DoD SBIR FY09.1 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Air Force - Army - Navy - CBD - DARPA - OSD - SOCOM

---------- AF ----------

5 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Recognition Robotics Inc.
4650 East Lake Rd.
Sheffield Lake, OH 44054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 590-0499
Simon Melikian
AF 09C-001      Awarded: 3/26/2009
Title:Affordable Accurate Robot Guidance (AARG)
Abstract:The application of robotics in automotive manufacturing have established high levels of productivity and quality but these gains have not penetrated the aerospace industry due to the positional accuracy requirements and the fact that robots are not accurate. It is important then, to develop affordable and accurate guidance as well as cost efficient robot enhancements to create robotic systems capable of aerospace tolerances. The Recognition Robotics and Comau approach uses vision components with high MRAs, standard robot options and representative testing to create the most affordable and near- at-hand project direction for the AARG target applications.BENEFIT:Increase the use of standard industrial robots in aerospace industry by creating tools that allows these robots to meet the aerospace accuracies.

Variation Reduction Solutions Inc
46999 Five Mile Road
Plymouth, MI 48170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 245-0006
Brett Bordyn
AF 09C-001      Awarded: 3/25/2009
Title:Affordable Accurate Robot Guidance (AARG)
Abstract:The field of high-precision manufacturing, especially in the aerospace industry, has traditionally required either manual processes or the use of monolithic Cartesian NC-type machines. There are many justifications for the desire to use articulated arm robots to perform these tasks. While recent advances in robot design and self-compensating tool end effectors have mitigated the issue of robot stiffness under load, the accuracy of even enhanced robots typically precludes processes with positional tolerances of better than TP 0.040" - using external metrology to guide the robot more accurately continues to be the most cost-effective avenue to achieving significantly tighter production tolerances. Current metrology systems capable of guiding a robot and holding accuracies of better than TP 0.010" over a typical work cell volume are few. None possesses the requisite speed, accuracy, and cost to warrant their use in most high-precision aerospace applications. The aim of this effort is to demonstrate TRL4 capability of an affordable, accurate, quick, deployable, and modular (distributable) external metrology system that is able to guide multiple articulated arm robots operating in non-confined spaces to a tolerance of TP 0.010". The proposed system is laser-based, and entails a network of beacons and active targets. BENEFIT:In general, the insertion of articulated arm robots into current manual or expensive NC machine tool applications requiring high positional tolerances has many obvious benefits, such as span time reduction; unit recurring flyway (URF) cost reduction; reduced production cell footprint and associated facilities costs; flexibility of system implementation; elimination of ergonomic issues; et al. A metrology system that enables robots to achieve these accuracies could also allow for palletized systems of robots, capable of docking in different work stations, grabbing different end effector tools, and performing different tasks. The metrology system would allow for the coordinate system of the palletized robot to be related to the coordinate system of the tooling/part of the station in which it docks. Particularly with respect to aerospace assembly, this would decrease idle time of equipment dedicated to a single process and station. Specific to this solicitation, which may address the production needs of Lockheed Martin Aerospace''s Right- and Left-Hand F-35 Upper Wingbox stations (J461/2 -7 autodrill), the resulting production solution will reduce span time, overall station cost, provide 100% inspection capability of c''sink/holes, and be able to attain the tolerances necessary for Interchangeable and Replaceable panels. Even though span time reduction is not so critical here since all stations on the assembly line advance at the same time, lower cycle time would allow more margin for error if maintenance/servicing of the station is required. Compared to competing metrology systems, the proposed system will be at least as cost-effective, possess the ability to ''''see'''' the entire work volume without needing to be actuated, be at least as accurate as a laser tracker system (currently the highest accuracy, multi-axis, large scale volume metrology device), be several times quicker at generating the pose (position, orientation) of the robot''''s end

Keystone Synergistic Enterprises, Inc.
698 SW Port Saint Lucie Blvd Suite 105
Port Saint Lucie, FL 34953
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 343-7544
Bryant Walker
AF 09C-002      Awarded: 4/14/2009
Title:Electron-Beam Additive Manufacturing Process Control for Titanium Alloys
Abstract:Titanium forgings are high cost and long lead time items which negatively impact aircraft manufacturing costs and cycle times. Additive manufacturing of titanium structural parts has the potential to reduce lead and cycle times, work in process, and the amount of titanium required to produce structural parts. Additionally, additive manufacturing can be used to fabricate or repair components/spares in small production runs and to produce prototypes where tooling or conventional manufacturing costs would be prohibitive. The focus of this effort will be to develop and demonstrate wire-feed electron beam additive manufacturing (eBAM) techniques and control processes to produce flight worthy titanium alloy structural aerospace components typically used in DoD aerospace production programs. Special emphasis will be given to the demonstration of the sensors and systems necessary for closed-loop control of the deposition parameters, critical to the quality of the component. Additionally, establishment of a detailed business case will be completed to show that the optimized eBAM solutions are competitive with existing titanium forging processes in terms of cost, quality, lead and cycle times, WIP, etc. BENEFITS:This proposed project will benefit military aircraft and engine systmes by developing and validating a high quality and cost effective method for electron beam additive manufacturing of titanium structural components.

Sciaky Inc
4915 W. 67th Street
Chicago, IL 60638
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(708) 594-3800
Robert Salo
AF 09C-002      Awarded: 5/12/2009
Title:Electron-Beam Additive Manufacturing Process Control for Titanium Alloys
Abstract:Electron Beam Free Form Fabrication has the potential to produce large titanium structures directly from 3D models eliminating or reducing the long lead times associated with designing, procuring, and implementing conventional forging tooling as well as reducing the amount of machining cost by producing near net shapes. Our proposal outlines an approach to demonstrate the use of this technology such that it meets or exceeds the target goal of a manufacturing readiness level of 4. This shall be demonstrated by combining our core competency in the field of CNC controlled electron beam systems and ongoing process control refinement with strategic partnerships with industry experts in the titanium aero structures community. We will be directing our efforts such that EBFFF/EBAM becomes an established process meeting both DoD and commercial aerospace requirements. Utilizing our in house EBFFF capabilities we have become an industry leader in this technology and through existing and ongoing industry relationships we are continually adding improved process controls and sensors directed at providing high quality and repeatable deposits targeting a robust processing system intended to transition into a viable supply base to support both military and commercial entities.BENEFITS:Benefits of commercializing this technology include reduced lead times and cost compared to conventional forgings. As the technology becomes accepted, incorporating the concepts of EBFFF/EBAM will allow greater flexibility for the designers, and new markets for our electron beam deposition systems. As the process is proven and accepted by Air Force and Commercial end users, existing "parts supplier" subcontractors are anticipated to rapidly add this capability growing the supply base and most likely through increasing competition the end users will see additional cost reductions.

Technology Management Company, Inc.
2500 Louisiana NE, Suite 300
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 412-3598
Vivek R. Dave
AF 09C-002      Awarded: 4/21/2009
Title:Electron-Beam Additive Manufacturing Process Control for Titanium Alloys
Abstract:Machining of titanium parts from wrought stock costs as much as $1000 to $1500 per pound of finished component and has material lead times up to one year. Electron beam deposition, or e-BAM, seeks to dramatically reduce these costs and lead times. However, this is not possible without IPQA in-process quality assurance that monitors and controls key process variables during deposition. Our detailed technical cost model shows that without IPQA, eBAM is at $750 per pound, with IPQA this drops to below $600, and with optimized post process operations, $300 per pound is achievable. We propose both imaging and non-imaging sensors resulting in a constant weld pool volume eBAM process. We will use a vision-based system looking through the electron beam optical column, and a non-imaging sensor that channels light from the weld pool to a photodiode array. We also utilize a real-time thermal inverse model that links local weld pool measurements to global process parameters like travel speed, wire feed, and beam power resulting in a models-based control scheme. Lastly, we have assembled all the deposition and post-deposition disciplines required to achieve optimized eBAM costs of $300 per pound in a Phase II demo.BENEFITS:By achieving an eBAM cost as low as $300 per pound, dramatic improvements will be achieved in aircraft and aeroengine prototyping, rapid product development, and even LRIP low rate initial production. Also the associated lead times for flight hardware will drop from over one year to less than three months for new designs. The takt time for parts less than 40lbs total deposit weight (the part itself could be considerably heavier on account of large plate stock onto which deposits are made) using the optimized eBAM process described in this proposal is approximately 6-7 hours, which means it is possible to get one part per day, or an LRIP production rate for a single eBAM work cell without any redundant process equipment of 20 parts per month ( 40 per month if two shift operation) assuming a 5-day per week, 8- hour per day shift. The logistical implications for both OEM and spare parts are tremendously favourable. It is anticipated that such tremendous cost, lead time and productivity benefits will also accrue to other titanium parts for other defence applications as well as commercial aviation, or to any application that utilizes large, high quality titanium parts. Also, the same methodology could be adapted to steel, monel and aluminium bronze parts, thereby similarly revolutionizing the supply chain for critical naval spares.

---------- ARMY ----------

23 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth J. Knowles
ARMY 09-001      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:High Efficiency, Low Current, Switching Power Supply
Abstract:The Phase I program will demonstrate, at hardware level, a prototype digital dc-dc converter that is subcompact and very high efficiency converter technology. It introduces advantages of very low weight/volume/component count, very low output ripple voltage, voltage isolation, negligible RFI/EMI and non-flammability. In Phase I a very high efficiency digital ceramic (programmable output) low power converter prototype suitable for military equipment insertion will be demonstrated that can be implemented well within the desired volumetric constraint with a minimum of external passive components. The digital subcompact hardware dc-dc converter prototype will feature a digitally selectable voltage output (e.g. 2V - 6V); software battery monitoring and extremely low output ripple voltage characteristics. In Phase I Extension the new concept of digital dc- dc transformer/converter will be demonstrated that is capable of near 100% converter efficiency operation.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Ronald Carlsten
ARMY 09-001      Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title:Monolithic Ultra-High Efficiency DC-DC Converter
Abstract:Ridgetop Group, Inc. will develop a unique and innovative capacitance-only switching power converter with efficiencies over 99%. Power efficiency and battery life are vital concerns for the modern war-fighters who rely on portable electronic technology to enhance their effectiveness. Batteries used for radios, rangefinders, and night vision equipment contribute weight and reduce net carrying capacity. The proposed monolithically integrated power supply unit will alleviate this burden by providing ultra-high efficiency DC-DC conversion in a small package. Weight reductions will be achieved in required batteries and conversion electronics. Achieving small package size and efficiencies above 95% are extreme challenges for a conventional inductive switch-mode power supply. Ridgetop will develop a capacitive-only switching supply based on a charge-pump and charge capacitor approach. Recent advances in semiconductor processing, including low-power, high-voltage devices, will enable new designs to achieve efficiencies greater than 99%.

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James M. Lewis
ARMY 09-002      Awarded: 9/17/2009
Title:Anti-tamper for JTAG boundary scan ports
Abstract:Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc (LIT) proposes a Secure Test and Programming Interface (STPI) to protect Integrated Circuit (IC) test and programming interfaces on Circuit Card Assemblies (CCA) while providing access to these interfaces for legitimate test and verification purposes. The LIT STPI will provide controlled access to test ports while monitoring for any evidence of attempts to circumvent the access control system (probe detection). The LIT STPI concept includes layered protection, expands LIT’s self- modifying Programmable Logic technology, and provides probe detection using LIT’s Phantom Sensor technology.

SecureHardware L.L.C
6 Metrotech Center
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 363-9703
Ramesh Karri
ARMY 09-002      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Security extensions to the JTAG standard
Abstract:JTAG provides full and open access to the internal state of all JTAG-enabled components of a system under test. While this capability is critical to the development and system maintenance processes, it is a backdoor into all JTAG-enabled system components. This project seeks to eliminate/secure the JTAG backdoor by developing secure extensions to the JTAG standard; these secure extensions will control access to the JTAG boundary scan ports on all digital ICs and systems including commercial microprocessors, FPGAs, and ASICs.

DMS Technology,
2905 Westcorp Blvd. Suite # 220
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 536-4346
Georges Nehmetallah
ARMY 09-003      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:High-Speed Surface Measurement Device
Abstract:Weather conditions that may affect the design of missile radomes, windows and leading edges include the presence of rain, snow/sleet in the atmosphere and sand during missile flight trajectory. The Tri-Service Agencies Weather Encounter Advisory Group led by AMRDEC is organizing tests to study the detailed fracture mechanics of brittle ceramics radome material in free flight. In this proposed work we will develop a dynamic holographic interferometry technique to measure dynamic surface deformations of a fast moving missile. Specifically, we will analyze and evaluate different optical methods, and design experimental holographic interferometry set-ups for measuring deformations of a missile radome moving in a rain field or in a sand cloud. We will be using combined approaches of digital holography and analog holography. Initially, we plan to use CW analog holographic schemes with a controlled shutter that will allow performing analog holographic interferometry using thermoplastic holocamera or photorefractive materials. Also, parallel methods using digital holography and digital holographic interferometry will be used. Finally, we will develop numerical models that analyze analog holographic interference patterns and digital holographic interferometry results to infer changes in surface map of the radome due to deformations.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin M. Aye
ARMY 09-003      Awarded: 9/15/2009
Title:Holographic Light-in-Flight Interferometric Camera
Abstract:To address the Army need for high-speed measurement technique for weather impact damage assessment of projectile IR domes and radomes, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Holographic Light-in-Flight Interferometric Camera (HOLIFIC) three-dimensional imaging sensor based on short-pulse dynamic holographic recording of a projectile in flight. The innovation in the integration of light-in-flight holography with the short-pulse holographic interferometry will enable the proposed sensor to provide an optical inspection of surface roughness and deformation of a high- speed object. As a result, this system offers simultaneous measurement of surface profile and deformation over a wide range, instantaneous (light-speed) recording, high- resolution, low-noise images, and full-field 3D surface profile. The holographic 3D image recording and interferometry will be in real time using an erasable permanently placed holographic recording medium in a ruggedized camera system. In Phase I, POC will design a HOLIFIC sensor, analyze its performance, and demonstrate the proof-of-concept by laboratory experiments. In Phase II, POC will fabricate a full-scale, HOLIFIC system and integrate it with data collection, 3D reconstruction and deformation analysis software. The prototype can be produced at relatively low cost, compared with high-speed CCD- based system, and will require a minimal setup and calibration time.

Energy Focus, Inc
32000 Aurora Road
Solon, OH 44139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 715-1288
Laszlo Takacs
ARMY 09-004      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Solid State Infrared Flare
Abstract:The use of night vision equipment on the battlefield is a well documented success, and under some conditions an infrared flare may enhance this advantage. Currently, US armed services use the M-278 Infrared flare rocket to this end. The objective of this effort is the development of a replacement for the M-278 Infrared Flare using LED technology. The operational difficulties of the present system are related to the poorly controlled chemical combustion nature of the source. A solid state LED-based technology upgrade is ideal as it does not generate high internal temperatures, has high reliability, and can be engineered to radiate no energy outside the desired band (700-1100 nm). The Infrared LED flare system will be comprised of an energy storage system, control electronics, power regulation, cooling system, LED emitter array, beam forming optics, and mechanical support envelope. LED testing will be performed to drive devices into the extreme high output regimes, which are atypical of most LED applications, while measuring photometric, distribution and lifetime data. The requirements, possible solutions and integration will be investigated for the optical, power, thermal, and control systems.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4472
Mark DeFranza
ARMY 09-004      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Semiconductor Laser Packaging for Infrared Flares
Abstract:Flares are routinely used for battlefield illumination or for identification of hazards and landing strips. Visible light flares are simple in concept and execution, but have the disadvantage of being easily visible by anyone within visual range. Infrared flares enable the covert use of illumination, utilizing the advantage of modern Night Vision Goggles and can help enable today''''s war fighter to operate in the dark. In this proposal is outlined a design approach and preliminary systems analysis for an infrared laser diode based infrared flare system. Laser diode devices offer the highest efficiency and highest optical power density of any semiconductor based light source. nLIGHT''''s design capabilities for MIL SPEC laser diode packages, electronics, battery packs, and mechanical housings enable us to be highly confident that the presented design will satisfy the systems performance and cost requirements.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David B. Oakes
ARMY 09-004      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:A Compact Solid State Infrared Flare
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR proposal Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) outlines the development a solid- state emitter package to replace the propellant based candle of the M278 Infrared flare. Propellant combustion in the current candle technology is unsteady, resulting in variations in the illumination intensity and also produces a visible signature that limits it usefulness in covert activities. The proposed flare technology will use solid-state components (Light Emitting Diodes or laser diodes) to generate Infrared illumination that will overcome these limitations of candle illumination. In the Phase I, PSI will develop a prototype design for the solid-state emitter package that is compatible with the current dimensions and weight of the M278 candle. The design process will include: 1) Emitter component characterization and selection, 2) optical system design to combine the output of multiple emitters to achieve the specified output radiance intensity (250 W/sr), 3) Evaluation and selection of a power system to drive the emitters and control circuitry and 4) Preliminary mechanical design that integrates these components. In Phase II the prototype will be built and tested, both in the laboratory and in the field.

Princeton Optro
1 Electronics Dr.
Mercerville, NJ 8619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Jean F Seurin
ARMY 09-004      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Solid State Infrared Flare
Abstract:The Army and other services use the M278 Infrared flare rocket that uses an illuminant candle to provide illumination compatible with night vision gear. Recent advances in solid state lighting offer the potential to replace the burning candle with a solid state illumination source. Princeton Optronics proposes an approach using a newly developed technology of VCSELs which offer many advantages over alternative approaches for illumination application. In phase I, we would conduct a feasibility study on our approach to providing a solid state replacement for the candle in the flare rocket. The study would include a detailed analysis of the approach including electronics, optics, and power. Operating alternatives, such as high speed pulsing, would also be investigated. Limited destructive bench tests of the VCSEL arrays to drive them into the extreme high output regimes while measuring photometric and lifetime data would be performed. By the end of Phase I we would have a proposed design for a solid state replacement for the infrared candle meeting the Army specifications. In phase I, we would also build an early prototype version of the package which can be tested by Army before the end of the phase I. The first build will use one of our VCSEL arrays of >200W of power at 976nm. In phase II, we would develop a benchtop demonstration prototype with a form factor of the solid state infrared flare. Measurement of the optical, electrical, and lifetime characteristics of the prototype would be conducted. Experiments to show that the prototype design would survive the shock environments of the M278 rocket would also be performed. In Phase III, we would finalize the design for production of the solid state flare replacement. Live fire demonstrations would be conducted in phase III.

Techshot, Inc.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Nathan Thomas
ARMY 09-004      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Solid State Infrared Flare
Abstract:The Techshot Solid State Infrared Flare (SS IR Flare) will utilize existing high quality, commercial-off-the-shelf infrared LEDs to produce the required spectral output for use as a flare rocket providing illumination compatible with night vision gear. Powered by high current batteries, the physical configuration or form factor of the current launchers and flare rockets will remain unchanged. Techshot''s experience in developing both LED and power management systems for harsh environments comes to play as this specific project targets a reliable, repeatable design that ensures IR illumination is provided to the soldier as necessary to meet battlefield mission objectives.

Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
David Biss
ARMY 09-005      Awarded: 9/17/2009
Title:Polarimetric Sensor for Air-to-Surface Missile Systems
Abstract:Polarimetric imaging is a form of remote sensing that measures the relative intensity of the polarized components of reflected radiation from natural sources in an uncontrolled environment. In a natural scene, the majority of photons are randomly polarized. However, polarization can be induced by reflection off planar surfaces. This is particularly useful for detecting reflection from machined (man-made) surfaces. Polarization is also induced in an object’s self-emitted (thermal) radiation. Polarization information has been demonstrated to discriminate targets/objects from camouflage and clutter. Additionally, it has been shown that partially buried land mines can be discriminated by the polarization content of their thermal self-emission. This proposal describes a unique polarimetric device that, when incorporated into an imaging camera, will produce two orthogonally polarized images from a single focal plane in wavebands spanning the visible through the long wave infrared. Furthermore, this device is non- lossy and extremely compact. Bodkin Design and Engineering, LLC (BD&E) specializes in the development of compact thermal imaging cameras with zoom capabilities, miniature hyperspectral and multi-spectral imagers. We will develop and demonstrate a LWIR polarimetric imager under the Phase I contract, and incorporate it into a compact multiband camera capturing simultaneous video in the MWIR and LWIR in Phase II.

Polaris Sensor
200 Westside Square Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
Larry Pezzaniti
ARMY 09-005      Awarded: 6/2/2009
Title:Polarimetric Sensor for Air-to-Surface Missile Systems
Abstract:Polarization imaging holds promise for providing significant improvements in contrast and background clutter rejection in a number of target detection and discrimination applications. In several recent development efforts, it has been demonstrated that manmade objects have a significantly stronger polarization signal than natural backgrounds resulting in good contrast that complements the conventionally imaged infrared signature. However, the experimental polarimetric systems which have produced these data sets frequently require long data acquisition times which result in artifacts in the polarization imagery due to platform or target motion, or involve very large hardware packages not appropriate for an EO seeker system. Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc proposes a comprehensive design trade-off study which considers all existing and emerging polarimetric architectures to determine an optimal design for a seeker imaging polarimeter. Established models will be used to determine the optimal waveband(s) of operation. MWIR, LWIR and MWIR/LWIR bands will be considered. A concept design of the seeker imaging polarimeter will be developed based on the design trade-study output. A Phase I Option would provide a detailed system design including optical, mechanical and electrical designs.

Combustion Rese
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
ARMY 09-006      Awarded: 5/19/2009
Title:Missile Interceptor Base Flow Simulation
Abstract:The program focuses on turbulence modeling enhancements for predicting hypersonic interceptor base flows, using existing benchmark data sets. Unified kε and algebraic stress (EASM) turbulence models, shown to adequately simulate fundamental high-speed jet data sets and now being validated with PIV data sets in a NASA Marshall program focused on baseflows, will be used. Complimentary Large Eddy Simulations (LES) will provide additional turbulence statistics that are not readily/reliably measured. The data will support enhancements to the CRAFT Tech unified k-ε turbulence model. The impact of employing a variable turbulent Prandtl and Schmidt number methodology, based on a two-equation scalar variance framework, will be considered for reacting and non-reacting base flows. The effort will lead to extended validation of enhanced turbulence modeling tools, increased reliability of base drag & heat flux predictions and fills a major gap at the US Army by improving upon base region simulation capabilities required for design of hypersonic interceptors. The program will also conduct initial planning for acquisition of “high-quality” baseflow data in the 12”X12” tunnel at the National Center for Physical Acoustics (NCPA), utilizing non-intrusive diagnostics.

IllinoisRocstar LLC
P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 766-2567
Mark D. Brandyberry
ARMY 09-006      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Investigation of Supersonic and Hypersonic Missile Interceptor Base Flows Using an Advanced Computational Framework
Abstract:A computational investigation of missile interceptor base flows in a supersonic/hypersonic application is proposed. High-fidelity three-dimensional simulations will be conducted using the proprietary framework Rocstar. The computational framework includes a compressible flow solver with advanced LES turbulence models and has flexibility sufficient to investigate a variety of base flow configurations under widely varying conditions. As a feasibility study for Rocstar, in Phase I we propose validated simulations for the flow past the cylindrical blunt afterbody configuration of Herrin and Dutton (1994) at Mach number of 2.5. In the Option period, we will develop a validation matrix, including a variety of geometries, for implementation during Phase II. We will also execute a simulation of the boat-tailed geometry. Professor J. Craig Dutton will serve as technical advisor to IllinoisRocstar on the SBIR project. The overall goal of this work is to develop, validate, and commercialize a numerical tool suitable for design and analysis. The code should accurately predict supersonic and hypersonic base flow characteristics to within ±5%, especially pressure and velocity data. At the conclusion of Phase I and the Option, we will have completed a study assessing Rocstar capabilities, compared two well-known afterbody geometries, and assembled a set of validation cases to direct and extend Rocstar for turbulent base flow.

Surmet Corporat
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 1803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Nagendra Nag
ARMY 09-008      Awarded: 6/10/2009
Title:Metallic Grid Application for Green Ceramic Domes
Abstract:Transparent domes for multimode seeker technology with integrated fine metal grid for EMI shielding are currently being developed. Specific line width and spacing requirements for the embedded metallic grids in the domes significantly limit the available methods for fabrication. A potential approach to producing these structures is by applying a metallic grid pattern to the green dome blank, and then adding a second green layer of the same material over the grid. When the green blank is fired, the metal grid pattern sinters together into a continuous metal pattern at the same time that the ceramic layers are sintering together into a dense ceramic. We propose herein to develop a direct write grid application method, suitable to achieve the electrical requirements for the EMI shielding. The proposed method will overcome the prior issues by providing opportunities for a wide conductor material choice, as well as variable line thickness capability. Our proposed efforts build on prior and current experience with direct write methods that have been, or are being evaluated for this application. Gridded coupons and partial domes will be demonstrated in Phase I. A fully gridded 7” hemispherical dome will be produced by the end of the Phase I Option.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Greg Slavik
ARMY 09-008      Awarded: 9/15/2009
Title:Conformal Metal Grid Patterning for Green Spinel Domes
Abstract:Soft lithography is an inexpensive and fast method for applying micropatterned structures to both flat and nonplanar substrates. TA&T leverages multiple soft lithographic processing steps to pattern co-fireable refractory metal grid on spinel dome windows for electromagnetic interference (EMI) filtering purposes. In addition to the overall curvature of a green ceramic dome, the surface roughness poses difficulties that preclude many other techniques for applying high fidelity features to a surface. The proposed approach overcomes the technical issues by forming the conductive material grid pattern on a transfer film that can be integrated into the ceramic production process. A micromolding technique which infiltrates a photocurable resin formulated with metal loading into channels which define the grid dimensions is developed to pattern on the film. The complete system of inorganics and organics necessary for the gridding and transparent ceramic production is considered for compatibility. The resulting grid is expected to have low sheet resistance for high EMI shielding performance.

Aegis Technolog
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
ARMY 09-009      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Low-Cost Method for Metal Nano-Coating of Anisotropic Carbon Fibers
Abstract:Presently, there is a pressing need from U.S. Army in developing metal-coated carbon fibers, which will be used as the payload for the Joint Program Manager (JPM) microwave obscuration program because they are excellent attenuators in the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The metal coatings around carbon fibers are required to be highly conductive, less than 50 nm, and simultaneously can be produced cost-effectively. However, there is not a cost-effective processing method available that is capable of depositing a thin metal coatings less than 50 nm around carbon fibers. Therefore, in this proposed research program, Aegis technology will: (1) Develop and demonstrate a novel nano-coating method for carbon fibers based on one-step exchange-cross-linking- precipitation to generate a highly conductive metal nano-layer (less than 50 nm) around carbon fibers; (2) Identify the underlying technical issues that govern the fabrication and performance of the coating system; and (3) Use this knowledge to design and manufacture such highly conductive metal nano-coatings around carbon fibers that exhibit the extinction coefficient required by Army. The anticipated technological impact of the proposed research program is the development and implementation of a low-cost nanoscale thin-film fabrication concept based on stabilized metal nanoparticles that provide the performance of metal-coated carbon fibers exceeding that with commercially available technology.

Physical Scienc
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 1810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
John D. Lennhoff
ARMY 09-009      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Low-Cost Method for Metal Nano-Coating of Anisotropic Fibers
Abstract:Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the low cost fabrication of chopped carbon fibers with a 50 nm thick, continuous copper coating deposited by electroless methods. We will utilize electrospinning to fabricate uniform polyacrylonitrile fibers with a diameter that upon pyrolysis will yield carbon fibers with 2 micron diameter. The polymer fibers will be pyrolyzed under tension to yield straight carbon fibers. These continuous fibers will be chopped to provide lengths of from 3 to 6 mm, for the 2 micron fibers. Because the fibers are straight, they will be relatively easy to disperse. The copper coated anisotropic carbon fibers are expected to have an extinction coefficient exceeding 6 m^2/g at 35 GHz. During the Phase I Option, PSI will fabricate 1 micron diameter, copper coated fibers. The Phase II program will enable diameter, aspect ratio and electrical conductivity tuning and process scale-up to the kg level. Our expertise with electrospinning scale-up to produce 5 km long tows of 3 micron polymer fiber enables a solid baseline production to build upon in Phase II.

Altex Technolog
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8302
John T. Kelly
ARMY 09-010      Awarded: 6/4/2009
Title:Compact and Mobile Biofuels Production System for Forward Sites
Abstract:To support tactical fuel requirements at forward sites, biomass wastes from operations and those locally available need to be converted into viable military fuels. Conventional approaches cannot produce military type fuels using compact and mobile reactors. Through recent efforts, Altex and PSU have identified a novel approach that can achieve the conversion of mixed biomass wastes to a JP-8-type fuel in a compact and mobile platform. Preliminary tests have shown the potential of the concept and the needed components have been integrated on two mobile trailers to allow testing in the field. Under the proposed Phase I project, the concept will be adapted to the Army biomass waste to military fuel application of interest; and the performance and cost benefits of the concept will be determined versus alternative techniques. In support of this assessment effort, a subscale test article will be built and tested. These efforts will show the feasibility of the concept for Army biofuels applications of interest.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1839 W. 205th St., Suite B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Keehoon Kim
ARMY 09-011      Awarded: 4/8/2009
Title:Bimodal Standoff Biometric Collection System
Abstract:To address the Army need for standoff capture of multimodal biometrics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Bimodal Standoff Biometric Collection (BISBIC) system for multimodal high-resolution biometric capture, based on POC''s innovative nonoptical zoom with wide field-of-view (FOV) technology with a ultrasuperpixel array. It is based on POC’s innovative, ultrawide-FOV (90 deg. x 12 deg.) technology with no moving components, volume captures (no orientation requirements) and a superfocal-plane array. BISBIC performs instantaneous electronic zoom on biometrics (iris and face) without restricting the subject’s activities or orientation. BISBIC features wide capture volumes in all orientations with instant, telescopic, high resolution (0.1 mm) at 100 meters, which is unprecedented. The BISBIC package is 12 in. (dia) x 8 in. (long), and <10 lb. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of BISBIC by building and testing functional BISBIC components in a laboratory testbed. In Phase II we plan to design, fabricate, and test a fully functional prototype in a realistic environment.

Daniel H. Wagne
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
C.A. Butler/Dr. B. Belkin, Co-PIs
ARMY 09-012      Awarded: 5/8/2009
Title:Composit Tracking and Discrimination Module
Abstract:The project objective is to develop a set of mathematically rigorous Composite Tracking and Discrimination Modules (CTDMs) for accurately fusing both kinematic and non- kinematic sensor information to contribute to a consistent Single Integrated Air Picture (SIAP) containing both Tactical Ballistic Missiles (TBMs) and Air Breathing Targets (ABTs). A distributed data fusion architecture is assumed. Local (sensor level) tracks are formed based on measurement-to-track fusion. Multi-sensor system tracks are formed based on track-to-track fusion. The target state vector includes both kinematic and feature states (such as radar cross section and color temperature). Non-linear state estimation methods employed include extended Kalman filtering, a Gaussian sum representation for the target state distribution, and the modified Euler method for approximating the solution to the target state SDE. Data association is formulated as a classical assignment problem. Data association hypotheses are generated using the Munkres algorithm. A graph-theoretic algorithm is used to form cluster tracks partitioning the data association problem into independent subproblems. The bandwidth required to communicate tracking data across the distributed network is reduced by sending pseudo-measurements that capture the information from multiple physical measurements. A Bayesian inference engine performs the target discrimination and classification function. Multi-sensor registration is performed using non-Gaussian methods.

Intelligent Systems Research, Inc.
3390 Auto Mall Drive
Thousand Oaks, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 409-0439
Phillip W. Dennis
ARMY 09-012      Awarded: 8/24/2009
Title:Sensor Geodetic Registration for Tactical Ballistic Missile (TBM) Composite Tracking and Discrimination Capability for Army System of Systems (ASoS) I
Abstract:Critical to the success of distributed sensor fusion for IAMD is the ability of each network sensor to correctly associate sensor measurement and attribute data to tracked objects within the air/missile picture. To achieve this, multi-sensor fusion requires sensor registration techniques that ensure network sensor are sufficiently synchronized and spatially aligned. The goal of sensor registration is to reduce the range of uncertainty inherent in a given single radar by considering the "cross correlations" that exist between the data on common tracks observed by network sensors. Our approach to sensor registration is to provide geodetically aligned sensor data within a component based distributed architecture using methods that act on geodetic calibration tracks and other fiducial data points common to the distributed sensors to produce location and orientation bias estimates at each sensor. The distributed architecture allows each sensor to compute local biases and apply the computed “offsets” prior to distribution of track data to the tracking network. Sensor registration using simultaneous observation of selected common tracks and fiducial points among distributed sensors has the potential to compute a local sensor registration solution by averaging out the uncorrelated random bias errors that will be present within the ensemble of networked sensors.

---------- NAVY ----------

272 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Composite Ceramic Technologies, LLC
12501 Tech Ridge Blvd. #628
Austin, TX 78753
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 697-9336
Pierre de Rochemont
NAVY 09-001      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:DC Power Supply Technology for Air Cooled Systems
Abstract:Magnetic components are the greatest source of design problems and failure in switching power supplies. New component integration technologies and higher performance materials sets are needed to develop high efficiency, high power density, fast transient response DC-to-DC converters that support high peak power, and high average power loads for next-generation air-cooled active array radar systems. Performance limitations of state-of-the-art circuit modules are primarily rooted in discrete component assemblies and the use of sub-standard materials sets in the construction of magnetic and passive components, as well as the electrical interconnects. Composite Ceramic Technologies, LLC, Austin, TX, (the “Company”) will overcome these limitations using its proprietary deposition technology to achieve improved performance in laminated magnetic components and integrate “ideal” materials sets into a monolithic electronic circuit module. Fully integrated DC/DC converter modules constructed using these patented process methodologies will deliver optimal power efficiencies, power densities, and transient response. The unique broad-based solutions enabled by this program serve multiple interests in the Tri-Service community and have the potential to extend the field life and improve the battlefield readiness of new and legacy radar systems. This submission promises to deliver substantially higher value than competing proposals that simple address circuit board or control topologies.

US Hybrid
445 Maple Ave.
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 212-1200
Abas Goodarzi
NAVY 09-001      Awarded: 9/2/2009
Title:DC Power Supply Technology for Air Cooled Systems
Abstract:A dc-dc converter with integrated Magnetics and sensor and ZVS, ZCS circuit topology in one package to reduce the interconnects and the losses is proposed. The custom made three dimensional magnetic design will allow us to increase the switching frequency to >500kHz, while maintaining >92% efficiency at 12V output. The power devices and magnetic will be utilizing the high temperature common package with Direct Bond Copper, substrate for better heat transfer. The power converter will have integrated diagnostics and operation status reporting. The base plate will be integrated with the cooling fins to optimize the heat rejection. The proposed design is cost effective for low volume production and it is designed for dual use of DOD and heavy duty hybrid commercial vehicles and telecom. US Hybrid similar design dc-dc converts has passed the NEBS, telecommunications qualification, which includes the EMI/EMC, shock, vibration and drop test as well as thermal cycling. A high bandwidth control loop to provide fast transient with ramp compensated current regulated, phase shift ZVS converter with current doubler output inductors to minimize the stored energy on the unit input and out to enhance the transient response is considered.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Lawrence Domash
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 8/24/2009
Title:Dynamic Foveal Vision Display
Abstract:Leveraging on our extensive experience on laser projection technology, AGILTRON proposes to realize a new class of see-through type of Head Mounted Display (HMD) with wide field of view (WFOV) and dynamic foveal vision ability, targeted for integrating with enhanced vision systems for night and daytime dismounted infantry combat operations with a secondary function of providing command and control information and external imagery from weapon sights or other platforms. The proposed HMD is very lightweight, compact, easy to mount on any standard helmets, and is based on commercial components. Furthermore, our designs offer advantageous attributes of high speed, low cost, simple design, and withstand severe environmental conditions. The feasibilities of the proposed laser projection technology have been successfully demonstrated. In this Phase I program, the image processing algorithm will be optimized and a functional prototype of the proposed foveal vision HMD will be developed and demonstrated.

Dimension Technologies Inc
315 Mt. Read Blvd.
Rochester, NY 14611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 436-3530
Jesse Eichenlaub
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 7/30/2009
Title:Ultra High Resolution Dynamic Foveal Vision Display
Abstract:This Navy Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will be used to fabricate, measure, and test a novel optical design for use in a new type of ultra high-definition (UHD) head mounted virtual reality display (HMD) that can incorporate a UHD AOI feature without moving parts or extra displays. DTI has demonstrated a large screen (UHD) projection technology that uses a rapidly scanned microdisplay to produce images possessing much more resolution than the microdisplay itself. It accomplishes this by illuminating different sub regions of each pixel during each scan, producing an image made up of the sub regions instead of the pixels. During this project DTI will investigate and bench test a novel illumination and optical system will that can produce arrays of sub- pixel sized illumination spots on off the shelf microdisplays in a very compact space. This system will then be operated in conjunction with an eye tracker to demonstrate a movable high resolution foveal insert in a lower resolution field on an off the shelf microdisplay. DTI will also investigate adaptation of the system to an exiting head mounted system.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6325
Igor Ternovskiy
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 8/7/2009
Title:Dual Reflection Waveguide Ultra-wide View Display
Abstract:The Navy has long had a need for a wide field of view Head Mounted Display to provide situation awareness. Taking into account eye position, the image at the HMD should be presented with highest resolution at the center and much less but still acceptable resolution on peripheries. Intelligent Optical Systems proposes to develop a Dual Reflection Waveguide Ultra-wide view display that will provide situation awareness, allow 120 degree peripheral view, and provide a maximal resolution direct view without any moving mechanical parts. The novel optical system is based on dual use of waveguide surfaces for peripheral and direct view information. IOS has successfully completed a series of government projects related to the proposed technology. The diverse experience of the technical staff in the areas of stereovision displays, optical waveguides, image processing, and high performance video processing will contribute to the successful completion of this project. In Phase I, we will perform ray tracing for complete optical design and develop prototype software to correct for wide view image presentation in both see-through systems and non-see-through systems. In Phase II, we will fabricate a prototype system with wide view display and higher than human resolution limits in the foveation area.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Naumov
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 7/29/2009
Title:Augmented Reality Gaze-Under-control Super-resolution Head Mounted Display
Abstract:To address the USMC need for a dynamic foveal vision display, which increases situational awareness of dismounted Marines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Augmented Reality Gaze-Under-control Super-resolution Head-Mounted Display (ARGUS HMD). The ARGUS-HMD is based on optical-electronic- software implementation of foveal vision that creates an illusion of a panoramic high- resolution image on a see-through display from data stored in a PDA. This unique performance is achieved due to innovative system design and optimized image rasterization software integrated with eye-safe eye trackers. The image with a high resolution raster is rendered within the foveal area and with gradually lower resolution in the peripheral area. The rasterized image is projected onto a see-through ballistic-impact face shield that allows the Marine to see augmented high-resolution data such as detailed 3D maps, floor plans, or instruction text while looking through this image to a real ambient scene. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ARGUS-HMD system and identify potential advantages and limitations of the proposed approach. In Phase II POC plans to develop a fully operating prototype implemented on a real HMD, which will be ready for testing by Marines in a field environment.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 8/19/2009
Title:Dynamic Foveal Vision Display
Abstract:Head Mounted Displays (HMDs) currently lag behind both sensors and information systems in their limited ability to provide the warfighter information. Current sensors at greater than mega-pixle levels are common, and display systems typically operate in excess of several megapixels. Microdisplays, on the other hand, are still limited to less than a megapixel in most cases. The ability to provide warfighters more digital information will move the efforts to integrate the dismounted marine or rifleman into the digital battle space forward. The drive to increase the warfighter’s situational awareness is a key factor in increasing that warfighter’s combat multiplier by enabling greater mobility, lethality, and survivability. Trex Enterprises has devised a novel approach to providing a high resolution, narrow field of view foveal region coupled with a lower resolution wide field of view peripheral display. The approach outlined has numerous advantages over conventional approaches, including zero moving parts and the ability to provide the full desired capability using commercially available microdisplays of nominal resolution (800x600 pixels). The use of existing microdisplays has numerous benefits, including reduced cost as well as reduced required bandwidth and power (versus larger, custom displays).

Advanced Materials and Processes
104 Inwood Drive
San Marcos, TX 78666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 557-7461
John Massingill
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I project is to produce a tough protective nanocomposite ceramic lining for machine gun barrels to reduce weapon system acquisition costs through service life extension, reduction in parts consumption & failure rates, reduction in weapon weight, reduced corrosion, and reduction in barrel heat load. We postulates that incorporation of a ceramic radiant barrier lining will send more heat out the nozzle with numerous benefits. Advanced Materials and Processes has identified candidate materials and processing techniques that will produce integral tough nanocomposite ceramic linings for outstanding barrel life. The process is applicable to machine gun barrels of any size. AMP will prepare two prototype ceramic gun barrel coatings and test for hardness, crack resistance, adhesion, thermal conductivity, and live firing. FN Manufacturing (FNMI) is collaborating on this project. FNMI will provide barrel tubes and technical support in Phase I. They will also provide 2000 round live fire testing/evaluation of two prototype coated gun barrels in Phase I and 10000 round live fire testing/evaluation of one prototype in Phase I Option. FNMI believes that the proposed ceramic liners are worth investigating because if successful they will enable a quick implementation and practical way to production.

Innovations Plus, LLC
3120 North 33rd Street Suite 1
Lincoln, NE 68504
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(402) 430-7678
Robert Walters
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:Innovations Plus, LLC is seeking to make the amount of ammunition on hand the firing rate limiter instead of the heat capacity of the barrel. The technical opportunity presented within this Phase I feasibility study is to increase the rate of fire for weapons by properly managing the heat developed in the barrels or gun tubes. Specifically, to increase the sustained rate of fire for light, medium and heavy machine guns through the use of our carbon fiber composite gun barrels.

Integran Technologies USA Inc.
2541 Appletree Dr
Pittsburgh, PA 15241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 675-3730
Virgil Provenzano
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:The proposed project seeks to take advantage of the success of an on-going Air Force Phase II SBIR and leverage the lesson’s learned with medium calibre barrel to apply the new technology to small caliber machine gun barrels. In the previous Phase I and on-going Phase II projects, the feasibility of producing a fully dense, non-micro-cracked Nanostructured cobalt–refractory metal alloy with co-deposited hard ceramic particles was demonstrated. The Nanostructured coating was found to have wear resistance equal to that of hard chrome coatings, but did not suffer from the same micro-cracked structure that chrome possesses, even after thermal cycling to 1832°F. Laser pulse testing simulating the heat input experienced in a 25mm medium caliber gun barrel (M242 with M919 propellant) showed no significant damage or microcracking as seen in hard chrome coatings. The absence of a micro-cracked structure in the Nanostructured coating is expected to result in increased performance over the current hard chrome coatings in the gun-barrel bore due to the lack of a pathway for the hot-erosion combustion gases to attack the base-metal, thus leading to a longer lifetime. Additional benefits of the Nanostructured coating relative to hard chrome include: faster deposition rates, lower power consumption during processing, and elimination of the health risks associated with hexavalent chromium (Cr6+). The specific objectives of the proposed program are to: (1) develop the tooling needed to apply the Nanostructured composite coating to the inner bores of small caliber (5.56mm/M249 or 7.62mm/M240) machine gun barrels (the current on-going Phase II SBIR is specifically investigating 20mm barrels), (2) perform actual field testing to demonstrate and validate the technology, and (3) define all critical technical parameters in a thorough process specification to allow the technology to proceed to facility demonstration/validation activities. Based on the results of these tests a full Implementation Assessment will be performed to determine whether performance and cost will make this a cost-effective solution for the various small caliber platforms used by the Navy.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Roger Storm
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:A Light Weight Titanium Alloy Machine Gun Barrel with a Ceramic Liner
Abstract:Current rapid fire guns used by the Marines overheat during sustained rapid firing. As a result they are subject to failure in combat situations placing the war fighter at risk. The use of a gun barrel with greater refractory capability than the current steel barrels would present a true solution to this problem. A ceramic lined gun barrel would have excellent resistance to failure from excessive heat and erosion. In addition ceramics are of much lighter weight than steel. Silicon nitride (Si3N4)-based ceramics have demonstrated the potential to be used as gun barrel liners. MER has been working to develop the capability to produce Si3N4 gun barrels with rifling that is produced as part of the fabrication process. In this Phase I program, MER will demonstrate the fabrication of a Si3N4 gun barrel liner with a design selected by the Marines. A Ti-6Al-4V barrel will then be built up around this ceramic liner to provide a light weight rapid fire barrel with capabilities greatly exceeding those of the current all steel designs. The buildup of the Ti-6Al-4V on a ceramic liner has already been demonstrated by MER using a rapid additive manufacturing process.

North American Training Lodge Inc
41 Industrial Drive Suite #5
Exeter, NH 03833
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 772-5088
David Buchanan
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposal is to develop and demonstrate a recently developed metal treatment and combine it with alternative barrel designs. Dark Metal Technology (DMT) is a unique technology that provides a highly wear resistant and self-lubricious surface for finished steel parts in military weapons. DMT improves the performance of machine gun barrel steel by providing: • Outstanding wear resistance, high lubricity, and anti-galling without increasing hardness for both low and high grade carbon steel alloys used in machine gun components. • Maintain dimensionally stable parts, whose surface tolerances are unaffected, because there is no build up on surfaces from diffusion treatments. • A process that can be used both on new parts and field service parts as well.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Computationally Designed Co-based Alloy for Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel Liner
Abstract:QuesTek Innovations LLC, a leader in the field of computational materials design, proposes to develop a new liner material and manufacturing processes, enabling a fully- lined machine gun barrel system to withstand the extreme conditions of sustained fire. Currently, warfighters must typically carry a minimum of two gun barrels into action due to the poor thermal capability of current machine gun barrels. Thermal breakdown of gun barrels during sustained fire is caused by many mechanisms, but is largely due to degradation of the gun barrel bore during exposure to the high-velocity hot propellant gases. Unprotected steel barrels quickly fail due to the combined effects of oxidation, carburization and high temperature. Current options to protect the bore only protect a portion of the barrel length due to manufacturing limitations or perform poorly under the extreme conditions of sustained fire. QuesTek’s program will involve Marine stakeholders and Army materials experts familiar with gun technologies, ensuring that the solution meets manufacturing, cost and other objectives. The Phase I Base program will demonstrate the capability of Co-alloys for thermally stable machine gun barrels by manufacturing and testing monolithic Co-alloy barrels. Alloys optimized for liner-sleeve barrel manufacturing at reasonable cost will be designed in the Option.

TPL, Inc.
3921 Academy Parkway North, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 342-4428
Douglas Taylor
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Explosively Clad Liners for Extended Barrel Life
Abstract:Gun barrel life is limited by erosion, heat and wear. Barrel steels and failure mechanisms have changed little since the end of World War II. Performance requirements of modern gun systems continue toward higher velocities, greater rates of fire and longer projectile ranges result in greater in-bore pressures, heat and erosion. A critical need exists to increase barrel life, and therefore, sustainability. Coatings are of limited use for over- heating problems. Thicker liners have been tried, but are problematic when they are not bonded to the barrel. Using a proprietary explosive, TPL developed a unique explosive cladding process to metallurgically bond high-temperature, corrosion-resistant liners to steel or lighter weight barrel materials. TPL has demonstrated that solid liners, thicker than coatings and metallurgically bonded to the barrel, extend barrel life by 5-7 times. TPL will adapt this technology to small caliber machine gun barrels. Phase I Objectives include developing bonding parameters, verifying the metallurgical bond and producing test pieces. Barrel blanks will be clad and tested. Option tasks include cladding, machining and test firing a prototype Commercial support is lined up to help develop and market this technology. TPL has experience in barrel cladding and a site to perform the explosive work.

Materials Modification Inc
2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 560-1371
James Intrater
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Materials Development for Lighter E-SAPI Protection
Abstract:The E-SAPI specification describes the protection level of a soldier’s body armor in response to an AP, M2 round. Presently this is addressed largely through the use of boron carbide plate inserts for an outer tactical vest. A unique materials architecture is proposed with the possibility of increasing the armor’s ballistic mass efficiency and therefore allowing for the lowering of the armor weight. The Phase I Option will explore a modification to the assembly of this architecture.

Molded Materials Inc.
44650 Helm Court
Plymouth, MI 48170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 459-5955
Thomas Elkington
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Alternative Lightweight Solution to the E-SAPI
Abstract:The purpose of this SBIR is to reduce the weight of the current E-SAPI plates while maintaining the same level of protection. The weight reduction is important because by doing so the warfighter’s maneuverability and survivability will be improved. Our ability to conceptualize, design, and engineer creative solutions for complex polymer applications is what we do. Our approach to solving this problem is to apply unique materials; unique geometries of those materials, a single step manufacturing process, and novel construction methodologies such that the overall weight will be reduced and the ballistic protection will be maintained or improved. Our experimental approach in Phase I is to leverage previous work, and perform high-fidelity simulation studies on several possible solutions. Based on this we will build a number of sub-scale prototypes, then test and correlate those prototypes to the studies. Based on the findings in Phase I our solution would be further optimized in Phase II. Additionally in Phase II we will build more prototypes for testing, and once optimized we will build full-scale plates for manufacturing feasibility reviews, ballistic testing and field evaluation. By providing lighter weight armor we will help to save peoples lives.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Vince Baranauskas
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Lightweight, Flexible Ceramic Nanocomposite Polymer Armor Plates for Next Generation Body Armor
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop innovative lightweight, ballistic resistant ceramic nanocomposite armor plates that may be used in place of enhanced small arms protective inserts (E-SAPI) within Interceptor Body Armor (IBA) systems. The proposed lightweight ceramic composite inserts will integrate NanoSonic’s pioneering ceramic copolymer materials with shear thickening Kevlar® and Dyneema® fiber reinforced backings to provide protective armor inserts that weigh less than 4.00 lbs, provide enhanced soldier maneuverability and occupy less volume within interceptor vests than E-SAPI plates. This effort will build from NanoSonic’s independently validated hybrid nanocomposite armor materials that have demonstrated 1) V50 values > 4,000 ft/s to 3/8” A36 steel plates (MIL-STD-662F), 2) multiple shot protection from 0.50 cal rounds and 3) exceptional flame resistance (time to ignition > 300 seconds and low toxicity smoke). Through these efforts, researchers will develop an array of lightweight armor inserts capable of fragmenting and catching 5.56 mm, 7.62 mm and AP rounds. The potential technological advantages of NanoSonic’s lightweight, highly flexible body armor plates includes their ability to protect soldiers from multiple threats (ballistic, fragment and flame), long term environmental durability, tailorable weight and ease of integration within commonly employed composite manufacturing techniques.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Brad Rix
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Alternative Lightweight Solution to the E-SAPI
Abstract:Advancements in the Small Arms Protective Inserts are continually being made in order to provide lighter weight and more efficient ballistic protection for the U.S. Marine Corps and other military personnel. The USMC has challenged industry to develop new materials to achieve these goals. Texas Research Institute Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin) proposes a novel, multi-layer, composite armor system to reduce the weight burden while maintaining or exceeding the ballistic requirements for current E-SAPI plates. The medium-sized armor plates will be designed to weigh only 4.25 pounds. During Phase I, TRI/Austin will be working with a leader in ballistics testing and armor mechanics design and predictive modeling, as well as with a manufacturer of ballistic-grade ceramics. Ballistics testing will be performed using M80, Soviet 7.62x54Rmm ball type LPS, M855, and APM2 projectiles at an accredited ballistics testing facility. Environmental tests will be conducted that include water absorption, ultraviolet radiation resistance, and temperature effects to ensure that the new armor plates maintain ballistic effectiveness under adverse field conditions. The novel combination of ballistic protection materials will result in dramatically lower weight, enhanced durability, and ballistic effectiveness.

Ultramet
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Arthur Fortini
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:High-Hardness Lightweight Body Armor
Abstract:Current Enhanced Small Arms Protective Insert (E-SAPI) plates are made from hot- pressed boron carbide (B4C), which offers a favorable combination of high hardness and light weight. As threats continue to evolve, however, armor systems must also evolve to defeat the threats. Unfortunately, this typically involves increasing the weight of the armor system, which inhibits natural movement and decreases maneuverability for the wearer. Ultramet proposes to build upon its success with fiber-reinforced silicon carbide (SiC) composite armor and apply the lessons learned to an analogous B4C-based composite system. In the previous work, which was for a 7.62-mm APM2 threat, Ultramet’s carbon fiber-reinforced SiC composite backing structure with a thin monolithic SiC strike face outperformed fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) without a strike face as well as thick, monolithic SiC. In this project, Ultramet will use its melt infiltration process to fabricate fiber-reinforced B4C composites and combine them with a thin, monolithic B4C strike face to achieve superior ballistic protection compared with state-of-the-art monolithic B4C. Because high-strength carbon fibers are less dense than B4C, incorporating carbon fibers into the CMC will decrease the areal density while increasing the strength and toughness of the structure. This will improve the ballistic protection and improve the multi-hit capability of the composite armor system. The strike face materials to be investigated will also include ultrahard materials with hardnesses greater than that of diamond.

