---------- ARMY ----------

371 Phase I Selections from the 05.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL & ENGINEERING SERVICES
750 Cross Pointe Rd., Suite E
Gahanna, OH 43230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 861-7015
Dr. Kyle C. Koppenhoefer
ARMY 05-001      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Ballistic Impact Dynamic Modeling of Fabric for New Protection Systems
Abstract:Advanced Computation and Engineering Services proposes to develop new and innovative modeling concepts to more accurately define and predict the failure modes of various fabric materials from current and futuristic ballistic impacts, working closely with North Carolina State University and conferring with engineers at body armor manufactures. Extensive research has been conducted by various government laboratories and universities to accurately model the ballistic response of fabrics. However, these research efforts have not produced a general design tool that will assist in the design of ballistic protection systems. This proposal seeks to combine and extend the work of previous researchers to demonstrate the feasibility of a new design tool for ballistic protection systems. Instead of attempting to develop a single modeling method to address the dramatically different needs of a designer, this proposal uses a range of methods. Within this tool, the designer will be capable of conducting detailed modeling of the individual yarns and global modeling of the entire protection system. Thus, this design tool will support a wide range of needs by using different numerical methods. At the conclusion of Phase 1, feasibility of the design tools will have been demonstrated.

CAE SOLUTIONS CORP.
2000 Walnut Avenue, #P103
Fremont, CA 94538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 681-1176
Mr. Douglas Stillman
ARMY 05-001      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Ballistic Impact Dynamic Modeling of Fabric for New Protection Systems
Abstract:Fabric based protection systems are critical to many kinds of safety systems. A challenge as designs are attempted is that details of failure are not well understood and are difficult to model. For projectiles, failure is dependent on many parameters ranging from the size and shape of the impact point to the velocity of impact, and the conditions of the fabric in terms of weave, support, pre-tensioning and environment. For the designer trying to reliably handle a threat, this uncertainty cannot be resolved without significant testing. We will use a multi-scale approach to develop techniques to improve the fidelity of ballistics models for fabrics. Adaptive modeling techniques permit the resolution of necessary detail in failure regions so that reliable predictions can be. Designers have a variety of fabrics to choose from, including yarn impregnation techniques such as a shear thickening fluid. This research effort emphasizes effects of weaves as well as attempts to characterize in more detail how the shear thickening fluid effects the individual yarns and relates to ballistic performance. The end result will be a tool that designers can use to make decisions in the early stages of design using fabrics for safety systems.

PARASYM
1335 La Solana Dr
Altadena, CA 91001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 230-1259
Dr. Raul Radoviztky
ARMY 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Ballistic Impact Dynamic Modeling of Fabric for New Protection Systems
Abstract:This SBIR proposal is concerned with the development of design and analysis tools for the assessment of new protection systems against ballistic impact utilizing novel textile materials. The approach is to develop an integrated simulation facility that incorporates the latest physics-based models for textile-based materials into the state-of-the-art computational mechanics simulation engines for describing ballistic and dynamic impact scenarios. This computational tool will allow the study, analysis and quantitative assessment of the penetration-resistance performance of different fiber/layer/inclusion configurations under a wide range of penetration conditions and projectile characteristics.

SYMPLECTIC ENGINEERING CORP.
2901 Benvenue Ave.
Berkeley, CA 94705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 528-1251
Dr. Shmuel L. Weissman
ARMY 05-001      Selected for Award
Title:Ballistic Impact Dynamic Modeling of Fabric for New Protection Systems
Abstract:Accomplishing various missions that the US armed forces are called upon to perform often puts their personnel and equipment in harm's way. A common threat is exposure to a variety of ballistic projectiles that range from high-velocity armor-penetrating projectiles to knife stabbing of soldiers. Fabrics are used in a variety of ballistic shields that range from personnel vests to vehicle protective systems. This project will develop practical software for the analysis and optimal design of fabric systems to protect against ballistic threats. The key impediment to this development is the availability of a model that allows accurate representation of the projectile-fabric impact/penetration at a reasonable computational effort. This research will overcome this difficulty through the development and use of a multi-scale constitutive law where the fabric layers will be modeled as a membrane or shell at the macro level, and the yarn-to-yarn interaction will be modeled at the micro-level. The micro-level will be addressed locally at the integration (Gauss) points within each finite element. Globally, the impact will be modeled using explicit finite element simulations. The micro-level will incorporate viscous effects to enable the modeling of fabric impregnated with shear thickening fluids.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Mr. Aleksandr Treyger
ARMY 05-002      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Actuation Technologies for Guided Precision Munitions
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of a number of novel actuator technology concepts that are particularly suitable for gun-fired projectiles and mortars. These novel actuator concepts will require minimal electrical power for their operation; they are very lightweight and occupy small volume, while being capable of providing high control authority to the guidance and control system of the guided munitions. As a result, the guidance and control system of a projectile equipped with the proposed actuation devices should be capable of achieving significantly enhanced precision for both stationary and moving targets, thereby achieving significantly greater probability of hit. These actuation devices are capable of being integrated into the structure of the projectile, mostly as load bearing structural components, thereby occupying minimal and even no projectile volume. In addition, the actuation devices and their related components are better protected against high firing acceleration loads, vibration, impact loading, repeated loading and acceleration and deceleration cycles that can be experienced during transportation and loading operations. The actuation devices could be used on both subsonic and supersonic projectiles.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Ching-Fang Lin
ARMY 05-003      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Intelligent Mission Planner/Controller for Multiple Manned and Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative intelligent autonomous mission planner/controller for networked multiple manned/unmanned autonomous vehicles which is applicable to the Future Combat System (FCS), Future Force Warrior (FFW), and Future SOF systems. The intelligent multi-vehicle autonomous mission planner/controller includes navigation, obstacle detection and avoidance, waypoint tasking planner, mission trajectory planner, and vehicle formation control. The navigation subsystem is implemented by fusion of the AGNC coremicro AHRS/INS/GPS Integration Unit, monocular/stereo vision, Doppler radar, odometer, etc. Obstacle detection and avoidance is based on the object detection systems (using ultrasonic sensor, laser radar, and vision) and wireless ad hoc communication networks. A Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems (JAUS)-compliant intelligent autonomous control system for networked robotic vehicles will be designed and demonstrated.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3146
Dr. Chris Jones
ARMY 05-003      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Platform Manned/Unmanned System-Mission Planner/Controller
Abstract:The goal of this project is to test the effectiveness of a communications, command and control tool. The iRobot automatic mission planner/controller will be used to create and maintain an inventory of available assets (manned or unmanned vehicles, or individual ground personnel) and their special abilities; receive a mission goal and any attendant requirements (i.e., covertness, speed of execution, terrain constraints); and create the specific sub-tasks and paths for the assets to follow in accomplishment of the mission goal - all with minimal intervention on the part of the operator. A simple example would be to use the tool to deploy a mixed group of robots and humans to surround a designated area in an urban setting, providing surveillance of its exit points. Robots with infrared sensing capability might be deployed to monitor traffic through a tunnel area connecting two buildings, robots carrying other specialized equipment might be sent to areas with a high probability of enemy fire, some of the stealthier ones being directed to take the most covert path possible; and the human assets might be reserved away from the line of fire, in an area where human interaction with noncombatants or human responsiveness might be crucial to the subtask at hand. Phase 1 and the Phase 1 option will assess the effectiveness of a very simple control system capable of directing a small number of human and robotic assets in a minimal, but dynamic scenario. Phase II and III will build on the basics examined in Phase I, adding mission complexity, expand the number of units under control; increasing the types and numbers of constraints placed upon the scenarios; and testing the system under field conditions specified by Special Forces or SEAL teams.

KUTTA CONSULTING, INC.
2525 W. Greenway Road, Suite 332
Phoenix, AZ 85023
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Mr. Douglas V. Limbaugh
ARMY 05-003      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Multi-Platform Manned/Unmanned System-Mission Planner/Controller
Abstract:In this proposal, Kutta capitalizes on existing DOD investments, its own hand-held UAV controller technology, and additional UGV technology developed as part of DARPA's 2004 Grand Challenge. This prior work experience and knowledge allows the team to architect a multi-mission planner and controller tool (MMPACT) that is supportive of future hardware and software upgrades. Kutta and its prestigious partners use a proven software engineering methodology to derive the set of functionality for MMPACT. Based upon a functionality assessment, Kutta leverages its experience in architecting flight certifiable software and UV related systems to design a highly-reliable, component-based, JAUS compliant system. The innovative architecture allows the operator to plan, coordinate, and re-plan a heterogeneous mix of manned and unmanned asset acting as a single unit. The phase I effort culminates in a demonstration on a hand-held platform which allows an operator to plan, control and re-plan a typical mission with multiple UAVs, UGVs and manned assets. Kutta also measures and quantifies MMPACT's CPU and memory utilization on a variety of hand-held platforms. At the end of the Phase I effort, Kutta delivers a system and software requirements document and a list of "must have" functionality for MMPACT.

MOBILE INTELLIGENCE CORP.
33150 Schoolcraft Road, Suite 108
Livonia, MI 48150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 367-0430
Dr. Douglas C. MacKenzie
ARMY 05-003      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:Multi-Asset Mission Planner and Controller
Abstract:This project will develop a multi-asset Mission Planner and Controller (MPC). The MPC will decompose tasks into actions applicable to its available assets based on their platform models. The actions will be assigned to specific platforms, both manned and unmanned, in such a way as to minimize the total cost to the team while completing the tasks. Preferences and constraints from the operator will modulate the assignment process. Actions for unmanned assets will either be translated into their native language command language or executed by the controller using a Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems (JAUS) compliant interface. Platform status information will be used to adjust existing assignments and guide new task assignments to ensure an acceptable and efficient workplan is in place at all times. Finally, this system will remain stable and robust while performing all of these operations in real-time.

ROBOTICS RESEARCH CORP.
101 Landy Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45215
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 831-9570
Mr. Paul H. Eismann
ARMY 05-003      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Multi-Platform Manned/Unmanned System-Mission Planner/Controller
Abstract:Compliance with the US Army directive to maximize the coordination and collective capability and effectiveness of small unmanned ground vehicles (SUGV) in reconnaissance, surveillance and combat operations will require an intelligent, netcentric Mission Planning and Control System (MPCS). A set of supporting technologies will be implemented in this program to maximize the cooperative efficacy of the SUGV's to carry out the mission plans formulated by the MPCS. First, a JAUS compliant, multi-platform mobile control agent will be developed, which decomposes MPCS strategies into individual operator and SUGV commands, relays the SUGV progress to the MPCS and assists the operators with controlling the SUGV within the operational parameters set by the MPCS. The MPCS will be able to configure and distribute the multi-platform agent to arbitrary network nodes such as the operator console unit or SUGV platform to optimize the communication and computational constraints of the field environment. Second, autonomous navigational methods will be integrated into the SUGV controller to alleviate the operator with the laborious task of remotely steering it. Third, a comprehensive man-machine interface will be developed to collaborate with the multi-platform control agent and to enable the operator to control simultaneously one or more platforms in a semiautonomous fashion.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Dr. Darrin Taylor
ARMY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:NOMAD: Advanced Algorithms for Prediction, Display, and Visualization of Moving Targets
Abstract:In this Phase I, we shall develop NOMAD, a moving target prediction system. For each moving enemy target, NOMAD exploits (1) models describing the physical behavior of the moving target and (2) live intelligence about the target from spots reports or sensors such as UAV's. Using this as input, NOMAD's prediction algorithms compute the target's location at future time intervals along with an associated error estimate. In this Phase I NOMAD shall demonstrate a targeting capability by identifying available munitions at future time intervals and positions to kill the enemy - subject to rules of engagement. NOMAD leverages 21CT's (21st Century Technologies) sophisticated 3D visualization system that allows the operator to visualize the prediction of the location of enemy targets in the future. In this Phase I, NOMAD shall be scoped to demonstrate the prediction of ground moving enemy targets and targeting shall be restricted to CAS assets.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Xinhua Cao
ARMY 05-004      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:4D GIS-based Virtual Reality for Moving Target Prediction
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate and demonstrate the feasibility of 4D GIS Based Virtual Reality for Moving Target Prediction. The proposed algorithms are based on the geographical information system (GIS) to provide a virtual scenario of moving targets prediction and possible hitting point within the Common Operating Picture (COP). The proposed algorithms utilize new advanced technology, 4D GIS and virtual reality for 3D virtual terrain and animation simulation of moving target prediction. The project consists of two parts: (1) terrain-/ mobility-based prediction of a moving target, and (2) the motion simulation and visualization. The integrated method enables a single operator to manage the tracking and targeting of multiple moving ground, sea surface, and air targets through predicting, simulating and visualizing the possible future motion of the moving targets.

APPLIED VISIONS, INC.
6 Bayview Avenue
Northport, NY 11768
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 754-4920
Mr. Ken Doris
ARMY 05-004      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Advanced Algorithms for Prediction, Display, and Visualization of Moving Targets
Abstract:Applied Visions, Inc.(AVI) proposes to leverage the technology of computer games to provide a powerful new method of predicting and visualizing the potential movement of time critical moving targets for operators of the FCS and FFW networked effects nodes. Our research will build upon the results of a similar SBIR project sponsored by the Navy for the Tactical Tomahawk Weapon Control System (TTWCS). That effort, currently entering Phase II, uses agent-based artificial intelligence algorithms to predict the likely destinations and paths of the targets, combined with sophisticated vehicle mobility modeling to calculate the probable locations of the vehicle at any given future time as they move towards those destinations. Our Phase I effort will be devoted to analyzing the requirements of the Army's FCS fires and effects systems and use those requirements to design and build an early prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach. Our Phase II effort will refine the architecture; upgrade the prototype to interface to a fire support system such as AFATDS, then field the prototype to participate in exercises and technology demonstrations.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 618-1060
Mr. Ken Graves
ARMY 05-004      Awarded: 07NOV05
Title:Advanced Algorithms for Attack of Moving Targets (A3MT)
Abstract:In Effects Based Operations (EBO), we apply the proper joint lethal and nonlethal effects to gain a desired outcome. At the tactical level, EBO translates to time critical targeting (TCT), where joint assets must be quickly targeted to obtain effects on a fleeting or moving ground target,. The moving target problem is complex. However, it must be solved if TCT is to become viable within the EBO context. Currently, none of the major joint force targeting systems can predict the future location of a moving ground target with sufficient accuracy to target it. CHI Systems intends to solve this problem by creating a reusable software component called Advanced Algorithms for Attack of Moving Targets (A3MT). A3MT will use terrain and mobility reasoning; friendly joint weapon system characteristics; and sensor updates to accurately predict the future location of hostile targets for attack. A3MT will encapsulate the expertise currently required of forward observers for hitting moving targets, and make it available to future force and legacy targeting systems such as AFATDS. A3MT will provide the means to allow some legacy systems such as AFATDS to transition to the future force, and provide risk reduction for future force networked fires and effects systems.

SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Mr. Edward Bachelder
ARMY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Algorithmic Display for Tracking and Predictive Targeting of Mobile Contracts
Abstract:The battlespace is a system in which events are driven primarily by the cycle of perception, synthesis, decision-making, and action (Boyd's OODA loop). The perceptual and synthesis components of this cycle are currently the battlespace's weakest links. The proposed approach leverages key capabilities in signal processing to present battlespace dynamics in ways that capitalize on human strengths such as pattern recognition and exploratory behavior. Track prediction of targets is conducted using Focused Dynamic Programming optimization that accounts for terrain information and models, weather, vehicle performance parameters and context-dependent objectives. A novel filtering and prediction technique based on wavelets is used to estimate and project vehicle position and velocity from observation data. The processed historical, trend, statistical, and path-probable data are presented to the operator using the concepts of cognitive consolidation, mental map overlay, and information synthesis through user interaction. The operator can deploy and sequence sensors, and prioritize objectives (or authorize preset priorities) for each target. Munition and available shooter are matched to targets, presenting the operator with a targeting solution that can be revised (specific munitions selected) or accepted. A software prototype, called the Algorithmic Targeting Display System (ATDS) will demonstrate concept feasibility of using a time-critical targeting simulation.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 685-3601
Mr. Robert M. Wilkerson
ARMY 05-004      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Algorithms for Prediction, Display, and Visualization of Moving Targets
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop an algorithm for the display and visualization of ground vehicle movement predictions based upon sequential Monte Carlo sampling techniques, or particle filters. Ground vehicle movement comprises a vast number of nonlinear elements imposed by operational factors such as terrain, weather, movement characteristics, and tactics that make the prediction problem difficult to formulate. Often such nonlinearities are discarded, but doing so limits the precision of the resulting prediction; an undesired consequence when human operators must make decisions based upon the predictions they receive. Thus, a prediction algorithm is required that provides both a coherent display of the probable movement, and incorporates nonlinear factors that affect the vehicle's motion. Particle filtering methods provide a fitting solution to such an application due to their acceptance of nonlinearities in the dynamic model of the system, and their natural ability to formulate an intuitive visual representation of the uncertainty in the prediction. At the conclusion of Phase I, Toyon will demonstrate a ground vehicle movement prediction algorithm that fuses battlespace information into a particle filter state estimator to provide accurate predicted PDFs for display.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Mr. Logan Gilbert
ARMY 05-005      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Future Fires and Effect Component Technology
Abstract:The aim of this project is to research, develop, and validate Advanced Future Fires and Effects Component Technology (AFFECT), a system focused on significant improvement of network-centric fires management, control and execution. The proposed system would provide foundational components for the development of network fires management software. These components will provide mechanisms for resolving the complex problems involved in dynamic weapon-target pairing, route/mission planning, dynamic retargeting and dynamic de-confliction. The system would ultimately facilitate robust and efficient components for enhancing the execution of Future Combat System (FCS) fires which will greatly enhance its ability to maintain superior fires while retaining flexibility and mobility. The Phase I effort will (i) establish AFFECT specifications, hardware, and software architecture, (iii) investigate technologies used by AFFECT, and (iv) develop prototype software built on AFFECT. Key innovations include: (i) our methodologies for modeling a constraints-based environment, (ii) our strategy for generating fast and optimal solutions using genetic algorithms; and (iii) combining these for constraints-based planning and scheduling. We shall utilize years of experience in component architectures to encapsulate these innovations in a manner which is conducive to rapid reuse; and scalable and evolvable enough to meet the challenges necessitated by future network-centric fires management.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 618-1060
Mr. Ken Graves
ARMY 05-005      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:CDAS Web Interface Services (CWIS)
Abstract:In the last five years, the Joint Forces Command (JFCOM) has made Network-centric Joint Time Critical Targeting (TCT) a major focus of its annual JFCOM exercises. The current ARDEC Combat Decision Aiding System (CDAS) application, which provides an order of magnitude improvement in TCT is currently unable to interface to the JFCOM web-services environment, hence cannot provide its services to JFCOM. CDAS transition to JFCOM is a high priority. CHI Systems intends to solve this problem by creating a reusable, portable software component called CDAS Web Interface Services (CWIS). CWIS will be a plug in CDAS component which will interface to the JFCOM web-based environment via Extended Markup Language (XML). The component will perform the SOAP, UDDI, and WSDL services needed within the JFCOM environment, and serve as a translator between the JFCOM environment and the CDAS tactical targeting database. CWIS will provide the means to allow CDAS to communicate with other JFCOM TCT systems such as the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS) and Theater Battle Management and Control System (TBMCS) in order to provide advanced CDAS TCT capabilities. This will provide a clear transition path for CDAS, whereby CDAS TCT capabilities are available to all JFCOM clients.

FD SOFTWARE ENTERPRISES, LLC.
105 Greentree Drive
Bangor, PA 18013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 422-3739
Dr. Mary DeVito
ARMY 05-005      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Reusable Component Based Data And Response Management Decision Aid Infrastructure Technology Tool To Support Net Centric Fires
Abstract:The proposed innovation integrates the following technologies: intelligent mobile agents, distributed computing, cognitive technologies, surveillance networks, heterogeneous relational database mapping, forward based decision making, remote information fusion, target value analytics, target/asset pairing strategies, and probability/prediction technologies to provide a reusable component based data and response management decision aid infrastructure technology tool to support Net Centric Fires. As stated in US Army military field manuals FM 3-02.12 and FM 100-12 the methodology utilized to drive the targeting process is Decide, Detect, Deliver and Assess (D3A). The tool will provide a decision aid infrastructure to support the D3A methodology. The D3A methodology is an integral part of the military decision making process from the receipt of the mission through execution. This methodology organizes the efforts of the commander and his staff to accomplish key targeting objectives. This task will be accomplished by integrating intelligent mobile agents, which will be strategically deployed. Their purpose is to gather, fuse, and extract pertinent data. The agents will then coordinate their efforts using multi-parameter target rule sets and probability/prediction technologies to determine target prioritization. The tool will determine the appropriate target/asset/protocol pairing. The approach is to integrate existing product technologies into our baseline web-based or stand-alone real-time data and response management decision aid infrastructure technology tool.

GESTALT, LLC
1040 First Avenue, Suite 302
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(856) 614-5445
Mr. Eric Wiseblatt
ARMY 05-005      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Sensor-Target Pairing in a Net Centric Environment
Abstract:The effort of this proposal will focus on creating an adaptable decision support system based on a Service Oriented Architecture for intelligent mission planning systems, and the design for an open system for sensor-target pairing based on that architecture. The architecture will support the DoD Net Centric Data strategy and will be adapted to support the distribution of metadata for non-sensor information as well

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Brian Xu
ARMY 05-005      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:Networked Intelligent Agents and Distributed Decision Aids for Net Centric Fires
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Networked Intelligent Agents and Distributed Decision Aids (NIADDA) for net centric fires. The proposed NIADDA system will consist of three major modules: real-time intelligent agents module for real time cognitive decision aids facilitating rule engines, neural networks, evolutionary algorithms, artificial intelligence and soft computing; Web-based user interface module using document automation and Web-based Internet protocols; and cross-platform API (application programming interface) module that will be coded with reusable code base, i.e. C++, which will significantly decrease development time for future Army applications. The intelligent agents module is configurable and customizable to create specialized intelligent agents to accomplish their tasks, as a key component in the NIADDA. The NIADDA capabilities can be used via both Web Services and API. In Phase I POC will demonstrate functionality and reusability through simulation and performance assessment. The innovative NIADDA applications will provide the basis for developing next generation intelligent agents for network centric fires, to support application component development in Phase II. In Phase II we will develop detailed component design and component API specifications, implement software and application scenarios, and provide complete documentation of the NIADDA techniques, analyses, and demonstration results.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Mr. Richard Stottler
ARMY 05-005      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Automated Net Centric Fires Management using Artificial Intelligence Techniques
Abstract:The major opportunity we present is our substantial intelligent planning and scheduling experience and existing customizable intelligent planning, resource selection, and scheduling architecture along with our in-depth knowledge of combined arms fires and effects planning, integration, coordination, and deconfliction and FCS capabilities. We propose, ultimately, the development of an Intelligent FCS Fires Management System (IFFMS), integrated with the FCS System-of-systems Common Operating Environment (SoSCOE) which monitors the position and status of net centric fires related weapon systems and sensors and the position and status of observed enemy units and assets, receives existing plans and requests for fire support and fire missions, generates fire plans (including routes) to best meet the requests, and performs the necessary fires integration, coordination, and deconfliction. In Phase I we will explore the net centric fires and effects planning, coordination, integration, and deconfliction process with current operational experts and those familiar with FCS, elaborate the artificial intelligence techniques useful for automating the planning/resource selection/scheduling/conflict resolution process, capture the planning, coordination, integration, and deconfliction knowledge needed to generate optimized, correct plans, investigate FCS SoSCOE integration requirements, prove the feasibility of these techniques through prototype development, and develop the Phase II system specification for IFFMS.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Jack Salerno
ARMY 05-006      Selected for Award
Title:High Performance and Low Cost Sniper Riflescope Detection Lidar
Abstract:Dual Source Enemy Identification and Negation Lidar (DSEINL) is a preferred method with wide field of view and high detection rate to find and identify enemy combatants and sniper rifles by receiving the co-reflected or retro-reflected light from the sighting riflescope or the enemy combatants eyes. The sighting scope mounted on weapons, such as sniper rifles, has a reticle plate fixed on the imaging plane of the objective lens. The reflection of the reticle plate forms a back-propagating light beam featuring very small divergent angle and very weak depolarization. Similarly the human eye also causes a strong retro-reflection. Based on these features, Agiltron Inc. proposes a low cost and reliable DSEINL technology using an imaging sensor to detect, identify, locate and deny enemy combatants. The proposed technology uses two switching light sources that are separated from each other. The separation distance is adjustable, and the received images differ under the illumination by the two light sources. By subtracting the images, single or multiple riflescopes, as well as enemy combatants looking at the system can be detected while background signals can be virtually eliminated. This system holds the promise of high sensitivity, large surveillance area, low cost, high reliability and the capability of differentiating sniper rifles and human eyes from other possible strong scattering objects. This technology can be used for both pre-searching of enemy combatants and for hand off to other lethal and non-lethal systems. The Phase I effort will conduct a proof-of-principle demonstration of this advanced detection technology and in Phase II will produce a full specification compliant working prototype.

LI CREATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0048
Dr. Qi (Peter) Li
ARMY 05-007      Selected for Award
Title:Smart Self-Configuring Miniature Windscreen
Abstract:A novel and promising solution is proposed for a smart self-configuring miniature windscreen. The proposed solution includes a mechanical windscreen, MEMS microphones, and a DSP windscreen. The mechanical windscreen will be designed by numerical simulation. The finite-element method will be utilized to simulate the effect of different shapes of windscreens on the aerodynamics in the vicinity of the diaphragm. The windscreen of optimal shape and material will be tested and verified on a test bed which physically simulates the real operating environment. The DSP windscreen will be implemented by a microphone array, our unique noise-reduction algorithms, and a single DSP chip. The proposed low-cost solution can totally remove wind noise without distortion of other signals.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Keehoon Kim
ARMY 05-007      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Autonomous Self-Configuring/Self-Regulating Smart Sensing Windscreen
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a miniature windscreen, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new dynamic miniature windscreen, autonomous self-configuring/self-regulating smart-sensing (AS4) system based on a set of dynamic meshes and a self-sensing strip. The AS4 windscreen is integrated with a simple, no-maintenance sensor that directly neutralizes aggravating effects of wind noise in real time. The AS4's efficient self-configurable mechanism, without mechanical moving parts, dynamically regulates air turbulence and buffeting according to sensed wind parameters. Despite its extreme compactness, the AS4's active windshielding is responsive to time-variant wind noise, transients, and blowing sounds. In Phase I we will complete the design of a preliminary laboratory prototype, develop self-sensing and self-regulation, and demonstrate the functional AS4 system in a simulation testbed, in which we will simulate transient wind noise. In Phase II POC plans to develop a packaged AS4 system satisfying design configurations and critical implementation parameters, and to demonstrate the final prototype to verify key performance parameters.

CROSSFIELD TECHNOLOGY LLC
4505 Spicewood Springs Road, Suite 360
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Mr. Dennis Ferguson
ARMY 05-008      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Conformal Semiconductor Circuits
Abstract:Crossfield proposes to develop a hybrid direct write technique for developing conformal circuits and semiconductors. Crossfield, together with Honeywell and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) intend to demonstrate a conformal circuit technique that enables the metal elements of the circuit (such as power and signal traces or antennas) and supporting semiconductors such as bias circuits to be directly written to the conformal surface. The remaining active devices will employ a high performance semiconductor fabrication technique based on Honeywell's Silicon on Insulator (SOI) technology. SOI is well suited to the conformal circuit fabrication process and will enable digital or millimeterwave devices to be added on the previously developed metal patterns. The finished conformal circuit will be low cost, while enjoying the high performance of existing, mature semiconductor technology.

INFORMATION SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5412 Hilldale Court
Fort Collins, CO 80526
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 224-2556
Dr. M.R. Azimi-Sadjadi
ARMY 05-009      Selected for Award
Title:Collaborative Transient Event Detection, Localization and Classification in Distributed Sensor Networks
Abstract:A critical need for distributed sensor networks employed in various military operations, e.g. in MOUT, is an innovative transient event localization and classification system that fully exploits the limited communication, processing and power resources. A system level solution is sought that can provide an accurate assessment of threat events on the battlefield. The algorithms should be able to process a wide range of transient events in real-time and without confusion for different sensor modalities. The goal of this Phase I research is to develop innovative system level solution that (a) can detect and agree on dynamically occurring transient events using simple sensor-level detection schemes, (b) perform collaborative and confusion-free transient event localization using multiple time difference of arrival (TDOA) method, (c) estimate and restore transient signals from noisy and faded signatures, (d) extract salient time-frequency features using wavelet-based analysis, (e) perform transient classification using subband fusion and mixtures of decision experts, (f) and develop an overall battlefield transient event assessment based upon the temporal-spatial history of occurrence and types of transient events detected, localized and classified. We propose to test our algorithms and demonstrate their effectiveness on multiple transient signature data sets corresponding to ground vehicles, artillery fires, mortar fires, small arms fires, etc. that will be acquired from the US Army ARDEC.

COHERENT LOGIX, INC.
101 West 6th Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 791-6489
Mr. David Gibson
ARMY 05-010      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Chip Modules for Hyperspectral Image Processing (MCM-HIP)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes to develop a multi-chip module (MCM) system for hyperspectral image processing and other high throughput signal processing applications requiring ultra-low power, extremely-high performance, and a ultra-small form factor. Hyperspectral image processors are currently made by soldering a large number of components onto multiple printed circuit boards resulting in high power, large, heavy systems barely suitable for mounting on automotive vehicles. These systems are too heavy and bulky for a soldier to carry or to mount on micro-UAVs. With the advancement of new revolutionary signal processing technology being developed cooperatively by the US Army, DARPA, and US Air Force, a breakthrough in weight and size reduction may be obtained with multi-chip modules (MCMs) using new interconnection systems and packaging techniques. In the Phase I program, CLX will design several MCMs around its advanced digital signal processor technology. New packaging technologies, including 3-D interconnection and chip stacking will be explored. The different approaches will be compared and trade-offs made based on realistic environmental factors, ruggedization, reliability, and manufacturability. Based on trades, detailed specifications will be developed to facilitate detailed product design, development, and demonstration in Phase 2 of the program.

FRONTIER PERFORMANCE POLYMERS CORP.
26 Robert Street
Parsippany, NJ 07054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Dr. Jerry Chung
ARMY 05-011      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Lightweight Small-Arm Polymer Cased Ammunition
Abstract:To ensure that America's soldiers maintain their overwhelming combat edge into 21st century, use of lightweight polymers as the cartridge case material can alleviate a significant portion of this weight burden for soldiers. The objectives of this proposal is to demonstrate Frontier's innovative design and material technologies to produce high performance, lightweight small arm polymer cased ammunition that will achieve Army's goal of reducing combat soldier's load by 30 percent and increase his mobility. Recognizing the major root causes of past failures, Frontier has developed an innovative polymer cartridge case design and two proprietary polymer materials expected to overcome many potential failure modes of existing polymer case development efforts, such as insufficient ballistic performance, cracks on case mouth, neck, body and/or base, bonding failure of the metal-plastic hybrid case, difficulty of extraction from the chamber, incompatibility with propellant. It has the potential to achieve ballistic performance, be compatible with current cartridge manufacturing and assembling process, and be capable of operating under open and close bolt operation environments, while weighing 30 percent less than current system. Moreover, the technology can be applicable to not only 5.56mm but can also be readily used for 7.62mm and .50 caliber cartridge cases.

OPTO-KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS, INC.
4030 Spencer St, Suite 108
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 371-4445
Dr. Nahum Gat
ARMY 05-012      Awarded: 18NOV05
Title:Development of optimal LWIR-to-color RGB transformation mapping based on neural nets using thermal IR hyperspectral imagery of scenes
Abstract:OKSI will use hyperspectral data cubes collected at 128 bands within the thermal infrared spectral range of 7 to 14 microns to determine the optimal combination of three or four 1 m wide bands that produce color (RGB) imagery that is most similar to that seen by the human eye. The resulting RGB images will be created from the chosen long wave infrared bands via a nonlinear mapping transformation using a biologically inspired neural network. The transformation map will be established on the basis of existing ground truth data (i.e., conventional color imagery and/or visible spectrum hyperspectral imagery) used in conjunction with corresponding thermal infrared hyperspectral imagery. OKSI already possesses a large archive of such hyperspectral thermal IR imagery, and has access to additional data from almost every hyperspectral LWIR imager in use in the US. Additional imagery will be generated, under a subsequent phase, using a high fidelity visible to LWIR scene generator such as DIRSIG. For real-time data processing, OKSI proposes to implement the mapping transformation in an FPGA. This provides a very low power, small package that can be built as an embedded hardware and combined with existing camera electronics. This approach benefits from other OKSI legacy projects in real time video data exploitation and color night vision development.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Mr. Aleksandr Treyger
ARMY 05-013      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Hybrid Soldier Power Source
Abstract:Currently, American troops are well equipped electronically. The soldier of the future is planned to carry even more electronic and electrically powered equipment. The electrical power requirement for soldier creates weight and logistics problems. It is therefore highly desirable to develop novel methods and devices for harvesting energy from locomotion to reduce dependence of the soldier on direct battery supplied electrical energy. The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of a novel method to harvest mechanical energy from a walking or running subject and transform it to electrical energy for direct use, or for storage in a storage device such as a capacitor or a rechargeable battery. The main advantage of this novel method is that the energy harvesting power sources that are developed based on this method allows the walking or running soldier to generate electrical energy, while at the same time getting less fatigued that he/she would without the device. The proposed energy harvesting devices are capable of producing over 2 Watts of power during normal walking without being cumbersome or increasing the soldier's thermal signature.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Dr. Robert Koslover
ARMY 05-014      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Disposable/Survivable Antenna Technology
Abstract:Application of high-power RF via an antenna placed directly near a hostile target offers the advantage of delivering maximum power and energy. Since this also puts the radiating antenna directly in harm's way, it calls for a highly-deployable antenna that is either low-cost and logistically-compact enough to be disposable (if destroyed) or sufficiently robust to survive serious fragmentation/blast. A relatively high-power (Pave > 1 kW), broadband VHF/UHF (200-800 MHz) antenna with moderate gain (~ 6-12 dB), which can stow compactly, is inexpensive, and is easy to deploy would expand the Army's options for using RF directed-energy weapons. Combining classic broadband geometries with new lightweight, flexible, and low-cost materials and fabrication techniques, we propose to develop a novel self-expanding and collapsible antenna which is highly-survivable against fragmentation/blast and rapidly field-replaceable. Prototypes will be designed with compactness, simplicity, manufacturability, portability, reliability, cost, and ease of use in mind. We will pursue a multi-pronged R&D attack, applying: (1) established algorithms to bound the key RF design parameters; (2) expert selection of appropriate materials; (3) numerical models to characterize and optimize electromagnetic and structural performance; and (4) experiments to confirm the feasibility of the proposed approach. __________________________________________________ ___________________________

FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
26 Castilian Drive, Suite B
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 277-8396
Mr. Gary Key
ARMY 05-015      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Target Image Transformation and Transfer
Abstract:Frontier Technology, Inc. (FTI) and University of Florida (UF) propose to develop and analyze designs and prototype software for a system that will resize, transform, compress, and transfer target imagery and associated reference points from a Fire Control System to an autonomous small caliber projectile for storage. The proposed POSIT system would assist the LFLSP (future SSMSA) onboard target classifier in the recognition/identification of features or behaviors of targets during movement among defilade positions. We propose to analyze and enhance POSIT performance to support: (a) Target image selection by command from a fire control system at the launch point, followed by transformation and resizing to appear as to the projectile's imaging system at turn-on, (b) Image transmission and storage within the projectile's recognition and tracking system to enable target identification using conventional points of reference in the field of view. Phase-I will evaluate, extend and exploit FTI/UF's successful, NVESD-sponsored R&D for dynamic automated target recognition from spinning projectiles. Analysis will emphasize space/time complexity, cost, space/power consumption, and effect on the accuracy of the current LFLSP pattern recognition system. Phase-II will develop and test prototype hardware and software.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-7130
Dr. Igor Ternovskiy
ARMY 05-015      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:Differential Geometry Based Image Resizing for Small Arms Targeting
Abstract:Providing a fast and accurate way to deliver an image of the target to a small caliber autonomous projectile using a single camera remains a major challenge, particularly in applications that demand rapid response in combat environments. Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS), in collaboration with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, proposes to develop an improved 3-D reconstruction methodology using the "3-D from shape" effect. This technique will use advanced mathematical techniques to construct dynamically changing scene representations that create pseudo 3-D models of 2-D scenes and objects, using only 2-D images as input. This approach can greatly enhance the identification of moving targets in static and cluttered backgrounds. In Phase I, IOS will develop advanced software for creating and processing 3-D models from images, and will produce a working demonstration of the system using realistic images. In Phase II, IOS will extend and improve this system, and will transmit a resized and enhanced image to a breadboard memory representative of a potential projectile-carried memory.

KALLAPAL ENGINEERING
2527 Condor Drive
Audubon, PA 19403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 539-1739
Ms. Kalla Narayan
ARMY 05-016      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Low-Cost Full Position and Angular Orientation Sensors for Guidance and Control of Precision Munitions
Abstract:The position and orientation of smart and guided projectiles, including gun-fired munitions and missiles, must be accurately known in order for them to be able to successfully reach their targets. While various techniques are presently used, they are limited in their accuracy or require significant amounts of power. In the proposed project a novel orientation angle sensor for guided, gun-fired munitions is proposed to be developed. The system comprises a ground-based polarized RF source and waveguide sensors on board the munition. The project will be focused on optimizing the design and location of sensors on the munition to determine full 3-D spatial orientation of the munition and the development of algorithms to determine the spatial orientation of the munition based on the received power at the sensors. Additionally, a novel means of determining the position of the munition using RF source and receivers will be investigated.

CALABAZAS CREEK RESEARCH, INC.
20937 Comer Drive
Saratoga, CA 95070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 741-8680
Dr. Lawrence Ives
ARMY 05-017      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:A 250 kW Multiple Beam Higher Order Mode Inductive Output Tube
Abstract:We propose to use a Multiple Beam IOT approach. This configuration has several small cathodes arranged in a circular pattern. This provides a thermally and mechanically robust arrangement for supporting the modulating grids and forming the input cavity of the device. Each individual beam, or beamlet, will traverse the IOT circuit in its own individual beam tunnel. This will eliminate the possibility of coupling RF power from the output circuit toward the electron gun since the individual beam tunnels will not support the coaxial transmission line mode. This configuration will facilitate development of RF sources in the range of interest: 200 MHz to at least 1 GHz. The proposed program will investigate each of the critical issues involved in development of the 250 kW, L-Band multiple beam IOT and determine if solutions can be developed to justify construction and testing of a prototype in a Phase II program.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2317
Dr. Silvia Luebben
ARMY 05-018      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Delivery of Nanoparticles and Microbial Reagents to Deep Soil for In-Situ Remediation of Contaminated Sites
Abstract:Recent studies show that zero-valent metal nanoparticles, metal-oxide nanoparticles, and microbial reagents are among the most promising remediants for the detoxification of heavily contaminated sites that contain hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons and metals. Unfortunately, it is difficult to treat large volumes of soil with a single injection because nanoparticles and microbial reagents are easily filtered out by absorption and flocculation on the charged surfaces of minerals and soil. During this project, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a technology to deliver stabilized nanoparticles and microbial reagents that have improved transport properties and reduced absorption in soil and sediments. During this project TDA will apply its expertise in nanoparticle surface modification and stabilization in liquid media to specific nanoparticles that have been proven to be good environmental remediants on a laboratory scale. In Phase II TDA will demonstrate this technology in a field assessment at a pilot site. This technology will be useful for the reactive in-situ cleanup of contaminated deep soil sites.

AMBP TECH CORP.
275 Cooper Ave., Suite 112
Tonawanda, NY 14150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 447-2587
Mr. Nehal Chokshi
ARMY 05-019      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Dielectric Materials Enhancement via Excimer Laser Processing
Abstract:Directed Energy Weapons of the microwave nature require high microwave power devices which employ insulators. Currently, a major limitation to the microwave power that can be generated is the limited electric field an insulator can withstand within vacuum due to the surface flashover phenomena. While the exact nature of the propagation of the surface flashover event across the insulator surface is still under debate, it is clear that charge trapping at the insulator surface plays a major facilitative role in the propagation of the flashover. AMBP Tech proposes to utilize excimer laser processing to eliminate the charge trapping centers through the annihilation of point defects, which should then eliminate the surface flashover phenomena. AMBP Tech will apply its expertise in laser processing to ceramic and polymeric materials to determine which material has the more promising path to eliminating the surface flashover and help enable higher microwave power devices.

HEM TECHNOLOGIES
3518 27th St
Lubbock, TX 79410
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 441-1147
Dr. David J Hemmert
ARMY 05-020      Awarded: 07DEC05
Title:Performance Enhancements for Explosively Driven Magnetic Flux Compression Generators
Abstract:Explosively driven magnetic flux compression generators have been extensively researched for dozens of years with little change in fundamental design and overall performance. One of the best understood and commonly used MFCG is the helical generator. These devices are very inefficient (5% to 10%) at converting the chemical energy in explosive into electrical energy. One severe limitation of these devices is the physical driving of the armature to the stator to reduce the generator volume and resulting inductance. HEM Technologies proposes a novel technique to minimize the losses associated with driving an armature in an MFCG. This will allow for smaller armature diameters (larger initial inductance) and less explosives with overall higher generator gain and chemical to electrical energy efficiency. In addition to the potential applications of the technology for the defense services, the developed technology has potential as a compact explosive power source for oil and mineral exploration.

TANNER RESEARCH, INC.
2650 East Foothill Boulevard
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 792-3000
Dr. Michael Emerling
ARMY 05-020      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Medium-Caliber Gun-Launched Explosive-Driven Magnetic Flux Compression Warhead
Abstract:Tanner Research proposes to demonstrate how an existing one-inch diameter ferro-electric generator (FEG) device can be enhanced to develop high-powered microwaves (HPM) for use in gun-launched medium-caliber warheads. Using a linear initiator to simultaneously detonate the explosive driver over the entire armature length, in order to coincide with maximum flux density, will effectively eliminate any need to `compress' the magnetic flux to obtain HPM power output. Initiation simultaneity will significantly reduce warhead size, cost and complexity. Tanner will be teamed with Loki, Inc. and use their FEG devices as the baseline magnetic circuit hardware. Tanner will be adapting to the Loki FEG devices a battery-powered high voltage fireset (1200V) as seed power to both stimulate the magnetic flux build-up and power the linear initiator. By adding timing and switching circuitry, Tanner expects to complete a proof-of-concept device suitable for demonstration and test. The energetics and linear detonator can be added to test and evaluate the HPM power output.

INNOSYS
3622 West 1820 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 975-7399
Dr. Larry Sadwick
ARMY 05-021      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:L-Band High Power Amplifiers for Directed Energy Weapons
Abstract:This solicitation calls for research and exploration on approaches to find solutions to high power W-band amplifiers for use in directed energy (DE) weapons that are more affordable and compact and have additional desirable features including low standby power and instant-on capabilities and are, for example, HUMVEE field friendly. In addition the ability to produce such amplifiers in relatively large quantity should be of additional use and value. InnoSys intends to research and explore in an in depth, systematic manner reasonable possible solutions to achieving the objective and goal of a relatively affordable, low standby power, instant turn on, compact, high volume manufacturing capacity system solution that meets the requirements needed for active directed energy weapons.

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES GROUP
PO Box 4914, 4046 Quenita Drive
Winter Park, FL 32793
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 628-2530
Dr. Mark E. Koltko-Rivera
ARMY 05-022      Selected for Award
Title:Simulated Assessment for Personnel Selection
Abstract:The ultimate SBIR product is stipulated as a standardized process and system to develop job simulations for personnel selection, with these characteristics: (a) it provides detailed information on performance aspects that contribute to overall performance; (b) it allows for the development of multiple simulations built upon a common architecture and interface; and, (c) it builds upon what is already known from the domain of job/task analysis, rather than requiring intense input from subject matter experts. To meet this need, we propose to develop the Job-Performance Assessment Simulation System (J-PASS). The J-PASS is defined in terms of three types of users: Developers (who develop the simulations), Testees (whose job performance is being evaluated), and Proctors (who administer J-PASS simulations to Testees). The J-PASS will consist of these modules: (1) the Shell, which gives access to the system for Developers and Proctors; (2) the Simulation Editor, which develops and edits MOS-specific job simulations; (3) the Component Library, which contains components for the simulation of various aspects of jobs; (4) the Performance Evaluator, which allows Developers to define performance criteria; (5) the Simulation Archive, which contains developed Job Simulations; and, (6) the Simulation Manager, which administers the Job Simulation and reports Testee performance.

JXT APPLICATIONS, INC.
2673 Commons Blvd, Suite 20
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 306-5003
Mr. Mark Crabtree
ARMY 05-023      Selected for Award
Title:Establishing Selection Measures of Vigilance Performance
Abstract:Vigilance, or the ability to maintain focus of attention and remain alert for prolonged periods of time, is a very important attribute for warfighters in today's technology-driven battlespace. Problematic is the fact that individuals vary widely in their ability to maintain vigilance performance over time. Thus, there is a need to select individuals based on their vigilance performance capability for specific job assignments. Many researchers have tried and failed in their attempt to develop tools for identifying individuals who can maintain high levels of vigilance performance. Some previous attempts did not benefit from guidance afforded by sound human performance theories, and they generally employed a singular approach toward predicting vigilance performance. Recent research indicates that vigilance is multidimensional and is correlated both with certain personality factors and the individual's response to stress and workload. Also, evidence suggests that long term vigilance performance is correlated with intense short-term performance on specific tasks. Taken together, these results suggest a multi-pronged approach to the development of a valid, inexpensive, and efficient vigilance selection battery that includes personality test elements, performance tasks, and cognitive workload/stress assessment. The primary product of Phase I is the design and demonstration of this battery.

MIRUM CORP.
805 Gibbon St.
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 683-1840
Mr. Joseph Chiara
ARMY 05-024      Selected for Award
Title:Trust in Temporary Groups
Abstract:As organizations have moved toward less centralized arrangements, interdependence of individuals and units has become more common. One of the most important determinants of performance in interdependent systems is trust (Axelrod, 1984; Kramer, 1999). Without some level of trust, transaction costs in an interdependent system become unmanageable, and the system fails. There are a variety of factors that influence the development of trust. One of the most important is experience. In particular, trust between one entity and another develops as a result of the trustor experiencing competent, reliable, well-intentioned behavior on the part of the trustee. This ?oswift trust?? is likely to be more fragile than trust that is allowed to develop more slowly. Thus, in addition to establishing the determinants of trust in temporary work groups, it would be useful to examine the factors that allow the initial trust in temporary groups to develop into a less fickle form of trust should the group remain together for a more extended period of time

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5260
Dr. Jacqueline Haynes
ARMY 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:An IPD-based approach for Adaptable Story-based Leadership Training & Assessment
Abstract:instructional design and SCORM-compliant web-based distance learning infrastructure to create a richer learning environment that is believable, adaptable and easily accessible. Interactive Pedagogical Drama is an instructional environment where "the learning of skills is through compelling interactive stories". In order to construct an IPD-inspired leadership training environment, we propose to create the following: intelligent agent-based infrastructure that supports modeling of believable role-playing characters; training scenario that has a good story structure focusing on developing and assessing leadership abilities, with a strong narrative drive and is believable to the learners training on it; instructional design that leverages the adaptability that IPD provides and an infrastructure that combines real-time simulations with web-based learning. We will have 4 objectives: (1) Use IAI's intelligent agent modeling infrastructure, MAGIC, for creating role-playing characters in adaptable stories. (2) Modify/adapt a crowd-behavior simulation to create leadership training scenarios that provides domain for instruction. (3) Use IAI's SITA infrastructure for integrating adaptable story-based simulations into distance learning environments. (4) Create a training /assessment module that demonstrates the effectiveness of IPD-based instructions.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Dr. Michael Hertz
ARMY 05-025      Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Role-play Exercises for a Leader Development Center.
Abstract:Progeny proposes to use their non-tactical application/e-learning experience from the U.S. Navy to support Army e-learning and simulation for development of leadership in stressful combat situations. Progeny intends to treat simulation components as Shareable Content Object Reuse Model (SCORM) Reusable Learning Objects (RLOs) and use the SCORM sequencing standard to deliver these simulations as part of an interactive learning scenario. This application would utilize the open source, open standard Common Technical Architecture and Service Oriented Architecture products being delivered to the DoD.

