---------- NAVY ----------

47 Phase I Selections from the 06.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ACTA, INC.
2790 Skypark Drive, Suite 310
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1008
Mr. Jon Chrostowski
NAVY 06-048      Awarded: 24MAY06
Title:Development of HFPB Debris Throw Models for Ordnance Storage and Handling Facilities
Abstract:The Phase I study will investigate the feasibility of developing High Fidelity Physics-Based (HFPB) Fast-Running Models (FRMs)for predicting the debris throw due to an explosion in a munitions storage or handling facility. The study will determine the best HFPB computer code that can be used to model: 1) ordnance explosions, 2) the generation of primary fragments, air shock and gas pressure, 3) apply the blast loads on the facility walls/roof, 4) calculate high strain rate response, 5) predict breakup, and 6)determine the mass and velocity distributions of the thrown primary fragments and secondary debris. The selected HFPB code's capabilities will then be applied to an evaluation problem consisting of a small, concrete aboveground magazine. In addition, an approach for developing FRMs from the HFPB results will be developed. BENEFITS: HFPB Fast-Running debris throw models will directly benefit the DDESB and all service branches who are involved in safely siting munitions storage and handling facilities by eventually replacing the simplified debris throw models in DDESB Technical Paper No. 13 and 14. The Air Force is also interested in HFPB debris modeling technology and/or the FRMs to determine the collateral effects of a penetrating weapon that explodes inside a target building. The debris throw models also have commercial application and will be added to ACTA's BlastPRO software (a suite of blast assessment tools running under a GIS interface) to support terrorist risk assessments performed for Homeland Security and for hazard and risk analyese due to accidental explosions at oil refineries.

FISHEYE SOFTWARE, INC.
Two Clock Tower Place Suite 400
Maynard, MA 01754
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 461-0100
Dr. Bret Draayer
NAVY 06-049      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:False Alarm Control for Advanced Radars
Abstract:The main objective of this SBIR is to advance the radar detection in near-shore environments of targets of interest, especially stealthy cruise missiles, amid the background clutter of birds, insects, weather and waves. FishEye Software will design and implement a Bayesian statistical classifier to categorize clutter types based on the optimal features that can be extracted from littoral environments. The first goal is to sort through large amounts of data, identifying the sources of clutter contained in it, and determining how well the distributions for different clutter types are separated in parameter space. Significant quantities of Raytheon data associated with the DD(X) program will be made available for FishEye Software to use, in addition to the Raytheon Synthetic Target Generator for simulating data. Identifying targets of interest amid such clutter is equally important and represents the Phase 1 option focus of this proposed effort.BENEFITS: The ability to detect/discriminate targets of interest from various types of clutter is important in many radar applications such as air traffic control and threat detection. Improving this ability has significant benefits, particularly as more sophisticated cruise missiles are able to "hide" in clutter presented by the sea and other non-threatening sources such as migrating birds and swarming insects.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 576-2376
Mr. James J. Froh
NAVY 06-049      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:False Alarm Control for Advanced Radars
Abstract:The false alarm issue being extensive and multifaceted, based on both varying environments and radar types, modes, and capabilities, TSC proposes to design (Phase I) and construct a prototype (Phase II) of a high fidelity test-bed that will provide for the development of counter false alarm techniques across the entire spectrum of situations, and will incorporate a number of proven models and modeling capabilities that evolved at TSC in the past decade, largely under Navy programs. Both design and construction will be done under a proven Simulation Framework software tool and follow Open Architecture principles. The test-bed evolution will consist of development spirals, and will address DD(X) and CG(X) issues in the very first spiral. Spiral 1, to be addressed during Phase I, will include issues that have proven relevant to the above. The issues will be investigated, the prime causes for the observed phenomena will be identified, solutions will be proposed, and sufficient modeling and analysis will be performed, within the context of the proposed test-bed, to demonstrate feasibility. BENEFITS: Radar processing techniques, to be developed in Spiral 1 are directly applicable to DD(X) and CG(X). The long term support tool will be capable of addressing sensitivity/false alarm issues in all emerging and backfit applications for the US Navy. The knowledge and supporting tools will be applicable also to emerging USMC, and Air Force ground radar capabilities and to similar FAA systems.

ADAPTIVE METHODS, INC.
5885 Trinity Parkway Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Mr. Llew Wood
NAVY 06-050      Awarded: 24MAY06
Title:USW Intelligent Controller
Abstract:This SBIR topic for USW Intelligent Controller addresses innovative technology to help the sonar watch team to optimally employ USW assets for search and detection, classification, and tracking of surface and sub-surface platforms. Adaptive Methods and Metron have formed a team for this project - combining optimization algorithm development expertise of Metron with Adaptive Methods software development and integration capabilities. This SBIR project will address a critical operational need for USW mission management by providing an automated capability that looks across all sensors and functional segments rather than a collection of single-sensor controllers. This program will transition mature numerical optimization algorithm technology into the mission management function. We will design an intelligent controller capability that will integrate efficiently into the next generation USW combat system architecture. This design will execute in the USW open architecture compute environment (OACE) and operate under common system services. Intelligent controller development will focus on technologies that are sufficiently mature and will provide the most benefit to mission performance metrics of operator productivity, reduced time to classify new contacts, increased contact holding time, and improved contact tracking.BENEFITS: The primary beneficiary of this technology is the US Navy. Potential Navy applications include Surface Ship USW Combat System (SQQ-89(V) and DD(X), submarine Tactical Control System (TCS), LCS ASW and Surface Warfare (SUW) Mission Packages, MMA ASW Combat System, and. The U.S. Coast Guard could apply this technology for port and coastal protection to extend the capabilities of the Automated Identification System. The Navy will benefit from intelligent control through improved operator productivity and tactical performance. The technologies will reduce the tactical decision timeline, increase contact handling capacity, and enable integration of offboard sensors and weapons into the future combat system's core assets. Large-scale multi-sensor security systems for commercial buildings, businesses, and large private estates represent an attractive private industry market. Most security control systems rely heavily on the security operator to manually reconfigure sensors in response to security alerts. Our intelligent control technology can address this limitation in the same way as optimizing Navy USW acoustic and non-acoustic sensors.

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
Dr. W. Reynolds Monach
NAVY 06-050      Awarded: 24MAY06
Title:USW Intelligent Controller
Abstract:In this project Daniel H. Wagner, Associates will develop of a highly capable USW Intelligent Controller (IC). Our IC will incorporate Bayesian inference, non-Gaussian tracking and non-Gaussian resource optimization techniques that utilize a geographical Situation Assessment (SA) picture generated by the SQQ-89 Data Fusion Functional Segment (DFFS). The IC will also use sensor effectiveness information generated by environmental acoustic systems such as the Sonar Tactical Decision Aid/Scalable Tactical Acoustic Propagation Loss Engine (STDA/STAPLE) when making its recommendations. These Bayesian inference, non-Gaussian tracking, and resource optimization techniques will allow the IC to optimize the use of available operator time, and of all available passive and active sensors by: (1) providing alerts concerning possibly threatening submarines or torpedoes; (2) recommending sensors/beams for operator investigation along with suggested tools for performing this investigation; (3) providing recommended maneuvers, sensor parameter settings, and tracks to optimize localization, tracking, and search effectiveness; and (4) (if UVs are present) providing alerts concerning potential collision/near-miss threats and suggested maneuvers to avoid them. In addition, the IC will be able to recommend PIM tracks to minimize vulnerability to threat submarines.BENEFITS: In Phase II we will develop a full-scale prototype IC. This Phase II system will allow us to demonstrate how powerful non-Gaussian resource optimization techniques, combined with Bayesian inferential reasoning and non-Gaussian tracking techniques, can significantly improve the ability of United States forces to conduct ASW and TD missions. Improved resource optimization technologies such as these are particularly necessary at a time when the United States is facing a sophisticated threat in difficult littoral environments, such as China, Korea, and the Middle East, with reduced resources. More effective detection, classification, localization, and tracking techniques will produce more effective operations, conducted at lower risk, resulting in fewer casualties to friendly forces and improved overall United States Navy and Joint Forces effectiveness.

