DoD SBIR FY06.2 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - DARPA - SOCOM

---------- Army ----------

262 Phase I Selections from the 06.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Benjamin D. Werner
Army 06-001      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Autonomous Navigation and Obstacle Avoidance for Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles without Global Positioning System
Abstract:Toyon will develop an obstacle avoidance sensor and flight control system for small unmanned aerial vehicles or (SUAVs) and micro air vehicles (MAVs) operating in cluttered urban and indoor environments. The enabling component of this system is Toyon's Hybrid Fixed Inertial (HyFI) sensor suite. HyFI is a compact, lightweight, self-contained position sensor that incorporates inertial measurement, ultrasonic object tracking, and passive optical sensing. Toyon will develop a flight control algorithm that matches the HyFI sensor characteristics with the platform dynamics of a selected MAV. The flight performance of the HyFI-equipped MAV will be evaluated in a physical environment simulation.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Mr. Matthew Palmer
Army 06-002      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Optical Weight and Center of Gravity Measurement System
Abstract:Luna Innovations Incorporated is partnering with a major helicopter manufacturer to develop a Center-of-Gravity (C.G.) and Gross-Weight (G.W.) measurement system for Blackhawk Helicopters. The proposed optical fiber-based measurement system will enable real-time monitoring of the C.G. of the rotorcraft during loading and unloading in-flight. The system will provide input to the Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) as well as to the pilot and the autopilot systems enabling safer, more accurate flight control. The proposed system may also enable fly-by-wire for future upgrade of the helicopter, extending the flight envelope beyond the normal stability limits, improving performance and mission capability. Luna has a 15year history of strain sensing, instrumentation development, and thermal compensation. During Phase I Luna will develop a breadboard C.G. measurement system and demonstrate that the prototype system can accurately determine C.G. in the rotorcraft. The system will also be able to determine amplitude and orientation of load vectors of cargo attached to external hooks. Luna will develop sensor, cabling and instrumentation designs for compatibility with UH-60 components. Algorithms for C.G. and G.W. measurement will be developed with immunity to thermal effects. Phase II will optimize the system design, demonstrate durability, accuracy, resulting in a TRL5 readiness.

TREX ENTERPRISES CORP.
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 442-7042
Mr. Kevin Miyashiro
Army 06-003      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Integrated IR and Millimeter-Wave Sensor System
Abstract:This proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of a hybrid terrain and obstacle sensor consisting of a near-infrared (NIR) LIDAR and millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging RADAR. The proposed solution is meant to solve the current capability gap to provide manned and unmanned rotary wing vehicles reliable obstacle detection and avoidance cues during hover, landing, and low-elevation flight maneuvers. This capability gap is particularly acute when considerations such as rain, fog, and dust are present as visual obscurants for the pilots. Key highlights of the proposed architecture include: . Trex has completed the development of a proof-of-principal (TRL 4) millimeter-wave imaging radar capable of extracting azimuth, elevation, and range data through rain, fog, and dust . Fibertek has completed a phase II SBIR developing a NIR LIDAR for eye-safe, high-resolution extraction of azimuth, elevation, and range data as well as improved performance in the presence of dust and fog . The integrated hybrid system provides real-time data extraction of the surrounding environment with high resolution (LIDAR), all-weather medium resolution (RADAR), through dust (RADAR), and day/night operation (LIDAR, RADAR) capability . Nav3D brings specific domain knowledge regarding data requirements for their synthetic vision system

STARVISION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1700 Research Parkway Suite 170
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 458-1445
Mr. Brian Wood
Army 06-004      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:iDART: A System Solution to UAV Launch and Recovery on the Move
Abstract:The iDART concept has been conceived as a total system solution to launch and recovery of UAVs on the move. The robustness and accuracy of the cooperative vision based sensor for very high rate relative navigation updates makes this concept very attractive. An intelligent supervisory control architecture has been conceived to relieve the human operators of the tasks associated with UAV path planning, collision avoidance, docking and launch. The same architecture is being implemented for autonomous aerial refueling of small UAVs. The capture mechanisms and mounting structures will be further defined through the course of the Phase I effort but the initial concepts are based on experience with matching closing velocities for fixed-wing aircraft in slightly turbulent environments. A gyroscopically stabilized deployment structure can be employed to minimize the effects of rough roads and enhance the probability of capture success.

LOCUST, USA, INC.
8324 N.W. 74 Ave.
Miami, FL 33166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 691-9585
Mr. Robert Pierce
Army 06-005      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Innovative Small Engine Combustor Technology
Abstract:Advanced turboshaft engines will be required to support future Army Uninhabited Air Vehicles (UAVs) and Objective Force Systems such as the A160, UCAR, Future Combat System, and Future Utility Rotorcraft. These systems will spend significant time at cruise and as a result will require significantly improved part power engine performance. The intent of this program is to design and evaluate an inter-turbine burner that can significantly improve part power turboshaft engine performance. An innovative design is proposed that will potentially allow the size and weight of the burner reduced substantially. If sufficient gains can be realized, this technology would have potential application in main burners as well as inter-turbine burners and could improve overall engine power to weight ratio.

AIRFOILS, INC.
122 Rose Drive
Port Matilda, PA 16870
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 357-0500
Mr. Dan M. Somers
Army 06-006      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Low Reynolds Number, High-Lift Airfoil Design for VTOL UAVs
Abstract:A complementary, theoretical and experimental effort to design and verify high-lift, low pitching-moment airfoils for VTOL UAVs is proposed. In Phase I, an accurate, rapid, test capability will be validated over the range of Reynolds numbers from 50,000 to 500,000 by investigating the E 387 airfoil, the low Reynolds number calibration standard, in The Pennsylvania State University Low-Speed, Low-Turbulence Wind Tunnel. The E 387 airfoil exhibits almost all the pertinent phenomena over the Reynolds number range of interest, making it a sensitive test case, particularly with respect to turbulence effects, a key issue for VTOL UAVs. The section characteristics measured with transition free and fixed will be compared with results from other low-turbulence wind tunnels and with predictions from the Eppler and XFOIL/MSES codes. The initial specifications for the airfoils to be designed in Phase II will be defined in cooperation with U.S. Army personnel. In Phase II, the experimental results will be used to refine existing airfoil design and analysis methods and for CFD code validation. A set of airfoils will be tailored to VTOL UAV applications and experimentally verified. The slotted, natural-laminar-flow (SNLF) airfoil concept will be adapted to VTOL UAV applications.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Mr. Matthew Thomas
Army 06-008      Awarded: 17NOV06
Title:Integration of Advanced Inlet Particle Separator and Barrier Filtration Technologies for Turboshaft Engine Operation in Severe Sand Environments
Abstract:Continuing military operations in sand environments have created an immediate need for the integration of advanced inlet particle separator technology and low-pressure drop Z screen barrier filters. CFDRC has teamed with Rolls Royce Liberty Works (RRLW - developer of a highly efficient advanced IPS configuration) and Braden Manufacturing (world leader in industrial gas turbine inlet air treatment filtration) to optimize the integration of these two technologies into a single system. During Phase I multiple configurations, jointly conceived by CFDRC, RRLW and Braden, will be screened to determine the technical feasibility of a fully integrated inlet protection system. CFD modeling software package that has been rigorously validated with benchmark IPS and barrier filtration test data will be utilized to determine the technical feasibility of the integrated inlet protection system. This feasibility will include prediction of A2 fine grade test dust within a T-800 class engine installation. A half-scale assembly of the most promising integrated IPS configuration will be fabricated and tested for A2 fine grade sand collection efficiency. This data will be utilized to validate the Phase I simulation results. The ability of the integrated system to operate within an icing environment and tolerate foreign object damage (FOD) with minimal maintenance costs will be defined. The Option program will focus on continued half-scale testing and adapting barrier filter self cleaning operations associated with the AGT1500 (M1 gas turbine tank engine). Phase II will focus on full scale development and validation of the integrated system with RRLW, Braden Manufacturing and helicopter manufacturers.

SUKRA HELITEK, INC.
3146, Greenwood road
Ames, IA 50014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(515) 292-9646
Mr. Andrew M Hollingsworth
Army 06-009      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Rapid Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Methodology for Rotorcraft Maneuver Analysis
Abstract:The lack of proper estimation of air loads encountered during transient maneuvers introduces excessive design conservatism. This proposal offers to develop a computational tool, based on the lower order momentum source rotor model, capable of analyzing steady and transient maneuvers. This tool will be implicitly coupled with a government supplied comprehensive analysis code to resolve the kinematics of the complete aircraft. In Phase I, the momentum source method will be extended to predicting maneuvers loads and an overall strategy will be developed for implicit coupling of the comprehensive analysis code. While the main focus will be on single rotor and fuselage in Phase I, complete vehicles with multiple rotors will be initiated in Phase I Option to be completed in Phase II period. The strategy for the coupling between CFD and comprehensive analysis code developed in Phase I will be implemented and validated in Phase II. The entire system will be wrapped with a graphical user interface and will have pre-/post-processing tools integrated in the tool for ease of use.

MATERIALS RESOURCES INTERNATIONAL
811 W. Fifth Street, Unit 2
Lansdale, PA 19446
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 631-7111
Dr. Ronald W. Smith
Army 06-010      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Assembly of Ceramics/Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) Components
Abstract:MRi is proposing to investigate exothermic braze technology that will provide cost effective methods to join and attach ceramic composites to nickel base alloys and to themselves for fabricating CMC aircraft engine components. The initial application of this technology will be aimed at jet engine components for reliable, affordable high thrust to weight ratio jet engines that have been investigated under the VAATE programs. The engines developed under this program have been targeted to power the US Army's Joint Heavy Lift Transport. The proposed program is a technology demonstration effort aimed at developing joining technologies that utilize exothermic materials that upon ignition, react and generate over 3,000C locally, enough to fuse and react adjoining CMC or CMC:metal surfaces. MRi has teamed with Ohio Aerospace Institute (OAI) for their connection to the CMC joining work at NASA-Glenn Research Center and their capability to contribute to the proposed exothermic brazing technology. MRi is also teaming with Exotherm Corporation for their expertise in designing and manufacturing exothermic Phase I investigations would focus on design, analyzing and developing high energy density, refractory nano-phase braze mixtures and braze processes for joining melt infiltrated SiC:SiC to superalloys and also to SiC:SiC. Various exothermic material systems will be investigated and demonstrated on small scale flat SiC:SiC and superalloy coupons followed by metallographic evaluations and mechanical tests.

STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Dr. Jie Yao
Army 06-011      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Fiber-Optic Etalon Pressure Sensor System with High Thermal and Mechanical Stabilities for Rotor Blade
Abstract:Aerodynamics has important applications in high-performance military airplanes and helicopters, missiles and balloons. Despite the powerful computer simulations today, aerodynamic experiments and measurements are still needed for the input parameters to the simulation, for the final verification of results and routine monitoring of performance. One critical aerodynamic parameter is air pressure. Our proposed etalon pressure sensor has a few Pascals of pressure sensitivity and dynamic range from 0 atm to at least 2 atm thanks to its optical interferometer. The high thermal and mechanical stabilities qualify these sensors for high-temperature applications and field deployment. The pressure measurement system uses wireless optical communication with the rotary component under test. In Phase I of this program, we propose to demonstrate a bench-top system with several high-sensitivity etalon pressure sensors with high temperature and mechanical stability. In Phase II, we will develop the complete pressure sensor system using existing fiber optic components with monitoring and feedback control software. Throughout Phases I and II, we will collaborate with Doric Lenses, our supplier of high-stability etalon components, and work with Boeing to establish a working test, most likely on their rotor blades and aircraft turbine engines.

FLOW ANALYSIS, INC.
256 93rd Street
Brooklyn, NY 11209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(931) 454-9203
Dr. Yonghu Wenren
Army 06-012      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Wake-Capturing Methods for General and Heavy-Lift Rotorcraft Flow Analysis
Abstract:There is a very important aspect of rotorcraft aerodynamics that cannot now be computed, within engineering time constraints, with engineering methods now in use. This is the rotor wake, as well as the many aspects of its interaction with the rest of the rotorcraft. Unlike conventional aircraft, there are a very large number of flight regimes to be treated and during a rotorcraft design phase, a very large number of computations must be done, so that each computation must be done in a short time. The two main approaches currently used in aerodynamic computations: Conventional CFD and panel or vortex lattice methods are far away from being able to solve the general wake problem. However, there are basic ideas implicit in both that can lead to a fully satisfactory, efficient treatment of all important effects of the wake, in all fight regimes. We describe the features of each method that make it inadequate for the general problem, and the basic idea in each that can be used to make a new approach that will be effective. This approach is known as Vorticity Confinement. We then describe the sequence of tasks that will achieve these objectives.

MAYFLOWER COMMUNICATIONS CO., INC.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Mr. George Dimos
Army 06-014      Awarded: 30NOV06
Title:Low Elevation Nulling of Global Positioning System (GPS) Jammers for Ground-Based Platforms
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Army SBIR program objective to develop a cost-effective nulling antenna unit capable of nulling multiple low elevation GPS jammers for ground based platforms. The proposed Mayflower Low Elevation Antenna Nuller (M-LEAN) system consists of a circular array and a miniaturized AE module based on the Mayflower AJ ASIC chip set (Beacon RF ASIC and Vanguard Digital AJ ASIC) in an integrated assembly compatible with the Army program objectives of small size (27 cubic inches) and low cost ($1000). The Mayflower LEAN (M-LEAN) unit will be a stand-alone GPS AJ system (i.e. no requirement to modify the GPS receiver of the ground-based platform) which is capable of nulling multiple low-elevation jammers to a level in excess of 30 dB for broadband jamming and 40 dB for narrowband jamming. The Phase I study effort will analyze the feasibility of the proposed M-LEAN system to meet the Army program objectives by performing detailed antenna performance simulations along with the proposed antenna control algorithm and demonstrate its feasibility. The Phase II effort will leverage the government investment at Mayflower in the anti-jam ASICs for cost reduction, develop a form-fit antenna prototype, and implement and test the M-LEAN antenna electronics with Mayflower ASIC chip set to make it affordable. The Phase II effort will also demonstrate the performance and the cost savings of M-LEAN system for Army missions.

ZEGER-ABRAMS, INC.
1112 Clark Road
Glenside, PA 19038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 576-5566
Mr. Burton S. Abrams
Army 06-014      Awarded: 30NOV06
Title:Low Elevation Nulling of Global Positioning System (GPS) Jammers for Ground-Based Platforms
Abstract:This proposal addresses the testing and further development of a GPS low elevation jammer-nulling adaptive antenna system breadboard that was developed previously by ZA. The testing will determine its performance on ground-based platforms and the design modifications necessary for its cost-effective optimization.

RAM LABORATORIES, INC.
10525 Vista Sorrento Parkway, Suite 220
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 677-9207
Dr. Dean Mumme
Army 06-022      Awarded: 04DEC06
Title:Robust Anti-Tampering via Cooperative Agents, Oblivious Computation, and Self-Modifying Code
Abstract:The proposed effort shall design, implement, and investigate the effectiveness of improved techniques for anti-tampering application software. The anti-tamper techniques shall be designed to make it very difficult and costly to reverse engineer the software to discover how it operates. It must be presumed that the attacker is well funded (e.g. by a foreign government) and therefore sophisticated-having expertise of number theory, and other areas of computer science. The scope of the effort includes the design and implementation of cooperating software agents and sentinels that provide strong anti-tampering to an application. Their primary means of operation shall be live modification of application code during to provide dynamic obfuscation of application functionality. The effort shall produce: 1. A prototype that demonstrates the design, implementation, and operation of this AT methodology 2. Analysis of the techniques for robustness and execution overhead 3. Performance benchmarks The methodology to be presented focuses on the use of software agents / sentinels for implementing software applications that dynamically self-obfuscate themselves while simultaneously performing their intended functionality. The techniques are scalable (both upward and downward) in complexity so as to provide strong obfuscation even within the realm of real-time embedded applications.

MATERIALS SCIENCES CORP.
181 Gibraltar Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Mr. Richard Foedinger
Army 06-027      Awarded: 06DEC06
Title:Multi-functional Polymers for Composite Structures (MSC P6026)
Abstract:Filament wound composite structures employed in high performance tactical missile systems are susceptible to catastrophic failure from impact and thermal loading. The use of composite case technology provides some inherent advantages over metallic cases in that the pressure containment capability may be defeated prior to propellant ignition. While prior approaches to improving Insensitive Munitions (IM) performance have achieved some degree of success, this has usually been at the expense of additional weight, labor costs, poor processing characteristics or reduced structural integrity. The proposed research program involves the development and evaluation of carbon fiber reinforced composite motor case materials with multiwall nanotubes (MWNTs) dispersed in the resin matrix to achieve tailored thermal conductivity characteristics for enhanced Insensitive Munitions performance. The key technical challenges to be addressed under the proposed Phase I program will be to establish the optimal MWNT concentration, aspect ratio distribution and dispersion process conditions to achieve the thermal/electrical conductivity and mechanical performance goals without significantly altering the processing characteristics. Micromechanics-based analytical tools and process trials will provide important information on the influence of MWNT aspect ratio and concentration on thermal, electrical and mechanical properties.

WRIGHT MATERIALS RESEARCH CO.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Dr. Seng C. Tan
Army 06-029      Awarded: 07DEC06
Title:Nanocomposites with Superior EMI Shielding and Structural Properties for Kill Vehicle Housings
Abstract:Evolving threats in the world require that next generation missile defense systems meet the goals of better performance (improved accuracy and durability), lighter weight, and lower cost. In the late 1980s government agencies and numerous aerospace companies have realized that metals must be replaced by advanced composites to achieve the goals. Missile systems have used a great deal of beryllium because of its weight, stiffness, temperature stability, and electro-thermal properties. However, they have many problems that created a great need to replace this material. These include high cost, toxicity of manufacturing and machining, long lead time, and difficulty of machining. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has placed restrictions on beryllium. This triggers the impetus of developing nanocomposites or hybrid composites to replace missile components manufactured from beryllium for Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle (EKV), Multiple kill Vehicle (MKV), and Kinetic Energy Interceptor (KEI). In this SBIR Phase I project we propose to develop a combined conducting nano-micro composite system to meet the rigorous requirements (electronic and mechanical) of housings for missile applications. We will team up with Raytheon, Northrop Grumman, and Harris Corp. for the development and testing of the proposed nanocomposite missile housings. Preliminary research results are very encouraging.

ACCORD SOLUTIONS, INC.
3533 Albatross Street
San Diego, CA 92103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 495-0189
Dr. Lowell Smith
Army 06-030      Awarded: 05DEC05
Title:Anti-Tamper Active and Passive Sensors for Use Inside an Integrated Circuit
Abstract:The innovative in-chip sensor technology, integrated chip protection (ICP), proposed by Accord provides a new hardware design and production technique to delay reverse engineering and exploitation, denying an adversary information about the chip design. The target product is a device that secures integrated circuits from reverse engineering. Intrusive attacks, including minute modifications to a covering package, are detected by the proposed active sensing layer, which responds accordingly. Thus, the ICP anti-tamper technology provides very high sensitivity to physical tampering intrusion attacks. Integrated sensor and detection processing provides false alarm rejection and compensation for the environment's impact on the sensor. In addition, the innovation provides sensitive layers that can detect X-ray or other penetrating radiation that have impinged on the integrated circuit substrate and its package. If exposed to imaging levels of radiation during quiescence this detection layer enables secure circuit activation only if there has been no intrusion during the interim between powered missions.

SYSTRAN FEDERAL CORP.
4027 Colonel Glenn Highway, Suite 210
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Robert Gillen
Army 06-030      Awarded: 04DEC06
Title:AT Sensors for IC Use
Abstract:Systran Federal Corp. (SFC), along with our university research partners, proposes to develop active anti-tamper (AT) sensors for the purpose of protecting sensitive integrated circuits (ICs) and data from adversaries and reverse engineers. Several IC AT techniques currently exist, but are inadequate because of high cost, lack of effectiveness, difficulty in use, unreliability, and inability to work together in a single, multi-mode sensor. SFC will address these problems by both refining existing techniques and developing new techniques and schemes for putting these into practice. For example, our previously developed active AT circuit board coatings will be redesigned with IC protection as the goal. We will rely on our previous AT experience for near-term solutions, while exploring advanced long-term AT techniques using technologies such as MEMS, nanotechnology, and materials that can detect several types of intrusion.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3495
Dr. Scott Lenser
Army 06-037      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Mercator: Near Real Time Structure Mapping for Urban Combat
Abstract:As military operations in urban terrain become the predominant mode of combat in the 21st century, soldiers of the current force require a near real time mapping capability to enable them to rapidly acquire and disseminate 3D structural maps of buildings in the combat zone. In this proposal, the team of iRobot Corporation, MDA Inc., and Primordial Inc. will develop a rapidly-deployable sensor and 3D processing system which is lightweight, handheld or weapon-mounted, and which can be deployed on an unmanned system such as the iRobot PackBot mobile robot. The PackBot has been deployed in combat since 2003, exploring caves and bunker complexes in Afghanistan, assisting soldiers in clearing buildings during the invasion of Iraq, and performing daily counter-IED duty locating and disarming improvised explosive devices. This project will build upon iRobot's previous government-sponsored and independent research and development in the field of autonomous mapping (Wayfarer project), multi-vehicle coordination (Sentinel project), sensor integration, and autonomous behaviors such as self-righting and automatic stair-climbing. Combined with MDA's powerful, handheld 3D scene mapping and reconstruction system and the Primordial Soldier vision system software, the PackBot Mercator will demonstrate unparalleled capability in urban battlespace mapping and reconnaissance.

ROBOTIC RESEARCH LLC
814 W. Diamond Ave., Suite 301
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Mr. Charles Shoemaker
Army 06-037      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Urban Mapping and Positioning System (UMAPS)
Abstract:Urban areas present one of the most challenging combat environments for U.S. soldiers. One of the key problems in urban combat is situational awareness and knowledge of the terrain. Soldiers usually have no knowledge of building layouts and floorplans. More significantly, as this information is gained by visual observation by soldiers it is extremely difficult to share this data with squad members and other units. Robotic Research, LLC and Applied Robotics Technologies, LLC propose to develop a soldier-worn LADAR based system for mapping of internal building structures called the Urban Mapping And Positioning System (UMAPS). Using highly accurate LADAR and Applied Robotics Technologies' best in class Personal Dead-reckoning (PDR) System, UMAPS will provide superior accuracy that is critical for urban combat missions.

SYSTEMS & PROCESSES ENGINEERING CORP.(SPEC)
101 West Sixth Street, Suite 200
Austin, TX 78701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. Bradley Sallee
Army 06-037      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Urban Combat Structure Mapping (UCSM)
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes an Urban Combat Structure Mapping system (UCSM) which consists of a suite of sensors on an Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) that is interconnected via an encoded low bandwidth network to other members of the attack force. The network allows sharing of the maps, photos and soldiers positions by a robust multimode network. By using feature extraction of the UGV LADAR image, the bandwidth of the transmission can be managed by transmitting only extracted features. UV detectors on the UGV can discriminate small arms fire, rocket fire or explosions. The UV detector can discriminate small arms fire, rocket fire or explosions. The soldiers can then interrogate these indicated features to obtain fused sensor images of detected targets obtained by visible and LWIR images from the UGV.

TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
1845 Northwestern, Suite B
El Paso, TX 79912
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(915) 877-3366
Mr. Benjamin J. Tirabassi
Army 06-037      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Near Real Time Structure Mapping for Urban Combat
Abstract:Due to the change in the nature of security and armed conflict in urba areas, it has become an area of conflict that modern warfare must adapt to. In order to successfully patrol, secure and engage the enemy in urban terrain where unknown buildings and structures provide cover and vantage points over our Forces, we need to develop and deploy an advanced capability to improve situational awareness in these arenas while simultaneously minimize friendly force casualties. Significant to this research to solve this problem will be to the ability to equip the modern Soldier with the capability to cooperatively fuse data from both Ground and Aerial Systems to quickly map the internal structures of buildings and disseminate the information. This requires a need for structure mapping and visualization capability that can be quickly captured, processed, disseminated and viewed while keeping the Soldier out of the direct line of conflict. In this proposal, Technical Solutions, Inc. (TSI), with our academia partner the University of Florida Center for Intelligent Machines and Robotics (CIMAR), will address these challenges and outline the research, development and delivery schedule necessary to solve the urban structure mapping challenge and meet the 3-D presentation requirements.

ELECTRO ENERGY, MOBILE PRODUCTS, INC.
3820 S Hancock Expressway
Colorado Springs, CO 80911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 392-4266
Dr. Scott Preston
Army 06-038      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Low Cost, Improved Thermal Batteries
Abstract:MEPI has developed inexpensive continuous process manufacturing techniques for the production of thermal battery electrodes and separators. These cell components are flexible and as a result can be used to fabricate thermal batteries that have three-dimensional shapes. Electrodes using these techniques have been fabricated and have demonstrated performance superior to that of pressed pellet electrodes. MEPI electrodes require only the amount of material necessary for electrochemical performance, which means the thermal batteries are smaller and less expensive than standard thermal batteries. Using this novel approach for the fabrication of thermal battery electrodes and other cell components, this proposal outlines a 10 month research and development project for the design and fabrication of three dimensional conformal thermal batteries with improved manufacturing and performance characteristics.

US NANOCORP, INC.
74 Batterson Park Road
Farmington, CT 06032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 487-3838
Dr. Jinxiang Dai
Army 06-038      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Thin Film Thermal Batteries
Abstract:US Army seeks to develop thermal batteries that are lower in cost, improved in electrochemical performance, and can be made in three-dimensional shapes. Currently, thermal batteries are manufactured in low volume and not cost effective process. The major components, electrodes and electrolytes, are pressed pellets, which need extra thickness to avoid cracking and cannot be used for mass production. US Nanocorp, Inc. ("USN") proposes a new film fabrication technique to make the sandwich three layer cells to address Army's request for improvement on thermal battery production. In the new cell production techniques, anode film will be made via porous nickel thermal spray coating and loaded with Li-metal to form a Li-Ni (Fe) composite film with required solidity at thermal battery working temperature. Cathode and electrolyte/separator will be thermal sprayed serially on graphoil sheets and cut into required shape and size. The process is feasible for automation and mass production. Another advantage is that the proposed film/membrane can be cut to any shape and size without dimension limitation. This program is highly feasible with USN's extensive experience on materials and thin film coatings combined with Advanced Thermal Batteries, Inc ("ATB") thermal battery manufacture experience.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Dr. George Hansen
Army 06-040      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Innovative Thermal/Chemical Resistant Coating Material
Abstract:Munitions containment for storage and transport requires protection of the contents from prolonged exposure to heat, incendiaries and accidental ballistic fragments. Commercial, off-the-shelf thermal paints have demonstrated successful results in this regard when exposed to fast cook off at approximately 1500? F. However, other tests have indicated these coatings are incapable of surviving rough handling, such as the -65? F drop test, or decontamination after exposure to chemical agents. Therefore, it is a goal of the proposed work to develop a thermal barrier coating having a thermal conductivity no more than 0.1 W/m K, while providing chemical agent resistance and decontaminability. TRI/Austin has spent the past two man-years developing a number of fire retardant systems that can be readily incorporated into a variety coating resins. This work will involve judicious selection from these fire retardants for incorporation into a water-based resin for spray application. The resin will be chosen for its excellent adhesion to metal, resistance to chemical exposure, and its low temperature resilience to survive cold-temperature impact. In Phase I TRI/Austin will identify an optimal composition that can pass in-house screening tests and preliminary Army exposure tests. When selected for Phase II, this coating will be further developed for commercial production and qualification testing.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Alexander Naumov
Army 06-041      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Stabilized Laser Rangefinder Built into a Binocular
Abstract:To address the Army need for simultaneous accurate measurement of distance and imaging of targets, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Stabilized Laser rangefinder built into a Binocular (SLABIN) system with tilt compensation by a feedback loop. The SLABIN system is a fully integrated device that will accurately locate targets over long distances regardless of operator movement. The SLABIN system consists of a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) mirror, position sensitive detector (PSD), and miniature optics. SLABIN will be eye-safe, accurate, and compact, so a soldier calling in air strikes or artillery will have an extremely high hit probability, even at long distances despite jitter. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the SLABIN feasibility by fabricating and testing a prototype. In Phase II we plan to fabricate a miniature SLABIN, and test it to demonstrate proof-of-concept at an Army facility.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3047
Mr. Ivan Kirigin
Army 06-042      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:MISSR: Multi-Spectral Image Stabilization and Super Resolution for Unmanned Systems
Abstract:As unmanned systems become increasingly common in the modern battlespace and Homeland Defense application, the need for high-speed, real-time image processing is emerging as a key requirement to enable remote teleoperation and vehicle autonomy. In this project, iRobot will develop and implement a multi-spectral image stabilization and super resolution algorithm for use on the small processors commonly found on unmanned systems. This algorithm will enable the existing platform sensors to see farther, with more accuracy, and improve autonomous or semi-autonomous operation of the unmanned vehicle, as well as improving operator control during teleoperation.

TECHNEST HOLDINGS, INC.
One McKinley Square, Fifth Floor
Boston, MA 02109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 676-4560
Mr. David Tunnell
Army 06-042      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:High Speed Innovative Electronic Image Stabilization
Abstract:Since the tragic events of 9/11, video surveillance is rapidly becoming the foundation for securing all aspects of our society. From retail to government facilities, traffic lights to UAVs, video surveillance is at the forefront of our ability to secure property, borders, and nations. A major challenge of video surveillance is to increase the intelligence of the video remotely by extracting information of value at the sensor, information requiring potential action such as targets that represent a possible threat. The challenge to produce actionable information is only exacerbated when the camera is moving, as in the case of mobile applications such as UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles), UGVs (Unmanned Ground Vehicles), Armed Robot, and USVs (Unmanned Surface Vehicles). Technest proposes to leverage the current version of SolidVision on the SOS miniature processing platform to further develop the SolidVision algorithm to extend its capabilities to super-resolution and optimize the stablization/super-resolution algorithm for higher performance on miniature electronics. The result will be miniature image processor that can stabilize and provide super-resolution for multiple sensors.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Ching-Fang Lin
Army 06-043      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Intelligent Remotely Controlled Weapon Station with Automated Target Hand-off
Abstract:The objective of this project is to demonstrate an innovative Intelligent Remotely Controlled Weapon Station with automated target hand-off. The purpose of the Remotely Controlled Weapon Station is to get the gunner out of the turret where he is exposed to enemy fire and fragments, and position him inside the vehicle for protection. A Shooter Detection System is used with the Weapon Station which can determine the position of the shooter and hand off the target to the fire control system by reporting the shooter's position to the local Intelligent Remotely Controlled Weapon Station. This is an automated hand-off situation for an individual unit of the Intelligent Remotely Controlled Weapon Station with a Shooter Detection System. Furthermore, multiple units of the Intelligent Remotely Controlled Weapon Station with a Shooter Detection System can be networked by an RF data link and they can also be linked to the CDAS and/or other C3/C4 systems centers for battlefield awareness enhancements, decision aiding and coordinated fire control. The target acquired by a unit can be handed off to other units or C3/C4 systems centers. In this way a powerful distributed fire control system is established.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 618-1060
Mr. Ken Graves
Army 06-043      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Automated Target Hand-Off for Sensor to Shooter (ATHOSS)
Abstract:Unmanned Systems (UMS) will pervade the future force battlespace and work closely with humans in the joint targeting environment. The US Army ARDEC has developed the concept of a joint manned-unmanned system team (JMUST), for which target handoff between humans and UMS working together in a small team is of critical importance. Human to human, human to armed UMS, UMS to human, and UMS to UMS target handoff operations are all required in this concept. This is a ground-breaking program in terms of implementation of advanced concepts for human-UMS teaming in combat operations, but target handoff remains a manual operation. In order for JMUST to be successful, it must demonstrate fully automated, high speed target handoff between humans and UMS, and vice versa. CHI Systems will design, prototype, and demonstrate an ATHOSS prototype that can perform extremely fast automated target selection, weapon-target pairing, target handoff and sensor to shooter communications link selection. The goal is to perform target identification, target submission to a fires and effects network, weapon target pairing, shooter assignment, and establishment of the sensor to shooter communications link in less than 10 seconds. This component will be portable for use in multiple future force targeting software architectures.

TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
1845 Northwestern, Suite B
El Paso, TX 79912
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(915) 877-3366
Mr. Benjamin Tirabassi
Army 06-043      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Automated Target Hand-Off for Future Force Operations
Abstract:Deploying a world wide force that is strategically responsive and dominant at every point on the spectrum of conflict involves the cooperative system development and use of advanced technologies that yield revolutionary capabilities to support the war-fighters needs. One of the advanced concepts being developed and deployed to our Future Forces is the ability to remotely locate, track and predict the movement of enemy targets on the battlefield using unmanned sensor systems and advanced tracking algorithms. This research proposes to advance these technologies and take them one step further by automating the hand-off of these tracked targets to the Unit of Action (UA) that provides fire support for the unit. Future Forces will possess a wide range of organic and highly deployable fire support systems than can deliver advanced and fused fire support effects out to operational distances. Capabilities outlined in this proposed work will allow our Forces to harness the balance of these Fire Support Assets. This will ensure mission success, improve Situational Awareness, and greatly increase the Soldiers lethality and survivability. These capabilities will support the unit's success of early entry, forced entry, shaping decisive offense/defense, and SASO operations.

STEP TOOLS, INC.
14 First Street
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 687-2848
Dr. David Loffredo
Army 06-044      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Innovative Computer-Aided Manufacturing
Abstract:CAM to CAM data exchange is highly desirable as a way to make manufacturing operations more flexible. Today, many enterprises have only one brand of CAM system. This makes sub-contracting work between enterprises difficult, and manufacturing processes fragile because a part cannot be made if anything is wrong with the systems used to produce and process the CNC data. Many enterprises have implemented CAD to CAD data exchange, but CAM to CAM data exchange is more difficult because of the large range of data that has to be exchanged. In this program STEP Tools, Inc will use recently developed new technology to implement reliable CAM to CAM data exchange. In Phase I the technology will be demonstrated by round-tripping an Army data set between Pro/Engineer and Mastercam. In the Phase I Option STEP Tools will apply the technology to the data of a second enterprise. In Phase II STEP Tools will implement a robust reliable system for CAM data exchange that can be marketed to industry and the DoD in Phase III.

THIRD WAVE SYSTEMS, INC.
7900 West 78th St., Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55439
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 832-5515
Dr. David A. Stephenson
Army 06-044      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Innovative Computer-Aided Manufacturing
Abstract:Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) part programs generated by different CAD/CAM software packages are incompatible, which can lead to significant delay and increased engineering and programming labor cost if programs generated at one facility are used at another facility with a different CAD/CAM package. In the proposed research, software algorithms will be developed to convert controller-specific part programs (G-code) into a neutral format which can be edited by any CAD/CAM package. In Phase I, the technology will be demonstrated for a simple 3-axis milled part. An initial part program will be converted to a neutral CL format, edited using Pro-Manufacture, and post-processed to generate a modified part program, which will be verified by cutting sample parts on a machining center. The algorithms will be embedded in Third Wave Systems AdvantEdgeT Production Module tool path analysis program, so that the part program can be analyzed and modified to level forces and reduce cycle time as part of the conversion process.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Steven Adler-Golden
Army 06-045      Awarded: 01NOV06
Title:Fast Automatic Targeting Algorithms for Hyperspectral Sensors
Abstract:"Smart" and precision-guided Army weapons systems are being developed that use infrared (IR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensors for target detection and classification. Both the long-wavelength IR and mid-wavelength IR regions provide day/night, all-weather capabilities and discrimination based on thermal and emissivity contrast. New efficient and fast algorithms are needed to process the image signals rapidly enough for weapons targeting. A major challenge is that the IR spectral signature of a given object varies with surface temperature, orientation, sensor range sensor, and atmospheric conditions, forming a multidimensional subspace. Rapid targeting requires the ability to distinguish spectra in this subspace from other, non-target spectra selectively and rapidly (much faster than by using look-up tables). Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) hereby proposes to develop a novel IR HSI data processing system suitable for real-time weapons targeting. A combination of subspace compression and constrained fitting algorithms will yield both high speed and high target selectivity. A hybrid approach that merges measurements with first-principles simulations will be used to generate test imagery containing realistic spectral-spatial properties. The results from Phase I will be used to define algorithms to be implemented in Phase II real-time processing hardware.

ERIGO TECHNOLOGIES LLC
P.O. Box 899
Enfield, NH 03748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 632-4156
Dr. Nabil Elkouh
Army 06-046      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Plasma Stabilization and Control of Titanium Welding
Abstract:The welding of titanium is of rapidly increasing importance to the Army, and this trend will accelerate as low-cost titanium becomes available. To facilitate the use of titanium in a growing set of applications, a rapid, reliable, and inexpensive joining process must be established. Gas metal arc welding is a highly desireable joining method because of high production rates and relatively low costs. However, the use of the gas metal arc welding process for the welding of titanium alloys has been principally limited by arc instability. Pulsed gas metal arc welding offers the possibility of successfully addressing arc instability, but much development work remains to optimize this process for widespread use. On this project, we will develop an innovative control system to stabilize and control the plasma in pulsed gas metal arc welding of titanium.

TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT CO., INC.
2500 Louisiana NE, Suite 300
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 412-3598
Dr. Vivek R. Dave
Army 06-046      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Novel Plasma Stabilization and Control of Titanium Welding Processes
Abstract:Current commercially available systems for pulsed gas metal arc welding (GMAW-P) monitor electrical characteristics of the arc and attempt to compensate for process deviations by pulsing current at a constant frequency. For highly critical GMAW-P applications in challenging materials like titanium, the present approach cannot simultaneously control arc stability, bead shape, and weld metallurgy. Furthermore, the systems available today cannot preclude the occurrence of instabilities over certain ranges of travel speed and arc voltage. We propose a multi-sensor, multi-objective sensing and adaptive control method that senses arc electrical characteristics, the dynamics of individual droplets in the GMAW process, and the dynamics of the weld pool. We utilize reconfigurable, intelligent phase locked loop technology in conjunction with very high speed data acquisition, non-imaging optical weld pool sensors, and fuzzy logic controllers to achieve a comprehensive control solution that addresses the shortcomings of currently available systems. Such a system will allow for the first time multi-objective control of arc stability, bead shape, and weld metallurgy.

ERIGO TECHNOLOGIES LLC
P.O. Box 899
Enfield, NH 03748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 632-4156
Dr. Nabil Elkouh
Army 06-047      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Innovative Hardware-Based Chip Control Tool Holder
Abstract:The formation of continuous chips during metal fabrication adversely affects production times, worker safety, and production costs. The Army's ever increasing need for greater mobility and lethality demand greater precision in the machining of traditionally hard-to-machine materials, while balancing cost. Erigo Technologies LLC proposes to develop a replacement tool holder for lathes that will improve machined part precision and quality, eliminate large continuous chips, enable higher cutting speeds, and reduce tool wear. In Phase I we will design, build, and test a replacement for a standard tool holder. These results will allow for the development of a prototype system in Phase II that will be rigorously tested in a production setting.

