---------- NAVY ----------

217 Phase I Selections from the 05.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
APPLIED SCIENCES, INC.
141 W. Xenia Ave., PO Box 579
Cedarville, OH 45314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 766-2020
Dr. Ronald L. Jacobsen
NAVY 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Metal Coated Carbon Nanofibers as Pyrophoric IR Countermeasures
Abstract:Infrared (IR) countermeasures to protect combatant aircraft now use pyrophoric metal foils to generate a decoy IR signature. These foils have a number of drawbacks, such as a limited and known signature that will eventually be defeated and a supply that comes from a non-competitive sole source. Also pyrophoric foils occasionally fail to ignite at high altitude. This project will develop a family of novel metal coated carbon nanofibers (CNF) as an alternative IR pyrophoric material. Vapor phase nickel coated CNF have been observed to be pyrophoric. Furthermore, there are now controlled methods for submicron deposition of nickel and aluminum, which can react pyrophorically to form nickel aluminide. Refinement and characterization of these materials are all that is required to obtain a crucial second source of IR countermeasure material. It is anticipated that control of the coating thickness and content, as well as the IR absorbing and radiating properties of the host CNF will permit new methods of IR spectral control that can be exploited to maintain a renewable technological edge over IR seeker technology. Also, the CNF can be intercalated with an alkali metal as an initiator to ensure pyrophoric ignition under adverse conditions.

SIENNA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
19501 144th Avenue NE, Suite F-500
Woodinville, WA 98072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 485-7272
Dr. Ender Savrun
NAVY 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Ultraporous Reactive Materials for Smart Infrared Decoys
Abstract:This SBIR program will demonstrate the potential of magnetron sputtering to deposit pyrophoric thin film compositions with novel microstructures. Their extremely high surface area-to-volume ratios and their controllable chemical compositions make these thin film materials excellent candidates for "smart decoys" for infrared countermeasures. We will deposit such films on suitable substrates and measure their infrared emissions to demonstrate that their infrared output, burn duration, and spontaneous ignition characteristics match or exceed those of current materials.

REYNARD CORP.
1020 Calle Sombra
San Clemente, CA 92673
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 366-8866
Mr. Virgil Laul
NAVY 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Variable Neutral Density Filter
Abstract:A variable neutral density filter with a complex shape with a narrow varable attenuation area is described. This attenuator can be combined with a narrow bandpass filter on the back side to minimize space constrants.

RUGATE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
353 Christian Street
Oxford, CT 06478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 267-3153
Mr. Edward J. Gratrix
NAVY 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Variable Neutral Density Filter
Abstract:This program will develop a cost effective, highly repeatable process for fabricating spatially variable neutral density filters with very tight geometry. Three fabrication methods will be developed and evaluated. The first method consists of sputtering through a moving deposition mask. The mask is sheared relative to the part to achieve a rapid spatial change in optical density. The second method consists of sputtering through a lithographically patterned porous plate. The mask is vibrated at high frequency but low amplitude to produce a uniform distribution. The third method consists of shaping the sputtering target. Demonstration runs will be made in phase 1 to establish the process and verify run-to-run stability. Parts will be characterized using a high speed densitometer. It is anticipated that Phase 2 process development will incorporate aspects of all three methods to produce filters suitable for environmental and application testing.

ADVANCED CERAMICS RESEARCH, INC.
3292 E. Hemisphere Loop
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 573-6300
Dr. Bernard Zahuranec
NAVY 05-003      Selected for Award
Title:Shark-Inspired Underwater Sensors for Homing and Imaging
Abstract:This proposal in based upon the belief that the naturally occurring acute electrical sensitivity of marine sharks and rays used to navigate, orient, and detect food and objects can be replicated by man and possibly used for future underwater imaging and sensing capabilities. If developed, such a capability might allow for the detection of small, hostile submarines entering a seawater inlet, harbor or channel, or allow objects such as mines to be pinpointed in shallow waters where sonar imaging is severely compromised. Advanced Ceramics Research is involved in mission work providing unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) and related support equipment for Naval Special Clearance Team 1, who specializes in Littoral Combat operations. This work also includes extensive efforts to provide new surface and underwater based sensors that directly interact with small UAVs.

QUANTUM APPLIED SCIENCE & RESEARCH, INC.
5764 Pacific Center Blvd, Suite 107
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-0232
Dr. Andrew D. Hibbs
NAVY 05-003      Selected for Award
Title:Compact Integrated Electric Field Detection System for Underwater Objects
Abstract:There has been little use to date of electric (E) field sensors in DoD applications. However, as demonstrated by a well-adapted system such as the shark's, E-field sensing can be a very effective modality underwater, even in the very challenging littoral environment. Quantum Applied Science and Research, Inc. has a pioneered the development of a new class of E-field sensors and sensing systems for ground-based and airborne military applications. This technology utilizes capacitive (i.e. insulated) coupling to the E-field, which is particularly suited to operation underwater because it removes effects associated with water salinity and electrode degradation, and provides higher sensitivity. The program starting point is a new compact multiaxis E-field sensor system that has already been successfully flight-tested in the high noise, demanding environment of an aircraft wingpod. In the Phase I Program, we will define the system requirements, demonstrate performance of a conformal capacitive electrode at the 1 nV/Hz level in the laboratory, study further improvements, and produce a provisional system design that includes a very compact, low power, EM data processing system, recently delivered to another program. In the Phase I Option we will construct an improved preamplifier optimized for low noise performance underwater.

RD INSTRUMENTS
9855 Businesspark Ave.
San Deigo, CA 92131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 693-1178
Mr. Jerry Mullison
NAVY 05-003      Selected for Award
Title:Shark Weak Electromagnetic (EM) Field Detection for Moving Objects
Abstract:This Phase I proposal is to establish the feasibility of a covert/low-observable sensor system for detecting and classifying small, slow moving surface or subsurface bodies in coastal shallow water, bays, port areas, or waterways utilizing weak EM signals or field deviations. We explore the possibility of developing a platform-independent sensor to emulate the observed electric sense of sharks. The sensor will be capable of deployment on the ocean bottom, Type A Sonobuoy size floats, and on AUVs. Substantial work must be done to enhance existing laboratory facilities with equipment necessary to control the ambient electric field, and this work is split across Phase I and a Phase I Option request. The sharks themselves will be our initial guides into what is possible. We will quantify the shark's ability to detect nonelectrogenic objects in an applied electric field, and determine the extent to which we can emulate it with custom-built electrodes. Once feasibility is determined, we will propose a prototype sensor capable of deployment on a variety of COTS platforms for Phase II.

AEPTEC MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
700 King Farm Boulevard, Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6779
Mr. Willis Drake
NAVY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Wireless Airborne Data Recovery System
Abstract:With the advent of miniaturized electronics in airplane avionics and digital cockpits, the type and amount of data that can be recorded during an aircraft flight has increased dramatically. Data could include basic flight data, "weapon system" data (such as radar performance), or aircraft health monitoring and usage data (such as engine data or airframe stress and corrosion data). The ability to download data securely, wirelessly, with automatic or remote download control offers attractive advantages. The primary advantages afforded by radio frequency (RF) signaling are the drastic elimination of wire runs, underground conduits, and disruption of operations during installation, increased efficiency of data download, and reduced labor and safety risk to technical support personnel. This Phase I proposal will build upon the experience and results gained from 3eTI's Phase III shipboard implementations of secure wireless LAN's and secure wireless machinery monitoring and ITCN's Phase III airborne implementations of multiple stream, real-time, data monitoring and correlation to develop a concept design for a wireless data download from a T-45C Airborne Data Recorder (ADR) to a Ground Station. The design concept will be an innovative, integrated, secure wireless solution that is ready for prototyping in a Phase II demonstration.

AVIONICA, INC.
14380 S.W. 139 ct
Miami, FL 33186
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(786) 544-1137
Mr. Anthony Rios
NAVY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Wireless Airborne Data Recovery System
Abstract:Avionica's proposed design solution is a compact solid state wireless data transfer system that functions as a passive aircraft device and employs Mil Spec accepted triple DES secure encryption schemes to transfer the on-board aircraft data rapidly to ground centers for analyses and training with no additional line service personnel workload. Avionica's innovation lies in a non-intrusive and low impact of insertion design that takes full advantage of cost effective and advanced emerging commercial wireless technology and standards.

MAYFLOWER COMMUNICATIONS CO., INC.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Dr. Triveni Upadhyay
NAVY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Robust Automated Platform for Information Download (RAPID) for Wireless Airborne Data Recovery
Abstract:Mayflower's RAPID (Robust Automated Platform for Information Download) proposal capitalizes on emerging wireless technologies to reduce the cost of downloading airborne recorder flight data. RAPID builds on our work for the Army on the MINT (Mobile Infostation Network Technology) program, and modifies it to address the Navy requirements of coverage up to 2000 ft at high data rates to support the 1553 data interface as well as the very high speed interfaces, such as IEEE 1394, on future military aircraft. An important Navy objective is low-cost, flight-worthy hardware that can be easily integrated with the onboard flight data recorder. RAPID proposes to enhance the IEEE 802.11a physical layer with smart antenna technologies and an optimized MAC layer to increase the range, robustness, and effective data rates, while retaining the cost advantage. RAPID is anticipated to sustain multiple high data rate links in the presence of high-powered jamming, over distances greater than possible with the baseline commercial technology. The Phase I feasibility study will demonstrate meeting the Navy objectives of low cost, low power consumption, non-interference with aircraft functionality, and an economy of rewiring. In the Phase II program, we will build a prototype RAPID and demonstrate its functionality.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Andrew Kostrzewski
NAVY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Wireless Flight Data Download System
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to design and develop the novel Wireless LINK (W-LINK) with all necessary interfaces between an aircraft and a ground station for data transfer from an aircraft immediately after a flight terminates. POC's proposed W-LINK system will integrate wireless communication hardware, software, and electronics, RF transceivers, high-speed data interfaces, and communication management software. We will design and evaluate all critical W-LINK components in the course of the six-month Phase I project, and combine them for a full-scale system demonstration by the end of Phase II. We anticipate a wireless transmission range between 1000 and 2000 ft., and a data rate of up to 400 Mbps for download of ~2 GB of flight data in <1 min. An important aspect of the Phase I work will be the security of the data transfer in compliance with FIPS 140-2.

ACUITY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3475 Edison Way , Bldg P
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 369-6783
Mr. Robert Clark
NAVY 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV)
Abstract:We propose to design an uninhabited aerial vehicle capable of being launched from the bomb bay or wing pylon of a P3 or other aircraft capable of carrying 500 pound stores. It would cruise at 60 to 85 knots with 10 hour endurance and 100 pound payload capacity. The design may be scaled up or down as required. We also propose to build a half scale flying prototype model using the design and construction techniques planned for the full scale UAV, and to flight test and wind tunnel test it in phase 1 and the phase 1 option. The WBBL UAV has a folding wing design in which the wings sweep back over the fuselage. The variable sweep also enables flight in wide speed range, allowing launch and rapid descending insertion into an area at up to 250 knots. Propulsion is via a ducted fan in a pusher configuration which provides a clear omnidirectional view for forward and downward looking sensors. Retractable landing gear may be fitted to enable recovery on a runway, land based testing, and other mission profiles. The form factor and aerodynamics of the stored configuration are similar to conventional P3 stores.

AEROVIRONMENT, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Avenue
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 581-2187
Mr. Carlos Miralles
NAVY 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV)
Abstract:The P-3 aircraft is required to fly multiple diverse missions, many of which could intrude into contested or hostile environments, jeopardizing the safety of the crew and aircraft. The aircraft can reduce this vulnerability by conducting its mission from high altitude and standoff range through the use of tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). AeroVironment proposes to leverage the X-Glider development effort to design a scaled, powered derivative of the X-Glider, dubbed X-Power, for sensor deployment and ISR missions. X-Power will be organic to the host aircraft, mounted directly in the bomb bay and/or wing pylon weapons mount. The UAV would have interchangeable modular payloads with sensor packages tailored for the specific mission. The UAVs could deploy sensors to a remote location, either autonomously, under manual control, or through a combination of autonomous and manual guidance, allowing the aircraft to maintain a safe distance. Real-time data link will enable the onboard sensor operator to quickly investigate, identify, and mark hostile vessels for interception or engagement while keeping the P-3 and crew out of harms way. Additionally, the use of UAVs would provide the capability to conduct operations simultaneously in multiple locations, greatly enhancing the operational effectiveness of the P-3 aircraft.

DEFENSE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
397 Little Neck Road, 3300 Building, Suite 301
Virginia Beach, VA 23452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 824-0199
Mr. Edgar Mueller
NAVY 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV)
Abstract:The Navy requires a way to assist the P-3 Community in fulfilling the objectives of a diverse set of missions. DTI and the Navy understands that a Wing and/or Bomb-Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is the solution. This concept would be useful, in many different scenarios, where interchangeable payloads are controlled by P-3 crewmembers. This concept would allow the P-3 aircraft and crew to remain at a safe altitude and range while successfully gathering sensor information and fulfilling the mission. The creation of this UAV, with its interchangeable payloads, would make it possible for it to be used on all P-3 aircraft due to the standardized bomb racks. Currently available sensors can fulfill these requirements, but there is currently no vehicle available that can be launched from either Wing or Bomb Bay. In Phase I of this SBIR, DTI and their Team will develop a design approach that will meet all requirements for a Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) UAV. In Phase II and III the DTI Team will develop and produce a UAV capable of being launched from a Navy P-3 Aircraft, and will be fully functioning semi-autonomous sensor platform.

PIASECKI AIRCRAFT CORP.
West Terminus of Second Street, P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Mr. Frederick W. Piasecki
NAVY 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV)
Abstract:An economical and expeditious way of incorporating a small tactical Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) to enhance the operational effectiveness and survivability/safety of the P-3C will be investigated. The WBBL-UAV will be capable of carrying interchangeable payloads which will be controllable by P-3C crew. To demonstrate this concept rapidly and cost effectively, an existing airborne weapon, the Titan AW700, will be converted to meet the WBBL-UAV requirements, including launch from universal bomb racks at speeds of 150-250 kts., an altitude range from 5-30,000 ft. with minimal impact on P-3C system safety, a range of >150 nm, endurance >6 hrs, slow speed (<100 kts) flight capability, and a <1,000 lbs gross weight. The design study will develop concepts for the launch rail adaptor, aerodynamic modifications to the wing to meet performance requirements, development of interchangeable payload ICD, and control system modifications for inflight launch and operator control. During the Phase I Option, the program key technical risk will be identified. A final report will be submitted summarizing the design approach and trade-offs accomplished to meet the Phase I objectives. The final configuration will be defined and the results of the mission capability analysis presented.

SWIFT ENGINEERING, INC.
1141 Via Callejon
San Clemente, CA 92673
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 492-6608
Mr. Mark Page
NAVY 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Wing and Bomb Bay Launched (WBBL) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV)
Abstract:Develop a small UAV launched from a wing station or the bomb bay and controlled from P-3 aircraft in direct support of Navy missions and exhibiting 'smart' behaviors. The goal of a `smart' UAV with enough autonomy to enable launch-and-forget behavior requires the tight functional integration of the airframe, airframe control, sensor operations, and exploitation and reasoning. Each of these affects the others in initial design (size, weight, performance) and in operational execution so it is essential that the system be designed as a whole.

DYNAMICS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
21311 Hawthorne Blvd., Suite 300
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-5433
Dr. Scott A. Grossman
NAVY 05-006      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Detection and Discrimination of Small Maritime Targets at High Altitude and Grazing Angle
Abstract:DTI proposes to build a piece of software called UAV-PET (UAV Performance Evaluation Tool) for efficient prediction of small target detection by radar in the maritime environment. We will leverage existing models and codes for state-of-the-art clutter modeling and surface signal and processing algorithms being developed in support of BAMS-UAV procurement. We will seek to make the models efficient for quick results, and will access them through a user-friendly interface. Initially, we will use this tool to efficiently explore a wider range of operational parameters than would be possible by existing computationally intensive codes. With appropriate code modularization, we also will be able to quickly assess the impact of model upgrades as they become available from the ongoing modeling effort in support of BAMS-UAV. In Phase 1, we will demonstrate feasibility by assembling an end-to-end computation for a single combination of platform, radar, environmental, and target parameters and processing scheme. We will plan for the user to be able modify all of these, including MMTI, SAR, and ISAR processing. This software also could be an aid to assess actual performance during BAMS-UAV testing, for operator training, and for characterizing MMA performance. This tool easily could be extended to ASW applications.

LAMBDA SCIENCE, INC.
P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 581-7940
Dr. Joseph G. Teti, Jr.
NAVY 05-006      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Detection and Discrimination of Small Maritime Targets at High Altitude and Grazing Angle
Abstract:Lambda Science's approach to radar detection and discrimination of small targets in high-altitude sea clutter is to utilize improved multi-scan processing algorithms that incorporate feature-aided multiple hypothesis tracking and real-time clutter modeling. A sophisticated multi-target track (MTT) picture, using interacting multiple model filtering, is augmented with extracted target features and sea-clutter predictions. In this way, candidate tracks are discriminated based on consistency with extracted features and predicted clutter in addition to track consistency. We call it "MTT&D instead of detect". Probabilistic data association is used to reduce complexity for near real-time operation.

RADIO-HYDRO-PHYSICS LLC
Route 1, Box 565
Middlebourne, WV 26149
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 324-4888
Dr. Andre Smirnov
NAVY 05-006      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Detection and Discrimination of Small Maritime Targets at High Altitude and Grazing Angle
Abstract:Data analysis, followed by system software and hardware design for a multi-frequency, amplitude modulated, polarimetric, digital radar sensor suite, which can be used to discriminate natural and anthropogenic, motion-induced perturbations to the aerosol layer above the ocean surface. In an option task, the radar design will be elaborated, and the radar will be fabricated, tested, and demonstrated in a potential Phase II follow-on.

JENTEK SENSORS, INC.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Mr. J. Timothy Lovett
NAVY 05-007      Selected for Award
Title:Aircraft Hydraulic Tubing Inspection Using Conformable Eddy Current Sensor
Abstract:Detection of shallow cracks and trenches (0.001 in. deep) in thin walled titanium hydraulic tubing is required. This is significantly beyond current NDI capabilities. The MWM-Array technology has demonstrated reliable detection of shallow cracks in titanium aircraft engine disks beyond conventional methods. This proposed Phase I SBIR will advance the MWM-Array sensor and measurement methods to provide enhanced sensitivity to small cracks and trenches sufficient to meet the stated requirements, using a multiple frequency, segmented field MWM-Array. This will enable detection of damage on both the I.D. and O.D. surfaces. The Phase I will focus on NDI advancement for I.D. damage, conceptual development of a rapid and portable scanner and generation of representative small crack specimens to support validation and adaptation of the NDI method. Crack specimens will be generated using JENTEK's proprietary surface mounted, fatigue monitoring MWM-Arrays developed in part under previous NAVAIR funding. The Phase I will also investigate the practical issues of scanning on the V-22 and in a manufacturing environment, including access issues, complex bends and interferences. Phase II will implement a field test prototype suitable for testing on actual V-22 hydraulic lines, while demonstrating capability on mock-ups with real crack specimens inserted at selected locations.

RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6935
Mr. Timothy C. Tiernan
NAVY 05-007      Selected for Award
Title:Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) of Small-Diameter Titanium Tubing
Abstract:New technology is needed for the nondestructive inspection (NDI) of microscopic defects in the thin-wall, titanium alloy hydraulic lines used on aircraft. Once mounted on an aircraft, these tubes are difficult to access externally, making inspection of the tube from the inside the most practical method for NDI. The Navy has identified a specific need for the NDI of titanium tubing with diameters ranging from 0.25 to 0.75 inches. The defects are micro-cracks with depth dimensions of 0.5 to 1.0 mils in tubing with wall thickness that is typically 22.5 mils. These defects are exceedingly small and will require new technology for dependable detection. RMD proposes a new inspection technology based on high resolution, 3-D imaging of magnetic fields induced in titanium tubing to locate and characterize microscopic defects. The proposed NDI system will use a new sensor technology to produce an advanced sensor array with minute elements measuring only 3 microns (0.1 mils). An array of microscopically small "zig-zag", magnetoresistive (MR) sensor elements will detect and map variations in induced magnetic fields caused by micro-cracks in titanium tubes measuring 0.5 mils. The proposed sensors have high bandwidth, >1 GHz, for exceptionally high speed scanning and inspection. The sensors are fabricated on silicon that is compatible with high volume, low cost production with integrated amplifiers and signal processing circuitry on the same chip. The technology can analyze and image defects in true 3-D. RMD has assembled a strong research team with substantial experience in sensor and instrumentation design and fabrication. Previous research by the PI and his collaborators has established a foundation for the development of the proposed new technology for NDI of microscopic defects.

NAVMAR APPLIED SCIENCES CORP.
65 West Street Road, Suite B-104
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
Dr. James F. McEachern
NAVY 05-008      Selected for Award
Title:Multiple Source Capable Miniature Directional Acoustic Receiver
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR proposal addresses the investigation and development of technologies to produce a viable design for a miniature sonobuoy, with extended bandwidth response to accommodate active sonar sources from all of the U.S. Navy's ASW platforms; fixed wing, rotary wing and surface ship. ONR developed single crystal technology transducers provide wide bandwidth directional acoustic response in a miniature form factor. Innovative miniature sonobuoy packaging concepts enable the development of suspension and surface float components suitable for packaging in the MJU-10 launcher. The effort includes required hydromechanical analysis and design to allow the buoy and sensor to function in the sea states and current profiles specified for sonobuoy operations. Dynamic range issues are addressed as a means of enabling innovative sonobuoy location techniques and direct blast processing to support environmental adaptation. Part of the dynamic range solution is achieved by the development of an innovative sonobuoy RF link. The products of the effort include an uplink concept that is available for immediate insertion into existing multistatic systems and an innovative, high dynamic range, more robust and power efficient uplink format that complies with net ready RF systems.

SEALANDAIRE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Mr. David C. Sparks
NAVY 05-008      Selected for Award
Title:Multiple Source Capable Miniature Directional Acoustic Receiver
Abstract:Due to the emerging threat of quiet diesel-electric submarines in the cluttered littoral environment, the Navy recognizes the need for an improved sensor system. Initial results from tests indicate that multistatic receivers used with high-power active sources can provide the enhanced performance necessary to operate in the unforgiving acoustic environment of littoral waters. The performance is further enhanced by increasing the local population of receivers, and by adding directional capability. By reducing the size of the individual directional receivers, an increased numbers of sensors can be deployed from the same delivery vehicle. SeaLandAire Technologies proposes to address this opportunity by partnering with Undersea Sensor Systems, Inc. (USSI) to develop a Miniature Directional Acoustic Receiver in an MJU-10 package (MDAR10). SeaLandAire and USSI both bring years of experience in sonobuoy development, packaging, and transition to production to this effort, which offers significant advantages to the Navy's interests - to implement successful hardware in the field in a timely manner. In addition, USSI also increases the validity of the proposed effort due to prior experience in the miniaturization of DIFAR transducer technology.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. James C. Withers
NAVY 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:The Development of an Alternative Material for Beryllium Copper
Abstract:Beryllium copper alloys are widely used in military aerospace applications because of the unique desirable properties imported by the beryllium alloying of copper. Because of the toxicity of beryllium and the health hazard it produces, beryllium usages is becoming quite restrictive and may be completely eliminated. In spite of previous development efforts no copper alloy has been developed which can match the properties of copper-beryllium (CuBe) alloys. This program will investigate three approaches which have not heretofore been investigated and which have a very high probability to produce a material which has properties equal or superior to CuBe and can serve as an alternative material. The three material compositions will be produced and fully characterized for high-load, stress and wear applications to permit selection of one composition for further optimization in the option periods and Phase II. The best Phase I material will be delivered to the Navy.

QUESTEK INNOVATIONS LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 328-5800
Dr. James A. Wright
NAVY 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Computational Materials Design of a High-Strength Copper Alloy for Replacing BeCu Alloys
Abstract:QuesTek Innovations is proposing to use its computational materials design technology to demonstrate the feasibility of improving the strength of beryllium-free copper alloys to create a non-toxic substitute for beryllium-copper (BeCu) alloys. Beryllium is a unique element used in various alloys that are indispensable in a wide range of demanding military and commercial applications. When used as an alloying element, Be dramatically affects the properties of several base metals. Due to their low inherent coefficient of sliding friction, high-strength BeCu alloys are widely used for load-bearing applications such as bushings. Cu with 1.9 wt% Be, designated as C17200, is a precipitation hardening alloy that achieves the highest strength in Cu-based alloys. However, the Federal government, through OSHA and the DHHS, has issued alerts to the potentially deadly consequences of exposure to beryllium and beryllium compounds. These health hazards have forced suppliers, manufacturers and end users away from using beryllium whenever possible, but for many applications, BeCu is currently the only suitable material. Based on the technical advances in the computational design of unique materials, this Phase I program will design and evaluate prototype beryllium-free high-strength, high-conductivity copper alloy for "drop-in" substitution of existing BeCu alloys.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Ms. Karin Karg
NAVY 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Fiber Reinforced Copper for Bushing Applications(1000-684)
Abstract:Triton's fiber reinforced copper composites (FRCC) offer performance benefits that match or exceed the properties of current beryllium-copper alloy components. The value to the Navy is further enhanced in that these composites can utilize different fiber reinforcement materials and preform architectures to effectively tune the desired properties of strength, conductivity, stiffness, elongation, weight and wear to meet the application requirements. During Phase I, Triton proposes to fabricate and test several material designs for tensile and compressive strength. The goal is to achieve a minimum of 180ksi with at least one of the formulations while maintaining the desired hardness, and fatigue life and thermal characteristics.

HYPER-THERM HIGH-TEMPERATURE COMPOSITES, INC.
18411 Gothard Street, Unit B
Huntington Beach, CA 92648
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 375-4085
Dr. Robert J. Shinavski
NAVY 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:Boron Nitride-Based Fiber Coatings for 3D Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Composites
Abstract:Hot structures fabricated from ceramic composites materials are being developed for future aerospace vehicles and propulsion systems to reduce weight and increase component lifetimes. Fabric-based ceramic composite components are vulnerable to delamination when the ceramic composite has a low through-thickness strength and is subjected to high through-thickness thermal gradients and/or normal loads. The objective of the proposed effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing an affordable fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composite material having a low dielectric constant and significantly improved interlaminar properties. Angle interlock fiber preforms will be utilized to improve the through-thickness strength characteristics of the ceramic composite. The functionality of low dielectric constant boron nitride-based fiber coatings will be demonstrated in these composites. A high strength, low dielectric silicon nitride matrix will also be demonstrated and compared to a Si-N-C matrix.

SYNTERIALS, INC.
318 Victory Drive
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-9310
Mr. Dan Petrak
NAVY 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:Efficient Low-Cost Interface Coatings for Three-Dimensional (3-D) Reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)
Abstract:Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) have shown promise for use in hot exhaust structures for turbines in high performance aircraft. However a life limiting failure mode for two types of CMCs with CG Nicalon reinforcement is a tendency to de-laminate during repetitive thermal and mechanical cycling. This behavior is related to low shear strength of the matrix, as there is no cross ply reinforcement in the 2D fiber architecture. The program is aimed at solving a major processing problem that is required to produce 3D architecture composites. The application of low oxygen containing BN-based interface coatings is required to be applied uniformly though out the woven preform. Synterials has developed a method to accomplish the coating process. Three types of fiber architectures will be coated and polymer derived matrix CMCs will be processed, to permit a test bed to determine the utility of 3D reinforcement to improve inter-laminar strengths without severely reducing in-plane tensile properties.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-3435
Dr. Steven Seghi
NAVY 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:Moisture Resistant BN Interface Coatings for 3D Ceramic Matrix Composites
Abstract:Technology Assessment and Transfer will develop a novel process for applying a well aligned, uniform, moisture resistant BN fiber interface (debond) coating for three dimensional (3-D) SiC fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). SiCf CMCs are bill of material (BOM) for selected sections of the turbine engine and exhaust systems for the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) with weight reduction as the ultimate goal. The demonstration of a hydrolytically stable BN fiber-matrix interface coating based on a novel borazine preceramic polymer infiltration approach will be completed.

INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC MACHINES
60 Fourth Avenue
Albany, NY 12202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 449-5504
Mr. Zack Mian
NAVY 05-011      Selected for Award
Title:Damage Tracking for Helicopters
Abstract:To permit more accurate gauging of the fatigue life of rotorcraft rotor assembly components, International Electronic Machines (IEM), a leader in rugged sensor design for safety and maintenance, proposes the design of the MEMS-based Integrated Strain Tracking System. Due to the small rotor component sizes and the necessity that the sensors not interfere with rotorcraft operation, some form of MEMS (Microelectromechanical systems) technology must be used. IEM will use an innovative ultraminiature RF passive/active tag approach which will remove the need for power sources on-board the sensors (power provided by interrogating transceivers). In Phase I, IEM, assisted by Dr. James Castracane of Albany Nanotech and by the Boeing Corporation's Rotorcraft Division, will: -Provide a basic operational design for MISTS -Evaluate MEMS strain sensing methods for this application -Select or design appropriate strain sensors, calibration sensors, and MEMS RFIT (Radio-frequency Information Transceiver) devices -Design an innovative Component Monitoring Tag (CMT) -Profile selected rotor components for their stress patterns to determine best sensor placement -Design and prototype the Sensor Interrogation Transceiver Units (SITUs) -Design the SAN (Sensor Area Network) and protocols for interrogation and data transfer -Demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of all subsystems in laboratory settings in preparation for Phase II.

MICROSTRAIN, INC.
310 Hurricane Lane, Suite 4
Williston, VT 05495
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 862-6629
Mr. Steven W. Arms
NAVY 05-011      Selected for Award
Title:Damage Tracking for Helicopters
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I SBIR proposal is to design and build energy harvesting wireless sensing systems suitable for use aboard Navy Helicopters. The program will begin with a survey of typical vibration data obtained during flight testing; these data will then be used to optimize our existing vibration energy harvesting wireless sensors (VEWS) for use on Navy helicopters. These software programmable systems will be designed to serve a range of vehicle health management functions, such as: embedded test & evaluation (ET&E), health usage monitoring (HUMS), and structural health monitoring (SHM). During Phase I, our wireless data logging transceiver nodes will be upgraded with improved software programmable sampling modes, including high sample rate "burst" modes and lower sample rate "periodic" modes. Improved, micro-power timing capabilities shall be developed to facilitate scheduled operations under conditions of very low vibration or rest. Prototype quantities of the enhanced Phase I nodes will be produced and tested under vibration and thermal conditions which mimic the helicopter environment. In Phase I Option period, we will enable advanced digital encryption. We will also collaborate with Goodrich to develop a VEWS specification for wireless interface to existing vehicle health management systems, and identify key transition opportunities.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Carole Teolis
NAVY 05-011      Selected for Award
Title:Self Powered, Wireless, Smart Sensor for Damage Monitoring
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop and fabricate a wireless self powered smart sensor to measure strain in dynamic components for Navy/Marine helicopters. The main objectives of the Phase I effort are to investigate the feasibility, affordability and applicability of a class of smart sensors that can be: (1) powered by energy harvested from the environment of the sensor, (2) operated wirelessly as part of an open, standards based network, and (3) packaged into an affordable unit for military and commercial applications. In order to avoid the maintenance overhead of post processing the Gigabytes of data that can easily be generated by monitoring systems, our smart sensor concept includes a wireless sensor module that is capable of recording and on-board processing of the collected data to generate key usage parameters sufficient to assess the health of the vehicle.

ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC.
4415 Euclid Avenue, Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Mr. Mike Willett
NAVY 05-012      Selected for Award
Title:Standardized High Temperature Actuator Interface
Abstract:Aircraft with sensors to monitor and actuators to control will benefit greatly from distributed electronic interface modules integrated close to the sensor or actuator. These benefits include improved performance and reliability as well as reduced total ownership cost and the ability to provide an open systems interface to a myriad of different actuators and sensors. The modules provide a digital interface, thereby improving noise immunity and system response. However, the use of distributed electronic interface modules is limited due to the extreme temperature environments the electronics must survive. Orbital Research Inc is proposing the development of a high temperature electronics module that will interface with many common actuators and sensors. The module will communicate on a standard data bus, (e.g.MIL-STD-1553). Operation will be guaranteed up to 400F, and will be implemented using an ASIC to reduce component count, increase reliability, and decrease cost. The Phase I program will develop and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed design and validate performance with laboratory testing. The Phase II effort will complete the engineering design and fabrication of the electronics interfaces and demonstrate effective performance on a variety of sensors and actuators at temperature readying the system for Phase III procurement.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Carole Teolis
NAVY 05-012      Selected for Award
Title:Generic Electronic Interface Module for High Temperature Actuators
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop and demonstrate an open systems solution to the problem of interfacing electronic controls to actuators in extreme environments in air vehicles. The main objectives of the Phase I effort is to develop and demonstrate the capabilities of a generic electronic interface module for actuators operating around 400 degrees F. In order to avoid the cost of developing a family of custom modules for interfacing with each type of actuator and sensor, our concept involves a generic module that can be reconfigured to interface with a large class of actuators and sensors using the available families of High Temperature electronic components.

INTELLIGENT FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS CORP.
650 Vaqueros Ave., Suite A
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8648
Dr. Behzad Moslehi
NAVY 05-013      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Level Secure High-Speed Fiber-Optic Data Bus
Abstract:IFOS will (1) develop integrated system components that provide low-cost, lightweight, robust, maintainable, flexible, high-speed, high-bandwidth, multi-level secure interconnectivity of aircraft avionic systems; (2) accommodate both deterministic/real-time and non-real-time legacy protocols and connectivity for data, streaming data, video, and imagery transfer; and (3) provide growth potential for future avionic systems and protocols.

RYDAL RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC.
1523 Noble Road
Rydal, PA 19046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 886-5678
Dr. Warren A. Rosen
NAVY 05-013      Selected for Award
Title:A High Performance Multi-Level Secure Fiberoptic Backbone for Next Generation Navy Aircraft
Abstract:Rydal Research proposes to develop and demonstrate a high performance hardware based multi-level secure fiberoptic backbone for next generation Navy aircraft. The network will be based on a high-performance COTS protocol. Multi-level security will be implemented by adding a "sensitivity field" to the Logical Layer header within the existing protocol. Packet filtering will be performed at the endpoints and switches, so that no single failure will result in classified data being revealed. Feasibility and performance will be demonstrated by fine-grain modeling and simulation. Key networking components including switches and interfaces to one or more legacy data buses will be designed and demonstrated in an FPGA environment. Timing results from the hardware synthesis and place-and-route for these key components will be used to achieve realistic performance predictions from the simulation models. In addition, an FPGA-based network prototype will be demonstrated in Phase I to verify simulation results. The components that will be developed in the Phase I effort together with Rydal's existing line of high-performance networking products will provide a full network solution that offers all the necessary building blocks needed to realize a complete system.

CG2, INC.
1525 Perimeter Parkway, Suite 325
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 361-9927
Mr. Todd Nordland
NAVY 05-014      Selected for Award
Title:New Weather Depiction Technology for Night Vision Goggle (NVG) Training
Abstract:The proposed effort will build upon CG2's current state-of-the-art technology in visual weather simulation to develop innovative solutions for sensor weather depiction relevant to the training mission for Navy aircrew, as well as for dismounted infantry, special operations, and other forces that employ Night Vision Goggles ("NVG") in the field. Natural weather effects such as clouds, fog, precipitation, haze and turbulence will be studied. The proposed effort also will include man-made atmospheric phenomena such as engine exhaust, smoke plumes and rotor-wash in the list of "weather depiction" enhancements. Simulation, stimulation, and an innovative "simulation-aided stimulation" system architectures are proposed for the study. The proposed technology envisioned in the study will be relevant to terrain board NVG stimulation training, as well as PC-based computer-graphics-based simulation and stimulation systems. Both physics-based atmospheric radiometric weather modeling, and rendering-technique-based weather depiction, will be included in the study. A cycle of analysis, survey, design, demonstration and subsequent refinement is proposed. Compatibility of the study with existing Navy courseware, media, and training materials will be maintained.

ONTAR CORP.
9 Village Way
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-9622
Dr. John Schroeder
NAVY 05-014      Selected for Award
Title:New Weather Depiction Technology for Night Vision Goggle (NVG) Training
Abstract:American warfighters must use, and be properly trained in the use of, night vision goggles to maintain our superiority in the modern battlefield. The training must be for realistic weather conditions encountered in the battlefield. The system currently used to insert weather effects into the NVG training and has limited capabilities. The proposed system will overcome the limitations of the current system. Specifically the system we propose will: 1. have highly realistic, radiometrically accurate weather and atmospheric effects; 2. include a comprehensive library of weather effects; 3. allow every trainee to simultaneously use the system and be highly mobile. To meet the program objectives Ontar will combine recognized state of the art atmospheric and weather computer simulation models with continually variable "weather injection" technology to develop the Night Vision Goggle - Weather Prediction Technology (NVG- WPT) system. At the conclusion of Phase I (and the Phase I option period) we will deliver to the USN/USMC a demonstration system (software and hardware) that meets these objectives.

EPOCH ENGINEERING, INC.
615 South Frederick Avenue, Suite 305
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6600
Mr. Martin Karchnak
NAVY 05-015      Selected for Award
Title:Aircraft High-Power Semiconductor Line Contactors
Abstract:Power distribution in legacy systems, including aircraft, has been implemented employing electro-mechanical switching. Advances in technology that enable use of flightworthy, high power, solid state switch technology to replace electro-mechanical power line contactors are available. This development is focused upon an innovative replacement that not only is `form, fit and functionally' acceptable, but that also provides meaningful improvements in critical areas such as switching time, reliability and fault measurement. `Millisecond' switching times provide an example of changing (i.e. more demanding) requirements; increased mean time between failures (MTBFs) and an improved fault assessment capability provide examples of changes that are operationally and programatically desirable. In particular, this effort establishes the feasibility of a recommended design for an aircraft high power distribution system that would enable the introduction of quick, reliable, lightweight semiconductor power line contactors capable of delivering three-phase, 115 volt, 260 amp electrical power with the ability to transfer power between the main busses within milliseconds while simultaneously detecting power source failure. Detailed development and demonstration plans for the selected aircraft high power semiconductor power distribution system are also provided.

HIGHER POWER ENGINEERING
738 Archie Whitesides Road, Suite 100
Gastonia, NC 28052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 868-9797
Mr. Ronald Cooper
NAVY 05-015      Selected for Award
Title:Aircraft High-Power Semiconductor Line Contactors
Abstract:Proposal to access modification of current static transfer switch (STS) product technology for military aircraft operation. High-speed STS in the 120/208 voltage range have been available for government use for several years. However these 60Hz switches will require significant control and packaging modifications for military aircraft installation. Higher Power Engineering (HPE) has significant experience working with STS units which are installed at every FAA Air Routing Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) throughout the US. HPE proposes to investigate current design technology and establish the feasibility of modification/redesign of these specialized products to meet or exceed the topic needs. HPE will work with several manufactures to determine the magnitude of modifications needed and technical risk involved to package these units for aircraft installation. Through contacts with DoD engineers a specification will be developed which shall be used as a foundation for the proposed investigation. This effort will establish a clear path of the engineering, assembly, and testing process that would take place under Phase II. By utilizing current product technology as the foundation of the Topic, effort total project cost will be decreased while technical risk nearly eliminated.

DATA FUSION CORP.
10190 Bannock Street, Suite 246
Northglenn, CO 80260
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 872-2145
Dr. Wolfgang Kober
NAVY 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Multiscan Processing Algorithm Improvement
Abstract:Data Fusion Corporation (DFC) and Lockheed-Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors-Tactical Systems propose the development and synthesis of algorithmic methods for new radar signal preprocessing, and clutter identification and rejection algorithms that increase the number of non-clutter measurements available for local active sensor tracking of maneuvering targets, while reducing the probability of false detections.

HUMAN ELECTRONICS, INC.
155 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 724-9850
Mr. Philip Szeliga
NAVY 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Multiscan Processing Algorithm Improvement
Abstract:Many time critical data processors use simple and computationally inexpensive, but highly suboptimal, prefilters to separate relevant from irrelevant data. Many of these approaches were traditionally driven by lack of processing resources. For example, radars that operate in dense or high clutter environments must separate legitimate potentially maneuvering target reflections from background noise. A common technique for separating clutter from target reflections is to preprocess the radar data by finding sequences of returns across multiple scans or detection frames that appear to come from a moving, but non-accelerating, target. Radar measurements that pass these multiple scan tests are then passed to the main tracking algorithm; those that do not are identified as clutter. We propose to develop new radar signal preprocessing, and clutter identification and rejection algorithms that increase the number of nonclutter measurements available for local active sensor tracking of maneuvering targets, while reducing the probability of false detections. We aim to utilize modern FPGA's to implement neural network processing elements to process multiple parameters of raw radar detections in a way that greatly reduces the effects of a wide beamwidth, high sidelobe antennas (i.e. E2C AEW radar). Additionally, we will leverage the curve fitting capabilities of neural networks to determine if a non-correlated new hit could possibly obey the maximum dynamic turn radius at the target velocity and treat it as a maneuvering target.

NUMERICA CORP.
PO Box 271246
Ft. Collins, CO 80527
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 419-8343
Dr. Benjamin Slocumb
NAVY 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:Standalone Multiscan Pre-Filter System for Radar Data
Abstract:A key algorithm component in surveillance radar tracking systems (e.g., the E-2C) is the multiscan pre-filter that passes measurements to the tracker that are potentially from targets, while removing those originating from clutter. Since this algorithm determines feasible associations, it must not rule out those from targets; otherwise track breaks and swaps will result. At the same time, the algorithm must remove as much clutter as possible to prevent tracking system overload. To address Navy needs, Numerica proposes to develop a standalone suite of gating techniques (i.e., multiscan pre-filter algorithms) based on the successful routines that Numerica developed for the AWACS platform and other sensors over the last 15 years. This standalone suite will incorporate a series of gates that start with coarse, cheap tests and resolve to finer, more expensive tests. Through this sequential process, the goals of efficiency and appropriate tests for maneuvering targets can be provided. A novel advancement in this proposed program is modification of gating methods to incorporate range-rate and non-kinematic feature information. In addition, the suite of gating algorithms will be integrated into a standalone data structure software system; only through such an integration can the necessary efficiency of the system be realized.

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF VIRTUAL ORG., INC.
DBA, IAVO Research and Scientific, 1010 Gloria Ave
Durham, NC 27701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 433-2400
Dr. Brian Pinette
NAVY 05-017      Selected for Award
Title:Automatic Three-Dimensional (3-D) Target Template Generation
Abstract:The US Navy seeks improved capabilities to generate automatically 3-D target template data in support of the Tomahawk Cruise Missile Program. Our collective approach herein is divided between: (1) feature generation using enhancements to the IAVO TrueDEM DEM extraction tool and (2) a new high-level system called TrueTemplate that automatically builds 3-D target templates from the TrueDEM feature sets and any available a-priori knowledge about the targets and/or environment. Of prime importance for an automated solution are: - A capability to define man-made structural objects and connect these accurately to a ground DEM; - A capability to create a template with few false points; - A capability to infer building material(s) as per the modeling output; - A method for quantifying the reliability of the output; and - Emphasis on leveraging existing capabilities from both Government and Commercial off-the-shelf packages whenever possible. These 3-D data are critical for missile support; and this includes generation of reference content as well as advanced target and site modeling. Generally, commercial and DoD 3-D marketplaces are demanding robust modeling solutions of this type, which suggests an eventual commercialized solution should do well within the spirit and intent of the SBIR program.

SIMWRIGHT, INC.
PO Box 5370
Navarre, FL 32566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 882-9144
Mr. Eric Lester
NAVY 05-017      Selected for Award
Title:Automatic Three-Dimensional (3-D) Target Template Generation
Abstract:Developments in cultural feature extraction have resulted in a number of disparate processes some based primarily on photogrammetric approaches and some based primarily on image processing approaches. Almost all the practical implementations to date have resulted in tools that assist an operator in feature extraction but are not fully automatic. A major shortcoming in these systems is the ability to reliably extract bare earth digital elevation models. Largely lacking from prior efforts are methods of utilizing other geospatially referenced data and data components to draw inferences about photogrammetrically derived elevation data. The proposed research explores iterative extraction processes that use the output of previous processing to filter subsequent results. The approach envisioned is similar to Kalman filtering used for calculating positions. In most positioning applications, both system error and geometric dilution of precision can affect the accuracy of the position. Kalman filters use iterative processing to define exclusion areas, i.e. areas where the target cannot be located. Eventually the position solution converges on the true position. The solution is found by using context cues of where the target cannot be. A similar exclusionary process could be implemented by iteratively classifying extracted coplanar features as exclusion areas from determining ground level.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Sergey Sandormirsky
NAVY 05-018      Selected for Award
Title:Stereo Multispectral Image Analyst Assistance
Abstract:To address the Navy need for visualization techniques to assist image analysts in screening and exploring multispectral and hyperspectral imaging data acquired from airborne platforms, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Stereo Multispectral Image Analyst Assistance (SMIAA). This proposed system for man-in-the-loop interactive visual analysis of multispectral and hyperspectral aerial imagery is based on parallel analysis of spatially overlapped (stereo pairs) multispectral images in geographical space and feature space. The SMIAA will, for the first time, offer an image analyst a new, convenient interactive tool for target selection and classification as well as feature extraction through a stereo-multispectral representation of objects of interest. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SMIAA by detecting a target in simulated multi/hyperspectral imaging data with a prototype unit and will compare the results with spectrally matched filtering. In Phase II a fully developed SMIAA software plug-in utility will be completed and tested on real objects, with emphasis on task-oriented applications. POC will also explore opportunities for SMIAA implementation on a POC 3D display.

TECHNICAL RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
P.O. Box 9499
San Diego, CA 92169
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 539-0912
Dr. Edwin M. Winter
NAVY 05-018      Selected for Award
Title:Visualization Techniques for Multi- and Hyperspectral Imagery Exploitation
Abstract:Hyperspectral and multi-spectral sensors are assuming a greater role in all aspects of military surveillance and intelligence. While many excellent packages exist for analyzing this data, there has been minimal progress made towards the development of techniques that focus on supporting/aiding the hyperspectral imagery analyst in procedures for semi-automatic extraction of targets. Imagery analyst often rely on scene context to aid in identification of targets, and the identification of scene elements such as road surface, vegetation, building materials, etc. is not a part of target detection software. There is a major divide between scene classification techniques that are developed for terrain classification and target detection algorithms that are often developed for real-time sensors. We propose to develop a software environment that will provide both advanced target detection capability as well as the ability to use scene classification to determine the context of the target.

ATEL, LLC
87 Stanley Road
Swampscott, MA 01907
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 842-3300
Dr. Yakov E. Cherner
NAVY 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:Project SimBOLTIC - Simulation-based Online Learning and Training Interactive Courseware
Abstract:Today's military and commercial training programs for technical workforces lack effective online courseware, which would seamlessly link high quality physical phenomenon visualization software with interactive instruction and assessment, and would be grounded on cognitive theories of how people, particularly adults, learn. To make the design of such courseware cost effective and attainable for a wide range of developers and even instructors, a comprehensive template of interactive courseware with embedded instructional guidance and complementary tools is required. The project SimBOLTIC (Simulation-based Online Learning and Training Interactive Courseware) will develop and test an interactive courseware (ICW) prototype and tools that will assist designers in producing highly effective and pedagogically sound interactive multimedia instructions (IMI) for learning maintenance knowledge, skills and abilities. This ICW prototype will have an open-ended and flexible SCORM-compliant architecture and will incorporate the latest findings in cognitive science. It will include interactive software that employs various forms of visualization of maintenance related physical processes and phenomena mapped to diverse instructional methods. In addition, the project will produce detailed supporting guidance, patterns and easy-to-use tools that extend the circle of instructional designers and developers who are capable of creating highly effective ICW. The tools and embedded guidance will enable instructors who lack programming skills to alter and assemble their IMI using pre-built reusable parts and components. Phase I will focus on proving the feasibility of and developing a design concept of ICW prototype and supporting guidelines for developers. The concept and specifications for ICW, guidance and tools will be discussed with leading cognitive scientists, military and corporate technical training experts and practitioners. Based upon the concept and specifications, the ICW prototype with embedded guidance and tools will be built, tested and evaluated during Phase II.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5260
Dr. Jaqueline Haynes
NAVY 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:The Visualization Training Assistant
Abstract:As computer capabilities to generate visualization grow and research-based findings on instructionally effective visualizations grow, designers of instruction will find it difficult to keep up with best practices in applying appropriate and effective visualization techniques. Hence, the Visualization Training Assistant (VisTrAs) will be developed by Intelligent Automation Inc. to (a) deliver guidance in creating effective visualizations for training, (b) provide libraries of components with the capability to present effective visualizations, and (c) assist in embedding the objects in instruction using common instructional authorware. VisTrAs will use a case-based reasoning shell to provide guidance. We will populate the knowledge base for the reasoning tool with best practices derived from a literature review and guided by a panel of experts with diverse backgrounds. The interface will be extensively tested for use by instructional designers; we will use those findings to ensure that our product meets users' needs and expectations. We will demonstrate that objects with effective visualization methods can be placed in a library, and then extracted and inserted into instruction by instructional designers using common authorware.

PLANET LLC
1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5555
Mr. Abe E. Megahed
NAVY 05-019      Selected for Award
Title:3D Tool for Physical Phenomenon Visualization in F-35 Maintainer Training
Abstract:Aircraft inspection and maintenance is dependent on seamless integration of human and machine components, but the underlying reasons for certain maintenance tasks can be difficult to translate in training terms. Planet LLC, along with its instructional systems design partner American Systems Corporation, proposes to create a tool to tackle physical force and natural phenomenon effects. This Phase I will result in a set of instructional training templates built to interface with existing and commonly used three-dimensional software built to reuse existing CAD data and models. The primary objective will be to add two modifiers for kinematics (the motion of a body or a system of bodies without consideration given to its mass or the forces acting on it) and dynamics (soft-body and rigid-body dynamics, free-form deformations, cloth, fluid dynamics, and other simulations taking into account natural forces such as wind, gravity, and density). The templates will show an instructional systems designer how to add these modifiers to 3D models or simulations, how to export the material out of a standard simulation program, and how to take the resulting platform-independent low-file size objects into web-based or standalone courseware, PowerPoint, electronic performance support systems, or displays within the aircraft system.

DISPLAYTECH, INC.
2602 Clover Basin Drive
Longmont, CO 80503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 772-2191
Dr. Mark A. Handschy
NAVY 05-020      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Helmet Display Electronics
Abstract:We propose development of innovative head-mounted display (HMD) imagers that combine a commercially-proven technology with performance characteristics that would let a single display product serve a wide range of military HMD applications. Our HMDs are based on low-voltage/fast-switching ferroelectric liquid crystal on silicon (FLCOS) display panels with LED illumination. This combination enables HMDs with the following distinguishing characteristics: (a) all-digital gray-scale with integrated drive electronics including programmable gamma control and refresh-free display of stored images and (b) ultra-high brightness up to 30,000 fL and beyond. These characteristics enable single-chip, low-power HMD image-generation systems in compact packages with few-wire cable interconnects. The Phase I effort will demonstrate an ultra-high brightness 1280 x 1024 full-color laboratory-prototype HMD. Through the design, fabrication, and characterization of a CMOS test chip, it will also prove the feasibility of an innovative all-digital gray-scale pixel architecture providing the foundation for one-chip HMDs with resolution roadmap driven by Moore's Law from 1280 ' 1024 to 2K ' 2K.

KOPIN CORP.
200 John Hancock Rd
Taunton, MA 02780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 824-6696
Dr. Frederick Herrmann
NAVY 05-020      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Helmet Display Electronics
Abstract:Kopin proposes to design and build an ultra-high resolution all-digital display suitable for head-mounted display applications in simulators and in aircraft. The display will have a resolution of 2K by 2K pixels (goal) to ensure the highest possible image quality in these applications. In addition, the display would be useful in solid-state night-vision goggles employing high-resolution sensors currently in development. The display will be monochrome, and will support use in an X-prism with R,G,B illumination sources and optics to generate an ultra-high resolution full-color image for real-time simulation of real world scenes. Specific display specifications will be established in Phase 1 with the Navy and with one or more US companies currently manufacturing simulators for DoD. Specific attention will be given to imaging system requirements for real-time simulation in monochrome and full color cockpit simulators.

FREEDOM PHOTONICS LLC
65 Willow Springs Lane Suite 204
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 680-2176
Dr. Jonathon Barton
NAVY 05-021      Selected for Award
Title:Field Portable, Low Cost, Fiber-Optic Reflectometer
Abstract:We propose to study the feasibility of a highly portable, inexpensive, photonic integrated circuit(PIC) based reflectometer that uses PICs packaged with ruggedized telecom techniques. The proposed reflectometer will be designed around a photonic engine module that contains 2 integrated widely-tunable lasers/transmitters on a single chip, based on the Sampled-Grating DBR laser, and additional reflectometer functions realized on another PIC chip. Both chips will be in the same module, separated by an optical isolator. Particular advantage of the proposed solution is its versatility, allowing different measurement techniques to be implemented with the same hardware. 2 tunable transmitters and the unique reflectometer PIC design allow for direct detection and coherent OTDR approaches to be implemented, as well as different frequency-modulated continuous wave techniques (CFMCW). We believe that these CFMCW techniques could provide a better overall solution to the problem with higher sensitivity and dynamic range. Comparison of the OTDR/CFMCW approaches will be performed in the Phase I of the project. Finally, the solution proposed will be compatible with the fiber optic transceiver built-in-test strategies. The tunable lasers to be part of the reflectometer photonic module could contain optical modulators and would be fully capable of high performance data transmission.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5229
Dr. Eric van Doorn
NAVY 05-021      Selected for Award
Title:A novel diagnostic system for inspection of fiber-optic cables
Abstract:In this proposal, we outline a novel Pseudo Random Binary Sequence (PRBS) approach for low cost, non-intrusive inspection of fiber optic cables. The approach incorporates non-complex mixed signal electronic and photonic components that can easily be implemented as an ASIC to achieve compactness and allow easy integration with a fiber-optic cable system. This approach has already been tested at IAI by developing compact hardware as a part of a project funded by the FAA. The basic principle underlying the approach is the cross correlation property of a PRBS injected into a fiber-optic cable with the ensued reflection due to a cut defect or the end of the cable. The correlation of the exact input with the return signal gives the impulse response of the circuit (cable). This impulse response completely characterizes the transfer function of the cable. The electronic and photonic components required to implement our approach are already available commercially. Our approach does not require any high speed digitization and solves the resolution and dead zone problem associated with OTDR methods. During Phase I, we will develop a stand-alone system for inspection of fiber-optic cables. We will also develop a system diagram for an ASIC implementation during Phase II.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Roger Duncan
NAVY 05-021      Selected for Award
Title:Compact, High-Resolution OFDR Unit For Aerospace Applications
Abstract:Short-length optical communications networks such as those employed on military aircraft are in need of frequent assessment of link health. Precise location and identification of cracks and breaks, as well as an accurate assessment of loss due to fiber bends, splices, and connectors, are critical to maintaining signal integrity along the link. Commercial OTDR units do not have the spatial resolution required for short-length network analysis; the resolution or dead zones of many OTDR units can equal total link lengths for aerospace applications. To address the diagnostic needs of short networks, Luna Innovations proposes to develop a compact, high-spatial resolution Optical Frequency Domain Reflectometer (OFDR). The OFDR unit will incorporate optical ASIC and compact, swept-frequency laser technology. During the phase I effort, an OFDR laboratory unit will be fabricated and tested to demonstrate the utility of the technique. During phase II, an optical ASIC incorporating the OFDR network will be fabricated. Specialized sampling and processing electronics will be developed and integrated with the laser and optical ASIC resulting in a compact, rugged, light weight OFDR unit with millimeter spatial resolution. This OFDR unit is expected to be completely compatible with 50-GHz, ITU-grid WDM systems.

SYNTONICS LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-0500
Mr. Bruce G. Montgomery
NAVY 05-021      Selected for Award
Title:Field Portable, Low Cost, Fiber-Optic Reflectometer
Abstract:Syntonics will develop an innovative instrument to perform optical time domain reflectometry using two existing, RF-oriented technologies: ultra wideband (UWB) radar and RF-over-fiber photonics. Both these technologies are available, making an inexpensive, battery-powered, high-resolution, hybrid OTDR practical. Our proposal describes the details of UWB radar and RF-over-fiber photonics and substantiates our view that the Navy's OTDR performance goals are obtainable. The proposed hybrid RF/optical approach addresses fundamental resolution, sensitivity and dead zone issues with current OTDRs.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5229
Dr. Eric van Doorn
NAVY 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Techniques for Electrical Wire Fault
Abstract:This proposal details a novel extension of Time Domain Reflectometry as applied to the detection and location of flaws in (aircraft) wiring systems. Our approach marries two methods commonly used for the inspection of conducting structures: TDR, and Eddy Current Testing (ECT). In many ways, TDR and ECT appear to be orthogonal methods. By combining them, key advantages of both (testing at distance for TDR, and sensitivity for ECT) are retained while avoiding some of their limitations. Our approach will not require the development of any new hardware. We will implement it on a low-cost version of TDR, which has been developed by IAI. Our TDR technology has already met several requirements in the solicitation: detection of insulation chafing, true one-sided access, and the ability to inspect active circuits.