Wright Materials Research Co.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Seng Tan
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Lightweight Composite for Next Generation E-SAPI
Abstract:The current ballistic material systems for small arms protective inserts in personnel armor are based on ceramic plates with fiber-reinforced composite backing. The current Interceptor OTV (Outer Tactical Vest) and SAPI (Small Arms Protective Inserts) have saved many lives, but the current configuration including E-SAPI is still not light enough to meet the goals of the Marine Corps applications. Ballistic resistant materials that can be used for personnel armor protective inserts include metals, ceramics, polymeric composites, and their combinations. Current E-SAPI designs incorporating ceramic plates with a fiber-reinforced composite backing material can defeat NIJ Level IV shots and fragmentation, but these E-SAPI plates, even in their current configuration, still have plenty of rooms for improvements. In this Phase I research, we propose to develop a lightweight armor composite to replace the current material systems. The ballistic composite will be fabricated without any hazardous materials. It will be about 20% lighter than the current E-SAPI. Preliminary experiments have shown very promising results. Analysis indicated that the target density is achievable. Additional features include the ability to resist multi-hit at close proximity and great reduction in behind-the-armor impact force. The proposed armor composite should have an immediate and large market in the military, and civilian law enforcement community.

EOSPACE Inc
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 702-8407
Walt Charczenko
NAVY 09-006      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:LINEARIZED WIDEBAND DC to 20 GHz FIBER OPTIC TRANSMITTER
Abstract:EOSPACE will study the development of a Linearized Wideband Fiber Optic Transmitter for use in High Dynamic Range Analog Fiber Optic Links. The transmitter will consists of a unique EOSPACE wideband, linearized modulator integrated with a high power CW laser. A new packaging approach will offer record performance capabilities, while allowing fiber optic distribution networks to offer a twofold reduction in size, weight, cross- section, and power consumption in Navy Aerospace systems, with much less susceptibility to EMI effects.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Dalma Novak
NAVY 09-006      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Highly Integrated RF Photonic Transmitter for High Dynamic Range RF Applications
Abstract:In this Phase I program, we will investigate new approaches for realizing an ultra- compact (40 mm × 20 mm × 5 mm), lightweight (< 6 g), high dynamic range (SFDR > 120 dB-Hz2/3, RF photonic transmitter suitable for operation in military aerospace environments. Our Phase I feasibility study will explore photonic and microwave component integration techniques that can be applied to our existing high performance, adaptive RF photonic transceiver technology incorporating feedforward linearization, in order to meet all of the target performance, footprint, weight and power requirements. We will develop a preliminary architecture for the highly integrated, high performance, low SWaP RF photonic transmitter as well as an initial design for a compact microwave integrated circuit assembly that implements the functionality of the RF photonic transmitter’s linearization circuitry. During Phase I we will also carry out a proof of concept demonstration that experimentally validates the performance that can be achieved with our proposed technical solution. The high performance and low SWaP RF photonic transmitter technology that we will develop in this program will enable all of the benefits of high dynamic range fiber optic RF signal remoting to be fully exploited in Navy avionic platforms, greatly enhancing mission capabilities.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Laury Watkins
NAVY 09-006      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Highly integrated analog fiber optic transmitter for high dynamic range RF applications
Abstract:The Navy is interested in developing a high performance analog fiber optics transmitter for high dynamic range RF applications. The interest in fiber optics is to eliminate the current heavy, difficult to install, hard to maintain, Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI) susceptible copper based RF links such as rigid coax or specifically tuned cables with light, flexible, high bandwidth, EMI immune optical fiber cables. Princeton Optronics has developed high performance analog transmitters in the past meeting most of the desired specifications of this SBIR and has developed a mechanical platform which provide the ability for the free space optically coupled components to maintain their optical coupling integrity over Navy temperature range and can withstand the desired shock and vibration. We would use that platform and use the newly available components like high performance lasers and smaller modulators to achieve the desired performance and size for the transmitter. In phase I, we would do the simulations as well as coupling experiments with the laser and the modulator and make a design which would meet all the requirements of this SBIR. In phase II, we would build the transmitter and test it extensively.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Roger Sanders
NAVY 09-007      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Portable Non-Contact Heating and Soldering Tool
Abstract:Currently available soldering and heat gun systems have several significant deficiencies that can result in lower quality repairs and higher maintenance costs. The existing soldering irons naturally lead to cross-contamination between leaded and lead-free solders, resulting in degraded solder joints. The existing heat guns require bulky accessories and/or external electric power, making them unwieldy and causing the repair process to be slower and more difficult. The current battery operated systems are more portable, but they have less heating capability and short operating times. In response to these needs, Accurate Automation Corporation is developing a unique tool that utilizes infrared energy to perform both non-contact soldering and heat shrinking. This innovative product will provide for lower maintenance costs and higher quality repairs by offering improved portability, longer operating time, and multifunctional capability while preventing solder cross contamination.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jay Rozzi
NAVY 09-007      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:A Novel Non-Contact Soldering Iron/Heat Gun for Electronics Fabrication
Abstract:While contact-based soldering irons have been sufficient for the Navy’s needs for a number of years, the need to support new lead-free and older leaded solders is impossible with the current soldering irons without the risk of cross-contamination. In addition, the combination of the soldering iron and heat gun into one device would reduce costs and operational constraints. Creare’s innovation is a novel Non-Contact Soldering Iron (NCSI) that can solder electrical connections and also function as a heat gun. The total weight of our battery-powered NCSI is approximately 2.5 lb and is similar to that of a common household flashlight. We have used low cost components such that the final cost of our NCSI will be approximately $95. Thus, our solution is flexible, lightweight, affordable, and portable. Our NCSI combines the benefits of non-contact, radiation-based soldering with the convenience of a hand-held, battery-powered device. In Phase I, we will establish the foundation for further development and technology transfer at the completion of Phase II. Creare will work closely with the U.S. Navy and the program offices during Phases I and II to ensure that we are responsive to the needs of DoD maintenance and flight-line efforts.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
NAVY 09-007      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Multi-Functional Laser Heat Source
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a heat gun/soldering iron compatible with leaded and lead- free solders without risk of cross-contamination, and with all approved heat shrink and solder sleeves, for use in a Navy flightline maintenance environment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new MultiFunctional Laser Heat Source (MFLaHS) based on a near-infrared laser diode, beam-shaping optics, laser driver electronics, and a rechargeable power source. The use of a laser ensures compatibility with all types of solder without risk of cross-contamination. The novel MFLaHS design is compact, lightweight, portable, stand-alone, and qualified for flight-line maintenance environments, with a long operating time. Its innovative beam-shaping optics provides optimal working distance with absolute safety for the surrounding materials and staff. These features directly address the PMA-261 and H-53 Helicopters requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MFLaHS by developing and demonstrating a functional prototype of technology readiness level (TRL)-4. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a TRL-7 prototype and conduct testing to demonstrate the operation of MFLaHS technology in a relevant environment.

Global Engineering and Materials, Inc.
11 Alscot Drive
East Lyme, CT 06333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 398-5620
Jim Lua
NAVY 09-008      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for Improving Progressive Damage Modeling and Structural Life Prediction of Airframes
Abstract:An automatic software tool for 3D fatigue crack growth prognosis of structural systems under realistic complex loading will be developed by integrating a unified growth model with a mesh independent extended finite element toolkit in ABAQUS. The tool will be able to model arbitrary non-planer crack growth over multiple growth regimes with an arbitrary stress ratio without user intervention or remeshing. GEM has established the business partnership with SIMULIA (ABAQUS) and secured commitments for technical support from Bell Helicopter, who will provide supporting data, information, and expertise. In addition, our consultant, Professor Liu from Clarkson University, will aid in fatigue model development, and provide existing fatigue damage model for the toolkit integration. The multi-faceted feasibility study consists of developing an add-on ABAQUS toolkit that will enable the following: 1) a new unified fatigue crack growth modeling technique that captures the stress ratio effects under both uniaxial and multiaxial load; 2) arbitrary insertion of multiple 3D cracks that are independent of the finite element mesh; 3) characterization of a growing crack using the level set and fast marching method; and 4) demonstration of the applicability and computational efficiency of the developed toolkit at component and structural level.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8653
ADARSH PUN
NAVY 09-008      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for Improving Progressive Damage Modeling and Structural Life Prediction of Airframes
Abstract:Current damage tolerance analysis methods are often only applicable over a short growth regime and require extensive calibration with test data. A novel methodology proposed by Vasudevan et al, based on a two-parameter method known as the unified crack growth model, improves these shortcomings. The NextGen team seeks to integrate the unified crack growth model with the AeroLabTM advanced CAE software framework to create a robust damage tolerance analysis module. The finite element capabilities of the AeroLabTM system will allow the stress intensity factors for the crack front to be calculated easily for complex crack geometries and complex loadings. The benefit to the user is the ease of creating robust real world solutions that converge with minimal effort within an integrated CAE software environment.

Technical Data Analysis, Inc.
7600A Leesburg Pike Suite 204, West Building
Falls Church, VA 22043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 237-1300
Nagaraja Iyyer
NAVY 09-008      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for Improving Progressive Damage Modeling and Structural Life Prediction of Airframes
Abstract:Technical Data Analysis, Inc. (TDA) proposes to create a functional link between a finite element solver and UNIGROW, a fatigue and fracture mechanics program implementing the two-parameter approach to fracture mechanics developed by TDA and Dr. Grzegorz Glinka of the University of Waterloo, with support from ONR. This link will enhance the capability of both programs by providing a means of analysis automation for fatigue crack growth. Currently, fracture mechanics analysis relies on simplified models based on empirical rules to determine stress intensity factors. However, the sometimes poor correlation of these models to real structure leads to a large amount of uncertainty in fatigue crack growth calculations. The proposed product will allow any real structure to be analyzed for crack growth using the well established weight function methodology. After creating a component finite element model, a simple linear static analysis will determine stress distributions on any number of user-identified or automatically-identified crack planes. Those stress results will be linked to UNIGROW, which will utilize the weight function approach to determine accurate stress intensity factors and fatigue crack propagation. The end result will be enhanced fracture mechanics analysis capability, leading to safer, more efficient designs.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Paul Sorensen
NAVY 09-009      Awarded: 4/23/2009
Title:Beam Director/Expander for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:The overall goal of this project is to design, fabricate, and test a compact, low power, aircraft-mounted Beam Director/Expander (BD/E) for High Energy Laser (HEL) Applications. Examples of HEL applications include: (1) directed energy weapons from air- and space-borne sources, and (2) countermeasures for surface-to-air missiles aimed at aircraft. Both applications require high bandwidth and high accuracy to reject structural disturbances (jitter) from the base aircraft and to enable rapid target acquisition and tracking. Tactical beam directors for these applications need to: handle laser power up to 300 kW, have optical throughput greater than 90%, work with wavelengths between 1.0 micron and 1.1 micron, have residual wavefront error less than lambda/8 at 1.06 micron, have residual jitter less than 2 microrad, have slew rates exceeding 2 rad/sec, be capable of slew accelerations greater than 2 rad/sec2, take up less than 0.2 cubic meters, and have mass less than 50 kg. Our proposed Beam Director/Expander combines a unique, optical design; advanced mirror materials; novel actuator technology; and proven gimbal and high-speed control system electronics. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of our approach. During Phase II, we will fabricate and test a bench-top BD/E.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 245-9970
Don Washburn
NAVY 09-009      Awarded: 4/23/2009
Title:Tactical Beam Director for Airborne High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR will design a 30 cm beam director for HEL airborne tactical applications for a variety of Navy Missions. The beam director is to exhibit minimal weight and footprint. The beam director itself will be composite structure with at least 2 radians per second angular velocity and 2 radians per second squared acceleration capability. It is expected that the beam director will have an unobscured aperture and be capable of power loadings of up to 300 kW.

Redstone Aerospace Corp.
P.O. Box 1504
Longmont, CO 80502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 684-8125
Robert Levenduski
NAVY 09-009      Awarded: 4/23/2009
Title:Tactical Beam Director for Airborne High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:Most gimbal systems are designed for maximum stiffness and lowest mass. Gimbal stiffness is generally a principal requirement because the control bandwidth and pointing capability are directly related to the stiffness. Typically, the need to satisfy mass and stiffness requirements forces a compromise between the geometry and the materials. To date, design and development of high performance gimbals have been based on increasing the stiffness to the greatest extent possible and then controlling the gimbal with classical control techniques to the highest bandwidth possible. An alternative approach is to utilize flexible body control techniques with a relatively soft gimbal to enable pointing control beyond its first structural mode. Doing so would enable lightweight, low cost gimbals to be incorporated into airborne platforms. This effort will develop the advanced control techniques needed to effect precision pointing of a lightweight beam director.

Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
65 West Street Road Building C
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
James McEachern
NAVY 09-010      Awarded: 4/14/2009
Title:Coherent Active Sonar Waveform Analysis Using Pressure/Velocity Phase Comparison for Improved Detection and Classification
Abstract:Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation is proposing a Phase I study that will analyze the scattered acoustic field around a target-like body, taking into account the phase relationship between the pressure and acoustic particle velocity in the scattered field. The project will assess the effects of environmental factors such as boundaries and noise and will estimate the detectability of the phase change as a function of range. An algorithm to detect pressure-particle velocity phase shifts, suitable for in-sensor use or incorporation into the current sonobuoy signal processing system, will be developed. Sensor concepts and operating concepts will be formulated. A plan to validate the algorithms and design concepts in Phase II will be developed.

RDA Inc.
P.O. Box 49
Doylestown, PA 18901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 340-9514
Malachi Higgins
NAVY 09-010      Awarded: 4/14/2009
Title:Coherent Active Sonar Waveform Analysis Using Pressure/Velocity Phase Comparison for Improved Detection and Classification
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I effort is to develop a new means of detecting undersea targets in the reverberation return as well as in the forward scatter zone. Previous tests regarding Forward Scatter Detection had not been able to establish acceptable False Alarm Rates (FAR), at a sufficiently high Probability of Detection (PD) to warrant further development. However, newer developments using an array of co-located pressure and pressure gradient (i.e. velocity) sensors, showed potential as an undersea target detection mechanism. The proposed effort will follow up on these tests, both from a theoretical and practical measurement sense, to define sonobuoys which are capable of this new detection technique. Potential applications will be to the navy, as well as to homeland security for harbor defense and enemy diver detection.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Gerald Carroll
NAVY 09-010      Awarded: 4/16/2009
Title:Coherent Active Sonar Waveform Analysis Using Pressure/Velocity Phase Comparison for Improved Detection and Classification
Abstract:Existing Air ASW multistatic sonar search systems do not fully exploit all of the scattering information available in the acoustic field. This project seeks to further demonstrate that multistatic target echoes affect the acoustic field in a manner that allows one to differentiate target from non-target energy by using vector sensor quantities. During Phase I, we will examine target features using data from new vector sensor target scattering experiments that extends the work of previous research. We will use a signal subspace approach to develop new vector sensor algorithms that improve upon intensity based methods for the detection of forward scatter targets. In addition to the forward scatter cross range intensity phase anomaly feature, we will examine the potential of extracting cross range features in other geometries. During Phase I, we will also reanalyze existing data sets from experiments that contain vector sensors and target scattering to show improved detection and classification performance. In this way, Signal Systems Corporation will demonstrate the proof of concept of new discrimination clues in scattering regimes that have high target strength and a current paucity of physics based features.

Applied Thin Films, Inc.
1801 Maple Ave. Suite 5316
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 287-6292
Benjamin Mangrich
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:Environmentally-Robust Matrices for SiC Composites
Abstract:Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs) are emerging as mission-critical materials for a broad range of defense applications and among them, their utility for next-generation aero- turbine components are currently being pursued. SiC-based CMCs are leading candidates for this application due to their high strength, low density, and superior toughness at elevated temperatures. In this Phase I project, a new matrix material is being proposed based on the concerns for the environmental durability of SiC under turbine service conditions. At elevated temperatures, degradation of SiC CMCs due to presence of oxidation, moisture, salt, and CMAS is well known. While barrier coatings deposited on exterior surfaces can mitigate the problem to a certain extent, it is becoming apparent that more robust ceramic matrices need to be developed using low-cost approaches. In this regard, recent advances with preceramic polymer-derived matrices are noteworthy. This Phase I project addresses a unique and innovative matrix material using CMC-compatible processing technique to enhance the durability of SiC CMCs in such harsh environments. Fabrication of CMC samples, exposure tests, and mechanical testing comprise the major tasks in this project. Partnership with a prime defense contractor and manufacturer of CMCs is established for this investigation to provide technical guidance.

KION defense Technologies Inc
1957A Pioneer Rd
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 682-2060
Frank Kuchinski
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Environmental Resistant, Integrated Matrix Material System from Low-Cost, Heteroatom Modified Poly(boro)silazanes
Abstract:Kion Defense Technologies, Inc. (KDT) has teamed with a composite manufacturer to develop and demonstrate the effectiveness of a new, integrated matrix system for SiC- based composites for use up to 1300oC (2400oF). KDT will employ its patented polysilazane resin manufacturing process to incorporate B and Zr or Ti heteroatoms into its ceramic precursor (CERASET) resins to produce SiZrBCN or SiTiBCN, ceramics, respectively. These resins will be suitable for CMC matrix PIP processing and fully compatible with the composite matrix precursor for infiltration, pyrolysis, and resultant coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). The resulting composite microstructure will offer oxidation and corrosion protection as a result of the layered matrix structure. Furthermore, the proposed innovation is an improvement on the already tested and approved composite system, thus will require less testing and qualification than a new materials system and process that starts entirely from scratch.

MATECH Advanced Materials
31304 Via Colinas, Suite 102
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 991-8500
HeeMann Yun
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:Low-cost Innovative Erosion-resistant Environment-durable Ceramic Matrix Materials for Advanced SiC/SiC(N, Me) CMC
Abstract:MATECH GSM (MG) proposes demonstrating a low-cost and enhanced-environment- and erosion-resistant CMC material system, ASGMAC (SiC/SiC(N,Me)), by optimizing MG’s low-cycle PIP matrix densification method and by adopting modified (and/or functionally graded) polymer pre-cursor derived matrices for higher erosion and corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures up to ~2700F. The modified and functionally graded matrices are to be functioned for mitigating the current issues of the EBC onto the Si-based CMC substrates, such as poor impact resistance and unstable microstructures of the CMC surface over-coating. MG has successfully demonstrated 5-cycle PIP densifications of 2D / 3D architecture CMC panels using a pre-ceramic Si-based polymer and also has successfully synthesized a variety of Zr- (or Hf-) based ultra-high temperature pre- ceramic polymers for UHT ceramic fibers and matrices. The CMC community is well aware of several issues having to do with the Si-based material systems; one of those is a necessity for significant improvement in moisture and salt-fog corrosion resistance. MG’s objectives are: 1) Tailor the matrix composition rather than using Si-based but other refractory-based ceramic matrix formation, 2) Add second refractory or rare-earth oxide forming element in the current Si-based SiC or SiNC polymer that enhances moisture / salt- fog environmental resistance.

Thor Technologies, Inc.
3013 Aztec Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 830-6986
Larry Kepley
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 5/11/2009
Title:Chemically Modified SiC/SiC for In Situ Growth of Nonvolatile, Environmental Barrier Scale
Abstract:For significant advancements to occur in the implementation of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) in aeroengine airfoil applications, silicon carbide (SiC) ceramic matrix that forms corrosion resistant scale is needed for the combustion environment. Particularly troublesome is the accelerated surface oxidation and recession that proceeds due to reaction of the native silica scale with steam in the high-temperature turbine environment. As opposed to the more convention application of environmental barrier coatings (EBC) by plasma spray to meet this challenge, the proposed effort will develop an steam-resistant matrix material for use in SiC/SiC CMCs. More specifically, chemically modified SiC-matrix CMC panels will be fabricated by PIP processing using rare earth-doped polymer precursors. Evaluation of the resulting CMCs will proceed by measuring their oxidation resistance under aggressive, accelerated aging conditions (steam + O2 at high temperatures) that simulate harsh aeroturbine environment. A wide variety of materials property testing will be performed to measure the mechanical effects on the effect of doping the matrix both before and after aging of specimens.

Adaptive Technologies, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive Suite 3040
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-1284
William Saunders
NAVY 09-012      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Advanced Flight Deck Data and Voice Communications
Abstract:Adaptive Technologies, Inc. (ATI) and Fortress Technologies have teamed to develop advances in flight deck data and voice communications for use by the Aviation Data Management and Control System (ADMACS) program. This unique challenge of providing operational, noise-free, voice-enabled data management in a flight deck environment, with wireless network integration to the existing ADMACS shipboard LAN, is expected to lead to new paradigms for aviation maintainers. The ATI and Fortress Technologies team that proposes this Phase I project is uniquely suited to address the inherent challenges of this SBIR topic based on their current portfolio of military-qualified flight deck communications products and secure wireless network hardware systems, respectively. Based on proprietary digital noise canceling microphone technology that is used in two different flight-deck certified communications headsets, ATI will initiate the design of voice-enabled mobile devices that provide highly accurate voice recognition in jet noise fields and provide interface to the ADMACS LAN via Fortress Technologies’ secure, FIPS 140-2 certified wireless hardware that satisfies DOD Directive 8100.2. This program is designed to successfully transition to Phase II demonstrations in a representative or actual flight deck environment.

Della Enterprises, Inc.
3425 North County Road 3
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 686-6898
Chris Wieland
NAVY 09-012      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Advanced Flight Deck Data and Voice Communications
Abstract:We propose the introduction of a number of proprietary technologies we have developed to provide improvements for the collection and transmittance of flight ops data around the carrier and hangar decks of US carriers. Specifically, we can provide a speech recognition system that operates at levels near 99.9% accuracy in jet noise of at least 125dB. When coupled with a proprietary Auditory User Interface, this system permits totally hands-free and reliable operation of data collection using a PDA or PC with voice confirmation of operations. Additional technologies provide for data and voice to be optically transmitted, thus avoiding any RF interference. The combination of these technologies provide a faster and more reliable means to collect and disperse flight ops aircraft status.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
NAVY 09-012      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Advanced Flight Deck Data and Voice Communications
Abstract:MaXentric’s proposed solution for advanced flight deck data and voice communications is a comprehensive system that encompasses a V-band Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), which offers the bandwidth, security, robustness, and reliability that is required for the next generation Navy network, as well as, a human-computer interface (HCI) that fuses visual automatic speech recognition, along with audio to overcome the challenges of high noise environment and offer a 100 percent reliable voice and data communication wirelessly and covertly on the carrier flight deck.

Innovative Dynamics, Inc.
2560 North Triphammer Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-0533
Joseph Gerardi
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Control Surface Buffet Load Measurement
Abstract:High performance military aircraft require reliable measurement of critical loads on control surfaces during maneuvering and dynamic events such as wing buffet. Innovative Dynamics proposes to investigate a distributed sensor network to continuously monitor the structural integrity of control surfaces especially when in buffeting or flutter situations. Phase I will design a Buffet Load Measurement System Architecture for application to the JSF control surfaces. This will include the development of patch sensors and electronics for making vibration load measurements including the collection, transmission, and storage of sensor time and feature data. The end goal is the development of a structural diagnostic tool that will integrate with the on-board aircraft HUMS box and display post flight buffet load data along with other key aircraft parameters. This will allow users to determine exactly when and where flutter conditions occur during the flight profile. Phase II will develop the system hardware network for demonstration on an actual control surface in a wind tunnel or vibration table demonstration. Phase III will integrate sensors into manufactured parts using direct write processes. Successful demonstration of the system will lead to development of a HUMS based diagnostic tool for monitoring of critical surfaces on high performance aircraft.

International Electronic Machines
850 River St.
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 268-1636
Zack Mian
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Buffet Load Accurate Measurement System (BLAMS)
Abstract:Current-art systems cannot meet the requirements for Predictive Health Maintenance tracking of buffet stress/strain caused by disrupted overwing vortices on aircraft control surfaces: high sample rates, effectively zero data loss, and zero-to-minimal weight, wiring, or maintenance requirements. International Electronic Machines Corporation (IEM), a leader in smart sensor technology solutions for transportation safety, will create the Buffet Load Accurate Measurement System (BLAMS) with the support and endorsement of F-35 prime contractor Lockheed-Martin and assistance from Albany Nanotechnology. BLAMS will offer a wireless, non-interfering, high-data-rate, high-sample-rate system for tracking buffet loads across multiple points on an aircraft’s structure while having extremely low SWAP demands and low cost. BLAMS will be composed of simple, self- contained rugged sensor nodes which may be inserted nearly anywhere, affixed with any reasonable method, and store all flight data onboard until interrogated remotely by a system which can process the data locally or interface with other third-party systems (thus preventing any interference with other systems). Requiring virtually no maintenance, incorporating UID capability, adding virtually no weight, and lasting for the lifetime of the target components, BLAMS will make accurate, reliable PHM possible for JSF/F-35 and other aircraft applications, improving safety while significantly reducing maintenance costs.

MicroStrain, Inc.
459 Hurricane Lane Suite 102
Williston, VT 05495
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 862-6629
Steven Arms
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Control Surface Buffet Load Measurement
Abstract:Structural monitoring of Navy aircraft is of critical importance as the fleet ages. One critical area includes the control surfaces, which are subject to intense, dynamic buffet loading which can lead to structural cracking. The highly transient nature of buffet loading makes it difficult to measure using conventional sensors. We propose to solve this problem by combining a network of time-synchronized wireless load sensors with integrated microelectronics for static and dynamic loads sensing, data recording, communications, and energy harvesting. Our proposed sensors possess major advantages, including: sealed stainless packaging, full calibration prior to installation, rapid installation, and locations which enable a full computation of control surface forces and moments. Embedded firmware at each node will detect when buffet loads occur, and each wireless sensor node will automatically increase its sampling rate for high speed data recording. Data during normal aircraft maneuvers shall also be recorded, at a reduced sample rate. Time stamped, synchronized data will be stored in non-volatile memory and may be downloaded wirelessly at high rates upon receipt of a secure command. The embedded firmware also uses micro-power sleep modes whenever appropriate to enable powering by vibration energy harvesting, which will eliminate the need for battery maintenance.

Systems Technology, Inc.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Brian Danowsky
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Control Surface Buffet Load Measurement
Abstract:High performance aircraft experience repeated loads that can vary greatly both in frequency and amplitude depending on such factors as flight condition, maneuvering, and aeroelastic characteristics. Loads are monitored throughout the lifetime of military aircraft and used to estimate remaining structural life. Current airframe sensors are unsuitable for measuring unsteady aerodynamic buffet loads, which can be of significant amplitude and occur at frequencies that excite the aeroelastic dynamics, dramatically decreasing fatigue life. Systems Technology, Inc. and Moog, Inc. propose the Actuator Load Computing System (ALCS), an elegant and logistically attractive solution to this problem that employs onboard flight control actuators as load sensors capable of measuring both high frequency and quasi-steady loads. Since actuators directly measure the forces exerted on a control surface, these loads can be used as a robust reference gauge for what is occurring at the wing or tail surface as a whole. ALCS will leverage a novel frequency response identification technique, Narrowband Signature (NBS), which has proven to be successful with very short duration inputs. Since actuators are employed with all of the control surfaces, ALCS immediately extends itself for use with wings, vertical tails, and horizontal tails without the need for additional hardware.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Mike McFarland
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of applying an advanced, multifunctional coating system to canopy windows to increase their resistance to electromagnetic interference (EMI) and attack from low-power laser exposure. The coatings can be controlled during the deposition process to produce laser absorption profiles suitable for a wide variety of window requirements. In addition, the coating system will have an increased resistance to abrasion and scratching and will have an increased resistance to ballistic impact.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Milan Buncick
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:Radio systems play an increasing role in our military and civilian infrastructure, and many of these systems are vulnerable to accidental and malevolent electromagnetic attack. Malevolent EMI attacks on aircraft are not a new threat, and will probably increase in our society due to wide spread availability of electronic hardware and the increasing use of wireless devices. Protection from laser threats has become increasingly important due to the availability of laser sources (continuous and pulsed) over a broad range of wavelengths. This is particularly the case where table top femtosecond laser pulses (~50femtoseconds) with peak powers reaching the Terawatt scale are commercially available in the visible and near infrared. The military uses many laser systems (e.g., training devices, range finders, target designators, communications devices) that emit potentially eye damaging radiation. Because equipment and personnel risk exposure to these threats, a growing need exists for EMI protection of electrical equipment and eye protection at a variety of wavelengths for both CW and pulsed laser sources. Improving the resistance of helicopter canopies and windows to threats from both radio frequency energy and laser effects while maintaining or improving system functionality can protect equipment and personnel. The objective of this proposal is to develop transparent metallo- dielectric multilayer stacks that functions both as an EMI and a laser eye protection coating. We will design and construct multilayer stacks that provide a high transparency window in the visible spectrum but block both UV and IR light. The coating will have sufficient conductivity to offer EMI control and sufficient optical density to protect the eye from damage by laser radiation in these two spectral regions. As part of the Phase I effort we will build and test these stacks on both rigid and flexible substrates in order to provide a wide variety of protection applications. The Phase I work will also produce a technology development and demonstrate plan for the proposed solution that will be executed in Phase II.

Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Rand Dannenberg
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Integration of the Eclipse Transparent Electrical Conductor and Eclipse Multiline Rejection Filter Technology for Transparent Armor Applications
Abstract:As optical systems increase in their sensitivity and sensors become more capable, modern and future rotary wing aircraft will suffer from the need to have transparent armor systems that are transparent in the visible wavelengths and sensor wavelengths of interest while incorporating low ohm coatings for shielding efficiency as well as filters to protect against laser threats. The challenge is in providing a system that increases crew protection by the reduction of laser threats, and solar loading on transparent armor while enhancing the shielding efficiency and not reducing the mission capabilities by limiting transmission in wavelengths of interest. Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc. has addressed these current and future needs with the Eclipse Transparent Electrical Conductor (TEC) and Advanced Filter Technologies such as Rugate filter systems. The EclipseTEC™ is a flexible visually transparent electrical conductor (88%+ transmission at 550 nm,

Eikos, Inc.
2 Master Drive
Franklin, MA 02038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 528-0300
Paul Glatkowski
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/7/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:There is a need to incorporate the application of advanced transparent coating materials to reduce the exposure of aircrew cockpit and avionics to EMI and laser energy. Eikos proposes the use of new processes, structures, and materials based on low cost coating technology that exploits inherent advantages of carbon nanotube (CNT) transparent conductive coatings to reduce absorb EMI and reflect specific laser energy. Aircraft windows and canopies will be laminated from several plies of CNT coated sheets on polycarbonate so that the CNT provides EMI shielding, as well as ballistics protection. Some of the plies will also contain a mesostructured coating to reject laser light at specific wavelengths. The use of CNT allows this structure to be durable during manufacturing and use due to the unique open structure of the CNT. Furthermore, electrical and optical properties of these layers are tunable to address a wide range of EMI and laser threats. Eikos is partnered with a major air framer and a major canopy manufacturer to assist with the development of application needs and to provide testing.

United Protective Technologies, LLC
142 Cara Court
Locust, NC 28097
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 888-2470
Reggie Drake
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:Since the inception of radar over 50 years ago, development of battlefield detection and sensing methods has increased dramatically. All methods of detection and sensing that transmit, distribute, or utilize electrical energy can be sources of EMI. Of these sources of EMI, radio frequency energy can cause significant disruption to the operation and performance of aircraft avionics and pose a potential threat to aircrews of the affected aircraft due to exposure through the aircraft canopy. Another device, the low power laser, also poses an exposure danger. The laser can be targeted at the aircrew through the canopy and be used as a weapon by reducing the vision of the person(s) the laser is directed at. United Protective Technologies (UPT) will address these considerations by using a wealth of experience and a company history of laminate based protection of military windows. UPT will seek to incorporate a cost effective, multiple airframe solution capable of reducing or eliminating the threats posed by EMI and laser interference while maintaining the desired optical properties. UPT currently produces a sacrificial windscreen laminate for erosion protection and has obtained airworthiness on multiple airframes.

Apollo Instruments Inc
55 Peters Canyon Road
Irvine, CA 92606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 756-3111
Pete Wang
NAVY 09-015      Awarded: 3/27/2009
Title:High Power Pump Couplers for High Energy Fiber Lasers
Abstract:We propose to develop a novel pump energy coupler for high power fiber lasers. The overall goal of this program is to deliver a multi-kilowatt fiber laser system based on the high efficiency coupling technique. High power diode power injection into the inner cladding of active fibers has been a bottleneck for multi-kilowatt fiber lasers. The new coupler will be compatible with any pumping wavelength. The advantages of the new technique will include high wall-plug pump efficiency, brightness preservation, distributed pump injection and good heat dissipation. This proposed project is a moderate risk and high reward effort. The risk is moderate because detailed demonstration of the concept must be made although the theoretical study and preliminary laboratory research have set in place a significant foundation for the proposed effort. The reward is high because the success of the program will eliminate a major obstacle in current fiber laser development. The enabling technology will also benefit other diode pumped solid-state lasers, and provide couplers for researchers to develop new fiber lasers.

Arbor Photonics, Inc.
4968 Ravine Ct
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 417-1079
Thomas Sosnowski
NAVY 09-015      Awarded: 3/27/2009
Title:High Power Pump Couplers for High Energy Fiber Lasers
Abstract:Realization of fiber lasers with output power in the multi-kW range critically depends on the development of high power fiber components. This proposal specifically addresses the design, development and manufacture of new, all-fiber pump couplers using large- core, single-mode Chirally-Coupled Core (CCC) fiber, capable of operating at pump powers as high as 2kW or more. To improve the performance of pump combiners, we are proposing a new approach developed by AGT Laser (formerly FG2 Tech) using a specially designed coupling piece between the pump fibers and the signal DCF. This approach is a side-coupler design that allows for the DCF to remain continuous inside the coupler. This novel design eliminates the problem of matching cores when splicing the coupler signal fiber to an additional DCF, as is required in the end-pumping approach. This approach is fundamentally independent of the particular type of DCF and can therefore allow the use of a novel and demonstrated highly-scalable mode area, single-mode optical fiber that can incorporate polarization maintaining performance.

Q Peak, Inc.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Glen Rines
NAVY 09-015      Awarded: 3/27/2009
Title:Improved High-Power Pump Couplers
Abstract:Recent advances in fiber lasers have shown their potential for power scaling to Directed Energy (DE) levels. Many of the high-power, cladding-pumped, large-mode-area (LMA) fiber systems demonstrated in the laboratory have employed free-space optics to couple the diode-laser pump power into the pump cladding of the fiber. While the approach is useful for power-scaling demonstrations, it is not practical for operational lasers in terms of both reliability and ruggedness. In the work proposed here, we plan to develop and test high-power, all-fiber pump combiners to replace free-space optics for pump transport and allow construction of “all-glass” fiber lasers. The pump couplers must be compatible with polarization-maintaining (PM) LMA fibers used in the beam-combined systems needed to generate DE power levels. Also, given the interest, for some applications, in “eyesafer” DE systems, the couplers should work with not only Yb-doped fibers, but also with Tm-doped, 2-micron-wavelength fibers.

AVID LLC
322 Freedom Blvd Suite C
Yorktown, VA 23692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 886-2611
Paul Gelhausen
NAVY 09-016      Awarded: 3/3/2009
Title:Noise Reduction for Military Airfields and Surrounding Areas
Abstract:AVID proposes to develop software that determines takeoff and landing operational parameters for advanced military aircraft which result in trajectories that reduce noise in populated areas surrounding military airfields. This software will utilize GIS technologies to make teh analysis site-specific for a given airfield. Gradient method and genetic swarm optimization methodologies will be employeed to determine the set of operational parameters which reduce a cost function based on perceived noise level at observer stations on the ground.

Blue Ridge Research and Consulting
13 1/2 W. Walnut Street
Asheville, NC 28801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(828) 252-2209
Micah Downing
NAVY 09-016      Awarded: 3/3/2009
Title:Development of Optimizer for Noise Reduction for Military Airfields and Surrounding Areas
Abstract:Emerging new military high-performance aircraft and most current fighter aircraft generate community noise footprints that are in many cases 10 times or larger in size than current transport commercial aircraft. These higher levels lead to community annoyance, expensive and restrictive noise mitigation, and restriction of operations. Noise reduction technologies have been developed and employed on commercial aircraft engines giving significant reductions in community noise. However, few, if any, of these technologies have direct application to military high-performance jet engines. DoD is funding research to develop advanced modeling tools for community noise exposure and for noise reduction techniques. These tools are being developed to improve the military’s capabilities to assess and to potentially reduce its operational noise. However, for these tools to achieve their full potential, a system needs to be developed to optimize operational flight procedures that reduce community noise exposure while minimizing nonstandard flight procedures. This optimization system will provide the most cost effective near-term solution for jet noise reduction for the military that can be applied to any military aircraft at any airfield for relatively small incremental costs. The initial localized noise reduction expected from operational modifications is expected to be approximately 3 to 6 dB DNL.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Avinash Sarlashkar
NAVY 09-017      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Mission Impact and Readiness Assessment Tool for Critical Transmission Assemblies
Abstract:Impact Technologies with its OEM partner Boeing, proposes to use a combination of newly developed technologies and leverage existing technologies to develop a comprehensive software suite that will assist the Navy personnel in accurately and quickly assessing the impact of actual aircraft usage on critical transmission components and therefore, on overall reliability and mission readiness. It is not uncommon to have the aircraft experience the mission mix in actual use that is significantly different from the mission mix anticipated during the design stage. A different mission mix would therefore mean a potentially lower reliability and mission readiness at any given time. It is critical that tools are available than can accurately assess effects of such deviations on individual tail-number basis as well as at the fleet level. The innovations in this proposed effort will include: a) A graphical drag-and-drop system-level modeling tool to represent multiple failure modes for multiple components in complex transmission systems, b) Computation of individual component damage rates and therefore associated reliability using system level inputs such as the flight regime definitions, c) A reliability roll-up of different components in a “transmission chain” with due consideration to serial and parallel paths and interdependencies.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 522-8560
Nate Bolander
NAVY 09-017      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Gearbox Load and Life Simulation Software
Abstract:Gear tooth surface fatigue (pitting) is common precursor failure mode that leads to excessive gear vibration, liberation of debris particles that damage ancillary components (e.g. bearings), and serves as crack initiation sites that lead to eventual catastrophic tooth failure. Current gearbox life estimation techniques commonly underplay the significance of gear tooth surface fatigue due to the complexity of the phenomenon involved. In this Phase I program, technologies necessary for rigorous inclusion of surface fatigue failure will be developed to provide a better estimation of gearbox life for a given set of experienced (past) and anticipated (future) mission profiles. Finite element analysis will be coupled with a detailed mixed-elastohydrodynamic lubrication model and continuum damage mechanics approaches to predict damage accumulation rates in the material microstructure. Estimations of dynamic loading will be obtained through lumped-parameter analysis of the gearbox system. The completed software will provide analysts with a tool to predict the current damage state in helicopter gearboxes and evaluate remaining useful life for anticipated mission profiles.

VEXTEC Corporation
750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 372-0299
Richard Holmes
NAVY 09-017      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Gearbox Load and Life Simulation Software
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed effort is to build a methodology and the associated computational tools that predict component life for rotor wing drive systems. This will be achieved by adding mission load variability to VEXTEC’s existing gear component life prediction tool. The goal is a framework that accounts for mission variability and gear fatigue damage and produces a comprehensive assessment of drive system performance in an operational environment. This framework will incorporate the use of both high and low fidelity models to predict component performance, and will be based on existing VEXTEC durability prediction software used for Army land vehicles. This software accounts for each component in a complex system to produce an overall drive system life prediction. The tool will be developed in Phase I for a simplified H60 helicopter gearbox system. The tool will be used to predict the system’s performance based on component material and loading, system design, and mission load variability. The successful prediction of system performance will be used to demonstrate conceptual feasibility of implementing the component life prediction tool.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Aaron Rood
NAVY 09-018      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Pilot Physiologic Assessment System
Abstract:The proposed Pilot Physiologic Assessment System is a comprehensive medical monitoring system capable of measuring standard medical indexes such as heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration rate, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, and nitrogen levels. PPAS will be capable of both monitoring physiologic conditions and warning individuals of potential hypoxic state to aviators or persons conducting missions above 10,000 feet. The approach of the Pilot Physiologic Assessment System will be to use measured physiologic, metabolic and ambient values to create safe boundary limits during hypoxic exposure and allow for warning signals to be presented. Orbital Research (Cleveland, Ohio) with partners at NASA Glenn Research Center will develop a wearable sensor suite to monitor physiologic metrics of aircrews. The acquired indexes will allow physiologic changes to be tracked, warning signals to be generated, and hazards of hypoxia to be mitigated. Accurate prediction of deleterious changes from hypoxic exposure requires first accurate sensors. This Phase I program will focus on developing a non-invasive, pilot worn sensor suite capable of monitoring physiologic metrics to accurately predict and issue a warning of a hypoxic state to the user.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Rajan Gurjar
NAVY 09-018      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:High Reliability, Miniature Personal Hypoxia Monitoring System
Abstract:Accidental reduction in the oxygen available to a fighter pilot at high altitudes can lead to insidious hypoxia, where symptoms are almost unnoticeable before loss of consciousness in less than a minute. Under such situations, an accurate hypoxia monitoring unit that can predict the early onset of hypoxia – leaving sufficient time for the pilot to take remedial action – is essential. The existing commercially available technique for hypoxia monitoring, pulse oximetry, measures arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SO2), but has been proven an unreliable technique for the monitoring of in-flight hypoxia. Radiation Monitoring Devices (RMD) proposes to develop a real-time, versatile near infrared spectroscopic (NIRS) instrument that can detect the onset of hypoxia with minimal false positive and false negative rates. The NIRS instrument will simultaneously measure multiple physiological parameters apart from the blood oxygen saturation, in order to infer the onset of hypoxia with no false negative rates. The instrument will also have no false positives that can cause unnecessary distraction to the pilot during crucial situations. For comfort and safety reasons, the instrument will be made highly compact and non-invasive, and will not interfere with any of the numerous life supporting equipment worn by the pilot. Additionally, the monitor will take into account the statistical variation in an individual’s response to altitude and reduced pressure, to improve its accuracy and make it more universal. The Phase II prototype will be tested in hypobaric chambers used for pilot training at the end of the program.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Stan Desjardins
NAVY 09-018      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:The HAWK™ Hypoxia Detection and Alerting System for Military Pilots
Abstract:Military aircraft that fly at high altitudes and/or conduct high-g maneuvers require sophisticated safety systems to prevent the pilot from becoming susceptible to the negative effects of hypoxia and gravitational loss of consciousness. Pressure breathing and g-suits help to address these issues; however, a noninvasive warning system is required to alert the pilot to physiologic conditions signaling a hypoxic condition. This is complicated by the highly dynamic environment (pressure breathing, g-loading, pilot movement, irregular breathing, anti-g straining, mask seepage, hypoxia tolerance variation) and that the system must be adaptable to existing systems without modification by the component/system vendor. Safe, Inc. has conceived of a self-powered/low- power wireless noninvasive hypoxia sensor suite that offers ultra-high accuracy measurement (>99%) of blood/breathe oxygenation status with the superior fault- mitigation technology and near real-time responsiveness of hypoxia sensing. Fault mitigation and measurement accuracy is afforded by multi-modal sensors that assess O2 and CO2 metabolism as well as blood oxygenation. Advanced algorithms are employed to account for pilot movement and low blood perfusion. Sensors are mask-mounted and communicate wirelessly to a fore-arm mounted alerting system.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-2770
Michael Larsen
NAVY 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Multi-Modal Sensor for Tactical Marine Surveillance
Abstract:Information Systems Laboratories, Inc. (ISL) proposes to team with Applied Physical Sciences Corp. (APS) and ERAPSCO to develop a low-cost underwater sensor capable of collecting both acoustic and electric field signals. APS is a recognized leader in the development of advanced acoustic sensors and signal processing. ERAPSCO is a joint venture of USSI and Sparton, the world''''''''''''''''s leading sonobuoy manufacturers. Exploitation of both acoustic and electromagnetic signals emitted by submarines offers new possibilities for sensor queuing and data fusion to reduce false alarms. The goal of the effort is to develop a small air deployable sensor package that can simultaneously observe the acoustic radiated signature and the electric potential signals from ships that are in the vicinity. We will develop appropriate signal and information processing algorithms to provide a robust multi-modal solution that improves initial detection performance (PD/PFA), target kinematic predictions (tracks), and target identification (target/on-target) based on features in both measurement domains. Data will be collected in Phase I to validate sensor and noise models and to make recommendations for an engineering prototype of a compact sensor package. This information will be used in Phase II to develop and test prototype a sensor with the support of ERAPSCO.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1713
Kevin Derby
NAVY 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Combined Acoustic and Electric Field Sensing Buoy for Marine Surveillance
Abstract:Buoys for marine surveillance typically employ acoustic sensors for target detection and classification. A wide variety of sonobuoys have been developed for this application. However there are situations, particularly in littoral environments, in which the efficacy of acoustic sensors can be significantly compromised. In these instances, some level of performance enhancement may be possible by using supplementary sensing techniques. One option is the use of underwater electric field (E-field) sensors to detect electromagnetic fields generated by the cathodic corrosion protection systems typically employed on marine vessels. A buoy capable of detecting these signatures in addition to the traditional acoustic signatures could offer significant advantages, particularly in environments in which the quality of the acoustic data is compromised. QUASAR Federal Systems, a world leader in EM technology, proposes to develop underwater E-field sensors appropriate for integration into a combined acoustic/E-field sensing marine surveillance buoy. Working with Ultra Electronics Undersea Sensor Systems. Inc. (USSI) we will also generate a conceptual system design for a combined sensor buoy. In addition, we will partner with Applied Signal Technology (AST) to develop algorithms to fuse the acoustic data with E-field data and characterize the resulting performance.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Dennis Byrne
NAVY 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Data Fusion of Electric Field and Acoustic Data
Abstract:Conventional acoustic ASW methods are limited in littoral regions, where multipath caused by widely varying sound speed profiles and cluttered boundary conditions is concurrent with high ambient noise. For this reason additional detection methods are desirable. Many potential targets of interest generate incidental electric fields from the galvanic potential field generated by dissimilar metals in contact with seawater. Ultimately, these low- frequency e-fields propagate through the water and can be detected at a moderate distance with e-field sensors; when combined with the acoustic data, the fused data can provide additional performance in terms of reduced false alarm rates, tracking, and classification. The opportunity, then, is to develop a tactically deployable, hybrid e-field and acoustic buoy that can support a multilayered data fusion approach to improve airborne ASW capability in cluttered littoral regions. This program will develop a conceptual buoy design that incorporates both the acoustic sensor and the e-field sensor for tactical surveillance and classification of marine vessels. The design will include in- buoy signal processing algorithms for data fusion of the e-field and acoustic sensors to increase probability of detection. System performance metrics will be predicted through simulation.

Applied Thin Films, Inc.
1801 Maple Ave. Suite 5316
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 467-5236
Vikram Kaul
NAVY 09-020      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Enhanced CMC Performance Via Sealant Application
Abstract:High cost and poor environmental performance of CMCs are limiting their deployment in many defense applications. In particular, the JSF platform requires improved durability for a targeted CMC system which is already qualified and in production. Primary motivation for this Phase I effort is to reduce cost. CMCs, although known for their benefits of lightweight and better performance at elevated temperatures, their costs are relatively high compared to metallic counterparts. Cost reduction can be achieved through improved durability or reducing processing steps. Durability is a concern due to high temperature service and harsh environments. Degradation of these CMCs in humid/salt environments is of significant concern to the Navy and this need to be addressed urgently as JSF program advances toward production. In this Phase I project, a sealant application is being proposed to provide protection against pest oxidation at intermediate temperatures during service. The work will be conducted in close collaboration with a defense prime contractor along with other partners for mechanical testing, oxidation modeling, and material suppliers. Critical technical objectives to be addressed in this Phase I project include optimization of the CMC surfaces for better environmental performance and improved reliability along with potentially lowering cost.

KION defense Technologies Inc
1957A Pioneer Rd
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 682-2060
Frank Kuchinski
NAVY 09-020      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Low Cost, Self-Healing EBCs Based on Al- and Zr- Modified Polysilazanes
Abstract:Kion Defense Technologies, Inc. (KDT) has teamed with a composite producer and engine manufacturer to develop and demonstrate the effectiveness of a new Environmental Barrier Coating for SiC-based composites consisting of proven materials, but generated in a simple, lower cost manufacturing approach. KDT will employ its patented polysilazane resin manufacturing process to incorporate Al and Zr heteroatoms into its ceramic precursor (CERASETTM) resins to produce a multi-layer EBC consisting of a unique bond coat/topcoat system. This coating system will be compatible with the underlying composite, can function as a final cycle co-infiltrant in such a composite, and be applied with any simple coating methods, such as spray, dip, spin, or brush. Furthermore, it offers the ability for field repair of engine components on the aircraft.

Synterials, Inc
318 Victory Drive
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-9310
Alan Grieve
NAVY 09-020      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Environmentally Protective Coatings for Ceramic Matrix Composites
Abstract:In order to make ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) into a useful class of materials for fabricating aerospace structures, there are several key issues that need to be resolved. One of these issues concerns the performance of CMC at intermediate-high temperatures. Oxidation of the interface coating used to control the crack deflection properties and other serious issues related to the ingress of moisture can significantly impact the long-term reliability of CMCs. The goal of this program is to develop a low cost, easily applied two-part coating system to both reduce the open porosity and provide an effective oxidation barrier. A simple external sealant is unlikely to provide the long-term protection required for CMCs in operational use. There are a number of issues to be overcome in order for any coating system to be effective. This proposal identifies some of those issues and details an approach for overcoming them.

Advanced Coherent Technologies
4022 Liggett dr.
San Diego, CA 92106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 838-1218
Jon Schoonmaker
NAVY 09-021      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Littoral Zone Characterization Using Merged Multi-Spectral Visible Electro Optic (EO) and Infrared (IR) Imagery
Abstract:dvanced Coherent Technologies, LLC (ACT) proposes to leverage recent ONR projects investigating surf zone dynamics and current programs developing low cost EO/IR imaging systems to show the utility of using an airborne EO/MSI/IR sensor to characterize the near shore and surf zone environments. ACT will utilize recently collected coastal EO/MSI/IR data as well as new data collected by ACT’s new turreted MANTIS 4T sensor (EO/MSI/IR) to demonstrate this utility. The MANTIS 4T sensor is a relatively low cost system composed of zoom video, long wave infrared and 3 band (selectable) multispectral systems integrated into a five inch turret compatible with tier 2 UAV’s (STUAS). Characterization algorithms will be advanced and new algorithms will be developed. Initial consideration will focus on the ‘surf zone index’ developed initially during the ONR ROAR program. The algorithm will be extended to use fused EO/MSI/IR data rather than just MSI as originally published.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 413-0290
J. Williams
NAVY 09-021      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Enhancement of Littoral Zone Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) through Multi-Spectral and Infrared (IR) Image Processing
Abstract:Techniques to retrieve militarily relevant parameters of the nearshore region using panchromatic or single-channel electro-optical (EO) data have been demonstrated. However, airborne sensors are being developed and fielded that collect multi-spectral data and the present-day methods do not take advantage of the added information contained in the multi-channel data. In addition, EO systems are restricted to daylight operations; a limitation overcome by infrared (IR) systems. Therefore, under this Phase I effort, existing data of the littoral zone from multi-spectral and IR imagers will be used to study the improvements for bathymetry and current retrievals using multi-spectral and IR processing compared to results obtained using panchromatic, EO imagery. In addition, a state-of-the art ocean-imaging model will be exercised to determine the expected SNR from observing the ocean surface with a multi-spectral imaging system. The overall objective of this SBIR program is to develop algorithms that utilize multi-spectral and / or IR imagery for enhanced ISR products in the littoral zone.

