---------- SOCOM ----------

24 Phase I Selections from the 02.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ADVANCED CONCEPTS, INC.
158 W. Johnstown Rd.
Gahanna, OH 43230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 337-6294
Mr. Tim Stauffer
SOCOM 02-006      Awarded: 15NOV02
Title:Worldwide C4I for Special Operations Forces Combatant Craft
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR Project will develop a complete set of guiding documents which shall constitue a roadmap for implementing and deploying the Worldwide C4I for Special Operations Forces Combatant Craft solution. The documentation set will include analysis and results for algorithms in the areas of data compression, and encryption schemes. The document set shall contain the following: Concept of Operations, System Architecture Plan, Communication Interfaces (Radio and Tactical Data Networks), Sub-System Interfaces (IBS, IC2S/JC2S, DCM, DDD and a conceptual Personnel Status Monitor). The roadmap will allow implementation of a system that will provide data aggregation, prioritization, and dissemination amongst multiple systems internal to the platform and external systems via components comprised of Tactical Radio Networks (e.g. JTRS components, AN/PRC-117F) and Tactical Data Links (e.g. Link-11, Link-16). Benefits of this solution include the reduction of non-essential information that the operators and team members must process, and greatly enhanced situational awareness capability for the platform and command structure. Platform elements will be able to receive real-time data from assets such as Joint Stars or Rivet Joint via the Tactical Data Links as well as command updates via the Tactical Radio Networks. The command structure can receive platform situational awareness information to include the battlespace (sensor feeds, asset positions), the platform performance(power plant data, fuel level), and personnel status (Personnel Monitor when available). Commercial Applications include providing the information dissemination control for public first responders (Law Enforcement, Fire, Emergency), commercial marine vessels, heavy equipment, sport platforms (boat and car), and the custom coach market.

INNOVATIVE CONCEPTS, INC.
8200 Greensboro Drive, Suite 800
Mclean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 893-2007
Mr. Andy Feldstein
SOCOM 02-006      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:Worldwide C4I for Special Operations Forces Combatant Craft
Abstract:Special Operations Command wants to employ innovative, secure systems to enable real time communications with Special Forces Operations Combatant Craft deployed anywhere in the world. Communication structure must have sufficient bandwidth to enable command structure decision making, to monitor craft and personnel status, and to enable real-time failure analysis and in some cases, correction of deficiencies that critically impact mission performance. In addition to collecting and transmitting information from the IBS, Innovative Concepts proposes to deploy a system of secure communications using IDM TechnologyT on board the combatant craft that would increase situational awareness by incorporating data from remote locations such as video imagery, AWACS input, UAV data, and other real-time data available to the command structure. Once the protocol becomes a commercial standard, it could be applied to hundreds, if not thousands, of uses in the mobile wireless business. Innovative Concepts would continue development of the concept in our area of expertise, seamless mobile connectivity. Any entity that needs to move fast, in and out of networks, without having to worry about connectivity would benefit from this effort. Military, government, and civilian agencies involved in law enforcement, recovery operations or other types of activities requiring secure, reliable, mobile communications would benefit.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Carole Teolis
SOCOM 02-006      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:Covert Communications System for SOCOM Combat Craft
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to provide technology for local and global communication with SOCOM combat craft. Specific communication protocols will be designed to optimize the tradeoffs among security, bandwidth, and error rate. The starting point will be our work on frequency hopped protocols for integrated voice-data transmission. Communications functions will be integrated into the TSi Trident Bridge Data Manager (BDM) system. The BDM includes communications functions together with on-board systems for data acquistion, cameras, night vision, and other sensors (engine order, turbo-charger RPM, etc.) for ship data, GPS based position determination, and wireless distress signaling for use in emergencies. The Trident BDM uses satellite transceivers for sending data from a ship to the Trident Command Center (TCC) and for receiving command signals from the TCC. In the proposed project TSi will adapt and enhance the Trident BDM technology package to provide a communications interface to the SOCOM IBS. All data transmissions will be encrypted. Functions will be provided to manage communications links. Local transmissions will be based on FH spread-spectrum technology. Using COTS satellite transceivers and Army tactical radio networks, the system can be tested in Phase I, and an effective operational system delivered in Phase II. The Trident technology is already in commercial use. The secure communications functions developed in this project will substantially increase the value of the Trident system, and permit us to greatly expand the Trident business base. Secure, networked radio communications will find wide application in law enforcement, SWAT, and related applications.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Bruce R. Pilvelait
SOCOM 02-007      Awarded: 25NOV02
Title:A Posture Awareness Training Suit
Abstract:Special forces personnel are often subjected to physically abusive conditions during transit to and from operation sites. At best, these conditions result in accelerated fatigue and reduced mission performance, and at worst, in injuries such as muscle strain or stress fractures. It is our hypothesis that by maintaining optimal body postures during transit, the net shock levels on muscles and bones can be reduced, as well as better dissipated, thereby reducing the risks of injury and fatigue. The primary objectives of the proposed work are twofold: (1) develop a full-body motion recording suit that monitors the three-dimensional shock stress at critical locations on the body; and (2) minimize fatigue and injury by providing training and real-time biofeedback to the individual to encourage advantageous body posturing. Our approach is to incorporate tri-axial accelerometers to measure shock, miniature low-power data acquisition hardware and software to record and store the shock data, wireless telemetry to simplify interface with a shore based computer for off line analysis, and real-time biofeedback to the user. Our eventual goal is to integrate this entire system into existing warfare gear, minimizing the additional logistics and physical constraints that would result from additional garments. There are two primary beneficial outcomes of this technology, both related to the reduction of fatigue and injuries associated with high-impact activities. The first is the capability for measuring and recording full-body shock characteristics in physically abusive environments, and the second is the capability for better understanding how to reduce the associated risks for injury or fatigue. This technology will improve training for equipment operation, downhill skiing, running, motor sports, etc.

