---------- ARMY ----------

231 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Advanced Optical Systems, Inc.
6767 Old Madison Pike Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
Stephen Granade
ARMY 09-013      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Airworthy Cable Angle Measurement System For Slung Load Operations
Abstract:One of the challenges of helicopter cargo missions is dealing with external slung loads. During flight, these loads often move in complex ways driven by forces generated by atmospheric effects and the helicopter’s downwash. A low-cost, accurate and airworthy system for measuring the load’s motion could allow for direct slung load stabilization by providing feedback to a human pilot, flight computer, or load feedback system. Advanced Optical Systems, Inc. will create an optical system capable of directly measuring not only the cable angle but also the load’s location and orientation, allowing us to determine if the load is rotating or undergoing a pendulum motion beneath the helicopter. This is more information than can be provided by a simple measurement of cable angle at the helicopter, and supports more sophisticated load stabilization approaches. The system will track loads through swings of 75° or more with an angular accuracy of better than 0.1°, and will be flexible enough to accommodate slings of varying lengths, from a handful of feet to 100 feet. By using LED or eye-safe laser diode targets on the load, we will be able to track the load even in degraded visual conditions such as brownout.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Guanghai Jin
ARMY 09-013      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Wide FOV and Fast Active Optical Detection System
Abstract:In this SBIR program, we propose to develop a wide angle and fast optical detection system for measuring the slung load cable angle and angular rate in real time, which is necessary to stabilize the external loads in heavy-lift vertical resupply operations by fleet helicopters or unmanned helicopters. This development efforts leverage Agiltron’s extensive experiences in developing the variety of imaging based photonic sensing technologies. This proposed system is based on active sensing architecture using eye safe NIR laser and CCD or CMOS image sensor. The new system will have the superior performances, including a very large measurement angle, a high speed tracking and data updating rate, and high angle resolution. This system is robust and very effective even in degraded visual conditions or turbulent atmospheric conditions. The Phase I approach will predict the advanced performances in the proposed system, and demonstrate the advanced functionality experimentally in the laboratory environments. The phase II development will make the prototype of this advanced system for field evaluation.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Duane Cline
ARMY 09-013      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Radio Frequency External Load Position Monitoring System
Abstract:A common mission for helicopters is to move heavy loads suspended on a cable attached to a hook or winch system. During flight, the aerodynamic and inertial forces acting on the load can cause it to swing in the lateral and/or longitudinal directions. Load pendulum motions can also be excited as the helicopter maneuvers, potentially leading to dangerous situations resulting in loss of the load or endangering the helicopter and its crew. Modern manned and unmanned helicopters replace manual controls with fly-by-wire control systems that improve flight stability and reduce pilot workload by using feedback loops to compensate for changes in flight dynamics. SARA’s proposed Radio Frequency External Load Position Monitoring System uses an array of receiver antennas mounted on the helicopter lower fuselage to track dynamic motion of two small, low-power radio transmitters located on the load to provide accurate, reliable load dynamic motion feedback under all visibility conditions, including brown-out. This compact (<5 lbs) system uses proprietary superresolution pointing algorithms to provide angular measurement accuracy of better than 0.1 degree. Existing flight-proven hardware will enable demonstration of measurement range and accuracy during Phase I and speed transition to an operational system in Phase II

Lambda Technologies
5521 Fair Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 561-0883
N. Jayaraman
ARMY 09-014      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:LPB as a Crack Initiation Resistant Surface Treatment Process for Case Hardened Steels
Abstract:The goal of the proposed SBIR work is to develop Low plasticity burnishing (LPB) as a manufacturing process to increase the high cycle fatigue (HCF) strength of case carburized steels by creating a crack initiation resistant surface structure with superior surface roughness. Bell Helicopter (TPOC: Ryan Ehinger, Project Area Lead for Drive System Research) will be the OEM partner in this proposed program. LPB offers the benefits of controlled depth and magnitude of compression, a smooth often mirror-like surface finish, and very low cold work (hence stable compression). Costs for implementing the LPB process are comparable to conventional shot peening and other peening processes, leading to a highly favorable cost-benefit ratio. The depth of compression can be precisely controlled at every location on the component by initial selection of the tool and closed loop process monitoring and control. LPB tool pressure control provides a process that exceeds six sigma. With a total solution approach, the LPB application and the combined benefits of automated design and analytical tools developed at Lambda will lead to a TRL and MRL of 7 at the end of Phase II of this program.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Auburn, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom Butler
ARMY 09-014      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Light Cavitation Peening of Carburized Gears
Abstract:Cavitation peening (CP) is a novel method of inducing residual compressive stresses in components to enhance fatigue life and improve damage tolerance. The process involves sweeping ultra high-pressure waterjets over the surface to be peened so that cavitation bubbles form and collapse on the workpiece. The intensity of the peening is controlled by varying the speed at which the jet traverses the workpiece so that light peening can be accomplished inexpensively. Recent work has demonstrated the ability to induce high magnitude compressive stresses in carburized gear material, resulting in significant improvements in coupon fatigue life. An additional feature of the process is that it has little or no effect on the surface finish, which may be important to gears that are subjected to Superfinishing. Also, unlike conventional shot peening, CP does not substantially cold work the material which has lead to speculation that the residual stresses might not be relieved through exposure to high localized temperatures or to repeated stress cycles, allowing designers to “take credit” for the residual stresses. The proposed work would explore this issue by peening carburized coupons, measuring residual stresses and fatigue testing the coupons to determine if the residual stresses remain effective through time/temperature/stress cycles.

Prime Research, LC
1750 Kraft Dr Ste 1000-B
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-2200
John M Coggin
ARMY 09-015      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Self-Powered, High-Temperature, Wireless Sensors for Rotorcraft Applications
Abstract:Turbine engine efficiency and reliability can be greatly improved if the combustion process is monitored to provide input to health monitoring algorithms. Prime Research LC (PRLC) and Virginia Tech (VT) propose to develop a high temperature wireless sensing architecture for real-time diagnostics of rotorcraft turboshaft engines. Multi-source energy scavenging and efficient power management capable of operating at 250C will enable reliable wireless transmission of sensor data in a package with minimum weight and complexity. The proposed concept capitalizes on PRLC’s extensive experience with high temperature harsh environment sensing and packaging, and VT’s strong capabilities in smart materials and low power wireless communications. Dr. Dan Inman, director of VT’s Center for Intelligent Material Systems and Structures (CIMSS) will provide expertise in the areas of piezoelectric and smart materials for energy harvesting. Dr. Dong Ha, director of VT’s VLSI for Telecommunications (VTVT) will provide expertise with low power wireless communications and multisource power management. Industry partner Pratt & Whitney will guide the effort towards product viability by providing realistic performance specifications and live engine testing. The proposed system will enable emerging engine diagnostic algorithms by providing valuable sensor data with minimum additional weight.

rjlad/dba environetix technologies
20 Godfrey Drive
Orono, ME 04473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 866-6500
George Harris
ARMY 09-015      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:High-Temperature, Wireless, Passive, Multicode Sensor System for Rotorcraft Applications
Abstract:This project will demonstrate the feasibility of using an array of wireless, passive, microwave acoustic sensors and accompanying interrogator system to monitor temperature and pressure in harsh environments encountered within a turboshaft rotorcraft engine. The proposed sensor technology is based on langasite piezoelectric crystals and stable nanostructured thin film electrodes, and will enable routine in situ diagnostics that will help improve readiness levels and control maintenance costs. The sensor system targets wireless operation up to 1000°C using lightweight microwave acoustic devices, which operate solely under the energy provided by the radio frequency interrogating signal, without the need for batteries or any further maintenance. These passive sensor devices offer the added capability of multiple-access, leading to the sampling of multiple sensors by a single interrogation unit. The signal processing takes place outside the harsh environment area, thus allowing for higher processing capability and reliability. The operation at high temperature relies on patented technology developed at the University of Maine and licensed to Environetix Technologies Corporation for further product development and commercialization. The proposed product is expected to respond not only to the DoD needs, but also to be extended to aerospace, power, automotive, and industrial process control applications.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas V. Limbaugh
ARMY 09-016      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:UAV Sensor Controller for Manned Aircraft
Abstract:This proposal offers a solution for the development of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) controller for manned aircraft. In this endeavor, Kutta and its partners design and develop an innovative concept for the control of UAVs from the cockpit of manned airborne platforms. The Work Plan employs the Rational Unified Process to ensure focus on user needs and system goals. The Work Plan utilizes innovative human factors tests to optimize the notional GUI and refine the vision of the controller to something that can be produced in a Phase II effort. The resulting research yields an optimized controller that is augmented by adaptive, proven and certifiable UAV control software. The resulting product is a ubiquitous controller that can be utilized by pilots in the air and soldiers on the ground to conduct UAV-based Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance, and Target Acquisition missions. The Phase I work culminates in a bread-boarded demonstration and summary of the lessons learned through actual flight test and quantitative human factors evaluations. The Phase I option concludes with recommended methodologies and action plans on how to design, develop, test, and facilitate technology transition into the DoD UAV community.