AGILE MATERIALS & TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
93 Castilian Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-5159
Mr. Roger Forse
ARMY 05-026      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Materials Integration and Processing of Nonlinear Tunable Thin Films with Affordable Large Area Substrates to Promote Microwave Frequency (Ka band) Wafer Phased Array Antennas
Abstract:Agile has successfully demonstrated the ability to design and manufacture high performance, voltage controllable analog millimeter wave phase shifters for use in phased array antennas using the ferroelectric material, Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) in thin film form. Agile has also performed pioneering work in the design and manufacture of phased array monolithic antennas manufactured on a single substrate. This work was performed for a commercial application, automotive anti-collision radar conformally mounted on the bumpers, but is ideally suited for the manufacture of cost-effective and scalable conformal antennas. Agile is proposing to develop a Ka band 2-D electronically scanned antennas on a single wafer containing the phase shifters, feed network and antenna radiating elements utilizing our BST technology and industry standard semiconductor manufacturing techniques. Our current substrate is 4" in diameter and less than 500 microns thick. These integrated antennas can be manufactured at a low cost. The Phase I proposal will focus on extending our work from the automotive radar effort and performing high fidelity EM simulations and produce a mask design for a 2-D monolithic scanning antenna. Phase II will involve the actual manufacture of the antenna designed in Phase I.

SVT ASSOC., INC.
7620 Executive Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 934-2100
Dr. Andrei Osinsky
ARMY 05-026      Selected for Award
Title:Phased Array Antennas on Large Area Substrates
Abstract:In the Phase I program an inovative approach to modeling and fabrication of integrated phase array antennas is proposed. The approach uses advantages of implementing scientific modeling and simulation on EM Premier workstation which enables a full 3D FDTD algorithm.The feasibility of integration of BST with large area Si wafers will be explored using novel material growth techniques.

Q-DOT, INC.
1069 Elkton Drive
Colorado Springs, CO 80907
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 590-1112
Mr. Donald L. Herman, Jr.
ARMY 05-027      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra-wideband (UWB) Analog Front-End (AFE) /Analog- to-Digital Converter (ADC)(9703)
Abstract:Q-DOT proposes an innovative analog front-end (AFE) and analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for ultra-wideband (UWB) systems. Modern communications and radar signals combine complex modulation with wide bandwidth to reduce power and lower the probability of intercept. Current digital receivers do not offer both high dynamic range and wide bandwidth needed to detect and characterize these signals. The proposed AFE includes an LNA and novel track-and-hold to facilitate direct conversion to over 10 GHz. Two ADCs are proposed: a novel parallel UWB ADC, and a Nyquist ADC with unique circuits to provide high-resolution UWB performance. Each offers > 10 times the bandwidth of present devices with comparable resolution. Rather than channelizing using filters and mixers, the parallel ADC uses frequency domain encoding to spread the UWB input among baseband ADCs. Digital processing reconstructs the entire input bandwidth with high dynamic range. The Nyquist ADC uses a novel front end to reduce complexity and power while providing UWB performance. The proposed AFE/ADC is modular, expandable, and adaptable. After conceptual design, prototype high resolution UWB AFE/ADC chips can be realized during Phase II. The UWB AFE/ADC will help realize small, low-power, high-performance digital receivers for future surveillance and instrumentation systems.

SYSTRAN FEDERAL CORP.
4027 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 210
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Daniel Kien
ARMY 05-027      Selected for Award
Title:Analog Front End (AFE) and Analog-to-Digital Conversion (ADC) Design for UWB Systems
Abstract:Ultra wide band (UWB) systems are often promoted as a method of optimizing the increasingly limited bandwidth available for information transfer. However, by virtue of their low power and wide instantaneous bandwidth, UWB systems are susceptible to jamming and aperture blinding by stronger narrowband systems licensed for use in the same band and often times co-located with the UWB system. To mitigate the potentially adverse effects of the hundreds of jammers that are possible in a dynamic, real-world environment requires a judicious selection and design of the UWB receiver system's architecture and components. SFC, along with our distinguished research partners, propose to research, design, and develop a state-of-the-art UWB receiver system integrated circuit (IC) "module" that facilitates immunity to narrow band signals when incorporated into a UWB system. To maximize the functionality of the module, it will have the coding inputs to allow the module to be used in parallel with identical (or similar) ICs so that systems can be designed for (or adapted to) as much or as little bandwidth as required for the mission of the moment.

JMARTECHNOLOGIES, RESEARCH DIVISION
3956 Sorrento Valley Boulevard
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1706
Dr. Harry Rieger
ARMY 05-028      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Multipulse Agile Laser Source for Real-Time Spark Spectrochemical Hazard Analysis in the Field
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a small innovative compact laser capable of providing two or more pulses in short succession for optimizing the detection of hazardous materials in the field via real time spectrochemical techniques. Lasers suitable for dual pulse LIBS operation need to have good spatial beam quality and high pulse energy to provide enough energy to ionize the material under study, especially from relatively large standoff distances. While JMAR BrightLite diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers can currently meet all of the above criteria it is desirable to put the laser building blocks in a configuration suitable for adjustable dual pulse mode operation. In this proposal we propose a modification of our diode pumped Nd:YAG laser system by designing and testing a proof of concept module built around a a dual Pockels cell geometry. By individually adjusting the turn on and turn off times of the two Pockels cells on each side of a diode pumped Nd:YAG rod, the laser can be made to emit dual pulses with variable time delay between the pulses. By varying the timing of the Pockel cells relative to each other the relative amount of energy in each pulse can be varied.

RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 926-1167
Mr. Arieh M. Karger
ARMY 05-028      Awarded: 09DEC05
Title:Compact, Multipulse Agile Laser for Spectrochemical Applications
Abstract:High-energy, tunable, pulsed lasers are vital components in many state-of-the-art optical systems, including Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for standoff spectrochemical detection and analysis of explosives and other chemicals. In order to enhance the signal and improve repeatability, it is necessary to perform LIBS measurements in dual-pulse mode, with two short high-energy pulses with a variable delay. Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc., in collaboration with Dr. Chandra Khattak from Crystal systems, Inc., proposes to develop a novel laser system specifically suited for double-pulse LIBS experiments, based on a new gain medium and a unique Q-switched cavity to extract the pulses in the required fashion. The laser will deliver pulses of ~10 ns width and 50-200 mJ energies with pulse separation between 1 and 10 s. It will be wavelength agile and will also have the capability for wavelength tuning.

GLOBAL ASSESSMENT LLC
3372 Edgewater Drive
Orlando, FL 32804
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 491-6034
Dr. Shatha Samman
ARMY 05-029      Selected for Award
Title:Hands-Free or Limited-Manipulation Language Translation Tools for Non-Linguist Soldiers
Abstract:The overall objective of this research is to design and build a portable and hands-free multimodal Arabic-English translation system that can utilize both verbal and non-verbal information and scenarios to facilitate communication between soldiers and Arab coalition partners as well as native Arabic speaking civilians. The specific objectives of the phase I research are to (1) review all currently available and near future prototype commercial off the shelf and government off the shelf language translation tools, as well as any multimodal technology that aids in limiting the need for hands-on manipulation in computing (including interface design, speech recognition and input control ergonomics), (2) explore the possibility and feasibility of developing scenario-based picture language and animations that can be used to communicate with minimal manipulation or hands-free interfaces, and (3) develop a design specification for a set of language translation tools that will allow limited but mission critical language translation for up to 3 operational scenarios. In Phase II, the development and testing of a prototype system in a realistic simulated environment will be undertaken.

DOMINCA, INC.
12111 Ranchitos Road, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 822-0005
Dr. Nancy A. Winfree
ARMY 05-030      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Blast Resistant Armor Appliqus
Abstract:Armors that provide protection against blast do so through a number of mechanisms. Simple elastic mechanisms include reflection of the blast wave because of the armor's high impedance relative to air, and distribution of energy over a large area by wave propagation through the armor. Non-linear effects, such as plasticity and damage evolution, enhance the armor's effectiveness by dissipating mechanical energy. The goal of the work proposed here is to develop armor that utilizes "waiting elements," a concept that research suggests is capable of increasing the energy dissipated by plastic deformation or fracture. Waiting elements were proposed and studied by Professor Andrej Cherkaev, at the University of Utah, and his colleagues. Much of his mathematical analysis has been with lump-parameter models. The force-elongation behavior of the non-linear springs governs the dissipation of the material. Our goal is to transition the concept into practice. In Phase I we first create several armor concepts that seem feasible in terms of manufacturing. We then rely on finite-element methods and lumped-parameter models to predict the response of these concepts to blast, and to conduct parametric studies of their performance.

RKB TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
223 Main Street
West Point, MS 39773
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(662) 325-7580
Dr. Randal K. Buddington
ARMY 05-031      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Development of Nutritional Supplements to Reduce the Incidence and Severity of Diarrhea
Abstract:Despite medical advances, infectious diarrheas continue to afflict most military personnel deployed overseas, particularly to battlefield settings, and reduce force size and efficiency. Because many pathogens causing diarrhea are resistant to antibiotics, there is a need for alternative therapeutics that will reduce the incidence and severity of diarrhea. Phase 1 work by RKB Technologies will test the concept that the incidence and severity of diarrhea can be reduced by chronic consumption of a food product (nutritional supplement) that includes a combination of agents that reduce densities of pathogens and enhance host immune functions. This will be accomplished using animal models of infectious diarrhea, and will focus on a food product with probiotics and prebiotics as antidiarrheal agents. A related objective is to determine if heat-killed probiotics or soluble factors that are secreted during culture can be used instead of viable bacteria, which are not compatible with the processing and long-term storage of MREs. Phase 2 work will evaluate other probiotics and prebiotics, and determine if efficacy can be increased by including additional components that confer other functional properties. The goal is to provide the military with a food product that increases resistance to infectious agents of diarrhea and other diseases

FORTIS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
2249 Federal Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 479-7599
Dr. Ken K. Ho
ARMY 05-032      Selected for Award
Title:Damping of Micro-scale Devices Using a Hybrid Magnetostrictive/Shape Memory Thin Film
Abstract:Future combat systems will involve "smart" munitions with MEMS inertial measurement units (IMU) to control positioning and targeting. Precision targeting is problematic with these new IMU sensors because the vibration and shock during launch and flight can cause drift in the sensors. A passive vibration module is proposed to dampen these extraneous vibrations, such that precision targeting can be achieved. The dampen module utilizes a hybrid magnetostrictive/shape memory alloy thin film to passively dampen the mechanical vibrations. The module is compact and adds minimal mass and dimension to the packaged sensor. It is integrated at the die level and fabricated using MEMS compatible processes.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5215
Dr. Yan Zhang
ARMY 05-033      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Ultrafast Detection and Tracking Using Retrodirective Random-Noise Monopulse Radar
Abstract:We propose to build and deploy an innovative radar system combining retrodirective noise correlating (RNC) stage with random-noise monopulse tracking stage. The radar will not only detect inbound target with ultra-high speed, but also provide the angle-of-arrival (AOA) and range estimation almost simultaneously, furthermore, the technology has outstanding ECCM capability because of its wideband true random-noise waveform. The technology combines retrodirective antenna array, which provides `self-cueing' detection, and X-band coherent monopulse noise radar. The retrodirective array and first-stage correlator provide automatic beam steering and range gating, then monopulse processing generates target AOA and range estimation instantly from the second stage correlation. The entire detection/tracking time is only limited to RF propagation delay, no complicated DSP is needed.

MARK RESOURCES, INC.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
Dr. Richard L. Mitchell
ARMY 05-033      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Ultrafast Detection and Acquisition Radar for Ballistics Defense
Abstract:MARK Resources has developed a practical radar concept to detect high-velocity projectiles at very short range in sufficient time for countermeasures. It will have a very fast reaction time, yet it will be small, lightweight, and inexpensive to develop. It is based on a non-scanning beam that continuously illuminates the entire 360 sector in azimuth, so that it can detect and track all incoming objects simultaneously, regardless of the number that happen to be in the air at any given time. The system will be designed to detect and track small bullets at the range of at least 100 meters. Not only will more countermeasures be available with the timely response, but it will also be able to use the tracks to direct accurate counterfire against the weapon.

PHYSICAL DOMAINS
3700 Cedarbend Dr.
Glendale, CA 91214
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 795-3247
Ms. Elayne Brown
ARMY 05-033      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Ultrafast Detection and Acquisition Radar for Ballistics Defense
Abstract:This project entails the design and demonstration of a X-band retrodirective noise-correlating (RNC) radar designed specifically for bullet detection and shooter geolocation. Preliminary research carried out for the DoD (U.S. Army Research Office and DARPA) of such a system has already demonstrated that ultrafast detection and tracking of a bullet is possible owing to the unique modality that the RNC radar offers. The present Phase-I research will design and optimize such a system in X band and test it on small fast moving targets. Computer simulations (ADS) will be carried out in parallel to determine how far out in range the radar will acquire bullets as a function of its electronic gain and aperture (i.e., number of channels). To leverage the previous DoD research, an existing X-band breadboard will be adapted and implemented for the proposed experiments.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Michael G. Izenson
ARMY 05-034      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Borazane Hydrogen Generator for Portable Fuel Cells
Abstract:Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells convert hydrogen fuel directly to electric power and offer a lightweight and efficient power source for individual soldiers. However, technology for storing the hydrogen fuel is still too heavy to meet the Army's mission requirements. We propose to develop a very lightweight hydrogen generator based on borazane (H3NBH3). Our innovation is a unique packaging and thermal control system that will produce hydrogen on demand through controlled thermal decomposition of borazane. This approach can enable individual soldier power systems to meet the Army's challenging goals for energy density (1000 W-hr/kg). In Phase I we will prove feasibility through proof-of-concept testing and system design.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Alan Cisar
ARMY 05-034      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Lightweight High Yield Borazane-fed Hydrogen Generator
Abstract:With 19.6 wt% hydrogen in its composition, borazane (NH3BH3), a water soluble, non-cryogenic solid, is one of the most hydrogen rich solids around, and a promising means to deliver hydrogen for use in fuel cells. The hydrogen can be liberated by either hydrolysis or pyrolysis with a throttleable hydrolysis reactor producing a higher hydrogen yield from a given mass of borazane with no need for a pressure vessel and no high temperature heat signature. In this system hydrogen is generated at near ambient temperature through the catalyzed hydrolysis of an aqueous borazane solution. Lynntech proposes to develop a lightweight generator to produce hydrogen on demand through the controlled hydrolysis of borazane using water of almost any quality. This means that a soldier requiring 20 W of continuous power will only require about 400 g of fuel with an energy density of 3.6 Wh (when the hydrogen is consumed at typical fuel cell efficiency) and produce a net system energy density of =1.5 kWh/kg (including water that can be collected locally) for a 72 hr mission. To match a variable power demand, the rate of hydrogen generation can be varied to maximize the utilization of borazane.

PROTONEX TECHNOLOGY CORP.
153 Northboro Road
Southborough, MA 01772
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 490-9960
Dr. Paul Osenar
ARMY 05-034      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:A Compact Borazane Hydrogen Generator for a Soldier Fuel Cell Power System
Abstract:Lightweight and compact power sources are a critical need to a broad range of defense, homeland security and communication applications. Proton exchange membrane (PEM) hydrogen/air fuel cells coupled with chemical hydride fuels such as borazane which are gravimetrically high in extractable hydrogen content can provide quiet, lightweight solutions to the escalating energy demands of the modern soldier. Small, state-of-the-art PEM fuel cell systems have already been developed by Protonex Technology Corporation. Protonex is focused on developing a complete fuel cell based power solution (20W net electric) utilizing borazane fuel that will meet the difficult requirements for soldier power applications. The proposed system will be based on an innovative fueling design provided by snap-in borazane cartridges for prolonged mission length, maximum flexibility and high energy density.

R&D DYNAMICS CORP.
15 Barber Pond Road
Bloomfield, CT 06002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 726-1204
Dr. Giri Agrawal
ARMY 05-035      Awarded: 16NOV05
Title:Foil Face Seal For Advanced Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:There is a great need of gas turbine engines providing reduced specific fuel consumption (SFC), lower production and maintenance cost, and higher power to weight ratio. Innovative gas path seals are required to meet these goals and improve performance. Traditionally labyrinth seals have been used at various locations including at the hot turbine section of the engine. Significant amount of research has been done to replace these seals with brush, hydrostatic and hydrodynamic seals. None of these concepts have provided a satisfactory solution yet. Preliminary work has provided a foundation and cataylst that a foil face seal based on the theory of successful foil thrust bearings will greatly improve gas path seals required for advanced turbine engines. In Phase I, feasibility will be proven by analysis, design and limited testing. In Phase II, a full size foil face seal will be designed, built and laboratory tested in an environment similar to a gas turbine engine. In Phase III, the developed full foil face seal will be installed in an actual gas turbine engine and tested.

TPL, INC.
3921 Academy Parkway North, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 342-4437
Mr. Kirk Slenes
ARMY 05-036      Selected for Award
Title:Functionally Reinforced Nanocomposite for Structural High Energy Density Capacitors
Abstract:Future electromagnetic armor and gun systems will rely on large quantities of capacitive pulse power. At present, these capacitors represent a significant contribution to size and weight on mobile platforms, limiting their deploy-ability and strategic responsiveness. One method of minimizing mass and volume is to utilize capacitors as structural components. Significant savings could be achieved with capacitors engineered to carry structural loads so that vehicle structural components could be replaced with load-bearing, capacitive elements. Similarly, capacitive components could be used to replace a portion of vehicle armor. TPL proposes development of a structural, high energy density capacitor for electromagnetic weapons systems by applying a novel composite dielectric technology to an innovative capacitor design. TPL's high strength/stiffness nano-composite dielectric will be molded into an electrode structure (stainless steel wire mesh) that serves as structural reinforcement. The composite matrix will serve an energy storage and structural function while the electrode mesh will serve a current delivery and structural function. Laboratory and sub-scale capacitor models will be designed, fabricated and evaluated. The designs will be specific to the Army's electromagnetic weapons requirements. Evaluation will include electrical performance, structural performance and delivered energy density.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Dr. Harris Gold
ARMY 05-037      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Low Parasitic Loss Solid Waste Preprocessor for Forward Waste to Energy Conversion
Abstract:tba

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5658
Mr. John Bowman
ARMY 05-037      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Solid Waste Preprocessor for Field Waste to Energy Conversion
Abstract:TIAX and CQ Inc. propose to develop a solid waste preprocessor (SWP) system based on briquetting technology. Briquetting is a time-proven solid fuel preparation technique used widely around the world with a variety of feed stocks. This project addresses the two key challenges to developing a preprocessor system for the Army's waste to energy conversion system. The first challenge is to define the critical parameters of the required preprocessing steps that produce satisfactory briquettes. The second is to identify process equipment that can accomplish or be modified to accomplish these steps within size, weight, and performance requirements of the OFWECS. Phase I will define, through interaction with WEC developers and process testing, the critical parameters of the required preprocessing steps that produce satisfactory briquettes. An Optional Phase I will further identify process equipment manufacturers for the required components and develop plans to modify the equipment to be within the size, weight and performance requirements of the OFWECS Phase II will develop a prototype preprocessor/briquetter system based on the process parameters and preliminary design generated in Phase I that meets the requirement of and can be integrated with the WEC.

ENERGY RESEARCH CO.
2571-A Arthur Kill Road
Staten Island, NY 10309
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 608-0935
Dr. Arel Weisberg
ARMY 05-038      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Optical Stand-Off Detection of Explosive Residue
Abstract:Energy Research Company (ERCo) proposes the development of a novel and highly powerful sensor technology for detecting films and residues of explosive materials. This sensor will enable the detection of improvised explosive devices (IED's), car bombs, and other weapons being used against U.S. and allied forces and local civilians in Iraq and Afghanistan. By optically scanning surfaces that the bomber has likely touched, for example, car door handles and window sills, from distances as far as 10's of meters away, the sensor will detect explosive residues in a safe and discreet fashion. Given the persistent threat of terrorism in the U.S. and abroad, ERCo sees significant commercial opportunity from the development if this sensor. Following successful development of the sensor under the SBIR program, ERCo will manufacture and market the final system to security agencies for remote detection of IED's and other explosive devices at airports, chemical plants, and other potential terrorist targets. Experimental feasibility of ERCo's concept has been proven in the lab. In Phase I, we will extend these preliminary results to accurately gauge the system's operating envelope.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-7130
Dr. Glenn Bastiaans
ARMY 05-038      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Time Correlation Enhanced Stand Off Raman Detection
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop a novel, highly sensitive stand-off detector for trace amounts of explosives. The most promising stand-off detection schemes for explosive residues are optical in nature but are limited in both sensitivity and range. The essential problem is in the light detection components and the signal processing algorithms, which do not allow sufficient signal to noise discrimination. Applying IOS' experience in Optical Time Domain Reflectometry (OTDR) signal processing, it will be possible to extend the sensitivity of existing stand-off Raman spectroscopy residue detection systems by two orders of magnitude, extending the stand-off detection range by as much as an order of magnitude. Principal component analysis of the spectra, which IOS is already applying to concealed explosives detection, will provide rapid and unambiguous identification of even multiple component explosives residue. What distinguishes IOS is the way that IOS processes OTDR signals. It has already been shown that stand-off Raman spectroscopy works for explosive residue detection, though it currently lacks sensitivity. OTDR signal processing is also well known. IOS will combine these two approaches, and demonstrate that, by using time-correlation spectroscopy, we can digitally extract extremely small signals from a background many orders of magnitude larger.

MATSYS, INC.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Dr. Tony F Zahrah
ARMY 05-039      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Novel Manufacturing of Bulk Metallic Glasses
Abstract:Materials and Manufacturing Systems, Inc. (MATSYS) proposes to develop a novel manufacturing technique for greatly increasing fine powder yield and improving particle size control by significantly increasing the supersonic gas jet length downstream of the nozzle tip to increase the length of the breakup region and maximize the breakup of the powder. This objective can be achieved by control of the atomizer chamber pressure. Typical controlled-atmosphere atomizers operate with chambers at or slightly above atmospheric pressure. However, if one drops the chamber pressure below atmospheric, one can effectively increase the expansion ratio of the atomizing gas, which produces slightly higher gas velocities and significantly longer supersonic gas jet lengths. The elongated jet lengths will improve atomization performance in the region well downstream of the nozzle, leading to the sought after high yields of fine particles. The ability to control the chamber pressure is the key factor that enables us to examine this previously unexplored processing space. During this program, we will atomize metallic glass compositions and demonstrate the strength of the approach to enhance fine powder yield and control particle size. Upon successful demonstration, this technique can be easily applied to different compositions and scaled for cost-effective, high volume production.

GENVAC AEROSPACE CORP.
110 Alpha Park
Cleveland, OH 44143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 646-9946
Dr. James A. Dayton, Jr.
ARMY 05-040      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Combined sub mm TWT and BWO with Biplanar Interdigital Circuit
Abstract:We propose to develop a tunable one-Watt signal source, nominally centered at 650 GHz, comprised of a backward wave oscillator (BWO) that provides a signal that is amplified by a traveling wave tube (TWT). The BWO and the TWT are fabricated as a unit on the same substrate using standard silicon lithography and processes of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of diamond that are proprietary to GENVAC. Both the BWO and the TWT utilize the novel biplanar interdigital slow wave circuit recently introduced by GENVAC. Utilizing a process discovered recently at GENVAC, widely available, cost effective silicon fabrication technology will be used to form a negative of the desired diamond structure that will serve as a mold for the deposition of the diamond. The structure will be formed in two halves and then accurately positioned and bonded using techniques routinely employed in the fabrication of liquid crystal displays. In order to provide precise alignment of the electron gun with the slow wave circuit, these elements will be formed as a single unit. A practical, credible, step-by-step process has been devised to fabricate the proposed BWO/TWT.

MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5799L Burke Centre Parkway
Burke, VA 22015
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 250-6485
Dr. Jose E. Velazco
ARMY 05-040      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Miniature Sub-millimeter Wave Magnetron Oscillator
Abstract:We propose the development of a revolutionary miniature submillimeter-wave magnetron oscillator (SMO) that will provide multi-milliwatt terahertz radiation for applications requiring greater imaging resolution and higher communication bandwidth. The proposed SMO concept uses a cross-field arrangement wherein a rotating electron beam interacts with the fields of a multi-vane cylindrical cavity. The electron beam, produced by a micron-sized cold-cathode, is used to generate a high-power wave inside the cavity. The SMO should be easily fabricated using state-of-the-art MEMS microfabrication technology, and will be a pioneering step towards combining vacuum tube technology with solid-state microfabrication technology. Some of the applications for these new exciting devices include standoff detection of concealed weapons and biological hazards, tabletop accelerators, terahertz high-resolution radar, THz chemical and biological sensing, commercial THz line-of-sight networking and ultrahigh-speed computers. Detailed numerical and computational analysis of this concept are is proposed during Phase I in order to evaluate key issues such as stability, maximum output power and efficiency. Once successfully developed, the SMO will be the basis for a new generation of high power submillimeter-wave sources capable of producing ultrahigh frequency radiation with high efficiency in an amazingly compact and lightweight package.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Robert Kline-Schoder
ARMY 05-041      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Two-Way Bone Conduction Communication System for High Noise Environments
Abstract:Bone conduction communication has the potential to offer many advantages for communication between Army personnel carrying out their missions. This will be especially important for the Future Force Warrior (FFW) where stealth operations, hearing protection, or environmental noise will make communication with acoustic conduction either impossible or not advisable. The goal of this project is to develop a two-way bone conduction communication system with high output and low leakage. Our bone conduction communication system will consist of novel micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) transducers custom designed and packaged for use in transmission and reception of bone-conducted sounds. Our bone conduction system promises to overcome the limitations of existing technology by providing high levels of directional transmittal of sound and highly sensitive directional reception of sound. We will design our bone conduction communication system to meet the guidelines detailed in MIL-STD-1472F and will verify the performance with laboratory and field tests. During the Phase I project, we will prove the feasibility of our innovation by building a scaled model of our design and comparing the performance of our design to existing technologies. During Phase II, we will design, implement, evaluate, and deliver fully functional prototypes to the Army.

SHEET DYNAMICS, LIMITED
1775 Mentor Avenue, Suite 302
Cincinnati, OH 45212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 631-0579
Mr. Stuart Shelley
ARMY 05-041      Selected for Award
Title:An ultrasonic bone conducted communication system
Abstract:An ultrasonic based bone conduction communication system is proposed that will have negligible coupling of the exciter to the ambient acoustic environment or of the bone conduction microphone to ambient sound. This will significantly incease communication intelligibility in high noise environments and increase the stealth of communication in very quiet environments. The physics of the approach is well established and published research in the medical field provides initial exerimental verification of feasibility of the approach. In addition, appropriate coupling mechanisms are proposed that will provide efficient, robust and comfortable coupling of transducers to a wearers skull.

ULTRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 105
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 420-3486
Dr. Charles Kuznia
ARMY 05-042      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:Alignment Tolerant Optical Connector with Active Regenerative Element
Abstract:We investigate a method of embedding a small active optical component within a backplane connector module. The optical component is a multi-channel parallel optic transceiver that receives and regenerates multiple optical channels at data rates above 40 Gbps.

ZIVA CORP.
6160 Lusk Blvd, C-206
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 735-2496
Dr. Anis Husain
ARMY 05-042      Awarded: 10DEC05
Title:ACTIVE ALIGNMENT CORRECTION WITH VERTICAL CAVITY SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL AMPLIFIER (VCSOA)
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR proposal, Ziva proposes to investigate the feasibility of developing an optical connector between a board and a backplane which not only provides optical regeneration but is alignment tolerant, scalable in bandwidth to >40Gbps, operates with very low interchannel crosstalk, provides high connection density as well as having layout flexibility and process and cost compatibility with mainstream electronic manufacturing. Ziva's unique solution is derived from the remarkable properties of Vertical-Cavity Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (VCSOA) to provide amplification gain of >20dB and be able to achieve >40Gbps direct modulation. This low cost optical amplifier device can be fabricated in dense arrays providing low cost high areal density solutions for amplification, while being able to provide self induced optical beam re-alignment to relax board to board optical alignment tolerances. The anticipated results of this effort are to demonstrate the basic concept of the alignment tolerant optical connector with gain in Phase I and develop this concept further into an array connector demo in Phase II.

INTER MATERIALS, LLC
623 Muirfield Court
Richmond, VA 23236
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(804) 378-6034
Dr. Francisco Folgar
ARMY 05-043      Awarded: 21NOV05
Title:Low Cost Manufacturing of Ballistic Helmets
Abstract:One of the US Army's priority R&D areas has been focused on lightening the load carried by the soldier. Much of this concentrates on personnel body armor such as ballistic vests and helmets. Recent composite material developments using aramid fabrics coated with thermoplastic resins and graphite fabric-epoxy skins demonstrate potential not only to meet/exceed all structural and ballistic requirements; but also to reduce weight of the current helmets. INTER Materials (INTER) is in a unique position to assist the US Army in developing a new manufacturing process to mold thermoplastic composite ballistic helmets with graphite-epoxy skins based on: 1) INTER has developed an innovative technology for cost-effectively molding thermoplastic matrix composite helmets that takes less time than the current compression molding process used for the PASGT helmet; 2) INTER technology would allow the US Army to incorporate the same ballistic protection with significant weight and cost reduction; and 3) the INTER process has great commercial potential because it takes advantage of 80% of the existing helmet manufacturing infrastructure and; 4)INTER has ongoing working relationships with a major US helmet manufacturer and international military markets.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Ms. Karin Karg
ARMY 05-044      Selected for Award
Title:Spray Formed Aluminum Armor Plate (1000-780)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc, Aluminum Consultants Group and, the Applied Research Laboratory at Penn State University propose to develop spray formed aluminum armor plate using their Spray Metal Forming (SMF) facility. This laboratory has produced alloys with strength in excess of 115 ksi with elongation in excess of 8%. These alloys can only be fabricated using a rapid solidification process such as the SMF process used at the Applied Research Lab at PSU. This high performance aluminum answers a need for lightweight armor. Although not a replacement for steel, the proposed high performance aluminum, for certain threat levels can be significantly lighter than a steel solution. Rapid solidification processes such as SMF offer distinct advantages over conventional ingot metallurgy processing. Due to cooling rates on the order 103 to 105 K/s, bulk material produced using the SMF process exhibits enhanced mechanical properties due to the resultant fine grain size homogeneous distribution of second phases and the absence of macro-segregation. In certain alloy systems, a high volume fraction of fine (0.05 to 0.2 mm) intermetallic dispersoids may be obtained in SMF material processed at higher cooling rates. Large plates of this high performance aluminum will be fabricated for ballistic testing.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Jay C. Rozzi
ARMY 05-045      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Laser-Assisted Seamless Joining of Ceramic Gun Barrels
Abstract:Recent advances in armament munitions technology driven by increased muzzle velocity and range specifications require the consideration of silicon nitride ceramic materials for the inner bore of gun barrels. While this material is an excellent candidate, the tight dimensional tolerances required limit the ceramic tube length to 200 mm or less. Hence, innovative joining techniques are required to produce long gun barrel liners that are 1 m or greater in length. Our innovation is a novel, laser-assisted, seamless joining (LASJ) technique that enables localized, controllable, and uniform heating to create a joint that approaches the strength of the virgin material. This novel process combines recent advances in seamless joining with the flexibility of controlled laser heating. Current approaches are hampered by the need for large, inflexible facilities and elaborate control systems. In contrast to current techniques, our approach is compact, flexible, controllable, and affordable.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Dr. Chaolin Hu
ARMY 05-045      Selected for Award
Title:Joining of Ceramic Tubes for Gun Barrel Applications (1000-739)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. (TSI) is proposing a joining method for silicon nitride tubular sections that addresses many of the unique technical and manufacturing challenges associated with gun barrel liner fabrication. The approach involves the use of an interlocking tube-tube joint design and brazing material (plus grain refiners). Localized heating, combined with preferential pressurization, ensures adequate flow and wetting of the brazing material on the faying surfaces. A subsequent post brazing cycle further converts the brazing material within the joint to compatible nitride compound and stabilizes the joint. Compared to conventional ceramic joining techniques based on metallic brazes, we believe our approach offers the following advantages for gun barrel applications: Brazing material readily wets silicon nitride to produce a sound, pressure-tight, pore free joint. Subsequent conversion of the brazing material to nitride compound affords numerous performance advantages: 1) superior ability to withstand repeated exposures to high temperature, 2) elimination/mitigation of thermal expansion mismatch stresses (common in ceramics joined with metallic brazes) increases joint shock resistance. The use of localized heating (tube furnace, induction coil, etc.) simplifies tooling design and full-scale liner assembly and, therefore, offers more options for transitioning the design and process to a production environment.

FIRST RF CORP.
4865 Sterling Drive, Suite 100
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Mr. Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 05-046      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Distributed Antenna Applications for Body Worn Platforms
Abstract:Wearable electronics are of significant interest in several military and commercial applications. The goal of this technology is to optimize performance over a broad bandwidth while minimizing impact on the user. FIRST RF proposes to develop and deliver field-expedient prototypes and models of at least five different technologies for wearable multi-function distributed antenna systems for Land Warrior/Ground Soldier applications, available for immediate testing and human engineering in a battalion unit for the development of network-centric Army operations. Miniaturized separate antennas are proposed for the GPS and EPLRS systems to facilitate rapid development of these products in order to test and develop field-ready hardware in the shortest possible timeframe. The proposed solutions are practical and can be readily manufactured for prompt delivery to the Army war fighter. In order to better assess the suitability of these antennas, each of the prototypes and models that has been developed for this proposal will be delivered to Army in the Phase I kickoff meeting.

POWDERMET, INC.
24112 Rockwell drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Dr. Jun Nable
ARMY 05-047      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Low Cost and Scalable Systems for Synthesizing Tungsten Nanopowders
Abstract:nanocrsytalline tunbsten has the potential to meet or exceed the performance of depleted uranium. unfortunately, no current scalable, domestic source exists for the production of 10-40nm tunsten powders that can be consolidated into nanocrystalline tungsten. I this program Powdermet, a world leader in engineered refractory metal powder technology, will develop carbonyl synthesis and oxide fast reduction techniques to produce spherical, nano-sized tungsten powders.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2312
Dr. Steven D. Dietz
ARMY 05-047      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Inexpensive Process for Tungsten Nanopowder Production
Abstract:Nanostructured tungsten has the potential of exceeding the performance of depleted uranium in kinetic energy devices. To make full density bulk nanocrystalline tungsten, the tungsten powder needs to be less that 20 nm in size, but there currently is no inexpensive and scalable method to mass-produce nanosized tungsten powders. In this Phase I SBIR project, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) will develop an inexpensive and scalable process for the production of tungsten nanopowders. The process will use low-cost tungsten precursors and conventional production methods. To demonstrate the process, at the end of the project we will produce 1 kg of tungsten powder and analyze the particle size and impurity content. Finally, we will evaluate the potential for process to be scaled to greater than 2 kg/hr and estimate the cost of production.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Bryan V. Bergeron
ARMY 05-048      Selected for Award
Title:New Ionic Salts for Green Insensitive Munitions Materials
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), University of Idaho Chemistry Department (U. Id.), and ATK Thiokol (ATK) propose to model, synthesize, characterize, and combust new solid ingredients as green substitutes for RDX and AP. The materials contain very high nitrogen content within the chemical structure, thereby ensuring a large energy release. Predicted energy densities from these ionic salt propellant ingredients will be higher than those obtained from purely covalent compounds. Modeling software will be used to predict chemical densities, heats of formation (Hf), and explosive properties. Two of the most promising compounds will be synthesized and their densities and Hf measured. The materials will be combusted and the pressure and temperature responses recorded. Co crystals comprised of a new ionic salt and a green oxidizer will be produced and tested. Thermochemical calculations will be performed to predict gas products, adiabatic flame temperatures, and specific impulses due to decomposition/combustion. Impact and toxicology tests will be conducted and the results compared to those of RDX and AP. In Phase II, new propellant ingredients will be modeled, synthesized, characterized, and incorporated within formulations containing co-oxidizers and/or binder to meet or exceed current IM test criteria.

ZIMMERMAN ASSOC., INC.
9302 Lee Highway, Suite 600
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 371-3584
Dr. Patrick W. Johnson
ARMY 05-049      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:A Multifunction UWB Radar Sensor for Enhanced Helicopter Flight Safety and Minefield Detection
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR proposal is directed at the development of the design for a helicopter radar landing aid to assist the pilot in landing in brown out or white out conditions where the helicopter is engulfed in a cloud of sand or snow as it descends. The proposed down-looking, time modulated ultra wideband (TM-UWB) radar is to be mounted on the bottom of the fuselage of the helicopter. This small and short range radar will use a dual orthogonal linear array antenna and multiple parallel and independent low power channels to form a three dimensional image of the landing area beneath the descending helicopter. The virtual image generated by the system will be displayed and will allow the pilot to observe all obstacles and gullies beneath the helicopter. The system will provide the pilot with the ability to ensure that each of the aircraft's landing gear is clear of obstacles or depressions.

UNIVERSAL DISPLAY CORP.
375 Phillips Blvd
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 671-0980
Mrs. Anna Chwang
ARMY 05-050      Selected for Award
Title:Flexible and Conformal Environmental Barrier Technology for Displays
Abstract:The goal of this U.S. Army SBIR program is to develop a novel low cost, multi-layer thin film encapsulation system to enable the in-flex use of AMOLED displays. Universal Display Corporation (UDC) is developing advanced flexible OLED (FOLEDr) technology based on its proprietary high-efficiency phosphorescent OLED (PHOLEDT) and transparent OLED (TOLEDT) technologies. The development of a low stress plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) flexible multilayer encapsulant, deposited in a single deposition chamber using a single precursor gas, in combination with UDC FOLED technology, is the best solution to meet the Army's flexible barrier requirements. These technologies should enable long lived rugged displays that can withstand repetitive flexing for a variety of mobile display applications, including truly roll-out displays, having long lifetime and low power consumption. In Phase 1 we propose to demonstrate extended lifetime PHOLED pixels on glass substrates using a multilayer PECVD grown encapsulant. In a Phase 1 option, this encapsulation process will be applied to top emission pixels. For a subsequent Phase 2 program, we will model the mechanical properties to further optimize and reduce stress in the multilayer stack, demonstrate flexible and low power consumption AMOLED displays on metal substrates, and evaluate the encapsulant flexibility.

HIGH PERFORMANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
11955 Freedom Drive, Suite 1100
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 707-2700
Dr. Charles Cornwell
ARMY 05-051      Selected for Award
Title:Microstructural Reconstruction and Three-Dimensional Mesh Generation for Polycrystalline Materials
Abstract:The Department of Defense's (DoD) Materials by Design program cannot achieve its ultimate goal of discovery, design, and optimization of materials with the novel properties needed to meet current and future needs of the DoD. Government researchers do not have the tools necessary to construct realistic material models capable of making a quantitative connection with real-world materials. High Performance Technologies, Inc. (HPTi) proposes to develop a method for constructing realistic three-dimensional (3D) material models that make a quantitative connection with real-world materials and contain all of the parameters necessary to characterize the initial state of the material. The method uses a combination of experimental and computational techniques to capture the relevant features of the microstructure. It then uses this information to guide the construction of the 3D digital model. This method provides an automated microstructure and grid-generation process that produces accurate 3D digital microstructure models validated by direct comparison to experimental data. HPTi has assembled a team of researchers with expertise in computational science, material science, and grid generation and optimization. We support this technical expertise with the necessary program management, computer science, and software design expertise.

SIMMETRIX, INC.
10 Halfmoon Executive Park Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 348-1639
Dr. Ottmar Klaas
ARMY 05-051      Selected for Award
Title:Polycrystalline Microstructure Reconstruction and Meshing
Abstract:Thermo-mechanical processing of ceramics and metallic alloys, some polymers and composites comprised of a mixture of these materials exist as bulk aggregates of single crystalline lattices. Understanding the physical mechanisms responsible for the dynamic response of those materials subjected to large strain at high stress rates is very important. From experimental observations statistical data describing the newly developed materials are available. The objective of this SBIR is to define a set of interoperable software components to support the effective reconstruction and meshing of the microstructures, and tie them together through a graphical user interface. In detail, this SBIR will provide tools that (i) produce 3D microstructures for polycrystalline materials from the given statistical description of these microstructures, (ii) quantitatively gauge the accuracy of the microstructures with regards to the given statistics, (iii) create a non-manifold boundary representation appropriate for automatic mesh generation from the microstructure, (iv) mesh the non-manifold boundary models and provide adaptive control of the meshes generated, (v) allow the user to control the definition and execution of the reconstruction and meshing process through a graphical user environment.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Dr. Silviu Velicu
ARMY 05-052      Awarded: 07NOV05
Title:Advanced High Operating Temperature Mid-Wave Infrared Sensors
Abstract:High sensitivity HgCdTe infrared arrays operating at 77K can now be tailored in a wide range of wavelengths. However, the cooling requirements make them bulky and unsuitable for many DOD applications. We propose two novel approaches to increase their operating temperature. In the first approach, we will demonstrate p-d-n equilibrium HgCdTe detectors. Because of the lack of symmetry between the valence and conduction bands in HgCdTe, the lifetimes in d-type material are higher than those in n-type layers. The challenge of implementing a p-d-n HgCdTe detector is to obtain low p-type doping in the absorber region. Arsenic will be introduced by a novel technique based on implantation and diffusion by thermal annealing. In the second approach, p-d-n devices developed in the first approach will be operated under non-equilibrium conditions. In non-equilibrium operation the minority carriers are extracted to one side of the active area of a detector and the contact to the other side prevents their replenishment. As a consequence, the carrier concentration is decreased dramatically. This leads to increases in recombination lifetimes, dynamic impedances and detectivities. To implement these two approaches, we propose to use HgCdTe infrared materials grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) directly on large area (3-5") silicon substrates with CdTe buffer layers.

ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.
131 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 761-2288
Dr. Hilary Snell
ARMY 05-053      Selected for Award
Title:An Accurate, Efficient Atmospheric Radiative Transfer Algorithm for TAWS
Abstract:A core process for sensor performance prediction is the radiative transport algorithm used to convert the scene environmental characteristics into radiance. Numeric approximations are often used to enhance execution time at the expense of overall radiometric accuracy. However, many radiative transfer approximations have limited applicability, working only for a set of atmospheric conditions, sensor configurations, or geometry. The use of approximations to the full radiative transfer solution is not always the best approach and in the ideal case the user would have the ability to tune both radiometric accuracy and the execution time to achieve the ideal balance for a particular problem. Since TAWS supports sensors in multiple wavebands, consistent physics across multiple wavebands is highly advantageous. We propose to extend our OSS radiative transfer module for TAWS to meet the radiative transfer requirements (all view angles and for a full range of scattering conditions) in an extremely computationally efficient manner without cumbersome approximations or discontinuities. Replacing the current radiative transfer model in TAWS with OSS would provide connectivity to state-of-art spectroscopic parameters for molecules, clouds, aerosols and surface properties, and would provide a straightforward path for future enhancements such as the inclusion of polarization effects within the model.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Prabhat Acharya
ARMY 05-053      Selected for Award
Title:Rapid Multiple-Scattering Radiative Transfer Algorithm for Target Acquisition Weapons Software
Abstract:Scene simulations are increasingly used for electro-optical sensor design, performance evaluation, and data analysis over a wide range of environment and engagement conditions. For Army ground-to-ground scenarios, Target Acquisition Weapons Software (TAWS) is used to determine target-to-background contrast for optical bandpasses over many lines-of-sight (LOS's). This quantity is highly dependent on single scattering and multiple scattering (MS) of solar flux. The present delta-Eddington MS method used in TAWS is insufficiently accurate for the battlespace-critical horizontal and near-horizontal LOS's. A more accurate radiative transfer (RT) method with little or no sacrifice in computational speed is needed. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to develop a fast and highly accurate RT capability based on scattering methods used in MODTRAN(TM), together with SSI's state-of-the-art correlated-k algorithm, kURT, to compute in-band contrast radiances. The result will be a general atmospheric RT software package with unprecedented fidelity and speed. Re-use of MS calculations will provide an overall speed comparable to the current TAWS or better. Phase I will demonstrate the approach using prototype code elements. In Phase II the software package will be fully developed and integrated into TAWS.

THERMOANALYTICS, INC.
23440 Airpark Blvd, P.O. Box 66
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-9560
Dr. Larry R. Coke
ARMY 05-053      Selected for Award
Title:Integrated Horizontal Line-of-Sight TAWS Model
Abstract:To estimate the diffuse solar radiative flux for visual wavelengths in the atmosphere, TAWS (Target Acquisition Weapons Software) currently employs a delta-Eddington method combined with a plane-parallel atmospheric model. This method and the plane-parallel atmospheric model do not provide sufficient accuracy for HLOS calculations. To handle Army HLOS scenarios, TAWS requires a new technique to compute the diffuse solar radiative flux for visual wavelengths. While exact radiative transfer techniques can calculate this flux accurately, their direct application is too computationally expensive for use in deployed target acquisition and mission planning software. ThermoAnalytics, in conjunction with Northrop Grumman, and Atmospheric Physics professor Dr. Alex Kostinski, proposes an alternative approach of combining an interpolation procedure with the newly improved MODTRAN 4v3r1-based scaled Isaac's 2-stream multiple scattering option. This recent MODTRAN improvement uses DISORT calculations performed at a few fixed spectral points with an external interpolation scheme to reduce the required number of path calculations while achieving near-DISORT accuracy in the 400-700 nanometer band. The interpolation procedure will be designed around the TAWS software architecture. This task will require tuning under various TAWS scenarios to determine optimal strategy for balancing speed and accuracy.

BONNER MOTOR CORP.
15230 Carrousel Way
Rosemount, MN 55068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 267-1572
Mr. Walter Schmied
ARMY 05-054      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Low Fuel-Consumption, High-Altitude Capable, Heavy-Fuel Internal Combustion (IC) Engine Concepts for Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV)
Abstract:Internal Combustion engines (IC) are bound in their ability to create power primarily by the volume of air an engine is able to deliver to the combustion chamber. This formula has particular import at high altitude, where air pressure decreases, resulting in a correlative power loss. Traditional solutions for generating higher compensating air pressure are limited to external add-on devices such as turbochargers and superchargers. These external devices carry penalties with regard to complexity, fuel inefficiency, weight, reliability and cost. We propose a means of generating massive and variable boost to maintain engine power at high altitude. Our proposal utilizes an internal engine chamber which would automatically calibrate and compensate for lapse rate at all altitudes without added weight, complexity, size or cost. It can be expected that this approach to altitude compensation would significantly increase the payload and range of UAV's over traditional turbo and supercharged solutions. With 1D and 3D computer analysis, we expect to model the internal altitude compensation chamber to work in conjunction with an internal variable compression component. Together, they will produce the ability to supply a constantly optimal and massive boost to any aircraft without penalty as regards weight, size, cost or complexity.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Mr. Michael King
ARMY 05-056      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Pultruded Lightweight Integral Rotorcraft Armor
Abstract:Helicopters aircrews and transported troops are vulnerable to small arms fire and shrapnel. Current helicopter armor imposes severe performance penalties due to its high weight. In most cases, armor system weight limits the ability of designers to provide desired levels of personnel protection. KaZaK's proposes an integral armor solution that is cost effective, thin in profile and compatible with a myriad of environmental threats. It employs a unique composite laminate technology coupled with a novel ceramic arrangement for projectile fragmentation and deflection. KaZaK's solution will meet, and possibly even exceed, Army goals for cost effectiveness and projectile defeat. Our proposed system solution involves placement of armor in two locations. A flexible armor appliqu will be positioned on the interior surface of the helicopter's existing outer skin. In addition, the existing helicopter floor will be replaced with a new KaZaK-designed armored composite sandwich deck. By using convenient and available space between layers of the armor system, the overall weight of the protective system can be reduced. As an additional benefit, we expect the Army will see a significant reduction in repair and maintenance cost associated with puncture and impact damage to the thin skins typical of current helicopter cargo decks.

ADVANCED OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
6767 Old Madison Pike, Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
Dr. Stephen Granade
ARMY 05-057      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Helicopter Remote Manipulation of External Slingloads (HERMES)
Abstract:Helicopter operations in low visibility conditions and sling load operations continue to add risk to aviation operations. If slingloads could be picked up without use of a ground crew, lives could be saved. In addition, a sensor that could detect obstacles as well as the load would help in low-visibility conditions. We propose to develop such a system. It will include the mechanical structures necessary for uncrewed operation and automatic electrical grounding of the helicopter, the sensors for locating the loads and surrounding obstacles, and integration in both the helicopter technical systems and the operational procedures for acquiring external loads. In this approach, the ground crew will only set the load in place and ensure that the latching mechanism is properly deployed. Our baseline approach is to modify existing technologies. For the external load hook mechanisms, use a variant of an existing automatic docking system such as Michigan Aerospace's Autonomous Microsatellite Docking System (AMDS). For sensors, use two different sensing technologies. The first locates the load's hook mechanism location with respect to the helicopter's hook. The second scans the surroundings and provide information about altitude and obstacle location. The information is given to the crew through one or more monitors.