QUALVOX CORP.
503 1/2 6th Street, Ste. 5
Rapid City, SD 57701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 668-8743
Mr. James P. Brunsch Jr.
SOCOM 02-007      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:Special Operations Forces Combatant Motion Recording and Biofeedback
Abstract:Qualvox's FreeMotion Trainer will integrate advances in accelerometers, magneto-resistive sensors, rechargeable battery technology, low-power processors, and high-density memory devices roviding a motion analysis system with superior performance, reliability and usefulness. The system will consist of: sixteen sensor modules located on target body segments and one processor board all packaged in a low-profile bodysuit. The FreeMotion Trainer's high sampling rates and long record times will allow new insight into human motion in many different applications. A key innovation enabling these capabilities is our adaptive sample rate algorithm that will automatically switch to a high sample rate when impact threats are exhibited, thereby preserving the operational battery life and memory resources for longer periods. The combination of these technologies will provide a system that has a maximum sample rate of 2000 Hz and a continuous operational life of 24 hours at a minimum sample rate of 60 Hz. The FreeMotion Trainer will have a number of applications, such as sports medicine, sports equipment development, insurance, occupational and physical therapy, fraud detection in worker's compensation claims, automotive crash research and pain and suffering measurement for personal injury suits. For example, the sensor suit and biofeedback system could potentially be used in the study of occupational injuries due to strenuous lifting and other manual material handling tasks. Many companies and government agencies (OSHA, NIOSH, MSHA, Workers' Compensation Commissions, etc.) would have great interest in such a system that would reduce the frequency and severity of musculoskeletal injuries attributable to strenuous and highly dynamic physical tasks in the workplace. This technology also has applications in other government and department of defense applications, such as combatant performance and vital statistics monitoring, astronaut monitoring, robotic control through biometric modeling, real-time robot control, NASA research and military training. The FreeMotion Trainer will also be applicable in the field of computer human interaction with virtual training simulators. FreeMotion will provide greater interaction and reduced burden on trainees participating in virtual training scenarios.

ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC.
673G, Alpha Drive
Cleveland, OH 44143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 449-5785
Mr. Reed Carver
SOCOM 02-008      Awarded: 27NOV02
Title:A Low Profile, Horizontal Waterjet for Combatant Craft Signature Reduction
Abstract:Propulsion systems aboard current SOCOM Combatant Craft utilize propulsor systems that produce large wake forms, such as rooster tail. Large wake forms exaggerate the true visible and radar cross section of the Combatant Craft and thus increase probability for detection by littoral sensor and radar systems. Common propulsor designs, which originated from the commercial and recreational industries, are not ideal for military operations that require a high degree of concealment. High profile waterjet wake forms can potentially compromise mission objectives. Orbital Research proposes a novel nozzle design that can be readily adapted to existing SOCOM watercraft propulsors to significantly reduce visible and radar signatures. This unique nozzle concept will reduce wake side profile by nearly 50% without losses in thrust or watercraft performance. In the Phase I, Orbital Research will conduct actual water tests on the proposed nozzle designs. In addition, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations will be perfomed to optimize internal geometry for proper mixing and flow behavior. Thrust, waterjet impingement, and signature reduction will be quantifed from both experimental and CFD data. Several combatant craft, such as the MK V Special Operations Craft, the Rigid Inflatable Boats, and the Riverine, are currently in need of advanced propulsor designs, create a potential market for this specialized propulsor system. Other applications may include reduced wake for ships near shorelines or structures.

