---------- ARMY ----------

25 Phase I Selections from the 08.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ARTIS, LLC
11410 Isaac Newton Square North Suite 110
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0420
Dr. David R. Hunter
ARMY 08-001      Awarded: 7/1/2008
Title:Locus of Control and Decision Making Among US Army Aviators
Abstract:Previous research has shown Locus of Control, the sense of being able to directly influence outcomes, can be used to predict a broad range of behaviors, including the actions taken by pilots in potentially hazardous situations. The objective of this Phase I effort is to develop and validate a prototype set of measures for assessing Locus of Control in Army Aviators. To accomplish this objective, we will review data from Army accident files and interview Aviators to identify frequently encountered hazardous situations. We will construct scales to measure Locus of Control and risk orientation among Army Aviators, and will construct a scale, modeled on the Hunter Hazardous Events Scale for use in the validation of these new scales. These new scales, along with established measures, such as the Aviation Safety Locus of Control scale, will then be administered to a large sample of Army Aviators, in a web-based format. The results will be analyzed to establish the psychometric characteristics of the new scales. The web-based data collection and validation of the prototype scales will provide the foundation for the development of an operational on-line survey and data management tool for assessment and tracking of Locus of Control during Phase II.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-3966
Dr. Kara Orvis
ARMY 08-002      Awarded: 7/1/2008
Title:Fostering Leadership for Ethical Climate-Setting (FLEC-S)
Abstract:In modern warfare, Soldiers frequently encounter situations that require sound ethical judgment. Recently there has been an increase in the situations where Soldiers have display unethical behavior in the face of trying circumstances. Given this, it is imperative that an ethical climate is established to guide Soldiers’ judgments and actions. To meet this need, Aptima will develop a training program designed to teach Army leaders to create an ethical climate within their units, identify and react to threats to their unit’s ethical standards, and provide leaders with the ability to practice and reinforce their climate using these skills. This project will develop a model of ethical unit climate-setting behaviors, study the appropriate training techniques to maximize knowledge transfer and skills retention, and work toward the development of a training demonstration. When complete, the Fostering Leadership for Ethical Climate-Setting (FLEC-S) training module will serve as a self-contained, self-paced training system designed to teach Army leaders to set, maintain, and reinforce an ethical climate in their units and teams.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Dr. Sowmya Ramachandran
ARMY 08-003      Awarded: 7/1/2008
Title:Instructional Tools for Training Programs
Abstract:We propose to develop Instructional Tools for Training Programs (ITTP), a web-based toolkit whose ultimate goal is to help instructors and training designers accomplish more effective training by providing them a resource with which to apply principles and techniques from the science of learning, in the course of designing, evaluating, and refining a training program. In pursuit of this goal, we will integrate research on: (1) the cognitive issues underlying the requirements associated with the effective design of training systems; (2) how such systems can best diagnose and help remediate trainee progress; and, (3) the technological underpinnings associated with the implementation of such systems so as to track learner progress. We will take advantage of the scientific base consisting of research in psychology, instructional science, and cognitive engineering, to understand and develop distributed, computer-based instructional tools that are tailored to not only support trainer’s understanding of the learning sciences, but also to help them understand how to diagnose trainee progress. For the design and development of the ITTP toolkit we will leverage our capabilities in the cognitive and learning sciences, training system development, and simulation technology, to help produce tools to optimize learning.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place,Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Dr. Keehoon Kim
ARMY 08-004      Awarded: 9/29/2008
Title:Intelligent Noise Artifact Parallel Analysis Reduction
Abstract:To address the Army need for a real-time suite of noise/artifact algorithms for cognitive and physiological status monitoring (CPSM), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Intelligent Noise Artifacts Parallel Analysis Reduction (INAPAR) system. This proposed system is based on POC’s hybrid-coupled noise/artifact separation techniques to decouple and remove not only EM noise, but also biological motion artifacts, from sensor data even at near-zero SNR conditions. The innovation in the two-layered, selective denoising architecture will enable the INAPAR system to eliminate in real time nonstationary, nonlinear, cluttered electrobiological noise. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the INAPAR artifact/noise reduction performance boundaries under realistic test conditions, including analysis of sensors and noise artifact sources and accuracy. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype system for integration with Army physiological/cognitive monitoring hardware and software and test the prototype in field trials.

