---------- ARMY ----------

297 Phase I Selections from the 08.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ADVANCED PROJECTS RESEARCH, INC.
1925 McKinley Avenue Suite B
La Verne, CA 91750
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(909) 228-9950
Thomas H. Sobota
ARMY 08-015      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Sensor Validation for Turboshaft Engine Torque Sensors
Abstract:We propose a method that specifically addresses the requirement for helicopter engine torque sensor validation by integrating the engine component level model, model reduction techniques, and real-time parameter estimation algorithms. The method starts with a component level turboshaft model. Component degradations are considered. Model reduction techniques are proposed to construct a simplified engine model to design a health parameter estimator to estimate the evolution of health parameters using sensor measurements. Finally, the estimated health parameters and states of the engine are used to determine the engine torque. In collaboration with Honeywell, APRI has assembled a multidisciplinary team with all of the requisite experience to perform the proposed research.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl S. Byington, P.E.
ARMY 08-015      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Sensor Validation for Turboshaft Engine Torque Sensors
Abstract:Impact Technologies LLC, with Honeywell Aerospace and Boeing as industry partners, proposes to develop and demonstrate innovative methods for validating and synthesizing torque sensor readings for the T55 engine. The development team will build off its proven success in previous T-55/Chinook-related programs as well as leverage Impact- developed signal synthesis modules and sensor validation techniques with the goal of prototyping a complete torque sensor validation and signal recovery module. The proposed module will increase torque measurement accuracy by utilizing data-driven modeling to estimate healthy signal values for fault identification and signal recovery, it will reduce the occurrence of unplanned torque system calibrations using statistics-based fault detection, and it will consider the contribution of electronics systems to faults using electronics prognostics and health management on the torque meter power supply and signal conditioning units. Software development best practices will be employed to capture and help implement requirements needed to fully realize a practical system for the T-55, and will evaluate limitations required for a future embedded solution on other relevant engine platforms. Finally, a laboratory demonstration of the developed module will facilitate technology readiness for a Phase II program.

ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1330 Charleston Rd
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Hossein Saberi
ARMY 08-016      Awarded: 10/15/2008
Title:High Performance Computing for Rotorcraft Structural Dynamics
Abstract:This research is dedicated to developing methodology and software to significantly improve the computational efficiency of comprehensive rotorcraft analysis tools in support of aircraft design and engineering applications. The development will emphasize multi-level scalable parallel processing methods that are suited for modern rotorcraft structural dynamics analysis formulated using multi-body and finite element methodology. The research will also address the enhancement of the current rotorcraft structural dynamics modeling through the consideration of the 2-D/3-D finite element approach to improve rotorcraft structural dynamics modeling for modern advanced rotorcraft design and to better support CFD/CSD analysis. The parallel processing methods to be developed will address the rotor dynamics analysis employed either with 1-D nonlinear beam elements or with more sophisticated 2-D or 3-D finite elements. The proposed high performance computing methodology development will also accommodate concurrent rotorcraft analysis such as parameter sweep and design optimization to dramatically reduce the computational time. Phase I of this development focuses on the investigation of viable strategies for applying parallel computing in the framework of presently available comprehensive rotorcraft analysis codes. The Phase I efforts will focus on developing and testing the prototype of the parallel processing methodology in rotorcraft analysis codes including the model enhanced with 2-D/3-D finite element. Phase I will also demonstrate the high performance computing for the concurrent rotorcraft analysis tasks such as design sensitivity study.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4837
Paul J. Dionne
ARMY 08-016      Awarded: 10/9/2008
Title:High Performance Computing for Rotorcraft Structural Dynamics
Abstract:High fidelity computational analyses using solid-fluid interaction models are becoming an important aspect of rotorcraft analysis and design. The large size of these models (potentially millions of degrees of freedom) makes parallelization necessary for reasonable turn-around times. The fluid models, typically having significantly more degrees of freedom, scale well. The solid models, however, typically do not scale as well and thus can become a computational bottleneck for large and highly parallel analysis of coupled solid-fluid systems. In this SBIR, CFDRC will leverage ongoing research and development in the area of solid-fluid interaction to investigate and develop methods for optimal parallelization of a structural analysis code within a coupled fluid/solid framework. A mature existing solid mechanics computational solver with access to several different types of preconditioners and solvers will be used as the baseline. During Phase I, the capabilities of this solver for rotorcraft structural dynamic predictions will be demonstrated. Additionally, the performance of various preconditioner/solver combinations will be investigated and improvements for optimal performance for solver robustness and scalability will be identified. In Phase II, we will implement and demonstrate the identified improvements and incorporate this structural solver into the RCAS framework to allow large-scale parallel coupled solid/fluid interaction analyses.

ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1330 Charleston Rd
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Hossein Saberi
ARMY 08-017      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Advanced Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis
Abstract:The focus of this research is to develop an advanced rotorcraft comprehensive analysis tool that will significantly improve the accuracy of the performance, load, vibration, and aeroelastic stability predictions. The product is intended to support new aircraft design and engineering applications. The Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System (RCAS) has been selected for the advancement of the rotorcraft analysis tool. The development will emphasize the improvement of a software environment that enables the easy integration of new functionalities and straightforward interface of external control system and CFD codes. The integration of new nonlinear unsteady dynamic stall airloads and the improvement of vortex wake models along with a multi-load path drivetrain system and a high fidelity turboshaft engine are considered. A graphical user interface (GUI) that will allow users to generate complex rotorcraft configurations, run scenarios, and provide standard output are also included. In Phase I, the functional requirement definition, the theoretical formulations, and the algorithms will be developed to pave the way for full implementation of all the new functionalities. The software infrastructure for the inclusion of new functionalities will be developed and tested. Selected functionalities will be prototyped.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Daniel A. Wachspress
ARMY 08-017      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Advanced Aerodynamic Modules for Comprehensive Rotorcraft Analyses
Abstract:Fast, accurate computational models of rotorcraft aerodynamics and dynamics are critical for analysis and design. The strong coupling between aerodynamics and dynamics characteristic of rotary-wing aircraft greatly complicates the task of comprehensive rotorcraft analyses aspiring to this goal. Over the past twenty-five years, the core focus of Continuum Dynamics, Inc., (CDI), has been to develop fast, accurate, robust aerodynamic models of rotorcraft for analysis and design. These models are currently in use by all major U.S. rotorcraft manufacturers as well as NASA and the DoD. In this SBIR effort, CDI will team with the Georgia Institute of Technology, (GIT), to integrate these sophisticated rotorcraft aerodynamic models into the U.S. Army’s Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System, RCAS. An extensive series of calculations will be performed to demonstrate significant improvements of the new RCAS analysis, elevating RCAS to the state-of-the-art in both rotary-wing aerodynamics and dynamics modeling. In so doing, CDI and GIT will coordinate with industry and government researchers to develop an industry-standard format for coupling aerodynamic and dynamic modeling components applicable for both comprehensive rotorcraft analyses and coupled Computational Fluid Dynamics/Computational Structural Dynamics solutions.

NEW ENGLAND ANALYTICS, LLC
2 Trap Falls Rd Suite 204
Shelton, CT 06484
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 926-2722
Naji Yakzan
ARMY 08-018      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Light Weight Collective Pitch Control Systems for Swashplateless Rotors
Abstract:Swashplateless rotor systems are being developed as a means of reducing weight, maintenance and in support of active rotor systems. These active rotor systems utilize some form of on-blade device to provide primary "cyclic" flight control. In order to achieve optimal performance however, such a system needs to be supplemented with a means of adjusting the average or "collective" pitch of the rotor blades while in flight. This proposal presents a conceptual approach to providing collective pitch control independent of an on-blade flight control system. The objective of this proposal is to develop a mechanical system that provides collective pitch control by means of an electrical actuator. The proposed system will be enclosed within the rotor hub and will provide collective control without the use of a swashplate and its associated external mechanical components. This system will be designed using an existing aircraft rotor hub as a baseline for comparison. The goals of this study are to define a robust system that provides the same capabilities as found in the baseline aircraft while achieving the technical objectives of reduced weight, drag and maintenance.

ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC.
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Matthew Birch
ARMY 08-018      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Light Weight Collective Pitch Control Systems for Swashplateless Rotors
Abstract:Orbital Research Inc proposes to design and optimize a light-weight swashplateless helicopter rotor collective control system. One enabling technology for swashplateless rotors utilizes on-blade controls to control the lift created by each rotor blade. However, a limitation of on-blade controls is that utilizing the individual blade lift authority for collective blade control diminishes the range available for cyclic blade control. A collective control system that primarily adjusts the root blade incidence angle gives increased lift without reducing the authority of the on-blade controls. To provide reduced complexity and weight Orbital Research proposes utilizing all-electric redundant harmonic drive actuators to drive a single mechanism capable of increasing the root blade incidence while maintaining integrated pathways for access to on-blade control mechanisms. Benefits of the harmonic drive actuators include: 1) No backlash, 2) high torque, and 3) simplicity. Because the harmonic drive actuators consist of DC motors and a low-volume, high-gear-ratio harmonic transmission, they are extremely reliable. This will result in a design with low mass, compact geometry, reduced complexity, easy maintenance and ballistic damage resistance.

MOSAIC ATM, INC.
801 Sycolin Road Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 405-8576
Stephen Pledgie
ARMY 08-019      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Persistent Tactical Seeability Through Integrated Sensor Guidance
Abstract:Gimbaled sensor technology and unmanned air vehicle (UAV) guidance systems have advanced to the point where sensor-guided UAV flight operations can become reality. Mosaic ATM proposes a unique predictor-corrector framework for achieving persistent tactical seeability, a measure that estimates the exploitation quality of imagery captured by a moving platform over rugged terrain. Our approach integrates a predictive mechanism for terrain-cognizant sensor/platform configuration with an online planning and guidance capability for maintaining reliable quality of service in the face of environmental and operational disturbances. We have teamed with Brigham Young University's MAGICC Lab to provide the Army with a complete solution featuring rapid sensor configuration and real-time corrective guidance.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Gaemus E. Collins
ARMY 08-019      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Sensor Guided Flight for Unmanned Air Vehicles
Abstract:Sensor guided flight is an essential capability for utilizing UAVs more effectively in reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition (RSTA) missions. Sensor guided flight is envisioned as the ability for a UAV's sensing system, primarily an imaging system, to automatically request a platform position and attitude that maximizes its performance. It is the ability to monitor viewing conditions for a given RSTA task, assess whether the sensor system parameters and platform position and attitude most optimal for those viewing conditions, and, if not, compute and recommend preferred parameters and platform state for best quality imagery for those viewing conditions. This effort will develop the software and architecture that can deliver robust, reliable RSTA from UAVs. We will identify sensor system parameters that can be adjusted automatically during flight, develop techniques to initialize these parameters to an optimum default configuration, automatically monitor platform state to check if viewing obstacles interfere with the line of sight (LOS) to ground, automatically alter sensor system configuration parameters to regain LOS, and enable system transition from operator-managed flight planning to fully autonomous flight.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Attila Lengyel
ARMY 08-020      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Innovative Pitch Rod Actuators for Individual Blade Control
Abstract:Current pitch rods are used to adjust the pitch on the main rotor blades. The collective pitch control is actuated through the swashplate to change the pitch of each blade all at once. There is no current method to individually change the pitch of only one blade individually in production, but there have been some research activities in this area. The technology proposed would remove the currently passive pitch rod and replace it with an active pitch rod that can adjust the main rotor pitch of each blade individually at relatively high bandwidths. Midé proposes to develop a self contained actuation system for Individual Blade Control. Individual Blade Control (IBC) has been predicted to be effective in improving rotor performance. A well developed theory has been posed that a controlled oscillation of the rotor blades can improve overall rotor performance by improving the L/De, or effective lift to drag ratio. If the rotor blade system is more efficient, the rotor speed can be reduced while still generating sufficient lift. The rotor speed reduction would significantly reduce rotor noise, reduce vibration, and in general make for a more efficient aircraft.

IRW CONSULTING
2632E Calle Sin Ruido
Tucson, AZ 85718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 234-0129
Ahmed Hassan
ARMY 08-021      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Innovative Systems for Reduction of Rotorcraft Hub Drag
Abstract:Recent applications of Active Flow Control (AFC) to fixed wing configurations demonstrated the efficacy of AFC in reducing drag. Substantial work was done using simple periodic actuation using zero-mass flux devices, however, novel devices that are light and have no moving parts but require compressed air became available and they have proven their effectiveness in some applications. The application of this knowledge to rotating systems such as the shank and a hub of a helicopter rotor represent the heart of the present proposal. In fact knowing the high drag of the rotor hub assembly led the PIs to acquire the experimental apparatus on which drag reduction schemes using AFC could be investigated. The facility is ready for initial tests and was awaiting sponsorship. The SBIR announcement provides such an opportunity. A generic three bladed rotor hub assembly was designed that can be rotated in a wind tunnel at free stream velocities ranging from 0 to 80miles/hour. The shanks are mounted on load cells that can measure their drag in addition to the overall drag of the assembly. The shanks are also equipped with actuators which should reduce the shank’s drag. Alternate actuation schemes may be investigated in the future.

PIASECKI AIRCRAFT CORP.
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick W. Piasecki
ARMY 08-021      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Innovative Systems for Reduction of Rotorcraft Hub Drag
Abstract:This technology program investigates methods to reduce the aerodynamic drag of the helicopter rotor hub and blade shanks, including investigation of the hub/pylon relationship and its contribution to the flat plate drag of the hub. Examination of both active and passive technologies which can be applied is an integral part of the study effort. The H- 60 is selected as the baseline air vehicle for the study. A baseline weight and drag level will be established and a set of design criteria developed to ensure that the drag reduction approach will not compromise the basic mission capability and maintainability of the aircraft. A detailed geometric model of the hub and shank areas will be developed, and a multi-case CFD analysis of both the baseline and advanced hub designs will be conducted. A study matrix that cycles each design ap-proach through varying dynamic pressure levels, angles of attack, and separation points will be con-ducted, leading to the selection of alternative solutions for a final recommendation for the technology initiative to be pursued in Phase II. During the Option Phase, planning for Phase II full-scale fabrication and testing of the reconfigured hub will be conducted.

TECHNOLOGY IN BLACKSBURG, INC.
265 Industrial Drive
Christiansburg, VA 24073
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 381-8502
Matthew Langford
ARMY 08-021      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Flow-controlled Inflatable Fairings for Helicopter Hub Drag Reduction
Abstract:Techsburg, Inc. proposes to perform experimental proof-of-concept testing of a flow- controlled inflatable fairing concept for helicopter hub/shaft drag reduction. The proposed system includes a rigid hub fairing coupled with an inflatable shaft fairing. Flow control jets emit from the shaft fairing and produce an aerodynamic seal between the hub and shaft fairings, utilizing the Coanda Effect to convert the jet momentum to aerodynamic lift on the hub fairing. During Phase I, a subscale helicopter fuselage model employing the proposed drag reduction technology will be testing in a continuous, subsonic wind tunnel with a 6 ft by 6 ft test section. The drag reduction due to the proposed system will be quantified in the wind tunnel tests, and the concept will be further optimized using both computational fluid dynamics and further experiments in Phase II.

ADVANCED DYNAMICS, INC.
1500 Bull Lea Road, Suite 203
Lexington, KY 40511
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 699-0441
Patrick Hu
ARMY 08-022      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title: VABS Enabled Design Environment for Efficient High-Fidelity Composite Rotor Blade and Wing Section Design
Abstract:This SBIR aims at developing a high-fidelity, yet efficient and easy-to-use, composite rotor blade and wing section design environment to facilitate rapid and confident aeromechanics assessment during conceptual design stages. A well-known technical barrier for composite rotor blade and wing section design is the lack of an efficient, user friendly, high-fidelity design tool to realistically represent the blade section at the conceptual level. This limitation prevents designers from accurately yet efficiently generating sectional properties, easily invoking comprehensive analyses, and rapidly and confidently predicting the stress distribution. As a result, aeromechanical analysis (e.g. for stability, loads, and vibration) is unfortunately left out of the conceptual design phase. In order to overcome this technical barrier and limitation, we propose to improve the functionalities of VABS (Variational Asymptotic Beam Section analysis), the best proven technology for realistic composite rotor blade analysis, and seamlessly integrate it with a versatile CAD environment, a robust optimizer, and a general-purpose postprocessor, all of which are specially tailored for blade and wing section design. We will create the initial capability in Phase I, leading to the full capability of a VABS enabled design environment for efficient high-fidelity composite rotor blade and wing section design in Phase II.

ADVATECH PACIFIC, INC.
1849 North Wabash Ave
Redlands, CA 92374
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(900) 307-6218
Peter Rohl
ARMY 08-022      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Composite Rotor Blade and Wing Structural Design Tool
Abstract:Aeroelastic effects are significant design drivers in rotorcraft design. Typically, detailed structural information of the rotor blade necessary to determine its cross-sectional mass and stiffness properties is not available early on in the design process, especially for complex composite blades that are being employed in modern rotor systems. Therefore, high-fidelity aeroelastic analysis is usually not done until late in the rotorcraft design process, when changes to the design are difficult and costly to implement. Advatech Pacific proposes to address this shortcoming through the development of an integrated rotor blade design environment, where the blade cross sectional properties are calculated by the Variational Asymptotic Beam Sectional analysis code (VABS). This approach combines the comparatively low run times of a beam structural analysis desired for a preliminary-level design tool with the high fidelity rotor blade cross sectional information typically associated with a 3D finite element approach. Overall rotorcraft design and blade aeromechanical analysis is provided by the Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System (RCAS). The original developer of VABS, Dr. Carlos Cesnik, is part of the Advatech Team, giving us a significant head start by bringing both his expertise and the latest version of the VABS code, UM/VABS, to the project. In addition, Mr. Robert Loftus, currently a Technical Fellow at the Boeing Company (formerly McDonnell Douglas Helicopters) and IPT Lead for the new composite main rotor blade design and development for the AH-64D Apache Attack Helicopter, will be providing practical blade design expertise. The proposed design environment will be flexible and modular, so that individual codes can be replaced without major software development effort, should that be desired in the future. The development will be incremental, with Phase I of the SBIR effort focusing on proving out the envisioned architecture.

TECHNOSOFT, INC.
11180 Reed Hartman Highway
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 985-9877
Stephen Hill
ARMY 08-022      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Practical Composite Rotor Blade and Wing Structural Design Tool for Aeromechanical Assessments in Conceptual Design
Abstract:An integrated design and analysis environment supporting the engineering of rotorcraft blades and wings is proposed which will facilitate the assessment of rotorcraft aeromechanics issues at early design stages. The environment will employ a 3D feature- based design environment with an easy-to-use graphical interface that will allow rapid configuration of conceptual designs and automation of high-fidelity analysis models. It will support the parametric design of rotor blade and wing geometry using isotropic and composite materials. Rotor blade cross-section properties will be computed from the design geometry and material descriptions for automating the aeromechanical analyses. It will leverage current design and analyses tools that will be customized and enhanced to facilitate the rapid engineering of rotorcraft. The high-fidelity integrated analysis capabilities coupled to the easy-to-use interactive design environment will facilitate rapid assessment of rotorcraft configurations and leads to optimum configurations reducing engineering time and costs in progressing to the detailed design stages. Conceptual designs can be easily configured and high-fidelity analysis models can be automated to support trade studies and optimization of rotorcraft designs. The ability to integrate the design and multi-disciplinary analysis processes within an easy-to-use environment will provide key functionality to accelerate and improve future rotorcraft engineering.

DYNAMET TECHNOLOGY, INC.
Eight A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 272-5967
David Main
ARMY 08-023      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Titanium Metal Matrix Composite Systems with Enhanced Elevated Temperature Properties for Advanced Turboshaft Engine Impeller Applications
Abstract:This proposal addresses the need for high temperature titanium metal matrix composites (MMC) for advanced turboshaft engine impellers. Dynamet Technology’s particulate reinforced titanium MMCs have superior room and elevated temperature strength, are stiffer and have better creep resistance than conventional titanium alloys. New Ti MMC compositions based on a novel alloy matrix exhibit significantly improved room and elevated temperature properties and specific strengths (strength/weight). The objective of Phase 1 is to demonstrate that these new Ti MMC compositions can meet the demands placed on impellers from higher temperatures and pressures required for advanced turboshaft engines. In Phase 1 selected compositions will be produced and evaluated. The manufacturability of these materials will be demonstrated. The evaluation will include density determination, room and elevated temperature tensile testing, chemical and metallographic analyses. Program support will be provided by Honeywell Aerospace/Advanced Technology. During the Phase 1 Option, creep resistance testing of promising composition(s) will be conducted at the maximum design compressor exit temperature of these advanced engines. In Phase II materials and processes will be developed for the manufacture of impellers and tested for required properties such as; tensile properties, fatigue and creep resistance, fracture toughness and crack growth at room and elevated temperatures.

FMW COMPOSITE SYSTEMS, INC.
1200 W. Benedum Industrial Drive
Bridgeport, WV 26330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 904-4333
Seshacharyulu Tamirisakanda
ARMY 08-023      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Reinforced High Temperature Titanium Metal Matrix Composite Systems For Impeller Applications In Advanced Army Turboshaft Engines
Abstract:FMW Composite Systems, Inc., in collaboration with Honeywell Aerospace (Engine Manufacturer) proposes to develop a nano dispersion reinforced titanium metal matrix composite (TiMMC) system that can operate at higher temperatures for impeller applications in advanced Army turboshaft engines. After determining the goal operating temperatures and pressures that will be experienced in advanced turbine engines, a TiMMC system that can meet the property goals will be down-selected using design of experiments approach. Manufacturability of the selected system will be demonstrated using subscale article fabrication. Performance of the TiMMC system will be proved by conducting coupon testing at room and elevated temperatures.

QUESTEK INNOVATIONS LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8232
Christopher P. Kern
ARMY 08-024      Awarded: 10/9/2008
Title:Main Rotor Weight Reduction and Performance Enhancement via the use of Carburized, High-Strength, Secondary Hardening Steel
Abstract:Main rotor shafts, specifically those used on the CH-47, are among the largest, heaviest, and highly loaded single components on rotorcraft. As the materials technology used in these shafts are decades old, (carburized 9310) there exists an opportunity to redesign the component with state-of-the-art materials technology and reduce component weight 20-25%. Carburizing alloys available today may also provide benefits in thermal resistance, ballistic performance, and stress-corrosion cracking resistance; meaning a technology upgrade holds promise for both weight reduction and performance enhancement. QuesTek’s Materials by Design® technology has been used to design Ferrium® C61, which has a high-strength / high-toughness core to allow for weight reduction or increased power density of components compared to that of 9310. C61 is currently used to make V091 ring and pinions in transmissions for SCORE® 1600 class off-road racing cars. This alloy may represent a substantial weight-savings opportunity for the main rotor shaft on the CH-47 without requiring significant changes in the production process of the component. Other materials technologies using high strength steels may require weld zones, and titanium-based solutions would necessarily increase the design envelope and would likely not be backwards compatible with previous designs. A carburizing steel with high strength, load bearing capability offers the best solution for enhanced performance and lower weight at reasonable cost.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl S. Byington, P.E.
ARMY 08-025      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Lubricant Condition and Metal Analysis Sensor System (LUCAS)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with GasTOPS Inc., proposes a miniaturized, integrated, on-line sensing solution for detection of lubricant quality, metal wear debris and debris elemental analysis. The multi-sensor device created in this program will serve as a direct replacement for legacy chip detectors currently employed to detect metal particles in aircraft lubrication systems. Key tasks of this Phase I effort include: 1) feasibility studies to enable technologies for on-line small scale wear metal elemental analysis; 2) miniaturization (MEMS) and adaptation of Impact’s broadband electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technology for lubricant quality monitoring; 3) conceptual design of a small-scale sensor for application to chip detector ports that integrates wear particle quantification and oil quality detection; and 4) Design and fabrication of macro level prototypes of each of the sensing technologies identified for inclusion. A prototype system will be created and the technology developed will be demonstrated to Army personnel and other stakeholders at the end of this Phase I program.

Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing
7800A South Nogales Highway
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 547-0861
Zachary Wing
ARMY 08-026      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Advanced Manufacturing Methods for Composite Gearbox Housings for Rotorcraft
Abstract:New composite manufacturing technology is urgently needed to improve rotocraft (and non-rotocraft) performance via further integration of composite materials. Recently, Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing (ACM) developed a system of water soluble composites tooling materials that has potential to advance the state composite manufacturing. A team comprised of Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing (ACM) and the University of Delaware integrating state of the art composite processes with ACM’s water soluble technology to produce composite structures with integrated fluid passages. The objective of this proposal is to adapt composite manufacturing processes and ACM’s water soluble tooling technology to produce integrated fluid passages in composite structures. The proposed methods and technology developed will yield a low cost manufacturing technology for producing complex rotocraft structures.

ILLINOISROCSTAR LLC
P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 355-1725
Mark D. Brandyberry
ARMY 08-027      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Experimental and Computational Program for Slow and Fast Cookoff for Insensitive Munitions Testing
Abstract:We propose a joint experimental and computational program to predict the behavior of heterogeneous energetic materials, specifically the properties and dynamics of their initiation, during slow and fast cookoff for insensitive munitions testing. The experimental effort will involve gram-scale fast and slow cookoff experiments in fully instrumented test cells, allowing for spatial and temporal resolution of critical dynamic variables. The modeling effort will focus on multiscale, multiphysics simulations using validated models on high-performance parallel computer platforms. Intermediate scale modeling is crucial to bridging the enormous gap between device-scale models that are often based on empirical modeling rather than first principles, and atomistic-scale models that take into account the underlying discrete nature of matter but are often difficult to relate to engineering-scale results. Our multiscale approach to modeling and simulation will explicitly address physical features and phenomena at the macro- (device), meso- (aggregate of crystals) and micro-scales (individual crystal) in an integrated manner.

ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP.(ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2732
Martin Chiaverini
ARMY 08-027      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Slow and Fast Cook-Off Modeling
Abstract:Orbital Technologies Corporation proposes to develop a model of both slow and fast cook-off events to help advance efforts to produce solid propellants that can meet insensitive munitions requirements. A standard test to predict the results of full scale SCO and FCO experiments will be developed. In Phase I, we will develop hypotheses to describe solid propellant response to slow and fast cook-off heating events for various propellant families. Experiments will be conducted and compared to the hypotheses for validation and refinement. A numerical simulation will be implemented, and plans developed for Phase II work.

NESCH, LLC
1105 W 163rd Ave
Crown Point, IN 46307
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(219) 644-3505
Ivan Nesch
ARMY 08-028      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Complementary Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE)/Testing (NDT) Techniques for Stockpile Reliability Programs (SRP) of U.S. Army Tactical Missile Systems
Abstract:Nesch, LLC will evaluate an in-laboratory Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI) and Multiple Image Radiography, here referred to as DEI, machine as a potential new non-destructive evaluation/testing technique for use by the U.S. Army. Unlike conventional x-radiography, which derives contrast only from a specimen's absorption effects, DEI derives contrast from all interactions of X-rays with a specimen (absorption, refraction, and scattering). From a single experiment, DEI can produce a set of images with higher contrast and resolution than conventional radiography. Consequently, DEI provides useful imaging contrast from materials, defects and embedded objects that have very slight differences in x-ray absorptivity. In this feasibility study, the ability of DEI to detect and measure the sizes of flaws, cracks, and inclusions in carbon based materials and to visualize and quantitate corrosion in an aluminum alloy will be investigated. This work will be extended during the Option Period to inspect specimens with more relevance to the U.S. Army. In Phase II the DEI machine's capabilities will be improved and at least one prototype will be delivered that can safely inspect Army tactical weapons systems and identify performance limiting defects without false positives.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Pl, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Volodymyr Romanov
ARMY 08-028      Awarded: 12/3/2008
Title:Compton Backscattering Focusing X-Ray System for Nondestructive Evaluation/Testing
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army PEO Missiles and Space need for complementary Nondestructive Evaluation/Testing, (NDE)/(NDT), radiography techniques for the Stockpile Reliability Program of the U.S. Army tactical missile system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new unique, affordable, portable, non-scanning Compton Backscattered Focusing X-ray NDE/NDT System (COFOX) for determining the dimensions, proper assembly, and flaws (voids/inclusions/cracks), corrosion, and other defects of tactical missile systems that consist of heterogeneous materials (explosives, adhesives, electronics, composites, plastics, etc). This proposed device is based on the POC’s innovative Lobster-Eye X-ray focusing lens and the registration of X-ray Compton backscattered photons to provide one-sided in situ NDE/NDT of the missile systems. The COFOX includes a portable X-ray source, Lobster-Eye lens, and an X-ray CCD camera, with a portable computer providing X-ray image processing integrated in a compact handheld housing. The COFOX system will provide NDE/NDT with a quality level better than 1/4–1/4T (0.25% density sensitivity and 0.25% thickness resolution). In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the COFOX system by using its prototype for the NDE/NDT of heterogeneous materials. In Phase II, POC plans to design, fabricate, and test a prototype of the commercial variant of the COFOX system.

STARFIRE INDUSTRIES, LLC
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(708) 955-6691
Brian E. Jurczyk
ARMY 08-028      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Neutron Radiography for Complementary Non-Destructive Evaluation/Testing for Stockpile Reliability Programs of U.S. Army Tactical Missile Systems
Abstract:Neutron Radiography (NR) is a non-destructive evaluation/non-destructive testing technique that is an ideal complement to current x-ray techniques because of differences in how neutrons interact with matter; providing superior contrast for imaging lightweight organic materials, especially adhesives, propellants, liners, and composite materials. Complimentary neutron-based imaging for energetic munitions has been demonstrated by Picatinny Arsenal/PEO Ammo; however, NR has traditionally been limited to a small number of locations around the world because of the relative difficulty of producing neutrons—typically requiring a nuclear reactor, accelerator facility, or significant quantities of radioactive material. Starfire Industries is developing an electronic neutron source that is compact, safe and highly efficient; enabling NR to be performed on-site at production facilities or material storage locations for NDE/NDT inspection. This Phase I SBIR project will demonstrate the applicability of the NR technique to meet the specific requirements of Redstone Arsenal/PEO Missiles and Space for tactical missile stockpile reliability—in particular simulating detector imaging sensitivity and defect resolution for materials of interest. Once feasibility is established and NR station requirements known, a preliminary system design based on the Starfire advanced neutron source can be evaluated for performance, safety and cost.

DR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
7740 Kenamar Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 587-4200
Matt Wrosch
ARMY 08-029      Awarded: 12/4/2008
Title:Sintered Polymeric Composites with Very High Transverse Thermal Conductivity (PDRT08-019)
Abstract:Transverse thermal transfer characteristics of state-of-the-art carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) materials impose significant limitations on the efficacy of electronic assemblies mounted in composite structures. Material technologies for effective heat removal from an electronic device and into the CFRP body are needed. Specifically, techniques that significantly enhance the through-thickness thermal conductivity of CFRPs will allow for a localized heat source to be spread throughout a composite structure, where in-plane conductivity is quite good. DR Technologies is proposing the usage of novel sintering conductive resins to overcome thermal resistance at interlaminar interfaces, thereby dramatically enhancing the transverse thermal conductivity of carbon fiber reinforced polymeric composite laminates. These sintered resins have recently demonstrated effective thermal conductivity of 50 W/m-K, an order of magnitude improvement compared to thermally conductive epoxies. Although the proposed materials are processed and cured like conventional polymeric composites, their thermal characteristics are much closer to solders than polymers.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Thomas Carroll
ARMY 08-029      Awarded: 11/5/2008
Title:Improving Through-Thickness Thermal Conductivity of Carbon/Epoxy Laminates(1001-280)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to increase the through-thickness thermal conductivity of carbon/epoxy structural laminates by selective employment of high thermal conductivity fiber materials and a proven 3-D laminate architecture. Using this approach, it has been shown that through thickness thermal conductivity of structural carbon epoxy laminates can be increased so that the overall heat transfer capacity of the laminate is 95% that of the baseline aluminum structure. At the same time, the laminate retains 86% of its in-plane strain-to-failure. Triton’s Phase I approach ensures all materials and processes developed in this program will be compatible with current missile airframe manufacturing practices; including both hand lay-up / autoclave cure and filament winding processes. In order to successfully transition this technology to solve thermal management problems in composite missile airframe structures, Triton has assembled a strong team that complements Triton’s expertise in composite materials and processes with expertise in thermal management / testing and in-depth knowledge of the requirements of Army tactical missile systems.

NANO TERRA, INC.
790 Memorial Drive Suite 202
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
David Coffey
ARMY 08-030      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Using Nanowires to Improve Environmental Protection of Zinc Sulfide
Abstract:Nano Terra and its subcontractor, Raytheon Missile Systems, proposes a radically different approach to create a coating for ZnS that strengthens the materials by the use of nanowires. By carefully ordering these layers, we will not only form a protective layer, but also form a graded index of refraction structure to reduce reflection. Each successive layer of nanowires will less dense than the previous layers, thus effectively decreasing the index of refraction with each layer, gradually reducing the index of refraction from that of the underlying ZnS to that of air. These nanowire layers should absorb some of the shock from small particles by dispersing the energy into the voids in the nanowire net and by preventing crack propagation across surfaces bridged by the nanowires. Nano Terra, along with its team-mate Raytheon, is qualified to lead this effort because their staff have experience fabricating and precisely placing nanowires for similar devices, and they are a world leader in nano-scale manufacturing.

SURMET CORP.
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
ARMY 08-030      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Improved Environmental protection for Zinc Sulfide
Abstract:Multispectral ZnS windows provide excellent broadband transmission but suffer from susceptibility to damage from handling, sand erosion and rain impact. Surmet is proposing innovative technology to provide such protection while meeting the stated transmission requirements, >65% at 1.06 microns and >85% average transmission over 8 – 12 microns. Phase I work will include key fabrication and testing work to demonstrate effectiveness of our technology and ability to apply it to missile domes. Surmet will work with a missile systems’ Prime Contractor to produce technology with near-term insertion potential. Phase II will optimize our technology and prove repeatability in optical and durability performance, and demonstrate performance, producibility and affordability.

TELAZTEC LLC
15 A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 229-9905
Douglas S. Hobbs
ARMY 08-030      Awarded: 10/23/2008
Title:Enhanced Durability, High-Transmission, ZnS Windows Incorporating AR Microstructures
Abstract:Many military systems utilize the material Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) for windows and domes because of its high transmission and low absorption of infrared light, combined with its relatively low cost. Multi-spectral, or clear ZnS (ClearTran) has a wide spectral transmission range that is particularly useful for multimode missile seekers such as the Joint Common Missile. One long-standing issue with ClearTran is its low environmental durability that necessitates the use of some form of hardening to protect the window or dome from damage due to rain and sand impacts. Typical hardening methods involve the application of thin-film material coatings that must also serve as an anti-reflection (AR) treatment. Such coatings however limit the transmission bandwidth forcing a tradeoff between the level of transmission required and the expected lifetime. As mission profiles become more demanding the further utility of ZnS will depend upon the continued evolution and development of hardening strategies to improve dome durability under increasingly adverse environmental conditions. In a recent experimental study, an innovative AR treatment based on surface relief microstructures was shown to have great potential for increasing the survivability of ZnS windows operating in abrasive environments. This Phase I project proposes to further investigate the durability of AR microstructures built in ClearTran windows that meet the wide bandwidth, high transmission performance requirements of multimode seekers. Multiple design variants that combine AR microstructure technology with hard oxide coatings will be fabricated in ZnS coupons and subjected to a set of rain and sand exposure conditions set by the Government. Six coupons of the most promising designs will be delivered to the Government for further erosion testing. In a Phase I Option program, a statistically meaningful number of coupons will be fabricated with the most durable AR microstructures found during the Phase I work, and further rain and sand erosion testing will be conducted. Also in the Phase I Option program, AR microstructures will be fabricated in a small-scale ClearTran lens surface to demonstrate the ability to apply AR microstructures to dome surfaces during a Phase II program. A close collaboration with the multimode seeker vendor Raytheon Missile Systems, will be maintained throughout the multi-phase program to ensure the rapid transition of the technology into Army systems.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Sanford M. Dash
ARMY 08-032      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Advanced Scramjet Engine/Vehicle Design
Abstract:This program entails designing a Mach 10, scramjet propelled missile system using advanced CFD and design-optimization tools. The CFD codes were validated using full- scale data sets obtained from tests performed in the LENS shock tunnel facility. They contain advanced turbulence and thermochemical models. A preliminary rocket boosted and scramjet propelled concept vehicle will be designed meeting Army requirements and constraints. The propulsive system design will use extensions of earlier concepts, including optimized inlet designs of Candler, and elliptical combustor designs of CRAFT Tech, containing optimized flush round/diamond injector patterns. Inlet/combustor/nozzle designs will be coupled (i.e. realistic inlet solutions are used at the combustor entrance, etc.), and, nose-to-tail CFD calculations will be performed to extract key performance parameters from the CFD for design evaluation. Formal optimization tools will be used to maximize on-design performance, and off-design performance (angle-of-attack, variable M) will be evaluated. The completed propulsive system design will be modified to improve aerodynamic performance (via modifying cross-section shapes, etc.) and additional lift will be obtained by aerodynamic extensions to the design. An optional task deals with the design and evaluation of start-up concepts which will be evaluated using transient CFD simulations.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Brian J. York
ARMY 08-033      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Transpiration Cooling Computational Fluid Dynamics Submodel
Abstract:This proposal entails the development of specialized CFD models which can analyze transpiration cooling processes in complex high-speed environments. This is of significant importance to the Army since “well-designed” transpiration concepts are needed on missile systems that can provide reductions in both heat transfer and skin friction, resulting in improvements in overall performance. The program of work proposed involves a systematic “building-block” approach that will support the development and validation of transpiration models for problems of increasing complexity, using both RANS and LES methodology in complex environments. The environments to be considered in our Phase I effort will be limited to gas-phase transpiration problems, but will consider the effects of combustion as well as shock interactions, and will address flowfields such as those occurring in hypersonic scramjet combustion chambers. The overall objectives will encompass: gathering building-block data sets for systematic model validation; the extension of existing RANS transpiration models to include the effects of variable Prandtl and Schmidt number; the performance of both fundamental validation studies as well as parametric studies; and, the extension of the models and methodology to an LES framework (our optional task), including the performance of a unit problem demonstration calculation.

QORTEK, INC.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth J. Knowles
ARMY 08-034      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:High Performance IC Implanted Energy Harvesting & Non-Accessible Energy Storage
Abstract:The primary objective of this Phase I program will be to demonstrate a high efficiency IC Implanted Energy Extraction and Optimal Management Architecture using multithreat detect capable devices (both tamper and reverse engineering). We aim to show through engineering research, device modeling and hardware prototypes that this approach will enable maximal energy conversion capability while simultaneously enabling broad threat detection capability. The design inaccessibility to any adversary will reduce any risks associated with power interruptions or tampering. Being guided by an MDA prime contractor/end-use integrator of the technology will substantially focus the efforts and improve chances for successful integration of protective techniques/technologies into several key MDA missions that are ongoing. The results will be largely applicable to many forms and types of hardware AT device packaging and weapons platform electronics.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-0966
Joe Frederick
ARMY 08-034      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:Low Power Electronics and Energy Harvesting for Anti-tamper Applications
Abstract:The proposed research will couple an energy harvester device with an energy storage device, to provide onboard power for anti-tamper sensors that operate unattended over extended periods of time. The proposed concept consists of arrays of micro-cantilever beams that are fabricated from piezoelectric material. The power produced from a grinding or scanning acoustic microscopy attack, or from environmental vibrational energy, can either power an AT sensor or trigger or be stored for later use. Our team proposes to design these arrays so they can be placed in an environment where they will sense vibration-based interrogation, or scavenge environmental vibrational energy that would otherwise go unused. Associated micro-circuitry will store and use this energy. This concept will provide micro to milliwatts of electrical power to operate AT sensors. There are many sources of acoustic and vibrational energy that can be harvested in order to provide power for chemical/biological sensors to give early warning of a terrorist attack, or they cn be placed in the high acoustic and vibration-rich environment of a propulsion system engine bay to monitor health-monitoring systems. The micro-beams are robust and long-lived, they require no user intervention, and they will provide an easy retrofit capability for legacy systems.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Jennifer Li
ARMY 08-035      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Conductive Ink for High Resolution 3-D Printing
Abstract:The Army is seeking a low-cost process for applying EMI grid patterns to the concave surface of a missile dome. Applied Nanotech, Inc. (ANI) is a leader in the development of metallic nano-inks for challenging application requirements; Optomec has developed a breakthrough multi-axis direct-write print head that generates an aerodynamically focused aerosol stream that can be used to print feature sizes down to 10 microns onto planar and non-planar substrates. ANI proposes to collaborate with Optomec in an SBIR program to develop a nano-scale conductive ink for high resolution 3-D printing with the aerosol jet technology. In Phase I, ANI and Optomec will conduct laboratory research and development culminating in a proof of concept demonstration of the grid application process by accurately printing the design pattern onto a flat surface of a substrate comprised of a candidate dome material and verifying a sheet resistance of the printed pattern of < 1 ohm per square.

SURMET CORP.
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Thomas J. Mroz
ARMY 08-035      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Conductive Grid Application to Hemispherical Optical Components
Abstract:Transparent domes for multimode seeker technology are currently being developed. Part of that development involves the integration of a fine metal grid for EMI shielding. The shape of the parent dome and the specific requirements for the width and spacing of the grid lines significantly limit the available methods for fabrication. Photolithography has been successfully utilized to produce this grid, however, other processing options with greater flexibility, lower cost, and better manufacturability are sought. We propose herein to develop a direct write grid application method, suitable to achieve the electrical requirements of the application, as well as the down-stream processing routes currently under development. The proposed method will overcome prior issues by providing the opportunities of a wide conductor material choice, as well as variable line thickness capability. Our proposed efforts build on prior and current experience with photolithography, laser methods, and direct write methods that have been, or are being evaluated for this application. Gridded coupons and partial domes will be demonstrated in Phase I. A fully gridded 7” hemispherical dome will be produced by the end of the Phase I Option.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Todd Heil
ARMY 08-035      Awarded: 11/20/2008
Title:Vacuum-assisted MIMIC for EMI grid application on spinel domes
Abstract:Soft lithography is an inexpensive and fast method for applying micropatterned structures to both flat and nonplanar substrates. A vacuum-assisted Micromolding in Capillaries (MIMIC) technique will be developed to print a fine electromagnetic interference (EMI) grid on the inner surface of transparent spinel domes. A photocurable silver filled resin will infiltrate an EMI grid channel patterned on the surface of an elastomeric stamp using vacuum-assisted MIMIC. After exposure to ultraviolet light, the silver resin will cure and then be subjected to furnace treatments to burn off the polymer and densify the silver grid. After densification, the EMI grid will have a low sheet resistance obtained by tailoring the thickness of the gridlines. It is anticipated that this process will significantly reduce the cost of EMI grid application on transparent spinel domes.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Donald E. Patterson
ARMY 08-036      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Novel Energetic Polymers
Abstract:Energetic polymers find use in a myriad of military and commercial applications. Among the most commonly used formulations are the nitrate esters, which have reasonably high energy densities. However, the inherent instability of nitrate esters requires formulations to include stabilizers. Unfortunately, under the harsh storage conditions frequently experienced by many military systems, the current stabilizers used in nitrate esters are consumed too quickly, and the propellants become prematurely unsafe. Regular monitoring of stabilizer concentration is necessary to ensure the safety of our troops. We propose to synthesize novel energetic polymers containing only the environmentally friendly elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. These new polymers will be flexible, non-crystalline, and robust with a high energy content and densities greater than 1.25 g/cm3. The polymers will also be fabricated to be insensitive to mechanical stimuli such as impact, friction, and electrostatic discharge.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5000
Jeffrey Bottaro
ARMY 08-036      Awarded: 2/5/2009
Title:Novel Energetic Polymers
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop novel energetic polymers based on the 1,2,3-triazole linkage to replace conventional binders commonly used in solid propellants. The proposed polymers will enjoy higher enthalpy, higher density, greater tolerance for impurities while curing, desirable mechanical and processing properties, and greater range of compatibility with other propellant ingredients compared to the conventional binders, such as hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene. In Phase I, simple syntheses of prospective poly- azide and poly-acetylenic monomers will be designed to create a sufficiently large matrix of potential prospects for the most practical poly-azide and poly-acetylene starting monomers in the final polymerization to the polymeric triazole-based polymer. Synthesis scale-up and further physical property testing of the most attractive energetic polymer candidates can be performed in the Phase I Option period in preparation for testing in a motor. Physical properties and performance of the specific identified binders will be measured or determined using modeling approaches.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Ana Racoveanu
ARMY 08-036      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Novel Energetic Azido Polymer
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), and its team member Aerojet, propose to synthesize and evaluate a novel energetic azido polymer with high energy and low sensitivity and good density. The proposed prepolymer is a candidate that is expected to perform better (higher Isp, density, oxygen balance, and heat of formation) than the currently used energy-releasing prepolymers. The PSI-Aerojet team has developed a synthetic approach to produce the PGDNMA polymer in 2 stages: monomer synthesis followed by polymerization. PSI will investigate the physical and chemical properties of the novel azido polymer. Aerojet will test the PGDNMA polymer for its energetic and thermal properties. PSI will provide 10 grams of the azido polymer to the appropriate US Government Laboratory. On a potential Phase II program, PSI will scale up the synthesis, and deliver 1 pound of the PGDNMA polymer to the appropriate US Government Laboratory. Aerojet will formulate the polymer in a propellant mixture and provide enhanced properties characterization.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Juan Sepulveda
ARMY 08-037      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Low Cost Production of Transparent Spinel Domes Using Freeze Casting
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR ARMY project proposes the development of 7” in diameter hemispherical spinel domes (3.5” radius, 0.18” wall thickness, 160 degree aperture) through the combination of freeze casting (FC) technology with unique nanopowder technology commercialized by MER for magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) ceramics. These technologies allow for the production of spinel domes with high green density, green near net shape, no residual stress, that result in less distortion in the final sintered dome. The novel process requires less secondary machining after sintering to produce high quality transparent domes at a lower cost when compared to cold isostatic pressing (CIP) technology.

