---------- OSD ----------

64 Phase I Selections from the 08.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Advanced Brain Monitoring
2237 Faraday Ave Suite 100
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 720-0099
Chris Berka
OSD 08-CR5      Awarded: 2/25/2009
Title:Closed-Loop Real-Time Neurophysiologically-Driven Simulation-Based Training System.
Abstract:Contemporary warfighters are required to continually acquire new skills across diverse knowlege domains ranging from the operation of new equipment to marksmanship to cultural diplomacy. The investigators propose to integrate neuroscience-based evaluatio

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6116
Jared Freeman
OSD 08-CR5      Awarded: 2/19/2009
Title:Accelerated Learning in Simulation-based Training (A-LIST)
Abstract:Across the services, warfighters are expected to rapidly master new knowledge and skills, spanning a wide variety of domains, from motor to cognitive. Traditional training systems generally lack the capability to apply adaptive training strategies that mi

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Kelly Hale
OSD 08-CR5      Awarded: 2/19/2009
Title:Closed-Loop Real-Time Neurophysiologically-Driven Simulation-Based Training System.
Abstract:A variety of training systems exist today, ranging from classroom training to fully immersive simulation-based training-based systems to live training. While these training methods have proven effective in a number of settings, they are limited in the deg

Pacific Science & Engineering Group, Inc.
9180 Brown Deer Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
David A. Kobus
OSD 08-CR5      Awarded: 2/24/2009
Title:Closed-Loop Real-Time Neurophysiologically-Driven Simulation-Based Training System.
Abstract:This project will demonstrate the feasibility of developing an integrated system that monitors and provides feedback on cognitive states to enhance and expedite warfighter training. The system will collect, clean, and process neurophysiologic and performa

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Michael van Lent
OSD 08-CR6      Awarded: 4/6/2009
Title:Providing Instruction and Practice through Game-Based Technology
Abstract:In the past decade there has been an explosion of interest in using games and game technology for education and training due in large part to a number of presumed benefits. However, a number of these presumed benefits have not yet been realized or do not

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner''''s Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Alex Davis
OSD 08-CR6      Awarded: 4/6/2009
Title:Providing Instruction and Practice through Game-Based Technology
Abstract:We propose the design and development of a game-based, demonstration-oriented framework for development and execution of rigorous instruction. The approach seeks inclusion of the entire instructional cycle into the game environment, including information

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2428
William Salter
OSD 08-CR7      Awarded: 7/2/2009
Title:Cultural Awareness for Military Operations (CAMO)
Abstract:Aptima is proposing an innovative approach to developing relevant, effective military cultural training. The Cultural Awareness for Military Operations (CAMO) proof-of-concept prototype will be based on theoretically grounded and empirically validated pedagogy. It will result in a serious game built on the Delta3D game engine. Delta3D is a key development component of the Deployable Virtual Training Environment (DVTE), a laptop based training platform already adopted by the Marine Corps. CAMO will thus be on a smooth technical transition path. It will adapt to learner knowledge, background, and progress, incorporating proven training measurement technology, already effectively applied in the DVTE environment, that greatly facilitates the design, construction, and collection of valid measures. CAMO will contain accurate and relevant cultural content, with Phase I development focusing on general cultural awareness and skills. This will lay the groundwork for further elaboration in Phase II and for developing culture-specific training as well. It will be grounded in both academic research (ensured by our collaborator, Professor Lynn Smith-Lovin of Duke University) and detailed familiarity with military training requirements, ensured by interactions with military subject matter experts. It will therefore address vital military requirements and should be on track for rapid transition to operational use.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Ali Ahmad
OSD 08-CR7      Awarded: 7/2/2009
Title:Learning the Human Terrain
Abstract:Changes in modern warfare are necessitating the provision of efficient and effective training tools for U.S. marines and soldiers. Current low-intensity military operations are multi-dimensional requiring new sociocultural communication skills. In this effort, we propose developing a serious game for training social and cultural communication skills. The serious game will incorporate performance and cognitive state assessment to ensure effective training. Specifically, this effort will be a joint development between Design Interactive and Applied Systems Intelligence, where Design Interactive will provide training and cognitive state assessment components, and Applied Systems Intelligence will provide social and cultural domain content. Phase 1 will develop a complete concept design for a sociocultural skills and communication training tool. There are several technical objectives associated with conducting this research: 1) determining targeted social and cultural communication skills, 2) identifying technology limitations and risks, 3) designing the performance and cognitive state monitoring components, and 4) incorporating an appropriate feedback system. The resulting concept in Phase 1 will form a foundation for building a serious game prototype in Phase 2, as well as establishing a foundation for several tools to be used in the military and commercial markets.

