---------- SOCOM ----------

19 Phase I Selections from the 03.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
APPLIED SCIENCES LABORATORY, INC.
P.O. Box 21158
Albuquerque, NM 87154
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 828-1848
Ms. Wendy Shaneyfelt
SOCOM 03-007       Awarded: 10DEC03
Title:Emerging Weapons Technology Evaluation Model
Abstract:Accelerated development of directed energy technologies has presented new problems to mission planners and weapon operators regarding the capabilities, lethality and performance of weapon systems. The Emerging Weapons Technology Evaluation Model will address these shortcomings by providing users of varying technical expertise 1) the ability to model a variety of weapons in various mission scenarios and determine their effects on targets, and 2) the ability to specify the damage on targets and determine which weapon systems are capable. The flexibility of this modeling software allows for future growth as new weapons, targets, and platforms are introduced. Expert guidance will be built into the software and intuitive analysis tools available to assist analyses. Applied Sciences Laboratory, Inc. (ASL) has developed a software architecture for the modeling and analysis of specific types of directed energy systems that can be rapidly modified to meet the USSOCOM requirements. This architecture is modular and easily adaptable to accommodate growth for future requirements. Its structure has been optimized through years of development and use and has proven to adapt to a variety of directed energy modeling uses. Leveraging this existing architecture, ASL can quickly create a powerful modeling tool avoiding the risk and cost of new development.

SCHAFER CORP.
321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 338-2890
Dr. Dunning I. 5th
SOCOM 03-007       Awarded: 19DEC03
Title:Advanced Tactical Laser Adaptive Simulator-Visualization, Operations, Training, Engineering, and Rehearsal Toolkit (ATLAS - VOTER)
Abstract:The ATLAS-VOTER Toolkit is physics based with detailed aircraft models, environmental effects, operator, instructor, and analyst work stations, High Energy Laser (HEL) modeling, and graphic user interfaces. Because of the maturity of its component software modules, this SBIR effort could deliver a value added tool suite by the end of Phase I. We will combine the Schafer simulation products Integrated Systems Architecture and Analysis Code (ISAACr) and AirBorne Laser Engagement simulator (ABLEr) with the SDS AAcuityr products LiteFliter, Gateway Mission Function Server, and PC Image Generator. All five products are mature, formally validated and verified, and have a legacy of US DoD support. Their synergistic integration via Distributed Interactive Simulation protocols, and augmentation with Advanced Tactical Laser (ATL) system parameters, provides SOCOM a tool for developing ATL tactics and CONOPS. ISAACr will also be upgraded to generically model the entire spectrum of future HEL weapons and expected targets. The delivered tool suite will allow SOCOM to participate in distributed wargaming exercises in support of determining ATL military utility, and will provide a spectacular visualization capability for demonstrating to the chain of command how ATL and other laser weapons can be effectively integrated into future warfighting capability.

APPLIED SIGNAL & IMAGE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
7763 Old Telegraph Road, Suite 7
Severn, MD 21144
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 969-7044
Dr. Joseph C. Harsanyi
SOCOM 03-008       Awarded: 30DEC03
Title:Direction Finding (DF) Module
Abstract:The SOCOM direction finding (DF) requirement is a small, low-power package that is modular in design and capable of interoperating with a variety of receivers including the SIGINT Threat Warning receivers currently under development by Digital Receiver Technology, Inc. and Applied Signal Technology, Inc. Applied Signal and Image Technology is uniquely positioned to offer SOCOM a solution for this problem. ASIT already has a comprehensive direction finding and geolocation solution that operates with the DRT receiver systems, and we are currently working with Applied Signal Technology on a joint program to provide intercept, direction finding and geolocation of conventional and wireless (2nd and 3rd generation) signals. Our existing capabilities will be adapted and enhanced to achieve the stringent SOCOM size, weight, power, and performance requirements. The proposed solution will have an ability to connect to a variety of DF arrays such as the body worn antenna, and our approach will also provide a "leave-behind" option for a distributed, low-power geolocation module in which SOCOM has expressed interest in very recently (SOCOM SBIR 03-001) within the same package.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Kenan O. Ezal
SOCOM 03-008       Awarded: 05JAN04
Title:Miniature Direction Finding (Mini-DF) Module
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to research and develop a low-cost, miniature direction finding (Mini-DF(TM)) module and build a proof-of-concept system. The primary focus of this Phase I effort will be to locate cellular and wireless communications and RF emissions in the 2.0 MHz to 3.0 GHz frequency range. The Mini-DF module will accept input from an external receiver that is using a single DF capable antenna, multiple omni-directional antennas, or a combination thereof. When possible, time difference of arrival (TDOA) and differential-Doppler (DD) techniques will be used to augment the performance of the DF measurements and to further improve the relative bearing estimates. The system will also provide a relative range estimate provided sufficient information exists. The Mini-DF system will be designed and built using only commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology. The final product will feature a PDA-type interface that is simple to use and will be capable of being upgraded through software changes.