QUANTUM APPLIED SCIENCE & RESEARCH, INC.
5764 Pacific Center Blvd Suite 107
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 320-8841
Dr. Leonard Trejo
ARMY 08-004      Awarded: 9/27/2008
Title:Sensor Artifact and Noise Reduction Algorithms for Cognitive and Physiological Status Monitoring
Abstract:Measuring and tracking the physiological and cognitive status of Command, Control, and Intelligence (C2I) system operators will provide useful diagnostic Test and Evaluation (T&E) data and reduce the risk of test failures or accidents. For example, a system that can diagnose and detect fatigue or overload can provide off-line data for gauging system effectiveness, or on-line advisories that increase test safety. However, a critical barrier to the operational deployment of such monitoring systems is the excessive loss of data arising from artifacts recorded by the various physiological sensors. These artifacts can be attributed to external interfering sources, additional physiologic signals (e.g. muscle action) or are related to significant subject motion. Typically 30 to 70% of sensor data collected during performance of active T&E tasks are still severely compromised after processing. The overall objective of this project is to develop and test the feasibility of an integrated, intelligent processing system to reduce the effect of artifacts when monitoring the physiological and cognitive states of C2I operators during T&E operations. The system will use advanced sensors and intelligent software to maximize the quality of sensor data, and provide these data in a real-time format suitable for assessing the effectiveness of T&E operations.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5269
Dr. Babak Azimi-Sadjadi
ARMY 08-005      Awarded: 8/14/2008
Title:A Model Based Simulation of Effect of Complex Terrain in Network Performance Using Efficient Ray Tracing
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes a model based simulation approach to simulate the effect of complex terrain, radio transmission, and interference in network performance. The main technical difficulty in developing such a simulation environment is the complex computational tasks that each node needs to take in order to simulate the physical layer. Therefore, unless we statistically model: 1- the effect of complex terrain and its changes in the channel impulse response (CIR), 2- the effect of CIR in the bit error rate (BER) of the received signal, and 3- interference sources, then building even a small- to-medium size wireless network simulator that accurately models the physical layer is impossible.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Wenjian Wang
ARMY 08-005      Awarded: 8/14/2008
Title:Extended Realistic Network Optimization with Terrian Fading Model
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an accurate representation of complex terrain effects in network simulation, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Extended Realistic Network Optimization with Terrain fading model (ERENOT) technology. This proposed software package is based on extension of existing network simulation packages such as Network Simulator (NS-2) to include terrain effects, considering higher random number cycles for realistic simulation and realistic fading models. The innovation in ERENOT will enable the system to efficiently incorporate a complex terrain model into wireless network simulation with highly accurate fading models and mobility considerations, so that a large-scale wireless/wired sensor network (or MANET) can be accurately evaluated and to provide the means to perform cross-layer optimization. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ERENOT by developing a model for various networked radios (software-defined radios and cognitive radios) in a simulated urban environment and validate the software package with experiments. In Phase II POC plans to develop prototype software that can demonstrate cross-layer interactions on quality- of-service metrics, which will be coded in Microsoft Visual C++ and TCL for optimal performance and will benefit native Microsoft service packages including Direct X and COM technologies.

