---------- NAVY ----------

272 Phase I Selections from the 09.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Composite Ceramic Technologies, LLC
12501 Tech Ridge Blvd. #628
Austin, TX 78753
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 697-9336
Pierre de Rochemont
NAVY 09-001      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:DC Power Supply Technology for Air Cooled Systems
Abstract:Magnetic components are the greatest source of design problems and failure in switching power supplies. New component integration technologies and higher performance materials sets are needed to develop high efficiency, high power density, fast transient response DC-to-DC converters that support high peak power, and high average power loads for next-generation air-cooled active array radar systems. Performance limitations of state-of-the-art circuit modules are primarily rooted in discrete component assemblies and the use of sub-standard materials sets in the construction of magnetic and passive components, as well as the electrical interconnects. Composite Ceramic Technologies, LLC, Austin, TX, (the “Company”) will overcome these limitations using its proprietary deposition technology to achieve improved performance in laminated magnetic components and integrate “ideal” materials sets into a monolithic electronic circuit module. Fully integrated DC/DC converter modules constructed using these patented process methodologies will deliver optimal power efficiencies, power densities, and transient response. The unique broad-based solutions enabled by this program serve multiple interests in the Tri-Service community and have the potential to extend the field life and improve the battlefield readiness of new and legacy radar systems. This submission promises to deliver substantially higher value than competing proposals that simple address circuit board or control topologies.

US Hybrid
445 Maple Ave.
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 212-1200
Abas Goodarzi
NAVY 09-001      Awarded: 9/2/2009
Title:DC Power Supply Technology for Air Cooled Systems
Abstract:A dc-dc converter with integrated Magnetics and sensor and ZVS, ZCS circuit topology in one package to reduce the interconnects and the losses is proposed. The custom made three dimensional magnetic design will allow us to increase the switching frequency to >500kHz, while maintaining >92% efficiency at 12V output. The power devices and magnetic will be utilizing the high temperature common package with Direct Bond Copper, substrate for better heat transfer. The power converter will have integrated diagnostics and operation status reporting. The base plate will be integrated with the cooling fins to optimize the heat rejection. The proposed design is cost effective for low volume production and it is designed for dual use of DOD and heavy duty hybrid commercial vehicles and telecom. US Hybrid similar design dc-dc converts has passed the NEBS, telecommunications qualification, which includes the EMI/EMC, shock, vibration and drop test as well as thermal cycling. A high bandwidth control loop to provide fast transient with ramp compensated current regulated, phase shift ZVS converter with current doubler output inductors to minimize the stored energy on the unit input and out to enhance the transient response is considered.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Lawrence Domash
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 8/24/2009
Title:Dynamic Foveal Vision Display
Abstract:Leveraging on our extensive experience on laser projection technology, AGILTRON proposes to realize a new class of see-through type of Head Mounted Display (HMD) with wide field of view (WFOV) and dynamic foveal vision ability, targeted for integrating with enhanced vision systems for night and daytime dismounted infantry combat operations with a secondary function of providing command and control information and external imagery from weapon sights or other platforms. The proposed HMD is very lightweight, compact, easy to mount on any standard helmets, and is based on commercial components. Furthermore, our designs offer advantageous attributes of high speed, low cost, simple design, and withstand severe environmental conditions. The feasibilities of the proposed laser projection technology have been successfully demonstrated. In this Phase I program, the image processing algorithm will be optimized and a functional prototype of the proposed foveal vision HMD will be developed and demonstrated.

Dimension Technologies Inc
315 Mt. Read Blvd.
Rochester, NY 14611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 436-3530
Jesse Eichenlaub
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 7/30/2009
Title:Ultra High Resolution Dynamic Foveal Vision Display
Abstract:This Navy Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will be used to fabricate, measure, and test a novel optical design for use in a new type of ultra high-definition (UHD) head mounted virtual reality display (HMD) that can incorporate a UHD AOI feature without moving parts or extra displays. DTI has demonstrated a large screen (UHD) projection technology that uses a rapidly scanned microdisplay to produce images possessing much more resolution than the microdisplay itself. It accomplishes this by illuminating different sub regions of each pixel during each scan, producing an image made up of the sub regions instead of the pixels. During this project DTI will investigate and bench test a novel illumination and optical system will that can produce arrays of sub- pixel sized illumination spots on off the shelf microdisplays in a very compact space. This system will then be operated in conjunction with an eye tracker to demonstrate a movable high resolution foveal insert in a lower resolution field on an off the shelf microdisplay. DTI will also investigate adaptation of the system to an exiting head mounted system.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6325
Igor Ternovskiy
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 8/7/2009
Title:Dual Reflection Waveguide Ultra-wide View Display
Abstract:The Navy has long had a need for a wide field of view Head Mounted Display to provide situation awareness. Taking into account eye position, the image at the HMD should be presented with highest resolution at the center and much less but still acceptable resolution on peripheries. Intelligent Optical Systems proposes to develop a Dual Reflection Waveguide Ultra-wide view display that will provide situation awareness, allow 120 degree peripheral view, and provide a maximal resolution direct view without any moving mechanical parts. The novel optical system is based on dual use of waveguide surfaces for peripheral and direct view information. IOS has successfully completed a series of government projects related to the proposed technology. The diverse experience of the technical staff in the areas of stereovision displays, optical waveguides, image processing, and high performance video processing will contribute to the successful completion of this project. In Phase I, we will perform ray tracing for complete optical design and develop prototype software to correct for wide view image presentation in both see-through systems and non-see-through systems. In Phase II, we will fabricate a prototype system with wide view display and higher than human resolution limits in the foveation area.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Naumov
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 7/29/2009
Title:Augmented Reality Gaze-Under-control Super-resolution Head Mounted Display
Abstract:To address the USMC need for a dynamic foveal vision display, which increases situational awareness of dismounted Marines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Augmented Reality Gaze-Under-control Super-resolution Head-Mounted Display (ARGUS HMD). The ARGUS-HMD is based on optical-electronic- software implementation of foveal vision that creates an illusion of a panoramic high- resolution image on a see-through display from data stored in a PDA. This unique performance is achieved due to innovative system design and optimized image rasterization software integrated with eye-safe eye trackers. The image with a high resolution raster is rendered within the foveal area and with gradually lower resolution in the peripheral area. The rasterized image is projected onto a see-through ballistic-impact face shield that allows the Marine to see augmented high-resolution data such as detailed 3D maps, floor plans, or instruction text while looking through this image to a real ambient scene. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ARGUS-HMD system and identify potential advantages and limitations of the proposed approach. In Phase II POC plans to develop a fully operating prototype implemented on a real HMD, which will be ready for testing by Marines in a field environment.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
NAVY 09-003      Awarded: 8/19/2009
Title:Dynamic Foveal Vision Display
Abstract:Head Mounted Displays (HMDs) currently lag behind both sensors and information systems in their limited ability to provide the warfighter information. Current sensors at greater than mega-pixle levels are common, and display systems typically operate in excess of several megapixels. Microdisplays, on the other hand, are still limited to less than a megapixel in most cases. The ability to provide warfighters more digital information will move the efforts to integrate the dismounted marine or rifleman into the digital battle space forward. The drive to increase the warfighter’s situational awareness is a key factor in increasing that warfighter’s combat multiplier by enabling greater mobility, lethality, and survivability. Trex Enterprises has devised a novel approach to providing a high resolution, narrow field of view foveal region coupled with a lower resolution wide field of view peripheral display. The approach outlined has numerous advantages over conventional approaches, including zero moving parts and the ability to provide the full desired capability using commercially available microdisplays of nominal resolution (800x600 pixels). The use of existing microdisplays has numerous benefits, including reduced cost as well as reduced required bandwidth and power (versus larger, custom displays).

Advanced Materials and Processes
104 Inwood Drive
San Marcos, TX 78666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 557-7461
John Massingill
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I project is to produce a tough protective nanocomposite ceramic lining for machine gun barrels to reduce weapon system acquisition costs through service life extension, reduction in parts consumption & failure rates, reduction in weapon weight, reduced corrosion, and reduction in barrel heat load. We postulates that incorporation of a ceramic radiant barrier lining will send more heat out the nozzle with numerous benefits. Advanced Materials and Processes has identified candidate materials and processing techniques that will produce integral tough nanocomposite ceramic linings for outstanding barrel life. The process is applicable to machine gun barrels of any size. AMP will prepare two prototype ceramic gun barrel coatings and test for hardness, crack resistance, adhesion, thermal conductivity, and live firing. FN Manufacturing (FNMI) is collaborating on this project. FNMI will provide barrel tubes and technical support in Phase I. They will also provide 2000 round live fire testing/evaluation of two prototype coated gun barrels in Phase I and 10000 round live fire testing/evaluation of one prototype in Phase I Option. FNMI believes that the proposed ceramic liners are worth investigating because if successful they will enable a quick implementation and practical way to production.

Innovations Plus, LLC
3120 North 33rd Street Suite 1
Lincoln, NE 68504
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(402) 430-7678
Robert Walters
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:Innovations Plus, LLC is seeking to make the amount of ammunition on hand the firing rate limiter instead of the heat capacity of the barrel. The technical opportunity presented within this Phase I feasibility study is to increase the rate of fire for weapons by properly managing the heat developed in the barrels or gun tubes. Specifically, to increase the sustained rate of fire for light, medium and heavy machine guns through the use of our carbon fiber composite gun barrels.

Integran Technologies USA Inc.
2541 Appletree Dr
Pittsburgh, PA 15241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 675-3730
Virgil Provenzano
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:The proposed project seeks to take advantage of the success of an on-going Air Force Phase II SBIR and leverage the lesson’s learned with medium calibre barrel to apply the new technology to small caliber machine gun barrels. In the previous Phase I and on-going Phase II projects, the feasibility of producing a fully dense, non-micro-cracked Nanostructured cobalt–refractory metal alloy with co-deposited hard ceramic particles was demonstrated. The Nanostructured coating was found to have wear resistance equal to that of hard chrome coatings, but did not suffer from the same micro-cracked structure that chrome possesses, even after thermal cycling to 1832°F. Laser pulse testing simulating the heat input experienced in a 25mm medium caliber gun barrel (M242 with M919 propellant) showed no significant damage or microcracking as seen in hard chrome coatings. The absence of a micro-cracked structure in the Nanostructured coating is expected to result in increased performance over the current hard chrome coatings in the gun-barrel bore due to the lack of a pathway for the hot-erosion combustion gases to attack the base-metal, thus leading to a longer lifetime. Additional benefits of the Nanostructured coating relative to hard chrome include: faster deposition rates, lower power consumption during processing, and elimination of the health risks associated with hexavalent chromium (Cr6+). The specific objectives of the proposed program are to: (1) develop the tooling needed to apply the Nanostructured composite coating to the inner bores of small caliber (5.56mm/M249 or 7.62mm/M240) machine gun barrels (the current on-going Phase II SBIR is specifically investigating 20mm barrels), (2) perform actual field testing to demonstrate and validate the technology, and (3) define all critical technical parameters in a thorough process specification to allow the technology to proceed to facility demonstration/validation activities. Based on the results of these tests a full Implementation Assessment will be performed to determine whether performance and cost will make this a cost-effective solution for the various small caliber platforms used by the Navy.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Roger Storm
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:A Light Weight Titanium Alloy Machine Gun Barrel with a Ceramic Liner
Abstract:Current rapid fire guns used by the Marines overheat during sustained rapid firing. As a result they are subject to failure in combat situations placing the war fighter at risk. The use of a gun barrel with greater refractory capability than the current steel barrels would present a true solution to this problem. A ceramic lined gun barrel would have excellent resistance to failure from excessive heat and erosion. In addition ceramics are of much lighter weight than steel. Silicon nitride (Si3N4)-based ceramics have demonstrated the potential to be used as gun barrel liners. MER has been working to develop the capability to produce Si3N4 gun barrels with rifling that is produced as part of the fabrication process. In this Phase I program, MER will demonstrate the fabrication of a Si3N4 gun barrel liner with a design selected by the Marines. A Ti-6Al-4V barrel will then be built up around this ceramic liner to provide a light weight rapid fire barrel with capabilities greatly exceeding those of the current all steel designs. The buildup of the Ti-6Al-4V on a ceramic liner has already been demonstrated by MER using a rapid additive manufacturing process.

North American Training Lodge Inc
41 Industrial Drive Suite #5
Exeter, NH 03833
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 772-5088
David Buchanan
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposal is to develop and demonstrate a recently developed metal treatment and combine it with alternative barrel designs. Dark Metal Technology (DMT) is a unique technology that provides a highly wear resistant and self-lubricious surface for finished steel parts in military weapons. DMT improves the performance of machine gun barrel steel by providing: • Outstanding wear resistance, high lubricity, and anti-galling without increasing hardness for both low and high grade carbon steel alloys used in machine gun components. • Maintain dimensionally stable parts, whose surface tolerances are unaffected, because there is no build up on surfaces from diffusion treatments. • A process that can be used both on new parts and field service parts as well.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Computationally Designed Co-based Alloy for Thermally Stable Machine Gun Barrel Liner
Abstract:QuesTek Innovations LLC, a leader in the field of computational materials design, proposes to develop a new liner material and manufacturing processes, enabling a fully- lined machine gun barrel system to withstand the extreme conditions of sustained fire. Currently, warfighters must typically carry a minimum of two gun barrels into action due to the poor thermal capability of current machine gun barrels. Thermal breakdown of gun barrels during sustained fire is caused by many mechanisms, but is largely due to degradation of the gun barrel bore during exposure to the high-velocity hot propellant gases. Unprotected steel barrels quickly fail due to the combined effects of oxidation, carburization and high temperature. Current options to protect the bore only protect a portion of the barrel length due to manufacturing limitations or perform poorly under the extreme conditions of sustained fire. QuesTek’s program will involve Marine stakeholders and Army materials experts familiar with gun technologies, ensuring that the solution meets manufacturing, cost and other objectives. The Phase I Base program will demonstrate the capability of Co-alloys for thermally stable machine gun barrels by manufacturing and testing monolithic Co-alloy barrels. Alloys optimized for liner-sleeve barrel manufacturing at reasonable cost will be designed in the Option.

TPL, Inc.
3921 Academy Parkway North, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 342-4428
Douglas Taylor
NAVY 09-004      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Explosively Clad Liners for Extended Barrel Life
Abstract:Gun barrel life is limited by erosion, heat and wear. Barrel steels and failure mechanisms have changed little since the end of World War II. Performance requirements of modern gun systems continue toward higher velocities, greater rates of fire and longer projectile ranges result in greater in-bore pressures, heat and erosion. A critical need exists to increase barrel life, and therefore, sustainability. Coatings are of limited use for over- heating problems. Thicker liners have been tried, but are problematic when they are not bonded to the barrel. Using a proprietary explosive, TPL developed a unique explosive cladding process to metallurgically bond high-temperature, corrosion-resistant liners to steel or lighter weight barrel materials. TPL has demonstrated that solid liners, thicker than coatings and metallurgically bonded to the barrel, extend barrel life by 5-7 times. TPL will adapt this technology to small caliber machine gun barrels. Phase I Objectives include developing bonding parameters, verifying the metallurgical bond and producing test pieces. Barrel blanks will be clad and tested. Option tasks include cladding, machining and test firing a prototype Commercial support is lined up to help develop and market this technology. TPL has experience in barrel cladding and a site to perform the explosive work.

Materials Modification Inc
2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 560-1371
James Intrater
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Materials Development for Lighter E-SAPI Protection
Abstract:The E-SAPI specification describes the protection level of a soldier’s body armor in response to an AP, M2 round. Presently this is addressed largely through the use of boron carbide plate inserts for an outer tactical vest. A unique materials architecture is proposed with the possibility of increasing the armor’s ballistic mass efficiency and therefore allowing for the lowering of the armor weight. The Phase I Option will explore a modification to the assembly of this architecture.

Molded Materials Inc.
44650 Helm Court
Plymouth, MI 48170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 459-5955
Thomas Elkington
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Alternative Lightweight Solution to the E-SAPI
Abstract:The purpose of this SBIR is to reduce the weight of the current E-SAPI plates while maintaining the same level of protection. The weight reduction is important because by doing so the warfighter’s maneuverability and survivability will be improved. Our ability to conceptualize, design, and engineer creative solutions for complex polymer applications is what we do. Our approach to solving this problem is to apply unique materials; unique geometries of those materials, a single step manufacturing process, and novel construction methodologies such that the overall weight will be reduced and the ballistic protection will be maintained or improved. Our experimental approach in Phase I is to leverage previous work, and perform high-fidelity simulation studies on several possible solutions. Based on this we will build a number of sub-scale prototypes, then test and correlate those prototypes to the studies. Based on the findings in Phase I our solution would be further optimized in Phase II. Additionally in Phase II we will build more prototypes for testing, and once optimized we will build full-scale plates for manufacturing feasibility reviews, ballistic testing and field evaluation. By providing lighter weight armor we will help to save peoples lives.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Vince Baranauskas
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Lightweight, Flexible Ceramic Nanocomposite Polymer Armor Plates for Next Generation Body Armor
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop innovative lightweight, ballistic resistant ceramic nanocomposite armor plates that may be used in place of enhanced small arms protective inserts (E-SAPI) within Interceptor Body Armor (IBA) systems. The proposed lightweight ceramic composite inserts will integrate NanoSonic’s pioneering ceramic copolymer materials with shear thickening Kevlar® and Dyneema® fiber reinforced backings to provide protective armor inserts that weigh less than 4.00 lbs, provide enhanced soldier maneuverability and occupy less volume within interceptor vests than E-SAPI plates. This effort will build from NanoSonic’s independently validated hybrid nanocomposite armor materials that have demonstrated 1) V50 values > 4,000 ft/s to 3/8” A36 steel plates (MIL-STD-662F), 2) multiple shot protection from 0.50 cal rounds and 3) exceptional flame resistance (time to ignition > 300 seconds and low toxicity smoke). Through these efforts, researchers will develop an array of lightweight armor inserts capable of fragmenting and catching 5.56 mm, 7.62 mm and AP rounds. The potential technological advantages of NanoSonic’s lightweight, highly flexible body armor plates includes their ability to protect soldiers from multiple threats (ballistic, fragment and flame), long term environmental durability, tailorable weight and ease of integration within commonly employed composite manufacturing techniques.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Brad Rix
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Alternative Lightweight Solution to the E-SAPI
Abstract:Advancements in the Small Arms Protective Inserts are continually being made in order to provide lighter weight and more efficient ballistic protection for the U.S. Marine Corps and other military personnel. The USMC has challenged industry to develop new materials to achieve these goals. Texas Research Institute Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin) proposes a novel, multi-layer, composite armor system to reduce the weight burden while maintaining or exceeding the ballistic requirements for current E-SAPI plates. The medium-sized armor plates will be designed to weigh only 4.25 pounds. During Phase I, TRI/Austin will be working with a leader in ballistics testing and armor mechanics design and predictive modeling, as well as with a manufacturer of ballistic-grade ceramics. Ballistics testing will be performed using M80, Soviet 7.62x54Rmm ball type LPS, M855, and APM2 projectiles at an accredited ballistics testing facility. Environmental tests will be conducted that include water absorption, ultraviolet radiation resistance, and temperature effects to ensure that the new armor plates maintain ballistic effectiveness under adverse field conditions. The novel combination of ballistic protection materials will result in dramatically lower weight, enhanced durability, and ballistic effectiveness.

Ultramet
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Arthur Fortini
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:High-Hardness Lightweight Body Armor
Abstract:Current Enhanced Small Arms Protective Insert (E-SAPI) plates are made from hot- pressed boron carbide (B4C), which offers a favorable combination of high hardness and light weight. As threats continue to evolve, however, armor systems must also evolve to defeat the threats. Unfortunately, this typically involves increasing the weight of the armor system, which inhibits natural movement and decreases maneuverability for the wearer. Ultramet proposes to build upon its success with fiber-reinforced silicon carbide (SiC) composite armor and apply the lessons learned to an analogous B4C-based composite system. In the previous work, which was for a 7.62-mm APM2 threat, Ultramet’s carbon fiber-reinforced SiC composite backing structure with a thin monolithic SiC strike face outperformed fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) without a strike face as well as thick, monolithic SiC. In this project, Ultramet will use its melt infiltration process to fabricate fiber-reinforced B4C composites and combine them with a thin, monolithic B4C strike face to achieve superior ballistic protection compared with state-of-the-art monolithic B4C. Because high-strength carbon fibers are less dense than B4C, incorporating carbon fibers into the CMC will decrease the areal density while increasing the strength and toughness of the structure. This will improve the ballistic protection and improve the multi-hit capability of the composite armor system. The strike face materials to be investigated will also include ultrahard materials with hardnesses greater than that of diamond.

Wright Materials Research Co.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Seng Tan
NAVY 09-005      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Lightweight Composite for Next Generation E-SAPI
Abstract:The current ballistic material systems for small arms protective inserts in personnel armor are based on ceramic plates with fiber-reinforced composite backing. The current Interceptor OTV (Outer Tactical Vest) and SAPI (Small Arms Protective Inserts) have saved many lives, but the current configuration including E-SAPI is still not light enough to meet the goals of the Marine Corps applications. Ballistic resistant materials that can be used for personnel armor protective inserts include metals, ceramics, polymeric composites, and their combinations. Current E-SAPI designs incorporating ceramic plates with a fiber-reinforced composite backing material can defeat NIJ Level IV shots and fragmentation, but these E-SAPI plates, even in their current configuration, still have plenty of rooms for improvements. In this Phase I research, we propose to develop a lightweight armor composite to replace the current material systems. The ballistic composite will be fabricated without any hazardous materials. It will be about 20% lighter than the current E-SAPI. Preliminary experiments have shown very promising results. Analysis indicated that the target density is achievable. Additional features include the ability to resist multi-hit at close proximity and great reduction in behind-the-armor impact force. The proposed armor composite should have an immediate and large market in the military, and civilian law enforcement community.

EOSPACE Inc
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 702-8407
Walt Charczenko
NAVY 09-006      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:LINEARIZED WIDEBAND DC to 20 GHz FIBER OPTIC TRANSMITTER
Abstract:EOSPACE will study the development of a Linearized Wideband Fiber Optic Transmitter for use in High Dynamic Range Analog Fiber Optic Links. The transmitter will consists of a unique EOSPACE wideband, linearized modulator integrated with a high power CW laser. A new packaging approach will offer record performance capabilities, while allowing fiber optic distribution networks to offer a twofold reduction in size, weight, cross- section, and power consumption in Navy Aerospace systems, with much less susceptibility to EMI effects.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Dalma Novak
NAVY 09-006      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Highly Integrated RF Photonic Transmitter for High Dynamic Range RF Applications
Abstract:In this Phase I program, we will investigate new approaches for realizing an ultra- compact (40 mm × 20 mm × 5 mm), lightweight (< 6 g), high dynamic range (SFDR > 120 dB-Hz2/3, RF photonic transmitter suitable for operation in military aerospace environments. Our Phase I feasibility study will explore photonic and microwave component integration techniques that can be applied to our existing high performance, adaptive RF photonic transceiver technology incorporating feedforward linearization, in order to meet all of the target performance, footprint, weight and power requirements. We will develop a preliminary architecture for the highly integrated, high performance, low SWaP RF photonic transmitter as well as an initial design for a compact microwave integrated circuit assembly that implements the functionality of the RF photonic transmitter’s linearization circuitry. During Phase I we will also carry out a proof of concept demonstration that experimentally validates the performance that can be achieved with our proposed technical solution. The high performance and low SWaP RF photonic transmitter technology that we will develop in this program will enable all of the benefits of high dynamic range fiber optic RF signal remoting to be fully exploited in Navy avionic platforms, greatly enhancing mission capabilities.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Laury Watkins
NAVY 09-006      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Highly integrated analog fiber optic transmitter for high dynamic range RF applications
Abstract:The Navy is interested in developing a high performance analog fiber optics transmitter for high dynamic range RF applications. The interest in fiber optics is to eliminate the current heavy, difficult to install, hard to maintain, Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI) susceptible copper based RF links such as rigid coax or specifically tuned cables with light, flexible, high bandwidth, EMI immune optical fiber cables. Princeton Optronics has developed high performance analog transmitters in the past meeting most of the desired specifications of this SBIR and has developed a mechanical platform which provide the ability for the free space optically coupled components to maintain their optical coupling integrity over Navy temperature range and can withstand the desired shock and vibration. We would use that platform and use the newly available components like high performance lasers and smaller modulators to achieve the desired performance and size for the transmitter. In phase I, we would do the simulations as well as coupling experiments with the laser and the modulator and make a design which would meet all the requirements of this SBIR. In phase II, we would build the transmitter and test it extensively.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Roger Sanders
NAVY 09-007      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Portable Non-Contact Heating and Soldering Tool
Abstract:Currently available soldering and heat gun systems have several significant deficiencies that can result in lower quality repairs and higher maintenance costs. The existing soldering irons naturally lead to cross-contamination between leaded and lead-free solders, resulting in degraded solder joints. The existing heat guns require bulky accessories and/or external electric power, making them unwieldy and causing the repair process to be slower and more difficult. The current battery operated systems are more portable, but they have less heating capability and short operating times. In response to these needs, Accurate Automation Corporation is developing a unique tool that utilizes infrared energy to perform both non-contact soldering and heat shrinking. This innovative product will provide for lower maintenance costs and higher quality repairs by offering improved portability, longer operating time, and multifunctional capability while preventing solder cross contamination.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jay Rozzi
NAVY 09-007      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:A Novel Non-Contact Soldering Iron/Heat Gun for Electronics Fabrication
Abstract:While contact-based soldering irons have been sufficient for the Navy’s needs for a number of years, the need to support new lead-free and older leaded solders is impossible with the current soldering irons without the risk of cross-contamination. In addition, the combination of the soldering iron and heat gun into one device would reduce costs and operational constraints. Creare’s innovation is a novel Non-Contact Soldering Iron (NCSI) that can solder electrical connections and also function as a heat gun. The total weight of our battery-powered NCSI is approximately 2.5 lb and is similar to that of a common household flashlight. We have used low cost components such that the final cost of our NCSI will be approximately $95. Thus, our solution is flexible, lightweight, affordable, and portable. Our NCSI combines the benefits of non-contact, radiation-based soldering with the convenience of a hand-held, battery-powered device. In Phase I, we will establish the foundation for further development and technology transfer at the completion of Phase II. Creare will work closely with the U.S. Navy and the program offices during Phases I and II to ensure that we are responsive to the needs of DoD maintenance and flight-line efforts.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
NAVY 09-007      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Multi-Functional Laser Heat Source
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a heat gun/soldering iron compatible with leaded and lead- free solders without risk of cross-contamination, and with all approved heat shrink and solder sleeves, for use in a Navy flightline maintenance environment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new MultiFunctional Laser Heat Source (MFLaHS) based on a near-infrared laser diode, beam-shaping optics, laser driver electronics, and a rechargeable power source. The use of a laser ensures compatibility with all types of solder without risk of cross-contamination. The novel MFLaHS design is compact, lightweight, portable, stand-alone, and qualified for flight-line maintenance environments, with a long operating time. Its innovative beam-shaping optics provides optimal working distance with absolute safety for the surrounding materials and staff. These features directly address the PMA-261 and H-53 Helicopters requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MFLaHS by developing and demonstrating a functional prototype of technology readiness level (TRL)-4. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a TRL-7 prototype and conduct testing to demonstrate the operation of MFLaHS technology in a relevant environment.

Global Engineering and Materials, Inc.
11 Alscot Drive
East Lyme, CT 06333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 398-5620
Jim Lua
NAVY 09-008      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for Improving Progressive Damage Modeling and Structural Life Prediction of Airframes
Abstract:An automatic software tool for 3D fatigue crack growth prognosis of structural systems under realistic complex loading will be developed by integrating a unified growth model with a mesh independent extended finite element toolkit in ABAQUS. The tool will be able to model arbitrary non-planer crack growth over multiple growth regimes with an arbitrary stress ratio without user intervention or remeshing. GEM has established the business partnership with SIMULIA (ABAQUS) and secured commitments for technical support from Bell Helicopter, who will provide supporting data, information, and expertise. In addition, our consultant, Professor Liu from Clarkson University, will aid in fatigue model development, and provide existing fatigue damage model for the toolkit integration. The multi-faceted feasibility study consists of developing an add-on ABAQUS toolkit that will enable the following: 1) a new unified fatigue crack growth modeling technique that captures the stress ratio effects under both uniaxial and multiaxial load; 2) arbitrary insertion of multiple 3D cracks that are independent of the finite element mesh; 3) characterization of a growing crack using the level set and fast marching method; and 4) demonstration of the applicability and computational efficiency of the developed toolkit at component and structural level.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8653
ADARSH PUN
NAVY 09-008      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for Improving Progressive Damage Modeling and Structural Life Prediction of Airframes
Abstract:Current damage tolerance analysis methods are often only applicable over a short growth regime and require extensive calibration with test data. A novel methodology proposed by Vasudevan et al, based on a two-parameter method known as the unified crack growth model, improves these shortcomings. The NextGen team seeks to integrate the unified crack growth model with the AeroLabTM advanced CAE software framework to create a robust damage tolerance analysis module. The finite element capabilities of the AeroLabTM system will allow the stress intensity factors for the crack front to be calculated easily for complex crack geometries and complex loadings. The benefit to the user is the ease of creating robust real world solutions that converge with minimal effort within an integrated CAE software environment.

Technical Data Analysis, Inc.
7600A Leesburg Pike Suite 204, West Building
Falls Church, VA 22043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 237-1300
Nagaraja Iyyer
NAVY 09-008      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches for Improving Progressive Damage Modeling and Structural Life Prediction of Airframes
Abstract:Technical Data Analysis, Inc. (TDA) proposes to create a functional link between a finite element solver and UNIGROW, a fatigue and fracture mechanics program implementing the two-parameter approach to fracture mechanics developed by TDA and Dr. Grzegorz Glinka of the University of Waterloo, with support from ONR. This link will enhance the capability of both programs by providing a means of analysis automation for fatigue crack growth. Currently, fracture mechanics analysis relies on simplified models based on empirical rules to determine stress intensity factors. However, the sometimes poor correlation of these models to real structure leads to a large amount of uncertainty in fatigue crack growth calculations. The proposed product will allow any real structure to be analyzed for crack growth using the well established weight function methodology. After creating a component finite element model, a simple linear static analysis will determine stress distributions on any number of user-identified or automatically-identified crack planes. Those stress results will be linked to UNIGROW, which will utilize the weight function approach to determine accurate stress intensity factors and fatigue crack propagation. The end result will be enhanced fracture mechanics analysis capability, leading to safer, more efficient designs.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Paul Sorensen
NAVY 09-009      Awarded: 4/23/2009
Title:Beam Director/Expander for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:The overall goal of this project is to design, fabricate, and test a compact, low power, aircraft-mounted Beam Director/Expander (BD/E) for High Energy Laser (HEL) Applications. Examples of HEL applications include: (1) directed energy weapons from air- and space-borne sources, and (2) countermeasures for surface-to-air missiles aimed at aircraft. Both applications require high bandwidth and high accuracy to reject structural disturbances (jitter) from the base aircraft and to enable rapid target acquisition and tracking. Tactical beam directors for these applications need to: handle laser power up to 300 kW, have optical throughput greater than 90%, work with wavelengths between 1.0 micron and 1.1 micron, have residual wavefront error less than lambda/8 at 1.06 micron, have residual jitter less than 2 microrad, have slew rates exceeding 2 rad/sec, be capable of slew accelerations greater than 2 rad/sec2, take up less than 0.2 cubic meters, and have mass less than 50 kg. Our proposed Beam Director/Expander combines a unique, optical design; advanced mirror materials; novel actuator technology; and proven gimbal and high-speed control system electronics. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of our approach. During Phase II, we will fabricate and test a bench-top BD/E.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 245-9970
Don Washburn
NAVY 09-009      Awarded: 4/23/2009
Title:Tactical Beam Director for Airborne High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR will design a 30 cm beam director for HEL airborne tactical applications for a variety of Navy Missions. The beam director is to exhibit minimal weight and footprint. The beam director itself will be composite structure with at least 2 radians per second angular velocity and 2 radians per second squared acceleration capability. It is expected that the beam director will have an unobscured aperture and be capable of power loadings of up to 300 kW.

Redstone Aerospace Corp.
P.O. Box 1504
Longmont, CO 80502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 684-8125
Robert Levenduski
NAVY 09-009      Awarded: 4/23/2009
Title:Tactical Beam Director for Airborne High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:Most gimbal systems are designed for maximum stiffness and lowest mass. Gimbal stiffness is generally a principal requirement because the control bandwidth and pointing capability are directly related to the stiffness. Typically, the need to satisfy mass and stiffness requirements forces a compromise between the geometry and the materials. To date, design and development of high performance gimbals have been based on increasing the stiffness to the greatest extent possible and then controlling the gimbal with classical control techniques to the highest bandwidth possible. An alternative approach is to utilize flexible body control techniques with a relatively soft gimbal to enable pointing control beyond its first structural mode. Doing so would enable lightweight, low cost gimbals to be incorporated into airborne platforms. This effort will develop the advanced control techniques needed to effect precision pointing of a lightweight beam director.

Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
65 West Street Road Building C
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
James McEachern
NAVY 09-010      Awarded: 4/14/2009
Title:Coherent Active Sonar Waveform Analysis Using Pressure/Velocity Phase Comparison for Improved Detection and Classification
Abstract:Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation is proposing a Phase I study that will analyze the scattered acoustic field around a target-like body, taking into account the phase relationship between the pressure and acoustic particle velocity in the scattered field. The project will assess the effects of environmental factors such as boundaries and noise and will estimate the detectability of the phase change as a function of range. An algorithm to detect pressure-particle velocity phase shifts, suitable for in-sensor use or incorporation into the current sonobuoy signal processing system, will be developed. Sensor concepts and operating concepts will be formulated. A plan to validate the algorithms and design concepts in Phase II will be developed.

