---------- DTRA ----------

23 Phase I Selections from the 06.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. William J. Coirier
DTRA 06-001      Awarded: 16JUN06
Title:Calibration and Use of Site-Specific Urban Weather Observations Data using Microscale Modeling
Abstract:We propose to develop a capability to correct and calibrate intra-urban sited meteorological stations data for subsequent use by NWP, ATD and force protection models. This new capability will provide a number of related innovations, including: a standalone software capability to assist in the siting of meteorological stations in urban areas; the development of sensor-centralized vertical profiles to be passed to NWP and other models; the incorporation of rapidly generated, high-resolution wind and turbulence fields into synthetic natural environments for high-resolution CBRN/E urban dispersion modeling; and the development of correlations between less trusted intra-urban sites to accepted "truth" meteorological stations readings. By performing constrained optimizations using pre-computed, Computational Fluid Dynamics generated wind and turbulence field libraries, this new technique will construct mass, momentum and energy conserving, high-resolution, microscale wind and turbulence fields that satisfy the meteorological sensor data readings in a "best-fit" framework. Phase I will develop the wind library and optimization procedures, evaluate the approach using urban area field test data, explore uses of the best-fit wind fields, and develop an integration plan for incorporation of the approach into existing and next generation consequence assessment models in Phase II and III.

KARAGOZIAN & CASE
2550 North Hollywood Way, Suite 500
Burbank, CA 91505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 240-1919
Mr. Kenneth B. Morrill
DTRA 06-003      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Next Generation Blast Protection Technologies and Combined Blast and CBRN Protection Technologies
Abstract:This proposal addresses the need for engineering simulation models, validated through innovative test methods for verification and evaluation of structural integrity following an attack with multiple hazards. The project goals, whose feasibility is to be established under Phase I and accomplished in a Phase II effort are a s follows:  Develop optimal methods for analyzing disproportionate collapse problems and to evaluate the potential for collapse and develop designs to prevent collapse.  Provide an analytic approach that is applicable to a wide variety of structures.  Develop a procedure that is appropriate for use in generating fast running models for the prediction of collapse or catastrophic failure.  Develop a new simulation model pertaining to assessing the potential of and designing away from progressive collapse of buildings.  Generate fast-running models that approximate system responses to multiple hazardous loadings (e.g., blast, impact, fire, CBRN) that include consideration of the relevant failure modes for both the structural components (e.g., beams, columns, connections) and the structural system (i.e., its potential to fail from a given set of component damages).

WEIDLINGER ASSOC., INC.
375 Hudson St FL 12
New York, NY 10014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 872-1630
Mr. Darren Tennant
DTRA 06-003      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Next Generation Blast Protection Technologies and Combined Blast and CBRN Protection Technologies
Abstract:Various procedures have been proposed for evaluation/mitigation of the potential for progressive collapse in the design and/or retrofit process. These range from passive procedures that evaluate the redundancy of structures to limit failure through redistribution of gravitation loads after key elements such as columns have been removed to complete nonlinear finite element analyses of buildings subjected to potential explosive threats. The capability to perform rapid, accurate determination of whether a building will undergo progressive collapse after being attacked is still under development. Under TSWG sponsorship, Weidlinger Associates, Inc. (WAI) developed a procedure for rapid assessment of reinforced concrete and steel moment frame structures for progressive collapse. This was implemented into a design/evaluation tool called ProCAT applicable for this limited subset of structures. No full scale experimental validation of this tool or any other progressive collapse approach has been conducted because full scale testing of multi-bay, multi-story structures is excessively expensive. We propose to expand upon the PROCAT technology to incorporate detailed behavior of structural joints and connections for reinforced concrete and steel structures while demonstrating that small-scale testing can be used to economically and accurately validate the underlying first principles finite element computations and the resulting fast running tool.

ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.
131 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 377-2362
Mr. Steve Lowe
DTRA 06-004      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:"Typical day" Meteorological Data for Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion (ATD) Modeling
Abstract:The complexity of Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion (ATD) modeling requires physically consistent weather data evolving in both space and time. Spatially and/or temporally averaged data found in climatological products is not suitable for ATD modeling. The proposed solution for providing "typical day" meteorological data couples innovative search techniques applied to long-range historical archives and standard Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) mesoscale models to recreate a selected historical event identified as representative of typical for a region and season. The proposed search techniques focus on the application of frequency distribution analysis of parameters of relevance to ATD modeling, and can be applied for not only the search for "typical" days, but also significant "atypical" days that may be of relevance to ATD planners. The application of standard NWP models provides for "typical" weather data sets of the same content and resolution as is used from operational forecast sources. AER proposes a Phase 1 program to develop and demonstrate a methodology for providing "typical day" meteorological data that is ready for direct use by HPAC. The proposed work is low-risk in that it leverages existing technologies, and applies standard statistical techniques in innovative ways relevant to the ATD problem space.

