---------- ARMY ----------

84 Phase I Selections from the 08.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
General Opto Solutions, LLC
1366 Ridge Master Drive
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-5982
Claire (Fang) Luo
ARMY 08-162      Awarded: 1/27/2009
Title: Unconventional broadband IR optical system for the advanced multi-functional, low scattering loss, high discrimination capability LADAR seeker and im
Abstract:The primary objective of this proposed research effort is to develop an unconventional broadband infrared (IR) optical system for the advanced multi-functional, lower scattering loss, higher discrimination capability LADAR seeker and IR imager. The key innovation of the proposed system is harnessing a novel super-broadband IR source that can cove the near IR (NIR), middle IR (MWIR), and long wave IR (LWIR) spectral regime. Such a broadband supercontinuum IR source is realized via the nonlinear broadening of the narrow spectrum pumping light beam in highly IR transmissive, high laser damage threshold optical fibers and/or waveguides. The major advantages of the proposed optical system include following unique feastures: (1) it is the most effective way to realize the Broadband IR source, (2) it has a much reduced scattering propagation loss (at least an order) due to the involvement of the long IR wavelength, (3) it can significantly increase the target recognition capability because it can provide not only the geometric information of the target but also the material composition of the target (an effective way to fight camouflaged targets), and (4) it also enable many other critical applications such as active IR imaging, countering-IR imaging, and long range standoff chemical and explosive detections.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Keller''s Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
ARMY 08-163      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Tactical Ballistic Projectile Acoustic Signature Modeling
Abstract:This proposal is focused on the development of a comprehensive aero-acoustic toolkit that can predict acoustic signatures of tactical projectiles. Development will focus on identification of noise generation mechanisms and their spectral content, propagation of the noise through non-uniform media accounting for effects of atmospheric attenuation and dispersion as well as prediction of the far-field signatures. The primary focus of the proposal is characterization of the shock structure associated with the projectiles and prediction of the N-wave signature at the ground, while accounting for effects of geometric effects such as fins and control surfaces, as well as thermal stratification and wind effects in the atmosphere. Additionally secondary sources such as wake noise, shock-boundary layer interaction, as well as amplification of flow instabilities coupling with shock structures will also be investigated for noise predictions beyond boom cut-off locations. The innovation proposed here will result in an aeroacoustics simulation and prediction capability that will cover the entire spectrum of linear and non-linear acoustics in analyzing sound generation and propagation for a wide range of applications.

MARK Resources, Inc.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
Richard L. Mitchell
ARMY 08-164      Awarded: 2/20/2009
Title:Fire Control Radar for Engagement of Tactical Short-Range Airborne Threats
Abstract:MARK Resources proposes to develop an innovative fire control radar to accurately locate and track short-range airborne threats over a wide surveillance sector, and provide engagement support to counter these threats. The radar will be portable and designed to acquire multiple threats out to at least 10 km range and support engagements out to 5 km range. It will be capable of operating under any weather conditions.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3402
E. Jeff Holder
ARMY 08-164      Awarded: 2/23/2009
Title:Innovative Fire Control Radar Technology for Improved Sensing and Engagement of Tactical Short-Range Airborne Threats
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes an innovative distributed aperture radar technology that uses waveform diversity for effective implementation of fire control and engagement capabilities to defeat multiple attacks from any direction. Force protection against low-cost, ballistic threats imposes challenges for a Fire Control Radar (FCR) that is charged with tracking and directing fire to negate these threats. An FCR is required to support several functions such as search, track, weapon assignment, target engagement, impact point prediction, and launch point estimation. The proposed PRA radar technology reduces radar resources required to deal with these functions through the implementation of three (or more) distributed phased arrays to provide enhanced multipath mitigation and improved accuracy over conventional radar architectures. The distributed aperture radar can implement both command guidance and a unique semi-active guidance concept in a single radar design without adding significant cost to a missile interceptor. The semi-active guidance technology integrates elements of command guidance and semi-active guidance to address saturated threat attacks without seriously impacting cost and radar resources.

Applied Technology Associates
1300 Britt SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 767-1262
Steve Wasson
ARMY 08-165      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Embedded Miniature Motion Imagery Transmitter (EMMIT)
Abstract:Applied Technology Associates proposes to develop an Embedded Miniature Motion Imagery Transmitter (EMMIT) based on the latest FPGA platform technology to capture, compress, and transmit multi-resolution, multi-bit-depth, and multi-rate motion imagery in a rugged, low size, weight, and power (SWaP) form factor. The EMMIT will possess the following key features: • Support of camera interfaces such as CameraLink and Gigabit Ethernet with the ability to add future interfaces with minimal physical changes. • Innovative FPGA-based implementation of high performance video compression standards such as H.264 and JPEG-2000 to reduce transmission bandwidth. • Video transmission over high-speed Gigabit Ethernet. • Accurate frame time-stamping aided by an absolute time reference provided by GPS. • Total latency from capture to transmission of less than 100 milli-seconds. • Compliance with Motion Imagery Standards Profile. • The ability to remotely reconfigure the camera and FPGA to accommodate changing mission requirements. The FPGA platform is the best technology for this application due to the high performance it can achieve with parallel signal processing hardware and its ability to reconfigure and adapt to future technology and evolving application requirements. EMMIT will be an innovative technology solution in applications that require the remote capture of motion imagery.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg.100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
ARMY 08-165      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Media Application Codec Hierarchy Using Embedded Active Transform Hardware
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for advanced, compact, low-power, low-latency, embedded video encoding and transmission hardware, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Media Application Codec Hierarchy using Embedded Active Transform Hardware (MACHEATH) technology. This proposed technology is based on single- instruction multiple-data (SIMD) digital signal processors (DSPs), a low-latency (<100 ms) plug-in multimedia codec architecture, multiple communication link support, and a graphical user interface. The innovation in video encoding and transmission embedded hardware will enable MACHEATH to offer full support of DoD Motion Imagery Standards Profiles (MISP) across multiple (up to 8 H.264) channels, with full support of current and future- generation video encoding schemes such as H.264, VC-1, and JPEG2000. As a result, this technology offers low-latency (<100 ms) and very low-power-consumption (<6 W at 3.7 V) video encoding in a compact (about 3 in. x 5 in. x 2 in.) rugged package, which ensures that it directly address the Army’s requirements for embedded video encoding hardware. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MACHEATH by developing the system architecture and core codecs and libraries. In Phase II, POC plans to fabricate the MACHEATH hardware and finalize the codec and library development.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Jason D. Hannon
ARMY 08-165      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Embedded Miniature Motion Imagery Transmitter
Abstract:High quality video sensors are an invaluable tool for the defense community, enabling unprecedented capabilities for command and control applications. These video systems traditionally use advanced image compression algorithms and Gigabit Ethernet for low latency transmission of large volumes of data. However, these are processing intensive tasks, resulting in large, rack mount solutions. There currently is no compact, low power transmitter capable of delivering high quality, low latency imagery. To address this need, Toyon proposes to develop a highly integrated solution comprised of a third party, ASIC for H.264 motion video compression and transmission, and an FPGA to support multiple camera interfaces. The design will be modular allowing the Embedded Miniature Motion Imagery Transmitter (EMMIT) to support a variety of camera interface modules for the greatest flexibility in the smallest possible package. This combination of compact form- factor, low power consumption, high processing capability, plus flexible interfacing will provide maximum utility for the Army.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Jack Thiesen
ARMY 08-166      Awarded: 2/5/2009
Title:Range Tracking System
Abstract:EMAG Technologies’ Phase I SBIR proposal addresses the United States Army’s need for a mobile tracking system capable of providing real-time Time Space Position Information (TSPI) for small missiles, rockets, aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVS) for use on test ranges across the country. Our proposed system overcomes the limitations faced by current radar systems used to track low-flying targets on test ranges and extends these benefits to a large range of ballistic projectiles as well aerial vehicles. The proposed system is capable of all weather operation, including accurate tracking in dense smoke, torrential rain, and driving snow. It is inexpensive, inherently easy to deploy, low- maintenance, and low-cost. The system is also compact and scalable, making it possible to integrate onto UAVS and other mobile platforms.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Chadwick Cox
ARMY 08-167      Awarded: 2/19/2009
Title:Time Variation of Workflow Processes to Confound Enemy Proactivity
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) proposes to develop a new method for ensuring that workflow processes are opaque to the enemy. That is, the enemy cannot produce effective counter operations by leveraging knowledge of how U.S. Army institutions work. Simultaneously, the U.S. Army’s internal processes will remain transparent and understandable to coordinating units with appropriate access. Any workflow, algorithm, or controller can be augmented so long as the stakeholders can agree to allowable variations in their processes, enabling flexibility of choice. This issue is particularly important with regards to workflows that involve information fusion and reduction. This is because such workflows provide the enemy with an opportunity to exploit artificial limitations on the knowledge of battlefield commanders and their support organizations. AAC will also apply a unique sensor fusion method to the task of fusing what would otherwise be an overwhelming stream of information into usable inputs to a planning system.

Modus Operandi, Inc.
122 Fourth Avenue
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 984-3370
Richard Hull
ARMY 08-168      Awarded: 3/17/2009
Title:Vocabulary Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (V-ISR)
Abstract:In this Vocabulary Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (V-ISR) effort, Modus Operandi proposes to address a high priority technology risk for DCGS-A, text-based data analytics, by developing natural language sensor bots. The bots will be synchronized to patrol data feeds, extracting vocabulary, relating it to concepts of interest to Military Intelligence analysts, and making the knowledge available to other software components. The resulting automated natural language processing capabilities will support advancements in fusion and exploitation of raw data intelligence products that contain natural language text. We believe that such a high degree of automation is essential to feasibly address the massive volume of data feeds without placing an undue burden on analysts. The ‘seed’ ontology at the core of our innovation is the key to making autonomous Natural Language Processing (NLP) feasible and efficient.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4756
Sendil Rangaswamy
ARMY 08-169      Awarded: 3/12/2009
Title:Geospatial BioAgents Detection (G-BAD)
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes a nanosensor based thin-film cartridge to aid in conjunction with a geospatial mote network to monitor biological threat agents on range soils and battlefields. The capability to quickly detect and classify different biological warfare agents (BWAs) will provide ample time for soldiers and law enforcement personnel to prepare and counteract. The key innovations of the proposed plug and use cartridge include: a) the use of a miniature, low-cost, and commercially available mass- sensitive transducer to ensure the high sensitivity, b) the use of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) receptor and DNA aptamers coatings to greatly enhance the sensor’s selectivity and sensitivity for different BWAs, c) the design of a compact, low power consumption circuit for data acquisition and analysis for the mote, and d) plug and use cartridge with motes for different bioagents with response time of detection in minutes. The key advantages of the system are (1) Simple, compact, and low cost, (2) High sensitivity and selectivity, (3) Long-lasting (4) No wet process, and (5) Automatic data acquisition and interpretation on Plug and Use