ARGON ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC.
12701 Fair Lakes Circle
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 828-2113
Mr. Scott Miller
SOCOM 02-009      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:ANALOG/VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS LINK
Abstract:Argon Engineering proposes to design a family of low probability of intercept/detection (LPI/LPD) data links capable of conveying analog (voice) and data (video and sensor data) in line-of-site (LOS) and over the horizon (OTH) modes for Special Operating Forces (SOF) tactical users using Joint Threat Warning System (JTWS) radios. Argon Engineering intends to research and design novel software definable transceiver and computer architectures based on the next generation of Digital Receiver Technology, Inc. (DRT) technologies augmented with Compact PCI (cPCI) Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) /PowerPC processors. These architectures will permit the innovative incorporation of both the sensor and communications link in one device and will provide processing power needed to generate LPI/D communications via wideband featureless waveforms. Argon Engineering envisions multiple opportunities for commercializing the communications links developed under this SBIR. The immediate opportunities for commercialization involve other government agencies that have similar needs for LPI communications.

ENGENIUM TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4220 Eagles Wing Ct.
Ellicott City, MD 21042
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 908-8003
Dr. Mike Pascale
SOCOM 02-009      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:ANALOG/VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS LINK
Abstract:Abstract Benefits

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Mr. Carl Chipman
SOCOM 02-009      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:Research for Mobile Communications for the Modern Warfighter
Abstract:To be effective, communications used by warfighters must be able to reach its destination without detection or interception by hostile forces. The system must provide multiple modes of operations that can be easily changed to support different operational arenas and to adapt their communications methods to external threats. Nomadics proposes to design such a system, ready for integration into Joint Component and Architecture and Framework (JCAF) and Joint Threat Warning System (JTWS) equipment. Nomadics will recommend in a supportable-fashion two wireless communication methods that meet the requirements for the Phase I topic request and that will be applicable for the Phase II follow-on development. A critical Phase I task will be the research and recommendation of a flexible, configurable, and upgradeable Radio Independent Interface (RII). Additionally, we intend to evaluate several different communication methods and construct a video compression feasibility system to simulate a point-to-point connection between two personnel transceiver devices to prove the feasibility of video at the bandwidth, latency, and error insertion rate provided by the devices. The proposed system will provide substantially reduced probability of detection and interception that will greatly benefit US and allied warfighters. Further, these enhancements will be beneficial to law enforcement and emergency response personnel. In the private sector, industrial users who wish to use wireless communications that are secure enough to protect proprietary and company confidential information or privacy-sensitive information such as medical records will also be eager to adopt such a system.

WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS
2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 266-1827
Mr. Rick Trudeau
SOCOM 02-009      Awarded: 14NOV02
Title:ANALOG/VIDEO COMMUNICATIONS LINK
Abstract:This proposal provides potential solutions for the implementation of an inexpensive, rugged, low power tactical data/communication link. This Phase I effort will identify and evaluate custom and Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) components. The Analog/Video Communications Link can be used by fielded soldiers for data/voice transfer to fellow soldiers or as a link for gathering data from remotely located sensors. Phase I will include detailed research of low probability of intercept/detection (LPI/LPD) transmission types. Design considerations will provide the best solution for short and long haul configurations. The use of audio/video compression will be explored to provide a link that is adaptable to data requirements. The necessary tradeoffs will be made to provide a practical solution. Phase I determines which approach best fits the requirements of SOCOM. It will result in a detailed, in-depth, technical report identifying the risk areas, and recommending the approach(s). Components to be used in designing, fabricating and testing in the Phase II, will be presented in this report. The performance analysis and experimental results of Phase I will be detailed. Products resulting from this research and development will provide more reliable and efficient LPI/LPD radio links that will have widespread use in the future digital battlefield environments, commercial wireless local area networks, and third and fourth generation (3G & 4G) data services. As the bandwidth needs of critical video, voice, and data accelerate and communications conditions become evermore challenging incorporating an adaptable baseband waveform in a software configurable platform will provide the ability to communicate without detection or intercept for military operations and around the wireless channel interference for both military and commercial applications providing more reliable and efficient wireless links. Environments plagued by uncontrollable RF interference - including the battlefield, office buildings, factory floors, airports, and hospitals - will be able to "tune" their radio equipment to better bypass these impediments.

HERRICK TECHNOLOGY LABORATORIES, INC.
47 Constitution Drive
Bedford, NH 03110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 471-1844
Mr. David A. Hubbard
SOCOM 02-010      Awarded: 25OCT02
Title:Development of Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection Algorithms
Abstract:Development of detection and demodulation algorithms for selected DS spread spectrum emitters and perform laboratory testing of the algorithm against a simulated operational environment. Development of a software solution to the threat signals currently only addressed with special purpose hardware. Incorporation planned into the DRT family of hardware receivers.