MESO, INC.
185 Jordan Rd
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 283-5169
Dr. John W Zack
DTRA 06-004      Awarded: 09JUN06
Title:Typical day Meteorological Data for Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion (ATD) modeling
Abstract:The atmospheric transport and dispersion (ATD) model requirements for describing the environmental conditions that are most likely to occur on any given day, called the "typical day", are very unique. The model requirements are unique because the typical day requirements for ATD must be both typical in representing the most likely occurring condition of each variable and be mass-balanced across the domain of interest. This proposal is designed to address the typical day needs of military and civilian ATD model users so they can prepare more intelligently for toxic agent plume dispersion scenarios. Currently, ATD model users utilize gridded data from the 15th and 16th of each month from historical archives as meteorological input. This meets the mass balance requirement, but does not meet the most representative dispersion day requirement. The proposed work would investigate the use of four possible methods for selecting typical day data. The deliverable of the proposed work will be (1) a typical day selection method that works within the current concept of DoD operations, (2) information that gives the user an understanding of what the typical day data represents, and (3) a report documenting the details of the methods and research results.

ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.
131 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 761-2288
Dr. Janusz Eluszkiewicz
DTRA 06-005      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Extending DTRA's Atmospheric Transport and Diffusion Modeling Capabilities to the Upper Atmosphere
Abstract:Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. proposes to develop a prototype threat-reduction system for the dispersion of a weapons-of-mass destruction warhead in the upper atmosphere. Our system will extend current DTRA atmospheric transport and dispersion capabilities into the 20-120 km altitude region. This will be accomplished using a combination of a zonally-averaged transport model of the stratosphere and mesosphere and diagnostics of stratosphere-troposphere exchange based on global numerical weather prediction model fields. Phase-1 effort will focus on assembling the components of the system, testing them under selected scenarios, and mapping out approaches for future enhancements aimed at building a comprehensive system.

ATMOSPHERIC TECHNOLOGY SERVICES CO. LLC
P O Box 3029
Norman, OK 73070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 227-0084
Dr. Fanyou Kong
DTRA 06-006      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Calibration of Ensemble Forecasts Using Reforecast Datasets
Abstract:The accurate numerical prediction of hazardous airborne plumes requires two important capabilities. First, meteorological conditions at fine spatial scale both at the time of plume release as well as a few hours into the future, and second, quantification of this information in a statistically reliable probabilistic framework. The proposed study will use a combination of fine-scale ensemble re-forecasts, as well as historical surface observations, to achieve the goals of the solicitation. Because no unique method exists for doing so, we examine several and will pursue that which is most accurate, efficient and adaptable to future needs. The first approach, arguably the most simple and computationally efficient, involves using a 20-year history of surface observations to create regression equations that yield statistically reliable probabilistic point forecasts given current conditions. At the other extreme, fine-scale reforecasts will be generated from historical re-analyses and both linear and nonlinear regression approaches applied for calibration. Uniquely, we combine the 20-years of historical observations with this framework such that the final outcome is a combination of dynamical forecast and observation-based statistics. Finally, we expand the nearest-neighbor analog method using ensemble reforecasts alone or in combination with historical surface observations.

