---------- ARMY ----------

359 Phase I Selections from the 07.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
AEROTONOMY, INC.
117 Herron Street
Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(706) 413-1582
Dr. James Neidhoefer
ARMY 07-001      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:A Small Image-aided Navigation And Path-planning System (SINAPS) for Small UAVs
Abstract:Due to the limitations and power requirements of modern computational hardware and sensors, the central goals of smallness and high-level autonomy (usually associated with higher algorithmic complexity and computational cost) are directly at odds with each other. Current small UAVs often shed weight through the use of limited sensors and rudimentary algorithms, while very high-level autonomy usually comes packaged in a UAV that is by no means “small.” Our proposed project is uniquely situated to tackle this “highly autonomous small UAV” challenge through the innovative combination of high- performance, compact hardware and efficient, advanced algorithms. The proposing team will combine a flight-proven, state-of-the-art miniature avionics system, flight-proven, real-time image processing techniques, and efficient, high-level autonomous guidance algorithms to develop a Small, Image-aided Navigation and Autonomous Path-planning System (SINAPS) for small UAVs. The Phase I result will be a complete flight-proven SINAPS with very high levels of autonomy contained in an extremely small, lightweight package.

SKEYES UNLIMITED CORP.
1660 McElree Rd.
Washington, PA 15301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 260-2625
Dr. Omead Amidi
ARMY 07-001      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Small UAV High-speed Obstacle and Collision Avoidance
Abstract:A major roadblock towards full UAV deployment in urban and mountainous areas is their inability to negotiate obstacles and avoid collision with other aircraft while flying at or near cruise speed. There is an urgent need for UAV obstacle and collision detection and avoidance systems, which won't slow down the UAV significantly while analyzing the world and making decisions as to what is the safest route around obstacles and other aircraft. We propose to design and test a low weight, low power, and low cost UAV obstacle and collision detection and avoidance system. We will pursue an approach based on combining laser-, vision-, and acoustic-based systems. We also propose to develop route deconfliction and autonomous obstacle and collision avoidance methods. We will develop aircraft guidance, or planning, methodologies that take into account the amount and type of information provided by the sensors. To minimize data processing latency we propose to closely integrate the sensors and the corresponding pre- processing algorithms.By developing hardware and software in a modular way, we will be able to provide the maximum possible capabilities for each type of UAV at the right weight, power, and cost levels.

ANASPHERE, INC.
6597 Maltse Lane, Unit D
Bozeman, MT 59718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 994-9354
Dr. John A. Bognar
ARMY 07-003      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Environmental Sensor for Autonomous UAVS
Abstract:Improved observations of the battlespace are of key and growing importance in today’s combat environment. UAVs are making key contributions in this area, and sensor improvements are a key part of increasing UAV capabilities. However, all sensors are subject to degradation under detrimental environmental conditions. Adding a sensor system to UAVs that enables the in-situ identification and quantification of such conditions will aid in the most effective use of UAVs and their onboard sensors as well as enable more accurate evaluation of the sensor data being returned. Anasphere proposes to develop a highly miniaturized, low-power environmental sensor system – on the order of one to two cubic inches in volume, and with a power consumption on the order of 500 milliwatts – suitable for use on a broad variety of UAVs. Specific quantities to be measured include standard meteorological parameters, visibility, ambient light level, and precipitation rate and type. On-board processing will yield additional value-added parameters of significance. In Phase I, a proof-of-concept system will be designed, fabricated, and demonstrated on a UAV. The Phase I Option will involve definition of Phase II systems and UAV interfaces. Phase II would see iterative design improvements and tests culminating in a production-ready system.

MILSYS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
408 E. Fourth Street Suite 204
Bridgeport, PA 19405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 272-5050
Mr. Glenn Baker
ARMY 07-003      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Environmental Sensor for Autonomous UAVS
Abstract:An innovative multimodal environmental sensor (both LWIR and LIDAR) is proposed. It is accomplished by leveraging COTs technology, advanced optical design and fabrication technology, and commercializing university research. By coupling the two technologies and developing the appropriate algorithms the environmental conditions in front of a UAV can be mapped and communicated and/or used by an autonomous navigation system to control the UAV. The nature of the technology is such that its SWAP will be compatible with some of the smallest UAVs. Overall, this technology will provide capabilities that do not exist in any type of sensor system produced today.

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.
641 SE Central Parkway
Stuart, FL 34994
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 283-0253
Mr. John F Justak
ARMY 07-004      Awarded: 10/9/2007
Title:A Compliant Outer Air Seal, (COAS)
Abstract:Advanced Technologies Group, (ATG)Inc. proposes to develop a self-acting outer air seal for turbine blade tip clearance control. The Compliant Outer Air Seal (COAS) is based on previous successful non-contacting seal developments at ATG. A single COAS will deliver a 3-5% decrease in SFC and a 30-50°C decrease in exhaust gas temperature.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Mr. Attila Lengyel
ARMY 07-005      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Innovative Systems to Reduce One per Rev Vibrations in Helicopters
Abstract:Significant maintenance activity is required to ensure acceptable 1/rev vibration levels from main and tail rotors. These flight and ground based maintenance activities translate into significant cost and downtime for the helicopter operator. Cost has been somewhat mitigated with the use of on-board systems with computerized diagnostic algorithms. The result is better ride comfort which translates into minimized pilot fatigue, and better helicopter and component life. The rotor tuning adjustments typically used are blade pitchlink length adjustment, trim tab angle adjustment, and rotor weight balance adjustment. These adjustments are manually implemented in a relatively inefficient way that is time consuming and sometimes prone to error. Ultimately an overall system is desired that would enable relation of the results of the computerized diagnostic algorithm to the automated rotor adjustment implementation system in an automated way such that the changes are made in a quick, efficient, accurate, repeatable, and error free manner. Midé proposes to develop two innovative, robust solutions to adjusting the pitchlink length and rotor mass balance. Midé has recently developed an active trim tab and successfully tested it on a whirl stand. These systems will be automated and would ultimately be adjusted in flight.

INVERCON, LLC
112 W. Foster Ave.
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 876-3609
Dr. Joseph Szefi
ARMY 07-006      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Robust Hybrid Feedforward-Feedback Control and Dynamic Rotorcraft Simulation for Active Vibration Control
Abstract:In Phase I program Invercon will team with Bell Helicopter and PSU to further develop a package of simulation models and analysis tools recently created at Bell for AVC system design and evaluation. The analytical models have been developed in Simulink to accurately replicate various rotorcrafts vibration environment in steady flight and in transient maneuvers. The AVC control approach is introduced into the rotorcraft models via airframe and AVC actuator transfer matrices. Ultimately, the effectiveness of the given control approach can be observed through a time domain airframe response. Invercon and PSU will introduce hybrid feedforward-feedback control approaches into the model which incorporate both a modern control approach, such as the Linear Quadradtic Guassian (LQG) based on identified state space models, while also preserving traditional frequency-based helicopter control approaches, such as adaptive self-tuning regulators for multicyclic control. The control approach parameters will then be optimized so that broadband vibration suppression is maximized while control effort is minimized during both steady state and transient flight conditions. In Phase II, Invercon and PSU will then integrate the control approach into RCAS (Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System), a nonproprietary government analysis tool that is a full-fidelity, comprehensive rotorcraft model.

MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
57 MARYANNE DRIVE
MONROE, CT 06468
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 874-3100
Dr. Yogesh Mehrotra
ARMY 07-006      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Full Band Anticipatory Control Algorithms to Suppress Aggressive Maneuver Vibrations
Abstract:Recent high usage of helicopters in Iraq and Afghan theatres underscores a need for rotorcraft safety and reliability improvements. Rotor induced vibrations cause significant airframe fatigue and electronic component failure. In current generation rotorcraft, vibration attenuation is achieved through either airframe mounted tuned-absorbers or active vibration control (AVC) systems. Typical AVC system uses a number of fixed- system, narrow band force generators to reduce the acceleration measured at multiple locations in aircraft fuselage. Although current AVC systems are effective at reducing vibration in steady-state flight, advanced control algorithms are needed to achieve similar results for dynamic maneuvers. To address deficiencies of current AVC algorithms Materials Technologies Corp. has formed an exceptionally talented team with experience in rotorcraft modeling, modern control algorithm development, and AVC system development. Proposed AVC algorithm development effort balances performance, computational, tractability, and certification complexity, utilizing state-of-the-art control technologies that address known deficiencies in production control algorithms. Phase I will demonstrate the most promising control algorithms in a high fidelity fuselage model developed in coordination with Sikorsky Aircraft. Control algorithms will be evaluated in hardware-in-the-loop testing on Sikorsky AVC test rig in Phase II to identify the best approach for dramatic vibration reductions in maneuvering flight that has the potential to significantly improve component lives and also flight safety by reducing pilot workload and environmental stressors.

FBS, INC.
143 Hawbaker Industrial Drive Suite #102
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-3437
Mr. Roger L. Royer Jr.
ARMY 07-007      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Innovative Rotor Blade Anti-Icing/De-Icing Technologies
Abstract:FBS, Inc. and the Penn State Rotorcraft Center propose the development of a novel ultrasonic guided wave phased array focusing technology for large area anti-icing and/or de-icing of rotor blade structures from a single sensing position. The concept is unique in that it utilizes a phased array actuation approach for ice prevention/removal. The Penn State Rotorcraft Center has recently shown the ability to use ultrasonic guided waves to de-ice aluminum, steel, and composite plate structures. Penn State’s single actuator approach is only capable of localized de-icing which makes field implementation impractical because hundreds of actuators would be needed to de-ice an entire rotor blade. The phased array approach proposed here will allow large area de-icing by using an array of actuators and phasing them to constructively focus energy to a particular point on the surface of the structure (anti-icing) or the structure/ice interface (de-icing) while using high actuation frequencies that will not harm the structure. The focal point could then be scanned, using software, to focus energy to all points on the rotor blade to remove ice or prevent ice formation over a large area from a single actuating position.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Eric Gans
ARMY 07-007      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Micro and Nano Structured Anti-Icing Coating
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for innovative non-electrothermal rotor blade de-icing systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Micro and Nano Structured Anti-Icing Coating (MANSAC) technology. This proposed technology is inspired by the surface structure of a lotus leaf in nature, which has superhydrophobic and self cleaning behavior that repels ice, water, and dust from its surface, without any electric power. The innovation in design and integration of a micro/nanostructure on the surface will enable the MANSAC to block ice formation on rotor surfaces. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MANSAC by coating the MANSAC onto the surface of the same materials as those similar to a rotor blade, and testing for the anti- and de-icing effect. In Phase II POC plans to identify fabrication processes and develop a prototype for demonstration in a realistic enviroment.

BENZ AIRBORNE SYSTEMS
2400 Handley-Ederville Road
Fort Worth , TX 76118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 280-0000
Mr. Bud Coleman
ARMY 07-008      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Smart Autonomous Miniaturized Contamination Condition Sensor with Embedded Prognostics
Abstract:The U.S. Army Aviation Engineering Directorate, Propulsion Drive Systems Branch, has identified the need to replace the antiquated, differential mechanical pressure switch/indicator currently being used in hydraulic system filter applications on all Army helicopters, in favor of newer technology, MEMS based, piezoresistive, solid-state differential pressure transducer with temperature sensing combination for the added benefit of performing self diagnostics and prognostics capabilities to increase aircraft maintainability. The current mechanical design dates back 40 years, does not have temperature sensing capabilities, is incapable of processing information, or from being used for diagnostics and prognostics purposes for condition based maintenance, and it’s inherent configuration makes it unreliable and problematic for users in the field, resulting in numerous false readings and premature component removals. In support of this effort, based on discussions with the U.S. Army’s Aviation Engineering Directorate, Benz Airborne is proposing to develop a multi-platform concept for a diagnostic and prognostic measurement system (DPMS) that, if successful, could be used on all Army helicopters. The Propulsions Drive Systems Branch envisions this pressure transducer with temperature sensor capability, to be a drop in, stand alone replacement for the current mechanical switch. In addition, the pressure sensor shall have provisions for recording data through either a remotely located black box, or electronics incorporated into the head of the transducer, for performing diagnostics and prognostics capabilities. The DPMS will be completely autonomous with no electrical connectors to the vehicle. The DPMS will provide both visual presentation of hydraulic system health (e.g. lights) and recording of the pressure/temperature history. Recorded data shall be retrieved by maintenance personnel using either wireless or wired data link as desired. It is important to note that this pressure sensing device is to be used as a maintenance tool only, and that, it is not intended for pilot usage.

LURACO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1132 107th Street
Arlington, TX 76011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 633-1080
Dr. Kevin Le
ARMY 07-008      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Smart Autonomous Miniaturized Contamination Condition Sensor with Embedded Prognostics
Abstract:LURACO Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a low-cost, accurate, and smart Multi- tasked Sensor (MultiSENS) that can be used to sense both the filter health as well as the fluid conditions. MultiSENS will directly replace the current Delta P indicator that is being used on current legacy aircrafts without interfering with the current wiring harnesses or system modification. MultiSENS can measure the differential pressure across the filter and determine the filter condition and predict the schedule for filter replacement. The basic function of MultiSENS is to automatically analyze and report the filter and oil condition. The proposed MultiSENS will be a complete, stand-alone sensing device that uses a MEMS multi-sensor chip to measure the pressure, dielectric constant, and temperature of fluid. MultiSENS will monitor the fluid and filter continuously or at scheduled intervals. The data captured by MultiSENS will be available for download via its data port, which implements a military-compatible communication protocol.

APPLIED ULTRASONICS
PO Box 100422
Birmingham, AL 35210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(205) 951-7747
Mr. Taylor W. Hanes
ARMY 07-009      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Field Repair of Localized Damage on Dynamic Rotorcraft Components.
Abstract:Applied Ultrasonics, Inc. has developed a unique patented commercialized, device that has proven successful in treatment of metals in the automotive and transportation industry. The goal of this SBIR effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of using this technology to improve the repair process of aviation components. The process known as Ultrasonic Impact Technology (UIT) can be compared to shot peening; however with three distinct advantages: 1) It uses a man portable device that can be used in forward deployed locations—eliminating the need to send parts to a specialized repair facility. 2) UIT can be used on aviation components that cannot be repaired with shot peening due to their size or shape. 3) The results of treatment with UIT are significantly greater than shot peening--greater fatigue life enhancement, corrosion prevention, and surface hardness. The goal of this Phase I effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating UIT in the Army's Aviation repair processes. Phase II will provide demonstration and airworthiness qualification on specific components. Commercialization of this technology will significantly reduce aviation operation and maintenance costs.

AVION, INC.
7067 Old Madison Pike Suite 170
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 721-7006
Mr. Gary W. Donald
ARMY 07-009      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Field Repair of Localized Damage on Dynamic Rotorcraft Components.
Abstract:U.S. Army helicopter fatigue sensitive dynamic components are required to maintain structural integrity throughout their operational life cycle. Typical metal alloy fatigue sensitive dynamic components require the presence of surface compressive residual stresses to inhibit the initiation and propagation of fatigue cracks. However, some of these components are susceptible to localized mechanical and corrosion surface damage that must be removed by blending. The surface blending process results in the requirement to reintroduce compressive residual stresses, normally by shot peening. The shot peening operation is currently performed at military depots and commercial facilities using non-portable peening equipment. Army Aviation has the potential for increasing reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM), while reducing Operation & Support (O&S) cost by deploying a portable capability to reliably restore the structural integrity of fatigue sensitive dynamic components that have experienced usage related surface defects. Avion (Prime) and Sonats (Sub) have teamed to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a portable, field-deployable ultrasonically activated shot peening capability that reliably reintroduces compressive residual stresses in Army helicopter fatigue sensitive dynamic components that have had localized surface damage blended out.

COMPUTATIONAL ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL
2166 N. Salem Street Suite 101
Apex, NC 27523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 363-0883
Dr. Anders Grimsrud
ARMY 07-010      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Computational Fluid Dynamics Co-processing for Unsteady Visualization
Abstract:This research aims first to evaluate current techniques to extract visual information for a large unsteady rotorcraft CFD simulation. Next, the same operations will be performed in parallel using the same CFD data, decomposed on a modern cluster computer. Then, Python-based scripting will be employed to automate these operations. Lastly, co- processing of the same simulation, linking the visualization system to the CFD code through a custom API, will be demonstrated, permitting simultaneous computation and automated co-visualization without archival of intermediate results. All aspects will be of prototype in nature and not suitable for general-purpose application in a commercial software product.

KITWARE
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Dr. Berk Geveci
ARMY 07-010      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Computational Fluid Dynamics Co-processing for Unsteady Visualization
Abstract:Data management is a major bottle neck in exploitation of simulations for predicting and analyzing complex fluid dynamics. We propose creating a co-processing toolkit that extracts significant features from simulation results as the simulation is running. This toolkit will allow analysis of fine temporal features without having to store massive amounts of data required for effective post processing. The proposed toolkit design will allow efficient computation and flexible feature analysis. Kitware is in a unique position to develop the co-processing toolkit because of our existing VTK toolkit and our extensive experience with distributed algorithms.

PRIME RESEARCH, LC
1750 Kraft Dr Ste 1000-B
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-2200
Dr. Dan Kominsky
ARMY 07-011      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Differential Focus Optical Blade Tip Clearance Probe
Abstract:Prime Research, LC, in proposes to develop a new photonic blade tip clearance sensor which can operate at temperatures in excess of 2500 degrees Fahrenheit. This project will fill a dramatic shortfall in the current measurement capabilities for turbine engines. Existing blade tip clearance measurements are generally limited to much lower temperature operation. The small and robust single crystal sapphire transducer is optically excited by a remotely located interrogation system. Using the differential response of a dual channel system the radial blade tip location is ascertained through two separate phenomena.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. James C. Withers
ARMY 07-012      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:A Process to In-Situ Form Cooling Channels in SiC/SiC Composite Turbine Blades and Nozzles
Abstract:Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) such as silicon carbide/silicon carbide (SiC/SiC) extends the temperature capabilities of turboshaft engines thru higher temperature capabilities and reduced weight which provides improved horsepower-to-weight ratios. However, even uncooled ceramics can extend the capabilities of the engine to a certain plateau. If effective cooling channels could be incorporated into CMC (SiC/SiC) blades and nozzles even further increases in temperature capabilities at reduced weight and subsequent improved horsepower-to-weight ratios are achievable. A unique in-situ fabrication processing approach can produce cooling channels in controlled architectures within a SiC/SiC composite cross section. The processing will be developed and validated with establishing the mechanical properties and cooling effectiveness of SiC/SiC specimens containing multiple cooling channels which will be coordinated with engine OEMs.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Ms. Kathy Sabolsky
ARMY 07-012      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Innovative CMC Preforming for Molding Turbine Vanes with Integral Cooling Cavities(1001-102)
Abstract:Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC) materials have the potential of improving engine performance by lowering emissions and enabling higher cycle efficiency. The benefits of CMC turbine engine components may be extended by development fabrication process that integrates cooling system similar to the one currently used for the metallic counterparts. Triton Systems Inc (Triton) proposes to demonstrate a unique CMC preform construction enabling production of complex-shaped CMC components with integral, internal cooling passages. Triton will team with the Connecticut Center for Advanced Technology, Inc. (CCAT) Laser Applications Laboratory to machine cooling holes to connect the internal cavity with the composite exterior. Configuration design guidance and future component test recommendations will be contributed by turbine engine contractor LibertyWorks - Rolls Royce North American Technologies (LibertyWorks). Triton’s Dispersed Filament Preforming fabrication technology, a novel ceramic matrix composite (CMC) preforming approach, will allow for effective reinforcement of tight corner and bend radii prevalent in gas turbine hot section components. In combination with the development of new molding process which incorporates sacrificial male mandrel for internal cavity and development of novel machining methods for introduction of cooling holes, a unique fabrication technology for effective cooling system for complex-shaped ceramic based turbine engine components will be advanced.

ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1330 Charleston Rd
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Dr. Hossein Saberi
ARMY 07-013      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Dynamic Blade Shapes for Improved Helicopter Rotor Aeromechanics
Abstract:With the increasing demand for higher performance rotorcraft that will carry heavier payloads, travel longer distances, and hover at higher altitudes in warmer climates, more advanced and novel rotor designs have become necessary. The fixed configuration blade design has reached its optimum performance improvements. However, there is the potential to use a dynamic blade shape approach to significantly increase rotorcraft performance. Using the comprehensive tools to accurately model the new actuation systems and to analyze the new design in a more realistic manner has the potential to enable the creation of the next generation of rotors in a cost effective manner. With advancements in Computational Structural Dynamics (CSD) in structural loads prediction, the accurate airloads predictions by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) programs, and the successful CSD/CFD coupling in both steady and maneuvering flights, the achievement of the above goal is within reach. ART proposes to use Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System (RCAS) to model and analyze promising dynamic blade shape candidates and to create a database relating the performance parameter to the different morphing approaches over the entire flight envelope. Where necessary, enhancements will be made to produce the most accurate results.

HYPERCOMP, INC.
31255 Cedar Valley Drive Suite 327
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 865-3710
Dr. kuo-yen Szema
ARMY 07-013      Awarded: 10/9/2007
Title:Dynamic Blade Shapes for Improved Helicopter Rotor Aeromechanics
Abstract:HyPerComp Inc. is teaming with NextGen Aeronautics and the Rotorcraft Center at the University of Maryland to explore the use of dynamic blade shapes (morphing) for improved rotor performance. Team members complement HyPerComp’s core expertise in modeling and simulation of the rotors, NextGen’s vast experience in actuator design and fabrication, and consultation from University of Maryland on dynamic blade shapes and smart materials. We propose a high-fidelity CFD-based investigation of five different dynamic blade shape concepts for rotor performance improvement: (1) camber variation; (2) trailing edge deflection; (3) leading edge droop; (4) blade twist distribution; and (5) tip geometry (sweep, anhedral, and planform taper). The Phase-I study would be performed for the Black Hawk UH-60A rotor. Hovering, steady-level high-speed forward, and high- thrust forward flights will be studied. Loosely coupled CFD-CSD (aero-elastic) simulations of the isolated rotor (no fuselage) will be performed to compute trimmed solutions and rotor performance. Phase-I study would conclude with the documentation of the effect of the different dynamic blade shapes on rotor performance and the down-selection of the most effective ones. For those concepts, a preliminary study of the physical realizability in terms of actuation mechanism concepts, power, stroke, and frequency will be performed.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Dr. Lee M. Goldman
ARMY 07-014      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:Precision Optics Manufacturing of Large Hemispherical Domes
Abstract:There are currently three different approaches under consideration for construction of multi-layer hemispherical multi-mode domes: (1) The bonded shell method – in which an inner and an outer dome shell are fabricated out of either ALON or Spinel, and bonded together, using a transparent adhesive, with a metallic grid at the interface, (2) The alternate dielectric method- in which an outer shell is fabricated out of either ALON or spinel, a grid is applied to its inner surface, and then an alternate dielectric (i.e., glass) material is directly bonded to the outer shell to create the desired structure, and (3) The Co-fired ceramic method- in which the metal grid is applied to green ceramics, and fired in such a way as to create the multi-layer structure within the as fired blank. The Phase I effort will combine a trade study of the preferred assembly method with a study of deterministic finishing techniques to determine the optimized manufacturing path toward producing a 7-in hemispherical dome with ¼ wave transmitted wavefront uniformity over any 4-in aperture. The Phase II effort will then consist of optimizing the selected method with a feasibility demonstration for producing up to 250 domes per month.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Mr. Keith Rozenburg
ARMY 07-014      Awarded: 12/19/2007
Title:Precision Optics Manufacturing of Large Hemispherical Domes
Abstract:In previous work supported by the DoD SBIR program TA&T demonstrated an effective manufacturing route for spinel dome blanks. As discussed in the previous section, however, creating an effective process for the surface conditioning of the dome is essential to manufacturing them on a large scale. This Phase I will focus on an analysis of the manufacturing steps for a multi-layer dome to identify those steps which have the greatest contribution on the transmitted wavefront error of the finished dome. The feasibility study will propose techniques or processes which minimize the introduction of errors into the wavefront and evaluate deterministic polishing as a means correct the dome transmitted wavefront to meet the specification. To produce the feasibility study an investigation into current practice will highlight where wavefront error is being introduced and in the second portion of the study deterministic polishing, focusing on magnetorehological methods, will be investigated as a method for removing wavefront error.

ENSER CORP. THE
5430 70th Avenue North
Pinellas Park, FL 33781
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 520-1393
Mr. David Harney
ARMY 07-015      Awarded: 1/10/2008
Title:Cathode Improvements for Thermal Batteries
Abstract:Thermal batteries are mission critical components which provide power to military weapon systems for electronics, fusing, sensing and actuation. Today’s thermal battery packaging and performance requirements are being pushed to the limits. System designers are demanding higher power levels over longer operating times (hence, higher usable energy output) in smaller, lighter packages. To meet this demand, we propose to demonstrate significant improvements in energy density, power density and operational lifetime using a new cathode material. The particle size range of the new material will cover micrometer to nanometer particle range. Material composition and processing will be optimized and performance improvement will be demonstrated in Phase I by means of single cell testing. In Phase II, ENSER will demonstrate the performance of the new cathode material in a selected PAC-3 battery.

US NANOCORP, INC.
74 Batterson Park Road
Farmington, CT 06032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 487-3838
Dr. Jinxiang Dai
ARMY 07-015      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:High Energy Density Thermal Battery with Nanostructured Cathode Materials
Abstract:The U.S. Army is seeking a technical innovation to thermal batteries with significant improvements on specific energy and operation life for weapon systems. One-time- thermal activation batteries have advantages compared with other types of reserved batteries in terms of long reserve-time, high reliability, maintenance free, high specific power, wide application temperatures, and good mechanical properties. The low voltage cathode and thermal life limit improvement on energy density and operational time of thermal batteries. US Nanocorp, Inc (USN) proposes a new high voltage nanostructured composite metal oxide and a new compatible electrolyte with a low melting point to address Army’s request on performance improvements of the current state-of-the-art thermal batteries. Coupled with LiSi/LiAl anode, the new nanostructured composite metal oxide cathode will operate at 3V and have higher specific capacity compared with the current FeS2 cathode working at 1.7V. The application of the new cathode will increase the energy density 100%. The new electrolyte with a melting point <250oC and good chemical compatibility with high voltage cathode, will increase the active working time of the thermal batteries by increasing their thermal life (10X). The increment on active working life will also increase the energy density and reduce the battery’s surface temperature.

SURMET CORP.
33 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Dr. Lee M. Goldman
ARMY 07-016      Awarded: 12/7/2007
Title:Manufacturing Issues for Multimode Seeker Domes
Abstract:There are currently three different approaches under consideration for construction of multi-layer hemispherical multi-mode domes: (1) The bonded shell method – in which an inner and an outer dome shell are fabricated out of either ALON or Spinel, and subsequently bonded together, using a transparent adhesive, with a metallic grid at the interface to create the desired structure.; (2) The alternate dielectric method- in which an outer shell is fabricated out of either ALON or spinel, a grid is applied to its inner surface, and then an alternate dielectric material is directly bonded to it to create the desired structure; and (3) The Co-fired ceramic method- in which the metal grid is applied to green ceramics, and then fired to create the multi-layer structure within the as fired blank. This Phase I will analyze the processes used in each of these approaches, and select the method most likely to produce a cost effective multi-layer dome in quantities up to 250/month. At the conclusion, any remaining process steps not mature will have a cost/risk reduction analysis presented. The Phase II effort would then consist of optimizing the selected method and demonstrating the feasibility of producing these domes in large quantities.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Mr. Evans A. LaRoche
ARMY 07-016      Awarded: 11/21/2007
Title:Manufacturing Issues for Multimode Seeker Domes
Abstract:TA&T has demonstrated the capability to produce 7” diameter, hemispherical domes of transparent spinel by cold isostatic pressing (CIP) of spinel powder, followed by sintering without application of pressure, and finally followed by hot isostatic pressing (HIP). TA&T has exercised its dome manufacturing process sufficiently to have solved many process problems. At the same time, TA&T has gained a qualitative understanding of where the greatest costs are incurred and where the greatest risks remain. The proposed program will study the manufacturing process in greater detail in order to confirm current cost/risk reduction priorities and to quantify anticipated cost savings. A plan will be developed for scaleup to full manufacturing mode and to clarify opportunities for process improvement and substantial cost reductions. Value Stream Mapping and Theory of Constraints analyses will be used to identify/confirm the process steps that must be improved, by way of cost reduction or increased throughput. A revised manufacturing process that incorporates the needed improvements will be developed. Risk assessments will be performed for the revised process to assure that product and process objectives will be met.

PIONEERING DECISIVE SOLUTIONS, INC.
20641 Flat Iron Rd. PO BOX 205
Great Mills, MD 20634
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 787-8642
Dr. Ion A. Neag
ARMY 07-017      Awarded: 12/8/2007
Title:Applying Technologies for Managing the Parallel Test Problem
Abstract:The Army, as well as the DoD and Industry are not facilitated with software that provides the ability to perform Coherent Parallel Test utilizing high input/output (I/O) density test instruments and systems. Current test systems have been designed to perform sequential test which drive throughput limitations and affect the time spent testing and repairing Units Under Test (UUTs). Instrumentation hardware advancements are providing the ability to perform multiple (I/O) stimulus and measurement (with extreme increases in I/O density), as well as, increased parametric capability. There is currently no suitable software available to fully exploit the ability of this high density phenomenon to perform asynchronous, synchronous, concurrent and/or parallel testing. This innovative research program will focus on determining and developing the best available technologies necessary to allow the Army and Industry to enable higher throughput rates (faster tests), true parallel testing(in many cases true functional testing), advanced programming & visualization and improved diagnostics.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Scott Ralph
ARMY 07-018      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:Learning and Mining using Bagged Augmented Decision Trees (LAMBAST)
Abstract:Standoff weapons like seeker missiles enable strikes at targets of opportunity in limited- access areas while minimizing risk to warfighters. However, seekers cannot be deployed quickly enough for these short-notice missions because of two limitations of their onboard ATR systems: 1) ATRs cannot learn from novel, mission-specific data after initial training is complete; and 2) ATRs cannot identify pertinent, non-redundant information from large training databases. These limitations make it impossible to train a seeker’s ATR in a feasible timeframe for short-notice missions. To remedy these problems and make short-notice seeker missions a reality, we propose LAMBAST, or Learning and Mining using Bagged Augmented Decision Trees. LAMBAST examines large databases and extracts sparse, representative subsets of target and clutter samples of interest. For data mining, LAMBAST uses a variant of decision trees, called random decision trees (RDTs). RDTs are immune to overfitting and can incorporate novel, mission-specific data after initial training via perpetual learning. We augment these trees with a distribution modeling component that eliminates redundant information, ignores misrepresentative class distributions in the database, and stops training when decision boundaries are sufficiently sampled. These augmented random decision trees enable fast construction of reliable, mission-specific ATR and make short-notice seeker missions possible.

UTOPIACOMPRESSION, CORP.
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 1020
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Dr. Jacob Yadegar
ARMY 07-018      Awarded: 3/27/2008
Title:Intelligent and Adaptive Decision Forests for Perpetual Knowledge Assimilation
Abstract:Army perceives precision guidance and battlefield awareness as crucial technologies for the future and Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) forms an important component of these technologies. Specifically, tactical target recognition in air-to-ground infrared imagery will increase the lethality of precision guided missiles and reduce fratricide. However, recognition is difficult when the variations in atmospheric conditions and background cause the clutter/target models to behave significantly different from their statistical patterns. Thus, there is a need to constantly update and modify the representative knowledge base with information from new target and clutter samples while retaining non-redundant information. Based on advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence and their sophisticated applications to intelligent imaging solutions, we propose an Incremental Knowledge Assimilation system to optimally incorporate new and relevant data samples into the knowledge base (adaptive bagging based decision forest classifier) in an incremental fashion with minimal memory and computation requirements. Since the goal of the system is to learn perpetually, it lays higher stress on learning the patterns the each mode of the distribution (or each class) rather than focusing merely on the separation of classes. We present preliminary performance results to validate our methodology.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mr. Ross Eaton
ARMY 07-019      Awarded: 12/16/2007
Title:Measure of Realness for Target Image Scoring (MORTIS)
Abstract:One obstacle to the increased use of smart weapons and unmanned air vehicles is a lack of appropriate data to train current or contemplated onboard automatic target recognition (ATR) systems. Generating synthetic data is an appealingly simple solution, but this requires a simulator that can generate data (image/non-image) of sufficient fidelity to ensure correct ATR training. Unfortunately, synthetic and real data can vary widely, and there is no data validation mechanism that determines when synthetic data is sufficiently “real” to serve as training data for an ATR that will classify real data. Measure of Realness for Target Image Scoring, or MORTIS, is an automated data validation system that identifies data that can be used for ATR training by scoring data “realness”. MORTIS uses a predictive approach to data classification, using many features and stepwise discriminant analysis. MORTIS attempts to learn to distinguish between real and synthetic data during a training phase and subsequently predicts if new data are real. When MORTIS identifies real data correctly, the synthetic data looks different than the real data, but when MORTIS fails to distinguish between the two types of data, the synthetic data is sufficiently real for ATR training.

SYSTEM DYNAMICS
400 S. Woodlawn Ave.
Kirkwood, MO 63122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(314) 724-8652
Mr. Steven P. Smith
ARMY 07-019      Awarded: 12/14/2007
Title:Techniques for Comparison of Actual Target Signatures to Rendered or Synthetically Generated Models
Abstract:In the development of modern sensor systems it is necessary to supplement actual performance testing with both digital and hardware-in-the-loop simulations to speed development and offset field test costs. The evaluation of signal/image processing algorithms along with sensor performance is often the primary goal of these simulations. The value of these simulations is only realized when the fidelity of the synthetic target and clutter models used is sufficient to provide an acceptable assessment of performance. As sensors attain higher resolutions and weapon systems become more advanced the requirements on synthetic target and background models become more difficult to meet. Some statistical methods, which have been used in the past to assess the fidelity of synthetic models compared to actual field measurements, have not provided the necessary understanding of the quality of the synthetic models. The objective of this research is to improve synthetic model verification capabilities by developing techniques to quantitatively compare synthetic models with data collected during field tests.

KALSCOTT ENGINEERING, INC.
PO Box 3426
Lawrence, KS 66046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(785) 979-1113
Mr. Tom Sherwood
ARMY 07-020      Awarded: 3/20/2008
Title:Virtual Sensor Wiring Harness for Hazardous Environments
Abstract:Continuous environmental health monitoring is a growing requirement for missile systems to ensure their long-term reliability while being stored, transported and operated in harsh environmental conditions. While several sensors currently exist for measuring temperature, relative humidity, shock/vibration, and other key parameters, the wiring required for such a network of embedded sensors, specially for munitions, would be difficult to install and maintain. The wiring harness adds weight and complexity to the missile system, which could be avoided by using a wireless network. But the wireless system would have to work in the complex RF environment within a missile system, and not cause unintended intitiation of electro-explosive components within the missile. Also, such a wireless system would have to be low power, to maintain safety in a potentially explosive environement, and for long-term functioning. The goal of the proposed effort is to develop such a low-power, long-life, safe wireless network for embedded sensors in a missile system, which provides remote end-users with accurate, near real-time health status awareness information for munitions.

LEWIS INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
Mr. James Lewis
ARMY 07-020      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Virtual Sensor Wiring Harness for Hazardous Environments
Abstract:LIT proposes developing a HERO-Safe communication protocol to allow the use of RF transceivers to meet the requirements of a Virtual Wiring Harness for Hazardous Environments. LIT is teaming with Texas Instruments (TI) and will utilize TI’s Chipcon family of RF components to achieve the low power and long battery life required to make the Virtual Sensor Wiring Harness a reality. LIT’s teaming relationship with TI provides the Government Customer improved access to TI’s low power processor and RF technology. The LIT HERO-Safe Protocol will address network registration and registration delay, node synchronization, data transfer, low duty cycle operation, and hierarchical networks in which the superior network that may not be static. In Phase I LIT will develop the HERO safe RF Protocol with the understanding that the sensor network, composed of sensor nodes and Data-Logging control node, is static. Size, mass, and power are especially important in this embedded sensor system. The long range goal of a one cubic inch system with a ten year battery life is realistic. LIT’s team member, Texas Instruments, possesses state of the art low-power processor and RF technology which makes the ten-year battery life a realizable goal.

DMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
2905 Westcorp Blvd. Suite # 220
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 536-4346
Dr. George Nehmetallah
ARMY 07-021      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:High-Speed Non-Intrusive Measurement Techniques for the Visualization of Droplet Clouds
Abstract:In Phase I we will develop a lab-scale prototype system of digital/analogue 3-d static as well as dynamic single droplet holography. We will also develop algorithms to visualize and determine the particle size, shape, and velocity of a droplet in a lab setup/gun tunnel. We will demonstrate the methodology for extending from single drop to multiple drops in a cloud. By building on the experimental knowledge gathered in Phase I, we will extend the work to Phase II where we will have many droplets in a cloud with a mixture of water, ice, dust and sand particles. In Phase II we will develop a full scale device with off-the- shelf hardware to record 3-D holograms of single droplet shape, velocity and density. Also in this phase we will study particle size distributions and velocities. We will build a friendly user interface for calculating the various parameters that our theoretical study can determine such as average and standard deviation of the particle sizes, their average and dynamic velocities, and the corresponding distribution laws. In Phase III we will help in integrating our device with the aviation and missile test setups to measure particle characteristics.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Hansheng Zhang
ARMY 07-021      Awarded: 12/1/2007
Title:Dynamic Holography Droplet Clouds Analysis System
Abstract:To address the Army need for a high-speed measurement instrument to record and display water droplet demise through vehicle-induced shocks, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dynamic Holography Droplet Clouds Analysis System (DHDCAS) with the capability of measuring 3D volume domains, particle velocity and size distributions, shape, and mass as a function of time. The proposed DHDCAS is based on dynamic holography with an enhanced photorefractive semiconductor material. The innovation in DHDCAS will enable the system to record holograms at a very high speed, which will allow recording and visualization of dynamic events and provide 3D information of water droplet demise. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of DHDCAS by designing, analyzing, and fabricating a breadboard setup. In Phase II POC plans to develop a prototype to test its capabilities of high-speed recording, displaying water droplet demise due to vehicle-induced shocks, and measuring particle velocity and size distributions, shape, and mass as a function of time in 3D volume domains.

COSTVISION
1472 North St.
Boulder, CO 80304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 539-9312
Mr. Charles W. Stirk
ARMY 07-022      Awarded: 3/4/2008
Title:Decision aide for affordability risk identification, management, and optimization of tactical missile manufacturing
Abstract:Army Science and Technology (S&T) managers need a decision aide to identify and manage manufacturing affordability risks to lower costs and increase the transition success rate to tactical missile systems. This program leverages an existing web- based, secure, and modular costing framework that is being developed for strategic missile programs with involvement from leading contractors. The innovations of the proposed research are to enhance this framework with capabilities needed by Army tactical missile S&T managers such as: user interfaces and workflows tailored for ease of use on their specific tasks; and a database of historical tactical missile cost elements with common issues in their manufacturing, integration, assembly and test. Another innovation is to leverage an emerging systems engineering data model standard to enable cost, schedule constraint and performance parameter trade space analysis; and to support established risk assessment and management techniques that can be applied to Manufacturing/Technology Readiness Levels and Assessments. The path to commercialization will be for use on S&T programs, initially for tactical missile programs such as NLOS and EAPS by the Army and contractors, then later expanding to cruise missile, aviation and other military programs.

FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-3302
Mr. Sam Boykin
ARMY 07-022      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:Automated Risk Assessment Tool to Optimize Missile System Affordability Management
Abstract:In recent years, there has been a strong emphasis on addressing affordability during Army Science and Technology (S&T) efforts to reduce the life-cycle cost of missile systems. Studies have shown that considering technology and manufacturing maturity, in conjunction with affordability principles during development yields significant benefits in several important area, including lower total costs and improved quality. Although progress has been made to incorporate this concept early in technology development, there are no automated, decision-aide tools available to help Army managers and analysts understand the impacts of the risks and cost trades associated with technology investments. This Phase I research will examine the feasibility of the type of affordability analysis toolset. This capability will enable developers and planners to estimate the cost impact of designs quickly and with credibility, enabling life-cycle cost, and the maturity of technology and manufacturing to be used as key elements in “best-value” design trades. The integration of technology maturity and manufacturability considerations into the cost- estimation methodology will provide a capability acknowledged by the Defense Science Board as an important issue in systems acquisition. The Phase II program will fully develop a prototype computer-analysis tool, and validate its functionality with Army-specific missile systems.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Mr. Carl S. Byington
ARMY 07-023      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:A Comprehensive, Embedded Vibration Management System for In-Situ Missile Evaluation
Abstract:In response to SBIR topic ARMY 07-023, Impact Technologies, collaborating with Allient Techsystems, Incorporated (ATK), proposes to develop and demonstrate a modular embedded vibration management platform for the collection, signal processing, real-time analysis, and reduction of vibration data. The proposed asset-mounted sensor will be capable of long term autonomous collection and analysis of vibration data from an integral multi-axis accelerometer. The author’s significant vibration experience will be used to modify existing analysis techniques for the sensor’s real time processing. All saved data and processing results will be transferable to an external system via an onboard USB port for further post processing. The authors will adapt existing Impact-developed embedded data acquisition systems for use in this program or utilize COTS components whenever possible. Impact is well positioned to leverage their experience and knowledge of vibration measurement systems in order to develop a commercializable product for application on a variety of systems, including unmanned aerial and ground vehicles. The proposed design will be demonstrated via prototype tests during Phase I.

LEWIS INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
Mr. James Lewis
ARMY 07-023      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Embedded Vibration Monitoring and Real-Time Data Analysis and Reduction
Abstract:LIT proposes using Actel "Live at Power Up" (LAPU) FPGA to design an Embedded Vibration Monitoring and Real-Time Data Analysis and Reduction System with a Low Power, Continuous Monitoring Sub-system and a fast-waking signal processing sub- system.

MATERIALS SCIENCES CORP.
181 Gibraltar Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Mr. Richard Foedinger
ARMY 07-024      Awarded: 12/1/2007
Title:High Strength, High Modulus Nano-Composite Missile Structures (MSC P7017)
Abstract:The Army has expressed a need for developing lighter weight alternatives to replace the aluminum structural components currently used in high performance missile systems. While advances have been made in formulating chopped carbon fiber composites with improved mechanical strength and stiffness at much lower densities than aluminum, current state-of-the-art chopped fiber reinforced composites do not provide the desired strength and/or stiffness properties. Newer material formulations and processing approaches using carbon nanotube reinforced composites and tailored, oriented fiber reinforcements are proposed to offer the potential for improving mechanical properties. The proposed innovation involves the formulation and characterization of improved CNT- reinforced molding compounds, and high stiffness/high strength structural components, that are produced using tailored reinforcement forms and material constructions rather. This processing approach allows the use of higher concentrations of CNT and chopped fiber reinforcements for improved properties at “processable” viscosities. Structural components fabricated using customized oriented molding compounds will be developed and evaluated to achieve increased properties and improved processing characteristics over more conventional chopped fiber moldng compounds. An Integrated Product Team has been assembled to ensure successful transition of the material and processing technology to viable military and commercial products.

NANOLAB, INC.
55 Chapel St
Newton, MA 02458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 581-6747
Mr. David Carnahan
ARMY 07-024      Awarded: 12/4/2007
Title:High Strength, High Modulus Nano-Composite Missile Structures
Abstract:Over the past ten years, it has become increasingly clear that carbon fiber composites can replace more common engineering materials such as aluminum in weight critical, structural components, such as those found in missile systems. Nanoscale materials, such as carbon nanotubes, can impart superior mechanical properties to these composites, and thereby allow composites to replace more components. However, they require careful optimization before the properties inherent in nanomaterials are manifested in the bulk composites. In the proposed Phase-I investigation, NanoLab will apply our expertise in nanotube catalysis, growth, and chemical functionalization to chopped carbon fibers and the preparation of composites with them. NanoLab will work in this Phase I effort to identify the optimal length, site density, and functionalization scheme to optimize the properties of chopped fiber based, epoxy filled carbon composites, with the goal of matching the properties of aluminum alloy 7075 at a lower density.

NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8365
Dr. Terrisa Duenas
ARMY 07-025      Awarded: 3/3/2008
Title:Nanocomposite for Impact Mitigation in cOmposite missile skins (NIMO)
Abstract:The goal of the proposed research by NextGen Aeronautics, the University of Nebraska Lincoln and Penn State is to develop an impact resistant carbon-fiber composite missile skin using a fracture toughening self-repairing nanocomposite technology. NextGen will demonstrate substantial increase in interlaminar fracture toughness as well as matrix crack resistance by combining ultra-thin continuous nanofibers with nanostructures to reinforce layers and impart self-healing properties into the composite matrix. The matrix consists of a mendomer self-healing polymer combined with a low (<5%) volume fraction of nanostructures. The objective of Phase I is demonstration of impact damage mitigation. The cost and weight of composite structure are kept low by using nanostructures to accomplish increased impact toughness while not decreasing payload. Improvements in fracture and impact properties will be shown experimentally. We will also develop analytical models that can easily be incorporated into software used by system integrators. In Phase II, the NextGen team will demonstrate automated composite manufacturing techniques using a filament winding approach and perform component level testing. The team will also incorporate the technology into a working prototype and partner with Raytheon Missile Systems to transition the technology to military munitions and advanced airframe structural platforms.

LEWIS INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
Mr. James Lewis
ARMY 07-026      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:Cheap Miniaturized Intelligent Wireless Missile Sensor Platform
Abstract:The proposed solution is to leverage LIT’s experience in designing and fielding military hardware and sensor-related technologies and teaming with Texas Instruments, a major manufacturer of related technologies, to develop a soundly engineered miniature intelligent wireless missile sensor platform by utilizing an evolving approach to size reduction and power management. Key areas to be addressed: • Advance manufacturing technology to chip-scale packaging, including: Chip-on-Board technology, Hybrid technology • Stackable or Flexible PCBs (Form Factor) • Power-saving protocols • Teaming with Texas Instruments (TI) for access to the following: Lowest power components, Smallest chip-scale components, Application Support, Reference designs LIT is uniquely qualified to design a miniaturized intelligent wireless missile sensor platform because of experience with low-power embedded monitoring systems and the development of miniaturized components. LIT developed embedded software for the Remote Readiness Asset Prognostics and Diagnostic System (RRAPDS) program, which provides munitions readiness indication, health monitoring, and environmental monitoring for tactical assets. LIT also designed a new launcher test set to replace the legacy system for the Patriot Guided Missile Launching Station Test Set (LSTS) program to eliminate obsolescence. LIT’s redesigned launcher test reduced the overall size, power consumption, weight, and cost of the LSTS system significantly.

