---------- ARMY ----------

381 Phase I Selections from the 04.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Russell Kurtz
ARMY 04-001       Selected for Award
Title:High Repetition Rate Cavity-Dumped Unified Laser Expandable System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a high peak power directed energy weapon (DEW) system with adjustable PRF and variable burst mode, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new High Repetition Rate Cavity-Dumped Unified Laser Expandable System (HERCULES), a high peak power DEW with significant advantages over current systems. This proposed system is based on variable-rate cavity-dumping by new nonlinear materials that exceed the capabilities of current systems. The HERCULES will generate high peak power pulses with a PRF variable from <1 to >200 kHz while keeping the energy per pulse approximately the same regardless of time between pulses, pulses per burst, or burst rate. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HERCULES by computer modeling and a subscale demonstration prototype. In Phase II POC plans to develop a prototype that can be adapted to current Army man-portable laser systems, and will demonstrate variable PRF up to ~100 kHz without significant drop in energy per pulse.

JDLL, INC.
7302 S. 300 W. #305
Midvale, UT 84047
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 568-3600
Dr. James E. Youngberg
ARMY 04-002       Awarded: 11JAN05
Title:Frame Rate Hyperspectral Target Segmentation
Abstract:Practical use of hyperspectral imagery for target recognition relies on hardware speed and the ability of algorithms to properly separate (segment) targets from image background in the presence of changing illumination. Recent hardware advances have put frame-rate hyperspectral target segmentation on the horizon. Such applications are computationally intense -- requiring over 200 billion arithmetic operations per second. Yet, sensor and ASIC technology will soon be small and fast enough for practical sensing and processing. Algorithm technology for hyperspectral target segmentation is also mostly "there". Basic algorithms descend from developments in earth resource monitoring and a smaller body of military target recognition work. However, key challenges related to illumination must be solved to make the technology robust. JDLL understands these very real practical problems and proposes tasks and a program that will deepen our understanding and address these problems directly and thoroughly. Using simulation, we will probe the physical processes that undermine segmentation and develop algorithms that respond to these processes. Our preliminary research points toward a key innovation of this proposal - an adaptive model for continuously tracking and compensating the effects that shifting illumination hyperspectra have on segmentation algorithms. We propose an adaptive segmentation algorithm based on this model.

ENGINEERING MECHANICS CORP.OF COLUMBUS
3518 Riverside Drive, Suite 202
Columbus, OH 43221
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 459-3200
Dr. Prabhat Krishnaswamy
ARMY 04-003       Awarded: 11JAN05
Title:Innovative Mobile Extrusion Plant for Onsite Fabrication of Ammunition Packaging Materials from Composite Recycled Plastics
Abstract:The proposed Phase I feasibility study examines the possibility of developing a full-mobile extrusion plant capable of manufacturing structural thermoplastic composite lumber (TCL) and plastic piping. Novel concepts to enable the modification of existing equipment into a manufacturing system on skids have been proposed. The intent of such a system is to enable the manufacture of TCL construction materials in exact sizes and quantities as the need arises, on-site using local battlefield debris materials as feedstock as appropriate. Each component of traditional manufacturing system for piping and TCL will be modified using innovative ideas to make it fully-portable and quick assembly for on-site manufacture.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Michael Reznikov
ARMY 04-004       Selected for Award
Title:Self-Powered Incapacitator
Abstract:U.S. Army needs a projectile technology that deliver electrical energy to the target for quick, nonlethal, incapacitation at distances from 6 to 80 m. Such a device should be self-contained and not tethered to a conventional launching platform such as a 40 mm M203 grenade launcher or a 12 gauge shotgun. To address this need, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Self-Powered Incapacitator (SPI) that is a compact electrostatic pulse generator triggered and powered by the initial acceleration of the projectile. It will generate and deliver electric energy from 5 J (in the 12 gauge modified Rubber Rocket) to 50 J (in the 40 mm grenade) with an initial electric current of 15 A and a discharge time of about 2 microseconds that instantly and non-lethally incapacitates the target. The capability of the device to generate an electric charge is enhanced by POC's proprietary polymer embossing technology. The SPI will be charged when it is fabricated, and will retain this electric charge over decades. The electric energy delivered does not depend on the distance to the target.

ASTRON WIRELESS TECHNOLIGIES, INC.
22560 Glenn Drive, Suite 114
Sterling, VA 20164
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 450-5517
Mr. Josehph R. Jahoda
ARMY 04-005       Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Bandwidth High Power RF Antenna
Abstract:The objective of the Phase 1, SBIR Topic A04-005, "Adaptive Bandwidth High Power RF Antennas," is to develop a broadband (a minimum of 2:1, up to, say, 6:1 or even 10:1 bandwidth) high gain (12 dBi minimum), operating in the HF/VHF and VHF/UHF bands, high power (300 KW at a 50% duty cycle) antenna. The maximum customer preferred size (VHF/UHF) is 1.2 meters diameter and 2 meters long, maximum. For the lower frequency (HF/VHF) of operation the maximum size is 2 meters in diameter and 3 meters long.

THE HALEAKALA RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC.
7 Martin Road
Brookfield, MA 01506
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 867-3918
Dr. Theodore R. Anderson
ARMY 04-005       Selected for Award
Title:Two Nested Plasma Antennas and Two Stacked Plasma Antenna Arrays at VHF/UHF and HF/VHF Antenna Arrays at VHF/UHF and HF/VHF
Abstract:The Haleakala Research & Development Inc. will develop and analyze two plasma antennas in which the higher frequency VHF/UHF is nested inside the lower frequency HF/VHF antenna or a VHF/UHF plasma antenna array stacked with a HF/VHF plasma antenna array in which the higher frequency plasma antenna array propagates through the lower frequency plasma antenna array. This effort will support the PEO Ammunition Acquisition Program. We can do this with plasma but not with metal because of the properties of plasma physics. Because of the properties of plasma physics high gain and aperture can be achieved above and beyond that of a metal antenna of the same size by matching the plasma frequency to the antenna operating frequency of the antenna. By nesting and stacking the plasma antennas we can achieve high power, high bandwidth, and compactness. Our nested plasma antenna design will a minimum gain of 12 dBi over as wide a frequency band at HF/VHF with a maximum size of 2 meters in diameter and 3 meters in length ) and another similar antenna at VHF/UHF with a maximum size of 1.2 meters in diameter and 2 meters long.

ENGINEERED COATINGS, INC.
P.O. Box 4702
Parker, CO 80134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 593-0588
Dr. Frank M. Kustas
ARMY 04-006       Awarded: 05JAN05
Title:Thick PVD Cermet and Graded DLC Coatings for Lubrication-Free Weapon Parts
Abstract:Engineered Coatings, Inc. (ECI) and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) propose to investigate thick ceramic & metal (cermet) and semiconductor or metal-doped diamondlike carbon (DLC) physical vapor deposited (PVD) coatings over thick PVD metal underlayers as low-friction, corrosion-resistant surfaces for small-arm weapon components. Engineered Coatings and SwRI plan to mitigate the issues with electro and electroless-deposition coatings (e.g., tensile residual stress, reduced adhesion/durability and hazardous effluents) by using dry PVD processing and coating-compositional-grading to control coating stress and thus improve coating adhesion/toughness and durability. In addition, using a thick, dense PVD metal barrier underlayer will eliminate migration of the corrosion solution to the underlying substrate. Doping of DLC coatings will substantially improve coating adhesion/toughness without appreciably affecting the inherent low-friction solid lubricating and wear-resistant behavior. In addition, SwRI will investigate plasma ion immersion processing (PIIP) as a non-line-of-sight method with integral ion implantation followed by coating growth to ensure good coating adhesion. Coatings will be tested for corrosion resistance by salt-fog immersion and mechanical/tribological performance by scratch, indentation, and ball-on-disk friction/wear testing (in dry and contaminated oil). Weapon component parts will be demonstration-coated in the Phase I option program.

UNIVERSAL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
7825 SW Ellipse Way
Stuart, FL 34997
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 223-6699
Dr. Yancy W. Riddle
ARMY 04-006       Selected for Award
Title:Lubrication Free Small Arms Weapons Coatings
Abstract:A suitable small arms weapon will be disassembled, and parts evaluated for the potential to remove and replace metal coatings with a single coating. In order for this single coating to be successful it must exhibit improved properties that decrease the overall cost of the weapon and allow the weapon to operate without wet lubrication. Universal Chemical Technologies' Inc. coating UltraCem(r), which is an electroless Ni-B coating will be evaluated for this purpose. The most severe cases of abrasive wear, sliding wear, and impact for subassemblies in the weapon will be stripped and re-coated. An accelerated battery of tests between OEM coated parts and UltraCem(r) parts will provide the data necessary to recommend UltraCem as the single coating that solves the problem stated and allows dry operation of the weapon.

MAXPOWER, INC.
220 Stahl Road
Harleysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 513-4230
Dr. David Chua
ARMY 04-008       Selected for Award
Title:Long Storage Life Active Battery
Abstract:Recent novel researches by MaxPower have shown that several high energy density Li batteries can be developed to perform as an active battery specifically designed to replace reserve munitions batteries. MaxPower will employ several new approaches to develop this active munitions battery with unique properties such as high rate discharge, high capacity and energy density, very large operational temperature range capability (-46?C to 63?C), and an extended shelf life of 20 years storage at temperatures ranging from -54?C to 74?C. MaxPower's approaches to develop the technology for this active munitions battery involve R&D on high energy density cathode materials, and electrolyte solutions which are highly conductive at low temperatures and which are thermally and electrochemically stable over the required temperature ranges.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
32 Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Dr. Pavel Bystricky
ARMY 04-009       Selected for Award
Title:Harvesting of Rifle Recoil Energy
Abstract:KaZaK Composites proposes to design and demonstrate a device for harvesting energy from rifle recoil associated with firing projectiles. The innovative device will use piezoelectric generators coupled with a load transfer mechanism to convert shock from firing into electrical energy, providing for supplemental charging of batteries. The device will be compact enough to fit into the space available inside an M16 or M4 rifle buttstock, with no modification required to its external geometry. When implemented using novel high performance single crystal piezoelectric materials, the device will have the potential to generate enough power to operate various hardware used by soldiers in the field. Being compact and self-contained, the device will be easy to incorporate into new rifles and retrofit into existing ones. Perhaps the most attractive feature of the system, in contrast to regular batteries, is its potentially unlimited operating life. KaZaK will draw upon our directly related experience with harvesting energy from cannon fire to allow us to produce and demonstrate a full scale prototype device in Phase I. In addition, a novel usage for the energy harvested from rifle shots that addresses the intermittent availability of recoil generated power will be evaluated.

DE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3620 Horizon Drive
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 832-7570
Mr. Mark E. Majerus
ARMY 04-010       Selected for Award
Title:Novel Wall Penetration Munition
Abstract:The Army's SBIR Topic A04-010, Innovative Wall Penetration Munition, seeks a munition capable of penetrating an 8-inch concrete wall that also features a follow-through effect. DE Technologies Inc herein proposes to investigate the adaptation of their high performance small munitions designs to the M433 High Explosive Dual Purpose Grenade. Coupled with the advanced shaped charge liner design is the inclusion of an energetic material that follows the jet through the concrete wall to promote additional lethality or disorienting effects. This technology approach is highly desirable as it modifies an approved munition and works with the current M203 delivery system. This approach minimizes the impact on the training, integration, support and logistics associated with new weapon systems and provides the soldier a more effective MOUT tool in a shorter development cycle.

MECHANICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
1719 Rt. 10 East, Suite 305
Parsippany, NJ 07054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9920
Mr. William Marscher
ARMY 04-010       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Wall Penetration Munition
Abstract:MSI has conceived a novel wall penetration and behind-wall-activated munition in lethal and nonlethal varieties. The U.S. Army currently does not possess a compact, man-portable weapon specifically designed to breach structure walls and deliver a submunition of choice (lethal or nonlethal) to an enemy that is sheltered within the building's interior. The proposed project develops such a weapon in the form of a small two-part munition (approximately 40mm) with a disposable launcher. By combining kinetic energy penetrator and shaped-charge technologies in an innovative manner that will exploit the elastic wave response of target structures, MSI is confident that it can successfully construct such a weapon. In particular, through proposal preparation research, MSI has determined that inexpensive micromachined silicon accelerometers and piezoelectric technology can be applied effectively to shaped charges timed to enhance penetration the design of fuze mechanisms for the munition, as well as to create "smart" submunitions that would be delivered to the enemy by the weapon in a piggy-back and optimally oriented fashion after the wall is breached. MSI has assembled an outstanding team of munitions consultants along with its seasoned staff of engineers, in order to ensure successful implementation of this important and timely project.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Ching-Fang Lin
ARMY 04-011       Awarded: 11JAN05
Title:Wireless Wide Area Networked Precision Geolocation for Combat Decision Aids System
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate, evaluate, and demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative Integrated Communication and Wireless Wide Area Networked Precision Geolocation system for generic multi-agent high-performance real-time Combat Decision Aids System (CDAS) for Future Combat System. This geolocation system will provide precision interruption-free position for multiple tracking of personnel, robots, UGV and other combat platforms, in complicated environments and terrains. The developed Intelligent Precision Geolocation system components can be easily integrated with ARDEC?s CDAS for Future Combat System (FCS), Objective Force Warrior, Land Warrior and Homeland Defense applications. Integrated with CDAS, this system allows every combat member to be linked through an intelligent network that provides Precision Geolocation and other information to each other. During this Phase I project, an innovative type of Wireless Wide Area Networked module will be integrated into the geolocation system that will perform network communication, improve geolocation accuracy, and increase the tracking area coverage at the same time. A suite of communication/ranging control approaches and algorithms will be implemented and tested. The integration approach of system information will be designed and tested.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ms. Karen A. Harper
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Architecture for Decision Aid Development and Deployment (AD3)
Abstract:The network centric nature of the future force will allow unprecedented levels of coordination, distributed situation awareness, and distributed decision-making. However, decision-makers must be able to manage the masses of data available to them to maintain situation awareness and make the right decision at the right time. To help them, decision aiding tools will be required. Deploying decision aids throughout the future force presents engineering challenges due to differences in types of information, information resolution, and form factor requirements. To enable developers to deploy decision aids that meet the requirements of each unique application, we propose to develop an Architecture for Decision Aid Development and Deployment (AD3), a software architecture allowing developers to build decision-aiding interfaces, regardless of information or form factor requirements, by: 1) using a component-based architecture promoting re-use and extension of functionality; 2) including a library of components encapsulating communication protocols with external systems, algorithms to handle computational needs of decision aids, and HCI widgets to provide an interface with the end user; 3) incorporating a graphical agent builder allowing developers to create and configure decision aids with minimal added programming; and finally 4) including a graphical interface builder allowing developers to create integrated decision aid interfaces.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 618-1060
Mr. Ken Graves
ARMY 04-011       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Common Technical/Tactical Fire Control Interface (CT2FC)
Abstract:The future force battlespace will contain numerous different mounted and dismounted armament systems that must action fire directives from netted effects control cells which may mix and match weapon systems as required to attack targets. Each weapon system has different user interfaces and control stations with which to translate tactical fire control directives into technical fire control weapon pointing data. This leads to lack of interoperability between many systems, especially when one must combine BLOS, NLOS, and LOS weapon systems on a target in order to achieve desired effects. Making the systems interoperable tends to be extremely expensive. We propose to develop a user reconfigurable common fire control interface to perform tactical fire control at netted effects nodes, and to perform technical fire control at any NLOS, BLOS, or LOS weapon platform. We will develop a common interface description which accounts for multiple weapon systems technical fire control messaging and ballistic kernels, and then develop a prototype user interface demonstration at the end of Phase I. The effort will use existing netted fires components in the ARDEC CDAS architecture to perform tactical fire control, and interface these components to various technical fire control systems such as the NATO ballistic kernel.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Dr. Chris Lomont
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Modular Agent-Based Component Architecture
Abstract:Cybernet proposes to create a software architecture that will allow off-the-shelf autonomous software agents to make use of artificial intelligence (AI) modules to solve a number of problems in the Army weapons fire domain. This system will be designed for compatibility with Future Combat Systems (FCS) by making it compliant with the System of Systems Common Operating Environment (SoS COE) specification. A number of AI techniques will be explored, including belief networks (Bayesian, Dempster-Shafer), rule-based systems, goal-directed systems, and constraint programming systems.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5001
Mr. Mike Colony
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Intelligent Agent and Cognitive Decision Aids Component Technology
Abstract:The Army's Future Combat System (FCS) initiative aims to enable the army's transformation into a more strategically responsive force, capable of rapid deployment and effective operations in all types of military operations. Enabling this initiative is the concept of Net-Centric Warfare (NCW). The network-centric fires management component of FCS, however, faces the challenge of adequately processing the vast amounts of NCW-related data into meaningful knowledge as it pursues its objective of providing seamless integration, synchronization and optimization of fires and effects for assets within the FCS Unit of Action. The DAC team will address this challenge by applying innovative technologies to provide commanders with an intelligent, agent-based Fires Management System (FMS). We will accomplish this through three main objectives. First, we will implement an architecture that provides a component-based framework that allows for rapid configuration and deployment of intelligent, information-processing agents. Second, we will apply innovative techniques for information fusion that transform collected data into knowledge representations that can be used by decision support components. And finally, we will apply decision optimization and predictive analysis methods that effectively use the knowledge representation to emulate cognitive decision processes, thus providing decision support to consumer systems, commanders and fielded units

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION CORP.
13029 Danielson Street, Suite 200
Poway, CA 92064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 679-4140
Dr. Akhilesh Maewal
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Distributed Decision Support System for Networked Fire Management
Abstract:The Future Combat Systems (FCS) will produce the most sophisticated war fighting system in the history of warfare. The FCS program aims to leverage advances in information technology with continuous, high-speed, digitized communications within a joint armed forces structure to achieve one of the most profound transformations ever seen in the U. S. armed services. That such transformations may lead to a revolutionary leap in the effectiveness of our forces has already been proved in recent overseas operations undertaken by our military. A prerequisite to the realization of the vision for transforming our forces is the development of software and hardware systems that not only provide intelligent support to soldiers and commanders in the battlefield to assist them in performance of mission critical tasks but also automate many of such tasks. Here, IAC addresses the need for an intelligent software infrastructure for decision support for the future digital battlefield. This system features distributed intelligent agents which analyze sensor data, war fighter input, and historical data to make optimal decisions under dynamic and uncertain conditions for network centric fire management, execution, and control, and provides an extensible and open architecture that allows rapid deployment of pluggable software components for decision support.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5255
Dr. Wilbur Peng
ARMY 04-011       Awarded: 05JAN05
Title:An Agent-Based Component Architecture for Cognitive Decision Support
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I effort, we propose an architectural framework and design methodology for cognitive decision aids based on software agents which addresses the fundamental challenge of creating agile decision support systems that can be rapidly adapted for evolving system configurations and requirements. The basis of this approach is an agent-based component model and a library of formally defined protocols and roles that describe the interactions between cognitive decision components. During system execution, each component is instantiated as a software agent with specified execution properties. The system components include bounded-time reasoning and planning components, sensor fusion components, and human interface components. The approach will support flexible composition of decision aid systems using reusable cognitive components. We will further demonstrate how an integrated software development tool-chain can be used to enable rapid design, testing and realization of different system configurations. The approach will be illustrated using in a prototype component model, architecture specification and decision-aid use case using in a networked fires application. In this Phase I effort, we will focus on formulation the overall methodology and architecture for creating agile, adaptable decision aid components and systems.

PROLOGIC, INC.
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 3140
Fairmont, WV 26554
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 334-2142
Mr. Robert Cowling
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Intelligent Agent and Cognitive Decision Aids Component Technology
Abstract:The proposed innovation is a Situational Assessment and Warfighter Analysis Framework (SAWAF) to support analysis and assessment of network centric fire support and probable courses of action. The core of this architecture is the ability to host a variety of intelligent agent based algorithms/solvers through a shared tuple space. A tuple space is a highly structured, distributable approach to complex blackboard problems. Nominally, each tuple consists of an Object/Value or an Object/Attribute/Value pairing. For this project, a tuple has an extended, precise nomenclature to allow for consistent integration between the many tools that are able to plug into this architecture. The tuple for this project consists of two parts - the preamble and the factoid. The preamble consists of the creator of the factoid, an associated priority, a confidence placed on the factoid, and the spatio-temporal constraints. The factoid itself is comprised of an Object/Attribute/Value pairing based on the specific domain of situation awareness/netted fires.

ROBOTICS RESEARCH CORP.
101 Landy Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45215
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 831-9570
Mr. James D. Farrell
ARMY 04-011       Awarded: 05JAN05
Title:Innovative Intelligent Agent and Cognitive Decision Aids Component Technology
Abstract:A critical element of network centric fires management deals with overarching resupply logistics and sustainment issues. Effective sustainment will involve collaboration among intelligent software logistics agents to plan, distribute and coordinate the FCS resupply effort in a real-time, netcentric environment. Furthermore, a required complementary technology will consist of configurable, adaptable, plug and play, netcentric man-machine interface (MMI) agent components to facilitate the verification, interrogation and modification of the dynamic sustainment maneuvers orchestrated by logistic agents. Schedules, transport assets and routes, depot inventory, payload descriptions, etc. from the logistics agents will be fused and mapped into graphically interactive representations by the MMI agents. The MMI will enable constraints, payloads, priorities, etc. to be altered, which will redirect the efforts of the logistics agents. This program will demonstrate the dynamic interaction of distributed logistics agents with netcentric MMI agents to provide exceptional visual decision aids. This program will accomplish the following tasks: 1- Simulate FCS resupply scenarios, in which the logistics agents collectively formulate the best deployment of resources. 2- Provide netcentric, mobile, highly interactive MMI agents, which graphically and dynamically convey the FCS resupply deployment maneuvers with respect to payload distribution, transport routes, schedules, etc. for human interpretation, modification, and verification.

SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS CO., INC.
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Dr. Ssu-Hsin Yu
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Bayesian Networks Cognitive Decision Aids Components for Battlefield Management
Abstract:The focus of this proposal is to develop a suite of decision aids components to accomplish planning/replanning, learning, and inference. These components can then be assembled into applications to accommodate different needs and perspectives at different levels of the command structure. The particular components to be developed include (1) Influence Diagram component, (2) Bayesian Networks Inference component, (3) Bayesian Networks Learning component, and (4) Genetic Algorithm component. The Genetic Algorithm component and the Influence Diagram component allow users to generate and rank a set of alternative decisions, and enable users to evaluate the effects of changing events on a selected strategy. The Bayesian Networks Inference component allows users to maintain their situation awareness by propagating new information to all decision points which that information can affect. Adaptation of the decision aid process as new information becomes available is accomplished in the Bayesian Networks Learning component. Due the modular representation of knowledge of the Bayesian network structures and the ability of the Genetic algorithms to handle diverse optimization problems, the proposed components are scalable and sufficiently flexible to accommodate the needs of different decision aid applications. The project team consists of Scientific Systems Company, Inc. (SSCI) as the prime contractor, and the Boeing Company as the sub-contractor.

SENTAR, INC.
4900 University Square, Suite 8
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Mr. Dale Brown
ARMY 04-011       Awarded: 04JAN05
Title:Logistics Agent-based Algorithm Test-bed (LAAT)
Abstract:In this proposal, Sentar Inc. presents plans for a Logistics Agent-based Algorithm Test-bed (LAAT). LAAT will address problems associated with FCS logistics by utilizing state-of-the-technology software agents to support rapid prototyping, implementation, integration, and testing of logistics assessment algorithms. This novel concept is to feed FCS network centric health and usage monitoring information into the LAAT environment for use by LAAT developed logistics algorithms to validate and facilitate logistics actions. The LAAT environment is comprised of special-purpose logistics and agent-based software tools.  Sentar's KnoWebr tool to create the logistics algorithm environment titled, KALAE (KnoWebr Agent-based Logistics Algorithm Environment).  SPARTA's LogMAIT tool to take logistics action based on the results from KALAE. LAAT will provide realistic evaluation of these algorithms and ensure their utility within the FCS/Logistics Decision Support System (LDSS) environment. LAAT will utilize existing tools including software agent-based dynamic distributed problem solving, logistics management tool and the early SOSCOE capabilities (if available) to replicate key parts of the FCS environment and evaluate proposed algorithms. To ensure success, Sentar has formed a team of engineers and scientists from Sentar and their partner, SPARTA, to provide key technical skills and operational experience. Sentar delivers experts in agent-based software technology and logistics while SPARTA delivers in depth logistics expertise and working knowledge of the FCS program components. Working together, this team will develop the LAAT concept and design.

TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
1845 Northwestern, Suite B
El Paso, TX 79912
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(915) 877-3366
Mr. John R. Robbins
ARMY 04-011       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Intelligent Agent and Cognitive Decision Aids Component Technology
Abstract:Decision aids, in the perspective of the soldier, exist to assist him in seven distinct operational areas - Plan, Deploy, Detect, Evaluate, Decide, Deliver, and Sustain. These represent "stages" of military operations - and at any stage the soldier may be required to fall back to planning, and a repeat of the process. Decision aids must be accessible to the soldier in such a way as to easily, and intuitively, allow for the soldier to request and obtain assistance. The objective of this effort is the continuing development of a JTA-A compliant "tool-kit" for Intelligent Decision Aiding of Remotely Deployed Unmanned Systems, both Ground (UGS) and Air (UAVs) supporting Munitions and Sensor operations. Intelligent aiding of planning, control and effective employment of missing payloads includes target area coverage, enemy movement, placement/engagement area selection as well as generation of tactical messages for fire support and control of fires. The resulting decision aiding "toolkit" for UGS and UAV will be created by using a combination of analytical and cognitive decision processes implemented in reusable software components conforming to The Weapons System Technical Architecture Working Group (WSTAWG) framework and Appendix F of the JTA-A.

DYNAMIC MACHINE WORKS, INC.
12 Suburban Park Drive
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 667-0202
Mr. Kevin McGinley
ARMY 04-012       Selected for Award
Title:Novel High Strength, High Precision, High Ductility Warhead Case Material
Abstract:Dynamic Machine Works, Inc. ("Dynamic") proposes to conduct extensive research and development on a combination of advanced materials and advanced processes that will result in the creation of revolutionary Warheads. Specifically, Dynamic can develop a more advanced, higher-strength, thinner, lighter, higher-value Warhead than is currently available if it combines a new generation of high-end materials with its innovative fabrication process, referred to as "flowforming." The final step in the new Warhead production process - knurling square patterns on the Warhead case - will create optimal fragmentation areas, thus making the Warheads even more effective.

ASPEN SYSTEMS, INC.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Dr. Somesh Mukherjee
ARMY 04-013       Selected for Award
Title:Novel Use of Magnesium Composites to Reduce Weight of Mortar Systems
Abstract:Metal matrix composites(MMC) has increasing applications in aerospace, transportation and military fields due to its high specific strength and stiffness. Magnesium (Mg) with a density of approximately two-thirds of aluminum is the lightest structural material. MMCs fabricated from magnesium thus provide an attractive alternative to Al based MMCs for use in future engineering applications. Despite this advantage, the study of Mg based MMCs remains fairly limited because of its poor corrosion resistance. Aspen proposes to design superior corrosion resistance Mg alloy based composites by changing its alloy chemistry, providing a simple, yet innovative coating technique and state of the art fabrication technique for processing Mg-based composites

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. Sion Pickard
ARMY 04-013       Selected for Award
Title:Corrosion Resistant Squeeze Cast Net Shape Magnesium Composite Components
Abstract:In this Phase I Innovation research program, MER will develop light weight, high strength and high stiffness magnesium matrix composites in the form of sub scale prototype parts for mortar applications. Strategies will be developed to minimize potential galvanic corrosion, using selected high strength fillers and high purity level alloys. Net shape parts with volume loading of filler ranging from 20-75% will be constituted from particulate and fiber including carbon fiber, alumina and SiC by low cost squeeze casting. Specific composite formulation will be chosen based on army input of strength and stiffness requirements in the field. Phase I will prove feasibility of light weight magnesium matrix composite parts with high strength, stiffness and corrosion resistance.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Mr. Jacob Alexander
ARMY 04-014       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Design for Lightweight Modular Intermodal Pallet Containers(L-MIPC)(1000-562)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. proposes a lightweight, low-cost, composite material design for future modular containers such that when 16 of these containers/pallets are joined together they form a 20' ISO equivalent unit. The composite lightweight modular intermodal pallet containers (L-MIPC) will be durable, corrosion resistant, leak proof, fire- retardant, and environmentally friendly. Triton will engineer and optimize the advanced thermoplastic or thermoset PMC materials for lightweight and to meet the performance requirements with unit cost as the primary driver. With its high strength-to-weight ratio, comparable stiffness, and energy absorption properties, engineered PMC offers significant potential for weight savings (30-40%), over aluminum designs. Triton proposes to use its FX polyphosphonate, a novel polymer additive, for flame retardancy in the resin system. Triton's proposed L-MIPC design would greatly support DoD logistics by eliminating banding, blocking and bracing required for the current ISO containers and would replace many other platforms. Retrograde operations would be significantly enhanced in both the DoD and commercial logistics world. The proposed design will mate with existing cargo handling equipment, allow intermodal transportability, support future combat systems (FCS) delivery and be a significant enabler for sea-basing operations.

METROLASER, INC.
2572 White Road
Irvine, CA 92614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Dr. Bauke Heeg
ARMY 04-015       Selected for Award
Title:Fiber-Optic Explosive Detection Device
Abstract:In this proposal, we outline a plan to develop a novel ultra-compact fiber-optic Raman device for the detection of a variety of explosives. Its novelty is based on a sample cell design that allows enhanced overlap between the excitation laser and the gas sample, as well as more efficient signal collection. By optimizing laser source, sample cell and signal collection, ultra-sensitive detection to < 10 ppb may be achieved with this all-optical approach. Due to the specificity with the Raman technique, virtually zero false alarms can be obtained. Further, the proposed Raman device is all-optical and does not require any sample preparation or special materials for signal transduction. Further, the approach allows for a significant improvement in ruggedness compared to conventional designs. We outline the operational principles of the proposed system and the anticipated performance envelope, including a noise-reduction scheme. For Phase I, we propose to develop a breadboard system for analysis of critical performance and design parameters, determine the suitability for practical use under a variety of environmental conditions, and deliver a conceptual prototype design to be produced in Phase II.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Dr. Mark Fisher
ARMY 04-015       Selected for Award
Title:Detection of Munitions in Used Packing Materials
Abstract:Munitions and detonable residues of energetic materials in used munitions containers represent a significant safety hazard to operations personnel and equipment. Besides the possibility of containing unexploded munitions, munitions containers are contaminated with explosives residues ranging in concentration from surface contamination to mass detonable quantities of explosives. While trace surface contamination does not pose a detonation risk, larger (bulk) quantities of explosive residue pose a substantial detonation risk. Given the large quantity containers used to ship munitions, technologies capable of rapid and accurate screening of munitions containers for munitions and mass detonable quantities of explosives are needed. Nomadics proposes to use our proven Fido explosives detection technology configured specifically to meet this urgent need. The project will involve characterization of the target materials, modification of the sampling system to support detection of munitions in packing materials, integration of the modified sampling system with the Fido detection platform, and demonstration of the system's effectiveness against the desired target in realistic scenarios. In Phase II, we will further optimize the munitions detection prototype and move toward a design that meets the system requirements while being capable of large-scale production.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CORP.
10 Basil Sawyer Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 957-2421
Dr. Santosh K Srivastava
ARMY 04-015       Selected for Award
Title:Development of a Person portable GPS mounted Internet ready Explosive Sensor
Abstract:It is proposed to develop an ultra-sensitive, remotely operated, person portable, GPS mounted and internet ready explosive detector of novel design. It will consist of an ion source based on the elactro-spray ionization source for which 2002 Nobel Prize was awarded to Prof. John Fenn. His student,Dr. S. Fuerstenau,whose Ph.D. theses was based on this source is a consultant/collaboraotr of this proposal.This source will be modified to soft ionize explosive molecules present in the form of vapors in the ambient air with a very high efficiency. The ions of explosives will then be introduced into a miniature vacuum system through a device, recently developed by the P.I., called "Supersonic Pulsed Jet Separator, SPJS" in the form of short bursts, thereby reducing the pumping requirements which make a mass spectrometer based instruments bulky, heavy, and power consuming. The ions will be mass analyzed by a miniature time-of-flight mass spectrometer, also recently developed by the P.I., and detected by a charged particle detector. During first phase of the proposed work the following will be accomplished: 1) Design, build, and test the electro-spray ionization source, 2) fabricate the SPJS, 3) test the combination for its ability to convert explosive molecules into ions and measure the efficiency of this conversion, and 4) prepare a conceptual design of a person portable detector that will be fabricated during phase 2 of the proposed work.

NOKOMIS, INC.
6510 Brownsville Rd
Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 650-6236
Mr. Walter J. Keller
ARMY 04-016       Awarded: 11JAN05
Title:Super-Efficient Minimal Profile Omni-Directional Antennas for Low Power Applications
Abstract:The need for efficient omni-directional low power internal antennas in military and civilian applications has grown rapidly for the last decade. This research seeks to develop a low profile high performance internal antenna technology with minimal overall volumetric requirements for transceivers operating between 425 MHz and 435 MHz. The end goal of the research is to develop an antenna product that will enhance the Army's Remote Readiness Asset Prognostic/Diagnostic System (RRAPDS). This effort will focus on the use of robust flexible and semi-flexible laminates with favorable material properties combined with innovative antenna structures that perform efficiently in the near vicinity of circuit boards, board components and non-conductive cases.

PHARAD LLC
1500 South Edgewood Street
Baltimore, MD 21227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 562-5253
Dr. Rodney Waterhouse
ARMY 04-016       Selected for Award
Title:Ultra thin Super-Efficient Antennas for Low Power Monitoring System
Abstract:Pharad proposes to develop an efficient low profile miniature printed antenna that can be used for monitoring the environmental health status of munitions. The new printed antenna incorporates two innovative strategies to reduce the overall size of the radiator without compromising its efficiency. As a consequence of the techniques used to reduce the volume of the antenna, in particular its thickness, the antenna can easily be fabricated using simple printed circuit board procedures resulting in a low cost solution. We will use rigorous full-wave analysis tools to accurately model the new printed antenna and develop a design methodology for the radiating element such that it can be used for other applications where antenna real estate must be minimized. In Phase I of this project we will fabricate and test prototypes of the proposed antenna. We will also investigate ultra-thin and flexible material on which the miniature antenna can be mounted.

RM ASSOC.
1211 Deerfield Drive
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 865-1298
Dr. Raj Mittra
ARMY 04-016       Selected for Award
Title:Super-Efficient Omni-Directional Antennas for Low Power Wireless Ammunition
Abstract:The objective of this effort would be to investigate several candidate designs for a Super-Efficient Omni-Directional Antenna for Low Power Wireless Ammunition "Health" Monitoring Systems, and to explore the use of dielectric materials, including metamaterials, for the purpose of size reduction without compromising the antenna performance. The design will be carried out by using a new antenna modeling tool for handling complex structures, viz., the CFDTD and it parallel version, developed by RMA for the DoD. The advantages of using the code is that is very versatile and that it has been validated by the Navy over a two-year period during which they have thoroughly tested the code for a wide variety of antenna designs. Typically, the monopole is a good candidate for omni patterns. However, the monopole design is not conformal and, hence, we would need to investigate alternate configurations for the sensor that meet the specifications given above. Recently, under an SBIR subcontract, RMA has developed a number of antenna designs that are low-profile in nature, and our plan is to explore the possibility of tailoring some of these proven designs for the problem at hand.

ELECTRONICS DEVELOPMENT CORP.
9055F Guilford Road
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 312-6665
Mr. John Gautz
ARMY 04-017       Selected for Award
Title:No-Preset Autonomous Proximity (NPAP) Fuzing-Med Cal Munitions
Abstract:Some non-lethal systems require that they be initiated at an optimum standoff distance from the intended target so that can be properly deployed. The target will generally be personnel in an urban environment and will be engaged by infantry using hand held weapons. A typical asset used for launching these non-lethal weapons will be Mk19 Grenade Machine Gun in an essentially direct fire role. As a result the projectile trajectory will be relatively flat. A promising solution is to develop a proximity sensor capable of detecting the proper standoff without any presetting. Although we have selected a Microwave Sensor as the primary approach we will conduct tradeoff studies to verify that choice. In particular, an Active Laser Fuze will be considered. In addition, tradeofs will conducted on various implementations of these approaches. A set of selection criteria will be used to evaluate designs including reliability, size, accuracy and cost.

TIME DOMAIN CORP.
7057 Old Madison Pike, Suite 250
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-6461
Mr. Herbert Fluhler
ARMY 04-017       Selected for Award
Title:No-Preset Autonomous Proximity (NPAP) Fuzing-Med Cal Munitions
Abstract:This project develops a simple, reliable proximity fuze for 40mm grenades. The fuze will use ultra wideband (UWB) radar, providing reliable, accurate performance in spite of obscurants. The inherent characteristics of UWB (excellent resolution, interference rejection, multipath immunity) will make the fuze accurate. Recent and on-going development of UWB integrated circuits at Time Domain Corporation (TDC) will enable a simple, small, and affordable radar. Starting with recent work by TDC on a UWB radar fuze, TDC will analyze designs, concentrating especially on cost, size, and reliability. Only designs compatible with existing launchers and providing no-preset operation will be considered. Phase I yields the top level design, mathematical analysis of performance, system and board level requirements, and plans to proceed. Phase II provides a working prototype(s) and demonstrates performance. Within Phase II funding and depending on related development, the prototypes may not be small enough to fit within the grenade. Typical development of miniaturized RF equipment begins with larger prototypes for initial testing and proceeds to smaller unit for volume production. Successful completion of Phases I and II of this project results in the design of a simple, reliable 40mm proximity fuze based on UWB radar.

PERSONNEL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES LLC
50 Mollbrook Drive
Wilton, CT 06897
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 762-7910
Dr. Lester Kosowsky
ARMY 04-018       Selected for Award
Title:Near-Vehicle Situational Awareness and Omnidirectional Weapons Detection System
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Ground/Sea Vehicles, Sensors Technology Area and entails the development of a suite of video (visual and IR) and radar sensors for detecting and declaring the presence of near vehicle threats. Opportunistic hostile attacks present a constant threat to US troops while in ground-combat vehicles. Existing ground weapons detection and near-vehicle situational awareness technologies are limited in terms of sensor field of view, range, size, and reliable target detection and location, especially while the vehicles are in motion. Our novel combination of video and radar, offers a performance region that, for both situation awareness and detection of random lethal attacks, is a minimum of 30-200 meters.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Andrew Kostrzewski
ARMY 04-018       Selected for Award
Title:Real-Time Stereoscopic Catadioptric Omni-Detection System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for an omnidirectional weapons detection system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Real-time Stereoscopic Catadioptric Omni-detection (RESCO) system based on omnidirectional optical sensors, acoustic sensors, and compact, high-performance real-time processing hardware for motion stabilized target detection and locating. RESCO motion stabilization will exploit the spatial and temporal/motion information inherent in video data to significantly increase detection rates and decrease false alarms. The stereoscopic omnidirectional video system will detect and locate a threat with ultrawide field-of-view at >150 fps with ultrahigh resolution. Its visual and infrared imaging sensors will enable it to operate day/night, while acoustic sensors incorporated into the omnidirectional video system will enhance location precision with real-time sensor fusion. The data processing will be done in dedicated hardware with a high-performance data processing engine. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of RESCO by demonstrating the high-resolution omnidirectional video system with detection and locating capability as a proof-of-concept system. In Phase II POC plans to build a fully functional real-time omnidirectional weapons detection and location system, and to perform field testing with moving vehicles in an urban area.

TECHNOLOGY FOCUS LLC
P.O. Box 142
Covina, CA 91723
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 281-5921
Dr. Francis A. Reed
ARMY 04-019       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Wireless, Self-Mapping Small Baseline Acoustic Array
Abstract:The Army needs small acoustic sensors that can provide good angle estimation at low frequencies. The TecFocus/CornerTurn team proposes to show the feasibility of a small baseline acoustic sensor for in-air use based upon pressure gradient microphone concepts proven in Navy sonars. To assure an adequate demonstration of feasibility a limited field demonstration of a sensor unit using either recorded or simulated vehicle radiated noise will be performed. This demonstration will utilize a prototype sensor unit and PC-based (non-real time) processing to estimate the bearing of in-air signals, providing a measurement of bearing accuracy under realistic conditions. This will be supplemented by an analysis of bearing estimation performance under more general conditions, as well as the sensitivity of bearing accuracy to practical limitations such as fidelity of microphone directional response and the amplitude/phase errors of the microphone channels. Bearing accuracy will be extrapolated to Army signals and scenarios to provide an indication of bearing accuracy as a function of target range. A preliminary system concept, including requirements for microphones, pre-amplification and A/D conversion, signal processing, and wireless link will be developed in sufficient detail to support development of a complete prototype in Phase II.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Mr. John Bulluck
ARMY 04-020       Selected for Award
Title:Rapidly Emplaced Devices to Attach Sensors/Demolitions to Structures
Abstract:Explosive breaching is frequently the fastest and most combat-effective method to gain access to compounds, buildings, and rooms. Current explosive and sensor attachment methods are a logistical burden, difficult to use, messy, slow, unreliable, and may require fixtures to work. Improved methods are needed to attach demolition items and sensors to wet, fouled, or underwater surfaces. Texas Research Institute Austin (TRI/Austin) proposes the use of a revolutionary new class of adhesives that are extraordinarily insensitive to water and offer extremely rapid cure and excellent bond strength, even at low temperatures. These materials can be hand applied using a simple, lightweight, disposable coaxial syringe. The proposed fast cure (< 15 seconds) adhesive will easily be able to hold a weight of several pounds, and should have a two-year shelf life. Although adhesives have been used for this application in the past, none of those products has the speed and robust cohesive properties of the proposed materials. A comprehensive test program will be conducted to prepare the formulation and packaging system for Army field use. Tests will include adhesion to plastic explosive simulants, mild steel, and interior and exterior building walls and ceilings, including unprepared and underwater surfaces.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Dr. Mauritz van Schalkwyk
ARMY 04-021       Selected for Award
Title:Projectile Data logger
Abstract:When projectiles are being fired, they are exposed to extreme environmental conditions inside the gun barrel. There is a need to record these conditions for the purpose of designing of projectiles. With this device different areas of the projectile can be instrumented to record the stresses experienced. The environmental stresses could include temperature, acceleration, vibration, pressure, force, torque and strain. Mid? proposes to design a reusable device that will record these variables as well as crack detection and information from the guidance system. The proposed system will be a self-powered, high sample rate, robust, small and reusable data recorder. Mide's design approach is to use the high-density properties of a mixed logic ASIC (Application-Specific Integrated Circuit) to combine all the analog circuitry in a compact area. When using discrete components a high percentage (>90%) of the space is under utilized, because of the area around each individual IC (Integrated Circuits) used for interconnection and decoupling. The IC itself also has large under utilized area as typical silicon needed for the function is extremely small but the package has to be large to enable mounting and electrical connections. With an ASIC there is a high density of silicon, shrinking the physical area.

SPACE HARDWARE OPTIMIZATION TECHNOLOGY, INC.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Mr. Alan Jones
ARMY 04-021       Selected for Award
Title:On-Board Recorder for Data Acquisition During Firing and Flight of Projectiles
Abstract:SHOTr proposes to design and develop an innovative data acquisition system with previously unavailable capabilities for use in the research and development of precision munitions by the United States defense community. This second generation on-board recorder (OBR-II) has highly advanced interface and control features, all of which are under software control. These features provide for drastically improved simplicity in interfacing the precision munitions sensor suite, device functionality, data acquisition timing control, and data retrieval to virtually any PC via a USB port. In addition to these compelling improvements to the recorders currently in use, SHOT's OBR-II channel capacity, signal converter resolution, non-volatile data storage, and recorder storage capacity are far in excess of any of the high shock environment recorders available today. As part of the development of the OBR-II, SHOT will also investigate the structural analysis of novel physical configurations, housing materials, potting compounds, and electrical interface packaging. SHOT's OBR-II is a recorder that is capable of handling the high shock environment, as well as being truly simple to use and attractive in every regard to military and commercial customers.

SKIAMETRICS, INC.
19 Glengarry
Winchester, MA 01890
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 721-2908
Dr. Paul Burstein
ARMY 04-022       Awarded: 04JAN05
Title:The X-ray Mega-Volt X-Ray Digital Imaging Inspection System
Abstract:The X-ray Imaging Module (XIM) is a compact, efficient, inexpensive imager component that can be ganged with other XIMs to produce very high spatial resolution seamless images over very large areas, over 2 meters in a single dimension, if necessary. XIM provides fast, deep-dynamic range, low-noise calibrated digital readouts at a user-selectable/motion-coordinated rate, enabling virtually all reconstructive imaging applications, such as CT, TDI, and laminography. XIMs are easily constructed from existing components and subsystems and do not require any exotic technologies. Even at high x-ray energies, XIMs are radiation resistant. Skiametrics will design and build one XIM module, experimentally demonstrate edge-to-edge sensitivity and the ability to seamlessly stitch together sub-images produced by individual XIMs, as well as measuring the usual x-ray imaging characteristics, thereby validating the entire XIM-ganging concept. Phase I will incorporate software for data acquisition and control of XIM readout, and for analysis. Software specification for use of XIM with a standard application interface, e.g., LabView/MatLab, will be provided. The option program addresses developing an initial set of generally configurable tools for reconstructive imaging and will demonstrate one such application. Our approach emphasizes astute calibration techniques, tested algorithms, and lack of dependence on a single technology or provider.

AXSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1 Fortune Drive
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 640-1661
Mr. John Rasmussen
ARMY 04-023       Selected for Award
Title:LIGA-Based Low-Spin/Low-G Customizable Safe and Arm (S&A) Devices for Multiple Applications
Abstract:Axsun Technologies proposes to research and design (Phase I), and develop and fabricate (Phase II) a simplified, low cost electromechanical and/or mechanical/energetic Safe and Arm (S&A) device (or family of devices) that will be fabricated using advanced LIGA-based manufacturing technologies. These advanced LIGA-based manufacturing technologies, the development of which is currently being funded by the JSSAP Office of the U.S. Army RDECOM under the MEMS S&A Development Program, will enable the production of rugged,smoothly operating mechanisms that will fully meet all of the functional performance requirements of the applications listed in the solicitation.

MORGAN RESEARCH CORP.
4811A Bradford Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 533-3233
Dr. Philip Reiner
ARMY 04-023       Selected for Award
Title:Microsystems Technology (MST) for Fuzing in Low-Spin/Low-G Launch Environment
Abstract:Morgan Research Corporation has developed a compact, lightweight, MEMS based safe and arming device concept for low-G launch, low spin rate munitions such as the 2.75 rocket. The designs include concepts for a MEMS rotation sensor, rotationally driven arming mechanism, and initial setback detector for low-G operations. This Phase I effort will focus on the development of these designs. New methods for safe and arming small munitions will be demonstrated for the first time along with techniques for automatic disarming of live, unexploded ordnance.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Albert Okorogu
ARMY 04-024       Selected for Award
Title:Scanning Second-Order Holographic Laser Acoustic System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army's need for a self-aiming laser acoustic target designator/classifier, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Second-order Scanning Holographic Laser Acoustic (SOHLA) system. SOHLA will be based on integration of uniquely designed aberration-corrected, high-efficiency, scanning single- or multibeam holographic telescopic optics (antenna) with unique laser acoustic sensing, second-order holographic interferometry (photorefractive crystal) and a tracking subsystem to place a laser-lock on a target. Second order holography has the unique advantages of real-time monitoring and the self-referencing effect of photorefractive nonlinear crystals or polymers, remarkably reducing the coherence and stability requirements of vibrometry and holographic systems. Thus, the resulting sensor is totally immune to vibration and environmental variations of the medium, and adaptable to changes in beam direction. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SOHLA laser scanning classification/tracking by fabricating a single laser scanning telescopic system for operation at a wavelength of 785 nm, integrated with a laser acoustic holographic sensing system and array of directional microphones. Phase II will produce a practical, field-deployable, self-aiming laser acoustic target designator with a fully developed target classification database.

COHERENT LOGIX, INC.
101 West 6th Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. Bryan Schleck
ARMY 04-025       Selected for Award
Title:Processing Smart Engine for Remote Sensing (PSERS)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes to develop an innovative high-speed processing smart unit for remote sensing. The smart unit will provide a general-purpose platform that is capable of processing complex sensing algorithms from multiple sensor modalities in an extremely small form factor. As part of the project, multi-modal algorithms leveraging parallel processing techniques will be developed. In the Phase I program, CLX will conduct preliminary research and design a small, low-cost, high-speed processing smart engine to execute a variety of on board sensors. The design will be proved through processing of at least two different sensors simultaneously with a built-in wireless device.

GENEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
10605 Concord Street, #500
Kensington, MD 20895
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 962-6565
Mr. David Tunnell
ARMY 04-025       Selected for Award
Title:A Novel Multi-Modal, Multi-Sensor General Purpose Processing Engine for Remote Surveillance
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project is to develop a novel Smart Optical SensorT (SOS) technology (hardware platform and embedded software) that can be added to any sensor type to remotely process complex algorithms. Existing surveillance systems typically utilize a variety of sensor modalities ranging from acoustic and seismic to video and infrared sensors. Olfactory based sensors and bio/chemical sensors are also becoming popular sensors for the defense of the United States. The algorithms used to process each of the sensor outputs have traditionally been processed on PC-based processors or expensive, large application specific hardware. Such centralized surveillance architecture fails to meet the ever-increasing demands of the military and homeland security for remote tactical surveillance to cover large geographic areas. The SOS concept we propose represents a new paradigm in intelligent surveillance. By incorporating computationally intensive smart processing algorithms into an embedded, low power hardware platform placed at the sensor location, we can eliminate much of the transmission bandwidth requirements demanded by current systems, providing only the data that is desired by the user. The chief goal of SOS research and development is to bring about a tactical network of sensor post-processors that are small enough to be physically added to the sensors to enable remote sensing literally anywhere the user desires.