PROPAGATION RESEARCH ASSOC.
1220 Kennestone Circle, Suite E
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 795-8181
Dr. Jim Stagliano
Army 06-048      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Precision Pulse Positioning System Applied to Low-Cost Position and Orientation
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes to enhance the Precision Pulse Positioning System (3PS) that was developed on previous SBIR contracts to produce a solution for position and orientation of battlefield platforms. The Precision Pulse Positioning System (3PS) technology will provide precise near-instantaneous position estimates of a platform and the PRA Polarimeter technology will permit the near-instantaneous measurement of polarization that can easily be mounted on the platform body. The combination of these two innovative technologies enables an effective approach to provide self-determination of the position and orientation of deployed battlefield platforms. The primary objective of 3PS enhanced with orientation is the performance improvement or elimination of inertial sensors on specific platforms. The multi-function capability of 3PS with orientation allows the technology to have application to numerous Army mission areas. 3PS with orientation provides an infrastructure for positioning and orientation needs that is independent of the specific operational event and, as such, can be applied to many types of ground and airborne platforms.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Mr. Richard Murray
Army 06-049      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Novel Miniature Inertial Igniters for Thermal Batteries
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of a number of classes of novel miniature inertial igniter concepts for thermal batteries that are particularly suitable for gun-fired munitions and mortars. A systematic method is developed for determining the performance of the miniature inertial igniter concepts to all no-fire acceleration profiles, including those due to accidental drops, transportation and handling, as well as to the acceleration profiles defined for achieving ignition. Issues related to the integration of the proposed novel miniature inertial igniters into thermal battery housing as well as high G hardening are addressed. The project involves extensive kinematics, dynamics and finite element modeling of the miniature inertial igniter concepts, as well as their various components to determine their dynamic response to various environmental inputs such as accidental drops and firing accelerations profiles to satisfy the indicated safety and activation requirements. The proposed miniature inertia based igniters for thermal batteries should satisfy the need for the development of low cost, safe, small and low power thermal batteries, particularly for fuzing applications.

TANNER RESEARCH, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Dr. Amish Desai
Army 06-049      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Micro-Scale Inertial Igniter for Miniature Thermal Battery
Abstract:Tanner Research, Inc. proposes to implement in Phase I a TRL-5 micro-scale inertial igniter suitable for gun-launched activation of miniature thermal batteries. Tanner's inertial device uses MEMS-based S&A functionality to close a hypergolic switch and initiate a pyrotechnic to heat and liquefy molten-salt electrolyte activating a miniature thermal battery. Tanner's inertial component is multifunctional and designed to meet very tight (e.g., 1000-to-1500 "g" for 5 msec), or very loose (e.g., 1000-to-50,000 "g" for 5 msec) gun-launch setback environments. Similarly, the device is designed to survive a 7-to-40 foot drop onto concrete (e.g., 1000 "g" BUT only lasting less than 1 msec) without tripping the hypergolic switch. This unique functionality comes from an innovative built-in micro-channel compressibility feature. Therefore, to survive the drop test, the design cannot be vacuum-sealed. However, the inertial igniter must ultimately survive a 20-year shelf life requirement so Tanner will determine in Phase II which inert gas will not react unfavorably with the thermal battery electrolyte to be used.

ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC.
4415 Euclid Avenue, Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Mr. Mehul Patel
Army 06-050      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Novel Actuators for Active Aerodynamic Control of Gun Fired Munitions
Abstract:Orbital Research Inc. proposes to develop a Low-Cost Miniature Control Actuator System (MCAS) for active aerodynamic control of gun-fired munitions. The proposed MCAS will employ active flow-control actuators to decrease dispersion and enhance end-game maneuverability of Army's current projectile systems. In recent years, Orbital Research has developed state-of-the-art actuators such as deployable control devices (miniature strakes/spoilers/flaps), plasma actuators, and active-vents for innovative flow-control applications. In this program, we propose to leverage our AFC actuator technologies and use an innovative flow tailoring approach to demonstrate the feasibility of a low-cost MCAS on a representative projectile using a combination of CFD and wind tunnel experiments, and 6-DOF flight simulations. Phase II will include high-speed wind tunnel tests, advanced flight simulations, g-hardening, and rail/air-gun tests of the most promising actuator design, leading to a full-scale prototype design of a fully-functional MCAS.

SURFACE OPTICS CORP.
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(909) 985-3555
Mr. William F. Mundkowsky
Army 06-051      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Infrared Hyperspectral Linear Array Sensor
Abstract:The objective of this U.S. Army Armament RD&E Center (ARDEC) Phase I SBIR proposal is to "Develop a new, rugged, low cost, low power, and preferably uncooled hyperspectral infrared sensor that can be implemented into various munitions in order to detect and negate targets more effectively." The Surface Optics Corporation (SOC) team is currently developing a novel hyperspectral imaging (HSI) camera approach which will result in a moderate-cost, rugged HSI sensor with no moving parts, good spatial resolution, high frame rate, and overcomes the warm optics problems of other 8 to 12 micron hyperspectral imagers. The prototype LWIR HyperSensor will be designed to support the top and frontal attack of threat vehicles with a smart HSI sensor guided and activated munitions to be deployed on various ground or airborne platforms. The proposed sensor concept provides the potential for real-time detection and identification of various threat vehicles based upon their 3 to 5 and 8 to 12 micron spectral and spatial signatures.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Dr. Michael J. Roemer
Army 06-052      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Collaborative Engagement with Unmanned Systems
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC in collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technology and its industrial partners, Honeywell Laboratories and General Dynamics, is proposing to investigate and develop an integrated framework for collaboration among Autonomous Unmanned Systems (UMS), in which multiple UMS collaborate to engage one or more targets, autonomously. Building upon the extensive experience of this research team with UMS autonomous urban operations, we will develop, test and evaluate enabling technologies such as: intelligent agents, autonomous intelligent control architectures, mixed-initiative planning techniques, open control platforms, and hardware/software means to implement the algorithms in real-time. We will take advantage of data provided through the HURT and other DARPA programs to test and evaluate the proposed architecture. Impact will draft an aggressive productization and commercialization plan to transfer these technologies to the military and other sectors.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3292
Dr. Osa Fitch
Army 06-052      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Collaborative Engagement with Unmanned Systems
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop a collaborative engagement tool for mission planning and task allocation for the command and control of autonomous unmanned vehicles. The primary project objective is to design a real-time, automated software tool that collaborates and allocates tasks for multiple unmanned vehicles to engage a target on real military systems. At the successful completion of Phase I of this project, we will have identified primary constraints to the development of a real-time collaborative engagement system and developed a software tool design and architecture framework that performs the collaborative engagement among heterogeneous unmanned vehicles and the human supervisor.

PERCEPTEK
12395 North Mead Way
Littleton, CO 80125
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 344-1034
Mr. Chuck Carpenter
Army 06-052      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Collaborative Engagement with Unmanned Systems
Abstract:With the development and fielding of small, inexpensive Unmanned Systems (UMS), the potential to significantly enhance battle space awareness and act as a force multiplier is available. However, the current operational control paradigm for UMS platforms that relies on teleoperation or simple waypoint tasking requires excessive operator involvement. A more effective control paradigm is the application of high-order mission tasking through a system architecture that supports autonomous UMS tasking based on platform capabilities, intelligent mission management based on operational parameters, and automated target detection, tracking, and engagement. This paradigm frees the operator from the low-level platform operations and shifts the operational focus to higher order tasks. This SBIR will migrate the Autonomous Collaborative Operations (ACO) program architecture onto the Class I CyberBug UAV developed by Cyber Defense Systems. A single operator will interact with multiple UMS at a tactical level to perform collaborative engagement through an ARDEC supplied fire support architecture. During CEUS Phase I we will use the ACO simulation environment to demonstrate the overall CONOPS and applicability to class I fixed wing assets. In addition we will conduct a demonstration with the Cyber Defense Systems Cyberbug UAV to prove key elements of the design.

PROCERUS TECHNOLOGIES LC
452 South 950 East
Orem, UT 84097
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 437-0178
Mr. Josh Hintze
Army 06-052      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Collaborative Engagement with Unmanned Systems
Abstract:Procerus Technologies and Renaissance Sciences Corporation propose an agent-based, collaborative control method for heterogeneous platoons of two or more unmanned systems (UMS). The hierarchical control system will enable platoons to autonomously operate for extended time periods and collaboratively engage designated targets. The system hierarchy includes subsystems for tasks with increasing complexity: local automatic control of individual UMS; decentralized and cooperative control for forming loose or tight platoons; path planning and trajectory tracking for the platoon; obstacle avoidance; and mixed initiative planning. After designating a potential target and selects a platoon, the human operator can support the control system with mixed-initiative planning. The developed algorithms will be implemented and demonstrated with a software simulation with two or more of Procerus proven Kestrel autopilots and a ground station in the loop. The demonstrated mission thread consists of acquisition and geo-location of a target designated and verified by a user, transmission of a spot call for fire message to an effects node, and tasking of an available asset to deliver required effects on target and follow-on battle damage assessment.

ARCHANGEL SYSTEMS, INC.
1635 Pumphrey Ave.
Auburn, AL 36832
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 826-8008
Dr. Michael Greene
Army 06-053      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:A Fuzzy Integrated Navigation System (FINS)
Abstract:A Fuzzy Integrated Navigation System (FINS) is proposed consisting of a GPS, Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and Magnetic Sensing Unit (MSU). In addition to the traditional Inertial Navigation System composed of a tightly coupled GPS-IMU, a tightly coupled MSU-IMU is added along with Fuzzy Logic Adaptive Signal Processing (FLASPT) to process and blend all information. This creates a system which can sustain accuracies even in the face of GPS outages.

TOUCHSTONE RESEARCH LABORATORY, LTD.
The Millennium Centre, R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
Dr. G.S. Murty
Army 06-054      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Intermetallic Reinforced Magnesium Composite
Abstract:Magnesium (Mg) matrix composites are attractive for various structural applications due to their excellent specific properties. The proposed work involves developing a new type of Mg matrix composite with intermetallic particulate reinforcement that is produced by standard rapid solidification and powder metallurgy processing. The uniqueness of this type of composite lies in the compatibility between the metal matrix and the intermetallic phase. As a result, the mechanical properties are expected to be superior to other composites with ceramic particulates. The objectives of this work are to develop a feasible processing route for this new composite material and to demonstrate mechanical properties that meet or exceed the properties of AA6060-T651 alloy. The Phase I Option effort will be directed towards producing tubular sections of these composites as a further demonstration of the process capability for this new composite system. The efforts of Phase I and the Phase I Option periods will thus demonstrate the feasibility of manufacturing a magnesium composite bipod leg using Touchstone's technology of intermetallic reinforced particulate composites.

MATSYS, INC.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Dr. Tony Zahrah
Army 06-055      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:High Temperature Sensor for Consolidation of Refractory Metals and Alloys
Abstract:Materials and Manufacturing Systems, Inc. (MATSYS) proposes to develop a high temperature sensor for in situ monitoring and control of consolidation of refractory metals and alloys, especially nanostructured materials. This effort will build on our unique expertise in high temperature eddy current sensing during Hot Isostatic Pressing to design and demonstrate a new generation of high temperature eddy current sensors for consolidation of temperature-sensitive materials. To date the maximum temperature reached with in situ sensor monitoring is about 1200C. A current unsolved challenge is the consolidation of tungsten and other refractory metal powders, including nanostructured material, that require a maximum temperature above 1200C for full consolidation. During this proposed project, we will design and fabricate a high temperature sensor using high grade binderless boron nitride and platinum-based wire and associated instrumentation and software that will operate up to a temperature of at least 1650C. The sensor will be hardened to withstand multiple cycles up to maximum temperature and be applicable to a wide range of materials. Upon successful demonstration, this sensor technology can be easily applied to different refractory powders and will be used to characterize the behavior of this new class of nanostructured materials of interest to the Army.

SOFTWARE & ENGINEERING ASSOC., INC.
1802 N. Carson Street, Suite 200
Carson City, NV 89701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 882-1966
Mr. Stuart S. Dunn
Army 06-056      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Innovative Predictive Model for Determining Bore Erosion
Abstract:New requirements for modern gun systems have greatly increased the propellant flame temperature and reactivity of the combustion products. As a result, thermochemical erosion can greatly reduced the service life of the gun tubes in these systems. Coatings, liners, additives, and deterred propellants have been used to mitigate erosion, with mixed results. In order to design a new gun tube which resists excessive wear, a thorough understanding of the mechanisms contributing to thermochemical erosion is necessary. Although many of the tools required to calculate thermochemical erosion have been developed under previous studies, these existing models need to be extended to increase their applicability for new gun systems and the results merged into the current Thermo-Chemical Erosion Program (TCEP). This new program development will result in a computer code that melds modern computational modeling with all the prior knowledge of thermochemical erosion. The resulting code will allow designers to parametrically evaluate and compare erosion performance resulting from various combinations of propellants, materials, and wear-reduction technologies. This screening tool will allow the designer to concentrate on the most promising wear resistant technology, rather than waste time, resources, and money on a hit and miss approach.

EVIDENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
216 River Street, Suite 200
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 720-3061
Dr. Jennifer Gillies
Army 06-057      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:NIR Quantum Dot-Dye Complexes Exhibiting Multiple Exciton Generation and Forster Energy Transfer for High Efficiency Photo Voltaics
Abstract:The Evident Technologies/Konarka Technologies team aims to develop quantum dot/dye complexes comprising near infrared bandgap PbS and CIGS quantum dots enveloped in novel dyes. The dyes will be designed to accept energy derived from photoexcited excitons within the quantum dots via a Forster energy transfer process. Do date, quantum dot based solar cells rely on inefficient tunneling processes that transport photoexcited charge carriers out of the quantum dot and into the surrounding polymer or electrolyte. Using the efficient Forster energy transfer phenomenon, individual charge carrier never leave the quantum dot, rather excitons recombine within the quantum dot and result in the creation of exciton within the dye molecules bound to the quantum dot surface. Additionally, "blue" and ultraviolet portions of the solar spectrum are more than twice the bandgap of the near infrared quantum dots. Recent experiments have demonstrated multiple exciton generation via an inverse Auger process that is exhibited when quantum dots absorb light having twice the energy as their bandgap. By harnessing this process, in addition to the novel forster energy transfer process, energy loss associated with charge carrier thermalization that occurs in conventional single junction solar cells can be averted.

INNOSENSE LLC
2531 West 237th Street, Suite 127
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-2011
Dr. Maksudul Alam
Army 06-057      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:EFFICIENT PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS BASED ON CHEMICALLY MODIFIED TITANIUM DIOXIDE AND HIGHLY ORDERED CdSe QUANTUM DOTS
Abstract:The U.S. Army has placed a strong emphasis to improve the efficiency and durability of photovoltaic (PV) cells with reduced cost of manufacturing. Current single-crystal technology can cost over $300/W at the array level and weigh more than 1kg/m2. A key challenge is to increase the solar to electrical conversion efficiency in quantum dot-based PV cells from the current state (~5%) to efficiencies exceeding 15-30%. The Principal Investigator has substantial expertise in developing layered nanostructure for photovoltaic cells. Our institutional partner is an eminent researcher in developing microwave-assisted, highly ordered nanocrystalline quantum dots for photovoltaic applications. By combining these complementary expertises, InnoSense LLC (ISL) will design, develop and demonstrate quantum dot-based photovoltaic (PV) cells to support the Army mission. The Phase I project will demonstrate feasibility of low-cost manufacturing of such solar cells. The Phase II project will develop prototype solar cells and deliver them to the Army for additional evaluation. For inserting this technology into the Army procurement system, ISL has received a strong endorsement letter from a Los Angeles Corporation that is a joint venture of a leading manufacturer of photovoltaic panels.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Dr. Keith Higginson
Army 06-057      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Quantum Dot Photovoltaics(1000-923)
Abstract:All aspects of the armed forces require energy. Portable, renewable energy sources can help reduce the weight and size of both manned and autonomous systems. For example, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), Intelligent Munition Systems, and even soldier systems can all benefit from utilization of advanced, high efficiency, renewable power sources. Advanced photovoltaic systems (PV) are a clean and abundant energy source for portable power. The traditional drawback of PV is the low efficiency of conversion seen with traditional materials. Triton Systems, Inc. proposes to develop and innovative PV system utilizing Quantum Dot semiconductor materials to increase the quantum yield of the PV. The quantum dots will allow tuning of the PV band-gap, thus allow greater spectral absorption and conversion. In addition, quantum-dot-based systems allow for multiple electron generation from higher-energy photons. In Phase II, Triton will continue the development of the PV system to produce PVs with efficiencies between 15 - 30% over areas on the order of 4" X 4" area.

NEMS/MEMS WORKS,LLC.
204 Engineering Building North, Missouri Innovatio
Columbia, MO 65211
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 356-9459
Dr. Keshab Gangopadhyay
Army 06-058      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Synthesis of Nano Composite Super Thermites with Tunable Energy Release
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing novel nanoenergetic composites composed of nanoengineered thermites (mainly, copper oxide, iron oxide and Al-nanoparticles) together with other additives. The synthesis of these composites will be achieved by surfactant templating and self-assembly processes. We propose a process that will result in gram quantities of these quantities in the form of copper oxide nanorods and nanowells in Phase I. We also propose to reduce the ESD sensitivity of Al nanoparticles. Our method will deliver nanoenergetic materials with tunable characteristics such as burn rate velocity, pressure and temperature for various applications. We plan to scale-up kilogram quantities of these composites in Phase II and Phase III with guidance of US Army ARDEC, Picatinny and help from other collaborators. The novel nanoenergetic composites will have promising military applications as green primers, low energy ignition, propellants and explosives as well as many civilian applications as various MEMS devices ( shock wave generators, microthrusters etc.), medical applications and oil exploration.

VESTA SCIENCES, INC.
11575 Sorrento Valley Road, Suite 213
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 231-0931
Dr. Shanthi Subramanian
Army 06-058      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Synthesis of Nano Composite Super Thermites with Tunable Energy Release
Abstract:Energetic materials that store energy chemically are used as green primers or additives to propellants and explosives in military applications. Nanometer scale materials are of interest for energetic applications because their small particle size leads to enhanced burn rates and energy released, so the properties can be tuned. It is proposed to develop nano composite super thermites with tunable energy release using a high surface area particulate form of silicon that exhibits high reactivity with strong oxidizers. Metal oxide incorporation into this material by sol-gel methods will be investigated and the rates of reaction and energy released will be determined.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 542-1400
Dr. Floyd Glenn
Army 06-059      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Virtual Environments for Soldier Training via Editable Demonstrations (VESTED)
Abstract:Army needs for improved skill training capabilities, especially through use of virtual environments (VEs), has given rise to the need for a versatile facility for creation of VE demonstrations of Army skills along with empirical research to prescribe appropriate, effective uses of this type of skill demonstration facility. Such a facility and supporting research is proposed in a program designated as Virtual Environments for Soldier Training via Editable Demonstrations (VESTED). VESTED will provide software tools for authoring VE demonstrations, including representations of both the physical environment and animated human characters, and also a systematic research program to determine how best to use this facility in order to best achieve Army skill training objectives, focusing initially on tasks involved in MOUT building clearing operations. Key issues to be addressed in the research to guide demonstration authoring and use include what perspectives to include in demonstration displays, whether to use demonstrations of common errors, whether and how to employ distortions in time scale, and how to handle decision points. Major software components of VESTED will be adapted from the existing VECTOR system for authoring of interactive VE training. An evaluation plan will address training effectiveness, authoring usability, and cost-effectiveness of use.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Dr. Sowmya Ramachandran
Army 06-059      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:RADIX: Rapid Authoring of Demonstrations for Infantry eXperience
Abstract:Military operations in urban terrain (MOUT) are posing unprecedented training challenges for small infantry units. We propose to build RADIX: Rapid Authoring of Demonstrations for Infantry Experience. We will lay the foundations for this work by conducting a survey of literature on demonstrations as an instructional strategy, and synthesize the results into instructional guidelines for Army training tasks with the aid of our subject matter expert. Stottler Henke Associates' extensive experience in training will provide a basis for decisions on the employment of Virtual Reality, SAF, commercial game technology and other technology as appropriate. The resulting system architecture design will support rapid authoring of scenarios, software- and user-driven agents, playback from a variety of points of view, and rapid constructions of visual demonstrations.

PERCEPTRONICS SOLUTIONS, INC.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 461-9150
Dr. Amos Freedy
Army 06-060      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Optimizing Team Composition Using Modeling and Multi Agent System Technology
Abstract:Perceptronics Solutions, Inc. and the USC Computer Science Department, joined by consultants Dr. Eduardo Salas of the UCF Institute of Simulation Technology and Dr. Marvin Cohen of Cog-Tech, Inc, are pleased to present this proposal to develop an adaptive system that will automatically form and adaptively improve `optimal teams' using behavioral data available from standard sources and brief questionnaires. The optimal teams will be formed to attack immediate problems of the parent organization and/or to address its long-duration missions. In other words, we will develop an automated system capable of: (1) Selecting new members to join an already formed problem or mission oriented team; (2) Composing an entirely new team to address a range of problem and/or missions; (3) Continually adapting the team composition in response to changes in the problem environment or in the team optimization conditions. We will focus our Phase I efforts on automatically adding members to an existing problem-oriented team in a dynamic military organization. This approach: (1) directly addresses the military application, which has high priority; and (2) will hold for less demanding applications such as more static military and non-military organizations, including companies, universities, etc.

THE GROUP FOR ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, INC.
727 Waldens Pond Road
Albany, NY 12203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 456-7738
Dr. Scott Tannenbaum
Army 06-060      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Team Composition Optimization: The Team Optimal Profile System (TOPS)
Abstract:As Army missions become more complex and diverse, the assignment of personnel to mission and staff teams has become more critical and challenging. Research and tools are needed to help commanders assign personnel to ensure optimal performance. The proposed effort will extend beyond existing staffing approaches to develop a more sophisticated staffing model that incorporates the influence of members' KSAOs, team dynamics, and mission requirements to optimize team staffing decisions. Based on team composition research and using input from team staffing experts, we will develop an optimization algorithm to aid commanders in making personnel replacement decisions and provide a storyboard prototype of a Team Optimization Profile System tool. An option task will demonstrate the use of this algorithm within a specific domain (e.g., Special Forces). Future phases of the proposed work will include empirical validation of the optimization algorithm, increased use of computational modeling, and enhancements to ensure the tool is easy to use in field settings.

VERSATILIS LLC
488 Ridgefield Rd
Shelburne, VT 05482
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 380-4763
Mr. Ajay Jain
Army 06-061      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Flexible Electronics for Rugged, Low Power Army Systems
Abstract:Performance of current amorphous (A-Si) and even polycrystalline (Poly-Si) silicon thin film transistors (TFTs) made with low temperature processes (<200C) on flexible polymer substrates cannot meet requirements for applications such as AM backplanes for flexible displays or other flexible electronics in rugged, low cost Army systems of the future. While A-Si and Poly-Si TFTs can be successfully processed > 300C on rigid glass or metal foil substrates with acceptable performance and yield, this is too high for traditional plastic substrates. Versatilis proposes to show high performing top gate based TFTs made of Zinc Oxide (ZnO) as an alternate semiconductor material, and made directly on a flexible polymer sheet at < 200C. Such TFTs will be further patterned to <2μ features for high switching speeds using a novel multiwavelength photolithographic technique that will obviate sequential masking steps and fully eliminate registration and alignment challenges in working with flexible polymer substrates, and which will be compatible with a future R2R manufacturing paradigm for very low cost flexible electronics. Proposer will partner with the Display Research Lab at Lehigh University and adapt existing designs and techniques for Silicon based TFTs on metal foils to ZnO based TFTs on plastic.

ACULIGHT CORP.
11805 North Creek Parkway S., Suite 113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Fabio Di Teodoro
Army 06-062      Awarded: 16NOV06
Title:Man-portable Ultrafast Fiber Laser for Remote Sensing of Chemical, Biological, and Explosive Hazards
Abstract:An all-fiber-based femtosecond laser featuring a large-core Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier is proposed. The laser can generate pulse energies in excess of 0.1 mJ while retaining a compact, modular, rugged architecture amenable to rapid field deployment in Laser-Induced-Breakdown-Spectroscopy (LIBS) sensors.

Q PEAK, INC.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Dr. Evgueni Slobodtchikov
Army 06-062      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Compact, Lightweight, Femtosecond Laser for LIBS
Abstract:Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technology has recently started to play an important role in various sensor needs - from the detection of trace amounts of explosives to the detection of sub-pg amounts of Ca and Mg within sub-m-diameter aerosols, with application to both military and civilian needs. With this technique, a brief, high-powered laser pulse is focused onto a sample to create a plasma, which results from vaporization and atomization of a small amount of target material. In recent years it has been demonstrated that the use of femtosecond laser source with a pulse duration around 100 fs can improve the overall performance of a LIBS system. However, present femtosecond lasers are too complex and bulky to be used in field applications. It is the aim of the work proposed here to develop a compact, efficient, solid state femtosecond source, ultimately suited for a portable LIBS sensor.

L. C. PEGASUS CORP.
10 Bedford Drive
Basking Ridge, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 781-0393
Dr. Nicolai Panikov
Army 06-063      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Fluctuation-Enhanced Chemical & Biological Sensor Systems
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I project, it is proposed to test the concept of Fluctuation-Enhanced Sensing (FES) as practical tool aimed at increasing sensitivity and selectivity of detection of chemical and biological agents in natural environment. We will focus on three groups of such agents: i) gaseous and volatile compounds (CO2, CH4, ethanol, acetone etc), ii) water-soluble compounds representing uniform microbial markers (NAD, DNA) and unique biochemical markers of potentially hazardous organisms (dipicolinic acid), and iii) bacterial cells in air and water. Single-wave IR spectrometry, diode array UV-spectrophotometry and terahertz spectrometry will be used as analytical instruments in attempts to detect the listed chemical and biological agents at level which normally considered to be instrumental noise. Signal processing will include high-order spectral analysis (Swami et al, 1993) and alternative approaches (e.g. signal filtration and pattern-recognition with artificial neural network).

SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC.
13619 Valley Oak Circle
ROCKVILLE, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 505-2641
Dr. Chiman Kwan
Army 06-063      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:High Performance and Portable Electronic Dog-Nose with Fluctuation-Enhanced Sensing and Prompt Bacterium-Identifier Option
Abstract:We propose a high performance and portable system that incorporates a newly developed technique known as fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES) to enhance commercial off the shelf (COTS) sensors. First, besides the mean (steady state) sensor value, we will use a low noise amplifier to enlarge the small stochastic fluctuations in the sensor. Features such as mean-square fluctuations, skewness, kurtosis, power spectrum, bispectrum images of the fluctuations will be extracted. Second, the scalar features such as mean value, mean-square fluctuations, skewness, and kurtosis will be fed into a robust classifier called Support Vector Machine (SVM) to enhance the overall detection performance. SVM has several advantages, including no over training problem, global optimal solution, and computational efficiency. We have applied SVM to classify toxic vapors for Kennedy Space Center and Jet Propulsion Lab. Third, we will apply novel techniques from hyperspectral signal processing to classify agents based on power spectrum and amplitude density functions. Fourth, we will apply a proven image recognition technique to classify agents based on bispectrum images. Fifth, we will feed the decisions from different classification approaches into a Dempster Shafer fusion algorithm. A single decision will be drawn, which is robust and optimal.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. John A. Berger
Army 06-064      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Dynamic Ad-Hoc Network Communications Visualization and Control
Abstract:Toyon proposes to assess the development of a Geospatial Analysis and Planning Support (GAPS) Toolbox plug-in for the visualization of dynamic ad hoc communications networks with relevant detail required for effective mission planning, optimized node placement, and efficient unmanned relay routing. The urban setting will be the focus. In particular, we will assess the display requirements for indicating potential areas of communications failures, or choke points, based on radio link parameters, terrain, and other network resource constraints. A feasibility analysis of radio frequency (RF) propagation modeling will examine computational requirements and modeling fidelity. In Phase I, we will also address the necessary control aspects for the optimized placement of autonomous, ground-based robots, which may serve as communication relays for vulnerable areas. To ultimately evaluate large-scale situational awareness, our visualization toolbox will eventually consider real-time knowledge of radio node positions using global positioning system (GPS) information through a Phase II effort. A Phase I deliverable will be a demonstration of the GAPS Toolbox to visualize the communications network in a simulated urban environment. Phase II will advance our toolbox to a deployable solution that is capable of GPS-enabled, real-time communication link analysis, verification, and modification.

B & W TEK, INC.
#19 Shea Way, Suite 301
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 368-7824
Dr. Sean X. Wang
Army 06-065      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:High Sensitivity Rugged Array Detectors for Field Deployed Instruments: Low-Light Level Camera for Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman Spectroscopy
Abstract:Low-light-level photodetector arrays are proposed for detecting the weak optical emission spectra from the trace atoms in the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The proposed semiconductor image intensifier and low-light-level camera utilize the miniaturized and monolithically integrated version of a proven solid-state detector technology, and is expected to be able to detect femto-watts (namely, 10^(-15) of 1 watt) of optical signal on each pixel with a gating time of 1 micro-second. The proposed research and development will significantly increase the sensitivity of the current LIBS chemical sensor systems, and therefore, enable more accurate detection of explosives at larger distances.

LIGHTSPIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4407 Elm Street, Suite 300
Chevy Chase, MD 20824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 809-9052
Dr. Eric S. Harmon
Army 06-065      Awarded: 17NOV06
Title:Uncooled Solid-State Spectrometer Detector with Ultimate Sensitivity
Abstract:LightSpin Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative solid-state microchannel plate (SSMCP) detector for the focal plane of LIBS instruments. It is a true solid-state replacement for vacuum microchannel plate technologies such as those used in intensified CCDs, and will provide sensitivity down to single photons with 16 bits of dynamic range, quantum efficiency above 40%, and uncooled dark count rates around a kcps/pixel. The spectral response of 200 to 900 nm can be readjusted if necessary. No pre-amplification, high voltages or cooling are needed. Phase I will prove all risk factors. Phase II offers a 1D array of 1024 pixels at 25 um pitch, each pixel being 2.5 mm high.

GINER, INC.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0506
Ms. Cecelia Cropley
Army 06-066      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Pulsed Controlled Operation Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power System
Abstract:The Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) is a promising candidate for a high-energy, lightweight, compact power source for military applications, particularly as a replacement for the 20W primary LiSO2 batteries currently used to power the electronic equipment of individual soldiers. With further development DMFCs are expected to provide significantly higher specific energy and energy density than primary batteries, reducing the number of batteries the soldiers must carry. Performance of state-of-the-art DMFCs is primarily limited by the high overpotential for methanol oxidation due to formation of an adsorbed CO species on the Pt surface. These species act as a catalyst poison, blocking active sites required for methanol dehydrogenation. Laboratory half-cell studies have indicated that the adsorbed CO species are oxidatively removed by frequent short-duration pulses of the anode to high potentials, but there are a number of safety, lifetime and operational concerns in applying this to a practical DMFC stack and system. Giner, Inc. proposes to conduct single-cell and stack testing and system design studies to evaluate these concerns and tradeoffs. The feasibility of implementing anode pulsing in a practical 20W DMFC system that meets the Army requirements will be evaluated.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Sandra Withers-Kirby
Army 06-066      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Compact Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Power System Using Pulsed Electrical Control
Abstract:There is an ever increasing demand for electrical power for individual soldier use. Presently, primary or secondary rechargeable batteries are utilized for field portable power devices; however, their energy capacity is insufficient to sustain the energy needs of an extended mission. Supplying replacement batteries presents a logistics burden, which could be alleviated with longer lifetime portable power devices. Lynntech is proposing to develop a compact and energy dense direct methanol PEM fuel cell system as an alternative portable power source. The proposed device utilizes pulsed electrical control in order to increase the average cell potential and allow operation at higher current densities. The purpose of the pulsed electrical control is to oxidize surface contaminants on the anode and restore high catalytic activity. Increasing the overall power density of the fuel cell stack will decrease the stack size, however, additional control electronics are required to facilitate the pulsed control scheme. Lynntech is proposing to compare two different pulse control strategies during this Phase I project: one utilizing short-duration, high current pulses generated by an externally powered circuit, and another that does not require any external power and utilizes only power from the fuel cell stack.

MESOSCOPIC DEVICES, LLC
510 Compton Street, Suite 106
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 466-6968
Dr. Ames Kulprathipanja
Army 06-066      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:DMFC Power System Enhanced by Pulsed Control
Abstract:Mesoscopic Devices proposes to develop a direct methanol fuel cell system using pulsed control technology. Our approach allows operation of the system at higher current densities while maintaining a high cell voltage relative to the equilibrium potential. The combination of our already high performing direct methanol fuel cell systems with the addition of pulsed control will improve overall system efficiency without additional balance of plant components. The simplicity of the pulse control implementation will result in a direct methanol fuel cell system that is smaller in size, weight and cost than a conventional system without the pulsed control. Furthermore, the lifetime stability of the system may also improve due to the pulsed control technology. In Phase I, the feasibility of the approach will be demonstrated and the advantages quantified in an analytical system model compared to the state-of-art direct methanol fuel cell system under steady state control.

EQUINOX CORP.
9 West 57th Street, Suite 1650
New York, NY 10019
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 234-1244
Dr. Christopher K. Eveland
Army 06-067      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:A Compact, Low-Power, Low Cost Device for Stereoscopic 3D Viewing from a Single Sensor
Abstract:The unique opportunity to solve stereoscopic sensing from a moving single sensor is provided by a combination of recent advances in image processing devices and image stabilization techniques developed by Equinox. These advances will be combined to provide a compact, low-power, low cost device that will support a user interactive interface for setting of the magnitude of the time-slip inter-ocular delay and VCR controls such as pausing, playing, rewinding and fast-forwarding.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Mr. Roger Xu
Army 06-067      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Creating Stereo Video from Monocular Video Stream
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and its subcontractor propose an efficient approach to create true stereo images in real-time. Our approach is built on top of the state-of-the-art technologies recently developed by our own team and contains three steps. First, we apply Gabor filters to select "good" feature points from a pair of images selected from the incoming video captured by a camera moving arbitrarily. Second, a sequential important sampling (SIS) based feature tracking algorithm developed by us is used for accurate feature correspondence tracking in the two images. Third, an efficient and optimized multi-view geometry-based algorithm is employed to generate a true stereo image for 3D display. The feasibility, robustness, and efficiency of our proposed algorithms have all been validated by our initial tests. All the proposed algorithms will be integrated into a user-friendly software utility for easy operation and control. The software will generate stereo video in real time and have functions similar to that of a digital video recorder (e.g. pause, play, fast forward, reverse) and also have the ability to control the time delay between the two images to be selected from the video stream.

BLAZETECH CORP.
24 Thorndike St.
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-0700
Dr. N. Albert Moussa
Army 06-068      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Effects of Damage to Composite Materials
Abstract:Because of their high strength to weight ratio, composite materials are being increasingly used to replace metals in current combat vehicles, particularly for armor and structural applications. This trend will continue into the future as requirements become more stringent. Of particular concern for the Army is the effect that damage to the composite has on its vulnerability within a combat environment. In this project we propose to develop an engineering model of the residual strength and modal response of damaged composite plates through an approach that coordinates and integrates results from analytical models, finite element simulations and testing.

SURVICE ENGINEERING CO.
4695 Millennium Drive
Belcamp, MD 21017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 273-7722
Mr. Mark Butkiewicz
Army 06-069      Awarded: 10NOV06
Title:Structural Damage Effects to Army Vehicles
Abstract:The Army uses MUVES-S2 for the modeling and simulation of combat system vulnerability, and requires the ability to rapidly assess effects of damage to vehicle structures. This SBIR focuses on modeling damage to combat vehicle structures and the resulting effects on vehicle capabilities. SURVICE Engineering proposes the development of a hybrid analytical model that can rapidly produce accurate analytical estimates of the effects of damage to combat system loss of capability.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Ms. Alexsana Donne
Army 06-070      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Compact Deminer's Probe
Abstract:Broadband Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) has shown promise, reliably identifying land mines by their casing material and explosive content. A LIBS sensor integrated into a deminer's probe could revolutionize humanitarian demining, improving clearance rates and operator safety. We propose a man-portable prodder to bring the detection speed and accuracy of LIBS to the post-conflict minefield where it is desperately needed. The innovative probe integrates optical transmission fibers and argon gas channels required for LIBS into an ergonomic and fully functional deminer's prodder. The probe connects to a backpack-mounted laser, spectrometer, and argon source through an armored bundle of optical fibers and tubing, thus placing the most expensive and bulky equipment away from the blast area and reducing strain on the deminer. The cable attaches to the probe through a rugged quick-release coupling, allowing rapid and tool-less probe replacement in the event of mine detonation. Relatively inexpensive replacement probes can be kept on hand, allowing virtually uninterrupted demining activity with minimal down time. The Phase I will show a proof of concept of the system packaging.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Dr. Charles J. Cohen
Army 06-071      Awarded: 01NOV06
Title:Awareness and Recognition of Behavioral Threat within Complex Environments: Detection of Intent from Biomotion Signatures
Abstract:Cybernet will develop Behavior Detection Modules for the purpose of detecting, detecting, tracking, analyzing, and interpreting biomotion behaviors, including the prediction of hostile actions and alerting the Army to suspicious events. The final unit will be a portable, battery powered, ruggedized, and designed to function optically in extreme light and environmental conditions. Crowd recognition is built off of dynamic based gesture and behavior recognition techniques that enable the system to gather information in an unstructured. A natural language representation of overall behaviors, based on the physics based interpretation of individual behavior characteristics, will be developed. A demonstration system will be created for the Phase I effort, and a full pre-production prototype will be developed for the Phase II effort. During the option period the hardware will be designed. Additional Phase II functionality includes network communication and hardware development.