MillenWorks
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5568
Sascha Calkins
ARMY 09-016      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:UAV Sensor Controller for Manned Aircraft
Abstract:The introduction of UAVs to the battlefield has both revolutionized modern warfare and presented new challenges for manned-unmanned teaming capabilities. Therefore, the Army needs an innovative sensor controller interface that would allow the operation of sophisticated UAV sensor systems from manned aircraft by US Army aircrew members. While sensitive joysticks can be used from ground control stations, the precision joystick type of control interface is unsuitable for use in a manned helicopter, such as the AH-64D Longbow Apache, during flight conditions due to the environmental vibration and distractions present. Thus, an improved Man-Machine Interface (MMI) is required, and there exists a compelling need for the development of a UAV sensor controller capable of operating a variety of UAV sensors. No system currently on the market meets all of these requirements. Therefore, MillenWorks is proposing to research and develop a new UAV sensor control interface that achieves all of these objectives.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Jovan Boscovic
ARMY 09-017      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Multiple Objective Collision-free 3D Route Planning using RAMPANT (Real-time Aggressive Maneuver Planner to Assist Integrated Teams)
Abstract:We propose to develop Real-time Aggressive Maneuver Planner to Assist Integrated Teams (RAMPANT) to push the operational envelope while considering collision avoidance and dynamic limitations of airborne vehicle teams. The RAMPANT planner will be employ highly efficient and expeditious random-search planning techniques to arrive at feasible paths in real-time designed to safely scramble away from enemy pursuit or fire. Our efficient obstacle and objective representation methods expedite the course planning process, and enables the planning algorithms to be plan and re-plan iteratively in real-time when flight conditions put aerial teams under duress. Scientific Systems Company, Inc, has extensive experience in real-time autonomous vehicle path planning and collision avoidance, and has likewise has recently used our collaborative control architecture to optimize team mission success for such missions as search and suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD).

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner''''s Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Richard Stottler
ARMY 09-017      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Probabilistic, Real-Time, Reactive Planner for Aggressive 3D Aircraft Maneuvers
Abstract:The ultimate goal is to build a Path Planner (PP) that can rapidly plan collision-free routes for a variety of UAVs in highly dynamic environments with large numbers of threats. Our Phase I includes Stanford University''s Professor Jean-Claude Latombe, a pioneer in autonomous path planning, at the forefront of rapid path planning with moving obstacles and complex environments, and creator of the Probabilistic Roadmap approach proposed here and the basis for much of the work in the cited references. In Phase I, the feasibility of our approach will be proven through the design, prototype implementation, testing, and analysis of the 3D Path Planner proposed here. Specifically in Phase I we will gather the requirements for a militarily useful UAV path planner, develop a prototype PP that operates on simulated sensor input and plans aggressive, collision free 3D routes in complex simulated environments in close proximity with moving objects, and optimized to avoid enemy fire while fulfilling a large number of constraints. Further, we will test the implemented PP in simulated scenarios, analyze the expected performance of the PP and compare that analysis with experimental results, and design the Phase II system. As shown in the proposal, our approach can be readily adapted to different types of UAVs and different types of planning constraints.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Brad Rosenberg
ARMY 09-018      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Models (DREAM)
Abstract:Air Traffic Control is a critical function in the U.S. Army, the proper training of which remains of utmost importance to maintain a safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of military air traffic. Fully staffing simulated training exercises with qualified human pilots can be costly and difficult to organize. Instead, Computer Generated Forces (CGFs) are often used in their place, controlled by “pucksters.” However, CGFs across distributed simulations have varying capabilities, requiring multiple, specialized pucksters, each of which is costly to train. Furthermore, creating, updating, and integrating these brittle CGFs requires technical expertise by training staff. As a result, automated behaviors are no cheaper and often less capable than staffing simulations with human pilots. To bridge the gap between simulation-specific CGFs interfaces and human operators, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Models (DREAM), an end-user development and run-time environment for creating and executing proxy models. These proxy models provide connective logic between high-level commands and CGF-specific instructions. The proposed system will be built upon AgentWorks™, a robust set of behavior modeling and analysis tools that enable the design, construction, and testing of complex intelligent systems through an intuitive graphical user interface.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 207-2237
Brian Stensrud
ARMY 09-018      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Tiger Board
Abstract:There is a growing interest in employing modeling and simulation technology as a low-cost substitute to live Air-Traffic Control (ATC) exercises. One popular approach is to replace costly human role-players with computer-generated forces (CGFs) representing aircraft. Soar Technology proposes to develop the Tiger Board – an intuitive, domain-centric user interface customized for the composition of CGFs operating in ATC simulation exercises. Our proposed system leverages SoarTech''s Universal Controller, which allows run-time operators to interact with autonomous CGFs using standard ATC speech commands. These commands override any current behavior the CGF is executing. Once the CGF has completed execution of the command, the behavior models automatically and correctly resume their previous behavior, just as would a human pilot.

Innovative Dynamics, Inc.
2560 North Triphammer Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-0533
Gail Hickman
ARMY 09-019      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:Embedded Component Health Management for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Health and usage monitoring systems (HUMS) of aircraft have been shown to improve safety and reliability and may produce a significant reduction in maintenance costs. Helicopter rotor blades experience complex motion in operation and are subjected to a variety of stresses which can lead to catastrophic failure. Rotor systems, however, pose challenges for sensor installation due to size, weight, and power restrictions. Current HUMS monitor engines and gearboxes for damage signatures but not adapted for rotor blade health. A distributed HUMS architecture that can acquire usage data over the life of the part with a wireless data download capability is desired. During Phase I, IDI will develop and test a self powered embedded HUMS Node for monitoring rotor system components to enable condition-based maintenance and provide data for remaining life computation. Sensor and processor power will be obtained by integration of betavoltaic technology recently developed at Cornell University’s nano-fabrication facility. A low power Sensor Network Asynchronous Processor will process and store sensor data. Wireless technology will be based on backscatter radio similar to that used in RFID and theft detection applications. Phase II will collect rotor blade baseline vibration data using the proposed embedded HUMS Node and ground station software

MicroStrain, Inc.
459 Hurricane Lane Suite 102
Williston, VT 05495
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 862-6629
Steven W. Arms
ARMY 09-019      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Embedded Component Health Management for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Embedded usage tracking of helicopter rotating components, combined with active radio frequency identification (RFID) has the potential to reduce maintenance costs, reduce weight, maximize structural life, & enhance safety. Energy harvesting used with advanced, micro-power wireless sensing electronics, enables the realization of truly autonomous sensing and recording. The objective of this SBIR is to develop a comprehensive and networked health management capability that can be embedded directly into a rotorcraft component. This Phase I SBIR effort includes development and demonstration of embedded energy harvesting radio frequency identification (EH-RFID) nodes with capabilities of unique identification, performance monitoring, on board storage of component usage history, and remaining useful life. One of the unique aspects of this Phase I SBIR proposal is that the EH-RFID sensor nodes will be designed to consume very little energy. This facilitates continuous operation using highly miniaturized energy harvesters. This approach greatly reduces the barriers to embedded sensor installation. EH-RFIDs shall be compatible with existing wireless sensor data aggregators (WSDAs), which feature an open architecture interface to HUMS boxes. However, EH-RFID nodes will also be designed to perform autonomously on aircraft which may not have an installed HUMS system.

Advanced Rotorcraft Technology, Inc.
1330 Charleston Road
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Chengjian He
ARMY 09-020      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Combined Viscous Vortex Particle Method with a Near Body CFD Solver for Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis
Abstract:The unsteady rotorcraft wake emanated from rotors, wings, and lifting surfaces is a physically complicated problem and remains a difficult aspect of comprehensive rotorcraft analysis. The recent development of a viscous vortex particle method (VVPM) shows very high promise for providing a first-principle-based solution to the unsteady wake problem. Applying VVPM for wake vorticity transportation, while using a modern near body CFD solver for resolving vorticity sources of the rotor blades, fuselage, and lifting surfaces (such as wing and stabilators), will provide an efficient hybrid rotorcraft aerodynamic solution in support of comprehensive rotorcraft modeling and analysis. This SBIR will develop a formulation of the coupled VVPM/CFD/CSD interface and associated algorithms for numerical simulation. The coupled solution will be demonstrated through test problems for prediction of rotor wake vorticity variation and rotor airloads and response. The proposed SBIR research emphasizes the fundamental rotorcraft wake dynamics modeling and resulting airloads prediction accuracy. The research and development will also emphasize the integration of the state-of-the-art VVPM with a modern rotorcraft comprehensive analysis program, such as RCAS, in support of rotorcraft research, design, and engineering applications.

