---------- DARPA ----------

33 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
DARPA 09-001      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Thermo-Acoustic Unyielding Refrigerator
Abstract:To address the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)’s need for a compact and power efficient solid-state, multiferroic composite (MFC) based heat engine that outperforms a thermoelectric cooler by creating a 30-degree Celsius temperature difference, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Thermo- Acoustic Unyielding Refrigerator (TAUR). This proposed device is based on adiabatic, magnetocaloric, and electrocaloric cooling in an electrically activated multiferroic composite. The innovation in a unique device design that implements a multiferroic composite with thermomagnetic adiabatic cooling and a new structure for the thermal contact enable the device to perform like a solid-state Stirling cycle heat pump. As a result, this device cools an individual soldier wearing chemical-biological protective gear by pumping 300 W of heat power from an internal heat exchanger at 21 degrees Celsius to an external heat exchanger at 50 degrees Celsius, which directly addresses the DARPA request and Chemical and Biological Defense (CBD) individual protection program. In Phase I, POC will define and develop key component technological milestones for the TAUR and establish its technical feasibility through quantitative physics-based modeling and benchtop prototyping. In Phase II, POC plans to build a TAUR prototype system unit and conduct extensive tests and optimization.

Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc.
200 Innovation Blvd. Suite 237
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7400
Ailan Cheng
DARPA 09-001      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Multiferroic Approach to Heat Pumps
Abstract:Recently, it was reported by Prof. Zhang at Penn State that a giant electrocaloric effect can be achieved in the polar-fluoropolymers near room temperature. In this SBIR Phase I program, Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc., teaming up with Prof. Zhang at Penn State, will further optimize this class of polar-fluoropolymers to meet the operation requirement for the heat pumps used for the cooling for soldier wearing chemical-biologic protective gear. Heat pumps taking unique opportunity of this discovery will be designed and their performance will be analyzed.

MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 548-6997
Michael LaGasse
DARPA 09-002      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Wideband Photonic Sensor System
Abstract:MagiQ Technologies is proposing to develop and demonstrate a photonic method to permit the simultaneous transmission and reception (STAR) of diverse RF signals through a very wideband aperture. The method builds on our previous work where we have demonstrated more 80 dB rejection of coupled high power transmit signals into a nearby receiver. Our method has wide application for rejection of interferers from co-site antennas and jammers.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Rod Waterhouse
DARPA 09-002      Awarded: 8/17/2009
Title:Wideband Photonic STAR Module
Abstract:In this Phase I project we propose to investigate several novel antenna and electro-optic modulator concepts that are fundamental in the development of a wideband photonic simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) module. Our objective is to create new technologies that will enable a photonic STAR module to have an operational bandwidth of over a decade with a Noise Figure of less than 6 dB and a transmit/receive isolation of greater than 40 dB. We will investigate printed antennas that have very low return loss properties over a wide band of frequencies and that can be directly integrated with new low Vpi modulators. During this Phase I project we will undertake thorough theoretical investigations of the proposed antenna and modulator configurations, using our comprehensive suite of design tools. We will establish generic design trends for the new structures and also determine the fundamental limits of these technologies. We will also fabricate proof-of-concept versions of the appropriate antennas and electrode structures and undertake measurements of the proposed prototypes to verify their performance.

Bashpole, Inc.
541 S. 27th St.
Philadelphia, PA 19146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 760-1613
Benjamin Ashpole
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:MISARO - MeetPeoplePlaces(tm) Inference for Stability and Reconstruction Operations
Abstract:Several geosocial inference concerns currently limit military stability and reconstruction operations. Contact lists are outdated, vendor history is not maintained, and coordination delays are common. In this Phase I SBIR project for DARPA, Bashpole Inc. will design and demonstrate the feasibility of MISARO, a web-based platform system to improve the process of finding the right people among military vendors, suppliers, and the military’s own human resources with the purpose of reducing the time to acquire vendor cost proposals, tracking and facilitating meetings with local leaders and vendors, centralizing coordination between multiple military and civilian organizations, and filling gaps left by currently utilized applications.

In this context, MISARO will answer the basic questions of who to communicate with, what information they need, when to approach them, where to meet them, why their support is vital, and how they may interact with military personnel. The goals of MISARO are to alleviate data staleness, predict importance, infer danger precautions, predict cultural requirements, rate vendors, rank results, and create complex workflows.