RDA Inc.
P.O. Box 49
Doylestown, PA 18901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 340-9514
Malachi Higgins
NAVY 09-010      Awarded: 4/14/2009
Title:Coherent Active Sonar Waveform Analysis Using Pressure/Velocity Phase Comparison for Improved Detection and Classification
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I effort is to develop a new means of detecting undersea targets in the reverberation return as well as in the forward scatter zone. Previous tests regarding Forward Scatter Detection had not been able to establish acceptable False Alarm Rates (FAR), at a sufficiently high Probability of Detection (PD) to warrant further development. However, newer developments using an array of co-located pressure and pressure gradient (i.e. velocity) sensors, showed potential as an undersea target detection mechanism. The proposed effort will follow up on these tests, both from a theoretical and practical measurement sense, to define sonobuoys which are capable of this new detection technique. Potential applications will be to the navy, as well as to homeland security for harbor defense and enemy diver detection.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Gerald Carroll
NAVY 09-010      Awarded: 4/16/2009
Title:Coherent Active Sonar Waveform Analysis Using Pressure/Velocity Phase Comparison for Improved Detection and Classification
Abstract:Existing Air ASW multistatic sonar search systems do not fully exploit all of the scattering information available in the acoustic field. This project seeks to further demonstrate that multistatic target echoes affect the acoustic field in a manner that allows one to differentiate target from non-target energy by using vector sensor quantities. During Phase I, we will examine target features using data from new vector sensor target scattering experiments that extends the work of previous research. We will use a signal subspace approach to develop new vector sensor algorithms that improve upon intensity based methods for the detection of forward scatter targets. In addition to the forward scatter cross range intensity phase anomaly feature, we will examine the potential of extracting cross range features in other geometries. During Phase I, we will also reanalyze existing data sets from experiments that contain vector sensors and target scattering to show improved detection and classification performance. In this way, Signal Systems Corporation will demonstrate the proof of concept of new discrimination clues in scattering regimes that have high target strength and a current paucity of physics based features.

Applied Thin Films, Inc.
1801 Maple Ave. Suite 5316
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 287-6292
Benjamin Mangrich
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:Environmentally-Robust Matrices for SiC Composites
Abstract:Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs) are emerging as mission-critical materials for a broad range of defense applications and among them, their utility for next-generation aero- turbine components are currently being pursued. SiC-based CMCs are leading candidates for this application due to their high strength, low density, and superior toughness at elevated temperatures. In this Phase I project, a new matrix material is being proposed based on the concerns for the environmental durability of SiC under turbine service conditions. At elevated temperatures, degradation of SiC CMCs due to presence of oxidation, moisture, salt, and CMAS is well known. While barrier coatings deposited on exterior surfaces can mitigate the problem to a certain extent, it is becoming apparent that more robust ceramic matrices need to be developed using low-cost approaches. In this regard, recent advances with preceramic polymer-derived matrices are noteworthy. This Phase I project addresses a unique and innovative matrix material using CMC-compatible processing technique to enhance the durability of SiC CMCs in such harsh environments. Fabrication of CMC samples, exposure tests, and mechanical testing comprise the major tasks in this project. Partnership with a prime defense contractor and manufacturer of CMCs is established for this investigation to provide technical guidance.

KION defense Technologies Inc
1957A Pioneer Rd
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 682-2060
Frank Kuchinski
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Environmental Resistant, Integrated Matrix Material System from Low-Cost, Heteroatom Modified Poly(boro)silazanes
Abstract:Kion Defense Technologies, Inc. (KDT) has teamed with a composite manufacturer to develop and demonstrate the effectiveness of a new, integrated matrix system for SiC- based composites for use up to 1300oC (2400oF). KDT will employ its patented polysilazane resin manufacturing process to incorporate B and Zr or Ti heteroatoms into its ceramic precursor (CERASET) resins to produce SiZrBCN or SiTiBCN, ceramics, respectively. These resins will be suitable for CMC matrix PIP processing and fully compatible with the composite matrix precursor for infiltration, pyrolysis, and resultant coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). The resulting composite microstructure will offer oxidation and corrosion protection as a result of the layered matrix structure. Furthermore, the proposed innovation is an improvement on the already tested and approved composite system, thus will require less testing and qualification than a new materials system and process that starts entirely from scratch.

MATECH Advanced Materials
31304 Via Colinas, Suite 102
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 991-8500
HeeMann Yun
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:Low-cost Innovative Erosion-resistant Environment-durable Ceramic Matrix Materials for Advanced SiC/SiC(N, Me) CMC
Abstract:MATECH GSM (MG) proposes demonstrating a low-cost and enhanced-environment- and erosion-resistant CMC material system, ASGMAC (SiC/SiC(N,Me)), by optimizing MG’s low-cycle PIP matrix densification method and by adopting modified (and/or functionally graded) polymer pre-cursor derived matrices for higher erosion and corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures up to ~2700F. The modified and functionally graded matrices are to be functioned for mitigating the current issues of the EBC onto the Si-based CMC substrates, such as poor impact resistance and unstable microstructures of the CMC surface over-coating. MG has successfully demonstrated 5-cycle PIP densifications of 2D / 3D architecture CMC panels using a pre-ceramic Si-based polymer and also has successfully synthesized a variety of Zr- (or Hf-) based ultra-high temperature pre- ceramic polymers for UHT ceramic fibers and matrices. The CMC community is well aware of several issues having to do with the Si-based material systems; one of those is a necessity for significant improvement in moisture and salt-fog corrosion resistance. MG’s objectives are: 1) Tailor the matrix composition rather than using Si-based but other refractory-based ceramic matrix formation, 2) Add second refractory or rare-earth oxide forming element in the current Si-based SiC or SiNC polymer that enhances moisture / salt- fog environmental resistance.

Thor Technologies, Inc.
3013 Aztec Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 830-6986
Larry Kepley
NAVY 09-011      Awarded: 5/11/2009
Title:Chemically Modified SiC/SiC for In Situ Growth of Nonvolatile, Environmental Barrier Scale
Abstract:For significant advancements to occur in the implementation of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) in aeroengine airfoil applications, silicon carbide (SiC) ceramic matrix that forms corrosion resistant scale is needed for the combustion environment. Particularly troublesome is the accelerated surface oxidation and recession that proceeds due to reaction of the native silica scale with steam in the high-temperature turbine environment. As opposed to the more convention application of environmental barrier coatings (EBC) by plasma spray to meet this challenge, the proposed effort will develop an steam-resistant matrix material for use in SiC/SiC CMCs. More specifically, chemically modified SiC-matrix CMC panels will be fabricated by PIP processing using rare earth-doped polymer precursors. Evaluation of the resulting CMCs will proceed by measuring their oxidation resistance under aggressive, accelerated aging conditions (steam + O2 at high temperatures) that simulate harsh aeroturbine environment. A wide variety of materials property testing will be performed to measure the mechanical effects on the effect of doping the matrix both before and after aging of specimens.

Adaptive Technologies, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive Suite 3040
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-1284
William Saunders
NAVY 09-012      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Advanced Flight Deck Data and Voice Communications
Abstract:Adaptive Technologies, Inc. (ATI) and Fortress Technologies have teamed to develop advances in flight deck data and voice communications for use by the Aviation Data Management and Control System (ADMACS) program. This unique challenge of providing operational, noise-free, voice-enabled data management in a flight deck environment, with wireless network integration to the existing ADMACS shipboard LAN, is expected to lead to new paradigms for aviation maintainers. The ATI and Fortress Technologies team that proposes this Phase I project is uniquely suited to address the inherent challenges of this SBIR topic based on their current portfolio of military-qualified flight deck communications products and secure wireless network hardware systems, respectively. Based on proprietary digital noise canceling microphone technology that is used in two different flight-deck certified communications headsets, ATI will initiate the design of voice-enabled mobile devices that provide highly accurate voice recognition in jet noise fields and provide interface to the ADMACS LAN via Fortress Technologies’ secure, FIPS 140-2 certified wireless hardware that satisfies DOD Directive 8100.2. This program is designed to successfully transition to Phase II demonstrations in a representative or actual flight deck environment.

Della Enterprises, Inc.
3425 North County Road 3
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 686-6898
Chris Wieland
NAVY 09-012      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Advanced Flight Deck Data and Voice Communications
Abstract:We propose the introduction of a number of proprietary technologies we have developed to provide improvements for the collection and transmittance of flight ops data around the carrier and hangar decks of US carriers. Specifically, we can provide a speech recognition system that operates at levels near 99.9% accuracy in jet noise of at least 125dB. When coupled with a proprietary Auditory User Interface, this system permits totally hands-free and reliable operation of data collection using a PDA or PC with voice confirmation of operations. Additional technologies provide for data and voice to be optically transmitted, thus avoiding any RF interference. The combination of these technologies provide a faster and more reliable means to collect and disperse flight ops aircraft status.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
NAVY 09-012      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Advanced Flight Deck Data and Voice Communications
Abstract:MaXentric’s proposed solution for advanced flight deck data and voice communications is a comprehensive system that encompasses a V-band Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), which offers the bandwidth, security, robustness, and reliability that is required for the next generation Navy network, as well as, a human-computer interface (HCI) that fuses visual automatic speech recognition, along with audio to overcome the challenges of high noise environment and offer a 100 percent reliable voice and data communication wirelessly and covertly on the carrier flight deck.

Innovative Dynamics, Inc.
2560 North Triphammer Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-0533
Joseph Gerardi
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Control Surface Buffet Load Measurement
Abstract:High performance military aircraft require reliable measurement of critical loads on control surfaces during maneuvering and dynamic events such as wing buffet. Innovative Dynamics proposes to investigate a distributed sensor network to continuously monitor the structural integrity of control surfaces especially when in buffeting or flutter situations. Phase I will design a Buffet Load Measurement System Architecture for application to the JSF control surfaces. This will include the development of patch sensors and electronics for making vibration load measurements including the collection, transmission, and storage of sensor time and feature data. The end goal is the development of a structural diagnostic tool that will integrate with the on-board aircraft HUMS box and display post flight buffet load data along with other key aircraft parameters. This will allow users to determine exactly when and where flutter conditions occur during the flight profile. Phase II will develop the system hardware network for demonstration on an actual control surface in a wind tunnel or vibration table demonstration. Phase III will integrate sensors into manufactured parts using direct write processes. Successful demonstration of the system will lead to development of a HUMS based diagnostic tool for monitoring of critical surfaces on high performance aircraft.

International Electronic Machines
850 River St.
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 268-1636
Zack Mian
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Buffet Load Accurate Measurement System (BLAMS)
Abstract:Current-art systems cannot meet the requirements for Predictive Health Maintenance tracking of buffet stress/strain caused by disrupted overwing vortices on aircraft control surfaces: high sample rates, effectively zero data loss, and zero-to-minimal weight, wiring, or maintenance requirements. International Electronic Machines Corporation (IEM), a leader in smart sensor technology solutions for transportation safety, will create the Buffet Load Accurate Measurement System (BLAMS) with the support and endorsement of F-35 prime contractor Lockheed-Martin and assistance from Albany Nanotechnology. BLAMS will offer a wireless, non-interfering, high-data-rate, high-sample-rate system for tracking buffet loads across multiple points on an aircraft’s structure while having extremely low SWAP demands and low cost. BLAMS will be composed of simple, self- contained rugged sensor nodes which may be inserted nearly anywhere, affixed with any reasonable method, and store all flight data onboard until interrogated remotely by a system which can process the data locally or interface with other third-party systems (thus preventing any interference with other systems). Requiring virtually no maintenance, incorporating UID capability, adding virtually no weight, and lasting for the lifetime of the target components, BLAMS will make accurate, reliable PHM possible for JSF/F-35 and other aircraft applications, improving safety while significantly reducing maintenance costs.

MicroStrain, Inc.
459 Hurricane Lane Suite 102
Williston, VT 05495
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 862-6629
Steven Arms
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Control Surface Buffet Load Measurement
Abstract:Structural monitoring of Navy aircraft is of critical importance as the fleet ages. One critical area includes the control surfaces, which are subject to intense, dynamic buffet loading which can lead to structural cracking. The highly transient nature of buffet loading makes it difficult to measure using conventional sensors. We propose to solve this problem by combining a network of time-synchronized wireless load sensors with integrated microelectronics for static and dynamic loads sensing, data recording, communications, and energy harvesting. Our proposed sensors possess major advantages, including: sealed stainless packaging, full calibration prior to installation, rapid installation, and locations which enable a full computation of control surface forces and moments. Embedded firmware at each node will detect when buffet loads occur, and each wireless sensor node will automatically increase its sampling rate for high speed data recording. Data during normal aircraft maneuvers shall also be recorded, at a reduced sample rate. Time stamped, synchronized data will be stored in non-volatile memory and may be downloaded wirelessly at high rates upon receipt of a secure command. The embedded firmware also uses micro-power sleep modes whenever appropriate to enable powering by vibration energy harvesting, which will eliminate the need for battery maintenance.

Systems Technology, Inc.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Brian Danowsky
NAVY 09-013      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Control Surface Buffet Load Measurement
Abstract:High performance aircraft experience repeated loads that can vary greatly both in frequency and amplitude depending on such factors as flight condition, maneuvering, and aeroelastic characteristics. Loads are monitored throughout the lifetime of military aircraft and used to estimate remaining structural life. Current airframe sensors are unsuitable for measuring unsteady aerodynamic buffet loads, which can be of significant amplitude and occur at frequencies that excite the aeroelastic dynamics, dramatically decreasing fatigue life. Systems Technology, Inc. and Moog, Inc. propose the Actuator Load Computing System (ALCS), an elegant and logistically attractive solution to this problem that employs onboard flight control actuators as load sensors capable of measuring both high frequency and quasi-steady loads. Since actuators directly measure the forces exerted on a control surface, these loads can be used as a robust reference gauge for what is occurring at the wing or tail surface as a whole. ALCS will leverage a novel frequency response identification technique, Narrowband Signature (NBS), which has proven to be successful with very short duration inputs. Since actuators are employed with all of the control surfaces, ALCS immediately extends itself for use with wings, vertical tails, and horizontal tails without the need for additional hardware.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Mike McFarland
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of applying an advanced, multifunctional coating system to canopy windows to increase their resistance to electromagnetic interference (EMI) and attack from low-power laser exposure. The coatings can be controlled during the deposition process to produce laser absorption profiles suitable for a wide variety of window requirements. In addition, the coating system will have an increased resistance to abrasion and scratching and will have an increased resistance to ballistic impact.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Milan Buncick
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:Radio systems play an increasing role in our military and civilian infrastructure, and many of these systems are vulnerable to accidental and malevolent electromagnetic attack. Malevolent EMI attacks on aircraft are not a new threat, and will probably increase in our society due to wide spread availability of electronic hardware and the increasing use of wireless devices. Protection from laser threats has become increasingly important due to the availability of laser sources (continuous and pulsed) over a broad range of wavelengths. This is particularly the case where table top femtosecond laser pulses (~50femtoseconds) with peak powers reaching the Terawatt scale are commercially available in the visible and near infrared. The military uses many laser systems (e.g., training devices, range finders, target designators, communications devices) that emit potentially eye damaging radiation. Because equipment and personnel risk exposure to these threats, a growing need exists for EMI protection of electrical equipment and eye protection at a variety of wavelengths for both CW and pulsed laser sources. Improving the resistance of helicopter canopies and windows to threats from both radio frequency energy and laser effects while maintaining or improving system functionality can protect equipment and personnel. The objective of this proposal is to develop transparent metallo- dielectric multilayer stacks that functions both as an EMI and a laser eye protection coating. We will design and construct multilayer stacks that provide a high transparency window in the visible spectrum but block both UV and IR light. The coating will have sufficient conductivity to offer EMI control and sufficient optical density to protect the eye from damage by laser radiation in these two spectral regions. As part of the Phase I effort we will build and test these stacks on both rigid and flexible substrates in order to provide a wide variety of protection applications. The Phase I work will also produce a technology development and demonstrate plan for the proposed solution that will be executed in Phase II.

Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Rand Dannenberg
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Integration of the Eclipse Transparent Electrical Conductor and Eclipse Multiline Rejection Filter Technology for Transparent Armor Applications
Abstract:As optical systems increase in their sensitivity and sensors become more capable, modern and future rotary wing aircraft will suffer from the need to have transparent armor systems that are transparent in the visible wavelengths and sensor wavelengths of interest while incorporating low ohm coatings for shielding efficiency as well as filters to protect against laser threats. The challenge is in providing a system that increases crew protection by the reduction of laser threats, and solar loading on transparent armor while enhancing the shielding efficiency and not reducing the mission capabilities by limiting transmission in wavelengths of interest. Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc. has addressed these current and future needs with the Eclipse Transparent Electrical Conductor (TEC) and Advanced Filter Technologies such as Rugate filter systems. The EclipseTEC™ is a flexible visually transparent electrical conductor (88%+ transmission at 550 nm,

Eikos, Inc.
2 Master Drive
Franklin, MA 02038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 528-0300
Paul Glatkowski
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/7/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:There is a need to incorporate the application of advanced transparent coating materials to reduce the exposure of aircrew cockpit and avionics to EMI and laser energy. Eikos proposes the use of new processes, structures, and materials based on low cost coating technology that exploits inherent advantages of carbon nanotube (CNT) transparent conductive coatings to reduce absorb EMI and reflect specific laser energy. Aircraft windows and canopies will be laminated from several plies of CNT coated sheets on polycarbonate so that the CNT provides EMI shielding, as well as ballistics protection. Some of the plies will also contain a mesostructured coating to reject laser light at specific wavelengths. The use of CNT allows this structure to be durable during manufacturing and use due to the unique open structure of the CNT. Furthermore, electrical and optical properties of these layers are tunable to address a wide range of EMI and laser threats. Eikos is partnered with a major air framer and a major canopy manufacturer to assist with the development of application needs and to provide testing.

United Protective Technologies, LLC
142 Cara Court
Locust, NC 28097
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 888-2470
Reggie Drake
NAVY 09-014      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Advanced Canopy and Window Materials for Improved Helicopter and Aircrew Survivability
Abstract:Since the inception of radar over 50 years ago, development of battlefield detection and sensing methods has increased dramatically. All methods of detection and sensing that transmit, distribute, or utilize electrical energy can be sources of EMI. Of these sources of EMI, radio frequency energy can cause significant disruption to the operation and performance of aircraft avionics and pose a potential threat to aircrews of the affected aircraft due to exposure through the aircraft canopy. Another device, the low power laser, also poses an exposure danger. The laser can be targeted at the aircrew through the canopy and be used as a weapon by reducing the vision of the person(s) the laser is directed at. United Protective Technologies (UPT) will address these considerations by using a wealth of experience and a company history of laminate based protection of military windows. UPT will seek to incorporate a cost effective, multiple airframe solution capable of reducing or eliminating the threats posed by EMI and laser interference while maintaining the desired optical properties. UPT currently produces a sacrificial windscreen laminate for erosion protection and has obtained airworthiness on multiple airframes.

Apollo Instruments Inc
55 Peters Canyon Road
Irvine, CA 92606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 756-3111
Pete Wang
NAVY 09-015      Awarded: 3/27/2009
Title:High Power Pump Couplers for High Energy Fiber Lasers
Abstract:We propose to develop a novel pump energy coupler for high power fiber lasers. The overall goal of this program is to deliver a multi-kilowatt fiber laser system based on the high efficiency coupling technique. High power diode power injection into the inner cladding of active fibers has been a bottleneck for multi-kilowatt fiber lasers. The new coupler will be compatible with any pumping wavelength. The advantages of the new technique will include high wall-plug pump efficiency, brightness preservation, distributed pump injection and good heat dissipation. This proposed project is a moderate risk and high reward effort. The risk is moderate because detailed demonstration of the concept must be made although the theoretical study and preliminary laboratory research have set in place a significant foundation for the proposed effort. The reward is high because the success of the program will eliminate a major obstacle in current fiber laser development. The enabling technology will also benefit other diode pumped solid-state lasers, and provide couplers for researchers to develop new fiber lasers.

Arbor Photonics, Inc.
4968 Ravine Ct
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 417-1079
Thomas Sosnowski
NAVY 09-015      Awarded: 3/27/2009
Title:High Power Pump Couplers for High Energy Fiber Lasers
Abstract:Realization of fiber lasers with output power in the multi-kW range critically depends on the development of high power fiber components. This proposal specifically addresses the design, development and manufacture of new, all-fiber pump couplers using large- core, single-mode Chirally-Coupled Core (CCC) fiber, capable of operating at pump powers as high as 2kW or more. To improve the performance of pump combiners, we are proposing a new approach developed by AGT Laser (formerly FG2 Tech) using a specially designed coupling piece between the pump fibers and the signal DCF. This approach is a side-coupler design that allows for the DCF to remain continuous inside the coupler. This novel design eliminates the problem of matching cores when splicing the coupler signal fiber to an additional DCF, as is required in the end-pumping approach. This approach is fundamentally independent of the particular type of DCF and can therefore allow the use of a novel and demonstrated highly-scalable mode area, single-mode optical fiber that can incorporate polarization maintaining performance.

Q Peak, Inc.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Glen Rines
NAVY 09-015      Awarded: 3/27/2009
Title:Improved High-Power Pump Couplers
Abstract:Recent advances in fiber lasers have shown their potential for power scaling to Directed Energy (DE) levels. Many of the high-power, cladding-pumped, large-mode-area (LMA) fiber systems demonstrated in the laboratory have employed free-space optics to couple the diode-laser pump power into the pump cladding of the fiber. While the approach is useful for power-scaling demonstrations, it is not practical for operational lasers in terms of both reliability and ruggedness. In the work proposed here, we plan to develop and test high-power, all-fiber pump combiners to replace free-space optics for pump transport and allow construction of “all-glass” fiber lasers. The pump couplers must be compatible with polarization-maintaining (PM) LMA fibers used in the beam-combined systems needed to generate DE power levels. Also, given the interest, for some applications, in “eyesafer” DE systems, the couplers should work with not only Yb-doped fibers, but also with Tm-doped, 2-micron-wavelength fibers.

AVID LLC
322 Freedom Blvd Suite C
Yorktown, VA 23692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 886-2611
Paul Gelhausen
NAVY 09-016      Awarded: 3/3/2009
Title:Noise Reduction for Military Airfields and Surrounding Areas
Abstract:AVID proposes to develop software that determines takeoff and landing operational parameters for advanced military aircraft which result in trajectories that reduce noise in populated areas surrounding military airfields. This software will utilize GIS technologies to make teh analysis site-specific for a given airfield. Gradient method and genetic swarm optimization methodologies will be employeed to determine the set of operational parameters which reduce a cost function based on perceived noise level at observer stations on the ground.

Blue Ridge Research and Consulting
13 1/2 W. Walnut Street
Asheville, NC 28801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(828) 252-2209
Micah Downing
NAVY 09-016      Awarded: 3/3/2009
Title:Development of Optimizer for Noise Reduction for Military Airfields and Surrounding Areas
Abstract:Emerging new military high-performance aircraft and most current fighter aircraft generate community noise footprints that are in many cases 10 times or larger in size than current transport commercial aircraft. These higher levels lead to community annoyance, expensive and restrictive noise mitigation, and restriction of operations. Noise reduction technologies have been developed and employed on commercial aircraft engines giving significant reductions in community noise. However, few, if any, of these technologies have direct application to military high-performance jet engines. DoD is funding research to develop advanced modeling tools for community noise exposure and for noise reduction techniques. These tools are being developed to improve the military’s capabilities to assess and to potentially reduce its operational noise. However, for these tools to achieve their full potential, a system needs to be developed to optimize operational flight procedures that reduce community noise exposure while minimizing nonstandard flight procedures. This optimization system will provide the most cost effective near-term solution for jet noise reduction for the military that can be applied to any military aircraft at any airfield for relatively small incremental costs. The initial localized noise reduction expected from operational modifications is expected to be approximately 3 to 6 dB DNL.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Avinash Sarlashkar
NAVY 09-017      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Mission Impact and Readiness Assessment Tool for Critical Transmission Assemblies
Abstract:Impact Technologies with its OEM partner Boeing, proposes to use a combination of newly developed technologies and leverage existing technologies to develop a comprehensive software suite that will assist the Navy personnel in accurately and quickly assessing the impact of actual aircraft usage on critical transmission components and therefore, on overall reliability and mission readiness. It is not uncommon to have the aircraft experience the mission mix in actual use that is significantly different from the mission mix anticipated during the design stage. A different mission mix would therefore mean a potentially lower reliability and mission readiness at any given time. It is critical that tools are available than can accurately assess effects of such deviations on individual tail-number basis as well as at the fleet level. The innovations in this proposed effort will include: a) A graphical drag-and-drop system-level modeling tool to represent multiple failure modes for multiple components in complex transmission systems, b) Computation of individual component damage rates and therefore associated reliability using system level inputs such as the flight regime definitions, c) A reliability roll-up of different components in a “transmission chain” with due consideration to serial and parallel paths and interdependencies.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 522-8560
Nate Bolander
NAVY 09-017      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Gearbox Load and Life Simulation Software
Abstract:Gear tooth surface fatigue (pitting) is common precursor failure mode that leads to excessive gear vibration, liberation of debris particles that damage ancillary components (e.g. bearings), and serves as crack initiation sites that lead to eventual catastrophic tooth failure. Current gearbox life estimation techniques commonly underplay the significance of gear tooth surface fatigue due to the complexity of the phenomenon involved. In this Phase I program, technologies necessary for rigorous inclusion of surface fatigue failure will be developed to provide a better estimation of gearbox life for a given set of experienced (past) and anticipated (future) mission profiles. Finite element analysis will be coupled with a detailed mixed-elastohydrodynamic lubrication model and continuum damage mechanics approaches to predict damage accumulation rates in the material microstructure. Estimations of dynamic loading will be obtained through lumped-parameter analysis of the gearbox system. The completed software will provide analysts with a tool to predict the current damage state in helicopter gearboxes and evaluate remaining useful life for anticipated mission profiles.

VEXTEC Corporation
750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 372-0299
Richard Holmes
NAVY 09-017      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Gearbox Load and Life Simulation Software
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed effort is to build a methodology and the associated computational tools that predict component life for rotor wing drive systems. This will be achieved by adding mission load variability to VEXTEC’s existing gear component life prediction tool. The goal is a framework that accounts for mission variability and gear fatigue damage and produces a comprehensive assessment of drive system performance in an operational environment. This framework will incorporate the use of both high and low fidelity models to predict component performance, and will be based on existing VEXTEC durability prediction software used for Army land vehicles. This software accounts for each component in a complex system to produce an overall drive system life prediction. The tool will be developed in Phase I for a simplified H60 helicopter gearbox system. The tool will be used to predict the system’s performance based on component material and loading, system design, and mission load variability. The successful prediction of system performance will be used to demonstrate conceptual feasibility of implementing the component life prediction tool.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Aaron Rood
NAVY 09-018      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Pilot Physiologic Assessment System
Abstract:The proposed Pilot Physiologic Assessment System is a comprehensive medical monitoring system capable of measuring standard medical indexes such as heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration rate, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, and nitrogen levels. PPAS will be capable of both monitoring physiologic conditions and warning individuals of potential hypoxic state to aviators or persons conducting missions above 10,000 feet. The approach of the Pilot Physiologic Assessment System will be to use measured physiologic, metabolic and ambient values to create safe boundary limits during hypoxic exposure and allow for warning signals to be presented. Orbital Research (Cleveland, Ohio) with partners at NASA Glenn Research Center will develop a wearable sensor suite to monitor physiologic metrics of aircrews. The acquired indexes will allow physiologic changes to be tracked, warning signals to be generated, and hazards of hypoxia to be mitigated. Accurate prediction of deleterious changes from hypoxic exposure requires first accurate sensors. This Phase I program will focus on developing a non-invasive, pilot worn sensor suite capable of monitoring physiologic metrics to accurately predict and issue a warning of a hypoxic state to the user.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Rajan Gurjar
NAVY 09-018      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:High Reliability, Miniature Personal Hypoxia Monitoring System
Abstract:Accidental reduction in the oxygen available to a fighter pilot at high altitudes can lead to insidious hypoxia, where symptoms are almost unnoticeable before loss of consciousness in less than a minute. Under such situations, an accurate hypoxia monitoring unit that can predict the early onset of hypoxia – leaving sufficient time for the pilot to take remedial action – is essential. The existing commercially available technique for hypoxia monitoring, pulse oximetry, measures arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SO2), but has been proven an unreliable technique for the monitoring of in-flight hypoxia. Radiation Monitoring Devices (RMD) proposes to develop a real-time, versatile near infrared spectroscopic (NIRS) instrument that can detect the onset of hypoxia with minimal false positive and false negative rates. The NIRS instrument will simultaneously measure multiple physiological parameters apart from the blood oxygen saturation, in order to infer the onset of hypoxia with no false negative rates. The instrument will also have no false positives that can cause unnecessary distraction to the pilot during crucial situations. For comfort and safety reasons, the instrument will be made highly compact and non-invasive, and will not interfere with any of the numerous life supporting equipment worn by the pilot. Additionally, the monitor will take into account the statistical variation in an individual’s response to altitude and reduced pressure, to improve its accuracy and make it more universal. The Phase II prototype will be tested in hypobaric chambers used for pilot training at the end of the program.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Stan Desjardins
NAVY 09-018      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:The HAWK™ Hypoxia Detection and Alerting System for Military Pilots
Abstract:Military aircraft that fly at high altitudes and/or conduct high-g maneuvers require sophisticated safety systems to prevent the pilot from becoming susceptible to the negative effects of hypoxia and gravitational loss of consciousness. Pressure breathing and g-suits help to address these issues; however, a noninvasive warning system is required to alert the pilot to physiologic conditions signaling a hypoxic condition. This is complicated by the highly dynamic environment (pressure breathing, g-loading, pilot movement, irregular breathing, anti-g straining, mask seepage, hypoxia tolerance variation) and that the system must be adaptable to existing systems without modification by the component/system vendor. Safe, Inc. has conceived of a self-powered/low- power wireless noninvasive hypoxia sensor suite that offers ultra-high accuracy measurement (>99%) of blood/breathe oxygenation status with the superior fault- mitigation technology and near real-time responsiveness of hypoxia sensing. Fault mitigation and measurement accuracy is afforded by multi-modal sensors that assess O2 and CO2 metabolism as well as blood oxygenation. Advanced algorithms are employed to account for pilot movement and low blood perfusion. Sensors are mask-mounted and communicate wirelessly to a fore-arm mounted alerting system.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-2770
Michael Larsen
NAVY 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Multi-Modal Sensor for Tactical Marine Surveillance
Abstract:Information Systems Laboratories, Inc. (ISL) proposes to team with Applied Physical Sciences Corp. (APS) and ERAPSCO to develop a low-cost underwater sensor capable of collecting both acoustic and electric field signals. APS is a recognized leader in the development of advanced acoustic sensors and signal processing. ERAPSCO is a joint venture of USSI and Sparton, the world''''''''''''''''s leading sonobuoy manufacturers. Exploitation of both acoustic and electromagnetic signals emitted by submarines offers new possibilities for sensor queuing and data fusion to reduce false alarms. The goal of the effort is to develop a small air deployable sensor package that can simultaneously observe the acoustic radiated signature and the electric potential signals from ships that are in the vicinity. We will develop appropriate signal and information processing algorithms to provide a robust multi-modal solution that improves initial detection performance (PD/PFA), target kinematic predictions (tracks), and target identification (target/on-target) based on features in both measurement domains. Data will be collected in Phase I to validate sensor and noise models and to make recommendations for an engineering prototype of a compact sensor package. This information will be used in Phase II to develop and test prototype a sensor with the support of ERAPSCO.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1713
Kevin Derby
NAVY 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Combined Acoustic and Electric Field Sensing Buoy for Marine Surveillance
Abstract:Buoys for marine surveillance typically employ acoustic sensors for target detection and classification. A wide variety of sonobuoys have been developed for this application. However there are situations, particularly in littoral environments, in which the efficacy of acoustic sensors can be significantly compromised. In these instances, some level of performance enhancement may be possible by using supplementary sensing techniques. One option is the use of underwater electric field (E-field) sensors to detect electromagnetic fields generated by the cathodic corrosion protection systems typically employed on marine vessels. A buoy capable of detecting these signatures in addition to the traditional acoustic signatures could offer significant advantages, particularly in environments in which the quality of the acoustic data is compromised. QUASAR Federal Systems, a world leader in EM technology, proposes to develop underwater E-field sensors appropriate for integration into a combined acoustic/E-field sensing marine surveillance buoy. Working with Ultra Electronics Undersea Sensor Systems. Inc. (USSI) we will also generate a conceptual system design for a combined sensor buoy. In addition, we will partner with Applied Signal Technology (AST) to develop algorithms to fuse the acoustic data with E-field data and characterize the resulting performance.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Dennis Byrne
NAVY 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Data Fusion of Electric Field and Acoustic Data
Abstract:Conventional acoustic ASW methods are limited in littoral regions, where multipath caused by widely varying sound speed profiles and cluttered boundary conditions is concurrent with high ambient noise. For this reason additional detection methods are desirable. Many potential targets of interest generate incidental electric fields from the galvanic potential field generated by dissimilar metals in contact with seawater. Ultimately, these low- frequency e-fields propagate through the water and can be detected at a moderate distance with e-field sensors; when combined with the acoustic data, the fused data can provide additional performance in terms of reduced false alarm rates, tracking, and classification. The opportunity, then, is to develop a tactically deployable, hybrid e-field and acoustic buoy that can support a multilayered data fusion approach to improve airborne ASW capability in cluttered littoral regions. This program will develop a conceptual buoy design that incorporates both the acoustic sensor and the e-field sensor for tactical surveillance and classification of marine vessels. The design will include in- buoy signal processing algorithms for data fusion of the e-field and acoustic sensors to increase probability of detection. System performance metrics will be predicted through simulation.