SURMET CORP.
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Thomas J. Mroz
ARMY 08-037      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Low Cost Dome Fabrication
Abstract:The current method for producing dome blanks for multimode optics involves spray drying powders, followed by isopressing around metal mandrels. Yield losses during spray drying, and excess material requirements in the pressing step represent a significant portion of the final part cost. Slurry casting processes represent an alternative to isopressing, and in the case of hemispherical domes, are particularly well suited. Both slip casting and gel casting provide the opportunity to prepare domes at near-net shape with minimal yield loss. The fine particle size of the current Spinel powders pose a particular difficulty in slip/gel casting. Issues related to poor dewatering, cracking and low green densities all affect the value of these processes. We propose herein to develop a freeze casting method suitable for producing hemispherical domes of suitable optical quality from spinel powders. Freeze casting has all the advantages of gel casting, but further includes opportunities for net shape fabrication of dense green ceramic components. The Phase I work will include demonstration of technology to produce relevant dome articles. Phase II will demonstrate repeatability and include cost-benefits and producibility studies. Surmet is already working closely with prime contractors to produce ALON and spinel domes and optical components for near-term missile systems. This will facilitate insertion of this technology rapidly at conclusion of Phase II effort.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Evans A. LaRoche
ARMY 08-037      Awarded: 11/25/2008
Title:Low Cost Production of Domes Using Freeze Casting
Abstract:Multimode seekers for missiles require protective domes that are transparent over a range of wavelengths, including MWIR. Technology Assessment and Transfer, Inc. (TA&T) has successfully manufactured such protective domes from its transparent spinel ceramic material. The most common method of fabricating spinel dome green bodies consists of preparing the ceramic powder using conventional powder preparation techniques, filling a mold with powder, and using cold isostatic pressing (CIP) to form the green body at high pressure. This method is time consuming due to the handling of the powder and mold filling, and expensive due to the cost of CIP equipment, touch labor, and total cycle time. Casting or molding the domes has the potential to reduce the labor and equipment costs. TA&T proposes to develop a freeze casting process for manufacturing transparent spinel domes by first developing two high-solids casting slips – one based on water and the other using a non-aqueous vehicle. The second step will be to design and build a mold suitable for use over a wide range of temperatures. The third step will be to cast test specimens from both slips, sinter/HIP them and characterize the resulting spinel ceramic materials.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ross Eaton
ARMY 08-038      Awarded: 11/13/2008
Title:Continuous Optical Mapping for Munitions Using Terrain Elevation and Reconstruction (COMMUTER)
Abstract:Contemporary tactical missiles use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) as an economical means of self-localization and target location identification, but GPS signals are subject to jamming and intermittent unavailability. When a missile loses its ability to reliably self- locate, its strike capability is obviously compromised. Traditional methods have compensated by adding another navigation system, driven by fundamentally different sensors, such as an inertial measurement unit (IMU), a stellar navigation system, or TERCOM, but these are subject to an entirely new set of limitations (e.g. an IMU drifts over time, a star tracker is limited by ambient lighting and weather, and TERCOM uses active radar sensing, possibly alerting targets). In this proposal, we outline a system called Continuous Optical Mapping for Munitions Using Terrain Elevation and Reconstruction, or COMMUTER, that can estimate the geolocation and orientation of an air vehicle given an onboard library of shape-based landmark features derived from digital terrain elevation data and a real-time stream of images from an onboard camera. The system does not require GPS, active sensing, or any prior information about the expected flight path. We will assess system accuracy and robustness via evaluation and trade study examining camera, processing, and platform constraints.

OPTO-KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS, INC.
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
ARMY 08-038      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Autonomous Video-based Navigation for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:OKSI's existing autonomous video-based navigation techniques will be upgraded to improve the extraction of platform attitude and altitude from the video imagery. This will be combined with motion vector extraction, which has already been developed, to produce full autonomous capabilities for low altitude high-speed platforms. Under Phase-I, a laboratory simulator and a synthetic data generator will be used initially to test the algorithm enhancements. OKSI's video navigation flight instrumentation package will be modified to provide a brassboard demonstration of the proposed configuration and will be flown on a manned platform to collect data for testing and demonstrating the proposed navigation enhancements. In Phase-II, real time processing will be incorporated for a full system demonstration. The OKSI technique fully relies on the video imagery for navigation and is only using landmark geospatial data (e.g., satellite imagery, DTED) periodically for position verification and updates.

SET ASSOC. CORP.
1005 N. Glebe Rd. Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 965-9964
Reuven Meth
ARMY 08-038      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:Vision Based Adjunct Navigation Technologies
Abstract:Precise targeting of modern munitions systems depend critically on GPS/INS systems to provide precise navigation data for controlling flight. When GPS is denied, the drift associated with INS measurements quickly increase measurement errors beyond the point where they are no longer useful for navigation and flight control. SET Corporation proposes to design and implement a vision-based navigation system that enables extended precision navigation during periods of GPS denial. The system uses 2D georectified satellite imagery and 3D terrain information to provide sources of absolute correction for precise localization that are impervious to accumulated drift. Video imagery acquired from on-board sensors is automatically registered to database imagery via approaches that are robust to variations across sensor collections and sensor types enabling day/night operation, and are refined to provide accurate pixel-based feature correspondences. Precise localization is then performed based on a rigorous mathematical foundation of imaging geometry coupled with automated refinement that accurately determines sensor and feature positioning in the absence of GPS updates. Feasibility of the proposed approach will be demonstrated in Phase I via a design trade study which will drive system component selection. Phase II will focus on system prototype development to be demonstrated on a proxy helicopter platform.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 895-4331
Dan Schrimpsher
ARMY 08-039      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Bayesian Prognostic Failure Model for ASoSC2 using a model-of-models approach
Abstract:We propose a “model-of-models” approach for building a Bayesian Prognostic Failure Model that will meet Army IAMD requirements for the ASoSC2. The model-of-models approach closely parallels the system-of-systems approach pursued by the Army for fielding its weapon, sensor, and C2 systems. It is highly modular and will allow warfighters in the field to easily reconfigure the prognostic tool when “plug and fight” hardware is reconfigured on the battlefield. Our approach models mission critical failures by capturing the (possibly many) way that individual component failures can contribute to a system failure. Our models will exploit component reliability data already available and provides an organized and mathematically principled approach to combining that data. Our team consists of staff who have already contributed to the development and testing of candidate components for the ASoSC2 system as well as mathematicians and computer scientist with extensive experience in Bayesian modeling and reasoning. In addition, Decisive Analytics has a long history of transitioning SBIR technologies to end- users and will work with the prime contractor to integrate the Bayesian Prognostic Failure Model into the deployed ASoSC2.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Patrick Kalgren
ARMY 08-039      Awarded: 10/29/2008
Title:Integrated Air & Missile Defense Systems Prognostics & Health Management
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, along with our industry partners, proposes to develop a prognostic system framework and technologies implementing the state of the art in system prognostics and health management creating a truly prognostic enabled health management system answering the requirements for the Army’s newest Integrated Battle Command System. Principle objectives include: 1) Demonstrate the feasibility and utility of PHM approaches to IAMD systems and 2) Illustrate the systems engineering process to assess, prioritize, evaluate, and deploy capabilities designed to immediately impact the Army’s bottom line for operations and sustainment delivering truly useful capabilities to the soldier. The core effort of the Phase I program will focus on demonstrating the application of PHM technologies across interconnected systems and highlight the process and architecture, along with the verification and validation techniques required to measure success and guide a spiraled development and “PHM capability growth” for the fielded system. The program will include development of a proof-of-concept demonstration and creation of a PHM design guide for program managers and system developers is necessary to ensure a reasoned, methodical, and traceable process informs decisions through identification of the intersections of need, technology availability, and return on investment, essential to justifying PHM system design choices.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road Suite 153B
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Justin Judkins
ARMY 08-039      Awarded: 12/3/2008
Title:Prognostics for the Full, Net-Centric, Plug and Fight Integration of Army Air and Missile Defense Systems (AMD)
Abstract:In order to help the Army add prognostic coverage to its IAMD platform, Ridgetop will apply its proven prognostic technologies to the IAMD systems. Given our experience with integrating prognostics into other electronic systems, Ridgetop will specifically investigate adding prognostics to the following frequently failing systems: (1) electrical motor actuators; (2) electrical cable interconnects; (3) radio frequency components. Ridgetop has existing prognostic technologies that apply to these types of electronic systems. Ridgetop’s RingDown™ actuator prognostic has been successfully demonstrated to predict failures in critical electromechanical actuator systems. The Ridgetop SJ BIST™ (Solder Joint Built-in Self-Test) prognostic technology has been successfully applied in automotive applications. Ridgetop has also, in the recent past, investigated prognostic technologies for radio frequency components. We will apply all three of these technologies to the IAMD platform to help the Army reach its goals for prognostic coverage. RingDown and SJ BIST will simply be an application of existing technologies to new platforms. Ridgetop’s radio frequency prognostics are at a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 4, and this effort will advance them to a higher TRL and ready them for inclusion into Army systems. Ridgetop Group, Inc. is the leading expert in electronic prognostics, and the application of our technologies will help the Army reach its prognostic coverage goals.

ANALYTICAL SERVICES, INC.
350 Voyager Way
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-2191
Joe Sims
ARMY 08-040      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Accurate and Reliable Rocket Thruster Technology
Abstract:In this SBIR project, a preliminary design of a highly accurate, highly repeatable impulse thruster will be completed. ASI, together with ATK, proposes to complete the preliminary design in parallel with the development of a comprehensive thruster model in a Monte Carlo environment that will account for every contributor to repeatability in the final product. Using modern uncertainty analysis techniques, we will identify the top contributors to a lack of repeatability, taking the actual manufacturing processes into account, and devise process control limits to achieve the requirements for the thruster. Our thruster concept includes an innovative approach for IM compliance, by using a passively venting, two-piece motor case. We also propose to use a modern semiconductor bridge (SCB) initiator for motor ignition, which will help us achieve the ignition delay requirements in a compact package. In Phase II, we will continue to revise the Monte Carlo simulation for greater fidelity estimates and produce flight weight motors for performance and IM testing. Important innovations include (1) a passively venting motor case that will provide IM compliance without resorting to explosive cutters and (2) a comprehensive model that will account for both systematic and random sources of error in thruster performance.

EXQUADRUM, INC.
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
ARMY 08-040      Awarded: 12/31/2008
Title:Accurate and Reliable Rocket Thruster Technology
Abstract:The proposed research project will develop an innovative approach to develop and demonstrate the technology required to produce a highly accurate, repeatable, and reliable thruster for divert and attitude control applications that also meets Insensitive Munitions Requirements. In order to reduce risk, the design draws on proven component technologies. The prototype thruster will have a nominal thrust of 6000 N with a total impulse of 90 N•s. In addition, the proposed design will be capable of performance level, growth to larger thruster values by a factor of four. The three sigma impulse repeatability will be 1%. The ignition delay will be no greater than 2.5 ms and have a 3 sigma repeatability within 5%. The action time will nominally be 15 ms and have a 3 sigma repeatability of 15% for the generic thruster. The feasibility of the proposed approach will be demonstrated in a series of hot fire tests during the Phase I research effort.

ADVANCED OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
6767 Old Madison Pike Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
Richard Hartman
ARMY 08-041      Awarded: 11/20/2008
Title:Cyclops
Abstract:The Army needs smaller and cheaper precision weapon systems. Semi-Active Laser guidance (SAL), invented in the 1960’s at the Army Missile command, is a powerful approach to smart weapons. In the past, SAL seekers used quadrant detectors, narrow field-of-view optics, gimbals, and actuators. While very effective, they are expensive. Several programs are desperate for a low-cost solution. One driving tactical need for less expensive precision weapons is today’s asymmetric warfare – the need to hit more, softer targets while minimizing collateral damage means more, smaller precise weapons. Low-cost requires elimination of the mechanical gimbal, and therefore requires a wide field of view. The key to our solution is a ball lens that is inherently omni-directional, and thus the basis for an extremely wide field-of-view strap-down-seeker. Our solution involves a truncation that puts the detector into the correct plane for the desired field of view, Putting facets on the truncated surface allows us to use a narrower band filter to suppress sunlight.

APPLIED SCIENCE INNOVATIONS, INC.
185 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 833-6897
Mikhail Gutin
ARMY 08-041      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Improved Field of Regard for Strap Down Semi Active Laser Seekers
Abstract:To meet the need of the Army in a semi-active laser seeker with increased field of regard for and narrow instantaneous field of view, Applied Science Innovations, Inc. proposes development of the Wide-Angle Optical System for Strap-down Seeker (WAOS3 ). Semi- active strap-down seekers in tactical weapons offer improved reliability, reduced weight, and lower cost. However, combining wide field of regards with high angular discrimination is more difficult in strap-down seekers than in traditional gimbaled seekers, due to loss of signal to noise ratio. The proposed WAOS3 is based on an innovative optical system that allows for high resolution in the narrow IFOV such as 6 to 8 degrees, combined with lower-resolution guidance signals in the wide FOR such as 40 degrees or more. The unique benefits of the proposed solution provide an opportunity to solve the problem stated above, to create a new class of strap-down seeker optics with high- resolution, narrow IFOV and wide FOR required by the Army. Phase I will establish feasibility of the WAOS3 concept. In Phase II, a functional pre-production WAOS3 prototype will be developed and delivered to the Army for evaluation and use. In Phase III, WAOS3 design will be further optimized and transitioned to the Joint Attack Munitions Systems Program Office.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 546-8018
John Dennison
ARMY 08-041      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:Improved Field of Regard for Strap Down Semi Active Laser Seekers
Abstract:Missile systems such as Hellfire provide outstanding lethality, but use traditional gimbaled seeker heads that are too expensive and heavy to meet increasing missile loadout requirements. The reduced weight and lower cost of Strapdown Semi-Active Laser seekers enable missile loadouts that provide greater stowed kill capabilities and/or time on station. Areté Associates has developed a set of innovative concept designs that mitigate the performance limitations of a Strapdown seeker while maintaining all of its advantages. Areté design concepts fit into the following taxonomical structure: 1) Scanning Seekers, 2) Beam Splitting to Two Sensors, and 3) Focal Plane Arrays of Detectors. The design concepts are then evaluated against: Reliability, Detector Sensitivity (detection range), Weight, Cost, Size, FOR Coverage Rate, Compatibility with Proportional Navigation Guidance Algorithms, and extensions of the Total FOR and IFOV beyond minimum threshold. Initial downselection is made in the technical proposal. A 40º total Field of Regard and an Instantaneous Field of View of 8º is set as a minimum threshold requirement for any design concept. The SBIR Phase I program feasibility study will identify the design concept that maximizes performance within size and cost constraints and recommend a positive Phase II approach.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter D. Zavitsanos
ARMY 08-042      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Novel Structural Reactive Materials
Abstract:The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic/reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. Munitions of today contain a high amount of inert material, usually steel, that serves as structural elements and fragment generation. General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) proposes to replace steel with reactive material that is capable of supporting a load, forming reactive fragments when the munition is detonated, produces temperatures in excess of 2000 K and has an exothermic energy output greater than 2000 cal/g. GSI has produced many reactive materials and currently has two candidates that are very likely to meet and exceed these goals. This approach is based on exploiting reactive materials (developed by GSI) which have shown a high degree of promise in meeting the Army’s goals.

MATSYS, INC.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
ARMY 08-042      Awarded: 10/27/2008
Title:Novel High Density Structural Reactive Materials
Abstract:Materials and Manufacturing Systems, Inc. (MATSYS) proposes to develop novel high density, high strength, and highly reactive materials for the enhancement of munitions lethality. This effort will combine our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) with new approaches in powder blend design to develop a new generation of cost-efficient, high strength and highly reactive materials. The proposed material system will have a blend of three elemental and compound powders. The powder blend will be consolidated to full density to maximize the mechanical properties, and below the reaction temperature to preserve the energy for release upon demand. The existence of three different powders will allow for tailoring of mechanical and reactive properties of the composite by varying the volume fraction of each element, and adjusting the particle size. MATSYS high temperature sensor for real-time monitoring of HIP combined with our consolidation models will enable rapid characterization of densification of powder mixtures, optimization of mixtures of interest, and insertion of this new class of materials. MATSYS will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabricating fully dense, high strength and highly reactive materials that will enhance the munitions lethality by releasing a large amount of exothermal heat upon target impact.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Prakash B. Joshi
ARMY 08-042      Awarded: 2/2/2009
Title:High Density, High Strength, Highly Energetic Structural Materials for Enhanced Lethality Army Munition
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc., in collaboration with ATK Space Systems, proposes to develop unique reactive structural material (RSM) concepts and processing techniques that will simultaneously realize high mass density (> 7 g/cm3), high energy density (> 2 kcal/g or 8.36 kJ/g), and superior mechanical properties (tensile/compressive strength > 50 ksi). Our technique allows the RSM composition and process parameters to be tailored for specific applications by proper choice of constituent materials. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of formulating and processing the RSM, and measure their mechanical, energetic, sensitivity, and thermal stability properties. We will produce RSM flat panels in the Phase I baseline program and cylindrical tubes in the Phase I Option program. In Phase II, we will optimize and refine the RSM formulations and process parameters, produce prototype munition components, and conduct energy release and leth ARMY - 297 Phase I Selections from the 08.2 Solicitation

---------- ARMY ----------

297 Phase I Selections from the 08.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ADVANCED PROJECTS RESEARCH, INC.
1925 McKinley Avenue Suite B
La Verne, CA 91750
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(909) 228-9950
Thomas H. Sobota
ARMY 08-015      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Sensor Validation for Turboshaft Engine Torque Sensors
Abstract:We propose a method that specifically addresses the requirement for helicopter engine torque sensor validation by integrating the engine component level model, model reduction techniques, and real-time parameter estimation algorithms. The method starts with a component level turboshaft model. Component degradations are considered. Model reduction techniques are proposed to construct a simplified engine model to design a health parameter estimator to estimate the evolution of health parameters using sensor measurements. Finally, the estimated health parameters and states of the engine are used to determine the engine torque. In collaboration with Honeywell, APRI has assembled a multidisciplinary team with all of the requisite experience to perform the proposed research.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl S. Byington, P.E.
ARMY 08-015      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Sensor Validation for Turboshaft Engine Torque Sensors
Abstract:Impact Technologies LLC, with Honeywell Aerospace and Boeing as industry partners, proposes to develop and demonstrate innovative methods for validating and synthesizing torque sensor readings for the T55 engine. The development team will build off its proven success in previous T-55/Chinook-related programs as well as leverage Impact- developed signal synthesis modules and sensor validation techniques with the goal of prototyping a complete torque sensor validation and signal recovery module. The proposed module will increase torque measurement accuracy by utilizing data-driven modeling to estimate healthy signal values for fault identification and signal recovery, it will reduce the occurrence of unplanned torque system calibrations using statistics-based fault detection, and it will consider the contribution of electronics systems to faults using electronics prognostics and health management on the torque meter power supply and signal conditioning units. Software development best practices will be employed to capture and help implement requirements needed to fully realize a practical system for the T-55, and will evaluate limitations required for a future embedded solution on other relevant engine platforms. Finally, a laboratory demonstration of the developed module will facilitate technology readiness for a Phase II program.

ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1330 Charleston Rd
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Hossein Saberi
ARMY 08-016      Awarded: 10/15/2008
Title:High Performance Computing for Rotorcraft Structural Dynamics
Abstract:This research is dedicated to developing methodology and software to significantly improve the computational efficiency of comprehensive rotorcraft analysis tools in support of aircraft design and engineering applications. The development will emphasize multi-level scalable parallel processing methods that are suited for modern rotorcraft structural dynamics analysis formulated using multi-body and finite element methodology. The research will also address the enhancement of the current rotorcraft structural dynamics modeling through the consideration of the 2-D/3-D finite element approach to improve rotorcraft structural dynamics modeling for modern advanced rotorcraft design and to better support CFD/CSD analysis. The parallel processing methods to be developed will address the rotor dynamics analysis employed either with 1-D nonlinear beam elements or with more sophisticated 2-D or 3-D finite elements. The proposed high performance computing methodology development will also accommodate concurrent rotorcraft analysis such as parameter sweep and design optimization to dramatically reduce the computational time. Phase I of this development focuses on the investigation of viable strategies for applying parallel computing in the framework of presently available comprehensive rotorcraft analysis codes. The Phase I efforts will focus on developing and testing the prototype of the parallel processing methodology in rotorcraft analysis codes including the model enhanced with 2-D/3-D finite element. Phase I will also demonstrate the high performance computing for the concurrent rotorcraft analysis tasks such as design sensitivity study.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4837
Paul J. Dionne
ARMY 08-016      Awarded: 10/9/2008
Title:High Performance Computing for Rotorcraft Structural Dynamics
Abstract:High fidelity computational analyses using solid-fluid interaction models are becoming an important aspect of rotorcraft analysis and design. The large size of these models (potentially millions of degrees of freedom) makes parallelization necessary for reasonable turn-around times. The fluid models, typically having significantly more degrees of freedom, scale well. The solid models, however, typically do not scale as well and thus can become a computational bottleneck for large and highly parallel analysis of coupled solid-fluid systems. In this SBIR, CFDRC will leverage ongoing research and development in the area of solid-fluid interaction to investigate and develop methods for optimal parallelization of a structural analysis code within a coupled fluid/solid framework. A mature existing solid mechanics computational solver with access to several different types of preconditioners and solvers will be used as the baseline. During Phase I, the capabilities of this solver for rotorcraft structural dynamic predictions will be demonstrated. Additionally, the performance of various preconditioner/solver combinations will be investigated and improvements for optimal performance for solver robustness and scalability will be identified. In Phase II, we will implement and demonstrate the identified improvements and incorporate this structural solver into the RCAS framework to allow large-scale parallel coupled solid/fluid interaction analyses.

ADVANCED ROTORCRAFT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1330 Charleston Rd
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Hossein Saberi
ARMY 08-017      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Advanced Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis
Abstract:The focus of this research is to develop an advanced rotorcraft comprehensive analysis tool that will significantly improve the accuracy of the performance, load, vibration, and aeroelastic stability predictions. The product is intended to support new aircraft design and engineering applications. The Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System (RCAS) has been selected for the advancement of the rotorcraft analysis tool. The development will emphasize the improvement of a software environment that enables the easy integration of new functionalities and straightforward interface of external control system and CFD codes. The integration of new nonlinear unsteady dynamic stall airloads and the improvement of vortex wake models along with a multi-load path drivetrain system and a high fidelity turboshaft engine are considered. A graphical user interface (GUI) that will allow users to generate complex rotorcraft configurations, run scenarios, and provide standard output are also included. In Phase I, the functional requirement definition, the theoretical formulations, and the algorithms will be developed to pave the way for full implementation of all the new functionalities. The software infrastructure for the inclusion of new functionalities will be developed and tested. Selected functionalities will be prototyped.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Daniel A. Wachspress
ARMY 08-017      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Advanced Aerodynamic Modules for Comprehensive Rotorcraft Analyses
Abstract:Fast, accurate computational models of rotorcraft aerodynamics and dynamics are critical for analysis and design. The strong coupling between aerodynamics and dynamics characteristic of rotary-wing aircraft greatly complicates the task of comprehensive rotorcraft analyses aspiring to this goal. Over the past twenty-five years, the core focus of Continuum Dynamics, Inc., (CDI), has been to develop fast, accurate, robust aerodynamic models of rotorcraft for analysis and design. These models are currently in use by all major U.S. rotorcraft manufacturers as well as NASA and the DoD. In this SBIR effort, CDI will team with the Georgia Institute of Technology, (GIT), to integrate these sophisticated rotorcraft aerodynamic models into the U.S. Army’s Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System, RCAS. An extensive series of calculations will be performed to demonstrate significant improvements of the new RCAS analysis, elevating RCAS to the state-of-the-art in both rotary-wing aerodynamics and dynamics modeling. In so doing, CDI and GIT will coordinate with industry and government researchers to develop an industry-standard format for coupling aerodynamic and dynamic modeling components applicable for both comprehensive rotorcraft analyses and coupled Computational Fluid Dynamics/Computational Structural Dynamics solutions.

NEW ENGLAND ANALYTICS, LLC
2 Trap Falls Rd Suite 204
Shelton, CT 06484
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 926-2722
Naji Yakzan
ARMY 08-018      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Light Weight Collective Pitch Control Systems for Swashplateless Rotors
Abstract:Swashplateless rotor systems are being developed as a means of reducing weight, maintenance and in support of active rotor systems. These active rotor systems utilize some form of on-blade device to provide primary "cyclic" flight control. In order to achieve optimal performance however, such a system needs to be supplemented with a means of adjusting the average or "collective" pitch of the rotor blades while in flight. This proposal presents a conceptual approach to providing collective pitch control independent of an on-blade flight control system. The objective of this proposal is to develop a mechanical system that provides collective pitch control by means of an electrical actuator. The proposed system will be enclosed within the rotor hub and will provide collective control without the use of a swashplate and its associated external mechanical components. This system will be designed using an existing aircraft rotor hub as a baseline for comparison. The goals of this study are to define a robust system that provides the same capabilities as found in the baseline aircraft while achieving the technical objectives of reduced weight, drag and maintenance.

ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC.
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Matthew Birch
ARMY 08-018      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Light Weight Collective Pitch Control Systems for Swashplateless Rotors
Abstract:Orbital Research Inc proposes to design and optimize a light-weight swashplateless helicopter rotor collective control system. One enabling technology for swashplateless rotors utilizes on-blade controls to control the lift created by each rotor blade. However, a limitation of on-blade controls is that utilizing the individual blade lift authority for collective blade control diminishes the range available for cyclic blade control. A collective control system that primarily adjusts the root blade incidence angle gives increased lift without reducing the authority of the on-blade controls. To provide reduced complexity and weight Orbital Research proposes utilizing all-electric redundant harmonic drive actuators to drive a single mechanism capable of increasing the root blade incidence while maintaining integrated pathways for access to on-blade control mechanisms. Benefits of the harmonic drive actuators include: 1) No backlash, 2) high torque, and 3) simplicity. Because the harmonic drive actuators consist of DC motors and a low-volume, high-gear-ratio harmonic transmission, they are extremely reliable. This will result in a design with low mass, compact geometry, reduced complexity, easy maintenance and ballistic damage resistance.

MOSAIC ATM, INC.
801 Sycolin Road Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 405-8576
Stephen Pledgie
ARMY 08-019      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Persistent Tactical Seeability Through Integrated Sensor Guidance
Abstract:Gimbaled sensor technology and unmanned air vehicle (UAV) guidance systems have advanced to the point where sensor-guided UAV flight operations can become reality. Mosaic ATM proposes a unique predictor-corrector framework for achieving persistent tactical seeability, a measure that estimates the exploitation quality of imagery captured by a moving platform over rugged terrain. Our approach integrates a predictive mechanism for terrain-cognizant sensor/platform configuration with an online planning and guidance capability for maintaining reliable quality of service in the face of environmental and operational disturbances. We have teamed with Brigham Young University's MAGICC Lab to provide the Army with a complete solution featuring rapid sensor configuration and real-time corrective guidance.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Gaemus E. Collins
ARMY 08-019      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Sensor Guided Flight for Unmanned Air Vehicles
Abstract:Sensor guided flight is an essential capability for utilizing UAVs more effectively in reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition (RSTA) missions. Sensor guided flight is envisioned as the ability for a UAV's sensing system, primarily an imaging system, to automatically request a platform position and attitude that maximizes its performance. It is the ability to monitor viewing conditions for a given RSTA task, assess whether the sensor system parameters and platform position and attitude most optimal for those viewing conditions, and, if not, compute and recommend preferred parameters and platform state for best quality imagery for those viewing conditions. This effort will develop the software and architecture that can deliver robust, reliable RSTA from UAVs. We will identify sensor system parameters that can be adjusted automatically during flight, develop techniques to initialize these parameters to an optimum default configuration, automatically monitor platform state to check if viewing obstacles interfere with the line of sight (LOS) to ground, automatically alter sensor system configuration parameters to regain LOS, and enable system transition from operator-managed flight planning to fully autonomous flight.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Attila Lengyel
ARMY 08-020      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Innovative Pitch Rod Actuators for Individual Blade Control
Abstract:Current pitch rods are used to adjust the pitch on the main rotor blades. The collective pitch control is actuated through the swashplate to change the pitch of each blade all at once. There is no current method to individually change the pitch of only one blade individually in production, but there have been some research activities in this area. The technology proposed would remove the currently passive pitch rod and replace it with an active pitch rod that can adjust the main rotor pitch of each blade individually at relatively high bandwidths. Midé proposes to develop a self contained actuation system for Individual Blade Control. Individual Blade Control (IBC) has been predicted to be effective in improving rotor performance. A well developed theory has been posed that a controlled oscillation of the rotor blades can improve overall rotor performance by improving the L/De, or effective lift to drag ratio. If the rotor blade system is more efficient, the rotor speed can be reduced while still generating sufficient lift. The rotor speed reduction would significantly reduce rotor noise, reduce vibration, and in general make for a more efficient aircraft.

IRW CONSULTING
2632E Calle Sin Ruido
Tucson, AZ 85718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 234-0129
Ahmed Hassan
ARMY 08-021      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Innovative Systems for Reduction of Rotorcraft Hub Drag
Abstract:Recent applications of Active Flow Control (AFC) to fixed wing configurations demonstrated the efficacy of AFC in reducing drag. Substantial work was done using simple periodic actuation using zero-mass flux devices, however, novel devices that are light and have no moving parts but require compressed air became available and they have proven their effectiveness in some applications. The application of this knowledge to rotating systems such as the shank and a hub of a helicopter rotor represent the heart of the present proposal. In fact knowing the high drag of the rotor hub assembly led the PIs to acquire the experimental apparatus on which drag reduction schemes using AFC could be investigated. The facility is ready for initial tests and was awaiting sponsorship. The SBIR announcement provides such an opportunity. A generic three bladed rotor hub assembly was designed that can be rotated in a wind tunnel at free stream velocities ranging from 0 to 80miles/hour. The shanks are mounted on load cells that can measure their drag in addition to the overall drag of the assembly. The shanks are also equipped with actuators which should reduce the shank’s drag. Alternate actuation schemes may be investigated in the future.

PIASECKI AIRCRAFT CORP.
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick W. Piasecki
ARMY 08-021      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Innovative Systems for Reduction of Rotorcraft Hub Drag
Abstract:This technology program investigates methods to reduce the aerodynamic drag of the helicopter rotor hub and blade shanks, including investigation of the hub/pylon relationship and its contribution to the flat plate drag of the hub. Examination of both active and passive technologies which can be applied is an integral part of the study effort. The H- 60 is selected as the baseline air vehicle for the study. A baseline weight and drag level will be established and a set of design criteria developed to ensure that the drag reduction approach will not compromise the basic mission capability and maintainability of the aircraft. A detailed geometric model of the hub and shank areas will be developed, and a multi-case CFD analysis of both the baseline and advanced hub designs will be conducted. A study matrix that cycles each design ap-proach through varying dynamic pressure levels, angles of attack, and separation points will be con-ducted, leading to the selection of alternative solutions for a final recommendation for the technology initiative to be pursued in Phase II. During the Option Phase, planning for Phase II full-scale fabrication and testing of the reconfigured hub will be conducted.

TECHNOLOGY IN BLACKSBURG, INC.
265 Industrial Drive
Christiansburg, VA 24073
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 381-8502
Matthew Langford
ARMY 08-021      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Flow-controlled Inflatable Fairings for Helicopter Hub Drag Reduction
Abstract:Techsburg, Inc. proposes to perform experimental proof-of-concept testing of a flow- controlled inflatable fairing concept for helicopter hub/shaft drag reduction. The proposed system includes a rigid hub fairing coupled with an inflatable shaft fairing. Flow control jets emit from the shaft fairing and produce an aerodynamic seal between the hub and shaft fairings, utilizing the Coanda Effect to convert the jet momentum to aerodynamic lift on the hub fairing. During Phase I, a subscale helicopter fuselage model employing the proposed drag reduction technology will be testing in a continuous, subsonic wind tunnel with a 6 ft by 6 ft test section. The drag reduction due to the proposed system will be quantified in the wind tunnel tests, and the concept will be further optimized using both computational fluid dynamics and further experiments in Phase II.

ADVANCED DYNAMICS, INC.
1500 Bull Lea Road, Suite 203
Lexington, KY 40511
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 699-0441
Patrick Hu
ARMY 08-022      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title: VABS Enabled Design Environment for Efficient High-Fidelity Composite Rotor Blade and Wing Section Design
Abstract:This SBIR aims at developing a high-fidelity, yet efficient and easy-to-use, composite rotor blade and wing section design environment to facilitate rapid and confident aeromechanics assessment during conceptual design stages. A well-known technical barrier for composite rotor blade and wing section design is the lack of an efficient, user friendly, high-fidelity design tool to realistically represent the blade section at the conceptual level. This limitation prevents designers from accurately yet efficiently generating sectional properties, easily invoking comprehensive analyses, and rapidly and confidently predicting the stress distribution. As a result, aeromechanical analysis (e.g. for stability, loads, and vibration) is unfortunately left out of the conceptual design phase. In order to overcome this technical barrier and limitation, we propose to improve the functionalities of VABS (Variational Asymptotic Beam Section analysis), the best proven technology for realistic composite rotor blade analysis, and seamlessly integrate it with a versatile CAD environment, a robust optimizer, and a general-purpose postprocessor, all of which are specially tailored for blade and wing section design. We will create the initial capability in Phase I, leading to the full capability of a VABS enabled design environment for efficient high-fidelity composite rotor blade and wing section design in Phase II.

ADVATECH PACIFIC, INC.
1849 North Wabash Ave
Redlands, CA 92374
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(900) 307-6218
Peter Rohl
ARMY 08-022      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Composite Rotor Blade and Wing Structural Design Tool
Abstract:Aeroelastic effects are significant design drivers in rotorcraft design. Typically, detailed structural information of the rotor blade necessary to determine its cross-sectional mass and stiffness properties is not available early on in the design process, especially for complex composite blades that are being employed in modern rotor systems. Therefore, high-fidelity aeroelastic analysis is usually not done until late in the rotorcraft design process, when changes to the design are difficult and costly to implement. Advatech Pacific proposes to address this shortcoming through the development of an integrated rotor blade design environment, where the blade cross sectional properties are calculated by the Variational Asymptotic Beam Sectional analysis code (VABS). This approach combines the comparatively low run times of a beam structural analysis desired for a preliminary-level design tool with the high fidelity rotor blade cross sectional information typically associated with a 3D finite element approach. Overall rotorcraft design and blade aeromechanical analysis is provided by the Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System (RCAS). The original developer of VABS, Dr. Carlos Cesnik, is part of the Advatech Team, giving us a significant head start by bringing both his expertise and the latest version of the VABS code, UM/VABS, to the project. In addition, Mr. Robert Loftus, currently a Technical Fellow at the Boeing Company (formerly McDonnell Douglas Helicopters) and IPT Lead for the new composite main rotor blade design and development for the AH-64D Apache Attack Helicopter, will be providing practical blade design expertise. The proposed design environment will be flexible and modular, so that individual codes can be replaced without major software development effort, should that be desired in the future. The development will be incremental, with Phase I of the SBIR effort focusing on proving out the envisioned architecture.

TECHNOSOFT, INC.
11180 Reed Hartman Highway
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 985-9877
Stephen Hill
ARMY 08-022      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Practical Composite Rotor Blade and Wing Structural Design Tool for Aeromechanical Assessments in Conceptual Design
Abstract:An integrated design and analysis environment supporting the engineering of rotorcraft blades and wings is proposed which will facilitate the assessment of rotorcraft aeromechanics issues at early design stages. The environment will employ a 3D feature- based design environment with an easy-to-use graphical interface that will allow rapid configuration of conceptual designs and automation of high-fidelity analysis models. It will support the parametric design of rotor blade and wing geometry using isotropic and composite materials. Rotor blade cross-section properties will be computed from the design geometry and material descriptions for automating the aeromechanical analyses. It will leverage current design and analyses tools that will be customized and enhanced to facilitate the rapid engineering of rotorcraft. The high-fidelity integrated analysis capabilities coupled to the easy-to-use interactive design environment will facilitate rapid assessment of rotorcraft configurations and leads to optimum configurations reducing engineering time and costs in progressing to the detailed design stages. Conceptual designs can be easily configured and high-fidelity analysis models can be automated to support trade studies and optimization of rotorcraft designs. The ability to integrate the design and multi-disciplinary analysis processes within an easy-to-use environment will provide key functionality to accelerate and improve future rotorcraft engineering.

DYNAMET TECHNOLOGY, INC.
Eight A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 272-5967
David Main
ARMY 08-023      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Titanium Metal Matrix Composite Systems with Enhanced Elevated Temperature Properties for Advanced Turboshaft Engine Impeller Applications
Abstract:This proposal addresses the need for high temperature titanium metal matrix composites (MMC) for advanced turboshaft engine impellers. Dynamet Technology’s particulate reinforced titanium MMCs have superior room and elevated temperature strength, are stiffer and have better creep resistance than conventional titanium alloys. New Ti MMC compositions based on a novel alloy matrix exhibit significantly improved room and elevated temperature properties and specific strengths (strength/weight). The objective of Phase 1 is to demonstrate that these new Ti MMC compositions can meet the demands placed on impellers from higher temperatures and pressures required for advanced turboshaft engines. In Phase 1 selected compositions will be produced and evaluated. The manufacturability of these materials will be demonstrated. The evaluation will include density determination, room and elevated temperature tensile testing, chemical and metallographic analyses. Program support will be provided by Honeywell Aerospace/Advanced Technology. During the Phase 1 Option, creep resistance testing of promising composition(s) will be conducted at the maximum design compressor exit temperature of these advanced engines. In Phase II materials and processes will be developed for the manufacture of impellers and tested for required properties such as; tensile properties, fatigue and creep resistance, fracture toughness and crack growth at room and elevated temperatures.

FMW COMPOSITE SYSTEMS, INC.
1200 W. Benedum Industrial Drive
Bridgeport, WV 26330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 904-4333
Seshacharyulu Tamirisakanda
ARMY 08-023      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Reinforced High Temperature Titanium Metal Matrix Composite Systems For Impeller Applications In Advanced Army Turboshaft Engines
Abstract:FMW Composite Systems, Inc., in collaboration with Honeywell Aerospace (Engine Manufacturer) proposes to develop a nano dispersion reinforced titanium metal matrix composite (TiMMC) system that can operate at higher temperatures for impeller applications in advanced Army turboshaft engines. After determining the goal operating temperatures and pressures that will be experienced in advanced turbine engines, a TiMMC system that can meet the property goals will be down-selected using design of experiments approach. Manufacturability of the selected system will be demonstrated using subscale article fabrication. Performance of the TiMMC system will be proved by conducting coupon testing at room and elevated temperatures.

QUESTEK INNOVATIONS LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8232
Christopher P. Kern
ARMY 08-024      Awarded: 10/9/2008
Title:Main Rotor Weight Reduction and Performance Enhancement via the use of Carburized, High-Strength, Secondary Hardening Steel
Abstract:Main rotor shafts, specifically those used on the CH-47, are among the largest, heaviest, and highly loaded single components on rotorcraft. As the materials technology used in these shafts are decades old, (carburized 9310) there exists an opportunity to redesign the component with state-of-the-art materials technology and reduce component weight 20-25%. Carburizing alloys available today may also provide benefits in thermal resistance, ballistic performance, and stress-corrosion cracking resistance; meaning a technology upgrade holds promise for both weight reduction and performance enhancement. QuesTek’s Materials by Design® technology has been used to design Ferrium® C61, which has a high-strength / high-toughness core to allow for weight reduction or increased power density of components compared to that of 9310. C61 is currently used to make V091 ring and pinions in transmissions for SCORE® 1600 class off-road racing cars. This alloy may represent a substantial weight-savings opportunity for the main rotor shaft on the CH-47 without requiring significant changes in the production process of the component. Other materials technologies using high strength steels may require weld zones, and titanium-based solutions would necessarily increase the design envelope and would likely not be backwards compatible with previous designs. A carburizing steel with high strength, load bearing capability offers the best solution for enhanced performance and lower weight at reasonable cost.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl S. Byington, P.E.
ARMY 08-025      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Lubricant Condition and Metal Analysis Sensor System (LUCAS)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with GasTOPS Inc., proposes a miniaturized, integrated, on-line sensing solution for detection of lubricant quality, metal wear debris and debris elemental analysis. The multi-sensor device created in this program will serve as a direct replacement for legacy chip detectors currently employed to detect metal particles in aircraft lubrication systems. Key tasks of this Phase I effort include: 1) feasibility studies to enable technologies for on-line small scale wear metal elemental analysis; 2) miniaturization (MEMS) and adaptation of Impact’s broadband electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technology for lubricant quality monitoring; 3) conceptual design of a small-scale sensor for application to chip detector ports that integrates wear particle quantification and oil quality detection; and 4) Design and fabrication of macro level prototypes of each of the sensing technologies identified for inclusion. A prototype system will be created and the technology developed will be demonstrated to Army personnel and other stakeholders at the end of this Phase I program.

Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing
7800A South Nogales Highway
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 547-0861
Zachary Wing
ARMY 08-026      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Advanced Manufacturing Methods for Composite Gearbox Housings for Rotorcraft
Abstract:New composite manufacturing technology is urgently needed to improve rotocraft (and non-rotocraft) performance via further integration of composite materials. Recently, Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing (ACM) developed a system of water soluble composites tooling materials that has potential to advance the state composite manufacturing. A team comprised of Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing (ACM) and the University of Delaware integrating state of the art composite processes with ACM’s water soluble technology to produce composite structures with integrated fluid passages. The objective of this proposal is to adapt composite manufacturing processes and ACM’s water soluble tooling technology to produce integrated fluid passages in composite structures. The proposed methods and technology developed will yield a low cost manufacturing technology for producing complex rotocraft structures.

ILLINOISROCSTAR LLC
P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 355-1725
Mark D. Brandyberry
ARMY 08-027      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Experimental and Computational Program for Slow and Fast Cookoff for Insensitive Munitions Testing
Abstract:We propose a joint experimental and computational program to predict the behavior of heterogeneous energetic materials, specifically the properties and dynamics of their initiation, during slow and fast cookoff for insensitive munitions testing. The experimental effort will involve gram-scale fast and slow cookoff experiments in fully instrumented test cells, allowing for spatial and temporal resolution of critical dynamic variables. The modeling effort will focus on multiscale, multiphysics simulations using validated models on high-performance parallel computer platforms. Intermediate scale modeling is crucial to bridging the enormous gap between device-scale models that are often based on empirical modeling rather than first principles, and atomistic-scale models that take into account the underlying discrete nature of matter but are often difficult to relate to engineering-scale results. Our multiscale approach to modeling and simulation will explicitly address physical features and phenomena at the macro- (device), meso- (aggregate of crystals) and micro-scales (individual crystal) in an integrated manner.

ORBITAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP.(ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2732
Martin Chiaverini
ARMY 08-027      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Slow and Fast Cook-Off Modeling
Abstract:Orbital Technologies Corporation proposes to develop a model of both slow and fast cook-off events to help advance efforts to produce solid propellants that can meet insensitive munitions requirements. A standard test to predict the results of full scale SCO and FCO experiments will be developed. In Phase I, we will develop hypotheses to describe solid propellant response to slow and fast cook-off heating events for various propellant families. Experiments will be conducted and compared to the hypotheses for validation and refinement. A numerical simulation will be implemented, and plans developed for Phase II work.

NESCH, LLC
1105 W 163rd Ave
Crown Point, IN 46307
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(219) 644-3505
Ivan Nesch
ARMY 08-028      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Complementary Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE)/Testing (NDT) Techniques for Stockpile Reliability Programs (SRP) of U.S. Army Tactical Missile Systems
Abstract:Nesch, LLC will evaluate an in-laboratory Diffraction Enhanced Imaging (DEI) and Multiple Image Radiography, here referred to as DEI, machine as a potential new non-destructive evaluation/testing technique for use by the U.S. Army. Unlike conventional x-radiography, which derives contrast only from a specimen's absorption effects, DEI derives contrast from all interactions of X-rays with a specimen (absorption, refraction, and scattering). From a single experiment, DEI can produce a set of images with higher contrast and resolution than conventional radiography. Consequently, DEI provides useful imaging contrast from materials, defects and embedded objects that have very slight differences in x-ray absorptivity. In this feasibility study, the ability of DEI to detect and measure the sizes of flaws, cracks, and inclusions in carbon based materials and to visualize and quantitate corrosion in an aluminum alloy will be investigated. This work will be extended during the Option Period to inspect specimens with more relevance to the U.S. Army. In Phase II the DEI machine's capabilities will be improved and at least one prototype will be delivered that can safely inspect Army tactical weapons systems and identify performance limiting defects without false positives.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Pl, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Volodymyr Romanov
ARMY 08-028      Awarded: 12/3/2008
Title:Compton Backscattering Focusing X-Ray System for Nondestructive Evaluation/Testing
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army PEO Missiles and Space need for complementary Nondestructive Evaluation/Testing, (NDE)/(NDT), radiography techniques for the Stockpile Reliability Program of the U.S. Army tactical missile system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new unique, affordable, portable, non-scanning Compton Backscattered Focusing X-ray NDE/NDT System (COFOX) for determining the dimensions, proper assembly, and flaws (voids/inclusions/cracks), corrosion, and other defects of tactical missile systems that consist of heterogeneous materials (explosives, adhesives, electronics, composites, plastics, etc). This proposed device is based on the POC’s innovative Lobster-Eye X-ray focusing lens and the registration of X-ray Compton backscattered photons to provide one-sided in situ NDE/NDT of the missile systems. The COFOX includes a portable X-ray source, Lobster-Eye lens, and an X-ray CCD camera, with a portable computer providing X-ray image processing integrated in a compact handheld housing. The COFOX system will provide NDE/NDT with a quality level better than 1/4–1/4T (0.25% density sensitivity and 0.25% thickness resolution). In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the COFOX system by using its prototype for the NDE/NDT of heterogeneous materials. In Phase II, POC plans to design, fabricate, and test a prototype of the commercial variant of the COFOX system.