MYMIC LLC
200 High Street Suite 308
Portsmouth, VA 23704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 391-9200
Phillip Jones
OSD 08-CR7      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Learning the Human Terrain
Abstract:United States servicemen and women need an improved understanding of and appreciation for the impact of culture. In response to this requirement, the MYMIC Team will develop an Adaptive Game for Culture, a serious game to deliver relevant cultural skills training to the Marine and Soldier. In order to maximize the application of cultural skills training, we will focus the training on acquisition of general concepts for cultural knowledge, skills, and abilities. We will also utilize the science of augmented cognition to tailor the learning experience to the cognitive state of the trainee. Most importantly, we will implement the most nonintrusive means of cognitive state assessment to minimize disruption and ensure usability. The MYMIC Team will combine its expertise in military training with the College of William & Mary’s experience in augmented cognition applications and Anthropology-driven knowledge base of cultures worldwide to achieve this solution.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Michael van Lent
OSD 08-CR7      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Tailored Learning for Cross-Cultural Intelligence Collection Training
Abstract:Computer games can enable training for the human terrain that is both scalable and effective. However, games lack the individualized guidance and feedback that speeds and deepens learning. To enable improved game-based learning of the human terrain, Soar Technology proposes to develop an innovative cross-cultural training game and, within the training game, apply and extend previously-developed dynamic tailoring technologies for individualizing a trainee''s experience. The training game will focus on one-on-one interactions in the context of human-intelligence gathering, building on an existing game-based system. Novel features include technology infrastructure to enable rapid development of non-player characters and a narrative structure that will increase engagement and enable substantial variation for practice. Tailoring is enabled by diagnostic daemons that monitor student activity. We will extend existing diagnostic capabilities to incorporate psychophysiological sensors. These sensors will enable dynamic imputation of some mental states, such as attention and cognitive workload. By extending and developing new tailoring strategies for both content and game-play adaptation, the proposed training game will be able to tailor learning opportunities to specific, observed training needs, cognitive state, and game-play preferences of the trainee, providing highly individualized, targeted learning experiences for trainees.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6116
Jared Freeman
OSD 08-CR8      Awarded: 2/24/2009
Title:RESIST-EM: Resisting Espionage & Sabotage with an Intelligent System for Training Expert Managers
Abstract:This SBIR topic presents two challenges. The first is to define techniques and technologies that advance the science of Accelerated Learning. The solution must be generalizable across complex problem domains. The second challenge is to apply this solution to the problem of insider threats to DoD information systems. Aptima proposes to address both challenges in Phase I. (1) We will draw on instructional theory and research to design a system of tools for developing and retaining expertise in complex domains. We refer to this scientific and instructional design resource as an Accelerated Learning Architecture (ALA). (2) We will design, prototype, and evaluate a domain-specific application of ALA that trains front-line managers about the insider threat to DoD information systems. We refer to this system as RESIST-EM: Resisting Espionage & Sabotage with an Intelligent System for Training Expert Managers. In Phase II, we will refine the Accelerated Learning Architecture and implement RESIST-EM. The project team of Aptima, Anders Ericsson (Florida State University), and Frank Greitzer (National Security Directorate, Battelle) bring to this task: expertise in training research, knowledge of the insider threat, and proven capability to develop training systems. Lockheed Martin endorses this proposal for its transition potential.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 810-8509
Douglas Bennett
OSD 08-CR8      Awarded: 2/24/2009
Title:Accelerated Learning through Serious Game Technology
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to design an instructional system that uses serious game technology to train supervisors on detecting and thwarting insider threats to critical DOD computing systems. We will also investigate the use of currently existing bio-feedback sensors in line with Augmented Cognition R&D to gauge the effectiveness of training and assess the speed of knowledge capture and retention.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Catherine Call
OSD 08-CR8      Awarded: 2/24/2009
Title:Games for Insider Threat Activity Recognition (GITAR)
Abstract:Considerable investment has been made in defensive cyberwarfare to prevent enemies and potential enemies from penetrating DoD networks. Little investment has been made, however, in training DoD personnel to detect and thwart insider threats to these networks. There are a variety of technologies for digitally detecting activities on cyber workstations. However, these automatic defense systems must be augmented by managers who are prepared to act as a human line of defense and who are alert to markers of suspicious behaviors or attitudes of employees. Training managers to perform these tasks requires fostering cooperative and complex decision-making skills among management team members. We propose to design and evaluate an insider-threat detection and remediation training curriculum for the management team based on Games for Insider Threat Activity Recognition (GITAR) to augment insider threat awareness training workshops, such as those developed at CERT, AFRL and PNNL. For this effort we will leverage in-house technologies to rapidly design and prototype knowledge and behavioral models, serious game components, as well as adapt and demonstrate our collaboration product as an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), as a classroom discussion and team-building tool, and as a leave-behind tool to sustain a community of practice.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3792
James McCarthy
OSD 08-CR8      Awarded: 2/23/2009
Title:Accelerated Learning through Serious Game Technology
Abstract:Sonalysts is pleased to offer this proposal to apply accelerated learning techniques to combat the insider cyber threat. Accelerated learning is the accelerated development of persistent expertise in a domain. In other words, accelerated learning techniques are designed to increase the rate at which content is mastered and reduce the rate at which it atrophies during periods of disuse. These techniques can significantly reduce costs associated with developing and maintaining expertise. To achieve this goal, Sonalysts will focus our efforts on supporting “deliberate practice” for emerging experts. We will do so by creating a “serious game” that merges commercial gaming technology with state- of-the-art intelligent tutoring technology. Scaffolds within the game, based on our closed- loop adaptive training technology, will monitor student mastery, select appropriate activities/resources, assess student performance, and deliver guiding feedback. Sonalysts will apply the technological advances developed within this topic to create an interactive training environment that supervisory personnel will use to improve their ability to prevent, detect, and respond to malicious insider actions.

Tier 1 Performance Solutions, LLC
6 East 5th Street Suite 400
Covington, KY 41011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 663-2114
Terence Andre
OSD 08-CR8      Awarded: 2/24/2009
Title:Accelerated Learning through Serious Game Technology
Abstract:Military network environments will be subject to both internal and external threats for the foreseeable future. Internal threats to cyber networks from U.S. personnel receive little attention in comparison to external threats; yet, the consequences can be even more devastating. The lack of tools for understanding insider threat, analyzing risk mitigation alternatives, and communicating results exacerbates the problem. In addition to automatic defense systems, supervisors must be alert to behavioral markers of suspicious behavior or attitudes on the part of employees. Effective training of supervisors and the instructors who teach them would help the DoD take proactive measures to detect and prevent intrusions as they happen, and before they can do significant damage. To address this challenge, the TiER1 Performance Solutions Team proposes to design and build XL-CITR (Accelerated Learning for Cyber Insider Threat Reduction), a training development system that will properly train supervisors to detect and thwart insider threats to cyber networks.

Lynntech, Inc
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Jeremy Steinshnider
OSD 08-E09      Awarded: 5/11/2009
Title:Contaminant Resistant Intermediate Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell System for Military Application
Abstract:Intermediate temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) operating directly on the reformates of logistic fuels have a great potential for simplifying the power generation systems for Army and Navy applications. However trace amounts of S and CO contaminants present in the reformate streams as well as in the air in hot battlefields, have a significant poisoning effect on PEMFC catalysts and membrane materials, thus limiting its performance and durability. In the present proposal, therefore a modular approach of PEMFC system design is attempted, to seggregate and resolve the contaminant problems for PEMFC systems separately. An intermediate temperature PEMFC system working at operating temperatures above 150 0C with reformate gas as fuel is proposed, wherein the reformate gas feed and the air feed have separate purification systems, thus eliminating the deleterious effects of contaminants on PEMFC performance and durability. Phase I will develop and demonstrate a conceptual design of a modular fuel cell system operating with reformate gas, with energy density in excess of 100 W/kg and H2 utilization efficiencies in excess of 50 %, which will form the basis of a more detailed design in Phase II.

NexTech Materials, Ltd.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Lewis Center, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Paul H. Matter
OSD 08-E09      Awarded: 5/11/2009
Title:Logistic-Fueled 500-kW SOFC Power System
Abstract:In this proposed SBIR project, NexTech Materials will determine feasibility of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for large-scale (100+ kW) power generation from military logistic fuels. In Phase I, a conceptual design for a fuel cell power system operating on logistic fuel will be established in order to determine the expected energy density of a 500-kW SOFC system. Various operational modes will be considered, with experimental work to prove feasibility of candidate modes. Additional experimental work will be performed to determine the robustness of NexTech’s SOFCs to various impurities that are expected to be present in the fuel and air streams. In Phase II, the detailed design of a 500-kW system will be completed and validated by sub-scale system testing. A dynamic model will also be established to simulate operability and transient performance of the fuel cell system.