ALAMEDA APPLIED SCIENCES CORP.
2235 Polvorosa Avenue, Suite 230
San Leandro, CA 94577
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 483-4156
Dr. Mike McFarland
SOCOM 03-009       Selected for Award
Title:Service Life Extension of Machine Gun Barrels
Abstract:The purpose of this Phase-I is to demonstrate the feasibility of using Alameda Applied Sciences Corporation's Coaxial Energetic Deposition (CED) process to increase the life of gun barrels, specifically the Mk-46 and Mk-48 light-weight machine guns, by depositing a protective refractory metal coating to the inside of the barrel as a replacement for the chrome coatings that are presently used. The CED process is capable of depositing virtually any metal or alloy and many types of ceramics to the inside of tubes while using no moving parts. One of the major benefits of the CED process is that the deposition ions are much more energetic than those of other deposition methods, for example sputtering or chemical vapor deposition. Because of these higher energy ions, CED deposited coatings tend to be denser, with fewer cracks and voids, and to adhere better to the substrate. Live-fire tests will be performed on coated Mk-48 gun barrels as part of this Phase-I.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0148
Dr. Fritz J. Friedersdorf
SOCOM 03-009       Selected for Award
Title:Nano-Scale Particle Coatings for Service Life Extension of Small Arm Components
Abstract:Wear and erosion limit the service life and degrade the performance of weapons used by U. S. Special Operations Forces. Gun barrel coatings to maintain barrel life, overall weapon performance and reduce sustainment costs are required. These new coatings will conform to environmental initiatives to reduce hexavalent chrome usage. Luna Innovations will develop a complete coating process and system based on novel nano-particle and thermal treatment technologies. Recent developments in nano-particle production will be exploited to formulate stable coatings that can be applied using conventional liquid coating application processes. The process includes, surface cleaning and treatment prior to coating using proven industrial methods. The freshly coated gun barrels are oven dried in a controlled atmosphere. Finally, densification of the nano-particle coating is achieved without heating the bulk gun barrel substrate beyond the tempering temperature. The resulting dense coatings will be well adhered to the gun barrel. This coating process is designed to be compatible with current gun barrel manufacturing processes. The nano-particle production and coating process is amenable to the use of powder or alloy mixtures to achieve the optimal chemical, thermal and mechanical properties for this application.

UCT DEFENSE, LLC
7825 SW Ellipse Way
Stuart, FL 34997
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 223-6699
Mr. Ed McComas
SOCOM 03-009       Selected for Award
Title:Renewal/Service Life Extension of Weapon (Machine Gun) Components
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to save the lives of our fighting men and women. SOCOM will reach this objective by identifying a feasible process, which will demonstrate that extending the life of small arm weapons components and barrels is possible. Developing such product is vital because it will provide the war fighters with a reliable weapon on which they could depend in the most austere environments. Nothing is more important to our fighting men and women than reliable weapons. This project is also important because it will reduce the acquisition and life cycle costs of the weapon. Both of these goals are feasible by the use of UCTD's UltraCem coating on small arm components and barrels. UltraCem is a multi-functional coating that will (1) add hardness, (2) increase wear and abrasion resistance, (3) reduce friction, (4) enhance lubriciousness and (5) increase temperature tolerance to the base material. All of these functions combined will protect the components/barrels from the erosive forces and will extend the life of small arms.