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Jaquitta Daniels
ARMY 08-169      Awarded: 3/31/2009
Title:A, Small, Low Power, SERS Based Bioagent Detection Module for use within Geospatial Networked Motes.
Abstract:There is a need for near-real time detection (less than 5 minutes), quantification, and location of biological threat agents in trace quantities given a release within the air column and on battlefields to support troop mobility. Currently, self-contained networked motes are being developed, but lack a modular, swappable nano-film based sensor for the recognition of biological threat agents. Ideal sensor modules would be inexpensive, low power, robust, maintenance free, provide accurate readings in a wide variety of environments, and be flexibly adaptable to detect more than one type of target. Sensor modules that are “smart”, containing embedded processing capabilities for in-place, real- time analysis of raw sensor data, reducing the data management and bandwidth burden on the rest of the wireless network and backend data processing, would be highly advantageous. The objective of this proposed work is to develop such a sensing module, based on the efficient implementation of a miniaturized surface enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy (SERS) concept. . This Phase I effort will include: the evaluation SERS substrate preparation processes, the evaluation of higher level system interface hardware/firmware, the evaluation of the optical sensing module hardware/packaging design concepts, and the construction and proof of principle demonstration of first generation hardware.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Melanie M. Tomczak
ARMY 08-169      Awarded: 3/31/2009
Title:Nanosensor Cartridge for Bioagent Detection within Geospatial Networked Motes
Abstract:Detection of biological warfare agents in a real-world setting is an increasingly urgent problem. Many of the current state-of-the-art sensors are aqueous based and require large biomolecules, such as antibodies, to achieve binding of the target molecule and subsequent reporting of the binding event. These technical hurdles are a drawback when considering deployment of these technologies to a battlefield situation. Here, we propose a sensor that is based on short peptide sequences that act as ligands for the target(s) of interest. Due to their small size, these ligands are not susceptible to conformational instability and the sensors should have a long lifetime even when deployed. Additionally, the sensor incorporates an exponential amplification of the output signal when the target of interest binds, effectively eliminating the background and false positive results.

Redondo Optics, Inc.
811 N. Catalina Avenue, Suite 1100
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 292-7673
Edgar A. Mendoza
ARMY 08-170      Awarded: 3/16/2009
Title:Portable, Stand-Off, Stereoscopic Terahertz Frequency-Domain (ViewTerahz™) Viewer for Through-The-Wall Mapping of Urban Structures
Abstract:Redondo Optics Inc. (ROI), proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate to the Army a portable, stand-off, stereoscopic terahertz frequency-domain (ViewTerahz™) viewer capable of through-the-wall, three-dimensional mapping of urban structures. This proposal addresses the problem of through-the-wall, three-dimensional mapping and scanning of the interior of buildings, dwellings, and rooms common in an urban settings and to characterize the objects inside without exposing the war fighter to harm when entering the structure. In the Phase I program, ROI will demonstrate to the ARMY a bench- top prototype of a ViewTerahz™ system that can detect THz signatures through common urban materials and create 3-D stereoscopic THz images of structures and objects located at a remote distance from the observation point. In Phase II, ROI will develop a stand-off ViewTerahz™ system based on the technical specifications recommended by the ARMY and potential commercial and government customers. Since the end of the Cold War, American military forces have been patrolling foreign cities through out the world. ROI’s ViewTerahz™ system will provide a first level support tool to the military for the stand-off characterization of unknown threats in urban environments as well as for law enforcement engaged in security operations at home.

BlazeTech Corp.
24 Thorndike St.
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-0700
Venkat Devarakonda
ARMY 08-171      Awarded: 3/17/2009
Title:Predictive Simulation of Chemical and Biological Agents in Potable Water Systems
Abstract:Accidental or intentional contamination of water distribution systems with chemical and biological agents and contaminants can have long-lasting and disastrous consequences. Existing DoD and municipal utility installations currently are not equipped to handle such events. This is due to a lack of (1) sensitive fast-response sensors to detect several types of contaminants in the network, (2) accurate physics based simulation tools to predict the contaminant fate and transport, and (3) decontamination methods. The objective of this SBIR project is to develop a physics-based sensor enabled simulation software to predict contaminant fate and transport in potable water systems. We propose to build this software by expanding BlazeTech’s windows-based object oriented biological contaminant fate and transport software called H2OFate. H2OFate currently has models for hydraulics simulation, water quality analysis and biological contaminant fate and transport analysis. We propose to improve these models, add chemical contaminant capability, a source inversion model, interfaces for SCADA systems and GIS and perform software verification and validation in this SBIR project. The software thus developed can be used to predict the fate and transport of chemical, biological and radiological agents, toxic industrial chemicals, disinfection byproducts, bacteria, viruses, protozoa, toxins and residual disinfectants in water distribution networks.

Electrical Distribution Design
311 Cherokee Drive
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-2753
Robert Broadwater
ARMY 08-171      Awarded: 3/31/2009
Title:Predictive Simulation of Chemical and Biological Agents in Potable Water Systems
Abstract:Electrical Distribution Design (EDD) proposes to develop model-based water contaminant simulation and vulnerability assessment software applications that will operate from within EDD’s Distributed Engineering Workstation (Dew) software. Work will be based on modification of existing Dew Water Quality Analysis and Reconfiguration for Damage Isolation and Recovery applications. Dew water quality analysis will be modified by adding a diffusion module that gets called together with mixing and reaction to perform fate and transport analysis. Both the diffusion and reaction modules will be structured to use dynamic linked library (dll) equation files that users define using a template. The software will also be able to use a standard set of equation dlls developed by EDD. This will provide for modifying, adding and removing contaminant analysis equations in a way that is seamless to the user without compromising application performance. Vulnerability assessment will be based on extension of Dew’s mission priority based damage isolation and reconfiguration for recovery analysis application. This will make it possible to structure potable water system vulnerability assessment and sensor placement evaluation as integrated parts of multi-objective model-based design and real-time monitoring analysis for reliability, survivability and cost.

Global Quality Corp.
8449 Beechmont Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45255
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 474-9480
Sudhir Kshirsagar
ARMY 08-171      Awarded: 3/9/2009
Title:NetSafe- Enhanced Water Distribution NETwork SAFEty through a Predictive Simulation Software
Abstract:In this proposal, Global Quality Corp., in collaboration with researchers from University of Cincinnati and Wright State University, proposes to develop NetSafe –a systemwide simulation software for predictive simulation of the fate and transport of chemical and biological agents in DWDS. Based on real-time hydraulic and water quality measurements, NetSafe will be capable of reliably identifying the presence of chemical and biological agents and predicting the transport of such contaminants in DWDS for vulnerability analysis and optimal emergency response. NetSafe will convert various recent research efforts to commercial grade software components inside a robust integration framework. The proposed methodology is based on research work conducted by the team in the recent two years and has the following advantages. First, a novel contaminant detection method combining local information with valuable systemwide information is employed to improve detection performance. Second, the proposed backtracking based contaminant source identification algorithm is computationally efficient and suitable for real-world applications. Third, our in-house EPANET multi species extension (MSX) software tools are capable of modeling different physicochemical mechanisms and offers great flexibility for water quality modeling. Fourth, hydraulic models are calibrated online to improve modeling accuracy.

Energid Technologies
124 Mount Auburn Street Suite 200 North
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 547-4100
Pablo Valdivia y Alvarado
ARMY 08-172      Awarded: 2/4/2009
Title:Autonomous Airway Management
Abstract:In nearly all circumstances airway management is given highest priority in clinical care. Though endotracheal intubation (ETI) is a common procedure, it requires trained and skilled clinicians to perform the procedure safely and in a timely manner, making it an excellent candidate for a robotic solution. Energid will develop a portable turnkey system for autonomous and semi-autonomous intubation. The proposed system employs closed- loop control and real-time motion compensation for robust operation under varied environments and patient topologies. A tendon-driven micro-robotic system capable of precision control tracheal contour following coupled with a generic head-neck immobilization device is one innovation in our approach. Successful and safe intubations are achieved through a series of closed loop systems including visual servoing, real-time force feedback motion compensation, liquid clearance for vomit control, and successful intubation detection.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
James Goldie
ARMY 08-172      Awarded: 2/4/2009
Title:Autonomous Airway Management
Abstract:Development of a portable robotic system is proposed that will perform endotracheal intubation of the trauma patient. A specialized robot will work in concert with field medics or other robots to perform endotracheal intubation at the point of injury, allowing establishment of a secure airway within the critical first few minutes after an injury is sustained. Both semi-autonomous and autonomous operation will be considered. Phase I will be a design tradeoff study, addressing the key technical challenges of the robotic system: initial placement and oral insertion, guidance and navigation, control and steering, passage through the vocal cords to the trachea, verification of tracheal placement, and deployment in extreme environmental conditions. In addition, methods for robotic approach and placement on the patient (from a designated start position) will also be considered, a requirement for autonomous operation. The project team consisting of engineers and physicians will (1) define and document user requirements of the robotic intubation system, (2) identify candidate designs for addressing each of the key technical challenges, (3) perform a design tradeoff study to determine the relative pros and cons of the candidate designs, and (4) document a recommended design for prototype fabrication, test and demonstration in Phase II.

BioMedomics, Inc.
6 Davis Drive
Durham, NC 27709
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 883-5542
Frank Wang
ARMY 08-173      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Highly Sensitive Hand-Held Device for Quantitative Multiplex Protein Analysis Using Time-Resolved Assay
Abstract:The point of care (POC) testing device is a very important tool for the Army in many different applications such as assessing the extent and effects of toxic and hazardous chemical exposure during deployments. Currently, a major challenge for POC testing technology is related to achieving multiplex capabilities with high detection sensitivity and quantification. In this proposal, we will apply our proprietary technologies in lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA), novel nanoparticles and time-resolved luminescent detection to technology development for a compact system for multiplex Lateral Flow Immunoassay (MLFIA). These proprietary technologies are well beyond the state of the art currently in practice, and are expected to increase test sensitivity by orders of magnitude as well as provide needed quantitation not available in today’s LFIA tests. As with other POC testing devices, we will perform minimally invasive sampling of blood from fingers and utilize this small volume sample in MLFIA test strips read by our system. Time-resolved detection with long lifetime probes provides many significant advantages in sensitivity and practical uses since the detection signal is detected based on the signal’s time-domain separation. This is very important for Army and clinical diagnostics applications, because the detection background noise coming from clinical samples and autofluorescence/scattering signals from strip materials are always issues for diagnostic sensitivity. At the end of the Phase I, we will provide a proof-of-concept demonstration of our MLFIA technology with of multiple well-known protein analytes.