TreadStone Technologies, Inc
201 Washington Road
Princeton, NJ 08543
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 734-3071
Conghua Wang
OSD 08-E09      Awarded: 5/11/2009
Title:Contaminant Resistant High Power Density Fuel Cells for Military Application
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase 1 proposal to the Department of Defense plans to demonstrate a design of 2 kW modular contaminant resistant high power density fuel cell power system using logistic fuel reformate as the fuel. TreadStone will develop a lightweight fuel cell stacks, using contaminant resistant polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane electrolyte, corrosion resistive metal bipolar plates, and design the high power density fuel cell power based on this lightweight fuel cell stack. The design objectives of the power system are 53% fuel energy conversion efficiency, and 120 w/kg power density of the power system. TreadStone plan to apply its proprietary metal corrosion protection technology to develop the corrosion resistive metal bipolar plate, which is the key element of the high power density PBI based fuel cell power system. The success of this project will provide the solution to the high performance power system to meet the growing power needs in the battlefields. The contaminant resistant fuel cell power system will also have great commercial potential in stationary power generation markets.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6061
Michael Ellis
OSD 08-E10      Awarded: 3/20/2009
Title:Adaptive Phase Management and Mixing Enhancement
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT), supported by Texas A&M University (TAMU), proposes to develop a Momentum-driven Vortex Separator (MVS) technology for vapor and liquid management for the advanced vapor cycle Thermal Management Systems (TMS). The MVS developed at TAMU is a single component, two-phase management device that has been successfully demonstrated in various acceleration environments, ranging from microgravity to 19.6 m/s2 (2 g’s) and including inverse acceleration and random vibration. The proposed Phase I project will primarily focus on design and modeling of the integrated TMS and MVS technologies, resulting in a multiple-evaporator TNS design that will be fabricated and tested in the follow-on Phase II project.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Weibo Chen
OSD 08-E10      Awarded: 3/20/2009
Title:A Highly Stable Two-Phase Thermal Management System
Abstract:Future weapons and electronics systems will have multiple components that generate large amounts of heat at intense heat fluxes. Advanced thermal management technology is needed to control the temperatures of these components. We propose to develop a highly stable two-phase thermal management system to meet these requirements. Our innovative system and component designs will effectively suppress flow instability in the system. The highly stable system will be very reliable and can absorb heat from multiple components very efficiently at intense heat fluxes. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of the critical components, design the Phase II subscale system, and show by analysis and design that the flows in the system will be very stable at prototypical operating conditions. In Phase II, we will design, build, and demonstrate a highly stable two-phase thermal management system with multiple evaporators.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joseph Homitz
OSD 08-E10      Awarded: 3/20/2009
Title:Development of a Reliable Vapor-Compression thermal Management System for Airborne Applications with Steady and Transient Operation
Abstract:Cooling requirements associated with ongoing developments in aircraft technology have exceeded the capabilities of existing thermal management architectures. In recent studies, vapor-compression systems have shown potential to meet these requirements through two-phase heat transfer and capabilities to reject waste heat to high heat-sink temperatures. One important issue that must be addressed prior to implementing this technology is determining how to operate these systems reliably in transient airborne environments. In Phase I, Mainstream will investigate the performance of a specific configuration which makes use of an advanced control system and is aimed toward modularity and reliability. The experimental system developed for this investigation will also serve to investigate the degree of vapor quality management that is necessary. The information that is gained from these experiments will be used to validate the potential of the proposed design and used to optimize the design of other configurations. In addition, Mainstream will perform an analytical evaluation of methods of vapor quality management that show potential for integration

Aspen Systems, Inc.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Somesh K
OSD 08-E11      Awarded: 1/13/2009
Title:Cost Effective Coatings for Low-Friction Ducting
Abstract:To meet the challenge of ever increasing thermal loads, U.S defense is taking steps for efficient thermal management of its future military platforms. As thermal management is a critical requirement in advanced propulsion, weapon and sensor systems, adva

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joshua D. Sole
OSD 08-E11      Awarded: 1/12/2009
Title:Development and Demonstration of a Corrosion and Microbial Resistant Near-Fictionless Duct Coating
Abstract:Reduced duct friction and improved fan technology can significantly increase maximum airflow in ducts. More specifically, the Navy desires a doubling of maximum airflow in shipboard HVAC systems. It is shown in this proposal that reduced duct friction al

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Michael Bortner
OSD 08-E11      Awarded: 1/12/2009
Title:Economical Nanostructured Super Low Friction Shipboard Duct Coatings
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed Phase I SBIR program is to develop and demonstrate extremely low cost, lightweight, robust frictional drag reduction nanocomposite coatings that provide high levels of corrosion resistance and flame retardant for use

Advanced Energy Conversion, LLC
Suite 500, 10 Hermes Road
Malta, NY 12020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 289-8020
Edward Kirchner
OSD 08-E12      Awarded: 12/16/2008
Title:High Speed Compact Vaneaxial Fans
Abstract:We believe the following improvements are possible in vaneaxial fans: efficiency through improved fan blade design, coupled with the freedom to operate at speeds substantially higher than 3600rpm; reduced size by operating the fan at higher speed allows s

AVID LLC
1750 Kraft Drive, Suite 1400
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 886-2611
Andy Turnbull
OSD 08-E12      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:High Speed Compact Vaneaxial Fans
Abstract:By combining modern design techniques, such as design of experiments (DOE) with response surface models (RSM), as well as SOA electrical motor technology, the flow rates and efficiency requested by this solicitation can be achieved and surpassed. The DOE

Barber-Nichols Inc.
6325 West 55th Avenue
Arvada, CO 80002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 421-8111
Judy Busby
OSD 08-E12      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:High Speed Compact Vaneaxial Fans
Abstract:Barber-Nichols will be using state-of-the art aerodynamic and acoustic design and optimization tools to improve the efficiency and acoustic signature of a current cooling fan design. The efficiency and noise levels will be improved through multi-objectiv

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Christopher D
OSD 08-E12      Awarded: 12/15/2008
Title:High Efficiency, Aerodynamically Enhanced Vaneaxial Fan
Abstract:CRG’s highly efficient, aerodynamically enhanced vaneaxial fan is designed to reduce the overall size and weight of current systems by at least 50% and operate an efficiency of at least 85%. To accomplish this CRG will perform an in depth study on the de

ArchieMD, Inc
3600 FAU BLVD STE 201
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 391-4448
Kraig Mentor
OSD 08-H11      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Multiplayer Online Simulation Environment for Training Trauma Teams
Abstract:Medical professionals have limited opportunity to gain relevant experience in surgical treatment of battlefield injuries. Battlefield injuries are unique in their complexity and severity; similar cases are only rarely seen in the civilian sector. This poses a fundamental readiness issue for Army, Air Force, and Navy medical personnel. With limited opportunities to develop hands-on experience prior to deployment, an alternate training paradigm is required. ArchieMD, Inc. proposes to develop a 3d multiplayer online simulation environment for training trauma teams. The proposed environment will enable a separate first-person point-of-view for each member of the trauma team. Trainees will communicate via voice chat during the simulation, and sessions will be recorded for after action reviews. The proposed system will be SCORM compliant, web-deliverable, application that enable trauma teams to train on-demand regardless of duty location. The training will be aligned with scenarios used on patient simulators. This will enable extensive practice in an online environment to perfect cognitive skill and team interaction, followed by more limited training on a patient simulator to master psychomotor skills.