Applied Scientific Research
1800 East Garry Ave, Suite 214
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 752-7545
Adrin Gharakhani
ARMY 09-020      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Hybrid Vorticity Transport Method for Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis
Abstract:The overall objective of this proposal is to develop a standalone module for efficient LES of incompressible and transonic flow of rotorcraft wake on a distributed network of multicore CPUs and GPUs. The module will be based on a Lagrangian Vortex Particle Method (LVPM) and will include the capability to interface with other CFD codes, using Python or a similarly versatile language. The interface will be developed with "code agnosticism" in mind, allowing it to exchange requisite input/output variables and parameters between the LVPM and arbitrary external CFD solvers. A compressibility model will be introduced to LVPM to allow for a more natural interface with compressible CFD codes. Novel software and hardware technologies will be implemented to substantially accelerate the simulation turn around times. Phase I will involve implementation of LES on a cluster of GPUs, interfacing LVPM with a well-established CFD code, and demonstrating proof of concept using a number of test problems.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Glen Whitehouse
ARMY 09-020      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:Novel Hybrid Vorticity Transport CFD for Rotorcraft Analysis
Abstract:Accurate performance prediction is critical to rotorcraft design and development, and while significant gains have been made in rotorcraft CFD-CSD methods, predicting unsteady wake aerodynamics remains a significant challenge. Current analysis tools can theoretically model the complete rotorcraft, but are hampered by modeling assumptions (for Lagrangian methods) and numerical formulation (for CFD). Commonly used analysis tools fail to adequately predict the load distribution on arbitrarily shaped rotors and fuselages and the wake induced unsteadiness. The proposed effort addresses these limitations by building upon prior work in rotorcraft CFD-CSD coupling to develop an innovative hybrid vorticity transport CFD method for predicting aerodynamics in comprehensive rotorcraft analyses. Enabled by work at CDI developing a hybrid vorticity- velocity formulated CFD solver (VorTran-M), the proposed approach, consisting of a fully coupled OVERFLOW-VorTran-M hybrid analysis that can directly interface with the U.S. Army’s RCAS comprehensive analysis will improve airloads prediction capabilities by capturing blade vortex interactions, as well as rotor-fuselage and main-rotor-tail-rotor interactions. Phase I will see enhancement of a prototype OVERFLOW VorTran-M coupling developed in prior work, along with an assessment of the influence of viscous terms on wake evolution and an investigation of methods to enhance the computational performance on massively parallel computers.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Shawn Ericson
ARMY 09-021      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:An Integrated Optical Diagnostic Analysis (IODA) Suite
Abstract:An Integrated Optical Diagnostics Analysis (IODA) Suite is proposed for the unification of optical data for wind tunnel testing. While optical methods have paved the way for non- intrusive measurement of complex flow characteristics and corresponding model response in wind tunnel tests, a variety of tools, techniques, and data formats complicates the consolidation of information into a single cohesive analysis tool. The IODA Suite will be developed with an object-oriented, component architecture and designed for the inclusion of multiple input source plug-ins for data collection and post(IODA)- processing. IODA is intended to support community involvement and collaboration where researchers and practitioners of optical diagnostic data collection and visualization tools can create their own plug-ins for the software suite in a simple developer-friendly environment. The proposed Phase I effort will focus on research and design of the software system components and implementation of the most critical components that are key in the success of the applications performance and stability. An option is provided to test and iterate on the design for solidifying the foundation of the core capabilities before proceeding to Phase II. By the end of the Phase II an operational tool will be provided to the optical diagnostics community for testing.

Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.
2766 Indian Ripple Rd
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-4980
Jim Crafton
ARMY 09-021      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Open Source Comprehensive Optical Diagnostic Analysis Suite
Abstract:Over the past 20 years a variety of image-based experimental tools, such as PSP/TSP, PIV, and VMD which offer increased productivity, have been developed for wind tunnels. While each of these techniques can be used individually, rapidly combining the data from these tools would bring added value to the data analysis process. This capability of rapid data fusion is critical to enable understanding of the flow field, and therefore, facilitate quick and accurate decision making. Developing a software package for fusion of data from multiple experimental and computational formats is the focus of this proposal. While this type of data fusion can be very useful, it is often a time consuming process. Generally, each experimental technique uses unique data processing software, and produces data with a unique data format. Furthermore, combining this data with computational results requires mapping data between the experimental surface mesh and the computational mesh. Currently, the data fusion process requires significant operator input, and that operator must have extensive knowledge of each experimental and computational technique. The goal of this program is to develop a suite of Open Source software to facilitate this data fusion process for an array of experimental techniques.

AMERICAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES CO
3825 Lizette Ln.
Glenview, IL 60026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 559-1408
Igor V Barsukov
ARMY 09-022      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:New and Improved Primary Lithium / Carbon Monofluoride 20 Year Backup Battery
Abstract:American Energy Technologies Co (Glenview, IL) will partner with Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA) in order to demonstrate tangible enhancement in performance of primary lithium carbon monofluoride (Li/CFx) battery chemistry. The objective is to devise a significantly improved version of the Li/CFx system, and based on it to determine the feasibility of developing a low drain battery that would operate in a wide temperature range of at least – 40 degrees C to + 85 degrees C; have a service life of 20 years; and meet all other specification requirements of the US Army. The improvements will be achieved through application of new and improved active materials, innovative electrolyte system, next generation carbon-based conductive diluents for the cathode and Titanium current collector coating, tailor-made composition of glass for the glass-to-metal seal and through other breakthrough changes in the cell-manufacturing technology. When commercialized, besides US Army application, cells are likely to find use in the outdoor gas meters and a number of other civilian applications.

Johnson Research & Development Co., Inc.
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
William Rauch
ARMY 09-022      Awarded: 1/25/2010
Title:20 year backup battery
Abstract:Military equipment intended for long duration use has a need for a basic long life primary battery that will exceed the 5-year life of current cells. This will lower the maintenance costs of devices such as remote sensors and electronics containing CMOS that require constant power. Johnson Research proposes the application of an all solid-state battery to meet the challenges of long battery life. Solid-state batteries do not suffer chemical degradations common in battery chemistries containing liquid components. Johnson Research’s sister company Excellatron has been producing thin film solid-state rechargeable batteries for a number of years and is poised to utilize LiPON solid electrolyte with a very low current leakage, which is required for the long duration battery. The proposed battery will meet and exceed all Army requirements of a 20-year primary battery for military application.

ASE Optics
2489 Brighton Henrietta Town Line Rd.
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-0335
Damon Diehl
ARMY 09-023      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Reducing missile dome cost using Segmented-APerture Hybrid Image Reconstruction (SAPHIR)
Abstract:The missile dome represents an enormous percentage of a modern missile’s expense. This project seeks to develop image correction methods to relax the optical tolerances for missile domes, thus significantly reducing their cost. ASE Optics has extensive experience in digital image processing, optical design, and in the manufacturing and measurement of missile domes. Furthermore ASE Optics is strategically located within the Rochester, NY optics community, with fast access to dome manufacturers and optical fabrication shops. ASE Optics is thus uniquely qualified to solve this problem. We propose a hybrid optical and digital approach to minimize image sensitivity to aberrations produced by the missile dome. This new approach, termed segmented-aperture hybrid image reconstruction (SAPHIR), requires minimal computation power and should improve the image resolution by 2X without increasing the exposure time. We anticipate that SAPHIR will allow dome surface tolerances to be relaxed from 0.25 waves to 1 wave. It is expected that the final cost of the dome would be reduced by 10%.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0681
Vojtech Svoboda
ARMY 09-024      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:High Power and Capacity Anode for Thermal Battery
Abstract:The present thermal battery technologies cannot currently meet future requirements that call for higher power and capacity with a smaller footprint. The principal avenue for increasing thermal battery specific energy is to identify and develop new electrode materials and electrolytes which provide higher specific capacity at higher operating voltages. The overall objective of the proposed effort is to develop (design, fabricate, test and demonstrate) novel nano-structured anode materials for thermal battery with enhanced electronic conductivity and Li+ storage capacity. During Phase I, computational models will be used to optimize the technology concepts, and the optimized designs samples of the material will be fabricated, tested and characterized. Experimental hardware and instrumentation (currently under development at CFDRC) will be leveraged for technology development. During Phase II, materials/chemistries and synthesis processes will be optimized. Test cell will be prototyped and battery testing will be carried out. An experienced, multi-disciplinary team with expertise in design and testing of microsystems, electrochemistry, and battery technology has been assembled to successfully meet project objectives and milestones.