In Phase I, Bashpole’s systems analysts and subject matter experts will investigate viability and design approaches of proposed geosocial inference technology, validate a design through experimentation with simulated data, and evaluate potential benefits.

Fetch Technologies
841 Apollo Street Suite 400
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-9849
Matt Michelson
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Assistopedia: Mixed-initiative collaboration for social network creation
Abstract:To alleviate some of the more difficult and tedious tasks in collaboratively constructing information sources (e.g. Wikipedia), we propose Assistopedia, a mixed-initiative content collaboration system for building social networks. Assistopedia allows distributed human users and information agents to collectively construct social networks of specific interest to aid decision support for Stability and Reconstruction Operations (SARO). Information agents can perform tasks such as monitoring sources for changes and updating the network, or pulling in vast amounts of new information into network, thereby freeing up the human users to add the richer and more sophisticated information that is beyond the scope of the agents. Once constructed, users can query the network to answer SARO questions such as Who to talk to and Where to contact that person since these are all different attributes a user (or agent) could add to people in the network given its open structure. We will find real world sources from which to construct a test network that we will use to evaluate real world SARO questions. Further, we plan to interview military experts with SARO experience to help us evaluate the utility and direction of our approach.

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Rober Kapfer
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor Based Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:The primary objective of this effort is to research and develop advanced algorithms suitable for spectral signature extraction and spectral matching to improve full motion video (FMV) multi-target track longevity and purity. Black River Systems Company proposes a systems level approach to improving and evaluating performance using hyperspectral feature-aided association to achieve greater track lifetime and purity in urban and target-dense environments. Building obscuration, atmospheric effects, and target density and confusion are just some of the real life challenges that this system faces. The system and algorithms must address these challenges while being robust enough to handle the ever evolving camouflage, concealment and deception (CC&D) countermeasures. An end-to-end system model will be utilized to illustrate the combined potential benefits of hyperspectral feature extraction and association, FMV feature aided tracking, and sensor resource management (SRM). Upon completion, Black River Systems Company will outline the critical system components and requirements and illustrate notional system performance for long-term dismount and vehicle tracking in urban environments.

HyperTech Systems
4 Dickens Court
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 477-1019
David Slater
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor Based Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:We will develop an innovative system called SpecTrac that combines motion constraints with LWIR spectral properties for the tracking of vehicles and dismounts in complex environments. The SpecTrac target model will improve over time and supports tracking using LWIR surface and plume spectral features that are invariant to target temperature, viewing geometry, the thermal environment, and the atmospheric conditions. The new approach will allow SpecTrac to overcome difficulties faced by current tracking systems when encountering targets moving in close proximity in the presence of occlusion and variable target motion. SpecTrac is based on efficient algorithms that will allow real-time tracking on the sensor platform. During Phase I, SpecTrac will be assessed for the long- duration tracking of vehicles and dismounts using a large set of LWIR HSI data. We will also select a LWIR HSI sensor that will support Phase II data collection and provide transition opportunities. A detailed commercialization plan is given for the new software.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-9725
Juan Vasquez
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 8/3/2009
Title:Hyperspectral Mutli-Target Feature-Aided Tracking
Abstract:Military operations in urban warfare provide an added emphasis to effectively detect, track, and ID ground targets in challenging environments. Given the high dynamic nature of ground targets and the ambiguity that may result from closely spaced targets, incorporation of feature data from sensors such as hyperpsectral imagery (HSI) cameras provides a means to disambiguate the detection and tracking of these targets. The benefit of using these sensors in multi-target detection and tracking is the ability to build feature models for target tracks based on the spectral and spatial information over multiple wavelengths. The video-based tracking community has demonstrated the ability to resolve closely spaced targets by incorporating color features versus intensity data alone. The addition of 20 to 200 additional wavelengths has the potential to significantly improve target detection and tracking to distinguish among targets. The Phase I effort will develop and demonstrate an innovative multiple target feature-aided tracking system and a hierarchical detection process supported by novel detection techniques. The system will focus on HSI feature-aided tracking of multiple targets in an urban setting using both real and simulated data.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher Gittins
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 8/3/2009
Title:Exploitation of Hyperspectral Infrared Imagery for Persistent Tracking
Abstract:New tracking algorithms and sensing modalities are required to enable long duration (>1 hour) tracking of vehicles in urban environments. Anecdotal evidence suggests that long wavelength infrared (LWIR, lambda~8 to 12 microm) spectra of vehicle paints are sufficiently distinct to facilitate spectral-matching-based object detection and thereby reduce object confusion by tracking algorithms. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has also observed that LWIR spectra of vehicle paints are sensitive to contamination from oil, dust, and other foreign materials. This suggests that nominally identical vehicles, i.e., same make, model, and paint color, may be spectrally distinct as a result of their environmental history. In the Phase I program PSI will conduct field experiments and implement detection and tracking algorithms to quantify the value of LWIR hyperspectral imagery relative to broadband LWIR imagery for unsupervised object detection and long duration tracking. Quantitative assessment of LWIR-based object detection will be made using Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves. PSI will also demonstrate spatial resolution enhancement of hyperspectral LWIR imagery via fusion with resolution panchromatic imagery and assess the impact of resolution enhancement on ROC curves.