STREAM PROCESSORS, INC.
1068 Vernier Place
Stanford, CA 94305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 725-8086
Dr. Brucek Khailany
ARMY 04-025       Selected for Award
Title:Embedded Smart Sensor Electronics for Remote Sensing
Abstract:Stream processors can provide 100s of GOPS of performance at low power levels with full programmability from high-level programming languages. SPI proposes to evaluate the applicability of these stream processors to remote surveillance systems where tens to hundreds of GOPS of performance and interfacing to a variety of sensors is required. As part of this evaluation, algorithm mapping and hardware demonstration for video and audio sensor filtering, processing, and compression is proposed.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Mr. Paul Cataldi
ARMY 04-026       Selected for Award
Title:An Innovative Confined Space Blast Wave Measurement System
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an innovative blast wave measurement system that will characterize the three-dimensional nature of the blast inside an enclosed space. The innovation of our approach is in the design of the sensor modules that provide three-directional time resolved measurements of the blast wave static pressure and the blast front propagation direction. Using data to be obtained with our omni-directional blast wave measurements system in conjuction with data analysis algorithms, our system will determine the essential desired blast wave parameters. The Phase I program will concentrate on identifying the requirements of the system, refining the design to achieve these requirements, and assessing various transducers capable of achieving the requirements. PSI will also identify all the necessary hardware and software to characterize a 3-D model of the blast. During the Phase II program, PSI will fabricate the design, integrate modeling software, and produce a prototype to be validated during actual live fire testing at an Army facility.

ANACAPA SCIENCES, INC.
301 East Carrillo Street 2FL, P. O. Box 519
Santa Barbara, CA 93102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-6157
Dr. Susan Fischer
ARMY 04-027       Awarded: 03JAN05
Title:Multi-Tasking Assessment for Personnel Selection and Development
Abstract:The primary objective of Phase I will be to design a practical, reliable, and valid computer-based assessment of the ability to perform well in a different types of multi-tasking environments, primarily those encountered by first-term Army enlistees. Formal development and validation of the measure will then take place in Phase II. The first objective in Phase I is to conduct a literature review to extend our current model of individual difference variables that predict multi-tasking performance. The second is to analyze the defining characteristics of several multi-tasking jobs in order to create a typology of MT environments that matches environmental characteristics to requisite cognitive and non-cognitive individual difference variables. The third objective will be to design a measurement approach that taps these critical individual difference variables. The fourth objective will be to develop studies to develop and validate the measurement approach. Phase I products will include a model of individual difference variables that predict multi-tasking ability; a model of different types of multi-tasking environments and the associated skills and abilities required to perform well in those environments the test design, the Phase II study design, and an optional prototype of the test.

DRASGOW CONSULTING GROUP LLC
3508 N. Highcross Rd
Urbana, IL 61802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 328-1824
Dr. Charles L. Hulin
ARMY 04-029       Awarded: 03JAN05
Title:Computer-Adaptive Assessment of Temperament to Support Personnel Selection and Classification Decisions
Abstract:We intend to use our recently developed IRT model for scoring multidimensional pairwise preference items as the basis for a computerized adaptive test (CAT) that is designed to be fake resistant. The items will consist primarily of pairs of personality statements, on different dimensions, which are similar in social desiriability. A respondent's task will be to choose the statement in each pair that is "more like me." Our recent studies have shown this IRT approach to constructing and scoring fake-resistant items can successfully recover normative scores when at least two personality dimensions are assessed. Moreover, the use of adaptive item selection should greatly facilitate the process of test construction, increase measurement accuracy, and decrease testing time. In Phase I, we will 1) conduct a series of simulation studies involving our IRT approach to constructing and scoring multidimensional pairwise preference items; and 2) identify important and nonoverlaping temperament dimensions, relevant to performance in broad military and civilian job groups.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 842-1548
Dr. Michael Paley
ARMY 04-030       Awarded: 03JAN05
Title:Shared Understanding Across Levels of Command
Abstract:In any mission involving hierarchical levels of command, a key success factor is the clear communication of intent, as well as a common understanding of the ongoing situation, across levels of command. In practice, however, command intent may be distorted as subordinates communicate goals downward, and feedback upward, through the chain of command. To the extent that command intent is misunderstood by subordinates or upward feedback misunderstood by superiors, inconsistencies will exist, possibly leading to misinterpretations, inappropriate actions, and compromised mission effectiveness. The purpose of this Phase I SBIR project is to mitigate these problems both by developing a tool for measuring, and identifying a training approach for optimizing, the extent to which the understanding of intent is shared throughout a hierarchy. We propose an investigative program that links prior findings on shared cognition, situational awareness, and team training with new research on hierarchical goal structures and information sharing, focusing on both current and future battlefield scenarios. Our research uses the Combat Application Team (CAT) methodology, in which a panel of military experts collaborates to provide a holistic examination of shared intent from many perspectives. Complementary studies are aimed at quantifying the construct of "sharedness." Based on this research, a prototype assessment tool will be designed. Phase I will culminate in a demonstration of the feasibility of our approach, utilizing Aptima's Distributed Dynamic Decision-making (DDD) testbed, and thus facilitating Phase II development of a shared awareness tool and intervention program.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2419
Dr. Kathleen Hess
ARMY 04-032       Selected for Award
Title:New Technologies for Growing Leaders: Assessment of Wisdom
Abstract:Increasingly, the Army has become engaged in "operations other than war." Compared to traditional combat operations, these missions are considerably more complex and ill-defined. Success in these operations requires that Army leaders view problems from a Joint Forces mindset, recognize the long-term implications of their command decisions, and make complex value judgments that have no clear, correct decision. In short, these missions require wisdom. The Army recognizes this need, and is currently searching for an effective way to develop wisdom among Army leaders. Aptima proposes to develop a scenario-based assessment and advisory tool: the Army Wisdom Assessment and Readiness Development (AWARD) system. AWARD will assess the wisdom level of Army officers and NCOs, diagnose areas for improvement, and identify meaningful developmental experiences. During Phase I, we will develop a theoretical framework that outlines the dimensions, development, and outcomes of wisdom as they pertain to Army leadership. From this theory, we will develop a paper-and-pencil, scenario-based instrument for assessing wisdom throughout the Army chain of command. We will also develop specifications for a software version of this tool, to be built in Phase II, whose intelligent agents will score the leaders' responses and provide diagnostic feedback for improving their level of wisdom.

CHAMELEON OPTICS, INC.
3401 Market Street, Suite 217
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 387-2717
Dr. Paul J. Martin
ARMY 04-033       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Electrochromic Tungsten Oxide Nano Particles
Abstract:Chameleon Optics was founded on March 10, 1998 in Philadelphia, PA, for the purpose of developing unique devices based on proprietary chromogenic (color-changing) coatings. The company is a resident organization of the University City Science Center, one of the largest and most successful business incubators in the world. Chameleon Optics has patented technology to produce reflective flexible electrochromic devices based on electrochromic tungsten oxide particles dispersed in a fluoropolymer matrix. These devices are much less costly and easier to manufacture than their rigid counterparts. However, like their rigid counterparts, these flexible electrochromic devises exhibit inadequate switching speed, spectral response and switching potential to be commercially attractive. The objective of this Phase I effort will be to demonstrate a flexible electrochromic device with substantially improved properties through the control of the size and shape of the electrochromic tungsten oxide particle imbedded within the polymer matrix. Pursuant to the above objective, we propose to (1) formulate a material system utilizing particle size and shape control, with special emphasis on generating nanoparticles; (2) characterize this new system structurally; and (3) test the resulting device for improvement in switching speed, spectral response and switching potential.

KENT DISPLAYS, INC.
343 Portage Blv
Kent, OH 44240
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(330) 673-8784
Dr. Bill Doane
ARMY 04-033       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Self Powered Cholesteric Reflective Flexible Displays
Abstract:A reflective display that simultaneously serves to generate power from ambient light is developed to create a flexible body worn display that does not require battery replacement or user charging. Taking advantage of optical features unique to the bistable cholesteric technology, the dual purpose reflective display makes efficient use of ambient light to convert into electrical power remaining light not reflected by the image even while the device is being operated as a display. Not possible with other known display technologies, a self powered, high resolution cholesteric display on a flexible substrate is developed for maps, text, photos and graphics at a page turn rate, on the average, of several pages per minute.

AGILTRON CORP.
220 Ballardvale St., Suite D
Wilmington, MA 01887
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 694-1006
Mr. Jack Salerno
ARMY 04-035       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Multi-Channel High-Speed Phase/Amplitude Manipulation
Abstract:Agiltron, Inc proposes a fully integrated approach for free-space laser communication transceiver components offering multi-channel beam combination and separation with fast phase-shift and amplitude-variation capabilities. The innovation is independent electro-optic manipulation of the orthogonally polarized input/output signals, both in phase and amplitude, by using advanced Ti: MgO: LiNbO3 waveguide structures. We anticipate achieving the target performance of 4 pi phase- and 20 dB amplitude-variation independently controlled for each transmitting-signal channel; low operating voltage (<20v), high isolation (>55dB) between transmit and receive paths; and the integration of over 128 channels on a single chip. Using multiple-chip integration, the proposed concept may be cost effectively scaled to very large channel counts. LiNbO3 waveguide technology is the most mature and reliable guided-wave technology for practical high-performance electro-optical devices. MgO doped LiNbO3 technology broadens the applications into high power electro-optic and nonlinear optical devices. LiNbO3 waveguide devices are mass-produced, coupled to optical fibers with reasonable optical loss, and packaged to withstand harsh environmental conditions and provide long-term operation in telecommunications systems. A preliminary device will be fabricated in Phase I for evaluation. Further performance improvement and channel scaling will be addressed in the subsequent Phase II effort.

EOSPACE, INC.
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 702-8407
Dr. Walter Charczenko
ARMY 04-035       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Photonic Multi-Channel Transmit/Receive Integrated Phase and Amplitude Controller
Abstract:The development of compact Gbit/sec bandwidth Army free-space, laser communication systems requires a new generation of fiber-optic, high-speed, multi-channel beam controllers. It is proposed to develop a low-loss, multi-channel, integrated transmit/receive, beam-combiner and controller with high-speed, low voltage phase shifting and amplitude modulation capabilities. The Transmit/Receive (Transceiver) Integrated Phase and Amplitude Controller (TRIPAC), will be made using compact, ultra-low-loss, electro-optic Lithium Niobate (LiNbO3) optical waveguide IC technology. This monolithic solid-state device will be capable of launching and splitting a high-power 1550 nm laser beam into an array of multiple parallel high-speed phase shifters and amplitude controllers operating simultaneously on both transmitted and received beams.

SIMULATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3307 BOB WALLACE AVENUE, SUITE 3
HUNTSVILLE, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 876-4204
Mr. Brian Burris
ARMY 04-036       Awarded: 01DEC04
Title:Radar Target Signature Modulator
Abstract:A radar target signature modulator (RTSM) concept is proposed based on technologies and implementations developed for RF missile seeker hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) simulation facilities at the Redstone Arsenal Missile Research and Development Center. For the proposed application, these designs must be extended to be ultra-wideband, covering 2 GHz at the center of X-band. With the advent of commercially available wideband I&Q modulators operating at X-band, the tapped delay concepts developed for narrowband HWIL applications can now be applied to the development of the RTSM system described in the topic synopsis. The tapped delay implementation permits the generation of multi-scatterer target range profile signatures incorporating large numbers of scatterers for each of two orthogonal polarizations. The tapped delay design is independent of target model scatterer count, depending only on the maximum radar range resolution. The real-time tap modulation is independent of changing radar waveforms. This technique has been verified and validated in its narrowband implementation. The extension of the tapped delay system to cover the required 9-11 GHz band will be challenging but relatively low-risk.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2467
Dr. Georgiy Levchuk
ARMY 04-037       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:PERSUADE: PERSonnel-based Unit of Action Design Environment
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to utilize innovative optimization algorithms and normative engineering models for the design of Army organizations. This system will increase productivity and efficiency of Army organizations by identifying critical factors in organizational structure, resource control, and processes given mission goals, team expertise, informal relationships, and resource/manpower constraints. The ultimate product of this research effort is the PERSonnel-based Unit of Action Design Environment (PERSUADE) Toolset - an interactive simulation, optimization and decision aid software environment that will help human users quickly and easily determine an optimized mix of factors that maximize organizational effectiveness, given a particular organizational context and mission structure. To accomplish these goals, a model will be developed that will allow linking the organizational structure and processes with the mission and environment, and predict the likely interplay between organizational factors based on defined performance criteria. PERSUADE builds on validated organizational modeling and optimal organizational design approaches, extending them to include representations of the informal relationship among unit members such as trust and unit cohesion, and the effects of these relationships on unit performance.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 277-9288
Dr. Dawn Riddle
ARMY 04-037       Awarded: 24NOV04
Title:Expeditionary Future Force and Element Configuration Tool (EFFECT)
Abstract:The U.S. Army's Future Force strategy will result in a Force that (1) is capable of conducting any mission in any environment against any enemy, and (2) enables individuals at any level within the Force to access the same information and situational awareness. The two capabilities together allow and even require individuals to achieve a higher level of autonomy in decision making than is currently possible, enabling them to act more like leaders. To accommodate such objectives, however, the Force must be extremely adaptable and flexible, able to tailor its units to the particulars of a given mission and environment-a complex task, given the variety of factors influencing team effectiveness and the potential time pressure involved. The proposed effort will investigate the feasibility of a decision support tool to assist in the process. The tool is intended for expeditionary force and unit planners who must quickly design maximally effective teams in terms of mission outcome, morale, and so on. Specifically, it will help determine the optimal structure (e.g., centralized vs. decentralized) and ideal characteristics (e.g., cohesiveness, decision making authority) of an organization and team based on assessments of mission-specific goals and requirements, environmental parameters, available resources, and current capabilities.

APPLIED PERCEPTION, INC.
109 Gateway Avenue, Suite 201
Wexford, PA 15090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 934-8965
Dr. Parag Batavia
ARMY 04-038       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Soldier Universal Robot Controller
Abstract:Current robotic controllers place a great deal of emphasis on graphical control methods. While graphics and visualization are an important and critical method for controlling robotic assets, they are not sufficient in all cases. The ideal robotic controller would enable the soldier to interact with the robot in the same manner as he interacts with other subordinates, with there being no distinction between a robotic or human subordinate. While this goal requires a great deal of technology development both in controller design and in robotic autonomy, there is much that can be done to improve the state of the art in robot controllers using existing principles and technologies, to enable a more natural interaction between robot and soldier In this proposal, we present a plan to develop a Soldier Universal Robot Controller (SURC) to enable Seamless Integration between the soldier and a team of robots. The SURC will make use of multi-modal hardware (audio and visual) for input and output and a multi-tiered interface model based on robot capabilities and mission requirements; it will have cognitive aids to reduce operator workload and modulate the interface, and will use terminology familiar to the soldier (as taken from Army Field Manuals) to minimize training time, costs and cognitive burden; it will further reduce operator workload by making use of existing collaborative robotics technologies to share information between robots. Finally, there will be an embedded simulation capability for mission rehearsal and training.

CHATTEN ASSOC., INC.
1094 New Dehaven Avenue
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 940-6040
Mr. Kent Massey
ARMY 04-038       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Soldier Universal Robot Controller
Abstract:We propose a universal OCU that will control small robots of different types. The operator interface is displayed on a helmet-mounted micro-display. The control inputs are a head-aimed camera system in conjunction with a controller (thumbstick and two buttons) that is integrated into the operator's rifle stock/grip. The result is an intuitive interface that allows the operator to "look around" the control menu system and other displays using natural head motion, and interact with the menus or vehicle control while keeping his/her hand in firing position. The head-aimed camera in the vehicle allows the operator to maintain situational awareness at the vehicle as well as personal situational awareness, for maximal mission effectiveness and safety. In Phase I, we will develop a comprehensive software architecture and operator interface to access the functional capabilities of a robotic vehicle as well as other data, such as maps for laying navigational waypoints. We will also design a wireless thumbstick, and integrate the controller into a rifle grip. In the Phase I Option, we will implement a selected subset of the interface functions, and test the OCU on a small UGV of our own design.

NOVA ENGINEERING, INC.
5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 642-3208
Dr. David Hartup
ARMY 04-039       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:RF Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) for Retargeting
Abstract:A new family of munitions that can be retargeted in flight is being developed. In order to obtain timely and accurate target position and velocity information, new sensor arrays are needed. This proposal describes the use of a radar system to obtain the position and velocity information. Integrated with the radar system is a self-forming, networked radio system that performs the function of sensor node localization and transfer of information among nodes. Key design goals include small size, low cost, and the ability to operate from a battery for extended periods of time. Additionally, radar foliage penetration capability and use of a minimum number of GPS equipped nodes is important to the system design.

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.
641 SE Central Parkway
Stuart, FL 34994
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 283-0253
Mr. John F Justak
ARMY 04-040       Awarded: 02DEC04
Title:A Non-Contacting, Compliant Seal for Improved Turbine Engine Performance
Abstract:Advanced Technologies Group, ATG, proposes a Hybrid Advanced Robust Dependable (HARD) Seal that exceeds the Army's advanced high temperature seal application requirements. The ATG HARD seal is a non-contacting film riding seal design that will build on patented hybrid-Brush seal success at ATG. This vanguard design, when combined with advanced high temperature materials will provide unrivaled durability, reliability, performance, and maintainability at temperatures approaching 1800,aF, differential pressures to 250 psi, and surface speeds of 1500 feet per second.

MOHAWK INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1037 Watervliet-Shaker Road
Albany, NY 12205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 862-4290
Dr. Hooshang Heshmat
ARMY 04-040       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Innovative Gas Path Sealing Concepts for Improved Turbine Engine Performance
Abstract:The specific innovation proposed by MiTir in response to the US Army topic is a high performance compliant foil radial seal for advanced turboshaft/turboprop engines to replace labyrinth seals and/or brush seals. A non-contacting compliant dynamic seal overcomes the performance and life limitations associated with contacting seals in which clearances between the rotating and static structures increases with time, resulting in increased flow and decreased differential pressure across the seal. Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc. (MiTi?) proposes continued research and development of a robust, high temperature, high speed, non-contacting, hydrodynamic compliant foil seal with a leakage rate far less than either a labyrinth or brush seal that will not degrade in performance between engine overhauls, even after rotor excursions due to maneuver loads or surge. To achieve this goal, a two pronged approach will be used that includes the application of an existing foil seal analysis capability and verification testing of a new compliant foil seal design. The objective of this Phase I effort is the resolution of design limitations identified under previous compliant foil seal testing.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Mr. Anthony Rozanski
ARMY 04-041       Awarded: 29NOV04
Title:Multipurpose Reactive Materials
Abstract:Next generation energy rich materials are under development for both military and civilian uses. These materials are non-explosive (they do not detonate) and are generally referred to as "Reactive Materials". Reactive materials are being developed in conjunction with, or independent of, classical explosives; reactive materials serve as blast enhancers for thermobaric explosives, reactive fragments cause enhanced lethality damage to missiles and enclosed systems when compared to inert kinetic energy penetrators, produce high temperature, structurally conforming fireballs for the defeat of biological and chemical agents, allow the destruction of land mines without causing damaging detonation, produce reactive shape charge liners for defeat of concrete and armor targets, as well as providing "stealth" defeat of electronic equipment and other applications, currently under development, to benefit both defense and research. General Sciences with guidance from the U.S. Army will develop technology and applications, specifically suited to low velocity, close to the ground encounters and targets of interest to the U.S. Army. Several tasks are proposed in order to demonstrate the suitability of GSI technology in meeting the needs of the Army for new reactive materials and warhead concepts and to develop a test plan to transition into larger scale tests in a second phase.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2496
Mr. John Colonna-Romano
ARMY 04-043       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Manpower and Personnel Estimation Methods for Post-Deployment Software Maintenance
Abstract:The goal of this project is to provide the basis for a decision support capability for project/program managers early in the systems acquisition process so they can make informed decisions to reduce life cycle costs and improve deployed system readiness. This project will apply Cognitive Work Analysis and Systems Dynamics modeling to identify and model factors, relationships and constraints available early in the acquisition process which can predict characteristics of the sustainment environment (such as costs and system readiness). The factors primarily take into consideration the cognitive demands required to operate the system and the various means to satisfy those demands such as personnel selection, manpower, training and support. Organizational mechanisms of the sustainment environment will also be considered. The sustainment predictions are used as a metric to optimize the design of the system to reduce future sustainment costs, improve deployed system readiness and plan the sustainment environment.

KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS, INC.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Mr. Michael Painter
ARMY 04-043       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Manpower and Personnel Estimation Methods for Post-Deployment Software Maintenance
Abstract:The goal of this effort is to develop an advanced methodology and supporting tools to facilitate the definition of post-deployment software support staff selection, staffing levels, and training requirements for emerging weapon systems. The resulting capabilities will greatly enhance the Army's ability to investigate, analyze, and quantify the impact of various software maintenance concepts on soldier-focused performance metrics (e.g., availability). The Phase I project will (i) determine appropriate model(s) for post-deployment software maintenance workload estimation, (ii) define a post-deployment software maintenance concept analysis and refinement methodology, (iii) define automation support needs for post-deployment software maintenance concept formulation and analysis, (iv) define prototype tool architecture and development strategy, and (v) document Phase I results and develop Phase II approach. The main results of the Phase I project will be (a) a new methodology for maintenance concept analysis and refinement and (b) an architectural strategy and initial design for the tools needed to support post-deployment software maintenance requirements analysis. The proposed developments will provide the capability to determine software operations and maintenance burden estimates and to analyze the implications of that burden in the context of different maintenance concepts.

ECLIPSE ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 347-4200
Ms. Hulya Demiryont
ARMY 04-044       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Flexible Transparent Conducting Films
Abstract:There is a significant market for electrochromic devices deposited on flexible substrates for building thermal control and energy conservation and automotive applications to improve passenger comfort by modification of optical properties of window and, in particular, the reflectance of vehicular mirrors, spacecraft and building systems. The present proposal suggests the use of metal oxide based electrochromic layers in conjunction with novel polymer electrolytes to provide a long-lasting flexible modular electrochromic device.

NANOSONIC, INC.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Dr. Jennifer Lalli
ARMY 04-044       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:METAL RUBBERT Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Conductive Transparent Elastomers
Abstract:NanoSonic, Inc. specializes in electrostatic self-assembly (ESA) processing of well-defined inorganic nanoclusters and high performance organic polymers which has led to a family of METAL RUBBERT transparent, electrically conductive, free standing elastomeric films. This novel approach yields inorganic/organic hybrid nanocomposites with multiple controlled constitutive properties: bulk resistivity (10-5 ?∙cm to 105 ?∙cm), mechanical properties (modulus 0.1 MPa to 100 MPa), chemical and abrasion resistance, and transparency. NanoSonic's ESA process builds films of controlled thickness ranging from conformal coatings (nm thin) on polymer, metal and semiconductor substrates to free standing (mm thick) flexible films. Excellent molecular homogeneity (+/- 5 nm) is achieved by the alternate layer-by-layer adsorption of the target materials. NanoSonic's durable METAL RUBBERT films are prepared at a fraction of the cost of vacuum sputtered films and with greater versatility in reagents. During Phase I, transparent films with steady bulk resistivity upon flexing will be designed and synthesized by self-assembly of high performance compliant polymers with nanostructured inorganic conductors. Optimized films will be demonstrated on Army's next generation flexible information displays and adaptable electronic devices and on external multi-layered flexible sensor array coatings for (Phase II partner) Lockheed Martin vehicles for combined sensing and solar power generation.

COHERENT LOGIX, INC.
101 West 6th Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. Bryan Schleck
ARMY 04-045       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Simultaneous Real-Time Processing Surveillance Receiver (SRPSR)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes to develop a digital receiver with tightly coupled massively parallel signal processing to overcome the inherent limitations in current state of the art surveillance receivers. The proposed digital receiver will have the ability to measure intended and unintended spectral emissions of electronic equipment in a very dense, noisy signal environment. In the Phase I program, CLX will develop the technical specifications for all of the system components and identify them as commercially available or to be developed. Specifically, CLX will model and predict performance of the proposed system which will include detailed theoretical and laboratory investigations on the design and performance of the critical components in order to demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of the proposed design.

CROSSFIELD TECHNOLOGY LLC
8600 RR620 North, Suite 2936
Austin, TX 78726
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 680-0269
Dr. Gary McMillian
ARMY 04-045       Awarded: 24NOV04
Title:Advanced Ultra Broad Band Direct Conversion Digital Receiver
Abstract:Crossfield Technology proposes an innovative direct conversion receiver and digital signal processor system that provides ultra wideband frequency coverage at ultra high frequency resolution. Key features of Crossfield's ultra wide band receiver and signal processor design include: Ultra wide band direct conversion (zero-IF or near-zero-IF) using state-of-the-art SiGe analog-to-digital converter technology. An innovative parallel digital signal processor design based on ultra-high performance, commercial off-the-shelf, components implemented in 90 nm CMOS technology that computes the Fourier transform and power spectral density (PSD) in near-real-time and at a break-through performance level, even for the exceptionally large transforms required to achieve 0.1 Hz resolution over a 1 GHz bandwidth. Modular system architecture using a next generation switched backplane configured in a mesh routing topology for ultra-high bandwidth between direct conversion receiver and parallel digital signal processors.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Ms. Lori Bracamonte
ARMY 04-046       Awarded: 28DEC04
Title:Silicon Nitride Based Ceramic Tubes for Gun Barrel Applications
Abstract:There is a need to replace steel gun barrels, both to improve lifetime and reduce weight. Ceramic liners are obvious candidates due to their high wear and corrosion resistance, as well as high temperature capabilities, and Si3N4 is a preferred material. However, Si3N4 tubes greater that 200mm in length cannot be fabricated to the required tolerances due to bowing during processing. It is proposed that this problem be addressed by combining developed green body fabrication processes as practiced commercially by SiNeramics with the patented continuous sintering process of Dr. Dale E. Wittmer, Wittmer Consultants, Inc. (WCI). This sintering has already been demonstrated to be enabling in terms of producing ceramic bodies that maintain dimensional integrity over significant lengths. Two Si3N4-based compositions will be explored: (1) a cost effective, commercial one that has excellent properties, and (2) a typical one where oxide additives, incorporated as coatings, will be used to improve uniformity of the green body and minimize density gradients. The combined extensive advanced gun barrel material development experience of MER with SiNeramics and WCI's expertise ensures high potential for the successful development of SiN4 tubes for gun barrel applications.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. George Hida
ARMY 04-046       Awarded: 28DEC04
Title:Sialon for Monolithic Ceramic Gun Barrel Liners
Abstract:Standard chromium plated steel gun barrels have long been a limitation in lifecycle and lethality and limits utilization of more advanced propellants and projectiles as well as inherently heavy. It is anticipated that some select ceramic materials as gun barrel liners will substantially increase barrel life, accuracy, muzzle kinetic energy and provide a considerable weight reduction. One specific sialon ceramic composition of Si3Al3O3N5 has higher strength and fracture toughness than any other monolithic ceramic and has been production produced by the PI in tubes similar to gun barrel liners in lengths of 1200 mm with a tolerance very close to that required for gun barrel liners. This program will utilize the demonstrated production processing of Si3Al3O3N5 sialon as a basis and demonstrate processing control to produce 500 mm barrels that meet diameter tolerance of 0.15 mm and concentricity/bowing specification equivalent to current metal barrels. Sialon tubes 500 mm long that meet tolerance specifications will be delivered and a 1000 mm tube will be produced which is possible because of the established production processing that has produced 1200 mm sialon tubes.

SIMMETRIX, INC.
10 Halfmoon Executive Park Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 348-1639
Dr. Ottmar Klaas
ARMY 04-047       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:The Multiscale Simulation Application Suite
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will develop a generalized multiscale modeling environment to allow the easy integration and use of multiple analysis codes needed for multiscale modeling. Multiscale modeling is a growing numerical analysis technique that is critical to solving some of the fundamental problems in micro-electronics, bio-technology, and nano-technology. Current technologies do not address the unique requirements of multiscale modeling, making the software difficult to apply to these important problems. These developments will build off of an existing set of software components designed for the integration of computer-aided design and computer-aided engineering, as well as a highly customizable rapid application development environment. These tools will be enhanced with capabilities specific to the pre- and post-processing of multiscale analyses as well as the core technologies to enable the integration of analysis codes interacting at multiple scales.

SENSOR ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1195 Atlas Road
Columbia, SC 29209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 647-9757
Dr. Thomas M. Katona
ARMY 04-048       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:InGaN-Channel Heterostructure Field Effect Transistor With Double Recessed Gate for Improved RF Performance
Abstract:We propose a new approach for fabrication of reliable, high breakdown voltage InGaN-channel transistors for next generation radars and communications systems. Double recessed gate design enabled to increase breakdown voltage, alleviate non-ideal effects, and suppressing current instabilities and dispersion effects in GaAs-based HEMTs. However, no robust high performance double recessed gate GaN-based HFET technology has been developed. We propose to develop new epitaxial layer design with ternary (InGaN) and quaternary (AlInGaN) stop etch layers for double recess device fabrication. We already demonstrated significant improvement in the RF performance of AlGaN/InGaN/AlGaN/GaN-based HFETs with recessed gate design. We used our novel Migration Enhanced MOCVD (MEMOCVDTM) deposition technique to incorporate a very thin (2 nm) InGaN layer into AlGaN barrier. We propose to combine this approach with our novel AlGaN/AlInGaN/InGaN/GaN based Triple HFET (THFET) design. Quaternary AlInGaN cap layer grown over InGaN channel will be used as a second (lower) stop etch layer for RIE etch. We will recess both source and drain ohmic contacts and will fabricate them on In-containing AlInGaN cap layer for reduced contact resistance. The benefits of the proposed design are higher breakdown voltage without introduction of field plate design (which degrades high-frequency performance) and suppression of current dispersion.

SVT ASSOC., INC.
7620 Executive Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 934-2100
Dr. Andrei Osinsky
ARMY 04-048       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:AlInGaN-based Transistors for Advanced Applications
Abstract:Aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) have been demonstrated with superior characteristics that make them promising candidates for high-performance radar, communication, imaging and other advanced applications. Still, there remain performance and reproducibility related issues that must be addressed to achieve successful commercialization of these devices. In this Phase I project, we will investigate indium containing AlInGaN HEMTs as part of the effort towards improving dc and rf performance. The work will involve novel device design, material growth, and wafer processing.

PRINCETON LIGHTWAVE, INC.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2546
Dr. Dmitri Garbuzov
ARMY 04-049       Awarded: 28DEC04
Title:Highly Efficient, Power-Scalable Long-Wavelength Diode Laser Pumps for Eye-Safe Solid-State Laser Development
Abstract:For this SBIR program, Princeton Lightwave Inc. proposes the development of 1530 nm InGaAsP/InP laser diode pump arrays with powers in excess of 50 W from 1-cm bars with the potential for scalability to a two-dimensional bar stack format without limitation in the number of one-dimensional array elements. For use in pumping eye-safe Er:YAG solid state lasers (SSLs) emitting at ~1620-1640 nm, these arrays will be designed to achieve at least 80% photon absorption by the group of Er lines at ~1530 nm in Er:YAG solid state laser gain media and in excess of 90% coupling efficiency with collimating microlenses. Highly effective thermal management will be developed using both optimized microchannel coolers and an innovative evaporative spray cooling system that will also be designed for scalability to support very high power 2D bar stacks (in excess of 500 W). We will build on our existing extremely reliable (>1E6 hours) InP-based low beam divergence pump laser platform that has already demonstrated 42 W CW operation from 1-cm arrays with nearly 34% conversion efficiency at maximum power. Arrays developed for this program will provide unprecedented performance for eye-safe diode-pumped SSLs as well as for direct diode use.

QUINTESSENCE PHOTONICS CORP.
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-4664
Dr. Jeff Ungar
ARMY 04-049       Awarded: 27DEC04
Title:Spectrally Tailored High Efficiency Long Wave Pumps for Eye-Safe Solid-State Lasers
Abstract:Diode arrays in the 1500 nm band are important pump sources for very low photon-energy-deficit pumping of eye-safe lasers. The power output, power efficiency and pump absorption of commercially offered arrays in this band are not as high as 800-1000 nm diodes. By using innovative laser array designs, we plan to develop diodes with output powers and conversion/absorption efficiencies as high as short-wave pump arrays.

AMSEN TECHNOLOGIES LLC
1684 South Research Loop, Suite 518
Tucson, AZ 85710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 546-6944
Dr. Hongxing Hu
ARMY 04-050       Awarded: 29DEC04
Title:Composite Proton Exchange Membranes for Multifunctional Power Generating Structures
Abstract:This program aims to develop a novel nanotube-reinforced composite PEM for multifunctional power generating structures. The innovation in the present effort is to take advantage of our capability and make use of the superior mechanical properties of the nanotubes including large aspect ratios, high tensile strength, and low density, which may result in significant increase in the tensile modulus of the nanotube-reinforced composite PEM, while the transport properties of the composite membrane that are relevant to fuel cell performance may not to be significantly compromised. The outcome of the present effort may provide the needed product to the Army. Such products will also have a significant commercialization potential.

CERAMATEC, INC.
2425 South 900 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84119
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 978-2138
Mr. John Gordon
ARMY 04-052       Awarded: 29DEC04
Title:Sodium-Air Batteries Based on Sodium Super-Ionic Conducting Electrolyte
Abstract:High energy density battery will be developed by combining metallic sodium anode with an air cathode. The proposed sodium-air battery is expected to dominate the performance of lithium-air battery. This battery technology is based on sodium conducting solid-electrolyte developed at Ceramatec Inc. The sodium conducting solid-electrolyte has conductivity in the range of 10-2 S/cm at ambient temperature and is expected to be chemically stable when in contact with sodium metal. The proposed electrolyte can be fabricated into a thin structure, which will significantly enhance the gravimetric and volumetric energy and power density characteristics of sodium-air batteries. The proposed batteries can potentially deliver energy densities exceeding 500 Wh/kg and cell voltages of 2.5 - 3.0 V with potentially high rate capability, charge retention, and shelf life characteristics required for military applications

EXCELLATRON
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
Dr. Aishui Yu
ARMY 04-052       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:ALL SOLID STATE LITHIUM AIR BATTERY
Abstract:A novel approach is proposed for the development of safe lithium-air batteries that offer high-energy storage capacity and extended standby and operational life. The proposed battery will use a lithium anode, an air cathode having an air stable non-volatile electrolyte and a multilayer polymer electrolyte/glass electrolyte barrier to protect the lithium anode from direct reactions with water and oxygen from the atmosphere. Since there will be no volatile liquid electrolyte, safety performance of the lithium-air battery will be enhanced. The areas to be studied include the ionic conductivity of the polymer electrolyte, as well as the interface between lithium metal and polymer electrolyte, and the moisture absorption behavior of the air electrode. In Phase II we will investigate the performance of the whole battery system and battery structure to produce an all solid state lithium oxygen battery.

BROOKHAVEN TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC.
12-12 Technology Drive
Setauket, NY 11733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 941-9177
Dr. James Powell
ARMY 04-053       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Controllable Direct Electrical Conversion of Isotopic Radiation
Abstract:Radioisotopes and nuclear isomers are of special interest as energy storage devices because they have the potential to store energy with higher energy density and longer life than chemical and most other devices. If their energy can be released by excitation (triggering) by an external source, they can provide on-demand high power. Both nuclear isomers and radioactive isotopes release their energy at a specific rate by emission of gamma rays and/or charged particles. To use radioactive materials as high energy density devices for remote applications depends on having a means to capture and convert the energy to useful form such as direct voltaic, thermal voltaic, chemical or mechanical. Whether or not isomers can be triggered, it is useful to examine how isotope and isomer decay energy can be captured and converted to one of these forms. This research examines means to capture and convert decay energy from triggered isomers and ordinary radioisotope sources.

ECOPULSE
PO Box 528, zip 22150, 7844 Vervain Ct
Springfield, VA 22152
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 644-8419
Dr. Nino R. Pereira
ARMY 04-053       Awarded: 21DEC04
Title:Modeling devices based on Isotopic Radiation
Abstract:We propose to construct a model for devices that use isomers as their energy source by adding the necessary information to Sandia's ITS code. The code can quantify the performance of advanced power sources if an analytical evaluation is insufficient.

SOHAR, INC.
5731 W. Slauson Ave, Suite 175
Culver City, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-0990
Dr. Herb Hecht
ARMY 04-054       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Miniature Actuators for Small Arms Munition Control
Abstract:A new method of actuating MEMS devices is proposed for attitude-control of small-arms munitions. This method is compatible with existing foundry tooling and offers the potential of commutating relatively small forces into larger ones, capable of steering a high speed bullet. The method is not sensitive to high-G environments and reacts nearly instantaneously. Active-guidance of a prototype munition, which employs this new actuator, is discussed as a means to demonstrate reproducible movement. The concept is refined through a feasibility analysis, test plan and risk assessment in detail during Phase I in preparation for Phase II prototyping. Zero modifications are required of the weapon system used to demonstrate the smart munition.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ms. Karen A. Harper
ARMY 04-055       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:SAMPLE-based Model for Intelligent Task performance by Human operators (SMITH)
Abstract:The Army has engaged in a modeling and simulation effort to develop advanced technologies and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) supporting the transformation to the network-centric warfare (NCW) concept. These activities have culminated in the Modeling Architecture for Technology, Research, and Experimentation (MATREX), a fully distributed and service-based architecture encouraging the "plug-and-play" of individual models. Within the MATREX, the Command, Control, and Communications Grid (C3Grid) models operator behaviors using a behavior engine based on the Java Expert System Shell (JESS), and has been deemed insufficient to effectively model the expanding range of behaviors, due to its brittleness and lack of maintainability. We propose to develop an enhanced behavior engine for the MATREX by applying an overarching software architecture (based on our existing SAMPLE architecture) allowing for the integration of a range of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies (fuzzy logic, Bayesian reasoning, genetic algorithms, etc.) to model decision-making more robustly and efficiently, with specific focus on enhanced usability. The SAMPLE-based Model of Intelligent Task performance by Human operators (SMITH) will be integrated into the MATREX with specific focus on its interactions with the C3Grid's C3 human performance model (C3HPM), providing an effective representation of both decision-making behavior and task performance.

DCS CORP.
1330 Braddock Place
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 237-4817
Mr. Paul Cerkez
ARMY 04-055       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Command Decision Modeling in Distributed Combat Simulation
Abstract:The rapid explosion in the volume and diversity of information circulating on the modern battlefield presents a huge challenge to the decision makers and warfighters who must plan and dynamically adapt to changing circumstances while assimilating new or changing information, often under conditions of time pressure, uncertainty, information overload and stress. There is also the corresponding challenge to those attempting to model the battlefield situation. In the past, humans in the loop have been required to successfully run the simulations. In constructive simulations, the challenge for battlefield modelers is in predicting accurate outcomes which rests on the ability of the model to portray the limits in information processing and decision making of the operators and decision makers. The MATREX simulation models attempt to fill this requirement at a very rudimentary level, primarily representing basic platform and aggregate behaviors. However, the models do not sufficiently represent human level complex decision processes and do not take into account how human workload in one model impacts performance in another. This Phase I proposal describes the approach DCS will take to study the existing methodologies to improve the representation of automated decision-making in combat simulations and its fidelity to human decision making in the same scenarios.

CAMBRIOS TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
One Kendall Square, Building 700, 1st Floor
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 551-4721
Dr. Christine Flynn
ARMY 04-056       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Nanowires with Biologically Directed Composition and Placement
Abstract:Cambrios Technologies Corp. proposes to develop methods for fabricating nanowires from a variety of materials (e.g., metallic, semiconducting, and magnetic) and directing the assembly of these nanowires into circuits and devices with nanometer scale precision. Nanowires will be fabricated using the peptide- and virus-directed synthesis techniques of Dr. Angela Belcher (Mao et al., 2004), which have been licensed by Cambrios. Peptides that have affinities towards various materials will be identified by phage display technology and incorporated into select coat proteins of the M13 bacteriophage, a virus of 800nm length and 6-10nm diameter, which will act as a scaffold for each nanowire design. The displayed peptides with various materials specificity will direct the nucleation and/or assembly of nanocrystal components into a composite nanowire, allowing nanowires of homogeneous or heterogenous compositions to be created. Genetic modification of the phage will enable phage lengths and geometries to be manipulated. Additionally, peptides will be displayed on certain locations of the virus with the function to recognize and bind to materials on circuit or device elements, thus directing the location and orientation of the nanowire. This approach, performed under aqueous and ambient conditions, provides an inexpensive and environmentally benign route for nanowire synthesis and placement.

RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6823
Dr. Louis H. Strong
ARMY 04-056       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Self-Assembled DNA: A Template for Constructing Electronic Devices
Abstract:In order to increase the performance of electronic devices, much technical effort is being devoted towards shrinking the size of the individual components. However, it is uncertain whether the current pace of miniaturization may be continued since fundamental limits of the photolithographic technique are being reached. As an alternative to photolithography, the use of self-assembled biological molecules to template the formation of electrical components provides a means to construct devices with smaller feature sizes. Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (RMD) proposes using DNA lattices to specifically template the formation of extremely small (< 20 nm diameter) conducting wires to precise locations. These wires will then be incorporated into an integrated semiconductor-based device which should have superior performance capabilities (i.e., speed) compared to existing devices due to the smaller dimensions.

APPLIED SPECTRA
P.O. Box 5049
Walnut Creek, CA 94596
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 945-7753
Dr. Jong Yoo
ARMY 04-057       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Novel n-pulse Approach for LIBS Enhancement
Abstract:Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been proven as a powerful analytical sensor technology for military and civilian applications. Attributes include real-time measurement response, no sample preparation, high sensitivity, and the ability to detect signatures from chem/bio agents, explosives, toxic compounds and other hazardous materials. Although the capabilities of LIBS have been demonstrated, the performance needs to be improved, especially for field applications. Revolutionary advances are needed to transition LIBS from the laboratory to the field. The basis of this SBIR proposal is to test a new paradigm for LIBS, by using high repetition-rate, low energy laser pulses to significantly extend the plasma lifetime. Importantly, this enhancement approach is all optical (there are no additional power supplies to support secondary plasmas) and gated detection will not be required. The Phase I effort will theoretically establish the enhancement concept, demonstrate and benchmark a test system, and produce design requirements (Phase I Option) for a new LIBS instrument (to be prototyped in Phase II). The Phase I effort will emphasize analysis of Al-based materials of military interest. Such a system will be of immediate use to the Army for applications in chem/bio agents, explosives and other hazardous materials.

ENVIMETRICS
P.O. Box 6
Pluckemin, NJ 07978
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 256-5033
Dr. Greg Schmidt
ARMY 04-057       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:LIBS Sensitivity Enhancement by Microwave Plasma Spectroscopy
Abstract:Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is a simple, rapid, real-time analytical technique based on the analysis of spectral emission from laser-induced micro plasmas. The Army is interested in deploying this technique in both a field portable instrument and on vehicular platforms (truck or plane) for remote sensing. Here we propose to enhance the sensitivity of LIBS by growing the LIBS micro plasma with microwaves. The resulting plasma will be larger and last significantly longer. The sensitivity should be enhanced by more than a factor of 1000. This plasma enhancement technique can be applied to both the configurations of field portable instruments and vehicular platforms. Phase I will demonstrate the enhancement technique in the laboratory and Phase II will produce a field portable instrument with enhanced sensitivity and a field test of the application for vehicular platforms.

MATERIALS PROCESSING, INC.
5069 Martin Luther King Freeway
Fort Worth, TX 76119
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 492-4446
Dr. Animesh Bose
ARMY 04-058       Selected for Award
Title:Rifling of the Inner Diameter of Ceramic Tubes for Gun Barrel Applications
Abstract:Silicon nitride based materials have extremely attractive property combination and is ideally suited for gun barrel applications (increased life and reduced weight). In spite of the attractive properties, its use in gun barrels have been limited due to the inability of current processing techniques to introduce rifling on the inner diameter of a silicon nitride tube of moderate length (100 mm or more) in a cost effective manner. The current project proposes a novel processing scheme that combines the attributes of silicon nitride and the complex shape forming ability of powder injection molding (PIM) to offer a technology that will produce ceramic gun barrels with the desired uniform rifling twist on the inner surface of the silicon nitride tube. Future work will develop an affordable technique for the fabrication of these gun barrels. The success in Phase I will result in a generic technology that will allow the affordable fabrication of complex shaped parts from lightweight, high strength, high toughness, wear and abrasion resistant, and high temperature resistant silicon nitride that will have numerous applications in both defense and commercial sector. The success will provide DoD with the technology to finally realize the elusive goal of manufacturing ceramic gun barrels.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St., Suite 100
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Dr. Mike Durrett
ARMY 04-058       Selected for Award
Title:Laser Assisted Machining Applied to Rifling of Ceramic Barrels
Abstract:Ceramic barrels have found little application as their extreme hardness make them quite brittle and difficult to machine. Grinding and diamond machining have found some success but both yield very low material removal rates and can induce defects. To address this problem Nanohmics Inc. and Dr. Y. C. Shin of Purdue University propose to apply the recently developed technique of laser assisted machining (LAM) coupled with a specially designed tooling system to develop a means of rifling ceramic barrels. In LAM a laser provides an intense localized heat source to the rotating workpiece just prior to the cutting region. The low thermal conductivity of ceramics allows excellent control of local temperatures (both in surface extent and in depth) and, for certain ceramics, leads to a reduction in strength in the heated regions and an increased machinability. Dr. Shin has been leading the commercial development of LAM and has pioneered processing methodologies for several different ceramic compounds1-3 (e.g. Si3N4, mullite and partially stabilized zirconia. In addition, Nanohmics personnel have extensive experience in specialized tooling applications and will apply this expertise to adapt the LAM process to the production of a cost effective method of rifling ceramic barrels.

DIVERSIFIED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
35 Wiggins Ave.
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9444
Dr. David Fink
ARMY 04-059       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Macro-Fiber-Composite Power Module
Abstract:Macro-Fiber Composite (MFC) actuators, developed by NASA Langley Research Center, represent an enabling technology capable of meeting the ever increasing performance requirements for highly maneuverable, agile, and survivable rotorcraft. With these piezoelectric actuators, the shape of airfoils can be dynamically reconfigured to enhance the airfoil?s aerodynamic performance. MFC actuators have been commercialized for small scale applications, however using this actuator for active blade control, requires significantly higher drive power than what is commercially available. The MFC power module proposed here will be scalable for capacitive loads up to several hundred microfarad and will be packaged to conform to the demanding constraints of the rotorcraft application (high efficiency, small size, low weight, high-g environment). Solid state switching power devices are used to produce the high voltage (1500 V), high fidelity actuator drive power from a low voltage (28V) DC power source.

OCEAN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING CORP.(OSEC)
2141 Palomar Airport Road, Suite 200
Carlsbad, CA 92009
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 260-8515
Mr. BILL CALDERWOOD
ARMY 04-060       Awarded: 11JAN05
Title:IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES (IED) NEUTRALIZATION AND DETECTION (INDET)
Abstract:Ocean Systems Engineering Corporation (OSEC) proposes to develop Improvised Explosive Device (IED) Neutralization and Detection (INDET) for ground forces protection against remotely controlled improvised explosive devices (IED) and related insurgent/terrorist explosive threats. IED's have become an extremely significant and dangerous force protection issue in the wake of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and the Global War on Terror (GWOT). Insurgents and terrorists are using a variety of asymmetric techniques to attack militarily superior coalition forces with military ordnance components combined with commercial off the shelf explosives, electronics, and digital subsystems. OSEC proposes the INDET SBIR to integrate and package existing technologies for use in military vehicles to protect US/Coalition forces. (1) INDET will provide early warning of the possible presence of IEDs by using IR (Infrared) laser technologies to seek out explosives (2) INDET will neutralize (detonate) remotely controlled IEDs by replicating the coded radio frequency transmissions from garage door openers, car alarms, etc. that the adversary uses to control the IEDs, exploding the devices before the arrival of their intended target. (3) INDET will neutralize (detonate or dud) IEDs through the use of tailored high power electromagnetic (EM) energy directed at the IED . (4) INDET will prevent the hostile remote triggering of remotely controlled IEDs through the use of tailored barrage jamming. In order to support rapid development and fielding at reduced cost, INDET will leverage existing electronic warfare components that were developed and operationally proven to be extremely effective in countering IEDs, but have not previously been integrated into ground based military vehicles. Such existing components will include both classified hardware and classified software algorithms designed specifically for electronic attack of IEDs. Also, INDET will leverage existing technologies for detection of organic molecules in miniscule concentrations (see references 6 through 9). The initial planning for the integration, adaptation and packaging of these technologies will be conducted for use in military vehicles. INDET will measurably improve own force protection, providing a cost effective organic escort capability independent of supporting theater and national assets. Our unique understanding of IR Spectroscopy, EM transmission systems, capabilities, EAJ techniques, intelligence sources/methods and tactical integration provide OSEC the capability to develop INDET into the vital force protection capability needed on today's multi-faceted battlefield.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd, 3rd Floor
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Dr. Jianhua Ge
ARMY 04-061       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:A Stochastic Pursuit-Evasion Differential Game for Autonomous Vehicles
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technology, proposes the development of stochastic pursuit-evasion differential games with multi-pursuers and multi-evaders. Specifically, this project will consist of 1) Development of multi-pursuit and multi-evader game scenarios; 2) Problem formulation for the proposed stochastic differential pursuit-evasion games; 3) Establishment of the existence of Nash-type equilibrium for the value of the differential games; 4) Solution generation for the boundary value problem based on the Hamilton-Jacobi-Isaacs equation of pursuit-evasion differential games with state constraints; and 5) Design tool demonstration of the developed technology.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5238
Dr. Chiman Kwan
ARMY 04-061       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Novel Approaches to Stochastic Pursuit-Evasion Differential Games with multiple players
Abstract:We propose to systemically explore differential pursuit-evasion games with multiple pursuers and evaders in continuous time and in random environment. We start with the simplest case with the assumptions of perfect information and common knowledge. The approach is a direct extension of Isaacs's method for differential games with a single pursuer and evader, where the concept of saddle point solutions is extended. Second, the assumption of perfect information is relaxed to that of complete observability. To simplify the theoretical analysis, a transformation of the objective function is considered such that the linear quadratic dynamic game theory can be applied directly. Asymptotic Nash equilibrium solutions can be easily determined in this case. Third, the assumptions of observability and common knowledge are further relaxed, the learning theory in games is proposed. In this case, a larger set of self-confirming equilibrium solutions is used to instead of Nash equilibrium. Fourth, for the situation that players cannot predict others' strategies, a decentralized objective function is constructed for each pursuer, and the maxmin strategy is proposed. The coordination control is achieved by using maximal Nash equilibrium solution among those distributed pursuers. Finally, a general nonlinear filter is proposed for each pursuer to estimate the observable state variables in noisy environment.

NANOSCALE MATERIALS, INC.
1310 Research Park Drive
Manhattan, KS 66502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(785) 537-0179
Dr. Slawomir Winecki
ARMY 04-062       Awarded: 23NOV04
Title:NanoScale Oxide-base Solid Sorbent Trap for the Safe Handling of Chemical Contaminated Materials
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project focuses on the development and implementation of a nanoparticle metal-oxide based collection, neutralization, and preservation of battlefield materials and evidence of a chemical and/or biological agent. The key component of the proposed system will be a solid sorbent material, based on NanoScale's proprietary FAST-ACT formulation comprising on nanocrystalline metal oxides. Hazards posed to field and laboratory personnel will be mitigated by chemical neutralization of the toxic agents ensured by the high reactivity the FAST-ACT formulation. Decomposition of the chemical threat, immediately after sample collection, will differentiate the NanoScale system from other systems of this type. The neutralization mechanism will allow for unambiguous identification of the collected agent, by detection of reaction byproducts and characteristic chemical signatures, left on the sorbent material. The proposed system will be compatible with a broad range of chemical agents, including chemical warfare agents, lung damaging agents, as well as various toxic industrial chemicals. Sampling of various materials will be allowed including solids, liquids, and gases/vapors collected from surfaces, air, or water. Using metal oxides as sorbent materials will allow for the employment of a variety of analytical techniques to identify chemical agents present at the collection site.