Operative Experience, Inc.
75 Greenhaven Drive
Elkton, MD 21921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 392-5088
Robert Buckman
OSD 08-H11      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Medical Simulation-Based Training System for Rapid Trauma Skills Training
Abstract:Military physicians are often deployed to remote locations and required to perform general and trauma surgical procedures required during wartime for which they may not have been specifically trained or for which their skills have degraded with time. The overall objective of our program is to improve the cognitive and psychomotor trauma skills of trauma-naïve general or subspecialty surgeons about to be deployed to combat zones. We propose to develop a short-term simulation based course using realistic physical models to prepare these surgeons for the operative management of major combat wounds. The proposed course is a new way of training trauma operative surgery skills based on a goal-directed curriculum, detailed instructional videos, operations on an artificial body and objective metrics to evaluate trainee performance. Operative Experience, Inc. (OEI) has developed a technology to produce surgical models based offer the type of realistic simulation necessary to train for open trauma surgery at a much lower cost and greater availability than cadavers and animals. These models allow the trainee to dissect with sharp or blunt techniques, encircle vessels, retract, suture and staple tissues.

SimQuest, LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Dwight Meglan
OSD 08-H11      Awarded: 1/29/2009
Title:Medical Simulation-Based Training System for Rapid Trauma Skills Training
Abstract:No purely didactic program can fully prepare any peacetime surgeon for the challenges of combat trauma surgery. This type of surgery, often performed in resource-constrained environments and under adverse conditions, calls upon specialized decisionmaking patterns and skill sets. The purpose of this project is to develop a system for providing surgeons with the training and practice they will need to be successful combat surgeons when they are deployed. A rapid trauma skills training platform will be developed that will impart the necessary mindset for accurate decisionmaking and specific technical skills as appropriate to attain maximum readiness to perform combat surgery. With the help of an unparalleled panel of subject-matter experts, an advanced distributed learning, adult student-centered, case scenario-based product involving intelligent tutoring and assessment that is tailored to specific end-user needs will be developed. Using cases based on current conflicts, the system will prepare surgeons for the environments they are likely to encounter during deployment. A prototype system will be developed in Phase I and the groundwork laid for a transfer-of-training assessment.

JXT Applications, Inc.
1195 Meadow Bridge Drive, Suite C
Beavercreek, OH 45434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(830) 446-0008
William Walsh
OSD 08-H12      Awarded: 2/2/2009
Title:Sim-Game based Training System for Scene and Patient Management Following Blast Injury from Explosives Including Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
Abstract:Though members of the military have long been susceptible as victims of injuries from explosions; this has become increasingly prevalent with the employment of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in Iraq and elsewhere. Combat medical personnel and their civilian counterparts must be trained to recognize and understand the mechanism of injury from explosives and provide proper assessment, care and evacuation to survivors. In most blast circumstances a mass casualty situation will result. This will likely require an effective and accurate patient triage to accomplish the principle of achieving the greatest good for the greatest number. Triage procedures are relatively simple to apply, however they are most difficult for first responders to employ. This project develops and demonstrates a prototype sim-game based training adjunct for Combat Medics with current emergency medical technician (EMT) and advanced skills training.

MYMIC LLC
200 High Street Suite 308
Portsmouth, VA 23704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 391-9200
Phillip Jones
OSD 08-H12      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Sim-Game based Training System for Scene and Patient Management Following Blast Injury from Explosives Including Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
Abstract:MYMIC LLC proposes the development of the Complex Incident Response Training System (CIRTS)—Combat Medic (CM). Initially, CIRTS-CM will be a game-based training system that will provide a matrixed learning and certification progression for combat medics and corpsmen responding to Improvised Explosive Device (IED) incidents. Eventually, CIRTS- CM support will be expanded to other medical domains, such as incidents other than IEDs, military combat support hospitals and civilian emergency medical technicians and other medical first responders. CIRTS-CM will provide simultaneous, multi-faceted challenges to trainees under realistic, rigorous and stressful conditions. CIRTS-CM will include an internal training management capability that will ensure the trainee is presented with the appropriate level of challenge.

Renee Stout, Inc.
2630 Fallbrook Dr.
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 365-5281
Rene''''''''e Stout
OSD 08-H12      Awarded: 2/12/2009
Title:Sim-Game based Training System for Scene and Patient Management Following Blast Injury from Explosives Including Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
Abstract:Training civilian and military prehospital medical providers to respond effectively to Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) involves training personnel to think critically to make rapid and effective decisions to adapt to dynamic and changing task conditions. Pre- hospital providers, such as combat medics, must make both tactical and strategic decisions under conditions of extreme pressure, such as triaging patients with various types of injuries. Training them how to think critically and to adapt under such conditions must be conducted in a short time period as personnel prepare to deploy. Innovative approaches, such as utilizing technologies in simulation and game-based instruction, offer a high impact strategy to facilitate the development of adaptive expertise by allowing for multiple, varied scenarios and by incorporating techniques to encourage mindful abstractions. PC-based strategy games offer an especially viable approach, given that they can motivate trainees to engage in higher-level critical thinking, particularly reflecting on their strategic and tactical thinking. The Phase I research will result in a concept plan for the development of a simulation based game to teach, test, and certify civilian and military pre-hospital medical providers to respond to IED blasts. This will include both medical and tactical decision making and critical thinking skills.

SimQuest, LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Howard R.
OSD 08-H12      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Sim-Game based Training System for Scene and Patient Management Following Blast Injury from Explosives Including Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
Abstract:Explosive devices are the most frequently used weapons in combat and by terrorists. The greatest diagnostic challenges for clinicians at all levels of care in the aftermath of explosions are the large numbers of casualties and multiple penetrating injuries. Skilled/experienced combat medics and EMTs need to be aware of the resultant unique patterns, multiple etiologies, and complexity of blast injury and to employ appropriate response strategies and tactics. Over the past several years, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and terrorist incidents throughout the world have significantly increased the body of knowledge regarding the treatment of injuries from explosions. The first priority of this effort is to take lessons learned and provide up-to-date, quality, technology-assisted training for US armed forces that will augment other ongoing efforts. Beyond ensuring that our deployed forces have the best knowledge available, this program will address the immense need to provide US tactical EMS/first responders with a similar knowledge base and skill set. SimQuest has laid the preliminary groundwork for a simulation-based game that will enable users to access existing blast scene/management expertise. The over-arching goal is to provide training specific to explosive blast events that will improve care rendered by providers at the scene.