RADIX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
329 North Bernardo Avenue
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 988-4717
Mr. Daniel Geisler
SOCOM 02-010      Awarded: 31OCT02
Title:Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection
Abstract:Advances in spread spectrum communications systems have provided military and other users with readily available low-probability-of-intercept transceivers for secure, clandestine communications. The use of these systems may constitute a threat to Special Operations Forces. These forces need a system to detect, identify, locate, and copy modern LPI communication emitters to counter this threat. The system must be capable of deployment with ground forces, in maritime operations, in a support role on aircraft, or left behind for remote operation. Radix proposes to design an effective search system for threat LPI emitters to satisfy this need in a rugged, low power, small form factor, 100% COTS hardware architecture. The proposed system architecture uses the DRT receiver family. Radix algorithms, which have successfully operated against LPI signals on other programs, are integrated on COTS hardware processing nodes in a flexible, reconfigurable firmware/software design compatible with the JCAF. The processing nodes are specifically structured to expedite upgrades for signal variants or new signal types, to be scaleable by adding additional nodes in a larger receiver configuration, and to take advantage of technology upgrades as higher capacity programmable devices and faster processors become available. The primary opportunity for this technology is initially with the US military. Since the processing is sophisticated enough to allow operations in high density environments, the technology can be deployed in high altitude aircraft as well as in the air, maritime, and land tactical missions addressed in this proposal. The modularity necessary to scale the processing for signal density, SOI type, and bandwidth coverage allows a wide range of military applications. Use of standards-based hardware interfaces and JCAF software principles to aid platform and operating system independence provides the flexibility to fit into a variety of surveillance products by other vendors.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
11400 West Olympic Blvd., Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 954-2200
Mr. Joseph Salzman
SOCOM 02-010      Awarded: 28OCT02
Title:Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection
Abstract:Modern low-probability of intercept (LPI) signals, such as spread spectrum frequency hopping and direct sequence coded waveforms (FHSS/DSSS), typified by wireless cell phone, IEEE 802.11, and Bluetooth signals, pose a serious challenge to conventional signal interceptors. Since Special Operations Forces (SOF) must continuously monitor such signals in a variety of tactical situations worldwide, novel new techniques are required to detect and identify such signals. TSC developed the concept of a Delay-Multiply Detector (DMD) interceptor, which it will adopt to the spread spectrum communications signal detection/identification problem. The DMD interceptor acts on digital data provided by a Digital Receiver Technology (DRT) family receiver, compliant with JTWS/JCAF requirements. During Phase I TSC, with the aid of SwRI, will survey the characteristics of FHSS and DSSS as well as other threat wideband signals employed worldwide, identify appropriate parameters for the DMD interceptor, and demonstrate its feasibility. Using simulation tools, we will estimate the interceptor's detection and identification performance, and design a preliminary Phase II demonstration test approach. Our goal is to fabricate the DMD interceptor in Phase II in C-PCI format, supplemented with post-processing algorithms resident in the receiver's host computer. Fitting the processing in a PCMCIA format will require subsequent miniaturizations efforts. It is anticipated that a direct benefit of this effort will be an enhanced intercept receiver, providing spread spectrum signal intercept capabilities to existing (or planned) operational SOF suites, both for the tactical and strategic (i.e., ELINT) environment, maximizing their ability to detect, analyze, and identify LPI waveforms. The developed technology will also result in a robust method for detecting other LPI emissions. As such, it may have commercial utility in such fields as ship collision avoidance, by detecting marine radar signals, and in other communications and radar applications.

VERTEX ENGINEERING, INC.
PO Box 815
Brooksville, FL 35605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 650-1867
Dr. Truman Prevatt
SOCOM 02-010      Awarded: 25OCT02
Title:Frequency Hopper/DSSS Detection
Abstract:Currently SOF tactical users lack a software package that permit them to monitor spread spectrum signals. In this effort Vertex will reserach all current variants of Frequency Hopper Spread Spectrum and Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum used worldwide and design algorithms that will detect and identify these systems. Further will Vertex as a goal of the effort Vertex will design algorithms to demodulate these signals. Vertex will further design detailed algorithms for the exploitation of one particular variant. Vertex will also determine the technology requirements to implement a system in the JTWS to exploit these signals. This effort - when carried through Phase III - will result in a commerical software package that will operate "plug-and-play" in the JTWS to exploit these signals. It will also result in a spin off for software packages that can be used in the exploitation of wideband signals in general. There is clearly commerical applications to the military. There is also applications to non military users such as law enforcement.

ASTRON ANTENNA CO.
22560 Glenn Drive, Suite 114
Sterling, VA 20164
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 450-5517
Mr. Joseph R. Jahoda
SOCOM 02-011      Awarded: 19DEC02
Title:HF to UHF Camouflaged Antenna
Abstract:Research, design, and build a family of rugged inexpensive tactical antennas for deployed SOF personnel in two versions: one as a tent and the other as camouflage netting. Latest in antenna technologies to design a series of transparent antennas that can receive HF up to at least UHF (2 to 3000 MHz would cover the full UHF band). Both omni-directional and directional antennas are to be considered. This system is designed primiarly for military tactical operation but it will also have applications with law enforcement agencies, with some of these antennas for use in wireless/PCS base stations.