MATERIALS RESEARCH & DESIGN
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-6130
Mr. Kent Buesking
NAVY 06-052      Awarded: 10MAY06
Title:Thermostructural Behavior of Polymer and Ceramic Matrix Composites Under Extreme Short Term Thermal Loads
Abstract:Future supersonic missiles can be improved through the use of PMCs and CMCs for structural airframes. However the severe aerodynamic heating conditions that the missiles undergo will expose the structure to short term temperatures and stresses that are beyond those typically seen by these materials. Nevertheless because the airframes are required to survive these conditions for very short times, it may be possible to employ PMCs and CMCs as primary structural materials. Designs using these materials are presently limited by the lack of a consistent database that reflects the property degradation caused by se-vere short term thermal exposure. Materials Research & Design, Inc. (MR&D) proposes to determine the appropriate material properties through the development of a degraded micromechanical property model coupled with a focused material characterization plan. This approach couples the economy of a composite property model with the reality of critical measured data. The program will be performed by a team of MR&D, Raytheon Missile Systems, and Southern Research Institute. The MR&D team is uniquely suited to perform the proposed effort because of previ-ous experience on the SM-3 Gr/BMI nosecone, development of high temperature CMC components, and in-depth knowledge of the thermal degradation of PMCs under severe aerothermal loads. BENEFITS: The successful completion of the Phase I program will provide a theoretical model and preliminary experimental data that address the thermostructural degradation of PMCs and CMCs under severe short term thermal environments. This information is of direct interest to the DOD and NASA in the design of high speed airframes for missiles and hypersonic vehicles. Additional commercial applications include petrochemical machinery and gas turbine engines.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. William T. Laughlin
NAVY 06-052      Awarded: 10MAY06
Title:Modeling Composite Material Response to Severe Thermal Environments
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an analytical model to predict the effects of short duration heating on the thermal, mechanical and electrical properties of composite materials. Verification of the model will be accomplished by employing a high power continuous wave laser as a heating simulation method and applying our existing 1-D laser effects thermal response code to model material response phenomena. During the Phase I program we will model and measure the thermal response of candidate high performance radome materials in the transient heating regime at heating rates expected in proposed hypersonic missile flight profiles. Measurement methods for mechanical and electrical properties of composites will be designed. BENEFITS: Fabricating materials that can withstand the severe heating levels experienced by radomes in hypersonic flight is a difficult task. In order to succeed, a low cost method for testing and evaluating candidate materials is essential. The proposed methods will permit real time evaluation of material response at desired heat fluxes and time scales, building models of the material response and accompanying property changes, and learning how to utilize materials at their performance limits. Successful development of the proposed material evaluation methods will support other DoD and NASA needs for severe thermal environment high performance materials.

V SYSTEM COMPOSITES/DR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1015 E. Discovery Lane
Anaheim, CA 92801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 806-0020
Mr. Steve Slocum
NAVY 06-052      Awarded: 10MAY06
Title:Methodology for Predicting the Time-Dependant Properties of Polymer and Ceramic Matrix Composites Exposed to Extreme Temperatures for Short Durations
Abstract:Polymer matrix composite (PMC) allowable operating temperatures are limited by the polymer's glass transition temperature (Tg) and are assigned based on long term exposure, thermal cycling, 20,000 hour service life, and manned aero-vehicle requirements. Short- to medium-range tactical missiles are unmanned, are single-use, and have exposures and service lives of no more than a few minutes. PMCs retain significant strength in excess of their long term use strength when heating occurs over a very short duration. However, the behavior of composites in this transient regime is not well understood, thus, engineers typically design composites to long-term-use limitations, taking a substantial weight penalty. The VSC team proposes to develop and validate a progressive damage prediction model for composites (PMC and CMC) subject to thermal loads beyond the long term operating temperature for short durations. Preliminary development of the approach has already occurred under Raytheon funding by USC. ABAQUS finite element analysis software will be customized to account for progressive damage over short flight durations due to heating. Material characterization data will be gathered for two PMCs and one CMC. The data and modeling approach will be used to predict residual mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties. Testing will conducted to verify predictions. BENEFITS: The benefits of the proposed analysis model development and validation effort include: Availability of an analysis tool for designing with composites in the high temperature, short duration flight regime. Elimination of considerable "make and break" testing cycles reducing non-recurring cost and schedule. Allows efficient use of composites in short and medium range missile airframes Lighter weight, higher performance, increased range for short and medium range missiles.

CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Suite 400 Technology Center 4th Floor 10
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 793-0248
Dr. Youngki Hwang
NAVY 06-053      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Adaptive Remote Sensor Communications
Abstract:We propose to advance the state of the art in the improvement of communications reliability in wireless ad-hoc sensor networks. The purpose of this proposal is to investigate and define a technology that is able to provide (1) automated monitoring and detection of multiple communication link status, which provides fast reconfiguration of communication topology, (2) QoS guarantees and maximum use of available bandwidth, and (3) improved communications reliability in the face of link outage (terrain or feature masking, node failure, destruction or compromise, battery depletion). Our innovative approach will be implemented and demonstrated in concert with the open standard Internet Protocol suite and Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) application software in the open-source community.BENEFITS: Security is a fast growing global industry worth approximately $150 billion in 2004 and will benefit greatly from integration of the proposed solution. The American corporate marketplace, regardless of industry, has already been proven to be a multi-billion dollar consumer of security and surveillance products, and has a high degree of awareness of the costs of corporate espionage, malicious misuse of assets, and terrorism. While recent IT budgets have significantly diminished, spending for security products has continually increased. The desire to move sensors away from fixed (wired) infrastructure into roles as mobile data collection devices with wireless backhaul identifies a market ripe with opportunities for new technologies and vendors. The proposed solution's automated monitoring of a link and its status will be applicable to these marketplaces. US wireless data communications is expected to pass wireless voice communications in volume by the end of 2006, driven by corporate usage. One of the prime attributes that both the commercial end user and the Network Service Providers (NSPs) recognize as an unsatisfied need is reliability. Similarly, the benefit of better management of single or and personal wireless device users. The NSPs that provide these benefits want a QoS, multiple link, near real-time management system in order to better meet their customer expectations, roll out higher grade data network services, and maintain competitive advantages. With the size of the typical large NSP network topology and traffic volume, the NSPs need an automated link monitoring and management system, capable of reconfiguration to maximize link utilization, overcome link outages, or take advantage of sudden multiple link availability, while operating in a near transparent status to the end user. The proposed solution will generate a product based upon meeting these NSP needs, and indirectly addressing the end user's expectations of higher reliability and performance. Transition of the technology into the Navy will be closely followed by penetration into other military, para-military, Homeland Security, and US commercial markets.

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
Dr. W. Reynolds Monach
NAVY 06-053      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Intelligent P2P Architecture for Performance Monitoring/Control
Abstract:This SBIR project will provide the US Navy with a detailed design of an intelligent architecture for automated monitoring and control of federated sensors. Building on recent advances in peer-to-peer (P2P), plug-and-play (PnP), and multi-agent systems (MAS) technologies, this architecture will enable the ever-growing network of Navy and Marine sensors (on unmanned vehicles, on unmanned stations, on deployed static and dynamic grids) to effectively and efficiently monitor itself to allow for automated and human-guided modifications based on operational context. The architecture will be designed to support a wide range of sensors/platforms/devices used in Navy, Marine, Joint, and Coalition network-centric operations (NCO), including such operations as Homeland Security and disaster relief efforts. The architecture will also be directly applicable to the emerging "pervasive Web", which includes an increasingly large collection of network-aware devices. Such a fully automated Network Monitoring and Management System (NMMS) is particularly necessary at this time due to the Navy wide and Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) specific push for reduced manning, the imminent arrival of relatively large numbers of unmanned vehicles (UVs), and the near-future extensive use of distributed sensor fields.BENEFITS: This automated monitoring and control architecture will enable human end-users to focus on their mission oriented tasks, obtaining the benefits of increased information from network-aware sensors, without having to actively monitor and manage the performance of the network.

RELIABLE SYSTEM SERVICES CORP.
One Harbor Place 1901 S. Harbor City Blv
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 726-5996
Mr. Emilio J. Power
NAVY 06-053      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Adaptive Remote Sensor Communications
Abstract:Reliable System Services Corporation proposes a 6-month program to analyze/develop/ demonstrate the feasibility of an automated monitoring and reconfiguration system for multiple remote sensor communications links. The developed system will be suitable for the Navy tactical environment. A specific application would be for the planned Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) mission module unmanned vehicles and platforms, although the developed system architecture will have broader applications for any surface combatant requiring controlled data links to distributed sensors. A conceptual design for the Adaptive Remote Sensor Communications Manager/ARSCM system will be developed, and an optional early demonstration/Phase1 is proposed as a bridge to more extensive development/testing/demonstration in Phase2. A successful Phase 1 program will produce a conceptual design for a Navy tactical sensor communications system management that is consistent with FORCENet, and provides significant performance improvement over the unmanaged communications architecture. A successful Phase 2 program will demonstrate the capability in an ocean environment, using a surface ship and multiple unmanned platforms. The results will be significant, and the developed system could be a cornerstone of the future remote sensor combat communications management. The developed technology will also have use in any application requiring net centric/wide bandwidth data collection from distributed/remote sensors. BENEFITS: The anticipated benefits and potential commercial applications of the technology and products developed under this SBIR topic are significant and fill an immediate need within the DoD Digital Battlefield Concept for Net Centric High Data Rate Communications automated monitoring and management of remote assets. The anticipated product and system architecture will consist of proven Knowledge Based Technology adapted to the changing requirements of deployed sensor network, including unmanned vehicles and platforms. The markets consist of Naval and Land combatant Joint Manned and Unmanned Net Centric battlefield systems for the DoD. Other DoD applications include Test Ranges where remotely distributed measurement sensors, fixed/mobile, can be tied into a wireless networked re-configurable high data rate data acquisition system. The automated management and control of the remote sensor fields allow minimal operator intervention. Commercial and Homeland Defense applications include automated monitoring and control of remote sensor fields for Seaport security, Nuclear security, Border security and other high value asset security.