LIVEWIRE TEST LABS, INC.
5330 South 900 East Suite 150
Salt Lake City, UT 84117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 293-8300
Dr. Paul Smith
NAVY 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Techniques for Electrical Wire Fault
Abstract:LiveWire Test Labs, Inc., in cooperation with the Center of Excellence for Smart Sensors at the University of Utah is working towards the full development of "smart connectors" and smart circuit breakers that can locate faults on live wires in flight. These faults are typically too small to locate on the ground or any time other than when they are an intermittent open or short circuit. One of the important challenges of testing live power distribution systems is the branched network problem, which creates overlapping reflections. We have determined that it is critical to have multiple sensors working simultaneously in most power distribution systems to determine which branch a fault is located on. The sensors must communicate between each other to better pinpoint the fault on the network, and we will be developing this capability for the spread spectrum time domain reflectometry (SSTDR) system. Work that is proposed for this project includes: development of software to locate faults with information from multiple sensors, development of a directional feed system, and combining communication with the sensing signals. This enhances the SSTDR test systems' ability to locate latent faults before they cause system failure.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Thomas Wavering
NAVY 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:3D Wire System Position and Condition Monitor
Abstract:The National Strategy for Aging Aircraft identifies major thrust areas that include: 1) Transitioning commercially developed products into an aviation environment, 2) Diagnostics/health monitoring systems, and 3) Wiring failure detection/condition monitoring. To address this need, Luna is developing a next generation 3D Wire System Position and Condition Monitor for precise 3D determination of wire system components' location (e.g. wires, harnesses, bundles) within the airframe, wire system damage, and conditions that lead to damage. This system enables 3D visualization of the installed wire system, monitoring for proper routing as part of installation and changes in routing associated with personnel, cargo and maintenance activity, and the development of truly interactive wire system diagram and analysis tools. The system will incorporate health monitoring with automated sensor validation, alarm generation and the capability to forecast degradation so users can react prior to system failure Luna's 3D Wire System Position and Condition Monitor will provide aircraft maintainers a critical tool to accelerate installation, testing, and maintenance of wire systems. This system will ultimately improve fleet readiness, reduce life cycle costs and enhance aircraft safety.

SOLERS CORP.
1611 N. Kent St., Suite 700
Arlington, VA 22209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 243-4711
Mr. Kevin Leonard
NAVY 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Techniques for Electrical Wire Fault
Abstract:Wiring integrity has become a very important issue in the safety of both military and civilian aircraft. As existing aircraft are being used past their designed lifetime and newer aircraft begin to rely more on fly-by-wire technology and avionics to control critical onboard systems, wire system safety is more important than ever. Coupled with rising costs at all maintenance levels and high profile commercial crashes such as TWA 800 and Swiss Air 111, advanced diagnostic and prognostic technologies are needed. Current reflectometry inspection methods are unable to effectively detect latent faults such as chafed and cracked insulation. However, this does not need to be the case. We propose here an advanced signal processing algorithm that combines wavelet analysis of recorded time domain reflectometry (TDR) signals with a new way of viewing the wavelet coefficients over time and scale that creates a fingerprint-like image of the inspected cable. Small latent flaws hidden in the raw TDR signal will show up in these new fingerprint-like images as discernable patterns, and thus can be detected and located either manually or automatically through intelligent user-friendly software.

AMERICAN TECHNICAL COATINGS, INC.
19915 Lake Road
Rocky River, OH 44116
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 333-1545
Mr. Charles Inglefield
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Ballistic Armor for Military Aircraft
Abstract:American Technical Coatings, Inc. (ATC) is in a unique position to assist the Navy in developing a new material for lightweight ballistic armor for military aircraft based on the following: (1)ATC has developed a unique, patented technology called Hotblox that is lighter weight than current ceramic armor materials including: silicon carbide, alumina, and boron carbide; (2)Hotblox can be easily injection or compression molded into complex shapes using ordinary thermoplastic molding equipment. The ease of manufacturing will reduce production cycles and reduce overall costs of armor parts; (3)The strength of green Hotblox may make it possible to use Hotblox in the green state, eliminating costly steps of firing and machining the ceramic pieces; (4)Hotblox has already displayed good potential as an armor material in the green state; (5) The Hotblox technology is compatible with a variety of ceramics. Using this technology, it is possible to mold layers of different ceramics into one piece in one molding step; (6)ATC has a working relationship with major defense contractors. These companies are familiar with Hotblox and support the develpment of the Hotblox technology for many applications in aerospace and defense.

EXCERA MATERIALS GROUP, INC.
1275 Kinnear Rd.
Columbus, OH 43212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 487-3689
Dr. Mark Carroll
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Ballistic Armor for Military Aircraft
Abstract:Excera Materials Group, Inc. has developed a novel material for hard ceramic armor strike faces -- ONNEX. This proven material has an unprecedented balance of low specific gravity, high hardness, elastic stiffness, and strength, and has passed Army specifications for lightweight body armor. As a result of these highly successful trials and demonstrated effectiveness, Excera is currently delivering on commercial orders for immediate use in hostile theaters. One of the important advantages of the Excera manufacturing approach is that has the requisite agility to form complex shapes or execute short production runs easily. This manufacturing advantage will be used to form complex multifunctional components that can be integrated into advanced structural designs, including aircraft seats, decks, and bulkheads, that provide significant ballistic protection with minimal compromises in weight over current structural components. The first phase of this program will design and ballistically validate effective armor system architectures that are comprised of ONNEX strike faces, high molecular weight polymer spall shields, and low-density metal foams to diffuse the shock to the impact zone. In the option period, complex shapes and structural components directly representative of aircraft seating will be produced and tested.

NANOLAB, INC.
55 Chapel St
Newton, MA 02458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 581-6747
Mr. Mark Koslowske
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Ballistic Armor for Military Aircraft
Abstract:Many Navy aircraft platforms face the compromise between complete crew protection and diminished mission capability. NanoLab proposes a novel, lightweight aircraft armor solution that is easily manufactured, repairable and cost competitive. This is accomplished using a composite approach to the ballistic strike material, in which ceramic spheres of boron carbide are arranged in a polymer matrix material. Boron carbide has been used in aircraft armor applications for over 4 decades due to its high strength to weight ratio, but it suffers from high cost and low repair-ability. In the Phase I effort, we will develop pressure-less sintering techniques to reduce the cost of this critical material, and incorporate it in a unique form that allows additional defeat mechanisms, mold-ability, and repair.

ROCKY RESEARCH
1598 Foothill Dr, PO Box 61800
Boulder City, NV 89006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 293-0851
Mr. Kaveh Khalili
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Composite Armor Material
Abstract:Rocky Research has developed a novel armor material (COMBAM) that provides lower cost and better performance than Kevlar. Preliminary samples show at least 15% mass savings compared to conventional ballistic armor, for protection against the same threat level. COMBAM also has enhanced ability for thermal / heat protection. Thermal energy absorption of the new armor is also much greater than other armor systems. Phase I work will include further optimization of the armor to provide protection against higher threat levels while maintaining or increasing the mass advantage. Optimization will include improvements in composition of matter, as well as integrating COMBAM material into more complex armor systems. Prior work at Rocky Research has shown COMBAM to be manufacturable by methods similar to other materials prepared in house. Low-cost semi-automatic manufacturability will be maintained as optimized systems are developed in Phase I. Phase I will include fabrication of samples for testing. Limited ballistics tests will be performed on COMBAM during Phase I at one or more protection levels. Verification of the ability to meet threat level(s) specified by the SBIR topic description in Phase I will provide a foundation for design and manufacture of optimized armor systems in Phase II.

SYSTEMS & MATERIALS RESERACH CONSULTANCY
19300 Crosswind Circle
Spicewood, TX 78669
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-0822
Dr. Alan V. Bray
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Ballistic Armor for Military Aircraft
Abstract:CBDO copolymers and nanocomposites are revolutionary transparent armor materials with higher notched Izod impact strength than any other polymer. CBDO copolymer and nanocomposite based aircraft armored transparencies will be lightweight, have superior anti-ballistic performance, and sell at commodity prices. Phase I armor laminates are to be made with CBDO based plies substituted for glass and polycarbonate/acrylic plies in currently fielded armor. Hard CBDO nanocomposites will replace face plies, and high impact CBDO copolymers will replace spall and intermediate plies. Phase I laminates will be used to demonstrate ballistic resistance to increasingly powerful weapon challenges in live fire tests building up to a 7.62 x 39 mm in the base period, and 7.62 x 51 mm in the option period. The net change in areal density for aircraft windows/windshields is expected to be 4 - 6 lbs./ft.2 for protection levels 1 and 2. Pilot production via OEM is identified and bids received for Phase II scale up. CBDO copolymer/nanocomposite armor resins in pelletized format - ready for sheet molding and armor laminate formation - are SMRC's product goal. Two transparent armor manufacturers and an aircraft transparency maker have signed on to help develop this new armor ply technology, providing test and aircraft integration expertise.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Dr. M. Dingus/Mr. J. Bulluck
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Ballistic Armor for Military Aircraft
Abstract:New lightweight armor materials are needed in order to provide adequate ballistic protection for military rotorcraft and their crew. Current armor plates have high aerial densities that add an unacceptable amount of weight to aircraft, reducing fuel efficiency and payload amounts. Texas Research Institute Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin) proposes a novel layered composite armor plating that will be configurable during manufacture for various levels of protection. The armor plates are interchangeable so that an aircraft can be fitted for a mission-specific protection level. The unique manufacturing process that is proposed will dramatically reduce the weight of the composite armor and also allow the panels to be molded to any defined shape for easy incorporation onto existing airframes. During Phase I, TRI/Austin will be teaming with a major aerospace contractor who will provide technical assistance and testing. Ballistics testing will be performed in accordance with MIL-STD-662. Various environmental tests will be conducted based on methods outlined in MIL-STD-810 to ensure that the composite armor will maintain its effectiveness under conditions representative of Naval service. The combination of new ballistic-protection materials and their production process will result in a lightweight, durable armor for military integration.

WRIGHT MATERIALS RESEARCH CO.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Dr. Seng C. Tan
NAVY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Hybrid Composite Armor for Navy Aircraft
Abstract:The versatility of military fixed and rotary wing aircraft has made them extremely important in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. However, their ability to operate at low altitudes makes them particularly vulnerable to small arms fire and shoulder-fired rockets. Because of operational requirements, they cannot afford to sacrifice much weight for crew protection. The currently used aircraft armor are either metal based, or a ceramic with a polymer backing. These materials must also be able to survive the harsh environment endured by carrier-based aircraft. All of the available armoring systems are currently too heavy to satisfy the needs of high-performance military aircraft. Additionally, these material systems only fulfill one of the aircraft's needs: ballistic protection. If the armor could replace structural components of an aircraft, the protection of the aircrew could be drastically increased, and the overall weight of the aircraft could be reduced. In this phase I research, we proposed to develop a family of lightweight foamed composites that have excellent ballistic protection and also the mechanical integrity to replace structural components of an aircraft. The proposed material can withstand the harsh environments of carrier-based aircraft, and will be able to stop the specified threats and the target weight goals. Preliminary results demonstrate our composites' unprecedented multi-hit capacity within a very small area or at the same spot, and the robust mechanical properties necessary to be used as a structural component.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-6273
Mr. Carl S. Byington, P.E.
NAVY 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Model-based Shaft-Coupling PHM using Accelerometers with GearModT-Shaft Processing
Abstract:Mechanical transmission couplings and shafts are used to transmit power in rotorcraft, Short Take-off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft, land, and marine propulsion systems. These components are susceptible to degradation and failure caused by extreme loads and temperatures, misalignment, and other secondary effects. Due to the critical nature of these components, regular and frequent inspections are often used to compliment statistical time based removal and offset risk. This results in large life cycle costs and reduced system availability. An on-board, real-time prognostic and health management (PHM) approach is proposed that will enable continuous monitoring of mechanical couplings and shafts to offset the shortcomings of traditional health management approaches. The proposed approach will utilize existing on-board PHM sensors (primarily accelerometers) to facilitate transition and enable easy integration of coupling PHM with other vibration monitored drive train components, such as gears and bearings, and reduce hardware complexity, signal processing and computational needs. These algorithms will be packaged as an embedded software module that can be fused with gear and bearing modules to provide a comprehensive PHM system for helicopter, STOVL and marine propulsion drive trains.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5248
Dr. Ravindra Patankar
NAVY 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Early Detection of Failure Precursors Using Symbolic Dynamics, Neural Networks, and Principal Component Analysis
Abstract:For early detection and monitoring of failure precursors in mechanical transmission couplings, we propose to develop signal processing capabilities that can map patterns in accelerometer data to an anomaly measure. Toward this end, Professor Asok Ray at Penn-State University has pioneered an elaborate mathematical theory based on symbolic time series analysis (STSA), statistical mechanics, and information theory. An anomaly detection algorithm is formulated by applying this novel STSA theory to create a robust statistical pattern recognition technique. For anomaly detection, this STSA technique has been shown to be superior to conventional pattern recognition techniques, such as artificial neural networks (ANN) and principal component analysis (PCA) because it exploits a common physical fact underling most anomalies which conventional techniques do not. This superiority has recently been demonstrated on electrical circuits, fatigue testing machines, and mechanical components undergoing fatigue due to vibrations. The research objectives are: (i) to develop a coupling model where gradually evolving damage phenomena can be introduced, (ii) to formulate and compare real-time algorithms for early detection and monitoring of failure precursors in model simulations based on three principal techniques and their variants - STSA, ANN, and PCA, and (iii) to demonstrate these algorithms on fatigue damage accumulating parts of a vibrating machine experiment.

ADHERENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
9621 Camino del Sol NE
Albuquerque, NM 87111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 346-1685
Dr. Ronald E. Allred
NAVY 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:Finishing Process to Improve Interfacial Bonding in SiC/BMI Composites
Abstract:High-temperature polymer matrix composites (PMCs) are desired for the aggressive environments encountered in many aerospace and military applications. These have required new blends of materials properties in the composite fiber and matrix. As polyimide resins have been improved, the thermo-oxidative stability (TOS) of the carbon fibers typically used as reinforcements have become a limiting factor for applications ranging from propulsion systems to structures for the orbiting space plane. Silicon carbide fibers provide a potentially attractive replacement for carbon fibers because of their higher thermal stability. Sizings for SiC fibers are not compatible with the new high-temperature matrix resins, which compromises composite properties. A need exists for a SiC fiber adhesion promoting finish that is compatible with high-temperature imide chemistries. Previous work has revealed chemistries that chemically bond to carbon fiber surfaces and high-temperature curing matrix resins. Composites fabricated with finishes based on these reactive coupling agent chemistries show substantially higher interface-dependent properties, TOS, and moisture resistance. The also function as weaving aids. Those chemistries will be modified to improve the interfacial bond between silicon carbide fibers and bismaleimide resins in the Phase I program. Results are expected to show that the modified reactive finishes allow control of interfacial adhesion in SiC/BMI composite systems that imparts superior interfacial strength and environmental durability.

FIBER MATERIALS, INC.
5 Morin Street
Biddeford, ME 04005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 282-5911
Dr. Alan D. Thomas
NAVY 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:Efficient Low-Cost Ceramic Grade Nicalon Textile Sizing for High-Temperature Polymer Matrix Composites
Abstract:High temperature polymer matrix composites (PMC's) offer significant advantages for military engine and airframe applications through reduced weight and improved stiffness over comparable metal components and structures. Sizing supplied on silcon carbide fiber is not thermally stable at high temperature matrix polymer processing temperatures. To manufacture aerospace quality components, sizing concepts need to be developed that improve the fiber handling for woven preforms and provide composites with maximum mechanical performance. This program will develop and demonstrate a water applied high temperature sizing material for silicon carbide fibers. The system will provide for ease of application, preform weaving efficiency and maximum composite performance.

HILL ENGINEERING, LLC
822 Linden Lane
Davis, CA 95616
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(530) 304-7296
Dr. Michael R. Hill
NAVY 05-026      Selected for Award
Title:Modeling capability for realizing engineered residual stress due to mechanical surface treatment
Abstract:Laser Peening (LP) and Low Plasticity Burnishing (LPB) are two recently emerging surface treatment technologies capable of introducing deep, near-surface residual stress. While judicious use of these treatments is often of significant benefit to structural component fatigue lives, no prediction model currently exists to help reduce the significant empirical burden generally associated with their implementation. This proposal outlines a methodology for developing a computational design tool for the implementation of LP and LPB. The introduction of residual stress is based on eigenstrain, embodied in a finite element context. Through superposition, the residual stress field and the reactionary stress field due to applied loading can be combined, offering valuable insight into the resultant stress field. Most importantly, the resultant stress field can be evaluated for detrimental tensile stress regions sometimes generated inadvertently in these deep surface treatments. Although the methodology is of a general nature, turbine engine blades are selected for a component-specific design in this study proposal. LP is applied to the leading edge of these blades to suppress crack growth due to Foreign Object Damage (FOD). The effect of LP on FOD-nucleated crack growth and the fatigue life of compensatory tensile stress regions are to be assessed and verified.

LAMBDA TECHNOLOGIES
5521 Fair Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 561-0883
Dr. Narayanan Jayaraman
NAVY 05-026      Selected for Award
Title:Design Tools for Fatigue Life Prediction in Surface Treated Aerospace Components
Abstract:Although surface treatments like low plasticity burnishing (LPB) and laser shock processing (LSP) impart deep compressive residual stresses that significantly improve damage tolerance, credit for the improved fatigue strength is not generally taken in design. The analytical tools needed to support taking design credit by predicting the fatigue life and optimizing the surface treatment process for the desired fatigue performance do not exist. The development of a suitable design tool is proposed that integrates the Fatigue Design Diagram (FDD) method developed at Lambda Research with FEA and LEFM analysis codes currently used in component design. The FDD is an extension of the Haigh or Goodman diagram in common use by designers, facilitating implementation and ease of use. Phase I will draw upon the extensive surface enhancement database available at Lambda Research for LPB and shot peening to test and demonstrate the feasibility of the FDD approach to predict the fatigue life of components for steels, Ti, Ni, and Al alloys damaged by corrosion, fretting and FOD. In Phase 2, FDD based design software tools will be created that interface with FEA codes currently used by designers. This comprehensive tool will allow the designer to predict fatigue life and distortion of components for a given combined residual and applied stress distribution, and to iteratively optimize residual stress distribution to achieve the desired fatigue life for a given failure mode and component geometry. Commercialization through licensed distribution of the software by FEA code providers will extend the technology to the aerospace, defense, automotive and general industrial markets.

RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, INC.
11772 Sorrento Valley Road, Suite 260
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 259-7541
Dr. Jalees Ahmad
NAVY 05-026      Selected for Award
Title:Design Tools for Fatigue Life Prediction in Surface Treated Aerospace Components
Abstract:A methodology and software for life prediction of surface treated components is sought to complement existing life prediction technology. An innovative approach with high probability of success is proposed. The proposed modeling framework is based on a recent promising approach developed by Research Applications, Inc. (RAI) that has captured the attention of several military aerospace and commercial heavy equipment manufacturers. In Phase I, RAI's mechanics based model and framework will be validated using test data on surface treated specimens of the titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V. The framework will be designed for further development in Phase II as a stand-alone software product for marketing to the commercial sector and as a plug-in to design codes used by the JSF Program and other Navy Prime Contractors. The proposed model will also benefit Navy's general prognostic methods developments related to structural health monitoring.

AGILTRON CORP.
220 Ballardvale St., Suite D
Wilmington, MA 01887
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 694-1006
Dr. Don McDaniel
NAVY 05-027      Selected for Award
Title:An Integratable Ultra-Compact Optical Sensor System for Situation Awareness and Aircraft Self-Protection
Abstract:The proposal addresses a new class of large field of view panoramic two color + RF sensor system that is based on a revolutionary concept in sensing optics, potentially providing all weather, all aspect, multi spectral threat warning system. The new design is a practical solution to incorporate uncooled IR detector and UV detector with existing RF warning sensors to significantly enhance situation awareness of aircrafts. Our approach offers all the desirable performance attributes in sensitivity, resolution, detection range, coverage area, accuracy, cost, and weight. The new approach is simple yet highly effective. The proposed system can instantaneously survey the full surrounding space without scanning mechanism, covering the area with the field of view 180 ' 360 FOV. In addition to the large angle of field view, the angle resolution of our system is adequate for detecting all type threat launch and trajectory tracking. Phase I work will demonstrate the feasibility and Phase II will produce the full specification-working prototype.

TEKLA RESEARCH, INC.
12531 Clipper Drive, Suite 202
Woodbridge, VA 22192
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 492-2620
Dr. David I. Bertocci
NAVY 05-027      Selected for Award
Title:Integrated Combined Sensor System for Situation Awareness and Aircraft Self-Protection
Abstract:Determine the technical feasability of combining both the RF and IR missile warning capability into a single sensor, using the same form and fit of the current RF sensors without changing the Group A. The SBIR includes an examination of the data flow lines to determine aceptance of both RF and IR data.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-6273
Mr. Carl S. Byington, P.E.
NAVY 05-028      Selected for Award
Title:False Alarm Mitigation Algorithm Suite, Design Guide, and Software Module
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in collaboration with our F-35 partners, proposes to adapt and demonstrate false alarm mitigation techniques for use in Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) development and verification software. The proposed work will utilize propulsion and drivetrain development data and models and ultimately feed a set of statistical analysis algorithms, a design guide for implementation, and a software module to perform the analysis and assist the developer and design agent. Specifically, the core innovations of this project include: 1) Identifying the technical and procedural sources of false alarms and data, models, and analysis techniques that will be used to mitigate those alarms; 2) Developing rate and time-based false alarm performance metrics for PHM systems; 3) Assessing best technical approaches for design of PHM using limited sources of fault data and physics-of-failure models; and 4) Producing a portable software module encapsulating the algorithms and statistical analysis package. This program impact is significant and entirely integral with the JSF PHM objectives including: mitigating both the military's and supplier's risk of high false alarm rates, enabling effective autonomic logistics and performance-based contractor logistics support contracts, and maximizing the life cycle cost benefits.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION CORP.
13029 Danielson Street, Suite 200
Poway, CA 92064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 679-4140
Dr. Joel Bock
NAVY 05-028      Selected for Award
Title:Development of False Alarm Mitigation Techniques
Abstract:An essential premise motivating the Joint Strike Fighter Prognostics and Health Management (JSF-PHM) approach is the capability of correctly detecting faults in components or subsystems. Whether a fault is declared according to time series recordings by monitored on-board sensors, or by sophisticated reasoning algorithms that recognize slow changes in behavior as a component degrades over time, fault detection must be performed correctly. Otherwise, failed components may not be replaced as necessary, or one may be unnecessarily serviced due to a false alarm. Both types error interfere with the attainment of AL objectives of minimizing aircraft support and logistics costs. JSF-PHM demands novel algorithmic methods to eliminate false alarms. This is a challenging task, since classification algorithms intended to detect anomalies (unrecognized faults) learn data probability distributions in known fault condition space. Extrapolation outside the training data is problematic; however this is exactly the region where anomalies are expected to occur. Faced with an anomalous condition, proper discrimination between "fault" and "no-fault" will determine the overall false alarm rate of the PHM system. This proposal describes a novel means to achieve a minimal false alarm rate at a given, fixed level of statistical confidence.

NOVA ENGINEERING, INC.
5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 554-2076
Mr. Chris Vander Valk
NAVY 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Low-Probability-of-Intercept/Low-Probability-of-Detection (LPI/LPD) Data Link
Abstract:The role of UAVs in reconnaissance and combat missions is expanding at a rapid rate. One of the key innovations offered by UAVs is the ability to extend the vision of ground units through remote imagery. UAVs also serve as an ideal platform for relaying communications between ground units, because of their wide line of sight. These applications require a radio aboard the UAV to establish a data link with ground units. The limited payload capability of many UAVs have typically resulted in the use of unsophisticated radio systems. Not only are current systems easy to intercept, they also serve as a beacon, divulging the presence and location of the UAV and ground units that are transmitting to it. We propose developing U-DAT, an LPI/LPD data link for use in small to medium size UAVs (such as Dragon Eye and Shadow). The proposed data link uses software defined radio techniques to offer a flexible solution that can be adapted as mission needs change. We will deliver a demonstration of the waveform and functional hardware in Phase I.

OPTEMAX, LLC
3277 Pine Orchard Lane, Suite 3
Ellicott City, MD 21042
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 461-7405
Mr. Tom Collier
NAVY 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Low-Probability-of-Intercept/Low-Probability-of-Detection (LPI/LPD) Data Link
Abstract:Optemax has developed proprietary secure mobile optical wireless technologies with inherent LPI/LPD data link capabilities, that would be ideally suited for tactical and unmanned aerial vehicles. Our research has been focused on beam to beam steering for tracking and communicating with moving objects, seamless interfaces from free space optics to a fiber optic infrastructure, pulse stretching to overcome atmospheric interferences, free space optical networking and quantum cryptography, all of which Optemax has branded "BeamNetTM ". These are are key components for utilization of the optical regime for mobile high speed free space optical communications. The BeamNet technologies promise to deliver up to a terabit per second communications to moving objects over a 10 - 15 KM range before needing repeaters. This speed is 18,000 times faster than Wi-Max (802.16), and significantly more secure due to its narrow beam width. However, Optemax also has obtained a patent on quantum cryptography that can be utilized in ultra-secure environments. Our Beamnet technologies also have a complementary satellite component which can be used in conjunction to the UAV/tactical products to transmit data security throughout all parts of the globe at unprecedented speeds.

TIME DOMAIN CORP.
7057 Old Madison Pike, Suite 250
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-6403
Mr. William Beeler
NAVY 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Low-Probability-of-Intercept/Low-Probability-of-Detection (LPI/LPD) Data Link
Abstract:Time Domain Corporation (TDC) proposes using an Ultra-wideband (UWB) communication system to provide a reliable 30 km RF link between an unmanned aerial vehicle and a ground station. Pseudo random flipped and time hopped codes provide a whitened pulse train with very low power spectral density (PSD). The PSD looks like Gaussian distributed noise to most narrowband low noise detection systems and would be very difficult to detect with wideband systems. The intended UWB receiver uses coherent integration to pull the signals out of the noise and to reconstruct and decode the information symbols. TDC has demonstrated several long range line of sight ground-to-ground links (approximately 15 km) using a high gain directional receive antenna, and shorter range LOS ground-to-UAV links (approximately 1 km) using very small omni-directional antennas and radiated effective isotropic power (E.I.R.P.) of 9.5 dBm = 9 mW. In Phase I, TDC will define requirements, build a demonstration platform, perform link budget analysis, conduct LPI/LPD analysis, and plan the prototype design. The program will determine feasibility of meeting size, weight, and power consumption requirements with UWB radios that provide sufficient data rate over a 30 km link.

ARGTEC, INC.
8640 Guilford Road, Suite 241
COLUMBIA, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 290-9891
Dr. Monndy Eshera
NAVY 05-030      Selected for Award
Title:All-Weather Feature-Based Combat Identification
Abstract:ARGTEC is leading the use of a new and innovative technology based on the theory of Attributed Relational Graph (ARG) in several application domains for robust feature-based target recognition and identification, data fusion, biometrics identification and content-based indexing and retrieval. We have achieved several breakthroughs in the development of this technology. Our ARG approach to Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS) has been tested on large fingerprint databases provided by the FBI and the British Home Office, it delivered > 99% identification accuracy and close to zero false alarm rate in real-time. In benchmarks conducted by the customer, it outperformed other competing approaches with a significant margin, especially when presented with partial and spurious information. We propose to develop and implement a hierarchical ARG approach for feature-based combat target identification from RF-imagery. We will expand the AFIS ARG technology to a hierarchical ARG scheme capable of processing SAR/ISAR imagery. We will show that the hierarchical ARG representation technique, coupled with our suites of inexact matching algorithms are especially effective for the challenging scenarios of obscured, occluded and reduced signature targets in background clutter, dispersed over large areas or nearly indiscernible from decoys or civilian targets. ARGTEC has been working with several industrial partners in both defense and commercial arenas. Our commercialization strategy lies in converting our algorithm research and development into system innovations, then teaming with large system integrators to infuse our technology nuggets into fielded, operational systems.