FORTIS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
2249 Federal Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 706-8807
Dr. Ken K. Ho
Army 06-074      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Electrocaloric effect in ferroelectrics for solid state cooling
Abstract:In battle field environments reliable compact refrigeration systems are critical to maintain vital life support temperatures for soldiers, as well as for high power electronic systems, and temperature critical sensors (i.e., infra-red, night vision etc.). Conventional refrigeration systems are cumbersome and have many moving parts that are prone to mechanical failure and which limits the level of miniaturization that can be achieved. A novel thermal cooling concept is proposed that has the potential to bridge the gap between achieving high thermal efficiency and miniaturization. Using a ferroelectric thin film and utilizing the electrocaloric effect, a solid state miniature heat pump can produce cooling using theoretical Stirling or Erricson refrigeration cycles. Due to the high efficiencies of ferroelectrics, the electrocaloric effect can be expected to achieve up to 70% cooling efficiencies.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 774-0203
Dr. Alok Chatterjee
Army 06-075      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Simulation Tools for Strain Engineering, Manufacturing and Design of Novel Optical and Electronic Superlattice Materials and Surfaces
Abstract:The overall objective of this Phase I proposal is to create a model based on molecular dynamics (MD) that can predict the specific Quantum Dot Superlattice (QDSL) heteroepitaxial structures that will grow, given various factors such as growth temperature, flux rate, and spacer thickness. AlGaN/GaN heterostructures have attracted a great deal of theoretical and experimental interest because of their applications in high-power microwave devices, in high-frequency field effect transistors and in blue light-emitting diodes, among others. Specifically, ab-initio density functional theory calculations will be performed to determine accurate parameters for the interatomic potentials to be employed in MD growth simulations. Next, potentials such as the Rockett and modified Stillinger-Weber potentials will be investigated for their suitability. Once the potential parameters have been optimized, MD simulations of the growth of InGaN/GaN QDSL heterostructures will be performed. After the simulated growth of each InGaN/GaN QDSL layer, the system will be allowed to equilibrate. Defect formation will be studied as the growth proceeds. The strain in these simulated structures will be calculated. The effect of strain on the electronic structure of InGaN/GaN QDSL structures will also be calculated. Finally, the tradeoffs in the choice of growth parameters will be explored.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics and Holography Division, 20600 Gram
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Ranjit D. Pradhan
Army 06-076      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Nanostructured Fog-Free Coating Technology for Transparent Armor Systems
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for antifog coatings on glass and transparent polymer substrates in transparent armor systems for soldiers and armored vehicles, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Nanostructured Fog-Free (NOFOG) coating technology. This technology is based on optical fabrication of nanostructured surface relief patterns in highly durable nanoparticle-doped scratch-resistant polymer coatings spray/dip-coated on flat/curved transparent armor substrates. These nanostructured patterns make transparent armor surfaces superhydrophilic (extremely wettable), with a water-coating contact angle of <5 degrees, preventing formation of light-scattering water droplets, and thereby imparting super anti-fogging and antireflection characteristics with optical transmission of >99% for exceptional visibility. The process can be implemented either by POC or by manufacturers of protective goggles and vehicle transparencies, using modular coating equipment to coat transparent armor substrates at a production cost of a few tens of cents per square inch. In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of the NOFOG technology by fabricating prototype samples of the coating on glass and polycarbonate substrates and testing them for fogging, visibility, and environmental durability. In Phase II we will optimize the fabrication process for scaled-up implementation to reduce cost, and produce prototype coated vehicle window systems.

SEASHELL TECHNOLOGY LLC
3252 Holiday Court Suite 115
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 638-0315
Dr. Sheldon Schultz
Army 06-076      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Novel, Low Cost Superhydrophilic Anti-Fog Coatings to Maintain Transparency
Abstract:One of the major drawbacks of the currently fielded transparent armor platforms is their vulnerability to fogging. Fogging severity can ultimately compromise the transparent platform capabilities, and often jeopardize the soldier's survivability. Current commodity anti-fog coatings often diminish after repeated cleanings over time and require constant reapplication to ensure their effectiveness. Recent advances in nanotechnology have the potential to enable superhydrophilic surface coatings with anti-fog characteristics that prevent the formation of water droplets. Our proposed practical superhydrophilic coatings that are based on the application of nanotechnology will provide the Army with significantly enhanced soldier and vehicle survivability by preventing battlefield's fogging hazards. Additional benefits of the proposed anti-fog coatings include improved light transmittance, environmental and mechanical durability, safe and low cost process that is of minimal hazard to the environment and manufacturing personnel.

WEDEVEN ASSOC., INC.
5072 West Chester Pike
Edgmont, PA 19028
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 356-7161
Dr. Lavern D. Wedeven
Army 06-077      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:High Power Density Gears Using a Systems Engineering Approach for Selection, Test, and Evaluations of Emerging Materials, Surface Engineering, and Tribology Solutions
Abstract:Comprehensive tribology tests methods developed for aeropropulsion are proposed to provide a reliable and efficient means to evaluate emerging technologies for high power density gears. The tribology test methods include scuffing load capacity, Performance Mapping for wear and scuffing, surface initiated fatigue (micro-pitting) and oil-out performance. All these methods are scientifically based on tribology theory with a contact system composed of four structural elements representing technologies for surface durability. Five key tribology parameters are used to link micro-scale tribology mechanisms with engineering scale operating conditions. Tribology test machines (WAM) are based on these parameters as well as test methodologies. Phase I demonstrates the utilization of these test methods to define the performance limits of current state-of-art gear and lubrication technology (AISI 9310 gear steel and DOD-PRF-85734 gearbox oil). These performance limits are to be compared with a set of enhanced gear and lubrication technologies to demonstrate and quantify enhanced power density performance. An innovative concept is proposed for "tribologically tuned teeth" to balance and distribute wear/scuffing attributes across the active tooth profile with micro-pitting attributes. An advanced test machine concept is proposed to satisfy the need for improved high cycle micro-pitting tests.

COVALENT ASSOC., INC.
10 State Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 938-1140
Dr. Victor R. Koch
Army 06-078      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:New and Improved Nonaqueous Electrolyte Components - Salts and Solvents
Abstract:A need exists to significantly improve the low temperature performance of lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries presently being developed for U.S. Army field applications. State-of-the-art Li-ion battery performance rapidly declines as the temperature falls below -10C; yet high rate capability with useful battery capacity at temperatures as low as -40C is required to meet warfighter requirements on the battlefield. To solve this problem we propose to develop a novel Li-ion battery electrolyte formulation that incorporates some new electrolyte additives. Covalent's novel Li-ion battery electrolytes will provide a simple and cost-effective solution for the low temperature performance problem since we have demonstrated that small quantities of the additives significantly enhance low temperature rate capability while enabling Li-ion battery performance at temperatures of up to 80C.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5056
Dr. Bookeun Oh
Army 06-078      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:New and Improved Nonaqueous Electrolyte Components - Salts and Solvents
Abstract:TIAX,LLC proposes to develop a non-aqueous electrolyte formulation that will enable Lithium-ion batteries to deliver high power and achieve long operational life across an extended temperature range from -40 C to 70 C, and will also provide enhanced safety for these batteries. This will be accomplished by formulating a novel combination of salt and solvents chosen so as to achieve specific benefits already known to be yielded by the individual components while negating each other's deficiencies.

YARDNEY TECHNICAL PRODUCTS, INC.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Dr. Joseph Gnanaraj
Army 06-078      Awarded: 16NOV06
Title:New and Improved Nonaqueous Electrolyte Components - Salts and Solvents
Abstract:Lithium-ion batteries have been widely used and intensely investigated for the last decade. However, commercial cells have several problems including loss of power and capacity upon storage or prolonged use at elevated temperatures. In order to develop high-energy power sources for Army applications the operating temperature range must be expanded. Lithion has been investigating a class of compounds that show promise in stabilizing the highly conducting LiPF6 solutions upon elevated temperature exposure. We propose to further expand upon our studies of these additives, other previously reported thermal stabilizing additives, and low temperature enhancing co-solvents in cells to develop advanced liquid electrolytes capable of expanding the operating temperature range for Lithium-ion batteries.

EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Dr. Fei Wang
Army 06-080      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Repair Coating Containing Nanoparticle Fillers for Transparent Armor
Abstract:Recently, in environments such as Iraq and Afghanistan, sand-induced damage has becomes a serious issue. Solders have found that abraded and scratched surfaces significantly degrade optical clarity and the usefulness of the transparent armors. To repair the damaged armors, a convenient, low cost, simple to use repair system is desired. To address these needs, EIC Laboratories proposes to develop a field curable repair coating containing optically transparent nanoparticle fillers. Research results have predicted and experimentally confirmed that nanoparticles can be functionalized such that when incorporated into a compatible polymeric coating, they will selectively migrate into cracks. Based on these research results, EIC Laboratories has designed an easy to apply coating that will selectively migrate to cracks, adhere to the surface, and restore optical transparency without distortion. The coating formulation composition, which is fundamentally highly economical, will be investigated and optimized in Phase I. The evaluation and potential of this repair coating technology as a convenient in field repair of sand-scratched polycarbonate will be demonstrated using standard test methods. Phase II will entail further optimization of the coating composition and cure properties, scale-up of the synthesis, and testing in fielded Army transparent armor equipment.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2339
Dr. Andrew Myers
Army 06-080      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Nanocomposite Clear Coatings for Repair of Transparent Materials
Abstract:Transparent protective materials like goggles and blast shields protect soldiers while allowing visibility. Often made from polycarbonate (PC) plastics, these transparent barriers are very tough; but can be easily scratched by sand, greatly decreasing transparency. Once visibility is impaired, these transparent armors can become a hindrance to the soldier rather than a life-saving device. Fillers and polishes are commercially available that attempt to salvage scratched PC surfaces; unfortunately, most of these products are often temporary or rely on removing surface material in time consuming methods that obscure the transparency of the surface and are poor ideas to retain the integrity of blast shield. Restoring transparent armor in a quick, permanent process that filled in the scratches and re-established clarity of the plastic (without sacrificing toughness) would be preferable to replacing scratched materials with new devices. One solution to this problem is to combine several existing technologies and the results of some predictive modeling studies to produce a nanocomposite clear coating for polycarbonate plastics. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) will apply our nanoparticle technology to prepare nanoparticles that are compatible with transparent coatings suitable for coating PC. Not only should our nanoparticles fill in the scratches on PC surfaces, they should also add scratch resistance to the new coatings and transparent armor damaged by sand abrasion to full usefulness.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5218
Dr. Genshe Chen
Army 06-081      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Robust Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) Algorithms for
Abstract:We propose robust space-time adaptive processing (STAP) algorithms for efficient clutter suppression and target detection in RPAA systems. We first identify two main causes of the performance degradation in non-Gaussian clutter environments, then design the robust STAP algorithm to suppress the impulsive and often correlated clutters in the active mode. With the "clean" target signals obtained from the STAP processor, we propose a low-cost, efficient target detection algorithm for reliable target detection also in the active mode without requiring passive training data. The proposed STAP uses an innovative generalized sidelobe canceller structure with two adaptive filter blocks and a new iterative adaptation algorithm based on fractional lower order statistics. The proposed low-complexity target detection algorithm leverages the target tracking system commonly available in radar system to feedback the correct target decisions to the Constant False Alarm Rate detector so that the target signals are removed from the test statistic and correct detection threshold can be set when the target is present in the active mode. The new STAP and target detection algorithms are combined in a synergetic manner with the Automatic Target Recognition system to yield superior performance in active operation mode.

DIRECTED VAPOR TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC.
2 Boar's Head Lane
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 977-1405
Dr. Derek D. Hass
Army 06-082      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Multifunctional Erosion Resistant Coatings for Turbine Engine Components
Abstract:Advanced thermal barrier coating systems are desired for gas turbine engines. These coatings will increase the durability of hot-section engine components to significantly improve the time "on-wing", safety and readiness of these engines. In this work, we will use novel coating synthesis techniques that enable the deposition of advanced compositions and microstructures to achieve a comprehensive thermal barrier coating system that provides vastly improved resistance to damage from erosion. A low cost, high throughput processing approach for the application of this TBC system is also envisioned. The proposed Phase I effort will identify erosion protection concepts that are anticipated to meet the performance goals at both current and future engine operating temperatures and demonstrate the feasibility of applying these concepts using our advanced processing techniques. The successful completion of the Phase I work will lead to a follow-on Phase II program focused on down-selecting candidate approaches for optimization and applying the new coating onto real aircraft components. Success in this objective will offer the military a pathway toward production implementation of these advanced coatings and the new deposition processing capabilities required for applying coatings of this type onto engine components.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mr. James Belcher
Army 06-082      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Multifunctional Erosion Resistant Coatings with Controlled Nanostructure for Turbine Engine Compressor Components
Abstract:Sand ingestion into aircraft turbine engines can cause severe erosion of turbine compressor components. This erosive blade wear will reduce engine efficiency. Repair/replacement of these blades is costly, both in terms of down time and labor and materials cost. Infoscitex proposes to develop and deposit functionally gradient coatings by precisely controlling material nanostructure and component ratios. These coatings will protect metal engine compressor blades against sand particle abrasion, corrosion and thermal fluctuations in extreme conditions. By combining a unique coating morphology design, rapid deposition process and substrate-matched thermal properties, the proposed ERC system will promote excellent adhesion, prevent stress buildup and eliminate high cycle fatigue more efficiently than currently available coatings. In Phase I, we will select material components and prepare uniquely structured coatings on metal turbine blade test specimens. Coated test specimens will be characterized for thermal shock resistance and subjected to sand particle erosion testing to demonstrate Phase I feasibility. In Phase II, we will refine the ERC materials and process, scale-up and coat prototype metal engine compressor blades for extensive testing. Our team includes experts in turbine engine component coating depositions, materials and processing, and sand erosion testing.

FEDERAL TECHNOLOGY GROUP, INC.
Enterprise Professional Center, 235 S. Enterprise
Bozeman, MT 59718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 688-1556
Dr. Pay Yih
Army 06-083      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:A Process to Produce High-Purity Encapsulated Particulates in Large Quantities
Abstract:This is a proposal to research new methods of coating small particles using a water-based electroplating process. These methods would build upon existing technology, in which small particulates are placed into a metallic-ion-containing electrolyte solution inside an electroplating device. The particulates are repeatedly stirred, allowing sedimentation to occur by gravity until a sedimentation layer of loosely contacted particles is formed on the cathode plate. An electric current is created from the electromotive potential that exists across the anode and cathode plates. The stirring, sedimentation and electroplating processes are performed in sequence. Electroplating is interrupted during the stirring and seminentation steps, and stirring immediately follows electroplating.

LUMIDIGM, INC.
800 Bradbury SE, Suite 213
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 272-7406
Dr. Rob Rowe
Army 06-084      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Reliable Biometrics Data Quality Measure for Multi-modality Biometrics Fusion
Abstract:We propose to improve biometric authentication performance by incorporating multimodal data quality analysis into a commercially practical embodiment of an extremely high-performance multimodal biometric verification and/or identification solution. We will utilize our proven multispectral imaging platform to create a whole-hand sensor that incorporates four modalities: five fingerprints, a palmprint, chromatic texture, and handshape. Our proposal includes a unifying method for creating a quality metric independent of modality and a method for combining quality and match information into a single value for each modality. Because the single value has the same meaning across modalities, the values can be combined using any number of methods such as the sum or maximum value. Collecting multiple biometrics with a single insertion reduces the complexity of the hardware and software integration in addition to creating a simpler system for user interaction. A single method for creating quality metrics using data-driven techniques creates a unified method for assessing quality across biometric modalities. Fusion of the multiple biometrics with their respective quality metrics creates a more robust matching metric.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division, 20600 Gramercy
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Andrew Kostrzewski
Army 06-085      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Operational Military Networked Individual Tracking in Residential Area Confines
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a soldier training tracking system for local positioning within a complex urban environment, including in and around buildings of all sizes and types, including wood, metal, stone, and brick, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the new Operational Military Networked Individual Tracking in Residential Area Confines (OMNITRAC) system. OMNITRAC is based on an innovative design integrating GPS, a MEMS INS, and an RFID communicating over a low-power ZigBee self-organizing wireless mesh network to specifically address the U.S. Army need to track a virtually unlimited number of soldiers in a complex urban environment. In addition to tracking the location of each soldier, OMNITRAC will track the direction each soldier's weapon is pointed at all times, enabling remote personnel monitoring to assess tactical threat reaction and individual and group risk response in real time. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of OMNITRAC by developing a working prototype that will track a test subject's location and weapon pose in a simulated MOUT environment and show it via a GUI. In Phase II POC plans to develop a complete system, including simultaneous real-time tracking of multiple targets over a self-configuring wireless mesh network.

COHERENT TECHNICAL SERVICES, INC.
11219 Dancer Court
Lusby, MD 20657
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 603-1233
Mr. Ian Gallimore
Army 06-086      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Open Architecture Multiplex Data Bus Controller/Translator
Abstract:TBP

MRLETS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
616 Brookmeade Ct.
Beavercreek, OH 45434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 902-1434
Dr. Lang Hong
Army 06-088      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Automatic Spatial-Temporal Registration and Fusion of Multi-Modal Sensors for Networked Scouting Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this project is to design and demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative automatic spatial-temporal registration and fusion of multi-modal sensors for networked scouting vehicles which is applicable to unprecedented situational awareness in homeland defense and security. There are two subsystems: navigation and situation awareness. The sensors for the navigation subsystem include multi-antenna GPS, MEMS IMU, and magnetometer. The sensors for situation awareness include active and passive radar, and imaging sensors (CCD camera, IR, FLIR, EO, LIDAR). Each sensor has its advantages and disadvantages, and cannot meet the system requirements alone. Sensor fusion is an important approach in utilizing the advanced capabilities of multi-modal sensors. However, these sensors have system biases which result in unacceptable errors if not registered. In this proposal, an automatic spatial-temporal registration and fusion of multi-modal sensors is proposed. The spatial-temporal system bias models of multi-modal sensors are derived. Advanced filters such as unscented Kalman filters and particle filters are used to implement centralized and distributed registration and fusion algorithms. In open and low jamming environments, multi-antenna GPS receivers provide a good approach to calibrate other sensors. If the GPS information is imprecise under severe jamming or blocking, fusion of MEMS IMU, magnetometer, and vision provides continuous and accurate navigation. The severe drift of MEMS IMU is calibrated by magnetometer and vision navigation. A real-time spatial pyramid Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi (KLT) feature tracker is utilized to track features and register video sequences. Mutual information is applied to register multi-modal imaging sensors. Real-time motion tuned continuous wavelet transform object tracking (CWTOT) is applied to detect the objects in video sequences. The features are used to form the measurement equations of the navigation filter, or mapped to the GIS model database to estimate the platform pose directly. Our technique provides continuous robust navigation and situation awareness abilities under various environments.

SI2 TECHNOLOGIES
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Dr. Erik Handy
Army 06-089      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Lightweight, High-Bandwidth Conformal Antenna System for Ballistic Helmets (1000-065)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes to design a high-efficiency, conformal antenna system for integration with ballistic helmets and soldier tactical radios. The proposed system will afford reliable communications capability to the individual soldier without significant weight addition or changes to the helmet's visual profile. Previous antenna approaches poorly insulated soldiers from emitted radiation (resulting in a loss of omnidirectionality due to screening by the soldier's body), employed connectors that were unsuitable for the battlefield environment (i.e., were fragile or reduced soldier mobility), and exhibited insufficient bandwidth. SI2's helmet antenna design will minimize soldier exposure to RF radiation while maximizing the soldier's communications flexibility and access to multiple data streams. State-of-the-art connector technologies will render the antenna system battlefield-ready and soldier-friendly. Several means of integrating the antenna system with the helmet will be explored as part of a trade study in Phase I. SI2's conformal antenna manufacturing capabilities will be demonstrated at the conclusion of Phase I, with further development of the antenna system design and manufacturing approaches to be undertaken in Phase II.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Dr. Richard Hull
Army 06-098      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Harmony: Tools for Metadata Harmonization and Mediation
Abstract:Intelligence analysts must sift through large volumes of raw data to identify, interpret and extract actionable intelligence for the warfighter. Among the most critical data streams are those carrying voice traffic because of its potential value in understanding the threat environment. Finding critical information in this immense volume of traffic is much like listening to a chorus of 10,000 voices to hear a single word and extract its intended meaning. Modus Operandi proposes the Harmony toolset for making intelligence analysts more effective, increasing their productivity without a significant increase in workload. Harmony provides advancement and innovation in technology for data discovery, integration and understanding. Key aspects include capabilities to (1) harmonize disparate metadata models between a legacy system and a reference model by analyzing the lexical and semantic elements and (2) developing a deployable mediation model. Harmony will empower analysts with the ability to leverage semantic search and retrieval across the network centric Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) domain.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Dr. Deepnarayan Gupta
Army 06-099      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Low Jitter On-chip Clock Technology
Abstract:In true Digital-RF receiver technology, the RF signal is sampled directly at the antenna and processed digitally at high speeds. This requires an ultrafast ultra-linear analog-to-digital Converter (ADC) followed by ultrafast digital signal processing (DSP). High-speed clocks, in the 20 - 120 GHz range, are required for both the ADC and the DSP. For best performance, the ADC clock must have extremely low short-term jitter, preferably 10 fs (0.01 ps) or less. HYPRES has previously demonstrated that a Long Josephson Junction (LJJ) oscillator may be used as a clock source that meets all of these requirements, and can be integrated with rapid-single-flux-quantum (RSFQ) superconductor digital circuits. HYPRES proposes to develop a parametric family of high-frequency LJJ clocks, and to fabricate and test such an on-chip clock, phase-locked to an external low-frequency reference oscillator for long-term stability. In Phase II, a programmable modular multi-rate clock will be integrated with a superconducting ADC and DSP to provide a complete, compact digital-RF receiver system for Army communications.

D & S CONSULTANTS, INC.
P.O. Box 7259
Freehold, NJ 07728
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 542-3113
Mr. George F. Elmasry, Ph. D
Army 06-100      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Reactive, Multi-Layer Simulation Technologies
Abstract:This study develops a detailed architecture of the umbrella System of Systems (SoS) tool. The tool preserves cross layer signaling and layer state machine transition regardless of whether the layer is abstracted or detailed. The proposed study will perform tasks including: o Investigating the interaction between the specialized tools and the umbrella tool o Evaluating cross layer signaling that needs to be preserved o Defining the state-machines for each layer o Validating the cross layer signaling preservation and layer abstraction accuracy o Defining the metrics for each layer and the end-to-end metrics. Concurrent and parallel simulation concepts will be studied through the frame work defined above. Evaluation of rare event simulation concepts and how they fit with cross layer signaling approach will also be investigated in the Phase I. The results of the study will be a tool that can answer what-if questions concerning communications networks in a fast and reliable matter. VoIP applications, which are known to sometimes give poor performance over tactical networks, will benefit from building the proposed capabilities. The proposed tool will provide the ways to improve the performance of such applications with low cost.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5241
Dr. Renato Levy
Army 06-100      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:A Composable Framework for Multiple Resolution, Cross-Layer Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:We propose an agent-based framework and simulation infrastructure for the integrated modeling and simulation of multiple layers that is applicable towards the simulation of large, complex networked system of systems. This framework enables a process and methodology of iterative modeling and refinement and progressive drill down into additional detail during various parts of the system lifecycle. The key innovation of this approach is using agent-based, dynamically composable simulation model elements that can be assembled within and across layers to create multiresolution, cross-layer simulations. In the Phase I effort, we will identify key application layer and network layer abstractions that will enable the creation of reusable simulation elements, executable models, and components. The core computational model of the simulation approach is based on a proven agent-based simulation framework that leverages a distributed, parallel discrete event simulation system that has been successfully applied to large-scale cross-layer models. Additionally, we will devise a general metrics collection framework that will allow users to flexibly collect and utilize results. The approach will be demonstrated in the context of a use case consisting of a distributed system developed using the service oriented architecture paradigm.

POLAR RAIN, INC.
1427 Cerro Verde
San Jose, CA 95120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 641-7111
Dr. Ismail Haritaoglu
Army 06-101      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Effective Character Restoration and Enhancement for Arabic Text Documents
Abstract:Polar Rain proposes to design and develop fast and efficient character restoration and image enhancement algorithms and software for Arabic text document images. Our proposed approach brings innovative solution designed to work on degraded Arabic text document images combining non-language specific image enhancement methods with Arabic specific character restoration algorithm. Computation models used in algorithms takes advantage of Arabic characters shapes and appearance features while removing artifacts, marks general noise during enhancement process. Proposed software design allows seamless integration third party OCR products with set of application programming interfaces. We will evaluate and conduct experiments to measure feasibility and superiority of proposed solution over exiting image enhancement and character restoration algorithms using COTS OCR product as well as Polar Rain's mobile OCR software.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 597-0688
Mr. Michael Marino
Army 06-102      Awarded: 16NOV06
Title:On-the-Move Geolocation of Very Weak RF Signals in Urban Environments
Abstract:A mobile, vehicle mounted, three dimensional geolocation system for low power, non-cooperative RF signals will be analyzed and the best system architecture and subsystem specifications will be determined. This system will monitor the RF spectrum and detect signals, provide 3D geolocation capability, and provide real-time results. The program effort includes conducting a system trade study, determining subsystem performance specifications and system implementation.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Jack Salerno
Army 06-103      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:A Novel low-noise, fast-tuning, wideband Tuner based on Tunable Opto-Electronic Oscillator
Abstract:Leveraging Agiltron's recent breakthrough in manufacturing low cost fiber optic digital delay lines and variable optical attenuators as well as the drastic improvement in cost and performance of commercial optical components, and the leadership of M/A-COM in the ELINT tuner, we propose to develop a low-noise, fast-tuning, wideband tuner based on opto-electronic oscillator and photonic tunable high-Q wideband RF filter for the US Army's EW applications. Agiltron proposes to develop a novel photonic microwave signal generator that will replace the conventional electronic generator in established tuner designs from M/A-COM. The proposed approach provides a tunable source with ultra-high purity signal from 20 MHz to 20 GHz, potentially up to 75GHz for fast tuning. The practicality of such an opto-electronic oscillator module including high-Q tunable filter will be demonstrated in this program. A working testing tuner module is targeted in Phase I for the evaluation of the technical approach, and a low phase noise (<-140dBc/Hz at 10 KHz offset), fast tuning tuner module will be demonstrated in Phase II. Success in this program will significantly reduce mission cost and increase performance and utility of future radar systems.

TERA-X, LLC
8551 Research Way, Suite 175
Middleton, WI 53562
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 345-1519
Dr. John Grade
Army 06-104      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Portable Terahertz Imaging System
Abstract:We propose broad spectral sensing with co-located visible, infrared (IR) and terahertz (THz) sensors that are small, light and powerful enough to provide ~ 100 m standoff detection, yet be able to be mounted on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or used in a handheld format. By enabling ultralight low-power sensors that fuse images from three spectral regimes, we offer a new broadly applicable approach to counteracting asymmetric threats.

EMAG TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
775 Technology Dr., Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Dr. Kazem F. Sabet
Army 06-105      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Propagation Modeling of Near Ground Radio Signals
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will develop models for the wave propagation in a geological stratigraphy including vegetation, snow and ice. The overall goal is to develop macromodels for near ground signal propagation which will be plugged into EMTerrano, EMAG's 3D ray tracing simulation software. In particular, the propagation models developed at the University of Michigan will be examined thoroughly for incorporation into our comprehensive simulation environment. The proposed framework will allow for hybrid full-wave and ray tracing simulation of near ground communication links. This will include the calculation of the radiation pattern of near ground transmitters taking into account the geological stratigraphy.

INFORMATION SYSTEMS LABORATORIES, INC.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 448-1116
Mr. Jameson Bergin
Army 06-106      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Advanced People and Wildlife Discrimination Algorithms for Radar
Abstract:Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) radar provides an all-weather day-night capability to detect moving targets and provide robust persistent day-night surveillance of regions of interest. These radar systems can detect moving vehicles and human beings. These systems will also detect large animals moving in the surveillance area. These false alarms can be expensive in terms of time and resources required to prosecute the false tracks, resulting in an ineffective system. The main purpose of the proposed research is to develop a novel discrimination algorithm that will significantly reduce false alarms in GMTI radar systems caused by wildlife.

NP PHOTONICS, INC.
UA Science and Technology Park, 9030 S. Rita Road,
Tucson, AZ 85747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 799-7407
Dr. Shibin Jiang
Army 06-107      Awarded: 05NOV06
Title:HighlyEfficient 2.09 Micron Fiber Laser
Abstract:This proposal is for the development of new Ho3+ doped germanate glass fiber laser at 2.09 micron with output power of 50 watts and wall-plug efficiency of greater than 10%. This type of fiber laser can be used to generate multiple bands lasers for infrared countermeasure systems through optical parametric oscillators. We propose to use Ho3+ doped germanate glass fibers because silica glass fiber is not the ideal host for lasers at wavelength of 2mm and longer. Germanate glass exhibits lower phonon energy compared to silica glass, increasing the quantum efficiency of 5I7 level of Ho3+ ions. This proposed all-fiber laser system can guarantee the ruggedness and reliable performance which is needed for helicopter platform.

GIRD SYSTEMS, INC.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
Mr. Ben Maxson
Army 06-109      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Wideband Interference Rejecting Antenna Subsystem
Abstract:Cosite interference, or self-jamming, occurs whenever operation of transmitting RF equipment interferers with operation of co-located receiving equipment. Ordinarily, such interference is avoided by design, through use of frequency separation, temporal separation or spatial separation. Oftentimes, however, the missions and constraints of military platforms preclude such straightforward solutions. The conventional cosite solution tools are well-known and widely deployed. The applicability of these solutions to the problem at hand varies. GIRD Systems proposes investigation of the conventional solutions as well as several novel approaches proposed herein. Through requirements capture, technical analyses, and computer simulation GIRD Systems will evaluate the alternatives and select the most promising approaches for Phase II prototype implementation.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5106
Mr. Mike Colony
Army 06-112      Awarded: 17NOV06
Title:Advanced Algorithms for Distributed Fusion (A2DF)
Abstract:Over the last several years, the United States Military has been undergoing a radical transition from a traditional "platform-centric" force to one capable of performing in a state-of-the-art "Network-Centric" environment. With this transformation comes the challenge of creating and maintaining a globally consistent tactical picture across a distributed ad-hoc sensor network. In order to meet this challenge, the Decisive Analytics Corporation (DAC) team brings to bear industry leading capabilities, experience, and technology in the areas of information fusion, tracking, distributed and network programming, and intelligent agents to develop and deploy an interlaced information and adjudication network system for real-time low-level information fusion based on the Dual Node Network (DNN) architecture. Through the study of network topologies, data association schema, and state estimation techniques, this effort will result in a point design for an intelligent agent managed infostructure fusion network to support Army Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR) operations in the future battlefield.

DATA FUSION CORP.
10190 Bannock Street, Suite 246
Northglenn, CO 80260
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 872-2145
Mr. Kent Krumvieda
Army 06-113      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Geometric Pairing (GP) of battlefield entities thru the Combat Net Radio System (CNRS)
Abstract:Data Fusion Corporation (DFC) proposes the development of a prototype Combat Identification (CID) system that will reduce fratricide, increase situational awareness (SA), and enhance combat effectiveness for Soldier-to-Soldier based CID applications. The system design will use GPS, a modified-mobile adhoc network MANET, local ranging signals, mesh network and geometric pairing (GP) that will provide sub-meter position information, velocity, time (PVT) as well as ID. The sub-meter position is obtained using DFC's innovative positioning algorithms that uniquely combine (in a weighted least squares sense) lower accuracy absolute positions with highly accurate relative positions. Furthermore, DFC takes advantage of the mesh rigidity where appropriate. The minimal configuration can be a mixed network of dynamic nodes with or without GPS. GPS receivers only need be single carrier (L1) receivers processing the lower accuracy CA signal. This can be accomplished without any infrastructure. Should L1L2 P(Y) code receivers, and infrastructure be available additional accuracy and robustness can be gained.

WAVEFRONT RESEARCH, INC.
616 West Broad Street
Bethlehem, PA 18018
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 974-8977
Mr. Thomas A. Mitchell
Army 06-114      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:UNCOOLED COMPACT LWIR DUAL-FUNCTION TEMPORAL / HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGER FOR THREAT DETECTION
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I effort is to investigate, develop, and characterize a new class of high performance, compact, lightweight, uncooled LWIR hyperspectral imaging sensors enabled by an innovative design form and dispersing element technology. These sensors provide the ability to toggle between temporal full-frame imaging and scanning hyperspectral modes, and are well suited for use in ground-to-ground and uninhabited aerial vehicle (UAV) applications. The optical properties of these systems, including light gathering capability, spatial resolution, optical distortion, as well as other system parameters will be modeled and characterized, and estimates of performance metrics such as NEDT and NESR will be predicted.

FAIRCHILD IMAGING
1801 McCarthy Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 433-2555
Mr. Bruce Willy
Army 06-115      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Micro Solid State Low Light Level Camera
Abstract:There is a distinct need to replace the current Gen III image intensifier imaging system with a solid state low light level camera. Fairchild Imaging has been working (SBIR A04-116) on an innovative hybrid CCD/ CMOS approach that combines the best of CCD imaging characteristics (high quantum efficiency, low dark current, excellent uniformity and low cross talk) with the high speed, low power, and ultra-low read noise of the active pixel CMOS readout technology via indium bumps. To date we have demonstrated excellent imagery from full day light down to quarter moon light level performance with acceptable MRC performance. Additional technology enhancements such as modifications to the serial shift register on the CCD, a ROIC designed on 0.18um design rules and changes to the indium bump process will improve MTF and SNR as well as reduce read noise and improve the overall performance of the camera. With the implementation of these performance enhancements to the existing low light level camera expect to see a solid state low light level imager with comparable or better Gen III performance.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5180
Dr. Robert Fricke
Army 06-116      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Improved Far-Target Location Accuracy for Man-Portable Systems Through Application of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)-Gyro / Magnetometer Hybrid Sensor & 3-D Compensation Algorithms
Abstract:TIAX proposes to address the challenges of compensation for magnetic clutter by integrating magnetometers, accelerometers, gyros, and supporting electronics including an embedded processor and algorithms. TIAX will build on our existing sensor technology and extend it to provide for a simplified field compensation procedure. TIAX will use our sensor simulator as the basis for developing the new algorithms and evaluating the hardware requirements for implementation. The analysis performed during the Phase I period will lay the groundwork for the architecture development of the sensor system during the Option period. This work will set the stage for a hardware development program during Phase II that will advance the concept to TRL 4.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Andrew P. Brown
Army 06-117      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Spatial Registration of Multi-Sensor Data Using 3D Reconstruction
Abstract:In current and future military applications, multiple sensing technologies are being employed to provide accurate situational awareness, resulting in successful and safely-deployed missions. Many threats, including mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs), are intelligently hidden from human sight, but can be successfully detected using a combination of ground penetrating radar (GPR) and various IR and visible imaging sensors. Toyon, in collaboration with Prof. Joseph Mundy of Brown University, proposes to design and develop a system capable of autonomously performing multi-image spatial registration across a number of sensor modalities. Our approach will accurately co-register all sensors during a single mission, and if desired, across missions, using un-surveyed incidental 3D control points that occur naturally in the environment and which are automatically detected and tracked by the registration software. Information obtained from detecting and tracking the control points and from estimates of the vehicle's relative motion between scans will be used to perform high-fidelity joint automatic sensor calibration and 3D reconstruction for each sensor in a common vehicle coordinate frame, thereby registering the data. The data registration will then be optimized jointly across sensor modes by maximizing a mutual information metric, with the goal of achieving sub-pixel registration accuracy. The registered data can be presented to the system user or for further processing in the form of registered 3D image cubes, or 2D images registered in one of the sensor image planes or from a novel viewpoint. In either case, a multi-sensor multi-dimensional registered data set is provided for exploitation, e.g., for mine or IED detection. In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technical approach, evaluate the multi-sensor spatial registration accuracy obtained with real-world data collections in complex scenes, document the results, and provide recommendations for further research and development in Phase II and for commercialization of the developed technology.

HI-Z TECHNOLOGY, INC.
Suite 7400, 7606 Miramar Road
San Diego, CA 92126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 695-6660
Mr. Velimir Jovanovic
Army 06-118      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:High Coefficient of Performance Quantum Well Thermoelectric Nano Cooler
Abstract:Hi-Z Technology, Inc. has developed nanotechnology quantum well thermoelectric materials that have high Figures of Merit and can attain very high coefficients of performance (COP) to exceed the Army's objective for cooling room temperature detectors. Hi-Z's Si/SiGe solid state quantum well thermoelectric materials have demonstrated a Seebeck coefficient that provides >4X voltage of current thermoelectric materials and thermoelectric properties that optimize COP in the required temperature range from 250K to 350K. With the new Si/SiGe quantum well materials, cooling systems can be fabricated that are much smaller, quieter, light weight, and have much reduced power requirements than current thermoelectric materials or presently used mechanical equipment. On-going funded development for these new quantum well thermoelectric materials by DOE and DOD has demonstrated high efficiency thermoelectric materials for power applications. Now, cooling devices to meet the Army's requirements are feasible and will be developed through this proposal. In Phase I nanocomposite quantum well films (100 Angstroms) will be fabricated to demonstrate that Si/SiGe quantum well materials can be deposited on a low thermal conductivity substrate and provide at least the desired COP over the temperature range from 250K to 350K. In Phase I Option, Si/SiGe quantum well couples will be fabricated and tested to establish the basic structure for scale-up in Phase II for use in Army and commercial applications.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St., Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Dr. Steve Savoy
Army 06-118      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:High ZT Nanoparticle/Polymer Composites for Cooling Applications
Abstract:Infrared imaging devices (like night-vision goggles), rely on solid-state coolers to cool and stabilize the temperature of the optical detectors in these systems. Primarily, this cooling is performed by thermoelectric (TE) devices. These highly reliable devices have no moving parts, operate around room temperature and are easily integrated into thermal systems. In operation, electrical power is used to drive a current through the device creating a temperature difference across the faces. Despite the benefits of these solid-state devices, engineering applications have been limited by the relatively low intrinsic efficiency of the semiconductor materials comprising the devices. In fact, in night vision goggles, most of the energy drain is due to the need to cool these IR detector elements. More efficient TE materials would mean less batteries for the soldier to carry; in general, smaller power requirements means smaller weight for any defense system. Cooling systems are characterized by a coefficient of performance (COP) which is defined as the cooling power (output) divided by the input power. Typically, a thermoelectric device consists of a p-type semiconductor leg (hole majority carriers) and an n-type semiconductor leg (electron majority carriers). A figure of merit is defined for each material and is given by ZT=2a/U, where is the Seebeck coefficient, a is the electrical conductivity and U is the thermal conductivity. In a thermoelectric device, the COP is related to a dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) of the constituent materials as well as the ratio of hot to cold junction temperature.[1] A figure of merit greater than 1 for the combined n- and p-type thermoelectric elements is required to meet the COP objectives stated in the SBIR solicitation A06-118.

BASIC ELECTRONICS, INC.
11371 Monarch Street
Garden Grove, CA 92841
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 530-2400
Mr. Alfiero
Army 06-119      Awarded: 17NOV06
Title:High Performance Thermal Transfer Material
Abstract:Basic Electronics, Inc. has developed and patented a unique, composite material that provides significant potential for solving thermal problems and weight problems associated with current systems used to dissipate heat. This composite material conducts heat at rates of up to five times greater than that of copper and is approximately half the weight of aluminum. The purpose of this proposal is to demonstrate the performance of the thermal composite material in various configurations to resolve thermal management and weight problems in electronic systems.

