---------- SOCOM ----------

12 Phase I Selections from the 98.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CREARE, INC.
PO Box 71 Etna Road
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
SOCOM 98-001
Title:Breath-Hold Diver Monitoring System
Abstract:Military breath-hold divers are at risk for shallow water blackout. We plan to develop a Diver Monitoring System that will warn the diver when he is a risk of losing consciousness. The system will monitor the diver's blood oxygen level and dive profile so that the warning provides the diver with sufficient time to ascend to the surface. The technology developed under this program will not only benefit military breath-hold divers, but is also expected to have medical applications including patient monitoring during stress testing and assisting clinicians in determining the cause of fainting episodes. We have assembled a uniquely qualified team which includes a Principal Investigator with experience in developing underwater instrumentation and data acquisition systems for processing of physiological signals, and a Project Engineer with experience in developing real-time data acquisition systems and embedded software. Out team also includes a noted Diving Physiologist and a leading manufacturer of blood oxygen monitoring equipment for the medical marketplace.

COMMERCIAL SATELLITE SYSTEMS, INC.
835 CrossKeys Office Park
Fairport, NY 14450
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 425-0760
Tony Jannetta
SOCOM 98-002
Title:Desktop Video Conferencing
Abstract:A developmental effort for an integrated video conferencing communications architecture is proposed that is designed to provide reliable multimedia communications from the SOF tactical user to garrison. It will be designed to provide an integrated video conferencing capability to SOF for existing communications applications as well as the addition of telemedicine and distance learning. The Phase I study will investigate the technologies, standards, equipment and systems needed to develop a detailed video conferencing architecture and system design. Special emphasis is on the need to transition SOF Communications networks to standards based on LANs and WANs using ATM, Iso-Ethernet and/or 100BaseT. The Phase I effort includes selected demonstrations of video conferencing from the tactical user to component desktop to establish confidence in the approach and establish a foundation for a detailed implementation plan in Phase II. The study includes an investigation of programs, equipment and software applications within Government and the commercial market applicable to SOF requirements for distance learning and telemedicine. In Phase II a detailed system design and implementation plan is proposed along with demonstrations which verify the proposed architecture.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
20600 Gramercy Place, Suite 103
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dai Hyun Kim
SOCOM 98-003
Title:Remotely Controllable and Programmable Vehicle Security System Based on Data Fusion and Live-Video Review
Abstract:Current security systems rely on human operators for sensor fusion. In contrast, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop and demonstrate a Highly Intelligent Remotely Programmable Alarm System (HIRPAS), setting a new standard of vehicle security in the year 2000, based on autonomous sensor fusion. HIRPAS will be a hardware/software highly intelligent portable multisensor security system allowing real-time remote live-video oversight. HIRPAS will improve security technology and surveillance mission efficiency. HIRPAS applies a unique combination of motion sensing with multisensor data fusion, neurofuzzy networks, and enhanced real-time MPEG-compatible compression for remote video transfer from the surveillance site. Based on fuzzy metrology, HIRPAS will preprocess multisensor data, including video imagery, and will identify exceptional and significant events and preferentially downlink selected frame sequences in real-time through the processor in the vehicle and communicate with the person responsible for vehicle security. This is made possible by intelligent integration among multiple heterogeneous sensors, pattern recognition in a neurofuzzy network, and unprecedented 4000:1 compression that only slightly reduces video quality, thus also dramatically increasing archiving capacity.

EDCO
5 Upland Lane
West Newbury, MA 01985
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 462-7511
Edward W. Dahn
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Suprises and Opportunities Diver Location, Diver Navigation, DIVENAV
Abstract:The diver navigation system (DIVENAV) accurately locates the position of scuba divers with respect to a dive boat. A display on the dive boat indicates magnetic bearing, distance, and depth for up to ten divers. In addition, the system will provide information to the diver to assist in his navigation. A digital readout on the diver's transponder is controlled by the divemaster on the dive boat. The readout indicates magnetic bearing and distance to a target. This information is automatically updated as the diver changes position. This system can be used by the divemaster to direct the diver back to the dive boat, to a remote location, or in a search pattern. Each diver can be independently directed.