AVTEC SYSTEMS, INC.
10530 Rosehaven Street, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 219-1835
Dr. Philip Moser
SOCOM 02-011      Awarded: 09JAN03
Title:HF to UHF Camouflaged Antenna
Abstract:Avtec views this SOCOM program as an RF systems development program, more than just an antenna development program. The family of antennas developed under this program must work with a wide range of communications systems, and also provide a wide range of functionality (communications reception and transmission over a broad frequency range with multiple radio systems, provide omni and directional coverage, and potential use as a DF system). The Avtec Team proposes to develop the design concepts for a family of affordable integrated antenna products into Special Forces tents and camouflage netting. This initial design will operate over the HF to UHF bands in receive, and will have a transmit capability of up to 100 watts at HF. These design concepts will allow the tent and netting structures to function as stand alone, or operate in series or parallel to obtain increased gain performance. These concepts will also allow both omni and directional performance, depending on deployed configuration geometries. The initial design concepts will be developed in a way to allow for potential future performance enhancements, to include frequency extension into the GHz range, and to accommodate a DF capability. We will look at both new and retrofitable production options. The benefits of a successful development of antennas in this class would (1) reduce the amount of separate equipment needed to deploy to the field (i.e., antennas and nets/tents), (2) reduce potential force detection vulnerabilities by having to expose separate structures in an exposed environment, and (3) a possible increase in performance depending on the arrayed construction of the equipment. These products will have immediate and direct application for the Special Operating Forces (SOF), both domestic and foreign (NATO forces and US allies). There may also be a market for these products in non-DoD applications such as Search and Rescue, and remote Forestry operations.

WINDERMERE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS
2000 Windermere Court
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 266-1792
Mr. Eric Kohls
SOCOM 02-011      Awarded: 09JAN03
Title:HF to UHF Camouflaged Antenna
Abstract:The highly dynamic and unpredictable nature of today's military missions and terrorist threats is a tremendous challenge and source of vulnerability for the modern SOF war fighter. Providing timely and accurate information to the war fighter is exacerbated by the ever-evolving landscape of signals, transmitters, and unique operational settings. The Windermere Group, a small business based in Maryland, has teamed with Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) to develop an expandable, flexible, and innovative HF to UHF Camouflaged antenna and netting configuration. As such, our team will research, design, and build a prototype rugged, inexpensive, tactical antenna for deployed SOF personnel in three different HF to UHF Camouflaged versions: 1. Tent Version 2. Camouflage Netting Version 3. Tent/Netting version with 100W HF transmitter A final report will be written detailing the preferred designs for both the Tent and Camouflaged Netting configurations, as well as providing the detailed results from the modeling and simulation efforts. Although this system is being initially developed for SOCOM applications, commercial applications are not difficult to foresee. The extensibility of the techniques developed in this effort to mobile communications and wireless personal area networking are apparent as these technology areas are rapidly expanding in the commercial market. Furthermore, Windermere's past work with local and federal law enforcement suggests several applications for their mission environment. Both commercial and government systems have applications that would benefit from the infrastructure of a system incorporating the antennas required for their communications systems. Other military services would also have applications that could leverage these ideas, such as those that employ networked wireless systems. Windermere at present has commercial products, many of which have been the results of the commercialization of government development efforts. These efforts have provided other government agencies with products without incurring the expense of development. Windermere has numerous military and law enforcement customers who have benefited from these commercialization efforts.

ARGON ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC.
12701 Fair Lakes Circle
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 621-3961
Mr. Jim Sealock
SOCOM 02-012      Awarded: 28OCT02
Title:Threat Warning Software
Abstract:Argon Engineering Associates proposes to create a prototype threat warning visualization that integrates key features of signal threat characteristics into a battlefield and Geographic Information System intensive environment. This is accomplished during an iterative approach during Phase I with the establishment of a visualization laboratory for Human-Computer Interface (HCI) evaluation. By rigorously applying object oriented methodologies, Argon Engineering will develop the threat warning software as a suite of tools and applications that can be easily integrated. The applications will be developed using the JAVA programming language where possible and packaged into JAVA Beans and/or CORBA objects to facilitate use in heterogeneous distributed computing environments. COTS and GOTS utilities will be incorporated where applicable to leverage existing software resources.