APPLIED SIGNAL TECHNOLOGY
400 West California Ave
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 615-4616
Mr. Sean Caffee
SOCOM 03-010       Selected for Award
Title:Team Transportable Communications/Collection Suite
Abstract:Propse a design to generate a scalable team transportable command center by integrating the JTRS communication backbone into the JTWS collection system. This system is modular in software and hardware. The object oriented, software defined radio is modeled after the OSI protocol stack to abstract applications from specific transport and physical layer instantiations. The hardware modules containing the underlying processing of the software defined radion can be cascaded to process any number of channels.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS CORP.
1875 Campus Commons Drive, Suite 300
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 921-4822
Mr. Michael Phipps
SOCOM 03-010       Selected for Award
Title:Team Transportable Communications/Collection Suite
Abstract:ITAC will research the latest in communication and collection technologies, and develop a plug and play, scaleable architecture to satisfy SOF portable command center needs. At the completion of Phase I, a demonstration will be provided of a seamless communications and collection capability, which can monitor a local communications/electronic warfare environment, coordinate the collection processes of remote sensors and forward deployed field units, correlate data from the various sensors, acquire relevant National information, and provide real-time situational awareness and threat warning to users within the network on meaningful geographic displays. The network based communications infrastructure will acquire data from remote sensors; share data with U.S. and coalition forces in the field; and receive the latest map, imagery and intelligence information from National assets. The broad based analytical tools and communications infrastructure will permit forward deployed forces to take a high-fidelity look at the signals environment and send back advanced signals for analysis. The results of analysis can then be forwarded to deployed units, updating threat information in real-time on the soldiers' threat displays, providing the field units access to analysts and linguists located at a safe location. The modular system will scale to large backpacks, transportable, and rack mountable units.

NEXT CENTURY CORP.
8101 Sandy Spring Road
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 939-2550
Mr. Hyam Singer
SOCOM 03-010       Selected for Award
Title:Team Transportable Communications/Collection Suite
Abstract:Next Century Corporation and Southwest Research Institute have teamed to design and build the Team Transportable (T2) system proposed herein. Our T2 solution is designed to provide forward-deployed ground forces and commanders with an easy-to-deploy, remote, unmanned signal collection and processing front-end from which real-time updates are supplied to forward-deployed team members and to the back-end command post. The T2 solution will need to be sufficiently flexible to be effectively deployed in a variety of mission scenarios including those where:  the risk of a forward-manned cryptologic operation is too high, or  a forward-manned cryptologic operation is inappropriate for the environment or operation, or  expanded electronic force protection capabilities are required to support the SOF commander The T2 system will also need to have the flexibility to support and interface with a variety of antennas, receivers, radios and related systems. Toward that end, a key aspect of our proposed solution is the ability to effectively collaborate with other deployed signal collection and threat warning assets, such as the bodyworn and manpack systems, thereby further enhancing the situational awareness provided to the SOF team. Next Century and SwRI are leveraging the expertise and technology jointly developed by their team for the related SBIR from USSOCOM for the bodyworn Threat Warning System (Topic Number SOCOM02-012). The Next Century / SwRI T2 solution incorporates relevant features of the bodyworn threat warning system, thus ensuring architectural compatibility and interoperability between the two solutions. Our T2 solution also benefits from SwRI's expertise in developing larger command and control SIGINT collection and analysis systems for the United States Navy.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4164
Dr. John Gannon
SOCOM 03-011       Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Vest Designs for Special Operations Forces
Abstract:Special Operations Forces have a diverse set of needs and desires because of the wide variety of mission scenarios and conditions they undertake. This presents significant challenges for the design and manufacture of soldier garments to augment the performance of SOF operators in the field. Foster-Miller and its team have proposed a lightweight, dynamic vest design that will include and/or accommodate various advanced technologies such as integrated textile cabling, power systems, communications equipment, and various sensors. The basis for this vest will be electro-textiles, i.e., textile-based systems fabricated with advanced conductive fibers, that will form an integrated electrical backbone upon which other advanced body borne technologies can be interconnected, swapped, and/or custom configured. (P-030570)

