---------- SOCOM ----------

17 Phase I Selections from the 06.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
PERCEPTEK
12395 North Mead Way
Littleton, CO 80125
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 344-1037
Mark Allmen
SOCOM 06-001      Awarded: 08AUG06
Title:Automated Detection and Cueing
Abstract:The single most effective method to thwart security threats posed by people with hostile intent is to detect their presence early. Unfortunately, large scale standoff detection of humans is difficult. Various sensors, including still and video cameras, have been designed and applied to human detection, however, to date a person is required to be in the detection loop since robust, automated detection of humans with visual sensors has not yet been achieved. This is particularly unacceptable in military scenarios where the only people available to interact with the surveillance system are often occupied with other critical tasks. As a result, there is a clear need for a truly automated, robust human detection system that only interacts with a person when a threat has been detected. Such a system will provide soldiers with more complete situational awareness and allow them to perform their other activities with increased safety. PercepTek proposes to develop a system that will exploit algorithms that are insensitive to the many and varied image and video properties that are present in many different types of imagers. In cases where the algorithms can be affected by particular properties of the imager, compensating capability will be incorporated into the system.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
SOCOM 06-001      Awarded: 10AUG06
Title:Automated Cueing Using Motion Detection and Extraction
Abstract:To address SOCOM needs for advanced man portable surveillance technologies, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new system for Automated Cueing using Motion detection and Extraction (ACME). ACME is structured around a new hybrid motion detection and object recognition software kernel based on feed-forward neural networks, and state-of-the-art statistical algorithms, capable of identifying objects, and of detecting motion at ranges of 1000 m in daylight and 500 m at night. The ACME system, interfacing imagers and processing hardware, has intelligent and versatile surveillance capability with visual/audible alerts and wired/wireless network interfaces. ACME interfaces with existing imaging systems and data processing hardware through a universal video interface compatible with USB, FireWire, and any video capture-capable device, and thus requires no additional hardware for operation. Its high performance video processing software eliminates the need to alter or manipulate the imager, which will have accelerated video processor capabilities including filtering, geometrical transformation, digital zoom, and fast video display. In Phase I the video converter box and each of the core software modules for ACME will be developed and demonstrated. In Phase II the ACME software modules will be combined into an ACME system suitable for immediate transition to Phase III markets.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
John A. Berger
SOCOM 06-001      Awarded: 11AUG06
Title:Automated Detection and Cueing
Abstract:Infrared (IR) imagery provides a rich source of information for target detection, feature-based tracking, and identification. Yet, variable operating conditions, including sensor range, viewing angle, as well as target illumination and degree of occlusion, have so far prevented the development and effective deployment of a complete solution for real-time target identification. While much attention has been devoted to discovering target features, which are invariant to orientation and affine view transformation, the resulting features have proven to be insufficiently discriminatory for large model databases. To address these and other challenges, we propose the use of scale- and affine transformation-invariant spatial and intensity features, combined with spectral histogram features, for robust, high-performance target identification. Further, we show how real-time processing capability can be achieved through efficient candidate target segmentation, followed by a hierarchical classification structure. This framework ensures that the most computationally demanding operations are only performed for a small number of most likely candidate target matches. Throughout, we show how storage and bandwidth requirements can be minimized, to enable deployment of the complete system in a variety of resource-constrained environments, leading to reduced operator workload and improved combat effectiveness.