CUSTOM MANUFACTURING & ENGINEERING, INC.
2904 44th Avenue North
St. Petersburg, FL 33714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 547-9799
Mr. Steve Fetherman
SOCOM 02-012      Awarded: 31OCT02
Title:Threat Warning Software
Abstract:The Special Operation Forces (SOF) Threat Warning Software (TWS) will provide the SOF operator with the capability to rapidly detect, identify, receive alarms, and display the active emitters within his sphere of influence via emitter identification, direction finding (DF), and battlefield mapping functions integrated into a single user interface and display software. Furthermore, SOFTWS will provide SOF leaders with the capability to perform Electronic Surveillance (ES) within their sphere of influence with the data collected by the threat warning receivers? data utilized by his operators. Utilizing TWS the SOF Commander will be capable of collecting threat warning and ED into a TWS for analysis and dissemination to other DOD systems. TWS will provide the SOF operator with advanced individual, mission element, organization and Joint Task Force threat warning, enhance situational awareness, Electronic Surveillance, and data for Signal Intelligence and Information Operations/Warfare. During Phase I, CME will conduct research on target identification technologies and the latest in smart software, and prepare an assessment report different alternative approaches that could be used to meet SOF requirements. A threat warning software approach and design for the JTWS will be developed. By the end of Phase 1, CME will demonstrate a TWS prototype with DF and mapping capabilities. SOF tactical users will be able to employ a dynamic, open architecture software package on PCs or PDA?s that will give Special Forces a smart threat warning capability with the ability to easily integrate multiple receiver inputs in a plug-and-play manner. The TWS developed under this project will especially enhance SOF?s real-time situational awareness of localized threat emitters and enable SOF teams to rapidly detect, avoid, or attack these threats while hidden or on the move. Product spinoffs will be possible through the development of more JCAF compliant applications.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS CORP.
1875 Campus Commons Drive, Suite 300
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 921-4822
Mr. Michael Phipps
SOCOM 02-012      Awarded: 28OCT02
Title:Threat Warning Software
Abstract:ITAC will research, design and demonstrate (RD&D) the next generation JTWS software as the basis for future SOF technology advancement. Today's SOF tactical users lack dynamic software for smart threat warning and intelligence gathering capabilities to save lives and improve mission effectiveness. Our innovative software approach will be JCAF compliant, provide DRT and other intercept receiver interfaces, and incorporate advanced GIS displays and applications. The design will evolve from ITAC's proven and tactically relevant Intelligent Communications Exploitation (ICE) capability will be compatible with system configurations that employ PCI and PCMCIA technologies. Phase I RD&D will focus on the latest software technologies that incorporate intuitive user interfaces, graphic maps, overlay DF threat locations, present best cognitive situational awareness, and predict future events and activities. Benefits include capabilities for detecting, identifying, and locating friend and foe, linking maps, geo-registered imagery and UAV video to friendly and enemy elements, provide processing and exploitation speeds that provide "in-time" threat warning and archived data for post mission exploitation, reporting and replanning. In Phase I and during subsequent SBIR Phases, ITAC will place importance on technology advancement through spiral development and technology transition to suppliers and users within the commercial community. A successful Phase I will result in the integration and enhancement of legacy software and the development of preliminary algorithms and support databases for the three primary TWS baseline functions of: a) tasking and pre-mission planning, b) mission execution and c) post mission exploitation and reporting. Our goal is to use spiral technology integration and development techniques to ensure TWS technology advancement within the JTWS lifecycle. This will provide feasibility to more full develop the TWS mission support functions. A successful Phase I will provide the baseline component architecture and framework for evolving Phase II prototype TWS capability for demonstration in simulated and live-fly environments. Moreover, it will set the stage for considering dual-use transition capabilities for subsequent Phase III opportunities. Phase I will create a prototype which stimulates an art-of-the-possible situational awareness of the TWS operational, technical and logistic support environments. In addition to SOCOM's requirements for JTWS, there are significant opportunities with organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, force protection, and investigative law enforcement. The expansion of the base capabilities of ICE and BRITEView to a general purpose, open architecture, and scalable TWS products for large scale, cost effect solutions supporting:  Instrumentation of the US borders in support of Counter Terrorism, Counter Narcotics, Immigrations and Naturalization, Customs, etc.  Requirements for comprehensive, transportable systems for security at major events such as the Olympics, Super Bowl, Political Conventions, the World Series, etc.  Law Enforcement applications for Organized Crime, Gang Violence, Hostage Situations, etc.  Harbor and Airport Security for terrorism, customs, immigration, etc.  Limited scope systems for export ITAC's preliminary estimates of the US market conservatively exceed $100M. Export markets are more difficult to access based on current restrictions, however, they exceed the US market. A successful Phase I will result in the integration and enhancement of legacy software and the development of preliminary algorithms and support databases for the three primary TWS baseline functions of: a) tasking and pre-mission planning, b) mission execution and c) post mission exploitation and reporting. Our goal is to use spiral technology integration and development techniques to ensure TWS technology advancement within the JTWS lifecycle. This will provide feasibility to more full develop the TWS mission support functions. A successful Phase I will provide the baseline component architecture and framework for evolving Phase II prototype TWS capability for demonstration in simulated and live-fly environments. Moreover, it will set the stage for considering dual-use transition capabilities for subsequent Phase III opportunities. Phase I will create a prototype which stimulates an art-of-the-possible situational awareness of the TWS operational, technical and logistic support environments. In addition to SOCOM's requirements for JTWS, there are significant opportunities with organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, force protection, and investigative law enforcement. The expansion of the base capabilities of ICE and BRITEView to a general purpose, open architecture, and scalable TWS products for large scale, cost effect solutions supporting:  Instrumentation of the US borders in support of Counter Terrorism, Counter Narcotics, Immigrations and Naturalization, Customs, etc.  Requirements for comprehensive, transportable systems for security at major events such as the Olympics, Super Bowl, Political Conventions, the World Series, etc.  Law Enforcement applications for Organized Crime, Gang Violence, Hostage Situations, etc.  Harbor and Airport Security for terrorism, customs, immigration, etc.  Limited scope systems for export ITAC's preliminary estimates of the US market conservatively exceed $100M. Export markets are more difficult to access based on current restrictions, however, they exceed the US market. A successful Phase I will result in the integration and enhancement of legacy software and the development of preliminary algorithms and support databases for the three primary TWS baseline functions of: a) tasking and pre-mission planning, b) mission execution and c) post mission exploitation and reporting. Our goal is to use spiral technology integration and development techniques to ensure TWS technology advancement within the JTWS lifecycle. This will provide feasibility to more full develop the TWS mission support functions. A successful Phase I will provide the baseline component architecture and framework for evolving Phase II prototype TWS capability for demonstration in simulated and live-fly environments. Moreover, it will set the stage for considering dual-use transition capabilities for subsequent Phase III opportunities. Phase I will create a prototype which stimulates an art-of-the-possible situational awareness of the TWS operational, technical and logistic support environments. In addition to SOCOM's requirements for JTWS, there are significant opportunities with organizations involved in counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, force protection, and investigative law enforcement. The expansion of the base capabilities of ICE and BRITEView to a general purpose, open architecture, and scalable TWS products for large scale, cost effect solutions supporting:  Instrumentation of the US borders in support of Counter Terrorism, Counter Narcotics, Immigrations and Naturalization, Customs, etc.  Requirements for comprehensive, transportable systems for security at major events such as the Olympics, Super Bowl, Political Conventions, the World Series, etc.  Law Enforcement applications for Organized Crime, Gang Violence, Hostage Situations, etc.  Harbor and Airport Security for terrorism, customs, immigration, etc.  Limited scope systems for export ITAC's preliminary estimates of the US market conservatively exceed $100M. Export markets are more difficult to access based on current restrictions, however, they exceed the US market.