ADAPTIVE METHODS, INC.
5885 Trinity Parkway Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 840-9722
Mr. James R. Wiggins
NAVY 06-054      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Fish Net Penetration by UUVs
Abstract:According to The Navy's Unmanned Undersea Vehicle (UUV) Master Plan updated in 2004, UUV's will perform important, force multiplying missions such as intelligence, surveillance, mine countermeasures, tactical oceanography, navigation and anti-submarine warfare. The missions they perform will be autonomous, low risk, and have low observability which will reduce risk to our forces. UUV's can penetrate enemy harbors and shallow littoral waters where submarines could be easily detected or which is simply just too shallow to operate. It is predicted that hundreds if not thousands of UUV's will be required to perform these missions. Often, while operating in littoral waters, UUV's can be entrapped in fishing nets and other debris incurring delays or even causing mission failure. In response to SBIR solicitation N06-054, Adaptive Methods describes in this proposal the work required in a Phase I effort to develop a design for net penetrating equipment (NPE). The design will be capable of multiple penetrations of various types of fishing nets, will minimize integration with existing designs and be scaleable to fit different size UUV's which will help them to operate freely in all environments. BENEFITS: Benefits: NPE technology will allow UUV's, both military and commercial, to operate freely in littoral waters performing critical missions with lower risk, lower cost, and with a much greater probability of success. The risk of UUV's being unrecoverable due to net entrapment will also be minimized. The number of UUV's performing these critical missions will dramatically increase in the future, along with the demand for NPE technology. Commercialization: In the near future, estimates of the number of domestic, non-military ships, which could use NPE technology, will easily reach 500. World wide, the total number could easily be 2 to 3 times greater. Future UUV requirements for both the military and commercial sectors will probably be in the thousands which will provide a healthy market for NPE technology.

NEKTON RESEARCH LLC
4625 Industry Lane
Durham, NC 27713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 405-3993
Dr. Frederick Vosburgh
NAVY 06-054      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:In-Stride Net Penetration Technology
Abstract:We propose investigating new technology for cutting fishing nets, both for commercial fishing or that may be deployed for UUV denial purposes. The envisioned technology is conformal and modular, intended initially for the MRUUV but scalable to larger and smaller vehicles. It is intended as an affordable system requiring minimal space and energy, while providing redundancy in capabilities through the use of complementary technologies. The system will be capable of multiple penetrations and it avoids using expendables which might become exhausted or betray presence of the vehicle. BENEFITS: The UUV Master Plan calls for UUVs to operate in denied littoral regions where fishing nets will be deployed for fishing by commercial interests or for denial by adversaries. Operating autonomously, such vehicles must be able to severe such nets or risk being entangled and lost at sea or being denied timely access to their area of operations. The financial costs of loss in addition to the risk to mission success associated with being denied or delayed are unacceptable. By providing a means for in-stride penetration of nets, the proposed technology will reduce the cost of UUV and increase their chances of timely, successful completion of their mission. In commercial applications, the ability to free itself from entanglements will permit broader use of UUV by reducing the risk of loss or of costly recovery operations.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Fritz Friedersdorf
NAVY 06-055      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Multifunctional Coating System for Corrosion Prevention and Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:Traditional coatings provide barrier protection to structures and inhibit corrosion with water soluble compounds. These current systems are not engineered to advance the Navy's efforts to improve reliability and establish condition-based maintenance of ship structures. To address this need, Luna Innovations proposes to incorporate innovative nanocomposite inhibitors and two-dimensional crystal arrays into a multifunctional coating that can be monitored to determine the remaining coating service life and the stress state of the coated structure. During the Phase I program, Luna will demonstrate the feasibility of using nanoengineered materials in primers and topcoats to achieve improved corrosion performance and both structural and coating health monitoring. The nanocomposite smart inhibitors activate only in the presence of a corrosive environment, and through an exchange mechanism, consume aggressive ions when they release protective corrosion inhibiting species. The inhibiting mechanism alters the structure of the inhibitor pigment particles and this change can be detected using nondestructive evaluation. Luna will also produce a strain sensing nanomaterial additive that can be incorporated into a topcoat. Changes in structural loads can be determined and mapped by using a simple light inspection method. These coating system improvements are possible using nanomaterials that are low cost and have good manufacturability.BENEFITS: A high performance coating that provides for health monitoring would have broad application both in transportation and stationary structures. Transport applications would include critical load bearing elements or tanks for land, sea and ground vehicles. Similarly, industrial application of this coating would include load bearing elements, containers, and conduits that are at risk from localized or internal corrosion, fatigue or other types of damage.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Waheguru Singh
NAVY 06-055      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Smart Nanostructures for Advanced Corrosion Control
Abstract:Achieving the U.S. Navy's goal of reducing manning on ships requires decreasing maintenance-type activities. Reducing corrosion-related maintenance, which at times amounts to nearly half the fleet's maintenance budget, could lead to significant reductions in operational and support cost and would allow for decreasing man-hours and thus smaller crews. This Phase I project aims to develop and test advanced coating formulations to provide passive corrosion sensing and active on-demand corrosion inhibition for Navy ships by utilizing functionalized nanoparticles as additives in existing epoxy coatings. Smart coatings that provide condition-based sensing/indication of corrosion enable treatment of only real and distinct failures. This more directed approach enables treatment as needed and could significantly minimize the workload in the fleet, as opposed to often unnecessary maintenance solely based on schedule. In addition, an on-demand active corrosion inhibition mechanism increases the longevity of the coating and would be particularly useful in controlling corrosion in a smart ship with reduced manning. BENEFITS: The Technology offers corrosion sensing and on-demand inhibition to allow for decreasing maintenance efforts and reduced manning on Navy ships. The formulation conforms to current military specifications and environmental regulations. The coating formulation is compatible with current application techniques and equipment, and can be produced inexpensively. The technology offers significant commercial potential; `smart' coatings will find applications in commercial shipbuilding, aerospace, and automotive industries as well as in the construction sector for steel-reinforced concrete structures.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 261-1142
Dr. Jeannine Elliott
NAVY 06-055      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Smart Nanocomposite Coatings
Abstract:The primary defense against the corrosion of steel is the diligent use of protective organic coatings loaded with soluble corrosion inhibitors. Not only are chromates toxic and increasingly regulated, but because these inhibitors are continually released from the coatings, they must be incorporated at very high levels into the coating. When the corrosion-inhibited coatings are exposed to water, the soluble inhibitors are slowly lost by leaching and migration, reducing the amount of chromates available to fight corrosion and introducing porosity that allows a greater flux of water to the surface. A more efficient corrosion control system would use smart corrosion inhibitors that release only when needed. Additionally, if the coating could indicate when corrosion is occurring, immediate maintenance steps can be taken to prevent further corrosion damage. In this Phase I TDA proposes to develop a multiple release corrosion inhibitor for steel. The corrosion process will trigger the release of the corrosion inhibitors from a nanoparticle carrier. While anchored, the corrosion inhibitors are non-leachable, but when released they migrate to self-heal the coating by passivating the metal surface. In our approach the corrosion process will also trigger a change in a corrosion indicator, which will provide passive sensing of the existence of corrosion. BENEFITS: Corrosion is a costly drain on the U.S. economy and military preparedness. Corrosion is estimated to cost the U.S. ~$275 billion annually (of which $20 billion is borne by the Department of Defense). Soluble chromates are the most effective corrosion inhibitors, but are toxic and heavily regulated. New more effective corrosion resistance coatings offer commercial benefits and applications across all sectors of the U.S. economy. They could be used for corrosion protection for metals employed in a wide range of applications including automotive, aerospace, bridges, and buildings.