SCIENCE & ENGINEERING SERVICES, INC.
6992 Columbia Gateway Drive Suite 200
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 539-1748
Mr. Geary K. Schwemmer
ARMY 08-006      Awarded: 7/21/2008
Title:X-Wind Lidar Profiler
Abstract:A novel method of using fluctuations in laser backscatter from atmospheric aerosol concentrations to remotely measure wind speed and direction is proposed. Using pulsed laser beams projected from a small spotting telescope and range gated detectors, we are able to remotely measure 2-D or 3-D wind vectors at contiguous range intervals along a 3-km targeting range with the accuracy and resolution needed to significantly improve ballistic trajectory prediction. The technology is simple, robust, and builds on decades of development by several groups using scanning aerosol backscatter lidar. The turbulent flow of air in the lowest layers of the atmosphere insures an abundant supply of airborne aerosols to serve as tracers of atmospheric motion. Innovative SESI lidar technology turns what were previously one-of-a-kind scientific research instruments into a compact, rugged, and affordable operational wind profiling instrument suitable for military and civilian applications. SESI's Phase II instrument will be a production prototype suitable for mounting on artillery, tanks, and other ballistic gun platforms. Versions small enough to be man portable are contemplated for sniper teams. Civilian applications include airfield wind mapping on a continuous basis and wind surveys needed for developing wind energy farms.

AURIGA MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS LLC
650 Suffolk Street Suite410
Lowell, MA 01854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 441-1117
Dr. Yusuke Tajima
ARMY 08-007      Awarded: 9/29/2008
Title:High-Power Integrated Radio Frequency (RF) Switches for Joint Tactical Radio Systems (JTRS)
Abstract:This program addresses high power RF switches for the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS). The use of traditional pin-diodes possesses significant limitations on the overall system performance due to the high bias current consumption in the forward biased state, relatively slow modulation speeds, vertical layout integration complications and low temperature stability. RF switches based on GaAs technology suffer from low breakdown voltage and low maximum blocking RF powers. To meet the high level requirements for various systems, Auriga Measurement Systems, assisted by M/A-COM Inc., will develop a family of RF switches based on group III nitride HFETs and specifically, insulated gate HFETs. These devices are advantageous due to their much higher power handling capability, temperature stability and high reliability for JTRS RF switches and monolithically integrated switch arrays. During Phase I, insulated gate GaN HFET switch devices will be characterized and device models will be developed. The switching performance will be simulated and compared to the device characteristics. Once the model is validated, single-pole double-throw RF switches will be designed to operate from 2-2000MHz with an insertion loss less than 0.25dB and a maximum power handling greater than 46dBm (40W).

SENSOR ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1195 Atlas Road
Columbia, SC 29209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 647-9757
Dr. Remis Gaaska
ARMY 08-007      Awarded: 5/16/2008
Title:High-Power Integrated Radio Frequency (RF) Switches for Joint Tactical Radio Systems (JTRS)
Abstract:The proposal calls for development of novel type of RF switches for JTRS using patented III-Nitride insulated gate heterostructure field-effect transistors (MOSHFETs). III-Nitride MOSHFETs are excellent candidates for high-power RF stages of JTRS. They possess the highest power densities, highest operating temperatures and best robustness amongst other solid-state devices. The proposers’ team has demonstrated superior performance of monolithically integrated RF switches using MOSHFETs. In the course of proposed work, integrated SPDT and SP4T RF switches meeting the JTRS requirements for insertion loss less than 0.2 dB and switching powers exceeding +46 dBm will be developed.

B & W TEK, INC.
#19 Shea Way Suite 301
Newark, DE 19713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 368-7824
Dr. Jie Yao
ARMY 08-008      Awarded: 9/26/2008
Title:Nano-BiCMOS Night Vision Camera
Abstract:Night vision capability is one of the most important battlefield advantages of the U.S. military, especially in today’s asymmetric warfare. The Gen III night vision goggles in service today is based on the vacuum tube technology with a semiconductor photo cathode, resulting in limitations on view angle, size, manufacturing cost and device operating lifetime. The requirement of special training in combination with the minimum of $2,500 annual cost of ownership has prevented its wide-spread deployment with each and every soldier. Highly desirable is a solid state low-light-level night vision camera using the highly reliable low-cost silicon CMOS technology. We propose a nano-technology solution on the silicon CMOS platform. The proposed nano-BiCMOS low-light-level camera combines the most recently industrialized nano-materials with the miniaturized and monolithically integrated version of a proven solid-state detector technology. The resulting camera is expected to enable surveillance and reconnaissance at night vision sensitivity and large detection distances. In Phase I we will fabricate the semiconductor detector device, to prove the feasibility of our high-resolution nano-BiCMOS imager concept. In Phase II we will prototype the entire night vision camera system to full specifications, which will be delivered to DoD Labs for evaluation and demonstration.