Technical research Associates, Inc.
P.O. Box 15278
Honolulu, HI 96830
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 926-7179
Edwin Winter
NAVY 09-021      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Littoral Zone Characterization Using Merged Multi-Spectral Visible Electro Optic (EO) and Infrared (IR) Imagery
Abstract:Geopolitical changes over the last twenty years have led to significant changes in the type of warfare that the Navy and the Marines have been asked to undertake. The Navy is increasingly asked to operate in littoral regions, and even riverine areas, leading to new requirements for accurate knowledge of the near-shore bathymetry, bottom type, landing zone trafficability. We propose to investigate the use of existing Navy turret based sensors to supply the needed infrared and multi-spectral data for these missions. We will determine the basic requirements and the utility of several turret based sensors. Then we will determine the feasibility of processing the data with near-shore characterization algorithms. The goal is an operational capability for the navy to support military operations in the near shore and surf zone.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C. Reddy
NAVY 09-022      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Novel techniques for multipath mitigation for airborne Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers
Abstract:US Department of Defense is heavily dependent on the Global Positioning System (GPS) for geolocation, navigation, timekeeping and other military operations. Multipath due to the structure (platform on which the GPS receiver is mounted) scattering can degrade the accuracy of GPS measurements (code and carrier phase) by tens of centimeters. For an airborne platform, reflection or diffraction of the satellite signal from wings, tail, stabilizers or any other large appendage of the aircraft fuselage leads to signal multipath, and these multipath cause biases in code and carrier phase measurements. During this project, we propose to study the performance of two novel adaptive weighting algorithms in the presence of platform generated multipaths. The adaptive weighting algorithms are designed for GPS anti-jam antennas (CRPAs) to null the interfering signals without distorting the satellite signals. We will investigate the performance of the two weighting algorithms in simultaneous nulling of the interfering signals and mitigation of the platform generated multipath. The two weighting algorithms use the knowledge of the in situ antenna manifolds to minimize the distortion of the satellite signals. The sensitivity of the two algorithms to errors in antenna manifold will also be investigated. Our investigation will also include reduced size CRPAs whose foot print is limited to 5" in diameter.

Integrated Adaptive Applications, Inc
2506 NW 19th Way
Gainesville, FL 32605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 378-7549
Yahui Zhu
NAVY 09-022      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Innovative Adaptive Algorithms for Multipath Mitigation and Interference Suppression for GPS Receivers
Abstract:The satellite-based GPS systems are vulnerable to intentional and unintentional interferences. Much work has been done on the development of anti-jam techniques using adaptive arrays for GPS receivers. Almost all of the anti-jam techniques proposed are based on the standard Capon beamformer or its robust variations. To improve the interference suppression performance of broadband jammers and to increase the number of narrowband jammers that can be suppressed, STAP and the related SFAP techniques have been used with beam forming/null steering. Multipath mitigation is another important challenge for GPS receivers. If the multipath time delays are small, the direct and the reflected paths are highly correlated and the multipath can affect the accuracy of the GPS receiver significantly. However, none of the aforementioned adaptive array techniques can work well when the desired signal is highly correlated with its multipath signals. The main objective of this program is to develop innovative techniques for the effective mitigation of multipath effects on airborne anti-jam GPS adaptive antennas. The secondary objective is to develop, test and deliver a software-based simulation capability that realistically simulates a GPS receiver equipped with a small anti-jam GPS antenna array operating in a multipath and interference environment.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C. Reddy
NAVY 09-023      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Assessing Electromagnetic Scattering Properties of Small Boats in Littoral Environments Using Hardware Accelerated Computing
Abstract:The goal of this effort is to provide electromagnetic scattering tools (radar cross section/RCS codes) for small boats in littoral and deep ocean environments. This goal is within the larger scope of developing electromagnetic (EM) modeling and simulation (EMMS) tools for large scale simulations as is the case with boats within their innate environment (a sizeable patch of the surrounding ocean). The major challenge is the numerical size of the problem at hand, and the difficulty of incorporating rough sea effects. Applied EM is proposing state of the art computational tools, incorporating full wave and hybrid techniques that exploit hardware accelerated algorithms. Our approach is to develop a toolset of hybrid (moment method-high frequency) methodologies that function on the latest general purpose graphical processing units (GPGPU) boasting computational speed of 4TeraFlops. This speed has the potential to carry out in core computations for large dense matrices modeling realistic structures by exploiting GPGPU’s parallel architecture. When combined with recent CPU speeds and memory growth, this approach can bring a paradigm change in computational EM (CEM) codes and their utility for design applications.

Tech-X Corporation
5621 Arapahoe Ave, Suite A
Boulder, CO 80303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 473-9286
Peter Messmer
NAVY 09-023      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:ACCESS - ACCelerator for Electromagnetic Scattering Simulations
Abstract:Determining the scattering properties of small boats on a rough sea surface is a problem of high importance to the Navy. The resulting simulations require large amounts of compute time and mechanisms are sought to accelerate them. The demand for highly realistic graphics has pushed graphics processing units (GPU) on video cards to the point where they easily outperform general purpose processors for floating-point operations. The goal of this project is to develop a GPU-based system to accelerate widely used electromagnetic modeling tools. During the Phase I, we will accelerate an out-of-core solver for linear equations on GPUs. We will test this implementation by comparing the results to a trusted simulation code. In addition, we will perform parallel scaling studies, develop a performance model and design a hardware configuration that will enable simulations of interest to the Navy within reasonable time. During the Phase I Option period, we will tune these prototypes and accelerate a parallel iterative solver on GPUs. The goal of the Phase II project is then to tune these algorithms and incorporate them into commercial electromagnetic simulation codes. We will also implement solvers with higher precision in order to accelerate simulations with demand for high accuracy.

Virtual EM Inc.
2019 Georgetown Blvd
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 222-4558
Tayfun Ozdemir
NAVY 09-023      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Hardware Acceleration of Method of Moments (MoM) for Large-Scale EM Scattering Computations
Abstract:Virtual EM is proposing to build a cluster utilizing a commercially available special purpose processor. The proposed system will offer a performance-to-price ratio, which is “five times” better than the leading commercial clusters. Using this cluster and Virtual EM’s 3D Method of Moments simulator, one will be able to accurately model small boats (including the surrounding patch of sea) within a reasonable simulation time and budget. The (performance-to-price) ratio will increase as the number of nodes in the cluster grows due to linear speed-up and the unit price dropping. Phase I will establish benchmarks using a one-node system, and a 10-node prototype cluster will be built in Phase II for modeling realistic targets.

Acentech Incorporated
33 Moulton Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 499-8068
David Bowen
NAVY 09-024      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Improved Close Air Support Effectiveness Through a Noise Cancellation Device
Abstract:The rejection of transient and broadband gunshot noise signals in the presence of speech has the problem that speech is also transient and broadband. Although adaptive filtering and/or matched filter rejection will have some application, additional characteristics that separate gunfire from speech are needed for optimal noise cancellation. This proposal is based on those two features – the difference in directions of gunfire and the talker relative to the handset microphone, and on the closer proximity of the talker relative to the sources of gunfire. These additional features are basic to the proposed approach that uses new, patented technology. This new technology, termed PrivacyFone, employs a small microphone array that emphasizes the talker’s voice signal by taking advantage of the fact that the array is in the near field (acoustic induction field) of the speech and not in the near field of the gunfire. The same array also rejects signals from directions associated with the gunfire. These features, basic to PrivacyFone, provide a way to discriminate against gunfire and enhance the speech signal. Any remnant of environmental noise that remains in the transmitted signal is then further rejected by an adaptive filtering scheme.

Li Creative Technologies
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0048
Peter Li
NAVY 09-024      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Improve Close Air Support (CAS) Effectiveness Through Noise Cancellation Device (NCD)
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to present a novel and promising solution for a noise cancellation device (NCD) that could be easily mounted on the top of military radio’s handsets used by the Joint Terminal Attach Controller/Forward Air Controller (JTAC/FAC) personnel and effectively filter out noise resulting from artillery fire and transmit voice only. To ensure the quality, the proposed device has three noise reduction and cancellation modules. The first one is a microphone array with adaptive beam-forming which utilizes the spatial domain information for noise reduction. The second one is a noise cancellation unit which utilizes the tempore domain information and adaptive filtering technology. The last one is an intelligent noise reduction system especially for military sound reduction which utilizes our speech recognition technology. Since the company has developed three microphone arrays products with noise reduction and cancellation, many of our existing technology, algorithms, software tools, and hardware platforms can be used to this project directly to ensure the success and quick deployment.

SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC.
13619 Valley Oak Circle
ROCKVILLE, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 505-2641
Chiman Kwan
NAVY 09-024      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:A Novel and High Performance Noise Cancellation Device for Battlefield Applications
Abstract:We propose a novel, high performance, and standalone system for improving close air support (CAS) effectiveness. First, we propose a standalone noise cancellation device (NCD) that can be inserted between the handset and the transceiver. As a result, there is no change to the existing communication system. The NCD is self-powered from its own battery and equipped with a microphone and a digital signal processing (DSP) chip to process the signals from the handset mic and the mic in the NCD. Second, in the NCD, we propose to apply blind source separation (BSS) algorithms to untangle speech from background noises. One BSS method is the Independent Component Analysis (ICA) and another method is known as Adaptive Decorrelation Filter (ADF). Our team has applied both ICA and ADF to various applications. Third, since there may still be residual noise after the BSS stage, we propose to apply a fast convergence adaptive filter to further eliminate the residual background noise. The particular adaptive filter was developed by this team some time ago and can at least double the speed of convergence as compared to a conventional adaptive scheme. The proposed algorithms will be implemented in DSP in Phase 2.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0148
Fritz Friedersdorf
NAVY 09-025      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:RFID Based Composite Smart Patches Using Direct Print Strain Sensors
Abstract:Composite patch repair systems have become increasingly relevant to modern military and commercial aviation for repairs of structural damage to aircraft surfaces and structures. A technique is needed to monitor the structural health of these composite patches to ensure structural integrity and safety of the repair without compromising structural performance of the patches. In order to monitor the boding state of the patches throughout their lifetime a method for embedding strain sensing elements directly onto the composite ply used in these patch repairs is sought. Luna, along with teeming partner Robocasting Enterprises LLC, proposes to develop a direct-write process for embedding strain sensors in composite repair patches using conductive inks. A RFID based transducer interface will also be developed and combined with these novel strain transducers to create a Smart Patch platform which enables maintainers to easily read and track the health of composite patch repairs on aircraft structures. Luna has developed extensive expertise in composites, embedded sensing, transducer development, conductive polymers, and integrated structural health monitoring (ISHM) and will leverage this experience to successfully develop the propose Smart Patch system.

MesoScribe Technologies, Inc.
25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 125
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 444-6455
Jason Trelewicz
NAVY 09-025      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Innovation in Strain Sensing and Damage Detection in Composite Repairs using Printed Gages
Abstract:Smart composite repair patches, capable of detecting static strain, is a coveted technology for enhancing the fidelity and cost-effectiveness of composite repairs. Direct Write thermal spray (DWTS) is proposed as an innovative approach for fabricating and embedding strain sensors within multifunctional composites. As a novel processing technology platform, DWTS enables low profile, fine feature patterns, such as strain gages, thermocouples, and crack sensors, to be deposited onto composite laminates and embedded within multilayered structures. These unique features render DWTS highly applicable to providing the necessary strain sensing capabilities for integration with composite repairs. The main objectives during the Phase I and Phase I option are to embed strain sensors within composite layups, and demonstrate their functionality and durability through performance testing. Complementary modeling efforts will focus on optimizing sensor integration with composites. Data acquisition and interrogation solutions will also be identified early-on in the technology development process to further drive the Technology Readiness Level beyond a TRL-5 by completion of the Phase II.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
NAVY 09-025      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Composite Strain Sensing Using Direct-Write Strain Gages(1001-345)
Abstract:In this Phase I program, Triton and its team members are proposing the development of a wireless technique for the health monitoring of composite repair panels as well as other composite structures. A wireless approach is much more compatible with the composite fabrication process, and greatly simplifies the interrogation of a fielded component. This technique can be used to monitor the integrity of a structural component, either manually during routine maintenance, or continually during operation.

Cognitics, Inc
4811 W Fenton
Boise, ID 83714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 919-4598
Kevin Bentley
NAVY 09-026      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Hyper-Elevation Modeling of Terrain, Topography, and Urban Environments
Abstract:Recent advances in technology have exposed enough computing power in easily available hardware that geometry synthesis algorithms that we were previously prohibitively compute-intensive are now a possibility. There is significant untapped potential in this area that has gone underutilized in existing simulation systems. Increasing the realism and accuracy of synthetic environments has become a priority, but current methods of simulating complex terrain features requires manual, labor-intensive systems to generate certain complex terrain features accurately. In this effort, Cognitics proposes to research and define new techniques, algorithms, and methods to simulate complex terrain features and urban environments, and use these techniques to extend existing real-time simulation systems to make them capable of real-time modeling, integration, and interaction with complex terrain features. Cognitics has proven experience working with and developing software for the storage and analysis of geospatial data, computational geometry and 3D visualization systems. Notably, the Principal Investigator for this proposal, Kevin Bentley, is the software architect that designed the Master Database (MDB), currently used by SE Core. In this effort, Cognitics will partner with CAE to enhance the Run Time Publisher (RTP) system allowing it to provide complex terrain models in real-time.

Diamond Visionics LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-8526
Timothy Woodard
NAVY 09-026      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Hyper-Elevation Modeling of Terrain, Topography, and Urban Environments
Abstract:Image Generation systems today currently can not easily represent Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) with unique but important topographical features such as tunnels, overhangs, multi-level highways, etc. These types of features must be hand-crafted in an off-line process with the final static implementation loaded at run-time. All abstract information defining the feature as well as scalability is lost with this approach. In this SBIR, we propose a new approach where the abstraction of this feature data is preserved by creating the scene directly from the abstraction data itself. We will load this topographical feature source data during run-time along with the other source data directly to the scene. This underlying scene will be updated to allow dynamic interaction with these features during a training simulation exercise. We will use an XML-based approach to assemble various types of feature data that is loaded upon at run-time. This XML-based approach will be extended to support the existing military database re-use initiatives, such as NPSI, MSB, CDB and SE Core. This approach allows topographical feature source data to be changed and then re-visualized with no intermediate processing steps.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jing Zhao
NAVY 09-027      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Underwater Vertical Electric Field Detection
Abstract:Underwater electric field detection in the vertical (Z-component) direction is becoming more important in anti-submarine warfare (ASW) to detect and classify marine vessels in addition to the horizontal (X and Y component) plane. Leveraging on our extensive experience on photonic approaches for electric field sensing and RF photonics, AGILTRON proposes to realize a feasible class of vertical electric field detectors under water using Brag gratings, PZT electronic optical materials and other WDM technology. This sensor is passive and compact with a meter-size antenna. Because of the intrinsic electromagnetic immunity of optical fiber, the detected signal can be sent to a distanced center processing terminal insulated from the static electric and electromagnetic fields. In the proposed sensor, the DC and extremely low frequency electromagnetic (ELFE) signals are converted into AC signals. So the sensitivity of the DC and ELFE signals can be improved in this sensor by avoiding 1/f noise. In the Phase I program, we will build a model to simulate the performance of the proposed sensor. At same time, a prototype will be set up to demonstrate its functionality in detecting electric fields. Then a design with its preliminary performance based on ASW requirements will be presented for the Phase II Program.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-2770
Michael Larsen
NAVY 09-027      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Underwater Vertical Electric Field Detection
Abstract:Information System Laboratories, Inc. (ISL) proposes to team with ERAPSCO, a joint venture of USSI and Sparton, the world''''s leading sonobuoy manufacturers, to develop a low-cost underwater E-field sensor capable of collecting all electric field signals emanating from submarines. In particular, a sensor capable of measuring the vertical component of the field in addition to the horizontal components will be developed. This will enable exploitation of all low-frequency electric field signals emitted by submarines and offers new detection modalities that will facilitate vessel classification, discrimination from surface vessel track, and data fusion with acoustic sensors. Data will be collected in Phase I for various floating and on-bottom configurations to validate sensor and noise models and will be used to determine the optimal aperture size and electrode location and make recommendations for an engineering prototype of a compact low-cost three-axis electric field sensor. This information will be used in Phase II to develop and test a prototype sensor with the support of ERAPSCO.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 228-1704
Robert Dickey
NAVY 09-027      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Underwater Vertical Electric Field Detection
Abstract:Acoustic sensing based sonobuoys are used in surveillance for detection and classification of marine vessels. However, there are situations, particularly in littoral environments, where the efficacy of acoustic sensors can be significantly compromised. In these instances, supplementary sensing techniques can provide performance enhancement. Passive electric field (E-field) sensors have the potential to provide useful information for tactical surveillance and classification of marine vessels, but current marine E-field sensors collect only horizontal E-field measurements. A sonobuoy capable of collecting vertical E-field in addition to horizontal components would enable exploitation of all E-field signals emanating from a submerged vessel. QUASAR Federal Systems proposes to develop an innovative underwater E-field sensor appropriate for collecting vertical E-field measurements over a large effective aperture that can be integrated with sensors that measure the horizontal E-field components. The vertical E-field sensor will be a low-cost design suitable for scale-up to mass production. The E-field sensors developed in the present program will be integrated into a standard sonobuoy in Phase II in collaboration with Ultra Electronics Undersea Sensor Systems Inc. (Ultra-USSI). We will also partner with Applied Signal Technology in the present effort to develop algorithms to model the proposed sensor and predict the resulting performance.

Precision Photonics Corporation
3180 Sterling Circle
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 444-9948
Dale Ness
NAVY 09-028      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Optical Coatings for Deep Concave Surface
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR topic is to develop methods to apply robust, high operating temperature anti-reflective coatings, over the wavelength range 3 to 5 microns, to the inside of deep concave surfaces, including a tangent ogive infrared dome. In Phase 1 we will develop methods which control the coating thickness across the interior surface of the dome such that the coating performance is optimized over a wide range of look angles for an IR seeker positioned inside the dome itself. We propose to solve the thickness control challenges by using shadow masking techniques to control uniformity, coupled with 3 dimensional mathematical modeling to predict deterministically the shape of the shadow mask. This approach will save considerable time and expense. We will use Ion Beam Sputtering (IBS) technology to deposit the Anti-Reflective coating on the interior of the dome, (in Phase 1 option and in Phase 2), thereby gaining the benefits of the high energy IBS deposition process. Those benefits include: Amorphous film structure, near bulk density, improved film adhesion, automated deposition process, and environmental stability.

Rugate Technologies, Incorporated
353 Christian Street
Oxford, CT 06478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 267-3154
Thomas Rahmlow
NAVY 09-028      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Optical Coatings for Deep Concave Surface
Abstract:Anti-reflection coating of ogive shaped optics presents a number of technical challenges. The principle challenge is obtaining a uniform high transmission coating on a strongly curved surface. The coating must perform well over a wide range of angles. If the optic is exposed to ambient conditions, it must be resistant to rain and dust impact, as well as rapid changes in temperature. The proposed process is a cylindrical magnetron sputtering source to produce a gradient index anti-reflection film. Efforts in Phase 1 will include the demonstration of high performance anti-reflection film on cylindrical and ogive shaped optics in the mid-IR spectral region.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
NAVY 09-028      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Optical Coatings for Deep Concave Surface
Abstract:Current IR domes utilize hemispherical shapes because they introduce minimal optical distortion and are relatively easy to fabricate. Future missile systems will use domes with more aerodynamic shapes to reduce drag , increase range and decrease aerodynamic heating. Technologies to produce dome blanks of suitable materials, and subsequently fabricated them into aerodynamic shapes with appropriate optical tolerances are being developed. Once such domes are available, they will require anti-reflection (AR) coatings to achieve desired levels of transmission. The exterior surface missile domes are subject to extreme environmental loading during captive carry and high speed flight. For this reason, the preferred configuration is to leave the exterior surface of the dome bare, applying an AR coating only to the interior surface. However, the desired aerodynamic domes have geometries that are difficult to coat using conventional coating processes. Surmet has developed a proprietary coating process which is routinely used to conformally apply coatings to substrates with complicated geometries. This same process has been used to apply AR coatings to a variety of substrates which are similar to the polycrystalline alumina material of interest to this program. Surmet proposes to use this coating technology to apply AR coatings to aerodynamic shapes.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Pulsed Laser Holographic Tomography Velocity Sensor System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for an innovative approach to measure three-component airflow velocity in the vicinity of a full-scale helicopter, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Pulsed Laser Holographic Tomography Velocity Sensor (PLAHTOV) system. The proposed system is based on high-speed, time-sampled full-field double-pulsed laser holographic recording and tomography interferogram processing to generate the instantaneous 3D flow field velocity data. The innovation in the use of double-pulsed laser holographic tomography with the novel use of high-speed real-time holographic recording system will enable the PLAHTOV to measure the three-component airflow velocities of very large flow field. As a result, this sensor system offers high precision data over a continuous full-filed large flow volume without electromagnetic interference (EMI) or intrusion by sensing elements, with high spatial/temporal resolution (2 cm/5 kHz), which directly address the Navy PMA-275 and V-22 Joint Program Office requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of PLAHTOV measurement system by system design, performance analysis, and laboratory experiments leading to a demonstration prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and build a full-scale prototype system to measure the downwash in the vicinity of a helicopter hovering near a vertical face.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gary Mikaelian
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Self-Mixing Laser Anemometer
Abstract:To address the Navy need, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an innovative Self-Mixing Laser Anemometer (SMILA). This proposed system is based on intensity variation due to self-mixing interference in a diode laser cavity. The innovation in assembling three diode lasers in a specific geometry enables SMILA to measure three- component airflow velocity regardless of the relative angle between the laser and the direction of airflow. SMILA uses several individual flow velocity measurement modules mounted on a mast at two different locations away from the volume of interest. Each module measures three-component velocities within a wind cell volume of 200 ft x 160 ft x 2 ft. Consequently, the SMILA system will be capable of concurrently measuring three- component airflow velocities throughout the entire volume of interest (400 ft x 160 ft x 40 ft) with spatial and frequency resolutions of 2 ft and 20 Hz, respectively. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the SMILA system with one velocity measuring module to measure three-component velocities of airflow in a laboratory. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a shipboard-deployable SMILA prototype to be installed and tested in a Navy ship or similar platform recommended by the Navy.

Science and Engineering Services, Inc.
6992 Columbia Gateway Drive Suite 200
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 539-3102
Anand Radhakrishnan
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:V-22 Three-Dimensional (3D) Downwash Measurement
Abstract:Science and Engineering Services. Inc. (SESI) proposes to develop an Aerosol Lidar Velocimeter (ALV) to obtain concurrent three-component wind velocity measurements in the downwash of a rotorcraft operating in shipboard environments. We propose to use a multi-beam lidar system to obtain aerosol backscatter data from the flowfield and to develop a time-lag cross-correlation algorithm to extract three-component velocity measurements. In Phase I, a breadboard prototype will be designed and built to demonstrate proof-of-concept of obtaining velocity measurements from a representative flowfield and the results will be validated using sonic and cup-and-vane anemometers. This breadboard will be used to benchmark the system requirements for the design of an ALV prototype that, in Phase II, will be built and tested on a land-based full-scale test bed, with a helicopter hovering near a vertical face, subject to availability of aircraft. These measurements will be validated by comparing with anemometers and existing test data, along with computational predictions.

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 272-1323
David Hovde
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:V-22 Three-Dimensional (3D) Downwash Measurement
Abstract:The Navy requires measurements of the wake field of helicopters in the vicinity of carrier ships to determine the safe operating envelope for the V-22 and to verify the accuracy of models obtained by computational fluid dynamics. This Phase I SBIR project will examine the feasibility of a laser-based remote sensing technique for recording three dimensional wind fields with high spatial and temporal resolution. A laser beam shines across the flight deck, where some of the light scatters from aerosol particles in the air to a group of at least three optical detectors placed around the measurement region. The motion of the particles encodes information about the wind velocity as a change in frequency of the scattered light. An innovative optical filter converts the frequency information into a signal that is proportional to velocity. The optical filter is simple, inexpensive, and has a wide acceptance angle, permitting the use of fast optics to collect the most light possible. The high signal to noise ratio obtained by this technique allows measurements from stand-off distances of over twenty meters using low-power lasers. Other system features include low electrical power and compact transmitter and receiver assemblies that should facilitate onboard tests.

C2 Technology, Inc.
1950 Stonewood Dr
Beavercreek, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-1198
Garrth Cooke
NAVY 09-030      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Prevention of Corrosion for Navy Aviation
Abstract:Development of the Patrol Aircraft Monitoring System will provide the ability to develop an individual aircraft corrosion tracking and repair schema that will utilize the results from the most recent aircraft inspections, predictive algorithms, and effective graphical interfaces to determine the most effective maintenance activities for an individual aircraft based on inspection results (corrosion damage, its severity and location) and the likelihood of future corrosion damage considering likely basing, deployments, and operational requirements.

GCAS Incorporated
1531 Grand Avenue
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Scott Woodson
NAVY 09-030      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Prevention of Corrosion for Navy Aviation
Abstract:There is a tremendous need to identify and optimize the factors that affect human performance in maintenance and inspection. Innovative solutions that highlight and track corrosion issues are required in order to enhance the maintainer’s ability in the prevention, inspection, removal and treatment of corrosion and information management. This proposal describes an approach utilizing Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Statistical methods that the authors have successfully utilized in predicting the deterioration of Navy ship tank and void services and Army/ Marine Corp wheeled vehicles. In addition, the methods we created for aircraft inspection and data mining of the resulting depot level scoring, induction inspections and maintenance for the Navy and Air Force will also be used in the development of an Aircraft Corrosion Prediction and Simulation software tool. This tool will predict and display the corrosion hotspots on the aircraft as they evolve. The proposed technology should result in substantial decreases in maintenance costs associated with detecting, repairing, and tracking corrosive areas.

Management Sciences, Inc.
6022 Constitution Avenue NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 255-8611
Carl Stern
NAVY 09-030      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Prevention of Corrosion for Navy Aviation
Abstract:Management Sciences, Inc. scientists have developed Cognitive Bayesian Information Exploitation (CBNX), a revolutionary set of algorithms that apply context frames as filters to learn causal relationships needed to understand and exploit the meaning of data. We have applied the CBNX toolset to develop real time situation awareness of the health of aircraft engines, forest fires, and intelligent management of platform electrical power systems. We propose new research and development that will exploit the toolset to develop automated an automated toolset with predictive algorithms and data mining techniques to determine optimal maintenance actions incorporating level, severity, and frequency of corrosion events by aircraft. This new research will apply the toolset to provide automated intelligence data fusion at level 3 “understanding” and expand this to provide stochastic predictive intelligence algorithms for statistically accurate and timely corrosion situation awareness that continually improves.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick Piasecki
NAVY 09-031      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Advanced Design Concepts for High Performance Helicopter Masts
Abstract:Piasecki Aircraft Corporation (PiAC) proposes to develop an innovative approach to substantially upgrade helicopter main rotor shaft designs, materials, and manufacturing processes. A number of design concepts will be addressed and a matrix of coating materials and application methods selected for further examination. A systems engineering analysis on plating material and the application process will be conducted addressing field problems, maintenance requirements, and the dynamic characteristics of the entire drive system, with a design criteria document resulting. With the design criteria established, PiAC will examine the candidate material systems and coating processes in conjunction with an appropriate morphology matrix, leading to the selection of a plating process that will provide at least equivalent performance with today’s cadmium-based coatings, along with durability and reliability improvements. Static and dynamic analysis of the shaft with the selected experimental coating will be conducted and a qualification test plan for Phase II developed. During the Option Phase, PiAC will update and release the design package, develop the statement of work (SOW) and identify the raw material/specimen and coating/application tools to support the Phase II fabrication and test program.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
NAVY 09-031      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Improving the Performance of Navy Helicopter Masts by Using Corrosion-Resistant, Ultra-High-Strength Steel
Abstract:QuesTek will evaluate the feasibility of using Ferrium S53® as the main rotor shaft mast material in Navy helicopters to eliminate the need for toxic cadmium plating, reduce weight and increase toughness (durability), fatigue resistance, general corrosion resistance and SCC resistance. The alloys currently used for Navy helicopter masts (such as 4340 or 9310) provide high strength but offer limited corrosion resistance, and are typically coated (and re-coated during overhaul) with toxic cadmium plating. S53 is a new ultra-high- strength, corrosion-resistant steel developed by QuesTek with its proprietary Materials by Design® development process. S53 is commercially available from two U.S.-based suppliers and has received industry certifications, including SAE (AMS5922) and MMPDS approvals. In applying S53 to rotorshaft masts, QuesTek will specifically investigate processes to harden the surface of S53 shafts above 54 Rockwell C, to accommodate gears, splines, bearings and other hard contact points. QuesTek will also develop additional design data to describe the frictional characteristics of S53 (such as galling and fretting data) to facilitate the design of the contact point and power transmission portions of the rotor shaft mast. The project will also assess the ability of S53 to meet its expected environmental exposure design requirements.

Woodbine Labs, Inc.
10624 Kenridge Dr.
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 891-8792
Richard Ravenhall
NAVY 09-031      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Advanced Design Concepts for High Performance Helicopter Masts
Abstract:This proposal is for development of novel concepts and technology for design and processing of enhanced performance titanium matrix composite (TMC) helicopter masts. Such masts will be capable of drop-in replacement, be highly resistant to corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, have high fatigue capability, be lighter weight, have capability for higher operational requirements, and be affordable. In one concept, the mast consists of a titanium planetary end and a TMC body that extends into a titanium region joining with the rotor/blade housing. In another, the mast consists of a titanium planetary end, a TMC body, a short monolithic titanium zone, a bimetal joint section and a nickel-alloy or steel spline end. Others expand on these. The proposed effort builds on TMC aircraft-engine shaft development/demonstrations and extends this for payoff on helicopter masts. The use of corrosion resistant high strength, high stiffness, TMC architectures and possibly advanced bimetal joining offers the potential for enhanced performance masts. The proposed program will accomplish system designs, trade studies, subelement fabrication/technical experiments and establish feasibility of potential mast designs. Phase II will build and test helicopter mast prototypes to verify manufacturing feasibility and perform static testing to demonstrate functional properties.

Beehive Engineering Systems, LLC
105 Irving Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 833-1421
Allen Razdow
NAVY 09-032      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Innovative Approach to Build and Maintain an Analysis Management System Infrastructure
Abstract:Inability to track design intent, and the flow of parameters across the multiplicity of modeling tools used in engineering, is a significant problem in fleet maintenance, and engineering in general. Beehive will apply its expertise in engineering knowledge management, and proprietary technology for representation and management of engineering measurements and metadata to this problem. Phase I will develop and demonstrate feasibility of metadata models for intent and parameter data flow using the Beehive framework and a companion document store such as SharePoint. User interfaces achieving automatic capture of parametric information will be designed and demonstrated. The Option project will prototype a database implementation of the intended system using one calculation tool to show feasibility of the system''''s interfaces to external tools.

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 652-3190
VC Ramesh
NAVY 09-032      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Computational Analysis Management System Infrastructure
Abstract:A computational analysis management system (CAMS) is different from typical content management systems (CMS)in that a CAMS provides much more in-depth meta-data relating numbers-based documents with each other. Such meta-data should address questions such as who created this document and why; how is this document related to this other document; and so on. Documents in question are generated by analysis tools and hence what we seek are design/application intent to be revealed through automatic tag generation and management. We propose a CAMS infrastructure that addresses these issues.

Fiber Materials, Inc.
5 Morin Street
Biddeford, ME 04005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 282-5911
Benjamin Dwyer
NAVY 09-033      Awarded: 6/4/2009
Title:Nanoporous Thermal Barrier Coatings for Aircraft Structural Surfaces
Abstract:The need exists for a low-density and low-conductivity spray-in-place thermal barrier coating for application to aluminum and composite aircraft surfaces. Fiber Materials, Inc. (FMI®) has a family of commercial thermal barrier systems, designated FlexFram™, which are TRL9/MRL10 Navy-qualified thermal barrier coatings originally developed for protection of ship surfaces from rocket motor blasts of missile launching systems. The objective of this program is to utilize FMI’s Navy-qualified sprayable FlexFram 605 and modify its constituents to achieve the thermal barrier coating specifications desired for this application. Specifically, it is FMI’s goal for the Phase I effort to create a formulation of FlexFram that meets the desired density and thermal requirements, and assess the feasibility of spray application.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Vince Baranauskas
NAVY 09-033      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Spray Depositable High Temperature Nanoporous Polyorganosiloxane Nanocomposite Thermal Barrier Coatings for Aircraft Structural Surfaces
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop spray depositable, environmentally durable nanoporous polyorganosiloxane nanocomposite thermal barrier coatings for protecting aircraft structures from temperatures > 500 oF. The proposed coating technology will serve as a replacement for MIL-PRF-85285 paints and maintain compatibility with MIL-PRF-23377 / MIL-PRF-85582 primers. To meet this challenge, NanoSonic will synergistically combine the low temperature flexibility and environmental durability of its pioneering high temperature hybrid polysiloxane copolymers with the hardness and thermal stability of reinforcing silsesquioxane nanoparticles to afford novel lightweight nanoporous coatings with thermal conductivities < 25 mW/m.K, bulk coating densities < 200 kg/m3 and mechanical durability within aerospace environments. Additionally, NanoSonic’s hybrid polysiloxane coatings will be tailored for spray deposition and curing at room temperature, thermal stabilities > 800 oF and strong adhesion to a broad spectrum of metallic and composite aircraft structures. Importantly, the proposed research effort will build from related high temperature, spray depositable high temperature hybrid polysiloxane coatings developed by NanoSonic that have demonstrated thermal stabilities > 750 oF, exceptional flame resistance per ASTM E 1354, elastomeric resilience and rigorous abrasion resistance.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Aron Newman
NAVY 09-033      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Aerogel Composite Thermal Barrier Coating
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a composite spray-in-place thermal barrier coating system for military aircraft aluminum and plexiglass structural surfaces. This aerogel-polyurea based composite coating system will possess a thermal conductivity of less than 25 mW/m-K at 205oC, have a density of less than 200 kg/m3, and will be capable of protecting the surface from heating by moderate-temperature air up to 260oC. In the Phase I, an aerogel-polyurea coating system formulation will be developed and the thermal conductivity, shrinkage, and mechanical properties will be evaluated. Coating formulation and spray coating equipment will be developed and field test of this coating system will be performed in the Phase II.

Accipiter Systems, Inc.
412 Fox Meadow Drive
Wexford, PA 15090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 933-8895
David Drury
NAVY 09-034      Awarded: 5/8/2009
Title:High-Speed, Low- Power, Highly Integrated, Wide Wavelength Range Tunable Laser for Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) Networks
Abstract:Dense Wave Division Multiplexing (DWDM) optical networks are seen as a leading candidate for data avionic systems communication link needs. Optical burst mode switching uses wavelength addressing, replacing electronic switching. In this project we propose to develop a hybrid burst mode transmitter, able to support at minimum 32 wavelengths and switching between wavelength in 1 nanosecond or less, as an important step toward an ultimate goal of developing an integrated burst mode transceiver.

Aurrion LLC
3914 Via Lucero, Unit G
Santa Barbara, CA 93110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 455-6166
Gregory Fish
NAVY 09-034      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Tunable Silicon Transmitter for Wide Wavelength Range Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) Avionic Networks
Abstract:The goal of this project is to design a widely tunable silicon transmitter for fiber optic communications for avionic applications. By utilizing a silicon photonics platform pioneered at the University of California at Santa Barbara and now developed further at Aurrion LLC, we are able to combine micro-ring resonators fabricated in silicon in conjunction with III-V gain and modulation elements to create a tunable transmitter that can span the entire gain spectrum of a given quantum well structure. In addition, by quantum well intermixing (QWI) in select areas of the III-V material the gain peak can be shifted to provide a bank of 3 to 4 tunable lasers that cover a 100 nm spectral range and to create electro absorption modulators on a single substrate. Aurrion has experience in fabricating lasers, SOA amplifiers, and photo detectors in partnership with high volume Si foundries (Intel) so that these components can be fabricated at greatly reduced cost on a high volume CMOS line. The cost reductions possible with this approach could revolutionize optoelectronics and provide innovative photonic components that cannot be realized with existing stand alone III-V or Si photonic technology.

Freedom Photonics LLC
615 A State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Jonathon Barton
NAVY 09-034      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:High-Speed and Low- Power Widely Tunable Laser for WDM Networks
Abstract:Increasingly sophisticated sensors and video links are being deployed on aircraft which is driving the need for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) optical backbones to support high bandwidth communications. We propose a novel, compact and very fast tuned tunable laser able to survive harsh environmental aerospace conditions.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joshua Sole
NAVY 09-035      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Sub-zero Temperature, Small Form Factor, CO Oxidation Reactor for Decontamination of Pilot''s Oxygen
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Navy’s desire for CO mitigation in the breathing oxygen supplied to aviators. The current onboard oxygen generation system (OBOGS) is ineffective at removing CO from the pilot’s oxygen supply during the take-off procession when the OBOGS is operating at low pressure and ingesting significant amounts of CO from the exhaust of other aircraft. Mainstream believes that the best solution is one that has virtually zero impact on the fluid dynamics of the existing OBOGS. Some CO removal methods require substantial pressure differentials to operate and would require a complete redesign of the OBOGS. Therefore, Mainstream believes that a low-pressure- drop CO oxidation reactor (COOR) that catalytically converts CO to CO2 is the most practical solution. Mainstream has already identified a catalyst that can achieve 100% CO oxidation at temperatures as low as -50°C (-58°F) and will demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed catalyst in Phase I. Mainstream proposes to deposit the catalyst on a polymeric foam that will be the heart of the COOR unit. The COOR is approximately 1.25” in diameter and 4” long and can oxidize all of the CO ingested by the OBOGS prior to its reaching the pilot’s mask.

METSS Corporation
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Robert Kroshefsky
NAVY 09-035      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Elimination of Carbon Monoxide From Pilot’s Breathing Oxygen
Abstract:Naval aviators have a unique problem in that the necessary close proximity of aircraft on a flight deck can lead to high levels of carbon monoxide (CO) in the oxygen supplied by an on-board oxygen generator system (OBOGS). At levels above 100 ppm, the performance of a flight crew can be seriously impaired by CO. Under the proposed Phase I SBIR program, METSS intends to utilize newly developed catalytic technology to quantitatively oxidize any CO in the oxygen supply. The catalyst has already been proven in earlier work and is being commercialized in a few, unique civilian applications. This approach will involve commercial industrial support and thus, if fully successful, provide an effective path to provide the product to the Navy.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Gokhan Alptekin
NAVY 09-035      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:A Compact CO Oxidation System
Abstract:Navy aircraft is equipped with an On-Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS) to supply the pilot and the crew with supplemental oxygen for high altitude operation. However, Navy aircraft are usually closely spaced while waiting for take-off from aircraft carriers, and the jet engine exhaust contaminates the bleed air used to supply oxygen to the pilot and crew. Among the contaminants in the engine exhaust carbon monoxide (CO) is particularly troublesome, and can be present in the OBOGS oxygen supply at concentrations as high as 120 ppmv. TDA Research Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a compact CO oxidation system to be integrated with the OBOGS to eliminate any CO contamination in the OBOGS output. In Phase I, TDA will synthesize and screen several of highly active and durable catalysts for CO oxidation. Using the best catalyst formulation, we will evaluate the durability and long-term activity, testing for a minimum of 400 hrs. Based on the experimental results, we will carry out a detailed design of the catalytic CO oxidation module and generate 3D layouts and engineering drawings to serve as a basis for detailed engineering analysis. In the Option Phase, based on the gas analysis data provided for the OBOGS product, we will evaluate the performance of our catalyst in the presence of potential contaminants (such as SOx, NOx and ozone).

APIC Corporation
5800 Uplander Way
Culver City, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 642-7975
Koichi Sayano
NAVY 09-036      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Add/Drop WDM Avionics Network
Abstract:APIC Corporation, with Telcordia Technologies, will develop and investigate architectures for reconfigurable add/drop mesh networks for avionics with emphasis on connectivity and restorability after node failures. Compact, integrated photonic and electronic transmitter and receiver components being developed by APIC will be used to the extent possible.

Freedom Photonics LLC
615 A State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 893-5707
Milan Mashanovitch
NAVY 09-036      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:Innovative WDM Mesh Micro-network Connection for Avionics Networks
Abstract:We propose a reconfigurable Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) optical node suitable for mesh network connection and capable of providing fast switching speeds, bandwidth-to-weight ratio, with high connectivity, reliability and survivability.

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 420-3486
Charlie Kuznia
NAVY 09-036      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Mesh Network Building Block
Abstract:Single-mode Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexed (DWDM) optical networks are emerging as a leading solution for data communication links in avionic systems. These DWDM networks provide the promise of upgrade capability to hundreds of independent wavelengths over the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) C-band, L-band, and possibly X-band or beyond, each capable of carrying an independent application. One key element for these optical links is a seamless backbone connection which combines a high degree of optical functionality transparency (eliminate or minimize Optical–Electrical- Optical conversions) for signal routing on and off the backbone network and possibly to generate and receive those signals within the backbone network. This proposal marries four key entities coming together to study and solve this problem (1) network simulation expertise, (2) system integrator expertise, (3) fiber-optic hardware/software expertise and (4) fiber-optic integration expertise.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ryan Marotz
NAVY 09-037      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Synapse
Abstract:The Joint Mission Planning System (JMPS) is a software tool used to develop weapons- data load inputs and route plans prior to sortie execution; however, JMPS is notably lacking in real-time, multi-user collaboration features that allow pilots and other planners to better optimize mission plans. To provide reliable collaboration, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes Synapse, a network-aware collaboration component for JMPS, which will enable geographically separated users to exchange mission information in a real-time, bandwidth efficient manner. Synapse will decrease the Navy''''''''s the time- to-plan and increase sortie rates, thus optimizing air group performance and increasing warfighter effectiveness. Synapse will be designed as a software plug-in product that integrates seamlessly into existing and future JMPS software releases.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Bob Hoeft
NAVY 09-037      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Real-Time, Bandwidth Optimized Collaboration Mission Planning Infrastructure
Abstract:Progeny Systems Corporation will design a Network Centric Transactional Collaboration Framework which focuses on change detection for existing JMPS-N data transactions, layered on top of communication layers for efficiently sharing these transactions with JMPS-N instances at geographically disperse locations – potentially over constrained networks. The intent of this effort is to have minimal impact on the existing JMPS architecture and data structures. Our goal is to develop context-aware plug-ins for specific data types. Each plug-in contains enough knowledge of the supported data type to enable change detection and integration at each collaboration endpoint. Progeny will assess the structure and format of specific JMPS-N data types, prioritized by the customer, to validate their applicability to be supported by this framework – as well as design the specific mechanisms (key attributes, unique mission plan identifiers) which would be used to enable transactional collaboration of those data.

Rep Invariant Systems, Inc.
23 Upland Rd. #2
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 233-6109
Jeremy Brown
NAVY 09-037      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Real-Time, Bandwidth Optimized Collaboration Mission Planning Infrastructure
Abstract:The Joint Mission Planning Software (JMPS) is aviator planning software used by the US Navy (among other forces) to plan aerial missions. Current versions of JMPS do not support multi-operator, multi-client collaborative mission development. In this proposal, Rep Invariant Systems presents a high-level technical approach for adding collaborative mission development capability to JMPS, thus creating a Collaboration-Enabled JMPS (CEJMPS) system. In a Phase I effort, we propose to revise, refine, and detail this strategy, ensuring that each element is feasible in practice. In a Phase I Option effort, we propose to prototype key elements of the strategy, and begin additional human factors evaluations. In our approach, we pay particular attention to the need to collaborate over low-bandwidth networks, without reliable access to centralized services on the Global Information Grid. We also pay careful attention to the need to address human factors when adding additional capabilities to JMPS.

5-D Systems Inc.
1 Chisholm Trail, Suite 3200
Round Rock, TX 78664
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 238-9840
Steve Fendley
NAVY 09-038      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Unmanned Operation of Fly-by-wire Testbed Aircraft
Abstract:This project will evaluate the feasibility of developing a system to convert an existing, manned, non-mechanical, fly-by-wire (FBW) aircraft into a remotely-controlled, optionally- piloted vehicle (OPV). The capability to implement high-performance, tactical-envelope military aircraft as remotely-controlled testbeds is a critical capability for the military to enable low-risk development and operational testing of avionics and weapons systems in a safe, yet realistic manner. 5-D Systems’ (5-D) approach is to supplement the aircraft’s FBW flight control system with a high-level control capability that mimics the pilot’s inputs while the aircraft’s FBW system handles lower level control and actual movement of the control effectors and surfaces. This approach results in a fully-capable OPV system because there will be no impact to manned operation, no software modification to the existing system, and limited OPV-specific airborne components, thereby providing an innovative, low cost solution to FBW OPV development. By combining 5-D’s experience in developing OPV systems and Gauss Management Research and Engineering’s (GMRE) F- 16 and FBW-specific design/support knowledge, 5-D plans to confirm the system feasibility by developing a preliminary design that converts an existing FBW aircraft into an effective OPV to meet the Navy requirement for safe and realistic avionics and weapon system testing.

AeroMech Engineering, Inc.
888 Ricardo Ct
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 503-4304
Robert Miller
NAVY 09-038      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Unmanned Operation of Fly-by-wire Testbed Aircraft
Abstract:Optionally piloted tactical testbed aircraft could enable high risk weapons flight tests. Fly- by-wire aircraft like the F-16, F/A-18, and F-117 offer the best retrofit conversion candidates. A FlexRay based vehicle management system will provide a low cost, frame synchronous, redundant, and highly reliable interface to the existing digital flight control system. An intelligent, learning flight control law module will allow greater flexibility, adaptability and reliability than traditional classic control schemes. The SharkFin ground control station (GCS) will provide a next generation user interface that is uniquely tailored to optionally-piloted vehicle operations. SharkFin is the state-of-the-art: this real-time, many-on-many, intuitive, STANAG 4586 compliant UAV control system will be modified for OPV operation, enabling operators with minimal training to take full advantage of the aircraft’s autonomous capabilities.

Calspan Corporation
4455 Genesee St P.O. Box 400
Buffalo, NY 14225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 631-6962
Eric Ohmit
NAVY 09-038      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Unmanned Operation of Fly-by-wire Testbed Aircraft
Abstract:This program will apply Calspan’s innovative methods to develop a low cost architecture and system to create an Optionally Piloted Vehicle (OPV) from a previously manned Fly- by-Wire (FBW) fighter aircraft. This OPV’s primary use will be as a test bed in support of the Navy for the development of avionics, weapon and advanced seeker systems. This OPV could be used in an unmanned mode to flight test systems which have not yet been ‘man-rated’ without placing the pilot at risk. The innovative method which Calspan will employ on this project allows the remote control of a FBW aircraft without the modification of the legacy flight control system. The system identified will utilize a basic ground control station, coupled with a spread spectrum datalink and video downlink, and an on aircraft interface to the legacy flight control system to allow the remote control of a previously manned FBW aircraft. Tradeoffs for system redundancy, complexity, ruggedization and safety will be made to establish the lowest cost approach to create the OPV. An approach to creating a system for a Phase 2 flight demonstration is also identified.

Applied Optical Systems, Inc.
1700 Capital Avenue, Suite 50
Plano, TX 75074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(903) 561-6011
Richard Laughlin
NAVY 09-039      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Multichannel Fiber Optic Package Interface for Avionics
Abstract:Applied Optical Systems (AOS) has a design concept for a family of “DENSE-HIGH TEMP FIBER INTERFACE” fiber feed-throughs, compatible with the Small Form Factor SFF Opto- Electronic packages. The feed-throughs are both un-connectorized and connectorized. These feed-through will provide a 250 micron pitch while attaining a > 10^-9 Hermitic seal and withstand temperatures greater than 225C. In addition they will withstand the rigorous shock and vibration encountered in the Avionics environment. This family includes 3 specific feed-throughs: 1.) A 12 Fiber Single-Mode (SM) or Multi-Mode (MM) feed through is offered with < 0.5 dB insertion & -55 dB back reflection. 2.) Connectorized 12-fiber SM feed through < 0.5 dB insertion loss and -55 dB back reflection. Dim, 10 mm dia. x 4 mm thick or linear array, 1.5 mm pitch, 16 mm x 6 mm x 4 mm package. The linear package may be attached at the front on combined with the electrical connections at the back of the SFF package for a pluggable module that includes the fiber connections. 3.) Connectorized 12-fiber MM fiber feed through insertion loss < 0.5 dB; a back reflection < - 20 dB. package dim. 5 mm dia. x 3 mm.

nanoPrecision Products, Inc.
411-B Coral Circle
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 597-4991
David Cohen
NAVY 09-039      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Multichannel Fiber Optic Package Interface for Avionics
Abstract:nanoPrecision Products (nPP) proposes development of a new family of hermetic multi- fiber feedthrough subassemblies, for Navy and commercial applications by utilizing a proprietary nano-scale metal stamping process which can achieve nanometer scale tolerances with high repeatability and very low cost. This process can manufacture revolutionary low cost, high density metal termini transmission solutions for fiber optic signals. nanoPrecision Products is pioneering the development of a nano-precision stamping process for metal components with a goal of ± 100 nm form tolerances by combining deterministic micro-grinding (DMG) with computerized modeling, metrology, and optimization of fundamental process materials and mechanics – no such capability exists today

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 652-0009
Richard Pommer
NAVY 09-039      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Multichannel Fiber Optic Package Interface for Avionics
Abstract:This program will develop a robust, low-cost multi-fiber optic array feedthrough subassembly, and related materials and manufacturing processes, for avionic fiber optic transceivers. The goal is a system for creating fiber array connectors suitable for multi- mode fiber (MMF) and single-mode fiber (SMF) active components.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1333
Geoffrey Burnham
NAVY 09-040      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Automated Fiber Optic Cleaner for Aerospace Connector Maintenance
Abstract:Present fiber connector cleaning methods and systems have a high fail rate with an unacceptable level of uncertainty as to the effectiveness of the application. Fast and effective cleaning of fiber optic connectors remains a challenging task due to the high susceptibility of communication fibers to blockage by particles in the ambient. Agiltron proposes to develop a novel fiber optic cleaning system based on a state-of-the-art synthetic adhesive material of unprecedented contaminant grabbing capability and incorporated into an established swab cleaning mechanism to produce the most effective connector cleaner for aviation maintenance. This device will offer the salient advantages of complete contamination pick-up capability, dry process without the using solvents, application to all surfaces: wet or dry, smooth or rough, hard or soft, no residue left on surfaces, good for multiple applications, and convenient hand operation without electrical power. Phase I will focus on the feasibility of the proposed cleaning system. In Phase II a practical cleaning system will be developed to meet all Navy requirements.

Energid Technologies
124 Mount Auburn Street Suite 200 North
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 401-7090
James English
NAVY 09-040      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Robotic Fiber Optic Connector Cleaner
Abstract:Energid Technologies proposes a robotic fiber optic cleaner that will perform better and faster than current methods. The cleaner will quickly remove contaminants from any number of termini in a MIL-STD-38999 style connector, using a small manipulative device to clean, algorithmically inspect, and reclean if necessary. It will work with both the male and female sides of each terminus, with multimode and single-mode fibers. Multiple key technologies are brought to this effort. The first is a cleaning process based on time- proven techniques and designed for automatic application. The second is an innovative robotic design, a mechanical system that will implement the cleaning process robotically. The third is powerful control software. Energid will leverage its Actin software toolkit for controlling the mechanical system and building the human interface. The fourth key technology is advanced machine vision. Energid will leverage its Selectin machine vision toolkit for inspecting termini to enable repeatable, reliable cleaning performance and also provide secondary benefit by identifying termini with fractures and other defects. The proposed system will work rapidly, give better cleaning results, reduce the risk of foreign object damage, and also detect needed repairs. It will increase the usability and reliability of Navy aircraft.