Applied Thin Films, Inc.
1801 Maple Ave. Suite 5316
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 467-5236
Vikram Kaul
NAVY 09-020      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Enhanced CMC Performance Via Sealant Application
Abstract:High cost and poor environmental performance of CMCs are limiting their deployment in many defense applications. In particular, the JSF platform requires improved durability for a targeted CMC system which is already qualified and in production. Primary motivation for this Phase I effort is to reduce cost. CMCs, although known for their benefits of lightweight and better performance at elevated temperatures, their costs are relatively high compared to metallic counterparts. Cost reduction can be achieved through improved durability or reducing processing steps. Durability is a concern due to high temperature service and harsh environments. Degradation of these CMCs in humid/salt environments is of significant concern to the Navy and this need to be addressed urgently as JSF program advances toward production. In this Phase I project, a sealant application is being proposed to provide protection against pest oxidation at intermediate temperatures during service. The work will be conducted in close collaboration with a defense prime contractor along with other partners for mechanical testing, oxidation modeling, and material suppliers. Critical technical objectives to be addressed in this Phase I project include optimization of the CMC surfaces for better environmental performance and improved reliability along with potentially lowering cost.

KION defense Technologies Inc
1957A Pioneer Rd
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 682-2060
Frank Kuchinski
NAVY 09-020      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Low Cost, Self-Healing EBCs Based on Al- and Zr- Modified Polysilazanes
Abstract:Kion Defense Technologies, Inc. (KDT) has teamed with a composite producer and engine manufacturer to develop and demonstrate the effectiveness of a new Environmental Barrier Coating for SiC-based composites consisting of proven materials, but generated in a simple, lower cost manufacturing approach. KDT will employ its patented polysilazane resin manufacturing process to incorporate Al and Zr heteroatoms into its ceramic precursor (CERASETTM) resins to produce a multi-layer EBC consisting of a unique bond coat/topcoat system. This coating system will be compatible with the underlying composite, can function as a final cycle co-infiltrant in such a composite, and be applied with any simple coating methods, such as spray, dip, spin, or brush. Furthermore, it offers the ability for field repair of engine components on the aircraft.

Synterials, Inc
318 Victory Drive
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-9310
Alan Grieve
NAVY 09-020      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Environmentally Protective Coatings for Ceramic Matrix Composites
Abstract:In order to make ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) into a useful class of materials for fabricating aerospace structures, there are several key issues that need to be resolved. One of these issues concerns the performance of CMC at intermediate-high temperatures. Oxidation of the interface coating used to control the crack deflection properties and other serious issues related to the ingress of moisture can significantly impact the long-term reliability of CMCs. The goal of this program is to develop a low cost, easily applied two-part coating system to both reduce the open porosity and provide an effective oxidation barrier. A simple external sealant is unlikely to provide the long-term protection required for CMCs in operational use. There are a number of issues to be overcome in order for any coating system to be effective. This proposal identifies some of those issues and details an approach for overcoming them.

Advanced Coherent Technologies
4022 Liggett dr.
San Diego, CA 92106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 838-1218
Jon Schoonmaker
NAVY 09-021      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Littoral Zone Characterization Using Merged Multi-Spectral Visible Electro Optic (EO) and Infrared (IR) Imagery
Abstract:dvanced Coherent Technologies, LLC (ACT) proposes to leverage recent ONR projects investigating surf zone dynamics and current programs developing low cost EO/IR imaging systems to show the utility of using an airborne EO/MSI/IR sensor to characterize the near shore and surf zone environments. ACT will utilize recently collected coastal EO/MSI/IR data as well as new data collected by ACT’s new turreted MANTIS 4T sensor (EO/MSI/IR) to demonstrate this utility. The MANTIS 4T sensor is a relatively low cost system composed of zoom video, long wave infrared and 3 band (selectable) multispectral systems integrated into a five inch turret compatible with tier 2 UAV’s (STUAS). Characterization algorithms will be advanced and new algorithms will be developed. Initial consideration will focus on the ‘surf zone index’ developed initially during the ONR ROAR program. The algorithm will be extended to use fused EO/MSI/IR data rather than just MSI as originally published.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 413-0290
J. Williams
NAVY 09-021      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Enhancement of Littoral Zone Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) through Multi-Spectral and Infrared (IR) Image Processing
Abstract:Techniques to retrieve militarily relevant parameters of the nearshore region using panchromatic or single-channel electro-optical (EO) data have been demonstrated. However, airborne sensors are being developed and fielded that collect multi-spectral data and the present-day methods do not take advantage of the added information contained in the multi-channel data. In addition, EO systems are restricted to daylight operations; a limitation overcome by infrared (IR) systems. Therefore, under this Phase I effort, existing data of the littoral zone from multi-spectral and IR imagers will be used to study the improvements for bathymetry and current retrievals using multi-spectral and IR processing compared to results obtained using panchromatic, EO imagery. In addition, a state-of-the art ocean-imaging model will be exercised to determine the expected SNR from observing the ocean surface with a multi-spectral imaging system. The overall objective of this SBIR program is to develop algorithms that utilize multi-spectral and / or IR imagery for enhanced ISR products in the littoral zone.

Technical research Associates, Inc.
P.O. Box 15278
Honolulu, HI 96830
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 926-7179
Edwin Winter
NAVY 09-021      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Littoral Zone Characterization Using Merged Multi-Spectral Visible Electro Optic (EO) and Infrared (IR) Imagery
Abstract:Geopolitical changes over the last twenty years have led to significant changes in the type of warfare that the Navy and the Marines have been asked to undertake. The Navy is increasingly asked to operate in littoral regions, and even riverine areas, leading to new requirements for accurate knowledge of the near-shore bathymetry, bottom type, landing zone trafficability. We propose to investigate the use of existing Navy turret based sensors to supply the needed infrared and multi-spectral data for these missions. We will determine the basic requirements and the utility of several turret based sensors. Then we will determine the feasibility of processing the data with near-shore characterization algorithms. The goal is an operational capability for the navy to support military operations in the near shore and surf zone.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C. Reddy
NAVY 09-022      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Novel techniques for multipath mitigation for airborne Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers
Abstract:US Department of Defense is heavily dependent on the Global Positioning System (GPS) for geolocation, navigation, timekeeping and other military operations. Multipath due to the structure (platform on which the GPS receiver is mounted) scattering can degrade the accuracy of GPS measurements (code and carrier phase) by tens of centimeters. For an airborne platform, reflection or diffraction of the satellite signal from wings, tail, stabilizers or any other large appendage of the aircraft fuselage leads to signal multipath, and these multipath cause biases in code and carrier phase measurements. During this project, we propose to study the performance of two novel adaptive weighting algorithms in the presence of platform generated multipaths. The adaptive weighting algorithms are designed for GPS anti-jam antennas (CRPAs) to null the interfering signals without distorting the satellite signals. We will investigate the performance of the two weighting algorithms in simultaneous nulling of the interfering signals and mitigation of the platform generated multipath. The two weighting algorithms use the knowledge of the in situ antenna manifolds to minimize the distortion of the satellite signals. The sensitivity of the two algorithms to errors in antenna manifold will also be investigated. Our investigation will also include reduced size CRPAs whose foot print is limited to 5" in diameter.

Integrated Adaptive Applications, Inc
2506 NW 19th Way
Gainesville, FL 32605
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 378-7549
Yahui Zhu
NAVY 09-022      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Innovative Adaptive Algorithms for Multipath Mitigation and Interference Suppression for GPS Receivers
Abstract:The satellite-based GPS systems are vulnerable to intentional and unintentional interferences. Much work has been done on the development of anti-jam techniques using adaptive arrays for GPS receivers. Almost all of the anti-jam techniques proposed are based on the standard Capon beamformer or its robust variations. To improve the interference suppression performance of broadband jammers and to increase the number of narrowband jammers that can be suppressed, STAP and the related SFAP techniques have been used with beam forming/null steering. Multipath mitigation is another important challenge for GPS receivers. If the multipath time delays are small, the direct and the reflected paths are highly correlated and the multipath can affect the accuracy of the GPS receiver significantly. However, none of the aforementioned adaptive array techniques can work well when the desired signal is highly correlated with its multipath signals. The main objective of this program is to develop innovative techniques for the effective mitigation of multipath effects on airborne anti-jam GPS adaptive antennas. The secondary objective is to develop, test and deliver a software-based simulation capability that realistically simulates a GPS receiver equipped with a small anti-jam GPS antenna array operating in a multipath and interference environment.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C. Reddy
NAVY 09-023      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Assessing Electromagnetic Scattering Properties of Small Boats in Littoral Environments Using Hardware Accelerated Computing
Abstract:The goal of this effort is to provide electromagnetic scattering tools (radar cross section/RCS codes) for small boats in littoral and deep ocean environments. This goal is within the larger scope of developing electromagnetic (EM) modeling and simulation (EMMS) tools for large scale simulations as is the case with boats within their innate environment (a sizeable patch of the surrounding ocean). The major challenge is the numerical size of the problem at hand, and the difficulty of incorporating rough sea effects. Applied EM is proposing state of the art computational tools, incorporating full wave and hybrid techniques that exploit hardware accelerated algorithms. Our approach is to develop a toolset of hybrid (moment method-high frequency) methodologies that function on the latest general purpose graphical processing units (GPGPU) boasting computational speed of 4TeraFlops. This speed has the potential to carry out in core computations for large dense matrices modeling realistic structures by exploiting GPGPU’s parallel architecture. When combined with recent CPU speeds and memory growth, this approach can bring a paradigm change in computational EM (CEM) codes and their utility for design applications.

Tech-X Corporation
5621 Arapahoe Ave, Suite A
Boulder, CO 80303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 473-9286
Peter Messmer
NAVY 09-023      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:ACCESS - ACCelerator for Electromagnetic Scattering Simulations
Abstract:Determining the scattering properties of small boats on a rough sea surface is a problem of high importance to the Navy. The resulting simulations require large amounts of compute time and mechanisms are sought to accelerate them. The demand for highly realistic graphics has pushed graphics processing units (GPU) on video cards to the point where they easily outperform general purpose processors for floating-point operations. The goal of this project is to develop a GPU-based system to accelerate widely used electromagnetic modeling tools. During the Phase I, we will accelerate an out-of-core solver for linear equations on GPUs. We will test this implementation by comparing the results to a trusted simulation code. In addition, we will perform parallel scaling studies, develop a performance model and design a hardware configuration that will enable simulations of interest to the Navy within reasonable time. During the Phase I Option period, we will tune these prototypes and accelerate a parallel iterative solver on GPUs. The goal of the Phase II project is then to tune these algorithms and incorporate them into commercial electromagnetic simulation codes. We will also implement solvers with higher precision in order to accelerate simulations with demand for high accuracy.

Virtual EM Inc.
2019 Georgetown Blvd
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 222-4558
Tayfun Ozdemir
NAVY 09-023      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Hardware Acceleration of Method of Moments (MoM) for Large-Scale EM Scattering Computations
Abstract:Virtual EM is proposing to build a cluster utilizing a commercially available special purpose processor. The proposed system will offer a performance-to-price ratio, which is “five times” better than the leading commercial clusters. Using this cluster and Virtual EM’s 3D Method of Moments simulator, one will be able to accurately model small boats (including the surrounding patch of sea) within a reasonable simulation time and budget. The (performance-to-price) ratio will increase as the number of nodes in the cluster grows due to linear speed-up and the unit price dropping. Phase I will establish benchmarks using a one-node system, and a 10-node prototype cluster will be built in Phase II for modeling realistic targets.

Acentech Incorporated
33 Moulton Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 499-8068
David Bowen
NAVY 09-024      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Improved Close Air Support Effectiveness Through a Noise Cancellation Device
Abstract:The rejection of transient and broadband gunshot noise signals in the presence of speech has the problem that speech is also transient and broadband. Although adaptive filtering and/or matched filter rejection will have some application, additional characteristics that separate gunfire from speech are needed for optimal noise cancellation. This proposal is based on those two features – the difference in directions of gunfire and the talker relative to the handset microphone, and on the closer proximity of the talker relative to the sources of gunfire. These additional features are basic to the proposed approach that uses new, patented technology. This new technology, termed PrivacyFone, employs a small microphone array that emphasizes the talker’s voice signal by taking advantage of the fact that the array is in the near field (acoustic induction field) of the speech and not in the near field of the gunfire. The same array also rejects signals from directions associated with the gunfire. These features, basic to PrivacyFone, provide a way to discriminate against gunfire and enhance the speech signal. Any remnant of environmental noise that remains in the transmitted signal is then further rejected by an adaptive filtering scheme.

Li Creative Technologies
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0048
Peter Li
NAVY 09-024      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Improve Close Air Support (CAS) Effectiveness Through Noise Cancellation Device (NCD)
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to present a novel and promising solution for a noise cancellation device (NCD) that could be easily mounted on the top of military radio’s handsets used by the Joint Terminal Attach Controller/Forward Air Controller (JTAC/FAC) personnel and effectively filter out noise resulting from artillery fire and transmit voice only. To ensure the quality, the proposed device has three noise reduction and cancellation modules. The first one is a microphone array with adaptive beam-forming which utilizes the spatial domain information for noise reduction. The second one is a noise cancellation unit which utilizes the tempore domain information and adaptive filtering technology. The last one is an intelligent noise reduction system especially for military sound reduction which utilizes our speech recognition technology. Since the company has developed three microphone arrays products with noise reduction and cancellation, many of our existing technology, algorithms, software tools, and hardware platforms can be used to this project directly to ensure the success and quick deployment.

SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC.
13619 Valley Oak Circle
ROCKVILLE, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 505-2641
Chiman Kwan
NAVY 09-024      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:A Novel and High Performance Noise Cancellation Device for Battlefield Applications
Abstract:We propose a novel, high performance, and standalone system for improving close air support (CAS) effectiveness. First, we propose a standalone noise cancellation device (NCD) that can be inserted between the handset and the transceiver. As a result, there is no change to the existing communication system. The NCD is self-powered from its own battery and equipped with a microphone and a digital signal processing (DSP) chip to process the signals from the handset mic and the mic in the NCD. Second, in the NCD, we propose to apply blind source separation (BSS) algorithms to untangle speech from background noises. One BSS method is the Independent Component Analysis (ICA) and another method is known as Adaptive Decorrelation Filter (ADF). Our team has applied both ICA and ADF to various applications. Third, since there may still be residual noise after the BSS stage, we propose to apply a fast convergence adaptive filter to further eliminate the residual background noise. The particular adaptive filter was developed by this team some time ago and can at least double the speed of convergence as compared to a conventional adaptive scheme. The proposed algorithms will be implemented in DSP in Phase 2.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0148
Fritz Friedersdorf
NAVY 09-025      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:RFID Based Composite Smart Patches Using Direct Print Strain Sensors
Abstract:Composite patch repair systems have become increasingly relevant to modern military and commercial aviation for repairs of structural damage to aircraft surfaces and structures. A technique is needed to monitor the structural health of these composite patches to ensure structural integrity and safety of the repair without compromising structural performance of the patches. In order to monitor the boding state of the patches throughout their lifetime a method for embedding strain sensing elements directly onto the composite ply used in these patch repairs is sought. Luna, along with teeming partner Robocasting Enterprises LLC, proposes to develop a direct-write process for embedding strain sensors in composite repair patches using conductive inks. A RFID based transducer interface will also be developed and combined with these novel strain transducers to create a Smart Patch platform which enables maintainers to easily read and track the health of composite patch repairs on aircraft structures. Luna has developed extensive expertise in composites, embedded sensing, transducer development, conductive polymers, and integrated structural health monitoring (ISHM) and will leverage this experience to successfully develop the propose Smart Patch system.

MesoScribe Technologies, Inc.
25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 125
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 444-6455
Jason Trelewicz
NAVY 09-025      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Innovation in Strain Sensing and Damage Detection in Composite Repairs using Printed Gages
Abstract:Smart composite repair patches, capable of detecting static strain, is a coveted technology for enhancing the fidelity and cost-effectiveness of composite repairs. Direct Write thermal spray (DWTS) is proposed as an innovative approach for fabricating and embedding strain sensors within multifunctional composites. As a novel processing technology platform, DWTS enables low profile, fine feature patterns, such as strain gages, thermocouples, and crack sensors, to be deposited onto composite laminates and embedded within multilayered structures. These unique features render DWTS highly applicable to providing the necessary strain sensing capabilities for integration with composite repairs. The main objectives during the Phase I and Phase I option are to embed strain sensors within composite layups, and demonstrate their functionality and durability through performance testing. Complementary modeling efforts will focus on optimizing sensor integration with composites. Data acquisition and interrogation solutions will also be identified early-on in the technology development process to further drive the Technology Readiness Level beyond a TRL-5 by completion of the Phase II.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
NAVY 09-025      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Composite Strain Sensing Using Direct-Write Strain Gages(1001-345)
Abstract:In this Phase I program, Triton and its team members are proposing the development of a wireless technique for the health monitoring of composite repair panels as well as other composite structures. A wireless approach is much more compatible with the composite fabrication process, and greatly simplifies the interrogation of a fielded component. This technique can be used to monitor the integrity of a structural component, either manually during routine maintenance, or continually during operation.

Cognitics, Inc
4811 W Fenton
Boise, ID 83714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 919-4598
Kevin Bentley
NAVY 09-026      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Hyper-Elevation Modeling of Terrain, Topography, and Urban Environments
Abstract:Recent advances in technology have exposed enough computing power in easily available hardware that geometry synthesis algorithms that we were previously prohibitively compute-intensive are now a possibility. There is significant untapped potential in this area that has gone underutilized in existing simulation systems. Increasing the realism and accuracy of synthetic environments has become a priority, but current methods of simulating complex terrain features requires manual, labor-intensive systems to generate certain complex terrain features accurately. In this effort, Cognitics proposes to research and define new techniques, algorithms, and methods to simulate complex terrain features and urban environments, and use these techniques to extend existing real-time simulation systems to make them capable of real-time modeling, integration, and interaction with complex terrain features. Cognitics has proven experience working with and developing software for the storage and analysis of geospatial data, computational geometry and 3D visualization systems. Notably, the Principal Investigator for this proposal, Kevin Bentley, is the software architect that designed the Master Database (MDB), currently used by SE Core. In this effort, Cognitics will partner with CAE to enhance the Run Time Publisher (RTP) system allowing it to provide complex terrain models in real-time.

Diamond Visionics LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-8526
Timothy Woodard
NAVY 09-026      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Hyper-Elevation Modeling of Terrain, Topography, and Urban Environments
Abstract:Image Generation systems today currently can not easily represent Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) with unique but important topographical features such as tunnels, overhangs, multi-level highways, etc. These types of features must be hand-crafted in an off-line process with the final static implementation loaded at run-time. All abstract information defining the feature as well as scalability is lost with this approach. In this SBIR, we propose a new approach where the abstraction of this feature data is preserved by creating the scene directly from the abstraction data itself. We will load this topographical feature source data during run-time along with the other source data directly to the scene. This underlying scene will be updated to allow dynamic interaction with these features during a training simulation exercise. We will use an XML-based approach to assemble various types of feature data that is loaded upon at run-time. This XML-based approach will be extended to support the existing military database re-use initiatives, such as NPSI, MSB, CDB and SE Core. This approach allows topographical feature source data to be changed and then re-visualized with no intermediate processing steps.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jing Zhao
NAVY 09-027      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Underwater Vertical Electric Field Detection
Abstract:Underwater electric field detection in the vertical (Z-component) direction is becoming more important in anti-submarine warfare (ASW) to detect and classify marine vessels in addition to the horizontal (X and Y component) plane. Leveraging on our extensive experience on photonic approaches for electric field sensing and RF photonics, AGILTRON proposes to realize a feasible class of vertical electric field detectors under water using Brag gratings, PZT electronic optical materials and other WDM technology. This sensor is passive and compact with a meter-size antenna. Because of the intrinsic electromagnetic immunity of optical fiber, the detected signal can be sent to a distanced center processing terminal insulated from the static electric and electromagnetic fields. In the proposed sensor, the DC and extremely low frequency electromagnetic (ELFE) signals are converted into AC signals. So the sensitivity of the DC and ELFE signals can be improved in this sensor by avoiding 1/f noise. In the Phase I program, we will build a model to simulate the performance of the proposed sensor. At same time, a prototype will be set up to demonstrate its functionality in detecting electric fields. Then a design with its preliminary performance based on ASW requirements will be presented for the Phase II Program.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-2770
Michael Larsen
NAVY 09-027      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Underwater Vertical Electric Field Detection
Abstract:Information System Laboratories, Inc. (ISL) proposes to team with ERAPSCO, a joint venture of USSI and Sparton, the world''''s leading sonobuoy manufacturers, to develop a low-cost underwater E-field sensor capable of collecting all electric field signals emanating from submarines. In particular, a sensor capable of measuring the vertical component of the field in addition to the horizontal components will be developed. This will enable exploitation of all low-frequency electric field signals emitted by submarines and offers new detection modalities that will facilitate vessel classification, discrimination from surface vessel track, and data fusion with acoustic sensors. Data will be collected in Phase I for various floating and on-bottom configurations to validate sensor and noise models and will be used to determine the optimal aperture size and electrode location and make recommendations for an engineering prototype of a compact low-cost three-axis electric field sensor. This information will be used in Phase II to develop and test a prototype sensor with the support of ERAPSCO.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 228-1704
Robert Dickey
NAVY 09-027      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Underwater Vertical Electric Field Detection
Abstract:Acoustic sensing based sonobuoys are used in surveillance for detection and classification of marine vessels. However, there are situations, particularly in littoral environments, where the efficacy of acoustic sensors can be significantly compromised. In these instances, supplementary sensing techniques can provide performance enhancement. Passive electric field (E-field) sensors have the potential to provide useful information for tactical surveillance and classification of marine vessels, but current marine E-field sensors collect only horizontal E-field measurements. A sonobuoy capable of collecting vertical E-field in addition to horizontal components would enable exploitation of all E-field signals emanating from a submerged vessel. QUASAR Federal Systems proposes to develop an innovative underwater E-field sensor appropriate for collecting vertical E-field measurements over a large effective aperture that can be integrated with sensors that measure the horizontal E-field components. The vertical E-field sensor will be a low-cost design suitable for scale-up to mass production. The E-field sensors developed in the present program will be integrated into a standard sonobuoy in Phase II in collaboration with Ultra Electronics Undersea Sensor Systems Inc. (Ultra-USSI). We will also partner with Applied Signal Technology in the present effort to develop algorithms to model the proposed sensor and predict the resulting performance.

Precision Photonics Corporation
3180 Sterling Circle
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 444-9948
Dale Ness
NAVY 09-028      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Optical Coatings for Deep Concave Surface
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR topic is to develop methods to apply robust, high operating temperature anti-reflective coatings, over the wavelength range 3 to 5 microns, to the inside of deep concave surfaces, including a tangent ogive infrared dome. In Phase 1 we will develop methods which control the coating thickness across the interior surface of the dome such that the coating performance is optimized over a wide range of look angles for an IR seeker positioned inside the dome itself. We propose to solve the thickness control challenges by using shadow masking techniques to control uniformity, coupled with 3 dimensional mathematical modeling to predict deterministically the shape of the shadow mask. This approach will save considerable time and expense. We will use Ion Beam Sputtering (IBS) technology to deposit the Anti-Reflective coating on the interior of the dome, (in Phase 1 option and in Phase 2), thereby gaining the benefits of the high energy IBS deposition process. Those benefits include: Amorphous film structure, near bulk density, improved film adhesion, automated deposition process, and environmental stability.

Rugate Technologies, Incorporated
353 Christian Street
Oxford, CT 06478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 267-3154
Thomas Rahmlow
NAVY 09-028      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Optical Coatings for Deep Concave Surface
Abstract:Anti-reflection coating of ogive shaped optics presents a number of technical challenges. The principle challenge is obtaining a uniform high transmission coating on a strongly curved surface. The coating must perform well over a wide range of angles. If the optic is exposed to ambient conditions, it must be resistant to rain and dust impact, as well as rapid changes in temperature. The proposed process is a cylindrical magnetron sputtering source to produce a gradient index anti-reflection film. Efforts in Phase 1 will include the demonstration of high performance anti-reflection film on cylindrical and ogive shaped optics in the mid-IR spectral region.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
NAVY 09-028      Awarded: 3/23/2009
Title:Optical Coatings for Deep Concave Surface
Abstract:Current IR domes utilize hemispherical shapes because they introduce minimal optical distortion and are relatively easy to fabricate. Future missile systems will use domes with more aerodynamic shapes to reduce drag , increase range and decrease aerodynamic heating. Technologies to produce dome blanks of suitable materials, and subsequently fabricated them into aerodynamic shapes with appropriate optical tolerances are being developed. Once such domes are available, they will require anti-reflection (AR) coatings to achieve desired levels of transmission. The exterior surface missile domes are subject to extreme environmental loading during captive carry and high speed flight. For this reason, the preferred configuration is to leave the exterior surface of the dome bare, applying an AR coating only to the interior surface. However, the desired aerodynamic domes have geometries that are difficult to coat using conventional coating processes. Surmet has developed a proprietary coating process which is routinely used to conformally apply coatings to substrates with complicated geometries. This same process has been used to apply AR coatings to a variety of substrates which are similar to the polycrystalline alumina material of interest to this program. Surmet proposes to use this coating technology to apply AR coatings to aerodynamic shapes.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Pulsed Laser Holographic Tomography Velocity Sensor System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for an innovative approach to measure three-component airflow velocity in the vicinity of a full-scale helicopter, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Pulsed Laser Holographic Tomography Velocity Sensor (PLAHTOV) system. The proposed system is based on high-speed, time-sampled full-field double-pulsed laser holographic recording and tomography interferogram processing to generate the instantaneous 3D flow field velocity data. The innovation in the use of double-pulsed laser holographic tomography with the novel use of high-speed real-time holographic recording system will enable the PLAHTOV to measure the three-component airflow velocities of very large flow field. As a result, this sensor system offers high precision data over a continuous full-filed large flow volume without electromagnetic interference (EMI) or intrusion by sensing elements, with high spatial/temporal resolution (2 cm/5 kHz), which directly address the Navy PMA-275 and V-22 Joint Program Office requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of PLAHTOV measurement system by system design, performance analysis, and laboratory experiments leading to a demonstration prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and build a full-scale prototype system to measure the downwash in the vicinity of a helicopter hovering near a vertical face.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gary Mikaelian
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Self-Mixing Laser Anemometer
Abstract:To address the Navy need, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an innovative Self-Mixing Laser Anemometer (SMILA). This proposed system is based on intensity variation due to self-mixing interference in a diode laser cavity. The innovation in assembling three diode lasers in a specific geometry enables SMILA to measure three- component airflow velocity regardless of the relative angle between the laser and the direction of airflow. SMILA uses several individual flow velocity measurement modules mounted on a mast at two different locations away from the volume of interest. Each module measures three-component velocities within a wind cell volume of 200 ft x 160 ft x 2 ft. Consequently, the SMILA system will be capable of concurrently measuring three- component airflow velocities throughout the entire volume of interest (400 ft x 160 ft x 40 ft) with spatial and frequency resolutions of 2 ft and 20 Hz, respectively. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the SMILA system with one velocity measuring module to measure three-component velocities of airflow in a laboratory. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a shipboard-deployable SMILA prototype to be installed and tested in a Navy ship or similar platform recommended by the Navy.

Science and Engineering Services, Inc.
6992 Columbia Gateway Drive Suite 200
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 539-3102
Anand Radhakrishnan
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:V-22 Three-Dimensional (3D) Downwash Measurement
Abstract:Science and Engineering Services. Inc. (SESI) proposes to develop an Aerosol Lidar Velocimeter (ALV) to obtain concurrent three-component wind velocity measurements in the downwash of a rotorcraft operating in shipboard environments. We propose to use a multi-beam lidar system to obtain aerosol backscatter data from the flowfield and to develop a time-lag cross-correlation algorithm to extract three-component velocity measurements. In Phase I, a breadboard prototype will be designed and built to demonstrate proof-of-concept of obtaining velocity measurements from a representative flowfield and the results will be validated using sonic and cup-and-vane anemometers. This breadboard will be used to benchmark the system requirements for the design of an ALV prototype that, in Phase II, will be built and tested on a land-based full-scale test bed, with a helicopter hovering near a vertical face, subject to availability of aircraft. These measurements will be validated by comparing with anemometers and existing test data, along with computational predictions.

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 272-1323
David Hovde
NAVY 09-029      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:V-22 Three-Dimensional (3D) Downwash Measurement
Abstract:The Navy requires measurements of the wake field of helicopters in the vicinity of carrier ships to determine the safe operating envelope for the V-22 and to verify the accuracy of models obtained by computational fluid dynamics. This Phase I SBIR project will examine the feasibility of a laser-based remote sensing technique for recording three dimensional wind fields with high spatial and temporal resolution. A laser beam shines across the flight deck, where some of the light scatters from aerosol particles in the air to a group of at least three optical detectors placed around the measurement region. The motion of the particles encodes information about the wind velocity as a change in frequency of the scattered light. An innovative optical filter converts the frequency information into a signal that is proportional to velocity. The optical filter is simple, inexpensive, and has a wide acceptance angle, permitting the use of fast optics to collect the most light possible. The high signal to noise ratio obtained by this technique allows measurements from stand-off distances of over twenty meters using low-power lasers. Other system features include low electrical power and compact transmitter and receiver assemblies that should facilitate onboard tests.

C2 Technology, Inc.
1950 Stonewood Dr
Beavercreek, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-1198
Garrth Cooke
NAVY 09-030      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Prevention of Corrosion for Navy Aviation
Abstract:Development of the Patrol Aircraft Monitoring System will provide the ability to develop an individual aircraft corrosion tracking and repair schema that will utilize the results from the most recent aircraft inspections, predictive algorithms, and effective graphical interfaces to determine the most effective maintenance activities for an individual aircraft based on inspection results (corrosion damage, its severity and location) and the likelihood of future corrosion damage considering likely basing, deployments, and operational requirements.

GCAS Incorporated
1531 Grand Avenue
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Scott Woodson
NAVY 09-030      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Prevention of Corrosion for Navy Aviation
Abstract:There is a tremendous need to identify and optimize the factors that affect human performance in maintenance and inspection. Innovative solutions that highlight and track corrosion issues are required in order to enhance the maintainer’s ability in the prevention, inspection, removal and treatment of corrosion and information management. This proposal describes an approach utilizing Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Statistical methods that the authors have successfully utilized in predicting the deterioration of Navy ship tank and void services and Army/ Marine Corp wheeled vehicles. In addition, the methods we created for aircraft inspection and data mining of the resulting depot level scoring, induction inspections and maintenance for the Navy and Air Force will also be used in the development of an Aircraft Corrosion Prediction and Simulation software tool. This tool will predict and display the corrosion hotspots on the aircraft as they evolve. The proposed technology should result in substantial decreases in maintenance costs associated with detecting, repairing, and tracking corrosive areas.

Management Sciences, Inc.
6022 Constitution Avenue NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 255-8611
Carl Stern
NAVY 09-030      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Prevention of Corrosion for Navy Aviation
Abstract:Management Sciences, Inc. scientists have developed Cognitive Bayesian Information Exploitation (CBNX), a revolutionary set of algorithms that apply context frames as filters to learn causal relationships needed to understand and exploit the meaning of data. We have applied the CBNX toolset to develop real time situation awareness of the health of aircraft engines, forest fires, and intelligent management of platform electrical power systems. We propose new research and development that will exploit the toolset to develop automated an automated toolset with predictive algorithms and data mining techniques to determine optimal maintenance actions incorporating level, severity, and frequency of corrosion events by aircraft. This new research will apply the toolset to provide automated intelligence data fusion at level 3 “understanding” and expand this to provide stochastic predictive intelligence algorithms for statistically accurate and timely corrosion situation awareness that continually improves.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick Piasecki
NAVY 09-031      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Advanced Design Concepts for High Performance Helicopter Masts
Abstract:Piasecki Aircraft Corporation (PiAC) proposes to develop an innovative approach to substantially upgrade helicopter main rotor shaft designs, materials, and manufacturing processes. A number of design concepts will be addressed and a matrix of coating materials and application methods selected for further examination. A systems engineering analysis on plating material and the application process will be conducted addressing field problems, maintenance requirements, and the dynamic characteristics of the entire drive system, with a design criteria document resulting. With the design criteria established, PiAC will examine the candidate material systems and coating processes in conjunction with an appropriate morphology matrix, leading to the selection of a plating process that will provide at least equivalent performance with today’s cadmium-based coatings, along with durability and reliability improvements. Static and dynamic analysis of the shaft with the selected experimental coating will be conducted and a qualification test plan for Phase II developed. During the Option Phase, PiAC will update and release the design package, develop the statement of work (SOW) and identify the raw material/specimen and coating/application tools to support the Phase II fabrication and test program.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
NAVY 09-031      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Improving the Performance of Navy Helicopter Masts by Using Corrosion-Resistant, Ultra-High-Strength Steel
Abstract:QuesTek will evaluate the feasibility of using Ferrium S53® as the main rotor shaft mast material in Navy helicopters to eliminate the need for toxic cadmium plating, reduce weight and increase toughness (durability), fatigue resistance, general corrosion resistance and SCC resistance. The alloys currently used for Navy helicopter masts (such as 4340 or 9310) provide high strength but offer limited corrosion resistance, and are typically coated (and re-coated during overhaul) with toxic cadmium plating. S53 is a new ultra-high- strength, corrosion-resistant steel developed by QuesTek with its proprietary Materials by Design® development process. S53 is commercially available from two U.S.-based suppliers and has received industry certifications, including SAE (AMS5922) and MMPDS approvals. In applying S53 to rotorshaft masts, QuesTek will specifically investigate processes to harden the surface of S53 shafts above 54 Rockwell C, to accommodate gears, splines, bearings and other hard contact points. QuesTek will also develop additional design data to describe the frictional characteristics of S53 (such as galling and fretting data) to facilitate the design of the contact point and power transmission portions of the rotor shaft mast. The project will also assess the ability of S53 to meet its expected environmental exposure design requirements.