Diamond Visionics LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-8526
David L. Peters
OSD 08-H13      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Improving patient safety by enhancing the medication delivery and administration process into a seamless system that is integrated into the electronic
Abstract:Diamond Visionics (DV) will leverage its application development experience and existing Electronic Health Record (EHR) application to integrate with vendor and non-proprietary pharmacy management applications to develop an integrated system. This system will be focused on providing a common order and process verification platform for the various stages of medication administration. This will help reduce errors and achieve quality standards goals of health care organizations in the Military Health Services and Civilian sector

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5223
Margaret Lyell
OSD 08-H13      Awarded: 1/22/2009
Title:Smart Middleware and Open Standards in the Service of Medicine: Integrating Agents Applied to the Medication Delivery and Administration Process
Abstract:The challenge of the opportunity is to ‘establish approaches to integrate the current steps of the medication delivery and administration process into a seamless system that is interconnected and recorded in the electronic health record.’ Intelligent Automation’s innovative approach is to utilize an advanced type of middleware, termed software agent technology, for integrating the software, hardware and knowledge elements pertinent to current steps involved in medical administration and medication delivery. Significantly, this type of middleware offers the key advantage that applications can also be built using the middleware technology; thus, it is easy to develop and integrate alerts / safeguard-type applications into a system. Knowledge element integration includes utilization of ontologies (or thesauri), and attendant supporting parsers, mappers and rule engine elements. The integration of Middleware should never become an issue in a medical setting; physicians, nurses, and other healthcare specialists have their established routines/ workflows for delivering patient care. The middleware should never be an element that causes them to perturb their routine. Rather, it must remain unobtrusive while assisting their established workflow while offering integrated applications that offer safeguards that improve patient safety.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
5004 Lehigh Avenue
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 998-5333
Alvin Ramsey
OSD 08-H13      Awarded: 1/26/2009
Title:Improving patient safety by enhancing the medication delivery and administration process into a seamless system that is integrated into the electronic
Abstract:TECHNICAL ABSTRACT

Albert I. King
1000 Bretton Lane
Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 489-5926
Clifford C. Chou
OSD 08-H14      Awarded: 1/30/2009
Title:A Biomechanical Model for the Investigation of Blast Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:The objectives of this proposal are to develop an animal surrogate finite element (FE) model and environment that can be used as a tool to investigate injury mechanisms and mitigation of traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to blast overpressure. A rat head model with a high degree of anatomical detail will be refined for used within an FE blast environment. To avoid the use of unnecessarily costly and complex computational fluid dynamics techniques, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics and Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian methods will be employed to simulate the blast. Verification of these methods using a brain simulant will occur before performing a feasibility study by applying the blast simulation to the rat head FE model. Existing in vivo pressure data from tests at Wayne State University will be used to establish an initial degree of validation. Because tissue properties during high-rate loading, such as blast, are largely unknown, principal component analysis will be conducted to determine the most sensitive tissue properties, and optimization techniques will be used to increase the correlation between experimentally measured and model-predicted pressures. This model will be used as a basis for further development of a research tool to study TBI in Phase II.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Andrzej Przekwas
OSD 08-H14      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:A Biomechanical-Physiological Model for Preclinical Investigation of Blast Wave TBI
Abstract:Recent statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) show that 61% of soldiers injured in explosion blast events endure Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The current understanding of TBI mechanisms is incomplete and is limiting the development of protection and therapeutic measures. Animal testing, in vitro study, and analysis of clinical data are useful and necessary but these are slow, expensive, and often inconclusive. Anatomy and physiology based mathematical modeling tools of blast brain injury to small animals will provide complementary capabilities for a better understanding of blast wave brain injury mechanisms, assessing and improving protective armor, and faster development of better treatment protocols. The overall objective of this project is to develop and validate high- fidelity and reduced order multiscale modeling tools for the analysis of blast wave primary TBI mechanisms in animal models. In Phase I we will develop a “virtual rat” model of blast wave TBI and adapt the multiscale computational tools for parametric simulations of three- way coupled shock wave – whole body biomechanics – vascular response to shock waves. The model will be validated against available data from shock tube experimental tests. In Phase II we will develop virtual mouse and pig models. The modeling tools and the experimental data will be used to develop brain injury criteria and methodology for animal- to-human scaling.

Integrated Services Group, Inc
P. O. Box 60060
Potomac, MD 20859
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 299-7357
Faris Bandak
OSD 08-H14      Awarded: 1/30/2009
Title:A Computational Biomechanics Model for the Study of Blast Brain Injury
Abstract:Injury patterns in recent conflicts involving the United States show a similarity with those observed in previous conflicts. As protective body armor effectiveness progressed and medical care advanced, mortality among current U.S. warfighters has been reduced. As a consequence, more warfighters are surviving what previously would have been fatal injuries making other injury conditions like blast brain injury (BBI) more prominent than before. This has focused national attention on explosive blast neurotruama, a nonpenetrating brain injury which has become recognized as a component of traditionally diagnosed head trauma incurred in combat. The injury mechanisms, or the brain wounding processes, in BBI are not fully understood and a recent surge in experimental efforts has been undertaken to better understand these mechanisms. The development of computational models to work hand in hand in designing experiments and analyzing pre-clinical BBI data is greatly needed. Integrated Services Group (ISG), will, in conjunction with available experimental and clinical data, develop a sophisticated computational model of the rat head suitable for conducting computational and biomechanical analysis of the head subjected to explosive blast. It will provide a better understanding of the effects of direct blast loading of the head to obtain extracranial and intracranial response for a range of relevant loadings. This model is invaluable in studying blast brain injury mechanisms or wounding processes.

Novonics Corporation
2451 Crystal Drive Suite 1103
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 382-7374
Anna Andrews
OSD 08-H15      Awarded: 2/2/2009
Title:Interactive Game-Based System for Psychological Health Education
Abstract:During the course of this SBIR effort, Novonics Corporation will develop an interactive game-based system to address the Psychological Health (PH) education and training needs of military service members. Developed in concert with the principles of instructional systems design and game-based learning, the future system will include a series of Immersive Learning Simulations (ILS) designed to provide an optimal blend of education and training tools for the military PH domain. The envisioned instructional solution will help raise the learner awareness about military PH options as well as develop the learner ability to recognize PH-related issues and identify appropriate mitigation strategies for a variety of PH issues commonly encountered within military environments.