Linden Photonics Inc.
270 Littleton Road, Unit #29
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 392-7985
Stephen O''''Riorden
NAVY 09-040      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Automated Fiber Optic Cleaner for Aerospace Connector Maintenance
Abstract:Linden Photonics proposes a novel approach to cleaning a connector endface. In our design we will use a newly developed adhesive technology that will be pressed against the face of the connector and removed without wiping across the endface and thus reducing the chance of a cleaning related pit or scratch. This design will have significant advantages over traditional cleaning methods including Teflon type tape and will be designed to small and compact so as to fit in tight spots and be highly portable. The Navy seeks an innovative approach to address this maintenance issue and reduce the total ownership costs for current and future aircraft with fiber optic cable plants. Target speed is 1 to 5 seconds per terminus averaged over a multi termini (e.g. MIL-STD-38999 style) connector with ten to thirty male and matching female termini and 99% efficacy or higher so that inspection post cleaning is not required. The goal is to achieve a complete cleaning of a fully populated plug and receptacle in 5 minutes. The cleaning equipment must be field deployable and hand held.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Advanced antennas for air vehicle flight test evaluation.
Abstract:Through this program, FIRST RF will apply a proprietary antenna technology already in qualification for a specific Low Observable (LO) weapons system. This technology promises to dramatically reduce the cost and complexity of the design and manufacture of conformal antennas for weapons systems and other airframes. FIRST RF proposes a UHF-FTS antenna, combined S- and C-Band aperture, and a novel L-Band antenna for LINK-16. The proposed Phase I program is a feasibility study of applying this antenna technology to these three antennas. However, the technology can be readily applied to other antennas for other functions. Part of the Phase I process will be to explore other applications for the technology. We anticipate a significant reduction in the cost of weapons systems due to a reduction in the cost of antennas.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Bradley Davis
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Advanced Concepts and Material Solutions for Conformal Antennas
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will be used to demonstrate advanced simulation, materials and fabrication processes for conformal antennas enhanced by the addition of substrates and superstrates with customized permittivity, permeability and through the application of metamaterials. To accomplish this task, NanoSonic has created a team with a unique combination of engineers, chemists and materials scientists capable of design, simulation and production of this product. In Phase I NanoSonic would consult with the antenna group of a major defense contractor in designing a multiband metamaterial enhanced antenna for conformal implementation on Navy platforms. NanoSonic would also examine antennas for conformal application using processes that are related to those used to create Metal Rubber™ and a unique inkjet patterning process for antenna fabrication. Unlike sputter coating, Metal Rubber™ materials can be applied to severe doubly curved surfaces without de-bonding or cracking. Finally, unique customized permeability substrates would be developed, constructed and tested. The NanoSonic PI is antenna engineer with many years experience in both hardware implementation and simulation software construction. In creating and simulating the design, NanoSonic would leverage current programs in computational electromagnetics to perform detailed simulations of the antenna.

Rock West Solutions, Inc.
8666 Commerce Avenue
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 568-8057
Keith Loss
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Advanced antennas for air vehicle flight test evaluation.
Abstract:When flight testing missiles and other high performance vehicles, flight instrumentation antennas are required to support telemetry, data link, flight termination systems (flight safety), and tracking beacons. Integration of these antennas onto the test missiles creates challenges with respect to modifying their aerodynamic characteristics (drag) and radar cross section (RCS). Rock West Solution proposes new, advanced technology, low profile and conformal antennas made from materials that can withstand the high temperatures of high speed vehicles. These antennas can be configured to provide similar gain and pattern characteristics as their commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) counterparts, while have significantly lower impacts on drag and RCS. Our proposed concepts include antennas that can be easily adapted to curved contours of aerodynamic bodies. Bolt-on and bonded antennas are investigated, with the primary trade-offs being between integration complexity, cost and performance.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Patanjali Parimi
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Ultra Wideband Advanced Antenna Systems for Air Vehicles (1000-120)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes to leverage its expertise in conformal wideband antenna systems and magnetic and printed resistive materials to develop wideband conformal antenna systems operating from UHF to C-band. SI2’s proposed concept is to utilize its Direct Write and Laser Transfer conformal manufacturing technology and a novel wideband antenna concept. The resulting conformal, wideband, low profile antenna system will be platform independent and be capable of deployment on a number of DoD platforms to increase their performance capabilities. In the Phase I program I2 will demonstrate the performance of the wideband conformal antenna system through state- of-the-art modeling and simulations. The follow-on Phase II program will refine the design and develop a wideband antenna prototype. Testing of the prototype will validate the simulation and the conformal antenna system performance capabilities.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Andrew Richen
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Advanced antennas for air vehicle flight test evaluation.
Abstract:The utility of precision strike weapon flight testing is critically dependent on the use of fleet-representative test articles. The Navy has a need for a suite of flight test antennas that allow communication with the weapon under test without impacting the weapon’s aerodynamic or observability characteristics. Toyon proposes to design a suite of antennas for operation of flight termination, Link 16, S-band telemetry, and C-band transponder/beacon systems on strike weapons. The proposed antenna suite will mount conformally to the airframe, and will be designed for use on highly survivable platforms. Toyon will build and test an electrically representative prototype antenna during the Phase I effort, and will construct flight-ready antennas during Phase II.

Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Rand Dannenberg
NAVY 09-042      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Metamaterial Countermeasure and Defeat Program (MCDP)
Abstract:There is an urgent need for the modeling of Metamaterials and the identification of countermeasures. Metamaterials with novel properties have been shown theoretically to provide enhanced capabilities for controlling optical, RF, and acoustic signatures and for creating novel devices. This presents potential opportunities for, and threats to, existing naval systems that depend on reflected energy signals to locate and track targets by creating effective cloaking materials. The properties of materials needed to cloak objects can be realized in principle with engineered composites, or Metamaterials. However, it is not yet known how well these materials can be realized and thus to what degree this new material design paradigm may impact naval systems. The Metamaterial Countermeasure and Defeat Program (MCDP) will use advanced techniques for the creation of metamaterials to identify and create defeat mechanisms against theses new threats. The MCDP models will result in new metamaterials that will be used to develop these next generation systems that are feared by many governments. Current metamaterial research methods will be used to predict potential characteristics and capabilities. These models will be fabricated into working systems for characterization and testing to determine effective tactics or countermeasures.

SensorMetriX
10211 Pacific Mesa Blvd., Suite 408
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 625-4458
Anthony Starr
NAVY 09-042      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Performance of EM and Acoustic Metamaterial Applications
Abstract:SensorMetrix will analyze electromagnetic and acoustic cloaking methods as implemented by metamaterial concepts. Possible counter methods to defeat cloaks will be identified and evaluated. Further it is proposed to assess the potential applications of a acoustic- and electromagnetic metamaterials in future Navy battlespaces.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Keith Higginson
NAVY 09-042      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Countermeasures for Acoustic Cloaking(1001-346)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. responds to the US Navy need to model and assess the potential threat of acoustic cloaking to avoid sonar detection by the Navy. We will address the Navy need to both address the potential threat, estimating whether acoustic cloaking technology would be feasible within a 5 to 10 year time frame, and to develop suitable countermeasures for the defeat of cloaked objects. On this Phase I program we will focus on acoustic cloaking of submarines against ASW sonar detection and on countermeasures against successful acoustic cloaking.

Fifth Gait Technologies
5531 Somerset Dr.
Santa Barbara, CA, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 964-1496
Kathryn Doughty
NAVY 09-043      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:DIRT: Downhill Image Reconstruction Technology
Abstract:We propose to to provide high quality imaging in turbulent air. Our focus on the well- defined problem of downhill imaging promises to yield marked improvement in image quality. The imaging geometry addressed is directly applicable to UAV-based viewing, as well as to extended range surveillance from an elevated observation point. A combination of digital processing and modern hardware enabling real time processed imagery is expected to provide significant improvements over existing state of art capabilities based on high speed camera systems. We have identified specific modifications to existing algorithms that are well understood, fast, and easily hosted in present computing environments. The modified algorithms are combined them with a novel image metric that supports dynamic focus, is adaptable to specific imaging problems and easily applied computationally. These elements will be organized into a processing pipeline tailored for exactly this category of imaging in real time. Based on our recent experience on the DARPA SRVS project and other activities, we believe a streaming image processing (SIP) system is feasible with current hardware, invaluable to the user and superior to processing schemes that require time delay.

Level Set Systems
1058 Embury Street
Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 573-9339
Susan Chen
NAVY 09-043      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:Advanced algorithms for super-resolution optics for tactical sensors
Abstract:We shall develop state-of-the-art algorithms and software to rapidly restore degraded videos and images where the nature of the degradation is not well detailed. We shall use revolutionary new mathematical techniques involving total variation and nonlocal total variation blind restoration and oversampling, compressive sensing, Bregman iteration, graph cuts and fast nonlocal filtering.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Robert Weisenseel
NAVY 09-043      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:Super-resolution Image Metrics and Model-based Distortion Inversion for Turbulence
Abstract:SSCI and AER propose a novel model-based approach that aims to exploit the best concepts from current super-resolution methodologies to achieve real-time super- resolved video imaging: model-based inversion image reconstruction, image quality metrics for "lucky image" selection, and (an-)isoplanatic distortion models. Our aim will be to select models and methods in Phase 1 that are most likely to be transitionable to inexpensive, lightweight, highly-parallelized Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) in Phase 2 for real-time processing. High resolution imaging of terrestrial targets and scenes at very long ranges from aerial or ground-based imaging platforms can be hampered by distortions of the optical paths from heat- and wind-induced turbulence and haze. Such distortions impact the fundamental diffraction limit of the overall optical system from scene to focal plane array and can make it challenging to resolve targets. However, most existing model-based methods for super-resolution are highly dependent on known or easily estimable blur models and do not extend easily to distortions from anisoplanatic atmospheric turbulence. Also, "lucky imaging" methods, which select particularly high- quality images or subimages from very high-data rate streams, can require specialized high-data rate cameras, significant real-time computation rates, and are not likely to be suitable for low-light applications where signal-to-noise ratios for short duration pixel integrations can be very low.

Galorath Incorporated
100 North Sepulveda Blvd. Suite 1801
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 365-6570
Lee Fischman
NAVY 09-044      Awarded: 6/12/2009
Title:Early Stage Affordability Assessment Tool Development
Abstract:Early stage naval costing is a very difficult process, owing to the complexity of naval systems, immaturity of technologies, requirements and design volatility, and a challenged industrial base. Despite or even due to this, an integrated approach is desired that can capture both the costs and various benefits of competing ship concepts, from acquisition through operations and sustainment, from directly within the Navy’s software-driven design platform. Galorath Incorporated intends to develop an intelligent interface between a configurable set of cost models and Navy design and concept tools. The connection will facilitate automated costing not only with Galorath’s widely used SEER Hardware and Manufacturing cost systems, but by any costing approach, including ones already in use. Analysts will be enabled with access to sophisticated and appropriately chosen cost estimates directly from within their core ship concept and design platform, consistent with the inclusive design philosophy of those tools.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Patrick Cahill
NAVY 09-044      Awarded: 6/12/2009
Title:Ships Lifecycle Affordability Model (SLAM)
Abstract:Early design stage cost modeling tools in use by the Navy typically ignore lifecycle and sustainment costs, as the acquisition community functions separately from the operations community and with a completely separate budget. Recently, congressional committees and Navy senior management (civilian and uniformed) have recognized that there is a wide disparity between purchasing what you can afford, and then affording what you purchase. This gap between acquisition, production and operations needs to be addressed as early as possible through innovative and modern approaches to ship cost estimating, effectively eliminating the term ship design cost estimate and replacing with ship lifecycle affordability model. Knowledge Based Systems Inc. (KBSI) proposes to incorporate a systems dynamics approach to cost modeling, effectively combining discrete, linear, and hierarchical cost estimating methods with non-linear system dynamics modeling tools that account for variables that influence producibility and sustainability and change over time or refine themselves based on the current state of other influencing variables. This system dynamics approach to a Ships Lifecycle Affordability Model (SLAM), combined with production based, rather than systems based, early stage models will create visibility of cost drivers and potential cost drivers that currently remain hidden using existing cost estimating tools and methodologies.

CalRAM, Inc.
2380 Shasta Ave, Suite B
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 844-7823
Dave Ciscel
NAVY 09-045      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Lattice Block Structures for Missile Structural Components
Abstract:Lattice Block Structures (LBS) are used to produce parts with higher specific stiffness than a solid but are difficult to produce. Electron Beam Melting (EBM)technology is capable of building LBS in a variety of configurations directly from a computer file using much thinner and stronger ligaments or wall sizes than cast LBS. EBM LBS are lighter, can be produced faster, and in more complex shapes than conventionally produced LBS. The flexibility of EBM allows a designer to tailor properties in orientations as needed and still reduce component weight. EBM titanium LBS are ideal for Naval applications as the material is extremely resistant to corrosion.

Transition45 Technologies, Inc.
1963 North Main Street
Orange, CA 92865
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 283-2118
Edward Chen
NAVY 09-045      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Aerospace Grade Lattice Block Structures for High Performance Missile Structures
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project evaluates and develops a robust design and affordable manufacturing process for producing aerospace quality and strength lattice block structures (LBS) from high temperature metallic materials that are suitable for Navy missile airframe applications. At the present such a design and production method does not exist. A key benefit for using conventional metals such as superalloys and titanium alloys is that these are established high temperature materials for which designers are comfortable in using given the extensive properties database that exists. High temperature titanium alloys, in particular, are considered a key class of materials that could enable lighter weight missiles. Lattice block structures made using high temperature intermetallics such as titanium aluminides should also be possible with the technology proposed here. The technology to be developed in this work is an extremely flexible yet cost-effective fabrication process that will be applicable for both limited and volume production of missile components.

Raman Systems, Inc.
3007 Longhorn Blvd Suite 105
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 719-9900
Richard Clarke
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Raman Sensor for Underwater Explosive Detection
Abstract:We propose to develop a compact, marine-deployable chemical sensor for the underwater detection of explosives using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). SERS is a well known tool for chemical identification down to the single molecule level of sensitivity that provides some unique advantages for the present topic. These include application to aqueous environments, sensitive to all classes of explosives (nitro, peroxide, etc), proven trace detection capability in water, and no sample preparation or extraction required. For these reasons we propose to investigate the potential for developing a compact SERS unit in a configuration consistent with the size, power, and other specifications required to allow utilization with the Navy HULS and DHINS programs. In order to provide the optimum sensitivity for trace explosive detection we plan to utilize an integrated gold sol-gel detector, a design based on the Company’s proprietary sol-gel SERS technology. In principle, any explosive agents or their residue in seawater that comes in contact with the sol-gel sampling surface will be detectable via a characteristic vibrational signature of that analyte. We expect that the full range of explosive contaminants which might be potentially encountered in the marine environment will be amenable to this approach.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 880-4195
Edward Knobbe
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Compact, Lightweight Chemical Sensor for Underwater UXO Detection
Abstract:The proposed project will focus on the development of an ultra-sensitive chemical trace detector for underwater unexploded ordnance (UUXO) detection. The envisioned technology is suitable for diver and/or unmanned underwater vehicle deployment.

SubChem Systems, Inc.
65 Pier Road
Narragansett, RI 02882
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 783-4744
Scott Veitch
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Compact, Lightweight Chemical Sensor for Underwater Explosive Ordnance (EOD) Application
Abstract:SubChem Systems Inc. has been involved in the further development, deployment and commercialization of autonomous in-situ chemical analyzers and custom engineered payloads since 1996. SubChem Analyzers have been deployed on commercial AUVs, coastal gliders, autonomous moored vertical profilers, fixed moored structures and other ocean observation platforms. The overall objective of this funding will be to provide a conceptual design of a Diver held chemical sensor capable of sensing chemical/explosive signatures focusing on nitro-based explosives. The requirements needed of the sensor for integration to the DHINS, HULS and BULS systems will also be documented. SubChem Systems maintains the expertise to provide an assessment of several chemical sensing techniques which may be applicable to the sensing of explosives underwater to be applied to the conceptual design. SubChem is currently developing a Miniature Chemical Sensor, ChemFIN, for the detection of trace levels of explosives and other target chemicals. This sensor couples a unique micro-fluidic technology providing a low cost, low power, and platform independent architecture. Funding from this Phase 1 effort will produce a conceptual adaptation to a Diver Held ChemFIN. This variant will incorporate an applicable sensing technology for localization and classification of nitrate-based (TNT,DNT) and potentially peroxide-based (TATP,HMTD) chemical/explosive mixtures.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Edward Geraghty
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Underwater Explosive Sensor(1001-341)
Abstract:Currently divers optically inspect suspicious devices. Due to water turbidity and the innate potential danger from explosive devices, the inspection process is extremely slow and dangerous. Triton Systems proposes to develop an underwater chemical sensor that can detect and identify explosive chemicals in seawater. The proposed sensor system will be able to detect explosive concentrations at 10 ppb or less, have a low false alarm rate, conduct measurements in real-time, and be able to be packaged into either a handheld unit, or as a component on a UUV. During the Phase I effort, Triton Systems will demonstrate the sensor’s capabilities with a bench-top model. In Phase II, a compact model will be built and demonstrated either with divers, or on a UUV.

Kubota Research Associates
100 Hobson Drive
Hockessin, DE 19707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 683-0199
Masanori Kubota
NAVY 09-047      Awarded: 6/17/2009
Title:Innovative Weight Reduction Concepts for Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs)
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop and innovative sandwich composite material used to manufacture component parts and/or the hull for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) to reduce the weight and increase operational effectiveness. The composite structure includes an inner layer of high tenacity polyarylate LCP long fiber reinforced ionomer. The reinforced resin is extrusion molded directly into a monocoque hull structural shape using an open sheet flow molding process. The middle layer is a lightweight PVC foam core with carbon fabric face sheets for rigidity and high mechanical performance. The outer layer is consolidated plies of polyarylate LCP fabric reinforcement ionomer composite that are highly abrasion and chemical resistant. The outer layer greatly increases the impact resistance of the sandwich. The multiple layers are injection molded with vinyl ester resin under vacuum to consolidate the lightweight dual skin composite sandwich. The Phase I program will produce test coupons and measure the mechanical performance of the sandwich compared to current USV materials for weight reduction, cost and manufacturability. The Phase I Option will calculate the optimum composite sandwich construction for mechanical, physical, weight, cost and manufacturing to prepare for Phase II scaleup.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Roger Storm
NAVY 09-047      Awarded: 6/17/2009
Title:Manufacture of Light Weight Corrosion Resistant Ti-6Al-4V Deck Components for USVs Using Very Low Cost Raw Materials in a Rapid Manufacturing Process
Abstract:The Navy has a need to reduce the weight of unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) to improve their operational efficiency. Many of these vessels have an Al hull and supporting structures. While Al alloys have a low density, their strength is very low. The high strength to weight ratio of titanium alloys such as Ti-6Al-4V (Ti64) would allow a significant reduction in thickness which would translate to a significant weight savings. However, the cost of Ti64 structures produced by conventional manufacturing is prohibitively high. In this program, MER will establish the value of manufacturing Ti64 deck components by the PTA additive manufacturing process, resulting in a weight savings of >600 lb. Rather than using commercial Ti64 welding wire at a cost of $60/lb as the feed stock for the PTA process, MER will utilize a very low cost powder derived from Ti sponge powder at a cost of

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard Claus
NAVY 09-047      Awarded: 6/17/2009
Title:Metal Rubber™ Replacements for Conventional Metal Materials in USVs
Abstract:This SBIR program would demonstrate the feasibility of replacing heavy metal materials and components onboard unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) with equivalent materials and components fabricated using lightweight Metal Rubber™. Metal Rubber™ is a self- assembled nanocomposite material with an electrical conductivity on the order of that of bulk copper (107 S/m). Its mass density (1 g/cc) is much less than that of copper (8.96 g/cc), steel (8 g/cc) or aluminum (2.7 g/cc). Replacing copper or other bulk metal components onboard USVs with Metal Rubber™ thus may result in a weight savings of between 90% for copper to 60% for aluminum. During the Phase I program, NanoSonic would work with input from a major ship systems manufacturer, and design, fabricate and analyze the properties of representative structural, electrical, RF shielding and thermally conductive materials based on Metal Rubber™ materials. Materials large enough to be representative of full-size USV structures would be produced and tested. These hardware test articles will allow a direct calculation of the total weight savings possible by replacing conventional metals with Metal Rubber™. Technical specifications and weight savings would be used to downselect optimal development paths during a possible Phase II program in cooperation with that ship system manufacturer

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4630
Devendra Tolani
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Step Frequency Time Domain Reflectometry for Distributed Temperature Sensing
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc (IAI) is partnering with Boeing to develop an innovative distributed temperatures sensor based on Electrical Time/ Frequency Domain Reflectometry. The core idea is the development of a simple, practical, yet robust electrical equivalent of Fiber Braggs Grating using thermistor based frequency tuned circuits. The step frequency Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR) is used for generating input signals using Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS). These input signals are fed into an appropriately temperature rated coaxial cable (which traverses the entire span of the cryostat to be monitored) with single ended access and minimum attenuation. On this coax cable are frequency tuned thermistor circuits that respond only to certain frequencies. The cryogenic narrow band pass filters are designed to admit only a narrow band of frequencies. Essentially at any given time the step frequency TDR interrogates only a particular thermistor element of the circuit. The use of electrical rather than optical methods allows use of materials and components that have been thoroughly tested at cryogenic temperature, reducing risk. We plan to leverage several key technologies (Time Domain Reflectometer, Step frequency Radar) developed under other ongoing programs at IAI, thus further mitigating the technical risks.

Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc.
575 McCorkle Blvd.
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 891-2243
Philip Swinehart
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Temperature Sensors for Long Cryogenic Thermal Paths
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses damage prevention in high temperature superconducting power transmission lines, motors, generators and other specialized equipment that are now being deployed. Even though high temperature superconductors can operate up to 77K or higher, most equipment is operated at lower temperatures to obtain a safety factor to prevent overheating or magnetic field-induced quenching. Superconductor lengths from tens of meters to many km may be involved. If hot spots develop, causing the conductors to rapidly revert to their resistive states, the local heating increases and propagates the fault. This causes a rapid dissipation of the stored energy in the conductor or coil, with a significant probability of damaging the conductor if the quench is not detected in time. Fiber optic temperature sensors present the opportunity to detect hot spots at closely spaced points along a superconductor of arbitrary length in order to safely shut down the system before damage occurs. These sensors are all- dielectric, making them safe in even a very high voltage power system, and many sensing points, as close as a few cm to a meter, can be multiplexed on a single fiber, greatly simplifying the feedthrough requirements compared to electronic sensors.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Bryan Dickerson
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Cryogenic distributed temperature monitoring (Cryo-DSS)
Abstract:To insure safe operation of new cryogenic superconducting degaussing cables , used to cloak the magnetic signatures naval vessels, distributed temperature measurements are needed every 1 m over 200 m lengths from 25K to 300K. Present electronic temperature sensors conduct heat into the cables, which can cause catastrophic failure in superconductors. Therefore, distributed fiber optic temperature sensors are sought that overcome the lack of thermal sensitivity in silica fibers at the cryogenic operating temperatures of high temperature superconductors. Luna will monitor temperatures along specially designed optical fibers without needing to write fiber Bragg Gratings into the fibers. Luna’s approach will decrease the fabrication cost of the distributed fiber sensors. During Phase I, the thermal sensitivity and optical properties of custom glass compositions will be demonstrated, so that in Phase II the full system will demonstrate distributed cryogenic temperature measurements. A key benefit of Luna’s approach is that it enables high spatial resolution to monitor the growth of non-superconducting zones in a winding, whereas alternative discrete fiber Bragg gratings can only monitor the proper operation of the cryostat.

SensorTran, Inc.
4401 Freidrich Lane Bldg. 307
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 583-3520
Mikko Jaaskelainen
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Application of Advanced Fiber Optic-Based DTS Technology to Dense Thermal Profiling of HTS Power Cables
Abstract:Through the application of advanced Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) technology, SensorTran proposes to develop a system solution for the Navy for thermal path measurement and monitoring along significant lengths of HST cables. Fiber optic-based sensors are immune from EMI, offer measurements at every point along the cable, and can be embedded in the cable itself – meaning the data source is very close to the asset being monitored (not clamped on to the outside of the asset). SensorTran will provide a comprehensive solution that (1) includes advanced DTS technology that can account for and dynamically adjust temperature readings from fiber that has strain and/or bend- induced losses (2) includes application-specific fiber-embedded HTS cables featuring minimal optical losses and special bulkhead penetrators that provide a means to bring the fiber out of the cable while still isolating the cryogenic fluid. SensorTran proposes to apply their experience with fiber optic wellhead penetrations in high pressure environments (i.e. oil wells) to the development of cryogenic bulkhead pentrators.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 351-2568
Mike McAleenan
NAVY 09-049      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Advanced Combatant Craft for Increased Affordability and Mission Performance
Abstract:KaZaK Composites and our subcontractor team propose to develop and demonstrate composite material, configuration and automated manufacturing method combinations selected to optimize advanced hull systems for next-generation Riverine high speed craft, improving on current structural strength, stiffness, impact, weight and cost baselines. This proposal addresses technology development complementing and extending KaZaK’s current hull and deckhouse-focused Navy Phase II SBIR programs, specifically leveraging our current activities to maximize benefits for new surface vessel optimization while minimizing development cost and risk. Material systems in our proposed Phase I studys will focus on impact-resistant high speed requirements, new structural concepts, and alternate support structure. During Phase I, low-cost, light-weight, high-stiffness composite components will designed and validated via finite element analysis, emphasizing material selection for low cost, high quality manufacturing automation via pultrusion. KaZaK’s designs will include features that permit easily-alterable field customization of ship systems to include modular armor for rapidly tailoring performance to match changing mission needs. If awarded a Phase II, our team (including Naval architects and builders) will work to apply Phase I materials, configurations and automated manufacturing technology to the fabrication of full scale hardware for a prototype next generation Riverine vessel.

Kennon Products, Inc
2071 North Main Street
Sheridan, WY 82801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(307) 674-6498
Mark Weitz
NAVY 09-049      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Advanced Composite Boats
Abstract:This proposal seeks to develop, refine, and combine, several promising composites construction techniques in order to produce lighter, stronger, more agile boats, ultimately at reduced acquisition costs. These techniques rely on sophisticated uses of fibers and fiber layups, advanced methods of resin infusion, and novel combinations of fabrication methods. The boats proposed will be “unibody-” or “monocoque-” like constructions, with inherent strength-to-weight characteristics. Kennon has assembled an outstanding team to tackle these advances including an innovative manufacturer of fiberglass boats, composite and materials engineers, and a retired naval officer who specializes in advanced manufacturing techniques. Active in innovative manufacturing and applied R&D, this team is well poised to ultimately commercialize the products of this research. Simply building lighter boats will not satisfy operational needs, as weight reduction effects changes in weight distribution, hydrodynamic profiles and stability. Kennon’s team is capable of adapting hull and boat designs to take full advantage of the significant weight reductions planned.

Structural Composites, Inc.
7705 Technology Drive
W. Melbourne, FL 32904
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 951-9464
Scott Lewit
NAVY 09-049      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Advanced Combatant Craft for Increased Affordability and Mission Performance
Abstract:As low intensity conflicts increase on a global basis, our Armed forces are becoming increasingly dependent on small combatant craft. These high-speed platforms are improving mission capabilities and helping to reduce risk for all of our armed forces. The demands on combatant craft are ever increasing. The increased capabilities and scope of missions create challenges. One principal challenge is to reduce the structural weight of the platform. We will reduce the weight of combatant craft by blending the approaches from both the aerospace and recreational marine industries and add in a healthy batch of innovation. In this proposal we present an affordable, durable, lightweight structural approach that can be applied to a broad class of combatant craft and boats. Following the approach discussed in the proposal we will work to achieve a structural weight savings of 40% or greater over current construction methods

Creative Energy Solutions, Inc.
2601 Annand Dr., Suite 16
Wilmington, DE 19808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 315-8159
Keith Corzine
NAVY 09-050      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Detection and Mitigation of Electrical Faults in Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) Architectures
Abstract:The proposed technology has the potential to change the paradigm such that the traditional “brute-force” method of the mechanical breaker is replaced with natural commutation. Further, a downfall of the conventional solid-state breaker is that it still must interrupt large fault currents requiring very specialized semiconductors and controls. Ultimately, the dc breaker herein prevents large currents from developing across the fault while completely isolating the source bus including the solid-state switch without the use of sophisticated controls. Preliminary real time simulation studies would address the proposed breaker operation within an MVDC shipboard power system. Information from these studies would be used to develop an intelligent network designed to automatically optimize the distribution configuration. This network will be developed using a neural network approach based on supervised and unsupervised learning, such as self- organizing maps and learning vector quantization networks.

Diversified Technologies, Inc.
35 Wiggins Ave.
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9444
Ian Roth
NAVY 09-050      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Detection and Mitigation of Electrical Faults in Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) Architectures
Abstract:In this effort, DTI will refine the specification and scope of a DC breaker development, and prepare for the Phase II effort, which will comprise fabrication and delivery of an engineering development model for evaluation by US Navy laboratories. We anticipate that the value of such a solid-state direct-current breaker will ultimately lie more in the enhanced capabilities of the entire shipboard power system that this advanced technology enables than in the capabilities of the breaker taken alone.

SatCon Applied Technology, Inc.
27 Drydock Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 694-0447
Ted Lesster
NAVY 09-050      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Detection and Mitigation of Electrical Faults in Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) Architectures
Abstract:A novel combination of power electronics and electromechanical contactors is proposed to perform of sensing and fault protection in a Medium Voltage DC distribution system. This will reduce the electromechanical component ratings and size while providing both input to output galvanic isolation during operation and mechanical contact isolation and grounding of downstream equipment following a fault and for repair and maintenance activity. Satcon proposes under this SBIR to evaluate the basic building block converter / contactor configuration to characterize the performance as an electrical fault detector and mitigator for MVDC based systems. This evaluation will include both the semiconductor devices and other power electronic components as well as isolating and grounding electromechanical devices. Potential commercialization applications will be considered in both near term and further out scenarios for the spread of DC techniques into the commercial power distribution field.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Patrick Magari
NAVY 09-051      Awarded: 6/22/2009
Title:Low Maintenance, Low Cost Cryocooler for HTS Degaussing Systems
Abstract:High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables offer major advantages over the conventional copper cables currently used to reduce the magnetic signatures of Navy ships. A degaussing system utilizing HTS cables would be smaller, lighter, and cost less to install than current systems. However, the cryogenic operating temperature of the HTS cables requires the use of a cryogenic refrigerator (cryocooler). Existing, commercially available regenerative cryocoolers suitable for use with an HTS degaussing system have a number of disadvantages including limited cooling capacity (requiring the use of more units than ideal), system size, relatively large and fragile cold heads, noisy operation, and the need for periodic maintenance. The objective of the currently proposed effort is to evaluate the potential for developing a large capacity reverse turbo-Brayton cryogenic refrigerator that would have lower life cycle costs, require less maintenance and be smaller in size than an equivalent cryocooler system based on COTS technology. In Phase I, we will develop a preliminary system design to estimate performance, size, and cost, and we will develop a potential integration concept with the rest of the HTS degaussing system. In Phase II, we will fabricate key components of the cryocooler and demonstrate them at the system level.

Cryomech, Inc
113 Falso Drive
Syracuse, NY 13211
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 455-2555
Peter Gifford
NAVY 09-051      Awarded: 6/22/2009
Title:Low Maintenance and Low Cost Cryocooler
Abstract:For onboard naval applications, a high cooling capacity, low cost, higher meantime between maintenance Gifford McMahon Cryorefrigerator is necessary. Cryomech manufacturers an existing cryocooler, the AL300, with sufficient cooling capacity; but, its standard MTBM is 10,000 hours and it has not been designed to meet onboard requirements. A redesign of the G-M Cold Head seals and displacer for 20,000 hours will be studied. Because the compressor package is most affected by the “onboard specification”, a redesign of the affected components will also be studied.

INFINIA CORPORATION
6811 West Okanogan Place
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 737-2119
SONGGANG QIU
NAVY 09-051      Awarded: 6/22/2009
Title:Low Maintenance and Low Cost Cryocooler
Abstract:Cryocoolers currently in use for High Temperature Superconducting Degaussing (HTSDG) systems onboard Navy ships (Gifford McMahon based) meet the basic performance requirement of 200 W of heat lift at 50°K. However they are inefficient (7.5 kW input power) and prone to frequent maintenance (10,000 hours). Infinia Corporation proposes the development of a maintenance-free, highly efficient practical design concept for a fully integrated low cost, Free piston Stirling Cryocooler (FSC) system that will provide in excess of 200 W (230 W target) of useful cooling capacity at a cold end temperature of 50°K, while consuming only 3.55 kW with a maintenance-free life of 72,000 hours. The system will directly utilize key elements of Infinia’s commercial 3 kW hermetically sealed, free piston, Stirling engine imminently beginning mass-production for the solar energy market. The basic design uses unique flexure bearings and clearance seals, with no rubbing or wearing parts, and no lubricants. Development of the cryocooler system will result in a unit available at a dramatically lower cost, that operates at better than twice the efficiency of the current commercially used cryocooler, and requires significantly reduced maintenance.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2072
Greg Antal
NAVY 09-052      Awarded: 6/23/2009
Title:Automating the Transition of Product Model Data
Abstract:Product model data is required in different forms throughout a ship’s life cycle. Despite the development of STEP standards for the exchange of model data to support design and engineering throughout the lifecycle of a product, the portions of the standard developed for the shipbuilding industry have not been developed or implemented in a way that would allow for a comprehensive bidirectional sharing of data between all of the CAD packages involved in a shipbuilding program. Identification of relevant data, its transformation, and the validation of its accuracy has proven to be very difficult. The technology proposed here will provide an open, scalable, CAD vendor neutral, expandable framework that will enable the bi-directional transfer of product model data between shipbuilders during the design and construction life cycle phases. Existing STEP standards and commercial open source toolkits will be leveraged to the maximum extent possible to facilitate broad adoption of the technology by the shipbuilding industry. In Phase I, a prototype of the framework will be developed. Realistic test case scenarios will be used to assess the feasibility of the method, identify high risk areas, and define risk reduction strategies which will be implemented in Phase II.

CostVision
1472 North St.
Boulder, CO 80304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 539-9312
Charles Stirk
NAVY 09-052      Awarded: 6/23/2009
Title:PLCS DEX to exchange semantic information from ship STEP AP’s
Abstract:This team of a small software developer, two large Navy shipbuilders, and two experts in ship STEP and PLCS DEX technology propose to develop processes and interface tools to exchange non-geometric product model data between shipbuilders and the Navy. Specifically, in the Phase I program we will 1. Determine the product structure and material property information needed by LEAPS. 2. Create a reference data library that contains this information using the semantics of the Ship STEP AP’s. 3. Define the source systems for this information at Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding and Electric Boat. 4. Develop a PLCS DEX that contains the reference data 5. Prove the feasibility of the DEX bi-directional data transfer using Eurostep’s share-a-space software tools. In the Phase I Option, we will continue to design the interfaces to LEAPS and the shipbuilder IT systems that will be developed and prototyped in Phase II.

Altairnano, Inc.
204 Edison Way
Reno, NV 89502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 858-3738
Veselin Manev
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Modular, Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:The SBIR Phase I proposal is designed to improve the high end temperature performance of Altairnano''''s nano Lithium titanate batteries and will develop an equivalent circuit model capturing the transient dynamics of Altairnano’s 50 Ah cell. Altairnano will study the effects of various materials and the interactions between them to determine the best electrode material combination in order to eliminate gasses that are created at temperatures above 55 degrees Celsius. This research will attempt to accomplish this without sacrificing other performance attributes, such as long cycle life and high power rates, currently seen in existing Altairnano products. These objectives are intended to align with the Navy’s goal of developing a multipurpose energy storage module for a variety of shipboard applications ranging from single generator operations to pulse power applications.

FC & Associates
44713 Fir Road PO Box 1064
Gold Bar, WA 98251
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 347-3523
Leroy Ohlsen
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:High System-Power Density Flow Battery for Advanced Modular, Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:To meet the requirements for a next-generation, shipboard-compliant energy storage system, this SBIR Phase I project will prove the feasibility of a unique flow battery technology that combines a battery’s ability to produce a high system-power density with a fuel cell’s unique capability to utilize a high-energy-density fuel. FC&A’s Phase I objective is to demonstrate the flow battery concept by identifying the best polyoxometalate/catalyst combination and assembling these into a prototype single anode half-cell that produces sufficient current density in the presence of 4,000ppm sulfur to produce power. Unlike existing technologies, our flow battery, or “Flow Cell,” is small and can be recharged like a battery or refueled with the Navy’s standard logistics fuels (DFM and JP-5). These unique Flow Cell capabilities will enable the Navy to realize its aim of developing “more electric Navy fleets,” which increases survivability and provides an uninterrupted electrical power supply. Phase I success will lead to a Phase II project focused on fabricating a prototype Flow Cell system and conducting validation testing under practical load profiles. Based on Phase II results, the FC&A R&D team will propose installation, maintenance, repair, and regeneration methodologies and will complete a thorough cost/benefit analysis.

K2 Energy Solutions, Inc.
1125 American Pacific Drive, Suite C
Henderson, NV 89074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 478-3601
James Hodge
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Lithium-ion Modular Energy Storage Batteries
Abstract:K2 Energy Solutions, Inc. will address the Navy’s energy storage requirements by designing and fabricating a modular battery system similar to those the company has already developed for high performance electric vehicles. K2 develops and manufactures advanced lithium-ion energy storage systems based on intrinsically safe and inexpensive lithium iron phosphate cathode materials.

Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc.
1037 Watervliet-Shaker Road
Albany, NY 12205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 862-4290
Hooshang Heshmat
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Modular, Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase I and Phase II proposed effort is to design, test and demonstrate the ability of a 500 kW test bed prototype energy storage module to withstand a shipboard environment. Under Phase I, tradeoff design studies will be completed to size the system and assess the configuration that will yield the highest power and energy densities while also having minimal maintenance requirements and shock tolerance. Under Phase II, a technology demonstrator will be designed, built and tested. The overall goal is to demonstrate and verify the power density gains and reduced footprint possible through effectively integrating the generator, bearing and flywheel components. MiTi’s proposed solution is a high-speed flywheel energy storage module that uses our unique combination of shock tolerant and low loss magnetic bearings and high performance permanent magnet brushless DC motor/generator. Both 35 and 80 kW/60,000 rpm motor/generators that have already been developed and tested by MiTi will form the core design of the composite flywheel system. Flywheel speeds as high as 100,000 rpm will be examined. A subcomponent bearing test will be completed as a part of the Phase I effort.

New Span Opto-Technology Inc.
16115 SW 117th Ave. A-15
Miami, FL 33177
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(305) 235-6928
Sam Sun
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Asymmetric Electrochemical Supercapacitor Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:To address the U.S. Navy¡¦s solicitation for shipboard compliant high energy storage system, New Span Opto-Technology Inc. proposes to develop Advanced Hybrid Electrochemical Energy Storage (AESES) technology. The AESES is comprised of a foamed aluminum oxide ceramics anode and a conductive polymer cathode. The anode is made highly porous for higher capacitance. The cathode is made of an aligned pattern of polyaniline nanofiber arrays covalently bonded with the substrate, with high current and ion conductivity and lower internal resistance, resulting in high energy and power density of AESES. The device is engineered with an operation potential of 20-60 Volts and a total capacitance of 5-20 Farads. The AESES will have energy density ƒ® 150 Wh/Liter (~24J/cm3), power density up to 2,000 W/Liter lasting ƒ® 5 min, cycling life ƒ® 10,000 times, at environmental temperature up to 150 F (60 ¢XC). In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of the AESES concept by fabricating a prototype module, capable of being incorporated into a power electronics and ship interface module. The comprehensive performance of the AESES module will be evaluated. The Phase II development approach and schedule that contains discrete milestones for product development will be provided.

Y-Carbon
900 First Ave Building 4, Suite 242
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 878-6226
Ranjan Dash
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:High Energy, High Power Supercapacitor-Battery Hybrid Energy Storage System
Abstract:This proposal presents a Phase I SBIR project to develop high-energy, high-power supercapacitor-battery hybrid energy storage systems. Batteries are widely used, but have limited power capability and cycle life. Supercapacitors, also called ultracapacitors or double-layer capacitors, are rechargeable electrical energy storage devices Supercapacitors offer higher power, and greater cyclability than batteries. However, their lower energy density limits operation time of electrical equipment running on supercapacitors alone. Neither battery nor supercapacitor technology alone offers both high power and high energy. Therefore, a hybrid (battery–supercapacitor) system is needed for an optimum combination of power and energy density. Although the supercapacitor is mainly a high-power device in a hybrid configuration, the supercapacitor’s energy density is important. Increased energy density allows high power output for longer times. Conventional activated carbon for supercapacitors has limited pore size control, limiting device energy density. This project will develop supercapacitor-battery hybrids utilizing supercapacitors incorporating nanoporous carbide-derived carbon electrodes providing higher volumetric and gravimetric capacitance than existing materials. The manufacturing process explored in this SBIR relies on synthesis of nanoporous carbon with controlled pore size, leading to hybrid power storage devices with energy density (> 500 Wh/L) and supplying power > 500 kW for at least 5 minutes.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 640-2310
Anthony Dietz
NAVY 09-054      Awarded: 6/24/2009
Title:Regenerative Cryogenic Helium Circulator
Abstract:High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables offer major advantages over the conventional copper cables currently used to reduce the magnetic signatures of Navy ships. A degaussing system utilizing HTS cables would be smaller, lighter, and cost less to install than current systems. However, the cryogenic helium flow cooling system needed to keep the superconductor at its operating temperature can introduce additional cost and complexity. The cryogenic helium circulator is a key component in this cooling system, costing up to 20% of the total system cost. Creare is pursuing a development program to provide the Navy with the technology needed to transition an HTS Degaussing System into the next generation of warships. Here we propose a regenerative circulator that runs at a much lower speed than the centrifugal circulator used in the current system. The lower speed reduces the cost of the motor and bearings and enables a design for reduced heat leak. In Phase I, we will optimize the circulator design and operating point, and we will demonstrate the circulator performance. In Phase II, we will fabricate and test prototype circulators and demonstrate their performance in a representative degaussing system.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2727
Chris St.Clair
NAVY 09-054      Awarded: 6/24/2009
Title:Magnetically Coupled Helium Recirculation Fan (MCHRF)
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop the Magnetically Coupled Helium Recirculation Fan (MCHRF), a fan for the recirculation of cryogenic helium gas for shipboard High- Temperature Superconductor Deguassing (HTSDG) systems. The MCHRF will eliminate the mechanical penetration required for the recirculation function by driving the fan with magnetic forces from a tightly packaged integral motor assembly contained entirely within the vacuum space. This will simplify the design of the associated insulation system, eliminate the potential for any gas leaks along a shaft penetration, and minimize the heat load associated with the fan. Because of these simplifications, it will also dramatically reduce the cost associated with the recirculation function.

R&D Dynamics Corporation
15 Barber Pond Road
Bloomfield, CT 06002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 726-1204
Giri Agrawal
NAVY 09-054      Awarded: 6/24/2009
Title:Low Cost Foil Bearing Supported Helium Circulation Fan
Abstract:A low-cost helium circulator will be designed and demonstrated for use in High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) systems. The circulator design will feature an oil- free high-speed rotor supported on foil gas bearings. The basis for this design has been extensively used and demonstrated by R&D Dynamics in other applications e.g. fuel cells, at very high temperatures, up to 700 deg. C. In Phase I the feasibility will be demonstrated. In Phase II a working prototype will be designed, built and laboratory tested. In Phase III a full scale prototype will be installed onboard a Navy ship for extended testing.

Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
James Daly
NAVY 09-055      Awarded: 7/20/2009
Title:Hyperpixel Array Imager for Contact Identification
Abstract:The Navy is seeking hyperspectral imaging (HSI) systems to integrate with Type 18 periscopes and/or newer Photonics Masts in order to perform contact recognition, identification and classification. Hyperspectral technology offers potential performance enhancement to attain additional target information and discrimination as well as possibly attain better penetration through adverse weather. Surface craft exhibit anomalous signatures compared to both water and sky horizon backgrounds in NIR/SWIR spectral bands making autonomous detection from the ocean surface feasible. Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC (Newton, MA) and Space Computer Corporation (Los Angeles, CA) will collaborate to develop a versatile hyperspectral imaging system for visible to short- wavelength infrared (SWIR) wavelengths. Specifically, we propose to combine BD&E’s proprietary HyperPixelä Array (HPAä) imager and SCC’s proprietary hyperspectral image processing capabilities to design and build a system which will automatically identify contacts, associate a hyperspectral ‘tag’ with each contact so that it may be tracked or recognized and re-acquired at a later time, and classify each contact according to type. The system will operate over the wavelength range 400-1700 nm. The phase 1 program will be a specification development and systems design effort leading to a prototype design which will be built and tested in phase 2.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
NAVY 09-055      Awarded: 7/20/2009
Title:Periscope mounted hyperspectral sensors for improved situational awareness
Abstract:OKSI will start with sensors it already built to conduct measurements in order to optimize its sensor design and algorithms for use in a submarine mast (Phase I). Subsequently, OKSI will design (Phase I Option) and build (Phase II) a mast-like brassboard based system, which will be tested and improved to provide optimal results (Phase II). Specifically, OKSI will use its existing VNIR and SWIR hyperspectral sensors to collect maritime scene data of targets subjected to a variety of characteristic environmental conditions related to marine water, atmosphere, and weather, including aerosols, target- sensor-sun angles, humidity, marine conditions, etc. These measurements, which OKSI will conduct at a naval facility, will be used with existing in-house hyperspectral target detection and identification algorithms to investigate target detection and identification performance in the unique maritime environment. The Phase I results will lead to an optimized hyperspectral sensor design (hardware and software) for use in a submarine mast. OKSI’s miniature hyperspectral sensor will serve as a basis for a sensor package that will be tested subsequently in a mast-like brassboard under more stressing conditions. OKSI will design (Option), build, and test (Phase II) this deployable sensor package, with remote terminal for control and visualization.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5885 Trinity Parkway Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 840-9722
Kevin Kieffer
NAVY 09-056      Awarded: 7/9/2009
Title:Exercise Torpedo End-Of-Run (EOR) Global Positioning System (GPS) Locator
Abstract:The US Navy seeks the development of a miniature transponder locator unit, capable of sustaining high shock loads that can be placed in both lightweight and heavyweight exercise torpedoes for rapid torpedo recovery. Currently, a considerable amount of time and resources is expended to visually search for the exercise torpedo after the end of run, and the solicitation aims to develop a system that enables timely recovery of the exercise torpedo with limited assets. The transponder must have an endurance of 24 hours, determine the torpedo’s location via a GPS receiver, and communicate the torpedo’s position via an RF and underwater acoustic link at ranges up to 5 nautical miles. In this Phase I proposal, Adaptive Methods proposes to design and prototype components of a refurbishable and reusable transponder that meets the solicitation’s volume and communications requirements. A laboratory demonstration of key RF, acoustic, and antenna components is also proposed in the Phase I Basic work. Design, prototyping, and in-water demonstration of the acoustic communications component is proposed in the Phase I Option work.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 846-0111
Tim Hench
NAVY 09-056      Awarded: 7/9/2009
Title:Exercise Torpedo End-Of-Run (EOR) Global Positioning System (GPS) Locator
Abstract:Detection, localization, and recovery of exercise torpedoes at End-Of-Run in an open- ocean environment can be a challenging and expensive evolution for the US Navy. Minimizing the time-on-station for launch, search and recovery craft involved in exercise firings can drastically reduce cost by increasing probability of successful and swift recovery as well as allowing more firings to occur in an allotted time slot. GPS technologies can provide the increased capability in rapid localization to meet operational and cost objectives. Key to the effort will be trade studies to best implement the existing technologies given the space and operational constraints of torpedoes as well as studying options for antenna configurations. This SBIR will clearly define and analyze the system-level requirements with the customer and apply those requirements to the trade studies for the GPS implementation and antenna designs, as well as an acoustic communications capability that will allow subsurface localization of the torpedoes. COTS solutions will be of first choice with custom design only as necessary. Particular attention will be paid to the shock and other associated Environmental impacts on design, as well as the power requirements. Commonality of design between MK54 and MK48 will be maximized.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Robert Karnes
NAVY 09-058      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Novel Towed Array Hose Materials Technology
Abstract:Kazak Composites and our subcontractor ITT propose to advance the design of towed array hose by means of engineered materials and KaZaK’s expertise in pultrusion technology. The materials and designs to be developed will have synergistic effects on both buoyancy and strumming suppression. Buoyancy will be improved by adding new high-strength microspheres which also will prevent noise due to collapse. Strumming will be addressed by investigating several approaches, including a specially designed conformal layer not increasing the straight line drag coefficient or interfering with the array handling gear. This approach permits use of stochastic techniques in design, to prevent formation of coherent wake structures at several scales. An alternative approach is the use of negative Poisson ratio material to change the sectional shape of the hose in a turn. We also propose a novel reinforcement configured to prevent crimping of the hose cross-section under bending, as well as ‘milking’ of the hose under longitudinal drag forces, while maintaining desirable longitudinal strength and elongation characteristics. The scope of proposed Phase I work will cover materials trade studies and analysis of designs, as well as static and tunnel tests of representative elements. The outlook for a Phase II is a full-scale prototype.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
J.H. Lalli
NAVY 09-058      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Low Density, Rugged, Shape Memory-Metal Rubber™ Morph-on-Demand Towed Array Hose
Abstract:NanoSonic specializes in the production of multifunctional, nanostructured morphing airfoils and hydrofoils via Shape Memory-Metal Rubber™ (SM-MR). SM-MR™ would be exploited as a smart towed array hose that can both sense and change its shape under sea-water to reduce damaging strum-induced vibration and optimize hydrophone performance. Our unique layer-by-layer self-assembly processing method yields ultra- lightweight (< 0.99g/cc), yet thick rugged and compliant nanocomposites enabling neutral buoyancy due to the extremely low volume fractions of metal nanoparticles required for conductivity. The electrically conductive component of SM-MR™ allows for 1) in-situ sensing of longitudinal flow at greater than 4 degrees and 2) wireless induction pathway stimulating temporary shape change to a more hydrodynamic cross-section to suppress crosswise flow and turn-induced strum and 3) repeatedly return to a circular cross- section upon turn completion. While the specific chemical structure of SM-MR™ is proprietary, the hybrid polyurethane SMP is resistant to Exxon Isopar L and offers similar properties (isothermal mechanical -40ºC to 50ºC, Shore A80, > 100% elongation) to BF Goodrich 58881. The TRL of the morph-on-demand SM-MR™ submarine towed array hose would be increased to TRL6 during Phase I and to TRL 9 when demonstrated at Carderock housing a TB-29A acoustic module in Phase III.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
NAVY 09-058      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Shape Changing, Reduced Density, Towed Array Hose
Abstract:Two problems affect Navy submarine towed arrays. The first problem is damage imparted to the array components by the handling system. The second problem is the noise generated by hose oscillation and turbulence that develops during submarine turns; the circular cylinder hose experiences a cross flow which causes vortex shedding. TRI/Austin proposes to address each problem separately and then integrate the results into a final proposed towed array hose design. The damage problem can be addressed by increasing the internal pressure in the towed array hose. The hose wall material will have to be less dense and still meet all of the performance requirements for the towed array. TRI/Austin will call upon a significant bank of material development expertise and experience in developing rho-c materials to meet demanding performance requirements, finding and formulating the right combination of thermoplastics and additives to meet the requirements of the towed array hose application. Three strum suppression mechanisms will be analyzed and evaluated. The analysis will be performed using 3D computational fluid dynamics. The best performing strum suppressor, by analytical modeling, will be tested in a tow tank to verify the model conforms to test results.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
NAVY 09-059      Awarded: 6/26/2009
Title:Photonic Magnetometer-based Electric Current Perturbation Nondestructive Inspection System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a novel nondestructive method for volumetric inspection of welds and corrosion under thick polymeric coatings in steel hull structures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Photonic Magnetometer-based Electric Current Perturbation (PHOME) nondestructive inspection system. The system design based on a novel optically interrogated magnetic sensor offers sensitivity of 1 pico-Tesla/square root Hz in a bandwidth of 0.1 to 1,000 Hz needed for complete volumetric inspection and detection of sub-millimeter defects and corrosion. Innovative 2D mapping based on tracking technology and magnetic image analyses enables location and sizing of the detected defects. The system offers single-sided inspection through 50 mm- thick polymer coatings, and detection, location, and sizing of corrosion (

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Michael Zintl
NAVY 09-059      Awarded: 6/26/2009
Title:Innovative Millimeter-Wave Imaging System for Detecting Metal Defects through Polyurethane Coatings
Abstract:A continuing theme in shipboard monitoring is the need to inspect hulls of boats and submarines for signs of metal fatigue, typically manifesting as weld breaks, corrosion, and for submarines, metal-polymer debonding. Visual inspection remains the most reliable diagnostic, but is cumbersome if paint or plastic must be removed to reach the metal. Non- invasive diagnostics have problems too: eddy-current monitoring is reliable for weld fatigue, but not for corrosion onset or debonding, and polymers are opaque to ultrasound. Because missing a defect is unacceptable, existing non-visual methods are inherently slow. SARA proposes a millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging system, based on the science used for airport body scanners, to inspect welds without needing to remove the insulating layer. Because structural polymers typically have windows of transparency in the MMW domain, this technology provides rapid “see-thru” imaging of metal and associated defects in steel (such as those in butt/fillet welds, and corrosion onset). Stand-off scanning of a MMW imager will enable the Navy to localize weld joints and corrosion on quarter-wave scales (1mm or less), and will detect hairline cracks of even smaller scale. Debonding will be measured by phase rotation of multipath reflection, which only occurs when an air/water gap is present.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-9442
James Dante
NAVY 09-060      Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title:Low Voltage Anode Materials
Abstract:Zinc and aluminum based anodes are typically used for cathodic protection of Navy vessels as a secondary protection system in the event of paint failure. These anode materials have electrochemical potentials in the range of < -1000mV (SCE). However, potential for hydrogen embrittlement of high strength steel and nickel based alloys is significant within this range. This is particularly true in regions where only small coating defects exist resulting in complete polarization of the substrate to anode voltages. The focus of this effort is to develop new materials with an electrochemical potential within the range of -850mV (SCE) that are capable of supporting large anodic current densities. Luna proposes to exploit the use of specific chemical and electrochemical properties of oxide forming alloying elements to tailor the breakdown and corrosion potential of aluminum alloys into the desired range.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
NAVY 09-060      Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title:Computational Design and Development of Low-Voltage Sacrificial Anode
Abstract:Cathodic protection methods, employing a sacrificial anode, are used to prevent corrosion of iron-based structural components in marine environments. However, as a consequence of galvanic coupling, hydrogen charging of high-strength steels occurs leading to hydrogen embrittlement and stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). Under this proposed SBIR program, QuesTek Innovations LLC, a leader in the field of computational materials design, will develop a new alloy with a corrosion potential tuned to about -0.8V, with maximum current carrying capacity, that can eliminate or reduce the risk of hydrogen embrittlement of high strength materials, while providing efficient cathodic protection against corrosion. Based on QuesTek’s electrochemical framework alloying additions will be incorporated to achieve the desired corrosion potential along with a non-passive soluble oxide film. QuesTek’s mechanistic and computational Materials by Design® methodology is a viable strategy to rapidly develop an effective material solution with the ideal electrochemical and active corrosion properties. In the program QuesTek will partner with OEMs who will help define the material and process requirement matrix, and ultimately lead the alloy implementation. Concept feasibility will be demonstrated by cyclic polarization tests on model alloys fabricated in the Phase I program. Production-scale fabrication of the designed alloy will be demonstrated in Phase II.