Woodbine Labs, Inc.
10624 Kenridge Dr.
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 891-8792
Richard Ravenhall
NAVY 09-031      Awarded: 4/20/2009
Title:Advanced Design Concepts for High Performance Helicopter Masts
Abstract:This proposal is for development of novel concepts and technology for design and processing of enhanced performance titanium matrix composite (TMC) helicopter masts. Such masts will be capable of drop-in replacement, be highly resistant to corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, have high fatigue capability, be lighter weight, have capability for higher operational requirements, and be affordable. In one concept, the mast consists of a titanium planetary end and a TMC body that extends into a titanium region joining with the rotor/blade housing. In another, the mast consists of a titanium planetary end, a TMC body, a short monolithic titanium zone, a bimetal joint section and a nickel-alloy or steel spline end. Others expand on these. The proposed effort builds on TMC aircraft-engine shaft development/demonstrations and extends this for payoff on helicopter masts. The use of corrosion resistant high strength, high stiffness, TMC architectures and possibly advanced bimetal joining offers the potential for enhanced performance masts. The proposed program will accomplish system designs, trade studies, subelement fabrication/technical experiments and establish feasibility of potential mast designs. Phase II will build and test helicopter mast prototypes to verify manufacturing feasibility and perform static testing to demonstrate functional properties.

Beehive Engineering Systems, LLC
105 Irving Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 833-1421
Allen Razdow
NAVY 09-032      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Innovative Approach to Build and Maintain an Analysis Management System Infrastructure
Abstract:Inability to track design intent, and the flow of parameters across the multiplicity of modeling tools used in engineering, is a significant problem in fleet maintenance, and engineering in general. Beehive will apply its expertise in engineering knowledge management, and proprietary technology for representation and management of engineering measurements and metadata to this problem. Phase I will develop and demonstrate feasibility of metadata models for intent and parameter data flow using the Beehive framework and a companion document store such as SharePoint. User interfaces achieving automatic capture of parametric information will be designed and demonstrated. The Option project will prototype a database implementation of the intended system using one calculation tool to show feasibility of the system''''s interfaces to external tools.

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 652-3190
VC Ramesh
NAVY 09-032      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Computational Analysis Management System Infrastructure
Abstract:A computational analysis management system (CAMS) is different from typical content management systems (CMS)in that a CAMS provides much more in-depth meta-data relating numbers-based documents with each other. Such meta-data should address questions such as who created this document and why; how is this document related to this other document; and so on. Documents in question are generated by analysis tools and hence what we seek are design/application intent to be revealed through automatic tag generation and management. We propose a CAMS infrastructure that addresses these issues.

Fiber Materials, Inc.
5 Morin Street
Biddeford, ME 04005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 282-5911
Benjamin Dwyer
NAVY 09-033      Awarded: 6/4/2009
Title:Nanoporous Thermal Barrier Coatings for Aircraft Structural Surfaces
Abstract:The need exists for a low-density and low-conductivity spray-in-place thermal barrier coating for application to aluminum and composite aircraft surfaces. Fiber Materials, Inc. (FMI®) has a family of commercial thermal barrier systems, designated FlexFram™, which are TRL9/MRL10 Navy-qualified thermal barrier coatings originally developed for protection of ship surfaces from rocket motor blasts of missile launching systems. The objective of this program is to utilize FMI’s Navy-qualified sprayable FlexFram 605 and modify its constituents to achieve the thermal barrier coating specifications desired for this application. Specifically, it is FMI’s goal for the Phase I effort to create a formulation of FlexFram that meets the desired density and thermal requirements, and assess the feasibility of spray application.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Vince Baranauskas
NAVY 09-033      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Spray Depositable High Temperature Nanoporous Polyorganosiloxane Nanocomposite Thermal Barrier Coatings for Aircraft Structural Surfaces
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop spray depositable, environmentally durable nanoporous polyorganosiloxane nanocomposite thermal barrier coatings for protecting aircraft structures from temperatures > 500 oF. The proposed coating technology will serve as a replacement for MIL-PRF-85285 paints and maintain compatibility with MIL-PRF-23377 / MIL-PRF-85582 primers. To meet this challenge, NanoSonic will synergistically combine the low temperature flexibility and environmental durability of its pioneering high temperature hybrid polysiloxane copolymers with the hardness and thermal stability of reinforcing silsesquioxane nanoparticles to afford novel lightweight nanoporous coatings with thermal conductivities < 25 mW/m.K, bulk coating densities < 200 kg/m3 and mechanical durability within aerospace environments. Additionally, NanoSonic’s hybrid polysiloxane coatings will be tailored for spray deposition and curing at room temperature, thermal stabilities > 800 oF and strong adhesion to a broad spectrum of metallic and composite aircraft structures. Importantly, the proposed research effort will build from related high temperature, spray depositable high temperature hybrid polysiloxane coatings developed by NanoSonic that have demonstrated thermal stabilities > 750 oF, exceptional flame resistance per ASTM E 1354, elastomeric resilience and rigorous abrasion resistance.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Aron Newman
NAVY 09-033      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Aerogel Composite Thermal Barrier Coating
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a composite spray-in-place thermal barrier coating system for military aircraft aluminum and plexiglass structural surfaces. This aerogel-polyurea based composite coating system will possess a thermal conductivity of less than 25 mW/m-K at 205oC, have a density of less than 200 kg/m3, and will be capable of protecting the surface from heating by moderate-temperature air up to 260oC. In the Phase I, an aerogel-polyurea coating system formulation will be developed and the thermal conductivity, shrinkage, and mechanical properties will be evaluated. Coating formulation and spray coating equipment will be developed and field test of this coating system will be performed in the Phase II.

Accipiter Systems, Inc.
412 Fox Meadow Drive
Wexford, PA 15090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 933-8895
David Drury
NAVY 09-034      Awarded: 5/8/2009
Title:High-Speed, Low- Power, Highly Integrated, Wide Wavelength Range Tunable Laser for Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) Networks
Abstract:Dense Wave Division Multiplexing (DWDM) optical networks are seen as a leading candidate for data avionic systems communication link needs. Optical burst mode switching uses wavelength addressing, replacing electronic switching. In this project we propose to develop a hybrid burst mode transmitter, able to support at minimum 32 wavelengths and switching between wavelength in 1 nanosecond or less, as an important step toward an ultimate goal of developing an integrated burst mode transceiver.

Aurrion LLC
3914 Via Lucero, Unit G
Santa Barbara, CA 93110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 455-6166
Gregory Fish
NAVY 09-034      Awarded: 5/6/2009
Title:Tunable Silicon Transmitter for Wide Wavelength Range Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) Avionic Networks
Abstract:The goal of this project is to design a widely tunable silicon transmitter for fiber optic communications for avionic applications. By utilizing a silicon photonics platform pioneered at the University of California at Santa Barbara and now developed further at Aurrion LLC, we are able to combine micro-ring resonators fabricated in silicon in conjunction with III-V gain and modulation elements to create a tunable transmitter that can span the entire gain spectrum of a given quantum well structure. In addition, by quantum well intermixing (QWI) in select areas of the III-V material the gain peak can be shifted to provide a bank of 3 to 4 tunable lasers that cover a 100 nm spectral range and to create electro absorption modulators on a single substrate. Aurrion has experience in fabricating lasers, SOA amplifiers, and photo detectors in partnership with high volume Si foundries (Intel) so that these components can be fabricated at greatly reduced cost on a high volume CMOS line. The cost reductions possible with this approach could revolutionize optoelectronics and provide innovative photonic components that cannot be realized with existing stand alone III-V or Si photonic technology.

Freedom Photonics LLC
615 A State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Jonathon Barton
NAVY 09-034      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:High-Speed and Low- Power Widely Tunable Laser for WDM Networks
Abstract:Increasingly sophisticated sensors and video links are being deployed on aircraft which is driving the need for Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) optical backbones to support high bandwidth communications. We propose a novel, compact and very fast tuned tunable laser able to survive harsh environmental aerospace conditions.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joshua Sole
NAVY 09-035      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Sub-zero Temperature, Small Form Factor, CO Oxidation Reactor for Decontamination of Pilot''s Oxygen
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Navy’s desire for CO mitigation in the breathing oxygen supplied to aviators. The current onboard oxygen generation system (OBOGS) is ineffective at removing CO from the pilot’s oxygen supply during the take-off procession when the OBOGS is operating at low pressure and ingesting significant amounts of CO from the exhaust of other aircraft. Mainstream believes that the best solution is one that has virtually zero impact on the fluid dynamics of the existing OBOGS. Some CO removal methods require substantial pressure differentials to operate and would require a complete redesign of the OBOGS. Therefore, Mainstream believes that a low-pressure- drop CO oxidation reactor (COOR) that catalytically converts CO to CO2 is the most practical solution. Mainstream has already identified a catalyst that can achieve 100% CO oxidation at temperatures as low as -50°C (-58°F) and will demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed catalyst in Phase I. Mainstream proposes to deposit the catalyst on a polymeric foam that will be the heart of the COOR unit. The COOR is approximately 1.25” in diameter and 4” long and can oxidize all of the CO ingested by the OBOGS prior to its reaching the pilot’s mask.

METSS Corporation
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Robert Kroshefsky
NAVY 09-035      Awarded: 4/27/2009
Title:Elimination of Carbon Monoxide From Pilot’s Breathing Oxygen
Abstract:Naval aviators have a unique problem in that the necessary close proximity of aircraft on a flight deck can lead to high levels of carbon monoxide (CO) in the oxygen supplied by an on-board oxygen generator system (OBOGS). At levels above 100 ppm, the performance of a flight crew can be seriously impaired by CO. Under the proposed Phase I SBIR program, METSS intends to utilize newly developed catalytic technology to quantitatively oxidize any CO in the oxygen supply. The catalyst has already been proven in earlier work and is being commercialized in a few, unique civilian applications. This approach will involve commercial industrial support and thus, if fully successful, provide an effective path to provide the product to the Navy.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Gokhan Alptekin
NAVY 09-035      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:A Compact CO Oxidation System
Abstract:Navy aircraft is equipped with an On-Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS) to supply the pilot and the crew with supplemental oxygen for high altitude operation. However, Navy aircraft are usually closely spaced while waiting for take-off from aircraft carriers, and the jet engine exhaust contaminates the bleed air used to supply oxygen to the pilot and crew. Among the contaminants in the engine exhaust carbon monoxide (CO) is particularly troublesome, and can be present in the OBOGS oxygen supply at concentrations as high as 120 ppmv. TDA Research Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a compact CO oxidation system to be integrated with the OBOGS to eliminate any CO contamination in the OBOGS output. In Phase I, TDA will synthesize and screen several of highly active and durable catalysts for CO oxidation. Using the best catalyst formulation, we will evaluate the durability and long-term activity, testing for a minimum of 400 hrs. Based on the experimental results, we will carry out a detailed design of the catalytic CO oxidation module and generate 3D layouts and engineering drawings to serve as a basis for detailed engineering analysis. In the Option Phase, based on the gas analysis data provided for the OBOGS product, we will evaluate the performance of our catalyst in the presence of potential contaminants (such as SOx, NOx and ozone).

APIC Corporation
5800 Uplander Way
Culver City, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 642-7975
Koichi Sayano
NAVY 09-036      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Add/Drop WDM Avionics Network
Abstract:APIC Corporation, with Telcordia Technologies, will develop and investigate architectures for reconfigurable add/drop mesh networks for avionics with emphasis on connectivity and restorability after node failures. Compact, integrated photonic and electronic transmitter and receiver components being developed by APIC will be used to the extent possible.

Freedom Photonics LLC
615 A State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 893-5707
Milan Mashanovitch
NAVY 09-036      Awarded: 5/5/2009
Title:Innovative WDM Mesh Micro-network Connection for Avionics Networks
Abstract:We propose a reconfigurable Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) optical node suitable for mesh network connection and capable of providing fast switching speeds, bandwidth-to-weight ratio, with high connectivity, reliability and survivability.

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 420-3486
Charlie Kuznia
NAVY 09-036      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Mesh Network Building Block
Abstract:Single-mode Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexed (DWDM) optical networks are emerging as a leading solution for data communication links in avionic systems. These DWDM networks provide the promise of upgrade capability to hundreds of independent wavelengths over the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) C-band, L-band, and possibly X-band or beyond, each capable of carrying an independent application. One key element for these optical links is a seamless backbone connection which combines a high degree of optical functionality transparency (eliminate or minimize Optical–Electrical- Optical conversions) for signal routing on and off the backbone network and possibly to generate and receive those signals within the backbone network. This proposal marries four key entities coming together to study and solve this problem (1) network simulation expertise, (2) system integrator expertise, (3) fiber-optic hardware/software expertise and (4) fiber-optic integration expertise.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ryan Marotz
NAVY 09-037      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Synapse
Abstract:The Joint Mission Planning System (JMPS) is a software tool used to develop weapons- data load inputs and route plans prior to sortie execution; however, JMPS is notably lacking in real-time, multi-user collaboration features that allow pilots and other planners to better optimize mission plans. To provide reliable collaboration, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes Synapse, a network-aware collaboration component for JMPS, which will enable geographically separated users to exchange mission information in a real-time, bandwidth efficient manner. Synapse will decrease the Navy''''''''s the time- to-plan and increase sortie rates, thus optimizing air group performance and increasing warfighter effectiveness. Synapse will be designed as a software plug-in product that integrates seamlessly into existing and future JMPS software releases.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Bob Hoeft
NAVY 09-037      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Real-Time, Bandwidth Optimized Collaboration Mission Planning Infrastructure
Abstract:Progeny Systems Corporation will design a Network Centric Transactional Collaboration Framework which focuses on change detection for existing JMPS-N data transactions, layered on top of communication layers for efficiently sharing these transactions with JMPS-N instances at geographically disperse locations – potentially over constrained networks. The intent of this effort is to have minimal impact on the existing JMPS architecture and data structures. Our goal is to develop context-aware plug-ins for specific data types. Each plug-in contains enough knowledge of the supported data type to enable change detection and integration at each collaboration endpoint. Progeny will assess the structure and format of specific JMPS-N data types, prioritized by the customer, to validate their applicability to be supported by this framework – as well as design the specific mechanisms (key attributes, unique mission plan identifiers) which would be used to enable transactional collaboration of those data.

Rep Invariant Systems, Inc.
23 Upland Rd. #2
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 233-6109
Jeremy Brown
NAVY 09-037      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Real-Time, Bandwidth Optimized Collaboration Mission Planning Infrastructure
Abstract:The Joint Mission Planning Software (JMPS) is aviator planning software used by the US Navy (among other forces) to plan aerial missions. Current versions of JMPS do not support multi-operator, multi-client collaborative mission development. In this proposal, Rep Invariant Systems presents a high-level technical approach for adding collaborative mission development capability to JMPS, thus creating a Collaboration-Enabled JMPS (CEJMPS) system. In a Phase I effort, we propose to revise, refine, and detail this strategy, ensuring that each element is feasible in practice. In a Phase I Option effort, we propose to prototype key elements of the strategy, and begin additional human factors evaluations. In our approach, we pay particular attention to the need to collaborate over low-bandwidth networks, without reliable access to centralized services on the Global Information Grid. We also pay careful attention to the need to address human factors when adding additional capabilities to JMPS.

5-D Systems Inc.
1 Chisholm Trail, Suite 3200
Round Rock, TX 78664
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 238-9840
Steve Fendley
NAVY 09-038      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Unmanned Operation of Fly-by-wire Testbed Aircraft
Abstract:This project will evaluate the feasibility of developing a system to convert an existing, manned, non-mechanical, fly-by-wire (FBW) aircraft into a remotely-controlled, optionally- piloted vehicle (OPV). The capability to implement high-performance, tactical-envelope military aircraft as remotely-controlled testbeds is a critical capability for the military to enable low-risk development and operational testing of avionics and weapons systems in a safe, yet realistic manner. 5-D Systems’ (5-D) approach is to supplement the aircraft’s FBW flight control system with a high-level control capability that mimics the pilot’s inputs while the aircraft’s FBW system handles lower level control and actual movement of the control effectors and surfaces. This approach results in a fully-capable OPV system because there will be no impact to manned operation, no software modification to the existing system, and limited OPV-specific airborne components, thereby providing an innovative, low cost solution to FBW OPV development. By combining 5-D’s experience in developing OPV systems and Gauss Management Research and Engineering’s (GMRE) F- 16 and FBW-specific design/support knowledge, 5-D plans to confirm the system feasibility by developing a preliminary design that converts an existing FBW aircraft into an effective OPV to meet the Navy requirement for safe and realistic avionics and weapon system testing.

AeroMech Engineering, Inc.
888 Ricardo Ct
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 503-4304
Robert Miller
NAVY 09-038      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Unmanned Operation of Fly-by-wire Testbed Aircraft
Abstract:Optionally piloted tactical testbed aircraft could enable high risk weapons flight tests. Fly- by-wire aircraft like the F-16, F/A-18, and F-117 offer the best retrofit conversion candidates. A FlexRay based vehicle management system will provide a low cost, frame synchronous, redundant, and highly reliable interface to the existing digital flight control system. An intelligent, learning flight control law module will allow greater flexibility, adaptability and reliability than traditional classic control schemes. The SharkFin ground control station (GCS) will provide a next generation user interface that is uniquely tailored to optionally-piloted vehicle operations. SharkFin is the state-of-the-art: this real-time, many-on-many, intuitive, STANAG 4586 compliant UAV control system will be modified for OPV operation, enabling operators with minimal training to take full advantage of the aircraft’s autonomous capabilities.

Calspan Corporation
4455 Genesee St P.O. Box 400
Buffalo, NY 14225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 631-6962
Eric Ohmit
NAVY 09-038      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Unmanned Operation of Fly-by-wire Testbed Aircraft
Abstract:This program will apply Calspan’s innovative methods to develop a low cost architecture and system to create an Optionally Piloted Vehicle (OPV) from a previously manned Fly- by-Wire (FBW) fighter aircraft. This OPV’s primary use will be as a test bed in support of the Navy for the development of avionics, weapon and advanced seeker systems. This OPV could be used in an unmanned mode to flight test systems which have not yet been ‘man-rated’ without placing the pilot at risk. The innovative method which Calspan will employ on this project allows the remote control of a FBW aircraft without the modification of the legacy flight control system. The system identified will utilize a basic ground control station, coupled with a spread spectrum datalink and video downlink, and an on aircraft interface to the legacy flight control system to allow the remote control of a previously manned FBW aircraft. Tradeoffs for system redundancy, complexity, ruggedization and safety will be made to establish the lowest cost approach to create the OPV. An approach to creating a system for a Phase 2 flight demonstration is also identified.

Applied Optical Systems, Inc.
1700 Capital Avenue, Suite 50
Plano, TX 75074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(903) 561-6011
Richard Laughlin
NAVY 09-039      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Multichannel Fiber Optic Package Interface for Avionics
Abstract:Applied Optical Systems (AOS) has a design concept for a family of “DENSE-HIGH TEMP FIBER INTERFACE” fiber feed-throughs, compatible with the Small Form Factor SFF Opto- Electronic packages. The feed-throughs are both un-connectorized and connectorized. These feed-through will provide a 250 micron pitch while attaining a > 10^-9 Hermitic seal and withstand temperatures greater than 225C. In addition they will withstand the rigorous shock and vibration encountered in the Avionics environment. This family includes 3 specific feed-throughs: 1.) A 12 Fiber Single-Mode (SM) or Multi-Mode (MM) feed through is offered with < 0.5 dB insertion & -55 dB back reflection. 2.) Connectorized 12-fiber SM feed through < 0.5 dB insertion loss and -55 dB back reflection. Dim, 10 mm dia. x 4 mm thick or linear array, 1.5 mm pitch, 16 mm x 6 mm x 4 mm package. The linear package may be attached at the front on combined with the electrical connections at the back of the SFF package for a pluggable module that includes the fiber connections. 3.) Connectorized 12-fiber MM fiber feed through insertion loss < 0.5 dB; a back reflection < - 20 dB. package dim. 5 mm dia. x 3 mm.

nanoPrecision Products, Inc.
411-B Coral Circle
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 597-4991
David Cohen
NAVY 09-039      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Multichannel Fiber Optic Package Interface for Avionics
Abstract:nanoPrecision Products (nPP) proposes development of a new family of hermetic multi- fiber feedthrough subassemblies, for Navy and commercial applications by utilizing a proprietary nano-scale metal stamping process which can achieve nanometer scale tolerances with high repeatability and very low cost. This process can manufacture revolutionary low cost, high density metal termini transmission solutions for fiber optic signals. nanoPrecision Products is pioneering the development of a nano-precision stamping process for metal components with a goal of ± 100 nm form tolerances by combining deterministic micro-grinding (DMG) with computerized modeling, metrology, and optimization of fundamental process materials and mechanics – no such capability exists today

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 652-0009
Richard Pommer
NAVY 09-039      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Multichannel Fiber Optic Package Interface for Avionics
Abstract:This program will develop a robust, low-cost multi-fiber optic array feedthrough subassembly, and related materials and manufacturing processes, for avionic fiber optic transceivers. The goal is a system for creating fiber array connectors suitable for multi- mode fiber (MMF) and single-mode fiber (SMF) active components.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1333
Geoffrey Burnham
NAVY 09-040      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Automated Fiber Optic Cleaner for Aerospace Connector Maintenance
Abstract:Present fiber connector cleaning methods and systems have a high fail rate with an unacceptable level of uncertainty as to the effectiveness of the application. Fast and effective cleaning of fiber optic connectors remains a challenging task due to the high susceptibility of communication fibers to blockage by particles in the ambient. Agiltron proposes to develop a novel fiber optic cleaning system based on a state-of-the-art synthetic adhesive material of unprecedented contaminant grabbing capability and incorporated into an established swab cleaning mechanism to produce the most effective connector cleaner for aviation maintenance. This device will offer the salient advantages of complete contamination pick-up capability, dry process without the using solvents, application to all surfaces: wet or dry, smooth or rough, hard or soft, no residue left on surfaces, good for multiple applications, and convenient hand operation without electrical power. Phase I will focus on the feasibility of the proposed cleaning system. In Phase II a practical cleaning system will be developed to meet all Navy requirements.

Energid Technologies
124 Mount Auburn Street Suite 200 North
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 401-7090
James English
NAVY 09-040      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Robotic Fiber Optic Connector Cleaner
Abstract:Energid Technologies proposes a robotic fiber optic cleaner that will perform better and faster than current methods. The cleaner will quickly remove contaminants from any number of termini in a MIL-STD-38999 style connector, using a small manipulative device to clean, algorithmically inspect, and reclean if necessary. It will work with both the male and female sides of each terminus, with multimode and single-mode fibers. Multiple key technologies are brought to this effort. The first is a cleaning process based on time- proven techniques and designed for automatic application. The second is an innovative robotic design, a mechanical system that will implement the cleaning process robotically. The third is powerful control software. Energid will leverage its Actin software toolkit for controlling the mechanical system and building the human interface. The fourth key technology is advanced machine vision. Energid will leverage its Selectin machine vision toolkit for inspecting termini to enable repeatable, reliable cleaning performance and also provide secondary benefit by identifying termini with fractures and other defects. The proposed system will work rapidly, give better cleaning results, reduce the risk of foreign object damage, and also detect needed repairs. It will increase the usability and reliability of Navy aircraft.

Linden Photonics Inc.
270 Littleton Road, Unit #29
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 392-7985
Stephen O''''Riorden
NAVY 09-040      Awarded: 4/30/2009
Title:Automated Fiber Optic Cleaner for Aerospace Connector Maintenance
Abstract:Linden Photonics proposes a novel approach to cleaning a connector endface. In our design we will use a newly developed adhesive technology that will be pressed against the face of the connector and removed without wiping across the endface and thus reducing the chance of a cleaning related pit or scratch. This design will have significant advantages over traditional cleaning methods including Teflon type tape and will be designed to small and compact so as to fit in tight spots and be highly portable. The Navy seeks an innovative approach to address this maintenance issue and reduce the total ownership costs for current and future aircraft with fiber optic cable plants. Target speed is 1 to 5 seconds per terminus averaged over a multi termini (e.g. MIL-STD-38999 style) connector with ten to thirty male and matching female termini and 99% efficacy or higher so that inspection post cleaning is not required. The goal is to achieve a complete cleaning of a fully populated plug and receptacle in 5 minutes. The cleaning equipment must be field deployable and hand held.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/14/2009
Title:Advanced antennas for air vehicle flight test evaluation.
Abstract:Through this program, FIRST RF will apply a proprietary antenna technology already in qualification for a specific Low Observable (LO) weapons system. This technology promises to dramatically reduce the cost and complexity of the design and manufacture of conformal antennas for weapons systems and other airframes. FIRST RF proposes a UHF-FTS antenna, combined S- and C-Band aperture, and a novel L-Band antenna for LINK-16. The proposed Phase I program is a feasibility study of applying this antenna technology to these three antennas. However, the technology can be readily applied to other antennas for other functions. Part of the Phase I process will be to explore other applications for the technology. We anticipate a significant reduction in the cost of weapons systems due to a reduction in the cost of antennas.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Bradley Davis
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Advanced Concepts and Material Solutions for Conformal Antennas
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will be used to demonstrate advanced simulation, materials and fabrication processes for conformal antennas enhanced by the addition of substrates and superstrates with customized permittivity, permeability and through the application of metamaterials. To accomplish this task, NanoSonic has created a team with a unique combination of engineers, chemists and materials scientists capable of design, simulation and production of this product. In Phase I NanoSonic would consult with the antenna group of a major defense contractor in designing a multiband metamaterial enhanced antenna for conformal implementation on Navy platforms. NanoSonic would also examine antennas for conformal application using processes that are related to those used to create Metal Rubber™ and a unique inkjet patterning process for antenna fabrication. Unlike sputter coating, Metal Rubber™ materials can be applied to severe doubly curved surfaces without de-bonding or cracking. Finally, unique customized permeability substrates would be developed, constructed and tested. The NanoSonic PI is antenna engineer with many years experience in both hardware implementation and simulation software construction. In creating and simulating the design, NanoSonic would leverage current programs in computational electromagnetics to perform detailed simulations of the antenna.

Rock West Solutions, Inc.
8666 Commerce Avenue
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 568-8057
Keith Loss
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Advanced antennas for air vehicle flight test evaluation.
Abstract:When flight testing missiles and other high performance vehicles, flight instrumentation antennas are required to support telemetry, data link, flight termination systems (flight safety), and tracking beacons. Integration of these antennas onto the test missiles creates challenges with respect to modifying their aerodynamic characteristics (drag) and radar cross section (RCS). Rock West Solution proposes new, advanced technology, low profile and conformal antennas made from materials that can withstand the high temperatures of high speed vehicles. These antennas can be configured to provide similar gain and pattern characteristics as their commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) counterparts, while have significantly lower impacts on drag and RCS. Our proposed concepts include antennas that can be easily adapted to curved contours of aerodynamic bodies. Bolt-on and bonded antennas are investigated, with the primary trade-offs being between integration complexity, cost and performance.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Patanjali Parimi
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Ultra Wideband Advanced Antenna Systems for Air Vehicles (1000-120)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes to leverage its expertise in conformal wideband antenna systems and magnetic and printed resistive materials to develop wideband conformal antenna systems operating from UHF to C-band. SI2’s proposed concept is to utilize its Direct Write and Laser Transfer conformal manufacturing technology and a novel wideband antenna concept. The resulting conformal, wideband, low profile antenna system will be platform independent and be capable of deployment on a number of DoD platforms to increase their performance capabilities. In the Phase I program I2 will demonstrate the performance of the wideband conformal antenna system through state- of-the-art modeling and simulations. The follow-on Phase II program will refine the design and develop a wideband antenna prototype. Testing of the prototype will validate the simulation and the conformal antenna system performance capabilities.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Andrew Richen
NAVY 09-041      Awarded: 5/13/2009
Title:Advanced antennas for air vehicle flight test evaluation.
Abstract:The utility of precision strike weapon flight testing is critically dependent on the use of fleet-representative test articles. The Navy has a need for a suite of flight test antennas that allow communication with the weapon under test without impacting the weapon’s aerodynamic or observability characteristics. Toyon proposes to design a suite of antennas for operation of flight termination, Link 16, S-band telemetry, and C-band transponder/beacon systems on strike weapons. The proposed antenna suite will mount conformally to the airframe, and will be designed for use on highly survivable platforms. Toyon will build and test an electrically representative prototype antenna during the Phase I effort, and will construct flight-ready antennas during Phase II.

Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Rand Dannenberg
NAVY 09-042      Awarded: 5/7/2009
Title:Metamaterial Countermeasure and Defeat Program (MCDP)
Abstract:There is an urgent need for the modeling of Metamaterials and the identification of countermeasures. Metamaterials with novel properties have been shown theoretically to provide enhanced capabilities for controlling optical, RF, and acoustic signatures and for creating novel devices. This presents potential opportunities for, and threats to, existing naval systems that depend on reflected energy signals to locate and track targets by creating effective cloaking materials. The properties of materials needed to cloak objects can be realized in principle with engineered composites, or Metamaterials. However, it is not yet known how well these materials can be realized and thus to what degree this new material design paradigm may impact naval systems. The Metamaterial Countermeasure and Defeat Program (MCDP) will use advanced techniques for the creation of metamaterials to identify and create defeat mechanisms against theses new threats. The MCDP models will result in new metamaterials that will be used to develop these next generation systems that are feared by many governments. Current metamaterial research methods will be used to predict potential characteristics and capabilities. These models will be fabricated into working systems for characterization and testing to determine effective tactics or countermeasures.

SensorMetriX
10211 Pacific Mesa Blvd., Suite 408
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 625-4458
Anthony Starr
NAVY 09-042      Awarded: 5/4/2009
Title:Performance of EM and Acoustic Metamaterial Applications
Abstract:SensorMetrix will analyze electromagnetic and acoustic cloaking methods as implemented by metamaterial concepts. Possible counter methods to defeat cloaks will be identified and evaluated. Further it is proposed to assess the potential applications of a acoustic- and electromagnetic metamaterials in future Navy battlespaces.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Keith Higginson
NAVY 09-042      Awarded: 4/29/2009
Title:Countermeasures for Acoustic Cloaking(1001-346)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. responds to the US Navy need to model and assess the potential threat of acoustic cloaking to avoid sonar detection by the Navy. We will address the Navy need to both address the potential threat, estimating whether acoustic cloaking technology would be feasible within a 5 to 10 year time frame, and to develop suitable countermeasures for the defeat of cloaked objects. On this Phase I program we will focus on acoustic cloaking of submarines against ASW sonar detection and on countermeasures against successful acoustic cloaking.

Fifth Gait Technologies
5531 Somerset Dr.
Santa Barbara, CA, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 964-1496
Kathryn Doughty
NAVY 09-043      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:DIRT: Downhill Image Reconstruction Technology
Abstract:We propose to to provide high quality imaging in turbulent air. Our focus on the well- defined problem of downhill imaging promises to yield marked improvement in image quality. The imaging geometry addressed is directly applicable to UAV-based viewing, as well as to extended range surveillance from an elevated observation point. A combination of digital processing and modern hardware enabling real time processed imagery is expected to provide significant improvements over existing state of art capabilities based on high speed camera systems. We have identified specific modifications to existing algorithms that are well understood, fast, and easily hosted in present computing environments. The modified algorithms are combined them with a novel image metric that supports dynamic focus, is adaptable to specific imaging problems and easily applied computationally. These elements will be organized into a processing pipeline tailored for exactly this category of imaging in real time. Based on our recent experience on the DARPA SRVS project and other activities, we believe a streaming image processing (SIP) system is feasible with current hardware, invaluable to the user and superior to processing schemes that require time delay.

Level Set Systems
1058 Embury Street
Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 573-9339
Susan Chen
NAVY 09-043      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:Advanced algorithms for super-resolution optics for tactical sensors
Abstract:We shall develop state-of-the-art algorithms and software to rapidly restore degraded videos and images where the nature of the degradation is not well detailed. We shall use revolutionary new mathematical techniques involving total variation and nonlocal total variation blind restoration and oversampling, compressive sensing, Bregman iteration, graph cuts and fast nonlocal filtering.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Robert Weisenseel
NAVY 09-043      Awarded: 6/5/2009
Title:Super-resolution Image Metrics and Model-based Distortion Inversion for Turbulence
Abstract:SSCI and AER propose a novel model-based approach that aims to exploit the best concepts from current super-resolution methodologies to achieve real-time super- resolved video imaging: model-based inversion image reconstruction, image quality metrics for "lucky image" selection, and (an-)isoplanatic distortion models. Our aim will be to select models and methods in Phase 1 that are most likely to be transitionable to inexpensive, lightweight, highly-parallelized Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) in Phase 2 for real-time processing. High resolution imaging of terrestrial targets and scenes at very long ranges from aerial or ground-based imaging platforms can be hampered by distortions of the optical paths from heat- and wind-induced turbulence and haze. Such distortions impact the fundamental diffraction limit of the overall optical system from scene to focal plane array and can make it challenging to resolve targets. However, most existing model-based methods for super-resolution are highly dependent on known or easily estimable blur models and do not extend easily to distortions from anisoplanatic atmospheric turbulence. Also, "lucky imaging" methods, which select particularly high- quality images or subimages from very high-data rate streams, can require specialized high-data rate cameras, significant real-time computation rates, and are not likely to be suitable for low-light applications where signal-to-noise ratios for short duration pixel integrations can be very low.