PHARAD LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Austin Farnham
SOCOM 06-002      Awarded: 08SEP06
Title:Conformal Appliqu‚ Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft
Abstract:In this Phase I project Pharad proposes to create a family of thin, flexible conformal appliqu‚ antennas that can adhere to the exterior skin of UAVs and aircraft. The flexible radiating assemblies will support FM, VHF TV, and UHF TV signal transmission/reception and be able to mount to a variety of airframes without requiring modification of the aircraft structure. We will analyze the flexible material and adhesives for the proposed appliqu‚ antennas to show they can withstand harsh airborne operating environments and meet RF power handling requirements. The material will also have novel RF isolation properties within it to ensure the antenna can operate independent of its location on the airborne platform and meet radiation coverage and efficiency requirements. The antenna assembly will include an integrated feed mechanism design that provides a robust universal interface to the PSYOPS avionics. We will also develop a concept of operations that includes maintenance, installation, and logistics concepts for the lifecycle of the family of appliqu‚ antennas. Finally, we will confirm the predicted performance through fabrication of a proof of concept prototype of the radiator, adhesion to a non-planar aircraft surrogate, and measurement of the RF characteristics, including gain, radiation patterns and return loss.

SCIPERIO, INC.
PO Box 15127, 6421 S Air Depot, Suite B
Oklahoma City, OK 73155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 622-9200
Robert Taylor
SOCOM 06-002      Awarded: 07SEP06
Title:Conformal Appliqu‚ Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft
Abstract:An antenna system is proposed for the purpose of FM, TV-VHF, and TV-UHF PSYPOS broadcast applications. The antenna system incorporates a radiating structure that is small, light weight, and conformal. A circularly polarized beam is broadcast from an aircraft towards nadir, illuminating the region below the craft with a horizontally-polarized signal, yielding polarizations pointing in both the North-South and East-West directions. This approach helps minimizes polarization related fading as the relative positions of the transmitter and receiver change. Antenna bandwidth is 2:1 at minimum, allowing one antenna to cover each of the three bands in its entirety. This low-cost, highly manufacturable antenna incorporates sheet metal components and will easily operate at the desired 2kW input levels.

WANG ELECTRO-OPTO CORP.
2140 Newmarket Parkway, Suite 110
Marietta, GA 30067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 955-9311
Johnson J. H. Wang
SOCOM 06-002      Awarded: 08SEP06
Title:Conformal Appliqu‚ Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft
Abstract:This is an SBIR Phase-I proposal, under SOCOM Topic 06-002, "Conformal Appliqu‚ Antennas for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Aircraft." A definite need exists to develop a family of appliqu‚ antennas to be conformally mounted on various UAVs and manned aircraft for broadcast of PSYOPS messages at frequencies throughout the FM (87.5-108 MHz) and TV (174-230 MHz and 470-806 MHz) bands. To develop antennas to cover each band individually is not too difficult technically, but would lead to an operational nightmare since many antennas are needed to cover all the bands. On the other hand, to reduce the family of antennas to a single aperture is technically very difficult. Wang Electro-Opto (WEO) has unique, enabling, and well-established broadband conformable antenna technologies, and proposes to develop a single-aperture antenna system that can operate in all FM and TV bands. The proposed antenna can be conformally mounted on a platform with a mounting surface area of about 3 ft. x 3 ft. It is capable of good polarization match with all ground receive antennas, not possible by other approaches. The proposed single-aperture approach is practical, efficient, convenient, and cost-effective, which would not be possible by approaches using a family of antennas.

AZIMUTH, INC.
3741 , Morgantown Industrial Park
Morgantown, WV 26501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 292-3700
John Hurt
SOCOM 06-004      Awarded: 12SEP06
Title:Tactical Biometric Registration and Recognition Suite
Abstract:Historically, biometric collection systems have been designed for fixed Law Enforcement office applications. Their limitations stem from the fact that they were designed for specific hardware collection sensors optimized for a specific application. To a large extent the software is proprietary to a single vendor's sensor suite and not designed to accept international character sets. Current products that the Department of Defense is using for mobile biometrics consist of poorly repackaged office systems. Azimuth proposes to research all available biometric technologies that could possibly be designated and repackaged into a lightweight, rugged, portable and "user-friendly" biometric collection toolset. Our proposed design will encompass the requirements necessary for the screening and processing of individuals encountered within designated military operational environments. Software applications will comply with Biometric Application Programming Interfaces (BioAPI) international standards for the Operating System (OS) and Biometric Service Provider (BSP) interfaces, utilizing international character sets and external interface requirements of national and international biometric data sets. Our proposed application will be standards based and therefore capable of utilizing many vendor sensor products, considering operational requirements such as weight, size, power and cost.