Anacapa Sciences, Inc.
301 East Carrillo Street 2FL P. O. Box 519
Santa Barbara, CA 93102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-6157
V. Spiker
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Automatic User Interface Configuration Management
Abstract:The need for a rational strategy to manage the evolution of user interfaces (UI) during block upgrades in complex tactical weapon systems has been a daunting, and costly, challenge for all services, especially the Navy. The emergence of open and Service- Oriented Architectures has exacerbated this problem. Vendors of these systems and the government agree that design tools are needed which provide UI designers with an environment that semi- or automatically manages these changes. Working with our Phase III transition partner, Raytheon IDS, we plan to design, development, implement, and test TRUIDTM, Toolset for Rational User Interface Design. Developed as a Java plug-in, TRUID consists of a query-based design pattern recognizer, a system analyzer for parsing the UI into chunks, a task decomposer that breaks down system tasks hierarchically, an IF- THEN UI design rule engine that optimizes widget/controller configuration given task and mission context, a document compiler that automatically reconfigures as design changes are made, and a scenario-based training aid for system and UI designers. TRUID will be prototyped in Phase II and field tested in the context of a Navy weapon system of interest, such as the CCS MK2 Weapons Control System or the AN/BYG-1 Advanced Submarine Combat System.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0782
Frederick Gies
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Automatic User Interface Configuration Management
Abstract:Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the Navy solicitation: we will develop tools and methods enabling the development of software User Interfaces for different implementation platforms from single designs that are directly linked to and validated against requirements. The proposed EDAptive® COOL capability will build upon previous EDAptive Computing, Inc (ECI) knowledge and technology – itself innovative – to enable Software Engineers to rapidly develop re-usable User Interface designs that can be used to generate implementation source code for multiple languages. The resulting capabilities will result in major reductions in Software Engineering efforts to develop User Interfaces when they are required for different implementation targets but share equivalent end user requirements. Additionally, WYSIWYG development tools provided will be tied to requirements that are captured by Software Engineers. Software Engineers will be able to validate that their User Interface designs meet these end-user requirements entered. Prior experience and new research has already shown that ECI’s innovative software assets will be clearly adaptive to support rapid development of this critical Navy technology.

Iterativity, Inc.
3236 17th Ave. S.
Minneapolis, MN 55407
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 669-7433
Robin Penner
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Self-Configuring User Interface Design
Abstract:We propose to develop a tool that integrates diverse subsystems and automatically configures and composes well-designed, unified, and consistent user interfaces. Using active object-oriented models of situations, interactions, and interface elements, this tool will dynamically generate user interfaces that are specialized to each user, have a unified and common look and feel, require minimal training, and are consistent and easy to use. Because all knowledge is model-based, evolution and diversification are simple and verifiable. In Phase I, we will investigate the applicability of this approach to the NPES functions of Virginia-class submarines, culminating in a proof of concept system for a subset of functions, users, and tasks. In addition, we will perform directed research on the mechanisms required to allow system developers, integrators, and usability specialists to gracefully evolve and configure the system, and will investigate mechanisms for self-test and system self-improvement.

Rite-Solutions
110 W. Broad Street P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3399
Pat Luvara
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Automatic User Interface Configuration Management
Abstract:Rite-Solutions is please to respond to the Navy’s need for improvements in the development and management of submarine combat systems user interfaces. Rite- Solutions is proposing a new user interface design paradigm that incorporates both user interface design principles and automated user interface development and configuration management . This combination will radically improve how user interfaces are specified, designed, documented, developed, managed, and evaluated: drastically reducing the cost to develop while improving operability and user interface consistency.

Smart Information Flow Technologies, d/b/a SIFT
211 N 1st St. Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 716-4015
Christopher Miller
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Interface Management through Automated Generation and Evaluation (IMAGE)
Abstract:Configuration Management for User Interface (UI) design must go beyond traditional version control and traceability to include enforcement of style rules, assessment of required coverage and evaluation of compatibility and consistency with other systems or prior UI versions for similar tasks. SIFT has more 20 years experience developing and fielding interface evaluation and generation aids. We have developed a core representation and reasoning capability for describing the information needs of tasks, the information provided by displays and for computing the degree of match between the two. Furthermore, we describe methods, some used in prior projects, for performing sophisticated and traceable tradeoff reasoning among competing goals in UI generation. With these methods, UI evaluation and generation are closely related—it requires little additional effort to achieve one mode of interaction vs. the other. We explain these approaches and propose methods for using them, with innovative augmentation and integration into the Navy’s SOA environment, to provide IMAGE (Interface Management through Automated Generation and Evaluation) for UI configuration management of the advanced types described above. IMAGE will be developed together with Lockheed Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors for Navy submarine systems—notionally beginning with UIs for the Common Submarine Radio Room.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-9441
Michael Arlen
NAVY 09-062      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Aluminum Alloy Conditioning to Improve the Corrosion Resistance of Torpedo Fuel Tanks
Abstract:A large portion of the maintenance costs of exercised torpedoes are attributable to the condition based maintenance of torpedo fuel tanks. In addition to consuming limited financial and manpower resources, corrosion impacts mission capability and asset readiness by reducing operational availability and their performance envelope. During use, the fuel tank is backfilled with seawater and a reaction between the seawater and chemicals in the Otto II fuel occurs, which has been demonstrated to accelerate the corrosion process. In this program, Luna proposes to develop an aluminum alloy surface conditioning process that will improve the inherent corrosion resistance of torpedo alloy systems. When used in conjunction with the current protective coatings, improved corrosion performance can be expected, thereby decreasing corrosion life cycle costs. The Phase I development efforts will focus on optimizing the conditioner chemistry for alloys of use in torpedo fuel tanks, such as AA 7175, integrating the conditioner step into the coating process, and characterizing the improved corrosion performance.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2302
Ronald Cook
NAVY 09-062      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Multimetal Corrosion Control for Otto Fuel Tanks and Engines
Abstract:The MK-48 torpedo was originally developed in the 1960s and went into active service in 1971. It is designed to combat both enemy nuclear submarines and high performance surface ships. Through a series of modifications, the offensive capability of the torpedo has kept up with advances in enemy military technology. Maintaining the MK-48 torpedo presents unique challenges. Torpedoes can be used multiple times for training and exercises. After such exercises, they must return to Intermediate Maintenance Activities (IMA) for turn-around before sea-water and exhaust products cause extensive corrosion damage. Corrosion control in the MK 48 torpedo is challenging since it is uses both 7000 series aluminum alloys (a corrodible alloy because it contains copper for strengthening) and stainless steel. In addition, many interfaces are sealed by o-rings, which can form spaces or crevices that trap seawater and/or corrosive exhaust products. It is estimated that 25% of the work involves corrosion mitigation. If the corrosion can be eliminated or slowed down a significant portion the IMA may be reduced or eliminated. Using computational algorithms and bench testing TDA will identify corrosion inhibitors that can be added to the fuel mixture to stop corrosion and reduce maintenance costs.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Ronald Ghen
NAVY 09-063      Awarded: 7/27/2009
Title:Water Impermeable, Easy Disconnect Electrical Cable Connector for Deep Sea Applications
Abstract:Developing an underwater electrical cable connector that completely prevents water intrusion at high and varying pressures, even when the connector is detached and re- attached often requires innovative technology development. To ensure the connector can be disconnected and reconnected while the submerged and still eliminate potential for seawater intrusion and grounding requires a pin insertion coupling technique not currently in use today. Progeny Systems proposes construction design techniques using encapsulated connector technology that would enable underwater mateable electrical connectors for use with data and power cables. Progeny intends to leverage technologies currently being developed for data and power transmission in support of N05-065 Phase II contract for Non-Hull Penetrating Hydrophone. This connection approach will fully prevent the occurrence of disruptive grounds, increase system reliability, and provide for end-user safety while adhering to shock and vibration requirements.

Williams-Pyro,Inc.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Roger Paulsel
NAVY 09-063      Awarded: 7/27/2009
Title:Water Impermeable, Easy Disconnect Electrical Cable Connector for Deep Sea Applications
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc., proposes to develop a line of robust power and data connectors that are completely water impermeable, even under prolonged exposures to high and varying water pressures (up to 1800 psi) associated with deep-sea applications. In this solution, Williams-Pyro proposes to electrically connect standard Electrical Hull Fittings (EHFs) on Navy submarines to Dry Deck Shelters, Advanced Seal Delivery Systems, or other outboard or peripheral systems using electrical connector technology that is rugged, lightweight, cost-effective, safe, efficient, corrosion-resistant, relatively lightweight (< 1 lb), reliable enough for frequent connection and disconnection, and easy to assemble/connect/disconnect without special tools or training. This solution will encapsulate a hydrophobic gel material within an enclosed connector, such that connector pins are pressed through the gel to mating sockets, repelling away any water in the process. The compartment containing the gel will be separated from the external environment by one or more diaphragms, which will maintain the gel within the connector and serve to wipe water from the pins as they are passed through the diaphragms and into the gel to the sockets. A “grease zerk” reservoir device will be incorporated to replenish any gel lost over time.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
NAVY 09-064      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Navy Cash Next Generation
Abstract:The Navy currently uses a Smart Card based stored value system to provide sailors with the ability to make purchases on board a ship This system, called Navy Cash, has been implemented on a majority of the ships but the Navy is encountering problems of cost and maintenance is looking for an alternative that will automate back-end processes and allow newer authentication technologies such as biometric to be inducted. Harmonia proposes to develop a system that implements a “Bank ATM/POS-like” system onboard the ship which works in conjunction with standard bank issued debit cards, biometric authentication devices and a Navy-specific PIN set up by the sailor at the time of registration to create a secure and simple environment for cashless purchases. The system also fully automates the bank-end processes for reconciliation of transactions and settlement of accounts with vendors. It also provides a facility for disbursing cash while onboard without unduly taxing the disbursement officer’s time. The result is a system that can be implemented systematically and cost-effectively, provides significant savings in terms of management and long-term maintenance and is scalable and upgradeable to newer authentication processes as they mature.

Rite-Solutions
110 W. Broad Street P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3399
Rother Hodges
NAVY 09-064      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Navy Cash Next Generation
Abstract:The concept, design, and instantiation of a Next Generation Navy Cash system represents a clear opportunity for the DoD and Navy to leverage and intelligently apply advances in cardless technologies, future Navy shipboard Open Architecture (OA) processing and network infrastructures, and the account-based cashless financial transaction model. Objective research, investigation, and review of these technologies individually, and in the aggregate, presents an excellent opportunity to address key Navy Cash Next Generation objectives: „« Reduce Navy Cash Total Ownership Cost (TOC) „« Adoption of a superior cardless technology „« Provide significant qualify of life improvement for the sailor. Rite-Solutions¡¦ direct experience with OA systems, robust commercial account-based cashless transaction systems, future DoD/Navy shipboard architectures, and our related experience in Human System Integration (HSI), financial transaction security, and Information Assurance (IA) domains provides a unique and innovative view into next generation Navy Cash issues and opportunities.

Triad Biometrics LLC
3701 FAU Boulevard Suite 210
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 394-7791
Mark Cohen
NAVY 09-064      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Navy Cash Next Generation
Abstract:Triad Biometrics LLC (“Triad”) proposes to develop in collaboration with Lockheed Martin Corporation (“Lockheed”) an innovative, secure and scalable human system based Next Generation Navy Cash (“NGNC”) solution to replace the existing stored value chip embedded in each of the current cards used by Navy (DoD) warfighters. Triad proposes to replace the stored value chip functions with a secured E-Purse on a centrally stored database in a Navy network accessible on board ship and locations on shore that currently process E-Purse transactions. Key benefits will include irrefutable, centralized identification and authorization, enhanced user convenience and increased productivity, while reducing operating and maintenance costs. Triad Enterprise Authentication and Migration System (“TEAMS”), developed by Triad, utilizes a highly discriminating fingerprint matching system with several patent pending innovative features: replay protection, secure exception mode, automatic alias detection, unique licensing,objective device selection, optional duress alerting and biometric user feedback. TEAMS interoperates with multiple fingerprint capture devices, databases, and application servers. A customized implementation of TEAMS in the NGNC solution will increase transaction security and user friendliness as stored value card functions and related pin codes are eliminated. The feasibility of integrating TEAMS with NGNC will be analyzed in this Phase I effort.

Atmospheric Plasma Solutions
11301 Penny Road Suite D
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8325
Peter Yancey
NAVY 09-065      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Media Free Coatings Removal Technology for Navy Platforms using Atmospheric Plasma
Abstract:The Navy and other DoD components require a media-free, environmentally friendly, rapid, and non-destructive method to remove coatings applied on and aboard Navy ships. Atmospheric Plasma Solutions Inc. (APS) has developed an atmospheric plasma process to accomplish this goal. Current processes for the removal of coatings for shipboard applications are expensive, require massive amounts of energy, and are potentially damaging to the environment. APS has previously demonstrated the effectiveness of its ionized atmospheric plasma process in the quick and efficient removal of coatings from a wide variety of aerospace related metal and temperature-sensitive substrates. This atmospheric plasma removal process should be adaptable to service naval and marine coating formulations as well. A modest amount of electricity and a low pressure air source are the only support materials required for the process to operate. The APS process is inherently scalable to meet the coating removal needs of both large and small applications alike, field repair applications as well as large scale dry-dock operations.

Native American Technologies Company
P.O. Box 39
Golden, CO 80402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 279-7942
Jerry Jones
NAVY 09-065      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:An Induction Cavitation Cleaning and Profiling System for Metal Plate Surfaces
Abstract:Develop a new and innovative system for cleaning paint and other coatings from surfaces and producing the necessary profile for applying new coatings. The process will use induction heating to create bubbles and a pressure differential to collapse the bubbles causing cavitation to occur, resulting in surface cleaning and profiling.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Russ Jeffers
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:In situ learning for underwater object recognition
Abstract:Sea mines are a cost-effective method for hostile forces to attempt to neutralize assets of the U.S. Navy by limiting mobility and creating delay. Mine detection, classification and localization (DCL) is very challenging in littoral environments due to the high clutter, increased background, and dense multipath. 3 Phoenix, Inc. has developed an innovative approach for automatic target detection and classification of sea mines and other underwater targets of interest. The proposed algorithm robustly adapts to changes in environment and has the potential for dramatically reducing false alarm rate, while still maintaining a high probability of detection and classification. A novel, efficient method of training the classifier is formulated and retraining for adaptation is performed intrinsically with weight optimization. The algorithm is generalized to work over several sensor types and sensor modalities. The proposed algorithm has the potential to reduce operator load while reducing false positives in classification.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Michael Roemer
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:An Evolutionary Learning and Adaptive Underwater Object Recognition System
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with our research partners at Georgia Tech, propose to develop an evolutionary, learning-based object recognition technology suite that is capable of robust, in situ adaptation of underwater target assessments. The automated feedback learning mechanisms proposed herein will provide a unique capability to adapt the feature extraction, selection and classification process that can lead to improved false alarm and target identification rates as the system is matured. The core technical innovations of this project will include: 1) development of an adaptive image segmentation and feature extraction/selection process based on a specialized evolutionary computing algorithm; 2) development of a novel ensemble learning process for performing fusion of various classifiers across sensor types, environments, and target classes; 3) development of a particle filtering framework for robustly adapting the parameters of the algorithms for identifying the underwater objects; and 4) development of the associated reinforcement learning process for tuning and controlling the image analysis process over time. At the completion of Phase I, a computer demonstration of the adaptive object recognition software library that illustrates a robust and adaptive ability to recognize underwater targets of interest will be performed. Phase II will fully develop the prototype system and demonstrate in-situ, adaptive object recognition in a more realistic underwater environments using government provided datasets.

Information Systems Technologies, Inc.
5412 Hilldale Court
Fort Collins, CO 80526
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 224-2556
M. Azimi-Sadjadi
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:In-Situ Adaptation For Underwater Target Detection and Classification Using An Information Theoretic Approach
Abstract:A critical need of the U.S. Navy is the development of a reliable, efficient and robust underwater target detection and classification system that can operate in real-time with various sonar systems and in different environmental and operating conditions. To maintain performance in such conditions, new solutions are needed to update the detection and classification systems in-situ in response to environmental and operational changes. The main goal of this Phase I research is to develop innovative solutions that offer in-situ learning ability for classification and possible identification of underwater targets using (a) a model-reference mechanism that incorporates input/output relations within a set of a new samples with class/within-class labels and confidence scores, (b) a relevance-feedback mechanism that attempts to capture expert operators high-level decision-making concepts via operators feedback, (c) an information-theoretic selective sampling method to extract the most informative training samples from the new environment, and (d) demonstration of the effectiveness of the algorithms on sonar data sets. The unique advantage of our proposed solutions is the ability to offer system flexibility while preserving the stability of the previously learnt information. Additionally, the system is simple and amenable for real-time implementation on a wide variety of sensor platforms.

Signal Innovations Group, Inc.
1009 Slater Rd. Suite 200
Durham, NC 27703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 323-3452
Patrick Rabenold
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:In situ learning for underwater object recognition
Abstract:We propose a principled in situ learning framework that is appropriate for a Bayesian classifier implemented with semi-supervised and multi-task learning. We will investigate several different forms of in situ learning, and will perform testing on measured data to help define which is most appropriate for Navy sensing missions. In addition, we will develop new techniques for feature adaptivity and selection, to tune the features to the particular targets and clutter in the environment under test.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Joseph Yadegar
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Incremental Knowledge Assimilator
Abstract:Mine countermeasures is an important aspect of Navy reconnaissance interests and reliable mine detection still remains a challenge. For automatic mine detection in underwater sonar applications, research has indicated that the identifying the context of the scene will improve the recognition performance. Further, there is a need to constantly update and modify the representative knowledge base with information from new target and background samples. Based on advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence and their sophisticated applications to intelligent imaging solutions, we propose an Incremental Knowledge Assimilator that can identify the environmental context in the scene and optimally incorporates new and relevant data samples into the knowledge base (classifier) in an incremental fashion with minimal memory and computation requirements. The incremental learning algorithm is designed to facilitate concept drift. Since the goal of the system is to learn perpetually, it lays higher stress on learning the patterns the each mode of the distribution (or each class) rather than focusing merely on the separation of classes. We present preliminary performance results to validate our methodology.

Nova Photonics, Inc.
One Oak Place
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 258-5631
Fred Levinton
NAVY 09-067      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optical Filter for Submarine Laser Communications
Abstract:Nova Photonics proposes to design an optical filter that will be tailored specifically to the submarine-laser communication application. The filter will be tunable/reconfigurable to operate at a set of chosen wavelengths within the 450 nm to 550 nm range. It will feature a field-of-view and bandpass that are optimized to take advantage of solar dark bands and available laser technology. It will have a large aperture and high transmission.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Scherer
NAVY 09-067      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Atomic Resonance Filter for Undersea Laser Communication
Abstract:The proposed Small Business Innovative Research Phase I program will develop a compact, efficient, narrowband optical filter for use in undersea laser communications. The active Mg atomic resonance filter will employ pump lasers in combination with a communications laser beam at 518 nm to drive Mg atoms in a vapor cell to an excited state, and monitor fluorescence from the excited state to deliver an efficient, narrow bandwidth method of light detection. The target application is a receiver link in a free- space laser communications system between airborne and undersea vehicles. During the Phase I program Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will build a bench prototype of the active atomic resonance filter and characterize its operation at the communications wavelength in terms of bandwidth and efficiency. During the Phase II program PSI will draw on the experience of its wholly owned subsidiary, Q-Peak, to deliver a compact, deployable version of the optical filter for field testing in a marine environment. In the development beyond the Phase II program, PSI will team employ the expertise of Q-Peak in the area of high-power blue-green laser development for a complete system integration of an undersea laser communications link.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 954-6049
Amber Fischer
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Sensor And Track Fusion for Collaborative Reconnaissance (SEA TRAFFCR)
Abstract:The driving force behind ONR’s unmanned sea surface vehicle (USSV) program is the great potential for these versatile vehicles to support Navy ships in the littoral environment. However, if USSVs are to fulfill this expectation, efforts must be made to make them less challenging to operate in order to reduce the manpower footprint. In a perfect world, these systems would be cooperative heterogeneous mobile entities balancing resource allocation, onboard/offboard processing, prioritization, and communications themselves. To meet this challenge, 21st Century Systems, Incorporated (21CSI) is pleased to propose the Sensor And Track Fusion for Collaborative Reconnaissance (SEA TRAFFCR) concept. We propose to exploit the synergy between an innovative data correlation/fusion concept and a novel track correlation and association algorithm. The marriage of these innovative algorithms create a tool that will combine sensor data and tracks from heterogeneous and distributed sources into an accurate and timely common operating picture. With our impressive track record of being able to transition technology (100th percentile on the DoD commercialization index) and our strong research and development team, 21CSI is the right team at the right time to propel the USSV program to its littoral destiny.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4813
Olivier Toupet
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Mobile-Agent-Based Collaborative Sensor Fusion
Abstract:The network-centric warfare concept relies heavily on disparate sensor information, coming from the ground (e.g. special ops), the surface (including USVs), various manned and unmanned air vehicles, and space, all processed and made available on tactical and strategic networks to a variety of users. Many such sensors distributed in a littoral environment would result in a complex mesh of information, motivating fusion approaches that take into consideration the communication and energy constraints of the sensors. Such complex fusion, processing, and distribution concepts will require next-generation solutions including automated sensor tasking, information and network management, distributed data fusion, and new approaches to information distribution. Aurora is proposing to develop an approach that covers all the aspects of the solicited technology from the study of sensors and how to most efficiently combine them for multi-target tracking (MTT), to the implementation of advanced data fusion and association techniques from geographically distributed, heterogeneous sensors, to the development of a communication and energy efficient network architecture based on the innovative mobile agent concept, that will provide operators with a reliable operational picture. Aurora’s experience on multi-vehicle coordination and sensor fusion for MTT puts it in a unique position to meet the challenges of this solicitation.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Scott Harrison
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Data Integration across Distributed Autonomous Sensor Platforms (DIDASP)
Abstract:Unmanned vehicles have become an increasingly important tool of the U.S. armed forces in recent military conflicts. It is critical that these vehicles be able to fuse data from a variety of heterogeneous, widely dispersed sensor platforms into meaningful information, and share that information in a timely manner among groups of friendly manned and unmanned units. Charles River Analytics proposes an effort to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a system supporting Data Integration over Distributed Autonomous Sensor Platforms (DIDASP). We will construct a system that uses Probabilistic Relational Models to fuse local sensor data on a simulated USV. This data will be shared across a network of simulated USVs, that will be able to incorporate the distributed data into their own fusion efforts in turn, thereby creating a clearer common operational picture for the entire network. Human operators will be able to query the network for specific information about any given sensor contact detected by the USVs. They will also be able to use a rules engine to establish a set of automatic update and alert criteria.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
W. Monach
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Decentralized and Autonomous Data Fusion Service (DADFS)
Abstract:In this SBIR project Daniel H. Wagner Associates will develop a Decentralized and Autonomous Data Fusion Service (DADFS) for heterogeneous Unmanned Vehicles (UVs) that, when incorporated into existing and future UV platforms and UV command and control systems, will (1) create a Common Operational Picture (COP) on each UV node using sensor data from all communicating UV nodes and any other available relevant additional data; (2) synchronize this COP across all UV nodes within the constraints of the available limited and intermittent communications links by making optimal use of available bandwidth; and (3) (when human operators are available) provide alerts, requests for assistance, and the relevant COP information to UV operators in an intuitive and quickly/accurately comprehended manner. We will design and implement DADFS so that it (1) can be easily integrated into existing and future UV platform and command and control architectures, and (2) minimizes the processing and bandwidth necessary to generate and synchronize the COP, and also minimizes the operator time spent interacting with the COP.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Liang Tang
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Mobile-Agent-Based Autonomous Data Fusion for Distributed Sensors
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC in collaboration with Wright State University and Northrop Grumman, proposes to develop and demonstrate a mobile-agent-based decentralized data fusion system that fuses the data from geographically-dispersed heterogeneous sensors into an integrated ISR information system. Unlike conventional centralized methods, in which each sensor sends local information to a processing center for integration, in the proposed approach, data will first be processed on the sensor nodes, then fused locally within a group of unmanned vehicles using lightweight mobile-agents before the information is further fused at system level. Instead of transmitting large amounts of data over the network, the mobile-agent with partially integrated results migrates from one node to another performing data fusion at each node visited. This results in a reliable power-efficient data fusion process that improves decision accuracy in a progressive fashion without requiring a high bandwidth. The system will be built on a hierarchical open system architecture using standard protocols while the software implementation and integration will follow a well-established system engineering approach. At the conclusion of Phase I, a design concept will be developed and feasibility will be demonstrated through software simulation using typical littoral ISR scenarios.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 792-8904
Mark Anderson
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Distributed Fusion for Sensor Fields - MP 04-09
Abstract:A new distributed data fusion system design will result from this Phase I SBIR project. The new data fusion system will be tailored to geographically disperse sensor fields that can be formed by a group of manned or unmanned vehicles. Autonomous operation will be emphasized, with prioritization assigned to selected target tracks and timely alerts provided to system operators. The NodestarPlus software program is a multi-target tracker developed by Metron for heterogeneous sensor fields in anti-submarine warfare applications. Metron has also developed the Multiple-Source Correlation and Tracking (MCT) data fusion architecture. The MCT architecture minimizes data exchange requirements while allowing each network node to reproduce an identical copy of the common operating picture. The new distributed fusion system will combine NodestarPlus and MCT technologies. Feasibility of the hybrid fusion concept will be validated using simulations studies in Phase I.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Adel Al-Fallah
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Integrated Multiplatform-Multisource Decentralized Information Fusion for Heterogeneous Distributed Sensor Systems
Abstract:Autonomous decentralized multiplatform information fusion in littoral and riverine environments using dispersed and highly disparate heterogeneous sensors on unmanned systems is a major theoretical and practical challenge. Besides highly diverse information types, systems of this kind must deal with potentially large target numbers, closely- spaced targets, potentially dense clutter, limited communication bandwidth and intermittency. The Scientific Systems Company, Inc. (SSCI) team proposes a foundational approach, based on five innovations: (1) a multisensor-multitarget likelihood function f_{k+1}(Z_{k+1}|X) that encapsulates all relevant information regarding the characteristics of the various sensors situated on various platforms; (2) unified probabilistic representation and Bayesian processing of heterogeneous information types, such as radar, EO/IR images, acoustics, and even inference rules and natural-language statements; (3) a dynamic "tactical importance function" (TIF) that mathematically specifies the meaning of target prioritization ("tactical significance") for a given theater at any given moment, thus providing a statistical basis for automatic operator alerting; (4) integration of these concepts with track-before-detect filters; and (5)theoretically rigorous incorporation of the constraints due to the platform, terrain, and other communication- systems topologies and constraints. Under this approach, information from disparate fixed or mobile netted sensors---including those providing feature information---can be adaptively and optimally fused to create a common operational picture, based on a dynamically changing definition of target importance. Our project team includes Lockheed Martin, iRobot, and Kairos Autonomi. Lockheed Martin will provide both technical and commercialization support in the application of data fusion for Distributed Sensor Systems. iRobot and Kairos Autonomi will support fabrication of a prototype system in Phase II.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
Bhanumathi Chelluri
NAVY 09-069      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Improved Electrical Contact Materials for Extremely High Current Sliding Contact Materials
Abstract:For Naval railgun technology to be a reality launch package armature mass and armature induced rail wear must be significantly reduced. Lighter materials with enhanced electro- thermal properties and mechanical properties equivalent to current aluminum alloys are required. IAP is proposing the development of a powder metal (P/M) magnesium armature material reinforced with aligned carbon nano-tube (CNT) fibers, which will significantly enhance the electro-thermal performance of the armature material. With appropriate alignment of the CNT fibers we expect to achieve armature mass reductions of 15-45% over conventional Al6061-T6 and Al7075-T6 materials. In addition, Magnesium P/M armatures may be beneficial to bore life in that they will not with potential rail surface materials such as steel.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 328-5800
Jason Sebastian
NAVY 09-069      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Improved Electrical Contact Materials for Extremely High Current Sliding Contact Materials
Abstract:QuesTek proposes to apply its Materials by Design® technology to the design and development of a new material for Navy railgun armature applications. Microstructural concepts for new alloy designs will focus on improved strength, on improved conductivity (electrical and thermal), increased heat capacity, and on reduced reactivity (specifically, interactions between the armature and rail materials). In all cases, it is not simply the ambient properties that are important, but also their dependence on temperature—the railgun environment is a dynamic one where temperatures rise rapidly, and where local melting of the armature at the rail/armature interface is ubiquitous. An important aspect of QuesTek’s alloy design will be the mitigation of so-called “liquation cracking” in current armature materials. In the SBIR program, we will work closely with our OEM partner (General Atomics) to carefully define the critical property and performance criteria for advanced armatures. Prototype alloy designs will be produced and tested at laboratory scale in Phase I. In Phase II, final alloy designs could be produced at intermediate scale, and actual armatures could be fabricated and tested in conjunction with our OEM partner.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 713-5230
Paul Leisher
NAVY 09-070      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Laser Diodes for Eye-Safe LADAR
Abstract:High-power solid state lasers operating beyond 1300-nm have been proposed as “eye- safer” sources in military applications such as LADAR and directed energy weapons. Erbium-doped solid state lasers provide an attractive gain medium due to emission at eyesafe wavelengths , and the potential for low and ultra-low quantum defect pumping by diode lasers operating around 1470-nm and 1532-nm, respectively . As a result, there is currently great interest in the further development of high-power, high-efficiency diode lasers at these wavelengths to better enable efficient (direct) pumping of such laser systems. Under the proposed Phase 1 program, nLight will design, grow, fabricate, test, and deliver to the Navy (or a recipient of their choosing) a 50W (rated, 25 ºC) compact, conductively-cooled diode laser pump module, coupled to a 200 µm core, 0.22 NA fiber. The unit will emit at 1532 nm with a linewidth of 0.3 nm FWHM with an electrical-to-optical efficiency (measured at the fiber output) of 35%. As an option to the program, nLight will conduct a second iteration of design, growth, and fabrication to target improved temperature performance.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2547
Igor Kudryashov
NAVY 09-070      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Laser Diodes for Eye-Safe LADAR
Abstract:Fiber coupled pump source is solicited with a desired power of 50W into a 300 micron fiber core, spectral stability at 1470nm or 1532nm, and a line width smaller than 0.5nm. We present several concepts to be studied to develop this pump laser based on our existing design capabilities and experience. Scientist from Princeton Lightwave have been involved in several government funded R&D activities in the field of InP based pump lasers and Er:YAG laser systems, and we plan on building on this knowledge base and experience to develop the solution solicited. We propose to compare two approaches: 1. Mini-bars with custom emitters and pitch and 2. Single emitters. Both solutions will be tested to a degree that will allow us to decide on the merits of each one of them and to design the actual laser system. We also propose an optional phase in which we will deepen the investigation to include a third approach: to use single-mode emitters in a mini- bar format. We propose to test this approach and to investigate the possibility of spectral combining - other than the spatial and polarization approached which will be investigated in Phase I.

Jenius, LLC
P.O. Box 1617
Pasadena, MD 21123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 904-3631
Jennifer Narkevicius
NAVY 09-071      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optimized Manning and Crew Design Tools for Future Surface and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Manpower is a huge driver of Life Cycle Cost and Total Ownership Cost and cannot be ignored in the acquisition of new materiel systems. To maintain high levels of mission effectiveness while reducing the required manpower Human Systems Integration (HSI) must be an integral part of the acquisition, requirements, and design processes. HSI can be utilized to bring manpower analyses closer to systems engineering analyses, ensuring that these technologies best support the crewmembers that must interact with them. The overall goal of this three phase SBIR effort is to design and develop a flexible framework and architecture for a suite of optimized manning and crew design tools that can be utilized to assess HSI aspects of new or updated ship designs. Phase I tasks include gathering required CONOPS for a selected surface or undersea platform and associated empirical human performance data to leverage, extend, and integrate selected current tools, models, data and algorithms.

OptTek Systems, Inc.
1919 Seventh Street
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 447-3255
James Kelly
NAVY 09-071      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:OptCrew: Optimized Manning and Crew Design Tools for Future Surface and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Recognizing the need to reduce manpower costs overall, the Navy has undertaken new strategies in weapon systems design, with a focus on significantly reducing manpower and workload requirements. The necessary next step is to develop OptCrew, a suite of tools and models to help identify the optimal design for future platforms, providing a balance of system capability with human affordability without sacrificing mission effectiveness. OptCrew will help manpower planners identify high workload drivers and other design aspects that drive excessive manpower costs, such as lengthy training pipelines or maintenance requirements that may be workload-intensive or require training- intensive skill sets. Furthermore, these will be linked to specific operational contexts in order to formulate the appropriate metrics, necessary for the quantitative analyses of the proposed alternatives.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3902
Robert Kurzawa
NAVY 09-071      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optimized Manning and Crew Design Tools for Future Surface and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Sonalysts, Inc. proposes to develop a flexible framework and architecture for a suite of optimized manning and crew design tools that will assist the Navy to accurately estimate shipboard manpower requirements and suggest alternative system designs for optimizing the manpower on future Naval platforms. Current and historical methods and tools have been limited in scope (either too high or too granular a level of analysis), have poorly addressed some key factors impacting manning, and have lacked validation. The objective of this research project will be to develop an HSI integration CONOPS for a selected surface platform acquisition program by examining the current HSI integration process across the MPTE/JCIDS, and Acquisition processes to verify anticipated user needs. We will then assess the feasibility of integrating currently available tools, models, and algorithms into an HSI tool suite architecture capable of providing relevant information within the CONOPS framework. The Sonalysts research project team has pertinent experience in HSI including tool development, MPTE and PPBES, and the DoD Requirements and Acquisition systems. This research project will provide the U. S. Navy with a new capability to perform accurate manpower estimations and alternative crew design assessments.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jeffrey Breedlove
NAVY 09-072      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Compact Turbo-Rankine Bottoming Cycle
Abstract:Electric generators for military and civilian applications produce large amounts of waste heat. This heat can produce additional electric power via a bottoming cycle. The resulting power would enable the use of more electronic devices and/or reduce fuel consumption and its associated costs and logistical burdens. Large power plants frequently use bottoming cycles, but smaller generators rarely include them. The primary reason is that the bottoming systems would be relatively large and inefficient for the low heat source temperatures and low power capacities associated with mobile generators. Fundamental thermodynamic limits, scaling penalties, and manufacturing constraints are the greatest limitations. Fortunately, Creare has focused intense effort on the development of miniature turbomachines, heat exchangers, and thermodynamic systems for nearly 30 years, making us an ideal candidate for this project. We propose to develop a 10 kWe turbo- Rankine system that can be used as either a bottoming cycle or a standalone generator. The resulting system will have extremely high power density and efficiency. We will perform design analyses, conduct trade studies, develop preliminary designs for the components and system, and assess producibility and life-cycle costs during Phase I; followed by fabrication and testing of a breadboard turbo-Rankine generator during Phase II.

Johnson Research & Development Co., Inc.
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
James Muller
NAVY 09-072      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Power Dense Bottoming Cycles for Microturbine Energy Recovery
Abstract:The United States Navy (USN) is seeking innovative, power dense bottoming cycles for use in conjunction with microturbines. We propose a transformative and innovative, solid- state heat engine, the Johnson Thermoelectric Energy Converter (JTEC, US Patent 7,160,839) as an efficient power generator for advanced waste heat recovery for electricity generation. The JTEC technology was given a 2008 Breakthrough Award by Popular Mechanics and has also been featured in IEEE magazine “Spectrum”. The engine is a direct heat to electric converter and can operate on a very wide range of heat source temperatures. The JTEC, which operates on the Carnot equivalent Ericsson cycle, can efficiently and directly convert thermal energy to electricity. The targeted power output for the bottoming cycle is 10kW at full load with a source temperature of 260°C. Preliminary models suggest that the JTEC can achieve the goals suggested in this solicitation.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5818
John Dieckmann
NAVY 09-072      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Power Dense Bottoming Cycles for Microturbine Energy Recovery
Abstract:TIAX LLC proposes to develop an organic Rankine bottoming cycle utilizing a scroll expander with HFC-245fa working fluid, which will use the waste heat content from the exhaust from a microturbine to generate additional elecric power. The scroll expander provides high efficiency at both on and off design conditions and at full and part load conditions. THe design of the scroll expander is a derivative of the existing TIAX carbon dioxide expander technology. HFC-245fa is a benign, readily available working fluid whose thermodynamic properties allow a large amount of the heat content of the microturbine exhaust to be utilized. The proposed scroll expander technology is also applicable to bottoming cycles for heavy duty truck engines, where the expander would be mechanically connected to the engine shaft via the accessory belt drive.

Eikos, Inc.
2 Master Drive
Franklin, MA 02038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 528-0300
David Britz
NAVY 09-073      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Large-Volume Production of Monodisperse Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:The holy grail of nanotube research is to obtain batches of specific types, chiralities and diameters of carbon nanotubes. Eikos proposes to assess several methods already verified methods for producing monodisperse nanotubes for their scalability. Eikos will attempt several aqueous-based methods to separate nanotubes, including centrifugation- and electrophoresis-based methods. Eikos brings a decade of experience in nanotube purification, dispersion, separation, coating, and characterization. This experience has shown us the most relevant variables for producing monodisperse nanotubes, regardless of separation technique. We will apply this experience to specific separation techniques, use our results in a bottom-up cost and scalability model, and then assess which techniques are most likely to scale economically and produce useful quantities of monodisperse nanotube fractions. If successful, Eikos will overcome one of the last barriers in realizing the full commercial potential of carbon nanotubes for optics and electronics.

NanoIntegris, Inc.
8025 Lamon Avenue Suite 43
Skokie, IL 60077
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 581-1481
Nathan Yoder
NAVY 09-073      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Large-Volume Production of Monodisperse Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:In this Phase I project and the corresponding Phase I Option, we will investigate the feasibility of utilizing density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU) for the production of large quantities of high-purity, semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes with a narrow diameter distribution (1.3-1.7 nm). In Phase I, we will focus on streamlining our DGU process in order to enhance its scalability. We will subsequently adapt our streamlined process to operating parameters that will make it compatible with larger capacity equipment. In the Phase I Option, we will optimize our streamlined process to improve its key figures of merit, including yield, mass output, and purity.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
David Schut
NAVY 09-073      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Large-Volume Production of Monodisperse Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:A prototype high-volume continuous-flow carbon nanotube (CNT) synthesis process will be developed to implement a process that has demonstrated >95% yields of high-purity CNTs. The reactor’s multi-zone furnace and direct-injection catalyst delivery system will be placed under computer control, and the product stream will be delivered to a modified version of an existing flow-synthesis reactor. This system will be used to provide the capability to deagglomerate, purify, functionalize, stabilize, and characterize the CNTs. In- line product characterization and control monitoring will be integrated, including UV-VIS- NIR photoluminescence, Raman, pH, and time-resolved fluorescence. In-line centrifuging and size-exclusion chromatography will be used to sort the CNT product. The product will be analyzed using X-ray, electron-microscope, and thermal gravitational methods. The flexibility and control of the continuous-flow system will allow statistically significant measure of the process quality — allowing for efficient scaling. Life-cycle cost, including capital requirements, for a multi-ton/day factory will be performed alongside an environmental impact analysis. The results of the Phase I program will result in a complete end-to-end demonstration of the prototype system. These results will be used in Phase II to optimize the CNT manufacturing, and scale to moderate-volume production.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6061
Michael Ellis
NAVY 09-074      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Vortex Enhanced Direct Contact Heat Exchanger for Navy HVAC
Abstract:As thermal management requirements aboard Navy platforms increase, conventional HVAC technology is becoming a liability in terms of mass, volume, and heat transfer capability. Future thermal demands will increase and the majority of this load will be handled by either the HVAC or chilled water system. Advances in heat exchanger technology are necessary to remove the increased thermal energy without imposing significant mass and volume penalties. To address this issue, ACT intends to develop an advanced direct contact HVAC heat exchanger capable of providing an estimated 85% mass and 15% volume reduction, improved heat transfer performance, and increased throughput as compared with traditional cooling coils. In addition, this heat exchanger offers inherent, 95% efficient filtration of particles larger than 5 ƒÝm and the option of improved biocontaminant control. The objective of the proposed work is to develop a heat exchanger capable of providing 1 ton of cooling per 1.8 gpm of 4.4 ¢XC (40 ¢XF) water with face velocities of 1000 ft/min and no moisture carry-over while providing reduced system mass and volume compared with current cooling coil technology. Completion of these tasks will involve complete analytical modeling of the proposed system, prototype design, and performance testing.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8302
John Kelly
NAVY 09-074      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Compact and Efficient Cooling Coils for Naval Systems
Abstract:More compact and efficient cooling coils are needed to address increased heat management loads on Navy systems. Altex has identified an advanced cooling coil approach that can achieve the needed cooling, at half the typical cooling water flow, at face velocities exceeding 1000 fpm, without condensate carryover. Preliminary tests have shown the heat transfer potential of the concept. Under the proposed Phase I project, the concept will be adapted to the Navy cooling coil application of interest; and the performance and cost benefits of the concept will be determined, versus alternative techniques. In support of this assessment effort, a test article will be built and tested. These efforts will show the feasibility of the concept for cooling coil applications of interest.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Woodrow Holley
NAVY 09-074      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Performance Lightweight Heat Exchanger for Naval Systems
Abstract:KaZaK Composites and our partners propose to develop an innovative concept to replace legacy cooling coils on Naval Systems. The solution will optimize heat transfer from the high-velocity air flows to a cooling agent (water supply line), at the same time reducing moisture carryover by employing advanced materials and coating technologies. The solution will use lightweight materials featuring excellent thermal properties. Weight and cost savings will ensue not only from the lower bulk density of the material employed, but also from the fact that less water will be necessary to run through the porous foam to provide cooling power. Additionally, advanced coating techniques will reduce moisture carryover and improve condensate collection. Using the collective expertise of our academic and industry partners, a detailed concept will be developed, and extensive analytical work will be conducted to confirm the feasibility of such approach. If awarded a Phase II, our team will apply Phase I concept and materials to the fabrication of a full scale cooling element to replace the legacy model DW 61.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Roger Paulsen
NAVY 09-075      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Power Hopping Filter
Abstract:Mobile command and control vehicles must communicate on several communication nets. With several radio systems on board, the antenna signature of these vehicles can get very large and increase the vehicle’s rate of identification by unfriendly forces. Co-site interference is also an issue on these vehicles, and the interference gets worse when multiple radios share a single antenna to reduce the antenna signature. Current systems for reducing co-site interference in command and control vehicles are large and consume a significant amount of power. DataSoft proposes to research a high power multiplexer design that is much smaller and uses much less power than the existing systems. This will be accomplished with DataSoft’s innovative tunable filters that can handle high power levels yet have a very small form factor. These narrowband, high Q tunable filters have excellent linearity and will enable the USMC to operate up to eight SINCGARS radios using a single antenna. With the DataSoft system, the USMC command and control vehicles can operate up to eight SINCGARS nets without increasing their antenna signature and with minimal impact on maximum communication range.

WaveCon
1432 Mandeville Place
Escondido, CA 92029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 747-6922
Kenneth Johnson
NAVY 09-075      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Power Hopping Filter
Abstract:This SBIR analyzes approaches for high power VHF hopping filters in which eight filters are used in a multi-coupler configuration so that a single antenna can provide signals to eight SINCGARS radios. Three approaches were studied: 1) a filter with series connected diodes, 2) a filter with shunt connected diodes and 3) a combline filter. A series input L-C bandpass filter is described which can meet the high power, tunability, insertion loss and out-of-band rejection. A series cascade of two filters is used to get the out-of-band rejection. Tuning is done by use of multiple pin diodes/capacitors combination in which the capacitor combinations are selected by pin diode switching. A transient analysis was done to determine the required voltage and current capability for the devices. Devices are available which will withstand the high power, current, and voltage. The multi-coupler provides a switch around the second of the 2-filter cascade to permit improved radio performance. A T/R Switch/limiter circuit prevents the 50 watts from damaging the radios. An analysis done on eight hopping filters in a multi-coupler showed that there was little interaction between the filters.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
4515 Seton Center Parkway Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Laura Hitt
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:ASCRIBE
Abstract:Asymmetric actors and the networks in which they operate are prominent components in the modern battlespace. While the United States has developed sophisticated data gathering capabilities and recent technological innovations have led to improved information fusion, massive volumes of data remain unused or under-used because the data cannot be converted into the information that the warfighter needs. Consequently, situational awareness is impaired, many individuals and networks are not understood, and warfighters are often forced to “fly blind” over the human terrain. To address this gap, 21st Century Technologies (21CT) proposes ASCRIBE – Adapting SNA Computations and Relevant Intelligence for Behavior Extrapolation. ASCRIBE will marry the computational science capable of producing high-level mathematical models of human activity with the social science that allows the creation of behavioral models of individual people and networks. ASCRIBE leverages 21CT’s extensive experience in processing, refining and fusing intelligence data on asymmetric actors and networks. For the ASCRIBE project, we have partnered with Professor Sean Everton, of the Naval Postgraduate School, who is a social scientist specializing in the study of dark networks and asymmetric threat actors. ASCRIBE will research and ultimately realize technology that fills a critical gap in our ability to exploit intelligence data

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
James Stokes
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Representation Environment for Translated Network Analyses (RETNA)
Abstract:Driven by immediate homeland security concerns, much recent research has focused on formal predictive methodologies. The effectiveness and even the appropriateness of these methodologies continue to be hotly debated. Analyses focused at the organizational or mid-range level of group activity offer an alternative approach with potential for significant near term return. Social network analysis is a mature research area which has already proven useful in mid-range analyses. Measures of centrality (betweenness, closeness, etc.) are key products of social network analysis, with clear applicability to threat anticipation. A substantial number of measures are already available, but the relative utility of any particular measure for any given task is seldom obvious to the non- specialist. CHI Systems, Inc. will develop a Representation Environment for Translation of Network Analyses (RETNA). RETNA will provide task-appropriate translations of network measures into behavioral attributes. Ultimately, the resulting environment will allow analysts to simultaneously visualize networks and individual behavioral metadata and, in turn, relate those visualizations to the analyst’s current situational awareness through temporal and geographical context. Leveraging existing network analysis software, RETNA will provide an environment in which analysts will be able to efficiently integrate translated network metrics into the larger analysis process.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5015
Jonathan Day
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Context Oriented Subject Matter Intelligence Capture (COSMIC)
Abstract:In an insurgency — a type of conflict characterized as a “learning contest” due to the extreme flexibility and adaptability of insurgent tactics and operations — the force that is able to perform the most thorough and rapid exploitation of its intelligence data will gain an important advantage. This learning contest provides a sharp contrast to a static form of the same problem. Because the enemy is constantly changing their tactics, a learning contest requires tools and systems that can re-solve and readjust solutions on an ongoing basis. The DAC Team’s unique approach to the problem of winning the learning contest combines the creativity, experience and intuition of SMEs with our powerful suite of data mining, machine learning and social network modeling algorithms. The system we propose to develop under this SBIR effort will foster a partnership between the human expert and our advanced ML algorithms that amplifies the capabilities of both. To develop an innovative and multi-disciplinary social network modeling service we have assembled a team whose background matches the problem space. Under our Content-Oriented Subject Matter Intelligence Capture (COSMIC) approach to social network analysis and modeling, SME activity is divided into three broad phases: Discovery of the information present in the available data, Probabilistic Modeling of social networks and Analysis using the models to understand the current situation and predict future events. The result is an accelerated inductive reasoning and learning process that produces automatable, expressive, high-fidelity social models of the battlespace.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Andrew DeCarlo
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Translation of network metrics to behavior attributes
Abstract:Human social networks describe the social interactions among individuals and groups. The interactions of a human social network can be simple or complex, and the interactions among nodes can change depending on the social context. The ability to understand and accurately predict human behaviors has been sought for a long time, and recent studies of social networks by using network theory allow novel predictive models for human behaviors. However, current social network analysis approaches do not effectively identify the social interactions that reveal human behaviors, nor do they display the interactions among nodes or consider the effects of time on the social network. Infoscitex (IST) proposes the Reveal and Predict Social Behavior (RPSB) approach, which analyzes human social behavior with regard to social context. Additionally, RPSB uses directed social network graphs to show the direction of social interaction, and therefore hierarchy and relative importance within a network. RPSB also uses time delay and interaction time in considering an interaction’s importance. At the completion of Phase II, we will integrate RPSB into a distributed software/firmware tool that conforms to service-oriented architecture (SOA) standards.

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Azad Madni
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:TRANSMet™ : Human Network Behavior Analysis and Prediction
Abstract:Human network analysis using traditional network metrics tends to be impoverished when it comes to understanding or predicting the behavior of the human network. To overcome this limitation, requires the addition of behavioral semantics to the human nodes in the network. Specifically, there is a need for defining and computing novel network metrics which can be translated into behavioral attributes that can be associated with human nodes as behavioral metadata and visualized in actionable form. This SBIR effort is concerned with developing an analysis engine that can compute network metrics from raw network data, identify applicable behavior attributes from the network metrics, and update node descriptors with new behavioral metadata on an ongoing basis. With this capability in place, it becomes ultimately possible to predict the response of the human network to different stimuli. Phase I of this effort is intended to establish the feasibility and tractability of the overall approach with arbitrary data sets that include ground truth.

Los Gatos Research
67 East Evelyn Ave. Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 965-7772
An-Dien Nguyen
NAVY 09-077      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Acoustic Emission Monitoring System for Condition Based Maintenance
Abstract:Los Gatos Research proposes to develop a multi-channel, distributed fiber optic sensor instrumentation, capable of monitoring acoustic emission (AE) for rapid detection of impact damage and cracks in structural components. Our novel sensor technology offers a number of advantages including sensor compactness and lightweight with multiplexing capability for load, temperature, and AE for monitoring, characterizing, and locating damages in metal structures and components. We achieve this by employing Bragg grating sensor arrays and using a novel interrogation technique combined with state-of- the-art AE method to detect AE events from growing cracks in the presence of quasi- static background strain field. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the sensor’s capability to monitor AE in a loaded (mechanical and thermal) aluminum panel using four FBG sensors and four piezoelectric sensors. The sensitivity of the system will be compared theoretically and experimentally to that of standard piezoelectric AE transducers. In Phase II, the grating sensors, interrogation system, and AE software will be integrated into a multi-channel, stand alone, dynamically reconfigurable, adaptive AE monitoring system with a small foot print.