CIPHERGEN BIOSYSTEMS, INC.
6611 Dumbarton Circle
Fremont, CA 94555
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(314) 963-0942
Dr. Gregory P. Schneider
ARMY 04-063       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Identification and Characterization of Molecular Inhibitors of Cognitive Performance
Abstract:We will use Proteinchipc Arrays with Surface-Enhanced-Laser-Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry to obtain a large-scale profiling of the proteins whose brain expression is affected by sleep loss. ProteinChipc Arrays have been developed and marketed by Ciphergen Biosystems Inc., the "small business" in this proposal. The study will be conducted in fruit flies, rats and migratory sparrows, and sleep recordings and sleep deprivation experiments will be performed in the laboratory of Dr. Chiara Cirelli (University of Wisconsin - Madison), the "academic partner" in this proposal. Rats will be studied after acute and chronic sleep deprivation and sleep restriction, to mimic the different battlefield situations. Both wild-type flies, which show a cognitive deficit after sleep deprivation, and sleep-deprivation resistant mutant flies, which do not, will be studied. Both sparrows during the migratory season (when sustained sleep loss does not cause cognitive impairment) and during the nonmigratory season (when even acute sleep loss does) will be studied. The ability to profile gene expression in the brain of 3 different species, and the use of genetic and natural models of resilience to the negative effects of sleep loss will significantly increase the chance of identifying the best molecular markers of cognitive performance.

NUNETIX, INC.
2205 Tech Drive
Evanston, IL 60208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-2865
Dr. Bernard Bergmann
ARMY 04-063       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Identification and Characterization of Molecular Inhibitors of Cognitive Performance
Abstract:Addressing the issue of cognitive performance in the battlefield necessitates addressing the issue of sleep. Mounting evidence suggests that sleep deprivation impairs cognitive function by disrupting gene expression within the hippocampus. Our approach to cognitive enhancement of brain function under sleep deprivation will take advantage of the Clock mutant model that retains cognitive performance on spatial learning and memory tests despite reduced need for sleep. We propose that this Clock mutant exhibits resistance to the damaging effects of inadequate sleep on cognitive function. The question we will address is: how does the Clock gene, specifically, and sleep loss, in general, influence the anatomic substrates of learning and memory at the molecular/genetic level? Our technical objectives are to: 1) identify hippocampal gene expression changes during sleep in wild-type and Clock mutant with the latter having preserved memory function despite reduced sleep time, and 2) identify hippocampal gene expression changes during sleep deprivation in wild-type and circadian mutant Clock. We will identify pathways critical to cognitive performance through genome-wide comparisons of hippocampal gene expression. The comparison of transcriptional profiles from animals with resistance to sleep loss will enable us to identify unique molecular pathways critical to the preservation of cognitive function.

ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Mr. Sid Kudige
ARMY 04-064       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Denial-of-Service (DoS) Defenses for Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:The US Army has identified the need for intrusion-resistant and survivable ad hoc networks for tactical mobile environments. Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) brings over 6 years of directly related technology development experience in the areas of ad hoc networks, intrusion tolerance, and network survivability and a proven track record delivering high quality products on these R&D efforts to address the needs of this SBIR effort. ATC will leverage its proven expertise in designing and building intrusion tolerance techniques for mobile wireless networks to develop DoS Defenses for Ad Hoc Networks (DDAN), a collection of survivability enhancements for ad hoc routers that will protect the network from denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. The objective of this effort is to establish the feasibility of the DDAN approach in Phase I. The follow-on Phase II effort will then implement a prototype of DDAN mechanisms that will be integrated within an AODV-based ad hoc router.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Mr. Roger Xu
ARMY 04-064       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Agent Based Distributed and Cooperative Intrusion Detection for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and its consultant, Dr. Wenke Lee, propose to develop an intelligent agent-based distributed and cooperative anomaly and fault monitoring architecture for mobile ad-hoc network (MANET). In our proposed architecture, an anomaly and fault detection agent runs at each "monitoring" node and performs local data collection and local detection. Once an anomaly or fault is detected by a local "monitoring" agent, it collaborates with neighboring "monitoring" agents to perform cooperative detection, to investigate the source of the anomaly or fault, and to take cooperative response actions. We will develop an adaptive learning-based approach for building anomaly and fault detection models, which can be applied to both local and cooperative detection. RIPPER and Support Vector Machines (SVMs) will be used to detect intrusions and faults in MANET. The multi-agent cooperative monitoring and communication architecture will be designed based on IAI's novel Cybele agent infrastructure. The key innovations of the proposed architecture include: 1) dynamical and flexible configuration based on the agent technology; 2) the learning-based detection framework is able to detect new attacks or fautls; 3) low false alarm rate by using a cooperative detection engine; 4) excellent classification performance of RIPPER and SVMs, etc.

WW TECHNOLOGY GROUP
4519 Mustering Drum
Ellicott City, MD 21042
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 418-4353
Dr. Chris J Walter
ARMY 04-064       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Mobile Ad Hoc Network Fault Management
Abstract:WW Technology Group, with expertise in dependable systems, routing technologies and network management will clarify approaches and methodologies to manage next generation mobile ad hoc networks. Our solution to this problem includes several perspectives: (a) Characterization of use cases. Many services that can be provided by the mobile ad-hoc networks. One challenge in network management applications is the concise representation of the operating status of the services as assets in the communication networks. We anticipate that several views may be required dependent on the specific mission of the user. (b) A catalog of initial faults that can threaten the delivery of services. The characterization of the fault classes provides a framework for the identification of fault/error detection services. (c) Mechanisms to uncover both the root causes of faults (fundamental errors) and correlate the faults to the various services being carried by the transport and processing mechanisms under stress. As appropriate, we will identify those elements of our reliable platform that can be employed to identify and characterize faults. The realization of these capabilities includes distributed processing techniques and network management fusion services. Application advances will be employed on both the network elements and centralized management system.

IPITEK
2330 Faraday Avenue
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 438-1010
Dr. De Yu Zang
ARMY 04-065       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Innovative Hosts for Bacteriorhodopsin-Based Optical Memory
Abstract:IPITEK, together with Professor Lanyl's group at University Of California, Irvine (UCI) propose to develop novel DNA-based, cross linkable polymers as biobased membrane films to host bacteriorhodopsin (BR) and newly discovered proteorhodopsin (PR), aimed at improving stability and operation speed of rhodopsin-based optical and bioelectronic devices. These new DNA-based polymers based on salmon sperm have shown very good optical and stability properties, and are successful hosts for electrooptic chromophores. Improvements will focus on immobiliztion of photosensitive BR material by use of cross-linkers, lipids, and other additions to the matrix. Our proposed Phase I effort focuses on DNA-based polymer host membrane stability and as well as improved BR and PR materials aimed at optimal operation in bionanotechnological devices. Phase II effort will utilize that information to develop, produce, and characterize stable and efficient BR/PR films for use in application environments determined in collaboration with Army scientists. Another potential Phase II effort is to exploit BR crystals for nano-scale optical memory applications. These crystals contain BR that is oriented uniformly such that the directionality of an optical response is not averaged out by random arrangement, a drawback in films. With appropriate scaling these BR crystals are ideal for nano-scale optical memory applications.

SIMPSON WEATHER ASSOC., INC.
809 E. Jefferson Street
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 979-3571
Dr. George D. Emmitt
ARMY 04-066       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Airborne Doppler lidar analyses and adaptive targeting system (ADLAATS)
Abstract:The primary Phase I technical objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of converting an existing set of functional code meant for post-flight processing and visualization of airborne DWL data into a form that better meets the timeliness and data volume requirements associated with on-board data processing and data transmission for use by the Army's IMETS models and tactical decision aides. These real-time wind and aerosol data represent a major new input to the support network for the US Army's Objective Force. During Phase I we will conduct a proof-of- concept demonstration of a software package (ADLAATS: Airborne Doppler Lidar Analyses and Adaptive Targeting System) that will process raw DWL data in real-time (onboard aircraft) and provide derived products (wind components, aerosol backscatter and the variability of both the winds and aerosols) that can be displayed and/or transmitted to a ground station in a timely fashion. Additional information on the depth of the PBL, identification of anomalies in aerosol backscatter or winds, enabled adaptive selection of scan patterns and enabled adaptive space/time data averaging will be included. We will also develop plans for Phase II field tests of ADLAATS and numerical model impact evaluations.

CERMET, INC.
1019 Collier Road, Suite C1
Atlanta, GA 30318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 351-0005
Mr. Jeff E. Nause
ARMY 04-068       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:ZnO Based Light Emitters for UV/Blue Applications
Abstract:The goal of this effort is to grow n and p ZnO thin films by MOCVD on ZnO substrates. The primary objective of this phase I effort will be to grow p-n homojucntion and characterize the LED structure. Bandgap of ZnO will be engineered and heterojunction quantum wells will be grown. The grown device structures will be characterized for structure and quality by X-ray, PL and electron microscopy, The electrical and optical properties will be analyzed through temperature dependent Hall, I-V measurements and EL

SVT ASSOC., INC.
7620 Executive Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 934-2100
Dr. Andrei Osinsky
ARMY 04-068       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:ZnO Based Light Emitters for UV/Blue Applications
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project addresses the development of novel solid state Zinc Oxide-based light emitting device. These devices will find widespread application in civilian and military markets. The objective of the Phase I effort is to explore CdZnO/ZnO material system for UV emitters. SVT Associates will be utilizing innovative approaches for material epitaxial growth p-type doping and device design. The emphases will be made on attaining stable processes for homo and heteroepitaxy of p-type materials. We expect that at the end of Phase I program a prototype light emitting device will be available.

ZN TECHNOLOGY, INC.
910 Columbia Street
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 989-8881
Mr. Gene Cantwell
ARMY 04-068       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:ZnO UV Light Emitters on High Quality ZnO
Abstract:ZnO has many inherent advantages over current materials used to fabricate UV LEDs and lasers in that it is a more efficient light emitter, has better radiation hardness, and can easily be fabricated in bulk single crystals. Uniquely, this project will utilize the high purity, 2-inch diameter ZnO single crystals developed by ZN Technology as substrates on which to epitaxially grow ZnO pn junction LEDs using molecular beam epitaxy. The use of nanotips to increase the light output of the ZnO LED will also be investigated. In the option phase ZnMgO/ZnO heterostructures will be developed as a component of an LED with even higher efficiency. Also in the option phase, growth of LEDs and lasers on other orientations of single crystal ZnO substrates will be investigated as avenues for other devices and improved performance.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Alan Cisar
ARMY 04-069       Awarded: 23NOV04
Title:Direct Ammonia-Borane Alkaline Fuel Cell with In Situ Electrolyte Replacement
Abstract:The rapidly increasing power requirements of the objective force warrior's detection and communication equipment requires the development of advanced power sources beyond that of current battery technology. Soldiers bear the physical and logistical burden of carrying many pounds of batteries into missions. The development of novel high energy density personal power supplies can alleviate this burden for extended missions. Fuel cell power supplies are promising candidates to fulfill this role. The hazards of compressed hydrogen make the use of a high energy condensed phase fuel favorable. Methanol has been studied as a fuel, but anode activation and crossover problems are proving extremely difficult to overcome. Sodium borohydride, ammonia, and ammonia-borane complexes are high energy fuels, but are very difficult to use with PEM based fuel cells because of cation poisoning problems. However, cation poisoning is not an issue with alkaline fuel cells, so they present a highly promising alternative. Ammonia-borane has the advantage of being a stable room temperature solid that forms stable solutions in water. Lynntech proposes a direct ammonia-borane alkaline fuel cell power supply to meet the portable power needs of the Army. Lynntech has novel electrolyte matrix materials that permit in-situ electrolyte replacement.

MICROCELL TECHNOLOGIES
410 Great Road, Suite C-2
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 952-6947
Dr. Michael C. Kimble
ARMY 04-069       Awarded: 02DEC04
Title:Compact Alkaline Fuel Cell System
Abstract:Compact power sources are desired by the military for soldier applications that have improved energy capacities over 1000 W-hr/kg, a level that cannot be met by today's state-of-the-art batteries. Consequently, fuel cell power systems coupled with liquid fuel storage options such as methanol are being developed to produce 20 W for these soldier applications. Little attention has been paid to using alkaline fuel cell technology for these applications with the preferred approach being variants of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell. However, recent development work in alkaline fuel cell technology at MicroCell Technologies has shown that a compact alkaline fuel cell power system is feasible that can operate directly with methanol fuel. With an operational goal of 72 hours over a two week period, our alkaline fuel cell system may produce 20 watts with an energy capacity greater than 1000 W-hr/kg in a compact system. During the Phase I program, we will demonstrate the fundamental operation of methanol and air in an alkaline fuel cell system along with a compact system design. Performance evaluations will be conducted to demonstrate the compatibility of methanol with the alkaline system for a two-week mission duration.

PROTONEX TECHNOLOGY CORP.
153 Northboro Road
Southborough, MA 01772
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 490-9960
Dr. Mohammad Enayetullah
ARMY 04-069       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Compact 20 Watt Alkaline Electrolyte DMFC System
Abstract:Protonex proposes to develop a methanol fueled alkaline fuel cell (AFC) stack and corresponding system that can supply 20Watts for a period up to three days. During the proposed effort, the team of Protonex Technology and ICET, Inc. will jointly develop an alkaline electrolyte based Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC). The proposed effort will allow the development of cost effective, manufacturable DMFC; alkaline DMFCs, unlike their acid counterparts, do not require MEAs, presently the most costly and complex stack component. Phase I tasks include alkaline/MeOH electrode design/development (ICET) and alkaline DMFC stack development/manufacturing (Protonex). Phase II work will be dedicated to development of a completely functional pre-commercial 20 Watt alkaline DMFC system designed specifically for the U.S. Army's application. The project team is highly qualified to develop the proposed system. Protonex is the leader in development of small (10 to 1000Watt) H2/Air fuel cell stacks and corresponding systems. Specifically, Protonex has developed H2/Air stacks and systems that are best in class in terms of weight, volume and cost. ICET has considerable fuel cell expertise, including electrode fabrication and testing, catalyst development/preparation (for methanol oxidation reaction and oxygen MeOH tolerant reduction catalysts) and macrocyclic catalyst discovery/synthesis.

REVEO, INC.
85 Executive Blvd
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 798-3724
Mr. Lin-Feng Li
ARMY 04-069       Awarded: 02DEC04
Title:Compact Alkaline Fuel Cell System
Abstract:The Army has a strong need for a very high-energy density (> 1000 WH/kg), lightweight power source for communications and other advanced electronic devices. The possible solution is replacing the battery with a hydrogen based proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. However, hydrogen storage and handling is a problem. Direct oxidation fuel cell (DOFC) with a PEM is quite attractive alternative. However, due to slow reduction and oxidation kinetics in the acidic media and fuel crossover issue, those systems have not reached their full potentials. It is well known that electrochemical oxidation of fuel and electrochemical reductions of oxygen are kinetically more favorable in an alkaline media at low temperature (T < 100oC). Furthermore, alkaline electrolyte offers the best prospects for using non-noble metal as the catalyst. So an alkaline electrolyte based direct oxidation fuel cell might provide a promising route toward the compact, high specific energy power sources. Based on our extensive experience in the field of metal air fuel technology, we have come up with several innovative solutions. The objective of this proposal is well aligned with the program objectives, to design, construct and evaluate a portable AFC.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Russell Kurtz
ARMY 04-070       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Standoff LIBS Element Detection Sensor
Abstract:Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is becoming the method of choice for detection of chemical and biological agents, but has yet to make the transition from a laboratory tool to a UGV-mountable system. Therefore, to address the Army need for a portable, UGV-mountable integrated LIBS sensor with 100 m standoff capability, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new standoff LIBS Element Detection Sensor (SLEDS) system. This system is based on a combination of an innovative short-pulse laser system, advanced nonimaging collection optics, and a modification of the unique POC MIMS spectral analysis system. The SLEDS will feature high resolution in multiple simultaneous bands selected by the design, enabling it to rapidly and accurately detect and classify chemicals in the field. The SLEDS system will be rugged, compact lightweight, energy-efficient, and affordable. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SLEDS by a combination of computer analysis and a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II POC plans to optimize the SLEDS for the specific needs of the U.S. Army, including fabrication of an engineering test prototype for delivery to the Army Research Laboratory.

SPECTRAL IMAGING LABORATORY
1785 Locust St. #10
Pasadena, CA 91106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 578-0626
Dr. Francis Reininger
ARMY 04-070       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:High Sensitivity Standoff LIBS Technology
Abstract:The U.S. Army has the need for a compact, laser-induced breakdown spectrometer (LIBS) capable of standoff detection from a range of 100 meters. In a LIBS system, the laser fires at a target to create a micro-plasma emission of radiation that can be analyzed by its spectrometer. The LIBS technique has been used extensively to quantify contaminants in metal alloys, paints, and soils. The Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has been testing LIBS for the detection of chemical warfare agents, bacterial spores, molds, pollens, and proteins. Commercially available LIBS systems use multiple grating spectrometers to reveal the elemental composition of the target from its 0.2 - 1 micron wavelength emission signature. The Spectral Imaging Laboratory (SPILAB) proposes the development of a lower cost system based on a single, high throughput optical module that can also be used for long range, open-path LIBS detection. During Phase 1 SPILAB will design the new optical module, build a novel open-path beam delivery/collection system, and test it with various lasers.

AGAVE BIOSYSTEMS, INC.
P.O. Box 80010
Austin, TX 78708
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Dr. Theresa Curtis
ARMY 04-071       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:ECIS Wound Healing High-Throughput Assay
Abstract:Healing of a wound is a complex and protracted process of tissue repair and remodeling in response to injury. Understanding how the body repairs damaged tissue and what genes and biochemical factors influence the wound healing process will have tremendous impact on the treatment of chronic wounds and the regeneration of tissue and organ function after injury. To facilitate the discovery of genes and compounds that are involved in wound healing, Agave BioSystems will develop an in vitro cell based system that will allow high-throughput analysis of genes and chemical compounds that may have a therapeutic affect in wound healing. This high-throughput, in vitro, wound healing assay will utilize small interfering RNA to specifically interfere with the function of genes of interest and Electric Cell-Substrate Impedance Sensing (ECIS) to non-invasively monitor the kinetics of fibroblast and epithelial wound healing.

BIOMEDICAL STRATEGIES LLC
2450 Azure Coast Drive
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 643-9302
Dr. Frederick Cahn
ARMY 04-071       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Repair, Regeneration, and Differentiation in Humans
Abstract:We wish to develop a mouse model of wound healing that is based in part on recent advances in genetic analysis, such as genome maps and oligonucleotide arrays for analyzing gene expression, as well as on mouse strains having mutants that over or under-express molecules that have been shown to be important in wound healing. The power of our approach is that it combines these genetic tools with a clinically proven "artificial skin" technology of Yannas and Burke that enables scarless tissue regeneration of the dermis in full thickness skin wounds. By developing a mouse model of the healing of dermal wounds by artificial skin we will be able to analyze and compare dermal tissue repair (scar formation) vs. dermal regeneration in detail. This information can help us develop improved medical devices not only for tissue regeneration of skin, but also other organs, especially nervous tissue. Our objective is to gain a molecular understanding of tissue regeneration that can enable us to improve existing skin and nerve regeneration medical devices and to extend tissue regeneration to other important tissues.

MOLECULAR EXPRESS, INC.
13310 SOUTH FIGUEROA STREET
LOS ANGELES, CA 90061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 538-9534
Dr. Gary Fujii
ARMY 04-071       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Repair, Regeneration, and Differentiation in Humans
Abstract:Although improvements in body armor have had a significant impact on reducing mortality in soldiers, ballistic damage to appendages such as arms and legs often results in loss of function or loss of the entire limb, leading to significant reductions in warfighter capability, and an increased medical logistics burden. At present, the ability to restore appendages or organ function in humans is marginal. However, the fact that many vertebrate organisms can regenerate developing limb buds and that humans can regenerate the tips of their fingers suggest that the genetic capacity for regeneration is present but "turned off" in adult humans. Consequently, a genetic and biochemical understanding of how regeneration occurs in an adult salamander could lead to insights as to how to "turn on" the latent regeneration cascade in humans, hence, leading to significant new therapies for battlefield wounds. This SBIR application proposes to address the general problem of tissue repair and regeneration in mammals by using the Urodele salamander's ability to grow an ectopic limb as an assay to rapidly screen different factors for regenerative activity. We believe that the development and use of this assay will eventually lead to the discovery and development of strategies for promoting the scarless healing of wounds and even the regeneration of severely damaged limbs.

SYNTHASOME, INC.
3030 Bunker Hill, Suite 308
San Diego, CA 92109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 490-9401
Dr. Anthony Ratcliffe
ARMY 04-071       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Assay System for Cartilage and Bone Regeneration
Abstract:A model system that can replicate features in cartilage and bone embryonic development will provide a critical tool for determining pathways for tissue regeneration. The objective of this Phase I application is to establish a 3D culture containing human MSCs expressing a chondrogenic or osteogenic phenotype, as a mechanically functional model system for the assessment of agents and growth conditions that can induce cartilage and bone formation, with appropriate molecular, cellular and tissue outcome measures. In order to achieve this objective the following Specific Aims will be performed. Specific Aim 1: Demonstrate the formation of cartilage and bone extracellular matrix using a 3D hydrogel-scaffold assembled composite seeded with MSCs, and cultured in the presence and absence of chondrogenic or osteogenic culture conditions using a factoral design of experiment (DOE). Specific Aim 2: Demonstrate the use of this construct system in a multi-well format. Successful implementation of this Phase I SBIR project will result in proof of concept for a new model system that can be used to assess the molecular and cellular activities during cartilage and bone regeneration in vitro.

COHERENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
135 S. Taylor Avenue
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-2000
Dr. Scott Shald
ARMY 04-072       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Low-Cost Portable Lidar Wind Profiler
Abstract:The Army requires accurate sensing of low-level winds in order to accurately predict the dispersion of chemical or biological agents. Currently, towers equipped with multiple in-situ sensors are used for this measurement, but such towers are expensive and difficult to move, and it may not be possible to erect them in urban areas. Coherent Technologies, Inc. (CTI) proposes to solve this problem with a ground based, remote sensing, eye-safe wind lidar, providing 3D range-resolved wind measurements with accuracy and update time matching in-situ sensors. The sensor provides 10 m range resolution at 10 Hz from 10 m up to at least 100 m range, with component wind accuracy on the 10 cm/s level. The proposed sensor draws from CTI's extensive experience in remote wind sensing, providing a compact, mobile, inexpensive, low-risk solution. The Phase I effort will analyze potential sensor configurations and identify the optimal approach, based upon cost, complexity, and performance. The culmination of the Phase I effort will be a preliminary sensor design. The Phase II effort will develop, test, and demonstrate the prototype sensor based upon the Phase I design.

SOUTHWEST SCIENCES, INC.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 272-1323
Dr. David Christian Hovde
ARMY 04-072       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Imaging Lidar for Profiling the Atmospheric Surface Layer
Abstract:This SBIR project will investigate a coherent imaging lidar system for measuring 3D wind fields using commercial off-the-shelf components. The system is designed to achieve high spatial resolution, enabling the measurement of eddy structures important in turbulent transport. The Phase I research will model the system to determine the conditions necessary to achieve accurate wind speed measurements and demonstrate the approach with laboratory measurements.

CHEMMOTIF, INC.
60 Thoreau Street, Suite 211
Concord, MA 01742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 376-9911
Dr. Mark T. Spitler
ARMY 04-073       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Visual Stoichiometry Breaking in Linear Response Chemical Test Strips
Abstract:In this phase I SBIR contract novel methods will be developed to enhance the perception by the human eye of signal change in color change test strips that detect chemicals, contaminants, and hazardous materials. Modern concepts of human vision and digital imaging will be combined to create readout images on the test strips so that the user obtains sharp and unambiguous signals from exposed strips. Demonstrations of this technology will be made on different color change test strips that are of importance to first responder community and military personnel exposed to chemical warfare agents and other hazardous materials.

CONTINUUM DYNAMICS, INC.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Dr. Robert M. McKillip, Jr.
ARMY 04-075       Awarded: 11DEC04
Title:A Hybrid Optical/GPS System for UAV Formation Flight Control
Abstract:UAV operations in known icing conditions present a problem whose solution critically depends upon their flight testing in artificial icing environments. Unfortunately, instrumentation, control, and operational procedures have yet to be developed to support this testing behind manned aircraft, such as the U.S. Army CH-47 Helicopter Icing Spray System (HISS), that may produce the artificial icing cloud. The proposed work leverages a high-fidelity flight simulation tool to support the design and development of a sensor and controller package to enable this capability. The hybrid system combines both GPS guidance and optical detection of the UAV in trail flight to ensure that the UAV maintains a tightly controlled position within the icing spray cloud, while executing safe ingress and egress flight profiles as it approaches and departs the area of the CH-47 HISS aircraft. Phase I will provide risk reduction of the hybrid approach through tradeoff studies, comprehensive simulations, and benchtop tests. The simulation environment will leverage considerable CDI experience in highly accurate flowfield predictions around helicopter and fixed wing platforms, and will be used in a real-time evaluation of various control schemes for validation of the general system approach. Phase II will demonstrate the system on a small UAV platform.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Bogdan R. Cosofret
ARMY 04-076       Awarded: 27DEC04
Title:Imaging Sensor Constellation for Tomographic Chemical Plume Mapping
Abstract:In this proposal, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) outlines the development of an imaging system which passively tracks and quantifies chemical clouds via computed tomography. The system proposed by PSI will be capable of imaging in the 8-11 micron region with a spectral resolution of 8-10 cm^-1, and an NESR of 1-2 W cm^-2 sr^-1 m^-1. The system will be capable of detecting the chemical cloud from a standoff distance of 1.5 km, and to beyond 300 m downwind of the plume release point with a spatial resolution of 6 meters per pixel. The estimated lower limit for column density detection is dependent on the temperature differential between the chemical cloud and background of the scene, as well as the absorption coefficient of the chemical species being detected. For a chemical species such as TEP, the proposed sensor will be able to detect as low as 230 mg/m^2 column density in conditions where the temperature differential between chemical cloud and background is as low as 3 K. Column density measurements from two or more sensors will be fed into the PSI tomographic algorithm for generation of the three dimensional density distribution of the chemical cloud across the field of view.

SENTIENT CORP.
850 Energy Drive, Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 522-8560
Mr. Sean Marble
ARMY 04-077       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Prognostic Wear Prediction Tool for BlackHawk Hanger Bearings
Abstract:Hanger bearing failures occur unexpectedly and have resulted in loss of aircraft and life in both military and civilian rotorcraft. New Health and Usage Monitoring Systems (HUMS) that are currently being demonstrated on the UH-60 include sensing capabilities that offer the potential to diagnose and predict hanger bearing problems with sufficient lead time to prevent catastrophic failure. However, diagnostic algorithms and fault progression models that address the specific failure modes observed in hanger bearings, such as lubricant depletion and thermal runaway, are still needed to provide an effective prognostic capability. Sentient Corporation will leverage directly related prior work to develop an accurate and effective prognostic capability for the UH-60 hanger bearing application and will integrate that capability into the Goodrich open architecture HUMS. State-of-the-art sensing and diagnostic capabilities will be combined with Sentient's proven model of bearing wear/fatigue and new models that address lubrication and thermal effects unique to this application. In-house bearing tests will provide ample development and validation data. Sentient's extensive prior research in this area will reduce technical risk and enable greater progress than would otherwise be possible during Phase I, and collaboration with Goodrich Aerospace will ensure a successful HUMS integration in Phases II and III.

ANACAPA SCIENCES, INC.
301 East Carrillo Street 2FL, P. O. Box 519
Santa Barbara, CA 93102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-6157
Dr. Steven P. Rogers
ARMY 04-078       Awarded: 06DEC04
Title:Obstacle Display for Hover in Degraded Visual Environments
Abstract:The objective of this topic is to design a Rotorcraft Obstacle Avoidance Display (ROAD) for hover in degraded visual environments clearly showing the spatial relationships between the aircraft and potentially dangerous terrain and other obstacles. The ROAD will provide pilots with an easily understood display of obstacles 360 degrees around the aircraft and provide auditory or tactile alerts to the cue the pilot to the most immediate threats. The pilot interface design concepts to be developed will ensure that the ROAD is useful during approach-to-landing, hover, landing, and take-off maneuvers. Expert Army and civilian pilots will participate in structured interviews regarding required obstacle avoidance display system properties while performing confined area maneuvers at night in a rotorcraft flight simulator. The results of the studies and pilot comments will be analyzed and summarized preparatory to full-scale simulator-based experiments to be conducted in Phase II

ARM AUTOMATION, INC.
14141 West Hwy 290, Suite 700
Austin, TX 78737
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 894-3534
Dr. Joseph Geisinger
ARMY 04-079       Selected for Award
Title:Electromechanical Actuator Controller Technology
Abstract:Recent advances in available electromechanical actuator (EMA) technology have created the opportunity to replace many hydraulic actuation systems on board aerial vehicles with advantageous "all-electric" flight control systems. This replacement of hydraulics with electrics offers the potential for life-cycle cost savings, performance enhancement and reductions in the maintenance efforts aboard US Army aerial systems. This proposal outlines the adaptation of a novel form of industrial EMA controller technology for use in the demanding application of rotorcraft flight control systems. This proposed effort leverages the latest advances in electro-mechanical componentry and makes use of the proposing party's significant design experience in embedded electronics for demanding applications and technology base in the area of all-electric actuation systems.

TOUCHSTONE RESEARCH LABORATORY, LTD.
The Millennium Centre, R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
Mr. Randy Handley
ARMY 04-080       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Carbon Foam for CREST Combat
Abstract:The Army has a need to identify, develop, test, and validate an electromagnetic interference (EMI) suppression technology and associated implementation processes that, when applied to U.S. Army combat helicopter avionics equipment modifications or upgrades, eliminate or drastically reduce the need to re-conduct electromagnetic/electronic environmental effects (E3) testing. This effort will identify and develop EMI performance and cost enhancements through the analysis, design, and demonstrations of an advanced EMI material. EMI, structural and thermal management properties will be evaluated and presented for the highest payoff, near-term insertion of advanced EMI technologies into desired system requirements of the Army. Touchstone Research Laboratory has a carbon foam material called "CFOAMr", which is inexpensive, lightweight, easily machined, and fire- and corrosion-resistant. Once carbonized to greater than 1000C, CFOAM is a natural EMI shield, capable of 60dB effectiveness in the 20M Hz to 18G Hz frequency range and can provide structures or enclosures for a broad application of avionics EMI suppression systems.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Dr. Randolph Jones
ARMY 04-081       Selected for Award
Title:Automated Air Traffic Control (ATC)
Abstract:This Phase I proposal describes a study for determining the feasibility of developing an automated air traffic control (AutoATC) capability for military simulation. We describe an integrative vision of a network-based cognitive systems approach to developing an AutoATC that will provide ATC control to aircraft in rear, close, and forward operations. The AutoATC will interact with human and simulated entities in the battlespace, using voice and data link technologies. Feasibility will be determined by gathering requirements on how the AutoATC would perform technically, integrate with legacy systems, and be used in simulation-based training or experimentation. With the help of former Army ATCs and simulation operators, we will gather requirements using different task analysis techniques to gauge the breadth of the ATC task. We will evaluate current technology, including various COTS and GOTS simulation environments, distributed simulation protocols, and voice interface technology to determine what technology exists to meet the requirements for an AutoATC, and what gaps would need to be filled with new development. In Phase I, we will develop a plan for filling these gaps, and describe an integration path to pull these pieces together.

DOMZALSKI MACHINE
332 W. Stanford Ave
Gilbert, AZ 85233
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 738-5902
Mr. David Domzalski
ARMY 04-082       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Advanced Flow Control Actuators for Fuselage Drag Reduction
Abstract:The use of oscillatory jet active flow control offers the opportunity to dramatically reduce the parasitic drag of helicopter fueslages and their mission equipment without compromise of utility. A new class of actuator, flight qualification of actuators, and an integrated electronic driver and controller will make possible an efficient full-scale installation and flight test.

VIRTUAL AEROSURFACE TECHNOLOGIES
75 Fifth St. NW, Ste. 305
Atlanta, GA 30308
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 385-2185
Dr. Thomas Crittenden
ARMY 04-082       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Advanced Flow Control Actuators for Fuselage Drag Reduction
Abstract:Virtual Aerosurface Technologies, Inc. proposes an SBIR program for the adaptation of combustion powered actuation (COMPACT) flow control devices to the task of fuselage drag reduction on rotorcraft. COMPACT uses a small-scale combustion process to produce high velocity pulsed jets for flow control applications and has previously demonstrated strong control authority for reattachment of separated flows. The COMPACT actuators will be used in conjunction with MEMS-based wireless pressure sensors developed at Georgia Tech to form the basis for a complete closed-loop system for flow control. This approach will have the significant advantage of utilizing components for actuation and sensing which will have no moving components exposed to the external environment, thus increasing reliability and endurance under harsh operating environments. Phase I of the program will focus on testing the actuators and sensors under harsh environmental conditions, including developing test cells for and quantifying the effects of rain, dust, ice, external sound pressure levels, and vibration. A Phase I Option would develop new prototypes where necessary to mitigate the environmental effects observed and to provide an initial design and test of the actuator/sensor closed-loop control. Finally, Phase II would focus on integration of the system into a full-scale helicopter fuselage structure.

AERODYN ENGINEERING, INC.
5220 West 79th Street
Indianapolis, IN 46268
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 334-1523
Mr. David Lawrence
ARMY 04-083       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Advanced Stress Measurement Technologies for Small Turbine Engines
Abstract:Aerodyn proposes to develop a new concept in slip ring design that would culminate in a new class of high speed slip rings that could operate up to 90,000 RPM with 50 contacts (25 channels), be capable of handling temperatures up to 700 F without external cooling support, have a bandwidth of 200 KHz, weigh less than 2 lb, and be designed to directly support new developments in small turboshaft engines. With active cooling the new slip ring design is expected to be able to withstand up to 1300 F.

HOOD TECHNOLOGY CORP.
1750 Country Club Road
Hood River, OR 97031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 387-2288
Dr. Andreas von Flotow
ARMY 04-083       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Non-Intrusive Stress Measurement System for Small Turboshaft Engines
Abstract:Hood Technology, along with its partner Williams International, propose to develop, test and supply a Non-Intrusive Stress Measurement System (NSMS) designed specifically for small turboshaft engines. This system will address the issues of these small engines at the sensor, acquisition and software levels, providing a non-proprietary, commercial-based NSMS system tailored for this class of powerplants. The development and live engine testing of a system designed specifically for these engines will produce a common sensing and acquisition platform across a wide variety of applications; create sensors tailored to the temperature, high stress and small installation space required for these engines; develop software and hardware capable of acquiring the low-level and high frequency resonant mode signals peculiar to small turboshaft rotors; and provide a commercial, non-proprietary system capable of delivering NSMS Generation 4 resolution while measuring tip timing and tip clearance both in the laboratory and eventually on operational engines.

MOHAWK INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1037 Watervliet-Shaker Road
Albany, NY 12205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 862-4290
Dr. Hooshang Heshmat
ARMY 04-084       Selected for Award
Title:Oil Free Couplings For High Speed Turboshaft Engines
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to develop and demonstrate innovative oil-free methods of connecting future turboshaft/turboprop aircraft engines with their driven loads. To achieve these objectives, MiTi proposes a staged approach towards developing a lubricant-free coupling for foil or magnetic bearing supported rotors. During the base phase I program, MiTi will conduct tradeoff and a preliminary design of an advanced, lightweight high speed coupling system to connect future turboshaft/turboprop aircraft engines with their driven loads. These tradeoff studies will define the nominal range of design parameters, such as axial, radial and angular stiffness, coupling to shafting and gearbox stiffness ratios, etc., needed to achieve the program objectives. During the optional portion of the program, the results of the preliminary studies will be used to establish the coupling design to be tested during Phase II. Additionally, MiTir will review available in house test rig designs needed for the Phase II demonstration testing.

CONTINUUM DYNAMICS, INC.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Mr. Daniel A. Wachspress
ARMY 04-085       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Rotorcraft Brownout Aerodynamic Analysis and Flight Simulation
Abstract:A critical operational problem for current Army rotorcraft is the prediction of landing conditions in a sand/dust/snow laden environment where rotorwash picks up loose ground cover leading to a condition of obscured visibility known as "brownout". The proposed effort will develop both a comprehensive analysis and flight simulation tool able to predict the magnitude and distribution of visibility difficulties associated with brownout. An accelerated timetable is projected by integrating and enhancing several state-of-the-art technologies already in place at Continuum Dynamics, Inc. (CDI). These technologies include: CDI's CHARM full-span free-vortex wake model and fast panel fuselage/ground surface model for general rotorcraft flow fields in steady and transient flight including a real-time free wake option for flight simulation applications; CDI's Army-accredited LDTRAN/CB model of particle uptake, entrainment and transport; an enhanced version of the Army's GenHel flight simulation software; and CDI's VRML/X3D out-the-window display technology that already supports the rendering of visual obscuration. Building quickly on these validated technologies, it is expected that a prototype rotorcraft brownout analysis and flight simulation tool can be completed in Phase I, followed by a significant expansion of features, validation and packaging in Phase II including a real-time flight simulation capability.

INVERCON, LLC
Calder Square, P.O. Box 10229
State College, PA 16805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 876-3609
Dr. Joseph Szefi
ARMY 04-086       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Novel, High-Authority Flap Actuation Concepts using Single Crystal Stacks
Abstract:Piezoelectric flap actuators have exhibited inadequate levels of stroke and/or force required to produce angles of rotation in excess of 5 at 40 Hz. Single crystals represent a revolutionary advance in piezoelectric technology. Because crystal properties are significantly different than those of ceramic, crystal actuators require amplification techniques that are specifically tailored to crystal behavior. This proposal describes a high authority flap actuator concept for helicopter vibration control and noise suppression that will be designed for single crystal stack actuators. Invercon will evaluate the feasibility of using crystals together with two complimentary flap actuation concepts. The first is a high-displacement buckling beam actuator concept, which is well-suited for single crystal stack actuation. The second is a general method to mechanically tune and electrically tailor any electromechanical actuator for high robustness and authority at resonance. Buckling beam actuators should dramatically outperform state-of-the-art flap actuators, with the capability of displacing a 36" flap 9.5? at 40 Hz rotating at 400 RPM. Such actuators are simpler and significantly lighter than existing designs, as well. The Phase I will investigate the feasibility of using a buckling beam flap and crystal actuation in collaboration with manufacturer TRS Ceramics, Inc and researchers at the Pennsylvania State University.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Peter Chen
ARMY 04-086       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Single Crystal Piezoelectric Actuators for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Techno-Sciences, Inc. (TSi), in collaboration with the Smart Structures Laboratory of the Alfred Gessow Rotorcraft Center at the University of Maryland (UMD), proposes to develop an innovative Active Pitch Link (APL) Technology for improved active rotor performance. The APL will exploit superior performance characteristics of new single crystal ferroelectric material, PMN, and nano-particle enhanced magneto-rheological (MR) fluid technology. This hybrid device efficiently marries two high-energy density electromechanical materials, PMN ferroelectric material and magnetorheological fluids, to provide full-scale rotor control. A low hysteresis high stroke PMN stack will be used to drive a hydraulic pump and develop a flow rate through a standard double-ended hydraulic actuator. Bidirectional control of the hydraulic actuator will be achieved using magnetorheological flow control valves arranged in a hydraulic power circuit.

RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, INC.
11772 Sorrento Valley Road, Suite 260
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 259-7541
Dr. Jalees Ahmad
ARMY 04-087       Selected for Award
Title:Improved Models for Coated CMC Components with Severe Thermal Gradients
Abstract:Innovative research and development leading to a dual-use advanced technology product is proposed. The product is a methodology and associated software for design and life prediction of ceramic matrix composite (CMC) propulsion components with and without environmental barrier coatings (EBCs). The methodology would be applicable to a broad class of CMCs for military and commercial applications. A Physics-Based mechanistic modeling approach is proposed to minimize the need for extensive long term testing of CMCs, while providing a pragmatic approach for cost effective material selection and design for long-term durability under severe thermal gradients. The approach includes direct consideration of relevant damage mechanisms and environmental degradation. Phase I will involve characterization of the mechanistic model for CMC materials selected by GE Aircraft Engines. The models will then be used for predicting the outcome of selected benchmark and sub-element tests. Predictions will be compared with experimental measurements to assess the modeling approach and feasibility for a comprehensive methodology development in Phase II. The proposed product is a comprehensive design and life prediction methodology and associate software for its implementation.

METACOMP TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
28632 Roadside Drive, #255
Agoura Hills, CA 91301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 735-4883
Dr. Uriel Goldberg
ARMY 04-088       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Integration of Active Flow Control Concepts into Rotorcraft Analyses
Abstract:Metacomp Technologies proposes an innovative approach to simulate, through modeling, the effect of flow-control actuators on the flow. In this approach the underlying flow is simulated using URANS (Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes) or LES (Large Eddy Simulation). The flow induced by the actuator itself is modeled in a way that is not affected by the time-step size used to integrate the base flow. This approach also obviates the need to resolve the smaller spatial scales (dictated by the size of the actuators). The proposed approach is ideal for efficient, cost-effective simulation of large scale flow control.

ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1685 Plymouth Street, Suite 250
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Dr. Chengjian He
ARMY 04-089       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Ducted Fan Model for Real-Time Rotorcraft Flight Simulation
Abstract:There have been increased applications of the ducted/shrouded fan as a safe, low noise, and effective anti-torque device for modern rotorcraft. Ducted/shrouded fans have also attracted much interest as the main VTOL lifting devices for recent uninhabited air vehicle (UAV) developments because of their compact structure and high lifting performance. This proposal is dedicated to the development of an accurate and efficient ducted fan simulation for helicopter anti-torque and UAV lifting applications. This will be done through (1) the development of an efficient blade element fan model; (2) the development of duct aerodynamic models; (3) the development of a coupled duct-fan model. Efforts will also be made to develop an effective and efficient rotor/airframe/duct/fan interaction model. The model will provide a comprehensive modeling and analysis tool to support the simulation of rotorcraft and VTOL air vehicles configured with ducted fan devices.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Gaurav Bajpai
ARMY 04-090       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:High performance observers for rotorcraft control
Abstract:The objective of the project is the development of a reliable methodology to implement analytical redundancy in rotorcraft platforms. Techno-Sciences, Inc.(TSi) proposes the development of sensor reconfiguration based on systematic and verifiable principles of estimator design. Supervisory control architecture needed to implement and evaluate the techniques is addressed. In Phase I all the techniques will be demonstrated using adequately constructed simulations and a rotorcraft platform as a benchmark. Phase II will focus on transition of proposed techniques to other rotorcraft platforms. The overall effort will be useful for all Department of defense unmanned and manned vehicle platforms.

METSS CORP.
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Dr. Donald Bigg
ARMY 04-091       Selected for Award
Title:Crashworthy Ballistic Tolerant Fuel Tank Weight Reduction
Abstract:METSS proposes to develop a lightweight, low cost, self-sealing fuel tank for use on helicopters and other aircraft. METSS will demonstrate that existing materials can be combined in a multi-component structure to produce a reduced weight fuel tank that is stable to the JP8 fuel and will self-seal upon impact from a 14.5 mm AP projectile. The base structure of the tank will be produced from a tough nitrile rubber. Additional ballistic resistance will be added to the tank via advanced, high strength, fibrous reinforcing layers. The additional strength provided by these layers will enable the tank to be made of thinner, thus lighter layers. The self-sealing capability will be enhanced to seal against a 14.5 mm projectile by increasing the expansion capability of the rubber that expands on contact with JP8. Moreover, by enhancing the ballistic impact resistance of the tank by the high strength reinforcing layers the overall magnitude of the damage site will be reduced, thus reducing the size of the hole that the self-sealing layer must expand into. Additional weight will be lost by relocation of the heavily reinforced fuel line fittings and access panels. METSS will show that all of this can be accomplished at a reasonable cost, using existing process technology.

PRODUCTION PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING & SALES, INC.
1285 Dunn Road
St. Louis, MO 63138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(314) 868-3500
Mrs. Kelli Corona-Bittick
ARMY 04-091       Selected for Award
Title:Crashworthy Ballistic Tolerant Fuel Tank Weight Reduction
Abstract:Production Products and the University of Delaware - Center for Composite Materials (UD-CCM) will develop a 200-gallon fuel tank design concept that will be 50% less parasitic weight than the current lowest weight crashworthy, ballistically tolerant, self-sealing (Type I) tank construction at 0.9 lb/ft2. This design will meet the requirements of MIL-DTS-27422C and withstand the threshold threat of 0.50 Caliber and objective threat of 14.5mm AP projectiles. The program will be based upon our expertise in filament winding and capabilities in modeling/analysis of composite structures and ballistic materials. In Phase I we will conduct an analytical and experimental engineering evaluation of the design concept for a lighter weight 200-gallon fuel tank. We will down select materials that will make up a multi-layer fuel tank wall and will fully establish the feasibility of each layer to the function of the fuel tank. We will evaluate and down select alternate materials and processes, and establish firm design requirements for all parameters of the fuel tank system so as to meet the Army requirements defined for this program. The fuel tank designs will be considered by on weight, scalability, and cost. It will also be designed for ease of installation, operation, removal and replacement.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Jonathan D. Pfautz
ARMY 04-092       Awarded: 01DEC04
Title:Multimodal Interface Toolkit for UAV Systems (MITUS)
Abstract:Future Army missions will rely on a variety of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) that require advanced human-system interfaces (HSIs) to achieve mission success in challenging operational environments. Multimodal interfaces, because of their advantages in perceptual bandwidth maximization, represent one particularly promising approach to HSI implementation. To support the development of these advanced HSIs, we propose to design and prototype a Multimodal Interface Toolkit for UAV Systems (MITUS). Three core tasks characterize our approach. First, we will perform a cognitive task analysis on a representative demonstration scenario to: identify sources of information and types of inputs to UAV systems; develop general requirements for operator input and information display; define situational influences on these displays and input requirements; and identify display elements in existing and planned UAV interface systems. Second, we will design and demonstrate feasibility a toolkit that will support the rapid prototyping of new multimodal display and control concepts using readily available hardware and software systems, as well as the integration of these concepts with existing or planned UAV control stations. Third, we will develop a methodology for assessing the impact of each interface concept, including measures of improvement in both task performance and operator situation awareness.

MILITARY SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
1018 W 9th Ave, Suite 202
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 354-9100
Mr. Robert Lee
ARMY 04-093       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Particulate Erosion Predictions for Helicopter Rotor Blades
Abstract:An analytical erosion prediction capability will be developed for helicopter rotor blades exposed to sandy environments and rain. The overall problem is divided into five components each requiring its own input parameters and computational tools. These five components are: characterization of the aerodynamic flow fields created by helicopter rotor blades, establishment of the particle impact conditions associated with these flow fields, formulation of computational mechanics descriptions for the particle interactions with a rotor blade, introduction of criteria for damage initiation, growth, and material removal, and development of methods to predict material removal from an eroding surface. The Phase I effort will consider conventional and innovative approaches that can be pursued for each of these components. They will be evaluated in terms of their implementation, preserving the physically significant features in each component, and their compatibility with the approaches for the other components. The input required for each component will be identified and refined as the program proceeds into Phase II where the general methodology will be acted upon using the most relevant computer codes and the input required collected from the existing literature to the extent that it is available. Work on all five components can be carried out simultaneously since they require input from a number of different fields.

INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3250 Ocean Park Blvd., Suite 100
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Dr. Azad M. Madni
ARMY 04-094       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:AgileTectureT: A Methodology and Toolkit for Agile Design and Dynamic Reconfiguration of C4ISR Architectures
Abstract:C4ISR systems continue to increase in architectural complexity with concomitant increase in development costs. Today, C4ISR architecture development is a labor-intensive predominantly manual process that is supported with limited automation. Commercial tools on the market today fall short of meeting DoD Architecture Framework guidelines for scalability and a fully integrated system that captures and reconciles operational, systems, and technical perspectives. Today, there is a crucial requirement for DoDAF-compliant C4ISR architecture design tools that also enable "on-the-fly" adaptation of the C4ISR architecture to reflect new task organization structures. The proposed effort is intended to develop a toolkit that supports both C4ISR architecture design as well as dynamic architecture reconfiguration in response to new task organizations created during tactical mission planning. Phase I of this effort will establish the feasibility of such a tool that can run in a standalone or client-server mode over a secure Internet.

TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC.
10201 Lee Highway, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 691-7781
Mr. Michael Stoddard
ARMY 04-094       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:C4ISR Architecture and Tactical Systems Planning Tool
Abstract:As technology has advanced, the complexity of systems has increased geometrically. The environments encompassing these systems must increase in scope to fully understand the impact of requirements and design changes. Trident's work with the Naval Collaborative Engineering Environment (NCEE) has helped to establish a baseline environment around our InterchangeSE technology and an approach which will be used in determining the requirements of this initial full scale environment including a detailed architectural specification based on those requirements. Under the NCEE, some initial research was performed into the development of a Schema that would allow engineering data to be stored coherently in a common repository. This schema is based on system engineering standards such as IEEE 1220 and EIA 632 and extended to support DODOF and UML. We are currently updating that schema to be CADM compliant and being able to import and export CADM XML. This integrated environment runs on a standard commercial desktop platform, uses a commercially available database, is capable of either stand-alone use or in a distributed client-server fashion, is secure (installed on SIPRNET at NSWCDD), performs configuration management of the data, provides access controls at the individual attribute level, and informs users of changes in data marked as important to them. There is support for open standards for sharing data such as XML and CSV as well as an open API for third party developers to build applications to communicate and share data with the repository. Finally, Trident Systems has performed research with InterchangeSE and web services which, if fully integrated would provide a service-based environment compatible with the emerging network centric enterprise system.