C3I, INC.
Centre Square, D4 11 Merrill Industrial
Hampton, NH 03842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 929-9989
Mr. Charles J. Wagner
NAVY 06-056      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Advanced Lighting System Affordable Technology (ALSAT)
Abstract:The Advanced Lighting System Affordable Technology (ALSAT) effort proposes to develop a low cost, high power, full color spectrum and full dimming level standardized LED light engine/fixture that is form, fit, function compatible with existing shipboard lighting configurations. The light engine/fixture will employ active real time spectral control that will provide repeateable and standardized output as defined by the CIE color spectrum, allowing multiple light engines to be operated together in series and parallel configurations without compromising the light interface. The LED engines will be designed to be located in the fixture, and in other configurations located local remote and at distance, in both exposed and sheltered environments. The existing C3I Advanced Lighting System will be modified to be compatible with the control issues of the new light engine/fixture. The C3I ALS currently provides lighting system architecture, hardware, and software control of incandescent, fluorescent, LED (dimming only) and fiber-optic shipboard lighting for general lighting, navigation, flight deck, and specal purposes. The proposed effort will include the exploration of radical cost reductions in implementation, while meeting the requirements of shipboard lighting installations: Mil-S-901C shock, Mil-Std-167 vibration, Mil-E-461/462 EMI, and Mil-Std-1399 power. The ALSAT lighting system configuration will be compatible with existing shipboard AC power feeds and will be configured to be retrofitable with a minimum of impact. BENEFITS: The proposed technology will provide a high degree of lighting reliability, greatly decreased maintenance costs, and lowered operationl costs as compared to any other lighting technology providing full spectral lighting emission and dimming control. The technology will provide reduced manpower levels while providing centralized control of all shipboard lighting for very fast and coordinated mission support. The commercial applications include low manpower activies such as Off Shore Platforms, industrial plants, and applications that can benefit from the full spectral control including arhcitectural lighting, aircraft and automobile transportation systems, sports arenas, etc.

POWERWEB, INC.
415 East Baltimore Pike
Media, PA 19063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 627-9600
Mr. Lothar Budike
NAVY 06-056      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Affordable, Advanced Lighting System
Abstract:This proposal will evaluate the technical feasibility and design of a new lighting source and fixture system enclosure which will meet and exceed the current Navy MILSPEC designs. This new lighting system will utilize both state-of -the-art LED multicolored light sources in combination with a new magnifying polymer enclosure as well as a high output fluorescent light source with an indirect reflective configuration to provide a low cost option for variable chromaticity and intensities of light sources within the lighting system. The lighting system will utilize the existing ships power systems. Through the use of two light sources (fluorescent and White LED) and advanced optic configurations with polymer magnification, various lighting colors, wavelengths, and lumen intensities can be achieved in a low cost fashion which meets the objectives of this Navy SBIR topic. In addition, integrated control gear and power controls will be designed to meet all Navy specifications for the design. New polymer based fixture infrastructure will meet existing technical specifications including shock, vibration and other Navy criteria such as operation in both series and parallel configurations.BENEFITS: The anticipated benefits of this proposal would be the design and deployment of the next generation of commercially based LED lighting. This lighting would be 100 times more efficient than incandescent lamps and 5 times more efficient than fluorescents. This new lighting system will revolutionize commercial lighting and create fixtures for the Navy that would need little or no maintenance for 20 year periods.

PROTOBOX LLC
5089 Norman Blvd.
Riverside, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 879-2588
Mr. Ronald Ewart
NAVY 06-056      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Affordable, Advanced Shipboard Lighting System
Abstract:Protobox LLC proposes to develop an advanced Navy shipboard lighting system concept. The lighting system will incorporate multiple types and colors of high brightness LEDs combined with optical elements within a single lighting fixture. A unique control system will allow the user to select the desired chromaticity and brightness of the lights, and to control the lighting system using existing Navy shipboard wiring. The proposed lighting system will support an expanded range of Navy missions without the need to change lighting filters; White, Red, Amber, and NVIS Green chromaticity can be achieved all within a single lighting fixture simply by selecting the desired light color. Intensity of all colors is continuously variable. The proposed Phase I research begins with development of performance goals and standards, then conducts a design study of the proposed architecture. The investigation will include a "Return On Investment" (ROI) study and estimate the "Total Ownership Cost" (TOC). A concept demonstration lighting system will be prototyped and demonstrated at the conclusion of Phase I. Full development of the proposed system will improve the Navy ship's lighting system by offering a modular system that can be retrofitted into a large number of different types of Navy shipboard lighting fixtures. BENEFITS: The proposed innovative lighting system and its unique control system will be the first to allow Navy shipboard users to control the color and brightness of the lighting within a single lighting fixture. Navy manpower currently required to periodically change light bulbs, and to install different color filters over the lights as the mission changes, will be eliminated. The modular approach also enables future higher power and brightness LEDs to upgrade the lighting fixtures as the LED technology improves. Although the initial light fixture cost is high, the total ownership cost will be reduced by reducing the number of light fixtures required, and by reducing the manpower costs required for periodic maintenance. Initially, the advanced lighting system fixtures are targeted to replace existing Navy ship lighting fixtures; however, the proposed modular approach is designed to allow the same modules to be configured for new smaller lighting fixtures which could be used on future Navy ships. A simplified version of the proposed lighting system will be applicable to commercial and private ship lighting systems.

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY & RESEARCH CORP.
15210 Dino Drive
Burtonsville, MD 20866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 989-8047
Mr. Gilbert Lovell
NAVY 06-057      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Cargo Transfer from Offshore Supply Vessels to Large Deck Vessels
Abstract:The Sea Base concept requires innovative means of transferring cargo between ships offshore. Of particular interest is the transfer of cargo to large deck vessels and vessels with overhanging decks. The proposal presents an innovative approach to transferring cargo using autonomous watercraft, automated materiel handling equipment, and automated launch and recovery equipment. The system relies on an overarching control system to integrate the major subsystems and state-of-the-art robotic control concepts provide coordination and stable operation. BENEFITS: The system has non-military applications in the offshore oil industry where it could be used to ferry supplies to and between offshore oil platforms autonomously, a function now performed only by manned vessels. The system could also be used to transfer materiel in and out of ports too shallow to accommodate conventional cargo ships and service ports with primitive materiel handling equipment that cannot unload a cargo ship in a timely manner. Ports with low volume but regular demand would stand to benefit the most. Emergency response and disaster relief agencies might use the system to deliver medical supplies to stricken coastal areas. In the case of the recent tsunami disaster, where most if not all ports were compromised and not safe to enter, emergency supplies could have been transferred from ships offshore directly to the beach zone.

ART ANDERSON ASSOC.
202 Pacific Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 479-5600
Mr. Ralph Duncan
NAVY 06-057      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Cargo Transfer from Offshore Supply Vessels to Large Deck Vessels
Abstract:The CONREP Crane telescopes out from a side access on the military guide ship and reaches out and rests on the flight deck of the approach ship. This allows the cargo weight to be shared between the two vessels. This also virtually eliminates the relative height changes of the crane over the decks, which eases the landing of cargo onto the decks.BENEFITS: The CONREP Crane system will transfer heavier loads at higher throughput rates more safely with less manpower than the existing UNREP STREAM system. Commercially, waterborne transportation companies seeking to expand their routes, would benefit from having ships CONREP Cranes incorporated to provide and acquire TEU cargo at ports of call that were previously not an option because of their limited or non-existent port craning capabilities.

CRAFT ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC.
2102 48th Street
Hampton, VA 23661
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 825-1516
Dr. J. Dexter Bird, III
NAVY 06-057      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Cargo Transfer from Offshore Supply Vessels to Large Deck Vessels
Abstract:A movable articulated crane (MAC) system is proposed that can be used to retrieve palletized cargo from the deck of a dynamically positioned offshore supply vessel and deposit it on an elevator or side platform of any large deck ship. The MAC system will have the following features - 1) omni-directional mobile chassis, 2) the ability tolock itself to the deck, 3) an articulating knuckle boom crane, 4) load motion and tracking sensors, and 5) intergated control system.BENEFITS: Facilitates the use of readily available offshore supply vessels for on-demand, resupply of combatant vessels.