Redondo Optics, Inc.
811 N. Catalina Avenue, Suite 1100
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 292-7673
Edgar Mendoza
NAVY 09-077      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Adaptive Fiber Optic Acoustic Emission Sensor (FAESense) System for Condition Based Maintenance
Abstract:In Phase I of this program, Redondo Optics Inc. (ROI), proposes to design, build, and demonstrate to the Navy a next generation, stand-alone and fully integrated, dynamically reconfigurable, adaptive fiber optic acoustic emission sensor (FAESense™) system for the in-situ unattended detection and localization of shock events, impact damage, cracks, voids, and delaminations in new and aging DoD critical infrastructures found in ships, submarines, aircraft, and in next generation weapon systems. ROI’s FAESense™ system is based on the integration of proven state-of-the-art technologies: 1) distributed array of in-line fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) sensors sensitive to strain, vibration, and acoustic emissions, 2) adaptive spectral demodulation of FBG sensor dynamic signals using two- wave mixing interferometry on photorefractive semiconductors, and 3) integration of all the sensor system passive and active opto-electronic components at the microchip level. In Phase II the FAESense™ system will be fully engineer and package for extensive testing and qualification on selected Navy platforms. In Phase III the FAESense™ technology will be transition to Navy operations, other DoD branches, and the commercial sector.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joseph Homitz
NAVY 09-078      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Development of an Active Submersible Thermal Protection System for Hot/Cold Water Environments
Abstract:Current submersible thermal protection technology is not capable of meeting the requirements of very cold water or hot water operations in a Shallow Water Combat Submersible. Thermal protection equipment for divers in these situations will be expected to operate for durations in excess of 8 hours in temperatures below 37ºF as well as temperatures above 90ºF. Mainstream has proposed an active thermal protection system that can be easily utilized as either a heating device and a cooling device without reconfiguring the system. The proposed system will be diver-mounted and will have minimal volume and weight characteristics.

Rini Technologies Inc
582 South Econ Circle
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 359-7138
Daniel Rini
NAVY 09-078      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Untethered Diver Cooling and Heating System
Abstract:The objective of this project is to prove the feasibility and develop the components of a system for cooling a diver in the Shallow Water Combat Submersible (SWCS). RINI Technologies, Inc. is developing a Free Diver (untethered) Heating System (FDHS) for NAVSEA through a Phase II SBIR and proposes to build a complementary cooling system to provide thermal protection for both cold and warm water diving in contaminated water. Both units are battery powered but can be plugged into a power source of the SWCS for extended (>8 hours) run time. Each of the units proposed will be 10” long, 3” diameter, and 1.2 L volume. The heating system, which will reach TRL-6 in August of 2009, provides 300W of heat via 35°C water to the tube suit in 10°C ambient ocean water while consuming only 111W of electrical power. The proposed cooling unit will provide 250W of cooling via 20°C water in 40°C ambient ocean water, consuming only 115W of electrical power. Through the use of these systems, the Navy can perform un-encumbered long duration dives in contaminated water at temperature extremes in the SWCS and allow for untethered diving.

AOSense, Inc.
767 N Mary Ave
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 735-9500
Michael Matthews
NAVY 09-079      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Portable High-Flux Cold Atom Source
Abstract:We propose to develop a compact and rugged source of cold atoms for atom-based sensors. Our proposal encompasses the laser system, vacuum cell, and electronics required to achieve micro-Kelvin temperatures for 10^8 atoms with a repetition rate faster than 500 ms. We will run simulations and construct 3D models to minimize the size and cost of the vacuum and laser system. Part of the objective is to test alternative methods of maintaining low vacuum, significantly reducing cost. An additional objective is to construct a specialized laser system for less cost than commercial systems. Phase I will focus on demonstrating a simplified vacuum system and laser system, with the option period devoted to demonstrating the cold atom source.

ColdQuanta
5470 Conestoga Court
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 440-1284
Jeramy Hughes
NAVY 09-079      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Reconfigurable and Portable Ultracold Matter Systems
Abstract:Ultracold atoms have shown incredible potential in precision time keeping as well as numerous sensing applications such as high sensitivity magnetometry, precision low-drift inertial navigation, and precision gravitational sensing. Most of the pioneering work related to demonstrating the use of ultracold atoms for these applications has been done on full- sized experimental units that currently occupy entire university or government research laboratories. For years the promise of ultracold for application has been met by technical obstacles, namely the difficulty of producing ultracold matter. ColdQuanta’s commercially available miniature atom chip cell has already begun to address this issue by simplifying the rout to forming ultracold matter. For this SBIR we propose a complete and compact system for attaining ultracold matter in the form of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that is based on ColdQuanta’s chip cell technology. Our vision is that this development work will lead to further the accessibility and development of ultracold atom technology and applications.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Douglas Bennett
NAVY 09-080      Awarded: 8/4/2009
Title:Affordable High Rate Manufacturing Process for High Density Sub-Projectiles
Abstract:The objective of this proposed program is to create a cost effective mass production process using Selective Laser Sintering technology (SLS) to produce complex geometry projectiles for the Navy – on a mass production basis. The existing situation is that the US Navy uses complex-geometry flechette projectiles made of high density tungsten with rail- gun technology. Traditional manufacturing for projectiles, especially those projectiles with complex geometries such as flechettes, can be costly. The high-temperature SLS technology offers the potential to significantly reduce the cost of complex-shape projectiles for the Navy and simultaneously allow for the design of even more complex shapes where the Navy does not have to worry about the manufacturability of the projectiles.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
NAVY 09-080      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Affordable High Rate Manufacturing Process for High Density Sub-Projectiles
Abstract:There is a requirement for lethal high density sub-projectiles that are affordable. Simple shapes, which are relatively inexpensive, lose lethality because of poor ballistic attributes. Machining these simple shapes to change attributes, in order to enhance their lethality, significantly increases the cost of the sub-projectile. TRI/Austin will deliver an optimized design for a high density sub-projectile that meets all of the Navy’s performance requirements, and which is less expensive to manufacture than machining or sintering approaches. The baseline design has been verified through computational analysis of launch and flight modes, including dynamic analysis of the launch loads, and the aerodynamic heating and mechanical loads during ejection. TRI/Austin is adapting highly commercial manufacturing processes to the manufacturing of sub-projectiles. The transition and commercialization of the proposed design will be rapid. The baseline design is adaptable to a variety of penetrator materials and geometries, and the manufacturing process can be readily converted from one projectile design to another. The flight performance of the sub-projectile can be enhanced, higher release altitude, longer flight time, by changing component materials. The manufacturing rate is a function of manufacturing system scaling; hundreds of thousands of sub-projectiles per year are possible with relatively small capital investment.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
James Gorman
NAVY 09-080      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Cold-Formed Tungsten-Copper Hybrid Sub-Projectiles for Maximum EMRG Effectiveness(1001-353)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc. proposes to fabricate low drag, high stability aerodynamic sub- projectiles by a cold forming approach in which a dense and hard Tungsten rod is surrounded by a shaped sleeve of another metal. Detailed design tradeoffs will be completed to evaluate the appropriate proportions of the two materials and the optimal shapes for minimizing sub-projectile energy loss in its terminal trajectory. Several candidate sub-projectiles will be fabricated during the Phase I, using prototype tooling. These will be fired on an instrumented test range to obtain estimates of Ballistic Coefficient and aerodynamic stability, validating computerized trajectory simulations. Triton will be assisted in the Phase I effort by Kline Engineering of Newton NJ and Draper Laboratory of Cambridge MA. Kline Engineering personnel will provide aerodynamic design support and trajectory simulations. Draper will provide carrier projectile integration support and overall system effectiveness background. During the Option Phase , a second iteration of sub-projectile design, prototype manufacturing and testing will occur. The Phase II effort will include adapting and optimizing the most promising sub-projectile designs and tooling up for production in the 1000s of parts per month.

NumerEx
2309 Renard Place SE Suite 220
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 277-4272
John Luginsland
NAVY 09-081      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Dealing with Non-Ideal and Real World Physics in Computational Electron Optics
Abstract:Electron beam optics codes are presently used in the design of vacuum electron devices. The goal in using codes of this type, such as MICHELLE, is to produce a sufficiently accurate design of a device that the manufacturer can build the tube based exclusively on that design. Devices with high-brightness electron beams involve non-ideal physical mechanisms that can cause non-acceptable divergence between the design and the actual device operation. In the proposed work, we will investigate several candidate mechanisms. We will investigate secondary electron emission, particularly at grazing angles of incidence, thermionic and space-charge-limited emission, particularly in how the interplay between the two regimes affect the electron beam, and electron-impact ionization of background gas. Physics models for these effects will be devised, algorithms abstracted from the models, and corresponding code will be tested. The eventual goal is to transfer the algorithms into production-level beam optics codes such as MICHELLE.

Simulation Technology & Applied Research, Inc.
11520 N. Port Washington Rd. Suite 201
Mequon, WI 53092
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(262) 240-0291
John DeFord
NAVY 09-081      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Improved Emission/Ionization Algorithms and Modeling Methodology for Design of High-Brightness Electron Guns
Abstract:High-brightness electron beams are needed for improved power production and reliability of microwave tubes operating in the 80GHz - 300GHz range. At these frequencies, the beam size becomes sufficiently small that beam emittance begins to play a more significant role in the beam dynamics, intensifying thermal management issues and efficiency constraints. To properly model beam formation off the cathode, the intrinsic emittance of the emission due to effects such as material preparation and surface finishing, must be captured in new models. Secondary generation on gun surfaces, particularly on intercepting grids, can lead to thermal tails on the beam and beam halos. Moreover, impact ionization of background gas can enhance beam halos and lead to cathode erosion or poisoning over time, thereby limiting emission life. We propose to develop validated, improved secondary emission and ionization algorithms within the MICHELLE code for modeling high-brightness beam generation, acceleration, and transport. Specifically, these models will capture the non-ideal effects that could lead to beam brightness degradation in electron beam sources commonly used in millimeter-wave tubes. Support for user-control of the new algorithms will be implemented within the MICHELLE interface module in the Analyst finite-element package. Specializations of the Analyst adaptive mesh refinement and optimization functionality will also be developed to improve the capability to design high-brightness guns.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
NAVY 09-082      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Advanced Replanning and Execution Tools for Heterogeneous Unmanned Systems (ARETHUS)
Abstract:Advanced automation capabilities and human-computer interfaces are needed to enhance operator situation awareness and reduce the cognitive work of supervising unmanned vehicle teams in complex airspaces and waterspaces. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Replanning and Execution Tools for Heterogeneous Unmanned Systems (ARETHUS). Three core attributes characterize our approach: First, we will expand prior analyses of unmanned operations to address the operator’s need for observability and directability of automated planning tool behaviors when supervising multiple vehicles. Second, we leverage this analysis to drive the design of: (1) advanced planning algorithms that incorporate both hard domain constraints and soft operator preferences during mission planning and replanning; and (2) ecological mission displays that enhance operator awareness of the relative safety and efficacy of automated plans with respect to individual vehicle and environmental constraints, while intuitively conveying affordances for directing the planning process. Third, we will extend existing in-house planning algorithms, display tools, and simulation environments to rapidly develop working prototypes of ARETHUS component algorithms and mission displays. We will use these prototypes to demonstrate and evaluate our approaches and truly explore the complexities of mission execution and rapid replanning of unmanned vehicles in complex airspaces and waterspaces.

JXT Applications, Inc.
1195 Meadow Bridge Drive, Suite C
Beavercreek, OH 45434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-1566
Kyle Behymer
NAVY 09-082      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Replanning and Operator Situation Awareness Tools for Operation of Unmanned Systems in Complex Airspaces and Waterspaces
Abstract:Unmanned systems operators are frequently required to adjust their plans in response to unexpected events and changes in the battlespace. Advances in information infrastructure and related technologies provide new opportunities for the development of human-machine collaborative systems to support decision-making in this context. The objective of this effort is to develop an automated replanning tool that will enable unmanned system operators to maintain situation awareness when unexpected events occur and respond to these events in a manner that maintains adequate deconfliction with other assets while maintaining mission effectiveness. This project expands and leverages previous research in air operations planning to produce an automated replanning tool for unmanned systems operators that contains a complete representation of the goals and constraints of the battlespace and provides a common framework for a successful collaboration between the human and machine to enable successful systems operations. The resulting system will support functions ranging from maintaining situation awareness of the battlespace, conducting dynamic replanning, developing / selecting alternative plans, support for the control of multiple assets, and helping an operator follow the rules and procedures governing the battlespace .

Image Acoustics, Inc.
97 Elm Street
Cohasset, MA 02025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 383-2002
John Butler
NAVY 09-083      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Power Continuous Duty Transducers
Abstract:There is a need to develop a high power continuous duty, CW, underwater acoustic transducer. Under these operating conditions, transducer heating and fatigue can be the limiting factors in the performance. We propose to investigate these factors, compare two different low frequency transducer designs and determine which one would be best suited for a specific CW system. Although there are current CW sonar systems, such as FM sonar, we will be addressing a new anti- terrorist underwater CW acoustic system. During the Phase I program we will consider thermal conditions and fatigue models on the two specific designs and means for incorporating heat extraction paths. A choice will be made on which transducer is most appropriate for a scaled experimental model which will be fabricated, tested in-air and tested in-water for acoustic and heat performance during the option. After design optimization and FEA heat and fatigue analysis, a full sized transducer and small array would be fabricated for full testing during a possible Phase II program. We propose a program for the development of a practical CW transducer designed for the above intended applications.

Photon Systems
1512 Industrial Park St.
Covina, CA 91722
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 967-6431
William Hug
NAVY 09-084      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Near-real-time reagentless handheld submersible CBRNE sensor
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate feasibility of a hand-held, fully self-contained, submersible, real-time, reagentless sensor weighing less than 10 lbs submerged and capable of rapid detection and classification/recognition of trace concentrations of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives (CBRNE) hazards. The reagentless sensor integrates into a single unit: 1) a deep UV laser based, Rayleigh (R), resonance Raman (RR), native fluorescence (NF), and phosphorescence decay (PD) sensor for short range standoff (1 m) of trace biological and organic materials in the water column and sediments, and passive UV/Vis Cerenkov radiation sensor for radioactive decay, 2) a hybrid Differential Mobility Spectrometer (DMS) with two dual Ion Mobility Spectrometers (IMS2) for measuring a wide array of chemical contaminants including heavy metals and organic and inorganic compounds in the water column, and 3) a Geiger-Muller spectrometer (GMS) for radiation measurement and radionuclide identification. This combination of detection methods in a single, hand-held, reagentless sensor provides a broad, overlapping, and confirming range of information about underwater CBRNE hazards. The sensor suite is rapidly trainable to new threats and hazards. The TRL level for hardware elements within the proposed sensor suite range from TRL 4 to 6 with software ranging from TRL 3 to 6.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gary Mikaelian
NAVY 09-084      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Combined LIBS/Raman Underwater Contaminants Assessment System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a portable underwater-deployed device capable of real- time monitoring of potentially dangerous substances present in the diver-surrounding water and sediment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new underwater contaminants assessment system combining laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), and a Geiger counter – (LIBRA). This innovation in combining the three well-established detection methods into a single portable unit will enable LIBRA to perform comprehensive assessment of the water safety by detecting all possible types of contaminants (chemical, biological, and radiological) and recommend the required protective equipment for the diver. As a result, LIBRA offers low cost, high sensitivity, hardware and software flexibility, autonomous operation, and real-time contaminant assessment capabilities, which directly address the ONR Undersea Medicine Program requirements for a portable handheld unit for assessment of potential dangers to swimmers, divers, and submariners. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of LIBRA by identifying known contaminants and developing a benchtop operational prototype for their detection. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype system for testing in operational environments.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr
Stow, MA 01775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 298-5365
Arnis Mangolds
NAVY 09-085      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Rapid Mobile Geotechnical Measurement System for Amphibious Operations
Abstract:The proposed systems approach referred to as Sea Otter is an integrated family of sensors that can measure trafficability and hydrographic information in a low profile, large area manner. The Sea Otter measures soil strength to a depth of 24-in, shear strength, rolling resistance, grade, and topography in a single system. The design permits flexibility in coverage area and deep penetration under submerged and exposed soils providing high fidelity data. The Sea Otter system includes various delivery options and means of remotely and clandestinely exfiltrating data. The design leverages work performed for dry land operations and extends it to the more challenging underwater regime through adaptation of past research in a unique capability set.

Honeybee Robotics
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 459-7836
Kris Zacny
NAVY 09-085      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Impact penetrometer for Characterizing Soil Properties
Abstract:The primary objective of the proposed effort is to design an impact penetrometer system and analysis method, capable of being deployed remotely by air to a known location at controlled impact velocity, to determine near surface soil geotechnical properties in soft muddy substrates, submerged regions, and soils extending from the waterline to the exits off the beach. From these measurements we intend to infer soil cohesion, internal friction, bearing capacity and qualitative soil density (dense, medium, and loose) to depth on the order of 0.15 m (6 in) to 1 m (40 in). Generally, this depth horizon is the upper 0.15 m (6 in) determines the ability of a soil to support a vehicle’s load for a limited number of passes and soil properties to about 0.4 m (12 in) need to be know to characterize soil response to multiple vehicle passes (of up to 50 vehicle passes) over the soil (Wong, 2001). In particular, 2-3 different penetrometer systems will be designed and then downselected to one based on complexity (number of sensors) and cost.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
NAVY 09-085      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optical Bearing Strength Autonomous Measurement System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a small, self-contained geotechnical measurement system to help amphibious operations planners collect adequate knowledge of soil strength in landing areas, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Optical Bearing Strength Autonomous Measurement (OBSAM) System. This system is based on a new laser sensor, that measures track depth imprinted in a shallow water seafloor and in a beach with a special loaded wheel. The track depth is correlated with cone index. The innovations in the distance sensor and packaging design enable the OBSAM system, driven by an unmanned ground robotic platform, to provide direct quantitative measurement of bearing strength with high spatial resolution both in subaerial and submerged areas. As a result, this system offers autonomous operation without participation of human operators, continuous measurement of soil strength parameters compatible with the NRMM II trafficability model, and applicability throughout an entire beach profile, which directly addresses the Oceanographer of the Navy acquisition program requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the OBSAM system prototype in laboratory and field experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype ready for testing on Navy sites.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
NAVY 09-086      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:EasyCog: Affordable and Easy to Develop Cognitive Models
Abstract:Applications that incorporate Human Behavior Models (HBMs) have the potential to improve the training, decision-making, and even the operational effectiveness of US forces. This software can mimic human decision-making, reasoning, learning, social and cultural biases, as well as perceptual, cognitive, and motor limitations in support of many applications, including analysis, simulation-based acquisition, training, and mission rehearsal. Unfortunately, the development of such complex software systems is currently costly, time consuming, and error-prone due to a lack of appropriate high-level languages and corresponding development tools. To improve the affordability, efficiency and robustness of the HBM-development process, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of EasyCog, a high-level cognitive language, compiler, and development environment that is designed to improve the HBM-development process across multiple cognitive architectures. EasyCog combines cognitive, behavioral, social, affect, and cultural models with high-level programming language features to improve the breadth and scalability of HBMs. Visual Editors and Debuggers work at the level of the high-level language to improve the efficiency of model development. Finally, EasyCog can generate configurable source code for a variety of existing cognitive architectures, meaning runtime users can reuse models in a variety of domains based on a single high-level model.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 649-1895
Randolph Jones
NAVY 09-086      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Extending HLSR to Support Scaling Up to Complex Models for Training, Simulation, and Robotics
Abstract:A long-term, cost-effective approach to addressing increased mission complexity and cost is to increase automation in operations and training. Although a variety of automation exists, the next significant advance will be to automate decision-making processes that currently rely on human experts. Such experts take years to train and are only available for a limited time, whereas intelligent software systems can be copied without limit, and they do not age or retire. Although now technically feasible to build intelligent decision- making systems, it remains expensive and difficult to engineer them, as well as to carry out the necessary supporting research into psychological modeling. However, High-level languages for software engineering have proven extremely effective at reducing costs for the development of complex software. Soar Technology, Inc. proposes to bring similar effectiveness to decision-making system engineering, reducing the cost of development and maintenance by 4-5 times. We will accomplish this by extending an existing HLSR language and compiler with knowledge patterns for building increasingly complex and human-like models. While this effort will primarily payoff for engineered systems, we argue that it also will improve the cost effectiveness and scientific consistency of cognitive modeling research.

Applied Technology Associates
1300 Britt SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 767-1275
Felix Morgan
NAVY 09-087      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Thin Fast Steering Mirror (TFSM)
Abstract:The Navy is developing LADAR sensors for responsive Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance use where ranges to targets exceed 10km. If such a LADAR sensor is to image a target area by scanning one or several laser beams at such long ranges, high- pointing-accuracy or knowledge, over a wide operational temperature range, is required to obtain a high-quality LADAR image. A two-axis Fast Steering Mirror (FSM) is typically utilized to steer laser beams in a LADAR system. Existing FSM designs that can achieve high pointing accuracy and are small enough for use aboard a tactical unmanned air vehicle often require significant settling times to achieve the pointing accuracy. Also, the knowledge of the location of the FSM (angularly) is not well-known throughout the mirror motion. When used to steer a pulsed laser beam with pulse repetition frequencies on the order of kilohertz, it is necessary to have accurate knowledge of the mirror position whenever a laser pulse occurs. ATA is proposing a concept for a thin FSM which can meet stringent performance requirements over a temperature range of-40 degrees C to +75 degrees C. This requires temperature control of the sensor electronics and uses an innovative actuator concept.

Left Hand Design Corporation
7901 Oxford Road
Longmont, CO 80503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 652-2786
Lawrence Germann
NAVY 09-087      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Small, Light, Stable, Fast Scan Mirror for Electro-Optical Systems
Abstract:Many aerospace optical sensor and communications applications are performance-limited by limitations in the optical pointing system. This is especially true when considering interceptor seeker, designator and surveillance sensor applications. The pointing components of these applications are generally performance-limited by some combination of size, mass, power consumption, positioning or position reporting repeatability, positioning or position reporting linearity, servo control bandwidth, acceleration and surface figure error (SFE) performance. To relieve these performance limitations, LHDC introduces three primary innovations to achieve the required repeatability and surface figure accuracy over a larger temperature range and high acceleration with reduced power dissipation. Reducing the size of the flexure suspension by using miniaturized components, enhancing actuator efficiency in terms of acceleration-per-current and introducing an ASIC implementation of their servo control electronics. These benefits will be accomplished, initially during Phase I, on a retrofitted LHDC inventory FSM. Testing and analysis results from the retrofit unit will be used in design and fabrication of the Phase II deliverable hardware. The expected increase in performance parameters are to be achieved without risking LHDC’s proven capability in the areas of sub-microradian precision, lateral load capability for launch without caging, optical surface figure quality, compact size and low mass.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Paul Shnitser
NAVY 09-087      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Fast Steering Mirror
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a compact and highly accurate scanner for the new airborne LADARs, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Fast Steering Mirror (FSM). This proposed device is based on POC’s silicon processing and micromachining technologies utilized for the fabrication of a lightweight composite mirror and our compact interferometric position sensor for the precise control of mirror angular position. The innovations in mirror structure and feedback control sensors allow achieving the required switching speed and positioning accuracy within a specified form factor. As a result, this scanner offers positioning accuracy of about a few microradians and a switching time less than 10 ms, while providing laser beam deflection around both X and Y axes and occupying a small volume. The combination of high positioning accuracy, high switching speed, and a small footprint directly addresses the requirements for its utilization in new Navy airborne LADARs. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the Fast Steering Mirror by the design, fabrication, and demonstration of the system prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to advance the prototype design and rigorously test it in an operational environment.

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Jason Burkholder
NAVY 09-088      Awarded: 8/27/2009
Title:Autonomous Seafloor Mapping System for Unmanned Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:Optimal seafloor mapping via an unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) requires the solution and integration of two underlying problems: (1) autonomous underwater navigation and path planning and (2) accurate seafloor sensing and map construction. Each of these problems has been studied extensively; however, as stated in the solicitation, some major technology development areas requiring innovative solutions persist. Barron Associates, Inc. and its research partners have the expertise, resources, and infrastructure necessary to meet the overall goal of the proposed SBIR effort, which is to develop and demonstrate at-sea, within the time and budget constraints of the first two phases of the program, a complete and practical Autonomous Seafloor Mapping System (ASMS) for UUVs. The ASMS will feature practical enhancements to the current state-of-the-art in each of the problematic areas identified in the solicitation. The proposed ASMS will feature adaptive-autonomous survey schemes enabled by innovative methods to correct navigation errors and co-registered multi-beam side scan and bathymetry data that are precisely synchronized with the navigation system to facilitate simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). The Phase I effort will focus primarily on implementation and simulation of the adaptive-autonomous path planning component and the navigation error modeling and correction algorithms.

Heat, Light, and Sound Research, Inc.
3366 N. Torrey Pines Court Suite 310
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 457-0800
Christian Moustier
NAVY 09-088      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Optimal Seafloor Mapping Technologies
Abstract:The primary objective of this proposal is to implement an autonomous swath bathymetry survey capability aboard an unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) using a hybrid sonar that combines the high spatial resolution of a focused multibeam echo-sounder in a ±30º sector about nadir with the long-range focusing capability of a bathymetric sidescan sonar (Fig. 1) for a total swath angle in excess of 160º (swath width roughly 11 times the UUV’s altitude above the bottom). This represents a better than twofold improvement in swath coverage (hence survey efficiency) over existing solutions that rely on a multibeam sonar system alone, and it fills the near-nadir data gap typical of systems that rely on a bathymetric sidescan sonar alone. In both sonars, dynamic focusing will help constrain the vertical uncertainty associated with each sounding. Likewise, high across- track data density for each ping will provide the redundancy necessary to constrain horizontal uncertainties. For each ping, the achieved swath coverage wlll be defined at the across-track limits where sounding uncertainty exceeds a prescribed threshold. The ping-to-ping evolution of these limits along-track, and the corresponding bottom topography, will be used to estimate the lateral offset of adjacent swaths that minimizes redundancy while maintaining 100% bottom coverage. This method will work best if the UUV maintains a nearly constant altitude above the bottom.

SURVICE Engineering Company
4695 Millennium Drive
Belcamp, MD 21017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 273-7722
John Hersey
NAVY 09-088      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Optimal Seafloor Mapping Technologies
Abstract:This proposal addresses the challenge of improving the capability of littoral battlespace sensing, specifically the automation and optimization of bathymetric-hydrographic mapping capabilities of unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) platforms when operating in the littoral. Current UUV capabilities are challenged by limitations of fielded sensors and the integration/processing of those sensor outputs, resulting in manually intensive interface requirements, uncertainty of depth and navigation errors, inefficient coverage and data processing schemes, and excessive latency in availability of the final product. The focus of this Phase I feasibility study will be on the development of algorithms which will serve as the basis for adaptive autonomy. Consequential to the development of adaptive autonomy algorithms, SURVICE Engineering will also consider the feasibility of methods to quantify depth measurement errors, optimize coverage, minimize navigation errors, detect anomalous features, and network UUVs. Finally, the Phase I study will consider required sensor integration savings and processing approaches that may be taken advantage of when incorporating a novel sensor in place of the standard integration of separate multibeam and side scan sonars.

Design_Net Engineering LLC
10680 Table Mountain Parkway Suite 500
Golden, CO 80403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 462-0096
Ramon Krosley
NAVY 09-089      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool
Abstract:It takes up to 10 years to design, build and launch a satellite system. The satellite system reflects the 10-year-old (or more) outdated, inflexible technology and mission needs that may no longer be applicable to the tactics and geography of today’s evolving conflicts. These new conflicts create the need for mission changes that cannot be accommodated by current systems. Recent advances in technology offers us opportunities to incorporate reconfigurable components (e.g., radiation-hardened FPGAs, Software Reconfigurable Payloads) into spacecraft that allow for the new satellite to change their missions. DNet is proposing to modify its Mission-Satellite Design Tool (MSDT) to address the reconfiguration of satellites based on mission changes. DNet will change the MSDT to a Reconfiguable Satellite Planning Tool (RPST) that will 1) take advantage of the reconfigurability characteristics of deployed satellite and 2) based on mission needs, and determine from an available registry of satellites, the candidate satellite (s) that can fulfill the new mission objectives. The RPST Phase I will demonstrate this ideas with a simple reconfigurable satellite. Phase II will evolve these ideas with multiple satellites with a more advance the tool with an Initial Operational Concept (IOC) version.

Princeton Satellite Systems
6 Market St. Suite 926
Plainsboro, NJ 08536
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(763) 639-1553
Joseph Mueller
NAVY 09-089      Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool
Abstract:The capability to adaptively reconfigure on-orbit space assets to changing mission requirements will help to satisfy a critical need for greater responsiveness in the next generation of military space systems. This proposal is for an innovative methodology and supporting software toolset that permits a requirements-driven reconfiguration of one or multiple spacecraft. The product will be a decision-support tool that accepts dynamically changing mission requirements and priorities to support the warfighter''''s needs, and computes a set of configuration and tasking options along with associated analysis and verification tasks for operators and engineers. The full decision support tool will consist of three main components: 1) a customized user interface to facilitate the definition of new requirements, objectives and priorities, and the selection of space assets that may be utilized, 2) an optimal resource allocation algorithm that generates a list of potential operation plans, and 3) built-in tools for simulation, visualization and analysis of the proposed operation plans. The resource allocation algorithm will utilize state-of-the-art orbit propagation and system modeling functions, including the SPICE library and the Spacecraft Control Toolbox, in order to compute opportunity windows for remote sensing, communication, and data downloads, and to approximate power availability, pointing constraints, and communication requirements.

Star Technologies Corportation
731 Walker Road Suite G1
Great Falls, VA 22066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 759-2933
Tom Mann
NAVY 09-089      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool
Abstract:The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) have been developing technology in support of Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) Mission Objectives. A key element of the ORS objectives is to rapidly configure a satellite and launch it within 6 days. Another key element is the actual satellite design based on a set of mission requirements and constraints. There are no software tools or processes that enable the rapid design of satellites based on mission requirements and constraints. Star Technologies Corporation proposes to develop a “Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool” to support the rapid prototyping of satellites with reconfigurable payloads based on pre-defined missions. Star Technologies will leverage its experience in satellite design tool development: Spacecraft Design Tool (SDT) to rapidly implement and simulate satellites; 3D Visualizations to enhance understanding of satellite dynamic motions; Satellite Builder to autonomously place components on a spacecraft while rapidly going through thousands of configurations; Constellation Designer to develop the orbital properties for satellite coverage based on one satellite or a constellation of satellites. This effort will develop a taxonomy for interfacing with various COTS software tools as part of the planning software process. A mock-up will be developed and demonstrated.

HYPRES. Inc.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Deepnarayan Gupta
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Concurrent Multi-net Link-16 Digital-RF Receiver
Abstract:HYPRES proposes an innovative solution to Navy’s need for concurrent multi-netting in a single receiver. Our approach involves direct digitization of the entire wideband (960- 1215 MHz) RF signal followed by distribution of digital copies among multiple independent, parallel processing chains. This digital-RF approach ensures scalability to multiple nets with no loss of signal power and fidelity, while eliminating expensive analog components such as fast hopping synthesizers. In collaboration with ViaSat, a prime contractor for Link-16 terminals, we recently demonstrated the power of digital-RF technology with a two-net dehopping receiver prototype with ONR Discovery and Invention funding. During that program, we discovered a signal processing technique, which is ideally suited for direct demodulation of the Link-16 waveform, and presents a unique opportunity to significantly condense back-end processing hardware. Building on this strong foundation, we propose to perform digital demodulation of multiple hopnets. Our goal is to demonstrate scaling to (1) 4 simultaneous hop-nets, (2) greater than 10 simultaneous hop-nets, and finally, receive all the nets all the time. We propose to build and deliver the first prototype hardware in Phase I, and demonstrate Link-16 demodulation with the new digital-RF cross-correlation algorithm; scaling to full capability will happen in Phase II.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 359-2326
David Nail
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/21/2009
Title:Multi-Net Link-16 Receiver
Abstract:Mustang Technology Group and ViaSat propose an inexpensive, expandable architecture for a multi-net Link 16 receiver. This new architecture arises from our extensive experience with low-cost, software defined radars, out extensive Link 16 expertise, and the Link 16 receiver previously demonstrated by our team.

ORB Analytics, LLC
5 Hillside Rd
Carlisle, MA 01741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 501-3161
Samuel MacMullan
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:All-Digital Multi-Net Link-16 Receiver
Abstract:Current Link-16 receive terminals are large, heavy, expensive, and power inefficient because of their use of analog L-band components for downconversion and dehopping. This also limits operation to a single net. The proposed effort overcomes these limitations by exploiting advances in data converter and FPGA technology to develop an all-digital downconversion, channelization, and dehopping Link-16 receiver architecture capable of Concurrent Multi-Net operations. The proposed receiver is compact, rugged, and inexpensive while providing JTRS compliance and scalability. As part of the Phase I effort, ORB Analytics proposes to develop hardware to demonstrate the all-digital, multi-net Link-16 receiver capability.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1628
Mark Johnson
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Multi-Net Link-16 Receiver
Abstract:Link-16 is the first high data military network communications waveform and has become the dominant multi-national, interoperable tactical data link for DoD and Coalition combat operations worldwide. While a clear need has arisen for multi-net platforms – whether for networking monitoring, bridging, or mission requirements – the analog RF-frontend of current Link-16 receivers limits each unit to a single network. In order to support the multi- net receivers that are required within future SWaP and cost constraints, the analog front- end approach must be abandoned for an innovative direct to digital wideband front end solution. TrellisWare proposes to develop a next-generation multi-net Link-16 receiver that incorporates and innovative approach to digital front end design and advanced baseband processing. By leveraging extensive Link-16 and handheld digital receiver hardware implementation expertise, TrellisWare is able to provide a design that a design that provides high performance in the presence of strong interference. TrellisWare will provide a hardware demonstration of the proposed approach during Phase I and thus provide our potential Navy sponsors with a low-risk path to deployment in Phase II and beyond.

A-B-Sea Research, Inc.
14025 Bingham Dr. Suite 201
Raleigh, NC 27614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 971-9600
Al Basilico
NAVY 09-091      Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title:GPS Reference While Submerged
Abstract:A stealthy underwater GPS-based position system is proposed. The system comprises a sparse network of “underwater satellites” selectively grouped to provide coverage over large ocean volumes where navigation assistance is desired. The Underwater Satellites use pulsed blue-green lasers to covertly transfer encrypted and authenticated position information to submerged (and/or surface) vessels operating at depth and speed. The Underwater Satellites can continue to provide precise position and navigation information even if the earth-orbiting GPS satellites are destroyed, jammed, spoofed or otherwise denied—an important war-time capability. Future extensions to the proposed system could provide contact detection and classification (“Red Force” tracking) and underwater communications at depth and speed. The primary technical challenge facing underwater laser communication is propagating the laser beam over meaningful distances. Laser energy is degraded by absorption and scattering from particulate matter suspended in sea water. We propose to research adaptive optics (AO) technology to measure, in-situ, the distortion induced by the seawater and to extend the propagation distance of the laser link by correcting those aberrations, in real-time, using deformable optics. We propose to research atom interferomtry as our time-keeping technology and investigate the accuracy achievable in the Underwater Satellite operating environment. The proposed system, enabling submarines and other submerged vessels to covertly receive GPS- based position information at depth and speed, with no dependence on the earth-orbiting GPS satellites, would reduce opportunities for adversaries to detect our submarine force and would improve operational effectiveness.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jing Zhao
NAVY 09-091      Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title:GPS Reference While Submerged
Abstract:Knowing the exact submarine position while submerged is critical for the Strategic Systems Programs (SSP) submarine programs to ensure mission success. Based on the fiber sensor technology, AGILTRON proposes to realize a distributed sensor device to determine the relative location of a GPS device to its submarine mother ship. The sensor has a high precision over a long distance, and is suitable for harsh environments, such as undersea, with minimal impact on ship operations and covertness. In this Phase I program, a prototype device will be developed and demonstrated for the specific submarine GPS reference application.

Microcosm, Incorporated
4940 W. 147th St.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 219-2700
Paul Graven
NAVY 09-092      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Gravity Aided Navigation for Navy Platforms
Abstract:Microcosm in collaboration with ASTER Labs and Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems/Sperry Marine will develop a gravity aided inertial navigation systems (GAINS) for SSBNs and other US Navy platforms. Navy policy requires the availability of non-GPS means of navigation and approaches for long-term INS (inertial navigation system) stabilization in the absence of GPS fixes. The principal technical objective of Phase I is to assess the viability of GAINS for demonstration and eventual operational deployment on US Navy strategic submarine fleet and other naval platforms. Phase I planned activities include: Development of adaptive GAINS algorithms and approaches to support a range of platforms, locations and operational scenarios, including site selection signature recognition; Development of detailed solution requirements including key interfaces, outputs and use cases; Development and/or modification of models and simulations for analysis and algorithm validation; Systems engineering to develop the demonstration and operational solution architecture; Gathering and assessment of external resources including gravity field maps, instrument specifications and models, sample operational data, existing algorithms, relevant analytical models and simulations; Analytical simulation runs to support algorithm development and evaluation as well as overall system performance. Phase II will culminate in GAINS system demonstration on appropriate NGES/SM R&D platforms and on USNS Waters.

Sextant Engineering Technologies, Inc.
4199 Campus Drive, 550
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 522-8787
Michael Gokhale
NAVY 09-092      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Gravity-Aided Navigation Technology for Reducing Ballistic Missile Submarines’ (SSBN) Dependence on the Global Positioning System (GPS)
Abstract:Gravity aided navigation has been explored previously using Kalman filter methods by various researchers. A Kalman filter based implementation provides best estimates under the assumption of Gaussian noise properties and linearity of the system dynamics. Typically, the geophysical aided navigation applications are non-Gaussian and non-linear. We propose to develop a real-time particle filter based mechanization for terrain matching of gravitational data with platform INS data in order to provide a cost-effective high- accuracy navigation solution applicable over extended, perhaps indefinite, endurance intervals. Such a mechanization is not limited to the requirements of Gaussian noise properties, as the particle filter based approach generates and updates an effective probability density function (PDF) from the input data. Also, since the PDF is not assumed Gaussian and in fact is generated and updated in the course of processing, this particular approach is applicable to both the legacy ESGN system and future alternative to ESGN (possibly FOGN) system whose errors will predominantly be driven by gyro angle random walk (ARW) errors.

---------- CBD ----------

31 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
InnoSense LLC
2531 West 237th Street Suite 127
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-2011
Uma Sampathkumaran
CBD 09-101      Awarded: 4/7/2009
Title:Durable Anti-fog Coatings for Contoured Plastic Substrates Using Nanoparticles with Tunable Size and Surface Chemistry
Abstract:Currently fielded respiratory protective systems in the Joint Services General Purpose Mask (JSGPM) program degrade in visual performance capability in extreme hot and cold environments. Optical and mechanical properties of existing anti-fog coatings also diminish when subjected to cleaning/sanitization operations. To address these needs, InnoSense LLC will develop durable anti-fog coatings that enhance the performance and comfort of the warfighters in the field. For feasibility demonstration in Phase I, InnoSense LLC will design a combination of nanomaterials of different sizes, tunable surface chemistry, nanoporosity, and surface roughness into optical coatings. Two types of multifunctional antifogging properties, superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic, will be demonstrated on DOD-relevant surfaces. Coating formulations and fabrications processes will be evaluated on flexible polyurethane and hard-coated polycarbonate optical substrates with planar and non-planar geometries. Performance of the anti-fog coatings will be evaluated to establish versatility in tuning surface properties, cost- effective processing, enhanced durability, resistance to cleaning solvents, immunity to hot-humid or cold-humid conditions and UV stability. The prime contractor to the JSGPM program will evaluate the materials in Phase I and Phase II to accelerate efforts for system integration and procurement.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 552-5128
Bryan Koene
CBD 09-101      Awarded: 4/7/2009
Title:Durable Anti-fog Coatings for Respiratory Protection Systems
Abstract:Maintaining a high level of visibility in ballistic visors and respiratory protection systems is very difficult under inclement operational conditions. In particular, the transparent lenses will fog up with high humidity in the environment or breathing. There have been significant efforts in the development of hydrophilic coatings that will ‘wet out’ in high humidity to prevent fogging on transparent substrates. Microscopic water droplets adhere well to the surface of a hydrophilic surface contrasting the beading up on a hydrophobic surface. Recent research in the area of superhydrophilic coatings (contact angles approaching zero degrees) has shown great advancements in this area. This wetting out allows the substrate to maintain a high level of transparency. Whereas many technologies and coatings have demonstrated the primary goal of achieving superhydrophilic surfaces, they have lacked durability, or have been difficult or expensive to apply. Luna Innovations proposes to further the development of anti-fog coatings based on our established abrasion resistant coating technology. Luna’s HARSH (Hard Abrasion Resistant Superhydrophilic /Hydrophobic) coatings are very durable, and easily scalable for the production of inexpensive transparent coatings. The development of this coating system will be directly applicable to military goggles, lenses, face shields and other transparent coating applications.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Apoorva Shah
CBD 09-101      Awarded: 4/7/2009
Title:Anti-Fog Coating for Lenses(1001-348)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc proposes to utilize its surface engineering technology to deposit ultra thin coatings onto lenses of respiratory protection systems that will promote spreading of water droplets thereby preventing fogging. This novel antifog coating will also be durable and dirt and oils resistant, and hence will not loose its antifog characteristics over time. The Phase I program will demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating our novel antifog coatings and provide preliminary data on durability, antifouling and cleanability. This technology will be key in the fabrication of cleanable anti-fog coatings for several military/DoD related applications including respiratory systems (like M50/M51 JSGPM, M52 JSCESM, M53 Chem/Bio Protective Mask and Joint Service Air Crew Mask), visors, combat vehicle windshields as well as applications in the commercial market for goggles and ski masks.

nanoGriptech, LLC
5520 Raleigh Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15217
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 849-5405
Michael Murphy
CBD 09-102      Awarded: 5/1/2009
Title:Bio-Inspired Dry Fibrillar Adhesives for Enhanced Sealing of Respiratory Protective Masks
Abstract:NanoGriptech LLC proposes to develop repeatable skin adhesives using technology inspired by the feet of geckos and insects. These adhesives will be integrated into full facemask respirators to reduce or replace head harness straps, which are currently used to hold the facemasks in place. Expected benefits are improved fit, resistance to shifting, improved sealing, and reduced discomfort and tissue damage during prolonged use. A model of the interface between skin and the micro-fibrillar adhesive will be developed to aid in the design and optimization of adhesive design. The proposed effort aims to combine and optimize various fibrillar adhesive technologies into a single system, which exhibits many or all of the unique characteristics of the separate base technologies. Potential technologies that may be incorporated into the final design include tip shapes, directional properties, bio-inspired tip coatings, and hierarchical multi-level geometry. In Phase I of this program we plan to determine required performance metrics for the tissue adhesives, develop a theoretical model of the interactions between the skin surface and adhesive, confirm model validity with characterization experiments, and identify key parameters for designing the adhesives.

Technova Corporation
3927 Dobie Road
Okemos, MI 48864
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 485-9583
Anagi Balachandra
CBD 09-102      Awarded: 4/2/2009
Title:Bio-Inspired Dry Adhesives
Abstract:The proposed project will develop bio-inspired adhesives for reliable and convenient sealing of full-facepiece respiratory masks against skin. Conventional pressure-sensitive adhesives rely on a liquid-like fluidity to establish molecular-scale contact against rough surfaces. While this contact mechanism limits their versatility and stability, they exhibit desirable long-range deformations which benefit adhesion capacity. Nature, on the other hand, relies on the conformability of fibrillar structures as a more versatile means of establishing massive molecular-scale contacts against rough surfaces. This mechanism relies on van der Waals interactions as well as the capillary effect for adhesion to dry and wet surfaces, and offers the potential to accommodate micro-scale obstacles (e.g., dust particles and hair). Extensive efforts devoted to the development of biomimetic adhesives, however, have not yet produced commercially viable end products. While synthetic fibrillar structures (based on carbon nanotube or polymer fibril arrays) can desirably adapt to the global surface roughness, the fibril tips lack the ability to adapt to the local surface roughness. Recent work has confirmed that modification of fibril tips for enhancing their conformability benefits the adhesion capacity; such refined fibrillar arrays, however, still lack the adhesion qualities and the scalability needed for commercial success. We propose to optimize the design of polymer fibrillar arrays and refine the fibril tips using conformable polymers which are highly crosslinked varieties of today’s pressure-sensitive adhesives. This design relies on the conformability of the fibrillar structure and the pressure-sensitive features of fibril tips to adapt to global and local roughness, respectively. The complementary action of these two adhesion mechanisms promises to overcome the drawbacks experienced by each of them when used individually. Biocompatible polymer fibrillar arrays provide a versatile and economical basis for development of the new bio-inspired adhesives; modification of the fibril tips can be accomplished using a simple “inking & printing” method. The proposed Phase I project will: (i) define the performance requirements of adhesives for sealing full-facepiece respiratory masks; (ii) design bio-inspired adhesives which meet the targeted performance requirements in application to dry and wet skin in the presence of hair; (iii) fabricate bio-inspired adhesives, and evaluate their performance against dry and wet synthetic substitutes for skin; and (iv) develop refined models of bio-inspired adhesives, and assess their potential to meet the requirements for sealing full-facepiece respiratory masks against skin. Efforts in Phase I Option will be devoted to fabricating second- generation bio-inspired adhesives, verifying their improved performance, and identifying aspect of design which require further refinement.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Fengying Shi
CBD 09-102      Awarded: 4/7/2009
Title:Bio-Inspired Dry Adhesive(1001-349)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc. proposes to develop a bio-mimetic dry adhesive with micro/nano scale structures similar to gecko’s feet. This new dry adhesive is designed to have the features of good shear strength to hold more than 1 kg respirator mask on face, great peripheral sealing property to maintain good contact with facial skin surface in the presence of various contaminants, hygienic, durable, easy to clean and no pain upon peeling due to its special designed structure above the microfibrillar surface. The chemical composition of the proposed dry adhesive will also make it compatible to human skin, no skin irritation in service, and having great thermal stability and chemical resistance. The new adhesive will be tested on simulated skin and the testing results will be compared with the model prediction.

Imaginative Technologies, LLC
1158 Norumbega Drive
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 341-6041
James R. Weiss
CBD 09-103      Awarded: 4/10/2009
Title:A Quarter Sized Optical NEMS Based Methyl Salicylate Detector
Abstract:The objective of Imaginative Technologies, LLC teamed with Yale University is to design and build a “breadboard”, real time, optical NEMS Based Methyl Salicylate Detector (MSD), capable of measuring the presence and concentration of a chemical agent simulant (methyl salicylate – MeS) beneath a protective garment. This proposed device, MSD, will be the size of a quarter so it may be comfortably placed in a number of body regions and be able to detect and accurately identify methyl salicylate – MeS levels through the protective garment within ten seconds. The proposed detector, MSD, will have the following additional characteristics: 1) will provide a 500 nanograms (ng) to 100 milligrams (mg) per cubic meter range of response, 2) will function accurately in a rapidly fluctuating (concentration and air flow) environment and operate from 0 to 40 degrees Celsius in a high humidity (>90% Relative Humidity) environment 3) will not be adversely impacted as a result of exposure to environmental factors including human sweat, and human body odors. 4) will integrate with required central data telemetry and/or have a data logging system and sufficient on-board power for a mission duration of 4 to 8 hours. This novel micro detector will be based on a Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS) implementation consisting of a chip-based nano-cantilever system. The ability to achieve the required sensitivities and accuracies for the exposure concentrations is a critical milestone in this development effort. The resultant sensors will be capable of operating while worn by human test subjects wearing protective garments and performing physical activity. Owing to its miniature size, MSD can be easily placed in a number of critical body regions were the a protective garment is likely to leak and track leak flow patterns in order to monitor sensitive regions. The MSD will not inhibit free movement of the test subject, and not attenuate, enhance or redirect normal circulation of air beneath the garment In this investigation, a NEMS based optical cantilever (resonator) with a tailored surface chemistry will be utilized as the MeS sensor. The detection principle is based upon the high mass sensitivity of nanomechanical devices. The readout of the cantilever is performed by integrated photonic circuitry that operates by transmitting light that is guided on a chip through patterned ridge waveguides.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4756
Sendil Rangaswamy
CBD 09-103      Awarded: 4/7/2009
Title:Accurate Real-time Methyl Salicylate Sensing System (ARMSSS)
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc., (IAI) presents a novel reliable, miniature, unobtrusive light weight Accurate Real-time Methyl Salicylate Sensing System (ARMSSS) for testing effectiveness of chemical suits. The ARMSSS collects real-time data and accurately identifies chemical break-through sites in Man-in-Stimulant Testing, where Methyl Salicylate (MeS) is used as the simulant for chemical agents. The approach utilizes Quartz Crystal Microbalance, Chemical capacitance and Radio Frequency Identification Technology. The key innovation of our proposed approach lies in the design that exploits the advantages of both the sensing techniques for high sensitivity and selectivity for real time detection of MeS. The ARMSSS sensor system can: 1) rapidly and simultaneously detect MeS by two techniques and can compensate for temperature and humidity changes; 2) is highly sensitive, inexpensive, miniature, and robust so that it can be deployed easily and (3) communicates in real time the point of leakage. It operates in high relative humidity (>90% Relative Humidity) and elevated temperature environment (0 to 40 degree Celsius), with dynamic range of 100 ng per cubic meter to 100 mg per cubic meter. It is not affected by attenuation, saturation or normal circulation of air beneath the garment.

Lexitek Inc.
14 Mica Lane #6
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 431-9604
Steven Ebstein
CBD 09-104      Awarded: 4/2/2009
Title:Spectroscopic high throughput identification of protein variants
Abstract:Quantitative Raman spectroscopy offers a means of estimating concentrations of protein variants. The Raman spectrum can be a fingerprint of an individual molecule and features unique to functional groups. In conjunction with robust data analysis such as principal component analysis (PCA), chemometric assessment of a sample can be performed. As an optical technique, this approach can yield high-throughput with robust instrumentation that can be deployed in the field. Some facets of instrument miniaturization have already been accomplished. In order to deal with realistic sample sizes, surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can be employed. Using this approach, we propose to develop instrumentation for reproducible, high-throughput protein variant quantitation. Our approach relies on a proprietary substrate Lexitek is developing for SERS that can be inexpensively fabricated and is uniform and reproducible. The substrate has high enhancement and the unique capability for doing separation and detection in situ. As any amount of admixture separation increases the SNR of the chemometric process, our approach has a dimension not shared by other SERS assays that will enable development of a range of assays for protein variants.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
CBD 09-104      Awarded: 4/3/2009
Title:Dielectrophoretic Microfluidic Protein Analysis System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army CBD need for a low-cost, universal, robust, and fieldable device for rapid, reproducible identification of protein variants from biological samples with high throughput, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dielectrophoretic Microfluidic Protein Analysis (DiMiPA) system. The system is based on an electrodeless dielectrophoresis-based, continuous-flow protein separation technique followed by protein identification via detection of the separated protein bands by UV absorption spectrometry. The DiMiPA system will be composed of a microfluidic chip, AC power supply, miniature pump, and readout unit. The DiMiPA tool will rapidly (10 min) and with high resolution and reproducibility separate protein variants from a mixture, preparing them for identification by the readout unit. The DiMiPA system will be an inexpensive, portable, and easy-to-use automated instrument. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the DiMiPA device by fabricating a prototype and demonstrating its capability to identify relative concentrations of allozymes of sulfotransferase (SULT1A1), SULT1A1*1 and SULT1A1*3, which differ from each other by a single amino acid, in a mixed sample. In Phase II, DiMiPA will be optimized to enhance system throughput and separation resolution and identify additional sets of allozymes besides those of SULT1A1.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Shankar Radhakrishnan
CBD 09-105      Awarded: 4/22/2009
Title:Integrated Self-powered MEMS-Insect Swarms for biochemical detection
Abstract:In this program, Agiltron proposes the development of self-powered bio-mechanical swarms for detection and communication of biochemical agents for both civil and defense applications. We propose to integrate a micro electro-mechanical suite of sensors, actuators, power harvesters and electronics by surgical insertion during early metamorphosis of insects to allow rugged and reliable biomechanical interfaces, vital to high survival rates of resulting platforms. The novelty in the proposed approach is the use of low-power high sensitivity micromechanical chemical sensors with buried differential piezoresistive readout for integrated readout, high efficiency electromagnetic vibration scavengers for optical power scavenging, and biomimetic, high-efficiency electromagnetic actuators for direct muscle actuation to modulate output characteristics of insects. Use of electromagnetic actuation principles allow for extremely flexible design for optimal design of the actuator and power scavenger, enabling optimal bioMEMS platforms.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0664
Sameer Singhal
CBD 09-105      Awarded: 4/24/2009
Title:Novel MicroPower Source for Insect Based Sensor and Communication Platforms
Abstract:Our objective is to develop a novel micropower source, microsensor, and communication chip for integration with an insect, thereby delivering a state-of-the-art unmanned chemical detection device. The proposed biological fuel cell (Bio-FC) will leverage ongoing research at CFDRC and provide a compact/lightweight power supply, for mounting on numerous types of insects and producing necessary power without further custom development. This solution offers several advantages over the existing electromechanical methods; 50-100X higher power density, power-generation independent of insect species, and power generation in absence of insect motion. In Phase I, we will achieve an order-of-magnitude (OOM) improvement in power density (up to 100 µW/cm2) compared to electromechanical methods. Additionally, research will be performed to identify commercially available chemical sensors. Finally, the optimal insect species will be chosen, as related to potential energy generation and native signaling calls, in consultation with Dr. Richard Mankin at the USDA. Research will be performed into methods for artificially re-producing the signaling call. In Phase II, the Bio-FC prototype will be combined with a microsensor and the complete platform integrated with an insect to provide proof-of-concept demonstration. A multi-disciplinary team with proven expertise in biomicrosystems, bioelectrochemistry, and insect physiology has been assembled to accomplish these goals.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 60
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Luke Joseph
CBD 09-105      Awarded: 4/24/2009
Title:Entomological Autonomous Distributed Sensor Platform
Abstract:The Entomological Autonomous Distributed Sensor Platform developed by Oceanit will address the need for an autonomous distributed sensor network to detect an ever growing need to detect and localize distributed threats. The project will use calling insects, such as cicadas and crickets as a distributed sensor network that communicates sensor information using the insects natural calls. The project will rely on leveraging Oceanit’s expertise in interdisciplinary system development using nanotechnology, MEMS, and neuroscience techniques.