DE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3620 Horizon Drive
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 832-7570
Mr. Mark E. Majerus
ARMY 04-095       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Remote Controlled Mine Neutralizer
Abstract:The Army's SBIR Topic A04-095, Remotely Controlled Neutralization Techniques for Mine Clearance, seeks a system that is able to effectively neutralizations mines, via remote control, in a timely manner. DE Technologies Inc has a suite of munitions that have demonstrated the required neutralization performance. These munitions embody the technology found in ESMB, Mongoose, GSTAMIDS, and other programs. They are highly effective and neutralize the mine in less than a second. DE Technologies Inc herein proposes to investigate the adaptation of these proven, small munitions to a remote controlled vehicle for the delivery and precision alignment. Much of the proposed technology is commercial, off-the-shelf hardware. DET envisions a system that would cost substantially less than a thousand dollars for each deployment and neutralization. This system could also be applied to the neutralization of Improvised Explosive Devices or road-side bombs.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5249
Dr. Goutam Satapathy
ARMY 04-096       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:DEC-POMDP Stochastic Game Approach for Uncertain MultiAgent Systems
Abstract:The key innovation builds on the decentralized partially observable markov decision processes theory to model unmanned vehicles (UVs) that engage in stochastic game formulations for collaborative teaming and computing joint optimal policies. Prior models consider purely collaborative agents which have identical payoff functions contrary to the human-centric models. We incorporate agent self-interestedness in the payoff functions and maximize expected team reward. Learning components are incorporated in the agents to reduce the search space for optimal actions given a history of world observations. It is our intuition that such a framework would provide computationally tractable performance even though DEC-POMDP are shown to be NEXP-complete with no communication. The framework would have host of generic algorithms that can be easily adapted as per the scenario definition like target tracking, formation flying, planning etc. The proposed approach can be implemented on CybeleTM agent DSSI (Decision support system infrastructure) capability built by IAI to model agent beliefs, actions and rewards with hooks for the environment simulation. Cybele infrastructure has been tested on CDC environment (e.g., wireless PDAs), which allows users to develop agent applications and algorithms, simulate the algorithms and directly deploy the software on wireless networked environment, enabling hardware in the loop simulations.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Dr. Scott Wood
ARMY 04-096       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Advanced Algorithms for Unmanned Systems Resource Optimization
Abstract:To reduce commander and staff workload in the full spectrum of battlefield management, we propose to create a network of agent modules that enable effective control of multiple robotic elements. In this network, each agent serves as an expert in one or more of the required knowledge areas, and is integrated with other agents, forming a panel of advisors to a central decision-making control agent, the human user, or both. Key requirements for this network include the abilities to understand doctrinal and task requirements; learn new situations and recognize learned patterns; understand commander and enemy intent; collect, filter and fuse relevant information; adapt mixed-initiative interaction; propose optimal solutions when possible and sufficient solutions when necessary; explain reasoning and actions when requested; identify and communicate when user intervention is critical; perform robustly in the face of uncertain, inaccurate or misleading information; and be tolerant of human and system error. Successful advancement toward these requirements will enable an initial simulation-based control system to be developed, that can support future research to refine and develop human-system interfaces and underlying intelligence for embedded autonomy.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Paul Shnitser
ARMY 04-097       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Self-Mixing Interferometric Speedometer
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a self-contained navigation subsystem, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Self-Mixing Interferometric Speedometer (SMIS). The SMIS will reliably trace the movement of a dismounted soldier with respect to the ground, floor, walls, trees, or other stable objects and surface. The SMIS is based on POC's extensive experience with laser Doppler velocimetry. Integrating state-of-the-art self-mixing laser diode interferometry with commercial off-the-shelf components, the SMIS will have advantages that include small size, light weight, low cost, high reliability, low power consumption, and high accuracy. The SMIS can be incorporated into Army sensor platforms to measure velocity, displacement, and vibration. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the SMIS by building an initial prototype for laboratory testing at POC's on materials representative of an urban environment. In Phase II POC will design and develop the full scale SMIS prototype and perform field tests specified by the Army.

BELLE AEROSPACE CORP.
2237 Warrenville Ave.
Wheaton, IL 60187
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 430-1926
Mr. John J. Belle
ARMY 04-098       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Power The Force: Future Force Power Systems- Critical Enabler for Army Transformation
Abstract:Efficient and portable POWER, to drive the Military's Future Combat technology and equipment is the key to a successful Future Force. Belle Aerospace Corporation is proposing a very compact, lightweight portable power generation system for use in small Military Tactical Generators (MTG) in the 250 to 2000 Watt power range. Using a proven generator and power electronics technology from Hamilton Sundstrand, combined with a unique efficient power head configuration provided by Belle Aerospace Corporation will provide Women Marine portable MTG for the U.S. ARMY. BAC's proposed generator system concept will be reliable in a battlefield environment, compact, lightweight, quiet, fuel-efficient (use heavy fuels, such as DF-1, DF-2, and JP8), and capable of supporting a wide variety of field equipment, including the Future Combat System (FCS) network. BAC's diesel engine concept uses high speeds to reduce size and weight. BAC's engine provides a means to increase electric power density ratio. In addition, BAC's unique design improves reliability through part reduction and the use of proven technology, while maintaining specific fuel consumption rates.

PEREGRINE POWER LLC
27350 SW 95th Avenue, Suite 3030
Wilsonville, OR 97070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 682-7001
Mr. Dallas A. Marckx
ARMY 04-098       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Power Conversion Using Silicon Carbide
Abstract:Silicon carbide (SiC)semiconductors offer revolutionary improvements in power electronics due to much lower conduction and switching losses, higher switching frequencies, higher voltage capability, higher operating temperatures and other superior properties relative to standard silicon. Losses in a converter will be decreased by a factor of ten, frequency will be increased by a factor of ten and size/weight will be reduced by a factor of five. These translate directly to greater mobility for nearly all power sources, including variable speed (VS) gensets, fuel cells, PV cells and nearly all of the scavenging methods being considered by the Army and Navy. After several decades of development, SiC semiconductors are nearing introduction, particularly at low power. Based in part on prior work, the applicant will develop baseline SiC technology for use in a wide variety of Army applications in the 250 watt to 2,000 watt range, and also higher power levels. The initial effort will focus on a SiC converter for a 2 kW MTG with VS capability. The converter will be integrated tightly into the end of the PM generator. Generator/converter integration is possible for the first time due to the high temperature capability of the SiC switch (over 400 degrees C)compared to a standard silicon switch (125 degree C). In the base work, a preliminary design will be completed and assessed. In the optional work, several prototype SiC MOSFETs appropriate for this converter will be fabricated in a TO-220 package.

STIRLING TECHNOLOGY CO.
4208 West Clearwater Ave
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 735-4700
Dr. Songgang Qiu
ARMY 04-098       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Power The Force: Future Force Power Systems- Critical Enabler for Army Transformation
Abstract:Advancements in military communications technology will enable better information gathering and decision making but require reliable, robust, quiet, and highly portable electrical power that can be provided by a Free-Piston Stirling Engine generator system. Stirling Technology Company's (STC) experience with space power systems indicates that substantial mass reduction can be achieved through material selection, advanced alternator and heater head designs, and system-level optimization. STC experience with low-cost commercial Combined Heat and Power systems provides cost reduction approaches including assembly improvements, and part redesigns to use automated processes such as stamping and casting. STC will leverage previous mass and cost reduction research into a conceptual design for a Lightweight Stirling Power System design in the 1- to 2-kW range capable of powering Future Combat System hardware in vehicle, robotic, or man-portable platforms.

LIGHTCLOUD SOFTWARE
3964 Vierra St.
Pleasanton, CA 94566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 485-9816
Mrs. Elaine Lusher
ARMY 04-099       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Biometric Authentication and Secure Information Services for Wireless Devices
Abstract:Security concerns have constrained widespread use of small wireless devices for computing. Flaws include the lack of tight over-the-air security in the IEEE 802.11 standard and the lack of strong authentication. While IEEE 802.11 flaws, such as the weak encryption method, are being addressed, strong authentication has not been pursued by wireless vendors. Most current authentication methods rely on passwords, which are not fully secure and require the user to remember cryptic data. Biometric authentication, if highly accurate, would provide strong device security and allow user services to be appropriately restricted. For classified military applications and proprietary enterprise applications, such as legal applications (where the law mandates client-attorney confidentiality) and medical applications (where patient confidentiality must be protected), weak authentication methods are insufficient. Should the device fall into hostile/unauthenticated hands, compromised security could have serious military or legal consequences. The objective of this project is to research state-of-the-art biometric methods and design a software architecture incorporating biometric authentication and offering user and security services based upon valid authentication.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mr. Curtis Wu
ARMY 04-100       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Mobile Agent Network Topology and Routing Adaptation (MANTRA)
Abstract:Army Transformation requires a force that can see first, understand first, act first and finish decisively. This requires an information system that can obtain, deliver, and interpret information in a timely manner. This poses special problems for a highly dynamic mobile network with limited bandwidth and computing such as those found in the dismounted warrior systems. Mobile agent architectures such as the Extensible Mobile Agent Architecture (EMAA) provide a framework for meeting this goal in dismounted warrior systems. In addition to the framework, the network must have the logic to be self-adaptive, so changes to the topology or provided services are automatically taken into account. The logic that drives the agents must allow user commands to be efficiently executed to minimize data flow and minimize execution time. We propose to address these needs by designing and implementing agents that adapt to network conditions and ensure that task agents move and operate optimally. Specifically we envision a Status Agent residing on each node to maintain and propagate information on the network status and a Command Agent residing on each node to configure mobile agents with a statically optimized Agent Itinerary and the necessary Agent Control Logic to dynamically optimize its itinerary.

STREAMSAGE
1016 16th Street, NW, Suite 200
Washington, DC 20036
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 722-2440
Ms. Evelyne Tzoukermann
ARMY 04-101       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Arabic Speech-Centered Machine Translation System
Abstract:Today there is an incredible and rapidly growing amount of Arabic broadcast data available over the air and digitally. Furthermore this media is of high interest to governments and corporations worldwide. In the proposed work, StreamSage proposes to develop a new type of recognition and translation system that would greatly improve the accuracy with which the deluge of broadcast content can be automatically transcribed and translated for use by non-Arabic speakers. At the crux of the proposed system are new approaches for greatly reducing the errors in Arabic speech recognition and reducing the effect of recognition errors on translation accuracy. The goal of the project is to translate Arabic speech to English text with nearly the same accuracy as translating Arabic text to English by constructing a translation system from the ground up with a focus on the unique difficulties presented by spoken language.

UNIVERSAL DISPLAY CORP.
375 Phillips Blvd
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 671-0980
Dr. Anna Chwang
ARMY 04-102       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Full Color, Flexible, Day/Nighttime Displays for Mobile Battle Command Environments
Abstract:The goal of this U.S. Army CERDEC SBIR Program is to design, develop, prototype, and demonstrate a full color, flexible, hands free Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) display to increase the operational capability of Commanders in day and nighttime conditions. Universal Display Corporation (UDC) is developing advanced organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology based on their proprietary high-efficiency phosphorescent OLED (PHOLEDT), transparent OLED (TOLEDT) and flexible OLED (FOLEDr) technologies. The development of novel infrared-emitting PHOLED pixels integrated with UDC's visible color PHOLED technologies and a poly-Si TFT backplane on flexible metal foil is the best solution to meet the Army's flexible display requirements. These technologies will enable a high information content display that will not give away a Commander's position or location during nighttime situations and therefore will avoid signature detection. In Phase I we propose to demonstrate infrared-emitting PHOLED pixels on glass substrates. In a Phase 1 option, we will develop top emission IR pixels on metal foil substrates. In a subsequent Phase 2 we propose to demonstrate a flexible, low power consumption phosphorescent IR emitting AM-OLED display with both visible and infrared pixels providing visible high information content information during daylight operation and avoiding visual signature detection at night.

LOCUS, INC.
5540 Research Park Drive, Fitchburg Center
Madison, WI 53711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 270-0500
Mr. Dick Ferrier
ARMY 04-103       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Handheld Positioning/Navigation System for Urban and Indoor Environments
Abstract:Earlier studies on Locus' new Loran technology demonstrated that Loran signals can be received in urban/indoor environments where GPS is unavailable, but additional development was needed to utilize Loran's advantages in these applications. Nevertheless, it is clear that a combination of technologies will be needed to meet US Army needs for handheld positioning and navigation systems. Locus has advanced its Loran technology, but for Loran to function as a sensor within an integrated navigation, positioning, and communication system, receiver size and power requirements must be reduced. Under an Army program, Multispectral Solutions, Inc. (MSSI) is developing an ultra wideband (UWB) range measurement radio system to determine the location of all nodes in an urban or indoor environment. Integration with GPS and Loran will ultimately be required to provide a reference datum. Locus, Inc. Phase I SBIR program will define the necessary development steps to enable use of Loran as an alternate sensor within an UWB system. The Phase I program investigates three key areas regarding size and power consumption of the existing Loran technology: antenna, signal acquisition chain, and receiver board. In addition, Locus will review UWB interface requirements with MSSI, and incorporate those requirements into the Phase II program.

GIRD SYSTEMS, INC.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
Mr. Bruce Hart
ARMY 04-104       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Co-Channel Interference Mitigation Test Apparatus
Abstract:The airborne collection environment will encounter a large degree of its operations in an environment predominated by co-channel interference. While no currently available product or algorithm is capable of mitigating all sources of co-channel interference, existing techniques may be used either independently or in combination to address many typical scenarios. An innovative system is proposed which incorporates novel algorithms. The proposed capability will result in improved performance and decreased cost for mitigation of co-channel interference.

VERSATILE INFORMATION SYSTEMS, INC.
5 Mountainview Drive
Framingham, MA 01701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 285-0315
Dr. Christopher J. Matheus
ARMY 04-105       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:An Ontologically-Based Data Fusion Model
Abstract:Information fusion is part of most military and commercial systems that must collect and process information from sensors and other sources. Systems of this type are extremely complex and thus require sound engineering principles to guide the development process. The JDL Model of Data Fusion has proven useful for this purpose over the past couple decades but it is showing signs of aging. As such it is no longer sufficient to deal with the growing emphasis on higher levels of fusion, nor can it fully accommodate the new and emerging technologies that are defining the net-centric environments of the twenty-first century. We propose to develop a reference model for information fusion that extends and refines the JDL model and provides a formal mathematical basis for the design and development of fusion tools and systems. This model will be vetted through communication and interaction with the fusion community with the ultimate intent of generating a Request for Proposal (RFP) for the standardization of a fusion model by the Object Management Group (OMG).

NAVSYS CORP.
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Dr. Alison Brown
ARMY 04-106       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Integrated Wideband Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) Sensor
Abstract:Although wideband SIGINT receivers are available from numerous sources, they all require other devices to provide SIGINT processing functionality. In addition, they also need other inputs required for SIGINT operations such as GPS, navigation and frequency reference. Presently, such systems require multiple chassis and connections that have duplicate functions and components driving up the cost and system size. The objective of this effort is to develop a small, man-portable wideband Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) sensor with embedded Global Positioning System (GPS) and INS processing to provide a complete SIGINT sensor in a single unit. Our proposed solution is to develop a Wideband Software Defined Radio based on our existing portable Software GPS Receiver design. This allows precise emitter identification and geolocation to be performed using the GPS derived timing and positioning information in a networked architecture. Under the Phase I effort we shall develop a design for a Wide-Band SDR and demonstrate that the design provides adequate digital shielding, RF signal fidelity, low phase noise, high selectivity and dynamic range and consistent RF and digital performance over environmental conditions to support precision signal measurement functions.

NETWORKFAB CORP.
2066 Walsh Avenue Suite B2
Santa Clara, CA 95050
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 567-0106
Mr. Lars Karlsson
ARMY 04-106       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Integrated Wideband Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) Sensor
Abstract:Today's SIGINT systems need to perform more tasks than ever before. This requires separate, often bulky, pieces of equipment connected by many cables. Employing multiple boxes does not conform to the U.S. Army's Future Combat Systems vision of fielding an "Objective Force" that is lighter, more mobile, agile, and sustainable. Therefore, what is needed is a product that can perform all these SIGINT functions in one single sensor unit. Field operations will be greatly enhanced by such a smaller, lighter one-box solution. In addition, the solution must also have the ability to interface with other military services, government agencies and coalition partners. The product must ultimately be strategically responsive and act as part of a network of sensors, platforms, and command nodes linked by high-speed communications. It is within the capabilities, and the goals, of NetworkFab to provide such a solution. Combining NetworkFab's existing wideband receiver capability, digital drop receivers, DF algorithms, specialized software, and TCP/IP networking capability with GPS, specialized software, and compact integration is the heart of this proposal. When successful, such a solution will help to transform the U.S. Army into the FCS vision of a supremely agile, spectrum dominant force for the 21st century.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Richard Kaszeta
ARMY 04-107       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:A Java API for Low-Level Socket Network Access
Abstract:Modern military computer applications are increasingly using the Java computer language. While Java provides a versatile cross-platform computing environment with strong security and ease-of-use (java.net.Socket), this support is limited to traditional TCP/IP socket-style communications, and lacks the ability for the programmer to directly access lower levels of the network protocol stack, such as raw sockets. Creare proposes the development of a Java API which uses a native code library allowing Java programs to manipulate raw sockets through a consistent and secure interface. This API would allow Java programs to directly implement low-level networking sockets, such as packet filtering, packet sniffing and manipulation of low-level IP or transport layer data. In Phase I, we will research implementing raw sockets in Java, report on the feasibility and implications of such an implementation, and create an application that demonstrates a subset of this prototype API. In Phase II, we will further develop the API to include a broad range of raw socket features (including support for higher level network stack protocols and headers, such as TCP and UDP). The end result of Phase II will be a complete raw socket API that can be used in a wide variety of Java networking applications.

AUSTIN INFO SYSTEMS, INC.
301 Camp Craft Road
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 329-6661
Dr. David Read
ARMY 04-108       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Advanced Visualization Support of Higher-Level Fusion Processes
Abstract:Research in visualization of multi-int data to improve the fusion process has taken recently taken on multiple approaches. In particular, link analysis diagrams have become popular for visualizing relationships between friendly, threat, unknown and NGA entities. Link analysis diagrams, while powerful, are often difficult to input data, navigate, filter and visualize content. They often are not integrated with existing intelligence tools. This research will aid level 2 fusion by providing capability in the following areas: aggregation of entities from multiple perspectives, easy/dynamic grouping of entities, dynamic filtering and grouping, integration with existing intelligence data, and integration with existing intelligence products including maps. Techniques for aggregation based on features and attributes will include: Feature prediction, multivariate statistics, principal component analysis and resampling for validation. In phase I of this effort AIS will research and the best means for providing these capabilities, provide a prototype integrated with realistic or real-world data, provide a road map for transition of these capabilities into future efforts including FCS and DCGS-A. Phase II will result in the development of the prototype "Multi-INT Visualization Tools (MVTools)" that will be integrated and tested within an FCS application to demonstrate the effectiveness of the product.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Jonathan D. Pfautz
ARMY 04-108       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:A Toolkit for Building Interfaces for Operator-in-the-Loop Data Fusion (BIFOLD)
Abstract:Decision-making in modern warfare environments is characterized by large amounts of complex information from a variety of systems that must be rapidly processed by the commander. Part of this complexity is due to poor data fusion and part due to added meta-information, or, information qualifiers (e.g., reliability) that increase the commander's burden. Effective human-system interfaces that intelligently incorporate meta-information, while helping visualize the fusion process, relieve the decision-maker's workload and enable situationally aware decisions. We propose to tackle this problem by designing and prototyping a toolkit for Building Interfaces For Operator-in-the-Loop Data Fusion (BIFOLD). Three core tasks characterize our approach. First, we will revise the JDL Data Fusion Model to incorporate operator visualization of, and interaction with, the Level 2 fusion process. Second, we will perform a cognitive task analysis to identify the operator's information and meta-information requirements and to define a human performance model for guiding interface design. Third, we will prototype a toolkit containing generic interface methods for operator-in-the-loop data fusion. We will leverage our expertise in human performance and interface design to develop the BIFOLD toolkit, interface it with an existing in-house data fusion application, and evaluate its potential to support other fusion-based Future Combat System applications.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Mr. Deak Feken
ARMY 04-111       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Low Cost Radio Based ID and Position Reporting System
Abstract:The US military has a developed and is testing several technologies that promise to reduce fratricide incidents on the battlefield. These Radio-Based Combat Identification Systems consist of specially modified, currently inventoried, military radio systems. These systems do not allow identification of friendly forces using commercial radio systems and, therefore, such personnel may be targeted. Nomadics will implement a low-cost approach to the modification of commercial radio systems to provide not only identification of the system but also the system's location. The proposed approach will be based on an existing system used by the amateur radio community. This system incorporates the basic requirements of a commercial radio-based identification system, including GPS position reporting. The system could automatically, or by interrogation, identify and locate all other units involved in the operation. Some systems could support display of asset identities and locations of the interrogated units. This project will focus on the enhancements required to provide the level of speed, security, and robustness necessary for a reliable, rugged, and user-friendly commercial field-deployable system that can be integrated with military systems.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd, Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 954-2200
Mr. Joseph Salzman
ARMY 04-112       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Ultra-Lightweight Moving Target Indicator (MTI) Radar for Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) and Organic Aerial Vehicles (OAV)
Abstract:In an effort to enhance the OAV and UGS missions within the context of the Future Force vision, the Army has a need for an ultra-lightweight (objective: 2 lb) MTI radar sensor capable of 360 deg detection of moving dismounted troops at ranges of up to 3 km (objective) in desert terrain, under windless conditions and near-zero platform speed. TSC proposes a novel MTI Omni-directional Radar concept that can be implemented with currently available RF MEMS, A/D converters, and FPGA technologies. Using low peak transmitter power to reduce detectability and enhance mission survivability, the Light MTIOR concept provides detection of dismounts at ranges to 3 km, with sufficient angle resolution to cue an EO/IR sensor for further imaging. It is anticipated that, provided a high level of component integration, the concept will meet the objective weight during pre-production or production phases of development. During Phase I, TSC will investigate the feasibility of the Light MTIOR concept, demonstrate its detection and angle measurement capability via closed-form analyses and simulations, and develop a preliminary design for Phase II ground-based and tower demonstration tests.

BRIDGEWAVE COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
3350 Thomas Road
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 567-6951
Mr. Sean Cahill
ARMY 04-113       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Wireless Local Area Network (LAN) Based Surveillance System
Abstract:A wireless LAN (WLAN) for an airborne surveillance application uses the 60GHz band, providing GigE speed, no interference with surveillance frequencies, based on adaptation of our proven point to point wireless GigE technology. The system operation is similar to existing WLANs, such as 802.11, however much higher speed can be obtained by the antenna beam-shape and the availability 7GHz-wide unlicensed spectrum. The key new development is an adaptive, highly-directional antenna and the beam steering algorithms. Our demonstrated millimeter-wave MEMS ability is likely to play a key role in facilitating this antenna. The end product will be a GigE WLAN, adaptable to wide range of application and end-user instruments by adding local adaptors as required to facilitate a complete surveillance system or, eventually, any high speed WLAN. Our Phase I key activities are to define the propagation environment, antenna concept, beam forming algorithms, and make preliminary tests of actual propagation and interference.

MAXION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6525 Belcrest Road, Suite G60
Hyattsville, MD 20782
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 699-0232
Dr. Richard P. Leavitt
ARMY 04-114       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Quantum-Cascade-Laser-Based Systems for LWIR Military Applications
Abstract:We propose to develop new quantum cascade-laser (QCL) based systems useful for military platform and perimeter protection, free space communications, infrared countermeasures, and chemical sensing applications. New QCL structures will be designed and optimized, and a careful thermal analysis will be performed to determine cooler requirements and the best cooler design for a system operating at or near room temperature in the LWIR (8.5 - 12 micron) wavelength band producing on the order of 0.5 W average power at a 25% duty cycle. Various laser configurations will be investigated, including a master oscillator/power amplifier (MOPA) configuration with a QCL-based oscillator chip coupled to a grating to form an external cavity laser that provides a tunable source of nearly monochromatic light to a QCL-based semiconductor optical amplifier chip.

MP TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Dr. Steven Slivken
ARMY 04-114       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:High Average Power Quantum Cascade Lasers for Long Wavelength Infrared Applications
Abstract:The goal of this project is to determine the feasibility of a long wave infrared (8.5-12 micron) semiconductor laser source that can operate near ambient temperature with several hundred mWs of average output power. At present, the main focus will be placed on the quantum cascade laser, which has already demonstrated high performance in this wavelength range at ambient temperature. Intrinsic performance will be studied as a function of operating wavelength and laser geometry in order to determine the optimum configuration for high average power operation.

TRION TECHNOLOGY
1025 South 52nd Street
Tempe, AZ 85281
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 968-8818
Mr. John Joseph
ARMY 04-114       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Longwave Infrared Semiconductor Lasers
Abstract:This program focuses on the development of novel high-temperature and high-power longwave infrared (LWIR) quantum cascade lasers operating in the 8 to 12 m window, for military countermeasures, chemical and biological sensing, remote atmospheric sensing and imaging, noninvasive inspection of semiconductor wafers, and secure free-space communications. Such devices can be compact and enabling. The objectives proposed for Phase I and Phase I Option are the theoretical simulation and design of the device structure including injection efficiency and active region design, the growth of test samples to study and regulate the emission wavelength, and the fabrication of in-plane lasers to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed sources. We will also implement newly developed MBE growth technology that improves the performance and yield of quantum cascade lasers.

OCEANIT LABORATORIES, INC.
1001 Bishop Street, ASB Tower, Suite 2970
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Dr. Ken Cheung
ARMY 04-115       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Mobile Sensor Systems for Intelligence Collection Using Doppler Shifting of Existing Communication Technology
Abstract:Wireless communication signals can be used to detect human vital signs by measuring the Doppler shift of the returning signal. It is possible to use ambient wireless signals in the environment such as from cordless and mobile phones as a microwave Doppler radar to remotely and accurately measure an individual's pulse and respiration. Because of the range of typical frequencies involved, it is also possible for Doppler radar to measure vital signs through barriers such as drywall, cement and other non-metal construction materials. In addition, advanced signal processing techniques, combined with innovative hardware design could allow for not only detection of an individual through a wall but also the number and relative positions of multiple subjects. This Phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility of sensing multiple individuals' vital signs through a wall and lay the groundwork for developing techniques to measure relative positions of multiple personnel through a wall.

FAIRCHILD IMAGING
1801 McCarthy Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 433-2663
Mr. Rex Bordwell
ARMY 04-116       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Interline CCD for Low light Imagery
Abstract:There is a distinct need to replace the current Gen III image intensifier imaging system with an all solid-state low light level camera. Between the two potential silicon solid-state image sensor technologies, the CCD is the preferred choice since it generally has higher QE, lower dark current and better uniformity than the state-of-the-art CMOS imager. To meet the performance requirements under overcast starlight level conditions with no or minimum cooling, the dark current of a conventional CCD needs to be further reduced. In addition, given the high dynamic that the camera must support, a conventional CCD (even with anti-blooming structure) may have a potential smear problem where a bright spot in the image causes smearing in the associated column during the vertical register transfer time. The smear will result in extra electron injection into other pixels within that column, causing extra shot noise that degrades the image quality. In this work we will design a high performance, interline frame transfer CCD that will achieve 10pA/cm? dark current, or less than 2 electrons per pixel per frame. The CCD architecture will have minimum smearing even when the bright region in the image is 100 times stronger than the sensor saturation level.

SENSORS UNLIMITED, INC.
3490 U.S. Route 1, Building 12
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 524-0257
Dr. J. Christopher Dries
ARMY 04-116       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:A 1920x1080 Pixel Visible and Shortwave Infrared Focal Plane Array and Camera for Night Vision Imaging
Abstract:Sensors Unlimited will design, develop, and deliver a 1920x1080 element InGaAs focal plane array based camera for use in BOTH the Visible and Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) wavelength bands. Using Sensors Unlimited's proven InP substrate removal process, the short wavelength response of an InGaAs focal plane array is extended, such that the wavelength response spans from the visible (400 nm and 20% quantum efficiency) to the SWIR (1700 nm and 80% quantum efficiency). In addition, a readout integrated circuit architecture with in-pixel current amplification is utilized to achieve "noiseless" gains similar to those obtained by charge multiplying CCD image sensors. During phase I, our current 640x512 buffered input gate modulated readout integrated circuit architecture will be scaled to the 1920x1080 format at the schematic and modeling design level, with circuit layout taking place during the Phase I option period. In addition, we will demonstrate 1920x1080 pixel bump bonding technology with substrate removal on a 12.5 micron pixel pitch during Phase I. During Phase II, the readout integrated circuit and substrate removed InGaAs photodiode arrays will be fabricated and mated to miniature camera electronics, similar to our existing 320x256 MicroCamera platform.

AGILTRON CORP.
220 Ballardvale St., Suite D
Wilmington, MA 01887
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 694-1006
Dr. Jack Salerno
ARMY 04-117       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Waveband-Switchable Low Cost IR Camera
Abstract:Based on our recent progress in a proprietary optical MEMS IR camera technology, Agiltron Inc. proposes to develop a revolutionary approach to produce an uncooled IR imager whose operation band is switchable between broadband coverage of the combined MWIR and LWIR spectrum and only the MWIR region. The design has fundamental advantages in cost and performance compared with the competitive approaches. The uncooled operation offers attractive attributes of a compact, lightweight, low power, rugged, and long operating life device. The innovation is based on a new photoelectric sensing pixel made of micro-machined thermo-mechanical cantilevers that directly convert the IR image into a visible image with self-background noise cancellation capability. The approach facilitates the use of highly sensitive IR sensing materials without the obstacle of processing incompatibilities. This provides an unprecedented opportunity to produce an affordable uncooled bolometer IR imager by eliminating the need for costly electronic amplification and fan-out. The optical means provides instantaneous readout without the need for scanning that limits the operation speed. High sensitivity is anticipated due to the excellent pixel thermal isolation configuration. Moreover, the simple design potentially leads to large pixel array due to its high manufacture yield. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility and a fully functional prototype will be produced in Phase II.

BLACK FOREST ENGINEERING, LLC
1879 Austin Bluffs Parkway
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 593-9501
Dr. Stephen Gaalema
ARMY 04-117       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Uncooled Midwave Focal Plane Array (FPA) and Camera for RPG Detection
Abstract:Uncooled Focal Plane Array (UFPA) technology has evolved such that high performance can be achieved in both the medium wavelength infrared (MWIR 3-5 micron) and long wavelength infrared (LWIR 8-14 micron) bands. The main reason for this performance improvement has been increased thermal isolation of the bolometric sensing element. High performance can be achieved in both the MWIR and LWIR with a single detector, with a broadband response, and a switchable filter. Black Forest Engineering will investigate and design an uncooled camera employing microbolometers that meets the following specifications: NETD < 150mK referenced to f/1 optics with 90% transmission and radiation pass band of 3.0-micron to 5.0-micron observing an ideal black body at 300 K operating at 60 frames per second and has a switchable filter to allow for receiving 3 to 13 um radiation. The UFPA will have a resolution of 320x240 or more pixels with a pixel pitch less than 50.0 micron.

BRIMROSE CORP.OF AMERICA
5024 Campbell Blvd.,, Suite E
Baltimore, MD 21236
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 668-5800
Dr. Chen Chia Wang
ARMY 04-118       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Acoustic Landmine Detection: INTERFEROMETER-LESS PULSED LASER VIBROMETER FOR LANDMINE DETECTION
Abstract:A light-weight, compact, high sensitivity pulsed laser vibrometer is proposed using photo-EMF sensors for the non-contact detection and mapping of buried landmines. The fast response times (~ ns) and high sensitivity of the photo-EMF sensors allow continuous and real-time monitoring of vibration characteristics of the ground and canopy based on which the presence and species of landmines can be determined with high precision and fast speed. The high sensitivity of the proposed pulsed laser vibrometer allows the deployment of low average-power laser sources and the reduction of collection optics sizes, leading to compact laser vibrometers that are easy to manipulate, power-conservative, and ideal for landmine detection onboard a vehicle or an aircraft. The interferometer-less feature of the photo-EMF pulsed laser vibrometer alleviates it from the stringent optical alignment and stabilization requirements faced by conventional optical interferometer-based apparatus and makes it ideal for applications in noisy environments like the battlefields. The feasibility of using the photo-EMF pulsed laser vibrometer to locate buried landmines will be demonstrated during the Phase I program, with the relevant signal processing algorithms also developed. A prototype pulsed laser vibrometer for landmine detection in battlefield environments will be developed during the Phase II research program.

AMETHYST RESEARCH, INC.
701 South Broadway
Tishomingo, OK 73460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 227-9414
Dr. Weiliang Xu
ARMY 04-119       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Passivation of Dislocation Defects by Hydrogenation for High Performance Longwave Infrared (LWIR) HgCdTe on Silicon
Abstract:For reasons primarily related to a lack of a suitable lattice matched substrate and the need to integrate with Si ROIC's, there is a need for delivery of low defect density HgCdTe epilayers on Si. Despite the significant lattice mismatch between Si and HgCdTe several US companies have demonstrated that it is possible to obtain high performance MBE grown MWIR (3-5 microns)-HgCdTe devices on large area Si substrates. This MWIR success cannot, however, be directly translated to LWIR (8-12 microns)-HgCdTe detectors because of their increased sensitivity to material etch pit density. Due to this, it is necessary to develop techniques for reducing and/or electrically neutralizing the defects originating at the substrate/epilayer interface. It is well established that hydrogenation can be used to passivate defects in III-V and group IV semiconductor materials. Very little work has been reported on the effects, electrical or otherwise, of hydrogenation of II-VI materials. In this Phase I we propose to study the effects of hydrogenation on the electrical activity of defects in MBE grown HgCdTe epilayers on Si(211)B substrates. The results obtained in Phase I will be used to optimize a process technology to enable fabrication of high performance MBE grown LWIR HgCdTe on Si. In Phase II a prototype focal plane array will be fabricated using the passivation process developed and the performance demonstrated by acquiring 77K imagery.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Dr. Paul Boieriu
ARMY 04-119       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:High Performance Longwave Infrared (LWIR) HgCdTe on Silicon
Abstract:It is critical in the field on infrared imaging to reduce array costs and simultaneously improve their performance. We propose to achieve both. The use of long wavelength infrared HgCdTe grown on Si substrates will reduce the array costs, increase its mechanical strength and permit the fabrication of larger area arrays than present-day technology based on bulk CdZnTe substrates. Performance enhancements result from the passivation of defects created by the lattice mismatch between HgCdTe and Si. We will develop a reliable method to passivate the electrical activity of defects such as dislocations in long-wavelength HgCdTe grown on Si. The success of this program will be demonstrated by the fabrication of high performance long-wavelength infrared detectors on Si substrates.

WAVEFRONT RESEARCH, INC.
616 West Broad Street
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 974-8977
Mr. Thomas A. Mitchell
ARMY 04-120       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPACT LIGHTWEIGHT LWIR HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGER
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I effort is to investigate, develop, and characterize a new class of high performance, compact, lightweight, LWIR hyperspectral imaging sensors enabled by an innovative design form and dispersing element technology that are suitable for use on uninhabited aerial vehicles (UAVs). The optical properties of these systems, including light gathering capability, spatial resolution, optical distortion, and other system parameters will be modeled and characterized, and estimates of performance metrics such as NEDT and NESR will be predicted.

LIGHTLINE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
254 Marked Tree Rd.
Needham, MA 02492
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 449-5297
Dr. Steven A. Lis
ARMY 04-121       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Passive Ranging with Motion Detection
Abstract:This program has the goal of using uncooled IR based sensor systems to provide real-time tracking of multiple objects in three dimensions. The goal includes operability in cluttered and realistic scene situations that are critical to military and surveillance applications. These goals are addressed by a novel approach to passive range determination that makes optimal use of the information carried by the optical wavefronts. The performance target for ranging is 1 meter resolution at a distance of 1000 meters from a single measurement. Precision range measurments with will be coupled with advanced tracking algorithms to provide real-time 3D scene interpretation. Because of the simplicity of the optical design and sophistication of available computer hardware, the complete system can have a form factor compatible with man-portable, or covert surveillance applications. Phase I program includes 1) model optical performance from accurate diffraction limited optical computer models, 2) develop software for coupling range information with motion detection and image tracking, 3) develop a detailed infrared system testing plan and 4) perform experiments verifying the fundamental range measurement method. A proposed Phase I Option program is aimed at incorporating wavefront coding into the 2D motion analysis system segment for advanced depth of field performance.

FOR3D., INC.
2627 Canterburry Drive
Santa Rosa, CA 95405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 572-0789
Dr. Alan Shulman
ARMY 04-122       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Innovative 3-D Imaging for Uncooled and Low Light Level Sensors
Abstract:Target identification, hazard recognition, situational awareness, and predicting an intersection collision point between two moving trajectories are some of the tasks that can be impacted by a 3d visualization system for a soldier. Traditional 3d techniques require two viewpoints to create stereo in a specific moment in time. For3d has been pioneering techniques to create accurate 3d visualization based on historical data and movement from a single sensor. Parallax and convergence problems, headache, costs and lack of depth information are some of the problems that have been mitigated by For3d's approach. Although it is well known that with enough processing power accurate 3d depth maps can be calculated from a series of raster images, it is not yet practical for real time applications For3d proposes to utilize camera image data mining techniques and human perception capabilities to create an accurate 3d visualization of a soldiers environment and situational factors from a single camera and seamlessly register mission database infromation with the real world.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Fedor Dimov
ARMY 04-123       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Viewbox Enhanced Wave-Guided Helmet Mounted Display Visor Optics
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for an ultrathin, wave-guided head-mounted display (HMD) for the Future Force Warrior (FFW), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Viewbox Enhanced Wave-guided (VIEW) HMD technology based on our demonstrated aberration-compensated waveguide holographic optical element (HOE) technology. The proposed approach will display high resolution color imagery over a field-of-view (FOV) of up to 90 degrees with a large eye motion box (>10 mm), and see-through capability. In this system, highly off-axis waveguide holograms make possible thin, low-profile visor optics for the HMD. POC's commercial product, Light Shaping Diffuser, for illumination and a specially designed narrowband red-green-blue multiplexed holographic optical element demonstrated previously will largely prevent the chromatic and geometric aberration introduced by conventional HOEs and refractive optics. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of VEIW-HMD by producing a thin test plate, containing a tapered waveguide and three-color hologram that together will direct visual information from the miniature SVGA display into the soldier's eye. In Phase II POC plans to deliver a hardware prototype of an advanced wave-guided head-mounted display system.

MIGMA SYSTEMS, INC.
1600 Providence Highway
Walpole, MA 02081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 660-0328
Dr. Bo Ling
ARMY 04-124       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Multi-Classifier Fusion and Nonparametric Decision for Landmine Detection
Abstract:Traditional techniques to detect and remove landmines are both dangerous and time consuming. Very little technology is currently employed in the real world for the detection of landmines. Metal detectors are effective against metal-based landmines, but many mines are plastic cased. Landmines are divided up into two broad classes: antitank (AT) mines, which are designed to impede the progress of or destroy vehicles, and antipersonnel (AP) mines, which are designed to kill and maim people. Landmine comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. They can be square, round, cylindrical, or bar shaped. The casing can be metal, plastic, or wood. These characteristics make the landmine detection challenging. An effective mine detection system should be capable of using all available thermal, spectral and spatial differences for discrimination. The main objective of this project is the development and implementation of a new landmine detection system with classifiers based on surface shapes, textures, comprehensive feature vectors and spectral structures. We propose to develop a set of new nonparametric hypothesis test schemes based on cluster trending analysis and randomness test. A new unsupervised neural network is proposed to cluster measurement data. All classifiers will be fused based on our LIM-based optimal fusion method.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mr. Vitaly Ablavsky
ARMY 04-125       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Non-Uniformity Correction Algorithm Suite (NUCAS)
Abstract:Warfighters depend on infrared focal plane array (IRFPA) sensors to detect and recognize targets in many situations. Unfortunately, modern IRFPAs still suffer from sensor non-uniformity, which can be even more limiting than low contrast or lack of resolution. To make matters worse, the non-uniform response exhibits temporal drift, making it impossible to perform a one-time calibration at the factory. There are two common techniques for non-uniformity correction: radiometric (which requires that the sensor be taken off-line for calibration) and scene based (using just the sensor data). Current scene-based non-uniformity correction techniques have limitations for static scenes as well as for dynamic scenes exhibiting complex motion. We propose to develop a suite of algorithms for non-uniformity correction. The starting point for this effort will be our real-time autonomous video enhancement system, which is capable of correcting numerous single- and multi-frame artifacts. We will use this system to develop algorithms for motion-based non-uniformity correction and for scene-based correction that is also radiometrically accurate. We employ a motion estimation algorithm that is sub-pixel accurate, can handle arbitrary changes in the scene and is robust to large amounts of noise. Lastly, we develop methods for handling scenes without any apparent motion.

IMAGECORP, INC.
6411 Ivy Lane #106
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 220-2123
Dr. Qinfen Zheng
ARMY 04-126       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Novel methods for Autonomous/Assisted Human Activity Modeling and Anomaly Detection
Abstract:Recognition of human intention using infrared video sequences has applications in surveillance. Although motion trajectories extracted from IR sequences contain significant information about the underlying event, we need a methodology to connect trajectories and intentions. ImageCorp, Inc proposes to implement two deformable-shape based descriptions for characterizing human intentions. The first one is based on the factorization of motion trajectories in terms of basis shapes such that every activity is represented as a weighted sum of basis shapes. When a video is given, the method extracts motion trajectories and identifies the closest activity using a similarity measure. If an unforeseen event occurs, the corresponding motion trajectory will be poorly represented by the existing basis shapes and so will be seen as an outlier. The second approach uses statistical shape theory for modeling the mean shape of the configurations of moving humans and its deformation over time. The mean shapes are represented using Markov processes, which enable us to derive conditions for identifying similar intentions as well as abnormal ones. Both approaches lend themselves for operator intervention and on-line training. We will evaluate the effectiveness of these two approaches using in house data and any sponsor provided data.

RKF ENGINEERING
1229 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 463-1564
Dr. Jeffrey Freedman
ARMY 04-127       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Modeling and Simulation of Spectral and Spatial Efficiency, Communications Bandwidth and Range Optimization and Security Performance in a Directional Networked Communications Environment
Abstract:RKF Engineering proposes the development of a software simulation system for designing, analyzing, testing and optimizing dynamic, on the move, directional networks. The proposed system will accept target design goals, concepts and constraints and sequentially analyze all aspects of the communications system and control all components of the environment. A graphical programming language interface will facilitate quick scenario and network setup. Visualization and interactive capabilities will allow the user to monitor and guide the design progress. Central to this software simulation tool will be a cognitive engine that will automatically examine candidate architectures and approaches leading to the optimal network design that meets the required objectives. With hundreds or potentially thousands of free parameters the design optimization will be extremely difficult and will have to rely on one or more advanced artificial intelligence approaches to develop candidate designs.

SAN DIEGO RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
6885 Flanders Drive, Suite A-B
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 623-9424
Dr. Bo Ryu
ARMY 04-127       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Multi-Tasking Assessment for Personnel Selection and Development
Abstract:Develop, validate and demonstrate a highly usable and versatile modeling and simulation tool enabling extensive comparative study between a wide variety of design considerations of directional communications using focused antenna beams.

HITTITE MICROWAVE CORP.
12 Elizabeth Drive
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-3343
Mr. Mitchell Shifrin
ARMY 04-128       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:High Efficiency Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Power Amplifiers For SATCOM
Abstract:This proposal is presented in response to the SBIR solicitation number A04-128 entitled, "High Efficiency MMIC Power Amplifiers for SATCOM". This proposal calls for the development of narrowband high efficiency power amplifiers at 30 and 44 GHz. In particular the program goal is to improve amplifier PAE from 15-20% to 40-60%. This improvement is essential to reduce system cost and size by simplifying cooling requirements. The solicitation suggests as one possibility the use of ferroelectric capacitors as tuning networks to achieve the efficiency goal. This proposal presents an expanded list of all the factors that must be addressed to achieve the aggressive efficiency goal. These factors include the device characteristics, class of operation, MMIC passive element characteristics, fundamental and harmonic terminations, matching network topology and losses, drive ratio considerations, MMIC level thermal management and packaging considerations. Further, in communications applications it is also important to consider the modulation characteristics as average amplifier efficiency can be substantially improved by improving amplifier linearity. The Phase I effort will include process technology review and selection, device modeling and characterization, amplifier designs including consideration of factors listed above. The resulting designs will be fabricated and evaluated during the Phase II program.

JJW CONSULTING, INC.
455 commack road
Deer Park, NY 11729
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 595-6602
Mr. Henry Paczkowski
ARMY 04-128       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:High Efficiency Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Power Amplifiers For SATCOM
Abstract:JJW is proposing a development of high power millimeter wave MMIC amplifiers at both Ka and Q-Band to be used in the SATCOM antennas for the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical(WIN-T and the Multiband Integrated Satellite Terminals (MIST) programs. The objective of the program is to develop high efficiency(>40%) MMIC amplifiers with power output in the 1.5 to 2watt range. The frequency of the Ka-Band Amplifier is 30 to 31GHz and the Q-Band amplifier is 43.5 to 45.5GHz.The primary application is phased arrays for the Army-On-the-Move platforms where present power amplifiers have efficiencies that range from 15 to 20% that results in exceesive power consumption, thermal problems, and poor reliability due to high channel temperatures. Based on a technological comparision of semiconductor that could potentially be used for this program, MHEMT was shown to have the highest probability of meeting the program technical objectives.

EFFICIENT CHANNEL CODING
600 Safeguard Plaza, Suite 100
Brookyln Hts, OH 44131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 635-1610
Dr. William Thesling
ARMY 04-129       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Networked Micro-Radios for Micro-UAVs
Abstract:In this proposed effort, Efficient Channel Coding (ECC) will validate various technologies and concepts for xSTREAM (eXtreme Streaming Transmitter-Receiver for Enhanced Application Micro-UAVs). xSTREAM is ECC's approach to enabling a self-contained, wireless, mobile, ad-hoc, power efficient communications for the US Army's Future Combat System Class II Micro-UAVs. The xSTREAM transceiver consists of a receiver for command and control and a transmitter for streaming of image, telemetry and other sensor data. The xSTREAM architecture is designed to be compatible within the architecture of the Joint Tactical Radio Systems (JTRS). The air interface waveforms will be based on the JTRS Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW) Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), Low Probability of Detection (LPD), and Antijam (AJ) waveforms. Extensions to these WNW Signals in Space (SiS), framing, and Medium Access Control (MAC) are provided to enable adaptive operation in a variable data rate and variable link conditions. Also, approaches to matching the variable data rate with variable rate image compression, header compression, and storage/playback will be investigated. Additionally, an onboard micro-network to provide a network from variable sensors and command interfaces will be developed. Finally, implementation techniques using the latest low-power programmable DSP and ASIC technologies will be applied to providing and miniature form-factor will be investigated. The result of the Phase I SBIR will be a conceptual design and hardware architecture for xSTREAM that can be prototyped in a Phase II SBIR.

KENT OPTRONICS, INC.
275 Martinel Dr., Suite W
Kent, OH 44240
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Dr. Le Li
ARMY 04-130       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Laser Agile Multibeam Payload
Abstract:This SBIR proposal introduces a stationary agile multi-Gb/s full field-of-regards (FOR) multi-beam multi-aperture optical beam steering modular (BSM) for military multimission hardware. With a near 4p field of regards (FOR), the BSM independently steers "N ? M" laser beams. It features compactness, fast slew rate, lightweight, low power consumption, and accurate beam pointing. The core component is a fast beam steering element featuring microsecond steering speed. When equipped with tunable lasers, the wavelength of each steered laser beam can be changed. The BSM can be readily integrated into current or future targeting, countermeasure, communication and tracking systems. It is expected that at the end of the Phase II program, the technical readiness level will reach 6. In Phase I, detailed design considerations will be given to the proposed BSM with emphasis on its future integration with the mentioned military systems. Performance aspects such as field of view, steered laser beam size, beam width, steering speed, beam number, laser power, and spectral tuning will be determined. The Phase I Option will start to develop the components for the BSM. In Phase II, prototype BSM will be developed and tested followed by Phase III commercialization for military as well as commercial applications.

MEGAWAVE CORP.
PO Box 614, 200 Shrewsbury St.
Boylston, MA 01505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 869-2700
Mr. Marshall Cross
ARMY 04-131       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:RF (Radio Frequency) Communications for Unattended Ground Sensor and Munition Systems
Abstract:This proposal describes our approach for the design of an UGS based small, innovative, conformal/flush antenna system covering the 225-500 MHz radio band that excites a linearly polarized wave along the earth and circularly polarized wave above approximately 10 degrees elevation angle. We will use a combination of structural (innovative shapes, sizes and helical wrapping techniques), novel nanotube loaded polymers as flexible, strong, lightweight, high dielectric loading materials to both reduce the antennas' dimensions and protect their elements. Also described is an efficient, accurate and innovative technique for both predicting 225-500 MHz link performance between UGS equipped with near-earth antennas and determining their optimum deployment density considering communications performance. Our proposed approach will adapt the recently formulated stochastic approach that is based on a "wandering photon" or random walk description of wave propagation which is capable of accurately calculating path loss using only two parameters: average obstacle density and average obstacle absorption coefficient for each UGS deployment area.

REMCOM, INC.
315 S. Allen St., Suite 222
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-1299
Mr. Joseph Schuster
ARMY 04-131       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Radio Frequency Communications for Unattended Ground Sensor and Munitions Systems
Abstract:A comprehensive electromagnetic software suite is proposed for designing small, low-altitude VHF/UHF antennas for use in a network of unattended ground sensors. The software suite will use physics-based propagation models, including full wave FDTD, UTD, and Parabolic Equation methods to evaluate of the communication channel between the sensors and intelligent munitions. The proposed software tools will be the first of their kind that allow engineers to properly couple antenna designs to the local surrounding environment and propagation path. The propagation models will take into account hills, surface roughness, ground dielectric constants, foliage and building interactions. The software will be used to design small antennas for use on the sensor. At least one design will incorporate the use metamaterials to reduce the phyhsical size. All designs will optimize the launching of the surface wave along the ground-air interface. At least one design will also include a circularly polarized space wave for communication with airborne antennas.