STARFIRE INDUSTRIES, LLC
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(708) 955-6691
Brian E. Jurczyk
ARMY 08-028      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Neutron Radiography for Complementary Non-Destructive Evaluation/Testing for Stockpile Reliability Programs of U.S. Army Tactical Missile Systems
Abstract:Neutron Radiography (NR) is a non-destructive evaluation/non-destructive testing technique that is an ideal complement to current x-ray techniques because of differences in how neutrons interact with matter; providing superior contrast for imaging lightweight organic materials, especially adhesives, propellants, liners, and composite materials. Complimentary neutron-based imaging for energetic munitions has been demonstrated by Picatinny Arsenal/PEO Ammo; however, NR has traditionally been limited to a small number of locations around the world because of the relative difficulty of producing neutrons—typically requiring a nuclear reactor, accelerator facility, or significant quantities of radioactive material. Starfire Industries is developing an electronic neutron source that is compact, safe and highly efficient; enabling NR to be performed on-site at production facilities or material storage locations for NDE/NDT inspection. This Phase I SBIR project will demonstrate the applicability of the NR technique to meet the specific requirements of Redstone Arsenal/PEO Missiles and Space for tactical missile stockpile reliability—in particular simulating detector imaging sensitivity and defect resolution for materials of interest. Once feasibility is established and NR station requirements known, a preliminary system design based on the Starfire advanced neutron source can be evaluated for performance, safety and cost.

DR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
7740 Kenamar Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 587-4200
Matt Wrosch
ARMY 08-029      Awarded: 12/4/2008
Title:Sintered Polymeric Composites with Very High Transverse Thermal Conductivity (PDRT08-019)
Abstract:Transverse thermal transfer characteristics of state-of-the-art carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) materials impose significant limitations on the efficacy of electronic assemblies mounted in composite structures. Material technologies for effective heat removal from an electronic device and into the CFRP body are needed. Specifically, techniques that significantly enhance the through-thickness thermal conductivity of CFRPs will allow for a localized heat source to be spread throughout a composite structure, where in-plane conductivity is quite good. DR Technologies is proposing the usage of novel sintering conductive resins to overcome thermal resistance at interlaminar interfaces, thereby dramatically enhancing the transverse thermal conductivity of carbon fiber reinforced polymeric composite laminates. These sintered resins have recently demonstrated effective thermal conductivity of 50 W/m-K, an order of magnitude improvement compared to thermally conductive epoxies. Although the proposed materials are processed and cured like conventional polymeric composites, their thermal characteristics are much closer to solders than polymers.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Thomas Carroll
ARMY 08-029      Awarded: 11/5/2008
Title:Improving Through-Thickness Thermal Conductivity of Carbon/Epoxy Laminates(1001-280)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to increase the through-thickness thermal conductivity of carbon/epoxy structural laminates by selective employment of high thermal conductivity fiber materials and a proven 3-D laminate architecture. Using this approach, it has been shown that through thickness thermal conductivity of structural carbon epoxy laminates can be increased so that the overall heat transfer capacity of the laminate is 95% that of the baseline aluminum structure. At the same time, the laminate retains 86% of its in-plane strain-to-failure. Triton’s Phase I approach ensures all materials and processes developed in this program will be compatible with current missile airframe manufacturing practices; including both hand lay-up / autoclave cure and filament winding processes. In order to successfully transition this technology to solve thermal management problems in composite missile airframe structures, Triton has assembled a strong team that complements Triton’s expertise in composite materials and processes with expertise in thermal management / testing and in-depth knowledge of the requirements of Army tactical missile systems.

NANO TERRA, INC.
790 Memorial Drive Suite 202
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
David Coffey
ARMY 08-030      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Using Nanowires to Improve Environmental Protection of Zinc Sulfide
Abstract:Nano Terra and its subcontractor, Raytheon Missile Systems, proposes a radically different approach to create a coating for ZnS that strengthens the materials by the use of nanowires. By carefully ordering these layers, we will not only form a protective layer, but also form a graded index of refraction structure to reduce reflection. Each successive layer of nanowires will less dense than the previous layers, thus effectively decreasing the index of refraction with each layer, gradually reducing the index of refraction from that of the underlying ZnS to that of air. These nanowire layers should absorb some of the shock from small particles by dispersing the energy into the voids in the nanowire net and by preventing crack propagation across surfaces bridged by the nanowires. Nano Terra, along with its team-mate Raytheon, is qualified to lead this effort because their staff have experience fabricating and precisely placing nanowires for similar devices, and they are a world leader in nano-scale manufacturing.

SURMET CORP.
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
ARMY 08-030      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Improved Environmental protection for Zinc Sulfide
Abstract:Multispectral ZnS windows provide excellent broadband transmission but suffer from susceptibility to damage from handling, sand erosion and rain impact. Surmet is proposing innovative technology to provide such protection while meeting the stated transmission requirements, >65% at 1.06 microns and >85% average transmission over 8 – 12 microns. Phase I work will include key fabrication and testing work to demonstrate effectiveness of our technology and ability to apply it to missile domes. Surmet will work with a missile systems’ Prime Contractor to produce technology with near-term insertion potential. Phase II will optimize our technology and prove repeatability in optical and durability performance, and demonstrate performance, producibility and affordability.

TELAZTEC LLC
15 A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 229-9905
Douglas S. Hobbs
ARMY 08-030      Awarded: 10/23/2008
Title:Enhanced Durability, High-Transmission, ZnS Windows Incorporating AR Microstructures
Abstract:Many military systems utilize the material Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) for windows and domes because of its high transmission and low absorption of infrared light, combined with its relatively low cost. Multi-spectral, or clear ZnS (ClearTran) has a wide spectral transmission range that is particularly useful for multimode missile seekers such as the Joint Common Missile. One long-standing issue with ClearTran is its low environmental durability that necessitates the use of some form of hardening to protect the window or dome from damage due to rain and sand impacts. Typical hardening methods involve the application of thin-film material coatings that must also serve as an anti-reflection (AR) treatment. Such coatings however limit the transmission bandwidth forcing a tradeoff between the level of transmission required and the expected lifetime. As mission profiles become more demanding the further utility of ZnS will depend upon the continued evolution and development of hardening strategies to improve dome durability under increasingly adverse environmental conditions. In a recent experimental study, an innovative AR treatment based on surface relief microstructures was shown to have great potential for increasing the survivability of ZnS windows operating in abrasive environments. This Phase I project proposes to further investigate the durability of AR microstructures built in ClearTran windows that meet the wide bandwidth, high transmission performance requirements of multimode seekers. Multiple design variants that combine AR microstructure technology with hard oxide coatings will be fabricated in ZnS coupons and subjected to a set of rain and sand exposure conditions set by the Government. Six coupons of the most promising designs will be delivered to the Government for further erosion testing. In a Phase I Option program, a statistically meaningful number of coupons will be fabricated with the most durable AR microstructures found during the Phase I work, and further rain and sand erosion testing will be conducted. Also in the Phase I Option program, AR microstructures will be fabricated in a small-scale ClearTran lens surface to demonstrate the ability to apply AR microstructures to dome surfaces during a Phase II program. A close collaboration with the multimode seeker vendor Raytheon Missile Systems, will be maintained throughout the multi-phase program to ensure the rapid transition of the technology into Army systems.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Sanford M. Dash
ARMY 08-032      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Advanced Scramjet Engine/Vehicle Design
Abstract:This program entails designing a Mach 10, scramjet propelled missile system using advanced CFD and design-optimization tools. The CFD codes were validated using full- scale data sets obtained from tests performed in the LENS shock tunnel facility. They contain advanced turbulence and thermochemical models. A preliminary rocket boosted and scramjet propelled concept vehicle will be designed meeting Army requirements and constraints. The propulsive system design will use extensions of earlier concepts, including optimized inlet designs of Candler, and elliptical combustor designs of CRAFT Tech, containing optimized flush round/diamond injector patterns. Inlet/combustor/nozzle designs will be coupled (i.e. realistic inlet solutions are used at the combustor entrance, etc.), and, nose-to-tail CFD calculations will be performed to extract key performance parameters from the CFD for design evaluation. Formal optimization tools will be used to maximize on-design performance, and off-design performance (angle-of-attack, variable M) will be evaluated. The completed propulsive system design will be modified to improve aerodynamic performance (via modifying cross-section shapes, etc.) and additional lift will be obtained by aerodynamic extensions to the design. An optional task deals with the design and evaluation of start-up concepts which will be evaluated using transient CFD simulations.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Brian J. York
ARMY 08-033      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Transpiration Cooling Computational Fluid Dynamics Submodel
Abstract:This proposal entails the development of specialized CFD models which can analyze transpiration cooling processes in complex high-speed environments. This is of significant importance to the Army since “well-designed” transpiration concepts are needed on missile systems that can provide reductions in both heat transfer and skin friction, resulting in improvements in overall performance. The program of work proposed involves a systematic “building-block” approach that will support the development and validation of transpiration models for problems of increasing complexity, using both RANS and LES methodology in complex environments. The environments to be considered in our Phase I effort will be limited to gas-phase transpiration problems, but will consider the effects of combustion as well as shock interactions, and will address flowfields such as those occurring in hypersonic scramjet combustion chambers. The overall objectives will encompass: gathering building-block data sets for systematic model validation; the extension of existing RANS transpiration models to include the effects of variable Prandtl and Schmidt number; the performance of both fundamental validation studies as well as parametric studies; and, the extension of the models and methodology to an LES framework (our optional task), including the performance of a unit problem demonstration calculation.

QORTEK, INC.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth J. Knowles
ARMY 08-034      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:High Performance IC Implanted Energy Harvesting & Non-Accessible Energy Storage
Abstract:The primary objective of this Phase I program will be to demonstrate a high efficiency IC Implanted Energy Extraction and Optimal Management Architecture using multithreat detect capable devices (both tamper and reverse engineering). We aim to show through engineering research, device modeling and hardware prototypes that this approach will enable maximal energy conversion capability while simultaneously enabling broad threat detection capability. The design inaccessibility to any adversary will reduce any risks associated with power interruptions or tampering. Being guided by an MDA prime contractor/end-use integrator of the technology will substantially focus the efforts and improve chances for successful integration of protective techniques/technologies into several key MDA missions that are ongoing. The results will be largely applicable to many forms and types of hardware AT device packaging and weapons platform electronics.

RADIANCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-0966
Joe Frederick
ARMY 08-034      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:Low Power Electronics and Energy Harvesting for Anti-tamper Applications
Abstract:The proposed research will couple an energy harvester device with an energy storage device, to provide onboard power for anti-tamper sensors that operate unattended over extended periods of time. The proposed concept consists of arrays of micro-cantilever beams that are fabricated from piezoelectric material. The power produced from a grinding or scanning acoustic microscopy attack, or from environmental vibrational energy, can either power an AT sensor or trigger or be stored for later use. Our team proposes to design these arrays so they can be placed in an environment where they will sense vibration-based interrogation, or scavenge environmental vibrational energy that would otherwise go unused. Associated micro-circuitry will store and use this energy. This concept will provide micro to milliwatts of electrical power to operate AT sensors. There are many sources of acoustic and vibrational energy that can be harvested in order to provide power for chemical/biological sensors to give early warning of a terrorist attack, or they cn be placed in the high acoustic and vibration-rich environment of a propulsion system engine bay to monitor health-monitoring systems. The micro-beams are robust and long-lived, they require no user intervention, and they will provide an easy retrofit capability for legacy systems.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Jennifer Li
ARMY 08-035      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Conductive Ink for High Resolution 3-D Printing
Abstract:The Army is seeking a low-cost process for applying EMI grid patterns to the concave surface of a missile dome. Applied Nanotech, Inc. (ANI) is a leader in the development of metallic nano-inks for challenging application requirements; Optomec has developed a breakthrough multi-axis direct-write print head that generates an aerodynamically focused aerosol stream that can be used to print feature sizes down to 10 microns onto planar and non-planar substrates. ANI proposes to collaborate with Optomec in an SBIR program to develop a nano-scale conductive ink for high resolution 3-D printing with the aerosol jet technology. In Phase I, ANI and Optomec will conduct laboratory research and development culminating in a proof of concept demonstration of the grid application process by accurately printing the design pattern onto a flat surface of a substrate comprised of a candidate dome material and verifying a sheet resistance of the printed pattern of < 1 ohm per square.

SURMET CORP.
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Thomas J. Mroz
ARMY 08-035      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Conductive Grid Application to Hemispherical Optical Components
Abstract:Transparent domes for multimode seeker technology are currently being developed. Part of that development involves the integration of a fine metal grid for EMI shielding. The shape of the parent dome and the specific requirements for the width and spacing of the grid lines significantly limit the available methods for fabrication. Photolithography has been successfully utilized to produce this grid, however, other processing options with greater flexibility, lower cost, and better manufacturability are sought. We propose herein to develop a direct write grid application method, suitable to achieve the electrical requirements of the application, as well as the down-stream processing routes currently under development. The proposed method will overcome prior issues by providing the opportunities of a wide conductor material choice, as well as variable line thickness capability. Our proposed efforts build on prior and current experience with photolithography, laser methods, and direct write methods that have been, or are being evaluated for this application. Gridded coupons and partial domes will be demonstrated in Phase I. A fully gridded 7” hemispherical dome will be produced by the end of the Phase I Option.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Todd Heil
ARMY 08-035      Awarded: 11/20/2008
Title:Vacuum-assisted MIMIC for EMI grid application on spinel domes
Abstract:Soft lithography is an inexpensive and fast method for applying micropatterned structures to both flat and nonplanar substrates. A vacuum-assisted Micromolding in Capillaries (MIMIC) technique will be developed to print a fine electromagnetic interference (EMI) grid on the inner surface of transparent spinel domes. A photocurable silver filled resin will infiltrate an EMI grid channel patterned on the surface of an elastomeric stamp using vacuum-assisted MIMIC. After exposure to ultraviolet light, the silver resin will cure and then be subjected to furnace treatments to burn off the polymer and densify the silver grid. After densification, the EMI grid will have a low sheet resistance obtained by tailoring the thickness of the gridlines. It is anticipated that this process will significantly reduce the cost of EMI grid application on transparent spinel domes.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Donald E. Patterson
ARMY 08-036      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Novel Energetic Polymers
Abstract:Energetic polymers find use in a myriad of military and commercial applications. Among the most commonly used formulations are the nitrate esters, which have reasonably high energy densities. However, the inherent instability of nitrate esters requires formulations to include stabilizers. Unfortunately, under the harsh storage conditions frequently experienced by many military systems, the current stabilizers used in nitrate esters are consumed too quickly, and the propellants become prematurely unsafe. Regular monitoring of stabilizer concentration is necessary to ensure the safety of our troops. We propose to synthesize novel energetic polymers containing only the environmentally friendly elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. These new polymers will be flexible, non-crystalline, and robust with a high energy content and densities greater than 1.25 g/cm3. The polymers will also be fabricated to be insensitive to mechanical stimuli such as impact, friction, and electrostatic discharge.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5000
Jeffrey Bottaro
ARMY 08-036      Awarded: 2/5/2009
Title:Novel Energetic Polymers
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop novel energetic polymers based on the 1,2,3-triazole linkage to replace conventional binders commonly used in solid propellants. The proposed polymers will enjoy higher enthalpy, higher density, greater tolerance for impurities while curing, desirable mechanical and processing properties, and greater range of compatibility with other propellant ingredients compared to the conventional binders, such as hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene. In Phase I, simple syntheses of prospective poly- azide and poly-acetylenic monomers will be designed to create a sufficiently large matrix of potential prospects for the most practical poly-azide and poly-acetylene starting monomers in the final polymerization to the polymeric triazole-based polymer. Synthesis scale-up and further physical property testing of the most attractive energetic polymer candidates can be performed in the Phase I Option period in preparation for testing in a motor. Physical properties and performance of the specific identified binders will be measured or determined using modeling approaches.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Ana Racoveanu
ARMY 08-036      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Novel Energetic Azido Polymer
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), and its team member Aerojet, propose to synthesize and evaluate a novel energetic azido polymer with high energy and low sensitivity and good density. The proposed prepolymer is a candidate that is expected to perform better (higher Isp, density, oxygen balance, and heat of formation) than the currently used energy-releasing prepolymers. The PSI-Aerojet team has developed a synthetic approach to produce the PGDNMA polymer in 2 stages: monomer synthesis followed by polymerization. PSI will investigate the physical and chemical properties of the novel azido polymer. Aerojet will test the PGDNMA polymer for its energetic and thermal properties. PSI will provide 10 grams of the azido polymer to the appropriate US Government Laboratory. On a potential Phase II program, PSI will scale up the synthesis, and deliver 1 pound of the PGDNMA polymer to the appropriate US Government Laboratory. Aerojet will formulate the polymer in a propellant mixture and provide enhanced properties characterization.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Juan Sepulveda
ARMY 08-037      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Low Cost Production of Transparent Spinel Domes Using Freeze Casting
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR ARMY project proposes the development of 7” in diameter hemispherical spinel domes (3.5” radius, 0.18” wall thickness, 160 degree aperture) through the combination of freeze casting (FC) technology with unique nanopowder technology commercialized by MER for magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) ceramics. These technologies allow for the production of spinel domes with high green density, green near net shape, no residual stress, that result in less distortion in the final sintered dome. The novel process requires less secondary machining after sintering to produce high quality transparent domes at a lower cost when compared to cold isostatic pressing (CIP) technology.

SURMET CORP.
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Thomas J. Mroz
ARMY 08-037      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Low Cost Dome Fabrication
Abstract:The current method for producing dome blanks for multimode optics involves spray drying powders, followed by isopressing around metal mandrels. Yield losses during spray drying, and excess material requirements in the pressing step represent a significant portion of the final part cost. Slurry casting processes represent an alternative to isopressing, and in the case of hemispherical domes, are particularly well suited. Both slip casting and gel casting provide the opportunity to prepare domes at near-net shape with minimal yield loss. The fine particle size of the current Spinel powders pose a particular difficulty in slip/gel casting. Issues related to poor dewatering, cracking and low green densities all affect the value of these processes. We propose herein to develop a freeze casting method suitable for producing hemispherical domes of suitable optical quality from spinel powders. Freeze casting has all the advantages of gel casting, but further includes opportunities for net shape fabrication of dense green ceramic components. The Phase I work will include demonstration of technology to produce relevant dome articles. Phase II will demonstrate repeatability and include cost-benefits and producibility studies. Surmet is already working closely with prime contractors to produce ALON and spinel domes and optical components for near-term missile systems. This will facilitate insertion of this technology rapidly at conclusion of Phase II effort.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Evans A. LaRoche
ARMY 08-037      Awarded: 11/25/2008
Title:Low Cost Production of Domes Using Freeze Casting
Abstract:Multimode seekers for missiles require protective domes that are transparent over a range of wavelengths, including MWIR. Technology Assessment and Transfer, Inc. (TA&T) has successfully manufactured such protective domes from its transparent spinel ceramic material. The most common method of fabricating spinel dome green bodies consists of preparing the ceramic powder using conventional powder preparation techniques, filling a mold with powder, and using cold isostatic pressing (CIP) to form the green body at high pressure. This method is time consuming due to the handling of the powder and mold filling, and expensive due to the cost of CIP equipment, touch labor, and total cycle time. Casting or molding the domes has the potential to reduce the labor and equipment costs. TA&T proposes to develop a freeze casting process for manufacturing transparent spinel domes by first developing two high-solids casting slips – one based on water and the other using a non-aqueous vehicle. The second step will be to design and build a mold suitable for use over a wide range of temperatures. The third step will be to cast test specimens from both slips, sinter/HIP them and characterize the resulting spinel ceramic materials.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ross Eaton
ARMY 08-038      Awarded: 11/13/2008
Title:Continuous Optical Mapping for Munitions Using Terrain Elevation and Reconstruction (COMMUTER)
Abstract:Contemporary tactical missiles use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) as an economical means of self-localization and target location identification, but GPS signals are subject to jamming and intermittent unavailability. When a missile loses its ability to reliably self- locate, its strike capability is obviously compromised. Traditional methods have compensated by adding another navigation system, driven by fundamentally different sensors, such as an inertial measurement unit (IMU), a stellar navigation system, or TERCOM, but these are subject to an entirely new set of limitations (e.g. an IMU drifts over time, a star tracker is limited by ambient lighting and weather, and TERCOM uses active radar sensing, possibly alerting targets). In this proposal, we outline a system called Continuous Optical Mapping for Munitions Using Terrain Elevation and Reconstruction, or COMMUTER, that can estimate the geolocation and orientation of an air vehicle given an onboard library of shape-based landmark features derived from digital terrain elevation data and a real-time stream of images from an onboard camera. The system does not require GPS, active sensing, or any prior information about the expected flight path. We will assess system accuracy and robustness via evaluation and trade study examining camera, processing, and platform constraints.

OPTO-KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS, INC.
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
ARMY 08-038      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Autonomous Video-based Navigation for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:OKSI's existing autonomous video-based navigation techniques will be upgraded to improve the extraction of platform attitude and altitude from the video imagery. This will be combined with motion vector extraction, which has already been developed, to produce full autonomous capabilities for low altitude high-speed platforms. Under Phase-I, a laboratory simulator and a synthetic data generator will be used initially to test the algorithm enhancements. OKSI's video navigation flight instrumentation package will be modified to provide a brassboard demonstration of the proposed configuration and will be flown on a manned platform to collect data for testing and demonstrating the proposed navigation enhancements. In Phase-II, real time processing will be incorporated for a full system demonstration. The OKSI technique fully relies on the video imagery for navigation and is only using landmark geospatial data (e.g., satellite imagery, DTED) periodically for position verification and updates.

SET ASSOC. CORP.
1005 N. Glebe Rd. Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 965-9964
Reuven Meth
ARMY 08-038      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:Vision Based Adjunct Navigation Technologies
Abstract:Precise targeting of modern munitions systems depend critically on GPS/INS systems to provide precise navigation data for controlling flight. When GPS is denied, the drift associated with INS measurements quickly increase measurement errors beyond the point where they are no longer useful for navigation and flight control. SET Corporation proposes to design and implement a vision-based navigation system that enables extended precision navigation during periods of GPS denial. The system uses 2D georectified satellite imagery and 3D terrain information to provide sources of absolute correction for precise localization that are impervious to accumulated drift. Video imagery acquired from on-board sensors is automatically registered to database imagery via approaches that are robust to variations across sensor collections and sensor types enabling day/night operation, and are refined to provide accurate pixel-based feature correspondences. Precise localization is then performed based on a rigorous mathematical foundation of imaging geometry coupled with automated refinement that accurately determines sensor and feature positioning in the absence of GPS updates. Feasibility of the proposed approach will be demonstrated in Phase I via a design trade study which will drive system component selection. Phase II will focus on system prototype development to be demonstrated on a proxy helicopter platform.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 895-4331
Dan Schrimpsher
ARMY 08-039      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Bayesian Prognostic Failure Model for ASoSC2 using a model-of-models approach
Abstract:We propose a “model-of-models” approach for building a Bayesian Prognostic Failure Model that will meet Army IAMD requirements for the ASoSC2. The model-of-models approach closely parallels the system-of-systems approach pursued by the Army for fielding its weapon, sensor, and C2 systems. It is highly modular and will allow warfighters in the field to easily reconfigure the prognostic tool when “plug and fight” hardware is reconfigured on the battlefield. Our approach models mission critical failures by capturing the (possibly many) way that individual component failures can contribute to a system failure. Our models will exploit component reliability data already available and provides an organized and mathematically principled approach to combining that data. Our team consists of staff who have already contributed to the development and testing of candidate components for the ASoSC2 system as well as mathematicians and computer scientist with extensive experience in Bayesian modeling and reasoning. In addition, Decisive Analytics has a long history of transitioning SBIR technologies to end- users and will work with the prime contractor to integrate the Bayesian Prognostic Failure Model into the deployed ASoSC2.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Patrick Kalgren
ARMY 08-039      Awarded: 10/29/2008
Title:Integrated Air & Missile Defense Systems Prognostics & Health Management
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, along with our industry partners, proposes to develop a prognostic system framework and technologies implementing the state of the art in system prognostics and health management creating a truly prognostic enabled health management system answering the requirements for the Army’s newest Integrated Battle Command System. Principle objectives include: 1) Demonstrate the feasibility and utility of PHM approaches to IAMD systems and 2) Illustrate the systems engineering process to assess, prioritize, evaluate, and deploy capabilities designed to immediately impact the Army’s bottom line for operations and sustainment delivering truly useful capabilities to the soldier. The core effort of the Phase I program will focus on demonstrating the application of PHM technologies across interconnected systems and highlight the process and architecture, along with the verification and validation techniques required to measure success and guide a spiraled development and “PHM capability growth” for the fielded system. The program will include development of a proof-of-concept demonstration and creation of a PHM design guide for program managers and system developers is necessary to ensure a reasoned, methodical, and traceable process informs decisions through identification of the intersections of need, technology availability, and return on investment, essential to justifying PHM system design choices.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road Suite 153B
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Justin Judkins
ARMY 08-039      Awarded: 12/3/2008
Title:Prognostics for the Full, Net-Centric, Plug and Fight Integration of Army Air and Missile Defense Systems (AMD)
Abstract:In order to help the Army add prognostic coverage to its IAMD platform, Ridgetop will apply its proven prognostic technologies to the IAMD systems. Given our experience with integrating prognostics into other electronic systems, Ridgetop will specifically investigate adding prognostics to the following frequently failing systems: (1) electrical motor actuators; (2) electrical cable interconnects; (3) radio frequency components. Ridgetop has existing prognostic technologies that apply to these types of electronic systems. Ridgetop’s RingDown™ actuator prognostic has been successfully demonstrated to predict failures in critical electromechanical actuator systems. The Ridgetop SJ BIST™ (Solder Joint Built-in Self-Test) prognostic technology has been successfully applied in automotive applications. Ridgetop has also, in the recent past, investigated prognostic technologies for radio frequency components. We will apply all three of these technologies to the IAMD platform to help the Army reach its goals for prognostic coverage. RingDown and SJ BIST will simply be an application of existing technologies to new platforms. Ridgetop’s radio frequency prognostics are at a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 4, and this effort will advance them to a higher TRL and ready them for inclusion into Army systems. Ridgetop Group, Inc. is the leading expert in electronic prognostics, and the application of our technologies will help the Army reach its prognostic coverage goals.

ANALYTICAL SERVICES, INC.
350 Voyager Way
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-2191
Joe Sims
ARMY 08-040      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Accurate and Reliable Rocket Thruster Technology
Abstract:In this SBIR project, a preliminary design of a highly accurate, highly repeatable impulse thruster will be completed. ASI, together with ATK, proposes to complete the preliminary design in parallel with the development of a comprehensive thruster model in a Monte Carlo environment that will account for every contributor to repeatability in the final product. Using modern uncertainty analysis techniques, we will identify the top contributors to a lack of repeatability, taking the actual manufacturing processes into account, and devise process control limits to achieve the requirements for the thruster. Our thruster concept includes an innovative approach for IM compliance, by using a passively venting, two-piece motor case. We also propose to use a modern semiconductor bridge (SCB) initiator for motor ignition, which will help us achieve the ignition delay requirements in a compact package. In Phase II, we will continue to revise the Monte Carlo simulation for greater fidelity estimates and produce flight weight motors for performance and IM testing. Important innovations include (1) a passively venting motor case that will provide IM compliance without resorting to explosive cutters and (2) a comprehensive model that will account for both systematic and random sources of error in thruster performance.

EXQUADRUM, INC.
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
ARMY 08-040      Awarded: 12/31/2008
Title:Accurate and Reliable Rocket Thruster Technology
Abstract:The proposed research project will develop an innovative approach to develop and demonstrate the technology required to produce a highly accurate, repeatable, and reliable thruster for divert and attitude control applications that also meets Insensitive Munitions Requirements. In order to reduce risk, the design draws on proven component technologies. The prototype thruster will have a nominal thrust of 6000 N with a total impulse of 90 N•s. In addition, the proposed design will be capable of performance level, growth to larger thruster values by a factor of four. The three sigma impulse repeatability will be 1%. The ignition delay will be no greater than 2.5 ms and have a 3 sigma repeatability within 5%. The action time will nominally be 15 ms and have a 3 sigma repeatability of 15% for the generic thruster. The feasibility of the proposed approach will be demonstrated in a series of hot fire tests during the Phase I research effort.

ADVANCED OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
6767 Old Madison Pike Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
Richard Hartman
ARMY 08-041      Awarded: 11/20/2008
Title:Cyclops
Abstract:The Army needs smaller and cheaper precision weapon systems. Semi-Active Laser guidance (SAL), invented in the 1960’s at the Army Missile command, is a powerful approach to smart weapons. In the past, SAL seekers used quadrant detectors, narrow field-of-view optics, gimbals, and actuators. While very effective, they are expensive. Several programs are desperate for a low-cost solution. One driving tactical need for less expensive precision weapons is today’s asymmetric warfare – the need to hit more, softer targets while minimizing collateral damage means more, smaller precise weapons. Low-cost requires elimination of the mechanical gimbal, and therefore requires a wide field of view. The key to our solution is a ball lens that is inherently omni-directional, and thus the basis for an extremely wide field-of-view strap-down-seeker. Our solution involves a truncation that puts the detector into the correct plane for the desired field of view, Putting facets on the truncated surface allows us to use a narrower band filter to suppress sunlight.

APPLIED SCIENCE INNOVATIONS, INC.
185 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 833-6897
Mikhail Gutin
ARMY 08-041      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Improved Field of Regard for Strap Down Semi Active Laser Seekers
Abstract:To meet the need of the Army in a semi-active laser seeker with increased field of regard for and narrow instantaneous field of view, Applied Science Innovations, Inc. proposes development of the Wide-Angle Optical System for Strap-down Seeker (WAOS3 ). Semi- active strap-down seekers in tactical weapons offer improved reliability, reduced weight, and lower cost. However, combining wide field of regards with high angular discrimination is more difficult in strap-down seekers than in traditional gimbaled seekers, due to loss of signal to noise ratio. The proposed WAOS3 is based on an innovative optical system that allows for high resolution in the narrow IFOV such as 6 to 8 degrees, combined with lower-resolution guidance signals in the wide FOR such as 40 degrees or more. The unique benefits of the proposed solution provide an opportunity to solve the problem stated above, to create a new class of strap-down seeker optics with high- resolution, narrow IFOV and wide FOR required by the Army. Phase I will establish feasibility of the WAOS3 concept. In Phase II, a functional pre-production WAOS3 prototype will be developed and delivered to the Army for evaluation and use. In Phase III, WAOS3 design will be further optimized and transitioned to the Joint Attack Munitions Systems Program Office.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 546-8018
John Dennison
ARMY 08-041      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:Improved Field of Regard for Strap Down Semi Active Laser Seekers
Abstract:Missile systems such as Hellfire provide outstanding lethality, but use traditional gimbaled seeker heads that are too expensive and heavy to meet increasing missile loadout requirements. The reduced weight and lower cost of Strapdown Semi-Active Laser seekers enable missile loadouts that provide greater stowed kill capabilities and/or time on station. Areté Associates has developed a set of innovative concept designs that mitigate the performance limitations of a Strapdown seeker while maintaining all of its advantages. Areté design concepts fit into the following taxonomical structure: 1) Scanning Seekers, 2) Beam Splitting to Two Sensors, and 3) Focal Plane Arrays of Detectors. The design concepts are then evaluated against: Reliability, Detector Sensitivity (detection range), Weight, Cost, Size, FOR Coverage Rate, Compatibility with Proportional Navigation Guidance Algorithms, and extensions of the Total FOR and IFOV beyond minimum threshold. Initial downselection is made in the technical proposal. A 40º total Field of Regard and an Instantaneous Field of View of 8º is set as a minimum threshold requirement for any design concept. The SBIR Phase I program feasibility study will identify the design concept that maximizes performance within size and cost constraints and recommend a positive Phase II approach.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter D. Zavitsanos
ARMY 08-042      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Novel Structural Reactive Materials
Abstract:The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic/reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. Munitions of today contain a high amount of inert material, usually steel, that serves as structural elements and fragment generation. General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) proposes to replace steel with reactive material that is capable of supporting a load, forming reactive fragments when the munition is detonated, produces temperatures in excess of 2000 K and has an exothermic energy output greater than 2000 cal/g. GSI has produced many reactive materials and currently has two candidates that are very likely to meet and exceed these goals. This approach is based on exploiting reactive materials (developed by GSI) which have shown a high degree of promise in meeting the Army’s goals.

MATSYS, INC.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
ARMY 08-042      Awarded: 10/27/2008
Title:Novel High Density Structural Reactive Materials
Abstract:Materials and Manufacturing Systems, Inc. (MATSYS) proposes to develop novel high density, high strength, and highly reactive materials for the enhancement of munitions lethality. This effort will combine our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) with new approaches in powder blend design to develop a new generation of cost-efficient, high strength and highly reactive materials. The proposed material system will have a blend of three elemental and compound powders. The powder blend will be consolidated to full density to maximize the mechanical properties, and below the reaction temperature to preserve the energy for release upon demand. The existence of three different powders will allow for tailoring of mechanical and reactive properties of the composite by varying the volume fraction of each element, and adjusting the particle size. MATSYS high temperature sensor for real-time monitoring of HIP combined with our consolidation models will enable rapid characterization of densification of powder mixtures, optimization of mixtures of interest, and insertion of this new class of materials. MATSYS will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabricating fully dense, high strength and highly reactive materials that will enhance the munitions lethality by releasing a large amount of exothermal heat upon target impact.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Prakash B. Joshi
ARMY 08-042      Awarded: 2/2/2009
Title:High Density, High Strength, Highly Energetic Structural Materials for Enhanced Lethality Army Munition
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc., in collaboration with ATK Space Systems, proposes to develop unique reactive structural material (RSM) concepts and processing techniques that will simultaneously realize high mass density (> 7 g/cm3), high energy density (> 2 kcal/g or 8.36 kJ/g), and superior mechanical properties (tensile/compressive strength > 50 ksi). Our technique allows the RSM composition and process parameters to be tailored for specific applications by proper choice of constituent materials. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of formulating and processing the RSM, and measure their mechanical, energetic, sensitivity, and thermal stability properties. We will produce RSM flat panels in the Phase I baseline program and cylindrical tubes in the Phase I Option program. In Phase II, we will optimize and refine the RSM formulations and process parameters, produce prototype munition components, and conduct energy release and lethality testing. Upon successful technology demonstration, we will work with the Army and ATK to transition the technology into operational munition systems.

GENESIC SEMICONDUCTOR, INC.
43670 Trade Center Place Suite 155
Dulles, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 996-8200
Ranbir Singh
ARMY 08-043      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Stackable, Fast Plasma Spreading (FPS) SiC Thyristor Modules with Soldered Contacts
Abstract:The development of a novel high performance power module based on fast, ultra high voltage Thyristor-based SiC switch is proposed. Innovations proposed include: (a) development of a new type of Silicon Carbide Thyristor structure optimized for high pulsed currents; (b) Wire bond-less packages with extremely low parasitic inductance; (c) methods of series-parallel connection of large number of >15kV modules, that are relevant towards pulsed power and electric utility applications. Novel methods to use the proposed devices in pulse modulators are proposed. Relevant SiC fabrication experiments will be conducted in a semiconductor foundry to fabricate ultra high voltage SiC devices. Extensive test and reliability plan will be developed for evaluating devices for high pulse currents as well as trigger circuits. Power modules will be designed to have low parasitic inductance, high voltage stand-off capability and low thermal impedance. Finally, optimized bipolar devices will be fabricated and packaged in a power module optimized for a scalable design that can achieve up to 140 kV, 50 kA pulsed capability.

OPTISWITCH TECHNOLOGY CORP.
6355 Nancy Ridge Drive
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 452-8787
David Giorgi
ARMY 08-043      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:High Voltage, High Current, Solid State Switches
Abstract:This topic examines current state-of-the-art in solid state switches and develops a design that goes beyond today's capabilities. The Extreme Break-Over Diode (SBOD) switch represents enabling technology for defense applications requiring compact size and weight, long lifetime, fast turn on, fast turn off time, and high-efficiency triggering. OptiSwitch demonstrated experimentally, its first-generation Extreme Break Over Diode (XBOD). The XBOD fast turn on is achieved using low energy displacement current excited by a capacitively coupled high voltage pulse. The Silicon XBOD design will be improved for speed using electron irradiation and epitaxial fabrication techniques. An XBOD design using Silicon Carbide will be created and is expected to be the ultimate solution in pulse power switching.

ARES, INC.
818 Front Street Lake Erie Business Park
Port Clinton, OH 43452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 635-2175
Russell E. Sweitzer III
ARMY 08-044      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Innovative Tantalum Machining for Weapon Applications
Abstract:Gun barrel bores have been traditionally plated with chromium to reduce erosion and increase service life. However, the chrome electro deposition process generates hazardous waste and the DoD has been moving to eliminating its use. Liners made from Tantalum – tungsten (Ta-W) alloys have been shown to be an acceptable substitute. These alloys have a high melting temperature, are more erosion resistant then chromium, and will increase the service life of gun barrels. Conventional rifling cutters and manufacturing techniques used to date have not been able to consistently produce parts within acceptable drawing tolerances or without degradation to the integrity of the cladded surface. Additional investigation into the machining characteristics of the Ta-W alloy and development of manufacturing tooling and techniques will yield the correct parameters to successfully and repeatedly rifle cladded barrel bores.

MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
James C. Withers
ARMY 08-044      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:An Innovative Machining Process to Rifle Titanium Alloy Line Gun Barrels
Abstract:Tantalum alloy lined gun barrels offer significant promise over chromium lined barrels as well as the chromium lining process has been restricted for environmental reasons. However, tantalum’s inherent properties have presented a significant challenge to machine rifling in a tantalum lined barrel. An established cost effective machining process has demonstrated straight aligned rifles can be machined into Ta-10W. This program proposes to set-up synchronized motions to adapt this demonstrated Ta-10W machining process to produce rifling profiles that meets the 25 mm Bushmaster barrel specifications. Because high contact forces are not required, rifling profiling will initially be demonstrated in commercially available Ta-10W tubes followed by rifling explosively bonded Ta-10W clad truncated 12 inch barrel sections and delivery of such barrel sections to the Army. The cost effectiveness of this machining process to rifle production length barrels will be demonstrated.

American GNC Corporation
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Ching-Fang Lin
ARMY 08-045      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Multi-Agent Automatic Target and Threat Alert and Cueing System (MAATTACS)
Abstract:The US ARMY is seeking Unmanned Systems (UMS) with increased levels of automation, coordination, improved human machine interface and communication networks that enable collaborative engagements across multiple UMS platforms capable of automated and collaborative search and target engagement while providing alerts and alarms based on a distributed intelligent sensor network and with a high fidelity visualization toolset for enhanced situational awareness, providing a common operational picture. We are pleased to propose the Multi-agent Automatic Target, Threat Alert and Cueing System (MATTACS). The MATTACS leverages the Coremicro 4D GIS system with mission planning toolsets and a 3D virtual global GIS based visualization engine and AGNC robotic platform targeting functionalities. MATTACS also deploys a novel distributed multi-agent multi-target tracking fusion algorithm at each agent node. The objective of this project is to enhance the current Robotic platforms functionalities and specifically to increase its autonomy for collaborative target detection, tracking and engagement. At the end of Phase I, a prototype system demonstration based on multiple mission threads will be conducted.

KUTTA CONSULTING, INC.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas V. Limbaugh
ARMY 08-045      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Reusable and Adaptable Cognitive Decision Aids Components For Remote Weapon Stations
Abstract:Kutta proposes the development of a System of Modular Adaptive Reusable Tools (SMART) capable of real-time decision aiding and visualization across multiple platforms. SMART is a modular and componentized product designed to enhance operator performance, survivability, and lethality on both current and future force platforms. Kutta’s library of modular UMS decision aids, designed to achieve a total warfighter cognitive workload reduction of greater than 50%, are utilized in the development of the operating system independent SMART. Kutta also proposes the development of a UMS ontology, used by SMART to adapt and customize each of the decision aids to the specific needs, capabilities, and payload of each platform. To maximize interoperability and reuse, SMART integrates with Kutta’s library of industry standard UMS messaging interfaces including JAUS, STANAG 4586, Joint Variable Message Format, and Cursor on Target. Kutta also proposes the development of a graphical user interface toolkit that permits rapid configuration of the decision aids. Kutta’s modular and reusable SMART product coupled with the proposed graphical toolkit provides the warfighter with a suite of decision aids that can significantly reduce cognitive workload and increase lethality in both the current and future force.

MOBILE INTELLIGENCE CORP.
13620 Merriman Road
Livonia, MI 48150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 367-0430
Douglas C. MacKenzie
ARMY 08-045      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Autonomous Target Engagement for Multiple Remote Weapon Stations
Abstract:This project will address critical Army technology shortcomings related to the use of semi autonomous and autonomous weapons platforms under development for the Future Force. Phase I will address "colloborative processes" for autonomous acquisition, track and engagement of targets by integration of an existing Multi Target Tracker with a CDAS Network Enabled Decision Aid Component hosting reuseable software components developed under previous research programs. The resulting application will allow tasking a collection of autonomous unmanned ground systems with an autonomous target “search, acquire, and track” mission and will automate engagement of multiple targets using a distributed decision aid module resident on the robots themselves. It will also provide automated target hand-off to the appropriate shooter for employment of multiple Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV) in an MxN shooter-target environment. The demonstration mission is a complete thread from receipt of a Tactical Order from FBCB2, through the Search and Surveillance/Tracking process, determination of the optimal Engagement Course of Action, and execution of the autonomous MxN Shooter-Target Engagement process.

ROBOTICS RESEARCH CORP.
4480 Lake Forest Drive Suite 408
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 831-9570
James D. Farrell
ARMY 08-045      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Reusable and Adaptable Cognitive Decision Aids Components For Remote Weapon Stations
Abstract:For an operator to optimize the tactical execution and collaboration of unmanned systems (UMSs), not only must pertinent situational awareness and intelligence data be presented to him in an effective manner, but active cognitive decision aids (CDAs) must assist and enhance his judgment skills and expedite his actions. A scalable, extensible, open, configurable and adaptable architecture for the operator control unit (OCU) is needed to facilitate the insertion of cognitive decision aid (CDA) and other components to support a wide range of UMS missions with diverse platform mechanisms and sensor package configurations. The architecture must be scalable, not only at the component level, but at the thread level. The architecture must accommodate the insertion of distributable components for network scalability as well as resident components that can be assigned dynamically to execute on individual processor cores to balance workloads and enhance thread parallelism for platform scalability. This program aims to develop the required OCU architecture and fully implement key reusable CDA components that abstract situational awareness and intelligence data to provide operator guidance while performing multiplatform collaborative missions.

APPLIED ENERGETICS
3590 East Columbia St
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 917-3063
Stephen McCahon
ARMY 08-046      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Novel Efficient and Compact Diode-pumped Rod Gain Modules for Ultra Short Pulsed (USP) Lasers
Abstract:Lasers based upon rod architectures offer a simple and rugged method for amplifying an Ultra-Short Pulse (USP) duration laser pulse at moderate powers. When paired with a chirped pulse amplifier (CPA) chain, greater system flexibility and capabilities are realized. This proposal provides solutions to overcome the technical challenges when combining the two techniques in high repetition rate operation by utilizing innovative designs and material solutions. The objective of this Phase 1 proposed effort is to develop a detailed design for a diode-pumped rod amplifier head for USP Yb:YAG lasers that is compatible with a CPA chain. The expected deliverable from this proposed research and development effort is to present candidate design technologies and the expected performance characteristics obtained via modeling, simulation or other mathematical methods to facilitate the decision for Phase II prototype construction.

FIBERTEK, INC.
510 Herndon Parkway
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-7671
Brian Mathason
ARMY 08-046      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Novel Efficient and Compact Diode-pumped Rod Gain Modules for Ultra Short Pulsed (USP) Lasers
Abstract:A novel rod laser amplifier design for CPA of USP lasers has been developed. In Phase I the design will be finalized and performance modeling will be completed. In the option phase we will demonstrate a subscale amplifier head to verify design and performance.

APPLIED ENERGETICS
3590 East Columbia St
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 628-7415
Stephen McCahon
ARMY 08-047      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Edge-pumped Composites for Ultra-Short Pulse (USP) Lasers
Abstract:Current efforts utilizing solid state Ultra-Short Pulse (USP) Lasers have identified edge pumped lasers as a technology with the potential to greatly increase the performance of candidate systems. This proposal provides “leap ahead” concepts for gain media materials, processing, geometry, and/or finishing, pushing the leading edge of conventional gain media beyond the current capability. The objective of this Phase I proposed effort is to develop and design edge pumped laser gain media that have uniform transverse pump absorption distributions while maintaining good optical beam quality and high laser efficiency at the kW average output power level. The expected deliverable from this proposed research and development effort is to present candidate design technologies and the expected performance characteristics obtained via modeling, simulation or mathematical methods to facilitate the decision for Phase II prototype construction. This capability will benefit both Government and private sector organizations.

AQWEST
8276 Eagle Road
Larkspur, CO 80118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 681-0456
Jan (John) Vetrovec
ARMY 08-047      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Edge-pumped Composites for Ultra-Short Pulse (USP) Lasers
Abstract:Aqwest proposes to develop a novel edge-pumped composite disk laser amplifier for ultra-short pulse (USP) lasers offering operation at high-average power (HAP) at near- diffraction limited beam quality (BQ). The project will produce an amplifier for USP laser with the following major benefits to the Army and the DOD: 1) Transverse absorbed pump distribution uniformity >90% 2) Less than 1/20 of wave optical error for good BQ 3) kW average output power level per disk 4) Predicted laser efficiency as high as 51% 5) Compatible with multiple materials and wavelengths 6) Ultra-compact and lightweight packaging 7) Suitable for USP, conventional pulsed lasers, and continuous wave (cw) lasers Innovative cooling provides effective thermal management while limiting related thermal lensing. The composite disk amplifier is suitable for use with a variety of USP and other HAP laser systems. In Phase I, we will identify USP laser materials, evaluate methods for fabrication of composites, design composite disk amplifiers including pump diode array based on the most promising materials, and validate performance by numerically simulating pulse amplification, amplified spontaneous emission, spatial hole burning, thermal management, and optical distortions. As an option, we will validate the fabrication process by constructing a sample gain material composite disk.