NUFERN
7 Airport Park Road
East Granby, CT 06026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 408-5004
Dr. Kanishka Tankala
Army 06-120      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:High Efficiency Erbium/Ytterbium (Er/Yb) Doped Fibers for Eye-safe Fiber Laser Sources
Abstract:Active two-dimensional and three-dimensional Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition sensors are being developed by the military to improve its target identification capability. One of the most promising optical sources for this application is a fiber laser operating at the eye-safe wavelength of about 1550 nm and at high pulse repetition rates of 50-1000 kHz. These lasers are based on Er:Yb co-doped fibers of the double clad (DC) design. Currently available Er:Yb DC fibers exhibit pump-to-signal conversion efficiency of about 40%. For Er:Yb DC fibers to be used in fiber lasers for navigation, ranging, identification, etc., the conversion efficiency must be increased beyond the current ceiling of 40%. This proposal deals with increasing the efficiency of Er:Yb DC fibers by: (i) maximizing the P and the Yb concentrations in the fiber gain region, and (ii) decreasing the Yb/Er ratio for fixed Yb concentration by increasing the Er concentration in the gain region. Nufern is an industry leader in the design and fabrication of rare earth doped fibers and has identified a path to develop high efficiency Er:Yb DC fibers. Due to its vast prior experience, Nufern is uniquely qualified to undertake the proposed research and ensure that the program concludes successfully.

MULTISPECTRAL IMAGING, INC.
100 Misty Lane
Parsippany, NJ 07054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 482-0230
Dr. Scott R. Hunter
Army 06-121      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Small Pixel High Sensivity IR Imaging Array
Abstract:There is a continuing drive within the DOD to develop ever smaller pitch pixels in uncooled IR imaging arrays to enable high spatial resolution, compact infrared cameras for a number of applications. A key limitation to the sensitivity achievable with such imaging arrays is the low temperature conversion sensitivity of the typical microbolometer materials and their associated noise sources. Capacitively sensed, microcantilever based infrared sensors have demonstrated high conversion sensitivities of 50%/K or more without the 1/f and Johnson noise sources which are present in all thermoresistive materials. Extensive modeling of 50 micron and smaller pitched pixels show that microcantilever sensor arrays are capable of near background limited performance. Multispectral Imaging will demonstrate that the use of innovative microcantilever sensing structures and associated detection electronics will enable high sensitivity performance to be achieved for IR arrays with 17 micron pitched pixels. The Phase I effort will demonstrate the technical feasibility of this approach through modeling and analysis, and the fabrication of selected test structures to demonstrate the key features of the microcantilever sensor approach. The Phase II effort will build upon the results of the earlier work to fabricate small imaging arrays with the required sensitivity and temporal response specifications.

SCIENCE RESEARCH LABORATORY, INC.
15 WARD STREET
SOMERVILLE, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 547-1122
Dr. Allen Flusberg
Army 06-121      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:High Performance Uncooled Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:Science Research Laboratory (SRL) proposes to develop a novel uncooled thermal-to-visible transducer (TVT) that will revolutionize long-wavelength-infrared (LWIR) imaging. This new instrument is characterized by (1) lower power consumption and heating than existing IR bolometers; (2) immunity to image retention; (3) potential for a curved focal-plane array that can increase instrument sensitivity; (4) infrequent recalibration-a result of less heating; (5) the incorporation of standard CCD or CMOS arrays, making operation vastly simpler than that of conventional IR cameras; (6) an intrinsic capability of hardening to >1000 g on all three axes; (7) excellent sensitivity (NETD 5-40 mK); (8) a revolutionarily low cost of $20-$40 for the sensor module and $300 for the camera, many times less expensive than existing instruments; (8) potential for fusion of visible and thermal IR images, the two images being automatically registered and boresighted. In Phase I SRL will compare various materials that can be used as the IR-absorbing element of the transducer, resolve issues of materials compatibility between this element and requisite contiguous elements, and design a proof-of-principle experiment, to be conducted in Phase II, that will demonstrate the technology.

ADVANCED DEVICE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
4 Raymond Ave, Suite #4B
Salem, NH 03079
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 894-1402
Dr. Peter J. Kannam
Army 06-122      Awarded: 16NOV06
Title:Type II Focal Plane Arrays on Strained Layer Superlattices (SLS) Material
Abstract:We propose to develop "Type II Focal Plane Arrays on Strained Layer Superlattices (SLS) Material The Innovative Features of the project are: . Detector Arrays on Type II Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) Material. High Performance Detector Arrays are designed on SLS material. The main advantages of SLS detectors are 1) higher performance and longer minority carrier life time 2) higher operating temperature 3) very fast time response and 4) lower cost and higher array uniformity. . Large Format LWIR FPAs. 320 x 256 element (30 um pitch) Detector arrays are designed for LWIR (8-12 um) waveband. The detector arrays are integrated with an existing ROICs with snapshot integration capability. . Uncooled Focal Plane Arrays. Superlattice Technology is capable of producing uncooled FPAs. The room temperature operation of the FPAs eliminates the need for cryo-cooling, which improves sensor reliability while reducing the sensor power and cost. . High Reliability Passivation Scheme. The detector array is fabricated with high reliability radiation-hard passivation scheme. . Cost-Effective Product Development. The proposed product can be developed cost-effectively with reduced risk due to: 1) feasibility of fabricating of high performance, Uncooled SLS detectors have already been demonstrated during the ongoing Navy contract, 2) snap-shot 320 x 256 element ROICs have already been developed and are available on the commercial market, and 3) ADT is presently developing Uncooled SLS FPAs and Cameras under another ongoing Army/SMDC contract . Several of the tasks that are being conducted under these two ongoing contracts are directly applicable to the proposed project. During Phase I, the feasibility of fabricating Uncooled SLS detectors for LWIR waveband will be demonstrated. During Phase II, 320 x 256 Element Uncooled LWIR Detector Arrays will be fabricated and integrated with an existing ROIC. The characteristics of the FPA will be compared with that of HgCdTe FPA to demonstrate the advantages of SLS focal plane arrays in cost and performance. During Phase III, Uncooled LWIR Camera will be built and its application for various DoD projects will be demonstrated.

MP TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Dr. Erick Michel
Army 06-122      Awarded: 17NOV06
Title:Type II Superlattices for LWIR Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:Long wavelength infrared (LWIR) detectors are highly needed for night vision and threat warning applications. The InAs/GaSb Type II heterostructure system offers unique design flexibility for new innovative detectors. Type strained layer superlattice (SLS) detectors have been demonstrated with cutoff wavelengths ranging from 3 to 32 microns. This technology has shown performance comparable to HgCdTe in the MWIR and LWIR ranges, but there is still much work to be done to accomplish full commercialization. It is proposed to demonstrate Type II superlattice detectors with improved performance similar to or better than existing HgCdTe technology in the LWIR range. Several tasks are required to improve Type II LWIR sensors: (i) Design of a suitable structure with cutoff wavelength in the LWIR at the desired operating temperature, as well as incorporating novel designs for higher differential resistance/quantum efficiency (ii) Optimization of the epitaxial growth conditions for LWIR superlattice material with the goal of minimizing recombination centers, (iii) Device fabrication, and (iv) Device measurement and analysis to determine dark current mechanisms and methods for reducing them. This data would then be applied back to steps (i)-(iii) to further improve performance.

SVT ASSOC., INC.
7620 Executive Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 934-2100
Dr. Aaron Moy
Army 06-122      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:High-Performance Type II Superlattice LWIR Detector on Si
Abstract:SVT Associates proposes an innovative application of several technologies to create device quality large diameter GaSb virtual substrates on Si. In combination with this GaSb/Si substrate, a novel arsenic isolation apparatus will be applied to Type-II superlattice (SL) growth for LWIR detector applications. Photodetector arrays using this material are of great interest to the DoD for various applications including, in particular, optical detection and tracking of missiles. Applying these techniques to the Type-II SL grown on Si should result in lower dislocation density, higher material purity, smoother surfaces, and more abrupt SL interfaces of SL, all of which are important factors that should significantly enhance material quality and uniformity, and device operation. We intend to characterize the positive effects of these technologies in Type-II SL grown on Si in Phase I and fabricate discrete LWIR detectors. In Phase II we will refine the processes to realize larger diameter GaSb and Type-II SL detector arrays.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Dr. Richard Hull
Army 06-123      Awarded: 16NOV06
Title:Maestro: Semantic Discovery and Orchestration of Web Services
Abstract:The US Army plans to migrate C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, and Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance) systems toward network-centric objectives by (1) capturing capabilities (as services) from legacy systems, and (2) plugging them into the Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS) Integration Backbone (DIB). The DIB will provide the SOA service infrastructure and the pathway to interoperability with the Global Information Grid (GIG). While these efforts provide the infrastructure to achieve some level of interoperability, they are poised to hit the "Semantic Wall" due to lack of shared meanings among the legacy systems. Modus Operandi (MO) proposes an innovative intelligent meta-layer for service infrastructures that will capture and use shared meaning among services. Our Maestro approach harnesses semantic technologies to facilitate legacy system integration with the GIG.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Dr. Richard Hull
Army 06-124      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Blackstone: Tools and Methods for Semantic Algorithm Harvesting
Abstract:Today's acceleration toward network centric operations is necessitating an effort to modify legacy software at a level not seen since the Y2K rollover. Legacy Programs of Record (POR) have a long operational history and have earned the trust that comes from that history. They represent a well understood and validated set of techniques implemented by suites of algorithms, such as for signals intelligence (SIGINT). In many cases these techniques, while still valid, are encased in antiquated frameworks. Critical operational systems such as the Guardrail Common Sensor (GRCS) are in the early stages of transition from vertical, stand-alone systems to a set of network centric capabilities. These capabilities will be available to consumers through systems such as the Distributed Common Ground System Army (DCGS-A). Modus Operandi proposes Blackstone, an innovative harvesting concept to support efficient re-use of well tested and highly trusted SIGINT algorithms for exposure through DCGS-A. With Blackstone, the task of moving from distinct PORs to network centric capabilities can be accelerated with greatly reduced risk and associated costs.

SCALABLE NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6701 Center Drive West #520
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-3318
Dr. Ken Tang
Army 06-125      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Seamless Route Management & Route Distribution Across Heterogeneous Networks
Abstract:Seamless networking is a key performance enabler for the Future Force (FF) network. The FF network is envisaged as an amalgamation of multiple networks, including mobile ad hoc networks, serving different operational needs. Commercial Border Gateway Routing Protocols such as BGP are largely deficient in addressing the needs for dynamic selection of border nodes that is an essential component of the CONOPS for FF networks. We propose to design a flexible and scalable Inter Domain Routing (IDR) solution for ad hoc tactical networks that will allow flexible policies and techniques for border gateway selection that are resilient to dynamic network and traffic conditions, that will be scalable across large, heterogeneous networks, be QoS-aware to implement appropriate Service Level Agreements (SLAs) between networks, and will take into account appropriate COMSEC considerations. We also propose a control architecture to reduce congestion for the entire network. In Phase 1, we will complete a requirements analysis of IDR for tactical wireless networks, propose an IDR solution and quantitatively evaluate different architecture choices to isolate a proposed architecture for a flexible and scalable IDR solution that can be smoothly transitioned to WIN-T and FCS programs.

AIMS, INC.
6213 Executive Boulevard
Rockville, MD 20852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 468-5541
Mr. Senni Perumal
Army 06-126      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:An Integrated Operational Design Methodology and Toolset for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:An innovative methodology for the integrated, systematic and model-based design of mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) is proposed based on a practical operational view of a MANET. It combines practical abstractions and models of the key components of a MANET, multi-criteria optimization for tradeoff analysis, and recent results on the capacity region of a MANET and distributed differential backpressure algorithms for sustaining stable operation of a MANET. Time varying traffic demands, network conditions and topologies are accommodated within the proposed methodology. Dynamic placement algorithms of nodes to improve performance and connectivity, including UAVs, are also proposed. The methodology leads to the development of novel and powerful software environments and toolsets for the design of MANET to meet specifications and provides predictable performance bounds. During Phase I the feasibility of the approach will be demonstrated and an initial implementation of design tools in a MATLAB environment will be completed.

HITTITE MICROWAVE CORP.
20 Alpha Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 590-1112
Mr. Christopher Hay
Army 06-127      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Dual-Band (X/Ka), Electronically Scanned Antenna (ESA) for On-The-Move (OTM) SATCOM (9723)
Abstract:Hittite proposes to develop dual-band (X/Ka) ESAs for OTM SATCOM with the new Wideband Gapfiller Systems (WGS). The basic building block of the 24" by 24" ESA will be a small, wideband 64-element ESA tile. The complete antenna will be able to radiate 328 W with an EIRP of 60 dBW at X-Band and 72 dBW at Ka-band, and receive with a G/T of 6.7 dB/K at X-Band and 14.8 dB/K at Ka-band. Element size and spacing ensures >70 scan angles at all frequencies. Corporate feed networks connect individual element sites to a single input and output connector. Every antenna element site comprises a redundant transmit amplifier, low-noise amplifier, independent transmit and receive phase shifters, filters, and a wide bandwidth radiating element. All transmit, receive, and beam forming functions are realized on each 1.5" x 1.5" tile cut from 8" (200 mm) SiGe wafers. Signal distribution networks (corporate feeds) and antenna elements will be added to the tile with established technology. The resulting ESA will be compact, rugged, and low-cost in production. The Phase I effort will focus on the preliminary design of a dual-band (X/Ka) ESA tile for OTM SATCOM. Critical technology will be developed and demonstrated in Phase II leading to the complete antenna system development in Phase III.

MCQ, INC.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Barry M. Jones
Army 06-128      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:G-Hardened Radio Hardware Technology
Abstract:The proposed SBIR will develop a shock hardened self forming ad hoc mesh network radio that will support remote sensors and that is capable of being fired from a 40mm grenade or mortar launcher or machine gun. The radio will be extremely low power and low cost to enable long operation times and high volume production at realistic budgets. McQ has defined a design approach for a Phase I program that will develop and refine the technical concepts based upon our existing hardware and firmware. McQ has over 12 years of experience with the design and development of shock hardened electronic sensors and radios for gun launched and unretarded air deployment operations. During Phase I we will use our existing mesh network radios as the experimental basis for a demonstration of the sensor network functionality in six months. These radios use commercially available components and have proven communications performance. They also already meet the size and weight constraints for the final design. Also during Phase I we will present the design approach for a SBIR Phase II effort that achieves energy consumption performance goals as well as the plan for the delivery of a moderate volume (100+) of sensor nodes suitable for a practical deployment. Using engineering and manufacturing techniques that are currently being used with our miniature disposable iScout(TM) sensor system, we will develop and manufacture a quantity of these G-hardened nodes and demonstrate them in the Phase II effort.

WELKIN SCIENCES, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
Dr. Todd Reinking
Army 06-129      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Programmable Waveform-Independent Digital Processor for Digital-RF Satellite Communications
Abstract:Welkin Sciences proposes to build and deliver the Configurable Basestation Processor (CBP), an EBEM-compatible digital signal processing subsystem tailored for "firmware modem" applications. The CBP design is a special configuration of our existing COMLNK Hardware Platform (CHP), an FPGA-based rapid prototyping system used to develop strategic military transceivers. Both the CBP and the CHP exploit "software modem" concepts formulated over two decades of high-fidelity digital transceiver emulation work funded by the Defense Nuclear Agency, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Missile Defense Agency. The CHP has an FPGA-based direct IF signal converter with ADCs and DACs running at a 500 Msps rate. This firmware will be reused and adapted for the CBP to synthesize (and capture) the digital signal streams passing into (and out of) the cryogenic direct RF converter currently being developed under CECOM sponsorship. The CBP firmware will also implement all pertinent digital EBEM transceiver signal and data processing: waveform generation functions (e.g., error correction encoding, modulation); and receiver baseband signal processing functions (e.g., carrier acquisition, frequency tracking, bit synchronization, demodulation) and post-detection receiver functions (e.g., frame synchronization, error correction decoding). The CBP design will also include a specialized digital interface to the cryogenic direct conversion electronics.

ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ms. Deborah K. Charan
Army 06-131      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:MANET Design Assistant Tool (MDAT)
Abstract:To optimize the effective performance of a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) for a mission, i.e., its mission performance effectiveness (MPE), a network planner has to make a judicious selection of several network design parameters. This task is well beyond the capability of even a subject matter expert in network protocols. What is needed therefore is an automated tool that will assist the network planner in selecting the values of the MANET design parameters that will optimize the MPE of the network for a specified mission environment. Since no such tool currently exists, a network planner typically employs an ad hoc design methodology relying on the use of default values for protocol parameters. This often results in poor performance of the MANET. To address this capability gap in MANET design tools, this SBIR effort will develop the MANET Design Assistant Tool (MDAT) that will enable a network planner to arrive at a performance optimal design of a MANET for a specified mission operating environment. The Phase I effort will establish the implementation feasibility of MDAT. A pre-production prototype of the tool will be built in a follow-on Phase II effort.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Ms. Francesca Scire-Scappuzzo
Army 06-132      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:3-D EBG Structures with Carbon Nanotube Composites for Advanced Conformal Antennas
Abstract:In this SBIR Army project Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to model, demonstrate, fabricate, and test a new EBG structure designed to enhance the performance of conformal antennas thanks to its intrinsic 3D geometry suitable to curved surfaces. To further improve the antenna performance a new carbon nanotube composite, proven to act as a microwave absorbing material, will be layered in the EBG structure in strategic locations.

MAXENTRIC TECHNOLOGIES LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Mr. Houman Ghajari
Army 06-133      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Multi-Mode Acoustic/Radio Frequency (RF) Techniques for Sensor Node Localization and Building Characterization
Abstract:MaXentric's Advanced Mapping and Positioning System (AMPS) uses sensor fusion to perform terrain recognition. Knowledge of terrain is crucial information for both human and robotic systems, as ability exert actions on the environment depends on being able to navigate through it. AMPS serves as additional "eyes and ears" for humans when they explore environments where time, resources, or safety limitations preclude careful observation of the environment. This ability to augment both human and robotic sensing is highly valuable for both Department of Defense and Commercial market needs. In the DOD market, AMPS can reduce uncertainties about the enemy and the battlefield environment and enable advanced functionality such as autonomous surveillance and intelligent movement to support mobile ad-hoc networks. In the commercial market, AMPS is an invaluable asset for realizing location based mobile services such as robotic assistance in emergency response for earthquakes, fires, and mine rescues; interactive Homes/Offices, where electronics self-position and detect functionality based on neighboring devices; and robotic Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) for intelligent collaborative behavior.

SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS, INC.
55 Middlesex street, Unit 210
North Chelmsford, MA 01863
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 251-4554
Dr. Steven Watchorn
Army 06-134      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:SHIELDS -- A Spatial Heterodyne Interferometer for Emergent Line Discrimination Spectroscopy
Abstract:This proposal advocates the development of the Spatial Heterodyne Interferometer for Emergent Line Discrimination Spectroscopy (SHIELDS), a camcorder-sized spectrometer unit which detects chemical, biological, and radiological contaminants using Fraunhofer Line Discrimination. Rapid detection of contaminants is a vital part of battlespace terrain reasoning and awareness. The Spatial Heterodyne Spectrometer (SHS) at the heart of SHIELDS combines the high resolution and throughput of conventional interferometers with the robustness of grating spectrometers, making SHIELDS the ideal instrument for this application. SHIELDS easily attains the 0.2-Å resolution required to assuredly detect the Fraunhofer lines in question (the prototype will be designed for the sodium doublet at 589 nm). It also much more robust than conventional interferometers (Michelson, Fabry-Perot), which require scanning mechanisms to work at their full resolving power. It is thus much more robust, especially in the monolithic configuration used in SHIELDS, where the interferometer's main optical elements are fused into a single block. The SHIELDS unit will detect contaminants in real time (at least 30 measurements per second) at sensitivities 100 times higher than what standard grating spectrometers can achieve. It will also detect simultaneous reference frames, for immediate calculation and detection of contaminants.

BKF SYSTEMS
2380 Emerick Rd.
Cle Elum, WA 98922
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 857-2500
Dr. Boris Kovalerchuk
Army 06-135      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:METHODOLOGY AND TOOLS FOR ALIGNING VECTOR AND IMAGE DATA
Abstract:This research addresses the rising critical need for automated conflation of vector/raster data as more and more high resolution data are collected for updates/improvement of graphic products employed in various mission areas of the Army and other user communities. Our conflation methodology derives from the integration of two well-established conflation approaches, and is developed with a preliminary software design in Phase I. Successful testing using Government data will be followed with a Phase II effort wherein we will complete the conflation system design and produce a prototype ready for deployment as a commercial product. Our approach starts with a deep scientific understanding of the complexities/challenges that characterize the conflation problem. We attack the misalignment issues of nonlinearity, disparate scales, uncontrolled noise, etc., on a first principles basis using rigorous mathematics rather than empirical trail and error adjustments that basically distribute the misalignment rather than attack fundamental causes. In developing our integrated methodology, we will establish the synergism achieved by combining two approaches: use of algebraic algorithms and similarity transformation of local features. We establish three fundamental research hypotheses about these complementing approaches, which will be tested and evaluated in order to provide a technical roadmap toward the optimal conflation solution.

LASER-SCAN, INC.
45635 Willow Pond Plaza
Sterling, VA 20164
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 709-9306
Mr. Mike Mathews
Army 06-136      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Three Dimensional (3D) Topology Builder
Abstract:While highly accurate 3D geospatial data is increasingly available, today's commercial products do not incorporate the complex 3D data models and computational capabilities necessary to support geospatial data analysis required by mission planners and warfighters. Without these capabilities, the Future Combat Systems (FCS) vision of fielding a "Future Force" this decade cannot be fully realized. The prototype will demonstrate the feasibility of an ISO 19107 compliant 3D data model incorporating 3D topology and 3D geometry operators as extensions to a commercially available relational database management system (RDBMS). With a topology builder, the user will be able to build, validate, edit, query and display volumetric 3D topology and geometry, incorporating and maintaining data from a range of sources. Implementation of these capabilities in an RDMBS will set a new standard for the industry and spur development of a range of client applications.

CG2, INC.
1525 Perimeter Parkway, Suite 325
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 737-8800
Ms. Sandra Vaquerizo
Army 06-137      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Enabling Cross-Domain Exploitation of a Common Geospatial Database
Abstract:Our goal is to create a cross-domain geospatial database system that can fully retain and rapidly access the data required for a wide range of applications, from multi-band visualization to constructive simulation. It will preserve the highest fidelity of the source data in the most versatile, application-neutral format. There will be an expandable definition for each data element, where the object can be attributed with information from other domains on import or over time. The system will provide export utilities capable of scaling the requested gaming area within the constraints of the target system, whether main-frame or man-wearable. It will support rapid delivery of data through compressed data streaming, as required. Data evolution through registra-tion, change detection, merging, versioning, and archival, will be automated.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. Timothy Lowe
Army 06-138      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Color-Indicating Anti-Biological Warfare Agent Coatings
Abstract:A multi-functional system for use on walls and ceilings is to be developed. The system employs shortened, end-modified single-wall carbon nanotubes as vesicles for potent fullerene-based biocides that incorporate a colored dye, pigment or fluorescent indicator function. The system is to be applied to wall surfaces, and remain dormant until a biological threat comes in contact with the surface. For purposes of the Phase I endeavor, models that mimic common biological warfare agents (BWA) will be used to test the system. Monoclonal antibodies, quaternary amine groups or other moieties on the modified nanotube vesicles will under specific interactions with the BWA mimics, opening the nanotube and exposing the biocide and color agent inside. Upon completion of the decontamination phase of operation, the color agent is designed to decompose, indicating the end of the threat. It is also planned that different colors will be generated in response to different classes of BWA. Incorporation of the system into appropriate polymer-based coatings will allow the application to many common surfaces. The strength of the project rests on the collaboration of Materials and Electrochemical Research (MER) Corporation, with extensive nanotechnology experience and Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute (LRRI), which is highly respected for its biological testing expertise and facilities.

NEXTECH MATERIALS, LTD.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Lewis Center, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Dr. Scott L. Swartz
Army 06-139      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Hydrogen Reformation of Renewable Ethanol for Military Applications
Abstract:The U.S. military requires a reliable fuel supply and efficient power generation technologies, and ideally one that does not require importing of oil from politically unstable regions of the world. Fuel cell power generation from hydrogen is an attractive option, especially if the hydrogen is prepared from renewable resources. E85 is a renewable fuel blend of 85 percent ethanol (produced from corn) and 15 percent gasoline. To produce hydrogen, the E85 fuel must be reacted (reformed) with steam and/or oxygen to produce a hydrogen-rich gas mixture that can be purified and collected. The challenges associated with this process are that E-85 fuel contains two complex hydrocarbons, as well as sulfur that is a poison to most reforming catalysts. The demonstration of a suitable reforming catalyst and process is a critical step toward demonstrating hydrogen production from E85 fuel. In this SBIR project, NexTech Materials will develop hydrogen reformation technology E85 fuel. The primary focus areas of work in Phase I will be to demonstrate performance and longevity of previously established catalysts for steam reforming of E85 fuel. In Phase II, a prototype hydrogen production system for E85 fuel will be demonstrated using the reforming process established in Phase I.

PRECISION COMBUSTION, INC.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Dr. Tianli Zhu
Army 06-139      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Hydrogen Reformation of Renewable Ethanol for Military Applications
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel and long-lived sulfur tolerant catalyst for auto thermal reforming (ATR) of E85 fuel. The proposed technology builds on PCI's ultra-compact, high efficiency, sulfur-tolerant Microlithr reforming catalysts under development for other fuels in other DoD programs, adding advanced catalyst development for E85 operation to improve long-term stability and H2 yield. The development in the Phase I program will be applied in Phase 2 to develop and produce a prototype E85 fuel ATR reformer and validate the expected effective lifetime of 40,000 hours with acceptable degradation levels.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Dr. Roger Xu
Army 06-140      Awarded: 26OCT06
Title:Two-Level Power Management System
Abstract:Tactical power grids or base camps power grids are designed to meet today's sophisticated electric power needs of modern soldiers and weaponry. Frequent low load ratio in these systems leads to power inefficiency. Also, the fact that energy demand may have spikes makes necessary the existence of a load shedding and demand management for increased power grid reliability. In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and Georgia Institute of Technology propose to develop an inexpensive intelligent control system for tactical power grids. The proposed system will be portable, highly reliable by virtue of its distributed nature and capable of managing efficient utilization of energy sources and maximizing the reliability of the power supply. In the proposed system, power management is conducted at two levels, grid level and load center level, in a distributed fashion using a high fidelity system model. The overall approach it can match and manage both power demand and energy demand with the grid generation. Moreover, a neural net based load profiles prediction tool is proposed in the assistance of the load shedding and demand management. Therefore, the proposed approach will naturally lead to more reliable and efficient power and energy delivery systems.

INTELLIGENT POWER & ENERGY RESEARCH CORP.
PO Box 616
Fort Montgomery, NY 10922
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 781-0023
Dr. Darrell D. Massie
Army 06-140      Awarded: 30OCT06
Title:Intelligent Tactical Electric Grid Control
Abstract:The Intelligent Power Controller (IPC) will enable Tactical Electric Grids to operate with greater availability of power to critical loads and higher utilization of limited power generation capacity. Using a priority load assignment, the electrical demand can be managed through appropriate load shedding. Any available additional generating resource will be dispatched according to the current loads or even to near-term expected loads. COTS-based technology will enable the development of a low cost system. This effort will analyze power demand in current tactical power networks and propose appropriate control strategies. Example power systems will be modeled and the benefits of the different proposed control strategies will be quantified. This effort will examine the practical implementation of such control systems by examining available COTS hardware and will investigate the case where the power grid may be called upon to interact with utility grids, presenting issues both technical and legislative.

MILLENWORKS
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5501
Dr. Eric Anderfaas
Army 06-141      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Monitoring Tire-Soil Interaction
Abstract:The Goal of this Phase I effort will be to determine the feasibility of an integrated tire and tire / soil interface monitoring system based on an inexpensive, high performance piezoelectric wheel mounted sensor to improve vehicle effectiveness in conjunction with CTIS and vehicle stability control/traction control/ABS systems. In addition, it will be determined if this advanced tire monitoring system can be used for tire prognostics to predict eminent tire failure, required replacement or limit tire operating conditions such as vehicle speed or tire pressure.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Alexander Berk
Army 06-142      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Detection of Vehicle Type and Buried IED's Through Remote Sensing
Abstract:Infrared (IR) imagery has considerable potential for identification of buried improvised explosive devices and tracks from military vehicles. A strong correlation exists between the IR spectra of soil and vegetation, their physical state, and how they are disturbed. Wavelength regions of interest include the long-wave (8-14 micrometer), mid-wave (3-8 micrometer) and short-wave (2-3 micrometer). Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes an R&D program to quantify the at-sensor spectral/spatial signatures of disturbed earth under varying environmental conditions, starting with a modeling effort in Phase I and leading to the assembly of a multispectral imaging system for performing further measurements in Phase II. To determine the feasibility of proposed algorithms and system concepts, we will build a software tool, Testbed for Remote-sensing Exploitation and Analysis of Disturbed Soils, which starts from measured surface properties and calculates at-sensor signal levels from first principles radiative transport physics. Using these data, algorithms will be developed to optimally enhance the contrast of the disturbance signature relative to background clutter due to temperature or emissivity differences. The Phase I results will guide the conceptual design for a Phase II sensor (e.g., a version of SSI's Adaptive Spectrometer).

THERMOANALYTICS, INC.
23440 Airpark Blvd, P.O. Box 66
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 391-8227
Dr. David M. Less
Army 06-142      Awarded: 28OCT06
Title:Thermal Vehicle Track and Buried IED Detection
Abstract:ThermoAnalytics Inc and KRC propose to develop innovative techniques to locate buried mines and IEDs and to identify vehicles by their tracks left in soil using infrared spectroscopic systems. When an activity such as mine burial or vehicle passage disturbs the ground surface, soil properties and vegetation are altered in measurable and identifiable ways. The IR radiance from the soil can be correlated to localized redistributions in soil density, quartz content, porosity, grain size, surface texture, and moisture content. Through modeling and testing, we will identify correlations between the thermal radiance, physical changes of the soil, and the load and method that disturbed the soil. A remote sensing strategy that discriminates changes in spectral observations of these disturbances will provide information of great benefit to de-mining operations and military planners. We will create a model that will predict thermal IR radiance given the conditions of a mine burial or the axle load and track or wheel pattern of a vehicle. ThermoAnalytics will base the model on the physics of soil mechanics by relating surface disturbances with changes in the thermophysical and optical properties of soil.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Dr. Mark Snyder
Army 06-143      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Long-Term Durability Prediction for FRP Composite Materials
Abstract:KaZaK proposes to investigate the feasibility of extending a recently-developed methodology for CFRP and GFRP static strength, creep and fatigue life predictions to include the combined effects of temperature, moisture, and other environmental factors. The methodology exploits the use of a well-established physical principle of polymer material behavior in conjunction with a new and rational failure theory. The failure theory incorporates the mechanical properties of the fiber and matrix, as well as the micromechanics of their interaction. Four different failure parameters are required for its implementation. Material parameters are obtained from an accelerated set of creep and fatigue tests on simple uni-ply coupons. The number of required coupons is greatly reduced as compared to aerospace design practices. The methodology yields a set of re-usable "master curves" to predict the durability of arbitrary laminates and structures under a range of environmental conditions. Phase I efforts will involve (1) extension of the durability methodology to include degradation behavior and environmental conditions of importance to the Army; (2) establishing the test matrix for an extensive Phase II laboratory and field verification; (3) establishing the requirements for a software tool that implements the methodology; and (4) developing a commercialization plan for the software.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division, 20600 Gramercy Place, B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Pauline Paki Amouzou
Army 06-145      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Handheld Highly Sensitive Explosives, Chemical Agent, and Radiation Detector
Abstract:To address the Army need for a reliable, handheld, sensing device that can simultaneously detect and localize explosives, chemical agents, and radiological material, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new ultrasensitive handheld Explosives, Chemical Agent, and Radiation (ECAR) detector. This proposed device incorporates a sensor for gamma radiation as well as a sensor for explosives and chemical warfare agents based on the high affinity of explosives and chemical agents to low electron energy. The latter sensor discriminates among interferents and generates negative ion signatures of explosives and nerve agents, which are then identified by mass spectrometry. The device will offer real-time and simultaneous detection of all three types of threats with no sample preparation, and will have a sensitivity of at least parts-per-quadrillion (ppq). The compactness and ruggedness of the ECAR device make it suitable for field use without extra equipment. In Phase I POC will demonstrate ECAR feasibility by designing and fabricating a working ECAR prototype system and testing its capability to simultaneously detect explosives, nerve agent simulants, and radiological material. In Phase II POC will further optimize ECAR and develop a handheld unit that will be tested in real-world scenarios.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5250
Dr. Leonard Haynes
Army 06-146      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Robust Track Association and Fusion with Extended Feature Matching
Abstract:We propose a highly innovative agent based robust distributed data fusion architecture and algorithm that incorporates target features and attributes including extended feature points via junction matching. There are several innovative components in our approach: 1) our robust fusion architecture and algorithm consider target recognition and tracking jointly with a general class of target signatures including extended feature points. The fusion algorithm is also applicable to hierarchical and hybrid tracking configurations. The data to be processed and fused can be of different types, such as, raw feature measurements, local tracks, processed measurements such as target IDs. 2) Our data fusion algorithms explicitly account for the uncertainty of measurement and/or track origins due to the lack of true target identity in the sensor reports or local tracks. The hypothesis testing procedure to combine sensor/source data into tracks directly incorporates target features and attributes as well as target classification outputs from local data processors. It extends the multiple hypotheses tracking framework with efficient multi-frame data association algorithm to provide close-to-the-best measurement/track-to-target correspondences. 3) Our data fusion architecture considers extended feature points of an object in the feature space and allows the feature matching with rigid body constraints.

VECTRAXX
12131 Howards Mill Road
Glen Allen, VA 23059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(804) 749-8750
Mr. Darin Dunham
Army 06-146      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Association of Target Features and Attributes
Abstract:Producing SIAP requires correct processing at a number of steps. In the ideal scenario, each sensor in the network produces pure tracks. Then, each sensor reports its local tracks and measurements to other sensor platforms, where SIAP will be achieved. To avoid redundant tracks, the distributed network-level processors conduct measurement-to-track associations. A number of challenges may prevent SIAP from occurring. For example, if the environment contains closely spaced targets or is rich in false alarms, producing pure sensor-level tracks may be difficult. Measurement-to-track association at the network level is also quite challenging under such circumstances. Reliable methods are available for fusing kinematic track states and covariances, but little research has been done on the subject of fusing track and measurement features such as RCS. The work proposed here attempts to address these concerns. First, we will investigate frequency-diverse waveforms that will prove beneficial in feature-aided tracking in a decentralized, distributed sensor environment. Furthermore, we will investigate the feasibility of using lower frequency radars to extract RCS measurements that are beneficial. As part of this effort, we will be developing a RCS estimator. Finally, we will demonstrate the feasibility of our approach in the IAMD Benchmark.

CYBERRND, INC.
10705 Cranks Road
Culver City, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 838-5300
Dr. Oliver E. Drummond
Army 06-147      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Association of Critical, Infrequent Data
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I project is to demonstrate the feasibility for enhancing fusion target tracking with data from multiple, distributed sensors by improving the processing of measurement that will be called special data. Special data is measurement data that is critical (vitally useful information) but occur infrequently, such as provided by some sensors in air targets. For example, they may include only 1-D or 2-D position information, such as, angle only data or one angle plus range data. If the special data is kinematic information, it might be measurements from an IR sensor (with a large field of regard) that provides infrequent but very accurate angle only position (2-D) data. The time between arrivals of special data from a specific sensor might be fractions of an hour rather than a typical sensor that is factions of a minute. Thus, traditional processing would lead to misassociations of special data that would substantially degrade performance of fusion tracks, processed features. Even advanced fusion processors that employ current multiple-frame data association methods, such as multiple hypothesis trackers, might be too computation intensive if adjusted to accommodate the interval between the occurrences of the special data.

NUMERICA CORP.
PO Box 271246
Ft. Collins, CO 80527
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 413-8343
Dr. Benjamin Slocumb
Army 06-147      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Association of Critical, Infrequent Data for Network-Centric Multiple Frame Association for Distributed Multiple Target Tracking
Abstract:The ability to detect, assess and resolve ambiguity in the measurement- or feature/attribute-to-track association process is fundamental to the success of correct fusion of information and to the robustness of combat identification algorithms that depend on the correctness of this association process. To address these issues, Numerica proposes a program based on the detection of short term ambiguity and the use of a Bayesian network tracking data base (BNTD) that makes use of infrequent or very late data to resolve the association uncertainty in support of combat identification. Bayesian network methods are also used to store, retrieve, query, and modify the database to support long-term ambiguity assessment and resolution. The overall objective of this proposed Phase I effort is to demonstrate a proof of concept for using critical but infrequent or very late data to resolve track and combat identification ambiguity in decentralized, distributed MHT/MFA tracking environment. Implied in this objective is the subordinate issue of the construction of proper frames of data on which the association ambiguity rests.