SIMmersion LLC
9861 Broken Land Parkway Suite 200
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 283-2504
Dale Olsen
OSD 08-H15      Awarded: 2/2/2009
Title:Interactive Game-Based System for Psychological Health Education
Abstract:A significant number of Warriors are returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with Psychological Health (PH) problems that put Warriors at risk for substance abuse, marital and family problems, and even suicide. We propose to develop a prototype interactive simulation utilizing our cutting-edge technology that will reduce Warriors’ perceptions of stigma while also teaching them how to recognize PH problems and utilize existing military and civilian resources. The simulation will supplement current training and treatment efforts by giving Warriors the opportunity to practice conversing with peers about psychological health. SIMmersion’s simulation technology will immerse Users in a realistic interpersonal exchange while also providing a consistent approach that can be used in multiple training settings.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Michael van Lent
OSD 08-H15      Awarded: 1/29/2009
Title:Interactive Game-Based System for Psychological Health Education
Abstract:When a service member returns from deployment, expectations on both sides run high for a joyous reunion. However, this transition to a peacetime environment can pose many challenges for the service member as well as his family and friends. Soar Technology, with our partners at USC''''''''s Institute for Creative Technology and the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, propose to develop a game-based training environment that will assist the families of service members, and the service members themselves, in recognizing when a service member may need psychological help and encouraging that service member to seek out help. Our game-based training environment will focus on four areas; how to recognizing the signs that a service member may need help, what are the available psychological health options, how to suggest to the service member that they may need help, and how to ease the service member''''''''s concerns with entering into an unfamiliar situation. Our team''''''''s deep experience base in building game-based training tools for the military, using game environments as psychological therapy tools, and providing psychological health treatment specifically to the military community, makes us uniquely suited to develop this game-based training system for psychological health education.

Total Immersion Software, Inc.
1 Marina Village Pkwy. Suite 330
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 521-1405
Michael Becker
OSD 08-H15      Awarded: 1/29/2009
Title:Interactive Game-Based System for Psychological Health Education
Abstract:JESSEY represents our proposed solution to this SBIR, which is to create an interactive, 3D virtual worlds environment that is populated with very high fidelity (close to photo-real) avatars and situations that can interact with the User in an almost life like way. Our strategic objective for this effort however is more than just creating a highly realistic computer generated environment, it is also to create a set of tools that will allow Psychological Health (PH) subject matter experts to create/edit/update the avatar/User interactions so that as needs change and the PH community becomes more knowledgeable about how to deploy such as tool, they can quickly make changes without having to engage software developers or other ‘middlemen’ in the process. Our plan is to draw upon existing and emerging tools within the commercial computer gaming industry to create a high fidelity, interactive simulation that can be tailored by PH subject matter experts (SME). TIS will capitalize upon this 3D technology and using its experiences both in the commercial game world and in it’s understanding of the DoD/Federal Government unique needs, mold that technology into a high fidelity 3D virtual world where people can privately explore PH issues.

GCAS Incorporated
1531 Grand Avenue
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Maurizio Borsotto
OSD 08-H16      Awarded: 1/21/2009
Title:Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) Supervisor
Abstract:In the past years, platforms that integrate medical devices for patient monitoring and care have been developed and fielded. Studies conducted in universities and trauma centers have advanced the capability of forecasting patients’ outcomes from their conditions, etiology, pathology, demographics and profile. Progresses have also been made in diagnostics and prognostics modeling, with algorithms that evaluate a person’s physiological condition from measurements of vital signs. These algorithms offer modularity, awareness of the nature and capabilities of the networked devices, integration of alarm conditions, assessment of readiness and reliability of devices, and detection of hardware failure. The Medical Device “Plug-and-Play” initiative has resulted into the definition of a comprehensive framework for interoperability and functionality of integrated medical platforms, formalized into the Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) specifications. Now the conditions have matured for the convergence of these experiences and progresses in a coordinated effort to produce a configurable trauma lifesaver assistant, featuring networked devices and clinical decision-support algorithms working at unison to improve patient care and outcome. Objective of our effort will be the adaptation of a commercial integrated medical platform to the ICE specifications, together with the development of decision-support algorithms for patient monitoring and care.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5241
Renato Levy
OSD 08-H16      Awarded: 1/16/2009
Title:mICE: a mobile Integrated Clinical Environment
Abstract:This proposal describes the architecture of mICE – a mobile Integrated Clinical Environment that interconnects medical-electrical (ME) equipment in field environments to provide safety interlocks, closed-loop control in critical situations, decision support, and the ability to manage multiple patients in a multi-casualty environment. The core of the mICE architecture is the decision model and data mining engine, which together comprise the ICE Supervisor. The decision model receives sensor signals in real-time, applies evidence-based medical protocols, and generates automatic actions and decision support guidelines to support patient health maintenance. The offline data mining engine evaluates medical cases recorded in the field to identify new medically-relevant interventions and predictive sensor features. The Supervisor is supported by a Signal Processing and Command Generation Box that uses independent, programmable ports to convert raw data to meaningful events, and a set of field programmable smart cables, that convert non-standard ME equipment signals to the emerging ICE standard.

Linea Research Corporation
781 Rosewood Drive
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 533-9546
YongJin Lee
OSD 08-H16      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:ICE- Based Trauma Livesaver Assistant
Abstract:Combat casualty care can be significantly enhanced by a portable, self-contained system that monitors the health status of the wounded warfighter and provides advanced medical decision-support and alarm/interlock functions. Linea Research Corporation proposes to leverage the emerging Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) standard to design and build a trauma lifesaver assistant that augments the skills and capabilities of the medic or corpsman in the field. ICE characterizes the patient-centric ecosystem comprising of the patient, clinicians, interoperable medical devices, and information on the patient and therapeutic care plans. The proposed system will be battery operated and will be designed to fit into a medic’s field pack. The ICE-based system will integrate the physiological monitors and the therapeutic devices and generate automated alarms, interlocks, decision-support and record-keeping. The system will monitor vital organ functions for any early signs of deviation from normal physiological state to produce the alarms and decision-support instructions. A rule-based interlock algorithm will prevent the medic from inadvertently setting unsafe conditions.