FAIRCHILD IMAGING
1801 McCarthy Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 433-2555
Mr. Bruce Willy
ARMY 08-008      Awarded: 10/1/2008
Title:Megapixel Low Light Level Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) Imager for Persistent Surveillance
Abstract:Continuous improvements in solid state imaging have led to various approaches to meet the combined demands of large format, low noise and high speed requirements. Novel CMOS technology provides the basis for a monolithic CMOS Imaging Sensor (CIS) that meet these demanding requirements. Powered by a multi-billion dollar consumer market, where performance requirements can be as equally demanding as military applications in terms of pixel size, power and sensitivity, this CIS technology is advancing at an accelerated pace. Customizations to CIS design parameters make it possible to meet the performance requirements for very large area dawn to dusk imaging conditions at an affordable price. With new CIS technology breakthroughs and system-on-chip integration the large format CIS will provide a low power, high speed, high performance, affordable imaging solution for persistent surveillance and other military applications.

PRINCETON SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, INC.
7 Deer Park Drive, Suite C
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 274-0774
Mr. John L. Lowrance
ARMY 08-008      Awarded: 10/1/2008
Title:Megapixel Low Light Level Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) Imager for Persistent Surveillance
Abstract:Persistent surveillance missions require the continuous observation of roadways, road junctions, and other areas of interest from platforms operating at low, medium, and high altitude. A single, monolithic CMOS sensor would provide significant advantages in terms of reduced complexity, size, weight, and power. Recent advances in silicon based CMOS technology have shown the potential for operation during extremely low light conditions with both high frame rate and spectral response into the NIR. The technical objectives for this project include: a) a large area, monolithic CMOS focal plane of at least 10K x 10K pixels with potential to expand to 20K x 20K pixels; b) pixel size of 5-10 microns; c) frame rate of 2 – 20 Hertz with sub-array readout capability of not less than 30 Hertz; d) low noise architecture for dawn to dusk operation; e) provision for color and black & white imagery; and f) capable of being manufactured using 200 mm wafer processes. The proposed Phase I study will address the design of a CMOS imager meeting these specifications.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Optoelectronic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mr. Naibing Ma
ARMY 08-009      Awarded: 5/7/2008
Title:Remote Acoustic Signatures Analyzer for Sealed Container Inspection
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a noncontact long-standoff inspection system with the capability to identify the interior fills of a sealed container by detecting its acoustic signatures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Remote Acoustic Signatures Analyzer (RASA). This proposed RASA is based on the unique integration of a state-of-the-art acoustic excitation source, laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV), signal processing electronics, and efficient neural network (NN) software. The innovation in using a new long-range acoustic excitation source and a long-range operation LDV, combined with a newly developed NN-based acoustic signature classification algorithm, will enable the RASA to operate beyond 10 meters with a high probability of detection (>99.9%) and a low false alarm rate (<0.1%). RASA will have a compact size (14 in. x 8 in. x 8 in.) and light weight (<12 lb), and be suitable for field applications. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of RASA by designing and assembling a preliminary prototype based on commercial off-the-shelf components and measuring acoustic signatures from representative container fills. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an engineering prototype RASA and test it under field conditions.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Dr. Deepnarayan Gupta
ARMY 08-010      Awarded: 5/5/2008
Title:Ultra-low-noise Amplifier for Cryocooled SATCOM Receiver
Abstract:HYPRES has developed and demonstrated a family of novel wideband digital-RF receivers for satellite communication (SATCOM) and other radio frequency communication, signals intelligence and electronic warfare applications. The digital-RF receiver uses superconductor integrated circuits and is mounted on a cryocooler, a reliable refrigerator that achieves cryogenic temperatures of 4 K without the need for any liquid cryogens. The present project focuses on the development of an appropriate cold front-end low- noise amplifier (LNA) for an X-Band SATCOM receiver, and its integration on the same cold platform as that for the digital-RF receiver itself. Both low-power semiconductor amplifiers (based on high-electron-mobility transistors or HEMTs) and superconductor amplifiers (based on Josephson junctions and superconducting quantum inteference devices or SQUIDs) will be comparatively investigated in terms of gain, linearity, noise temperature and power dissipation. We will select and measure the performance of cold HEMT amplifiers in collaboration with researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. The target noise temperature is 5 K or less. Based on these results, an optimized prototype amplifier and receiver system will be designed during the Phase I Option, for fabrication and delivery during Phase II.