SPORIAN MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Dr. Brian Schaible
ARMY 07-026      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:Cheap Miniaturized Intelligent Wireless Missile Sensor Platform
Abstract:There is a need for small, low cost, wireless sensor platforms for in situ monitoring of missiles and other assets. These highly integrated sensor platforms should be small and energy efficient enough to operate on a single battery for a period of fifteen years. The objective of this work is to develop a 1 cubic inch wireless sensor platform with integrated temperature, humidity, and 3-axis shock sensors, provisions for connection of remote sensors, HERO compliance and with a wireless interface that meets the existing requirements of TR-AMR-SG-06-34. In addition to the sensor platforms, we will develop a hardware and software interface required to allow the platforms to communicate with an existing handheld interrogator. The proposed concept pushes the state of the art but leverages Sporian’s previous work on energy efficient wireless sensor network hardware and software. The effort maximizes use of existing components and technology to reduce overall development risk. Work tasks include the evaluation of several novel concepts to reduce platform size and minimize energy consumption, and will result in a preliminary system design and proof-of-principle prototypes. The work will be performed through a partnership between Sporian Microsystems, Titanium Mirror, Inc. and Lockheed Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors division.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Dr. Roberto DiSalvo
ARMY 07-027      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:Advanced Nano-Particle Fuel Gel Formulations for Tactical Bipropulsion Systems
Abstract:CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) in conjunction with the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) propose to develop a fuel gel based on the Army’s most current tertiary amine MMH replacement fuel. We will develop a novel technology for the production of nanoparticles by employing the supercritical antisolvent (SAS) process. With the use of our proprietary software technology that allows us to predict the physical properties of gels in silico, we will be able to predict the properties of the gels reducing the number of gel batches necessary to obtain the desired physical properties. Current churn-mixer gelling processes will be adapted to accommodate gelling a mixture of tertiary amines with nano-sized particles to obtain a consistent and reproducible gel mixing process. Complete preliminary rheological measurements to demonstrate that the fuel gel candidates will pass the standard Army developed leak test will also be conducted. The volumetric performance of the candidates will be determined by using the Cantera thermochemical code. These formulations will have a higher volumetric performance and a lower gellant concentration than the corresponding fumed silica gel currently the baseline gel. In Phase I we will establish the feasibility of our nano-particle fuel gel technology and in Phase II we will scale-up the preparation process, conduct thorough rheological and properties characterization, and position the technology for effective Phase III transition to the Army customer.

ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP.(ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5000
Dr. Millicent Coil
ARMY 07-027      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:Optimal Fuel Gel Formulations
Abstract:Propellant gels offer a promising way to simultaneously increase safety of operations and enhance performance. Gel viscoelastic properties minimize leaking and slosh during storage yet allow flow on demand. Use of energetic gellants can increase density specific impulse performance. Clever formulation of propellant gels based on sol-gel science can optimize gel properties. The proposed work will design and characterize fuel gel formulations for the Army’s bipropellant rocket engines. The fuel gels will consist of an azide fuel and a polymer-nanoparticulate gellant. Rheological and thermal characterization of the samples will guide the design process. The results will demonstrate the ability to apply theory to ‘dial in’ the viscoelastic properties that will provide the safety and IM benefits and improved performance.

LEWIS INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
Mr. James Lewis
ARMY 07-028      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:Secure, Lightweight, Tamper Proof, Cable Technology
Abstract:LIT proposes a modular Fiber Optic Universal Cable Adapter. Fiber Optic (FO) technology provides high-speed communication bandwidth (into gigabits per second) with advantages in weight and security. FO is intrinsically secure over the Electro-Magnetic spectrum. FO is suitable for cabling applications over short distances (1 meter) to long distances (10 kilometers). FO cable has weight advantages because fiber is inherently lighter than wire and because shielding and differential pairs are not required for secure high-speed data transmission. Because of these bandwidth, EMI, distance, and security features, no wire based serial data system can compare to Fiber Optic. The UCA must be configurable to allow for any combination of signals or signal types. The U. S. Military uses standard communication interfaces, but also depends heavily on custom interfaces. The UCA needs a method of interfacing numerous signal types (such as analog, digital, serial communications, and power) without requiring a complete system redesign each time a different signal type is encountered. The modular approach provides the apparatus to conveniently incorporate any signal or interface into the UCA. The LIT solution incorporates Built-In-Test, health monitoring, self-healing, redundant connectivity, Forward Error Correction, Anti-Tamper and encryption technology for system and data protection.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Mr. Brian J. York
ARMY 07-029      Awarded: 3/12/2008
Title:Missile/UAV Dispense Interference Modeling
Abstract:The innovation is that of using blast-based concepts for the hypersonic/endo dispense of an array of small hardened projectiles (SHAPs) from an interceptor missile. Hit-to-kill successes using this SHAP concept will be significantly enhanced from that of conventional, single warhead concepts, akin to the improved probability of hitting a fast moving object with buckshot in comparison to a single bullet. Technology issues need to be addressed to demonstrate the viability of this concept and advanced tools to address these issues are well established, based on related activities in analyzing blasts and multi-body dispense at high speeds. Key items we will be addressing are: moving blast interactions in a hypersonic environment (for both single and multiple blasts), SHAP effects on blast attenuation, and SHAP dispersion patterns. We will restrict our attention to spherical SHAPs where the key parameters are SHAP loading (overall mass of SHAPs to mass of explosive charge) and SHAP size for fixed loading (with a larger number of smaller SHAPs more closely following the blast gas-phase pathlines, but also attenuating the blast strength the most). Relevant technology stems from work being performed for MDA in dispensing blasts from interceptor missiles at exo-altitudes related to flux-based discrimination concepts.

THE SENTIENT CORP.
27757 Cricket Lane
Harvest, AL 35749
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-3810
Mr. Kent Key
ARMY 07-029      Awarded: 12/7/2007
Title:Hypersonic Dispense Strategy for Adaptive Pattern Dispersion
Abstract:This effort proposed is tailored for a hypersonic class missile “UAV” to evaluate the opportunity to optimize fragment dispersion as it relates to the engagement geometry and timing uncertainty for threat classes that are intercepted within the atmosphere. Store separation, or in the proposed context, smart dispense of a lethality enhancement device, is extremely difficult to evaluate via analytical means without validating the predicted solutions with ground test. Essentially, the problem is characterized by the canister separation from the UAV, canister blast dynamics, and particle dispersion in a hypersonic flow. Pattern shaping to enhance lethality based on engagement geometry and intercept timing uncertainly is accomplished by independent ignition timing for each of the dispensed canisters.

ECLIPSE ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Dr. Rand Dannenberg
ARMY 07-030      Awarded: 3/7/2008
Title:Wide Waveband, Large Aperture, Trichroic Beamcombiner
Abstract:Recent developments in hardware-in-the-loop systems for simulation and test of defense- critical sensors have led to requirements for optical beam combiners transmitting near infrared and Ka bands but reflecting long-wave infrared bands. Many candidate materials fall short of meeting specifications in these wavelength regions. By using innovative inhomogeneous (or rugated) index of refraction profile filter design techniques, needle- synthesis techniques, and a state-of-the-art deposition tool, it will be possible design and fabricate a trichroic beam combiner passing 1064 nm, blocking the LWIR, and passing the Ka band. This will be accomplished through achieving the Phase I technical objectives of formulating and theoretically modeling initial designs for rugate coatings to met spectral requirements, depositing beam combiner coatings on small witness pieces to develop process monitoring procedures and evaluating environmental durability (heat, humidity shift, abrasion) and iterating the design to compensate as needed.

NEI CORP.
400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 868-3141
Dr. Mohit Jain
ARMY 07-031      Awarded: 12/17/2007
Title:Boron Nanotubes for Ultra High Strength Light Weight Composites
Abstract:Boron Nanotubes (BNTs) have been predicted to have characteristics that are distinctively different than those of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), particularly with respect to physical and chemical properties. However, the development of BNTs is still in its infancy due to the lack of research performed in synthesizing BNTs. We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of synthesizing BNTs using a novel two-step process. The key innovation proposed here is to utilize a precursor structure of boron that will transform readily to BNTs. Further, an aspect of the proposed technology will allow long-term storage of BNTs by preventing any oxidation due to exposure to ambient atmosphere. In Phase I, phase pure and high purity BNTs will be synthesized and characterized for structural and chemical purity, which will result in the development of a protocol for synthesizing BNTs under optimized conditions. Additionally, the dispersabilty of BNTs, which is one of the critical parameters that determines the commercialization potential of BNTs, will be studied. Commercialization and scale-up plans will be developed during Phase I, and implemented in Phase II. A pilot scale system for the synthesis of BNTs will be delivered to the ARMY at the end of Phase II.

UNIVERSAL GLOBAL PRODUCTS, LLC
3159 Schrader Rd
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 314-8700
Mr. Svetoslav Zlatev
ARMY 07-031      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:Boron Nanotubes for Ultra High Strength Light Weight Composites
Abstract:Universal Global Products, LLC proposes to develop a plan for a high volume, boron nanotubes synthesis prototype reactor. The significance of this proposal is that for the first time, boron nanotubes (BNTs) will be synthesized in high volume for use practical materials. Academic research data and analysis signifies that BNTs have significant strength advantage over present state-of-the-art nanomaterials. The innovation proposed is to develop a method and design a reactor prototype for producing BNTs from readily available, environmentally friendly, materials and chemicals. The approach for this prototype will utilize an amalgam of internal company know-how in nanomaterials and successful data from academia to create realistic and achievable action plan for the design of the reactor. UGP’s success will mitigate the issues with heavyweight engineering materials usage, low corrosion resistance, instability at high temperatures experienced by operational environment exposed coatings in military materiel. In later phases of this project, BNTs produced by UGP will surpass competitive technologies (aramid fibers, carbon nanotubes) as the choice for strengthening lightweight composites, with improved mechanical properties. Phase I activities will include: investigating methods for producing BNTs, developing a reactor prototype diagram, and procedural instructions for proper handling and storage, and prevention of material degradation.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3119
Ms. Carol Cheung
ARMY 07-032      Awarded: 11/13/2007
Title:MAGMA Mission Planner: Multi-Autonomous Ground/Multi-Air Unmanned Vehicle Collaboration
Abstract:To conduct a target engagement, a team of autonomous unmanned air and ground vehicles will have to execute tasks of target pursuit and target tracking. The iRobot, CMU, and AeroVironment team is actively developing mission planning and collaborative teaming algorithms for a UAV-UGV team. For this project, we propose to expand the current team to double the number of participating UAVs and UGVs involved in a target engagement mission. Moreover, we aim to diversify the UGV set to include different but complementary UGV platforms that enable a wider range of capabilities for pursuit and tracking from the ground. The mission planning tools will be developed on a Supervisor Operator Control Unit to support mission monitoring, situational awareness and supervisory control for the operator. We lead the industry in our expertise of small UAV and UGV platforms as well as in advanced multi-robot coordination. The team has the collective knowledge and experience to develop practical near-term mission planning solutions and advanced collaborative UAV and UGV system teams.

KUTTA CONSULTING, INC.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Mr. Douglas V. Limbaugh
ARMY 07-032      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Multi-Agent Based Small Unit Effects Planning and Collaborative Engagement with Unmanned Systems
Abstract:In this proposal, Kutta leverages its own Multi-Mission Planner and Controller Tool - Software Development Kit (MMPACT-SDK) as well as its partner’s past autonomous collaborative experiences. Kutta’s SDK allows the team to architect a controller that enables an operator to launch an offensive mission with unmanned aircraft (UA) and unmanned ground vehicles. The UAs in this proposal are unique in that they can be equipped with modular standard military issued small arms payloads (e.g. M-16s, grenades, flash-bang grenades, or subterranean radios). The user interface allows the operator the ability to launch semi-autonomous or completely autonomous missions. Unique concepts of operations that take advantage of the modular UA payloads enable offensive strafing operations, perimeter security, lead/follow modes, as well as surprise attacks, including unique subterranean capabilities. In order to accomplish this goal, Kutta uses a proven software engineering methodology to derive the set of functionality for the autonomous version of the MMPACT controller (A-MMPACT). Based upon the functionality assessment, Kutta designs the necessary software components for integration into the existing SDK and concludes the Phase I with a demonstration of a mission thread with an actual UA in the loop.

NUMERICA CORP.
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Dr. Shawn M. Herman
ARMY 07-032      Awarded: 11/6/2007
Title:Multi-Agent Based Small Unit Effects Planning and Collaborative Engagement with Unmanned Systems
Abstract:Armed Unmanned Systems (UMSs) will be common in the Future Force Battlespace. In order to make the most efficient use of manpower, control modes with more UMS autonomy are necessary. Numerica envisions a system of multiple aerial and ground vehicles that intelligently prioritizes, tracks, and engages targets in complex environments. The collaborative control algorithm on each UMS will plan its actions based on shared knowledge of targets, platform capabilities, and situational awareness. Local UMS teams will exchange information to resolve conflicts in their plans of action. These actions will then be dynamically re-planned in response to evolving threats and changes in situational awareness. Operators will be able to preempt engagement plans to influence the behavior of the UMS team. Numerica's approach to decentralized collaboration is unique because it simultaneously addresses the limitations in communication resources and UMS onboard processing. To ensure a successful outcome of this effort, Numerica will leverage its expertise in areas such as network-centric tracking, signal processing, communication resource management, and discrete optimization. The value of Numerica's approach to decentralized collaborative engagement using autonomous UMS teams will be illustrated through a proof-of-principle simulation in Phase I and a sensor/control, hardware demonstration in the Phase I option.

MCQ, INC.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. James Morrison
ARMY 07-033      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:Miniaturized, Low-cost Processing and Software/Hardware Component Technology for Near Real-time Structure Mapping for Urban Combat Special Operations
Abstract:The proposed SBIR will develop an acoustic localization and building characterization system utilizing ad hoc networking and RF/Acoustic distance measurements and ultrasonic dimensioning. The sensor system will be low power and low cost to enable long operation times and high volume production at realistic budgets. The RF/Acoustic nodes will be designed for use and deployment by Unmanned Systems (UMS), as well as for handheld operation and quick deployment by clearing personnel. External GPS equipped nodes will anchor the building geographically. McQ has defined a design approach for a Phase I program that will research, develop, and refine the technical concepts based upon our experience with ad hoc networking, acoustic algorithms, and simulation development. McQ has over 10 years experience with the design and development of advanced unattended ground sensors (UGS) systems and associated algorithm development and simulation. During Phase I we will evaluate ad hoc networks and current RF/Acoustic heuristics to develop advanced building characterization algorithms. Algorithms will be tested and refined using simulation to assess the capabilities of the system. A design approach for SBIR Phase II will be presented to produce prototype units to integrate with the algorithms, a GUI for network visualization, and further refinement of algorithms.

TECHNEST HOLDINGS, INC.
10411 Motor City Drive Suite 650
Bethesda, MD 20817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 767-2810
Dr. Steven Yi
ARMY 07-033      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:Miniaturized, Low-cost Processing and Software/Hardware Component Technology for Near Real-time Structure Mapping for Urban Combat Special Operations
Abstract:Technest Holdings Inc. proposes in this SBIR effort to develop a near real-time multi- sensor 3D structure mapping system with added capability for object recognition. The proposed system will use low-cost and fast sensors that are seamlessly integrated with our customized hardware to provide high-resolution 3D maps of the surroundings. In doing so, the proposed 3D-Mapping system will provide a robust, practical and cost- effective solution to the challenge presented in this solicitation. This system will be designed leveraging our wide experience in designing hardware and software systems for real-time surveillance, 3D imaging, 3D modeling and 2D/3D target detection, tracking and classification. The benefits of the proposed system are reflected in its potential uses for urban combat, robotics research and surveillance applications.

ADVANCED CERAMETRICS, INC.
P.O. Box 128 245 North Main Street
Lambertville, NJ 08530
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 397-2900
Dr. Farhad Mohammadi
ARMY 07-034      Awarded: 12/4/2007
Title:Hybrid Harvesting Energy for Wireless Sensor Networks
Abstract:Currently, wireless sensors have been used in variety of applications such as surveillance, real-time data sharing, in-vivo medical devices, condition-based monitoring, etc. that can revolutionize industrial efficiency, health monitoring, and data processing. MEMS technology made possible autonomous wireless sensor nodes via the use of widespread, tiny sensors in large numbers. However, the sheer number of sensors requires a huge number of batteries, which can be very heavy, hard to deploy, and difficult to replace. Large geographic coverage of surveillance sensors requiring hundreds or thousands of batteries, with a limited life span and temperature tolerance, may not be practical, especially due to their maintenance and replacing the discharged batteries in hostile territories. Therefore, it is important to have a self-sufficient carefree power source that can generate electric power from its environment. Maximizing the use of wireless sensors will reduce the cost of maintenance and manpower. Using electric energy generated by environmental elements from disturbance/vibration or a temperature gradient in self-powered devices can eliminate sensor batteries in remote or inaccessible places. This proposal addresses that need via a novel approach to generate power from hybrid energy sources.

AMBIENT MICRO
Maui Research & Technology Center 590 Lipoa Parkway Suite 127
Kihei, HI 96753
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(866) 561-4823
Dr. John Langley
ARMY 07-034      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Harvesting Energy for Wireless Sensor Networks
Abstract:A key aim of the Army’s Future Combat Systems (FCS) program is the development of enhanced remote sensing capabilities that provide commanders with improved situational awareness and battlefield shaping capabilities, while reducing potential casualties and manpower costs. Future Army WSN mission applications will utilize persistent wireless sensor networks to provide commanders with continuous surveillance to detect, target, and respond to enemy activity. To achieve this goal of persistent surveillance, Army WSN applications will need access to “persistent” power supplies. Current battery technologies can not provide this capability. The Army’s challenge is to extend the benefits of wireless sensor networks while reducing or eliminating the operational lifetime limitations caused by battery depletion. Its opportunity is to develop self-sustaining WSN capabilities that eliminate the need for battery replacement. Ambient Micro has developed a Multi-Source Ambient Power Supply (MS-AMPS) technology that efficiently combines ambient solar, vibration, thermoelectric, and RF electromagnetic energy to extend the operating life of selected wireless devices indefinitely. Ambient Micro proposes to develop a multi-source energy harvesting power supply to indefinitely extend the operating life of Army wireless sensor networks. The long term goal will be to develop of a new class of battery-less wireless sensor networks, devices, and applications.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Mr. Richard Murray
ARMY 07-035      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Miniaturized Electrical Initiation Systems for Miniature Thermal Batteries
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of a class of novel low-cost programmable miniature electrically initiated inertial igniter concepts that operate without any external power for miniature thermal batteries that are suitable for gun-fired munitions, mortars and small missiles. A systematic method is developed for determining the performance of each miniature electrically initiated inertial igniter concept to all no-fire acceleration profiles, including those due to accidental drops, transportation and handling, as well as to various all-fire acceleration profiles. Issues related to the integration of the proposed novel miniature electrically initiated inertial igniters into miniature thermal battery housings of various geometries as well as high G hardening are addressed. The project involves extensive dynamics and finite element modeling of the proposed concepts, as well as their various components to determine their dynamic response to various environmental inputs and to satisfy the indicated safety and activation requirements. The proposed miniature electrically initiated inertial igniters will be manufactured using well established mass fabrication techniques and equipment, and should readily satisfy the need for the development of low-cost, safe, small and low-power miniature thermal batteries for munitions applications.

MET TECH, INC.
317 Varick Street
Jersey City, NJ 07302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 333-9937
Mr. Jacob Bindler
ARMY 07-036      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Gun Hardened High-Performance Miniature Angular Acceleration Sensor
Abstract:Accurate targeting of ordnance is of vital importance for current and future battlefield requirements. A particular need exists for guidance devices applicable to gun-fired munitions. Currently available angular acceleration sensors do not fulfill the accuracy, size, weight, sensitivity, or especially the shock resistance requirements for gun-fired payloads. MET Tech, Inc. has recently developed novel angular acceleration sensors that promise to fulfill all the requirements for guidance of such munitions: high accuracy, small size and weight, low power consumption, and high sensitivity; and, because they have no proof mass or moving parts, the sensors are able to withstand extremely high forces such as those experienced during gun firing, without any degradation of operability. In this SBIR program, MET Tech proposes to develop novel high-performance miniature acceleration sensors having low drift, high dynamic range, and resistance to shock associated with gun firing, in a compact, economical package. MET Tech will demonstrate the feasibility of the new sensors through modeling and simulation, focusing on two key characteristics: ability to survive shock, and settling time after firing. Based on the model developed, we will then fabricate and test a laboratory prototype sensor. Finally, using both calculated and measured results, we will predict the expected performance of optimized sensors. Phase II will be devoted to design and fabrication of system-level angular acceleration sensors, as well as development of design drawings and drawings supporting the design, manufacture, test and evaluation of production model sensors, which will be produced in Phase III.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5237
Dr. Benjamin Bachrach
ARMY 07-037      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:Auto-tracking Steerable Laser Range Finder
Abstract:The next generation of infantry weapons will include small arms capable of delivering air busting ammunitions over considerable ranges. These weapons will be equipped with sophisticated target acquisition/fire control systems (TA/FC). In order to accomplish its purpose, the TA/FC system needs accurate range information to the target. This information will be provided by a laser range finder (LRF) integrated with the TA/FC system, and it will be up to the soldier to accurately aim the laser range finder at the enemy target of interest. To facilitate the soldier’s task of obtaining an accurate range to the target, Intelligent Automation Inc. proposes to augment the TA/FC capabilities with a miniature steerable LRF operating in conjunction with a target tracking system. By integrating the two systems together it will no longer be necessary for the soldier to aim the range finder exactly at the desired target, but only to its vicinity. The potential of the proposed effort cannot be sufficiently emphasized. Based on preliminary data, it can be substantiated that the success of the proposed project has the potential of translating into significant increases in system lethality (in the order of 50%). Improvements of such magnitude require little justification.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Min-Yi Shih
ARMY 07-037      Awarded: 11/13/2007
Title:Steerable Laser Rangefinder
Abstract:To address the Army need for a compact, rugged, actively steerable laser rangefinder system for small arms airburst applications, compensating for gun positioning jitter, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel STEerable LAser rangeFinder (STELAF) system based on a micro-modulated liquid crystal beam steerer (ICER). The ICER beam steering component will assist the soldier in accurately aiming the laser rangefinder at the target, steering the laser beam in both azimuth and elevation angle up to -/+ 4 mils with an accuracy 0.05 mil. The entire two-dimensional angle ranges are scanned at 2 Hz. The system is compact (25 mm x 25 mm x 1 cm), low-power (0.5 W), and robust, and will optomechanically fit into the FA/FC system. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of STELAF by fabricating and testing the system and preparing a road map for incorporation into a relevant weapon system. In Phase II we plan to optimize the STELAF design and component performance, and will develop a fully functional prototype integrated into an air burst-capable small arm that will lead to a new rugged and reliable steerable laser rangefinder for next-generation pointing control.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Mr. Richard Murray
ARMY 07-038      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Novel High Control-Authority Impulse Based Micro-Actuation Technologies for Steering Guided Munitions
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of a number of novel high force/torque and high dynamic response actuator technology concepts that are particularly suitable for gun-fired guided and smart munitions. These novel actuator concepts will require minimal electrical power for their operation and they are lightweight and occupy small volumes. The actuator concepts are very simple and modular in design; can provide linear and partial or full rotary actuation; are capable of being integrated into the structure of the projectile, mostly as load bearing structural components; and therefore have the potential of providing a very low cost actuator solution to almost any gun-fired munitions, both subsonic and supersonic, mortars and small missiles. Due to their basic design, the present actuation devices and their related components are well protected against very high firing acceleration loads, vibration, impact loading, repeated loading and acceleration and deceleration cycles that can be experienced during transportation and loading operations. The guidance and control system of a projectile equipped with the proposed actuation devices should be capable of achieving significantly enhanced precision for both stationary and moving targets, thereby achieving significantly greater probability of hit.

N&R ENGINEERING
6659 Pearl Road Suite #400
Cleveland, OH 44130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 845-7020
Dr. John Z. Gyekenyesi
ARMY 07-039      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Probabilistic Physics-based design of Composite (and Novel) Materials & Structures for pre-defined Hi-Reliability and Life Expectancy
Abstract:Composite materials are being used in greater quantities for military combat vehicles and other hardware in an effort to improve the overall performance by making them lighter, stiffer, and have greater damage tolerance. The operating environment for military may present unique hazards such as projectiles from small arms and shrapnel. These hazards may produce holes in the composite by shearing the material, cause delamination, cracking, or a combination of each type of failure. In order to make structures safer, it is critical to accurately model and predict the damage initiation and its progression in composites that requires appropriately accounting for uncertainties associated with the composite material properties, manufacturing processes and loading conditions. N&R Engineering and GERT are proposing to establish a methodology for modeling the failure process of a composite structure while accounting for manufacturing, material, and loading uncertainties. The peridynamic theory will be used to model the failure process in a composite structure. The probabilistic analysis will be used quantify the probability of failure and sensitivity of the structural response to input variables. The methodology will include modules that determine composite properties from its constituents’ properties and geometric configuration, structural analysis, and probabilistic analysis including a sensitivity analysis.

PREDICTIONPROBE, INC.
2192 Dupont Drive, Suite 205
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 476-4491
Dr. Mohammad Khalessi
ARMY 07-039      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Probabilistic Physics-based design of Composite (and Novel) Materials & Structures for pre-defined Hi-Reliability and Life Expectancy
Abstract:Composite materials are well-known for the uncertainty in their properties arising from the inherent randomness in fiber, matrix and bonding material properties, in the manufacturing process and in environmental effects. When composite materials are used in any product, the traditional deterministic approach to design which tries to account for these uncertainties by applying arbitrary safety factors is not adequate. Instead, a probabilistic approach whereby the effects of these uncertainties are objectively analyzed must be utilized. The overall objective of this effort is to develop an innovative, physics-based approach for design of composite structures using probabilistic methods. This approach will: (a) result in practical predictive models that will accurately predict the local behavior of composite structures for various failure modes, (b) characterize the uncertainties associated with design variables and/or predictive models, (c) characterize the global behavior and performance of composite structures, and (d) implement probabilistic technology through the use of the commercial, off-the-shelf probabilistic software engine, UNIPASS. The technologies to be developed will be used to create practical commercial software for modeling and analysis of advanced composites structures during the Commercialization Phase.

PHOENIX NUCLEAR LABS LLC
8123 Forsythia St Suite 140
Middleton, WI 53562
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 826-4267
Dr. Gregory Piefer
ARMY 07-040      Awarded: 12/14/2007
Title:High-flux electronically generated thermal neutron source for radiographic applications
Abstract:An innovative approach to generating a high thermal neutron flux (108 n/cm2/s) at a distance of 1 m from the source via D-T nuclear fusion reactions is proposed. By making use of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC) technology, which creates reactions between a re-circulating ion beam and a gas target, the limitations on lifetime of fusion sources that use solid targets can be overcome, while still possessing the advantages of being electronic. Additionally, substantial improvements in neutron moderator efficiency are proposed that can relax the requirements on total output for isotropic sources, improving efficiency and decreasing leakage radiation. Preliminary studies using the MCNPX code indicate that creative moderator designs can increase thermal neutron efficiency by over 50 times that from existing moderators. The goal of this proposal is to increase IEC neutron production rates by a factor of 4 in phase I, and a factor of 5 in phase II to reach a final rate of > 1013 n/s. Furthermore, moderator efficiency will increase by an additional factor of 4 in phase 1, and 20 in phase 2. These enhancements will allow the thermal flux on a target to be 2*106 n/cm2/s after phase I, and 1*108 n/cm2/s after phase II.

STARFIRE INDUSTRIES, LLC
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 390-2784
Dr. Robert A. Stubbers
ARMY 07-040      Awarded: 11/26/2007
Title:High-Efficiency Long-Lifetime Neutron Generator For Radiographic Munitions and IED Inspection
Abstract:Sealed-tube FNG sources have on-off capability and relatively small size; however, lifetime of these tubes at the desired output levels is short (a few hundred hours due to target degradation at high power), and thus have prohibitive operating cost. In order to become cost and mission effective, the US Army is specifically looking for the development of an advanced generator that can improve output efficiency and lifetime in a compact configuration. Starfire Industries is proposing an innovative FNG solution to address these engineering challenges. This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will address the technical and commercial feasibility of an advanced, compact, high-flux fusion neutron generator (FNG) with higher conversion efficiency (>5×) and longer lifetime (>20×) compared to the current state-of-the-art for neutron radiography (NR) systems with fast image processing capability for the inspection of munitions, unexploded ordinance and IED detections, and other non-destructive evaluation (NDE) applications. Preliminary modeling and experiments have shown evidence of scientific feasibility of a novel approach for neutron source and illumination system design for reduced cost-of-ownership radiographic inspection and other NDE applications.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Keehoon Kim
ARMY 07-041      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Single-Body Direction-of-Arrival Sensor
Abstract:To address the Army need for a seismic sensing system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Single-body Direction-of-Arrival Sensor (SDOAS) system to estimate direction of arrival (DOA) over distances less than ten meters. The SDOAS system is based on n-fold surface elastic wave measurement with a specially designed sensor platform for accurate and flexible DOA estimation even in environments with multiple polarized sources. The innovations in signal processing algorithms and a single-body sensing platform will enable the SDOAS to calculate the DOA, not bearing, of an incoming seismic surface wave and its magnitude, and to perform event (source) tracking. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the SDOAS with propagation mode identification and analysis. In Phase II POC plans to design/fabricate fully functional SDOAS hardware and software, optimized to have minimal complexity, and demonstrate the prototype in a real-world environment.

SENTECH, INC.
38 Montvale Ave
Stoneham, MA 02180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 279-9871
Dr. Gervasio Prado
ARMY 07-041      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:An Algorithm for Obtaining Bearing Information from a Single Triaxial Seismic Sensor
Abstract:Single-axis geophones have been used in Unattended Ground Sensor applications to detect personnel and vehicles. These devices are unable to determine the direction of arrival of the signal. However, a seismic wave is a complex process whose direction can be determined by sensing the full 3-dimensional motion of the soil. The objective of this SBIR effort is to develop and implement algorithms and code capable of determining the direction of a seismic source using a single tri-axial geophone. This capability can lead to compact tactical seismic sensors able to detect and track ground targets. We propose an algorithm based on an analysis of the polarity of the Rayleigh wave. In the scenarios of interest, with sensors placed on or near the surface and target ranges of 100 m or less the bulk of the arriving seismic energy will be in the form of a Rayleigh wave. Results obtained to date show the potential utility of this technique. They also show that the results can vary significantly from location to location. A significant contribution of this project will be a better understanding of the applicability and limitations of this technique and the development of adaptive algorithms that can produce more consistent results.

SOLID STATE SCIENTIFIC CORP.
27-2 Wright Road
Hollis, NH 03049
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 598-1194
Dr. Richard J. Nelson
ARMY 07-042      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Hyperscope for Armaments
Abstract:Solid State Scientific Corporation is pleased to propose a Phase I program to design a hyperscope for armaments will simultaneously acquire, process, and display the results of a compact, lightweight, low-power spectral imager at video rates. This Phase I approach will capitalize on cutting-edge concepts recently developed in industry, including other successful SBIR efforts. The novel spectral imager will operate in the visible to short-wave infrared (VSWIR), have a narrow field of view, and use commercially-available large format staring arrays to capture 16-color spectral data cubes at high speeds. All images will be identical except for spectral band, and will be spatially and temporally coregistered with each other, making real-time algorithms based on spectral imaging a reality. The development of this sensor represents a unique opportunity in hyperspectral sensing and imaging.

SURFACE OPTICS CORP.
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
Mr. Mark S. Dombrowski
ARMY 07-042      Awarded: 12/18/2007
Title:Visible to Short Wavelength Infrared Hyperscope for Armaments
Abstract:A program to develop an advanced, portable hyperspectral imaging sensor integrated with a scope - a ¡§HyperScope¡¨ - capable of detecting camouflaged objects is proposed. The proposed portable HyperScope builds upon Surface Optics¡¦ real-time hyperspectral imaging activities, including the Multi-band Identification and Discrimination Imaging Spectroradiometer (MIDIS) processor and the 3-D Full-Cube HyperSensor focal plane array. Simultaneously sampling 17 to 48 spectral bands from 0.4 ƒÝm to 2.5 ƒÝm over a full 2-D field of 512 x 512 pixels, the system is ideal for accurately measuring and exploiting spectral reflectance differences of tactical targets. Based upon requirements for high-speed simultaneous acquisition of all hyperspectral bands at each pixel in a full 2- D field, compactness, and low power, SOC will conduct a preliminary design of the HyperScope, which will include a compact, rugged, inexpensive 3-D imager plus the real- time hyperspectral (HS) data processor. The proposed effort represents an extension of Surface Optics¡¦ 16 years experience in hyperspectral imager design, and miniaturization of SOC¡¦s patented real-time hyperspectral image processor for real-time hyperspectral discrimination. By building on Surface Optics Corporation¡¦s experience in hyperspectral imaging system development, sensor development, and algorithm development, the proposed program will produce a new highly-portable visible to SWIR HyperScope hyperspectral imager of unsurpassed capability, ideal for detecting camouflaged objects during both day and night.

AEROTONOMY, INC.
117 Herron Street
Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(706) 413-1582
Dr. James Neidhoefer
ARMY 07-043      Awarded: 12/3/2007
Title:Physically Small Confetti Antennas for High-Power Directive Applications
Abstract:The proposing team has developed an innovative antenna technology called the “Confetti” antenna that is particularly suited to this application, offering potentially revolutionary performance in antenna efficiency, bandwidth, and compactness. We propose to design and optimize a compact “Confetti” antenna for high-power, directive applications. This antenna will have a volume of only 500 cm3 and maximum linear dimension of 30 cm, and it will be tunable to operate efficiently over 2 to 30 MHz, with up to 1 kW of pulsed transmission power and 3 KHz instantaneous bandwidth. The Confetti antenna has conductors optimized in all three dimensions, making it theoretically capable of producing any desired radiation pattern. The automated design method and resulting generality of this class of antennas promise to not only accommodate a wide range of specific applications but also to provide performance that approaches optimal for each application. Thus, the innovation described in this proposal is both a class of antennas, along with the methodology and tools to design them, as well as specific designs of compact, high- power, directive HF antennas.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Ms. Francesca Scire-Scappuzzo
ARMY 07-043      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Portable “no-assembly” wideband antenna for HF broadcast
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a novel small HF antenna designed to achieve optimal volume utilization, improved performance, light weight, and low manufacturing cost using a simple and elegant design solution. The size of the proposed antenna is considerably smaller (~ 5 times) than conventional HF antennas, such as whips, loops, and log-periodic antennas and has an excellent wide bandwidth. Furthermore, the proposed design does not require assembly, making this antenna a great alternative to whip antennas for military applications (where stealth and ready use become important). Its small size and low cost will be crucial also for commercial applications, where a non-obtrusive and elegant design is always appealing to the customer.

CHATTEN ASSOC., INC.
1094 New Dehaven Avenue Suite 200
West , PA 19428
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 940-6040
Mr. Kent Massey
ARMY 07-044      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:Hardware Component Technology to Enable SUAV/SUGV Based Geo-location and Hand-off
Abstract:Chatten Associates proposes to develop a Geo-Indexed Gimbaled Instrument: a stabilized gimbal with a camera and laser range finder payload that is capable of precisely geo- locating anything in its view. The instrument can be easily integrated onto a variety of small unmanned ground vehicles (SUGV) or small unmanned air vehicles (SUAV) in both the current and future force. In addition to providing precise target location, the instrument is an inherently multifunctional payload that can also be used as an observer/driver camera, for identifying navigational waypoints, or as a remote sentry system. There is currently no available sensor gimbal that meets all the specifications required for this application (combination of sensors, speed, precision, low power, and light weight). We are proposing an essential hardware building block to enable target geo-location and hand-off of varying levels of autonomy using a variety of unmanned platforms, whether they are tele-operated, semi- or fully-autonomous.

DRAGONFLY PICTURES, INC.
PO Box 202 West End of Second Street
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 324-4654
Dr. Robert Rellim
ARMY 07-044      Awarded: 12/4/2007
Title:SUAV/SUGV Based Automated Geo-location and Hand-off
Abstract:As the use of robotic vehicles, both ground and air, become more prevalent in today’s military, a crucial mission capability is vehicle collaboration for automated target geo- location, designation, and response. This SBIR effort proposes to research and develop core technologies that are required for collaborative missions between ground and air vehicles. These include the ability to communicate in a common framework, using both the JAUS and STANAG 4586 messaging standards, the identification and development of advanced algorithms and techniques to fuse, correlate, and prioritize sensor data acquired from multiple vehicle sources, and the design of intuitive operator displays to provide the most relevant information to the field commander in a clear, concise and non- overwhelming way to facilitate the decision making process. Several of these core technologies will be demonstrated using both a DP-6 VTOAL unmanned helicopter and a Talon robotic ground vehicle. The team of Dragonfly Pictures and Applied Perception bring unique capabilities in the fields of advanced unmanned air and unmanned ground vehicles. The work in this area will be a significant step forward towards the goal of truly autonomous multi-vehicle mission planning and collaboration.

NANOPRECISION PRODUCTS, INC.
11500 West Olympic Blvd. Suite 400
Los Angeles, CA, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 444-3033
Dr. David Cohen
ARMY 07-045      Awarded: 2/29/2008
Title:High-Volume Cost-Saving Nano-Precision Stamping of Metal Fuze S&A Components
Abstract:This proposal describes the initial phase of a program that will result in a nano-precision stamping manufacturing process to produce low-cost US ARMY S&A Fuze components with the minimum of development time. This technology will be used to design and develop for manufacturability the MEMS Safe and Arm Arming Slider and associated manufacturing process. nanoPrecision Products is pioneering the development of a nano- precision stamping process for metal components with a goal of ± 100 nm form tolerances by combining deterministic micro-grinding (DMG) with computerized modeling, metrology, and optimization of fundamental process materials and mechanics – no such capability exists today. The nanoPrecision Products approach includes identification of the key factors and technologies necessary for forming tooling and tooling system as well as development of an initial design of progressive dies, and validation of both die geometry and tooling system through FEA and CAE.

TANNER RESEARCH, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Dr. Amish Desai
ARMY 07-045      Awarded: 2/20/2008
Title:Mass Fabricating S&A with Bulk Metallic Glass: Micro-Components with Nano-scale Tolerance
Abstract:A state of the art technology suitable for facilitating the mass fabrication of metallic components used in high g gun-launched MEMS-based S&A devices is Bulk Metallic Glass (BMG). The emerging need for micro-scale S&A devices to complement the smart fuzing in modern munitions is jeopardized by high implementation cost of the metallic components able to survive the harsh gun-launch environment. The impact of cost reduction and/or cost avoidance on implementing critical munitions’ designs actually starts with the S&A device. Tanner Research proposes to design and implement a mass fabrication production process for micro-scale bulk metallic glass (BMG) components with nano- scale tolerances. This production capability, when implemented in Phase II, will be similar to other MEMS-based processes implemented by Tanner, and used to support MEMS- based S&A device fabrication.

STARA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
61 S. William Dillard Drive
Gilbert, AZ 85233
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 850-1555
Mr. Glen Bailey
ARMY 07-046      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:Precision Guided Aerial Delivery of Intelligent Ground Based Munitions and Sensors
Abstract:STARA Technologies is the leading developer of miniature guided parachutes. Over the past seven years we have fabricated guided parachute systems for the US Department of Defense, Department of Energy and other Federal Agencies to precisely deliver light weight payloads such as Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS), communications relays, medical supplies, top attack smart munitions and intelligent robots. In 2006 we developed the world’s smallest guided parachute system for the Navy’s Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS). Because we have chosen to specialize in miniature delivery systems, our Mosquito guided parachute system continuously outperforms all other guided parachute systems in the < 500 pound weight range. These results have been documented by the US Army at the Precision Airdrop Conference Technology and Demonstration (PATCAD). In its current form STARA’s Mosquito 2 miniature guided parachute system is capable of delivering multiple payloads within a 10 meter CEP using inputs from a GPS receiver and inertial navigation system.

MINNESOTA WIRE & CABLE CO.
1835 Energy Park Drive
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 659-6763
Mr. Tom Kukowski
ARMY 07-047      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:RESS (Rapid Expansion Supercritical Solution) Technology to Disperse Carbon Nanotubes into Selected Polymeric Matrices
Abstract:As a conductive material for EMI shielding, carbon nanotubes hold significant promise. Carbon nanotubes are conductive, nanometer-thin fibers that can be many microns in length. They are a mechanically robust material—100 times stronger than high-strength steel and six times lighter. Carbon nanotubes can stretch beyond 20% of their resting length without damaging their structure or conductivity. Carbon nanotubes have extremely high aspect ratios (length/diameter), and thus form conductive percolation networks through materials more easily than other conductive fillers such as carbon fiber or carbon black. Because they form conductive composites at such low loading ratios, carbon nanotubes could be a key component in EMI shielding. However, current manufacturing process for carbon nanotube EMI shielding is expensive, scales poorly, and makes use of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These limitations are a related to the process for dispersing the carbon nanotube in the polymers. A rapid expansion of supercritical solutions (RESS) process for dispersing carbon nanotubes in polymers has the potential to overcome these limitations. Under this Phase I SBIR effort, Minnesota Defense, Arizona State University, and Lockheed Martin propose to demonstrate feasibility of dispersing carbon nanotube in polymer composite shielding/coating material processed via rapid expansion from supercritical fluid solution (RESS).

JOB PERFORMANCE SYSTEMS, INC.
1240 N. Pitt St,
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 799-3652
Dr. Doug Rosenthal
ARMY 07-048      Awarded: 12/28/2007
Title:Simulated Job Performance Assessment
Abstract:JPS is designing and developing a standard and affordable set of procedures for creating and validating PC-based job simulations that can be applied across a broad range of Army MOS to assess Soldier job performance. As part of the Phase I effort, JPS is building a simulation for one Army MOS. In this effort JPS is developing a 10 step process for creation of the simulations.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Dr. Sowmya Ramachandran
ARMY 07-048      Awarded: 12/28/2007
Title:Rapid Simulation Development Processes and Tools for Job Performance Assessment
Abstract:Job performance measurement is of critical importance to any organization’s health. It is important not only to recognize and reward good performance, but also to groom future leaders. Developing effective assessment techniques that are valid, effective and fair is an ongoing challenge. Assessing factual knowledge using multiple-choice test batteries is relatively inexpensive and tends to be commonly used. Hands-on assessment is the most effective in assessing task proficiency but is very resource intensive and expensive. Computer-based simulations provide an alternative where users can be assessed in the context of skill application under controlled conditions. However, simulations are expensive to produce and maintain. Validated guidelines and methodologies are needed to help organizations develop effective assessment simulations. Rapid simulation development tools are needed to reduce costs. This proposal addresses both these challenges. We propose to develop a standard, prescriptive methodology for developing assessment simulations. Using our existing products as a basis, we also propose to develop rapid simulation-development tools that make this solution cost-effective. This tool will enable organizations to create and administer assessment simulations and integrate the data with their employee managements systems. Phase I will result in a prototype methodology, a prototype simulation, and a validation of both these products.

361 INTERACTIVE, LLC
408 Sharts Road Suite 7
Springboro, OH 45066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 743-0361
Mr. Michael J McCloskey
ARMY 07-050      Awarded: 12/28/2007
Title:Measuring Learning and Development in Cross-Cultural Competence
Abstract:Contemporary operational environments are often characterized by ambiguous, multi- cultural contexts, where Army Soldiers must rapidly adapt without extensive prior knowledge of a region or its people. Ongoing training development efforts are addressing the need for general cultural competence, but this broad competence must be clearly defined and assessed in order to determine if our Soldiers are being adequately prepared. To support this goal, we propose to develop a stage model of general cross-cultural competence. We will leverage relevant features of existing cultural competence models, skill and expertise acquisition models across multiple domains, and the expertise of cultural trainers and Solders recognized as highly adaptable in cross-cultural settings. The model will represent a learner’s transition across stages of cultural competence from novice to expert, where the end goal is the ability to rapidly and accurately assess a new culture and determine how to achieve goals using that understanding. The model will further guide the development of scenario-based metrics and other metrics that will clearly define competence at all levels of development, and across trainable behavioral, cognitive, motivational and affective skills.

EVIDENCE BASED RESEARCH, INC.
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 250
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 893-6800
Dr. Margaret Daly Hayes
ARMY 07-050      Awarded: 1/2/2008
Title:Measuring Learning and Development in Cross-Cultural Competence
Abstract:The proposed Phase I approach will provide the Army with a culture-general model of a developmental learning approach to cross-cultural competence acquisition and measurement. The model will integrate and expand upon efforts to define cultural intelligence and will (1) recognize the metacognitive, cognitive, motivational and behavioral elements of culture learning; (2) identify and distinguish cross-culture competencies associated with both general and particular military occupational specialties and operational environments, and (3) align cross-culture competency acquisition with a learning-oriented developmental framework that reflects the best practices of adult learning assessment and is widely utilized across the US military and Joint Professional Education (JPME). The complexity of the problem requires a spiral development approach that involves identifying relevant cultural competency concepts and research, their alignment with soldier-relevant jobs and task, the identification of appropriate human performance requirements, and the integration of these to the institutional learning environment. Once we understand what cross-cultural competencies are most critical for the military in different operating environments, and how those difference competencies can be learned or acquired over time in the military training and education system, then a measurement system be developed and tested. Developing the Measurement system will be the task of Phase II research.

INVERTIX CORP.
7010 Little River Turnpike Suite 300
Annandale, VA 22003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 813-2160
Dr. Dan Law
ARMY 07-051      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:Short-Range Detection of Radio Transceivers for Physical Security
Abstract:The proposed approach leverages a proven RF stimulation technique to detect transceivers within a 5m range for physical security applications. The proposed tasks will evaluate operational scenarios for transceiver detection, and will determine the effectiveness of the detection and classification technique to operate effectively within FCC, human exposure, cost, and size limitations. An optional test-bed prototype lab demo is also proposed that may be easily migrated into a Phase II prototype system.

VADUM
628 Hutton St Suite 106
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Dr. Aaron Walker
ARMY 07-051      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Short-Range Detection of Radio Transceivers for Physical Security
Abstract:The ubiquitous nature of personal, wireless communications devices represents a daunting threat to the protection of secure facilities. The ever present push for smaller devices complicates the efforts of physical security organizations to determine if personnel entering a facility have one or more devices in their possession with a cursory physical inspection. Miniaturization of wireless devices also results in a decreasing content of metallic components and thus a decrease in the ability of metal detectors to detect them. However, while wireless devices will continue to grow in number and shrink in size, a single commonality exists among these devices, they are designed to receive and transmit RF energy. Vadum has developed an active detection technique that takes advantage of the design of wireless devices to extract a unique signature from the devices that reduces false alarms and has been shown to be effective for all types of devices investigated. Since the technique utilizes inherent properties of the electronic circuitry in the target devices, detection of devices can occur regardless of the power state (on/off) or whether the devices are actively transmitting or receiving intended signals. Vadum proposes advancing the state of a current product for detecting a class of personal communications devices to achieve the detection performance stated in the solicitation for this SBIR topic. Vadum will utilize its extensive experience with the active detection technology and target device construction and characteristics to maximize the potential for successful execution of the proposed program.

SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS ANALYTICS, INC.
3877 Fairfax Ridge Road Suite 201C
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 349-7056
Dr. Gary Citrenbaum
ARMY 07-052      Awarded: 10/26/2007
Title:An Assessment Methodology for Effects Based Operations
Abstract:In accordance with the requirements of the solicitation, we will design, prototype, and demonstrate an Effects Assessment (EA) tool which provides the capabilities to: • Visualize the links between effects, the actions planned to achieve those effects, and the resources assigned to those actions; • Decompose effects into MoEIs, i.e., the observable impacts of actions; • Roll-up, aggregate, or combine MoEIs to evaluate MoEs and assess overall effect accomplishment; • Determine if accomplishment of an effect is on track, i.e., identify trends and patterns from MoEIs and use this information to describe the likelihood of effect accomplishment; • Assess MoPs and compare actual versus planned performance; • Interface with ISR and operations reports to capture data relevant to MoP and MoE assessment; • Maintain the neutrality status of resources; • Interface with artificial intelligence and data mining tools to extract and automatically monitor data relevant to MoPs and MoEIs. Our tool will take advantage of current capabilities in the areas of data mining / knowledge discovery, visualization, and model-based estimation, and will draw heavily from our hands-on EA experience with users in the field, notably US Forces Korea, and with leading EA research organizations, e.g., DARPA and JFCOM.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Alexander Khaydarov
ARMY 07-053      Awarded: 12/18/2007
Title:Soldier Information Technology Assistant for Flexible Displays
Abstract:To address the Army need for novel technology and electronic architectures to enable an Information Technology Assistant (ITA) that integrates a flexible display, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Soldier Information Technology Assistant (SITA) for flexible displays. The proposed device is based on low-power-consuming asynchronous LCD display drivers, microprocessor and software power management that leverages bi-stable displays, and power-saving wireless protocol. The innovation in flexible display driving electronics architecture and packaging will enable the flexible displays to be integrated with SITA, providing human interfaces such as a touch screen, keyboard, buttons, and scroll; wireless communication, and GPS features. The SITA package has all the advantages of flexible electronics, and is a power-saving, easy-to- use, small form-factor electronic assembly, on flexible carrier which, along with the flexible displays worn by soldiers, will be a personal communication and soldier location- positioning device. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SITA by design, simulation, and fabrication of a breadboard prototype. In Phase II POC plans to further develop the SITA technology, and demonstrate its capabilities.

QUINTESSENCE PHOTONICS CORP.
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-4664
Dr. Jeff Ungar
ARMY 07-054      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Highly Scalable Spectrally-Narrowed Surface-Emitting Arrays for Eye-Safe Lasers
Abstract:High-power solid state lasers using different active media have emerged as critical components in a variety of military systems. These lasers are efficiently and reliably pumped by diode laser arrays, but the poor and uneconomical scalability of output power and high manufacturing cost of linear, edge emitting diode arrays pose a serious impediment to wide application, particularly where very high total powers are required. There is little prospect that conventional approaches to laser design can result in cost reduction of the required magnitude. We propose to develop diode arrays using two technology elements that are complementary and compatible with each other to achieve the required performance and manufacturing scalability objectives. The first technology element or these arrays are massively parallel surface emitting diodes using monolithic beam deflectors to permit wafer-scale diode fabrication and integration with wafer-scale optics and coolers, which enables manufacturing process scalability for high-power applications and greatly reduces diode fabrication and packaging cost. The second technology element is diode lasers with gratings designed to generate lower lateral beam divergence, therefore higher optical brightness per emitter than conventional designs.. These features will allow very efficient optical coupling into the end-facets of eye-safe solid-state lasers.

PHOENIX INNOVATION, INC.
20 Patterson Brook Road PO Box 550
Wareham, MA 02576
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 291-4375
Dr. Brian G. Dixon
ARMY 07-055      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:Combining Advanced Electrolytes & Electrodes in High Voltage, High Capacity Lithium Batteries
Abstract:A high voltage stability electrolyte (Phoenix Innovation) is combined with high voltage stability electrodes (A123Systems) to produce the next generation of high rate, high capacity lithium batteries. In addition to exceptional electrochemical performance, the novel electrolyte, which contains no carbonates, is nonflammable and inherently stable to thermal runaway. As such, these new batteries will be much safer than state of the art lithium systems.

YARDNEY TECHNICAL PRODUCTS, INC.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Dr. Thomas Barbarich
ARMY 07-055      Awarded: 11/13/2007
Title:Rapid Recharge, High Voltage Li-Ion Battery Chemistry
Abstract:One of the problems with Li-ion technology is its somewhat limited ability to charge at high rates. At high charge rates lithium plating on the negative electrode can occur, which will hurt cycle life and could present safety risks. There is a need within the Army, Navy, other military services, NASA, and the commercial sector to improve the charge rate capability of Li-ion systems. The proposed effort will use an anode that is capable of intercalating lithium at high rates without plating lithium. In order to compensate for the lower energy of this anode, a high voltage cathode and an accompanying electrolyte will also be developed.

DAYLIGHT SOLUTIONS
13029 Danielson Street Suite 130
Poway, CA 92064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 391-1010
Dr. Timothy Day
ARMY 07-056      Awarded: 1/25/2008
Title:Widely-Tunable Quantum Cascade Laser Technology for Spectroscopic Sensing and Optical Communication Applications
Abstract:Wavelength agile sources in the Mid Wave and Long Wave Infrared (MWIR / LWIR) will be extremely useful for spectroscopy and free space communications applications. The combination of high speed packaging technology with broadly tuned, external cavity, quantum cascade laser technology will lead to sources that can provide for high data rate communications as well as molecular detection in the 3-12µm regime. In this proposal, we present a plan that will demonstrate the feasibility of accomplishing this goal through the development of a MEMS-based wavelength tuning mechanism, robust packaging and 3-12µm external cavity technology. A demonstration of wavelength agile tuning through the use of Silicon MEMS gratings in an external cavity using quantum cascade gain media will be performed. This wavelength agile source will be packaged in a robust, high speed telecommunications package and will demonstrate modulation switching speeds of faster than 10ns together with broad tuning across a wide spectral region in the 9-10µm regime. The demonstrated combination of these two efforts will provide the technical basis for a successful Phase II program associated with the development and commercialization of wavelength agile sources in the 3-12µm regime for spectroscopy and free space communications.

OPTIMAL SYNTHESIS, INC.
868 San Antonio Road
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 213-8585
Dr. Hui-Ling Lu
ARMY 07-057      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Generic Automatic Recognition System for Handwritten Arabic Script Documents
Abstract:This proposal addresses the feasibility of developing a generic system framework for automatically recognizing handwritten text for non-Arabic languages using Arabic-style script such as Urdu or Pashto. Despite recent progress in automatic handwritten Arabic recognition, little attention has been paid to non-Arabic languages using Arabic-style scripts. Nonetheless, automatic recognition of non-Arabic languages using Arabic-style scripts such as Urdu and Pashto has great potential in both military and commercial applications. Hence, the goal of this proposal is to develop a generic system framework for automatically recognizing handwritten text for non-Arabic languages using Arabic- style script. In particular, we focus on extending the optical Arabic text recognition capability to the Urdu language in which computing standards are established. The generic Arabic-style script recognition system will be based on the Hidden Markov Model approach that is suitable for cursive and context-sensitive Urdu scripts. Various feature- extraction algorithms will be implemented based on the proposed generic handwritten Arabic-style script recognition framework. We shall evaluate the basic performance of the developed system using a handwritten Urdu database collected during Phase I.

GINER, INC.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0505
Dr. John A. Kosek
ARMY 07-058      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:A Solid Anion Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Use
Abstract:The Direct Methanol Fuel Cell is a potentially attractive power source for battery replacement applications. Thus, it could be used as a portable power source for soldier applications. One drawback to Direct Methanol Fuel Cells based on a Proton Exchange Membrane is methanol crossover, a parasitic loss of fuel. There are two main sources of crossover: (1) diffusion of methanol through the presently used membrane electrolyte and (2) proton drag, which carries both water and methanol from the anode to the cathode. To minimize crossover, Giner, Inc. proposes development of an advanced anion exchange membrane. The membrane will be designed to be stable in the hydroxide ion form, and will not contain any beta-hydrogens. Specific program objectives include (1) fabrication of the advanced anion membranes, (2) modification of the membrane surface for more efficient catalyst bonding, and (3) to characterize the anion membrane. In an anion membrane, because ions move from the cathode to the anode, we expect there will be a reduced amount of methanol on the cathode.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Sandra Withers-Kirby
ARMY 07-058      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:High-Performance Direct Methanol Fuel Cell with Bipolar Membrane Structure
Abstract:Power demands of objective force warriors are rapidly growing, increasing the need for small, light, energy-dense power supplies. The burden of batteries an individual soldier transports must be reduced. High energy density fuel cell systems offer a promising alternative to batteries with methanol being the most portable, convenient fuel. Conventional direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC’s) based on proton exchange membranes suffer from fuel stripping and crossover combustion losses. Most use dilute fuel, significantly reducing the system energy density. Direct methanol hydroxyl exchange membrane fuel cells (HEMDMFC) suffer from carbonate build up in the electrolyte at the catalyst interface, causing quick deterioration of performance. However, the HEMDMFC cathode allows the use of non-platinum oxygen reduction catalysts that are not active to methanol oxidation. The acid anode of the conventional PEMDMFC provides the benefit of discharging the oxidized carbon as gaseous carbon dioxide. Lynntech will develop a small, rugged system that maximizes utilization of the energy available in concentrated methanol through the use of a bipolar or double-bipolar membrane structure, taking advantage of both PEM and HEM fuel cell technologies. A single, low-power DC fan (the only peripheral for the system) will move air across the cathode, minimizing parasitic losses.

MZA ASSOC. CORP.
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 245-9970
Dr. Boris P. Venet
ARMY 07-059      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Passive Optical Detection of Acoustic Signatures
Abstract:We propose to investigate a concept for remote passive optical measurement of acoustic target signatures. Potential goals of the measurement are detection, activity assessment, or identification. The measurement concept produces an area image of the vibrational content of the target scene. We will produce a thorough radiometric signal/noise performance model, and an instrument design.

METROLASER, INC.
2572 White Road
Irvine, CA 92614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Dr. Drew L'Esperance
ARMY 07-060      Awarded: 10/23/2007
Title:A Stereoscopic Scanner System for Behind Armor Debris
Abstract:In response to an Army need for a data collection tool that can measure the velocities of Behind Armor Debris (BAD) fragments in controlled experiments, we propose to develop a stereoscopic scanner system that employs digital streak cameras. Unlike conventional high-speed cameras, which produce two-dimensional photographs at moments in time, a streak camera produces a photograph with one dimension being time. A unique property of streak photography that makes it ideal for this application is that objects in the debris field are naturally sorted by velocity. Two scanner configurations will be analyzed: one where two digital streak cameras are mounted in orthogonal positions and another where one digital streak camera is used to record the shadows cast by two intersecting laser sheets. To determine the feasibility of the proposed approach, we will compute the temporal and spatial resolution needs of the BAD experiment and the lighting requirements and show how these can be met optimally with available digital streak cameras. The end- result of the Phase I research will be a preliminary design for a complete system that we will build in Phase II.

INTEGRATED SENSOR SOLUTIONS
4104 Michael Neill
Austin, TX 78730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 633-3476
Dr. Kenneth Fernald
ARMY 07-061      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Nano-Device Memory Platform (NDMP)
Abstract:The Phase I program will demonstrate the feasibility and the initial design specifications for integrating nano-device switching elements with the available silicon crossbar array technology. Here, the minimum goal is memory arrays that are scaleable to 1010 bits/cm2 for pseudo non-volatile memory based on the silicon-molecule hybrid systems. Preliminary fabrication and testing will demonstrate read-write-erase function over 1000 cycles with 60 minutes of non-volatility

NANOSONIC, INC.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Dr. Richard O. Claus
ARMY 07-061      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Self-Assembly Production of Hybrid CMOS/Nanodevice Interconnects
Abstract:The objective of the proposed SBIR program is to develop wet chemistry nanopatterning techniques compatible with conventional IC gate array processing materials and methods, and capable of fabricating conducting nanorod geometries to address individual elements in dense arrays. NanoSonic and the deep UV photolithography laboratory at Virginia Tech would cooperate on this program. NanoSonic would use its molecular-level self- assembly process with Virginia Tech’s holographic interference-based DUV lithography designs to produce multilayered interconnected nanowire/nanofin structures on silicon substrates. Prior cooperative work has demonstrated the feasibility of forming electrically conductive pin/post arrays in 2D square and hex geometries with 50nm periodicity, and single layer nanowire/nanofin arrays of similar conducting materials with comparable sub- 100nm periods. During Phase I, we would demonstrate that wet chemistry self-assembly and stand-off interference lithography may be used to form skewed crossed-nanorod interconnect arrays to address individual nano-sized MOSFET gate elements in large 2D formats. Such interconnects are key enablers for molecular topologies for next- generation, ultra-high density CMOS logic and memories. NanoSonic would work closely with a major defense contractor and specialized IC manufacturer during Phase I to evaluate manufactured prototypes, and would work with that company to transition developed technology to their production facility during Phase II.

CHEMIMAGE BIOTHREAT LLC
7301 Penn Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 241-7335
Dr. Robert Schweitzer
ARMY 07-062      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Real-Time Chemometrics and Sensor Fusion (RT-CSF) Technology
Abstract:We will exploit chemometric and advanced multivariate statistical analysis-based spectral signature signal processing techniques to perform autonomous explosives and chem-bio detection in real-time to increase the probability of detection and lower the rate of false positives. Our system will use multivariate statistical analysis (i.e. chemometrics) algorithms to perform autonomous detection. The decision-making engine will employ a Bayesian data fusion algorithm that combines individual sensor spectral signatures captured using Raman and LIBS techniques to achieve overall probability of detection and probability of false alarm performance that exceeds the performance of the individual sensing strategies operated in the stand-alone mode.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Edward A. Rietman
ARMY 07-062      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Sensor Fusion of LIBS and Raman Spectra for Remote Detection of Explosives
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes a novel technique to subtract background spectra from the spectra of interest and to then combine the LIBS and Raman spectra for remote explosive detection. Our approach uses support vector machines with transductive inference for training. Based on our experience we anticipate a 95% correct identification of explosive vs. non-explosive material. Further, our calculations indicate we can easily perform the required sensor fusion in near real-time ( < 2 seconds) on a conventional computer workstation and in new proposed hardware we will be able to get this processing under 0.1 seconds.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. James C. Withers
ARMY 07-063      Awarded: 10/19/2007
Title:A High Production Rate Process to Fabricate Low Cost High Strength MMCs In Net Shape
Abstract:Military systems are traditionally produced in steel because of its excellent mechanical properties and low cost, but suffers due to its high weight and poor corrosion resistance. At ½ or less the weight of steel enables weapon systems with greater lethality, survivalability, transportability, and maneuverability and in a corrosion resistant material lowers ownership cost. Titanium metal matrix components (MMCs) can produce properties with a stiffness/modulus greater than 150GPa, strength greater than 1250MPa at a density less than ½ steel, and provide excellent corrosion resistance. Titanium MMCs can be produced for less than $10/lb. utilizing low cost primary Ti soon to be in production and direct net shape forming utilizing new but demonstrated processing. Ti MMC processing will be optimized with modeling support and due to the advanced demonstrated processing during Phase I, tubes and plates will be produced and delivered and plates will be independently ballistically characterized.

METAL MATRIX CAST COMPOSITES, LLC (DBA MMCC, LLC)
101 Clematis Avenue, Unit #1
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 893-4449
Dr. James A. Cornie
ARMY 07-063      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:Pressure Infiltration Casting, Lamination Theory Prediction and Mechanical Property Evaluation of High Performance Continuously Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites
Abstract:Pressure infiltration casting technology will used to develop low density continuous fiber reinforced structural metal matrix composites in the form of tubes and plates. Three different reinforcement systems will be investigated with the idea of producing a spectrum of choices for a wide range of structural applications. Nextel 610 alumina fiber will be used to reinforce Al alloy 2024, a 125 msi pitch derived graphite fiber will be used to reinforce a high purity version of Al 413 and that same alloy will be reinforced with high strength PAN derived T650/42 carbon fiber. Filament winding technology will be used to produce the various candidate preform architectures required for evaluation. Lamination theory will be used to predict properties with three composite systems. Mechanical properties will be measured to verify and modify the input data into the lamination theory software to improve its ability to predict actual properties. In addition to a preliminary design database, the technology will be demonstrated on the production of mechanical evaluation plates and demonstration 30 and 60 mm diameter by 300 mm long tubes with a quasi-isotropic architecture.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Ms. Karin Karg
ARMY 07-063      Awarded: 10/31/2007
Title:Lightweight, High Performance Boron Magnesium Composites(1001-126)
Abstract:Boron fiber reinforced magnesium (B-Mg) metal matrix composites (MMC) exhibit excellent weight specific properties outperforming all composite and metallic materials. In addition, these B-Mg materials offer a broad range of forming approaches that are not feasible with most MMC processing. In this SBIR program, Triton Systems, Inc. (Triton) will demonstrate B-Mg composites can exceed the aggressive performance requirements of modulus (22 msi) and tensile strength (180 ksi) at a density less than 0.14lb/in3 and be manufactured using economical and scalable processing. In the Phase I, Triton will fabricate and test B-Mg composites using low pressure casting to verify baseline Army defined mechanical properties. In addition, Triton will model and develop affordable processing approaches to form both large and complex configurations.

PITTSBURGH MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1801 Route 51 Building 10
Jefferson Hills, PA 15025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 382-7150
Mr. Timothy M. Delahanty
ARMY 07-064      Awarded: 10/24/2007
Title:Ultra-High Strength and High-hardness Nano-Aluminum Composites
Abstract:Pittsburgh Materials Technology, Inc. and the University of California at Davis have the experience to verify the properties of the Aluminum composites identified in the SBIR. The team is well qualified to establish the repeatability required for cost effective production. PMTI has assisted in the technology development pioneered by UCD. PMTI sees its long term role as a supplier of the cryomilled powder needed for production of the Al composite formulated for armor applications. Both organizations have the background to drive the technology to commercial production. The experience of the Team is such that many of the technical and production issues have already been visited. This proposed process will help determine the correct production elements, and provide assurance that the chosen elements are effective in delivering the required properties. The Team proposes to produce a series of 8" square plates to demonstrate the repeatability of the trimodal matetrial. The team also proposes to produce an alternate alloy in the Option Phase. This alloy is a less expensive and slightly lighter Al-Mg alloy.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
ARMY 07-065      Awarded: 11/14/2007
Title:Warhead Adaptive Materials (WAM) for Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT)
Abstract:The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic materials to produce next generation munitions. There exists a need for adaptable warheads that provide user-selectable energy output, as well as selectable modes of operation, such as fragmentation, penetration and blast. General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) will demonstrate the feasibility of applying energetic materials and innovative configurations of those materials to provide the US Army with Warhead Adaptive Materials (WAM) capabilities, specifically materials that are non-detonable that are tailorable to release intense heat and controllable pressure output. GSI will provide the Army with energetic materials information, configuration designs and lethality assessments to support the Warhead Adaptive Material program.

EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Dr. Michael D. Gilbert
ARMY 07-066      Awarded: 10/23/2007
Title:Manufacturing Process for Application of Selectively Permeable Coatings to Textiles
Abstract:Novel procedures will be developed for fabrication of sulfonated poly(styrene-b- isobutylene-b-styrene) block copolymer coated fabrics. These ionomeric coatings provide barrier protection against a wide range of solvents and organic chemicals including chemical warfare agents (CWA), while allowing a high level of water permeability. Used in the construction of CWA protective garments, this property will greatly alleviate heat stress that typically plague clothing of this type. Coating procedures will be developed in Phase I that permit high volume manufacture of coated fabric while preserving the micro-structuring and double percolation of ionic domains that are essential to the permselectivity of these materials. Methods will also be develop for cost effective, environmentally conscious sulfonation of the polymer and for an improved neutralization/cation exchange process that will provide more mechanically robust and durable coatings.

THIXOMAT, INC.
620 Technology Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 995-5550
Dr. Raymond F. Decker
ARMY 07-067      Awarded: 1/25/2008
Title:Processing of Bulk Nano-Magnesium Alloy and Composites
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project is aimed to attain 250 MPa yield strength, light weight of 11 lb/ft2, excellent formability, good corrosion resistance and low cost in Mg alloy and composite armor. This will be accomplished by a new Thixomolding Thermomechanical Processing (TTMP) regimen that produces a Mg alloy matrix of micron grains, reinforced by nanometer dispersoid phases - that can be further reinforced by ceramic discs and mesh. The novel TTMP can be accomplished on a combination of existing commercial equipment. This project will optimize mechanical processing variables and geometry of arrays of ceramic discs of Al2O3(optionally B4C)and ceramic or steel mesh in order to demonstrate the alloy design concept and to verify feasibility and repeatability of producing the product in dimensions greater than 2" x 2" x 2".

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Ulrike Becker
ARMY 07-068      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Thin Film Coatings for Antimicrobial Textiles
Abstract:Current clothing worn by soldiers offers little to no protection from biological agents, as biological agents may remain active on the textile surface or even pass through the textile. Luna Innovations is developing textiles capable of rendering lethal biological agents harmless on contact. This self-decontamination is achieved by covalently attaching highly effective biocides to the textile surface. Biological agents are immediately exposed to the biocide on contact with the textile rendering the biological agent inert. Covalent attachment permanently affixes the biocide to the textile allowing long-term protection even on repeated laundering. Luna’s proven expertise in polymer synthesis, surface modification and biocide synthesis will advance biocidal textiles from initial Phase I demonstrations through full technical development and eventual commercialization.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Lenka Stepan
ARMY 07-068      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Antimicrobial Polymer Deposition Process for Enhanced Textile Adhesion
Abstract:To address the Army need for a gas-phase process to deposit thin, durable, non-leaching antimicrobial polymers with long-term efficacy without deteriorating textile properties, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Antimicrobial Polymer Deposition Process to Enhance Textile Adhesion (AMPDETA). This proposed process is based on a pretreatment to enhance textile surface properties to augment deposition and adhesion of a cationic polymer during initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD). The pretreatment and iCVD processes are low-temperature, solventless techniques that are compatible with heat sensitive and dyed textiles. Regulating the parameters of the iCVD process allows nanometer control of the thickness and a uniform, conformal deposition of a polymer on textile surfaces. This innovative two-step process will deposit durable polymer films with long-term antimicrobial activity onto textiles surfaces without affecting textile properties, such as porosity, mechanical strength, dyeability, and durability. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the AMPDETA process on cotton by characterizing the textile properties and assessing the antimicrobial activity after several laundering cycles. In Phase II POC plans to extend the AMPDETA process to different textiles and determine its scalability for batch fabrication.

CHROMOLOGIC LLC
2275 E. Foothill Blvd
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 419-6846
Dr. Naresh Menon
ARMY 07-069      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:DNA-based barcoding for identification of Army materiel
Abstract:In order to address its urgent need to track and identify critical material, the Army is in need of a DNA based barcoding system that would enable unforgible, unambiguous and easily readable system for labeling and tracking military material. To meet this need, ChromoLogic proposes to develop a new reagent-free DNA barcode and reader (RDB) system. This proposed system is based on rapidly identifying (under 10 seconds) the sequence of a DNA barcode by means of dielectrophoretic mass sorting that requires no contact with the DNA material or the use of any reagents. The low-cost (<$2/tag) RDB system is based on extensive expertise of the PI in dielectrophoresis based biological analysis and a thorough understanding in DNA manipulation and instrumentation expertise of ChromoLogic and its partners. In Phase I, ChromoLogic will demonstrate the feasibility of the RDB system by building a set of tags and a prototype reader. The inexpensive, reagent-free, unforgible, unambiguous and easily readable format of RDB will be demonstrated to the Army by the end of Phase I. In Phase II, ChromoLogic will develop a complete prototype system with a custom graphical user interface designed for rapidly transitioning the system to the Army.

OPTTEK SYSTEMS, INC.
1919 Seventh Street
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 447-3255
Dr. Fred Glover
ARMY 07-070      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:OptAgent: A Generalized Framework for the Optimization and Analysis of Agent-based Models
Abstract:This project seeks to create OptAgent, an integrated software environment built on the existing foundation of OptQuest®, a metaheuristic-based optimization engine, to provide a generalized framework for the analysis and optimization of agent-based models by combining optimization algorithms, agent-based simulation, and distributed processing. The proposed research will develop additions and extensions of the core OptQuest engine to provide a tool tailored specifically to work with agent-based models. The OptAgent software will function in three stages. In the first stage a diverse set of solutions will be created and a Markov blanket-based feature selection methodology will identify the most influential variables. In the second stage the agent-based model optimization search process will be performed. This process will be enhanced by classification and discrimination rules developed from the initial solution set using satisfiability data mining. In the final stage the best combination of agent and environment parameters will be presented along with statistics providing insights into the behavior of the model across the myriad possible combinations of inputs. During Phase I the proposed research areas will be investigated and the most promising paths to implementation identified. Proof of concept software will be developed demonstrating the feasibility of the OptAgent application.

OPTO-KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS, INC.
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Dr. Nahum Gat
ARMY 07-071      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Fused Color Night Vision Imagery Using Invariant Spectral / Texture Identification within a Bayesian Network.
Abstract:The proposal addresses the need for better multi-camera fusion through the development of novel material identification and image processing routines. An innovative spectral/texture algorithm adapted specifically for night vision imagery will be used to segment the scene. Different portions of the scene are then identified using a Bayesian Network that utilizes ancillary knowledge to "intelligently" manage an invariant database. Finally, color and lightness values are assigned to maximize scene understanding and object identification. The algorithmic framework is versatile for handling different combinations of sensors operating in different spectral ranges, and it is modular so that it can utilize additional algorithms where appropriate. The overall approach builds on previous OKSI work in true-color night vision, multispectral image processing, infrared scene rendering, and multi-camera fusion. It moves beyond the current state of the art by using innovative algorithms that enable efficient and invariant scene rendering with true- color displays. Under Phase-I, OKSI will develop all aspects of the project and demonstrate the algorithms on both real and simulated night vision imagery. Under Phase- II the database will be expanded and the algorithms will be optimized for performance and speed, and a fully functional prototype fusion system operating in real-time will be developed.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Dr. Xuemin Jin
ARMY 07-071      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:A Physics-based Fusion Approach for Color Night Vision
Abstract:Night vision enhancement systems, such as night vision goggles and in-vehicle displays, have been used extensively in the military since the 1960’s. Most common night vision systems use single-band sensors that are sensitive to either emitted infrared (IR) radiation or reflected light, and thus provide a monochromatic image (intensities of grey or green) of the inspected scene. As such, depth perception is limited and visual acuity and focal range are restricted. Adding color can increase depth, contrast and perception of night vision compared with monochromatic images, improving soldiers' reaction time and reducing fatigue. We propose a novel physics-based approach to fusing images in multiple IR wavelength bands that should provide reliable and consistent color assignment and generate color images close to natural appearance for color night vision. The approach, which features image restoration, material identification, and color mapping, will utilize a visual color knowledge base generated from experimental multispectral and hyperspectral data and first-principles radiation transport simulations. The results from Phase I will be used to define real-time algorithms for color night vision applications in Phase II.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4764
Dr. Pengcheng Lv
ARMY 07-072      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:A compact, low cost, wearable naphthalene dosimeter using Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIPs)
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and the Applied Physics Laboratory at John Hopkins University (JHU/APL) detail the development of a small, rugged, low cost and wearable dosimeter that measures individual’s exposure to naphthalene. The key innovations of the proposed dosimeter include: a) the use of a miniature, low- cost and commercially available mass- sensitive transducer to ensure the high sensitivity of the dosimeter; and b) the use of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) receptor coatings to greatly enhance the sensor selectivity, and c) the design of a compact, low- cost, low power consumption circuit for data acquisition and analysis. Consequently, the proposed sensor has the following merits: a) small, wearable and low cost, b) high sensitivity and selectivity, c) long lasting serviceability, d) automatic data acquisition and interpretation, and e) reusable.

Photon Systems
1512 Industrial Park St.
Covina, CA 91722
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 967-6431
William F Hug
ARMY 07-072      Awarded: 1/11/2008
Title:Miniature real-time and accumulated deep UV dosimeter for naphthalene exposure
Abstract:Naphthalene has been identified as a serious health hazard for personnel working with JP8 and other fuels containing naphthalene. We proposed to develop a method for real time and accumulated dose measurement of exposure to naphthalene. The proposed method would employ a cell-phone-size naphthalene dosimeter (NaDos) “badge” to be worn by personnel potentially exposed to naphthalene. The badge would provide both real time detection and data logging of exposure to naphthalene as well as accumulation of the dose on an absorption bed which can be further analyzed for total accumulated dose when personnel return to their base at the end of a shift and insert the NaDos badge into a reader which would recover the accumulated dose as well as provide total dose measured using orthogonal methods. The NaDos “badge” would also be “refreshed” at the end of each work period. During the “refreshment” process, data accumulated by the badge in the field would be compared with data obtained during automated reprocessing of the badge to release naphthalene and other vapors accumulated in the absorption bed within the badge. This dosimeter employs subminiature optical detection methods with imbedded chemometric software to identify naphthalene and differentiate it from other vapor materials.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 797-0613
Mr. Mark Cammarere
ARMY 07-073      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Logistical Decision Support and Planning in a Counterinsurgency Environment
Abstract:Future U.S. conflicts increasingly involve operations against insurgents in asymmetric environments. Ongoing operations have demonstrated that insurgents can effectively disrupt the Army’s ability to establish and maintain the logistical lines of communication (LOCs). Insurgent success is based on rapidly changing, low technology tactics that are difficult to counter. Consequently, there are few secure “rear areas” suitable for conventional logistic operations. Simultaneously, the DoD transformation embraces a decreased in-theater logistic footprint to effectively support quicker and more agile combat forces. As a result, sparse logistics assets are at greater risk – increasing force protection requirements. Given the leaner nature of the Army’s future force, increased logistic force protection must be achieved with little direct support from in-theater combat units. When planning logistic operations, there is a need to account, not only for local terrain and friendly doctrine/forces, but predicted enemy activity. TSC proposes an innovative solution to plan logistics operations that mitigate potential insurgent attacks before they occur. In Phase I, TSC will leverage an existing logistic decision aid and data discovery engine developed on previous efforts for the Army to demonstrate feasibility. In Phase II, TSC will develop an end-to-end prototype tool to extract related information, assess risk of insurgent attack, and incorporate risk metrics into logistics planning.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5268
Dr. Priya Ranjan
ARMY 07-074      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:A Swarm Intelligence Based Approach to Secure, Scalable and Robust Design for Tactical Networks
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and Prof. Richard J. La from University of Maryland propose an innovative swarm intelligence (SI) based approach to secure, scalable and robust design of tactical networks. Basic idea is to demonstrate the effectiveness of ant- based multi-path routing for robust and secure network performance and hence enhanced confidence in networked system operation. In our proposed framework, cooperative behavior of ants will be leveraged to keep the network functioning even during nodes getting destroyed, disabled, compromised, or captured by the enemy. Basic motivation comes from biology that a system should have built-in redundancy for optimal performance. Following this architecture we shall demonstrate a SI based network paradigm at work which facilitates the integrated design and robust operation of a complex network under unpredictable environment along with built in simulation and operational capabilities.

SCALABLE NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6701 Center Drive West #520
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-3318
Dr. Ken Tang
ARMY 07-074      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Bio-Inspired Approaches to Secure Scalable Networking
Abstract:Tactical wireless communication networks, including both mobile ad hoc networks as well as sensor networks, are intrinsically dynamic, unreliable, and large scale. Therefore, capabilities such as self-configuration, resilience, and rapid recovery from disruptions to the network structure (such as failed nodes and jammed links) are critical to their successful operations, which pose difficult design challenges. However, design approaches which assume that the system is composed of reliable components, and/or that the system is of relatively small scale are not applicable in such environments. In addition, design approaches that are based on central and/or explicit control over the system as a whole either introduce a single point of failure or make the system not adaptable; such approaches are not applicable in such environments either. It is therefore critical to explore new design paradigms and approaches that do not suffer from these defects. In this proposal, we adapt the biological metaphor of Swarm Intelligence to design an adaptive networking architecture and a set of energy-efficient, robust, and scalable networking protocols for tactical wireless communication networks. We will also analyze the behavior and the performance of the proposed protocols through simulation and mathematically modeling.

D-STAR ENGINEERING CORP.
4 Armstrong Road
Shelton, CT 06484
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 925-7630
Mr. S. Paul Dev
ARMY 07-075      Awarded: 11/14/2007
Title:Optimumization of Miniature Heavy Fuel Engine
Abstract:The project aims to develop a strategy for an Optimum Miniature Heavy Fuel Engine, using scaled versions of a heavy fuel atomization system and combustion management systems previously developed by D-STAR, and by optimizing the engine design parameters to yield a successful OM-HFE. For the Phase 1, the project tasks include : identification of relevant engine processes and parameters; modeling of engine processes and performance; variational performance analysis and optimization, prediction of engine performance; preliminary design and layout of the engine; reporting and planning. tasks for a phase 1 option include : experimental validation of critical technologies; and iteration of the system design. The above process will lead to an optimum heavy-fuel / multi-fuel engine of less than 5 hp.

IRON BAY MODEL CO.
3301 Chapline Street
Wheeling, WV 26003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 554-8879
Mr. John Craig
ARMY 07-075      Awarded: 11/8/2007
Title:Very Small, Heavy-Fuel Engine (VSHF) Concepts
Abstract:In recent years there has been substantial investigation into heavy-fuel (diesel or JP-8) engine technologies with the goal of producing small engines (in the 5 horsepower range) for a number of useful applications within both military and commercial areas ranging from unmanned vehicles to power generation. However, practical solutions that resulted in working viable power-plants with the performance and reliability necessary for real- world everyday use were not achieved. A recently patented (#6,899,061, May 31, 2005 and #6,994,057, Feb. 7, 2006) innovative compression ignition engine has been proven in 2006 to operate as anticipated at West Virginia University. It used a modified single cylinder, four-stroke, CFR (Cooperative Research Engine). Its design combines the high pressure compression ignition of the diesel engine with the rapid and timed combustion in the spark ignition engine to maximize combustion compression. These tests provide the technology basis for miniaturization into a useful small engine that can be commercially produced and utilized for everyday applications. This new internal combustion reciprocating engine is reliable and allows burning lean mixtures of heavy fuel for efficient operation. The technology appears to be scalable in size to power small unmanned vehicles and for portable power generators. A small version of this engine is proposed to determine if it is feasible and to demonstrate the technology, along with an analysis of its performance to evaluate its capabilities.

JM HARWOOD, LLC
4045 French Oak Ct.
St. Charles, MO 63304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(636) 459-5848
Mr. Michael Harwood
ARMY 07-075      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Very Small Injection Technology (V-SInTech) Demo
Abstract:JM Harwood, LLC proposes the demonstration of a very small, light weight, auto-ignition diesel using JM Harwood’s proprietary Very Small Injection Technology (V-SInTech) direct fuel injection system. The V-SInTech direct fuel injection system eliminates the need for a heavy, high pressure fuel pump and injector. It provides a compact solution for producing fine atomization and the timely, accurate injection necessary for efficient diesel engine operation. JM Harwood proposes the modification of an O.S. Engines FS-120 4- stroke engine into a 14:1 compression ratio, auto-ignition diesel for purposes of demonstration. The Phase I effort will conduct the detailed design and analysis of the V- SInTech integration into the modified engine, in addition to the detailed design and analysis of the engine modification. The fabrication of the V-SInTech injector will begin during the Phase I Option for an initial functional and performance test during the first part of Phase II. This will enable a Phase II demonstration of Very Small Heavy Fuel (VSHF) engine.

TORION TECHNOLOGIES
2400 North 180 West
Pleasant Grove, UT 84602
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 830-6083
Dr. Douglas W. Later
ARMY 07-077      Awarded: 2/4/2008
Title:Hand-portable GC-TMS Instrumentation for Rapid Detection and Differentiation of Airborne Biological Threats
Abstract:Rapid detection and identification of biological threats in air during field operations and in gaseus flow streams from swatch permeation test fixtures are critical to protect the warfighter, first responders and civilians from exposure to infectious biological agents. The focus of this proposal is to develop these capabilities based on a proprietary hand- portable gas chromatograph-toroidal ion trap mass spectrometer (GC-TMS) instrument that has been developed by Torion Technologies for chemical threat detection. The proposed technology will be capable of sampling and concentrating bacterial endospores from gaseous media such as air, converting the particles into unique chemical biomarkers that can be analyzed by the GC-TMS system, and determining the presence of any target endospores using sophisticated deconvolution and spectral matching algorithms that can isolate relevant GC profiles and MS fingerprints from irrelevant background biological and chemical interferences to construct reliable bacterial endospore signatures. Specifically, in this Phase I project, we will demonstrate the collection of bacterial endospores using a small, battery-operated two-stage particle impactor, generate reproducible chemical biomarker signatures from captured bacterial endospores using acid-catalyzed hydrolysis/methylation, and apply a new classification and discrimination algorithm that is robust to growth conditions for identifying bacterial endospores.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Dr. Charles J. Cohen
ARMY 07-078      Awarded: 5/6/2008
Title:Real-Time Scalable Emulation of Communication Networks
Abstract:Cybernet Systems Corporation, with the support of Harris Corporation, propose to build a wireless radio network simulator that is capable of scaling to over several thousands of radios. Our goal is an extremely high fidelity simulator to represent not only the interactions among applications, protocols, and physical channels, but also allow easily modifiable configurations of large number of radio network nodes. Leveraging our past experience, we will emulate the Joint Airborne Network (JAN) and validate the JAN architecture through simulation and emulation of real, SCA-compliant software and hardware that could run on appropriate platforms. The benefits of the proposed system will include: 1. An integrated communication and mobility scenario design and execution. 2. A graphical design interface that minimizes the time required generating representative mission scenarios. 3. A multiple level-of-detail and timeline-enabled visualization interface that simplifies the analysis of network state over time. 4. Interactive scenario building that allows the designer to immediately view the effect of any changes of the JAN parameters and/or scenario flow.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5241
Dr. Renato Levy
ARMY 07-078      Awarded: 5/13/2008
Title:A Distributed Cluster-based Emulation Test Bed for Large Wireless Communication Networks
Abstract:In this proposal, we propose an innovative technical approach for developing a real-time scalable emulation test bed for large wireless communication networks. Our approach has four main advantages: 1) it uses radio model with configurable fidelity levels (packet level and detailed signal level) according to user’s preference; 2) the emulation architecture is scalable to support large wireless networks. We adopt clustering technique to manage up to thousands of radios in the emulation network in real-time. All wireless nodes are clustered into multiple groups, and each group and the communication activities within the group is managed by a single cluster server. Inter-cluster activities are handled by cooperation of different cluster servers; 3) the emulation network also works with user interactions and environmental data, such as weather and terrain data; 4) it provides both perceptual and statistical evaluation results. Users can connect real communication terminal devices into the emulation network and run any type of network applications, including audio/video streams, and evaluate those applications by the actual usage experience.

RUGATE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
353 Christian Street
Oxford, CT 06478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 267-3154
Mr. Thomas D. Rahmlow, Jr.
ARMY 07-079      Awarded: 1/30/2008
Title:Dual Band Infrared Coatings
Abstract:Sensor performance for the 3rd Generation FLIRs can be substantially improved by increased simultaneous throughput of both sensor bands in the optical systems. Currently available antireflection coatings (ARs) have optimized performance for either spectral band, but not both on the same optic. Where AR coatings do cover both bands or the entire broad band (visible – LWIR), performance is not sufficient for future combat systems (FCS). This program will address coating optimization for; 1) Refractive Lenses, 2) Mirrors (afocal and fold), 3) Beamsplitters, 4) Cold filters, and 5) Windows. Coating improvement will come from the use of rugate techniques, unique asymmetric design techniques , new coating materials and substrate material selection, design optimization techniques, and precise computer-control of fabrication processes.

TABLE MOUNTAIN OPTICS
509 Marin Street Suite 125
Thousand Oaks, CA 91360
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 496-7133
Dr. William H. Southwell
ARMY 07-079      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Dual Band Infrared Coatings
Abstract:This proposal is to perform optical thin film design studies for filters to be used in the mid wave infrared and simultaneously in the long wave infrared regions. In addition to the design studies, thin film materials and deposition processes and monitoring methods will be studied. The ultimate purpose is to develop the technology to enable high performance for military infrared sensors.

FIBERTEK, INC.
510 Herndon Parkway
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-7671
Mr. Bill Gavert
ARMY 07-080      Awarded: 12/3/2007
Title:Ultra-High Temporal Resolution Laser Radar (LADAR) Receiver
Abstract:Fibertek Corporation of Herndon VA is proposing to perform critical system analysis and design for an ultra high resolution analog-to-digital converter(ADC)-based LADAR receiver that can resolve multiple <500ps pulses at 1.5 microns through foliage and obscurants with a repetition rate of up to 1.5 MHz.

VOXTEL, INC.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
Mr. Andrew Huntington
ARMY 07-080      Awarded: 1/11/2008
Title:Ultra-High Temporal Resolution Laser Radar (LADAR) Receiver
Abstract:In Phase I, the performance of existing ultra-low-noise, high-speed avalanche photodiodes (APDs) and readout integrated circuits (ROICs) will be characterized and the performance attributes of the Army Ultra-High-Temporal-Resolution LADAR Receiver demonstrated. Additionally, the impulse response, pulse-pair resolution, and noise characteristics of 30-,40-,50-,and 60-µm diameter variants of existing ultra-low-noise APDs will be measured. These trade studies will quantify: impulse response scaling, pulse-pair resolution, and sensitivity versus detector area, and will allow us to identify a device design that meets the Army’s performance goals. Using the trade study results and APD and ROIC device characterization, the Phase II LADAR receiver will be designed and simulated to meet the solicited requirements, including: sub-nanosecond laser pulse response, a 1.5-micron response, 100-micron diameter APD with the best possible excess noise performance, <500-psec pulse time-of-flight (tof) response and the ability to capture multiple tof and sample 50-psec pulse amplitudes at kHz pulse-repetition rates. At the end of Phase I, the design of all components of a LADAR receiver will be completed, supported by both circuit simulation and empirical measurement of detectors so that in Phase II, the ultra-high resolution LADAR receiver will be manufactured and characterized for integrated into a short-pulse direct-detection LADAR system.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Craig S. Agate
ARMY 07-081      Awarded: 1/22/2008
Title:Persistent Surveillance in an Urban Environment
Abstract:Automatically detecting threatening behavior of dismounts would be an important capability in providing security to both civilians and miltiary personnel. Numerous environments could benefit from improved protective security monitoring, including military bases, governmental offices or complexes, schools, public gatherings, and industrial plants. A system designed to address such a problem requires a collection of distributed sensors that monitor an area-of-interest (AOI) to provide persistent surveillance. Persistent surveillance does not simply mean having enough sensors to provide good coverage of an AOI, but the ability to process the sensor data and provide situation assessment. Toyon Research proposes to extend our work in the areas of EO/IR detection and tracking of dismounts as well as feature-aided tracking algorithms used for track stitching to the problem of continuously tracking dismounts in urban surveillance environments as they pass through multiple, disjoint sensor field-of-views (FOVs). In Phase I Toyon will investigate different features (e.g., facial, motion characteristics) that can be extracted from EO/IR imagery and used to uniquely characterize a dismount detected and tracked in a video sequence. Experiments will be carried out to demonstrate the ability to identify a dismount as it passes through several disjoint sensor FOVs from features collected on the dismount.

III-N TECHNOLOGY, INC.
2033 Plymouth Road
Manhattan, KS , KS 66503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(785) 341-6964
Dr. Zhaoyang Fan
ARMY 07-082      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:3D Integrated Full Color Microdisplays Based on InGaN/AlGaInP Semiconductor Microemitter Arrays
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop next generation inorganic semiconductor based emissive microdisplays with the following merits: •Much higher brightness and power efficiency (5 x) than the current filter based LCD and OLED microdisplays. •Resolution and pixel density higher than 15 micron per pixel with VGA, SVGA and higher format. •RGB narrow bandwidth (~ 25 nm) with high color fidelity and gamut exceeding the current display standard. •Broad full color tunability. •High gray scale. •Wide viewing angle (>120 o). •Pixel response on nanoseconds scale. •Robust and long lifetime. To achieve the above goals, the proposed architecture will be based on 3D integration of stacked semiconductor RGB micro-emitter pixels with silicon CMOS driver/processor. The RGB micro-emitters have a vertically stacked structure with full-color tunability, ensuring a minimum pixel size. They are based on highly efficient InGaN for blue/green wavelength and AlGaInP for red wavelength emission, which are vertically integrated through thin-film transfer. The micro-emitter array will be bonded onto a silicon IC driver/processor substrate by flip-chip bonding and SiO2 based wafer bonding.

QD VISION, INC.
313 Pleasant Street 4th Floor
Waterown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 607-9701
Dr. Seth Coe-Sullivan
ARMY 07-082      Awarded: 2/11/2008
Title:Direct Patterning of Emitters for Micro-Displays
Abstract:In this proposal, we articulate a program to develop the key technologies required to enable high resolution, full-color micro-displays. The proposed approach will exploit the development at QD Vision of high quantum yield (QY) colloidal QDs, as well as the company’s proprietary process capability for versatile manipulation of ordered 2D monolayer arrays of QDs by self-assembly and their pattern transfer and deposition on specifically targeted electrically active substrates and films. The direct deposition processes will be demonstrated for the currently used 15 microns per pixel density in the initial phase and will offer prospects for scaling down to approximately 9 microns per pixel density or higher in the future.

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Ching-Fang Lin
ARMY 07-085      Awarded: 12/18/2007
Title:Integrated Auto-Calibration Self-Contained Target Acquisition Module
Abstract:The objective of this project is to demonstrate an innovative Integrated Auto-Calibration Self-Contained Target Acquisition Module (referred to as IASTAM in this proposal) for a Handheld Target Location System. In the Phase I of the project, we will test and evaluate a technical approach for the IASTAM implementation based on a new gyrocompassing method of an inertial navigation system (INS). It is based on fully Auto-Calibration Self- Contained inertial navigation system (INS) principles, and does not depend on magnetometers for azimuth/heading determination. Thus the system outputs and performance are not affected by the environmental magnetic fields. In the Phase I, the proposed approach of the IASTAM will be investigated and implemented. We will carry out hardware and software evaluation of the IASTAM. Laboratory testing will be carried out to verify the system performance. Based on the Phase I work we will build a prototype system for field experimentation/tests in Phase II.

JAYMART SENSORS LLC
4733 Fox St
Orlando, FL 32814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 228-2226
Mr. Martin Tanenhaus
ARMY 07-085      Awarded: 1/9/2008
Title:Improved Far-Target Location Accuracy for Man-portable Systems Through Application of GPS, Gyroscope, and Magnetometer Technologies
Abstract:A. Summary . The program proposed herein addresses the need for more accurate target location information, specifically azimuth and elevation. This program combines accurately aligned MEMS gyros, accelerometers and a digital magnetic compass in a miniaturized package with GPS to achieve azimuth accuracy. The program leverages our demonstrated ability to package sensors, GPS and low power managed, high computation rate signal processing in a small volume to obtain an accurate MEMS based IMU/INS (1.9 in³) that utilizes new sensor technologies, miniaturized packaging and advanced 3D algorithms.