REFERENTIA SYSTEMS, INC.
550 Paiea Street , Suite #236
Honolulu, HI 96819
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 423-1900
David Parker
NAVY 05-030      Selected for Award
Title:All-Weather Feature-Based Combat Identification
Abstract:Referentia Systems Incorporated proposes a new and unique technology for real-time all-weather combat identification. The SBIR solicitation suggested a feature-based solution, but our technology delivers superior performance because it is not feature-based. Instead of using templates, and instead of extracting features from sensor data, Referentia's technology fits 3D models of objects directly to the sensor data, bypassing feature-extraction and all of its pitfalls, such as feature explosion in visually complicated scenes. After fitting known objects to the data, our technology can then perform the reverse operation: convert the remaining unfitted data to 3D models, for immediate classification by a human operator (e.g. friend/foe/neutral). It can then save new objects in a local or global knowledge base for immediate use by any linked systems. Our Phase I technical objectives are to research, implement, test, and demonstrate the core technologies needed to successfully complete the entire project.

SET ASSOC. CORP.
3811 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 350
Arlington, VA 22203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 738-6273
Dr. Bob Douglass
NAVY 05-030      Selected for Award
Title:All-Weather Feature-Based Combat Identification
Abstract:Developers of ATR systems for SAR imagery have begun exploring the use of features to reduce the computational complexity of pixel based pattern matching approaches, and to improve ATR performance in challenging target regimes. In addition, model based ATR approaches are emerging as a viable means of coping with the combinatorics of real world operating conditions. Rather than rely on massive databases of pre-stored, and often incomplete, signature exemplars, these approaches use target models and computational electromagnetic code to predict target signatures "on the fly." This effort will investigate the impact on model based ATR performance of various topographic SAR features. Experiments will be conducted under a range of realistic F-18 sensing, environment, and target conditions related to Combat ID missions. Optionally, the effort will design and deterministically assess the real-time processing performance of an F-18 model based SAR ATR system for implementation in Phase II.

VEXCEL CORP.
1690 38th Street
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 583-0258
Dr. Mark Tabb
NAVY 05-030      Selected for Award
Title:Real-time Model Based Target Recognition System
Abstract:Vexcel proposes to develop a model based automatic target recognition system capable of accurate, real-time recognition rates even in the presence of limited physical training data. Potential targets include any object for which accurate 3-D CAD models can be derived including, but not limited to: tanks, troop carriers, Humvees, aircraft carriers, frigates, etc. The proposed system is envisioned as a slimmed down, real-time version of the existing DARPA MSTAR ATR system, which is a feature based ATR approach that addresses the limited training data problem through the use of a Predict module which can produce expected SAR images given a target CAD model and a number of radar parameters. Features from expected images are then matched against features from the acquired image. Employing a proven ATR paradigm minimizes a substantial amount of risk, and also allows us to use the existing Predict module, as this would be impractical to develop during a Phase I feasibility study.

CROSSFIELD TECHNOLOGY LLC
4505 Spicewood Springs Road, Suite 360
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Mr. Dennis Ferguson
NAVY 05-031      Selected for Award
Title:ASIC Forensic Redesign
Abstract:Crossfield proposes an innovative forensic approach for re-engineering legacy devices based upon using a mechanical/ion-etch (dry etch) process to extract transistor and transistor interconnect data. This transistor netlist data is then fed through an extract program to establish a gate level netlist from the transistor and transistor interconnect database. The gate level netlist, together with a minimal set of electrical and functional knowledge supplied by the end user, is used with a novel standard cell library that can be "updated" to reflect a specific older process technology. The forensic process can be used on gate arrays as well as standard cell based ASICs.

JSI MICROELECTRONICS
4235 Forcum Ave., Suite 500
McClellan, CA 95652
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 648-2089
Mr. Adam Jachniewicz
NAVY 05-031      Selected for Award
Title:Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) Redesign Approach
Abstract:A three stage solution is proposed; 1.Preliminary Analysis, where each part has the die exposed and photographed to identify commonality at the macro level 2.Detailed Analysis,where the macro cell level schematics are developed. This stage also begins with process analysis steps with further photographs of the exposed die. Macro level (block diagram) schematics are constructed from the first pass with more detailed schematics extracted from the macro cells. Packaging options, e.g. combining functional designs on single die, are researched. 3.Design Fabrication, where the macro cells are developed. Timing and electrical models with cell data sheets are created. Once the initial environment is ready a detailed design begins. The macro cells are utilized for simulation and setup, standard cell libraries are utilized for RTL to Synthesis, Place and Route, and Static Timing Analysis. Finally the IC layout is routed followed by verification (DRC, LVS, ERC) and the output to a standard format file (GDSII). This unique method utilizes established commercial technologies and known cost saving approaches. By limiting the number of custom parts the average cost of the replacement part drops dramatically.

ADVANCED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
4 Raymond Ave, Suite #5
Salem, NH 03079
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 894-1402
Dr. Peter J. Kannam
NAVY 05-032      Selected for Award
Title:1024 x 1024 Snapshot Two-Color Infrared Focal Plane Array (FPA) for Air-to-Ground Applications
Abstract:Advanced Device Technology, Inc.(ADT) and the University of Iowa, Optical Science and Technology Center are pleased to respond to SBIR solicitation NO5-032 entitled " 1024 x 1024 Snapshot Two-Color Infrared Focal Plane Array for Air-to-Ground Applications". We propose to develop large format focal plane arrays on Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) material to improve the capability of Navy's Tactical Aircraft IR Targeting Systems. The key features of the project are:  Large Format LWR FPA. 1024 x 10-24 element focal plane array with pixel pitch = 19.5 um x 19.5 um is designed for LWIR (8-12 um) waveband. The detector array is integrated with an existing ROIC with snapshot integration capability (SBF: 178). This product will be developed during Phase II.  Co-located Dual Band (MWIR/LWIR) FPA. Co-located Dual Band (MWIR:3-5 um/LWIR:8-12 um) detector arrays is designed in three array formats: 1) 320 x 256 element with an existing snapshot ROIC (ISC 0006; pitch = 40um x 40um), 2) 640 x 512 element and 3) 1024 x 1024 element with a new snapshot ROIC ( pitch = 30 um x 30um). The Dual Band products will be developed during Phase III.  Simultaneous Imaging of Dual Band Signals with Snapshot ROICs. The design allows the detection of dual band signals in a simultaneous fashion during each frame with snapshot ROICs.  High Performance Detector Arrays on Type II Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS). High Performance Detector Arrays are fabricated on SLS material. The main advantages of SLS detectors are 1) higher performance due to lower dark current and longer minority carrier life time 2) higher operating temperature and 3) lower cost due to higher array uniformity and low cost large area substrate.  High Reliability Passivation Scheme. The detector array is fabricated with high reliability radiation-hard passivation scheme.  High Operating Temperature. The focal plane array can be operated at cryocooled (77K), thermo-electrically ( T.E.) cooled ( 160K-250K) and uncooled (300K) temperature levels. During Phase I, a trade study will be conducted to establish the optimum performance-temperature requirements of the Navy systems.  On-going Contract to Support the Proposed Project. The proposed product can be developed cost-effectively, since ADT is developing SLS products under an On-going DARPA/SMDC contract for a BAA solicitation. During Phase I, an analysis will be conducted on the Legacy Infrared System to determine its constraints for the two existing Navy Projects:1) Advanced Targeting FLIR for F/A-18 and 2) Lighting Pod for AV-8 Harrier. During Phase II, 1024 x 1024 element LWIR focal array will be fabricated with an existing snapshot ROIC (SBF 184) and the performance improvement will be demonstrated. During Phase III, LWIR focal plane array will be assembled in a dewar and integrated into a specific targeting pod with the necessary modifications for the optics and the electronics of the system. Also during Phase III, the Dual Band focal plane arrays in three array formats will be fabricated and assembled in a prototype dewar for a specific targeting pots. A preliminary evaluation of the performance of the system will be conducted under laboratory and flight conditions using Single Band and Dual Band focal plane arrays.

NOVASPECTRA, INC.
777 Silver Spur Road, Suite 112
Rolling Hills Estate, CA 90274
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 408-3225
Dr. William S. Chan
NAVY 05-032      Selected for Award
Title:1024x1024 Snapshot IR FPA for Air-to-Ground Applications
Abstract:We propose to develop a 1024x1024 infrared focal plane array (FPA) sensitive over the 3-12 micron spectrum, capable of a snapshot readout and compatible with legacy system optics for precision targeting. Its mega-pixel resolution images detailed target characteristics, its 3-12 micron coverage detects targets over a wide range of intensities, its snapshot readout provides high-fidelity images with reduce artifacts and its small pixel pitch makes it compatible with legacy system optics. Made with pixels of micro interferometers as the sensing elements, it's also capable of high sensitivity over the operating temperature range of 77K to 300K. It's fabricated entirely of silicon (Si) for robustness, reliability and producibility using commercial CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) foundries for production at low cost. Phase I will analyze and design the FPA structure and layout, delineate the processes for fabrication and fabricate a simple structure to demonstrate its fabricability. Phase II will fabricate the FPA and test it with supporting optics and electronics.

DAYTON AEROSPACE, INC.
4141 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 252
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(613) 271-1101
Mr. Louis Berube
NAVY 05-033      Selected for Award
Title:Extended Data Rate MIL-STD-1553 Databus
Abstract:The objective of the Topic Number N05-033 initiative is to utilize an existing high-performance hard real-time compatible Extended 1553 base design that can operate concurrently with legacy 1 Mbps Mil-Std-1553 (1553) digital traffic over legacy 1553 data bus (cables and coupler) media to provide an internetworking capability between Fibre Channel local area networks (LANs) or Ethernet LANs. The internetworking technology is necessary to enable Navy aircraft for Network-Centric Warfare. In addition, it benefits by adding bandwidth and thus increased functionality for other Navy applications which use the MIL-Std 1553 architecture now.

MODELWARE, INC.
10 Drs James Parker Blvd, Ste 105
Red Bank, NJ 07701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 936-1808
Mr. Anthony Dalleggio
NAVY 05-033      Selected for Award
Title:Extended Data Rate MIL-STD-1553 Databus
Abstract:This proposal presents a solution to extend the bandwidth of existing MIL-STD-1553 networks up to 200 Mbps and beyond. The proposed solution supports the coexistence of traditional 1553 signaling and high-speed signaling on the same medium. The underlying technology uses advanced signal processing techniques and a versatile protocol stack that supports enhanced 1553 applications as well as IP-based networking applications. This solution can be applied as a cost effective field upgrade to existing 1553-based systems such as the Navy's F/A-18F and other military aircraft.

SI2 TECHNOLOGIES
200 Turnpike Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 606-2601
Mr. Douglas Colvin
NAVY 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:Design and Manufacture of a Conformal, Low RCS, X-Band SATCOM Antenna System (1000-038)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes to develop a conformal low radar-cross-section (RCS) X-Band SATCOM antenna system that will enable high speed satellite communications between tactical aircraft, such as the F/A-18E/F, and new satellite systems such as XTAR. SI2's innovative antenna is conformal, exhibits low RCS and still overcomes the difficulties posed by the operating environment. The Phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed concept through extensive design, modeling, and simulation. During the Phase I Option, an antenna cell will be fabricated using SI2's state-of-the-art conformal electronics manufacturing techniques. The antenna will be tested to validate the design and demonstrate the benefits of the proposed approach. In Phase II, SI2's conformal low RCS X-Band SATCOM array will be manufactured, integrated within a representative structure and measured for performance.

THINKOM SOLUTIONS, INC.
3825 Del Amo Blvd., Suite 200
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 371-5486
Mr. William W. Milroy
NAVY 05-034      Selected for Award
Title:Affordable, High-Efficiency, Low-Profile VICTS X-Band Phased Array Antenna for Tactical Aircraft
Abstract:Navy tactical aircraft, (e.g. F/A-18, P-3, EA-6, V-22 and JSF) need high data rate (e.g. T1) over-the-horizon communications for rapid re-targeting, damage assessment reporting, on/off-board sensor fusion, and real-time mission critical communications. The new X-Band SATCOM system, XTAR, is being considered by DOD for such use due to the higher data rates it provides via smaller antennas. These small antenna systems need RHCP and LHCP, to transmit and receive (with sufficient T-R isolation), and 25dBic antenna directivity (or equivalent T/R capabilities) over nearly the entire upper hemisphere, requiring steerable transmit and receive beams. ThinKom will conducted research, trade studies and analysis on ThinKom's highly affordable Variable Inclination Continuous Transverse Stub (VICTS) phased array antenna technology and recommend suitable antenna systems for such tactical aircraft. ThinKom estimates small (approximately 13.5"), low profile (approximately 2") surface mounted VICTS antennas (or cavity mounted for LO) will provide the desired T/R performance up to 70 degrees off zenith. In addition, VICTS antenna systems are physically robust enough to withstand airborne environments, while using low-cost commercial materials and processes. Further, VICTS antenna systems, versus Actively Electronically Scanned Antennas, provide comparable performance with a 60%-70% smaller footprint and an 80%-90% lower cost.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
32 Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Dr. Mark Snyder
NAVY 05-035      Selected for Award
Title:Software Tool Development for Composite Airframe Durability Analysis
Abstract:KaZaK Composites proposes to combine several key developments from the DARPA Accelerated Insertion of Materials - Composites (AIM-C) program with a commercial nonlinear finite element code to realize (i) a robust methodology for evaluation of composite structure long-term durability; and (ii) software tools for predicting the onset of failure and tracking damage growth all the way to final failure. The developments from AIM-C will include strain invariant failure theory (SIFT), accelerated testing methodology (ATM), element failure method (EFM), and a software package for material durability evaluation. Phase I efforts will involve (i) extension of fundamental underlying principles governing composite material failure; (ii) initial software development, integration, and testing; (iii) demonstration of capability for predicting composite durability using a simple test specimen; (iv) start of planning for an extensive Phase II testing program to verify the software's predictive capabilities; and (v) a commercialization plan for software tools. This work will help shift current testing-intensive building block approach to airframe certification to one based on using verified analysis tools to perform "virtual" testing and simulation. KaZaK's team includes Professor Stephen Tsai of Stanford University. Professor Tsai is internationally recognized for his career-long contributions to the field of composite materials and structures.

RHOMBUS CONSULTANTS GROUP, INC.
1121 San Antonio Road, Suite B-100
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 691-1142
Dr. Charles Rankin
NAVY 05-035      Selected for Award
Title:Progressive Failure-Based Composite Durability Model
Abstract:The proposed program builds on prior development, implementation and validation of models for progressive failure of monotonically loaded composite structures to derive a durability model for predicting fatigue lifetime of composite structures. The durability model incorporates a model for fatigue damage accumulation in composites based on a generalized Paris' Law, and a composite residual-strength model based on progressive failure analysis methods. Finite-element models will be used in conjunction with coupon-level laboratory tests to calibrate fatigue- and residual-strength models with respect to material characteristics and definition of local load-intensity (stress- or strain intensity) and damage-accumulation functions. Several candidate composite strength models will be evaluated analytically to determine the best predictors of load intensity and damage accumulation to match damage growth measured under cyclic loadings. The product of the Phase I effort will be a unified model for composite durability analysis. This model will be refined and applied to analyze results of actual component durability tests in Phase II as a means to speed industrial application of the model.

PREMIER COATING SYSTEMS, INC.
205 Seven Doors Lane
St. Augustine, FL 32095
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(904) 268-4000
Mr. James Scaglione
NAVY 05-036      Awarded: 24MAR05
Title:Low VOC, Isocyanate Free Topcoat for Corrosion Control
Abstract:The Navy requires development of a Low VOC Topcoat to specify in UFGS-09971 for application to exterior steel structures as well as AST. Acrylics and Silanes or Silicone Modified Acrylics have many of the characteristics of this spray applied topcoat. Premier Coatings proposes to develop a high solids, high performance, environmentally compliant, maintenance topcoat. This coating will be chemically compatible with a variaty of primers and intermediate coats, have good gloss/UV resistance, be semi-flexible and perform to the requirements of MIL-PRF-85285D.

PREMIER COATING SYSTEMS, INC.
205 Seven Doors Lane
St. Augustine, FL 32095
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(904) 268-4000
Mr. James Scaglione
NAVY 05-037      Awarded: 24MAR05
Title:Low VOC, Zinc Rich Epoxy Primer for Corrosion Control
Abstract:The Navy requires development of a Low VOC Zinc Rich Epoxy Primer to specify in UFGS-09971 for application to properly prepared steel structures as well as AST. It is believed that metallic zinc in a 80% content in the dry film is required to achieve their goal. Premier Coatings proposes to develop a high solids, high performance, environmentally compliant (-0- 100 g/l), epoxy primer that will meet all the performance requirements of MIL-DTL-24441/19B, F159, Type III, using corrosion barrier pigmentation and additives other than Zinc. It is of our concern, that current and future environmental regulations may be adopted that will cause extreme expense in the removal of a zinc filled primer. We believe that sufficient technology exist today to move forward in the development of a product that will perform equally without the metallic zinc.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Kevin C. White
NAVY 05-038      Awarded: 28MAR05
Title:New Ferrocene Based Anticorrosion Formula for Concrete Steel Rebars
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the anticorrosion efficacy of a steel surface treatment based on a chemically bound ferrocene analog. The proposed ferrocene based surface treatment will limit corrosion rates on steel rebar in the aggressive sea-water saturated concrete pore space environment to 6.0 Ym/year, resulting in a rebar service lifetime greater than 30 years. The proposed surface treatment molecule will form a water insoluble, chelated monolayer when deposited from aqueous media. This electroactive coating will provide anti-corrosion protection by functioning as a hydrophobic barrier, acting as an organic corrosion inhibitor and raising the effective oxidation potential of the steel surface. The surface treatment will be deposited from a water based solvent and have applicability for on-site deposition. In Phase I PSI will demonstrate function of the anticorrosion surface treatment in controlled laboratory experiments. The Phase I Option effort will focus on demonstrating application and function of the anticorrosion surface treatment on actual rebar samples and initiate the transition to scale up and in situ testing in Phase II.

ATLANTEC ENTERPRISE SOLUTIONS, INC.
175 Admiral Cochrane Drive, Suite 400
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 897-9912
Mr. Patrick D. Cahill
NAVY 05-039      Awarded: 09MAY05
Title:CPC Part Design Class Development and Implementation
Abstract:The Common Parts Catalog Part Design Class will be a system neutral solution offering an internet accessible part design database that can be used with any one of the Common Parts Catalog solutions currently being offered to the shipbuilding community. Atlantec-es proposes to develop the taxonomy, data element dictionary and prototype database for the CPC Part Design Class. The approach is unique - rather than attempt to develop a "universal" standard, Atlantec-es will develop a "defacto" standard, which will be based on a combination of the xml standards developed to support the STEP application protocols and the actual attribute definitions and formats used by the leading ship design software systems.

FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
26 Castilian Drive, Suite B
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-3302
Mr. Sam Boykin
NAVY 05-039      Awarded: 09MAY05
Title:Technology for Shipbuilding Affordability
Abstract:This research project combines Frontier Technology, Inc. and Northrop Grumman Ship Systems together to develop an affordability analysis tool suite tailored for use on important design trades associated with Systems Support Technology Capabilities. The tool suite will be applicable to modifications, enhancements or new systems associated with any Navy ship systems. It will enable the program manager, technologist, analyst or system planner to conduct quick life-cycle cost evaluations while assessing the importance of mission capabilities to the surface warriors. This tool suite will ensure affordability considerations become a key element of the decision process for ship modifications. The tool suite integrates detailed cost models that are accepted standards within the USN and DoD. A GUI guides the user through detailed cost model interactions to provide quick and easy life-cycle cost estimates. A primary focus of this research is to identify, collect and organize data applicable to Navy ship systems and tailor the database structure for integration with accepted cost models used in the tool. The Phase I research will result in a prototype for use by the Navy and Northrop Grumman. The analyst feedback will be used to guide the potential Phase II development effort.

INDUSTRIAL PLANNING TECHNOLOGY, INC.
509 Twin Lakes Drive
Titusville, FL 32780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 895-1062
Dr. Patrick W. Rourke
NAVY 05-039      Awarded: 09MAY05
Title:Creating the Industry-Wide Virtual Pipe Shop with STEP Software
Abstract:Subcontracting between shipyards can reduce total construction costs through workload leveling and maximum use of available automated equipment Shipyards are subcontracting piping work now, but only using paper drawings, which adds substantial time delay, costs, and sources of error. For Naval vessels, piping represents more than 25% of ship construction costs. ISO STEP standards exist which can completely define the data needed to manufacture piping. Some CAD systems can export these STEP files now. The problem is that there is no software available for pipe shops to receive and make use of this data. Industrial Planning Technology proposes to solve this system support technology problem with a collection of software tools that: (1) Simplify and speed up pipe fabrication subcontracting by generating complete pipe shop ordering, estimating, scheduling, and control data from STEP piping files. (2) Provide complete high fidelity simulation checking of all pipe shop operations. (3) Add STEP piping import capability to an existing commercial pipe shop direct numerical control system. (4) Provide standard piping data export from the ShipConstructorT CAD package. (5) Provide a generic C++ toolkit to reduce the costs of constructing software that uses the STEP piping data format.

LIBERTY CONSULTING
11 Bush Hill Dr
Niantic, CT 06357
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 437-7416
Ms. Lisa McCabe
NAVY 05-039      Awarded: 09MAY05
Title:Open source tools to support ISE information interoperability for a Navy One-Shipyard information system
Abstract:This project will provide open source software tools to enable U.S. shipbuilders more easily and inexpensively to share design, build and support product model information among partners, the Navy customer and their own internal software systems. This project will develop software tools that support the information interoperability architecture and objectives of NSRP's Integrated Shipbuilding Environment (ISE) project. The ISE project has defined and is continuing to define the information requirements US Navy shipbuilding. The goal of the ISE project is to develop and publish a formal and unambiguous specification of the digitial product model for US Navy shipbuilding. This specification is comprised of a melding of the international standards for the definition of digital product model data (ISO-10303, also known as the STEP standard) with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standard for information representation, the eXtensible Markup Language (XML). Information interoperability, the mediated sharing of information among diverse software systems and applications, is a key enabler of the Navy's next-generation Integrated Development Environment (IDE) capability, which is the foundation of the Navy One-Shipyard vision.

RLW, INC.
2029 Cato Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-5122
Mr. Phil Sherlock
NAVY 05-039      Awarded: 09MAY05
Title:Condition-Based Maintenance Approach to Achieving Shipyard Emissions Compliance
Abstract:TBD

ANALYTIC POWER LLC
2-X Gill Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1333
Ms. Valerie Bloomfield
NAVY 05-040      Awarded: 03MAY05
Title:Hydrogen Separation from a Logistic-Fuel Reformate Stream
Abstract:Despite fifteen years of R&D, PEM fuel cell power plants have not been successfully deployed on naval vessels. The principal cause is the fuel processor, which must operate on diesel fuel with up to 1wt% sulfur, but provide pure hydrogen to a PEM fuel cell that is intolerant of impurities. The fuel processors must be small, efficient and inexpensive. These have been the Navy goals for as long as they have sponsored fuel cell development. Analytic's Clean Gas Reformer meets these requirements. The program objective is to build a reformer as insensitive to sulfur as the power plants currently used on ships. The internal hydrogen separation element is optimized by building on the work completed in previous SBIR and commercially funded reformer programs. while taking advantage of new technological advances. Hydrogen separation by a glass membrane will be measured and characterized. Finally, the ATR catalyst performance and stability on NATO F76 fuel will be proved. The program culminates with the preliminary design of the fuel processor to be built under Phase II.

CELLTECH POWER, INC.
131 Flanders Road
Westborough, MA 01581
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 898-2223
Mr. Reinder Boersma
NAVY 05-040      Awarded: 03MAY05
Title:Hydrogen Separation from a Logistic-Fuel Reformate Stream
Abstract:A two step reforming process for diesel type fuels with high sulfur content is proposed. In the first step the fuel is passed through an electric arc, as a result of which the fuel decomposes into mainly hydrogen carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and water. To prevent soot formation a certain amount of air is added to the fuel. The process is called plasma reforming, and has demonstrated high tolerance to sulfur. In the second step the fuel is passed over a dense membrane that has is conducting to oxygen ions and electrons. On the other side of the membrane steam with a small amount of hydrogen passes. Since both streams contain very small concentrations of oxygen, but the concentration on the hydrogen side can be 1000 times higher than on the reformate side, a gradient results that gives rise to a flow of oxygen ions through the membrane. The oxygen is removed from the steam and so hydrogen is left behind. Thus steam is dissociated electrochemically whereby the energy for the process is derived from electrochemical oxidation of the reformate. The membrane is coated with electrochemically active layers. On the reformate side is a ceramic material, La-Ce-SrTiO3, that has shown desirable characteristics in high sulfur environments. Since both processes take place at the same temperature and ambient pressure an integrated, compact design approach is foreseen.

CERAMATEC, INC.
2425 South 900 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84119
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 978-2162
Dr. S. Elangovan
NAVY 05-040      Awarded: 03MAY05
Title:Ultra-pure Hydrogen Generation from Logistic Fuels
Abstract:While fuel cell technology is attractive to meet the electric power requirements of the Navy, the Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells require high putiy hydrogen fuel. The high sulfur content of the Navy distillate NATO F-76 makes the reformate clean up system in a fuel processor too complex for the compact and light-weight systems that are required. Hydrogen separation membrane that is contaminant tolerant is proposed. The use of such membrane that is stable in the reformate composition will simplify or even eliminate the reformate clean up subsystem. An additional aspect of this project will be to evaluate a compact fuel processor to reform F-76. The fuel processor is more efficient and reduces the common technical challenges such as low efficiency operation and soot formation encountered in reforming diesel fuel using conventional partial oxidation reformers. The operational characteristics of the two systems, reformer and the hydrogen separation membrane, allow for both process and physical integration making the overall conversion process of navy distillate into high purity hydrogen efficient and economical.

MEDIA & PROCESS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
155 William Pitt Way
Pittsburgh, PA 15238
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 826-3711
Dr. Paul K T Liu
NAVY 05-040      Awarded: 03MAY05
Title:Nano-porous Inorganic Membrane as a One-Step Sulfur Tolerant Hydrogen Recovery Device
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project focuses on the use of our hydrogen selective nanoporous inorganic membrane for hydrogen recovery from reformats. We believe that the unique performance features of our proposed membrane-based process can deliver an one-step hydrogen recovery process to meet the hydrogen purity requirement of the Navy SSFC, and, more importantly, to streamline the up-stream fuel reforming and down stream hydrogen preparation. In addition, this proposed non-metallic inorganic-based membrane product is not only sulfur tolerant, but also thermally, hydrothermally and "pressure" stable, suitable to integrate directly with the upstream and downstream processes. Our proposed Phase I program will generate separation performance database using synthetic streams simulating reformates generated from the Navy logistic fuel via both steam reforming and partial oxidation processes. In addition, a bench top treatability study will be performed to demonstrate the long-term (~ 4 weeks) performance stability in the presence of the maximum sulfur level. Finally, we will perform capital and operation economic analysis and the preliminary system design for the 40 and 300kW fuel cell system for evaluation by Navy.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division, 20600 Gramer
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Russell Kurtz
NAVY 05-040      Awarded: 03MAY05
Title:Selective Laser Ionization Process
Abstract:To address the U.S. Navy need to extract sulfur contaminants in support of hydrogen separation from a logistics fuel reformate stream, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Selective Laser Ionization Process (SLIP) module that can be directly implemented in Navy fuel cell power generation plants. This module performs selective laser photoionization of the sulfur-containing gas species, followed by separation in an electric field. After the sulfur is removed, the rest of the hydrogen extraction process, which is quite straightforward, can be completed with existing, small, light, commercial off-the-shelf components. The SLIP module therefore significantly reduces energy consumption and system size, and does not require removal or replenishment of adsorbents. The SLIP module can be designed to match the sulfur content of NATO F-76 logistics fuel (up to 10,000 ppm), producing hydrogen with a purity level sufficient for fuel cells. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the SLIP module by assembling a proof-of-concept prototype and experimentally quantifying the key process parameters. In Phase II POC will build and operate an engineering prototype for 50 kWe-scale hydrogen separator to prove the potential for compactness, efficiency, and scalability to 500 kW level fuel cell power plants.

POWER & ENERGY
106 Railroad Drive
Ivyland, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 942-4600
Dr. Peter Bossard
NAVY 05-040      Awarded: 03MAY05
Title:Hydrogen Separation from a Logistic-Fuel Reformate Stream
Abstract:The deliverable of this Phase I proposal is the identification and design of a Pd-alloy membrane capable of an efficient hydrogen removal from reformate streams containing sulfur. The evaluation will be based on experimental data regarding short and long term membrane resistance to sulfur poisoning. P&E has the ability to incorporate an alloy material into its composite thin nanostructured membrane, which enables to drastically increase hydrogen throughput while at the same time reducing precious metal cost. This ability allows current proposal to focus primarily on alloys with the best sulfur resistance while hydrogen throughput and precious metal cost aspects can become secondary issues. A phase II of the current proposal will be a prototype demonstration of the capability of the hydrogen separator for logistic fuels containing sulfur. The findings on this prototype will be scalable for PEM fuel cells supplies ranging from Watts to megawatts.