Phoenix Biosystem
6833 Corte Munras
Pleasanton, CA 94566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 998-5075
Kumar Subramanian
ARMY 08-173      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Hand-held Device for Multiplex Analysis of Proteins in Blood
Abstract:Phoenix Biosystem proposes to develop a hand-held, point-of-care (POC) analyzer that would be a unified device capable of collecting blood samples from personnel in a painless, minimally invasive manner, performing necessary sample processing, and providing results for specific biomarkers within 10 minutes or less. The protein biomarkers will be assayed in a novel multiplex format performing at least several tens of simultaneous or near-simultaneous quantitative assays for proteins of interest in a compact platform

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
ARMY 08-173      Awarded: 1/23/2009
Title:Multiplex Biomarker Detection Device
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a field-portable point-of-care multiplex biomarker detection device to assess the extent and effects of toxic and hazardous chemical exposure during deployments, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the new Multiplex Biomarker Detection (MBD) device. The MBD device will be composed of a microfluidic chip, miniature pump, and electro-optical readout subsystem integrating a light delivery unit, miniature spectrometer, microprocessor, and liquid crystal display. The MBD system will carry out label-free and reagent-free automated quantitative detection of multiple protein biomarkers in a single run of a 50-microliters blood specimen in 10 min. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the MBD device by fabricating a prototype and demonstrating its ability to identify ten human cytokines spiked into human blood at sensitivity levels close to those demonstrated with the gold standard methods. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the MBD design and performance parameters so the system will be able to detect several tens of proteins in blood specified by USACEHR with high sensitivity and specificity in approximately 10 min.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Kathie Berghorn
ARMY 08-174      Awarded: 1/30/2009
Title:Water Toxicity Detection using Genetically Engineered Yeast
Abstract:The rapid evaluation of drinking water toxicity in the field is a necessity for the safety of our soldiers. To achieve field portability and sensitive screening for identification of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) a handheld device that is biologically-based and easy to use with components that remain viable for 6 months would be ideal. In this Phase I, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop an accurate and efficient cell-based biosensor using engineered yeast to rapidly evaluate toxicity in drinking water. This methodology will use Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast measuring two different outcomes to ensure TIC detection accuracy. This novel yeast strain will be lyophilized for long term storage and is expected to be responsive to a variety of TICs.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-5724
Paul Panetta
ARMY 08-175      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Hand-Carried Ultrasonic Coagulation Function Profiler
Abstract:Recent statistics suggest that up to one-third of military trauma victims have a blood coagulation defect that prevents traditional hemorrhage control measures from working. Unfortunately, clinical evidence of coagulopathy can be difficult to observe, while standard laboratory tests for coagulation function may take 30–60 min from blood sampling to availability of results even in ideal clinical settings. Viscoelastic measurements such as thromboelastography (TEG) provide a global test of coagulation function that has been shown to better correlate to risk of blood transfusion in trauma patients, and are more amenable to point of care testing, than laboratory tests. Further miniaturization of this technology is needed, however, for far-forward combat casualty care. In this Phase I, Luna will show that quantitative ultrasound can provide equivalent measurements of coagulation dynamics to the TEG using electronics amenable to a handheld device. This research, conducted in conjunction with Virginia Commonwealth University, will also show that ultrasonic particle sizing technology in development at Luna can provide additional data on the composition of blood relating to platelet count and activation using the same electronics and hardware.

Michigan Critical Care Consultants, Inc.
3550 West Liberty Suite 3
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 995-9089
Scott I. Merz
ARMY 08-175      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Hand-held Coagulation Function Profiler
Abstract:A rugged, hand-held coagulation profile device, based on thromboelastometry, will be developed. Robust measurements under adverse conditions will be assured through a model-driven design approach that will maintain the functionality of current clinical devices while decreasing sensitivities to vibration and orientation of the instrument. The sensing elements will be calibrated with the clinical gold standard instruments. The device will be fabricated using a unique manufacturing technique, whereby precise laser machining of fused silica is used to create a small glass monolith with 3-dimensional flow channels, actuators, and integrated optical sensing components. This technique has been proven to be durable under harsh conditions, and to maintain calibration under harsh handling. The resulting instrument will be ideally suited for military settings, and will provide significant benefits as a commercial analytical device in civilian hospitals.

Biomedica Management Corp
760 Parkside Avenue Suite 210
Brooklyn, NY 11226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 270-2749
Maya Nowakowski
ARMY 08-176      Awarded: 1/24/2009
Title:non-compressible Biodegradable Hemostatic Agent
Abstract:we propose to determine the biocompatibility of ClotFoam and enhance its hemostastic and non-compressible sealing effects against a severe parenchymial hemorrhage caused by a wound grade V affecting major vessels, which represents a lethal case in combat injuries. The strategy is to develop a second-generation fibrin sealant that will be carried by the current scaffold to the lacerated site. SPECIFIC AIM 1: to determine the biocompatibility, toxicity, enzymatic degradation and cell viability properties of the conjugated/modified polymers used to produce the ClotFoam scaffold. SPECIFIC AIM 2: Develop a 2nd generation of fibrin sealant that enhances platelet plug formation and provides enhanced anchors and better affinity of the fibrin clot to endothelial tissue. SPECIFIC AIM 3. Develop a standardized ex vivo model to evaluate the adhesion and sealing properties of a second generation fibrin sealant to endothelial tissue. The strategy to develop such advanced sealant includes: a) a shorter polymerization time to produce a functional fibrin clot over lacerated bleeding tissue, b) stimulation of the platelet plug formation which is the primary hemostasis process that will help stop the bleeding, c) reduction of fibrynolitic activity through the use of thrombin mutants with no affinity to protein C, d) Identification of the role of fibronectin and vitronectin as bridge molecules between cells and fibrin through binding to the a5b1-or avb3-receptor. In addition, fibronectin also binds fibrin exclusively through the aC-domain. This binding site is not accessible in fibrinogen, but becomes exposed in fibrin. Vitronectin directly associates with fibrin, preferentially to the carboxy-terminal c¢-chain of the fibrin(ogen) cA/c¢-chain variant.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0159
Michael Danilich
ARMY 08-176      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Biodegradable Chitosan Gel Intracavitary Hemostatic Agent
Abstract:Hemorrhage is the leading cause of death from battlefield trauma. Approximately 80% of hemorrhagic deaths on the battlefield are due to intracavitary hemorrhage that is not accessible to direct pressure. Noncompressible hemorrhage is also a primary cause of death in civilian trauma. Unfortunately, methods available to first responders to control hemorrhage are only useful for extremity or superficial truncal injuries and the only viable treatment for intracavitary hemorrhage is surgical intervention. Luna Innovations proposes to develop an intracavitary hemostatic agent that is a low-viscosity, neutral pH liquid at room temperature, but rapidly expands into a biocompatible, bioadhesive, biodegradable and hemostatic foaming gel upon delivery. The gelling hemostatic agent will be administered by a delivery system that will provide sufficient tamponade to control capillary/venous bleeding and surface oozing, allow interaction of the agent with injured tissues in the vicinity of pooled and/or flowing blood, and provide an ability to gauge proper positioning and real time assessment of success. The stored and transported liquid hemostatic agent and delivery system will be stable, small, lightweight, low-cost and easy to use.

Universal Stabilization Technologies, Inc.
4050 Sorrento Valley Blvd, Suite L
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 625-2890
Victor Bronshtein
ARMY 08-176      Awarded: 1/24/2009
Title:Biodegradable Hemostatic Agents for Penetrating Wounds
Abstract:Badly needed in the military and civilian trauma fields is a product that can stop severe arterial and/or venous bleeding, that is safe, reliable, stores well at ambient temperatures, is sterilizable and biodegradable so that additional surgery is not required after use. UST and a team of experts collectively have had successes in all requirements of this contract. UST provides a patented technology, Preservation by Vaporization, (PBV) that can dry-preserve labile components so that they are stable at ambient temperatures, including platelets, and clotting factors. Preliminary studies with platelet-embedded bandages show great promise in ability to stop hemorrhaging, and are stable at ambient temperatures and during radiation sterilization. The specific aims of this study are: 1. Evaluation of crosslinked Hyaluronic Acid hydrogels for better active biodegradable hemostatic agent (ABHA). 2. Preparation of first generation of ABHA with stabilized platelets for animal studies. 3. Evaluation of ABHA prototypes using animal models The initial phase of this project will focus on selecting the most promising candidates for fully biodegradable constructs to control massive hemorrhage. Later a swine spleen model will be utilized that provides an excellent initial testing and feasibility platform for fully biodegradeable hemostatic products to be developed in this proposal.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Janet Huie
ARMY 08-178      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Point-of-Care Diagnostic for Acute Q Fever using LAMP
Abstract:Q fever is caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii and presents with acute symptoms indistinguishable from many other blood infections. Chronic infection, however, can result in endocarditis, with a high mortality rate (up to 60% of chronic Q fever cases) and requiring open-heart surgery to repair substantial valve damage in many cases. Q fever can be airborne or tick-borne, and is associated with sheep and other livestock. Q fever is a significant factor in deployment conditions in Iraq and Afganistan. It is important to diagnose Q fever during its acute phase to direct appropriate treatment and to identify personnel requiring follow-up monitoring for chronic disease. While serology tests have been commercialized for Q fever detection, it is necessary to test both IgG and IgM against two types of Coxiella burnetii antigens to differentiate between acute and chronic disease stages. In addition, a high false positive rate occurs for these assays. To eliminate these shortcomings, Agave BioSystems proposes to modify a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reaction built into a point-of-care primitive field diagnostic device.

InBios International
562 1st Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Syamal Raychaudhuri
ARMY 08-178      Awarded: 1/23/2009
Title:A Point-of-Care Assay for the Detection of Coxiella Burnetii (Q fever) Infection in Soldiers Deployed to Iraq
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field deployable, and a cost effective rapid screening assay for the detection of Q fever infection caused by Coxiella burnetii using human blood and sera. The test will utilize a lateral flow based immunochromatographic system (dipstick). The proposed assay would be a very useful screening tool to assess Q fever infection in the fields, in remote areas, and in a low complexity situation. Such a test would facilitate diagnosis and a treatment for military personnel presenting febrile illness. A rapid assay would also help in Q fever eradication programs. In this Phase I study we will develop/acquire antibody and antigen reagents for use in development of prototype Q fever detection assays. We will then construct prototype assays that will be evaluated using archived samples from infected individuals. Further development of the assay would take place in a Phase II proposal.