ADVANCED CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS, INC.
7615 Golden Triangle Drive Suite A
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 986-3917
Dr. Keith Lurie
Army 06-150      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Inspiratory Impedance as a Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:Traumatic head and neck injuries account for 16-33% of all war-related injuries and are a leading cause of mortality upon evacuation to a definitive care setting. This application is focused on treating one of the most important determinants of outcome from severe head injury, the degree and duration of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). The main objective of this proposal is to continue the development of the inspiratory impedance threshold device (ITD); an operationally useful and effective device initially designed to counteract the effects of severe hypotension after the development of hemorrhagic shock, heat shock, and dehydration. New research has discovered that the ITD has a marked effect on reducing ICP. When ICPs are decreased in spontaneously breathing patients during inspiration through an ITD or when using a modified ITD called an intrathoracic pressure regulator (ITPR) in non-breathing patients, the small vacuum created in the thorax enhances venous return to the heart thereby enhancing cardiac output and decreasing ICP. The successful development and deployment of a new device designed to immediately decrease elevated ICP or prevent the onset of elevated ICP following traumatic brain injury is an important advance in treating battlefield casualties, a major cause of death for American soldiers.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Dr. Anna Galea
Army 06-151      Awarded: 11NOV06
Title:Non-invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure
Abstract:Intracranial pressure, ICP, is arguably the single most important parameter used clinically to manage brain injury and long-term brain damage. Existing methods to record ICP are invasive, however, either going through the skull or into a brain ventricle. Many researchers are currently exploring methods for monitoring ICP through non-invasive means. Our work combines two highly promising methods, both backed by clinical research performed by our teaming partners, and combine them into a single device that will lead to the definitive non-invasive device for monitoring ICP in far-field use. Our device incorporates ophthalmodynamometry and arterial phase lag monitoring into a single, compact unit safe for continuous automated use. We present innovations in ophthalmodynamometry that enable this leap to continuous use as well as image analysis that can rapidly analyze the retinal images and data integration to provide feedback from multiple sensors. Our device will enable monitoring of ICP on all patients with suspected brain injury, which will benefit the military as well as civilian health providers, from EMTs and paramedics to nurses and doctors in central hospitals.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Mr. R. Daniel Ferguson
Army 06-151      Awarded: 11NOV06
Title:Advanced, Field-deployable Hybrid Imaging Ophthalmodynamometry System
Abstract:Noninvasive measurement of the intracranial pressure (ICP) would be a valuable addition to combat casualty care. Recent studies have shown that approximately 60% of military casualties in Iraq sustain some level of brain injury. These brain injuries range from mild to traumatic, and ICP is an indicator of the severity of injury, and near-term prognosis for acute morbidity. Efficient triage is hindered by the lack of prompt, reliable, and potentially life-saving ICP diagnostics which could indicate whether a surgical intervention is urgently required. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a technology that will allow for rapid and reliable ICP measurements. This technology will be based high speed retinal imaging combined with ophthalmodynamometery (ODM). In Phase I, a hybrid Line scanning laser Ophthalmoscope/Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SLO/SDOCT) imager device will be integrated with a novel ODM interface and tested on phantom models to demonstrate feasibility. A complete design of a portable instrument will be performed as well. A clinical testing protocol to validate ICP determination will be developed as well as apart of the Phase I option. In Phase II the compact hybrid imager will be built and tested on patients.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Dr. Fengying Shi
Army 06-152      Awarded: 01DEC06
Title:An Insecticide Matrix for Sand Fly and Mosquito Control in Severe Environments(1000-961)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc. proposes to develop an insecticide system that will remain effective for an extended period time after application, even under harsh environmental conditions, to control mosquitoes and sand flies. The proposed insecticide system will release insecticidal compounds at a controlled rate, exhibit a good residual property, kill larvae and adult insects, be stable under intense sunlight and high temperature conditions, and be safe to handle. It can be applied using standard pest control equipment.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-7130
Dr. Srivatsa Venkatasubbarao
Army 06-153      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Field Portable Device for Brain Injury Diagnosis
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause neuronal hyperactivity, and subsequent neuronal loss leading to cognitive deficits, and impaired memory, judgment, and perception. When TBI occurs, a cascade of biomolecular events take place, and some biomolecules present in the brain are released into circulation. These biomolecules released into the blood are potential biomarkers of TBI. This proposal describes the development of a field-usable, handheld, diagnostic device to quantitatively measure multiple biomarkers to diagnose TBI. In the proposed test format, sample is applied on the test strip, and the biomarkers present in the sample will interact with the reagents on the test strip resulting in quantifiable signals. These signals are measured using a handheld, portable optical reader. In Phase I, we will develop the multiplexed test strips, and evaluate their suitability for TBI diagnosis. In Phase II, we will optimize the test strips and validate the test strips. The successful completion of the objectives of this project will result in a device suitable for use by military personnel in battlefield conditions to rapidly diagnose TBI. The proposed diagnostic device will be especially valuable in combat operations. It could potentially save lives, reduce recovery time, and improve the effectiveness of brain injury treatment.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Rodrigo Teixeira
Army 06-154      Awarded: 01DEC06
Title:Pharmacological Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
Abstract:Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a tremendous burden to the military. The sense of hearing is not only considered the most important survival sense for both the soldier, the monetary cost of NIHL amounts to approximately $1 billion per year in disability payments. We propose a hybrid computer model integrating an anatomicaly acurate three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model of the middle and inner ears and a whole-body physiologically-based pharmacokinetics (PBPK) model. The whole-body PBPK model consists of organ compartmental models interconnected by major blood vessels. Because our approach is physiologically-based, animal (chinchilla) data can be used for calibration and prediction of human pharmacokinetics (PK). As the drug is metabolized and excreted by the organ models, systemic circulation carying the drug perfuses the middle and inner ears via the anatomically relevant blood vessels. The drug then diffuses throughout the cochlea as it partitions into the different cochlear tissue and lymph spaces, while simultaneously being cleared via metabolism and venous return routes. With this experimentally validated approach we can predict not only cochlear spatiotemporal drug distributions, but, with the same model, simulate systemic or local drug delivery methods.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Mr. Richard Murray
Army 06-155      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Automated Laser Debridement System for Cutaneous Injuries
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is the development of an automated system that will scan large areas of a casualty's body that are in need of wound debridement following a skin injury, and perform the debridement. The system uses an Er-YAG (erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser technology for debridement. The system allows the attending physician to program the instrument to debride specific areas of the damaged tissue. Following a process of skin surface scanning, the physician interactively circumscribes the treatment areas on a video screen and enters the operating parameters of the laser. The system will then quickly and automatically perform the debridement. The system is provided with several layers of safety protection. In addition to the treatment of thermal and chemical wound, the developed system will have numerous other applications, including for the treatment leg ulcers (e.g., venous stasis ulcers, pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers), penetrating injuries to the skin that may require frequent debridement to help these wounds to heal, and for various laser procedures in dermatology.

METSS CORP.
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Dr. R. Kroshefsky
Army 06-156      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Long-lasting Insecticide-impregnated Bed Net
Abstract:Under the current SBIR program, the DoD is interested in the development of an initial prototype insect bednet that is durable and lightweight, can be erected quickly and easily, will accommodate a standard Army cot allowing a soldier to comfortably sit on top of the cot, has a zippered opening and self-contained flooring, and, using an EPA-approved insecticide, maintains its insecticidal activity for at least 5 years without retreatment. In the Phase I basic program, METSS will first identify materials, methods and constructions (including commercial products) needed to develop effective insecticidal barriers that provide adequate ventilation characteristics. Longevity testing will explore retention of barrier insecticidal properties. A prototype bednet design will be evaluated against the stated program requirements. In an Option Phase, the physical characteristics of the selected barriers will be further quantified and accelerated aging will be used to evaluate long-term property retention. Finally, the bednet design will be refined to produce a prototype that could be utilized in a Phase II program.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Dr. Fengying Shi
Army 06-156      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Long-lasting Insecticide-impregnated Bednets(1000-950)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc. proposes to develop a long lasting insecticide-treated bednet (LLITN) with high insecticidal efficacy, long lasting residual property, UV-resistance, lightweight, durability, and ease of assembly. The proposed LLITN will be able to repel, block, and kill mosquitoes, sandflies, and crawling pests to protect soldiers from biting insects in dessert climate region. The design of the bednet makes it free standing, fully enclosed, and light-weighted.

CATALYTIC DEVICES INTERNATIONAL LLC
7063 Commerce Circle, Suite E
Pleasanton, CA 94588
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 460-3860
Mr. Clifford Welles
Army 06-157      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Liquid-Fueled Catalytic Heater for Infusion Fluids
Abstract:Injuries requiring infused fluid resuscitation often dictate a commensurate need of maintaining fluid temperatures within a narrow range. One method of addressing the issue is with regulated joule heating (i.e., electrical resistance heating). Where access to the power grid is limited or unavailable, regulated heat energy, necessary to achieve acceptable fluid temperatures and infusion rates, is currently achieved with batteries having well known limitations, including relatively low gravimetric and volumetric energy and power densities and often with a restricted shelf life. CDI's expertise and proprietary catalytic heat source technologies overcome past limitations of conventional portable heat technologies precluding the need for joule heating. The challenge addressed in this proposal will be to develop a complete portable catalytic infusion warmer, operating from either alcohol or logistic fuels, having a total dry weight of 1 pound or less, with regulated "on-demand" heat power up to 300 watts, and a liquid fuel shelf life greater than five years, offering turn-key operation and having comparable or lower cost than current solution. Starting with CDI's advanced form of flameless catalytic heat (AFCT), which is inherently well regulated, lightweight and compact, AFCT will be adapted to the special needs of emergency portable medical applications to achieve these substantially improved features.

CUBE TECHNOLOGY
820 W. Warner Rd., Suite 123
Chandler, AZ 85225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 497-8400
Dr. Daniel Scott Marshall
Army 06-157      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Liquid-Fueled Catalytic Heater for Infusion Fluids
Abstract:CUBE Technology has created an extremely compact and efficient catalytic combustor dubbed a Nano-Furnace. These Nano-Furnaces have demonstrated an unprecedented operating range and have operated on fuels from hydrogen to butane to JP-8. This catalytic combustor will be the core of the infusion fluid warmer. This combustor is fast-starting and delivers its heat gently, via radiation and convection. The heat will be used to heat a metal susceptor with both an infusion fluid heat transfer system and an air cooling system to control the temperature rise of the infusion fluids. In addition, this system could incorporate a small power converter between the Nano-Furnace and the susceptor to make it self-powered after a short start-up time and even re-charge the start-up battery during operation.

INBIOS INTERNATIONAL
562 Ist Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Dr. William John Woodroofe MORROW
Army 06-158      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:A Multiplexed Point-of-Care Assay for the Detection of Enteric Pathogens that Cause Severe Diarrhea in Deployed Soldiers
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field-grade, screening assay for the detection of severe diarrheal disease-causing pathogens including E. coli O157, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Campylobacter spp., Noroviruses, and Rotaviruses. The test will utilize lateral flow (dipstick) chromatography incorporated into a unique, multiplex cassette that enables the simultaneous screening of multiple analytes. The proposed immunochromatographic assay would be a very useful rapid screening test to assess individuals presenting with diarrhea of likely infectious etiology. In this Phase 1 study we shall evaluate the ability of a panel of antibodies, with specificity for the families of enteric pathogens listed above, to function as the basis of an antigen-capture detection system. We will then construct prototype assays that will be evaluated against samples from individuals with confirmed infections. Further development of the assay would take place in a Phase 2 proposal.

NANO SCIENCE DIAGNOSTICS, INC.
10520 Canyon Vista Way
Austin, TX 78726
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 873-9620
Dr. Sulatha Dwarakanath
Army 06-158      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Multiplexed Immunomagnetic-Quantum Dot Rapid Tests for Enteric Pathogens
Abstract:Enteric pathogen diagnostics for field use must be sensitive and fast, yet compact, robust, and facile with multiplex detection capability in complex matrices including feces. To address this challenge, NanoScience Diagnostics, Inc. (NSD) proposes to develop a set of immunomagnetic (antibody-magnetic bead) and antibody-quantum dot (QD) conjugate sandwich assays for the major enteric pathogens. This system will be able to capture, concentrate and purify enteric pathogens even in fecal matter by virtue of immunomagnetic separation. NSD has already demonstrated very sensitive antibody-QD fluorescence assays in neat buffers and concrete swabs (work done under the DOD contract No. W9132T-04-C-0030), which can now be enhanced by addition of antibody-magnetic bead concentration and purification of enteric pathogens. In Phase I, NSD will clearly demonstrate the feasibility of this approach in fecal matter for several pathogens or simulants. At the end of Phase II, NSD will deliver a working portable sensor and 200 prototype multiplexed assays to the Army for test and evaluation.

ANP TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
824 Interchange Boulevard
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 283-1730
Dr. Yli Vallejo
Army 06-159      Awarded: 01DEC06
Title:Rapid Detection of Acetylcholinesterase-Inhibiting Pesticides in Water Using a Handheld Assay and Reader
Abstract:We propose that a comparative colorimetric assay be developed that will use a ticket of the same dimensions as the current ANP immunoassay tickets. This will allow the AChE test to be conducted using a similar workflow as the lateral flow immunoassay-based HHAs and be similarly read on the ANP reader to yield an unambiguous result independent of user judgment.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Dr. Vladimir Gilman
Army 06-159      Awarded: 01DEC06
Title:Rapid Pesticide Detection by Acetylcholinesterase-Bacteriorhodopsin Conjugates
Abstract:United States military personnel are at constant risk of exposure to a vast array of chemical hazards. Acetylcholinesterase inhibiting pesticides (AChEIPs) represent a major subset of this risk. Provisions for force protection against AChEIPs must have sufficient sensitivity to provide the confidence needed to maintain mission-readiness. Although means of detecting the presence of AChEIPs in potable water in the forward arena do exist, no field-deployable means of confirming and estimating actual levels of these pesticides in water is readily available. In this Phase I SBIR program, Infoscitex proposes the development of an assay using Acetylcholinesterase-Bacteriorhodopsin Conjugates (ABCs) that will provide deployed personnel with the ability to assess organophosphate levels in water.

IMPERIUM, INC.
1738 Elton Rd., Suite 218
Silver Spring, MD 20903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 431-2911
Dr. Marvin Lasser
Army 06-160      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Portable High Resolution C-scan Ultrasound Camera for Diagnosis of Bone Fractures and Soft Tissue Injury
Abstract:In this project, Imperium Inc., together with Georgetown University Medical Center, propose to build a speckle-free, non-ionizing, high resolution C-scan ultrasound system for detection of small fractures and foreign objects in soft tissue. This `ultrasound camera', contrasts to B-mode ultrasonic devices which require extensive training to operate. The C-scan device is free of any distortion seen typically on conventional devices. With this device, a medic could quickly detect small bone fractures and foreign objects and quantify the depth in real time. It could be determined whether or not an injury with pain was a fracture and require evacuation or without a fracture could be treated locally. The images generated from the C-scan device are striking in their fluoroscopy-like appearance. Due to the use of a semiconductor imaging array, the ultrasound signals can be directly acquired without using a reconstruction algorithm. This array detects and converts the ultrasound to electronic signals, similar to a digital camera. Preliminary results using this device show improved capabilities over both x-ray and B-scan in finding foreign objects in soft tissue.

POCKETSONICS, INC.
3085 Beau Mont Farm Rd
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 431-9606
Dr. Karen Morgan
Army 06-160      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Pocket-sized C-scan Ultrasonic Imaging for Bone Fractures and Foreign Bodies in Tissue
Abstract:The goal of this program is to develop a portable C-Scan ultrasound system to investigate undisplaced bone fractures and contamination of wounds with foreign matter. The Sonic Window will be comparable in size to a mobile phone and is specifically designed to meet the needs of users with little or no experience in medical imaging at a fraction of the cost of currently available portable ultrasound systems. Our system will form C-Scan images (image plane parallel to skin surface) that are intuitive for novice users and display those images at the site of acquisition, allowing the user to see the image in the perspective of a clear `window' through the skin into the anatomy of interest. The Sonic Window is being realized by combining a low profile 2D array, custom integrated circuits, novel beamforming and image processing algorithms implemented on a commercial Digital Signal Processor, and a LCD display. In Phase I, development efforts will focus on improving image contrast with 2D spatial compounding, investigating multidimensional visualization techniques and designing a higher frequency system. Feasibility studies with in-vitro models will demonstrate that the current prototype is capable of imaging foreign bodies in soft tissue and bone fractures.

ENERGID TECHNOLOGIES
124 Mount Auburn Street, Suite 200 North
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 547-4100
Dr. John Hu
Army 06-161      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Smart Codec with Telesurgery Capability
Abstract:Energid proposes a telesurgery codec designed for streaming video/images, audio and haptic data with low latency and rapid adaptation to network bandwidth changes. The telesurgery system codec must a) reliably operate over a wide range of bandwidths and network configurations, b) rapidly adapt to abrupt changes in available network bandwidth, c) support haptics teleoperation in a bilateral master-slave teleroboic system, and d) minimize the impact of latency. No codec currently exists that meets all of these needs. Energid will evaluate state-of-the-art codec cores for application to telesurgery. We will add several capabilities to meet telesurgery system requirements. These include low-latency haptic feedback packed into the audio data channels; dynamic adjustment of encoder parameters in response to either network bandwidth changes or human-in-the-loop control from the decoder end; a separate video layer for high-priority adaptive area of interest; adaptive prioritization; and dynamic QoS per data stream. As part of the requirement, Energid will design a scalable video codec (SVC) layer that allows temporal, spatial, and quality scaling in response to network bandwidth changes or user-initiated re-prioritization of a video stream.

SEACOAST SCIENCE, INC.
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 268-0083
Dr. Stephen Hobson
Army 06-163      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Agile robot-based rapid detection of hazardous chemical and biological agents
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project involves the development of an agile robot-based comprehensive sensor system by the synergistic combination of a novel sensor/preconcentrator technology, a microelectrochemical immunoassay sensor array and a rugged, field-tested robotic platform. Seacoast Science will work at the interface of material science and mechanical engineering to develop selectively absorbent materials that will concentrate selected analytes onto a preconcentrator. The compound(s) will then be desorbed into the inlet of the sensor system. We propose to study 7 explosive related compounds or and 3 chemical warfare agent simulants. The proposed micoelectrochemical immnoassay array has already demonstrated impressive sensitivity against one class of biological warfare agent (~9 ng/ml) will be confirmed and optimized during phase one. Both systems will be integrated onto a currently fielded robotic platform. The final field-deployable system will utilize a pattern recognition algorithm that will minimize false readings and will enable identification of CWAs, BWAs, and IEDs thus improving the safety of medical personnel in theater.

VECNA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5004 Lehigh Avenue
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 737-1625
Dr. Christopher Larsen
Army 06-163      Awarded: 11NOV06
Title:Robotic Force Health Protection from Chem-Bio Agents and IEDs
Abstract:Currently no integrated mobile robotic capability exist that will enable detection of chemical and bio-warfare agents, as well as improvised explosive devices (IEDs). This SBIR grant proposal describes the redevelopment and prototype deployment of a robotic, unmanned detection system for IEDs, biological and chemical agents to do just that. The system is called ChemBioBEAR. By leveraging the power of the Vecna "BEAR" (Battlefield Extraction and Reconnaissance) mobile robot platform, this project will utilize state of the art chemical and biological detection methods, and be integrated with small mobile technologies that are capable of free roaming, radio control, and/or two-way teleoperated manipulations. The result will be a self contained, unmanned, broad-spectrum detection and assay system, capable of sampling and reporting operations in the field, and under hostile scenarios. The system will be implemented on a UGV, such that it can be sent off to survey areas such as around a combat casualty for TNT and chem-bio agent contamination. Our proposal will attempt to implement a rapid-response system, capable of accurate threat level determination, with minimal false alarm rate, using low-cost, rugged instrumentation suitable for field operation. The system will detect many threatening compounds, biomolecules and cells, in a rugged mobile package.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Mr. David B. Kynor
Army 06-164      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Enhanced DCE-MRI Imaging of Ovarian Cancer
Abstract:The recent introduction of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) permits noninvasive imaging of vascular function and characterization of angiogenesis. This emerging capability is critically important in staging disease and screening for cancer. The primary goal of this project is development of fundamental improvements in DCE-MRI imaging methods that provide increased sensitivity to subtle vascular changes and enable analysis of the inherent inhomogeneity of tumor perfusion at high spatial resolution. Performance of the new methods will be established based on testing in a cohort of ovarian cancer patients being treated with a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, and as a means of screening for ovarian cancer. Our team includes expertise in medical imaging, commercialization of novel medical devices for surgery and imaging, as well as a well known radiologist with expertise in noninvasive assessment of treatment response and application of magnetic resonance imaging methods in ovarian cancer.

CANTIMER, INC.
3700 Haven Court
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 474-0500
Mr. Ray Stewart
Army 06-165      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Micro Electronics for Intraoral Salivary Hydration Sensor
Abstract:Two microelectronics designs will be evaluated to establish proof of feasibility for a wireless intraoral sensor platform. The electronics will be sufficiently small to allow bonding to a tooth and will support a micro osmometer. The device will initially transmit to a mote mounted extraorally on the soldier and subsequently to a remote monitor, 1-2 miles away.

INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC MACHINES
60 Fourth Avenue
Albany, NY 12202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 449-5504
Mr. Zack Mian
Army 06-165      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Personal Hydration Monitor System
Abstract:One of the most difficult to detect yet widespread dangers to soldiers is dehydration, which can cause drops in efficiency, collapse, or even death. Leveraging considerable prior work for the U. S. Navy and others, International Electronic Machines (IEM), a leader in sensor system design and development, proposes the Personal Hydration Monitor (PHM) system, consisting of a micro-scale Hydration Monitoring Tag (HMT) placed in a soldier's mouth and capable of measuring saliva osmolality, transmitting this data wirelessly to a Data Collection and Relaying Unit (DCRU) which will relay this information to a Central Monitoring System (CMS) and track the readings, providing an instant alert for the soldier. The HMT will attach to a tooth without impediment to the soldier, be immune to the challenges of the in-mouth environment, accurate, and real-time responsive to hydration changes. The DCRU will be very light and small, have a range of over a mile, automatically and securely transfer gathered data to the CMS, and automatically alert the user to dangerous hydration conditions. The system will be low-cost, rugged, and reliable. IEM will be assisted in this venture by Dr. James Castracane of Albany Nanotechnology, a world leader in the design of such micro-scale systems.

DNA SOLUTIONS, INC.
840 Research Parkway, Suite 551
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 742-6867
Dr. Jeff Blair
Army 06-166      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Rapid and Early Detection of Prions
Abstract:Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), or prion diseases, are caused by a unique transmissible agent hypothesized to be a misfolded form (PrPD) of a normal host protein (PrPC). We will use chronic wasting disease (CWD) as a model prion agent because there is an urgent need for increased research on this agent, our company is positioned to capitalize on an existing customer base, and CWD has significant biosafety advantages compared to other prion agents. The objectives of this proposal are to 1) establish a library of cervid cell culture lines and 2) demonstrate prion replication in one or more of these lines. We will accomplish these objectives by utilizing a strategy of selecting cell lines based solely upon their ability to support prion replication quickly and sensitively. This assay will be used for antemortem diagnosis of prion disease as well as a detection method for prion contamination in blood, food, pharmaceutical supplies, and the environment. The development of a sensitive cell-based bioassay for CWD will be a substantial commercial product. More significantly, the method demonstrated in this proposal will be quickly adapted for use with other prion agents and will drastically broaden the potential market for such an assay.

ERALLO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
20 Taylor Street
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 703-1220
Mr. Raj Zambre
Army 06-168      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Wireless Sensor Network with Multiple Sensors for Chemical and Biological Threat Detection
Abstract:The technical objective of this proposal is to design a flexible and efficient wirelss, ad-hoc, sensor network architecture that is tuned for monitoring chemical and biological threats. This requires that the architecture 1) support various types of chemical and biological micro-sensors in a heterogeneous sensor network, 2) enable "smart" sensor nodes to pre-process on-board the enormous amount of data they collect, 3) facilitate collaborative communication and routing between sensor nodes, in a loosely dispersed and irregular grid, and 4) wirelessly transmit their data to a central station, in real-time or near real-time. To achieve flexibility, the concept of layers will be used to define the network level and sensor level. To achieve smart decision making capabilities, artificial intelligence (AI)-based software agents will be defined. To achieve auto-configuration, collaboration and real-time data transmission, ad-hoc mesh networking techniques will be employed. A limited demonstration will be conducted to illustrate the feasibility of the wireless sensor network and proposed architecture. Commercial RF components will be used to demonstrate the real-time communications, on-board processing, wireless data transmission and mesh networking capabilities of the network. Currently available and prototype chemical sensors will be deployed with RF devices into the network to demonstrate the feasibility of their integration and operation in the network. The sensors will include a nanoparticle, array-based sensor for vapor detection (developed the Next Dimensions Technologies and the California Institute of Technology for DHS). An electrochemical ethylene monitor (developed by Giner, Inc. for NASA) will be combined and demonstrated as part of the Multi-Sensor Data Fusion in the option task.

FRONTIER PERFORMANCE POLYMERS CORP.
26 Robert Street
Parsippany, NJ 07054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Dr. Jerry Chung
Army 06-169      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Innovative High Performance Lightweight Transparent Armors
Abstract:The continuing terrorist attacks on U.S. forces deployed in Iraq have created an urgent need for lightweight transparent armor systems capable to provide a greater extent of protection to the soldiers against emerging threats. However, there is a substantial performance gap in the ballistic impact resistance of existing monolithic polymer transparent materials. An important goal of transparent armor development is reducing the overall weight and thickness of the armor without reducing its protective properties to improved survivability and tactical mobility for the individual soldier. The goal of this Phase I project is to develop high-performance, lightweight transparent armor materials that have ballistic impact resistance relative to present fiber reinforced polymer composite armor to substantially increase the level of eye and face ballistic protection available to soldiers, without increasing equipment weight. Frontier seeks to identify and advance the processing, and materials required to improve performance in transparent materials applications. During the Phase I effort, Frontier will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed innovation to identify material, optimize the transparent armor designs using computational modeling , and develop the processing techniques to rapid scale up and transition of the material technology to commercial production.

MAYATERIALS, INC.
1375 Folkstone Ct.
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 994-7035
Dr. Adriana Gelover
Army 06-169      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Transparent Glass Fiber Reinforced Armor
Abstract:Transparent armor face shields for soldiers are problematic because desirable mechanical properties must be coupled with good transparency and low areal densities. Despite excellent properties offered by polycar-bonates their properties have not kept up with advances in non-transparent armor. New materials are needed. Mayaterials believes that transparent glass fiber reinforced composites, FRCs could be made if the matrix refractive index matches that of the fibers. Work in Japan has demonstrated the feasibility of this approach. The key is to match the RI of the fiber (1.45-1.56 for E, D, S glass) with that of the matrix, while providing good mechanical properties. Mayaterials is commercializing cubic silsesquioxane Q8 and T8 products that offer considerable potential as matrix materials with high strengths, good transparency, and good abrasion resistance. Because they are spherical nanoparticles they can be assembled with excellent control of periodicity in 1, 2 or 3-D allow excellent tailoring of mechanical and photonic properties. Ma-yaterials, in collaboration with the University of Michigan will develop silsesquioxane systems using 3 approaches including self-curing silsesquioxanes, sol-gel processed materials and possibly epoxy resins to develop matrix materials with optimal RI and mechanical properties. Phase I efforts test sets of matrix and fiber systems and downselect several for further refinement in Phase II.

DIVERSIFIED MARKETING GROUP, INC.
109 Forrest Avenue
Narberth, PA 19072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 667-5589
Ms. Henia A Bodalski
Army 06-170      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Development of Extruded Self Mating Closure System
Abstract:Hook and loop technology lags behind the present needs of the military and commercial marketplaces. There is a perceived need for new and improved products. Diversified Marketing Group's SBIR proposal puts forward the most significant advances, offering a whole new family of extruded "single touch," "self-mating" closures that revolutionizes every testable property and characteristic specified for Type II, Class I of A-A-55126. DMG proposes to combine R&D and the marketplace need, the driving force behind the development and sale of innovative products. "Traditional" hook and loop products are not "self-mating closures" and the woven construction lends to peeling, "edge fray" and loop material fatigue; engagement and disengagement force requirements and launderability failures are manifest. New Self Mating Closures must prove compatible with all existing manual and automatic sewing equipment without needle and thread breakage. It must be durable with an extended life cycle. The new product will come in widths from 5/8" to 4 inches. It will neither fray nor peel; it will exhibit color fastness; it will be flame retardant and heat resistant to ironing. It shall also be UV resistant, lint, dirt and mud repellent, and silent.

INNEGRITY LLC
59-C Concourse Way
Greer, SC 29650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 908-4763
Dr. Brian Morin
Army 06-171      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:High-Strength Low-Cost Polymer Fibers for Protective Clothing and Equipment, Shelters and Airdrop Equipment
Abstract:While fibers with very high strength have been achieved using aramid polymers and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene, and these fibers have found great use in ballistic and other applications, their penetration into other applications has been limited due to the high cost associated with their manufacture. This proposal is directed toward using commodity materials and a novel processing technique to make high strength fibers with a tenacity of 20 g/d or more.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Michael D. Jaeger
Army 06-173      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:A High-Temperature Battlefield Fuel Vaporization Membrane
Abstract:The Army seeks to standardize all equipment on its battlefield logistics fuel, JP-8. JP-8 is difficult to use for small-scale, low-power applications, however, since its low vapor pressure and complex composition inhibit complete vaporization. Existing methods for vaporizing logistics fuels require electric power, moving parts, or high temperatures. To address this need, Creare proposes to develop a low-cost, lightweight membrane that enables complete, controllable vaporization of JP-8 at the flow rates needed by low-power combustion devices. We will demonstrate the feasibility of the fuel vaporization approach in this Phase I project, and in Phase II we will develop and test membrane prototypes in small heating devices of interest to the Army. The technology will be particularly applicable to lightweight heating devices employing catalytic combustion.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5658
Mr. John Bowman
Army 06-174      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:High-Efficiency Heat Exchanger for Individual Stoves
Abstract:TIAX with the support of Cascade Designs, Inc propose to develop a high efficiency Heat Exchanger Cup (HEXC) for use with the Modular Individual Water Heater (MIWH). The MIWH is based on a new, self-powered, fuel delivery technology, called Capillary Force Vaporizer (CFV). The overall heat transfer efficiency is determined primarily by the heated surface area of the HEXC and how the HEXC interfaces with the burner in the MIWH to maximize the combustion efficiency (shielding from cross winds and controlling excess air) and to maximize the heat transfer from the flame and hot gases to the HEXC surface. Phase I of this project is the development, testing and trade-off evaluation of HEXC design options for high efficiency heat transfer, soldier useability and durability, compact stowage, manufacturability and cost effectiveness. The primary focus of the HEXC design is the application of liquid fuel-fired burner design to the development of surface features and system geometries that promote high heat transfer and optimum gas flow while minimizing unwanted emissions, particularly soot.

ENGINEERED YARNS CO.
Div. of Pascale Industries, Inc., 939 Currant Road
Fall River, MA 2720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 673-3307
Dr. Rathna Perera
Army 06-175      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Highly Conducting Textile Fibers for Electro-Textile Applications.
Abstract:The integration of electronics functionality to the textile structures offers a new and unique way to fabricate wearable military and commercial systems that sense, communicate, compute, and carry power and data both on the battlefield and on the work environment. The textiles provide the lightweight and comfort while electrical materials provide the conductivity with secondary consideration given to properties such as flexibility. The electro-textiles with attached cables have been introduced in the past. These cable based fabrics do not exhibit intrinsic qualities of textiles and have difficulty gaining user acceptance. With technological innovations appearing in both textile and electronics, textile manufacturers are eager to introduce fabrics with embedded electronics. One major hurdle in producing these fabrics is the lack of ultra fine conductors. To date, no fine wires of 10 - 25 micron are commercialized due to many manufacturing challenges. Once these challenges are overcome, fine wires can be mass produced at low cost at relatively high production rates. One objective of this proposal is to achieve textile grade wires by means of promising processes. We suggest, with great confidence, three potential processes that will lead to successful productions of textile grade wires that are less than 25 microns (1 mil).

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mr. Jeremiah Slade
Army 06-176      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Wearable Electronic Network Made from Discrete Parts
Abstract:From a military standpoint, the ubiquitous incorporation of electronics as standard issue equipment for modern war fighters will undoubtedly increase exponentially in the near future. Information will need to be gathered, coalesced, and rapidly presented to the soldier in order to establish and maintain a decisive tactical advantage. In order to accomplish this in an efficient manner, Infoscitex (IST) is proposing to develop a method for fabricating a broadloom mesh network and allowing electrical connections to be formed across discontinuities in the final garment (Figure 1). This effort will involve the selection of e-textile yarns that demonstrate the appropriate electrical and mechanical properties, and the weaving of these yarns into the rip-stop layers of a broadloom fabric. Techniques will also be developed for making electrical connections that bridge seam boundaries to form continuous network paths, shielding these paths from electromagnetic interference, and allowing for the integration of external electronic devices into the network. The accomplishment of these objectives will form the centerpiece of an e-textile toolkit that will parallel the development of the circuit board in the electronics industry.

INFINIA CORP.
6811 West Okanogan Avenue
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 735-4700
Mr. MAURICE A. WHITE
Army 06-177      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Combined Heat and Power System (CHPS)
Abstract:The proposed Phase I effort by Infinia Corporation will produce a practical design concept for an innovative multi-cylinder, free-piston Stirling engine (MCFPSE) integrated into a combined heat and power system (CHPS) that will produce at least 9 kW of net electrical power after all auxiliaries, and 90 kW of useful heat at 500F, using only 122 kW of combustion energy. It is possible to operate the proposed system using a wide range of gaseous and liquid fuels, including biofuels and JP-8. Infinia free-piston Stirling engines have demonstrated unprecedented life and reliability that avoids the maintenance and life issues with kinematic Stirling engines. The recently demonstrated MCFPSE innovation extends the free-piston advantages to higher power levels and higher power density. The proposed CHPS offers major advancements in the state-of-the-art that is only made possible within the resource constraints of the SBIR program because major subsystems from Infinia's advanced 3-kW engine will be extensively utilized. Infinia will produce conceptual engine, burner and system designs during Phase I that will lead to a practical, reliable CHPS for integration with thermal-fluid based field kitchens, laundries and other support structures.

LOCUST, USA, INC.
8324 N.W. 74 Ave.
Miami, FL 33166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 691-9585
Mr. Robert Pierce
Army 06-177      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Microturbine Combined Heat and Power System (Microturbine CHPS)
Abstract:There is a need for more compact and efficient field equipment that can burn alternative fuels, and supply heat and electric power to field kitchens and other organizational equipment in future combat support operations. Current equipment operates on JP8 and employs separate heat and electric power generation devices. The intent of this program is to screen concepts and complete a preliminary design of an innovative Combined Heat and Power System (CHPS) that employs a microturbine generator with exhaust heat recovery, auxiliary burning, and a thermal fluid heat exchanger, and that can operate on alternative fuel sources, from waste-gasifier process gas to JP8. This design has the potential for achieving significantly improved overall efficiency, fuel flexibility and compact packaging. The recuperated microturbine generator on which this system is based is market-competitive in electric power efficiency and much more compact than other available generation devices rated below 25 KWe. The resultant design is expected to be a compact CHPS module that can operate on a wide range of fuels and that will help standardize the delivery of power to military field units.

INTRALYTIX, INC.
The Columbus Center, 701 East Pratt Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 625-2533
Dr. Alexander Sulakvelidze
Army 06-178      Awarded: 01NOV06
Title:Development of a phage-based technology for eliminating or significantly reducing contamination of fruits and vegetables with E. coli O157:H7
Abstract:Foodborne illnesses of microbial origin continue to be serious food safety problems worldwide, and they also may substantively hamper military operations. Thus, the availability of approaches which significantly reduce contamination of foods with various bacterial pathogens is of paramount importance for ensuring the safety and operational readiness of US troops worldwide, as well as for the safety of civilian populations. Ready-to-eat-foods (RTEFs) are of particular concern because they are not subjected to cooking, which kills most bacteria. However, bacterial decontamination of RTEFs presents considerable challenges because the efficacy of currently available chemical food-sanitizers is imperfect, and many of them damage food quality and adversely affect the environment. Thus, novel, environmentally-safe and effective approaches are needed to ensure the safety of foods that may be intentionally (e.g., bioterrorism) or naturally contaminated with pathogenic bacteria. Bacteriophages, viruses that kill bacteria, may provide one such approach. Intralytix is one of the world's leading companies specializing in the development of phage preparations for improving food safety. Thus, in response to the US Army's request to develop phage technology effective against biological pathogens in foods, we propose to develop and test a lytic phage preparation ("EcoPhage") for reducing contamination of fruits and vegetables with E. coli O157:H7.

MICROENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3525 SE 17th Ave.
Portland, OR 97202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 234-2747
Dr. Reza Shekarriz
Army 06-180      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:A Miniaturized Dual-Use System for Ethylene Management
Abstract:Preservation of the perishable food, especially fresh fruits and vegetables (FF&V), is particularly challenging due to substantial amount of refrigeration required to prevent spoilage. In the case of FF&V, the refrigerated air can quickly become contaminated with ethylene gas produced by the fruits and vegetables, which can lead to autocatalytic ripening of FF&V and accelerate spoilage even at ideal refrigeration temperatures. In the proposed Phase I effort, we will focus on the demonstration of an innovative technology utilizing electrocatalysis for scrubbing ethylene gas to prevent an adverse storage environment. Combining with our electrochemical sensor, the proposed decomposition system provides an opportunity for the development of a compact and inexpensive ethylene control system capable of maintaining less than 100-ppb ethylene levels in the 10' or 20' multi-temperature refrigerated container systems (MTRCS). During Phase II, we will demonstrate the performance of two different prototypes in which the control and sensing of ethylene are integrated.

PRIMAIRA, LLC
3163 Mystic Valley Parkway
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 391-2020
Ms. Karen Benedek
Army 06-180      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:Ethylene Control in Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
Abstract:This proposal presents an opportunity to support the Army in its efforts to enhance the quality of fresh produce delivered to its troops around the world. Specifically, this proposal aims to control ethylene produced by fresh fruits and vegetables (FF&V) in refrigerated containers with the use of a novel Ethylene Control Unit (ECU).

EVIGIA SYSTEMS, INC.
333 Parkland Plaza Dr. Ste. 500
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 302-1140
Dr. Bishnu Gogoi
Army 06-181      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Wireless Parachute Pressure Sensor Measurement System
Abstract:This proposed Phase I SBIR effort initiates development of a wireless pressure sensor system for characterizing the temporal evolution of the pressure field during deployment of parachutes and also measuring pressures across different fabric materials. The primary outcome of this project is a fully-integrated media isolated micropackaged ultra-high sensitivity pressure sensor module with a size of 5mmx5 mmx0.6mm, and weight of <1 gram that is embedded in a parachute fabric and can measure, store the data in onboard memory, and transmit over a wireless data link to a base reader. The proposed fully integrated scalable sensing system is enabled by innovation in several areas including ultra-high sensitivity ultra-thin CMOS-MEMS pressure sensor, ultra-low power CMOS interface circuitry including on-chip data storage, and wireless link.

METROLASER, INC.
2572 White Road
Irvine, CA 92614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Dr. Thomas Jenkins
Army 06-182      Awarded: 01NOV06
Title:Planar Doppler Velocimetry for Large-Scale, Low-Speed Flows
Abstract:The proposed effort will extend the capabilities of Planar Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) to include flow fields 7 ft x 7 ft with a velocity resolution of 1 ft/s, providing a solution to the experimental characterization of large flow fields near parachute canopies and their wakes. The predicted improvements in velocity resolution come mainly from increased well depths of state-of-the-art CCD cameras, which enable greater photonic signal levels with an associated increase in signal-to-noise ratio. Since the use of pulsed lasers has been found to result in unacceptable speckle noise in low speed applications, the use of continuous wave lasers is proposed, which should effectively eliminate speckle noise. PDV is ideally suited to large flow fields, since the technique does not require individual seed particles to be resolved, so the observation ranges are limited only by the signal levels obtained. Several high-power, single-mode CW lasers are now available commercially that can provide large enough signals for the extended ranges needed to cover large flow fields. Investigations during Phase I will focus on refining and verifying the predictions made in this proposal of extended velocity resolution and observation range.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Waheguru Singh
Army 06-184      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Nano Particles Modified Shelter Materials for Self Decontamination and Visible Detection of Chemical Agents
Abstract:Collective Protection Shelters have historically been heavy, cumbersome, carried a high logistic burden, and above all been very expensive. Through the years advances have been made in barrier materials to improve the protective capabilities of collective protection shelters. These solutions include fluoropolymer coatings as an after-market process for general-purpose shelter materials, nanotechnological enhancement of commodity polymers, and low temperature processible fluoropolymers. Each of these thrust areas have their own technical challenges and associated investments to mature the technologies. A revolutionary new approach is thus desirable that could offer a long-term solution to these problems. This would require improving existing lightweight, flexible, flame resistant, chemical biological (CB) textile barrier materials via incorporating visible detection and self-decontamination capabilities in to the materials. Lynntech propose to develop a self decontaminating smart textile material that uses catalytic reactivity of nano particles to decontaminate chemical agents while the chemical reaction for decontamination is used to exhibit a visible warning when the barrier is compromised. This material will be integrated with the existing CB barrier materials to produce a composite shelter material that offers enhanced CB protection as well as allows for a visual agent dependent identification of chemical exposure due to breach in barrier material.