STIRLING DYNAMICS, INC.
4030 Lake Washington Blvd NE, Suite 205
Kirkland, WA 98033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 827-7476
Dr. Robert Stirling
ARMY 05-058      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Active Control Inceptors Using Smart Material Motion Control
Abstract:Active force-feedback control inceptors are gaining acceptance for potential future use in new and retrofit Army helicopter programs. Current active inceptor types use electric motors, gearboxes and linkages in a closed loop servo system to provide the necessary feel quality and functionality. These units successfully meet the performance requirements, but are expensive and mechanically complex. Smart materials technology can be applied to the development of simpler, lighter and less expensive active inceptors that can be produced to meet the same space, performance and reliability standards. The research program will investigate the use of smart materials to provide motion control actuation for active inceptors that are suitable for both flightworthy applications and flight simulators. Various issues of design and performance need to be researched before the performance potential is established, and a realistic specification will be developed for an initial prototype demonstrator unit. All smart material types will be considered, including piezoelectric materials and shape memory alloys. Phase I is aimed at establishing basic feasibility of the concept and applying it to a specific active inceptor type selected for this project. Phase II will extend the research into a more detailed evaluation, including manufacture and test of an actual prototype unit.

APS MATERIALS, INC.
4011 Riverside Drive
Dayton, OH 45405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 278-6547
Michael Willson
ARMY 05-059      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Advanced Damping Technologies for Small Turbine Engines
Abstract:Innovative damping methods for small turbine engines are needed by the Army and other military and commercial interests. The plasma sprayed coating process provides a method for successfully achieving the required damping for the newer high efficiency turbine engines that experience high "g " loads between 800 F and 2000 F. Plasma sprayed ceramic coatings have demonstrated significant damping from room temperature to 600 F when impregnated with viscoelastic polymeric materials. The Phase I project will investigate methods of plasma spraying thin (100 to 300 mm thick) metal and/or ceramic damping coatings containing high temperature materials that exhibit viscoelastic properties (VEM) applied to super alloy test plates and simulated airfoils. The plasma spray process will be optimized to achieve maximum damping values while maintaining the required mechanical coating properties, including tensile, shear, and fatigue strength. Other coating properties of interest in the Phase I Option include erosion resistance and "creep" resistance of the VEM. The studies will include the use of high temperature materials with viscoelastic properties for use between 800 F and 2000 F. These VEM materials will be blended or otherwise incorporated with the ceramic plasma spray powder feedstock before plasma spraying in an effort to create unique damping coatings for small turbine engines.

HERMAN ADVANCED ENGINEERING, INC.
4337 Wyandotte Woods Blvd
Dublin, OH 43016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 530-4824
Dr. Herman Shen
ARMY 05-059      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Advanced Damping Technologies for Small Turbine Engines
Abstract:A novel nano-technology will be developed to systematically organize and manipulate stress-induced irreversible movement of the magnetic atom domain walls of a thin magneto-mechanical foil (~0.001 inch) surface bonded on critical turbine engine components (blades, blisks/IBRs and shafts/bearings) for enhancing not only high damping and but also resistance to wear, erosion, fatigue, fracture, and corrosion. The idea is to systematically analyze, and further organize and manipulate the crystal lattice in conjunction with a surface heat treatment for achieving the low internal stresses and maximum domain wall movement for enhancing damping and surface hardness. The proposed efforts include: (1) characterization and identification of magneto-mechanical foils stress/strain dependent nature associated with the damping mechanism and capabilities to resist wear, fatigue, fracture, erosion, & corrosion at various temperature levels, (2) development of testing procedures to characterize the dynamic, fatigue, wear, and fracture properties of bonded specimens and blades, (3) an analytical framework will be developed to assess and reengineer the microstructures of the stress/strain dependent magneto-mechanical foils for enhancing high damping and surface hardness, and (4) several effective bonding procedures/processes, such as electron beam diffusion bonding and adhesive bonding, will be also developed for joining the thin foil to the surfaces of real engine components.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Peter Chen
ARMY 05-061      Awarded: 20NOV05
Title:Structural Integrity Monitoring System
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop and fabricate a wireless, self powered smart sensor system based on an array of piezoelectric materials to measure strain in dynamic components for Army aircraft and helicopters. The main objectives of the Phase I effort are to investigate the feasibility, affordability and applicability of a class of smart sensors and advanced processing that can be: (1) powered by energy harvested from the environment of the sensor, (2) operated wirelessly as part of an open, standards based network, and (3) packaged into an affordable unit for military and commercial applications. In order to avoid the maintenance overhead of post processing the Gigabytes of data that can easily be generated by monitoring systems, our smart sensor concept includes a wireless sensor module that is capable of recording and on-board processing of the collected data to generate key usage parameters sufficient to assess the health of the vehicle.

FLYNN RESEARCH
25409 Timberlake Trail
Greenwood, MO 64034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(816) 537-5306
Mr. Charles Flynn
ARMY 05-062      Awarded: 01NOV05
Title:High Power Density Electric Generator for Army Rotorcraft
Abstract:Parallel Path Magnetic Technology, PPMT, is a breakthrough technology that uses permanent magnets in a novel way resulting in a greatly enhanced electrical power generation system. High efficiencies and power densities are achieved by the utilization of two cooperating commutation systems, electrical and magnetic and two sources of flux electrical and permanent magnet. The electrical flux source is placed in series with the external electrical load and when controlled by the dual commutation system provides a cooperating `motor effect' that results in reduced generator `drag'. The proposed PPMT generator is a brush less hybrid generator with all of the active elements, coils and rare earth permanent magnets mounted on the stator. The rotor, composed of silicon steel, commutates the flux thru the coils in a proper sequence. The second commutation system, either optical or hall sensors, determines which coils supply power to the external load. This commutation system allows for great flexibility in controlling the quantity of the delivered electrical power, thereby reducing the component count in the power regulator. The proposed PPMT generator offers huge advantages over conventional power generation systems as will be demonstrated in the submitted technical proposal.

INNOVATIVE POWER SOLUTIONS, LLC
373 South Street
Eatontown, NJ 07724
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 522-1075
Mr. Scott Jacobs
ARMY 05-062      Awarded: 03NOV05
Title:High Power Density Electric Generator for Army Rotorcraft
Abstract:The US Army helicopter fleet consists of upgraded helicopters that were originally designed in the 70's and 80's. The more electric aircraft philosophy has put a strain on electrical systems, and has exhausted their growth potential. Replacing the generator on an existing engine/gearbox poses a challenge because of weight, overhung moment, and space limits. Therefore, most likely the only solution to these issues is to provide a generator with more power that meets the original requirements. In simpler terms a generator with higher Power Density is desirable. Improved stress, thermal and rotor dynamic software packages allow the designer to optimize the mechanical design and minimize weight with no sacrifice in component integrity. Furthermore, improvements in production equipment make thin walled housings affordable which are significantly lighter than castings with thicker walls due the inherent porosity of the cast material. IPS team members all of whom where AlliedSignal employees were involved in the design and production of both the Longbow Apache and Blackhawk helicopter generators. IPS is currently overhauling the Apache and Blackhawk generators IPS has increased the power of an oil-cooled generator by 57% and designed an air-cooled generator for the P3 aircraft with a 66% increase in power density.

ADVANCED STRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY, INC.
455 N. Jackson Ave.
University City, MO 63130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 878-8327
Mr. William Fujimoto
ARMY 05-063      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:A CAD Tool for Virtual Laser Shock Peening of Rotorcraft Components
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a test-validated CAD tool for performing virtual laser shock peening(LSP) simulations of rotorcraft components. Virtual LSP peening can be used, in conjunction with virtual fatigue testing, to conduct simulations to assess the effects of variations in process parameters, i.e., laser beam power density and size, number of layers, and the overlay pattern, on the durability and damage tolerance of components such as gears and shafts. The foundation for the virtual LSP is a hybrid empirical/analytical process model of laser peening which allows the residual stress and plastic strain distributions throughout a member to be predicted from the process parameters and from the beam overlay pattern. The hybrid empirical/analytical process model combines parametric test data, along with the elastic strain solution for a half-space subjected to blast pressure loading, to synthesize, via the method of strain invariance, an approximate elastoplastic solution to the equations governing the propagation into the material of a shock wave formed by the laser pulse. The process model is computationally efficient, and allows estimates of the residual stress distribution, the part distortion due to the plastic strains, and the crack nucleation and crack growth lives to be obtained by straightforward CAD modeling operations. The CAD tool will also have, in addition to the virtual LSP simulation capability, a virtual shot peening capability, so that hybrid peening schemes involving LSP peening followed by a final layer of LSP peening can be evaluated. The feasibility of using such a tool to shorten the manufacturing process development time for a laser peened gear will be demonstrated and validated via testing in Phase II.

DEFORMATION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY, INC.
7261 Engle Road, Suite 105
Cleveland, OH 44130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 234-8477
Dr. B. Lynn Ferguson
ARMY 05-063      Awarded: 04NOV05
Title:Design Tool for Fatigue Sensitive Steel Rotorcraft Components
Abstract:In modernizing its rotorcraft fleet, the US Army has identified the need to increase the horsepower of existing rotorcraft transmissions without sacrificing component life, and also the need for new transmission designs with higher power density capacity and improved durability. The concept of improving durability without enlarging the current transmission envelop or imposing changes that would require new part qualifications is attractive from standpoints of cost and time savings. The Laser shock peening (LSP) process has this potential. A non-contact method, LSP can improve the fatigue life by achieving high levels of residual compression to significant depths in a part. While LSP is used commercially for other aerospace materials and parts for life improvement, it has not been used on carburized steels. In Phase I, carburized and quench hardened Pyrowearr 53 steel test bars will be treated using LSP to determine the effects of initial stress state of the part and process parameters on residual stress. A finite element process model will be developed and validated to provide the basis of a design tool that can be used to assess potential applications of LSP for transmission components and to predict the level of fatigue life improvement that may be anticipated.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Mr. Duane Cline
ARMY 05-064      Awarded: 11NOV05
Title:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) See-and-Avoid Technology to Allow Unrestricted Operations in Civil and Military Low Altitude Airspace
Abstract:The proliferation of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) designed to perform a wide range of missions in both the military and civilian markets has accelerated dramatically in recent years. Unmanned aircraft are currently limited to operation within predetermined flight corridors to minimize the potential for conflict with other aircraft. Manned and unmanned aircraft operating in civilian airspace below 10,000 feet must be able to detect and avoid other aircraft through active communications or passive observations. Before UAVs can gain unlimited access to uncontrolled civilian airspace, new sensor technologies must be developed to enable the detection and tracking of nearby aircraft under all flight conditions. SARA proposes a passive acoustic sensor system to provide air traffic alerts to the UAV operator. The sensor system builds on proven airborne acoustic sensor technology developed by SARA under Army contracts. Acoustic sensors provide a continuous spherical field of view and are unaffected by clouds, fog or darkness. The system components weigh less than one pound and require less than 5W of power, minimizing payload impacts. SARA will also adapt existing Scout UAV data display software to assess UAV and traffic flight paths to assess the possibility of airspace conflicts and provide the appropriate operator alerts.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Essam Sheta
ARMY 05-065      Awarded: 11NOV05
Title:Wavelet-Based Vorticity Transport Technology for Rotorcraft Flowfield Analysis
Abstract:A hybrid Eulerian vorticity transport/Navier-Stokes methodology is proposed for the accurate prediction of unsteady rotorcraft vortical flow features with particular attention to the efficient transport of rotor wake vorticity to the farfield with minimal dissipation. High-fidelity Navier-Stokes modeling will be used for the capturing of near-body flow features, while a novel, first principles, wavelet-based multiresolution Eulerian vorticity transport model will be developed for use in the near-field, vortex-dominated region and for convecting the shed vorticity into and through the far-field region. These two flow regions will be interfaced in a unique fashion in order to capture propagation of the vorticity, entropy and acoustic waves without unphysical reflections. Wavelet technology is expected to provide an order of magnitude reduction in grid and CPU requirements. In Phase I, the wavelet-based multiresolution Eulerian vorticity transport model will be developed as a stand-alone module, while an efficient interface will be developed between the vorticity transport model and Navier-Stokes code. The feasibility of the proposed technology will be demonstrated by the prediction of three-dimensional vortex shedding relevant to Blade Vortex Interaction (BVI). In Phase II, the vorticity transport and hybrid interface modules will be generalized and integrated into modern and well-used high-fidelity rotor CFD codes and verified and validated on a range of rotorcraft datasets.

CONTINUUM DYNAMICS, INC.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Dr. Glen R. Whitehouse
ARMY 05-065      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Novel Eulerian Vorticity Transport Wake Module for Rotorcraft Flow Analysis
Abstract:Accurate rotorcraft performance prediction is essential to both the design and development of rotorcraft, and also the support of flight testing, establishing of safe flight envelopes and analysis of flight operations. While current Lagrangian- and Eulerian-based analysis tools can, in principle, model the complete rotorcraft, in practice these implementations are severely hampered by accuracy limitations broadly attributed to modeling assumptions (for Lagrangian methods) or numerical deficiencies (e.g. excessive numerical diffusion for Eulerian CFD methods using computationally feasible grid scales). Because of these limitations, commonly used design and analysis tools fail to adequately predict the unsteady 3D wakes and load distributions of new rotor and fuselage designs. What has long been needed is an approach that retains the first-principles physical modeling capability offered by Eulerian schemes with the vortex preservation capabilities and low numerical diffusion generally enjoyed by vortex techniques. Enabled by recently developed breakthrough technologies in Eulerian rotor wake modeling that specifically address the critical numerical diffusion issue, the proposed effort will develop a first-principles based Eulerian vorticity transport wake module that when coupled to suitable CFD tools will provide an unprecedented improvement in capturing the true temporal and spatial unsteadiness of the rotor wake using readily available computational resources.

PERCEPTEK
12395 North Mead Way
Littleton, CO 80125
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 344-1037
Dr. Chris Debrunner
ARMY 05-066      Awarded: 03NOV05
Title:Obstacle Representation Database From Sensor Data
Abstract:PercepTek proposes the development of a software package that will process 3D point data from a range sensors such as LADAR or stereo to produce formats more suitable for navigation algorithms. The approach is based on an octree data structure used by PercepTek on its 3D from Video project. The representation serves as an efficient access mechanism for an extensible set of model primitives ranging in complexity from the input 3D points to planar patches or to more complex structures such as buildings or trees. Because this representation is 3D, it will support 3D planners as well as the 2D and 2.5D planners in common use today. This octree data structure easily handles hierarchical descriptions of the model as well as simplified representations of objects (e.g., bounding boxes) useful for rapid intersection testing. The Phase I effort will include a study of existing planning algorithms to determine their requirements, but will focus on the development of a prototype allowing evaluation of the accuracy, memory requirements, and computational requirements of the modeling process and the query response process. Evaluation will be based on experiments using simulated and real data of the McKenna MOUT site from the ACO data collection.

TECHNO-SCIENCES, INC.
10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 577-6000
Dr. Peter Chen
ARMY 05-067      Awarded: 11NOV05
Title:Dynamic Camber Control for Helicopter Rotor Blades
Abstract:Techno-Sciences, Inc. (TSi), in collaboration with the University of Maryland, and our commercialization partner, Bell Helicopter Textron proposes to develop and prototype an innovative Active Conformal Camber Actuator (ACCA) Technology for improved rotor performance. The ACCA effectively consists of a piezohydraulic pump coupled to hydraulic artificial muscle (HAM) actuators that deform a honeycomb structure covered with a flexible skin. The result is a solid state piezoceramic actuator with both high force and high stroke capability that is ideally suited to the force and stroke requirements for adaptive camber control.

IRVINE SENSORS CORP.
3001 Redhill Avenue, Building #3-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8795
Ms. Rekha Doshi
ARMY 05-068      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:Image Intensifier Compatible Thermal Imaging System
Abstract:The goal of the program is to develop three innovative concepts for easily adding a thermal capability to a presently fielded image intensified system. The three concepts will be modeled, and studied, in terms of cost, weight, power, range performance, human factors and compatibility with existing equipment. A figure of merit will be calculated and the approach with the highest value will be breadboard for testing and evaluation. The analysis and testing results will be evaluated to identify the most cost effective method of optically performing a simplified fusion of the thermal addition with the existing image intensifier imagery for the dismounted soldier.

KOPIN CORP.
200 John Hancock Rd
Taunton, MA 02780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 980-2636
Mr. Antonio Bacarella
ARMY 05-068      Awarded: 29NOV05
Title:Image Intensifier Compatible Thermal Imaging System
Abstract:We will evaluate at least three innovative concepts of upgrading legacy Image Intensified Night Vision Goggle (NVG) systems to optically fused I2T/LWIR systems or Thermally Upgraded Night Vision Goggles (TUNVG). Our focus will be to maximize the use of deployed hardware while integrating the thermal capability in a way which best satisfies the need of the war-fighter. A key goal in our effort will be to identify a solution which is not simply technically feasible, but is producible and can be deployed in volume rapidly and at a low cost. Each concept for retrofitting the units will be evaluated on paper based upon their individual merits. The evaluation criteria will consist of key system drivers such as cost, weight, power, fields of view, range characteristics of each sensor individually as well as overlaid (combined). We will also evaluate the logistics associated with retrofit of fielded systems, ease of reconfiguration, spares, maintainability and reliability. We will select at least one concept to be built and evaluated against key performance parameters (KPPs). We propose to prototype our concepts for upgrading NVGs using the PVS-14 monocular NVG as the experimental platform.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Mr. Pavel Shevchenko
ARMY 05-069      Selected for Award
Title:Digital Interface between Multigigahertz Transceivers and Room Temperature Electronics
Abstract:HYPRES proposes to develop Multigigahertz Digital Interface between high-frequency low-power superconductor electronics such as receivers and transceivers and high-power low-frequency room-temperature electronics. It will be used in the new architecture of deserialized Digital-RF Receivers combining an extremely sensitive, ultra-linear quantizer, sampled by a low-jitter, ultra-fast clock with high-speed digital interface and low-cost room temperature electronics.

MZEAL COMMUNICATIONS
48 Cannonball Road
Sharon, MA 02067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 223-1524
Dr. Rajini Anachi
ARMY 05-070      Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Bandwidth Service (ABS)
Abstract:The purpose of this proposal is to research the feasibility of and describe the architecture for an Adaptive Bandwidth Service. The Adaptive Bandwidth Service (ABS) is an application level, network-monitoring and adaptation service envisioned for deployment in the NCES framework that facilitates network awareness on the part of heterogeneous applications. Use of this service is intended to provide a means for applications to adjust dynamically to fluctuating network conditions, increasing or decreasing bandwidth usage as the current network status dictates. This provides the dual benefit of enhancing the overall health of the network, while at the same time giving the application a means to "gracefully degrade" in the face of a challenging network environment.

INFORMATION EXTRACTION & TRANSPORT, INC.
1911 N. Ft. Myer Drive, Suite 600
Arlington, VA 22209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 752-7473
Dr. Francis Fung
ARMY 05-071      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:Command and Control (C2) Database Translation Application
Abstract:Situation awareness in network-centric warfare requires the ability to access information stored in a variety of different formats. Hence, the Army requires tools to facilitate the translation and alignment of information so that it can be transmitted between locations and understood, and so that it can be queried, displayed, and transmitted quickly and accurately to users at a variety of levels in the form that is of most use to To address this challenge, IET propose the Quik-Speak system, an online data translation utility. This portable, self-contained tool will provide a unified environment for performing translations of data between databases by supplying:  An ontology discovery tool to auto-sense disparate database structures from database schemas.  An ontology mapping learner to automatically construct candidate ontology mappings between these discovered ontologies.  A data translation generator that uses a glossary-rich foundational data schema to construct translation between different formats, measurement standards, and representational granularity levels.  A graphical tool utilizing advanced concepts in graphical representation of ontology mappings specifying, selecting, and refining ontology alignment and data translations.

INFINIA CORP.
6811 West Okanogan Place
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 735-4700
Dr. SONGGANG QIU
ARMY 05-072      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Tactical 2 kW Stirling Power Sources for Cogeneration Applications
Abstract:The U.S. military, in transitioning to a more mobile and networked Future Force, has increasing needs for small, quiet, lightweight, reliable power systems to supply energy for a variety of mission needs in the silent watch category. Currently employed Tactical Quiet Generator (TQG) sets mounted on trailers are heavy and require large footprints. A typical 10 kW generator expends a majority (60%) of its electrical capacity providing power for environmental systems, primarily, heating and cooling. By employing a cogeneration strategy, overall system size and weight can be greatly reduced. Infinia Corporation proposes to develop a 2.5 kW free-piston Stirling Tactical Cogeneration System (STaCS) to provide combined heat and power (CHP) quietly and reliably from logistics fuel.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5819
Mr. Allan Chertok
ARMY 05-072      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Tactical 2 KW Stirling Power Sources for Co-Generation Applications
Abstract:The Army Communications and Electronics Command (CECOM) is seeking smaller and lighter apparatus to meet the electric power and heating/cooling needs of vehicle mounted shelters. To reduce present system weight CECOM is exploring the feasibility of an external combustion Stirling engine powered generator to provide mission electrical power and capturing combustor and engine reject heat for shelter heating and thermally activated cooling. The goals of solicitation A05-072 are closely aligned with the capabilities of a TIAX Free Piston Stirling Engine power plant with integral linear alternators, power converter and digital control system-the TIAX "Micro-Power" system. The Micro-Power system is a quiet, robust, multi-fuel-capable engine-generator. Micro-Power prototypes support on-going product development activities at TIAX one of which is CECOM-sponsored investigation of JP-8 fired combustor technology to be tested with a 600 W Micro-Power system. The proposed Phase I program will scale the 600 W engine-generator and developmental JP-8 combustor to 2,000 W and will investigate means to capture and transport combustor and engine reject heat to drive TOC heating and thermally activated cooling apparatus. A proof-of-concept 2,000 W generator set incorporating reject heat capture capabilities developed in Phase I will be designed, fabricated and tested in a Phase II program.

ISX CORP.
760 Paseo Camarillo, Ste. 401
Camarillo, CA 93010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 581-2000
Mr. Mike Kopack
ARMY 05-073      Selected for Award
Title:Command & Control Tools For Air/Ground Unmanned System Collaboration
Abstract:Unmanned system teams are quickly becoming a major player on the modern battlefield. As these systems become more prevalent and the control ratio of controllers to systems reverses to allow a single controller to operate multiple units, effective command and control systems become a paramount concern. To effectively control these systems, techniques for teaming unmanned systems to solve a problem, mechanisms to allow those units to understand the wishes and needs of the controller, and methods of communicating the status of the team to the controller must be devised. There has been a swell of research in the area of teaming and problem solving, but limited experience in heterogeneous systems, and less still in how to allow a single user to communicate effectively with that team to solve a problem. In the ACCAST system (Advanced Command and Control of Autonomous System Teams) project, ISX and it's partner CMU, will investigate potential solutions to this command and control problem, develop a series of metrics for evaluating various C&C techniques, and produce a trade study document outlining our findings and proposing the best solutions to the problem. This information will provide the US Army with a roadmap of how to proceed with integration of teamed unmanned systems command and control in future systems such as FCS.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Mark R. Meloon
ARMY 05-073      Selected for Award
Title:Graphical Techniques for Cooperative Control of Unmanned Assets
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to research and analyze innovative technologies for the dynamic management of Unmanned Air and Ground Vehicles (UAVs, UGVs) and Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) with an emphasis on achieving synergy and collaboration between the assets. Algorithms for the effective use of dynamic Bayesian networks and decision theory for performing data fusion and inference in military scenarios will be researched. These graphical techniques allow for human oversight of the reasoning process. Several methods of constructing candidate routes for UAVs and UGVs to follow will be investigated and analyzed for their suitability in military intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions. Algorithms for allocating unmanned assets to destinations will be judged on their ability to perform effective pairings with an acceptable computational cost. We will implement the most suitable approach in our software testbed SLAMEMT and demonstrate the feasibility of the resulting system for performing ISR on an example military mission. In Phase II, we would continue to develop prototype software featuring these algorithms, address issues specific to decentralized control, and characterize the performance against a variety of scenarios requiring cooperation between the assets.

GESTALT, LLC
1040 First Avenue, Suite 302
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(856) 614-5447
Mr. Robert Pollack
ARMY 05-074      Selected for Award
Title:Network-Aware Intelligent Overlay Network
Abstract:The commercial web services deployment model is simply not suitable for service-based architectures (SBAs) in a tactical environment. In a commercial SBA, service providers are stable and offer near-100% availability. Moreover, their access points (URLs) do not change. In a tactical military environment, however, services are short-lived and their access points change frequently. Consider, for example, the properties that a video feed from an unmanned aircraft would have if it were implemented as a web service. One solution is to create a service broker that is responsible for tracking the location and availability of service providers. The feasibility of such a broker has been demonstrated in a J2EE environment, but the emerging Service Logic Execution Environment (SLEE) standard may offer an even better solution. This effort will study the feasibility of implementing a brokered service deployment framework in a SLEE container. It will address issues such as avoiding single points of failure and selecting services by real-time context (such as an aircraft's location). Finally, this effort will create a working prototype of such a framework and test it at a major exercise.

MAK TECHNOLOGIES
10 Fawcett Street
Cambridge, MA 02318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 876-8085
Mr. Russell Lane
ARMY 05-074      Awarded: 06DEC05
Title:Intelligent Service Coordination for Tactical, Net-centric Environments
Abstract:MAK Technologies will develop publish-subscribe, distributed object middleware to support network-centric operations over tactical networks.

ALTEX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8303
Dr. Mehdi Namazian
ARMY 05-075      Selected for Award
Title:JP-8 Fueled Low Temperature Pre-Reformer and SOFC System (LTPR-SOFC) For Portable Applications
Abstract:Low temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) operating on JP-8 and other distillate fuels are the ideal power sources for all applications, especially for portable power applications. By operating at lower temperature (400-600 C) these systems have faster response, quicker startup, better longevity, less heat loss, lower thermal signature, higher system efficiency and lower cost. Altex and Evogy have teamed up to develop the portable Low Temperature Pre-Reformer and SOFC (LTPR-SOFC) that can efficiently and reliably operate on JP-8 fuel. LTPR-SOFC combines the Altex's proven distillate fuel pre-reforming technology that operates at or around 550 C with Evogy's proven low temperature SOFC technology, which also operates at or around 550 C, to reliably convert JP-8 to power. By matching the prereforming and SOFC temperatures operation, the system design is simplified and the heat loss is minimized. Also by operating at 550 C, the interconnect lifetime in improved, the system startup time is reduced and the system thermal degradation is minimized, thus enhancing the system reliability and longevity. Under the Phase I, a 1 kWe LTPR-SOFC will be designed and a subscale unit will be fabricated and tested on JP-8. These activities will provide the basis for developing, fabricating, demonstrating and delivering a 1 kWe LTPR-SOFC to the Army under Phase II.

FUNCTIONAL COATING TECHNOLOGY, LLC.
1801 Maple Ave. suite 5320
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 467-5376
Dr. Ilwon Kim
ARMY 05-075      Selected for Award
Title:High Performance, Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Generators Utilizing a Novel Logistic Fuel Internal Reforming Stack Design
Abstract:The proposed project is based on two recent exciting innovations: the direct operation of low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) by direct internal reforming of liquid hydrocarbon fuels, and a novel mechanically-robust stack design that is ideally suited for small-scale (1kW) generators. The aims of the Phase I project are to demonstrate the combination of these innovations by fabricating and testing stacks with logistic fuel, and to design a generator system based on these stack elements. The Phase I work will begin with Y-stabilized zirconia electrolyte cells, but will transition to Sc-stabilized zirconia electrolytes in order to allow reduced operating temperature. The proposed stack design provides an ideal basis for a robust kW-scale generator. The segmented-in-series cells are deposited on both sides of an insulating flattened-tube support. The tubular geometry combined with a high toughness ceramic support material, partially stabilized zirconia, provides stack elements with significantly higher mechanical strength than conventional planar SOFCs. Furthermore, it avoid significant issues with sealing and interconnection in planar designs. The stack and system design will utilize pre-Phase I and Phase I stack test results combined with state-of-the-art chemical and mass transport kinetic models. These will allow us to make key design choices along with quantifying desired system parameters, e.g. inlet and outlet temperatures, heat exchanger requirements, air cooling requirements, etc. This work will be extended in Phase II, and combined with sulfur removal from liquid hydrocarbons, new catalyst materials, new lower-temperature cell materials, and stack/system modelling to produce a prototype kW-scale solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack that is ideally suited for Army applications as well as a number of commercial applications.

ENERGY CONCEPTS CO., LLC
627 Ridgely Ave.
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 266-6521
Mr. Donald C. Erickson
ARMY 05-076      Selected for Award
Title:Mobile Heat Actuated Air Conditioning and Heating Unit
Abstract:As DoD develops more complex weapons, electronics and computer platforms there is an increasing demand for both power and cooling. This highlights the urgent need for innovative designs in environmental control and electric generation. Electric generation releases waste heat. Heat-activated absorption cycles can convert exhaust heat to useful cooling. This ability gains added significance in mobile applications, in view of all the system level costs of generating motive power for electric powered chillers. This proposal focuses on the DoD requirements for mobile air conditioning, but with a clear vision of the importance to many private sector applications, such as bus air conditioning, refrigerated trucks, and refrigerated boats and ships. This Phase I effort will provide a preliminary design of a 1.5 ton environmental control unit (ECU) which can be powered by field generator exhaust. The focus is on achieving the high level of compactness and light weight appropriate for a mobile application. One critical component ?the absorber/AHX ?will be actually fabricated and tested. This work is in preparation for prototyping and testing the complete ECU in phase II. This project will demonstrate the compactness and economy achievable from a modest extrapolation from the current state-of-the-art in aqua ammonia absorption cycles.

NOREGON SYSTEMS, INC.
500 Shepherd St. Ste 300
Winston-Salem, NC 27103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 768-4337
Mr. Lee Lackey
ARMY 05-077      Selected for Award
Title:Diagnostic / Prognostic System for Tactical Power Sources
Abstract:Maintenance on Army Tactical Power Systems (TPS's) is currently performed at regular intervals regardless of actual usage or operating conditions - wasting resources servicing systems that do not need maintenance, and missing opportunities to prevent catastrophic failures. The Army seeks to 1) improve maintenance efficiency and effectiveness by servicing systems based on actual usage and 2) implement a diagnostics and prognostics (D&P) system that will continuously monitor system health, allowing the Army to predict and prevent system failures. Noregon will use COTS technology to develop the requirements for a Realtime System Monitor, which reads parameters and operating information from the TPS, indicates System Readiness, and alerts the operator to Preventive Maintenance needs; and for the Offboard System Diagnostics PC application, which provides more detailed D&P information and data retention, aggregation, and reporting. This system will increase TPS reliability, affordability, survivability, and operational safety while reducing the maintenance ratio. Noregon will leverage its 12+ years experience in heavy-duty vehicle engine D&P and embedded systems, and its existing diagnostics PC application framework. Because commercial power generation systems are very similar to TPS's, Noregon expects this solution will be directly applicable to the commercial market, which is growing at 8% annually starting in 2005.

GLOBAL INFOTEK, INC.
1920 Association Drive, Suite 200
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 652-1600
Mr. Tedd W Gimber
ARMY 05-078      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Intelligent Agent Research
Abstract:Today, large amounts of critical information, scattered around the battlespace, cannot be located and processed fast enough for timely decision making. The result is poor situational awareness because commanders lack the facts they need. Intelligent software agents are now being developed that will collect, appraise, and deliver pertinent information to the right component at the right time. Yet these agents lack a common framework to interoperate in battlefield applications. The challenge is to research a common framework that permits legacy, current, and future agents to function together at the tactical battle command level, communicating across a variety of networks, to provide information to decision makers in real time. GITI will research the variety of currently available agent technologies and frameworks. We will determine their strengths and weaknesses and document the requirements of a common agent development environment. We will use those requirements with our extensive experience in agent technology to design an Agent Factory. This Factory will allow non-engineers to create agents that will interoperate with each other, other agent frameworks, and legacy systems. This will allow tactical personnel to tailor agents to react quickly to changing situations such as hostile threats, movement of coalition forces, or modified operation plans.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5229
Dr. Eric van Doorn
ARMY 05-079      Selected for Award
Title:Covert Through Wall Sensing with MEMS Radios
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), proposes through the wall sensing system consisting of a network of expendable local area MEMS sensors. The key innovation of our work is detection of persons moving behind walls or inside buildings using the RF communication link itself. IAI has effectively tested narrowband MEMS radios networks for intrusion detection nets that offers the following key innovation factors for a covert through-the wall-sensing-system: (1) sense through the wall, movements of human a intruder behind the wall (2) distinguish intruders movements from objects far away (2) distinguish fluctuations due to vehicular intruders, cell phones and other transmitters. (3) covertness and less sensitiveness to jamming (4) real time "distributed Intelligence" that distinguishes and reports position, velocity, direction of the moving object and resolve simultaneous detection of more than one moving intruder advancing in different directions and (5) dynamic Power management that reduces at least 50% memory usage.

OCEANIT LABORATORIES, INC.
1001 Bishop Street, ASB Tower, Suite 2970
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Dr. Ken Cheung
ARMY 05-079      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:MEMS Technology for Sense Through the Wall Applications
Abstract:The Army has developed systems for Sense-Through-The-Wall (STTW) intelligence collection, and while they are effective in many scenarios, these current technologies have capability shortcomings and characteristics that limit their usefulness in many applications. These shortcomings include encumbrance (oversized or heavy unit) and lack of portability, required man in-the-loop, and the inability to sense stationary targets. This research effort will leverage MEMS fabrication techniques, radio-frequency integrated circuit (RFIC) miniaturization methods, and Oceanit's expertise in Doppler radar sensing to develop smaller-than-handheld radar devices in adaptable, remotely operated, networked configurations that can be used to collect intelligence through walls in a variety of situations.

OCEANIT LABORATORIES, INC.
1001 Bishop Street, ASB Tower, Suite 2970
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 338-9000
Dr. Basil Scott
ARMY 05-080      Awarded: 15NOV05
Title:Hostile Fire Indicator (HFI)
Abstract:In response to Army topic A052-080-1968, Oceanit Laboratories proposes the Hostile Fire Detection System (HFDS), which will detect attacks from close range weapons and locate enemy combatants. HFDS will utilize optical sensing techniques that combine temporal metrics with spectral intensity. A high-speed optical sensor enables rapid detection of events, including gunshot muzzle flash and distinguishes real weapons fire from false signals such as sun glint. HFDS is configurable and consists of two Line Replaceable Units (LRUs): Optical Sensor Modules (OSMs) and the Electronic Control Unit (ECU). The OSMs will be custom designed, while the ECU will utilize a commercial-off-the-shelf/non-developmental item (COTS/NDI) design approach. The system will detect hostile events in 1/10th second and locate enemy combatants in 1 second or less. The research and development will be based on successful Air Force and Missile Defense Agency programs. Phase I will demonstrate feasibility. Phase II will develop a prototype for testing. When fully developed, the system will support a range of Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection requirements including protection of troops in hostile and non-hostile areas and protection of official US facilities such as embassies. The system could also provide Homeland Security protection for commercial airports and ports.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd, Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 268-1249
Mr. Allan Corbeil
ARMY 05-081      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Anomaly Detection in Ground Moving Target Indicating (GMTI) Radar
Abstract:UAV-based GMTI radar offers the capability to detect anomalous vehicle and personnel activity in real-time to cue narrow field of view EO/IR sensors for identifying enemy targets in the presence of normal vehicle and foot traffic. Data mining is the process of extracting useful information from large complex data sets, and is ideal for application to GMTI. TSC proposes to significantly enhance our existing GMTI Data Mining techniques, which have been successfully applied to detect convoys in dense background traffic in a classified Joint STARS GMTI database from Operation Iraqi Freedom. In Phase 1, TSC will develop innovative temporal, spatial and hybrid data mining techniques to analyze traffic patterns and detect suspicious vehicle behavior in challenging UAV surveillance scenarios of interest to the Army. We will employ extensive in-house target and background models and GMTI simulation tools to evaluate the feasibility of these algorithms on simulated data that is representative of near-term UAV systems. In Phase 2, TSC will refine the most promising techniques and develop a software architecture that will be utilized to fully test the algorithms on both simulated and collected GMTI data. TSC will also investigate methods to detect anomalous activities of personnel using GMTI measurements.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5001
Dr. David Lee
ARMY 05-082      Selected for Award
Title:Battle Damage Assessment Information Fusion
Abstract:The operational commander must interpret large amounts of real-time, imperfect data from multiple heterogeneous sources in order to perform Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). The challenge is to develop a semi-automated BDA system that will provide the commander with accurate, relevant and timely information allowing him/her to focus on the relevant usable action-oriented knowledge extracted from the incoming data stream. The goal of this research is to address this challenge by building on the JDL data fusion model. This innovative BDA software prototype will incorporate a suite of intelligent agents capable of performing natural language processing, ontological processing, and data mining. Our goals will be realized through two major activities: (1) researching and adapting known and novel data fusion methodologies, and (2) developing a collaborative intelligent agent BDA (IABDA) software prototype that implements the DNN architecture to control data fusion. The IABDA software will support the operational commanders in monitoring and estimating the complete battle damage picture, supplementing their creative and cognitive abilities with automated techniques. Ultimately, this will approach will lead to improved efficiency and operational effectiveness.

APPLIED EM, INC.
24 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
Dr. C. J. Reddy
ARMY 05-083      Awarded: 15NOV05
Title:Modeling the Effect of Aircraft Rotor Blades on Airborne Direction Finding (DF) Systems
Abstract:Direction Finding (DF) systems on rotorcrafts vehicles and more specifically rotorcraft UAVs suffer from effects on rotorcraft blade modulations. Only coarse DF on rotorcraft has been achieved during the EH-60 QuickFix program. During this effort, Applied EM is proposing to develop very accurate modeling tools to predict performance of DF systems on rotorcrafts. DF arrays are normally designed without accounting for platform effects. When mounted on a UAV, the operation of the direction-finding array is greatly affected by interactions of the antenna elements with the UAV structure. For a fixed wing UAV, these effects are mitigated by calibrating the DF array with the UAV structure. But for a rotorcraft UAV they cannot be implemented due to the inherent dynamic conditions associated with the rotating blades. Our major contribution to the current technology will be the development of cohesive modeling tools to simulate the effect of rotating blades on DF system, and to recommend mitigation techniques that concurrently address low size, weight and power (SWaP) requirements.

DIGITAL RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
20250 Century Blvd, Suite 300
Germantown, MD 20874
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 916-5554
Mr. Joel Martin
ARMY 05-084      Awarded: 15NOV05
Title:Handheld Software Defined Radio Platform for Force Protection Operations
Abstract:DRT will perform an investigation to identify a feasible design approach for a handheld tactical threat warning radio through the use of reconfigurable software radio techniques. Design aspects for the RF, digital, and power supply elements will undergo careful study in orer to identify suitable technology that will minimize size, weight, and power consumpion. The aspects of mechanical design will be studied to find innovative ways for reliable and durable packaging of a mixed-signal product, as well as techniques for thermal management and ergonomic concerns. The system software architecture will be closely examined to identify the required functionality for both the requirements of processing needed for a threat warning radio application, Finally, DRT plans to use the findings of this study to establish the development baseline if DRT is selected to receive the Phase II award.

OPCOAST LLC
2530 Hooper Ave
Brick, NJ 08723
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 598-5342
Dr. David Rhodes
ARMY 05-085      Awarded: 14DEC05
Title:Sensor / Network Electronic Attack Kit (S/NEAK)
Abstract:The proposed effort will focus on the disruption of networks versus particular communications links using powerful optimization and co-design approaches. A technique for assigning target value metrics will be developed an applied to `best effort' extractions of adversary network topologies proposed in this work. Adversary network usage denial is conducted in conjunction with goals that reflect minimization of adverse impact to friendly and neutral communications and networks. By adjusting objective functions, we expect the core underlying algorithms and techniques to also apply to friendly communications planning as well as enemy jamming. All planning will account for location and jammer costs in terms of mobility and availability and resource contention.

Q-TRACK CORP.
515 Sparkman Drive
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-0075
Dr. Hans G. Schantz
ARMY 05-086      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Multi-Mode Combat ID
Abstract:Q-Track Corporation (Q-Track) will design and explore the feasibility of a Location Aware Combat ID (LACID) system using a recent wireless breakthrough known as Near Field Electromagnetic Ranging (NFERT) to provide situational awareness of friendly dismounted soldiers and vehicle platforms. The NFER-enabled LACID system will operate in complicated non-line-of-sight environments such as those encountered during military operations in urban terrain (MOUT). The NFER-enabled LACID System will operate within the constraints of the battlefield environment, including challenges of radio signal propagation, Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), line of sight occlusion, multipath, extreme heat and cold, and physical contact. Additionally, a study will be made to examine if production engineering is likely to craft a NFER-enabled LACID tag that would be acceptable to the Army in terms of size, weight, range, and battery life. As part of the Phase I effort, Team member SAIC will prepare a CONOPS for the NFER-enabled LACID system to assure that the design is realistic from an operational perspective.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Marvin G. Niimura
ARMY 05-087      Selected for Award
Title:Terahertz Spectroscopic Radar Mobile System for Detection of Concealed Explosives
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for new techniques for detecting concealed explosives, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes a new 100 m standoff Terahertz Spectroscopic Radar (TSR) which uses terahertz (THz) molecular spectroscopy to detect the unique THz absorption wavelength signature of an explosive's outgassed material. This design exhibits the most decisive identification pattern of explosives, whose molecular vibration modes lie in the THz region. To detect these specific explosive identifiers, TSR's innovative design analyzes the retroreflected THz signals from targets rather than the transmitted THz signals common to the conventional spectroscopy performed inside a laboratory. The TSR design combines a wideband (1-20 THz) transmitter and a receiver spectrometer, built on a mobile station. Using a high-quality submillimeter wave radar to send high rep-rate (~100 MHz) THz probing pulses, we can identify not only the explosive but also the location of the target with spatial resolution better than 0.03 mm since our radar pulsewidth is faster than 100 femtosecond (fs). The average power of our source is exceptionally high (~100 W) compared with any other THz sources. In Phase I we will build a preliminary TSR prototype, while Phase II will focus on a full engineering prototype.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd, Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 261-3508
Mr. Alan Pieramico
ARMY 05-088      Selected for Award
Title:Automated Feature/Anomaly Extraction from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Coherent Change Detection (CCD) Imagery
Abstract:SAR imaging is a key capability for Army programs such as Future Combat Systems and Aerial Common Sensor. Coherent change detection (CCD) is a powerful technique to examine large SAR images and identify areas where enemy activities have occurred. However, continual changes occur in populated regions making it necessary to differentiate military and civilian activities. To address this challenge, TSC will a develop a suite of innovative real-time algorithms that can segment the terrain into homogeneous regions, identify areas in which changes have occurred, extract features such as straight line and curved vehicle tracks, classify vehicles based on the track separation, detect foot traffic, locate areas that have been used for military activity (e.g. resupply, bivouac) and locate areas being prepared for military use (e.g. revetments, launch sites). A key feature of TSC's approach is to use not only a CCD image, but also the multiple reference images that are provided by persistent surveillance. The CCD imagery will be differenced to remove areas of low correlation, eliminate persistent false alarms, and detect soil subsidence. Another key feature of TSC's approach is establishing normalcy models to help differentiate routine and anomalous activities.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Kenan O. Ezal
ARMY 05-089      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:A Miniature Ultra-Tightly Coupled Software-Defined Navigation (SDN) System with Direction-Finding, Attitude-Determination and Anti-Jam GPS
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a miniature ultra-tightly coupled software-defined navigation (SDN) system that can provide anti-jam (AJ) GPS capability and attitude measurements independent of an inertial measurement unit (IMU). Using a single-aperture 4-cm antenna, the system will provide angle-of-arrival (AoA) measurements for GPS jammers as well as signals outside the GPS band. These AoA measurements can assist emitter localization algorithms that use time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) and frequency-difference-of-arrival (FDOA) methods, and can be used for threat identification and elimination. The SDN system will also accept a variety of IMU measurements for optimum AJ GPS and ultra-tightly coupled GPS/inertial navigation system (INS) performance. These may include low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), magnetic compass, magnetometer, altimeter, time-of-arrival (TOA) inputs, and electro-optical (EO)/infrared (IR) sensors. The drift-free GPS-based attitude estimates will augment measurements obtained by low-cost MEMS gyros with large rate biases, thereby improving the overall system performance. Moreover, Toyon has teamed with Analytical Graphics, Inc. (AGI), the developer of the industry standard Navigation Tool Kit (NTK) and Satellite Tool Kit (STK) software to analyze and verify the accuracy of the SDN system and sensor mixture specifically for TDOA and FDOA precision geolocation applications. Furthermore, the SDN module will be developed as open-source software.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5278
Dr. Xianyang Zhu
ARMY 05-090      Awarded: 21NOV05
Title:Innovative and Efficient Design of Directional Ultra Wideband Antennas for UAV Applications
Abstract:UAVs are widely used for both military and civilian applications for their low cost and flexibility. However, conventional antenna design options are incompatible with the size, weight, power, required RF performance, and flight characteristics of UAVs. On the other hand, the antenna performance can be improved considerably with the integration of the airframe geometries. The key to efficient design such antenna for UAVs is to find a powerful electromagnetic simulation method that can handle complicated structures and an efficient optimization algorithm. A combination of parallel Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) and genetic algorithm (GA) will be employed for this Phase I program. FDTD is most suitable for simulation of arbitrary shaped homogeneous or inhomogeneous targets, while GA can provide global optimum in a relatively short time. A cavity backed antenna integrated with the airframe geometries will be designed, and the shape, substrate distribution, and the position of the antenna will be optimized.

ADELPHI TECHNOLOGY, INC.
981-B Industrial Road
San Carlos, CA 94070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 598-9800
Dr. Jay Theodore Cremer
ARMY 05-091      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Detection of Improvised Explosive Devices
Abstract:The proposed research will demonstrate the technical feasibility of fabricating an effective screening system that will detect explosive materials. The system will be single-sided exposure and detection scheme permitting standoff distances of 1 meter or more. The system will consist of a new, high-intensity, portable neutron source that exposes the subject article and a detector that analyzes the fluorescence ^-rays that are emitted. The determination of the explosives will be done with a resonant-response element-rich detector that will offer heightened sensitivity to characteristic x-ray emission particular to each element of the explosives. A determination is made whether an explosive is present based on the concentrations of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon and other elements in the suspect space. To increase the speed of detection and maximize the standoff distance, a powerful neutron source will be developed that can be made both portable and rugged. The potential for successful development of the prototype system is very high because of our institutional partners prior fabrication and testing of neutron generators and our, and others, prior research in the development of resonance detector systems.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Michael Gertsenshteyn
ARMY 05-091      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Focusing X-ray Inspection System
Abstract:To meet the U.S. Army need for a device to confirm the presence of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Focusing X-ray Inspection (FOCXI) system based on POC's X-ray focusing optics, two COTS X-ray generators and an image processing module. FOCXI can focus below ground or behind walls and combine 2D images into a 3D image to discriminate IEDs from similar objects/cluttered background in real time. The proposed FOCXI system images IEDs and other hidden objects by means of Compton backscattering, operating in the X-ray energy range from 60 to 120 keV. The FOCXI system will have high resolution and a high signal-to-noise ratio because of its true focusing capabilities and its two X-ray sources. In Phase I POC will assemble a proof-of-concept prototype FOCXI system from X-ray focusing optics available at POC plus commercial off-the-shelf parts. In Phase II a preproduction FOCXI system will be fabricated and tested.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Jack Salerno
ARMY 05-092      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Nano-Enabled Sampling for SERS-Based Trace Explosive Detection
Abstract:We propose a new Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering sampling chip and cell design of permeable/porous polymer matrix embedded with multi-layered gold nano-particles. The approach leverages the leading-edge micro-optical component development and manufacture at Agiltron and extensive experience in nano-material engineering within the research group headed by Prof. Vladimire V. Tsukruk at Iowa State University. Our novel sampling chips feature high detection sensitivity, fast data collection, and reproducibility that are not yet attainable. The proposed sampling cell can be designed to be compatible with commercial Raman probe, enabling much higher detection speed and sensitivity than those of the state of the art Raman detection, making portable Raman trace detection of explosives a reality. This proposed Raman system is extraordinarily well suited for trace detection of explosives, and other chemical and biological agents, toxic species, and biological species as well. This Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach.