ENERGETIC MATERIALS & PRODUCTS, INC.
12706 Magnolia Mound
Austin, TX 78727
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 294-2400
Dr. Dennis Wilson
DTRA 06-007      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Neutralization Without Detonation of IEDs in the Field
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR project for the DTRA, Energetics Materials and Products Inc (EMPI) of Austin, Texas, will develop an innovative technology to neutralize Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) without detonation or risk to personnel. Neither detonation nor defusing, the two methods currently available to neutralize IEDs, provide acceptable risk. Detonating the device is seldom practical in an urban area. Defusing the IED requires close approach to the IED and exposes personnel to considerable danger, including the possibility that an enemy observer may choose that moment to remotely detonate the device. The EMPI solution will provide a far superior approach - a long standoff technology that results in IED neutralization by deflagration without detonation. The proposed technology is based upon a class of energetic materials generally referred to as Metastable Intermolecular Composites or MIC. In Phase I, EMPI will address the sensitivity and aging issue of MIC materials by developing and testing a Binary-MIC formulation. The resulting material will be suitable for use in a ballistic projectile which, when fired at an IED, will neutralize it by thermal deflagration without detonation. In Phase II, the device will be further developed and tested for actual military operations. A Fast-Track application is anticipated.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Mr. Charles W. Files
DTRA 06-007      Awarded: 16JUN06
Title:Novel Methods of IED Suppression and Neutralization to Include Next Generation WMD Dispersal Devices
Abstract:The use of the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) has become a favorite weapon of choice against the U.S. and Iraqi military and civilian population during the current conflict in Iraq. The potential use of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) as IEDs to increase the area of effect and intensity of the attacks is growing as is the possibility of spreading IED use around the globe. The wide spread availability of explosives, ordinance and the possibility of chemical and biological agent materials require effective techniques of detonation suppression and device neutralization. Current neutralization techniques of identified devices lead to undesired collateral damage as well as possible casualties, and in the case of WMD the unwanted dispersal of the agent be it biological, chemical or radiological into the environment. The proposed effort includes a thorough study of the fabrication and deployment techniques of IEDs which will identify designs and weakness of the IED threats. The study will establish criteria for evaluation of IED and WMD neutralization techniques. It is proposed to develop and test reactive intermetallic shaped charge liners which offer the penetration and energy required to neutralize IED through a deflagration of the explosive rather than detonation and further offering the defeat of any WMD agent. Key experiments are proposed to provide proof-of-concept.

NOKOMIS, INC.
310 5th St.
Charleroi, PA 15022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 483-3946
Mr. Aaron Datesman
DTRA 06-007      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Novel Methods of IED Suppression and Neutralization to Include Next Generation WMD Dispersal Devices
Abstract:There is an urgent need to procure for our military forces on the ground in Iraq and in other locations technology and equipment which provide the capability to effectively and immediately detect, assess, and defend against the threat from Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). It is believed that this same threat, applied to Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) dispersal, could also increasingly become a concern for domestic law-enforcement personnel. Engagement with terrorists and insurgents creates unique demands for counter-technologies which are covert in nature, yet robust in capability. Among all of the possible options, only electromagnetic technology and weaponry offers that combination. In its current semi-automated laboratory form, a system developed by Nokomis has demonstrated the ability to successfully identify and confirm the presence of electronic devices used as IED triggers at a distance of 200 meters. This technology utilizes the unintentional electromagnetic signatures (not the transmission signatures) emitted by these devices. Additional funding is requested in order to further develop this system, increasing its range and speed of detection, to apply this technique to WMD detection requirements, and to integrate into the system the capability to destroy the IED/WMD trigger using high power electromagnetic (EM) sources.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Mr. Jay Cleckler
DTRA 06-007      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:IED/WMD Standoff Neutralization
Abstract:In Iraq during the month of December 2005, 47 of the 59 (80%) coalition combat deaths attributed to hostile action were caused by improvised explosive devices (IEDs), in the form of roadside bombs, vehicle borne bombs (VBIEDs) or suicide bombers. Even more ominous than the conventional IED threat is the possibility that terrorists and enemy combatants may employ devices for dispersing chemical, biological and radiological weapons along with improvised explosive devices. A flexible approach is needed to neutralize the wide array of IEDs present in the battlefield which can also treat possible emerging plumes of WMD agents. SARA proposes a method based on reactive chemistry to counter the detonation threat of an IED coupled with SARA's novel sonic agglomeration technique to counter the follow on WMD threat.

AMERICAN SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, INC.
829 Middlesex Turnpike
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 262-8626
Mr. Michael Winer
DTRA 06-008      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Robot-mounted Mulit-mode Imaging System for IED Detection
Abstract:The proposed muti-mode imaging system will allow a combination of X-ray Backscatter imaging (proven successful in finding IEDs in AS&E's Z Backscatter Van) and other sensor modalities, such as vapor/trace detection and video, to be mounted on a robotic platform(the iRobot R-Gator) such that the system can be quickly moved into location to examine a potential threat, including WMD dispersal devices, while keeping the operator at a safe distance. R&D will involve imaging system size and weight reduction and integration with other sensors and the robot.