Banpil Photonics, Inc.
2953 Bunker Hill Lane Suite 400
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 282-3628
Achyut Dutta
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Multispectral (Near UV-SWIR) Image Sensor Array
Abstract:This small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop innovative uncooled multispectral (a.k.a. broadband) image sensor (a.k.a. focal plan array) for numerous applications including military, security, scientific, automobile, and medical imaging. The sensor has the spectral response covering from ~300 nm to 2500 nm and quantum efficiency of > 90% over entire detection ranges. Broad spectral image sensors are required for various ground-based, air-borne, space-borne applications, including remote sensing, surface topography, range detection, and real-time monitoring of biological systems. To date, several sensors covering different spectral ranges are used for this purpose. Next generation imaging systems require single sensor that can detect multiple spectral bands (300 to 2500 nm of wavelengths) and could be used for multiple imaging. Using of single sensor having multifunctional capability can make the system unusually small, light and low-power requirement. Today’s image sensors are designed to work either in visible or in near infrared region. None of those can provide broad spectral response near UV to shortwave infrared (SWIR) (300 nm to 2500 nm). A goal in Phase-I program is to carry on research and development of proposed multispectral (~300 nm to 2500 nm) image sensor of single pixel having higher quantum efficiency > 80% over entire spectral ranges, for showing its benefits over conventional image sensor. Banpil will demonstrate: (a) modeling and simulation of the proposed image sensor and also nano- scaled image sensor as the risk mitigate, (b) design and fabrication of proposed image sensor, and (c) demonstrate broad spectral ranges from UV to SWIR in Phase-I. Recognizing the vast application potential of Banpil’s image sensors, several industrial partners have expressed strong interest in commercializing this technology. In Phase II, Banpil will work with several leading image sensor companies who expressed strong interest on proposed multispectral image sensors, as a part of commercialization of the image sensor technology.