QUIET SKIES LLC CO.
HC 63 Box 1
Arbovale, WV 24915
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 456-3032
Dr. Glen Langston
ARMY 08-010      Awarded: 5/5/2008
Title:Radio Astronomy based design for an Ultra LNA system
Abstract:Topic ARMY 08-010 concerns one very important aspect of Aerospace Communications, developing a very sensitive receiver system, but with very low maintenance requirements. Our phase 1 proposal is based on refinement of existing technologies we have developed for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), re-packaged for use by the US Army. We have already built a cryogencially cooled system for spacecraft telemetry, in the frequency range 7 to 15 GHz, and operated this system for 5 years. Our system was developed for high data communication and was highly regarded for reliability.

FREENT TECHNOLOGIES
PO Box 22463
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 651-5673
Mr. Herbert U. Fluhler
ARMY 08-011      Awarded: 8/26/2008
Title:Innovative Low-Profile, Wideband Antennas for Radio Receivers on Mobile Air and Ground Platforms
Abstract:Metamaterials are offering a whole new paradigm shift to the design of antennas, promising some amazing new features, capabilities and form factors. However, up till now many of these fantastic improvements are only available in relatively narrow bandwidths. A new metamaterial implementation is proposed that integrates the science of Ultra-wide Band (UWB) antennas with metamaterials in a unique way to obtain UWB performance. The implementation can be used to create very low profile UWB antennas. Furthermore the design can also be case to reduce the size of other antennas as well. With the integration of new dielectric and magnetic materials, a conformal low profile UWB is realizable.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4635
Dr. Yu-Jiun Ren
ARMY 08-011      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Ultra-Wideband, Low-Profile, Electrically-Small Antennas Utilizing Artificial Magnetic Conductors
Abstract:The proposed miniaturized antenna takes advantage of two innovations. These include the novel antenna design concept of coupled sectorial loops and a wideband artificial magnetic conductor substrate utilizing a combination of dielectric and ferromagnetic (ferrite) materials. At its lowest frequency of operation, a coupled sectorial loop antenna (CSLA) can be designed to have maximum dimensions of 0.1£fm„e0.35£fm (where £fm is the wavelength at the lowest frequency of operation) with impedance bandwidths in excess of 10:1. In this proposed work, we will take advantage of the wideband properties offered by the CSLA concept and utilize various modified miniaturized versions of this antenna as the starting point to further decrease its lowest frequency of operation (or equivalently its electrical dimensions). Moreover, we will utilize a wideband artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) substrate and a composite feeding scheme to even further reduce the lowest frequency of operation of the antenna without increasing its occupied area. This will result in an electrically small antenna with maximum dimensions of 0.05£f0„e0.15£f0 with an impedance bandwidth ranging from 300 MHz to 3.0 GHz.