SOUTHWEST SCIENCES, INC.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 984-1322
Dr. Steve Massick
ARMY 05-092      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Pulsed Electrospray Ionization Hadamard Transform Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Abstract:The Phase I research will investigate the use of a piezoelectric pulsed electrospray ionization source (ESI) to implement Hadamard Transform (HT) signal multiplexing of ion mobility (IMS) instruments. The signal multiplexing advantage of the Hadamard transform method offers 50% instrument duty cycles and the pulsed ESI source enables up to 100% sample utilization. The performance improvements will be evaluated for trace explosive vapor analysis.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5268
Dr. Priya Ranjan
ARMY 05-093      Awarded: 05NOV05
Title:Computing a Semantic View of a Scene for Surveillance from Stereo and Discreet LIDAR
Abstract:We propose an innovative semantic approach to surveillance that combines the relative strengths and weaknesses of the passive 2D (single camera), passive 3D (stereo), and active 3D (LIDAR) sensing technologies to optimize performance. Our technology uses the high accuracy of LIDAR selectively to complement a passive stereo system when the cost in computation, energy consumption, and risk of exposure can be outweighed by a significant improvement in the performance of a system operating in purely passive mode. In this combined mode of operation, the active sensor would be used only infrequently and only in a very small area, permitting a relatively fast scan of the selected area with lower risk of exposure and lower computational burden. We illustrate a scenario where a (passive) stereo vision system and an (active) LIDAR system cooperate to render a semantic view of the activities that occur in a busy street intersection with individual pedestrians and vehicles represented by icons, and labeled with markers that describe their trajectories and activities. To maximize stealth, the LIDAR is only used rarely and on small parts of the scene when a probabilistic analysis shows the benefits of the requested active sensing outweighing the expense and risk of exposure.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-7130
Dr. Igor Ternovskiy
ARMY 05-094      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:Parametric Singularity Fusion Algorithm
Abstract:The Army is seeking the development of an innovative image-based fusion and target detection algorithm that can collate incomplete information from multiple and disparate sensors. Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop a differential mapping method that is based on a Parametric Singularity Fusion (PSF) algorithm. The PSF technology derives from IOS' proprietary developments in combined image modeling and fusion. The proposed PSF technology will use an optimal nonlinear filtering approach to implement camera position invariant primitives as building blocks in a 3-D modeling and fusion system that will quickly and accurately sense and understand objects and features in a complex environment. In Phase I, IOS will: 1) provide proof of feasibility and develop the PSF algorithm to represent the target images as a photometric polynomial model; 2) initiate development of key 3-D concepts and relationships; and 3) provide the conceptual 3-D topology multi-level fusion and algorithms. In Phase II, IOS will demonstrate verifiable prototype software.

DIGIVISION, INC.
9295 Farnham Street
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 571-4700
Dr. Rick Hier
ARMY 05-095      Selected for Award
Title:A Single-Chip, Zero-Latency, Deblurring Anisoplanaticism Corrector for Army Video Applications
Abstract:We propose to develop a single-chip, zero-latency, video processor that (1) stabilizes the image and removes anisoplanaticism effects, (2) simultaneously removes blur caused by higher-order seeing effects and increases resolution by typically 1.5-2 times, (3) uses spatially adaptive smoothing to reduce noise in a single frame by up to 6 times, (4) uses spatially adaptive contrast enhancement to reveal details hidden in glare and shadow, increasing local contrast by up to 8 times, and (5) uses adaptive temporal averaging to increase SNR and separate true motion from seeing caused motion. This project will benefit from past and concurrent projects that have already solved many of the most challenging aspects of building the proposed hardware, and have produced products that our company already sells to perform functions 2, 3, and 4 above. Thus the proposed program is of unusually low risk and benefits from tremendous synergy with past and ongoing projects. Consequently we have great confidence that this project will provide the Army with a nearly complete solution to their need to cut through turbulent seeing, and provide a compact, low-power, "drop-in" video post-processing chip suitable for use in a variety of vision systems.

OPTICAL ALCHEMY, INC.
8 Clock Tower Place, Suite 140
Maynard, MA 01754
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 823-0095
Ms. Jennifer Richardson
ARMY 05-096      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, Light Weight IR Optical Materials
Abstract:Optical Alchemy has invested internal research and development resources to conceive and initially reduce to practice an approach to making moldable infrared optics based on using an engineered composite material. This material may be molded from relatively inexpensive materials with mass production processes such as injection molding and variants thereof. The technology for the optical element comprises a multi-part moldable material in which one part is selected to have a relatively low absorption of radiation in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Other parts are selected to have a relatively high transmissivity in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The combination of the parts results in optimized optical performance. An optical element comprised of this composite material can be formed to provide whatever surface contours are needed to achieve the desired optical properties.

SILICON PHOTONICS GROUP
1489 S. Dove St.
Gilbert, AZ 85233
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 235-4546
Dr. John Tolle
ARMY 05-097      Awarded: 21NOV05
Title:Large-Area Hybrid Substrates for HgCdTe Infrared Detectors
Abstract:The HgTe-CdTe system represents an excellent platform for infrared detection applications: its direct band gap E0 spans a 1.9 eV range from -0.3 eV (HgTe) to 1.6 eV (CdTe) and the nearly identical lattice constant between the two binary compounds makes it easy to grow intermediate random Hg1-xCdxTe alloys with continuously tunable optical properties between HgTe and CdTe. Unfortunately, however, HgTe-CdTe (MCT) suffers from very severe shortcomings, including use of high cost substrates and its difficult integration with Si-technology. Here we present a new approach to overcome some of these limitations and achieve direct integration of lattice mismatched HgTe-CdTe semiconductors with Si technologies. Our proposed program focuses on fabrication of lattice engineered virtual substrates and buffer layers based on the newly developed (Si)-Ge1-xSnx alloy system. These materials are grown on silicon substrates with exceptional crystallographic and morphological quality and possess random diamond cubic structures. This work has significant potential because the proposed templates can be fully integrated with silicon and their composition can be varied to cover a wide range of tunable lattice parameters (above that of Ge) and thermal expansions coefficients that approach those of HgCdTe.

STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Dr. Catherine Rice
ARMY 05-097      Awarded: 23NOV05
Title:Large-Area Hybrid Substrates for HgCdTe Infrared Detectors
Abstract:Mercury Cadmium Telluride, HgCdTe (MCT), is the most important material for modern infrared detectors and imaging arrays for wavelengths of strategic and tactical interest. Current substrates for HgCdTe detector deposition remain limited by high cost and severely limited available areas (CdZnTe bulk crystals), or by unacceptably large defect densities due to large material and thermal mismatch (Si wafers). New MCT substrate materials are desired with large areas (>300 cm2), low cost and good lattice and thermal match to the detector layer. In this SBIR project Structured Materials Industries, Inc. (SMI) proposes to develop a novel hybrid substrate material based on magnesium silicide (Mg2Si) layers on silicon substrates. Mg2Si has a good lattice match to MCT and has been shown in preliminary studies to have favorable thermal properties. In the proposed program SMI, working with a major manufacturer of MCT devices, will demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing Mg2Si/Si as a low cost, high-performance MCT substrate. In Phase I we will grow Mg2Si on silicon, characterize important material properties, and demonstrate single crystal deposition of MCT on the new substrates. Phase II will include optimization of the substrates, growth of MCT diode structures, and evaluation of IR detector performance. Commercial production of large area substrates and MCT devices will take place in Phase III.

DIFFRACTION, LTD.
49 Fiddler's Green
Waitsfield, VT 05673
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 496-6640
Mr. Bob Kogut
ARMY 05-098      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:Multiplex Wide Field Optics (MWFO)
Abstract:Recent studies have demonstrated that user error can be reduced when using night vision goggle if the user's field of view and resolution is increased. Efforts to provide a wide viewing field with traditional approaches have led to complex and expensive wide angle or multiple lens/tube designs making them impractical for field applications. There is a need for an approach which can provide an alternative solution to the problem. Diffraction LTD proposes an innovative approach which will use Liquid Crystal Switches (LCS) to achieve a wide angle single lens and tube night vision goggle. The proposed approach will time multiplex three views through a single imaging lens and intensifier tube. This will be achieved by using an innovative electronically addressable broad band non-polarized splitter which will be placed in front of the primary imaging lens directing three images from different viewpoints in a time sequence (on axis) through a single lens and intensifier tube. The images are sent (one at a time) through the lens and tube and re-assembled to the appropriate position to the eyepiece at a high repetition rate providing a multiplexed wide field image to the user.

GRADIENT LENS CORP.
207 Tremont Street
Rochester, NY 14608
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 235-2620
Dr. Douglas S. Kindred
ARMY 05-098      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:80-Degree Night Vision Goggle
Abstract:GLC will perform a systematic study of the use of GRIN lenses in wide field of view night vision goggles. Gradient index optical materials have been shown to reduce the number of optical elements and the size and weight of the entire optical system for rifle scopes, camera objective lenses, binoculars and microscope objectives. Gradient index optical materials can provide power within a lens element and aberration correction similar to an aspheric surface. In addition, there is control of chromatic correction which cannot be achieved using aspheric elements. Non-rotationally symmetric and/or tapered gradients provide other unique properties which will be examined for the wide angle objective and eyepiece.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Dr. Paul Boieriu
ARMY 05-099      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Development of Low Stress Ohmic Contacts to HgCdTe
Abstract:The problem to be solved in the proposed work is that the deposition of the usual In and Au metal contacts on HgCdTe-based IR detectors creates additional stress in the HgCdTe immediately below the contacts, This stress has been observed to getter threading dislocations, which, in turn, creates misfit dislocation segments just below the detector surface and parallel to the surface, in the active area under and close to the contacts. The dangling bonds across these dislocations enhance random generation-recombination processes, thereby reducing quantum efficiencies and detectivities. Because of their location, these misfit dislocations act as especially efficient trapping and recombination centers and strongly degrade detector performance, especially in the long wavelength and very long wavelength ranges. They degrade the zero-bias impedance (R0A) and increase the dark current. The dangling bonds across these dislocations enhance random generation-recombination processes, thereby reducing quantum efficiencies and detectivities. We propose to eliminate or greatly reduce this gettering of threading dislocations and the resultant formation of misfit dislocations by contact deposition on HgCdTe long wavelength infrared (LWIR) detectors.

PHOTRONIX
40 Amherst Avenue
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 899-6924
Dr. Phil Lamarre
ARMY 05-099      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Low Stress Ohmic Contacts to HgCdTe
Abstract:We will manufacture novel ohmic contacts and measure the stress in the ohmic contacts by several methods. We will thermally cycle the ohmic contacts and look for nucleated dislocations as a measure of induced stress. In addition we will evaluate an approach of using a new spectroscopy technique for measuring stress in semiconductors. We will also coordinate our work with Enrico Bellotti from Boston University who is an expert at computer modeling of physical phenomena. He will model the strain field in the crystal and will make predictions of how the strain field will interact and affect the electrical properties. We will use CTLMs to measure IVs. We will measure the ohmics at room temperature and at cryogenic temperatures. We will perform thermal cycling of the ohmic contacts to see how the ohmics behave under thermal stress. We will bump-bond the CTLM patterns to a fan-out board and make measurements in a standard dewar at cryogenic temperatures. Supporting Photronix in this effort is BAE SYSTEMS. BAE SYSTEMS has agreed to donate longwave LPE infrared double layer material as well as full use of its extensive infrared processing facility.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Dr. James T. Murray
ARMY 05-100      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:Compact, Short-Pulse, SWIR Laser (1.5 micron) for Two- and Three-Dimensional Flash Imaging Sensor
Abstract:A key near-term objective of the Mission Equipment Packages (MEP) for Class II Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) program is to develop ultra-compact eyesafe 3D ladar and active 2D sensors for deployment on organic unmanned aerial vehicles. This will enable beyond-line-of-sight reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition (RSTA) in areas shadowed by terrain features. New affordable solid state eyesafe (1.5 micron) lasers capable of generating the specified energy (20 mJ), pulse width (1-2 ns), pulse repetition frequency (50Hz), and package size (< 50 cubic inches) are required for these sensors. Lasers capable of meeting all of these requirements in a robust and reliable compact package do not currently exist. Traditional military laser packages rely on a stiff optical bench to provide the mechanical stability necessary to maintain laser cavity alignment in harsh environmental conditions. This strategy lacks modularity and is difficult to scale due to restrictions arising from conflicts between the optical layout, thermal and mechanical interfaces, and support electronics. Aret Associates' laser systems group has developed an innovative packaging strategy that circumvents these difficulties. Aret Associates proposes a new and innovative short-pulse eyesafe laser configuration based on our proprietary packaging approach that will meet the MEP laser objectives.

EPITAXIAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
1450 South Rolling Road
Baltimore, MD 21227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 455-5830
Dr. Ayub Fathimulla
ARMY 05-101      Selected for Award
Title:Low cost photoreceiver for high range resolution range finder
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I SBIR project is to develop and optimize a nanowatt range finder photoreceiver incorporating a novel 1.54-um monolithically integrated, optically preamplified photoreceiver, capable of 90% probability of detection at pulse-widths as small as 2 nsec. In Phase I, we will perform initial photoreceiver development and determine the best photoreceiver architecture to achieve the best sensitivity. We will also initiate the design of the photoreceiver and establish its feasibility by showing that it will be capable of 1.2 nW sensitivity with 90% probability of detection at 2 nsec pulse-lengths. In an array configuration, the photoreceiver will also be capable of simultaneously measuring distances in different directions without any moving parts for 3-D mapping. During Phase II we will design, fabricate and test monolithic receivers using either optically preamplified PINs or APDs integrated with TIAs, OOK circuits and discriminators to generate digital readouts at 500 MHz bandwidth. At the end of the Phase II, we will demonstrate optically preamplified ultra-sensitive photoreceivers operating at room temperatures and 1540 nm wavelength, having detection probability of 90% for single and multiple 2 nsec pulsewidth signals.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Mr. Tod Hagan
ARMY 05-102      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Tools for Rapid Deployment of Net-Centric Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Capabilities
Abstract:Rapid deployment of net-centric data integration capabilities requires a fundamental shift from traditional system-of-systems approaches to Service Oriented Architectures (SOA). Modus Operandi proposes an innovative refactoring strategy and set of tools to jump start the transition to SOA, named Keystone. With Keystone methods and tools, sustainment efforts for legacy Army Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems can reap the benefits of SOA while accelerating readiness for integration into the Distributed Common Ground System (DGCS) backbone. With Keystone tools, a systems engineer will be able to reverse engineer a legacy system Application Programming Interface (API), i.e. the interfaces of the legacy system components, and then rapidly construct service wrappers. More sophisticated services may then be composed from base services as well as legacy API calls. Thus the legacy system can transition to a more service-oriented architecture in an evolutionary manner without wholesale reengineering.

LUMIDIGM, INC.
800 Bradbury SE, Suite 213
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 272-7406
Dr. Rob Rowe
ARMY 05-103      Selected for Award
Title:Soldier-Borne Biometric Authentication System
Abstract:For the past four years, Lumidigm has focused development efforts on multispectral skin analysis and multispectral fingerprint imaging in an effort to build robust, convenient, and reliable biometric sensors. This work has been funded by private investors, government intelligence agencies (CIA & NSA), the Department of Justice, the Department of Defense (currently a Fast-Track Phase II through the United States Air Force focused on "live-ness" detection), as well as numerous corporate partners. These efforts have culminated in a fingerprint sensor, with Lumidigm's anti-spoofing and image enhancement engine inside, that will be released into the AFIS-quality market by a corporate partner during the 4th quarter, 2005. Based upon this foundation, Lumidigm is proposing to produce a feasible design for a soldier-borne continuous biometric authentication system. This design would include a clear prototype development approach to incorporating a power supply, a versatile wireless (or acceptable alternative) communication platform, and a continuous biometric monitoring sensor with "live-ness" detection capability into a small, robust, ergonomic, field-wearable package. For economic practicality, the units will be built from a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) system utilizing Lumidigm's proven multispectral imaging platform.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Jonathan Graf
ARMY 05-103      Selected for Award
Title:Sub-Vocal Biometric Authentication System
Abstract:Luna Innovations proposes to develop a method of determining a user's identity through a sub-vocal electromyogram-based biometric. Luna's method will emphasize ergonomics, enabling the dismounted warfighter to authenticate to the device without manual intervention. Minimum effort, discomfort, and distraction will be required of the warfighter, while maintaining the highest levels of security. The effectiveness of this biometric will be mathematically and experimentally established as a high-assurance means of preventing unauthorized users, such as Opposing Forces, from accessing the device. The focus of Luna's research will be on reducing false positives and false negatives to levels acceptable for deployed utilization. A "liveness" test will be an integral part of this biometric. The method will be evaluated for use with various kinds of protective gear to ensure its accuracy when the warfighter is wearing nuclear-, biological-, chemical-, or fire-protective equipment. The components, devices, and methods needed to implement this biometric as part of a soldier-borne authentication architecture will be determined.

ULTRA-SCAN CORP.
4240 Ridge Lea Rd
Amherst, NY 14226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 832-6269
Dr. John Schneider
ARMY 05-103      Selected for Award
Title:Soldier-Borne Biometric Authentication System
Abstract:This project focuses on the development of a soldier-borne biometric authentication system that facilitates sensing through ultra low cost instrumentation. The new technology will result in a disposable, physically small, low power, highly accurate and rugged "biometric assurance" sensor capable of deployment for the Army's Future Force Warrior. It will enable persistent authentication of the soldier's identity to the soldier-borne computer system, without requiring the soldier to perform unique actions outside of normal mission requirements. Real-time continuous liveness testing and operation regardless of whether the soldier is equipped with nuclear, biological, or chemical protective equipment will be part of the basic operational requirements for the system. Combining this low cost biometric technology and "enabling" it through the use of a highly accurate biometric measurement already developed by the United States Army, will result in a multimodal system with significant reductions to false match and false non-match occurrences. Laboratory experimentation associated with methods of persistent authentication and liveness testing will be conducted, along with the development of the necessary system architecture on how this technology should be integrated to prevent attacks or breaches of security to a node on the tactical Future Force network.

ALLCOMP, INC.
209 Puente Ave.
City of Industry, CA 91746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 369-1273
Mr. Wei Shih
ARMY 05-104      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Thermal Solutions for High Power Tactical Radios
Abstract:Allcomp proposes to develop innovative thermal solutions based on advanced carbon-based material and composite technologies that have broad-based appeal in solving a number of thermal management applications in high power and small form factor tactical radios. Comparing to metallic options, high conductivity carbon-based materials and composites are light providing passive and reliable solutions to thermal problems in microelectronics. Advances in power management are needed to offset increases in transmitted power, anticipated in future needs of the Army's Joint Tactical Radio System. Anticipated heat rejection on the order of 240W for short periods, from a confined space that possibly will lack a source of convective cooling is expected. Allcomp's approach is to apply our recent experiences in cooling high heat flux components using highly conductive carbon-based materials and composites and in direct coupling of energy storage-phase change materials to the heat source to handle power transients. This approach offers the potential to be a very lightweight, highly reliable, yet affordable concept. The proposed study will cover small and large tactical radios, land base and aircraft installation, where vibration is an issue. In remote heat sinking situations, Allcomp will also leverage our experience in high temperature radiator using heat pipes and loop-heat pipes technology for transporting heat.

METAL MATRIX CAST COMPOSITES, LLC (DBA MMCC, LLC)
101 Clematis Avenue, Unit #1
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 893-4449
Dr. Yuejian Chen
ARMY 05-104      Selected for Award
Title:Thermal Pyrolytic Graphite (TPG) Embedded Copper Graphite Composite Heat Sink for High Power or Small Form Factor (SFF) Tactical Radios
Abstract:A manufacturing technique is developed to strategically embed thermal pyrolytic graphite (TPG) insert into copper graphite composite. TPG will then be located in the critical thermal path of the power amplifier heat sink so that heat can be conducted from its edge into the radio chassis. The enhancement of thermal performance by TPG insertion allows applications where advanced wide band gap semiconductors, such as GaN and SiC, are mixing with other low temperature components. At an average heat flux of 100 W/cm2, which is assumed at the die level for SiC devices, the temperature difference along the thermal path of 1.5" long, in the case of copper graphite composite, from module mounting surface to cooling fins was estimated as only 8 C, using a simplified one-dimensional heat transfer method. This temperature drop is adequate for total thermal management of SiC devices whose junction temperature can be as high as 300 C.

HITTITE MICROWAVE CORP.
20 Alpha Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-3343
Mr. Mitchell Shifrin
ARMY 05-105      Selected for Award
Title:Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Cluster 5 Power Amplifier
Abstract:The solicitation details the need for a wideband, efficient, compact, thermally robust power amplifier (PA). The PA operates over the frequency range from 2-2800 MHz with a gain of 31 dB, output power of 38 dBm and 60 dB of power control. Hittite, a fabless semiconductor company, has over 20 years of experience providing state-of-the-art MMICs to both military and commercial applications with over 90 MMIC amplifiers offered in its catalog. Herein Hittite proposes both innovative technology and circuit techniques to address this amplifier specification. Possible device technologies include; LDMOS, field plate devices in PHEMT, MESFET, SiC and GaN, and high voltage HBT. A detailed analysis of important device characteristics and their impact on PA performance are reviewed. By far the most important parameter is operating voltage as this reduces matching network transformation requirements thus enabling multi decade PA design. A series combing circuit technique is also presented that enables the use of low voltage processes for high voltage amplifiers. The output stage of the PA drives the performance and two approaches for that stage are described and simulated including both a distributed and lossy match approach. During the Phase II program the PA MMIC/module will be implemented.

MAYFLOWER COMMUNICATIONS CO., INC.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Dr. Triveni Upadhyay
ARMY 05-106      Selected for Award
Title:MIMO for Energy-Aware Distributed Mobile Wireless Systems (MEADoWS) for JTRS Cluster 5
Abstract:Mayflower's MEADoWS (MIMO for Energy-Aware Distributed Mobile Wireless Systems) proposal aspires to design and build an energy-efficient MIMO-based radio. The MEADoWS program builds on Mayflower's proven technology in MIMO antenna signal processing. The Army's Future Combat System (FCS) and Future Force Warrior (FFW) programs are focusing on the soldier requirements. The soldier's requirements in future wireless mobile communication systems are very demanding on Size, Weight, and Power (SWAP); the power (energy) is the most critical of the three. The proposed MEADoWS system innovations directly address this critical need for power reduction in soldiers' radio by means of smart antenna enhancements and a cognitive MAC layer. MEADoWS targets the leading sources of energy consumption; research effort in MEADoWS will be aligned with opportunity: topics with the most energy saving potential will garner the most attention. The Phase I feasibility study will demonstrate that MEADoWS meets the Army objectives of energy-efficiency, spectral-efficiency, and applicability to JTRS Cluster 5. In the Phase II program, we will build a prototype MEADoWS and demonstrate its functionality in a test bed, with multiple MEADoWS units participating in the demonstration.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Richard E. Cagley
ARMY 05-106      Selected for Award
Title:Micro-MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) Radio Technology
Abstract:When low-cost wireless nodes are combined with novel communication and application layers as well as sensing hardware, the resulting wireless sensor network (WSN) can provide a degree of fidelity for data collection and control not previously possible. For this reason, WSNs can be found in a tremendous range of applications from environmental monitoring to security and surveillance as well as building control and manufacturing automation. At the same time, sensor nodes must function under severe constraints, particularly in terms of power consumption. Seeking to provide further reductions in power consumption per transmitted bit, research has shown that multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technology can provide an increase in spectral efficiency for a given amount of power consumed. Looking towards the practical development of such a system, we propose technical solutions for each system element. These include selection of the multiple-antenna coding method, physical layer waveform, low-power medium access control (MAC), and novel small-footprint antenna designs. In particular, these technologies are addressed in the context of power consumption per hardware element that would be used for practical implementation. For this effort, Toyon has teamed with Professor Ronald Iltis from the University of California, Santa Barbara.

AGILE MATERIALS & TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
93 Castilian Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-5159
Mr. Roger Forse
ARMY 05-107      Selected for Award
Title:Reduced Size Weight and Power Consumption for SATCOM Antennas
Abstract:Agile has successfully demonstrated the ability to design and manufacture high performance, voltage controllable analog phase shifters for use in phased array antennas using the ferroelectric material, Barium Strontium Titanate (BST). Agile has also performed pioneering work in the design of phased array monolithic antennas manufactured on a single substrate. This work was performed for a commercial application, automotive anti-collision radar conformally mounted on the bumpers, but is ideally suited for the manufacture of cost-effective and scalable conformal antennas. Agile is proposing to develop 2-D electronically scanned antennas on a single wafer containing the phase shifters, feed network and antenna radiating elements utilizing our BST technology and industry standard semiconductor manufacturing techniques. Our current substrate is 4" in diameter and less than 500 microns thick. These integrated antennas can be manufactured at a low cost. Phase I will focus on a Ku band antenna. The Phase I proposal will focus on extending our work from the automotive radar effort and performing high fidelity EM simulations and produce a mask design for a 2-D monolithic scanning antenna and include provisions for active elements. Phase II will involve the actual manufacture of the antenna designed in Phase I.

EMAG TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1340 Eisenhower Place
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 973-6600
Dr. Alex Margomenos
ARMY 05-107      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Reduced Size Weight and Power Consumption for SATCOM Antennas
Abstract:Emerging military and commercial communications systems are placing a high premium on low-cost, small, light-weight RF components, while at the same time increasing demands for higher functionality. To maximize data transfer, reduce size and minimize operation cost, communications front ends are forced to move to higher frequencies. This trend necessitates the utilization of high performance, low cost phased array antennas with reduced size, weight and power consumption (SWaP). In response to the above need, EMAG Technologies Inc., in collaboration with Purdue University, proposes to develop a Ka band wafer-scale phased array based on revolutionary concepts in packaging and three-dimensional integration. The amplifiers and wireless MEMS phase shifters will be fabricated on a single Si wafer along with the distribution network of the array. A separate wafer will carry the patch antennas, which will be backed by air-cavities for higher efficiency and gain. A third wafer will be used for packaging the MEMS phase shifters, mounting all the necessary digital circuitry for control, and providing input and output ports to the array. During this effort EMAG Technologies and Purdue will focus their effort on a novel wafer-scale phased array, a wafer-scale cooling system, and MEMS varactor-based phased shifters for providing beam steering capabilities.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Dr. Oleg Mukhanov
ARMY 05-107      Awarded: 30NOV05
Title:Reduced Size Weight and Power Consumption for SATCOM Antennas
Abstract:HYPRES is pleased to propose the development of a low cost and ultra-high performance compact antenna integrated with digital receiver. We propose to achieve higher signal to noise ratios in the order of greater than 20dB via enhanced G/T. It will be done by combining superconducting quantum interference filter (SQIF) antenna and Digital-RF receiver electronics. During Phase I project, novel circuit architecture will be developed that assures the near-term demonstration of aggressive performance specifications using available superconducting electronics technology. This project complements and leverages other HYPRES development projects for DoD involving digital receivers, as well as cryogenic integration demonstration projects.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Dr. Deepnarayan Gupta
ARMY 05-108      Selected for Award
Title:High-speed Digital Filters for Multi-Band Digital-RF Channelizing Receivers
Abstract:HYPRES proposes to develop an ultrafast third-order digital decimation filter for integration with second-order bandpass delta-sigma analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) that convert radio frequency (RF) signals directly to digital. The proposed filter represents a unique class of RF digital signal processors, which enable the software reconfigurable digital-RF transceiver architecture. The digital-RF transceiver permits the replacement of multiple analog mixers, filters, routers, and amplifiers with lower-noise, less expensive, and programmable digital counterparts. The proposed effort to build a higher order cascaded integrator comb (CIC) filter will allow us to fully exploit the noise-shaping properties of delta-sigma ADCs. We propose to double the complexity of RSFQ digital circuitry, which presents considerable challenge for both integrated circuit design and fabrication and will test the capabilities of our newly upgraded commercial foundry. We will investigate serial biasing of a chain of identical circuit blocks to reduce the total bias current and prevent deleterious effects of induced local magnetic fields. In Phase I, we will design filters in both first and second-generation fabrication processes, corresponding to clock speeds of 20 GHz and 40 GHz respectively. The full implementation and integration with ADC modulators will be performed in Phase II, starting with the Phase I option.

NATIVE6, INC.
811 First Ave , Suite 626
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 682-0275
Mr. John Spence, CISSP, CCNA
ARMY 05-109      Selected for Award
Title:IPv4-IPv6 Transition and Interoperability Using Available Transition Mechanisms
Abstract:Army personnel need their tactical devices to work reliably in any deployment, whether IPv4 or IPv6-based devices, and whether fielded in an IPv4 or IPv6-dominant network. In addition, some of these devices use embedded systems, where it is impractical to "dual-stack" the applications or the node itself. This project will prototype a device that providesIPv4 and/or IPv6 connectivity to single or multiple devices, regardless of the upstream IP-protocol version. Nodes and applications that are capable of using either IPv4 or IPv6 (dual-stack) will be able to obtain network transport for both protocols. The project will deliver a testbed/prototype using a combination of FBCB2, Appliqu platform, SINCGARS, and commercial equipment (or other equipment as directed by the Army). Specifically, the project will: (1) Prototype deployment of an "outboard black-box" that delivers IPv4 capability to IPv4-only applications and devices across an IPv6-dominant network environment (DSTM), and IPv6 or dual-stack support to newer applications and devices across a mixed or IPv4-dominent network. (2) Test the ability for a set of IPv4 and IPv6 nodes to use the services of a single "tunnel concentrator" to obtain the IP-protocol (or both for dual-stack nodes) version needed for operation. (3) Evaluate the effort required and functional impact of providing dual-stack support and selected transition mechanism directly on Army end-node devices.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. David B. Clark
ARMY 05-110      Selected for Award
Title:Parasitically Controlled, Frequency Agile, Endfire Phased Array
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation has developed and patented reconfigurable antenna technology that represents a significant improvement upon traditional antennas. Toyon's approach is to use parasitic control devices to adjust the gain, frequency response, radar cross section (RCS), or polarization of an antenna element. Toyon proposes to use this technique to design and prototype a frequency-agile antenna array capable of scanning over an extremely broad range of angles. Toyon will partner with Agile Materials and Technologies, of Goleta, CA, inventors of small, low-power, ferroelectric devices. Toyon will use these devices to control the electrical properties of individual elements of an antenna array, enabling frequency agility, enhanced gain, and improved scan range in the phased array. Toyon's partnership with Agile will enable us to fully integrate the antenna systems with the control devices throughout the Phase I and Phase II contracts. Toyon intends to prototype, test, and evaluate a prototype of an electronically controlled antenna element during Phase I.

DATATEK APPLICATIONS, INC.
379 Campus Drive, Suite 100
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 667-1080
Mr. Alan Stultz
ARMY 05-111      Selected for Award
Title:Mobile IPv6 in a Low Bandwidth Tactical Environment.
Abstract:The purpose of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasiblity of innovative extentions to the use of Mobile IPv6 to allow US Army legacy tactical devices to interoperate in the new IPv6 mobile networks being deployed. The Army is planning the migration of its core network to Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) over the next several years as part of its Global Information Grid (GIG) expansion. The Army has many legacy tactical IPv4-based mobile devices, such as radios, data and navigation units, etc. that may never be replaced or updated for many years or may be cost-prohibitive to do so. These IPv4-based tactical devices are not interoperable with the IPv6-based GIG. Our company, Datatek Applications, is developing an experimental IPv4-IPv6 Translator that shows promise in solving this interoperability problem facing the Army and DoD. Mobility is of paramount importance to the DoD. We plan on continuing to develop our Translator for use in Army Net Centric Warfare Command and Control (C2) Systems to rapidly convert these IPv4 legacy devices to Mobile IPv6 nodes with all the benefits that IPv6 brings to the mobile warfighter.

JEM ENGINEERING, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 587-5477
Dr. Derek Linden
ARMY 05-112      Selected for Award
Title:Ballistic Radomes for SATCOM Antennas
Abstract:Radomes mounted on tactical combat vehicles, such as the HMMWV, Stryker, and On-The-Move Future Combat Systems (FCS) platforms, must be designed to withstand ballistic impacts in the field. Current radome designs are not capable of providing ballistic protection to antenna systems, which can lead to loss of communication for the vehicle when under fire. The proposed program will develop antenna radomes that demonstrate both RF performance and ballistic protection capability for SATCOM applications. The proposed radome designs will incorporate materials with high levels of energy absorption under ballistic impact in constructions that meet the performance requirements, which are to minimize distortion of the antenna pattern at frequencies between 20 and 45.5 GHz while being as light as possible and providing sufficient ballistic protection. Simulation tools will be used to model the RF performance for a given radome construction, state-of-the-art optimization tools will be used to enhance performance, and material tests on small samples of ballistic material will be used to downselect and optimize the radome design. Selected radome designs will be fabricated for RF testing and subsequent ballistic testing in the Option phase.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5275
Dr. Hongjun (Jason) Li
ARMY 05-113      Selected for Award
Title:An Integrated Architecture for Seamless Soft Handoff in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:We present an integrated architecture for seamless soft handoff in mobile ad hoc networks, where various managers residing on multiple layers are proposed to handle handoff issues in a cross-layer and cooperative manner. At the link adaptation layer, the virtual interface provides link transparency to the upper layers and session management is handled at the interface manager. The device and system monitor reports information about the wireless interfaces, and the policy manager incorporates various aspects of factors for comparing interfaces. The handoff is optimized to execute policy-based decisions to keep network traffic delay and traffic congestion to a minimum. At the network layer, essentially most IP-based ad hoc routing protocols can be accommodated, and the architecture can naturally host QoS protocols, like Differentiated Services with admission control. In particular, we present our hybrid Mobile Agent Routing (MAR) protocol that possesses such desirable behaviors and supports various traffic types. At the transport layer, the transport manager is instructed by the interface manager to adapt the transmission rate according to the new wireless link. Finally at the application layer, the security manager handles various aspects of security concerns, including defense against man-in-the-middle attacks.

SAN DIEGO RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
6885 Flanders Drive, Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 623-9424
Dr. Bo Ryu
ARMY 05-113      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Seamless soft handoff protocols
Abstract:Service reliability is a key performance indicator for a Future Force battlefield network. In a mobile wireless ad-hoc network in support of the Future Force, frequent node movement combined with volatile RF environment often results in fluctuation in link quality and hence frequent network topology change. This can severely hamper reliable data transmission. Most existing techniques proposed in the literature on soft handoff are for commercial cellular network, and mostly for voice applications. Ad hoc networking does not have a fixed infrastructure and hence handoff protocols should not depend on fixed centralized controllers. To the best of our knowledge, there is no existing research or implementation of seamless soft handoff for mobile ad hoc networks or Future Force Networks. Therefore, San Diego Research Center (SDRC) and Telcordia Technologies, both with a proven ARMY-funded research track record, propose to develop a coordinated, seamless multi-layer soft handoff protocol suite for mobile ad hoc networks. We believe the solution proposed here, which utilizes a proactive "make before break" approach to send information over multiple paths combining with efficient coding techniques, can significantly improve service reliability and user perceived QoS, and in the meanwhile, achieve optimal network resource utilization through cross-layer interactions.

PPMA, LLC
1333 Woodgate Drive
Carmel, IN 46033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 566-8969
Dr. Chaman Lall
ARMY 05-114      Awarded: 16NOV05
Title:New Technology, Non-Lubricant Bearings
Abstract:PPMA, LLC proposes development of a unique, innovative, high speed bearing that is lubrication-free and requires no maintenance. It will rely on a lubricious material capable of operating at low component loads at high speed. We propose developing this high speed material for application at operating conditions and requirements of Tactical Vehicle steering drivelines and components, e.g. universal joints, knuckles, ball joints, tie rod ends, control arm bushings, etc. We developed an innovative universal joint bearing cup employing a patented surface design technology ("GC"-Geometrically contoured), which will be interactively integrated with the new material as a tribological system. The universal joint was proven on the HMMWV in field tests for which it received the Army 1995 Quality Award and was acclaimed at the 2004 NATO RTE Conference. A lubricious material, with superior surface characteristics, without coatings, was concurrently developed. Its development has been privately continued. This material will be the starting basis for Phase I. Bench tests will demonstrate its performance while providing data applicable to the components selected by TARDEC for operational evaluation in Phase II.

QED SERVICES, INC.
5137 Pontiac Trail, Suite A
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 669-6132
Mr. Dennis McNeely
ARMY 05-115      Selected for Award
Title:Army Ground Vehicle Roll-Over Elimination and Stability Improvements
Abstract:The ability to safely deploy tactical vehicles is central to the Objective Force, and a capable suspension system is critical to enhancing the troops' safety while minimizing fatigue and damage otherwise incurred while traversing rough terrain at high speed. QED Services, Inc. and its associates propose to adapt fluid spring suspension technology to address these issues. This suspension technology can be adapted to a wide variety of platforms from wheeled to tracked vehicles, providing benefits immediately for the Legacy Fleet and a development platform for Interim and Future Forces.

SOUTH BAY SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CORP.
7525 W. 81st St.,
Playa del Rey, CA 90293
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 378-4961
Dr. David Cohn
ARMY 05-116      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Wide Spectrum Transmitter For A Combined Standoff Chem-Bio Sensor
Abstract:It is proposed to analyze and trade off alternative laser technologies for development of an integrated transmitter capable of emission in the UV for bio detection and 3-5 m and 8-12 m bands for chemical detection. Novel conceptual sensor designs for a variety of deployments will be developed as an aid in prescribing laser performance. Important laser and sensor component development will be identified and new solutions will be proposed to be carried out in the Phase II program.

NANOCOMPOSIX, INC.
4336 Proctor Pl.
San Diego, CA 92116
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 890-0704
Dr. Steven Oldenburg
ARMY 05-117      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Anisotropic Obscurant Packaging
Abstract:Anisotropic, electrically conductive fibers and flakes have large extinction coefficients in the mid and far infrared regions of the spectrum, and have utility as constituents of high performance military obscurants. However, the high aspect ratio and small minor dimension size of the particles (100 nanometers or less) presents challenges for the packaging and dissemination of the particles. A dynamic self assembly process is proposed that will align the nanoparticles to produce high density configurations that can be efficiently aerosolized.

EIGENT TECHNOLOGIES
10 Cindy Lane
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 673-0402
Mr. Douglas Clark
ARMY 05-118      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Data Rich Active Transponder Development
Abstract:RFID tags and a wireless infrastructure for tag communication has become a key technology for providing In-Transit Visibility of the DOD logistics pipeline, and is critical technology for providing effective logistical support to DOD forces in operational theaters. This technology consists of battery powered data rich (128k) RFID tags operating at unlicensed short range (300-600 feet) commercial frequencies and a supporting infrastructure of interrogating antennas and handheld readers at hundreds of logistic nodes worldwide. The Assistant Secretary of Defense, Networks and Information Integration (ASD NII) has stated an intent to require encryption between RFID tags and reader/interrogators and possible requirements for data stored on the RFID tags to be encrypted. This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will address key technical challenges of securing the data in active tags, including physical security of the tag itself which could be compromised if acquired by adversaries. In Phase I, proof-of-concept of the secure data rich tag will be demonstrated using standard COTS (Commercial Off The Shelf) components to exhibit the security potential of the concept.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Mr. Jeff Tooley
ARMY 05-118      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Data Rich Active Transponder Development
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc. (WPI) proposes developing the AccuTagTM Multi-Encrypted Active RFID System (Accu-MEARS). To enable RFID encryption in widely varying applications, Accu-MEARS will include a robust, low-powered, and secure architecture flexible enough to support various encryption schemes. Reconfiguring the Accu-MEARS encryption scheme will allow power consumption to be tailored to the security and data requirements of each application. Additionally, supporting multiple encryption algorithms such as RSA, DSA, and DES will simplify future integration with RFID tags and readers that support the same encryption algorithms. Phase I work will focus on analyzing the encryption algorithms approved for the FIPS-140-2 security standard and understanding the impact of each algorithm on the requirements for the RFID system. Although we propose to design and develop custom active RFID readers and tags for Accu-MEARS, we will also investigate the feasibility of retrofitting the existing Army active RFID network with our proposed encryption algorithms and network. After selecting the most promising candidate encryption algorithms, we will simulate and calculate the performance of Accu-MEARS versus the performance of the Army's existing active RFID network. This work sets the stage for Phase II, in which we will develop a prototype of Accu-MEARS using the selected encryption schemes.

MILBERT ENGINEERING, INC.
1835 Energy Park Drive
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 659-6762
Mr. Randy L. Milbert
ARMY 05-119      Selected for Award
Title:Geographically-Enabled Augmented Reality System for Dismounted Soldiers
Abstract:To maintain situational awareness during combat operations, dismounted soldiers require access to updated battlefield information. Currently, the United States Army's Land Warrior soldier system provides this information via an opaque monocular display that presents a two-dimensional moving map and battlefield messages. By placing this display over an eye, however, a soldier sacrifices his or her binocular vision, depth perception, and peripheral vision. In addition, the soldier must dedicate intellectual resources to mentally translating a two-dimensional overhead map to his or her three-dimensional surroundings. Primordial and ITT propose jointly solving these problems by designing a wearable augmented reality (AR) system that overlays visual cues derived from a Geospatial Information System (GIS) on the soldier's view of the battlefield. Our approach leverages the existing Primordial Soldier 1.4 platform that is slated for inclusion in the upcoming Future Force Warrior (FFW) Early User Evaluation (EUE) at Fort Benning. In addition, we will build on ITT's experiences in developing the $5 million Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Battlefield Augmented Reality System (BARS). We will begin by extending Primordial Soldier 1.4 to support efficient three-dimensional augmented reality rendering on a handheld. Specifically, we will develop an efficient spatial database and a real-time graphics engine. We will then evaluate existing augmented reality labeling techniques and modify them for a platform with limited processing power and memory. In addition, we will perform fightability assessments to determine the optimal design and configuration of visual cues for the warfighter. Whenever possible, we will use commercial off the shelf (COTS) hardware to support processing, tracking, and interaction.

SYSTEMS & PROCESSES ENGINEERING CORP.(SPEC)
101 West Sixth Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. Brad Sallee
ARMY 05-120      Awarded: 04NOV05
Title:Terrain Mapping LADAR (TML)
Abstract:The use of a miniature wide angle, video scan rate, LADAR in combination with an intuitive software display will allow vehicle operators to assess rough terrain for crossing. The Terrain Mapping LADAR (TML) is a compact LADAR unit that can be easily mounted on a vehicle or mast attached to a vehicle offering very low power draw, operation in dense foliage, and all weather operation including in all lighting conditions, bright sunshine, night time, rain, dust, and heavy fog, and is Class I eye-safe. The sensor data contains the range and local reflectivity for multiple objects in range, limiting the computational load for the image processor, but preserving the ability to see through dense foliage. The output of the image processor will be displayed on a color display with a rotatable 3D wire-frame, intuitively displaying the profile and dimensions, and a draped color contour map, displaying the local grade (slope) of the terrain so easy, quantitative, crossing decisions can be made.

VISUAL LEARNING SYSTEMS, INC.
P.O. Box 8226
Missoula, MT 59807
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 829-1384
Mr. Stuart Blundell
ARMY 05-121      Selected for Award
Title:Automatic Extraction of Urban Features from Terrestrial LIDAR Systems
Abstract:The U.S. Army requires automated feature extraction (AFE) software for collecting very high-resolution 3D urban features from terrestrial LIDAR data to support the ground-based Warfighter operating in the urban battlespace. Advanced vehicle-mounted and man-portable terrestrial Light Imaging and Range Detection (LIDAR) systems capture accurate 3D measurements of the urban environment with spatial resolutions on the order of 5 centimeters or less [Blais, 2004]. The 3D imaging capability of these systems is negated, however, by a lack of commercial software tools capable of exploiting terrestrial LIDAR datasets [Shiode 2001]. Current approaches for creating high-resolution 3D urban models are expensive requiring thousands of man-hours to digitize feature geometries, assign textures to features and attribute features. The lack of robust AFE software tools for collecting geospecific urban features from terrestrial LIDAR systems directly impacts applications for facility reconnaissance, special operations planning and urban warfare decision-making. Visual Learning Systems, Inc. (VLS) has developed a LIDAR AFE system capable of extracting over 1,000 buildings per minute as 3D Shapefiles from airborne LIDAR. VLS' proven capability in developing commercial AFE software tools, and prior research experience with LIDAR, provides the Army with a proven partner for developing a 3D AFE solution for advanced terrestrial LIDAR systems.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Dr. Wei Chen
ARMY 05-122      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Nanotechnology-based System for the Detection and Photodynamic Neutralization of BW Agents
Abstract:Our goal is to detect and eliminate BW agents rapidly. In this project, we will develop functionalized nanoparticle photodynamic agents that can be bioconjugated with monoclonal antibodies to rapidly detect and kill viral infections. During Phase I, we will concentrate on the design and fabrication of handheld prototype detector that can be used as a sentry sensor for virus, e.g. RSV, detection and elimination. The detection and elimination functions of the nanoparticles will be tested separately. In the Phase I option we will conduct some pilot studies for Brucella detection and elimination. Once the proof-of-concept is demonstrated for BW detection and elimination, in Phase II we will combine the detection and elimination functions and focus on the applications of these bi-functional nanoparticle agents for detection and elimination of Brucella that may be present following a BW agent release in open spaces. Phase I Objectives: 1) Synthesize CdTe, TiO2 and ZnO luminescent nanoparticles, 2) Bioconjugate anti-RSV F protein monoclonal antibody (clone 131-2A) to nanoparticles, 3) Design and fabricate a hand-held prototype detector for RSV and Brucella (based on two sizes of CdTe nanoparticles), 4) Test biocongugated TiO2 nanoparticles for RSV elimination.

FANTASTIC DATA LLC
207 Prospect Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 643-9555
Mr. Mark Rich
ARMY 05-123      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Wireless Backbone to Monitor and Administer Large Remote DoD Acreage
Abstract:The objective of Phase 1 is to develop and validate the requirements and design for a specialized wireless backbone data backhaul network to support a wide variety of sensors deployed across vast areas. The specialized nature of the backbone network-support for low-power sensor nodes, vast coverage areas, limited access, autonomous operation, and no grid power-sets it apart from other wireless backhaul concepts and approaches. Elements of commercial broadband wireless access (BWA) technology may be applicable but no existing equipment or approach can meet the system requirements. Validation of the requirements and design is necessary and important in advance of deployment to reduce risk. A combination of analysis, simulation, emulation, and prototyping provides the most effective risk reduction

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Barry Polakowski
ARMY 05-123      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Wireless Backbone to Monitor and Administer Large Remote DoD Acreage
Abstract:The U.S. Army has stated a need for wirelessly monitoring large areas of remote land. The goal of this effort is to leverage Luna Innovation's existing wireless monitoring system to support the sensing elements and environmental requirements of this implementation. In Phase I of this effort we shall demo the current self-powered wireless system and develop the requirements and initial design for a modified system. The Phase II shall allow the research and development team to create functional field-ready prototypes. This effort builds on the expertise of Luna Innovations in designing self-powered wireless sensor networks and secure wireless communication devices.

SAN DIEGO RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
6885 Flanders Drive, Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 623-9424
Dr. Bo Ryu
ARMY 05-123      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Self-Organizing, Energy Efficient, Scalable and Cost-Effective Wireless Backbone to Monitor and Administer Large Remote DoD Acreage
Abstract:San Diego Research Center (SDRC) offers a team of experts in wireless sensor networks, embedded networking, mesh networking, and military communication systems to design, analyze, and prototype a MANET-based wireless backbone that not only enables remote monitoring and data acquisition from heterogeneous sensor networks over the vast remote DoD lands and facilities, but also supports cooperation between sensor networks to accomplish complex tasks and to improve energy efficiency and scalability. During Phase I, the primary focus is to develop an validate the wireless backbone architecture, adapt the connectionless network (CN) concepts and algorithms to the specific requirements of the wireless backbone, integrate environmental energy harvest-aware duty cycling, MAC and routing protocols into the CN framework, design a common software and hardware platform for the backbone nodes, and evaluate the performance of the overall system through analysis and simulations. We will leverage three bodies of prior and ongoing research to design and validate the architecture concepts and subsystem technologies: (i) the successful prior work on CN radio developed at SDRC; (ii) the large body of prior work on wireless sensor networks and related tools and technologies developed at UCLA; and (iii) optimal RF planning tools developed by SDRC.

GLOBAL CONTOUR LTD.
1145 Ridge Road West
Rockwall, TX 75087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 514-4085
Dr. Jaycee Howard Chung
ARMY 05-124      Awarded: 07NOV05
Title:MULTIFUNCTIONAL MATERIAL PROPERTIES-BASED SMART CONCRETE STRUCTURAL SELF-SENSING (MMP-SCSS) TECHNOLOGY
Abstract:The purpose of the proposed SBIR project is to develop an innovative real-time smart concrete structural self-sensing and self-protection system/technique utilizing the material multifunctional characteristics (electrical and piezoresistive properties) of smart concrete structural material without using third-party embedded or attached sensors. The proposed system technology can be used for building occupancy assessment, security monitoring (intrusion detection), weight assessment on concrete foundation, electromagnetic interference (EMI) protection from potential electronic signal spying or terrorism, structural health monitoring (SHM) on military and commercial infrastructures. The proposed system/technology can be applied to military and commercial concrete infrastructures (military installation concrete facilities and bunkers, concrete buildings, bridges, highways and their interchanges, dams, tunnels, etc.) for several purposes. The system technology application is simple and performance-efficient, and technology implementation/maintenance is cost-effective. Furthermore, this innovation also allows the weighing of cars and trucks crossing the concrete paved highway at national and state borders, and the technology can be used for EMI shielding, as needed for the protection of electronic signal intelligence sensitive concrete structures (military bunkers and U.S. Embassies around the world) against electromagnetic forms of spying or terrorism.