ACTIVE SPECTRUM, INC.
9 Hubbard Rd.
Amherst, NH 03031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 610-0720
Dr. Christopher White
ARMY 07-086      Awarded: 1/28/2008
Title:Wideband Filter Networks for Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Size, Weight, and Power (SWAP) Reduction
Abstract:We propose a novel, high performance tunable narrowband bandpass preselect filter that is capable of continuously tuning from 400MHz - 3GHz. The proposed filter offers an order of magnitude reduction in SWAP-C, small size (1/2" x 1/2" x 1/4"), low cost and minimal power consumption. The proposed design uses conventional fabrication processes and inexpensive off-the-shelf commercially available components to minimize cost and technical risk.

AGILE RF, INC.
93 Castilian Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-5159
Mr. Albert Cardona
ARMY 07-086      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Wideband Filter Networks for Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Size, Weight, and Power (SWAP) Reduction
Abstract:Agile is proposing a unique new technology to solve JTRS filtering issues using a recently discovered piezoelectric material that can provide its own switching and tuning capabilities.

DATASOFT CORP.
7669 S. Myrtle Ave.
Tempe, AZ 85284
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Mr. Roger Paulsen
ARMY 07-087      Awarded: 1/8/2008
Title:Innovative Electronics Components and Circuit Designs for UHF RF Diplexer
Abstract:The UGS/IMS gateway node is an important aspect of the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) network. The gateway node provides UGS networks with long haul communications and can be used to perform mission tasks such as perimeter defense, surveillance, target acquisition and situational awareness (SA), including Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) early warning. The UHF RF diplexer allows the two transceivers located within the UGS/IMS gateway node to share one common antenna. DataSoft’s goal is to enhance the performance of the current diplexer using advanced filter techniques and to implement the design using Integrated Passive Devices to maintain the size required for UGS/IMS integration. As a partner with General Dynamics on the JTRS Handheld, Manpack, Small Form Fit (HMS) program, DataSoft is familiar with the complex performance and mechanical requirements demanded by the HMS program is uniquely positioned to integrate the proposed diplexer design into the UGS/IMS gateway node.

OMEGA WIRELESS SOLUTIONS, INC.
Purdue Technology Center 3000 Kent Avenue Suite D1-106
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 775-1011
Mr. Jacob L. Smelser
ARMY 07-087      Awarded: 1/22/2008
Title:Innovative Electronics Components and Circuit Designs for UHF RF Diplexer
Abstract:RF diplexers are a common and critical element in military and commercial communications equipment, allowing two independent communications channels to share a common antenna network. A diplexer can be thought of as a special type of combiner or splitter which allows two transmit signals, two receive signals, or a transmit / receive pair to operate concurrently through a common antenna network. This capability provides the communications system designer considerable flexibility in terms of multiple simultaneous communications channels as well as the capacity for full duplex operation. Currently available commercial diplexer designs are approaching theoretical performance limits given the available substrate materials, metallization, and circuit topologies employed. Improvements in materials, processing, and design topologies are therefore required to improve upon diplexer electrical parameters such as insertion loss, VSWR, and isolation, and to improve or even remove the frequency spectrum “gap” in currently fielded systems. Removing or minimizing the “gap” would therefore allow for greater spectrum utilization as long as careful frequency management is employed. Omega Wireless Solutions recognizes the need for improved diplexer performance and therefore proposes to partner with CIS Microelectronics to leverage upon on-going research to develop an advanced integrated UHF diplexer module.

DAX TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL
100 Matawan Rd Suite 350
Matawan , NJ 07747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 203-1784
Ms. Dana S. Alexe
ARMY 07-088      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Improved Fault Management/Correlation for Tactical Networks
Abstract:In recent years, mobile ad-hoc networks have received considerable attention due to their capabilities to enable data networking without any infrastructure support. However, the nodes use wireless radios with limited bandwidth and typically high loss rates to communicate; every node participates in packet forwarding, and the topology of the network is dynamic. The U.S. military is planning deployment of mobile ad-hoc networks and commercial applications are emerging. Past research on such networks has been focused primarily on the enabling technologies such as wireless radios, media access, and routing. The challenging task of managing these networks has to now be addressed to ensure effective communications. Today’s commercial network management tools were mostly designed for networks with stable topologies and abundant capacity. These tools are ill-suited for mobile ad-hoc networks. In this Phase I study we propose to achieve a characterization of faults for the ad-hoc network that can be then used as the foundation for proposing an architecture to effectively deal with these faults. We will investigate distributive correlation techniques, root cause analysis based on network event causality model, and mission network optimization all in support of being able to propose an architecture design for a solution to the challenge of fault management/correlation for tactical ad-hoc networks.

COHERENT LOGIX, INC.
1120 South Capital of Texas Highway Building 3, Suite 310
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 382-8947
Mr. Michael B. Doerr
ARMY 07-089      Awarded: 4/16/2008
Title:Software Defined Radio Waveform Development Kit (SDR-WDK)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes the Software Defined Radio Waveform Development Kit (SDR-WDK) program to facilitate the development of a SDR development kit based on the Hyper64 processor with an accompanying software development flow to support rapid development and fielding of this technology to the Warfighter. The HyperX Technology is viewed by JPEO JTRS HMS as a risk reduction technology that is slated for insertion into the JTRS HMS SDR program of record upon successful demonstration. It will simultaneously enable order of magnitude improvement in power savings while reducing chipset count, thus size and weight of the radio. The HyperX processor technology is fully programmable and reconfigurable on the fly and is supported by industry standards based [hardware agnostic software development flow and] programming model using ANSI-C and MPI (message passing interface) API. This provides reduced life-cycle costs and future proofing of hardware through fully portable software code. The Hyper64, first in a family of HyperX based chip products, will be available COTS in the Summer of 2007. This effort capitalizes on the investments made by DARPA; U.S. Army ARDEC and ARL; AFRL Sensors, Space Vehicles Directorate, and Information Directorate; and JPEO/PM JTRS HMS under the DARPA ECHiPPS Program.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5241
Dr. Renato Levy
ARMY 07-089      Awarded: 1/5/2008
Title:High Performance Parallel Signal Processor with SDK for Advanced Communications
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), proposes a massive large scale parallelized high performance signal processor for advanced wireless communication. Our novel software developer kit (SDK) will translate single threaded or single processor waveform to the parallel processing aware waveform for field programmable gate arrays (FPGA). The high performance parallel processing model in FPGA has: (1) highly computational, embedded real time large scale parallelization, (2) optimization algorithm that allocates processor resources efficiently, (3) SDK tools for waveforms translations from single processor or thread to parallel architecture, (4) SDK tools for processor reconfiguration, expansion, optimization and mapping, (5) parallelization algorithm scalable across multiple processors with decreased power and (6) parallel execution of processing of multiple waveforms in the FPGA. FPGA offers most resilient, powerful, scalable approach for high performance parallel processing. The key innovations we propose are (1) high speed waveform digital signal processor with simultaneous processing of multiple waveforms in the processor (2) ability to perform test simulations on the FPGA itself, by creating HDL block, (3) ability to process waveforms upto 10 GHz and (4) SDK monitoring, analysis, storing the data and control the channels. The proposed system can be rapidly deployed for testing within the Phase I base period.

CUSTOM MMIC DESIGN SERVICES, INC.
2 Pace Rd
Tyngsboro, MA 01879
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 649-2660
Mr. Paul Blount
ARMY 07-090      Awarded: 12/18/2007
Title:High Efficiency, Low Power, Low Noise Amplifiers for SATCOM
Abstract:This proposal drastically reduces the existing power dissipation of low noise amplifiers within phase array systems. We intend to use an innovative and novel modification to a standard topology to achieve excellent performance with small size and mismatch tolerance. Such a novel use of current sharing in a balanced amplifier topology, along with a metamorphic HEMT (mHEMT) technology will result in the smallest and best performance for this design. The mHEMT will create a situation where the smallest design can be achieved by reducing the number of stages of amplification necessary to achieve greater than 20dB of gain while maintaining a good noise figure match. Further reduction in size for the amplifiers is proposed with the use of lumped element hybrids in the place of distributed elements.

HITTITE MICROWAVE CORP.
20 Alpha Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-3343
Mr. Frank Traut
ARMY 07-090      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:High Efficiency, Low Power, Low Noise Amplifiers for SATCOM (2007021)
Abstract:Today’s satellite communications terminals rely on electronically steered arrays made of a large number of radiating elements with a receive module connected to each element. Typically, a receive module contains a Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) and a phase shifter integrated into one (or more) MMIC chip. In order to reduce the power dissipation of the receiver, one critical design goal for module and hence the Low Noise Amplifier (LNA), is to maximize the power-added efficiency (PAE) of the amplifier. While the dissipation in the LNA is a small fraction of the prime power consumption in the transmitter, the receiver portion of the terminal remains powered on at all times, thus the power consumption in the receiver represents a critical power drain. This will result in a reduced heat-load, which will in turn reduces the required cooling of the receive phased array antenna. The proposed program will conduct an analysis and preliminary design of high-efficiency, low power consumption, self-biased MMIC LNAs covering X- and K-band frequency bands.

MAYFLOWER COMMUNICATIONS CO., INC.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Mr. George Dimos
ARMY 07-091      Awarded: 12/19/2007
Title:Enhancements for Military Ground Based GPS Receivers in Urban Environments
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Army SBIR program objective to develop and demonstrate GPS receiver improvements for ground users to optimize their positioning performance in urban applications. The proposed enhanced system (whose full configuration is shown in Figure 1 below) consists of (i) the Mayflower “NavAssure” SAASM GPS receiver; and (ii) receiver software enhancements in order to mitigate the performance issues for urban applications by incorporating Deep Integration (DI) with an IMU, Multipath Detection (MD), and Collaborative Navigation (CN) based on external GPS aiding measurements from collaborating receivers through a tactical radio (JTRS HMS a.k.a. “soldier’s radio”). Significant performance improvements, compared to typical existing military receivers, can be obtained with subsets of the above full configuration, i.e. (A) stand-alone “NavAssure” receiver with DI/MD software enhancements; and (B) stand-alone “NavAssure” receiver plus JTRS aiding and CN software enhancements. Mayflower is developing the “NavAssure” single chip SAASM GPS receiver (under the Navy GIF SBIR III program.) which is expected to be available in 2009 at a production cost of about $500 and typical power consumption of significantly less than 0.5 Watt. Theprogram. Mayflower is also developing the JTRS data interface under a Navy SPAWAR SBIR II program. The Phase I study will quantify the performance benefits of the proposed enhancements and demonstrate its feasibility to mitigate positioning performance degradation in urban applications. The follow on Phase II effort will implement these enhancements in software on the NavAssure SAASM GPS receiver platform and test and demonstrate its effectiveness in urban GPS applications..

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Paul Shnitser
ARMY 07-091      Awarded: 11/26/2007
Title:Horizontal Precision Enhancement System
Abstract:To address the Army need for Global Positioning System Precise Positioning Service receiver improvements for ground users to improve their positioning precision in urban areas, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Horizontal Precision Enhancement (HOPE) technology. This proposed system is based on self-contained navigation combined with multiple hypothesis tracking (MHT) prediction. The innovation in combining a compact and lightweight (<8 cub. in, <8 oz) navigation sensor module with MHT dynamic process prediction enables the HOPE to achieve <2 m, 95%, horizontal positioning performance in all environments, including urban areas and within enclosed spaces, such as buildings and caves. The optical self-mixing interferometer-based navigation sensor tracks horizontal position through precise measurement (>95% accuracy) of three-dimensional velocity components. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the HOPE system by measuring horizontal position tracking inside a building with commercial off-the-shelf components. In Phase II we plan to develop a fully operational HOPE system, including an on-board signal processing and wireless communication link, that can be readily integrated into virtually any ground-based military platforms.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Jeremy Steinshnider
ARMY 07-092      Awarded: 10/30/2007
Title:Multi-functional Fluidic Manifold for Portable Fuel Cell Systems
Abstract:Significant progress has been made in recent years in portable fuel cell systems to increase energy and power densities. However, the majority of the focus has been in fuel cell development or hydrogen storage with little consideration towards the system ancillary components (pumps, valves, regulators, tubing) that usually require a complicated layout and adds unnecessary mass and volume. To address these limitations, Lynntech proposes to develop a multi-functional fluidic manifold that will reduce the system mass and volume, while improving both reliability and robustness. This novel multi-functional fluidic manifold contains the reactant gas and cooling channels, eliminating the need for tubing where the wall thickness accounts for half the tube diameter. The pump heads will be integrated in the fluidic manifold, eliminating the need for a shell. The manifold body will also serve as the regulator housing. To further reduce system mass and volume the fuel cell and heat exchanger will attach directly to the manifold eliminating the need for an endplate and water flow channel plate. This entire fluidic manifold will be fabricated from lightweight, high strength plastics to handle the mechanical and thermal stresses with new low power solenoid valves to improve system efficiency.

ULTRACELL CORP.
399 Lindbergh Avenue
Livermore, CA 94551
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 455-9400
Mr. Ian
ARMY 07-092      Awarded: 10/31/2007
Title:Water Vapor Recovery System for Advancement of State of the Art Fuel Cell Technologies through Innovative Component Development
Abstract:Information technology is integral to the success of modern day military operations and future soldier capabilities. Traditional battery technologies do not provide the energy density and power delivery available in a size and weight that meets electronics intensive battlefield requirements with long mission durations. Micro fuel cells are envisioned as the next generation of hot-swappable, safe and environmentally friendly off-grid power sources for these demanding applications. The ultimate objective for this SBIR effort will be the development of a fuel cell system that provides 20W of power in less than 0.8 kg dry weight and exhibits an energy density of at least 1440Whr/kg for a 72 hour mission. The target energy density will be accomplished through the innovation of a water vapor recovery system (WVRS) component that will enable pure methanol fuel cartridges, thereby dramatically impacting fuel energy density by 38%.

JADOO POWER SYSTEMS, INC.
181 Blue Ravine Road
Folsom, CA 95630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 608-9044
Mr. Andrew Wallace
ARMY 07-093      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Economical Power Source for Dismounted Soldier and Unattended Ground Sensor Missions
Abstract:Leveraging fielded experience with award winning fuel cell products, Jadoo proposes a fuel flexible approach operating on a common fuel cell platform. Jadoo will develop a life cycle model supported by empirical data obtained from our fielded products, specific application data, and fuel technology specific characteristics. This model will be used to assess multiple energy storage technologies against dismounted soldier (DS) and unattended ground sensor (UGS) application requirements. The Jadoo fuel cell system architecture is well proven over hundreds of commercially fielded systems showing high reliability (>7000 hours), low cost (100W system under $1000), instant startup (less than 2 seconds), start/stop resilience (>7000 start/stops), and a wide environmental temperature (-20 to 55°C). Jadoo has already developed standardized fuel canisters that use ammonia borane, metal hydrides and sodium borohydride using a common fuel cell interface. Jadoo’s N-Stor interface enables a single fuel cell system to operate on any one of the above mentioned technologies without the need to change the system design. Jadoo has already demonstrated the operation of its commercial N-Gen fuel cell system on the above mentioned fuels as well as with reformed methanol and sodium silicide technologies. The needs and requirements of markets must drive the choice of fuel technology. Similarly, applications like cell phones require a rechargeable lithium ion battery while flashlights typically use primary batteries. Utilizing this universal fuel cell approach, end customers may use any combination of fuel storage technologies based on cost, storage capabilities, performance characteristics, refill requirements, and field availability.

PRECISION COMBUSTION, INC.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Mr. Richard Mastanduno
ARMY 07-093      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Economical Power Source for Dismounted Soldier and Unattended Ground Sensor Missions
Abstract:The Army has identified a need for low (<20 We) power systems for the Unmanned Ground Sensor (UGS) and Dismounted Soldier (DS) applications. Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) has developed a microscale-burner with successful technology from Palm Power, DoD CERDEC and SBIR programs, and is proposing to develop component and system level designs to exceed the capabilities of current battery technology by optimizing parameters for our catalytic combustor combined with thermoelectric modules already proven in military applications. In order to overcome the key hurdles, PCI is proposing a design and sensitivity study to define performance requirements of system components that meet the stringent performance and operational requirements of microburners. Mesh-like Microlith catalytic substrates will be utilized to realize benefits from the short-contact-time technology’s compact size, its diffusive capabilities to boost mixing, and its high surface area to augment vaporization. Capabilities of current and developing thermoelectric systems and Balance of Plant components will be evaluated as part of the overall integrated power generation system design studies. If successful, a low cost system which exceeds the baseline performance of military BB-8180/U Zinc-air batteries will be defined. The Phase II program will demonstrate the most promising systems.

SIMVENTIONS, INC.
11905 Bowman Dr Suite 502
Fredericksburg, VA 22408
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 372-7727
Mr. Bertram P. Chase
ARMY 07-094      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:Framework for Mobile Services
Abstract:While the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) has made huge strides in improving interoperability amongst software systems and applications, problems still exist. One SOA implementation is not necessarily compatible with another. For example, a service developed using Web services developed using SOAP cannot be easily used by a client relying on CORBA for communications. What is needed is a way to develop a service one time, using the implementation of choice. Then, have the ability to deploy that service in a way that allows for interaction with any number of SOA implementations. By applying the principles of the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB), the Service Component Architecture (SCA), and the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) such a solution is possible. The idea is to build a server that can run any type of service much in the same way a JVM runs any Java software on multiple platforms. This server would take advantage of the ESB and SCA to create a framework for development and deployment that allows existing and emerging services to be interoperable. This solution avoids impacting legacy systems and provides for extensibility to accommodate future service implementations / protocols, thus saving many man hours of design, development, and integration time.

APPLIED MEDIA ANALYSIS, INC.
387 Technology Drive, Suite 2101
College Park, MD 20742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 405-8574
Dr. Huiping Li
ARMY 07-095      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:AHOCR: A System for Offline Arabic Handwriting Recognition
Abstract:For this SBIR Applied Media Analysis, Inc. is teamed with researchers at the University of Buffalo (SUNY Buffalo) to address the challenges of Arabic handwriting Optical Character Recognition (AHOCR). The proposed approach leverages our previous experience developing MATES, a Multilingual Automatic Translation Engine for Signs (and documents), supported in part by the Army Research Laboratory (ARL). It will significantly extend our Mobile Arabic OCR capability to handle the handwriting. The system will be comprised of software modules including handwritten text extraction, preprocessing, segmentation, classification, post processing and evaluation. In this proposal we will focus on the underlying algorithms, rather then retargetablity, and our strategy will explore probabilistic methods that are independent of the writing style. These probabilistic methods have not previously been applied to Arabic handwriting recognition and advance the frontiers of document analysis in general, in addition to being ideally suited to the domains where the quality of documents is often less than ideal. We will demonstrate technical feasibility by testing the system on several Arabic handwriting collections, previously used in the community.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Mr. Glenn Beach
ARMY 07-095      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:Optical Character Recognition for Arabic Ruq
Abstract:In the ongoing efforts in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), as well as the continuing Global War on Terror (GWOT), U.S. forces gain valuable information from captured documents. While these documents are typically written in Arabic, there are not enough U.S. personnel trained in reading Arabic to expediently read and understand the captured information. Since the information has the most value while it is still fresh, the U.S. military has started to use Arabic based optical character recognition (OCR) to quickly convert the Arabic text into English. While these commercial OCR packages work well with machine-produced documents, their performance is quickly and significantly degraded on more typical hand-written Arabic documents. The problems are compounded when the original document contains even small levels of noise or other sources of image degradation. In order to more quickly and effectively process collected information there is a need for an automated system to process this handwritten text. We propose to leverage our experience with developing previous image processing and handwriting recognition systems to develop a system for performing optical character recognition (OCR) on the most commonly used Arabic script, Ruq’ah

AMERICAN LITHIUM ENERGY
935 Bailey Court Unit 106
San Marcos, CA 92069
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 679-1689
Dr. Jiang Fan
ARMY 07-096      Awarded: 1/24/2008
Title:Applied Innovative Nano-Materials Technology for High Energy Rechargeable Batteries, for Soldier Systems for Extended Missions in Combat Environments
Abstract:This proposal exploits nano-materials to achieve exceptionally high energy in an 18650- size cell. The successful development of this cell will provide the Army with the highest energy density commercially available for years to come. This advancement in the cell capacity will lift military batteries to the next level and will have a significant impact to the outcome of the future battlefield since the battery is one of the key factors in the digital battlefield. The higher cell capacity simply means the longer running time for some devises or longer range for some weapon, which will be vital to our soldier in the battlefield.

ELECTRO ENERGY, MOBILE PRODUCTS, INC.
3820 S Hancock Expressway
Colorado Springs, CO 80911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 392-4266
Mr. Stephen Cordova
ARMY 07-096      Awarded: 12/16/2007
Title:Applied Innovative Nano-Materials Technology for High Energy Rechargeable Batteries, for Soldier Systems for Extended Missions in Combat Environments
Abstract:This proposal is for the development of ultrahigh energy density rechargeable lithium battery chemistry. A novel cathode material is chosen that when fully developed is expected to provide packaged batteries with specific energies of 400-500 Wh/kg. The new battery will have applications in soldier power, aircraft, high power weapons and other military and commercial products. The electrode chemistry under consideration has particular application for high energy rechargeable batteries for soldier systems for extended missions in the combat environments. The proposal identifies a new type of nanocomposite rechargeable lithium battery cathode material to provide high specific energy and a proprietary cell design to provide high rate capability and compact packaging. The proposal identifies the steps for preparing and identifying optimum electrode compositions, fabricating and evaluating laboratory test cells and developing and characterizing fully packaged rechargeable lithium cells.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Darin A. Knaus
ARMY 07-097      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Multi-Fuel Burner for Stirling Applications
Abstract:Compact, efficient, and sustainable electric power generators are needed to provide mobile electric power for deployable military bases. Stirling engines are attractive candidates to meet the Army’s future deployed electric power needs because they are quiet, efficient, and have the potential to be highly fuel-flexible due to the external combustion process used to drive the engine. For low-power engines (<1 kWe) operated on heavy fuels such as JP-8 or diesel, fuel atomization and/or vaporization is a key aspect of burner design. Creare has previously developed fuel atomization technology compatible with JP-8 and diesel for small burners used for personal combat feeding. In the currently proposed project, we will modify this existing burner technology to add multi-fuel capability (JP-8, diesel, gasoline, and propane) and adapt the burner so that it will interface with a 750 We Stirling engine. In Phase I, we will demonstrate fuel delivery and combustion of the four fuels in a single proof-of-concept burner. During the Option phase, we will design and analyze a recuperator to maximize burner efficiency. In Phase II, we will develop a burner prototype compatible with an existing free-piston Stirling engine and characterize operability, efficiency, noise signature, and emissions with the four fuels.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6643
Mr. Jason Targoff
ARMY 07-097      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Multi-fuel Burner for Stirling Engine Based on Innovative Component Development
Abstract:Developing a multi-fuel capable burner with an electronic controls subsystem for a Stirling engine represents an opportunity to develop a power source capable of running on a variety of military fuels. TIAX has developed a Stirling engine power plant technology, an operational third-generation laboratory prototype. The existing engine prototype has a multi-fuel compatible vaporizing burner with a 1.5-5 kW variable burn. There are technical limitations in atomizing less than 5 kW of heavy fuels (atomizers suffer from orifice clogging) and in vaporizing heavy fuels (fuel vaporization temperatures and coke- formation temperatures overlap). However, the TIAX-developed vaporizing burner achieves a clean, uniform flame with negligible coke formation after hours of use with a variety of fuels. In this project we will further optimize the burner flow field for improved thermal efficiency and heat recuperation. We will also modify our electronic controls subsystem to allow for multi-fuel, switch “on-the-fly” use. This project will improve the TRL of the TIAX Stirling engine. If this project is successfully implemented for military direct power and hybrid power applications, then commercial manufacturers would adopt the same features for applications in recreational vehicles/cabins and emergency vehicles/rescue stations as a compact source for combined heat and power output.

BLACK FOREST ENGINEERING, LLC
1879 Austin Bluffs Parkway
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 593-9501
Dr. Stephen Gaalema
ARMY 07-098      Awarded: 1/8/2008
Title:Large Format Uncooled Focal Plane Array
Abstract:Uncooled focal plane array (FPA) technology has evolved such that high performance is achieved in the long wavelength infrared (LWIR) with small pixel pitch and fast time constant. Small pitch allows high resolution with reduction in optics size and weight. Black Forest Engineering (BFE) has demonstrated 1024x768 a-Si:H FPAs with 20 um pixel pitch, noise equivalent temperature difference (NETD) < 35 mK and time constant < 8 msec. On Phase I, BFE will demonstrate by design and analysis pixel circuit modifications to provide adjustable control of time constant and responsivity in a 17 um pixel pitch. On Phase II, this new pixel circuitry will be demonstrated in a 320x240 or larger format FPA, that achieves NETD < 20 mK at F/1.4 (LWIR @ 300 K). The new pixel circuitry will allow 1280x960 uncooled FPAs with high performance and hot source mitigation.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Rob Gillen
ARMY 07-099      Awarded: 2/19/2008
Title:Commercial Wireless Denial of Service (DoS) Mitigation Techniques
Abstract:Advanced Network Centric Warfare (NCW) systems are critical to the successful implementation of the Army’s future force. To achieve accurate, secure, and reliable wireless communications in such systems, the information flow between any two communicating entities should be protected properly against various malicious attacks, specifically the exploitable denial of service attacks (DoS) in wireless environments. In this research, we propose a novel scheme that addresses the problem of combating DoS attacks by raising an early alert. We employ a simple method that maintains minimal state information at each router and functions independent of the underlying queuing mechanism at the routers. IST has assembled a distinguished team to address this proposal. In conjunction with our university research partner, we are proposing a novel and innovative approach to meeting the requirements called for in the solicitation. At the conclusion of Phase II, we will have a pre-production version of our product ready for immediate deployment in selected applications.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Dr. Julia Deng
ARMY 07-099      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:An Integrated Denial of Service (DoS) Mitigation Scheme for Tactical Networks
Abstract:One important class of security threats, Denial of Service (DoS) caused by the commodity of shared wireless medium is not fully addressable through conventional security mechanisms. In reality, DoS is such an easy attack which can be launched by an inexperienced attacker, but may cause significant system performance degradation, or even network partition and failure. Therefore, to ensure accurate, secure, and reliable “mission-critical” information delivery in the Network Centric Warfare systems, DoS attacks have to be further addressed. In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and its subcontractor, Professor Yang Xiao from the University of Alabama propose an integrated pipeline structure to mitigate the effects of DoS attacks, including DoS prevention, DoS detection and DoS response components. For each component, a set of DoS mitigation mechanisms are designed. One significant advantage of the proposed scheme is that it adopts the common defense strategies used in our daily life as well as the military war. In simple words, if A tries to fight with B, there are three approaches that B can do: 1) build high defense guard, 2) fight back when unavoidable, 3) escape when facing with unbeatable enemy. The three functional components in our proposed scheme correspond to these three defense strategies.

SPACE & DEFENSE SYSTEMS, INC.
10700 Parkridge Blvd Suite 410
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 390-9315
Dr. David Streight
ARMY 07-099      Awarded: 1/25/2008
Title:Commercial Wireless Denial of Service (DoS) Mitigation Techniques
Abstract:The SDSI team proposes a unique DoS detection methodology: anomaly detection in the PHY and LNK layers. During Phase I, the SDSI team adapts Signal to Noise Enhancement Program noise and interference detection technology and specific emitter identification (SEI) algorithms currently used within the national SIGINT community to perform sophisticated anomaly detection for both the 802.11g and 802.15.4 standards.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Mr. Rob Gillen
ARMY 07-100      Awarded: 1/10/2008
Title:Mobility to 802.16j - Mobile Multi-hop Relay Base Stations
Abstract:Due to the remarkable benefits provided by 802.16 Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) networks, military interest in such technology has consistently grown. However, preplanned base station locations with tall towers and directionally-optimized antennas are not tactically useful. Therefore, in order for the military to leverage commercial wireless technologies, these technologies must be adapted for a tactical environment. In this project, we will address these challenges and develop the Multi-hop Base Station Mobility Management Scheme (MBSMMS) which will provide support for the mobility of base stations in a tactical environment. The proposed MBSMMS is an improvement/amendment of the current IEEE 802.16j standard that offers efficient mobility support for BSs and provides backward compliance to the commercial 802.16 technology. IST has assembled a distinguished team to address this proposal. In conjunction with our university research partner, we are proposing a novel and innovative approach to meeting the requirements called for in the solicitation. At the conclusion of Phase II, we will have a pre-production version of our product ready for immediate deployment in selected applications.

AGILE RF, INC.
93 Castilian Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-5159
Mr. Roger Forse
ARMY 07-101      Awarded: 1/25/2008
Title:Low Profile Smart Multiple Beam Forming Antenna for KU-Band
Abstract:Agile has successfully demonstrated the ability to design and manufacture high performance, voltage controllable analog phase shifters for use in phased array antennas using the ferroelectric material, Barium Strontium Titanate (BST). Agile has also performed pioneering work in the design of low cost phased array antennas featuring our analog controlled phase shifters. This work was performed for a commercial application, automotive DirecTV antennas, but is ideally suited for the manufacture of cost-effective and scalable conformal antennas. Agile is proposing to develop 2-D electronically scanned antennas using our low cost, high performance phase shifters as the key enabling technology in a module based approach. These low cost modules include polarization control, amplification and phase shift in a single small and easily manufacturable package. Phase I will focus on a Ku band antenna and module development. The Phase I proposal will focus on extending our work from an existing Ku band commercial DBS antenna but adding transmit functionality and scaling the antenna for the specific requirements of the Army. Phase II will involve the actual manufacture of the antenna designed in Phase I.

EMAG TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Dr. Alex Margomenos
ARMY 07-101      Awarded: 12/3/2007
Title:Low Profile Smart Multiple Beam Forming Antenna for KU-Band
Abstract:This SBIR project addresses the Army’s need for development of a high performance, low cost, reduced size, weight and power consumption (SWaP) beam steering array antenna that operates at the Ku-band frequency range with multiple simultaneous beam capability. In response to this need, EMAG Technologies proposes to develop a Ku-band wafer- scale digital beamforming (DBF) array based on revolutionary concepts in packaging and three-dimensional integration. The proposed system will comprise stacked high-resistivity silicon wafers each with a different functionality. EMAG Technologies proposes to develop a novel micromachined RF front end that will combine an antenna array, monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC), and digital beamforming on a tile of array elements where each element forms a miniaturized multi-chip structure.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5275
Dr. Jason Li
ARMY 07-102      Awarded: 1/4/2008
Title:COSMOS: Composable, Systematic Cross Layer Design based on Multi-layer Optimization Strategies
Abstract:We propose the Composable, Systematic cross-layer design and analysis approach based on Multi-layer Optimization Strategies (COSMOS). First, “Layering as Optimization Decomposition” serves as a base for a unified framework which provides a level ground for comparison among various cross-layer designs, as well as a unified view on “how to and how not to layer”. This mathematical theory provides guidelines that enable systematic design of network architectures. Second, in order to make feasible the development of useful software tools, we aim to enumerate alternative cross-layer architectures. Third, to make the theoretical guidelines useful in practice, theory needs to be translated into manageable cross-layer strategies. We propose the composable framework that enables flexible network evaluation and optimization. Composability is enabled by our unique technologies on applying ontology-based agent composition for multi-agent system models. The organization of the alternative cross-layer architectures can be naturally translated to an ontology knowledge base, embedded with rules and inference logic to guide cross-layer design. Finally, to analyze how cross-layer design may work with various security architectures, we impose architecture constraints in the mathematical formulation and “block” some cross-layer interactions. As a result, the designs out of such “reduced” design space will abide by the governing security architecture.

SCALABLE NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6701 Center Drive West #520
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-3318
Dr. Prachee Sharma
ARMY 07-102      Awarded: 11/21/2007
Title:Cross-Layer Architectures, Semantics and Strategies (CLASS)
Abstract:While static parameter selections may be adequate for traditional layered network architectures, contemporary mobile ad hoc networks require cross-layer parameter optimizations to maintain desired performance. Though promising, the doctrine of cross- layer designs have limited proliferation due to unknown performance gains vs complexity trade-offs, ease of implementation, portability, scalability and security vulnerability. Phase I of this SBIR will provide a tool to analyze, test, evaluate and improve cross-layer designs. A thorough analysis of existing cross-layer techniques/algorithms and implementation strategies will be done. The SBIR proposes a high level design of the CLASS tool, which takes inputs from the user about performance objectives, cross-layer design techniques/protocols to be analyzed and the target deployment environment and/or mission scenario. The proposed tool will use a combination of analytical models and simulations to evaluate the existing design; make changes to the design to improve its performance and output the cross-layer design, including the expected performance goals. The analysis will include classification of these techniques according the expected performance gains from various designs and impact of cross-layer techniques/algorithms on network security. The Phase 1 design will provide the basis for a Phase 2 implementation effort to analyze cross-layered designs for large-scale networks with tens of thousands of components.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Dr. Richard Hull
ARMY 07-103      Awarded: 2/26/2008
Title:Persistent Vigilance
Abstract:Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom clearly demonstrate the need for actionable intelligence within tactically useful timelines. ‘Actionable’ means contextually relevant to the mission; ‘tactically useful’ means timely intelligence supporting effective dynamic battle command. The DCGS-A Warfighter will have access to an unprecedented volume of intelligence data (13 PORs spanning seven intelligence domains). In addition, Army ISR data will be combined with joint service, coalition forces, national agency, mission and cultural context information. Modus Operandi proposes Persistent Vigilance, a predictive intelligence capability for unambiguous situational awareness based on intelligent semantic agents. Our objective is for multi-source exploitation to complement existing fusion applications creating a DCGS-A capability with the flexibility to support future military, humanitarian and peace keeping operations. Of critical importance is the ability to generate context sensitive intelligence products which do not overwhelm analysts and are capable of traveling the last tactical mile to disadvantaged users. To accomplish this objective, Modus Operandi will leverage existing technology and perform important research on increasing the velocity of intelligence cycles. Agent-based semantic reasoning over flattened networks is a key solution element. An existing information ontology solution and agent framework will provide the necessary foundation to semantically reason over appropriate corporate memory.

SYTRONICS, INC.
4433 Dayton-Xenia Road Building 1
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-6110
Mr. Jeff Collier
ARMY 07-103      Awarded: 2/1/2008
Title:Intelligent Software Agents for Autonomous Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Analysis
Abstract:As net-centric information becomes available to the Warfighter in ever increasing amounts and types, the risk of information overload becomes a serious problem. Tools for filtering, fusing, and analyzing data have become critical components for the effective use of ISR data. The typical strategy for dealing with the large amounts of complex ISR data is to employee additional personnel to present it to the Warfighter, but this is expensive and prone to human error. We have found that the current state-of-the-art in software agent technology should allow the use of software agents to perform the roles of gathering and presenting the information, and in some cases doing so with greater accuracy and efficiency than is possible for human operators. To validate this approach, we will create a prototype of software agents based on a service-oriented architecture (SOA) that can interface with net-centric feeds; analyze, prioritize, and filter the data; and provide it to the operator. The end result will be a set of software agents capable of assisting an operator with Tasking, Processing, Exploitation, and Dissemination (TPED) and Task, Post, Process, and Use (TPPU).

AMERICAN GNC CORP.
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Dr. Jensen Lin
ARMY 07-104      Awarded: 12/4/2007
Title:Real-Time Ultra Resolution Navigation System (ReTURNS)
Abstract:The U.S. Army is looking for a low-cost navigation system with highly efficient route planning algorithm that provides real-time route planning/re-planning and is capable of deployment within the tactical and logistic vehicles in urban and suburban hostile environments. In the hostile, highly complex and often unfamiliar battle situations/terrain, it is a challenge to maintain robust communication and situational awareness for the soldiers/small operation units in urban areas as well as open fields under dense vegetation. A situational awareness navigation system that provides robust, up to date, enemy location/blockade/movements, road and terrain conditions, and real-time route planning for engagement or retreat will be an invaluable asset to the warfighters in the current and future battle space. Leveraging on AGNC’s coremicro 4D-GIS system, the coremicro Palm Navigator for GPS and GPS-denied Navigation and tracking, more than twenty years leading in Guidance, Navigation, Control & Communications (GNCC) and control software/hardware integration and development, AGNC is confident in integrating and developing the Real-Time Ultra Resolution Navigation System (ReTURNS) that will fulfill the need of the U.S. Army.

PRIMORDIAL, INC.
1835 Energy Park Drive
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 659-6762
Mr. Randy L. Milbert
ARMY 07-104      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Ground Guidance: Low Cost Tactical and Logistical Routing and Navigation
Abstract:Digital battle command and control systems such as Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) and Movement Tracking System (MTS) are wildly successful but are being deployed to only the highest priority Army vehicles due primarily to cost and budget constraints. In partnership with Comtech Mobile Datacom Corporation and Magellan Navigation Incorporated, Primordial proposes Ground Guidance, a low-cost, real-time route planning and navigation system for logistical and tactical vehicles. Ground Guidance is a low-cost alternative to FBCB2 and MTS that provides enhanced routing capabilities and real-time satellite access to shared threat and hazard databases. At a projected unit cost of $6,600, Ground Guidance can be deployed down to the last vehicle. While utilizing state of the art commercial routing algorithms, Ground Guidance is tailored specifically for military operations by providing concealed routing capabilities, support for tactical and logistical vehicle routing, dismounted and emergency routing, and integration with FalconView mission planning software. Comtech, prime contractor for MTS, manufacturers battle tested satellite transceivers and is supporting Ground Guidance by providing their state of the art MT-2012 satellite transceiver. Magellan, creators of the popular Hertz NeverLost vehicle navigation system, is enhancing Ground Guidance’s road-routing capabilities by providing their NavCreator Software Development Kit.

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY ASSOC., INC.
12530 Parklawn Drive, Suite 470
Rockville, MD 20852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 581-3266
Dr. Tom Velez
ARMY 07-105      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Connectivity, Continuity, and Data Initialization for BC Services
Abstract:This submission addresses the problem of information flow and data initialization associated with achieving Battle Command (BC) Continuity of Operations (COOPS). The highly mobile and dynamically changing environment of BC operations requires that netcentric services and applications be fully operational as quickly as possible at the quality of service (QoS) needed to successfully carry out difficult missions – in other words, federated battle decision support environments must be capable of quickly achieving a state of readiness (SoR). BC operations demand automated tools that assure federated services and applications: 1) have the right decision support initialization data to support the tasks of the target node, 2) are properly configured to meet operational objectives, 3) have needed QoS characteristics, and 4) understand the changing state of the operational system and battlespace. Computer Technology Associates, Inc. (CTA) will investigate a highly automated BC COOPS initialization/configuration concept based on Task Organization (TO) aware agents using semantically encoded, policy-based structures that specify the data requirements, constraints, and initialization parameters based on dynamically changing TO mission context. These agents will perform functions such as session management, data transformations, and application-level protocol functions needed to establish and maintain connectivity and continuity of mission operations at a specified QoS.

SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Dr. Alan J. Vayda
ARMY 07-105      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:Sousa: Composing and Conducting Battle Command Services
Abstract:Soar Technology is teaming with Drexel University to develop Sousa, a multi-agent system that assists signal officers by automating the task of composing Battle Command (BC) services into data flows and conducting the flow of data for initialization. Sousa decomposes the task into sub-tasks that are each handled by an intelligent software agent as part of a multi-agent system. The overall system interfaces to the other services on the network as a service itself. The system includes agents for monitoring the network infrastructure, the units and task organization of the forces, and the BC service infrastructure. Information from the monitoring processes is consolidated and organized in a knowledge base where the information about BC services is stored in an ontology. A composer agent uses the BC services ontology and other information in the knowledge base to design a composition of services that meets the quality of service (QoS) requirements and all other constraints. A conductor agent takes the design and executes the necessary commands on the network to create the data flow. It then checks the data requirements and directs the appropriate data to each service that needs to be initialized.

MANAGEMENT SCIENCES, INC.
6022 Constitution Avenue NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 255-8611
Dr. Carl R. Stern
ARMY 07-106      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:Probabilistic Evidential Reasoning for Collecting Signals Intelligence Data
Abstract:Management Sciences, Inc. (MSI) develops cognitive artificial intelligence tools. Cognitive reasoning is a logically constructed mathematical process that mimics the way people quickly process data into an understanding of a situation. We propose to develop a cognitive framework and toolset for processing Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) data. The architecture will have a solidly theoretical foundation with a Turing Complete Bayesian Inference Calculus for fusing data into higher and higher distillations not just collecting it. The toolset will work by using evidential fusion in combination with frames of reference to pick out important features and patterns in a track and test them against hypotheses to identify the track develop an understanding of its meaning in the context of current operations. The toolset will be used to support the work of SIGINT operators as they evaluate tracks for patterns and trends in support of the detection, identification, and tracking of potential threats.

MARK RESOURCES, INC.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
Dr. August W. Rihaczek
ARMY 07-107      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Range/Angle Radar Imaging for Non-Cooperative Combat Identification
Abstract:Only radar has the potential to identify non-cooperative ground vehicles, day and night in all weather conditions (including dust), and automatically from a significant standoff range. However, previous attempts at radar target identification have not provided the needed performance. Approaches based on range profiles are too sensitive to target orientation and configuration, and approaches based on range/Doppler imaging require too long a dwell on each target. MARK Resources proposes an alternative based on range/azimuth imaging. Ground-to-ground identification is possible with small closely spaced antennas via “cell splitting” in azimuth, which can be achieved to the needed accuracy with our new radar resolution theory and image processing technology. We propose to develop processing algorithms that measure range/azimuth positions of scatterers on a moving or stationary ground vehicle and identify the vehicle from the measurements, as well as to perform a functional design of a practical radar that can collect the required data.

METROLASER, INC.
2572 White Road
Irvine, CA 92614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Dr. Cecil Hess
ARMY 07-107      Awarded: 12/14/2007
Title:Optical System for Identification of Friend or Foe
Abstract:This proposal is for a laser-based system to discriminate between friend and foe based on the acoustic signatures of military vehicles in the battlefield. A long range, multi beam, laser Doppler vibrometer would be capable of simultaneously probing the vibrational signatures of multiple locations of the target. Measuring at multiple locations with a single system enables the measurement of moving vehicles and enhances the reliability of the data. Strategies to eliminate or mitigate the noise associated with measuring moving targets will be implemented and demonstrated during Phase I. Standoff distances of several km are possible with fiber lasers operating at the eye-safe wavelength of 1.55 ƒÝm. Measuring vibrational signals for vehicle identification has been done for several years; mainly with CO2 lasers. Here we propose strategies to develop a fieldable system in a compact configuration based on telecom optics and multiple beams along with advanced algorithms to enable measuring moving vehicles. The Phase I work will consist of both analytical and experimental work culminating in proof-of-concept experimental demonstration of signature ID of a moving target.

METRON, INC.
11911 Freedom Drive Suite 800
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 787-8700
Dr. Christopher Boner
ARMY 07-108      Awarded: 11/14/2007
Title:Multi-INT data fusion for Soft-Target Identification and Tracking (MP 66-07)
Abstract:Countering today’s asymmetric threats requires innovative technologies that automatically fuse massive amounts of data from diverse sources to discover and connect related signatures of threat entities, their activities and their support networks. Metron proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of fusing disparate sources of transactional HUMINT and COMINT data with GMTI and IMINT surveillance data to detect, track and assess High Value Individuals and their associated organizations for the Army. Metron shall leverage existing level 2/3 data fusion technologies to execute all phases: our Paladin link discovery and network detection technology as well as our PAT threat activity detection and assessment technology.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place,Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Brian Xu
ARMY 07-108      Awarded: 1/11/2008
Title:Blackboard Pattern-Enabled Integrated Intelligent Toolset
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for an automated toolset to identify and track significant persons and their organizations, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Blackboard pattern-enabled Integrated Intelligent Toolset (BIIT). BIIT is based on intelligent agents, a link analyzer, an entity association engine, an associative search engine, and Blackboard patterns, as well as our data fusion algorithms. BIIT will have unique capabilities for link and trend analysis for identification and detection of soft targets by means of HUMINT, COMINT, IMINT, and other intelligence data sources. The innovative use of unique intelligent agents, link analysis, associative search, and Blackboard patterns will enable BIIT to identify and track soft targets, and help commanders and analysts to quickly detect soft targets, and to disrupt and/or attack them. In Phase I POC will demonstrate BIIT feasibility by experiments, simulation, and performance assessment. In Phase II we will advance, code, and test the Phase I prototype, evaluate it through simulation and experiments, and validate the proof of concept toolset. We will mature the BIIT prototype software into commercial software and an automated toolset in Phase III and beyond.

FIRST RF CORP.
4865 Sterling Drive Suite 100
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Mr. Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 07-109      Awarded: 1/24/2008
Title:Blue Force Communications Compatible Antenna System
Abstract:As RF transmitters become more prevalent on US Army ground vehicles, the need for antenna systems that allow for mutual interoperability of Blue Force communications equipment and other RF systems grows in urgency. The main challenges that must be addressed for a successfully-realized system include adequate bandwidth and gain coverage as well as an understanding of the practical domain of the problem. Technologies addressing these challenges will require accurate verification from measurements and simulations of installed performance. FIRST RF has developed a broadband multi-function antenna system and an innovative beam forming technique to address each of these concerns. In support of these proposed techniques, FIRST RF engineers have designed, tested, simulated, and validated key components of the technology. Based on these results, FIRST RF has generated initial predictions of installed performance. FIRST RF investigated several radiator, integration, and beam forming techniques, providing a wide variety of technologies to be pursued in the Phase I evaluation, and for future systems. The proposed innovative solutions are practical and maximize performance and integration in order to facilitate expedited delivery to the warfighter. Prototypes and models developed in preparation for this proposal are available for immediate testing and engineering by the US Army team.

DIGITAL RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
20250 Century Blvd Suite 300
Germantown, MD 20874
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 916-5554
Dr. Ernest Seagraves
ARMY 07-110      Awarded: 2/20/2008
Title:Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) Network Detector and Traffic Analyzer
Abstract:With domestic and international acceptance of the WiMAX protocol (IEEE 802.16), we can expect high growth in future deployments. This growth will enable widespread availability of low cost, high bandwidth, mobile data communications. The 802.16 standard has been amended to 802.16e (Mobile WiMAX) that enables cellular delivery of high speed data to mobile terminals. The deployment of Mobile WiMAX changes the paradigm of cellular service by offering Voice over IP, thus unifying voice and data traffic. Government agencies responsible for collection of signal and communication intelligence will require devices to prosecute this standard. DRT proposes to develop a WiMAX Network Analyzer (WNA) capability for use in DRT software defined receivers and transceivers. The WNA would rapidly scan the bands of interest, detect valid WiMAX base-stations and mobile-stations, monitor physical and MAC layers, and monitor/analyze packet traffic. Evolution of the WNA is envisioned to provide base station capability to interrogate mobile stations and mobile capability to enable network probing. Phase I of this program will fund detailed research into the technical aspects of a WiMAX Network Analyzer architecture and enable planning for the development of a prototype unit under Phase II.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Mr. Christopher Hornberg
ARMY 07-111      Awarded: 7/29/2008
Title:Laser Activated Device Countermeasure
Abstract:Detection and countermeasure of Laser Activated Devices (LADS) in today’s battlefield is of great importance. Current optics detection technology can be extended to the LADS detection mission, but often suffer from several operational challenges. Areté Associates approach can provide rapid optics detection over a wide field of regard (FOR).