Moberg Research, Inc.
224 S. Maple Way
Ambler, PA 19002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 283-0860
Richard Moberg
OSD 08-H16      Awarded: 1/20/2009
Title:Integrated Clinical Environment (ICE) Supervisor
Abstract:This project will develop a configurable trauma lifesaver assistant whereby the technical skills of a frontline caregiver can be augmented by an intelligent, integrated system of medical devices to rapidly stabilize and treat high acuity patients. More generally, the system may be used to monitor and display patient physiological parameters and may also act on the patient in order to deliver fluid, medication or therapeutic interventions. The system will consist of interoperable components consisting not only of medical devices but also informatics components such as care algorithms, decision support content, smart alarms, and patient information all coordinated by a supervisory function. The supervisory function will be based on the proposed standard for the Integrated Clinical Environment.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Odile Clavier
OSD 08-H17      Awarded: 1/16/2009
Title:Functional Hearing Evaluation For Military Occupational Specialties
Abstract:Communication requirements vary widely across Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) and mission readiness depends on the applicant’s ability to perform their jobs safely and efficiently. Some specialties require the soldier to perform hearing-critical tasks that may take place in non-optimal environments. These hearing abilities are not currently appropriately assessed with existing audiology tools which rely primarily on standard auditory thresholds. Creare proposes to develop, test, and deliver a portable Functional Hearing Assessment Tool to determine if an individual meets hearing-critical measures sufficient to be assigned to or remain in a particular job, or if hearing aids or hearing protection compromise hearing-related MOS requirements. The tool will include several hearing tests including speech intelligibility in noise, sound localization and detection, and automated thresholds with specific pass/fail criteria associated with each MOS. We will also develop a systematic approach to identify hearing-critical tasks, set performance parameters for these tasks, and relate functional hearing ability to scores on standardized hearing tests.

Li Creative Technologies
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Josh J. Hajicek
OSD 08-H17      Awarded: 2/3/2009
Title:Evaluation of Hearing-Critical MOS/Mission Performance Capabilities
Abstract:This proposal outlines a novel methodology to assess a series of auditory and auditory psychophysical tests to comprehensively evaluate an individual’s ability to perform hearing critical tasks specific to an assortment of Military Occupational Specialties (MOS). Hearing critical tasks are functions that require hearing abilities, such as localization, or the ability to understand speech in noise (Soli, 2003). Hearing critical tasks for the following 6 MOS will be identified: Series 11 –infantry, series 13 – artillery, series 18 – special operations, series 19 – armor, series 88 transportation, and series 91 – medic. Specific tasks for each MOS will be identified and the importance of a number of all significant audiometric components of the task will be rated, such as localization, speech intelligibility, pitch differentiation, etc. For the critical to moderately-critical tasks, a battery of quick and high confidence tests will be developed to evaluate an individual’s ability to perform auditorily in a given MOS. A minimally sized kiosk or test suite will be prototyped to administer the tests and instantaneous feedback and ratings for each parameter of hearing will be displayed to the test administrator or audiologist. Scores will be added according to significance of the task it pertains and an PULHES “H” position grade will be given to a candidate thus effectively evaluating the overall hearing system for a given MOS.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Kristen LeRoy
OSD 08-H18      Awarded: 2/3/2009
Title:Pro-Active Dynamic Accommodating Socket
Abstract:With the continued improvements in body armor, and the disturbing increase in explosive offensives in modern combat, more of our wounded soldiers are surviving their injuries and there has been a considerable increase in the military amputee population. Modern prosthetics have improved significantly with regards to control and functionality, but the fit of the residual limb within a prosthetic socket is a primary concern for many amputees. A poor fit can lead to skin irritation, tissue breakdown, and pain. The volume of the residual limb of an amputee changes throughout the course of a day and/or throughout the year. Volume fluctuation within the socket can lead to issues for the amputee, including decreased comfort, increased shear forces, increased pressure on bony prominences, as well as a poor gait pattern. An uncomfortable or non-performing socket/residual limb interface decreases user compliance with the prosthetic and therefore decreases the activity level of amputees who want to remain active in their civilian and military lives. The Infoscitex team proposes a multilayered socket that takes advantage of a novel braided material for strength comprised of shape adjusting filaments for real time adjustable conformability, with thin cooling layers dedicated to improving wearer comfort by managing moisture. This new socket provides ultimate fit for improvement in the performance of the prosthesis. The socket adapts itself to the changing physical shape of the residual limb as the prosthesis is worn throughout the day. The materials are lightweight, breathable, and ultrasound transparent, allowing the prosthetic to function in a variety of environments.

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang Lee
OSD 08-H18      Awarded: 2/3/2009
Title:Liner and Electroactive Polymer Prosthetic Socket
Abstract:To address the OSD need for a proactive, dynamic, accommodating prosthetic socket, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Liner and Electroactive Polymer Prosthetic Socket (LEAPPS), based on lightweight polymers that respond to externally applied electrostatic forces. LEAPPS incorporates an array of rectangular electroactive polymer (EAP) cells that function as individually controlled force actuators to dynamically adjust the socket fit. Capacitive sensors positioned within each cell relay the physical displacement of the actuator to an embedded microcontroller, enabling rapid compensation for external stresses and changes in musculature. An innovative multiple- layer socket liner utilizing active peristaltic motion and hydrophilic wicking fibers provides a comfortable fit and efficient moisture management. The proposed LEAPPS system not only addresses the major OSD requirements for a proactive, dynamic socket with a moisture-managing liner, but also has significant commercial applications, including prosthetic sockets for civilians as well as “smart” athletic wear. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the LEAPPS system by building and testing bench-top prototypes. In Phase II, POC plans to build and test an advanced prototype in real world environments in conjunction with OSD.

DfR Solutions
5110 Roanoke Place Suite 101
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 806-7704
John McNulty
OSD 08-M01      Awarded: 3/17/2009
Title:Reliability Analysis and Prediction tool for Reballed BGAs in DoD Environments
Abstract:Ball grid array (BGA) commercial off the shelf (COTS) parts with SnPb solder balls are becoming obsolete. The uncertainty of Pb-free solder reliability in severe environments has led to a significant upsurge in reballing within the DoD supply chain. How

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(605) 431-2590
Clay Voyles
OSD 08-M01      Awarded: 3/17/2009
Title:Assessment of Reballing Methods for Ball Grid Array (BGA) Devices
Abstract:Radiance Technologies, Inc., in collaboration with Rosebud Electronics Integration Corporation (REIC) and the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology proposes the following research program to demonstrate the reliability of lead-free ball grid array (