HONEYBEE ROBOTICS
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(212) 966-0661
Mr. Kris Zacny
ARMY 05-125      Awarded: 04NOV05
Title:Near-Surface Rapid Soil Characterization System
Abstract:The objective of the proposed effort is to prove the feasibility and develop preliminary concepts for a rugged, portable, and robust system capable of assessing in-situ soil properties. Currently a rapid soil characterization system does not exist and the proposed work is essential to the development of such a device. Honeybee Robotics has much experience and expertise in planetary drilling and sampling system mechanism and automation design and implementation. The challenging requirements of the proposed rapid soil characterization system (RSCS) is similar in many ways to the unique systems developed by Honeybee for in situ planetary exploration of Mars, comets, the Moon, etc. These requirements include low mass, low power, semi- to fully-autonomous operation, sensor integration, and precision sample acquisition and manipulation. The proposed Phase I effort will focus on concept development and breadboard testing to determine the feasibility of integrating several types of sensors into a single one- to two-person-deployed RSCS and how the system will rapidly penetrate to depth and analyze (and potentially capture samples of) the soil. Phase II will result in a fully-integrated field-deployable RSCS prototype.

HYDROGEOPHYSICS, INC.
2302 N. Forbes Blvd.
Tucson, AZ 85745
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 647-3315
Dr. Dale Rucker
ARMY 05-125      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Near-Surface Rapid Soil Characterization System
Abstract:Hydrogeophysics proposes to develop a portable soil characterization tool to obtain the soil parameters of moisture, strength, and classification. Such a system would be the first to (1) automatically classify soils in the field according to the USCS; (2) collect both torsional shear and compressive strength of soils in the same instrument. The objective of the system is to demonstrate that these quantities can be acquired with minimal effort by unspecialized personnel operating in the theater of operations. The system will be comprised of two units, including a drill/impact hammer with a 3-foot auger with an attached cone. The second unit is a detached soil separator for classification. The hammer feature of the main unit will allow an estimation of the compressive strength of the soil; the drilling capability of the system will provide an estimate of shear strength. A feasibility study will be conducted to determine if the volumetric soil moisture or gravimetric soil moisture will be measured. The volumetric soil moisture can be determined with time domain reflectometry. Alternatively a soil decimation/desiccation system could measure the gravimetric soil moisture. The soil classification unit is designed to take the cuttings of the soil through a separator for classification.

TRANSTECH SYSTEMS, INC.
1594 State Street
Schenectady, NY 12304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 370-5558
Mr. Ronald W. Gamache
ARMY 05-125      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Near-Surface Rapid Soil Characterization System
Abstract:Soil strength, type, and moisture content are needed to properly assess the load carrying capacity of infrastructure under traffic from ground vehicles and aircraft. Soldiers, with little engineering experience, must be capable of rapidly determining these critical properties to assess the mobility characteristics of maneuver corridors within the theater of operation. Current methods are subject to many limitations, including noise signature, incomplete soil assessment, inaccuracy, and potential for injury. In the proposed work, a novel extension of proven cone penetrometer technology will be developed that brings together measurement of soil strength, moisture content, and classification in a battlespace friendly configuration. First, the labor intensive and unwieldly configuration of the cone penetrometer is replaced with a hands-off, automatic, sound-shielded design that sits on the ground and employs an automatic and adaptive force generation and transfer mechanism. Moisture and dry density profiles will be measured using TransTech's patented electrical impedance technology. Finally, soil type will be developed from a fusion of electrical impedance data, cone and sleeve friction data, pore pressure data, and processed visual imagery. The proposed technology will, for the first time, develop a man-portable instrument that provides a comprehensive field assessment of soil characteristics important for mobility operations.

RJ LEE GROUP, INC.
350 Hochberg Road
Monroeville, PA 15146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 325-1776
Dr. Boyd Clark
ARMY 05-126      Awarded: 07NOV05
Title:Predicting the Behavior of Cracked Concrete Exposed to Contamination
Abstract:Concrete durability and its impact on life-cycle infrastructure costs and military readiness is a major societal issue. This SBIR Phase I project focuses on the feasibility of a concrete durability software model that considers the effects of cracks on contamination in concrete. Concrete contamination may affect durability and serviceability. Cracked concrete will contaminate faster leading to potential early degradation and repairs. Most concrete structures have cracked concrete somewhere or scattered everywhere. Models are needed to assess the rate of degradation for critical military facilities so operational readiness can be maintained. Today, no model exists to consider the effect of micro or macro cracks in concrete. This SBIR Phase I program will include feasibility assessments of contamination modeling from various ionic, immiscible liquids, and biological agents. The software program will be crucial to modeling contamination levels from these agents, effectiveness of remedial treatments, and the efficiency of potential preventative treatment measures. The key deliverable under this work in Phase I would be an investigation of cracking phenomenon, preliminary elaboration of the contamination model, and initial model validation.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Mr. David Powell
ARMY 05-127      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Design for Low-cost, Durable Thermoplastic Composite Sheet Piling System(1000-765)
Abstract:Army operations require rapid deployment of waterfront construction systems including docks, wharfs and bridges. Current steel sheet piles, used for these construction purposes, are heavy and easily corrode. Phase I of the project will focus on developing a low-cost, lightweight, rapidly deployable and durable thermoplastic sheet pile system. Existing technologies, methods and issues will be reviewed. Key performance criteria will be generated and ranked. A section profile, interlocking method and anchoring method will be developed and evaluated.

GS ENGINEERING, INC.
101 West Lakeshore Drive
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-1235
Mr. Glen Simula
ARMY 05-128      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:High Temperature Bushings for Tracked Vehicles
Abstract:Bushing degradation in tracked vehicles has attracted attention in the recent conflicts in hot, arid environments around the globe. Due to the increased ambient temperatures and the need for speed and agility, bushings are experiencing higher forces and higher temperatures. Due to this combined effect, bushings are deteriorating quickly, and require service too often. A solution combining advanced materials and engineering know how has GSE and its partners believing that we can come with a solution. With comprehensive knowledge of track systems and military vehicle GSE will use FE analysis to optimize the bushing design taking into account: actual track loads and temperature, material properties, coating techniques, and assembly methods to offer a solution that will significantly prolong the life of the track systems. Specifically, the track tension and rotation will be decoupled. In conjunction with the numerical analysis, optimized bushing designs will be fabricated and tested in a T158LL track bushing simulation machine at KRC. Numerical results can be matched with instrumented experimental data to gain confidence in FE predictions. The bushing designs then can be further optimized and narrowed down to offer a turn key track bushing solution.

AEROVIRONMENT, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Avenue
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 357-9983
Dr. Zaher Daboussi
ARMY 05-129      Selected for Award
Title:High Power Density, and Efficient on Board Auxiliary Power Generation System
Abstract:Power generation at remote locations is increasingly important to provide support for logistic and combat operations. The traditional genset driven by a diesel engine, however, is bulky, not highly efficient, and requires non-trivial maintenance. In addition, the power quality that these traditional gensets supply is not sufficient for many field applications. Thus, a compact, yet high efficiency auxiliary power generation system integral to the tracked or wheeled military vehicle, at the 4 kW power level, is an essential new component to aid the warfighter. This advanced generator and power control unit makes use of direct cooled lamination paramagnet magnet motor technology and a proprietary interphase transformer technique using sub-phases controlled by a digital signal processor. The proposed Phase I effort will investigate the feasibility of developing such on-board auxiliary power generation system. The advanced on-board auxiliary power generation system (APGS) will have a higher efficiency, lower harmonic distortion, lower electromagnetic interference, in addition to the greatly lower volume and weight advantages. AeroVironment will overcome the many technical challenges leveraging experience from recent generator, inverter, and digital control development projects.

SATCON TECHNOLOGY CORP.
27 Drydock Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 897-2447
Dr. Edward Lovelace
ARMY 05-129      Awarded: 06DEC05
Title:High Power Density Engine-Driven Auxiliary Power Unit
Abstract:SatCon proposes to develop a high power density engine-drive auxiliary power unit (EDAPU) for military vehicles. Our proposed machine type is a high speed permanent magnet generator. A power conversion unit (PCU) will integrate all the functions of converting the PMG power output into 3 selectable electrical outlets: 270VDC, 28VDC, and 120VAC. We plan to develop concept sizing and performance predictions for both liquid and air cooled variations. Our PCU design is a compact topology with limited filtering requirements that will result in a solution that is superior in size, weight, and total ownership cost.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Jerry W. Jenkins
ARMY 05-130      Awarded: 21NOV05
Title:Development of Neural Protectants Against Organophosphorus Compound Toxicity
Abstract:We propose to develop a novel methodology to systematically develop therapeutic compounds for treatment of organophosphate (OP) induced neurotoxicity. A core hypothesis is that combined temporal measurement and computational analysis of cellular processes is needed to understand neurotoxicity and discover novel therapeutics/protectants. We propose a combination of experiment and computation whose goal is to elucidate a detailed mechanistic description of OP neurotoxicity including signalingpathways, metabolic effects and biochemical markers. Starting from current knowledge, we will construct a map of neural signaling/activity pathways and identify reporters of modulation by OP compounds. Using a modified microphysiometer, the dynamic metabolic and signaling changes in neurotypical PC12 cell will be probed. Network analysis tools will be used to analyze the experimental data, in order to validate/modify proposed pathways. Sensitivity analyses will be performed to identify control points for efficaceous intervention. In Phase II, with the aid of expanded measurements, intervention points and candidate therapeutic compounds will be identified. A multi-disciplinary partnership with expertise in (a) dynamic measurements of cellular toxicology/metabolism and (b) in-silico modeling of cellular signaling/metabolism and (c) neurotoxicology has been assembled. The research will be leveraged on ongoing efforts related to analysis of toxin exposure effects both at Vanderbilt and CFDRC.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Dr. Raman Nambudripad
ARMY 05-130      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Biomarker Based Neural Protectants
Abstract:As long as organophosphates are one of the most probable chemical warfare agents or agents of choice in a terrorist attack, protection of military personnel against these compounds is an important component of sustained troop performance, confidence, and morale. The latest advances in understanding the mechanisms involved in the toxicity of organophosphates include identification of several significant biomarkers following exposure to organophosphates. The proposed program focuses on developing methods to study the signaling pathways generated by these molecular and genetic events and to use them for the development of novel, highly effective, neural protectants against organophosphates.

INTRA-CELLULAR THERAPIES, INC.
3960 Broadway, 6th Floor
New York, NY 10032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(212) 923-3344
Dr. Gretchen L. Snyder
ARMY 05-130      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Development of Pre- and Post-Exposure Neural Protectants Against Organophosphorus (OP) Compounds Based on Novel and Specific Biochemical Markers of OP Exposure
Abstract:Exposure to organophosphorous (OP) cholinesterase inhibitors, used as nerve agents for bioterrorism, results in severe physiological symptoms, including convulsions, coma, and death. Though the primary action of OP agents is well-characterized [i.e., irreversible inhibition of acetylcholine (ACh) breakdown by its primary metabolic enzyme, acetylcholinesterase (AChE)], it has been difficult to identify and implement palliative therapies that effectively block the direct effects of OPs on AChE or prevent OP-induced seizures and convulsions. In fact, the convulsions resulting from OP intoxication present a significant problem for the medical treatment of military personnel and civilian populations exposed to nerve agents since they lead to profound brain damage and long-term psychiatric, motor and cardiovascular problems. The goal of the present proposal is to use state-of-the-art biochemical methods to identify intracellular signaling effects of sarin that are critical for the induction of nerve agent-induced seizures and convulsions and to use these identified substrates as a means to screen promising anti-convulsive therapies as anti-sarin treatments.

ACCESS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
2600 Stemmons Freeway, Suite 176
Dallas, TX 75207
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 905-5100
Dr. John V. St. John
ARMY 05-131      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Chemical Casualty Care: Hydrogel Nanoparticle Aggregates as Wound Dressings Following Debridement of Cutaneuous Vesicant Injuries
Abstract:The proposed research will demonstrate the utility of hydrogel nanoparticle aggregates as bandages for post-debridement vesicant injuries. Dehydrated hydrogel nanoparticles in powder form are applied to the surface of a wound. The nanoparticles aggregate immediately and form a continuous hydrogel film that absorbs exudate and protects the wound surface. Studies show that an aggregate film controls the release of antibiotics, painkillers, protein-based growth factors, and steroids for periods ranging from weeks to months. The research will apply the wound dressing to burns in an animal model and assess the healing and local pharmacokinetics for released therpeutics.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Adrian Denvir
ARMY 05-131      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Multifunctional Dressings for Improved Wound Healing
Abstract:In the present political climate, there is a significantly increased risk of vesicant agent attacks against the US armed forces and the civilian population. At present vesicant injury treatment involves wound debridement, followed by skin grafting or the application of wound dressings, which are limited in the benefits that they offer, and need to be changed out frequently, thus adding to the suffering of the casualties, and logistical and cost hurdles on the armed forces. In this Phase I SBIR effort, Lynntech proposes to develop a multifunctional wound dressing which incorporates several beneficial features such as wound exudates removal, delivery of growth factor and antimicrobial agent, and a transparent design, to shorten wound healing time, decrease scarring, lengthen application time and allow easy visual determination of wound healing progress. This will significantly lower the logistical and cost burden on the medical personnel and armed forces in general, and shorten the suffering of the casualties, thereby acting as a deterrent against the use of vesicants by the enemy. During Phase II we will further optimize the design and perform limited animal testing to show the suitability of our multifunctional wound dressings for use in the treatment of vesicant and burn injuries.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Gregory Zeltser
ARMY 05-131      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Wound Curing Dressing
Abstract:To address the Army need for a dressing that combines the features of several commercial products designed to treat burns, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wound Curing Dressing (WCD) that will contain embedded growth factors, microbicidal agents, antiproteinases, and nutrients; be capable of absorbing wound exudates; be able to remain in place for up to 7 days; and have a shelf life of 2 years at temperatures ranging from -30 to 150 degrees F. This proposed dressing combines lyophilized platelets with nanocrystalline silver. The WCD will improve treatment, with better cosmetic and functional outcome for the patient and a speedier return to duty. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the WCD by fabricating the prototype and testing its biostimulating and microbiocidal effects in vitro. In Phase II POC plans to develop and demonstrate the efficacy of a prototype wound dressing and conduct in-depth testing in an appropriate animal wound healing model, comparing the prototype dressing with a standard moisture-retentive dressing.

QUICK MED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3427 SW 42nd Way
Gainesville, FL 32608
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 379-0611
Dr. Bernd Liesenfeld
ARMY 05-131      Selected for Award
Title:Chemical Casualty Care: Wound Dressings Designed to Speed Wound Closure Following Debridement of Cutaneous Vesicant Injuries
Abstract:QMT has technology in hand to develop a novel wound dressing that has potential to greatly enhance the rate of healing for debrided vesicant agent injuries, as well as related chronic wounds. The matrix of the dressing is based on a polyelectrolyte complex that consists of a highly absorbent anionic material (carboxymethyl cellulose, CMC) that is treated with a synthetic cationic polymer to enhance structural cohesion and to provide sustained release of a broad spectrum antibiotic (doxycycline) that also acts as an general inhibitor of metalloproteinases (MMPs and TNFa converting enzyme), which will reduce inflammation and proteases that retard wound healing. The polyelectrolyte complex matrix material is engineered to conform to the wound surface, and together with the backing layer of low moisture vapor penetration film, provide a moist wound healing environment. Further features of the dressing include controlled release of a growth factor (EGF) and antioxidants (vitamin C and E) that have been demonstrated to enhance the rate of wound healing. All ingredients are known to be robust, and the proposed dressing should have an indefinite shelf life without need for special storage conditions.

NUMERICA CORP.
PO Box 271246
Ft. Collins, CO 80527
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 419-8343
Dr. Aubrey Poore
ARMY 05-132      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Air Target Track Fusion Processing of Data from Multiple Distributed Sensors
Abstract:A key element in the mission of the United States Armed forces is the ability to identify and track multiple objects of concern and to then coordinate forces to take appropriate action. To this end, the use of multiple sensors on multiple platforms greatly enhances this tracking and identification capability. Thus, the overall goal of this program is to develop a network-centric class of multiple frame data association methods (MFA/MHT) that achieves the quality and performance of a centralized MFA/MHT tracker, that achieves a Single Integrated Air Picture (SIAP) across a network of platforms, and that manages communication loading, even in challenging and anomalous conditions. The success of this program depends on solving a host of technical problems associated with network tracking. Numerica proposes the adaptation of its Network MFA tracker to the IAMD benchmark and the use of the IAMD benchmark metrics to demonstrate its performance in challenging conditions such as communication delays and biases. Simulation studies will be performed to identify issues associated with the degradation in performance as communication delays and biases vary. Solutions to these and other issues will be proposed.

DATA RESEARCH & ANALYSIS CORP.
1555 King St., #300
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 299-0700
Mr. Leigh Yu
ARMY 05-133      Selected for Award
Title:Object Oriented Repository for Data Structures
Abstract:The end-product of this solicitation is the development of an Object Oriented Repository; for Phase I, a requirements specification of the Repository is to be delivered. Key to this development are considerations for performance, both in inserting and retrieving information from the Repository. Secondary considerations include flexibility, security, and robustness among other qualities. Unlike relational databases which have produced query optimizations based on the underlying relational algebra implemented in the data manipulation language, Object Oriented databases have so far lacked that foundation and as a result, performance suffers. To develop the specifications for the Repository, we propose an investigation of the state of the art, including academic approaches to formalism equivalent to the relational algebra. Approaches to be considered include the Monoidal Comprehension Calculus, Encore Query Algebra, and AQUA. In addition to query optimization, different approaches to data storage models are also evaluated for improved performance. Storage models are interrelated with the query model, but operate closer to the physical storage level of the database.

TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC.
10201 Lee Highway, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 267-6742
Mr. Timothy Spafford
ARMY 05-133      Selected for Award
Title:Object Oriented Repository for the Management of Systems, Software, and Modeling and Simulation Data Structures
Abstract:As the complexity and size of technological systems grows and subsystems become more specialized, the amount of design information that needs to be captured, managed and put into use increases. No single individual can adequately comprehend the sheer magnitude of this data requiring the use of databases and automated tools within each domain of the process and stovepiped environments. An integrated approach is needed by which experts in each domain can continue to use their specialized tools but which also provides comprehensive cross-domain data sharing, inter-domain traceability, multi-domain information and asset configuration management and analysis; and which fosters collaborative development. Today, the need for an integrated approach has increased as the focus of architectures has shifted from developing each individual system to developing capabilities and the information that shapes and informs concept development and decision making. The Army is developing entirely new organizations, systems and functional architectures; converting units to new configurations; modernizing the force; developing System of Systems Architectures (SoSA) and Family of Systems Architectures (FoSA) that comprise combat systems and complimentary systems to include embedded training, personnel, medical and logistics systems. Individual architectures require collaborative development, consideration of joint interoperability requirements, and cross Service boundary vertical and horizontal integration. A common, object oriented repository and open collaboration effort are required to facilitate the development of a coherent Army-wide architecture development. The solution is the creation of a "super-context" in which all data from all tools may reside. An extensible, open super-context provides a natural means for interrelating data between architectures. In this manner, the data from various projects can become part of a larger project that has a complete scope.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Debasis Sengupta
ARMY 05-134      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Improved Performance, Low Toxic Hypergolic Fuel for Replacing Monomethylhydrazine
Abstract:Monomethylhydrazine (MMH) is a widely employed fuel in hypergolic, bipropellant systems. Negative aspects of this fuel are its high toxicity and carcinogenic effects. Although gelling of fuel has solved many technical problems, its toxicity and carcinogenic nature is still a major concern. The task of developing a replacement fuel for MMH is constrained to those compounds that maintain or improve all performance characteristics, dovetail into existing infrastructure, while reducing the toxicity and health risks. The proposed work aims at modeling-guided design and development of replacements for MMH. This strategy will significantly reduce the time and cost for development of new hypergolic fuels by predicting their chemical and physical properties at the earliest stage of development. In Phase I, high fidelity molecular-modeling techniques will be applied to identify candidates for MMH replacement by computing their density, vapor pressure, heat of formation, specific and density impulse. The Phase I option program will focus on prediction of toxicity, freezing point and ignition delay time. At the end of Phase I, at least three candidate fuels will be selected for further consideration based on their chemical and physical properties. In Phase II, the selected candidates will be synthesized or purchased, if available, and tested in both liquid and gelled form to examine their performance in small-scale rocket engines under consideration at Northrop Grumman, Aerojet and Orbitec.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Dr. Harris Gold
ARMY 05-134      Selected for Award
Title:Reduced Toxicity Liquid Fuel for Gel Bi-Propulsion Systems
Abstract:Rocket propulsion systems are used by many branches throughout the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Current thrusts within the United States Army have led to increased interests in the use of gel bi-propulsion systems due to the performance, safety, and logistical advantages they present over liquid and solid propellant systems. In this Phase I SBIR program, Infoscitex Corporation, in collaboration with Molecular Knowledge Systems, Inc., proposes the development of a reduced toxicity liquid fuel for gel bi-propulsion systems to address toxicity and carcinogenicity concerns with monomethyl hydrazine. The Phase I effort will focus on the use of computational methods to generate candidate fuel alternatives and predict physical properties. Based on candidate rankings, preliminary property and toxicity characterization will be performed on selected materials. As a result of the Phase I program, the United States Army will be provided with a list of candidate materials supported both by mathematical predictions and preliminary laboratory evaluations.

PROPAGATION RESEARCH ASSOC.
1220 Kennestone Circle, Suite E
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 795-8181
Ms. Susan F. Dugas
ARMY 05-135      Selected for Award
Title:Optimized State Estimation Algorithms for Fast Hit-to-Kill Engagement
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) introduces two innovative algorithms to reduce fire control and missile filter transients in short time-of-flight guided missile engagements. A class of Smoothed Iterated Filters is developed as a more efficient implementation of the forward-backward filter and is shown to significantly reduce the impact of filter transients due to initialization error. PRA proposes a Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) algorithm that is computationally efficient and minimizes filter transients. PRA also proposes to investigate the utility of other approaches such as Levinson Auto-Regression and use of external fire control radar data uplinked to the missile to provide improved filter initial states which, in combination with the Smoothed Iterated Filter and/or MLE, will achieve even more reduction in filter transient response. Basically, filter transients are a function of the accuracy of the initial parameters of a filter. For the Kalman filter, the initial parameters consist of a state vector and a covariance matrix. The Smoothed Iterated Filters and MLE provide algorithms that improve the initial state and covariance estimates using the available measurements onboard the missile interceptor. Also, using external data that can be uploaded to the missile either pre-launch or post-launch has the potential to improve filter initialization.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Jonathan Graf
ARMY 05-136      Selected for Award
Title:Amorphous Soft-Core Processor for Hardware Anti-Tamper
Abstract:The loss of technological advantage due to the tamper and reverse engineering of digital computing hardware is a growing concern for the United States Army. Active and passive anti-tamper mechanisms, such as epoxy resins, connoisseur coating, VLSI circuit layout obfuscation, chemical-mechanical planarization, power and voltage variation detection circuits, tamper sensors, and data remanence solutions, have been employed in recent years with varied effectiveness. The static nature of the underlying hardware makes tamper attack methods quickly definable and limited only by the equipment, expertise, and time available the attacker. For the U.S. Army, the attacker might be a well-funded foreign government for whom equipment, finances, and personnel are not significantly limited. Methods need to be developed that significantly increase the cost and complexity of an effective attack. Luna Innovations will develop an amorphous soft-core processor as a hardware tamper-resistance solution for FPGAs. The focus will be on developing hardware anti-tamper protection for FPGAs because their unique run-time reconfigurable characteristics will enable novel hardware anti-tamper protections. Since FPGAs are now capable of general purpose computing, digital signal processing, high-speed encryption, and high-performance custom computing, a successful FPGA-based anti-tamper technique would have far-reaching applications to a myriad of Army computing systems.

THE ATHENA GROUP, INC.
3424 N.W. 31st Street
Gainesville, FL 32605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 371-2567
Dr. Jonathon D. Mellott
ARMY 05-136      Selected for Award
Title:Hardware-Based Anti-Tamper Techniques
Abstract:To meet the challenge of preventing or delaying the reverse engineering or compromise of U.S. developed technologies embedded in U.S. Army weapon systems, Athena proposes a comprehensive framework for the design of custom single-chip secure processors. This framework will enable designers to rapidly and cost-effectively produce secure, custom system-on-a-chip processors, as well as design collateral necessary for security certification of each custom secure processing solution. This will effectively remove the barriers to implementing secure processing for the majority of defense electronics applications. In Phase I, Athena will implement the described design framework and produce a hardware prototype of a secure processor using the framework.

QUANTERION SOLUTIONS
811 Court St.
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-0097
Mr. Seymour Morris
ARMY 05-137      Selected for Award
Title:Long Term Missile Aging Reliability Prediction for Lead-Free Solder Interconnects
Abstract:Because lead is a toxic metal, uses of it that affect the environment are a health risk. Less widely known than paint, gasoline, and batteries is the significant concern associated with ground water leaching of lead-based solder from electronics disposed of in landfills. Although many states have legislation regarding becoming lead-free, the US aerospace industry is, to some extent, being swept along with the international lead-free movement. The AMRDEC is faced with the problem of reliability-over-time, because its missiles are stored for years. Its Stockpile Reliability Programs (SRP) have maintained the necessary levels of reliability at an affordable cost. Now, with the transition to lead-free connections, a whole new set of challenges arises because their reliability is unknown. AMRDEC, as part of the TCG for "Predictive Materials Aging and Reliability," is developing tools to help in the SRP process. Sandia is using finite element analysis to simulate the effects of input variables of the solder characteristics and the environmental stresses over time to identify damage to the lead-free solder joints. This Phase I effort will take the Sandia results and expand them into a reliability prediction tool that can be used in trading-off parameters in making SRP decisions for missiles.

MATERIALS SYSTEMS, INC.
543 Great Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 486-0404
Mr. Barry Robinson
ARMY 05-138      Selected for Award
Title:Near Net Shape Forming of AlON or Spinel
Abstract:This program will establish a low-cost aluminum oxynitride (AlON) process capable of producing windows and domes for Joint Common Missile and other seeker applications. The program will achieve lower window production cost through net-shape or near-net shape forming of the ceramic window blank to reduce the time and effort required for grinding and polishing domes to the final dimensions. Using MSI's existing AlON powder production and densification processes, novel wet-forming processes that are known to be compatible with high volume manuifacturing, such as injection molding, will be evaluated for green dome forming to near net shape. Production cost savings will be confirmed by polishing Phase I dome samples and estimating full scale production costs based on MSI's established cost models.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Mr. Thomas Mroz
ARMY 05-138      Selected for Award
Title:Near Net Shape Forming of Spinel Hemispherical Domes
Abstract:The current method for producing dome blanks for multimode optics is to spray dry powders, followed by isopressing around metal mandrels. Yield losses during spray drying, and excess material requirements in the pressing step represent a significant portion of the final part cost. Unfortunately, few opportunities are available to minimize these losses. Slurry casting processes represent an alternative to isopressing, and in the case of hemispherical domes, are particularly well suited. Both slip casting and gel casting provide the opportunity to prepare domes at near-net shape with minimal yield loss. To date, spinel has been particularly difficult to cast, however, due to its fine particle size. Identification of a suitable dispersion system for spinel that supports casting, despite the particular issues related to the material, is the key to developing this new, more efficient processing route. We propose herein to develop a casting method suitable for producing hemispherical domes of suitable optical quality from spinel powders. Our efforts build on current capabilities for dispersing spinel in preparation for dry processing of lenses, domes and windows. Both slip and gel casting will be investigated in Phase I, with one process selected for further development in Phase II.

M4 ENGINEERING, INC.
2161 Gundry Avenue
Signal Hill, CA 90755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 981-7797
Dr. Myles Baker
ARMY 05-139      Selected for Award
Title:Development of a Coupled Environment Code for Design Optimization of Missile Radomes
Abstract:todo

SATCON TECHNOLOGY CORP.
27 Drydock Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 897-2435
Dr. Leo Casey
ARMY 05-140      Selected for Award
Title:High Temperature Packaging Technology for Semiconductors
Abstract:SatCon proposes to develop semiconductor packaging technology for the -65/+300C temperature range. The goal is reliable operation while permitting high device temperature and wide temperature cycles, a particular challenge for existing Power and RF packaging techniques which are suited to the -40/+150C range. While there are many issues to study further in the Phase I portion of the program, we will build on experience we already have with Wide Band Gap devices and in hi-rel and high-temperature packaging. Our approach is based on: Minimization of number/types of materials Use of materials stable at high temperatures Near-perfect matching of thermal expansions, including :metal conductor layers Use of multiple parallel die to minimize interface stresses, relative to single large die Complete elimination of bond wires through use of bump-bonding (flip-chip), compression packaging and other advanced techniques. SatCon has active SiC packaging and applications programs and strong working relationships with the major suppliers (Northrop, Cree & SemiSouth have all endorsed this proposal). We have the facilities, knowledge and personnel to undertake this program through the completion of Phase II and relationships in the Wide Band Gap, Defense and Hi-Rel Industries that will enable us to commercialize the results.

SIENNA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
19501 144th Avenue NE, Suite F-500
Woodinville, WA 98072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 485-7272
Dr. Ender Savrun
ARMY 05-140      Selected for Award
Title:A Reliable Aluminum Nitride High Temperature Electronic Package for High Power Devices
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop an AlN ceramic package that will facilitate the operation of high power SiC devices at temperatures greater than 300C. Processes to assemble the components into a hermetically sealed package will be identified and developed. We will develop a novel die attach to overcome thermal stress failures, and a robust monometallic gold wire bonding capable of reliable operation above 300C possibly up to 600C. Test vehicles will be fabricated and used to evaluate the high temperature stability of the material systems to be used in the package construction.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Scott K. Ralph
ARMY 05-141      Selected for Award
Title:Fusion Algorithm Creation for Advanced Detection via Evolution (FACADE)
Abstract:Sensor technology has recently advanced to the point where it is has become quite feasible to use multiple sensor modalities on the same platform. However, methods for intelligently fusing the data from the disparate sensors into a more descriptive form have proven illusive. Fusion of features not requiring co-registration of the image data is obviously beneficial; however, it is still an open problem as to which features are useful for ATR tasks and also sufficiently stable to fuse across sensor modalities. We present a set of candidate features for electro optic, infrared, and LADAR images that are then fused. These features include: spin images computed at 3D feature points, vertical surface features, Gabor functions, and scale-space features. We outline a method by which an evolutionary algorithm takes ATR training data and its associated ground truth to discover an optimal fusion for a set of candidate features, given the desires set forth by the decision-maker (such as desired point on ROC curve). We discuss an evaluation plan for determining which candidate features are most suitable for fusing. Additionally, we explore an optional scale-space based image registration allowing pixel-to-pixel fusion to also be performed.

SYSTEM DYNAMICS
9116 SW 51st Road, Suite 102
Gainesville, FL 32608
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 371-8035
Mr. Kevin J. Shortelle
ARMY 05-141      Selected for Award
Title:Feature Based Sensor Fusion Using Evolutionary Algorithms
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I program is directed at developing and testing a feature-based system that exploits Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) technology to fuse data for several battlefield sensors. The sensor-fused system will accept feature vectors extracted from different sensor images and output a target identification decision with a high probability of correct identification. The EA approach represents an innovative structure for both improving Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) performance and streamlining computations associated with model-based (i.e., template-based) techniques. The approach utilizes proven EA software that has been developed and successfully implemented for other ATR applications for the Air Force and Army. The research will focus on electro-optic sensors, but will also encompass relatively long wavelength sensors, such as millimeter wave (MMW) that provide a relative degree of weather penetration but at the expense of resolution in the image, as well as synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors that provide good resolution and have excellent weather penetration.

AEGIS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 876-7457
Dr. Milan Buncick
ARMY 05-142      Selected for Award
Title:Development of an Ultra-Fast Optical Beam Scanner for Tactical Laser Radar (LADAR) Seeker
Abstract:Optical scanners are used to control the position of a light beam in one or more orthogonal spatial dimensions. There is a strong need to develop seeker with increased ability to track and engage multiple fleeting targets at increased range. Optomechanical scanners and scanners based on liquid crystals (LC) can effectively scan laser beams but they have limited scanning speeds. voltage, optical beam scanner is needed for future tactical missile seekers. We propose to use the superprism effect to produce an all-electronic beam steering device. We propose that instead of changing the angle of incidence of the incident light to achieve large deflections, a change in the band structure by the electro-optic (EO) effect in a PBG structure fabricated from high-performance EO polymers can cause changes in the propagation direction of the light. Beam steering by using EO materials would be very useful, especially because the intrinsic response speed of the EO effect is know to be in the GHz range. EO steering also opens up the possibility of local control of dispersion surfaces by applying local electric fields resulting in local beam steering of parts of the beam.

GENERAL OPTO SOLUTIONS, LLC
1366 Ridge Master Drive
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7666
Ms. Claire (Fang) Luo
ARMY 05-142      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Ultra-Fast, Low grating lobe Optical Beam Scanners for Laser Radar (LADAR) Seeker
Abstract:In order to track fast moving targets, increase missile cruising speed, and improve scanning resolution, higher performance (including faster scanning speed and better spatial resolution) laser radar (LADAR) seekers are critically needed. Thus, the objective of our proposed effort is to develop a next generation, high performance LADAR seeker that not only has a fast scanning speed (up to ns range), lower grating lobes, and a small footprint but also is cost effective. The unequally spaced phased array technique will be harnessed to realize this low grating lobe, fast speed optical beam scanning. Furthermore, a unique array of optical delay lines will be developed to increase the repetition rate of the laser pulses so that one can maintain the spatial resolution per scanned frame while having an increased scanning speed. This repetition rate increaser is important for reducing the cost and risk of developing and installing new laser systems. The new optical beam scanner developed under this project will significantly enhance the performance of the LADAR seeker used in tactical missiles. It will also provide an effective scanning tool for a variety of civilian applications such as large size display, free space communications et al.

ANALATOM, INC.
562 Weddell Drive, Suite 4
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 734-9392
Mr. Benjamin Caldwell
ARMY 05-143      Selected for Award
Title:Three Dimensional Imaging for Missile Damage Assessment
Abstract:A three-dimensional diagnostic/prognostic imaging system that is specifically designed for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is proposed. Core to the system under development is attention to the data that is produced, and ensuring that it is optimized for the purpose of prognostics. To this aim as much attention is paid to the system that collects the data as to the algorithms that analyze the data. A family of MEMS based sensors can provide both strain and corrosion measurement in a package a few mils thick that can be embedded during the motor casing fiber winding process for missile damage assessment. The unique strain measurement sensor is capable of separately measuring pure strain as well as bending all in one sensor. This unique capability in a micro sensor allows the direct measurement of both shear faults as well as impact damage. The corrosion micro sensor is a proven design being evaluated for application on laminated structures on new weapon systems. The combination of these two measurements (strain and corrosion) can provide data during the manufacturing process to assure that the parts are free from faults.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 272-3969
Dr. Lee Goldman
ARMY 05-144      Selected for Award
Title:Application of an Infrared Transmitting Dielectric to Concave Spherical Surfaces
Abstract:The dome for the Joint Common Missile (JCM) program is required to have a patterned metal mesh buried between inner and outer dielectric layers. Surmet has worked closely with the Army and Lockheed Martin to produce prototype domes by bonding inner and outer shells of ALON or Spinel together. The purpose of the proposed effort is to develop a more affordable dome by replacing the inner dome shell with an inexpensive dielectric layer, resulting in a more affordable dome. The dielectric layer must also be compatible with MRF, in order to achieve very tight wavefront requirements of the JCM program. Several candidate dielectric materials will be evaluated during the phase I effort. The most promising candidate will be selected to produce a prototype domelet for evaluation. Scale up to a full sized (7-in diameter, nearly hemispherical dome) would take place during the Phase II effort.

ANALATOM, INC.
562 Weddell Drive, Suite 4
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 734-9392
Mr. Benjamin Caldwell
ARMY 05-145      Selected for Award
Title:Data Mining for Integrated Structural Health Management of Missiles
Abstract:In this project we propose to make a unique and complete data mining system, specifically developed for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Even more particular about the system is the way it is aimed at vehicles and other structures that form fleets as they are procured in the Army. In the project the integrity of the data is weighted to be as important as the algorithms that mine the data. As such the complete system will be developed and `off the shelf' analysis techniques avialble in many commercial database software will be employed. From the onset this project aims to ensure that the envisaged system addresses the real practical issues of a complete system. All aspects of detail such as format, data types and stamping are addressed. The project proposes to use a well-developed system of sensors, nodes, local and global databanks to provide the data for the analysis/mining. Data form the sensors will be analyzed on the nodes and all redundant data immediately removed. This aims to reduce bandwidth. Additionally, the nodes will be enabled to provide early warning of system failures such as leak or impact detection. This will provide on the ground staff with immediate and practical information.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Mr. Matthew E. Thomas
ARMY 05-146      Selected for Award
Title:Development and Validation of a Model for Gelled Hypergolic Reactions
Abstract:A model that characterizes the flow patterns within gelled hypergolic reaction chambers, and its rigorous validation with prior and current engine development data, is proposed. Phase I modeling will leverage recent breakthroughs associated with hypergolic gel combustion stochastic turbulent dispersion, droplet breakup and a heuristic collision and evaporation methodology. During Phase I a reduced finite rate chemical reaction mechanism for MMH/IRFNA and DMAZ/IRFNA combustion will be conceived. In addition, the heuristic collision model currently in place for hypergolic gelled and ungelled combustion will be replaced with a group interaction stochastic approach. The properties of carbon-loaded MonoMethyl Hydrazine (MMH) fuel gel and Inhibited Red Fuming Nitric Acid (IRFNA) oxidizer gel associated with the Future Missile Technology Integration (FMTI) program will be used to compare the predictions of the conceptual model to experimental results. A second validation effort will be completed using liquid DiMethylAminoethylaZide (DMAZ) and liquid IRFNA data. Prediction of ignition delay time for both propellant combinations using Phase I validation will include existing Army test data. During the Option program detailed design of a test chamber capable of characterizing the spray formation and interfacial tensions associated with gelled and ungelled propellant combinations of interest to the Army will be prepared. Phase II will focus on detailed model refinement and validation using benchmark quality data from a customized test rig. The will be capable of considering both loaded and unloaded fuels.

ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP.(ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5000
Dr. Martin Chiaverini
ARMY 05-146      Selected for Award
Title:Hypergolic Gelled Propellant Reaction Model
Abstract:ORBITEC and ITT/Aerotherm propose to develop an advanced model to describe the chemical reactions and ignition delay of hypergolic gelled propellants. The model consists of two primary modules: a recently developed fluid dynamic spray model, and a new chemistry module that considers the reaction kinetics of various gels. Phase I will include identification of important model parameters, conceptual model development, comparison of the model results to empirical data for MMH/IRFNA and DMAZ/IRFNA, and plans for model refinement in Phase II. Sprays of water-based gel simulates will be characterized using particle/droplet image analysis in Phase I to help validate the fluid dynamic module. The Phase I chemistry module will be developed by compiling reaction rate constants and equations for various hypergolic gelled propellants. The Phase I fluid dynamic module will consider droplet size and trajectory, surface tension, and droplet vaporization characteristics. Phase II will involve detailed model development, molecular modeling for the chemistry module, and empirical validation using hypergolic drop-on-drop testing and hot-fire testing in a liquid rocket engine.

LASERLITH CORP.
120 East Union Avenue
Bound Brook, NJ 08805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 648-8039
Dr. Zhixiong Xiao
ARMY 05-147      Selected for Award
Title:Microelectromechanical Systems Packaging
Abstract:Many standard packaging methods pose problems for high-g MEMS. Wirebonds can fail or drift electrically under high shock conditions. Wafer-level approaches may lack required strength, and impose undesirably high temperatures. The proposed project will assess failure modes for high-g MEMS devices and results will be presented in a database.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Craig S. Agate
ARMY 05-148      Selected for Award
Title:Fast Algorithms for Impact Point Prediction of Rocket, Artillery and Mortar Trajectories
Abstract:In many security operations such as protecting a military base from guerilla warfare-type attacks, there is a limited time to assess threats and take appropriate action. For example, warning soldiers of an impending mortar attack requires an early-detection system, an estimation algorithm that receives a limited number of measurements and, finally, a prediction algorithm that rapidly and accurately predicts the point of attack. While current radar technology addresses threat detection and verification, advanced estimation algorithms are needed to rapidly and accurately estimate the state of a projectile with limited observations, rendering impact point prediction as reliable as possible. Toyon Research proposes to develop algorithms that enhance existing counter-fire radar systems with trajectory prediction of the incoming projectiles. Toyon will analyze several filtering and impact point prediction algorithms and identify those algorithms that have the potential to meet the required specifications. The algorithms will be developed and analyzed in Toyon's SLAMEM simulation environment, a simulation that has extensive models of sensors, terrain, roads, buildings, ground vehicle motion, weapon trajectories, etc. Toyon will outline and execute a development path towards a realtime operational algorithm. Finally, Toyon will develop an optimization algorithm for the placement of available sensors to maximize the system performance.

EMITECH, INC.
476 Locust St., suite 5
Fall River, MA 02720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 324-0758
Dr. I. Levitsky
ARMY 05-149      Selected for Award
Title:Mid-IR, Uncooled Photodetectors Based on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:Emitech, Inc. proposes an innovative approach aimed at the development of nanoscale infrared detectors capable of operating at room temperatures in the wavelength range of 5-15 Ym. An active nanomaterial is composed from carbon nanotubes (CNTs) being in junction with the flat or nanoporous semiconductor surface. This new concept is based on the effect of reduced electron-phonon coupling in quasi one-dimensional CNTs, which considerably suppress the thermal noise and enables higher detector operational temperatures. Semiconducting CNTs are known to exhibit the inverse proportional dependence of the band gap on the nanotube diameter. Thus, the variation of the CNT diameter allows to control the detector operation range. This new approach is to gain an advantage over traditionally used II-VI and III-V bulk compounds and related nanostructures for IR detection. Simple and cost effective fabrication process combined with robust and easy to control electro-optical properties allow making CNT-based uncooled detectors large in size, onto a flexible substrate, with low noise and at low fabrication cost.

NANO CVD CO
12315 Glenfield Ave
Tampa, FL 33626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(813) 891-6440
Dr. Nikolai Kislov
ARMY 05-149      Selected for Award
Title:Uncooled Nanoscale Infrared High-Speed Sensors for Missile Seeker Applications
Abstract:There is a growing need in multi-spectral focal plane array detectors for advanced missile seekers with better target discrimination and identification. Multicolor capabilities, high detectivity, and quick response are highly important for advance infrared sensor systems. However, such photodetectors require cryogenic temperature and are expensive. Less expensive uncooled bolometric detectors have no multicolor capability and are less sensitive. NanoCVD has been selecting the approach in which the incident electromagnetic radiation is detected by nanoantennas, and small nanosensors coupled with antennas transform the electromagnetic energy into useful signals. Because of directional selectivity, cooling such detector is not required. The Phase-I objective is to demonstrate nanoscale device technology through R&D of innovative nanoscale imaging infrared devices, namely, antenna-coupled and/or dielectric rod antenna (DRA) arrays for use in medium and long wavelength infrared staring missile seekers. In Phase-II, NanoCVD will further optimize fabrication process, carry out system design, and fabricate uncooled DRA-coupled infrared detector with high-speed and multicolor capability to test validity of the analysis and predictions made in Phase-I. Successful development of uncooled nanoscale infrared high-speed sensors in accordance with the proposed effort will open up a wide range of applications ranging from missile seeker to driver's night vision enhancement.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. David B. Fenner
ARMY 05-149      Selected for Award
Title:Carbon Nanotube IR Detectors and Arrays
Abstract:The Army desires MWIR and LWIR imaging sensors for missile seekers with performance emphasis on low input power, small aperture, light weight and affordability, well beyond conventional semiconductor detectors. This Phase I proposal by PSI describes a comprehensive program to develop practical IR detection by uncooled carbon nanotube (CNT) structures that can meet the Army goals. Phase II work will do characterizations, design and fabricate 2D imaging arrays of CNT, and evaluate these with customers (military and civilian). The objectives of Phase I are to characterize individual CNT photodetectors, and evaluate synthesis and fabrication by commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) materials and protocols. Phase I will determine: type of response (photoconductive, voltaic), responsivity, spectral dependence, dark noise, and speed. Designs will exploit antenna effects of CNT. Tasks are to select a suitable form of CNT material to meet the goals, design individual test structures, secure synthesis and fabrication through vendors, and evaluate IR characteristics relative to conventional detectors. Modeling development of improvements in optical and electronic device behavior is proposed as an Option Task. Phase II will fabricate IR imaging arrays, demonstrate superior performance potential, and do the engineering for that technology.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Mr. Braxton Thomason
ARMY 05-150      Selected for Award
Title:Dynamically Obfuscating Virtual Execution Engine (DOVE)
Abstract:The United States Army is increasingly dependent on weapons platforms that rely on commercial off the shelf (COTS) hardware coupled with mission critical embedded software. Autonomous weapons platforms such as unmanned aerial reconnaissance vehicles and bomb/mine defusing robots are very effective at assisting the warfighter in countering asymmetric threats. This gives U.S. forces strategic and tactical advantages. Increased autonomy increases the risk of capture and subsequent reverse-engineering. The use of COTS hardware components makes the software much more susceptible to reverse-engineering than customized hardware. Reverse engineering a weapons platform enables an adversary to compromise the platform's mission and cost soldiers' lives. Anti-tamper (AT) and anti-reverse engineering (ARE) methods focus on sufficiently delaying or making it economically infeasible for the adversary; it is well understood that is impossible to entirely prevent re-engineering. The Dynamically Obfuscating Virtual Execution Environment (DOVE) will severely inhibit the adversary's ability to reverse engineer or tamper with weapons software in a timely manner by applying dynamic obfuscation. The dynamic obfuscation in DOVE will undermine and invalidate the software cracker's most basic assumptions about code execution and make it extremely difficult to reverse engineer or tamper with code.

ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Mr. Eric J. Dahlman
ARMY 05-150      Selected for Award
Title:Twister: An Anti-Tamper Meta-Protection Approach
Abstract:As warfare becomes more technology bound there is a growing threat of misappropriation of software that could disable or hinder US military activities. Twister provides a theoretically sound mechanism for combining anti-tamper technology in a manner that is resistant to both patching and analysis. This approach makes the individual elimination of applied protections significantly more expensive. Twister leverages a number of other ATC technologies most notably ATC's Tornado, an automatic source-code obfuscator.

ASE OPTICS
2489 Brighton Henrietta Town Line Rd.
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-0335
Dr. Damon Diehl
ARMY 05-151      Selected for Award
Title:Transmitted Wavefront Metrology of Multiple-Layer Dome Optics Using a Scanning Low-Coherence Dual Interferometer (SLCDI)
Abstract:We propose a scanning low-coherence dual interferometery system that can accurately measure the optical thickness of hemispheric optical domes used as missile windows. The system has the unique capability to measure the optical thicknesses of individual layers within domes composed of multiple materials. The optical thickness map created during the scanning process is directly related to the wavefront transmission properties of the dome.

BREAULT RESEARCH ORGANIZATION
6400 E. Grant Road, Suite 350
Tucson, AZ 85715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 721-0500
Dr. Matthew Dubin
ARMY 05-151      Selected for Award
Title:Transmitted Wavefront Metrology on Large Domes and Windows
Abstract:There is a need for economical fabrication of hemispherical missile domes. An essential, and unsolved, part of the fabrication process is the fast and accurate measurement of the transmitted-wavefront error of the dome over its full aperture. In the proposal we describe in detail two different approaches to solving the transmitted-wavefront measurement problem. Key to both approaches is an innovative optical layout such that the required null optic is small and modest cost in one case and very low-cost in the other. Additionally, both approaches use variations of existing data reduction algorithms, which minimize the development risk. One approach uses interferometry to measure the entire aperture in double-pass without stitching and is configured in a manner that is relatively insensitive to alignment of the dome to the instrument. The second approach scans a small aperture of the dome using rotary motion measuring the wavefront tilt in double-pass and then integrating the data to obtain the transmitted wavefront. The goal of the proposed work is to evaluate the expected performance of the two concepts and to select the approach most likely to meet measurement performance, ease-of-use and cost requirements.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Mr. Anthony Rozanski
ARMY 05-152      Selected for Award
Title:Frangible Penetrating Projectile Development
Abstract:The United States is increasingly involved in conflicts occurring in urban areas, with the resultant increased possibility for unwanted collateral damage, to both civilians and infrastructure, such as buildings, by projectiles that miss their intended targets. General Sciences, Incorporated (GSI) proposes to address the need for safe, effective projectiles by designing and evaluating several versions of reactive projectiles that will have a pre-determined lifetime before self-destruct so as to prevent damage downrange given a miss on target. GSI will investigate several different approaches in the design of this type of projectile, including concepts involving high density modified metal composites and other concepts which will provide enhanced penetration of RAM cases and enhanced destruction of the target contents.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Dr. John Engel
ARMY 05-153      Selected for Award
Title:Battlefield Enviornment Laser Radar Modeling Tool
Abstract:Due to advances in technology and decreasing costs, LADAR systems are becoming a more common tactical element of Future Combat Systems. This presents a need for developing approaches and processes that optimally exploit the use of LADAR sensors in the battlefield environment. Models and simulations of sensor performance in realistic scenarios are essential tools for developing these utilization processes. Aret Associates proposes to develop a flexible, user-friendly modeling and simulation tool for high-fidelity LADAR performance assessments in a battlefield environment. This standalone software application will operate on standard PC platforms and will feature optimized C++ code designed around a modular architecture that supports high fidelity models with user-selectable fidelity/speed trade-offs. The simulation will feature realistic models of battlefield obscurants and clutter, such as fog, rain, smoke and foliage. It will provide the capability to conduct trade studies involving target acquisition performance including the effects due to weather, countermeasures, and battlefield obscurants and clutter. Performance measures such as range error and signal-to-noise ratio will be calculated. The tool will prove valuable for analyzing the effectiveness of LIDAR sensors in tactical UAV and missile systems, for example.