ENSER Corporation, The
5430 70th Avenue North
Pinellas Park, FL 33781
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 520-1393
Annmarie Ronacher
ARMY 09-024      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:New Thermal Battery Electrochemistry
Abstract:Thermal batteries are mission critical components which provide power to military weapon systems for electronics, fusing, sensing and actuation. Current and future thermal battery packaging and performance requirements are being pushed to the limits, demanding higher power levels over longer operating times (hence, higher usable energy output) in smaller, lighter packages. These increases are required for: (1) advanced munitions and strategic defense applications employing multifunctional seeker and sensor packages, (2) active data links supporting a net-centric capability and/or (3) increased maneuvering capability. In order to meet these demands, ENSER proposes to develop and demonstrate significant increases in energy density, power density and operational lifetime over state-of-the-art LiSi/CoS2 chemistry. Potential new anode and cathode material pairings will be identified and initially evaluated in single cell tests prior to incorporation into prototype batteries. The short-term goal is 100% increases in specific energy over baseline LiSi/FeS2, which will be accomplished by identification of a new cathode material. When paired with a new anode system material, the specific energy will be increased by 2.5X over baseline LiSi/FeS2.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
David Sherrer
ARMY 09-025      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:MEMS Safety and Arming Device
Abstract:Nuvotronics proposes a revolutionary improvement in MEMS fuze technology by bringing MEMS-like miniaturization and batch fabrication to the entire fuze assembly and packaging process. The result yielding a monolithic, in-plane, self packaged and complete fuze product with minimal assembly and therefore, no automation investment required. Our solution, the Xynamo™ Safety and Arming device, is based on the exclusive Nuvotronics™ PolyStrata™ MEMS process. The proposed solution will provide ARDEC with significantly improved safety and arming fuzes with the following key advantages: low cost, reduced manufacturing capital investment, high volume and high yield batch production, scalable manufacturing design, hermetic sealing and high reliability.

AlphaSense, Inc.
470 Century Blvd. Boxwood Commerce Center
Wilmington, DE 19808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 998-1116
Pengcheng Lv
ARMY 09-026      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Innovative Real Time Probes for Plastic Bonded Exp
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative real time probe for online monitoring of plastic bonded explosive manufacturing process. Key innovations of the proposed sensor probe include: a) the use of a white light interferometer (WLI) to form real time images of the particles for accurate particle size measurements, and b) the use of quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) based devices for viscosity and water content measurements. With these innovations, the proposed sensor probe will have the following merits: 1) Simple, compact, and low cost, 2) Capable of providing all the necessary information, 3) High sensitivity, 4) Large dynamic range, 5) Superior stability, and 6) Automatic data acquisition and easy interpretation.

Applied Sonics Inc.
9457 S. University Blvd, #248
Littleton, CO 80126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 471-0269
Wesley Cobb
ARMY 09-026      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Ultrasonic Probe for Quality Measurement of Explos
Abstract:There is currently very limited in-process monitoring and control information available during the manufacturing of explosives at Army ammunition plants. The first quality measurement is done well after all processing is complete. Unfortunately, the composition/quality can vary significantly due to metering errors, process variations, and delivery blockages. Even a small variation in the mix composition can severely impact the performance, reliability, and safety of the explosive. The overall vision of this initiative is to provide improved explosives quality through tighter control of manufacturing variables. This initiative would apply unique, ultrasonic-sensing technology to monitor the quality of explosives manufacturing. The advantage of using ultrasound is that sensors can be completely isolated from the explosives, making it low power and safe for operators. Analysis of the ultrasonic signal can provide information on physical and chemical changes during the manufacturing process. The proposed effort would provide key information at an early stage rather than after the process is finished. This information would enable closed-loop control of explosives manufacturing during the actual process. For example, if significant variations in composition are detected during batch processing, adjustments to feed rates or mass balances could be changed to ensure final product quality.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
ARMY 09-026      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Dielectrometric Explosive Mixture Analyzer
Abstract:To address the Army need for hazardous duty, explosion proof probes for process monitoring and quality control in explosives manufacturing, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dielectrometric Explosive Mixture Analyzer (DEMA) system. This proposed device is based on Time-Domain Dielectric Spectrometry principles. The DEMA innovations will enable the device to accurately and safely detect in real time the compositional properties of various classes of heterogeneous formulations used in modern explosive munitions production, including particle size, bulk viscosity, and water content, by applying a robust data collection and analysis methodology, in an inexpensive, easy-to-operate package. A novel approach to the extraction of composition-dependent information makes this technology insensitive to production environment noise, and provides the capability to monitor a wide range of dielectric materials. The miniscule energy required to operate the probe renders it suitable for use with the most sensitive of the Army’s explosive formulations. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the DEMA system by applying it to the measurement of inert mixtures approximating real-life formulations. In Phase II, POC will evaluate and optimize the design in Phase I, and develop and fabricate a functional production-deployable prototype for testing at the Army’s ARDEC facility.

CarboMet LLC
18 Erskine Drive
Morristown, NJ 07960
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 549-2013
Chris Wang
ARMY 09-027      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Nanostructured polymeric nitrogen high performance energetic material
Abstract:In the Phase I effort proposed, a novel polymeric, environmentally-friendly nitrogen phase will be grafted to a nitrogen-derivatized carbon nanostructure using electromagnetic radiation-, plasma-, and electrochemically-assisted chemical reactions involving precursors with high nitrogen content. Based on structural and energetic properties obtained as well as on process cost-effectiveness, one synthetic route will be downselected for optimization and scale-up during the optional period and Phase II. Because of the high stability of the triply bonded nitrogen molecule, the singly bonded nitrogen polymer will be highly energetic; however, insensitivity and ambient pressure and temperature stabilization will be achieved via grafting and confinement within the nanostructured carbon template.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
ARMY 09-028      Awarded: 12/11/2009
Title:Innovative High Strength Nanostructured Aluminum-Based Composites
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR Program will demonstrate and help mature the use of mechanical alloyed, thermally stable nanocrystalline aluminum alloys produced by extrusion and roll Processing. These nano strengthened alloys are sensitive to manufacturing processes, but offer the potential for thermally stable nanocomposite aluminum alloys showing a 100% increase in strength over current aluminum alloys, while retaining up to 8% ductility and being thermally sable to 350C. This program will investigate ductility and toughness optimization in PM aluminum-lithium nano composites using the ductile phase toughening approach developed over the past 5 years. With ductile phase toughening, ductility and toughness in high strength alloys is enabled by adding back coarse (micron-scale) grained aluminum particles with the mechanically alloyed aluminum composite material, to provide a strong 140ksi+ material with improved ductility over standard high strength nano aluminum alloys.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
ARMY 09-029      Awarded: 4/2/2010
Title:Nanoinfusion Technology for Advanced Gun Propellants
Abstract:It has been demonstrated on a small scale that nanoparticles have the potential to improve the performance of high energy density gun propellants. Nanomaterials such as Al, B, AlB, and BNNT have been integrated into gun propellants resulting in increased burning rates and efficiencies. However, significant technical challenges exist with this technology in process scalability, particle agglomeration during mixing, and long term stability of suspended nanoparticles. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to integrate nanoinfusion technology into conventional propellant processing techniques. Nanoinfusion is a process that allows for in-situ formation of nanoparticles in polymer matrices. Successful integration of nanoinfusion into propellant processing will replace the current nanoparticle mixing and dispersion phase of gun propellant processing. Nanoinfusion technology is not a liquid dispersion process, so there is no route for agglomeration or nanoparticle phase separation, which will improve long term stability of the nanoparticles in the propellant binder. Nanoinfusion is a highly scalable process and can easily allow for tuning of particle sizes. Advantages resulting from CRG’s proposed concept will allow for enhanced propellant tailorability and scalability leading to significantly improved system performance at a lower cost than current nanoparticle containing propellants.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8364
Naida Lacevic
ARMY 09-029      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Advanced High Energy Density Propellants
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics, Inc., in collaboration with Prof. Steven Son’s group at Purdue University and Dr. Darren Naud, is proposing to design nanoparticle enhanced high energy density propellants using theoretical and simulation methods, and verify the design by small-scale laboratory production and testing. We will use molecular dynamics and implement novel dissipative particle dynamics methods to model and predict phase separation and nanoparticle dispersion in propellant binders. Our predictions will be verified and validated by SEM and TEM experiments at Purdue. The outcome of the proposed study will be a recommendation for nanoparticle enhanced high energy density propellant compositions that will reduce phase separation and nanoparticle agglomeration and maximize performance. Simulant propellant samples manufactured at Purdue will be made available to Picatinny Arsenal researchers for characterization with their small angle x-ray (SAX) and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) systems.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard O Claus
ARMY 09-030      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Photo-Thermal Formation of Sighting Reticles Inside Self-Assembled Bulk Glass Optics
Abstract:This Army SBIR program would demonstrate the feasibility of forming weapon sighting reticles inside the bulk volumes of optical components. Bulk aluminosilicate glass optical components would be fabricated using layer-by-layer self-assembly processing techniques. These non-traditional processes allow the incorporation of photo-thermo sensitive molecular layers only at specific internal planes. Focused photoillumination onto this internal layer followed by heat treatment then forms a visible reticle pattern only at the location of the internal plane. Bulk photosensitive glass manufactured using conventional ‘heat, mix and pour’ production methods is sensitive throughout its entire geometry, so does not allow this type of localized internal writing of reticle patterns. During the Phase I program, NanoSonic would self-assemble bulk optical components with designed internal photo-thermo sensitive planes, selectively write patterns onto these planes using low fluence UV radiation, and thermally treat the written materials to produce optically visible and opaque reticle patterns. Variations in self-assembly chemistry, optical irradiation and thermal processing would be used to optimize reticle geometry and opacity and the speed of the production process. Prototype optical components with internally-written reticles would be produced during Phase I, evaluated, and made available for testing by the Army.