SEILER INTERNATIONAL CORP.(SEICOR)
2239 PORTSIDE WAY
CHARLESTON, SC 29407
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(843) 554-5628
Mr. Carl Holland
NAVY 06-057      Awarded: 08MAY06
Title:Cargo Transfer from Offshore Supply Vessels to Large Deck Vessels
Abstract:Unloading of offshore supply or other small to medium sized vessel accomplished using sea state 5 capable modified two mast AutoLog system. Load is picked up from supply vessel and landed on the deck edge elevator, stabilized by computer controlled winches. System can accomodate containers or other types of cargo with spreader adapters. System is capable of moving 30, 53,000 pound containers (or equivalent cargo) per hour.BENEFITS: System is lightweight and low cost, therefore adaptable to installation on small ships, such as coastal container ships, for call at smaller ports that do not have gantry cranes.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 371-2568
Mr. Michael McAleenan
NAVY 06-058      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Rugged Next Generation Composite False Deck System For Lightweight, Fire & Shock-Proof Elevated Open Spaces
Abstract:Navy elevated deck structures utilize lightweight, fire-resistant composite deck tiles for walking surfaces. Current Nomex-cored glass/phenolic sandwich baseline panels are expensive, need special edge treatments after cutting to shape, and are frequently damaged by chipping at their thin edges. KaZaK has identified attractive pultrudable alternatives that can be used for the next generation of tough, inexpensive deck tiles. KaZaK designs will meet or exceed current system requirements, including weight and FST. Our designs will not require edge treatments when cut, will be considerably more resistant to the types of damage that destroy the current panels, and will permit panels to be repaired while underway and/or pier-side. KaZaK will also investigate alternative tile-to-sub-frame attachment schemes to meet shock requirements and improve below-deck access for ship system maintenance. KaZaK's Phase I endeavors will focus on design, fabrication and testing of prototype deck panel hardware intended as a part-for-part replacement of existing DDG Nomex sandwich deck panels. Phase I panels will be designed to mount to the existing aluminum substructure. Some consideration in Phase I will also be given to redesign of an optimized substructure for the next generation panel system that will be developed in Phase II.BENEFITS: Military and commercial applications of elevated deck tiles that are lightweight, structurally stiff and fire resistant have enormous potential. Navy ships utilize elevated deck systems to permit communication, electrical and HVAC systems to run underneath the false deck. This practice is repeated throughout the Navy fleet. In addition, Navy and commercial ship joiner bulkheads, built in accommodations and moveable dividers are all markets for a tough, fire resistant and lightweight composite panels. The Army would be interested in these panels for portable shelters to support housing, medical, and storage facilities. In addition, these large composite panels could be used in the commercial construction market providing fire resistant cubicles, room dividers and nonstructural wall partitions.

MATERIALS SCIENCES CORP.
181 Gibraltar Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Mr. Richard Foedinger
NAVY 06-058      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Advanced Structural Development of an Interior, Elevated Decking System (MSC P6001)
Abstract:There is a critical need to replace the current honeycomb decking systems in service on Navy ships. Installation of current elevated decking systems is labor intensive and frequent, expensive maintenance is required to repair or replace deck panels that are easily damaged under heavy foot traffic or operational loading conditions. Improved material systems and more efficient manufacturing methods are needed to realize more efficient, damage tolerant false deck systems that can be more easily installed and withstand expected in-service loading conditions. Improved fire-resistant material formulations, efficient structural designs and cost-effective pultrusion processing are proposed as part of this research to achieve improved structural integrity and reduced total ownership costs. The proposed composite material system offers improved strength/stiffness and FST performance in a pultruded composite structure with integrated attachment features. The Phase I Integrated Product Team consisting of a recognized composite ship structure design organization, large-scale pultrusion manufacturer and a major shipbuilder ensures the successful product development and transition to a Navy ship system. BENEFITS: The primary benefit/application for this research is for an efficient, damage tolerant decking system for the DDG51 ship class as well as other Navy and commercial ship systems. Other potential applications exist for commercial buildings (computer rooms, laboratories), rail car flooring panels, and bridge decks, for example.

ADVANCED INTEGRATED SYSTEMS
81 David Love Pl.
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 504-3842
Mr. Garry Gates
NAVY 06-059      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Replaceable Inserts for Ship's Line Handling Chocks
Abstract:Navy ships experience rapid wear and chaffing of ship's mooring ropes against the standard deck-edge chocks requiring that they be replaced every 18 to 24 months. To minimize this significant cost, Advanced Integrated Systems, LLC (AIS) proposes a new system of replaceable chock inserts - stainless steel covered by a low friction, non-corroding, long life coating. Phase I efforts include performing trade studies, identifying the appropriate performance requirements, developing test samples and performing computerized modeling. These efforts will result in a new chock design which is economical and commercially viable. The new coated chocks will be non-abrasive and will not contribute to the fouling of mooring lines. They will also withstand the forces imparted by the heaviest ship lines and remain unaffected by corrosive marine environments.BENEFITS: The successful chock and replaceable insert design will result in significant life cycle mooring line cost savings for the US Navy, US Coast Guard, and commercial shipping industry.

NELSON ENGINEERING CO.
3655 Belle Arbor
Titusville, FL 32780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 269-1113
Ms. Carolyn Seringer
NAVY 06-059      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Replaceable Inserts for Ship's Line Handling Chocks
Abstract:The Navy seeks to develop an insert for Navy ship chocks that will decrease the wearing and fowling of the current mooring lines and rigging equipment. Nelson Engineering Company proposes an innovative solution by developing a chock insert fabricated from Nylatronr NSM. This proposal discusses the requirements that a viable chock insert material must meet and how Nylatronr NSM either meets or exceeds these requirements. It also sets forth a detailed testing methodology and statistical result analysis that will be used to determine the degree of certainty to which the insert is likely to satisfy the requirements when installed in the field. Lastly, the proposal includes a discussion of the geometry and installation method that has been selected and will be optimized through the testing of a full scale prototype (fabricated in Phase I) in a future Phase II engagement.BENEFITS: being secured to port. This insert will also be durable enough to withstand the corrosive marine environment and strong enough the force of the line under maximum allowable tension. These inserts will greatly increase the service life of mooring lines. Since the wearing of mooring lines is an industry wide problem and Nylatronr NSM can be easily molded to any shape, cast nylon inserts can be fabricated for all classes of Navy ships as well as all commercial and recreational vessels.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Bryan Koene
NAVY 06-060      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Multifunctional Self Healing Coatings for Marine Applications
Abstract:There is a huge cost associated with the maintenance of metal components for military and commercial applications. The total annual U.S. cost for corrosion is $276 billion and the defense cost alone is estimated at $20 billion. Luna is addressing this need to enhance the service life of ship structures and sub-components by developing a multifunctional coating system. Several research efforts, including those of Luna, have demonstrated the ability for coatings and other polymer materials to self-heal after a damage event. However, the protective properties of the repaired area of the coating are generally degraded from those of the qualified paint system itself, particularly with respect to corrosion resistance and antifouling. Luna proposes to build on this self-healing coating technology by producing a multifunctional coating system to meet these challenges. Luna's coating system will 1) self-heal damaged areas, 2) supply corrosion inhibitors to halt corrosion damage, and 3) provide an antifouling surface to prevent the attachment of biological organisms. This multifunctional coating will extend the service life of marine structures and vehicles.BENEFITS: This proposed research is part of a larger overall effort and fits well into the strategic focus of Luna. The multifunctional ability of these coatings on various surfaces will allow them to be tuned to specific applications. This technology will have a huge cost savings on military and commercial applications requiring protection from corrosion.

NEI CORP.
400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 868-3141
Dr. Stein Schreiber Lee
NAVY 06-060      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Nanomaterial additives for self-repair coatings
Abstract:Current corrosion protection for the US Navy is often provided by Chromium based compounds which are considered hazardous and potential carcinogens. Exposure can occur during coating operations, and release is highly probable in sea water applications. A suitable alternative is therefore needed, but will have to closely match the performance of the Chromate Conversion Coatings (CCCs) in terms of damage responsiveness without the adverse environmental and health effects. An additional concern in ship coatings are fouling of the paint surface which can result in decreased speed and increased fuel consumption. Building upon ongoing work on polyurethane nanocomposite coatings at NEI Corporation, we propose to develop a new class of easily applied damage responsive (i.e. self-repairing), antifouling polymer nanocomposite coatings for corrosion protection of steel for naval ships. The proposed multifunctional water-based urethane coatings will contain a dispersion of conducting polymer-ion complexes, semiconducting nanoparticles, and hydrophobic nanophase domains. Active corrosion repair will be accomplished by polymer-ion complexes in the matrix phase of the nanocomposite. Semiconducting nanoparticles and polymers will provide anodic protection and high resistance of electron flow in galvanic corrosion cells that are formed due to damage to the coating. The nanoparticles will also provide anti-fouling capability to the system in concert with the hydrophobic nanophase domains. NEI's damage responsive, anti-fouling polymer nanocomposite coatings will enable the Navy to safely and economically protect metal substrates from corrosion and fouling in underwater applications. The formulation developed in this program will be incorporated in commercial coating formulations to enhance anti-fouling capability and impart self-repair characteristicsBENEFITS: The maintenance costs associated with corrosion for the DOD is estimated at $10 to $20 Billion/year. Additionally, the Navy spends $100 million annually for hull cleaning, ablative anti-fouling coatings, repainting, and other issues associated with fouling. Add to this the estimated 30% reduction in fuel efficiency due to fouling. The proposed damage responsive corrosion protection/ anti-fouling coatings could aid in offsetting these high costs for conducting naval operations.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2302
Dr. Ronald L. Cook
NAVY 06-060      Awarded: 04MAY06
Title:Self-Repairing Corrosion-Inhibiting Coating
Abstract:Corrosion is potentially the number one cost driver in lifecycle costs throughout the Department of Defense. The total annual direct cost of corrosion incurred by all the military services for systems and infrastructure has recently been estimated to be as much as $20 billion. Materials, energy, labor and technical expertise that would otherwise be available for other uses must be allocated for inspection and corrosion control. Corrosion of naval ships is becoming an increasingly significant problem as the useful lifetime of the ships is extended to control costs. This problem is exacerbated by the movement toward reductions in crew size that limits the availability of personnel to perform corrective and preventative maintenance actions. Self-repairing coatings will reduce the manpower workload requirements in the area of shipboard corrosion control by repairing coating defects that are induced by physical damage or by corrosion underneath the coating. In this Phase I we will demonstrate a coating that contains a self-repair function that will extend the life of coating and the time needed between inspections. BENEFITS: Self-repairing coatings have the potential to reduce both maintenance costs and costs associated with the health and safety of materials used in ships, automobiles, aircraft, and infrastructure applications (e.g. bridges, buildings etc.).