ADVANCED COOLING TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6059
Mr. David Sarraf
NAVY 05-041      Awarded: 02MAY05
Title:VCHP Heat Exchanger for Passive Thermal Management of a Fuel Cell Reforming Process
Abstract:The subject of this proposal is a heat exchanger based on variable conductance heat pipes (VCHP) that will provide a passive, valve-less means of regulating process gas temperatures in reformers for fuel cells. A key component of the Navy fuel cell system is the reformer, which converts diesel fuel into methane for consumption by the fuel cell. Reaction temperatures are critical to proper function of the reformer. Reaction temperatures are currently regulated by valves in the process gas streams. These valves require power, consumes space, increases pressure drop, and is hindering tight integration and packaging of the reformer. In addition, these valves are prone to failure at elevated temperatures. The VCHP-based system has the potential to provide nearly constant reformer temperatures despite wide changes in gas flow rate while needing no additional components or control systems and without limiting packaging options for the reformer.

ENERGENT CORP.
2321 S. Pullman St.
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 261-7533
Mr. Lance Hays
NAVY 05-041      Awarded: 02MAY05
Title:Passive Gas Regulated Heat Pipe System for Fuel Cell System Thermal Management
Abstract:A gas reservoir regulated heat pipe system is proposed to provide passive temperature regulation of a reformer and fuel cell system. This system has been successfully applied to passively regulate temperatures of an air cooled two-stroke engine to within 10 deg C over the operating range from idle to full power and for a vehicle velocity ranging from 0-50 mph. The heat pipe system will involve multiple reservoirs at differing pressures to control different sections of the reformer and fuel cell system at optimal temperatures. Further the system will incorporate a circuit for the transfer of waste heat from the fuel cell products to the reformer feedstock and/or a waste heat power generation system.

TOUCHSTONE RESEARCH LABORATORY, LTD.
The Millennium Centre, R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
Dr. Susan C. Chang
NAVY 05-041      Awarded: 02MAY05
Title:Self-Regulating Passive Controlled CFOAM Thermal Management System
Abstract:Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd. has proposed a thermal management system made of its novel material CFOAMr for a 50kWe logistic-fuel reforming processor for PEM fuel cells with the capability of scaling up to 500kWe system. This system passively controls the cooling of gas from 500C to 300C under varying working conditions in flow rate, temperature and pressure without using extra control units. It has an ability to regulate its cooling power automatically. This CFOAM system features light weight, durability, and compactness due to its integrated heat exchanger and heat recovery system and is a low-cost thermal management system due to its long life cycle and minimized use of expensive control units. The Phase I effort will focus on the effectiveness of a passive control concept using CFOAM, and the Phase II work will aim at the design and manufacturing issues of this system.

AEPTEC MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
700 King Farm Boulevard, Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 670-6779
Mr. William Brown
NAVY 05-042      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Shipboard V-Band Wireless Network
Abstract:The frequency band centered around 60 GHz is characterized by an increased level of attenuation caused by the absorption of millimeter waves by the oxygen in the atmosphere. This unique property makes 60 GHz an ideal frequency for designing highly secure networks for use on-board Navy ships. For this Phase 1 study, we propose to investigate the design of a frequency up/down converter to take 802.11 signals and translate them to the 60 GHz band for transmission. Upon reception, the signals are translated back to the lower frequency band. This converter is an appliqu, so minimal changes need be made to the existing wireless hardware. Indeed, this approach allows for dual mode operation. This appliqu, coupled with AEPTEC's line of highly secure, FIPS certified 802.11 wireless products will be a cost effective approach to meet the Navy's need for secure wireless connectivity. Also as part of the phase 1 effort, we will study the propagation environment on board a Navy ship and suggest an effective network topology to mitigate the deleterious effects typically seen at millimetric frequencies.

EPSILON LAMBDA ELECTRONICS CORP.
427 Stevens Street
Geneva, IL 60134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 232-9611
Mr. Robert M. Knox
NAVY 05-042      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Shipboard V-Band Wireless Network
Abstract:The US Navy in topic N05-042, has identified the need to develop and demonstrate a shipboard, V-band wireless local area network (V-WLAN) with high data capacity and favorable propagation characteristics to avoid detection. Proposed is a WLAN network operating at 60 GHz that is light-weight, low-cost, highly reliable and secure from detection and jamming, operates in smoke, fog or dusty environment, and operates with low power drain. The company proposes during Phase I to carry out such a trade study to (1) define the link budget requirements for various V-WLAN configurations,(2) consider the Anti-Jamming/Low Probability of Intercept requirements, (2) consider operational effects of inclement environments, and multi-path effects, (3) consider operational ease and variability of use, including size, weight, product ruggedness, and power, (4) evaluate the COTS options for low cost implementation, and (5) perform a preliminary system configuration design leading to a low cost solution having adequate performance for the mission. Optional work includes a feasibility demonstration.

MAXENTRIC TECHNOLOGIES LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 242-9800
Mr. Houman Ghajari
NAVY 05-042      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Shipboard V-Band Wireless Network
Abstract:MaXentric is offering a cost effective and an innovative solution for a V-band based WLAN (V-WLAN). Our V-WLAN solution was conceived in order to overcome the challenges of V-band WLAN development and deployment while preserving the technological legacies created by the existing WLAN systems. Our V-WLAN solution solves the LOS requirements at V-band frequencies by deploying a smart coaxial distribution system. Using spatial transmit and receiver diversity techniques, Our V-WLAN solution virtually eliminates any non-LOS issues associated with RF propagation at 60 GHz. Our V-WLAN solution offers an innovative architecture to distribute signals using a single coaxial cable for signal and power distribution with a built in fail-safe mode to bypass any antenna node failures. To preserve the unbeatable economies of scale and excellent technological legacies created by the existing WLAN standards (802.11 WLAN or 802.15 WPAN), our V-WLAN solution would use the existing 802.11 or 802.15 MAC and Physical Layers. In this way, our V-WLAN solution would maximize the use of Commercially Off The Shelf (COTS) 802.11 base-band chip sets.

APPLIED HYDRO-ACOUSTICS RESEARCH, INC.
5885 Trinity Parkway, Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-6117
Mr. Barclay Roman
NAVY 05-043      Awarded: 25APR05
Title:Automated Multi-Static Processing Of Off-Board Sensors
Abstract:Use of multi-static active sonar fields provides necessary and complementary coverage to on-board organic sensors of surface combatants. Effective field management and performance requires an effective means for planning the collection of, managing, gathering, detecting, classifying, localizing, collating, associating, and displaying data from a large number of dissimilar sensors. With existing fleet tools and operating paradigms the increase in workload implies an increase in manning that is incompatible with fleet objective. An automated field management system must be developed to identify, categorize, and discriminate between contacts of interest and clutter, to prioritize contacts for operator evaluation. A CONOPS and work plan to accomplish this while leveraging existing AHA tools is presented and discussed in this proposal. Technical objectives are to develop concepts for, and demonstrate feasibility of a robust, COTS-based multi-static sensor & field management toolkit that takes advantage of the industry-recognized expertise of AHA in tactical decision aides, multi-sensor data fusion, battle space management, active and passive signal processing. AHA current experience in fielding applications to systems such as the SSQ-89/AV-15, the AV-15 IPS and the SPPFS-STDA, provide background knowledge in strategies for integration, test, and fielding that will be paramount in the long-term success of this research.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Mr. Steven Graham
NAVY 05-043      Awarded: 25APR05
Title:Automated Multi-Static Processing Of Off-Board Sensors
Abstract:Multistatic operation of Navy sonar systems can potentially improve overall ASW effectiveness despite significant improvements in the capabilities of potential submarine adversaries. As enemy submarines become quieter and more capable, utilization of active sonar techniques becomes necessary to maintain tactically effective ASW ranges for detection, classification, and localization. Active sonar operation in shallow water environments is in turn complicated by the severe clutter that is encountered. Multistatic operation enables Navy forces to take full advantage of active sonar capabilities and to improve decluttering performance while allowing critical assets to remain acoustically covert. Multistatic capabilities for all viable combinations of U.S. Navy sonar systems eventually need to be developed.

APPLIED HYDRO-ACOUSTICS RESEARCH, INC.
5885 Trinity Parkway, Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-6112
Mr. Brian Samuels
NAVY 05-044      Awarded: 26APR05
Title:Environmental Adaptation for Off-Board Sensors
Abstract:The DD(X) program seeks to use off-board sensors as adjuncts to a robust own-ship capability. Optimal use of these off-board sensors requires tools for providing environmentally adaptive tools to perform optimal placement and processing of these multi-static sensors. The team of Applied Hydro-Acoustics Research, Inc. (AHA) and the Applied Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington (APL-UW) will design and develop a comprehensive toolset to meet this challenge, the Surface-ship Environmental Adaptation and Multistatic Optimization USW Toolset (SEAMOUNT). In the first phase of the research, the AHA/APL-UW team will complete and document a comprehensive design for SEAMOUNT. The team will also perform an assessment and algorithm candidate selection for the various components of the toolset. Components include optimal placement algorithms; optimal sensor setting algorithms; environmentally adaptive tools for detection, classification and localization; tools for rapid acoustic computations; and effectiveness routines for coordinated active and passive missions. In addition to the toolset design in Phase I, the team will implement and demonstrate an initial tool in a critical area of need. That tool will be an optimal placement algorithm merging APL-UW's Particle Swarm Optimization techniques, with the Navy's approved multi-static tactical decision aid engine (ASPECT), which was developed by AHA.

APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES CORP.
2 State Street, Suite 300
New London, CT 06320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 440-3253
Mr. Joseph Edwards
NAVY 05-044      Awarded: 26APR05
Title:Fast Propagation Modeling for Multi-static Sonars
Abstract:The US Navy's new DD(X) destroyer, currently under design, is expected to serve not only as an independent battlespace resource but also as a hub of a network of environmental sensors and sonar platforms. In this role, the DD(X) crew is responsible for deciding the distribution of assets needed to best accomplish the objectives of the current mission. Due to the environmental sensitivity of multi-static systems, an accurate numerical solution in support of multi-static planning often cannot be accomplished in a timely manner with onboard computing assets. In this proposal, a method is outlined to provide an extremely fast and robust simulation capability to allow a better characterization of the acoustic propagation in the local area. An accurate, real-time model is essential to enable optimum placement and processing of multi-static offboard sensors in challenging operational areas. The method innovatively combines several approximations and efficiency gains that are individually described in the open literature and applied by entities such as NATO and NRL. The tool represents all major features of the propagation, including range dependence, attenuation and waveguide Doppler shifts for the source, target and receiver, and is able to evolve in time as the situational awareness evolves.

PLANNING SYSTEMS, INC.
40201 Highway 190 East
Slidell, LA 70461
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(985) 649-7252
Mr. Donald Delbalzo
NAVY 05-044      Awarded: 26APR05
Title:SPEAR (Search Planner with Environmentally Adaptive Response)
Abstract:Since the Second World War, increased performance has been acquired by investing heavily in expensive new sensor hardware, including advanced off-board sensors, at the near exclusion of developing new algorithms and tactics to optimize use of sensors in complex environments. The shift toward threats in just such hostile areas demands a more synergistic approach wherein new sensors breed new tactics, and possibly vice versa. The optimization strategies to date either provide precise answers to sensor usage, but too slowly to be tactically useful, or quick answers that are at best suggestive of the proper strategy. SPEAR (Search Planner with Environmentally Adaptive Response) is a novel approach which combines the best aspects of the most promising existing tactical planners (i.e., GRASP and SCOUT), adds environmental adaptation, and approaches the solution in a sufficiently general way that its capabilities will be useful for all DD(X) ASW missions.

ANACAPA SCIENCES, INC.
301 East Carrillo Street 2FL, P. O. Box 519
Santa Barbara, CA 93102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-6157
Dr. Robert Dick
NAVY 05-045      Awarded: 18APR05
Title:Automated Techniques to Reduce Operator Workload at the Passive ASW and Human-System Interface
Abstract:*The proposed research will reduce the historically high operator workload in legacy passive ASW systems that arises from grossly inefficient human-system interfaces (HSIs). These problematic HSIs create high operator workload even when automation is applied to contact detection, classification and localization (DCL). *We propose to resolve a substantive portion of the problem by leveraging off of new, innovative HSI technology that employs very high levels of display integration. This new technology - part of which is patented but freely available to the Navy - reduced operator workload in a passive DCL system by 50% - as judged by Navy SMEs. This advanced HSI technology is enabled by commercial advances in data representation, data management, and workload optimization technologies. *In Phase I of the proposed research, we will develop 5-10 major screen formats for passive ASW, each of which employs numerous innovative workload reduction HSI features and functions developed specifically for passive ASW. We will verify the feasibility of implementing these HSI formats and features within the sensor data architecture of the DD(X) Total Ship Computing Environment. And we will use Fleet ASW experts to verify the utility and usability of the formats and features for reducing operator workload in DD(X).

PLANNING SYSTEMS, INC.
12030 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite 400, Reston Plaz
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 788-7774
Mr. Eric Todd
NAVY 05-045      Awarded: 18APR05
Title:Automated Techniques to Reduce Operator Workload at the Passive ASW and Human-System Interface
Abstract:DD(X) will require reduced manning of the sonar watch stations to meet its goal of overall reduced manning. However, passive sonar analysis is manpower intensive, particularly in analysis of broadband, narrowband, and LOFAR data. We propose to utilize the technique of Case Based Reasoning to assist passive sonar operators. Case Based Reasoning fits this problem particularly well because, while passive sonar analysis is very experience dependent, subjective, and difficult to reduce to firm rules, there are many interpreted data cases available. This is the type of application for which Case Based Reasoning was developed. Case Based Reasoning operates by extracting from the case library cases most similar to the current data, evaluating those cases to determine how they fit the current data, and adapting the current data case into the case library. Case Based Reasoning is currently being used in a broad range of analysis-heavy applications such as medical diagnosis and mechanical diagnosis, so we consider this to be a very feasible approach.

21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC.
12152 Windsor Hall Way
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-5770
Mr. Conrad Donahue
NAVY 05-046      Awarded: 26APR05
Title:Multi-Model Ensemble Agents (MMEA)
Abstract:The challenge of providing the sensor operator and tactical decision maker with all pertinent acoustic information and clues associated with any given contact has long eluded a solution. The technology to address this shortcoming is now available and we are pleased to have this opportunity to propose a method to implement a solution. 21st Century Systems Inc. proposes to leverage its considerable intelligent agent expertise for the development of a leading edge modular software system to manage and execute passive target signature fusion. The research concept, named Multi-Model Ensemble Agents (MMEA), focuses on a method that takes a systems engineering approach to attack the challenge. The ultimate goal of this research is to bring together all of the sensor data/information that is dispersed among several sources into a single presentation. Intelligent agents will be applied to assess every external sensor report and provide the operator with an integrated 2D/3D display of the environmental situation generated with all of the clues that the agents assigned to the searching task have accumulated. The research will focus on a design of software components for the current sensory system to reroute processor outputs to displays that consolidate all information related to any given contact.

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue, Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
Dr. W. Reynolds Monach
NAVY 05-046      Awarded: 26APR05
Title:Multi-Sensor Data Fusion System
Abstract:In this project Wagner Associates will develop a DD(X) Multi-Sensor Data Fusion System (MSDFS). MSDFS will incorporate non-Gaussian resource optimization techniques that utilize a geographical Situation Assessment (SA) picture generated by fusing all available data using Bayesian inferential reasoning, non-Gaussian registration, multiple hypothesis association, Gaussian sum tracking, and non-Gaussian tracking techniques. These techniques will allow MSDFS to optimize the use of available DD(X) operator time (and passive sensors) by providing alerts concerning possible submarines or torpedoes. In Phase I of this project we will also demonstrate MSDFS's feasibility and effectiveness using demonstration software and simulated (or real-world, if available) data, and in particular it's ability to provide accurate fused data to the DD(X) operator without increasing his or her workload, and to provide fused results within one second of initial classification by individual own-ship acoustic sensors. In addition, we will work with the DD(X) contractors to determine how MSDFS can be incorporated within the DD(X) Combat System architecture and to develop a Phase II approach and schedule with discrete milestones for incorporating MSDFS algorithms and modules into the DD(X) Combat System.

SONALYSTS, INC.
215 Parkway North, P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3772
Mr. Anthony Cowden
NAVY 05-046      Awarded: 26APR05
Title:Automated Passive Target Signature Fusion
Abstract:Despite significant advances in acoustic processing and data display techniques, passive sonar classification still involves a significant amount of human effort. Sonalysts, Inc. proposes to develop an automated passive target signature fusion rule base. Relying on our unequaled expertise in passive and active sonar classification, as well as surface and air undersea warfare (USW) operations, modeling, and simulation, our innovative technical approach will focus on the development of a set of deterministic and heuristic rules that represents the passive sonar classification process. We will then describe how to automate these deterministic and heuristic rules using a parallel rule processing technique. Finally, we intend to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach using data generated by a best-in-class commercial personal computer-based naval combat simulation that provides a challenging, detailed, and realistic simulation of an USW tactical environment.

SIMULEX, INC.
3000 Kent Avenue
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 463-2690
Mr. Chee Foong
NAVY 05-047      Awarded: 21APR05
Title:Methods to Assess Technology Insertion Impact and Optimized Manning
Abstract:The process of implementing and evaluating new and sometimes disruptive technologies on U.S. Navy ships and other maritime vessels is lengthy and intense. Micro-level changes in technology can cause macro-level changes to emerge that ripple through the ship infrastructure and radically impact business processes and ultimately the sailor. The sustainability and survivability of ships is determined by the degree to which information and other technologies permit crew to execute business processes and operate ship's infrastructure. We propose a multi-agent modeling and simulation platform to help predict the impact of technology insertions in the Navy ships. Our approach to achieving this objective is to develop and exercise human (crew), process (workflow) and infrastructure models using intelligent agents, which are programmed with the behaviors and rules required for interacting in a ship SoS.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Dr. Scott Wood
NAVY 05-047      Awarded: 21APR05
Title:SEASIM - Synthetic Environment for Assessment of Shipboard technology Impact on Manning
Abstract:Under this Phase I Small Business Innovative Research contract, we propose to develop a synthetic agent-based environment, SEASIM, to help assess the impact of new technology on shipboard systems and to optimize manning. Model-based evaluation techniques are a proven alternative to traditional build-and-test technology development processes in the design of Navy systems. However, no single technique exists that can assess new technology across dimensions essential for optimal shipboard manning. SEASIM will take a novel, multi-agent system approach to combine the strengths of multiple model-based assessment techniques including queuing theory, discrete event simulation, constraint satisfaction, and cognitive modeling. This approach will allow analysts to assess new technological and doctrinal changes for their impact across multiple facets of manning optimization, including, team organization, personnel selection, training, operations, maintenance, and logistics. The proposed environment will support rapid experimentation to compare alternative designs and enable analysts to understand how, why, and when one system is better than the other for specific metrics. This proposed methodology supports a logical, scientific process to manning optimization and for driving new shipboard technology development. Successful completion of this work could save the Navy vast amounts of time and resources while reducing manning requirements and improving shipboard performance.

THE SEVAAN GROUP LLC
411 North Lane
Prince Frederick, MD 20678
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 364-4818
Dr. Niraj Srivastava
NAVY 05-047      Awarded: 21APR05
Title:Innovative Methods to Assess Technology Insertion Impact and Optimized Manning
Abstract:The reduction in life-cycle costs for Naval vessels is critical for operating a cost efficient and robust Navy. Computer based simulations are an effective tool for human systems integration optimization, as well as for studying the risks associated with the complex interactions between crew and systems. The Sevaan Group will demonstrate the applicability of an innovative synthetic environment for driving optimal manning given a set of competing technologies, as well as provide better insight on how crew and technology interact and behave. The environment fuses traditional discrete event simulations for modeling deterministic technical naval systems with agent-based simulations to capture the behavior based upon cognitive and behavioral psychology. The modular environment empowers analysts to choose and integrate the best combination of available agent, discrete event, and physics based simulations to address the questions of manning. Naval researchers will benefit from the ability to study bottom-up crew conduct in addition to the traditional top-down, "cause and effect" approach. The environment embraces advances in complexity theory for simulating non-linear systems such as the interaction of crew to provide insight into emergent unforeseen behavior.

ART ANDERSON ASSOC.
202 Pacific Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 479-5600
Mr. Andy Bennett
NAVY 05-048      Awarded: 19APR05
Title:Approach to Joining Multiple Displacement Hulls Together To Increase Speed
Abstract:It has been well documented that the Navy's Seabasing vision for staging bases near the theater of operations calls for an extension of the distance offshore from the current two to five miles to one hundred to two hundred miles. Although the distances will be greater, response times and throughputs must remain the same or improved. This will consequently require heavy lift and high speed landing craft to transport equipment from the seabase to the beach. In response to this need, the Navy is looking at various ways to increase the speed of its workhorse landing craft, the LCU 1600 class vessel. This topic seeks to develop an enabling capability for connecting multiple LCU's, in line, with the expectation that the speed should be increased by at least 30%. The key enabling capability sought is the connecting device between the vessels. This project will investigate the adaptation of a flexible connecting device developed for the Improved Navy Lighterage System (INLS) to the LCU "In-Line" train concept. This "end connector", called the Flexor, has been utilized for two generations of Navy lighterage systems.

MARITIME APPLIED PHYSICS CORP.
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 524-3330
Mr. Justin Harper
NAVY 05-048      Awarded: 19APR05
Title:Approach to Joining Multiple Displacement Hulls Together To Increase Speed
Abstract:Maritime Applied Physics Corporation (MAPC) herein proposes to research the feasibility of hull form modifications for the LCU 1600 class landing craft to improve top speed, and to complete a concept design of the best solution. The primary goals are to increase speed while still maintaining as much of the endurance, seakeeping capability, cargo capacity, and affordability of the LCU 1600-class landing craft as possible.

UTD, INC.
8350 Alban Road, Suite 700
Springfield, VA 22150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 440-8834
Mr. Ed Sonifrank
NAVY 05-048      Awarded: 19APR05
Title:Approach to Increase Craft Speed by Use of the Inflatable Articulated Ship Tie (INFAST)
Abstract:The goal of this proposal is to develop an articulated connection system that allows conventional landing craft/cargo vessels, such as the Landing Craft Utility (LCU) 1600 Class, to be linked in a train for increased cargo transit speed. The proposed method allows the connection device to link craft together allowing each craft freedom of movement in the three rotational axes of pitch, roll, and yaw. The connection system allows transfer of compressive and tension forces between craft without the use of large heavy mechanical fasteners. By use of an innovative system, it couples a connection and a fairing into one system, merging all the craft into a single hull form. This method of connection acts as a compression and tension member, flexible joint, and a fairing shaped to mitigate bow waves generated by follow craft in the train. Based on theoretical formulas and expected reduction of residual forces, it is anticipated that four connected craft will accomplish the desired 30% increase in speed.

ART ANDERSON ASSOC.
202 Pacific Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 479-5600
Mr. Konstantin Mateev
NAVY 05-049      Awarded: 20APR05
Title:In-Situ and Temporary Augmentation of Ship Hull Forms to Improve Top Speed
Abstract:The topic stated objective is the development of innovative approaches to provide in-situ hull form augmentations to the existing ships and craft to allow for increased speed without a significant reduction in payload capacity. The proposed project will accomplish this by implementing an innovative air cavity system (ACS), Bow Fairing, and propulsion changes to the LCU 1600, thereby converting it into a 20 knot LCU 1600. We are also suggesting an optional beachability capability improvement to enable feet-dry shoreside on/off-loading. The prototype with these extended capabilities is herein referred to as the LCU-X.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
32 Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Mr. Michael McAleenan
NAVY 05-049      Awarded: 20APR05
Title:Tough Lightweight Composite LCU 1600 Hull Extensions to Increase Speed
Abstract:KaZaK Composites with Gibbs and Cox propose several LCU 1600 hull modifications to increase hull speed and reduce inter-hull turbulence. The concepts presented are not self exclusionary, a combination of concepts may provide the hydrodynamic benefits to meet a 30% increase in LCU hull speed. CFD modeling (computational fluid dynamic) of the various options individually and where feasible in combination will assist in prioritizing projected hydrodynamic performance. In addition to meeting performance requirements, selected hull augmentations must meet the following; minimize effects to payload capacity, permit unimpeded movement of vessels to and from the beach, return hull back to original un-deployed state for the purposes of stowage, modify hull form while in-situ and minimize manpower or time to implement. By engaging both composites and ship structures engineering companies as team members, KaZaK and the Navy are insured that developing designs will consider and address all important ship and systems requirements. In Phase I KaZaK and our team members will perform extensive design studies, including finite element analysis of critical load conditions, dynamic modeling, CFD modeling to validate performance predictions. Such an analytical approach will reduce Navy risk in Phase II.

MARITIME APPLIED PHYSICS CORP.
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 524-3330
Mr. Justin Harper
NAVY 05-049      Awarded: 20APR05
Title:In-Situ and Temporary Augmentation of Ship Hull Forms to Improve Top Speed
Abstract:Maritime Applied Physics Corporation (MAPC) herein proposes to develop feasible combinations of LCU 1600-class landing craft temporarily joined in-line for at-sea propulsion, and to complete a concept design of the best solution. The primary goals are to increase speed while still maintaining as much of the endurance, seakeeping capability, cargo capacity, and affordability of the LCU 1600-class landing craft as possible.

MECHMATH LLC
14530 Bluebird Trail
Prior Lake, MN 55372
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 402-9642
Dr. Eduard Amromin
NAVY 05-049      Awarded: 20APR05
Title:In-Situ and Temporary Augmentation of Ship Hull Forms to Improve Top Speed
Abstract:U.S. Navy intends to modify transport craft hull forms in-situ in order to reduce hull hydrodynamic drag down to level that allows the 30% increase of their top speed. The project is emphasized on the craft LCU 1600. For such increase, designers must cut roughly a half of the craft total drag. This would require reduce both friction and wave resistance. Mechmath LLC plans achieve the friction reduction by generation of ventilated partial cavities on the craft bottom. Cavitation reduces friction by separating water from a part of the hull, but usually there is a significant drag penalty to create a cavity. This penalty takes place because of flow pulsations caused by reentrant jet in the cavity tail. The pressure gradients generated by specially designed appendages can suppress such jets. Their design will be based on solving nonlinear inverse hydrodynamic problem, but constrains associated with appendage removal and implementation will be imposed on the obtained solutions. Consideration of possible reduction of wave resistance with removable bulbs will also be done. A part of Phase I work consists of planning the Phase II experiments that must be provided with keeping the Froude numbers and cavitation numbers.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Mahesh M. Athavale
NAVY 05-050      Awarded: 05MAY05
Title:Shipboard Chem-Bio Agent Spread Modeling for Damage Control
Abstract:The overall objective of this project is to develop a system-level prognostic modeling tool for predictions of the spread of chemical/biological agents in shipboard air systems. The intent is to integrate the tool with existing DC systems. The proposed system will be modeled as a set of interacting software components coupled through a simulation environment. To achieve execution speed and accuracy, innovative use of Artificial Neural Nets (ANNs) will be made to model the different system components. The ANN models will directly interface with sensors and allow real-time updates of shipboard conditions, including sensor data validation. Phase I work will involve adaptation of an existing computational environment for multiple-thread parallel and series execution of the ANNs. Feasibility of the concept will be demonstrated on a representative ship section. Training of ANNs models will be done using CFD generated data. Treatment of sensor data validation and definition of the system architecture will be completed. Phase II project will involve adaptation of a network solver using ANNs as components for full ship system analysis. The software will be demonstrated and validated on a representative shipboard airflow system selected in collaboration with Navy, with ANNs trained for specific system components using CFD-generated and available experimental data. The work will oversee development of a GUI for effective data display to the operators, and development of strategies for interfacing with the ship control systems.