DAVID H POLLOCK CONSULTANTS, INC.
99 Kinderkamack Road Suite 301
Westwood, NJ 07675
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 722-0615
Mr. Jon Hoimes
ARMY 07-111      Awarded: 1/29/2008
Title:Optimized Laser Jam Code for Defeating Laser Activated Devices
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop laser based countermeasure techniques necessary to combine multiple pulse repetition frequencies (PRFs) each repeated for an independent amount of time into an optimized sequence which would run in the shortest amount of time. The updated pre-detonation sequence would be used in laser based countermeasure systems whose goal is to stimulate a desired response from an emplaced improvised explosive device (IED) at such a range that would significantly reduce or eliminate the lethality of the IED attacks currently plaguing coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. Upon completion of this program and thus having a technique to guide future pre-detonation sequence generation will allow for a more adaptable countermeasure system which will better protect soldiers in the field.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-0966
Mr. Colin Morrow
ARMY 07-112      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Activity Behavior Modeling Toolkit (ABMT) for Non-Traditional OPFOR (Opposing Forces)
Abstract:The objective of this effort, proposed by Radiance Technologies, Inc. and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), is to investigate and design new behavioral models, methodologies, and techniques to identify unique behavior signatures of non- traditional transnational Opposing Forces (OPFOR) and or individuals in the Operations Other Than War (OOTW) environment to assist in predicting OPFOR courses of action (COA). This effort falls into the realm of designing asymmetrical activity behavioral models that use Human Measurement and Signature Intelligence (Human-MASINT).

PROPAGATION RESEARCH ASSOC.
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3401
Ms. Susan F. Dugas
ARMY 07-113      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Novel ECCM Techniques for Ground-Based Radars
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes to develop a combination of waveforms and beamforming techniques that will mitigate both broadband noise and coherent jamming. PRA will focus the development of ECCM techniques applied to the Firefinder EQ-36 radar using the Multi-Mission Radar (MMR) Advanced Technology Objective (ATO) prototype system as a test bed. PRA will propose a suite of ECCM techniques that can either be implemented into the EQ-36 radar with slight modification or can be implemented in future radars that are designed with these ECCM techniques in mind. For coherent jammers PRA proposes to randomize the fast (intra-pulse) and slow (inter-pulse) time-waveform structure to prevent a coherent jammer from capturing the transmit pulse or dwell. PRA proposes using pseudo-orthogonal codes to randomize a combination of time, frequency, and phase. Pseudo-random pulse coding will prevent a coherent jammer from covering the signal pulse. Continuous noise and coherent jamming techniques must be treated differently due the inherent nature of these two ECM approaches. Since noise jamming is essentially a statistical process, any ECCM mitigation technique must be statistical as well. PRA proposes to use adaptive beamforming and space-time adaptive processing techniques that will use covariance information to null broadband jammers.

HITTITE MICROWAVE CORP.
20 Alpha Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 590-1112
Mr. Michael Harrell
ARMY 07-114      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Low-Cost Multi-Channel Arbitrary Waveform Generator (2007022)
Abstract:Hittite proposes to develop a high-fidelity low-cost multi-channel arbitrary waveform generator (MC-ARB) utilizing delta-sigma waveform generator (DS-WG). The MC-ARB will be developed for use in a tactical vehicles environment. Applications of the MC-ARB include targeted jamming, communications, decoys, test instrumentation. The MC-ARB will support ten wideband channels capable of being tuned anywhere in the 20-6000 MHz spectrum. Each channel supports multiple independent waveforms. The feasibility of developing a low-cost MC-ARB and control GUI will be assessed during Phase I. A prototype delta-sigma waveform generator will be demonstrated during the Phase I- Option. A prototype MC-ARB will be developed during Phase II leading to a system demonstration.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Brad Weals
ARMY 07-114      Awarded: 1/8/2008
Title:Low-Cost, Multi-Channel Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Abstract:The US Army has a need for a vehicle mounted arbitrary waveform generator to be used for research, development, and testing of various Electronic Surveillance (ES) and Electronic Warfare (EW) systems. The generator must be low-cost, multi-channel, high power, fast tuning, and capable of operation over a wide bandwidth. It must also be designed to operate from vehicle power or a battery pack, and it must be ruggedized for harsh environments, particularly for the shock and vibration associated with operation from a HMMWV. Toyon proposes to meet these requirements with a highly modular design consisting of up to 10 channel-modules and a backplane providing power and Ethernet connectivity. Each channel-module will support a fully independent, high power channel output over the entire operating band. Individual modules will have their own Flash Memory, field programmable gate array (FPGA), waveform synthesizer, up- conversion chain and set of power amplifiers (PAs). They will also be interchangeable, field replaceable, and individually configurable. Toyon is particularly well suited for the development and design of such a waveform generator due to our extensive signal processing, RF design, and prototyping experience.

TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC.
10201 Lee Highway Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 267-2300
Mr. Peter Stuckey
ARMY 07-114      Awarded: 1/8/2008
Title:Low-Cost, Multi-Channel Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Abstract:Trident will develop Broadband Arbitrary Digital GEnerator (BADGE) to support Electronic Warfare, counter IED, and other applications. Trident has developed an innovative and flexible system architecture, and will utilize key pieces of technology developed in our RADAR and SIGINT work to reduce cost and schedule risk. This approach will result in system that will meet the challenging performance and cost objectives.

GOLETA STAR LLC
24085 Garnier St
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1111
Dr. Cheng Pao
ARMY 07-115      Awarded: 1/17/2008
Title:W-Band Circular Electrically Scanned Array
Abstract:Goleta Star LLC with support from Academia, Quinstar and other supporting businesses proposes to develop a W-Band Circular Electrically Scanned Array (CESA). There are a number of alternative solutions which will be traded off in Phase I. The baseline proposed approach balances front end innovation and advanced back end processing techniques to evolve a cost-effective product for relatively small size UAV or OAV applications, with a weight goal of < 10-lbs. The target system provides 360-deg Az coverage by 60-deg El coverage, with up to 20-GHz bandwidth in the 80-100 GHz band. Radar modes of interest are Micro-Doppler MTI for hovering, SAR resolutions of 10-cm, 3-cm and 1-cm from hi speed flite, and multibeam communications. The Phase I tradeoff effort will enable the Army to select a preferred approach, from among the candidate options presented, for detailed design in the Phase I Option and development in Phase II. Limited lab testing and demonstration will be performed during the basic Phase I effort to assist in the tradeoff analysis and option formulation.

AETION TECHNOLOGIES LLC
1275 Kinnear Road
Columbus, OH 43212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 340-1835
Dr. John Josephson
ARMY 07-116      Awarded: 1/24/2008
Title:Automatically Guiding Interviews By Commonsense Abductive Principles
Abstract:Significant challenges exist related to smartly interviewing multiple people to assess eyewitness accounts and judge how truthful a source is. Aetion proposes applying a powerful form of inference called abduction to help intelligently interview multiple people and compare their corresponding answers to judge the reliability of a source. Abductive inference, or "inference to best explanation," has been intensely researched over the past twenty years. Aetion has successfully applied this approach to complex, real-world problems. Because abduction allows a high degree of abstraction, incongruous data is easily fused and intelligently analyzed. An abduction machine (software implementing an abductive inference approach) has the ability to assess the the truthfulness of a source, find potential relationships among sources, determine what statements need to be verified, and provide display support for the user.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Jonathan D. Pfautz
ARMY 07-116      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:A Tool for Assessing and Conveying Testimony Veracity (TACT-V)
Abstract:HUMINT-specialized technologies (e.g., CI/HUMINT Information Management System (CHIMS), CI/HUMINT Automated Tool Set (CHATS)) provide soldiers with tools that help them capture, disseminate and reason about the information they collect. While these tools can help identify inconsistencies in source testimony, this activity still requires time and the expertise of the HUMINT collector to effectively assess and report on source and information reliability. To enhance the collection and exploitation of tactical HUMINT, soldiers need a tool to identify, assess, and alert them to false, inconsistent, and unreliable testimony gathered from sources while they are interviewing. We propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Tool for Assessing and Conveying Testimony Veracity (TACT-V) that will allow HUMINT collectors to rapidly assess and convey the veracity and context surrounding source testimony. For this endeavor, we will leverage our vast experience in developing intelligent systems for Military Intelligence (MI) activities, and exploit our access to MI experts and HUMINT information to create a tool that that enables HUMINT collectors to detect gaps, and misinformation during the course of an interview. Also, we will leverage our experience in developing Serviced Oriented Architecture (SOA) solutions to design and demonstrate a composition of software services that are loosely coupled, extensible, and ready to integrate with current and future HUMINT support systems.

ACULIGHT CORP.
22121 20th Avenue SE
Bothell, WA 98021
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Roy Mead
ARMY 07-117      Awarded: 12/20/2007
Title:Standoff Explosives Detection
Abstract:Aculight Corporation and ITT have teamed to develop a brassboard Raman sensor technology providing a clear path to a fully integrated sensor capable of detecting trace amounts of explosives at 30+ meters. Because of the maturity of the Aculight pulsed fiber laser technology and the ITT family of Raman sensors, the time to deployment of the proposed standoff sensor desired by the Army is minimal.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4760
Dr. Dan Xiang
ARMY 07-117      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Orthogonal Spectroscopic technique Using Femtosecond Laser-Induced-Breakdown and Laser-Induced-Fluorescence for Standoff Explosive Detection
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), along with its subcontractor, Prof. James Spicer from the Johns Hopkins University, proposes to develop a novel femtosecond laser-induced-fluorescence spectroscopy (LIFS) to form an orthogonal spectroscopic system with a femtosecond LIBS for detection and identification of hazardous materials. The key innovation of our proposed approach lies in applications of the orthogonal features associated with the LIBS and LIFS to enhance the signal detection for explosives. Due to the similarity in optics and electronics of a LIFS and LIBS, the combination of a femtosecond LIFS and LIBS can take advantages of both systems, without substantially increasing the overall system’s configuration and cost.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Iouri Kompaniets
ARMY 07-118      Awarded: 1/11/2008
Title:Man-Portable Universal Real-Time Hyperspectral Sensor
Abstract:To address the Army need for a visible and near-infrared (VNIR) – short wavelength infrared (SWIR) compact hyperspectral sensor in the 400 nm to 2500 nm wavelength window (greater than or equal to 100 spectral bands) for real-time, close-range (less than 1 km), ground-to-ground and low air-to-ground battlefield reconnaissance and surveillance missions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Man-Portable Universal Real-Time Hyperspectral (MURTHY) sensor as a unique combination of a large-format staring focal-plane-array imager and a novel multispectral data processing algorithm, based on digital terrain models (DTM), line-of-sight analysis (LSA), and hyperspectral algorithms for target identification. The innovations in the MURTHY sensor will enable the system to operate in real-time mode using more than 100 spectral bands from 400 nm to 2300 nm, with further extension to 2500 nm wavelength. Computation for the hyperspectral method is applied to anomaly pixels only and allows real-time mode. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the MURTHY sensor concept and key algorithm elements by mathematical modeling and computer simulation. In Phase II POC plans to develop and test integrated hardware and software set to various nighttime devices to prove the stated concept and algorithms.

SURFACE OPTICS CORP.
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
Dr. David B. Cavanaugh
ARMY 07-118      Awarded: 12/26/2007
Title:Visible and Near Infra-Red (VNIR) – Short Wavelength Infrared (SWIR) Hyperspectral Sensor
Abstract:The Broad Band Hyperspectral Imaging (BBHSI) System will provide spectral coverage from 0.4 to 2.5 microns. The system is designed to be compact, portable and rugged for use by the warfighter. The BBHSI contains an integrated real-time hyperspectral processor which runs anomaly detection, end member, and similar other algorithms, and provides an easy and intuitive interface to the operator. The system also incorporates the ability for hyperspectral or multispectral imaging under low light level conditions.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Matthew Erdtmann
ARMY 07-119      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Monolithic SiGe SWIR Imaging Cameras
Abstract:In this project, Agiltron and RTI International propose to demonstrate low-cost, low-power, man-portable megapixel SiGe SWIR imaging cameras as a vehicle to replace more costly InGaAs imaging cameras. In Phase I, superlattices of Ge quantum dots or strained SiGe layers will be investigated for their detection performance in the SWIR band. In Phase II, leveraging the colossal investments made in the Si CMOS microelectronics industry, Agiltron and RTI will transition the proposed SiGe technology to fabricate two-dimensional FPAs with SiGe photosensitive areas monolithically integrated with Si CMOS ROIC, thus eliminating the hybrid approach of conventional InGaAs FPAs. The SiGe FPAs will be packaged into fully functional imaging cameras using Agiltron’s proficiency in optoelectronic module design, assembly, and manufacturing. The SiGe SWIR imaging cameras produced under this project will possess unprecedented price/performance metrics, and the low cost will enable widespread adoption by the military and commercial markets and open up new, disruptive markets.

APPLIED EM, INC.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
Dr. C. J. Reddy
ARMY 07-120      Awarded: 1/4/2008
Title:Body Wearable Diversity Antenna Systems for Increased Antenna Performance
Abstract:Body wearable antenna systems designed for Land Warrior/Ground Soldiers are vulnerable to signal cancellations due to multipath and higher losses . Diversity and MIMO techniques integrated with these antennas can mitigate multipath and shadowing effects to increase the overall link system gain. Under this effort, we propose several methods (switching among antennas with better reception, combining antenna with complex weights, beam shaping and beam steering, and polarization diversity) to implement diversity with novel signal processing techniques, and thus reduce signal to noise ratios to increase reception reliability for the Army’s tactical radio systems. Applied EM and its team members propose a comprehensive study to improve body wearable antennas . Techniques that mitigate multipath effects and interference are proposed. Concurrently, we will carry out experimental studies to verify the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Mr. Stephen Craven
ARMY 07-120      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Body Wearable Diversity Antenna Systems for Increased Antenna Performance
Abstract:The creation of a wearable diversity antenna system for the warfighter presents a variety of challenges. The antennas must be wearable, robust, unobtrusive, light-weight, and interface with existing and future Army radios. To effectively design these antennas simulations must include the effects of human tissue on radio propagation. The antennas must tolerate and compensate for the motion and flexing of the underlying garment. Prototype creation and testing requires specialized knowledge in wearable electronics manufacturing. Luna will evaluate multiple diversity schemes for wearable antennas, validating simulations through direct measurements of a prototype laser-cut fabric antenna. The simulations will consider the entire antenna system including human tissue. In addition to traditional diversity techniques, such as spatial and polarization diversity, field diversity, a powerful technique often neglected, will be simulated.

NANODYNAMICS, INC.
901 Fuhrmann Blvd.
Buffalo, NY 14203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 853-4900
Mr. Gregory M. Berube
ARMY 07-121      Awarded: 1/16/2008
Title:Development and Fabrication of Highly Conductive High Aspect Ratio Nanoflakes for Infrared Obscurant Applications
Abstract:Infrared obscurants are commonly used to screen soldiers and assets from enemy threat. In order to improve this countermeasure, materials superior to currently used brass and graphite flakes are required. Nano-thick metallic flakes have recently been demonstrated to achieve superior performance in terms of mass extinction, which likely will lead to a higher Figure of Merit defined by the U.S. Army. Similar metallic flakes are made at tonnage scales for demanding applications such as Electronics. The proposed SBIR project will be executed by experienced metallic flake scientists, Gregory Berube of NanoDynamics and Dr. Dan Goia at Clarkson University. A metallic flake will be developed leading to a Figure of Merit of at least four using a process allowing for easy scalability to manufacturing scale. In design of the flake, consideration will be taken toward not only selecting the right metal system, but also an organic system that allows for environmental stability of the flake while maximizing fill factor and dissemination yield. Then, the Candidate Flake will be demonstrated at a scale of at least 500 grams at a pilot plant scale while maintaining a high Figure of Merit. This pilot material will be validated by the Army through chamber testing.

SIGMA TECHNOLOGIES INTL, INC.
10960 N. Stallard Place
Tucson, AZ 85737
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 575-8013
Dr. Richard E. Ellwanger
ARMY 07-121      Awarded: 1/28/2008
Title:FABRICATION OF HIGH ASPECT RATIO Cu AND BRASS NANOFLAKES FOR IR OBSCURANT APPLICATIONS
Abstract:Development of a process to produce kg quantities of Cu and brass nanoflake material suitable for use as an IR obscurant is proposed. The process will comprise deposition of alternating layers of metal and release material on a deposition substrate, release and breakup of the metal layers into an organic carrier, and freeze dry processing of the slurried nanoflake material into a dry powder. The process will be scalable to commercial levels and characterization of the process will include a comprehensive estimation of process costs.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
ARMY 07-122      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Seismic Perimeter Monitoring System
Abstract:Maintenance of a secure perimeter around military camps is a significant problem. Visual surveillance and electronic imaging currently serve as the primary surveillance modalities. However, in using these methods, it is often extremely difficult to detect insurgents making effective use of stealth and camouflage. Seismic sensors offer an attractive alternative as they have been shown to be effective at detecting pedestrians in many circumstances and can be buried to provide hidden, unattended surveillance. However, the performance of existing seismic sensor systems is often limited by ambient noise and uncertain detection of distant footsteps. The goal of this program is development of a novel seismic monitoring system that overcomes the limitations of existing systems through the use of an innovative system architecture and data processing algorithms. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the primary features of the system and conduct a high-level design of a fully field-deployable system to be developed during Phase II.

MCQ, INC.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Barry Jones
ARMY 07-122      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Enhanced Standoff Detection of Personnel Intrusions using Seismic Sensors
Abstract:The proposed SBIR will advance the state of the art in seismic algorithms for use in unattended ground sensors (UGS) for the detection of personnel. McQ will build upon its extensive experience with seismic UGS sensors. We will use our OmniSense system as a platform for the demonstration of this advanced capability. We will start with several advanced algorithms that have already be identified and evaluated both by us and by others as a baseline. To this baseline we will add other algorithms that have not yet been evaluated. This group of detection algorithms will first be evaluated using our library of seismic data and one or more of our UGS simulator systems. Based upon the simulation results, we will then evaluate them experimentally in the field on our OmniSense UGS systems. We will also add features that will reject seismic sources that are identified by the user as nuisances or sources that are of no interest to the user through signal processing that identifies these sources their seismic signal characteristics. We will further use 3 axis geophones and a small geophone array to demonstrate the ability to reject signals from a user designated direction or area.

ANDREWS SPACE, INC.
505 5th Ave S Suite 300
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 438-0615
Mr. John Savage
ARMY 07-123      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Novel Representations of Elevation Data
Abstract:Andrews space proposes two pronged approach to reduce the size of elevation data files that need to be stored and transmitted. The first approach is a better compression algorithm that works well on discontinuous data although is less effective on smooth data. This is the opposite of traditional compression methods, which are not effective at compressing discontinuous data such as the elevation in urban terrain. This should provide high fidelity urban elevation data with a minimum file size. The second approach is an innovative way to transmit the data that will reduce by many orders of magnitude the amount of data that needs to be transmitted to and stored by a soldier or vehicle in the field. By synergy of currently available off-the-shelf components we can create an innovative system that allows transmission of the required data sets at download speeds that are well within current capabilities.

NUMERICA CORP.
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Dr. Randy Paffenroth
ARMY 07-123      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Novel Representations of Elevation Data
Abstract:With ever-increasing detail in terrain elevation data available to the Warfighter, new challenges are faced in the Battlespace for storage, transmission, and rapid display of these data. The key benefit of these more detailed data is better representation of terrain: thus, traditional approaches to compress or stream the information are generally not acceptable as these techniques typically reduce data fidelity. Accurate representations of elevation data are required for Mission Planning, Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield, and Dismount Maneuvers. All of these applications are facilitated by highly compressed, high fidelity Digital Elevation Models (DEM). Accordingly, advanced algorithms are required to compress Geographic Information System (GIS) data allowing DEM data to be transmitted, stored, manipulated, and displayed by the Warfighter to facilitate real-time Battlespace assessment. Currently available compression technologies can be quite effective at reducing image data files sizes. Such methods often do not correctly represent outliers in the data, but outliers are perhaps the most important part of a DEM data set. The precise location and elevation of local maxima are critical information for pilots and artillery units. The proposed work centers on compression schemes that accurately encode outlier information while maintaining small file sizes and efficient decompression.

CAZOODLE, INC.
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 265-0299
Dr. Zhen Zhang
ARMY 07-124      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:Web-Scale Search-based Data Extraction and Integration: Geospatial Database Generation Agents
Abstract:This proposal develops a novel Web indexing and search system for discovering geo- spatial data. It continuously crawls, extracts entities through pattern-instance searching and ranking process to update the geo-spatial database.

LINGUASTAT
784 Edgemar Ave
Pacifica, CA 94044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 324-8898
Mr. Mark Butler
ARMY 07-124      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Geospatial Database Generation Agents
Abstract:We propose to develop technology for geospatial database generation (GDBGEN) by combining six key components: 1) Use of intelligent crawling to identify and efficiently process documents on the World Wide Web relevant to a specific location or geographic feature 2) Spatio-temporal parsing using on new innovations to recognize and resolve location names and time expressions and an automated recognition engine built using conditional random fields 3) Text parsing using natural language processing to parse texts into appropriate lexical, syntactic, and semantic units to identify a wide range of descriptive features that may be expressed in tables or natural language sentences 4) A coordination component to seamlessly relate locations, times, and descriptive features to each other both within and across document boundaries into a collection of semantic “geospatial knowledge structures” 5) A reasoning component which provides a robust broad coverage framework for assigning confidence scores and selecting the best factoids from a set of potentially conflicting candidates 6) A data management layer which facilitates user interaction on multiple levels of granularity and enables discovery, visualization, and export of data using open standards.

DIGITAL FUSION
5030 Bradford Drive Building 1, Suite 210
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-8117
Dr. Michael W. Jones
ARMY 07-125      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Passive Imaging Millimeter Wave Polarimeter System
Abstract:There is currently growing interest in combining passive MMW imaging and polarimetry for various applications such as target discrimination, precipitation monitoring and improved terrain mapping. As passive systems require less power, volume, and weight than their active counterparts, they can be readily adapted to a wider range of airborne platforms. Digital Fusion Solutions, Inc., (DFS) and Trex Enterprises (Trex) propose to develop a full Stokes, passive MMW imaging polarimeter that is capable of being deployed from an airborne platform. The system is currently envisioned as a two-channel, push broom full- Stokes imaging polarimeter based on frequency scanned MMW line scanners fabricated by Trex. The two receivers will use a common collector in order to obtain common instantaneous fields-of-view (IFOVs). A preliminary system design for a deployable system will be completed during Phase I. Initial design and fabrication of a laboratory- based testbed will begin under the Phase I option. A prototype system will be fabricated and demonstrated during Phase II.

INFORMATION MACHINES INTERNATIONAL
2200 Regency Drive
Irving, TX 75062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 725-6805
Dr. Dayton Eden
ARMY 07-125      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Passive Imaging Millimeter Wave Polarimeter System
Abstract:Being able to use polarization effects while gathering imagery can mean the difference between discerning important objects and features in a scene or not. The objective of this program is to build a high utility real-time imaging system that can take passive, millimeter wave images in all four Stokes parameters, separately and simultaneously. A compact, lightweight and battery operated, millimeter wave imaging system is being developed independently. The key to this system is a staring sensor array of antenna coupled microbolometers fabricated as an integral unit. Different antenna array layouts may be used without having to change the rest of the structure. For this program, the antenna layout will represent independent Stokes vectors whose output will be digitally processed after detection. Two millimeter wave frequency bands will be considered: 75-125 GHz, and 210-350 GHz. A special, anamorphic image stabilization and object tracking software will be used to enhance the system sensitivity. Gains of a factor of ten over the basic bolometers are possible without compromising frame rate. The imaging system that houses the array is dual mode, capable of taking registered images in the infrared or visible as well as millimeter wave.

SPECIAL PROJECTS TEAM, LLC
7 HILLCREST DRIVE
SOUTH DEERFIELD, MA 01373
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 545-2136
Dr. Calvin Swift
ARMY 07-125      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Passive Imaging Millimeter Wave Polarimeter System
Abstract:The major objective of this Phase I proposal is to design a millimeter wave radiometer system that can be mounted on an airborne platform, including a UAV. This system will exhibit several advanced features. First, it will accommodate a mechanical scan unit that will develop sufficient spin to synchronize antenna rotation rate with the forward motion of the aircraft in order to image in a push broom fashion. Second, the millimeter wave receivers will be designed to measure all four Stokes parameters, with particular attention to be focused on the implementation of satisfactory calibration procedures. Finally, the process will strive to design a system that will achieve the best possible image spatial resolution without overburdening the UAV resources of size, weight, and power.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Mr. Patrick A. Toole
ARMY 07-126      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Optimal Intervisibility Site Selection
Abstract:Optimal placement of multiple sensors is an important part of the contemporary battlefield, however the computational challenge increases exponentially with the number of sensors considered in the problem. Global search techniques such as Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithms have been employed with success against such problems. Toyon proposes to develop and compare two optimization methods, Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithm to provide a timely near-optimal multiple sensor placement solution. By leveraging the Geospatial Analysis and Planning Support (GAPS) Toolbox, Toyon begins from an operationally deployed GIS application with an optimization module already developed. This proposal presents case study results for the existing Simulated Annealing approach and three techniques that show promise in minimizing the time to achieve a solution. Our Genetic Algorithm approach utilizes efficient storage and processing techniques that show promise with initial testing. Phase I deliverables will include a demonstration of the visibility optimizers against 1200 x 1200 cell urban and rural terrains, comparison results, and a standalone executable. Phase II will advance the optimization method and develop the capability as a web service application capable of interfacing with the Commercial Joint Mapping Toolkit environment.

IMPACT COMPUTING CORP.
606 Burnt Mills Avenue
Silver Spring, MD 20901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 593-2350
Mr. Hyam Singer
ARMY 07-127      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Spatio-Temporal Dynamics (STD) Data Model
Abstract:The proposed innovative research represents geographic dynamics in spatio-temporal data models, positing that spatio-temporal data are samples of geographic dynamics and that understanding the drivers and outcomes of these dynamics is the ultimate goal of a spatio-temporal GIS. Our proposed expressive data model and enabling algorithms make it possible to query, analyze, understand, and predict with increasing accuracy how activities, events and processes manifest across space and time, so as to extract meaningful information and synthesize actionable intelligence. Impact Computing proposes development of an open source implementation of the Spatio-Temporal Dynamics (STD) data model, based on the pioneering work and research of Dr. May Yuan of the University of Oklahoma. Through its component-based architecture, our STD module may serve as an extension to existing GIS databases and tools, thereby facilitating integration with existing DoD systems and frameworks. Key innovations of the STD data model and research include: 1. a comprehensive ontology for activities, events, processes and states that emphasizes change, history, movement, and mutation; 2. the conceptual abstraction of activities, events and processes, distinct from entities or objects; 3. innovative application of dynamic time warping and other spatio-temporal analytical techniques to support similarity, behavior, and relationship queries

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5223
Dr. Margaret Lyell
ARMY 07-127      Awarded: 11/14/2007
Title:Spatio-temporal Data Modeling using Formal Ontology Technology
Abstract:Developments in net centric applications, location aware computing and sensor network deployment have resulted in awareness that data modeling which can support applications having entities and events with spatio-temporal aspects that are subject to change must be further developed. Diverse, though scattered or narrowly focused, recent research efforts have noted the importance of going beyond the traditional Entity- Relationship model and incorporating semantics into the modeling. The significance of the opportunity is that if an appropriate data model that incorporates the spatio-temporal aspects of entities and associated events is developed: (1) computer aided software engineering (CASE) tools can incorporate the primitives for the enhanced data modeling, (2) appropriate query language extensions may be developed and (3) guidance may be given to application designers. We propose to develop a data model that incorporates spatial and temporal aspects into entity and associated event data through the innovative use of formal logic-based ontology technology. In developing the spatio-temporal data model, our effort will be informed by existing standards / specifications from the Open Geospatial Consortium.

TECHNOVA CORP.
3927 Dobie Road
Okemos, MI 48864
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 485-9583
Dr. Anagi Balachandra
ARMY 07-128      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes into Materials with High Compressive Strengths
Abstract:Functionalization techniques will be developed to enhance the dispersion, interfacial interactions and reinforcement efficiency of carbon nanotubes and other graphite nanomaterials within hydraulic cements and ceramics. The project focuses on covalent functionalization techniques which preserve the structure and properties of nanomaterials, provide control over the degree of funcitonalization, and are scalable, energy-efficient, and economically and environmentally viable. Fluorination followed by derivative reaction, free radical and reductive functionalization techniques will be particularly emphasized. A key consideration in the project is to introduce inorganic nanoparticles upon functionalized nanomaterials (via in-situ synthesis or self-assembly) to enhance the interactions between nanomaterials and the inorganic matrix via chemical reaction and interdiffusion. The Phase I research will develop a theoretical framework to guide selection of the type and degree of functionalizaiton. Selected functionalization techniques will then be developed, and their impact on the structure and surface chemistry of nanomaterials will be investigated. Promising functional groups will be used as the base for synthesis or assembly of selected inorganic nanoparticles upon nanomaterials for effective interactions with representative groups of hydraulic cements and ceramics. Dispersions of functionalized nanomaterials (with or without tethered nanoparticles) will be homogenized together with dispersions of cement or ceramic particles, and will be consolidated and processed under pressure via moist curing or sintering. The resulting inorganic matrix nanocomposites will be subjected to laboratory tests for assessment of their structure, mechanical performance, and thermal and electrical characteristics. The competitive position of these nanocomposites will be assessed against conventional (micro-scaled) ceramic and cement composites, and potentially viable fields of applications will be identified. The follow-up Phase I Option will identify and screen strategies to refine the functionalization techniques for further improvement of the reinforcement efficiency of carbon nanotubes and other graphite nanomaterials within hydraulic cements and ceramics.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Mr. Rock Rushing
ARMY 07-128      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes into Materials with High Compressive Strengths
Abstract:High-strength concrete is vital in most fixed protective structures and ceramics are likewise critical for the containment of blast fragments and bullet penetrators. Concrete and ceramics exhibit mechanically brittle behavior due to their microstructure. The utilization of carbon nanotubes as reinforcements for concrete and ceramic materials has been limited, in part, because of their inherent hydrophobic character. Typical approaches to increase the hydrophilic nature of carbon nanotubes include functionalization through oxidation and/or reaction with reactive species. Many of these techniques for CNT�s can result in degradation of sidewall integrity and reductions in mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of the nanotubes. TRI-Austin has identified an approach that will address both the issues of matrix compatibility and improved adhesion of carbon nanotubes in inorganic matrix materials such as concrete and ceramics. This approach is based on the mechanisms of adhesion resulting from helical wrapping and covalent attachment of carbon nanotubes with inorganic macromolecules. TRI-Austin will be teaming with a leading producer of carbon nanotubes that has multiple pilot plants and commercial demonstration units for the production of nanotubes. CNT�s have the potential to increase the mechanical properties, including fracture toughness, of inorganic composites by inducing fiber pull-out and bridging, interfacial debonding, crack deflection and pinning effects during fracture . These improvements will potentially affect the ability to design lighter weight structural concretes and ballistic armors.

LEAMGROUP, INC.
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 841-5935
Mr. Jeff Terstriep
ARMY 07-129      Awarded: 10/18/2007
Title:Next Generation Urban Encroachment Model
Abstract:A key concern for military installations is the increasing urban growth in their vicinity and its effect on mission requirements and regional sustainability goals. Mission requirements can be compromised by encroaching land uses as neighboring communities grow and prosper as the economies in the surrounding communities grow, the benefits of retaining military lands can be obscured. This research will look at how to best simulate future growth of transportation networks based on land use and traffic demands. Using LEAM, a spatial dynamic modeling tool used to simulate future land use change and associated impacts, it is possible to generate the potential future land use demand. This project will explore the feasibility of developing a new urban encroachment model that couples LEAM with a transportation network growth model to identify potential threats of urban encroachment around installations. Research included in this proposal will include review of current transportation network growth models and development of a prototype model that will interact with the LEAM land use model. This new urban encroachment model would provide a means of preemptively identifying future encroachment that would negatively impact the Army's training and testing missions.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Dr. Dinakar Ramadurai
ARMY 07-130      Awarded: 11/6/2007
Title:Microcontainment System for Photolytically Induced Delivery of Biocide Against Biological Agents
Abstract:Currently there is no real-time technology to reliably neutralize biological and chemical agents. Conventional technologies require several hours for decontamination of surfaces either through manual spraying or scrubbing. We propose to design, fabricate and test a user-friendly, low-logistical-load photolytically triggered microcontainment system capable of rapid neutralization of biological and chemical agents with high sensitivity and specificity for all classes of bioagents – bacterial spores, viruses, vegetative bacteria, and bacterial toxins – and many chemical agents. The sensors developed will be easily used within HVAC systems, military facilities and building infrastructures. They will be low-power, have low-logistical-loads (i.e., reagents and consumables), and will allow the quantification of the neutralizing efficiency (“kill ratio”). They will also enable automated remote response and the automated refreshing of biocide carriers. They will be implemented using planar microfabrication and microfluidic techniques without any moving parts and will be augmented with polymeric nanocapsule technology and optoelectronic techniques. They will incorporate three different techniques for neutralizing biological agents: (1) the encapsulation of biocide within lipid nanoparticles, (2) the use of multifunctional oxide particles for high efficiency decontamination, and (3) the triggered release of encapsulated biocides through embedded photolytic compounds.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Shi-Hau Own
ARMY 07-130      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Encapsulated Biocidal Coatings for Decontamination of HVAC Systems
Abstract:Current technologies used for neutralization of biological warfare agents (BWA) can be effective to clean exposed facilities, however have major obstacles. Following the anthrax mail scare in 2001, certain buildings and offices were closed for months pending cleanup. To neutralize these sites, poisonous chlorine dioxide gas was pumped through building heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems for about nine hours, followed by another four hours removing the gas from the system. It was estimated that up to $1 billion was spend on the decontamination effort. New methods need to be developed that can decontaminate immediately upon detection of agent detection to eliminate this health, time, and cost burden. Luna Innovations proposes to develop a novel encapsulated biocidal coating that will be able to deliver on-demand biocides to neutralize spores, bacteria, and viruses within seconds of detection. This technology will ensure the protection of personnel and increase the readiness of buildings and other facilities after a biological attack.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Subrata K. Das
ARMY 07-131      Awarded: 11/14/2007
Title:Hierarchical Analysis, Reasoning, and Visualization of Events in Space and Time (HARVEST)
Abstract:The Army's Distributed Common Ground Systems (DCGS-A) promises to unite hundreds of different data sources into a common operational database. What is needed is a means of analyzing many complex, overlapping data sources, particularly those with spatial and temporal elements. Here, we propose Hierarchical Analysis, Reasoning, and Visualization of Events in Space and Time (HARVEST) to carry out spatio-temporal analysis of asymmetric threats. We combine Bayesian hierarchical models with a new class of spatio-temporal covariance functions that allow us to detect hidden spatio-temporal interaction patterns and model asymmetric spatio-temporal processes. Hierarchical modeling gives us the tools needed to combine a large number of distinct data sources, all from different spatial and temporal scales, into a unified model for prediction. But to deal with asymmetric threats we move beyond conventional approaches in order to analyze far more complex spatio-temporal processes than can be detected by traditional statistical methods. And we move cutting-edge theoretical statistics into a modeling framework that can handle complex, messy real-world data. This modeling framework will provide military analysts with tools needed to effectively assess asymmetric threats and to automate the monitoring of incoming data by using dynamically updated models to generate alerts regarding potential threats.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 682-1735
Ms. Jessica Bradley
ARMY 07-131      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Geospatial Temporal Evidential Reasoning System (GEO-STEERS)
Abstract:Our approach, termed the GeoSpatial Temporal Evidential Reasoning System (GEO- STEERS), is comprised of three key steps termed: Network Formulation, Network Testing, and Network Evaluation. In combination, these three steps provide the capabilities to discover relationships, patterns and connections between diverse sources of geospatial and/or temporal data, understand the enemy’s actions, and improve battlespace awareness. This is accomplished by identifying important geospatial and temporal relationships, predicting significant events in the battlefield, and continuously improving the quality of our geospatially enabled predictive models through an advanced data association technique. Our solution will provide the capability to identify key geospatial entities (events, persons, locations, organizations or objects) from structured and unstructured data. We will also provide the ability to quantitatively evaluate many combinations of horizontal and vertical relationships between suspect and non-suspect entities. The tool will also include a hypothesis management capability that can handle large, computationally complex relationships and interaction, and a continuous searching capability that dynamically evaluates new possible relationships between events as new data is observed. Finally, the Phase II GEO-STEERS salutation will be completely integrated with ESRI’s ArcGIS for visualization of the relationship information and predictive models accessible from the leading commercial GIS software package.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Mr. G. Scott Valentine
ARMY 07-132      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Automated 3-D Terrain Mission Profile Generation for CBM & Durability Analysis
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, in collaboration with the Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory of the Rochester Institute of Technology, proposes to develop and demonstrate a micro-surface terrain inferencing algorithm capability. This capability will ultimately be used within mission planning tools (Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) software) to generate 3-D terrain mission profiles with adequate level of detail to conduct meaningful vehicle durability analysis. The micro-surface terrain inferencing algorithm capability will hinge on the identification and/or development of a cost effective micro-surface terrain elevation profile collection technology that provides the required level of detail. The required level of detail will be determined through a sensitivity study of the durability analysis as a function of terrain detail. Micro-surface terrain elevation profile collected using this technology will then be used for feature extraction and terrain classification which will, in turn, enable the development of a ground truth database and the inferencing algorithms. The ground truth database will contain the relevant features for each terrain type to alleviate the need for using the collected data and minimizing storage requirements. The statistical accuracy of the inferencing algorithms will be verified and validated through comparison with collected data initially and then through comparison with information from historical vehicle test programs.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Sergey Sandomirsky
ARMY 07-132      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:Automatic Microsurface Terrain Acquisition and Modeling
Abstract:To address the Army need for innovative and cost-efficient tools for collecting microsurface terrain profiles and inferring three-dimensional microsurface terrain models for different terrain types, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Automatic Microsurface Terrain Acquisition and Modeling (AMSTAM) system. This proposed system is based on two innovations: 1) noninvasive differential laser triangulation sensors measuring microsurface terrain profiles along with soil strength, and 2) software providing an ArcGIS-compatible two dimensional spectral representation of microsurface terrain models for major terrain types. The innovation in profilometry will enable the AMSTAM system to quickly and efficiently collect microsurface terrain elevation data and create an ArcGIS-compatible database. The second innovation will create terrain roughness models for major terrain types, which is needed for BTRA mission planning and vehicle durability analysis. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the AMSTAM prototype by field testing and data collection. In Phase II POC plans to complete software development for terrain modeling in the BTRA-CJMTK environment and will conduct required field observation to characterize major terrain types.

ALICO SYSTEMS, INC.
2461 W. 205th Street, STE B105
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 781-9503
Mr. Ward A. Holdrege
ARMY 07-134      Awarded: 5/2/2008
Title:Small Aperture X-Band Antenna (SAXBA)
Abstract:Currently there is no affordable military band on-the-move non-line-of-sight (NLOS) or beyond-line-of-sight (BLOS) communications capability available for land vehicles, helicopters, boats or small UAVs. The current state-of-the-art in Satellite-On-the-Move (SOTM) terminals for Blue Force Tracking (BFT) application is the unit deployed for OIF/OEF which provides 2.4 Kbps utilizing a commercial L-band satellite. The key goals of this project is to develop a low cost, military band, high data rate (> 16 Kbps) on-the- move (OTM), small footprint (< 1 cubic foot) satellite terminal which supports Blue Force Tracking (BFT), situation awareness (SA), and C2 missions. We have investigated the DoD satellite offerings and believe that the X-band Wideband Gap Filler Satellite (WGS) provides the optimum capability to support small aperture on-the-move terminals. Our proposed design will support WGS X-band. In the interim these terminals will also support XTAR a commercial X-band service provider with operational capability available today. Alico Systems proposed approach is based on utilizing low cost beam steering antenna technology with no moving parts. An innovative approach is proposed for tracking the satellite with low cost components. Our design supports >32 Kbps forward and >8 Kbps reverse data rate on-the-move with a <0.5 cubic foot volume.

MINERVA SYSTEMS & TECHNOLOGIES
28 Warrens Way Suite 101
Portsmouth, RI 02871
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 487-6711
Dr. Kalyan Ganesan
ARMY 07-134      Awarded: 2/25/2008
Title:Small Aperture X-Band Antenna (SAXBA)
Abstract:We propose a low-cost, low-profile, electronically scanned, in both Azimuth and Elevation, X-band communications on-the-move (OTM) antenna. All electronics and power modules including MIL-1275 type power supply are enclosed inside the radome. There are no moving parts in the system. The antenna is designed to interface, using L-band, with VSAT type modems to provide the required services. In Phase I, we will develop the operational and functional specifications of the system, identify any known barriers or risks, and propose solutions to manage the risks. We will also be establishing the operational scenario for demonstrating the effectiveness of the system.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Dr. Vincent Lee
ARMY 07-135      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:Compact and Highly Sensitive MEMS Enhanced Fiber Gas Spectrometer
Abstract:Leveraging on our extensive production experience on MEMS technology and fiber optic components, AGILTRON proposes to realize a new class of gas spectrometer with built- in MEMS enhanced mid-IR tunable laser and gas filled hollow fiber as gas cell, targeted for TIC and CWA detection. Our proposed MEMS enhanced QCL based external cavity tuning laser has high output power (tens of mW) and very large wavelength tunable range (about 2 µm), which can dramatically increase the sensitivity and selectivity. Besides, a long hollow fiber coiled in small diameter can further increase sensitivity due to its long optical absorption path. Therefore, this kind of spectrometer not only has very high sensitivity but also is very lightweight, miniature in size, highly reliable and durable. The design intrinsically eliminates the requirement for optical alignment, providing excellent temperature stability and longevity. Furthermore, our designs offer advantageous attributes of quick action, lower power consumption, low cost, and withstand severe environmental conditions. In this Phase I program, state-of-the-art MEMS enhanced EC- QCL will be designed; the sensitivity increase of long hollow fiber gas cell will be further developed and demonstrated. In addition, the proposed gas spectrometer theoretical receiver operational characteristics (ROC) will be analyzed and simulated.

BLOCK MEMS LLC
64 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 480-9643
Mr. E. Robert Schildkraut
ARMY 07-135      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:MEMS Enhanced Laser Spectrometer for Ultra-sensitive Toxic Chemical Detection
Abstract:Block MEMS, LLC proposes the development of an ultra high sensitivity MEMS enhanced, tunable diode laser spectrometer. With the aid of micro-electromechanical (MEMS) components, this spectrometer should achieve a size of <1800 cm3 while exhibiting sensitivities greatly exceeding the current JCAD specification, but with very low false alarm rate. It should exhibit extremely favorable Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves compared to current IMS or SAW point detection devices. While primarily for chemical detection, the unit should also be capable of biological cueing/detection consistent with current spectral data. The unit could also be adapted to serve as a moderate range (from 10 to 50 meters) standoff detector at somewhat larger size, weight, and power The approach combines several variable frequency Quantum Cascade Lasers operating in the 2-14 µm infrared (IR) “fingerprint” region. The unit can also measure some Mie scatter parameters which would help detection of biological aerosols. The Block approach further seeks to optimize the cost/benefit parameter by first analyzing the optimal spectral discrimination regions which differentiate among toxic species and between toxic species and military or other interferents. Through more efficient use of the spectral discrimination information, we expect further increase in the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR).

TRANSLUME
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6330
Dr. Philippe Bado
ARMY 07-135      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Field-deployable, small, ultra-sensitive, battery-powered laser spectrometer for toxic chemical detection
Abstract:Using our proprietary and proven technique for machining fused silica, we propose to manufacture robust and stable hybrid fiber-waveguide tunable lasers. These hybrid lasers will be integrated into field-deployable, high-sensitivity, miniature, infrared laser spectrometers capable of performing real-time measurements of a wide range of chemical toxics. Broad IR coverage will be obtained through non-linear mixing of two or more hybrid sources. Unlike present commercial system, the tunable IR laser source will be fully waveguided. This design approach will provide exceptional robustness. Wavelength tuning, bandwidth control, synchronization, and wavelength monitoring functionalities will be implemented using waveguided elements and MEMS elements imbedded deep inside fused silica substrates. These energy efficient spectrometers will run on standard batteries without outside power sources.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6329
Dr. Steven Cordero
ARMY 07-136      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:A Field Rugged Multi-Agent Colorimetric Sensor Array
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop a field-rugged, colorimetric indicating armband that is capable of detecting multiple TICs and CWAs, at low concentrations, in adverse environments. The proposed sensor array will detect threatening chemical agents and provide a visual readout within minutes of coming in contact with the agent or agents. Rapid detection is essential so that warfighters and other military personnel can recognize a threat and don protective gear. The innovative process that will allow the sensor array to overcome the drawbacks of current colorimetric technologies is that the colorimetric indicators will be immobilized in cross-linked polymers. As a starting point for this project, IOS will use its proprietary repertoire of CWA-sensitive colorimetric polymers that were developed for a fiber optic-based chemical warfare agent sensing system currently in "beta test" deployment. Our novel polymers have many advantages as a support medium, including a low glass transition temperature (broad operating range), no swelling by water (immersible in water without impact on performance), excellent permeation of target agents (fast detection), flexible and rugged containment of indicators (robustness and longevity), and ease of manufacturing (amenable to miniaturization).

K&M ENVIRONMENTAL, INC.
2557 Production Road
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 431-2260
Dr. Edward Locke
ARMY 07-136      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Technology for Detection of Chemicals in Extreme Environmental Conditions
Abstract:With increasing threats to war-fighters and first responders, each individual serving in these roles needs the capability to respond to a wide range of unpredictable conditions. One of these conditions is the presence of toxic chemicals. The technologies for the detection of toxic chemicals can be broken into two general groups: 1. simple-to-use colorimetric paper (such as pH paper or M8 paper), and 2. complex electronic devices (such as the JCAD – the Joint Chemical Agent Detector). Colorimetric paper is simple enough for use by every war-fighter or first responder, but it is not rugged enough for regular field use and responds poorly to relevant agent vapor concentrations. Some electronic devices are designed for field use, but their complex operation, high power demand, high cost and bulkiness make them impractical for use by a large number of war- fighters or first responders. Clearly the need exists for a device to bridge the gap between these two technologies. In this work, new colorimetric sensor chemistries will be developed and validated for performance under harsh environmental conditions and after immersion in salt or freshwater. Sensitivity targets consist of colorimetric response to PEL in 15 minutes or less and one-half IDLH responses in 5 minutes or less.