OpCoast LLC
1101 Richmond Ave Suite 103
Point Pleasant , NJ 08742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 750-8614
Benjamin Epstein
CBD 09-105      Awarded: 4/24/2009
Title:Bio-MEMs Agile Sensor Platforms and Communication Networks
Abstract:This effort proposes the development of "OrthopterNets" -- a novel approach applying mobile ad hoc network (MANET) communications networks for the transfer of intelligent information via insect calls (e.g., cricket calls). Insects will be equipped with embedded MEMS transceivers that pick up modulated calling sounds from nearby insects. Once the information in a call is extracted by the transceiver, the information code is applied to an electromechanical device on board the insect that modulates the insect calls, thereby retransmitting the information to another insect, and so on. The modulation mechanism, among other methods, affects the sound producing movements (stridulation) of an insect''s wings. Human or machine-based detectors would demodulate and extract the transmitted information. Work leverages existing MEMS technologies already deployed in insect species by the team and elsewhere. Phase I will focus on the applicability of certain insect species to OrthopterNets, applicable MEMS devices, and issues related to energy harvesting, environmental factors, development of an OrthopterNet networking protocol, and other tasks. Complementary technologies, such as the use of RF microtransmitters and receivers embedded in the insects will also be investigated.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Bikas Vaidya
CBD 09-106      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Rapid Air/Vapor Sampling System for Chemical Threats
Abstract:First responders play very important roles in the protection of people and their properties, as well as in homeland security and national defense. Various kinds of protective suits, masks, gloves and boots are available for use as protection from the various hazardous conditions they may face. A GC/MS based method, ASTM F739-07, is commonly used to determine the duration during which a protective gear can provide protection against exposure to chemical threats under the condition of continuous contact. However, accurate evaluation of the rate of permeation of the threat agents through protective clothing under actual emergency conditions is still a challenge. This is because of the difficulties encountered with sampling, elimination of interferents, and the efficient transferral of analytes to the detector. To address this need, Lynntech is proposing to develop an air/vapor sampling system capable of: i) handling a high flow rate, ii) efficient capture and iii) rapid release of the potential chemical threats (for analysis by GC). The feasibility of using Lynntech’s air/vapor sampling system at 1L/min air flow at 90±2 ºF and 80±5% RH will be demonstrated during Phase I, and a working prototype will be developed during the Phase II of the project.

SPACEHAB Government Services, Inc.
907 Gemini St.
Houston, TX 77058
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(713) 558-5270
David Rafferty
CBD 09-106      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Integrated Pre-concentrator Membrane Inlet for Mass Spectrometer
Abstract:The project proposed here will develop a polymer based pre-concentrator integrated with a novel membrane inlet for a mass spectrometer. By using an integrated solution, the dead volume of the pre-concentrator can be minimized, thus increasing the pre-concentration gain (projected to be > 17000 with gas flows of 1 l/min containing analyte to 40 pg/l) well beyond that of solid sorbent tubes. Also, the proximity of the polymer material to the novel membrane dramatically reduces the thermal mass of the inlet, thus minimizing the analysis time required (project to be < 1 minute). Phase I of this proposal will consist of an investigation to determine the appropriate polymers for the sorption material. Candidate materials will be tested using SPACEHAB’s current pre-concentrator design and miniature mass spectrometer. After identification of the appropriate polymers, a detailed design of the integrated inlet will be produced. Under the proposed Phase I – Option, a prototype integrated inlet will be built, tested on a standard laboratory mass spectrometer, and delivered to CBD for testing.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
John Lock
CBD 09-106      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Electrically Switchable Surfaces for Vapor Stream Concentration(1001-344)
Abstract:Trace detection usually requires a vapor concentrator that collects dilute analytes from a vapor sample and delivers them at a higher concentration to the detector. For humid vapor streams, cryogenic vapor concentrators can be unacceptable due to the condensation of water. Many adsorbent vapor collectors have the disadvantage of long sampling times and sometimes require desorption temperatures that can fragment heat- sensitive compounds. Triton Systems is developing a non-cryogenic, small-form-factor vapor concentrator that is able to adsorb either polar or non-polar analytes from a vapor sample. Fast desorption of the collected molecules is initiated with an electrical signal instead of heating. Triton Systems will demonstrate the functionality of its vapor concentrator concept by coupling the device to a detector and measuring known levels of trace chemical warfare agent (CWA) simulant vapors. An analysis will be done to correlate the performance of the vapor concentrator to major system parameters, including the vapor concentrator area, analyte concentration, vapor stream flow rate, temperature, and humidity. The results of this analysis will be used to optimize the design of a prototype that will be fabricated and implemented in Phase II for measuring the permeation of CWA through protective clothing materials.

OPTRA, Inc
461 Boston Street
Topsfield, MA 01983
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 887-6600
Julia Rentz Dupuis
CBD 09-107      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:High-Speed Resonant FTIR Spectrometer for Surface Contaminant Measurements
Abstract:OPTRA proposes a high-speed resonant Fourier transform infrared (HSR-FTIR) spectrometer incorporating a multiple pass, reciprocating configuration and a resonant mirror structure to accomplish the scanning. The intended application is time-resolved thermal luminescence (TL) measurements of surface contaminants. The multiple pass configuration of the FTIR effectively reduces the physical stroke length required of the interferometer mirror for a given spectral resolution thereby enabling use of high speed linear resonant actuators such as piezos. The projected spectral acquisition rate is 10 kHz at 8 cm-1 spectral resolution over the 7-14 m spectral range. The projected per-scan noise equivalent spectral radiance (NESR) is 4×10-9 W/(cm2•ster•cm-1). The Phase I work plan will produce a conceptual design of the HSR-FTIR to be detailed, built, and tested during the Phase II.

Semiotic Engineering Associates LLC
332 Valverde SE
Albuquerque, NM 87108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 271-9925
Tudor N. Buican
CBD 09-107      Awarded: 5/27/2009
Title:Ultra High-Speed Spectroradiometry for Contamination Reconnaissance and Surveillance
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel ultra-high-speed (UHS) infrared spectrometer that will operate as an essential component of Thermal Luminescence systems for standoff detection of surface contaminants. The proposed spectrometer will be able to detect transient thermal events in the fundamental vibrational fingerprint region of chemical warfare agents and of most toxic industrial chemicals.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Brian Gregor
CBD 09-107      Awarded: 5/21/2009
Title:Ultra High-Speed Spectroradiometry for Contamination Reconnaissance and Surveillance
Abstract:Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes an innovative ultrafast spectroradiometer for transient thermal event detection at surfaces in order to provide contamination avoidance and mitigation. The proposed system combines an adaptive, software programmable spectral filter with advanced signal processing algorithms to identify contaminates based on transient thermal excitation of a sample. The adaptive spectroradiometer is combined with high-speed readout electronics to provide data acquisition rates superior to those of competing approaches. A laser source will be used to provide heating of the sample that is synchronized with data collection and analysis. The spectrometer’s spectral range, resolution, and other operating characteristics can be set in software, on-the-fly, providing the flexibility to adapt to a variety of measurement scenarios. The spectrometer can be programmed to perform specific detection algorithms directly in hardware, thereby reducing processing time and increasing selectivity for detecting weak spectral signatures against complex spectral backgrounds. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the approach and develop a conceptual design for a Phase II prototype ultra-high speed spectroradiometer.

MESH, Inc.
114 Barnsley Road
Oxford, PA 19363
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 932-7754
Larry B. Grim
CBD 09-108      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Distributed Thermal Imaging Spectrometer for Force Protection
Abstract:This proposal describes how a very low cost hyperspectral imager can be built. The key to the low cost is the use of a commercially available thermal camera based on uncooled microbolometer as the detecting element. An interferometer is placed in front of the camera to produce the spectrum. Each frame of the camera captures one point of the interferogram, producing a hyperspectral image at 4cm-1 resolution in 40 seconds. By moving the mirrors of the interferometer to the equidistant position, the camera can work ing its normal mode. The instantaneous field of view of the hyperspectral pixels are .1 by .1 degrees. The overall size of the image is 36 by 27 degrees. The instrument will be mounted on a pan and tilt to facilitate scanning large areas.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
CBD 09-108      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Uncooled Imaging Spectrometer for Plume detection
Abstract:Based on the CONOPS for gas plume detection, and the performance constraints of uncooled cameras, we propose to develop a dispersive scanning spectrometer, based on OKSI’s HyperScan and HyperSWIR family of scanning sensors. Not all uncooled cameras are equal, and not all exhibit the required characteristics for operating in spectral imaging systems under low flux environment. OKSI proposes to analyze the characteristics of multiple uncooled camera products and consolidate winning attributes into a single product that is specifically optimized for a personnel protection imaging spectrometer system. The proposal also discusses uncooled sensor designs and points out the various camera features appropriate for the low radiative flux environment. An approach to develop an uncooled camera that is specifically optimized for spectral imaging is set forth.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 880-4195
Edward Knobbe
CBD 09-108      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Low Cost LWIR Interferometric HSI System
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop a hyperspectral sensor system in the 8 to 14 micron wavelength region (long wave infrared or LWIR) capable of detecting chemical agents of DoD and civil interest via spectral measurements at 4 wavenumber resolution. The technology is an evolution of a LWIR hyperspectral technology patented by the University of Hawaii and licensed to Spectrum Photonics based on a static (no moving parts) interferometer and uncooled microbolometer detector technology. Two sensors have been developed and demonstrated in airborne and ground-based IED and landmine detection experiments. The technical innovation in this project will be to increase the spectral resolution of the sensor to 4 wavenumbers from the current 20 wavenumbers and miniaturize the data processing hardware.

Orono Spectral Solutions Inc.
983 Stillwater Avenue
Old Town, ME 04468
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(866) 269-8007
Luke Doucette
CBD 09-109      Awarded: 5/21/2009
Title:Electrostatic, non-fluorescent trigger for aerosolized biological threats using fluctuation enhanced sensing.
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I proposal is to perform a theoretical exploration of the fundamental and practical limits of detection by fluctuation enhanced sensing and statistical inference based sensing methods when applied to an electrostatic-based trigger for non-fluorescent biological warfare threats. To enable < 1000 ACPLA detection levels of bacterial spores in real-time, these statistical methods will be applied to electrometer noise patterns when particle concentrations produce electric currents that are at or below the characteristic signal-to-noise level of the electrometer. The proposed hardware design for the electrostatic trigger is based upon the Faraday cup electrometer design for detecting ionized/unipolar charged aerosol particles. The electrostatic trigger will be a modification of an existing electrostatic precipitator detection system that is currently being developed. To facilitate low detection levels of bacterial spores beyond conventional Faraday cup designs, a novel corona pre-charge section will be incorporated within the trigger. The corona pre-charge section will maximize the amount of imparted charge per spore, thereby resulting in the largest possible electric currents produced per spore as measured by the collector cup.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Ben Thien
CBD 09-109      Awarded: 5/27/2009
Title:Bioweapon Identification and Triggering by Ionization Signatures
Abstract:Modern bioweapon detection systems are highly accurate, but require expensive reagents to operate. To reduce costs, a less discriminate trigger system is used to signal the primary detector when a suspicious aerosol is present. Currently deployed UV fluorescence based trigger systems operate successfully, but only work with fluorescent bioweapons. An advanced technology is urgently needed to address bioweapon threats that do not fluoresce under UV light. The measurement of the ionization signatures of bioaerosol particles created by an electrostatic field is a technology that offers a solution. Aerosol is passed through a high intensity electric field that ionizes the particles and leaves them electrically charged in a unique pattern. The particles are then impacted on an electrode and the resulting current flows are measured. The relatively weak electrical signals are then analyzed with a suite of higher order statistical and spectral methods termed Fluctuation Enhanced Sensing (FES). The calculated FES parameters are examined and searched for known patterns indicating the presence of a dangerous aerosol. Once a probable threat is detected, the trigger system signals the main detection system to sample the air and make a more accurate discrimination.

SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC.
13619 Valley Oak Circle
ROCKVILLE, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 505-2641
Chiman Kwan
CBD 09-109      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Electrostatic, Non-Fluorescent, Fluctuation Enhanced, Bacterium Spore Analyzer
Abstract:This SBIR project, by utilizing the principle of Fluctuation-Enhanced Sensing (FES), aims to explore the potential of enhancing the sensitivity and selectivity of electrostatic bacterium spore analyzers, specifically Ion Mobility Spectrometers (IMS) and Mass Spectrometers (MS). We propose a high performance framework that incorporates FES to enhance the detection and classification of bio-aerosols. There are several key components in our system. First, for IMS and MS, different theoretical noise analysis techniques will be applied to analyze noise behavior in different sensors. These theoretical analyses will provide critical information on the sensing limits of different sensors. Second, a library of signal processing/pattern recognition tools will be incorporated to further enhance the detection and classification capability of our framework. We will use a low noise amplifier to enlarge the small stochastic fluctuations in the sensor. Features such as mean-square fluctuations, skewness, kurtosis, power spectrum, zero-crossing patterns, bispectrum images of the fluctuations will be extracted. Various advanced and proven classification algorithms will be used for different features. Finally, we will feed the decisions from different classifiers into a fusion algorithm. A single decision will be drawn, which is robust and optimal, as all information has been taken into account.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 682-1615
Chris Smith
CBD 09-110      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:CBRN Sensor and Sensor Netting Algorithms
Abstract:If given the opportunity, a terrorist organization such as al Qaeda could unleash Chemical, Biological, Radiological or Nuclear (CBRN) material in future attacks. Accordingly, future CBRN combat system requirements include an online network of traditional and non- traditional CBRN sensors to improve situation awareness and response to a CBRN event. The key to exploiting this advanced capability, however, will lie in the ability to combine and accurately interpret the disparate sensor detections so that a high-fidelity Single Integrate Picture (SIP) of the battlespace can be provided to the Combatant Commanders. To develop an effective SIP, the tracking and fusion algorithms must also overcome real- world challenges such as communication limitations, sensor registration problems, and real-time performance requirements. The DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation (DAC) team proposes to overcome these real-world problems through our innovative data fusion, sensor netting, and sensor resource management algorithms. The CBRN Real-time Advanced Classification and Tracking (CBRN-ReACT) system will improve threat identification and tracking accuracy by combining our state-of-the-art fusion framework, which naturally accommodates new and diverse sensor data as well as unanticipated sensor behavior in the face of increasingly difficult scenarios, with our tool for positioning sensors before and repositioning mobile sensors during a CBRN event.

MESH, Inc.
114 Barnsley Road
Oxford, PA 19363
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 932-7754
Thomas Gruber
CBD 09-110      Awarded: 5/27/2009
Title:CBRN Sensor and Sensor Netting Algorithms
Abstract:Being proposed is a way to integrate the inputs from multiple sensors and different types of sensors to produce a map of the chemical threat. This technique weights every input based on type of sensor, minimum detectable level, health and status of each instrument, and time and position errors. The Sensor Netting Algorithm (SNA) will be based on tomography with weighting factors. The output will be a map of the fused data along with the uncertainty for each pixel or voxel. The SNA can perform as a distributed algorithm with maps produced at the local level with limited number of sensors, and the SNA outputs and uncertainties can be joined together at a higher level where multiple local maps are available. For example, each local SNA could be for a particular sensor net. At the top level, the individual sensor nets can be joined. SNA can even tell if two sensor nets are reporting the same or a different cloud.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2422
Randy Paffenroth
CBD 09-110      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:CBRN Sensor and Sensor Netting Algorithms
Abstract:Coordination and merging of multiple distributed sensors over a communications network can substantially improve estimates of the type and severity of potential hazards for command and control (C2) decision makers. These sensors include long range instruments such as radar, infrared (IR), electro-optical, and long wave hyper spectral; short range instruments such as Raman spectrometers; and a wide array of point sensors such as ion mobility spectrometers (IMS) and chemical-resistor arrays. IR spectrometers, IMS, and Raman Spectrometers have been particularly successful at chemical detection in the past and will thus be a focus of this effort. However, in order to fully utilize this rich collection of data for threat detection and characterization, advanced algorithms are required for data fusion as such fusion is an important part of C2 decision making in WMD scenarios. Herein we propose a system for robustly computing the appropriate ambiguity measures for advanced data fusion algorithms.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Edward A. Rietman
CBD 09-110      Awarded: 6/9/2009
Title:Sensor Fusion Software Tool for CBRN Global Threat Prediction and Assessment
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a software tool that is capable of fusing disparate data sources including hyperspectral standoff sensor data products, weather information, and point sensor data generated from a deployed network of sensors. The proposed software suite will be based on an algorithm that will compute the threat type, spatial and temporal concentration profiles as well as the statistical confidence of the results. This information will be overlaid on a geo-referenced map in order to provide the end-user with an integrated picture of the battle space. The software will be based on the latest developments in statistical learning theory and information fusion. These algorithms will rely on individual sensor performance data (P-d and P-fa) that are generated based on known sensitivity, selectivity, vulnerability, and propensities for false alarm for each individual sensor. As a result of this capability, the software tool will provide the end-user with a network performance prediction of the cloud track and concentration distribution as well as a confidence assessment associated with reported detections across the grid.

Torch Technologies, Inc.
4035 Chris Drive Suite C
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6000
Jim Schwaiger
CBD 09-110      Awarded: 6/1/2009
Title:CBRN Sensor and Sensor Netting Algorithms
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR proposal presents the Torch Technologies approach for the development of advanced, innovative, robust real-time algorithms for the integration of passive and active electro-optical sensor detections and identification information. In our proposal, we detail our ideas regarding the optimal fusion of Chemical Warfare (CW) agent sensor data within the innovative data fusion architecture developed by Torch Technologies for the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground (DPG). The proposed approach merges the DPG data fusion architecture, called ACRES (Advanced Chemical Release Evaluation System) with a Fourier Transform (FT) Raman spectrometer model and Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) sensor network modules, all developed by Torch personnel during the past 10 years, into a single framework. The framework will be designed to support feasibility assessments of enhanced multi-sensor CW data fusion concepts. The primary objective of the Torch Phase I SBIR will be to implement a distributed CW sensor network emulation in order to evaluate the feasibility of enhanced multi-sensor CW data fusion using an ACRES CW Agent identification (ID) feature augmented cloud measurement data fusion process. We will do this using a representative DTRA CW agent sensor track correlation/netting scenario using simulated CW agent sensor data communicated to the sensor data fusion node over an emulation of a Joint Sensor Network. The primary innovation in the Torch proposed effort is to apply our ACRES high-dimensionality CW Agent cloud state vector estimation process as a means to optimize the DTRA CW defense multi-sensor data fusion process.

---------- DARPA ----------

33 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
DARPA 09-001      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Thermo-Acoustic Unyielding Refrigerator
Abstract:To address the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)’s need for a compact and power efficient solid-state, multiferroic composite (MFC) based heat engine that outperforms a thermoelectric cooler by creating a 30-degree Celsius temperature difference, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Thermo- Acoustic Unyielding Refrigerator (TAUR). This proposed device is based on adiabatic, magnetocaloric, and electrocaloric cooling in an electrically activated multiferroic composite. The innovation in a unique device design that implements a multiferroic composite with thermomagnetic adiabatic cooling and a new structure for the thermal contact enable the device to perform like a solid-state Stirling cycle heat pump. As a result, this device cools an individual soldier wearing chemical-biological protective gear by pumping 300 W of heat power from an internal heat exchanger at 21 degrees Celsius to an external heat exchanger at 50 degrees Celsius, which directly addresses the DARPA request and Chemical and Biological Defense (CBD) individual protection program. In Phase I, POC will define and develop key component technological milestones for the TAUR and establish its technical feasibility through quantitative physics-based modeling and benchtop prototyping. In Phase II, POC plans to build a TAUR prototype system unit and conduct extensive tests and optimization.

Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc.
200 Innovation Blvd. Suite 237
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7400
Ailan Cheng
DARPA 09-001      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Multiferroic Approach to Heat Pumps
Abstract:Recently, it was reported by Prof. Zhang at Penn State that a giant electrocaloric effect can be achieved in the polar-fluoropolymers near room temperature. In this SBIR Phase I program, Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc., teaming up with Prof. Zhang at Penn State, will further optimize this class of polar-fluoropolymers to meet the operation requirement for the heat pumps used for the cooling for soldier wearing chemical-biologic protective gear. Heat pumps taking unique opportunity of this discovery will be designed and their performance will be analyzed.

MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 548-6997
Michael LaGasse
DARPA 09-002      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Wideband Photonic Sensor System
Abstract:MagiQ Technologies is proposing to develop and demonstrate a photonic method to permit the simultaneous transmission and reception (STAR) of diverse RF signals through a very wideband aperture. The method builds on our previous work where we have demonstrated more 80 dB rejection of coupled high power transmit signals into a nearby receiver. Our method has wide application for rejection of interferers from co-site antennas and jammers.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Rod Waterhouse
DARPA 09-002      Awarded: 8/17/2009
Title:Wideband Photonic STAR Module
Abstract:In this Phase I project we propose to investigate several novel antenna and electro-optic modulator concepts that are fundamental in the development of a wideband photonic simultaneous transmit and receive (STAR) module. Our objective is to create new technologies that will enable a photonic STAR module to have an operational bandwidth of over a decade with a Noise Figure of less than 6 dB and a transmit/receive isolation of greater than 40 dB. We will investigate printed antennas that have very low return loss properties over a wide band of frequencies and that can be directly integrated with new low Vpi modulators. During this Phase I project we will undertake thorough theoretical investigations of the proposed antenna and modulator configurations, using our comprehensive suite of design tools. We will establish generic design trends for the new structures and also determine the fundamental limits of these technologies. We will also fabricate proof-of-concept versions of the appropriate antennas and electrode structures and undertake measurements of the proposed prototypes to verify their performance.

Bashpole, Inc.
541 S. 27th St.
Philadelphia, PA 19146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 760-1613
Benjamin Ashpole
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:MISARO - MeetPeoplePlaces(tm) Inference for Stability and Reconstruction Operations
Abstract:Several geosocial inference concerns currently limit military stability and reconstruction operations. Contact lists are outdated, vendor history is not maintained, and coordination delays are common. In this Phase I SBIR project for DARPA, Bashpole Inc. will design and demonstrate the feasibility of MISARO, a web-based platform system to improve the process of finding the right people among military vendors, suppliers, and the military’s own human resources with the purpose of reducing the time to acquire vendor cost proposals, tracking and facilitating meetings with local leaders and vendors, centralizing coordination between multiple military and civilian organizations, and filling gaps left by currently utilized applications.

In this context, MISARO will answer the basic questions of who to communicate with, what information they need, when to approach them, where to meet them, why their support is vital, and how they may interact with military personnel. The goals of MISARO are to alleviate data staleness, predict importance, infer danger precautions, predict cultural requirements, rate vendors, rank results, and create complex workflows.

In Phase I, Bashpole’s systems analysts and subject matter experts will investigate viability and design approaches of proposed geosocial inference technology, validate a design through experimentation with simulated data, and evaluate potential benefits.

Fetch Technologies
841 Apollo Street Suite 400
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-9849
Matt Michelson
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Assistopedia: Mixed-initiative collaboration for social network creation
Abstract:To alleviate some of the more difficult and tedious tasks in collaboratively constructing information sources (e.g. Wikipedia), we propose Assistopedia, a mixed-initiative content collaboration system for building social networks. Assistopedia allows distributed human users and information agents to collectively construct social networks of specific interest to aid decision support for Stability and Reconstruction Operations (SARO). Information agents can perform tasks such as monitoring sources for changes and updating the network, or pulling in vast amounts of new information into network, thereby freeing up the human users to add the richer and more sophisticated information that is beyond the scope of the agents. Once constructed, users can query the network to answer SARO questions such as Who to talk to and Where to contact that person since these are all different attributes a user (or agent) could add to people in the network given its open structure. We will find real world sources from which to construct a test network that we will use to evaluate real world SARO questions. Further, we plan to interview military experts with SARO experience to help us evaluate the utility and direction of our approach.

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Rober Kapfer
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor Based Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:The primary objective of this effort is to research and develop advanced algorithms suitable for spectral signature extraction and spectral matching to improve full motion video (FMV) multi-target track longevity and purity. Black River Systems Company proposes a systems level approach to improving and evaluating performance using hyperspectral feature-aided association to achieve greater track lifetime and purity in urban and target-dense environments. Building obscuration, atmospheric effects, and target density and confusion are just some of the real life challenges that this system faces. The system and algorithms must address these challenges while being robust enough to handle the ever evolving camouflage, concealment and deception (CC&D) countermeasures. An end-to-end system model will be utilized to illustrate the combined potential benefits of hyperspectral feature extraction and association, FMV feature aided tracking, and sensor resource management (SRM). Upon completion, Black River Systems Company will outline the critical system components and requirements and illustrate notional system performance for long-term dismount and vehicle tracking in urban environments.

HyperTech Systems
4 Dickens Court
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 477-1019
David Slater
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor Based Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:We will develop an innovative system called SpecTrac that combines motion constraints with LWIR spectral properties for the tracking of vehicles and dismounts in complex environments. The SpecTrac target model will improve over time and supports tracking using LWIR surface and plume spectral features that are invariant to target temperature, viewing geometry, the thermal environment, and the atmospheric conditions. The new approach will allow SpecTrac to overcome difficulties faced by current tracking systems when encountering targets moving in close proximity in the presence of occlusion and variable target motion. SpecTrac is based on efficient algorithms that will allow real-time tracking on the sensor platform. During Phase I, SpecTrac will be assessed for the long- duration tracking of vehicles and dismounts using a large set of LWIR HSI data. We will also select a LWIR HSI sensor that will support Phase II data collection and provide transition opportunities. A detailed commercialization plan is given for the new software.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-9725
Juan Vasquez
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 8/3/2009
Title:Hyperspectral Mutli-Target Feature-Aided Tracking
Abstract:Military operations in urban warfare provide an added emphasis to effectively detect, track, and ID ground targets in challenging environments. Given the high dynamic nature of ground targets and the ambiguity that may result from closely spaced targets, incorporation of feature data from sensors such as hyperpsectral imagery (HSI) cameras provides a means to disambiguate the detection and tracking of these targets. The benefit of using these sensors in multi-target detection and tracking is the ability to build feature models for target tracks based on the spectral and spatial information over multiple wavelengths. The video-based tracking community has demonstrated the ability to resolve closely spaced targets by incorporating color features versus intensity data alone. The addition of 20 to 200 additional wavelengths has the potential to significantly improve target detection and tracking to distinguish among targets. The Phase I effort will develop and demonstrate an innovative multiple target feature-aided tracking system and a hierarchical detection process supported by novel detection techniques. The system will focus on HSI feature-aided tracking of multiple targets in an urban setting using both real and simulated data.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher Gittins
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 8/3/2009
Title:Exploitation of Hyperspectral Infrared Imagery for Persistent Tracking
Abstract:New tracking algorithms and sensing modalities are required to enable long duration (>1 hour) tracking of vehicles in urban environments. Anecdotal evidence suggests that long wavelength infrared (LWIR, lambda~8 to 12 microm) spectra of vehicle paints are sufficiently distinct to facilitate spectral-matching-based object detection and thereby reduce object confusion by tracking algorithms. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has also observed that LWIR spectra of vehicle paints are sensitive to contamination from oil, dust, and other foreign materials. This suggests that nominally identical vehicles, i.e., same make, model, and paint color, may be spectrally distinct as a result of their environmental history. In the Phase I program PSI will conduct field experiments and implement detection and tracking algorithms to quantify the value of LWIR hyperspectral imagery relative to broadband LWIR imagery for unsupervised object detection and long duration tracking. Quantitative assessment of LWIR-based object detection will be made using Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves. PSI will also demonstrate spatial resolution enhancement of hyperspectral LWIR imagery via fusion with resolution panchromatic imagery and assess the impact of resolution enhancement on ROC curves.

Banpil Photonics, Inc.
2953 Bunker Hill Lane Suite 400
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 282-3628
Achyut Dutta
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Multispectral (Near UV-SWIR) Image Sensor Array
Abstract:This small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop innovative uncooled multispectral (a.k.a. broadband) image sensor (a.k.a. focal plan array) for numerous applications including military, security, scientific, automobile, and medical imaging. The sensor has the spectral response covering from ~300 nm to 2500 nm and quantum efficiency of > 90% over entire detection ranges. Broad spectral image sensors are required for various ground-based, air-borne, space-borne applications, including remote sensing, surface topography, range detection, and real-time monitoring of biological systems. To date, several sensors covering different spectral ranges are used for this purpose. Next generation imaging systems require single sensor that can detect multiple spectral bands (300 to 2500 nm of wavelengths) and could be used for multiple imaging. Using of single sensor having multifunctional capability can make the system unusually small, light and low-power requirement. Today’s image sensors are designed to work either in visible or in near infrared region. None of those can provide broad spectral response near UV to shortwave infrared (SWIR) (300 nm to 2500 nm). A goal in Phase-I program is to carry on research and development of proposed multispectral (~300 nm to 2500 nm) image sensor of single pixel having higher quantum efficiency > 80% over entire spectral ranges, for showing its benefits over conventional image sensor. Banpil will demonstrate: (a) modeling and simulation of the proposed image sensor and also nano- scaled image sensor as the risk mitigate, (b) design and fabrication of proposed image sensor, and (c) demonstrate broad spectral ranges from UV to SWIR in Phase-I. Recognizing the vast application potential of Banpil’s image sensors, several industrial partners have expressed strong interest in commercializing this technology. In Phase II, Banpil will work with several leading image sensor companies who expressed strong interest on proposed multispectral image sensors, as a part of commercialization of the image sensor technology.

LightSpin Technologies, Inc.
4407 Elm Street, Suite 300
Chevy Chase, MD 20824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 809-9052
Eric Harmon
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title:Broadband UV to SWIR Focal Plane with Single Photon Capabilities
Abstract:LightSpin Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a broadband photodetector technology with high quantum efficiency and low noise spanning the wavelength range of 200 -- 2500 nm. LightSpin's unique approach enables full darkness-to-daylight operation with single photon sensitivity, more than 20 bits of dynamic range, automatic gain control and suppression of saturation and blooming effects. The approach readily scales to megapixel focal plane arrays and enables spectral binning with minimal signal loss.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8772
Ying Hsu
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title:Thermo-Electric Superlattice Focal Plane Array (TESFPA)
Abstract:Thermo-Electric Superlattice Focal Plan Array (TESFPA) is a new uncooled IR sensor for imaging in broad infrared spectrum (from 3 to 14 microns) achieved using nano- engineered superlattice thermoelectric materials. TESFPA is designed to meet DARPA goals for achieving higher sensitivity and faster response time than the current uncooled microbolometers, and to enable multispectral/polraimetric capability. Microbolometer is an absolute temperature sensor with limitation for performance improvement due to its extreme material sensitivity to temperature and thermo-resistive detection technique. In contrast, TESFPA detector is a true differential sensor with high temperature stability and material uniformity, because it uses thermo-voltaic detection. Analysis has shown that TESFPA detector technology is 100 times less sensitive to changes in ambient temperature than the microbolometer. By using thermo-voltaic detection and nano- engineered materials such as the superlattice thermoelectric systems, TESFPA can now achieve sensitivity approaching that of the cooled HgCdTe photon detectors. More importantly, TESFPA will dramatically reduce the amount of the post processing electronics required, thereby reducing system power consumption and size, each by an order of magnitude as compared to microbolometers. Successful development of TESFPA will enable future development of the IR Camera-in-a-Chip, making IR cameras in sizes similar to visible cameras that are ubiquitous today.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Ravi Verma
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:High Speed, Low Noise Nanobolometer for multispectral imaging
Abstract:Several emerging applications require multispectral LWIR/MWIR imaging with an uncooled (because of weight and power concerns) imager with performance metrics (D* and speed of operation) that is comparable to those provided by cooled HgCdTe photodiodes. Unfortunately, uncooled LWIR/MWIR detectors are based on bolometers, and traditional bolometers are broadband devices that cannot be easily adapted to be spectrally selective. Further, the traditional bolometer trade space precludes the development of high speed and low noise devices. Tanner Research is proposing to leverage recent developments in nanophotonics to circumvent the traditional bolometer trade space. We will use the demonstrated nanobolometer concept, and develop it into a low noise, high- speed multispectral imager in Phase II. In Phase I, we will provide proof of concept demonstrations in single devices that demonstrate the scaleability of our technology.

Aurrion LLC
3914 Via lucero Unit G
Santa Barbara, CA 93110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 455-6166
Greg Fish
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Integrated Low Jitter Mode Locked Lasers
Abstract:Integrated mode locked lasers are a compact, highly stable means to generate subpicosecond pulses with extremely small pulse to pulse jitter. These are important elements in next generation optical ADCs, pulsed LIDAR, and high speed transmitters. Integration on a silicon platform has a number of inherent advantages: low cost manufacturing in a high volume CMOS facility, ultralow loss optical waveguides, dispersion compensation using silicon ring resonators, and integration with other elements such as modulators, amplifiers, and optical samplers. The ultralow loss of silicon waveguides is important for operation at 8-12 GHz, where the cavity lengths are on the order of 4 mm long. The low loss is also important for high quality ring resonators, which are important for dispersion compensation and short pulse operation. Today, most mode locked lasers utilize many bulk optic components in the cavity, resulting in high coupling losses and internal reflections. The integration of these elements in an integrated cavity will result in lower loss, higher performance and lower cost. The use of a silicon substrate allows low cost, high volume silicon packaging for improved environmental performance in military environments.

Mesa Photonics, LLC
5 Bisbee Ct. Suite 109-305
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 216-5015
Daniel Kane
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:Integrated, Low-Jitter Monolithic Quantum Dot Mode-Locked Lasers
Abstract:High precision digitization of very high frequency waveforms requires sample clocks that have extremely low timing jitter and low noise; any error in timing appears as an error in the sampled signal itself, greatly reducing the dynamic range of the sampled signal. Furthermore, real world and military requirements dictate compact, robust, and inexpensive solutions. Mesa Photonics, LLC and the University of New Mexico propose to develop a low jitter, low noise, completely monolithic next generation optical clock that is based on passively mode-locked quantum dot diode lasers, which will be useful for optical sampling, photonic ADCs and optical receivers. By removing the complexity of active mode-locking, these devices will be more robust and compact than actively mode- locked systems. In addition, these passively mode-locked lasers operate in a wavelength region that is ideal for silicon photonics, about 1240 nm. This wavelength region is below the bandgap of silicon, making the wavelength region suitable for silicon waveguides and SiGe and Si detectors. This SBIR effort is designed to better understand jitter and noise sources in quantum dot-based passively mode-locked diode lasers and to develop a monolithic optical oscillator that is suitable for high dynamic range, broadband digital receiver systems and optical analog-to-digital converter (ADC) technology.

CoolCAD Electronics
7101 Poplar Avenue
Takoma Park, MD 20912
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 432-6535
Michael Holloway
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title:CAD Tool Development and Design for 3D Integrated Circuits: Optimizing Thermal Effects, Delay, Placement and Routing
Abstract:We plan to develop unique CAD design tools, which facilitate the design of 3D integrated circuits and circuit elements, as well as tools to predict the parasitic effects resulting from 3D integration. These CAD tools will use novel techniques to simultaneously simulate the temperature distribution and heating in a 3D IC and its effect on circuit performance; an efficient impulse response method to model the electromagnetic coupling between metal interconnects in a 3D IC, and the RC and RLC delays of interconnect network. For mixed signal 3D IC’s, we will propose guidelines for the design of efficient passive circuit elements including 3D inductors and antennas. We will also develop optimized sub-circuit routing and placement algorithms that take local temperature, and RC, RL and RLC effects into account for laying out integrated circuits in 3D. We propose to design tools that enable use of standard simulation languages and layout software such as Verilog and Cadence for 3D integration. Finally, we plan to utilize our CAD tools and methodologies to design a new 3D IC that can be submitted for fabrication.

GoofyFoot Labs
5821 Sky Park Dr.
Plano, TX 75093
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 642-0857
Nisha Checka
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Design and Fabrication Techniques for 3-Dimensional Integrated Circuits
Abstract:The 3-D integration of systems through monolithic wafer stacking is an emerging technology that can alleviate power, delay, and area problems for digital circuits and can enable a host of new applications in the System-on-Chip design space. Currently, CAD tools for 3-D integration are severely lacking stagnating potentially explosive growth of the technology. GoofyFoot Labs will develop a CAD verification suite to accurately and efficiently simulate 3-D ICs for issues that are of chief concern to 3-D designers: thermal, signal integrity, and reliability. Existing commercial 3-D CAD tools are limited to place and route and layout. No commercial tool exists to perform full-scale verification incorporating 3-D thermal and signal integrity effects. Designers can use the proposed CAD tool at all stages of the design cycle to determine the performance and reliability effects induced by wafer stacking. During Phase I, we will develop the tool framework and algorithms and demonstrate performance improvements achievable with the new framework. During Phase II, we will develop a full-scale prototype, which will then be used to design and evaluate and an ultra low power, 3-D integrated sensor.

Tezzaron Semiconductor Corp.
1415 Bond St. #111
Naperville, IL 60563
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 505-0404
Robert Patti
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Design and Fabrication Techniques for 3-Dimensional Integrated Circuits
Abstract:Tezzaron proposes to use and extend its 3D wafer stacking technology to produce a 8Gb DRAM. The device will be made from 8 layers of memory and a single logic control layer, providing density far beyond the capability of current commercial technology. A device of this density can offer significant improvements in system power, size, weight and performance. The major unknown in creating a device like this, are the issues that may arise when 3D integration is practiced beyond Tezzaron current devices of 3 or 4 tiers. In Phase I "dummy" wafers will be stacked to determine the feasibility of the planned 9 layer device to be fabricated as part of Phase II.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu Nguyen
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 12/28/2009
Title:A Novel High-Resolution Panoramic Camera
Abstract:Panoramic cameras that are capable of capturing very large fields of view are offering new opportunities for video surveillance systems to achieve better performance in terms of better coverage, less cameras that are required and lower installation cost. Despite this potential, builders of surveillance systems are still reluctant to use panoramic cameras since they are still much more expensive than conventional cameras while the video quality is usually poorer than simply using multiple individual cameras due to drawbacks such as low frame rate, non-uniform resolution, the multiple viewpoint problem, a cumbersome design etc. In this project, UtopiaCompression Corp. (UC) with our collaborators will develop an innovative panoramic video camera to address the issues with the existing design. The camera is based on a novel combination of multiple conventional cameras and planar mirrors. While being compact, lightweight and low cost, the new camera is capable of acquiring panoramic images of a large filed-of-view at video rate, with high and substantially uniform resolution, and from a single viewpoint.

Vision Technology, Inc.
1808 Foxborough Ct.
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 398-0161
John Hart
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 8/31/2009
Title:High-Resolution Imaging of Large Field-of-View Scenes
Abstract:This Phase I proposal is for evaluating the feasibility of a new camera with the following capabilities. (1) Camera simultaneously captures a video over a 360ºx180º field of view (FOV). (2) Objects appear equally sharp regardless of the direction in which they are located. (3) Resolution is large enough to capture the details of the smallest objects of interest at sufficient resolution. (4) Video rate imaging. (5) Seamless imaging, without artifacts and distortions. (6) Entire FOV is captured from a single viewpoint. (7) Brightness and direction adaptive imaging capabilities adjust sensor dynamic range and resolution as needed. (8) Low cost, power-consumption, and low form-factor, weight and frame delay. (9) Easy to operate by ordinary users. (10) Performance-cost trade-off is possible to match need. A simple prototype of the proposed camera, based on a preliminary technical approach, has been built and tested. The results encourage the proposed feasibility study of a camera of the type solicited under the current topic. There is a range of defense and commercial applications of the camera. Some of the agencies and companies with whom discussions have been held will collaborate in the production, and/or as users, of the proposed camera following the proposed study.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Lawrence Domash
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 7/30/2009
Title:Panoramic Helmet-Mounted Display and Processing
Abstract:Leveraging on our extensive experience on laser projection technology, AGILTRON proposes to realize a new class of see-through type of Head Mounted Display (HMD) with wide field of view and foveal vision ability, targeted for integrating with enhanced vision systems for night and daytime dismounted infantry combat operations with a secondary function of providing command and control information and external imagery from weapon sights or other platforms. The proposed HMD is very lightweight, compact, easy to mount on any standard helmets, and is based on commercial components. Furthermore, our designs offer advantageous attributes of high speed, low cost, simple design, and withstand severe environmental conditions. The feasibilities of the proposed laser projection technology have been successfully demonstrated. In this Phase I program, the image processing algorithm will be optimized and a functional prototype of the proposed foveal vision HMD will be developed and demonstrated.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:Wide FOV Processor Integrated Conformal Holographic Tiling Helmet-Mounted Display
Abstract:To address the DARPA need for a paroramic, wide field-of-view (FOV) helmet-mounted display, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wide FOV Processor Integrated Conformal Holographic Tiling Helmet-Mounted Display (WiPICHT- HMD) technology. This proposed system is based on optically tiled OLED microdisplays with conformal multiplexed holographic waveguide optics, which prevent light-leakage for covert operation. The innovations in WiPICHT-HMD include holographic tiling of low-cost small FOV high-resolution microdisplays to generate wide-FOV high-resolution displays. Sensor information from large-format megapixel sensor will be processed by a computationally efficient parallel compressive sampling architecture and adaptively fused with tactical symbology within an optimized binocular overlap. The compact low-power WiPICHT-HMD can be integrated with a clip-on ANVIS-compatible helmet mount for existing systems. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WiPICHT-HMD by providing a laboratory demonstration of a single-color see-through HMD with the goal of 2550 x 1200 pixels for the central and periphery regions. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a high- resolution (4250 x 2400 pixels) WiPICHT-HMD clip-on prototype that allows for 20:20 visual acuity in the central region and meets the space weight ergonomic and power requirements for current helmets.

JENTEK Sensors, Inc.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Darrell Schlicker
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Digital Eddy Current Tomography for Submarine Pressure Hull Inspection Through the Coating
Abstract:A capability to inspect submarine pressure hulls through the special hull treatment could result in significant savings in maintenance costs and improvements in fleet readiness. This poses a challenge for conventional nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods, as acoustic methods are defeated by the coating and others require access to the surface. This proposal will develop rapid 3-D crack models and multivariate inverse methods for crack length, depth and location imaging to provide digital eddy current tomography. JENTEK’s Meandering Winding Magnetometer (MWM) Arrays have delivered superior performance for a variety of NDE tasks. JENTEK’s engine component inspection systems, for example, in use by NAVAIR at several depots, have been called the “gold standard” due to their capability to detect flaws in hard-to-inspect areas missed by other NDE methods. The JENTEK/DoD team was awarded the 2007 FAA-ATA “Better Way” award for this system. This proposed program will benefit significantly from complementary programs currently funded by Chevron and USDOT. These three year programs, focused on inspecting pipelines through coatings and insulation, will address some of the obstacles that must be surmounted to achieve digital EC tomography, such as the large stand-off distance, while this proposed program focuses on crack and flaw modeling and imaging.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Volodymyr Romanov
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:X-Ray Compton Backscattering Computed Tomography System for One-Side in situ High-Pressure Submarine Hull Inspection
Abstract:To address the DARPA need for non-acoustic tomography for NDE/NDI of the structural integrity of base metals and elements of submarine hull structures (even through hull treatments), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new industrial X- ray Compton Backscattering Computed Tomography (CBCT) system. CBCT is based on registration of multiple Compton backscattered X-ray 2D-images of an object, to restore its 3D-image using a POC-developed inverse Radon transform for Compton backscattered X-rays. Innovations in the real-time inverse Compton Radon transform algorithm, a high- energy X-ray (2-4 MeV) generated by an industrial portable linear accelerator, apodized Gaussian aperture array, and capillary scintillator will enable CBCT to perform in situ one- side NDE/NDI of high-pressure submarine hulls, even without a thorough surface cleaning of the hull coating. The CBCT system can be easily adapted for handheld usage, and for underwater applications. CBCT has a penetration depth of 2-3 in. of steel, with field-of- view ~1.5 ft x 1.5 ft, spatial resolution ~0.01 in., and density resolution no more than 2 percent, which directly address the DARPA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate CBCT system feasibility by determining its resolution, registration, and errors. In Phase II, POC will design and test a CBCT system prototype.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
12587 Fair Lakes Circle #342
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 272-1319
Mark Sullivan
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:Robust Distributed GPS Apertures
Abstract:Azure Summit Technology will develop algorithms and techniques for Vector Navigation (VNAV) in this Phase I effort. Using actual collected GPS signals from a degraded RF environment, we will establish feasibility of VNAV through modeling and simulation. We will also develop a plan for a real time demonstration of VNAV in Phase II, as well as to clearly define the product development and funding path to Phase III.

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Alison Brown
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 8/5/2009
Title:Robust Distributed GPS Apertures
Abstract:The DoD is heavily dependent on the Global Positioning System (GPS) for worldwide military operations. The GPS signal is subject to a variety of potential degradations, such as path loss (e.g., foliated or indoor environments), multipath (e.g., urban canyon or in- building), and interference (intentional or unintentional). There are many military applications where a group of GPS users may operate together in a denied or degraded GPS environment. Using the traditional GPS receiver approach, individual or all users may be denied the ability to navigate in such an environment, even though each user may be intermittently receiving useful satellite signal information. Under this SBIR effort, NAVSYS proposes to develop a design for a GPS Distributed Aperture Processing (GDAP) system which uses composite GPS and intra-network ranging measurements from a network of GPS users to combine the respective satellite signals that they are tracking and allow operation in a degraded environment. We shall develop and demonstrate the algorithms and techniques that will be employed using the GDAP approach to overcome jamming, multipath and signal blockage conditions, using our in-house simulation tools. A design shall also be developed to implement GDAP on a network of Software Defined Radios under the Phase II effort.

Andrews Space, Inc.
505 5th Ave S Suite 300
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 342-9934
Darrel Robertson
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 8/5/2009
Title:High Energy Micro Rocket Stages for Tactical & Space Applications
Abstract:Andrews Space, Inc. proposes to test new high energy density propellant combinations and conduct a feasibility study on their applications. These propellants are enablers for use in high performance tactical missiles, high delta-V single stage vehicles such as a suborbital point to point vehicles, and compact high energy upper stages. Our Phase I approach is to develop stage and vehicle designs that leverage 40 years of launch operations experience and are consistent with the environmental considerations of the present day. Specifically, we are focused on using “green” propellants that are non- toxic, non-carcinogenic, and are, ideally, non-cryogenic at room temperatures. Previous “green” liquid fueled high energy density vehicle studies and development activities have focused on a range of bi-propellants options leveraging combinations of LOX or H2O2 and hydrocarbon based fuels. For this effort Andrews will use RP-1, in combination with both LOX and H2O2 depending on the mission application, to represent the “state of the art”. Based on previous studies there are only a few identified propellant combinations that provide better overall stage / vehicle energy density and performance than RP-1 using LOX or H2O2 as the oxidizer. Andrews will evaluate these other non-traditional fuel options including a previously unstudied fuel mixture.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 304-4086
Zachary Taylor
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 7/30/2009
Title:Cryo-composite Tank for HyperBAT
Abstract:To achieve the high propellant mass fraction (PMF) required by future high energy propulsion systems, light-weight propellant tanks are essential. GTL’s Supra-tanks™ can approach the theoretical performance limit for carbon fiber pressure vessels using cryogenic or room-temperature propellants. By combining the Blended Hybrid Laminate™ (BHL™) technology with aspects of the Highly Integrated Modular Structure™ (HIMS™) technology, the performance of cryogenic pressure vessels can be reduced to far less than 1.0 lbm/ft3 with an extremely high cycle life, even at relatively small sizes. GTL proposes to demonstrate the Supra-tank developing the HyperBAT (Hypersonic Ballistic Transport) technology demonstration vehicle. The HyperBAT is a small scalable stage designed to carry a 100 lbm payload with an ideal velocity change of 25,000 fps. This reusable vehicle is designed to accommodate a series of upgrades to demonstrate a series of technologies before incorporation into an optimized operational system. In the Phase I effort, GTL proposes to fabricate subscale pressure vessels using the BHL technology. These units will be subjected to repeated cryo-pressure cycling to verify the capabilities of the technology. Based on these results, GTL will develop the preliminary design of a full-scale tank for the HyperBAT demonstration vehicle.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title:A High Performance, Low Cost, Rocket Engine System for Tactical and Space Applications
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate, a novel high- energy rocket engine stage for applications in global reach boost glide aircraft, spacecraft, and upper stage vehicle. In phase I, the proposed investigation will focus upon characterizing critical technology at the component level to ensure realistic system level design. The emphasis will be to evaluate vehicle performance as a function of various modified subcomponents to confidently meet the outlined missions.

Ventions, LLC
1142 Howard Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 543-2800
Adam London
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 8/12/2009
Title:High Performance Micro Rocket Stages for Tactical & Space Applications
Abstract:The development of small-scale space vehicles is largely limited by the inability to realize high propellant mass fractions and high ISP micro-propulsion systems. Ventions therefore proposes the development of regeneratively-cooled liquid bipropellant rocket-motors in a pump-fed configuration for a variety of point-to-point and ballistic air-vehicle applications. The proposed components are based on a low-cost fabrication technique that has already been successfully used by Ventions in other DARPA-sponsored efforts to demonstrate high T/W micro-rocket injectors and thrusters, and is expected to allow for propellant mass fractions in the 92-94% range for a structurally-efficient air-vehicle with on-board pump pressurization and light-weight tanks (which are also the focus of the stated Phase I effort).

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 396-6335
Heather Brendle
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 8/6/2009
Title:Personal Air Vehicle Lift Fan Design (PAV-LiFaD)
Abstract:With the significant advancements in motor efficiency and energy storage technology, electric propulsion systems have become viable power plants and power supplements to aircraft. Offering high power-to-weight ratios, electric drive systems significantly increase the design capabilities for vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) capable platforms. Ducted fans offer the ability to develop an enclosed and integrated airframe solution. Further propulsion research and development is required to satisfy the mission range and safety requirements for a manned long range personal air vehicle capable of carrying out a 2 hour mission with the ability to both fly and drive on a single tank of fuel. Aurora Flight Science’s experience with ducted fan technology will be combined with ThinGap’s innovative ring motor technology to design a lift fan unit capable of meeting the need for a safe, compact, lightweight, reliable, and scalable electric power plant for use in a personal air vehicle designed to carry out military operations over a variety of terrains.

Ventions, LLC
1142 Howard Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 453-2800
Rory Keogh
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:A High T/W, Low TSFC Propulsion System for PAV Applications
Abstract:To-date, the realization of VTOL personal air vehicles capable of executing agile missions has largely been limited by the availability of high T/W, low fuel-consumption propulsion systems with minimal noise and IR signatures. Ventions therefore proposes the development of an innovative, high T/W, low-TSFC turbofan in the 100-500lbf thrust-class for a variety of air-vehicle applications.

The proposed concept uses a novel means for coupling a high-speed turbojet core with a low-speed fan spool so as to realize a high bypass ratio turbofan(and hence, low-TSFC) in a light-weight, low-cost manner without the use of a mechanical coupling or gearbox. The critical aspects of this coupling have already been demonstrated as part of a previous DARPA-funded effort; the proposed Phase I effort therefore seeks to adapt the specific engine for a PAV application.