LightSpin Technologies, Inc.
4407 Elm Street, Suite 300
Chevy Chase, MD 20824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 809-9052
Eric Harmon
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title:Broadband UV to SWIR Focal Plane with Single Photon Capabilities
Abstract:LightSpin Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a broadband photodetector technology with high quantum efficiency and low noise spanning the wavelength range of 200 -- 2500 nm. LightSpin's unique approach enables full darkness-to-daylight operation with single photon sensitivity, more than 20 bits of dynamic range, automatic gain control and suppression of saturation and blooming effects. The approach readily scales to megapixel focal plane arrays and enables spectral binning with minimal signal loss.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8772
Ying Hsu
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title:Thermo-Electric Superlattice Focal Plane Array (TESFPA)
Abstract:Thermo-Electric Superlattice Focal Plan Array (TESFPA) is a new uncooled IR sensor for imaging in broad infrared spectrum (from 3 to 14 microns) achieved using nano- engineered superlattice thermoelectric materials. TESFPA is designed to meet DARPA goals for achieving higher sensitivity and faster response time than the current uncooled microbolometers, and to enable multispectral/polraimetric capability. Microbolometer is an absolute temperature sensor with limitation for performance improvement due to its extreme material sensitivity to temperature and thermo-resistive detection technique. In contrast, TESFPA detector is a true differential sensor with high temperature stability and material uniformity, because it uses thermo-voltaic detection. Analysis has shown that TESFPA detector technology is 100 times less sensitive to changes in ambient temperature than the microbolometer. By using thermo-voltaic detection and nano- engineered materials such as the superlattice thermoelectric systems, TESFPA can now achieve sensitivity approaching that of the cooled HgCdTe photon detectors. More importantly, TESFPA will dramatically reduce the amount of the post processing electronics required, thereby reducing system power consumption and size, each by an order of magnitude as compared to microbolometers. Successful development of TESFPA will enable future development of the IR Camera-in-a-Chip, making IR cameras in sizes similar to visible cameras that are ubiquitous today.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Ravi Verma
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:High Speed, Low Noise Nanobolometer for multispectral imaging
Abstract:Several emerging applications require multispectral LWIR/MWIR imaging with an uncooled (because of weight and power concerns) imager with performance metrics (D* and speed of operation) that is comparable to those provided by cooled HgCdTe photodiodes. Unfortunately, uncooled LWIR/MWIR detectors are based on bolometers, and traditional bolometers are broadband devices that cannot be easily adapted to be spectrally selective. Further, the traditional bolometer trade space precludes the development of high speed and low noise devices. Tanner Research is proposing to leverage recent developments in nanophotonics to circumvent the traditional bolometer trade space. We will use the demonstrated nanobolometer concept, and develop it into a low noise, high- speed multispectral imager in Phase II. In Phase I, we will provide proof of concept demonstrations in single devices that demonstrate the scaleability of our technology.

Aurrion LLC
3914 Via lucero Unit G
Santa Barbara, CA 93110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 455-6166
Greg Fish
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Integrated Low Jitter Mode Locked Lasers
Abstract:Integrated mode locked lasers are a compact, highly stable means to generate subpicosecond pulses with extremely small pulse to pulse jitter. These are important elements in next generation optical ADCs, pulsed LIDAR, and high speed transmitters. Integration on a silicon platform has a number of inherent advantages: low cost manufacturing in a high volume CMOS facility, ultralow loss optical waveguides, dispersion compensation using silicon ring resonators, and integration with other elements such as modulators, amplifiers, and optical samplers. The ultralow loss of silicon waveguides is important for operation at 8-12 GHz, where the cavity lengths are on the order of 4 mm long. The low loss is also important for high quality ring resonators, which are important for dispersion compensation and short pulse operation. Today, most mode locked lasers utilize many bulk optic components in the cavity, resulting in high coupling losses and internal reflections. The integration of these elements in an integrated cavity will result in lower loss, higher performance and lower cost. The use of a silicon substrate allows low cost, high volume silicon packaging for improved environmental performance in military environments.

Mesa Photonics, LLC
5 Bisbee Ct. Suite 109-305
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 216-5015
Daniel Kane
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:Integrated, Low-Jitter Monolithic Quantum Dot Mode-Locked Lasers
Abstract:High precision digitization of very high frequency waveforms requires sample clocks that have extremely low timing jitter and low noise; any error in timing appears as an error in the sampled signal itself, greatly reducing the dynamic range of the sampled signal. Furthermore, real world and military requirements dictate compact, robust, and inexpensive solutions. Mesa Photonics, LLC and the University of New Mexico propose to develop a low jitter, low noise, completely monolithic next generation optical clock that is based on passively mode-locked quantum dot diode lasers, which will be useful for optical sampling, photonic ADCs and optical receivers. By removing the complexity of active mode-locking, these devices will be more robust and compact than actively mode- locked systems. In addition, these passively mode-locked lasers operate in a wavelength region that is ideal for silicon photonics, about 1240 nm. This wavelength region is below the bandgap of silicon, making the wavelength region suitable for silicon waveguides and SiGe and Si detectors. This SBIR effort is designed to better understand jitter and noise sources in quantum dot-based passively mode-locked diode lasers and to develop a monolithic optical oscillator that is suitable for high dynamic range, broadband digital receiver systems and optical analog-to-digital converter (ADC) technology.