DYMAS RESEARCH, INC.
2910 Fox Run Dr.
Plainsboro, NJ 08536
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 275-4464
Dr. Wei Hu
DTRA 06-008      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Standoff Detection of IED Laden Vehicles to Include Next Generation WMD Dispersal Device Defeat
Abstract:Standoff detection of improvised explosive devices continues to be one of the most critical tasks that security specialists must confront in a wide variety of applications, both military and civilian. There have been several approaches for standoff explosive detection. Each of them utilizes a different fundamental property of explosives to improve the sensitivity of detection. In this SBIR program, we propose to develop a high performance field deployable standoff explosive detection system based on our advanced sensor technology.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
DTRA 06-009      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Enhanced Stability and Penetration Depth of Deep Earth Penetrators
Abstract:Three concepts will be evaluated in order to achieve flow separation and penetration enhancement of Earth Penetrating Weapons (EPW). One concept addresses the merit of carrying fluid within the EPW. The other two describe new techniques addressing the generation of gases from the structure of the penetrator accompanied by energy release in the interface. Experimental as well as analytical efforts are proposed leading to the selection of best candidate materials and modeling predictions.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Hart Legner
DTRA 06-009      Awarded: 15JUN06
Title:Enhanced Stability and Penetration Depth in Deep Earth Penetrators
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) proposes to enhance the performance of deep earth penetrators using fluid additives (gas, liquid) to mitigate the deleterious effects of interactions with natural and manmade heterogeneous target materials. In order to minimize these shear effects from the heterogeneous target impacts, we propose to envelope the projectile with innovative surface layers that create either ablative fluid additives from the degradation of a multi-component composite materials or fluid layers from the controlled degradation of energetic materials. During the Phase I effort, PSI will develop a new model of projectile penetration that takes into account the shear-reducing benefits of these fluid layers and predict the overall improvement anticipated for these modified projectiles. A preliminary design of the additive layer and its attachment approach to existing inventory will be developed. A Phase II plan that emphasizes the experimental demonstration of the fluid layer shear control by flying subscale projectiles down a ballistic range at simulated target geometries that emulate heterogeneous material constructs will also be organized. The Phase II would emphasize designing, planning and conducting the ballistic range tests.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Mr. Anthony Rozanski
DTRA 06-010      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:New Thermobaric Materials and Weapon Concepts
Abstract:Improvements in configuration of potential thermobaric warheads are presented. Such improvements in configuration will allow faster mixing rates, resulting in a reduction in total reaction time. Higher reaction rates, and lower reaction times lead to more complete reaction of thermobaric fuels, which will cause thermobaric weapons to better engage enclosed targets and cause more extensive damage than current configurations. Early work by these investigators suggests that a fraction of highly energetic thermobaric fuel can be ignited by an explosive shock and release its energy in a time period consistent with conditions required for increased peak pressure and impulse. The exploitation of this finding in terms of enhancing the reaction rates (both intrinsic and air combustion) through improved mixing techniques is the main objective of this program. Two approaches will be examined. The first approach will consist of a star shaped explosive core which will produce explosive jets, to enhance the mixing effect. The second approach will utilize alternating sections of reactive materials, one of lower density and one of higher density. The density mismatch will set up velocity gradients, resulting in a turbulent mixing of both reactive material components, as well as trapping the available air within the reaction zone.

POWDERMET, INC.
24112 Rockwell drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Mr. Andrew Sherman
DTRA 06-010      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Tailorable Thermobaric Charge
Abstract:The need for novel weapons to defeat urban targets and rapidly immobalize enemy combatants hiding in bunkers, caves, and basements requires new weapons and tactics. Thermobaric warheads can provide tailored blast response optimized for the defeat of these targets with low collateral damage. In this Phase I SBIR program, Powdermet will develop surface-coated metallic particles that can deliver tailored blast, sustained pressure, and controlled thermal effects enabled by controlling particle composition, size, and shape. In addition, a 20-L high pressure dust bomb energetic materials screeing test facility will be established, analyzed, coupled to the CFX (ANSYS) code, and validated as a screening and development tool to support solid fuel combustion and thermobaric charge development efforts.

REACTIVE METALS, INC.
182 Hana Rd
Edison, NJ 08817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 596-5249
Dr. M. Trunov
DTRA 06-010      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Hybrid Reactive Materials for Thermobaric Weapons
Abstract:It is proposed to develop hybrid powders containing highly reactive filler coated by or embedded into a matrix of readily boiling, combustible binder. The binder materials, such as paraffin wax or red phosphorus are expected to ignite and burn within the expanding fireball while the reactive filler remains at the relatively low temperature at which the binder boils, and thus remains protected from ignition. Once the binder is consumed, the reactive filler is expected to ignite and burn rapidly. To ensure rapid reaction, the reactive filler is proposed to comprise nanocomposite powders capable of highly exothermic reaction occurring volumetrically, such as Ti+2B powders recently produced using arrested reactive milling. The timing of the initiation of the filler can be tailored to specific applications by adjusting the filler/binder ratio. Further modification of the proposed hybrid powders is possible by adding an activating nanocomposite thermite surface layer. The sizes or the hybrid powder particles will be relatively large, on the order of 100 śm to ensure complete consumption of the binder and ignition of the reactive filler when the particles emerge from the fireball and mix with surrounding air. The hybrid powders will be prepared using dry coating approach and their combustion will be tested in laboratory experiments.