TransMembrane Biosciences
145 North Sierra Madre Blvd., Suite #5
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 791-1774
Hiep-Hoa T. Nguyen
ARMY 08-178      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:A Point-of-Care Assay for the Detection of Q fever
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop point-of-care rapid test assay for the diagnosis of Q-fever. Selected surface membrane protein antigens from Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q-fever will be prepared using TransMembrane Biosciences’ powerful membrane protein mass production technologies. This methodology allows correctly folded and functional membrane proteins to be synthesized in large quantities. The purified recombinant antigens will be used to raise polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies quickly. The recombinant antigens and the corresponding antibodies will then be used for the preparation of nanoparticle conjugates. Subsequently, our industry partner, Pan Probe Biotech and Princeton BioMeditech will utilize these materials to construct point of care rapid test prototype(s) for the detection of C. burnetii or C. burnetii-specific IgM antibodies in blood samples of patients.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6126
Rebecca Grier
ARMY 08-179      Awarded: 1/23/2009
Title:MAVEN: Mnemonic Associative Vocabulary for Emergency Needs
Abstract:All Soldiers are required to master 17 First Aid procedures in basic training. These 17 procedures are described in 99 pages of the Soldiers’ Manual of Common Tasks. To even the best student, recall of these exact procedures in a stressful situation would be challenging. This proposal outlines a research and development program to develop an iconic language of visual mnemonics. This iconic language will be integrated into first aid training to better enable Soldiers to encode the 17 procedures, and the icons will be printed on “flash cards” that Soldiers can carry with them into battle to serve as reminders of the procedures. Aptima, working with its partner, Wexford, will identify hierarchical clusters of information within those 99 pages. For each identified cluster, an aspect of a mnemonic will be designed to create an iconic language. These aspects will be combined to create visual mnemonics for each procedure. These mnemonics will then be embedded into the existing first aid training program and printed on flash cards. In combination this will improve the effectiveness of the first aid training Soldiers receive as well as improve recall of procedures in an emergency situation.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore, PhD
ARMY 08-179      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for Effective Recall (PROMPTER)
Abstract:Improved first aid training tools and rehearsal methodologies based on visual learning and recall represent a promising approach to reducing battlefield fatalities. To support visual learning of first aid skills, we will design and demonstrate Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for Effective Recall (PROMPTER). Four major components comprise our PROMPTER approach. First, we will design an intuitive, standardized symbology for the individual first aid actions, or subtasks, that comprise the complex emergency medical procedures of the Soldier’s Manual of Common Tasks, Warrior Skills, Level 1 (STP 21-1-SMCT). Second, we will incorporate sets of these first aid subtask symbols within a pictorial mnemonic framework to visually represent each of the seventeen procedures in STP-21-SMCT. Third, we will design and demonstrate adaptive, microgame-based training methods that leverage these pictorial mnemonic training materials. These microgames will present tasks and challenges relevant to procedural skill acquisition and retention, using engaging gameplay mechanisms that are continually tailored to individual Soldiers’ evolving training needs. Fourth, we will develop a human performance-based evaluation plan to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of these pictorial mnemonic training materials and methods, including their impact on skill acquisition and retention over time.

InBios International
562 1st Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Syamal Raychaudhuri
ARMY 08-180      Awarded: 2/26/2009
Title:Development of a Point-of-care Assay for the Detection of Rift Valley Fever Virus, a Militarily Important Pathogen of the CENTCOM and AFRICOM Area of
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field grade, screening assay for the detection of RVFV in human blood and sera. The test will utilize a lateral flow (dipstick) chromatography incorporated into a cassette. The proposed immunochromatographic assay would be a very useful screening test to assess RVFV. This would facilitate the treatment of military personnel presenting with febrile illness. It would also help in eradication programs. In this Phase I study we will develop/acquire antibody and antigen reagents for use in development of prototype RVFV detection assays. We will then construct prototype assays that will be evaluated against archived samples from infected individuals. Further development of the assay would take place in a Phase II proposal.

VecTOR Test Systems, Inc
2033 Yellowthroat Place
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 390-0647
Kirti Dave
ARMY 08-180      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Development of a Point-of-care Assay for the Detection of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) Virus, a Militarily Important Pathogen of the CENTCOM and AFRICOM Ar
Abstract:Rift Valley fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease that is a significant threat to human and livestock. VecTOR Test Systems, Inc. will develop a point-of-care assay for detection of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) infection in deployed military service members. The assay capable of detecting RVFV antigen as well as specific IgM response in clinical samples will aid in the diagnosis of infected personnel. The technology is based on the simple and reliable immunochromatographic detection method by which sensitive test-strip based assays provide results in less than 30 minutes. The proposed assays will be easy to perform and results easy to interpret in far-forward situations. The assay will be made available in a kit with components required to perform the assay. The assay kit will be stable at ambient storage conditions. In Phase I, a sufficient number of assays will be manufactured to evaluate performance and determine plan for the next phase.

Operational Technologies Corporation
4100 N. W. Loop 410 Suite 230
San Antonio, TX 78229
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(210) 731-0000
John G. Bruno
ARMY 08-181      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Handheld Aptamer-Magnetic Bead-Quantum Dot Assays for Crimean-Congo Fever
Abstract:Operational Technologies (OpTech) has already developed rapid (< 15 minute) ultrasensitive one-step DNA aptamer-magnetic bead (MB) plus aptamer-quantum dot (QD) sandwich assays for a foodborne pathogen that is quantified with a commercially available handheld and battery-operated fluorometer. OpTech now proposes to extend this rapid and highly portable sensor technology with lyophilized plastic cuvette assays to detection of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic (CCHF) virus in body fluids in the field. To avoid the hazards of working with CCHF in Phase I, OpTech will develop, clone and sequence a family of high affinity DNA aptamers to accessible peptide epitopes from the RFV surface that are described in the literature. These aptamer sequences will be screened and used in patent-pending one-step plastic cuvette-adherent aptamer-MB-aptamer-QD sandwich assays along with a commercially available handheld fluorometer. At the end of Phase I, OpTech will deliver 100 lyophilized prototype CCHF assays to the Army for testing and evaluation. In Phase II, OpTech will optimize the assays with respect to specificity and sensitivity. OpTech will then package the lyophilized assays according DoD requirements while beginning to seek FDA approval and deliver the final product for further testing by the Army.

TransMembrane Biosciences
145 North Sierra Madre Blvd., Suite #5
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 791-1774
Hiep-Hoa T. Nguyen
ARMY 08-181      Awarded: 1/27/2009
Title:Development of a Point-of-care Assay for the Detection of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) Virus, a Militarily Important Pathogen of the CENTCO
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop point-of-care rapid test assay for the diagnosis of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Selected surface membrane-bound glycoprotein antigens and the N-nucleoprotein from a number of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) strains will be prepared using powerful recombinant protein mass-production technologies. The purified recombinant antigens will be used to raise polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies quickly. The recombinant antigens and the corresponding antibodies will then be used for the preparation of nanoparticle conjugates. Subsequently, TransMembrane Biosciences’ partners, Pan Probe Biotech and Princeton BioMeditech will utilize these materials to construct point of care rapid test prototype(s) for the detection of CCHFV or IgM antibodies specific to CCHFV antigens in blood samples of patients.

InBios International
562 1st Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5821
Raymond Houghton
ARMY 08-182      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Development of a Point-of-care Assay for the Detection of Sand Fly Fever Virus (SFFV), a Militarily Important Pathogen of the CENTCOM, EUCOM and AFRIC
Abstract:Sand fly fever is actually caused by a group of several viruses often termed Sand fly ever viruses (SFFV) and are typically caused by Toscana, Naples and Sicilian viruses. The Toscana virus is confined to Italy and the Mediterranean basin whereas the Naples and Sicilian viruses are more prevalent and often found together in the Middle East through Pakistan and Afghanistan. More recently Sicilian viruses have been identified in Tunisia and Algeria. The Toscana virus can lead to severe meningitis whereas the Naples and Sicilian virus lead to short term febrile illness. Recent studies in the South of France indicate that significant numbers of blood donors are infected with the Toscana virus and that individuals with central nervous system disorders have higher than normal infection rate with this virus. Availability of simple rapid immunological tests for Sand fly fever viruses that can differentiate the causative viruses would have both military applications in many of the troop deployment areas as well as civilian use in differentially diagnosing Sand fly fever virus infections. It would also be complementary to other tests for sand fly borne diseases e.g. Leishmaniasis which also initially presents as a febrile illness.

VecTOR Test Systems, Inc
2033 Yellowthroat Place
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 390-0647
Kirti Dave
ARMY 08-182      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Development of a Point-of-care Assay for the Detection of Sand Fly Fever Virus (SFFV), a Militarily Important Pathogen of the CENTCOM, EUCOM and AFRIC
Abstract:Sand fly fever viruses (SFFV) are a significant health problem in many regions of the world, such as Africa, the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East and Central Asia. SFFV are transmitted by sand fly vectors (Phlebotomus spp.). VecTOR Test Systems, Inc. will develop a point-of-care assay for detection of SFFV infection in deployed military service members. The assay capable of detecting SFFV antigen as well as specific IgM response in clinical samples will aid in the diagnosis of infected personnel. The technology is based on the simple and reliable immuno-chromatographic detection method by which sensitive test-strip based assays provide results in less than 30 minutes. The proposed assays will be easy to perform and results easy to interpret in far-forward situations. The assay will be made available in a kit with components required to perform the assay. The assay kit will be stable at ambient storage conditions. In Phase I, a sufficient number of assays will be manufactured to evaluate performance and determine plan for the next phase.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Waheguru P. Singh
ARMY 08-183      Awarded: 1/16/2009
Title:Nanoparticles Immobilized Hydrogels to Protect Skin During Flash Fire Exposure
Abstract:Fire is a constant threat on the battlefield. While clothing provides a primary protection for much of the body, the hands and face are frequently left uncovered as a matter of comfort and dexterity. Uncovered skin is extremely susceptible to injury in a fire, where the heat flux can reach up to 100 killowatts per square meter. This phase I study will demonstrate a biocompatible topical cream, which will protect a person’s skin from burns during a short but intense flash fire situation. The approach uses a unique hydrogel, which incorporates multiple chemical and polymer ingredients giving it an ability to resist heat flux by a variety of mechanisms, offering protection against all of the physical forms of potential heat damage (radiation, convection and conduction). Merits of the topical gel include, use of stable ingredients, having mechanical properties closely resembling the underlying skin, the gel’s viscosity adjusts easily, and all of the gel’s components are available commercially at low cost. Importantly, the gel is unlikely to have adverse effects on the wearer because most of its ingredients are already used in consumer or health care topical products, a fact that should hasten transition of the gel to an eventual product. The Phase I laboratory tests will evaluate the gel’s ability to resist heat transfer and demonstrate its safety as a topical formulation.