WANG ELECTRO-OPTO CORP.
2140 Newmarket Parkway Suite 110
Marietta, GA 30067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 955-9311
Dr. Johnson J. H. Wang
ARMY 08-011      Awarded: 8/26/2008
Title:Innovative Low-Profile, Wideband Antennas for Radio Receivers on Mobile Air and Ground Platforms
Abstract:There is a definite need for low-profile conformal antenna designs to replace the commonly used quarter-wavelength whip antenna for wideband (covering 0.3 – 3.0 GHz) systems on Army’s airborne and ground mobile platforms. Wang Electro-Opto Corporation (WEO) has been conducting research for such antennas for 15 years, and has developed antennas that are highly promising in achieving the general requirements of this SBIR ARMY 08-011 program. WEO proposes to develop a low-profile wideband antenna by modifying its existing well-established low-profile conformal antennas having a 10:1 instantaneous bandwidth. In Phase-I WEO will seek inputs from the Army technical monitor for specific performance and physical goals. Depending on the specific requirements, one of the following three WEO antenna technologies will be applied: the Spiral-Mode Microstrip (SMM) antenna, the Slow-Wave (SW) antenna, and the Traveling- Wave (TW) antenna. A ½-scale breadboard model that can best adapt to Army’s airborne and ground mobile platforms will be designed, fabricated, and tested in Phase-I. The test results are to demonstrate antenna performance similar to that of a whip antenna, yet having an instantaneous bandwidth over 0.6 – 6.0 GHz and with a low-profile feature suitable for Army’s needs, thus its adequacy for full-scale (0.3-3.0 GHz) brassboard development in Phase-II.

ONTAR CORP.
9 Village Way
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-9622
Dr. John Schroeder
ARMY 08-012      Awarded: 5/22/2008
Title:Embedded Training Enhancement Support Devices for Ground Soldier Systems
Abstract:An Army goal is to create a holistic system of soldiers that is better equipped, informed, protected and trained than before. Presently, there is a gap between the vision of embedded training for the Future Force Warrior and the capabilities vs. cost analysis of most training systems. Due to the cost and operational magnitude of implementing a fully embedded training system at this stage in Ground Soldier Systems development, an intermediary system is desired. The proposed program will implement the go-between system utilizing our TENOR SCORM compliant LMS to provide live, virtual and constructive training modes to mounted and dismounted soldiers. This system will interface with existing tracking technology to track participants for LIVE training exercises. We will integrate simulation software to create gaming environments for VIRTUAL training exercises. TENOR will contain 3D maps and assignable characters for CONSTRUCTIVE exercises and each of these training environments will be linked together for an integrated training solution. At the conclusion of Phase I, we will deliver a demonstration of the TENOR system delivering a training simulation via a handheld device. This demonstration would consist of the TENOR server powering 3 palmtop devices being used by 3 participants in a live training exercise.

TRX SYSTEMS, INC.
387 Technology Drive, Suite 2104
College Park, MD 20742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 405-5836
Dr. Carole Teolis
ARMY 08-012      Awarded: 6/2/2008
Title:Embedded Training Enhancement Support Devices for Ground Soldier Systems
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to provide soldiers with the capability to train anywhere at any time using his/her equipment combined with operational combat systems. We proposed to develop a solution that leverages the TRX SentinelTM Personnel Tracking and Monitoring System. The SentinelTM is able to wirelessly track the location and orientation of multiple individuals in an indoor (GPS denied) or outdoor environment. It does not require the training environment to be equipped with any sensors, communications devices, or other infrastructure. The same technology used for tracking people can be used to track position and orientation of targets as well as the individual soldier’s weapons. Combining accurate soldier and target tracking with weapon orientation and ballistics models will allow hit probabilities to be computed in training missions. Our small inertial sensors could be added to operational combat systems for training scenarios or installed permanently. The SentinelTM System has a modular design and open architecture to facilitate interoperability with existing systems. Local user interfaces for individual soldiers, which enable sharing of the tracked position information as well as other mission critical data, will be designed and implemented under the proposed effort.