RADAR FLASHLIGHT, LLC
Suite 410, 2655 Dallas Highway
Marietta, GA 30064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 428-0110
Mr. Eugene F. Greneker III
Army 06-185      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Wall Interrogator
Abstract:RADAR Flashlight, LLC. (RFLLC), a Georgia Limited Liability Corporation, proposes to undertake a 6 month SBIR Phase I study that will lead to the development of a radar sensor capable of meeting the Army performance goals enumerated in A06-185. If RFLLC wins the Phase I SBIR research program, RFLLC will undertake research to demonstrate proof-of-principle for each of the required technologies that will enable the wall breaching radar to be built and tested during a Phase II research effort.

TIALINX, INC.
8 Halley
Irvine, CA 92603
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 285-6255
Dr. Fred Mohamadi
Army 06-185      Awarded: 01NOV06
Title:Wall Interrogator
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses feasibility study of using ultra narrow impulses to provide high resolution images of objects behind re-enforced thick concrete walls. The highly agile and small foot-print unit also addresses detecting and imaging embedded materials in the wall such as re-bar, piping, electrical conduit, and voids.

PROTECTION ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS, LLC
4594 Highway 281 North
Spring Branch, TX 78070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(830) 438-7772
Mr. Kirk A. Marchand, P.E.
Army 06-186      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Single Action Wall (SAW) Breecher
Abstract:Present approaches for creating openings in reinforced concrete, masonry or other typical heavy construction materials include simple demolition kits (M112 blocks or satchel charges) and newly developed devices like the "rapid wall breaching kit". These devices can breach concrete and masonry targets but often do not defeat the reinforcing steel. This Phase I SBIR proposal describes an approach to develop and validate a preliminary concept for an efficient, hand emplaced, single "action" wall breacher capable of generating large holes in target walls in a single step. The device will be man portable, unfuzed, will have a single initiation point, should be able to be setup by 1-2 soldiers, will not require aiming, and should focus force on the target (reduce collateral damage.) The concept envisioned incorporates a central impulse generating mechanism consisting of an explosive backed thin ductile lens surrounded by a heavy annular explosive backed lens. Upon initiation, the central lens and explosive will impact and locally fail and "breach" the concrete section. The trapped momentum in the central failed section will initiate tearing and severance of the peripheral rebar. The annular lens completes the rebar cutting upon impact, and serves to clear the debris, creating the desired opening.

TPL, INC.
3921 Academy Parkway North, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 342-4445
Mr. Bob Lowey
Army 06-186      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Tantalum Lined Wall Breaching System
Abstract:TPL Inc. proposes to develop a modular man-portable wall breaching system that will be able to defeat rebar reinforced concrete wall structures more efficiently than Current State-of-the-Art military wall breaching methods. The TPL design will be based on utilizing Tantalum as the liner material in linear shaped charge (LSC) sections that can be snapped together to provide variable geometry access holes through the concrete targets. Tantalum has the ductility and density to provide a jet capable of cutting through the rebar encased in the concrete. Each LSC section will be 30" in length and can be coupled with corner fixtures or straight joiner fixtures to provide a 30" x 30" square configuration or a 30" x 60" man-way configuration. Upon affixing the initiation system this unit is then ready to be deployed. The corner fixtures provide legs that maintain the proper standoff-to-target for the linear shaped charge as well as an adhesive backed pad for affixing to the target. Percussive fasteners can also be used through the pads for a more rigorous bond to the target.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Mr. Gregory J. Kacprzynski
Army 06-187      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Continuous Power Assurance for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Impact Technologies LLC, with the support of Honeywell Aerospace, propose to develop and demonstrate innovative enhancements to existing power assurance methods for the T55-714A engine. The development team will build off the proven success of the Aviation Diagnostic and Engine Prognostic (ADEPT) program with the goal of prototyping automated and accurate continuous engine power assessment technologies that promise to reduce the incidence of unplanned engine removals due to low power, eliminate pilot burden and human error, and significantly reduce the threat to aircraft and crew for Power Assurance Check (PAC) when new engines or major engine repair has been performed. Specifically, regime recognition and correction routines enabling automated power assurance test (PAT) will be improved and evaluated against existing flight test data. A sensitivity study addressing high power extrapolation from torque levels of less than 60% along with a prototype routine will be developed and evaluated. Finally, state-of-the-art prognostic methods aimed at estimating future engine performance and fusing this knowledge with engine critical component lifing algorithms will be illustrated in an integrated software system demonstration. In the event that a Phase II program is awarded and the Phase I Option activated, the Impact/Honeywell team will perform a dedicated T55 test cell run designed to facilitate a higher TRL for the Continuous Power Assurance (CPA) modules. In addition, detailed concept of operations and software requirements specification documents will be developed to establish a clear bridge to Phase II software development, testing and implementation.

CHI SYSTEMS, INC.
1035 Virginia Drive, Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
Dr. Benjamin Bell
Army 06-188      Awarded: 09NOV06
Title:Cognitive Agents for Simulation of Battlefield Airspace (CASBA)
Abstract:Distributed simulation has the potential to promote more useful experiments and more effective joint exercises, with platforms from all branches of the services operating within the same virtual battlespace. The advantages of a virtual battlefield airspace could be significantly extended through the use of automated forces, or computer-generated forces (CGFs). The Army has already employed this technique to reduce manpower needed to staff an exercise and thus reduce costs. However, broader gains are achievable if the entities standing in for human role-players were more capable of human-like decision making and spoken interaction than is currently the case. Synthetic entities must be capable of understanding spoken and datalinked ATC (and other air traffic agency) directives and of responding appropriately, both behaviorally and verbally. These entities must exhibit appropriate interactions with air traffic agencies regardless of whether the controllers are human or synthetic. To accomplish this goal, we propose Cognitive Agents for Simulation of Battlefield Airspace (CASBA), which will (1) realistically model the decision-making, judgment, situational awareness, workload management, and communications of airborne entities in a battlefield airpsace; (2) provide robust, speaker-independent speech recognition and understandable and tactically-realistic speech synthesis; and (3) function reliably and interoperably in distributed simulation experiments.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Mr. Glenn Taylor
Army 06-188      Awarded: 03NOV06
Title:Enhancing Computer Generated Forces (CGFs) for Air Traffic Control Interaction
Abstract:Although the Army uses airborne computer generated forces (CGFs) in simulation environments, most CGFs are not autonomous or interactive enough to be directed by a controller. Full simulation capability requires detailed, doctrinally correct CGFs that can be controlled directly by airspace managers, such as air traffic controllers, air traffic services, or even ground commanders operating in a combat zone. Further, the military already employs a wide range of CGF behavior systems with different levels of autonomy, fidelity, and interactivity. Simply introducing a controller-interaction capability into a single existing CGF system will serve only a narrow set of users. Therefore, we propose to develop a Generic Controller Interface that will enable a range of existing CGF systems to be controlled directly by an Air Traffic Controller through speech or data, with minimal change to the extant simulation systems, and that will reduce the manpower and cost of running distributed simulations.

ARMORWORKS, INC.
7306 S. Harl Avenue
Tempe, AZ 85283
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 682-1006
Dr. Ken-An Lou
Army 06-191      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Lightweight Mine-Protected Fasteners for Blast Protection Appliqus
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I program is to develop innovative lightweight mine-protected fastener design concepts as well as evaluate and identify potential off the shelf high performance metallic or composite fasteners to incorporate into the design. The success of the design will be demonstrated via computer modeling and simulation during this Phase I study. Our approach is to continue the success of many years research effeorts conducted by the University of Delaware, Center for Composite Materials (UD-CCM) and Army Research Laboratory (ARL) in optimizing joint design for composite structures under ballistic impact.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Dr. George Hansen
Army 06-192      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Innovative Impact Energy Absorber Appliqu
Abstract:The objective of this proposed effort is to develop an innovative energy absorbing appliqu for armored tactical vehicles to reduce head and body impact injury from crashes and explosions. Severe head and body trauma resulting from vehicular accidents is a major concern to military. In our Phase I activities, we will optimize a Smart Impact Absorber Appliqu based on aluminum honeycomb with blast resistant polyurea. Utilizing LS-DYNA computer numerical modeling software, we will obtain the highest-performing, thinnest energy absorbing applique prior to constructing test articles. FMVSS 201U compliance testing will be performed by an independent testing laboratory MGA Research Corporation. TRI will then subject the applique to environmental and use tests to insure suitability for field use. Material areal density, energy absorbing efficiency, durability, manufacturing feasibility, and product robustness will be documented in the Phase 1 final report. Armor Holdings has been contacted to provide TRI with detailed interior layouts, input on suitable surfaces for the appliqu, and will provide feed back on our design. For Phase II, we have requested Armor Holding to allow TRI personnel to install Phase II prototypes in an Up-Armored Humvee M1114.

ADVANCED COOLING TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6073
Dr. Chanwoo Park
Army 06-193      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Shock and Vibration Tolerant Capillary Two-Phase Loops
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT), supported by Hamilton Sundstrand, proposes to develop a shock and vibration tolerant Capillary Two-Phase Loop for military vehicle applications. The proposed capillary two-phase loop differs from the traditional loop heat pipes and capillary pumped loops in the evaporator design, which provides inherent tolerance to shock and vibration. Two additional features are added to further improve the shock and vibration tolerance: (1) graded wicks are used in the evaporator to mitigate the shock and vibration impact on the liquid-vapor interface (meniscus); and (2) check valves are used in the liquid transport line to mitigate the macro-scale liquid churning motion. The Phase I project will verify the basic concept of combining graded wick evaporator with liquid check valves to achieve improved shock and vibration tolerance. A proof-of-concept capillary two-phase loop using water as the working fluid will be designed, fabricated and tested at Mil-Spec shock and vibration conditions for Army vehicles. The Phase II project will design, fabricate and test full scale capillary two-phase loops under startup and transient heat loading as well as Mil-Spec shock and vibration conditions. The follow on Phase III project will integrate the technology in actual vehicles and conduct qualification tests in simulated operational environments.

THERMOANALYTICS, INC.
23440 Airpark Blvd, P.O. Box 66
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 380-4348
Mr. Craig M. Cless
Army 06-194      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Modeling Tool for System Integration of HVAC Systems
Abstract:Military vehicles are being designed with ever-increasing on-board power dissipation, and are being operated in hot environments. Avoiding heat-related degradation of crew effectiveness and equipment reliability has become a daunting design challenge. Effective, efficient heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system designs are needed. HVAC system performance can be optimized if system integrators can analyze proposed configurations rapidly and accurately, while keeping pace with an evolving vehicle design. A modeling tool to support rapid trade studies of HVAC system variants integrated into vehicle design variants is proposed to meet this need. We are proposing to add features to MuSES, the Army standard for thermal and IR signature analysis of ground vehicles, to enable rapid, easy-to-setup analyses of HVAC systems. HVAC-specific inputs and outputs will be built into the MuSES user interface, and algorithms to model fan-driven duct networks and mixing of duct effluent with cabin air will be added to the code. User routines modeling the behavior of vapor compression refrigeration system components will be provided as a library of HVAC component models. These features, combined with MuSES' ability to model a complete vehicle in a natural weather environment, will produce the desired prototyping modeling capability.

NETWORKFAB CORP.
2066 Walsh Avenue Suite B2
Santa Clara, CA 95050
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 567-9771
Mr. Lars Karlsson
Army 06-195      Awarded: 22NOV06
Title:RCIED Low Band Jammer
Abstract:Radio controlled IED's continue to be a great challenge in theater. This proposal will address the development of an effective low band (HF) jammer to prevent against such future low frequency threats. The challenges of designing an effective mobile low band jammer is integrating an appropriate HF antenna, minimizing the harmonics and spurious, and filtering strong co-channel interferers. NetworkFab has built both HF surgical reactive jammers, as well as RCIED jammers (for VHF/UHF targets) in the past. All that prior experience and knowledge will be brought to bear on this SBIR effort. NetworkFab proposes to combine together our product technologies, our extensive antenna design experience, and our knowledge of RCIED's, to provide an advanced RCIED Low Band Jammer design.

ROSS-HIME DESIGNS, INC.
1313 5th Street South East
Minneapolis, MN 55414
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 699-5610
Mr. Mark Rosheim
Army 06-197      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Lightweight, Low Cost, Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:The Army has requested development of a lightweight, low cost, precision seeker gimbal assembly that can operate in environments inducing high stress levels (temperature, vibration, and shock). Ross-Hime Designs, Inc. (RHD), Minneapolis, Minnesota, with its subcontractor Lockheed Martin Tactical Defense Systems, Eagan, Minnesota, offer a fundamental and radical mechanical advancement to improve existing capabilities in high stress gimbals. This is accomplished without the penalties of additional weight from external mechanical supporting structures, while maintaining gimbal assembly performance in the high stress operational environment. RHD tackles the core of the problem-the mechanical design of the 2-axis seeker gimbal itself. The proposed design eliminates the need for rotary joints, slip rings, or twist capsules because its revolutionary technology provides a flexible and practical solution to the rotary joint problem. A major benefit of this revolutionary design is a new, full 180o az/el horizon-to-horizon tracking capability. "Gimbal lock," or singularity, is eliminated due to the unique double universal joint design. An innovative Non-Overlapping Ring shock mount protects the gimbal from shock and vibration while maintaining pointing accuracy. Bandwidth constraint, which is inherent in rotary joints, is eliminated altogether.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Kenan O. Ezal
Army 06-198      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Networkable Far-Target Locator for Man-Portable Missile Launcher
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a low-cost, lightweight, networkable far-target locator for the command launch unit (CLU) of the Javelin anti-armor weapon system. The proposed Small, Tactical, Attitude-aided, Robust Locator for Enhanced Targeting (STARLET) will interface with the CLU and provide the location of the target selected by the gunner and transmit the target image along with the target position via a standard radio interface. The STARLET system will include a novel GPS-based attitude (GPS/A) sensor that will augment a digital compass subsystem and automate the magnetometer calibration process, thus reducing the operator workload and significantly improving the system performance. All system sensors, including all in-phase (I) and quadrature-phase (Q) GPS signals for each satellite, will be fused together using an ultra-tightly coupled (UTC) architecture making the system inherently robust to interference and the resulting target position more accurate. The GPS/A sensor will include a small anti-jam (AJ) GPS antenna that will further improve the interference suppression capability of the system. The STARLET system will be designed to closely interface with the Javelin CLU. During the Phase I effort Toyon will identify the system requirements, evaluate candidate components, fully define the system architecture and determine the predicted system performance and cost.

DINDL FIREARMS MANUFACTURING, INC.
380 Ridge Road
Newton, NJ 07860
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 600-4953
Mr. Frank Dindl
Army 06-199      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:Focusing a Thermobaric/High Explosive Blast Wave
Abstract:Dindl Firearms Manufacturing, Inc. proposes the use of an expanding 40mm high explosive warhead to produce the desired blast characteristics at the target. A low risk design is envisioned where the explosive payload weight is similar to the existing M100 GREM. The blast characteristics will be accomplished by expanding and reshaping the explosive payload at the target. Modeling and simulation, combined with limited laboratory experiments in Phase I will be used to explore the feasibility of this approach.

PROTECTION ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS, LLC
4594 Highway 281 North
Spring Branch, TX 78070
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(830) 438-7772
Dr. David J. Stevens
Army 06-199      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Focusing a Thermobaric/High Explosive Blast Wave
Abstract:The current weapon-fired breaching system is effective but is also bulky and expensive. A 40-mm, XM-320-compatible munition that focuses the blast over a 2 to 3-ft diameter area is needed, to breach doors and windows found in typical, non-hardened, civilian-type construction located in Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) settings. The munition must be effective and safe when deployed from a reasonable standoff distance, which is defined to be 15 to 40-m. Collateral damage must be minimized. To develop this munition, Protection Engineering Consultants (PEC), in collaboration with Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), proposes a systems engineering approach, drawing upon our expertise with explosives, the use of explosives for breaching of civilian construction, computational design and modeling of novel explosive configurations, and experimental evaluation of explosives. We will devise and evaluate innovative approaches for shaping the blast wave, by considering the interaction of the explosive charge, the munition's geometry and flight characteristics, the material used for the munition's wall and base, and the standoff.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Mr. Robert Karnes
Army 06-200      Awarded: 22NOV06
Title:Lightweight Multilayer Nonmetallic Articulated Knee/Elbow Armor
Abstract:In recent years there have been significant improvements in the Army personnel body armor in the area of the head, torso and feet. The new generation of armor is saving lives daily and is more comfortable, allowing greater ease of mobility for the soldiers. Unfortunately, without adequate protection of the joints, soldiers are still suffering devastating injuries. KaZaK proposes to develop next-generation protection systems for the knees and elbows. This lightweight armor will offer ballistic protection equal to the Army Combat Helmets. In addition, the armor will be comfortable for the soldier to wear and will integrate with the Army Combat Uniform. KaZaK will utilize their expertise in innovative ballistic protective materials to design a multilayer system, with constituents specifically designed to protect the soldier from blunt and ballistics impact, dissipate energy from the impact and provide comfort and ease of mobility. KaZaK's Phase I endeavors will focus on material selection, modeling for ballistics impact, design of articulated joints and anthropomorphic shaping. KaZaK will conduct ballistics testing to prove the validity of their design. Phase I will conclude with verified prototype hardware that should provide the government with sufficient confidence in the design to move forward into Phase II.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6364
Mr. John Stokes
Army 06-200      Awarded: 06NOV06
Title:Articulated Soldier Knee and Elbow Protection System
Abstract:In today's urban warfare, soldiers operate in austere environments where they are confronted with a seemingly endless variety of ballistic and impact threats. High intensity ballistic threats go beyond traditional small arms fire and now include an increasing number of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) of many forms. Lower intensity impacts are encountered from blunt force weapons and daily contact with harsh urban surfaces like roadways, buildings, and piles of debris. Resulting injuries to arm and leg joints cause immediate and severe debilitation during combat, often leading to costly and lifelong disabilities. During combat, subsequent degradation of combat power and increased vulnerability to both the victim and responding medical personnel is inevitable. TIAX is proposing to combine advanced materials with novel constructions and human factors considerations to provide protection from both ballistics and impact trauma. Dimensional modeling and finite element analysis will be used to assess proper material selection among pre-selected candidates. Innovative articulation and retention systems will ensure soldier maneuverability for enhanced safety and effectiveness.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5269
Dr. Babak Azimi-Sadjadi
Army 06-201      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Mobile Ad hoc Networked GPS for Robust Positioning
Abstract:IAI proposes an innovative approach to use a network of mobile GPS receivers to enhance the position accuracy of the entire network leveraging stand alone GPS positioning and Carrier Phase Differential GPS (CPDGPS) which provides relative positioning. This relative positioning is used to accurately estimate the geometry of the nodes as a rigid body. We use this geometric information regarding shape of rigid body under consideration to decrease the position error of each node in the global coordinate system used by regular GPS receivers. To achieve the targeted accuracy we address issues related to integer ambiguity inherent in CPDGPS technique, wireless link stability, network connectivity, and average alongwith maximum data rate dedicated to DGPS information exchange among the network nodes. Further, we will use adaptive Extended Kalman and Particle Filtering techniques to integrate Inertial Navigation System (INS) with GPS for higher locationing accuracy.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Dr. Robert Bechtel
Army 06-202      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Task Examination/Aggregation/Learning (TEAL) to Support Adjustable Autonomy
Abstract:Soar Technology proposes to develop a Task Examination/Aggregation/Learning system (TEAL) to enable Future Combat Systems (FCS) assets to autonomously perform increasingly complicated tasks over time. Envisioned as part of the FCS "System of Systems" (SoS) approach, TEAL is an independent reasoning module and autonomy trainer integrated with an adjustable autonomy command system and a robotics controller. Systems that TEAL supports will be able to abstract and combine low-level UV tasks into new higher-level tasks - allowing a single warfighter to task multiple heterogeneous platforms using the same high-level command system.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Mark R. Meloon
Army 06-202      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Decision-Theoretic Control of Unmanned Systems
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a system that allows a user to control multiple unmanned systems (UMS) of varying levels of autonomy. We will use Dynamic Decision Networks (DDNs) to create decision-theoretic agents that can make rational, optimal decisions on their own. DDNs are an extension of the highly-successful Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs) used for developing a world view by fusing sensor measurements with a priori intelligence and contextual information. DBNs and DDNs are graphical models which provide the ability for the UMS to explain its inference and reasoning to the warfighter supervising them. These cognitive architectures naturally provide the ability to update their internal world state as they receive new information about a dynamic environment and change their plans accordingly. In Phase I, we will design a DDN-based system that can interact with a human supervisor. This will involve constructing the networks, specifying the necessary probabilities, and developing utility functions for varying levels of autonomy. We would focus the Phase I option on identifying a graphical means by which UMS explain their actions to users and use Phase II to implement the Phase I design in a software prototype for the purposes of testing, demonstration, and evaluation.

AUTONOMOUS SOLUTIONS, INC.
1946 South 1600 West
Young Ward, UT 84339
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(435) 755-2980
Dr. Don Cripps
Army 06-203      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:UGV Dynamic Mobility Updates Using Real Time Prognostic and Diagnostic Information
Abstract:An improved control system for autonomous vehicles is proposed in which prognostic and diagnostic data generated by the vehicle itself is used as an input to the controller. This is in contrast to conventional controllers in which the vehicle is represented by a static model. ASI will analyze the parameters of the NATO Reference Mobility Model to decide which most affect overall vehicle control and specify sensors for monitoring these parameters. A new vehicle controller will be designed which will use this data, in addition to data on the external environment, for vehicle control. This will result in a more autonomous system, since it will be `aware' of its own condition as well as its surroundings.

GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY CONNECTION, INC.
2839 Paces Ferry Rd. Suite 1160
Atlanta, GA 30339
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 803-3001
Dr. Nicholas Propes
Army 06-203      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:A Hierarchical Fault Tolerant Control System for UGVs Experiencing Mobility Failures
Abstract:Global Technology Connection, Inc. in collaboration with University of Michigan-Dearborn (Vetronics Institute) and our industrial partner Lockheed Martin MFC proposes to develop a hierarchical fault tolerant three tier architecture for UGVs. Mobility parameters are continually updated at different levels including mobility goals, UGV trajectories, and UGV system model. At the top level of the architecture, the UGV mobility health state is assessed through a novel diagnostic and prognostic failure detection, identification, and prediction system, an object-based world model is constructed describing terrain, obstacles, etc., and a goal modification module determines appropriate control actions due to UGV mobility failures. A path planner is then used at the mid-level to generate appropriate UGV mobility trajectories based on the world model and UGV health state. At the low-level, an adaptive controller continually estimates UGV model parameters to provide robust tracking of the generated path. In Phase II, we will develop a working prototype and implement it on an unmanned ground vehicle. Vehicle performance with and without dynamic mobility model along with associated hardware will be delivered. Technology will be transitioned to commercial applications in Phase III to both military (FCS, UGV and civilian applications such as EMS vehicles etc.

LOKI, INC.
1006 Kingshighway
Rolla, MO 65409
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 742-4779
Dr. Sergey I. Shkuratov
Army 06-204      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Miniature Explosive Pulsed Power for Missiles and Munitions
Abstract:The proposed effort extends work recently completed (in 2003) at the University of Missouri - Rolla (UMR) and at Texas A&M University (TAMU) under the "Explosive-Driven Power Generation for Directed-Energy Munitions," Topic 11 of the DoD FY 98 Multidisciplinary Research Program of the University Research Initiative (MURI II). It also leverages the current efforts by Loki in FCG development under an Army SBIR Explosive Pulsed Power Project (Contract W9113M-04-P-0016). The Principal Investigators (PIs) at each of these institutes are currently the Loki PI, Co-PI, and the PI for the subcontractor, Ktech Corporation. We also intend to leverage the current Loki efforts to create a successful entirely explosive-driven FCG system, utilizing an explosive-driven Ferromagnetic Generator (FMG) to establish the seed current required by an FCG for operation. We are aware of no existing compact, autonomous, completely explosive high power system based on an FMG seed source for an FCG apart from the Loki system. At the successful completion of the proposed work, we will have constructed hydrodynamic models of FCG processes, and tested FCGs to check the results from those models. As higher-performance explosives become available, we may evaluate their use in FCGs.

APPLIED TECHNOLOGY ASSOC.
1300 Britt SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 767-1223
Mr. Martin Smith
Army 06-205      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Third Generation Fast Steering Mirror
Abstract:The Third Generation Fast Steering Mirror (3GFSM) is based on a scalable design and uses high performance, high bandwidth electromagnetic (HBE) actuators. Mirror apertures are scalable from one inch to five inches and can be round or elliptical. The HBE actuators are more efficient than voice coil actuators and can be configured to support large displacement angles. Much lower mirror profiles can be achieved with these actuators due to their inherent flexibility in configuration. This results in small, lighter beam stabilization system. Mirror performance characteristics, (bandwidth, maximum acceleration, pointing accuracy, and residual jitter) make this mirror design ideal for line of sight stabilization in tactical ground and air platform applications of high energy lasers, such as the Joint High-Energy Solid State Laser (JHPSSL) and for lower power lasers used in laser communications and target designation.

XINETICS, INC.
115 Jackson Rd.
Devens, MA 01434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 772-0352
Mr. Thomas Price
Army 06-205      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Dual-Mode Deformable Mirror Solid State High Energy Laser Component
Abstract:One of the major challenges to achieving high power solid state laser is to produce the appropriate bean quality. Adaptive Optics (AO) technology has vital importance in the development of high energy laser weaponry. Xinetics proposes to develop an integrated dual-mode DM which is capable to correct entire intra-cavity aberration. This DM will be able to mitigate initial large aberration caused by pump power turn on period and continue to operate to form conjugated wavefront for necessary beam control. The combination of two types of actuations - surface normal and surface parallel- will enable wavefront correction with different temporal and spatial frequency optical distortion from an entire power amplifier chain thereby eliminating the need of multiple bounces on the DM, image relay optics between DM bounces and the use of static phase correctors.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Robert Levine
Army 06-206      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Model-based Automated Target ID and Pose Estimation from SAR Data
Abstract:Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) and the determination of target intent from airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) depends on highly accurate pose determination. In this proposal prior knowledge, in the form of 3D target models, is applied to achieve `super resolution'; namely a resolution beyond the physical constraints of radar data acquisition and processing. With GPS positioning and high bandwidth SAR, the accurate locating of a few (<10) major scatterers in correct geometrical relationship should allow for post-processing of SAR images to achieve a five degree orientation accuracy. This proposal will test the conditions for which a sphere scatterer model is sufficiently accurate to simulate the contribution of individual scatterers to the radar signature for 3D pattern matching. Starting with an established SSI-developed, hardbody rendering code, QUick Image Display (QUID), we extract the facet normals to determine sphere radii assigned to model vertices. Because the radar signature from a sphere is known exactly, QUID model range maps can be employed to determine an approximate radar signature in real time for pattern matching. During Phase I the SSI proposed target pose determination code, Augmented QUID Synthetic Aperture Radar (QUASAR), will be tested on Army SAR data and 3D CAD models.

NEWTEC SERVICES GROUP, INC.
PO Box 643, 333 Hart Street
Edgefield, SC 29824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 637-0898
Mr. Keith Williams
Army 06-207      Awarded: 15NOV06
Title:Counter Mortar Technologies
Abstract:Small caliber projectiles, explosively driven fragments and micro-sized (cm3) warheads fabricated from Metastable Interstitial Composite (MIC) reactive materials are emerging as potential payloads for countermeasure systems against Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (RAM) threats. Some MIC composites have demonstrated energy values up to 10 kcal per gram, a level exceeding that of Tri-Nitro Toluene (TNT) by more than a factor of 10. The exploitation of such energies and the ability to apply it to specific military objectives provides opportunities for a new generation of counter RAM and other multi-functional warheads with enhanced lethality and decreased payloads. NEWTEC Services Group, Inc. (NEWTEC) has successfully developed and is actively testing small caliber MIC reactive projectiles and fragments. This capability demonstrates a significant technical and operational achievement in support of next generation miniature munitions and warheads with enhanced terminal effects. Impact velocities range from 1000 to 5,000 fps and consistently demonstrate abilities to deliver multi-gram quantities of reactive material through steel target plates up to 1/2" in thickness. The entrained materials are released upon target penetration and effectively introduce the reactive materials inside a designated target volume. Terminal effects appear scalable and demonstrate both incendiary and thermobaric properties.

TANNER RESEARCH, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Dr. Thomas Bartolac
Army 06-207      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Counter-Mortar Projectile and Gun-Launch System
Abstract:Tanner Research (TR) and Radiance Technologies (RT) propose to implement a medium-caliber gun-launched counter-mortar projectile. The team's 20-to-40 mm projectile concept will integrate a semi-active laser (SAL) seeker system on a reactive material airframe. The `reactive' projectile relies on contact fuzing with the incoming threat for enhanced lethality but has self-destruct fuzing to minimize collateral damage. Tanner's micro-scale SAL seeker with Radiance guidance and control (G&C) sensor processing of target data is used to drive a piezoelectric-actuated fin subsystem that delivers 10-to-25 "g" of lateral force maneuver control authority (MCA). A miniature COTS thermal battery powers the seeker, G&C processor, MCA fin actuation and the high voltage contact/self-destruct fuzing. Tanner's MEMS-based inertial igniter initiating the pyrotechnic thermal battery provides gun-launch safe separation functionality by closing a 1000-to-50000 "g" setback hypergolic switch. Tanner and Radiance will leverage ongoing sensor programs to provide 360 detection and pinpoint alert/cue accuracy vis--vis the incoming threat munitions' intercept azimuth and elevation. The proposed 20/40 mm projectile, with SAL-seeker, will be gun-launched from the advanced crew-served weapon (ACSW) system or the Mk19 grenade machinegun. Importantly, both ACSW/Mk19 systems have 3-to-5 m thermal optics and 1064 nm laser rangefinder needed during endgame hand-off for man-in-the-loop detection, laser designation and incoming threat intercept/destruction.

ACULIGHT CORP.
11805 North Creek Parkway S., Suite 113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Thomas H. Loftus
Army 06-208      Awarded: 14NOV06
Title:Fiber Laser Beam Combining for High Efficiency and Light-Weight HEL Systems
Abstract:Aculight proposes a fiber beam combining approach that provides the efficiency, thermal management, power-independent beam quality and ruggedness of fiber lasers with a system architecture scaleable to 10 kW and beyond. The approach is scaleable to 100+kW for military directed energy applications such as defense against rockets, artillery and mortars (RAM). The proposed work leverages Aculight's extensive experience in beam combining, and the ongoing development of high power, narrow line width, polarized fiber amplifiers. The project plan builds on proof-of-principle experiments already completed by Aculight and includes an experimental demonstration of the key concept in the Phase I, a 1 kW system demonstration in the Phase II, and a 10+kW system to be developed in Phase III.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5250
Dr. Leonard Haynes
Army 06-209      Awarded: 13NOV06
Title:DIV3: A Visual Battlespace Information System
Abstract:We propose a comprehensive and practical approach that will yield a complete near real time visual information system for DIV3. We will investigate Level 1 data fusion and Levels 2 and 3 information fusion so as to implement metadata and meta-knowledge structures of mathematical or ontological type, the structure of GIS databases, and the automatic updating and querying of such databases via clicking on a screen to access the networked DB. Some of our key features are: 1) the use of sensor management to assure quality of the Level 1 fused data; 2) the use of a master screen for the virtual battlespace and a supplementary screen where information for the items clicked on the master screen will be displayed so as to not obscure the virtual battlespace; 3) a planning assistant subsystem to aid the commander in planning missions; 4) a review of the literature for metadata and knowledge structures for high level fusion with GIS interaction and comparison with our own approaches that use intuitive belief networks and fuzzy Petri nets for fusing information via metadata at higher levels; and 5) applying computer vision algorithms for detecting changes in images, and developing algorithms for querying for detection.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Mr. Jacob Crossman
Army 06-210      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Predictive OPFORS for Simulation and Training (PROPS)
Abstract:The proposed Predictive OPFORs for Planning and Simulation (PROPS) is an intelligent task planner that uses predictive analysis to automate planning and plan execution for opposing force (OPFOR) units in simulation environments. We propose the integration of the intelligent task planner with OneSAF. The planner is based on a course of action (COA) generator developed for DARPA's Real-time Adversarial Intelligence and Decision-making (RAID) program, and execution of the plans by OneSAF is made more reactive and robust through the use of intelligent command agents based on software technology developed for the Army's Joint Fires and Effects Training System (JFETS).

STILMAN ADVANCED STRATEGIES
1623 Blake Street, #200
Denver, CO 80202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 809-0205
Dr. Vlad Yakhnis
Army 06-210      Awarded: 07NOV06
Title:LG Based Predictive Technology for Simulation and Training
Abstract:The need for developing and fielding decision aides based on "predictive technologies" is emphasized in the topic. Furthermore, the topic states that "[such technologies] and the associated training methods to increase their efficacy, are desperately needed by military Commanders and the civilian community (i.e., federal, local and state Governments)". Unfortunately, the present day simulation tools, such as OneSAF (Semi-Automated Forces) family of tools, are not by themselves sufficient to fulfill the needs for "predictive technologies" and "the associated training methods". STILMAN Advanced Strategies (STILMAN) has close familiarity with such tools due to the extensive work on the DARPA RAID project, where STILMAN has developed ARM-S, the RAID adversarial reasoning component based on the theory and technology of Linguistic Geometry (LG). In addition, STILMAN has been involved in several projects related to application of the LG based technology to training including LG-EXPERT for US Army Research Institute and LG-TRAINER for Joint Warfighting Center. In the following sections, we will provide arguments for exceptional suitability of the LG approach to support the needed predictive technologies and decision aids. Moreover, the LG based predictive technology combined with the emerging OOS ("Objective One-SAF") will provide a backbone for the associated training methods to increase their efficacy in the battlefield and for civilian applications.

DNOVUS RDI
1355 Central Parkway S., Suite 100
San Antonio, TX 78232
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 870-8072
Dr. Thomas Bevan
Army 06-211      Awarded: 08NOV06
Title:Reusable Synthetic Tissue for Severe Trauma Training
Abstract:The dNovus team is pleased to present its proposal to address the challenge of developing reusable synthetic tissue for trauma training. We propose a conceptual system and approach called "TraumaSKINS" which will provide a family of appliqus/attachments to existing and future patient simulators and which will have the "look and feel" of real, traumatized tissue. Emotional learning is one of the most salient issues for trauma care training because of the psychological impact of witnessing severe injury. Emotional learning for trauma care is one of the most difficult to train because it requires high fidelity and realism, particularly to medical personnel who already have some experience with trauma. Large numbers of medical training patient simulator "dummies" have been developed and sold for medical training. The TraumaSKINS approach puts emphasis on developing appliqus and attachments to existing and future patient simulator "dummies" in order to minimize cost. Special effects technologies will be used as a basis for development of this family of appliqus and/or attachments which can be made from inexpensive moldable materials that simulate the various types of tissue involved in traumatic injury. The TraumaSKINS developmental approach will use a spiral development process and the Instructional System Design (ISD) methodology.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 1801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2437
Dr. E. Webb Stacy
Army 06-212      Awarded: 02NOV06
Title:Virtual Puckster
Abstract:A key challenge for future immersive mission rehearsal and training systems is the control of computer-generated opposing and supporting friendly forces. Currently, large numbers of personnel (or "pucksters") are required to control computer-generated forces (CGFs), especially in simulated urban environments. In deployed settings, particularly for rehearsals at the platoon or company level, pucksters are not generally available in sufficient numbers to provide a useful exercise. Aptima will develop an operator control unit for CGFs that will provide a functionality we call virtual pucksters. Based on the commander's rehearsal or training objectives for his warfighters, the Virtual Puckster system will take orders from a company or platoon commander about what kind of experiences to replicate within a scenario. The system will then apply an appropriate level of intelligent behavior for the CGFs in order to provide this experience. Our approach combines gaming insights for easy-to-control entities with unique technology to embed training objectives in simulation scenarios. The Virtual Puckster system will be developed using a framework and interface based on a domain analysis and will allow a platoon leader or company commander to direct effective mission rehearsal and training exercises with little or no support from additional personnel.

POWDERMET, INC.
24112 Rockwell drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Mr. Brian Doud
Army 06-214      Awarded: 22NOV06
Title:Ultra-Light Weight Energy Absorbing Armor
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will prepare an integrally fabricated aluminum syntactic foam armor panel 36" X 36" square. The low cost, lightweight energy adsorbin amor concept is based on the use of a metal-encapsualted ceramic tile strike plate integrally fabricated with an aluminum foam energy adsorbing layer. A thin composite spall liner will finish the deisng. Use of 10,000 psig syntactic aluminum foam sturctual energy adsorbers enables dispersion of ballistic energy, greatly reducing spall liner requirements and thereby reducing cost and weight.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Mr. John Bulluck
Army 06-214      Awarded: 22NOV06
Title:Ultra-Light Weight Energy Absorbing Armor
Abstract:The U.S. Armys wheeled tactical vehicles are in need of lightweight ballistic protection that will provide sufficient defense for cargo in the open beds against ground fire and blast events. Texas Research Institute Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin) proposes a novel composite armor system that can afford this protection by dissipating the energy of the impact and/or blast while subsequently preventing penetration of projectiles. Aside from incorporating lightweight components in the armor, the proposed manufacturing process will also provide an inexpensive means to reduce the weight and also allow the panels to be molded into specific shapes. During Phase I, TRI/Austin will be working with a manufacturer of tactical vehicles for the Army who will provide technical assistance regarding incorporation of the panels onto their vehicles. Ballistics testing will be performed at an accredited facility using 7.62 x 51mm NATO ball rounds and .50 caliber fragment simulating projectiles (FSPs). Various environmental tests will be conducted based on methods outlined in MIL-STD-810 to ensure that the composite armor will maintain its effectiveness under harsh field conditions. The combination of new ballistic-protection materials and their production process will result in a lightweight, easily-installed, durable armor for military integration.