SCALABLE NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6071 Bristol Parkway; Suite 200
Culver City, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-3318
Dr. Richard Meyer
ARMY 04-132       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Scalable, Multi-Paradigm Modeling Framework for accurate analysis of large, next generation networks
Abstract:Hardware- and software-in-the-loop models offer an efficient and scalable approach for analysis of distributed C4ISR applications executing on heterogeneous networks. A virtual laboratory that integrates a small physical test-bed with a much larger simulated network, can incorporate realistic physical effects while simultaneously scaling the analysis to much larger networks than are physically accessible. The goal of this project is to develop PAMS, a PArallel, Multi-paradigm Modeling & Simulation environment for scalable, next generation networks. PAMS will provide a framework where distinct modeling paradigms (i.e., discrete event simulation models, analytical models, operational software, and physical networks) can be integrated seamlessly and interact with operational applications. Phase 1 of the project will produce a detailed design and a prototype implementation of the PAMS environment. A proof-of-concept demonstration will highlight use of PAMS for evaluation of Future Force network-centric technology components and applications in both virtual and live contexts. The communication scenario used for the Phase 1 demonstration will include communication obstacles, physical radios, and modeled RF propagation with terrain barriers, using a variety of military radio waveforms. The Phase 1 design will provide the basis for a Phase 2 implementation effort to analyze future radio networks with tens of thousands of components.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Dr. Deepnarayan Gupta
ARMY 04-133       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:High Frequency Bandpass ADC Technology for Digitization at Ka/EHF-Band RF
Abstract:HYPRES proposes to develop a novel superconducting delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for use in a military satellite communications (MILSATCOM) receiver. This ADC will directly digitize a 20 GHz microwave signal with a bandwidth of 1 GHz, using ultrafast rapid-single-flux-quantum (RSFQ) Josephson junction technology, with a sampling rate above 80 GHz, which is far beyond the current state-of-the-art in any technology. Such an ADC provides the core of a software-defined radio (SDR) receiver, permitting the replacement of multiple analog mixers, filters, and amplifiers with digital counterparts. In addition to reducing the number of discrete components, the superconducting receiver reduces the system noise temperature, thus increasing the G/T factor and improving the overall communications link. This project complements and leverages other HYPRES development projects for DoD involving digital receivers at lower frequencies, including similar bandpass ADCs centered at 1 GHz, 5 GHz, and 7.5 GHz.

MILLITECH LLC
29 Industrial Drive East
Northampton, MA 01060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 582-9620
Dr. Thomas Newman
ARMY 04-134       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Multi-Band Satellite Terminal Feed Development
Abstract:The proposed approach would be evaluate two existing tri-band feed designs (20/30/45) and chose an optimum tri-band approach. Then we will add a minimum of either X-band or Ku-band and evaluate the potential of adding both X and Ku bands into a single concentric feed design.

KUTTA CONSULTING, INC.
2525 W. Greenway Road, Suite 332
Phoenix, AZ 85023
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Mr. Ray Keeler
ARMY 04-135       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Subterranean Communications for First Responders and the Military
Abstract:Kutta will design a portable Subterranean Wireless Electronic Communications (SWEC) system that allows two-way, networked communications with up to 10 nodes through over 100 feet of solid rock per hop. At the end of the Phase 1 effort, Kutta will demonstrate the ability to send a picture and provide voice communications through a three-node system with a proven cave radio developed by Kutta's engineers. Kutta's proposal enumerates many innovative features that provide for hands-free voice/data/video communications well beyond the 100 ft of solid rock proposed in the solicitation. The Work Plan also calls for detailed research into optimum frequency ranges over a myriad of different media types (e.g. limestone, concrete, etc.) as well research and experimentation with numerous antenna configurations. Kutta's team also leverages a layered communications infrastructure being developed under another U.S. Army SBIR. The communications infrastructure is integrated with COTS self-healing multi-node network protocols to create a robust design. The Work Plan is designed to determine the required frequency ranges, antenna configurations, and COTS technologies (miniature CB-Radio and PDA) that will allow Kutta to eventually deliver a SWEC system that satisfies the (<8 cu. in.), weight (<8 oz.) and power (battery life > 48 hrs.) system requirements.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Dr. Denis Reidy
ARMY 04-135       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:True Wireless Communications In Underground Environments and Other Non-Line-of Sight Applications
Abstract:In previous modeling of the effect of soil properties on radio-frequency (RF) electromagnetic communications, SARA, Inc. has shown a drop-off of electric-field strength versus distance through the ground at a nearly billion-fold reduction. Even average ground properties shield the electromagnetic source so thoroughly that there is little hope of using a wireless RF communications network sensitive enough to be able to communicate from and into buried structures, as the attenuation of electromagnetic fields underground is simply too great to consider their utility for wireless communications. What is required is a wireless method of communication that can effectively and consistently communicate to and from underground structures through hundreds of feet of earth, rock and even concrete. SARA, Inc. proposes here that magnetic-based communications appears practical for wireless communications in the challenging environments under consideration. SARA, Inc. has developed a way to effectively and consistently sense signals to and from underground structures using a magnetic source of reasonable power to penetrate a barrier with the ability to recognize the broadcast magnetic signal in the presence of background electromagnetic noise. As far as the magnetic transmitter is concerned, the existence of the soil is almost completely transparent to its ability to communicate to above ground sites. Furthermore, the attenuation of the magnetic source. These previous and ongoing efforts have validated the abilities of magnetic fields as new communication devices through the ground to desired ranges where standard RF communications fail.

ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Mr. Benjamin L. Burnett
ARMY 04-136       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Intrusion Tolerance and Survivability for Army Mobile Tactical Networks
Abstract:The Army's CERDEC has identified the need for enhancements to network intrusion tolerance/survivability capabilities of systems currently being developed under the Tactical Wireless Network Assurance (TWNA) program. To address the needs of CERDEC, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) brings over 4 years of directly related technology development experience in the areas of intrusion tolerance and network survivability and a proven track record delivering high quality products on these R&D efforts. ATC will leverage its considerable expertise in designing and building intrusion tolerance techniques for mobile wireless networks to develop survivability enhancements to the components and systems developed by the TWNA program. The Phase I effort will develop the design of TWNA survivability enhancements. The follow-on Phase II effort will build prototype implementations of these intrusion tolerance techniques that will be integrated within target systems identified by CERDEC.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Barry Polakowski
ARMY 04-136       Awarded: 28DEC04
Title:Computer Network Intrusion Tolerance and Survivability for Army Mobile Tactical Networks
Abstract:Luna proposes to perform an intensive study of the Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center (CERDEC) Tactical Wireless Network Assurance (TWNA) program and recommend intrusion tolerance/survivability enhancements to the system. Specific areas of focus will be the Policy Management Server and the Bandwidth Broker functions. During the phase II effort the most promising techniques identified during the phase I shall be developed into a working software prototype.

JEM ENGINEERING, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1070
Mr. James Lilly
ARMY 04-138       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Survivable Ballistic Antenna Radome
Abstract:In this effort, a team comprising of JEM Engineering and the University of Delaware Center for Composite Materials proposes to develop multifunctional radomes for Future Combat Systems vehicle platforms that are capable of surviving ballistic impacts from small arms and similar threats. A concurrent design approach is proposed where composite materials that are capable of high levels of energy absorption will be evaluated as candidate materials in a radome design. A database of relevant material properties (dielectric and mechanical) will be developed to assist in material selection and design. Computational models will be developed for the radome to enable design iterations based on materials and geometry and used to predict both electromagnetic and ballistic performance. Representative composite panels based on the selected radome design, will be fabricated and tested. Electromagnetic performance will be quantified and used to validate the computational model. Quasi-static test methods will be used to evaluate energy absorption capability, with ballistic testing planned for the Option phase of the program. It is expected that Phase I will culminate in a prototype construction of a radome that can meet both the electromagnetic and ballistic requirements.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. S. Krishnamoorthy
ARMY 04-139       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:A Novel, Bio-inspired Advanced Microfluidic Power System (BioAMPS)
Abstract:Our objective is to develop (model, design, fabricate and test) a novel, Bio-inspired Advanced Microfluidic Power System (BioAMPS) to extract energy from biofuels. Unlike conventional technologies, BioAMPS will be compact/lightweight, require little or no logistical support (re-supply), reusable and eco-friendly. Phase I will deliver a biobattery system Product Design Requirement (PDR) document and demonstrate a system platform capable of delivering several mW-hr/cc of power. This is accomplished via several innovations: (a) MEMS/microfluidics-based architecture; (b) proprietary anode-cathode system that can reduce overall system weight significantly; (c) specially engineered electrodes for maximum electron transfer; and (d) simulation-based design of layout/geometries and protocols for maximizing performance. An ongoing research DoD funded effort focused on fundamental technology development of the power element will be leveraged in this study. The Phase I option will focus on system engineering and design optimization of individual components and operational protocols. The Phase II goal is an optimized lightweight biobattery system (with integrated power element, fuel supply, waste unit) that delivers 250 mW-hr/cc of sustained electricity for low power applications in the Objective Force Warrior (OFW) suite. Motorola and other organizations have expressed a strong interest in similar technology for commercial applications. A multidisciplinary team with proven expertise in biomicrosystems engineering, bioelectrochemistry and microfabrication has been assembled.

NANODYNAMICS, INC.
901 Fuhrmann Blvd.
Buffalo, NY 14203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(832) 978-4386
Mr. Douglas P. DuFaux
ARMY 04-140       Awarded: 22DEC04
Title:Low-Cost CNT Obscurants from Vehicle/Aircraft Exhaust and Diffusion Flames
Abstract:Although visual obscurants ("smoke screens") have a long history on the battlefield, use of infrared obscurants (IROs) is comparatively new. IROs are required when the enemy possesses IR based equipment (e.g., thermal sights and heat seeking missiles). Because recent developments have greatly increased the availability of such equipment to numerous military (and non-military groups) around the world, the need for advanced IROs is becoming increasingly important. Although numerous IROs are available, most have limited performance and suffer from environmental and health issues. Among the most promising technologies for future IROs is the carbon nanotube (CNT). In fact, the U.S. Army believes that CNTs may increase IRO effectiveness by approximately a factor of ten. However, currently available CNT production technologies are expensive; and because production cannot be practically implemented in the field, dispersion will prove difficult due to high self-adhesion energies of CNTs. The proposed SBIR program will lead to field deployable production technologies based on traditional low-cost combustion chemistries and equipment. The proposed Phase I will demonstrate direct production of aerosolized CNTs as well as their potential as obscurants. Moreover, the proposed program will lead to low-cost production technologies based on vehicle/aircraft exhaust, resulting in on-demand production of CNT obscurants.

SOUTH BAY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CORP.
7525 W. 81st St.,
Playa del Rey, CA 90293
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 378-4156
Dr. David B. Cohn
ARMY 04-141       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Ultra-Compact Carbon Dioxide Laser For Chemical Sensor
Abstract:Previously, CO2 laser transmitters were designed for sensors with ranges on the order of 10-15 km, applicable primarily to fixed site defense. These lasers with their high output energies were relatively large and heavy. Important new scenarios have emerged that place severe restrictions on sensor size and weight, including manportable, unmanned aerial vehicle, and agile ground vehicle deployments. For these applications, an ultra-compact CO2 laser is required. Tradeoffs between various CO2 laser types will be performed, including present and extrapolated characteristics, multiple pulse detection statistics, and wavelength shifting techniques.

REDONDO OPTICS, INC.
2803 Faber Street
Redondo Beach, CA 90278
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 292-7673
Dr. Edgar A. Mendoza
ARMY 04-142       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Airborne Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging System for Remote Sensing of Chemical
Abstract:Redondo Optics Inc. (ROI), a world leader in engineering and manufacturing of leading-edge optical sensors and advanced monitoring instrumentation proposes to develop and demonstrate an airborne fluorescence lifetime imaging (SeePhaseT) system for the remote, real time identification and measurement of chemical and biological fluorescent markers in the battle field that are indicative of potential threats to the war fighter. The fluorescence lifetime of the target fluorophores is measured using the principle of "frequency-domain" or "phase-locked" detection, a method that is totally insensitive to the excitation or fluorescence emission light intensity levels as well as insensitive to any background stray light. The detected lifetime signals are processed using fast software algorithms and displayed in real time in a spatially resolved 3-dimensional fluorescent lifetime image of the battlefield. As world governments have become more attentive to the potential threat of chemical and biological weapons, a premium has been place on technologies capable of reliably identifying airborne threats. The SeePhaseT system will readily find applications in the military for the protection of warfighters as well as in civilian and government institution for first-time responders and civilian protection.

NOVA ENGINEERING, INC.
5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 554-5040
Mr. Jim Agniel
ARMY 04-143       Awarded: 07JAN05
Title:Self Calibrating, Self Locating Seismic-Acoustic Sensor System
Abstract:The ability to process seismic and acoustic data in order to estimate the range and bearing to a target is an important component of current remote ground sensing efforts. The accuracy of these estimates can be enhanced by networking multiple transducers and performing collaborative source localization, but such systems can be difficult to use and limited in their accuracy, size and capacity. We propose developing S-CLASS, a seismic and acoustic data collection system comprising many wireless satellite sensors and a central acquisition and processing resource. The coordinating resource controls connection admission, transmission timing and a human-machine interface. The sensor nodes each transmit up to four independent channels of sensed data to the coordinating resource, which applies a time and frequency correction function to all data channels to synchronize the data records relative to each other. The sensor network uses synthetic calibration signals to discover the positions of all its constituent nodes with great accuracy, and to calibrate the range and line of bearing measurements computed by the network.

THE ILLINOIS CONNECTION, INC.
1719 Lincoln Road
Champaign, IL 61821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 649-1924
Dr. Stephen D. Downing
ARMY 04-144       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Self-Powered Sensors for Structural Assessment of Bridges
Abstract:The primary objective of the Illinois Connection's Phase I work will be to develop a pre-prototype of a complete military load classification system for bridges. The system will consist of easy-to-install smart sensors that provide information to enhance the analytical calculations necessary for an accurate military load classification and easy-to-operate software to perform the correct calculations, help identify the bridge type, control the network of sensors, and provide guidance as to the most effective placement of the sensors. Our experienced team of investigators represents disciplines in mechanical engineering, failure analysis, electronics design, intuitive software design and MEMS fabrication technology.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5002
Dr. James Nolan
ARMY 04-145       Awarded: 29DEC04
Title:Course-of-Action Forecasting
Abstract:The Army Commander is currently overwhelmed with data and lacks techniques to turn this information into actionable intelligence. This "data rich, knowledge poor" environment requires the appropriate set of tools to parse the incoming data stream, identify concepts and their relationships, and turn it into knowledge - enabling the Commander to forecast the enemy's possible courses-of-action. The DAC Team proposes an Intelligent Agent solution to this problem. Our approach includes agents that perform natural language and ontology processing, spatio-temporal data mining, resource management and prioritization, and hypothesis management of possible courses-of-action through the use of Bayesian Networks. The approach is built on DAC's Agent Intelligence Platform (AIP), a distributed agent architecture that provides information fusion capabilities. This SBIR will extend AIP through the development of capabilities to support: spatio-temporal data mining, automated Bayesian Network management, and a "Value of Information" calculation providing the Commander with a measurement of the value of gathering additional information against a hypothesis versus acting on the current belief state.

MILCORD LLC
1050 Winter Street, Suite 1000 #10008
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 581-2180
Dr. Peggy Agouris
ARMY 04-145       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:Course-of-Action Forecasting
Abstract:Intelligence contains adversary course-of-action plans embedded into unrelated information sources. This information in ASCII format often contains nothing more than subject and title, thus requiring tagging. Source material is almost always dated, or time stamped. Likewise, source data may be spatially enabled with a geographic location and if it is not, it can be linked via a gazetteer. Exploration of spatial data mining and temporal data mining has been carried out mostly independently in the knowledge discovery research community although the object-oriented machine learning algorithms can certainly be adapted to both. Here we propose to develop a geospatial pattern recognition and tracking system based on our spatiotemporal similarity metrics and learning agent expertise using the information extraction platform of Inxight Software. Our system will extract geospatial entities, concepts and facts (e.g. people, places, things, events, relationships) from the unstructured intelligence data, classify the extracted data into taxonomies of topics for more targeted information access, enable the intelligence analyst visualize and explore the geospatial data with graphical and text-based browsing, concept and full-text search. In essence, we model the information extraction platform outputs with a belief network that tracks the identified geospatial patterns and provides COA forecast.

NOVAWAVE TECHNOLOGIES
230A Twin Dolphin Drive
Redwood City, CA 94065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 610-0956
Dr. Stephen Holler
ARMY 04-146       Awarded: 30DEC04
Title:Real-Time Single Particle Bioaerosol Detector
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I proposal seeks to develop a real-time instrument for measuring the angular scattering patterns from individual aerosol particles, and discriminate among them using advanced multivariate algorithms. The system is designed to be a modular instrument that can be incorporated in HVAC systems to provide a trigger technology for biocide countermeasures. In addition, the system may be incorporated into various bioaerosol fluorescence-based instruments, e.g., the Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS), or complement existing monitoring programs, e.g., BioWatch, to provide additional discrimination capabilities. The Phase I research will demonstrate the feasibility of the approach through comprehensive laboratory experiments. The ability to discriminate among aerosols, and particularly to identify biological aerosols in a non-biological ambient background, will be quantified, and the performance of the anticipated Phase II prototype will be extrapolated based on the Phase I results. In addition, critical subcomponents will be identified and the Phase II prototype designed. The proposed core technology has numerous applications in commercial venues such as air quality monitoring and homeland defense.

MICROENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
604 West Evergreen Blvd.
Vancouver, WA 98660
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 694-3704
Mr. Joseph Birmingham
ARMY 04-147       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Capture and Kill Microstructured Oriented Fiber (MOF) Filter
Abstract:MicroET in conjunction with NanoScale Materials proposes to develop a universal approach to filtering particulate hazards for building applications. MicroET proposes to extract biological and submicron-chemical materials from air to capture, kill, and identify the presence of pathogens and toxic particle hazards. We propose to accomplish this filtering in building environments with a microstructured platform that facilitates size-selective aerosol sampling at minimal pressure drops. The building air flow contains airborne particulate and submicron-chemicals that pose difficulties for conventional fiber-based filters such as high efficiency air particle (HEPA) filters. The proposed strategically arranged coated (fiber optic-like) microstructures utilizing electric fields facilitates the efficient capture of particle hazards. The deposited sample on the microstructured array serves as a universal collection surface suitable for interrogation by multiple identification techniques. The proposed miniature platform that facilitates the retention of hazardous chemical and biological species extracted from air is described as a microstructured oriented fiber (MOF) filter. The chemical/biological MOF filter system retrofits into ventilation systems and would capture hazardous particles in the 1-10 micron size. The addition of electrostatic fields to a row of microstructures within the array allows submicron aerosols to be captured.

BRUSH MOUNTAIN TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
939 McBryde Lane
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-8867
Dr. Rick Wright
ARMY 04-148       Awarded: 28DEC04
Title:Method and Device for Determining Unknown Passageway Geometries using Acoustic Reflectometry
Abstract:Acoustic reflectometry is a promising method of determining the geometry of unfamiliar passages, which can be described as an acoustic waveguide. In its basic form, this technique measures the acoustic pressure fluctuations generated by cross-sectional area changes in the waveguide. Knowing the time difference between the initial excitation of the waveguide and the magnitude of the reflected acoustic pressure pulse will give an estimate of the distance from the acoustic source, the area change at this distance, and potentially other geometric features which will be discussed further in this proposal. To that end, Brush Mountain Technologies will develop a method and device based on acoustic reflectometry to reconstruct waveguide geometries and will provide: 1. Models of acoustic input impedance of several simple cave/pipe/duct geometries to investigate the effect of geometry on impulse response. 2. Acoustic reflectometry signal processing algorithms to determine cave/pipe/duct geometries. 3. Demonstration of a prototype PC-based acoustic reflectometry device to determine cave/pipe/duct geometries. 4. (Phase I Option) Experimental testing prototype acoustic reflectometry device on more realistic geometries.

RH LYON CORP.
691 Concord Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-7260
Dr. Richard H. Lyon
ARMY 04-148       Awarded: 30DEC04
Title:Remote Acoustical Reconstruction of Cave and Pipe Geometries
Abstract:Soldiers and rescue workers are frequently asked to enter the underground passages of caves, tunnels, and piping (C/T/P) systems. The layout is unknown, increasing the danger. A system that would provide a map of the geometry could be very helpful in such cases. We propose to determine the feasibility of a system based on reflected sound waves that can be placed at the opening to the C/T/P complex and provide such a map. The feasibility of such a system has been shown for medical applications in which the passage cross-sectional area vs. distance can be mapped. Our own measurements of the reflected waves in a laboratory table top experiment provide additional confirmation of the proposed method. It is the goal of the proposed research to 1) demonstrate the basic performance through laboratory studies, 2) test certain enhancements expected to improve the performance, and 3) to prepare for a system suitable for measurements in a field situation.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Adrian Denvir
ARMY 04-149       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Covert Engineering Techniques Using Electrokinetic Technology
Abstract:With increasing numbers of US Military personnel engaged in overseas missions the Army Corps of Engineers are involved in the construction of necessary runways, bridges, and other structures needed for the rapid forward deployment of troops. Many of these construction endeavors will require altering the physical properties of the soil surrounding the construction site such as dewatering or soil hardening. Conventional techniques for soil treatment require the use of mechanical pumps and heavy equipment that are impractical for application associated with rapid troop deployment or covert operations. Electrokinetic processing of soils and other porous media is an emerging, innovative technology alternative. It is a method that requires minimum logistics support and is easy to install making it very attractive for use in conjunction with forward troop deployments. During phase I Lynnetch we perform a series of pre field demonstrations of how electrokinetics can be utilized for geochemical engineering. In Phase II these techniques will be demonstrated on a larger field scale. These demonstrations will be used to attract Phase III customers.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Dr. Senerath Palamakumbura
ARMY 04-150       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Electrokinetic Chem/Bio Filter(1000-571)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative low air resistance filter with countermeasure capability against chemical and biological warfare agents, including the ability to electrochemically produce sanitizing gases. The filters have embedded capture and decontamination functionalities and hence are functional even in the absence of electro chemical generation of biocides. This low cost and wide area fabrication technique enables extended active surface area for decontamination within the building HVAC systems to further increase decontamination efficiency. The proposed method is compatible with HVAC filters with little or no hindrance to airflow.

INSIGHTFUL, INC.
1700 Westlake Ave N, Suite 500
Seattle, WA 98109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 283-8802
Dr. Jisheng Liang
ARMY 04-151       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:GeoText
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to develop a complete geographic text processing system for tagging place names in text files and spatially visualizing the results. While tools exist for automatically identifying place names in text, this effort focuses on significantly improving the current capabilities within the context of an end-to-end system. The proposed system will support three operations: 1) automatic recognition and tagging of geographic names in text files, 2) interactive editing of the tagged text files, and 3) synchronized visualization of the text with a map display. Our approach to geo-entity recognition is based on a combination of deep linguistic analysis, statistical, and knowledge-based techniques. We extract attributes and relationships that are associated with a candidate and use them as constraints to resolve ambiguity associated with the location name. We will develop a curator interface that provides editing capability for the user to process 'dirty geotext' to create correctly tagged 'clean geotext'. The user will be able to view the tagged text document, while seeing the associated geographic features drawn on a synchronized map display.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Mr. Terrance Goan
ARMY 04-151       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Streamlining the Production and Visualization of Error-Free Geospatially Grounded Text Documents
Abstract:We propose to streamline the production of `self-mapping' documents through the tight integration of evidence-driven automated tagging with a mixed-initiative approach to tag validation and editing. The proposed system, GeoDoc, will deviate substantially from the traditional corpus driven approaches to geospatial metadata generation in order to address the unique issues involved in producing error-free geospatially grounded documents. In particular, we will address accuracy issues by adopting a new model of evidence integration that will allow us to move away from the current practice of ad hoc heuristic combination while exploiting extra-linguistic indicators when available. With that said, the design of GeoDoc is predicated on the fact that within this task, the ultimate measure of system efficacy is the level of human-effort required to produce error-free documents. In particular, we will exploit our reasoning process to support a new cooperative model of editing wherein the system orders editing decisions so as to reduce overall uncertainty in its tagging and thereby reduce document validation time. Documents produced with GeoDoc will support new modes of visualization(and other services), offering substantial value to the information consumer. Phase I will prove the feasibility of our overall approach via prototype.

EARTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
2453 Atwood Ave.
Madison, WI 53704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 334-5460
Mr. Daniel Rooney
ARMY 04-152       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Rapid Soil Texture Classification Using the Soil Imaging Penetrometer
Abstract:Soil texture is a critical soil information input to site suitability, mobility, counter-mine, and engineering models. Traditional methods of obtaining soil information are inefficient, inconsistent, and could require time-consuming and expensive laboratory analyses. In addition, a high level of soil expertise may be required on-site. A soil imaging system could provide a more efficient and consistent means of collecting and delivering soil texture, structure, and composition information, while avoiding expensive laboratory analysis and the need for on-site experts. Funding is requested to improve the existing EarthIT Soil Imaging Penetrometer system so that it could be rapidly deployed in diverse environmental conditions with an ATV-based delivery system, acquire in-situ soil imagery using integrated data collection software and electronics, analyze the imagery using advanced image processing techniques, automatically classify the soil to USCS texture categories based on metrics derived from image processing, and deliver texture classification and sample images to soil experts and decision makers via an encrypted network. EarthIT anticipates that the imaging system will be integrated with other environmental information gathering technologies (e.g. GPS, GIS, ground and airborne sensors, predictive models) to create a complete Soil Information System for commercialization in military, agriculture, turf, forestry, construction, and environmental science applications.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Sergey Sandomirsky
ARMY 04-152       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Soil Texture Classification Imaging System
Abstract:To meet the U.S. Army need for innovative technology for the automatic, precise classification of soil texture types, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new SOil Texture Classification Imaging System (SOTCIS). The SOTCIS is based on a two-level interconnected architecture: a Prediction Level and a Measurement Level. At the Prediction Level the system will generate expected soil texture types and recommendations for methods of measuring soil properties relevant to the inferred soil landscape. Data collected at the Measurement Level at the site along with GPS positioning information will be saved in Army GIS-compliant format. SOTCIS will be a tool for collecting soil texture data for Army GIS. In Phase I POC will design and select relevant software and databases for development of the Prediction Level subsystem, and will develop two major elements at the Measurement Level: an imaging multispectral module (IMM) and soil shear strength module (SSM). At the end of Phase II, POC will deliver the entire SOTCIS prototype for integration with a moving ground platform and field testing.

ADA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
8100 Shaffer Parkway, Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Ms. Lynette Laffea
ARMY 04-153       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:Scalable Wireless Geo-Telemetry Capability for Miniature Smart Sensors
Abstract:Lack of accurate geo-positioning (GPS) information integrated within the miniature footprint of a wireless sensor handicaps rapid ad-hoc deployments. Self-mapping data analysis tools, as a result, do not dynamically display measurements real-time. In a battlefield or situation requiring rapid deployment and situational awareness, this is unacceptable. ADA Technologies proposes to address this need by developing a system to gather information from ad-hoc networks of miniature smart sensors for tactical display to decision-makers. This system features a sensor module incorporating miniature wireless communication and GPS capability with capacity to accommodate various sensor elements to detect a wide range of parameters. Spatially tagged information is gathered via an ad-hoc network from these sensor modules distributed in a monitored space. A final element of the system is a software package to spatially integrate the data automatically for dynamic mapping and data presentation. Phase I will develop a sensor node that incorporates GPS information and transmits this information to a server that builds a dynamic 2D display of the network, sensors and data status. Phase II improves the Phase I system with expanded sensor and display capability and further miniaturization of the ad-hoc network sensor node, and dynamically present analyzed data in an interactive 3-4D display.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Dr. Charles J. Jacobus
ARMY 04-153       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Scalable Geo Telemetry Network
Abstract:We will develop a scalable low bandwidth network to automatically collect, process, archive, and disseminate information that supports/enhances training and readiness, safety, security, and environmental management. As a common substrate to this network we will develop and demonstrate a Geo Telemetry Unit (GTU) that will include a power source, GPS WAAS Receiver and Zigbee based wireless telemetry for mesh networking. The GTU will connect to a wide range of sensors. The vision is an integrated and automated network of operational meteorological, oceanographic, acoustic/seismic and security sensors located through large areas. At the monitoring installation, automated tools will be developed to overlay the data from these sensors in a GIS. The GTUs will also be controlled and monitored from these installations. The Phase I will also include development and demonstration of Gateways, to interconnect different networks. Gateways will also be used for any larger bandwidth requirements due to aggregation of data from several sensors before reaching the centralized monitoring station. When GPS signal is not available, utilization of RF ranging and pseudo-satellites will be considered.

PROPAGATION RESEARCH ASSOC.
1711 Indian Ridge Dr.
Woodstock, GA 30189
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 617-9082
Dr. Brian Stevens
ARMY 04-154       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Precision Pulse Positioning System
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes a Precision Pulse Positioning System (3PS) technology that provides a multi-function capability for force protection including the guidance of multiple low-cost blue interceptors engaging multiple targets, the resolution of the blue air picture, and the precision approach mission for blue aircraft. PRA proposes to develop an optimal guidance methodology for guiding multiple interceptors to multiple targets that maximizes total probability of hit. The 3PS concept addresses the need for low cost precision guidance and control of interceptors by creating what is essentially a localized GPS with the purpose of locating interceptors and targets in a radar energy field. Through the use of unique waveforms transmitted from distributed antennas, interceptors can compute a guidance solution to the target with minimal impact on radar resources. Some of additional advantages to 3PS are, 1) 3PS does not require the fire control radar to communicate with or track the interceptor, 2) 3PS allows for the guidance solution to be computed onboard the interceptor allowing for high guidance update rates that do not affect radar duty, and 3) 3PS can be implemented on blue rotary and fixed wing aircraft for precision approach and/or blue air picture definition.

PHASE IV SYSTEMS, INC.
3405 Triana Boulevard
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 535-2159
Mr. Michael Pressnel
ARMY 04-155       Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost Adaptive/Programmable Waveform Generator
Abstract:During Phase I and the Phase I Option of this SBIR, Phase IV System will build a two-channel prototype arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) capable of playing scripted waveforms with an operational bandwidth design goal of 500 MHz. The AWG that will be delivered at the end of the Phase I Option will be a single digital board that will reside in a 6U x 160mm VME chassis. During Phase II, two two-channel prototype AWGs will be integrated with a vector modulator to achieve an output operational bandwidth approaching 1 GHz (double the operational bandwidth of a single AWG). The prototype will be based on previous AWG work performed by Phase IV Systems for the U. S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command under the Radar Component Technology Contract. The AWG operated at a maximum clock speed of 1.5 GHz, with an operational bandwidth of over 1 GHz. During the development of the Waveform Generator, Phase IV Systems gained valuable experience in the area of high-speed logic design, such as the time alignment of the bits and lay-out issues such as equalizing trace lengths. Phase IV will use the expertise gained in building the AWG for SMDC in developing a smaller, low-cost AWG for the Army.

STONE ENGINEEING CO.
2227 Drake Avenue, Suite 26
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 881-8004
Dr. Brian A. McDonald
ARMY 04-156       Awarded: 06JAN05
Title:On-Demand Gas Generator with Real-Time, Open-Loop Control System for Gel Propulsion
Abstract:The Army has a continuing need to improve the propulsion performance flexibility of missile systems for multi-mission tactical applications and bipropellant gel propulsion systems over the maximum flexibility. Bipropellant propulsion systems require pressurized tanks to expel fuel and oxidizer, thus the tank pressurization system must accommodate the flexibility required of the propulsion unit. Conventional approaches to on-demand tank pressurization have disadvantages: pressure measurement and feedback (transducer reliability) or a pressure regulator (heavy and bulky). A self-regulating bootstrap system would avoid the controllability issues without requiring an external source for gas generator pressurization, avoiding hazardous high pressure bottles or the need for external power. Stone Engineering Company proposes to investigate such a gas generator system in the context of a small (7-inch), volume limited missile application requiring a high degree of on-demand flexibility. The design approach will be based on differential area pistons, either in a two-stage design or a single stage with bellows. This first phase will consist of preliminary design, analysis, and simulation. The simulation will be the primary tool for determining the component sizes and control arrangement for stable operation. Selection among design alternatives will be based on packaging volume and producibility.

VALCOR ENGINEERING CORP.
2 Lawrence Road
Springfield, NJ 07081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 467-8400
Mr. Richard Kelly
ARMY 04-156       Selected for Award
Title:On-Demand Gas Generator with Real-Time, Open-Loop Control System for Gel Propulsion
Abstract:The proposed Phase I objective is to develop a compact, light on-demand gas generator design featuring a passive control system to maintain the pressure driving gel propellant pistons within 3%. The proposing firm is Valcor Engineering Corporation, a qualified small business with operations in Springfield, New Jersey. Subcontracted to Valcor is Gencorp Aerojet, with headquarters in Sacramento, California. In the Phase I and Option Programs, Valcor will perform the system design (with analytical support from Aerojet) and the liquid regulator preliminary design. Aerojet will perform the catalyst bed design. The Valcor Liquid Regulator heritage stems from our V4000-157 design, with its 2% regulation band proven on the Aerojet (Primex) Warm Gas Pressurization System (US Army Missile Defense Program). Aerojet has extensive experience in the design and development of gas generator subsystems, monopropellant thrusters, and gel propulsion systems. Aerojet performed trade studies under US Army funding on gel propulsion systems for missions of Non-line-of-sight Launch System (NLOS LS) and Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS). The Phase I effort culminates with a Preliminary Design Review including a Program Plan for Phase II. The Phase I Option Program will focus on the detailed design of heavyweight components for Phase II.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 272-3969
Dr. Lee M. Goldman
ARMY 04-157       Selected for Award
Title:Protective Coating for ZnS Windows & Domes
Abstract:Zinc sulfide (ZnS) is an attractive candidate for missile windows and domes because of its broadband optical transparency. However, ZnS is a relatively soft and weak material (compared to Sapphire, ALON and Spinel) and is therefore subject to erosion damage when exposed to the rigors of environmental loading, during captive carry as well as high speed missile flight. Surmet proposes a two-layer coating system consisting of an outer durable, abrasion resistant, oxide coating (~0.5-1.5 ??m), deposited over a thick (3-10 ??m) strengthening/hardening layer (e.g., silicon for LWIR or SiN, SiC, SiON, SiCON for extended MWIR applications). The hard outer layer provides anti-reflection (AR) function, abrasion resistance and oxidation protection while thicker layer increases the strength/hardness of the underlying substrate. The oxides of interest include ZrO2, HfO2 and Y2O3. The effort will begin with the reactive sputter deposition of ZrO2 and HfO2 coatings. For Y2O3, Surmet will adapt its plasma assisted-chemical vapor deposition (PA-CVD). Surmet has already established PA-CVD process for thicker (3-10 microns) strengthening/hardening layer. A series of coatings with different thickness ratios of the outer oxide and inner strengthening/hardening layers will be characterized for optical properties, hardness, strength, abrasion and rain erosion resistance, thermal stability and oxidation protection.

UES, INC.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Dr. Rabi S. Bhattacharya
ARMY 04-157       Selected for Award
Title:Nano-Layered Protective Coating for ZnS Windows and Domes
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project explores the feasibility of depositing nano-layered protective coatings for ZnS windows and domes. Nano-layered superlattice consisting of two optically transparent hard materials will be designed for transmission to cover the multispectral ZnS window. Materials will be selected based on hardness and optical absorption. The superlattice will be fabricated by using magnetron sputtering. The coatings will be thoroughly characterized in terms of their durability and transmission under rain and sand erosion test conditions.

ACELLENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
155C-3 Moffett Park Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Dr. Shawn Beard
ARMY 04-158       Selected for Award
Title:Condition Based Maintenance (CBM) of Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) using structural health monitoring
Abstract:Monitoring the continued health of aircraft subsystems and identifying problems before they affect airworthiness has been a long-term goal of both the U.S. military and commercial aviation industry. Structural health monitoring (SHM) can provide a paradigm shift from schedule-driven maintenance to condition-based maintenance (CBM) of assets. The proposed project will focus on the development of a Condition Based Maintenance system for Unmanned Air Vehicles using a built-in structural health monitoring system. Phase I will primarily focus on optimizing the number of sensors and developing an innovative interface between reliable and accurate diagnostic structural information and prognostic models that is applicable to composite and metal structures used in unmanned air vehicle (UAV) platforms. The proposed development will provide the means to significantly reduce maintenance/inspection costs, and enhance the reliability, efficiency and readiness of UAV structures. Boeing strongly supports the proposed development and has agreed to assist with the sensor optimization, interface development and application of Acellent's SHM technology to their platform designs.

ANALATOM, INC.
562 Weddell Drive, Suite 4
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 734-9392
Dr. Trevor Niblock
ARMY 04-158       Awarded: 18DEC04
Title:Unmanned Air Vehicles Diagnostics/Prognostics
Abstract:An integrated Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) diagnostics/prognostics system will improve the affordability, survivability, and service life of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) by ensuring the performance and reliability of high value, critical components on-board the UAV. The detection, monitoring and prediction of structural and material degradation are critical diagnoses for maintaining efficiency and battle readiness. Using its existing SHM system platform presently being field tested by Boeing and Delta Air Lines, Analatom proposes to develop an integrated central health management system for UAVs using a combination of MEMS strain gauges, Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR) corrosion sensors and a Texas Instruments (TI) MSP430 microprocessor for lower weight, power and cost requirements and higher sensitivity than conventional sensors. Data transmission and downloading will be accomplished through either a hardwired approach, or through wireless data links when assessment for final system implementation is completed. Use of Motorola neuRFonTM chip for a wireless, self-organizing network that has low power requirements would be investigated and pursued. The envisioned system will meet the cost and weight requirements for UAV applications by multiplexing low cost, microfabricated MEMS strain gauges, corrosion sensors; and data acquisition, processing and subsequent data transmission via wired or wireless interface for data downloading.

COHERENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
135 S. Taylor Avenue
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-2000
Dr. Phil Gatt
ARMY 04-159       Selected for Award
Title:Variable-Resolution Compact 3D Range Imaging Ladar
Abstract:There is a need for an Obstacle Avoidance System (OAS) for small unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) to detect fixed obstacles (e.g., trees, buildings, and wires) and proximity to manned aircraft or other UAVs. Small UAVs impose many different constraints, such as flying close to the ground, and limited size, weight and power (SWAP) for system components and on-board processing. Therefore, obstacle avoidance sensors and signal processing hardware must be compact, lightweight, and moderate to low cost. CTI, proposes to design and develop a novel eyesafe, compact, lightweight, scaleable, dynamically configurable 3D camera with near even trades between field of view (FOV), frame-rates, range-resolution, and range-search interval, for UAV obstacle avoidance. This flexible approach allows a single device to be reconfigured "on the fly" for a wide variety of military and commercial applications. The proposed sensor will be capable of providing ~500 of 10-cm range resolution elements over 5 degree field of view with 500 urad angular resolution. In Phase I CTI will demonstrate sensor feasibility through extensive modeling and analysis, produce a preliminary design, and perform risk reduction experiments to demonstrate key aspects of the novel sensor design. In the Phase I Option, CTI will perform a detailed design. In Phase II CTI will build and demonstrate the prototype transceiver/signal-processor and conduct field tests at an Army test site. The proposed will leverage CTI's extensive experience in developing flight qualified laser radar systems.

MULTISPECTRAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
20300 Century Blvd.
Germantown, MD 20874
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 528-1745
Dr. Robert Fontana
ARMY 04-159       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative and Cost Effective Obstacle Avoidance/Navigation for Small Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
Abstract:Multispectral Solutions, Inc. (MSSI) proposes to develop an Ultra Wideband (UWB) radar to support small Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) collision avoidance sensing. This radar will leverage the recent MSSI perimeter intrusion detection radar development. The key features of the perimeter radar that are suitable for the UAV collision avoidance radar include: small size, demonstrated long range sensitivity against small RCS objects and low power. Based upon previous performance benchmarks, a small UAV radar will be capable to sense a wire over 100 meters in range. In Phase I, MSSI will build and test a prototype small UAV collision avoidance radar that leverages MSSI's proven perimeter intrusion radar technology. MSSI will also perform a systems study to examine the small UAV collision avoidance sensor requirements and system design. In the Option, MSSI will re-examine the systems study based upon the results of the prototype small radar and develop the plan for Phase II developments. The tasks that are on the roadmap toward a compact low cost radar will be selected for Phase II development.

ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Mr. Matthias H. Wollnik
ARMY 04-160       Selected for Award
Title:Constrained Automatic Anti-Tamper System (CAATS)
Abstract:As warfare becomes more technology bound there is a growing threat of misappropriation of software that could disable or hinder US military activities. Constrained Automatic Anti-Tamper System (CAATS) is a complete system of software and infrastructure to deploy the strongest and most advanced combination of Anti-Tamper software protection techniques available targeted at the real-time embedded market. CapTor is the first automatic anti-tamper software protection tool to incorporate constraint checking and timing analysis to remove the requirement for tedious real-time analysis that currently has to be done by hand.

GRAMMATECH, INC.
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Dr. David Melski
ARMY 04-160       Selected for Award
Title:Software Anti-Tamper for Real-Time Systems
Abstract:Adversaries reverse engineer weapons systems to replicate a system's advanced capabilities or discover its weaknesses. The software in advanced civilian products is similarly reverse engineered by competitors. Many of these critical systems are real-time systems. The restrictions of real-time have a significant impact on the implementation of anti-tamper technology. This work will examine popular real-time operating systems and scheduling algorithms and develop anti-tamper technology that affects an application's timing in a predictable and acceptable way. The resulting system will (1) perform binary-to-binary transformations on programs to provide real-time software with state-of-the-art protection against reverse engineering and, (2) provide information about modifications to the timing characteristics of the program. Source-to-source transformations that offer extra protection will also be explored. As part of the Phase I work, some techniques will be incorporated into a prototype.

OPTO-KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS, INC.
4030 Spencer St, Suite 108
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 371-4445
Dr. Nahum Gat
ARMY 04-161       Selected for Award
Title:Piezo Torquer Mechanism for Seeker Gimbal Cost Reduction
Abstract:We propose to implement and demonstrate an inexpensive piezo actuator as the torquer for an existing seeker stabilized mount. OKSI will work closely with members of a major missile manufacturer in the US. We are confident this manufacturer's significant s eeker background coupled with OKSI's experi-ence, and recent applications of small piezo motors configured for rotary motion, will yield a practical and easily implemented cost reduction to seekers in general. The piezo motors will replace the conven-tionally used servo motors for gimbal actuation and position. The candidate piezo motors can provide higher energy densities than servo and stepper motors, have long lifetimes, and can withstand shock, vibration, and temperature extremes in both operation and storage. Under Phase-I we will develop and demonstrate the use of a piezo actuator acting as the torquer on an existing seeker stabilized mount system currently or previously produced by the aforementioned missile manufacturer. During the Phase-I Option we will address the control algorithms to optimize performance using this inexpensive technology. Under Phase-II we will implement this technology into a complete operational system currently in production and demonstrate a working seeker system in Hardware In the Loop (HWIL) testing.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Stephen Kupiec
ARMY 04-162       Selected for Award
Title:GPU Intensive Modular Cluster Rendering for Hardware In-the-Loop Sensor Simulation
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a real-time physics-based near-infrared laser sensor scene generation system based on graphics processing unit (GPU) rendering algorithms, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new cluster accelerated simulation modular infrared (CASMIR) system based on GPU-intensive physics-based simulation algorithms exploiting both cluster- and node-level parallelism. The system takes full advantage of newly developed GPU architectures that combine highly programmable shading processors with hardware optimized to perform vector algebra, rapid table lookups, and other rendering operations. POC will also develop a novel form of cluster, combining a conventional Beowulf cluster with multiple PCI express (PCIe)-coupled GPU-based video cards in each node. Inter-node parallelism coupled with intra-node parallelism and the flexibility of GPU-based simulation enables CASMIR to perform real-time physics-based generation of high fidelity IR scenes. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the CASMIR system by means of a prototype cluster with intra- and inter-node parallelism. In Phase II POC plans to extend the CASMIR system to a high performance cluster capable of arbitrary IR simulation.

ACELLENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
155C-3 Moffett Park Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Dr. Amrita Kumar
ARMY 04-163       Selected for Award
Title:Autonomous Self-powered (ASP) Structural Health Monitoring system
Abstract:Acellent Technologies proposes to develop a self-powered structural health monitoring system for use in monitoring of mission critical structures such as missiles or combat vehicles in the field. The proposed system will be completely autonomous having the capabilities for (1) Energy harvesting for self-power generation, (2) Integrated sensors for robustness, (3) Sensor self-calibration for improved reliability and (4) Real-time damage detection in both metal and advanced composite material structures. The basis for the development will be Acellent's SMART Layer technology that utilizes a network of sensor embedded in a thin dielectric film to query and monitor the integrity of a structure. Phase I will focus on proving feasibility of utilizing the energy harvested by a piezoelectric sensor network for structural health monitoring. The development will be conducted in close collaboration with The Boeing Company. The developed system will be extremely portable, will provide for convenience and automation of inspection and can reduce structural life-cycle costs.

AGINOVA, INC.
1184 Ocean Avenue, D-4
Sea Bright, NJ 07760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 741-7065
Dr. Ashok Sabata
ARMY 04-164       Selected for Award
Title:In-situ Smart Corrosion Sensors for Army Missile Systems
Abstract:Early detection of corrosion and its severity can help control corrosion initiated failures in wheeled vehicles and aviation assets. Although preventive maintenance and periodic inspections are required to minimize cost of corrosion these routine inspections are limited to external areas and can be subjective. If it was possible to develop a low cost corrosion sensor that would be able to remotely monitor the onset of corrosion and its severity in inaccessible areas there would be a significant impact in reducing the cost of corrosion and also improving the military readiness. We propose to test a myraid of corrosion sensors some available commercially and some developed in our labs. The sensors evaluated not only detect corrosion early but by continuosly monitoring can minimize excess corrosion related maintenance and inspection in Army missile systems and Aircraft applications. Corrosion detection will be achieved using sensors such as MAS probe, Wetness sensors, impedance sensors etc. depending on the system. Corrosion severity will be measured by continuously monitoring (remotely) either using low cost motes (wireless devices) or a datalogger depending on the application.

ANALATOM, INC.
562 Weddell Drive, Suite 4
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 734-9392
Dr. Trevor Niblock
ARMY 04-164       Selected for Award
Title:Corrosion Sensors for Army Missile Systems and Aircraft Applications
Abstract:Corrosion Health Monitoring Systems (HMS) and Prognostics are key to maintaining the performance and reliability of high value, critical structures. Army seeks to minimize life-cycle costs due to environmental degradation of nonmetallic materials and corrosion of metals for missile and aging aircraft components by early detection, monitoring and prediction of corrosion using a HMS that satisfies critical size, weight, power and location constraints, e.g. underneath paint layers, thereby requiring state-of-the-art in microsensor and electronic subsystem technologies. Combining its sensor products and a custom-designed 3M Flexicircuit, Analatom proposes to develop a Corrosion Monitoring system that is both practical and feasible for missiles and aircraft monitoring, consisting of a multiplexed system of several nodes that obtain data from several low cost, microfabricated corrosion and MEMS strain gauge sensors with real time intelligent algorithms to detect, monitor and predict corrosion rates; use simple integrated electronic components for sensor interfacing; low cost, off-the-shelf microcontroller chips for data acquisition and processing, and download the sensor network data to a central health management system. During Phase I, the architectural strategy and failure-mode prediction algorithms will be developed along with feasibility demonstration. Software and interface protocols issues will additionally be addressed during this effort.

COGNITECH CORP.
1060 East 100 South, Suite 306
Salt Lake City, UT 84102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 322-0101
Dr. Wendelll Duncan
ARMY 04-165       Awarded: 21DEC04
Title:Shelf Life Prediction of Rocket Motors
Abstract:Stockpiles of weapons with composite rocket motors have been expensive to acquire. In the fortunate occurrence that these weapons are not used, they are too expensive to discard based upon simple expiration dates. However, use of these weapons can be dangerous if their integrity is compromised due to aging and deterioration. CogniTech proposes to build a software suite containing a graphical interface capable of evaluating and modeling the aging and deterioration of composite solid propellant rocket motors. This software will process sensor data from Remote Readiness Asset Prognostic/Diagnostic Systems (RRAPDS). Abilities will include importing, exporting, viewing, editing, analyzing and modeling environment data collected over decades for both individual motors and stockpiles. Simple one-dimensional models will initially evaluate stockpiles of weapons and identify individual motors that should receive a more detailed evaluation. Integrated with the graphical interface will also be a deterministic modeling capability that can do detailed modeling on individual rocket motors. The detailed deterministic modeling will leverage ATK Thiokol's FEM Builder/FEM Python software interfaced with ABAQUS to provide structural finite element analysis. The proposed software will assist Project Managers in managing their resources to obtain the longest service life of valuable weapons systems.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd, 3rd Floor
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-6273
Mr. Carl S. Byington
ARMY 04-165       Awarded: 22DEC04
Title:Integrated Rocket Motor Life Prediction System
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, proposes to develop an Integrated Rocket Motor Life Prediction Software System. Shelf life of missiles is limited due to aging and damage to the solid propellants. This, in turn, is due to daily and annual variation in storage conditions, shocks, stresses and transportation induced vibrations. The Army and missile manufacturers have a wide range of models and algorithms that give damage, reliability and age estimates for the missile, based on motor life. During Phase I, Impact will integrate these diverse models into a GUI driven software system that uses information fusion and probability based algorithms to combine the results of different models to provide an estimate of remaining life of the rocket motor. The software system will have a flexible architecture that will link rocket motor sensor data, storage area environmental data, statistical and manufactures data to the algorithms to provide a comprehensive missile reliability picture. Impact will tune and validate the system using rocket motor lifing data provided by the army. During Phase II, Impact will develop new algorithm and models that will use concepts from finite element analysis, viscoelasticity, nonlinear damage accumulation and probability theory to enhance and improve the fidelity of the life prediction system. In addition, Impact will continue to develop the GUI and improve the system architecture.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Scott K. Ralph
ARMY 04-166       Selected for Award
Title:Evaluation Testbed for ATD/T Performance Prediction (ETAPP)
Abstract:Currently, common techniques for evaluating automatic target detection/tracking (ATD/T) performance include use simple models, such as quick-look models, or detailed exhaustive simulation. Simple models cannot accurately quantify the performance of candidate algorithms, while the detailed simulation is time consuming, requiring evaluation over each operating condition. A need exists for ATD/T performance prediction based on more accurate models. We propose a method that predicts performance based on image measures quantifying the intrinsic difficulty of ATD/T on the image, as well as using relevant metadata. The propose measures are based on the National Imagery Interpretability Rating Scales (NIIRS) Measure, the Constant False Alarm Rate Measure (CFAR), and the Free Response Operating Characteristic (FROC). We propose a two-phase approach: a learning phase, where the image measures are computed over a set of test images, and the performance of each algorithm is computed; and a performance prediction phase. From the learning phase a model of predicted performance is learned that can be applied across several algorithms and over the various operating conditions, as represented by the test image suite. This model can be used for subsequent rapid evaluation of future algorithms. The testbed has plug-in capability to allow rapid evaluation of new ATD/T algorithms.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4188
Dr. Patrick Henning
ARMY 04-167       Selected for Award
Title:Conformal, Multicolor Detection System for SAL Seekers
Abstract:The urgent need for small diameter, guided, and inexpensive missiles presents engineering challenges to develop and demonstrate reliable and affordable seeker technology. Active research and development efforts are underway to replace the conventional gimbaled semi-active laser seeker mounted on the nose of the missile with non-gimbaled distributed architectures (DASALS) and focal-plane arrays (DAMASK), amongst other technologies. Ideally, the optical system would be compact, lightweight, have a large field of view and small f-number in order to deliver as much optical energy as possible to the detector(s). Such a system can be realized by a single lens that forms an image on a spherical detecting surface. In this Phase I SBIR effort, Foster-Miller proposes to develop processes to enable the fabrication of thermal detectors on curved or spherical surfaces, in order to meet this design paradigm. Once successful, the methods, materials and design architectures developed will transform seeker design and digital imaging, as we know of it today. (P-040657)

POLARIS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5710 Jones Valley Drive
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 824-6548
Dr. David Chenault
ARMY 04-167       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Low-Cost, Large-Area Conformal Detector Arrays
Abstract:The Army has a need for an Urban Missile, a missile that will be small, lethal, and low-cost. As currently envisioned, the Urban Missile will be a 50-mm round with kinetic performance similar to a Russian rocket propelled grenade (RPG). A key advantage over the RPG, however, will be a semi-active laser (SAL) seeker head that will help to ensure a high probability of kill (PK) and will help to minimize collateral damage. Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc., proposes to develop a solid-state, Multi-Aperture Seeker (MAS) concept. By directly coupling low-cost micro-optics to fixed photo detectors, our MAS concept will significantly reduce the cost of SAL seeker technology by eliminating the expensive domes, gimbals, and traditional optics typical of current-day SAL seekers. This proposal describes our seeker concept, defines the Phase I Objectives, describes a Work Plan for meeting these objectives, and lists the qualifications of the Polaris Team.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Jason Cline
ARMY 04-168       Awarded: 05JAN05
Title:FASPEC-Fast Adaptive Spectrometer Programmable for the Evaluation of Combustion
Abstract:Emerging scramjet technology has enormous potential for the development of small hypersonic aircraft and spacecraft, with numerous military and civilian applications. Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop a novel, high-speed, adaptive spectral imaging sensor for use as a research and development tool for monitoring combustion progress and temperature in the scramjet flow channel and exit plane. The sensor will measure temporally and spectrally resolved thermal radiance from combustion products (water and hydroxyl radical) over multiple lines of sight. By measuring different parts of the spectrum as a function of time, time-resolved gas temperature and water and hydroxyl concentrations will be retrieved. This passive, non-intrusive approach is ideally suited to the demanding hypersonic shock tunnel test environment, which is characterized by a very short experiment duration (time scale of milliseconds), limited optical access, and inhomogeneous fluid densities. The instrument features a robust, high-throughput design combining optical fibers with dynamically programmable dispersive optics containing no macroscopic moving parts. The spectral and spatial resolution are controlled through software, and the bandpasses can be digitally shaped to cancel interfering background radiation. This versatility should make the instrument applicable and cost effective for a wide variety of high-speed spectral applications.