SPACEFLIGHT SYSTEMS CORP.
47 Constitution Drive
Bedford, NH 03110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 472-4934
Lou Ezzio
SOCOM 06-004      Awarded: 12SEP06
Title:A Fusion Based Tactical Biometric Registration and Recognition Toolset
Abstract:Human biometric recognition systems are essential in the automated personal identification and verification applications market. This market spans the commercial and military sectors to include a myriad of identification applications from secure entrance, to time card clocks, to bio-certified delivery systems, to automobiles that recognize their drivers, to money transaction systems, to weapons that recognize their owners, etc. A Fast Pattern Recognition (FPR) algorithm has been developed and tested that demonstrates exceptional multi-modal performance in fused facial recognition, palm-print recognition, and fingerprint recognition even under degraded conditions. This same algorithm has also demonstrated exceptional performance on voice recognition and is easily configured to operate on any input that exhibits a pattern, e.g. iris scan. The FPR algorithm is not based on the typical approaches employing eigenfaces, minutia, wavelets, or other models and transforms, but uses specialized pattern processing to compare input features against enrolled features within a database. It is envisioned that this algorithm technology (currently a total software-implementation on a Laptop computer) coupled with conventional biometric tools will demonstrate superior performance as a general purpose biometric recognition toolset for commercial and-or military systems requiring multi-modal biometric fusion based personal identification.

ULTRA-SCAN CORP.
4240 Ridge Lea Rd
Amherst, NY 14226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 832-6269
John K. Schneider
SOCOM 06-004      Awarded: 08SEP06
Title:Tactical Biometric Registration and Recognition Suite
Abstract:The ability to positively identify individuals and exchange standardized information between disparate databases is critical to the success of the Global War on Terror. In response to this need, Ultra-Scan Corporation proposes to develop a rugged, one-man portable multimodal biometric solution offering reliability, high performance, and standardized data outputs for use in any operational environment under extreme temperatures and heavy moisture. Ultra-Scan will leverage prior multimodal experience and developments to achieve the functional design of a tactical biometric registration and recognition suite which will incorporate voice print, facial, rolled fingerprint, and iris biometric technologies. Over a six month work period, Ultra-Scan will perform an industry survey and evaluation of available COTS and deliver the design for hardware, software, and packaging components. Additionally, Ultra-Scan proposes to use our proprietary Automated Multimodal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS) for testing purposes, which will predict actual performance when deployed with the Department of Defense ABIS.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Keehoon Kim
SOCOM 06-006      Awarded: 17AUG06
Title:Nonintrusive Structure Blueprinting
Abstract:To address the SOCOM need for facility blueprinting of internal building structures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nonintrusive Structure Blueprinting (NSB) technology. This proposed NSB system is based on active pulsation scanning of low-frequency energy to extract three-dimensional layouts of target structures and people behind multiple layers of various composites, including metals. NSB measurement of location, elevation, and azimuth offers operators versatile applicability and portability in any tactical environment, including those where electromagnetic, optical, and ultrasonic energy cannot propagate. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of NSB by developing key components with specifications and algorithms. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize and finalize a prototype NSB system through engineering testing and validation of the design.