SciGenesis, LLC
518 North Main Street Suite 207
Hattiesburg, MS 39401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(601) 467-8683
Paige Phillips
ARMY 08-183      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Multi-Mechanistic Cosmetic Coating to Protect Skin from Thermal Injury
Abstract:In this Small Business Innovative Research Phase I program, SciGenesis proposes to develop a multi-mechanistic cosmetic coating for the protection of military and first responders from flash fire and other intense thermal flux scenarios. Coatings will utilize a combination of mechanisms to increase the time required to cause a second degree burn from 2 seconds to 4 seconds, corresponding to a heat flux reduction of 40 kW/m2 to 15 kW/m2 and providing precious time for personnel to respond. The Phase I technical effort includes the synthesis and selection of film constituents and testing of prototype protective coatings. Initial screening is based on formulation chemical compatibility and physical stability. Preferred compositions are subjected to aggressive testing in simulated flash fire scenarios. Delivered via camouflage face paint, this coating is designed to posses all the characteristics of a cosmetic product, e.g. hypoallergenic, easy to apply, long-wearing, convenient storage and low odor, while meeting the rigorous performance requirements demanded by the application. SciGenesis has already initiated contacts within the chemical and cosmetic industries that will provide technical guidance and support the transition from Phase I research program to Phase II/Phase III development and commercialization.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
John Bulluck
ARMY 08-183      Awarded: 1/27/2009
Title:Cosmetic Coating to Protect Unclothed Skin from Thermal (Burn) Injury
Abstract:Currently, other than protective clothing there is no viable method for directly shielding dermal tissues from thermal insults. Thermal injuries to unprotected eyes and hands result in diminished full force projection for our troops. TRI/Austin is proposing an innovative protective hypoallergenic coating that can be applied topically to skin affording an improved level of burn protection for warfighters in fires and explosive events. It is anticipated the new burn protective skin paint will reduce effective skin exposure of 40 kW/m2 heat flux to less than 10 kW/m2. A systematic development and testing program will result in a non-irritating skin coating with heat absorbing and intumescing properties. Experimental design techniques will be utilized for systematically evaluating formulation and processing components resulting in a low cost, non-irritating, camouflage paint compatible, cosmetic coating to protect against thermal injury. The effectiveness of our technical approach will be demonstrated in the course of laboratory based testing including reducing the effective heat flux, skin irritation testing, compatibility with the extant camouflage paint, thermal analysis, and formulation performance when tested using MIL-DTL-32000 procedures. This systematic experimental design development approach has proved the most effective method for the development of new materials and processes.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Bryan Koene
ARMY 08-184      Awarded: 1/8/2009
Title:Superoleophobic Coatings for Easy Cleaning Textiles
Abstract:Luna is addressing the Army need to develop self cleaning uniforms through the use of extremely low surface energy nanostructured coating of textiles. This novel coated textile has significant advantages over conventional textiles. The inherent resistance of these materials to soiling with dirt, oils, or other chemicals will eliminate or minimize the amount of laundering required. This will significantly lower the logistics burden of the military force associated with laundering, particularly on the battlefield. These novel coated textiles can also provide enhanced chemical / biological warfare agent (CBWA) resistance while maintaining breathability. Current CBWA clothing has problems with weight (e.g. activated carbon) or poor breathability (e.g. butyl rubber). Luna has developed this class of low surface energy fabric coatings with excellent water and oil resistance and durability. This coating is based upon a nanometer roughness that achieves the desired lotus effect to produce a surface energy such that water and oils will easily roll off. The technology developed on this program is directly relevant to the Advanced Combat Uniform (ACU) or the Flame Retardant ACU (FR-ACU), the Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology (JSLIST) overgarment, and other Department of Defense currently fielded uniforms.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5926
Dolly Batra
ARMY 08-184      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Super-oleophobic/hydrophobic Coatings for Non-stick, Self-Cleaning Textiles
Abstract:The development of self-cleaning military uniforms, specifically ones that repel both water and oil based contaminants, can significantly reduce the U.S. military’s logistical and economic burden due to frequent laundering. TIAX proposes to develop a textile coating that can impart super-hydrophobicity and super-oleophobicity to various fabrics, allowing garments to repel both aqueous and organic soiling agents. To accomplish this, we will ensure that the omniphobic textile contains both a physical nanotexture as well as a chemical liquid repellency, both of which are crucial in developing textiles with stable non- wetting properties. In addition, our chemically-treated, nanotextured coating will have a robust adherence to the textile and not interfere with other important textile characteristics such as its permeability, tensile strength and abrasion resistance. By using a scalable process, we will create a manufacturable solution which can be economically integrated into numerous Army garments.

InnovaTech, Inc.
155 Kitty Hawk Drive
Morrisville, NC 27560
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 881-2197
Steve R. Wright
ARMY 08-185      Awarded: 1/27/2009
Title:Greywater Recycling System Incorporating Medialess Self-Cleaning Inertial Rotary Disk Technology
Abstract:The objective of this project is the design, fabrication, testing and evaluation of an affordable, efficient greywater recycling system for Army mobile field kitchens/sanitation centers. The proposed system utilizes a medialess self-cleaning rotary disk particle separation technology to reduce turbidity and suspended solids, in conjunction with an aerator flotation/surface skimmer to remove fats, oil and grease (FOG), as well as a regenerable activated carbon filter to eliminate dissolved organics, with additional thermal input to inactivate bacterial coliforms. Target recycled greywater effluent performance goals are: BOD 5-day < 30 mg/L, TSS < 30 mg/L, no FOG, no coliforms, and turbidity < 5 NTU. Proposed system design goals are: weight <130 lbs, small overall footprint, use <2 kW of power, ruggedize to travel as loose cargo in an Army truck bed, cost <$1000 (for >1000 systems), minimal maintenance/consumable parts, easy set up, operate in basic hot and cold environments (weatherized), and operate safely by non-technical dishwashers. This system will be compared/contrasted with other types of conventional filtration systems. Although the Phase I system will be manually operated, the optional transition phase will allow full automation of the system while maintaining technical performance objectives.

UVCleaning Systems, Inc.
15455 NW Greenbrier Pkwy Suite 210
Beaverton, OR, OR 97006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 351-2040
R. Thomas Hawkins II
ARMY 08-185      Awarded: 1/23/2009
Title:Greywater Recycling System for Mobile Kitchens and Sanitation Centers
Abstract:UVCleaning Systems will develop a greywater remediation and recycling system for Army kitchen sanitation centers by combining COTS pre-filtration and ultrafiltration technologies, to reliably reduce all greywater contaminant concentrations except BOD to within the requirements of the solicitation, together with a new UVCleaning Systems photocatalytic reactor following the ultrafiltration membrane element to reduce the BOD concentration to within the requirements of the solicitation. The photocatalytic reactor is lightweight, does not have any moving or replaceable parts and has a multi-year lifetime, and no chemicals are added to the water during processing.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch, PhD
ARMY 08-186      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Uncertainty-modeling Rules for Situational Awareness (URSA)
Abstract:To provide improved Collaborative Situation Awareness (CSA) and, ultimately, improve the Warfighter’s operational success, PEO Soldier is developing new equipment, technologies, and tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) that leverage the wealth of information available to Net-Centric Soldiers. To support these efforts, RDECOM’s Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center is developing the Infantry Warrior Simulation (IWARS) to provide the ability to model the effects of new technologies and equipment on Ground Soldiers (GS) and Small Combat Units (SCU) in constructive simulations. IWARS and similar simulation-based analysis tools, however, do not currently provide a means of modeling uncertainty in SA and the effect of uncertainty on the decision making process. To address this, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of Uncertainty-modeling Rules for Situational Awareness (URSA), a unified rule- based representation of uncertainty and incomplete information that can be used in constructive simulation to determine the importance of information to critical GS decisions. URSA provides a transparent, understandable, and validatable model of uncertainty coupled with affordable, easy to use, and freely distributable modeling tools.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5087
David Lee
ARMY 08-186      Awarded: 1/24/2009
Title:Army Probabilistic Inference and Decision Engine (Army - PRIDE)
Abstract:The U.S. Army Natick Soldier Center (NSC) and Army Materiel Systems Analysis Activity (AMSAA) are leading an effort to develop a robust constructive force-on-force simulation that accurately represents individual Ground Soldiers (GS) and dismounted Small Combat Units (SCU). The purpose of the Infantry Warrior Simulation (IWARS) is to assess the impact and value of information on small unit operations, supporting the research, development and acquisition of warrior battlefield systems. Specifically, they intend the simulation to aid in understanding how information uncertainties, incomplete or missing information, conflicting information, and confidence in information sources impact GS decision-making processes and the equipment they use. The DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation (DAC) team will develop a powerful, probabilistic engine for decision-making under uncertainty. This generic engine will provide a stand-alone modeling capability that utilizes a robust mathematical framework, based on advanced real-time Bayesian network techniques, for modeling situational awareness and dynamic decision-making processes that are characterized by uncertain, incomplete or conflicting information. The engine will perform probabilistic modeling of GS decision processes for IWARS, or other constructive simulations. Additionally, the system will incorporate a Value of Information (VOI) component that improves the realism of the decision-making process, and provides an in- depth analysis capability.

ASPEN PRODUCTS GROUP, INC.
186 CEDAR HILL STREET
MARLBOROUGH, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Craig Thompson
ARMY 08-187      Awarded: 1/15/2009
Title:Flameless Combustion for Kitchen Appliances
Abstract:A flameless JP-8 combustion and heat transfer technology will be developed for use in man-portable field-kitchen appliances. The technology developed is based on diffuse combustion on catalyst-coated heat transfer surfaces, and use of a passive fuel vaporizer. By using the passive vaporizer and catalytic combustion, efficiency will be maximized and burner emissions will be minimized. The diffuse combustion and close- coupled heat transfer will lead to a cooking surface with a very uniform temperature. The advanced flameless JP-8 combustion and heat transfer technology will require less fuel and lower logistic requirements. Less waste heat and lower exhaust emissions will improve the safety and comfort of cooks and kitchen staff.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Darin A. Knaus
ARMY 08-187      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:JP-8 Powered Flameless Griddle for Army Field Kitchens
Abstract:As part of the “One Fuel Forward” approach to fuel logistics, the Army is seeking to develop more efficient, safer JP-8 burners for griddle appliances in field kitchens. To meet the Army’s needs, several technologies are needed: efficient atomizers for vaporizing JP-8 fuel; a flameless combustor for safe, efficient oxidation; a griddle technology that maintains a uniform griddle temperature distribution at variable heat load; and recuperator technology to utilize exhaust waste heat for maximum system efficiency. Creare has previously developed fuel atomization, catalytic combustion, and recuperator technologies that can be integrated into an efficient JP-8 burner suitable for the Army’s kitchen appliances. In addition, we have teamed with the leading manufacturer of steam griddle technology. During Phase I, we will focus on developing a single JP-8 powered catalytic burner and interface it with a commercial steam-based griddle. During Phase II, we will develop a dual-temperature griddle system through a side-by-side design of two burners. Additionally, we will optimize the system efficiency through the development of a lightweight recuperator. A modular design approach will also ease the transition of our technology into other kitchen appliances, such as ovens, kettles, and heated sinks.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Richard Mastanduno
ARMY 08-187      Awarded: 2/1/2009
Title:Flameless Combustion for Kitchen Appliances
Abstract:PCI proposes a novel recuperated Microlith flameless catalytic combustion system technology for a hot surface cooktop module fueled with JP8. The design integrates several innovations to enable complete flameless combustion without coking and with very high heating efficiency (>75% griddle heat release to LHV fuel thermal content). The technology builds on prior company successes with compact logistics fuel processing and compact burners. Compared to current MBUs, the result will be a much lower fuel requirement with attendant net cost, volume and weight savings, and reduced logistics burden. The catalytic combustion system will have reduced emissions and noise, and longer life. Phase I will produce a bench scale prototype demonstrating proof of concept and stated performance objectives including 75%+ thermal efficiency and 100 hours of operation.