CRYSTAL GENESIS, LLC
23 Wilson Drive
Sparta, NJ 07871
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 512-4848
Mike Scripsick
ARMY 08-047      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Edge-pumped Composites for Ultra-Short Pulse (USP) Lasers
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I effort is to design an edge pumped laser gain medium with uniform transverse pump absorption based on Yb:KLW/KLW composite structures. The design will be optimized for operation in an ultrashort pulse laser configuration with kW average output levels with particular emphasis on maintaining near diffraction limited beam quality. This goal will be realized by completing a njumber of technical objectives: 1. Determine range of dopant concentrations and dimensions to be investigated in Phase II to fulfill the operational requirements provided by ARDEC; 2. Demonstrate successful crystal growth of KLW and Yb:KLW that can be scaled up to meet the requirement for successful construction of Yb:KLW/KLW composites; 3. Use undoped substrates from early growth runs to demonstrate epitaxial growth of low concentration Yb:KLW on KLW substrates; 4. Use doped and undoped crystals from early growth runs to investigate the potential of optical contacting and diffusion bonding to construct composite gain media; 5. Establish the best test bed environment for Phase II demonstration of composite structure performance consistent with the goals of ARDEC.

Coherent Logix, Incorporated
1120 South Capital of Texas Highway Building 3, Suite 310
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 382-4967
Brian Dalio
ARMY 08-048      Awarded: 2/27/2009
Title:bioX Processor (bioX)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Inc., (CLX) proposes to leverage significant previous and on-going investment in the massively parallel HyperX technology fabric by investigating enhancements to the HyperX hardware, application software, and tool flow to better support dynamic reconfiguration of processing and data flow. In addition to a demonstration of the current technology's capabilities, CLX proposes to make use of attributes inspired by the characteristics of biological systems (specifically the ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions and to continue to operate in the presence of defects or failures) to investigate enhancements that would enable a next-generation level of capability in the areas of dynamic reconfiguration and reallocation of computing resources and the dynamic routing of data. These enhancements will be developed while also improving the fabric's GOP/s/W rating (i.e., even further reducing power consumption). CLX proposes to deliver a conceptual design and simulation model for the enhanced fabric (the bioX Processor fabric) as well as the simulation results for a parallel application demonstrating dynamic reconfiguration of processing resources and data flow. A development plan addressing design-for-manufacturability, design-for- production, and volume production concerns will be produced.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
ARMY 08-048      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Biologically Enabled Non-Homogeneous Distributed Processing through Evaluation of Resources
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for chip-scale, reconfigurable distributed processing on a fabric of network connections, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Biologically Enabled Non-homogeneous Distributed processing through Evaluation of Resources (BENDER) system. This system is based on a resource-centric load-balancing protocol; autonomous resource discovery routines; a self-managed, zero-processor overhead communication fabric of network connections; and concurrent programming extensions to process element instruction set architectures. This innovation offers new levels of computational performance in reconfigurable computing while eliminating communication overhead and minimizing power consumption. BENDER is a chip-scale technology that can be directly integrated into next-generation military mobile electronics devices such as the Joint Tactical Radio System, enabling lower power consumption, reduced chip count, and reduced form factor over currently available technologies. BENDER further provides reconfigurability, thereby breaking the single-use restrictions that hobble many current military electronics systems. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of BENDER by developing the load-balancing and resource-discovery routines and integrating these with a simulation of a chip-scale distributed processing network, and test it using off-the-shelf benchmarks. In Phase II, POC plans to refine the BENDER technology and design a multichip module implementation to meet Army rapid prototyping needs.

OMNITEK PARTNERS, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
ARMY 08-049      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Structurally Integrated Position and Orientation Sensor and Seeker Technologies
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of the development of novel polarized RF sensor geometries that are to be embedded into the structure of munitions for onboard measurement of full position and angular orientation of the projectile relative to a specified reference system. The sensors provide direct position and orientation measurements without requiring GPS or any other sensory system. The sensors are autonomous and do not acquire position and/or orientation sensory information through communication with a ground or airborne source. With this sensor, the full position and angular orientation of an object such as munitions during the flight can be measured relative to a fixed or a moving platform. In addition, since the angular orientation measurement is direct, the sensor does not accumulate measurement error. The sensors are relatively low cost and are integrated into the structure of munitions and would thereby occupy minimal volume and are readily hardened to withstand high firing accelerations, shock and vibration and the harsh firing environment. The sensors consume relatively low power and do not require time to settle following gun firing.

QUESTEK INNOVATIONS LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 328-5800
Jason T. Sebastian
ARMY 08-050      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Design and Development of a New Titanium Alloy with Improved Near-Net-Shape Formability
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, QuesTek proposes to apply its Materials by Design® technology to the design and development of a new castable titanium alloy. Microstructural concepts for the alloy design will focus on improved castability (near-net- shape formability), improved mechanical strength (including fatigue strength), and lower cost relative to the existing aerospace-grade Ti-6Al-4V alloy. QuesTek intends to complete the design and demonstrate the alloy at prototype casting scale. Using cast Ti- 6Al-4V as a baseline (one of the so-called “α/β” titanium alloys), the aim is to demonstrate the feasibility of creating a castable alloy, exploring design space that incorporates lower cost alloying components (e.g., Si or Fe instead of V). In addition, the sensitivity of the alloy’s design to the elevated impurity levels encountered in non- aerospace-grade stock materials will also be examined.

TRANSITION45 TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1963 North Main Street
Orange, CA 92865
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 283-2118
Edward Chen
ARMY 08-050      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:High Strength Alpha-Beta Worked Titanium Casting Technology
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I effort proposes to exploit the tremendous benefits offered by titanium alloys and castings through the evaluation and development of a high strength, lightweight alpha-beta worked Ti casting technology. Such a casting alloy can be applied to fabricate lightweight structures for U.S. Army weapon systems in order to reduce cost and/or weight versus current alloys and/or fabrication routes. The purpose of applying a higher strength-low weight Ti alloy versus Ti-6-4 is to allow direct conversion of these forged components to Ti castings without sacrificing strength or increasing weight. The potential performance and cost benefits of such a technical development have already been confirmed for aerospace applications, but still need to be developed as a lower-cost grade and demonstrated for Army applications such as lightweight howitzers.

NOVA R&D, INC.
1525 Third Street, Suite C
Riverside, CA 92507
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 781-7332
Martin Clajus
ARMY 08-051      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:High Resolution Multispectral X-ray Imaging
Abstract:Most dig ital radiography equipment currently in the market target applications that use 10 to 120 keV x-rays consistent with the needs of medical imaging. Advanced digital methods have yet to be developed for the higher x-ray energies required to examine metal engineering objects. There is, in particular, a demand for innovative radiographic solutions for the crucial task of inspecting a wide variety of Army munitions. In response to the present solicitation topic, we propose to develop a modular, fully abuttable CZT detector array with spatial resolution of at least 0.25 mm. Additional requirements include spectral sensitivity with at least five selectable energy thresholds and the ability to work at the high X-ray energies and flux rates encountered in industrial radiography. Specifically, the solicitation calls for an energy resolution of 7% at 120 keV, 3 mm detector thickness for sufficient detection at 400 keV, and a count rate capability of 6 million photons/second per square millimeter. We will study the feasibility of the proposed solution and create preliminary designs for the critical sensor and electronics components during Phase I. A prototype of the proposed detector array will be developed in Phase II and deployed/commercialized in Phase III.

RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Vivek Nagarkar
ARMY 08-051      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:A Novel High Resolution Photon Counting Detector for X-Ray Inspections
Abstract:Current state-of-the-art X-ray imaging detectors use energy integration, where the simple integration of X-ray events during the exposure period forms images. Unfortunately, such indiscriminate operation is sub-optimal for digital radiography or CT imaging because of its inability to reject scatter, thus reducing contrast in reconstructed images, and the detectors¡¦ limited resolution, which results in image blurring. These deleterious effects are particularly problematic for high-energy X-ray inspection systems for munitions, where important small-scale defects on the order of 100 ƒÝm are easily obscured due to the prevalent scattering. However, a new generation of X-ray detectors is expected to have photon counting and energy recording ability, even when incident flux is very high. The use of such detectors will improve resolution and contrast in images, while significantly enhancing their signal-to-noise ratio. Unfortunately, X-ray detectors capable of handling high-count rates typically present in imaging scenarios do not currently exist. The proposed project addresses this need by developing a versatile detector module based on a semiconductor X-ray sensor coupled to novel digital pixel sensor readout. For the X-ray energies typically used in inspection systems, this detector would provide high efficiency, high resolution, and photon counting capability with at least five levels of energy discrimination.

LASERLITH CORP.
1440 Broadway, Suite 713
Oakland, CA 94612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 286-0154
Gina Kim
ARMY 08-052      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Development of Nanothermite-Based Microthrusters
Abstract:Low Cost Course Correction Technology (LCCCT) can improve the accuracy and dispersion of gun launched projectiles, mortars and rockets. Based on microthrusters that provide altitude control and pointing, LCCCT can compensate for system errors by trajectory in-flight. Laserlith Corporation, in collaboration with Dr. Jan Puszynski and his research group, will demonstrate a microthruster based on metastable intermolecular composites (MIC). MIC materials will improve performance in terms of energy release and ignition. This work will also be accompanied by more fundamental research of burning characteristics of nanomaterials in various environments.

INNOSENSE LLC
2531 West 237th Street Suite 127
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-2011
Uma Sampathkumaran
ARMY 08-053      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Thermal History of Ordnance - A Colorimetric Aid during Storage and Transit
Abstract:The Army’s goal is to develop a family of thermally responsive materials to record and visually indicate the environmental exposure history of ordnance and associated items while in storage and during transit. Temperature extremes can degrade their performance, render them ineffective or result in catastrophic events that impact mission success or soldier safety. InnoSense LLC (ISL) will demonstrate a range of materials integrated on application-specific platforms. The devices will offer functional benefits that include: (1) reduced procurement cost, (2) long-term operational life and reliable performance at temperature extremes of Army relevance, (3) materials that visibly indicate current and past history of temperature events, (4) ease of application and adhesion to metallic or plastic surfaces, (5) cost-effectiveness, (6) UV light tolerance, and (7) application specific device footprint. Phase I investigation has been proposed to demonstrate the feasibility and identify candidate materials for down selection. Phase II and Phase III goals have been outlined to expedite transitioning this technology into DOD’s procurement system. ISL has received a strong endorsement letter from a DOD prime contractor to facilitate expedited product development.

K&M ENVIRONMENTAL, INC.
2557 Production Road
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 431-2260
Ed Locke
ARMY 08-053      Awarded: 11/2/2008
Title:Thermal Sensing and Responsive Materials for Environmental Monitoring
Abstract:Many ordnance materials such as Hexogen (RDX) and Octogen (HMX) are stabilized by additives such as trinitrotoluene (TNT), wax, plasticizers, and polymers (as in plastic bonded explosives, PBX) to offer greater chemical stability, lowered shock sensitivity, and greater thermal stability to the compositions. However, exposure of these improved compositions to environmental conditions outside of the design range can degrade these additives leading to unstable, precarious explosive materials. Currently, it is difficult if not impossible to track the thermal history (or temperature dose) of ordnance materials; critical information needed to avoid these deadly accidents. In this proof-of-concept effort, we propose a viable solution to this issue through the development of a pliable, no- power technology capable of visibly indicating in real-time the current temperature range of a device or an environment, the temperature dose (or temperature history) that device or environment has experienced, and whether or not critical threshold temperatures have been exceeded.

NANO TERRA, INC.
790 Memorial Drive Suite 202
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Joe McLellan
ARMY 08-053      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Thermal Sensing and Responsive Materials for Environmental Monitoring
Abstract:In this proposal, Nano Terra outlines an innovative approach to develop a flexible integrated time-temperature sensor that is easy to apply to a variety of materials and is easily read by the naked eye. Furthermore, our device will be based off of technology that will allow us to rapidly produce a variety of products tailored to the needs of the client in respect to temperature and time ranges. The device is composed of micro-fluidic channels loaded with colored indicator materials that melt when the temperature threshold is exceeded. When these materials undergo a phase transition and melt, they run into the fluidic channels. The length of migration into the channels will be related to the time above the temperature threshold. By the end of Phase I, we propose to develop several prototype devices that can record the time a range of temperatures has been exceeded. In Phase II of this effort, Nano Terra will develop a scalable manufacturing process for these devices and in Phase III will transition the technology to a well-established partner in military logistics

KENT OPTRONICS, INC.
40 Corporate Park Drive
Hopewell Junction, NY 12533
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Le Li
ARMY 08-054      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Spectrally and Spatially Foveated Multi/Hyperspectral Camera
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal introduces a spectrally and spatially foveated sensor (SSFES) in the visible to near infrared (VNIR) for Multi/Hyperspectral measurement. The sensor leverages on Kent Optronics pixilated variable bandwidth tunable filter (P-VBTuF) and NOVA Sensors’ variable acuity superpixel imager (VASI) FPA, where the former is for spectral foveation while the later for spatial foveation. SSFS has the highest spatial and spectral resolutions near the “center of attention” (COA), with a radially-symmetric spatial and spectral resolution diminishing radially out from the COA. The sensor permits the user to define the spatial distribution (size and location) and spectral distribution (center wavelength and bandwidth), and to change the distributions at the frame rate during the image capture process. The SSFS exhibits at least two orders of magnitude higher frame rates. Or, for a constant frame rate, a transmission bandwidth is reduced for more accurate target tracking and recognition In Phase I, two sensor designs will be evaluated for sensor FOV, spatial and spectral resolutions, frame rate, data transmission rate, data volume, size, weight and power. The Phase I Option will start to develop a demo SSFS. Phase II and beyond develops and tests prototype SSFS followed by the product commercialization.

NEW SPAN OPTO-TECHNOLOGY, INC.
16115 SW 117th Ave. A-15
Miami, FL 33177
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(305) 235-6928
Jame J. Yang
ARMY 08-054      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Spatially and Spectrally Foveated Imaging Sensor
Abstract:Wide field-of-view imaging sensors with high spatial and spectral resolution ability have extensive applications in military and commercial fields. Current methodology of employing FLIR or video imaging sensors to search and acquire potential targets is time consuming since the operator must continuously scan the area of interest in a wide view field and zoom in a local area to acquire the target details. The format size of existing imaging arrays cannot support high-resolution imaging and wide field-of-view simultaneously. Furthermore, spectral information is also significant for applications such as spectral discrimination in target identification, camouflage detection, and environmental monitoring. Several prototype hyperspectral systems have been produced, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. There is a demand to develop an electronically controlled spectral- and spatial-foveated multi/hyperspectral sensor that is dynamically programmable to achieve variable spectral/spatial resolution in user defined regions of the image. New Span Opto-Technology Inc. proposes herein a compact optical configuration that is capable of simultaneously providing panoramic monitoring and high spatial and spectral resolution in areas of interest without mechanical scanning to facilitate instant hyperspectral imaging for improved surveillance and identification capability. Phase I will establish the model and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed architecture.

RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Richard Myers
ARMY 08-055      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Compact Unit for Eye-Safe Standoff Explosive Detection
Abstract:The goal of this work is to develop a novel Raman scattering spectrometer for advance standoff detection of IEDs and suicide bomber threats. When using the proposed instrument, we will obtain rapid, chemical-specific analysis at standoff distances of up to 30 m. This instrument will have significantly increased detection sensitivity, measurement accuracy and analysis rates compared to more conventional spectroscopy methods. To achieve a compact and low cost instrument design, we will use a custom, high-gain APD array detector as the basis of the proposed analytical instrument. The collected spectral data will also be analyzed with sophisticated software tools to provide near-real time analysis of potential threats. The final instrument will rapidly image trace amounts of explosive chemicals and other explosive related compounds (ERC), allowing time for preemptive action. Existing development of UV Raman scattering for standoff detection of explosives will be leveraged to support this effort and increase the opportunity for success.

ZOMEGA TERAHERTZ CORP.
1223 Peoples Ave
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 833-0577
Jianming Dai
ARMY 08-055      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Compact Intense THz Unit for Eye-safe Standoff Explosive Detection
Abstract:We will develop a compact THz system with standoff spectroscopic detection capability, using an intense 1-μm Yb fiber laser with a tilted optical pulse wave-front to excite a nonlinear optical crystal (such as, LiNbO3) as the THz emitter, and a balanced electric- optic (EO) crystal incorporated with a quartz lens as the detector. The proposed unit will have THz average power greater than 1 mW and signal-to-noise ratio with real-time detection at 10 meters better than 1,000. Explosives and related compounds (ERCs) feature broad spectral signatures that are separable from narrow water absorption spectral lines using our proposed novel algorithm. Improvements in the emitter, detector and software will significantly improve the signal/noise ratio of the device by at least two orders with a bandwidth over 3.0 THz, and consequently, extend the standoff detection distance from ~10 m to over 30 m.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Brad Walls
ARMY 08-056      Awarded: 11/10/2008
Title:Bio-Inspired Battlefield Environmental Situation Awareness
Abstract:In recent years the number, capabilities, and types of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has grown dramatically, resulting in an increase in the variety and complexity of mission scenarios for these vehicles. The successful proliferation of UAV assets into missions, such as convoy protection, reconnaissance, surveillance, and targeting, has established an undeniable value that UAVs contribute to the war fighter in the combat arena. With micro-UAVs among the newest class of UAVs added for deployment at the squadron level the modern war fighter is presented with unprecedented situational awareness capabilities. However, with increased capability come increased demand for time and attention to fly and monitor micro-UAV assets. Areté will provide Force Multiplication of micro-UAV assets by developing an autonomous sensing and navigation system for micro-UAVs based on the innovative integration of contemporary bio-inspired technologies. Core design components will consist of a stereoscopic vision system, an insect-inspired visual processing architecture, an adaptable neural-inspired navigation system, and state of the art environmental sensors.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4807
James Paduano
ARMY 08-056      Awarded: 3/16/2009
Title:Adaptation of Biological Solutions to MAVs in Gusty Urban Environments
Abstract:Aurora Flight Sciences proposes a comprehensive set of sensing, estimation, and control techniques to enable urban flight in the face of gusts and other disturbances. Biological entities utilize a number of sensory mechanisms to insure stable flight with respect to their surroundings and reject disturbances. Some of these mechanisms are suitable for adaptation into engineering systems that are simple, lightweight, and provide information about the vehicles surroundings (situation awareness) that is complementary to the baseline sensors available on MAVs (gyros, accelerometers, etc.) Aurora’s R&D Center has already performed extensive research into these solutions and, with support from Harvard’s Microrobotics Laboratory, will combine them into an architecture which is practical, lightweight, and effective at avoiding the many large and small obstacles encountered during aggressive urban flight, even in gusty situations.

MOSAIC ATM, INC.
801 Sycolin Road Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 405-8576
Stephen Pledgie
ARMY 08-056      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:Biologically-Enabled Awareness for Urban Terrain
Abstract:Biologically-inspired technology holds tremendous potential for endowing micro air vehicles with the wide field-of-regard (wFOR) sensing, situational awareness, and platform agility necessary for persistent flight in spatially complex urban terrain. Mosaic ATM proposes an insightful Phase I effort comprised of two synergistic lines of investigation: 1.) Robust urban navigation through biologically augmented sensing; 2.) Agile urban perception with biologically-inspired processing. Our approach is designed to provide an expedient means for transitioning truly useful biological technology to fixed and rotary wing UAVs. We are teamed with the Computational Sensory-Motor Systems Lab at The Johns Hopkins University and WINTEC, Inc, an advanced flight test and integration group with specific expertise in MAV development. The Mosaic team possesses the complete spectrum of expertise necessary to research, develop, and transition biologically inspired technology to U.S. Army UAVs.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Edward A. Rietman
ARMY 08-056      Awarded: 12/31/2008
Title:Biomimetic Control of Flying Robots
Abstract:Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) will likely become the ISR platform of choice for urban operations because they have the advantages of being able to effectively maneuver in difficult terrain, look under vertical obscuration, etc. – all with minimal risk to human safety. While MAVs have many advantages, they do have a significant drawback: the likely loss of the vehicle due to a collision with an obstacle. MAV developers and operator are addressing this issue by: developing sophisticated obstacle detection sensors, reducing the flight velocity in cluttered environments, and limiting the flight operating envelope – unfortunately these simultaneously increase costs and dramatically reduce utility. A far better approach is to take a clue from nature; design the vehicle so that it can collide with obstacles without suffering permanent damage or loss of control. In this program Physical Sciences Inc. and the Harvard Microrobotics Lab will take insect inspired collision recovery concepts and apply them to MAV designs. This will dramatically improve the vehicle’s capability, performance and robustness. In the near future MAVs will be able to operate in highly cluttered, low visibility, dynamic environments, and do so at high speed and without the concern for the loss of the vehicle due to collisions.

JRM ENTERPRISES, INC.
150 Riverside Parkway, Suite 209
Fredericksburg, VA 22406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 371-6590
Christopher Fink
ARMY 08-057      Awarded: 11/5/2008
Title:Urban Illumination for Soldier Simulations and Close-Combat Target Acquisition
Abstract:JRM Technologies proposes to develop a high-performance physics-based algorithm for TAWS prediction of urban scene EO/NIR light levels, as seen from arbitrary vantage points. The software implementation will apply radiosity techniques using area discretization of scene elements, but will simultaneously incorporate atmospheric effects such as transmission and scattering in the natural and man-made irradiance loading of surfaces. Furthermore, the solution will apply novel form-factor analysis techniques to exploit geometrical simplifications afforded by the building planar surfaces. The result will be a global illumination solution which can subsequently be sampled from arbitrary viewpoints with very little additional computation, affording fast, accurate background predictions for use in target acquisition. Options to the base effort include upgrading the atmospheric model to a highly-optimized Modtran-based transport calculation with more detailed atmospheric property control, upgrading the natural light source model to account for stellar irradiance and propagation through the user-defined atmosphere, improving the artificial source model to incorporate characteristic spectral emittance from known source types, and improving the surface albedo model to allow selection of material types from a library of pre-measured spectral DHR. Additional options will provide optimizations to the surface discretization and radiosity matrix solution algorithms using iterative techniques.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Robert Sundberg
ARMY 08-057      Awarded: 11/24/2008
Title:Fast Line-of-Sight Illumination Calculations for Urban Environments
Abstract:Model simulations have become increasingly valuable for assessing effectiveness and vulnerability in sensor system development and operations planning. A problem of current and critical interest is the performance of Gen III Night Vision Goggles in the urban environment. The Army’s current operational nighttime illumination model only treats lunar illumination in open terrain. Therefore, a quantitative engineering-level model is needed that captures the complexities of the urban environment, particularly in non-ideal (e.g., foggy) weather conditions, and is computationally fast, allowing for insertion into higher- level simulation software. To address this challenge, Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop a novel Fast Line-of-sight Illumination Calculation (FLIC) model for the visible through near infrared region. The FLIC approach involves pre-computation of key illumination and multiple scattering-related quantities, enabling real-time line-of-sight radiance integration for a specified observer-target pair. A forward-propagating Monte Carlo approach will provide efficient and accurate pre-computation of multiple scattering source functions. Phase I will feature development of the underlying radiative-transfer algorithms, feasibility demonstration for an example scenario, and validation. The end product of Phase I/II/III would be a FLIC algorithm integrated into the Army’s weapons system and mission evaluation software tools, TAWS and IWARS.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2471
Amy Alexander
ARMY 08-058      Awarded: 1/12/2009
Title:Situation Awareness Assessment Tools for Network Enabled Command and Control Field Evaluations
Abstract:Advanced Army command and control (C2) technologies will enable Soldiers and teams within and across echelons to “see first, understand first, act first, and finish decisively” in a dynamically changing battlefield. The ability of these systems to ensure tactical success is directly linked to the degree to which they support both the development and maintenance of situation awareness (SA). As these nascent C2 technologies are developed and fielded, it is imperative that they be assessed for their ability to support the development of individual, shared, and team SA. This is easier said than done, particularly during field evaluations. Current methods of measuring and assessing SA are subject to a number of limitations in terms of their sensitivity, validity, reliability, diagnosticity or utility within complex operational environments. A multi-faceted approach to SA measurement is needed to leverage strengths and compensate for inherent limitations of the various techniques for testing and evaluating advanced C2 technologies designed to improve Soldier SA. More specifically, the Army needs an SA assessment toolkit that: (1) contains sensitive and valid individual, shared, and team SA measures, (2) utilizes proven assessment technologies, and (3) guides SA measure selection by mission events, system characteristics, and measurement needs.

SA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 838-3748
Cheryl Bolstad
ARMY 08-058      Awarded: 11/24/2008
Title:Situation Awareness Assessment Tools for Network Enabled Command and Control Field Evaluations
Abstract:The specific objective of this Army SBIR Phase I program is to develop the Situation Awareness Measurement System (SAMS), aimed at effectively supporting Army Command and Control system evaluations by providing valid measurement of situation awareness (SA) at both the individual and team level as well as at all three levels of SA (perception, comprehension, and projection). The conceptual design of the SAMS will be based on direct, objective measures of SA. We will create an easy to use menu-based tool for real-time SA analysis of teams and individuals. This tool will provide direct objective measurement of the evaluation of a warfighter’s use of a system. Ultimately, SAMS will be robust enough to be used in a variety of joint missions with joint service personnel.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu Nguyen
ARMY 08-059      Awarded: 1/16/2009
Title:Cognitive Object Recognition System - It is all in the brain!
Abstract:Automated object recognition is an important and challenging problem. The technology is crucial for a number of Army applications including video surveillance, Automatic Target Recognition and Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. While feature-based or template matching-based classification algorithms are used in certain Army applications, it has been observed that their classification accuracy depends on the quality of the training dataset. Often the lack of a representative set of training images severely affects performance. Moreover, the algorithms generally perform poorly when the object is occluded. Each of these methods addresses certain aspects of recognition while ignoring others. Thus, there is a need for a psychologically inspired and comprehensive approach to object recognition. Research in Neuroscience has indicated that humans do not use one specific algorithm but simultaneously use a combination of multiple classification algorithms. Thus, we propose Cognitive Object Recognition System based on the latest psychological models that combines Geon-theory and Feature-based recognition methods. Decisions about object classes will be achieved by optimally fusing the decision from each.

ADAPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
2020 Kraft Drive Suite 3040
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-1284
Yu Du
ARMY 08-060      Awarded: 12/8/2008
Title:Hearing Protection Evaluation System
Abstract:The acoustic test fixture (ATF) type of hearing protection evaluation system (HPES) has been widely used in the past to evaluate hearing protection device (HPD) performances, in addition to the Real-Ear-Attenuation-at-Threshold method and the Microphone-In-Real- Ear method. Since the use of ATF devices does not rely on human subjects, they are more efficient, and in many cases indispensable, for testing HPDs in various application environments. However, one significant drawback of current ATF devices is that they lack agreement with human subject testing due primarily to the insufficiency of modeling the real human head regarding the hearing mechanism. The focus of this Phase I program is thus to develop novel approaches, based on finite element analysis, for building an advanced HPES that emulates realistic heads and allows for characterizing either circumaural or insert-type HPDs in both impulse and continuous noise environments across the dynamic range of human hearing. Means for imitating mechanical and acoustical characteristics of the human head and auditory system, as well as means for emulating bone conduction pathways, will be investigated in this program. A report describing the approach and demonstrating the feasibility and capabilities of an advanced HPES design will be provided at the conclusion of Phase I.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Debbie Reeves
ARMY 08-060      Awarded: 1/30/2009
Title:Computational Modeling Tools for Acoustic Test Fixture Manikin Design
Abstract:Hearing Protection Devices (HPDs) are critical to the audiological fitness and mission safety of military personnel. Thorough, reliable, and mission-appropriate evaluation of HPDs needs sophisticated objective methods. Some Acoustic Test Fixtures (ATFs) are available for HPD research but they have drawbacks. In this project we will develop a method of designing a new ATF manikin that is appropriate for the use in HPDs evaluations. Conventional method of designing ATF manikin relied on experimentation while the proposed method uses computational model as a design tool. This method uses Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to calculate the sound field around a manikin model, inside the ear canals and at the eardrums of the manikin. Bone conduction effects will be integrated in the model. This method will give predictions of the ATF manikin’s performance before it is constructed. This tool will determine the design paramaters required to construct the new ATF manikin. By using computational tools in the design, we reduce design time and materials’ cost. The outcome from phase II will be a complete ATF manikin system, i.e. head and torso with ear simulator system that emulates human auditory system as close as possible for the use of HPDs evaluation.

Li Creative Technologies
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0048
Joshua J. Hajicek
ARMY 08-060      Awarded: 1/30/2009
Title:Hearing Protection Evaluation System
Abstract:The purpose of this proposal is to present a novel and promising solution for a Hearing Protection Evaluation System (HPES) that accurately emulates the torso and human head and its interaction with directional and omni-directional auditory fields created by continuous and impulsive acoustic noise for levels up to 185 dB. The HPES will also accurately emulate the attenuation effects of earmuff and earplug Hearing protection devices (HPDs) in both continuous and impulsive noise environments across the full dynamic range of human hearing from the outer to middle ear. In addition the HPES will simulate occlusion and bone conduction effects as well as all significant parameters of the outer ear acoustics. Our HPES will also preserve inter-aural level differences, bilateral acoustic reflex, tissue conductions, ear canal morphology, and will accurately calculate attenuation data of for both ear muffs and ear plug types of HPDs. In addition the system will have replicable pinnas and be easily maintained.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Steve Patterson
ARMY 08-061      Awarded: 2/26/2009
Title:Cryogenically-cooled eyesafe laser diode arrays for resonant pumping of Er-doped gain media
Abstract:High-power solid state lasers operating beyond 1300-nm have been proposed as “eye- safer” sources in many applications. Erbium-doped solid state lasers provide an attractive gain medium due to emission at eyesafe wavelengths, and the potential for ultra-low quantum defect pumping by diode lasers operating around 1532-nm. It has been shown that cooling the solid state crystalline gain medium to cryogenic temperatures provides significant advantages in efficiency and power scaling. To date, these lasers are typically pumped by diode laser modules operating at or near room-temperature. It is well-established that cryogenic cooling of diode lasers can greatly improve efficiency and power. However, to fully realize these benefits, the diodes must be specially designed for operation at cryogenic temperatures. In this work, we propose diode laser arrays operating at ~1532-nm which are specifically designed and optimized for operation at 77K. Under the proposed program, nLight will design, grow, fabricate, test, and deliver to the Army Research Laboratory a series of conductively-cooled 1532-nm 100W, 65% efficient 1-cm diode laser bars for evaluation in cryogenic solid state laser pumping experiments. As an option to the program, nLight will also assemble test and deliver to the Army Research Laboratory a fiber-coupled conduction-cooled 100W, 60% efficient pump module.

PRINCETON LIGHTWAVE, INC.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2547
Igor Kudryashov
ARMY 08-061      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Eyesafe laser diode arrays for resonant pumping of Er-doped gain media optimized for cryogenically cooled operation
Abstract:Growing interest to high power lasers in the eye-safe spectral domain has initiated a wave of activity in developing solid-state lasers based on Er3+-doped materials. Impressive results have been demonstrated in resonantly pumped Er:YAG based lasers. Cryogenic cooling of the laser crystal has improved the laser performance. In these experiments the pump lasers are InGaAsP/InP based 1530 nm laser diode arrays operating at room temperature. Operation of the pump laser diodes at cryogenic temperatures will provide significant benefits for the complete system. This includes increased pump power, improved laser efficiency and a compact optical system. The design of the pump laser for cryogenic operation requires modification of the existing structure. The modifications will be based on both the analytical models as well as data measured on current devices. The design optimization will focus on improving output power and wall plug efficiency for operation at cryogenic operation. The goal of the program is to deliver a laser diode array with output power of 50W and a wall plug efficiency of >60%.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
ARMY 08-062      Awarded: 11/7/2008
Title:Fully Flexible Information Technology Assistant
Abstract:To address the Army need for fully flexible display electronics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Fully Flexible Information Technology Assistant (FLEXITA). This proposed flexible display system is based on chip-on-flex (COF) and embedded passives fabrication techniques, efficient power management that leverages bi-stable displays, synchronous/asynchronous display driving for video or random updates, and power-saving wireless protocols. The innovation in FLEXITA will enable the system to conform to the bending radii of fully flexible displays while maintaining low-power consumption, both wired and wireless communication, and color video capability. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of FLEXITA by designing, fabricating, and testing a flexible processing circuit using COF technology. FLEXITA meets the needs of the Army by offering low power (<10 mW in standby mode and <250 microwatts in sleep mode), lightweight (~40 g with PCB and batteries), 12-24-bit color, and up to 2048x2048 RGBW color images. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a mature prototype that will both drive and conform to a fully flexible display. This technology has a large military market and a potentially large commercial market for handheld PDAs, GPSs, and other smart electronics devices.

TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC.
10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 691-7760
Michael Viazanko
ARMY 08-062      Awarded: 12/1/2008
Title:Fully Flexible Information Electronics with a Flexible Display
Abstract:The Army’s investment in flexible displays has resulted in several promising technologies which can be incorporated into novel applications that are far more practical for military use than those with conventional rigid glass-based liquid crystal display (LCD) technologies. An application such as a Fully-Flexible Information Assistant (FFIA) using these new flexible displays is essential for providing battlefield information from an all- source, network-centric environment to the individual soldier in a practical, ultra-rugged manner never quite possible before. The proposed FFIA design will require a novel flexible electronics solution consisting of a flexible circuit assembly with functionality that includes: human interfacing, wireless & wireless communication, Global Positioning System (GPS), power management, and a processor-memory combination with computational strength to execute current and future Army applications. To meet the aggregate mechanical flexibility of the total system, flexible and/or rigid-flexible printed circuit boards (PCBs) would be selected and fabricated to maximize reliability of the system. Following this SBIR, two distinct “first flexible applications” become apparent: (a.) A fully integrated FFIA in single package and (b.) a FFIA where the flexible display module is separate from the flexible processing electronics.

QUANTUMSPHERE, INC.
2905 Tech Center Drive
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 545-6266
Subra Iyer
ARMY 08-063      Awarded: 12/22/2008
Title:Unitized Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR proposal will investigate the synthesis and electrochemistry of bifunctional anodes, high-temperature electrolyte membranes (300oC) and low-cost cathode catalysts for a Unitized Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell (URFMC). The research and development effort will consist of developing a double-layer anode material, capable of both methanol reformation and hydrogen oxidation to protons. Concurrent research will investigate development of a high-temperature high conductivity composite, capable of protonic conduction at 250-350oC. The final deliverable of this Phase I effort will be a 20W methanol reforming fuel cell, scalable to 200W in a follow-on Phase II effort. Successful development of an URFMC, operating at 300oC, will enable filling in the gaps between current portable power technologies and the soldier power needed for the Future Force Warrior (FFW).

Superprotonic, Inc.
530 South Lake Avenue #312
Pasadena, CA 91101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 793-9314
Calum Chisholm
ARMY 08-063      Awarded: 1/30/2009
Title:Bi-functional anode and High Temperature Electrolyte Membrane for Reforming Methanol Fuel Cell (RMFC).
Abstract:The application of solid acid fuel cells (SAFC) as reforming methanol fuel cells (RMFCs) is extremely attractive due to the nearly ideal temperature match between fuel cell electrolyte (for CsH2PO4, operational temperatures are 235-275ºC) and typical methanol steam reforming catalysts (MSRCs; reforming temperatures typically range from 250- 350ºC). This temperature match, in addition to the high CO tolerance of SAFCs, allows for methanol steam reforming internal to the stack to create a solid acid based RMFC. This project will establish the feasibility of incorporating a methanol steam reforming catalyst (MRSC) material into the anode of Superprotonic’s current MEA/stack design to create a bi-functional anode SAFC.

AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 663-9500
Stephen H. Jones
ARMY 08-064      Awarded: 12/12/2008
Title:Utilizing Optical Defocusing and Computational Imaging for Laser Intensity Reduction at CCD Focal Planes
Abstract:Devising a means to reduce the fluence at the image sensor by a factor of 100 would eliminate the threat from all but the largest, cumbersome sources. We propose that the needed fluence reduction can be achieved by operating the existing imager at a strongly defocused setting, and applying hardware-accelerated existing state-of-the-art image deblurring algorithms to its data stream. Several existing deblurring algorithms are capable of very good inverse filtering performance with a 19x19 blur kernel which corresponds to an approximate fluence attenuation of 360 . The system concept is to interface the unmodified image sensor with a signal processor to implement the deblurring algorithm at the video rate. Aerodyne Research Inc (ARI), and our partner, the University of Notre Dame (UND) spin-off Emu Solutions offer innovative and patented techniques for FPGA hardware acceleration of "non-streamable" algorithms that typify inversion problems in computational imaging. Our Phase II goal is a full-up system implementation, coupling a representative optical imager to a real-time video-rate FPGA implementation of the computational deblurring. Our Phase I efforts will establish the feasibility of our approach, employing computational emulations, laboratory optical confirmation, and preliminary fixed-point arithmetic assessment.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Lei Zhang
ARMY 08-064      Awarded: 11/24/2008
Title: UTILIZING COMPUTATIONAL IMAGING FOR LASER INTENSITY REDUCTION AT CCD FOCAL PLANES
Abstract:In this program, Agiltron Incorporated and Wake Forest University jointly propose to develop an innovative optical limiter using a computational imaging system using pupil- phase engineering, which is a nonlinear optimization approach that seeks to determine the best pupil phase distribution that achieves a balance among various competing requirements of high energy spread, high SNR, insensitivity to wavelength, restorability. This method will give us the best chance to achieve laser intensity attenuation while maintaining the restored image quality. We will experimentally demonstrate nanosecond laser pulse protection to CCD camera with cubic phase masks we have. These results will be used to help developing a better restoration technique for cubic phase masks. Two other phase modulation schemes called Piece-Wise Linear Phase Element and Pseudo Random Phase Perturbation will also be tested. A final report will be delivered to the Army to recommend the best technique(s) for laser protection.

APPLIED SCIENCE INNOVATIONS, INC.
185 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 833-6897
Mikhail Gutin
ARMY 08-064      Awarded: 11/25/2008
Title:Computational Imaging for Laser Intensity Reduction at CCD Focal Planes
Abstract:Applied Science Innovations, Inc. proposes development of the Coded-Aperture, Laser Irradiation Tolerant Imaging Sensor (CALITIS) – a novel, computational imaging technique to protect CCD sensors from damage by frequency-agile pulsed lasers. In a conventional camera, collimated laser beam converges into a small point damaging the CCD. The proposed CALITIS will use new computational imaging, with appropriate optical-wavefront modulator and processing routines and hardware. The system performance will exceed standard optical while reducing incident fluence on CCD by seven to eight orders of magnitude, across the operating spectrum of the CCD and beyond. Processing at CCD frame rates will be provided. The patent-pending CALITIS technology features extremely light weight and simplicity, relaxed alignment tolerances, low cost, resistance to shock and vibration, and an extremely broad temperature range. Additional benefits include virtually infinite depth of field and tolerance to point and line defects in the detector array. Phase I will establish feasibility of the CALITIS concept. In Phase II, a functional preproduction CALITIS prototype will be developed and delivered to the Army for evaluation and use. In Phase III, CALITIS design will be productized, to enhance overall force protection, into optical sensors used in military operations and homeland security.

ALTEX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8306
Kennth Lux
ARMY 08-065      Awarded: 12/11/2008
Title:Person-Portable Oxidative-Desulfurization System (PPODS)
Abstract:The proposed Person-Portable Oxidative-Desulfurization System (PPODS) will enable the use of small solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) to produce 2 kW of electrical power from JP-8 by reducing the sulfur concentration in JP-8 fed to the SOFC fuel processor to less than 10 ppmw. The PPODS utilizes an innovative oxidative desulfurization technique to reduce sulfur levels in the fuel to those compatible with SOFCs. This will enable the Army to take advantage of the ability of SOFCs to operate on a hydrogen reformate with significant amounts of CO present. This greatly simplifies the fuel reformer leading to a more compact and lightweight power system.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Gokhan Alptekin
ARMY 08-065      Awarded: 10/27/2008
Title:Mesoporous Sorbents for Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells and the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) require a clean, essentially sulfur-free feed stream to prevent the poisoning of the fuel cell anode catalyst. Unfortunately, battlefield fuels (i.e., JP-8) contain high levels of refractory sulfur species (up to 3,000 ppmw), which need to be removed by advanced fuel processing technologies. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a novel oxidative desulfurization system, an integral part of a compact and efficient fuel processor, to produce a clean feed from high sulfur logistic fuels. In Phase I, we will develop a highly reactive, durable catalyst and a high capacity, regenerable adsorbent to reduce the sulfur content of the fuel to sub ppm levels tolerable by the fuel cells. We will show the long-term durability and regeneration capability of these new materials under representative conditions. Based on experimental data, we will also carry out preliminary design of a desulfurization system integrated to a fuel processor that can deliver the sulfur-free feed required to operate a 2 kWe fuel cell power generator.

APPLIED EM, INC.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2034
C.J.Reddy
ARMY 08-067      Awarded: 11/24/2008
Title:Metamaterial Antennas for Army Platforms
Abstract:This effort addresses the integration of antenna apertures for conformal installation. A goal is to provide a common or multiband conformal aperture covering the complete communication band (e.g. JTRS 20MHz-2GHz). To address the challenges of conformality, wide bandwidth and miniaturization, we propose a new class of metamaterial antennas already demonstrated to deliver optimal gain x bandwidth performance. Several techniques, including magnetic material loadings, meandering, reactive/LC loading for wave slow down and impedance matching are proposed in combined fashion to realize a novel class of metamaterial-based antennas. A most important concept brought forward is the realization of anisotropy via the simple means of controlled printed line coupling on otherwise uniform substrates. The several more parameters, enabled by anisotropy, provide added degrees of freedom to realize optimal radiators. Under this effort, a novel class of multiband and wideband conformal antennas is proposed incorporating miniaturization techniques whose elements are 0.05 of a wavelength at the lowest operation frequency. Available prototypes have already provided validation of the proposed miniaturization and wide bandwidth concepts. Under this effort, these concepts will be integrated to realize wideband miniature elements covering the JTRS band using minimal real estate and addressing challenges associated with armored vehicles.

EMAG TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem F. Sabet
ARMY 08-067      Awarded: 11/26/2008
Title:Metamaterial Antennas for Army Platforms
Abstract:In this SBIR project, we propose to investigate the application of three types of metamaterial that have been recently developed at the University of Michigan to antenna miniaturization on military vehicular platforms. These include embedded circuit electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) metamaterial, reactive impedance surface (RIS) substrates and magneto-dielectric metamaterials. The Phase I feasibility study will involve design, characterization and development of equivalent circuit models of these metamaterials for the HF-VHF-UHF bands using both computer simulation and experiment. A limited number of miniaturized planar antennas on such substrates will be fabricated and tested. The effects of the platform on the performance of the antenna will be investigated.

ELTRON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
Sara L. Rolfe
ARMY 08-068      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Advanced Nanostructured Powders for Cold Spray Applications
Abstract:In this project, Eltron will develop a method for spray drying agglomerates of nanoparticles for use in the cold spray process. These agglomerates will allow the nanoparticles to be cold sprayed, resulting in coatings and structures with superior strength and hardness. Nanosized particles will be dispersed in a solvent with a metallic binder precursor and spray dried under controlled atmosphere to form spheroid particles. In the spray dryer, slurry droplets are expelled from the atomizer and the liquid surface tension creates perfect spheres. As the droplets fall through the spray dryer, the heated gas will simultaneously cause the liquid to evaporate and convert the binder precursor. As the liquid is removed, the nanoparticles are brought into contact, forming agglomerates while maintaining their spherical shape. When exposed to the spray dryer conditions, the binder precursor will form small crystals, coating the nanoparticles to form connections between the nanoparticles and fill the gaps between nanoparticles. New methods for forming platelets and needles will be developed by controlling spray drier settings and using an impact barrier. In addition, this technology will be directly transferable to agglomerating ceramic (WC, ZrO2, or VN) nanoparticles with a binder for wear-resistant cold spray commercial applications.

ZATORSKI COATING CO., INC.
77 Wopowog Road
East Hampton, CT 06424
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 267-9889
Ray Zatorski
ARMY 08-068      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Printing Nanostructured Powders (PNP) Process
Abstract:The printing of nano-structured particles (PNP) process produces powder particles with a nano-structure by using high-speed printing techniques combined with classical powder metallurgy processes. The particles produced are the feedstock for high kinetic energy coating processes in the range of 5 to greater than 100 micrometers. Commercially obtained cylindrical printing rolls have cavities originally designed to hold ink for commercial printing. These cavities are available in size ranges from less than 10 micrometers to over 100 micrometers. A thin sheet of nano-sized powder is spread on a solid surface and the printing roll is rolled over the sheet. The nano-sized powder is compressed into the cavities and forms a compacted particle the size of the cavity. The compacted particles are then used in this state or are sintered at a temperature to add strength to the particle while maintaining the nano-structure within the particle.

GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter D. Zavitsanos
ARMY 08-069      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Scalable & Adaptive Munitions Technologies
Abstract:The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. There exists a need for scalable and adaptable warheads that provide user-selectable energy output, as well as selectable modes of operation, such as fragmentation, penetration and blast. General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) will demonstrate the feasibility of applying reactive materials and innovative configurations of those materials to provide the US Army with Scalable & Adaptive Munitions capabilities, specifically materials that possess high density and high strengths, beyond current reactive materials. GSI will provide the Army with reactive materials information, mechanical property data and mechanical behavior response to support the Scalable & Adaptive Munitions program.

SEACOAST SCIENCE, INC.
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 268-0083
Stephen T. Hobson
ARMY 08-071      Awarded: 11/19/2008
Title:Carbosilane Organocatalysts for CWA Neutralization
Abstract:Seacoast Science (SCS) proposes to synthesize and characterize carbosilanes as organocatalysts for the neutralization of CWAs. After selection of starting materials to cover available chemical space and optimization of reaction conditions, these carbosilane organocatalyst will be synthesized in a focused library format from commercially available starting materials. Following limited purification, the organocatalysts will be rapidly screened using gas chromatography, and the optimal Phase I materials selected. These Phase I materials will be further purified and the reaction mechanism and kinetics will be explored in the Phase I Option.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-5392
Aaron Skaggs
ARMY 08-071      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:Hydrolysis of Chemical Warfare Agents Using an Organocatalyst
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I project we propose to develop small molecule organocatalysts to detoxify chemical warfare (CW) agents under ambient conditions. The organocatalyst could be incorporated into the topcoat of vehicles, where it would be already present and immediately go to work if the surface became contaminated. A self-decontaminating material can avoid use of a conventional decon solution, improving logistics and aiding in maintaining operational tempo. It could also be used in fabrics for tents or protective clothing, or to improve the performance of sorbents. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has recently demonstrated materials that detoxify HD through catalytic aerobic oxidation at ambient temperature. We propose to extend that success by developing organocatalysts that hydrolyze the phosphonate nerve agents: VX and the G-agents. Organocatalysts have recently demonstrated practical activity in a number of applications. They are economical, environmentally benign, and their structure can be readily modified to improve activity. Our organocatalyst is comprised of three important elements to bind and orient the target agent, and then promote the desired selective cleavage of the P–S bond. With internal funding, TDA prepared some simple analogs of the organocatalyst structures we propose, and demonstrated a material that promotes P–S bond cleavage in the VX surrogate Malathion at ambient temperature.