CESARONI TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1144 Tallevast Road, Suite 108
Sarasota, FL 34243
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(941) 360-3100
Anthony J. Cesaroni
SOCOM 06-009      Awarded: 31JUL06
Title:Individual Cooling Equipment
Abstract:Military ground mobility vehicles often operate in areas of high heat with no environmental conditioning systems for cooling the individual soldier or critical vehicle electronic systems. Typical vehicle climate control systems are large refrigerant-based systems that are not man portable. SOCOM has expressed a desire for cooling equipment that is man portable for short periods (~ 3 hours). This cooling equipment would be also usable for cooling 2-4 tactical radios mounted in a rack. Recent developments in fuel cell technology, coupled with the innovative use of lightweight heat exchange technology now make the prospect of man portable personnel cooling viable. We anticipate that the optimal solution to SOCOM's requirements will entail two systems, one hard mounted to the vehicle, the other man portable. The man portable system would be able to be recharged from the vehicle mounted system. The most effective individual cooling systems that are currently on the market involve a shirt or vest with large hose elements attached, as shown in the accompanying photo. These garments are them plugged into a large base unit, which circulates cold fluid through the tubes. Without the base units, the garments are simply dead weight. CTI's proposed solution to the portable man-cooling task builds on technology developed by Cesaroni Technology Inc. that includes a Peltier cooler (shown at right) embedded in a lightweight polymeric heat exchanger. The CTI system, when adapted to a man cooling design would entail fine polymeric tubing coupled to a Peltier device. Either a lithium polymer battery or a small fuel cell would power the system while the soldier is dismounted from the vehicle. The system could be charged from the vehicle while the soldier is in the vehicle. The hard mounted system would also use Peltier devices for the cooling of rack-mounted radios. The system could be charged from the vehicle while the soldier is in the vehicle. The CTI system would not require the use of refrigerants. Another advantage to the Peltier-based system is that simply reversing the electrical connections to the device changes the system from a cooler to a heater. This could be useful in operations that occur at night or in areas of extreme temperature fluctuation. System power for the portable system would come from either high energy density lithium-polymer batteries or small fuel cells. Both options show promise in the dimensions, weights and capacities required. Fuel cells are currently being developed for small portable applications, including laptop computers. Cells of this magnitude are believed to be applicable to the personnel cooling system. Similarly, lithium-polymer batteries have the benefits that they are light weight and possess excellent energy densities. They can also be readily made in a variety of shapes, thus facilitating integration into a man-portable system. Cesaroni Technology Inc. proposes to design, develop, fabricate and test a functioning prototype during Phase I of this program.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
SOCOM 06-009      Awarded: 26JUL06
Title:Body Air Ventilation System
Abstract:To address the U.S. SOCOM need for an individual microcooling system that can be used with HMMWVs and FMTVs, operate while mounted in the vehicle, and function for limited periods while dismounted, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new modular Body Air Ventilation (BAV) system that does not contain any circulating heat transfer fluid. Each module is powered either separately or from a common rechargeable battery, which can be easily and quickly replaced. Batteries and BAV systems use the same 12 VDC power, which allows them to be used in any car or truck. While in the HMMWV or FMTV, removed batteries and individual systems are connected to the charger, which converts the 24 VDC electric power of the vehicle electric system to the 12 VDC supplied to the battery charger and microclimate systems installed both on soldiers and in the communication equipment rack. The BAV system weighs about 1.5 lb. and, because of modularity, is minimally vulnerable to damage and easily repairable; perforated air channels (actually miniducts) can be repaired with any adhesive tape. The BAV module contains no moving parts (excluding the microfans), and is thus less affected by combat conditions (mechanical shocks, impacts from projectiles).

R*BAT, INC.
8878 Myrtle Hill Dr.
St. Francisville, LA 70775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 946-2785
Alton D. Wheeler
SOCOM 06-009      Awarded: 26JUL06
Title:Individual Cooling Equipment
Abstract:Special Operations forces (SOF) operate in all weather conditions. It has identified a need for a micro-cooling system that can be vehicle mounted and man-portable, as well as provide a capability to cool vehicle mounted communications and electronics equipment. To meet the needs of SOF the system must be small, lightweight, quiet, low power, and gasless. We propose a compact micro-cooling system that meets, and exceeds, these requirements. Using a patent-pending Positive Displacement Non-Pulsating Pump, our product will cool air using a patented cooling method based upon Peltier thermo-electric cooling modules. We will address all issues and provide technical documentation that supports solutions to the heat-related problems and will provide documentation in support of a material resolution. We will develop overall system design to include specifications for size, weight, power, maintenance, integration, cost and configuration. In Phase II several prototypes will be built and provided for testing and evaluation in realistic urban and rural environments to prove merit and feasibility over extended operating conditions.