DIGNITAS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
14258 Anastasia Lane
Orlando, FL 32828
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 281-6431
Mr. Jon Watkins
ARMY 08-013      Awarded: 4/30/2008
Title:High-Fidelity Runtime Database Engine
Abstract:Increased capability in natural environment data capture (such as LIDAR) is combining with expanding military requirements for embedded training and automated vehicles to dramatically increase the need for much higher resolution terrain representations and services. Previously, the most complex synthetic natural environment (SNE) representations were focused on correlation with a visual representation, but live, embedded, and automated applications will require correlation with the complexities of the real world. At the same time, embedded applications will have limited storage and processing capacity. As a result, there is a growing need for lightweight, high resolution terrain engines. Dignitas Technologies proposes an approach based upon reuse of relevant technologies combined with industry-leading SNE expertise covering Live, Constructive, and Virtual domains to investigate solutions for high-resolution, embedded terrain representations and services.

UTOPIACOMPRESSION, CORP.
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 1020
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Dr. Hai Wei
ARMY 08-013      Awarded: 5/19/2008
Title:High-Fidelity Runtime Terrain Database Engine
Abstract:Advances in 3D display, visualization and remote sensing technologies provide an unprecedented opportunity to achieve a “20/20” terrain representation, whose resolution would match human perceptual ability. The barriers to this revolution are the difficulties in processing high-resolution sensed-data into a Modeling & Simulation (M&S) terrain model, the lack of support for raster-based semantic data in constructive simulation terrain models, and difficulties in scaling current runtime terrain model formats to the data density required. Enhancing raster and point-cloud support in M&S terrain models will help them “track” the fidelity of the original source data. Advanced compression techniques, with a “streaming” capability for terrain users, would reduce the terrain model’s “disk footprint” and increase performance. In this project, UtopiaCompression and Lockheed Martin will team up to exploit emerging technologies to build a high-fidelity terrain engine for simulation. We will focus on investigating, designing, and prototyping an innovative pattern-driven terrain modeling and compression technology, applied to efficient runtime display, query and manipulation of high resolution terrain data for M&S services. The proposed effort will result in software tools satisfying storage, accuracy, and performance constraints to support the full-spectrum (Live, Virtual, and Constructive) of M&S while providing correlation to the real world.

ANYAR, INC.
1169 John Sims Parkway East
Niceville, FL 32578
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(850) 678-1581
Dr. John P. Thomas Jr.
ARMY 08-014      Awarded: 5/22/2008
Title:Simulate the Physical Response of Building Rubble at Multiple Levels of Detail
Abstract:The proposed capability will model the debris flyout and the rubble volume resulting from a munition detonation. Fidelity will be tunable so that an application can model rubble effects ranging from a low fidelity point feature with volume and dimensional attributes, to a medium fidelity areal feature with the shape and size of the rubble pile, to the highest fidelity with individual rubble pieces and their location data.

UTOPIACOMPRESSION, CORP.
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 1020
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Dr. Jacob Yadegar
ARMY 08-014      Awarded: 5/19/2008
Title:Advanced Building Rubble Simulator
Abstract:Building rubble plays a major role in urban combat operations. Inability to model its effects on the environment greatly reduces a simulation’s fidelity and its training affectivity. Despite the clear need for robust rubble simulation, the state of the art in the military simulation industry fails to deliver on this problem. UtopiaCompression (UC) and Lockheed Martin Simulation, Training, and Support (LM STS) together, with UC’s extensive background in computational intelligence, computational vision, adaptive and multi- resolution 3D surface and volumetric modeling and GIS technologies and LM STS’ expertise in urban operation simulation, create a perfect team to solve this problem. Additionally, LM STS brings a technological asset; the Ultra High Resolution Building Simulator (UHRBSim). The UHRBSim’s proven ability to simulate building damage and rubble pile creation in constructive, live, and virtual simulation environments will be extensively exploited to create a novel and technologically superior rubble simulator. In this proposal, we present enhancements to the UHRBSim that will provide a robust, multi- resolution, physics based, rubble generation and flyout simulation. For Phase I, we will undertake the objectives presented in the proposal to produce a system design and an incremental implementation plan for the UHRBSim based Advanced Rubble Simulator.