SUPERPROTONIC, INC.
530 South Lake Avenue #312
Pasadena, CA 91101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 793-9314
Dane Boysen
ARMY 08-072      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:A 250-W Solid Acid Electrolyte Fuel Cell Generator
Abstract:The project describes an optimal design for directly integrating a fuel reformer with the state of the art in solid acid fuel cells (SAFCs) and other required balance-of-plant components required to produce a 250 Wnet person-portable, rugged, and efficient power supply utilizing low sulfur diesel fuel with a path leading to JP-8 fuel. The design capitilizes on SAFC operating temperature and high CO and H2S tolerance to simplify fuel processing and reforming and improve thermal integration.

ELTRON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
Wayne E. Buschmann
ARMY 08-073      Awarded: 11/13/2008
Title:Anion Exchange Membrane-Modified Electrodes for Alkaline Fuel Cells
Abstract:The direct methanol alkaline fuel cell (DMAFC) is under development as an alternative power source for lightweight, portable applications. Several advantages of the alkaline fuel cell make it superior to direct methanol PEM fuel cells. Namely, the improved electrokinetics of fuel oxidation in alkaline environments make it possible to use a variety of fuels and inexpensive, non-noble catalysts while minimizing fuel crossover and cathode flooding issues often encountered with PEM fuel cells. These inherent advantages of alkaline fuel cells are somewhat offset by issues with electrode/electrolyte poisoning by precipitated carbonates in alkaline solutions. Using solid polymer electrolytes can mitigate this problem, but commercial anion exchange membranes generally exhibit decreased conductivity and stability compared to their PEM counterparts and the lack of a commercially available soluble ionomer for electrode construction results in electrode/electrolyte interfaces with increased ionic resistivities leading to power loss. The proposed DMAFC will improve the membrane/electrode interface using a novel electropolymerization step and increase the conductivity by in situ quaternization/crosslinking of an anion conducting polymer directly to the electrolytically modified electrode. These improvements, coupled with judicious selection of electrocatalysts, will lead to the construction of a 5 W cell stack with excellent power density and power-to-weight ratio.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Christopher Rhodes
ARMY 08-073      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:Advanced Hydroxyl Ion-Conducting Membranes and Ionomers for Alkaline Fuel Cells
Abstract:Alkaline fuel cell (AFC)-based power systems offer advantages over proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Superior electrochemical reaction thermodynamics for both oxygen reduction and fuel oxidation under alkaline environments make alkaline fuel cell technology a better candidate for sensors, portable and dismounted soldier applications. In addition, AFCs can utilize low-cost, non-precious metal catalysts rather than expensive Pt catalysts used for PEMFCs. Despite their advantages, current AFCs require liquid electrolytes which result in safety and CO2 poisoning concerns that have limited their use. The Phase I project will produce solid polymeric hydroxyl ion-conducting membranes and ionomers based on grafting electrochemically stable, anion receptors on the backbone of alkaline stable polymers. The chemical, thermal, and electrochemical characterization of both hydroxyl ion-conducting solid membranes and alkaline ionomers will be investigated during the Phase I period. The ionomers will improve power densities by reducing ionic resistance within the electrode and membrane interface. The membranes will be tested both in single cells and 5W AFC stack with ammonia borane and sodium borohydride. The development of AFCs using solid hydroxyl ion conductors will allow operation without liquid electrolytes and open up new avenues for variety of fuels such as ammonia borane, sodium borohydride, and hydrogen.

ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS, INC.
406 Live Oaks Blvd
Casselberry, FL 32707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Bruce Mortimer
ARMY 08-074      Awarded: 11/19/2008
Title:Development of a Fieldable Brain Trauma Analyzer System
Abstract:Studies have estimated that as many as 22% of soldiers serving on the frontline may be at risk of mTBI from blows to the head or shockwaves caused by explosions. mTBI or concussion is also often associated with sports injuries and civilian trauma, with an estimated 5.3 million Americans living with disabilities that resulted from TBIs, according to the CDC. An immediate and definite need exists for a low cost, portable, real-time diagnostic device for the quantitative assessment of cortical function, and diagnosis of mTBI. This proposal has as its aim the development and demonstration of such a device, and related testing protocol. mTBI is hypothesized to involve derangement or damage to the underlying cortical network in such a way as to limit the functional connectivity within and between cortical columns. We will develop and investigate an approach that tests the intactness of the somatosensory system as a measure of the intactness of the neural connectivity. The system will utilize a simple wearable tactile device and a protocol that is based on response to complex tactile stimuli.

ALPHASENSE, INC.
28 Hillstream Road
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 294-0116
Pengcheng Lv
ARMY 08-075      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:A Cavity Enhanced Terahertz Absorption Spectrometer (CETAS)
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. (AI) and the Oklahoma State University (OKState) detail the development of a novel Cavity Enhanced Terahertz Absorption Spectrometer (CETAS). Key innovations of the proposed system include: a) the use of a small Whispering- Gallery- Mode (WGM) cavity to achieve very long pathlength; and b) the integration of the WGM cavity with the conventional pulsed and continuous wave (cw) THz systems. Consequently, the proposed system will have the following merits: a)Ultra high sensitivity and selectivity, b)Compact, light weight, and relatively low cost, and c)flexible for chemical analysis in different forms.

INTELLIGENT OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6319
Glenn Bastiaans
ARMY 08-075      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Intracavity Enhanced Explosive Detection via THz Emission
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop an important element to defend against terror and asymmetric warfare. There is a great need to detect very low concentrations of explosive vapors and other hazardous gases using only a small portable instrument that can be used to monitor, examine, or screen objects and people for the presence of a threat. It is known that Intracavity Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (ICLAS) offers the potential to detect and identify very low concentrations of gases, and that terahertz (THz) spectroscopy is very effective in identifying explosives. However, ICLAS, in its present form, cannot be used as a field device, and cannot be used with THz light. IOS will develop a highly innovative instrument that will use THz spectroscopy to identify explosive vapors, and will use a variation of intracavity spectroscopy to detect very low concentrations of explosives and other gases. This innovative instrument will be developed into a field portable device suitable for many applications to defend against improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and other threats.

ZYBERWEAR, INC.
2114 New Victor Road
Ocoee, FL 34761
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 295-5955
Oliver Edwards
ARMY 08-075      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Terahertz Intracavity Spectrometer
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop a hand-held sensing and alarm system for ultra- trace concentrations of chemical gases, biological aerosols, and explosive vapors. Unprecedented sensitivity will be achieved by differential intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy (ICLAS) which provides up to kilometer effective optical path lengths in a device with centimeter dimensions. Innovations include the use of semiconductor quantum cascade lasers (QCL) that operate in the terahertz region of the electromagnetic spectrum, a region rich in molecular signatures but under-utilized for spectral sensing. The Phase I work plan will experimentally demonstrate ICLAS using THz QCLs for the first time. This demonstration will utilize the relevant low-vapor pressure explosive TNT. In addition, sensitivity limits will be determined for a range of other customer-identified compounds. The Phase I option will produce a detailed design for field-deployable prototype threat sensor to be prototyped in Phase II. A feature of the effort is that feasibility will be supported by original terahertz spectroscopic measurements on threat vapors, many for the first time.

BOSTON APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6F Gill Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-2800
Kewen Kevin Li
ARMY 08-076      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:Nano-composite Semiconductor Lasers
Abstract:Polycrystalline ceramics as laser gain hosts have several remarkable advantages over single crystal ones. For example, they can house a higher doping concentration, are much easier to be fabricated into larger and more complex shapes, which is extremely difficult in the crystal case. The costs of the ceramic laser materials could be much lower than those of single crystals because of the shortened fabrication process and large size, mass production. Boston Applied Technologies Incorporated (BATi) proposes to develop highly desired high power semiconductor nano-composite laser via a safe, low-cost and reliable chemical solution nano-powder preparation route and hot-press densification process with our extensive experience and unique fabrication techniques. The modified solvothermal route will enable the synthesis of nano-composite powders with uniform sizes and low impurities, which are crucial for realizing a transparent ceramic semiconductor laser gain medium.

PHOTONICS INNOVATIONS, INC.
1500 1st Avenue North, Suite L108
Birmingham, AL 35203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(205) 934-3147
Gary Grimes
ARMY 08-076      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Nano-composite Semiconductor Lasers
Abstract:During Phase I, en-route to the development of eye-safe solid state ceramic lasers with enhanced thermal management capabilities, Photonics Innovations, Inc in collaboration with the University of Alabama at Birmingham will fabricate and characterize nano-scale powders of a wide bandgap semiconductors Er3+:GaN and Cr2+:ZnS. Micro-nano-scale powder doping with rare-earth Er or Cr ions will be performed either in situ during the powder synthesis process, via post-synthesis thermo-diffusion of dopants into the powder, or by laser ablation of doped crystals. Micro-nano-scale powders will be further reduced into nano-scale by means of mechanical grinding and laser ablation in liquid and gaseous environments. XRD, TEM, and near-field fluorescence imaging characterization will be performed to verify sub- micron size of the powders, uniform particle distribution, and low concentration of unwanted impurity. It will be followed by photo-luminescence (PL), PL kinetic spectroscopy, and gain-switched random lasing experiments overall demonstrating efficient near and mid-IR PL of developed powders. Technical pathways leading to further consolidation of the powders into transparent laser grade ceramic will be also formulated.

NITEK, INC.
1804 Salem Church Road
Irmo, SC 29063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 777-0710
Vinod Adivarahan
ARMY 08-077      Awarded: 12/5/2008
Title:Large Area, High Power, Vertically Conducting Deep UV LEDs
Abstract:Nitek Inc. proposes to develop deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes having high quantum efficiency, long device lifetime, and large emission area to make usable for force protection objectives of bio-agent threat detection and maneuver sustainment objectives of potable water. The advancements in deep UV LEDs will be achieved by developing a novel vertically conducting geometry. In addition to the inherent advantages that are gained by developing a vertically conducting LED compared with conventional laterally conducting devices, Nitek proposes several advances to these devices that will allow them to meet the challenging technical goals that are required for large scale commercial acceptance of these devices. These include development of thick n-AlGaN base templates, backside device heatsink deposition, enhanced light extraction through surface modification, and short-pass filter deposition to reduce the deep level emission from the deep UV LEDs.

SENSOR ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1195 Atlas Road
Columbia, SC 29209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 647-9757
Jinwei Yang
ARMY 08-077      Awarded: 11/12/2008
Title:High Power AlInGaN-Based Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes
Abstract:Two complementary approaches to develop next generation of large area, high-efficiency and high-power deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes (DUV LED) are being proposed. Firstly, due to the lack of adequate quality native substrates, DUV LEDs are made from heteroepitaxial AlGaN films grown on foreign substrates and thus suffer from high- density of crystal defects. Large concentration of defects reduces deep UV LEDs’ efficiency, reliability and lifetime. Furthermore, poor conductivity of n-AlGaN causes current crowding problem for conventional square geometry LED design, which limits the device output power. We propose to develop large area, single-chip monolithic array DUV LEDs fabricated using low defect density AlGaN templates deposited over patterned sapphire substrates. Secondly, to enhance the external efficiency and power handling capability of DUV LEDs, we propose to develop vertical geometry devices using laser- assisted removal of sapphire substrate and fabrication of 2D photonic crystal using anodized Al technology.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Geoffrey Burnham
ARMY 08-078      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Multi-differential Optical Trigger Detection Lidar
Abstract:Agiltron proposes a new multi-differential laser radar (MDLIDAR) optical trigger detection system. The design innovatively implements multiple stages of both optical hardware and image processing firmware filtering to reject background noise and clutter. The incorporated technologies include differentiations in polarization, spectra, time-domain, and space to achieve unsurpassed high detection sensitivity and low fault rate to detect and locate electro-optical (EO) devices. The MDLIDAR is upgraded from the Agiltron developed and demonstrated Dual Source Enemy Identification and Negation Lidar that detects the optical sensor, imaging optics and human eyes. The MDLIDAR expands the detection capability to include regular optics used in Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) active and passive infrared EO systems. The design is based on detecting a unique set of optical features of optical sensors that almost no environmental objects have all the properties although a few may be similar in one or two aspects. This system holds the promise of high sensitivity, large surveillance area, low cost, high reliability and the capability of differentiating EO devices from other possible strong scattering objects. The Phase I effort will conduct a proof-of-principle demonstration of this advanced technology and in Phase II will produce a full specification compliant working prototype.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Khaydarov
ARMY 08-078      Awarded: 2/10/2009
Title:Detector and Locator of Booby Trap Optical Triggers
Abstract:To address the Army need in optical countermeasures for detecting, locating, and identifying infrared COTS and other electro-optical devices used as optical triggering mechanisms for improvised explosive devices (IEDs), optical trip wires, and booby traps, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Detector and Locator of Booby Trap Optical Triggers (DALBOT). The proposed device is based on a high- sensitivity optical detector subsystem that detects and decodes triggering IR radiation signals, and a stabilized optical locator subsystem with eye-safe laser, scanning, and retro-reflection detection. The innovations in DALBOT design allows detection and localization of those COTS IR triggers for mitigation of the threat of the IED triggers at distances of 10-100 m with accuracy better than 15 cm. In Phase I, POC will analyze optical beam characteristics of the optical threat (emitting power, beam divergence/field of view, and pulse parameters of COTS devices) and demonstrate the feasibility of DALBOT by simulation of the entire system design along with experimental testing of optical receiver and laser locator subsystems. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and build a complete prototype of DALBOT detector of COTS IED triggers.

INFORMATION SYSTEMS LABORATORIES, INC.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3610
David Kirk
ARMY 08-079      Awarded: 11/19/2008
Title:Precision Extraction and Characterization of Lines of Communication from Moving Target Indicator (MTI) Data
Abstract:Identified battlespace lines of communication (LOC) provide crucial knowledge of a surveilled environment, assisting in troop placement and maneuvering, communication network characterization, and intelligence regarding enemy movement. LOC mapping is difficult in areas with treacherous terrain conditions or limited data availability. As MTI sensors enable persistent surveillance, provide accurate geolocation of moving targets that traverse LOCs, and have foliage-penetrating capabilities useful in observing LOCs in forrested areas, it is the objective of this effort to create a solution to LOC extraction and characterization needs using MTI data products.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 268-1249
Allan Corbeil
ARMY 08-079      Awarded: 10/28/2008
Title:Precision Extraction and Characterization of Lines of Communication from Moving Target Indicator (MTI) Data
Abstract:Extracting Lines of Communication (LOCs) is crucial for mission planning and target interdiction. LOCs consist of unmapped foot trails, dirt roads and rivers / streams in some areas where U.S. forces operate. Forested areas are a particular challenge because optical sensors cannot penetrate foliage. New GMTI radars including FORESTER, ARTEMIS and VADER offer a potential means of extracting LOCs and providing updates as routes change. In Phase I, TSC will extend promising line-fitting algorithms that account for both range and cross-range measurement uncertainy. TSC will also investigate innovative techniques to combine data from multiple collections and to identify the most accurate set of data for input to line-fitting algorithms. In the Base effort, TSC will focus on the challenging problem of extracting trails in forested areas. In the Option, TSC will adapt these techniques to extract roads using the detections of vehicles by higher frequency radars including VADER, AACER, Lynx and/or Joint STARS. In Phase II, TSC will further mature the techniques and test them on collected FORESTER data, as available. TSC will then implement the algorithms in the Army’s SIL for validation testing. In Phase III, TSC will transition the algorithms into DCGS or custom GMTI radar exploitation workstation.

ARTISAN LABORATORIES CORP.
530 West Butler Ave. Suite 110
Chalfont, PA 18914
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 997-8161
Arthur Paolella
ARMY 08-080      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:High Performance RF Over Fiber Link for Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Platforms
Abstract:Artisan Laboratories Corporation proposes to develop high density, high performance RF over fiber technology. Artisan’s approach to the technology is to design for high efficiency and high volume production that saves size, weight and power plus cooling by taking advantage of advanced modulation, transmission and packaging techniques. Artisan has developed highly efficient RF over fiber links and has successfully flown systems in an avionics environment. The Artisan Phase I effort will include requirements definition and a trade-off analysis that will lead to a design capable of reaching the ISR specifications. The trade-off analysis will address packaging concepts, flight design and modulation techniques. Artisan Laboratories Corporation has experience and success in transitioning research and development into commercial RF / optical products. Our proposal will reflect our strong commitment to commercialization of our research and development. The goal of the project is to produce low cost, high isolation optical circuits for military ISR systems that have the potential to reduce size, weight and power consumption.

PHARAD LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Dalma Novak
ARMY 08-080      Awarded: 11/3/2008
Title:Radio Frequency Over Fiber in Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Platforms
Abstract:In this Phase I effort Pharad will investigate, develop and demonstrate photonic technologies to realize a high performance airborne fiber optic RF distribution (RFD) system for ISR aircraft that will lead to substantial reductions in SWaP (size, weight, and power) requirements. Photonic technology offers the potential for providing new capabilities, and significant performance improvements to a variety of microwave systems. Upgrading to a fiber optic harness for the distribution of RF signals in airborne platforms will offer a number of benefits over coaxial cables, including significantly reduced cabling size, weight and bend radius; low loss over a wide RF bandwidth; and improved signal isolation. During Phase I we will carry out a study of potential approaches for the distribution, routing and switching of RF signals over fiber. Our survey will establish the maturity of the various technologies and their suitability to the airborne RFD system. We will then develop a design for a photonics-based RF distribution system that meets all the performance requirements. Our Phase I Option effort is a Phase II Risk Reduction activity, in which we will carry out a detailed design analysis of our Phase I RFD system architecture that will demonstrate the performance of our solution.

XADAIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4438 Chippewa Dr
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(904) 389-1789
John T. Gallo
ARMY 08-080      Awarded: 12/4/2008
Title:Investigation of Fiber Optic RF Links for Airborne ISR Platforms
Abstract:This proposal describes XTI’s plan for evaluating optical technologies and fielded fiber optic RF links (FORL) in airborne ISR platforms to design new FORL systems capable of meeting RF performance requirements of systems on a next generation airborne ISR aircraft. XTI will evaluate FORL systems using conventional and advanced techniques employing state-of-the-art (SOTA) components. RF performance will be modeled and predicted over broadband and narrowband portions of the 10 MHz to 30 GHz frequency range. Consideration will be given to these configurations’ technical maturity as measured by Technical Readiness Level (TRL), SWAP and cost. XTI will perform a trade study to select the best configuration or configurations to meet a minimum spur-free dynamic range (SFDR) performance of 80 dB in a 1 MHz bandwidth. The final design or designs will be documented in a source control drawing (SCD) and individual component specifications will be drawn. A master test plan (MTP) and test methodology will be prepared to assure adequate exercise of the preliminary design. The testing program will focus on evaluating the demonstration hardware in as close to a “deployed” configuration as possible. Actual construction and demonstration of the preliminary design will be undertaken in a follow-on Phase II program

21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC.
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 954-6049
Amber Fischer
ARMY 08-081      Awarded: 10/23/2008
Title:Transmission Surveillance (TRANSURV) System
Abstract:The potential of cell phone use in asymmetric operations against coalition forces has grown exponentially and has expanded well beyond the now-familiar IED detonators. The ubiquitous cell phone is the easiest way for insurgents to communicate in order to coordinate attacks and reconnoiter facilities. A proper force protection plan will address this threat. The team of 21st Century Systems Incorporated (21CSI) and Missouri University of Science and Technology is pleased to propose to address this challenge with a counter surveillance concept called TRANSURV. This transmission surveillance tool is the synergistic pairing of RF DF equipment and video cameras to provide persistent perimeter surveillance without incurring a large manpower footprint. The RF sensors are used to cue the video cameras (slew-to-cue) which will slew to the direction indicated. Utilizing advanced video analytics, the scene will be analyzed for human presence and the operator notified with an alert and a recommended course of action. More than just a surveillance system, TRANSURV is decision support that enhances situational awareness and security. And, with 21CSI’s extensive experience in decision support, service oriented architectures and video analytic technologies, and MST’s expertise in RF detection, this team is the most qualified for this research.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Richard E. Cagley
ARMY 08-081      Awarded: 12/2/2008
Title:Persistent Multi-Intelligence Perimeter Sensing
Abstract:Imagery is a powerful tool for enhancing situational awareness. If operating personnel can see potential enemies well in advance of them being an active threat, there is time to mount a coordinated response. Imagery is particularly useful as it is an excellent sensor for classifying not only types of targets, but even their intent. While imagery is very useful for perimeter security, particularly infrared, it carries with it costs in terms of not only equipment but also operator hours for managing the resulting data. This solicitation, and our proposed solution, attempts to overcome these challenges by pairing a low-cost radio frequency (RF) direction finding (DF) system based on time difference of arrival (TDOA) with automated image processing. The DF system will provide an initial cue for the secondary imaging sensor with automated image processing. Such a concept reduces the number of cameras required for a particular installation as well as the operator load and data communications bandwidth of the cameras themselves. Toyon’s proposed solution leverages many years of experience in wireless communications, namely multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and software defined radio (SDR) systems. Our solution also features high confidence detection and track confirmation video analytics.

MODUS OPERANDI, INC.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Richard Hull
ARMY 08-082      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:JC3-TIME: Event and Temporal Reasoning Ontology
Abstract:Modus Operandi proposes the development of JC3-TIME, an ontology and innovative framework for representing and extracting temporal/event information and temporal reasoning that support intelligence analysis through event correlation and all source fusion in operational (large scale) settings. Identification of patterns in the enemy’s behavior is critical to disrupting his activities. Intelligence analysts are currently swamped with information from a wide variety of sources, but this abundance of information hasn’t paid off to its fullest extent because of the tremendous amount of manual (human) processing required to analyze it. Research in information extraction from natural language texts can greatly reduce this manual effort by automatically extracting descriptions of militarily-significant events and their temporal features from intelligence data. Furthermore, if the event descriptions are stored within a semantic model, i.e., ontology, then machine reasoning algorithms can be applied to generate the implicit event relationships currently requiring human effort. This capability will significantly reduce manual processing of intelligence that currently plagues Army analysts.

POTOMAC FUSION
4460 Brookfield Corporate Drive Suite H
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 243-8864
Alfred Reich
ARMY 08-082      Awarded: 11/22/2008
Title:Event and Temporal Reasoning Ontology
Abstract:This research will develop a general ontology of time and associated algorithms for performing inferences on temporal data that conforms to the ontology. We intend to start with the temporal constructs currently contained in the JC3IEDM and propose extensions to them that facilitate temporal reasoning about actions and events over time. We will express the JC3IEDM temporal constructs and their extensions using the Web Ontology Language (OWL). Our ontology is expected to include an exact representation of dates and times that is compatible with efficient calendric calculations. It will also contain abstract temporal constructs that represent time points, intervals, and durations. These constructs will be allowed to exist within several different structures of time, including: linear time, left-branching time (for diagnostic analyses), and right-branching time (for predictive analyses). Our temporal ontology development will leverage the existing JC3IEDM implementation contained in the I2WD Fusion Exploitation Framework (FEF) developed by PFI. We also propose the development of a software prototype – the Temporal Constraint Reasoning Engine (TCRE). The TCRE will make use of the FEF specific and general fusion APIs to demonstrate how advanced temporal constraint processing can be used to perform multi-sensor fusion.

ASPEN SYSTEMS, INC.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 281-5322
Glenn Deming
ARMY 08-083      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Modular Transit Case Cooler
Abstract:Aspen Systems proposes to develop a modular cooling system for mobile electronics applications. This system will be highly adaptable and have the capability to maintain lower than ambient temperatures in mobile and stationary electronics enclosures that are deployed to hot desert environments. While maintaining these low operating temperatures, the electronics systems will be completely sealed against dirt rain and dust so that MIL STD-810F environmental requirements can be met. Features include a high degree of modularity, enabling the rapid fabrication and fielding of cooling systems that are tailored to system requirements without non recurring engineering costs. The major benefit to the warfighter is the ability to utilize very high performance Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) electronics with out jeopardizing system life due to thermal overload of sensitive electronics. The system will be designed for minimum power consumption, minimum weight, maximum efficiency, and high modularity. With small size and high cooling power, multiple units can be used in the same enclosure to match the cooling requirements against the thermal load in the system. It is anticipated that the system will be fully tested at the conclusion of Phase I, and ready for production at the conclusion of Phase II.

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERING CORP.
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Gregory S. Cole
ARMY 08-083      Awarded: 10/29/2008
Title:Demonstration of a Modular Reconfigurable Thermal Management System for SIGINT/EW Power Electronics
Abstract:As Army signal intelligence (SIGINT) and electronic warfare (EW) continue to evolve, significant improvements in thermal technologies at the device level have provided higher heat flux dissipation. System integrators are hesitant to utilize these advanced cooling technologies because they require customized system-level thermal management solutions. Mainstream proposes a modular reconfigurable thermal management system (MR-TMS) that can acquire heat from both air-cooled and liquid-cooled SIGINT/EW components. It is expandable to satisfy future phase-change-cooled electronics. The concept is applicable to both open-frame rack-mount systems and environmentally-sealed enclosures. The system can reject heat to vehicle air or be integrated with the vehicle cooling system. In Phase I, Mainstream will design four modular cooling units and fabricate one cooling module for an environmentally-sealed enclosure. System demonstrations will be performed with representative loads for existing air-cooled, existing liquid-cooled, and future phase-change-cooled modules. In the Phase I Option, Mainstream will fabricate two additional cooling modules and demonstrate the ability of the TMS to be reconfigured. In Phase II, Mainstream will further optimize the cooling system and deliver a production-version system. The production-version system will proceed directly to Mil-Std First Article Tests (FAT) in Phase III without any additional development or “tool up” funds.

ROCKY RESEARCH
1598 Foothill Dr PO Box 61800
Boulder City, NV 89006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 293-0851
Paul Sarkisian
ARMY 08-083      Awarded: 11/20/2008
Title:Universal, Modular Electronics Cooler
Abstract:Proposed is the development of a Universal Modular Electronics Cooler for the Army that is applicable to cooling of high density electronics components used in Signals Intelligence and Electronics Warfare. The proposed cooler will include a variable capacity vapor compression system with variable or fixed air flow as per load requirements. The performance of the high efficiency cycle will be enhanced by the use of advanced variable speed drive and pulsating thermal expansion valve technologies. The control system will allow load tracking without the use of remote sensors and will have a self explanatory user interface. The cooler will operate at all relevant military supplied DC and AC voltages. The result will be a product that has more robust performance, dramatically smaller volume and lighter weight than competing technologies while attaining wide- ranging applicability.

FIRST RF CORPOR
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 08-084      Awarded: 2/25/2009
Title:High Isolation Transmit/Receive Antennas for Advanced Electronic Warfare (EW) and Communications Applications
Abstract:As modern battlefield scenarios require increasingly greater radio frequency (RF) capabilities from US Army ground vehicles, there is a corresponding requirement to develop antenna systems that ensure the mutual interoperability of these functions. Currently, there is an urgent requirement to address this challenge for two essential RF capabilities: communications and electronic warfare (EW). Communications systems operate at low power levels, and with high sensitivities for both transmit and receive functions. EW systems have comparable sensitivity requirements in their receive modes, but require very high power levels in their transmit modes to perform their intended function. Because of the sensitivities of the two systems, their simultaneous operation in close proximity is a significant challenge that is not being adequately addressed in current systems. Accordingly, it is essential to develop antenna systems that provide high levels of isolation between communications and EW systems without compromising their sensitivity or performance. Many communications functions have their own antennas that are used on many US Army platforms. The focus of this program is in the development of a new antenna system for EW applications that provides the desired isolation with communications systems antennas, but maintains or extends the key performance characteristics of existing EW antennas.

JEM ENGINEERING, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1070
Bing Foo
ARMY 08-084      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:High Isolation Transmit/Receive Antenna System
Abstract:Research is proposed to investigate the feasibility of a high-isolation transmit/receive antenna system for Army land vehicles, using an innovative, circuit-domain, distributed, RF-passive cancellation system with active feedback control. Conventional time- and frequency-domain cancellation approaches have inherently-narrow cancellation bandwidths due to applying amplitude and phase adjustments or fixed time delays to sampled signals, and often require electronics of prohibitively high cost. Spatial nulling approaches also suffer from bandwidth restrictions, in addition to their need for expensive RF circuitry, and their inability to cancel interference that has undergone spatial spreading, as would be caused by multi-path scattering on an Army vehicle. The proposed circuit-domain approach removes the cancellation bandwidth limitation by using variable true-time-delay lines and level controls. The proposed system uses wideband components to achieve the required, very wide operating frequency range of 20MHz to 6GHz, and can be built at low cost. The system features real-time optimization, with the ability to adjust cancellation settings in microseconds. Proof of feasibility will be assessed against a minimum cancellation threshold of 50dB.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Davis Tran
ARMY 08-084      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:High Isolation Transmit and Receive Antennas for Advanced Electronic Warfare and Communications Applications
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a high-isolation antenna for advanced electronic warfare and communications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new High-Isolation Transmit/Receive Antenna (HITRA) system based on an innovative broadband antenna array with an operating frequency from 20 MHz to 8 GHz, an RF quarter-wavelength filter covering bandwidths up to 8 GHz at -3 dB, and an RF high- isolation package. The HITRA system will provide high transmitted power up to 100 watts for long periods of time and operate in a broadband of 20 MHz to 8 GHz with >70 dB isolation. The novel design of a multilayer antenna and multilayer microwave foam absorbers provide wideband and isolation performance to satisfy Army requirements. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the high isolation of the HITRA system through computer analysis/simulation, construction and near-field testing of a laboratory prototype with a network analyzer, and antenna chamber testing. In Phase II we plan to develop and build a full HITRA system prototype and test it in a realistic environment to meet Army requirements.

INTEGRATED TRAINING SOLUTIONS
2805 Lower Moncure Road
Sanford, NC 27330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 248-9222
William P. Rivers
ARMY 08-085      Awarded: 12/12/2008
Title:Recognition of Non-Native Speakers
Abstract:Integrated Training Solutions, Inc., proposes a Phase I SBIR project to determine the feasibility of integrating computational sociolinguistics, social theory, and machine translation technology for a standalone, state of the art system to assist in the determination of native speaker status and potential native language of a speaker. The Sociolinguistic Identification and Rapid Extraction of Native Speaker Status (SIRENSS) technology rapidly ascertains whether an individual is a native language speaker or a foreign language speaker of another language. The SIRENSS technology consists of data elements and software which can rapidly extract information from speech and compare it to data elements correlating with native linguistic performance . The SIRENSS, when operated by human(s) in the loop, becomes a system that takes recorded or live speech and extracts phonological indicators of language (accent) and culture. These indicators are compared against the data elements in question. Each indicator will be marked as either matching or not matching the data elements to which it corresponds. When this process is complete, the system will compare the results to the criteria for native speaker status and provide a numerical indication of the probability of that individual being a native speaker of the language of interest.

LI CREATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0048
Qi (Peter) Li
ARMY 08-085      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Recognition of Non-Native Speakers
Abstract:We propose a novel and promising non-native speaker recognition system by using both high-level language cues and low-level acoustic accent cues. The system consists of a high-level language cue based sub-system and four accent recognition based sub- systems. Each sub-system can be used individually or together via system fusion. The novelty and uniqueness of our proposed approach are as follows: First, it utilizes both high-level language cues and low-level accent cues, which will largely improve the robustness; Second, it employs a new concept of accent signature, that is to be learned in a completely data-driven fashion, which guarantees portability across different accents; Third, it applies various system fusion approaches which guarantees improved overall performance.

ImSAR LLC
510 W 90 S
Salem, UT 84653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 769-0003
Logan Harris
ARMY 08-086      Awarded: 2/5/2009
Title:Deeply Integrated GMTI Radar/EO/Laser Payload for MAV
Abstract:A major problem faced by our warfighters utilizing a Micro Air Vehicle is its limited capability to sense combatants under non-optimal environmental conditions. The other issue is that once a combatant is identified the warfighter must personally engage the combatant exposing the warfighter to enemy fighter. The main obstacle of providing a full sensor payload package on a MAV is that the entire sensing payload has to weigh in the order of 1.5 pounds and has to fit in the turret and payload bay. The only way to accomplish this feat is to deeply integrate the payload. ImSAR, the developer of the world’s smallest SAR, and Aerius Photonics, the creator of the world’s smallest laser range finder, have partnered for this project to deeply integrate the GMTI radar, camera and laser system on as many levels as possible. To quickly push the limits of how far can current technology go ImSAR/Aerius will go beyond modeling and simulation create a prototype payload package that combines GMTI radar, EO camera and laser range finder in a package that weighs less than two and half pounds.

EIGENT TECHNOLOGIES
10 Cindy Lane
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 673-0402
Robert Warner
ARMY 08-087      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Dismounted Combat Identification
Abstract:In a complex theater of operations there is a need to track soldiers’ positions to keep them out of harms way. A secure, innovative dismounted identification system that will identify dismounted personnel at tactically significant ranges (1,200 meters or more), such as a long-range RFID interrogator and transponder system, is required to verify the actual location of soldiers, and precisely track them as them move around. This must be accomplished without providing targeting information and exposing tactical locations or logistics information to unfriendly forces. The ideal system must be vanishingly small and should not weigh more than two ounces. The soldier transponder needs to be woven into or placed on the soldier’s uniform, and difficult to detect with the naked eye. Similarly, the interrogator requires minimum size, weight, power consumption and recurring cost. The system, in general, needs to take into account human factors.

TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP.
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 954-2200
Charles A. Shipley
ARMY 08-087      Awarded: 1/9/2009
Title:VERIFI; A Dismounted Combat Identification System
Abstract:TSC has proposed a combat dismount wearable passive device that can be interrogated at a distance by an operational radar to identify and locate friendlies in environments including all weather, darkness, and forested conditions. The device will have omni- directional high backscatter gain for the modulated return signal and will have a very low power demand so that it can be operated on small batteries with long lifetime.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Gary Sikora
ARMY 08-088      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Command and Control Translation System in a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)
Abstract:Our approach is an Open Architecture (OA) Universal Language Translator (ULT), a C2 translation system to be used by embedded coalition forces and takes full advantage of the benefits of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). Combining translation software for free text and transliteration software for conversion of place names, geographic locations, and military symbols provides a sound framework for a ULT in an SOA environment. This OA approach that isolates translation engines from the service interfaces provides an application independent solution. We offer a solution that leverages mature, industry-standard translation capabilities, as well as cutting-edge modular transliteration capabilities. We are teaming with SYSTRAN, the software that powers Yahoo!’s translation site, to provide a ULT solution. Our approach provides a best of breed approach by isolating translation software from external interfaces, allowing for seamless integration of translation products. Transliterating place names and military symbols can be accomplished by leveraging our eXtensible Transliteration Framework’s Web Services, built for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s GeoNames Server. Combining these technologies and prototype adaptations with trade studies to identify candidate Army Battle Command Systems (ABCS) provides a framework for efficient, secure, and reliable data translation, providing today’s warfighter confidence and preparation for working with foreign military personnel.

REP INVARIANT SYSTEMS, INC.
23 Upland Rd. #2
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 233-6109
Jeremy H. Brown
ARMY 08-088      Awarded: 12/18/2008
Title:Command and Control Translation System in a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Framework
Abstract:We propose a design for adding "universal translation" capabilities to Army Battle Command System (ABCS) 6.4 in order to support use by Embedded Coalition Forces (ECFs). Our design employs Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) principles to solve four key problems: text localization, graphics localization, free-text translation, and security. We rely primarily on COTS software solutions, adding only one full-custom software service. We exploit key properties of ABCS 6.4 to add ECF-facing services without modifying already-fielded ABCS software. In Phase I, we propose to select a few specific ABCS functions, study the success of the proposed design in providing those functions to ECFs, and iteratively refine the design in response to analysis.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4620
Tuna Guven
ARMY 08-089      Awarded: 11/28/2008
Title:Multi-Agent based Middleware Framework for QoS Traffic Management
Abstract:We present a hardware, vendor and platform independent management framework providing Quality of Service (QoS) in coordination with the management policies. The proposed architecture is a unifying framework applicable across all organizations with diverse capabilities and constraints. This is achieved by capitalizing the synergies that arise within the integration of the Web Services Management (WSM) technologies and the Multi-agents Systems (MAS) for the specific goal of coordinated QoS traffic management. Specifically, the managed resources are first described and offered directly by resource access interfaces under the web services management platform. Hence, the resources are transformed into managed web services that can participate directly in service oriented architecture (SOA). However, WSM technologies do not specify the exact management mechanisms about how the web services can be managed. We provide this required intelligence needed for the effective management of web services by making use of multi-agent systems as MAS enable intelligent operations, interactions, coordination and cooperation between autonomous components.

LINQUEST CORP.
6701 Center Drive West Suite 425
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 704-2764
Naveen Reddy
ARMY 08-089      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Quality of Service Traffic Manager
Abstract:SBIR topic ARMY 08-089 addresses the development of a Quality of Service Traffic Manager (QTM) to bridge the gap between applications, services and network configuration components. The QTM is to provide the capability to actively change QoS policies and packet priorities across the network based on characteristics of the transmitted packets and mission priorities

REFERENTIA SYSTEMS, INC.
550 Paiea Street Suite #236
Honolulu, HI 96819
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 423-1900
John Smith
ARMY 08-089      Awarded: 11/28/2008
Title:Quality of Service Traffic Manager
Abstract:The Quality of Service Traffic Manager (QTM) software tool provides ability to actively change QoS policies and packet priorities based on characteristics of transmitted packets or priorities imposed by Commanders. QTM bridges the communication gap between applications, services, and network configuration components. The QTM technical approach leverages Referentia’s Smart Data Flow (SDF) software based QoS monitoring and policy configuration management tool for Cisco routers and switches. SDF’s capability to configure QoS, manage routing layer, provide visibility into network flow, and send synthetic traffic between Cisco routers to measure traffic conditions will be integrated into QTM. QTM development risk benefits from SDF’s QoS and NetFlow capabilities that are at TRL 7. SDF will be upgraded to expand network device support beyond Cisco to include bandwidth appliances found in WIN-T. Furthermore, SDF’s built-in QoS capabilities will include webservices and application control to meet the QTM requirements. The webservices API will determine message destination and bandwidth conditions (i.e. bandwidth, jitter, latency, and loss). During congestion events, QTM notifies applications to automatically throttle traffic based on priority levels corresponding to the commander’s intent. This solution meets the pressing need for efficient battlefield utilization, optimal data throughput, on-the-move critical information exchange, and rapid infrastructure modernization.

EnerG2
810 3rd Avenue Suite 120
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 679-2671
Aaron Feaver
ARMY 08-090      Awarded: 12/22/2008
Title:High Performance Electrochemical Capacitor Using N
Abstract:In this research, EnerG2 will optimize its sol-gel derived carbon nanomaterials to produce dramatic new breakthroughs in electrode materials for advanced ultracapacitor electrodes. The company’s technology has the potential to double the energy density and triple the power performance of current ultracapacitor energy storage devices. With 1,000X the cycle life of batteries, and 100X the charge/discharge rate, ultracapacitors show great promise as energy storage devices for Soldier Power and other developing Army systems. EnerG2 will engineer our carbon precursor at the molecular level to optimize surface area and surface structure to match the ion sizes of high performing electrolytes, which will lead to energy and power densities currently not available in the industry. In addition, the synthetic nature of EnerG2’s precursors enables near-perfect carbon electrode purity. A truly pure carbon electrode will significantly reduce the risk of electrolytic breakdown at normal operating voltages. This mitigation technique will facilitate higher device operating voltages, which results in even higher energy and power density; both metrics increase with the square of device voltage. EnerG2’s process is a low-cost bulk chemical synthesis that easily scales and has already demonstrated great commercial potential.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 483-4200
Brian Holloway
ARMY 08-090      Awarded: 12/2/2008
Title:Carbon Nanosheet-Based Ultra-Capacitors for Energy Storage
Abstract:Using its novel carbon nanosheet technology, Luna Innovations will develop an ultra- capacitor with with >50 Wh/kg, and <30 kW/kg and an expanded (-30 to +50 C) operating temperature range. Nanosheets are similar to chemically vapor deposited nanotubes vertically aligned off a substrate. However, nanosheets offer an open, two-dimensional, planar nanostructure rather than a closed cylindrical tubular structure. In almost every metric, nanosheets offer potential advantages over nanotube or activated carbon electrodes. Use of nanosheets in place of nanotubes in ultra-capacitors could increase surface area, increase the amount of surface area available through >0.2 nm pores, and decrease the complexity and processing steps needed to create the electrodes thereby increasing the energy storage density, response time, and overall performance of the capacitors produced. Preliminary testing of a nanosheet capacitor has already demonstrated the validity of Luna’s approach.

MAXPOWER, INC.
141 Christopher Lane
Harleysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 256-4575
Benjamin Meyer
ARMY 08-090      Awarded: 11/25/2008
Title:High Performance Electrochemical Capacitor Using Nanomaterials for Electrodes.
Abstract:MaxPower's overall goal of the Phase I program is to use electrospinning technology to produce carbon nanofibers for ultracapacitor applications. These fibers will be subjected to subsequesnt processing to enhance their electrochemical performance and then coated onto foil to form composite electrodes. The composite electrodes will be used to fabricate prototype ultra-capacitors that are capable of delivering 10 Wh/kg energy density and 34 kw/kg power density while meeting the specified military temperature range.

AMERICAN LITHIUM ENERGY
935 Bailey Court Unit 106
San Marcos, CA 92069
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-0611
Jiang Fan
ARMY 08-091      Awarded: 12/18/2008
Title:Superior High Energy Density and High Rate Rechargeable Lithium ion Battery for Army applications
Abstract:This proposal describes a superior high-energy density and high-rate, rechargeable, 18650-size cell for Army applications based on a novel, ultrasafe, high-energy, low cost nano-cathode material that is capable of fast recharges and high-rate discharging. The cell also incorporates a new nano-anode material to increase the energy density for both high rates discharging and charging. The unique combination of nano-cathode and nano- anode materials provides exceptionally high-rate capability (>95% of rated capacity at 10 A continuous discharging) and allow conventional electronic circuits to be used for state- of-charge estimation. These characteristics make the cells especially well-suited for the smart, lithium-ion, rechargeable BB-2590 battery. The work proposed here will lead to cells that are a drop-in replacement for cells currently used in the BB-2590 and will lower cost, provide improved safety, and increase rate capability so that fewer BB-2590 packs can be used in applications such as Non-Line of Sight (NLOS) which requires very high power during firing the missile.

K2 ENERGY SOLUTIONS, INC.
1125 American Pacific Drive, Suite C
Henderson, NV 89074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 478-3601
James D. Hodge
ARMY 08-091      Awarded: 12/16/2008
Title:Superior High Energy Density and High Rate Rechargeable Lithium ion Battery for Army applications
Abstract:K2 Energy Solutions is currently manufacturing and selliing the highest energy density lithium iron phosphate batteries on the market today. K2 produces cells in both 18650 and 26650 formats with versions that optimize the cell for either maximum capacity or maximum power output. In addition, the company possesses design tools that enable us to tailor a cell’s performance for the requirements of a specific application. K2 will utilize these design tools to design and fabricate a high rate, high energy 18650 format cell capable of meeting the Army’s very high discharge rate applications.

LITHCHEM INTERNATIONAL
1830 Columbia Avenue
Folcroft, PA 19032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 522-5960
Joseph Kejha
ARMY 08-091      Awarded: 12/1/2008
Title:Superior High Energy Density and High Rate Rechargeable Lithium ion Battery for Army applications
Abstract:LithChem Energy (LCE) will develop a new ultrasafe rechargeable lithium-ion cell/battery which has higher recharge rate (>C/3 rate), higher energy density (>165 Wh/kg), higher discharge rate (>6C rate) and with the maximum operating voltage of 4.8 V. This new cell will be the building block for the new all-American cell and battery for the BB2590 Warfighter battery increasing performance and decreasing weight. This lithium-ion cell/battery will be based on at least one novel cathode material which has not been used for lithium-ion batteries coupled with nano range carbon for the anode. The gain in energy density results from this novel high capacity cathode material (150 Ah/g) and the increase in cell operating voltage from 3.7 V for standard lithium cobaltate lithium-ion cells to 4.8 V for this new cell. The gain in recharge rate (>C/3) and in discharge rate (>6 C) results from the use of nano cathode and anode materials. LCE has already developed the novel protective coating for the new cathode materials and will develop the higher voltage electrolyte (4.8 V) for stable recharge/ discharge cycling. It will also exceed all of the proposed requirements for the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and the all electric vehicle (EV).

KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS, INC.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Michael K. Painter
ARMY 08-092      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Automated Planning Software For A Dynamic Heterogeneous Collection Of Manned And Unmanned Entities
Abstract:The objective of the proposed effort is to design, develop, and deploy a goal-directed, automated asset employment and redeployment planning framework to provide commanders and their planning staff with tools to more rapidly and effectively (i) maintain situation awareness of world state conditions, constraints, and goals governing the planned use of manned platforms and robotic entities; (ii) rapidly generate candidate plans for the effective use of these assets; and (iii) identify and select a plan to most effectively address current and anticipated needs.