NUMERICA CORP.
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Dr. Randy Paffenroth
ARMY 07-137      Awarded: 2/14/2008
Title:Passive Angle Tracking in a Distributed Sensor Environment
Abstract:In the modern electronic warfare environment, a network-centric tracking system will have to function in a variety of jamming scenarios. The coordinated use of multiple distributed sensors by network communication has the potential to substantially improve track state estimates, associated feature and attribute estimates, and combat identification (CID) of targets, even in the presence of enemy countermeasures. The improvement is primarily due to geometric diversity, complementary sensor information, and different coverage areas and these effects are precisely those that are particularly desirable for tracking problems involving passive angle measurements. With respect to tracking, multiple target tracking methods divide into two broad classes, namely single frame and multiple frame methods.The performance advantage of the multiple frame methods over the single frame methods follows from the ability to hold difficult decisions in abeyance until more information is available or, equivalently, the opportunity to change past decisions to improve current decisions. Accordingly, the focus of this effort will be the interaction of ECM scenarios with advanced multi-target, multi-sensor multiple frame tracking algorithms and to provide network-centric processing of passive angle measurements.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Dr. Mahendra K. Mallick
ARMY 07-137      Awarded: 2/27/2008
Title:Robust Passive and Active Track Fusion in a Distributed and Decentralized Architecture
Abstract:This proposal addresses the problem of angle-only tracking of multiple jammer strobes in 3D by a distributed network of passive sensors with decentralized track processing. The challenges are (1) to develop robust algorithms for signal and/or data processing to associate measurements unambiguously from one sensor to others in the network (that is, “deghost” the possible intersections of jammer strobes), (2) to associate and track for various sensor/target geometries, (3) to be insensitive to data timeliness, and (4) to transition to single-unit tracking where feasible. We propose to develop robust algorithms and software by leveraging on Toyon’s existing multiple-hypothesis tracking (MHT) framework for 3D passive tracking and fusion of passive tracks in a distributed sensor network. For the passive tracking problem, we shall develop range-parameterized extended Kalman filter algorithms and software in MHT using the modified spherical polar coordinates (MSC). We shall add a number dynamic models using the MSC to the interacting multiple model component of MHT to handle maneuvering targets. Initially, we shall demonstrate track-to-track fusion of active and passive tracks using the convex combination algorithm and information filter.

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
Dr. C. Allen Butler
ARMY 07-138      Awarded: 2/12/2008
Title:Radar Video Manual Measurement Extraction
Abstract:In this proposed Phase-I SBIR project, we will investigate, develop, and demonstrate the feasibility of generic techniques and methods for characterizing the errors associated with manual sensor measurement extraction in a variety of processing environments that have manual tracking capability. Our technical approach will be based on a combination of mathematical and statistical techniques to handle manual measurements under several different settings. These techniques will include operator-input calibration testing, bias estimation, target echo extraction, Kalman filtering and smoothing, and a method of information extraction we refer to as pseudo-measurement. We will refer to our proposed collection of algorithmic methods and techniques as the Radar Video Manual Measurement Extraction (RVMME) System. We recognize that this system will need to be configured to the particular processing environment of interest. The Phase-I development and feasibility study will demonstrate the potential effectiveness of the RVMME system and lead to Phase-II development of a working prototype for incorporation into a specific decentralized, distributed sensor track processing environment, to be identified in consultation with the sponsor.

DIGIRAY CORP.
317 Hartford Rd.
Danville , CA 94526
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 838-1510
Dr. Richard D. Albert
ARMY 07-139      Awarded: 10/29/2007
Title:Portable Digital Field Panoramic x-ray
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a panoramic, field portable, motionless, laminographic x-ray machine for medical analysis of soldiers with head injuries resulting from military battle. The scanning x-ray source is located near the head of the soldier and the divergent x-ray beam passing through the head is detected by an array of 64 detectors at some distance from it. All detectors acquire data simultaneously at different angles. Data are digitized and then stored and processed in a laptop computer. The final processed x-ray data are presented layer-by-layer at the display of the laptop. All 1000 layers (slices) are acquired in less than a minute and processed in less than 2 minutes. The image slices thus obtained have a spatial resolution of greater than 7 line pairs per mm, resolution in the third dimension less than 8 mils, and contrast sensitivity less than 2 parts per 1000. High contrast is largely due to reduced scatter as a result of the reverse geometry. The x-ray source, c-arm and detector array are designed so that each can be carried by a single person, and their assembly is made fast and simple.

STELLAR MICRO DEVICES
2020 Centimeter Circle
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 997-7782
Dr. Leonid D. Karpov
ARMY 07-139      Awarded: 10/17/2007
Title:Portable Digital Panoramic X-ray Imaging System
Abstract:A portable digital panoramic X-ray imaging system will be developed using strips of electronically addressable X-ray sources arranged in a canister-like system with strips of digital X-ray detectors. The system will be able to provide both panoramic X-ray and digital tomographic images with no moving parts. The system will run off of HUMVEE and other standard power sources and have a total weight of under 45 lbs. It will be field rugged and have self-shielding features to protect medical personnel from radiation exposure even in close quarters.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mr. Jeremiah Slade
ARMY 07-140      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:Electrotextile Based Intelligent Hand Warmer
Abstract:During cold weather operations tasks requiring manual dexterity can become significantly more difficult as the drop in temperature causes capillaries in the fingers to rapidly contract, decreasing skin blood flow and leading to stiff, sore fingers. Infoscitex Corporation (IST) is proposing to address this problem by developing an intelligent electrically heated fingerless glove that is specifically designed to keep the fingers both unencumbered and warm. This system will contain a network of highly flexible electrotextile resistive heating elements. The path that these elements take within the glove will be chosen to maximize the efficient transfer of heat to the blood as it travels out to the fingers. This will allow the fingers to be left uncovered. By using electrotextile materials for the bus bar and heating elements rather than conventional wires IST will significantly improve system comfort and flexibility. The heating system will be controlled by a flexible power supply that is able to maximize user comfort and minimize power usage by regulating its output based on the ambient temperature. The end result will be a lightweight system that is able to keep the wearer’s fingers warm and dexterous even when working in sub-freezing conditions for extended periods of time.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Lenka Stepan
ARMY 07-140      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:Heated Arm Sleeve for Forearm, Palm, and Wrist Heating to Maintain Dexterity
Abstract:To address the Army need for a lightweight, ruggedized, nonflammable, low-power device to maintain dexterity in resting individuals conducting cold weather operations, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Heated Arm Sleeve (HAS). This proposed device is based on a layered system consisting of heating elements, insulation, and a temperature control subsystem integrated into a fingerless sleeve to directly warm the forearms, palms, and wrists. The low-power convenient HAS will maintain fine-motor dexterity in resting individuals by heating the muscles essential to dexterity. The HAS will perform for over 4 hours on a single 12 V battery, and can be integrated into military gear via a Snapnet connector, making it an easy-to-use, ruggedized device for resting military personnel as well as those performing tasks in the field. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the HAS by simulation and testing on tissue phantoms with thermal properties similar to those of human tissue such as polyacrylamide. In Phase II we plan to develop a wearable prototype HAS and demonstrate its effectiveness on human volunteers.

CHROMOLOGIC LLC
2275 E. Foothill Blvd
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 356-9247
Dr. Naresh Menon
ARMY 07-141      Awarded: 10/16/2007
Title:Human Hydration Status Monitor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a non-invasive, rapid, field-deployable and inexpensive hydration status monitoring technology, ChromoLogic proposes to develop a new Ocular Hydration Monitor (OCHYMO). OCHYMO is based on measuring the plasma omolality by non-invasively measuring the osmolality of the aqueous humor. The unique optical and medical expertise of ChromoLogic scientists and collaborators will result in an innovative, non-invasive approach to measure the osmolality of the aqueous humor in a miniature, compact package. The robust measurement modality of OCHYMO will result in accuracies consistent with the gold standard in measuring hydration status, namely, invasive plasma osmolality measurements. Furthermore, OCHYMO measurement will be independent of physical posture, skin temperature/moisture. In Phase I ChromoLogic will demonstrate the feasibility of the OCHYMO technology by building a hand-held prototype ideally intended for pre-mission hydration measurements by troop leaders and medics. In Phase II, ChromoLogic plans to develop multiple OCHYMO prototypes, including a miniature ambulatory unit for non-invasive, continuous hydrations status monitoring.

MEDISYN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6109 Blue Circle Drive Suite 1000
Minnetonka, MN 55343
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 475-8092
Mr. David Land
ARMY 07-142      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:Development of Improved Therapeutics for Local and Systemic Inflammation
Abstract:Inflammation has been implicated in the etiology of many pain disorders and diseases including myalgia, arthralgia, tendonitis and dental and bone irritation. In the U.S., patients spend approximately USD $3 billion each year on over-the-counter drugs. NSAIDs possess anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities, and are therefore widely used to treat acute and chronic inflammatory disorders. Nevertheless, these agents are limited by toxicity to the GI system and increased cardiovascular risks. Therefore, this Phase 1 effort will identify novel compounds that possess both anti-inflammatory and pain mitigation activity without adverse effects using molecular topology (MT). MT is a mathematical approach used to characterize the molecular topological signature responsible for biological activity in compounds. Once the molecular signature responsible for anti-inflammatory activity has been identified, chemical databases will be screened to identify other compounds not known to possess anti-inflammatory activity. Activity of compounds will be measured using in vitro potency assays specific for COX-1, COX-2 and 5-LOX inhibition. The anticipated results from this Phase 1 effort are novel compounds in new chemical classes with favorable anti-inflammatory activity as demonstrated by an IC50 of COX-2 and 5-LOX of between 1 micromolar and 10 micromolar.

PLX PHARMA, INC.
8285 EL RIO, SUITE 130
HOUSTON, TX 77054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 842-1249
Dr. Upendra Marathi
ARMY 07-142      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:PC-NSAIDs: Gastrointestinal-safe and potent anti-inflammatory drugs
Abstract:Contrasting in vitro and in vivo systems will be used to evaluate the anti- inflammatory/analgesic activity and side-effects of a family of phosphatidylcholine (PC) – associated NSAIDs. Previous studies indicate that PC-NSAIDs have equivalent and/or enhanced therapeutic activity while GI ulceration/bleeding is remarkably reduced. Dr. Susan Carlton’s lab will measure the effect of our test NSAIDs (PC-NSAID vs unmodified NSAIDs) on calcium signaling of rodent dorsal root ganglia cells in response inflammatory mediators. Her lab also will electrophysiologically measure the effect of test NSAIDs on nociceptive C-fiber activity of a rodent skin-nerve preparation. Dr. Catherine Ambrose will investigate the effect of the test NSAIDs on growth/apoptosis of human osteoblasts in culture. During the Option period, Dr. Lenard Lichtenberger’s lab will utilize a rodent model of adjuvant-induced joint inflammation that provides information on the anti- inflammatory/analgesic activity of the test NSAIDs and their ability to induce GI ulceration/bleeding. The synovial fluid eicosanoids will be measured by HPLC/MS. Dr. Carlton also will evaluate the anti-inflammatory/analgesic activity of PC-NSAIDs using a rodent hindlimb incision model. In Phase II we plan to expand our in vivo evaluation of PC- NSAIDs using an array of rodent model systems available in the labs of the Co- Investigators.

VCRSOFT LLP
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 652-3190
Dr. VC Ramesh
ARMY 07-143      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:HL7 V3 Interface Engine
Abstract:The FHIE/BHIE initiative links DoD AHLTA with VHA Vista. The existing architecture is based on HL7 V2.x. We propose a method for migrating this architecture to the HL7 V3 RIM and the HL7 V3 CDA (rel 2). The proposed approach retains the core components of the FHIE architecture while replacing only the messaging adapters that are needed to enable this migration. In addition, we propose to explore both COTS tools such as Oracle HTB and open-source tools such as Mayo LexGrid for creation of such adapters. Finally, we propose to study other initiatives such as the Spartanburg center for potential synergies.

EIGENT TECHNOLOGIES
10 Cindy Lane
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 673-0402
Mr. Robert Warner
ARMY 07-144      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Automated Identification Technology System (AIT) to Identify, Track and Monitor the Condition of Medical Supply Items from Point of Origin to End User
Abstract:At the present time there is no system to monitor the progress of medical shipments to and within the combat theater other than those pallets that are tagged with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags in compliance with the current DoD mandate for tagging pallets and cases. Full implementation of the DoD mandate to tag all pallets and cases of Class VIII (Medical) materiel is not expected to occur before 2008. The DoD mandate not withstanding, most Class VIII shipments are of less than pallet or case quantity and therefore are not subject to this requirement. Many of these medical shipments are time sensitive and are often subject to damage from rough handling and/or environmental exposure. Very often the timely delivery of these items, in good condition, is necessary to save human life or limb or to alleviate human suffering. An AIT enabled system is required to provide tracking/in-transit visibility of less than pallet/case quantity medical shipments from the point of origin, or from an intermediate shipping point such as a military medical depot, to the point of use. The selected technology should require minimal human intervention and monitor the condition of sensitive medical shipments in transit. At a minimum, sensors will be needed to monitor and report temperature, humidity, vibration and/or shock. Early notification of possible damage to essential medical materiel can facilitate the shipment of a replacement item even before the ultimate consignee receives the damaged material. The successful system needs to be capable of being integrated into the Defense Medical Logistics system(s).

INFINID TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
975 E. Green Street
Pasadena, CA 91106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 793-2019
Dr. Barry Ambrose
ARMY 07-144      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Ad hoc Networked Tags (ANT) for Active RFID
Abstract:The US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (MRMC) needs a new Automated Identification system to track and monitor the condition of medical supply items from point of origin to end user. InfinID Technologies, Inc. proposes a new system for item tagging called Ad hoc Networked Tags (ANT), based on the use of active RFID tags that self- organize to create a reliable communications network for interrogation of many closely packed medical items, even in the presence of sources of interference such as metal, liquid and cardboard. In addition, the ANT RFID tag has an open sensor bus to allow a wide variety of sensors to be attached to the tag. Because each tag is both a transmitter and a receiver, the system can be made very secure by incorporating two-way “challenge-response” encryption protocols to ensure tag IDs are genuine and the system is not being spoofed. For medical supply tracking, the robustness and security of the system would ensure virtually 100% read rates with 100% security. The ANT RFID system allows alarm indications to be logged and/or sent to a central monitoring station if any medical supplies are subject to extreme conditions (heat, humidity, vibration or shock).

VERDASEE SOLUTIONS, INC.
Suite 300e, 3000 Cabot Blvd., West
Langhorne, PA 19047
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 909-9303
Mr. Harry B. James
ARMY 07-145      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:A Compact, Rugged, Mobile Automated Identification Technology Integrated Warehouse Scanning System for use in a Military Deployed Environment
Abstract:VerdaSee Solutions will design a portable inventory control system that will use portable computing technology, ad hoc network technology, RFID (UHF class 1 gen 2) technology, and bar code technology to address the needs as defined by the Army in the SBIR.

HSTAR TECHNOLOGIES
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
Dr. John Hu
ARMY 07-146      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:An Advanced Medical Robotic System Augmenting Healthcare Capabilities
Abstract:Hstar proposes an advanced mobile robotic nurse assistant (RoNA) system for augmenting nurses’ health care capabilities in a hospital environment with physical assistance. The RoNA system must a) navigate intelligently in hospital environments with a mobile holonomic drive, b) support an intuitive interface guided by human-robot interaction and work safely and robustly, c) perform well in direct control by the nurse and via telepresence operation, and d) provide dexterous manipulation and sufficient strength to lift/ move patients and heavy loads (up to 300lbs). No robotic system currently exists that would meet all of these needs. Hstar proposes an enhanced Series Elastic Actuator based humanoid body that is capable of advanced dexterous manipulation and patient lifting, haptic feedback and natural human-robot contact. We will add several innovative technologies to meet technical requirements of RoNA system including an intelligent navigation and stable zero-moment-point (ZMP) control. Hstar enhance Segway’s four-wheel mobile robotic platform RMP400 with holonomic drive using omnidirectional wheel technology. Our telepresence operation and direct human robot interaction control will provide safe and robust operation in hospital environments. In addition to performing physical activities (lifting, moving patients and heavy load), the RoNA system is also capable of nurse transportation and material delivery.

RE2, INC.
32 Thirty-Ninth St.
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Mr. Jorgen Pedersen
ARMY 07-146      Awarded: 10/17/2007
Title:Robotic Nursing Assistant (RNA)
Abstract:Hospitals are currently facing significant staffing crises, especially a shortage of immediate care personnel such as nurses. As a result of this shortage, the number of work-related injuries continues to increase primarily due to more shifts, mandatory overtime, and the aging nursing population. Among the increasing number of work-related injuries, back injuries pose the greatest impact. Back injuries compound the staffing shortage, requiring the remaining nurses to work extra shifts, which in turn, increases the chances of those remaining nurses incurring work-related injuries or making on-the-job mistakes. One way to mitigate the problem is to create a robotic assistant to protect nurses from debilitating injuries. A robotic assistant would shield nurses from injuries, help maintain the workforce, and consequently reduce the number of medical errors caused by nurses. Our innovative concept, combines a robotic platform, dexterous manipulators, and intuitive control interfaces to provide a practical implementation of a robotic nursing assistant. The resultant Robotic Nursing Assistant (RNA) will serve as an extension of the nurse when performing physically challenging maneuvers such, as helping a patient sit up in bed or moving a patient from a gurney to a hospital bed.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4982
Mr. Aditya Bedekar
ARMY 07-147      Awarded: 12/1/2007
Title:A Microfluidic System for Affinity Reagent Generation and Assay Development for High-Throughput Biomarker Validation
Abstract:Protein biomarkers are finding increasing application in Force Health Protection and health surveillance. However, very few biomarkers have been verified and validated. This deficiency has been ascribed primarily to availability of reagents (affinity probes). There is a need for assays to measure biomarker candidates, which must be accompanied by the development of reagents for detection. We propose to develop a microfluidic high- throughput reagent generation platform using capillary electrophoresis (CE) to enable the discovery and directed evolution of molecular probes from combinatorial libraries using an in vitro protein selection technique. The platform will be adapted to develop immunoassays using the probes selected. Key benefits include reduced reagent consumption (cost savings), automation, thermostable probes, and faster screening. In Phase I, the microfluidic system will be designed and fabricated, and proof-of-concept established by accomplishing probe screening and assay development for multiple protein biomarkers. In Phase II, the microfluidic system will be used to develop reagents for biomarkers provided by USACEHR. Currently, no miniaturized system to develop reagents in a cost-effective, high-throughput format is commercially available. A multidisciplinary team with proven expertise in microfluidics, protein engineering, and device development has been assembled.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Sriram Shankar
ARMY 07-147      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:Expedited High-Affinity Ligand Generation from Biomarker Sequence by Integration of Data Mining with High-throughput Screening
Abstract:Frontline and support military personnel often may be exposed to toxic industrial, biological, or chemical agents. These typically elicit a biochemical reaction resulting in the release of protein biomarkers that are measurable in the blood or urine. Sensitive and specific identification of these biomarkers could facilitate timely intervention, potentially mitigating decreased operational efficiency and preventing long term health issues. Existing methods, such as generating antibodies for ELISA-based detection, computational design through ligand docking, or high-throughput screening of vast ligand databases are highly time intensive and not always successful. There is an unfulfilled niche for a technology for rapidly (1-2 weeks) generating high-affinity ligands for newly identified biomarkers, based only on their primary sequence, which could be used to detect and quantify them in a complex mixture of other proteins. Owing to the evolutionary design of proteins, it is documented that “similar proteins bind similar ligands”. Lynntech, Inc., in collaboration with Dr. Garner at UTSWMED, proposes the utilization of database mining techniques to obtain knowledge based ligands, which, in conjunction with iterative high- throughput screening using patented, automated, chip-based peptide/peptoid/DNA micro- array production and detection technology, may be used to generate specific high affinity ligands for protein biomarkers.

RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6822
Dr. Daniel Hall
ARMY 07-147      Awarded: 10/22/2007
Title:Rapid Generation of High-affinity Aptamers for Quantification of Protein Biomarkers
Abstract:The generation of genomic and proteomic data with the goal of biomarker discovery for disease diagnostics or prognosis is a powerful approach. However, biomarkers identified from a typically small sample size must be validated on a large population. A limiting factor is the availability of high-quality reagents for the quantification of the biomarkers in a complex medium such as serum. The assay must be technically simple and amenable to high-throughput procedures. Screening of recombinant antibody libraries is a powerful method for the generation of affinity reagents. However, “affinity maturation” techniques required to produce high affinity antibodies is a relatively slow procedure as it requires library isolation, diversification, and retransformation back into cells. Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. proposes the high-throughput generation of nucleic acids-based aptamer affinity reagents. We introduce a novel technique for generating aptamers with high affinity and specificity. In addition, we will utilize a screening technique that does not require sample modification with labels or separation of the bound/unbound aptamers. This will increase the number of clones for which we are able to obtain binding data. Finally, because selection occurs outside of cells, the entire procedure is rapid including all maturation steps for improving the binding characteristics.

LIVEDATA, INC.
810 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 576-6908
Dr. Gabriel Spitz
ARMY 07-148      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Integrated Clinical Environment Manager
Abstract:Interoperability and interconnectivity of medical devices in clinical environments can significantly enhance patient safety and workflow efficiency. To achieve this goal, a standards-based approach to an overall medical device plug-and-play architecture for an Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) has been proposed by the MD PnP program. However, the process of accepting and implementing communication and interoperability standards is a lengthy process, and device manufacturers have avoided building interoperable devices primarily on economic grounds. To overcome these difficulties and start capitalizing on the potential benefits of networked medical devices, a technology is needed that would provide a communication layer for current and legacy devices, enable interoperability, and provide concrete examples of its potential benefits. LiveData together with Draper Lab and MGH/CIMIT propose to develop the MD-ICEMAN, that will facilitate the transition to a networked medical device environment and help materialize the potential benefits of a patient–centric networked system. MD-ICEMAN will use the standardization efforts as guideposts and provide a framework with metadata which describes a standard layer of capabilities for common devices and driver architecture that can be used interchangeabily. The proposed solution will focus on the Operating Room, however it will apply to the entire continuum of clinical environments.

INBIOS INTERNATIONAL
562 Ist Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Dr. Raymond Houghton
ARMY 07-150      Awarded: 10/16/2007
Title:A Multiplexed Assay for the Detection of Pathogens of Military Importance in Sand Flies
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field grade, screening assay for the detection of both leishmania parasites and/or sand fly fever viruses directly in sand flies. The test will utilize a multi-line lateral flow (dipstick) chromatography incorporated into a cassette that enables the simultaneous screening of both analytes. The proposed immunochromatographic assay would be a very useful screening test to assess sand fly infestations for leishmania parasites or sand fly fever viruses. This would facilitate the treatment of military personnel presenting with febrile illness. It would also help in eradication programs. In this Phase I study we will develop/acquire antibody and antigen reagents for use in development of prototype antigen detection assays for both pathogens. We will then construct prototype assays that will be evaluated against archived samples from infected sandflies. Further development of the assay would take place in a Phase II proposal.

VECTOR TEST SYSTEMS, INC.
2033 Yellowthroat Place
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 390-0647
Dr. Kirti Dave
ARMY 07-150      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:A Multiplexed Assay for the Detection of Pathogens of Military Importance in Sand Flies
Abstract:VecTOR Test Systems, Inc. proposes to develop and produce the Leishmania/SFFV antigen panel assay, a field usable assay for detection and differentiation of Leishmania parasites as well as Sand fly fever viruses (SFFVs) in sand fly vectors. The proposed assays will be performed in a rapid, one-step immuno-chromatographic process for detection of various epidemiologically relevant Leishmania sp such as L. major, L. tropica, L donovani, as well as SFFVs in infected sand-flies. The technology is based on the simple and reliable wicking immuno-chromatographic detection method by which sensitive test-strip based assays provide results in less than 30 minutes. The proposed dipstick assays will be stable at ambient storage conditions. During Phase I, a sufficient number of tests will be developed for evaluation. The antigen assay will be important to rapidly identify and differentiate sand flies infected with specific pathogens for surveillance and focus control activities. Assays developed in similar format for mosquito vector for detection of Malaria circumsporozoite protein, WNV, SLE, EEE, and WEE and have found commercial application. The development of easy to use tests will be important for detection of pathogens of military importance as well as the commercial sector for vector surveillance and control programs.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Dr. Donald E. Patterson
ARMY 07-151      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:FluoroGuard: Personal Insect Repellent Device
Abstract:An advanced, easy-to-use, passive personal insect repellent device is greatly needed for both military and general public use. While existing insect repellents and insecticides provide excellent protection against a variety of annoying and potentially deadly insects, most of the repellents are somewhat tedious to apply, have to be re-applied often, and can have offensive odors or cause minor irritation to the skin. During this program, Nanohmics will develop FluoroGuard - a simple, effective, and long-lasting passive insect repellent device that can be easily attached to any article of clothing. Relying on our expertise in biocide-impregnated plastics and the development of injection-molded cases, we have the necessary capabilities for incorporating an advanced insect repellent into a slow-release polymer formulation. The formulation will be contained in a simple polymer housing that can be opened for use when needed and closed to provide both a long storage life and usage life. Additionally, the device will be manufactured so that it is waterproof, lightweight, and exceedingly easy to use.

STERLING INTERNATIONAL, INC.
3808 N. Sullivan Road Building 16 BV
Spokane, WA 99216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 926-6766
Dr. Qing-He Zhang
ARMY 07-151      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Personal Insect Repellent Device
Abstract:Sterling International Inc. proposes to develop a light-weight, portable, water-proof “Personal Insect Repellent Device”, impregnated with a repellent(s) and/or insecticide(s) vapor, that can be attached to a solider, or an individual soldier's uniform, to provide long- lasting, passive, whole-body, spatial protection against bites from insect disease vectors (e.g. sand flies and mosquitoes) and other biting arthropods (e.g. ticks) for at least 1 month of continuous use. In Phase I, we will develop a detailed plan and proof-of-concept study (to include technical feasibility and product evaluation) for the "Personal Insect Repellent Device". Phase I/Phase I Option deliverables will integrate a chemical(s) with an innovative design to develop a prototype product that has the potential to meet the broad needs discussed above. We will determine the feasibility of the concept by conducting initial field evaluations of the devices for their efficacy to repel vectors.

CUBE TECHNOLOGY
2987 W. Elliot Rd.
Chandler, AZ 85224
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 497-8400
Dr. Daniel S. Marshall
ARMY 07-152      Awarded: 10/17/2007
Title:Field-deployable source of Carbon Dioxide for use in Vector Surveillance
Abstract:CUBE Technology has created an extremely compact and efficient enclosed combustor dubbed a Micro-Furnace. These Micro-Furnaces have demonstrated an unprecedented operating range and have operated on fuels from hydrogen to alcohol to JP-8. This Micro- Furnace combustor is fast-starting and will burn less than 200gm of JP-8 fuel to deliver 400cc/minute of CO2 Mosquito attractant over 12 hours. In addition, this system will incorporate a small power converter driven by the Micro-Furnace to make it a miniature generator capable of powering the fan and light of a standard CDC trap. The system components required to develop this small generator/CO2 source are small and commercially available. The entire system will be much smaller than the batteries currently used for powering these traps and will require only JP-8 logistics fuel that is universally available military personnel worldwide.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 261-1145
Dr. Brady Clapsaddle
ARMY 07-152      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:CO2 Generator for Vector Surveillance
Abstract:Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform vector surveillance to identify and control diseases transmitted by arthropods. The arthropod traps used for vector surveillance perform better when baited with carbon dioxide gas (CO2) in addition to using light as an attractant. However, since many vector surveillance locations of importance to the military are remote, it is hard to find a reliable, field-deployable supply of CO2. Current trapping methods use compressed gas cylinders, which are heavy and considered HAZMATs, or dry-ice sources, which require refrigeration and sublime rapidly. TDA Research, Inc. proposes to fabricate and demonstrate the performance of an automated chemical gas generator that will supply CO2 to vector surveillance light traps. The gas generator produces CO2 from a chemical reaction between two non-hazardous materials and is lightweight and small enough to be field-deployable, thus eliminating the concerns of conventional CO2 sources. The CO2 generator is capable of producing CO2 at a flow rate of 200 mL/minute over a 12 hour time period using less than 2 kg of starting materials.

INBIOS INTERNATIONAL
562 Ist Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Dr. William John Woodroofe
ARMY 07-153      Awarded: 10/18/2007
Title:A Point-of-Care Assay for the Detection of Spotted-fever group and Typhus group Rickettsia.
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field-grade, screening assay for the differential diagnosis of infection by Spotted Fevers (e.g. Rocky Mountain Spotted fever, Boutonneuse fever) and Typhus (Epidemic and Endemic forms) causing rickettsial bacteria. Scrub Typhus (Orientia tsutsugamushi) will be used as a reference control and may be incorporated into the final assay. The test will utilize lateral flow (dipstick) chromatography incorporated into a unique, triplex, cassette that enables the simultaneous screening of Spotted Fever, Typhus and Scrub Typhus group organisms. The proposed immunochromatographic assay would be a very useful for point-of-care screening and as differential diagnostic test to assess individuals presenting with symptoms of infection. In this Phase 1 study we shall evaluate the ability of a panel of rickettsia-derived antigens from the families of pathogens listed above to function as the basis of an IgM/IgG serodetection system. We will then construct prototype assays that will be evaluated against samples from individuals with confirmed infections. Further development of the assay would take place in a Phase 2 study.

INTEGRATED BIOTHERAPEUTICS, INC.
Frederick Innovative Technology Center 4539 Metropolitan Ct.
Frederick, MD 21704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 644-3910
Dr. M. Javad Aman
ARMY 07-154      Awarded: 10/19/2007
Title:Therapeutic Human Hyperimmune Polyclonal Antibodies against Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B
Abstract:Research Proposed: Determine the feasibility of developing human hyperimmune serum (HIS) against staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB). PROBLEM/OPPORTUNITY: Staphylococcus aureus is associated with up to 25% of invasive infections in hospitals and community. Staphylococcal exotoxins (SEs), including SEB, are key virulence factors leading to toxic shock syndrome (TSS). SEB has been weaponized and can cause human incapacitation and mortality. No countermeasures targeting SEs are currently available for human use. Integrated BioTherapeutics (IBT) has a cGMP produced SEB vaccine (STEBVax; currently in IND process) that may be used to generate HIS to treat SEB intoxication. PLAN/PROCESS OUTLINE: Screen human intravenous immunoglobulin and monkey immune sera and use, as HIS surrogates to develop assays and SOPs to test sera for inhibition of superantigenic activity. Evaluate neutralizing activity of antibodies in vitro (>80% inhibition) and in mice (>80% protection). PHASE I OPTION: Develop a clinical protocol for plasmapheresis of volunteers vaccinated with STEBVax. PHASE II PLAN: IBT plans for a cost shared phase II to conduct plasmapheresis for collection of anti-SEB HIS in partnership with Omrix Biopharmaceuticals, a leading plasma fractionation company, using the IND status of STEBvax and preclinical evaluation of anti-SEB HIS in anticipation of filing an IND with FDA.

ELECTRONIC TEXTILE, INC.
9 Celestine Terrace
Stoneham, MA 02180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 678-1919
Mr. Vikram Sharma
ARMY 07-155      Awarded: 10/31/2007
Title:Micro-encapsulated Insecticide treated, Retrofit-able Optimized Opening Mesh Liner for Camouflage Systems
Abstract:Electronic Textile, Inc (ET) is proposing to accomplish two key objectives in this proposed effort. One, to integrate three different ingredients for a powerful synergetic long term protection from vectors by using: 1) Encapsulated DEET – improving the longevity of the insecticide by addressing DEET’S volatility. 2) Encapsulated Permethrin – a washable, Stable Neuro-Toxin 3) Cyclodextrin - Acting as Reservoir to Increase the quantity of material held active on the fabric surface. DEET, Permethrin are EPA approved chemicals. Second Objective, ET will design, develop an optimized opening lightweight mesh liner fabric, treated with chemical combination mentioned above. ET proposed liner material will retrofit into existing camouflage systems providing significant cost benefits. ET Liner System will utilize DEET’s Halo Effect to achieve the desired optimization of weight and opening of the liner mesh fabric without compromising and affecting the camouflage functionality or mosquito vector protection. ET will conduct testing to evaluate the durability, stability and efficacy against arthropods of this system. ET has gathered an Industry leading professional team members (Marmot, Malden, Black Diamond) to assure successful development and commercialization effort.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mr. Jeremiah Slade
ARMY 07-155      Awarded: 10/31/2007
Title:Enhanced Camouflage Materials for Insect Protection
Abstract:Vector borne diseases have posed a significant threat to soldier health in past and present foreign deployments. Currently deployed troops face several severe illnesses such as Leishmaniasis and Sand Fly Fever Virus that are transmitted by insects. There are no prophylactic vaccines available for these diseases. Soldiers must integrate multiple personal protective equipment (PPE) measures to minimize likelihood of infection; however 100% compliance is often not achievable in the battlefield due to several complicating factors. Essential to soldier heath is the rapid deployment of new technologies that reduce the hindrance of PPE measures and enhance protection against insects that transmit disease. In this Phase I project, Infoscitex proposes to develop a new controlled release technology that will repel insects from lightweight camouflage structural netting such as the ULCANS and LCSS. This technology is inexpensive and readily applicable to the civilian population in regions where mortality is high due to the prevalence of vector borne diseases.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Dr. Tony Ragucci
ARMY 07-156      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:High-Speed Hyperspectral Polarimeter for Measuring Parachute Canopy Strain
Abstract:The parachute development process can be expensive and time-consuming due to the current need for iterative, full-scale flight testing. Although new computational algorithms for parachute modeling are being developed at the U.S. Army Natick Soldier Center, these models must be validated through actual measurements of parachute strain both during the inflation phase and in steady decent. We propose the development of a high-speed strain-imaging system based on optical birefringence properties of the parachute canopy fabric and a technique of hyperspectral polarimetry developed at Lynntech. High- resolution strain data could be recorded in a wind tunnel, drop tower, or during an airdrop. Full-canopy, distortion-free strain maps would be acquired on a millisecond time scale, enabling accurate strain imaging of parachute inflation. No device attachment to the parachute material is required and the fabric would not be structurally modified, thereby obviating measurement-induced alterations in the natural parachute strain. The spatial resolution of the strain map is not limited by the attachment density of massive detection elements and the technique enables strain determination in a highly localized area of the canopy, rather than along the length of a strain gauge. This approach will ultimately reduce the time and expense currently associated with parachute development.

ACELLENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-7872
Dr. Shawn Beard
ARMY 07-157      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Ultra-light weight and low-cost in-situ system for damage detection of ballistic protective armor
Abstract:Acellent Technologies proposes to build an innovative and cost-effective ultra portable system for detection of damage in personnel ballistic armor inserts. The system upon will provide in-situ capability to detect damage in armor inserts by personnel in the field. Current techniques commonly used in determining the health of the ballistic protective armor such as X-ray, may be time-consuming, expensive, and dependent in large measure on human intervention. The proposed integrated and automated built-in health monitoring system has the potential to greatly relieve this inspection burden, increase the useful life of armor inserts, while providing for increased safety at a considerably low- cost. The system will utilize Acellent’s SMART layer technology, based on a built-in network of sensors and actuators embedded on a thin dielectric carrier film, to query, monitor and evaluate the condition of the ballistic inserts. The monitoring layer can either be surface-mounted or embedded in the insert during fabrication itself. The system will automatically scan the structure to detect cracks occurring in the ceramic plate and interlayer delaminations. Sensory data from the monitoring layer collected through wired or wireless means during inspection will be interpreted and processed by a hand-held portable diagnostic system running intelligent diagnostic software.

NEWPORT SENSORS, INC.
7 Murasaki St.
Irvine, CA 92617
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 378-8666
Dr. Maria Feng
ARMY 07-157      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Smart Small Arm Protective Inserts
Abstract:The ultimate goal of this SBIR project is to develop a smart small arm protection insert embedded with a sensor network capable of self-inspection when interrogated by a separated handheld device. Phase I will focus on two highly innovative and promising technologies: a distributed fiber optic sensor and a conductive paint sensor. The PI’s extensive prior work has proved the concept and demonstrated the advantages of these sensors. In particular, the distributed fiber optic sensor can potentially locate and quantify damage in the inserts, while the conductive paint is likely to provide a simple and cost- effective solution. The Phase-I objective is to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the sensors embedded inside armor inserts for detecting ceramic cracking and delaminations. An innovative interrogation technique is proposed to significantly improve the spatial resolution and accuracy of the fiber optic sensor. Technical obstacles including closed cracks, sensitivity degradation due to bonding and insulation coating will be addressed. Critical issues associated with embedding sensors, such as survivability under the high- temperature and high-pressure manufacturing process of the inserts, will be investigated. Finally, the sensors will be embedded into the current armor inserts for evaluation of their damage detection capability. The ballistic integrity of these inserts will also be verified.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Scott Neal Reilly
ARMY 07-158      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Modeling User-Defined Operating Pictures (UDOPs) within Simulation Environments (MUSE)
Abstract:The Network-Centric Warfare paradigm will provide Ground Soldiers in the U.S. Army with large amounts of information needed to maintain Situational Awareness and to perform successfully in the field. Current information interfaces lack a targeted operational focus and provide a broad superset of data, resulting in Ground Soldiers becoming overloaded by extraneous or non-critical information. To address this, the U.S. Army is developing User-Defined Operational Picture (UDOP) technology that will manage incoming information to maximize Ground Soldier effectiveness. However, IWARS and similar simulation-based analysis tools do not currently provide a means of modeling UDOPs and their effect on Ground Soldier performance. New modeling and simulation technologies are needed to address this gap. We propose to design and demonstrate a suite of design and analysis tools that: (1) use automated analysis techniques to determine what information the Ground Soldier needs to perform effectively, (2) model and simulate the information available to the simulated Ground Soldier based on the simulated UDOP’s capabilities and known limits of human information processing, and (3) provide visual mockups of the information provided by the simulated UDOPs that enable analysts and SMEs to appreciate and validate the type of information and display being simulated.

TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS EXPERTS, INC.
209 West Central Street Suite 107
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-2232
Ms. Alicia Borgman
ARMY 07-159      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Modeling Encumbrance Effects of Ground Soldier Systems on Soldier Performance
Abstract:Many pieces of a soldier’s equipment encumber task performance. Some of the most common encumbrance factors sited are interference with the ability to sense, center of balance, interference with movement, and thermal properties and load. In order to examine the effects of encumbrance on ground soldier performance it is proposed that the Task-related Effects of Encumbrance Methodology (TEEM) be developed for use within a constructive combat simulation. Development of TEEM will begin with an in depth look at a small list of key encumbrance factors. This will include a look at the material causes, the tasks that are impacted, and effects. TEEM is expected to provide benefits to the civilian analyst in areas such as law enforcement, firefighting, and search and rescue. Future work will involve an implementation into the constructive combat simulation, IWARS, and possibly the addition of a larger list of encumbrance factors.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Mr. R. Paul Roth
ARMY 07-160      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Temperature Controlled Human Remains Transfer Case
Abstract:The Vietnam-era solution of packing 40-60 pounds of ice in an aluminum transfer case to maintain temperatures inside a human remains case is still being utilized. This method offers essentially no temperature control or assurance that the remains are properly preserved during transportation. This is especially problematic because transportation times are typically at least 10 hours. Although using ice seems archaic when compared to the thermal control technology currently available, the options are severely limited by the fact that external power often is not available for 10 hour periods of time while transporting the remains. The required solution to this problem involves a new design that integrates technologies maximizing insulation properties, thermal storage, energy storage, energy input flexibility, and high efficiency mechanical cooling methodologies. . Mainstream Engineering has a preliminary system design capable of meeting all of the solicitation’s requirements in the most extreme ambient conditions, using worst-case scenario assumptions.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5821
Mr. Detlef Westphalen
ARMY 07-160      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Temperature Controlled Enhanced Human Remains Transfer Case
Abstract:Current practice for return of human remains from theatres of operation consists of packing the remains in a human remains pouch and then in an uninsulated aluminum- construction case. Ice is used for maintaining temperature, but it often is not sufficient for the flights of up to ten hours. This proposal addresses the need for an improved human remains transfer case, which will be insulated to reduce thermal load and will incorporate a cooling system and auxiliary thermal storage system to maintain optimum human remains temperature. The transfer case design will use best practices from design of refrigerators, combined with ruggedization and technology improvements to meet the stringent size, weight, and performance requirements. TIAX will design the transfer case during Phase I and will work with DRS Sustainment Systems, Inc. to fabricate and test prototypes during Phase II, leading to ramp up of production at the end of the project.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Mr. Eric Pennell
ARMY 07-160      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Composite Temperature Controlled Human Remains Transfer System(1001-106)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to develop a temperature controlled human remains transfer case, consisting of a lightweight, insulating composite structure, integrated phase change materials and an energy efficient active cooling device. The system will provide reliable maintenance of the case internal temperature through the use of an active temperature control device, when provided with power from an external or internal power source, or, maintain temperature without power via integrated phase change materials. The systems composite structure will be lightweight, rigid, tough, be capable of being nested to reduce stowed volume and provide a hermetic seal for the lid.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Kang Lee
ARMY 07-161      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Mechanically Activated Insignia Data Display
Abstract:To address the Army need for a novel interactive insignia for combat uniforms, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Mechanically Activated Insignia Data Display (MAIDD) technology. MAIDD is based on low-cost, low-risk, mature mass production techniques--injection molding, lamination, and stencil printing. The MAIDD will not only display simple characters and symbols that can be mechanically activated/deactivated in the field by a soldier, but will also blend in with the camouflage pattern of the uniform when disabled. The MAIDD can be secured directly to the fabric of a uniform by rivets common to the garment industry, and is protected against combat environments and contaminants. The operation of the MAIDD system is controlled by a mechanical membrane switch, integrated into the patch. In Phase I POC will demonstrate prototype MAIDD materials for several types of insignia. In Phase II we plan to mature MAIDD technology to TRL-6 by optimizing the material and the fabrication process

SUNDANZER DEVELOPMENT, INC.
742 E. 46th Street
Tucson, AZ 85713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 882-9100
Mr. David Bergeron
ARMY 07-162      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Passive Cooling for Storage of Semi-Perishable Rations
Abstract:Wasted rations due to food spoilage are a $50 million dollar a year problem for the Department of Defense. SunDanzer’s approach to solving this problem consists of developing technology for a storage container that could reduce internal storage temperatures. Concepts to reduce heat transfer included thermal control coatings, insulation, active cooling driven by photovoltaics and phase change materials. A small scale test of several of these and other concepts were conducted at SunDanzer’s Tucson facility. The most reliable and cost effective approach will be considered for selection to meet the requirement of a $3500 retrofit.

INFINIA CORP.
6811 West Okanogan Place
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 737-2119
Dr. SONGGANG QIU
ARMY 07-163      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Off-Grid Pallet Chilling for Bottled Water
Abstract:The Natick soldier center has identified the need for maintaining soldier drinking water at a palatable temperature of less than 60°F. Individual pallets of bottled water must be kept cool near feeding and resting areas, but the cooling must be provided independent of an electrical grid. Infinia Corporation proposes a practical design concept for a Stirling pallet chiller that will produce up to 1 refrigeration ton of cooling, and sufficient electricity to run system loads such as heat rejection using JP-8 or diesel fuels. The Stirling Individual Pallet Chiller (SIPC) will operate directly on JP-8 fuel, be HMMWV (High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle) towable, and have an acoustic signature of significantly less than 40 dB at 5 meters, making it ideal for remote deployments.

SUNDANZER DEVELOPMENT, INC.
742 E. 46th Street
Tucson, AZ 85713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 882-9100
Mr. David Bergeron
ARMY 07-163      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Off-Grid Pallet Cooling for Bottled Water
Abstract:Data shows that soldiers in Iraq are reluctant to drink water that is warm, which can lead to dehydration weaknesses and heat stress. To address this problem, envisioned are mobile, 100% solar-powered refrigeration units sized to handle individual standard-size pallets holding 1,296 liters (342 gallons) of water in 0.5, 1, or 1.5 liter bottles. This unit would cool water to the required 60¢XF in ambient conditions of 105-135¢XF (40¡V60¢XC) within 24 hours and then hold temperatures indefinitely without any need for refueling. Time permitting, the units will be able to cool water to 38„aF. The units would be positioned near kitchens and billeting or in more remote locations.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Mr. John Bulluck
ARMY 07-164      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Lightweight, low-cost armor panels for installation in soft-walled shelters
Abstract:The U.S. Army's soft-sided shelters are in need of lightweight, modular, fire resistant, ballistic protection panels that will provide sufficient blast defense for personnel and equipment within the shelter. Texas Research Institute Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin) proposes a novel composite armor paneling system that can afford this protection by dissipating the energy of the blast while subsequently preventing penetration of fragmented projectiles. The high strength panels will have an areal density < 3.0lbs/ft2 and cost less than $25/ft2. During Phase I, TRI/Austin will be working with a leader in ballistics testing and armor mechanics design and predictive modeling, as well as with a manufacturer of blast resistant materials. Ballistics testing will be performed using varying sizes of right circular cylinders (RCCs) at defined velocities to simulate mortar fragmentation. Environmental tests will be conducted that include water absorption, ultraviolet radiation resistance, and temperature effects to ensure that the armor panels will maintain their effectiveness under harsh field conditions. Flexural strength testing will insure that the panels can withstand a blast event, and fire resistance testing will verify the self-extinguishing properties of the composite. The novel combination of ballistic-protection materials will result in a lightweight, easily-installed, ruggedized armor panel for military integration.

ASPEN PRODUCTS GROUP, INC.
186 CEDAR HILL STREET
MARLBOROUGH, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Mr. Craig Thompson
ARMY 07-165      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Flameless Personal Water Heater Using Battlefield Fuel (JP-8)
Abstract:A flameless personal water heater will be developed that is capable of heating small individual volumes of water for meal preparation, sanitation, or hygiene. The heater will react air and JP-8 in an enclosed flow path and transfer the heat generated to water. The device will be packaged into an immersion-style heater that fits within any generic insulated cup. The key innovations required for development of the heater are in the areas of catalysis, fuel addition, and mixing. Use of a highly active, stable catalyst will allow clean operation at conditions that favor high efficiency. A method of fuel addition will be developed that requires no moving parts or external fuel pressurization. Features of the design will act to promote static mixing, resulting in full combustion with clean exhaust. The final packaged device will incorporate features that allow the heater to be used safely, effectively, and easily. It will be suitable for use indoors with no health hazards or irritants produced. Advances in efficiency over currently available heaters will benefit the user by requiring the transport of less liquid fuel.

CUBE TECHNOLOGY
2987 W. Elliot Rd.
Chandler, AZ 85224
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 497-8400
Dr. Daniel S. Marshall
ARMY 07-165      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Flameless Personal Water Heater Using Battlefield Fuel (JP-8)
Abstract:CUBE Technology has created an extremely compact and efficient enclosed combustor dubbed a Micro-Furnace. These Micro-Furnaces have demonstrated an unprecedented operating range and have operated on fuels from hydrogen to alcohol to JP-8. This Micro- Furnace combustor will be the core of the flameless personal water heater. This combustor is fast-starting and delivers its heat via radiation and convection. The Micro- Furnace will be used to heat small portions of water in a cup. The system will be designed to prevent JP-8 contamination of the water yet provide intimate contact between heated surfaces and the water to be heated. In addition, this system will incorporate a small power converter between the Micro-Furnace and the water to make it self-powered after a short start-up time allowing the personal water heater to be used repeatedly without external power and requiring only fuel to continue operating reliably.