DfR Solutions
5110 Roanoke Place Suite 101
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 474-0607
Robert Esser
OSD 08-M02      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Electronics Reliability Analysis Expert System
Abstract:The PoF-based software outlined in this proposal addresses the existing and future challenges of reliably incorporating COTS technology into military applications. The most common process for assessing reliability of military designs with COTS parts is MTBF calculations. The use of MTBF calculations is becoming increasingly inaccurate due to the need for large amounts of empirical data. The recent adoption of Pb-free solders in commercial industry poses an additional risk for electronics reliability assessment. The continuing reduction in size of electronic circuits introduces new problems associated with wearout. These three challenges (MTBF, Pb-free, IC Wearout) speak to the immediate need for a better approach. DfR Solutions proposes an open architecture reliability analysis expert system to address the shortfalls of the current method of predicting reliability in electronic modules. The expert system will be a software application built on Physics of Failure (PoF) principles and will be predictive for new military and COTS technologies. The software will allow easy input of electronic design information. The output will provide the user with a failure rate as a function of time for the assembly. Completion of this project will result in significant benefits to the DoD and the high reliability electronics industry.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Byoung Uk (Tim) Kim
OSD 08-M02      Awarded: 8/17/2009
Title:Physics of Failure Based Electronics Reliability Analysis Software
Abstract:Expert analysis tools that rapidly and accurately evaluate the reliability of electronics modules, such as printed circuit board assemblies (PCBA) for component health, performance and situational self awareness, are critically important to mission effectiveness of DoD systems. To accomplish this, the interactions between electronic components need to be predicted and monitored within a comprehensive health management system (HMS). Without HMS, catastrophic loss of surveillance assets can endanger US security and military personnel. Based on Ridgetop’s extensive experiences in electronic prognostics design and health management systems for critical applications, this SBIR will provide innovative and powerful reliability analysis HMS with development of (1) effective user interface that can be used by a line engineer with little formal training in reliability to provide expert analysis and (2) a sensor reliability analysis model to analyze and identify the physics of failure (POF) models by examining critical sensors such as high failure ranking components on a simple PCBA. These endeavors will allow us to develop software algorithms identified in sensor reliability analysis model, incorporate them into the automated software package and demonstrate our validation and performance by comparing the result between the software tool and a manual analysis in a DoD relevant environment.

DfR Solutions
5110 Roanoke Place Suite 101
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 806-7704
John McNulty
OSD 08-M03      Awarded: 3/24/2009
Title:Development of Complex Shock and Vibration Model and Reliability Prediction Tool for Pb-free Alloys
Abstract:The reliability and performance of Pb-free solders in harsh mechanical environments is not sufficiently understood for use in mission critical applications. Environmental regulations and commercial pressure has reduced the availability of Sn/Pb based com

GCAS Incorporated
1531 Grand Avenue
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Lee Smith
OSD 08-M03      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Assessment and Modeling of Shock and Vibration Performance of Lead-Free Alloys
Abstract:This proposal describes the development of a specific technology for test-verified shock and vibration susceptibility analysis of lead free solder installations. The thrust of the work will be the development of a dynamic modeling technique for incorpor

QRDC, Inc.
Box 562
Excelsior, MN 55331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 556-5205
Daryoush Allaei
OSD 08-M03      Awarded: 3/24/2009
Title:Performance Analysis System Software (PASS)
Abstract:The main objective of this work is to develop Performance Analysis System Software (PASS) suitable for lead-free electronic packages subjected to harsh mechanical shock and vibration environments. We will develop hardware tests and software packages for a

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
George Hansen
OSD 08-M03      Awarded: 3/24/2009
Title:Assessment and Modeling of Shock and Vibration Performance of Lead-Free Alloys
Abstract:Lead based solders have been used for decades to make connections in electronic assemblies and has an established reliably record in high performance applications. As industry moves away from the use of lead in electronic assemblies to SAC alloys, the d

ECI Technology, Inc.
60 Gordon Drive
Totowa, NJ 07512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 890-1114
Peter Bratin
OSD 08-M04      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Development and Validation of Tin-Whisker Growth Model and Accelerated Testing
Abstract:The essential step in the manufacturing of electronics systems involves soldering components to printed wiring boards. Copper and other metal leads to be soldered must be protected from oxidation during storage. Preffered protective coating for over fifty years was tin-lead solder. With passage of RoHS Directive that increased pressure to remore lead from electronics assemblies, new coating must be found. Pure tin is at the present time preffered drop-in option, but it suffers from whiskering phenomena that can cause catastrophic failures in electronic circuits. Understanding the mechanism of the whisker formation, modelling the causes, and facilitating a simple and inexpensive accelerated testing method to evaluate whiskering tendencies of the components can significantly deccrease the risks of the prenomena and allow for safer and wider usage of pure tin coatings for solderability preservation.

Faraday Technology, Inc.
315 Huls Drive
Clayton, OH 45315
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 836-7749
Holly Garich
OSD 08-M04      Awarded: 9/29/2009
Title:Development of Tin Whisker Growth Model Using the Faradayic Process
Abstract:The recent European Union ROHS Directive for the elimination of lead from tin-lead solders in electronics products has lead the industry scrambling for alternatives not affected by tin whisker growth. Tin whiskers spontaneously grow on pure tin and tin-rich alloy surfaces, and may cause reliability and performance issues such as shorting and metal- vapor arcing, which lead to device failure. It is generally acknowledged that a number of factors influence whisker formation/growth: intrinsic stress in the electrodeposit, extrinsic stress resulting from chemical reactions between the tin deposit and substrate, purity of the tin deposit, grain size and crystallographic orientation of the tin deposit, pre-plate chemical treatment of the substrate, tin deposit plating thickness, post-plate heat treatment and storage and operating conditions. A mechanism of how these parameters interact is the key to understanding the formation/growth of whiskers. Faraday Technology proposes to gain fundamental knowledge of how the properties of the electrodeposits influence whiskering propensity with the Faradayic Process, for control of deposit properties and consequent performance of pure tin electrodeposits. This technology enables correlation between deposit properties and whiskering propensity of pure tin deposits in order to establish a tin whisker growth model and accelerated testing regime.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
George Hansen
OSD 08-M04      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Development and Validation of Tin-Whisker Growth Model and Accelerated Testing
Abstract:Reliabilities of lead-free soldered assemblies and surface finishes are different from heritage tin-lead eutectic alloys when used in high-performance or long-lived military and aerospace applications. Single crystal, beta-tin whiskers have erupted spontaneously from surfaces of lead-free soldered and tin-plated circuits, causing electrical short circuits and component failures. The proposed work will involve systematic investigations of whisker growth in electronic materials to identify initiating and propagating mechanisms, quantitatively linked to physical stress state, temperature and crystallographic and impurity factors. The work will result in determinations of the effects of each of these factors, and development of a unifying growth model to account for them. The model will be validated against tin and other metals used in electronics that are prone to sprout electrically conductive single crystals. Using this model, TRI will develop a protocol to accelerate representative conditions that excite whisker growth mechanisms. A global solution to whisker growth in electronics will be forthcoming upon availability of this demonstrated growth model. TRI will rely on its metallurgical and materials experience to identify the most robust and least expensive solutions possible. We will develop and qualify an inexpensive tin whisker mitigation technique capable of rapid application using standard manufacturing practices.