TIBURON ASSOC., INC.
2111 Wilson Blvd, Suite 700
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-5464
Joseph D'Angelo
SOCOM 06-009      Awarded: 25JUL06
Title:Individual Cooling Equipment
Abstract:Develop an individual micro cooling system for ground mobility forces who are conducting mounted operations from armored High Mobility, Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWV); Ground Mobility Vehicles (modified HMMWV's); and the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) with no environmental conditioning systems. Similar systems are also required for dismounted soldiers and rack mounted electronics, radio and communication gear. The hot desert environment compounded by closed crew compartments, protective clothing which restricts body breathing, and heat dissipated from the electronics, make the situation for the crew particularly tenuous and difficult to function at peak performance.

PROGRESSIVE EXPERT CONSULTING, INC.
100 Madison Street, Suite 1905
Syracuse, NY 13202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 446-6160
Michael Feng
SOCOM 06-010      Awarded: 25JUL06
Title:Interactive Language Trainer
Abstract:US Special Operations Command has a requirement for effective language training to equip SOF soldiers, sailors and airmen when they are deployed to foreign countries. We propose to create a system which would combine a user-friendly game and real-time interaction with subject matter experts. End users will have a fun, engaging application and also have the chance to engage live langauge experts. This maximizes learning effectiveness with both static and dynamic content.

TACTICAL LANGUAGE TRAINING, LLC
13101 W. Washington Blvd #214
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 621-1639
Andre Valente
SOCOM 06-010      Awarded: 25JUL06
Title:Tactical Language and Culture Trainer
Abstract:We propose to develop a computer-based training system for foreign languages and cultures by leveraging our Tactical Language and Culture Training System. The system is designed to enable the majority of trainees to quickly achieve an Inter-agency Language Round Table (ILR) Proficiency Level of at least 0+/0+/0+ while focusing on the communication skills and cultural awareness necessary to carry out typical Special Force missions. Trainees develop and practice their skills in the context of interactive exercises and videogame-based scenarios. Research in this effort will leverage our existing technology and focus on four major directions: (a) support for written language as well as spoken language, in order to promote reading and writing skills, (b) improving and automating system maintenance, troubleshooting and updates, (c) support for use in a distance learning context, compatible with SCORM interoperability standards, and (d) new tools and components to improve system and content scalability.

VCOM3D, INC.
3452 Lake Lynda Dr., Suite 260
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 737-7309
Edward M. Sims
SOCOM 06-010      Awarded: 24JUL06
Title:Task-based Interactive Language and Culture Trainer
Abstract:For this Phase I SBIR project, we will identify promising, task-based instructional strategies for teaching foreign languages and cultures using authentic, interactive training vignettes. Using a standards-based framework for authoring and delivery, we will create proof-of-concept vignettes that place the learners in realistic situations in which they must try to elicit information from, or influence the behavior of, simulated characters that speak the target language and practice the culture of the region of interest. These vignettes will include student interaction through speech, text, navigation, and interaction with the environment. By conducting an evaluation of the proof-of-concept scenarios, we will develop a design baseline and estimates of cost and effectiveness for a Phase II development. We will also identify enhancements of instructional methodology and authoring tools required to improve training efficiency. For Phase II, we will use lessons learned from Phase I to develop a fully functional prototype course for training users to read, write, speak, and understand the selected language at a minimum of ILR level 0+/0+/0+ proficiency, and to retain at least 70% of cultural content taught.