COMBUSTION SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, INC.
8940 Old Annapolis Road Suite L
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-3266
Mr. Andrew Hamer
NAVY 05-050      Awarded: 05MAY05
Title:Smoke Field Modeling to Support Damage Control Assessment and Decision-making in Shipboard Environments
Abstract:In order to support advanced, automated damage control (DC) planning and operations for low manning ship concepts, prognostic modeling of the spread of smoke is needed. Existing models do not address smoke spread and propagation in confined spaces such as onboard ships. The goal of this project is to develop a system that will allow shipboard personnel to make decisions on the importance of immediate response to a potential fire and the subsequent spread of smoke, especially in situations where multiple fires are occurring simultaneously. Based on an assessment of the strengths and limitations of different techniques to predict smoke flow, Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc. proposes to develop a very efficient CFD computational technique to predict smoke spread in Navy ships. The CFD method will utilize a tailored version of the RANS turbulence model, which will be optimized for computational speed to allow for reasonably accurate predictions of smoke spread and real-time utilization of shipboard sensor systems to update and improve the predictions. However, there is a need to develop a new method that significantly reduces processing and estimation times.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Marc A. Kenton
NAVY 05-050      Awarded: 05MAY05
Title:Faster-Than-Real-Time Model for Predicting the Spread of Smoke in Ships
Abstract:A new generation of Navy ships needs innovations to enable effective damage control with greatly reduced manning. A particular need is software to predict the spread of fire, smoke, radioactive materials, and other toxic agents in real time. Such software could take immediate actions to reduce the initial spread of an incident and would then help damage control personnel obtain situational awareness and work more effectively. Existing software for predicting the spread of fire and hazardous materials are generally ill suited for this task due to insufficient accuracy, the neglect of important phenomena, or excessive runtime. An essential requirement is that the software support the efficient calculation of key model input quantities from sensor data. Creare proposes to develop a software model that is sufficiently accurate, fast, and flexible enough to derive the unknown inputs, while also representing all the phenomena of interest. In Phase I, we will develop a prototype of the model and demonstrate its use for modeling smoke propagation. In Phase II, we will refine the model, develop suitable inverse algorithms to calculate model inputs from sensor data, and coordinate with the Navy and a shipyard to prepare to implement the software in a selected ship.

HUGHES ASSOC., INC.
3610 Commerce Drive, Suite 817
Baltimore, MD 21227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 737-8677
Mr. Jason E. Floyd, Ph.D
NAVY 05-050      Awarded: 05MAY05
Title:Modeling to Support Damage Control Assessment and Decision-making - Fire and Smoke Spread Modeling
Abstract:Autonomic systems are required to achieve reduced manning for shipboard damage control. An integral element of this system is the capability to simulate physical phenomena that results in cascading failures, including fire and smoke spread. The work proposed here will use the physics-based fire and smoke model, Fire and Smoke Simulator (FSSIM), currently used for recoverability modeling, and transition it to a shipboard predictive model. Methods to integrate the model as a federate in an Automated Damage Control system will be developed. The work effort includes designs to adapt the model for faster-than-real-time predictive use. Integration with ship Smart Product Model and autonomous shipboard systems is proposed. Coding of the algorithm will follow Navy QA Standards. Shipboard hardware vendors have been identified to support the effort.

SURVICE ENGINEERING CO.
4695 Millennium Drive
Belcamp, MD 21017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 273-7722
Mr. W. Keith Bowman
NAVY 05-050      Awarded: 05MAY05
Title:Modeling to Support Damage Control Assessment and Decision-making in Shipboard Environments - Smoke
Abstract:As the Navy moves to reduce shipboard manning, automated damage control systems are necessary to evaluate real-time data and provide the crew with proper situational awareness and predictive capability. Existing computer models for estimating smoke spread are not designed to model confined compartments, are complex in operation, and generally require long periods of time to set up and process. An accurate, yet fast-running computer model is needed to input shipboard sensor and baseline target configuration data to simulate the smoke spread in a shipboard environment. The SURVICE Engineering Company, with our team members Enthalpy Corporation and Northrop Grumman Ship Systems, proposes the development of a smoke spread analysis model that can fill the gap between over-simplified empirical relationships in zone based fire/smoke models and the ultra-high-resolution computational fluid dynamics type field models. The smoke spread prediction model will be fast running and sufficiently accurate while capable of simulating all the key processes involved in smoke spread dynamics and interfacing with the shipboard sensor network. To develop such a model, and to minimize development risk, the basis for this proposed model will be the existing Fire Prediction Model (FPM) and its inherent methodology.

BEACON INTERACTIVE SYSTEMS
30 Spinelli Place
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 453-5501
Mr. Michael MacEwen
NAVY 05-051      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Integrated Shipboard and Shore-based Maintenance Management Decision Tool
Abstract:Phase I of this solicitation sets the groundwork for the creation of an Integrated Maintenance Management Decision-Support tool. The work accomplished here addresses not only the status of the broader technical and business marketplaces, but also the specific needs of a sample system. By taking this multi-path approach, the solution will be on-topic for the Navy as well as for commercial organizations. At the heart of Phase I is the performance of a functional specification, or needs analysis, focused on a sample system. This in-depth analysis provides real-world basis for the development of patterns and methodologies used in creating a broad-based solution. Using a diverse team of engineers, analysts and mathematicians, methodologies and a design for the tool will be developed. The software solution will be based upon a Service Oriented Architecture, thus ensuring an open and modular approach. It is anticipated that the planning functions will interface with any number of support systems, including equipment sensors, personnel and scheduling.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Dr. Michael J. Roemer
NAVY 05-051      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Integrated Shipboard and Shore-Based Maintenance Management Decision Tool
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in collaboration with Rolls Royce Naval Marine (support letter attached) and Life Cycle Engineering (LCE), propose the development and demonstration of a shipboard and shore-based maintenance decision tool that can autonomously and optimally select and schedule maintenance actions for Naval Ship Systems from a readiness and cost/benefit perspective. The proposed strategies will include the capability to account for risk across critical shipboard systems, integration with CBM systems, and procedures for maximizing ship system readiness based on mission requirements. Specific ties to economic models for assessing total operations/support cost and optimization modules for autonomous maintenance task selection and resource scheduling are also proposed. These developments will be eventually implemented within the framework of a maintenance decision support software product that will provide engineering and financial justification for maintenance and support decisions. The maintenance management optimization software will utilize various levels of engineering analysis based on shipboard system health indices/status that are coupled with comprehensive economic models that will form the basis of the automated maintenance optimization process. Two collaborating approaches will be investigated in the Phase I program. The first approach will utilize the predictions on remaining useful life or degradation levels (prognostics) of critical ship systems to project risk at any time in the future. The resulting fault/failure probabilities will then be processed with an economic model to determine the most cost effective maintenance actions to perform at specific times in the future. The second approach utilizes a model-based reasoning algorithm that assesses the cause and effect relationships among all predisposing factors influencing maintenance decisions. Based on the Phase I results, the Phase II program will focus on specific applications on DD(X) such as the Main Turbine System (MTS), which Impact is currently working on maintenance reasoning software for Rolls Royce Naval Marine and Northrop Grumman.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Mr. Michael Hertz
NAVY 05-051      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Integrated Shipboard and Shore-based Maintenance Management Decision Tool
Abstract:The central goal of this topic is to develop the ability to quickly and efficiently determine, prioritize, and optimize maintenance efforts across both individual ships and the Fleet as a whole. We propose to develop a web based application toolset that can be deployed within the Non-Tactical Data Processing System (NTDPS) Architecture as part of the Distance Support Initiative. The NTDPS functionality is mature and is being delivered to VIRGINIA and 688 Class Submarines. In constructing the end-to-end architecture, Progeny can leverage the Integrated Shipboard Learning Environment which has a similar network architecture data infratructure and is used for ship-to-shore Knowledge Manangement and could be adapted for th eMaintenance Management Domain. NTDPS is currently evaluating the NTDPS functionality for Surface Combatants via the Distance Support Program, the Q-70 Program and in conjunction with the PEO IWS Open Architecture (OA) initiative. Progeny proposes to develop this toolset in line with the SHIPMAIN goals that allows ship/fleet participation regarding the collection, aggregation/evaluation, and dissemination of maintenance planning data, information, and metrics.

THE DEI GROUP
1127 Benfield Blvd, Suite H
Millersville, MD 21108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 729-1290
Mr. Charles Floyd
NAVY 05-051      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Integrated Shipboard and Shore-based Maintenance Management Decision Tool
Abstract:The DD(X) ship and life cycle support process design objectives are driven by three key objectives: high availability with reduced annual support costs and a manning compliment lower than the predecessor class of ships. To achieve these objectives requires that the shipboard systems and their relationship to alternate maintenance strategies be analyzed using a structured modeling approach to determine: 1) their failure modes, 2) monitoring methods to automatically recognize the failures, 3) the impact of failures on mission readiness, 4) alternate operational scenarios, and 5) maintenance requirements. The analysis must lead to an optimum strategy within constraints, and be captured in a form that allows implementation within the shipboard and shore-side environment. This will allow the use of the design model within the run-time decision support system, that integrates condition monitoring systems, system predictive model simulator, operator displays for status and recommendations, mission readiness assessment models, and maintenance and logistics systems that integrate with the shore-based components. To support these objectives, The DEI Group proposes to design and develop the prototype for an integrated systems framework for use in designing an optimal life cycle maintenance strategy that will also support shipboard deployment within the planned DD(X) Mission Readiness Support System.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-6273
Mr. Carl S. Byington, P.E.
NAVY 05-052      Awarded: 18APR05
Title:A Plug-and-Play Module for Assessing Real-Time Mission Readiness Using Subsystem Health and Interactions
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC., in collaboration with Life Cycle Engineering, Inc., proposes to develop and demonstrate mission readiness assessment techniques using component and subsystem health indexes in an open systems architecture (OSA). The proposed work will utilize mission requirements, component health states, and potentially available models to develop a plug-and-play software module that can be used to assess system mission readiness in real-time. The development will include algorithms to account for subsystem interaction and relate independent subsystem health indicators to overall system readiness. Prognostics will also be included to predict future readiness levels for specific missions. This information will ultimately be utilized for decision support of Navy ship systems. Specifically, the core innovations of the proposed project include: 1) the use of gray scale health to assess mission readiness; 2) fusion of multiple independent health state indicators to determine overall system health; and 3) development of a prognostics approach that accounts for the effects of fault propagation between interconnected subsystems by defining propagation paths and adjusting failure rates accordingly.

RLW, INC.
2029 Cato Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-5122
Mr. C. Mark Klemick
NAVY 05-052      Awarded: 18APR05
Title:Prognostic Tool to Estimate Mission Readiness Based Upon System Health States
Abstract:Establishing mission readiness depends on interpretation of current condition, historical trends, and class propensities to first establish system health, and then to derive readiness from health conclusions. This proposed approach to predicting mission readiness uses an extensible generic architecture to integrate existing tools with others still in development, such that the prognostic system can be flexibly extended to accommodate all shipboard equipment. The approach maximizes use of industry standards to provide interoperability and access for OEMs who can build equipment that plugs into the architecture and reports its health in standard format. The approach includes definition of a generic health module, or pattern, that enables this form of integration. This approach to mission readiness also creates the means for expert knowledge related to equipment health to reside very close to the equipment, which enhances modularity and simplifies upgrades. Another innovation provides the ability to distribute the logic that performs judgments about mission readiness so it too resides close to the equipment. This offers advantages when the system is asked to respond to "what-if" questions about future capability from the operators or from automated planners.

THE DEI GROUP
1127 Benfield Blvd, Suite H
Millersville, MD 21108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 729-1290
Mr. Charles Floyd
NAVY 05-052      Awarded: 18APR05
Title:Prognostic Tool to Estimate Mission Readiness Based Upon System Health States
Abstract:The DD(X) ship and life cycle support process design objectives are driven by three key objectives: high availability with reduced annual support costs and a manning compliment lower than the predecessor class of ships. To achieve these goals, the ship design will provide functionality that includes a high degree of information-based decision support provided by the Mission Readiness Support System. More specifically, the Equipment Health Management (CEHM) component of the system will acquire sensor-based machinery condition data; analyze the data to assess current system condition relative to mission requirements, and estimate future equipment condition and readiness impacts, based on predicted operational requirements. The technical approach proposed in support of this topic for executing predictive analysis across a broad range of shipboard Combat System and HM&E equipment takes advantage of a method for actuarial analysis called Proportional Hazard Modeling (PHM). The PHM approach implemented within a Monte Carlo simulation environment can provide the required predictive engine defined by the requirements of the CEHM module of the DD(X) MRSS system. The DEI Group proposes to design and develop the requirements for the prototype application for an integrated systems framework supporting model design and deployment within the MRSS environment.

ASSETT, INC.
8616 Phoenix Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 365-8970
Mr. Galen Plunkett
NAVY 05-053      Awarded: 25MAY05
Title:Modeling the Impact of Technology Transition on Ship Operational Capabilities
Abstract:The pace of technology advancements with corresponding products applicable to a wide variety of uses necessitates the incorporation of systemic technology related planning. ASSETT Inc. proposes to combine its technology insertion planning methodology, currently implemented across the US Submarine Force, with the lessons learned from similar support to commercial technology firms. The resultant product is projected to: (1) optimize the technology planning process (2) identify appropriate technologies to group for insertion, and (3) relate ship and system capabilities as a function of technology insertion. In using open and documented standards, ASSETT's proposed tool will be applicable to both government and commercial customers as well as seamlessly integrate with an organization's current technical and management processes. Results from this tool will be easily configurable to support a wide variety of complimentary decision support systems.

BEACON INTERACTIVE SYSTEMS
30 Spinelli Place
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 453-5501
Mr. Mike MacEwen
NAVY 05-053      Awarded: 25MAY05
Title:Modeling the Impact of Technology Transition on Ship Operational Capabilities
Abstract:Phase I of this solicitation sets the groundwork for the creation of a Technology Transition Decision Support tool. The work accomplished here addresses not only the status of the broader technical and business marketplaces, but also the specific needs of a sample system. By taking this multi-path approach, the solution will be on-topic for the Navy as well as for commercial organizations. At the heart of Phase I is the performance of a functional specification, or needs analysis, focused on a sample system. This in-depth analysis provides real-world basis for the development of patterns and methodologies used in creating a broad-based solution. Using a diverse team of engineers, analysts and mathematicians, methodologies and a design for the framework of modeling technology transition will be developed.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5001
Mr. James Holt
NAVY 05-053      Awarded: 25MAY05
Title:Modeling the Impact of Technology Transition on Ship Operational Capabilities
Abstract:The Navy's DD(X) program is the centerpiece of a family of three surface combatant ships, including a destroyer, a cruiser and a smaller craft for littoral operations. The scope and complexity of the design work, which includes development and integration of new hull and ship systems as well as advanced combat systems, is unprecedented for a U.S. Navy surface combatant. The intent is to innovatively combine the transformational technologies developed in the DD(X) program with the many ongoing R&D efforts involving mission focused surface ships. Navy decision-makers need a new approach for evaluating investment, development and technology insertion strategies that balance all design factors to maximize overall ship performance, within the current and future schedule, budget, and technological constraints The DAC team will address this challenge by applying innovative Object-Oriented Bayesian Network (OOB) techniques to mathematically model, manage and understand the complex relationships between design factors such as: technology maturity; component, system, or ship performance; development costs; implementation costs; schedules; and life-cycle factors such as reliability, maintainability, and sustainability. Moreover, the capability will evaluate the expected value, level of risk, and variable sensitivities for different combinations of systems within multiple ship configurations to determine optimal technology insertion strategies

RESEARCH ANALYSIS & ENGINEERING, INC.
3601 Wilson Blvd., Suite 650
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 294-4236
Dr. Wayne Martin
NAVY 05-053      Awarded: 25MAY05
Title:Modeling the Impact of Technology Transition on Ship Operational Capabilities
Abstract:Research Analysis and Engineering (RAE) is pleased to offer a Phase 1 effort providing feasibility analysis, system architecture, and implementation planning for modeling the impact of technology transition on ship costs and operational capabilities. Our approach includes integration of existing technology transition tools with existing ship models and optimization algorithms to help the DD(X) program optimize performance based on extensible user-specified criteria.

SIMVENTIONS, INC.
11903 Bowman Dr, Suite 102
Fredericksburg, VA 22408
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 372-7727
Mr. Lawrence M. Root
NAVY 05-053      Awarded: 25MAY05
Title:Modeling the Impact of Technology Transition on Ship Operational Capabilities
Abstract:The introduction of COTS hardware, commercial standards and commercial development practices offers the opportunity for a rapid and systematic introduction of new capabilities and technology into fleet platforms. Essential ingredients for a shrinking R&D budget while warfighter needs and sustainability of systems are at the highest level in 30 years. Support systems, like the Naval Collaborative Engineering Environment (NCEE) are being stood up to provide the requisite Integrated Digital Environment (IDE) for the design, development, test and configuration control for the spiral development of capability for new ship designs and existing ship modernization. Missing from this collaborative environment is the ability to mix cost, schedule, platform, architecture and mission analysis information to identify capability and technology insertion that will provide optimal solutions for introducing related capabilities within and across platforms. The thrust of this Phase I effort is to study, evaluate and determine the feasibility of developing a prototype technology insertion planning tool that will analyze data from a mission thread operational view architecture and define existing or shortfall capabilities and technologies that will satisfy the warfighter needs. Phase II of this SBIR entails the development and demonstration of the model against a set of criteria defined in the NCEE.

TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC.
10201 Lee Highway, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 691-7781
Mr. Michael Stoddard
NAVY 05-053      Awarded: 25MAY05
Title:Modeling the Impact of Technology Transition on Ship Operational Capabilities
Abstract:The development and maintenance of large, complex systems and systems of systems such as the DDX or Aegis systems requires a monumental degree of planning and organization in order to complete even the seemingly most simple tasks. To make matters even more challenging, the DDX system is engaged in a Spiral Development and Technology Insertion paradigm in which systems are developed, and then inserted into the larger system, evaluated, improved and then reinserted as the system matures. In such an environment decisions must be made at each step to ensure that the system will perform as expected, when expected, and meet its budgetary requirements. New technologies must meet performance requirements that may be dependent on other applications and new technologies. This implies that some technologies must be inserted prior to others because of some dependency on previously inserted models. Finally, the technology must meet the budgetary constraints set forth. When new technology is considered for insertion into the larger system, there are a number of factors that need to be evaluated to ensure the technology meets the requirements described above. Some of these factors are the maturity of the technology, the estimated performance of the technology in the larger environment, its reliability, maintainability, and its sustainability. Other factors involve the many kids of cost of a system; its development cost, life-cycle cost, and its cost to maintain. Another factor involved is the impact the insertion itself will have on the system the technology is being inserted into. Trident Systems proposes to develop a suite of software tools designed to provide these capabilities. This Technology Insertion Planning Capability (TIPC) should provide the Navy with a significant set of tools for evaluating the impact of changes during the Spiral Development Process. These tools would make use of the latest graph technology to create dependency graphs of the technologies that are being modeled. Rules and algorithms would be developed that provide a coherent structure in the area of technology insertion. These algorithms will allow the software to be structured in such a way as to provide the necessary automation to construct technology insertion schedules based on the dependence of the technologies on other parts of the graph, as well as to optimize the schedule based on criteria such as the cost of the insertion, or the performance increase that would be realized. The primary feature of the system would be an engine that evaluates the technology entities based on the concept of dependency. A model of a system can be created that has, as entities, the technological elements currently under development. The model will consist of a graph that contains the technologies as nodes, and the dependencies as edges in the graph. This model would represent a level of abstraction above that of the system state model or the implementation.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
Dr. George Zhao
NAVY 05-054      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Wireless, In Situ Guided Wave Structural Health Monitoring System with a Power Harvesting Rectenna
Abstract:Structural integrity is a vital issue for mission success. Various defects such as metal cracks, corrosion, composite fiber breakage and delamination at critical loading areas, if not detected and repaired in time, may lead to a catastrophic system failure. Traditional inspection methods are limited to a point-by-point manner and very time consuming. Erection of scaffolding or disassembly of the structures is often needed to inspect the interior and inaccessible components. We propose a wireless in-situ guided wave health monitoring system. It consists of very small, low cost guided wave leave-in-place health monitoring sensors known as piezo-disks, an innovative Correlation Analysis Technique (CAT) for fast defect sizing and localization, a miniaturized local computing device with on-board pulsing, multi-channel data acquisition and processing capabilities, and a conformal microwave rectenna for wireless powering the in-situ system for remote monitoring. The envisioned system can inspect a relatively large area, instantaneously provide reliable and quantitative data such as defect location and severity levels; minimize and eventually eliminate the need for structural disassembly, and be able to communicate wirelessly and remotely to the maintenance personnel. The projected total cost of this system will be less than $3000.

JENTEK SENSORS, INC.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Dr. Neil Goldfine
NAVY 05-054      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Multi-Material System Health Monitoring for DD(X)
Abstract:Shipboard condition assessment and structural integrity monitoring for multifunctional, multi-material systems cannot be adequately addressed by conventional nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods. This proposed Phase I will develop hybrid methods that integrate multiple sensing modalities (e.g. thermal and magnetic) to address the unique health monitoring needs of multi-material systems. This effort will develop key technologies required for monitoring damage (e.g., fatigue, delaminations/disbands, corrosion) and usage (e.g. temperature and stress) states using networks of JENTEK's proprietary MWM (inductive) and IDED (capacitive) sensors as well as integration with other sensing modalities (e.g. ultrasound and thermal) as needed. Data fusion will be accomplished using JENTEK's proprietary model-based Grid Methods to self-consistently monitor multiple unknown properties of multi-material systems. We have assembled a team with expertise in key areas to support successful implementation of a wireless, structural damage assessment and monitoring capability for DD(X). Wireless data acquisition will be integrated into the solution with the support of Oceana Sensors, and Northrop Grumman will be part of this team effort by providing engineering guidance and problem definition support. This Phase I effort will identify specific DD(X) needs and will include a demonstration of capability with a material construct representative of a high priority DD(X) structural element.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-0687
Dr. Joseph Heyman
NAVY 05-054      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Advanced Automated Wireless Structural Health Assessment
Abstract:For this Phase I Navy SBIR project, Luna Innovations, Inc. proposes to develop and demonstrate the laboratory prototype of a sparse network of large area ultrasonic wireless sensors permanently mounted on or embedded into an advanced materials structure. These sensors can be used for monitoring a number of health-critical parameters such as location, extent, and severity of defects including fiber breaks, cracks, delaminations and impact damage in composites, change of material parameters due to fatigue, corrosion or aging, as well the time and location of damage onset. Additionally, the system can assess the overall component performance - an important integral property that does not necessarily correlate with the detection of defects. Luna Innovations possesses broad expertise in the field of ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation technology and wireless sensors. Based on proprietary ultrasonic technology and on successful Luna Innovations research programs, the instrument concept builds on decades of award-winning research by the PI while at NASA that now can be brought to commercial uses with the Luna philosophy of invent, build and commercialize which has led to six new spin-off companies in the past 4 years.

MATERIALS SCIENCES CORP.
181 Gibraltar Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Dr. Anthony A. Caiazzo
NAVY 05-054      Awarded: 28APR05
Title:Development of a Structural Damage Assessment System (MSC P5004)
Abstract:The product of the SBIR program outlined in this proposal is a damage assessment system designed to quickly provide data on the health of a composite structure. Emphasis is placed on development of a structural damage assessment system (SDAS) that enables integration of various NDE techniques with specialty health assessment software for composite materials via a wireless connection. The concept integrates traditional and emerging wide-area inspection techniques with specialty analysis software using a wireless based device that processes the information and returns the health assessment. The Phase I program will establish the feasibility of a SDAS system by conducting laboratory scale inspections of composite panels, demonstrating wireless data transfer and integration with special purpose analysis routines required to quantify damage.

ACCURATE AUTOMATION CORP.
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Mr. Chadwick J. Cox
NAVY 05-055      Awarded: 27APR05
Title:Autonomous Operation of UAVs from USVs
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will address the integral operation of a USV with multiple UAVs. Such a system leverages the advantages of both platforms while compensating for the limitations of each. The USV provides range and endurance, deploying the UAVs across a long distance or after long periods on station. The USV also provides sensor coverage of the underwater environment, of which a UAV has a limited view. The UAVs extend the USV's sight over the horizon and provide additional communications range. AAC has outlined an innovative concept for stowing, launching, recovering, refueling, and then relaunching or restowing, multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) from an Unmanned Surface Vessel (USV). This concept is identified as the Automated Launch and Recovery System (ALaRS) and it is based upon an Autonomous Ball Catch (ABC).

MARITIME APPLIED PHYSICS CORP.
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 524-3330
Mr. Daniel Harris
NAVY 05-055      Awarded: 27APR05
Title:Automated Launch and Recovery of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles from Unmanned Surface Vehicles
Abstract:This proposal, submitted by Maritime Applied Physics Corp (MAPC) under the U.S. Navy SBIR topic N05-055 "Automated Launch and Recovery of Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles from Unmanned Surface Vehicles", is intended to address this need by developing a practical automated launch and recovery/refueling systems for unmanned aerial vehicles, for use onboard an unmanned boat. The primary goals of this system are: Automated start, launch, recovery, and refueling of up to four small (25 lb, 6 foot wingspan, 6 foot length) Naval unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from an unmanned surface vessel. Data transfer and UAV reprogramming while refueling. Fit into the payload bay of the 40 foot Low Speed USSV currently under development by NSWC. Operate in a seaway.

NDI ENGINEERING CO.
100 Grove Road, P.O. Box 518
Thorofare, NJ 08086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(856) 848-0033
Mr. Ted M. Heinrich
NAVY 05-056      Awarded: 27APR05
Title:Advanced Variable Speed Drive
Abstract:Demonstrate the feasibility for a compact, lightweight, high power density shipboard Advanced Variable Speed Drive. The drive must interface to the Integrated Condition Assessment System (ICAS)to more efficiently and automatically run shipboard induction motor applications.

RELIABILITY & PERFORMANCE TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
252 Rothschild Lane
Harlysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 862-4773
Mr. Bernard J. Ryder
NAVY 05-056      Awarded: 27APR05
Title:Advanced Variable Speed Drive
Abstract:The U.S. Navy has independent variable speed drive (VSD) projects geared for specific system applications. However, there is no long term or fleet wide effort to develop a standard 450VAC VSD system design which will meet the stringent requirements set forth in MIL-STD 1399 (Electrical Power System Interface Standards) and MIL-STD 461E (Electromagnetic Interference Standards). The current 450VAC VSD technologies employed by these various projects require the use of large and heavy input transformers to reduce the harmonic noise generated by the VSD or large input EMI filters to mitigate high frequency (EMI) noise emissions. In most cases it is the input transformer requirement, which prohibits the use of the VSD, due to shipboard space and weight restrictions. The Advanced Variable Speed Drive (AVSD) project will develop an advanced AC inverter system for use on 450 Volt applications to eliminate input harmonics and reduce EMI noise generation to within the limitations of Mil-Std- 461. Furthermore, the advancements in shipboard automation and control of motor-based systems by variable speed drives will be drastically improved by the integration of the AVSD PLC controls, which can be used to enable Condition Based Maintenance software applications such as ICAS, and otherwise contribute to reducing motor systems' maintenance requirements. The use of variable speed drives will allow total integration of motor-based systems into the automated ship controls environment.

SATCON TECHNOLOGY CORP.
27 Drydock Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 897-2447
Dr. Edward Lovelace
NAVY 05-056      Awarded: 27APR05
Title:Wireless Advanced Variable Speed Drive for Naval Auxiliary Loads
Abstract:SatCon Technology Corporation working with 3eTI will develop a Wireless Advanced Variable Speed (WAVeS) Drive system for the LPD-17 ship to improve mission effectiveness and reduce Total Ownership Cost (TOC) auxiliary load drive systems. This will be achieved by demonstrating advanced technology developed by these two US small businesses that provides enabling capabilities, improved performance over variable speed drives based on COTS drive components from large industrial manufacturers, and will enhance the competitiveness of US-based small businesses as major suppliers for the next generation US Naval fleet and All Electric Ship program thrusts. In Phase I, we will perform a trade study comparison and concept design to develop an optimized solution and establish the feasibility of the final approach. The result of a subsequent Phase II program will be the design, fabrication, and testing of a demonstration WAVeS Drive. The present target is a 60HP main reduction gear lube oil pump drive suitable for proceeding into military qualification testing in Phase III.