Translume
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6330
Philippe Bado
ARMY 09-030      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:Advanced weapon sighting systems fabricated with FemtoWrite and FemtoEtch processes
Abstract:The Army has a need for better weapon sight reticles. Currently, weapon sight reticles are fabricated only on flat surfaces. These flat surfaces produce unwanted retro- reflections. Translume has developed several processes to micromachine glass using femtosecond lasers. We have shown that we can locally change the index of refraction of the glass, thus creating features that can guide, or diffract light propagating through the glass. We can create scattering features that block or diffract light. The intensity of the scattering can be controlled over a large dynamic range. In some glass of mixed compositions we can locally change the color of the glass. We can also ablate glass. We have also demonstrated that we can locally increase the glass susceptibility to various chemical etchants. These capabilities have been used to fabricate various optical elements. Using this demonstrated fabrication knowledge, we are proposing to develop, produce, and test a rugged advanced weapon sight, with a reticle fabricated in bulk glass and characterized by a significantly reduced retro-reflection signature. Our proposal is supported by numerous data collected by Translume over the last five years under numerous DoD programs, or with various commercial partners.

ADC Acquisition Co. dba Automated Dynamics
407 Front Street
Schenectady, NY 12305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 377-6471
David Hauber
ARMY 09-031      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Automated Manufacturing of Composite Materials inc
Abstract:Automated fiber placement (AFP) of thermoplastic (TP) composite jackets around large caliber gun barrels and railgun cores has enabled a dramatic increase in lethality while meeting aggressive maneuver requirements. Automated Dynamics has played a central role in the development of TP AFP technology and its use for this application. There is a continuing need to improve safety, temperature capability and productivity of existing technology. This project will apply existing TP AFP technology using metal matrix composites (MMC) for dramatic increase in temperature capability to meet the Army’s aggressive targets. There are significant problems to be addressed to hit these targets including safety, higher power input and weld contamination issues. Unique MMC materials, advanced heating technologies and innovative processing will be used to achieve a quantum leap in process capabilities for composite jackets around large caliber gun barrels, railguns & many other military and commercial applications.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 3755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jay C. Rozzi, Ph.D.
ARMY 09-031      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Directed Heating System for High Speed Manufacturi
Abstract:Polymer matrix thermoplastic (e.g., PEEK/IM7) composites exhibit excellent toughness, fatigue strength, and strength-to-weight characteristics over their all-metal counterparts. These characteristics make them desirable for high performance military structures such as artillery components for Mounted Combat Systems, aircraft components, and hulls for underwater vehicles. Currently, Automated Tape Laying (ATL) machines accomplish in- situ matrix heating, winding, and compaction of the composite prepreg tape onto mandrels. As a result of indirect and ineffective heating, both the prepreg winding tension and the tape feed rates are limited by the current ATL machines. Creare’s innovation is a novel Directed Heating System (DHS) that deposits directed and localized energy into the prepreg tape using a laser that can be easily and safely integrated with the fiber placement head on any ATL machine platform. During the Phase I project, we will assemble the DHS, complete pre-production tests on composite parts, and design the system for integration on off-the-shelf ATL machines. During Phase II, we will complete the system design, integration, testing, and transition the technology.

M-MECH DEFENSE, INC
200 INNOVATION BLVD. SUITE 155
STATE COLLEGE, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-5688
ALFREDO VAZQUEZ CARAZO
ARMY 09-032      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Self-contained Thin Multilayer Setback Piezo Gener
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative thin- multilayer setback piezoelectric generator (TM-SPG) to provide inertial harvested power for spin stabilized small-and-medium-caliber fuzing. The novel setback generator uses the characteristics of piezoelectric materials to harvest the firing acceleration. The unit will be manufactured using advanced thin-layer multilayer tape-casting production to deliver a high capacitance, low voltage, powerful and compact power source. The novel generator will be integrated in a housing containing the piezoelectric active material, the setback mass and output pins for easy modular connection with the fuze electronics. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of the novel TM-SPG technology. Proof of the concept models will show, through practical evaluation and through use of both physical based calculations and coupled-physics based finite element analyses (FEA), the potential energy density levels achievable. Phase II is to deliver a robust, design optimized, TM-SPG using the specific Army fuze requirements for 25mm to 40mm caliber ammunition. Safety will be demonstrated by testing the unit under the MIL-STD-331 requirements.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
David Sherrer
ARMY 09-032      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:MEMS Munitions Power Source
Abstract:A cost effective power source for smart munitions becomes an increasingly difficult problem for small diameter rounds as traditional reserve battery and inertial generator approaches have construction techniques that don’t scale down well. Munitions have unique needs compared to most power systems requiring unusually long shelf life, unusually short working life, and require high reliability under harsh conditions. In addition, due to the high volume expected for small diameter rounds, the ability to deliver a solution that is low cost is important. Microfabrication approaches to create a power source can allow less volume to be consumed in the packaging and ancillary structures and more in the energy producing device itself, and at the same time allow high volume manufacturing for reduced cost. Nuvotronics proposes to develop a miniature battery that meets required volume and energy density goals while meeting the environmental requirements. We will utilize our patented PolystrataTM metal micromachining process and our in-depth experience in Si micromachining to create a device that is low-cost and producible in high volumes.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
ARMY 09-032      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Spinning Inertia Energy Scavenger by Thin-Film Alt
Abstract:To address the Army need for an inertial energy harvester in spin stabilized small- and medium-caliber munitions to power fuze electronics and initiation circuits, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Spinning Inertia Energy Scavenger by Thin-film Alternator (SIESTA). This proposed MEMS fabricated device is based on the rotational alternation of electric induced charge. The innovation in the new system design and use of a new material, as well as POC’s proprietary technology of the “charge swing”, will enable the SIESTA device to harvest more than 100 mJ of energy in a volume that does not exceed 1.4 cm3. As a result, this technology offers high energy density (better than 60 mJ/cm3), small size (less than 1.5 cm3), and the capability to work in a wide frequency range and sustain high acceleration during launch, which directly addresses the requirements of the OICW and OCSW acquisition programs. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SIESTA by the analysis of computer based models as well as assemble and test a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype of TRL 4-5 to show how the approach solves the problem.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Mike McFarland
ARMY 09-033      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Miniaturization of Sensors on Flexible Substrates
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to demonstrate nano-ink printing processes for making function specific active sensors and electronics on flexible substrates. The goal is to demonstrate ink formulations and recipes for depositing conductor and semiconductor materials on various flexible polymer and polyimide substrates for use in smart munitions sensors. In this project active sensor electronic systems for intelligent munitions will be developed with an emphasis on antenna and GPS electronics for Medium Range Munitions (MRM).