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Kang Lee
SOCOM 03-011       Selected for Award
Title:Versatile, Expandable, Strategic, and Tactical Equipment Carrier
Abstract:To meet SOCOM needs, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Versatile, Expandable, Strategic and Tactical Equipment Carrier (VESTEC) technology to be integrated into the MOLLE (Modular Lightweight Load Carrying Equipment). The VESTEC will make the MOLLE more dynamic and lightweight, and enhance its capability. The VESTEC will be based on modular wearable connectors, adaptable smart pouches, Wired Integrated Texile Seam (WITS) internal communication links, sensor interface, and the Tactile Early-warning Sixth Sense (TESS) subsystem. The VESTEC system will integrate a power source, body sensors, and WITS cables for communications through imbedded fibers that will follow natural fabric contours and seams of the vest. The cabling and associated electronics within the WITS will form a "vest area network" (VAN) for the VESTEC. In Phase I, POC will develop, fabricate, and test a VESTEC model to demonstrate the feasibility of the concept. In Phase II an optimized and rugged engineering prototype will be built that will be tested under laboratory test conditions.

CENTELLAX, INC.
451 Aviation Blvd., Ste. 101
Santa Rosa, CA 95403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 438-7844
Mr. German Gutierrez
SOCOM 03-012       Selected for Award
Title:Broadband Down-converter for SOF
Abstract:The proposed Phase one Project goal is to design and simulate a down converter chip utilizing SiGe that provides pre-amplification, mixing and a flexible scheme of local oscillators to allow any 3 GHz segment of the frequency range between 3 & 40 GHz to be converted to dc-3 GHz for processing with a standard SOCOM 3 GHz receiver. The system architecture utilizes a minimal set of microwave oscillators from previous Centellax designs which are multiplied, divided and switched in a unique manner to provide the required performance and excellent SWaP. The use of 120 GHz Ft BiCMOS SiGe technology provides many advantages. Power consumption is low and the chip size is minimized. Reliability of the Silicon process is well understood and documented, better than GaAs and much better than InP. The process produces 8 inch wafers which makes costs low relative to the other technologies which use 4 or 6 inch wafers. SiGe has become more and more attractive for integrating high frequency subsystems as the Ft has increased in the last three years. Once feasibility is demonstrated in Phase one, specific designs matched to antenna configurations and specific radar requirements will be explored in Phase two.

RDAS, INC.
11003 E.Bradford Circle
Cerritos, CA 90703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 379-4802
Mr. Augustus H. Green,
SOCOM 03-012       Awarded: 22DEC03
Title:Radar Technologies for SOF
Abstract:The proposed effort addresses the threat warning receiver for the SOF through prototype design, development, fabrication, and experimental testing of a miniaturized receiver that: (1) has negligible emissions over a bandwidth of 3 to 40 GHz to preclude detection by an enemy receiver, (2) requires extremely low power to operate, (3) can be easily carried or worn and used by SOF, and (4) lends itself to covert operation. In addition, the development of algorithms that can execute the detection of threat emissions with little or no effort on the part of a SOF, except to turn a TWR on, is a major objective. In addition, RDAS' proposed architecture improves the mobility of the SOF because the size and weight of the TWR is minimized as well as keeping power consumption to a low level. The design philosophy for the proposed receiver is to receive the signals and down convert these signals to a frequency that is compatible with the current digital receiver and processor. This maximizes leveraging of the subsystems that have been developed to date. Furthermore, this design will be consistent with the desired direction finding capabilities associated with other modules and for interfacing with a Body Worn Antenna.

POLICELL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
240 Martin Luther King Blvd
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 621-8877
Dr. Luying Sun
SOCOM 03-013       Awarded: 14NOV03
Title:Battery Modulation for Communications Equipment
Abstract:Policell Technologies Inc. proposes 6 month research effort to demonstrate the feasibility of replacing the lithium BA-5590 with a rechargeable battery. It is proposed to design and develop basic pouch lithium-ion cells that are suitable for assembly of BA-5590 battery and deliver some basic pouch cells to SOCOM by the end of the Phase I program. The battery system will be based on Policell Technologies Inc.'s unique heat-activatable separator membrane and advanced liquid electrolyte or gel polymer electrolyte, using conventional liquid lithium-ion battery electrodes. The research work will be divided into six tasks. By the use of PTI's proprietary heat-activatable separator and advanced electrolyte, the resulting rechargeable lithium-ion cells could offer high energy density (175 watt-hr/kg for cellular phone cell), high rate capability, long cycle life, in particular, low as well as stable impedance during charge-discharge cycling, extended temperature range for cell applications, and improved safety. This heat-activatable separator and the advanced electrolyte technologies are proprietary to Policell Technologies and do not involve any third party licenses. Policell Technologies has developed these technologies over the last two years. The research and development work will be conducted in Policell Technologies Inc.'s facility which is located in Newark, New Jersey. The estimated total cost for this program is $98,980.72.