RESODYN CORP.
130 North Main Street Suite 600
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 497-5229
Mr. Scott Coguill
NAVY 06-061      Awarded: 12MAY06
Title:No-Bake Powder Coating for Shipbuilding Applications
Abstract:The U.S. Navy desires a ship painting procedure that produces powder coating quality without the requirement of putting the whole ship in an oven Resodyn Corporation proposes an innovative no-bake powder coating process that uses thermal spray techniques to melt and cure polymer powders onto large structures without the need of a curing oven. Related development work and preliminary design indicate a high potential for success. Resodyn Corporation's proposed design depends on precise heat management at various stages of the process resulting in independently controlled heating of the polymer and the substrate. This prevents polymer degradation and overheating of the substrate. The Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of the process by applying common aeronautical coatings on aluminum substrates.BENEFITS: By increasing the use of a solventless powder coating practices, such as the one proposed by Resodyn Corporation, the U.S. Navy can make a significant contribution to the modernization goals of the second and third-tiered U.S. shipbuilding shipyards. There are also substantial economic benefits relating to decreased manpower needs when comparing the powder coating process to wet painting. These benefits are applicable across all services in the military where vehicle painting now occurs, including planes, trucks, tanks and water craft. Resodyn Corporation is ideally suited to develop a viable business around the expected military and commercial market pull for this technology. Resodyn Corporation's agile business model, research capabilities, and light manufacturing potential enable us to deliver product to the market.

XIOM CORP.
68A Lamar Street
West Babylon, NY 11704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 643-4400
Mr. Thomas Gardega
NAVY 06-061      Awarded: 18MAY06
Title:In-Situ Application of Powder Coating Technology
Abstract:There is a strong desire and need to apply powder coatings in situ to eliminate VOC's, provide for superior coatings, eliminate fumes, provide thick film build in one application, and shorten cure times. The proposed Xiom research will be directed towards the development of a portable system capable of applying in-situ powder coatings to vessels, vehicles, equipment, structures and components for the United States and commercial shipyards. The system will have broad application for other military branches, US Government and commercial sectors. The proposed research will explore the ability to apply in situ powder coatings that do not require pre-heating or post heating cure of the substrate to be coated. Also it shall be light weight, compact and rely on compressed air and propane as an input. The system envisioned will incorporate a unique approach of using a planar venturi to combine the propane and air chemistry for combustion. The external geometry will incorporate a provision for shaped and directed air flow to an apex to propagate a compression wave, which will transfer heat to the coating material efficiently and deposit it upon a substrate. BENEFITS: The proposed Xiom research will result in many benefits among which are: (1) the ability to apply powder coatings in-situ; (2) easy to operate and simple to repair; (3) light weight and portable with the ability to be used in confined spaces; (4) low capital cost; (5) limited facility requirements and inputs; (6) elimination of volatile organic compounds (VOC's); (7) the deposition of thick film powder coatings in one application; instant cure

PAR SYSTEMS
899 West Hwy 96
Shoreview, MN 55126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 528-5214
Mr. Dennis Densmore
NAVY 06-062      Awarded: 09MAY06
Title:New Approaches to Shipbuilding Finishing and Assembly Operations
Abstract:This program will investigate and develop an automated metal removal system concept that is precise, portable, adaptive and readily deployable to support modern in-situ shipyard manufacturing techniques. This type of system is needed to support future trends of modular shipbuilding, and to reduce current production costs and cycle times. PaR Systems, Inc. will build upon proven technologies and experiences derived from fielding hundreds of large scale automated precision material removal systems in the aerospace industry. PaR's subsidary Jered LLC has a long history of providing large fabricated components for a various Naval ships and will assist by providing the familiarity of Naval shipbuilding and manufacturing know-how. This research will focus on two promising approaches to deploy a vision guided metal removal end effector: 1) a large scale mobile robotic platform with a six axes telescopic boom configuration and 2) a crane deployed magnetically anchored platform supporting a smaller 6 axis commercial robot. BENEFITS: A successful system will provide a measurable ROI to the shipbuilder, reduce material handling and speed production. PaR anticipates additional sales of $20 million in the next 5 years.

CONTEXT FUSION, LLC
2396 N CR 1500E
Seymour, IL 61875
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 239-4526
Dr. Fang Shen
NAVY 06-063      Awarded: 09MAY06
Title:Application of a Uniform Coating Thickness for Complex or Irregular Surfaces
Abstract:Current coating methodologies for geometrically irregular surfaces have become increasing complex and expensive to apply. Yet surfaces exposed to corrosive environments can still suffer the risk of corrosion. While the Navy has invested in edge retentive coating systems, application procedures still require the application of multiple coats due to the challenges inherent in coating complex and irregular surfaces. The use of multiple coating layers to ensure adequate coverage directly translates to increased labor and materials costs. And yet coating failures still tend to occur most rapidly in areas of geometric irregularity. Context Fusion is developing a novel spray coating technology for uniformly coating large complex surfaces for the naval shipbuilding industry. The system will be compact, completely self-contained and capable of retrofitting to existing spray coating equipment. The research will demonstrate that this coating technology will not only reduce the labor and material cost by substantially eliminating overspray, but the high transfer efficiency inherent with this approach will also significantly reduce the release of the coating material into the environment. BENEFITS: Context Fusion anticipates that the combination of decreased time and cost for coating application, more reliable coating coverage, and ease of adaptability to existing coating systems will create a demand initially in the Navy that will extend to other heavy marine industrial applications, e.g. offshore structures, marine commercial vessels, cruise vessels, casino vessels, etc. We also believe solving the specific challenge of the Navy coating requirement will have direct application to a number of heavy manufacturing and maintenance industries, e.g. petroleum refineries, power generation facilities, paper and pulp, etc. Further refinements on nozzle assembly design will apply to most of the thin-film industry.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-7130
Dr. Vladimir Rubtsov
NAVY 06-064      Awarded: 10MAY06
Title:Rapid Visible Cure Illuminator for Ship Surface Protective Coating
Abstract:Visible light curing polymers, a dynamic technology with new applications that are continually being developed, can provide an alternate solution to the current rapid cure method for ship surface coating, which uses corrosion resistant multicomponent resins. Corporate and government entities are looking for faster speed, improved coating performance, and compliance with environmental and personnel safety requirements. Under the U.S. Navy's SBIR program, Spectra Group Limited demonstrated acrylate formulations as repair paints, for use in ballast tanks, to replace or augment the current two-part epoxy polymers. This coating can be cured with 360 470 nm visible light. This curing system, which is based on a xenon source, is bulky, heavy, and inefficient, and does not satisfy U.S. Navy requirements for in-field use. IOS proposes to develop a high efficiency curing system that is based on a broadband LED cluster. The device will operate in the specified spectral range, produce a higher level of irradiance, and provide the immediate cure (<30 seconds) of coatings, even on 3-D structures; it will incorporate additional features such as modular design, a paint dispenser with a rolling brush, cure and process control, and remote operation from distances over 100 feet from the power supply.BENEFITS: The first and foremost beneficiary of the proposed research will be the U.S. Navy, which will receive a portable, lightweight tool for repair coatings on any 3D surface of the ship, at sea or in port. In addition to benefiting the Navy, this device will be important to digital printing; the flexible modular design provides adjustability to different types of printers. Some other curing applications to which this device will be valuable include: Protective coatings and adhesive CDs and DVDs in a production line, Microelectronics, Industrial protective coatings, Ink and wood coatings, especially for flexible packaging, and Wooden flooring, which is rising in popularity in Japan, Taiwan, and Korea.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. James Garrett
NAVY 06-064      Awarded: 10MAY06
Title:Extended Pot Life and Controlled Cure Marine Coating
Abstract:Reapplication of corrosion control coatings constitutes a major part of a ship overhaul in both time and resources. Many areas require multiple coats which need time to cure before the area can be recoated or used. One half of a ship's total overhaul time can be spent waiting for coatings to cure before work can resume. Down time can be reduced substantially through the use of "rapid cure" coatings, which cure in less than 20 minutes. The two components must be mixed immediately prior to application due to their high reactivity, which requires specialized equipment such as metering pumps and mixing chambers. Cost savings are offset by increased training in process control and material handling. To address the immediate need for a coating system with easy application and rapid turnaround, Luna Innovations proposes to develop a coating system with extended pot life and controlled cure. The coating is applied using traditional techniques (roller, brush, sprayer) and once the coating is in place the cure can be triggered by an external stimulus. In this manner, the coating will behave like a rapid cure system (ready to recoat or use in 20 minutes) without the associated difficulties in material handling.BENEFITS: Significant time, money and manpower go into recoating ship surfaces during an overhaul. Areas that require multiple coats must have time for primer coats to dry before application of the stripe coat or top coat, and the top coat must dry before work can be done in that or adjacent areas. Existing polyurethane and polyurea rapid cure systems are available that reduce the cure time to less than 20 minutes, but they must be mixed at the spray head, require special equipment, and expose the applicator to dangerous isocyanates. The proposed system would allow for easy application by brush, roller, or traditional spray equipment due to an extended potlife, while still curing in less than 20 minutes when triggered by an external stimulus. The controlled cure would allow for rapid recoating or immediate use of the recoated area. The isocyanate-free system is also safer for the applicators, as well as all workers in the vicinity. The proposed coating system could be modified for different coating chemistries and is therefore applicable to many industries, both military and commercial.