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 1862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Thomas Fusco
ARMY 09-033      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Direct Write Inkjet Printing of Miniature Sensors
Abstract:SI2 proposes to leverage its experience in Direct Write technology to inkjet print passive and active sensors and circuitry for use in medium range munitions. Formulations of dielectric, resistive, conductive and magnetic inks will be deposited to show the feasibility of manufacturing complex electronics using a wide format, roll to roll inkjet process. Our innovative approach is based on using well-known design criteria for functional sensors, modifying the design according to SI2’s Direct Write inkjet printing capabilities and integrating the requisite inks with both the substrate and the jetting assembly. SI2 will address the three areas of design, manufacturing and materials collectively to make inkjet printed complex sensors a potential reality. In Phase I, SI2 will modify its current stable of inks to develop four functional types; dielectric, resistive, conductive and magnetic. A demonstration article, such as an LRC circuit, will be inkjet printed and characterized. A manufacturing plan will be developed to provide a foundation for future demonstrations in the Phase II. The follow-on Phase II program will refine the sensor concept and develop functional antenna and GPS sensor demonstration devices for use in medium range munitions.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8895
Vitaliy Khizhnichenko
ARMY 09-034      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Image Analysis for Personnel Intent
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a real-time intelligent imaging system capable of automatic identifying individual’s suspicious and/or harmful intent from a standoff distance of 45 meters in unconstrained indoor/outdoor settings based on biometric data, Irvine Sensors Corporation (ISC) proposes to develop new Personal Intent Recognition Imaging (PIRI) system. This system is based on: a) several proprietary image processing algorithms using both spectral and spatio-temporal features and tailored to recognition of harmful/suspicious intent, and b) a novel hardware/software implementation of these algorithms in form of a combination of “smart sensors” (compact multispectral cameras augmented with FPGA-based processor logic) and a laptop computer. The PIRI system will offer reliable recognition of harmful intent in such military applications as border patrol, stand-off interrogation, surveillance and commercial applications for access control and surveillance at enterprises, shopping areas etc. In Phase I ISC will demonstrate feasibility of PIRI by implementing a proof-of-concept software functionally equivalent to the future PIRI operational prototype and based on preliminary determination of psycho-physiological and physical indicators most adequate for intent identification. Phase I will result in functional design of an operational prototype. In Phase II ISC will produce this prototype and demonstrate its functionality in an interactive real-time mode.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
ARMY 09-034      Awarded: 4/13/2010
Title:Spectral Imaging Sensor for Improved Biometric and Human Intent Analysis
Abstract:The use of spectral imaging data for biometric stress/intent analysis will be investigated. The project’s ultimate goal is the development of an operational system for remote, real-time characterization of human intent in uncooperative environments. In Phase I, a detailed investigation will be conducted to determine an effective approach for utilizing spectral imaging information to improve the accuracy and robustness of non-contact intent analysis based on physiological signatures associated with stress, fear, deception, and other emotions. This work will culminate with a system design for a prototype biometric imaging system to be constructed under Phase II. Beyond Phase II the design and concept will be further developed leading to a fully commercialized system for applications in security screening, perimeter monitoring, interrogation, lie detection, and other similar DoD and law enforcement applications. For this project, OKSI (with experience in spectral imaging and system development) will collaborate with a leading researcher group that has scientific insight and proven techniques in psycho- physiological characterization and stress analysis. The combined expertise of the proposed team will enable an efficient and effective determination of appropriate technology from both practical and scientific perspectives.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Mark Stacy
ARMY 09-035      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Critical Fuze Technology Protection System
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc (CRG) proposes to provide a complete cost-effective anti-tamper system to protect advanced ammunition projectiles from tamper and reverse- engineering efforts. CRG has participated in five AT-based Phase II and seven AT-based Phase I SBIR programs. These programs have produced multiple layers of AT solutions. These solutions consist of a high TRL 7/8 conformal coating system, a multiple tamper event detection system, a non-energetic integrated circuit (IC) destruction technique and a sensor-based system validation scheme. CRG has been actively involved with the AT community for six years and has developed a very good understanding of the techniques, defenses and implementation issues involved with incorporating AT into systems for the protection of critical technology. CRG''s demonstrated expertise in the proposed technology areas presents the Army the opportunity to obtain an effective, reliable, and economical AT protection system using conformal coatings and layered tamper detection methods in protecting the critical information components of advanced ammunition projectiles. The proposing team''s track record of innovation in materials and AT techniques positions CRG for successful implementation of an effective, reliable, and economical anti-tamper system meeting the Army’s operational needs.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth Knowles
ARMY 09-035      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Tamper-proof Protection of Critical Combat Ammunition Fuze and Guidance Technologies
Abstract:The proposed program is intended to develop a practical low cost solution to reliably ensure that it is possible to deny reverse analysis of the critical RF frequencies and processor electronics code and algorithms that are increasingly employed by the integrated electronics within the Fuze assemblies. What is proposed is a unique low cost solution that is normally passive i.e. does not consume any energy under normal conditions. As detailed below, the solution is rugged to excessive loads, low cost to manufacture, and should be completely flexible in application to many military Fuze products.

The Athena Group, Inc.
408 West University Avenue Suite 306
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 371-2567
Jonathon D. Mellott
ARMY 09-035      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Tamper-proof Protection of Critical Combat Ammunit
Abstract:Advanced ammunition projectiles use a variety of advanced fuzing and guidance technologies. Since current implementations of these technologies are not tamper resistant, these technologies are export controlled to prevent reverse engineering and/or countermeasures development by adversaries. Due to proliferation of these technologies among multi-national allies and increased demands for international sales of products containing these technologies, there exists a need to produce tamper resistant fuzes. This Phase I project will apply a platform-based design methodology for the development of secure system-on-a-chip solutions to produce a design capable of meeting the demanding profile, size, weight, power, and cost requirements of high production volume ammunition projectiles.

Procerus Technologies LC
452 South 950 East
Orem, UT 84097
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 224-5713
Blake Barber
ARMY 09-036      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Swarm/agent Technology For Small Unit Scalable Effects
Abstract:Procerus Technologies, along with its partner Brigham Young University, propose to develop cooperative control technologies to enable multiple small, unmanned air vehicles (SUAVs) to carry out a mission involving search, tracking, imaging, and localization (STIL). The goal is to carry out these activities as a team of SUAVs, enhancing the performance and robustness of the mission execution. During this Phase I SBIR task, the Procerus/BYU team will carry out the following technical tasks: 1) Create a multiple SUAV simulation testbed for algorithm testing and development. 2) Develop probabilistic target motion models that capture target behavior based on situational awareness. 3) Formulate and test a multi-model tracker to estimate target vehicle location. 4) Design and implement a cooperative control architecture that enables multi-SUAV STIL. 5) Develop a search strategy that maximizes the probability of target detection based on a location probability prior. 6) Design and implement a cooperative tracking algorithm that maximizes tracking robustness. 7) Demonstrate the multi-SUAV STIL algorithms in a realistic mission simulation. The Procerus/BYU team will leverage their technical expertise in vision-based control of SUAVs and cooperative control of SUAVs to successfully complete the technical objectives of this proposal.

Robotic Research LLC
814 W. Diamond Ave. Suite 301
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
ARMY 09-036      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Cooperative Control of Small Unmanned Assets (CCSU
Abstract:A robust surveillance solution that harnesses the full potential of SUGVs and UAVs has yet to be created. Rather, much of the emphasis of current research is toward refining individual systems. Without a proper collaborative system, creation of a “sum is greater than the parts” solution is impossible. Robotic Research, LLC proposes to create the Cooperative Control of Small Unmanned Assets (CCSUA) by combining the state-of-the- art unmanned systems technologies together with algorithms that provide superior, cooperative control of heterogeneous unmanned systems.

Coherent Logix, Incorporated
1120 South Capital of Texas Highway Building 3, Suite 310
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 579-4974
Martin Hunt
ARMY 09-037      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Smart Array for Enhanced Resolution (SAFER)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes the development of an integrated large format detector array and low-power, high performance HyperX parallel processor to increase the situational awareness capabilities of the modern warfighter. This system will combine the high bandwidth and glueless logic interface capabilities of the HyperX processor to couple the raw data stream to dynamic processing algorithms that enable the soldier to intelligently allocate system resolution on targets of interest. The HyperX architecture excels in low-power, embedded applications that require small form factor, low part count, high levels of computing resources, ease of programming and expansion headroom. CLX will design the system to be deployed in Soldier Systems, unmanned ground / air vehicles, and unattended ground sensors where size, weight, and power are at a premium. The CLX SAFER prototype will demonstrate the capability to capture images from up to a 12 MPixel array at 30 fps and dynamically process the video stream to enhance the native spatial resolution and illumination dynamic range. Several key technologies will be utilized to accomplish the system objectives including high speed readout circuits, low-power parallel processing, dense component packaging, and image processing algorithms that dynamically interact with the soldier and detector array.

Crossfield Technology LLC
4505 Spicewood Springs Road Suite 360
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Gary McMillian
ARMY 09-037      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Smart Dense Detector Arrays
Abstract:Crossfield Technology proposes a high-density multi-chip module (MCM) for smart dense detector arrays based on the Nvidia Tegra multi-core processor. The Tegra processor integrates an ARM-11 processor with a GeForce Graphics Processor Unit (GPU) to deliver 30 GFLOPS of computational performance for real-time image processing and video encoding. The ultra-low-power Tegra also integrates high-speed interfaces for up to 4 GB of main system memory, NAND flash memory for embedded firmware, a high- speed Camera Serial Interface (CSI), HDMI or LCD video outputs, and USB On-the-Go control and data port. Crossfield will also integrate a programmable interface supporting a variety of focal plane arrays, providing frame capture and data transport from the FPA to the Tegra processor through its high-speed CSI port. Crossfield proposes a rapid prototype development during the Phase I Program to develop a printed circuit board implementation of the proposed design to support software development during the Phase II Program and provide a development environment for users of the technology.

Brimrose Corporation of America
19 Loveton Circle Hunt Valley Loveton Center
Sparks, MD 21152
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 472-7070
Chen Wang
ARMY 09-038      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Development Of Scanning Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (PAS) Using A Novel Optical/Laser Microphone For The Remote Detection Of Explosives
Abstract:We propose to develop a scanning photoacoustic spectroscopic (PAS) system fitted with a novel laser microphone for the remote scanning of targeted molecules and chemical compounds. By leveraging the acoustic signatures emitted by the target molecules, the proposed PAS technology offers better detection sensitivity in identifying the presence and concentrations of targeted molecules compared to conventional photo-spectroscopic techniques like LIBS, Raman spectroscopy, and terahertz radiations. Further boosting the performance of the proposed PAS technology is the adoption of a novel, highly sensitive laser microphone capable of detecting the minute displacements of the diaphragm caused by the acoustic signatures emitted by the targeted molecules. The excellent sensitivity of the proposed PAS technology with novel laser microphone is expected to offer standoff detection distances in the 50 –100 meters range at the end of its development. We also propose to study the deployment of arrayed microphones to perform cancellation of common background noise, leading thus to even better sensitivity in trace gas detection and further lengthening of the standoff distances. Scanning mechanisms and the related opto-mechanical system architectures of the proposed PAS technology is also to be conducted to support rapid scanning of desired areas at the standoff distance.