BOSTON APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6F Gill Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-2800
Dr. Jingwen Zhang
ARMY 07-166      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Night Vision Enhancement Technology for Paratrooper Eye Protection Goggles
Abstract:This SBIR project aims at developing a high sensitivity night vision viewer with broadband (near IR (NIR), mid-wave IR (MWIR), and long wave IR (LWIR)) coverage. Utilizing a specific transparent functional material developed at Boston Applied Technologies Incorporated (BATi) that has excellent pyroelectric effect, over strong absorption at NIR, MWIR and LWIR wavebands, perfect transmittance in certain visible wavelength, the intensity variation of an incident NIR, MWIR or/and LWIR radiation from a warm object can be transferred into intensity variation of a visible beam by a smart use of liquid crystal. The output visible image can then be view directly by naked eyes. Take the advantage of maturity in liquid crystal display industry and excellent capability of production of large size functional materials at BATi, the aperture of the viewer can fit the need for paratroopers. Compared with existing thermal imaging techniques, this invention will generate an uncooled imaging system of unprecedented low costs, yet with higher resolution, high sensitivity, and lower power consumption. In our Phase I work, we will demonstrate the feasibility and detailed design of the proposed viewer. In the Phase II efforts, we will advance towards the implementations of a viewer prototype with full functionality.

OMNI MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS, INC.
1150 Airport Drive
S. Burlington, VT 05403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 865-5223
Mr. Mark Harvie
ARMY 07-167      Awarded: 10/11/2007
Title:Waste Management System for Chemical/Biological Protective Garments
Abstract:Omni Measurement Systems, Inc already has a proposed solution to the liquid waste portion. Omni developed an extended wear, semi-automatic bladder relief device for aircrew through Air Force/Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase I, Phase II, Phase II Enhancement and Phase III contracts. The Advanced Mission Extender Device (AMXD) is certified Safe to Fly and FDA approved. Omni is currently manufacturing AMXD systems for the USAF under a procurement contract. This patented technology can be reconfigured to provide a bladder relief solution and solid waste management for Army War Fighters.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Wondwosen Mengesha
ARMY 07-168      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Stand Alone Gamma Protective Clothing
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for low-level ionizing radiation protective clothing that is lightweight and flexible for incorporation into military protective clothing, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the new Stand-Alone Gamma Protective Clothing (SAGPROC) system. The SAGPROC uses its unique fabric geometry to maximize the absorption of radiation flux from an energetic gamma source. This unique fabric geometry brings together high- and low-atomic-number materials for effective reduction and protection from incident high energy radiation flux. Its significant attenuation at high energy (such as 1.332 MeV) assures even better performance with lower-energy gamma rays. The SAGPROC will also be >90% effective in attenuating particulate radiation. The high malleability and ductility of the materials and the low weight with radiation-leakproof perforation will make it flexible without causing physical or heat stress. In Phase I POC will develop SAGPROC and demonstrate its feasibility. In Phase II we plan to develop a prototype that meets all requirements.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 501-2880
Dr. Paul Carter
ARMY 07-169      Awarded: 12/18/2007
Title:A High Speed Magnetic Array for In-Road Detection of Improvised Explosive Devices
Abstract:An attractive approach for IED detection is to deploy inconspicuous, unmanned vehicles traveling at normal highway speed that can detect, discriminate, and localize IEDs and transmit data to a remote operator. Areté Associates and Applied Research Associates propose to combine their proven hardware, analytical, and theoretical capabilities to develop and demonstrate a unique and versatile magnetic system capable of meeting the rapid survey requirements of IED detection.

CENTER FOR REMOTE SENSING, INC.
3702 Pender Drive Suite 170
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 385-7717
Dr. Suman Ganguly
ARMY 07-169      Awarded: 12/17/2007
Title:Magnetic Array for Detection and Characterization of IEDs in Presence of Strong Clutter
Abstract:CRS has pioneered magnetic array technology (U.S. Patent 4,675,606; 1985). The use of magnetic arrays for detection and characterization of IEDs is proposed. Magnetic array will enable: 1. attain high sensitivities by cross-correlating the ambient noise fields 2. detect and map clutter through change detection 3. characterize or classify the residual targets through inversion from different look angles achieved through spatial and temporal field mapping. CRS has a strong background in the design and development of the world’s most sensitive fluxgate and induction coil magnetometers as well as signal processing techniques necessary to use such sensors. We propose to improve the fluxgate design for AC operation and combine both fluxgate and induction coil techniques to cover a frequency range of a few Hz to hundreds of kHz. This will provide a small, compact unit (less than 10 cm) and provide very large sensitivity (better than pT). Our proposed effort consists of: (a) improved electronics – digital circuits for stability, compactness, AC operation, and digital outputs, (b) integrated signal processing units for signal processing and analysis in real-time, and (c) vector to scalar transformation, orientation, and calibration. During Phase I we plan to perform numerical simulations to ascertain the effects of vibration, noise, orientation, and orthogonality. We also plan to develop a laboratory prototype of the integrated sensor based on our experiences with fluxgate and induction coil sensors.

GEOPHEX LTD.
605 Mercury Street
Raleigh, NC 27603
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 839-8515
Dr. I.J. Won
ARMY 07-169      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:A High Speed Towed Magnetic Array for In-Road Detection of Improvised Explosive Devices Employing Optimized Magnetic Map Differencing
Abstract:This proposal describes an active electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensor array that can operate at a sampling rate of 750Hz, corresponding to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) in distance at a moving speed of 60 mph. At low frequencies (below a few kHz), an EMI sensor is basically a magnetometer that responds to susceptibility targets (i.e., ferrous objects). The main difference is that, while a magnetometer uses the earth’s field as the illuminating source, an EM sensor emits its own time-varying magnetic field and, thus, has the name electro-magnetometer. An electro-magnetometer acts like a magnetometer at low frequencies but also acts like a metal detector at higher frequencies, responding to conductive targets and, therefore, can also detect nonferrous objects (aluminum, copper, brass, etc.) that a magnetometer misses. The proposed electro-magnetometer will have a bandwidth of 750 Hz – 96 kHz, for which it will behave like a magnetometer below a few kHz and a metal detector above. In this proposal, we describe our new electro- magnetometer technology that can meet all requirements for this topic: it will provide a high sampling rate (750 Hz), can have an arbitrarily wide swath, and can detect both ferrous and nonferrous targets down to 3 feet in depth for typical metal objects. The proposed sensor is based on successful commercial EMI sensors manufactured by Geophex for detecting and discriminating UXO/landmines. The primary difference will be the new high sampling rate to meet the requirements of this SBIR topic.

SKY RESEARCH, INC.
445 Dead Indian Memorial Rd
Ashland, OR 97520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 458-9807
Dr. Jack Foley
ARMY 07-169      Awarded: 12/19/2007
Title:A High Speed Towed Magnetic Array for In-Road Detection of Improvised Explosive Devices Employing Optimized Magnetic Map Differencing
Abstract:The documented success of UXO detection offers a technical basis of roadway IED detection. The technical and operational challenges of applying UXO technologies to the IED problem can be overcome by exploiting two aspects of the IED problem. First, the detection of munitions (projectiles, rockets, bombs, etc.) is well understood and readily accomplished with magnetometers through straightforward and well-established procedures. Second, the presence of roadside IEDs changes with time. It is this time- variation in magnetic conditions associated with IED emplacement that offers a unique aspect of the problem that can be exploited to facilitate IED detection, mitigate clutter false alarms, and support near-real-time implementation. Therefore, Sky Research proposes a process referred to as Magnetic Field Change Detection (MFCD) to address the roadway IED threat. Through the leveraging of existing Sky Research technologies and ongoing research and development work, the extensive experience and expertise in magnetics mapping for munitions detection, and through the execution of the proposed work, this technical approach has great potential to meet or exceed the performance requirements of the RFP. MFCD will facilitate IED detection in cluttered environments and has been shown to be effective in recent SKY tests using a low-altitude helicopter-deployed magnetometer array.The documented success of UXO detection offers a technical basis of roadway IED detection. The technical and operational challenges of applying UXO technologies to the IED problem can be overcome by exploiting two aspects of the IED problem. First, the detection of munitions (projectiles, rockets, bombs, etc.) is well understood and readily accomplished with magnetometers through straightforward and well-established procedures. Second, the presence of roadside IEDs changes with time. It is this time-variation in magnetic conditions associated with IED emplacement that offers a unique aspect of the problem that can be exploited to facilitate IED detection, mitigate clutter false alarms, and support near-real-time implementation. Therefore, Sky Research proposes a process referred to as Magnetic Field Change Detection (MFCD) to address the roadway IED threat. Through the leveraging of existing Sky Research technologies and ongoing research and development work, the extensive experience and expertise in magnetics mapping for munitions detection, and through the execution of the proposed work, this technical approach has great potential to meet or exceed the performance requirements of the RFP. MFCD will facilitate IED detection in cluttered environments and has been shown to be effective in recent SKY tests using a low-altitude helicopter- deployed magnetometer array.

LUND & CO.INVENTION LLC
4111 N. Rockwell
Chicago, IL 60618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(773) 267-3090
Mr. Bruce Lund
ARMY 07-170      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Innovative Propulsion Methods for Small Arms Projectiles
Abstract:Lund and Company Invention, L.L.C. is conducting research and development on a hydrogen-powered light weight weapon that can launch 5.56 mm NATO ammunition in both a lethal and non-lethal mode. Muzzle velocity can be readily modified by the warrior in the field to maximize effectiveness. The traditional cartridge and black powder propellant is eliminated. Advantages of the hydrogen-powered weapon include lower weight, increased long range effectiveness, reduced heat and visible flash, and the elimination gun powder combustion gases, burnt residue and smell. In the proposed system, hydrogen gas is directed to a combustion chamber where it is ignited by a piezo

JENTEK SENSORS, INC.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Dr. Neil Goldfine
ARMY 07-171      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Non-contact Torque and Load Monitoring Using Magnetic Stress Gage Networks
Abstract:This proposal addresses the need for a noncontact torque measurement capability to reduce uncertainties in remaining life estimates for rotorcraft parts, to support Condition Based Maintenance decisions, and to enable individual component life management. The proposed method uses JENTEK’s Magnetic Stress Gage Networks with rapid multivariate inverse methods that will provide a practical method for noncontact torque monitoring that can be easily retrofitted to legacy platforms, as well as new rotorcraft. It will offer a means for validating and periodically recalibrating the Magnetic Stress Gage system on the ground, or in flight. In the Phase I effort, we will develop a preliminary torque monitoring capability, perform laboratory noncontact torque measurement tests to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach, develop robust calibration and recalibration methods, and investigate the use of noncontact torque measurement data as an input to algorithms for remaining fatigue life estimation. We will also develop a detailed Phase II transition plan, design the Phase II full-scale demonstration, investigate scale up issues, and evaluate other torque measurement methods. Several major OEMs have expressed their interest in the proposed approach and the demand for a solution suitable for legacy platforms, such as the CH-47 and H-60, is substantial.

CONTROLLED DYNAMICS, INC.
11362 Kelly Lane
Los Alamitos, CA 90720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 735-3065
Dr. Scott A. Green
ARMY 07-172      Awarded: 10/10/2007
Title:Small Light-Weight Precision Localization and Geo-registration System
Abstract:Airborne navigation, reconnaissance, surveillance, and targeting are critical missions that must be performed by the U.S. military in environments where reliable GPS services are unavailable or intentionally denied. Vision-aided inertial navigation has the potential to satisfy this need, though many of the existing approaches are not well suited for on- board application in the turbulent flight environment experienced with small UAV platforms. To provide a robust capability applicable from small UAVs to manned systems, CDI and SARA, Inc. have teamed to develop the Geo-Vision LOS/INS. This solution uses a flight-proven combination of inertially stabilized cameras and centralized optimal estimation. Landmark tracking provides precision geo-registration and accurate estimation of the platform’s position, velocity and orientation. Between landmark updates, feature/target tracking maintains the solution accuracy and provides precision localization and feature/target location estimation. To establish the technical feasibility of our approach, Phase I will develop performance predictions for typical mission scenarios and verify those predictions through ground tests with a proof-of-concept system on a moving vehicle. Applicable to a small UAV, this testbed consists of a low-cost MEMs IMU co-located with a small digital camera. Using an established network of industrial support, Phase II will develop a tightly integrated prototype and conduct flight testing on a UAV for system performance characterization and tuning. Upon completion of Phase II, our team will take the Geo-Vision LOS/INS system into production.

APPLIED OPTICAL MATERIALS, INC.
744 Stewart Canyon Rd
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 451-0546
Dr. David Schaafsma
ARMY 07-173      Awarded: 3/10/2008
Title:Affordable, High-Performance Information Network for Tactical Vehicles
Abstract:This SBIR will design and develop a unique high-functionality network for tactical vehicles, leveraging the low latency, high bandwidth and EMI resistance of optical systems with the affordability of electronic networks. The basic system hardware has been developed and is currently used on military platforms, so this effort will focus on adapting aircraft networks to cost-sensitive ground vehicle applications. The configuration of the system must be optimized to make the best use of optical data links and access to the optical part of the network will be seamless at the depot level. Low latency for critical signals will be preserved, while at the same time allowing multiple independent protocols to run over the same bus.

COMPACT MEMBRANE SYSTEMS, INC.
325 Water Street
Wilmington, DE 19804
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 999-7996
Dr. Donald Stookey
ARMY 07-174      Awarded: 11/1/2007
Title:Membrane Produced Oxygen Enriched Air for Diesel Engine Power Enhancement
Abstract:Compact Membrane Systems, Inc. (CMS) has been a pioneer in modifying the air charge to diesel engines with air separation membranes. Nitrogen-enriched air (NEA) supplied from polymeric membranes mounted on highway truck diesel engines have been shown to substantially reduce the NOx formation and emissions from the engine. The NEA membrane’s co-product, Oxygen-enriched air (OEA), when supplied to the intake of laboratory diesel engines has been known to substantially increase the engine’s power density. This project will develop a prototype membrane system that will be integrated on a 100 kW Tactical Quiet Generator for the purpose of enhancing combustion of diesel and JP-8 fuels and boosting the engine’s power density.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Mr. Greg Cole
ARMY 07-174      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Integration, Optimization, and Validation of Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for 100-kW Engines
Abstract:Oxygen-enriched air has been used in the past to enhance combustion in burners (e.g. for Stirling engines and thermophotovoltaics). The same technology can be extended to internal combustion engines providing potential benefits that include; cold start operation, emissions control, combustion control, increased power density, and increased system efficiency. However, integration, demonstration, and practical implementation of an optimized system have yet to be realized. In Phase I, Mainstream will demonstrate oxygen-enriched combustion on a small-scale internal combustion engine test stand, perform optimization tests, and use the experimental results to design an oxygen-enriched engine for future 100-kW generators. Engine models will be developed that include the effects of oxygen enrichment. The optimized performance and emissions of the full-scale engine will be compared to the 7.2 L Caterpillar 3126B baseline engine. In the Phase I Option, Mainstream will develop emissions control strategies. In Phase II, Mainstream will work with large engine OEMs to design, build, integrate, and test the optimized air separation technology into a 100-kW class diesel engine.

WISCONSIN ENGINE RESEARCH CONSULTANTS, LLC
3983 Plymouth Circle
Madison, WI 53705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 890-0433
Dr. David Wickman
ARMY 07-175      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Control Strategies for Advanced Military Diesel Engines
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to optimize the combustion system for a high output military diesel engine to substantially increase engine power density (>100 bhp/l), improve fuel economy (> 40% efficiency at best point), and reduce specific heat rejection (<25 btu/bhp). The approach used in this study will focus on the simultaneous optimization and matching of injector nozzle design and combustion chamber geometry. In addition, the benefits of a variable valve actuation strategy will be explored with emphasis on late intake valve closing (LIVC).

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Dr. Michael J. Roemer
ARMY 07-176      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Advanced System Level Durability Analysis, Prediction and Optimization
Abstract:Impact Technologies, with the support from our commercialization partner General Dynamics Land Systems, propose the development and demonstration of a suite of integrated computer modeling/simulation tools that can perform detailed durability and fatigue life predictions on ground vehicle subsystems comprised of multiple, highly interactive components. The proposed program would address the need for more accurate and integrated component lifing technologies that can be used from the design stages all the way through to field support initiatives. The key components of this integration are the individual component life analysis modules, probabilistic analysis with uncertainly management methods, subsystem interaction models and the necessary open systems software simulation framework that can analyze a defined hierarchy of components in an efficient manner. Specifically, Impact will leverage its experience with ground vehicle suspension/propulsion systems, the VEHDYN component of the NRMM, structural ANSYS/ADAMS/DADS modeling and relationship with GDLS, to create integrated probabilistic fatigue life modules capable of analyzing and predicting subsystem life for key manned ground vehicle suspension components as a case study. The modules will be developed and demonstrated within the Matlab/Simulnk™ environment with direct interfaces to VEHDYN, ADAMS and ANSYS models and available suspension data. Furthermore, the proposed modeling and simulation environment will be implemented within a node-based, resource sharing computing environment to demonstrate scalability to more complex vehicle system models to be exercised during a Phase II development effort.

M4 ENGINEERING, INC.
2161 Gundry Avenue
Signal Hill, CA 90755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 981-7797
Mr. Kevin Roughen
ARMY 07-176      Awarded: 12/4/2007
Title:Advanced System Level Durability Analysis, Prediction and Optimization
Abstract:The proposed development creates an analytical system for durability analysis, prediction, and optimization. The approach taken leverages several existing technologies available at M4 Engineering and across industry. Additional algorithm and software development is focused on addressing portions of the problem that have significant opportunity for advancing the current state of the art. These developments include streamlining of several analytical processes as well as a novel approach to include physics-based analysis significantly earlier in the design process. The proposed work will advance the Army interests by enabling increased reliability and reduced lifecycle cost of military ground vehicles.

MKP STRUCTURAL DESIGN ASSOC., INC.
2500 Packard Suite 105
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8860
Dr. Zheng-Dong Ma
ARMY 07-177      Awarded: 11/9/2007
Title:A Reactive Deflector Technology for Vehicle and Crew Protection from Landmine and IED Blast
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research is to develop a new computational design methodology with an innovative reactive structural concept for a deflector that can be installed in current and future tactical vehicle systems for crew and vehicle protection from landmine blast and improvised explosive device (IED) assaults. A major concern with the state-of-the-art deflector technology is that installing a protective deflector under the vehicle chassis usually requires raising the vehicle CG (center of gravity), which may result in problems with maneuvering, vehicle rollover, and an increased foot-print – ultimately affecting vehicle’s mobility and survivability. Using the new reactive deflector technology, the deflector can reconfigure itself from a normal working state to blast protective mode upon detection of an explosive blast. This avoids the above mentioned problems by raising the CG minimally, thus reducing the risk to both crew and vehicle. Major tasks include the development of basic concepts for reactive deflector; shape optimization of deflector for protection against blast overpressure and fragment penetration; the development of fundamental mechanism of re-configurable material distribution; and the concept development for embedded sensors and igniter that can detect blast energy and initiate the reactive structure. Phase II research will focus on the development of a computer simulation code for the deflector design and validation for its effectiveness in occupant survivability in a tactical vehicle underbelly landmine blast and IED fragments impact.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Dr. Roger Storm
ARMY 07-178      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:A Blast Resistant Armor Package Based on a High Strength Titanium Foam
Abstract:The Army has a critical need for increased protection for combat personnel vehicles against blasts from land mines and IED’s. A solution to this problem is needed which addresses damage from both fragment penetration and blast pressure, while maintaining an acceptable thickness and weight addition to the underbelly of the vehicles. MER Corp. working with Prof. Anthony Evans of UCSB will develop a solution to this problem which is based on a sandwich structure of dense titanium layers with a new high strength Ti foam being developed by MER. A strike face layer of MER’s Ti/TiB2 composite cermet armor will be used which has been shown to have excellent fragment protection at one half the areal density of Ti-6-4 armor. Prof Evans will conduct a modeling study to define the optimum overall structure, which will build on his earlier studies of honeycomb structures. MER will optimize the foam parameters and provide data to be used for the modeling study.

ULTRAMET
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Dr. Arthur J. Fortini
ARMY 07-178      Awarded: 2/14/2008
Title:Lightweight Foam-Based Vehicular Armor for Mine Blast Protection
Abstract:Open-cell foams offer several unique mechanisms that can be used to defeat the threat posed by mine blast effects. The initial shock wave reaching the armor is by far the greatest threat, and dissipating the energy of this shock wave is the goal of the proposed work. The first mechanism relies on the cellular structure of the open-cell foam itself. Because the foam is essentially a two-phase system, and each phase has a different sonic velocity, the incident shock wave will be diffused by the foam structure. This will decrease the amount of blast energy under the curve and the peak energy delivery rate. By using a high-strength, ductile metal foam, a material far stronger than the aluminum foams tested in the past, additional blast energy will be absorbed via crushing. Furthermore, by filling the voids of the foam with an endothermic, energy-absorbing material, even greater energy-absorbing capability is added to the system. If the endothermic polymeric filler is chosen such that it behaves like a high-viscosity fluid at high shear rates, the overpressure from the blast wave will cause it to flow through the foam, and viscous dissipation will remove additional energy from the blast. Finally, by incorporating nanoparticles into the filler, additional energy can be extracted from the shock via viscous dissipation from the particles moving through the filler. Grading the mechanical properties of the system will further attenuate the blast wave and mitigate reflections and inadvertent amplification of the blast. The net effect will be a significant reduction in the level of energy transmitted to the underlying structure, and that energy will be transmitted at a slower, more sustainable level. By combining all of these mechanisms into a single lightweight system, ground vehicles will enjoy increased survivability and mobility because of the decreased armor weight. With a 1" thick slab of foam and lightweight filler, the areal density will be less than that of a 0.17" thick sheet of steel. The proposed system also offers the potential to incorporate traditional ballistic/fragment protection approaches by using a ceramic or a ceramic/metal laminate as one of the facesheets covering the foam.

PUREWAVE, INC.
P. O. Box 1749
Auburn, AL 36831
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 524-1118
Ms. W. Wendy Pu
ARMY 07-180      Awarded: 2/4/2008
Title:Radar on a Chip
Abstract:This proposal presents an innovative low power and high performance transceiver (TR) microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) for 10GHz multifunction Radar-On-Chip (ROC) applications. The radar TR MMIC includes a low noise front end with low noise amplifier (LNA) and mixer. The TR MMIC is featured with a high speed and low power analog-to-digital converter (ADC), which allows digitizing the received signal at input frequency beyond 1GHz. The TR MMIC also includes an ultrahigh-speed low power direct digital synthesizer (DDS) with a clock frequency larger than 4.5 GHz. The high-speed DDS includes a sinusoidal weighted digital-to-analog converter (DAC) with 9-bit resolution to achieve better than -50dBc spectral purity. The DDS modulation waveform configurations include chirp, step frequency, FM, MSK, and PM. It uses a low-noise phase lock loop (PLL) to generate both the DDS clock and the local frequency at 9 GHz. The TR MMIC has a power amplifier (PA) with innovative bias boosting scheme to deliver larger than 100mW output at 10GHz with high power added efficiency (PAE). The proposed TR MMIC using commercially available SiGe technology can achieve low power consumption of less than 10W for X-band radar applications.

SENSCORP, INC.
ASB Tower, Suite 2650 1001 Bishop Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 783-8080
Dr. Olga Boric-Lubecke
ARMY 07-180      Awarded: 2/11/2008
Title:Radar on a Chip
Abstract:The Army is using unattended ground sensors (UGS) for surveillance and intelligence collection, and while they are effective in many scenarios, the current UGS technologies have capability shortcomings and characteristics that limit their usefulness in many applications. These shortcomings include the lack of radar search capabilities due to cost, weight, power and size constraints. Radar could add additional capabilities to UGS such as improved search and discriminating moving and stationary targets from clutter and noise. This research effort will leverage radio-frequency integrated circuit (RFIC) miniaturization methods, and Senscorp’s expertise in Doppler radar sensing to develop low cost, low weight, low power, multifunction radar on a chip. The radar chip will be capable of supporting search, track, identification, and communication.

APPLIED TECHNOLOGY ASSOC.
1300 Britt SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 767-1224
Mr. Darren Laughlin
ARMY 07-181      Awarded: 12/10/2007
Title:Miniature North Seeking Module (MNSM)
Abstract:Applied Technology Associates (ATA) proposes to develop a miniature North seeking module (MNSM) based on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) inertial angular rate sensing devices. The MNSM measures the Earth’s rotation vector to determine azimuth and is independent of GPS, celestial body sight angle, and the magnetic North. ATA’s enabling sensor (ARS-15, 8cc volume, 60grams) will be integrated on an ultra small, low power turntable and rotated to determine azimuth angle from North. ATA will demonstrate the technology that has the potential of augmenting, or replacing magnetometer based compasses in the battlefield. Army applications for a precision MNSM include Far Target Locators (FTLs) for the improved target acquisition system (ITAS), and Javelin command launch unit (CLU). ATA will investigate several algorithms that will be used to minimize the error of the MNSM azimuth calculation. The initial desired horizontal accuracy is 10m at 3000m (3mrad, 0.2 deg), however the proposes MNSM is expected to exhibit azimuth errors less than 1 mrad (0.05 degree) in less than one minute based on initial analyses. The signal to noise (SNR) between the Earth spin vector and the inherent noise of the ARS-15 enables high fidelity measurement of the Earth’s spin rate vector.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Dr. Anthony J. Dietz
ARMY 07-182      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:CFD Toolkit for Modeling Parachutists in Freefall
Abstract:A recent increase in the occurrence of pilot parachute deployment hesitation events during training has focused attention on the flow about parachutists in freefall. An improved understanding of this flow will contribute to better equipment and improved safety. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis is a powerful technique for exploring such flows. Once validated against experimental data, CFD solutions may be used to probe the flow in detail and to evaluate the effects of changes in body position or equipment configurations. However, a high level of modeling and analysis expertise is required to generate accurate solutions of appropriate fidelity. In this project, Creare will develop a Freefall Modeling Toolkit, in which the modeling process will be simplified and the user guided through each of the modeling, meshing, analysis, iteration, and visualization tasks required to generate a valid solution. In Phase I we will demonstrate our approach by modeling a specific parachutist configuration and validating the results against experimental data. We will then develop a design for the toolkit based on the results and customer feedback. In Phase II we will implement the Freefall Toolkit and validate it for a wide range of body positions, equipment configurations, and drop conditions.

SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Mr. Thomas T. Myers
ARMY 07-182      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:The Free Fall Analysis and Simulation Tool (FAST)
Abstract:The Free Fall Analysis and Simulation Tool (FAST) is designed to bring the power of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to the analysis of the aerodynamics and dynamics of parachutists in freefall. The primary application will be in the design of new free fall equipment and techniques. A key objective of the FAST development will be to provide a highly specialized and very efficient tool that is relatively easy to use by analysts with limited background in aerodynamics and dynamics. FAST will consist of three primary modules: the Aerodynamics Module which contains the CFD element, a Dynamics and Control Module and a Digital Manikin Module, which simplifies the generation of parameter values for the other two modules. The CFD component will implement the Immersed Boundary Method which will greatly simplify grid generation for the end user and ultimately provide a unique capability for dealing with complex body motions. The Digital Manikin will allow the FAST user to simply specify a parachutist’s height, weight and equipment suite and have the surface geometry for CFD grid generation and the mass properties for dynamic analysis automatically generated. Arms and legs will be positioned within bio-kinematic constraints from a graphical display of the manikin.

PROTOTYPE PRODUCTIONS, INC.
21641 Beaumeade Circle Suite 311
Ashburn , VA 20147
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 858-0011
Dr. Paul Howard
ARMY 07-183      Awarded: 1/16/2008
Title:Accessory Rail Communication and Power Transfer
Abstract:Today’s U.S. soldiers benefit from the best training and the most advanced equipment than any other previous generation of U.S. warfighters. With the advanced technology, however, has come an increased reliance on electrical power and portable batteries. As an example, the current M-4 rifle, with its Modular Weapon System (MWS), can be equipped with numerous optics, laser designators/sights, and lights, all with different power requirements and battery supplies. The result is a heavy weapon and a heavier field load of batteries to accommodate the various accessories, which ultimately impacts the soldiers’ effectiveness, particularly on longer missions. At present, the Army is requesting a solution be developed that will allow for compatible accessory attachment with existing rail attachments, along with a common power supply and accessory communication system. Prototype Productions, Inc. (PPI) has reviewed the challenges associated with this effort, and PPI has prepared several preliminary solution concepts. PPI proposes to conduct a detailed analysis of these proposed concepts to determine feasibility of the optimum concept.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics & Holography Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Alexander Parfenov
ARMY 07-184      Awarded: 3/31/2008
Title:Secure, Multi-Channel High-Speed Wireless 3D-Video Transmission
Abstract:To address the Army need for high-speed wireless 3D video transmission to support virtual dismounted soldier training, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Secure, Multi-Channel High-Speed Wireless 3D-Video (SMuCH-3D) transmission system based on an UWB (ultra-wideband) directional antenna and image prediction algorithms. The proposed system contains projection optics with image-producing high- definition microdisplays with SVGA resolution, microdisplay driving electronics, and a novel electronic wireless link interface for communication with the base computer station that generates video images and directional antennas, and UWB transmitters connected to the scene image generators. The innovation in the wireless link interface will enable the SMuCH-3D to present SVGA resolution simulated stereoscopic images to the user, while the innovative directional antenna array and secure transmission result in gapless display for multiple users. In Phase I POC will show the feasibility of the SMuCH-3D by design and breadboard demonstration of the SVGA-resolution COTS components. In Phase II we will demonstrate a TRL 5 SMuCH-3D prototype transmitting stereographic images to multiple users at 10-20 m in an Army simulator environment.

RPA ELECTRONICS DESIGN, LLC
1285 Chenango Street
Binghamton, NY 13901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 771-0393
Mr. Richard Pray
ARMY 07-184      Awarded: 3/31/2008
Title:High Speed Wireless 3-D Video Transmission to Support Virtual Dismounted Training
Abstract:The use of real world portable devices such as binoculars, helmet mounted displays, and night vision goggles is expanding, providing today's warfighter with greater amounts of visual information to process in real time. Training the soldier to become proficient with each of these complex systems is crucial to their effectiveness. Training devices lack the immersive, real 3D world to stimulate such systems, requiring simulation engineers to make tradeoffs. To achieve high resolution imagery necessary for reasonable replication of imagery, cables have been employed to provide the bandwidth required. Such tethers, however, restrict user range of motion and therefore training effectiveness. Recent advances if radio frequency (RF) commercial technologies improve greatly on past RF performance, and now provide the leap in available bandwidth necessary for delivering multiple high resolution video streams to portable devices. This proposal takes advantage of these new RF data links, and provides a highly adaptable solution to allow future advancements to be readily incorporated into multi-player portable training systems.

D & S CONSULTANTS, INC.
P.O. Box 7259
Freehold, NJ 07728
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 542-3113
Mr. Brian Holmes
ARMY 07-185      Awarded: 3/31/2008
Title:Battlefield Effects for Live Embedded Training
Abstract:This Phase I proposal describes the process used by DSCI /Icon Team to identify a solution for the Battlefield Effects for Live Embedded Training. The DSCI/Icon Team will use our expertise in Tactical Engagement Simulation Systems to investigate alternatives for providing the desired Battlefield Effects required by this SBIR Topic, and will develop a system that we have coined as the “Embedded Battlefield Effects Simulation System” or EBESS. As part of the Phase I Option, DSCI proposes to begin initial development of a prototype of the solution recommended by the Phase I effort, which will be used to demonstrate the feasibility to the U.S. Army for a Phase II development effort to implement an embedded Live Training Battlefield Firing Effects system on a current force vehicle and demonstrate it in a Live Training exercise.

ADVALUE PHOTONICS, INC.
4585 S. Palo Verde, Suite 405
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 514-1100
Dr. Shibin Jiang
ARMY 07-186      Awarded: 11/12/2007
Title:Handhold High Resolution Visual Detector for Ceramic Armor
Abstract:We propose to design and implement a novel field portable THz detector for examining vehicle armor panel and body armor based on the high frequency (0.5-10 THz) and high power THz source and a commercial high resolution focal-plane array (FPA) camera. The crucial high frequency THz source will have subwatt-level power that is sufficient to penetrate thick armor ceramics for high resolution imaging, which will be designed and implemented. The proposed field portable THz detector will provides unique and high resolution diagnostic tools for identifying and locating the non-ballistic impacts of vehicle armor panel and body armor in the field. Furthermore, it will be the most promising detector for homeland security, especially for the remote sensing and imaging of hazardous materials, such as improvised explosive devices (IED), drugs and poison chemicals due to its high power, tunable high frequency and high resolution.

EVISIVE, INC.
8867 Highland Rd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(225) 769-2780
Mr. Bob Stakenborghs
ARMY 07-186      Awarded: 3/16/2009
Title:Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) and Testing of Ceramic Armor
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of the application of a patented microwave scanning device as a portable NDE methodology to perform monitoring of the health of ceramic armor from non-projectile impacts. The scanning process utilizes microwaves as an interrogating beam to penetrate a dielectric material. The microwaves combine and form an interference pattern that is reflected at areas of changing dielectric constant. This method has been used successfully in preliminary studies on many different types of dielectric materials, including monolithic ceramics and samples of Stryker and ASV program armor panels. This method has also been shown to be capable of providing a quick and accurate identification of discontinuities in ceramic material samples. This method permits real time evaluation by inspection from one surface only, through non-contacting encapsulation such as Kevlar or rubber, saving access time and cost. Evisive microwave scanning technology has been demonstrated for the Army through Argonne National Laboratory. The included letter of support from TARDEC refers to that investigation.

KTECH CORP.
1300 Eubank Blvd. SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 938-4192
Dr. Bruce Freeman
ARMY 07-187      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:Phase Transition Explosive Driven Pulsed Power Generators
Abstract:This SBIR proposal is intended to address the experimental development of Shock Wave magnetic flux compression Generators (SWGs) for applications to be used in the US Army’s multifunction munitions. The US Army requires high-energy density power supplies that are capable of functioning properly in high G environments. Conventional magnetic flux compression generators (FCGs) probably cannot be adequately hardened to operate under these circumstances. However, a variant of the FCG technology, namely shock wave flux compression generators (SWGs) hold the promise for being able to survive the high G launch needs of the US Army. These generators work by using the phase change of a working material under strong shock conditions to perform work on a magnetic field. To date, the only experimental research appears to use implosion systems to create high magnetic fields. However, for SWGs to become useful power supplies, divergent geometries must be shown to be able to compress the magnetic fields. We intend to develop the SWG for the Army’s directed energy applications. While the hydrodynamic computer codes CTH and ALE3D will be used, the emphasis will be on the experimental testing of the generator designs, differing working materials, and various explosives. Thus, within the Phase I of this effort, SWGs will be designed, fabricated, and dynamically tested. If appropriate, a second set of tests will be performed during the Option period. Phase II development will examine the use of SWGs to power directed energy devices of interest to the US Army. Phase III development will extend this effort by working with the US Army and its contractors to provide useful solutions for Army requirements.

HEM TECHNOLOGIES
602 A Broadway St
Lubbock, TX 79401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 747-7511
Dr. David Hemmert
ARMY 07-188      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Power Conditioning for Explosive Pulsed Power for Missiles and Munitions
Abstract:Explosively driven pulsed power has developed significantly over the past few years in the form of Magnetic Flux Compression Generators (MFCG), Ferroelectric Generators (FEG), and Ferromagnetic Generators (FMG). However, two critical areas still need to be addressed to make it possible to use these technologies in small munitions. First, the generator output needs to be matched to the load in order to deliver maximum amount of power. A second problem with explosively driven generators is that they tend to be sensitive to high strain loads. HEM Technologies, with the Texas Tech University Pulsed Power and Power Electronics Center, propose to address these critical issues with several solutions focused on FEG technology.

LOKI, INC.
1006 Kingshighway
Rolla, MO 65409
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 239-6944
Dr. Sergey I. Shkuratov
ARMY 07-188      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:Power Conditioning for Explosive Pulsed Power for Missiles and Munitions
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create the power conditioning needed for explosive driven pulsed power devices to properly drive various loads being considered as payloads for missiles and gun launched projectiles. The system we are proposing will be complete unit, to include all components necessary for operation: miniature explosive-driven primary power source, a corresponding impedance- matched miniature power-conditioning system, and a deployable antenna. The target overall diameter of the systems will be 25 mm, and the systems are to be g-force hardened. These microwave generators are intended to radiate a series of ultra- wideband pulses from tens to hundred of megawatts in power, and the systems will be autonomous, simple, reliable in operation, inexpensive, and easily produced.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-3642
Dr. M. Franklin Rose
ARMY 07-188      Awarded: 11/26/2007
Title:Power Conditioning for Explosive Pulsed Power for Missiles and Munitions
Abstract:The objective of this research and development effort is to create the critical power conditioning elements that are integral to munitions capable of generating electronic kill mechanisms in addition to blast, and impact damage. Inherent in the design of the conditioning elements, is the requirement that they must be capable of sustaining severe g-loading as a result of the launch process that delivers the munitions to its target. At present, we are aware of no ultra-compact, diameter on order of 1 inch, explosive driven pulsed power system that is capable of hundreds kilovolts output voltage at hundreds of megawatts levels. We propose to develop a unique ferroelectric explosive generator charging a vector inversion generator to generate a high voltage, nanoseconds rise time, shock hardened power supply. The total unit contains the energy source, power conditioning, and requisite switching and is fabricated in an inherently shock-hard way. The significance of this work is that it is possible to build an ultra compact single shot/multiple shot highly efficient explosive driven electrical pulse generator that is robust and with sufficient power and energy to drive a variety of RF converters. These units have numerous applications in impulse radar, flash x-ray systems.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dr. Hartmut H. Legner
ARMY 07-189      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Ice Hydrometeor Interactions in Shock Layers and Hot Material Surfaces
Abstract:The proposed effort is a new, low-cost testing technique for ice hydrometeor impact on hot material surfaces simulating high-speed missile flight at altitude. This screening method will allow rapid evaluation of the performance of new radome materials and surface materials used on hypersonic vehicles as they encounter ice particulates in flight. The portable ice-particle gun system will have three gas guns that can be independently fired to simulate both single and multiple impacts on the same impact location. The ability to assess ice pellet damage on hot material surfaces is unique and new. During the Phase I effort, the gun system will be designed, fabricated and demonstrated. A simple model for ice particle behavior in high speed shock layers and the subsequent material damage will be developed in order to predict and analyze experimental observations. Laser-simulated hot tests will be demonstrated in the Phase I Option effort.

ADVALUE PHOTONICS, INC.
4585 S. Palo Verde, Suite 405
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 514-1100
Dr. Shibin Jiang
ARMY 07-190      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:High Power 2.1 Micron Fiber Laser
Abstract:High energy laser can provide a tremendous benefit to the army for area protection against rockets, artillery, and mortars (RAM). There is concern about high energy laser systems potentially causing collateral eye damage due to scattering off of target surfaces. We propose to develop innovative high efficient high power 2.1 micron fiber laser that is scalable to power levels of greater than 10kW. This new fiber laser is retina safe which significantly reduces the possibility of permanent eye damage due to laser scattering, and exhibits good atmospheric transmission which is necessary to use laser to provide protection against rockets, artillery, mortars (RAM), and other potential threats. We will design new glass composition to host high rare-earth doping concentration to generate extremely efficient fiber laser, characterize the spectroscopic properties to identify the optimum doping concentrations, design and fabricate large core double cladding single mode fiber, and demonstrate efficient fiber laser. Slope efficiency of 65% is expected. Successful development of such innovative highly efficient high power fiber laser with output power of 10 kilowatts level would revolutionize the fiber laser development and enable many new applications.

Q PEAK, INC.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Mr. Glen A. Rines
ARMY 07-190      Awarded: 12/21/2007
Title:Tm:fiber-Based, Reduced Eye-Hazard Laser
Abstract:Until recently, gas lasers were the only technology that could provide the powers required for Directed Energy (DE) applications, such as providing area protection to Army forces against rockets, artillery, and mortars. Recent advances in solid state lasers have shown their potential for power scaling to DE levels, and their lack of expendables is major advantage over gas systems. To date, the solid lasers involved have employed either neodymium (Nd)- or ytterbium (Yb)-doped media, either bulk crystals or silica glasses drawn into fibers. All operate in the 1000-1100-nm wavelength region, which, because the wavelengths are invisible but are transmitted to the retina, leads to a significant operational concern about eye safety in real-world uses. Even minimal reflections from targets or debris can exceed the eye-safety limit. Q-Peak has recently developed high-power, efficient, thulium (Tm)-doped, 2000-nm-wavelength fiber lasers that have the potential to scale up to kW power levels. In the work we propose here, we will investigate techniques for fiber-laser beam combination that would further scale the power to DE levels, while maintaining high beam quality.

ACULIGHT CORP.
22121 20th Avenue SE
Bothell, WA 98021
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Pratheepan Madasamy
ARMY 07-191      Awarded: 11/21/2007
Title:Photonic Crystal Development for High Power Lasers
Abstract:The Phase I effort will show the feasibility of reaching 10+kW average power in Yb- doped, photonic waveguide amplifiers emitting near-diffraction-limited output beams. We will show that this innovative technology permits us to avoid nonlinearities and thermo- optical fracture, while producing near diffraction-limited output in the multi-kilowatt regime. By the conclusion of the Phase I effort, we will have addressed the major risks involved in power-scaling the technology to 10+kW.

CORCORAN ENGINEERING, INC.
49 Jerome Ave.
Newton, MA 02465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-0687
Dr. Christopher J. Corcoran
ARMY 07-191      Awarded: 11/29/2007
Title:Monolithic Self-Fourier Photonic Crystal Laser Array
Abstract:The proposed project will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a scalable coherent high power laser array using a photonic crystal structure and a monolithic self-Fourier cavity. In the proposed Phase I effort, the optical design of the multicore photonic crystal structure will be analyzed and a monolithic Self-Fourier cavity will be designed. The mode matching properties of a self-Fourier cavity to the photonic crystal structure will be experimentally demonstrated using bulk optics in a scaled experimental demonstration. During the 4-month Option, a monolithic Self-Fourier cavity of the appropriate scale to match the photonic crystal structure will be manufactured and the mode matching capabilities demonstrated. A complete full-scale laser design will be developed for the Phase II project.

OASIS ADVANCED ENGINEERING, INC.
3200 Cross Creek Parkway
Auburn Hills, MI 48326
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 373-9800
Mr. Jeff Minor
ARMY 07-192      Awarded: 10/19/2007
Title:Embedded Virtual Driver Training Technologies
Abstract:Oasis will develop a driver’s periscope capable of switching between 1) the normal optical view of the battlefield, 2) a synthetic image for displaying sensor imagery or a simulated battlefield, and 3) a combined view similar to an aircraft Heads Up Display (HUD). Oasis has already developed a prototype of such a device and its design is unique in that it has no moving parts, increasing reliability. The objectives of this SBIR program will be to adapt the existing design to a driver’s periscope of a current force vehicle, integrate it with night vision sensors, and collimate the display image. In Phase I, Oasis will identify design options, evaluate the feasibility and relative merits of those options, develop the conceptual design, and prototype the collimating optics components. Phase II will produce a fully functional prototype.

OPTICAL RESOLUTIONS, INC.
155 east main street suite 308
brewster, NY 10509
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 940-0457
Mr. Paul Weissman
ARMY 07-192      Awarded: 11/6/2007
Title:Embedded Virtual Driver Training Technologies
Abstract:The objective of topic ARMY 07-192 of Army SBIR 07.2 is to develop and demonstrate a prototype visual imaging solution for low-cost, virtual, fully embedded vehicle driver training focused on current force combat vehicle vision blocks and night driving sources. Optical Resolutions Incorporated (ORI) and its subcontractor, RTI International, propose to select and design a visual system concept chosen from trade offs conducted between possible visualization system solutions and the physical constraints of current force combat systems driver stations. These solutions will be based on extensions to the vehicle vision blocks and will incorporate the ability to display the output of night vision sensors. We will research newly available optical and display components; view-mode switching techniques; micro-fabrication methodologies; and interface technologies to transform the conventional, direct view vision block into a dual-purpose viewing device that supports, in addition, a driver visualization of a virtual battlefield. In phase I, the project team will study the configuration of driver crew stations of current force fighting vehicles (Abrams, Bradley, Stryker, etc.) to determine which one is most amenable to the implementation of a switchable vision block (SVB). This determination will be based on tradeoffs between possible solutions to provide ET to the driver station. The interface between the SVB and the image generator will be implemented to connect, in the indirect view mode, to either the VR training data base or the video products of the night vision technology device(s) to support day and night combat operations without the need for a separate, dedicated night vision port. We will also investigate HUD-like projection technologies capable of supporting yet a blended view mode in which sensor-derived information can be overlayed over the real world scene for enhanced situational awareness. This phase of the project will culminate with the selection of a combat system and a corresponding SVB concept design for driver ET. Available and developing technologies in optics, displays, and wireless transmission will also be researched to attain the most reliable, lowest cost and weight possible implementation of an SVB to satisfy the ET, virtual driver training requirements.

CYBERNET SYSTEMS CORP.
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Mr. Douglas Haanpaa
ARMY 07-193      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Battlespace Target Presentation in the Live Training Environment
Abstract:The proposed system creates augmented reality targets for live fire training using novel optical beacons. These optical beacons are easily added to current training facilities and are use to determine the soldiers position in a scene with respect to an environment model of the surrounding structures. The system uses a forward looking camera to ascertain the soldier’s position with respect to the buildings, and then overlays virtual 3D targets into the scene via a heads up display. Because of the environment map the virtual targets can realistically move in and out of buildings, and take cover. The targets will use scripting tools acquired from the gaming industry to perform complex maneuvers, and adaptively respond to the soldier’s behavior. The location of misses and hits from the rifle is determined using Cybernet’s I3M rifle pose detection device. This device has the added benefit of allowing the soldier to interact with the target via gross body movements, and reposition of the rifle. The head mounted display is kept stationary using helmet-mounted actuators and an eye-tracking camera. This eye-tracking camera is also used to monitor the soldier’s gaze direction for enhanced training.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dr. Ryan Kilgore
ARMY 07-194      Awarded: 11/6/2007
Title:Multimodal Interfaces for Synthetic Training Environments (MIST)
Abstract:Current synthetic training environments are limited in their effectiveness by their exclusive use of conventional human-computer interaction techniques (e.g., mouse/keyboard/joystick). To successfully train soldiers in small-unit tactics, trainees need to be able to interact with semi-automated forces through the use of realistic gestural and verbal communication interfaces. To improve training by incorporating realistic interfaces, we propose to design and demonstrate Multimodal Interfaces for Synthetic Training environments (MIST) through the use of a reconfigurable hardware and software system. Four components define our approach: First, we will determine the types of communication needed by analyzing soldier communication needs through studying doctrine documents and interviewing and observing subject matter experts. Second, we will use this analysis to drive the design of multimodal interfaces for use in synthetic training environments. This effort will focus on the use of voice recognition to support verbal commands, and the use of inertial sensors to support gestures. Third, we will design and demonstrate an innovative software and hardware system that will support configuration, selection, and adaptation of multimodal interface methods. Fourth, we will define initial evaluation metrics and develop an evaluation methodology for assessing the utility and efficacy of the proposed multimodal interface methods.