WAVEFRONT RESEARCH, INC.
616 West Broad Street
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 974-8977
Mr. Thomas A. Mitchell
ARMY 05-154      Selected for Award
Title:Smaller, Lighter, Cheaper: An F/0.9 Compact Un-Cooled MWIR + LWIR Dual-Band Imager
Abstract:The primary goals of this Phase I effort are to investigate, develop, and characterize a series of compact, lightweight, MWIR + LWIR dual-band imaging sensors enabled by an optically fast innovative design form and to develop an opto-mechanical waveband selection system to allow the user the capability to select between the MWIR only, LWIR only, and full BBIR spectral wavebands. The optical and mechanical properties of these systems, including light gathering capability, spatial resolution, optical distortion, and other system parameters will be modeled and characterized. It is a further goal to identify an appropriate choice for a broadband MWIR + LWIR un-cooled detector and its accompanying electronics package for use in the feasibility demonstration system that will be fabricated and characterized in the Phase II effort.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mr. John Player
ARMY 05-155      Selected for Award
Title:Electroactive Polymer Based Strategically Tuned Absolutely Resilient Structures (STARS)
Abstract:There is a need for a new generation of aerodynamic structures that have greater flight envelope capabilities with significantly better efficiency and damage recovery characteristics but yet are still cost effective to manufacture. Several attempts have been made to make more revolutionary advances in aerodynamic structures in the last decade. Significant funding has been made available through DARPA, NASA and the Air Force in the Smart and Morphing Wing programs leading to innovative new concepts as well as successful initial demonstrations. However, none of these programs have integrated the full range of innovative characteristics requested by the Army and MDA in this topic. Infoscitex (IST) is proposing to address this opportunity by developing a novel integrated materials system that can enable aircraft-realistic structurally tuned absolutely resilient structures (STARS). IST is developing a novel electroactive polymer resin system that will allow the incorporation of intrinsic aeroelastic and self healing properties into carbon fiber prepreg. This new material can then be actuated and shaped with modest power requirements substantially reducing the weight that would otherwise be required by conventional flight control mechanisms. Team member, Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems, will be providing guidance in the design phase of the Phase I program.

NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS
2780 Skypark Drive, Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8636
Dr. Terrisa Duenas
ARMY 05-155      Selected for Award
Title: Next Generation of Agile Self-Healing Strategically Tuned Resilient Composites (NASSTIC)
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics, a company known for morphing structures development and has core competency in multifunctional structures proposes a novel combination of load carrying morphing and self-healing composite structures. For the proposed research on highly resilient, damage tolerant, fatigue resistant self-healing morphing structures, NextGen team's strength lies in the related prior work, in-depth understanding of morphing and tuned compliant structures, self-healing polymers, and advanced composites as well as an established history transferring R&D efforts into higher technology readiness levels (TRLs) for integration onto military platforms. NextGen will team with Dr. Ajit Mal of UCLA to incorporate his work on thermally re-mendable cross-linked polymer materials. We will define a morphing and self-healing structural concept with traceability to a system level application in Phase I. We will demonstrate the feasibility of concept by coupon level testing and a component level testing in Phases I and II, respectively. Feasibility of the concept including energy conversion efficiency, material and manufacturing costs, self healing requirements and reliability of the structure. We will also address technology transition issues such as cost benefit analysis, suitability of manufacturing process for production, as well as cost/yield analysis.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Tin Aye
ARMY 05-156      Selected for Award
Title:Affordable Multimode Seeker Dome Integration Technology
Abstract:To address the Army need for technology to cost-effectively manufacture multilayer domes for multimode seeker applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Layered Affordable Multimode seeker Dome Assembly (LAMDA) technology. This technology includes a specially selected solventless, low-viscosity, two-component epoxy as a bonding material and a tool - Accurate Laser Dynamic Dome Integrating (ALADDIN), to be a developed implanating bonding of the two layers of the seeker dome together with using dynamic mechanical support under pressure at elevated temperature between the layers. The precision of bonding the layer is monitored in real-time with a laser sensor. The process cost-effectively integrates domes for tri-mode seekers, combining infrared imaging sensors, lasers, and millimeter-wave sensors/radar. Its advantages are low manufacturing cost, resulting from high yield and a simple process; automation of the process; and fewer steps. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the technology by assembling a batch of two-layer structures, designing the ALADDIN tool, and assembling and experimentally testing it. In Phase II POC plans to finalize development of automated tooling for spherical shapes and to demonstrate a prototype of the assembly.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Mr. Thomas Mroz
ARMY 05-156      Selected for Award
Title:Novel, Low Cost Fabrication Method for Multiseeker Domes with Integrated Metal Grid
Abstract:The current method used to produce domes for multimode seeker optics is to bond dome shells together with specialized adhesives following metal gridding on one inner surface. This is an expensive and time consuming process, and is not particularly suited to manufacturability. In particular, redundant machining steps are required to facilitate maximum optical transmission in this design. Additionally, the use of an organic bonding agent introduces a potential weak point in the design, because of concerns over optical, thermal cycling and/or aging issues. We propose herein a method by which a composite dome can be produced using a ceramic bonding agent. This technology would eliminate redundant machining steps and eliminate concerns related to organic bonding agents. Additionally, the envisioned process steps follow on existing ceramic production methods that are currently employed in production processes in other industries.

VISTALLER TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1231 Norman Place
Los Angeles, CA 90049
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 472-0923
Ms. Margaret C. Chiang
ARMY 05-157      Selected for Award
Title:Real-Time Panoramic Viewer
Abstract:Vistaller Technologies, Inc. proposes a Phase I project to carry out the research aimed at developing a novel real-time panoramic video viewer for live tele-immersive applications. The overall goal of this effort is to establish the feasibility of two different novel panoramic video viewers that can present panoramic videos in a real-time, live fashion. In our systems, the computational bottleneck is removed by replacing most of the computational procedures by optical procedures. This elimination of the computational bottleneck enables the viewer to be live, real-time, and low cost. Furthermore, the viewer has the same large FOV of the imager. Both the size of the viewing room and the focal point of the system can be varied without changing either the horizontal or the vertical FOV. This leads to quick and easy setup and low operating cost of the system. These advantages combined promise a simple, yet powerful, wireless real-time panoramic video imaging and viewing system that can be made at lost cost in compact sizes to allow deployment in the battle field, in addition to many other military and civilian applications.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5245
Dr. Vikram Manikonda
ARMY 05-158      Selected for Award
Title:An Integrated and Extensible Cost Evaluation and Simulation System
Abstract:We propose an innovative cost evaluation methodology for missile development and manufacturing, based on an integrated cost model, a plug-and-play software architecture, and a distributed infrastructure of computation and simulation. Our methodology has three unique contributions. First, our integrated cost model is a systematical approach that utilizes the most-updated cost data and selects the right cost model for each individual component based on the available parameters and historical data. Second, the plug-and-play architecture provides the flexibility and extensibility for the cost model library so that the cost models developed in the future can be easily involved. Third, our distributed infrastructure will enable our system to be easily integrated with AMRDEC distributed architecture through remote interfaces, and furthermore provide a framework to conduct cost evaluation and simulation using distributed computation. The ultimate objective of this proposal is the creation of a cost evaluation system that can be placed on the web to enable wide accessibility and continuous improvement.

NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS
2780 Skypark Drive, Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8374
Dr. Akhilesh K. Jha
ARMY 05-158      Selected for Award
Title:Cost and Weight Optimization of a Missile Using a Genetic Algorithm
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics and TeamVision Corporation propose developing a Cost Estimation Module in order to incorporate cost data at the design stage of a product development. The Cost Estimation Module which will have three main functionalities: 1) grouping the components of a system in the two major categories (parts made from machining process and commercially available parts), 2) Estimate the cost of milling parts based upon material, size, machining process, tolerance, surface finish, complexity of features, and tooling time, and setup time, and 3) Find the list of commercially available parts that conforms to the given specifications and present its cost, vendor list, weight, grade level, and volume. Therefore, Cost Estimation Module will be product specific because, it is impossible to conceive a list of universally applicable cost functions. For example, cost of the parts involved in building a missile would be very different from that of a refrigerator. However, the goal will be to develop a generic architecture, which can be easily adopted for different types of product with some extra investment. In Phase I and II efforts, we will focus primarily on the missile design. Further effort will be made to include the Cost Estimation Module with the ongoing structural design optimization. To this end, the Cost Estimation Module will provide the options available to the Optimization Module. Using a genetic algorithm-based search, Optimization Module will come up design alternatives that will be fed to the Analysis Module, which will find out the performance of the system. Optimization will simultaneously be performed on the performance (e.g. weight) and cost of the final product. The module developed during this work will have its functionalities exposed via Application Programming Interfaces so that it can be easily connected with other programs. We will exploit the parallel architecture of a genetic algorithm to distribute the tasks over a networked computer operating on different platforms. This will lead to making the modules platform-independent. To this end, we will use Python to develop cross-platform compatible modules.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Mr. Donald C. Kenzakowski, Jr.
ARMY 05-159      Selected for Award
Title:Optimized Numerics for Missile Aero-Propulsive Flow Modeling on Massive Clustered Computational Resources
Abstract:High-fidelity flowfield simulations of US Army interest for tactical and hypersonic missile aeropropulsive applications require replacement of simplified modeling approximations with more accurate but complex formulations. These improvements have incurred significant computational cost through use of higher-order numerics, dense computational meshes, and advanced turbulent and thermochemistry models with disparate time-scales that introduce additional non-linear transport equations and numerical stiffness issues. Software-based optimizations are needed to improve simulation throughput for system design parametric studies and evaluation purposes. Use of massively parallel computer clusters can extend simulation capability to 3D flowfields but alone cannot address the performance issue; innovative algorithm improvements are needed to complement available hardware resources. The opportunity presented seeks to significantly boost simulation output, without compromising accuracy, using automated dynamic load balancing techniques for parallel systems that compensate for non-uniform computational work distributions from varying physical processes (chemistry, particulate interactions) across the domain. Additionally, improved convergence algorithms are proposed to facilitate use of advanced thermochemistry and turbulence models in an efficient manner and to exploit differing time-stepping requirements through adaptive implicit algorithm selection.

PERL RESEARCH LLC
3058 Leeman Ferry Rd., Suite B
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 885-0077
Mr. Paul G. Cox
ARMY 05-160      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:A Continuous Intelligent Health-Status Monitoring Device
Abstract:Real time monitoring of patients with traumatic injuries is essential for determination of triage categories, evacuation priority, and required interventions. A portable, non-invasive monitoring device can provide significant field information for first responders and significantly improve survivability by estimating a patient's real-time status and prognosis. In order to facilitate real-time assessment of traumatic injuries, PERL Research proposes the development of a noninvasive wireless portable device running an expert system for real-time, continuous estimation of a patient's health status - STAT-MON (Status Monitor). The device will be based on a configurable model of an autonomous nervous system that will be automatically configured to a given user during initial measurement, and used to track deterioration of user's state in multidimensional feature space and physiological compensation to hemorrhage. The main input to the system will be parameters of heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure, breathing, and baroreflex sensitivity. The system will be used to characterize the low-frequency oscillations (Mayer waves) of heart rate variability and blood pressure created as a result of the decreased central blood volume.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Naibing Ma
ARMY 05-160      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Physiological Signal Analyzer for Continuous Monitoring of Changes in Pulse Pressure, Heart Rate Variability, and Baroreflex Sensitivity
Abstract:To enhance the survivability of injured and wounded soldiers, the U.S. Army requires a portable, noninvasive device for continuous monitoring of changes in pulse pressure, heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity. Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Physiological Signal Analyzer (PSA) for continuous monitoring of Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV), Heart Rate Variability (HRV), and Baroreflex Sensitivity (BRS) to meet that need. Our PSA design is based on noninvasive electrocardiogram sensors and photoplethymograph, combined with wireless technology for real-time monitoring of patient status by acquiring, processing, recording, and analyzing data. With continuous real-time data provided by the PSA, the first responder will have an earlier indication of injury severity and patient status. In addition to use in prognosis and triage, the PSA generates an alarm signal if patient status begins to deteriorate and immediate life-saving intervention is necessary. Compact, lightweight, battery-powered, and easy to use, the PSA system is suitable for conditions from base hospital to remote battlefield. In Phase I POC will demonstrate PSA feasibility by developing a laboratory prototype. In Phase II POC plans to build a preproduction prototype and to test its performance in hospital trauma centers.

SARCOS RESEARCH CORP.
360 Wakara Way
Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 581-0155
Dr. Tomasz J. Petelenz
ARMY 05-161      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Development of Advanced Military Prosthetic Shoulder System
Abstract:Sarcos Research Corporation proposes to develop a high performance, ActiveShoulderTM military prosthetic system that will enable integration of upper extremity prostheses for performing, to the maximum extent possible, the basic functions of a natural arm. ActiveShoulderTM will be designed for an anatomical range of motions and physiological loads, permitting functional performance exceeding that of presently available devices. The prosthesis will be designed for gleno-humeral level (shoulder disarticulation) amputees and will enable a high level of physical activity and control. The system will consist of inter-compatible modules designed for attachment to the body and for achieving amputee-controlled motions of the humerus with required performance in terms of strength, speed, range of motion, endurance, fit and maneuverability as well as aesthetic appearance and grace of movements. Phase 1 will focus on the development of system specifications document and kinematic and dynamic analyses that will precede engineering design of the prosthesis. In Phase 1 Option, Sarcos will assemble and demonstrate the feasibility of key design features of the arm, and in Phase 2 the team will focus on the design, testing and regulatory approval of the proposed system.

CLEVELAND MEDICAL DEVICES, INC.
4415 Euclid Ave, 4th Floor
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 791-6720
Dr. Mo H. Modarres
ARMY 05-162      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Ambulatory, Miniaturized, Automatic EEG Seizure Detector
Abstract:This program will develop an ambulatory, miniaturized, EEG acquisition/analysis device that will be capable of automatic and real-time detection of seizure activity including non-convulsive status epilepticus. The miniaturized EEG device, based on CleveMed's state-of-the art ambulatory EEG technology, measures 1.3" x .9" x .3" and weighs a mere .42 oz. Convenient and fast EEG acquisition is achieved by an elastic headband with attached physiological no-preparation "dry" electrodes. The EEG analysis and automatic seizure detection algorithms will be based on a novel combination of two high-resolution and computationally efficient seizure identification/prediction techniques that are currently being finalized in our company supported by separate grants from National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). The ambulatory system will also utilize the EEG artifact removal technology that is being developed under another grant from NINDS. A computationally efficient implementation of these algorithms will be embedded in the PDA which will display the raw EEG as well as a continuously updated "Seizure Detection Index". The developed system will be evaluated at the Neurology department of the Cleveland Clinic with pre-recorded seizure data from epileptic patients (using a patient simulator) as well as with actual patients undergoing long-term term EEG monitoring.

INTRAGRAPHIX, LLC
1941 East Ramona Ave
Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 440-0502
Mr. Kenneth Shane Guillory
ARMY 05-162      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Field Deployable Electroencephalogram (EEG) for Assessing Nonconvulsive Seizures
Abstract:The goal of this program is to produce a small disposable forehead patch for quickly detecting non-convulsive seizures in an unconscious patient. The patch device will include a small coin battery, surface electrodes, EEG processing electronics, and LED indicators. The patch is activated by removing the adhesive backing tab, and once applied it will display seizure status for several hours as the patient is stabilized and moved to a treatment facility.

QUANTUM APPLIED SCIENCE & RESEARCH, INC.
5764 Pacific Center Blvd, Suite 107
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-0832
Dr. Robert Matthews
ARMY 05-163      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Wearable, Low Power Ballistic Impact Detection System
Abstract:It is well known that quick medical response is crucial to effective treatment of trauma victims. A system that could alert medical personnel to ballistic impacts experienced by warfighters would greatly facilitate their treatment. Quantum Applied Science & Research, Inc. (QUASAR) proposes to build upon existing work done at Walter Reed Army Institute of Medicine (WRAIR) on ballistic impact detection with piezoelectric sensors to produce a Digital Wound Detection (DWD) system for integration into existing warfighter platforms. This system will feature sophisticated algorithms to provide information about the event such as discrimination between blast and impact, and determination whether bones are broken or exit wounds occurred. The system will be optimized for small size and low power consumption, and offer the flexibility to allow it to be integrated with future warfighter platforms. In Phase I, QUASAR would work with signal processing experts Pacific Development to define a system concept, develop algorithms for discrimination of impact events, establish hardware needs, assemble a system architecture and construct a prototype device. Phase II would consist of optimization of the system for size, power, output, and other parameters to be defined in consultation with the sponsor in order to best meet the military's needs.

SARCOS RESEARCH CORP.
360 Wakara Way
Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 581-0155
Dr. Tomasz J. Petelenz
ARMY 05-163      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Digital Wound Detection System with Novel Ballistic Impact Sensor
Abstract:Sarcos Research Corporation proposes the development of signal and data processing system for the MRMC-developed acoustic wound detector (WD) for soldiers. The data interpretation system will be capable of detecting the impact and the location of the wound and will become an integral part of a physiological monitoring system in the next generation warfighter platform. The proposed novel method of ballistic impact detection will enable an ultra-low-power, very short latency wounding detection, as well as wound location determination system. Phase 1 of the project will focus on demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed approach using a full set of available experimental data, as well as a computer based-simulation of the proposed sensor design. As the result of Phase 1 effort, initial engineering design of the proposed system will be completed. Phase 2 of the project will accomplish the full system design, prototyping, integration with the MRMC acoustic WD sensor, and testing by the Sponsor. At the conclusion of the project, the WD system will be ready for field testing and manufacturing.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Dr. Shaopeng Wang
ARMY 05-164      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Rapid Cell-based Toxicity Sensor Using Intergrated Micro Ring-resonators as Signal Transducer
Abstract:The goal of the proposed research is to develop a highly sensitive, portable, vertebrate cell-based sensor for rapid detection of toxic chemicals in water that can be used as a standalone device or can be integrated into the ESB system. The key technological innovation that will be employed is a unique photonic element called a microring resonator (MR) as signal transducer, which undergoes a measurable change in resonant wavelength when light interacts with adsorbed mass, such as a living cell. As cell volume changes rapidly upon exposure to toxic chemicals, by attaching cells to microring resonators, the volumetric change of the cells will cause refractive index changes nearby the ring resonators that can be detected very sensitively by the ring resonators. In Phase I we will construct a ring resonator testing system and conduct research on selected cell lines and monitor three different toxic chemicals in water to provide a proof of concept demonstration. This will be achieved by performing the following objectives: 1) Build a bench top microring resonator testing system, 2) Culture selected cell lines and attach these cells to the microring resonators, 3) Test the cell based microring resonator sensing system with three selected toxic chemicals

ISIS PHARMACEUTICALS
1896 Rutherford Road
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 603-2559
Dr. Ray Ranken
ARMY 05-165      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:TIGER Biosensor for Broad Viral Detection and Genetically Engineered Microbes
Abstract:We propose to adapt the TIGER universal biosensor to identify viruses present in blood samples. The advantages of the TIGER biosensor include: (1) rapid analysis of a sample; (2) a high, continuous throughput rate; (3) ability to identify and phylogenetically classify a heretofore unknown virus; (4) the power to strain-type a virus when strain specific sequence data are available for the species, and (5) ability to simultaneously identify the presence of multiple viral agents in a sample and report the quantity of each. Further, a modified TIGER protocol can also be used to detect presence of genetically modified viruses. These features make TIGER the ideal universal virus identification system for blood supply monitoring for the army. While expanding the scope of organisms routinely screened in donated blood has great value in its own right, the crucial benefit from this proposal will be to provide the army with the ability to assure the safety and security of the blood supply during rapidly developing crisis situations due to a newly emerging infectious disease or a bioterrorist attack

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 372-9535
Dr. Akhilesh Ramachandran
ARMY 05-165      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Fluorescence-based Multiplexed Universal Virus Detection Platform
Abstract:The aim of this study is to develop a multiplexed virus detection platform capable of detecting within three hours the presence of any known virus, genetically modified virus or unidentified virus, in clinical samples like serum. A PCR based technique will be employed to identify the presence of unique viral sequences. In its ultimate form, the proposed system will encompass a simple and rapid sample preparation step followed by PCR, fluorophore tagging (using a highly stable and novel amplifying fluorescent polymer), and hybridization to a virus-specific oligonucleotide microarray printed on the cap of a PCR tube. The system will also allow for the cloning and subsequent sequencing of nucleic acids to establish the presence of unknown viruses. This diagnostic platform will find applications in screening banked blood for the presence of viruses, detecting the presence of unnatural (mutated) viruses used as bio-warfare agents, and detecting the presence of latent viruses in the human system. In Phase 1 we will perform the following objectives: 1) Standardize and optimize the PCR, 2) Test and optimize the sample preparation protocol, 3) Fabricate microarrays, 4) Optimize microarray hybridization, 5) Clone and sequence PCR products, and 6) Evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the assay.

GENACO BIOMEDICAL PRODUCTS, INC.
2707 Artie Street Building 100, Suite 20
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 704-4874
Dr. Jian Han
ARMY 05-166      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Development of a "High-Throughput Molecular Differentiation Device."
Abstract:Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a well-established molecular diagnostic method. The use of PCR for molecular differential diagnosis, however, requires multiplex capability (i.e. the ability to amplify multiple pathogen targets in a single reaction). Genaco has developed a proprietary technology, Target enriched multiplex PCR (Tem-PCR), that allows for specific, sensitive, multiplex PCR and has combined it with the Luminex xMAP technology. The Luminex xMAP technology platform can detect and differentiate up to 100 molecular targets. With the integration of this platform and Tem-PCR, we have established a molecular differential diagnostic system that is capable of detecting multiple microorganisms in a rapid, single assay format. The Genaco Tem-PCR method is highly specific and sensitive and does not require post-PCR cleanup or post-hybridization washes. These features make it possible to fully automate the assays, resulting in a high-throughput system which can analyze hundreds of samples per day. In collaboration with the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Military, Genaco has already successfully developed panels for respiratory infections, encephalitis, foodborne diseases, and hospital acquired infections. For Phase I of this SBIR project, we propose to develop a system that detects up to 20 pathogens that are of military significance.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Gregory Zeltser
ARMY 05-166      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Dielectrophoretic Raman Scattering Biosensor
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a diagnostic system capable of simultaneously detecting and identifying up to 100 militarily relevant pathogens/targets, including viruses, bacteria, protozoan parasites, and rickettsia, in a single process from human blood or serum samples, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an innovative label-free and reagent-free Dielectrophoretic Raman Scattering Biosensor (DIRASBI) system. This concept is based on the integration of dielectrophoresis and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) to separate, detect, and identify the SERS fingerprint of each pathogen. The reliable, single-path, DIRASBI system will return results in ~20 minutes. Clinicians can use these results to diagnose infectious agents causing human disease. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of DIRASBI by fabricating the prototype and demonstrating its capability to detect 11 pathogens selected and provided by Walter Reed Army Institute of Research with sensitivity and specificity of >95%. In Phase II POC will optimize the DIRASBI design and performance, and demonstrate its capability to simultaneously detect and identify up to 100 pathogens/targets in a whole blood sample in a single tube. Sensitivity and specificity of the assay are expected to be >98% for a panel of 500 blind samples containing known pathogens.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Anthony Giletto
ARMY 05-167      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:A Small, Portable, and Powerless Sterilization System for Medical/Dental Instruments
Abstract:The U.S. military has a significant need to sterilize medical and dental instruments in environments where standard non-portable, power-consuming sterilization methods are limited and/or unavailable. Lynntech proposes to develop a small, light-weight, and powerless steam sterilization system for field use. The system includes small, disposable heating/cooling cartridges that exploit well-known exothermic and endothermic reactions. Once initiated, the cartridge heats the instruments to the required sterilization temperature and after the appropriate amount of time has elapsed, an endothermic cooling reaction is automatically triggered within the cartridge to cool the instruments to a usable temperature, thus minimizing sterilization cycle time. In Phase I, we will select optimal exothermic and endothermic reactions based on the weight-energy ratio, cost, safety, and environmental considerations, as well as demonstrate the sterilization of instruments inoculated with the standard FDA test organisms, B. atrophaeus and G. stearothermophilus spores. In Phase II, we will assemble a deployable prototype sterilization system optimized for performance, size, weight, and ruggedness in accordance with feedback from the COTR. The development of the system and associated experiments will be performed in accordance with FDA's 510(k) application submission requirements which will facilitate the transition of the technology to a suitable Phase III partner.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place, Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Dr. Dwight D Back
ARMY 05-167      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Demonstration and Optimization of a Self-Contained PSS
Abstract:The military has an on-going need to post troops for long periods of time in austere and remote world-wide where power and clean water are difficult to obtain. At these locations, there is still the need to disinfect and sterilize medical or dental instruments where autoclaves are not possible to carry or are logistically impractical. A light-weight, small volume, and portable device is needed to provide sterilization. An effective Portable Sterilization System (PSS) will allow surgical/dental procedures to be performed with as-sterilized instruments to enhance the medical care capabilities of far-forward and theater medical care units. A chemical method of creating the steam would eliminate the need for power and keep the total weight and volume of the sterilization device small. The chemical sterilization device must be safe and storable for one year, and environmentally friendly. The Phase I and Phase I Option will optimize the chemical system component based on steam generation kinetics, temperature control, and microorganism efficacy, and also deign and fabricate a passively operated PSS. Mainstream has successfully designed a related system for NASA's SCAPE suits. Phase II will optimize the PSS design and field test.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2331
Dr. Bryan M. Smith
ARMY 05-167      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Chemically Heated Field Autoclave
Abstract:A portable sterilizer for medical and dental instruments is needed to enhance forward medical capabilities. Because current tabletop autoclaves draw in excess of 1000 watts of electrical power, a large and heavy supporting electrical generator is needed to power the autoclave. In designing a replacement technology for field use, light weight is desired but ruggedness and low power consumption are especially important. Furthermore, as a practical matter, the Army and other Services will only use medical sterilizers registered by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), so regulatory approval must be considered early in the analysis of potential new technologies. TDA Research, Inc. therefore proposes to develop a chemically heated field autoclave that requires no external power and that will have the maximum probability of gaining FDA approval as a sterilizer for medical instruments. In Phase I, we will design the field autoclave and it's control system, then construct and test a prototype.

CHEMIMAGE CORP.
7301 Penn Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 241-7335
Dr. Charles Gardner Jr.
ARMY 05-168      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Raman Bio Identification (RBI) Robot
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of a government-validated a Raman Bio Identification (RBI) reagentless detection system that can be mounted onto a JAUS-compliant UGV and taken directly to the incident area to evaluate soil, water and surface biowarfare agent contamination. Bringing the sensor to the sample minimizes problems associated with sampling, such as cross-contamination and potential personnel exposure to hazardous chemical or biological materials. Moreover, reagentless, multi-use, broad-spectrum Raman detection offers clear advantages over immunoassay and DNA-based biological detection strategies, especially when configured for use on an unmanned vehicle. The proposed RBI Robot effort combines the unique technology capabilities of organizations that are leaders in their respective fields. As the prime contractor and a leading innovator in the field of Raman sensing for biodetection, ChemImage Corporation brings a history of success managing teams for government-funded programs. The proposed detection system builds upon ChemImage's experience and expertise developing Raman spectroscopic detection technology, which has been validated in several US Government-sponsored test programs. Applied Perception provides the solid foundation of the integration of sensors (camera, laser, sonar, radar, GPS) with sophisticated perception, planning and control software to provide robust solutions to product-driven problems.

CONJUGON, INC.
505 S. Rosa Road, Suite 29
Madison, WI 53719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 441-2794
Dr. Hideki Suzuki
ARMY 05-170      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Fundamentally New Therapeutic for the Treatment of Acinetobacter Baumannii Wound Infections
Abstract:An increasing number of infections caused by the pathogenic and multi-drug-resistant bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii has been reported in patients at military medical facilities in which service members were injured in the Iraq/Kuwait region during Operation Iraqi Freedom and in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom. Due to their drug resistance, these infections have been difficult to treat. ConjuGon is developing a fundamentally new antibacterial technology that is able to kill virtually all Gram negative pathogens, regardless of their antibiotic resistance. We have extensive in vitro and in vivo data demonstrating the ability of this technology to effectively kill multi- and pan-resistant bacteria such as A. baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ConjuGon is developing a topical antibacterial product, based on this technology, to be used to treat large wound infections such as those affecting military personnel.

RMR TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
4207 University Drive
Coral Gables, FL 33146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(813) 974-3065
Dr. Melinda Lee Lucas
ARMY 05-171      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Enhanced DNA Vaccine Delivery to Protect Against Biothreat Agents
Abstract:The long-term goal of RMR is to develop an efficient delivery platform for DNA vaccines to confer protection against infectious agents with bioterrorism potential such as Bacillus anthracis. Safe and effective vaccines for B. anthracis are needed to prevent the mortality associated with anthrax in the absence of rapid diagnosis and treatment. We believe that genetic vaccination provides a superior and safer method for infectious disease antigen presentation than conventional antigen-based approaches. The research proposed here will examine the effectiveness of delivering plasmid DNA encoding for spore proteins and/or protective antigen to establish a vaccine that will be a valuable resource for protecting against B. anthracis infections/outbreaks. Electroporation will be the delivery platform utilized. In addition, we will evaluate a new proprietary electrode applicator developed at the University of South Florida and exclusively licensed by RMR Technologies, LLC that can efficiently deliver DNA vaccines to the skin while significantly reducing or eliminating the discomfort associated with pulse administration.   The use of spore proteins as the candidate antigens is an important aspect to the protection conferred by this vaccine. Including PA with a spore protein could result in protection at different stages of infection, subsequently offering more complete protection from disease. 

VITAL PROBES, INC.
1300 Old Plank Road
Mayfield, PA 18433
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 281-2505
Dr. Vito DelVecchio
ARMY 05-171      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Enhanced DNA Vaccine Delivery to Protect Against Biothreat Agents
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing bacterial ghosts (BG) with internally immobilized DNA minicircles as an enhanced non-viral DNA vaccine and delivery system. Current methodologies for delivering DNA vaccines are either inefficient, do not target the appropriate cell types, contain unnecessary genetic elements or fail to elicit a protective immune response in the absence of a protein antigen boost. BG are non-living bacterial envelopes. BG deliver DNA constructs and/or protein antigens to a wide variety of cell types, including dendritic cells and macrophages and do not require the addition of adjuvant to induce an immune response. DNA minicircles contain only the necessary promoter and gene elements for a vaccine candidate protein and can be attached to the interior of BG. Both BG and DNA minicircles can be easily modified to include a mixture of different ORFs for use as a multi-agent or multi-lifestage vaccine. In this proposal, BG will be created containing immobilized DNA minicircles with the gene sequences for Bacillus anthracis Protective Antigen (PA) and the Yersinia pestis F1 capsule. Mice will undergo a scheduled vaccination scheme and subsequent antibody and cellular mediated immune responses as well as protein expression will be assessed.

SIMQUEST INTERNATIONAL LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Dr. Howard R. Champion
ARMY 05-172      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Compartment Syndrome Simulator
Abstract:Diagnosis and treatment of lower-extremity compartment syndrome following traumatic injury is of particular importance in battlefield situations like Operation Iraqi Freedom, in which improvised explosive devices cause frequent percussive fragment injury to the legs. This sequela of injury is a significant source of morbidity among U.S. forces, causing the Trauma Consultant to the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army to state that proper treatment of compartment syndrome is the number one trauma need for deployed surgeons. SimQuest herein proposes to build the first simulation system to teach medical personnel recognition and management of compartment syndrome using top-of-the-line military, civilian and technological experts. The goal of this Phase I proposal is to initiate the process by which analysis, design, construction, and evaluation of a desktop immersion system for the teaching of compartment syndrome diagnosis and treatment can be implemented. Phase II will entail development and testing of features and a validation study for objective determination of transfer of training. Designed to augment SimQuest's PC-based open surgical skills simulator, SimQuest's compartment syndrome simulator will teach the skills necessary to identify and relieve trauma-based compartment syndrome within the time constraints of field medicine.

SIMULUTION, INC.
16173 Main Avenue
Prior Lake, MN 55372
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 447-1954
Dr. Bruce D. Anderson
ARMY 05-172      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Integrated Lower Extremity Trauma Simulator
Abstract:Simulution Inc. proposes to work with Melerit Medical AB of Sweden to expand the capabilities of TraumaVision, our fractured femur simulator, to include simulation training in the diagnosis and care of lower extremity compartment syndrome. Our goal is to develop TraumaVision into an integrated lower extremity trauma simulator that allows training in realistic scenarios where compartment syndrome is coupled with other traumatic injuries. In this Phase I Program we will demonstrate the feasibility of expanding this simulator. The expanded TraumaVision simulator will be a part-task trainer that integrates physical models and virtual reality (VR) technology. The physical model will allow the trainee to palpate the leg, bend the toe and ankle joints, and check pulses to diagnose compartment syndrome without VR headsets and data gloves. The VR simulation will allow the user to make incisions, insert catheters to measure compartment pressures, and perform fasciotomies. The simulator will also integrate new technologies for treating compartment syndrome that can alleviate the need for fasciotomy. A validation assessment of the Phase I additions to TraumaVision will be completed. A didactic educational curriculum will also be outlined.

TOUCH OF LIFE TECHNOLOGIES
12635 East Montview Boulevard, Suite 100
Aurora, CO 80010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 724-0514
Dr. Karl D. Reinig
ARMY 05-172      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Compartment Syndrome Simulator
Abstract:ToLTech will design a realistic and adaptive, virtual reality based simulator for training diagnostic and surgical skills related to Compartment Syndrome. The simulator will use haptic and graphic display to give the student the experience of feeling and seeing the interaction of virtual tools, including scalpels, forceps, retractors, and fingers with the virtual patient. The simulated patients will be derived from the Visible Human and will present a variety of symptoms related to CS. Multiple modalities including x-ray, fluoroscopy, ultrasound and transparency will be used to interrogate the virtual patients. The simulator will be combined with a Mentor program that will guide and test the development of the student. This training tool can be used and reused in a learner-centered environment and utilized at the user's pace and time. A full curriculum for a wide variety of CS related scenarios will be provided in the Phase II portion of this grant. Milestone demonstrations of the fidelity of the virtual anatomy and virtual tools will be available during the Phase I portion of the grant as well. In addition, one full lesson related to diagnosis of CS will be demonstrated by the Mentor program during the phase I.

MICRO ANALYSIS & DESIGN, INC.
4949 Pearl East Circle, Suite 300
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-6947
Ms. Angelia Sebok
ARMY 05-174      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Deployment Web-Based Interface Tool
Abstract:This proposal describes the design of a web-based system for gathering, collecting, and disseminating lessons learned. The proposed system will be built with a user-centered design approach which includes interviewing users to identify problems with the current system used by Army Medical Command and defining requirements for the new system. In addition, our approach includes usability testing and iterative prototype design, to ensure an effective solution. The new system will include web-based tools allowing users to easily and securely enter and access information. A main feature of the proposed system is the use of a fully-automated machine-learning technique called Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) to facilitate information searches. This technique allows users to find information that is related in meaning rather than keywords. Our proposed approach is divided into a set of logical, progressive steps. In Phase I we will analyze the existing system, gather user requirements, and identify the database architecture. At the end of Phase I, a demonstration prototype will be delivered. The Phase I Option will be used for further software development planning. In Phase II, the system will be developed into a working prototype, usability tests will be performed, and a final prototype will be built.

CHLOROGEN, INC.
893 N. WARSON ROAD
ST. LOUIS, MO 63141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(314) 812-8045
Dr. David Corbin
ARMY 05-175      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Chloroplast production of hantaviral antigens for development of hantaviral infection diagnostic tests.
Abstract:The purpose of this proposed research is to develop a rapid field test system for detection of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) infection in humans and rodents using a lateral-flow immunoassay. This assay will have a broad technical impact in that it can be used in animal laboratories interested in ascertaining if their mice or rats have hantavirus (validation), in clinical laboratories in outbreak areas around the globe, in military settings where soldiers are at high risk for exposure, in the evaluation of vaccines for clinical trials for human use, and finally in research laboratories focused on epidemiology or ecology of the virus in humans or rodents. In collaboration with USAMRIID, Dr. Jonsson (Southern Research Institute) has focused on producing recombinant antigens for diagnosis of HFRS-causing hantaviruses. These antigens have proven to be particularly difficult to make in traditional bacterial expression systems. Using chloroplast transformation technology, Chlorogen, Inc.will extend and complement Dr. Jonsson's efforts to develop new and improved antigens produced in plants that can be used in assays to detect HFRS and HPS-causing hantaviruses.

KUEHNLE AGROSYSTEMS CO. LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive, Suite 281
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 753-2693
Dr. Michele Champagne
ARMY 05-175      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Chloroplast Genetic Engineering to Produce Diagnostic Antigens and Vaccines
Abstract:Plant chloroplasts are capable of producing significant quantities of high quality bioengineered proteins with biomedical applications. Improving the output of therapeutic antibodies, vaccines and diagnostic antigens through use of our pliable expression platform will provide an important technological advance compared with the current mammalian and microbial cell culture platforms. Our innovative approach combines a next-generation plant platform, for rapid line production, with established downstream processing and a novel genetic technology that permits site-directed insertion of one or more transgenes in chloroplasts. This platform advance has the potential for significant production of antigens, such as for the hantavirus, in contained, biosecure facilities under conditions of Good Manufacturing Practice. We propose in this Phase I project to develop the technical feasibility for rapid production of hantaviral gene products using our technology for chloroplast transgenesis in our target platform. Production of hantavirual proteins using the enabling strategies in Phase I is key to our Phase II goal of applying the technology collaboratively to produce sufficient quality antigens for diagnostic and immunogenicity assays.

ADVANCED MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC.
176 Waltham Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 926-6700
Mr. Forest Carignan
ARMY 05-176      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Field-Expedient Combat Load Assessment Device (CLAD)
Abstract:Field combat load assessment for combat training and combat mission personnel load management is an identified military need. The combat load assessment device or CLAD must meet several requirements not found in off-the-shelf commercial or consumer weighing devices. Weight requirements, accuracy requirements, functional requirements, and cost requirements prohibit the use of currently OTS hardware. In the subject proposal a low cost, high accuracy field weighing system is proposed. This system is extremely rugged in that all mechanical axes are inherently overload protected. Low cost sensing elements utilizing Hall effect sensor technology provide a robust electromechanical weight sensor. A tri-corner mechanical design ensures stability on uneven surfaces while integrated inclinometers provide automatic correction for incline induced error. The expected wide range thermal environment requires Hall effect sensor compensation via Hall effect gain trimming, magnet thermal compensation, or thermal sensor based signal conditioning. The relative simplicity of the electronic conditioning necessary for Hall effect measurements and simplicity of the mechanical sensing elements render this design likely to succeed from a performance perspective. AMTI's 10-year history as a manufacturer of low-cost medical force measurement and weighing technologies incorporating similar Hall effect technology ensures a high probability of success of this project.

BHTECHNOLOGY, LLC
1 jodi court, suite 613
wesley hills, NY 10952
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
Dr. aron kain
ARMY 05-176      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Field-Expedient Combat Load Assessment Device (CLAD)
Abstract:A Combat Load Assessment Device (CLAD)has been proposed based on BH Technology's Flexivibe load cell technology. The resulting weigh plate and controller are made out of high impact resistant, light weight polycarbonate material, are low cost and have an accuracy of 1 part in 10,000. The CLAD measures both height and weight of the individual warfighter. The flexivibe load cell senses the deflection of the load cell body due to applied weight rather than the induced stress/strain and therefore does not have the restrictions and engineering compromises that accompany strain gauge load cell design.

TRANSGENEX NANOBIOTECH, INC.
3802 Spectrum Blvd, Suite #123
Tampa, FL 33612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(813) 974-8569
Dr. Weidong Xu (Wilson)
ARMY 05-177      Awarded: 21NOV05
Title:Targeted Therapy for Neoplastic Diseases
Abstract:Ovarian cancer is a serious threat and ranks among the top leading causes of cancer deaths among women in the United States. Ovarian cancer is normally considered to be the result of genetic alterations. Therefore, gene therapy offers a promising approach for the treatment of ovarian cancer. Herein we propose to combine nanotechnology and the nonviral sleeping beauty transposon-based gene transfer system to develop safe and effective nanotransposon particles (NTPs) that could achieve targeted delivery of a DNA-based drug to cancer cells for treatment of ovarian cancer. TransGenex has developed a novel nanogene delivery approach using NG042, a novel chitosan nanoparticle, to effectively deliver DNA plasmids or peptides through intranasal or oral routes. We have also identified a novel natriuretic peptide, NP731-102, as a candidate drug for treatment of ovarian cancer. Preliminary data has shown that NP73-102 overexpression induces apoptosis and decreases the development of lung tumors in nude mice and of subcutaneous tumors in an immunocompetent syngeneic mouse model. We propose to use NTPs to induce persistent expression of NP73-102 specifically in ovarian cancer cells and thus effectively treat ovarian cancer.

SONTRA MEDICAL CORP.
10 Forge Parkway
Franklin, MA 02038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 553-8850
Dr. Shikha P Barman
ARMY 05-178      Awarded: 01DEC05
Title:Needleless Intradermal Vaccine Delivery System Using Ultrasound
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to evaluate and optimize needlefree immunization on skin permeated with SonoPrep, an ultrasound-based skin permeation system. SonoPrep permeates the skin by creating pores in the stratum corneum, thus breaching its barrier function. This provides channels for vaccine delivery directly to the epidermis, where large populations of Langerhans cells reside. The Department of Defense has candidate vaccines against malaria, dengue, etc.in phase I or II clinical trials. Many of these vaccines though promising, lack complete protection and total immunogencity. Dendritic cells play an important role in orchestrating the host immune response. The ideal vaccine delivery system would require no needles, deliver the vaccine directly to immunomodulatory cells, be transportable, and easy to use. FDA 510K approval has been given to SonoPrep, that when delivered to the skin, creates micropores (75-100 m) extended to the epidermis (20-35 m deep). SonoPrep has been used effectively in humans to deliver Lidocaine topically. Due to the large population of Langerhans cells in the epidermis, it is hypothesized that immunity can be conferred if vaccines are delivered on ultrasound-permeated skin. This proposal seeks to evaluate this delivery system with the DoD vaccine candidates and evaluate the host immune response to this system as compared to conventional vaccine delivery. Phase I will compare safety and immune response of the ultrasonic delivery of a candidate vaccine as compared to conventional techniques. Phase II will consist of an expanded safety and immunogenicity study leading to phase III for vaccine efficacy and FDA 510 K approval.

BIOFACTURA, INC.
15200 Shady Grove Road, Suite 350
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 706-0303
Mr. Luis M. Branco
ARMY 05-179      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Generation of Stable Eukaryotic Cell Lines Expressing High Yields of Therapeutic Human Antibodies Against Biowarfare Viral Threat Agents
Abstract:The generation, characterization, and optimization of stable mammalian cell lines for large-scale antibody production comprise an intricate process that costs millions of dollars and requires nearly one year of development time. When standard methods are employed, the process of generating stable cell lines requires nearly 6 months; however, BioFactura's proven proprietary technologies can routinely reduce the cell line generation timeline to 2 - 2.5 months. In addition, the downstream cell line development process is reduced since the lines are, from the onset, adapted to serum free medium formulations. Therefore, production of clinical quality material can be achieved in less than 7 months and research material in as little as 3 months, while ensuring quality and regulatory compliance. BioFactura has established a collaboration with USAMRIID, and specifically with Dr. Guttieri, as a basis for attaining proof of concept on existing technologies that generate monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with prophylactic and therpeutic value against viral biowarfare agents, and to build a platform upon which to seek funding through the DoD's SBIR and STTR programs. In this regard, BioFactura's objectives provide a unique opportunity for Dr. Guttieri to expedite production and in vivo analyses of mAbs identified as candidates for future clinical studies that evaluation the efficacy of these antibodies against viruses with bio-weapon potential.

BARRON ASSOC., INC.
1410 Sachem Place, Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Dr. Todd A. Summers
ARMY 05-180      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Trauma Data Collection and Mining to Enhance Combat Triage Decisions
Abstract:The fundamental objective of the research effort proposed herein is to provide guidance to combat medics in making field treatment and triage decisions. Combat medics must prioritize patients according to the need for: (1) immediate medical intervention, and/or (2) immediate evacuation and surgical intervention. Many life-threatening conditions -- most prominently acute hemorrhagic shock, followed by circulatory collapse -- are difficult to diagnose in the field, particularly in a timely fashion. This effort seeks to find predictive markers to enhance combat medic triage decisions and entails fulfillment of several objectives: (1) collection of a high-quality database of continuous physiologic data on trauma patients; (2) extraction of predictive features of relevant clinical outcomes from these data; and (3) development of a predictive methodology to aid in trauma triage decision making. Herein, Barron Associates, Inc. (BAI) and the University of Virginia (UVA) propose to collect continuous data on trauma patients via the Pegasus aeromedical transport service and the UVA Level 1 Trauma Center. BAI will apply sophisticated signal analysis and nonlinear dynamic pre-processing and feature extraction techniques to increase the likelihood of identifying useful predictive markers as inputs to estimation and classification neural networks, the latter of which predict relevant clinical outcomes.

INOVAMAR LLC
6006 Paxton Ct
San Jose, CA 95123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 706-3418
Mr. Peter Hu
ARMY 05-180      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Pre-Hospital Trauma Data Collection and Mining
Abstract:Traumatic injury is a major public health and military problem. However, there is a major lack of physiological information about what happens to trauma casualties during both pre-hospital (field) management and in- hospital resuscitation. The ability to continuously collect, store and retrieve medical data from patients that are transported via helicopter, fixed wing or ambulance from the scene of the trauma event to end point of care is an essential link in the data collection process, one that currently does not exist. Our solution will include two main activities, building the data collection and analysis system and executing the initial data collection and data analysis. Such an approach will support the capture and analysis of trauma casualty data, which will give insight into the development of military triage algorithms and decision support systems.

IMMUNOTOPE, INC.
Jefferson Center, 700 E. Butler Avenue
Doylestown, PA 18901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 489-4955
Dr. Ramila Philip
ARMY 05-181      Awarded: 02JAN06
Title:Autoantibodies as serum biomarkers for prostate cancer diagnosis and prognosis
Abstract:Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in males. A highly sensitive, selective, noninvasive screening assay is needed to diagnose prostate cancer and to monitor effectiveness of treatment or recurrence. We propose to develop a diagnostic assay based on autoantibodies as serological markers for cancer diagnosis because of the general absence of these autoantibodies in normal individuals and noncancer conditions. Key to this methodology is that the immune system creates a huge amplification of signal through the development of antibodies to cancer-associated antigens. There is a 10e7-9 increase in measurable signal caused by the production of antibodies by B cells. These assays can be diluted 1:100 and still generate a significant signal. The goal of this proposal is to identify antigens reactive to autoantibodies in patients diagnosed with primary prostate cancer for the early detection of the disease. The identification of a panel of antigens reactive to autoantibodies will pave the way to the development of sensitive and selective, prostate cancer-specific noninvasive diagnostic assays useful for rapid screening of large patient populations.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Jinseong Kim
ARMY 05-181      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Nanopore Based Biological Sensor for Detection of Prostate Cancer
Abstract:Prostate cancer, the second most common cancer in men, is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. PSA is used widely as a serum marker for the early detection of prostate cancer and for monitoring disease recurrence after therapy. However, the use of the biomarker has been criticized as well and the controversy remains unresolved. The major drawback of PSA screening is its relative wide "gray zone", where PSA screening has false negative or false positive. Better screening and monitoring biomarkers are needed and extensive studies have been carried out to develop novel effective biomarkers. This proposal concerns the development of novel biomarker screening for prostate cancer diagnosis, implementing emerging nanotechnology into well established antibody-based detection method to overcome the drawback of PSA screening. This nanopore-based biological sensor consists of multiple antibodies to detect multiple biomarkers to enhance the specificity of screening for prostate cancer. Phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technology by fabricating and evaluating a nanopore-based biosensor to detect new biomarker. Further development of the technology toward array structured sensor will be started in Phase I Option and Phase II effort.