CoolCAD Electronics
7101 Poplar Avenue
Takoma Park, MD 20912
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 432-6535
Michael Holloway
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title:CAD Tool Development and Design for 3D Integrated Circuits: Optimizing Thermal Effects, Delay, Placement and Routing
Abstract:We plan to develop unique CAD design tools, which facilitate the design of 3D integrated circuits and circuit elements, as well as tools to predict the parasitic effects resulting from 3D integration. These CAD tools will use novel techniques to simultaneously simulate the temperature distribution and heating in a 3D IC and its effect on circuit performance; an efficient impulse response method to model the electromagnetic coupling between metal interconnects in a 3D IC, and the RC and RLC delays of interconnect network. For mixed signal 3D IC’s, we will propose guidelines for the design of efficient passive circuit elements including 3D inductors and antennas. We will also develop optimized sub-circuit routing and placement algorithms that take local temperature, and RC, RL and RLC effects into account for laying out integrated circuits in 3D. We propose to design tools that enable use of standard simulation languages and layout software such as Verilog and Cadence for 3D integration. Finally, we plan to utilize our CAD tools and methodologies to design a new 3D IC that can be submitted for fabrication.

GoofyFoot Labs
5821 Sky Park Dr.
Plano, TX 75093
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 642-0857
Nisha Checka
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Design and Fabrication Techniques for 3-Dimensional Integrated Circuits
Abstract:The 3-D integration of systems through monolithic wafer stacking is an emerging technology that can alleviate power, delay, and area problems for digital circuits and can enable a host of new applications in the System-on-Chip design space. Currently, CAD tools for 3-D integration are severely lacking stagnating potentially explosive growth of the technology. GoofyFoot Labs will develop a CAD verification suite to accurately and efficiently simulate 3-D ICs for issues that are of chief concern to 3-D designers: thermal, signal integrity, and reliability. Existing commercial 3-D CAD tools are limited to place and route and layout. No commercial tool exists to perform full-scale verification incorporating 3-D thermal and signal integrity effects. Designers can use the proposed CAD tool at all stages of the design cycle to determine the performance and reliability effects induced by wafer stacking. During Phase I, we will develop the tool framework and algorithms and demonstrate performance improvements achievable with the new framework. During Phase II, we will develop a full-scale prototype, which will then be used to design and evaluate and an ultra low power, 3-D integrated sensor.

Tezzaron Semiconductor Corp.
1415 Bond St. #111
Naperville, IL 60563
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 505-0404
Robert Patti
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Design and Fabrication Techniques for 3-Dimensional Integrated Circuits
Abstract:Tezzaron proposes to use and extend its 3D wafer stacking technology to produce a 8Gb DRAM. The device will be made from 8 layers of memory and a single logic control layer, providing density far beyond the capability of current commercial technology. A device of this density can offer significant improvements in system power, size, weight and performance. The major unknown in creating a device like this, are the issues that may arise when 3D integration is practiced beyond Tezzaron current devices of 3 or 4 tiers. In Phase I "dummy" wafers will be stacked to determine the feasibility of the planned 9 layer device to be fabricated as part of Phase II.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu Nguyen
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 12/28/2009
Title:A Novel High-Resolution Panoramic Camera
Abstract:Panoramic cameras that are capable of capturing very large fields of view are offering new opportunities for video surveillance systems to achieve better performance in terms of better coverage, less cameras that are required and lower installation cost. Despite this potential, builders of surveillance systems are still reluctant to use panoramic cameras since they are still much more expensive than conventional cameras while the video quality is usually poorer than simply using multiple individual cameras due to drawbacks such as low frame rate, non-uniform resolution, the multiple viewpoint problem, a cumbersome design etc. In this project, UtopiaCompression Corp. (UC) with our collaborators will develop an innovative panoramic video camera to address the issues with the existing design. The camera is based on a novel combination of multiple conventional cameras and planar mirrors. While being compact, lightweight and low cost, the new camera is capable of acquiring panoramic images of a large filed-of-view at video rate, with high and substantially uniform resolution, and from a single viewpoint.