PERCEPTRONICS SOLUTIONS, INC.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
ARMY 08-092      Awarded: 11/19/2008
Title:Automated Planning Software For A Dynamic Heterogeneous Collection Of Manned And Unmanned Entities
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a “Distributed Automated Planning System (DAPS) for a Dynamic Collection of Heterogeneous Manned and Unmanned Entities”. This system will create plans of action that integrate and optimally leverage the diverse range of capabilities provided by manned and unmanned platforms. The main challenge is to devise an innovative planning decision aid system that reduces mission planning time and is scalable to support small teams (platoon or squad) as well as larger units (battalion or brigade). The system must produce an optimal plan as a sequence of actions required to achieve the desired goal by optimally leveraging the functionality of the available entities while assuring the doctrinal requirement and rules are addressed. Furthermore, the system must be sufficiently flexible to easily adapt to new operational uses for unmanned systems. Our proposed approach utilizes an integrated hybrid of automated planning programs that are fitted to handle the specific nature of the robot-human team in the context of projected Future Combat System scenarios and robot capabilities. Our team has already made significant progress toward achieving the project goals, and our proposed approach is based on innovative technology products contributed by our team members.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Jonathan D. Pfautz, PhD
ARMY 08-093      Awarded: 1/13/2009
Title:Counterinsurgency Campaign Design Tool (COIN-CDT)
Abstract:To plan and conduct an effective counterinsurgency campaign, commanders first need to understand what they are facing. Because insurgencies vary widely, change rapidly, do not conform to existing doctrine, and are highly complex, figuring out the situation can be the most difficult part of planning and executing an effective campaign. To address this difficulty, doctrine prescribes a process known as “campaign design” that begins prior to campaign planning. Campaign design in counterinsurgency (COIN) operations, however, presents challenges that have kept it from being actively practiced in the field. Specifically, it requires information largely gained through experience, it requires complex arrangement of military and non-military factors, and the product of design must be sharable to serve as a framework for planning and assessment. All of these challenges indicate a need for a tool to support campaign design in COIN operations. To address these challenges, we propose to design and demonstrate the Counterinsurgency Campaign Design Tool (COIN-CDT). The COIN-CDT will allow commanders to effectively design counterinsurgency campaigns by capturing their own reasoning augmented with lessons learned by other commanders in similar situations.

STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 616-1291
Eric Domeshek
ARMY 08-093      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:System to Aid Counterinsurgency Campaign Analysis, Design, and Evaluation (SACCADE)
Abstract:Among the Army’s many responsibilities, Counterinsurgency (COIN) operations are assuming growing importance. FM 3-24, /Counterinsurgency/, defines the role, importance, and general properties of an effective COIN campaign design process: exploratory, multi-dimensional, collaborative, and iterative responding to ongoing assessment. COIN campaign designers must learn both within and across campaigns based on accumulating experience and insight drawn from all components of the U.S. effort. Efficiently collecting lessons learned and effectively using them to support COIN campaign design is thus an important socio-technical challenge. We propose to develop a System to Aid Counterinsurgency Campaign Analysis, Design, and Evaluation (SACCADE). SACCADE will combine, adapt, and extend several Stottler Henke tools and technologies. Innovation will focus on (1) adaptation of our collaborative design support and capture tools to the COIN context, (2) application of conceptual analysis techniques and ontology management tools to COIN domain modeling, (3) experimentation with collaborative causal modeling techniques to extend and maintain the COIN domain model, (4) implementation of lessons-learned organization and exploitation approaches, and (5) selection and development of advanced visualizations of campaign designs, domain models, and lesson libraries. During Phase I we will gather requirements, produce a proof-of-concept prototype, and develop a detailed Phase II design and work plan.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Curtis Wu
ARMY 08-094      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:Dynamic Information Needs and Agent-Based Model Updating Service (DINAMUS)
Abstract:Timely and efficient access to resources drives successful Battle Command (BC) operations. With the BC migration focus on rapid integration of new systems into a net- centric environment, authoritative sources supporting BC services are developed to satisfy immediate functional needs of the commander and his staff. When deployed, these data sources must be dynamically updated to incorporate new functional needs as they arise, without interrupting the ongoing operational information needs. Current restructuring algorithms reduce overall source downtime, but do little to prevent disruptions to key requirements on the database. To address this issue, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Dynamic Information Needs and Agent-based Model Updating Service (DINAMUS), an agent-based restructuring service which dynamically evaluates updates to authoritative sources, in a way that directly reflects the commanders’ information needs, without interrupting critical BC services. DINAMUS will provide high-fidelity mobile agents to analyze and capture information needs, use those needs in evaluating data model updates and informing model architects of potential disruptions caused by those updates, and apply those needs to optimize the propagation of model updates with minimal interruptions to ongoing military operations. We will demonstrate DINAMUS using legacy sources and the services that access those sources.

POTOMAC FUSION
4460 Brookfield Corporate Drive Suite H
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 243-8864
Alfred Reich
ARMY 08-094      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Dynamic Data Model Implementation for Context Sensitive User Interface and Embedded Semantic
Abstract:As new systems come on line, and data models change, we need to have the ability to update applications, user interfaces, agents and other services about these changes. It is also important that the updates be performed in a timely manner within the constructs of today’s military server oriented architectures (enterprise services). Potomac Fusion, Inc proposes to provide an event-driven data model based on the JC3IEDM to allow applications, user interfaces and agents the ability to dynamically extend the data model without adversely affecting any dependent applications. The ability to do this is becoming more critical in today’s military systems where the threat and maneuver operations and entities are constantly evolving. Our proposed solution extends our existing schema mapping capability to enable dynamically adding new object types and instances within the object model, allowing other applications, services and agents the ability to discover and use that new information. The focus of this effort is to provide enterprise processes that are capable of dynamically adjusting the data model, work flow and underlying data structures to dynamically adjust the user interface display, control and tasks based on the changes.

FREEL, INC.
266 West Center Street
Orem, UT 84057
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 467-1199
Doug Dobyns
ARMY 08-095      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:Wireless Intra-Soldier Data Reception and Transmission
Abstract:The solution proposed employees “Near-Field Magnetic Induction” (NFMI). Conventional radio frequency (RF) technologies are challenged to provide reliable and secure wireless communication. While conventional RF based wireless communication systems are useful in sending large amounts of data and for communicating over long distances, the inherent structure of the RF spectrum results in interference and crowding among devices and information security issues, and requires a great deal of power. NFMI enables soldier- worn or carried devices to communicate over short distances, with minimal power demand. NFMI is well-suited for short-distance personal communications. NFMI does not communicate using the RF properties of the electro-magnetic spectrum; it uses the magnetic field close to the transceiver. Since NFMI does not rely on RF-based transmission for communication, it is immune to interference from RF sources. By expanding and modulating the Near-Field, NFMI will envelop the personal space of each soldier and prove inherently private and secure while enabling soldier-worn or carried devices to communicate. By encapsulating the transmission within that space and by limiting the range to only what the application requires, NFMI will achieve the benefits of dedicated communication channels, no bandwidth sharing, complete frequency re-use between bubbles, and a substantial savings in power.

SPORIAN MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Brian Schaible
ARMY 08-095      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:A Wireless Intra-Soldier Data Communication System
Abstract:Providing weapon sight imagery along with other important data to mounted/dismounted soldiers via a Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) will improve soldier situational awareness (SA) and ultimately increase survivability. Currently the data interface between the HMD and the weapon sight system is achieved with a cable and connectors that: restrict movement, contribute significant carrying weight, is a source of system failure, and can constitute a safety hazard. Replacement of the cable with a robust, high reliability, small, and lightweight wireless communications system would enhance soldier maneuverability, reduce the load, and increase the reliability/availability of the weapon sight and HMD system. The long term objective of the proposed effort is to develop such a device. For this Phase I effort, Sporian Microsystems, Inc. proposes to explore the requirements for the intra-soldier wireless data communication system, analyze potential design options for suitability with the requirements, and develop a baseline design. This will include the definition of system requirements, characterization of potential options for key portions of the system, selection of a group of these key options that will yield the optimal combination elements, and the definition of a baseline design for follow on development efforts.

TRIDENT SYSTEMS, INC.
10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 329-0111
Jeremy McClintock
ARMY 08-095      Awarded: 12/10/2008
Title:Wireless Intra-Soldier Data Reception and Transmission
Abstract:Dismounted soldiers are carrying more-and-more integrated sensors on their person for the purpose of increasing Situational Awareness (SA). The current degree to which weapon sight imagery and data are improving dismounted Soldiers’ SA is limited due to the cabling and connectors which tie the integrated sensors to the Soldier’s Helmet Mounted Display (HMD). By their very nature these cables and connectors restrict mobility, are a source of failure, and can present in-field hazards to the Soldier. Replacing the wired connections between the Soldier’s integrated sensors and HMD with a wireless link(s) is thus a logical choice. An adequate cable-replacement wireless solution should exhibit excellent Low Probability of Detection (LPD) and Low Probability of Intercept (LPI) performance, have sufficient bandwidth for current and upcoming high-frequency/high- resolution imagery and other sensors, support many users in close proximity without cross-interference, have minimal latency and guaranteed information assurance. Trident proposes to develop a wire-replacement solution based on Ultra-Wideband (UWB) RF technology which exhibits excellent LPD/LPI performance, has sufficient bandwidth for uncompressed 30-60Hz 320x240 (and greater) video and data, is designed for dense user concentrations without interference and can be used in one-to-one, many-to-one and one-to-many configurations. Coupling the UWB radios with the correct supporting hardware can result in a modular and upgradeable platform which offers secure low- latency intra-soldier video and data communications without the shortcomings of its wired equivalent.

IRVINE SENSORS CORP.
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8772
Ying Hsu
ARMY 08-096      Awarded: 12/17/2008
Title:Frequency Modulated Micro Gyro (FM Gyro)
Abstract:Micro vibratory gyros (micro gyros) have many advantages that include small size, low power and low cost. The performance of these micro gyros, however, is significantly lower than the more expensive optical gyros, thus preventing use of micro gyros in defense applications. One of the major limiting factors in micro gyros’ performance is due to the electronic noise; micro gyros are typically a few millimeters in size, and the signals produced require significant amplification. ISC proposes development of the Frequency Modulate Micro Gyro (FM Gyro). Unlike conventional micro gyros which produce amplitude modulated (AM) signals, the FM Gyro produces output signals that are intrinsically frequency modulated (FM). A micro gyro element that generates FM signals would provide a new way to combat the electronic noise issue. FM Gyro offers an opportunity to improve performance of micro gyros by one to two orders of magnitude, while keeping its well established advantages of size, weight, and power.

SA PHOTONICS
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
ARMY 08-096      Awarded: 12/19/2008
Title:Precision Gyroscopes for Gyro-Compassing in Man-Portable Target Locator Systems
Abstract:SA Photonics is pleased to propose our Navigation-Grade Fiber Optic Gyro (NFOG). The target application for this NFOG is to provide high accuracy azimuth data for Far Target Locator systems. For this program, the goal is to replace current Digital Magnetic Compass systems with an inertial product that can provide the accuracy required by the Army. NFOGs are attractive for this type application because in addition to their high performance, they are rugged, long lasting, and compact. Prior to the recent developments made by SA Photonics, users of fiber optic gyros had to make a choice between a gyro being low-cost with moderate performance or high cost and having navigation-grade performance. The techniques developed by SA Photonics will facilitate the production of a navigation-grade FOGs (NFOG) at a significantly reduced cost (NFOG performance at standard FOG cost). These improvements are achieved through SA Photonics EPI, DR and MLS techniques. In addition to these improvement methodologies, SA Photonics has two additional gyro performance enhancements developed prior to this program that will ensure program success and early hardware production.

Sensors in Motion
4 - 102nd avenue NE
Bellevue, WA 98004
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 795-0333
Kirill Shcheglov
ARMY 08-096      Awarded: 2/6/2009
Title:Precision Gyroscopes for Gyro-Compassing in Man-Portable Target Locator Systems
Abstract:The need exists for portable navigation grade sensors for future small or miniature platforms. Requirements for such implementations include small size and weight, high performance and low power. Devices with these characteristics, and achieved via low cost fabrication methods would enable miniature, soldier-aided and autonomous sensors for a new widely dispersed surveillance and precision target capability. These could counter the numerous distributed, unpredictable and asymmetric threats presented in the new war as well as a myriad of strategic commercial capabilities. High performance MEMS-based versions of accelerometers consistent with navigation-grade performance already exist. However, the technology for high performance, miniature gyroscopes still needs further development. The research innovation proposed by Sensors in Motion (SIM) is a vacuum packaged MEMS gyroscope that has demonstrated ~ 2 orders of magnitude greater performance over state-of-the-art commercially available MEMS gyroscopes and ~ 2 orders of magnitude reduction in volume, power consumption and cost over optical gyroscopes demonstrating similar performance. The goal of the currently proposed effort is the demonstration of sub millitorr vacuum packaging feasibility of this sensor. This demonstration would make feasible the field application of sub 0.1 degree per hour devices and represent a substantial unit cost improvement for this type of sensor, and would address the commercial need for compact, inexpensive, high performance inertial sensors.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Silviu Velicu
ARMY 08-097      Awarded: 2/18/2009
Title:Standoff Detection of Landmines Using Acoustic Vibrometry
Abstract:The real-time detection of buried landmines from a moving and vibrating platform is a challenging problem mainly due to the limited sensitivity of present-day receivers. The technical approach we propose is to develop a highly sensitive, acoustic-laser vibrometer system combined with imaging and ranging capabilities. Vibrometers are optical instruments that can accurately measure velocity, displacement, and phase shift patterns of vibrating structures without contact. When image and range information are also obtained, the instrument provides five signatures to discriminate between landmines and other buried objects. The core element of the system will be a new, high gain, avalanche photodiode (APD) array with low-noise and large bandwidth. HgCdTe is the most promising material candidate for the development of these APDs because it can be bandgap engineered to achieve strong absorption at the wavelength of interest and a large asymmetry between the hole and electron impact ionization coefficients. This leads to high gain-bandwidth with minimal excess noise. We propose to use our extensive experience in HgCdTe growth by molecular beam epitaxy and device processing to fabricate the APDs and integrate them into landmine detection systems.

OCEANIT LABORATORIES, INC.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Christopher Sullivan
ARMY 08-097      Awarded: 1/2/2009
Title:Standoff Detection of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), Explosively Formed Penetrators (EFPs), or Landmines
Abstract:With the denial of RF triggering through broad spectrum jamming, IR activated devices are becoming prevalent creating an urgent need for a device that can be used to block or jam IR signals used to detonate IEDs. No such device currently exists and as a consequence the lives of American troops are put at risk. Oceanit proposes to rectify this problem by using a patent pending 360 degree optical assembly optimized for IR transmission to jam and pre-detonate IEDs. In addition, a simplified wearable transmit-only device can be developed to protect soldiers on patrol.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr.
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 880-4195
Edward T. Knobbe
ARMY 08-097      Awarded: 3/31/2009
Title:On the Move Road Detection Weapon Detection System
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop a hyperspectral sensor system in the 7.5 to 12 micron wavelength region (long wave infrared, or LWIR) capable of detecting IEDs, EFPs, and landmines from a military vehicle at a rate of advance of 30 kph. The technology is an evolution of a LWIR hyperspectral system based on uncooled detector technology that has been explored for use in airborne and groundbased IED and landmine detection experiments. The technical innovation will be to implement system modifications designed to increase the data collection rate sufficiently to promote real-time detection capabilities under 30 kph rate of advance conditions. The resultant sensor would be very compact and use a standard SADA mounted array for continuity with existing military procurements. The IR detector technology requires no technical development, using existing widely available HgCdTe IR cameras. Existing methods for obtaining similar LW HSI data are inherently more complex, having more precision moving components and electronics, leading to higher unit cost.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 770-6070
Jeffrey T Daiker
ARMY 08-098      Awarded: 1/23/2009
Title:Stabilized Laser Beam Pointing
Abstract:Areté Associates is proud to offer a unique approach to address the stabilized laser designator in a compact robust package that will provide the light weight, high performance absent in existing approaches. Areté Associates’ SCan-mirror Inertial Laser Stabilizer (SCILS) system being proposed here is based on Areté’s innovative scan mirror technology and leverages existing Areté program activities in the area of beam steering.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5237
Benjamin Bachrach
ARMY 08-098      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Stabilized Laser Beam Pointing for Lightweight Laser Designators
Abstract:Laser designation plays an essential role in today’s high precision combat environment. The stability of a laser designator is currently limited by the ability of the user to hold the laser on the target. Currently, the only tool to assist the soldier to minimize the beam pointing error is to use a relatively heavy tripod. Given the amount of gear ordinarily carried by today’s soldier, it would be highly desirable to develop approaches to aid the soldier in the stabilization of the designator laser without the need to carry additional equipment. Similarly, the successful solution requires a low power approach, since otherwise the soldier is again burdened by the need to carry large amounts of batteries. The challenge associated with the proposed approach lies in the need to develop a miniaturized, highly rugged, reliable and low power laser steering component. To address this challenge, IAI has assembled a strong team of engineers and scientists, as well as highly qualified collaborators. Vectronix Inc. is a world leader in the development of electro-optical target location equipment. New Scale Technologies is an extremely innovative firm which has developed a proprietary line of small size components ideally suited for the proposed application.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2297
Andrew N. Hock
ARMY 08-099      Awarded: 12/30/2008
Title:Optimal Detection of Buried Improvised Explosive Devices (IED’s) in Clutter
Abstract:There is a demonstrated need for improved detection of improvised explosive devices in the modern battlefield. Thermal detection of disturbed soils associated with IED burial offers a robust signature, but the signature strength in the presence of natural clutter (including effects due to topography and meteorology) is difficult to predict. Additionally, relatively little empirical data is available on the thermal properties of disturbed soils that can be used to parameterize models. The work proposed here by Areté Associates and David Paige meets those challenges by way of a rigorous 3-D thermal model validated and parameterized with new field experimental data on the thermal behavior of disturbed soils. The resulting model serves as the centerpiece for the development and demonstration of an innovative and rigorous tactical decision aid to direct the optimal thermal detection of buried IEDs.

SIGNATURE RESEARCH, INC.
P.O. Box 346
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3360
William Reynolds
ARMY 08-099      Awarded: 12/22/2008
Title:A Tactical Decision Aid to Determine Optimal Times to Acquire Buried IEDs With Thermal Imaging Systems
Abstract:Development of a novel software application to estimate the “best times” during a diurnal cycle to find buried IEDs is proposed. Disturbed soil heats and cools at a different rate than the surrounding undisturbed soil. Clutter objects also heat and cool at differing rates from the soil because of different heat transfer mechanisms and coefficients. Therefore, there may be times of day when buried IED signals are sufficiently distinct from clutter objects to allow reliable detection. Our software application will estimate when and the duration of these favorable periods over varying meteorological conditions. In the Phase I effort we will use a DoD-developed high fidelity background model, EOView, to prove the concept. We will use predicted thermal signatures of IEDs and thermal clutter objects from EOView to assess their time varying thermal characteristics driven by the diurnal meteorology. In the Phase I Option the development of a Commander’s IED-TDA product begins. We will write a software requirements specification and begin to develop high fidelity stand-alone thermal modules of buried IEDs and clutter objects suitable for use in a PC-based application through imposition of appropriate boundary conditions on the thermal modules. A prototype product is developed in Phase II.

aPeak Inc.
63 Albert Rd.
Newton, MA 2466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 964-1788
Stefan Vasile
ARMY 08-100      Awarded: 5/27/2009
Title:VIS-SWIR Solid State Silicon-Germanium Imaging Camera Development
Abstract:This proposal responds to the Army’s effort to fuse image intensification with infrared technologies and to rapidly meet warfighter’s protection needs. Small, lightweight, low cost, high-sensitivity solid-state infrared cameras widely disseminated on the battlefield would revolutionize land warfare. An effective sensor utilizing covert illumination and nightglow background would require a camera with extended response in the visible (VIS) and short wave infrared (SWIR). The objective of this program is to demonstrate through design, analysis, and semiconductor process improvement the technical feasibility of low-cost, solid-state single-photon detection VIS-SWIR Silicon-Germanium digital cameras with gating, range discrimination capabilities, high photon utilization and frame rate greater than 60 Hz. The core of the imaging camera will be a silicon photon- counting array with integrated SWIR Ge converter and low-noise CMOS readout. In Phase I we will improve the Ge converter process performance, will develop specific readout circuitry and new operation modes for this VIS-SWIR camera, will determine the achievable performance and will deliver a small prototype camera to demonstrate functionality, specific features and speed. If feasibility and target performance are demonstrated, the goal of the Phase II is to integrate the infrared converter into the camera fabrication flow, scale down the technology node and deliver prototypes capable of meeting the performance of today’s’ lattice-matched InGaAs cameras, but with superior manufacturability and readiness for production.

B & W TEK INC.
#19 Shea Way Suite 301
Newark, DE 19713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 368-7824
Jie Yao
ARMY 08-100      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Low Light Level Silicon-Germanium Nano-BiCMOS Infrared Camera
Abstract:Low light level infrared imaging has significant importance in military surveillance and target recognition. The proposed broadband low-light-level nano-BiCMOS camera covers visible and near infrared bands from 400 nm to 1,550 nm wavelengths. With a proven nano-technology, the proposed nano-BiCMOS photo-detector solves this long-standing tradeoff between quantum efficiency and dark current by in-pixel amplification to boost external quantum efficiency and photo current signal by 1,000x (target 6,000x). The resulting infrared camera will achieve approximately 100% amplified external quantum efficiency even at 1,550 nm. The camera shall operate at as fast as 1,000 frames/second with >=1 Mega pixel resolution. The entire semiconductor-based camera will enjoy 20- year lifetime, fieldable ruggedness, light weight and small size of a consumer camcorder. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of germanium layer on silicon sensitive to 1,550 nm infrared with low dark current. In Phase II we will develop and prototype a complete Si-Ge nano-BiCMOS camera system, which will be delivered to DoD Labs for evaluation and demonstration. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the proposed camera to defense contractors for incorporation into military systems and for our own Raman spectroscopy products.

CRITICAL IMAGING
2306 Bleecker Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-1544
Jonathan P. Knauth
ARMY 08-101      Awarded: 1/5/2009
Title:Advanced System Tunability for Infrared (IR) Imagers Using Enhanced User-Controlled Parameters
Abstract:This proposal addresses the need for a flexible, high performance, multi-parameter test bed for infrared focal plane arrays. An adaptable brass-board system that is readily reconfigurable to operate advanced FPAs is proposed. This rugged system permits user controlled tuning of key optical, electronic and thermal/mechanical parameters which are necessary to evaluate new FPA and readout designs in an efficient manner. This brass board test set enables a new testing paradigm whereby parametric field studies are performed prior to the optics specification and electronics development phases. This increases the probability of successful field acceptance testing and increases chances for system deployment without major redesign effort.

OPTO-KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS, INC.
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
ARMY 08-101      Awarded: 12/18/2008
Title:General Purpose 3GF Test Station
Abstract:OKSI proposes to design (under Phase-I) and build (under Phase-II) a field deployable, portable, Advanced Plate FLIR system for the testing of DBFM and similar GEN-3 FPAs under real field environment. The system will comprise a repumpable camera with interchangeable daughter cards/clamp assembly allowing for an easy replacement of FPAs. A cold shield will allow setting different VariAp® assemblies with continuous f- numbers both in circular and racetrack configurations. The interchangeable VariAp® assembly will be based on OKSI's VariAp® kit. The system electronics will provide a general-purpose clock generator with multiple clock lines and phases, as well as all the required bias voltages for practically any FPA. Software will be developed to give the user full control of many of the nontraditional sensor system parameters. Zoom optics covering the f-number range for the various 3GF implementations will also be developed under Phase-II. The system will be ruggedized for operations onboard ground vehicles.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Michael Carmody
ARMY 08-102      Awarded: 2/6/2009
Title:Cathodoluminescence Defect Characterization for Medium Wavelength Infrared (MWIR) and Long-Wave Infrared (LWIR) HgCdTe
Abstract:Traditional Cathodoluminescence (CL) tools are limited to the Near Infrared (NIR) region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Commercially available NIR CL tools are useful for studying wide bandgap semiconductors like CdTe. However, narrow gap materials such as Mid and Long Wavelength infrared (MWIR and LWIR) HgCdTe have spectral energies outside the limits of traditional CL tools. A design proposal for a CL characterization tool for the study of defects in HgCdTe is outlined. Phase I is to design MWIR and LWIR CL tool that can be mounted on a traditional analytical scanning electron microscope (SEM). The detector cutoff wavelength, spectral response, detectivity and ease of design incorporation into the proposed CL setup will all be used as design criteria to choose the final detector(s). A computer aided design (CAD) based layout and design of the CL setup will be part of the final tool design. The layout will be a compact design to increase the photon collection efficiency and increase the resolution of the CL spectra and imaging capability. The design will also include a layout for the proposed collection and analysis software that will need to be developed for this project.

B & W TEK INC.
#19 Shea Way Suite 301
Newark, DE 19713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 368-7824
Jie Yao
ARMY 08-103      Awarded: 2/17/2009
Title:Nano-Passivation of GaSb/InAs Strained Layer Superlattices Infrared Detector
Abstract:Mid-infrared (MWIR, wavelength ~10 micron) imaging has significant importance in military surveillance and target recognition, since human body radiation peaks in MWIR. The GaSb/InAs type-II Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) MWIR detector has been under intensive investigation recently. While much progress has been made to enhance wavelength coverage, one of the few remaining issues has been its relatively high surface leakage current and its associated noises. With a proven nano-material, we propose the nano-passivation of GaSb/InAs SLS and photodetector. The proposed solid- state nano-passivation technology will be completely compatible with array integration. The resulting focal plane array (FPA) will have minimized surface dark current, 15 micron or smaller pixel pitch, and 90% fill factor for high quantum efficiency. The nano- passivation layer will also have high device lifetime. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of nano-passivation to minimize pixel dark current. In Phase II we will develop and prototype a complete FPA based on GaSb/InAs SLS, which will be delivered to DoD Labs for evaluation and demonstration. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the proposed camera to defense contractors for incorporation into military systems and for our own infrared spectroscopy products.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Peter Dreiske
ARMY 08-103      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Passivation Innovations for Large Format Reduced Pixel pitch strained layer superlattice Focal Plane Array Imagers Operating in the Long Wavelength Infrared (LWIR) Band
Abstract:A novel surface passivation technique is proposed for InAs/GaInSb-based strained layer superlattice focal plane arrays with a pitch of 15 µm or less. Buffered oxide and sulfur- based surface treatments prior to dielectric deposition are proposed as the most suitable and chemically stable surface treatments. Both processes result in the removal of elemental oxides, while the latter additionally promotes the formation of stable sulfur- based bonds. The dissolution of the oxide results in a stable surface stoichiometry and avoids the incorporation of any unwanted atmospheric elements in the room-temperature formed oxides. The bare dangling bonds and the sulfur-passivated bonds will be protected with the proper deposition of a dielectric material. ZnS is being proposed for the first time as the dielectric owing to its good thermal match with the superlattice as compared to other previously used dielectrics. The sulfur-rich surface resulting from the sulfur-based surface treatment is expected to yield a highly stable dielectric layer. We will undertake mesa sidewall deposition with a specially designed holder and characterize the resulting InAs/GaInSb superlattice photodiodes. A good surface treatment coupled with the proposed passivation techniques will enhance the performance of these detectors to help them realize their commercial and defense potentials.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
ARMY 08-103      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Passivation Innovation for Large Format Reduced Pixel Pitch LWIR Type-II FPAs
Abstract:Type II InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattices represent the most promising material system capable of delivering large format, reduced pixel pitch, long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) focal plane arrays (FPAs) for persistent surveillance applications. At present, one of the most significant hurdles to overcome is to enhance the noise performance of such detectors through proper surface passivation of such structures. The passivation of this material is further complicated by the narrow separation between mesas necessary to realize reduced pixel pitch arrays. The objective of the proposed project is to develop effective passivation for large format reduced pixel pitch arrays of LWIR Type- II detectors.

FIRST RF CORP.
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 08-104      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Armor Embedded Metamaterial Antenna
Abstract:As the number of communication, sensing, and electronic warfare functions on military vehicles grows, the number of antennas needed to support those functions keeps increasing. While FIRST RF has helped this issue by combining multiple antenna functions into a common housing and developing ultra-broadband antennas to support many functions in a single antenna, there is still a need for armor embedded designs and size reductions to support survivable antenna integration into the latest armored vehicles. The proposed concept is to combine the best metamaterial concepts, the latest armor technologies, and the FIRST RF developed broadband antenna elements to achieve the best antenna system performance in the lowest total volume. Not only do new antenna systems need to allow for integration with armor, but the antennas could benefit from the protection of that same armor. Modularity and easy installation, including replacement, of armor panels without any additional complication from cable interconnection are also a primary goal for the FIRST RF approach. Our team consists of both industry and academia partners with proven results in each of the key areas of innovation, simulation, fabrication, and verification.

JEM ENGINEERING, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1070
Bing Foo
ARMY 08-104      Awarded: 11/7/2008
Title:Armor Embedded Metamaterial Antenna
Abstract:The proposed program will show the feasibility of using armor-embedded metamaterial antennas that demonstrate both wideband RF performance and ballistic protection capability. The proposed program will incorporate materials with high levels of energy absorption under ballistic impact in constructions that meet the RF performance requirements. Thickness reduction and antenna bandwidth will be achieved by leveraging the wideband metamaterials currently being by JEM developed under an ongoing NAVAIR SBIR effort. Design feasibility will be assessed using electromagnetic modeling and ballistic testing in the basic effort. Proof of concept will be achieved in the Option phase, when RF and Ballistic performance will be measured on demonstration hardware.

NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8389
Rob Bortolin
ARMY 08-104      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Armor Embedded Metamaterial Antenna
Abstract:A team led by NextGen Aeronautics Inc. has teamed with the University of Arizona to develop a redundant, reconfigurable antenna that is embedded in armor plates for a vehicle. The planned work builds upon the team’s extensive prior experience in conformal load-bearing antenna structures (CLAS), antenna design, and metamaterials. The proposed antenna is a combination of concepts that have already been designed and tested at UofA, and have proven their capacity to operate under the determined conditions while meeting solicitation requirements. At the end of Phase I base period, we will have simulations of various antenna designs, configurations, and materials pointing to a combination that works optimally with the composite armor structure. This research will also determine the frequencies, bandwidth and waveforms to which this technology is most applicable. Further efforts in the Phase I option will include fabricating a mockup antenna, without the ceramic armor cover, as a demonstration of how the antenna will be integrated into the armor and vehicle.

INFOCOM TECHNOLOGY, INC.
80 Ward Street, Suite 104 POB 3092
Paterson, NJ 07509
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 247-0400
Ahmed Abdelal
ARMY 08-105      Awarded: 11/13/2008
Title:Multicast Admission Control for Multi-Domain Secure Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:We are proposing novel approaches for implementing a flexible, feasible and interoperable multicast admission control mechanism (McastAC) that is located at the red side of the typical Army black and red networks environment to provide end-to-end QoS assurance: • McastAC decisions are based on resource-friendly network performance estimations, which enable quick reaction to the status change of the network caused by radio dynamics and traffic congestion. • McastAC employs content filtering, where the admission/rejection decisions are based on utility and proximity. As such, together with DiffServ, McastAC ensures the high-priority mission critical applications are protected. The role of McastAC will be presented in the context of real-video applications with strict QoS requirements, in terms of packet delay and losses. In this architecture, we are proposing an innovative Multistream Multicast which ensures fairness between receivers with different capacities. A limited number of streams of the original content are sent over different multicast groups. The video receivers can switch between active multicast sessions by requesting admission to a different multicast group, in a manner that minimizes the disruption of the received video quality. Infocom Technology will leverage their extensive experience in video multi-streaming and multicasting to support this effort.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5218
Peng Xie
ARMY 08-105      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:HIMAC: Hybrid and Integrated Multicast Admission Control
Abstract:Providing multicast admission control in ad hoc networks is extremely challenging. In this proposal, we present a hybrid and integrated multicast admission control (HIMAC) mechanism to address this challenging problem. In essence, we propose some novel approaches to address some fundamental problems in ad hoc networks. In the proposed solution, we adopt hybrid methods to estimate the available bandwidth of different types of networks. We propose a measurement-based approach to estimate the available bandwidth for backbone networks and a model-driven approach for ad hoc networks. Both of these approaches are light–weight, non-intrusive and accurate in the targeted networks. In order to make the model-based bandwidth estimation approach work correctly in ad hoc networks, we propose a novel approach to model the effect of wireless interference on loss rate. This model overcomes the limits of existing works and is feasible for real networks. Moreover, this model, in conjunction with the efficient and comprehensive inference method proposed in our solution, derives an accurate and realistic interference pattern for real networks.

ASPEN SYSTEMS, INC.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 281-5322
Glenn Deming
ARMY 08-106      Awarded: 11/17/2008
Title:Advanced Cooling for Satellite Communications On-the-Move Antennas
Abstract:Aspen Systems Inc. proposes to develop a proprietary antenna cooling system for Satellite Communications on-the-move (SATCOM OTM) applications. This system will replace an existing thermal control unit with a lighter and higher performance system designed to keep the antenna electronics cooler than existing systems and cooler than ambient. The system will consist of a series of heat exchangers integrated to replace the existing unit at 25% lower weight while maintaining a 10% or greater lower temperature than current capabilities. It is anticipated that the proposed system technology will be applicable to both satellite dish and phased array antenna designs. Beyond current passive systems that always allow electronics to run hotter than ambient, the proposed highly efficient active system will enable longer life, reliability, and expand the operating temperature range of antenna systems. The system will be designed for minimum power consumption, minimum weight, maximum efficiency, and minimum size. The program will develop a full specification, initiate a new design, fabricate, and thermally test a thermal control system.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 3755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
James J. Barry
ARMY 08-106      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Advanced Thermal Management for Low Profile On-the
Abstract:Electronic components in on-the-move satellite communications antennas generate large amounts of waste heat. Cooling systems must control the temperature of these components in very hot environments without increasing the thickness of the antenna or consuming excessive power. We propose to develop an efficient, compact cooling system that incorporates two innovative elements: (1) an efficient system for transferring heat from the electronic components to the system’s heat rejection system, and (2) an efficient and compact blower for ultimate heat rejection from the system using ambient air. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach by building and testing a proof-of- concept thermal management system, then using data from these tests, design an optimal cooling system. In Phase II we will build and demonstrate a complete, prototype cooling system.

TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS, INC.
5700 Flatiron Parkway #5701A
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 443-2262
Stephen Nieczkoski
ARMY 08-106      Awarded: 11/20/2008
Title:Advanced Cooling for Satellite Communications On-the-Move Antennas
Abstract:Technology Applications, Inc. proposes a Modular Antenna Cooling System to address the profile (height) issue related to the heat exchanger package. The proposed solution uses active as well as passive cooling elements with design features aimed at reducing or eliminating contact resistance. The modular design allows for the base passive system to be used alone for low heat rejection applications. An active cooling option can be added to the base passive cooling system to allow for higher cooling capacity. During Phase I, the proposed cooling system will be designed and alternate cooling solutions explored. A breadboard cooler will be built to demonstrate the base concept. Manufacturing and test plans will be prepared for a prototype cooling system in Phase II.

ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
John Wu
ARMY 08-107      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Multicast Security for Tactical Networks (MSEC-T)
Abstract:The Army has identified the need for secure IPv6 multicast to support operational synchronization through efficient bandwidth utilization in low-bandwidth tactical network environments. The current group control and key distribution schemes do not perform well in networks with limited bandwidth, longer delay and intermittent connectivity, and are susceptible to network-based attacks. In this SBIR effort, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) will develop an innovative technology called Multicast Security for Tactical Networks (MSEC-T) to provide secure group control and key management for multicast groups with high resilience to network variability and scalability for the tactical operational environment. A set of countermeasures will also be provided to defend against network-based attacks on IPv6 multicast, such as enemy traffic analysis and DoS attacks. The technology will be developed to operate within the existing COTS network infrastructure to provide a cost-effective solution to secure IPv6 multicast in tactical networks.

DATASOFT CORP.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road, #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Larry Dunst
ARMY 08-108      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Software Defined Radio Tool Suite
Abstract:The DataSoft Core Framework Analysis Tool (DSCFAT) and the DataSoft SCA-SDR Probe (DSSP) will provide Software Defined Radio programs new diagnostic capabilities that synthesize the processes to accurately estimate software complexity, porting metrics, and provide detailed real-time online standards compliant SCA-SDR signal processing diagnostics and events data in a unified manner to reduce overall SCA-SDR system integration costs in producing the networked JTRS – SCA SDR based GIG. The DataSoft approach does not re-invent the wheel and reuses and builds upon existing rigorous certification tools and processes that form the backbone of SCA compliant JTRS solutions such the JTel’s JTRS Test Application (JTAP) and Waveform Test Tool (WTT/WFT) tool- suites. Our analytics are applied to and build upon the workings and the results of those tools. DSCFAT utilizes an aspect oriented approach, reverse aspects, and industry standard measures of complexity to characterize the CF and WF via meta models and to visualize the underlying data structures via a formalized methodology. DSSP demonstrates the viability of a probe conduit based upon existing tool libraries and proven non-intrusive methods to present diagnostic data on performance and standards compliance without voiding any certifications.

XENOTRAN CORP.
513 Progress Drive Suite M
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 636-3006
Kevin Page
ARMY 08-108      Awarded: 12/22/2008
Title:Software Defined Radio Tool Suite
Abstract:The Xenotran Corporation and PrismTech Solutions Americas Inc. (PSA) (the “Team”) along with the U.S. Government proposes to design and develop a comprehensive Software Defined Radio (SDR) tool suite to aid in the development, porting, integration, debugging and analysis of waveform software. This tool suite is comprised of two tools, a Core Framework (CF) Analysis Tool and a SDR Diagnostic Tool. The purpose of the CF Analysis Tool is to assist SDR waveform and platform developers (as well as those responsible for certification of SDRs) in the evaluation and quantification of waveform performance, waveform software porting risks, integration characteristics and risk impacts associated with the interaction of waveform software, radio platform services and devices, and CF. The SDR Diagnostic Tool characterizes waveform performance data and standards compliance and provides run-time analysis, monitoring and debugging support for both waveform and platform software executing on a target radio system. Initially, the tool suite targets the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) Software Communications Architecture (SCA) and will be designed to accommodate emerging and future SDR standards (e.g. the Object Management Group’s (OMG) SW Radio standard).

ENIG ASSOC., INC.
12501 Prosperity Drive Suite 340
Silver Spring, MD 20904
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 680-8600
Cesar J. Monzon
ARMY 08-109      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Enhanced Magnetic Communications
Abstract:We propose a new communications technology based on exploiting of the characteristics of propagation of evanescent waves, which typically are the non propagating part of the field. Here we demonstrate that evanescent fields do acquire semi-propagating characteristics in the presence of losses. In other words, we found that what is a hindrance for propagating waves happens to be a blessing for evanescent fields. Our main interest is in establishing broadband and low loss links. The lossy material environment will provide us with an optimum evanescent wave spectrum, and an antenna (eminently magnetic) will be designed so as to radiate the desired spectrum. We propose Metamaterials to enable us design an efficient miniature antenna. This is an important point, as the low frequencies require electrically very small antennas, which translate into high Q (narrowband operation) and low efficiencies (results of the so-called Harrington- Chu limitation). Our interest is in building a practical structure, and although our focus is in achieving a dramatic increase in communication range, our preference is for a rugged structure that can withstands the demands of underground or emergency environments; hence we will evaluate implementation aspects, as well as computationally assess the overall performance of the system.

FERRO SOLUTIONS, INC.
5 Constitution Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-7878
Robert O'Handley
ARMY 08-109      Awarded: 11/3/2008
Title:Enhanced Magnetic Communications
Abstract:Magnetostrictive electroactive (ME) composite element as magnetic receiving antenna for near-field magnetic communication is proposed. ME element is comprsed of lamination of a magnetostrictive material and piezoelectric material. Magnetrostrictive material exhibits magnetstriction that strains under magnetic field. In a ME element, magnetrostrictive material is mechanically coupled to piezoelectric material, thus resulting a superior mutual magnetic-electrical coupling. The ME element, similar to quartz crystal oscillator, also resonate when driven at its resonance frequency from electrical or magnetic excitations. Coupled mode theory was used to revile the fundamentals of the proposed technique. The theoretical results shows that if the transmit (inductive loop coil) and receive antennas (ME element) are tuned to the same resonance frequency, it would potentially great enhance the signal strength and increase communication distance. Further, using back-scattering of the ME element to communicate to the loop antenna is proposed for applications where the battery life is critical. through coupled resonance mode to achieve longer communication distance, faster data rate and smaller size of the equipment. In addition, the ME device is totally passive; the power consumption of the system is expected to be very low.

MMICMAN, LLC
826 N. Red Robin St.
Orange, CA 92869
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 980-3039
Rick Sturdivant
ARMY 08-110      Awarded: 11/13/2008
Title:Gallium Nitride Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit Power Amplifier
Abstract:Current SATCOM On The Move (OTM) amplifiers have fairly low Power Added Efficiency, about 15%. This results in high operating temperatures as well as high Size Weight and Power requirements. A high power amplifier using GaN can result in a 3-10X reduction in the size of the power amplifier and an increase of 2X in power added efficiency. Current solutions rely on gallium arsenide (GaAs) or indium phosphide (InP) for the high power amplifier (HPA). This is due to the high transition frequency (Ft) of these materials. However, the power density of these materials requires the use large device sizes to achieve a desired output power. This results in less efficient HPAs. As a result, these devices do not meet requirements. The goal of this program is to prove the feasibility of a Ka Band GaN based high power amplifier for SatCom on the Move systems. MMICMAN will use its extensive experience in the design and manufacture of GaN-based MMIC HPAs at S and X-Band to facilitate the design in this proposal.

HYPRES., INC.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Deepnarayan Gupta
ARMY 08-111      Awarded: 11/14/2008
Title:Radio Frequency Digital to Analog Converter and Signal Combiner
Abstract:Modern radio frequency (RF) communication systems require more efficient and flexible use of wider bandwidths at higher carrier frequencies, which can be achieved only by direct digital representation of the RF signal itself. New advances in ultrafast superconductor circuits enable digital-RF technology extending all the way to microwave SATCOM bands (X, Ka, and EHF). Previously, HYPRES built and delivered to US Army CERDEC a superconducting digital-RF X-Band receiver, clocked above 30 GHz, and demonstrated reception of signals from XTAR, DSCS, and WGS satellites. The present project focuses on the development of two critical components of a digital-RF SATCOM: (1) a digital-RF signal combiner, and (2) an RF digital-to-analog converter (RF-DAC). Phase I will focus on the development of practical system architectures that optimize the tradeoffs between circuit complexity and speed, bits and bandwidth, superconductor and semiconductor, cryogenic and uncooled, and digital and analog. The chosen designs will be laid out in the Phase I Option, and fabricated and tested during Phase II. They will then be packaged with other circuit components and integrated with a compact cryocooler to form a complete digital-RF transceiver for SATCOM and other applications.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 08-112      Awarded: 12/9/2008
Title:Conformal Omni-Directional Antenna Design for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
Abstract:The proliferation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in DoD’s fleet has created a serious need for lightweight, airborne conformal antennas that cover numerous frequency bands. Shadow 200 is a great example of a high performance, exceptionally versatile UAV system which is finding use among nearly all DoD services. This airframe’s ever-expanding set of functions requires a fresh approach to antenna design that is a departure from the traditional function-specific bolt-on antenna. There is an urgent demand for low-frequency vertically polarized antennas for the Shadow UAV and similarly sized vehicles. Commercially available aviation antenna products are too heavy with an unacceptably large aerodynamic cross section for use aboard Shadow. FIRST RF’s proposed antenna technology uses planar wideband antenna apertures to provide a vertically polarized omni-directional beam. The proposed concept combines the practicality of existing antenna designs with a novel application approach to provide airborne SINCGARS and EPLRS coverage from a conformal antenna. FIRST RF’s proposed antenna design exceeds the gain specification of -15 dBi by a wide margin, and yet produces no drag to the vehicle and requires no protrusion into the existing airframe. This technology holds tremendous commercialization potential due to its practicality, conformality, high gain and wide bandwidth.

STAR-H CORP.
1853 William Penn Way
Lancaster, PA 17605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 353-8311
Brian A. Herrold
ARMY 08-112      Awarded: 12/11/2008
Title:Conformal Antenna system for UAV Communications Relay
Abstract:STAR-H, in partnership with Professor James K. Breakall of The Pennsylvania State University, is uniquely positioned for success in this program. STAR-H has considerable experience is the design of flight antennas, electrically-small antennas and UAV antenna systems. In addition, The Shadow UAV communications relay system for which STAR-H was the antenna designer has been named one of the “Top Ten Inventions of 2007” by the Army. STAR-H proposes to develop an antenna solution termed the CASUCR (Conformal Antenna system for UAV Communications Relay). While many small companies responding to this solicitation may be able offer innovative antenna solutions, simulation of antenna performance during dynamic UAV movements, UAV flight-heritage within their team, or the experience and knowledge necessary to design conformal or very wideband flight-qualified antennas, few, if any, will be able to offer a total package with all of these critical elements so well accounted for. STAR-H can. In addition, only STAR-H can claim such a level of experience with design of SINCGARS antennas for the Shadow UAV. STAR-H feels that this unique combination of skills, experience, and resources spanning all those things needed for success in this effort provides a compelling case for the funding of this proposal.