Applied Processes, Inc.
1721 Forest Drive
Guntersville, AL 35976
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6280
Scott Hinkle
ARMY 08-188      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Novel Textile Constructions for Puncture Resistant Inflatable Composites
Abstract:To solve the Armys need for a novel fabric with minimum thickness and weight, which provides a 30% improvement in resistance to punctures, cuts and tears, Applied Processes, Incorporated (API) proposes to successfully develop a fabric with the desired properties. The successful development of the proposed fabric is based on the experience of the API research team in developing composite fabrics for many military and industrial end uses. In Phase I, API will research and characterize novel fibers, fabrics, innovative manufacturing processes and composites capable of meeting the improved target specification of inflatable structure fabric. The API research team will fabricate a tubular braided fabric structure with an included air containment bladder. The team will also fabricate and characterize composite fabric samples combining existing and developmental fibers, woven fabrics, and durable coatings. A matrix will be developed comparing all candidates to the existing fabric used for inflatable applications and will enable the best candidates to be used for the construction of models for evaluation. In Phase II, API will refine the inflatable fabric by scaling the pilot process to a full commercial equipment process and provide larger fabric quantities for construction of inflatable structures for testing and evaluation by the Army.

Easy Group LLC
4981 N. Irwindale Ave #200
Irwindale, CA 91706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(213) 784-4955
Dimitris Constantinou
ARMY 08-189      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Near-Infrared Chemistry Increased-Load Adaptive-flow Ink and Software System
Abstract:The Army is seeking development of near infrared reflectance (NIR) inks compatible with digital ink jet printing machines for rapid deployment of region specific camouflage. The new ink will be used to print on a variety of military substrates for combat uniforms and/or specialized clothing/items for unique environments that can meet the current/future near infrared requirements without compromising the material requirements for clothing and individual equipment. Although clothing systems have typically used traditional textile printing processes, ink jet printing may provide rapid fielding, be less costly and offer other camouflage alternatives with advanced protection on a multitude of substrates. Easy Group, LLC. (EASY GROUP) proposes to develop a new ink formulation that provides the Near Infrared Reflectance properties and performance for printed fabric based on its expertise on ink chemistry suitable for inkjet printers, textile fiber and nylon types and the modification of its existing products to fit new technology. The new technology, called NIR Chemistry Increased-Load Adaptive-flow (NICIA) Ink and Software System, aims to function with existing inkjet printers and components.

ROTHTEC
699 TARKLIN HILL ROAD
NEW BEDFORD, MA 02745
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 995-4601
Robert Lecomte
ARMY 08-189      Awarded: 1/29/2009
Title:Digital Printing With Near Infrared Reflectance Properties for Rapid Deployment of Region
Abstract:In Phase 1, ROTHTEC proposes to apply its extensive experience and technology in the digital printing of camouflage textiles to develop new NIR inks and processes to test the feasibility of meeting both shade and NIR in three distinct NIR reflectance levels (high, medium and low) on a digitally printed textile. These three levels are required to provide the disruptive pattern needed to break up a soldier’s silhouette in a specified region or terrain. Our work will focus on a result that shows a difference of 10-20% reflectance among the three NIR levels. For Phase I, we will prove the feasibility of our approach by (1) developing processes and NIR inks and (2) demonstrating digital printing of a single substrate (50% Nylon/50% Cotton) with these processes and inks. In Phase II we will extend the range of substrates printed to include 100% Nylon, and demonstrate digital printing of military camouflage patterns, such as the US Army’s Universal print to meet shade and NIR requirements.

Atair Aerospace
499 Van Brunt St. Pier 3B
Brooklyn , NY 11231
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 923-1709
Ganter Ludwig
ARMY 08-191      Awarded: 2/23/2009
Title:Rapid Initialization for Personnel Navigation
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to resolve the navigation problems that currently exist during military free fall missions. Presently conditions in the aircraft can render the system ineffective for maintaining GPS lock both prior to and when exiting the aircraft. Atair Aerospace proposes a low cost system which addresses this problem by combining a commercial grade GPS receiver with a SAASM receiver. We also propose to integrate the commercial receiver with a low cost inertial navigation unit (INU). During Phase I the navigation system will be analyzed, bench tested, and flight tested to a limited extent, to ascertain its ability maintain position and attitude accuracy when the GPS signal is lost, and to provide rapid reacquisition of the GPS signal once the jumper is clear of the aircraft. We also will integrate a commercial receiver with the SAASM receiver and demonstrate its ability to hot start the SAASM receiver until it acquires lock. In Phase II the integrated system will be flight tested. In Phase III the system will be transitioned into a fully operational system which will be form fitted to military requirements, and integrated with other emerging systems that take advantage of signals of opportunity.

STARA Technologies, Inc.
61 S. William Dillard Drive
Gilbert, AZ 85233
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 850-1555
Glen Bailey
ARMY 08-191      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Rapid Initialization for Personnel Navigation
Abstract:Through the use of various augmentation systems, GPS aiding and inertial measurement technology STARA is very confident that we can solve 100% of Natick''''''''s problems on this topic.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Dustin J. Zastrow
ARMY 08-192      Awarded: 1/12/2009
Title:Food Waste Remediation for Field Kitchens by Hydrothermal Liquefaction
Abstract:Studies have shown that solid waste is generated at a rate of 3–4 lbs per person per day for base camp operations. A typical maneuver battalion of 550 soldiers will produce about 2000 lbs of waste per day. Much of this waste is food waste, with high water content and low energy content. We propose to develop a hydrothermal liquefaction system for the conversion of food waste and slop to fuel. While most alternative fuel conversion processes need a dry feedstock, hydrothermal liquefaction requires a high water content feed to operate efficiently. The proposed system will create a fuel capable of being used on-site in a dual-fuel diesel engine. In Phase I, a batch reactor will be used to demonstrate the feasibility of producing fuel from a heterogeneous, low energy content, waste stream. Experiments will be performed on the fuel produced to determine the properties and potential applications for the fuel. More specifically, the suitability of the fuel as a drop-in replacement for JP-8 in a dual-fuel diesel engine will be assessed. In Phase II, the optimized process will be scaled up to pilot scale and integrated with the waste-to-energy process on-site.

Primaira, LLC
30 Commerce Way Suite 300A
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 937-0202
Karen Benedek
ARMY 08-192      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Enzyme-Based Rapid Food Waste Remediation
Abstract:This proposal presents an opportunity to support the Army in its efforts to reduce the risk and cost of disposing field-feeding food waste. Specifically, this proposal aims to rapidly convert putrescible, field-feeding food waste and slop into inert residuals that can easily be disposed on-site. We propose to achieve the Army’s goals for this technology using an innovative, stable, and rapid Enzyme-based, Food Waste Remediation System that produces a high rate of food waste conversion and therefore results in a compact, self- contained, low maintenance, low cost, waste remediation system. The Enzyme-based Food Waste Remediation System offers the Army multiple benefits.

Innovative Energy Solution
Purdue Technology Center 9800 Connecticut Dr
Crown Point, IN 46307
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(219) 922-8814
Jacques P. Bingue
ARMY 08-193      Awarded: 1/23/2009
Title:Field Waste to Energy Conversion via Plasma Processing
Abstract:Conventional plasma waste reforming technology uses high temperature reactive plasma to breakdown wastes into combustible gas and solid waste. Extremely high plasma temperatures often lead to high energy consumption resulting low efficiency and formation of unwanted byproducts, such as nitrogen oxides and dioxins. In many cases using plasma arc/torch could significantly increase waste disposal costs without offering essential environmental advantages. Unlike previous plasma systems that border either on the thermal or non-thermal stages, this new system hybridizes both plasma types to deliver large power at high pressure with high selectivity. The proposed solution is based on using a compact intermediate power plasma source operating on electrical discharge possessing partially non-thermal characteristics. A large portion of the discharge energy is utilized to generate high energy electrons, excited species, and chemically active radicals to effectively stimulate partial oxidation and reformation processes converting the solid waste to a gaseous reformate for power generation. As a result, this process can yield high gas volume at unsurpassed efficiencies as the plasma provides only part of the energy required for reformation of the solid fuel.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
houman Ghajari
ARMY 08-194      Awarded: 3/13/2009
Title:60 GHZ Wide Band, Local Radio (WBLR)
Abstract:The 60 GHz frequency band possesses the potential for short range, wide bandwidth and stealthy communication. MaXentric’s ViFi-MESH is a V-band (60GHz) Vehicular mobile mesh network that allows fast moving vehicles to perform on-the-move command and control operations with high quality video, voice and data. ViFi-MESH overcomes the current limitation in power amplifiers by having an active directional antenna system in the RF front-end. It is able to meet the link budget requirement for range up to 100 meters while providing 360 degree azimuth coverage. ViFi-MESH is well suited for multi-path environment because of its mitigations at both the architectural level and waveform level. Its MAC protocol algorithm is able to provide reliable high throughput content at multiple- hop distance. With the use of directional antenna, it is also capable of improving the spatial channel utilization and immunity toward eavesdropping.

Silvus Communication Systems, Inc
10990 Wilshire Blvd Suite 440
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 479-3333
Babak Daneshrad
ARMY 08-194      Awarded: 4/7/2009
Title:A Highly Versatile, Low Cost, MIMO Capable 60 GHz Wide Band Local Radio.
Abstract:Our approach is to leverage multi antenna, MIMO techniques to deliver on the throughput and range requirements without the need for a single high power PA. This will allow us to deliver with very inexpensive PA/transceiver modules. In fact the proposed solution will not require average transmit powers greater than 6 mW from any given transciver. Thus the driving theme of our proposed approach is one of baseband sophistication in exchange for cheaper and lower power RF front ends. This approach has the added benefit of providing a great deal of versatility in the achievable data rate/range combination, and leverages Silvus'''''''' current efforts under the DARPA MNM program to deliver high speed mobile wireless communicaiton. The proposed appraoch will yield a prorotype unit for field trials half way through a possible phase 2 effort.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Roger Stettner
ARMY 08-195      Awarded: 3/17/2009
Title:Frequency Based Semi-Active Laser Tracking
Abstract:This proposal makes use of ASC proprietary technology to solve the target/no-target discrimination problems associated with diffraction-caused laser beam divergence. Solutions are also offered for multiple target and countermeasure discrimination as well as for false target isolation caused by particle obscurants. Phase I consists of an experimental program to verify the proposed solutions. In Phase II an optimized Laser Spot Tracker incorporating the technology will be fabricated and tested.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Bradley Sallee
ARMY 08-195      Awarded: 3/30/2009
Title:Frequency Based SAL Seeker
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a frequency based Semi Active Laser (SAL) seeker. Using a ROIC architecture, originally LADAR based, that allows capturing the temporal waveform of the received signal and combining this with a pulse code tracker, allows frequency domain discrimination of spill over designator illumination, foliage pre-target hits, smoke illumination and countermeasures. Tracking countermeasure jammers in the frequency domain allows determination of which designator returns are distorted with jammer pulses, eliminating missile pull off, by ignoring these returns. This discrimination capability can be further enhanced by using a small field of view sensor array, combined with a large field of regard tracker. This allows tight cross range pixels to be correlated temporally, allowing further discrimination of pre-hit and over spill targets, as well as countermeasure sources. This gives a 3D picture of where the designator beam is reflecting from and where countermeasure illumination is being received from.