OPTRA, Inc
461 Boston Street
Topsfield, MA 01983
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 887-6600
Craig Schwarze
ARMY 09-038      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Compact, Wide Field Photoacoustic Explosive Detection
Abstract:OPTRA proposes the development of an explosive detector comprised of a Risley scanner and a standoff photoacoustic detector for robot-based mobile operation. During the Phase I, OPTRA will be focused on developing demonstration hardware and collecting spectra of explosives samples to demonstrate feasibility. The Risley scanner is a mature technology, which uses a pair of matched prisms to steer a laser beam anywhere inside a cone. OPTRA has extensive experience developing and customizing such Risley scanners to accommodate a variety of applications including infrared countermeasures, optical avoidance and optical communication. The standoff photoacoustic explosive detection hardware concept was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL) and utilizes a Quartz Crystal Tuning Fork (QCTF) to detect reflected returns from the target. Using this technology, ORNL has demonstrated the ability to not only detect explosive concentrations as low as 100 ng/cm2 at a range of 20 m, but also to distinguish between various explosives. By coupling these two demonstrated technologies, OPTRA should be able to rapidly demonstrate and prototype a compact, wide field, highly sensitive explosive detector capable of monitoring large areas from a safe distance, which should help neutralize the IED threat in the near term.

Universal Global Products, LLC
3159 Schrader Rd
Dover, NJ 7801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 968-5156
S. Zlatev
ARMY 09-039      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Innovative Coatings for Lightweight Alloys
Abstract:In response to the universal realities associated with material properties, Universal Global Products, LLC develops and manufactures a family of boron coating solutions that are thermo-chemically diffused into a number of underlying materials that enhance their chemical and mechanical properties while maintaining the integrity of the core materials. Core materials principally include titanium and titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, aluminum alloys, ferrous metals, nickel-based alloys, transition metals, as well as cermets. The primary advantageous properties of boron coated materials are their enhanced wear, corrosion, galling, and fretting resistance with less friction. At present time, wear- resistant coatings on lightweight alloys are not widely used in military applications. The proposed advanced multifunctional boron coatings will benefit the surface material performance in complex environmental conditions, and increase operational life of military components.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ryan L. Hagelstrom
ARMY 09-040      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Carver
Abstract:Carver is a software tool used to manage, monitor, visualize and data mine information in regards to tactical ad hoc networks. Carver performs real time querying and viewing of information about all or parts of a tactical ad hoc network. Carver employs agents distributed across the tactical ad hoc network. Carver performs critical node, traffic and link analysis of ad hoc networks and does so in a manner that reduces the overhead needed to perform these tasks. Carver is designed to be platform independent and deployable on a wide range of host targets.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Jeffrey Baumes
ARMY 09-040      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Scalable and Temporal Data Analytics for Mobile ad
Abstract:Digital communications are vital to success on the modern battlefield. However, the abundance of networked resources, especially their ad hoc, dynamic character, introduces potential vulnerabilities including traffic overload and the formation of critical nodes. In order to manage these resources effectively, the warfighter must have appropriate analysis and visualization tools that can process large networks in real time. Because of the potential, extreme size of the networks this requires scalable computational solutions including multi-core processors, data parallel systems and/or GPUs. Kitware proposes to develop an open framework based on industry-standard informatics tools that have demonstrated capabilities to analyze and process large graphs such as those due to network analysis. The goal of the work is to incorporate a community of algorithms, common data structures and visualization in order to perform data mining, statistical analysis, and processing of dynamic, mobile ad hoc networks. Creating an architectural framework based on a proven quality software process will enable researchers, practitioners and commercial concerns contribute to, maintain and offer services to ensure the long-term viability of the project.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 7024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
ARMY 09-041      Awarded: 12/11/2009
Title:Scalable Programming models for Battle Command App
Abstract:Technology trends from the last decade indicate that future processing platforms will become increasingly parallel, driven by the development of multi-core chips and multi-chip processing systems. Such architectures have the potential for large speedups for many applications, but parallel programming techniques are required to exploit the parallel computational resources. However, in most industries, rewriting software to fit this new programming model is impractical. In an effort to conserve the applicability and improve the performance of legacy software, then it would be desirable to develop a technology that facilitates a distributed runtime environment for groups of concurrently running but cooperative codes that share data efficiently. Traditionally, this is done with coarse- grained synchronous I/O, where cooperating codes access files as a shared data medium. This is often inefficient, however, because a process may block on the availability of a complete file when in fact the data it needs is some subset of the file that is ready. Maxentric proposes to develop the Corevoyant Runtime system for facilitating data sharing between concurrently running software with no knowledge a priori of the sharing interface. This will enable legacy codes to run concurrently (e.g. on different cores or processors), significantly improving overall system performance.

PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3016 Covington Street
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 464-8997
Charles Lucas
ARMY 09-041      Awarded: 12/11/2009
Title:A Virtual Interface Simulation System for Battle Command Applications on Multi-Core and Cluster Architectures
Abstract:Distributed computing is used in a variety of fields and efficient data distribution among components is essential to the performance of such distributed systems. A new programming model that enables disparate software applications developed using a variety of different computer languages to share the required interface data while running concurrently on a cluster of multi-core computing nodes is becoming increasingly important. In this research, the focus is on the ability to incorporate battle command applications that are discrete-event simulations. The proposed programming model will allow for increased fidelity in simulations of complex battlefield environments by coupling multiple existing complementary applications thereby allowing them to work collaboratively in a distributed environment by sharing data on an as-needed basis without having a priori knowledge of the interfaces. This research will explore the feasibility of a software infrastructure that will satisfy the requirements of the Army’s scalable programming models for battle command applications. Prominent features of the proposed design include auto-discovery of the simulation applications by the supervisory application on a multi-core computer or a networked cluster, and the ability to auto-connect similar application data objects or suggest connections and allow users to connect application data objects at runtime.

Janya Inc.
1408 Sweet Home Road, Suite 1
Amherst, NY 14228
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 565-0401
John Chen
ARMY 09-042      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Approaches and Techniques for Specialized Characte
Abstract:The ability to rapidly spot named entities (NEs) such as persons, organizations, and locations in Arabic document image data is of strategic and tactical importance. An NE extraction system that performs this task faces numerous challenges. These include dealing with images representing both handwritten and character text, images where Arabic and Romanized scripts are mixed, and images of poor quality. Indeed, experiments on combined character recognition (CR) and NE extraction systems show that NE extraction performance degrades twice as fast as CR performance as more noise is introduced into the input images. The goal of this project is to develop a high-accuracy CR and NE extraction system whose input consists of images of Arabic text. Our approach is to perform CR and NE in a pipeline, with the CR component passing multiple best hypotheses to the NE extraction system. Joint inference over these multiple hypotheses are performed using $k$-best or approximate inference methods, improving overall system accuracy.

Polar Rain Inc
1427 Cerro Verde
San Jose, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 793-9453
Ismail Haritaoglu
ARMY 09-042      Awarded: 11/25/2009
Title:Simultaneous Detection And Recognition of Named En
Abstract:Polar Rain proposes to study, and investigate approaches to develop a new data and computational models combining image-based features with language model to extract name entities in degraded Arabic printed and handwritten documents. The proposed approach will use robust shape features and computational model that simultaneously clean and restore document images and detect named entities. The proposed data models are specifically designed taking named entities characteristics into consideration. In phase-I, we will investigate how to design such data model which contains both image and language features together for complex degraded document images. Our computational models will use generative and descriptive models to extract names from recognition results that may contain significant error or partial recognition. The proposed approach will work both in handwritten and printed Arabic scripts. We will design a flexible software architecture so that the solution can be extended to other similar languages, such as Pashto, without extensive work and allows 3rd party OCR to be integrated with the system. We will evaluate and conduct experiments to measure feasibility and superiority of proposed solution over exiting NEE solution.