NEXT CENTURY CORP.
8101 Sandy Spring Road
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 939-2550
Mr. Hyam Singer
SOCOM 02-012      Awarded: 31OCT02
Title:Threat Warning Software
Abstract:Next Century Corporation of Laurel, Maryland and Southwest Research Institute of San Antonio, Texas have teamed to develop a comprehensive, threat warning solution for SOF tactical users. This innovative solution integrates body-worn and other portable threat detection receivers with location and classification technology as well as advanced battlefield situation displays presented on a PDA. This powerful combination provides the warfighter with an integrated, at-a-glance, up-to-the-moment view of the battlespace that indicates his/her location, the nature and location of detected threats, and the location of other friendly forces. In addition, real-time data feeds to the PDA can incorporate GIS data, remotely sensed imagery, and other intelligence information. The proposed system approach includes a portable server that is used pre-mission to configure the PDAs with mission-specific information. During the mission, the server provides real-time information from all available sources, including information from other team members. After the mission, the server provides playback capabilities for "hotwash" and training purposes. The key innovations revolve around unique ways of aggregating and compositing information from many sources into a single, intuitive display with easy-to-use, drill-down, and navigation capabilities. The concept of using commercially available PDAs for the Threat Warning System will dramatically reduce the cost and operational utility (weight, power requirements, etc.). Potential commercial applications include real-time communications for service industry personnel and emergency response personnel.

APPLIED SIGNAL TECHNOLOGY
1128 West 2400 South, Suite B
Salt Lake City, UT 84119
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 908-2402
Mr. Jon Hall
SOCOM 02-013      Awarded: 03JAN03
Title:Portable Signal Identification Training
Abstract:A unique approach to the problem of portable signal identification training (PSIT) is proposed through the use of an integrated signals database, training software, and the re-use of operator interface software. Two training scenarios are addressed: standalone training mode and transmit training mode. The proposed approach is based entirely on COTS hardware. The approach also minimizes the hardware parts count, minimizing cost and maximizing service, sparing, and re-use of necessary hardware. APSG proposes a Phase I effort to investigate and design a fully functional PSIT system for both training scenarios, and to develop a demonstration model of the first scenario. APSG will leverage its in-house wireless signal monitoring product experience, knowledge of related signals, and existing collection of signal snapshots to minimize program risk. The proposed system will provide training on a wide variety of signal types and training scenarios, and provide training on both signal characteristics and on monitoring system operation. In addition to SOCOM's force protection requirement, counter narcotics, homeland defense, counter terrorism, and investigative law enforcement drive the need for training in wireless monitoring system use and their target signals. The market need is driven by limited budgets combined with ever changing wireless communications protocols. The signals training equipment will be flexible to accept new signals, even of unanticipated types. Designing and building a flexible, extensible system will reduce the number of such systems needed and reduce the overall cost of such systems to the government, across the many agencies which stand to benefit from such a system.