Fibernetics
4257 E. Nisbet Rd.
Phoenix, AZ 85032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 283-5054
Ralph Bergh
ARMY 08-196      Awarded: 3/17/2009
Title:Inertial Measurement Unit with Distributed Packaging
Abstract:The development of small inertial measurement units (IMUs) with enhanced performance capabilities is critical for achieving the desired performance for use in modern missiles. The fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) that has been in development for several years is now in its early product stage. In comparison with the previous generations of gyros such as the mechanical gyro and the ring laser gyro, the FOG already offers the advantages of smaller size, lower weight, and lower power consumption for a given performance level. Along with these benefits, the FOG also offers improvements in both reliability and life expectancy over previous generation products. The objective of this research project is to scale a FOG that is currently in development and combine it with a state-of-the-art accelerometer to make a compact sensor package that is tethered to an electronic processing board. This Phase I program will result in a design for a robust and miniature IMU that can make accurate measurements even in a relatively hostile environment.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
ARMY 08-196      Awarded: 3/25/2009
Title:Inertial Measurement Unit with Distributed Packaging
Abstract:SA Photonics has demonstrated the ability to develop a low cost, small form factor, high performance Fiber Optic Gyro using advanced light source technology and high performance noise reduction. The key focus of the proposed Phase I is to extend the technology to enable very small and lightweight sensor head technology. During this Phase I, SA Photonics will analyze potential improvements to the gyro phase shifter and interconnects to reduce sensor head size and weight. We will select the best approach and build a breadboard unit for characterization.

ArmorWorks, Inc.
305 N. 54th Street
Chandler, AZ 85226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 598-5707
Marianne Wilhelm
ARMY 08-197      Awarded: 2/1/2009
Title:Advanced Articulated Soldier Knee and Elbow Protection System
Abstract:There is an acute need for lightweight, articulating elbow and knee ballistic systems that provide protection against NIJ Level II threat projectiles. Our SBIR Phase I effort focuses on developing a flexible elbow and knee armor system which is capable of meeting NIJ 0101.04 Level II protection requirements. We plan to evaluate both commercially available and new materials that will provide ballistic protection while maintaining at or near full range of motion. Our design includes a combination of rigid composite and flexible ballistic materials for a full-coverage solution. Our extensive first-hand experience with personal protection establishes our vested interest in developing and implementing an NIJ 0101.04 Level II elbow and knee protection system that enables the soldier to maintain full range of motion. The ArmorWorks team is uniquely qualified to design, validate, and demonstrate the Advanced Soldier Knee and Elbow Protection System.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Nate Gravelle
ARMY 08-197      Awarded: 2/1/2009
Title:Lightweight Multilayer Nonmetallic Articulated Knee/Elbow Armor
Abstract:In recent years there have been significant improvements in the Army personnel body armor in the area of the head, torso and feet. The new generation of armor is saving lives daily and is more comfortable, allowing greater ease of mobility for the soldiers. Unfortunately, without adequate protection of the joints, soldiers are still suffering devastating injuries. KaZaK proposes to develop next-generation protection systems for knees and elbows. This lightweight armor will offer ballistic and fragmentation protection consistent with NIJ Type II requirements. In addition, the armor will be comfortable for the soldier to wear and will integrate with the Army Combat Uniform. KaZaK will utilize their expertise in innovative ballistic protective materials to design a multilayer system, with constituents specifically designed to protect the soldier from blunt and ballistics impact, dissipate energy from the impact and provide comfort and ease of mobility. KaZaK’s Phase I endeavors will focus on material selection, modeling for ballistics impact, design of articulated joints and anthropomorphic shaping. KaZaK will conduct ballistics testing to prove the validity of their design. Phase I will conclude with verified prototype hardware that should provide the government with sufficient confidence in the design to move forward into Phase II.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6733
Anna Marie Nocente
ARMY 08-197      Awarded: 2/1/2009
Title:Advanced Articulated Soldier Knee and Elbow Protection System
Abstract:To develop comprehensive protection capabilities-impact and ballistic-for the highly vulnerable body locations (knee and elbow) that need this additional protection. Current knee and elbow pad systems are stand-alone components that provide only limited impact protection.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
C. Allen Butler
ARMY 08-198      Awarded: 4/16/2009
Title:Feature Aided Association Module (FAAM)
Abstract:In this SBIR project we will develop a mathematically rigorous automated Feature Aided Association Module (FAAM) for accurately combining both kinematic and non-kinematic sensor information in order to create a consistent Single Integrated Air Picture (SIAP) of all aircraft and cruise missile objects. The use of features, or non-kinematic data, will significantly improve the ability of FAAM to create hypotheses that are more likely to contain the correct correlation decisions. The underlying technical mechanism by which FAAM will treat non-kinematic data will be a Bayesian Network based on the taxonomy of air targets and the types of measurements available for estimating the various attributes that characterize the targets. FAAM will leverage a sophisticated Wagner Associates multiple hypothesis architecture that can process high volumes of data within the context of a distributed fusion environment. A key innovation of our approach will be the use of kinematic history as an input feature to the identification/classification estimate of the target. While information such as maximum speed, maximum turn rate, adherence to a given flight profile, etc. does not provide definitive evidence, it can improve the quality of the current (ID/Classification) state estimate, which in turn improves the association scoring.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Charlene S. Ahn
ARMY 08-198      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Feature-Aided Tracking (FAT)
Abstract:Cooperative engagement and cooperative sensing tasks require the development of accurate and persistent tracks. Though much work to date has focused on tracking using kinematic information only, a wide variety of feature information on the targets may be available to the tracker. Combining this feature information with kinematic information can improve track accuracy and persistence, especially in challenging environments. Toyon Research Corporation proposes a dual-layer solution for feature-aided tracking to deal with both short-term individual measurement associations and longer-term track-to-target associations. A Multiple Hypothesis Tracker (MHT) will be used in conjunction with a Bayesian network to model feature information and possible inferences garnered from this information in a way that promotes improved measurement-to-track association. Toyon’s Tracked Object Manager (TOM) will handle feature database management and use its track stitching algorithms to maintain long-term continuous track, even in situations where features do not singly provide much discrimination between targets. These layers may be implemented in a distributed and decentralized environment. Toyon will also design a test scenario in order to test these algorithms.

Numerica Corpor
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2422
Aubrey Poore
ARMY 08-199      Awarded: 5/26/2009
Title:An Assignment Based Approach to Distributed Resource Management
Abstract:Numerica proposes the development of a distributed communications and sensor resource management system. Sensor resource management (SRM) is performed at one level and then communications resource management (CRM) at a finer level with feedback to the SRM. This architecture accommodates the much faster time frame over which CRM operates. Our approach consists of: a) dynamic myopic and non-myopic sensor tasking based on a resource constrained assignment of a group of sensors to each task; b) adaptive myopic and non-myopic communications resource allocation across a network with a feedback to the sensor tasking algorithms; c) a stochastic dynamic optimization framework called partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDP); d) distributed algorithms for a) - c) consistent with the needs of the peer-to-peer network and MANETS (Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks). The philosophy is that communications and sensor resource management should not be considered independently of one another in that a sensor should not be asked to send information that cannot be transmitted because of network constraints, nor should a sensor be asked to perform task that it cannot achieve just because of network bandwidth availability.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Adel El-Fallah
ARMY 08-199      Awarded: 5/28/2009
Title:Unified Multichannel-Multiplatform-Multisensor SIAP
Abstract:Dynamic sensor management of disparate and physically dispersed mobile sensors presents a daunting theoretical and practical challenge, especially when they are embedded in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). Tasking of sensors is constrained by their own physical characteristics and those of their platforms; by communications constraints; by target information value; by the information value of the sensors themselves; and by the tradeoff between surveillance and search. The Scientific Systems Company, Inc. (SSCI) team proposes a foundational, control-theoretic approach to dynamic SIAP resource management of fixed or platform-borne netted sensors. Our approach is based on five innovations: (1) a multisensor-multitarget likelihood function that encapsulates all relevant information regarding the characteristics of the various sensors situated on various platforms and various nodes of a MANET; (2) a dynamic "tactical importance function" (TIF) that mathematically specifies the meaning of "tactical significance" for a given theater at a given moment; (3)an intuitively meaningful sensor management objective function, the expected number of ToIs (targets of interest), that inherently optimizes multisource data fusion; (4) integration of these concepts with approximate multitarget detection and tracking filters; and (5) theoretically rigorous incorporation of the constraints due to sensor kinematics, platform kinematics, and communication-systems topologies and characteristics. The project team includes Dr. Ronald Mahler of Lockheed Martin. Lockheed Martin will provide both technical and commercialization support in the application of sensor management technologies during all phases of the project.

Innalabs Inc.
21351 Ridgetop Circle Suite 300
Dulles, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 880-4222
Valeriy Chikovani
ARMY 08-200      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Absolute Attitude and Heading Reference Measurement System
Abstract:Innalabs has developed a unique solid state Coriolis vibratory gyroscope, CVG, which shows great promise toward use within gyrocompass systems. Within the scope of its proposed work Innalabs proposes to investigate the use of its CVG technology within a gyrocompass system that will meet the requirements as listed within the topic. The research will include both Innalabs current metallic resonator technology as well as its ongoing quartz resonator technology. The quartz resonator technology provides great promise toward meeting the goal of a small sized, low-cost, gyrocompass system. Within a proposed Phase I Option, Innalabs proposes to build a prototype gyroscope including design changes specific to the needs of the gyrocompass system and to use this prototype as a basis to prove out the initial research carried out in Phase I. Innalabs has vast experience in inertial sensor systems including the development of the current weapon orientation measurement system, WOM, used for current OneTESS test and evaluation. Its experience in the ongoing research for the OneTESS WOM, as well as its specific expertise in both gyroscope and accelerometer technologies, make it uniquely qualified to research alternative solutions.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
ARMY 08-200      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Absolute Attitude and Heading Reference Measurement System
Abstract:The Army’s One Tactical Engagement Simulation (OneTESS) program is adopting a sensor based approach to obtain weapon’s aim point. Current absolute attitude and heading reference system uses magnetometers to obtain heading information. However, the magnetometers are highly sensitive to a variety of random error sources such as sun spot activity and hard/soft –iron effects. These error sources are random and cannot be accurately characterized and modeled. We propose novel Celestial Absolute Heading Reference System, which continuously measures and reports absolute heading relative to the Earth’s true north with an accuracy of 1 mil without the use of pre-emplaced infrastructure and does not relay on the use of magnetometer. In Phase I program, we will validate feasibility of the proposed approach. We will define the technical requirements for Celestial Absolute Heading Reference System that meets the accuracy, power, and cost metrics, develop an initial conceptual design, determine requirements for data processing and interfaces for the brass board prototype. Under Phase I option, we will define critical components and sub-systems.