TKC INTERNATIONAL LLC
P.O. Box 2102
Middleburg, VA 20118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 253-5048
Dr. Anthony R. Wells
NAVY 05-057      Awarded: 10MAY05
Title:Innovative Modeling and Gaming Approaches for Submarine Battle Space Components to Identify Cost-Effective Capabilities and Technologies.
Abstract:TKC International LLC will employ its unique and innovative concepts for analyzing and modeling Submarine Force capabilities and technologies. TKC's Wells Doctrine, named after its inventor and PI, has been translated into a weapons-target centric modeling approach for submarines. TKC's model stands back from traditional platform centric approaches and analyses key data sources from the perspective of the end game, weapons on targets. TKC's concepts enable submarine build costs, through life ownership costs, including manpower, training, and operating costs, and R&D costs, to be put in a true context of total ownership. TKC weighs and measures submarine capabilities and technologies in terms of both economic cost effectiveness and, equally critically, in terms of weapons-target effectiveness.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Naibing Ma
NAVY 05-058      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Broadband Multichannel Slipring
Abstract:To address the U.S. Navy need for a robust, reconfigurable, high-speed communication system to transfer data between remote sensors and inboard processing equipment aboard submarines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Broadband Multichannel Slipring (BMCS). This proposed device is based on a Fiber Optic Rotary Joint (FORJ), time division multiplexing (TDM), wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), and roll-ring technologies. It will include a three-channel FORJ, a three-channel roll-ring electrical slipring, and a three-channel RF coupler. The BMCS will simultaneously transfer analog/digital, optical, and electrical signals/data at high speeds/data rates, it will be lightweight and compact, durable, reliable, and maintenance-free, with wide bandwidth, low loss, and high security. The novel BMCS is bidirectional and freely rotating. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of transmitting multiple data, audio/video, and sensing signals through a prototype BMCS at high speed between a stationary base and a rotary platform. In Phase II POC plans to fully develop a BMCS to replace current Navy copper-based rotary joints with sufficient capacity for future sensors.

SEDNA DIGITAL SOLUTIONS, LLC
11350 Random Hills Road, Suite 800
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 361-8333
Mr. Michael G. Beasley
NAVY 05-059      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:High Fidelity Front End Simulation for Complex Physics-Based Processing Systems
Abstract:A high fidelity front end simulation system is proposed using proven and planned technology to minimize development risk and cost. The All World Environment Simulation (AWESIM) technology is used to provide high fidelity simulation. AWESIM technology is proven, modular and scalable. By coupling AWESIM with other planned products, the Sonar Trainer Interface Unit (STIU) and Sedna's Common Processing, we propose to address three major problem areas in the production cycle of tactical systems; system certification issues endemic with the use of low fidelity simulators, algorithm development support for the Advanced Processing Builds (APBs), and new sensor evaluation. For system certification issues, we describe a test configuration using AWESIM, the STIU, and the additional processing required to fully take advantage of the AWESIM's high fidelity engine. We also describe how to leverage assets at multiple sites while not encroaching on the integrity of natural sub-system interfaces. For APB development support, we show how using Sedna's Common Processing with AWESIM provides a supplement to recorded data. Sedna's Common Processing is designed from the ground up with flexibility, a must-have for APB developers. Finally, we show how to combine AWESIM and the Common Processing to support new sensor evaluation.

TALLEY DEFENSE SYSTEMS
4051 N. Higley Road, P.O. Box 34299
Mesa, AZ 85277
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 898-2283
Mr. Kevin Maikis
NAVY 05-061      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Next Generation Controlled Impulse Ejection System
Abstract:Talley Defense Systems, with over 40 years of experience in developing and producing gas generators, will evaluate various launch and gas generator concepts to obtain a variable delivery impulse to eject underwater countermeasures. The system will be designed to vary the ejection energy to control the countermeasure eject velocity, using a computed solution from given factors of depth, temperature, weight, and speed. The concepts will include a segmented solid-propellant gas generator, a throttled output gas generator and a gas generator with oxidizer addition to the propellant by-products. Three propellants will be evaluated and compared for each concept.

VERITAY TECHNOLOGY, INC.
4845 Millersport Highway, P.O. Box 305
East Amherst, NY 14051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 689-0177
Mr. Randy Salizzoni
NAVY 05-061      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Next Generation Controlled Impulse Ejection System
Abstract:Submarine countermeasures can be launched underwater at a range of depths that spans the submarine operational spectrum. Because the family of countermeasures may require a range of ejection impulses to reduce the pressure stress and shock environment, a variable ejection system is needed to deliver the required impulse based on specific countermeasure properties and launch depth. The current system uses a common fixed output ejection system for all devices to be ejected. The next-generation ejection system will have the capability to automatically select and control the impulse imparted to the ejected device with the impulse being tailored to the weight and desired velocity of the device to be ejected. In the proposed Phase I program, concept feasibility and suitability for optimized countermeasure ejection will be demonstrated through a combination of simulation and experimentation. A simulation capability will be developed that includes the parameters and physical phenomena that are required to properly describe the ejection event. By simulation, the baseline design can be optimized to meet the impulse and countermeasure ejection velocity requirement with a minimum peak acceleration level. Full-scale experimental work will help to validate the simulation capability and demonstrate the critical functions of the ejector concept.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-7130
Dr. Glenn Bastiaans
NAVY 05-062      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Fiber Optic Gas Sensing System for Submarine Atmosphere
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems, with funding from NASA and Boeing, is developing optical sensors for oxygen, hydrogen, and other gases for safety and operational applications at launch sites in spacecraft, and in launch vehicles. Advantages of our sensing approach include multipoint distributed sensing, instantaneous detection, centralized power and monitoring, absence of electromagnetic interference, and elimination of inadvertent ignition sources. In addition to meeting specific NASA requirements, these optical fiber sensors have many advantageous properties that lend them to other applications. These include unobtrusiveness, low power requirements, compact size, low cost, and the ability to be readily integrated with existing optical fiber communication bundles. IOS proposes to perform the research and development needed to adapt and extend the fiber sensor approach to the submarine environment, replacing sampling-based detection systems. Existing and emerging NAVY applications, including those of the Virginia-class submarine, are excellent candidates for adoption and expansion of this optical gas sensing technology. Undersea warfare requires extreme stealth, including suppression of unwanted electromagnetic emissions, and minimal bulk and weight wherever possible in order to maximize space availability for primary mission components and personnel. Finally optical gas sensing requires little or no specialized personnel training and little hands-on operation outside of infrequent maintenance.

LOS GATOS RESEARCH
67 East Evelyn Ave., Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 965-3459
Dr. An-Dien Nguyen
NAVY 05-062      Awarded: 11MAY05
Title:Multiplexed Optical Fiber Sensor Arrays for Submarine Atmosphere Analysis
Abstract:Los Gatos Research (LGR) proposes to develop, test and deploy a compact, rugged and easy-to-use optical fiber sensor array device based on a new optical fiber-based cavity-enhanced absorption technique known as Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (ICOS). This novel instrument will record concentration measurements of multiple gases including NH3 and C2H4 with ultrahigh sensitivity, accuracy and specificity in real time and without external calibration for submarine environment. By significantly increasing the measurement accuracy and sensitivity of ethylene and ammonia, the proposed device will allow more reliable monitoring of the atmosphere quality throughout the ship and providing control input to the ship's ventilation system and trace contaminant removal system. In Phase I, LGR will develop and test a prototype ICOS sensor array that can measure NH3 and C2H4 with state of the art accuracy, specificity, repeatability, and sensitivity. The sensor instrument will measure both NH3 and C2H4 concentrations with sensitivity of 1 ppmv (or better), and require no calibration or reference gas.

PLANNING SYSTEMS, INC.
12030 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite 400, Reston Plaz
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 788-7774
Mr. Eric Todd
NAVY 05-063      Awarded: 12MAY05
Title:Acoustic Data Software "Intelligent Agent" Search Tool
Abstract:Frequent ARCI system upgrades, the addition of new sensors, new classes of targets, and operations in congested areas combine to make the sonar operator's job busier. While sonar data is stored on board during tactical operations, operators do not have time to review it for missed contacts. A tool capable of reviewing stored sonar data for potential missed contacts or indicators of contacts could mine significant additional value from sonar data in the tactical environment. We propose to utilize the technique of Case Based Reasoning (CBR) to assist passive sonar operators. CBR fits this problem particularly well because, while passive sonar analysis is very experience dependent, subjective, and difficult to reduce to firm rules, there are many interpreted data cases available. This is the type of application for which CBR was developed. Case Based Reasoning operates by extracting from the case library cases most similar to the current data, evaluating those cases to determine how they fit the current data, and adapting the current data case into the case library. CBR is currently being used in a broad range of analysis-heavy applications such as medical diagnosis and mechanical diagnosis, so we consider this to be a very feasible approach.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6106
Mr. John Sevick
NAVY 05-063      Awarded: 12MAY05
Title:Acoustic Data Software "Intelligent Agent" Search Tool
Abstract:Sonar operators manually fuse observed historical sonar data to determine not only a target's motion and position, but also to learn patterns of behavior over time which can provide a tactical advantage via prediction of future behavior. Because operators must change watches and there is a voluminous amount of relevant data that spans from hours to months, it is difficult and manpower intensive to take full advantage of this information. Database capabilities have grown tremendously due to increases in storage device technology and affordable computing power. These advances have enabled the field of Data Mining - the application of intelligent pattern recognition algorithms such as neural networks and expert systems for the extraction of hidden predictive information from large databases.Progeny Systems has exploited the growth in massive COTS storage capability to develop the Digital Data Collection System (DDCS) for the ARCI and VA-class submarine platforms. DDCS archives a significant portion of the sonar system data from element level acoustic data to contact followers (trackers). We will combine DDCS capability, sonar operator expertise, and mature data mining techniques to develop an Intelligent Agent capability to assist the sonar operator in using historical information for target motion analysis and prediction.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2408
Dr. Cullen Jackson
NAVY 05-064      Awarded: 12MAY05
Title:Data Integration for Validation of Effectiveness of Systems -(DIVES)
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is taking advantage of the revolution in information technology to support rapid evolution of its command and control systems. Along with the ability to rapidly reconfigure displays and controls, however, comes the need to rigorously evaluate the effectiveness of new human-machine interface designs. For submarine combat systems, the introduction of new Combat Control displays has the potential to change the most effective processes for the combat team. Data collection for evaluating the performance effectiveness for new technology should also provide insight into the optimal crew size, processes, and team design that are enabled by that technology. DIVES, the envisioned product of this SBIR, is a unique tool that will integrate data from various sources on operator use of operational display technologies, both for individual and teams. The tool will assist technology evaluators understand data collected on user-system interactions. DIVES will provide recommendations for improvements to the processes, protocols, and procedures for collecting data and a framework for putting the data together into a coherent and understandable set of specifications for the redesign of the display technologies as well as the team processes involved in using the technologies for real-time decision making.

MICRO ANALYSIS & DESIGN, INC.
4949 Pearl East Circle, Suite 300
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-6947
Mr. Ron Small
NAVY 05-064      Awarded: 12MAY05
Title:Human Interface Evaluation Methods for Submarine Combat Systems
Abstract:The most common cause of submarine combat system failures is human error. A prevalent approach is to reduce errors by (a) consulting with domain experts to determine what caused each error, and (b) providing a system upgrade to fix the individual problems that caused each error. The problem with this approach is that the sum of the individual solutions does not necessarily create a better overall system solution. And, presently, there are no tools for evaluating the impact of system upgrades on performance. The objectives for Phase I are to understand the sources of error for a typical submarine combat system operator task (e.g., target tracking), and then to develop a human performance model. In addition to the model, we will address the sources of error using our error remediation techniques and tools. The ultimate goal is to provide products (i.e., tools and processes) that improve system performance, that objectively measure those improvements, and that help incorporate the proven improvements into the fleet.

21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC.
12152 Windsor Hall Way
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 850-1866
Mr. Mak Wootten
NAVY 05-066      Selected for Award
Title:Software Tools for Information Assured Intelligent Agents (IA)^2
Abstract:Software Agents and Agent Systems are steadily transitioning from small research projects to mainstream industrial and government markets. Multi-agent systems will live up to the expectations of implementing an openly-architected replacement of legacy stove-piped systems by providing flexible, customizable, user-friendly network-centric solutions. However, most of the currently available multi-agent systems do not address sufficiently the requirements and needs of information assurance. The problem is exacerbated in the DoD, where security requirements are stringent and agents are looked upon as unsafe. potentially harmful entities. To solve this problem in the context of large network-centric enterprise services (NCES) applications in the Navy (and DoD-wide), we propose a tool-based information assurance approach for complex multi-agent systems. By addressing IA as a first-class concern throughout the process of system engineering we enable the construction of systems that are automatically assured based on the certification the tools used to build and test those systems. Thus, the system's IA properties will emerge as a natural side-effect of engineering it in a rigorous manner, using the validated and certified Information Assured Intelligent Agents (IA2) tool suite. This suite of software tools, including analysis and transformation engines for software agents, is the core of the proposed technology.

KESTREL TECHNOLOGY LLC
3260 Hillview Ave.
Palo Alto, CA 94304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 320-8888
Dr. Douglas R. Smith
NAVY 05-066      Selected for Award
Title:Guaranteed Information Assurance in Netcentric-Compliant Information Systems
Abstract:This project will develop a new class of design environments that support (1) the development of models of a system and (2) the enforcement crosscutting information assurance and safety constraints at the model level. These early-stage design models can then be translated to code by some combination of manual effort and automated code generators. The net result is system code that comes with certification of its safety properties. This project will develop a Model Development Environment, called MDE, for designing complex net-centric systems with guaranteed safety properties and information assurance. MDE will support the development of modular system models that capture basic system functionality, together with modular specification of crosscutting constraints on safety and information assurance. Automated tools enforce and check crosscutting constraints in the models. MDE will support the rapid and low-cost production of high assurance distributed system code. MDE will be built as a plug in to an open platform (Eclipse) and be interoperable with UML.

ELECTRO ENERGY, INC.
30 Shelter Rock Road
Danbury, CT 06810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 797-2699
Mr. Martin Klein
NAVY 05-067      Selected for Award
Title:Variable Buoyancy Device for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
Abstract:The project focuses on the development of an electrochemical variable buoyancy device for autonomous underwater vehicles. The approach is based on the electrochemistry of metal-gas batteries, wherein one electrode has a gaseous reactant and the other is a metal or metal oxide. The proposed electrochemical couple is metal hydride - hydrogen, which combines the metal hydride electrode of nickel metal hydride batteries with the hydrogen electrode of nickel - hydrogen batteries. Applying a charge current to this couple produces hydrogen gas which is passed to a flexible metal bladder. This enables rapid and precise buoyancy changes by passing a known amount of electrical charge.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Dr. Marthinus C. van Schoor
NAVY 05-067      Selected for Award
Title:Active Buoyancy Control
Abstract:The ability to actively control the buoyancy of underwater sea gliders could greatly enhance the efficiency of the underwater vehicles. Both large displacements as well as small (trim) displacements are beneficial to finely control the buoyancy of the sea glider. Mide proposes to utilize either shape memory allow (SMA) dimples, or super elastic alloy (SEA) dimples of varying size, to alter the volume of the craft at select locations, thus altering the buoyancy of the sea glider. In their non-actuated state the dimples would utilize the external water pressure to lay conformed to the glider body, when actuated the dimples would create small mounds on the body of the sea glider. The SMA dimples would be actuated via heaters and pressure, and the SEA would be actuated via pressure. By actuated the dimples with pressure, the actuation can be tailored dependent upon depth in the ocean.

ACREE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
308 Jackson St., Suite 2
Oakland, CA 94607
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 923-0291
Dr. Mike McFarland
NAVY 05-068      Selected for Award
Title:Wet Film Thickness Sensor/Device for Navy Platforms
Abstract:The purpose of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of using an infrared radiation detection system to accurately measure the thickness of marine paint as it is being applied. The measurement will be used to control ship automated paint application systems. The proposed measurement technique is robust and will allow the system to be constructed from inexpensive, off-the-shelf fiber optic components.

SYSTEMS & MATERIALS RESERACH CONSULTANCY
19300 Crosswind Circle
Spicewood, TX 78669
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-0822
Dr. Alan V. Bray
NAVY 05-068      Selected for Award
Title:Wet Film Thickness Sensor/Device for Navy Platforms
Abstract:Measuring dry film thickness (DFT) with microwave nondestructive evaluation (MNDE) to mil accuracy has been demonstrated by SMRC's recently introduced K-band MNDE DFT tool. Extending to wet film thickness (WFT) measurement over unknown DFT requires a dual-sensor approach. X-band data for WFT over DFT in high solids paint (80% Zn) are promising - changes in microwave response as the paint dries are clear indications that SAPACS WFT measurements are feasible. In Phase I three X-band MNDE sensors will be built with standoffs from 4" - 6" with at least 1/2 mil accuracy in WFT over DFT, and 1/4 mil over metal substrates. SMRC proposes to build a detailed SAPACS WFT measurement model to support developing a design that minimizes systematic and random noise due to SAPACS motion and hull morphology. Sensor calibration data for WFT and DFT will be collected for single and multiple layers and types of hull paints. The X-band units will be combined into a dual-sensor system in Phase I Option as a pre-prototype SAPACS WFT MNDE measurement tool. The WFT measurement model will be continuously updated with DFT/WFT calibration and sensitivity data, making it a realistic, valuable design tool for Phase II development.

APPLIED SYSTEMS INTELLIGENCE, INC.
11660 Alpharetta Highway, Suite 720
Roswell, GA 30076
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 518-4228
Mr. Bradley A. Singletary
NAVY 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Enhancing Tactical Decision-Making in Navy Seal Operations
Abstract:Our solution to creating a quick response, collaborative capability among Navy SEAL teams is centered upon a system that will provide the SEALs with direct collaboration support, automated collaboration support, intelligence surveillance reconnaissance (ISR), capture and access support, facilitation of distributed command and control (C2), and automated reporting. In an effort to maximize effectiveness of this system in the SEALs operational environment, these benefits will be implemented on a wearable computing environment that will allow the operator to maintain situational focus without distraction. There are several different types of events including intelligence, dialog, status, and mission events that are capture, monitored, and rapidly communicated to all members of the SEAL team as well as the Tactical Operations Center. This enables faster and seamless data automation and collaboration in a hostile environment. Additionally, this system will allow for intelligent event management that generates events automatically with respect to the current situation. By developing an easily integrated collaborative capability, this system will provide the SEAL teams with a best of breed technological interface that will dramatically increase team lethality while reducing the associated risk to any given mission.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 842-1548
Dr. Lawrence Sager
NAVY 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Enhancing Tactical Decision-Making in Navy Seal Operations
Abstract:Network centric warfare offers increased connectivity across echelons, enabling smaller, lighter units to behave with greater independence and respond faster to changing operational contexts. Nowhere is this capability more valuable than in Special Warfare, where small teams seek to move rapidly, flexibly, and decisively in response to unusual challenges. But while greater connectivity may enhance situational awareness and improve tactical decision making, it also threatens to impose information overload, and this danger is particularly critical for small teams operating on the battlefield. To address this problem, we propose to develop SWIFT (Special Warfare Information Funneling Toolkit), a collaborative capability enabling Navy SEAL teams to acquire, process, and share the information they need to collaborate in tactical decisions. To meet this goal, SWIFT will facilitate information delivery to Navy SEAL personnel by identifying, prioritizing, and mapping information needs onto available information sources. The fundamental challenge we will address in this project is the funneling of the right information to the right person at the right time, organized and presented in a cognitively friendly format that is (1) optimized for that person's roles and responsibilities; (2) accounts for that person's geographical location; and (3) fits the data communication, security, and user interface capabilities of the hardware device with which he is equipped.

PACIFIC SCIENCE & ENGINEERING GROUP, INC.
9180 Brown Deer Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
Dr. Mark F. St. John
NAVY 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Enhancing Tactical Decision-Making in Navy Seal Operations
Abstract:Two clear trends in the U.S. military's ongoing transformation are the increasing reliance on Special Operations Forces for agile operations in the War on Terrorism and the revolution in networked information tools that can be deployed to the field. Harnessing the potential of these networked tools for Special Warfare requires the development of innovative collaboration tools that support the distributed, highly mobile, and mission-centric nature of Naval Special Warfare. Pacific Science & Engineering (PSE) has the scientific expertise and decision support development experience, coupled with access to expert military users, to integrate emerging cognitive science concepts in collaborative knowledge management into an innovative shared situation awareness and map-integrated messaging tool for Naval Special Warfare. This tool concept, which we call SLATE for Shared Lightweight Annotation TEchnology, focuses on two capabilities to enhance shared situation awareness and tactical decision-making: 1) contextualized, map-centric integration of new information for rapid comprehension and efficient communication, and 2) integrated message history for maintaining shared situation awareness across intermittent interruptions. SLATE addresses several critical technical challenges facing the Special Warfare environment such as time pressure, small screen real estate, and ultra-light network communications.

MOBIUS TRANSMETALS, INC.
10000 Caliente Creek Road
Caliente, CA 93518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(661) 867-2707
Mr. Leroy 'augie' Dunning
NAVY 05-070      Selected for Award
Title:Synthesis of Alpha Aluminum Hydride an Advanced Propellant Ingredient
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is the Synthesis of a 25-gm sample of Alpha Polymorph, Rhombic Cube of Aluminum Trihydride, AlH3, "Alane," and provide characterization, analysis, and delivery to government laboratories for evaluation. The result will demonstrate the feasibility of producing Polymorphic Aluminum Hydride in a single-phase reaction between vaporous aluminum and hydrogen. This Phase I proposal including option, will demonstrate the objective stated above as verification-of-process for a Phase II apparatus, the Mobius Trans-Metals Inc., Advanced Metal Gas Vapor Reactor, AMGVR, in order to scale-up the process to pound quantities for larger-scale evaluation and process research as well as establish parameters to define mini-pilot plant design of pure Alpha Alane (2000 pounds/year scale);

POWDERMET, INC.
24112 Rockwell drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Mr. Andrew Sherman
NAVY 05-070      Selected for Award
Title:Dry Synthesis of Alpha Aluminum Hydride
Abstract:The use of alane in new propellants is projected to yield greater than 10% gain of specific impulse (Isp) over the state of the art solid propellants. This would translate into a 30% increase in range for a single stage tactical missile, a 4,400 lb (10%) payload increase for the Titan Solid Rocket Motor (SRM), or a 1,100 lb (20%) payload increase for the IUS (space shuttle) upper stage. Commercially available materials, however, do not possess adequate stability and compatibility with solid propellant ingredients to allow development of practical propellants, due to low thermal stability and impurities. This proposal will investigate a scalable, dry synthesis approach to producing pure alpha alane wihtout the use of solvents. The approach is based on recent advances int he production of alanes for hydrogen storage, and utilizes catalyst materials and high pressure and temperature to synthesize the alane powders. Additionally, a precision nano-encapsulation technique will be used to stabalize the alane particles to provide long term stability in contact with AN and AP and other proellant ingredients.

BODKIN DESIGN & ENGINEERING, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 235-6351
Mr. Andrew Bodkin
NAVY 05-071      Selected for Award
Title:Development of a miniature, hyperspectral imaging digital camera
Abstract:Hyperspectral imagers have the ability to resolve both spectral and spatial data and are an ideal solution to identify obscured or resolution limited targets, defeat camouflage, and identify both solid and gaseous chemicals. However, to create a low-power, hand-held device based on this technology requires new approaches to those used by traditional spatially or spectrally scanned instruments, which are bulky and costly. BD&E proposes an innovative approach utilizing a Hyper-Pixel Array (HPA) that offers the same benefits as traditional systems but is smaller and more robust than traditional hyperspectral imagers and reduces the digital processing required to analyze the data. In Phase I we propose to build a portable, battery powered system that operates in conjunction with the USB port on a laptop computer. In phase II of the program we will integrate the computer processor into the unit to create a hand held hyperspectral analyzer.

FASTVISION, LLC
131 D.W. Highway #529
Nashua, NH 03060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 891-4317
Dr. Joseph A. Sgro
NAVY 05-071      Selected for Award
Title:Development of a miniature, hyperspectral imaging digital camera
Abstract:The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a portable, self-contained hyperspectral digital camera able to capture and process detailed images in the Visible and Near-Infra-Red (VNIR) spectral range providing the basis for effective object detection and discrimination. This proposal's objective is to reduce size and cost of the hyperspectral digital camera and make it a self-contained instrument by taking advantage of the recent developments in:  Volume-phase concave holographic aberration-corrected gratings for flat-field detector arrays,  Very-low noise, high sensitivity EMCCD image sensors with high quantum efficiency that multiply electronic charge directly in the charge domain before conversion to voltage, with programmed amplification and very low dark current,  Miniature mechano-optical components (MEMS) in the form of the Digital Micro-mirror Devices (DMD  High-performance, advanced image processing components optimized to handle the high-bandwidth data streaming.

INNOVATIVE TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
733 Bishop Street, 28th Floor
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 457-9610
Mr. Chris Warren
NAVY 05-071      Selected for Award
Title:Miniature Hyperspectral Digital Camera
Abstract:This proposal is in support of the requirement for a miniature, hyperspectral digital camera. Described is a compact, miniature system which is a dispersive, pushbroom HSI camera that is less than 5" x 3" x 2" in size, which directly interfaces to a notebook computer with USB 2.0 interface. It utilizes a high performance, Offner relay with novel grating concept.

IRVINE SENSORS CORP.
3001 Redhill Avenue, Building #3-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 549-8211
Mr. William Mundkowsky
NAVY 05-071      Selected for Award
Title:Development of a miniature, hyperspectral imaging digital camera
Abstract:The objective of the program is to "develop a miniature, HSI digital camera with real-time discrimination analysis capabilities." There is a justified need for a Miniature digital Camera Package (MCP) utilizing the power of USB 2.0 data transfer rates in a MCP which is self-contained (i.e., HSI camera, power supply and a notebook-type computer). The USN/USMC is developing tactical mini-UAVs to provide ISR of the littorals for the forward-deployed fleet. What is needed is an advanced technology MCP sensor package that provides comprehensive ISR data in order to develop products in real-time that enhance intelligence preparation of the battle space. The proposed Irvine Sensor Corporation team's envisioned MCP system concept is based upon a set of ISR system requirements to completely satisfy the above objective and needs. The proposed innovative MCP sensor package addresses both R&D, and involves technical risk. ISC is specifically proposing a sensor design for HSI sensing in the more difficult coastal environment with the goal to achieve adequate SNR data on the least reflective background (e.g., wet sand). The MCP sensor will be designed to meet the Navy requirements for underwater detection of mines and littoral surveillance for mine detection, including land based military target detection.

SOLID STATE SCIENTIFIC CORP.
27-2 Wright Road
Hollis, NH 03049
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 598-1194
Dr. Richard Nelson
NAVY 05-071      Selected for Award
Title:Miniature Hyperspectral Imaging System
Abstract:We propose to design and model a unique hyperspectral imaging sensor that will be capable of simultaneously imaging 121 color bands. The miniature spectral imager will operate in the visible/NIR band and capture one 168'168'121 spectral data cube during each integration time. The new sensor will have no moving parts, occupy a small physical form factor, and run on a laptop computer. The design and development of this sensor represents a unique opportunity in hyperspectral sensing and imaging. This effort will benefit the development of algorithms for exploiting hyperspectral image processing techniques for static scenes and temporally evolving spectral signatures. This spectral imager will sample the spectral data cube at rates up to 8 hyperspectral cubes per second with minimal computational requirements. The sensor concept is scalable to larger or smaller imaging formats, and the spectral resolution can be adjusted to increase the spatial sampling for specific applications. In addition, the sensor can be configured so that the spectral resolution varies independently of the sampling, allowing the sensitivity of the sensor to be optimized around phenomenologically important spectral regions.

SURFACE OPTICS CORP.
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
Mr. Michael T. Beecroft
NAVY 05-071      Selected for Award
Title:Development of a miniature, hyperspectral imaging digital camera
Abstract:A program to develop a highly integrated, cost effective hyperspectral digital snapshot camera is proposed. This camera will be able to collect 3-D hyperspectral image cubes in the visible to near IR bands (VNIR) with only the aid of a laptop computer. Communication from the computer to the camera will be through a High-Speed USB 2.0 link. The entire system will be able to operate on either AC power or batteries making it completely mobile. Minimization of the packaging is obtained by having a fully integrated subsystem instead of a collage of individual components. Expensive third party components will not be used and instead, these key components will be developed/manufactured in-house to reduce cost. The application software will be easy to use with a very rich assortment of capabilities. The software will be modeled after popular off-the-shelf image processing software so that new users will have some familiarity with the software interface from the very beginning. The proposed effort represents an extension of Surface Optics' many years of experience in hyperspectral imaging design. Surface Optics' unsurpassed capability (and commitment) in engineering, algorithm development, and manufacturing will guarantee a quality product.