SMARTWEAR, LLC
1802 Ocean Park Blvd., Suite E
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 396-1339
Dr. Michael Pottenger
ARMY 05-182      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Interactive Textiles for Improved Parachute Performance
Abstract:Parachutes are widely used in the U.S. Army for airdrop/aerial delivery of personnel and cargo. It is well known that the performance (drag, lift, stability, etc.,) of a parachute is a function of the physical properties of the canopy fabric, such as porosity, and geometry of the canopy, such as air-vent openings.

SEASHELL TECHNOLOGY LLC
3252 Holiday Court Suite 115
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 638-0315
Dr. Sheldon Schultz
ARMY 05-183      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Inconspicuous Taggant for Combat Uniforms
Abstract:Our development of inconspicuous and wavelength specific detectable taggants for combat uniforms will result in significant performance enhancement in identification of friend or foe. We propose to use novel metal nanostructures as taggants that can be readily detected using thermal imaging devices, and yet are not visible to the naked eye. These nanotaggants can be incorporated into camouflage uniform textile either by topical application or directly embedding them into textile fibers. The taggant modified materials can then be fabricated into patches or tapes for application onto military uniforms. The physical properties of the nanotaggents are controlled so that only specific wavelength bands of infrared radiation are scattered, permitting identification of prescribed patterns with infrared band matching detection equipment. During the Phase I research period we will deliver to Army personnel for testing taggant modified patches and tape materials which match standard combat camouflage uniforms.

TS&I (TECHNOLOGY SLUTIONS & INVENTION LLC)
112 Clift Street
Mystic, CT 06355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 857-2115
Mr. Bob Nilsen
ARMY 05-183      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Inconspicuous Taggant for Combat Uniforms
Abstract:This development work will explore innovative technologies to be added to textile fibers or fabrics used on the combat uniforms for the purpose of combat identification. The proprietary material will be designed to work over all frequency ranges from UV to beyond the 12 micron range. This work will investigate technologies that will allow materials to be instantly and intelligently recognized as unique or genuine and be covered/removed from use as desired by the user. The taggants will be imbedded or applied to applicable textile substrates and be invisible to the unaided eye. All materials developed for use as taggants will be nontoxic and will be designed to have no adverse affect on any of the functional properties of the current materials or garments. The taggant will be designed to have a variety of easily changed, mission unique combinations to decrease the likelihood of compromise. The taggant will be detectable by instrumentation that is currently fielded and operating in frequencies other than near infrared, such as those operating in the 3 to 5 and 8 to 12 micron range of thermal imagers, or by low-cost equipment that can be easily fielded that will recognize the desired electromagnetic frequencies. The taggants will not add significant weight to the Soldier's garment and will be completely passive, not requiring any power input. The proposed approach will yield a low cost easily fielded technology to increase Soldier survivability and decrease the threat of fratricide.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ms. Karen A. Harper
ARMY 05-184      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Perceptions, Inferences, and Associations Model for Infantry Soldiers (PIAMIS)
Abstract:The US Army Natick Soldier Center develops and applies modeling and simulation (M&S) technologies to evaluate warfighter systems vis--vis impact on individual and small-unit effectiveness. Currently, many simulations use scripts and simple rules to produce behavior in simulated entities with ground-truth data as inputs. To be effective for simulation-based acquisition (SBA) efforts, simulations must accurately model the visual and auditory perceptual processes of warfighters and the inferences and associations they make about their environment. We propose the Perceptions, Inferences, and Associations Model of Infantry Soldiers (PIAMIS) system, which will address this problem through the development of: 1) an extensible Perception Model that takes ground-truth data from the simulation and produces realistic sensory perceptions for the combat environment; 2) an Inference and Association engine instantiated with mappings to produce real-time inferences and associations based on input from the Perception Model; and 3) a knowledge engineering (KE) tool that uses an immersive simulation environment to present SMEs a tactical situation and an automated cognitive task analysis process to derive a mapping of perceptions to inferences and associations applied to that situation. We propose to demonstrate PIAMIS with a scenario in the IWARS simulation environment.

MICRO ANALYSIS & DESIGN, INC.
4949 Pearl East Circle, Suite 300
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-6947
Dr. Walter Warwick
ARMY 05-184      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Agent Based Modeling of Dismount Infantry Through Inclusion of Perceptions, Inferences and Associations.
Abstract:Human perception is a subtle and complex process and increasingly is viewed as a major component of expert performance. In sharp contrast, in the representation of human behavior within a computer generated force, perception is often reduced merely to an assignment statement. Thus an enemy vehicle might be "perceived" in a constructive simulation by passing variables representing an entity-id, a vehicle-type enumeration and an x-y-z location, given to several significant figures, to a finite state machine which can then "cogitate," using those values to determine which of a known set of alternative actions should be taken (e.g., assigning a threat-level to the enemy vehicle, sorting it into a target list, choosing an action on contact etc.). In this proposal we describe research that will allow us to imbue synthetic entities with a richer sense of perception. The proposed research will revolve around two technical objectives. The first is to understand human perception in a given task domain, and to survey candidate computational mechanisms for performing analogous transformations of ground truth into "perception." The second is to explore how perception influences infantry decision making and to determine a corresponding division of labor on the computational side between the perceptual and inferential.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Dr. Marthinus C. van Schoor
ARMY 05-185      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Acoustic Noise Reduction Fabric
Abstract:Mid proposes an innovative new acoustic/thermal liner fabric for noise reduction in military shelters. The concept combines lightweight, insulating solids that do not propagate airborne sound waves with flame-resistant open cell foam. The solids are highly porous, non-hazardous silica, described as a lattice network of glass strands with very small pores. The solids content is extremely low, making it both extremely light in weight and an excellent insulating solid for both acoustic and thermal protection. The proposed liner would replace the existing thermal liner currently fielded in fabric shelters. It would provide thermal insulation, flame resistance, breathability, maximized acoustic noise reduction, and ultra low density in a package that meets the " thickness target.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Mr. Eric Pennell
ARMY 05-186      Selected for Award
Title:A Rapidly Deployable, Terrain-Compensating, Modular Platform System for Soft-Shelters(1000-766)
Abstract:Current Army soft shelters use fabric or plywood floors. Fabric floors easily rip or wear through. Plywood is heavy, splinters, is not easily cleaned and is a one-time use item. Additionally, current flooring systems do not compensate for uneven terrain. Commercial flooring systems take up too much packing volume, weigh more and take too long to install. Phase I of the project will focus on developing a cost-effective, lightweight, terrain compensating, rapidly deployable and low packing volume flooring system. A system approach will be taken. Existing technologies, methods and issues will be reviewed. Key performance criteria will be generated and ranked. Commercial off the shelf (COTS) hardware and technologies will be reviewed, and new concepts generated. Trade off studies will be conducted. Several viable concepts will be generated for further analysis and development during Phase II.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2400
Dr. Kevin Gildea
ARMY 05-187      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Representing Entity Actions and Cue Taxonomies (REACT)
Abstract:A major requirement for effective weapon system evaluation, construct development, and training in constructive simulations is the ability to adequately represent behaviors in response to suppressive fire during urban combat. Current simulations lack adequate representation of the behavioral effects of suppressive fire as well as methods for using available data to quickly update these representations to reflect current realities. We propose to address the need for realistic, flexible, easy-to-update representations by designing and prototyping a framework for Representing Entity Actions and Cue Taxonomies (REACT). Our human centric approach is characterized by a formal knowledge elicitation process, which will identify the requirements for modeling and simulation, including a schema for categorizing suppression cues and their associated behaviors. We will then focus on identifying candidate information sources and framework modules that will provide an enhanced representation of the role of suppression in decision making and performance. Finally, we will prototype a conceptual model, which will focus on incorporating perceptual, cognitive, and behavioral inputs, and a system for populating and including the framework in the IWARS. We will utilize experts within our team to develop the REACT framework, populate it with realistic data, and review its potential to support other DoD simulations.

NANOSYNTEX
303 North Fairmont Avenue, Suite 201
Morristown, TN 37814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 587-2555
Dr. Vasanthakumar Narayanan
ARMY 05-188      Awarded: 11NOV05
Title:Flame Resistant Material For Use in Protective Garment Applications
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a lightweight, comfortable fire resistant fabric offering superior fire and thermal protection over conventional Nomexr products that can be incorporated into fire protective garments at significantly lower cost. Specific target for this proposal will be to provide a functional material that offers significant increase in personnel protection against a heat flux of up to 3.5 cal/cm2 sec (versus standard flux of 2.0 cal/cm2 sec) allowing the war-fighter greater ability to escape severe flame conditions. The principal approach will be to utilize high performance FR fibers enhanced with a durable nano-FR coating developed by Nanosyntex in a composite, hydroentangled nonwoven construction to produce superior flame and thermal resistant garments.

KITESHIP CORP.
2004 Silver Lake Way
Martinez, CA 94553
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 550-6738
Mr. David Culp
ARMY 05-191      Awarded: 01NOV05
Title:Low Cost Parafoil Deceleration Canopy for One Time Use
Abstract:There is a growing need for Army re-supply and humanitarian aid via airdrop. Dropping from safe altitudes creates more and more demand for guidable decelerator systems to ameliorate wind drift and to accommodate horizontal offset of drop zones. At the same time, the practical exigencies of re-supply and humanitarian aid airdrop demands movement towards one-time use, disposable decelerator systems. At the same time, requirements for safety to the aircraft require more and more offset ability in decelerator systems in order to reach and accurately hit deployment targets from ever-increasing altitude and offset drop zones. Thus there is a growing need for inexpensive, one-time use, high performance decelerator canopies and control systems. There are today a number of potential avenues for the development and delivery of reduced-cost high performance canopies and systems for airdrop. It is the intention of this proposal to delineate the challenge and to explore these avenues.

MILLI SENSOR SYSTEMS & ACTUATORS
93 Border Street
West Newton, MA 02465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 965-1346
Dr. Donato (Dan) Cardarelli
ARMY 05-192      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:A Method of Improving Bias Stability of MEMS Inertial Instruments
Abstract:This proposal presents a new approach to improve the bias drift of tactical-grade MEMS gyros and accelerometers by more than an order of magnitude. The overall objective of the Phase I program is to verify feasibility of the concept and to present design options for practical implementations as a small, high-performance, low-cost MEMS system. The objective of a Phase II program is to demonstrate performance levels in a candidate MEMS system which will satisfy Army mission requirements without GPS.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. John M. Wilson
ARMY 05-193      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Smart Snap Hook
Abstract:U.S. Army mass tactical airborne operations occasionally experience the accidental towing of a parachutist due to improper parachute deployment and/or entanglement with the static line. This event sometimes goes undetected for long periods of time after the affected jumper has left the aircraft. This can result in serious or fatal injury of the towed parachutist or subsequent jumpers who make contact with the towed jumper. We propose development of a Smart Snap Hook that actively monitors the load on each individual static line, providing an immediate alarm to the Jumpmaster and Safety in the event of a towed parachutist condition. Our rugged, reliable, and low cost Smart Snap Hook module will attach to existing snap hooks without compromising their current load-carrying capacity, will require no external infrastructure, and need only minimal annual maintenance. Microprocessor-based digital signal processing in the Smart Snap Hook will allow a towed jumper alarm to be provided within seconds of a jumper failing to separate from the aircraft normally, while completely avoiding false alarms. This will enable the rest of the jumpers on the stick to be halted, and towed parachutist retrieval to take place immediately, dramatically reducing the risk of serious or fatal injury.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6364
John Stokes
ARMY 05-194      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Automatic Body Protection for Paratrooper Landings
Abstract:Literature indicates that ankle and lower limb injuries present the greatest opportunity for reduction, given their high frequency of occurrence. Many solutions to reduce ankle injuries have been attempted - ankle braces to support the ankle during landing, cushioning devices to help absorb some of the impact force upon landing, and riser adjustments to reduce ground impact speed. However, these devices have limitations in practical use. Typical challenges associated with ankle protection include comfort, weight, bulk, ease of don/doff, secondary injury, and mobility. The restriction offered by braces becomes problematic after landings when the paratrooper needs to regain normal range of motion for running and walking. Sole cushions, if designed poorly, can cause inversion injuries by rolling the ankle. Our solution to achieve protection combines a sole cushion and ankle brace into one while allowing more normal extension and movement of the foot and ankle. By developing a system that provides the stability of an ankle brace, without the negative effects of bulk, weight, and reduced mobility, we can increase elective use in combat. Paratroopers will be more likely to wear a protective device if it doesn't affect their fightability once they have landed.

PROCESS TECHNOLOGY OPTIMIZATION, INC.
2801 Long Road
Grand Island, NY 14072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 773-8106
Dr. Tilak Bommaraju
ARMY 05-195      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Self-Contained Ration Heater
Abstract:A simple, novel packaging configuration is described to activate the Flameless Ration Heater (FRH) without any addition or input by the soldier and without hydrogen generation. This design allows: i) minimal, if not negligible, changes in the existing FRH, and ii) water to be stored and released with ease to heat the standard ration of meals. The new catalyst heater chemistry proposed here is a thermodynamically sanctioned reaction based on magnesium, but will avoid the generation of hydrogen, while providing heat at the same rate as the presently used Mg + H2O system, without adding substantial burden on the total weight. Another major advantage of the concepts elaborated in this proposal is that the new FRH + water package can easily be manufactured employing the currently available technologies.

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY CORP.
809 University Drive East, Suite 100E
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-1120
Dr. Brendan Coffey
ARMY 05-195      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Exothermic Nano Composite for Self-Contained Ration Heater
Abstract:RBC proposes to develop a self-activating, flameless heater based on the principal of encapsulated pyrophoric aluminum in order to achieve safe, controlled reaction kinetics. The novel system offers higher specific energy (cal g-1) than the current Mg-Fe heater, Valimet, a producer of specialty aluminum powder will partner with RBC in the effort. In the Phase I SBIR program, RBC proposes to develop and demonstrate a self-contained exothermic metallic fuel composite that can be integrated into packaging configurations to provide a FRH for use with the Meal, Ready-to-Eat ration. RBC will also carry out a Design Analysis of weight, cost, size, health hazards, safety, ruggedness, shelf life, environmental impact, and stability, and prepare a Preliminary Design Package for the prototype heater.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place, Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Dr. Robert P Scaringe
ARMY 05-196      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Demonstration of a Self-Heating Self-Hydrating Combat Ration
Abstract:A need exists to provide the individual Warfighter with hot beverages and ration components that can be heated while on the move. The current Flameless Ration Heater (FRH) provides an acceptable means for heating prepackaged shelf-stable foods that are already hydrated. However, it is inadequate for heating dehydrated rations and water for beverages. Mainstream has disclosed a unique self-heating, self-hydrating pouch that can be used to heat and hydrate beverages and dehydrated meals, such as those found in the Ration Cold Weather/Long Range Patrol. The Warfighter can heat and hydrate while on the move or in a combat vehicle since hydrogen production has also be eliminated. A self-heating, self-hydrating pouch will be demonstrated that integrates advanced membrane technology with water purification and hydrogen capture technology to provide a flameless ration heater that is safer. Phase I will demonstrate the ability to both hydrate and heat foods and beverages. The hydrogen capture chemistry proposed assures that the hydrogen is not only captured but also converted to additional water. The result of these synergistic reactions is that less heating compound and less water are necessary. This proposal contains additional details on the technology.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2355
Dr. William L. Bell
ARMY 05-197      Selected for Award
Title:Self-Heating Group Ration
Abstract:Prototypes of the Unitized Group Ration - Express (UGR-E) have demonstrated that four six-pound trays or pouches of food can be heated from 40F to 140F in 30 to 45 minutes. The UGR-E can provide soldiers with a hot meal when operational tempo makes the standard Unitized Group Ration impractical. The prototypes have been heated using the Flameless Ration Heater (FRH) technology; unfortunately, the FRH produces flammable hydrogen gas, and safer alternatives are desired. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has developed an alternative heater material that does not produce hydrogen, and proposes to apply this technology to the UGR-E. In this project we will select materials to optimize the rate of heat production for the UGR-E package. TDA and our partners will develop a package design that facilitates ease of use, minimizes user contact with the heater and heater products, and can be produced at low cost. In Phase I, TDA will design and test prototype packages. We will also conduct an engineering analysis to estimate weight, volume and cost in full-scale production. In Phase II TDA and our partners will complete development, including all necessary testing efforts and submissions to obtain required regulatory approvals.

TPL, INC.
3921 Academy Parkway North, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 342-4451
Dr. Randy Johnson
ARMY 05-198      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Separation of Fragmented Energetic Materials via Directed Ultrasonic Energy
Abstract:Demilitarization of unserviceable ammunition by open burning and open detonation is no longer an option. Autoclaving of low melting point materials is labor intensive, hazardous to the health of operators, and generates pinkwater which requires clean-up as hazardous waste. Other explosives such as insensitive munitions composed of polymer bonded explosives present a particularly difficult challenge for demil. They cannot be removed from the munition by autoclave techniques. TPL will demonstrate that directed ultrasonic energy can be used to fragment, remove, and separate cast-loaded energetic materials from obsolete munitions. Fragmentation of Comp B and Octol with ultrasonic energy has been demonstrated. Material removed by fragmentation will be used to develop processes and methods to recover the valuable explosive components. Methods to remove binders, waxes, plasticizers, crosslinkers, and catalysts will be determined. The most effective systems will be developed that minimize hazardous wastes and operation hazards. Process flow sheets and material balances will be developed. TPL has a highly integrated capability in the demilitarization of conventional munitions, from the conduct of research and development into uses for reclaimed energetic materials, to providing engineering services in conventional munitions demilitarization operations, and to the manufacture of commercial products from reclaimed energetic materials.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Ching-Fang Lin
ARMY 05-199      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Miniaturized Smart Self-calibration Electronic Pointing Device
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate, evaluate, and demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative Miniaturized Smart Self-calibration Electronic Pointing Device (EPD) for Indirect Fire Weapons applications using the coremicro Palm Navigator, as the mortars azimuth/heading and elevation measurement devices. The Miniaturized Smart Self-calibration Electronic Pointing Device provides complete and accurate mortars motion measurements including: azimuth/heading and elevation angles, plus acceleration/deceleration, velocity, position, and angular velocity. In Phase I of this project, using the AGNC products, the EPD system requirements analysis will be performed. The coremicro Palm Navigator will be evaluated as the mortars azimuth/heading and elevation measurement device. Using the AGNC developed simulation test tool, the GPS/IMU REALTIME SIMULATOR, the mortars azimuth/heading and elevation measurement data can be simulated and the system is tested in the laboratory environment. Finally system demonstration and test will be performed for system verification.

KVH INDUSTRIES, INC.
50 Enterprise Center
Middletown, RI 02842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3327
Mr. James Rossi
ARMY 05-199      Selected for Award
Title:Light Weight Electronic Pointing Device
Abstract:In the proposed Phase I effort, KVH Industries will develop an Electronic Pointing Device (EPD) by implementing Northfinding software in its TG6000 Inertial Measurement Unit(IMU) product that is substantially smaller than the existing solution. Specifically, KVH will build three modified coils into a standard TG6000 system, modify the existing gyro digital filter to reduce noise, implement Northfinding software for the TG6000 IMU system, measure accuracy vs. measurement time for the baseline north finding software, and investigate new methods of shock and vibration hardening of the TG6000 without the existing shock isolator. The end result of this SBIR will be an EPD design that can be readily transitioned into a commercial product during Phase II.

COHERENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
135 S. Taylor Avenue
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-2000
Dr. Joe Marron
ARMY 05-200      Selected for Award
Title:Imaging of Space Objects
Abstract:There is great need for small, mobile systems that enable military commanders to interrogate air-borne objects at long ranges. Radar-based systems are at a disadvantage because the large aperture sizes required limit portability. Laser based systems can be more portable, but they have challenging pointing-tracking requirements and atmospheric turbulence can limit operation modes. In Phase I CTI will demonstrate sensor feasibility through extensive modeling and analysis, produce a preliminary design, and perform risk reduction experiments to demonstrate key aspects of the novel sensor design. In the Phase I Option, CTI will perform a detailed transceiver design. In Phase II CTI will build and demonstrate the prototype transceiver/signal-processor and conduct field tests in a realistic laboratory setting. The proposed work will leverage CTI's extensive experience in developing fieldable laser radar systems. CTI has significant experience in making Lidar systems for wind velocity, target velocity, vibration sensing and imaging (including synthetic aperture approaches). The main discriminant of our systems is that we are able to make lasers with very long coherence lengths that allow us to perform coherent detection. Coherent detection enables many target interrogation methods including velocity measurement, vibration measurement and imaging. With coherent detection, imaging is not encumbered with the need for adaptive optics, or intensive algorithms; this helps make the system smaller and more portable. Note also that portability and field-robustness may limit the allowable operation modes and while CTI is able to evaluate intensive operation modes such as synthetic aperture imaging, we are also able to consider more simple modes such as imaging correlography.

3D RESEARCH CORP.
7057 Old Madison Pike, Suite 200, P.O. Box 11723
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-5431
Dr. James K. Woosley
ARMY 05-201      Selected for Award
Title:Insensitive Munitions Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:3D Research Corporation and Aerojet, Incorporated, propose a novel approach to munitions modeling to assure the munitions meets Insensitive Munitions (IM) requirements of DoDD 5000.2-R and MIL-STD-2105C. IM validation of munitions requires extensive testing, and it is necessary to develop analytical approaches which accelerate the design process for IM compliance. The proposed approach evaluates all system factors which contribute to munitions susceptibility to unplanned stimuli and uses best-in-class computer modeling techniques to address each potential risk. At a time when munitions safety is becoming increasingly important, there have been no designs which have successfully bridged the gap between safety and performance; this model is necessary to close that gap. 3D Research and Aerojet together have the management skills and technical expertise to resolve this critical issue. During Phase I we will address the principal organizational and mathematical features of the model, comparing them with historical data from previous IM systems tests to assure the modeling approach provides the required fidelity and can be supported by the data. This will permit successful code development and verification for the software model during Phase II.

CORVID TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
149 Plantation Ridge Dr., Suite 170
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Dr. Robert Nance
ARMY 05-201      Selected for Award
Title:Insensitive Munitions Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:Insensitive munitions (IM) design and testing for propulsion systems is hindered both by high test costs and the complexity of propellant responses to IM stimuli. Modeling and simulation tools for predictions of IM hazards are under development that characterize many of the pertinent phenomena, including damage sensitization to reaction and delayed-onset detonation. Such tools can provide many benefits to the development of IM propulsion systems. We will collaborate with the Thermal and Reactive Processes Department at Sandia National Laboratories, to survey these computational tools, exercise them for representative scenarios, assess their current utility for rocket and missile propulsion system IM predictions, and make recommendations for tool improvements to enhance their capabilities. Our innovation will be a streamlined process for using existing model frameworks in propulsion system IM assessments.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Jack Salerno
ARMY 05-202      Selected for Award
Title:Lighteight and Low Cost Infrared Optics for Manportable Fire Control and Missile System
Abstract:Agiltron proposes a new class of significantly lightweight long wave infrared (LWIR) lens system for Army manportable fire control and missile systems. Our unique afocal design uses only three thin lenses with aspherical and Fresnel surfaces, holding the promise of providing unsurpassed optical zooming performance. Leveraging on our extensive expertise in chalcogenide glass lens fabrication, we propose to produce these lens by a low-cost molding process. Chalcogenide glass is a much lightweight and inexpensive material than the present LWIR lens material of single-crystal Germanium. This program will lead to volume production of high performance LWIR complex shaped lenses without the need for polishing and with little waste. The technology potentially produces premium IR imaging optics at drastically lower cost and lightweight that are unattainable before. The program target is to realize a state-of-the-art LWIR optic system of less than 300 grams and at production cost less than $4,000.

BODKIN DESIGN & ENGINEERING, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
Mr. Andrew Bodkin
ARMY 05-202      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Infrared Optics
Abstract:The development of an uncooled microbolometer based LWIR camera is proposed that will be a drop in replacement for the FLIR camera currently in use on the Javelin Common Launch Unit. The camera will provide dual fields of view or a continuous zoom over 2 to 6 degrees.

SYSTEMS & PROCESSES ENGINEERING CORP.(SPEC)
101 West Sixth Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. Phil Toler
ARMY 05-203      Selected for Award
Title:Integrated Total Asset Visibility System (ITAVS)
Abstract:Systems and Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes an Integrated Total Asset Visibility System (ITAVS) management solution that supports the IUID and RFID Policies and is consistent with DoD's Business Enterprise Architecture. The resultant asset management system will maximize the effective utilization of a mix of Automatic Identification Technologies (AIT), in concert with the IUID Program, to support improved "ground truth" with respect to the location, value and condition of DoD's assets and, thereby, significantly enhance the ability of commanders and managers to make timely and effective decisions. The system integrates, to a large extent, elements of the current asset management architecture, saving costs by utilizing investments already made by the DoD. The solution addresses the integration of; a system for uniquely identifying assets and their valuations, mechanisms for marking and providing visibility into the location and condition of these assets (i.e. AIT), and Automated Information Systems (AISs) to support the management of assets and provide accurate and consistent information to decision makers.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Mr. Edward Smith
ARMY 05-203      Selected for Award
Title:Unique Identification (UID)/Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Integration
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc. proposes to develop an RFID-UID Integration and Tracking System (RUITS) that integrates Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) RFID tags, readers, and handheld devices, as well as UID Data Matrix 2D barcodes, to enable accurate, real-time tracking of Army assets. Leveraging the latest RFID technology standards and implementing advanced middleware components, RUITS will seamlessly integrate RFID with UID in existing Army information systems. RUITS will operate within an open source, Java/J2EE-based architecture. This architecture will enable the widest production deployment across the Army; allow the broadest integration with existing systems and data sources; and provide a robust, secure, transactional, scalable, and reusable infrastructure for tracking Army assets. RUITS has the following three major components: (1) COTS tags, readers, and handheld devices, (2) Middleware Technology Integration Layer (MTIL), and (3) Asset Tracking System (ATS).

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mr. Paul G. Gonsalves
ARMY 05-204      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Adaptive Agent-based System for Information Filtering (AASIF)
Abstract:The tenets of netcentric warfare (NCW) have been duly embraced by DoD. While programs like the Army Battle Command System can facilitate NCW concepts, the associated problem of information overload can arise. Information overload is already apparent in the business sector where knowledge workers spend needless extra time searching for or are unable to find needed information. One can surmise that similar issues will be faced within the NCW-based military operations environment. A concerted science and technology effort is needed to support the effective filtering and organization of information to support enhance situation awareness and effective decision-making and to fully reap the benefits of NCW. Here, we propose an Adaptive Agent-based System for Information Filtering (AASIF) to support rapid information discovery and filtering for the warfighter within a netcentric environment. The system consist of a metadata extraction component to augment existing network metadata services and data descriptions; a context analyzer component to focus user information requirements in light of the user's profile and the current situational context; an information filtering component to perform translation of the information stream into context appropriate information clusters; and a manager component to dynamically manage on-line data subscriptions within a publish and subscribe environment.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5002
Dr. James Nolan
ARMY 05-204      Selected for Award
Title:Smart Battle Command Information Discovery and Filtering Agents
Abstract:The GIG and other tactical networks are highly dynamic and contain an unknown number of data sources at any point in time. The number of data sources on these networks is growing at a much faster pace than our ability to discover them and process the information they provide into usable information. The challenge is to develop capabilities that leverage the GIG's Content Discovery Services to proactively seek out new data sources that are relevant and exploit them to enable the Commander to gain information superiority. The DAC Team proposes a novel combination of natural language processing, data mining, and predictive technologies to build an intelligent architecture to perform Smart Battle Command Information Discovery and Filtering. This effort will build on DAC's experience in deploying intelligent agents to perform data mining and course-of-action forecasting in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Our approach will allow the Commander to focus his attention on the problems that are of highest importance and of utmost relevance to the current mission. The results of this effort will be an intelligent agent architecture that is interoperable with Army systems such as the Army Battle Command System (ABCS) and the Command Post of the Future (CPOF).

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Ms. Laurie Spencer
ARMY 05-204      Awarded: 18NOV05
Title:Supporting Net-Centric Operations through Bandwidth Friendly Intelligent Information Discovery and Filtering
Abstract:We propose to address the growing challenge of information overload in network-centric information systems through the development of an agent based framework that improves the warfighter's awareness of critical information while simultaneously preserving those aspects that make systems like the Command Post of the Future (CPOF) so useful. In particular, we propose to enable effective information discovery in two ways: (1) enhancing multimedia data indices with context derived metadata to facilitate information rediscovery/reuse; and (2) exploiting simple models of warfighter tasks to drive a "fire and forget" and potentially proactive information discovery agent. We also propose to exploit similarly context-aware data filtering and integration techniques to improve the ability of S-3 and S-2 users to understand and exploit the available information. By exploiting the unique characteristics of battle command system data and task domain knowledge, our proposed system, InfoStalker, will provide a much better fit to the capabilities and requirements of the warfighter than general purpose information retrieval technologies. The InfoStalker concept was conceived in light of Stottler Henke's ongoing effort to analyze CPOF data archives. This foundation of knowledge together with a wide breadth of related reusable software components allows us to propose an aggressive Phase I effort.

NETCENTRIC TECHNOLOGY, INC.
One Merdian Road, Suite 4
Eatontown, NJ 07724
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 544-0888
Mr. Samuel Nitzberg
ARMY 05-205      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Policy Manager for Access Controls in a Tactical Environment
Abstract:The objective of the this phase 1 proposal is to design and develop an access control policy framework that is a scaleable across the Army enterprise by allowing for the decentralized management and local enforcement of the access control policies, minimize impact on the network with respect to policy traffic, allow for interoperability between Community of Interests (COIs) or domains and allow for individuals to assume multiple roles as dictated on the battlefield. We propose an innovative use of the core RBAC model by extending it to include attribute based access control that will allow the capability to satisfy more complex business needs. NetCentric concept in meeting these critical requirements includes incorporating features that allow for the self-certifying delegation of roles from outside a domain's community of interest by integrating other security services with the access control policy framework.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Jonathan D. Pfautz
ARMY 05-206      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Data Processing and Audio/Visual Displays for Improving Situational Awareness (DAVIS)
Abstract:Future Army missions will rely on increasingly sophisticated technologies for providing the Soldier with critical situational information. These technologies will require the concomitant development of processing techniques for synthesizing and managing an increased volume of incoming data. These technologies will also require the development of advanced information displays that address the Soldier's specific information requirements. To support the development of these techniques and displays, we propose to design and prototype a system for Data Processing and Auditory and Visual Display for Improving Situational Awareness (DAVIS). Four components characterize our approach. First, we will perform a requirements analysis to identify the operational demands on Soldiers and their situational awareness needs in the context of a realistic operational scenario. Second, we will identify and select processing methods for synthesizing incoming data and providing predictive information. Third, we will use these methods to drive the design of visual and auditory displays that intelligently address the Soldier's needs. Fourth, we will prototype an integrative information processing and display system for demonstrating our approach. We will leverage our team's expertise in display design and data processing to rapidly develop DAVIS, interface it with realistic data sets, and demonstrate its potential to support DoD applications.

NEXT CENTURY CORP.
8101 Sandy Spring Road
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 939-2550
Mr. Hyam Singer
ARMY 05-206      Awarded: 07NOV05
Title:Soldier Advanced Video/Audio Cueing System
Abstract:Next Century Corporation proposes to develop the Integrated Situational Information and Tactical Exploitation (InSITE) system, providing actionable alerts and at-a-glance situational awareness to the warfighter in real time. Our team is augmented by the domain-relevant expertise of General Dynamics C4 Systems (GDC4S) Division, the prime contractor and systems integrator for various U.S. Army's PEO Soldier programs including Land Warrior, Air Warrior, Mounted Warrior, and the Future Force Warrior Advanced Technology demo (ATD). Our solution incorporates leading edge video image processing, data fusion, and predictive modeling techniques to detect, track, and anticipate the movements of entities of interest, seamlessly overlaying this information onto either a video data stream or geospatial display. InSITE also provides valuable analysis and review capabilities that can either be used during a mission or as part of a post-mission hotwash activity. Our key innovations for designing and building the InSITE system are focused on three areas: 1) innovative alert mechanisms and visualization techniques; 2) advanced algorithms and technologies for video image processing, data fusion, and predictive modeling; and, 3) modular, component-based, open architecture for ease of integration, interoperability, and extensibility.

NOVA ENGINEERING, INC.
5 Circle Freeway Drive
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 642-3000
Mr. Greg Stegman
ARMY 05-207      Awarded: 27OCT05
Title:Handheld Emission Detector (HED)
Abstract:Establishing and maintaining real-time situational awareness is essential for virtually every operation in which the RF environment is monitored to detect the presence of a threat. Unfortunately, the hardware capable of providing this much-needed capability has historically been designed using `stovepipe' architectures that are waveform or frequency-specific, offering no agility to accommodate emerging threats. Moreover, legacy hardware is predominantly designed for vehicular use, denying the dismounted troop the opportunity to conduct signals intelligence at a forward location. Recent advances in software defined radio (SDR) architectures for tactical transceivers provide the ultimate baseline for an extremely flexible situational awareness capability. As key, on-going developments in the area of RF miniaturization pave the way for designs that are significantly smaller/lighter than legacy equipment. The `SDR + Miniature RF' design approach fully supports the objective of a small, handheld threat warning system that satisfies all near-term frequency/signals requirements, while enabling future expansion via software upgrades. Nova Engineering, a major contributor to the JTRS SDR Community and a supplier of field-proven, miniature RF equipment, will leverage its broadband SDR hardware to architect an innovative receiving/DF system. Critical SDR and DF capabilities will be demonstrated to provide a low-risk technology transition plan into Phase II.

SCA TECHNICA, INC.
17 Port Chester Drive
Nashua, NH 03062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 321-6536
Dr. David K. Murotake
ARMY 05-207      Awarded: 27OCT05
Title:Soldier Electronic Warfare Detection Using Smart Radio
Abstract:The SCA Technica team, with subcontractor General Dynamics C4 Systems and consultant Dr. Harvey Woodsum, propose to design and build a soldier-borne, small, lightweight, low power, LPI, wide band, quadrant and specific azimuth detector for GPS, combat net radio, and other jammers/emitters. We base our design on our SCA compatible Smart Radio, being developed under SBIR AF03-098 Phase II. We will further leverage the SCA waveform component architecture being developed under SBIR Phase I AF05-108 and NIST 9.05.3-9. As prime contractor for JTRS Cluster 5, GD C4 Systems is ideally qualified to assist us in evaluating RF front end requirements for the proposed Soldier EW Smart Radio. Our hardware and software will be ported to a hand-held computer and integrated with a Cluster 5 compatible wideband 2-channel RF receiver and wideband meander line antenna array. We demonstrate EW algorithms, such as virtual demodulation, hop and chip rate detection and cyclostationary correlation using software downloads. Virtual demodulators detect, classify, and demodulate multiple signals. Rate detectors and cyclostationary correlators detect and parametrize spread spectrum and hybrid waveforms. In combination, multiple conventional and spread spectrum waveforms can be detected, classified, dehopped/despread, and demodulated on the fly, then analyzed and displayed to the Warfighter.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-8963
Dr. Andrew Thies
ARMY 05-208      Selected for Award
Title:Agile Maneuvering Smart Projectiles for Enhanced Lethality Munitions
Abstract:The benefits of guided munitions have been demonstrated during conflicts in recent years. It is now commonplace to see bombs and cruise missiles guide themselves for pinpoint strikes against enemy targets specified by GPS locations. Up to this point, however, self-guidance has been limited to rather expensive munitions (e.g, in the tens, to hundreds, of thousands of dollars range) deployed from large distances. There are clearly a number of benefits to applying cost-effective guidance and control (G&C) to current "dumb" rounds, such as mortars and artillery, for the purpose of providing a pinpoint strike capability to small units.

SCHAFER CORP.
321 Billerica Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 721-9572
Mr. Bruce Peters
ARMY 05-208      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Agile Maneuvering Smart Projectiles for Enhanced Lethality Munitions
Abstract:The application of conventional artillery in urban battlefield environments is limited because of time critical mobile targets, complex cluttered scenes, and obscured or camouflaged enemy elements mixed within a civilian population. Smart Artillery will increase accuracy against enemy targets, reduce collateral damage, and improve survivability by allowing maneuvering and retargeting of the projectile in-flight to achieve improved lethality. Technological advances in solid state miniaturization, communications, materials, and structures enable smart artillery with an in-flight maneuvering capability to obtain greater accuracy against targets or engage new and/or higher value targets. Success depends on minimizing the mass, size, and shape impacts to the projectile to increase effectiveness while controlling cost of the weapon system in order to permit pervasive application. A low mass flight control subsystem is achieved by off-loading the guidance function from the projectile to a Tracking and Control Radar. The radar tracks the artillery round in flight and communicates guidance commands to the projectile which executes the commands using innovative low-mass deployable fins to adjust its trajectory. This approach simplifies the design and mass of the projectile in order to reduce recurring cost.

ARC TECHNOLOGY
12978 NW 90th St.
Whitewater, KS 67154
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(316) 799-2763
Mr. William Carey
ARMY 05-209      Selected for Award
Title:Multipoint Exploding foil Initiator System
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a multipoint exploding foil initiator trigger system that enables programmable delays between EFI detonations. The temporal jitters are less than 50 ns from the initial trigger signal to the firing of each EFI. This enables precise control of the detonation wave in an explosive from multiple initiation points. The system is comprised of a control module which generates programmable delay signals to 1.5 cm3 EFI drivers that are co-located near the EFI itself to minimize inductive and resistive losses. All components are COTS for reduced cost and quick development. Feasibility is demonstrated at the end of the Phase I OPTION by measuring the performance of a system firing 4 EFIs with independent delays for each EFI up to 5 microseconds and 50 ns jitter. Two EFI manufacturers and a commercial end user are assisting in this development to assure its success.

TRS CERAMICS, INC.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Dr. Wesley S. Hackenberger
ARMY 05-209      Selected for Award
Title:Pulsed Power for Fuzes
Abstract:TRS Technologies, Inc. along with CalRamic, LLC, and HEM Technologies, LLC will develop and test new ferroelectric generator components and very high energy density capacitors to dramatically reduce the size of detonation systems designed around multipoint Explosive Foil Initiators (EFI). We will develop high energy, highly efficient ferroelectric discharge elements for ferroelectric explosive generators (FEG's). These units will consist of multilayer ferroelectric ceramics designed with a high remnant polarization (Pr) and high depolarization field (and pressure) for high energy density. The multilayer elements will be constructed in a multiterminal format with inherent time delays so that one FEG can drive multiple EFI's. In addition, TRS will develop antiferroelectric capacitors for capacitive discharge units (CDU's). AFE capacitors can store up to 100X the energy of mica capacitor. The nonlinear characteristics of AFE capacitors will make them safer than conventional dielectrics. The capacitors can be designed so that a threshold voltage is required for the AFE to store sufficient energy to drive a detonator. At the conclusion of the Phase I program we will have developed the components required for a compact, multipoint EFI detonation system which will be prototyped in Phase II.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Mr. Ron Martin
ARMY 05-210      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Army (LWA) High Altitude Airship (1000-743)
Abstract:Triton Systems and Lockheed Martin ADP (Skunk Works) propose to leverage their existing work on Missile Defense Agency's HAA and DARPA's ISIS programs to develop a LightWeight Army (LWA) lighter-than-air airship that will provide the warfighter with a 50 to 100 pound payload of persistent ISR capability. The LWA will be designed to fly at 60,000 feet altitude, over military targets; it will have 48-hour minimum on-station management; and, it will have the capability of being launched, retrieved, repaired, and re-launched in the field. In the Phase I, Triton's team will design the airship's size, volume, and hull material, as well as we will identify subsystems, develop ConOps concepts - how we will launch, manage flight, retrieve, repair, store, and re-launch the airship, and we will provide the Army with parametric cost analysis to allow the trades of cost versus performance. In the Phase II, a 2007 first flight is planned to demonstrate the capability with an integrated payload - at altitude.

NAVSYS CORP.
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Dr. Alison K. Brown
ARMY 05-211      Selected for Award
Title:Research on the Development of a Miniature, Low Power Global Positioning System (GPS)/Inertial Registration Device For Use As A Weapon Orientation Sensor In Future Tactical Engagement Simulation Systems
Abstract:A solution is needed to support training operations in both an outdoor and indoor environment with precise 3-D positioning and weapon orientation to allow geometric pairing. Research solutions are needed to provide a cost effective approach for dealing with this tough problem. Our proposed solution is to leverage an ultra-low power military GPS tracking capability integrated with a low power inertial sensor that can be mounted on a dismounted soldier's small arms weapon. This small, lightweight, low power sensor assembly can be used as an absolute positioning and angular reference for tactical engagement simulation systems during live training exercises and during operational and developmental testing casualty assessment events. Under the Phase I effort we will develop a design concept for the GPS/inertial sensor assembly addressing the partitioning of functionality between the different system components and the security architecture proposed to be applied to allow for P(Y) code signal processing. The final product, under the Phase I effort, will be a report including a system specification with the estimated size, weight, power and wireless interface description for the proposed Phase II prototype units, and the packaging of technologies to support the harsh environments of the military applications.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Benjamin D. Werner
ARMY 05-211      Selected for Award
Title:A Miniature, Low Power GPS/INS Device for Use as a Weapon Orientation Sensor
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a high-accuracy, self-contained position and orientation sensor for use in soldier head and weapon tracking applications. The Hybrid Fixed Inertial (HyFIT) navigation system contains three main subsystems: an inertial measurement unit (IMU), Toyon's MIDAAST GPS antenna, and Toyon's BugEyeT ultrasonic positioning device. The synthesis of these three components provides a high-accuracy navigation unit that can be used both indoors and outdoors, and will yield high accuracy in both position and attitude with zero drift. The HyFI navigation system will be small, light, low power, and low cost.

SOVOZ, INC.
37 Station Drive, Suite A
Princeton Jct., NJ 08550
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 799-8544
Dr. Stephen Lane
ARMY 05-212      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Control Interface for Driving Interactive Characters in Immersive Virtual Environments
Abstract:The effectiveness of training personnel in immersive 3D virtual environments is currently limited by control interfaces that require users to perform actions, for example moving a joystick or pressing a button, that are not present in equivalent real world tasks and situations. In Phase I of the project soVoz will determine the feasibility of developing advanced man/machine Virtual Control System (VCS) interfaces capable of providing dismounted infantry with a more natural and effective means for controlling the movement and body posture of their avatar in immersive 3D training applications. In the proposed project, a Virtual Control System interface device prototype will be developed and soVoz's component-based 3D simulation technology and authoring tools will be used to create a MOUT room clearing task scenario to evaluate the effectiveness of the approach. Successful completion of Phase I of the project will set the stage for developing a fully wearable Virtual Control System device in Phase II capable of being used with current embedded dismounted infantry training systems.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5180
Dr. Robert Fricke
ARMY 05-213      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Automatic Real-Time Magnetometer Error Compensation and Calibration
Abstract:The proposed effort in this SBIR program is to develop an auto-compensation method for field deployed, strap-down magnetometers. The solution we propose is a system solution that includes sensor design, initial calibration, use of auxiliary field sensors, and automated field compensation methods. The TIAX proposed solution considers aspects of the magnetometer, CPU, IMU, and GPS system within the player unit, to one degree or another. The principal focus of the offering is on the magnetometer and the inertial measurement unit. The output desired from an orientation measurement device is roll and pitch attitude angle with respect to the local horizontal plane, and the heading angle relative to true (geographic) North. Pitch and roll are computed from the IMU signals and are referenced to the local gravity vector. Heading angle to true North is a more complicated matter and is the principal subject of this proposed effort.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Benjamin D. Werner
ARMY 05-214      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Man Wearable Virtual Movement Tracking
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a high-accuracy, self-contained position and orientation sensor for use in soldier head and weapon tracking applications. The Hybrid Fixed Inertial (HyFIT) navigation system contains three main subsystems: an inertial measurement unit (IMU), Toyon's MIDAAST GPS antenna, and Toyon's BugEyeT ultrasonic positioning device. The synthesis of these three components provides a high-accuracy navigation unit that can be used both indoors and outdoors, and will yield high accuracy in both position and attitude with zero drift. The HyFI navigation system will be small, light, low power, and low cost.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 277-9288
Dr. Jennifer Fowlkes
ARMY 05-215      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:HapMed: Application of Haptics for Combat Medic Training
Abstract:Haptic interfaces are being designed to enhance immersive training opportunities in computer-based training environments. One potential application is the training of combat medics within realistic warfighting scenarios. The addition of haptic feedback can potentially enhance the perception of immersion, facilitate learning, and expand the breadth of skills that can be trained. However, while visual and auditory stimuli have long been effectively incorporated into immersive training environments, haptics stimulation has lagged behind, due in large part to factors such as cost and the immature state of haptics technologies. For this effort, CHI Systems, Inc. proposes to team with the University of Central Florida's Institute for Simulation and Training to investigate how best to use haptics to support the training of combat medic tasks. In Phase I, the project team will leverage and extend the extensive work performed by CHI Systems and IST in the areas of haptics training research and technology development to assess haptic technologies as they apply to training of 91W10 combat medic tasks. The analysis will result in the design of HapMed, an immersive computer-based training system envisioned to provide pedagogically sound training of combat medic tasks incorporating haptic feedback.

TACTICAL LANGUAGE TRAINING, LLC
13101 W. Washington Blvd #413
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 566-7272
Dr. Andre Valente
ARMY 05-216      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Authoring and Personalization Technologies for Interactive Language and Culture Training
Abstract:Tactical Language Training, LLC proposes to develop technologies for customizing computer-based language training to learner characteristics, and for authoring new training scenarios. These capabilities will be developed as extensions of the Tactical Language Training System (TLTS), an interactive speech-enabled language and culture training system, which is already in use within the US military. Trainees acquire linguistic and cultural knowledge oriented toward requirements of particular missions. They complete interactive lessons and exercises oriented toward specific mission skills, and then apply their skills in simulated missions where they much communicate with indigenous characters and develop their trust.

VCOM3D, INC.
3452 Lake Lynda Dr., Suite 260
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 737-7309
Dr. Edward M. Sims
ARMY 05-216      Awarded: 08NOV05
Title:Enriched Cross-Cultural and Language Familiarization Training Tools
Abstract:For this Phase I SBIR project, we will develop a design baseline for authoring tools and a run-time environment for creating and delivering vignettes for cross-cultural and foreign language training. As part of these training vignettes, the learner will be able to interact with role-playing virtual humans, representing indigenous characters, using a spoken language interface. These vignettes will place the learners in realistic situations in which they must try to elicit information from the simulated characters, or to influence their behavior. Depending on his/her spoken responses to the characters' statements or actions in various situations, the learner will receive feedback in any of three forms: by observing the reaction or response of the characters; by receiving remediation on pronunciation, intonation, or prosody; or by receiving direct feedback on the content of his/her spoken response, given the situation at hand and goal that is to be achieved. For Phase I, we will not only develop and document the design baseline, but will also implement proof-of-concept software to verify technical feasibility of selected components. For Phase II, we will develop a fully functional prototype of the Authoring Tool and run-time software, and evaluate its efficacy and efficiency by creating example learning content.

GS ENGINEERING, INC.
101 West Lakeshore Drive
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-1235
Mr. Glen Simula
ARMY 05-217      Selected for Award
Title:Investigation into Novel Approachesto Maximize the Performance of Lightweight Vehicular Mechanical Countermine Equipment
Abstract:Due to the widespread use of landmines in past and current conflicts, effective mine-clearing systems are in ever-increasing demand in today's military and humanitarian efforts around the world. GS Engineering (GSE) has invented a unique system that will greatly advance the current state of the art in mine-clearing. Existing mine-clearing systems require significant tractive effort, thus forcing them to rely on large prime movers such as tanks, or other specialized vehicles. This new invention will allow lightweight vehicles to become mine-clearing capable, thus greatly increasing the capabilities and safety of deployed ground forces. This new device will be portable, modular, lightweight, scalable and adaptable to a wide variety of future and existing vehicle platforms. This countermine device will offer additional benefits such as reduced fuel costs, increased aircraft payload capacity, simplified logistics, reduced maintenance, and reduced shipping costs. GSE's new technology would also increase mine blast survivability and durability by increasing the stand-off distance from detonated mines. This will be achieved by innovative new techniques for mine neutralization, coupled with the use of advanced materials to provide increased durability.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Mr. Jim Gorman
ARMY 05-218      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Field Repair for Composite Armor (FRCA) (1000-754)
Abstract:There is a need to develop field repair methods for Future Combat Systems (FCS) composite armor to restore ballistic threat protection until depot-level repairs can be made. Building upon the composite armor field repair database generated under the Composite Armor Vehicle and Crusader programs, Triton shall develop the Field Repair of Composite Armor (FRCA). FRCA has the potential to restore a significant portion of the as-made ballistic protection, yet repairs can be performed relatively quickly without the need for specialist skills. This is accomplished using a special repair tool that performs several critical process steps while assuring repair integrity, minimizing operator skill requirements and reducing repair time. In Phase I, materials, processes, tools and equipment used in the FRCA method shall be developed to the point of demonstration. Guided by team partner BAE Systems (was United Defense), composite armor panels representative of anticipated FCS configurations shall be produced. Ballistically damaged panels shall then be repaired using the FRCA repair method, demonstrating the applicability, final quality, skills and time required to perform the repairs. Both undamaged and damaged panels will be ballistic tested against representative FCS threats. Residual ballistic protection capability shall be measured to define the effectiveness of the repair.