Vision Technology, Inc.
1808 Foxborough Ct.
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 398-0161
John Hart
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 8/31/2009
Title:High-Resolution Imaging of Large Field-of-View Scenes
Abstract:This Phase I proposal is for evaluating the feasibility of a new camera with the following capabilities. (1) Camera simultaneously captures a video over a 360ºx180º field of view (FOV). (2) Objects appear equally sharp regardless of the direction in which they are located. (3) Resolution is large enough to capture the details of the smallest objects of interest at sufficient resolution. (4) Video rate imaging. (5) Seamless imaging, without artifacts and distortions. (6) Entire FOV is captured from a single viewpoint. (7) Brightness and direction adaptive imaging capabilities adjust sensor dynamic range and resolution as needed. (8) Low cost, power-consumption, and low form-factor, weight and frame delay. (9) Easy to operate by ordinary users. (10) Performance-cost trade-off is possible to match need. A simple prototype of the proposed camera, based on a preliminary technical approach, has been built and tested. The results encourage the proposed feasibility study of a camera of the type solicited under the current topic. There is a range of defense and commercial applications of the camera. Some of the agencies and companies with whom discussions have been held will collaborate in the production, and/or as users, of the proposed camera following the proposed study.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Lawrence Domash
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 7/30/2009
Title:Panoramic Helmet-Mounted Display and Processing
Abstract:Leveraging on our extensive experience on laser projection technology, AGILTRON proposes to realize a new class of see-through type of Head Mounted Display (HMD) with wide field of view and foveal vision ability, targeted for integrating with enhanced vision systems for night and daytime dismounted infantry combat operations with a secondary function of providing command and control information and external imagery from weapon sights or other platforms. The proposed HMD is very lightweight, compact, easy to mount on any standard helmets, and is based on commercial components. Furthermore, our designs offer advantageous attributes of high speed, low cost, simple design, and withstand severe environmental conditions. The feasibilities of the proposed laser projection technology have been successfully demonstrated. In this Phase I program, the image processing algorithm will be optimized and a functional prototype of the proposed foveal vision HMD will be developed and demonstrated.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:Wide FOV Processor Integrated Conformal Holographic Tiling Helmet-Mounted Display
Abstract:To address the DARPA need for a paroramic, wide field-of-view (FOV) helmet-mounted display, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wide FOV Processor Integrated Conformal Holographic Tiling Helmet-Mounted Display (WiPICHT- HMD) technology. This proposed system is based on optically tiled OLED microdisplays with conformal multiplexed holographic waveguide optics, which prevent light-leakage for covert operation. The innovations in WiPICHT-HMD include holographic tiling of low-cost small FOV high-resolution microdisplays to generate wide-FOV high-resolution displays. Sensor information from large-format megapixel sensor will be processed by a computationally efficient parallel compressive sampling architecture and adaptively fused with tactical symbology within an optimized binocular overlap. The compact low-power WiPICHT-HMD can be integrated with a clip-on ANVIS-compatible helmet mount for existing systems. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WiPICHT-HMD by providing a laboratory demonstration of a single-color see-through HMD with the goal of 2550 x 1200 pixels for the central and periphery regions. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a high- resolution (4250 x 2400 pixels) WiPICHT-HMD clip-on prototype that allows for 20:20 visual acuity in the central region and meets the space weight ergonomic and power requirements for current helmets.