Better Enterprise Capability LLC
711 West Amelia, Suite E
Orlando, FL 32805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 256-0117
Ernest L Lewis
ARMY 08-201      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Unit Casualty Extraction Trainer
Abstract:Current combat training does not realistically prepare units to respond to medical emergencies once they have sustained casualties. Injuries due to vehicle rollovers and the complexity of extracting injured personnel from a damaged vehicle are not included in the training scenarios although they are common events in battle. Moreover, current training does not address the impact of casualties on combat operations and does not provide individuals in the total unit with the necessary stress inoculators to mentally prepare them to respond effectively to severe medical trauma while under fire. In reality, a casualty removes not only that Soldier’s firepower, but the firepower of the combat medic and one or two additional soldiers who must assist the medic. Medical aid must be delivered in a combat environment: medics must be able to perform while under fire and soldiers must learn to perform their mission in spite of the sights, sounds, and smells associated with combat casualties. To make this training realistic, special effects must be added to the simulators to create authentic cues, distracters, interactive response, and scenarios. Using best-of-breed state-of-the-art techniques, this program will develop a mobile, multi-sensory, combat trauma training simulator that addresses these unmet needs in a comprehensive training scenario. The system will have dual use capability with civilian emergency care.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Laura Milham
ARMY 08-201      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Unit Casualty Extraction Trainer
Abstract:Although vehicle extraction skill training exists in the military, there is a pressing need for casualty extraction training that incorporates environmental dangers and the ability adapt and reuse the training instruments (i.e. the vehicles). Due to the complexities of the various ways in which the vehicle may come to rest, the injuries sustained by those within the vehicle and the dangers of the environment this type of training needs to be able to be manipulated and repeated across a wide variety of variables. Utilizing “discarded vehicles” is not effective as they can often only be utilized once and lack the ability to be adapted to specific training needs. Furthermore, performing extraction techniques beyond the basic level in the military requires the additional environmental stressors that are found in theater. The purpose of this work is threefold: 1) to examine the KSAs of those engaging in casualty vehicle extraction in order to determine the requirements of what needs to be trained 2) to develop and evaluate the feasibility of possible simulation strategies to effectively train extraction techniques and procedures and 3) develop a simulation based trainer capable of training extraction techniques under realistic environments (e.g., time constraints, sounds, smells, noise).

ArmorWorks, Inc.
305 N. 54th Street
Chandler, AZ 85226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 598-5723
Ken-An Lou
ARMY 08-202      Awarded: 2/18/2009
Title:LABORATORY TESTING PROCEDURES FOR CHARACTERIZING THE ARMOR MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES DUE TO BLAST LOADING
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR Phase I program is to develop procedures for laboratory testing to characterize various armor materials and structures subjected to blast loading due to land explosions created by land mines and explosive devices. ArmorWorks will prepare standardized guidelines for the laboratory test methods, including specimen geometry and dimensions; specimen attachment fixtures to get standard test data. These laboratory test methods will enhance the design procedures for structures subjected to blast loading. The success of this program is to certify armor materials resistance to blast loading. Lastly, the proposal includes testing of a full-scale prototype (fabricated in Phase I option) in a future Phase II engagement.

Liuman Technologies
3773 Viceroy Dr.
Okemos, MI 48824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 353-6716
Guojing Li
ARMY 08-202      Awarded: 3/9/2009
Title:LABORATORY TESTING PROCEDURES FOR CHARACTERIZING THE ARMOR MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES DUE TO BLAST LOADING
Abstract:Based on a piston-assisted shock tube, this proposed program is aimed to establish a controllable (for safety) and repeatable (for standard testing) laboratory based blast testing facility and to formulate standard blast testing procedures for lightweight armor materials. The ultimate goals of this program are (1) to establish a laboratory based blast testing technique and standard testing procedures for blast simulations, (2) to compile a database including force-deflection curves and damage modes of lightweight materials such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites for lightweight armor designs, (3) to certify lightweight armor structures with computer simulation and testing validation and (4) to commercialize the testing facility, testing service and lightweight armor material and structure designs. Both computational fluid dynamic and finite element analysis are required for this proposed program. In formulating the standard testing procedures, optimal specimen geometry and dimensions, blast loading technique, and specimen fixture and loading condition need to be carefully investigated. In view of the ultra-high pressure and very short time duration involved in blast testing, the recording of the testing parameters, such as pressure, and the measurement of testing specimens, such as deformation, are also critically important to the success of the blast testing.

Boston Engineering Corporation
411 Waverley Oaks Road Suite 114
Waltham, MA 02452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 314-0723
Michael Rufo
ARMY 08-203      Awarded: 4/28/2009
Title:Autonomous Urban Reconnaissance Ingress System (AURIS)
Abstract:The Autonomous Urban Reconnaissance Ingress System (AURIS) addresses a significant limitation of current military robotics technology: the inability of reconnaissance robots to open doors. It can perform with or without using explosive charges, can operate quickly to allow rapid ingress, has the versatility to be eventually used for locked or difficult to open doors, and intends to prove its feasibility with semi-autonomous control but provides a feasible path for fully autonomous interior building reconnaissance based on an innovative combination of proven technology. It allows the use of many different robots and is designed to be easily implemented on standard military platforms. The AURIS is a product of the combined experience of Boston Engineering Corporation and Autonomous Solutions Inc. and leverages their robotics, mechanical systems, software, vision and vehicle controls experiences. AURIS removes the disadvantages of current operator- intensive systems based on operator manual or visual-servoing control. It can provide a Phase I that endeavors to not only develop the system design and determine the required capabilities of the platform and manipulator arm, but demonstrate feasibility through the use of existing hardware applied towards the challenge of door-opening and pass- through.

Energid Technol
One Mifflin Place Suite 400
Cambridge, MA 2138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 547-4100
James English
ARMY 08-203      Awarded: 6/4/2009
Title:Robotic Door Opening
Abstract:Energid Technologies proposes to develop a remotely supervised robotic door-opening system that will work very effectively with many different mobile platforms and manipulators. To make the system, Energid will use its Actin software toolkit for coordinating motion of the mobile platform and manipulator to place a new type of gripper having an innovative design tailored to manipulating doorknobs, latches, and handles. The action of the gripper will be controlled using Energid’s tree-structured grasping database to ensure broad applicability. The database will select an algorithm using a best match between stored models and calculated doorknob, latch, or handle shapes. To calculate this shape, Energid will use its Selectin machine vision toolkit, which identifies 3D objects automatically using CAD models of the objects. The doorknob, latch, or handle shape, position, and orientation will be identified from camera imagery. A prototype system will be created and tested in simulation using Energid’s simulation-based robot design validation software. The final Phase I design will be tested using pre-existing hardware in Energid’s lab. All software will be implemented for cross-platform application with support for virtually any sensor type, mobile base, and manipulator, enabling broad application.

Honeybee Roboti
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 459-7816
Jack Wilson
ARMY 08-203      Awarded: 6/4/2009
Title:Aladdin: Semi-Autonomous Module for Robotic Door Opening
Abstract:Honeybee Robotics and iRobot propose to develop technologies that will enable small UGVs to open doors semi-autonomously. These technologies will be integrated in a modular Aladdin Payload that can be retrofitted onto existing general-purpose robots with manipulator arms without extensive hardware modifications. In Phase I of the Aladdin Project, we will perform experiments using a PackBot EOD and a compliant gripper to evaluate the feasibility of our door-opening end-effector and develop a proof-of-concept implementation of semi-autonomous door-opening using a click-to-grip operator interface. In Phase II, we will develop a fully-operational, fully-integrated Aladdin Payload enabling a PackBot EOD to quickly move through an indoor environment containing closed doors under semi-autonomous control. Because our system leverages existing hardware, sensors, and controls approaches, demonstration of a robust, cost effective, modular door-opening system by the end of Phase II will be possible, a critical step in the development of a system that can be adapted to UGVs in general.

RE2, Inc.
32 Thirty-Ninth St.
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Jorgen Pedersen
ARMY 08-203      Awarded: 5/1/2009
Title:Robotic Door-opening Kit (RDK)
Abstract:Military and Law Enforcement groups are increasingly relying on unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) to perform life-threatening tasks such as urban reconnaissance operations in and around buildings and other structures. The seemingly simply task of having the UGV open doors and entering rooms is a crucial element of this mission. However, the ability of currently fielded UGVs to open doors is time-consuming for some vehicles and, due to mechanical and control limitations, nearly impossible for others. Although some expert operators may be able to use currently fielded UGVs to open doors, the task typically requires careful, fully-committed attention and a great deal of skill, which increases user fatigue, total mission duration, and time-on-target. This Phase I SBIR effort aims to design a sophisticated end-effector for opening a wide variety of doorknob shapes and styles that can be used with currently fielded and next generation mobile manipulator robotic platforms. The end-effector is designed to be a modular tool that can be used with RE2’s existing modular and tool-interchange technology. This Phase I effort will also develop the sensing and coordinated control algorithms to allow an operator to simply position the UGV in front of a door, initiate the door opening procedure, and then let the robot do the rest by autonomously opening the door and passing through the doorway. This capability will vastly improve the proficiency and usability of unmanned ground vehicle systems in all environments and missions where doors and doorways must be accessed.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6153
Nathan Schurr
ARMY 08-204      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Coordinating with Humans by Adjustable-autonomy for Multirobot Pursuit (CHAMP)
Abstract:The need to fight and control the urban terrain is not a new concept for the military; however, there are new obstacles, illustrated in the battles fought and won in Fallujah and Haditha, that make the job of the warfighter much harder. Due to the pioneering work of researchers in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence, there exist promising and significant opportunities for the incorporation of semi-autonomous robotic entities within the small-unit tactical team that may positively impact the day to day effectiveness of the team. To achieve this vision, we propose to develop a system for Coordinating with Humans by Adjustable-autonomy for Multirobot Pursuit (CHAMP). The robots and humans will be controlled by distributed optimization strategies, derived from results in distributed pursuit, distributed constraint optimization, and dynamic game theory. The degree of operator control will be dynamic, and will be informed by recent results from the field of adjustable autonomy. Finally, the control strategies will be determined by a Cognitive Work Analysis. The CHAMP approach will allow the coordination of the robotic team to become more dynamic and adjust to the goals, demands, and constraints of the current situation as it unfolds.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
John R. Budenske
ARMY 08-204      Awarded: 3/31/2009
Title:Multi-Robot Coordination and Pursuit System (MRCoPS)
Abstract:The military is investigating the use of autonomous systems to support combat troops and reduce their exposure to dangerous situations. Many of the applicable missions require the coordination of multiple unmanned systems. This Phase I effort addresses the issue of coordinating multiple robots for pursuit in urban environments. Robot-human pursuit teams will have a number of challenges in communications, resource allocation, task coordination, and general interaction. Architecture Technology Corporation proposes to develop a Multi-Robot Coordination and Pursuit system that will operate on various levels of autonomy to assist the human operator(s) in controlling the multi-robot team. The approach will allow the operator to guide the team through the building, map its interior, establish sentry points, utilize line of sights, and minimize the chance of missing the subject or having the operator stumble upon the subject. Our approach can be scaled up to any number of robotic and human team members, and it will work with ground-based robotics, and other autonomous systems such as micro-UAVs, and sensor networks. Phase I will concentrate on design and analysis, and Phase II on prototype implementation and test. Phase III will focus on insertion into an on-going DOD program.