ADVANCED ACOUSTIC CONCEPTS, INC.
425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 872-0024
Sebastian Pascarelle
ARMY 08-113      Awarded: 10/21/2008
Title:Acoustic Detection and Verification of Intrusions against Military Facilities
Abstract:Large military installations and training complexes are difficult to secure because they consist of largely remote and/or unoccupied areas that are open to trespassers and contain numerous sites of localized high-value assets that are vulnerable to vandalism. An acoustic surveillance system that can recognize human activity and provide much needed intelligence information to security officers could help to secure these facilities. Advanced Acoustic Concepts (AAC) proposes a surveillance system that can process acoustic data at the sensor and determine the existence of speech or vehicle noise, and then send the data back to an operator to assess the threat. AAC will leverage a biologically-based acoustic classification technology and a power efficient signal processing architecture to provide a system that can meet the needs of large military complexes. The Phase 1 effort will focus on the proof of concept of the automated acoustic classification capability, and will include cost, power, and performance trade-off studies to determine the optimal system hardware and communications technology. AAC is well-positioned to execute this study due to numerous related past and present development efforts that can be leveraged.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
ARMY 08-113      Awarded: 10/17/2008
Title:Acoustic Surveillance System
Abstract:The military needs better methods of monitoring remote facilities to protect them against burglary and vandalism. Many of these facilities cover large areas, contain numerous buildings and other valuable assets, and are at high risk for theft. New acoustic monitoring technologies are needed that will allow deployment of large numbers of low- cost, autonomous sensors. Each sensor must provide reliable detection of sounds caused by speech and motor vehicles, while operating under battery power for extended periods. The goal of this project is development of a novel acoustic surveillance system that overcomes the limitations of existing systems through the use of an innovative hardware design and novel data processing algorithms. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the primary features of the system and conduct a high-level design of a fully field-deployable system. During Phase II we will develop complete systems and deliver them to the Army for evaluation and field testing.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Thomas J Plummer
ARMY 08-113      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Acoustic Detection and Verification of Intrusions against Military Facilities
Abstract:This SBIR project will develop a complete unattended ground sensor (UGS) system for the detection and verification of personnel and vehicle intrusions at military facilities. McQ will build upon its extensive experience with UGS sensors. We will use our OmniSense® UGS system as a platform for the demonstration of this advanced capability. We will build upon the advanced acoustic speech and vehicle detection algorithms that are already a part of this and other McQ UGS systems. We will expand the capabilities of our current algorithms to improve their probability of detection while at the same time improving their ability to reject acoustic signals and noise that are not related to the intended targets. As part of Phase I we will evaluate variants of our speech activity detection schemes that include both energy based and feature based detection methods. We will also evaluate extensions to our fundamental and harmonic vehicle detection methods and also investigate velocity based and spatial based discriminators. Lastly, we will investigate Amry base communications constraints and develop a proposed approach for integrating them into OmniSense®. All of this will result in a special variant of the system that will be production ready by the end of Phase II.

WILLIAMS-PYRO, INC.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Chris Stimek
ARMY 08-113      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Acoustic Detection and Verification of Intrusions against Military Facilities
Abstract:Current surveillance systems often use mounted cameras to capture video imagery and a range of sophisticated sensors and stand-alone security devices. These current surveillance systems are often point solutions based on a centralized architecture for surveillance applications. Point solution systems use a single control agent to coordinate the actions of the independent sensors. The manpower needed to monitor these systems is exorbitant, requiring expensive camera systems and personnel to weed out false alarms. In response to these needs, Williams-Pyro, Inc., proposes to develop an autonomous exterior sensor system triggered exclusively by speech or vehicle noise, for alerting security personnel of possible break-in or trespass in military facilities. This network of portable, distributed, intrusion detection sensors discriminates between acoustic sources of interest (speech, vehicle noise) and background noise. When a valid target is detected a sound snippet is sent to security personnel for verification, eliminating the need for costly camera systems. Additionally the system will use acoustic arrays capable of determining a bearing to the target, which will be used by higher level processing to determine the target’s location. This capability can also be used to disregard false alarms from unrestricted or noisy areas.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
William E. Audette
ARMY 08-114      Awarded: 10/24/2008
Title:Urban Seismic Surveillance System
Abstract:Lack of situational awareness in urban environments is a significant problem. In-city ground assets are vulnerable and airborne assets are expensive and limited. Seismic surveillance using offset arrays offers a solution that is persistent, stealthy, defendable, and relatively inexpensive. Difficulties, though, include detecting anomalous activity within the high levels of background activity and localizing any anomalous activity once detected. The goal of this program is to address these two difficulties through the development of a novel seismic surveillance system that utilizes novel signal processing methods to aid in anomaly detection and uses geophysical modeling to aid in improved array design. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the primary anomaly detection algorithms and propose an array design optimized for this application. This work lays the foundation for a full-scale array to be delivered during Phase II.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
ARMY 08-114      Awarded: 10/24/2008
Title:Urban Noise Signature Analysis
Abstract:To address the Army need for innovative signal processing technology to characterize spatial and temporal urban baseline acoustic and seismic noise for early warning of threat development in urban zones of interest, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Urban Noise Signature Analysis (UNSA) technology based on a frequency-adapted autocomparison of time series signals in a sliding window. The proposed technology incorporates POC’s innovative adaptive system architecture, which is self optimizing for characterization of baseline noise to identify anomalous events in variable characteristic time intervals such as minutes, hours, days, or weeks. The novel use of sequential local correlation (comparison) algorithms will identify anomalous events in different time scales. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of UNSA technology for simulating background noise signals interfering with a single or several anomalous sources. These models will be used for evaluation of algorithms for anomaly detection. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a sensor system, including software for anomaly detection and beamforming for localization of anomalous sources.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Aram Faghfouri
ARMY 08-114      Awarded: 10/24/2008
Title:Enhanced Event Detection with Seismic Listening Sensors
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop innovative statistical data processing and analysis methods for detecting anomalous urban seismic activities. A five-step process is employed: 1) the vibration signal is segmented by a sliding-window and its noise reduced; 2) wavelet and spectral analyses detect nonstationary and cyclic patterns, respectively; 3) statistical properties such as mean, variance, and energy of each set of coefficients, in addition to the frequencies corresponding with the largest coefficients of the spectral analyses, form primary feature arrays (PFAs). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) applied to PFAs reduces their size and yields secondary feature arrays (SFAs). Classification of the SFAs using a classification fusion of K- means and self–organizing feature maps provides cluster centers that represent the SFAs of typical vibration activities; 4) the cluster centers are used as the states of a Markov chain with memory. Low probability state transitions are translated as anomalous vibration activities and will be reported; 5) sequential F-statistics will be used to find event locations. Performance of the algorithms (Pd vs. Pfa) will be investigated by adding different noise levels and anomalous vibrations to the signal and we expect Pd>90% and Pfa<1%.

SR2 GROUP, LLC
Suite A 13506 Collingwood Terrace
Silver Spring, MD 20904
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 388-0833
Jeffrey M. Sieracki
ARMY 08-114      Awarded: 10/24/2008
Title:Adaptive Processor for Large Area Urban-Noise Characterization, Signature Extraction, Detection, and Localization
Abstract:Robust signature detection in noisy, inhomogeneous environments is depends upon extracting identifiable components from available data. Urban areas present a demanding setting; multi-path reflections, frequency-dependent attenuation, and local resonances degrade and mask the target signal. SR2 Group’s solution is based on proprietary processing that can improve signature detection and localization in target environments. Our technology is robust to distortion and coherence issues that confound conventional methods. It incorporates mechanisms that significantly reduce dimensionality without sacrificing decisive signal information. We attack four goals: extracting signature data from collections of known signals, dimensionality reduction, detecting signatures in novel signals, and localizing sources in space with ad-hoc arrays; we propose to demonstrate each. Phase I establishes viability of the processing methods and benchmarks performance in comparison to other classical and emerging methods, leading to recommendations for a Phase II demonstrator. SR2 Group has teaming relationships with The Norbert Wiener Center for Harmonic Analysis and Applications at the University of Maryland and with a national electronics device manufacturer. The effort will achieve a processing architecture tailored to wide area urban surveillance. Proposed technology is also applicable to unattended ground sensors, event-alert detectors, and other acoustic monitoring systems where robust, autonomous signature detection is demanded.

L. C. PEGASUS CORP.
10 Bedford Drive
Basking Ridge, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 781-0393
Thomas E. Koscica
ARMY 08-115      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Fast-Scan, High-Performance, Portable Imaging Spectrometer for Chemical-Biological Sensing
Abstract:It is proposed to design and develop a fast, high-performance, portable, field-operable chemical-biological imaging-sensing system, which consists of a spectrometer and a “system-on-a-chip” data acquisition, processing, and analysis unit. The proposed system will possess a significantly enhanced ability to detect and selectively analyze chemical and biological agents, through the integration of a portable Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer and high-performance field programmable gate array (FPGA) technologies. The resulting system is small in size, rugged in design, easy to use, and consumes minimal power.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher M. Gittins
ARMY 08-115      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:High Throughput Processor for Imaging FTIR Spectrometers
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and evaluate three conceptual designs for fast, high throughput processing electronics for use with imaging Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers. The processing architecture concepts will be developed around Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) and Cell Broadband Engine (Cell BE) processors. In the Phase I program, we will develop conceptual designs and conduct feasibility and performance simulations of associated hardware. The hardware function will be to convert interferograms into radiometricly-calibrated spectra and to apply detection algorithms to render detection decisions, i.e., decide “threat absent” or “threat present”, with respect to a set of specified threat agents using the calibrated data. Detection decisions will be made using a spectral-matching-based detection algorithm. Hardware concepts will be developed to support processing of thousands of 4 cm-1 resolution spectra at rates >100 Hz and will be compatible with FTIR operation in harsh environments, e.g., extreme environmental conditions and high vibration environments characteristic of military vehicles and aircraft.

CREARE, INC.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael G. Izenson
ARMY 08-116      Awarded: 11/14/2008
Title:Self-Powered Microclimate Cooling System
Abstract:Microclimate cooling is a critical need for soldiers serving in hot climates. Power requirements for conventional cooling approaches can add considerable battery mass to the system, since refrigeration consumes a large amount of power and systems must run for four or more hours without recharge. We propose to develop an innovative, lightweight microclimate cooling system that includes an integral power source that shares components with the refrigeration process and adds very little mass to the system. Overall, the self-powered microclimate cooling system promises to meet the Army’s challenging goals for cooling, size, and weight. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach through proof-of-concept demonstrations of the key components and thermal/fluid design of a prototype system. In Phase II we will demonstrate a full-size prototype cooling system designed to meet the Army’s specifications.

CUBE TECHNOLOGY
2987 W. Elliot Rd.
Chandler, AZ 85224
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 497-8400
Daniel S. Marshall
ARMY 08-116      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Integrated Power-Microclimate Cooling System for the Soldier
Abstract:This program is expected to result in a significant reduction in mass of a miniature power and microclimate cooling system for the soldier compared to two independent systems. The highly integrated, and innovative approach chosen for this project will result in a gravity-independent microclimate cooling system with high coefficient of performance an minimum weight. The integrated power system will create significant excess power and have higher energy density than lithium technology batteries over extended missions. The combined system re-uses or integrates virtually every element of either an independent power generation system or microclimate cooling system. The result is a very compact dual use device capable of being worn by the soldier.

OCT MEDICAL IMAGING, INC.
C/o Nate weiner, 11 vista Tramonto 11 vista Tramonto, Newport coast
Irvine, CA 92657
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 254-4962
T.s. Ramalingam
ARMY 08-117      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Imaging Device for the Assessment of Airways in Combat Casualties with Inhalation Injury due to Burns, Smoke, or Toxic Gases
Abstract:For early inhalation injury diagnosis, currently, clinicians rely on bronchoscopy and relatively rudimentary clinical findings to make critical clinical decisions regarding prophylactic intubation and ventilator support. Assessing extent of impending airway swelling that often develops, including vessel hyperemia, edema, and sloughing of tracheal ciliated columnar epithelium are very important to clinical decision making. Measuring these functional and structural changes from within the lumen of airway during bronchoscopy is difficult because many of these changes occur in sub-mucosa at microscopic level. To solve these problems, OCT medical Imaging Inc (OCTMI), propose to develop and test an advanced light-based, fiber-optic imaging system using, platform imaging technology known as optical coherence tomography (OCT). Using eight licensed issued patents, OCTMI will develop a 3D real-time, field-deployable, cost-effective system that will detect not only structural changes at high resolution but also will be capable of quantitatively measuring structural and functional changes in submucosa using Doppler OCT and polarization sensitive OCT technologies. Once fully developed, clinicians using these systems will be able to accurately, objectively, and reproducibly assess clinically critical structural and functional information for early diagnosis, monitoring, and assessment of treatment response in the airway from combat injuries due to exposure to toxic gases, burns, and smoke.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Nicusor V. Iftimia
ARMY 08-117      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging System for Inhalation Injury Assessment and Therapy Guidance
Abstract:The main objective of this research program is to develop and validate a novel imaging technology for inhalation injury assessment. Currently, bronchoscopy is considered the "gold standard" for early evaluation of upper airway injury. However, bronchoscopy lacks subsusurface tissue information and cannot provide any functional information, like blood flow, blood oxygenation, etc., which are essential for airway injury diagnosis and therapy progress evaluation. Therefore, a technology capable of providing additional morphological and functional information could be used in correlation with bronchoscopy to improve the clinical outcome of inhalation injury patients. Physical Sciences, Inc., proposes to develop a novel technology that will allow for more accurate evaluation of inhalation injury gravity. This technology, based on optical coherence tomography imaging, will provide the surgeon with real-time feedback about the morphological appearance of the injured tissue, as well as functional data like vasodilation and blood flow. The Phase I study will determine the feasibility of the proposed technology for epithelial airway imaging. In Phase II, a rugged, compact, user-friendly, field-deployable prototype will be developed and tested on patients at Shriners Burn Hospital, Boston, MA.

AGAVE BIOSYSTEMS, INC.
P.O. Box 80010
Austin, TX 78708
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Kathie Berghorn
ARMY 08-118      Awarded: 10/20/2008
Title:Branched DNA Diagnostic for Malaria Parasites
Abstract:The key to effective management of malaria is accurate diagnosis that is also rapid. The “gold standard” microscopy is time-consuming and labor-intensive and suffers from retirement of microscopic diagnostic experts and inaccurate slide reading. A field- deployable diagnostic method that is specific for the different malaria parasites and is capable of quickly processing potential patients would be highly valuable for the treatment process. The identification of parasite specific RNAs has great potential as a biomarker for diagnosis of malaria. A parasite-specific and highly sensitive diagnostic method that is rapid will allow for the accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment regime for malaria. In this Phase I, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop a fast, fluorescent RNA diagnostic assay utilizing branched DNA signal amplification for rapid detection and analysis of malaria parasites P. falciparum and P. vivax.

AKRON RUBBER DEVELOPMENT LABORATORY, INC.
2887 Gilchrist Rd
Akron, OH 44305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(330) 794-6600
Ana Barbur
ARMY 08-118      Awarded: 10/15/2008
Title:Malaria Diagnostic Methods to Replace Microscopy in Clinical Trials
Abstract:Developing a robust and accurate test for the detection of malaria continues to be an elusive challenge.1,2 The objective of this proposal is to develop an innovative approach to the diagnosis of malaria that is very specific and sensitive for detecting the presence of malaria parasites in red blood cells (RBC). This approach could potentially be more effective than the current microscopic and rapid detection tests that seem to have issues with both false positives and negatives. A novel approach is necessary to explore other untapped avenues and identify a new methodology to achieve this objective. As ARDL, Inc.’s newly established division, ARDL Pharmaceutical Services Lab is uniquely positioned to address this objective. Phase I would consist of characterization of extracts of standard RBC that contain the malaria parasite, Plasmodium. Phase II of the proposal would then be focused on translating the results from the Phase I proof of principle demonstration into a robust method with the ultimate goal to develop a simple, low cost, modular type test that could be used for diagnostic purposes in remote areas of the world.

QUANTASPEC, INC.
PO Box 163
Essex Junction, VT 05453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 878-8410
Kenneth A. Puzey
ARMY 08-118      Awarded: 11/1/2008
Title:Malaria Diagnostic Methods to Replace Microscopy in Clinical Trials
Abstract:This project will adapt QuantaSpec's FDA funded research to develop a highly specific and sensitive test to detect malaria parasitemia using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, this test will be rapid, automated, inexpensive, reagent-less and highly accurate. Malaria incapacitates a significant number of soldiers in endemic regions and can cause casualties. Better methods for malaria diagnosis are needed for clinical diagnostics, drug screening, and field use. QuantaSpec's technology offers numerous significant advantages over traditional approaches. These advantages can provide more accurate diagnosis sooner and at lower cost improving patient outcomes, reducing costs and accelerating drug screening.

ISS, INC.
1602 Newton Drive
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 359-8681
Dennis Hueber
ARMY 08-119      Awarded: 10/23/2008
Title:Compact quantitative near infrared device for combat casualty care
Abstract:The early recognition of severe hemorrhage is a key factor towards reducing mortality and morbidity from battlefield insults. Although near-infrared (NIR) instruments have shown promise in recognizing hemorrhage, specific confounding factors must be solved to be reliable in early hemorrhage. Our hypothesis is that these confounding factors can be eliminated by proper light-tissue interaction modeling (frequency-domain photon migration), and by increasing spectral (1000 wavelengths) and temporal (200 ms) bandwidth. The objective of this proposal is to provide a compact point-of-care NIR instrument that is capable of quantitatively detecting early hemorrhage and monitoring therapeutic interventions. Our proposal features collaboration between (1) a leading biomedical technology company (ISS, Inc., Champaign, IL) that produces state-of-the-art NIR tissue oximeters, operates production facilities and has FDA submission experience, and (2) a university research team (Beckman Laser Institute, UC Irvine), with tissue optics experts who have experience in the assessment of traumatic injury via NIR optical methods. The existing ISS oximeter will be modified to increase information content that will solve the confounding factors. At the conclusion of Phase I, we will provide a unique NIR instrument that will be available for comprehensive validation and optimization studies (Phase II) and subsequent commercial miniaturization (Phase III).

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Pl, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Anya Asanbaeva
ARMY 08-119      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Muscle Tissue Oxygenation Monitoring (MTOM) System
Abstract:Adequate resuscitation of patients from shock states depends on rapid diagnosis of oxygen insufficiency and restoration of oxygen delivery to tissues. To address the Army’s need for a method to evaluate the state of oxygen transport at the end-organ level in the trauma patient, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new, noninvasive, multiwavelength NIRS-based device for Muscle Tissue Oxygenation Monitoring (MTOM). The MTOM system will utilize a frequency domain photon migration method to quantitatively determine absolute tissue absorption and scattering parameters at four different wavelengths. The concentrations of hemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and cytochrome oxidase in the tissue are then determined from the absorption coefficients. Total hemoglobin and oxygen saturation in tissue (StO^2) are then calculated to allow evaluation of the patient’s state of oxygen transport by medical personnel. This novel system design is ruggedized, field-deployable, and requires minimal training in order to operate; thus, making MTOM compatible with combat critical care applications. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MTOM by testing the system with tissue phantoms. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an optimized MTOM prototype and demonstrate its performance in an animal model.

HSTAR TECHNOLOGIES
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
ARMY 08-120      Awarded: 10/21/2008
Title:An Integrated Physical Therapy/ Rehabilitation Robotic System for Military Healthcare Enhancement
Abstract:Hstar proposes propose an integrated reconfigurable haptic feedback rehabilitation robot (RehaBot) system using SEA (series elastic actuators) that a) allows multiple reconfigurable and progressive rehabilitation training procedures for upper and lower limbs, b) provides telepresence rehabilitation training consultation and remote supervision, c) creates gait retraining scenarios for variable ambulatory tasks (e.g. stair climbing, ascending a ramp) and types of terrain, d) supports advanced safety and intervention through haptic feedback and real-time monitoring, e) realizes a compact and multifunction platform integration. No robotic system currently exists that would meet all of these needs. Our primary innovation is a reconfigurable haptic feedback non-treadmill rehabilitation robotic system using built-in safety actuator technology SEA. Our technology also includes virtual reality, programmable and reconfigurable training procedures under variable terrain scenarios such as a selected set of terrains for walking and different tasks for arm reaching and grasping. The system supports progressive training via computer control and optimization. The RehaBot uses a non-treadmill robotic training platform in control of the lower limbs which facilitates the simulation of training on variable terrains. The system would also provide upper limb robot training functions.

DRAGONFLY PICTURES, INC.
PO Box 202 West End of Second Street
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 324-4654
Bob Rellim
ARMY 08-121      Awarded: 10/15/2008
Title:Unmanned Ground & Air System for CBRNE Contaminated Personnel Recovery
Abstract:Research is proposed to investigate the feasibility of using a number of small, mobile ground robots to carry out search and recovery missions in conjunction with unmanned aircraft. This innovative approach marks a departure from the alternative monolithic ground systems currently being funded for casualty evacuation. Simulations will validate the essential elements of multiple air and ground robots collaborating to operate, plan, search, locate, lift, tow, and communicate in complex environments. Research will provide the technology to enable autonomous unmanned helicopters to acquire and carry external payloads (other robots and remains) to and from the loading zone. Results will motivate a Phase II demonstration of finding, classifying, collecting, and transporting remains of people contaminated with chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) elements, to be completed in conjunction with the Combat Medic UAV Program flight demonstrations.

PIASECKI AIRCRAFT CORP.
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick W. Piasecki
ARMY 08-121      Awarded: 10/2/2008
Title:Unmanned Ground & Air System for CBRNE Contaminated Personnel Recovery
Abstract:The solicited objective is to develop a design concept for a collaborative UAS / UGS system to recover casualties and remains from CBRNE contaminated areas. The primary challenge in developing the design concept lies in the integration of aerial and ground unmanned systems to an extent that has not been accomplished before. The effort will start with development of a CBRNE personnel recovery mission-oriented Concept of Operations (CONOPS), from which requirements will be derived for the design concept. The requirements will form the basis for parameters in trade studies which will be used to arrive at decisions on the most cost effective design attributes. As the design concept evolves, its feasibility will be validated by modeling and simulation. Additionally, component demonstrations will be conducted using simulations, breadboards and actual hardware. Finally two plans will be prepared. One will be a Prototype Development Plan and the other will be a Test and Evaluation Plan to support prototype demonstrations in Phase II.

NANOHMICS, INC.
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Steve Savoy
ARMY 08-122      Awarded: 10/23/2008
Title:Multiplexed Assay for the Detection of Wound-related Pathogens
Abstract:Wound-related pathogens (WRPs) are a major challenge affecting the care of injured soldiers. Infection caused by WRPs leads to morbidity and can lead to mortality if appropriate care is not administered in a timely fashion. Therefore, rapid identification of wound related bloodstream infections in the field is critical for early medical treatment decisions. Few options exist for field-deployable medical diagnostic instrumentation to rapidly detect WRPs before associated infections become systematic. Current methods for WRP diagnostics require trained technicians and a dedicated laboratory space to perform the necessary assays and cultures. In order to ensure that treatment is provided as rapid as possible, methods that will enable compact, highly multiplexed testing of genetic information be it human or microbial in a field deployable device is required. To this end, Nanohmics, working in collaboration with Atactic Technologies, proposes to develop a multiplex genetic diagnostics platform for Wound-Related Pathogen (WRP) detection that operates on the principle of label free, direct electrical detection of nucleic acids.

QUANTASPEC, INC.
PO Box 163
Essex Junction, VT 05453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 878-8410
Kenneth A. Puzey
ARMY 08-122      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Multiplexed Assay for the Detection of Wound-related Pathogens
Abstract:This project will develop a bench-top system for the rapid identification of bloodstream infections. Rapid accurate infectious diagnostic systems are needed to identify effective therapy, reduce mortality, morbidity, and treatment costs. QuantaSpec will adapt its FDA funded work to develop a rapid automated accurate infection identification system based on FTIR spectroscopy. FTIR spectroscopy is inexpensive requiring no reagents and minimal sample preparation. QuantaSpec has demonstrated 100% accuracy in identifying micro-organisms at the species and sub-species level using FTIR. Furthermore, the capability to identify new organisms can be rapidly added with software updates. This system is urgently needed to save the lives of combat casualties.

OCEANIT LABORATORIES, INC.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Thomas Hasling
ARMY 08-123      Awarded: 11/15/2008
Title:Prodrugs
Abstract:Prodrug-based drug delivery systems have the promise to augment the efficacy of compounds with limited bioavailability to solid tumors. We propose a unique approach for a targeted prodrug delivery system. The system has the potential to deliver other therapeutic agents as well. We propose to explore the feasibility of this novel approach towards enhancing the efficacy of therapeutic agents for breast and prostate cancer. The ultimate goal is to demonstrate increased bioavailability at the tumor site and decreased toxicity to the patient.

TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Chris Pavlos
ARMY 08-123      Awarded: 11/3/2008
Title:Prodrugs
Abstract:Cancer, the second leading cause of death in the United States, is diagnosed in more than one million people per year. Radiation and chemotherapy are systemically toxic treatments that indiscriminately kill healthy cells and cancer cells alike. Chemotherapy could be significantly improved by selectively targeting cancer cells. Prodrugs, chemotherapeutic precursors that become active either over time or at a target site, are of interest here. Most prodrugs benefit from either increased temporal control (timed release), or increased spatial control (targeted release). However, very few prodrugs have both temporal and spatial control. TRI/Austin is proposing to develop a prodrug based on a conjugate of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and Floxuridine that can be activated by UV light. The PEG renders the prodrug completely non-toxic. Due to the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect of PEG conjugates in solid tumors, the prodrug will selectively accumulate in cancer tissue. Once activated by UV light, Floxuridine is released and signals apoptosis. The PEG byproduct, as well as any un-activated prodrug, is eventually cleared from the body. This approach minimizes the systemic toxicity of common chemotherapeutics, and can be applied to most existing cancer drugs.

ADHERENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
9621 Camino del Sol NE
Albuquerque, NM 87111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 346-1685
Jan-Michael Gosau
ARMY 08-124      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Foam-based Vehicle Arresting System
Abstract:The threat of explosive-laden vehicles driving in close proximity to military installations has been a major concern since the attacks on the USMC headquarters in Beirut in 1983. The large quantity of explosive a single truck can carry combined with the sheer power of a heavy vehicle driven at high speed makes it a dangerous weapon and a challenge to stop without massive barriers. The ideal vehicle arresting system is mobile, concealed, and can be installed and removed quickly. Adherent Technologies, Inc. (ATI) has developed a number of extremely fast deploying foam systems that can fulfill these requirements. Based on these foams, ATI will develop a Foam Vehicle Arresting System (FVAS) in this Phase I project. It will consist of low profile containers, each containing enough foam base to generate several cubic meters of high-strength foam. The foam will instantly disable the vehicle by plugging all engine intakes and blocking the steering mechanism. The foam will then stop the vehicle by absorbing its kinetic energy. Lastly, it will leave the driver trapped inside an encapsulated vehicle, with no means of orientation. Depending on the threat situation, foam ejection can be activated by remote control or automatically through pressure sensor cables, radar, or light barriers.

Space Hardware Optimization Technology, Inc.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Bill Johnson
ARMY 08-124      Awarded: 11/7/2008
Title:Highly Agile Command Deployable Vehicle Arresting System
Abstract:SHOT proposes an innovative vehicle arresting system designed for quick setup, unimpeded traffic flow, fast activation, and tremendous arresting power in a non-lethal manner. The proposed innovation uses cables, ground anchors, and an actuator mechanism combined in a novel way by SHOT’s multi-disciplined engineering team to create a fast, strong, deployable system providing our soldiers with a valuable new tool. The proposed system is light enough for transport between locations in one truck. It can be set up in less than hour by a squad level detail. It is easily camouflaged. In addition, the “instant” activation provides a stand-off capability and easy adaptation to a variety of automated activation systems. Further, the innovation is designed to easily link together multiple units in stages for expanded width and/or depth. Side by side attachment expands the width for larger avenues. Staged in depth, tremendous arresting power can be obtained. Initially, the activated section appears un-daunting and minimal damage would be applied to a complying vehicle. If the barrier is engaged, the force of the vehicle is used to activate the remaining stages, much like a web would respond to intrusion. Hence, the concept is named the “Steel Web”.

TiaLinx, Inc.
1100 Quail Street, Suite 205
Newport Beach, CA 92660
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 856-2175
Fred Mohamadi
ARMY 08-125      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Advance Antenna and Processing Solutions for Multi-Functional Target Detection System
Abstract:In response to this SBIR Phase I solicitation, TiaLinx proposes innovative antenna array solutions by implementing the antenna array built on a low dielectric band composed of sub-arrays using monolithic processing steps. Furthermore the design of the antenna array has been addressed by focusing in system implementation aspects.

Zimmerman Associates, Inc. (ZAI)
9302 Lee Highway Suite 600
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 883-0506
Bomono Emessiene
ARMY 08-125      Awarded: 10/31/2008
Title:Advance Antenna and Processing Solutions for Multi-Functional Target Detection System
Abstract:Advances have been made in the radar detection of IED/EFPs. However, multiple targets are detected in a clutter rich environment. Current radar systems cannot discriminate a threat from a non-threat, therefore all detections must be treated as potential threats and either remediated or avoided. This proposal proposes a system for improved radar target detection, discrimination and target identification capabilities which will be capable of detecting and identifying IEDs, EFPs, and weapons/ammunition hidden in walls, floors, or in the ground. ZAI will combine technology advances in MIR/UWB waveforms, fulpol antenna designs, cross correlation processing, and pattern matching techniques. The new array antenna and cross correlation software will be used to determine the pose and dimensionality of the unknown object. This data will be compared with stored templates of expected threat objects stored in memory in all possible aspect angles. It will be a two channel, MIR/UWB, forward looking, push broom synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system. The design goal road speed will be 20 KPH. If successful, the proposed system will reduce the false alarm rate and provide for more efficient and effective tactical operations.

BARRON ASSOC., INC.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Todd A. Summers
ARMY 08-126      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Improved Mini Ku-Band Antenna for TDL
Abstract:TCDL systems provide forward-deployed ground and airborne platforms with high-rate communication capabilities, supporting vital tactical data links. Currently, omni-directional TCDL antennas employed on airborne platforms maintain link closure for level flight, but struggle to maintain the link through aircraft maneuvers that are common in a tactical environment. To address this issue, the Army seeks a Ku-band antenna to support air- to-air and air-to-ground TCDL links on maneuvering manned and unmanned Army aircraft. The antenna will be rigidly mounted and must maintain link closure through banks, turns, and pitch changes. It must meet the SWAP requirements of the Shadow UAV; other target airborne platforms include Apache and Blackhawk helicopters. Barron Associates, Inc., in conjunction with L-3 CS-W, propose to develop an Improved Mini Ku-Band Antenna for TCDL, which will provide the Army with a robust, lightweight Ku-band antenna that allows airborne TCDL systems to maintain data link closure through common aircraft maneuvers. As classic airborne antenna implementations fail to provide the desired functionality, this challenging problem demands a more innovative approach than simply optimizing the coverage pattern of a single antenna. In Phase I, the research team will evaluate several candidate approaches to determine the solution that best meets the solicitation requirements.

FIRST RF CORP.
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 08-126      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Improved mini Ku band antenna for TCDL
Abstract:Current airborne datalink systems often suffer from dropped links when the aircraft maneuvers and the antenna’s main beam points away from the ground- or air- based receive node. The result is an interrupted mission. An antenna system is required that is lightweight, compact and ruggedized which provides constant hemispherical coverage even during aircraft maneuver scenarios. FIRST RF has a unique solution to this problem combining novel RF aperture techniques and mechanical stabilization that provides a hemispherical gain pattern always pointed towards the earth. This approach incorporates multiple antenna apertures with an appropriate power distribution network which outputs a constant power envelope to the air or ground node. The FIRST RF approach is portable to Army air assets both large and small, though the proposed approach specifically considers Shadow as its target platform, due to the increased restraints on size, weight and power aboard this platform. To this end, FIRST RF has developed a truly novel yet affordable and robust system which provides Army with a new capability.

STAR-H CORP.
1853 William Penn Way
Lancaster, PA 17605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 353-8311
Brian A. Herrold
ARMY 08-126      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Stabilized TCDL Antenna System for UAVs & Rotorcraft
Abstract:STAR-H proposes to develop an antenna solution termed the STASUR (Stabilized TCDL Antenna System for UAVs & Rotorcraft) which can be pronounced “Stay Sure” in recognition of the system’s ability to maintain a sure, stable pattern even during maneuvers. STAR-H, in partnership with Professor James K. Breakall, Ph.D, a prominent antenna designer, is uniquely positioned for success in this program. STAR-H, as the designer of the existing Communications Relay System Antenna for the Shadow 200 UAV, has considerable experience is the design of flight antennas, electrically-small antenna systems and UAV antenna systems, particularly for the Shadow. While many companies responding to this solicitation may be able offer innovative antenna solutions, simulation of antenna performance during dynamic movements, UAV flight-heritage within their team, or the experience and knowledge necessary to design electrically steerable or mechanical stabilized flight-qualified antennas, few, if any, will be able to offer a total package with all of these critical elements so well accounted for. STAR-H can. The unique combination of skills, experience, and resources spanning all that is required for success in this effort, provides a compelling case for the funding of this proposal.

EATTS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CORP.
17024 Echo Lake Dr.
Smithfield, VA 23430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 651-5475
Thomas Kirk
ARMY 08-127      Awarded: 10/22/2008
Title:Emergency Anti-torque System for Rotary Wing Aircraft (Manned and Unmanned)
Abstract:In Phase I, Emergency Anti-Torque Thruster System (EATTS) concepts will be developed to demonstrate that main rotor torque of a rotorcraft can be overcome even after the loss of the primary anti-torque system. Modeling and simulation will demonstrate how uncontrolled yaw caused by tail rotor failure (TRF) and loss of tail rotor effectiveness (LTE) can be surmounted. EATTS utilizes anti-torque thrusters to counteract and neutralize the torque effect in the main rotor system. This technology is universal in rotorcraft application but specific in design for each platform and takes into consideration the differences in power, gross weight, center of gravity, structure, and various other components. EATTS R&D will address thruster activation and control processes, the sensors needed to detect the various causes of TRF and LTE, and their interactions with each other. In Phase II, EATTS R&D will continue development on thruster activation, control processes and TRF sensors and will demonstrate activation of a controlled anti- torque prototype thruster system after disengaging the tail rotor on a fully operating helicopter tethered to a rotating base. In Phase III, EATTS R&D will flight demonstrate a fully functioning thruster system on a helicopter and will continue development and commercialization of EATTS.

Alternative Fuel Technology, LLC
12237 Woodbine
Redford , MI 48239
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(313) 720-8680
James McCandless
ARMY 08-128      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:JP-8 Fuel Effects on High Pressure Common Rail Pumps
Abstract:The Army uses JP-8 fuel for both its tactical and non-tactical, diesel powered vehicles. Some of the commercial engines used by the Army employ high pressure, common rail fuel injection systems to lower exhaust emissions, especially particulates. Modern common rail injection systems produce pressures of 1500 to 2200 bar. These systems are designed to run on ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel that contains special lubricity additives (usually fatty acids) to reduce wear and scuffing. JP-8 fuel does not contain these important additives. Therefore, to achieve acceptable fuel system life, special fuel filters have been devised that meter a lubricity additive to the fuel system. The use of these filters is undesirable from a field logistics perspective. We propose to eliminate the need for "lubricity filters" and additives by redesign of the common rail pump. We have developed materials pairs and other proprietary methods that significantly reduce the wear of high pressure common rail pumps. In phase 1, we propose to conduct a bench durability test on a common rail fuel pump (Cummins ISL) to define which components have unacceptable wear. We will then develop a design proposal that suggests changes to reduce wear without the use of fuel additives.

Analytical Engineering Inc.
2555 Technology Blvd. P.O. Box 2603
Columbus, IN 47202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 376-6472
David May
ARMY 08-128      Awarded: 1/27/2009
Title:JP-8 Fuel Effects on High Pressure Common Rail Pumps
Abstract:Lack of fuel lubrication performance associated with JP-8 in modern diesel engines equipped with High Pressure Common Rail fuel systems can lead to premature performance loss or field failure. As engines in the Army fleet are replaced with modern engines, provisions for JP-8 fuel compatibility will need to be addressed by engine OEM’s. Analytical Engineering, Inc. proposes to partner with Cummins Inc. Fuel Systems in a Phase I effort to define which components in a modern pump are susceptible to lubricity related failure when using JP-8 and high/low sulfur fuels. This effort will culminate in a definition of identified components and potential metallurgical and / or ceramic material modifications needed for fuel compatibility.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
32 LYNNFIELD
IRVINE, CA 92620
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 275-1559
CHIEU NGUYEN
ARMY 08-129      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:HAPIS-compliant Biometric Key Infrastructure
Abstract:Identity-Based Encryption (IBE) has emerged as a promising cryptographic system, providing secure communications without a certificate system. We propose techniques to fold Biometrics into IBE system as the basis for the biometric key infrastructure, and several novel techniques for key pairing, certificateless methods, and threshold cryptography to enable the continuing operations of the proposed biometric key infrastructure at various command and unit levels, and under no-connectivity conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
ARMY 08-129      Awarded: 11/6/2008
Title:Person Authentication Security System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army’s need, for a “Biometric Key Infrastructure” system that will use biometric signatures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Person Authentication Security System (PASS) that imparts biometric signature as one of a two-factor authentication and uses it for data encryption. The PASS is based on use of a biometric signature reader as source of generating a unique personal digitized block of binary information (analogous to private key) that will be used both for data encryption and as part of a two-factor person authentication; a Security Server(s) that centrally manages policy according to an organization’s administrative structure and mission need, maintain(s) biometric key integrity, and control(s) access to system resources; and optional use of “device fingerprint” as an encryption key (analogous to private or public key) and a novel Erratic-Data-Stream (EDAS) highly secure method of data encryption. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the PASS technology by designing and assembling a proof-of-concept TRL 4 PASS system prototype that will use biometric- reader-digitized data as one encryption key used for encrypting data on mobile devices and removable storage media. In Phase II POC will demonstrate a TRL 6 prototype under representative operational environments.

HSTAR TECHNOLOGIES
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
ARMY 08-130      Awarded: 12/22/2008
Title:Dexterous Manipulation for Non-Line-of-Sight Articulated Manipulators
Abstract:Hstar proposes an advanced robotic dexterous manipulator D-Man for enhancing the capabilities of autonomous operation that must: 1) provide advanced dexterous manipulation and sufficient strength to open doors and load/unload container boxes up to 500-1000lbs, 2) navigate intelligently with a mobile holonomic drive, 3) work safely and robustly in telepresence mode and local autonomous mode, and 4) perform reliably under inclement conditions. No robotic system currently exists that would meet all of these needs. Hstar proposes an enhanced hydraulic Series Elastic Actuator based manipulator that is capable of advanced dexterous manipulation, haptic feedback and safe operation with local autonomous control as well as telepresence operation control. This D-Man system will be capable of complex dexterous manipulation such has door opening, and will be strong enough to load/ unload container boxes up to 500-1000lbs. In addition, our mobile robotic platform will provide holonomic control capable of full maneuverability using omnidirectional wheel technology. Our telepresence operation control and local autonomous control will provide for safe and robust operation in the ISO container applications in conjunction with available technologies. This system design will be include support for logistics and supply chain integration and will also applicable to future robotic MULE applications.

GS ENGINEERING, INC.
47500 US Hwy 41
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-1235
Glen Simula
ARMY 08-131      Awarded: 11/19/2008
Title:Tools, Techniques and Materials for Lightweight Tracks
Abstract:Alternative processes, tools and techniques are required for installation and support of new lightweight segmented track systems using only two crew members. The logistical burden of the current system of using 3-4 crew members and additional heavy equipment is not feasible to support future lightweight vehicles. The new system must allow two crew members to assemble, install, disassemble, or repair segmented tracks. The proposed approach is to develop processes and a system of multi-use tools which will allow ergonomically easy movement, lifting, installation, alignment, and connection techniques of the segments and track lengths. The tools will have multiple uses to reduce the number of tools required, which will revolutionize the current manual efforts and greatly reduce the logistical burden associated with track installation. GSE has a unique background with extensive experience in track design, lightweight vehicle component design, and advanced materials development. GSE’s team includes experts with specific experience in advanced lightweight track design and manufacturing, and this team is well- suited for the development of new processes and tools to install and repair segment track sections.

ECLIPSE ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Hulya Demiryont
ARMY 08-132      Awarded: 12/19/2008
Title:Variable Optical Transmission Lens for Integrated Eyewear Protection
Abstract:The inorganic electrochromic, all-vacuum-deposited-at-low-temperature, all-solid-state variable transmission EclipseVTS™ (Variable Transmission System) offered by Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc., (Eclipse) is the Army’s solution. Adoption of EclipseVTS™ will enable the warfighter to finally have a dimmable eyewear system that: is highly transmissive; is user controlled, is fast switching, has high range of modulation; and, is low temperature vacuum deposited directly onto the complex curved ballistic lens eliminating the vision distortion caused by the sandwiched sheets of plastic used in organic electrochromics, liquid crystal and SPD systems.

KENT OPTRONICS, INC.
40 Corporate Park Drive
Hopewell Junction, NY 12533
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Ben Y. Tang
ARMY 08-132      Awarded: 12/10/2008
Title:Variable Optical Transmission Lens for Integrated Eyewear Protection
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal introduces novel technologies for variable transmission lens. Based on Kent Optronics’s Electronially Switchable liquid crystal (LC) technology and University of Washington’s Electrochromic (EC) polymer technology, new variable transmission lenses and eyewear protection goggles with wide transmission range, fast transition speed, low power consumption will be developed. Our LC based variable lens possesses nearly ideal switching properties between heavily tinted (1% transmission) and total transparent (>95% transmittance) through a push button. This technology is highly promising to achieve all the specifications of variable transmission lens for eyewear protection goggle as required by the Army. The EC polymer technology features extremely low power consumption, bi-stable memory effect, and fast switching speed. The proposed technologies overcome the drawbacks of current photochromic and electrochromic lens technologies, such as slow speed, narrow transmission window, higher environmental susceptibility, etc… In Phase I, two prototype eyewear protection goggles with wide transmission variation range will be developed. In Phase II working prototype(s) will be developed followed by extensive field-test till all the specifications are met.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Peter Schuler
ARMY 08-132      Awarded: 12/10/2008
Title:Variable Optical Transmission Lens for Integrated Eyewear Protection(1001-252)
Abstract:Triton Systems will build on existing electrochromics technology to develop and demonstrate variable light transmission lens technology capable of meeting size, shape, weight, and power constraints of ballistic fragmentation protective spectacles compatible with the Army Combat Helmet. Two major technical advances are planned for the Phase I effort. This program is focused on the use of an improved color changing material to increase the total contrast range, with particular emphasis on increasing the clear state transmission. This new material has almost 12% higher clear state transmission than our current material and is easily deposited onto the substrate through a spray deposition process. In addition, we will demonstrate ballistic capability of the prototype architecture through V-50 ballistic testing at an independent test facility.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Tony Lashley
ARMY 08-133      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Dynamic Terrain System Process Development
Abstract:TA

Diamond Visionics LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-8526
James Pendrys
ARMY 08-133      Awarded: 1/14/2009
Title:Dynamic Terrain System Process Development
Abstract:With the recent advancements of CPU, network, and video card throughput and capabilities, hardware is no longer a deterrent for dynamic environments. The Modeling and Simulation industry has been in a holding pattern with regards to dynamic environments for a various reasons. Without having the requirement, vendors were unwilling to make the investment and until developed, it could not be an imposed requirement. The goal of this research initiative is to define and advance this standard so as to produce the interoperability mechanism necessary to advance this training capability. The proposed architecture and communication mechanism is to extend the Virtual Simulation Architecture (VSA) Distributed Interactive Simulation (V-DIS) standard with the addition of a Dynamic Environment PDU. DIS is an Open, IEEE standard developed early in the 1990’s to support platform level real time war gaming across constructive, live, and virtual domains. It is a rather simple message based system that provides a proven, efficient, and widely accepted distributed tactical communication environment. The plan is to extend the standard with the addition of the new PDU type, develop the accompanying publishing software, and produce an operational prototype at the completion of the Phase I.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
14258 Anastasia Lane
Orlando, FL 32828
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 281-6431
Jon Watkins
ARMY 08-133      Awarded: 1/13/2009
Title:Dynamic Terrain System Process Development
Abstract:Synthetic Natural Environment (SNE) represents the natural and man-made environment in which military simulations occur. This natural and man-made environment is subject to change in the real world. The importance of a changing SNE crosses all domains and types of warfare. Aircraft pilots expect to see a physical effect from their weapons fire and a soldier would expect that kicking a door should have an effect. Simulations that neglect these capabilities are providing incomplete training. However, current Army simulations model only a subset of dynamic terrain. Munitions effects are low fidelity and do not use physics-based models. Changes that can be made are sharply limited. These limitations are driven by specialized solutions and cross-application differences, e.g. visual systems versus SAF representations that cannot easily be reconciled. Dignitas Technologies proposes to use its industry leading experience in SNE, SE Core, and virtual applications to develop an advanced Dynamic Terrain architecture that can provide a foundation for next generation capabilities while also providing immediate and tangible functional gains for virtual programs such as CCTT and AVCATT.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-9008
Eric Whitfield
ARMY 08-133      Awarded: 1/14/2009
Title:Dynamic Terrain System Process Development
Abstract:Current simulation-based training environments lack the ability to rapidly and effectively communicate dynamic terrain changes across distributed virtual environments. The inability to propagate dynamically altered terrain in a distributed training scenario has detrimental effects on overall mission realism and can result in battlespace inconsistencies that hamper mission effectiveness. To address this issue, a system to rapidly and reliably distribute dynamic terrain changes across a heterogeneous simulation network is required. In considering this problem, Infoscitex has developed the concept for a cost-effective, novel solution that will deliver correlated dynamic terrain changes across a wide variety of virtual training systems in order to achieve fair fight capability. The Infoscitex solution provides a common format for terrain interchange and also decouples the data transmission architecture from the underlying simulation in order to allow maximum system interoperability. IST has assembled a distinguished team to address this proposal. We are proposing a novel and innovative approach to meeting the requirements called for in the solicitation. At the conclusion of Phase II, we will have deployed a system for distributing dynamic terrain changes to both virtual and constructive host simulations within a distributed virtual training environment.

Advanced Anti-Terror Technologies Corp. (A2T2)
896 W Minneola Ave Suite 57
Clermont , FL 34711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 683-4051
Jim Bliss
ARMY 08-134      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Game Interface for the OneSAF Computer Generated Forces Simulation
Abstract:Our Game-Interface module for OneSAF directly exploits the NexGEN Behavior Composer Interface module for OneSAF that our Integrated Product Team (IPT) is already developing for DARPA. Key strengths unique to our team’s approach enable our near-term creation of appropriate hybrids involving intuitive, easy-to-use game-based graphical user interfaces (GUIs) and OneSAF. Our key technologies and similar multiple prior successes include: (1) Our evolving NexGEN Interface capacities to rapidly and efficiently create or modify OneSAF composite behaviors based upon Standard-Operating- Procedures/Tactics-Techniques-Procedures, automated towards direct use by COTS Game GUIs such as Command&Conquer(2.5D) and Unreal-Game-Engine(3D); (2) Creating and integrating state-of-the-art image generators and 3D Stealths(DIS/HLA) to JSAF, OneSAF, and operational C2 software; (3) Developing common front-end Web based GUIs to load/initialize/run/freeze/resume/stop with data-logging both HLA networks combinations of virtual and constructive simulations, and COTS on-line video games used for serious gaming purposes. Our IPT’s approach includes exceeding the Phase I requirement of delivering a high level design concept, to include delivering several hybrid functional prototypes that comply with OneSAF architectural standards. Essentially, we envision abstracting the OneSAF to Game Interface so as to support the integration of multiple game GUIs, and provide two functional prototypes to demonstrate proof-of- concept feasibility.