JENTEK Sensors, Inc.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Darrell Schlicker
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Digital Eddy Current Tomography for Submarine Pressure Hull Inspection Through the Coating
Abstract:A capability to inspect submarine pressure hulls through the special hull treatment could result in significant savings in maintenance costs and improvements in fleet readiness. This poses a challenge for conventional nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods, as acoustic methods are defeated by the coating and others require access to the surface. This proposal will develop rapid 3-D crack models and multivariate inverse methods for crack length, depth and location imaging to provide digital eddy current tomography. JENTEK’s Meandering Winding Magnetometer (MWM) Arrays have delivered superior performance for a variety of NDE tasks. JENTEK’s engine component inspection systems, for example, in use by NAVAIR at several depots, have been called the “gold standard” due to their capability to detect flaws in hard-to-inspect areas missed by other NDE methods. The JENTEK/DoD team was awarded the 2007 FAA-ATA “Better Way” award for this system. This proposed program will benefit significantly from complementary programs currently funded by Chevron and USDOT. These three year programs, focused on inspecting pipelines through coatings and insulation, will address some of the obstacles that must be surmounted to achieve digital EC tomography, such as the large stand-off distance, while this proposed program focuses on crack and flaw modeling and imaging.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Volodymyr Romanov
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:X-Ray Compton Backscattering Computed Tomography System for One-Side in situ High-Pressure Submarine Hull Inspection
Abstract:To address the DARPA need for non-acoustic tomography for NDE/NDI of the structural integrity of base metals and elements of submarine hull structures (even through hull treatments), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new industrial X- ray Compton Backscattering Computed Tomography (CBCT) system. CBCT is based on registration of multiple Compton backscattered X-ray 2D-images of an object, to restore its 3D-image using a POC-developed inverse Radon transform for Compton backscattered X-rays. Innovations in the real-time inverse Compton Radon transform algorithm, a high- energy X-ray (2-4 MeV) generated by an industrial portable linear accelerator, apodized Gaussian aperture array, and capillary scintillator will enable CBCT to perform in situ one- side NDE/NDI of high-pressure submarine hulls, even without a thorough surface cleaning of the hull coating. The CBCT system can be easily adapted for handheld usage, and for underwater applications. CBCT has a penetration depth of 2-3 in. of steel, with field-of- view ~1.5 ft x 1.5 ft, spatial resolution ~0.01 in., and density resolution no more than 2 percent, which directly address the DARPA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate CBCT system feasibility by determining its resolution, registration, and errors. In Phase II, POC will design and test a CBCT system prototype.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
12587 Fair Lakes Circle #342
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 272-1319
Mark Sullivan
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:Robust Distributed GPS Apertures
Abstract:Azure Summit Technology will develop algorithms and techniques for Vector Navigation (VNAV) in this Phase I effort. Using actual collected GPS signals from a degraded RF environment, we will establish feasibility of VNAV through modeling and simulation. We will also develop a plan for a real time demonstration of VNAV in Phase II, as well as to clearly define the product development and funding path to Phase III.

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Alison Brown
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 8/5/2009
Title:Robust Distributed GPS Apertures
Abstract:The DoD is heavily dependent on the Global Positioning System (GPS) for worldwide military operations. The GPS signal is subject to a variety of potential degradations, such as path loss (e.g., foliated or indoor environments), multipath (e.g., urban canyon or in- building), and interference (intentional or unintentional). There are many military applications where a group of GPS users may operate together in a denied or degraded GPS environment. Using the traditional GPS receiver approach, individual or all users may be denied the ability to navigate in such an environment, even though each user may be intermittently receiving useful satellite signal information. Under this SBIR effort, NAVSYS proposes to develop a design for a GPS Distributed Aperture Processing (GDAP) system which uses composite GPS and intra-network ranging measurements from a network of GPS users to combine the respective satellite signals that they are tracking and allow operation in a degraded environment. We shall develop and demonstrate the algorithms and techniques that will be employed using the GDAP approach to overcome jamming, multipath and signal blockage conditions, using our in-house simulation tools. A design shall also be developed to implement GDAP on a network of Software Defined Radios under the Phase II effort.