STRATONICS, INC.
23151 Verdugo Drive, Suite 114
Laguna Hills, CA 92653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 461-7060
Dr. Ronald A. Parker
ARMY 04-168       Selected for Award
Title:Non-Intrusive Measurement Techniques for Scramjet Ground Test Environments
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a new visualization sensor based on high resolution diode laser absorption spectroscopy, for the non-intrusive measurement of flow-field species in hydrogen-fueled scramjet engine ground tests. The proposed instrument would measure the extinction of incident light levels from a tunable diode laser source chosen to emit at wavelengths which correspond to a particular rotation-vibration level for a particular molecule. Temperature and concentration measurements will be provided by incorporation of multiple wavelengths and time multiplexing. During the Phase I program we will develop and construct a prototype sensor and the sensor models to help optimize the design of the sensor as a combustion diagnostic tool for development of hypersonic scramjet systems. A limited demonstration program, using the LENS facilities at CUBRC, will be performed to evaluate the sensor functionality and to examine facility integration concepts. This diagnostic will provide valuable information on the fuel/air stream mixing and combustion processes in general, during hypersonic flow. This information will further support CFD modeling of the fuel injection.

NVE CORP. (FORMERLY NONVOLATILE ELECTRONICS, INC.
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 918-1155
Dr. Peter Eames
ARMY 04-169       Selected for Award
Title:Tamper Sensor Using a Metastable Magnetic Array
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will design and manufacture a unique anti-tamper device determines when adversarial acquisition or exploitation of U.S. analog and/or digital circuit components has been made by monitoring circuit activity. The sensor operates as a sensitive switch. The state of the switch is determined by the configuration of an array of lithographically defined magnetic elements. If the anti-tamper device is enabled, activity in sensitive circuits produces a current pulse and a magnetic field that realigns an element in the array from an initially metastable configuration. The state of the switch is read electrically and can be used to trigger an alarm or the destruction of the device. The array's design prevents the reinitializing of the magnetic elements into the original configuration without direct access to the device or the knowledge of a predetermined programming current value. External magnetic fields, above an ambient threshold, will trigger the sensor but cannot be used to reset the device. The proposed device combines emerging magnetic storage and sensor technologies with state-of-the-art microelectronic manufacturing. This allows the device to be very small, highly adaptable, and reliable. It can be put into a custom package or fully integrated into other circuit components at the wafer level.

SABRETEL
7302 Nez Perce Trace
Manor, TX 78653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 255-4794
Mr. Mike Wiles
ARMY 04-169       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Hardware Anti-Tamper Techniques
Abstract:SabreTel is developing an innovative embedded SecureRISC processor. The SabreTel SecureRISC Processor architecture is being developed to protect embedded application object code from being reverse engineered, detect any hacker attempts to tamper with the code, and take specific action as specified by the system designer when tampering is detected. The SecureRISC will be based on state-of-the-art computer architecture. The SabreTel SecureRISC will provide anti-tamper protection by executing AES encrypted opcodes. All object code external to the processor chip will be encrypted using the AES algorithm. Each instance of the encrypted object code will be different as a result of using the AES algorithm and a different key. Hackers will have a very difficult time reverse engineering the application code and determining in real time what the processor code is doing. Further, by executing object code in a modern cache architecture the hacker will not be able to tell what instruction in the cache is being executed by the processor. The innovative SecureRISC architecture provides three layers of security, of which without any one the embedded system is disabled: 1.) opcode encrypted application program, 2.) AES key, and 3.) hardware opcode decryption engine.

CERANOVA CORP.
P. O. Box 278
Hopkinton, MA 01748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 460-0300
Dr. Marian R. Pascucci
ARMY 04-170       Selected for Award
Title:Consolidation of Nanograin Ceramics
Abstract:The proposed program will demonstrate the feasibility of consolidating nanoparticle dispersions of high purity yttria (Y2O3) to produce fine grain (< 1 m) infrared transparent material for supersonic missile domes and windows. Previously funded efforts to produce IR transparent yttria resulted in material with high transmittance but insufficient strength to withstand the mechanical and thermal stresses imposed by the application conditions. Nano and small grain ceramics offer the potential for improved mechanical strength over their larger grain counterparts. CeraNova Corporation has developed techniques for shaping and densifying nanoparticle alumina to produce transparent polycrystalline alumina with grain size 400-700 nm, excellent transmittance in the MWIR (3-5m), and mechanical properties superior to sapphire. These techniques, and previous experience gained from earlier work on transparent yttria, will be applied to the proposed program, which will utilize dispersions of yttria-based nanoparticulates supplied by a nano-powder provider. CeraNova's proposed approach involves shape-forming and consolidation of particle dispersions and a two-stage densification process to achieve full density and control grain growth. The objective is to achieve transmittance ~80% in the 3-5m region for 2mm thick disks and mechanical strength twice as great as that of the conventional, large grain equivalent.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Mr. Thomas J. Mroz
ARMY 04-170       Selected for Award
Title:Consolidation of Nanograin Ceramics
Abstract:Improvement in strength is desirable in order to make yttria suitable for transparent window/dome applications. The strength of fine-grain ceramics is limited first by grain size, and second by processing flaws. These strength limiters can be controlled, yielding high-strength and improved transmission by using nanoscale powders and using suitable green-body fabrication techniques and densification schedules. In general, fine grain size in undoped single phase materials is favored by unagglomerated powders; by very uniform "monodisperse" powder particle sizes; by uniform and dense packing (green body fabrication) and by careful control of microstructure by controlled heat treatment schedules that favor densification over grain-growth. Individual technologies have previously been demonstrated to yield some of these process control improvements. However, they have not yet been connected to create an overall process that will repeatably produce high quality components with fine grain size. In this program, we will integrate these approaches to process and consolidate nanoscale yttria precursor powders into transparent components with submicron particle size. The resulting samples are expected to yield improved strength and transmission compared to traditionally fabricated yttria.

MATERIALS SCIENCES CORP.
181 Gibraltar Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Mr. Richard Foedinger
ARMY 04-171       Selected for Award
Title:High Strength Nanomaterials Fiber for Lightweight Composite Missile Cases (MSC P1T39-432)
Abstract:Solid rocket motor cases for advanced tactical missile systems use lightweight, high strength composite materials to achieve high propellant mass fractions and increase overall propulsion system efficiency. Meeting the increasingly more demanding missile and propulsion system performance goals for next-generation missile systems will require leap-ahead improvements in composite motor case material technology. Recent advances in the field of nanocomposites provides an important opportunity for achieving improved composite strength and multifunctional performance capability for advanced lightweight composite motor cases. Carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced fibers have been developed and demonstrated on a laboratory scale and have shown promise for increasing the strength, stiffness, conductivity and toughness of composite structures. The proposed research offers an integrated analytical/manufacturing/ experimentation approach for development of a robust, scaleable process for producing CNT nanofibers in continuous lengths suitable for use in high performance filament wound composite rocket motor cases. The proposed Phase I program involves: (1) CNT nanofiber process development and scale-up, (2) thorough evaluation of the influence of different nanomaterial reinforcement types, concentrations and process conditions on the delivered properties of the nanocomposite fiber, and (3) transition of the process and nanofiber material technology to a commercial fiber manufacturer and composite rocket motor case production company.

FLORIDA TURBINE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
140 Intracoastal Pointe; Suite 301
Jupiter, FL 33477
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 746-3317
Mr. P. Dean Johnson
ARMY 04-172       Awarded: 22DEC04
Title:HIGHLY EFFICIENT TURBOFAN ENGINE AERO DESIGN FOR LONGER RANGE MUNITIONS
Abstract:Small expendable gas turbine engines historically suffer from poor specific fuel consumption (SFC) and high costs for military applications. These engines are single-shaft turbojets and their use in the propulsion system of future advanced munitions such as the Army's Non-Line of Sight Launch System Loitering Attack Munition (NLOS-LS LAM) will greatly limit the munition's operational capability. Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc. (FTT) has developed an improved design concept for an expendable gas turbine engine for use in military applications. The new concept addresses key challenges that limit the effective use of small turbojets, and provides an alternative highly efficient affordable turbofan engine. FTT focuses the current effort on the development of an optimized aerodynamic design of fan, compressor and turbine airfoils using 3D steady and unsteady advanced computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The resulting aero design can be used in subsequent mechanical design of a small engine with half the fuel consumption and significantly lower cost than today's turbojet baseline. Analytical validation of the improvement in fuel consumption over today's turbojet baseline will be provided.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Dr. Sanford M. Dash
ARMY 04-173       Selected for Award
Title:Alternate Scramjet Fuel Modeling and Evaluation
Abstract:Our Phase I program entails examining the addition of micron and nano-sized aluminum particles to hydrogen fuel for use in hypersonic (M>8) scramjet propulsive flowpath concepts being evaluated for long range missile applications. CFD methodology will be used in these studies that has been validated using full scale data sets obtained in the CUBRC LENS shock tunnel facility. Preliminary aluminum burn models for both micron and nano-sized particles will be formulated based on a literature review, and, on present nano particle research of Prof. Yetter and coworkers at Penn State University. These new particle burn models will be incorporated into the CRAFT Tech three-phase Navier-Stokes codes and evaluated via unit problem supersonic combustion studies. An experimental program will be outlined that will serve to improve upon the preliminary burn models developed in the Phase I program. An optional task will evaluate the effects on performance obtainable by use of aluminum particle additives for current axisymmetric and inward turning scramjet concepts now being investigated.

GHKN ENGINEERING, LLC
P.O. Box 2585
Redmond, WA 98073
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 881-3635
Dr. Richard D, Smith
ARMY 04-174       Selected for Award
Title:An Integrated Thrust Control Solution
Abstract:This proposal describes a feasibility study to evaluate several concepts for integrated thrust vector control of a tactical missile. The proposed designs include a moveable aeropintle capable of moving laterally as well as axially and a fluidic gas injection system with the goal of provide both thrust variation and thrust vector control. The variable thrust aeropintle can be mechanized to move in the appropriate direction, on command, to achieve the desired flight path. The fluidic approach evaluated will include fluidic control injection utilizing chamber bleed gas or a third component pressure fed gas into the exhaust stream of the variable thrust aeropintle concept. Another approach to be examined is a gimbaled aeropintle with an axial position actuator. The objective of this study is to develop a baseline design offering a substantial improvement in flight path control such that the vehicle flight can be altered as much as a reversal in direction ("U" turn). The baseline design recommended as a result of this study will be evaluated for cost/schedule benefits and applicability to current missile designs.

WICKMAN SPACECRAFT & PROPULSION CO.
3745A Studer
Casper, WY 82604
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(307) 265-5895
Mr. John Wickman
ARMY 04-174       Awarded: 23DEC04
Title:A Pintle Nozzle With Thrust Vector Control
Abstract:Tactical missiles can use pintle nozzles to control speed and wings to steer to targets, but this is inadequate for many targets. To hit a wider variety of targets, tactical missiles must be able to steer the rocket's exhaust gas. A common method of doing this is to use a separate TVC system. However, it is often heavy and requires additional power to operate. If the TVC system can be integrated into a pintle nozzle for lighter weight and lower power requirements, Army missile capability will be greatly increased above current levels. Wickman Spacecraft & Propulsion Company proposes an innovative pintle nozzle with integral TVC. It deflects the exhaust gases and provides an unsymmetric pressure distribution on the exit cone walls to provide missile steering. It does this through a unique pintle geometry that can be adjusted to provide thrust vectoring from neutral to a range of thrust angles. During Phase I, WSPC will generate a preliminary layout design of a pintle nozzle with integral TVC based on advanced CFD and engineering analysis. This design will be tested in Phase II.

SPORIAN MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
4699 Nautilus Court, Suite 201
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Dr. Kevin Harsh
ARMY 04-175       Awarded: 04JAN05
Title:Development of a Highly Integrated Multifunctional Optical Sensor for Monitoring Weapons Health and Battlefield Environments
Abstract:There exists a need for highly integrated, multifunctional optical sensors for in situ monitoring of weapons health and microbial/chemical environments. These highly integrated optical sensors should yield a sensor with better sensing capability (such as sensing multiple parameters simultaneously) and sensitivity, lower cost, lighter weight, higher robustness, and smaller size that current conventional individual electronic and mechanical sensors. The objective of this work is to develop such an integrated optical sensor that can make use of three general types of sensing methods including optical sensing of reactive materials for chemical sensing, physical displacement sensing for sensing physical parameter such as pressure and vibration, and immunoassay based sensing for detecting the presence of biological/chemical/explosive compounds. The novel optical sensor design outlined in this proposal will support the simultaneous integration of all three of these sensing methods, ultimately resulting in highly integrated multisensors capable of sensing a wide range or parameters, environments, and conditions. This sensor design is well suited to existing manufacturing and microelectronics packaging techniques and is expected to be cost effective and highly manufacturable.

OPTECHNOLOGY, INC.
7901 Smoke Rise Rd SE
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-2186
Mr. Kirk R. Biszick
ARMY 04-176       Awarded: 21DEC04
Title:Strategically Tuned Absolutely Resilient Structures
Abstract:The goal of this research program is to develop innovative smart structures that are lightweight, highly resilient, damage tolerant, and fatigue resistant with embedded sensors and active elements. The project is based on pioneer research conducted by our team in the area of Strategically Tuned Absolutely Resilient Structures (STARS) and we intend to develop a unique blend of structural materials with improved mechanical properties; and, quantitative models for predicting both the static and dynamic responses and the remaining useful life of structures built from these materials. STARS are unique in that their component materials are purposefully stressed and deformed to the largest extent possible to store the maximum amount of potential energy. In Phase I we plan to address the fundamental relationships between the structure of our composites and their mechanical properties as influenced by composition, processing, environment, stress state, and loading rate. Consideration will be given to damage initiation and progression, failure mechanisms, and life prediction, factors essential for the development of new heterogeneous structural systems.

ACCESS BIO, INC.
2033 Route 130
Monmouth Jct., NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 297-2222
Dr. Hyeonsuk Kim
ARMY 04-177       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Field Deployable Diagnostic Test for Active Cutaneous Leishmania and a Test for Latent Infection
Abstract:Leishmaniasis has significant impact on military and civilian populations throughout the Asia-Africa region, including Afghanistan and Iraq. There are currrentlly no proper field-deployable diagnostic tools for the key form, cutaneous leishmaniasis. Development of an assay which detects cutaneous leishmaniasis, that is rapid, accurate, field usable, soldier-friendly, and meets regulatory requirements is a high priority for DoD and also a priority for health and government medical centers responsible for inhabitants and visitors to the region. Access Bio proposes to develop and commercialize a rapid diagnostic test for military and civilian use. Immediate benefits include the ability to detect cutaneous leishmaniasis on a disease-stage basis (acute/chronic) and generation of revenues to a US small business concern. Downstream potential benefits include utilization of the knowledge to develop a useful monitoring kit for a leishmaniasis vaccine currently under development and application and modification of the current research and development approach to other parasitic diseases in the future.

INBIOS INTERNATIONAL
562 Ist Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Dr. Raymond Houghton
ARMY 04-177       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Field Deployable Diagnostic Test for Active Cutaneous Leishmania and a Test for Latent Infection
Abstract:The proposed immunochromatographic diagnostic test would be a useful rapid diagnostic test for the direct detection of Leishmania parasites responsible for cutaneous leishmaniasis in soldiers exhibiting skin lesions. It would have application in detecting Leishmania parasites directly from needle aspirates/swabs of skin lesions in a field environment hence facilitating accurate treatment. The major advantage of this diagnostic methodology is that is it is non invasive and provides rapid (<15 min) detection of the presence of Leishmania parasites. The test would have high sensitivity and the ability to differentiate from visceral forms of Leishmaniasis. It would have field applications for troops deployed to the Middle East and Afghanistan as well as to travelers to these regions of the world.

OPERATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
4100 N. W. Loop 410, Suite 230
San Antonio, TX 78229
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(210) 731-0015
Dr. John G. Bruno
ARMY 04-177       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Fluorescent Aptamer Tests for Active and Latent Leishmania
Abstract:Operational Technologies Corporation (OpTech) proposes to couple the sensitivity of fluorescence-based assays with the high affinity and selectivity of DNA aptamers as replacements for antibodies to detect Leishmania infections. The primary target for detection of active cutaneous Leishmania species will be the common 11kD kinetoplastid membrane protein (KMP-11). During Phase I, OpTech will make FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) DNA aptamers to the entire KMP-11 protein and several Leishmania-specific antigens provided by the Army. Latent infections may be detectable by anti-KMP-11 antibodies and possibly infection-related cytokines or markers via a competitive FRET assay employing lower affinity fluorophore-labeled aptamers and quencher-labeled KMP-11, which OpTech will attempt to demonstrate in Phase I. Lower affinity aptamers can be produced by fewer cycles of SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment) and by controlling buffer stringency. If successful, OpTech will optimize and adapt each of these assays for use in field kits to detect Leishmania in both blood samples and captured sand flies by use of a commercially available handheld, battery-operated fluorometer. Final assays will be freeze-dried in sealed plastic cuvettes or in OpTech's proprietary magnetic bead-based microfluidic plastic cartridge, which is currently under development.

SILOAM BIOSCIENCES LLC
3130 Highland Avenue, 3rd Floor
Cincinnati, OH 45219
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 475-6650
Dr. Jae Y. Lee
ARMY 04-179       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:A Handheld Monitoring System For Biomarkers Of Response From Blood
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR Phase I effort is to demonstrate proof-of-concept for a functional handheld system to monitor biomarkers or response. Specifically, during the Phase I effort we will demonstrate a disposable biochip, which can be used as a part of the handheld system, for simultaneous detection of acetylcholinesterase inhibition and Metallothionein (MT1 & MT2) concentration using immunoassay techniques. The biochip will be designed to measure these biomarkers from whole blood samples. The disposable biochip will be fabricated using BioMEMS technology and will include integrated microneedle for minimally invasive blood sampling. It is anticipated that the biochip (approx. 1.5"x2.5"x0.25") can be used with ~ a scientific calculator sized, handheld analyzer (developed in Phase II) for point-of-care biomonitoring. The research team includes members who are renowned experts in their area, with specific backgrounds in BioMEMS device development (at Siloam Biosciences) and identification/detection of biomarkers of exposure (at Center of Environmental Genetics, University of Cincinnati). The ultimate goal of this effort is to develop at least two different disposable biochips to work with a handheld analyzer. The two biochips will each be designed to detect multiple biomarkers of response (panel) elicited from organophosphates/carbamtes and organic industrial chemicals.

AGAVE BIOSYSTEMS, INC.
P.O. Box 80010
Austin, TX 78708
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Dr. Louis Hom
ARMY 04-180       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Human Paraoxonase Bioscavenger for Nerve Agents
Abstract:In this Phase I, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop a catalytic organophosphorus bioscavenger based on human paraoxonase 1 (PON1) for the protection of personnel against OP nerve agents. A catalytic bioscavenger that detoxifies multiple organophosphorus (OP) molecules by hydrolysis rather than a single OP molecule like Hu-BuChE greatly reduces the amount of protein required, making administration of the scavenger to large numbers of individuals safer and less expensive. PON1 is a serum protein found in humans and other animals which has been shown to catalytically inactivate paraoxon and other organophosphorus compounds. While the wild type human enzyme possesses too little activity to protect against large doses of OP agents, preliminary studies of chimeric PON1 mutants have identified a number of sequence changes that increase phosphotriesterase (PTE) activity significantly. A human PON1 (huPON1) with enhanced PTE activity could provide full protection against otherwise lethal exposures to OP agents and would still be compatible with the human immune system, allowing multiple doses to be administered.

TERA BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP.
1641 28th St.
San Diego, CA 92102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-2052
Dr. Bob Shopes
ARMY 04-180       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Evolving a Human Enzyme into a Catalytic Bioscavenger
Abstract:Recent changes in the security situation facing citizens in the United States and military personnel abroad have greatly increased the threat that chemical weapons will be used against American forces and American civilians in the field as well as at home. Many third world countries and terrorist groups have the capability of producing and delivering chemical agents thus posing a substantial and serious threat to the armed forces of the United States. There is a great need for protection of military personnel from unexpected nerve agent exposure during warfare, as well as protection of rescuers and medical personnel from exposure after assessing that a nerve agent attack has occurred. The objectives of this Phase I proposal are to develop an expression system to express a highly diversified mutation library and to validate a high-throughput assay for the molecular evolution of hBchE. The success of Phase I will establish tools for molecular evolution efforts in Phase II involving multiple rounds of large-scale functional screening.

GENESEGUES, INC.
3180 High Point
Chaska, MN 55318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 443-3798
Dr. Gretchen Unger
ARMY 04-181       Selected for Award
Title:Nanocapsules for transposon therapy in cancer
Abstract:Viral vectors are used in more than 70% of current gene therapy trials. However, immunogenicity, oncogenicity, and poor tumor transfection efficiencies present significant barriers to clinical success. Sleeping Beauty Transposon (SBT) technology, combined with a targeted, tumor-penetrating, non-viral gene transfer system, offers an alternative approach for therapeutic transgene production with low toxicity. We have developed a non-viral, sub-50 nm capsule formulation platform that condenses and encapsulates macromolecules in protein/peptide capsules for targeted drug delivery. In vitro, we have demonstrated nanocapsule uptake is receptor-mediated via caveolae, supporting the possibility of efficient tumor-targeting and intracellular delivery. In vivo, we have demonstrated the potential of nanocapsules for systemic, targeted, tumor-penetrating delivery of oligonucleotides, and produced expression of SBT plasmids for reporter and therapeutic genes. We propose to demonstrate feasibility of nanoencapsulated SBT plasmids for use in targeted treatment of advanced prostate cancer, by comparing the biodistribution of three nanocapsule coating proteins for tumor-targeting in a syngeneic, orthotopic model of prostate cancer. We will select the most promising coating for future testing with a transposon plasmid being developed to generate siRNA against hyaluronan receptors CD44 and RHAMM-1, which have been shown to play major roles in prostate cancer metastasis and tumor survival.

DIAMOND VISIONICS LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A, PO Box 1276
Vestal, NY 13851
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-8526
Mr. Graham Upton
ARMY 04-182       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Medical Simulation Training for First Response to Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Events
Abstract:Diamond Visionics in collaboration with RTI International, will develop a concept plan and proof-of-concept demonstration for a deployable PC-based simulation training system for chemical, biological and nuclear emergency scenarios. We plan to develop an innovative product that will provide first responder training for a wide variety of military and civilian participants who may be involved in CBRNE events. Our detailed system design will include all of the components necessary for complete first responder training. We will use our unique networking methods to provide multi-player interaction during training scenarios where multiple participants will interact to provide extremely realistic training. Our extensive real-time graphics knowledge and experience will provide a 3-D visualization that will include human characters that exhibit multiple behaviors and various realistic physiologies. CBRNE events will allow for multiple casualties. Instructors will be able to alter the simulation on the fly as well as retrieve assessment information. Our powerful debrief tools will be integrated into the system to enhance the student learning experience. SCORM compliance will be designed into the system to ensure that trainees are learning the appropriate objectives of a lesson, allow for data tracking, and provide sequencing where applicable.

SIMMERSION LLC
9881 Broken Land Parkway, Suite 400
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 283-2504
Dr. Dale E. Olsen
ARMY 04-182       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Medical Simulation Training for First Response to Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Events
Abstract:SIMmersion's simulation technology was developed to teach law enforcement and military personnel to conduct complex interpersonal exchanges ranging from criminal investigations to recruiting. These simulations use video to create realistic PC simulations of people you talk with for training communications skills of all sorts. The simulated people have memory and an advanced emotional model; they are different each time you talk to them. They build skills, improve retention, and increase confidence. These engaging simulations are obvious candidates for teaching healthcare professionals needed skills including the ability to distinguish routine symptoms that are manifestations of a common problem, from similar symptoms that are indicative of a terrorist attack. The overall objective of this proposal is to develop new training and evaluate the effectiveness of that training for identifying indicators of various CBRNE attacks. The training replaces expensive standardized patient with simulated ones. The goals of Phase I and the Phase I option will be to build and evaluate a prototype system for teaching clinical practitioners to identifying smallpox and get feedback for Phase II. The Phase II training simulations will be directed at the early identification of smallpox and other CBRNE attacks and will be suitable for a wider audience.

THERE, INC.
165 Jefferson Drive
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 433-4063
Mr. Matt Kaufman
ARMY 04-182       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Medical Simulation Training for First Response to Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Events
Abstract:We will demonstrate that simulation based training with avatars in 3D virtual world scenarios is an effective tool for training medical first responders to CBRNE events by conducting research and development in three areas: Develop Core Curriculum for Medical First Responders: We propose to develop a core curriculum for two CBRNE scenarios: release of sarin gas and explosion of a radioactive "dirty bomb". Elements of the training curriculum include the trainees, learning objectives, training method, performance assessment, and program evaluation. Build and Evaluate Proof of Concept Virtual Environment: Using the core curriculum, we propose to leverage There, Inc.'s distributed simulation and communication platform to develop virtual replicas of the CBRNE events. The virtual environment will operate over the Internet using common PC hardware and will be evaluated by medical first responders for its ability to be a compelling, realistic, and repeatable training environment. Create Technology Roadmap for Scriptable Avatar Health and Injury System: We propose to deliver a technical implementation plan that adds scriptable health and injury behavior that can be programmed by medical experts for use in CBRNE training. We believe this functionality, coupled with ongoing development efforts will lead to a commercialized simulation based training system for medical first responders.

ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS, INC.
933 Lewis Dr., Suite C
Winter Park, FL 32789
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Dr. Bruce Mortimer
ARMY 04-184       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Hemorrhage Control for Non-Compressible Extremity Injuries
Abstract:It is estimated that 10% of the soldiers killed on the battlefield bleed to death from extremity wounds. Failure to rapidly control hemorrhage leads to inadequate organ perfusion (shock) and death. Many of these lives can be saved by the prompt and effective use of a tourniquet. However, a subset of extremity injuries occur at a level that is not amenable to tourniquet application, and vascular injuries in the region of the groin continue to be largely untreatable on the battlefield. This project addresses this need by offering a new, synergistic based approach to the immediate treatment of severe arterial injuries, including the fully transected, retracted femoral artery. EAI's plan is to develop a small, hand-held device that uses acoustic means to control hemorrhage flow from severe vascular injuries, and apply hemostatic drug agents and/or High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) to achieve hemostasis. The device will be compact and suitable for use by combat medics on the front lines.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4154
Ms. Marina Temchenko
ARMY 04-184       Awarded: 28DEC04
Title:Novel Hydrogel-Based System for Hemorrhage Control
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project presents a novel hydrogel-based approach to hemorrhage control of extremity injuries, which would allow the stoppage of bleeding of hard to reach arteries. Such a system would increase a soldier's chance of survival and would allow medical personnel to successfully treat the injury in a battlefield venue. The Phase I program will involve the synthesis and characterization of the hydrogels and evaluation of their swelling in blood plasma. In an Option program, the hydrogel system will be tested for its ability to prevent liquid flow in an apparatus designed to simulate hemorrhage control. (P-040690)

HEMODYNE
800 East Leigh St.
Richmond, VA 23219
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(804) 828-9329
Mr. Mark Licata
ARMY 04-184       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Hemorrhage Control for Non-Compressible Extremity Injuries
Abstract:The Army has requested a small device capable of controlling hemorrhage from vascular injuries in the proximal extremities, specifically the groin. The device desired will be used on injuries that are not amenable to tourniquet application and will be used at the level of the combat medic. To this end we believe that it would be possible to create a small device, which may serve several purposes including stabilization of the pelvis as well as providing continuous, intense and evenly distributed pressure in the groin capable of completely occluding the femoral and possible the external iliac vessels.

PAYLOAD SYSTEMS, INC.
247 Third St.
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 868-8086
Dr. Javier de Luis
ARMY 04-184       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Hemorrhage Control for Non-Compressible Extremity Injuries
Abstract:A significant number of battlefield deaths could be prevented through the development of devices and techniques suitable for application in the field as temporary measures for immediate treatment. It is known that up to 10% of battlefield fatalities occur because soldiers bleed to death due to wounds inflicted on their proximal extremities, where it is often not possible to apply standard first aid methods, such as the tourniquet. Payload Systems Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a device that could be inserted into a wound to slow or stop bleeding sufficiently long that the injured person can be transferred to a facility able to treat the injury appropriately. Using an innovative polymer gel inside a bio-compatible flexible package, the device would be placed inside a wound, where it would swell and adapt to the cavity, in response either to an applied fluid or the patient's own blood, and apply a controlled amount of pressure on the walls of that cavity. This would provide an adaptable mechanical means to stop or slow bleeding in injury sites that are difficult to treat with traditional methods.

INFLEXXION, INC.
320 Needham Street, Suite 100
Newton, MA 02464
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 332-6028
Dr. Emil Chiauzzi
ARMY 04-185       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Our Strength in Families (OSiF): A Web-based Interactive Coping Skill and Resiliency Program for Military Families
Abstract:Military personnel increasingly face deployments and prolonged separations from partners and families. Deployments have a profound effect on the loved ones of military personnel and often result in problems in intimate and family relationships. In turn, these problems can contribute to lower morale and motivation, poorer performance, lost work days, higher disability rates, decreased readiness, and declining reenlistment. This project will build on available knowledge and existing interventions to develop an interactive Web-based relationship-enhancement psychoeducational resource for couples experiencing deployments. This program, Our Strength in Families (OSiF), will draw on existing theoretical and empirical work, as well as new information to be gathered from focus groups with members of the target population, interviews with leading scientists and experts, and concept mapping with key stakeholders during Phase I. Content will be synthesized, the underlying technology will be developed, and an initial test of usability will be conducted during the Phase I Option period. OSiF will incorporate features demonstrated to improve relationship functioning among couples experiencing military deployments. OSiF has several advantages relative to available interventions, in particular, its interactivity and individual tailoring of content, its theoretically-driven, integrative approach, its enhanced accessibility, cost-effectiveness, and ease of use.

PROCELL CORP.
9700 Great Seneca Highway, Suite 182
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 453-6247
Dr. Yvonnr Rosenberg
ARMY 04-186       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Development of a Viral Based Gene Delivery System for Chemical Agent Bioscavengers and Biological Agent Vaccines
Abstract:In recent years, exogenous administration of cholinesterases have been successfully used as safe and efficacious prophylactic treatments due to their capacity to scavenge nerve agents toxins inhibition of the targeted endogenous acetylcholinesterase can occur. Based on availability, broad spectrum efficacy, stability and safety, homologous native butyrylcholin-esterase (BChE) represents to date the best candidate in terms of develop-ing a human treatment. However, the currently used methods of native enzyme isolation from frozen human plasma are time consuming and expensive and highlight the importance of developing, as an alternate and parallel treatment strategy, a viral vector mediated gene therapy based approach to produce human BChE as an in vivo antidote. The goal of this proof of concept proposal is to determine the feasibility of developing a recombinant AAV2/9 transcapsidated vector for the in vivo transfer of HuBChE genes and in vivo production of bioscavenger sufficient to protect against exposure to neurotoxins. The study specifically aims to: (i) Construct bicistronic expression cassettes encoding HuBChE-EGFP for insertion into AAV-2 vector plasmid. (ii) Generate, produce and purify infectious replication-incompetent transcapsidated AAV2/9 viral particles using a triple transient transfection system in order to deliver the bicistronic HuBChE-EGFP genes and (iii) Express the rHuBChE gene in vitro by transduction of the IB3 airway epithelial cell and the C2C12 muscle cell lines. The AAV2/9 chimaera is relatively new and was chosen because of its good tropism for both airway epithelial (lung) cells (IB3) and muscle cells; both of which are important as in vivo sites of nerve agent exposure and injury. In Phase I, gene delivery by vectors encoding the expression of MaBChE? in addition to the HuBChE enzyme, is also planned due to the importance of using an homologous macaque system in Phase II to accurately assess levels of enzyme expression and to confirm the anticipated absence of anti-BChE antibodies and other adverse side effects following gene delivery.

TERA BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP.
1641 28th St.
San Diego, CA 92102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-2052
Dr. Andrew Baird
ARMY 04-186       Awarded: 10JAN05
Title:Gene Delivery of Chemical Agent Bioscavengers
Abstract:In phase I we propose to create a gene delivery system that overcomes the disadvantages of standard approaches to gene therapy. This system may also be customized for particular applications. In this case, we will create gene therapy tropism to certain tissues for the delivery of a gene for human BchE.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Dr. Wei Chen
ARMY 04-187       Selected for Award
Title:Nanoparticle Self-Lighting Photodynamic Therapy For Ovarian Cancer Treatment
Abstract:Nomadics is a research and development company that has been quite successful in developing products for the biomedical market. The majority of our research involves the development of advanced materials that are being exploited for commercial applications. In this effort, we propose a novel method for ovarian cancer treatment that combines radiotherapy and photodynamic therapy. Under this concept, luminescent nanoparticles with attached photosensitizers, such as porphyrins, are used as a new type of agent for photodynamic therapy. Upon exposure to ionizing radiation, light will emit from the nanoparticles to activate the photosensitizers; as a consequence, a singlet oxygen is produced to augment the killing of cancer cells by ionizing radiation. With this novel therapeutic approach, no external light is necessary to activate the photosensitizing agent within tumors. Thus, we call this new modality a self-lighting photodynamic therapy (SLPDT). The combination of radiotherapy and photodynamic therapy will provide a less expensive and more efficient treatment for cancer patients. Our photoluminescent nanoparticles have already demonstrated effective biomedical applications, such as in vivo imaging and dosimetry. The proposed work is a natural extension of our current research and commercialization objectives.

SENIOR SCIENTIFIC
11109 Country Club Drive NE
Albuquerque, NM 87111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 294-1298
Dr. Edward R. Flynn
ARMY 04-187       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Developing Nanotechnologies for Detection and/or Targeted Treatment
Abstract:Early detection of ovarian cancer is a primary goal in cancer imaging. Normal screening tests are pelvic examination and ultrasound. Pelvic examination reveals only advanced cancer, and ultrasound has many false positive results. We describe here, a novel approach using biomagnetic sensors to detect in-vivo, magnetic nanoparticles targeted to ovarian cancer cells and tumor angiogenesis sites. We have already developed this methodology for breast cancer imaging using SQUID magnetic sensors to detect and image magnetized nanoparticles after binding to cancer sites. Unlike optical methods, the body is transparent to magnetic fields and the cancer source can be imaged in-vivo to a few mm. We use a multichannel system and special magnetization methods to detect and image the magnetic signals from targeted cancer cells. A Phase I program will use phantoms that simulate the body to test nanoparticles with antibodies, such as CA-125, and angiogenesis agents targeting tumors. We will determine nanoparticle properties, sensitivity to cancer sites and imaging capabilities. We will determine the efficacy of adding anti-cancer drugs to nanoparticles targeted to the imaged sites with specialized magnetic concentration methods. Injections of minute amount of nanoparticles are all that is required.

SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Mr. R. Wade Allen
ARMY 04-188       Selected for Award
Title:Fatigue and Performance Modeling of Sleep-Deprived Soldiers
Abstract:Soldiers with chronic sleep restriction have reduced cognitive performance that can result in dangerous and deadly behavior. Current mathematical models used to predict performance are based on the Two-Process sleep regulation and have been well-validated for single episodes of sleep deprivation, but not for chronic sleep restriction and recovery. An innovative new modeling approach will be developed based on hybrid neural networks, where the existing circadian pacemaker model will be retained and combined with a neural network mapping of the fatigue and performance metrics. The model will first be trained to duplicate existing Two-Process models, and then will be altered as needed and training directly from experimental data. A technical issue that will be resolved is how to include sleep and wake protocols in the model structure and training. An experiment will be designed in Phase I to increase the database for chronic sleep restriction studies, using tasks relevant to Army personnel. The experiment will be conducted in Phase II. The new models when validated can be used to determine unit readiness and to schedule sleep regimens. Real time versions combined with physiological measurements can potentially be used to adapt to and monitor individual soldiers.

GENVEC, INC.
65 W. Watkins Mill Road
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 632-5543
Dr. Joseph Bruder
ARMY 04-189       Selected for Award
Title:High Throughput Genomics Screening for Malaria Antigen Discovery
Abstract:Malaria is a major threat to world health and the personnel of the US armed forces. To date there is no available effective protective vaccine. However, an abundance of data in animal models and in humans has indicated the existence of protective antigens and demonstrated that an effective vaccine against malaria is feasible. Unfortunately, the most effective vaccine, based on radiation attenuated Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites, is not practical for mass use. The overall goal of this proposal is to develop a technology that can identify and prioritize novel protective target antigens for vaccine development. Our hypothesis is that P. yoelii antigens that are recognized by irradiated sporozoite immunized mice can be identified using an in vitro system and that such antigens will elicit strong protective immune responses when delivered in a potent vaccine. Furthermore, the corresponding P. falciparum orthologues will be excellent vaccine candidates. The phase I SBIR focuses on the feasibility of the screen; objective #1 focuses on methods to generate antigen carrying vectors, objective #2 focuses on the assays to identify T-cells specificities from immune animals, and objective #3 focuses on the use of proprietary adenoviral targeting technology to improve the sensitivity and through-put of the screen.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Michael Danilich
ARMY 04-190       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Novel Antimicrobial Nanocomposite Bone Graft Material
Abstract:Open fractures account for approximately 20% of all combat-related injuries. The long time between injury and treatment caused by delayed evacuation has resulted in higher infection and morbidity rates relative to similar civilian injuries. The current standard of care for open fractures involves irrigation, debridement, initial stabilization, and antibiotic therapy. In order to provide local antibiotic therapy and fill dead space, antibiotics are often combined with poly(methylmethacrylate), rolled into beads, and placed in the bone defect. This approach necessitates numerous subsequent surgical procedures to remove the beads and graft bone, thereby increasing morbidity and cost. To address this critical need, Luna Innovations proposes to develop a novel load-bearing, but resorbable, antimicrobial bone graft material. The material will be a nanocomposite consisting of biopolymer and mineral components and will incorporate a novel biocidal compound that has exhibited efficacy against both gram positive and gram negative organisms. It will derive its initial mechanical strength from a nanostructure that mimics that of bone and will promote fracture repair as it is resorbed by osteoclasts. Luna has assembled the highly qualified, multidisciplinary team required for a successful program and has a history of bringing novel research from the laboratory to commercial markets.

NANOTHERAPEUTICS, INC.
12085 Research Dr Ste N, Suite N
Alachua, FL 32615
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(386) 462-9663
Dr. James D. Talton
ARMY 04-190       Awarded: 10JAN05
Title:Antimicrobial Bone Graft Substitute
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR project, Nanotherapeutics proposes to utilize its proprietary particle delivery systems to develop an injectable bone paste formulation incorporating an anti-microbial (PHMB) as a bone graft substitute. A solution-based system, GraftonT (Osteotech) and, recently, a dry osteconductive powder available for reconstitution, OSTEOFILT, became available as superior bone grafts, but each with drawbacks. A new composition incorporating gelatin-coated particles, NanopasteTM (produced by Nanotherapeutics, Inc., patent pending), which has excellent syringability, has proven to be osteconductive in animal studies and is currently licensed (undisclosed). This composition is particulary suitable for incorporation of additional anti-microbial materials, such as PHMB, which may be simply physically mixed in or encapsulated to produce slow-release over days. Using its proprietary powder processing technologies, sustained-release PHMB / NanopasteTM formulations will be tested with significant advantages over standard bone graft materials. In this six month Phase I project, preparation of PHMB / NanopasteTM formulations and in vitro characterization and release will be performed, and preparation for in vivo animal studies to test the efficacy in rodents will be conducted.

PLUREON CORP.
1472 Ridgemere Lane
Winston-Salem, NC 27106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 499-2673
Mr. Hal Eason
ARMY 04-190       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Keratin Bioceramic Antibiotic Putty (KBAP) for Bone Regeneration
Abstract:Infection in areas of bone injury are a serious consideration in the field of trauma surgery and orthopaedic medicine. The combination of regenerative medicine and controlled drug delivery offers great potential to improve on the current standard of care. Presently, bone infection secondary to osteomyelitis and non-union are treated in a two-stage protocol wherein the first step requires placement of antibiotic impregnated beads, followed by a second step involving removal of the beads and bone grafting. We propose to validate the use of a new bioceramic graft that features controlled delivery of antibiotics and that would require only a single stage operational protocol. In preliminary tests, we have shown that keratin biomaterials are biocompatible, osteoconductive, and able to function as a drug delivery matrix. By further developing this technology into a keratin bioceramic antibiotic putty (KBAP), we endeavor to create a bone graft substitute that is biocompatible, antibiotic, osteoconductive and osteoinductive, as well as moldable, formable, inexpensive, and able to be stored at room temperature. In this Phase I program, we will use an optimized drug delivery system to develop the KBAP and validate its efficacy in cell and microbial culture models.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Fedor Dimov
ARMY 04-191       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Waveguided Holographic Infrared Soldier-Mounted Eye Tracker
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a head or helmet mounted eye monitor, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Waveguided Holographic Infrared Soldier-mounted eye Tracker (WHIST). The proposed device will illuminate the eye with a modulated infrared beam delivered from an LED by a flexible thin optical fiber bundle via total internal reflection inside a thin plastic waveguide visor, and a reflection hologram. The beam reflected from the eye and coupled back into the fiber bundle is captured and processed by a high-speed CMOS imaging array chip. With the high speed modulation of the LED, the device will collect complete information about gaze, pupil, eyelid, and saccadic movements, which will be processed in real time, and determine points of fixation of eyes in milliseconds. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WHIST by connecting the sensor array to a remote panel, where the data will be integrated with data from a standard physiological database. Algorithms and software will be designed so that data streams will be collected synchronously and processed to generate all the required parameters. In Phase II POC will produce a complete prototype system, which will undergo initial Airworthiness Certification testing.

WASHOE SLEEP, NEURO-DEVELOP. NEURO-DIAGNOSTIC CTR.
Washoe Professional Bldg.,, 75 Pringle Way, Ste. 7
Reno, NV 89502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 329-4060
Dr. William C. Torch
ARMY 04-191       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Soldier Mounted Eye Com 7 & 8 Eye Monitoring Biosensor, Communicator & Controller
Abstract:In a CDC-sponsored SBIR Grants 2000 Phase I Solicitation, proof-of-concept of the patented wearable Eye Com-6 Biosensor-Communicator-Controller (EC-6) as a reliable drowsiness detection tool was demonstrated. Consisting of 2 IR-sensitive microcameras, IR eye-illuminating LED's and detectors affixed to a wrap-around eye frame 2-3 cm from each eye, its binocular Eye-See (tm) software tracked black/white pupillary, eyelid and eye ball movements, while displaying in electronic form, 8 of over 20 possible oculometrics (e.g. eyeblink velocity [EBV], acceleration [EBA], duration [EBD],percent of time eyes closed/open[PERCLOS/PEROP], eye movement velocity [EMV], gaze fixation, ocular dwell time, accomodation and vergence). For this US Army A04-191 Phase I proposal, an already-built tethered EC-7 and futuristic wireless EC-8, each consisting of 2 fiber-optic endo-probes (directed to the eyes) and a single fiberoptic exo-probe (directed away from the EC wearer's helmet, eye-gear, night scopes, etc.), will be coupled either to a 60Hz or 500-750Hz micro-camera, respectively, for low (e.g. EBD, EBF, PERCLOS) or high speed (e.g. saccadic eye movement velocity) oculometric analysis. The soldier mounted EC-7/8 Biosensors, functional under all lighting conditions and in unlimited domains (i.e. stationary or in motion), will be integrated with EEG, PSG, EKG and Performance Vigilance Testing (PVT) results in the same EC-6 PVT Test Bed and Oculometric Monitoring Station used in CDC Phase I. In Phase II EC-7 and EC-8 will be used to develop an integrated Composite Oculometric Fatigue Index (EC COFI [tm]) safety-response algorithm in a Drive/Flight Simulator. The soldier-worn EC-7/8 and COFI [tm] algorithm will: 1) identify and respond to potential or actual operational performance failure situations including inattentiveness, drowsiness, micro-sleep intrusions or loss of consciousness; 2) transmit oculometric signals to a remotely placed "black box" recorder; 3) trigger a vibro-tactile seat (i.e. the EC Rumble Seat [tm])or warning system; and 4) by purposeful or reflexive ocular movements, operate augmentative communication and control programs (i.e. an EC Eye Mouse[tm]) for soldiers, pilots or the disabled for hands-free operations.

ZENWA, INC.
25 Hampshire St.
Sudbury, MA 01776
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 443-8636
Mr. Jacob L. Kuykendall, Jr.
ARMY 04-191       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Innovative portable human / computer interface system for performance monitoring / prediction and eye movement robotic control
Abstract:The primary objective of this research is to develop an innovative portable human / computer interface system for performance monitoring / performance prediction based on eye movement. The system will be capable of capturing gaze, pupil, and saccadic movements in each eye individually, simultaneously, at a high frequency, using several fiber optic and holographic technologies. A second primary objective is to detect point of fixation of eyes. The eyes provide both a means by which the soldier may be monitored, and a mechanism by which the soldier may potentially exert control over aspects of his/her environment. Impairments in pupils and eye movements are seen with fatigue and sleepiness, medication use, toxin exposures and have been shown to precede performance failures. The proposed work will build upon significant research done in the past, by University of Colorado in the area of the development of an analogous universal packaging platform for optical integrated circuits (OICs). The proposed research, applied to a broad range of optical systems, could revolutionize the applicability, complexity, size, cost and reliability of optical systems. The end product of this research for A04-191 will be an input / output system that employs infrared probes that are embedded within the prescription (or non-prescription) polymer lenses of user eyeglasses, connected via a small multi-fiber cable thus requiring no external or head mounted devices

ANP TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
824 Interchange Boulevard
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 283-1730
Dr. Ray Yin
ARMY 04-192       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Novel Protein Nanodelivery Systems for Biological Agent Countermeasures
Abstract:We propose to develop a universal strategy to encapsulate protein-based therapeutics using our patented non-toxic, non-immunogenic, water soluble, nanometer size capsules. These nanocapsules have a functionalized surface rendering them "unseen" by the normal immunogenic scavenging response of the body. In addition, the nanoencapsulated proteins not only exhibit superior shelf stability, but are also capable of withstanding various (harsh) formulation conditions without loss of protein activity.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4154
Ms. Marina Temchenko
ARMY 04-192       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Self-Assembling System for Targeted Nanodelivery of Proteins (STOP)
Abstract:The proposed program presents a novel approach to the design of a biocompatible, biodegradable, non-toxic, water-soluble nanodelivery system, that allows for the stabilization of proteins and for delivery in a controlled manner. Conflicts in recent world history have seen an influx in the usage of untraditional munitions by groups and nations aiming to press their agendas against the will of the international community. Such parties pose immediate and long-term threats to the defense and security of the American people, thus substantiating the importance of research aimed at the development of a Self-Assembling System for Targeted Nanodelivery of Proteins (STOP) to protect deployed personnel from biological agents, such as anthrax. In the Phase I Base program, STOP development will focus on the preparation and characterization of nanocapsules capable of preserving the activity of antibodies to the protective antigen. The program will focus on developing a method of deposition of the antibodies into the carrier system and determining the release rate and activity of the incorporated antibodies. The Option program will involve scale-up and evaluating the stability of the nanoencapsulated antibodies and the rate of its release in human plasma. (P-040588)

SIMQUEST INTERNATIONAL LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Dr. Howard R. Champion
ARMY 04-193       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Simulation-Based Open Surgery Training System (SOSTS)
Abstract:This proposal is for a PC-based open surgical trainer that will (1) provide training for elements of tasks critical to combat casualty care and (2) provide the scientific basis for a "haptics-on, haptics-off" trainer. Although initial simulator-based training in basic open surgical skills needs to employ haptics, such training may be reinforced with non-haptics-based simulation that may employ replacement feedback (ie, visual or audio). We propose to augment our current HOSTS system for initial training with a haptics-optional component for continued and refresher training. The tasks we will use for the prototype are steps in wound debridement and placement of a tibial pin. These procedures offer important steps in a broad strategic scientific endeavor and will provide technologies of immediate use to the military that will be transportable to other tasks and procedures in both civilian and military settings. This initial Phase I effort will assess the state of the art in available open-source technologies relative to what we have already planned with our ongoing HOSTS effort. In addition, we will assess the specific training requirements and propose metrics for our two chosen scenarios and use these to define the simulation development and training evaluation plans for Phase II.