KLEIN & STUMP, INC.
12000 Lincoln Drive West, Suite 107
Marlton, NJ 08053
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 415-9300
Dr. Mark Mahon
SOCOM 02-013      Awarded: 02JAN03
Title:Portable Signal Identification Training
Abstract:The portable signal identification training is concise and technologically achievable. The Technical Objectives include the following: 1.Generate an intended use document specifying in sufficient detail how the system will be used in training in order to facilitate a high-level hardware system operability design and performance requirements specification. 2.Investigate and identify available small-footprint COTS hardware that fulfills these system operational requirements. 3.Research and identify if any signals software libraries exist, which ones are available for use in this system, and what the software interface requirements would be. 4.Identify software `look and feel' training requirements of SOCOM and associated target users. 5.Design and generate a signals' library software requirements document (SRD). 6.Specify the automated student assessment system requirements. 7.Generate a refined system interoperability document. 8.Perform any necessary preliminary system integration and testing (bread-board). 9.Finalize database design and begin coding. 10.Finalize training software design and begin coding. 11.Finalize real-time situation data, video/imagery system design, and begin coding. 12.Finalize automated student assessment system and being coding. 13.Determine the best, lowest power, easiest to use, and lowest production cost design possible. 14.Determine per system cost estimate for Phase III. Advances in technology now provide the opportunity to design, build, and use a highly flexible, portable, and realistic signals training system that can simulate virtually any signal environment. The inherent design of this system will permit it to be used effectively for all defense and national security applications and even selected wireless security applications. The system will be capable of replicating the functionality of a wide range of existing signals exploitation systems and will readily accommodate new signals and target signal scenarios as they occur. The system can be used by SOCOM in conjunction with the Joint Threat Warning System to include the Threat Warning Software. For military applications, our system could become "The Joint Threat Signal Training System" (JTSTS).

ONTAR CORP.
9 Village Way
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-9622
Dr. John Schroeder
SOCOM 02-013      Awarded: 19DEC02
Title:Portable Signal Identification Training
Abstract:There is a need in the modern military to train soldiers in the detection and identification of RF signals such as cellular, radar, INMARSAT, military communications, etc. Currently soldiers are given what amounts to "on the job" training in signal recognition. There is no specific training system for this application. More specifically there is no system that would allow a soldier to train on these signals either in an informal setting, a formal "school house" setting, or in the field under simulated battlefield conditions. The proposed program will develop for SOCOM a system to meet the signal identification training requirements of the modern military. The proposed system will provide for informal video game-type training, formal classroom training, and transmission mode for field exercises. To proposed system will be based on the Ontar developed TENOR (Training and Education Network on Request). TENOR is a highly sophisticated Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) system, which is being implemented under an SBIR program for the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/HEA), under contract F33615-01-C-6017 (Topic AF00-100, "ADL for Force Protection Training Technology"). TENOR will be the ADL training distribution media and interface for the proposed program. It leverages internet/intranet technology to deliver high quality content almost instantly to any location. The system has advantages which make it ideal for this application. The Phase I work will lay an excellent groundwork for Phase II. At the conclusion of Phase I we will deliver to the SOCOM a prototype software/hardware Signal ID Training System. We will have investigated several methodologies for distribution, retrieval, and recording training material relevant to RF signal identification, and made recommendations as to their suitability to meet the program requirements. We will have implemented an architecture for inter/intranet, wireless and handheld communication to access these materials. The Phase I system will demonstrate the following capabilities: portability; wireless (with fast access); multi-platform (desktop, handheld, pagers, cellular telephones, head mounted, etc.); security (both in the login, and data transmission and retrieval); voice interactive (voice commands, and voice transcriptions); readily adaptable to numerous signal databases; powerful processing capabilities; and use an open architecture (operating system agnostic, non-proprietary, use XML and HTML technology). The Phase I work will form the framework for the Phase II prototype system. We anticipate commercial products resulting from the proposed work. Ontar has found that there is a large commercial market for products derived from DoD research. Approximately 50% of our total corporate sales are from such products, with 45% of these sales outside the United States. These products are used by over 2500 DoD, industrial and academic institutions. Distance learning is an important part of both the civilian and military training. The proposed system will find wide applications in the basic training of electronics technicians. Ontar has a close working relationship with the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative (MTC) to identify business areas and partners. Our relationship with our subcontractor will allow us access to a large potential market.