Galorath Incorporated
100 North Sepulveda Blvd. Suite 1801
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 365-6570
Lee Fischman
NAVY 09-044      Awarded: 6/12/2009
Title:Early Stage Affordability Assessment Tool Development
Abstract:Early stage naval costing is a very difficult process, owing to the complexity of naval systems, immaturity of technologies, requirements and design volatility, and a challenged industrial base. Despite or even due to this, an integrated approach is desired that can capture both the costs and various benefits of competing ship concepts, from acquisition through operations and sustainment, from directly within the Navy’s software-driven design platform. Galorath Incorporated intends to develop an intelligent interface between a configurable set of cost models and Navy design and concept tools. The connection will facilitate automated costing not only with Galorath’s widely used SEER Hardware and Manufacturing cost systems, but by any costing approach, including ones already in use. Analysts will be enabled with access to sophisticated and appropriately chosen cost estimates directly from within their core ship concept and design platform, consistent with the inclusive design philosophy of those tools.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Patrick Cahill
NAVY 09-044      Awarded: 6/12/2009
Title:Ships Lifecycle Affordability Model (SLAM)
Abstract:Early design stage cost modeling tools in use by the Navy typically ignore lifecycle and sustainment costs, as the acquisition community functions separately from the operations community and with a completely separate budget. Recently, congressional committees and Navy senior management (civilian and uniformed) have recognized that there is a wide disparity between purchasing what you can afford, and then affording what you purchase. This gap between acquisition, production and operations needs to be addressed as early as possible through innovative and modern approaches to ship cost estimating, effectively eliminating the term ship design cost estimate and replacing with ship lifecycle affordability model. Knowledge Based Systems Inc. (KBSI) proposes to incorporate a systems dynamics approach to cost modeling, effectively combining discrete, linear, and hierarchical cost estimating methods with non-linear system dynamics modeling tools that account for variables that influence producibility and sustainability and change over time or refine themselves based on the current state of other influencing variables. This system dynamics approach to a Ships Lifecycle Affordability Model (SLAM), combined with production based, rather than systems based, early stage models will create visibility of cost drivers and potential cost drivers that currently remain hidden using existing cost estimating tools and methodologies.

CalRAM, Inc.
2380 Shasta Ave, Suite B
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 844-7823
Dave Ciscel
NAVY 09-045      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Lattice Block Structures for Missile Structural Components
Abstract:Lattice Block Structures (LBS) are used to produce parts with higher specific stiffness than a solid but are difficult to produce. Electron Beam Melting (EBM)technology is capable of building LBS in a variety of configurations directly from a computer file using much thinner and stronger ligaments or wall sizes than cast LBS. EBM LBS are lighter, can be produced faster, and in more complex shapes than conventionally produced LBS. The flexibility of EBM allows a designer to tailor properties in orientations as needed and still reduce component weight. EBM titanium LBS are ideal for Naval applications as the material is extremely resistant to corrosion.

Transition45 Technologies, Inc.
1963 North Main Street
Orange, CA 92865
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 283-2118
Edward Chen
NAVY 09-045      Awarded: 6/15/2009
Title:Aerospace Grade Lattice Block Structures for High Performance Missile Structures
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project evaluates and develops a robust design and affordable manufacturing process for producing aerospace quality and strength lattice block structures (LBS) from high temperature metallic materials that are suitable for Navy missile airframe applications. At the present such a design and production method does not exist. A key benefit for using conventional metals such as superalloys and titanium alloys is that these are established high temperature materials for which designers are comfortable in using given the extensive properties database that exists. High temperature titanium alloys, in particular, are considered a key class of materials that could enable lighter weight missiles. Lattice block structures made using high temperature intermetallics such as titanium aluminides should also be possible with the technology proposed here. The technology to be developed in this work is an extremely flexible yet cost-effective fabrication process that will be applicable for both limited and volume production of missile components.

Raman Systems, Inc.
3007 Longhorn Blvd Suite 105
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 719-9900
Richard Clarke
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Raman Sensor for Underwater Explosive Detection
Abstract:We propose to develop a compact, marine-deployable chemical sensor for the underwater detection of explosives using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). SERS is a well known tool for chemical identification down to the single molecule level of sensitivity that provides some unique advantages for the present topic. These include application to aqueous environments, sensitive to all classes of explosives (nitro, peroxide, etc), proven trace detection capability in water, and no sample preparation or extraction required. For these reasons we propose to investigate the potential for developing a compact SERS unit in a configuration consistent with the size, power, and other specifications required to allow utilization with the Navy HULS and DHINS programs. In order to provide the optimum sensitivity for trace explosive detection we plan to utilize an integrated gold sol-gel detector, a design based on the Company’s proprietary sol-gel SERS technology. In principle, any explosive agents or their residue in seawater that comes in contact with the sol-gel sampling surface will be detectable via a characteristic vibrational signature of that analyte. We expect that the full range of explosive contaminants which might be potentially encountered in the marine environment will be amenable to this approach.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 880-4195
Edward Knobbe
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Compact, Lightweight Chemical Sensor for Underwater UXO Detection
Abstract:The proposed project will focus on the development of an ultra-sensitive chemical trace detector for underwater unexploded ordnance (UUXO) detection. The envisioned technology is suitable for diver and/or unmanned underwater vehicle deployment.

SubChem Systems, Inc.
65 Pier Road
Narragansett, RI 02882
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 783-4744
Scott Veitch
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Compact, Lightweight Chemical Sensor for Underwater Explosive Ordnance (EOD) Application
Abstract:SubChem Systems Inc. has been involved in the further development, deployment and commercialization of autonomous in-situ chemical analyzers and custom engineered payloads since 1996. SubChem Analyzers have been deployed on commercial AUVs, coastal gliders, autonomous moored vertical profilers, fixed moored structures and other ocean observation platforms. The overall objective of this funding will be to provide a conceptual design of a Diver held chemical sensor capable of sensing chemical/explosive signatures focusing on nitro-based explosives. The requirements needed of the sensor for integration to the DHINS, HULS and BULS systems will also be documented. SubChem Systems maintains the expertise to provide an assessment of several chemical sensing techniques which may be applicable to the sensing of explosives underwater to be applied to the conceptual design. SubChem is currently developing a Miniature Chemical Sensor, ChemFIN, for the detection of trace levels of explosives and other target chemicals. This sensor couples a unique micro-fluidic technology providing a low cost, low power, and platform independent architecture. Funding from this Phase 1 effort will produce a conceptual adaptation to a Diver Held ChemFIN. This variant will incorporate an applicable sensing technology for localization and classification of nitrate-based (TNT,DNT) and potentially peroxide-based (TATP,HMTD) chemical/explosive mixtures.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Edward Geraghty
NAVY 09-046      Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title:Underwater Explosive Sensor(1001-341)
Abstract:Currently divers optically inspect suspicious devices. Due to water turbidity and the innate potential danger from explosive devices, the inspection process is extremely slow and dangerous. Triton Systems proposes to develop an underwater chemical sensor that can detect and identify explosive chemicals in seawater. The proposed sensor system will be able to detect explosive concentrations at 10 ppb or less, have a low false alarm rate, conduct measurements in real-time, and be able to be packaged into either a handheld unit, or as a component on a UUV. During the Phase I effort, Triton Systems will demonstrate the sensor’s capabilities with a bench-top model. In Phase II, a compact model will be built and demonstrated either with divers, or on a UUV.

Kubota Research Associates
100 Hobson Drive
Hockessin, DE 19707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 683-0199
Masanori Kubota
NAVY 09-047      Awarded: 6/17/2009
Title:Innovative Weight Reduction Concepts for Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs)
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop and innovative sandwich composite material used to manufacture component parts and/or the hull for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) to reduce the weight and increase operational effectiveness. The composite structure includes an inner layer of high tenacity polyarylate LCP long fiber reinforced ionomer. The reinforced resin is extrusion molded directly into a monocoque hull structural shape using an open sheet flow molding process. The middle layer is a lightweight PVC foam core with carbon fabric face sheets for rigidity and high mechanical performance. The outer layer is consolidated plies of polyarylate LCP fabric reinforcement ionomer composite that are highly abrasion and chemical resistant. The outer layer greatly increases the impact resistance of the sandwich. The multiple layers are injection molded with vinyl ester resin under vacuum to consolidate the lightweight dual skin composite sandwich. The Phase I program will produce test coupons and measure the mechanical performance of the sandwich compared to current USV materials for weight reduction, cost and manufacturability. The Phase I Option will calculate the optimum composite sandwich construction for mechanical, physical, weight, cost and manufacturing to prepare for Phase II scaleup.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Roger Storm
NAVY 09-047      Awarded: 6/17/2009
Title:Manufacture of Light Weight Corrosion Resistant Ti-6Al-4V Deck Components for USVs Using Very Low Cost Raw Materials in a Rapid Manufacturing Process
Abstract:The Navy has a need to reduce the weight of unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) to improve their operational efficiency. Many of these vessels have an Al hull and supporting structures. While Al alloys have a low density, their strength is very low. The high strength to weight ratio of titanium alloys such as Ti-6Al-4V (Ti64) would allow a significant reduction in thickness which would translate to a significant weight savings. However, the cost of Ti64 structures produced by conventional manufacturing is prohibitively high. In this program, MER will establish the value of manufacturing Ti64 deck components by the PTA additive manufacturing process, resulting in a weight savings of >600 lb. Rather than using commercial Ti64 welding wire at a cost of $60/lb as the feed stock for the PTA process, MER will utilize a very low cost powder derived from Ti sponge powder at a cost of

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard Claus
NAVY 09-047      Awarded: 6/17/2009
Title:Metal Rubber™ Replacements for Conventional Metal Materials in USVs
Abstract:This SBIR program would demonstrate the feasibility of replacing heavy metal materials and components onboard unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) with equivalent materials and components fabricated using lightweight Metal Rubber™. Metal Rubber™ is a self- assembled nanocomposite material with an electrical conductivity on the order of that of bulk copper (107 S/m). Its mass density (1 g/cc) is much less than that of copper (8.96 g/cc), steel (8 g/cc) or aluminum (2.7 g/cc). Replacing copper or other bulk metal components onboard USVs with Metal Rubber™ thus may result in a weight savings of between 90% for copper to 60% for aluminum. During the Phase I program, NanoSonic would work with input from a major ship systems manufacturer, and design, fabricate and analyze the properties of representative structural, electrical, RF shielding and thermally conductive materials based on Metal Rubber™ materials. Materials large enough to be representative of full-size USV structures would be produced and tested. These hardware test articles will allow a direct calculation of the total weight savings possible by replacing conventional metals with Metal Rubber™. Technical specifications and weight savings would be used to downselect optimal development paths during a possible Phase II program in cooperation with that ship system manufacturer

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4630
Devendra Tolani
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Step Frequency Time Domain Reflectometry for Distributed Temperature Sensing
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc (IAI) is partnering with Boeing to develop an innovative distributed temperatures sensor based on Electrical Time/ Frequency Domain Reflectometry. The core idea is the development of a simple, practical, yet robust electrical equivalent of Fiber Braggs Grating using thermistor based frequency tuned circuits. The step frequency Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR) is used for generating input signals using Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS). These input signals are fed into an appropriately temperature rated coaxial cable (which traverses the entire span of the cryostat to be monitored) with single ended access and minimum attenuation. On this coax cable are frequency tuned thermistor circuits that respond only to certain frequencies. The cryogenic narrow band pass filters are designed to admit only a narrow band of frequencies. Essentially at any given time the step frequency TDR interrogates only a particular thermistor element of the circuit. The use of electrical rather than optical methods allows use of materials and components that have been thoroughly tested at cryogenic temperature, reducing risk. We plan to leverage several key technologies (Time Domain Reflectometer, Step frequency Radar) developed under other ongoing programs at IAI, thus further mitigating the technical risks.

Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc.
575 McCorkle Blvd.
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 891-2243
Philip Swinehart
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Temperature Sensors for Long Cryogenic Thermal Paths
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses damage prevention in high temperature superconducting power transmission lines, motors, generators and other specialized equipment that are now being deployed. Even though high temperature superconductors can operate up to 77K or higher, most equipment is operated at lower temperatures to obtain a safety factor to prevent overheating or magnetic field-induced quenching. Superconductor lengths from tens of meters to many km may be involved. If hot spots develop, causing the conductors to rapidly revert to their resistive states, the local heating increases and propagates the fault. This causes a rapid dissipation of the stored energy in the conductor or coil, with a significant probability of damaging the conductor if the quench is not detected in time. Fiber optic temperature sensors present the opportunity to detect hot spots at closely spaced points along a superconductor of arbitrary length in order to safely shut down the system before damage occurs. These sensors are all- dielectric, making them safe in even a very high voltage power system, and many sensing points, as close as a few cm to a meter, can be multiplexed on a single fiber, greatly simplifying the feedthrough requirements compared to electronic sensors.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Bryan Dickerson
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Cryogenic distributed temperature monitoring (Cryo-DSS)
Abstract:To insure safe operation of new cryogenic superconducting degaussing cables , used to cloak the magnetic signatures naval vessels, distributed temperature measurements are needed every 1 m over 200 m lengths from 25K to 300K. Present electronic temperature sensors conduct heat into the cables, which can cause catastrophic failure in superconductors. Therefore, distributed fiber optic temperature sensors are sought that overcome the lack of thermal sensitivity in silica fibers at the cryogenic operating temperatures of high temperature superconductors. Luna will monitor temperatures along specially designed optical fibers without needing to write fiber Bragg Gratings into the fibers. Luna’s approach will decrease the fabrication cost of the distributed fiber sensors. During Phase I, the thermal sensitivity and optical properties of custom glass compositions will be demonstrated, so that in Phase II the full system will demonstrate distributed cryogenic temperature measurements. A key benefit of Luna’s approach is that it enables high spatial resolution to monitor the growth of non-superconducting zones in a winding, whereas alternative discrete fiber Bragg gratings can only monitor the proper operation of the cryostat.

SensorTran, Inc.
4401 Freidrich Lane Bldg. 307
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 583-3520
Mikko Jaaskelainen
NAVY 09-048      Awarded: 6/18/2009
Title:Application of Advanced Fiber Optic-Based DTS Technology to Dense Thermal Profiling of HTS Power Cables
Abstract:Through the application of advanced Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS) technology, SensorTran proposes to develop a system solution for the Navy for thermal path measurement and monitoring along significant lengths of HST cables. Fiber optic-based sensors are immune from EMI, offer measurements at every point along the cable, and can be embedded in the cable itself – meaning the data source is very close to the asset being monitored (not clamped on to the outside of the asset). SensorTran will provide a comprehensive solution that (1) includes advanced DTS technology that can account for and dynamically adjust temperature readings from fiber that has strain and/or bend- induced losses (2) includes application-specific fiber-embedded HTS cables featuring minimal optical losses and special bulkhead penetrators that provide a means to bring the fiber out of the cable while still isolating the cryogenic fluid. SensorTran proposes to apply their experience with fiber optic wellhead penetrations in high pressure environments (i.e. oil wells) to the development of cryogenic bulkhead pentrators.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 351-2568
Mike McAleenan
NAVY 09-049      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Advanced Combatant Craft for Increased Affordability and Mission Performance
Abstract:KaZaK Composites and our subcontractor team propose to develop and demonstrate composite material, configuration and automated manufacturing method combinations selected to optimize advanced hull systems for next-generation Riverine high speed craft, improving on current structural strength, stiffness, impact, weight and cost baselines. This proposal addresses technology development complementing and extending KaZaK’s current hull and deckhouse-focused Navy Phase II SBIR programs, specifically leveraging our current activities to maximize benefits for new surface vessel optimization while minimizing development cost and risk. Material systems in our proposed Phase I studys will focus on impact-resistant high speed requirements, new structural concepts, and alternate support structure. During Phase I, low-cost, light-weight, high-stiffness composite components will designed and validated via finite element analysis, emphasizing material selection for low cost, high quality manufacturing automation via pultrusion. KaZaK’s designs will include features that permit easily-alterable field customization of ship systems to include modular armor for rapidly tailoring performance to match changing mission needs. If awarded a Phase II, our team (including Naval architects and builders) will work to apply Phase I materials, configurations and automated manufacturing technology to the fabrication of full scale hardware for a prototype next generation Riverine vessel.

Kennon Products, Inc
2071 North Main Street
Sheridan, WY 82801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(307) 674-6498
Mark Weitz
NAVY 09-049      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Advanced Composite Boats
Abstract:This proposal seeks to develop, refine, and combine, several promising composites construction techniques in order to produce lighter, stronger, more agile boats, ultimately at reduced acquisition costs. These techniques rely on sophisticated uses of fibers and fiber layups, advanced methods of resin infusion, and novel combinations of fabrication methods. The boats proposed will be “unibody-” or “monocoque-” like constructions, with inherent strength-to-weight characteristics. Kennon has assembled an outstanding team to tackle these advances including an innovative manufacturer of fiberglass boats, composite and materials engineers, and a retired naval officer who specializes in advanced manufacturing techniques. Active in innovative manufacturing and applied R&D, this team is well poised to ultimately commercialize the products of this research. Simply building lighter boats will not satisfy operational needs, as weight reduction effects changes in weight distribution, hydrodynamic profiles and stability. Kennon’s team is capable of adapting hull and boat designs to take full advantage of the significant weight reductions planned.

Structural Composites, Inc.
7705 Technology Drive
W. Melbourne, FL 32904
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 951-9464
Scott Lewit
NAVY 09-049      Awarded: 6/19/2009
Title:Advanced Combatant Craft for Increased Affordability and Mission Performance
Abstract:As low intensity conflicts increase on a global basis, our Armed forces are becoming increasingly dependent on small combatant craft. These high-speed platforms are improving mission capabilities and helping to reduce risk for all of our armed forces. The demands on combatant craft are ever increasing. The increased capabilities and scope of missions create challenges. One principal challenge is to reduce the structural weight of the platform. We will reduce the weight of combatant craft by blending the approaches from both the aerospace and recreational marine industries and add in a healthy batch of innovation. In this proposal we present an affordable, durable, lightweight structural approach that can be applied to a broad class of combatant craft and boats. Following the approach discussed in the proposal we will work to achieve a structural weight savings of 40% or greater over current construction methods

Creative Energy Solutions, Inc.
2601 Annand Dr., Suite 16
Wilmington, DE 19808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 315-8159
Keith Corzine
NAVY 09-050      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Detection and Mitigation of Electrical Faults in Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) Architectures
Abstract:The proposed technology has the potential to change the paradigm such that the traditional “brute-force” method of the mechanical breaker is replaced with natural commutation. Further, a downfall of the conventional solid-state breaker is that it still must interrupt large fault currents requiring very specialized semiconductors and controls. Ultimately, the dc breaker herein prevents large currents from developing across the fault while completely isolating the source bus including the solid-state switch without the use of sophisticated controls. Preliminary real time simulation studies would address the proposed breaker operation within an MVDC shipboard power system. Information from these studies would be used to develop an intelligent network designed to automatically optimize the distribution configuration. This network will be developed using a neural network approach based on supervised and unsupervised learning, such as self- organizing maps and learning vector quantization networks.

Diversified Technologies, Inc.
35 Wiggins Ave.
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9444
Ian Roth
NAVY 09-050      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Detection and Mitigation of Electrical Faults in Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) Architectures
Abstract:In this effort, DTI will refine the specification and scope of a DC breaker development, and prepare for the Phase II effort, which will comprise fabrication and delivery of an engineering development model for evaluation by US Navy laboratories. We anticipate that the value of such a solid-state direct-current breaker will ultimately lie more in the enhanced capabilities of the entire shipboard power system that this advanced technology enables than in the capabilities of the breaker taken alone.

SatCon Applied Technology, Inc.
27 Drydock Avenue
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 694-0447
Ted Lesster
NAVY 09-050      Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title:Detection and Mitigation of Electrical Faults in Medium Voltage DC (MVDC) Architectures
Abstract:A novel combination of power electronics and electromechanical contactors is proposed to perform of sensing and fault protection in a Medium Voltage DC distribution system. This will reduce the electromechanical component ratings and size while providing both input to output galvanic isolation during operation and mechanical contact isolation and grounding of downstream equipment following a fault and for repair and maintenance activity. Satcon proposes under this SBIR to evaluate the basic building block converter / contactor configuration to characterize the performance as an electrical fault detector and mitigator for MVDC based systems. This evaluation will include both the semiconductor devices and other power electronic components as well as isolating and grounding electromechanical devices. Potential commercialization applications will be considered in both near term and further out scenarios for the spread of DC techniques into the commercial power distribution field.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Patrick Magari
NAVY 09-051      Awarded: 6/22/2009
Title:Low Maintenance, Low Cost Cryocooler for HTS Degaussing Systems
Abstract:High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables offer major advantages over the conventional copper cables currently used to reduce the magnetic signatures of Navy ships. A degaussing system utilizing HTS cables would be smaller, lighter, and cost less to install than current systems. However, the cryogenic operating temperature of the HTS cables requires the use of a cryogenic refrigerator (cryocooler). Existing, commercially available regenerative cryocoolers suitable for use with an HTS degaussing system have a number of disadvantages including limited cooling capacity (requiring the use of more units than ideal), system size, relatively large and fragile cold heads, noisy operation, and the need for periodic maintenance. The objective of the currently proposed effort is to evaluate the potential for developing a large capacity reverse turbo-Brayton cryogenic refrigerator that would have lower life cycle costs, require less maintenance and be smaller in size than an equivalent cryocooler system based on COTS technology. In Phase I, we will develop a preliminary system design to estimate performance, size, and cost, and we will develop a potential integration concept with the rest of the HTS degaussing system. In Phase II, we will fabricate key components of the cryocooler and demonstrate them at the system level.

Cryomech, Inc
113 Falso Drive
Syracuse, NY 13211
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 455-2555
Peter Gifford
NAVY 09-051      Awarded: 6/22/2009
Title:Low Maintenance and Low Cost Cryocooler
Abstract:For onboard naval applications, a high cooling capacity, low cost, higher meantime between maintenance Gifford McMahon Cryorefrigerator is necessary. Cryomech manufacturers an existing cryocooler, the AL300, with sufficient cooling capacity; but, its standard MTBM is 10,000 hours and it has not been designed to meet onboard requirements. A redesign of the G-M Cold Head seals and displacer for 20,000 hours will be studied. Because the compressor package is most affected by the “onboard specification”, a redesign of the affected components will also be studied.

INFINIA CORPORATION
6811 West Okanogan Place
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 737-2119
SONGGANG QIU
NAVY 09-051      Awarded: 6/22/2009
Title:Low Maintenance and Low Cost Cryocooler
Abstract:Cryocoolers currently in use for High Temperature Superconducting Degaussing (HTSDG) systems onboard Navy ships (Gifford McMahon based) meet the basic performance requirement of 200 W of heat lift at 50°K. However they are inefficient (7.5 kW input power) and prone to frequent maintenance (10,000 hours). Infinia Corporation proposes the development of a maintenance-free, highly efficient practical design concept for a fully integrated low cost, Free piston Stirling Cryocooler (FSC) system that will provide in excess of 200 W (230 W target) of useful cooling capacity at a cold end temperature of 50°K, while consuming only 3.55 kW with a maintenance-free life of 72,000 hours. The system will directly utilize key elements of Infinia’s commercial 3 kW hermetically sealed, free piston, Stirling engine imminently beginning mass-production for the solar energy market. The basic design uses unique flexure bearings and clearance seals, with no rubbing or wearing parts, and no lubricants. Development of the cryocooler system will result in a unit available at a dramatically lower cost, that operates at better than twice the efficiency of the current commercially used cryocooler, and requires significantly reduced maintenance.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2072
Greg Antal
NAVY 09-052      Awarded: 6/23/2009
Title:Automating the Transition of Product Model Data
Abstract:Product model data is required in different forms throughout a ship’s life cycle. Despite the development of STEP standards for the exchange of model data to support design and engineering throughout the lifecycle of a product, the portions of the standard developed for the shipbuilding industry have not been developed or implemented in a way that would allow for a comprehensive bidirectional sharing of data between all of the CAD packages involved in a shipbuilding program. Identification of relevant data, its transformation, and the validation of its accuracy has proven to be very difficult. The technology proposed here will provide an open, scalable, CAD vendor neutral, expandable framework that will enable the bi-directional transfer of product model data between shipbuilders during the design and construction life cycle phases. Existing STEP standards and commercial open source toolkits will be leveraged to the maximum extent possible to facilitate broad adoption of the technology by the shipbuilding industry. In Phase I, a prototype of the framework will be developed. Realistic test case scenarios will be used to assess the feasibility of the method, identify high risk areas, and define risk reduction strategies which will be implemented in Phase II.

CostVision
1472 North St.
Boulder, CO 80304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 539-9312
Charles Stirk
NAVY 09-052      Awarded: 6/23/2009
Title:PLCS DEX to exchange semantic information from ship STEP AP’s
Abstract:This team of a small software developer, two large Navy shipbuilders, and two experts in ship STEP and PLCS DEX technology propose to develop processes and interface tools to exchange non-geometric product model data between shipbuilders and the Navy. Specifically, in the Phase I program we will 1. Determine the product structure and material property information needed by LEAPS. 2. Create a reference data library that contains this information using the semantics of the Ship STEP AP’s. 3. Define the source systems for this information at Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding and Electric Boat. 4. Develop a PLCS DEX that contains the reference data 5. Prove the feasibility of the DEX bi-directional data transfer using Eurostep’s share-a-space software tools. In the Phase I Option, we will continue to design the interfaces to LEAPS and the shipbuilder IT systems that will be developed and prototyped in Phase II.

Altairnano, Inc.
204 Edison Way
Reno, NV 89502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 858-3738
Veselin Manev
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Modular, Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:The SBIR Phase I proposal is designed to improve the high end temperature performance of Altairnano''''s nano Lithium titanate batteries and will develop an equivalent circuit model capturing the transient dynamics of Altairnano’s 50 Ah cell. Altairnano will study the effects of various materials and the interactions between them to determine the best electrode material combination in order to eliminate gasses that are created at temperatures above 55 degrees Celsius. This research will attempt to accomplish this without sacrificing other performance attributes, such as long cycle life and high power rates, currently seen in existing Altairnano products. These objectives are intended to align with the Navy’s goal of developing a multipurpose energy storage module for a variety of shipboard applications ranging from single generator operations to pulse power applications.

FC & Associates
44713 Fir Road PO Box 1064
Gold Bar, WA 98251
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 347-3523
Leroy Ohlsen
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:High System-Power Density Flow Battery for Advanced Modular, Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:To meet the requirements for a next-generation, shipboard-compliant energy storage system, this SBIR Phase I project will prove the feasibility of a unique flow battery technology that combines a battery’s ability to produce a high system-power density with a fuel cell’s unique capability to utilize a high-energy-density fuel. FC&A’s Phase I objective is to demonstrate the flow battery concept by identifying the best polyoxometalate/catalyst combination and assembling these into a prototype single anode half-cell that produces sufficient current density in the presence of 4,000ppm sulfur to produce power. Unlike existing technologies, our flow battery, or “Flow Cell,” is small and can be recharged like a battery or refueled with the Navy’s standard logistics fuels (DFM and JP-5). These unique Flow Cell capabilities will enable the Navy to realize its aim of developing “more electric Navy fleets,” which increases survivability and provides an uninterrupted electrical power supply. Phase I success will lead to a Phase II project focused on fabricating a prototype Flow Cell system and conducting validation testing under practical load profiles. Based on Phase II results, the FC&A R&D team will propose installation, maintenance, repair, and regeneration methodologies and will complete a thorough cost/benefit analysis.

K2 Energy Solutions, Inc.
1125 American Pacific Drive, Suite C
Henderson, NV 89074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 478-3601
James Hodge
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Lithium-ion Modular Energy Storage Batteries
Abstract:K2 Energy Solutions, Inc. will address the Navy’s energy storage requirements by designing and fabricating a modular battery system similar to those the company has already developed for high performance electric vehicles. K2 develops and manufactures advanced lithium-ion energy storage systems based on intrinsically safe and inexpensive lithium iron phosphate cathode materials.

Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc.
1037 Watervliet-Shaker Road
Albany, NY 12205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 862-4290
Hooshang Heshmat
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Modular, Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase I and Phase II proposed effort is to design, test and demonstrate the ability of a 500 kW test bed prototype energy storage module to withstand a shipboard environment. Under Phase I, tradeoff design studies will be completed to size the system and assess the configuration that will yield the highest power and energy densities while also having minimal maintenance requirements and shock tolerance. Under Phase II, a technology demonstrator will be designed, built and tested. The overall goal is to demonstrate and verify the power density gains and reduced footprint possible through effectively integrating the generator, bearing and flywheel components. MiTi’s proposed solution is a high-speed flywheel energy storage module that uses our unique combination of shock tolerant and low loss magnetic bearings and high performance permanent magnet brushless DC motor/generator. Both 35 and 80 kW/60,000 rpm motor/generators that have already been developed and tested by MiTi will form the core design of the composite flywheel system. Flywheel speeds as high as 100,000 rpm will be examined. A subcomponent bearing test will be completed as a part of the Phase I effort.

New Span Opto-Technology Inc.
16115 SW 117th Ave. A-15
Miami, FL 33177
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(305) 235-6928
Sam Sun
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:Advanced Asymmetric Electrochemical Supercapacitor Energy Storage Technology
Abstract:To address the U.S. Navy¡¦s solicitation for shipboard compliant high energy storage system, New Span Opto-Technology Inc. proposes to develop Advanced Hybrid Electrochemical Energy Storage (AESES) technology. The AESES is comprised of a foamed aluminum oxide ceramics anode and a conductive polymer cathode. The anode is made highly porous for higher capacitance. The cathode is made of an aligned pattern of polyaniline nanofiber arrays covalently bonded with the substrate, with high current and ion conductivity and lower internal resistance, resulting in high energy and power density of AESES. The device is engineered with an operation potential of 20-60 Volts and a total capacitance of 5-20 Farads. The AESES will have energy density ƒ® 150 Wh/Liter (~24J/cm3), power density up to 2,000 W/Liter lasting ƒ® 5 min, cycling life ƒ® 10,000 times, at environmental temperature up to 150 F (60 ¢XC). In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of the AESES concept by fabricating a prototype module, capable of being incorporated into a power electronics and ship interface module. The comprehensive performance of the AESES module will be evaluated. The Phase II development approach and schedule that contains discrete milestones for product development will be provided.

Y-Carbon
900 First Ave Building 4, Suite 242
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 878-6226
Ranjan Dash
NAVY 09-053      Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title:High Energy, High Power Supercapacitor-Battery Hybrid Energy Storage System
Abstract:This proposal presents a Phase I SBIR project to develop high-energy, high-power supercapacitor-battery hybrid energy storage systems. Batteries are widely used, but have limited power capability and cycle life. Supercapacitors, also called ultracapacitors or double-layer capacitors, are rechargeable electrical energy storage devices Supercapacitors offer higher power, and greater cyclability than batteries. However, their lower energy density limits operation time of electrical equipment running on supercapacitors alone. Neither battery nor supercapacitor technology alone offers both high power and high energy. Therefore, a hybrid (battery–supercapacitor) system is needed for an optimum combination of power and energy density. Although the supercapacitor is mainly a high-power device in a hybrid configuration, the supercapacitor’s energy density is important. Increased energy density allows high power output for longer times. Conventional activated carbon for supercapacitors has limited pore size control, limiting device energy density. This project will develop supercapacitor-battery hybrids utilizing supercapacitors incorporating nanoporous carbide-derived carbon electrodes providing higher volumetric and gravimetric capacitance than existing materials. The manufacturing process explored in this SBIR relies on synthesis of nanoporous carbon with controlled pore size, leading to hybrid power storage devices with energy density (> 500 Wh/L) and supplying power > 500 kW for at least 5 minutes.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 640-2310
Anthony Dietz
NAVY 09-054      Awarded: 6/24/2009
Title:Regenerative Cryogenic Helium Circulator
Abstract:High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables offer major advantages over the conventional copper cables currently used to reduce the magnetic signatures of Navy ships. A degaussing system utilizing HTS cables would be smaller, lighter, and cost less to install than current systems. However, the cryogenic helium flow cooling system needed to keep the superconductor at its operating temperature can introduce additional cost and complexity. The cryogenic helium circulator is a key component in this cooling system, costing up to 20% of the total system cost. Creare is pursuing a development program to provide the Navy with the technology needed to transition an HTS Degaussing System into the next generation of warships. Here we propose a regenerative circulator that runs at a much lower speed than the centrifugal circulator used in the current system. The lower speed reduces the cost of the motor and bearings and enables a design for reduced heat leak. In Phase I, we will optimize the circulator design and operating point, and we will demonstrate the circulator performance. In Phase II, we will fabricate and test prototype circulators and demonstrate their performance in a representative degaussing system.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2727
Chris St.Clair
NAVY 09-054      Awarded: 6/24/2009
Title:Magnetically Coupled Helium Recirculation Fan (MCHRF)
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop the Magnetically Coupled Helium Recirculation Fan (MCHRF), a fan for the recirculation of cryogenic helium gas for shipboard High- Temperature Superconductor Deguassing (HTSDG) systems. The MCHRF will eliminate the mechanical penetration required for the recirculation function by driving the fan with magnetic forces from a tightly packaged integral motor assembly contained entirely within the vacuum space. This will simplify the design of the associated insulation system, eliminate the potential for any gas leaks along a shaft penetration, and minimize the heat load associated with the fan. Because of these simplifications, it will also dramatically reduce the cost associated with the recirculation function.

R&D Dynamics Corporation
15 Barber Pond Road
Bloomfield, CT 06002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 726-1204
Giri Agrawal
NAVY 09-054      Awarded: 6/24/2009
Title:Low Cost Foil Bearing Supported Helium Circulation Fan
Abstract:A low-cost helium circulator will be designed and demonstrated for use in High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) systems. The circulator design will feature an oil- free high-speed rotor supported on foil gas bearings. The basis for this design has been extensively used and demonstrated by R&D Dynamics in other applications e.g. fuel cells, at very high temperatures, up to 700 deg. C. In Phase I the feasibility will be demonstrated. In Phase II a working prototype will be designed, built and laboratory tested. In Phase III a full scale prototype will be installed onboard a Navy ship for extended testing.

Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
James Daly
NAVY 09-055      Awarded: 7/20/2009
Title:Hyperpixel Array Imager for Contact Identification
Abstract:The Navy is seeking hyperspectral imaging (HSI) systems to integrate with Type 18 periscopes and/or newer Photonics Masts in order to perform contact recognition, identification and classification. Hyperspectral technology offers potential performance enhancement to attain additional target information and discrimination as well as possibly attain better penetration through adverse weather. Surface craft exhibit anomalous signatures compared to both water and sky horizon backgrounds in NIR/SWIR spectral bands making autonomous detection from the ocean surface feasible. Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC (Newton, MA) and Space Computer Corporation (Los Angeles, CA) will collaborate to develop a versatile hyperspectral imaging system for visible to short- wavelength infrared (SWIR) wavelengths. Specifically, we propose to combine BD&E’s proprietary HyperPixelä Array (HPAä) imager and SCC’s proprietary hyperspectral image processing capabilities to design and build a system which will automatically identify contacts, associate a hyperspectral ‘tag’ with each contact so that it may be tracked or recognized and re-acquired at a later time, and classify each contact according to type. The system will operate over the wavelength range 400-1700 nm. The phase 1 program will be a specification development and systems design effort leading to a prototype design which will be built and tested in phase 2.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
NAVY 09-055      Awarded: 7/20/2009
Title:Periscope mounted hyperspectral sensors for improved situational awareness
Abstract:OKSI will start with sensors it already built to conduct measurements in order to optimize its sensor design and algorithms for use in a submarine mast (Phase I). Subsequently, OKSI will design (Phase I Option) and build (Phase II) a mast-like brassboard based system, which will be tested and improved to provide optimal results (Phase II). Specifically, OKSI will use its existing VNIR and SWIR hyperspectral sensors to collect maritime scene data of targets subjected to a variety of characteristic environmental conditions related to marine water, atmosphere, and weather, including aerosols, target- sensor-sun angles, humidity, marine conditions, etc. These measurements, which OKSI will conduct at a naval facility, will be used with existing in-house hyperspectral target detection and identification algorithms to investigate target detection and identification performance in the unique maritime environment. The Phase I results will lead to an optimized hyperspectral sensor design (hardware and software) for use in a submarine mast. OKSI’s miniature hyperspectral sensor will serve as a basis for a sensor package that will be tested subsequently in a mast-like brassboard under more stressing conditions. OKSI will design (Option), build, and test (Phase II) this deployable sensor package, with remote terminal for control and visualization.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5885 Trinity Parkway Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 840-9722
Kevin Kieffer
NAVY 09-056      Awarded: 7/9/2009
Title:Exercise Torpedo End-Of-Run (EOR) Global Positioning System (GPS) Locator
Abstract:The US Navy seeks the development of a miniature transponder locator unit, capable of sustaining high shock loads that can be placed in both lightweight and heavyweight exercise torpedoes for rapid torpedo recovery. Currently, a considerable amount of time and resources is expended to visually search for the exercise torpedo after the end of run, and the solicitation aims to develop a system that enables timely recovery of the exercise torpedo with limited assets. The transponder must have an endurance of 24 hours, determine the torpedo’s location via a GPS receiver, and communicate the torpedo’s position via an RF and underwater acoustic link at ranges up to 5 nautical miles. In this Phase I proposal, Adaptive Methods proposes to design and prototype components of a refurbishable and reusable transponder that meets the solicitation’s volume and communications requirements. A laboratory demonstration of key RF, acoustic, and antenna components is also proposed in the Phase I Basic work. Design, prototyping, and in-water demonstration of the acoustic communications component is proposed in the Phase I Option work.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 846-0111
Tim Hench
NAVY 09-056      Awarded: 7/9/2009
Title:Exercise Torpedo End-Of-Run (EOR) Global Positioning System (GPS) Locator
Abstract:Detection, localization, and recovery of exercise torpedoes at End-Of-Run in an open- ocean environment can be a challenging and expensive evolution for the US Navy. Minimizing the time-on-station for launch, search and recovery craft involved in exercise firings can drastically reduce cost by increasing probability of successful and swift recovery as well as allowing more firings to occur in an allotted time slot. GPS technologies can provide the increased capability in rapid localization to meet operational and cost objectives. Key to the effort will be trade studies to best implement the existing technologies given the space and operational constraints of torpedoes as well as studying options for antenna configurations. This SBIR will clearly define and analyze the system-level requirements with the customer and apply those requirements to the trade studies for the GPS implementation and antenna designs, as well as an acoustic communications capability that will allow subsurface localization of the torpedoes. COTS solutions will be of first choice with custom design only as necessary. Particular attention will be paid to the shock and other associated Environmental impacts on design, as well as the power requirements. Commonality of design between MK54 and MK48 will be maximized.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Robert Karnes
NAVY 09-058      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Novel Towed Array Hose Materials Technology
Abstract:Kazak Composites and our subcontractor ITT propose to advance the design of towed array hose by means of engineered materials and KaZaK’s expertise in pultrusion technology. The materials and designs to be developed will have synergistic effects on both buoyancy and strumming suppression. Buoyancy will be improved by adding new high-strength microspheres which also will prevent noise due to collapse. Strumming will be addressed by investigating several approaches, including a specially designed conformal layer not increasing the straight line drag coefficient or interfering with the array handling gear. This approach permits use of stochastic techniques in design, to prevent formation of coherent wake structures at several scales. An alternative approach is the use of negative Poisson ratio material to change the sectional shape of the hose in a turn. We also propose a novel reinforcement configured to prevent crimping of the hose cross-section under bending, as well as ‘milking’ of the hose under longitudinal drag forces, while maintaining desirable longitudinal strength and elongation characteristics. The scope of proposed Phase I work will cover materials trade studies and analysis of designs, as well as static and tunnel tests of representative elements. The outlook for a Phase II is a full-scale prototype.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
J.H. Lalli
NAVY 09-058      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Low Density, Rugged, Shape Memory-Metal Rubber™ Morph-on-Demand Towed Array Hose
Abstract:NanoSonic specializes in the production of multifunctional, nanostructured morphing airfoils and hydrofoils via Shape Memory-Metal Rubber™ (SM-MR). SM-MR™ would be exploited as a smart towed array hose that can both sense and change its shape under sea-water to reduce damaging strum-induced vibration and optimize hydrophone performance. Our unique layer-by-layer self-assembly processing method yields ultra- lightweight (< 0.99g/cc), yet thick rugged and compliant nanocomposites enabling neutral buoyancy due to the extremely low volume fractions of metal nanoparticles required for conductivity. The electrically conductive component of SM-MR™ allows for 1) in-situ sensing of longitudinal flow at greater than 4 degrees and 2) wireless induction pathway stimulating temporary shape change to a more hydrodynamic cross-section to suppress crosswise flow and turn-induced strum and 3) repeatedly return to a circular cross- section upon turn completion. While the specific chemical structure of SM-MR™ is proprietary, the hybrid polyurethane SMP is resistant to Exxon Isopar L and offers similar properties (isothermal mechanical -40ºC to 50ºC, Shore A80, > 100% elongation) to BF Goodrich 58881. The TRL of the morph-on-demand SM-MR™ submarine towed array hose would be increased to TRL6 during Phase I and to TRL 9 when demonstrated at Carderock housing a TB-29A acoustic module in Phase III.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
NAVY 09-058      Awarded: 7/23/2009
Title:Shape Changing, Reduced Density, Towed Array Hose
Abstract:Two problems affect Navy submarine towed arrays. The first problem is damage imparted to the array components by the handling system. The second problem is the noise generated by hose oscillation and turbulence that develops during submarine turns; the circular cylinder hose experiences a cross flow which causes vortex shedding. TRI/Austin proposes to address each problem separately and then integrate the results into a final proposed towed array hose design. The damage problem can be addressed by increasing the internal pressure in the towed array hose. The hose wall material will have to be less dense and still meet all of the performance requirements for the towed array. TRI/Austin will call upon a significant bank of material development expertise and experience in developing rho-c materials to meet demanding performance requirements, finding and formulating the right combination of thermoplastics and additives to meet the requirements of the towed array hose application. Three strum suppression mechanisms will be analyzed and evaluated. The analysis will be performed using 3D computational fluid dynamics. The best performing strum suppressor, by analytical modeling, will be tested in a tow tank to verify the model conforms to test results.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
NAVY 09-059      Awarded: 6/26/2009
Title:Photonic Magnetometer-based Electric Current Perturbation Nondestructive Inspection System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a novel nondestructive method for volumetric inspection of welds and corrosion under thick polymeric coatings in steel hull structures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Photonic Magnetometer-based Electric Current Perturbation (PHOME) nondestructive inspection system. The system design based on a novel optically interrogated magnetic sensor offers sensitivity of 1 pico-Tesla/square root Hz in a bandwidth of 0.1 to 1,000 Hz needed for complete volumetric inspection and detection of sub-millimeter defects and corrosion. Innovative 2D mapping based on tracking technology and magnetic image analyses enables location and sizing of the detected defects. The system offers single-sided inspection through 50 mm- thick polymer coatings, and detection, location, and sizing of corrosion (

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Michael Zintl
NAVY 09-059      Awarded: 6/26/2009
Title:Innovative Millimeter-Wave Imaging System for Detecting Metal Defects through Polyurethane Coatings
Abstract:A continuing theme in shipboard monitoring is the need to inspect hulls of boats and submarines for signs of metal fatigue, typically manifesting as weld breaks, corrosion, and for submarines, metal-polymer debonding. Visual inspection remains the most reliable diagnostic, but is cumbersome if paint or plastic must be removed to reach the metal. Non- invasive diagnostics have problems too: eddy-current monitoring is reliable for weld fatigue, but not for corrosion onset or debonding, and polymers are opaque to ultrasound. Because missing a defect is unacceptable, existing non-visual methods are inherently slow. SARA proposes a millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging system, based on the science used for airport body scanners, to inspect welds without needing to remove the insulating layer. Because structural polymers typically have windows of transparency in the MMW domain, this technology provides rapid “see-thru” imaging of metal and associated defects in steel (such as those in butt/fillet welds, and corrosion onset). Stand-off scanning of a MMW imager will enable the Navy to localize weld joints and corrosion on quarter-wave scales (1mm or less), and will detect hairline cracks of even smaller scale. Debonding will be measured by phase rotation of multipath reflection, which only occurs when an air/water gap is present.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-9442
James Dante
NAVY 09-060      Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title:Low Voltage Anode Materials
Abstract:Zinc and aluminum based anodes are typically used for cathodic protection of Navy vessels as a secondary protection system in the event of paint failure. These anode materials have electrochemical potentials in the range of < -1000mV (SCE). However, potential for hydrogen embrittlement of high strength steel and nickel based alloys is significant within this range. This is particularly true in regions where only small coating defects exist resulting in complete polarization of the substrate to anode voltages. The focus of this effort is to develop new materials with an electrochemical potential within the range of -850mV (SCE) that are capable of supporting large anodic current densities. Luna proposes to exploit the use of specific chemical and electrochemical properties of oxide forming alloying elements to tailor the breakdown and corrosion potential of aluminum alloys into the desired range.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
NAVY 09-060      Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title:Computational Design and Development of Low-Voltage Sacrificial Anode
Abstract:Cathodic protection methods, employing a sacrificial anode, are used to prevent corrosion of iron-based structural components in marine environments. However, as a consequence of galvanic coupling, hydrogen charging of high-strength steels occurs leading to hydrogen embrittlement and stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). Under this proposed SBIR program, QuesTek Innovations LLC, a leader in the field of computational materials design, will develop a new alloy with a corrosion potential tuned to about -0.8V, with maximum current carrying capacity, that can eliminate or reduce the risk of hydrogen embrittlement of high strength materials, while providing efficient cathodic protection against corrosion. Based on QuesTek’s electrochemical framework alloying additions will be incorporated to achieve the desired corrosion potential along with a non-passive soluble oxide film. QuesTek’s mechanistic and computational Materials by Design® methodology is a viable strategy to rapidly develop an effective material solution with the ideal electrochemical and active corrosion properties. In the program QuesTek will partner with OEMs who will help define the material and process requirement matrix, and ultimately lead the alloy implementation. Concept feasibility will be demonstrated by cyclic polarization tests on model alloys fabricated in the Phase I program. Production-scale fabrication of the designed alloy will be demonstrated in Phase II.

Anacapa Sciences, Inc.
301 East Carrillo Street 2FL P. O. Box 519
Santa Barbara, CA 93102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-6157
V. Spiker
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Automatic User Interface Configuration Management
Abstract:The need for a rational strategy to manage the evolution of user interfaces (UI) during block upgrades in complex tactical weapon systems has been a daunting, and costly, challenge for all services, especially the Navy. The emergence of open and Service- Oriented Architectures has exacerbated this problem. Vendors of these systems and the government agree that design tools are needed which provide UI designers with an environment that semi- or automatically manages these changes. Working with our Phase III transition partner, Raytheon IDS, we plan to design, development, implement, and test TRUIDTM, Toolset for Rational User Interface Design. Developed as a Java plug-in, TRUID consists of a query-based design pattern recognizer, a system analyzer for parsing the UI into chunks, a task decomposer that breaks down system tasks hierarchically, an IF- THEN UI design rule engine that optimizes widget/controller configuration given task and mission context, a document compiler that automatically reconfigures as design changes are made, and a scenario-based training aid for system and UI designers. TRUID will be prototyped in Phase II and field tested in the context of a Navy weapon system of interest, such as the CCS MK2 Weapons Control System or the AN/BYG-1 Advanced Submarine Combat System.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0782
Frederick Gies
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Automatic User Interface Configuration Management
Abstract:Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the Navy solicitation: we will develop tools and methods enabling the development of software User Interfaces for different implementation platforms from single designs that are directly linked to and validated against requirements. The proposed EDAptive® COOL capability will build upon previous EDAptive Computing, Inc (ECI) knowledge and technology – itself innovative – to enable Software Engineers to rapidly develop re-usable User Interface designs that can be used to generate implementation source code for multiple languages. The resulting capabilities will result in major reductions in Software Engineering efforts to develop User Interfaces when they are required for different implementation targets but share equivalent end user requirements. Additionally, WYSIWYG development tools provided will be tied to requirements that are captured by Software Engineers. Software Engineers will be able to validate that their User Interface designs meet these end-user requirements entered. Prior experience and new research has already shown that ECI’s innovative software assets will be clearly adaptive to support rapid development of this critical Navy technology.

Iterativity, Inc.
3236 17th Ave. S.
Minneapolis, MN 55407
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 669-7433
Robin Penner
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Self-Configuring User Interface Design
Abstract:We propose to develop a tool that integrates diverse subsystems and automatically configures and composes well-designed, unified, and consistent user interfaces. Using active object-oriented models of situations, interactions, and interface elements, this tool will dynamically generate user interfaces that are specialized to each user, have a unified and common look and feel, require minimal training, and are consistent and easy to use. Because all knowledge is model-based, evolution and diversification are simple and verifiable. In Phase I, we will investigate the applicability of this approach to the NPES functions of Virginia-class submarines, culminating in a proof of concept system for a subset of functions, users, and tasks. In addition, we will perform directed research on the mechanisms required to allow system developers, integrators, and usability specialists to gracefully evolve and configure the system, and will investigate mechanisms for self-test and system self-improvement.

Rite-Solutions
110 W. Broad Street P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3399
Pat Luvara
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Automatic User Interface Configuration Management
Abstract:Rite-Solutions is please to respond to the Navy’s need for improvements in the development and management of submarine combat systems user interfaces. Rite- Solutions is proposing a new user interface design paradigm that incorporates both user interface design principles and automated user interface development and configuration management . This combination will radically improve how user interfaces are specified, designed, documented, developed, managed, and evaluated: drastically reducing the cost to develop while improving operability and user interface consistency.

Smart Information Flow Technologies, d/b/a SIFT
211 N 1st St. Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 716-4015
Christopher Miller
NAVY 09-061      Awarded: 7/1/2009
Title:Interface Management through Automated Generation and Evaluation (IMAGE)
Abstract:Configuration Management for User Interface (UI) design must go beyond traditional version control and traceability to include enforcement of style rules, assessment of required coverage and evaluation of compatibility and consistency with other systems or prior UI versions for similar tasks. SIFT has more 20 years experience developing and fielding interface evaluation and generation aids. We have developed a core representation and reasoning capability for describing the information needs of tasks, the information provided by displays and for computing the degree of match between the two. Furthermore, we describe methods, some used in prior projects, for performing sophisticated and traceable tradeoff reasoning among competing goals in UI generation. With these methods, UI evaluation and generation are closely related—it requires little additional effort to achieve one mode of interaction vs. the other. We explain these approaches and propose methods for using them, with innovative augmentation and integration into the Navy’s SOA environment, to provide IMAGE (Interface Management through Automated Generation and Evaluation) for UI configuration management of the advanced types described above. IMAGE will be developed together with Lockheed Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors for Navy submarine systems—notionally beginning with UIs for the Common Submarine Radio Room.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-9441
Michael Arlen
NAVY 09-062      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Aluminum Alloy Conditioning to Improve the Corrosion Resistance of Torpedo Fuel Tanks
Abstract:A large portion of the maintenance costs of exercised torpedoes are attributable to the condition based maintenance of torpedo fuel tanks. In addition to consuming limited financial and manpower resources, corrosion impacts mission capability and asset readiness by reducing operational availability and their performance envelope. During use, the fuel tank is backfilled with seawater and a reaction between the seawater and chemicals in the Otto II fuel occurs, which has been demonstrated to accelerate the corrosion process. In this program, Luna proposes to develop an aluminum alloy surface conditioning process that will improve the inherent corrosion resistance of torpedo alloy systems. When used in conjunction with the current protective coatings, improved corrosion performance can be expected, thereby decreasing corrosion life cycle costs. The Phase I development efforts will focus on optimizing the conditioner chemistry for alloys of use in torpedo fuel tanks, such as AA 7175, integrating the conditioner step into the coating process, and characterizing the improved corrosion performance.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2302
Ronald Cook
NAVY 09-062      Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title:Multimetal Corrosion Control for Otto Fuel Tanks and Engines
Abstract:The MK-48 torpedo was originally developed in the 1960s and went into active service in 1971. It is designed to combat both enemy nuclear submarines and high performance surface ships. Through a series of modifications, the offensive capability of the torpedo has kept up with advances in enemy military technology. Maintaining the MK-48 torpedo presents unique challenges. Torpedoes can be used multiple times for training and exercises. After such exercises, they must return to Intermediate Maintenance Activities (IMA) for turn-around before sea-water and exhaust products cause extensive corrosion damage. Corrosion control in the MK 48 torpedo is challenging since it is uses both 7000 series aluminum alloys (a corrodible alloy because it contains copper for strengthening) and stainless steel. In addition, many interfaces are sealed by o-rings, which can form spaces or crevices that trap seawater and/or corrosive exhaust products. It is estimated that 25% of the work involves corrosion mitigation. If the corrosion can be eliminated or slowed down a significant portion the IMA may be reduced or eliminated. Using computational algorithms and bench testing TDA will identify corrosion inhibitors that can be added to the fuel mixture to stop corrosion and reduce maintenance costs.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Ronald Ghen
NAVY 09-063      Awarded: 7/27/2009
Title:Water Impermeable, Easy Disconnect Electrical Cable Connector for Deep Sea Applications
Abstract:Developing an underwater electrical cable connector that completely prevents water intrusion at high and varying pressures, even when the connector is detached and re- attached often requires innovative technology development. To ensure the connector can be disconnected and reconnected while the submerged and still eliminate potential for seawater intrusion and grounding requires a pin insertion coupling technique not currently in use today. Progeny Systems proposes construction design techniques using encapsulated connector technology that would enable underwater mateable electrical connectors for use with data and power cables. Progeny intends to leverage technologies currently being developed for data and power transmission in support of N05-065 Phase II contract for Non-Hull Penetrating Hydrophone. This connection approach will fully prevent the occurrence of disruptive grounds, increase system reliability, and provide for end-user safety while adhering to shock and vibration requirements.

Williams-Pyro,Inc.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Roger Paulsel
NAVY 09-063      Awarded: 7/27/2009
Title:Water Impermeable, Easy Disconnect Electrical Cable Connector for Deep Sea Applications
Abstract:Williams-Pyro, Inc., proposes to develop a line of robust power and data connectors that are completely water impermeable, even under prolonged exposures to high and varying water pressures (up to 1800 psi) associated with deep-sea applications. In this solution, Williams-Pyro proposes to electrically connect standard Electrical Hull Fittings (EHFs) on Navy submarines to Dry Deck Shelters, Advanced Seal Delivery Systems, or other outboard or peripheral systems using electrical connector technology that is rugged, lightweight, cost-effective, safe, efficient, corrosion-resistant, relatively lightweight (< 1 lb), reliable enough for frequent connection and disconnection, and easy to assemble/connect/disconnect without special tools or training. This solution will encapsulate a hydrophobic gel material within an enclosed connector, such that connector pins are pressed through the gel to mating sockets, repelling away any water in the process. The compartment containing the gel will be separated from the external environment by one or more diaphragms, which will maintain the gel within the connector and serve to wipe water from the pins as they are passed through the diaphragms and into the gel to the sockets. A “grease zerk” reservoir device will be incorporated to replenish any gel lost over time.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
NAVY 09-064      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Navy Cash Next Generation
Abstract:The Navy currently uses a Smart Card based stored value system to provide sailors with the ability to make purchases on board a ship This system, called Navy Cash, has been implemented on a majority of the ships but the Navy is encountering problems of cost and maintenance is looking for an alternative that will automate back-end processes and allow newer authentication technologies such as biometric to be inducted. Harmonia proposes to develop a system that implements a “Bank ATM/POS-like” system onboard the ship which works in conjunction with standard bank issued debit cards, biometric authentication devices and a Navy-specific PIN set up by the sailor at the time of registration to create a secure and simple environment for cashless purchases. The system also fully automates the bank-end processes for reconciliation of transactions and settlement of accounts with vendors. It also provides a facility for disbursing cash while onboard without unduly taxing the disbursement officer’s time. The result is a system that can be implemented systematically and cost-effectively, provides significant savings in terms of management and long-term maintenance and is scalable and upgradeable to newer authentication processes as they mature.

Rite-Solutions
110 W. Broad Street P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3399
Rother Hodges
NAVY 09-064      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Navy Cash Next Generation
Abstract:The concept, design, and instantiation of a Next Generation Navy Cash system represents a clear opportunity for the DoD and Navy to leverage and intelligently apply advances in cardless technologies, future Navy shipboard Open Architecture (OA) processing and network infrastructures, and the account-based cashless financial transaction model. Objective research, investigation, and review of these technologies individually, and in the aggregate, presents an excellent opportunity to address key Navy Cash Next Generation objectives: „« Reduce Navy Cash Total Ownership Cost (TOC) „« Adoption of a superior cardless technology „« Provide significant qualify of life improvement for the sailor. Rite-Solutions¡¦ direct experience with OA systems, robust commercial account-based cashless transaction systems, future DoD/Navy shipboard architectures, and our related experience in Human System Integration (HSI), financial transaction security, and Information Assurance (IA) domains provides a unique and innovative view into next generation Navy Cash issues and opportunities.

Triad Biometrics LLC
3701 FAU Boulevard Suite 210
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 394-7791
Mark Cohen
NAVY 09-064      Awarded: 5/20/2009
Title:Navy Cash Next Generation
Abstract:Triad Biometrics LLC (“Triad”) proposes to develop in collaboration with Lockheed Martin Corporation (“Lockheed”) an innovative, secure and scalable human system based Next Generation Navy Cash (“NGNC”) solution to replace the existing stored value chip embedded in each of the current cards used by Navy (DoD) warfighters. Triad proposes to replace the stored value chip functions with a secured E-Purse on a centrally stored database in a Navy network accessible on board ship and locations on shore that currently process E-Purse transactions. Key benefits will include irrefutable, centralized identification and authorization, enhanced user convenience and increased productivity, while reducing operating and maintenance costs. Triad Enterprise Authentication and Migration System (“TEAMS”), developed by Triad, utilizes a highly discriminating fingerprint matching system with several patent pending innovative features: replay protection, secure exception mode, automatic alias detection, unique licensing,objective device selection, optional duress alerting and biometric user feedback. TEAMS interoperates with multiple fingerprint capture devices, databases, and application servers. A customized implementation of TEAMS in the NGNC solution will increase transaction security and user friendliness as stored value card functions and related pin codes are eliminated. The feasibility of integrating TEAMS with NGNC will be analyzed in this Phase I effort.

Atmospheric Plasma Solutions
11301 Penny Road Suite D
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8325
Peter Yancey
NAVY 09-065      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Media Free Coatings Removal Technology for Navy Platforms using Atmospheric Plasma
Abstract:The Navy and other DoD components require a media-free, environmentally friendly, rapid, and non-destructive method to remove coatings applied on and aboard Navy ships. Atmospheric Plasma Solutions Inc. (APS) has developed an atmospheric plasma process to accomplish this goal. Current processes for the removal of coatings for shipboard applications are expensive, require massive amounts of energy, and are potentially damaging to the environment. APS has previously demonstrated the effectiveness of its ionized atmospheric plasma process in the quick and efficient removal of coatings from a wide variety of aerospace related metal and temperature-sensitive substrates. This atmospheric plasma removal process should be adaptable to service naval and marine coating formulations as well. A modest amount of electricity and a low pressure air source are the only support materials required for the process to operate. The APS process is inherently scalable to meet the coating removal needs of both large and small applications alike, field repair applications as well as large scale dry-dock operations.

Native American Technologies Company
P.O. Box 39
Golden, CO 80402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 279-7942
Jerry Jones
NAVY 09-065      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:An Induction Cavitation Cleaning and Profiling System for Metal Plate Surfaces
Abstract:Develop a new and innovative system for cleaning paint and other coatings from surfaces and producing the necessary profile for applying new coatings. The process will use induction heating to create bubbles and a pressure differential to collapse the bubbles causing cavitation to occur, resulting in surface cleaning and profiling.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Russ Jeffers
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:In situ learning for underwater object recognition
Abstract:Sea mines are a cost-effective method for hostile forces to attempt to neutralize assets of the U.S. Navy by limiting mobility and creating delay. Mine detection, classification and localization (DCL) is very challenging in littoral environments due to the high clutter, increased background, and dense multipath. 3 Phoenix, Inc. has developed an innovative approach for automatic target detection and classification of sea mines and other underwater targets of interest. The proposed algorithm robustly adapts to changes in environment and has the potential for dramatically reducing false alarm rate, while still maintaining a high probability of detection and classification. A novel, efficient method of training the classifier is formulated and retraining for adaptation is performed intrinsically with weight optimization. The algorithm is generalized to work over several sensor types and sensor modalities. The proposed algorithm has the potential to reduce operator load while reducing false positives in classification.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Michael Roemer
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:An Evolutionary Learning and Adaptive Underwater Object Recognition System
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with our research partners at Georgia Tech, propose to develop an evolutionary, learning-based object recognition technology suite that is capable of robust, in situ adaptation of underwater target assessments. The automated feedback learning mechanisms proposed herein will provide a unique capability to adapt the feature extraction, selection and classification process that can lead to improved false alarm and target identification rates as the system is matured. The core technical innovations of this project will include: 1) development of an adaptive image segmentation and feature extraction/selection process based on a specialized evolutionary computing algorithm; 2) development of a novel ensemble learning process for performing fusion of various classifiers across sensor types, environments, and target classes; 3) development of a particle filtering framework for robustly adapting the parameters of the algorithms for identifying the underwater objects; and 4) development of the associated reinforcement learning process for tuning and controlling the image analysis process over time. At the completion of Phase I, a computer demonstration of the adaptive object recognition software library that illustrates a robust and adaptive ability to recognize underwater targets of interest will be performed. Phase II will fully develop the prototype system and demonstrate in-situ, adaptive object recognition in a more realistic underwater environments using government provided datasets.

Information Systems Technologies, Inc.
5412 Hilldale Court
Fort Collins, CO 80526
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 224-2556
M. Azimi-Sadjadi
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:In-Situ Adaptation For Underwater Target Detection and Classification Using An Information Theoretic Approach
Abstract:A critical need of the U.S. Navy is the development of a reliable, efficient and robust underwater target detection and classification system that can operate in real-time with various sonar systems and in different environmental and operating conditions. To maintain performance in such conditions, new solutions are needed to update the detection and classification systems in-situ in response to environmental and operational changes. The main goal of this Phase I research is to develop innovative solutions that offer in-situ learning ability for classification and possible identification of underwater targets using (a) a model-reference mechanism that incorporates input/output relations within a set of a new samples with class/within-class labels and confidence scores, (b) a relevance-feedback mechanism that attempts to capture expert operators high-level decision-making concepts via operators feedback, (c) an information-theoretic selective sampling method to extract the most informative training samples from the new environment, and (d) demonstration of the effectiveness of the algorithms on sonar data sets. The unique advantage of our proposed solutions is the ability to offer system flexibility while preserving the stability of the previously learnt information. Additionally, the system is simple and amenable for real-time implementation on a wide variety of sensor platforms.

Signal Innovations Group, Inc.
1009 Slater Rd. Suite 200
Durham, NC 27703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 323-3452
Patrick Rabenold
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:In situ learning for underwater object recognition
Abstract:We propose a principled in situ learning framework that is appropriate for a Bayesian classifier implemented with semi-supervised and multi-task learning. We will investigate several different forms of in situ learning, and will perform testing on measured data to help define which is most appropriate for Navy sensing missions. In addition, we will develop new techniques for feature adaptivity and selection, to tune the features to the particular targets and clutter in the environment under test.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Joseph Yadegar
NAVY 09-066      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Incremental Knowledge Assimilator
Abstract:Mine countermeasures is an important aspect of Navy reconnaissance interests and reliable mine detection still remains a challenge. For automatic mine detection in underwater sonar applications, research has indicated that the identifying the context of the scene will improve the recognition performance. Further, there is a need to constantly update and modify the representative knowledge base with information from new target and background samples. Based on advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence and their sophisticated applications to intelligent imaging solutions, we propose an Incremental Knowledge Assimilator that can identify the environmental context in the scene and optimally incorporates new and relevant data samples into the knowledge base (classifier) in an incremental fashion with minimal memory and computation requirements. The incremental learning algorithm is designed to facilitate concept drift. Since the goal of the system is to learn perpetually, it lays higher stress on learning the patterns the each mode of the distribution (or each class) rather than focusing merely on the separation of classes. We present preliminary performance results to validate our methodology.