MOBILE INTELLIGENCE CORP.
33150 Schoolcraft Road, Suite 108
Livonia, MI 48150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 367-0430
Dr. Douglas C. MacKenzie
ARMY 05-219      Awarded: 04NOV05
Title:An Autonomous Control Package for UGVs
Abstract:We propose building a bolt-on controller for teleoperated robots that provides autonomous operations in collaboration with the human operator. This will include a "follow that" capability where the robot will follow the operator or vehicle at a distance using vision, and a "go there" capability that will follow a path sketched on an image viewed from the robot's navigation camera. We will also explore the possibility of recognizing a small number of hand signals to allow controlling the robot without the screen-based interface. The operator will have full teleoperation capabilities to recover from failures. The system will use stereo vision for obstacle avoidance and visual odometry, avoiding relying on GPS and LADAR which are prone to failures. The operator control unit will be constructed from a standard hand-held computer with a wireless network to the robot. Bluetooth and 802.11 networks will be evaluated with respect to the emissions requirements and desired functionality to select the interface.

QUANTUM SIGNAL, LLC
3741 Plaza Drive, Suite 1
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 994-0028
Dr. Mitchell M. Rohde
ARMY 05-219      Awarded: 18NOV05
Title:PointCom: Semi-Autonomous UGV Control with Intuitive Interface
Abstract:Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) will play an important role in the nation's next-generation ground forces. Unmanned systems will perform a wide variety of roles, including robotic mule applications, unarmed/armed reconnaissance, and EOD/IED (improvised explosive device) inspection and disposal. While the future vision for UGVs is one of fully autonomous navigation and control, current-generation UGVs are controlled manually. Manual teleoperation requires substantial attention of one or more soldiers, which is a significant burden. A desirable near-term approach to UGV control is semi-autonomy, which leverages the planning, reasoning, and situational awareness skills of a human operator while taking advantage of a UGV's ability to reliably perform low-level control tasks. Quantum Signal LLC proposes to develop PointCom (Point-and-Go Command): a semi-autonomous command system for one or multiple UGVs. The system will be easy to operate, and will enable significant reduction in operator workload by: 1) Developing an innovative, intuitive image-based control framework for UGV navigation; 2) Allowing a single operator to command formations of multiple UGVs. This system will leverage technology and expertise in robotics, signal/image processing, control, navigation, and commercial video game interfaces. Phase I will focus on research and design of the PointCom system, including tradeoff and feasibility analysis.

TURING ASSOC., INC.
1392 Honey Run Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 665-4818
Dr. Gary Witus
ARMY 05-219      Awarded: 03NOV05
Title:Supervisory Control for Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:This project will develop interface methods, vision algorithms, and navigation behaviors for UGV supervisory control. Supervisory control reduces the operator workload while providing ease-of-use, predictability and responsiveness in unstructured, dynamic, and unpredictable real-world situations. In our concept, the operator interacts with the UGV via a touch-sensitive display showing video from an on-board navigation camera or a 3rd party camera in overwatch. The operator "clicks" on a single point to tell the UGV to "Go There!", sketches a path/waypoints, designates a lead vehicle, or assigns the UGV to follow video collected from an earlier lead vehicle. Sketched control measures direct the UGV to avoid selected types of terrain. We will develop core system functions for visual navigation, recognizing denied terrain, and visual homing. We will produce a demonstrator system, test data to assess performance and computational burden tradeoffs for alternative formulations, and a preliminary system design for Phase II implementation. Previous R&D demonstrated monocular video destination/waypoint tracking and visual terrain classification. We will investigate enhancements, including hybrid methods combining the best features of alternative algorithms. We will extend the methods to estimate distance, to incorporate data from additional sensors including stereo cameras, and to produce driving and navigation commands.

NOVELTECH, INC.
3725 Tremont Lane
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 207-1990
Dr. Chunlei Xie
ARMY 05-220      Awarded: 29NOV05
Title:Smart Structures for MEMS Packaging and Shape Memory Alloys (SMA)
Abstract:The overall objective of the program is to develop novel MEMS packaging concepts using SMA-based smart structures, especially to enhance sealing reliability, as well as flexibility in assembly/disassembly/packaging. The specific objectives of the program can be enumerated as follows: (1) Feasibility study on SMA micro-material system selection, Ferro-based SMA and SMA (Ferro plus NiTi) hybrid composition. (2) Investigation of micro-manufacturing processes, including micro-fabrication, thermalmechanical stabilization and shape memory training. (3) Evaluation of physical and mechanical properties, and relationship between material composition/processing condition and resulting characteristics.

APPLIED PERCEPTION, INC.
109 Gateway Avenue, Suite 201
Wexford, PA 15090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 934-8965
Dr. Patrick Rowe
ARMY 05-221      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:A Payload, Controller and Communications Toolkit for Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:The use of small unmanned ground vehicles in both military and civilian operations is rapidly growing. Unfortunately, vendors today only offer their own proprietary Operator Control Units and vehicle payloads that can only be used with their vehicle platform. The objective of this Phase I effort is to design a toolkit of common and interchangeable components for small unmanned ground vehicles to perform a variety of tasks such as grasping, carrying, digging, etc. The Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle Infrastructure Toolkit will include one or more manipulator and end-effector designs to accomplish a number of tasks, an Operator Control Unit that allows an operator to customize a controller of his choice for the manipulator device in a context sensitive fashion, and non-RF communication alternatives that the operator can select given the nature of the task. The interchangeable, plug-and-play nature of the toolkit will increase productivity by decreasing training time, improving operator skill, and simplifying logistics and maintenance. The deliverables will be prototype designs of the manipulator payloads, a prototype customizable Operator Control Unit, and a market survey of current non-RF based communication technologies.

RE2, INC.
10 Fortieth Street, Suite 222
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Mr. Jorgen Pedersen
ARMY 05-221      Awarded: 17NOV05
Title:Small Robot Infrastructure Toolkit
Abstract:Military and Law Enforcement groups are increasingly relying on small robotic Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) to perform a number of tasks. Many currently fielded UGVs per-form admirably on the narrow set of tasks they were designed for, but are generally unsuitable for tasks that vary too widely from their core competencies. Our Small Robotic Infrastructure Toolkit (SRIT) - consisting of a low degree-of-freedom manipu-lator arm, interchangeable end-effectors, a complete communications package and an adaptive Operator Control Unit (OCU) - increases the capabilities of currently fielded robotic UGVs by increasing the number of tools and end effectors available to them. The "plug'n'play" style of our SRIT allows operators to choose the appropriate tool for the task, and quickly attach it to the manipulator arm. Our SRIT is designed to be generic and modular. As future tasks are identified, new end effectors can be easily designed and integrated into the existing system. The manipulator arm uses a "Black & Decker" inspired Power Take Off that provides power and control for attached end effectors. The interchangeable end effectors are designed to be easily replace-able low cost units.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. William B.G. Agassounon
ARMY 05-222      Selected for Award
Title:Rapid Road Edge Detection Based on Biomimetic Image Processing
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a fast-response sensor system for road edge detection and rollover prevention, which incorporates our unique, ultra-fast image processing algorithm based on insect vision. The proposed system consists of: (1) A camera system comprising a monochrome video camera for clear daytime view and a long wavelength infrared camera for nighttime view and for detection through smoke, fog, rain, and snow; (2) A long-range, planar laser scanner for roadside terrain steepness assessment; (3) A processing module in which: (i) a biomimetic image processor detects edges present in the images in real time; (ii) a vector-based algorithm identifies the edges pertaining to the road among the detected edges; and (iii) a rollover threat algorithm detects the presence of negative terrain and warns the driver; and (4) A GUI displays the current road image, detected boundaries, and roadside terrain steepness. Phase I will: (1) Demonstrate the fast processing algorithms; (2) Demonstrate roadside terrain steepness assessment; (3) Determine optimal sensor placement using detection range and system response time as performance metrics; and (4) Develop a GUI. Phase II will develop a fully functional prototype and conduct field test.

AESOP, INC.
One Merrill Crossing
Bow, NH 03304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 818-3332
Dr. James White
ARMY 05-223      Awarded: 29NOV05
Title:In-situ Measurement of Automotive Fluids Degradation by Micro-ESR Spectrometry
Abstract:Optimized preventative maintenance schedules and in-situ monitoring of vehicle fluid conditions are essential for vehicle reliability, especially when operating in extreme conditions. In the particular case of engine oil, while many types of sensors exist, none directly measure in real time the chemical changes occurring as the oil degrades. A novel, miniature electron spin resonance oil condition sensor that electronically detects free radical concentration in engine oil is proposed. In combination with commercially-available pH, dielectric and humidity sensors adapted for automotive use, a full suite of onboard vehicle fluid diagnostic sensors can be implemented.

VISCA, LLC
2301 W. Big Beaver, Suite 950
Troy, MI 48084
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 840-6575
Mr. Bill J. Harris
ARMY 05-223      Awarded: 28NOV05
Title:Multi-Tasked Microtechnology Based Sensor for Automotive Fluidic Analysis
Abstract:The objective of this Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program is to develop a microtechnology based inline capable multi-tasked sensor for automotive fluidic analysis. Optical spectrometer can provide signatures of fluid absorption changes associated with contamination. Raman is a powerful analysis technique that uses optical reflection and optical spectra due to molecular vibrations providing information on the composition and chemical makeup of samples. Initial work on prototype gratings (key component) shows a device with resolution exceeding that necessary for optical and Raman spectrometry. Since the fluidic sampling, light source and microspectrometer can all be integrated on chip in a sub centimeter sized package on one substrate, the device is expected to be very economical. Visca will develop ultra small microspectrometers on a chip that can be used for dual use for optical spectrometry and Raman spectrometry. Key prototype components of the system will be fabricated and tested during Phase I as a proof of concept demonstration of the technology. Visca will also design an integrated data acquisition and wireless data transmission system for the sensor. Finally, Visca will analyze the cost per unit to manufacture, cost savings to Department of Defense, and the dual use applicability of the sensing system.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Mr. Kevin Le
ARMY 05-223      Awarded: 23NOV05
Title:Multi-Tasked Microtechnology Based Sensor for Automotive Fluidic Analysis
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc. (WPI) proposes to develop an optical MEMS multi-task fluidic analyzer (OMFA) that provides on-board diagnostic and prognostic capabilities for engine fluids. The basic function of OMFA is to automatically analyze and report the condition of engine fluids. WPI will develop a compact engine fluidic analyzing system consisting of a (1) sensor head that Senses changes in fluid's optical properties and (2) a sensor interrogator that interrogates the sensor. The interrogator contains optical elements, supporting electronics, and embedded software to process raw data into meaningful information indicating the fluid's condition. OMFA uses a MEMS Fabry-Perot optical cavity on top of the sensor head to diagnose fluid degradation. OMFA will be integrated with sophisticated electronic circuitry and embedded signal processing software algorithms that accurately interrogate the optical MEMS based fluidic sensor. Data generated from the interrogator will be sent to vehicle's data bus using a military-compatible communication protocol, which will be available to maintenance crews via the vehicle's computer interfaces.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Mr. Kartik Moorthy
ARMY 05-224      Awarded: 18NOV05
Title:Rapidly Deployable Wireless Autonomous Surveillance & Warning System
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc. proposes to develop a network of portable, plug-and-play, distributed surveillance systems called Secure Wireless Ad-hoc Network Surveillance (SWANS) that integrates multiple disparate sensors (e.g., standard video, IR camera, seismic, chemical, acoustic sensors), automates processing, and provides key intelligence information to backend computer systems. SWANS system uses an ad hoc network of Wireless Sensor Nodes (WSN) that collects and processes data from existing mature sensors. In addition to processing visual information, the WSNs will process and transmit other sensory data such as that of intrusion detection, vibration, chemical detection, and other RF-based sensors, enabling SWANS to collaborate with existing C2 and C4ISR capabilities. As the WSNs collect data about the environment, they collaborate to assemble a comprehensive interpretation of the environment. The WSN processes all sensor data and sends it to a backend monitoring system. This backend monitoring system hosts agent-based software to perform several functions: condition monitoring; target identification, detection and classification; and geo-location. Once SWANS interprets the environment/target, it automatically updates the tasking for individual sensor systems to resolve remaining ambiguity or improve the system's ability to assess activity in the environment. Thus, SWANS provides maximum information with minimal human intervention.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Bikas Vaidya
ARMY 05-225      Awarded: 18NOV05
Title:A Novel Embedded Sensor Array for Corrosion Monitoring
Abstract:Military vehicles such as trucks, tanks, aircraft, and ships are used in a variety of harsh environmental conditions such as salt water oceans, arid desserts, the humid tropics, as well as cold climates. As a result of these extreme environmental conditions, the Department of Defense spends close to $20 billion annually in corrosion-related maintenance, repair/replacement, and personnel costs. Corrosion can progress even beneath painted surfaces with no immediate visual evidence until substantial structural damage has occurred. To minimize the cost associate with extensive repairs, replacement and downtime, Lynntech proposes to develop a continuous corrosion monitoring system which will detect the rates of corrosion, allowing preventive measures to be taken prior to metal fatigue. Lynntech's approach is to use sacrificial metallic array based sensor which is placed underneath the layer of paint. The embedded corrosion sensor will detect and quantify the rate of corrosion and wirelessly transmit the information to handheld monitor. The simplicity and low costs make this technology an attractive solution to monitoring a large number of military vehicles.

EMITECH, INC.
476 Locust St., suite 5
Fall River, MA 02720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 324-0758
Dr. I. A. levitsky
ARMY 05-226      Selected for Award
Title:Highly Sensitive and Selective Optochemical Sensors Based on Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposite for Real-Time, Standoff Detection of Vehicle-Borne IEDs
Abstract:We propose to study and develop a novel, highly sensitive and selective optochemical sensory system based on organic-inorganic nanocomposites for a real-time, standoff detection of vehicle-borne IEDs. The sensory part of the device will be composed of a mesoporous silicon microcavity (pore size of 20nm -100nm) filled with organic transducers (sensory emissive polymers or polymers blended with dyes) that are specific to analyte vapors. The unique nanodevice structure will provide a large surface interface between the sensory material and the analytes leading to the highest sensitivity, which is critical for the fast detection (dwell time is about of several tens seconds or even seconds) of low vapor pressure chemicals like many explosives. High selectivity will be provided by the precise positioning of the extremely narrow resonant peak (luminescence) and its intensity for each element of the sensor array. A sensor will be placed on the tip of the lightweight telescopic probe/console (length up to 20 m and longer) which can be mounted to HMMWV or other armor vehicles. Also, sensory head can be installed on the small robotic vehicle or mini unmanned plane (standoff distance is of 100 m) teleoperated from HMMWV. In Phase I, the proposed new concept should provide fabrication and preliminary test of novel nanocomposite sensory system with superior sensing properties to low volatility explosives. In Phase II, the system will be optimized (sensor array, MEMS format) to improve device performance and reduced its cost.

IKTARA & ASSOC.
8824 Burning Tree Road
Bethesda, MD 20817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 365-5332
Dr. Davinder K. Anand
ARMY 05-227      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Development of an Intelligent Design Information Management System
Abstract:Commercially available software systems for mechanical design only store the final design, and all intermediate information generated during the design process is lost. This intermediate information, however, is quite valuable in understanding the thought process through which the initial requirements are transformed into the final design. The loss of information prevents efficient utilization of previous design information in subsequent design projects. Even if some design information is archived, existing software systems do not provide an efficient content-based search tools to search through the archived information. We propose to develop a methodology and a system that will allow designers to effectively archive and retrieve design history, specifications, requirements, function, geometry, test results, and rationale information during the design process. The proposed work consists of the following tasks: (1) development of a comprehensive design information model, (2) assessment of Feasibility of Using Standards in Information Representations, (3) development of a framework to support customizable search criteria, and (4) development of a new framework to support multi-modal search.

IMAGINESTICS, LLC
1220 Potter Drive, Suite 124
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 464-1700
Mr. Nainesh Rathod
ARMY 05-227      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Development of an Intelligent Design Information Management System
Abstract:The US Army is currently faced with a serious obstcale in its effort to undertake rapid and cost efficient upgrade of its weapons platforms due to the inability of CAD applications to archive and retrieve existing design information. This inability is mainly due to the lack of an archival system to store important design information and inadequacy of available technologies in allowing efficient access to the inventory of design data on parts, components and assemblies stored in disparate systems and formats and . Imaginestics' proposes to research and develop a Design Reuse Management System (DRMS) that will fulfill the Army's needs for Design Reuse and will deliver the following: An Archival Technology "i-Archive" which will allow the designer to archive Geometrical Design Knowledge and Function and Specification Design Knowledge using shape-based retrieval of 3D geometric data and by integrating partial NLP techniques and Ontology representations. An Integrated Design Search Technology "i-Search" using Geometric Query Processing and Function and Specification/Text Query Processing. As a part of the option, we propose to continue further development of the capability of the 3DShape Search engine to identify matching interfaces with a view to promote interchangeability of parts within a product family and across platforms.

MTS TECHNOLOGIES
2800 Shirlington Road, Suite 1000
Arlington, VA 22206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 262-3717
Mr. Peter Knaze
ARMY 05-228      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Vehicle and Fleet Reliability & Cost Modeling Tools
Abstract:This project will develop the methodologies and modeling tools for predicting reliability, performance, and cost as integrated functions within a system framework. The methods and tools will provide for the evaluation of reliability, performance, and costs of fleets of vehicles down to the component level. The product resulting from this research will enable managers and engineers to identify and prioritize those parameters that drive reliability, performance, and cost by providing analysis in the form of trade off models. The ultimate goal of the methodologies and tools to be developed is to achieve improved levels of reliability and performance in existing and emerging products at comparable or lower costs. With this tool, managers, engineers, designers, and others could assess the predicted effects of issues such as materials and manufacturing variability on the reliability, performance, and cost of current and emerging systems. Statistical analysis techniques and algorithms supporting the developed methodologies will be implemented and applied within the system framework. The system would also provide the capability to compare the system generated predictions with actual performance, reliability, and cost data collected on deployed systems. This will enable a closed loop performance based logistics system.

VEXTEC CORP.
750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 372-0299
Dr. Animesh Dey
ARMY 05-228      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Vehicle and Fleet Reliability & Cost Modeling Tools
Abstract:OEMs have historically been forced into short term planning due to the nature of the market for their products; however they have increasingly turned to a new agile approach to planning of design and production. Tools for the development and exploitation of capabilities need to be developed to be successful in a changing, nonlinear, uncertain and unpredictable environment. Specifically simulation and analysis of possible vehicle design performance and reliability in the various operating environments while considering cost trade-offs is a paramount need. The reliability of the final system is a function of the reliability of all of the parts, including interconnections between the parts. If component reliability is sufficiently understood, it becomes possible to mathematically model the contributions to overall system reliability from each of the lower level elements. This SBIR will build on the existing capability used within the automotive sector to develop the methodology and modeling tools for predicting reliability, performance, and cost of future military systems as integrated functions. Using such a tool, engineers, designers, and others could assess the real world effect of issues such as materials and manufacturing variability for concentrating design controls on parameters most likely to drive reliability and performance.

IDETIX SOFTWARE SYSTEMS
2399 E. Walton Blvd.
Auburn Hills, MI 48326
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 373-9550
Mr. Jay Williamson
ARMY 05-229      Selected for Award
Title:Web-Centric Intelligent Agent Support Agent for the Retrieval and Distribution of Acquisition and Program Information (WISARD-API)
Abstract:Key to the development and delivery of a successful IA work product is technology developed by Idetix, Inc. The Idetix eScoreT tool set allows for rapid deployment of a full Net-Centric information sharing environment with distributed databases. In essence, the Idetix eScoreT tool set may be thought of as a universal "plug-and-play" environment for web based applications that facilitates information sharing, (read/write/analysis/presentation), between dynamically changing individuals, groups and databases. The Idetix eScoreT tool set is a proprietary, fifth generation computer language that was conceived to solve the perpetual IT problem of marrying new or different operating systems (OS) to legacy databases (DB's) and customized in-house programs. It consists of 3 parts: an engine for web-based applications, a TCPIP/peer-to-peer server, and an API that works with C, C++, VB, Delphi, Borland Builder, C Sharp, VB.NET, and Visual C++. The engine uses base tags for function calls and inserts tags for specific data and display. The algorithms used in the language automate the functionality of the engine and API to such a degree that 90% reductions in customized coding requirements are not uncommon!

PPMA, LLC
1333 Woodgate Drive
Carmel, IN 46033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 566-8969
Dr. Chaman Lall
ARMY 05-231      Awarded: 16NOV05
Title:Develop New Innovative Driveline Designs and Components for Improved Service Life, Performance and Durability
Abstract:PPMA, LLC, proposes development of an innovative universal joint for Class 8 Trucks that is lubrication-free, requires no maintenance, and improves operational performance. It will rely on unique surface design (GC) technology, proven on the HMMWV in field tests. The technology received the Army 1995 Quality Award and acclaim at the 2004 NATO RTE Conference. To meet greater torque load requirements of Class 8 trucks, we propose to develop a high strength lubricious material, interactively integrated with surface configurations determined by GC calculations. Bench testing will demonstrate increased load-carrying capacity of this new tribological system. The design promises solutions to driveline wobbulation and vibrations, which lead to catastrophic driveline failures, and often cause contiguous subsystem damage. It removes all moving parts (roller needles and washers). There is no need for channels in the cross to serve as grease reservoirs. The stronger cross improves its performance, durability, reliability, fuel efficiency, and readiness.

W.C. BOSK, INC.
914 North Lincoln Rd
Escanaba, MI 49829
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 789-1112
Mr. Brian K. Bosk
ARMY 05-231      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Develop New Innovative Driveline Designs and Components for Improved Service Life, Performance and Durability
Abstract:Design complete drive line protection for the M915(Truck Family). It will come in the form of a proven concept known as, the W.C. Bosk wedge clutch. We will obtain techincal data from the army and OEM on the vehicle. From this information we will determine a mounting area on the problem drive shaft. Also from this data we will be able to, calculate the maximum torque the problem shaft will take before failure occurs. We will then design a wedge clutch that will fit into the designated mounting area. After knowing the failure point and the size of clutch the mounting area will accomodate, we will design a working clutch which can be retrofitted on the vehicle. The clutch will be designed to slip, at a rated torque load just prior to the failure point. After the torque is reduced in the drive line, the clutch will reset itself allowing the vehicle to continue on, rather than being in need of broke drive line repairs or rear end repairs.

LOC PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS, INC.
13505 Haggerty Road
Plymouth, MI 48170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 453-2300
Mr. James Pergeau
ARMY 05-232      Selected for Award
Title:New Leap-ahead Technology and Innovative Final Drive Design Approaches
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demostrate the feasibility of using improved materials in the design of Final Drives in conjuction with improved lubricants, seal technology and gear technology that may result in a two (2)fold increase in reliability/durability. These gains can be used in a new design for military and commericial Final Drives to reduce overall unit size, weight and generation which can also be translated into improved efficiency. As an off shoot, a sensor alert system would be developed to detect temperature extremes and low lube levels. The development of gear technology will be evaluating alternative gear profiles, along with improved gear profile finishes/tolerances. In Phase I Loc will complete the prototype analysis of the above mentioned design features leading to the Phase II development of a tested unit in order to verify as anticipated (2)fold improvement in durability.

FILTER SCIENCE, INC.
31514 Yucaipa Blvd., Suite D
Yucaipa, CA 92399
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(909) 389-0682
Mr. Philip H. Schneider
ARMY 05-233      Selected for Award
Title:Air Filter Integrity and Serviceability Testing
Abstract:This proposal will extend the service life of air filters and engines. Filters will be tested for leakage (structural integrity) and air-flow restriction when vehicles are serviced. Good-condition filters will be kept in service, saving money and landfill space. At any time (including brand new), filters may start leaking dust and dirt, causing excessive engine wear. Those filers will be detected early. Our machine will test each filter up to its maximum rated air flow. We will feed calibrated test dust upstream and count leaked particles downstream with a laser particle counter. A manometer will measure pressure drop. Sensors will transmit data to a computer where filter efficiencies (dust leakage) and pressure drops (restriction) are calculated to reveal defective filters. Filters cleaned for reuse will benefit greatly. Accumulated data will answer questions like "how many times can a filter be cleaned" and "how many hours of pulse-jet cleaning can an M1 Vee Pac filter really take before media separation begins?" This testing can be easily and inexpensively performed in a shop. Testing requires no vehicle modifications or manufacturer participation. Acquired data will aid filter management and allow comparison of brands.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Dr. Gokhan Alptekin
ARMY 05-234      Awarded: 22NOV05
Title:Advanced Amorphous Metal Membranes for Hydrogen Separation
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Low temperature fuel cells require a relatively pure, concentrated hydrogen stream, with very low levels of sulfur and carbon monoxide in order to prevent poisoning of fuel cell anode catalysts, and even the far more robust high temperature solid oxide fuel cells are poisoned by sulfur. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a CO and sulfur tolerant membrane, a key component of a compact fuel processor, to produce the clean hydrogen from high sulfur logistics fuel. In Phase I project, we will develop a sulfur tolerant membrane and demonstrate its performance for separating H2 from a high sulfur reformate. We will also carry out a preliminary design of the membrane module to produce the required hydrogen flow rate to run a 10 kWe fuel cell. In Phase II, we will further improve and scale-up the membrane.

GREAT LAKES SOUND & VIBRATION, INC.
47140 N Main St.
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-7535
Mr. Stephen E. Polakowski
ARMY 05-235      Selected for Award
Title:Vehicle Acoustic Signature Reduction
Abstract:US troops are beginning to discover tactical advantages offered by quiet vehicles. This is partially due to the recent deployment of the Stryker. As a result, requests to reduce vehicle noise are becoming more frequent. The HMMWV will be used as a basis for developing an acoustic signature reduction process. The US ground vehicle fleet contains a large number of these vehicles being used in current theaters of war and the need to make them quieter is eminent. Development of an acoustic signature reduction kit will provide wide reaching benefits as HMMWV is being used in urban, convoy, and reconnaissance missions. Great Lakes Sound & Vibration (GLSV) proposes to use and expand proven experimental procedures to quantify vehicle acoustic signature and identify important noise sources. Interpretation of acquired data will yield conclusive identification and ranking of noise sources. Treatment concepts and specifications will be developed using both test results and detectability estimates. The comprehensive data-driven approach to the development of a treatment kit as well as a procedure for doing so differentiates this effort from others.

NANODYNAMICS-88, INC.
34 East 29th Street
New York, NY 10016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(212) 686-0759
Dr. Chia-Gee Wang
ARMY 05-236      Selected for Award
Title:Silicon Carbide MOSFET
Abstract:The 4H-SiC can be fabricated on the <0001> silicon surface if the fabrication temperature can be under silicon processing, if the lattice mismatch between SiC and Si<0001> is only a few percent, and if the incorporation of silicon and carbon atoms can be epitaxial. The silicon-based superlattice approach satisfies all the above mentioned conditions and would produce the Si/C superlattice on the Si<0001> substrate for power MOSFET construction. A simple MOSFET with Schottky-based drain and source has been considered. It will be designed and evaluated under Phase I and be constructed and tested under Phase II. Other power MOSFET designs will also be considered and compared under Phase II efforts, leading to dual use production for military as well as commercial applications.

UNITED SILICON CARBIDE, INC.
New Brunswick Technology Center, 100 Jersey Ave.B
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 565-9500
Dr. X. Larry Li
ARMY 05-236      Selected for Award
Title:Reliable, High Temperature Silicon Carbide MOSFET
Abstract:In response to SBIR topic A05-236, a proposal based on a novel concept in MOSFET design and fabrication is proposed to address the problems of (i) low channel mobility, (iii) low and unstable threshold voltage, and (iii) low gate oxide reliability under both high electric field and high temperature. Phase I will be focused on feasibility demonstration. A physics-based device model will be developed to predict the device performance including DC and switching characteristics as well as temperature dependence. A structure will be designed to target >1kV blocking voltage. High channel mobility fabrication processes will be developed and lateral MOSFETs will be fabricated to confirm the achievement of a larger than 100cm2/Vs channel mobility in Phase I. A batch of the proposed vertical power MOSFET will be fabricated in Phase I, aiming at demonstrating a record high performance, including blocking voltage >1KV, a forward current >3A and a specific on resistance <10m,cm2 with a threshold voltage >2V as well as a substantially improved threshold stability. Upon feasibility demonstration in Phase I, Phase II major R&D work will be focused on pushing up the MOSFET power capability, further reducing the specific on resistance, substantially improve threshold voltage stability, and drastically increase gate oxide reliability.

ADIABATICS, INC.
3385 Commerce Drive
Columbus, IN 47201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 372-5052
Dr. Philipe Saad
ARMY 05-237      Selected for Award
Title:Compact Turbochargers for High Power Density Diesel Engines
Abstract:A high-power density, low specific heat rejection diesel engine design for traditional and hybrid future combat system (FCS) vehicle configurations is being proposed. The total propulsion system of the vehicle hybrid configuration will fit the future vehicle assigned space/volume by TACOM's vehicle concept laboratory. The proposed engine will have a high-pressure common rail fuel injection system, additional electronic power kit, and two turbochargers to increase the intake boost pressure, and to decrease the exhaust gas temperature at full load and various speeds. The two turbochargers will be controlled by two electronic sensors, which will control the flow of the exhaust gas trough the exhaust port of each turbocharger. These two sensors are affected by the engine exhaust gas temperature, and engine speed. The engine parts will be coated with tribological and thermal barrier coatings to reduce the friction and wear between the rotating and sliding engine parts, and to reduce the heat rejection to the coolant and to the ambient. The engine test will be run to determine engine performance, and engine endurance. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Adiabatic, and National transport University-Adiabatics mathematical computer programs, and modeling/ simulations graphic use interface will be used in this program to determine the engine parameters. The simulation modeling, computations and layout design will include the concept of modular designs of the total propulsion system components as cooling system, fuel injection system, lubricating system, and turbocharger system.

ADVANCED ENGINES DEVELOPMENT CORP.
4338 West Monarch Place
Milwaukee, WI 53208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(414) 342-1881
Mr. Nicholas R. Hirsch
ARMY 05-237      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Advanced Military Diesel Engine Technologies Demonstrator
Abstract:Combining AED Corp. and its multi-disciplinary team's extensive and unique heavy fuel engine (HFE) hardware development experience with commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) diesel engine components, a concept diesel engine demonstrator (CDED) will be designed. Configured to facilitate dyno test exploration of power density, heat rejection, and fuel efficiency, the lubrication, cooling, and supercharger will be separately controlled. A structurally robust, DOHC 4-valve global COTS engine, with its abundance of super duty components, will be the diesel technology's development base. The CDED will be built and dyno tested to evaluate design concepts and advanced performance technologies. Knowledge gained will advance the design of the follow-on 300 and 600-hp Advanced Military Diesel Engine (AMDE) demonstrators. U.S. truck and European auto diesels incorporate the advanced technologies and components required to provide the ADME technology base. Likewise, regenerative braking hybrid electric drive buses, SUVs, trucks and autos incorporate the technologies and components required for hybrid electric propulsion systems. Results of this work and future R&D will be the development of dual use HPD, LSHR diesel technologies to a state readily adaptable to multi-cylinder engines 50 to 600-hp; deliver two developed AMDE demonstrators suitable for production prototyping; and the hybrid electric drive concept engineering to incorporate both in selected FCS HEVs.

BARRON ASSOC., INC.
1410 Sachem Place, Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Mr. Jason O. Burkholder
ARMY 05-238      Selected for Award
Title:An Autonomous Health Monitoring System for Hybrid Propulsion Vehicles
Abstract:Barron Associates, Inc. (BAI) and its subcontractor, Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), propose to develop an autonomous health monitoring system capable of diagnosing system failures and predicting the remaining life of hybrid propulsion vehicle systems. The research and development effort will leverage BAI's generic diagnostic algorithms and SwRI's hybrid propulsion systems expertise and extensive testing facilities. For the diagnostic solution, BAI proposes a fault detection and isolation (FDI) methodology that it has developed for widespread application to complex dynamical systems. The FDI algorithm is able to detect and isolate sensor, actuator, and plant faults by exploiting analytic redundancy that exists among various subsets of available actuator input and sensor output data. In addition, predicting the time and distance that the remaining energy sources could sustain operation is possible using the state estimates provided by the diagnostic system. SwRI's latest generation of vehicle modeling software, which will be used as the Phase I development platform, is the Rapid Automotive Performance Testing and Optimization Resource (RAPTOR). RAPTOR is a modular modeling and development simulation tool for vehicle fuel economy, performance, and emissions in both virtual and hardware-in-the-loop environments. RAPTOR will be used to configure virtual hybrid propulsion military vehicles from existing component models.

INFINIA CORP.
6811 West Okanogan Avenue
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 735-4700
Mr. MAURICE A. WHITE
ARMY 05-239      Selected for Award
Title:Stirling Engine for Tactical Army Application
Abstract:The U.S. military, in transitioning to a more mobile and networked Future Force, has increasing needs for small, quiet, lightweight, reliable power systems to supply energy for a variety of mission needs while minimizing logistical impact. Increased need for clean, portable, efficient power generation is punctuated by the new systems being developed for the Future Combat System, including the Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR), and Land Warrior platforms. The hardware deployed in these new computerized technologies requires premium power delivered reliably. Infinia Corporation proposes to develop a 5 kW multi-cylinder, free-piston Stirling engine (MCFPSE) that combines the benefits of high power density kinematic Stirling engines with free-piston longevity and reliability. This new and unique combination of proven, mature elements provides a low-risk approach to provide high power levels in a compact package with high efficiency and high reliability.

GS ENGINEERING, INC.
101 West Lakeshore Drive
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-1235
Glen Simula
ARMY 05-240      Awarded: 08DEC05
Title:Integrated Starter/Alternator for Military Tactical Vehicles
Abstract:The current fuel economy of military vehicles limits the effectiveness of the deployment into various theaters. As Future Combat Systems (FCS) vehicles are developed, fuel economy, overall weight, performance, power generation, survivability, emissions and maintenance will highlight the need for hybrid vehicle designs. The first step towards a hybrid vehicle design is an Integrated Starter Alternator (ISA). By utilizing an ISA, technologies such as start / stop and idle down can be implemented to increase fuel savings and reduce harmful emissions. Additionally, through the use of Permanent Magnet Machines increased generation capabilities will be available to support future technologies such as; active suspension, active differential, electric motors and defrosting technologies. Investigation of multiple ISA technology partners by GS Engineering (GSE) will create a detailed design matrix that will highlight all successful integration technologies of our partners and how they can be deployed across specific vehicle platforms. Utilizing comprehensive experience in vehicle design and analysis, a selected ISA will be integrated into a selected target vehicle. This integration employs the proven strengths of GSE in the areas of design and analysis, vehicle integration and allows for an ISA integration that fulfills all of the required needs of an ISA.

SATCON TECHNOLOGY CORP.
27 Drydock Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 897-2447
Dr. Edward Lovelace
ARMY 05-240      Selected for Award
Title:Dual-Use Integrated Starter/Generator (ISG) for Tactical Military Vehicles
Abstract:SatCon proposes to develop a dual-use Integrated Starter/Generator (ISG) for military and commercial vehicles. Our proposed machine type is an interior PM (IPM) machine which is ideally suited to ISG applications because of high power density due to the PM field production, and inherent field weakening capability due to the salient rotor. Using an IPM results in an optimized machine-drive system because the inverter can be a standard six-switch bridge with lower device voltage requirements than if a conventional PM machine is used. SatCon will use our Advanced Automotive Power Module (AIPM) as the basis for a low cost, high power density inverter to drive the ISG. We will work with an industrial partner on developing requirements and design methods for severe environment and duty cycle applications, and for a Phase II commercial demonstration system. We will also work with magnet manufacturers on selecting appropriate materials considering the high vehicle application temperatures, and on developing cost effective manufacturing techniques for assembling and magnetizing the PM rotor.

MICROCELL TECHNOLOGIES
410 Great Road, Suite C-2
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 952-6947
Dr. Michael C. Kimble
ARMY 05-241      Awarded: 18NOV05
Title:Hydrogen Production from Inorganic Compounds
Abstract:A chemical hydride reactor is proposed by MicroCell Technologies, LLC to produce hydrogen gas for backup fuel cell power generators. In the Phase I program, we will develop and demonstrate our reactor design to operate with unpurified water sources to efficiently react all of the chemical hydride in a controllable manner. With this approach, it will be possible to use a variety of water sources including seawater and surface water with the chemical hydride reactor to produce high purity hydrogen gas for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell backup power generator. This hydrogen generator will shorten the start-up time for delivering hydrogen gas to the fuel cell generator allowing it to provide power quicker for forward theatre operations. During the Phase I program, we will develop the reaction process and control function culminating in a bench-scale reactor. With this approach, a Phase II program will culminate in a fast-start fuel processor designed to produce hydrogen for a 5 kW PEM fuel cell at 80 liters/min for 12 hours having an energy capacity of 837 W-hr/kg and 825 W-hr/liter.

MILLENNIUM CELL
1 Industrial Way West
Eatontown, NJ 07724
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 544-5706
Dr. RIchard M. Mohring
ARMY 05-241      Awarded: 23NOV05
Title:Hydrogen Production from Inorganic Compounds
Abstract:Fuel cell power sources offer numerous benefits over conventional power sources like diesel engines for deployment at forward operating bases, silent watch and other applications important to the armed forces. However, the major technical challenge in the implementation of PEM fuel cells is a suitable hydrogen source. For these applications fuel processors based on hydrolysis of chemical hydrides provide a safe hydrogen source when low noise, low thermal signature and rapid start-up under low footprint conditions are required. This proposal focuses on the use of Sodium Borohydride (NaBH4) as the hydrogen source. We will address the feasibility of operating our proprietary Hydrogen on Demandr (HODT) fuel processors with water available in the field. We will establish the tolerance of the systems to impurities present in field water and make design modifications to include water purification systems and suitable catalyst technology in the design. This will result in a 5 kW power system design that takes advantage of the high intrinsic gravimetric storage density of sodium borohydride fuel. Technology developed here will also be applicable over a wide range of military and commercial applications at power levels ranging from <100 W to >5 kW.

APPLIED SPECTRA
P.O. Box 5049
Walnut Creek, CA 94596
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 888-0381
Dr. Jong Yoo
ARMY 05-242      Awarded: 10NOV05
Title:Detection of Contaminants in Petroleum Sources using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal describes the feasibility of using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for detecting contaminants in petroleum sources. Applied Spectra believes that LIBS using a broadband spectrometer/ICCD system can be a compelling platform for developing highly portable, rugged, and robust detection system. This Phase I project will emphasize the identification of relevant broadband LIBS signatures for different petroleum products of interest to the Army and the ability of LIBS to analyze foreign and naturally occurring contaminants in the fuel. LIBS has been a strong candidate for numerous applications in security, force protection, and detection of hazardous materials, as emphasized by the Army Research Laboratory.

POLARIS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
200 Westside Square, Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
Dr. David Chenault
ARMY 05-242      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Detection of Contaminants in Petroleum
Abstract:Detection of contaminants in petroleum is highly desirable in order to prevent devastating effects of sabotage or to prolong the life and enhance the efficiency of engines. Analysis of the chemical composition of a fluid can provide an abundance of information on quality, by allowing for the detection of both contaminants and naturally occurring components. Establishing a library of contaminants and normal constituents will allow for the user to rapidly establish the properties and quality of the sample. As part of this SBIR, Polaris will develop a portable instrument package that rapidly and accurately detects contaminants in petroleum products, including chemical and biological agents of both naturally occurring and illicit origin. The Phase I will be a study phase to determine the optimum detection capabilities with the minimal complexities and cost. The robust instrumental package that will identify and quantify the dangers of contaminated fuels in the field will be developed in Phase II. The primary development path will consist of a robust yet low cost, broadband spectroscopic device based on a fiber optic based spectrometer with no moving parts.

SENSPEX, INC.
333 Rio Rancho Blvd. NE. , Suite 105
Rio Rancho, NM 87124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 891-0034
Mr. Miguel Moreno
ARMY 05-243      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Rapid Detection of Biological and Chemical Contaminants in Water with Evanescent field Coherent-Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy
Abstract:A novel sensor based upon Coherent-Surface-Enhanced Raman scattering (CSERS) is being proposed for rapid detection of biological and chemical contaminants in water. The main characteristic of this sensor is a periodic array of metal nanoparticles or nanoshells deposited on the surface of an optical fiber waveguide. The nanoparticles/nanoshells will be deposited and immobilized in a periodic array by nanosphere lithography.This single fiber will transport the exciting laser radiation by the total internal reflection. The evanescent field at the interface (fiber/water) will interact with biological and chemical contaminant molecules adsorbed onto or near the surface of the metal nanoparticles producing the Raman shifted signal coherently amplified by the propagating coherent surface plasmons. These CSERS signals will enter the waveguide and be directed to a spectrometer. The sensor will work as an attached device to a normal Raman identification system developed by Senspex. This will turn a normal Raman system into a CSERS system.

TRANSLUME
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6135
Mr. Thomas Haddock
ARMY 05-243      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Integrated flow cytometer for on-line, real-time unlabeled bio detection in potable water
Abstract:Quantifying and classifying biological particles (bacteria, viruses, and cells) in drinking water and on beaches is critical to human health and environmental safety. The optimal solution is an on-line, real-time detection system continuously monitoring water without calibration or other attention. This technology has been elusive. Lab-on-a-chip ("LOC") PCR DNA detectors are viable contenders, but are a long way off. Flow cytometry uses optical techniques to detect and classify cells as they flow past in an on-line stream and integrates the cumulative signal to the desired detection level without pre-concentrators (another technology that is some time off). Translume's ability to write optical waveguides and complex microfluidic channels in a glass monolith enables a compact and robust micro flow cytometer (MFC), reducing this complex and delicate instrument into a simple single-piece unit. The MFC will address sample preparation, pre-concentration, and process time, all significant difficulties facing on-line water monitoring systems. Translume proposes to design and prototype an MFC in a single block of glass to determine the viability of this approach to yield a robust and field-deployable device for on-line water monitoring.

CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd.
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Mr. Benjamin A Dietsch
ARMY 05-244      Awarded: 15NOV05
Title:Smart, Rapid Release Fasteners for Appliqu Armor
Abstract:In this Phase I effort, Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative smart fastener design. Novel armor fastening technologies must be developed for next-generation composite armor. These fastening systems must be quick and easy to install and maintain, require no structural modification to the current vehicle fleet, and support the weight of the armor under ballistic attack and low frequency fatigue. CRG will design, fabricate, and evaluate proof-of-concept fasteners that meet and exceed the Army's armor fastening needs. CRG's demonstrated expertise in the proposed technology areas presents the Army with the opportunity to obtain a novel fastening technology for appliqu armor. CRG's track record for innovating new materials and processing technologies positions CRG for successful implementation of the novel fastening technology that meets the Army's operational needs.

EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Dr. Michael D. Gilbert
ARMY 05-244      Awarded: 14NOV05
Title:Innovative Armor Fastening Technology (s) for Tactical Vehicles of the Current and the Future Force
Abstract:Electrically releasing adhesives are proposed as innovative fasteners for attaching modular armor to military vehicles. Bonds formed with these adhesives will provide durable, high strength (>2000 psi shear), mechanically robust attachments, that can be rapidly released, on-demand by the application of a low power current (10-50 volts d.c., <0.5 watts/square inch). Combination of these attachments with an internal spring mechanism results in the formation of a remote release device that can be used to pop-off individual tiles of armor when desired. The proposed fasten and release system is lightweight, inexpensive and highly conformable. It can be used to join a wide variety of dissimilar materials including metals, ceramics and polymer composites and it is readily adaptable to any size or shape of armor used. In the phase I, concepts for model armor tile release devices will be evaluated. These devices will allow rapid ejection of the tile from a remote location and rapid reattachment of replacements under field conditions. Novel electrically releasing adhesives will be formulated to meet these challenges. Bond strengths to various substrates will be measured and environmental durability will be assessed.

ARMORWORKS, INC.
7306 S. Harl Avenue
Tempe, AZ 85283
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 682-1005
Dr. Ken-An Lou
ARMY 05-245      Awarded: 09NOV05
Title:Mine Blast Attenuating Seating
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I proposal is to demonstrate a mineblast attenuating crew seat system that prevents spinal compression injuries by attenuating the accelerative forces caused by landmine detonations. Design acceleration pulses for military tactical vehicle seats will be defined and quantified. Various energy absorber devices and design parameters will be evaluated and selected for mine blast attenuating crew seat applications. A mine blast attenuating crew seat design concept will be demonstrated along with a system weight and cost budgets. A computer simulation including energy absorber/seat/dummy models will be presented to prove the crew seat design concept. Taking advantages of using extensive mine blast attenuating seat test data and validated numerical energy absorber/seat/dummy models based on a current contract between ArmorWorks and Army Research Laboratory will expedite the success of this SBIR Phase I program.

SAFE, INC.
6536 E. Gainsborough Rd.
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 659-8607
Mr. Stanley P. Desjardins
ARMY 05-245      Awarded: 15NOV05
Title:Innovative Energy Absorbing Seat For Army Ground Vehicles
Abstract:The proposed effort includes a literature search, vehicle characteristics definition, mine blast environment definition, and dynamic seat-occupant modeling with mine blast environment simulation. The product of this effort will be the analytical definition of the optimum energy absorbing characteristics for protecting occupants of lightweight military vehicles exposed to mine blasts. The Phase I effort will result in the development of analytical data that defines the influences of variables and the requirements for optimizing energy absorbing seats specifically for this mine blast environment and class of military vehicles. A mine blast resistant seat concept will be developed incorporating the technical guidance resulting from the foregoing investigation as well as ergonomic and field use considerations.

LIUMAN TECHNOLOGIES
3773 Viceroy Dr.
Okemos, MI 48824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 353-6716
Dr. Michael A. Zampaloni
ARMY 05-246      Selected for Award
Title:Design of Composite Vehicle Structures and Armors against Blast Attacks
Abstract:Although there are some analytical tools available in the literature, they are not necessary aiming at blast survivability designs. Although there are some composite armors available in the market, they are not necessary of optimal designs. There is still a room to improve the analytical tools and a way to achieve optimal designs. In fact, efforts in research and development for analytical tools and composite designs are continuously required. This proposed program is to develop a multi-functional blast model which accounts for various environments, such as in open air and buried by soil and to formulate a numerically accurate and computationally efficient computer code which can be used for designing thick-section composites, sandwich composite structures and hybrid composite armors. Combining the blast model and the computer code, the analytical tool will be used to design composite structures and composite armors for the Future Combat Systems manned ground vehicles. As all analytical tools require validation and all simulation results require verification, an innovative experimental technique will be used to complete the optimization process of the composite designs. The innovative technique is based on a laboratory testing facility which is capable of providing necessary tests simulating violent environments encountered in Army's operations, such as blast attack and ballistic impact. This proposed program, if accomplished, will help to improve the composite designs and to accelerate the composite vehicles production. A business based on the end products, i.e. the complete design system and optimal composite designs, will prove to be beneficial to both military and civilian applications because they are useful to fight wars in the combat zone as well as in the homeland.

MKP STRUCTURAL DESIGN ASSOC., INC.
3003 Washtenaw Ave., Suite 1-E
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8860
Dr. Zheng-Dong Ma
ARMY 05-246      Awarded: 13DEC05
Title:Advanced Analytical Models for Innovative Vehicle Composite Structures Against land Explosives
Abstract:We propose to develop advanced analytical models and design tools for innovative composite structures in Future Combat Systems (FCS), which are able to protect vehicle and occupants against antitank (AT) landmines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). The ultimate goal is to fill the gap between the advanced blast simulation and the innovative composite structure design with the integrated new simulation and design capabilities. The proposed effort will lead to an effective design tool, which can be used in a function-oriented design environment for optimizing multidisciplinary objectives for composite structures, including blast protection, structural performance, light weight, and low cost. We propose a multi-level and multi-scenario blast simulation system, which integrates an advanced soil-blast model with existing state-of-the-art blast simulation techniques for predicting a wide range of damage scenarios in a blast event, ranging from vehicle rollover to localized structural failures. The different levels of structural responses will provide the necessary information for setting targets in the development of new military vehicles. The advanced soil-explosion model developed in this program will provide the loading conditions with desired multi-level fidelities for predicting dynamic responses of the vehicle structures. During the Phase I effort, we will develop a systematic approach with necessary subsystem software modules for a new capability to predict landmine-soil-vehicle-crew interactions. The major focus of the Phase I development will be on a new computational model for landmine-soil interaction, which combines a phenomenological model and a multi-scale model to increase the accuracy and efficiency of the blast simulation. The multi-scale model is critical when the soil fracture properties need to include granularity, realistic soil fragmentation, and ejecta formation. This is in distinct comparison with the other available models, in which dynamic soil state equations are devoted to the high compression regimes, but which are not accurate for soil behaviors in tension or dilatation as occurring in shallow-buried mine explosions.