EMERGENT TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
115 Ventura Drive
Bridgeport, WV 26330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(605) 692-7977
Dr. Douglas Miron
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Suprises and Opportunities
Abstract:Emergent Technologies Corp. (ETC) in conjunction with research partners at West Virginia University has developed and recently patented an innovation antenna that promises to revolutionize the science of antenna design, construction and utilization. The antenna, labeled the Countrawound Toroidal Helical Antenna (CTTHA), offers a number of significant advantages over conventional antennas. The CTHA's unique nearly isotopic radiation pattern are ideal for highly mobile platforms. It is extremely small, (about 1/20th the size of the smallest GPS antenna) and light weigh make it ideal for tactical applications yet provided superior communications performance. The donut shaped CTHA appears to exhibit some of the properties of so-called "Slow wave" devices. It consists of two helical wire radiating elements wrapped around a toroidal core. The two elements are of opposing handedness, creating a number of cross over points around the toroid. At least 17 different design parameters have been identified that impact the CTHA performance. Preliminary test results provide a high degree of confidence that further development of CTHA technology will result in significant benefits to very wide range of antenna users. ETC believes that the CTHA technology, as we continue to research, develop and engineer the antenna's various characteristics, will nature to provide a new generation of lightweight, low profile antennas suitable for a wide range of military and commercial applications.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Avenue
Waltham, MA 02154
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4379
Arnis Mangolds
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Bird-Dog Backpackable UGV Reconnaissance
Abstract:Improved situational awareness is a key factor in increasing SOF mission success. A small semi-autonomous robot that can be used from tactically significant standoff distances and carry operationally capable payloads is proposed in the form of Foster-Miller's Bird Dog robot. The Bird Dog is based on the highly successful amphibious Lemming and Sea Dog system developed for DARPA and the NAVSEA for mine and counter-invasion obstacle neutralization. The proposed Bird-Dog is a symmetrically tracked system with a range of up to 9 miles. It is amphibious to 80 ft. depths, is semi-autonomous with an obstacle avoidance system that will permit transit through natural and man-made obstacles such as concertina wire and can carry payloads consisting of either sensors or explosives. The state-of-the-art of the fundamental vehicle is such that mobility and reliability is proven and the technology can now move on to realistic mission packages. The proposed system will carry a digital imaging and a report-back system which will allow the over-watch team to supervise transit on-demand and to collect ground based imagery. A combined GPS and dead reckoning system will provide map information.

HDE ROBOTICS GROUP, INC.
201 S. Foch Street
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 870-4629
G. Whitfield Pepper, Jr.
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Quick-Attack/Reconnaissance Remote Vehicle Platform
Abstract:The Quick Attack Reconnaissance Remote Vehicle Platform is a remotely operated vehicle capable of performing combat and physical security missions. The modular platform features quick-change attachments that will accommodate a variety of weapon, video, audio, and bio/chemical sampling systems. The vehicle is able to operate in adverse climates and in rough terrain. The ground speed of the vehicle in good conditions is in excess of 10 miles per hour. The vehicle can be stored in a remote docking station where it can charge its batteries and remain in a passive, standby mode. The unit can be activated and dispatched into service remotely. The vehicle is capable of returning to its station to recharge or replace its power source without needing a human asset being present. This is ideal for protecting remote areas of a facility or to maintain a continuous unmanned battle capability at an installation under chemical attack. The platform will be controlled from a remote location. The control module is easily man-portable and the platform can be deployed by a light vehicle (Suburban, Hummer, etc.). This platform will be quick and agile. It is an efficient means for attacking/defending against enemy vehicles and personnel.

IS ROBOTICS, INC.
22 McGrath Highway, Suite 6 Twin City Office Plaza
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 629-0055
Helen Greiner
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Rovers for Special Forces Applications
Abstract:IS Robotics (ISR) will develop rovers to serve as tools for Special Forces Operators in reconnaissance applications. These outdoor terrain rovers will be small, highly mobile, and support autonomous behaviors. The rovers will act as mobile sensor platforms that will be used to obtain critical data in denied areas. Leveraging on technology already developed at IS Robotics in small, mobile vehicles and embedded intelligence will substantially reduce the cost and time of development. In Phase I, we will modify an existing microrover, developed under DARPA contract, for Special Forces Applications by increasing the man portability, mobility, and telemetry range. The modified FLIP vehicle will be a complete system that can be used in teleoperated scenarios and will provide a testbed for work on autonomous behaviors and intuitive user interfaces. Onboard processing, sensors, and a behavior based control system will allow more autonomous features to be added in the future. The modified vehicle will be made available to and supported for Special Forces field tests in which performance will be evaluated. Input regarding design improvements and additional features from end users will be incorporated into the Phase II development plan.

MULTISPECTRAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
202 Perry Parkway, Suite 7
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 590-3978
Dr. Robert J. Fontana
SOCOM 98-004
Title:A Novel LPI/D Radar Sensor for Wide Area Surveillance
Abstract:Innovative technologies that offer high performance at very low cost are required for meeting the needs of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Existing sensors (radar, seismis, acoustic, IR) offer limited performance, particularly in missions requiring broad area surveillance. Surveillance through walls and doors may also be desired to assist special operations forces in monitoring activity when visual means are not available. The use of ultra wideband (UWB) radar offers excellent penetration capability without the loss of resolution. Multispectral Solutions, Inc. (MSSI) has developed a very low cost radar technology that can be easily modified to perform surveillance functions. The sensor will operate as a time-gated presence sensor and only objects within a selected range will be detected. These detections will be based upon returned energy levels and not doppler motion. This feature when combined with a low cost CMOS camera output, will substantially reduce nuisance and false alarms. Since UWB waveforms are difficult to detect, the sensors can be used in situations where covertness is required. Under Phase I, MSSI proposes to develop a prototype UWB surveillance sensor for field test and evaluation. Under Phase II, several prototypes will be constructed for use by USSOCOM.

REYNOLDS INDUSTRIES SYSTEMS, INC.
3420 Fostoria Way
San Ramon, CA 94583
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 866-0650
Herbert J. Mac Donald
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Safe and Arm Chemical Delay for High Shock Environments Without the Use of Primary Explosive
Abstract:A fuze delay function can be achieved in two ways, either electrically or chemically. An electrical fuze delay function uses an in-line electronic S & A, while a chemical delay employs an out-line system. Primary explosives with out-line fuze electronic delay present a safety hazard. Conversely an in-line electronic delay, thus safer, makes use of secondary explosives, which are susceptible to shocks from the projectile launch environment. The object of this program is the realization of a fuze delay function by either using a deflagrating secondary or pyrotechnic explosive. These explosives, when electrically initiated will accelerate a plate (known as a flyer) at supersonic speeds. The ensuing shock wave from the plate will detonate an output secondary explosive. To determine the length of attainable delays, several initiating secondary explosives will be investigated in various design configurations. The most promising design configuration will be fabricated and tested. A general application will be brought forth.

SENSYS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
8419 Terminal Road
Newington, VA 22122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 550-7000
Leonard M. Hannon
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Application of wide Band Receiver Architectures to Pulse Repetition Interval (PRI) Specific Emitter Identification (SEID)
Abstract:Specific Emitter Identification (SEID) systems have been implemented using narrow hand receivers with fine grained Pulse Repetition Interval (PRI) analysis. The analysis produces a PRI signature on an emitter such that the same emitter is uniquely distinguished from another of the same type, allowing a user to associate an emitter to a specific platform. Using a narrow band tuner for this analysis isolates the emitter of interest from other signals in the environment ans allows it to be porcessed individually. This step reduces the burden of existing processors so that detailed analysis can be performed. Current state-of-the-art processing and wide band architectures may allow that one or more emitters of interest be analyzed for SEID date at the same time. The analysis may also be performed by processors already tasked to provide other ESM functions. This capability, if added to existing wide band threat warning systems, would strenthen the ESM posture of the host platform without adding any weight, power, size, or additional recurring hardware cost to the platform. The objective is to determine the utility of a wide band radar receiver architecture in performing SEID functions.

SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Jeffrey R. Hogue
SOCOM 98-004
Title:Advanced Special Operations Planning and Rehearsal Parachute Simulation Database Generation
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to develop user-friendly mission planning and rehearsal tools for a low-cost PC based parachute maneuvering simulator. The current version of this simulator has a head-mounted display (virtual reality) and high resolution, textured graphics. It is in use at several military installations for teaching and practicing flight control, navigation and equipment malfunctions procedures. To plan and rehearse specific missions, a swift, straight-forward, affordable procedure must be developed to incorporate digitized real-world data such as terrain, physical features, and coordinated wind fields influencing parachute aerodynamics into a simulation scenario. In Phase I we will develop a process and evaluate the relevant tools for data base generation that will allow average military users to quickly and conveniently prepare parachute simulator visual scenes and wind fields representing realistic situations for mission planning and rehearsal fidelity. The key design criteria are: a) 48hour data turnaround; b) worldwide coverage, c) geodetic and meteorological accuracy; d) real time simulation utility. In Phase II, we will integrate these tools into a working ensemble, including any necessary automation or "bridge" software, create terrain-correlated empirical wind models, and develop a complete syllabus for training users in the database generation process.