WW TECHNOLOGY GROUP
4519 Mustering Drum
Ellicott City, MD 21042
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 418-4353
Dr. Chris J. Walter
NAVY 06-065      Awarded: 19JUN06
Title:Techniques for High Assurance in Submarine Systems
Abstract:The embedded control and information systems deployed in the Virginia Class submarine provide a sophisticated set of functions that must deliver safe and dependable mission critical functions. When considering the application domain, safety and system certification activities can become a formidable task in each development spiral. As the system evolves and is maintained, the need to repeat the certification process represents a significant contributor to the life cycle cost structure. WWTG offers an innovative and practical approach for detailing how high confidence technologies can be implemented within a critical submarine embedded control system, including complex fly-by-wire systems. Our approach centers on the representation of system dependability, safety and certification aspects within a comprehensive system architecture model. This model and a supporting set of analysis tools enable system designers to make effective design trade-offs that lead to reduced overall recertification costs while maintaining the required dependability and safety properties across the complete system life cycle. These tools are equally applicable for the analysis of fielded systems that require increased reliability or availability.BENEFITS: Our approach contains many benefits when employed on complex high failure consequence systems that address system performance, dependability, safety and life cycle cost. The key benefit that our technology provides is reduced system certification costs while maintaining high levels of system reliability and safety. By integrating system certification process sensitivities with system architectural models the cost drivers in the certification process are exposed and can be actively considered with other traditional design trade-offs. This leads to more cost effective initial designs and upgrades of existing systems. The integration of attributes for dependability and safety provide addition benefits; enabling early detection of reliability issues or potential safety violations, which in turn leads to deployed systems that are more robust and have lower cost due to elimination of expensive rework late in the development cycle.

MARK RESOURCES, INC.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
Dr. Richard L. Mitchell
NAVY 06-066      Awarded: 19MAY06
Title:Non-Scanning 360 Degree LPI Radar
Abstract:MARK Resources proposes to develop non-scanning radar suitable for installation on a submarine mast, small boat, unmanned underwater vehicle, ocean buoy, tower, and other littoral sites. The radar will simultaneously detect and classify all surface targets within the radar horizon, in all weather conditions. The size of the package depends on the desired detection range, and for the short-range application on a submarine mast, it will be possible to include all of the rf and if electronics within the available space on the mast. In this application the exposure time will be minimal, and the emissions will be virtually undetectable. Technology Service Corporation is our teaming partner for radar hardware development. BENEFITS: The capability to reliably detect, track, and classify radar targets in a timely manner is extremely important in practically all military applications. The basic signal processing technology is also applicable in all situations where details about man-made objects are to be obtained remotely by radar, and for discriminating one type of target from another.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Paul Shnitser
NAVY 06-067      Awarded: 11MAY06
Title:Hyperspectral Omnidirectional Periscope
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a new omnidirectional periscope for submarines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new HyperSpectral OmniDirectional Camcorder (HSODC). This proposed system is based on the unique optical design that makes the HSODC fully compatible with the developed and tested optical bench in the photonic mast periscope. The HSODC will offer a 360 degree field of view in horizon and -15 degrees to +55 degrees in elevation in any part of the visible, NIR, and MWIR spectral intervals simultaneously while providing crisp panoramic spectral images as well as a processed synthetic image with enhanced visibility of potential targets. The system will have minimal latency and will allow use of the conventional narrow field of view telescope with the same set of imaging cameras. It will fit the photonic mast dimensions and will have an extended lifetime of over 20,000 hours MTBF. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HSODC by designing, fabricating, and testing a HSODC prototype. In Phase II POC plans to develop a fully operational HSODC prototype and demonstrate its operation. BENEFITS: The proposed HSODC will enhance the situational awareness of a submerged submarine and will improve its reconnaissance capabilities. It will cue the conventional telescopic system in a periscope assembly and missile and aircraft protection systems in the case of specific threats from any direction around the submarine. The HSODC will also find applications for surface ship security, in military vehicles, and for base protection. Simplified HSODC versions will be useful for homeland security applications and for environmental monitoring.

TECHNEST HOLDINGS, INC.
10605 Concord St., #500
Kensington, MD 20895
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 962-6565
Dr. Steven Yi
NAVY 06-067      Awarded: 11MAY06
Title:REAL-TIME OMNI-DIRECTIONAL HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGER
Abstract:Technest Holdings proposes to develop, without using traditional complex and expensive zoom structures, a real-time omni-directional and zoom capable hyperspectral recording and processing imager called Omni-Guard. Omni-Guard will quickly search for a target in any global view and provide a detailed or close-in image. It will use an innovative switching mechanism for high resolution imaging. Omni-Guard achieves 180 degree narrow FOV beam scanning by rotating, through mini-motors, a compact lightweight mirror instead of a PTZ camera. It uses compact mega pixel EO/IR and MWIR capable imagers for low power consumption (less than 1 w at 30 fps) and high dynamic range (120 dB). Importantly, the EO/NIR image sensor's capability of low light visible and near infrared imaging makes it amenable to outdoor, day and night ISR operations. Omni-Guard provides a modular and adaptive optical structure that is applicable for any spectral region and both multi-spectral and hyperspectral imaging. It achieves better image quality and system reliability by using a compact and long life cryocooler. Omni-Guard is lightweight (<2 lb) and small in size (a cylinder <6" diameter x 7" height). BENEFITS: We will market the Omni-Guard system suites to the surveillance and guidance market. There is a general need for small and powerful EO/IR hyperspectral sensors for covert operations on land and sea. The combination of compact optical structure with the SOS provides a wonderful fit as a small, affordable device that can be added to any surveillance or guidance to provide intelligence. Our Omni-Guard can also provide both wide FOV surveillance and directed narrow FOV zoom for target detection and recognition. From police departments to treatment plants, all can benefit from low-cost, highly enhanced eyes to deter crime in urban streets and protect perimeters. Due to the increase in the number of applications for lightweight, tactical surveillance, the success of the Phase II program will virtually guarantee non-federal follow-on investment for our Phase III product development. In addition, we will continue to work with other forms of overhead surveillance, including the US Army's JLENS program which uses towers and blimps to perform their surveillance. Recently, they have approached Genex to determine if Genex can resolve their current limitations: weight (200 lbs. Gimbaled FLIR unit) and size (large optical sensor form factor).