Nova Photonics, Inc.
One Oak Place
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 258-5631
Fred Levinton
NAVY 09-067      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optical Filter for Submarine Laser Communications
Abstract:Nova Photonics proposes to design an optical filter that will be tailored specifically to the submarine-laser communication application. The filter will be tunable/reconfigurable to operate at a set of chosen wavelengths within the 450 nm to 550 nm range. It will feature a field-of-view and bandpass that are optimized to take advantage of solar dark bands and available laser technology. It will have a large aperture and high transmission.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Scherer
NAVY 09-067      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Atomic Resonance Filter for Undersea Laser Communication
Abstract:The proposed Small Business Innovative Research Phase I program will develop a compact, efficient, narrowband optical filter for use in undersea laser communications. The active Mg atomic resonance filter will employ pump lasers in combination with a communications laser beam at 518 nm to drive Mg atoms in a vapor cell to an excited state, and monitor fluorescence from the excited state to deliver an efficient, narrow bandwidth method of light detection. The target application is a receiver link in a free- space laser communications system between airborne and undersea vehicles. During the Phase I program Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will build a bench prototype of the active atomic resonance filter and characterize its operation at the communications wavelength in terms of bandwidth and efficiency. During the Phase II program PSI will draw on the experience of its wholly owned subsidiary, Q-Peak, to deliver a compact, deployable version of the optical filter for field testing in a marine environment. In the development beyond the Phase II program, PSI will team employ the expertise of Q-Peak in the area of high-power blue-green laser development for a complete system integration of an undersea laser communications link.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 954-6049
Amber Fischer
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Sensor And Track Fusion for Collaborative Reconnaissance (SEA TRAFFCR)
Abstract:The driving force behind ONR’s unmanned sea surface vehicle (USSV) program is the great potential for these versatile vehicles to support Navy ships in the littoral environment. However, if USSVs are to fulfill this expectation, efforts must be made to make them less challenging to operate in order to reduce the manpower footprint. In a perfect world, these systems would be cooperative heterogeneous mobile entities balancing resource allocation, onboard/offboard processing, prioritization, and communications themselves. To meet this challenge, 21st Century Systems, Incorporated (21CSI) is pleased to propose the Sensor And Track Fusion for Collaborative Reconnaissance (SEA TRAFFCR) concept. We propose to exploit the synergy between an innovative data correlation/fusion concept and a novel track correlation and association algorithm. The marriage of these innovative algorithms create a tool that will combine sensor data and tracks from heterogeneous and distributed sources into an accurate and timely common operating picture. With our impressive track record of being able to transition technology (100th percentile on the DoD commercialization index) and our strong research and development team, 21CSI is the right team at the right time to propel the USSV program to its littoral destiny.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4813
Olivier Toupet
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Mobile-Agent-Based Collaborative Sensor Fusion
Abstract:The network-centric warfare concept relies heavily on disparate sensor information, coming from the ground (e.g. special ops), the surface (including USVs), various manned and unmanned air vehicles, and space, all processed and made available on tactical and strategic networks to a variety of users. Many such sensors distributed in a littoral environment would result in a complex mesh of information, motivating fusion approaches that take into consideration the communication and energy constraints of the sensors. Such complex fusion, processing, and distribution concepts will require next-generation solutions including automated sensor tasking, information and network management, distributed data fusion, and new approaches to information distribution. Aurora is proposing to develop an approach that covers all the aspects of the solicited technology from the study of sensors and how to most efficiently combine them for multi-target tracking (MTT), to the implementation of advanced data fusion and association techniques from geographically distributed, heterogeneous sensors, to the development of a communication and energy efficient network architecture based on the innovative mobile agent concept, that will provide operators with a reliable operational picture. Aurora’s experience on multi-vehicle coordination and sensor fusion for MTT puts it in a unique position to meet the challenges of this solicitation.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Scott Harrison
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Data Integration across Distributed Autonomous Sensor Platforms (DIDASP)
Abstract:Unmanned vehicles have become an increasingly important tool of the U.S. armed forces in recent military conflicts. It is critical that these vehicles be able to fuse data from a variety of heterogeneous, widely dispersed sensor platforms into meaningful information, and share that information in a timely manner among groups of friendly manned and unmanned units. Charles River Analytics proposes an effort to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a system supporting Data Integration over Distributed Autonomous Sensor Platforms (DIDASP). We will construct a system that uses Probabilistic Relational Models to fuse local sensor data on a simulated USV. This data will be shared across a network of simulated USVs, that will be able to incorporate the distributed data into their own fusion efforts in turn, thereby creating a clearer common operational picture for the entire network. Human operators will be able to query the network for specific information about any given sensor contact detected by the USVs. They will also be able to use a rules engine to establish a set of automatic update and alert criteria.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
W. Monach
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Decentralized and Autonomous Data Fusion Service (DADFS)
Abstract:In this SBIR project Daniel H. Wagner Associates will develop a Decentralized and Autonomous Data Fusion Service (DADFS) for heterogeneous Unmanned Vehicles (UVs) that, when incorporated into existing and future UV platforms and UV command and control systems, will (1) create a Common Operational Picture (COP) on each UV node using sensor data from all communicating UV nodes and any other available relevant additional data; (2) synchronize this COP across all UV nodes within the constraints of the available limited and intermittent communications links by making optimal use of available bandwidth; and (3) (when human operators are available) provide alerts, requests for assistance, and the relevant COP information to UV operators in an intuitive and quickly/accurately comprehended manner. We will design and implement DADFS so that it (1) can be easily integrated into existing and future UV platform and command and control architectures, and (2) minimizes the processing and bandwidth necessary to generate and synchronize the COP, and also minimizes the operator time spent interacting with the COP.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Liang Tang
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Mobile-Agent-Based Autonomous Data Fusion for Distributed Sensors
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC in collaboration with Wright State University and Northrop Grumman, proposes to develop and demonstrate a mobile-agent-based decentralized data fusion system that fuses the data from geographically-dispersed heterogeneous sensors into an integrated ISR information system. Unlike conventional centralized methods, in which each sensor sends local information to a processing center for integration, in the proposed approach, data will first be processed on the sensor nodes, then fused locally within a group of unmanned vehicles using lightweight mobile-agents before the information is further fused at system level. Instead of transmitting large amounts of data over the network, the mobile-agent with partially integrated results migrates from one node to another performing data fusion at each node visited. This results in a reliable power-efficient data fusion process that improves decision accuracy in a progressive fashion without requiring a high bandwidth. The system will be built on a hierarchical open system architecture using standard protocols while the software implementation and integration will follow a well-established system engineering approach. At the conclusion of Phase I, a design concept will be developed and feasibility will be demonstrated through software simulation using typical littoral ISR scenarios.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 792-8904
Mark Anderson
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Distributed Fusion for Sensor Fields - MP 04-09
Abstract:A new distributed data fusion system design will result from this Phase I SBIR project. The new data fusion system will be tailored to geographically disperse sensor fields that can be formed by a group of manned or unmanned vehicles. Autonomous operation will be emphasized, with prioritization assigned to selected target tracks and timely alerts provided to system operators. The NodestarPlus software program is a multi-target tracker developed by Metron for heterogeneous sensor fields in anti-submarine warfare applications. Metron has also developed the Multiple-Source Correlation and Tracking (MCT) data fusion architecture. The MCT architecture minimizes data exchange requirements while allowing each network node to reproduce an identical copy of the common operating picture. The new distributed fusion system will combine NodestarPlus and MCT technologies. Feasibility of the hybrid fusion concept will be validated using simulations studies in Phase I.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Adel Al-Fallah
NAVY 09-068      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Integrated Multiplatform-Multisource Decentralized Information Fusion for Heterogeneous Distributed Sensor Systems
Abstract:Autonomous decentralized multiplatform information fusion in littoral and riverine environments using dispersed and highly disparate heterogeneous sensors on unmanned systems is a major theoretical and practical challenge. Besides highly diverse information types, systems of this kind must deal with potentially large target numbers, closely- spaced targets, potentially dense clutter, limited communication bandwidth and intermittency. The Scientific Systems Company, Inc. (SSCI) team proposes a foundational approach, based on five innovations: (1) a multisensor-multitarget likelihood function f_{k+1}(Z_{k+1}|X) that encapsulates all relevant information regarding the characteristics of the various sensors situated on various platforms; (2) unified probabilistic representation and Bayesian processing of heterogeneous information types, such as radar, EO/IR images, acoustics, and even inference rules and natural-language statements; (3) a dynamic "tactical importance function" (TIF) that mathematically specifies the meaning of target prioritization ("tactical significance") for a given theater at any given moment, thus providing a statistical basis for automatic operator alerting; (4) integration of these concepts with track-before-detect filters; and (5)theoretically rigorous incorporation of the constraints due to the platform, terrain, and other communication- systems topologies and constraints. Under this approach, information from disparate fixed or mobile netted sensors---including those providing feature information---can be adaptively and optimally fused to create a common operational picture, based on a dynamically changing definition of target importance. Our project team includes Lockheed Martin, iRobot, and Kairos Autonomi. Lockheed Martin will provide both technical and commercialization support in the application of data fusion for Distributed Sensor Systems. iRobot and Kairos Autonomi will support fabrication of a prototype system in Phase II.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
Bhanumathi Chelluri
NAVY 09-069      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Improved Electrical Contact Materials for Extremely High Current Sliding Contact Materials
Abstract:For Naval railgun technology to be a reality launch package armature mass and armature induced rail wear must be significantly reduced. Lighter materials with enhanced electro- thermal properties and mechanical properties equivalent to current aluminum alloys are required. IAP is proposing the development of a powder metal (P/M) magnesium armature material reinforced with aligned carbon nano-tube (CNT) fibers, which will significantly enhance the electro-thermal performance of the armature material. With appropriate alignment of the CNT fibers we expect to achieve armature mass reductions of 15-45% over conventional Al6061-T6 and Al7075-T6 materials. In addition, Magnesium P/M armatures may be beneficial to bore life in that they will not with potential rail surface materials such as steel.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 328-5800
Jason Sebastian
NAVY 09-069      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Improved Electrical Contact Materials for Extremely High Current Sliding Contact Materials
Abstract:QuesTek proposes to apply its Materials by Design® technology to the design and development of a new material for Navy railgun armature applications. Microstructural concepts for new alloy designs will focus on improved strength, on improved conductivity (electrical and thermal), increased heat capacity, and on reduced reactivity (specifically, interactions between the armature and rail materials). In all cases, it is not simply the ambient properties that are important, but also their dependence on temperature—the railgun environment is a dynamic one where temperatures rise rapidly, and where local melting of the armature at the rail/armature interface is ubiquitous. An important aspect of QuesTek’s alloy design will be the mitigation of so-called “liquation cracking” in current armature materials. In the SBIR program, we will work closely with our OEM partner (General Atomics) to carefully define the critical property and performance criteria for advanced armatures. Prototype alloy designs will be produced and tested at laboratory scale in Phase I. In Phase II, final alloy designs could be produced at intermediate scale, and actual armatures could be fabricated and tested in conjunction with our OEM partner.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 713-5230
Paul Leisher
NAVY 09-070      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Laser Diodes for Eye-Safe LADAR
Abstract:High-power solid state lasers operating beyond 1300-nm have been proposed as “eye- safer” sources in military applications such as LADAR and directed energy weapons. Erbium-doped solid state lasers provide an attractive gain medium due to emission at eyesafe wavelengths , and the potential for low and ultra-low quantum defect pumping by diode lasers operating around 1470-nm and 1532-nm, respectively . As a result, there is currently great interest in the further development of high-power, high-efficiency diode lasers at these wavelengths to better enable efficient (direct) pumping of such laser systems. Under the proposed Phase 1 program, nLight will design, grow, fabricate, test, and deliver to the Navy (or a recipient of their choosing) a 50W (rated, 25 ºC) compact, conductively-cooled diode laser pump module, coupled to a 200 µm core, 0.22 NA fiber. The unit will emit at 1532 nm with a linewidth of 0.3 nm FWHM with an electrical-to-optical efficiency (measured at the fiber output) of 35%. As an option to the program, nLight will conduct a second iteration of design, growth, and fabrication to target improved temperature performance.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2547
Igor Kudryashov
NAVY 09-070      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Laser Diodes for Eye-Safe LADAR
Abstract:Fiber coupled pump source is solicited with a desired power of 50W into a 300 micron fiber core, spectral stability at 1470nm or 1532nm, and a line width smaller than 0.5nm. We present several concepts to be studied to develop this pump laser based on our existing design capabilities and experience. Scientist from Princeton Lightwave have been involved in several government funded R&D activities in the field of InP based pump lasers and Er:YAG laser systems, and we plan on building on this knowledge base and experience to develop the solution solicited. We propose to compare two approaches: 1. Mini-bars with custom emitters and pitch and 2. Single emitters. Both solutions will be tested to a degree that will allow us to decide on the merits of each one of them and to design the actual laser system. We also propose an optional phase in which we will deepen the investigation to include a third approach: to use single-mode emitters in a mini- bar format. We propose to test this approach and to investigate the possibility of spectral combining - other than the spatial and polarization approached which will be investigated in Phase I.

Jenius, LLC
P.O. Box 1617
Pasadena, MD 21123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 904-3631
Jennifer Narkevicius
NAVY 09-071      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optimized Manning and Crew Design Tools for Future Surface and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Manpower is a huge driver of Life Cycle Cost and Total Ownership Cost and cannot be ignored in the acquisition of new materiel systems. To maintain high levels of mission effectiveness while reducing the required manpower Human Systems Integration (HSI) must be an integral part of the acquisition, requirements, and design processes. HSI can be utilized to bring manpower analyses closer to systems engineering analyses, ensuring that these technologies best support the crewmembers that must interact with them. The overall goal of this three phase SBIR effort is to design and develop a flexible framework and architecture for a suite of optimized manning and crew design tools that can be utilized to assess HSI aspects of new or updated ship designs. Phase I tasks include gathering required CONOPS for a selected surface or undersea platform and associated empirical human performance data to leverage, extend, and integrate selected current tools, models, data and algorithms.

OptTek Systems, Inc.
1919 Seventh Street
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 447-3255
James Kelly
NAVY 09-071      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:OptCrew: Optimized Manning and Crew Design Tools for Future Surface and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Recognizing the need to reduce manpower costs overall, the Navy has undertaken new strategies in weapon systems design, with a focus on significantly reducing manpower and workload requirements. The necessary next step is to develop OptCrew, a suite of tools and models to help identify the optimal design for future platforms, providing a balance of system capability with human affordability without sacrificing mission effectiveness. OptCrew will help manpower planners identify high workload drivers and other design aspects that drive excessive manpower costs, such as lengthy training pipelines or maintenance requirements that may be workload-intensive or require training- intensive skill sets. Furthermore, these will be linked to specific operational contexts in order to formulate the appropriate metrics, necessary for the quantitative analyses of the proposed alternatives.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3902
Robert Kurzawa
NAVY 09-071      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optimized Manning and Crew Design Tools for Future Surface and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Sonalysts, Inc. proposes to develop a flexible framework and architecture for a suite of optimized manning and crew design tools that will assist the Navy to accurately estimate shipboard manpower requirements and suggest alternative system designs for optimizing the manpower on future Naval platforms. Current and historical methods and tools have been limited in scope (either too high or too granular a level of analysis), have poorly addressed some key factors impacting manning, and have lacked validation. The objective of this research project will be to develop an HSI integration CONOPS for a selected surface platform acquisition program by examining the current HSI integration process across the MPTE/JCIDS, and Acquisition processes to verify anticipated user needs. We will then assess the feasibility of integrating currently available tools, models, and algorithms into an HSI tool suite architecture capable of providing relevant information within the CONOPS framework. The Sonalysts research project team has pertinent experience in HSI including tool development, MPTE and PPBES, and the DoD Requirements and Acquisition systems. This research project will provide the U. S. Navy with a new capability to perform accurate manpower estimations and alternative crew design assessments.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jeffrey Breedlove
NAVY 09-072      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Compact Turbo-Rankine Bottoming Cycle
Abstract:Electric generators for military and civilian applications produce large amounts of waste heat. This heat can produce additional electric power via a bottoming cycle. The resulting power would enable the use of more electronic devices and/or reduce fuel consumption and its associated costs and logistical burdens. Large power plants frequently use bottoming cycles, but smaller generators rarely include them. The primary reason is that the bottoming systems would be relatively large and inefficient for the low heat source temperatures and low power capacities associated with mobile generators. Fundamental thermodynamic limits, scaling penalties, and manufacturing constraints are the greatest limitations. Fortunately, Creare has focused intense effort on the development of miniature turbomachines, heat exchangers, and thermodynamic systems for nearly 30 years, making us an ideal candidate for this project. We propose to develop a 10 kWe turbo- Rankine system that can be used as either a bottoming cycle or a standalone generator. The resulting system will have extremely high power density and efficiency. We will perform design analyses, conduct trade studies, develop preliminary designs for the components and system, and assess producibility and life-cycle costs during Phase I; followed by fabrication and testing of a breadboard turbo-Rankine generator during Phase II.

Johnson Research & Development Co., Inc.
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
James Muller
NAVY 09-072      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Power Dense Bottoming Cycles for Microturbine Energy Recovery
Abstract:The United States Navy (USN) is seeking innovative, power dense bottoming cycles for use in conjunction with microturbines. We propose a transformative and innovative, solid- state heat engine, the Johnson Thermoelectric Energy Converter (JTEC, US Patent 7,160,839) as an efficient power generator for advanced waste heat recovery for electricity generation. The JTEC technology was given a 2008 Breakthrough Award by Popular Mechanics and has also been featured in IEEE magazine “Spectrum”. The engine is a direct heat to electric converter and can operate on a very wide range of heat source temperatures. The JTEC, which operates on the Carnot equivalent Ericsson cycle, can efficiently and directly convert thermal energy to electricity. The targeted power output for the bottoming cycle is 10kW at full load with a source temperature of 260°C. Preliminary models suggest that the JTEC can achieve the goals suggested in this solicitation.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5818
John Dieckmann
NAVY 09-072      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Power Dense Bottoming Cycles for Microturbine Energy Recovery
Abstract:TIAX LLC proposes to develop an organic Rankine bottoming cycle utilizing a scroll expander with HFC-245fa working fluid, which will use the waste heat content from the exhaust from a microturbine to generate additional elecric power. The scroll expander provides high efficiency at both on and off design conditions and at full and part load conditions. THe design of the scroll expander is a derivative of the existing TIAX carbon dioxide expander technology. HFC-245fa is a benign, readily available working fluid whose thermodynamic properties allow a large amount of the heat content of the microturbine exhaust to be utilized. The proposed scroll expander technology is also applicable to bottoming cycles for heavy duty truck engines, where the expander would be mechanically connected to the engine shaft via the accessory belt drive.

Eikos, Inc.
2 Master Drive
Franklin, MA 02038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 528-0300
David Britz
NAVY 09-073      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Large-Volume Production of Monodisperse Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:The holy grail of nanotube research is to obtain batches of specific types, chiralities and diameters of carbon nanotubes. Eikos proposes to assess several methods already verified methods for producing monodisperse nanotubes for their scalability. Eikos will attempt several aqueous-based methods to separate nanotubes, including centrifugation- and electrophoresis-based methods. Eikos brings a decade of experience in nanotube purification, dispersion, separation, coating, and characterization. This experience has shown us the most relevant variables for producing monodisperse nanotubes, regardless of separation technique. We will apply this experience to specific separation techniques, use our results in a bottom-up cost and scalability model, and then assess which techniques are most likely to scale economically and produce useful quantities of monodisperse nanotube fractions. If successful, Eikos will overcome one of the last barriers in realizing the full commercial potential of carbon nanotubes for optics and electronics.

NanoIntegris, Inc.
8025 Lamon Avenue Suite 43
Skokie, IL 60077
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 581-1481
Nathan Yoder
NAVY 09-073      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Large-Volume Production of Monodisperse Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:In this Phase I project and the corresponding Phase I Option, we will investigate the feasibility of utilizing density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU) for the production of large quantities of high-purity, semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes with a narrow diameter distribution (1.3-1.7 nm). In Phase I, we will focus on streamlining our DGU process in order to enhance its scalability. We will subsequently adapt our streamlined process to operating parameters that will make it compatible with larger capacity equipment. In the Phase I Option, we will optimize our streamlined process to improve its key figures of merit, including yield, mass output, and purity.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
David Schut
NAVY 09-073      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Large-Volume Production of Monodisperse Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Abstract:A prototype high-volume continuous-flow carbon nanotube (CNT) synthesis process will be developed to implement a process that has demonstrated >95% yields of high-purity CNTs. The reactor’s multi-zone furnace and direct-injection catalyst delivery system will be placed under computer control, and the product stream will be delivered to a modified version of an existing flow-synthesis reactor. This system will be used to provide the capability to deagglomerate, purify, functionalize, stabilize, and characterize the CNTs. In- line product characterization and control monitoring will be integrated, including UV-VIS- NIR photoluminescence, Raman, pH, and time-resolved fluorescence. In-line centrifuging and size-exclusion chromatography will be used to sort the CNT product. The product will be analyzed using X-ray, electron-microscope, and thermal gravitational methods. The flexibility and control of the continuous-flow system will allow statistically significant measure of the process quality — allowing for efficient scaling. Life-cycle cost, including capital requirements, for a multi-ton/day factory will be performed alongside an environmental impact analysis. The results of the Phase I program will result in a complete end-to-end demonstration of the prototype system. These results will be used in Phase II to optimize the CNT manufacturing, and scale to moderate-volume production.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6061
Michael Ellis
NAVY 09-074      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Vortex Enhanced Direct Contact Heat Exchanger for Navy HVAC
Abstract:As thermal management requirements aboard Navy platforms increase, conventional HVAC technology is becoming a liability in terms of mass, volume, and heat transfer capability. Future thermal demands will increase and the majority of this load will be handled by either the HVAC or chilled water system. Advances in heat exchanger technology are necessary to remove the increased thermal energy without imposing significant mass and volume penalties. To address this issue, ACT intends to develop an advanced direct contact HVAC heat exchanger capable of providing an estimated 85% mass and 15% volume reduction, improved heat transfer performance, and increased throughput as compared with traditional cooling coils. In addition, this heat exchanger offers inherent, 95% efficient filtration of particles larger than 5 ƒÝm and the option of improved biocontaminant control. The objective of the proposed work is to develop a heat exchanger capable of providing 1 ton of cooling per 1.8 gpm of 4.4 ¢XC (40 ¢XF) water with face velocities of 1000 ft/min and no moisture carry-over while providing reduced system mass and volume compared with current cooling coil technology. Completion of these tasks will involve complete analytical modeling of the proposed system, prototype design, and performance testing.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8302
John Kelly
NAVY 09-074      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Compact and Efficient Cooling Coils for Naval Systems
Abstract:More compact and efficient cooling coils are needed to address increased heat management loads on Navy systems. Altex has identified an advanced cooling coil approach that can achieve the needed cooling, at half the typical cooling water flow, at face velocities exceeding 1000 fpm, without condensate carryover. Preliminary tests have shown the heat transfer potential of the concept. Under the proposed Phase I project, the concept will be adapted to the Navy cooling coil application of interest; and the performance and cost benefits of the concept will be determined, versus alternative techniques. In support of this assessment effort, a test article will be built and tested. These efforts will show the feasibility of the concept for cooling coil applications of interest.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Woodrow Holley
NAVY 09-074      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Performance Lightweight Heat Exchanger for Naval Systems
Abstract:KaZaK Composites and our partners propose to develop an innovative concept to replace legacy cooling coils on Naval Systems. The solution will optimize heat transfer from the high-velocity air flows to a cooling agent (water supply line), at the same time reducing moisture carryover by employing advanced materials and coating technologies. The solution will use lightweight materials featuring excellent thermal properties. Weight and cost savings will ensue not only from the lower bulk density of the material employed, but also from the fact that less water will be necessary to run through the porous foam to provide cooling power. Additionally, advanced coating techniques will reduce moisture carryover and improve condensate collection. Using the collective expertise of our academic and industry partners, a detailed concept will be developed, and extensive analytical work will be conducted to confirm the feasibility of such approach. If awarded a Phase II, our team will apply Phase I concept and materials to the fabrication of a full scale cooling element to replace the legacy model DW 61.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Roger Paulsen
NAVY 09-075      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Power Hopping Filter
Abstract:Mobile command and control vehicles must communicate on several communication nets. With several radio systems on board, the antenna signature of these vehicles can get very large and increase the vehicle’s rate of identification by unfriendly forces. Co-site interference is also an issue on these vehicles, and the interference gets worse when multiple radios share a single antenna to reduce the antenna signature. Current systems for reducing co-site interference in command and control vehicles are large and consume a significant amount of power. DataSoft proposes to research a high power multiplexer design that is much smaller and uses much less power than the existing systems. This will be accomplished with DataSoft’s innovative tunable filters that can handle high power levels yet have a very small form factor. These narrowband, high Q tunable filters have excellent linearity and will enable the USMC to operate up to eight SINCGARS radios using a single antenna. With the DataSoft system, the USMC command and control vehicles can operate up to eight SINCGARS nets without increasing their antenna signature and with minimal impact on maximum communication range.

WaveCon
1432 Mandeville Place
Escondido, CA 92029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 747-6922
Kenneth Johnson
NAVY 09-075      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Power Hopping Filter
Abstract:This SBIR analyzes approaches for high power VHF hopping filters in which eight filters are used in a multi-coupler configuration so that a single antenna can provide signals to eight SINCGARS radios. Three approaches were studied: 1) a filter with series connected diodes, 2) a filter with shunt connected diodes and 3) a combline filter. A series input L-C bandpass filter is described which can meet the high power, tunability, insertion loss and out-of-band rejection. A series cascade of two filters is used to get the out-of-band rejection. Tuning is done by use of multiple pin diodes/capacitors combination in which the capacitor combinations are selected by pin diode switching. A transient analysis was done to determine the required voltage and current capability for the devices. Devices are available which will withstand the high power, current, and voltage. The multi-coupler provides a switch around the second of the 2-filter cascade to permit improved radio performance. A T/R Switch/limiter circuit prevents the 50 watts from damaging the radios. An analysis done on eight hopping filters in a multi-coupler showed that there was little interaction between the filters.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
4515 Seton Center Parkway Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Laura Hitt
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:ASCRIBE
Abstract:Asymmetric actors and the networks in which they operate are prominent components in the modern battlespace. While the United States has developed sophisticated data gathering capabilities and recent technological innovations have led to improved information fusion, massive volumes of data remain unused or under-used because the data cannot be converted into the information that the warfighter needs. Consequently, situational awareness is impaired, many individuals and networks are not understood, and warfighters are often forced to “fly blind” over the human terrain. To address this gap, 21st Century Technologies (21CT) proposes ASCRIBE – Adapting SNA Computations and Relevant Intelligence for Behavior Extrapolation. ASCRIBE will marry the computational science capable of producing high-level mathematical models of human activity with the social science that allows the creation of behavioral models of individual people and networks. ASCRIBE leverages 21CT’s extensive experience in processing, refining and fusing intelligence data on asymmetric actors and networks. For the ASCRIBE project, we have partnered with Professor Sean Everton, of the Naval Postgraduate School, who is a social scientist specializing in the study of dark networks and asymmetric threat actors. ASCRIBE will research and ultimately realize technology that fills a critical gap in our ability to exploit intelligence data

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
James Stokes
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Representation Environment for Translated Network Analyses (RETNA)
Abstract:Driven by immediate homeland security concerns, much recent research has focused on formal predictive methodologies. The effectiveness and even the appropriateness of these methodologies continue to be hotly debated. Analyses focused at the organizational or mid-range level of group activity offer an alternative approach with potential for significant near term return. Social network analysis is a mature research area which has already proven useful in mid-range analyses. Measures of centrality (betweenness, closeness, etc.) are key products of social network analysis, with clear applicability to threat anticipation. A substantial number of measures are already available, but the relative utility of any particular measure for any given task is seldom obvious to the non- specialist. CHI Systems, Inc. will develop a Representation Environment for Translation of Network Analyses (RETNA). RETNA will provide task-appropriate translations of network measures into behavioral attributes. Ultimately, the resulting environment will allow analysts to simultaneously visualize networks and individual behavioral metadata and, in turn, relate those visualizations to the analyst’s current situational awareness through temporal and geographical context. Leveraging existing network analysis software, RETNA will provide an environment in which analysts will be able to efficiently integrate translated network metrics into the larger analysis process.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5015
Jonathan Day
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Context Oriented Subject Matter Intelligence Capture (COSMIC)
Abstract:In an insurgency — a type of conflict characterized as a “learning contest” due to the extreme flexibility and adaptability of insurgent tactics and operations — the force that is able to perform the most thorough and rapid exploitation of its intelligence data will gain an important advantage. This learning contest provides a sharp contrast to a static form of the same problem. Because the enemy is constantly changing their tactics, a learning contest requires tools and systems that can re-solve and readjust solutions on an ongoing basis. The DAC Team’s unique approach to the problem of winning the learning contest combines the creativity, experience and intuition of SMEs with our powerful suite of data mining, machine learning and social network modeling algorithms. The system we propose to develop under this SBIR effort will foster a partnership between the human expert and our advanced ML algorithms that amplifies the capabilities of both. To develop an innovative and multi-disciplinary social network modeling service we have assembled a team whose background matches the problem space. Under our Content-Oriented Subject Matter Intelligence Capture (COSMIC) approach to social network analysis and modeling, SME activity is divided into three broad phases: Discovery of the information present in the available data, Probabilistic Modeling of social networks and Analysis using the models to understand the current situation and predict future events. The result is an accelerated inductive reasoning and learning process that produces automatable, expressive, high-fidelity social models of the battlespace.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Andrew DeCarlo
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/15/2009
Title:Translation of network metrics to behavior attributes
Abstract:Human social networks describe the social interactions among individuals and groups. The interactions of a human social network can be simple or complex, and the interactions among nodes can change depending on the social context. The ability to understand and accurately predict human behaviors has been sought for a long time, and recent studies of social networks by using network theory allow novel predictive models for human behaviors. However, current social network analysis approaches do not effectively identify the social interactions that reveal human behaviors, nor do they display the interactions among nodes or consider the effects of time on the social network. Infoscitex (IST) proposes the Reveal and Predict Social Behavior (RPSB) approach, which analyzes human social behavior with regard to social context. Additionally, RPSB uses directed social network graphs to show the direction of social interaction, and therefore hierarchy and relative importance within a network. RPSB also uses time delay and interaction time in considering an interaction’s importance. At the completion of Phase II, we will integrate RPSB into a distributed software/firmware tool that conforms to service-oriented architecture (SOA) standards.

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Azad Madni
NAVY 09-076      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:TRANSMet™ : Human Network Behavior Analysis and Prediction
Abstract:Human network analysis using traditional network metrics tends to be impoverished when it comes to understanding or predicting the behavior of the human network. To overcome this limitation, requires the addition of behavioral semantics to the human nodes in the network. Specifically, there is a need for defining and computing novel network metrics which can be translated into behavioral attributes that can be associated with human nodes as behavioral metadata and visualized in actionable form. This SBIR effort is concerned with developing an analysis engine that can compute network metrics from raw network data, identify applicable behavior attributes from the network metrics, and update node descriptors with new behavioral metadata on an ongoing basis. With this capability in place, it becomes ultimately possible to predict the response of the human network to different stimuli. Phase I of this effort is intended to establish the feasibility and tractability of the overall approach with arbitrary data sets that include ground truth.

Los Gatos Research
67 East Evelyn Ave. Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 965-7772
An-Dien Nguyen
NAVY 09-077      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Acoustic Emission Monitoring System for Condition Based Maintenance
Abstract:Los Gatos Research proposes to develop a multi-channel, distributed fiber optic sensor instrumentation, capable of monitoring acoustic emission (AE) for rapid detection of impact damage and cracks in structural components. Our novel sensor technology offers a number of advantages including sensor compactness and lightweight with multiplexing capability for load, temperature, and AE for monitoring, characterizing, and locating damages in metal structures and components. We achieve this by employing Bragg grating sensor arrays and using a novel interrogation technique combined with state-of- the-art AE method to detect AE events from growing cracks in the presence of quasi- static background strain field. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the sensor’s capability to monitor AE in a loaded (mechanical and thermal) aluminum panel using four FBG sensors and four piezoelectric sensors. The sensitivity of the system will be compared theoretically and experimentally to that of standard piezoelectric AE transducers. In Phase II, the grating sensors, interrogation system, and AE software will be integrated into a multi-channel, stand alone, dynamically reconfigurable, adaptive AE monitoring system with a small foot print.

Redondo Optics, Inc.
811 N. Catalina Avenue, Suite 1100
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 292-7673
Edgar Mendoza
NAVY 09-077      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Adaptive Fiber Optic Acoustic Emission Sensor (FAESense) System for Condition Based Maintenance
Abstract:In Phase I of this program, Redondo Optics Inc. (ROI), proposes to design, build, and demonstrate to the Navy a next generation, stand-alone and fully integrated, dynamically reconfigurable, adaptive fiber optic acoustic emission sensor (FAESense™) system for the in-situ unattended detection and localization of shock events, impact damage, cracks, voids, and delaminations in new and aging DoD critical infrastructures found in ships, submarines, aircraft, and in next generation weapon systems. ROI’s FAESense™ system is based on the integration of proven state-of-the-art technologies: 1) distributed array of in-line fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) sensors sensitive to strain, vibration, and acoustic emissions, 2) adaptive spectral demodulation of FBG sensor dynamic signals using two- wave mixing interferometry on photorefractive semiconductors, and 3) integration of all the sensor system passive and active opto-electronic components at the microchip level. In Phase II the FAESense™ system will be fully engineer and package for extensive testing and qualification on selected Navy platforms. In Phase III the FAESense™ technology will be transition to Navy operations, other DoD branches, and the commercial sector.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joseph Homitz
NAVY 09-078      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Development of an Active Submersible Thermal Protection System for Hot/Cold Water Environments
Abstract:Current submersible thermal protection technology is not capable of meeting the requirements of very cold water or hot water operations in a Shallow Water Combat Submersible. Thermal protection equipment for divers in these situations will be expected to operate for durations in excess of 8 hours in temperatures below 37ºF as well as temperatures above 90ºF. Mainstream has proposed an active thermal protection system that can be easily utilized as either a heating device and a cooling device without reconfiguring the system. The proposed system will be diver-mounted and will have minimal volume and weight characteristics.

Rini Technologies Inc
582 South Econ Circle
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 359-7138
Daniel Rini
NAVY 09-078      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Untethered Diver Cooling and Heating System
Abstract:The objective of this project is to prove the feasibility and develop the components of a system for cooling a diver in the Shallow Water Combat Submersible (SWCS). RINI Technologies, Inc. is developing a Free Diver (untethered) Heating System (FDHS) for NAVSEA through a Phase II SBIR and proposes to build a complementary cooling system to provide thermal protection for both cold and warm water diving in contaminated water. Both units are battery powered but can be plugged into a power source of the SWCS for extended (>8 hours) run time. Each of the units proposed will be 10” long, 3” diameter, and 1.2 L volume. The heating system, which will reach TRL-6 in August of 2009, provides 300W of heat via 35°C water to the tube suit in 10°C ambient ocean water while consuming only 111W of electrical power. The proposed cooling unit will provide 250W of cooling via 20°C water in 40°C ambient ocean water, consuming only 115W of electrical power. Through the use of these systems, the Navy can perform un-encumbered long duration dives in contaminated water at temperature extremes in the SWCS and allow for untethered diving.

AOSense, Inc.
767 N Mary Ave
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 735-9500
Michael Matthews
NAVY 09-079      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Portable High-Flux Cold Atom Source
Abstract:We propose to develop a compact and rugged source of cold atoms for atom-based sensors. Our proposal encompasses the laser system, vacuum cell, and electronics required to achieve micro-Kelvin temperatures for 10^8 atoms with a repetition rate faster than 500 ms. We will run simulations and construct 3D models to minimize the size and cost of the vacuum and laser system. Part of the objective is to test alternative methods of maintaining low vacuum, significantly reducing cost. An additional objective is to construct a specialized laser system for less cost than commercial systems. Phase I will focus on demonstrating a simplified vacuum system and laser system, with the option period devoted to demonstrating the cold atom source.