Andrews Space, Inc.
505 5th Ave S Suite 300
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 342-9934
Darrel Robertson
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 8/5/2009
Title:High Energy Micro Rocket Stages for Tactical & Space Applications
Abstract:Andrews Space, Inc. proposes to test new high energy density propellant combinations and conduct a feasibility study on their applications. These propellants are enablers for use in high performance tactical missiles, high delta-V single stage vehicles such as a suborbital point to point vehicles, and compact high energy upper stages. Our Phase I approach is to develop stage and vehicle designs that leverage 40 years of launch operations experience and are consistent with the environmental considerations of the present day. Specifically, we are focused on using “green” propellants that are non- toxic, non-carcinogenic, and are, ideally, non-cryogenic at room temperatures. Previous “green” liquid fueled high energy density vehicle studies and development activities have focused on a range of bi-propellants options leveraging combinations of LOX or H2O2 and hydrocarbon based fuels. For this effort Andrews will use RP-1, in combination with both LOX and H2O2 depending on the mission application, to represent the “state of the art”. Based on previous studies there are only a few identified propellant combinations that provide better overall stage / vehicle energy density and performance than RP-1 using LOX or H2O2 as the oxidizer. Andrews will evaluate these other non-traditional fuel options including a previously unstudied fuel mixture.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 304-4086
Zachary Taylor
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 7/30/2009
Title:Cryo-composite Tank for HyperBAT
Abstract:To achieve the high propellant mass fraction (PMF) required by future high energy propulsion systems, light-weight propellant tanks are essential. GTL’s Supra-tanks™ can approach the theoretical performance limit for carbon fiber pressure vessels using cryogenic or room-temperature propellants. By combining the Blended Hybrid Laminate™ (BHL™) technology with aspects of the Highly Integrated Modular Structure™ (HIMS™) technology, the performance of cryogenic pressure vessels can be reduced to far less than 1.0 lbm/ft3 with an extremely high cycle life, even at relatively small sizes. GTL proposes to demonstrate the Supra-tank developing the HyperBAT (Hypersonic Ballistic Transport) technology demonstration vehicle. The HyperBAT is a small scalable stage designed to carry a 100 lbm payload with an ideal velocity change of 25,000 fps. This reusable vehicle is designed to accommodate a series of upgrades to demonstrate a series of technologies before incorporation into an optimized operational system. In the Phase I effort, GTL proposes to fabricate subscale pressure vessels using the BHL technology. These units will be subjected to repeated cryo-pressure cycling to verify the capabilities of the technology. Based on these results, GTL will develop the preliminary design of a full-scale tank for the HyperBAT demonstration vehicle.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title:A High Performance, Low Cost, Rocket Engine System for Tactical and Space Applications
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate, a novel high- energy rocket engine stage for applications in global reach boost glide aircraft, spacecraft, and upper stage vehicle. In phase I, the proposed investigation will focus upon characterizing critical technology at the component level to ensure realistic system level design. The emphasis will be to evaluate vehicle performance as a function of various modified subcomponents to confidently meet the outlined missions.

Ventions, LLC
1142 Howard Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 543-2800
Adam London
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:High Performance Micro Rocket Stages for Tactical & Space Applications
Abstract:The development of small-scale space vehicles is largely limited by the inability to realize high propellant mass fractions and high ISP micro-propulsion systems. Ventions therefore proposes the development of regeneratively-cooled liquid bipropellant rocket-motors in a pump-fed configuration for a variety of point-to-point and ballistic air-vehicle applications. The proposed components are based on a low-cost fabrication technique that has already been successfully used by Ventions in other DARPA-sponsored efforts to demonstrate high T/W micro-rocket injectors and thrusters, and is expected to allow for propellant mass fractions in the 92-94% range for a structurally-efficient air-vehicle with on-board pump pressurization and light-weight tanks (which are also the focus of the stated Phase I effort).

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 396-6335
Heather Brendle
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Personal Air Vehicle Lift Fan Design (PAV-LiFaD)
Abstract:With the significant advancements in motor efficiency and energy storage technology, electric propulsion systems have become viable power plants and power supplements to aircraft. Offering high power-to-weight ratios, electric drive systems significantly increase the design capabilities for vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) capable platforms. Ducted fans offer the ability to develop an enclosed and integrated airframe solution. Further propulsion research and development is required to satisfy the mission range and safety requirements for a manned long range personal air vehicle capable of carrying out a 2 hour mission with the ability to both fly and drive on a single tank of fuel. Aurora Flight Science’s experience with ducted fan technology will be combined with ThinGap’s innovative ring motor technology to design a lift fan unit capable of meeting the need for a safe, compact, lightweight, reliable, and scalable electric power plant for use in a personal air vehicle designed to carry out military operations over a variety of terrains.

Ventions, LLC
1142 Howard Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 453-2800
Rory Keogh
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:A High T/W, Low TSFC Propulsion System for PAV Applications
Abstract:To-date, the realization of VTOL personal air vehicles capable of executing agile missions has largely been limited by the availability of high T/W, low fuel-consumption propulsion systems with minimal noise and IR signatures. Ventions therefore proposes the development of an innovative, high T/W, low-TSFC turbofan in the 100-500lbf thrust-class for a variety of air-vehicle applications.

The proposed concept uses a novel means for coupling a high-speed turbojet core with a low-speed fan spool so as to realize a high bypass ratio turbofan(and hence, low-TSFC) in a light-weight, low-cost manner without the use of a mechanical coupling or gearbox. The critical aspects of this coupling have already been demonstrated as part of a previous DARPA-funded effort; the proposed Phase I effort therefore seeks to adapt the specific engine for a PAV application.