RESEARCH NETWORK, INC.
1201 Roberts Blvd. Ste. 120
Kennesaw, GA 30144
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 354-0182
Mr. James A Saffold
ARMY 07-194      Awarded: 10/19/2007
Title:Modeling Human Interfaces and Behaviors in Dismounted Soldier Training Environments
Abstract:This research will specifically look at the dismounted soldier simulation environment and aim to make significant advances for the command and control of computer generated forces such as Blue Force and unmanned platforms. These advances will use intelligent human interfaces, particularly voice recognition and other multi-modalities such as hand signaling.

FORTERRA SYSTEMS, INC.
1855 South Grant Street 3rd Floor
San Mateo, CA 94402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 433-4027
Ms. Laura Kusumoto
ARMY 07-195      Awarded: 11/6/2007
Title:High Fidelity Visual Representation of Crowds
Abstract:Today’s contemporary operating environment is filled with individuals and crowds that have become a tactical asset to the enemy. When confronted by crowds, soldiers face the ambiguity of not knowing who is friend or foe and likely don’t possess the requisite cross-cultural communication skills to adequately respond to the rapidly changing threat. Poor choices result in escalation of hostility threatening lives and the mission. Learning appropriate skills to deal with individual and group behaviors is an imperative; and a variety of game-based technologies show promise to close the training gap. Forterra and Charles River Associates propose to research game technologies and crowd modeling approaches that can be integrated to produce an appropriate virtual training system. We propose to analyze the behaviors of crowds to understand their dynamics then to look at available cognitive modeling architectures. We’ll look at several game based platforms to find an appropriate match to support virtual training with large numbers of avatars in an asymmetric warfare environment. A feasibility demonstration is proposed as a culminating event. Emphasis will be placed on solutions than can be commercialized to support similar training needs in combat medicine and emergency preparedness.

REALTIME TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1523 N. Main Street
Royal Oak, MI 48067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 890-4871
Mr. Brian Collins
ARMY 07-195      Awarded: 11/6/2007
Title:High Fidelity Visual Representation of Crowds
Abstract:Soldiers in remote territories need to be able to quickly assess the prevailing threat level from crowds in urban settings. Existing training solutions, however, do not generally provide realistic crowd simulation capabilities, as commodity graphics hardware has not, until recently, been up to the task. To generate effective crowds in a typical visualization environment involves the generation of hundreds of characters, which may exert a heavy load on graphics systems already taxed by terrain, structures, vehicles, and various scene clutter. In addition, plausible crowd behavior, both for individuals and the collective, is an equally important element in realistically simulating crowds. These behaviors must be scriptable and dynamically controllable to provide the flexibility necessary to accurately prepare troops for any urban situations they may encounter. The aim of this project is to design and develop a complete crowds framework to populate a virtual environment with hundreds of characters. Crowd behavior will be governed by a cognitive model designed to allow the flexibility to provide high level scripting, while simultaneously allowing for the collective emergent behaviors so fundamental to real crowds.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mr. Magnús Snorrason
ARMY 07-196      Awarded: 12/19/2007
Title:Automatic Recognition of Signs for Enhanced Navigation Awareness, and Localization
Abstract:GPS technology provides a warfighter in unfamiliar territory with up-to-date location data. However, in dense urban and heavily canopied environments, or in the presence of external interference, the effectiveness of GPS-based navigational systems can be severely compromised. Warfighters require a navigational system capable of providing localization data and improving situational awareness even under GPS-suppressed conditions. We propose a system called Automatic Recognition of Signs for Enhanced Navigation Awareness, and Localization (ARSENAL) capable of automatically detecting and recognizing road signage that would directly address this problem by providing precise geographic location (e.g. intersection of two roads) as well as general awareness (e.g. speed limits, “road closed/dead end”). ARSENAL identifies regions in an image that exhibit sign-like properties based on cues common to most signs like the presence of text, vivid color, planar surfaces, compact shape, and retroreflectivity. These cues are fused to produce sign hypotheses which are accumulated over time to classify sign regions with high confidence. Finally, symbolic information (e.g. embedded text) is segmented and recognized from the detected signs, improving situational awareness and providing accurate navigational data.

QUANTUM SIGNAL, LLC
3741 Plaza Drive Suite 1
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 994-0028
Dr. Mitchell M Rohde
ARMY 07-196      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:ESARR: Enhanced Situational Awareness via Road Sign Recognition
Abstract:Situational Awareness (SA) systems leveraging Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have become a mainstay for vehicles, troops, and even unmanned systems (such as unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs)). Unfortunately, in urban, semi-urban or canopied terrain GPS signals can be difficult or impossible to receive consistently. New and alternative tools to enhance situational awareness are needed to fill this gap. Road signs can potentially serve as an alternative to GPS in these environments – by definition; they are designed to provide information related to location. Quantum Signal LLC proposes to develop ESARR: a tool for enhanced situational awareness via road sign recognition. The system will be easy to operate, and will provide enhanced SA to the warfighter by: 1) Capturing & processing road sign images in stills/video & extracting information from them; 2) Relating the extracted information to maps/GIS to ascertain position (i.e. geo-bounding); 3) Efficiently communicating this information back to the soldier in a manner that is timely and informative. The system will be based on a combination of advanced image processing techniques and will be able to perform the road sign reading function robustly under a variety of conditions from video in real-time.

MKP STRUCTURAL DESIGN ASSOC., INC.
2500 Packard Suite 105
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8860
Dr. Zheng-Dong Ma
ARMY 07-197      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Modeling, Simulation, and Design Optimization of Nanocomposites for Applications in the Army
Abstract:In this program, we will develop a comprehensive modeling, simulation, and design optimization tool for nano-composites in order to predict, with accepted fidelity, nano- composite behaviors; and to design optimum nano-composites for specific Army applications. We will design, prototype, and test a new advanced composite armor with nanomaterials to demonstrate the effectiveness of using nanocomposites to enhance Army vehicle protection. The fundamental technologies to be developed in this research include multiscale models of the considered nanomaterials, homogenization methods, and design optimization tools based on these models. The resultant simulation and design system will address major concerns in functional requirements of Army’s ground vehicles, including mechanical strength, hardness, durability, ballistic and blast impact resistance, etc. The new technology will enhance evaluation and development capabilities of the Army for developing new innovative materials to meet current and future challenges. The proposed simulation and design system will have the following features: 1) Multiscale modeling of nano-materials; 2) Advanced nanomaterial design capabilities based on the multiscale models; 3) Validated physics at both nano-level observation and macro-level testing; 4) Imbedded manufacturability consideration in the nanomaterial design process; and 5) Function-oriented material design at multiple scales, including nano- and macro-scales.

ATA ENGINEERING, INC.
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2085
Dr. Gareth Thomas
ARMY 07-198      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Reconfigurable Structures for Future Force/Future Combat System (FF/FCS) and Joint Force Bridging Applications
Abstract:A deployable bridge design concept is proposed that is capable of supporting a 68 Ton M1A2 tank over a span of 50m. This concept is easily configured to accept alternate combinations of span length and vehicle loads. The structural design has adequate strength for all load cases and adequate stiffness in the static and dynamic modes of deformation that are important to operational performance. Key to the success of the bridge concept is the use of materials that exhibit high strength and stiffness. Tensile members are generally constructed of UHMWPE ropes with compressive members made of carbon fiber composites. The suitability of these materials will be demonstrated in Phase I by extensive computer simulation. The structural system can be compressed into a compact package for storage and transportation in a C-130 aircraft. In one proposed version of the bridge system a pneumatic bladder system is used to assist deployment in both short and long span applications. This option, as well as other issues, will be addressed in a design specification that will be developed early in Phase I. This specification will help guide design development in a controlled way towards a design goal that is clearly defined by the Army.

MARITIME APPLIED PHYSICS CORP.
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 524-3330
Mr. Kevin Silbert
ARMY 07-199      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Advanced Active Electromechanical Track Tensioner Development
Abstract:Research and development of an innovative and advanced active track tensioner is proposed. Multiple control schemes will be investigated, as will multiple integration issues that are inherent in the use of the system on high speed military tracked vehicles.

MILLENWORKS
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5512
Mr. Peter LeNoach
ARMY 07-199      Awarded: 12/13/2007
Title:Advanced Electromechanical Track Tensioner
Abstract:MillenWorks proposes to develop a mathematical model that will simulate the dynamic performance of a track system on a track-laying vehicle. This model will be used to study the effects of track tension on fuel economy, track component wear and track retention. This model will also be used to create specifications for future track tensioning devices, as well as for use in developing control algorithms for dynamic track tension control.

MAGNETIC APPLICATIONS, INC.
9810 Isabelle Road
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 257-2848
Mr. Harold Scott
ARMY 07-200      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Vehicle Based Exportable Power
Abstract:The Offerors address the limitations of conventional towed or deck-mounted generator sets by examining the feasibility of using their proprietary high performance HPD (High Power Density) vehicle alternators and a novel MSC (Microprocessor Supervisory Circuit) to develop Vehicle-based Exportable Power capability to accomplish the following power generation tasks: • Using a single vehicle, provide 12VDC, 28VDC, 120VAC, and 3-Phase 220VAC to vehicle-mounted and external equipment such as floodlights; welders; a small command post, clinics or mess facilities. Depending on the vehicle/alternator used, output powers from 20kW to 50kW are possible • Using multiple vehicles, form a small electrical power grid to provide 12VDC, 28VDC, 120VAC, and 3-Phase 220VAC to larger sites, such as radar/missile battery installations, larger command and control sites, data processing and telecommunications sites, temporary barracks and large-scale field kitchens, field hospitals, forward airfields, etc. The Vehicle-based Exportable Power electrical power grid is composed of multiple nodes, and possesses “designed-in” redundancy, has no additional impact on a mobile force’s sea/air-lift resources, is transparent to the mission capabilities of the vehicles in which it is installed, and because the number of nodes can be changed to meet changing electrical power demands, is inherently adaptable to changing mission requirements.

MILLENWORKS
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5512
Mr. Peter LeNoach
ARMY 07-200      Awarded: 12/3/2007
Title:Vehicle Based Exportable Power
Abstract:Dynamic supply of clean, reliable electrical power in remote locations and during emergency situations is increasingly called for by today’s military. Current diesel engine/generator sets (gensets) are not self-mobile, requiring an additional vehicle to tow or transport them to where power is needed. Current tactical vehicles, such as HMMWVs, have been successfully retrofitted with high power alternators, but lack the electronics needed to export this power and the intelligence needed to safely and reliably coordinate multiple vehicles in order to achieve power outputs greater than ~35kW, such as the ~100kW required by a field hospital. Therefore a system which converts ubiquitous, mobile tactical vehicles into a distributed power supply system is called for. MillenWorks proposes to develop a Grid Interactive Vehicle Exportable Power (GIVE- Power) system which is intelligent, scalable, safe, and fault tolerant. By seamlessly converting fleets of vehicles into go-anywhere grid power supplies, MillenWorks will help the Army to provide the dynamic power systems required on today’s battlefield. MillenWorks intends to develop both a system architecture for communication, coordination and cooperation between multiple vehicles as well as the electrical hardware necessary to monitor and understand the output from various vehicle alternators and the conditions on an existing energized or unenergized power grid. A key feature of the proposed system is its applicability and expandability to new hybrid- electric and fully-electric vehicles, which are increasingly being adopted both in the military and by the general public. MillenWorks has a plan to capitalize on both military and commercial markets for intelligent vehicle-based power distribution by developing a robust, distributed, coordinated power management system.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6326
Dr. Irene Kung
ARMY 07-201      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Battery-Powered, Field System for Visual Extraction of Ceramic Shards from Wounds
Abstract:Rapidly removing sharp ceramic fragments embedded in the body after a shattering impact on a small arms protection insert (SAPI) is critical to the optimal recovery of wounded personnel. Because tiny SAPI pieces are made of materials that are difficult to visualize, however, they are often overlooked in an initial medical response, leading to dangerous situations where the shards migrate during medical evaluation. Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes an innovative system that integrates fluorescent inorganic nanoparticles into existing SAPI manufacturing; under black light delivered from a battery-powered medical implement, these fragments will luminesce. IOS’s novel system will assist medical personnel in visualizing spall in the initial triage, resulting in more efficient cleaning of the wound. These nanoparticles also contain elements that react strongly to a magnetic field and would have strong signals in subsequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. With the support of an established SAPI manufacturer, we propose to demonstrate the robustness of these fluorophores to extreme conditions of SAPI production; we plan to show that dopants will not diminish SAPI protection capabilities. We plan to perform a detailed analysis of material integrity, luminescence, and biocompatibility, and provide cost benefits of near-term, mass production.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Dr. Shi-Hau Own
ARMY 07-202      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Advanced Technologies to Improve Fire Resistant Fuels
Abstract:Luna Innovations proposes a novel flame resistant fuel formulation that will meet the Army’s need for self extinguishing JP-8 and diesel fuels. Recent research in water-in- fuel emulsions has demonstrated great advances to reduce flammability of fuels through its self extinguishing property. Although this technology has been very effective at reducing the hazards of incendiary threat, these materials present a significant logistic burden through necessary fuel blending equipment in storage, distribution and handling of the fuel. Luna has identified a new fuel additive that takes advantage of the beneficial properties of the materials already studied, with significantly enhanced stability. This additive is formulated such that it will be stable indefinitely, and thus negate the need for auxiliary equipment on site. This technology will confer the safety advantages of self extinguishing characteristics, while maintaining high engine performance and decreasing logistic burden of the state of the art materials.

POLARIS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
200 Westside Square Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
Dr. Larry Pezzaniti
ARMY 07-203      Awarded: 12/5/2007
Title:Rapid Field Test Method(s) to Measure Additive Concentrations in Military Fuel
Abstract:Detection of fuel quality and fuel additive status in petroleum at multiple points in the fuel delivery chain is highly desirable in order to prevent military vehicles from being disabled by low quality fuel. Polaris Sensor Technologies will develop a small portable sensor comprising spectral, optical and electrochemical technologies which when combined produce a portable instrument capable of detecting a fuel additive concentrations and measure a number of fuel quality metrics. The fuel additive sensor requires no sample preparation and is expected to provide a sensitive measurement of concentrations of relevant military fuel additives. Polaris Sensor Technologies will partner contract Southwest Research Institute, recognized authorities in Fuel quality, to develop the Portable Fuel Additive Sensor.

ECK INDUSTRIES, INC.
1602 N. 8th St.
Manitowoc, WI 54220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(920) 682-4618
Mr. David Weiss
ARMY 07-204      Awarded: 1/5/2008
Title:Ablation Casting of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites
Abstract:The Ablation process is a liquid to solid phase conversion process that has cooling rates exceeding 400F per second coupled with steep thermal gradients approaching 900F over a .500" span. Preliminary work casting Aluminum Metal Matrix Composites (359, 30% SiCp) using this technology demonstrated better SiC particle distribution than shown in other casting processes. Preliminary data suggest higher mechanical properties than like composites produced in gravity casting. Better distribution of the hard phase will improve machinability and improve fracture toughness, reducing or eliminating barriers to aluminum metal matrix composite components.

GS ENGINEERING, INC.
101 West Lakeshore Drive
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-1235
Mr. Glen Simula
ARMY 07-204      Awarded: 11/16/2007
Title:Develop Aluminum Metal Matrix Components (Al MMC) and Manufacturing Applications for both Military and Commercial Vehicles
Abstract:Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) materials have been available since the 1950’s. The reason MMCs are not called out as a material choice by vehicle design engineers is because they have not proven to be cost effective. A successful MMC program is one that delivers an extremely lightweight component at a cost target affordable to the weight sensitive wheeled vehicle market segments. The contractor will utilize Century 3+ Ring Extruder technology to mass produce ceramic preforms with consistency and reliability for safety critical components such as brake drums. The contractor chose a selective reinforcement strategy where the ceramic will only be positioned in areas of need. This approach minimizes raw material cost; eliminates unnecessary MMC machining costs; and allows for ductility & toughness where it is needed in a component. The contractor has prior experience in the design, manufacture, and testing of MMC-reinforced steering arms, brake drums, brake calipers, track shoes, and connecting rods. The contractor has a large customer base that includes many of the military truck vehicle manufacturers, and these relationships will be important when there is the opportunity to integrate the component to the vehicle.

GCAS, INC.
1531 Grand Avenue
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Mr. Scott Woodson
ARMY 07-205      Awarded: 11/7/2007
Title:Accelerated corrosion simulation and Modeling
Abstract:This proposal describes a complete vehicle corrosion simulation and modeling tool called ACES (Accelerated Corrosion Expert Simulator) that has a high degree of correlation to actual accelerated corrosion test. The system will utilize existing 3D Vulnerability models which will be expanded. Geometric detail will be added associated with observed corrosion hot-spots from prior correlations with accelerated and other corrosion testing and observations. Tool will include a robust Knowledge Acquisition Facility that incorporates learning algorithms for semi-automatic updating of the models as new experimental or field data is obtained showing the models to be inadequate in some areas. The ACES system will include models for various coating application and their breakdown, poultice entrapment areas and the mechanism for corrosion in crevices, etc. )

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Mr. Gregory J. Kacprzynski
ARMY 07-205      Awarded: 11/13/2007
Title:Generating Correlated Corrosion Life Predictions from Affordable Accelerated Test Data
Abstract:Impact Technologies LLC, in collaboration with the Ohio State Fontana Corrosion Center, proposes to develop and demonstrate an innovative multi-scale Bayesian-based approach for both correlating probabilistic corrosion model predictions with accelerated test data and for definitively improving the accuracy of models as experience grows. Since the Army is currently challenged with costly and burdensome full-scale accelerated corrosion testing, this program also promises to provide a flexible software architecture with which tuned models, in conjunction with component and/or subassembly tests, can serve to validate vehicle corrosion performance more affordably. In a comprehensive Phase I software demonstration, the development team will highlight automated model correlation processes, based on an accelerated vehicle subassembly corrosion test performed at the OSU Fontana Center. As an HLA-Compliant toolkit for corrosion modeling, we will further demonstrate how varied data sources such as service life histories, expert rulebases, accelerated tests and correlated lifing models can be integrated to generate reliability predictions as a function of expected platform usage, maintenance and environment.

FERRO SOLUTIONS, INC.
215 First Street, suite 203
Cambridge, MA 02142
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 225-7878
Dr. Robert O'Handley
ARMY 07-206      Awarded: 11/8/2007
Title:Novel magneto-electric ground-vehicle magnetic-field anomaly sensors
Abstract:The Army has a growing need to detect the anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field due to the presence or motion of ground vehicles in the battle-space. Laminations of magnetostrictive and electroactive materials have shown magnetic field sensitivity comparable to that of flux gate magnetometers, yet their theoretical sensitivity is ever better. Ferro Soutions experimental and theoretical work on a variety on such artificial magneto-electric (ME) devices indicates a clear path toward advancing ME sensors closer to their limiting sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio. Theory of these devices indicates that with more efficient elastic coupling between the magnetostrictive and electroactive elements, the sensitivity can be comparable to that of a superconducting quantum-interference device (SQUID) magnetometer. This proposal outlines a program leading to micro-fabrication of low-power-consuming, high-sensitivity ME magnetic field sensors integrated on a chip with their processing circuitry. It is shown that outstanding performance can be expected from such devices due to the enhanced stress coupling of the layers made by microfabrication and the enhanced electro-mechanical coupling of relaxor crystals.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Yungping Yang
ARMY 07-206      Awarded: 10/30/2007
Title:Magneto-Optic Ground Vehicle Identification and Detection System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for the distant detection of ground vehicles by measuring their magnetic signatures and distortions in the Earth’s magnetic field, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Magneto-Optic Ground Vehicle Identification and Detection (MOVID) system. The proposed MOVID system is based on spin wave generation and characterization in magnetic films using optical interferometric heterodyne detection. The innovative combination of spin wave generation and optical interferometric heterodyne detection will enable the MOVID to robustly detect and identify ground vehicles at a distance of 100 m within less than 1 sec, with a very low false alarm rate. The battery-powered MOVID system will be fitted into a very compact package (10 cm x 10 cm x 5 cm), weigh less than 1 lb, and can be mounted on a robot or a vehicle. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MOVID by physics-based theoretical analysis and numerical simulation; assemble a breadboard MOVID prototype; and conduct preliminary experiments. In Phase II, POC will assemble an advanced MOVID prototype based on the specifications provided by the Army. The advanced prototype will be designed to be integrated into the Army’s Future Combat Systems.

ALTEX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8302
Dr. John T. Kelly
ARMY 07-207      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Advanced Low Pressure Drop Radiator for HMMWV and Other Vehicles
Abstract:Advanced radiators are needed for military vehicles, to allow engine output to be increased to meet new performance requirements. These radiators need to transfer more heat to the cooling air, while simultaneously reducing radiator size, pressure drop, weight and cost. Altex has identified and performed preliminary tests on a novel heat exchanger design that can meet the above challenging objectives. Under the base Phase I project, the novel heat exchanger will be designed, fabricated and tested, at subscale, to show the feasibility of the concept. Based on the test data, the design will be refined and costs estimated to show the benefits of the concept versus conventional vehicle radiators. Under the Phase I option effort, a full scale prototype test article will be designed and fabricated, ahead of testing to be carried out in the Phase II effort.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Dr. Pavel Bystricky
ARMY 07-207      Awarded: 12/6/2007
Title:KaZaK Advanced Radiator Design (KARD), a Low Weight, Low Volume, High Performance Composite Radiator
Abstract:KaZaK Composites Incorporated will develop and demonstrate a next generation heat exchanger incorporating a new lightweight, low cost structure that reduces pressure drop across the radiator and improves overall cooling efficiency compared to the current production HMMWV radiator. The motivation for such advanced radiator systems is driven by the current need to increase the power pack size and output to compensate for increased vehicle weight arising from additional armor protection and other capabilities. KaZaK development efforts will focus on the use of novel higher conductivity fibers in carbon composite fabrication to produce a radiator with high thermal conductivity. The novel engineered thermal composite materials have higher specific thermal efficiency than aluminum, offering improved performance for lower volume and mass. The greater specific thermal efficiency allows for more compact packaging because of the ability to more effectively dissipate heat. The innovative composite system will serve both as thermal management and structural material. This technology will be integrated to produce and test a preliminary prototype HMMWV radiator. Upon completion of Phase I, the Army will have insight into a new, high performance radiator system that will demonstrate significant improvements in performance as KaZaK moves toward qualification in Phase II.

BAKER ENGINEERING, INC.
17165 Power Dr.
Nunica, MI 49448
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(616) 837-8975
Mr. Jack Jerovsek
ARMY 07-208      Awarded: 12/4/2007
Title:Development of small fuel efficient multi-fuel capability engine
Abstract:The Baker Opposed Piston Single Cylinder Engine is a 24 cu.in., 30 Hp engine with high power density (0.803 Hp/lb or 45.7 Hp/cu.ft.) capable of running on multiple fuels. The engine concept offers a totally new look at small engine development while utilizing several conventional engine components. In addition to high power density, the engine has significant advantages over current small engine programs, in both military and commercial applications. Previous development contracts have proven that the engine concept is viable and exciting. Now research is required to adapt the engine to the current military requirement for smaller applications and to advance the technology to a point where it will become a viable alternative. Specific primary areas of development that will be addressed in Phase I include: mechanical engine design, engine simulation/modeling, fuel research and component bench testing. Looking toward a Phase II SBIR, the objective will be to build and test a prototype of the 30 Hp engine.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Mr. Chris Mento
ARMY 07-208      Awarded: 11/30/2007
Title:Development of a Small Multi-fuel Capability APU for Abrams, Bradley, and Stryker Vehicles
Abstract:The Army is currently interested in obtaining small engines that are lightweight, reliable, durable, fuel efficient, and low cost for many applications. One application of this small engine technology is for use as an auxiliary power unit (APU) for the Abrams, Bradley, and Stryker vehicles. The APU would provide power for onboard electronics and reduce the need to run the main engine continuously. The proposed APU would also be an improvement over existing units in terms of weight, noise, and fuel consumption. In Phase I, Mainstream will perform a detailed simulation of the proposed engine using advanced software modeling that is a standard in the engine design industry. Using the results of this simulation, an initial design for the 8-kW engine will be obtained. Various technologies to improve performance of the engine will be demonstrated on Mainstream’s 2-kW diesel generator. Performance-enhancing technologies that will be investigated in Phase I include turbo/super-charging, electronic fuel injection, variable valve timing and camless valve actuation.

BUCKYTECH, LLC
12135 85th Place North
Maple Grove, MN 55369
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 805-9155
Dr. Ming Zang
ARMY 07-209      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Embedded Resonated Screen Air Filtration Device
Abstract:To address the Army need for development of designed-by-reliability zero-maintenance air filtration system for modernization of military air filtration systems for ground vehicles to increase the system service life and reduce operation and support costs, BuckyTech, LLC proposes to develop an Embedded Resonated Screen Air Filtration device, based on a new, highly efficient nano-fiber mesh with embedded resonators, which is built on a substrate of thicker fiber mesh to form an integrated air filtration device. High efficient particle filtration, longer service life, and zero-maintenance are achieved by the self- cleaning nano-fiber mesh. Vibrated by the embedded resonation system at a resonant frequency, the self-cleaning nano-fiber mesh will screen and block particles > 7 microns in the air flow. Keeping the fiber mesh and the substrate from the particle attachment and contamination, the self-cleaning function can increase the new device’s service life longer than the existing systems by 65% or greater. In Phase I BuckyTech will demonstrate the feasibility of this innovative device and develop a detailed design for its implementation in the fabrication. In Phase II BuckyTech will conduct a detailed investigation of each production step, implement the innovative device fabrication, and demonstrate a prototype of the self-cleaning air filtration system.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Michael Reznikov
ARMY 07-209      Awarded: 11/19/2007
Title:Contraflow Vortex Air Precleaner
Abstract:To address the Army need for a zero-maintenance air filtration system for diesel engines of tactical military vehicles that eliminates all particles above 7 microns with service life increased by >65%, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the new Contraflow Vortex Air Precleaner (CVAP) technology. This proposed technology is based on synchronous rotation of coaxial counter-directed vortices that centrifugally move dust particles to the external vortex and flush them out. The device will perform better than 99.5% air cleaning, with the capability to adjust the clean air flow according to the dust content in the inlet air. CVAP is compact—only a short time of axial flight is sufficient for dust extraction because of the fast acceleration of dust particles (~30 ms for 1-micron particles; bigger particles are removed even faster), lightweight, and low in production cost. It will have a long lifetime because of the absence of any moving parts. In Phase I POC will design, build, and demonstrate the proof-of-concept CVAP prototype. In Phase II POC plans to develop, build, and demonstrate the performance of the CVAP prototype with a Detroit Diesel 6V53T engine.

IROBOT CORP.
63 South Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 418-3291
Dr. Brian Yamauchi
ARMY 07-210      Awarded: 10/30/2007
Title:Stingray: Control of High Speed Unmanned Vehicles
Abstract:iRobot Corporation and Chatten Associates propose to jointly develop the Stingray teleoperated control system for driving the iRobot Warrior UGV at high speeds. The Stingray Project will integrate Chatten’s HARV (Head-Aimed Remote Viewer) immersive telepresence system with proprioceptive behaviors on iRobot’s dynamically- reconfigurable Warrior UGV to provide unprecedented capabilities for driving small UGVs at high speed in complex environments. During Phase I, we will develop the initial design for the Stingray control system. We will implement and demonstrate immersive teleoperation with the HARV controlling the Warrior up to its maximum current travel speed. We will explore the use of variable fields-of-view and a panoramic 360-degree camera to provide additional operator awareness. We will also analyze the feasibility of using the Warrior’s dynamic track configuration and weight shifting to control oversteer and understeer. The final report will include documentation of the design tradeoffs, feasibility analysis, and predicted performance. For the Phase I Option, we will implement proprioceptive driver assist behaviors to dynamically adjust the handling characteristics of the Warrior, and we will add stereo audio to the teleoperation system. In Phase II, we will complete the design of the control system and build a fully-integrated Stingray Warrior UGV.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Wenjian Wang
ARMY 07-210      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Unmanned Vehicle Stability Control and Sensor Integration System
Abstract:To address the Army need to control high-speed unmanned ground vehicles, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an new Unmanned Vehicle Stability Control and Sensor Integration (UVS-CASI) system. UVS-CASI is based on the unique integration of multimodal (proprioceptive/ultrawide-FOV vision/acoustic) sensors with haptic feedback control, real-time processing software and a minimum-latency wireless communication system. The innovation in multimodal sensing with haptic feedback control will enable remote control of unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) at high speed (40 km/h) in urban or off-road environments, with early rolloever/tipover warning capability. In addition, ultrawide-FOV vision and acoustic sensors provide complete situational awareness for effective UGV operation. The sensor data will be transmitted through a minimum-latency (<20 ms) wireless communication channel to ensure smooth and responsive remote UGV control. UVS-CASI will be compact (3 in. x. 3 in. x 6 in.), lightweight (~3 lb.), and power-efficient (~1 W). In Phase I, POC will demonstrate these capabilities by developing and testing key components of the control system, and conducting tradeoff analysis and performance prediction. In Phase II, POC will build a prototype system, and test it on a UGV in an outdoor environment. Supporting technical documents will also be delivered.

QUANTUM SIGNAL, LLC
3741 Plaza Drive Suite 1
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 994-0028
Dr. Mitchell Rohde
ARMY 07-210      Awarded: 10/30/2007
Title:DRIVER: Data-Rich Interface for Vehicle Remote Operation
Abstract:Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) will play an important role in the nation’s next- generation ground forces. Control of UGVs is accomplished remotely, through a command system that allows an operator(s) to receive sensor data from the UGV and send motion commands to the vehicle. Remote control (i.e. teleoperation) of a UGV is a physically and cognitively complex task, because the operator must command the vehicle based on limited sensory information. This problem is exacerbated when an operator attempts to command a vehicle traveling at high speed. Bridging the gap between current teleoperation systems and a system that can enable robust high-speed teleoperation requires innovation in several areas, including visual sensing, auditory and tactile sensing, and embedded control algorithms. To address the above challenges, Quantum Signal work proposes to develop the DRIVER system for high speed UGV teleoperation. The system will be easy to operate, and will enable safe operation of UGVs at high speeds by: 1) Providing a diverse, data-rich sensory environment to the operator via a compact, man-portable interface; 2) Seamlessly embedding intelligent stability control algorithms in the operator interface; 3) Efficiently transmitting sensor feedback and driver commands over a wireless network with limited bandwidth.

ACULIGHT CORP.
22121 20th Avenue SE
Bothell, WA 98021
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 482-1100
Dr. Mark S. Bowers
ARMY 07-211      Awarded: 11/28/2007
Title:Autonomous, Real-time, 3D Change Detection System
Abstract:Aculight Corporation, together with Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control (LMMFC), proposes a novel system approach that uses a mature 3D imaging laser radar (LADAR) design and leverages existing 3D image processing algorithms to meet the needs for an autonomous, real-time, 3D change detection system. The LADAR imaging system usies a compact, eye-safe, high-peak power, short pulse fiber laser with proven scanning LADAR technology. The LADAR imaging system is capable of generating 3D images at a distance of >350 m with less than 10 cm range precision.

SYSTEMS & PROCESSES ENGINEERING CORP.(SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Mr. Bradley Sallee
ARMY 07-211      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:LADAR 3D Change Detector
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a LADAR for 3D change detection, consisting of a SPEC miniature LADAR combined with two Hyper X64™, high speed, low power, processors, a GPS and IMU to give a miniature, light weight, low power system capable of detecting small, 50mm changes, while driving down a road at highway speeds. Use of 3D LADAR images eliminate lighting, field of view and magnification errors, allowing discrimination of changed fixed objects and identification of moving objects for real time threat evaluation. Key components are the SPEC eye-safe LADARs, capable of 30Hz frame rate, 78 degree, 408 pixel diameter field of view and obtaining the first three objects in range and the Hyper X64™ processor, capable of 24GFLOP at record breaking 64GFLOP/watt. Software consists of 3D image construction module, the SLAM (Simultaneous Location and Mapping) module which globally registers the image and DTMO (Detection and Tracking of Moving Objects) module to discriminate moving objects. These feed a change detection module whose output is displayed to the operator, overlaid on a visual image. These software modules must run at real time rates to be effective, making computational speed and power per GFLOP key parameters.

AEGIS TECHNOLOGY
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Dr. Timothy Lin
ARMY 07-212      Awarded: 1/16/2008
Title:Application of Spot Cooling Technologies for the Thermal Management at the Source
Abstract:Advancements in high-efficiency heat dissipation techniques are imperative to meet the long-term requirements in thermal management of power electronics in various combat vehicles. Commercially used techniques, which generally cool the whole circuit in a package level, can not well solve the specific problem of cooling the circuit with highly localized/concentrated hot spots. The ability to cool the localized hot spots directly will enable the resultant thermal management system to handle high heat flux yet with less size/mass and power consumption required. Therefore, in this proposed research program, Aegis Technology will: (1) Develop and demonstrate a novel class of spot cooling technology by utilizing electrowetting-based droplet manipulation that enable the implementation of thermal management at the source for future power systems with highly concentrated hot spots; (2) Identify the underlying technical issues that govern the fabrication and performance of this novel class of thermal management; and (3) Use this knowledge to design and manufacture the thermal management system that exhibit heat dissipation capability as required by the Army. The anticipated technological impact of the proposed research program is the design, development and implementation of an automatic hot-spot cooling concept that will improve the design and fabrication of future thermal management with unprecedented power, weight and size savings.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Mr. Greg Cole
ARMY 07-212      Awarded: 1/22/2008
Title:Nano-Structure Enhanced Microfluidics Device for Spot Cooling
Abstract:The Army is currently seeking advanced thermal management technologies for cooling localized hot spots in military vehicular power electronics. Electrowetting microfluidic devices provide highly-efficient discrete cooling with nano-liter volumes of fluid. The microdroplet is typically sandwiched between two hydrophobic coated electrodes. A control voltage is applied successively across multiple control electrodes, manipulating the interfacial forces, and transporting the fluid. State-of-the-art systems require large voltages (30-40 V) to initiate movement. A nano-structure enhanced microfluidics device is proposed that will reduce this large threshold voltage and increase heat transfer rates. In Phase I, Mainstream will fabricate and demonstrate the improved microfluidics device. Test results will be compared to other microfluidics devices found in the literature. A specific Army vehicle, power electronics system, and microelectronics device will be selected for analysis. In Phase II, Mainstream will fabricate an integrated microelectronics/microfluidics device and complete extensive testing. The technology will be ready for transition to the Army at the end of Phase II.

NEW SPAN OPTO-TECHNOLOGY, INC.
16115 SW 117th Ave. A-15
Miami, FL 33177
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(305) 321-5288
Dr. Pengfei Wu
ARMY 07-213      Awarded: 11/9/2007
Title:Broadband Non-Focal-Plane Laser Protection Device based on Fast Nano-scale Molecular Switching
Abstract:Current frequency-agile technologies for laser eye and sensor protection rely on nonlinear optical effects. However, the nonlinear optical materials must be located at the focus of optical system for high fluences necessary to activate the effective protection mechanism. The use of focusing optics leads to many practical limitations in system performance, size, weight, architecture and cost. Also, most nonlinear materials do not have broad spectral response against the frequency agility of laser threats. Based on our preliminary study, we proposes herein a novel Non-Focal-Plane Optical Power Limiter (NFP-OPL) for protecting eyes and sensors against lasers throughout the visible spectrum with improving normal transmission, time response and limiting performance. The operation mechanism of NFP-OPL is based on sensitive nano-scale molecular switching processes, rather than electronic transitions of higher energy levels. Thus, large nonlinear optical effect with high optical sensitivity can be obtained without using any focusing optics. The proposed device will be polarization-independent and thin-film- like with high optical quality, allowing ample transmission of ambient visible light. Phase I will demonstrate feasibility of NFP-OPL. The performance will be optimized in Phase II to yield a practical functional, rugged prototype with improved system performance and cost reduction to support military and commercial applications.

COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCES, LLC
2317-A Market Place
Huntsvillle, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 694-3056
Dr. Steven R. Vosen
ARMY 07-214      Awarded: 11/20/2007
Title:Co-Simulation Software for Rapid Prototyping of Vehicle Cooling Systems
Abstract:Use of virtual, simulation-base prototyping is starting to be routinely used to streamline and optimize the design of cooling systems required by military ground vehicles. A new generation of integrated simulation tools is however needed to effectively deal with the evolving complexities of the new cooling system designs. This proposal addresses this need. In Phase I we will develop and demonstrate a novel software capability for performing system analysis based on software and hardware co-simulation concepts, automatic generation of models of cooling system components, and a unique approach enabling automatic, on-line optimization of cooling system operation. In Phase II the prototype tools will be refined, and additional features will be added to enable designers to graphically prototype a system, optimize its functionality and distribute the analysis data from a single GUI. The tools will be validated and demonstrated on selected vehicle configurations selected in consultation and collaboration with the Army.

TES INTERNATIONAL LLC
2265 Livernois Road Suite 701
Troy, MI 48083
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 362-2090
Dr. Scott Hale
ARMY 07-214      Awarded: 1/22/2008
Title:Innovative Simulation and Analysis Tool for Vehicle Thermal Management
Abstract:The purpose of this investigation is the design and development of a prototype modeling and simulation tool for rapid thermal analysis in support of evaluation and optimization of propulsion cooling systems in conventional and hybrid military ground vehicles. Propulsion system thermal management has become critical due to increases in field related thermal issues related to environmental conditions and increased vehicle loads. The increases in computer performance in recent years have removed many of the pitfalls associated with this type of analysis tool allowing for a high degree of accuracy without an increase in computation time. Our proposed solution will provide a complete thermal management environment that offers a variety of approaches each ideal for modeling a type of cooling component/scenario. This will include the ability to link and couple various model types from simple “network” based models to more complex models involving a mixture of “networks” and full CFD/Computational Heat Transfer based component modeling. TES has a wide range of experience in the development of thermal analysis software. Through collaboration with TACOM, under another SBIR, TES has developed an efficient analysis package which will be modified and customized during Phase I to meet the goals of this investigation.

THERMOANALYTICS, INC.
23440 Airpark Blvd P.O. Box 66
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 380-4348
Mr. Craig M. Cless
ARMY 07-214      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:Innovative Simulation and Analysis Tool for Vehicle Thermal Management
Abstract:Military vehicles are being deployed in extremely hot environments. Designing optimized cooling systems has become a considerable challenge. System performance can be optimized if system integrators can analyze proposed configurations rapidly and accurately, while keeping pace with an evolving vehicle design. A modeling tool to support rapid trade studies of vehicle thermal management system variants integrated into vehicle design variants is proposed to meet this need. We are proposing to add features to MuSES, the Army standard for thermal and IR signature analysis of ground vehicles, to enable rapid, easy-to-setup analyses of engine cooling systems. We intend to create a library of 1D, or limited node number models of component parts, including values for parameters necessary to describe their thermal behavior. We will then create a means to include these 1D models within a 3D MuSES vehicle model, so a designer can investigate the cooling performance quickly and easily. These features, combined with MuSES’ ability to model a complete vehicle in a natural weather environment, will produce the desired prototyping modeling capability.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1330
Mr. John Player
ARMY 07-215      Awarded: 12/17/2007
Title:Biomimetic Energy Absorptive Smart Armor
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program Infoscitex is proposing to develop a biomimetic energy absorptive smart armor system to protect our troops and their light armor vehicles against both conventional and unconventional explosion threats. Our approach involves designing and fabricating a variable modulus ceramic face plate in which coupled piezoelectric ceramics and electroactive polymers enable an immediate highly energy absorptive shape change that also redirects energy laterally along the surface of the armor from an impinging blast wave. During the program IST will design, fabricate and test the hybrid smart material face plate armor to determine the best combination of response time, energy absorption and manufacturability. IST will build a small test demonstrator to show how the response time and structural properties change after a simulated blast wave. In the Option, IST will further develop the technology to increase energy absorption and decrease response time. An investigation of the scale up steps required from a manufacturability perspective will also be undertaken with our commercial armor team partner. During a follow on Phase II program, IST will work with its commercial armor partner to scale up the smart armor fabrication process and integrate it with our partner’s proprietary attachment technology.

MKP STRUCTURAL DESIGN ASSOC., INC.
2500 Packard Suite 105
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8860
Dr. Zheng-Dong Ma
ARMY 07-215      Awarded: 12/3/2007
Title:Develop Smart Material Technology for Improved Protection of Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of the proposed SBIR program is to develop new concepts and design methodologies of smart materials for blast-protective structures that can be implemented on combat and light tactical vehicles for improved protection of crew and vehicles. The smart material technology considered in this research is defined as a new class of materials that can react to external excitations such as blast and ballistic impact in a designed way to counter such excitations and perform the desired action utilizing energy from the excitation. Based on their designs and imbedded sensing and actuation mechanisms, smart materials will be able to reconfigure so to mitigate the damaging effect of threat. Three major differences between the proposed new smart material and traditional smart materials are: 1) it acts in a reactive way without requiring an external energy supply; 2) it can be destroyed for energy absorption or other predefined purposes; and 3) its post-damage behavior plays an important role in its functionality. Innovative smart material concepts will be direct outcomes of the new design methodology developed to cover a wide range of different applications, including ballistic and blast protections and crashworthiness of vehicle structures.

AASA, INC.
47715 Bowline Terrace Ste 100
Sterling, VA 20165
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 444-6170
Dr. Rolf Epinger
ARMY 07-216      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Determination of Human Injury Mechanism, Mechanical Response and Tolerance for Improved Virtual and Physical Biomechanical Test Devices for Vehicle Crashworthiness Applications in Rollover Crash Scenarios
Abstract:Vehicle rollovers continue to be one of the most hazardous and costliest types of crashes among both military and civilian vehicles in the U.S. While rollover crashes only constitute 2.2% of civilian crashes, they make up 33% of the total cost of civilian crashes. An analysis of military mishap data showed that rollovers occur less frequently than frontal and rear impacts, but have the highest rate of injury and fatality. However, there are currently no military safety standards, and only the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration static roof crush, and interior padding requirements standards to regulate rollovers. The goal of this proposed SBIR effort is the development of a suite of new, proven, rollover-specific safety tests. These tests will have the greatest potential for understanding the kinematics, and reducing the hazards, of the rollover crash situations. The research will be conducted by gathering and analyzing existing literature, tests, and tools, and will ultimately lead to improved safety in vehicle during rollovers.

ALBERT I. KING
1000 Bretton Lane
Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 489-5926
Dr. Clifford Chou
ARMY 07-216      Awarded: 11/27/2007
Title:Determination of Human Injury Mechanism, Mechanical Response and Tolerance for Improved Virtual and Physical Biomechanical Test Devices for Vehicle Crashworthiness Applications in Rollover Crash Scenarios
Abstract:The objectives of this proposal are to identify the injury patterns and possible causations during military rollover crashes, and to critically review the injury mechanisms, available physical and virtual tests related to military rollover crashes. First, an epidemiological review of the victims involved in military ground vehicle rollover crashes will be conducted to identify the injury patterns and sources. Next, the risk factors associated with the likelihood of the top three most commonly injured body regions will be evaluated by a series of logistic regression analyses. Two critical literature reviews regarding the injury mechanism and tolerance, as well as the existing virtual and physical test devices will be conducted thereafter. Based on these two reviews, a plan will be developed to reconcile various rollover crash modes to a limited set of rollover tests for military vehicles. It is expected that the proposed studies will give us a better understanding of the most commonly injured body regions during military rollover crashes, why these injuries occurred, and how to setup a systematic approach to prevent them. Findings from this study will be used to derive Phase II objectives for reducing rollover associated injuries.

MIGMA SYSTEMS, INC.
1600 Providence Highway
Walpole, MA 02081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 660-0328
Dr. Michael Zeifman
ARMY 07-216      Awarded: 12/11/2007
Title:Model-Based Study of Rollover Automotive Crashes
Abstract:Migma Systems, Inc. and Professor Cynthia Bir of Wayne State University propose an innovative technology to gain a better understanding of injury mechanisms and criteria in rollover crashes. In Phase I, we propose to use our expertise in coarse-grained crash modeling and in statistical processing of the results to test the applicability of various traditional and new injury criteria in rollover crash. Real data obtained in civil (NHTSA) and military settings will be used for the criteria validation as well as to obtain the probability and severity of injuries. In addition, the distribution of injuries in real military rollover crashes will be used to measure the appropriateness of the various existent rollover tests and to design new modified physical tests. To this end, the occupant injury criteria will be calculated for each test setting and the probabilities of injuries will be subsequently estimated and compared to the empirical distributions. As a result, more advanced and validated injury criteria will be developed and more accurate injury risk assessment will be possible.

MICRO COOLING CONCEPTS, INC.
7522 Slater Ave. Suite 122
Huntington Beach, CA 92647
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 847-9945
Mr. Jack M. Fryer
ARMY 07-217      Awarded: 11/9/2007
Title:Self Contained Two-Phase Thermal Management System
Abstract:Thermal management is a growing problem in all areas of military systems, due to increased use of electronic systems, and more stringent requirements on efficiency, size, and weight. In the case of next generation Army ground vehicles, heat sources will provide significant heating at various locations around the body. These sources must be cooled independent of the vehicle’s thermal management system, meaning that the thermal management system must provide its own coolant, circulation system, and means of dissipating the waste heat to ambient. Such a system will require coolers to extract the waste heat from the heat sources, coolant lines or a coolant “bus” to transport the heat away from the heat sources, and a heat exchanger to reject the heat to the ambient environment.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Matthew Rickard
ARMY 07-217      Awarded: 11/15/2007
Title:Ultra-Compact Field Enhanced Thermal Superconductor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a self-contained two-phase thermal management system for dissipating heat from electronics onboard next-generation ground vehicles, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Ultra-compact Field Enhanced Thermal Superconductor (U-FETS). This proposed system is based on the novel integration of three microscale electrofluidic technologies. The innovative U-FETS will remove a total of 3 kW from four distinct sources, each of which may be as small as 25 sq. cm. The electric-field- enhanced two-phase thermal superconductor components of the U-FETS will demonstrate improved coefficient of performance and heat flux capabilities in comparison to existing systems. Optimization tests will be conducted to ensure maximum performance. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of U-FETS by the fabrication and testing of a conceptual prototype. In Phase II POC plans to develop a complete compact prototype to test in a relevant environment, proving that the U-FETS will meet the Army’s need for cooling electronics onboard next-generation ground vehicles.

AEGIS TECHNOLOGY
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Dr. Timothy Lin
ARMY 07-218      Awarded: 2/7/2008
Title:Nano-material Conducting Wires With Enhanced Electric/Thermal Conductivity and Mechanical Strength
Abstract:Small-size high power electronics is in the roadmap of the electronics from both military and civil application demands, especially for the military vehicles, where the complex vertronics are used in high vibration and harsh conditions. Hence the electrical cables, wires, circuit leads, contacts, and interconnects are being improved in three areas: (1) electrical conductivity for less heat generating and high power efficiency, (2) thermal conductivity for effective heat dissipation, and (3) mechanical strength resistant to harsh environment. Based on the results of the recent studies performed on the forming mechanism of the high strength and high conductivity (HSHC) nano material copper, Aegis Technology Inc. intends to develop a cost-effective processing technique derived from the ball-milling process under low temperature conditions in order to produce high volume HSHC Cu. Then from the produced bulk Cu, various dimensions from tenths of a micrometer to several millimeters of wires will be produced with enhanced mechanical strength (>5times) and high electrical conductivity (>80%) as compared to the pure coarse grain Cu.