OCEAN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING CORP.(OSEC)
2141 Palomar Airport Road Suite 200
Carlsbad, CA 92009
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 260-8515
Mr. MICHAEL HENSON
NAVY 06-087      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Tools for Real Time IO/ISR Applications (STRTI2A)
Abstract:DoD is moving quickly toward Network Centric Warfare and distributed enterprise services provided via Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) as a means of providing Net-Centric capabilities and front end sensor networking. Some early candidates have already emerged that are capable of providing many of the required services and performance. Numerous requirements and directives are forcing this evolutionary change in the way the armed services conduct business for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR). Key to this are CJCSI 6212.01D including Net-ready Key Performance Parameters (KPPs), Key Interface Profiles (KIPs), Information Assurance (IA) and Information Technology (IT) Standards; the GIG Architecture and Net-Centric Operations and Warfare (NCOW) Reference Model (RM) compliance, GIG Enterprise Services (GIG ES (GES) compliance; FORCEnet compliance; and others. These are mentioned here since they are the "rulers" being used to "measure" the design, development and transition into a Program of Record (POR) of any SOA Adaptations for Real Time Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance capability, and therefore are key to this SBIR response. As with any evolving concept, there are near-term solutions, with limitations, and there are far term goals waiting for new technology to satisfy. For example, proprietary solutions still limit use; security management is a problem in a multi-security level, multi-user environment; common data standards are still evolving for data types and for meta-data, and so on. The OSEC team proposes herein to investigate several areas we believe to be innovative and of benefit in the area of SOA Adaptations for Real-Time ISR. These sub-topics include defining a framework for ISR Sensors; investigating capabilities vs. ongoing / planned efforts within DOD: applying autonomic computing techniques; devising a common Maritime IO Management Picture (CMP); describing a Common Event Management Service architecture; defining requirements for sensors in the Sensor Harness; designing a Programmable Sensor Filter; Investigating analyst toolsets for automation, Including Fusion Services; and defining/designing a sensor harness implementation that fits within an SOA framework for sensors. Phase I is limited to scientific investigation and research, trade studies and engineering analyses. There are no plans for demonstrations and tests in Phase I, but OSEC plans to demonstrate innovative building blocks of the evolving SOA for ISR during Phase II. BENEFITS: STRTI2A focuses research on a few of the current "holes" in the current SOA fabric with regard to the current Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS) and Distributed Information Operations (DIO) efforts. By identifying, selecting and examining known shortfalls in the areas common to both of these efforts, this SBIR will present at least 3 innovative solutions for continued pursuit and prototype development in Phase II. Final development of the 3 solutions identified in the Phase II would be completed in a Phase III transition contract. Commercialization of these solutions via transition into the DCGS and DIO Programs of Record as NESI compliant software segments will help DoD meet emerging capability requirements for Network Centric Warfare and distributed enterprise services for existing and future IO/ISR systems.

KALSCOTT ENGINEERING, INC.
3226 SW Timberlake Ln.
Topeka, KS 66614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(785) 979-1113
Mr. Tom Sherwood
NAVY 06-092      Awarded: 05MAY06
Title:Wi-Fi From the Sea
Abstract:The need for wi-fi communications and detection capability from a shipboard environment is identified. Several technical challenges are addressed, and solutions are proposed. The use of directional, stabilized antennas for accurate pointing and high gain, and low temeperature devices for noise reduction is discussed. A detailed Phase I technical work plan, and Phase II plans are presented. The work proposed is based on a rigorous and extensive background in operating Wi-Fi in a marine environment. BENEFITS: The operation of Wi-Fi networks in marine, and other high-interference environments. This will lead to new methods for long range, secure communications, and listening capabilities.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Ms. Francesca Scire' Scappuzzo
NAVY 06-093      Awarded: 25MAY06
Title:Novel Dual-band Antennas for VHF-UHF Communications on Submarines
Abstract:Future RF communication technologies for US submarines require high antenna performance, such as increasing gain and multi-band/wide-band capability. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to design, build, and test a novel dual-band antenna operating in both VHF (30 MHz-174 MHz) and UHF (225 MHz - 400 MHz) bands. This antenna will reduce the number of necessary antennas on board of US submarines, reducing costs and freeing space for additional capabilities for the communication suite and other electromagnetic instrumentation in the submarine mast. BENEFITS: While the dual-band antenna proposed in this SBIR NAVY program is specifically designed for the OE-538 mast, there are some aspects of the proposed technology solution that can be applied to very diverse commercial applications. Depending on how the antennas are designed, they can be successfully used in both high performance RF satellite communications and low-end market (wearable and cell phone antennas).

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Michael A. Gilbert
NAVY 06-093      Awarded: 06JUN06
Title:Future Antennas
Abstract:The available space for antennas located in the OE-538 mast is extremely limited. The gain and bandwidth performance of antennas are ultimately limited by their size. This limited gain and bandwidth constrains the maximum communication data rate for submarines. With the increasing communication requirements planned for the OE-538 mast (e.g. Iridium), future antennas in the OE-538 mast will need to make more efficient use of the limited available aperture. Fortunately, there are some opportunities for better utilization of the aperture within the OE-538 mast. For example, the area in the AFT portion of the radome (behind the backbone) can be utilized to enhance the azimuthal directivity of the UHF antenna. Another example is that both GPS and Iridium can utilize the space currently allocated for the GPS antenna. A single antenna in this area can easily cover both GPS bands and the Iridium L-band. A second antenna stacked on top can accommodate Ku-band signals. Toyon has extensive experience designing antennas for the OE-538 mast. Toyon proposes to use this experience to investigate two possible future antennas for the mast: 1) dipole elements behind the backbone to enhance UHF antenna gain and 2) an antenna that incorporates both GPS and Iridium. BENEFITS: The proposed project will improve the state-of-the-art in shared apertures. For the U.S. defense community, this provides a means for better utilizing the limited space on military platforms. For the commercial sector, it provides a means to incorporate satellite communication and GPS on a single antenna.

NOVA PHOTONICS, INC.
One Oak Place
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 243-3463
Dr. Fred M. Levinton
NAVY 06-095      Awarded: 31MAY06
Title:Wide Field Tunable Optical Filter
Abstract:Nova Photonics, Inc. proposes to design and develop a narrow bandwidth spectral filter, with a large aperture, based on a wide field Lyot type birefringent filter. The filter would have a field of view of over +/- 45 degrees in water with a 1 inch diameter aperture. The spectral resolution would be less than 0.2 nm with high out-of-band rejection. The unique filter design is very compact which aids in the high throughput and wide field design. The filter can be operated anywhere in the visible or IR region of the spectrum and can be rapidly tuned over narrow wavelength regions. BENEFITS: Current technology has limitations in high data rate communication between mobile platforms above and below water. Underwater communication precludes the use of all forms of electromagnetic radiation with the exception of very low frequency (low data rate) and blue-green visible frequency (very high data rate). Acoustic systems are limited in data rate. A free space laser communication system operating in the blue-green portion of the spectrum has the potential to transmit at very high data rates to submarines at speed and depth. The successful development of the proposed filter would significantly improve data communication rates, including video, between mobile platforms both above and below water. This could benefit Homeland Security which is responsible for harbor and near shore security and in commercial applications such as oil-rig inspection and maintenance.

ACULIGHT CORP.
11805 North Creek Parkway S. Suite 113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. John Minelly
NAVY 06-096      Awarded: 22MAY06
Title:Blue-Green Laser for Undersea Communication
Abstract:Aculight proposes the development of a blue/green laser system for underwater communications. The laser comprises a hybrid system in which a directly modulated 1064nm semiconductor laser is amplified in a multistage Yb-doped fiber amplifier and subsequently frequency doubled in non-critically phase match LBO crystal. In the phase I program all key specifications will be demonstrated in a laboratory breadboard. We will demonstrate >10W output power at or around 532nm with pulse durations in the range 0.5-5.0ns and pulse repetition frequencies (PRF) in the range 100kHz-10MHz. The proposed architecture, which overcomes the PRF, size, weight and efficiency limitations of current laser technologies, is ideally suited to the requirements of the solicitation and to the targeted deployment environment. In a phase I option we will operate our seed laser in a single frequency regime as required by the primary application. The option experiments will enable us to bridge the phase I demonstration to a phase II deliverable with minimal difficulty. The Yb fiber amplifier at the heart of the system is based around an established pulsed fiber laser product platform which will form the basis of the packaged laser delivered by Aculight in the event of a phase II award. BENEFITS: High power lasers have many potential applications in DOD systems. The proposed application for underwater communication represents a significant opportunity for Aculight. With the rapid increase in UAVs and UUVs, and the corresponding requirements for compact, efficient and lightweight laser sources, we see the potential for an important and sizeable market. In addition to communications, Navy missions such as mine detection and other optical technologies that utilize blue-green lasers could also benefit from the development of the laser system. Aculight's business philosophy is to target dual-use technologies that have both military and volume commercial applications. The proposed high power green laser combining high power and high brightness with low signal noise at high repetition rates has a great potential to replace existing mode-locked DPSS lasers and directly modulated LDs for medical, material processing and defense applications, such as micromachining, marking, and semiconductor processing.

Q PEAK, INC.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Dr. Kevin F. Wall
NAVY 06-096      Awarded: 23MAY06
Title:High-Pulse-Rate Green Laser for Undersea Communication
Abstract:The Navy needs lasers for applications in high-data-rate communication between mobile platforms both above and below water. Given the transmissive properties of water and the desire to obtain large data rates, the lasers must operate in the blue-green wavelength region and be pulsed with nanosecond durations at rates ranging from 100's to 1000's of kHz. The nature of the communications operating platforms requires the lasers to be low in power consumption, small, lightweight, rugged and reliable. Q-Peak proposes to develop an innovative, scalable, all-solid-state laser configuration that will meet the stated requirements through a unique combination of components and technology.BENEFITS: The technology to be developed and the system to be built will have direct application to future Navy communications systems, and potential application to commercial underwater communication links. Likely commercial spin-offs are in precision machining and laser-based display systems.