ULTRALIFE BATTERIES, INC.
2000 Technology Parkway
Newark, NY 14513
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 332-7100
Dr. Xulong Zhang
SOCOM 03-013       Awarded: 03DEC03
Title:Battery Modulation for Communications Equipment
Abstract:The proposed Phase I work is to develop soft pack lithium polymer batteries with high energy density (>175 Wh/kg) and superior temperature performance. Ultralife has been engaged in lithium polymer battery research, development and manufacturing since 1996. Ultralife has achieved several milestones in improving lithium polymer battery performance over the past year. The current Ultralife 34106102 polymer battery has an energy density of 160 Wh/kg with excellent cycling performance and high temperature storage performance (see the attached graphs). The Phase I project will incorporate high capacity cathode/anode active materials and non-flammable electrolytes to reach the capacity and performance requirements. The improved lithium polymer battery could be used in the hybrid portable power system for military and commercial applications. Ultralife will provide 20 cells for SOCOM qualification at the end of the Phase I project.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Mr. Eric D. Lichtenstein
SOCOM 03-014       Awarded: 14JAN04
Title:Reconfigurable All Terrain Vehicle
Abstract:Adaptable soldiers need a highly adaptable, high performance vehicle. The most powerful solution is not to have a single all-purpose vehicle, but rather to have a set of universal modular components that can be configured into whatever vehicle is necessary for the task at hand. A single vehicle would be constructed of as many as 100 universal components, with each component weighing anywhere from 50 to 100 pounds. Each component includes universal joints for physical, stable connections, as well as power and data transfer. Much like an erector set, this modular vehicle could be carried or transported in pieces, and then placed together into any configuration as necessary. A group of 20 soldiers, each carrying a single component, can combine their components to make up four small, light dune-buggy type vehicles, a road-worthy vehicle, or a boat for crossing a river. No special engineering skills are necessary, as all the components are "plug-and-play", and based off of the principles of a children's construction toy, like LEGO or Capsella. Specialized components can be added for specific tasks - pontoons, rudders, and propellers for sea vehicles, cranes and plows for earth moving, or even wings for `ultra-light' type aircraft or gliders.

SABRE ENGINEERING, INC.
5748 W Ken Caryl Pl
Littleton, CO 80128
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 979-8819
Mr. Robert W. Schmitz
SOCOM 03-014       Selected for Award
Title:Development of a Family of Modular Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (FMLTWV)
Abstract:The military requires a new vehicle core concept, one that can be quickly adapted to varying roles and tactical situations. Furthermore, the design must use part communality in order to reduce the impact on logistics. This means that the vehicle will have different models filling diverse roles while sharing a majority of components. Thereby reducing the number of spares required for support. The concept submitted in this proposal not only enables different configurations at the point of manufacture but it also provides for quick and ready adaptation while in the field, with the use of simple hand tools. Furthermore, not only would the vehicles share the same modular drive train components but the essential building blocks for the chassis and bodyworks would also be the same, taking advantage of new engineered materials including extrusions and composites. This new vehicle will also be offered in hybrid and non-hybrid models being able to take advantage of either simple conventional propulsion or the new hybrid propulsion with its reduced fuel requirement, stealth operation, enhanced performance and auxiliary power capability.

SHADOW MOBILITY SYSTEMS
1616 Hodges Ct.
Marina, CA 93933
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(831) 770-1695
Mr. Don Nichols
SOCOM 03-014       Selected for Award
Title:Development of a Family of Modular Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (FMLTWV)
Abstract:Shadow Mobility Systems will develop concepts for a Family of Light Tactical Wheeled Vehicles that are Modular and Common in design to integrate Plug and Play Variant Kits to perform specific missions for US Special Forces Teams.