TOUCH OF LIFE TECHNOLOGIES
761 Madison
Denver, CO 80206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 724-0514
Dr. Karl D. Reinig
ARMY 04-193       Awarded: 13DEC00
Title:Simulation-Based Open Surgery Training System (SOSTS)
Abstract:ToLTech will design a realistic and adaptive, virtual reality based simulator for surgical incisions. The simulator will provide a platform for surgical procedures to be practiced and evaluated in any part of the entire human body. The simulator will include embedded metrics for the evaluation of user techniques, and efficiency. It may also be used to evaluate the feasibility of new surgical approaches or yet to be built surgical devices. ToLTech will utilize data from the Visible Human, proprietary classification masks and 3D stereoscopic and haptic feedback devices to display the surgical field. This virtual reality implementation provides unconstrained adaptation and alteration of the surgical presentation and the most quantitative assessment information available. This training tool can be used and reused in a learner-centered environment and utilized at the users pace and time. A full curriculum for a wide array of surgical experience will be provided in the Phase II portion of this grant. Milestone demonstrations of surgical reality will be available during the Phase I portion of the grant. This simulator will utilize many of the tissue deformation and performance assessment tools developed for other ToLTech implementations of Arthroscopy, Arthrocentesis and Fractured Femur Simulators.

BIOTRACES, INC.
13455 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite 200
Herndon, VA 20171
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 793-0907
Dr. Andrzej K. Drukier
ARMY 04-194       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Development of High Throughput Bioassays to Identify Correlates of Protective Immunity Against Malaria
Abstract:Malaria currently affects 300-500 million people worldwide and leads to about 2 million deaths annually. Development of a vaccine is critical to reducing the number of deaths and disability. BioTraces, Inc. applied its proprietary detection method called Multi-Photon Detection (MPD) to measuring protein levels and developed two types of super-sensitive immunoassays, IA/MPD and Super-ELISA. These assays have about one hundred-fold higher sensitivity than prior art protein quantitation methods. In this proposal, MPD immunoassays will be used to measure cytokine levels in the blood to characterize the immune response to vaccination. In Phase I, we will: develop assays for TGFB1, IL-2 and IL-5; study the variation of cytokine levels with age, especially, TGFB1, IFNgamma, TFNgamma, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-12 levels in healthy men and women, with a focus on children; and use the newly developed and existing assays to measure the immune response to vaccination. In Phase II, P-chips/MPD will be developed to perform a complete immunoprofile from a single blood sample.

SAFE, INC.
5200 S Lakeshore Drive, # 240
Tempe, AZ 85283
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 838-3721
Mr. Stanley P. Desjardins
ARMY 04-195       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:A Modular, Lightweight, Removable Ballistic Protection System for Aviation Helmets
Abstract:The HGU-56/P aviator helmet is designed to protect the head from blunt impact trauma in survivable helicopter crashes and configured to serve as a platform on which to mount the helmet-mounted equipment (HME). Except for the visor, it is not designed to provide ballistic protection as the concurrent increase in weight of past designs would not have been acceptable. Recent progress in materials development now makes the addition of some level of protection a viable option. SAFE's proposed program is structured to develop a ballistic cover for the HGU-56/P flight helmet. The ballistic cover will be compatible with the HME and can be easily donned or doffed in flight, as needed, so the small amount of added weight is acceptable to the pilots for the relatively short periods of time the extra protection is needed. SAFE's program is structured to thoroughly investigate the available candidate materials, perform a trade off, select the most efficient materials, or combination of materials, and to perform a design development effort to produce the configuration that provides the most ballistic protection possible within acceptable weight limits while retaining the blunt trauma impact protection of the existing helmet. The program includes use of an advanced methodology that assures achievement of the optimum design.

PROCELL CORP.
9700 Great Seneca Highway, Suite 182
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 453-6247
Dr. Yvonne J. Rosenberg
ARMY 04-196       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:A Homologous Non-Human Primate Model System for Producing and Testing Recombinant Human Compatible Serum Butyrylcholinesterase
Abstract:Nerve gas and insecticides pose ever increasing military and civilian threats. In recent years exogenous administration of cholinesterases have been successfully used as safe and efficacious prophylactic treatments due to their capacity to scavenge organo-phosphate (OP) toxins before inhibition of the targeted endogenous acetylcholinesterase (AChE) can occur. Based on availability, broad spectrum efficacy, stability and safety, homologous native BChE represents to date the best candidate in terms of developing a human treatment. However, while the currently used methods of native enzyme isolation from frozen human plasma are effective on a laboratory scale, they are time consuming and expensive. These factors, coupled with potential safety issues associated with the purification of proteins from human blood (i.e. hepatitis, HIV, prion and West Nile virus contamination), highlight the importance of developing recombinant BChE technology as an alternate and parallel strategy for commercial production. The overall objective of this Phase 1 proposal is to develop an homologous non-human primate model in which recombinant(r)macaque(Ma)BChE, can be produced and tested in macaques as an alternate pharmaceutical bioscavenger to the native enzyme. The recombinant product/s should exhibit chemical and functional properties similar to native molecules i.e. long circulatory stability and no immunogenicity following injection into homologous hosts. This study aims to (i) Express both recombinant tetrameric and monomeric forms of MaBChE by stable trasnsfection of CHO cells.(ii) Optimize in vivo stability of both MaBChE forms by chemical modification using polyethylene glycol, in order to overcome the deleterious effects of incomplete sialyation of recombinant molecules (iii) Monitor the pharmacokinetics of clearance in mice injected with native MaBChE compared to those receiving the modified and unmodified tetrameric and monomeric rMaBChE. (iv) Produce 40mg (28,000U) of eaqch of the most stable monomers and tetramers and assess their rates of clearance and ability to induce anti-BChE antibody. In phase II, through collaborative efforts or partnerships, scaled-up production of human rBChE will be performed under GMP conditions to conduct human trials.

TERA BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP.
1641 28th St.
San Diego, CA 92102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-2052
Dr. Andrew Baird
ARMY 04-196       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Model System for In Vivo Testing of Bioscavengers
Abstract:Current information indicates that bioterrorists have contemplated using organophosphate (OP) nerve agents against Americans. This situation points to a need for methods to detoxicate, decontaminate, and detect OP nerve agents. Human butyrylcholinesterase (hBchE) scavenges low doses of OP agents and protects people form the toxic effects, and is one of the main target enzymes being developed as a catalytic and/or stoichiometric chemical agent scavenger. We propose to develop an animal system that can offer systematic evaluation of the pharmacokinetic feature and immunogenicity of the protein reagent. In this system, a compatible animal protein will be tested in the same animal species Information derived from this homologous system will be used to predict the parallel human response. The system will also be used to evaluate different methodologies to produce stable form of recombinant BchE enzyme. The development of this homologous non-human system to evaluate BchE will provide guidelines for the manufacture and clinical use of recombinant hBchE.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4657
Dr. Dwight Meglan
ARMY 04-197       Selected for Award
Title:Electromechanically and Sensor Enhanced Endoscopic Tools
Abstract:Current techniques for minimally invasive surgery suffer from limitations in four general areas: access, dexterity, information, and action. We need to improve navigation to the site and supply the degrees of freedom for proper performance once there. We also need to report the appropriate metrics to facilitate decision-making for surgeons functioning almost completely without a sense of touch. Empowering surgeons to act as skillfully in MIS as in open surgery also requires providing feedback during procedures, to allow for fine-tuning. The field of ergonomics promises reduction in error percentages and fatigue levels with improvements in the type, resolution, and display of information conveyed to surgeons. Although master-slave robots hold some promise, they are too large and expensive for near-term adoption, and they entail significant disruption in operating room practices. We propose to investigate MIS access, dexterity, information, and action exhaustively and to create a design for affordable enhancements to existing tool tips. We intend first to mimic tactile and haptic sensation and boost dexterity while refining the collection and presentation of usable information. We seek evolution rather than revolution, suggesting incremental improvement to the familiar, which is both self-perpetuating and more marketable than the completely new. (P-040592)

SUN BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES
1539 N. China Lake Blvd, Suite A
Ridgecrest, CA 93555
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 549-3120
Dr. Guck T. Ooi
ARMY 04-198       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:High-Throughput Proteomics Strategy for Detection and Identification of Biomarkers of Malaria Exposure
Abstract:This proposal will focus on identification and characterization of host proteomic responses to malaria during the early stages of exposure prior to the development of clinical symptoms. The in vivo study will be complemented by in vitro studies where early host responses during the pre-erythrocyte, hepatic and non-symptomatic stage of the disease will be fully characterized using combined proteomics and genomics technologies to accelerate the identification of blood biomarkers that will lead to highly accurate and sensitive diagnosis of early exposure to malaria infection. We will use ProteinChip Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption and Ionization (SELDI) technology combined with Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (TOF-MS) as a high throughput proteomic strategy to screen and identify early molecular markers predictive of malaria disease progression. This strategy can be easily automated to provide a rapid, sensitive and high throughput proteomic system to identify molecular signatures of malaria exposure. Selected candidate biomarkers in plasma/serum will be validated in a larger population, and will be assessed to determine their utility in prediction of malaria exposure. Our goal is to develop a rapid, robust and portable diagnostic kit or biosensor based on the validated malaria biomarkers.

ETYMOTIC RESEARCH, INC.
61 Martin Lane
Elk Grove Village, IL 60007
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 228-0006
Dr. Mead C. Killion
ARMY 04-199       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:An Active Noise Reduction Communication Earplug for Helicopter Crew
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop an earplug for use by helicopter crews, to be worn within the earcanal, and equipped with an active noise reduction (ANR) system, with performance for speech communication and hearing protection meeting U.S. Army safety requirements. From an analysis of the performance of earplugs with ANR, it appears that there are several approaches that could provide the required performance, provided a good air seal can be obtained between the earplug and the walls of the ear canal. A decision on which to pursue can then be made based on its performance with speech reproduction. The goal of the Phase I work is to approach the Phase II specifications in a working laboratory model of a communication earplug equipped with an ANR system. Several devices with different control structures will be constructed. The performance of each device will be compared to the target specifications, until a decision can be made on which of the alternative devices and control structures to pursue. This decision is expected to occur during the Phase I Option. The financial cost and complexity for a pair of each device will be included in the evaluation.

PLANNING SYSTEMS, INC.
12030 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite 400, Reston Plaz
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 788-7791
Mr. Gary Giban
ARMY 04-199       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:An Active Noise Reduction Communication Earplug for Helicopter Crew
Abstract:Helicopter crewmembers must function in an environment with high background noise that can cause hearing damage. With current hearing protection, excessive noise exposure may still occur in 30% of the aviation environments. We propose to extend the capabilities of the standard passive communication earplug by implementing our proven adaptive, active noise reduction (ANR) algorithms. In Phase I we package microphones within the earplug and demonstrate enhanced noise reduction performance enabled by ANR, using standard development electronics to implement the algorithms. In Phase II we focus on transitioning the algorithm implementation to electronics actually housed within the earplug while ensuring the safety and comfort of the users.

RED TAIL HAWK CORP.
P.O. Box 7010
Ithaca, NY 14851
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 269-0702
Dr. John W. Parkins
ARMY 04-199       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:An Active Noise Reduction Communication Earplug for Helicopter Crew
Abstract:An active noise control (ANC) earplug with communications capability is proposed. The earplug implements a new passive attenuation feature and a novel ANC approach. When used in combination with an earmuff, over 50 dB(A) of noise attenuation will be achieved. The attenuation of the system will be limited only by bone-conducted noise. Safety and comfort, as well as performance issues have been addressed.

SOUND INNOVATIONS, INC.
49 Eagle Ridge Drive
Lebanon, NH 03766
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 448-3481
Dr. Robert D. Collier
ARMY 04-199       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:An Active Noise Reduction Communication Earplug for Helicopter Crew
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR research develops a prototype active earplug and hybrid feedforward-feedback active noise control (ANR) algorithm to provide at least 40 dB noise reduction over all frequencies when used in conjunction with a Gentex HGU-56 helmet. Ear insert hardware will be fabricated from an existing communication earplug (CEP), and an existing hybrid ANR algorithm, used in prior ANR research for circumaural earcups, will be modified for the earplug. The ANR algorithm is implemented on a DSP development system for rapid design and optimization of feedforward and feedback components. The feedforward ANR component is based on the investigator's patented Lyapunov tuning method, which provides excellent stability and noise reduction performance for both stationary and non-stationary noise sources. Prototype hardware and hybrid ANR algorithms will be evaluated through flat plate testing and using a HEAD Acoustics manikin. Experimental evaluation will determine ANR algorithm stability margins and performance with respect to noise source characteristics with and without communication feedthrough. Phase I option tasks provide an initial assessment of communication and speech intelligibility and initiate development of an autonomous ANR module prototype for flight testing early in Phase II.

COMPUTATIONAL DIAGNOSTICS, INC.
5001 Baum Blvd., Suite 426
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-9990
Mr. Brian D. Errigo
ARMY 04-200       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Volume Conduction Invasive Medical Data Communication System
Abstract:The recent war on terrorism and international peace-keeping missions have clearly shown the increase of threats from non-traditional enemies. Protecting soldiers from immediate casualties and knowing their physiological status represent an important problem in the battlefield of the future. One powerful solution to this problem is to implant, using advanced minimally invasive techniques, a millimeter or sub-millimeter size, but highly intelligent device within the body of soldiers for physiological monitoring, threat alert, internal stimulation, and drug-delivery. Resent development in sub-micron electronics, nanotechnology, and micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) have provided powerful tools for constructing devices of this type. However, one fundamental problem has not yet been solved: how do these devices communicate with computers outside the human body? Running wires across the skin is clearly unacceptable in the battlefield environment, wireless radio frequency (RF) connection through the body has a number of drawbacks. The primary goal of this research is to develop a communication and power delivery channel capable of passing information between the inside and the outside of the human body. This channel will be constructed within a prototype miniature implantable device and will be thoroughly tested to demonstrate its feasibility.

ADVANCED SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
39255 Country Club Drive, Suite B-12
Farmington Hills, MI 48331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 553-9375
Dr. Hal Cantor
ARMY 04-201       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Novel Routes of Drug Administration to Enhance Compliance in Soldiers
Abstract:WHO estimates that between 300 and 500 million new cases of malaria occur each year and annual deaths from the disease number between 2 and 3 million. Although there are several compounds known to be effective for treating malaria, including quinine, doxycycline, primaquine, azithromycin, and erythromycin, side effects associated with the oral administration of these drugs results in incomplete medication compliance, which has been determined to be the major cause of malaria infections among US armed forces. To avoid the side effects responsible for non-compliance, alternative routes of administration have been investigated, including transdermal delivery. Moreover, as a means to reduce the development of parasitic resistance to antibiotics, researchers have been investigating the use of pulsatile delivery. Advanced Sensor Technologies, Inc. proposes the development of a wearable transdermal PulsePatch that delivers anti-malarial drugs in a transdermal, pulsatile manner. The Pulse Patch will be comprised of a micro-iontophoresis system, constructed using MEMS and CMOS technologies, and a polymer matrix electrolyte reservoir that contains the drug. This system will deliver precise square wave pulses of antibiotic through the skin to increase the efficacy of treatment, as well as compliance to anti-malarial prophylaxis, by eliminating the side effects that result from oral administration.

RESODYN CORP.
1901 South Franklin
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 723-2222
Dr. Fangxiao Yang
ARMY 04-201       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Transdermal Delivery of Anti-Malarial Drug
Abstract:This Phase I proposal is aimed to develop a technology to delivery lipophilic therapeutic ingredients in broad and antimalarial drug primaquine in specific through skins. The proposed driving force of delivering target drugs is the opposite chemical affiliation of storage copolymer matrix and active therapeutic ingredient. The technology includes the formulation of patches - hydrophilic polymers, selection of permeation enhancers, encapsulation of primaquine in the polymers and drug diffusion flux measurements. The patches will be tested in vitro with cadaver skins for primaquine release or diffusion rate in the Phase I study. In Phase II study, the tests will apply to live animals and human subjects for delivery efficiency evaluation. The key features of the proposed transdermal delivery devices are: Effective delivery lipophilic anti-malarial drug to the skin Controllable dosage in the preparation Enhanced compliance for administration of soldiers Easy to be carried with soldier and long storage life Easy and inexpensive to be prepared Easy to be applied by users The proposed study meets the topic narrative for DOD solicitation A04-200 "Novel Routes of Drug Administration to Enhance Compliance in Soldiers"

GALILEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
5301 Patrick Henry Drive
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 654-5830
Dr. Charles Hart
ARMY 04-202       Selected for Award
Title:Metabolic Engineering for Performance Enhancement
Abstract:We propose to identify plant-derived bioactive compounds for use as nutritional supplements to mitigate stress-induced deficiencies in warfighter cognative and physical performance. The nutritional status of individuals in high stess settings plays a significant role in their performance. While much work has been done examining caloric and hydration needs, less well defined is the role of phytomolecular micronutrients. While an RDA exists for vitamins and other metallo-cofactors, there does not exist, despite clear relevance, an explicit RDA for plant-derived micronutrients. Additionally, while substantial epidemiologic evidence supports the central role of "fruits and vegetables" (e.g., the food pyramid) there is an absence of technologies to define the specific relevant phytonutrients. We will apply GalileoPharma's state-of-the-art biotechnology tools, generally deployed to develop drugs, to characterize specific nutrients that will enhance physical and mental performance. The strategy we propose to follow is to target both the redox-based cellular energetic stress and the down stream inflammatory response to metabolic stress with a multifunctional compound. GalileoPharma brings two unique resources to this project: (1) a library of compounds derived from edible plants in cell culture; and (2) a panel of functional cell-based assays measuring oxidative and redox stress and inflammation pathways.

COHERENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
135 S. Taylor Avenue
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-2000
Mr. Carl Embry
ARMY 04-203       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Compact, Low Cost, Real-Time Lidar Wind Sensor
Abstract:Wind estimation is a large component in the error budget for high altitude, long offset distance, precision airdrops. Cargo landing accuracy would greatly improve by precise crosswind measurements on the guided platform - a capability currently not available. CTI proposes to design and demonstrate an operational form-factor prototype wind sensor that provides real-time wind measurements to a guided airdrop system. Our baseline approach, simulated using high-performance lidar modeling codes, uses all off-the-shelf telecommunication components and automated assembly methods to meet the stringent cost and weight requirements. Phase I will deliver a trade study of primary and alternate architectures, a prototype sensor design and production cost estimates. Early in Phase II, the design, build, and test of a laboratory prototype sensor will be completed. The information gained in this experiment will be used for the development of an operational form-factor prototype that will be tested at an appropriate Army facility. These Phase I/II efforts will leverage CTI's experience in deploying wind lidar. Not only does CTI have commercial Doppler wind lidars at domestic and international airports, but we have also flown ~6 different coherent lidar transceivers on over twelve different fixed and rotary wing aircraft, while logging hundreds of successful flight hours.

OPTICAL AIR DATA SYSTEMS L.P.
10531 Terminal Road
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 393-0754
Dr. Pri Mamadipudi
ARMY 04-203       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Miniature, Low Cost Real-Time Weather Sensor for Airdrop
Abstract:The Army is developing a series of gliding parachute systems such as the PAGASYS and WSADS which rely on detailed wind prediction. The lack of availabilty of accurate wind profiling data results in significant uncertainty during final approach and air drop. Future systems will need to incorporate actual on-board real time sensors which provide actual real time wind measurement. The sensor developed by Optical Air Data Systems is an all fiber optic remote wind sensing device capable of being placed on board the air drop platform.

EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Dr. Trung Hung Nguyen
ARMY 04-204       Awarded: 30NOV04
Title:High Performance Rechargeable Li-ion Conformal Battery
Abstract:Battery power is rapidly becoming a major factor in military planning because of the growing power-consuming hi-tech system carried by the soldier on the battlefield. Unless new high-energy power source is developed, they will create a logistics and tactical burden for the soldier. EIC proposes to develop a safe and flexible rechargeable Li-ion battery with specific energy and energy density of respectively >200 Wh/kg and 490 Wh/l. Unlike conventional prismatic battery that uses hermetic metal cans, our proposed flat film battery will be packaged in thin, light, and flexible laminated packet. The flexibility of the cell will allow it to conform to the body contour of soldiers and to be integrated into the Scorpion/Objective Force Warrior chassis. EIC will be working with Compact Power Incorporated (CPI) to develop working conformal Li-ion rechargeable battery prototypes at the end of the Phase I program.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. Sorhab Hossain
ARMY 04-204       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:A safe, lightweight, conformal lithium-ion battery for land warrior applications
Abstract:The need for a safe, lightweight, slim, conformal rechargeable for land warrior system is recognized. The proposed project addresses to investigate the feasibility of developing such a battery. A novel electrochemical couple is proposed for the development of a safe high specific energy lithium-ion battery system. The proposed anode material, which delivers 50% higher practical capacity than the state-of-the-art carbon anode materials, will be used to address both high specific energy and safety issues. Prototype 12 Ah cells will be developed and tested for delivered specific energy, cyclability, and safety characteristics. The developed cells will be used to build prototype 12 Ah, 16.8 V battery for land warrior application.

MAK TECHNOLOGIES
10 Fawcett Street
Cambridge, MA 02318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 876-8085
Mr. Thomas Stanzione
ARMY 04-205       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Smart Terrain for Autonomous Agent Applications
Abstract:Current combat simulations use polygonal representations of the terrain, augmented with vector data, for terrain reasoning. While these data provide the basic terrain representation needed for vehicle dynamics and weapon system effects, they do not provide the semantic information needed for higher level reasoning, especially for modeling of human behaviors within a combat environment. Semantic information goes beyond the physical characteristics that most terrain databases provide, and includes relationships between terrain features and how they can be used in the performance of specific combat missions. Humans can interpret this additional semantic data and make decisions based on it, but human behavior algorithms need these data to be represented within the combat simulations. M?K Technologies proposes to develop terrain representation enhancements in common terrain representations that support the incorporation of semantic data that will augment the current polygon and vector representation. We will develop automated tools to extract semantic information where possible, and other tools to assist terrain developers in extracting semantic information where it is not possible to fully automate the process. We will demonstrate this terrain representation in M?K VR-Forces, a commercial-off-the-shelf CGF system, in Phase I, and the IWARS dismounted infantry simulation at the end of Phase II.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Roger Van Tassell
ARMY 04-206       Awarded: 30DEC04
Title:Enhancement of Fluorescence in Protease Assays for Biowarfare Toxin
Abstract:In this complex world of ever-increasing chemical and biological threats, rapid and simple assays for detecting the release of hazardous compounds or microorganisms are of major interest. Because of the sensitivity and availability of novel fluorogenic formats, fluorescence assays have come of age. Bacterial toxins expected to be involved in the pathogenicity of biowarfare agents include the lethal toxin (LT) of Bacillus anthracis and the neurotoxins (BoNT) of Clostridium botulinum which also have medical applications that warrant sensitive assays for inhibitor studies. The anthrax LT actually consists of two components, the protective antigen (PA) and the lethal factor (LF), a zinc metalloprotease. The LF is responsible for the devastating effects of all forms of anthrax. This Phase I effort will focus on, i) optimizing the fluorescent substrate assays currently being developed at Luna and elsewhere, ii) preparing and characterizing fluorescence enhancing silver colloids and silver complexes, and iii) integrating the silver nanoparticles with the fluorescent substrates by adsorption and covalent coupling for fluorescent signal enhancement. Upon successful completion of the proof-of-complex feasibility studies, Phase I Option and Phase II work will include further studies and collaborations in which the enhancement of fluorescent assays for BoNT and other toxin proteases will be examined.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Kevin Yu
ARMY 04-207       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Solar Cogeneration Using Holographic Concentrators for Heating and Electricity
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new thin, lightweight highly efficient, rugged, low-cost film-based self-deployable solar cogeneration holographic concentrator (SCHOC) for heating water and generating electricity for use in Army field kitchens (MKTs). The SCHOC consists of two sets of flexible holographic concentrators, a mosaic of heat focusing holographic optical elements (H-HOEs) and light focusing/holographic optical elements (L-HOEs). The H-HOE, based on a reflective holographic optical element, will reflect a broadband spectrum above 800 nm. The reflected and concentrated IR energy of the solar radiation will be transferred to the heat transfer fluid inside the absorber tube, and then be transferred to the water inside the water heater until it reaches the desired temperature; at the same time it will effectively cool down the MKT. The transmitted visible light will be focused by the L-HOE onto a series of high efficiency photovoltaic cells to generate electricity. In Phase I a laboratory prototype system will be designed and developed and its performance analyzed, and the concept will be characterized by means of experimental demonstrations. When fully developed, the proposed SCHOC system will be lightweight, efficient, environmentally stable, and producible at low cost, well suited for Army field kitchen applications.

FOX PARACHUTE SERVICES
Rt. 1, Box 32A
Belleville, WV 26133
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(928) 782-2068
Mr. Roy Fox
ARMY 04-208       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Variable Glide Aerial Delivery Parachute Systems
Abstract:A parachute system with variable glide capability will improve the accuracy and maneuverability achievable for aerial delivery through in-flight configuration changes that can effectively alter the L/D. Such a capability will optimize control in variable environments (e.g. wind) and maximize flexibility in release locations and payload weight ranges. A program is proposed to develop and study potential concepts. Prototype parachutes capable of delivering payloads in the 50lb to 500lb range will be fabricated and tested.

OCEAN NANOTECH, LLC
3468 W. Yale St.
Fayetteville, AR 72704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 871-0707
Dr. Y. Andrew Wang
ARMY 04-209       Awarded: 06DEC04
Title:Nano Porous Azobenzene Dendron Films for Laser Eye and Sensor Protection
Abstract:We have developed an innovative lensless optical power limiting system for green region exploiting photoanisotropy of azobenzene films for low power continuous wave and high power nanosecond pulsed lasers (also with picosecond in solutions). It is a promising technique for next generation laser eye and sensor protection. For a practical device application with films we have to optimize the photoanisotropy to reduce the exciting beam power requirement, improve the response time for ultrashort pulse application and explore avenues for broadband response. To address these issues, this SBIR team proposes films of NanoPAD and MesoPAD systems. The NanoPAD system is designed to use nanosize pores to facilitate ease of photoisomerization and orientation of the azobenzene molecules as in a solution. The interaction between the azobenzene and the host polymer is minimized by reducing their contact area. Further decrease in the interaction will be achieved by reducing polymer polarity. The MesoPAD system is designed with free space around azobenzene molecules to make the environment solution-like for fast response. Finally, several azobenzene molecules will be incorporated into both systems for broadband applications. Protection at both low and high power over the entire visible region will be achieved demonstrating Technology Readiness Level 3.

TECHDRIVE, INC.
3255 S. Dearborn Street, Suite 320
Chicago, IL 60616
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 567-3446
Dr. Braja Mandal
ARMY 04-209       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Rational Design and Synthesis of New Azobenzene Materials for Use in Broadband Laser Eye and Sensor Protection
Abstract:The proposed syntheses of new, specifically designed azobenzene derivatives will expand the armamentarium of materials needed to address deficiencies in current use of lasers which cause serious damage to human eyes and sensing devices. The proposal outlines one-step syntheses of several novel azobenzene model compounds, including those which enhance both the rate of trans-cis-trans isomerizations of the azo linkage and broadband coverage. In addition, a new class of three-dimensional high molecular weight dendritic azobenzene materials will be prepared. All of these materials will be evaluated by characterizing ground-state UV-Vis-IR absorption and by measurement of photoinduced anisotropy.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place, Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Dr. Robert P. Scaringe
ARMY 04-210       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Demonstration of an Integrated Solar-Powered Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System
Abstract:The Army has included provisions for Preplanned Product Improvement in the Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System (MTRCS) Operational Requirements Document calling for innovations such as alternative energy sources. As the price of photovoltaic power decreases, new opportunities for its use develop. Maintaining refrigerated space does not take an enormous amount of power and therefore solar-powered refrigeration offers an ideal application for photovoltaics. Containers offer a significant structure and surface area on which photovoltaic arrays can be mounted. Mainstream has already developed key component technologies necessary for the successful demonstration of a solar powered refrigerated container. These technologies are discussed in detail in this proposal and include a DC hermetic compressor, an advanced high-lift refrigeration cycle, rechargeable nanotube batteries, an advanced condenser design, and a lightweight backup diesel generator. Mainstream has already performed the feasibility study for this solar powered refrigerated container application. Mainstream's Phase I objective is to perform the design of a rugged, high-reliability solar-powered refrigerated container based on the requirements set out in the solicitant and discussed in this proposal.

PARAGON SPACE DEVELOPMENT CORP.
2700 East Executive Drive, Suite 100
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 903-1000
Mr. David J. Bergeron III
ARMY 04-210       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Solar Refrigeration
Abstract:The Army Combat Feeding Equipment and Technology Team has identified the potential merits of using renewable energy to power the refrigeration unit for their 20-ft food containers. Using renewable energy can reduce both the operational and location footprint of these containers. Renewable energy systems typically find markets in situations where the cost to deliver energy to the end device is high. The cost of transporting fuel and providing service to diesel power generators located in remote parts of the world is very high, and thus creates an opportunity to consider the use of renewable energy systems that will significantly reduce both fuel use and the maintenance logistics burden for these systems. In the case of food refrigeration, several similar technology systems have already been developed that support the notion that this is a practical application of renewable energy.

COMMUNITY POWER CORP.
8420 South Continental Divide Rd
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 933-3135
Mr. Jim Diebold
ARMY 04-211       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Onsite Field-Feeding Waste to Energy Converter
Abstract:Community Power Corporation (CPC) and its team members will research the potential of using field-feeding waste to provide on-site power for a variety of applications. The team will begin by developing an in-depth understanding of the Army's field-feeding process and the requirements for a military-grade waste to energy converter. We will then perform a detailed assessment of the biomass resource, select candidate fuel(s), and use this resource as part of a proof-of-principle test to be conducted at CPC's facilities. CPC will apply its substantial experience in the research, development and deployment of first-of-a-kind small modular biopower systems to the referenced test in which we will convert field-feeding waste to electricity and heat in a small downdraft gasifier. Using either equipment from the Army, or similar systems, we will also demonstrate the ability to power certain applications. We will use the experience gained in Phase I to guide the development and testing of a prototype waste to energy converter in Phase II. An optional Phase I program is also provided to develop a preliminary design of an On-Site Waste to Energy Converter.

GREEN LIQUID & GAS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
2900 NW 14th Place
Gainesville, FL 32605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 392-2001
Dr. Alex E.S. Green
ARMY 04-211       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Onsite Field-Feeding Waste to Energy Converter
Abstract:This is a proposal by Green Liquids and Gas Technologies (GLGT) with the Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory of the University of Florida (UF) as a sub contractor. The task is to establish the feasibility of adapting GLGT's patented auger driven pyrolizer/gasifier (ADPG) to meet the operational requirements for onsite field-feeding waste to energy conversion (OFWEC). We propose to conduct research and development intended to lead to a professionally designed and constructed versions of an existing ADPG (Mark 3). One module will have the waste processing-conversion capacity to dispose of a company's field feeding solid waste (FFSW). A six fold multiple unit (MADPG) will have the capacity needed to convert the FFSW of an Army's battalion. We will also examine the possibility of using the same MADPG system to convert the bio-solid waste and petroleum lubricant waste to energy. Mark 3 has previously worked with wood chips, bagasse, sawdust pellets, oak bark, coal and blends thereof. The goals of later phases of this OFWEC project is to design and build a prototype of a mobile system for converting a battalion's field feeding waste and other useable waste to meet onsite energy needs.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Tin M. Aye
ARMY 04-212       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Flexible Polymer Guided Light Array Scanning Textile-Mounted Display
Abstract:To address the Army's need for ultrathin, flexible, high-resolution electronic color displays for use on soldiers' uniforms and on interior and exterior shelter fabrics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new rollable Polymer Guided Light Array Scanning (POLYGLAS) display that is low-cost, low-power, compact, full-color, rugged, and sunlight readable. The proposed display is based on a unique combination of three technologies: a miniature light scanner based on light emitting diodes (LEDs) and a microelectromechanical (MEM) element; highly flexible polymer waveguide array laminates; and a novel holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal switching fabric. POC's proposed display surpasses current flexible displays in terms of size, power, resolution, color, and speed. This is achieved by direct modulation of light through a flexible polymer waveguide array with an ultrathin coating of holographic polymer switching fabric. With the megahertz speed of LEDs and time-multiplexing, the display will have grayscale capability with high dynamic range and dimming range. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed textile-mounted display approach by design and analysis, demonstration of component fabrication, and integration into a functional demonstration unit.

KITESHIP CORP.
2004 Silver Lake Way
Martinez, CA 94553
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 550-6738
Mr. David Culp
ARMY 04-213       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Low Drag, Low Cost Suspension Line Technology for Parachutes
Abstract:We propose to attack line drag reduction from 2 directions, both of which utilize round cross-sectioned lines. We have previously assisted in the development of high strength, low drag, minimal diameter round cross-sectioned lines using novel construction techniques, but with standard and high modulus materials which are already airdrop acceptable. We have found large reductions in line drag using these construction techniques. We base our second approach on the fact that line vibration, induced by the moving air itself, contributes greatly to line drag. We propose to continue past investigations and tests of several variations of line treatments designed to ameliorate and/or attenuate lines' tendency to oscillate while in flight (so-called Aeolian vibration), and especially, such oscillations' ability to form and reform resonant and harmonic vibrations. We propose to build a large scale drag testing jig and compare the drag of these lines to standard parachute suspension line materials, both in short lengths and in lengths too long to contain in wind tunnels. We propose to limit our investigation to techniques which minimize the need for specialized line braiding equipment or post-manufacture alteration of lines. We further propose to limit our investigation to anti-oscillation techniques which are inexpensive to implement and which don't appreciably alter normal and typical methods used to attach suspension lines to canopies, payloads, etc, for instance with knots, sewn loops, larksheads and the like.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Ilya Agurok
ARMY 04-214       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Solid-State LED Illumination System
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an innovative solid-state illumination (SOSIL) system for U.S. Army soft shelters. The proposed SOSIL will comprise an array of single light fixture assemblies, each a high-brightness white LED with a proprietary POC nonimaging beamformer. An array of 12 light fixtures will evenly illuminate an Army shelter. The SOSIL is designed to illuminate without glare or dazzle, even when viewing a light fixture directly. The SOSIL power supply will apply variable duty cycle 200 Hz light modulation for light dimming and heat management. The SOSIL fixtures will be permanently attached to the shelter, transportable, and deployable as part of the shelter. Unlike current systems, the SOSIL will have no fragile vacuum tubes or bulbs, and so will be safe and reliable. The LED's lifetime of 100,000 hr. projects to a 15 yr. operating period, which exceeds the lifetime of the shelter. In Phase I, POC will design the SOSIL and develop and test a light fixture prototype. In Phase II a SOSIL engineering prototype will be developed and tested at an Army facility.

SPACE HARDWARE OPTIMIZATION TECHNOLOGY, INC.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Mr. Mark Heimerdinger
ARMY 04-214       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:High Efficiency Shelter Lighting Utilizing Solid State Illumination Technology
Abstract:The Army currently uses fluorescent lighting that is large, heavy, extremely inefficient, and expensive to illuminate deployable shelters. Because the light fixtures can't be rolled up with the portable shelter, they must be individually removed and stowed separately for transport, further compounding the logistics problem. Using a combination of commercially available and internally-developed power management technology, SHOT proposes a systems-engineered approach to this lighting problem. Our lighting system is expected to employ commercially available lighting technology that is more energy efficient, reliable and cost effective than traditional lighting systems. Moreover, the system is projected to provide performance superior to incandescent and fluorescent technologies. It also is anticipated to have the flexibility and capability to use multiple energy sources that are commonly available in remote locations and under combat zone conditions. It will be battlefield-ready for multiple shelter applications, and capable of being used in all types of climates and geographic locations. Our end-product is expected to be an integrated solution that is dependable, reliable, and easy to assemble and reconfigure. Our Phase I research effort will enable us to explore and engineer the subsystems, and then begin to integrate those subsystems together to demonstrate the feasibility of our lighting system.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Kang-Bin Chua
ARMY 04-215       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Self-Healing Textile-Based Autonomous Reconfigurable Network
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a robust wearable multi-path conductive personal area network for data and power transfer, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Self-healing Textile-based Autonomous Reconfigurable Network (STARNet) based on a self-healing conductive ink-based physical (SCIP) layer fabricated on flexible substrates integrated into warrior clothing, with body-conformable wearable connector (WC) elements and innovative multiply redundant power and data networks. The proposed system offers for the first time a biomimetic self-healing capability combined with multiply redundant power and data networks for autonomous reconfiguration capability. The STARNet has snap connection and disconnection of USB and FireWire devices with added reliability from self-healing electrical interconnects for localized breaks in the network. The system is designed to withstand severe environments and repeated laundering cycles, is lightweight, is easy to expand to larger numbers of connected devices, and can be integrated into current or future military uniforms. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the STARNet technology by developing a proof-of-concept STARNet prototype that will achieve a technology readiness level of 4. In Phase II POC will fully integrate selected technologies into Warrior clothing, creating a multipath network with a technology readiness level of 5.

RALLYPOINT, INC.
32 Hereford St.
Boston, MA 02115
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 797-0019
Mr. David M. Dozor
ARMY 04-216       Awarded: 07DEC04
Title:Computer Input Devices and Embedded Sensors in Future Warrior Handwear (Gloves)
Abstract:This project will result in the design and demonstration of an innovative, multifunctional Handwear Computer Input Device (HCID) that allows a soldier to interface his wearable computer through pressing various parts of his glove and by issuing quick, simple hand gestures. The significance of the project is that the HCID, when compared to current designs for the Land Warrior (LW) soldier control unit (SCU), provides greater functionality and imposes less physical restrictions upon the soldier's movements. The HCID will also serve as a device platform that can provide the soldier with additional sensing capabilities while monitoring the soldier's physiology. In Phase I we will select suitable technologies for glove-based multipurpose data input and evaluate both current and novel concepts for connecting the electronics within the glove and from the glove to the soldier's computer. Methods, designs, and analysis established from Phase I will lead to a fully functional prototype HCID that is responsive, flexible, and durable. It will be machine-washable and pass the required MIL-SPEC requirements.

WRIGHT MATERIALS RESEARCH CO.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Dr. Seng C. Tan
ARMY 04-217       Awarded: 20DEC04
Title:Novel Lightweight Composite System for Anti-Personnel Blast Mine Protection
Abstract:Today it is estimated that there are 110 million active Anti-Personnel (AP) mines in the world, and nearly 20 million of these are concentrated in Afghanistan and Iraq. These weapons remain active for decades after a military conflict and are responsible for killing or maiming up to 500 people a week. Most of the time, a deminer is aware of the landmine, and can take his own precautions, such as increasing the standoff distance to a point where his Personnel Protective Equipment (PPE) will be effective. However, the largest threat to a deminer is accidentally stepping on a mine of which he was unaware. This places his foot and his leg in almost direct contact with the explosion. At such a close proximity, the current blast protective footwear can only prevent the loss of his leg at minimal charge masses. Other options for protection are available, but they suffer from either extremely poor traction or greatly reduced mobility. Humanitarian deminers can afford to sacrifice their mobility for the significantly improved protection. However, military deminers must operate at 20 feet per minute. In this Phase I project, we propose to develop a novel, lightweight blast attenuating material system to greatly improve the protection of the current blast protective footwear without sacrificing any of the current traction or mobility. Our system can protect the entire foot from blast damage. And can easily be adopted for use in the current footwear.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 704-3420
Mr. Harvey Gratt
ARMY 04-218       Selected for Award
Title:Enhanced Lethality Munitions for Army Applications
Abstract:Enhanced lethality munitions are eagerly sought after by the designers of the next generation of smaller, lighter, and cheaper munitions within DoD. A very important issue for the enhancement material is that it be no more massive than the current concepts. In fact, a reduction in mass compared to a common approach of building a missile and adding a warhead, would be to build the missile structural components, i.e. from the lethality enhancers themselves. This would allow the elimination of the extra mass of the warhead while delivering up to ten times the combined energy as a steel warhead, to the target. Bulkheads heatshields, sensor housings, and connecting structures would be the most likely candidates for these materials. These materials can be formed from bimetallic compositions such that they will react spontaneously when exposed to high temperatures / pressures similar to what would be experienced in a missile or bullet impact. Upon ignition, the energy released by the Reactive Materials (RM) can exceed the kinetic energy due to velocity alone by as much as ten times.

MISSILE SYSTEMS & TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Dr.
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 704-3420
Mr. Harvey Gratt
ARMY 04-219       Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Guidance, Navigation and Control (GNC) Algorithm Development to Enhance the Lethality of Interceptors Against Maneuvering Targets
Abstract:The theoretical basis for current GNC algorithms implemented in interceptors has evolved from linear optimal control theory, which includes simple target maneuvers. These implementations suffer from lack of robustness when future threat target maneuvers are encountered, since the interceptor to target maneuver advantage required will exceed the maximums achievable. The spiraling and chaotic nature of ballistic targets in the atmosphere will also stress current GNC capabilities to derive and execute a maneuver fast enough and accurately enough to effect a direct hit.

POLARIS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5710 Jones Valley Drive
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 824-6548
Dr. David Chenault
ARMY 04-220       Selected for Award
Title:Passive, Active Stokes Polarization Imaging System
Abstract:The ability for polarization to provide additional information in difficult detection scenarios has strong potential to address a variety of hypervelocity interceptor applications. The targeting of a boost phase missile requires a sensor that can both acquire the target and perform plume / hardbody discrimination. For midcourse scenarios, debris and decoy clouds, low thermal contrast, and target orientation determination can also be measured an active or passive imaging polarimeter. In re-entry phase, an imaging polarization sensor can provide aimpoint selection and orientation determination in the presence of a wake. Imaging polarimeters have the disadvantage of reduced throughput due to the polarizer transmission. When an on-demand polarizer is integrated with appropriate optics, the resulting imaging system becomes a dual-mode imager that has both conventional intensity imaging and imaging polarimeter capabilities. This dual-mode system has the advanced discrimination advantages of the imaging polarimeter while maintaining the throughput advantages of a conventional seeker, thus enabling long detection ranges as well as clutter and decoy rejection for the end game. The marriage of the on-demand polarizer with imaging polarimetry is the key innovation of this SBIR effort and if successful will represent a revolutionary advance in capability for missile seeker technology.

HEM TECHNOLOGIES
3518 27th St
Lubbock, TX 79410
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 441-1147
Dr. David J Hemmert
ARMY 04-221       Selected for Award
Title:High Power Microwaves
Abstract:The integration and use of technology to control and operate various systems has proliferated throughout the world. However, this technology, which is comprised of semiconductor devices such as transistors, is extremely vulnerable to high power electromagnetic radiation. Although such technological systems are vulnerable to conventional armaments such as high explosives and phosphorous munitions when in the open area, they can be easily protected by means of armor or overhead protection. These barriers to conventional weapons are not necessarily barriers to electromagnetic radiation. HEM Technologies proposes to build an electromagnetic radiation power source capable of producing a short high voltage pulse train for 40mm to 155 mm rocket and missile platforms such as 2.75 in rockets and Hellfire. In addition, the explosives in the power conditioning system will provide secondary blast and fragmentary effects providing a dual capability for the system. The commercialization of this product will apply to a variety of applications. In particular the product may be used in a variety of extreme conditions as a power source, either primary or emergency.

LOKI, INC.
1006 Kingshighway
Rolla, MO 65409
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 742-4779
Dr. Sergey I. Shkuratov
ARMY 04-221       Selected for Award
Title:High Power Microwaves
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create two new types of compact, autonomous, pulse-detonation-driven high-power microwave sources that provide multiple pulse radiation. These systems are to be used to construct small to medium caliber munitions (40-mm to 155-mm) to increase the scope of the target set, and enhance destruction capability. These types of microwave generators are intended to radiate a series of ultra-wideband pulses of gigawatt power. The systems can be in operation from few seconds to several tens of minutes depending on the caliber. Another objective of the proposed research and development work is to create single-shot, autonomous, completely explosive high-power microwave system based on a shock wave ferromagnetic generator (FMG) as a seed source, a multi-stage magnetic flux compression generator (MFCG) as a pulsed power amplifier, an inductive energy storage with the exploding wire opening switch, and compact coaxial sealed-off virtual cathode oscillator (vircator) as a radiating stage. This autonomous system will be simple, reliable in operation, inexpensive and easily produced. It will fit into a 50-155 mm diameter and will be used to construct small to medium caliber munitions to increase the scope of the target set and enhance destruction capability.

FAKESPACE LABS, INC.
241 Polais Avenue
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 688-1940
Mr. Ian McDowall
ARMY 04-222       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Low Cost Wide Field of View Head Mounted Display for Aviation Training
Abstract:An opportunity is emerging for head mounted displays if the optics can be designed to provide an immersive wide field of view with little to no adjustment for different users. The need for such a display is becoming plain as computer graphics and 3D content become ubiquitous and generic, yet current of head mounted displays remain expensive and finicky. Such a design is now possible due to emergent optical technologies coupled with recently available, low cost microdisplays. Our design approach uses these components in unconventional ways to create a 120 degree field of view display easily used without adjustment. Having previously produced a similar product but at a high price and large size, we find this confluence of technologies and our proposed design impossible to ignore. We believe we can create a mixed-reality display ideally suited to the AVCATT and other simulation environments.

NVIS, INC.
11495 Sunset Hills Road, Suite 202
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 891-1130
Mr. Minoo Bablani
ARMY 04-222       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Low Cost Wide Field of View Head Mounted Display for Aviation Training
Abstract:The goal of this proposal is to illustrate a low-cost, wide field-of-view display for out-the-window simulation to be used in the reconfigurable AVCATT system. NVIS is proposing a hybrid display technology that utilizes projection optics in a head-mounted configuration, referred to as a Head-Mounted Projective Display, or HMPD. The HMPD is a lightweight display that projects images onto a thin retro-reflective screen that can be placed virtually anywhere in the surrounding environment. Images are reflected back towards the user, independent of the viewing angle between the screen and the user. Unlike most head-mounted displays, the HMPD is inherently see-through, with the augmented images only appearing where the retro-reflective screen is present, such as on a physical window or opening. This provides the user with the correct cutoff between the real environment and the OTW scene. All other areas of the physical environment will be visible through the display optics. This will allow users to operate the vehicle controls that would be instrumented to the deployed image generator. The focus of the proposed Phase 1 research will be to optimize the HMPD concept to support the specific design objectives for the AVCATT training system, particularly a wide field-of-view for out-the-window simulation.

RESEARCH NETWORK, INC.
1201 Roberts Blvd., Ste. 120
Kennesaw, GA 30144
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 354-0182
Mr. James A. Saffold
ARMY 04-223       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Distributed and Collaborative Information Environment for Embedded After Action Review Technologies
Abstract:The Embedded AAR System - as an end-to-end solution for both virtual and constructive exercises can save the army millions of man hours in efficient training and planning for military operations. The ability to perform complete mission functions (planning, conduct, review) from a common interface saves mission time allowing for more trials to be conducted and maximizes commonality of technologies for the digitized force. The integration of potential virtual and live worlds also affords incredibly high trial spaces, at diverse locations, to allow the development of CONOPS and TTPS for system integration on both vehicles and dismounts. In addition to training and AAR support, the embedded system allows for full multiplayer support across normal broadband connects that would be readily available to potential recruits to the armed forces. As training tool, mission planning tool, and a recruiting tool, the complete system integrates many critical functions of the armed services into a common architecture which can be readily expanded and maintained at very low cost.

RAM LABORATORIES, INC.
10525 Vista Sorrento Parkway, Suite 220
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 677-9207
Dr. Robert McGraw
ARMY 04-224       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Extending MRMAide for Multi Resolution Federation Planning and Development
Abstract:In order to reuse models and simulations and integrate them with C4I systems, developers must deal with issues surrounding differences in resolution and fidelity for both the data representations used by models and the algorithms represented in the models themselves. The Army is searching for tools to aid in the identification, visualization, comparison, and ultimately the alignment of simulation and C4I system data that enable better overall comprehension of modeling disparities amongst a federation of varying resolution simulations and differences in the data representation between federates and C4I systems We propose to develop enhancements to our MRMAide (Mixed Resolution Modeling Aide) toolset, which enables the integration of multi-resolution models and simulations at the component, entity, and federate level. We propose to enhance MRMAide to address Multi-Resolution Federation Planning and Development by extending MRMAide's current methodology to support (1) the alignment of multi-resolution data and data mapping, including C4I data, (2) the resolution of differences in the algorithms used by different representations, including design patterns through Base Object Model (BOM) concepts, and (3) better alignment with the Federation Development and Planning (FEDEP) Process Model. This will enable MRMAide to support the end to end design and development of multi-resolution federations.

ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3275 Progress Drive, Suite D
Orlando, FL 32826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 281-1948
Mr. Dan Hartman
ARMY 04-225       Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Concepts for Low-Cost Multi-Spectral Targets for Gunnery Training
Abstract:A team composed of Engineering Technology Inc. (ETI), a small business located in Orlando, Florida and the University of Central Florida, College of Optics and Photonics: Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers (CREOL), proposes to research advanced technologies that will improve Army capabilities to introduce light-weight, low-cost, high-fidelity targets and surrogate vehicles for use in gunnery training and sensor testing. UCF CREOL researchers recently demonstrated a capability to project a dynamic IR target image compatible with the new generation of thermal sights. Leveraging from the results of this research, ETI proposes to develop concept designs for multispectral targets for live fire gunnery training and sensor training that will demonstrate a significant signature fidelity improvement over the current state-of-the art. At the end of the Phase II program we will demonstrate a portable device capable of projecting multispectral targets of hostile vehicles on a live fire range.

FALCON SYSTEMS ENGINEERING CORP.
2111 Baldwin Avenue, Suite 4
Crofton, MD 21114
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 451-7160
Mr. Russell Dominique
ARMY 04-225       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Innovative Concepts for Low-Cost Multi-Spectral Targets for Gunnery Training
Abstract:Advanced innovative manufacturing technologies can provide lightweight, low-cost, high-fidelity targets and surrogate vehicles for use in gunnery training and sensor testing that provide a significant improvement in threat representative visual and infrared signatures including the environmental interactions. Falcon Systems will evaluate and demonstrate the feasibility and cost/fidelity tradeoff of several approaches and concept designs for both 2D gunnery target representations and 3D surrogate vehicles for sensor testing.

INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3250 Ocean Park Blvd., Suite 100
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Dr. Azad M. Madni
ARMY 04-226       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:STORIEST: Scenario-based Training, Observation and Remediation of Inexperienced Soldiers
Abstract:Realtime interactive stories have emerged as an extremely effective and enjoyable tool for learning skills and applying them effectively when needed. The purpose of this effort is to: explore how vignettes (or short story-oriented training scenarios) can be enhanced to provide cognitive realism in training future leaders in tactical decisionmaking in the face of high levels of ambiguity; and investigate how an intelligent agent-based tool can enable realtime adaptation of stories. Phase I of this effort is devoted to exploring how vignettes can be integrated into distance learning environments to train and develop leaders (and staff) and how intelligent agents can assist in tactical instruction through individualized assessment, feedback and training. As part of Phase I, existing development and assessment tools will be critically reviewed in terms of their relevance and leverage for Real-time Adaptation of Stories for training.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 207-2237
Dr. Amy Henninger
ARMY 04-226       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Intelligent Agents for Real-Time Story Adaptation for Training Assessment
Abstract:Simulation-based training systems are developed for a broad range of warfighter and warfighter support activities, from clearing buildings to high-level command decision-making. These systems are expensive to build and they are expensive to operate. This proposal outlines a plan to decrease both types of costs, the costs to develop training systems and the costs to operate training systems. It addresses the former through the development of a general architecture for interactive storytelling in game-based simulation environments. It addresses the latter by automating the creation of scenarios appropriate to training goals, dynamically altering these scenarios to promote the training objectives, and intelligently generating after action explanations of trainee behavior. To accomplish these technical objectives, we leverage and extend tools (storytelling architectures and automated AAR systems) previously developed through U.S. Army funding. The extension of the storytelling architecture provides for a more robust architecture that can accommodate a number of different training simulation environments. The extension of the automated AAR tool provides for a novel type of feedback possible only to environments with storytelling capability. Finally, the integration of the two provides sophisticated, knowledge-intensive, agent-based instruction both during and after an exercise. This work not only applies state-of-the-art, but it extends state-of-the-art.

L. C. PEGASUS CORP.
10 Bedford Drive
Basking Ridge, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 781-0393
Mr. Peter Y. Lee
ARMY 04-227       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Innovative Wireless Network Modeling And Simulation Technology In Support of Training, Testing And Range Instrumentation Requirements
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a high-speed wireless network that can be seamlessly integrated with existing fiber-optic based range communication networks. The goal is to fully benefit from the on-going range digitization efforts and capitalize on recent technological advancements in wireless communications. The latest developments in wireless standards, products, and research will be investigated, and their capability of carrying multimedia range instrumentation data will be examined. Sophisticated network simulation tools, such as the OPNET Modeler and Wireless module, will be extensively utilized for network design, and innovative wireless network modeling and simulation technology will be developed to fulfill training, testing and range instrumentation requirements. The network security issue pertaining to the proposed wireless network will be investigated so that the right level of security measures can be identified and implemented to ensure optimal information protection.

IAP RESEARCH, INC.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
Dr. Bhanumathi Chelluri
ARMY 04-228       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Continuous Dynamic Processing of Ceramic Tiles for Ground Vehicle Protection
Abstract:Ceramics and ceramic matrix composite are used as advanced armor materials for their lightweight and superior ballistic performance. The silicon carbide (SiC) armor material, processed by hot pressing at temperature >2000 ?C under high pressure for several hours has better ballistic performance compared to material by other processing routes. However, hot pressing is a slow batch process. Currently semi-continuous Pressure Assisted Densification (PAD) method for SiC material is under development for increasing the yield. The PAD process alone cannot meet the near future demand for ballistic grade SiC. Thus there is a need for alternate continuous processing approaches that have potential for high yields. We propose to develop a Dynamic Processing method for SiC material where high green bodies close to full density are produced in sub-millisecond compaction durations that will enable lower sintering temperature-duration cycles. Due to high green density, the special microstructures and grain sizes of the powders will be retained after sintering to yield high ballistic performance. The proposed dynamic processing method that combines fast compaction with a short sintering cycle has the potential to be developed into a continuous processing method to deliver high performance and high yield.

IMAGECOM
202 E Border Street,, Suite 301
Arlington, TX 76010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 272-1045
Mrs. Sharon L. Barber
ARMY 04-229       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Automated Propagation of Design Intent from Legacy Drawings to 3D Models
Abstract:Companies looking to supplant 2D drawings with intelligent 3D models face the problem that there are no tools available that capture more than the geometry of the artifact. The available tools do not propagate the large amount of design intent and manufacturing knowledge contained in 2D drawings such as the notes, dimensions, tolerances, constraints, material, surface finish, contextual information etc. Much research exists in capturing design intent and a number of systems and representation schemas have been developed e.g. JANUS, ADD+, IBIS etc, but these tools do not address capturing same from 2D drawings. With this SBIR Imagecom proposes to research and address the issues that arise when identifying and capturing said intent from 2D engineering drawings and of storing captured intent in a homogeneous format such as the 3D model. Additionally popular CAD/CAE systems will be benchmarked so that one may be extended to serve as the platform to store the captured design intent and manufacturing knowledge. We will prototype an architecture to help address the issue of intent capture with minimal interference to the design. The result of the first phase of this SBIR would be a strategy and architecture to capture, represent, store and retrieve design intent from 2D drawings.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Kevin Yu
ARMY 04-230       Awarded: 14DEC04
Title:Organically Modified Sol-Gel Nanocomposite for Lightweight Optically Clear Armor Protection
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new low-cost, lightweight and flexible Organically Modified Sol-gel (ORMSOL) nanocomposite material to replace heavy bulletproof glass in transparent ballistic window structures. The proposed ORMSOL nanocomposite will have excellent optical properties, thermal stability, durability, and flexibility, as well as excellent ballistic performance at a reduced weight compared with current glass/polycarbonate backing material. ORMSOL will be produced by systematically reacting a sol-gel precursor with methyl methacrylate or polyurethane to form a prepolymer, which will then be cured before it is treated with zirconium oxide nanoparticles. The proposed versatile chemical synthesis methodology will precisely determine the physical, chemical, optical, thermal, and mechanical properties of the resulting ORMSOL material. ORMSOL can be cast to form parts in a variety of shapes and thickness and in desired mechanical, thermal, and optical properties. In Phase I POC will develop the ORMSOL nanocomposite and prepare samples to demonstrate the flexibility of the ORMSOL synthesis method and ballistics properties of various compositions. The samples will be tested for mechanical, thermal, optical, and ballistic protection characteristics. Phase II will focus on optimizing the process and developing pilot production of ORMSOL nanocomposite material.

FOAM MATRIX, INC.
1123 E. Redondo Blvd
Inglewood, CA 90302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 680-0777
Mr. michael kramer
ARMY 04-231       Selected for Award
Title:Composite Structures for Ballistic Protection
Abstract:Current armor solutions for wheeled vehicles such as the HEMTT, MTVR, HMMWV, and commercial trucks, is heavy, can be costly, and is limited in its ability to survive from Improvised Explosive Device (IED) threats such as the ones currently being seen in Iraq. What is needed is a solution that meets both 7.62 AP and Ball ammunition in addition to having a high likelihood of surviving roadside IED explosions. Armor solutions using Rolled Homogeneous Armor (RHA) can be heavy, severely limiting the capability of the vehicle, or worse, used at a thinner gage that may not be capable of protecting from 7.62 and IED threats. Composite armor solutions have historically been costly, susceptible to fire damage, and can be difficult to attach to existing vehicles. Foam Matrix is proposing an innovative armor solution that uses commercial off the shelf materials combined with a low cost net molding process originally developed for commercial applications. The solution creates a hybrid armor that can either be used as a bolt on solution or can be incorporated into the vehicle structure, and is capable of being produced at low cost, in both flat and compound curved parts.

MKP STRUCTURAL DESIGN ASSOC., INC.
3003 Washtenaw Ave., Suite 1-E
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8860
Dr. Zheng-Dong Ma
ARMY 04-231       Selected for Award
Title:A Novel Concept of Lightweight Composite Armor for Ballistic Protection of Tactical Vehicles
Abstract:We propose to develop a new capability of using lightweight composite hybrid structures for ballistic protection of tactical ground vehicles. The new composite armor concept proposed in this proposal will be developed using the function-oriented material design tool developed at MKP Structural Design Associates, Inc. In the Phase I program, we will: 1) lay out in details the new composite armor concept, especially detailed designs of the three major components; 2) develop the enabling techniques, including design methodologies and manufacturing processing techniques; 3) conduct a feasibility study through virtual prototyping and laboratory tests; 4) fabricate sample prototypes for proof of concept; and 5) develop a Phase II plan for actual physical prototyping and field tests. In the Phase II program, the composite armor prototypes will be developed to achieve a particular performance specification and to meet and/or even exceed the required standard in ballistic testing. The feasibility and effectiveness of the new armor system will be tested and evaluated for mass production and commercialization in the Phase III and thereafter. The proposed composite armor system will have the following features: 1) Ultra-lightweight compared with other existing armor structures; 2) Flexibility to fit various vehicle bodies and contours; 3) Superior impact energy absorption capability due to the the unique design of the armor unit; 4) Superior strength for structural integrity due to the tendon-reinforcements; 5) Capability to resist heat and flame due to the flexibility to select desirable parent materials for the composite; 6) Ease of manufacture, maintenance and repair, and low life-cycle cost due to the fact that armor units can be installed and removed individually; 7) Applicability to other military applications and to commercial vehicle systems.

BOSSA NOVA TECHNOLOGIES
606 Venice Blvd, Suite B
Venice, CA 90291
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 577-8113
Dr. Sebastien Breugnot
ARMY 04-232       Selected for Award
Title:Fast rotatable and variable ceramic programmable waveplate for visible and NIR polarization imaging
Abstract:In this proposal, we describe a program to explore and demonstrate the possibilities of an innovative optical component for visible and near-infrared polarization imaging (From 400 nm to 2000 nm). Based on Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate (PLZT), we plan to obtain a fast rotatable and variable ceramic programmable waveplate. Using this waveplate produces a polarization controller that will be the key component of a visible and near-infrared polarization imager and will replace the use of mechanical rotation of polarization components.

I TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
2663 Wayside Dr.
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 604-2733
Dr. Robert E Sampson
ARMY 04-232       Selected for Award
Title:Robotic Vehicle Spectro-Polarimeter
Abstract:Robotic vehicle applications requires significant information about the nature of the terrain and objects ahead. Spectral and polarization measurements in addition to normal intensity information provides the kind of information needed for real time decision making for robotic vehicle control and target detection and identification. This proposal is for a sensor that provides spatial, spectral, and polarization data sets simultaneously in real time. This proposed Phase 1 SBIR project builds on developments at the University if Arizona's Optical Detection Laboratory and will provide the most versatile and capable sensor developed to date.

POLARIS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5710 Jones Valley Drive
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 824-6548
Dr. David Chenault
ARMY 04-232       Selected for Award
Title:Polarimetric Sensors for Robotic Vehicle Perception
Abstract:Polarization imaging holds promise for providing significant improvements in contrast in a number of target detection and discrimination applications. In several recent development efforts, it has been demonstrated that manmade objects have a significantly stronger polarization signal than natural backgrounds resulting in good contrast that complements the conventionally imaged infrared signature. Other recent research has suggested that polarization sensing may increase detection range through optically dense media such as fog or aerosol laden atmosphere. However, these experimental systems frequently require long data acquisition times, which results in artifacts in the polarization imagery due to platform or target motion. Additionally, calibration and investigation of systematic errors in these systems is difficult and robust calibration procedures have not been fully demonstrated. Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc is proposing to develop an LWIR imaging polarimeter that captures a complete Stokes vector in a single image. The approach chosen utilizes birefringent polarization components in a unique configuration that eliminates polarization artifacts due to target or platform motion. In Phase I, a prototype instrument will be designed complete with component specifications, schematics, data reduction and calibration algorithms. A thorough performance analysis of the design will also be performed.

MID MICHIGAN RESEARCH
2170 Long Leaf
Okemos, MI 48864
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 347-3091
Mr. Andrew Fedewa
ARMY 04-233       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Development of a Robust MEMs Based Micro Technology Engine Management and Health Monitoring System
Abstract:The sole purpose of combustion in a piston engine is to generate pressure in order to push the piston and produce work. Pressure diagnostics provide a tool for evaluating the execution of the exothermic process of combustion in an engine cylinder. Its task is that of an inverse problem: evaluation of the mechanism of a system from its measured output. The dynamic properties of the closed system in a piston engine are expressed in terms of a dynamic stage- the transition between the processes of compression and expansion. A Micro-Electronic Controlled Combustion (MECC) system final design will be completed in the Phase I effort and the system built and demonstrated in Phase II. This proposal provides a theoretical model which will serve as a basis for design of the micro-electronic control system. The low-cost micro-sensor that to be used for primary input to the model is a pressure transducer, providing the possibility for an unprecedented level of cylinder pressure-based closed-loop control and engine health monitoring based on theoretical analysis rather than empirical calibrations. The goal of this effort is to extend engine control and diagnostics to microsecond resolution, allowing a robust and reliable engine controller to influence the action of a cycle based on interpretation of the previous cycle.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4640
Dr. Aniruddha Weling
ARMY 04-234       Selected for Award
Title:Standoff IED Detection using Coherent Ultra-Broadband Terahertz Sources and Detectors
Abstract:In today's environment of the global war on terrorism, there is an urgent need to develop novel sensing technology for stand-off detection of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in battleground as well as civilian settings. Although Ultra Wide-Band (UWB) Radar technology is being investigated intensely for this application, it is limited in its spatial resolution, ability to discriminate non-metallic IED components and immunity to clutter from rocks, foliage and other camouflage materials. Laser-based generation of sub-picosecond pulses of coherent terahertz (THz) radiation coupled with non-resonant electro-optic detection presents significant potential as a non-RF intrusive and jam-resistant remote sensing technology with capabilities for compositional analysis and automated recognition of concealed IEDs. Foster-Miller proposes to develop an ultrafast laser-driven compact Coherent THz Spectrometer (CTS) based on ultra-broadband THz generation and phase coherent electro-optic sampling. The proposed Phase I effort will explore the efficacy of coherent THz impulse ranging and imaging in the 0.1-3 THz frequency range to stand-off IED detection in the presence of background clutter. Such a system can potentially perform real time spectroscopic characterization of materials associated with IEDs with sub-mm spatial resolution over a considerably wider range of THz frequency than is possible with state-of-the-art UWB Radar technology. (P-050004)

TIME DOMAIN CORP.
7057 Old Madison Pike, Suite 250
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-6461
Mr. Herbert Fluhler
ARMY 04-234       Selected for Award
Title:Near-Term Vehicular Sensor Fused 3-D UWB Radar And Hyperspectral Imaging For Enhanced IED And Mine Detection And IED Suppression
Abstract:Time Domain Corporation proposes a novel dual phenomenology sensor to detect, classify and alert against IEDs and mines at near OP-TEMPO cross country speeds. A specially designed pulsed Ultra Wideband (UWB) radar offers one of the phenomenologies and an IR Hyperspectral Imager the other. The UWB radar uses a unique design to maximize range, resolution and ground penetration for the detection of IEDs and mines, both above and below ground. Very high bandwidth and polarimetric UWB radar capability enables refined discrimination of true targets as well as trigger wires both above and below the surface. The projected performance is equal to or better than current state of the art devices. The UWB radar also serves a dual role for jamming any IED wireless command detonator to help enhance survivability. The UWB radar is designed to be completely unobtrusive to the operator or vehicle function. A co-boresighted Hyperspectral Imager sensor is used to add a complementary sensing function which is fused to provide dual phenomenology for enhance detection of IEDs and mines and reduced false alarms. The comparatively long range of these sensors and high throughput signal processing permits vehicle travel at tactically useful speeds.

M3TECHCENTER, LLC
45421 Glengarry Blvd.
Canton, MI 48188
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 844-1096
Dr. Shaling Qiao
ARMY 04-235       Selected for Award
Title:MEMS Testing Simulator
Abstract:MEMS with sensors, actuators and control functions in a large network system often needs to work in a harsh environment involving changes in mechanical, chemical, and electromagnetic loading at high frequencies and high intensities. The objectives of this SBIR Program are: (1) to develop a MEMS simulator that can provide simulated and accelerated environment/loading conditions for accurate assessment of MEMS reliability; (2) to achieve high reliability by developing the first generation self-diagnosis and self-recovery MEMS packaging technique. To achieve these objectives, in phase-1 and option phase, the key loading parameters and related testing techniques will be identified, and MEMS testing will be performed to establish database. In addition, the technique of using embedded sensor array inside MEMS will be developed for load monitoring and MEMS self-diagnosis. Predictive damage models will be developed for reliability assessment. The results will lead to a prototype design of MEMS simulator, to be implemented and commercialized in Phase-2. In addition, the project attempts to develop self-recovery function by using two types of smart materials with self-recovery and self-healing functions. The new concept of self-recovery MEMS will be verified in Phase-1 and option, and commercialized for dual application in Phase II.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-5693
Dr. Joseph S. Heyman
ARMY 04-236       Selected for Award
Title:Mobile Parts Hospital NDE/Materials Characterization Checkout Center
Abstract:This proposal presents to the Army a unique system for testing parts made by the Mobile Parts Hospital. The concept system can even be built into the MPH and can be integrated with any automated parts handling capability. The proposed system will achieve the traditional Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) results as to flaws and voids. In addition, this system will provide engineering results such as elastic constants to predict part stiffness. Vector information will be provided to assess part preferential anisotropy or uniformity as required. The approach is based on an ultrasonic pulsed phase locked loop, a type of high-resolution acoustic spectrometer that has resolution of parts per ten million. This simple to use one-sided (or through transmission) system will determine the rates of change in acoustic natural velocity in the fabricated parts as a function of strain. Such measurements provide the key 3rd order elasticity parameters. The instrument concept builds on decades of award-winning research by the PI while at NASA that now can be brought to commercial uses with the Luna philosophy of invent, build and commercialize which has led to five new spin-off companies in the past 4 years.

MICHIGAN ENGINEERING SERVICES, LLC
3916 Trade Center Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 355-0084
Dr. Nickolas Vlahopoulos
ARMY 04-237       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Development ofBlast Event Simulation
Abstract:The design of Army vehicles to resist blast from a mines or from explosive devices is of great interest in order to provide protection to the vehicle and its occupants. Full size mine blast tests are expensive and time consuming. Using a numerical simulation for predicting the interaction of the mine blast with the vehicle can minimize the testing, and identify design changes for increased survivability. A seamless blast event simulation system will be developed and validated. The DoD CTH hydrocode will be used for modeling the explosion and it will be coupled with commercial codes such as ABAQUS, LS-Dyna, and/or MADYMO for computing the structural response induced by the explosion. MADYMO will be used for assessing the occupants' safety due to the blast. The blast event simulation system will be able to update the numerical models for improved correlation to test data and it will evaluate a confidence level to the computations. The CTH code will be validated for simulating landmine detonations through comparison to a comprehensive set of mine detonation experiments reported in [21]. The blast event simulation system will be validated by analyzing the experiment presented in [22] for metallic targets subjected to landmine explosions.

REACTION ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL
77 West 200 South, Suite 210
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 364-6925
Mr. David Swensen
ARMY 04-237       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Development ofBlast Event Simulation
Abstract:Reaction Engineering International proposes to evaluate the merit and feasibility of developing a suite of next-generation simulations tools to better predict the effects of buried explosive devices on ground vehicles. The blast and soil modeling will be performed using advanced simulation tools developed as part of the DoE ASCI program at the University of Utah (C-SAFE) and the vehicles will be modeled using the DYNA3D FE code and off-the-shelf packages such as LS-DYNA and Hyperworks. The final product will include a hierarchy of blast simulation capabilities, ranging from reduced-order models and decoupled preprocessor-based models, to a comprehensive, tightly coupled simulation tool based on the C-SAFE and DYNA3D codes. The model hierarchy will allow for blast simulations to be performed with varying levels of detail, depending on the required accuracy, ease of use, simulation run time and available computational resources. The final product will have a wide range of applications for both the military and civilian markets.

ADVANCED SCIENCE & AUTOMATION CORP.
20170 East Magnolia Court
Smithfield, VA 23430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 469-6839
Dr. Tamer Wasfy
ARMY 04-238       Awarded: 13DEC04
Title:Visualization Tool for Animating Combined Multibody Dynamics and Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop a tool for real-time interactive visualization of the results of combined CFD and multibody dynamics simulations of tanker vehicles and sloshing liquid payloads. The tool can be used for the following: 1) visualization of an animation of: liquid surface, iso-surfaces, vehicle, terrain and surroundings; 2) making any part of the model semi-transparent so that obstructed parts are visible; 3) coloring/contouring the surface of the tank, an iso-surface, a cutting plane, or any other surface in the fluid domain using a scalar response quantity, 4) placing animated arrows on a surface or volume in the fluid domain, 5) visualization of volume and surface-restricted streak-lines, path-lines, and time-lines, and 6) flow feature extraction including visualization of vortex cores and separation/attachment lines. The user will be able to view the animation from a ground viewpoint or a viewpoint attached to the vehicle. The simulation can be viewed on multi-screen immersive stereoscopic displays. The tool will run on Windows, Unix, and Linux platforms. Finally, the tool will include a hierarchical clickable list of natural-language commands, the ability to process the user's natural-language speech, and multimedia-enhanced step-by-step guiding for inexperienced users.

REALTIME TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1517 N. Main Street
Royal Oak, MI 48067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 705-0705
Dr. Richard Romano
ARMY 04-239       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Multi-Resolution Modeling of Ground Platform Dynamic Performance and Mobility
Abstract:TARDEC is seeking to advance off-line, real-time, and faster than real-time modeling and simulation methods used for predicting the performance of off-road and on-road vehicles. TARDEC currently uses DADS for off-line simulation and SimCreator to develop real-time multi-body vehicle models. The objective of this proposal is to develop a Multi-Resolution Translating System (MRTS) that will rapidly convert DADS off-line models into SimCreator real-time models. In addition, the MRTS system will generate parameters for use in the NATO Reference Mobility Model (NRMM) as well as OneSAF and other semi automated constructive simulations. NRMM is a simulation tool used to evaluate the on and off-road mobility of wheeled and tracked vehicles. OneSAF is used for constructive simulation as well as the development of doctrine and training materials. During Phase I, the best algorithms to use in implementing the MRTS system will be determined. These algorithms will be used to manually convert a HMMWV model from DADS into SimCreator, NRMM, and OneSAF. Once the best methodologies have been determined, Phase II will focus on implementing them in an automatic software tool set.

APECOR
3259 Progress Drive, Ste. A
Orlando, FL 32826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 275-1174
Mr. Rod A. Muhaisen
ARMY 04-240       Selected for Award
Title:High-Power, High-Voltage, Bidirectional DC-DC Converter
Abstract:The objective of this research is to investigate the technical feasibility of building a bidirectional converter to achieve the power density, efficiency, and coolant temperature objectives using an innovative marriage of state-of-the-art technologies. These technologies each represent innovations in their respective fields. The power electronics team at Advanced Power Electronics Corp. is proposing to investigate and design a modular converter with multiple, smaller capacity units operating in a parallel, interleaved fashion each employing soft-switching techniques. The modularity of the system will distribute heat load between the semiconductor devices which will promote a lower junction temperature while interleaving will allow for smaller system magnetics. The effective use of soft-switching techniques will reduce losses thus improving efficiency and power dissipation in the devices. The design will focus on compatibility with advanced cooling techniques. The thermal management/packaging team at Rini Technologies Inc. will incorporate the emerging evaporative spray cooling (ESC) technology. The proposed cooling system will be enclosed with the converter and reject heat to an external coolant loop at 100?C. Further, the team will coordinate with semiconductor device manufacturers to repackage selected devices to make them more compatible with ESC. In the Phase I option, the team will build a small-scale prototype in order to prove the proposed design concepts.

ELECTRODYNAMICS ASSOC., INC.
409 Eastbridge Drive
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 977-1825
Mr. Jay Vaidya
ARMY 04-241       Selected for Award
Title:Compact, Efficient Electric Propulsion Motor for Multiple Applications
Abstract:Hybrid electric propulsion of Army vehicles is beneficial in terms of fuel economy and silent mobility. High torque and high power density PM motors are needed for these applications.Electrodynamics proposes innovative concepts to achieve and exceed specified goals in power and torque density, efficiency, and scalability. This proposal explores various configurations including inside rotor, outside rotor, and axial gap. After selecting one of these approaches, proprietary innovative concepts are proposed to substantially increase the power density, torque density, and efficiency. These concepts also include the design of controller to match the motor and provide the ability to extend the operating speed range to cover operation from standstill to 10000 RPM. Sensorless design incorporated within software based control using a DSP is proposed. A team of experts in electromagentics, control, software, structural, thermal, and dynamic design of the motor and controller will address all the design issues during Phase I and Phase I Option to be ready to produce demonstrable hardware during Phase II. Military and commercial applications for the product are proposed.

RASERT TECHNOLOGIES
5152 North Edgewood Drive
Provo, UT 84604
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 765-1200
Mr. Timothy D. Fehr
ARMY 04-241       Selected for Award
Title:High Power Density, High Torque Density, Efficient Electric Motors and Generators/Alternators
Abstract:RaserT Technologies has developed and demonstrated electromagnetic technologies that can produce performance from an alternating current induction motor that is superior to state of the art traction motors that employ costly and difficult to use permanent magnet materials. These technologies offer high power density and high torque density for traction motors and generators for hybrid electric vehicles. In Phase I, RaserT will develop the conceptual design and performance predictions based on modeling for two Integrated Starter Generators/Alternators (ISA's). The ISA's would be pancake type motors, one conceptually designed appropriate to a re-powered HMMWV and the second conceptually designed appropriate to a Future Tactical Truck System. The two conceptual designs would demonstrate the scalability of output power and torque to levels appropriate to Future Combat Systems vehicles. The Phase I option proposal is that RaserT would fabricate an engineering prototype of one of the ISA types and test that prototype at an independent test laboratory. This testing would demonstrate the realizability of the performance projected using modelling in Phase I.

GREENLEES FILTER, LLC
7550 Industrial Drive
Forest Park, IL 60130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(708) 366-3256
Mr. Ron Troxell
ARMY 04-242       Selected for Award
Title:Active Acoustic Cleaning System for Wheeled and Tracked Vehicles' Engine Intake Filters
Abstract:The focus of this proposal is to test the feasibility of an innovative active acoustic cleaning system designed for engine intake air cleaners of wheeled and tracked vehicles. The proposed cleaning system will enable an operator or vehicle maintenance person to reliably clean air filters both efficiently and effectively without removing the filters from the vehicles. Thus, maintenance time and costs are expected to decrease and the service life of the filter, as well as the vehicle is expected to increase. This proposal presents a significant opportunity to further enhance ongoing technology advancements within the Filtration and Enhanced Sensor Technology (FEST) topical areas as it is anticipated to extend the performance of filtration technology, and enable a more rapid response by operators or vehicle maintenance personnel to improved sensor technology. Significantly, commercialization potential is broad and very strong in both the military and private sectors.

TRANSLUME
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6330
Dr. Philippe Bado
ARMY 04-242       Selected for Award
Title:Filter with integrated condition monitoring sensor
Abstract:The objective of this program is to develop a smart filter for fluidic systems. This system will be based around a Vortex filter, and the corresponding Vortex filter housing. The array sensor will be integrated in the filter housing. The sensors, based on Translume fluid condition monitoring optical microsensors, will monitor the condition of the filter and assess its reamining service life.

ROD MILLEN SPECIAL VEHICLES
7575 Reynolds Circle
Huntington Beach, CA 92647
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 594-2220
Mr. Peter LeNoach
ARMY 04-244       Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Suspension Characterization Test Fixture
Abstract:For advanced virtual simulations to produce meaningful results, they must be built on a foundation of accurate and validated models. Conventional methods for measuring and validating model parameters are expensive, slow and require costly specialized testing equipment. ` RMSV's solution is based on the concept of optimizing the virtual model parameters so that meaningful time and frequency responses match between the virtual model and the test vehicle. This optimization takes place during the measurement process resulting in significant cost and time savings. The system uses a cost effective, low power measurement system. Its modular design allows for a wide range of vehicles from legacy to future high mobility vehicles with between two to four axles and could easily be expanded to handle more complex vehicles with the addition of more inexpensive wheel modules. Rod Millen Special Vehicles (RMSV) has the expertise, experience, equipment and facilities to develop an advanced vehicle suspension characterizer capable of accurately measuring and validating critical suspension parameters of a wide range of off-road vehicles in a timely, cost effective manner.

MESOSCOPIC DEVICES, LLC
510 Compton Street, Suite 106
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 466-6968
Dr. Joseph Poshusta
ARMY 04-245       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:Compact self-regenerating JP-8 desulfurizer
Abstract:Sulfur compounds in JP-8 are a barrier to use of fuel cells since sulfur poisons the catalysts used in fuel cells and fuel processors. Mesoscopic Devices has developed a continuous, self-regenerating desulfurization system that can treat fuel to fuel cell standards while utilizing sulfur sorbents many times more efficiently than typical fixed bed approaches. The approach exploits three key innovations: 1) air regenerable sulfur sorbents for liquid fuels, 2) a highly optimized bed arrangement, and 3) a simple and reliable device for switching the beds from desulfurization to regeneration modes. Mesoscopic Devices' ThioCycleT sorbents have been demonstrated to desulfurize marine diesel with up to 10,000 ppm sulfur to less than 10 ppm and have the ability to be air regenerated. JP-8 (with 1,000 ppm sulfur) has been desulfurized to less than 2 ppm using these sorbents. In the proposed Phase I program, Mesoscopic Devices will build and demonstrate a brassboard desulfurizer for treating JP-8 to support 5 kW fuel cell systems.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Dr. Gokhan Alptekin
ARMY 04-245       Selected for Award
Title:Novel Adsorbents for Desulfurization of High Sulfur Battlefield Fuels
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells as auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. PEM systems require clean, essentially sulfur-free hydrogen to prevent the poisoning of the anode catalyst. Unfortunately, battlefield fuels (i.e., NATO-76, JP-8) contain high levels of refractory sulfur species (up to 1% wt.), which need to be removed by advanced fuel processing technologies. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a novel sorbent based desulfurization system, an integral part of a compact and efficient fuel processor to produce a clean hydrogen feed from high sulfur fuels. In Phase I, we will develop a high capacity, regenerable adsorbent and demonstrate that its potential to reduce the sulfur content of the fuel to sub ppm levels tolerable by PEM fuel cells. We will show the long-term durability and regeneration capability of the sorbent under representative conditions. Based on experimental data, we will also carry out preliminary design of a desulfurization system integrated to a fuel processor that can deliver the hydrogen required to operate a 5 kW fuel cell APU.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Mahesh Athavale
ARMY 04-247       Awarded: 17DEC04
Title:Multiresolution Thermal Design/Signature Management Tool for Vehicle Electronics Packages
Abstract:The overall objective of this project is to develop a multiresolution, hierarchical flow-thermal software design tool for thermal management and designs of vehicle electronics packages, and interface it with TACOMs analysis code, MuSES. The coupled codes will provide a powerful tool for thermal signature analysis of the packages and other electrical and mechanical components for next generation vehicles with conventional or hybrid thermal-electric power systems. The analysis tool will have capability of fully-resolved CFD flow-thermal simulations of complex electronics packages. Innovative use of artificial neural nets will allow reduced-order modeling of various electronics components and subsystems for rapid and accurate system-level analyses. Phase I work will involve adaptation of an existing simulation environment and a GUI for electronic box applications. A set of interfaces with MuSES will be developed using the User-routine capabilities in MuSES. The coupled system will be demonstrated on a specific vehicle problem for thermal-flow as well as thermal signature analysis of the electronics components. The Phase II project will focus on development of a comprehensive, multiresolution GUI, an extensive parts library for electronics components and subsystems; and automated, script-driven procedures for development of ANN-based and other reduced order models of electronics components. The tools will be validated and demonstrated on selected vehicle configurations and in consultation and collaboration with TACOM.

TES INTERNATIONAL LLC
2265 Livernois Road, Suite 701
Troy, MI 48083
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 362-2090
Mr. Ben Zandi
ARMY 04-247       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:Complex Electronics Packaging Thermal/Signature Management Design Tool
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposal is to develop a software package for thermal/signature analysis of electronic systems that can be used during rapid prototyping exercises to study the thermal behavior of complex electronic packages, both individually and as a complete system with multiple packages in close proximity. The tool must be able to accurately predict the thermal field in each package, taking into account the consequences of other electronic boxes in its environment, and easily and seamlessly be integrated into a "parent" MUSES model for global system prediction. With recent advances in computer hardware and software technologies, it is now possible to develop a "next generation" software package for the thermal management of complex electronic systems - one that is capable of simulating several models of various electronic systems at once, all integrated into a global model that is running in parallel.

INTERNATIONAL MEZZO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
LBTC, Rm D-104, South Stadium Dr.
Baton Rouge, LA 70803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(225) 334-6394
Mr. Andrew B. McCandless
ARMY 04-248       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Cooling Objectives and Operative Leverage (COOL) Techniques
Abstract:International Mezzo Technologies, Inc. is currently developing an extremely compact, sturdy cross flow heat exchanger that is particularly effective in gas-liquid, or gas-two phase heat transfer applications such as air-water, oil-air, or air-refrigerant heat exchangers. The goal for this proposed project is to build and quantify the performance advantages of the above mentioned heat exchanger. These heat exchangers have extremely high heat transfer/volume and heat transfer/mass ratios, as well as a variety of assembly options that provide flexibility with respect to the location and packaging of the heat exchanger within the system. Specifically, these heat exchangers offer heat transfer/volume ratios approximately one order of magnitude greater than competing plate-fin heat exchangers with comparable pumping or fan losses. Mezzo uses derivatives of the LIGA micromachining process, pioneered with DARPA-sponsored research at Louisiana State University (LSU), to build cross flow heat exchangers that have superior performance due to reduced length of the flow passages. One example of a Mezzo heat exchanger concept is a 4 inch x 6 inch heat exchanger panel which can be the basic building block of radiators/oil coolers/condensers/evaporators with very large required heat loads (100s of kW).

AEROVIRONMENT, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Avenue
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 357-9983
Dr. Zaher Daboussi
ARMY 04-249       Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Military Hybrid Technology
Abstract:As world oil production begins to peak, the increasing U.S. and worldwide usage of oil will have a negative impact on our national security, environment, and economy. Unfortunately, alternative fuels such as compressed natural gas, ethanol, bio-diesel, and hydrogen are not a satisfactory near-term, or substantive substitute. One promising solution is the charge depleting Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), sometimes called the plug-in hybrid, which can use energy from the electric grid for propulsion. With the proper energy storage system and drive train, vehicle performance can exceed that of today's conventional vehicles, while reducing fuel usage. This energy storage system, which comprises lithium batteries and possibly ultracapacitors, must provide both high energy and high power. The challenge, addressed in the proposed work, will be to develop an energy storage system that will deliverthe real world requirements of 100 wh/kg energy along with 1000 w/kg power.. AeroVironment will attack these challenges using a wealth of internally assembled battery and ultracapacitor test data, along with hybrid vehicle design and modeling/simulation project experience. AeroVironment has the battery management/power electronics expertise to develop an optimum system combining the merits of a high energy/high power system that may include a hybrid ultracapacitor/Li-Ion system.

ADIABATICS, INC.
3385 Commerce Drive
Columbus, IN 47201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 372-5052
Mr. Lloyd Kamo
ARMY 04-250       Awarded: 08DEC04
Title:Development of Endurable Thermal Barrier Coatings for Diesel Engine Specific Heat Reduction
Abstract:The future generation of both military and commercial diesel engines will operate at significantly higher temperatures and pressures than today's engines. The future combat system diesel engine operating parameters demand significant design improvement of in cylinder insulation. Increased cylinder pressure and reduced cooling requirements, heat energy recovery in the exhaust gas by turbo charging and turbo-compounding will likely be incorporated. Thus higher engine fuel efficiency, performance, and reliability can be achieved. As temperature and pressure loads for base materials in diesel engines are pushed to the maximum limit, further improvements in engine life time can only be expected by applying ceramic coatings. Use of Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBCs) show numerous advantages such as higher allowable combustion temperature and reduced heat losses to the cooling fluids (water and oil). This proposed effort will concentrate on determining the limitations of today's TBC technology. Furthermore, we expect to further the development of a diesel engine TBCs through extensive optimization, requiring a systematic optimization procedure. This procedure entails all facets of design integration, on-line process control through monitoring of an either known or newly developed TBC processes. The focus will be aimed at generating an optimized reliable reproducible, quality controlled product. Adiabatics, Inc. having the personnel, expertise and facilities to undertake such a program looks forward to this challenge.

ANALYTICAL ENGINEERING, INC.
2555 Technology Blvd., P.O. Box 2603
Columbus, IN 47202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 376-6472
Mr. Melvin Woods
ARMY 04-250       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Development of Endurable Thermal Barrier Coatings for Diesel Engine Specific Heat Reduction
Abstract:This program proposes to develop advanced thermal barrier coatings and an advanced thermal insulating exhaust port runner to reduce high power density diesel engine heat rejection. Analytical Engineering, Inc. along with APS-Materials, Inc. and Ceradyne Thermal Materials will develop and bench test thermal barrier coatings that will address the important issues of thermal insulating effectiveness and durability. In addition, an advanced thermal insulation exhaust port ceramic monolith with compliant layer will be developed to accommodate the severe thermal shock and shrinkage that occurs during the casting process. Thermal barrier coatings will be developed to address the issues of radiation translucence and convective heat exchange between the coating surface porosity and in-cylinder gases. To maximize insulating effectiveness it is proposed that the thermal barrier coating combustion chamber surface porosity be closed off and sealed with materials that will either block or reflect thermal radiation. To maximize coating durability the plasma sprayed coating substrate will be engineered for optimum stress control by means of graded coatings, optimized grain size, controlled variable density distribution, micro-crack control, post-densification etc.

POWER OF DESIGN
1544 Oakland Ave. -201
Indiana, PA 15701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(866) 261-3338
Mr. Angelo Ferraro
ARMY 04-251       Selected for Award
Title:HRCT Modular Generic Converter
Abstract:A modular generic converter system is proposed.

QUANTUM APPLIED SCIENCE & RESEARCH, INC.
5764 Pacific Center Blvd, Suite 107
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-0231
Dr. Thomas Nielsen
ARMY 04-252       Selected for Award
Title:Hands-Free Electromyographic Control of a UGV
Abstract:This program combines state-of-the-art (SoA) approach to gesture and sub-vocal speech recognition with pioneering knowledge in the development of high-impedance bioelectrodes. QUASAR's recent development of these new electrodes enables accurate measurement of bioelectric signals without contact to the skin, and opens up the possibility of a rugged sensor suite wearable in operational environments. The goal of Phase I is to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating the Insulated Bioelectrode and EMG technologies, and to develop a rugged, accurate and practical EMG-based system for hands-free tele-operation of a Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV). The study will be done on two modalities - EMG on the throat and on the forearm. Using an initial six-command lexicon, characteristics such as accuracy, robustness of the algorithm, and training time will be quantified during a limited trial. Ways of mounting sensors for both the forearm and throat will be developed and tested under a variety of conditions. At the end of the study, QUASAR will make a determination on which modality is most appropriate as the basis of a tele-operation system. In Phase II, a prototype system and algorithms for tele-operation will be demonstrated. The target configuration is a rugged, noninvasive system for hands-free control of a UGV.

THINK-A-MOVE
23825 Commerce Park, Suite D2
Cleveland, OH 44122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 765-8875
Mr. James West
ARMY 04-252       Selected for Award
Title:A Hands-Free Human/Robot Interface for Soldiers in the Field Based on Aural Flow Monitoring
Abstract:Future military engagements demand the use of robotic agents alongside warfighters during field operation. Beyond effectively interacting with each other, such agents must be able to seamlessly accept complex commands and mission directives from their manned counterparts. The current generation of man-machine interface technologies, however, falls well short of the necessary robustness, precision, and ease-of-use necessary for a soldier to effectively command such units during military missions. Think-A-Move, Ltd. has teamed with The Naval Postgraduate School, Case Western Reserve University, and Southern Illinois University, to propose the development of an unobtrusive sensor-based control system for human-machine interface to command military platforms. Leveraging past successes in generating control signals from physiological recording and processing, the interface will be capable of directing robotic devices in response to tongue movement and/or speech without insertion of any device in the vicinity of the oral cavity. Phase I work will: 1) design and simulate a candidate solder-machine interface system, 2) design signal processing and filtering algorithms to map physiological disturbance, 3) develop speech interfaces for performance augmentation, and 4) demonstrate the soldier-machine interface on a robotic hardware platform.

INTEGRATED SENSING SYSTEMS, INC.
391 Airport Industrial Drive
Ypsilanti, MI 48198
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 547-9896
Dr. Douglas Sparks
ARMY 04-253       Awarded: 09DEC04
Title:Fuel Lubricity Evaluator Sensitive to Additives
Abstract:It is proposed that ISSYS utilize its existing fluid density sensor background and micromachining technology to develop a new system capable of monitoring the lubricity of fuels. In the Phase I study, microbeads will be mixed with fluids and passed through the resonating microtube. Interaction with the tube walls will affect the motion of the microbeads resulting in a measurement of lubricity, which will be characterized in the exploratory development portion of the Phase I project. This technology lends itself to a small, portable bench-top microlubricity test system that will be fast, light, reliable and low cost, suitable for many military and commercial applications.

SURFACES RESEARCH & APPLICATIONS, INC.
8330 Melrose Drive
Lenexa, KS 66214
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(913) 541-1221
Dr. Paul A. Sutor, Sr.
ARMY 04-254       Selected for Award
Title:Preservative/Break-in Lubricating Oil
Abstract:Army vehicles require aggressive protection from rust and corrosion during long-term storage. MIL-PRF-21260 specifies a preservative/break-in oil to preserve a vehicle engine for an indefinite storage period, then drive it into service. MIL-PRF-2104 specifies a separate engine oil for in-service Army vehicles. The preservative nature of the MIL-PRF-21260 degrades quickly upon engine operation. Surfaces Research proposes to develop a top treat preservative additive package that will convert MIL-PRF-2104 diesel engine lubricants into MIL-PRF-21260 preservative/break-in lubricants. Significant Army logistics and maintenance cost savings will be achieved by enabling the ready conversion of MIL-PRF-2104 oil into MIL-PRF-21260 oil. Surfaces Research has identified and obtained the most promising additives for incorporation into the preservative top treat package. We are uniquely qualified to formulate successful top treat additive packages immediately upon program initiation. Our Phase I work will demonstrate that our new top-treated MIL-PRF-2104 oil achieves the difficult combination of both preservative and operational performance of MIL-PRF-21260. Phase I Option work will improve the stability and life of the preservative additives, so that top-treated engine oil retains preservative function during engine operation for an entire oil change interval. This will enable vehicle storage at any time without an oil change

TIAX LLC
Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6436
Dr. Anil Mankame
ARMY 04-255       Awarded: 10DEC04
Title:Assured Operational Mobility Across Gaps for the Future Combat Systems/Future Force) FCS/FF
Abstract:Despite the increase in use of futuristic technology and the Army's plans for Future Force capabilities, the Army's mobile bridges have seen few major leaps forward in their abilities. With deployability and battlefield agility being two key requirements for Future Force units, it is imperative that gaps do not hinder combat momentum nor cost the lives of those tasked to overcome them. We at TIAX propose to push the development of the next generation military bridge using innovative Robotic Gap Defeat Technology (GDT). Our Integrated Product Team will incorporate ultralightweight materials with modern robotics and controls to design a bridge small and light enough to rapidly deploy by C-130 yet strong enough to support MLC 65 vehicles in battle - a combination of constraints no current bridge can meet. Remote and/or autonomous operation will also be critical features, protecting the bridge's human operators from harm. The future GDT will help ensure that Future Force units of action and employment retain their battlefield agility while minimizing loss of forward momentum and life

NOVELTECH, INC.
3725 Tremont Lane
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 207-1990
Dr. Chunlei Xie
ARMY 04-256       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Multi-Power Source for MEMS Packaging
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I SBIR program is to investigate the feasibility of using multi-power sources fro MEMS packaging, to over comeheating at the bonding the limitations of each single power source to allow localized heating at the bonding area without overheating temperature sensitive electronic circuitry and MEMS devices. Success from this program can lead to developing an advanced MEMS packaging technology and platform for a wide range of materials, bonding mechanisms and applications.

VISCA, LLC
1115 East Whitcomb Ave.
Madison Heights, MI 48071
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 840-6575
Mr. Bill J. Harris
ARMY 04-256       Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Power Source for MEMS Packaging
Abstract:The objective of this Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program is to develop a methodology to use novel multi-power sources for heater-on-circuit and cooling-on-circuit techniques in MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) packaging. This concept of multi-power sources, which includes alternative current heating, and the heater-on-circuit are new in MEMS packaging. While most MEMS packaging processes are performed under global heating, a local heating technique is required and often critical to widen the packaging operation temperature window and protect temperature-sensitive circuits. Conversly micro heat pumpng technology is needed to remorve heat or creat a stable ambient. These problems are related and of current importants for a large number of MEMS systems from sensors to microfuel cells. The research of this SBIR Program into multi-power heating/cooling takes advantage of this and will overcome the limitations of each single power source, thus providing an opportunity to develop a general MEMS packaging technology and platform for a wide range of materials, bonding mechanisms and applications.

MTS TECHNOLOGIES
2800 Shirlington Road, Suite 1000
Arlington, VA 22206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 262-3717
Mr. Pete Knaze
ARMY 04-257       Awarded: 15DEC04
Title:Advanced Military Trailer Technology
Abstract:Traditionally, military wheeled trailer design and development has been approached on an as needed, system-by-system basis. This has resulted in a considerably large fleet of trailers that have very specific and narrowly defined missions. The solution is what MTS refers to as the Modular Reconfigurable Trailer System (MRTS). The MRTS is a conceptual design consisting of lightweight, high-strength, multi-mission, reconfigurable trailers. Investigation into mission modules, robotic technologies, lightweight/high-strength materials, advanced suspension systems, and power generation and storage will be preformed to create an MRTS design that is flexible and adaptive to the military's current and emerging transportation needs. MTS will concentrate its efforts on developing or identifying technologies that can make improvements in commonality, maintainability, sustainability, transportability, performance, deployment, and training. The MRTS design will aid in reducing the number of trailers and parts in the inventory; lower the cost of ownership, repairs, and maintenance; and improve the sustainability and mobility of military trailers.

CRYPTEK, INC.
1501-Moran Drive
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 434-2118
Mr. Edward Browdy
ARMY 04-258       Selected for Award
Title:Enhanced Access Control within a Pervasive Computing (PvC) Environment
Abstract:Secure methods that permit a warfighter to access multiple community-of-interest (COI) sites over a common networking infrastructure have not been developed in a cost-effective manner. Furthermore, implementing enhanced access controls over a pervasive computing (PvC) environment is lacking. This proposal will develop a systems architecture for the United States Army (USA) that will provide enhanced access control within a Pervasive Computing (PvC) environment. As such, the architecture will incorporate design goals of the Future Combat Systems (FCS) and Warfighter Information Network - Tactical (WIN-T) programs. The DoD Office of Transformation indicates that modern military components will need to be smaller, lighter, more agile, and quicker to deploy. The Office wants to (1) leverage information technology to connect troops and their operations, and (2) improve and protect information networks from attacks. A critical aspect of the transformation is the use of network-centric operations to send and receive information from multiple sources to multiple recipients in a timely and secure manner. Cryptek's DiamondTEK technology combines strong authentication with VPN technology in a centrally managed fashion to meet the security requirements of the Global Information Grid (GIG) DiamondTEK can protect site-to-site communities, server to client communities, or user-to-user communities depending on how policies are constructed. DiamondTEK users may possess multiple operational profiles and these profiles can be dynamically changed at the central manager. Additionally, sites and servers protected by DiamondTEK can be added or removed from a policy profile in a dynamic fashion. Policy profiles also define a community-of-interest (COI) association. A COI policy will enumerate which sites, servers, or users are permitted to join the COI. When policy changes occur, these changes are sent to the devices rather than waiting for the user or the device to retrieve them. Cryptek will complete the primary research for developing enhanced access controls (i.e., DiamondTEK) in a PvC environment for TACOM deployment. A systems architecture document will be produced after investigating US Army telecommunications protocols and applications needed to support TACOM requirements. The document will enumerate the protocols to be used, as well as, specify the needed interfaces between DiamondTEK and IBM WECM/WEA and will be completed in 6 months. The Phase I option will then investigate how the server access control devices can be placed in a mobile computing center; increasing future situational awareness for the warfighter in the battlefield. The Phase I option will be completed in 4 months.

DEFENSE LIFE SCIENCES, LLC
6832 Old Dominion Drive, Suite 206
McLean, VA 22101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 725-2482
Mr. Jerry B. Warner
ARMY 04-259       Awarded: 16DEC04
Title:Tactical Biorefineries
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to study then demonstrate the feasibility of converting military waste and locally available biomass into fuel in a division level encampment. The fuel produced would be used to power contiguous stationary devices such as mess burners, immersion heaters, generators, etc. This opportunity is presented as a product of recent advances in biotechnology, in particular our ability to engineer organisms and molecules to specific tasks, as well as improvements in biomass refinement, such as pyrolysis and gasification. During Phase I military context will be studied to determine the available material and energy flows. We will then identify the optimal candidate bioprocessing technologies and conduct preliminary bench- testing to create sufficient data to generate estimates of the energetics. Next, models of candidate biorefinery versions will be developed and used to evaluate candidate processes. Upon identification and down-selection of the best feasible version, bench- scale tests will be carried out utilizing field waste to produce the desired fuel for purposes of preliminary characterization of the design of a conceptual system. Our Phase I Option will consider the adoption of bio-based plastics and the results of our study will be captured in conceptual diagrams for phase II prototyping.

FOSTER-MILLER, INC.
350 Second Ave.
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 684-4181
Dr. Harris Gold
ARMY 04-259       Selected for Award
Title:Clean Burning Waste Gasifier to Produce Tar-Free Gas for Internal Combustion Engines
Abstract:Dependency on petroleum fuels represents a substantial portion of logistic burdens on a forward force. One possible remedy is the utilization of fuel sources available in the forward theatre. General wastes of deployment (i.e. packaging, food, scrap materials) and local biomass are two feedstocks having high fuel potential. In this Phase I SBIR program, Foster-Miller proposes the development of a clean-burning gasifier to supplement or sole-source fuel internal combustion engine-drive electrical generators. The Phase I program will culminate in thermal and chemical analyses of the representative feedstock upon gasification. In the Option program, the results of Phase I will be used to prepare preliminary designs for a gasification system capable of feeding clean burning gas to internal combustion engines. (P-040569)