APPLIED PERCEPTION, INC.
220 Executive Drive, Suite 400
Cranberry Township, PA 16066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 934-8965
Dr. Mark Ollis
Army 06-215      Awarded: 21NOV06
Title:Real-time Radar Perception For UGV Navigation
Abstract:Though ladar and stereo have received far more attention for UGV navigation use, radar offers some unique benefits. Many radar systems have the ability to partially penetrate thin vegetation, fog, smoke, and other obscurants while detecting hidden solid obstacles. Also, some systems provide useful information in addition to range; for example, Doppler radars measure target relative velocities as well. Weaknesses of radar-based sensing systems (such as limited angular resolution and erratic readings due to specular reflections) are generally quite different than those of stereo or ladar, so that radar data can be particularly useful when fused with another sensing modality. Further, a number of inexpensive radar units are currently commercially available, marketed primarily as automotive driver warning systems. This proposal describes an effort to combine some of the unique advantages of radar with more widely-used ranging devices for UGV applications. Phase I work aims to design and partially implement a UGV perception system, using a COTS radar unit, to merge radar sensor data with ladar in real time to generate useful terrain characterizations for autonomous navigation. Also included is a Phase I option for modifying this design to support stereo data.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3291
Dr. Brian Yamauchi
Army 06-215      Awarded: 21NOV06
Title:Daredevil: Imaging Radar for Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:For the Daredevil Project, iRobot Corporation proposes to integrate the output of inexpensive, low-power, UWB radar sensors with higher-resolution range imaging devices to provide sensing for small UGVs. For Phase I, the key objectives will be to develop sensor configurations and processing algorithms to enable the system to reliably detect obstacles through foliage and through rain and snow. A unique feature of our approach is the use of polarimetric radar to distinguish foliage from solid objects. Common types of foliage (tall grass, open fields, crop fields) provide strong radar returns for vertically-polarized radar pulses and weak radar returns for horizontally-polarized radar pulses. In contrast, objects such as rocks reflect radar roughly equally regardless of pulse orientation. By computing the differential reflectivity of the target object, we expect to reliably distinguish vertically-oriented vegetation from other solid objects. For the Phase I Option, we will fuse the sensor returns from the UWB radar sensors with the high-resolution range data from a SICK LIDAR. During Phase II, we will complete the system design and build two fully-integrated prototypes. Each prototype will include a PackBot robot platform, UWB radar sensors, LIDAR, and stereo vision.

AMERICAN ANDROID CORP.
301 N. Harrison St., Suite 242
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 924-4490
Dr. David Handelman
Army 06-216      Awarded: 21NOV06
Title:Dexterous All-Terrain Biped
Abstract:The objective of the proposed project is to determine the feasibility and efficacy of using a two-legged, two-armed robot for inspection and EOD tasks. The project builds upon an agile two-legged platform currently under development for DARPA. The Tactical All-Terrain Biped (T/ATB) is intended to walk over arbitrary terrain using a real-time stereo vision system. The first prototype, a legs-only version, is undergoing initial testing. Follow-on versions will add two arms to enable crawling on steep terrain. The goal of the proposed Dexterous All-Terrain Biped (D/ATB) is to add high-degree-of-freedom hands, integrated locomotion and manipulation behaviors, and a unique operator interface to the ATB platform to achieve new levels of mobility, dexterity and adaptability in small military robots. Phase I involves designing the hands, developing one-hand and two-hand grasp behaviors, combining those behaviors with existing walk behaviors and testing the integrated system within a non-trivial simulation environment. Alternative power plants such as JP-8 fueled hybrid electric systems are explored as well. The Phase I Option includes building and testing a preliminary articulated hand and the development of a dual-mode manual/verbal operator interface for efficient task-based control. Construction of a full-scale prototype is planned for Phase II.

AUTONOMOUS SOLUTIONS, INC.
1946 South 1600 West
Young Ward, UT 84339
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(435) 755-2980
Dr. Matthew Berkemeier
Army 06-216      Awarded: 21NOV06
Title:High Speed Light Weight Omnidirectional Vehicle with Enhanced Manipulator Control
Abstract:There is an urgent need for a man-transportable EOD robot which can quickly traverse the distance between its operator and the suspected UXO, perform manipulation tasks requiring high dexterity, and then quickly return. This proposal describes an innovative solution to this need called `Taz'. Taz will weigh 40 kg, be capable of 40 kph for up to 8 hours, and will offer high dexterity manipulation by including a fully omni-directional base with a 3 DOF manipulator. Sophisticated control software will make coordination of the base and arm movement transparent to the user; the user will be able to specify the 6 DOF motion of the gripper, and the base and arm will automatically comply to realize the command. Innovative design features beside the control will include the use of different drive motors on separate drive wheels to provide both low and high speeds while saving weight and the use of recent developments in power technology to provide high speeds, weight savings, and long durations of use. Autonomous Solutions has a history of building innovative robotic vehicles, many of which have had omni-directional capability. ASI has also been recently pursuing low-cost, high-capacity, accurate robot arms with sophisticated control for EOD applications.

GEO SYSTEMS, INC.
210 S. Washington Ave.
Titusville, FL 32796
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 383-9585
Mr. Kevin Groah
Army 06-216      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Small Unmanned Inspection Vehicle with Manipulator Arm
Abstract:Small, high-speed, highly-maneuverable unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) with a manipulator; zipper mast and winch/hoist system using a tele-operated control system. This low cost UGV can be quickly reconfigured for chemical, biological and nuclear sensors as well as variety of cameras. The engine will be a rotational design that consumes heavy fuels measuring 10 inches long by five inches wide and currently under development. The structure will be made of lightweight, high impact thermoform material. The manipulator is currently under design via an U.S. Army, TARDEC, SBIR and is both low cost and meets program requirements. Extended line of sight is offered by integrating the control antenna to the Zipper mast when the signal gets minimal the mast raises to keep the UGV in line of sight. The zipper mast, when integrated with the winch system offers the ability to lift objects while the manipulator can cut wires. The Zipper mast offers a "look down" capability not found in todays UGV's. Existing voice communications from our product line can be integrated into this UGV.

RE2, INC.
32 Thirty-Ninth St.
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 398-0949
Mr. Jorgen Pedersen
Army 06-216      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Highly-Maneuverable, High-Speed Inspection Vehicle
Abstract:Military and Law Enforcement groups are increasingly relying on small Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) to perform life-threatening tasks ranging from under car inspection to Explosive Ordinance Disposal (EOD). Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) are becoming more prevalent in Iraq and Afghanistan. To combat the proliferation of IEDs, more and more small robots are being employed to maintain greater stand-off distances between soldiers and the devices. Currently deployed robots each offer various benefits such as hands-on inspection capability, high-speed reconnaissance abilities, or highly-maneuverable functionality. Our unique electro-mechanical solution, coupled with our innovative control algorithms offer a new inspection robot which fuses the strengths of the currently fielded robots into a next generation inspection robot. The robot features hybrid-electric power for increased missions, software and communications based on the Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems (JAUS) to promote interoperability, a next-generation Operator Control Unit (OCU) making use of COTS components, and a plug-n-play manipulator arm that can support current and future inspection tools.

OXAZOGEN, INC.
1910 West St. Andrews Road
Midland, MI 48640
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(989) 832-5590
Dr. Abhijit Sarkar
Army 06-217      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Instant-Blackening Laser Protection Material Based on Combinatorial Linear and Nonlinear Approaches
Abstract:To date, there are no light-activated instant-blackening optical materials for use in eye and sensor protection that can properly integrate with other essential equipments. This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I proposal offers to develop materials to meet requirements of (1) fast response time, (2) high transparency at normal illumination conditions, and (3) increased broadband spectral response for protection of eyes and sensors from laser beams, by pursuing a novel approach for design of composite optical limiters, in which two complementary non-linear optical materials, namely carbon nanotubes (CNT) and MPA chromophores, will be blended together in the same matrix. As an added protection, CNT will be functionalized with carbon-rich molecules which will help the laser protection barrier to blacken instantly via damage mechanism at higher laser intensity. A proprietary hyperbranched polymer that forms excellent optical quality films and coatings will be used as the host material for Phase I effort. Our choice of active components for optical limiting material and the host polymer will make it attenuate high intensity laser at the visible broadband region while allowing sufficient (more than 50%) transmittance of light under normal illumination. The unique combination of three different OPL mechanisms makes the proposed system a novel one.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Dennis P. Pacheco
Army 06-217      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Innovative Light-Activated Solid State Optical Material for Broadband Sensor Protection
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an all-solid-state optical limiter for the protection of both mobile military optical systems (e.g., tank periscopes) as well as the human eye. These broadband sacrificial elements will attenuate laser radiation throughout the visible by the rapid formation of irreversible, carbonized spots at relatively low fluences. Attenuation factors of at least 10^4 are possible using the proposed blackening mechanism, sufficient for protection against typical battlefield threat lasers. From previous damage measurements performed at PSI, we anticipate that the carbonized regions will form and begin attenuating the incoming radiation within the first nanosecond or so of the threat beam. The approach is very robust, allowing us to tailor the material properties for optimized response (a.) in optical systems of different f#'s, and (b.) for a wide range of threat scenarios. In Phase I, we will perform proof-of-concept tests, and then deliver one or more samples to the sponsor.

AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 663-9500
Dr. Kurt D. Annen
Army 06-218      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Alternative Power Source for Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Current small robotic platforms, or small unmanned ground vehicles (SUGV's), are facing increased mission requirements. The power supply capability of these SUGV's is frequently the limiting factor in the ability to meet the increased demands of additional electronics and sensors, and longer missions. A higher volumetric energy density alternative power source (APS) is needed to provide additional power for the mission while staying within the same size occupied by batteries. Aerodyne Research, Inc. proposes to modify its miniature engine/generator technology to meet the needs for a 250 W APS system. We have demonstrated operation of the miniature engine/generator at this size scale on JP-8 fuel. This engine/generator has a volumetric energy density above 1000 W-hr/liter for mission durations over 10 hours for a fully packaged system, including the fuel volume. In this proposed Phase I program, we will design a 250 W JP-8/diesel-powered APS system based on the miniature engine/generator technology for electric hybrid-mode operation of SUGV's.

D-STAR ENGINEERING CORP.
4 Armstrong Road
Shelton, CT 06484
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 925-7630
Mr. S. Paul Dev
Army 06-218      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:1.5 - 2.5 kW Diesel-Hybrid Power System for SUGVs
Abstract:The project aims to engage in detailed definition and preliminary design of the 1.5 to 2.5 kW heavy-fuel diesel-hybrid power system and its subsystems, performance analysis for the subsystems and the system, exploration of its feasibility including costs and risks, comparative performance analysis and assessment of other competing power and energy technologies, and preparation of a plan for development of the hybrid power unit.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics and Holography Division, 20600 Gram
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Xiaowei Xia
Army 06-219      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:High-Speed Optical Switch Based on Isotropic Liquid Crystals
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a fast, highly reliable, nonmechanical switch for optical waveguide devices, optical networks, and optical computing, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel nonmechanical High-speed Optical Switch based on nonlinear opto-optical switching in Isotropic Liquid Crystals (HOSILC), which is characterized by giant Kerr effect (exceeding hundred times than most traditional nonlinear materials) and fast response (less than nanoseconds). Geometry of the HOSILIC switch assures polarization independence. In Phase I POC will prove feasibility by fabricating and testing a bench-top HOSILC prototype. Modeling and simulation will optimize the design to meet the Army need. In Phase II POC will build on the successes of Phase I to develop a fully packaged HOSILC module comprising an array of switches. The module will demonstrate low insertion loss, high extinction ratio, long lifetime, and temperature insensitivity by a combination of analysis and laboratory experimentation.

M3TECHCENTER, LLC
45421 Glengarry Blvd.
Canton, MI 48188
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 844-8803
Dr. Song Zhang
Army 06-220      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Innovative Shape Memory Materials Process Techniques for Microelectronic Device Packaging
Abstract:Shape memory materials have shown great potential in MEMS applications, including improved housing structural performance and packaging reliability. In this Phase I study, new shape memory material processing and manufacturing technology will be developed, i.e. (1) Severe deformation of CNT-SMP composites for improved CNT dispersion, to be considered for MEMS housing structure materials with high strength, self-recovery, and electromagnetic shielding functions; (2) Combined reaction synthesis and forming for low-temperature/low energy processing of SMA and composites at low cost and improved performance, to be considered for MEMS structures and actuator components. The project will also develop understanding of the deformation process of SMM at the molecular, microstructural and macro scales, and will integrate the knowledge in mechanics, physics, chemistry and thermodynamics to build a solid scientific and experimental foundation towards innovative new MEMS material processing techniques. The proposed approach and objectives, if successful, will resolve critical issues of MEMS packaging performance and reliability and will provide low-cost and high efficiency SMM manufacturing methods.

SURFACE OPTICS CORP.
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
Mr. Mark S. Dombrowski
Army 06-221      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:A Fast Portable Hyperspectral Camera for the Detection of Camouflaged Objects
Abstract:A program to develop an advanced, portable 3-D hyperspectral imaging sensor capable of detecting camouflaged objects is proposed. The proposed portable Hyperspectral Advanced Detection Sensor (HADS) builds upon Surface Optics real-time hyperspectral imaging activities, including the Multi-band Identification and Discrimination Imaging Spectroradiometer (MIDIS) system and the 3-D Full-Cube Imager (FC-Imager). Simultaneously sampling 48 spectral bands from 0.28 Ym to 1.06 Ym over a full 2-D field of 588 x 432 pixels, the system is ideal for accurately measuring and exploiting spectral reflectance differences of tactical targets. Based upon requirements for simultaneous acquisition of all hyperspectral bands at each pixel in a full 2-D field, SOC will conduct a preliminary design of the HADS sensor, which will include a compact, rugged, inexpensive 3-D imager plus the real-time hyperspectral (HS) data processor. The proposed effort represents an extension of Surface Optics 15 years experience in hyperspectral imager design, and miniaturization (through ASIC development) of SOCs patented real-time hyperspectral image processor for real-time hyperspectral discrimination. By building on Surface Optics Corporations experience in hyperspectral imaging system development, sensor development, and algorithm development, the proposed program will produce a new portable near-UV to near-IR hyperspectral imager of unsurpassed capability, ideal for detecting camouflaged objects

BAND XI INTERNATIONAL, INC.
150 Beacon Hill Drive
West Hartford, CT 06117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 233-1526
Mr. John Cunningham
Army 06-222      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Mobile Embedded Component Suite (MECS)
Abstract:Band XI International will architect, design, develop and document an Equinox/OSGi based embedded component suite that addresses the need for tight, efficient, and usable: (1) bitmap oriented user interface framework, (2) pluggable off board messaging framework, and (3) device connection framework. Band XI will develop these components in an agile manner, driven by real scenarios and through a transparent and continuous build process. We will employ a specification by reference implementation approach, wherein any specifications, designs, or architecture decisions are supported by a running reference implementation to prove their viability. All development will be done with the Eclipse IDE and new tooling plugins will be added as necessary to improve the usability of the frameworks. Band XI International offers nearly a decade of experience in developing embedded Java applications that rely on a loosely coupled, highly cohesive component model. Band XI engineers have deep experience working with similar proprietary components and frameworks and know their comparative strengths and weaknesses. As a member of the Eclipse Foundation and the Open Services Gateway Initiative (OSGi), Band XI can call upon the breath and depth of those communities for validation and assistance in bringing the Mobile Embedded Component Suite to fruition.

CLIFTON LABS, INC.
7450 Montgomery Rd, Suite 300
Cincinnati, OH 45236
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 771-3751
Mr. R. Brian Anderson
Army 06-222      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:MECS: Mobile Embedded Component Suite
Abstract:The demand for open source software in the domain of embedded computing has seen an upward trend that will continue for the foreseeable future with the Java 2 Micro Edition being adopted as the platform of choice for 40% of mobile application developers. A market is emerging for open source Java middleware for embedded systems that promote rapid development of software for networked mobile devices. Clifton Labs is proposing to investigate the design and implementation of a Java development framework that supports embedded application development. The proposed product will be an open source software solution leveraging existing open source projects and standards. It includes a lightweight messaging framework based on the Java Message Service, and a rendering engine for a declarative, bitmap-based, user interface markup language. The product includes additional tooling for the Eclipse development environment, including a visual user interface designer.

ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION, INC.
5971 Kingstowne Village Parkway, Suite 110
Alexandria, VA 22315
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 236-0800
Dr. Thomas R. Gulledge
Army 06-223      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Development of Federated Enterprise Architecture Models for Lifecycle Knowledge Management
Abstract:The objective of this project is to research, design, develop, and implement an open architecture that is based on meta models and standards for the federated management of knowledge generated over the lifecycle of weapon systems in the Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) process. We begin with five assertions that constrain the PLM process in the Department of Defense. Given these constraints, our research hypothesis is the following: A set of web services can be architected to build on existing web services representations of the PLCS international standard to enable federated access to weapon system technical data across Army sustainment organizations and meet business requirements as delineated in the Army National Architecture. The technical objectives for this Phase I research are: 1. Fully develop the problem space, including a refinement of the constraints. 2. Research the technical literature related to PLM, PLM standards, Web Services (as applied to PLM), multi-platform application server integration, BPM (management & technical), Federated Architecture Alignment , and other areas that may be important in designing a prototype solution, 3. Refine the hypothesis, 4. Develop a requirements definition level model in a modern requirements modeling tool, and 5. Develop the appropriate documentation to support the transition to Phases II and III.

ALPHA STAR
5199 E. PACIFIC COAST HWY, SUITE # 410
LONG BEACH, CA 90804
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 985-1100
Dr. GALIB ABUMERI
Army 06-224      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Multi-Physics, Multi-scale Ground Vehicle Reliability Prediction
Abstract:Design of US Army ground vehicles, especially those that operate in combat environments, faces increasingly challenging requirements. The vehicles should be capable of operating in contrasting rough terrains and must support a wide range of optional equipment and payloads. Component and system durability /reliability are critical to mission success. Ground vehicle systems reliability is a function of the reliability of its sub-assemblies and their individual components. A multi-scale, multi-physics computational system is needed to address the complexity of the overall vehicle design. The proposed computational tool will evaluate component reliability, and eventually an entire Army vehicle. A multi-physics approach will evaluate the reliability of different components to various factors: mechanical fatigue, thermal stress, erosion, corrosion and other degradation effects, usage history, maintenance history, and manufacturing processes, including defects. The computational capability will be inclusive of: component modeling, finite element analysis, material degradation modeling, damage progression and damage tracking, and reliability evaluation. To dramatically increase computational efficiency, a parallel computing capability will be incorporated to concurrently assess reliability of multiple components prior to determining the overall system reliability. This capability will enable engineers to assess the reliability of a whole vehicle system and to eventually optimize the design for desired reliability.

GHIOCEL PREDICTIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6 South Main Street, 2nd Floor
Pittsford, NY 14634
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 641-0379
Dr. Dan M. Ghiocel
Army 06-224      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Multi-Physics, Multi-scale Ground Vehicle Reliability Prediction
Abstract:GP Technologies, Inc. proposes an innovative vehicle reliability approach for military vehicle that employs the most recent advances in engineering and numerical analysis software using high-performance computing. The proposed reliability approach uses a fast stochastic physics-based model simulation, including finite element and progressive damage models, that is integrated with refined stochastic response approximation techniques based on high-order stochastic field models. Bayesian framework is applied for handling modeling uncertainties, lack of data and stochastic model updating based on new evidence from test data or field observations. The proposed reliability approach includes the key multi-physics, including nonlinear behaviors and interactions between damage mechanisms, such low-cycle-fatigue-high-cycle fatigue and corrosion-fatigue interactions that can affect significantly predicted failure risks. Multi-scale aspects are integrated from the overall vehicle system behavior, to subsystem and component behavior, and down to very local material meso-scale fracture mechanics behavior. The proposed vehicle reliability approach bases on a fast stochastic finite element analysis technology that uses parallel graph-partitioning and parallel algebraic multi-grid gradient combined with gradient conjugate solvers. In Phase I, the proposed reliability approach will be demonstrated on the HMMWV front-wheel low-control arm subsystem. The effects of modeling uncertainties, due to finite element modeling and limited number of analysis runs will be also investigated.

STURMAN INDUSTRIES, INC.
One Innovation Way
Woodland Park, CO 80863
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 686-6285
Dr. Tibor Kiss
Army 06-225      Awarded: 21NOV06
Title:Advanced Fuel Injection System and Valve Train Technologies
Abstract:The Phase I research aim is to demonstrate how the Army's objectives; increased fuel economy, power density, and reduced specific heat rejection of high output diesel engines required to operate on battlefield available fuels, are achievable with Sturman technology. To maintain battlefield superiority, future military vehicles require engines with higher specific power output while maintaining or reducing specific heat rejection and fuel consumption. Enabling technology in air-fuel delivery for optimized combustion and advanced combustion strategies is required. Future engines will integrate high-pressure multi-mode fuel injection with fully flexible camless hydraulic valve actuation (HVA), operated and optimized with advanced electronic control algorithms utilizing in-cylinder pressure sensing for combustion feedback. Phase 1 will utilize Sturman's advanced modeling and analysis techniques, and existing test data, to demonstrate feasibility of this concept. Potential improvements to existing Sturman hardware will be evaluated to optimize performance demonstration in Phase 2. Converting Phase 1 analytical work to practice is the Phase 2 focus; emphasizing quantification of engine performance improvements through dynamometer testing. Achieving the Army's future engine goals requires utilization of Sturman's existing technology and knowledge to create a bridge to an advanced control system that fully integrates air and fuel to optimize the combustion process.

TRANSLUME
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6135
Dr. Thomas F. Haddock
Army 06-226      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Demonstrate Novel Techniques to Manufacture Advanced Complex Three-dimensional Fuel Injector Nozzle Shapes to Improve Combustion Efficiency and Reduce Emissions
Abstract:We propose to investigate the application of our proprietary and proven technique of writing holes in fused silica to the manufacture of diesel fuel injector nozzles. Specifically, this unique process should permit the creation of complex hollowed shapes in transparent fused silica injector nozzles. These shapes may have undercuts, Y-branching, internal baffles, guides, and other complex features that cannot be attained by the current techniques used to produce holes in fuel injector nozzles. These hollowed shapes cannot even be obtained using the latest ultrafast laser ablation technology when using non-transparent materials.

THE SY-KLONE CO.
P.O. Box 550859
Jacksonville, FL 32255
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(904) 448-6563
Mr. Steve Rumancik
Army 06-227      Awarded: 22NOV06
Title:Leap-Ahead Air Filtration Innovations and Technologies
Abstract:Existing military engine air intake systems rely heavily on barrier media filtration elements with, or without mechanical precleaning, to achieve satisfactory particulate removal from the intake air stream. Barrier media filter elements accumulate debris removed from the air stream and, as a necessity, must be replaced at frequent intervals creating heavy service and logistics burdens for operating forces.

ADVANCED ENGINES DEVELOPMENT CORP.
4338 West Monarch Place
Milwaukee, WI 53208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(414) 342-1881
Mr. Nicholas R. Hirsch
Army 06-228      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:A 42% Fuel Efficient, 650-HP, Advanced Diesel Technology Demonstrator
Abstract:AED Corp., Digital-Engines, and C-K Engineering will structure and focus their collective expertise to design, optimize technologies, build, test, and develop a 650-hp advanced diesel technologies demonstrator. The work will be supported by AED's Phase II Advanced Military Diesel Engine (AMDE) program. During Phase I this team of experts will incorporate AMDE design features, specifications, and performance targets into custom modeling and simulation programs. Phase I Option: an AMDE will be reconfigured to test and validate the sample model and simulation programs. The Phase II program will be incorporated with AMDE work to explore all the technologies potentially beneficial to achieving the 42% fuel efficiency. Optimized technologies will be incorporated in a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) based, dyno test and developed 650-hp prototype. AED's current AMDE program is hardware test and development oriented. Adding modeling and simulation, validated by AMDE demonstrators, is an ideal program to quickly explore and advance the diesel technologies needed to develop and produce a dual use range of horsepower size fuel efficient, high power density, advanced diesel engines needed to power Future Combat System (FCS) vehicles including hybrid electric - manned and unmanned. This proposal brings together the current and previous TACOM directed SBIR work of both AED and C-K Engineering in a delivered product that directly benefits the individual soldier and is invaluable to TACOM in its quest for advanced propulsion systems.

LIQUIDPISTON, INC.
77 Kirkwood Road
West Hartford, CT 06117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 833-4941
Dr. Nikolay Shkolnik
Army 06-228      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Research and Development Work to Optimize the Diesel Engine Design, to Operate at Greater than 42% Fuel Efficiency
Abstract:LiquidPiston, Inc. is developing a new engine technology that is uniquely positioned to provide a solution to the Army's objectives for an improved compression ignition engine. LPI's new High Efficiency Hybrid Cycle (HEHC) engine will have the following predicted characteristics: Compression Ratio: Variable, from 15:1 to 28:1 Power: 650HP Efficiency, at all power loads: >42%, potentially as high as 50% Specific power:(half aluminum, half steel: 1.4 [hp/lb] Power Density : 80 [hp/cu ft] Fuel injection pressure: 30,000 [psi] Fuel efficiency of over 42% will be achieved by using a new thermodynamic cycle, which combines 1) high compression ratio (similar ot that of the Diesel cycle), 2) constant volume combustion (similar to the Otto cycle), and 3) full utilization of expansion (Atkinson or Miller cycles). The new engine's compactness is due to a rotary piston design with lack of valves and a valve drive mechanism. Air-standard thermodynamic calculations have been completed to predict the engine's efficiency.

MAGNETIC APPLICATIONS, INC.
9810 Isabelle Road
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 257-2848
Mr. Harold Scott
Army 06-229      Awarded: 22NOV06
Title:High Output Alternator Control System
Abstract:The HPD (High Power Density) PM (Permanent Magnet) alternators designed and built by MagApp (Magnetic Applications Inc) have the highest power density of any vehicle alternators available today. 28 volt HPD systems from 300 to 600 amps at vehicle engine idle, with alternators from 38 to 48 pounds are being built and sold for commercial use. This power density could offer a tremendous advantage to supply 16kw of export power at idle or 33kw at 1500 rpm by replacing the conventional vehicle alternator. Mounts have been designed to install these alternators on Army HMMWVs and FMTVs. A 300 amp system was installed on a TARDEC supplied HMMWV and has been used in testing for the past year. A disadvantage of the HPD PM alternator is the wild frequency and voltage that the associated control has to manage. The control currently being built and used by MagApp on commercial applications is large and produces output ripple content unacceptable for the military. This SBIR proposal discusses a unique hybrid control that meets military ripple requirements, may be smaller and may offer tremendous robustness to wild, out of boundary load and engine rpm occurrences that can be fatal to electronic switching controls.

MILLENWORKS
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5501
Dr. Eric Anderfaas
Army 06-230      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Magneto-Rheological Fluid Active Damper Suspension System for a Tracked Vehicle
Abstract:MillenWorks has industry-leading experience in designing MR dampers and control systems for off-road military vehicles in sizes ranging from single seat dampers to the primary suspension of the Stryker LAV. Many damper-only and integrated gas-spring + damper configurations have been created and demonstrated successfully. Our innovation and demonstrated success will provide the background needed to execute a successful integration of an MR active damper on a heavy tracked vehicle.

MILLENWORKS
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5501
Dr. Eric Anderfaas
Army 06-231      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Electric Drive Running Gear System
Abstract:MillenWorks will perform various analyses to best define the operational modes and parameters for a tracked vehicle road wheel electric drive system. The scope of the problem contains the road arm assembly through the axle, hub, and road wheel design. Mobility models and simulations will be used to predict the performance of the vehicle when outfitted with the electric drive system. Trade off analysis will be performed with regards to motor power, cooling, speed reduction, motor type, and other specifications as they appear. MillenWorks will deliver at the end of phase 1 a methodology and general specifications for an electric road wheel drive system.

NOVELTECH, INC.
3725 Tremont Lane
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 207-1990
Dr. Mohammed Hailat
Army 06-232      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Shape Memory Alloy Reinforced Aluminum Foam composites for Ballistic Protection
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR program is to develop a methodology for designing shape memory alloy (SMA) reinforced aluminum foam composite armor for the army applications in lightweight ballistic protection. Achieving this armor will improve the ballistic properties with the use of emerging smart materials, reduce the vulnerability of the vehicle and crew for ballistic impact and will result in a reduced structure weight compared to the existing ceramic composite armor materials. Thre are three key areas of investigation: (1)Identifying the most promising discontinuous SMA fiber, the SiC particulate reinforcements and aluminum alloys, (2)Investigation of the feasibility of fabrication of the proposed SMA/SiC reinforced aluminum foam composites and investigation the various processing techniques to find a low cost manufacturing process for incorporating the SMA into the aluminum foam, and (3) Evaluation of mechanical properties and relationship between material composition/processing condition and resulting characteristics. Demonstrate the feasibility to produce the proposed composite having better mechanical properties including impact toughness.

DYNAMIC AIR ENGINEERING, INC.
620 East Dyer Road
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 540-1000
Mr. Frank J. Cantor
Army 06-233      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Advanced Military Cooling Designs and Techniques(AMCDAT)
Abstract:Military vehicle cooling systems must operate over a broad temperature range in hostile environments. The fans used in these systems are large, heavy, and require over 100 hp. These fans are usually driven by hydraulics or directly from a power take-off on a gear box. Operating speeds are limited by these drive technologies. Using a variable speed drive technology, such as an electric motor, would allow the fan to operate at higher speeds on demand. Operating at higher speed could reduce the fan envelope and weight. The challenge is to cool the electric motor in this hostile environment.

MKP STRUCTURAL DESIGN ASSOC., INC.
2500 Packard, Suite 105
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8860
Dr. Zheng-Dong Ma
Army 06-234      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Function-Oriented Reactive Structure Design with Smart Materials for Army's Future Ground Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of the proposed SBIR program is to develop a new and general design methodology for laying out innovative composite structures with imbedded sensing and actuation capabilities, which can be used in Army's future ground vehicles programs for improving structural performance and multi-functionality. Innovative active/reactive structure concepts will be direct outcomes of the new design methodology developed to cover a wide range of different applications, including vibration and noise control, damage detection, and ballistic and blast protections. A wide range of active and reactive materials, such as piezoelectric materials and shape memory alloys, can be used in the design process. Major focuses in the proposed research include: 1) develop a new and advanced design process for optimally distributing active/reactive material(s) in a reactive structural system, such as in a noise-suppressing structure or a non-explosive reactive armor, 2) develop a new design technique for the optimal mechanism design that can be used in a specific reactive structure. With the new design methodology developed, innovative reactive structure concepts, which may never existed before, can be developed, which may result in a wide range of potential applications.

VIBRATION-X, INC.
2 Eaton Court
Winchester, MA 01890
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 729-2892
Mr. Emanuele Bianchini
Army 06-234      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Noise and Vibration Control of Army Vehicles
Abstract:Vibration-X proposes to develop an active vibration (and noise) control system to reduce the interior noise in army vehicles. The solution will contain the following novelties: distributed actuator topology for both vibration and acoustic control, energy harvesting techniques to power the sensors used in the system, and integration schemes of actuators and sensors to the structure of the vehicle. Vibration-X has teamed up with Delphi Automotive and Florida Institute of Technology for this effort. Delphi will provide the functional requirements for the system, while Florida Institute of Technology will provide support in the sensor development and in the energy harvesting development. In Phase I of the program, the Vibration-X team will develop a proof of concept prototype based on a specified interior trim panel of an Army vehicle. The system will be comprised of piezoceramic actuators, sensors, control electronics, piezoelectric energy harvesting and energy management system. A 20-25dB vibration reduction is expected at the frequencies of interest, and an overall in-cabin noise reduction in the order of 6-8dB can be achieved. Phase II of the program will take the concept developed in Phase I and extend it to an entire vehicle. A multiplicity of panels will be evaluated, and a global in-cabin noise reduction will be targeted. The system will be prototyped and tested in typical operating conditions. Cost, performance and reliability of the system will be identified by the end of Phase II in preparation for product development.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics and Holography Division, 20600 Gram
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Naibing Ma
Army 06-236      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:In-Line Toxicity Monitoring System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for an in-line continuous water toxicity monitoring system to maintain the integrity of potable water supplies, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new in-line TOxicity MOnitoring (TOMO) system. This proposed system is based on an AChE reversible inhibitor immobilized on gold electrodes of a polymer micromembrane capacitive sensor array. The device will enable 92W tactical water purification system operators to continuously monitor and identify classes and concentrations of nerve agents, their hydrolysis products, industrial organophosphate compounds, and pesticides in water below military exposure guideline (MEG) detection limits, ensuring safe drinking water for soldiers. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of TOMO by detecting one class of compounds with three independent MEG chemicals, and demonstrate system efficacy by receiver operational characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. In Phase II POC plans to develop a TOMO prototype capable of detecting other classes of compounds that represent toxic industrial chemicals described in Tech Guide 230. The Phase II prototype will be able to monitor the performance of the granular activated carbon (GAC) column for breakthrough of contamination in a field environment, validated through third party testing.

ELTRON RESEARCH, INC.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
Dr. James H. White
Army 06-237      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Pollution Control Technologies for Use with High Sulfur Fuels
Abstract:The state-of-the-art pollution control technology for highway diesel engines is the NOx storage-release (NSR) trap and the catalytic diesel particulate filter (CDPF). The NSR incorporates precious metal and basic functions for oxidizing NO and adsorbing NO2. This makes the device vulnerable to the presence of sulfur oxides in exhaust gas; the adsorber is irreversibly poisoned at fuel sulfur levels of >15 ppm, requiring use of ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD). Because of the sulfur levels of JP 8, pollution control devices employed in civilian automobiles are not applicable to the military. This proposed project will apply Eltron's sulfur tolerant catalytic technology for after-treatment of exhausts from logistic fueled engines. The technology is based on a passive lean NOx catalyst which has demonstrated activity greatly exceeding that of competing passive lean NOx catalysts for NOx removal from diesel exhaust at an estimated current cost of ~$350 (versus ~$1400 for a catalytic NOx trap) for a heavy vehicle. Phase I will validate previous results, optimize catalysts, and test the catalyst in the exhaust of an engine operating on logistic fuel. Phase II will demonstrate a retrofit catalyst which outperforms existing technologies, while minimizing costs while transitioning the technology to the Army procurement system.

OASYS TECHNOLOGY, LLC.
25 Sundial Ave., Suite 404
Manchester, NH 03103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 232-8221
Mr. John Hall
Army 06-238      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Remote Autonomous Robot Mounted Laser Night Vision Surveillance System
Abstract:This proposal outlines a development path which leverages a legacy robot sensor system and evolves it into a completely self-contained sensor surveillance system with laser illumination function designed specifically to covertly penetrate architectural glass and vehicular windows. This system will operate as a standalone entity, requiring only power and a simple mounting surface from its host platform. It includes the laser illuminator, various night vision sensors, wireless links, and a head-mounted display. The sensor package is small enough to be mounted onto robotic platforms such as the Foster-Miller Talon or the iRobot Packbot.

PURSUIT ENGINEERING
1280 Holden, Ste. 109
Milford, MI 48381
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 684-5125
Mr. David A. Dean
Army 06-238      Awarded: 20NOV06
Title:Eye-Safe Class IV Robot Mounted Laser Night Vision
Abstract:This proposal will demonstrate the feasibility of producing a superior night vision system for robot platforms using patented eye-safe illumination from Class IV lasers. The capabilities will far exceed current technology in image clarity and field of view and prove adaptable to various robotic platforms with modular integration. A design proposal for an Option will include consideration of future technological advancements opportunites in major components.

---------- NAVY ----------

25 Phase I Selections from the 06.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Dr. John Wu
NAVY 06-143      Selected for Award
Title:Distributed Secure Control of Real-time Networks (DISCRETE)
Abstract:The Joint Forces Command (JFCOM) has identified the need for secure and dynamic management and control of real-time networks to empower war-fighting commanders in network centric personnel recovery and other combat operations. Current hub-centric network control systems limit the capability of the network managers to support dynamic configuration of real-time networks, due to the bottlenecks created by the procedure that requires a central authority to make any changes in the network configuration. Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) will leverage its extensive experience in secure satellite-based internetworking and other directly related network technologies to develop a novel system called Distributed Secure Control of Real-time Networks (DISCRETE) to support secure and dynamic management and control of IP-based networks. The distributed network control system will provide field commanders with agile and local control of real-time network configuration and security configuration. The security-integrated IP-centric system will be satellite-service-agnostic, providing the capability to make secure use of heterogeneous military and civilian satellite services. DISCRETE will be augmented with Logical Network Boundary Control to provide support for cross-domain collaborations for users with different levels of security clearance.

INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS INTERNATIONAL
1608 Spring Hill Road, Suite 200
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 883-8088
Dr. James Stevenson
NAVY 06-143      Selected for Award
Title:Secure Dynamic Configuration of Real Time Networks
Abstract:The C2 software applications that aid in managing and storing information have increased our military's effectiveness. The speed and power displayed in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) are dramatic evidence. However, as the volume of information has increased, so has the number of delivery systems-all having different parameters, and limitations in ability to rapidly move data from one location to another. The bulk of these systems are TCP/IP-based and as such, present the opportunity to provide a solution. By optimizing data exchange protocols, and by creating an innovative, dynamically reconfigurable grouping for each user, our two-tiered concept of the Dynamic Virtual Private Network and Joined Dynamic Virtual Private Networks addresses both the interoperability problem AND the rapid reconfiguration problem. ISI's design concept for dynamically configuring and controlling communications and location networks would support the operations of such systems as Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2), the Movement Tracking System (MTS), and the Global Personnel Recovery System (GPRS). We characterize the issues involved in the concept, define a design, and demonstrate feasibility by creating and disbanding DVPNs with a simple prototype. As an Option, we create a detailed design for Phase II.

SENTINEL AVE LLC
531 Main Street No. 1111
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 704-3579
Dr. Ulrich Neumann
NAVY 06-144      Selected for Award
Title:Automating the Production of Terrain Databases
Abstract:This proposal builds upon many years of research and experience in the problems of sensor fusion, and 3D modeling. Powerful modeling and data fusion systems, previously developed by the investigators at USC and at Sentinel, will be extended with new capabilities to produce a step change in the automation of modeling and feature extraction for geospatial database systems. The new algorithms are based on our recent explorations into perceptual grouping and classification with sensor cues, feature invariants, and machine learning. Specifically, we integrate the mathematics of tensor voting, Gabor wavelets, and feature-based recognition to automate the extraction of geometric models and terrain features from aerial images and Lidar data. Early results show the feasibility and advantages of our approach. The integration of these methods to attack the feature extraction and modeling problems has never been attempted, to the best of our knowledge; therefore our effort brings a new approach to the geospatial database problem, with the potential for making significant improvements in automation, robustness, and throughput.

TERRASIM, INC.
One Gateway Center, Suite 2050, 420 Ft.
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 232-3646
Mr. Wilson Harvey
NAVY 06-144      Selected for Award
Title:Automatic Compilation of 3D Road Features Using LIDAR and Multi-spectral Source Data
Abstract:Under this Phase I SBIR, TerraSim, Inc. will develop a novel and robust road network extraction system tailored to the rapid processing of LIDAR data and co-registered reflective and multi-spectral imagery. RoadMAP(tm) from TerraSim, a single image semi-automated road detection and tracking system, will be modified to derive and incorporate height estimates from LIDAR and surface material estimates from multi-spectral data as new and integral components of the road network extraction process.

APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES CORP.
475 Bridge Street, Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
Mr. Jason Rudzinsky
NAVY 06-145      Selected for Award
Title:Mounting of Acoustic Vector Sensors on UUVs
Abstract:Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations in the littorals require higher sensor densities than are generally necessary in blue-water environments, and inevitably place sensor platforms within striking range of enemy combatants. Technological preparations for the littoral battlespace have motivated development of unmanned underwater vehicles as cost effective ASW and mine detection sensor platforms. In parallel, new sonar system concepts are being developed for use on-board UUVs, including acoustic vector sensors, which measure at a collated point both the scalar acoustic pressure and the acoustic particle motion vector. These sensors provide for directionality in a compact body, and are ideally suited for use on UUVs. To date, a consistent and effective method for installing vector sensors within the "footprint" of a UUV has not been achieved. We here propose a dual-track development in response to SBIR Topic N06-145. In the first track, we will develop a concept in which a pre-mounted vector sensor, built into a protective pod housing, can be used either in the nose section or on the exterior of a UUV body. In the second concept, we will investigate and develop an approach in which the (typically) neutrally buoyant vehicle itself acts as a low frequency vector sensor.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Mr. Robert Karnes
NAVY 06-145      Selected for Award
Title:Compact, Isolating Elastomeric Suspension for Vehicle Acoustic Vector Sensor
Abstract:The increasing use of small platforms such as unmanned underwater vehicles, which cannot support large hydrophone arrays, is driving the development of compact sensors which also work at lower signal-to-noise ratios. The acoustic vector sensor incorporates 3-axis accelerometers whose output can be integrated to give local fluid particle velocity information, so a single AVS can give unambiguous bearing information. Multiple vector sensors in arrays of moderate size can improve spatial resolution. For this sensor to respond with fidelity, it must be essentially adrift in the medium, hence mounting on a moving vehicle is necessarily a compromise. Also, there will always be a compromise between exposure of the sensor to the free field and its isolation from hydrodynamic loads. Finally, any type of mounting will be prone to transmitting some ownship noise into the sensor. KaZaK sees the problem in terms of vibration isolation and impedance matching, and proposes to address it by means of advanced materials: Reducing transmissibility of noise and accelerations with very soft "springs" embodied in an innovative 3-axis series shear mount, and surrounding the sensor with material of good impedance match to the medium and which lends itself to shaping for low drag and flow induced noise.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Mr. Dave Baird
NAVY 06-145      Selected for Award
Title:Mounting of Acoustic Vector Sensors on UUVs
Abstract:Vector sensors have been shown to operate very effectively in free field applications and are showing promise in the area of towed array configurations. The four channel (combination three axis accelerometers and hydrophone) sensors allow narrower beams to be generated with a smaller number of senors over a smaller foot print than can be obtained from simple hydrophones; however, they have been shown to be senitive to vibrations when rigidly mounted to moving platforms. The effort would support the development of mounting systems that could be faired into the hull of an ASW support UUV and provide isolation from hull vibrations

SS ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL INTERNATIONAL, INC.
4755 Colt Road
Rockford, IL 61109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(815) 873-9220
Mr. Shyam N. Singh
NAVY 06-146      Selected for Award
Title:Passive Combustion Control for Turbine Engine Noise Reduction
Abstract:The objective of this research proposal is to investigate the effect of porous inserts on reducing the combustion generated noise from turbine combustor.This investigation of this passive combustion control concept will be conducted in a liquid and or gas fired cylindrical( six inch dia) combustor used in reducing gaseous emissions under contract number N00014-02-C-335.The proposed research will be conducted for atmoshpheric and high pressure operating conditions, using metallic and or ceramic porous inserts with different geometry and aspect ratios. During the investigation we will measure the temperature profile,pressures and noise levels for different air to fuel ratios and pore structure of inserts and their locations in the combustor.Based upon our test results,we will determine the model parameters for developing a numerical model to help screen the important design parameters that would be needed in designing specific geometry of the porous inserts units. Using both experimental and numerical data, we will develop a test matrix needed to conduct further investigation in Phase II . We have got the letter of interest from Hamilton Sunstrand ,a manufacturer of auxiliary power units used in commercial and military aircrafts.

ULTRAMET
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Mr. Timothy R. Stewart
NAVY 06-146      Selected for Award
Title:Passive Combustion Control Device for Noise Reduction and Improved Life in Turbine Engines
Abstract:To reduce combustion instability and noise in turbine engines, Ultramet will team with the University of Alabama to design, model, fabricate, and test refractory hafnium carbide/silicon carbide open-cell ceramic foam to be used in the combustion chamber as a passive control device. Previous work at the University of Alabama utilized Ultramet's open-cell silicon carbide foam as a porous insert medium burner for lean premixed combustion to reduce pollutant emissions. When combustion took place inside the foam, nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide emissions were greatly reduced; temperature across the test burner was homogenized; and the noise level inside the combustor was drastically reduced. However, the lifetime of the silicon carbide foam burner was limited because of the relatively low melting point of the silicon dioxide protective layer that forms at the surface. The proposed ceramic alloy foam is protected from oxidation by a much more refractory surface oxide, hafnium silicate, which offers a nominally 1000F higher use temperature. The ceramic alloy also has improved survivability in combustion environments containing a significant quantity of water vapor. Two approaches using open-cell foam as a passive control device will be explored. In the first, the foam will be located downstream of the reaction zone to dissipate the combustion noise and/or instability generated upstream. In the second, the vortex shedding mechanism of combustion instability will be curtailed by placing foam within the recirculation region of the reaction zone.

OBJECTVIDEO
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive, Suite 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9300
Dr. OMAR JAVED
NAVY 06-147      Selected for Award
Title:Intelligent Retrieval of Surveillance Imagery
Abstract:ObjectVideo (OV) proposes the development of tools and architecture for automatic forensic analysis and retrieval of video data. This effort enables accurate mining of surveillance video data based on target analysis and complex activity recognition. The video analytics solution proposed by ObjectVideo will entail a unified data management framework that integrates video, annotation text, maps and geo-reference data for robust video retrieval. OV's existing Forensics product enables simple event retrieval based on target detection, tracking and classification algorithms. Under Phase I funding, we will develop algorithms to (a) recognize interactions between targets, (b) detect unusual and threatening multi-agent behaviors and (c) recognize targets in un-tagged data from examples. A powerful query/inferencing language will be used to allow users to formulate queries based on logical combination of target features, behavior descriptions and temporal constraints. Intuitive user interfaces will be incorporated for easy query creation and result visualization.

SET ASSOC. CORP.
3811 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 350
Arlington, VA 22203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 965-6288
Dr. Thomas Strat
NAVY 06-147      Selected for Award
Title:Intelligent Retrieval of Surveillance Imagery
Abstract:SET Corporation proposes to design, develop and demonstrate content-based retrieval tools and a user-friendly interface that enable users of video surveillance systems to easily conduct video-based forensics and IMINT from video imagery and display entire event histories for a given target or alerting event, regardless of whether the video data was tagged during acquisition. Our system integrates existing in house algorithms for color, appearance, face, gait, motion and shape-based retrieval of video content guided by a knowledge management architecture that allows non-monotonic reasoning and user interactions. The color and appearance based retrieval is based on a novel geometric transform; face based retrieval is implemented using probabilistic recognition of faces in videos; gait-based retrieval is implemented using a novel human gait signature for detecting the presence of humans and recognizing the activities they are involved in; motion and shape based retrieval is based on a novel application of factorization theorem. Residual analysis techniques are proposed for detecting anomalies in video. The user-interface is designed using extensions of quick-look profiles. The integrated system offers potential advantages for force protection and anti-terrorism in terms of automated alerts that improve the effectiveness of responses to threats and reduce manpower requirements for analysts.

UTOPIACOMPRESSION, CORP.
11150 Olympic Blvd., Suite 1020
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Dr. Hieu Tat Nguyen
NAVY 06-147      Selected for Award
Title:A Semantic Based Surveillance Video Indexing and Retrieval System
Abstract:Beside robust tracking algorithms, a set of efficient and effective tools for video analysis is an important part of security video surveillance systems. The analysis of pre-recorded videos is necessary to discover trends and patterns of threat activities, to evaluate the performance of the security system, and to develop and test new protection rules. The video analysis software should provide security professionals with powerful tools to search and retrieve sophisticated information and knowledge about monitored objects and activities. Currently available content-based video retrieval systems allow for queries on descriptive information, such as target color, location and motion speed/direction, but fall short of searching for high level semantic concepts. Moreover, they lack flexibility as the user has no opportunity to tune the system to achieve best result for a particular query. The objective of this project is the feasibility of an innovative Semantic-Based Video Indexing and Retrieval system (SBVIR) to help security professionals rapidly and effectively search for intelligent information from stored surveillance videos. Our technology is based on a set of powerful statistical classification algorithms that create highly semantic metadata for objects and activities. The system interacts with the user to iteratively increase accuracy and relevance of the retrieved data.

ANTHROTRONIX, INC.
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0770
Ms. Corinna Lathan
NAVY 06-149      Selected for Award
Title:Automated, Real Time Bi-directional Communication Instrumentation of Combat Attire for Anti-Terrorism Operations
Abstract:Military environments, specifically counter-terrorism and special operations, are characterized by individual and team decision makers who may be spatially (line of sight) separated and must coordinate to share information and resources to attain mission goals in dynamic and uncertain situations. The objective of this SBIR is to develop a prototype embedded Team Status and Signaling System (TS3) that can be embedded in the combat attire of the special operations dismount warfighter for real time capture of individual location and action information, as well as static and dynamic hand signals, for subsequent presentation to the unit commander and other team members in a tactical operational environment. The TS3 will include a range of sensors such as accelerometers, goniometers, magnetometers and bend and pressure sensors, as well as pattern matching algorithms for signal processing. Instrumentation of each team member could enable status information such as position, body posture, movement, and weapon status of each individual team member to be automatically collected and communicated in real time to the unit commander or other pertinent team members, increasing overall team situation awareness without distracting from the mission goals. A Phase II effort will implement vibro-tactile feedback for presentation of the data via vibratory effectors.

DESIGN INTERACTIVE, INC.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Ms. Kelly Hale
NAVY 06-149      Selected for Award
Title:Development of a System for Tactile Reception of Advanced Patterns (STRAP) to Support Bi-directional Haptic Communication
Abstract:The current effort proposes the development of a portable, low power, lightweight, unobtrusive, real time, bi-directional haptic communication system using vibratory tactors and sensors embedded in combat attire, which provides real-time information to squad leaders and individual warfighters during limited vision or out-of-sight operations. During Phase I, investigators will develop and validate a System for Tactile Reception of Advanced Patterns (STRAP) that uses vibrotactile technology to display a haptic communication language developed under this effort. The haptic language will consist of haptic symbols and a generative grammar for presenting complex information associated with Special Operations Forces (SOF), such as warfighter posture, movement and weapon status, as well as a means to convey commands such as those currently conveyed via hand signals. Phase II will incorporate the STRAP and embedded Team Status and Signaling System (TS3) systems (parallel effort by AnthroTronix) into a single bi-directional haptic communication system, and validation of techniques developed in parallel Phase I efforts for conveying status information, issuing haptic commands, and summarizing status and command information for haptic presentation will be completed. The resultant haptic communication system will enhance information throughput, situation awareness, and performance of SOF team members by utilizing human multimodal information processing capabilities.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Guanghai Jin
NAVY 06-151      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Fiber Optic Connectors for Condition Based Maintenance
Abstract:Leveraging on our extensive production experience on glass ferrules and micro-optic components, AGILTRON proposes to realize a new class of fiber optic connectors with built-in stress relief and special fiber optic components of miniature beam splitters and 90 degree reflectors, targeted for structural health monitoring applications of military assets. These connectors and components are very lightweight, miniature in size, easy to interconnect, easy to mount on the surfaces of materials; and highly reliable and durable. The design intrinsically eliminates damaging thermal cycling stress, providing excellent temperature stability and longevity. Furthermore, our designs offer advantageous attributes of quick action, minimum operation space, built-in cable retention, low cost, and withstand severe environmental conditions. The feasibilities of the glass ferrule connector and miniature 90 degree reflector have been successfully demonstrated. In this Phase I program, state-of-the-art ruggedized fiber connector, reduced size beam splitter, and miniature 90 degree reflector that meet the low loss and reliable operational requirement in military/aerospace avionics fiber-optic sensor network environments (including the extreme -75 to +200 C range) will be further developed and demonstrated.

TRANSLUME
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6330
Dr. Philippe Bado
NAVY 06-151      Selected for Award
Title:90-degree Fiber Optic Connectors for Condition Base Maintenance
Abstract:Translume is proposing a novel interconnecting approach that should provide a simple, yet extremely robust and reliable way of attaching single-mode fibers, in tight spaces such as small avionic bays. This approach, which is compatible with environment where explosive vapors are present, can be adapted to create a simple, robust and reliable way of connecting single-mode fibers at 90-degree angles.

ALTEX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8303
Dr. Mehdi Namazian
NAVY 06-152      Selected for Award
Title:Naval Aviation Logistic Fuel Desulfurizer
Abstract:Altex Technologies Corporation and Penn State University (PSU) have developed and demonstrated desulfurizers from 20 watts to 10 kWe for different logistic fuels and different fuel cell applications. In particular a 10 kWe Logistic Fuel Sulfur Removal (LFSR) system has been developed for Navy shipboard applications that effectively removes sulfur from JP-5. While LFSR is effective in desulfurizing JP-5, it is not directly applicable to aviation applications. Naval aviation requires a desulfurizer that is ultra compact, light weight, fast start, and flight worthy to 70,000 altitude and is able to withstand flight vibration and potential crash shock. All these requirements are met by the proposed Naval Aviation Logistic Fuel Desulfurizer (NAVLFD) that will effectively reduce the JP-5 sulfur from 3000 ppmw to a level suitable for PEM fuel cell. Innovations are included to make the system ultra compact, flight worthy, vibration and shock proof and meet other stringent aviation requirements. Under the proposed Phase I, the NAVAIR and ONR inputs will be used to refine the NAVLFD design. A breadboard unit will be developed, fabricated, tested and delivered for independent testing. This unit will not be optimized for weight and volume but will be a reasonably compact NAVLFD that will receive JP-5 and clean it to below 1 ppmw sulfur level. During a successful Phase II, the unit will be refined and optimized to and improved to deliver a flight worthy NAVLFD.

NU ELEMENT, INC.
2323 N. 30th St., STE 100
Tacoma, WA 98403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 573-1780
Dr. Michael K. Neylon
NAVY 06-152      Selected for Award
Title:Desulphurization of Logistic JP-5 Jet Fuel for Enhanced Fuel Cell Operations
Abstract:The proposal solicits funding for the development of a fuel processing component for the reforming of sulfur-laden JP-5 and other logistic fuels as part of an overall fuel cell energy system. Sulfur in such fuels will hinder the performance of reforming processes and the fuel, but existing sulfur-handling methods either are too difficult to adapt to small on-board reforming systems, or will require frequent maintenance to replace adsorption beds. The proposal outlines the work towards the development of a processing step based on the pre-reforming of the fuel in order to achieve two goals simultaneously: to and to strip and remove the sulfur species from the lighter fuel product in order to be either captured or vented later, and to reduce the fuel to small hydrocarbons that are less prone to coke formation at higher temperatures. The overall process include regeneration and redundancy for protection of downstream processing components. The proposal described a two phase work plan. In the first Phase, catalysts for the proposal process will be developed and tested in laboratory conditions to determine the feasibility of the process. In the second Phase, a test bed unit for this process will be built and demonstrated.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Dr. Gokhan Alptekin
NAVY 06-152      Selected for Award
Title:JP-5 Desulfurization System
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells and the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) require a clean, essentially sulfur-free feed stream to prevent the poisoning of the fuel cell anode catalyst. Unfortunately, battlefield fuels (i.e., JP-5) contain high levels of refractory sulfur species (up to 3,000 ppmw), which need to be removed by advanced fuel processing technologies. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a novel sorbent-based desulfurization system, an integral part of a compact and efficient fuel processor, to produce a clean hydrogen feed from high sulfur fuels. In Phase I, we will develop a high capacity, regenerable adsorbent and demonstrate that its potential to reduce the sulfur content of the fuel to sub ppm levels tolerable by the fuel cells. We will show the long-term durability and regeneration capability of the sorbent under representative conditions. Based on experimental data, we will also carry out preliminary design of a desulfurization system integrated to a fuel processor that can deliver sulfur-free feed required to operate a 1 kW fuel cell APU.

IMPACT COMPUTING CORP.
606 Burnt Mills Avenue
Silver Spring, MD 20901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 593-2350
Mr. Hyam Singer
NAVY 06-154      Selected for Award
Title:Simulation, Mission Rehearsal, and Training Tools (SMRTTs) for Counter-Terrorism Operations
Abstract:Impact Computing proposes development of a Simulation, Mission Analysis, Rehearsal, and Training (SMART) tool. Key features include: . Dynamic, extensible geospatial 3D object database . Intuitive, easy-to-use tools for 3D spatial object creation and editing . Easy-to-use scripting mechanisms . Extensible and reusable script-based library of training scenarios and rehearsal . Collaborative mission planning and rehearsal capability . Support for low-bandwidth collaboration . 2D / 3D integrated view . Autonomous rapid 3D data collection sensor system . Open, well-defined interface mechanisms that maximize interoperabilit . Highly portable and easy to deploy browser-based clients . Extensible, plug-and-play architecture and modular framewor . Flexible and highly-configurable Our comprehensive SMART solution will enable mission planners, trainers and warfighters to fully exploit and integrate 3D geospatial visualization into their mission planning, training, execution and debriefing processes. Impact Computing will be supported on this effort by Object Raku Technologies, developers of the Sextant suite of 3D scene rendering tools.

SONALYSTS, INC.
215 Parkway North, PO Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3621
Ms. Margaret Bailey
NAVY 06-154      Selected for Award
Title:Photogrammetry for 3D Scene Generation to Support Simulation, Mission Rehearsal, and Training Tools (SMRTTs)
Abstract:3D simulated environments will benefit mission rehearsal and training for counter-terrorism operations. The challenge is to create SMRTTs for simulating actual 3D environments that are easy to use, quicker, and more accurate than existing tools. To reproduce actual locations in a simulated 3D environment, photogrammetry will be the primary tool. Photogrammetry, a sophisticated image processing technique based upon triangulation, generates 3D models from 2D digital images. Properly used, photogrammetry can create exceptionally accurate 3D models. We will apply photogrammetry to the problem of visualizing the battlefield in 3D in a time-sensitive environment. Central goals will include automating the process to the maximum degree possible, and finding the optimum trade-off between speed and accuracy. The models will be stored in formats that can be easily edited by existing tools such as SketchUp. To further support training and mission rehearsal, a simulation framework will be provided. The Extensible Modeling and Simulation Framework (XMSF), a set of Web-based technologies within an extensible framework, will accommodate emergent modeling and simulation technologies and will also provide a means to interoperate with legacy simulations such as CTDB and OpenFlight. We will provide a cost effective solution for 3D visualization and simulation.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Anthony J. Dietz
NAVY 06-158      Selected for Award
Title:High Temperature Superconductor Quick Disconnect
Abstract:Superconducting degaussing, propulsion and power systems offer potential weight, size and performance advantages over conventional systems. High temperature superconductors enable superconducting operation at higher temperatures, reducing the size and complexity of the cooling system. Many of the required technologies for these systems are commercially available. However, new connector technology is required for such systems to be viable in the operation environment of a Navy ship, where routine maintenance and rapid damage repair will necessitate the disconnection and replacement of system components. Creare proposes a High Temperature Superconductor Quick Disconnect (HTSQD), which combines a demountable HTS joint with minimal electrical resistance with Creare's proven and patented U-Guard cryogenic seal. Our design goals are to minimize electrical resistance, minimize heat leak, and maximize operability, reliability and maintainability. Furthermore, the connector design will be guided by a system-level analysis. In Phase I we will prepare a preliminary design of the HTSQD and we will demonstrate its feasibility through tests and analyses. In Phase II we will fabricate a prototype connector and measure its performance.

TAI-YANG RESEARCH CORP.
9112 Farrell Park Lane
Knoxville, TN 37922
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 805-7261
Mr. Scott Marshall
NAVY 06-158      Selected for Award
Title:Rugged Low Heat Leak Cryogenic Seals and Electrical Quick Disconnects
Abstract:Tai-Yang Research Company of Knoxville, TN proposes to design, fabricate, and test a novel cryogenic quick disconnect with a high temperature superconducting electrical connection. This novel quick disconnect is rugged, lightweight, and based upon proven cryogenic vacuum technology.

OCEAN ACOUSTICAL SERVICES & INSTRUMENTATION SYST
5 Militia Drive
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 862-8339
Dr. Kevin Heaney
NAVY 06-160      Selected for Award
Title:Autonomous seafloor geotechnical property sensor
Abstract:Remote classification of seafloor geotechnical properties is addressed in this SBIR. In shallow coastal waters, the current standard Navy databases do not contain information of suitable quality to determine pre-mission whether seafloor mines will be proud or buried, whether deployed bottom arrays will sink in mud or roll away from prescribed locations, or the performance of mine countermeasure (MCM) or anti-submarine warfare (ASW) systems. Sediment characteristics can be determined acoustically by using a combination of seismic reflection, reflection coefficient vs. grazing angle and interface wave travel time measurements. OASIS Inc. proposes to develop a system based upon existing Autonomous Undersea Vehicles (AUV) and novel acoustic measurement approaches for sediment characterization. By examining a combination of these hardware systems, algorithms and signal processing approaches, a system will be designed that has the cost, deployability, accuracy and resolution required for this challenging problem. OASIS proposes to work with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to leverage existing AUV systems for remote, autonomous acoustic classification of seafloor sediments.

OMNI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P O Box 766
Slidell, LA 70459
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(228) 813-1800
Mr. Sean Griffin
NAVY 06-160      Selected for Award
Title:Autonomous seafloor geotechnical property sensor
Abstract:Omni Technologies, Inc. (OTI) is proposing to develop an autonomous, geotechnical survey tool for mapping marine sediment properties. Our approach is to leverage one of the available man-portable autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and develop an instrument capable of surveying a wide area. OTI proposes to combine a geotechnical instrument(s) with an acoustic sub-bottom profiler to combine large area coverage with accurate results. OTI will develop the sub-bottom profiler for a man-portable AUV based on our experience building medium size AUV profiler systems. While sub-bottom profilers coupled with sidescan sonar provide wide coverage of the seafloor, sediment classification from these acoustic data requires ground truth using geotechnical measurements. OTI will investigate various geotechnical sensors that can be autonomously deployed from a small AUV to obtain sediment shear strength at locations determined autonomously by the AUV during the survey. Reliable estimations of shear strength have been obtained with penetrometers, making them the leading candidate for our sensor package. Additional parameters (grain size, porosity, etc.) would be also be helpful and OTI will investigate alternative or additional sensors during Phase I.

---------- DARPA ----------

12 Phase I Selections from the 06.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Bryan Dickerson
DARPA 06-004      Selected for Award
Title:Nanocrystal FRET Probes for Multi-Wavelength Analysis of Protein Dynamics
Abstract:Luna Innovations will demonstrate the feasibility of using a novel set of nanoparticle fluorescence resonant energy transfer (FRET) probes to monitor protein dynamics via real-time single-molecule spectroscopy. The proximity-dependent FRET-like interaction between nanoparticles would translate into time-dependent spectroscopic monitoring of changes in a protein molecule's shape. The nanoparticle emitters will meet the following probe constraints: fluorescence FWHM less than 10 nm, probe diameter less than 3 nm, photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) greater than 90%, suspension in water, conjugation with antibodies. Strategies for optimizing the synthesis of these nanoparticles specifically for this application will be reviewed.

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES GROUP
PO Box 3390
Winter Park, FL 32790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 628-2530
Mark Koltko-Rivera,
DARPA 06-007      Selected for Award
Title:Extremely Low Attention Demand Information Systems (ELADIS)
Abstract:The U.S. military has a pressing need to increase human information throughput. The proposed research will explore the effectiveness of a method to enhance human cognitive performance, to increase information uptake. Specifically, we propose the investigation of an innovative approach to the direct enhancement of the function of the human cognitive 'hardware' through nonpharmaceutical means: neurofeedback. This proposal describes research directed at proof-of-concept regarding the enhancement of human attentional capacity in military-relevant tasks through neurofeedback (the combination of electroencephalography and operant conditioning).

SMART INFORMATION FLOW TECHNOLOGIES, (SI
211 N 1st Street
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 339-7438
Chris Miller
DARPA 06-007      Selected for Award
Title:Extremely Low Attention Demand Information Systems (ELADIS)
Abstract:We bring together research from cognitive psychology, social psychology and neuroscience to create an innovative approach to enhancing recognition of facial images through brief exposure presentation. Recent research has established that such brief exposure presentations can be more effective than longer-duration presentations of the same images in achieving affective and memory effects. We rely on a principle called the `mere exposure' effect to produce an affective response which is detectable with skin conductance response or other simple sensors, and verifiable with fMRI and similarly sophisticated brain imaging techniques. Further, there is some evidence that these techniques may be able to produce not just affective or memory enhancement, but visual performance enhancement.

COUGAAR SOFTWARE, INC.
7925 Jones Branch Drive
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 506-1700
Todd Carrico
DARPA 06-008      Selected for Award
Title:Distributed Frameworks for Dynamic Human/Agent Collaborative Problem Solving
Abstract:The objectives of this effort are to build upon the body of previous work by Cougaar Software Inc. (CSI) and University of Texas, Austin (UT) to develop a complete distributed framework for dynamic human / agent collaborative problem solving. This effort would specifically augment our current framework capabilities with key capabilities necessary to deliver a high-quality usable tool capable of achieving highly capable human / agent collaborative problem solving in complex environments and demonstrate that tool in a representative domain with real planners and reasoners. The key research objectives of this effort are to design, develop and integrate (1) a comprehensive framework for implementing distributed problem solving networks specifically geared toward maximizing the effectiveness of human / agent collaboration; (2) a suite of services and support infrastructure to enable the collaboration, cooperation and communication between human and agents actors in a dynamic system; and (3) demonstrate the feasibility of the framework and services in a limited domain problem and evaluate the issues associated with a full implementation.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5278
Wei Chen
DARPA 06-008      Selected for Award
Title:A Shared Intelligence Framework Targeting Flexible Human Agent Cooperative Tasks
Abstract:We present an innovative solution: a shared intelligence framework targeting flexible human agent cooperative tasks employing both prior arts and the most updated research ideas in multi-agent systems and human agent interactions. By `flexible', we mean that the level of human agent collaboration is not static; instead, it is realized through negotiated task decomposition and allocation among team members, which ensures that human experts will always be updated with an appropriate level of information and could always take control of their task assignments with the collaboration of software agents in coordinated problem solving processes. The following topics are explored in detail: the representation of team members' roles and capabilities, agents' tasks and environments, dynamic team formation and task allocation, appropriate agent architecture and multi-agent system architecture, coordination among human experts and software agents through task planning agent (TPA), coordination communication protocols, and task structure analysis for managing interdependencies among agents' tasks, and finally, the application of the aforementioned general technical solution to a military medical service scenario. The proposed flexible human agent collaboration framework will be well suited to interface with resources and external systems, such as TMIP and information systems of MV-T of future combat systems.

METRON, INC.
11911 Freedom Drive
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 787-8700
Greg Godfrey
DARPA 06-012      Selected for Award
Title:A Computerized Third Party to Aid Distributed Logistics
Abstract:The Metron team, consisting of Metron, Inc and its consultant Mr. John Kettelle, proposes to design and develop negotiation mechanisms to aid in distributed logistics planning involving multiple government, military and commercial parties. In particular, under Phase I, we are interested in the design of what we call a Computerized Third Party (CTP), which is a secure, potentially web-based environment into which each party can enter a list of issues subject to negotiation and private value functions and constraints on those issues. The CTP can then determine whether there is "room for a deal" - a set of agreements that would be acceptable to all parties. If so, then the CTP can help guide the negotiation of a final agreement that is acceptable and as beneficial to all parties as possible in terms of sharing the excess "room" found by the system.

VCRSOFT, LLC
30W084 Capistrano Court Suite 201
Naperville, IL 60563
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 527-0425
VC Ramesh
DARPA 06-012      Selected for Award
Title:Assignment Game for Distributed Logistics
Abstract:Distributed logistics problems cannot be solved using traditional centralized optimization techniques because of the autonomous nature of the entities involved. We propose to design and demonstrate a decentralized automated negotiation based approach. This game theoretic approach is implemented as a generic agent toolkit that can be customized by the domain-expert.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
John MacKay
DARPA 06-020      Selected for Award
Title:Sparse Array Applications for Small Satellites
Abstract:DARPA desires to develop innovative approaches for using a sparse array of small satellites to sense radio frequency signals. During our Phase I effort our Progeny Systems Corporation and University of Hawaii team intends to develop a technique to resolve the dynamic position problem of individual nodes in the array using precision timing synchronization. Additionally we intend to develop a technique to correlate signals across multiple elements of the RF receiver array, develop a distributed onboard processing architecture across multiple satellite nodes to minimize earth station receiver data bandwidth requirements, and to develop inter-satellite and ground to satellite link communication architectures. During Phase II we intend to test and demonstrate our design concepts using CubeSats launched into orbit as a secondary payload in an Orbital Sciences Pegasus vehicle. The CubeSat project is an international collaboration of over 40 universities, high schools, and private firms developing picosatellites containing scientific, private, and government payloads. The basic CubeSat design is a ten centimeter cube with mass of up to one kilogram.

TIME DOMAIN CORP.
7057 Old Madison Pike, Suite 250
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 428-6326
Alan Petroff
DARPA 06-020      Selected for Award
Title:Sparse Array Applications for Small Satellites
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to provide a technology that enables the use of constellations of satellite based, coherent, RF sparse arrays. Such sparse arrays would have higher resolution than conventional approaches and would provide superior remote sensing capabilities at a fraction of today's cost. The key enabling mechanisms are 1) the ability to accurately measure the distance between individual satellites, and 2) the ability to distribute a coherent clock among satellites in a given constellation. Time Domain proposes to use the transmission of ultra wideband RF pulses as a means to accomplish both goals. Existing Time Domain platforms can synchronize clocks to within 5ps and can range over hundreds of meters with an accuracy of a few centimeters. This represents the current, unoptimized performance. The goal of Phase I will be to demonstrate that the technology is capable of supporting coherent clock distribution suitable for 10 GHz sparse arrays, and that satellite-to-satellite distance can be measured with an accuracy of less than a centimeter and perhaps less than a millimeter. In addition, a path to a space based experiment using Cube Satellites will be defined. A successful conclusion will lead to a space based feasibility demonstration.

EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Jane Bertone
DARPA 06-022      Selected for Award
Title:Explosives Detection in Residential Building Ventilation Systems
Abstract:One approach to locating illicit bomb factories in Iraq and Afghanistan is analytical monitoring within the ventilation systems of suspect residential buildings. We are proposing a multiple sensor analyzer that sequentially interrogates individual vents or ducts in such buildings and produces fingerprints characteristic of present target substances. The basic premise of this proposal is to locate sensor probes in key ducts or vents and connect them with fiber cabling to a spectral analyzer located in the attic or roof of the building. This setup would monitor a number of different locations within the building with emission of a wireless alarm report to a regional Tactical Operations Center from all online sensors every 10 to 15 minutes. We will achieve reproducible and selective detection of explosives using novel self-assembled structures that create an inherently uniform pattern, leading to rapid, reproducible manufacturing. The specific instrument we propose to analyze the sensors is a field portable spectrograph, with accompanying fiber optic probes, coupled to an accessory containing the sensing elements. Phase I work will focus on the demonstration of reproducible detection of airborne explosives using the sensors in the presence of potentially confusing interfering substances. The Phase II program will focus on quantifying the extent of fouling of the sensors due to long-term exposure to building air, developing a fieldable self-contained and powered instrument including multiplexed probes and wireless communication, and testing the sensors in mock ventilation systems.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Anjal Sharma
DARPA 06-022      Selected for Award
Title:Inexpensive TSP Based Reagentless Explosive Detector
Abstract:It has become imperative to counter the escalating threat of improvised explosive device attacks on our armed forces personnel deployed in foreign locations by seeking out and neutralizing local terrorist operated bomb making factories. Such factories are typically located in apartment buildings or other large dwellings, where the level of out-gassed explosive marker vapors is so small and buried within numerous confusers such as common chemicals that current detectors cannot be utilized to aid in their location. Therefore, Lynntech proposes to address this critical DOD need by fabricating three novel TSP based colorimetric sensor elements each selective for DNT, TNB and picrate, and incorporating these into an automated bench scale detector to demonstrate our capability to reagentlessly detect and quantify trace vapor phase explosives markers in the presence of common confusers such as household chemicals and matches. During Phase II, we will fabricate additional selective TSP sensor elements for other molecular explosives markers encompassing groups A through D and integrate these into a prototype compact inexpensive explosives detection device which may be placed in the HVAC system of apartment buildings. The device will be tested for reliable operation with low false positives, multiplex-ability and wireless control during Phase II.

MICROSTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
604 West Evergreen
Vancouver, WA 98660
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 694-3704
Joseph Birmingham
DARPA 06-022      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost Distributed Explosive Detection Device
Abstract:Automated vapor sampling detectors could potentially provide a detection capability for high vapor pressure explosives such as nitroglycerine (NG). However, for materials such as HMX and RDX, the equilibrium vapor pressures are at least four orders of magnitude lower than conventional trinitro-toluene (TNT) explosives, making detection based on sampling of airborne vapor difficult for all of the explosives without concentration. MicroStructure Technologies (MicroST) has undertaken a mission to develop small, compact, microstructured array detectors for explosive vapors (both nitrogen and peroxide-based materials). The upstream micropillars on the microstructured array have a high surface area and the vapors are adsorbed. The laser energy is coupled by fiber optic into the microarray to desorb a concentrated pulse of concentrated explosive vapor. A Microstructured Array Sampler (MAS) with an inorganic polymer coating as a sensing element to detect the concentrated vapors. The use of the inorganic polymers for explosive detection on an air-sampling microarray for confirmation is innovative. The key innovation of the proposed approach is to use a chip-based laser to selectively desorb a concentrated energetic sample onto sensing polymers coated onto a microarray. Lastly, the alarm signal from the microarray is sent wirelessly to reveal the type of explosive detected.

---------- SOCOM ----------

4 Phase I Selections from the 06.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ADVANCED ACOUSTIC CONCEPTS, INC.
425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 562-8855
Alan Sassler
SOCOM 06-013      Selected for Award
Title:Maritime Surveillance Sensing Using Underwater High Frequency Acoustic Communication Receivers
Abstract:High-frequency acoustic modems are required to provide undersea communication networks to support covert surveillance operations. These modems can also be used as platforms for compact, low power surveillance sensors and processing. A natural first step would be to integrate a capability for passive acoustic detection of ships and submarines. A multi-phase effort is proposed for integrating passive acoustic detection, feature extraction, and automated classification into existing undersea modems being developed by SOCOM. A team-based approach will be used to provide the wide range of capabilities required for this effort. Extensive reuse will be made of existing development efforts at Teledyne-Benthos, Analysis, Design & Diagnostics (AD&D), and Advanced Acoustic Concepts (AAC) to minimize the development risk. The Teledyne-Benthos SM 75 undersea modem will be used as a target platform, providing an undersea networking capability while allowing the team to define the changes required to support an automated passive acoustic detection capability. AD&D will provide expertise in acoustic data collection, data analysis, and passive classification of narrowband, modulated and unmodulated broadband, acoustic intercept, and transient signals. AAC will modify existing CAUSS (Common Airborne USW Sensor Software) sonobuoy processing software to provide passive acoustic detection, feature extraction, and message generation and compression capabilities.

CHAOTIC.COM
P.O. Box 1010
Great Falls, VA 22066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 759-5257
Ted W. Frison
SOCOM 06-013      Selected for Award
Title:Maritime Surveillance Using Underwater Communication Receivers
Abstract:Many SOCOM-specific, passive, maritime, acoustic-surveillance operations cannot be accomplished using conventional sonar-system technologies. Maritime, passive-acoustic surveillance using some combination of submarines and the Advanced Deployable System is a traditional surveillance mission. But, the deployment and use of these capital-intensive assets for surveillance of many shallow-water passages, ports, and harbors open to use by irregular adversaries is inappropriate. These traditional technologies are also focused on long-range and large-area detection using sensors and signal processing that does not include non-traditional targets such as small surface craft. Our proposal addresses the design, construction and testing of sensors and signal-processing software for unconventional maritime surveillance. The sensors are variants of proven underwater-modem technology. In Phase I, signal-processing software appropriate to the constraints of this sensor and mission will be constructed and tested using data from the Harsh Environments Program.

HEAT, LIGHT, & SOUND RESEARCH, INC.
12730 High Bluff Drive, Suite 130
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 755-9649
Paul Hursky
SOCOM 06-013      Selected for Award
Title:Maritime Surveillance Sensing Using Underwater High Frequency Acoustic Communication Receivers
Abstract:The Navy, the academic oceanographic community and the oil industry have embraced the use of underwater acoustic modems to take advantage of the many benefits that wireless operation brings to their applications. In this proposed SBIR effort, HLS Research Inc will take advantage of the resources already present in an acoustic modem, namely the acoustic pressure sensors and the signal processing capability, to develop detection, classification and localization/tracking algorithms for exploiting passively sensed acoustic data when the communications functions are not being used. The goal is to provide acoustic situational awareness of transiting surface ships and undersea platforms, using their acoustic signatures. HLS Research has organized or participated in a variety of high-frequency at-sea experiments, focused on both acoustic communications and marine mammal studies (where the passage of surface and other ships was of course an interference), in which high-frequency raw time series was recorded for days or weeks at a time, often on arrays of hydrophones. HLS Research will also take advantage of additional data-collection opportunities as they arise. These datasets will provide realistic data for a convincing demonstration of feasibility in this Phase I effort.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Steve Ricks
SOCOM 06-013      Selected for Award
Title:Maritime Surveillance Sensing Using Underwater High Frequency Acoustic Communication Receivers
Abstract:Special Operations Command desires an innovative approach to augment underwater acoustic modems with a passive sensing capability to detect ships and submarines. While providing the existing communications function, it is feasible to take advantage of the existing infrastructure by tapping the digital data stream from the acoustic modem receiver front end, and apply additional detection and classification signal processing to provide this additional ship detection function. This could expand the role of acoustic modems from being communication nodes in the underwater information grid to having both sensing and communication capabilities. The Progeny Systems Corporation team will conduct the necessary engineering analysis to demonstrate the feasibility of automated detection and classification of shipping using a commercial acoustic modem as the sensing element. In our Phase I effort we intend to obtain relevant target and ambient signatures in commercial acoustic modem high frequency (HF) detection bands, develop detection algorithms through application of Acoustic Intercept and Ranging (AI&R) processing strings to the target signature and noise data sets, assess the suitability of applying submarine sonar classification algorithms to the detected signatures, and derive system requirements and develop the conceptual hardware and software design for the Phase II prototype.