---------- OSD ----------

31 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Zhenli Zhang
OSD 09-C01      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Corrosion Resistant Naval Alloys: Innovative Multi-Scale Computational Modeling and Simulation Tools
Abstract:EPIR Technologies Inc. proposes to develop a multi-scale modeling tool based on the integration of finite element methods (FEM), molecular dynamics (MD) and cellular automata (CA) that can simulate the evolution of pitting (one of the most important forms of corrosion) and the resultant mechanical properties of naval alloys on a macroscopic size scale, namely hundreds of micrometers. Specifically, we will use FEM to study the transport of chemical species and the electric potential evolution of the fluid phase, and use CA with local rules trained by MD simulations to study the pitting evolution of the metal phase. Our proposed methodology takes advantage of the strengths of various simulation techniques and uniquely links them into an efficient and flexible platform. It allows the simulation of macroscopic corrosion behavior by directly incorporating both chemical and physical interactions over broad length scales ranging from angstroms to hundreds of micrometers. Characterization tools will also be developed to analyze the simulated pit morphologies. Elastic moduli and strain profiles will be calculated by MD simulations to characterize the mechanical properties of corroded alloys.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 328-5800
Jason T. Sebastian
OSD 09-C01      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Corrosion Resistant Naval Alloys: Innovative Multi-Scale Computational Modeling and Simulation Tools
Abstract:QuesTek proposes to apply its Materials by Design® technology to the development of a multiscale modeling architecture of ultra-high strength (UHS) steel corrosion behavior. In Phase I, models developed within this architecture will consider the underlying microstructure and nanostructure of the base steel in determining passive layer composition and thickness. Point defect models (PDMs) will be developed to predict oxide passive film stability (including breakdown conditions). Explicit inputs to the modeling architecture will include the detailed composition and heat treatment conditions of various UHS steels, as well inputs related to the corrosive environment conditions (pH, chloride ion concentration, etc.). Models will be calibrated with QuesTek’s extensive database of UHS steel microstructural, nanostructural, and corrosion behavior information.

Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd.
The Millennium Centre R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
G.S. Murty
OSD 09-C01      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Alloy Design for Corrosion Resistance Via Computational Optimization Route
Abstract:The objective of the proposed SBIR Phase I study is to evolve an aluminum alloy (7xxx series) with superior corrosion resistance and mechanical properties making use of computational tools. The methodology of this approach is to obtain corrosion data from the literature as input data and then perform optimization trials making use of the multi- objective hybrid evolutionary optimization software packages and response surface methodologies of Florida International University. This software has the proven capability to deal with various alloy design applications using minimal experimental data. The computational trials will yield optimal alloy composition for the best combination of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties, simultaneously. The evolutionary optimization approach minimizes the effort needed for alloy design by avoiding a large volume of experimentation, characteristic of conventional alloy development, and guarantees the mathematically best possible solutions. The results of optimization will be experimentally validated by processing an alloy of predicted composition and evaluating its corrosion resistance and mechanical properties in Phase I. More intensive evaluations of alloy developed in Phase I will continue towards implementation of Phase I results into practice in Phase II.

VEXTEC Corporation
750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 372-0299
Robert Tryon
OSD 09-C01      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Corrosion Resistant Naval Alloys: Innovative Multi-Scale Computational Modeling and Simulation Tools
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed effort is to build a methodology and the associated multi-scale computational tools that enable the development of corrosion resistant alloys for use in Naval aircraft. This will be achieved by adding corrosion damage prediction capabilities to VEXTEC’s existing damage models which simulate material fatigue and predict failure. The goal is a framework that accounts for both corrosion damage and fatigue damage and produces a comprehensive assessment of alloy performance in an operational environment. This will be accomplished through the use of finite element analysis combined with probabilistic microstructure-based fatigue modeling. The tool will be developed in Phase I for aluminum alloy 7075-T651, a common material used in aircraft structures. The tool will be used to predict the mechanical and corrosion properties of the alloy based on material properties, microstructure, and processing history. These predictions will be compared with experimental data acquired from open literature regarding the testing of this alloy. The successful comparison of predictions with experimental data will be used to demonstrate conceptual design feasibility of the corrosion fatigue prediction tool.

ATI Inc.
1505 Bull Lea Road
Lexington, KY 40511
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 541-1825
Alex Cho
OSD 09-C02      Awarded: 7/21/2009
Title:Innovative Methodologies for the Development of a High Strength, Anodize-Free Corrosion Resistant, Aerospace Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:The objective of this program is develop high strength aluminum alloys ( as high strength as that of 7075-T6) that would not require anodization to achieve corrosion resistance. Among the Al alloy systems, only 7xxx and Al-Cu-Li alloy systems are capable of such a high strength level of 7075-T6 properties ( design minimum tensile yield stress of 75 ksi). Therefore, only these two alloy systems will be examined in this program. To achieve the property goals, the concept of micro alloying will be employed. If successful, the new alloy/products will be evaluated by major aluminum rolling mills and extruders and forgers for its potential for full scale commercial implementation.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 328-5800
Abhijeet Misra
OSD 09-C02      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Computational Design of High-Strength Anodize-Free Stainless Aluminum Alloys for Aerospace Applications
Abstract:Most aerospace aluminum alloys are anodized in order to enhance corrosion resistance. Unfortunately, anodization can reduce fatigue strength by as much as 40%, and also results in a hazardous materials waste-stream. Under this proposed SBIR program, QuesTek Innovations LLC, a leader in the field of computational materials design, will develop a new high-strength anodize-free stainless aluminum alloy with intrinsic corrosion behavior similar to anodized 7xxx alloys and mechanical properties equivalent to non-anodized 7075-T6 alloy. General corrosion is largely driven by differences in electrochemical behavior between the different phases in the system, and QuesTek will utilize a microstructural concept of combining precipitates and constituents with a matrix having similar electrochemical potential, in order to eliminate localized general corrosion. The electrochemical design framework will use QuesTek’s state-of-the-art computational design tools for aluminum alloys, including custom thermodynamic and kinetic databases, microstructural evolution models, physics-based strength models, solidification process simulations, and stress-corrosion cracking models. In the program QuesTek will partner with OEMs who will help define the material and process requirement matrix, and ultimately lead the alloy implementation. Concept feasibility will be demonstrated on model alloys fabricated in the Phase I program. Production-scale fabrication of the designed alloy will be demonstrated in Phase II.

ATI Inc.
1505 Bull Lea Road
Lexington, KY 40511
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 541-1825
Alex Cho
OSD 09-C03      Awarded: 7/21/2009
Title:Highly Corrosion Resistant Aluminum Alloys: Innovative Processing Methods to Enhanced Corrosion Resistance (e.g., layered structures, etc.)
Abstract:Two different approaches will be investigated for producing aluminum alloys with a layer structure that have mechanical properties similar to Al 7050-T7 and Al 7075-T6 and greatly improved corrosion resistance. Layered aluminum alloys will be produced using the Novelis-Fusion™ casting process. This process is very cost effective and has been demonstrate on commercial products. The other approach is to use the spray metal forming process to apply a corrosion resistant aluminum alloy to a high strength aluminum alloy. Microstructure analysis and mechanical property and corrosion tests will be performed to characterize the materials. It is anticipated that these processes will produce layer aluminum structures that have properties comparable to 7050-T7, with a 3x improvement in corrosion fatigue and alloys that have the mechanical properties of 7075- T6 and a stress corrosion cracking threshold stress >75% of the alloy’s yield strength.

Black Laboratories, L.L.C.
12050 Jefferson Avenue Suite 240
Newport News, VA 23606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 269-0230
Roy Crooks
OSD 09-C03      Awarded: 7/15/2009
Title:Highly Corrosion Resistant Aluminum Alloys: an Innovative Processing Method to Enhance Corrosion Resistance (e.g., layered structures, etc.)
Abstract:The cost of corrosion for DoD has approached $20B per year. Naval aviation costs are about $5.4 billion/yr for corrosion related maintenance of aircraft and ships. Light-weight, high strength, aluminum alloys are used extensively throughout Navy aircraft, but require large repair and maintenance cost for damage due to corrosion. High strength alloys such as 7075 or 2024 are often clad with more anodic layers hot-roll bonded to the surfaces of the plate. The cladding serves as a barrier but also provides cathodic protection to the plate if the clad layer is penetrated. Clad products have limitations on the combination of alloys that can be bonded, and concerns over the integrity of the alloy bond interface. Cladding alloys are typically softer than the core material and undergo much more extensive plastic deformation during roll-bonding, which, along with properly prepared surfaces, are important factors in obtaining a bond which is free of voids or large oxide inclusions. The technical approach of this project is to develop the alloy technology for the use of the Novelis Fusion™ method of dual alloy casting and apply it to high strength and corrosion resistant, multilayer aluminum for aircraft applications.

Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd.
The Millennium Centre R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
Harold L. Stauver
OSD 09-C03      Awarded: 7/15/2009
Title:Multi-Layer Approach for Corrosion Resistance of Aircraft Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:The objective of this proposed Phase I study is to develop an alternate production practice for high-strength aircraft aluminum alloys via an experimental layering process in order to enhance stress corrosion cracking (SCC) resistance. The basic operational processing procedure is to produce aluminum through roll bonding of a composite of several layers of standard material such that the grain shape/orientation alternates through the through- thickness plane of the finished plate. It is known from the literature that stress-corrosion cracking will propagate in the short-transverse direction and to some degree in the long transverse direction. The intent of this investigation will be to determine whether a layering of previously processed aircraft plate in 0-90 and 0-45 orientations can result in a microstructure that will inhibit the progress of SCC damage through the thickness plane of the plate material. The experiment will compare three conditions: i) standard process aircraft alloys, ii) cross-rolled aircraft material, and iii) layered material produced from standard un-clad aircraft plate. If the Phase I effort is successful, more extensive testing and scale-up attempts will take place during Phase II.

Zatorski Coating Company, Inc.
77 Wopowog Road
East Hampton, CT 06424
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 983-8877
Ray Zatorski
OSD 09-C03      Awarded: 7/15/2009
Title:Cormulayer Aluminum (Corrosion Resistant Multi-Layer Aluminum)
Abstract:Cormulayer Aluminum (Corrosion Resistant Multi-Layer Aluminum) that is a three layer structure with a base of a 7000 series alloy; an intermediate layer of a soft, corrosion sacrificial layer of high lithium content-aluminum or high magnesium content-aluminum alloy; and a top layer for corrosion resistance of a 5000 series alloy. The base layer provides the strength for the sandwich and the top layer provides strength and general corrosion resistance. The intermediate layer is for both providing corrosion resistance to the base 7000 layer and for stopping cracks from propagating through the layered structure. This intermediate layer is cathodic to the other layers and will provide general cathodic protection and will turn corrosion pits from continuing through to the base 7000 series aluminum layer. The layered sheet and plate will have similar or improved fatigue resistance compared to the 7075-T7 / 7050-T7 with comparable strength. Thermal spray deposition is used to develop the corrosion resistant aluminum layered structure. These coupons and plates are used for corrosion testing. The best performing alloy combinations are then fabricated using roll forming techniques with heat treatment for confirming corrosion tests and for fatigue tests.

Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
65 West Street Road Building C
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
Jeffrey Waldman
OSD 09-C04      Awarded: 7/15/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for the Development of Ultra-High Strength Intrinsically Corrosion Resistant Steel
Abstract:The materials used in Navy aircraft are subjected to the harsh corrosive maritime operational environment which can cause costly corrosion maintenance problems and failures. Of special importance is the high strength steels used in Navy aircraft landing gears. The current alloys such as AerMet 100 have an excellent combination of strength and toughness but they are not corrosion resistant and require complex and costly materials protection schemes. This SBIR will develop an ultra high strength stainless steel with mechanical properties equivalent to those of AerMet 100 and the corrosion resistance of PH 13-8 (H1025). The SBIR Phase I will involve the design and modeling of low cost, corrosion resistant, high strength, high fracture toughness steels for use as landing gear components. Phase I work will demonstrate the feasibility by producing and testing laboratory scale quantities of the steels. The approach taken to develop these ultra-high strength stainless steels will involve developing chromium-containing high strength steels that utilize improved secondary hardening techniques in combination with the precipitation of strengthening phases.

Utron Kinetics, LLC
9441 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 369-5552
Karthik Nagarathnam
OSD 09-C04      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Development of Ultra-High Strength Intrinsically Corrosion Resistant Steels Using High Pressure Powder Compaction Technology
Abstract:In response to OSD/NAVY’s need for landing gear component applications, We propose to develop advanced high strength steels using CDC compaction manufacturing. Common materials used are 4340 steel, 300M, and AerMet 100. AerMet 100 has superior material properties to 4340 and 300M. Landing gear components made from AerMet 100 has had success within the USN. However this is an expensive and limited supply material. The nominal material property values for AerMet 100 are 250-ksi 0.2 percent yield strength, 285-ksi ultimate strength, and 100 ksivin. An ultra high strength stainless steel with mechanical properties equivalent to AeroMet 100 and the corrosion resistance of a PH 13- 8 (H1025) is desired. Representative desirable properties include: UTS (ksi) > 290 YS (ksi) > 245 KIC (ksiãin) > 100 KISCC (ksiãin) > 70. UTRON proposes an innovative manufacturing process technology called the high pressure Combustion Driven Powder Compaction (CDC) to manufacture near net shape quality, dense, fine grained and mechanically durable high density ferrous based components such as Carpenter’s Custom 465 stainless martensitic steels, Aermet 100, 17-4 PH and Other PH 13-8 Mo martensitic stainless steel as base materials and select optimized alloying additions such as (e.g., Al, Nb, Hf, Zr, Re) to further improve the mechanical and corrosion properties as well as select composite dispersoids such as carbides such as boron carbide, silicon carbide. Some of the unique process advantages of CDC technology include higher green and sintered part densities, ability to produce novel alloys with near net shape parts, single/multi-layered materials, minimal shrinkage attributes compared to conventional means and improved microstructures/properties. We propose to develop competitive high strength and corrosion resistant steel alloys using high pressure CDC and suitable post- process HIPing, sintering/heat treatment strategies with improvement in mechanical and stress corrosion properties. Microstructures, microchemistries and properties of the optimized alloys will be developed. In Phase II, we plan to further focus on the optimum alloys and develop near net shape complex manufactured components as well as scale- up of the press/tooling hardware.

L. Raymond & Associates
20261 SW Acacia Street Suite 120
Newport Beach, CA 92660
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 474-0218
Anthony Chau
OSD 09-C05      Awarded: 8/10/2009
Title:Innovative Concepts for Rapid and Inexpensive Testing for Threshold Stress Intensity (KISCC) under Stress Corrosion Cracking
Abstract:Presently SCC data is expensive to generate and of limited value in design. It is proposed to develop a rapid and inexpensive method for determining KISCC in aluminum alloys in a reasonable time to be of value to the designer by taking advantage of the synergism between mechanical loading and potentiostatic charging. The method will: 1.

Luminit, LLC
1850 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1066
Dmitry Voloschenko
OSD 09-C05      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Holographic Interferometric Instrument for Threshold Stress Intensity
Abstract:To address the OSD need to inexpensively measure the KIscc of aluminum alloys, Luminit, LLC proposes to develop a new Holographic Interferometric Instrument for Threshold Stress Intensity (HITS). This proposed HITS is based on double-exposure holographic interferometric technique to study stress corrosion cracking. The proposed method will offer accurate and fast measuring of KIscc. In Phase I, Luminit will demonstrate the feasibility of HITS by designing and assembling the experimental set-up and measuring KIscc for one or more aluminum alloys at various grain orientations. In Phase II, Luminit plans to develop a fully-functional prototype to show how HITS solves the problem of rapid and accurate measurement of KIscc of aluminum alloys. HITS will accommodate the specific needs of end users and demonstrate all relevant performance metrics so that it can be used to prepare a standard measurement procedure through a nationally recognized standards organization.

Blue Marble Rehabilitation
1445 Foxworthy Ave. #50-140
San Jose, CA 95118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 913-5707
Sheryl Flynn
OSD 09-H01      Awarded: 5/11/2009
Title:Cognitive/Motor Therapy Application Using Console-Based Videogame Platform
Abstract:Approximately 6.5 million Americans and 30% of returning veterans live with traumatic brain injury (TBI) associated disabilities. The cost of caring for and rehabilitating these wounded veterans has been estimated at $536 billion. Additionally, neuroscientists and rehabilitation experts suggest that recovery from brain injury involves a highly intense practice schedule, that is often more costly than one can afford. Thus scientists and entrepreneurs are compelled to find lower cost interventions that can adjunct rehabilitation efforts, thereby increasing practice time. A staggering, yet important statistic indicates that 65% of all households play computer/video games, indicating a high level of enjoyment. Perhaps these tools can be used to harness the motivation needed to compel users with TBI to perform many hours of tedious training; ultimately leading to increased life satisfaction and return to work/duty. In this application, we will describe the initial development of a low cost Serious Game application, built using the XNA framework. This device will ultimately address cognitive, motor and sensory impairments associated with TBI. The goal of this proposal is to complete Phase I development of a cost effective intervention that induces the brain plasticity necessary for return to duty and/or a fulfilling civilian life.

Kinetic Muscles, Inc.
2103 E. Cedar Street, #3
Tempe, AZ 85281
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 557-0448
Ben Shepard
OSD 09-H01      Awarded: 6/9/2009
Title:Cognitive/Motor Therapy Application Using Console-Based Videogame Platform
Abstract:Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading source of morbidity in U.S. soldiers in Iraq. Each year 1.5 million Americans sustain a TBI and there are 5.3 million people with a permanent TBI-related disability in the U.S. Videogames have been shown to increase TBI patient cognitive ability, memory and recall.. The purpose of this proposal is to meld clinical strategies used in treating TBI patients with intrinsically motivating video games. A computerized intervention that incorporates both state-of-the-art gaming technology and state-of-the-art cognitive and motor rehabilitation strategies has the potential to be efficacious, cost-effective, and highly-motivating for a generation of patients who are habitual users of computerized games as a source of entertainment. This Phase I study will develop one game to demonstrate the process of incorporating clinical and entertainment requirements into a video game. The work plan will involve intense iterative interaction between TBI treatment clinicians and professional game designers. This collaboration will utilize the latest software development tools to define detail game design requirements and will use a storyboard process to generate a game scenario. Extensive testing will verify the functionality of the program and a clinical validation plan will be designed.

MYMIC LLC
200 High Street Suite 308
Portsmouth, VA 23704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 391-9200
Thomas Mastaglio
OSD 09-H01      Awarded: 6/3/2009
Title:Cognitive/Motor Therapy Application Using Console-Based Videogame Platform
Abstract:MYMIC LLC proposes the development of BIRDS, a game-based clinical tool for the rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury related deficits in cognitive and motor skills. With the increasing number of returning service members with TBI, such a system promises to augment existing rehabilitation programs by proving measurable performance data for patients. BIRDS will leverage the widespread popularity of Xbox360 to deliver a solution that is cost-effective, dispersible, and effective.

SimQuest, LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Howard Champion
OSD 09-H01      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:Cognitive/Motor Therapy Application Using Console-Based Videogame Platform
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most pervasive problems among servicemembers returning from current conflicts. Although a continuum of care is in place, many veterans do not get the rehabilitative services they require, often because local communities may lack the necessary resources/expertise. The proposed TBI rehabilitation game is based on the success of telerehabilitation in remote treatment, the applicability of video games for rehabilitation, and the applicability/recent affordability of haptics technology. TBI severity level (mild, moderate, or severe), area of function (cognitive, motor, sensory, behavioral), and segment of the continuum of care of most pressing need will be determined, and then a prototype game will be planned that addresses this need using a sophisticated haptics device connectable to a videogame console or PC. The goal of the game will be to accomplish TBI rehabilitation goals in an intuitive, entertaining fashion and extend the reach of rehabilitation services to underserved servicemembers. It will differ from other efforts in that it will use haptics technology, include performance metrics, and be usable on videogame console and PC. This project could be expanded for use with civilian TBI patients, who number in the millions in the United States alone.

Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
Hammonds South, Unit Q 611 North Hammonds Ferry Road
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 235-9238
John Sewell
OSD 09-H02      Awarded: 6/1/2009
Title:Non Invasive Assessment of Intracranial Pressure and Cerebrovascular Status after Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:Given the critical need for early detection of TBI and the potentially associated increase in ICP a requirement exists for a system capable of detecting elevated ICP and TBI, especially cerebrovascular status. The requirement is for a combination small, portable, robust fieldable system, and this response to that requirement is a combination of non- invasive acoustic techniques for determining elevated ICP as well as cerebrovascular status. One system, the Brain Acoustic Monitor, is based on an active stimulation of skull resonance features along with a passive monitoring of arterial response to determine elevated ICP and cerebrovascular anomalies. The other, cochlear microphonic potential (CM), determines the degree of ICP increase. Both approaches have been evaluated against calibrated ICP monitors in one case human subject and the other animal studies. Phase I will combine the systems to detect both elevated ICP as well as set forth a method to approximate a real value. This in anticipation of Phase II where the system will be evaluated against invasive ICP monitors, TCD, and CTA, prior to a final system integration.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Anna Galea
OSD 09-H02      Awarded: 5/29/2009
Title:Non Invasive Assessment of Intracranial Pressure and Cerebrovascular Status after Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:Intracranial pressure, ICP, is arguably the single most important parameter used clinically to manage brain injury and long-term brain damage. Existing methods to record ICP are either invasive or require large equipment incompatible with a field deployable system. Our work combines two highly promising methods for monitoring ICP into a compact unit capable of continuous monitor. Using this bimodal approach will result in a single device that will lead to the definitive non-invasive device for monitoring ICP in far-field use. Our device incorporates retinal venous doppler ultrasonography (RVD) and pressure pulsatility analysis (PPA) into a single, compact unit safe for continuous automated use. We present innovations in PPA that enable continuous monitoring with more accurate readings from the RVD. Our device will enable monitoring of ICP on all patients with suspected brain injury, which will benefit the military as well as civilian health providers, from EMTs and paramedics to nurses and doctors in central hospitals.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Ted Lynch
OSD 09-H02      Awarded: 5/19/2009
Title:Portable Ultrasound for Battlefield Diagnosis of Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR Luna will team with UCSD to investigate whether the enhanced capabilities of Luna’s EN-TACT™ will result in improved correlation between an ultrasound-derived pressure factor (such as the normalized HDR or HDC) and catheter- based measurements of intracranial ICP. As part of this overall objective, we propose a series of modifications to EN-TACT™, leading to a two-phase head-tilt study on a volunteer subjects conducted at the UCSD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Successful completion of the project will provide initial data needed for eventual clinical acceptable of EN-TACT™ as a diagnostic tool for traumatic brain injuries.

Spencer Technologies, Inc.
701 16th Avenue
Seattle, WA 98122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 329-7220
Mark Moehring
OSD 09-H02      Awarded: 6/8/2009
Title:Non Invasive Assessment of Intracranial Pressure and Cerebrovascular Status after Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:We will construct a non-invasive, portable, diagnostic ultrasound unit that will enable clinicians to determine which soldiers suffering from traumatic brain injury have increased intracranial pressure (ICP), or adverse cerebral hemodynamics indicating conditions such as vasospasm. This device will help diagnose and monitor those soldiers in need of clinical management. The expertise and intellectual property of Spencer Technologies will be applied to this development work based on: a commercial device we have been selling for seven years, further uncommercialized innovation accomplished in that same time frame, and technology licensed to Spencer Technologies for noninvasive assessment of intracranial pressure. This latter element, the technique of Ragauskas for measurement of ICP, has been explored clinically in early prototypes, and proof of concept has been established[1]. Our proposal is to demonstrate feasibility for this device, with intended battlefield use. The impacts of this technology will be: ICP assessment will become a clinical screening tool and a broader population of patients will benefit than does with the current invasive method in which the skull must be penetrated with a pressure sensing probe. [1] 11 Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum, Supplement 95: Intracranial Pressure and Brain Monitoring XII. ISBN 3-211-24338-4, ISSN 0085-1419. Vienna, 2005, p. 357-361.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
OSD 09-H03      Awarded: 5/22/2009
Title:Virtual Interactive Parent (VIP) System
Abstract:Military deployment practices necessarily separate families, and therefore inflict significant psychological stress, particularly in young children. Readily available contact with the deployed parent could reduce stress on the child. That reduction could in turn improve the service member’s resiliency by reducing family stress. Artificial intelligence and game technologies can be applied to support virtual interactions when the parent is not available, but several key challenges must be overcome to attain a workable solution. For the child, the system must be comforting, easy to use, and engaging, while avoiding any possible psychological harm. For the parent, it must provide guidance for rapidly and intuitively generating personalized content, while engendering trust in its content and security. To address these challenges, we propose to design a Virtual Interactive Parent (VIP) System for providing on-demand synthetic parent interactions to comfort left-behind family members—particularly young children—during stressful periods. VIP focuses on three components: 1) an Interaction Template Library of familiar, comforting interaction “scenes” that parents fill with personalized content; 2) a VIP Application for the child to communicate and play within these “scenes”; and 3) Secure Content Management Tools supporting parents as they personalize content and enjoy the child’s interaction with that content.

Mammoth Sound and Vision
PO Box 4170
Burbank, CA 91504
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 463-5435
George Johnsen
OSD 09-H03      Awarded: 5/27/2009
Title:Virtual Dialogue Application for Families of Deployed Service Members
Abstract:The goal of the Phase I proof of concept will be to develop the plan for web based system which will allow young children of military service members to communicate with a 3D, interactive, digital simulation of their deployed parent at home on their own PC. Given that about forty percent of U.S. service members are parents, a large number of military children and families stand to benefit from targeted psychological preventive services, such as the one proposed here. This application describes this highly complex technical challenge and the psychological theories to support development of this system. The end result would be a user-friendly system to serve as a “simulated attachment intervention” whereby normal childhood development would be enhanced through an “on demand” communication system with the deployed parent. Further, as will be discussed below, commercialization of the integration of said technological development and psychological theory could be further developed as a “virtual counselor” to provide day to day support for those in the military or civilian life with physical and/or psychological difficulties. The commercial application of this technology would also extend to other areas including education, entertainment, gaming, and industry.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariners Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 977-7856
Alex Davis
OSD 09-H03      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Absent Family Assisted Reading
Abstract:We propose to construct a computer program to help young children cope with home life while a parent is absent. This program is meant to help fill the time and parental voids that happen immediately upon deployment all the way up to homecoming. The application we propose, Assisted Reading with Absent Family (AFAR), is a personal interactive dialogue application centered on the activity of story time, emulating a parent reading a story to a child.

Advanced Anti-Terror Technologies Corp. (A2T2)
896 W Minneola Ave Suite 57
Clermont , FL 34711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 922-0433
Martin Lahart
OSD 09-H04      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Development of Virtual Reality Tools for Assessment of Return-to-Duty Status following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI)
Abstract:The aims and opportunities of our adding on VR-Assessment-Modules (VRAM) to existing small arms training systems are focused on providing an easy-to-understand, ease-to- use rehabilitation interface customized for medical staff uses for assessments of return- to-duty status. This VRAM effort opportunistically integrates and exploits A2-T2/ODU ongoing rehabilitation, simulation&training, and next-generation multi-modal interface efforts funded by OSD, US Army, DARPA, and our own IR&D efforts with VA Hospitals and other TBI groups. VRAM enables our research team to evolve our current limited assessment features that are narrowly focused to a much wider context and user base. For example our current audio/visual assessments built-in to our Internet-Based Rehab product are narrowly focused on rehabilitation for mild to moderate TBI recovering warfighters to regain their “listening-skills”. We envision near-term evolution to much wider wholistic return-to-duty status assessments by modularly adding on to existing operational training systems used for military certifications and combining medically useful exercise instrumented-equipment already in use. We selected adding on VRAM first to small arms trainers based upon: warfighters’ current critical needs, availability, and our teams’ system architecture and software/hardware extensive expertise with the Engagement Skills Training (EST), FATS-Small-Arms-Training(SAT), and HLA/DIS tools for interfacing to multiple types and levels of simulations.

Jardon & Howard Technologies Incorporated
13501 Ingenuity Drive Suite 300
Orlando, FL 32826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 301-5018
Albert A. Rizzo
OSD 09-H04      Awarded: 6/12/2009
Title:Development of Virtual Reality Tools for Assessment of Return-to-Duty Status following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI)
Abstract:Existing Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) clinical assessment techniques typically fail to assess the ability to execute functional tasks incorporating whole-body movements. Therefore, there is a significant need for a low-cost Virtual Reality (VR) based assessment tool incorporating military relevant cognitive and whole body movement testing parameters to accurately assess a service member’s ability to return to duty in the presence of a mTBI. To that end, JHT, Inc. has initiated the development of a VR game- based patient assessment system. In the Phase I Program proposed here JHT’s will demonstrate the feasibility, defined as low-cost, portable and rapid implementation, of the proposed system and processes. The goal of this Phase I research is to development a functionally relevant whole body movement VR tool which will evaluate physical and cognitive tasks in a high fidelity environment. The proposed effort incorporates real- world, military relevant activities combining physical and cognitive demands in a game based environment. A number of performance metrics presented as cognitive and physically demanding tasks will be evaluated in a virtual environment to ascertain the optimal sequencing, formatting and presentation needed to effectively assess the level of mTBI in a patient.

Advanced Anti-Terror Technologies Corp. (A2T2)
896 W Minneola Ave Suite 57
Clermont , FL 34711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 922-0433
Martin Lahart
OSD 09-H05      Awarded: 6/11/2009
Title:Utilization of Affective Computing for Cognitive and Physical Rehabilitation of Victims of Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:Our Affective Computing Environment-Module(ACE-M) enables new types and levels of effective cognitive and physical rehabilitation of victims of Traumatic Brain Injury. Our Add-On Modular designs provide the enhancement basis for adding ACE-M to existing and emerging technologies (existing and new rehabilitation-systems, COTS games, serious-games, simulations, virtual reality, etc). Further, our prior successful R&D and evolution of intuitive modular interfaces makes possible an integrated framework for affective computing components such as FACS based Face-Reader 2.0, cognitive task performance, and physiological monitoring components for Artificial-Intelligence controlled Human-centric intelligent tutoring. Specifically, ACE-M near-term developments are low- risk based upon opportunistic evolution of our current Internet Based-Rehabilitation(IB- Rehab.com) efforts for OSD to aid TBI recovering warfighters regain “listening-skills”; Next-Generation Interface Module(NexGEN) efforts for DARPA to aid TBI and Poly-Trauma recovering warfighters mitigate/eliminate phantom limb pain, enable advanced prosthesis- training, and advanced behavior composer enhancements for the OneSAF simulation system; along with adding Game-Interfaces to other existing simulations efforts for the US Army. At least two existing or new cognitive/physical rehabilitation applications will be augmented with our Affective Computing Environment-Module including extending our IB- Rehab products, and new Wii game-based modalities. ACE-M FDA processes and approvals are envisioned as follow-on efforts to our similar IB-Rehab and NexGEN FDA efforts.

Hstar Technologies
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
OSD 09-H05      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:A Smart Affective Virtual Environment Rehbilitation System for Traumatic Brian Injuries
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of impairments of cognitive ability and subsequent motor-behavioral difficulties. Successful brain damage rehabilitation requires an accurate and effective training and assessment, and must provide a tool for both cognitive and physical rehabilitation procedures. Hstar proposes a Smart Affective Virtual Environment Rehabilitation (SAVER) system for TBI patients. The SAVER system will 1) support intervention and adaptation through user interface devices and monitoring systems, 2) provide sets of clinical training scenarios designed to stimulate neurological and functional recovery after brain injury, 3) create training scenarios that allow for rapid prototyping, thus encouraging therapists to experiment with the proposed technology and to assess benefits to patients, 4) simulate ‘one-to-one training scenarios’ within a highly interactive and engaging environment to meet each patient’s specific needs, and 5) support methods for quantifying and assessing performance and progress of rehabilitation. No rehabilitation system currently exists that would meet all of these needs. Our primary innovation in SAVER system is affective computing module based progressive cognitive and physical rehabilitation training for TBI patients using advanced user interfaces. The SAVER system will allow TBI patients regain cognitive and fundamental motor skills through advanced VE based training scenarios.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5260
Jacqueline Haynes
OSD 09-H05      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:PATRICIA: A Personal Affective Therapist for Rehabilitation of Individuals with Cognitive ImpAirments
Abstract:The key innovation in this effort is the development of an interface and a framework for a Personal Affective Therapist for Rehabilitation of Individuals with Cognitive ImpAirments (PATRICIA). Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a portable (smart phone- based) device that utilizes basic sensing (accelerometers, heart rate, etc) to provide audio/visual feedback via a virtual therapist. While portable, the device will be designed so that it can be "docked" with a rehabilitation tool (e.g. IAIfs MACARM or the MOTEK CAREN) to provide feedback during a physical and cognitive therapy session. While it is docked, any additional sensing that is available via the rehabilitation tool can be utilized by the virtual therapist for feedback. Furthermore, the therapist can be presented on the screen of the rehabilitation tool (rather than the portable device) during the session. Progress will be monitored and recorded in a SCORM-conformant learning management system and used to adjust the rehabilitation paradigm and feedback from PATRICIA. The advantage of this approach is that the virtual therapist and affective computing interface are not only portable, allowing patients to use PATRICIA during everyday tasks, not just during therapy sessions.

Ontar Corporation
9 Village Way
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-9622
John Schroeder
OSD 09-H05      Awarded: 6/11/2009
Title:Utilization of Affective Computing for Cognitive and Physical Rehabilitation of Victims of Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:Rehabilitation of Traumatic Brain Injury is difficult for many reasons. The symptoms are pervasive, the brain is a complex organ to rehabilitate, the manifestations of symptoms are hard for the unaffected to understand and exceedingly frustrating to the patient. The increasing numbers of military personnel suffering from TBI make it problematical to treat due to the range of locations that soldiers are in such as deployed, in a field hospital, in an overseas treatment hospital, in a stateside treatment hospital, in a rehabilitation setting or at home. Our objective is to create a highly interactive suite of console-based game applications which include affective data to accelerate or decelerate game level (i.e. cognitive/behavioral, sensory and motor skill challenge) according to emotional state as communicated by affective state. The game suite would include three different games for three levels of Traumatic Brain Injury: Mild, Moderate, Severe. The concept idea described in this proposal is a game intended for use with patients with Mild Traumatic Brain injury on the Nintendo Wii system. We are however, willing to work with any system that is most appropriate as determined by the TPOC. We have chosen the Wii system for our proposal concept for two reasons. 1. It enables the inclusion of a level of physical movement and interaction not currently available on any other system. We have been advised by our brain injury subject matter experts that this system is ideal based on the needs of this specific rehabilitation population; a combination of cognitive/behavioral, sensory and motor skill challenges. 2. It is low cost and/or already in existence in rehabilitation facilities as well as in soldiers homes.

---------- SOCOM ----------

14 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Mide Technology Corporation
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
David Gilbert
SOCOM 09-001      Awarded: 7/9/2009
Title:Thermally Insulative Diving Suit
Abstract:USSOCOM Special Operations Divers operate in harsh environments, often exposed to extreme cold temperaturess for extended periods of time. An advanced thermal protection system is required that provides enhanced thermal protection at cold temperatures as well as reduced thermal performance at elevated temperatures to prevent overheating. Mide proposes to combine nanomaterials with hydrogels to adjust the thermal insulation of a diving suit. The hydrogels are engineered to adapt to changing temperatures, absorbing more water at colder temperatures, thus increasing the overall thickness of the insulation and expelling water at warmer temperatures to reduce the overall garment insulation. BENEFITS: The following technology will have a wide range of applications in thermal protection garments. In particular, recreational divers will benefit from the adaptive insulation which will ease the transition from cold water to warmer surface temperatures. Aside from diving suits, this technology can be used to increase the insulation value of tents and shelters.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
J. H. Lalli
SOCOM 09-001      Awarded: 6/30/2009
Title:(Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) SHIVER-Suit for SOF Divers
Abstract:NanoSonic would develop ultra-lightweight (0.98 g/cc), breathable, nanostructured, yet large area Metal Rubber™ Skins and Textiles with active thermal control. The proposed SHIVER-Suits (Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) for U.S. Special Operation Forces are expected to extend both the comfort and time of the Divers’ missions. Shape Memory-Metal Rubber™ garments based on shape memory polymers (SMP) and Ag nanoparticles resulting in antimicrobial garments capable of insulating and cooling on demand. SHIVER-suit textiles are not a filled composite, rather a free standing “unfilled” nanocomposite formed in-situ by the conformal and covalent self-assembly of nanostructured particles and high performance copolymers onto high performance textile substrates. Unlike air and water impermeable crosslinked butyl rubber, Shape Memory- Metal Rubber™ would breathe at elevated temperatures, allowing perspiration to permeate on land. SHIVER-suit’s nanopores close in response to winter maritime conditions, proving extended insulation. The garment’s low-end glass transition temperature is < -65ºC (flexible in ice water), is impermeable to harsh solvents, can be repeatedly stretched > 1000% strain, and laundered without delamination or loss of performance. The TRL of durable, comfortable SHIVER-suits shall be increased to TRL 6 during Phase I, and TRL 9 during Phase III when demonstrated by our U.S. SOF divers. BENEFITS: NanoSonic shall develop and qualify lightweight and breathable, SHIVER-Suits (Shape Memory Integrated Vital Energy Resource) for U.S. Special Operation Forces to increase the comfort and extend the time of the Divers’ missions in harsh subambient conditions. The comfortable garments would allow for comfort on land or undersea via active thermally controlled nanopores. NanoSonic’s novel, high performance SMP Metal Rubber™ with chemically tailored nanochannels with active breathability would also serve military and civilian responders to chemical warfare areas. The garments will be scaled up and delivered to SOCOM and our defense prime partners for durability and thermal performance verification to increase the technology readiness level (TRL) from TRL 4 to 6 during Phase I. Down-selected garments will be transitioned to a continuous roll-to-roll film fabrication process to increase the TRL to 8 during Phase II and transitioned to the field during Phase III at TRL 9.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 261-1142
Jeannine Elliott
SOCOM 09-001      Awarded: 7/9/2009
Title:Novel Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection of Special Operations Divers
Abstract:Environmental protection is a critical need for special operations forces which dive in cold water during their missions. Thermally protective diving suit must be able to provide significant thermal barriers as well as withstand high compressive loads when underwater. Current diver wet suits and dry suits are limited by their materials of construction in the degree of thermal protection they can provide. New solutions are desired to provide enhanced diver comfort, mission effectiveness, and expanded ability to operate in extremely cold environments. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) has proposed a novel nanomaterial composite which can provide exceptional thermal and structural support for superior environmental control. BENEFITS: This technology has potential benefits to both military and civilians applications. In addition to military diving missions, recreational divers can use the product developed by this SBIR. Further, the insulating materials may have applications in other cold weather protective clothing and equipment beyond diving garments.

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 663-9500
Kurt D. Annen
SOCOM 09-002      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Low Visibility Decoy Flare
Abstract:Low visibility flares offer significant advantages for nighttime protection of rotary wing vehicles. Aerodyne Research Inc (ARI) and its teaming partner ATK propose flares having nearly same intensity in IR bands of interest while having greatly reduced visibility. The Phase I program will build on previous work performed by ARI on low visibility flares to identify candidate flare compositions having good performance. Visible and infrared radiation models will evaluate candidate decoy formulations. The best compositions will be prepared at ATK facilities and tested. Spectral measurements will quantify emission in the radiometric bands of interest. A business plan for commercialization of the technology will be developed. BENEFITS: The new technology decoy formulation will provide greatly improved protection of SOF rotary wing aircraft in nighttime conditions. It is expected to be readily adaptable to DoD applications such as "low and slow" cargo aircraft, and it could well serve as a "search and rescue" tool for downed pilots to covertly signal their location for pickup or as an "IFF tool" for ground vehicles in hostile territory. As a dual-use technology it offers significant potential for the protection of civilian aircraft in nighttime conditions.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
SOCOM 09-002      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Flare with Optically Invisible Light Signature (Foils)
Abstract:The proposed program will theoretically and experimentally assess and identify innovative technologies, and advanced materials that emit an effective infra-red (IR) countermeasure in the desired IR spectrum range while minimizing detectable signatures in the visible light spectrum. During the research effort, the project team will develop the initial technical design and supporting documentation for a low visibility decoy flare to be deployed from standard rotary wing aircraft flare dispensers. The proposed technology is an innovative extension of proven combustion and propellant technology. BENEFITS: The technology resulting from this proposed research effort will enhance survivability of military aircraft and cruise that are exposed to attacks from munitions employing IR guidance systems. The resulting, new technology flare will reduce the visible signature that highlights a targeted aircraft’s position and increases its vulnerability to additional threats and attacks.

General Sciences, Incorporated
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter D. Zavitsanos
SOCOM 09-002      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Low Visibility Decoy Flare
Abstract:Low visibility rotary aircraft decoys are needed to protect vehicles against heat seeking missile attacks without illuminating the target which exposes the aircraft to small arms fire and potentially compromising the mission. The novel approach to this challenge is to produce a decoy which emits only in the bands of interest utilizing techniques such as containment and composition selection to optimize performance from the limited volume of existing dispensers. Reactive materials will be used to generate heat which will produce a hot cloud of molten metal and hot CO2 gas neither of which will produce a visible signature, but will produce the IR signal desired. This effort can be leveraged to create a non visible signaling flare useful for covert target marking and covert rescue efforts. BENEFITS: Commercial aircraft decoy protection can benefit from this technology. The development of a low temperature/ low visibility decoy will allow the devices to be deployed without the risk of fires while still providing safety for the aircraft, particularly during take off and landings.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dan Gutchess
SOCOM 09-003      Awarded: 5/12/2009
Title:Registration of EO and LIDAR using an Interoperability Architecture for Net-Centric Environments (RELIANCE)
Abstract:The “see first, understand first, act first, finish decisively” principle requires that military commanders and analysts be provided a complete, up-to-the-second view of the battlefield. Currently deployed full motion video (FMV) sensors provide crucial real-time situational awareness, but suffer from limited field of view and lack of geographical context. Augmenting current FMV displays with 3D light detecting and ranging (LIDAR) data, geographic information, and real-time intelligence would provide the user with a better understanding of video content in the context of the battlefield. Precise geo- registration is required to enable this type of display; however, existing solutions are limited to specific equipment configurations and have long processing timelines. To address these shortcomings, we propose a system for Registration of EO and LIDAR using an Interoperability Architecture for Net-Centric Environments (RELIANCE). RELIANCE features an interoperability layer to allow integration of various commercial and government off-the-shelf (COTS/GOTS) sensors and visualization software. Geo- registration is performed using a hybrid 2D/3D bundle adjustment technique to refine initial estimates from direct geo-referencing. To handle all types of environments and terrain, bundle adjustment uses two types of tie points selected from video frames: one from 2D- to-2D matching using reference imagery, and one from 3D-to-3D matching using LIDAR data. BENEFITS: This system could be used across all ISR platforms within DoD and law enforcement agencies where accurate geo-location and FMV sensors are used to track or observe targets. In addition to offering great benefit to force protection and perimeter surveillance applications, it could also be used for mapping applications, commercial robotic vision systems, agriculture and environmental studies, and to augment civilian surveying equipment.

Mosaic ATM, Inc.
801 Sycolin Road Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 405-8576
Stephen Pledgie
SOCOM 09-003      Awarded: 5/12/2009
Title:Geo And Ortho Rectified Video With Fused 3d Mapping, Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), And Live Video Overlays
Abstract:The Mosaic ATM team proposes an innovative real-time exploitation framework for video and Lidar processing whose structure can be reconfigured at optempo to meet evolving requirements. We propose to leverage the tremendous commercial investment in products, such as Google Earth, for 3D coincident display of Lidar and video streams processed using mature technology components whose integration will be made possible with the Advanced Lidar and Video Exploitation (ALiVE) framework being proposed by the Mosaic team. Our vision for a modular, open framework is a refreshing and long overdue departure from the closed solutions in use today. In Phase I, we provide the gov’t with a prototype system based on COTS and FOSS components for near real-time georegistration and display of video and Lidar. The Mosaic team will also establish an open, modular framework that can be scaled and extended to new sensors, processing, and users. Mosaic ATM has teamed with EarthNC and BAE to create a highly qualified team capable of rapid innovation and expedient technology transition to the warfighter. BENEFITS: Development of Mosaic ATM''s Advanced Lidar and Video Exploitation (ALiVE) framework will provide new capabilities in sensor registration as well as multi-sensor dynamic modeling of environments whose physical structure is plagued with uncertainty and subject to change on time scales of operational relevance. ALiVE’s use of government controlled and open standards for communication and data management will provide the Department of Defense with a Video/Lidar processing solution that exhibits both tremendous longevity and the plug-n-play configurability that technology providers have thus far failed to deliver. Semi and fully autonomous platforms equipped with Video and Lidar sensors will benefit from a new found capability to accurately assess terrain structure online and immediately adjust computer vision algorithms tasked with interpreting the environment using passive imagers.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Michael J. Sheffler
SOCOM 09-003      Awarded: 5/12/2009
Title:Geo And Ortho Rectified Video With Fused 3d Mapping, Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), And Live Video Overlays
Abstract:While full motion video (FMV) data contains a wealth of information, its potential for providing actionable intelligence cannot be realized unless the data is provided within its geographic context and is correlated with available intelligence from human assets. To provide the necessary contextual, registration to/fusion with GIS data is a natural choice. This requires both geo- and ortho-rectification of the video frames based on measurements of the sensor position and orientation, knowledge of the natural and man- made terrain from 3D map and LIDAR data, and video data-driven processing. Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop an automated sensor calibration and pixel geo-registration system using a suite of innovative algorithms which are applicable for various video sensors. The algorithms do not require a priori estimates of the intrinsic or extrinsic sensor parameters or of the terrain. Nevertheless, any available information (for example, initial calibration estimates, GPS and/or inertial measurements, DTED, LIDAR range maps, or geo-registered orthoimages) can be used by the algorithms with the benefit of improved estimation accuracy and/or improved computational efficiency. The processing is performed using an innovative, computationally-efficient particle filtering algorithm that Toyon has developed for this purpose. When completed, the software will provide, among other benefits, FMV windows with optional intelligence overlays displayed in a viewpoint congruent manner. BENEFITS: The successful completion of this research and development will result in a net centric, open architecture, operating system independent software solution providing near real-time geo- and ortho-rectification of live full motion video, with fusion and viewpoint-congruent display of LIDAR and 3D mapping data with intelligence overlays. This will allow surveillance and tactical asset operators and commanders, as well as geographically distributed analysts, to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of sensor data exploitation. For example, this technology would be useful for surveillance over challenging terrain along portions of the US Southern and Northern borders, as well as in law enforcement, disaster monitoring and response management, transportation studies, surveying, and environmental monitoring. The technology could even be used to provide improved realism in personnel training and computer gaming.

NuWaves Ltd.
Research and Technology Center 122 Edison Drive
Middletown, OH 45044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 360-0800
Tim Wurth
SOCOM 09-004      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Man Portable Hand Held Wireless Network Survey Interrogation Tool (WiNSIT)
Abstract:The ability to Find, Fix, and Finish enemy combatants is highly desirable to winning wars. The capability to positively identify High Value Targets / High Value Individuals is one method to insure success in any conflict, specifically counterinsurgency. Surgical precision in tracking known terrorists, and the ability to remove them from the battlefield allows for fast and decisive change within any conflict. To perform this complex mission, operators need to quickly identify the type of network to exploit. NuWaves’ innovative solutions will be applied to designing and developing a state-of-the–art multi- communications network exploitation tool that will allow U.S. Forces to quickly and accurately perform network surveys on all major communications infrastructures. This new system will combine a myriad of existing network survey tools into one condensed form factor. The system will also have the capability to save network survey information locally to be exported to common mapping formats. During the phase I effort, NuWaves will perform cost/benefit trade-off study of commercial wireless networking chipsets taking into account size, weight, power, and cost factors. Detailed circuit modeling, simulation, hardware prototyping, and performance characterization will be accomplished to validate the concept. BENEFITS: The enhanced survey tool will enable operators to quickly determine available communications architectures with precision. It will not only immediately benefit units combating the war on terror, but will also benefit other U.S. Government agencies that are in need of locating available telecommunication nodes. NuWaves’ innovative survey techniques have significant commercialization potential not only in Department of Defense operational and tactical missions but can be exploited throughout the entire Intelligence community including: CIA, FBI, and NSA.

Tampa Microwave
12160 Race Track Rd
Tampa, FL 33626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(813) 855-2251
Ron Evans
SOCOM 09-004      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Man Portable Hand Held Survey Device
Abstract:Advanced signal processing techniques based on existing Tampa Microwave signal intelligence receiver hardware, University of South Florida cellular recognition software and Athena Group FPGA products will be utilized to demonstrate a wide bandwidth, fast scan manportable cellular scanning device. BENEFITS: Power consumption, size, stare bandwidth and scan speed for hand held communications intercept devices will be improved by the commericalization of this device. Utilization of this same hardware/software as the front end for a compact, manportable, wide bandwidth communications transmisstion Direction Finding receiver will also be feasible.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 861-2039
Frank Berkman
SOCOM 09-005      Awarded: 6/8/2009
Title:Compact, Efficient Motor Controllers with Active Noise Cancellation
Abstract:Most commercial motor controllers (MC’s) operate at relatively low switching frequency that produces a detectable acoustic signature and therefore drives the Navy to procure MC’s operating at higher frequencies in order to reduce acoustic signature. These custom MC’s, however, still generate significant noise, are not sufficiently reliable, and have obsolete components. APS will develop an innovative active noise and vibration cancellation (ANVC) system to reduce the acoustic and vibration signatures of today’s commercial MC’s to levels that will not contribute to the host vehicle’s acoustic vulnerability. The APS ANVC system will mitigate noise and vibration generated by multiple internal sources and transmitted to the hull by either structure-borne or air-borne paths. The system will be comprised entirely of COTS components thereby minimizing cost and facilitating technology refresh. Key products of Phase 1 include: • Measurements on a representative COTS MC to provide engineering data essential to ANVC system design • A preliminary design for the proof-of-principle system to be developed and demonstrated in Phase 2 that will obtain at least 90% (i.e., 10 dB) reduction in broadband noise power The Phase 2 proof-of-principle system will provide the basis for DT&E of an operational prototype in Phase 3. BENEFITS: According to the recent “USSOCOM Technology Needs Briefing for Center of Excellence for Research in Ocean Sciences” prepared by PEO-Naval Systems, Advanced Maritime Systems, “SOF combatant submersibles (CS) require lower cost HM&E technology for dry manned submersibles.” The proposed technology directly addresses this need. However, the application and benefits will extend far beyond noise mitigation for motor controllers for dry manned submersibles. Not only will the MC-ANVC technologies developed under this effort be widely applicable to noise mitigation of small to moderate size motor controllers in any noise-critical Naval platform, the technology will be generally applicable to any machinery or equipment that generates noise and vibration. Thus there is wide industrial as well as military application and benefit from this technology.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1839 W. 205th St., Suite B
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Keehoon Kim
SOCOM 09-005      Awarded: 6/8/2009
Title:Universal Active Noise Patch Cancellation
Abstract:To address the SOCOM need for an active noise cancellation system for thrust motor controllers, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Universal Active Noise Patch Cancellation (UANPAC) system based on a multifold active reduction patch (MARP) as a smart-skin-type acoustic actuator and an adaptive time-varying controller (ATVC) as a real-time adaptive ANC controller. The UANPAC system provides an open, universal control architecture enabling easy add-on to any type of motor controller without modification. The ATVC will be based on POC’s proprietary ANC algorithms, whereas MARP will be newly developed for the UANPAC application as a flat, skin-like, stick-on actuator or a flat (or curved) plate with attached MARPs. Responding to motor controller noise, the ATVC will suppress broadband noise with the MARP actuator, reproducing antinoise through the housing surface of a motor controller. In Phase I, POC will develop and demonstrate a Phase I UANPAC prototype and a business plan for its commercialization. In Phase II, we plan to develop a functional UANPAC prototype and conduct testing in a laboratory environment to validate the accuracy, efficiency, and reliability of the prototype system while operating in a simulated environment at varying loads. BENEFITS: As an effective means of controlling structural/acoustic noise, the UANPAC system will have myriad civilian applications, including vibration suppression, noise minimization, and vibration cancellation in marine motors and engines, including quieting motors for use in auditoriums, theatres, and opera houses, or ambient noise cancellation in commercial or residential buildings.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Chris Cechak
SOCOM 09-005      Awarded: 6/8/2009
Title:Compact, Efficient Motor Controllers with Active Noise Cancellation
Abstract:SSC will use a novel rafting concept that reduces the area authority fo the Active Noise Cancellation solution. This approach is patented and demonstrated in the Smart Skins Demonstration (S2D) program. Mature algorithms provide a low risk path to a Phase I demonstration and a Phase II insertion BENEFITS: The rafting concept enables flexibiity in adapting any COTS controller to severe space constraints