ADVANCED CERAMICS RESEARCH, INC.
3292 E. Hemisphere Loop
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 434-6316
Mr. Kenneth Knittel
DTRA 06-012      Selected for Award
Title:Chemical and Biological Agent Deny
Abstract:ACR proposes the development of novel composite systems for air burst munitions capable of releasing high temperature over an extended area. Investigation will use Fibrous Monolith (FM) processing and a cost-efficient, innovative reactive composite system to form an airburst system that will generate an expanding thermal cloud. The proposed FM system would have a cellular structure, consisting of a primary phase of reactants such as aluminum or other metals capable of energetic reaction, interspersed with a continuous secondary phase of complementary reactive material such as tantalum and iodine oxide, or other materials with similar reactive, gas producing systems. The existence of two different materials in the systems to be considered will allow for tailoring and modification of reactive and mechanical properties of the composite by varying the composition and orientation of the two materials, while the two different mixtures allow tailoring the properties. The application of the FM technique in concert with unexplored reactive materials such as tantalum and iodine oxide, yttrium and manganese oxide with high reaction temperatures with gas as the reaction product will allow rapid dispersion of a second material such as aluminum or other which would them oxidize and increase the available energy for agent neutralization.

CALDERA PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
903 Tewa Loop
Los Alamos, NM 87544
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 379-2735
Dr. Michael Harris
DTRA 06-012      Selected for Award
Title:Chemical and Biological Agent Deny: Selective Phosphate Ester Hydrolysis
Abstract:This proposed work will generate a targeted phosphate ester hydrolysis catalyst for agent denial. This catalyst will be targeted by conjugation to single stranded DNA. Characteristics of the catalyst will be determined, including ruggedness, targeting selectivity, and potential methods for deployment.

ALAMEDA APPLIED SCIENCES CORP.
626 Whitney Street
San Leandro, CA 94577
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 483-4156
Dr. Brian L Bures
DTRA 06-013      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title: A fast pulse, intermediate flux, bench-top, high rep-rate x-ray source for PRS diagnostic calibration
Abstract:DTRA requires reliable X-ray sources to irradiate test objects for customers. One key component of test object irradiation is reliable radiation diagnostics to measure the dose and dose-rate to test objects. Current radiation diagnostics possess unacceptable levels of variation. Alameda Applied Sciences Corp proposes the use of a dense plasma focus device as a flat field X-ray calibration source capable of a bright source of soft X-ray radiation.

HY-TECH RESEARCH CORP.
104 Centre Ct.
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 639-4019
Dr. John J. Moschella
DTRA 06-013      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:A Time-Resolved Ion Velocity Diagnostic for Simulator-Class Gas-Puff Z-Pinches
Abstract:A diagnostic is proposed that uses the Doppler effect in visible-light emission lines to deduce the ion velocity during the implosion phase of a gas-puff z-pinch. The diagnostic combines an innovative light collection and detection scheme with gas doping to determine the ion velocities. The proposed instrument will be able to determine implosion velocities over a 100 ns range on a single shot using a series of charge states within the operating range of the detector. The temporal window of the instrument is sufficient to cover the dynamics of the implosion on the Double-Eagle simulator with a 300 ns electrical pulse. The Phase I will identify target ions and spectral ranges and include field-testing on Double Eagle.

PHOENIX SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
27 Industrial Avenue
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 367-0232
Dr. Michael Grapperhaus
DTRA 06-013      Awarded: 15JUN06
Title:High Energy Density Capacitors for X-ray Simulators
Abstract:This proposal utilizes our experience with the design and use of high energy density pulsed capacitors to demonstrate the feasibility of high energy density metallized film capacitors that meets the requirements for an x-ray simulator capacitors. This work extends our success with designing high energy density capacitors for other high current pulsed discharge applications by trading off energy density with lifetime and current delivery capability. One approach utilizes a direct extension of pulsed capacitor designs we have already demonstrated, while a second approach utilizes an innovative metallization technique to improve current carrying capability. Based on test results and cost estimates, we will design and test a full-scale capacitor for x-ray simulator applications in Phase II.