ColdQuanta
5470 Conestoga Court
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 440-1284
Jeramy Hughes
NAVY 09-079      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Reconfigurable and Portable Ultracold Matter Systems
Abstract:Ultracold atoms have shown incredible potential in precision time keeping as well as numerous sensing applications such as high sensitivity magnetometry, precision low-drift inertial navigation, and precision gravitational sensing. Most of the pioneering work related to demonstrating the use of ultracold atoms for these applications has been done on full- sized experimental units that currently occupy entire university or government research laboratories. For years the promise of ultracold for application has been met by technical obstacles, namely the difficulty of producing ultracold matter. ColdQuanta’s commercially available miniature atom chip cell has already begun to address this issue by simplifying the rout to forming ultracold matter. For this SBIR we propose a complete and compact system for attaining ultracold matter in the form of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) that is based on ColdQuanta’s chip cell technology. Our vision is that this development work will lead to further the accessibility and development of ultracold atom technology and applications.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Douglas Bennett
NAVY 09-080      Awarded: 8/4/2009
Title:Affordable High Rate Manufacturing Process for High Density Sub-Projectiles
Abstract:The objective of this proposed program is to create a cost effective mass production process using Selective Laser Sintering technology (SLS) to produce complex geometry projectiles for the Navy – on a mass production basis. The existing situation is that the US Navy uses complex-geometry flechette projectiles made of high density tungsten with rail- gun technology. Traditional manufacturing for projectiles, especially those projectiles with complex geometries such as flechettes, can be costly. The high-temperature SLS technology offers the potential to significantly reduce the cost of complex-shape projectiles for the Navy and simultaneously allow for the design of even more complex shapes where the Navy does not have to worry about the manufacturability of the projectiles.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
NAVY 09-080      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Affordable High Rate Manufacturing Process for High Density Sub-Projectiles
Abstract:There is a requirement for lethal high density sub-projectiles that are affordable. Simple shapes, which are relatively inexpensive, lose lethality because of poor ballistic attributes. Machining these simple shapes to change attributes, in order to enhance their lethality, significantly increases the cost of the sub-projectile. TRI/Austin will deliver an optimized design for a high density sub-projectile that meets all of the Navy’s performance requirements, and which is less expensive to manufacture than machining or sintering approaches. The baseline design has been verified through computational analysis of launch and flight modes, including dynamic analysis of the launch loads, and the aerodynamic heating and mechanical loads during ejection. TRI/Austin is adapting highly commercial manufacturing processes to the manufacturing of sub-projectiles. The transition and commercialization of the proposed design will be rapid. The baseline design is adaptable to a variety of penetrator materials and geometries, and the manufacturing process can be readily converted from one projectile design to another. The flight performance of the sub-projectile can be enhanced, higher release altitude, longer flight time, by changing component materials. The manufacturing rate is a function of manufacturing system scaling; hundreds of thousands of sub-projectiles per year are possible with relatively small capital investment.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
James Gorman
NAVY 09-080      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Cold-Formed Tungsten-Copper Hybrid Sub-Projectiles for Maximum EMRG Effectiveness(1001-353)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc. proposes to fabricate low drag, high stability aerodynamic sub- projectiles by a cold forming approach in which a dense and hard Tungsten rod is surrounded by a shaped sleeve of another metal. Detailed design tradeoffs will be completed to evaluate the appropriate proportions of the two materials and the optimal shapes for minimizing sub-projectile energy loss in its terminal trajectory. Several candidate sub-projectiles will be fabricated during the Phase I, using prototype tooling. These will be fired on an instrumented test range to obtain estimates of Ballistic Coefficient and aerodynamic stability, validating computerized trajectory simulations. Triton will be assisted in the Phase I effort by Kline Engineering of Newton NJ and Draper Laboratory of Cambridge MA. Kline Engineering personnel will provide aerodynamic design support and trajectory simulations. Draper will provide carrier projectile integration support and overall system effectiveness background. During the Option Phase , a second iteration of sub-projectile design, prototype manufacturing and testing will occur. The Phase II effort will include adapting and optimizing the most promising sub-projectile designs and tooling up for production in the 1000s of parts per month.

NumerEx
2309 Renard Place SE Suite 220
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 277-4272
John Luginsland
NAVY 09-081      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Dealing with Non-Ideal and Real World Physics in Computational Electron Optics
Abstract:Electron beam optics codes are presently used in the design of vacuum electron devices. The goal in using codes of this type, such as MICHELLE, is to produce a sufficiently accurate design of a device that the manufacturer can build the tube based exclusively on that design. Devices with high-brightness electron beams involve non-ideal physical mechanisms that can cause non-acceptable divergence between the design and the actual device operation. In the proposed work, we will investigate several candidate mechanisms. We will investigate secondary electron emission, particularly at grazing angles of incidence, thermionic and space-charge-limited emission, particularly in how the interplay between the two regimes affect the electron beam, and electron-impact ionization of background gas. Physics models for these effects will be devised, algorithms abstracted from the models, and corresponding code will be tested. The eventual goal is to transfer the algorithms into production-level beam optics codes such as MICHELLE.

Simulation Technology & Applied Research, Inc.
11520 N. Port Washington Rd. Suite 201
Mequon, WI 53092
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(262) 240-0291
John DeFord
NAVY 09-081      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Improved Emission/Ionization Algorithms and Modeling Methodology for Design of High-Brightness Electron Guns
Abstract:High-brightness electron beams are needed for improved power production and reliability of microwave tubes operating in the 80GHz - 300GHz range. At these frequencies, the beam size becomes sufficiently small that beam emittance begins to play a more significant role in the beam dynamics, intensifying thermal management issues and efficiency constraints. To properly model beam formation off the cathode, the intrinsic emittance of the emission due to effects such as material preparation and surface finishing, must be captured in new models. Secondary generation on gun surfaces, particularly on intercepting grids, can lead to thermal tails on the beam and beam halos. Moreover, impact ionization of background gas can enhance beam halos and lead to cathode erosion or poisoning over time, thereby limiting emission life. We propose to develop validated, improved secondary emission and ionization algorithms within the MICHELLE code for modeling high-brightness beam generation, acceleration, and transport. Specifically, these models will capture the non-ideal effects that could lead to beam brightness degradation in electron beam sources commonly used in millimeter-wave tubes. Support for user-control of the new algorithms will be implemented within the MICHELLE interface module in the Analyst finite-element package. Specializations of the Analyst adaptive mesh refinement and optimization functionality will also be developed to improve the capability to design high-brightness guns.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
NAVY 09-082      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Advanced Replanning and Execution Tools for Heterogeneous Unmanned Systems (ARETHUS)
Abstract:Advanced automation capabilities and human-computer interfaces are needed to enhance operator situation awareness and reduce the cognitive work of supervising unmanned vehicle teams in complex airspaces and waterspaces. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Replanning and Execution Tools for Heterogeneous Unmanned Systems (ARETHUS). Three core attributes characterize our approach: First, we will expand prior analyses of unmanned operations to address the operator’s need for observability and directability of automated planning tool behaviors when supervising multiple vehicles. Second, we leverage this analysis to drive the design of: (1) advanced planning algorithms that incorporate both hard domain constraints and soft operator preferences during mission planning and replanning; and (2) ecological mission displays that enhance operator awareness of the relative safety and efficacy of automated plans with respect to individual vehicle and environmental constraints, while intuitively conveying affordances for directing the planning process. Third, we will extend existing in-house planning algorithms, display tools, and simulation environments to rapidly develop working prototypes of ARETHUS component algorithms and mission displays. We will use these prototypes to demonstrate and evaluate our approaches and truly explore the complexities of mission execution and rapid replanning of unmanned vehicles in complex airspaces and waterspaces.

JXT Applications, Inc.
1195 Meadow Bridge Drive, Suite C
Beavercreek, OH 45434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-1566
Kyle Behymer
NAVY 09-082      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Replanning and Operator Situation Awareness Tools for Operation of Unmanned Systems in Complex Airspaces and Waterspaces
Abstract:Unmanned systems operators are frequently required to adjust their plans in response to unexpected events and changes in the battlespace. Advances in information infrastructure and related technologies provide new opportunities for the development of human-machine collaborative systems to support decision-making in this context. The objective of this effort is to develop an automated replanning tool that will enable unmanned system operators to maintain situation awareness when unexpected events occur and respond to these events in a manner that maintains adequate deconfliction with other assets while maintaining mission effectiveness. This project expands and leverages previous research in air operations planning to produce an automated replanning tool for unmanned systems operators that contains a complete representation of the goals and constraints of the battlespace and provides a common framework for a successful collaboration between the human and machine to enable successful systems operations. The resulting system will support functions ranging from maintaining situation awareness of the battlespace, conducting dynamic replanning, developing / selecting alternative plans, support for the control of multiple assets, and helping an operator follow the rules and procedures governing the battlespace .

Image Acoustics, Inc.
97 Elm Street
Cohasset, MA 02025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 383-2002
John Butler
NAVY 09-083      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:High Power Continuous Duty Transducers
Abstract:There is a need to develop a high power continuous duty, CW, underwater acoustic transducer. Under these operating conditions, transducer heating and fatigue can be the limiting factors in the performance. We propose to investigate these factors, compare two different low frequency transducer designs and determine which one would be best suited for a specific CW system. Although there are current CW sonar systems, such as FM sonar, we will be addressing a new anti- terrorist underwater CW acoustic system. During the Phase I program we will consider thermal conditions and fatigue models on the two specific designs and means for incorporating heat extraction paths. A choice will be made on which transducer is most appropriate for a scaled experimental model which will be fabricated, tested in-air and tested in-water for acoustic and heat performance during the option. After design optimization and FEA heat and fatigue analysis, a full sized transducer and small array would be fabricated for full testing during a possible Phase II program. We propose a program for the development of a practical CW transducer designed for the above intended applications.

Photon Systems
1512 Industrial Park St.
Covina, CA 91722
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 967-6431
William Hug
NAVY 09-084      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Near-real-time reagentless handheld submersible CBRNE sensor
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate feasibility of a hand-held, fully self-contained, submersible, real-time, reagentless sensor weighing less than 10 lbs submerged and capable of rapid detection and classification/recognition of trace concentrations of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives (CBRNE) hazards. The reagentless sensor integrates into a single unit: 1) a deep UV laser based, Rayleigh (R), resonance Raman (RR), native fluorescence (NF), and phosphorescence decay (PD) sensor for short range standoff (1 m) of trace biological and organic materials in the water column and sediments, and passive UV/Vis Cerenkov radiation sensor for radioactive decay, 2) a hybrid Differential Mobility Spectrometer (DMS) with two dual Ion Mobility Spectrometers (IMS2) for measuring a wide array of chemical contaminants including heavy metals and organic and inorganic compounds in the water column, and 3) a Geiger-Muller spectrometer (GMS) for radiation measurement and radionuclide identification. This combination of detection methods in a single, hand-held, reagentless sensor provides a broad, overlapping, and confirming range of information about underwater CBRNE hazards. The sensor suite is rapidly trainable to new threats and hazards. The TRL level for hardware elements within the proposed sensor suite range from TRL 4 to 6 with software ranging from TRL 3 to 6.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gary Mikaelian
NAVY 09-084      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Combined LIBS/Raman Underwater Contaminants Assessment System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a portable underwater-deployed device capable of real- time monitoring of potentially dangerous substances present in the diver-surrounding water and sediment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new underwater contaminants assessment system combining laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), and a Geiger counter – (LIBRA). This innovation in combining the three well-established detection methods into a single portable unit will enable LIBRA to perform comprehensive assessment of the water safety by detecting all possible types of contaminants (chemical, biological, and radiological) and recommend the required protective equipment for the diver. As a result, LIBRA offers low cost, high sensitivity, hardware and software flexibility, autonomous operation, and real-time contaminant assessment capabilities, which directly address the ONR Undersea Medicine Program requirements for a portable handheld unit for assessment of potential dangers to swimmers, divers, and submariners. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of LIBRA by identifying known contaminants and developing a benchtop operational prototype for their detection. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype system for testing in operational environments.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr
Stow, MA 01775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 298-5365
Arnis Mangolds
NAVY 09-085      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Rapid Mobile Geotechnical Measurement System for Amphibious Operations
Abstract:The proposed systems approach referred to as Sea Otter is an integrated family of sensors that can measure trafficability and hydrographic information in a low profile, large area manner. The Sea Otter measures soil strength to a depth of 24-in, shear strength, rolling resistance, grade, and topography in a single system. The design permits flexibility in coverage area and deep penetration under submerged and exposed soils providing high fidelity data. The Sea Otter system includes various delivery options and means of remotely and clandestinely exfiltrating data. The design leverages work performed for dry land operations and extends it to the more challenging underwater regime through adaptation of past research in a unique capability set.

Honeybee Robotics
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 459-7836
Kris Zacny
NAVY 09-085      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Impact penetrometer for Characterizing Soil Properties
Abstract:The primary objective of the proposed effort is to design an impact penetrometer system and analysis method, capable of being deployed remotely by air to a known location at controlled impact velocity, to determine near surface soil geotechnical properties in soft muddy substrates, submerged regions, and soils extending from the waterline to the exits off the beach. From these measurements we intend to infer soil cohesion, internal friction, bearing capacity and qualitative soil density (dense, medium, and loose) to depth on the order of 0.15 m (6 in) to 1 m (40 in). Generally, this depth horizon is the upper 0.15 m (6 in) determines the ability of a soil to support a vehicle’s load for a limited number of passes and soil properties to about 0.4 m (12 in) need to be know to characterize soil response to multiple vehicle passes (of up to 50 vehicle passes) over the soil (Wong, 2001). In particular, 2-3 different penetrometer systems will be designed and then downselected to one based on complexity (number of sensors) and cost.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
NAVY 09-085      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Optical Bearing Strength Autonomous Measurement System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a small, self-contained geotechnical measurement system to help amphibious operations planners collect adequate knowledge of soil strength in landing areas, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Optical Bearing Strength Autonomous Measurement (OBSAM) System. This system is based on a new laser sensor, that measures track depth imprinted in a shallow water seafloor and in a beach with a special loaded wheel. The track depth is correlated with cone index. The innovations in the distance sensor and packaging design enable the OBSAM system, driven by an unmanned ground robotic platform, to provide direct quantitative measurement of bearing strength with high spatial resolution both in subaerial and submerged areas. As a result, this system offers autonomous operation without participation of human operators, continuous measurement of soil strength parameters compatible with the NRMM II trafficability model, and applicability throughout an entire beach profile, which directly addresses the Oceanographer of the Navy acquisition program requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the OBSAM system prototype in laboratory and field experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype ready for testing on Navy sites.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
NAVY 09-086      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:EasyCog: Affordable and Easy to Develop Cognitive Models
Abstract:Applications that incorporate Human Behavior Models (HBMs) have the potential to improve the training, decision-making, and even the operational effectiveness of US forces. This software can mimic human decision-making, reasoning, learning, social and cultural biases, as well as perceptual, cognitive, and motor limitations in support of many applications, including analysis, simulation-based acquisition, training, and mission rehearsal. Unfortunately, the development of such complex software systems is currently costly, time consuming, and error-prone due to a lack of appropriate high-level languages and corresponding development tools. To improve the affordability, efficiency and robustness of the HBM-development process, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of EasyCog, a high-level cognitive language, compiler, and development environment that is designed to improve the HBM-development process across multiple cognitive architectures. EasyCog combines cognitive, behavioral, social, affect, and cultural models with high-level programming language features to improve the breadth and scalability of HBMs. Visual Editors and Debuggers work at the level of the high-level language to improve the efficiency of model development. Finally, EasyCog can generate configurable source code for a variety of existing cognitive architectures, meaning runtime users can reuse models in a variety of domains based on a single high-level model.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 649-1895
Randolph Jones
NAVY 09-086      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Extending HLSR to Support Scaling Up to Complex Models for Training, Simulation, and Robotics
Abstract:A long-term, cost-effective approach to addressing increased mission complexity and cost is to increase automation in operations and training. Although a variety of automation exists, the next significant advance will be to automate decision-making processes that currently rely on human experts. Such experts take years to train and are only available for a limited time, whereas intelligent software systems can be copied without limit, and they do not age or retire. Although now technically feasible to build intelligent decision- making systems, it remains expensive and difficult to engineer them, as well as to carry out the necessary supporting research into psychological modeling. However, High-level languages for software engineering have proven extremely effective at reducing costs for the development of complex software. Soar Technology, Inc. proposes to bring similar effectiveness to decision-making system engineering, reducing the cost of development and maintenance by 4-5 times. We will accomplish this by extending an existing HLSR language and compiler with knowledge patterns for building increasingly complex and human-like models. While this effort will primarily payoff for engineered systems, we argue that it also will improve the cost effectiveness and scientific consistency of cognitive modeling research.

Applied Technology Associates
1300 Britt SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 767-1275
Felix Morgan
NAVY 09-087      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Thin Fast Steering Mirror (TFSM)
Abstract:The Navy is developing LADAR sensors for responsive Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance use where ranges to targets exceed 10km. If such a LADAR sensor is to image a target area by scanning one or several laser beams at such long ranges, high- pointing-accuracy or knowledge, over a wide operational temperature range, is required to obtain a high-quality LADAR image. A two-axis Fast Steering Mirror (FSM) is typically utilized to steer laser beams in a LADAR system. Existing FSM designs that can achieve high pointing accuracy and are small enough for use aboard a tactical unmanned air vehicle often require significant settling times to achieve the pointing accuracy. Also, the knowledge of the location of the FSM (angularly) is not well-known throughout the mirror motion. When used to steer a pulsed laser beam with pulse repetition frequencies on the order of kilohertz, it is necessary to have accurate knowledge of the mirror position whenever a laser pulse occurs. ATA is proposing a concept for a thin FSM which can meet stringent performance requirements over a temperature range of-40 degrees C to +75 degrees C. This requires temperature control of the sensor electronics and uses an innovative actuator concept.

Left Hand Design Corporation
7901 Oxford Road
Longmont, CO 80503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 652-2786
Lawrence Germann
NAVY 09-087      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Small, Light, Stable, Fast Scan Mirror for Electro-Optical Systems
Abstract:Many aerospace optical sensor and communications applications are performance-limited by limitations in the optical pointing system. This is especially true when considering interceptor seeker, designator and surveillance sensor applications. The pointing components of these applications are generally performance-limited by some combination of size, mass, power consumption, positioning or position reporting repeatability, positioning or position reporting linearity, servo control bandwidth, acceleration and surface figure error (SFE) performance. To relieve these performance limitations, LHDC introduces three primary innovations to achieve the required repeatability and surface figure accuracy over a larger temperature range and high acceleration with reduced power dissipation. Reducing the size of the flexure suspension by using miniaturized components, enhancing actuator efficiency in terms of acceleration-per-current and introducing an ASIC implementation of their servo control electronics. These benefits will be accomplished, initially during Phase I, on a retrofitted LHDC inventory FSM. Testing and analysis results from the retrofit unit will be used in design and fabrication of the Phase II deliverable hardware. The expected increase in performance parameters are to be achieved without risking LHDC’s proven capability in the areas of sub-microradian precision, lateral load capability for launch without caging, optical surface figure quality, compact size and low mass.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Paul Shnitser
NAVY 09-087      Awarded: 5/18/2009
Title:Fast Steering Mirror
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a compact and highly accurate scanner for the new airborne LADARs, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Fast Steering Mirror (FSM). This proposed device is based on POC’s silicon processing and micromachining technologies utilized for the fabrication of a lightweight composite mirror and our compact interferometric position sensor for the precise control of mirror angular position. The innovations in mirror structure and feedback control sensors allow achieving the required switching speed and positioning accuracy within a specified form factor. As a result, this scanner offers positioning accuracy of about a few microradians and a switching time less than 10 ms, while providing laser beam deflection around both X and Y axes and occupying a small volume. The combination of high positioning accuracy, high switching speed, and a small footprint directly addresses the requirements for its utilization in new Navy airborne LADARs. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the Fast Steering Mirror by the design, fabrication, and demonstration of the system prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to advance the prototype design and rigorously test it in an operational environment.

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Jason Burkholder
NAVY 09-088      Awarded: 8/27/2009
Title:Autonomous Seafloor Mapping System for Unmanned Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:Optimal seafloor mapping via an unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) requires the solution and integration of two underlying problems: (1) autonomous underwater navigation and path planning and (2) accurate seafloor sensing and map construction. Each of these problems has been studied extensively; however, as stated in the solicitation, some major technology development areas requiring innovative solutions persist. Barron Associates, Inc. and its research partners have the expertise, resources, and infrastructure necessary to meet the overall goal of the proposed SBIR effort, which is to develop and demonstrate at-sea, within the time and budget constraints of the first two phases of the program, a complete and practical Autonomous Seafloor Mapping System (ASMS) for UUVs. The ASMS will feature practical enhancements to the current state-of-the-art in each of the problematic areas identified in the solicitation. The proposed ASMS will feature adaptive-autonomous survey schemes enabled by innovative methods to correct navigation errors and co-registered multi-beam side scan and bathymetry data that are precisely synchronized with the navigation system to facilitate simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). The Phase I effort will focus primarily on implementation and simulation of the adaptive-autonomous path planning component and the navigation error modeling and correction algorithms.

Heat, Light, and Sound Research, Inc.
3366 N. Torrey Pines Court Suite 310
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 457-0800
Christian Moustier
NAVY 09-088      Awarded: 8/11/2009
Title:Optimal Seafloor Mapping Technologies
Abstract:The primary objective of this proposal is to implement an autonomous swath bathymetry survey capability aboard an unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) using a hybrid sonar that combines the high spatial resolution of a focused multibeam echo-sounder in a ±30º sector about nadir with the long-range focusing capability of a bathymetric sidescan sonar (Fig. 1) for a total swath angle in excess of 160º (swath width roughly 11 times the UUV’s altitude above the bottom). This represents a better than twofold improvement in swath coverage (hence survey efficiency) over existing solutions that rely on a multibeam sonar system alone, and it fills the near-nadir data gap typical of systems that rely on a bathymetric sidescan sonar alone. In both sonars, dynamic focusing will help constrain the vertical uncertainty associated with each sounding. Likewise, high across- track data density for each ping will provide the redundancy necessary to constrain horizontal uncertainties. For each ping, the achieved swath coverage wlll be defined at the across-track limits where sounding uncertainty exceeds a prescribed threshold. The ping-to-ping evolution of these limits along-track, and the corresponding bottom topography, will be used to estimate the lateral offset of adjacent swaths that minimizes redundancy while maintaining 100% bottom coverage. This method will work best if the UUV maintains a nearly constant altitude above the bottom.

SURVICE Engineering Company
4695 Millennium Drive
Belcamp, MD 21017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 273-7722
John Hersey
NAVY 09-088      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Optimal Seafloor Mapping Technologies
Abstract:This proposal addresses the challenge of improving the capability of littoral battlespace sensing, specifically the automation and optimization of bathymetric-hydrographic mapping capabilities of unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) platforms when operating in the littoral. Current UUV capabilities are challenged by limitations of fielded sensors and the integration/processing of those sensor outputs, resulting in manually intensive interface requirements, uncertainty of depth and navigation errors, inefficient coverage and data processing schemes, and excessive latency in availability of the final product. The focus of this Phase I feasibility study will be on the development of algorithms which will serve as the basis for adaptive autonomy. Consequential to the development of adaptive autonomy algorithms, SURVICE Engineering will also consider the feasibility of methods to quantify depth measurement errors, optimize coverage, minimize navigation errors, detect anomalous features, and network UUVs. Finally, the Phase I study will consider required sensor integration savings and processing approaches that may be taken advantage of when incorporating a novel sensor in place of the standard integration of separate multibeam and side scan sonars.

Design_Net Engineering LLC
10680 Table Mountain Parkway Suite 500
Golden, CO 80403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 462-0096
Ramon Krosley
NAVY 09-089      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool
Abstract:It takes up to 10 years to design, build and launch a satellite system. The satellite system reflects the 10-year-old (or more) outdated, inflexible technology and mission needs that may no longer be applicable to the tactics and geography of today’s evolving conflicts. These new conflicts create the need for mission changes that cannot be accommodated by current systems. Recent advances in technology offers us opportunities to incorporate reconfigurable components (e.g., radiation-hardened FPGAs, Software Reconfigurable Payloads) into spacecraft that allow for the new satellite to change their missions. DNet is proposing to modify its Mission-Satellite Design Tool (MSDT) to address the reconfiguration of satellites based on mission changes. DNet will change the MSDT to a Reconfiguable Satellite Planning Tool (RPST) that will 1) take advantage of the reconfigurability characteristics of deployed satellite and 2) based on mission needs, and determine from an available registry of satellites, the candidate satellite (s) that can fulfill the new mission objectives. The RPST Phase I will demonstrate this ideas with a simple reconfigurable satellite. Phase II will evolve these ideas with multiple satellites with a more advance the tool with an Initial Operational Concept (IOC) version.

Princeton Satellite Systems
6 Market St. Suite 926
Plainsboro, NJ 08536
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(763) 639-1553
Joseph Mueller
NAVY 09-089      Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool
Abstract:The capability to adaptively reconfigure on-orbit space assets to changing mission requirements will help to satisfy a critical need for greater responsiveness in the next generation of military space systems. This proposal is for an innovative methodology and supporting software toolset that permits a requirements-driven reconfiguration of one or multiple spacecraft. The product will be a decision-support tool that accepts dynamically changing mission requirements and priorities to support the warfighter''''s needs, and computes a set of configuration and tasking options along with associated analysis and verification tasks for operators and engineers. The full decision support tool will consist of three main components: 1) a customized user interface to facilitate the definition of new requirements, objectives and priorities, and the selection of space assets that may be utilized, 2) an optimal resource allocation algorithm that generates a list of potential operation plans, and 3) built-in tools for simulation, visualization and analysis of the proposed operation plans. The resource allocation algorithm will utilize state-of-the-art orbit propagation and system modeling functions, including the SPICE library and the Spacecraft Control Toolbox, in order to compute opportunity windows for remote sensing, communication, and data downloads, and to approximate power availability, pointing constraints, and communication requirements.

Star Technologies Corportation
731 Walker Road Suite G1
Great Falls, VA 22066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 759-2933
Tom Mann
NAVY 09-089      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool
Abstract:The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) have been developing technology in support of Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) Mission Objectives. A key element of the ORS objectives is to rapidly configure a satellite and launch it within 6 days. Another key element is the actual satellite design based on a set of mission requirements and constraints. There are no software tools or processes that enable the rapid design of satellites based on mission requirements and constraints. Star Technologies Corporation proposes to develop a “Reconfigurable Satellite Planning Tool” to support the rapid prototyping of satellites with reconfigurable payloads based on pre-defined missions. Star Technologies will leverage its experience in satellite design tool development: Spacecraft Design Tool (SDT) to rapidly implement and simulate satellites; 3D Visualizations to enhance understanding of satellite dynamic motions; Satellite Builder to autonomously place components on a spacecraft while rapidly going through thousands of configurations; Constellation Designer to develop the orbital properties for satellite coverage based on one satellite or a constellation of satellites. This effort will develop a taxonomy for interfacing with various COTS software tools as part of the planning software process. A mock-up will be developed and demonstrated.

HYPRES. Inc.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Deepnarayan Gupta
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Concurrent Multi-net Link-16 Digital-RF Receiver
Abstract:HYPRES proposes an innovative solution to Navy’s need for concurrent multi-netting in a single receiver. Our approach involves direct digitization of the entire wideband (960- 1215 MHz) RF signal followed by distribution of digital copies among multiple independent, parallel processing chains. This digital-RF approach ensures scalability to multiple nets with no loss of signal power and fidelity, while eliminating expensive analog components such as fast hopping synthesizers. In collaboration with ViaSat, a prime contractor for Link-16 terminals, we recently demonstrated the power of digital-RF technology with a two-net dehopping receiver prototype with ONR Discovery and Invention funding. During that program, we discovered a signal processing technique, which is ideally suited for direct demodulation of the Link-16 waveform, and presents a unique opportunity to significantly condense back-end processing hardware. Building on this strong foundation, we propose to perform digital demodulation of multiple hopnets. Our goal is to demonstrate scaling to (1) 4 simultaneous hop-nets, (2) greater than 10 simultaneous hop-nets, and finally, receive all the nets all the time. We propose to build and deliver the first prototype hardware in Phase I, and demonstrate Link-16 demodulation with the new digital-RF cross-correlation algorithm; scaling to full capability will happen in Phase II.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 359-2326
David Nail
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/21/2009
Title:Multi-Net Link-16 Receiver
Abstract:Mustang Technology Group and ViaSat propose an inexpensive, expandable architecture for a multi-net Link 16 receiver. This new architecture arises from our extensive experience with low-cost, software defined radars, out extensive Link 16 expertise, and the Link 16 receiver previously demonstrated by our team.

ORB Analytics, LLC
5 Hillside Rd
Carlisle, MA 01741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 501-3161
Samuel MacMullan
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title:All-Digital Multi-Net Link-16 Receiver
Abstract:Current Link-16 receive terminals are large, heavy, expensive, and power inefficient because of their use of analog L-band components for downconversion and dehopping. This also limits operation to a single net. The proposed effort overcomes these limitations by exploiting advances in data converter and FPGA technology to develop an all-digital downconversion, channelization, and dehopping Link-16 receiver architecture capable of Concurrent Multi-Net operations. The proposed receiver is compact, rugged, and inexpensive while providing JTRS compliance and scalability. As part of the Phase I effort, ORB Analytics proposes to develop hardware to demonstrate the all-digital, multi-net Link-16 receiver capability.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1628
Mark Johnson
NAVY 09-090      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Multi-Net Link-16 Receiver
Abstract:Link-16 is the first high data military network communications waveform and has become the dominant multi-national, interoperable tactical data link for DoD and Coalition combat operations worldwide. While a clear need has arisen for multi-net platforms – whether for networking monitoring, bridging, or mission requirements – the analog RF-frontend of current Link-16 receivers limits each unit to a single network. In order to support the multi- net receivers that are required within future SWaP and cost constraints, the analog front- end approach must be abandoned for an innovative direct to digital wideband front end solution. TrellisWare proposes to develop a next-generation multi-net Link-16 receiver that incorporates and innovative approach to digital front end design and advanced baseband processing. By leveraging extensive Link-16 and handheld digital receiver hardware implementation expertise, TrellisWare is able to provide a design that a design that provides high performance in the presence of strong interference. TrellisWare will provide a hardware demonstration of the proposed approach during Phase I and thus provide our potential Navy sponsors with a low-risk path to deployment in Phase II and beyond.

A-B-Sea Research, Inc.
14025 Bingham Dr. Suite 201
Raleigh, NC 27614
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 971-9600
Al Basilico
NAVY 09-091      Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title:GPS Reference While Submerged
Abstract:A stealthy underwater GPS-based position system is proposed. The system comprises a sparse network of “underwater satellites” selectively grouped to provide coverage over large ocean volumes where navigation assistance is desired. The Underwater Satellites use pulsed blue-green lasers to covertly transfer encrypted and authenticated position information to submerged (and/or surface) vessels operating at depth and speed. The Underwater Satellites can continue to provide precise position and navigation information even if the earth-orbiting GPS satellites are destroyed, jammed, spoofed or otherwise denied—an important war-time capability. Future extensions to the proposed system could provide contact detection and classification (“Red Force” tracking) and underwater communications at depth and speed. The primary technical challenge facing underwater laser communication is propagating the laser beam over meaningful distances. Laser energy is degraded by absorption and scattering from particulate matter suspended in sea water. We propose to research adaptive optics (AO) technology to measure, in-situ, the distortion induced by the seawater and to extend the propagation distance of the laser link by correcting those aberrations, in real-time, using deformable optics. We propose to research atom interferomtry as our time-keeping technology and investigate the accuracy achievable in the Underwater Satellite operating environment. The proposed system, enabling submarines and other submerged vessels to covertly receive GPS- based position information at depth and speed, with no dependence on the earth-orbiting GPS satellites, would reduce opportunities for adversaries to detect our submarine force and would improve operational effectiveness.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jing Zhao
NAVY 09-091      Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title:GPS Reference While Submerged
Abstract:Knowing the exact submarine position while submerged is critical for the Strategic Systems Programs (SSP) submarine programs to ensure mission success. Based on the fiber sensor technology, AGILTRON proposes to realize a distributed sensor device to determine the relative location of a GPS device to its submarine mother ship. The sensor has a high precision over a long distance, and is suitable for harsh environments, such as undersea, with minimal impact on ship operations and covertness. In this Phase I program, a prototype device will be developed and demonstrated for the specific submarine GPS reference application.

Microcosm, Incorporated
4940 W. 147th St.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 219-2700
Paul Graven
NAVY 09-092      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Gravity Aided Navigation for Navy Platforms
Abstract:Microcosm in collaboration with ASTER Labs and Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems/Sperry Marine will develop a gravity aided inertial navigation systems (GAINS) for SSBNs and other US Navy platforms. Navy policy requires the availability of non-GPS means of navigation and approaches for long-term INS (inertial navigation system) stabilization in the absence of GPS fixes. The principal technical objective of Phase I is to assess the viability of GAINS for demonstration and eventual operational deployment on US Navy strategic submarine fleet and other naval platforms. Phase I planned activities include: Development of adaptive GAINS algorithms and approaches to support a range of platforms, locations and operational scenarios, including site selection signature recognition; Development of detailed solution requirements including key interfaces, outputs and use cases; Development and/or modification of models and simulations for analysis and algorithm validation; Systems engineering to develop the demonstration and operational solution architecture; Gathering and assessment of external resources including gravity field maps, instrument specifications and models, sample operational data, existing algorithms, relevant analytical models and simulations; Analytical simulation runs to support algorithm development and evaluation as well as overall system performance. Phase II will culminate in GAINS system demonstration on appropriate NGES/SM R&D platforms and on USNS Waters.

Sextant Engineering Technologies, Inc.
4199 Campus Drive, 550
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 522-8787
Michael Gokhale
NAVY 09-092      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Gravity-Aided Navigation Technology for Reducing Ballistic Missile Submarines’ (SSBN) Dependence on the Global Positioning System (GPS)
Abstract:Gravity aided navigation has been explored previously using Kalman filter methods by various researchers. A Kalman filter based implementation provides best estimates under the assumption of Gaussian noise properties and linearity of the system dynamics. Typically, the geophysical aided navigation applications are non-Gaussian and non-linear. We propose to develop a real-time particle filter based mechanization for terrain matching of gravitational data with platform INS data in order to provide a cost-effective high- accuracy navigation solution applicable over extended, perhaps indefinite, endurance intervals. Such a mechanization is not limited to the requirements of Gaussian noise properties, as the particle filter based approach generates and updates an effective probability density function (PDF) from the input data. Also, since the PDF is not assumed Gaussian and in fact is generated and updated in the course of processing, this particular approach is applicable to both the legacy ESGN system and future alternative to ESGN (possibly FOGN) system whose errors will predominantly be driven by gyro angle random walk (ARW) errors.