NEW SPAN OPTO-TECHNOLOGY, INC.
9380 SW 72nd Street, B-180
Miami, FL 33173
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(305) 321-5288
Dr. Jame J. Yang
NAVY 05-072      Selected for Award
Title:Miniature Wide Spectral Band High Resolution Infrared Spectrometer
Abstract:Chemical and biological (CB) weapons attacks have been considered as a potential threat in military operations. Identification of CB unknowns is significant for contamination avoidance and casualty reduction. Besides benefiting to military application in chemical warfare, chemical detection and identification system will have many other commercial and civilian applications. Spectroscopy method working in infrared region is well established for chemicals identification. However, these laboratory-based instruments are very bulky, heavy weight and power consuming. For field application, it is desired to develop a light-weight portable device that provides enough spectral resolution to identify unknown chemicals by searching spectral libraries of known chemical compositions for comparison. To construct a compact spectrometer, current technologies are still based on bulky infrared spectrometers operated by notebook-type computers. Although these devices are much smaller than the established laboratory spectrometers, they are still not portable nor simple enough for wide spread implementation. New Span Opto-Technology Inc. proposes herein a portable infrared spectrometer with wide spectral band and high spectral resolution through a novel scheme design with several innovations. Phase I will study the feasibility of the proposed concept by system design and preliminary bench top demonstrations. Phase II will fabricate a prototype device and demonstrate field test.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Jimmy Luo
NAVY 05-072      Selected for Award
Title:Stand-Off Portable Chemical Analyzer
Abstract:To address the U.S. Navy need of a portable device for remote identification of unknown chemicals, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Stand-off Portable Chemical Analyzer (SOPCA). This device is based on differential tunable remote sensing Raman spectrometry, Raman holographic edge filters, and spectral adaptive light filtering with an acousto-optic tunable filter. It will perform safe, convenient, efficient, and near-real-time detection and analysis of suspect chemicals, including chemical warfare agents. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed SOPCA by performing a series of tests on common laboratory chemicals in the laboratory. In Phase I POC also will begin to identify sources of financial and other support for successful commercialization of products based on SOPCA technology in Phase III. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the design and complete the development of a portable SOPCA for field testing. The Raman spectral database of materials of interest to the Navy will be assembled at the same time.

SSG, INC.
65 Jonspin Road
Wilmington, MA 01887
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 694-9991
Mr. Jay Schwartz
NAVY 05-072      Selected for Award
Title:Portable Infrared Monitor for in-field identification of chemical unknowns
Abstract:SSG Precision Optronics proposes the development of a compact handheld infrared (IR) hyperspectral instrument for detection of chemical and biological threat agents. The proposed system will combine a number of SSGPO's recent developments in compact grating imaging spectrometers and miniature front-end optics for the mid- and long-wave infrared, a new programmable sensor technology developed by Nova Sensors and our extensive heritage with hyperspectral operational hardware. This combination of technologies and experience, will provide the ability to rapidly detect and identify threat agent spectral signatures by programming the sensor to selectively detect in the hyperspectral bands that match those of the threat agent. This can be accomplished at readout rates significantly above typical camera rates (>>60 Hz) with no moving parts. The overall dimensions of a fieldable, battery powered instrument are anticipated to be on the order of 4"x 5" x 2". Phase 1 will develop system level design concepts for the compact, spectrally agile hyperspectral instrument with the base Phase 1 effort defining the system requirements and performing design trades. A Phase 1 option will experimentally confirm the viability of the system concept. Phase 2 will develop and demonstrate a prototype instrument for evaluation.

OUT OF THE FOG RESEARCH
Stuart Berkowitz, 2258 20th Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94116
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 505-3827
Dr. Stuart Berkowitz
NAVY 05-074      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Wide Band RF Distribution System
Abstract:We propose to develop the technology to address the need for advanced RF distribution systems (RFDS) that can manage or remove multiple sources of in-band (MF to UHF) and out-of-band interference. Using a combination of superconducting filters, cryogenic low-noise amplifiers, and cryogenic conventional components, EMI tolerance and EMI rejection can be introduced into the RF front end without significantly increasing the noise figure of the system or impacting proper demodulation of the received waveform. The most challenging aspect of this project is achieving the desired EMI rejection specs in this frequency range. There is currently no technology for achieving high-Q notch filters over this frequency range. We will try to extend our current bandpass design techniques to develop a high-Q notch filter. Using EM simulations and modeling, we will optimize notch resonators for operation over this frequency range and for the tunability requirements. Then, we will design fixed notch filters to prove the concept feasibility. Finally, we will project achievable parameters for a tunable filter. Successful completion of this effort will form a solid foundation for building and testing an engineering prototype in Phase II.

SEMTAS CORP.
7217 Masonville Drive
Annandale, VA 22003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 573-8454
Dr. Willliam G. Duff
NAVY 05-074      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Wide Band RF Distribution System
Abstract:Shipboard communications, electronic attack, signal acquisition and direction finding capabilities are required. It is necessary to design and develop an advanced radio frequency distribution system (RFDS) for distribution of extremely small Signal Intelligence (SIGINT), Electronic Intelligence (ELINT), Input/Output (I/O), Electronic/Attack (EA) and Communications Signals. The RFDS must provide a low noise RF path from shipboard antennas to below decks processing electronics while operating in a high electromagnetic interference (EMI) environment. SEMTAS and their subcontractor SENTEL (SEMTAS / SENTEL) are very familiar with the problem and the resulting approach to the solution. Recent developments in comb-filter architecture RF distribution systems indicate that this technology offers a solution. Prototype Comb Limiter Combiner and Comb Linear Amplifier Combiner (CLIC / CLAC) hardware was successfully demonstrated for the Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS), used by the Army, Navy, and Marines. Laboratory results indicate a significant performance improvement over that of the current frequency hopping SINCGARS multicoupler. The CLIC / CLAC architecture allows up to 16 SINCGARS radios to be connected to one transmit antenna and one receive antenna. The SEMTAS / SENTEL team will scale this technology to the specific requirements and the types of signals involved.

LINDEN PHOTONICS, INC.
270 Littleton Road, Unit #29
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 392-7985
Mr. R. J. Mansfield
NAVY 05-075      Selected for Award
Title:High Speed (15 kts) Long-Length Fiber Optic Deployment System
Abstract:We present a design proposal for a high strength, miniature optical fiber cable for high bandwidth, long distance (20km) two way communications between a submerged submarine and a floating tethered buoy. The cable has been designed for high speed (15kts) deployment using an expendable 3" buoy.

TETHERS UNLIMITED, INC.
11807 N. Creek Pkwy S., Suite B102
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 486-0100
Mr. Jeffrey Slostad
NAVY 05-075      Selected for Award
Title:High Speed (15 kts) Long-Length Fiber Optic Deployment System
Abstract:Tethers Unlimited, Inc. (TUI) proposes to develop a compact Underwater Tether Deployment (UTD) System designed to provide an optical fiber link for two-way communication between a submarine and a communication buoy. To minimize tension forces on the fiber optic, the UTD System will utilize two deployment spools, one at each end of the cable, thus enabling long lengths to be deployed at high velocities. In developing the UTD, TUI will draw upon its prior experience in the design, development and testing of tether deployment systems for space and terrestrial applications. Additionally, we will utilize our unique computerized pirn-winding machine to wind fiber optic packages that deploy at very low tensions and with zero residual twist. These design approaches will minimizes the impact that the high-speed underwater deployment has upon the integrity of a fiber optic link. The deployer will be compatible with the three-inch submarine launcher and will be designed to maximize the length of fiber that can be stored on the payout spools. The prototypes will be tested first in a water tank and then in an open water marine environment to validate the design and demonstrate its performance.

OCEAN ACOUSTICAL SERVICES & INSTRUMENTATION SYST
5 Militia Drive
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 532-2599
Dr. Kevin D. Heaney
NAVY 05-076      Awarded: 06MAY05
Title:Cost-Effective Mission Planning for Persistent Surveillance of the Littoral Physical Environment
Abstract:Effective antisubmarine warfare (ASW) requires knowledge of all aspects of the complicated undersea environment. Variability of the oceanographic temperature field affects the sound speed structure and, therefore, acoustic propagation. With the development of dynamic ocean models and long-life Autonomous Undersea Vehicles for ocean sampling, the navy has a need for an adaptive environmental measurement mission planner (EMMP). Using knowledge of shallow water oceanography, ocean modeling and acoustic propagation for ASW operations, a non-linear global optimization (Genetic Algorithm) approach will be used to determine the optimal sensor suite and sampling scheme for cost-effective ocean characterization. The goal of the measurement system is to determine the mean state of the ocean (for sonar performance prediction and ASW mission planning) and to compute the associated environmental uncertainty due to ocean variability and to sub-optimal sampling. The final modules of the EMMP will include a pre-mission planner, an automatic controller with adaptive updates for during mission optimization, and a post-mission evaluation approach to estimate the resolution of the measurements and the associated uncertainty. The model ocean, with assimilated measurements, from the Autonomous Ocean Sampling Network experiment in Monterey Bay will be used as the "true ocean" for algorithm development, application and verification.

PLANNING SYSTEMS, INC.
12030 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite 400, Reston Plaz
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(985) 649-7252
Mr. Donald Delbalzo
NAVY 05-076      Awarded: 06JUN05
Title:SEA-LOG A Sustainably Energized, Adaptive, Littoral Ocean Grid
Abstract:We propose a distributed underwater sensor grid for covert and persistent monitoring and environmental characterization of ocean physical properties, ambient noise, and the seabed in littoral regions. Each node consists of a single-point, catenary moored sub-surface float that harvests wave energy, providing power for sensors, data processing, communication, and horizontal and vertical mobility, enabling the float to avoid hazards and accidental detection. This concept embodies several revolutionary advances: a silent inductive generator to convert sub-surface wave energy to electric power; vertical mobility using a simpler buoyancy engine than existing gliders and drifters; horizontal mobility using synthetic jet or ionic polymer actuators; and using noise from passing ships to characterize seafloor properties.

FALMOUTH SCIENTIFIC, INC.
1400 RT 28A, P.O. Box 315
Cataumet, MA 02534
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 564-7640
Mr. John Baker
NAVY 05-077      Selected for Award
Title:Station-Keeping Gateway Buoy
Abstract:Gateway buoys are used to provide communications telemetry between remotely deployed undersea assets and surface or shore base command centers. These buoys are capable of transmitting information via acoustic modems, Iridium and Freewave RF. Previous versions of these buoys required battery power and needed to be moored. Operational effectiveness was limited. This proposal builds upon gateway buoy designs already completed for SPAWAR addressing the need for improvements. Dubbed "Gatekeepers," these buoys will address the requirements not found in today's designs including: an improved hydrodynamic shape to reduce power consumption for station-keeping and thereby extending useful life; alternative energy sources including solar, fuel cells and kinetic; propulsion-equipped to maintain station without mooring lines; improved overall design elements such as extended mission duration, obstacle avoidance, the addition of ACOMMs and a transducer winch system. FSI is proposing in Phase I to conduct a series of engineering investigations into the trade-offs of design to determine an optimal Gatekeeper system. FSI will build upon knowledge from its previous moored gateway buoys as well as its revolutionary Solar AUV. The Option to Phase I will deliver a completed design as well as estimated production costs for Phases II & III.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Mr. Gabriel Tse
NAVY 05-077      Selected for Award
Title:GateKeeper Buoy
Abstract:The Station Keeping GateKeeper Buoy being proposed by SARA, Inc. uses a revolutionary MHD generator to power the required FORCEnet communications equipment and the propulsion unit required for station keeping. It uses a dual buoy design, where the surface buoy contains the communications equipment and the propulsion device to enable station keeping inside the desired watch circle. The towed device is submerged and houses the MHD generator, which draws its power from the opposing motion of the two buoys transferred via the connecting tether. The focus of this proposal will be on the feasibility study in the design of the desired buoy hull forms and that of the smaller scale MHD generator. SARA currently has 2 SBIR Phase II projects for the larger scale (100 kW) MHD generator based OWEC devices and is confident that a smaller version of this generator could be designed for this application.

SEALANDAIRE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Mr. David C. Sparks
NAVY 05-077      Selected for Award
Title:Station-Keeping Gateway Communications Buoy 'Gatekeeper'
Abstract:As improvements are made to remote sensing platforms such as wake detection systems, surface communications for U.S. Navy submarines has become increasingly dangerous. Inserting an intermediate communications relay buoy at the surface would de-couple these otherwise vulnerable submarines, thereby protecting key military assets by extending their already stealthy characteristics. To further prevent submarines' locations from being disclosed during communications, the surface relay buoy must not compromise overall covertness. Eliminating local surface presence during buoy deployment and maintenance is the best method to avoid drawing attention to the location. To limit the need for maintenance, the buoy should have the ability to persist for long periods of time in the same location. The buoy should be unmoored to increase the utility of the system; this removes the need to match hardware to the water depth or current profile of the specific location while providing the option to command the buoy to a new location if necessary. Even more importantly, free floating systems are capable of surviving worse sea states than moored systems. SeaLandAire Technologies Inc., with the help of Undersea Sensor Systems Inc. (USSI), proposes to develop an innovative station-keeping, energy-harvesting communications gateway buoy (Gatekeeper) to address this opportunity.

COHERENT LOGIX, INC.
101 West 6th Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. David Gibson
NAVY 05-078      Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Anti-Jam Radio System (AAJRS)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes to develop an adaptive anti-jam radio system (AAJRS) to provide accurate position, velocity, and time (PVT) to friendly military forces in the presence of strong RF interference. Interference may include obscured satellite view, jamming (intentional or not, adaptive or not), and multipath RF propagation conditions. These interference problems increase along shorelines and in urban or mountain settings. In Phase I, CLX will combine RF and advanced signal processing techniques to achieve (under various interference conditions) the PVT accuracy of GPS Precision Positioning Service (PPS) without interference. Specifically, CLX will investigate the use of adaptive antenna techniques, adaptive spectrum management, wideband modulation techniques, link security techniques, link reliability enhancement, and GPS receiver design, in a network context in which part of the network can lock onto the GPS grid and provide position information to the rest of the network. CLX will determine the RF and signal processing requirements and the overall system trade-offs for realistic RF environments. In Phase II, CLX will develop a model of the AAJRS and Concepts of Operation. CLX will perform concept simulations for several antenna configurations including GAS-1, and for a variety of key RF environments.

NOVA ENGINEERING, INC.
5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 554-2046
Mr. Ken Fischer
NAVY 05-078      Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Anti-Jam Radio
Abstract:NORS (Networked OFDM Ranging System) is a complete positioning solution, composed of an engineered combination of innovative ranging, networking, waveform, and localization technologies. Technical components were selected to perform in the very environments where GPS is most susceptible to failure (urban and subterranean.) The proposed system also achieves GPS level accuracy over an existing communications infrastructure. The NORS system includes an innovative, narrowband ranging technique that is tightly coupled with the OFDM waveform. Furthermore, the implemented system will be capable of establishing range estimates by sniffing conventional JTRS-WNW OFDM data packets. With no transmitter modifications required, a NORS receiver can even derive range estimates from legacy equipment. A networked localization algorithm is also proposed for combining multiple range measurements into the triangulation of each node's absolute position. Range, position, velocity, and time information will be distributed over the network in a completely ad-hoc fashion. This will allow the flow of positioning information from advantaged nodes to disadvantaged (GPS-denied) nodes. The system has also been designed for low power consumption, achieved via a one-way passive ranging algorithm that sharply reduces the amount of data transmitted and through intelligent networking methods that take each node's power attributes into consideration when establishing routes.

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue, Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 644-3400
Dr. M. A. Karlovitz/Dr. W. R. Monach
NAVY 05-079      Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Gridding in Complex Physical Environments to Reduce Uncertainty
Abstract:Effective Naval warfare depends on accurate estimates of sensor performance in complex environments. Models for sonar performance provide a force multiplier by allowing own ship to optimize its tactics while avoiding counterdetection. The shift in emphasis from open ocean to littoral operations has increased the demands on models of sonar performance because data must be sampled at an order-of-magnitude finer resolution to obtain the same accuracy in littoral regions as in the open ocean. This requirement makes many models impractical to use in time-sensitive operations. A traditional response to this problem has been to replace detailed physical simulations with simpler, sensor specific, heuristics. This approach is inflexible and generally provides inferior predictions. The solution to the problem of obtaining accurate sonar performance estimates in time to meet operational constraints is to run detailed physical models at a carefully selected set of grid points. This project will use Bayesian Neural Networks to select a minimal number of grid points where detailed acoustic models will be run and which will allow the Bayesian Neural Network to make accurate predictions of sonar effectiveness throughout an operational area. The predictions will be accompanied by estimates of their accuracy.

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue, Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 938-2032
Dr. David P. Kierstead
NAVY 05-080      Selected for Award
Title:Autonomous Undersea Vehicle Track Planner (AUVTP) for Adaptive Environmental Sampling
Abstract:Environmental conditions can have a significant effect on Naval planning efforts and operations. To gain a warfare advantage, information obtained through in-situ observations and measurements of environmental properties (e.g., water depths, currents, temperature, salinity, wave spectra) can be exploited to improve the planning and execution of these operations. Such information is critical in littoral environments to support reliable wave and surf model predictions. Increasingly, mobile observational platforms, such as AUVs, are playing a greater role in the data collection process in littoral waters (due to their covertness, efficiency, increasing viability, and reduced risks). Daniel H. Wagner, Associates (DHWA), teamed with the Neptune Sciences Division of Planning Systems, Inc., proposes to develop an adaptive sampling track-planning system, for one or more AUVs, to maximize the value of data collected and achieve mission objectives. There are two major goals. The first is to investigate and develop methods to determine, prioritize, and quantify the data collection needs (spatially and temporally). The second is to develop a track-planning tool using a genetic algorithm approach, leveraging an existing algorithm developed by DHWA for ASW search planning. This tool will be the first step toward an expanded capability for other types of platforms and missions.

TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS, INC.
35 Water St., PO Box 717
Wiscasset, ME 04578
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 882-7589
Mr. Chuck Benton
NAVY 05-080      Selected for Award
Title:Modular Mission Planning Toolkit (MMPT)
Abstract:TSI proposes to develop a mission planner that will be adaptable to AUVs currently planned to be integrated into the fleet over the next 3 years, be able to receive environmental data from Navy libraries (such as DIOPS), and optimize AUV missions as a result of the environmental data received. The mission planner will be able to coordinate the use of multiple AUVs to optimize environmental data collection and provide this information back to the Navy's data collection point.

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY CORP.
809 University Drive East, Suite 100E
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-1120
Dr. Ramesh C. Kainthla
NAVY 05-081      Selected for Award
Title:Silver/Metal Hydride Batteries for Communication Buoys
Abstract:The US Navy requires a rechargeable direct current power source for communication buoys with five times the power capacity of current technology. RBC proposes to develop and demonstrate silver/metal hydride electrochemistry in sealed, wound cylindrical cells, as a technology that can meet the critical performance targets. The objective of the Phase I SBIR program is to design an electric power storage battery based on cylindrical silver/MH cells to meet the electrical requirements of the submarine launched device. The new design will be compared with existing technologies. RBC will build laboratory cells and carry out development to establish a fully functional silver/metal hydride electrochemistry. A particular requirement is a viable barrier to block silver ion migration between the silver cathode and the metal hydride anode, which RBC has shown to be the major cause of cell failure. The technical solution may involve a combination of electrolyte additives and selection of a stable separator system. Charge retention, rechargeability, safety, environmental and cost criteria will be considered. Spiral wound silver/metal hydride cells will be designed and built to validate energy and power capability. In the proposed effort RBC will work with two subcontractors, The University of Texas at Austin and Moltech Power Systems.

SCHAFER CORP.
321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 447-0555
Mr. John Mead
NAVY 05-081      Selected for Award
Title:High-Density Environmentally-Friendly DC Power Source
Abstract:The Navy is advancing its underwater surveillance capabilities by developing leave-behind communications and sonar devices. Current power supply designs contain batteries that are very harmful to the environment. Schafer proposes a hybrid power supply that incorporates three major components: a NiMH battery that acts as the energy and power source for constant current components; a double-layer capacitor that provides high-current for pulse power loads; and a integrated power electronic DC/DC converter that provides battery/capacitor isolation and capacitor recharging. Schafer has been involved in the development of double-layer capacitors for last five years and has developed an approach that combines novel capacitor materials into an integrated design that can be made in various conformal shapes. Utilization of double layer capacitors permits very high current discharges with very high cycle life (capacitors can handle cycles in the hundreds of thousands) in shapes to fit specific applications. The energy capacity of this new design is estimated to provide 5 times the amount currently found in the NiCad based BRT-6 power supply. The use of environmentally friendly materials and the elimination of heavy metal materials within the design provide a significant improvement in environmental friendliness over existing technology

NUPARADIGM GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS, INC.
16091 Swingley Ridge Road, Suite 160
Chesterfield, MO 63017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(636) 537-5558
Mr. Harry R. Haury
NAVY 05-082      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Legacy Application Integration with NCES (SLAIN)
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR Proposal will assess the feasibility of building a fully functional prototype for rapid legacy system integration, Information Assurance at the gateway, and cost effective implementation and maintenance. As a potential use case to study secure legacy application integration with NCES, we would consider the Global Command & Control System (GCCS-M) and NCES with legacy NMCI applications. As an option for $25,000 and three months, work will be undertaken to define an operational transition plan and security accreditation requirements. The base proposal is to expend $65,000 for a six month effort with an option for an additional $25,000 in funding over an additional three months.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Mr. Gary Sikora
NAVY 05-082      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Legacy Application Integration with NCES (SLAIN)
Abstract:Our solution is a gateway, referred herein as "SLAIN", as an "Edge Application" as defined in the NCES architecture, in that it implements the protocols required to communicate with any of the NCES services. A SLAIN Portal mechanism is provided if there is no programmatic method to access a legacy system's IA information - we know this to be true and it is understandable given the lack of net-centric requirement levied on these legacy systems. The SLAIC implements a plug-n-play framework so that protocols, QoS, IA interoperability, policy synchronization and information translation can be easily upgraded to support evolving systems integration experienced in today's FORCEnet initiative. This approach is key to having a configurable SLAIC - akin to the cell phone paradigm where protocol, IA and QoS upgrades are performed over the network. This enables SLAIN to adapt to a new legacy system requiring new functionality without taking SLAIN to the Original Equipment Manufacture and being charged millions of dollars for an upgrade.

MAXIM SYSTEMS
1615 Murray Canyon Road, Suite 400
San Diego, CA 92108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 574-2274
Mr. Tai Seibert
NAVY 05-083      Selected for Award
Title:Cross-Domain Secure Database Access - EAL-6/PL-5
Abstract:Using Phase I SBIR funding, MAXIM Systems will study methods for performing efficient Cross-Domain Secure Database Access (CDSDA). Traditionally, queries originating from higher security clearance levels rely on complete replication of a database from the lower security domain because the queries themselves could be classified in nature. This results in wasted resources to maintain numerous database copies that are often slow and out of date with respect to the original database. MAXIM will first investigate methods for speeding this process through on-demand table replication and `Query Approximation' strategies that require far less data transfer volume to the higher levels. MAXIM will then investigate methods for locking down databases that could allow these queries to be performed securely at their native security level. Finally, company engineers will build a locked down, single level prototype router system that hosts the CDSDA architecture. Option funding will then be used to begin development on a certification and accreditation plan for the system to reach EAL-6/PL-5 compliance standards in accordance with Director of Central Intelligence Directive (DCID) 6/3 requirements.

DIAMOND ANTENNA
59 Porter Rd.
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 486-0039
Mr. Chad Klotzle
NAVY 05-084      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Band Rotary Joint for Antenna Feeds/Waveguides
Abstract:Diamond's approach to a practical solution for a multi-band rotary joint addresses areas, which include the required operating frequency bands, the high transmit power levels, and the tight packaging constraints. Diamond uses innovative design approaches, such as the patented "compressive choke", which allows for smaller package sizes without degrading electrical performance, and non-contacting, capacitively coupled rotary joint, which provides long life. Diamond has recently completed delivery on tightly packaged, ruggedized, dual channel rotary joints for Humvee mounted Com-On-the-Move systems as well as Airborne mounted SATCOM platforms. We are well aware that there are many platforms on which antenna system size is a critical factor. For Phase I, Diamond Antenna will complete electrical design, including simulation, and will provide an envelope drawing that shows the overall size with the mechanical interfaces. Phase I will provide technical analyses, design trade studies, and various design solutions and their predicted operational performance. The Phase I Option will provide for the actual electrical/mechanical documentation/drawing effort. This will then make the transition into Phase II a seamless event allowing us to release our drawings into Diamond's manufacturing process, which will provide for the fabrication, assembly and test of the prototypes.

MILLITECH LLC
29 Industrial Drive East
Northampton, MA 01060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 582-9620
Dr. Tom Newman
NAVY 05-084      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Band Rotary Joint for Antenna Feeds/Waveguides
Abstract:Millitech has a high level of expertise in the design of millimeter-wave hardware and has long been in the business of exacting the maximum amount of performance out of a minimum of volume, mass, and available power, in our component and system designs for the space community. We have a potential solution for the rotary joints for the particular case of the subHDR system upgrade, which can be designed during phase I, and built and tested during phase II. The design of the elevation and cross-elevation rotary joints will use a unique combination of low-loss coaxial line, terminated with a non-contacting waveguide transition on each end. The coaxial line will replace a circular waveguide TM01 line, which trades off power handling for bandwidth. By optimizing the size of the coax, however, the power handling is still 41.7 kW, a factor of 16X the power currently planned for the system, with comparable loss to the current design. The train rotary joint will use a similar technique for the upper frequency bands and a novel non-contacting scheme for the X band circuit path, rather than the current slip ring, enhancing the reliability considerably as well as reducing the cost of the part.

GALOIS CONNECTIONS, INC.
12725 SW Millikan Way, Suite 290
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 626-6616
Ms. Laura McKinney
NAVY 05-085      Selected for Award
Title:Cross-Domain Document-Based Collaboration in a Multi-Level-Secure Environment
Abstract:Galois proposes to develop a trusted document server (DocServer) to mediate the connection between a user's workstation and files to which they have access. Users will connect to a single "virtual" combined file and web server from which they may browse, open, edit and save documents, using COTS editors (like Word 2003). The DocServer will allow XML documents stored on the file/web server to contain regions marked with varying sensitivity level annotations. The DocServer will provide a secure execution environment and safe access to multi-level document storage, and will mediate between user workstations and the multi-level document storage, ensuring that multiple users can collaborate safely and securely on documents with information annotated to multiple levels of security. The DocServer will also support a restricted form of XSLT, for imposing clearance-level specific views upon documents. The DocServer will be built within the Trusted Services Engine (TSE) platform, a GOTS open source cross-domain file/web server currently under development for the US Navy. The TSE is based around the MILS architectural concept and targets EAL6 evaluation. As the TSE is compatible with the GIG roadmap, the DocServer will be capable of smooth transition from multiple separate networks to a Black Core network.

TRESYS TECHNOLOGY, LLC
8840 Stanford Blvd., Suite 2100
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 968-5178
Mr. Dan Thomsen
NAVY 05-085      Selected for Award
Title:Cross-Domain Document-Based Collaboration in a Multi-Level-Secure Environment
Abstract:The M-DICE technology described here allows for the creation, viewing and editing of multilevel documents using commercial untrusted, unmodified applications such as Microsoft Office. The system applies innovative security engineering techniques to ensure the system can be evaluated at EAL 6. The M-DICE solution balances security, functional and economic requirements. The proposal presents a series of solutions, culminating in giving the user the ability to edit any portion of a multilevel document from what appears to be a single terminal. None of the solutions every require document data to be downgraded. In Phase I we evaluate those solutions to select the solutions most likely to provide the proper balance.

INTEGRATED SENSING SYSTEMS, INC.
391 Airport Industrial Drive
Ypsilanti, MI 48198
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 547-9896
Dr. Douglas R. Sparks
NAVY 05-086      Selected for Award
Title:Improved Vacuum Process for Advanced Inertial Sensors Using NanoGetters
Abstract:It is proposed that new thin film gettering technology be applied to advanced inertial and gravity sensors to improve vacuum packaging. This new getter will be developed by NanoGetters, a subsidiary of ISSYS, and the only commercial getter supplier in the US, see: www.nanogetters.com. NanoGetters uses a stack of thin film metals to capture gas molecules in a vacuum package and was developed due to the short falls of conventional Non Evaporable Getters (NEGs). NanoGetter materials are already being used by more than a dozen customers in MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) to improve vacuum packaging of resonant gyroscopes, accelerometers, Coriolis mass flow sensors, density meters, RF-MEMS communication devices, IR and chemical sensors (6-10). NanoGetter films have been applied to silicon wafers, Pyrex wafers, Kovar package lids and sapphire optical lids. Due to this demonstrated flexibility to be applied to different surfaces, it is anticipated that we will be able to integrate these new getter films into a variety of vacuum packaging housings. With optimization and development this new getter technology can be applied to the RLG and AI sensor application and improve their performance and mobility.