Forterra Systems, Inc.
2207 Bridgepointe Parkway Ste 200
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 515-3469
Valette Hopkins
ARMY 08-134      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Game Interface for the OneSAF Computer Generated Forces Simulation
Abstract:Today’s contemporary operating environment is filled with potential adversaries that exhibit a variety of individual and coordinated behaviors. Proper response to these behaviors has become a critical training requirement for Soldiers and a variety of commercial gaming technologies have been proposed to provide the requisite training environment. Where gaming technologies can be used to create engaging experiences, they typically lack the realism needed to properly portray the COE without significant modifications. Behaviors of non-player entities is a particularly acute problem as most gaming artificial intelligence is either limited or is targeted at making a game challenging and fun rather than realistic. Investments made by the DoD in AI technologies has produced a far more accurate and representative repository of the types of behaviors needed to represent the COE. Integrating these with gaming technologies has great potential to solve current training gaps. Forterra proposes to directly integrate its distributed, multi- player game platform through the SORD interface with OneSAF to produce a highly scalable, persistent, distributed virtual training system suitable for training in the COE. We propose a design in Phase I with a feasibility demonstration as an option, and a full integration in Phase II.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Michael van Lent
ARMY 08-134      Awarded: 1/7/2009
Title:Integrated Gaming in OneSAF and RealWorld (IGOR)
Abstract:Computer simulation in the Department of Defense has traditionally been the domain of carefully developed software and deliberatively validated models. While this has been an appropriate approach to the concern for working with accurate systems, there is increasing pressure to improve the cost-effectiveness and adaptability of simulations for today’s rapidly shifting strategic and tactical landscape. The team of Soar Technology, TotalImmersion Software, and the USC Institute for Creative Technology propose to integrate the RealWorld game engine and the OneSAF simulation engine with rapid modeling tools to combine the strengths of traditional high-fidelity simulation with the cost benefits of modern, high-detail computer gaming environments. Integrated Gaming in OneSAF and RealWorld (IGOR) will allow DOD personnel to appropriately trade realism for cost effectiveness in a variety of simulation applications such as planning, experimentation, mission rehearsal, and debriefing.

Honeybee Robotics
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 459-7830
Michael Rutberg
ARMY 08-135      Awarded: 2/26/2009
Title:3DML: A 3-D Miniature LIDAR for Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:A small-envelope, inexpensive 3D LIDAR with the high performance required by UGV navigation and operations applications does not currently exist. We propose to develop such a sensor, drawing on technology matured by Honeybee Robotics under DARPA and NASA funding. Our 3D Miniature LIDAR (3DML) design uses an innovative drum scanner in conjunction with a pulse-time-of-flight (PTOF) optical rangefinding subsystem. Important performance characteristics include: a wide field-of-view for adequate near-field vision, a frame rate sufficient for real-time operation, and resolution high enough for terrain assessment, obstacle characterization and local mapping. Honeybee’s 3DML technology is uniquely suited to address these desirements in an ultra-compact package at low per- unit cost. One key innovation is the optical drum scanner, combining a large aperture and wide field-of-view with robust mechanical operation and small size. Equally important are the electronic subsystems, enabling serial ranging of points at high resolution and very high speeds. The primary goal of Phase I will be adapting the 3DML architecture to meet the demands of the SUGV application. Prototyping of key subsystems will demonstrate technology readiness prior to Phase II. A Phase I Option will be used to complete a detailed design of the optical drum and prototype the optical transmitter.

MicroAssembly Technologies, Inc.
3065 Richmond Parkway Suite 109
Richmond, CA 94806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 758-2600
Michael Cohn
ARMY 08-135      Awarded: 3/1/2009
Title:MEMS Based LADAR for SUGV Applications
Abstract:The proposed small low-power LADAR system would have a number of benefits for SUGV and other urban military applications. Rapid identification of threats enables immediate and directed response. Improved scanning efficiency of complex environments conserves valuable personnel time and resources. Such a system could save numerous lives during combat.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
4515 Seton Center Parkway Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Thayne Coffman
ARMY 08-136      Awarded: 2/17/2009
Title:RFCode: Robust Foveated Encoding
Abstract:The Robust Foveated Encoding (RFCode) Phase 1 effort will improve battlefield capabilities and situational awareness by generating a detailed design and performance analysis for applying three emerging technologies to an advanced video compression system for unreliable tactical networks. RFCode uses foveated (variable-resolution) video coding to reduce data volume while maintaining operational effectiveness, enabling a superior compression ratio. It applies and extends distributed coding schemes inspired by new compressive sensing approaches and progressive coding techniques, providing robustness and graceful degradation under packet loss. Finally, RFCode algorithms are evaluated and optimized using novel video quality metrics that better measure subjective human video quality perception (and therefore operational effectiveness) than traditional error metrics. Performance is quantified with a combination of theoretic and empirical analyses, and compared against a baseline motion-JPEG (MJPEG) codec. By starting from firm theoretical foundations in foveation, compressive sensing, and video quality assessment, and by leveraging our team’s directly relevant past work in foveated image exploitation, 21st Century will address the Army’s operational need to reliably transmit imagery over low bandwidth, low reliability tactical wireless networks. This will increase the battlefield utility of tactical systems that transmit and exploit real-time battlefield imagery.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Joseph Yadegar
ARMY 08-136      Awarded: 3/16/2009
Title:Multi–Stream Scalable Pattern–Driven Video Codec for Tactical Wireless Networks
Abstract:Camera mounted robots called SUGV that can be sent in enemy territory to get a view of what's in store for the soldiers is the future of Army's high-tech combat system making the soldier's work safer. The images then need to be relayed in real-time to field commanders who in turn will describe the forward soldiers what is being sent. The weakest link in the above mentioned combat system is the ad-hoc wireless network which is low on bandwidth and highly unreliable. The poor error resilience of the modern compression techniques such as MPEG will fail them while the older compression techniques like motion-JPEG will not be able to stand up to this call because of their inefficient bandwidth usage. UtopiaCompression proposes a novel multi-path scalable video codec that will provide robust real-time video streaming capabilities suitable for deployment in teleoperated robotics, remote surveillance, etc. Better error resilience is achieved through MDC based on Layered coding and techniques like Headers Extension codes, novel packetization strategies, intra refresh etc. Furthermore, the content-driven nature of the codec makes it adaptive, reliable and robust for transmission over various network bandwidths and configurations.

KIGRE, INC.
100 Marshland Road
Hilton Head, SC 29926
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(843) 681-5800
John D. Myers
ARMY 08-137      Awarded: 12/1/2008
Title:High Energy Laser Component Technology for Eye-Safer Fiber Lasers
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of a direct laser diode array side pumped large mode area high power eye-safer fiber laser. Traditional laser diode end pumped single mode fiber laser designs are limited in terms laser power pumping and extraction. Double clad large mode area fibers are scaleable to high output power levels. They typically utilize fiber delivered laser diode array pumping at various laser gain length intervals in order to overcome fiber aperture power density limitations. Even with such improvements, current high power fiber lasers still exhibit numerous trade-offs in laser beam quality, system size and diode pump fiber delivery complexity and cost. Direct side pump high power fiber laser designs circumvent these complex and expensive system integration issues with simpler, smaller and more straightforward scaleable designs. High power low heat fraction fluorophosphate fiber laser architectures may eliminate pump beam combining, free space pump beam launch optics and multiple fiber coupling. Kigre proposes to integrate unique athermal fiber laser core gain materials and pumping architectures into compact high power eye-safer fiber laser devices operating in the 1.5 micron region

PC PHOTONICS
17 Compass Court
Niantic, CT 06357
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 691-3076
Peter Cheo
ARMY 08-137      Awarded: 12/5/2008
Title:High Energy Laser Component Technology for Eye-Safer Fiber Lasers
Abstract:This SBIR proposal presents two innovative high energy fiber laser component technologies that will significantly advance high power all-fiber eye-safe fiber lasers without causing damage to the fiber. The first one is a coherent all-fiber beam combiner and the second one is an efficient fiber side-pumping technique without using free space optics. Utilizing these two components, a large number of high power Tm-doped fiber lasers can be coherently combined to emit the fundamental in-phase mode at the eye-safe wavelength (ë = 1.9 ìm). The output power scales not only with the core density but also with the fiber length far exceeding the absorption length without introducing nonlinear effects. This proposal describes these two technologies in great detail and presents a working plan to develop these components in such a way that they will work well together and provide highest slope efficiency and output power in a high-brightness beam. Under Phase I, a design analysis will be completed for a side-pumped all-fiber, phase-locked, Tm-doped fiber laser that can deliver an output power greater than 1kW (CW) at an eye-safe wavelength. It is envisioned that technologies developed under this SBIR program will provide the US Army Space and Missile Defense Technical Centers with much improved components for their advance fiber laser program.

TRITEC SYSTEMS, INC.
4825 University Square, Suite 7
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 653-6145
Anthony Kikel
ARMY 08-138      Awarded: 11/3/2008
Title:Advanced Ferroelectric Materials for Explosive Pulsed Power for Missiles and Munitions
Abstract:Polarized-Cast Saturated Polymer (PCSP) FEG working bodies will use state-of-art ferroelectric materials such as PZT 95/5 to demonstrate their first order device characteristics. During this effort, a demonstration of this new ferroelectric material’s performance will be quantified using explosive testing. The goal is to develop a highly producible ferroelectric material with high surface charge density and superior hold-off field strength in presence of explosive shock loads and high tolerance to g-forces. PCSP FEG technology will provide a path to high rate manufacturing of FEG working bodies that might include such processes as mass autoclave curing and/or high rate pressure molding. This effort will provide a mechanism for research and understanding of advanced PCSP structures to provide insight into how to design and optimize these structures’ performance for FEG-related highly energetic applications. This research is expected to be the basis for a new category of inexpensive, highly producible ferroelectric materials for use as FEG working bodies.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Edward F. Alberta
ARMY 08-138      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Advanced Ferroelectric Materials for Explosive Pulsed Power for Missiles and Munitions
Abstract:In this program TRS will explore a variety of new ferroelectric materials and composites for explosively driven pulsed power applications. The Phase I program will be aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of improving the ferroelectric generator (FEG) performance by: (a) systematically exploring new materials to enhance the remanent polarization in ferroelectric (FE) to antiferroelectric (AFE) phase-change compositions; (b) developing single-crystal PZT 95/5 components to exploit the intrinsic anisotropy that is present in single-crystal materials; and (c) exploring the use of composite structures to engineer higher electric breakdown fields and to achieve interesting geometric combinations of electrical properties. Electrical properties of the sample will be evaluated at TRS and samples will be delivered to HEM Technologies for explosively driven shock depolarization testing. During the Phase I and II program TRS will immediately incorporate new advances in FEG technology into our commercially available PZT 95/5 products. At the conclusion of the Phase II program TRS will have established pilot manufacturing capabilities for a number of high energy density pulse-discharge components directly applicable to directed energy and detonation systems currently under development.

AERIUS PHOTONICS, LLC.
4160 Market St., Suite 6
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Michael MacDougal
ARMY 08-139      Awarded: 11/19/2008
Title:High-Power Vertical-Cavity Laser Diode Arrays for Fiber Lasers
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes to develop a fiber-pump module built upon an array of VCSELs emitting over 200W at either 975 nm or 798 nm. Aerius principals have been designing and fabricating VCSELs for over 15 years, developing them first for data communications, and more recently, for high-power applications. Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are processed on wafers from wafer growth through to device testing. After wafer-level screening, they are diced, and the arrays are mounted on a single carrier via a single solder interface. The reduction in solder interfaces also improves the reliability of the arrays. In addition, VCSELs emit a circularly symmetric beam which requires simpler optics for fiber coupling. The overall result is that VCSEL arrays are inherently less costly, and have a smaller size and weight, while delivering equivalent powers.

SDPHOTONICS LLC
450 South Lake Jessup Avenue
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 929-6675
Sabine Freisem
ARMY 08-139      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) pumps for Reduced Eye Hazard Wavelength High Energy Fiber Lasers
Abstract:This SBIR proposal is to develop a new high power VCSEL array that can achieve higher efficiency and higher brightness than existing technology, suitable for pumping eye-safe fiber lasers. The technology uses a lithographically defined VCSEL process to achieve dense integration and reduce the diode electrical resistance and optical loss to increase efficiency. The array technology is designed to reach high power and high power density, and can provide advantages in heat sinking for active cooling. Thermal resistance is decreased over existing technology by eliminating buried oxide layers, and brightness is increased through dense packing and special cavity designs. Initial demonstrations are for a 980 nm high efficiency pump diode for Er-doped fiber lasers. The new array technology could offer advantages over current edge-emitter technology used for high power bars and stacks by providing increased reliability at a reduced cost for both the diode and packaging. With optimized designs, the power conversion efficiency, power density, and brightness could reach or exceed that of high power edge-emitters.

Microcosm, Incorporated
4940 W. 147th St.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 219-2700
James Wertz
ARMY 08-140      Awarded: 3/26/2009
Title:NanoEye -- Ultra-Light-Weight Surveillance System
Abstract:Microcosm and its principal subcontractor, ITT Space Systems Division, propose to develop an EO/IR payload for unmanned, high-altitude airships or satellites in LEO or HEO. ITT has a current design for a 10-inch, f/10, physically compact, space-based instrument that weighs less than 3.0 kg. At visible wavelengths, it would provide a nadir resolution of 0.05 m at 20 km, 0.8 m at 300 km, and 10 m at 4,000 km. Microcosm has extensive experience in both Operationally Responsive Space and space mission design, particularly for small satellites. During Phase I, we will work with the Government to determine the system requirements, develop a conceptual payload design, and strawman bus and mission concepts, including key parameters that will impact payload design such as pointing, stability, power, availability, duty cycles, coverage, search and scan approaches, radiation hardening, commanding, and data delivery. In Phase II, we will demonstrate the technical feasibility by building a prototype camera system and defining a low-cost test program to verify performance in both high-altitude and space environments. At the end of Phase II the unit will be at TRL 5 and ready for advancement to TRL 6 or 7, depending on the choice of follow-on tests.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Xiaowei Xia
ARMY 08-140      Awarded: 10/30/2008
Title:Extremely Lightweight Infrared Payload (ELIP) System
Abstract:To address the Army need for lightweight electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) sensor payloads to be incorporated onto nano/microsatellites for the Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) program, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Extremely Lightweight Infrared Sensor Payload (ELIP) system. The proposed sensor is based on Fourier transform imaging spectrometry using high-speed EO switching and spectral tuning of thin monolithic polymer-stabilized ferroelectric liquid crystal modules. The innovations in the rapid EO tunable imaging Fourier transform spectrometer will enable the system to achieve a high resolution image at a fast sampling rate, with the capability of operating over a broad thermal IR band from 8 to 12 micrometers. They also enable a lightweight, low-cost, low-power, long-life and compact solution for the Army. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ELIP by modeling and simulation and by fabricating and testing a laboratory prototype imaging sensor, to develop an initial design concept that could be incorporated into a common ORS satellite bus for nano/microsatellite and airborne platforms. In Phase II, POC plans to further refine the sensor design and develop a reliable, launch-ready, and flight-capable IR imaging sensor prototype for military in- theater ground target imaging, discrimination, and classification in the ORS program.

Space Micro Inc.
10401 Roselle Street Ste. 400
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0701
David R. Czajkowski
ARMY 08-141      Awarded: 1/27/2009
Title:Lightweight, On-Orbit Reprogrammable Two-Way Communications Payload
Abstract:Reconfigurable high altitude or satellite payloads providing communications relay functions are challenging to build due to a number of different factors, including the need for multiple frequency programmability, small size, low power, conduction cooling and poor reliability caused by radiation within the environment. Space Micro’s Software Defined Relay Transponder (μSRT) combines reconfigurable circuits with radiation hardness. The μSRT is a relay communication payload, commonly called a “bent pipe”, for a LEO/HEO satellite or a high altitude (65,000 ft) vehicle/airship. The platform is capable of reprogramming or reconfiguration into different communication waveforms (digital) and frequency bands (RF analog), capable on the payload, in flight. Space Micro has developed unique and critically important technologies that provide capabilities to host different Army waveforms, on the same hardware circuits, while simultaneously being capable of supporting other frequency bands or digital waveforms. The μSRT’s mechanical design supports high altitude or satellite requirements; while its interfaces can support ORS electrical bus standards, such as SpaceWire. The μSRT is also capable of NSA Type 1 crypto, resulting in a fully reprogrammable, radiation hardened, satellite grade relay communications transponder.

STAR-H Corporation
1853 William Penn Way
Lancaster, PA 17605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 353-8311
Brian A. Herrold
ARMY 08-141      Awarded: 4/2/2009
Title:Modular ORS-Compatible Software-Defined Transceiver System for Space and Near-Space Platforms
Abstract:Feasibility studies and technical analyses will be performed on a design for a very small, lightweight, cost-effective, remotely reprogrammable, two-way, software-defined-radio- based communications package called the Software Defined Transceiver (SDT). The SDT design will encompass the entire required payload including the supporting circuitry and the communications antennas. The payload, while also usable on UAV, airships, etc, will be designed to be fully compatible with Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) program micro-sat or nano-sat class busses. The SDT payload transceiver architecture will be modular and extensible from a single set of transmit and receive channels to a multi- channel system. This modular extensibility along with complete remote reprogramability will provide an extremely versatile yet cost-effective communications tool to DoD A white paper will be delivered in Phase I, in which estimates will be made for mass, power requirements and duty cycles. The white paper will include risk analyses, on-orbit lifetime estimates, and shelf life estimates. The Phase I technology assessment will achieve Technology Readiness Level 2 (TRL 2). Phase II will implement the Phase I including a system prototype and demonstration of the key technologies such as remote reprogrammability, extensibility to multiple channels and bridging.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
14258 Anastasia Lane
Orlando, FL 32828
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 616-2103
Shawn Shiflett
ARMY 08-142      Awarded: 11/3/2008
Title:Automated Generation of Underground Structures
Abstract:Urban environments have become a central focus of military operations and thus of training. The military simulation community has put significant effort into the representation and visualization of buildings and urban clutter. Databases such as Baku and Caspian Sea and functionality like Ultra High Resolution Buildings (UHRBs) in OneSAF illustrate the great success of these efforts. Similarly, ARA’s Underground and Urban Model Generator (U2MG) makes it possible to automatically generate highly detailed and varying building models and urban clutter. Underground structures are a natural extension of urban terrain. While there is basic simulation support for underground structures in the UHRB specification and in some image generators, progress is hampered by a lack of source data and tools to support manual or automated generation of underground structures. This lack of data and tools has made underground data scarce in training databases. Examples include a few hand-placed tunnels in OneSAF’s Fort Hood database. With this proposal, Team Dignitas proposes to leverage existing technology to immediately provide detailed functionality in the area of automated underground structure generation. Team Dignitas will apply its unique qualifications to carry our functionality from the research and demonstration arena into practical application in Army programs through a Phase II SBIR award.

TerraSim, Inc
One Gateway Center, Suite 2050 420 Ft. Duquesne Blvd
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 232-3646
Joseph L. Giuliani
ARMY 08-142      Awarded: 11/4/2008
Title:Parametric Generation of Underground Structures for Virtual and Constructive Simulation
Abstract:Under this Phase I SBIR proposal entitled, "Parametric Generation of Underground Structures for Virtual and Constructive Simulation", TerraSim, Inc. will develop the design for a novel and robust underground structures generation capability that will support correlated virtual, constructive, and game engine simulation systems. This capability will be integrated as a plugin component to our commercial off the shelf (COTS) product, TerraTools(R), which provides the overall geospatial context for underground structure generation. A standalone software library will also be designed. We will create a functional prototype for a 3D underground structure generation system that spans both civil infrastructure and military use. The complexity of underground structures as well as their importance in training, modeling and simulation, and weapons delivery is high. Particular attention will be paid to ease of use and extensibility by using proven parametric urban modeling techniques combined with procedural generation of the underlying geometry and appearance to support virtual simulations. The development of constructive simulation representations for underground structures for OneSAF will address the automatic generation of ultra high resolution buildings (UHRB's) with underground tunnels and connectors, as well as other underground representations supported in the OneSAF Terrain Format (OTF).

Evisive, Inc.
8867 Highland Rd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(225) 769-2780
Bob Stakenborghs
ARMY 08-144      Awarded: 6/30/2009
Title:Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) for Ground Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a robust hand-held, data acquisition system for microwave inspection of non-metallic armor on ground vehicles. The system will em- ploy the patented Evisive Scan microwave interference testing method has been dem- onstrated in a portable, work station configuration on armor panels from the Stryker and ASV vehicles. The Evisive Scan method detects laminar features such as disbonding of the armor structure as well as cracks in ceramic tiles. The Evisive Scan method permits real time evaluation by inspection from one surface only, through non-contacting or con- tact encapsulation.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Magnús Snorrason
ARMY 08-145      Awarded: 2/12/2009
Title:Scene Understanding for Semi-Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN)
Abstract:The Army has a clear need for a small mobile robot capable of accompanying a single soldier. Such a robot would help solve both logistical problems of individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical problems of scouting unsafe areas. Multiple designs for such robots exist; however, a common problem for those robots is that they need remote control or teleoperation. This makes it very difficult for the soldier to do anything else at the same time, such as look out for threats, or even just walk without tripping. A less cognitively demanding form of control is clearly needed that will allow the soldier to control the robot (or robots) and still perform his primary combat mission. We propose a Scene Understanding for Semi-Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN) system for the semi-supervised control of unmanned ground vehicles. The system allows a user to direct a vehicle from behind, using a touch-screen device, or from in front, by leading the way and issuing commands through arm/hand gestures. SUSAN achieves this using novel monocular scene understanding algorithms and robust tracking techniques, and does not require specialized robot-mounted sensors or soldier-worn markers.

Mobile Intelligence Corporation
13620 Merriman Road
Livonia, MI 48150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 367-0430
Douglas C. MacKenzie
ARMY 08-145      Awarded: 2/10/2009
Title:Semi-Autonomous Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Teleoperating a ground robot is very difficult. Humans leverage substantial proprioceptive cues to estimate safe travel speeds and compensate for motion jitter in their visual cortex. To address this problem, MIC proposes develop a semi-autonomy system able to lead or follow the operator. The system will support long-distance scene understanding use a single color camera, beyond the range of traditional stereo, to provide highly capable operations in complex terrain. Relying on monocular vision has the advantage of being a passive sensor, which is better suited for tactical missions than LADAR. We propose three complementary research thrusts that begin to interpret the scene. First, categorizing terrain traversability based on appearance and motion allows extrapolating nearby, highly accurate estimates into the far scene. Second, classifying objects based on their shape and texture allows estimating their size based on heuristics in a database, and thus estimating their distance. Finally, scene affordances with respect to navigation will be leveraged by learning mappings of visual shape categories to navigation strategies. The information from these three perceptual processes will be aggregated into a symbolic map, and used by a planner to create routes through the environment.

POINT SOURCE, INC.
1864 Dayton Pike
Germantown, OH 45327
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 855-6020
Steven H Mersch
ARMY 08-146      Awarded: 12/16/2008
Title:Rapid Field Test Method(s) to Measure Additives in Military Fuel
Abstract:The US Military's might is in part based on the equipment it operates. It is important to the longevity of the equipment that the proper fuel additives are present to ensure proper operation when the time comes. We propose to develop a light weight, portable multi- parameter instrument for analysis of fuel additive concentrations. Photonic, electronic and MEMs technologies will be integrated in the final product in order to detect and measure all the desired parameters.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Roger Xu
ARMY 08-147      Awarded: 3/2/2009
Title:Multi-Agent Health Management System
Abstract:We propose to develop an intelligent multi-agent approach for distributed, dynamic, and active health management of fleet-wide ground vehicle subsystems/systems by incorporating advanced technologies in multi-disciplinary areas, such as software agent, signal processing, and data mining. In this framework, server-side agents include a light- weight library of diagnostics/prognostics algorithms/models developed based on the fleet- wide ground vehicle information, maintenance log, and test data, etc. When a vehicle connects to the server, a diagnostic/prognostics model will be generated automatically by the server and downloaded to the vehicle. The diagnostic and prognostic decisions made by each vehicle will be sent back to the server to confirm and update the model library if needed. If necessary, an “updated” diagnostics/prognostics model may be re-generated and the vehicle-side diagnostics/prognostics agents will be updated. In this way, the vehicle-side diagnostics/prognostics agents have the capabilities of self-adaptation and self-learning utilizing the vehicle and fleet level information. The whole framework will be developed under a unified software agent framework.

RLW, Inc.
2029 Cato Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-5122
C Mark Klemick
ARMY 08-147      Awarded: 3/1/2009
Title:Automated Algorithm Generator for Ground Vehicle Diagnostics/Prognostics
Abstract:The Automated Algorithm Generator combines a Library of diagnostic and prognostic algorithms with an automated Framework system to completely automate health and readiness reporting from widely dispersed Army combat and support vehicles. The system provides an environment in which learning algorithms enhance quality and reliability of platform status, health, and readiness reporting. The algorithm library draws on current research in brain function and artificial intelligence. The framework structure delivers a highly flexible, highly expandable skeleton for distribution of algorithms, reports management, configuration management, health and readiness distribution, user interfaces, and archive methodology. The framework is a loosely-coupled system constructed from generic software modules that host the algorithms and perform common system services such as built-in test, operator intervention, and extraction of system performance metrics.

Band XI International, LLC
150 Beacon Hill Drive
West Hartford, CT 06117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 233-1526
Brett Hackleman
ARMY 08-148      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:MANODS – Mobile Ad-hoc Networks with OSGi Distributed Services
Abstract:Band XI International, with a very strong background in delivering OSGi Service Oriented Bundle Architecture solutions for embedded military applications will extend those efforts to distribute services across multiple platforms that are connected through mobile ad hoc networks. Beginning with the baseline service oriented applications previously developed for CBRNE sensor synthesis and condition based maintenance using prior SBIR funded research into an OSGi mobile embedded component suite (MECS), Band XI will extend the reference implementations to incorporate a distributed services framework that binds all available computing and storage resources into a collaborative system in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.

CONCENTRIS SYSTEMS LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 238
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 781-2003
Tareq Hoque
ARMY 08-148      Awarded: 12/8/2008
Title:Distributed Services Framework for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
Abstract:The proposed project will result in the design of a “Distributed Services Framework” (DSF) which provides a service-oriented, distributed architecture for the hosting, advertising, discovery and invoking of “distributed services” across Army “Mobile Ad-hoc Networks” (MANETs). Example distributed services include devices or applications (storage, processing power, video, sensors, Internet access). The Concentris team will investigate the CONOPS and design a framework that meets military requirements and industry guidelines. Key tasks will include investigating Army concepts and applications, researching DSF methodologies (framework workflow, service creation, deployment and security), and creating an open architecture API library for future developers to implement DSF services.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4765
Olga Ratsimor
ARMY 08-148      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:An Efficient Distributed Framework for Adaptive Service Discovery in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks
Abstract:The key innovation of this proposal is the development of a distributed service discovery framework which employs simple yet elegant mechanisms to deliver comprehensive solutions for service advertisement, discovery and access in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). Our framework employs peer-to-peer caching to facilitate cross platform collaborations and service discovery. In addition, we propose to use our unique service evaluation and differentiation model provides a comprehensive and systematic approach to comparing and evaluating discovered services. Mobile nodes within the network differentiate between services based on characteristics such as levels of service demand, presence or lack of specific service features/attributes and communication and transaction costs. Furthermore, to facilitate the evaluation process and further enhance service discovery we propose to use semantic service descriptions associated with a set of novel protocols to facilitate advertisement dissemination.

MTS Technologies
2800 Shirlington Road Suite 1000
Arlington, VA 22206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 637-5123
Lonnie Vance
ARMY 08-149      Awarded: 1/15/2009
Title:Sensors for Vehicle Health Monitoring
Abstract:This project will ultimately design, build, and demonstrate a bench-level prototype sensor system (comprised of 5 sensors with sensor fusion algorithms) with the ability to determine the state of health, predict component and system failures, and measure the following: measure foreign inorganic materials in vehicle fluids; capture extreme shock events; capture a wide range of load events; measure pressure, acceleration, torque, and liquid quality; and, detect cracks in powertrain, chassis, and suspension components. Effective and efficient platform health monitoring requires data readily available from the vehicle databus as well as the integration of additional sensors to gather data that isn’t readily available. Sensor fusion algorithms will be created to make more accurate system level determinations based on the data derived from these individual sensors. Under this effort, work will be done in the five technical areas described above. In addition, any recommendations of suitable mounting locations for the sensors will be pursued. Data types and data parameters that will be available from the working sensors and planned data analysis to determine diagnostics and planned prognostics on the measured vehicle components, sub-systems, and systems will be outlined.

PHYSICAL OPTICS CORP.
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Yunping Yang
ARMY 08-149      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:Comprehensive Vehicle Health Monitoring Sensor System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for vehicle health monitoring sensor and data fusion system to effectively monitor and predict failures in high payoff areas, and to capture information about the usage of the vehicle to accurately determine the state of health of vehicle systems and components, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Comprehensive Vehicle Health Monitoring Sensor (COVEM) system. This proposed COVEM is based on the fusion of several optical fiber sensing technologies to monitor all significant vehicle-health-related events/parameters. The system offers the following features: 1) high accuracy; 2) high-sensitivity; 3) compactness and light weight; 4) self- containing and energy efficient; 5) reliability; and 6) cost-effectiveness. The innovation is in use of a novel fiber-optic-based system design of the COVEM to make simultaneous measurements of all the vehicle-health-related events/parameters, such as liquid quality, tire pressure, and shock events. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of COVEM by investigating the system design by computer modeling, and fabricating and testing a breadboard prototype (TRL 4) in a simulated platform. In Phase II an advanced, miniaturized COVEM engineering prototype at TRL 5 will be assembled and tested both at POC and at an Army facility.

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Shyan Bob Shen
ARMY 08-150      Awarded: 4/28/2009
Title:Smart Sensor Network for Platform Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:Acellent proposes to develop a smart structural health monitoring (SHM) sensor network system that can withstand the aggressive operations environment. It will be capable of autonomously assessing, reliably in real time, the structural integrity of ground vehicle structures and components. A new SMART Layer?hybrid consisting of an improved piezoelectric sensor/actuator configuration (utilizing the proven SMART Layer?technology) will be used to monitor the integrity of welded connections, bolted connections, and possible corrosion in the structural members. With proper design and placement of the piezoelectric sensors/actuators, the Acellent system will be fully capable of detecting critical flaws due to fatigue, corrosion, or wear. The statistical information generated establishes a confident reliability for maintaining the structural integrity of ground vehicles through real-time monitoring. We will evaluate various existing sensor types, checking what parameters are required to specifically monitor the structural health of Army vehicles and bridging systems. The assessment will include number of sensors required, their size, total weight, and power requirements. In addition, a cost comparison between network design alternatives will be developed. Creation of a methodology for installing the sensor network in new Army platforms and retrofitting of existing Army platforms will also be included.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl S. Byington, P.E.
ARMY 08-150      Awarded: 2/10/2009
Title:Embedded Structural Platform Analysis Network (eSPAN)TM
Abstract:Impact Technologies is creating a low-power, modular wireless sensor network for health and usage monitoring of bridge and vehicle structures. The system utilizes a mesh network of flexible sensor nodes connected to a communication node that transmits high- level health metrics to an external system over a standard vehicle data bus. System intelligence will be distributed among individual nodes to reduce the required communication bandwidth and allow system capabilities to be customized for various structures and vehicle platforms. The system will autonomously generate high-level health metrics without placing a processing burden on existing vehicle management systems. Key tasks in Phase I are to: 1) identify key target platforms and critical specifications required to assess system health; 2) evaluate relevant communication standards and interfaces for vehicle communication busses; 3) produce low-level indicators of structural degradation and develop appropriate sensing and measuring methods; 4) develop a wireless transmission architecture to efficiently transmit data to the coordinating node for retransmission over the vehicle data bus; 5) perform a trade study to examine suitability of adapting the system to new or existing vehicles and structures using different sensor configurations; 6) create a plan to supply power to the sensor network on various platforms.

DIAMOND VISIONICS LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-8526
James Pendrys
ARMY 08-151      Awarded: 11/26/2008
Title:Realistic High Fidelity Dynamic Terrain Representation
Abstract:The capability to modify terrain in real-time to create realistic modifications will provide training value by assisting in the visualization of the occurrence in the training scenario. For example, the capability to display the creation of craters with explosions or the tracks of vehicles as they move across soft terrain can add a great degree of realism for training. Diamond Visionics has developed the capability to construct and display dynamic terrain using its GenesisRT™ visual system. This capability exploits the design of GenesisRT™ to generate and display in real-time a terrain skin using elevation data rather than fixed polygon models, such as a terrain skins generated in OpenFlght format. The capability to modify terrain need not be limited to the terrain skin itself. For example, modifications to bridges and overpasses in real-time would provide training value as well. DVC has developed software that permits plowing of craters that can be used both for the modeling of plowing and the modification of any object in the same manner.

Systems Technology, Inc.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
R Wade Allen
ARMY 08-152      Awarded: 4/28/2009
Title:Vehicle Dynamics and Motion Drive for Realtime Simulators
Abstract:Advances in simulator technology and the proliferation of low cost computers have allowed researchers to move the test track/range indoors. To insure proper transfer of experience, the many simulator components must work in harmony. This proposal addresses the motion cueing for hexapod-based systems for driving simulations. Hexapods have limited motion capability for representing lateral accelerations that are represented in steady state by tilt cues. If done improperly the resulting cues will negatively impact the simulation experience and may also result in simulator sickness, regardless of the fidelity of the other simulator components. For the simulation of ground vehicles, the Army has identified a need for motion cueing algorithms that will improve perceived lateral handling of the vehicle. Two approaches are proposed: extensions to the OverTilt algorithm currently used at TARDEC; and the RideCue algorithm that provides extremely compelling specific force cueing without the need for washouts. To demonstrate feasibility in Phase I, these algorithms will be advanced, analyzed, and compared with the current TARDEC algorithm. The analysis will involve simulation of advanced Army vehicles performing critical lateral maneuvering. In Phase II, the techniques will be evaluated via a driver-in-the-loop simulation employing a 6DOF hexapod platform.

AEGIS TECHNOLOGY
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
ARMY 08-153      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Improved Thermal Management Systems using Advanced Materials and Fluids
Abstract:Technical challenges in the thermal management of emerging military ground vehicles exist with regards to providing adequate cooling for their key components such as engine and power electronics. Fluid coolant and material solutions to these issues are critical for these vehicles to achieve their desired performance. Therefore highly effective thermal management systems utilizing advanced coolant and/or thermal material are needed in the design of military ground vehicles in order to provide reliable mobility under all vehicle operating conditions while meeting the needs of the vehicle and crew on a system level. In this SBIR project, Aegis Technology proposes to develop and demonstrate a high efficient compact heat exchanger utilizing nanofluids (e.g. SiC nanofluids) as coolant, and high performance thermal material (e.g. strengthened graphite foam) as the core of the heat exchanger. Advantages and challenges in using these novel coolant and thermal material will be identified and compared with those using conventional coolant and thermal material. The successful application of such high-performance coolant and thermal material in vehicle thermal management systems will result in the benefits including: improved thermal performance, significant weight savings, reduced cooling power, and fuel savings.

INTERNATIONAL MEZZO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
7167 Florda Blvd
Baton Rouge, LA 70806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(225) 706-0191
Charles Becnel
ARMY 08-153      Awarded: 11/18/2008
Title:Improved Thermal Management Systems using Plastic
Abstract:The objective of the program is to develop and demonstrate a new lightweight, low- pressure drop, low cost, high heat transfer heat exchanger material for military vehicles. Mezzo Technologies of Baton Rouge, Louisiana designs and manufactures heat exchangers whose design is fundamentally different from traditional compact heat exchangers. This program will focus on developing a plastic heat exchanger to demonstrate the technology. These results can be applied to a wide range of military vehicles and types of heat exchangers. Some of the types of heat exchangers include: evaporator, condenser, oil cooler, intercooler, and radiators.

Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
Hammonds South, Unit Q 611 North Hammonds Ferry Road
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 636-9350
Keith Bridger
ARMY 08-154      Awarded: 3/1/2009
Title:High Temperature Capacitors for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Abstract:Active Signal Technologies, in collaboration with Novacap, Alfred University and Lockheed Martin, proposes in Phase I to build a compact-design 700-V, 50 μF high temperature capacitor module. The module is populated with 1 μF capacitors based on a newly developed sodium bismuth titanate (NBT) dielectric with outstanding electrical performance to 200°C and beyond. Its novel design allows for 115°C coolant flow between the module stack layers, and the geometrical layout of components within the array layers provides for very low ESR and ESL. NBT was selected because of its very low combined temperature and voltage coefficient which gives rise to a net capacitance change < 20% across the band from -40°C to +200°C at full voltage stress. The capacitor is particularly well suited to handling high ripple current because of its low loss (< 2%) and low frequency dispersion to 60 kHz. The proposal addresses key issues of reliability, failure modes, size and cost. New formulations are investigated to increase dielectric constant and reduce component size. In the Phase I Option and Phase II, nano processing techniques will be introduced to reduce intrinsic flaw size, raise breakdown strength and lower sintering temperature to enable the use of base metal electrodes.

TPL, Inc.
3921 Academy Parkway North, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 342-4440
Lew Bragg
ARMY 08-154      Awarded: 3/1/2009
Title:High Temperature Nano-composite Film Capacitors for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Abstract:qFuture ground vehicles for Army applications are envisioned to use hybrid electric propulsion. Hybrid electric vehicles will require electrical power systems which are more compact and more efficient than those used in current vehicles. Power converters are being developed to fit this requirement, operating at high frequencies to reduce the size of passive components such as capacitors and inductors. DC bus capacitors for these converters are a major consumer of available volume in present designs. Reduction in the size of DC bus capacitors for power converters would be highly desirable, while still providing high temperature (up to 200¢XC) and high frequency (greater than 60 kHz) ripple current capability, and maintaining efficiency, reliability, and service life. TPL will develop a novel nano-composite dielectric film and capacitor technology that is compact, fault-tolerant and withstands the operating temperature and ripple current requirements for the Army¡¦s envisioned hybrid electric vehicle. TPL has extensive experience in the development of nano-composite material systems for advanced dielectric properties and associated high performance capacitors. The capacitor is projected to have a packaged specific capacitance > 1.2 ƒÝF/cm3, an operating temperature range of -40 to +200 „aC and adapt easily to converter circuits and cooling systems.

Global Embedded Technologies, Inc.
23900 Freeway Park Drive
Farmington Hills, MI 48335
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 888-9696
Mark Stanczak
ARMY 08-156      Awarded: 3/1/2009
Title:Power Management for a Safe and Robust Vehicle-Grid Solution
Abstract:Mobile military operations often require the use of generators for power. The loss of power due to a generator failure can compromise survivability. A military vehicle offers an option to quickly restore power, but misuse by demanding too much power by can destroy the vehicle’s power system, possibly worsening an already bad situation. Use of several military vehicles together would spread the power demand burden, but compatibility of disjointed sources is a issue. This is a power export challenge. Likewise, military vehicles contain advanced technology for surveillance and defense. When stationary power is available, vehicle assets should be used without having to burn fuel or deplete the vehicle’s batteries. Future electric vehicles will depend on power sources to recharge batteries. This is a power import challenge. This program addresses the challenges of vehicle power export and import by using advanced power management to provide safe and robust power solutions that will not compromise the primary mission of the vehicle.

US Hybrid
445 Maple Ave.
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 212-1200
Abas Goodarzi
ARMY 08-156      Awarded: 3/1/2009
Title:Exportable Vehicle Power Using Cognitive Power Management
Abstract:A network of the Distributed exportable power Generation "DG" with each DG capable of having local power and energy management. The main power and energy control is based on the real time power generation and the reserve capacity of the DG unit. All DG units communicate via CAN J1939 with local and remote operation option. Each DG is capable of 4-quadrant P-Q operation.

IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl A. Palmer
ARMY 08-157      Awarded: 12/16/2008
Title:Drinking Water Quality Sensor System (Dr. Watsen)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with Dr. Lynn Fuller of Rochester Institute of Technology, with oversight from SFA's Defense Products Division (DPD) who produce the Tactical Water Purification System (TWPS) for the military, proposes to develop a MEMS based sensor platform that integrates several key water quality tests into a single chip. These tests are pH, free residual chlorine, turbidity, temperature, total dissolved solids (TDS), and biological contaminants. This system will provide soldiers in the field with real-time monitoring of their water supply to guard against disease and toxic agents. Key tasks for Phase I include: 1) Finalizing sensing technologies to measure desired parameters, 2) Designing and producing prototype MEMS chips, 3) Packaging prototypes for testing - developing supporting electronics to perform signal conditioning and data analysis, 4) Determining metrics of successful system operation based upon currently accepted standards of water quality monitoring: characterizing the MEMS sensor performance 5) Comparing MEMS system performance to that of commercially available water monitoring systems and sensors 6) Identifying and integrating necessary system modifications to meet Army goals for the Phase II effort. 7) Determine the path towards deployment as part of productization for potable water systems in Phase II and beyond.

SYNTROTEK CORP.
2525 Arapahoe Ave. Suite E4-164
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 841-7852
Ross C. Thomas
ARMY 08-157      Awarded: 11/25/2008
Title:Microfluidic Sensors for In-line Water Monitoring Applications
Abstract:The proposed SBIR project addresses the U.S. Army’s desire to confirm, on a real-time basis, the quality of drinking water supplies produced by Military tactical water purification systems that are used to ensure the safety of U.S. soldiers. The development/commercialization of new microfluidic sensors, as discussed herein, provides an innovative solution for reliably integrating together a multitude of water quality measurements (i.e., TDS, pH, turbidity, free chlorine residual, temperature, TOC, DO, conductivity, etc.) inside an autonomous, in-line sensor package. For example, microfluidic-based sensors (i.e., MEMs, Micro Analytical Systems, Lab-On-A-Chip Devices, etc.) have unprecedented commercial potential for enabling new water monitoring breakthroughs for military, government and commercial sector applications. Value-added benefits that make microfluidic sensors commercially attractive include: low end-user costs, simple/non-technical deployment capabilities, device ruggedness, fast response times and excellent sensitivity/selectivity to the desired target analytes in the presence of chemical/physical interferences. Phase I research efforts will focus on demonstrating the technical efficacy of the proposed microfluidic sensor technology in relation to commercially available water quality sensors/analyzers, which are presently used to continually (versus periodically) verify the proper operation of water purification systems in real time.

Materia, Inc.
60 N. San Gabriel Blvd
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 584-8400
Farshad J. Motamedi
ARMY 08-159      Awarded: 2/12/2009
Title:Advanced Additives to Improve Fire Resistant Fuels (FRF)
Abstract:The Army needs a fire resistant fuel (FRF) that is safe from incendiary threat, limiting the ability of the enemy to use fuel as a weapon. We propose a fuel additive that will severely reduce the vulnerability of Army vehicles upon ballistic impact by preventing the fuel forming a mist of small droplets, inhibiting explosive combustion and flame propagation. Recent discoveries at Caltech have led to the design of an associative polymeric additive that will overcome limitations inherent in previous efforts by the Army and the aviation industry to develop mist-control FRFs. Such materials will represent a disruptive advance, combining effectiveness at extremely low concentrations (<1000 ppm), resistance to shear degradation, little-to-no impact on fuel performance or logistics, and no increase in fuel toxicity. Materia proposes to develop these mist-control polymeric additives at acceptable cost using its Nobel Prize winning metathesis technologies, working with Caltech and JPL. In Phase I, we will demonstrate associative polymeric additives effective as FRF. In Phase II, we will scale up the synthesis to enable large scale Army tests. In both Phases we will consult with the Southwest Research Institute to collaborate on a diversity of experiments relevant to full-scale implementation as the project evolves.

VECNA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5004 Lehigh Avenue
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Andreas Hofmann
ARMY 08-160      Awarded: 12/18/2008
Title:Intelligent Multi-modal Ground Robotic Mobility
Abstract:The Army has a critical need for high performance robotic mobility platforms that can quickly and efficiently traverse challenging terrain, particularly those that would be encountered in a wartime urban environment. In order to accomplish these tasks, such robotic vehicles must have continuous contact and discrete contact locomotion modalities (e.g., tracks and legs) and must have the intelligence to automatically select and operate in the mode most suitable and efficient for the current situation. The proposed ultra-mobile unmanned vehicle platform features an automatically adaptable locomotion articulation. Key innovations include a novel hybrid/tracked mobility platform design with sufficient degrees of freedom and range of motion to allow for a great variety of interesting locomotion modes, a novel rotary hydraulic actuator with high strength, high range of motion, high speed, and adjustable compliance. An advanced control system supports highly energy efficient operation, thus increasing mission time between recharge/refueling. An advanced navigation system analyzes the local terrain in the vicinity of the robot, automatically plans locomotion trajectories in terms of center of mass, foot placements, and track movement, and then executes this plan. This mobility platform will provide a significant mobility improvement over wheeled systems.

CELLULAR MATERIALS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
2 Boar's Head Lane
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 977-1405
Yellapu V. Murty
ARMY 08-161      Awarded: 12/16/2008
Title:Tactical Vehicle Underbody Blast Energy Absorber Kit
Abstract:CMI proposes a MicroTrussTM armor solution which is capable of absorbing at least 30% of a blast equivalent to a STANAG 4569 Level 2 Blast (6 kg of explosives detonated under the center of the vehicle at a standoff of 16”, or roughly equal to the clearance height of a Humvee less the depth of the proposed armor solution). By absorbing this blast energy, the armor will minimize damage to the vehicle skin and reduce the vertical lift and the internal g-forces. This armor solution will weigh less than 20 psf and will be able to be produced cost-effectively.