Los Gatos Research
67 East Evelyn Ave. Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 965-7772
Douglas Baer
ARMY 09-043      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Compact Gas-Phase Sulfur Analyzer for JP-8 Reforme
Abstract:In this SBIR effort, Los Gatos Research proposes to utilize its patented Off-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (Off-Axis ICOS) technology to develop a compact, sensitive analyzer capable of accurately quantifying gas-phase sulfur species (H2S and COS) in a JP-8 fuel reformer unit. The instrument will rapidly (< 10 seconds) detect < 1 ppmv of these sulfur species in the hot gas stream (300 – 600 °C) with no interference from other reformer species, immediate recovery from high sulfur levels, and reproducible baseline values with no calibration (e.g. no zero drift). Moreover, the analyzer will be compact (< 1300 in3) and integrate into < 10 % of the volume of the JP-8 fuel reformer unit (~ 13824 in3). In Phase I, LGR will demonstrate technical feasibility by fabricating an Off- Axis ICOS system for H2S quantification at low concentrations and testing the system to demonstrate its accuracy, precision, linearity, zero drift, response time, and cross- interferences. Extending the technology to measure other reformer gases will also be investigated. Two gas handling strategies will be evaluated to address the high sample temperature. Finally, the Phase I results will be used to develop a Phase II prototype that integrates into the JP-8 fuel reformer unit.

NexTech Materials, Ltd.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Lewis Center, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Lora B. Thrun
ARMY 09-043      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Gas Phase Sulfur Sensor for JP-8 Fueled Auxiliary Power Generation System
Abstract:Demand for fuel-efficient and reliable electrical power is escalating within the U.S. military. Fuel cells, which provide compact, efficient and energy-dense power, could find immediate application as portable battery chargers, auxiliary power units for silent-watch missions, and primary power for unmanned vehicles. For successful implementation of fuel cells operating on JP-8 logistics fuel, sensors must be developed to continuously monitor sulfur levels in the reformed fuel stream and protect the fuel cell stack from sulfur poisoning. Hydrogen sulfide sensors are commercially available, but they operate in ambient air and at temperatures much lower than those of fuel cell applications. NexTech Materials has established a unique ceramic materials technology platform for detecting H2S concentrations at ppb levels in reducing gas streams. In this project, NexTech will adapt its H2S sensor technology to gas-phase sensing of H2S and COS in reformed JP-8 fuels. Phase I efforts will focus on optimizing and demonstrating the H2S sensor technology for monitoring reformed JP-8 fuel streams, derived from different fuel processing approaches. Promising sensor formulations will be further evaluated against key application requirements. In a Phase I Option, a sensor prototype will be designed and developed for system-level demonstration in Phase II.

CBRITE Inc
421 Pine Avenue
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 722-1129
Chan Long Shieh
ARMY 09-044      Awarded: 1/22/2010
Title:Novel flexible sensor array integrated with a Flex
Abstract:A flexible active matrix image array is of great interest for both military and commercial applications. Such bendable image arrays allow a variable focal plane which eliminates bulky optics. Such image sensor on a non-fragile polymer substrate also enables a large- size, portable X-ray imager for battle-field medical screening, for ship, airplane, bridge and building structural inspections and for security inspections. The core technologies involving such non-fragile large size imagers are image sensor pixels and driving/readout circuits to collect image information from each sensor element. In this application, we propose a flexible, high pixel count image arrays made with semiconductor polymers. Integrating such image array with a non-fragile, flexible backpanel with pixel readout circuit forms a large-size active matrix imager. Such readout electronics can be made with a-Si TFT demonstrated at ASU-FDC, or metal-oxide TFT demonstrated at CBRITE. By placing a X-ray scintillation layer in front of the sensor layer, a large-size, non-fragile X- ray imager can be constructed. By selecting a polymer sensing material with broad band width (such IR material has been demonstrated by CBRITE under a DARPA program (HARDI, BAA 06-048), an IR image can be revealed or displayed with a flexible AMEPD or AMOLED display demonstrated at ASU-FPC.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
David Schut
ARMY 09-044      Awarded: 12/28/2009
Title:Novel flexible sensor array integrated with a Flex
Abstract:A team steeped in military electro-optical systems, flexible displays, and printed inorganic electronics proposes to prototype a flexible UV through short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) detector array, fabricated from solution using a novel set of flexible, transparent doped metal oxide semiconductors. The detector arrays will be implemented on the team’s ISO- qualified roll-to-roll flexible display manufacturing line. The conductors will be patterned on a pre-strained substrate in a herringbone/wishbone pattern for maximum flexibility. An n- doped ZTO anode will be nanoembossed with high-aspect-ratio features to increase flex and provide more surface area for the 5-nm PbS nanocrystal absorbers. This will allow 100% quantum efficiency from 400 to 2100 nm and background-limited performance (BLIP). The detector is already relatively mature, and the Phase I effort will be to integrate the detector materials in p- and n-doped metal oxide flexible circuits - ranging from simple passively addressed TFT circuits to 3T and dual-state omp-amp circuits - using all- inorganic materials. The Phase I platform will be designed to integrate the existing NC detector technology into a 320 × 240-element, 4" diagonal detector array. Attention will be paid during the program to integrating commercial driver sets and DC-DC converters developed for existing bistable electrophoretic displays.

Blue Wave Semiconductors Inc.
6208 Three Apple Downs
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 706-8833
Ratnakar Vispute
ARMY 09-045      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Development of GaN Substrates for High Power and M
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes innovative solid phase epitaxial recrystallization (SPER) of III-N system for development of lowest defect density epi-ready substrate technology for GaN/AlGaN device epitaxy. Our initial results predict defect free recrystallization of III-V nitrides processed under optimum conditions indicating potential for development of low defect density (<10E3/cm2) epi-ready lattice matched AlxGa(1-x)N system with composition x ranging from x=0 to 1. Using Blue Wave’s SPER process, it is possible to fabricate a wide range of defect free AlxGa(1-x)N thin film alloys over 4” diameter sapphire and SiC substrates in spite of their large lattice mismatch with epitaxially deposited layers. The overall aim of this project is to fully establish the SPER process for the entire range of composition of AlGaN that will provide a sound basis for the development of low defect density GaN epi-ready substrates for device epitaxy of RF electronics and future high-temperature-electronics. With low dislocation density and reduced inherent strain in the single crystal template layers of the SPER epi-ready substrates, newly grown AlGaN–GaN RF devices will be expected to have significant improved performance than current devices fabricated from two step heteroepitaxy on SiC and sapphire substrates.

Kyma Technologies, Inc.
8829 Midway West Road
Raleigh, NC 27617
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 789-8880
Gregory Mulholland
ARMY 09-045      Awarded: 1/6/2010
Title:Development of GaN Substrates for High Power and M
Abstract:Kyma Technologies proposes to document and model commonly observed GaN defect structures in device performance simulations to determine the acceptable level of defects to yield a Schottky diode appropriate for typical 600 V market specifications. Bulk GaN substrates have the potential to enable unprecedented GaN Schottky diode performance – better than Si and SiC devices – yet the bulk GaN materials must first be better understood and improved. By understanding which defects must be reduced or eliminated, we can understand the primary element in the critical path towards cost- effective high-yield high-performance Schottky diode device manufacturing. To such an end, Kyma has assembled a world class team of device and materials experts. In Phase I, a significant modeling effort will take place to determine the most important defects to reduce, mitigate or eliminate totally. Phase II will include a major device effort with the ultimate goal of producing device yields over a 2” diameter round wafer of greater than 50%.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-0077
HUGH MASTERSON
ARMY 09-046      Awarded: 11/19/2009
Title:Time Multiplexed Step and Stare Ultraresolution Ca
Abstract:An ultraresolution imaging system is proposed which reduces the required number of FPAs by about an order of magnitude. The system employs a muli-channel step and stare imaging array (SSIA) which coregisters the independent channel fields onto the centre of a single FPA. The system is constructed to achieve conjoined image fields from adjacent channel lenses by providing the correct lens tip and tilt with respect to the FPA. Switching between the channels is achieved using an active liquid crystal (LC) based shutter array. A standard twisted nematic (TN) shutter array can be adopted. Alternatively, to eliminate the polarization based 50% transmission loss, an approach using active LC based polarization gratings can be employed. Achromatization of the shutters over a broad spectral band is possible in both cases. Initial ZEMAX modeling during the proposal preparation showed an image field of at least 36°x36° is possible with a single SSIA. The full ultraresolution imaging system can be assembled in a modular fashion from several SSIA units. In Phase I, the optical, FPA, and shutter related parameter space for constructing a functioning SSIA will be investigated. A lab base SSIA prototype will be constructed to demonstrate the technology.

Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Judd Sheets
ARMY 09-046      Awarded: 12/1/2009
Title:Ultra Resolution Camera for C4ISR Applications
Abstract:The Army desires an extremely high resolution camera for surveillance applications. Present solutions do not possess the required resolution and are too heavy and too expensive for deployment in a UAV and too power intensive for long term deployment in unattended long term fixed position. A novel approach is required that can minimize these factors while improving resolution to achieve 0.3 meter resolution at 15,000 foot range. The Eclipse Energy systems, Inc. (Eclipse) concept uses a single lens and focal plane array to assemble a complete image by taking multiple images of the scene in rapid succession and moving the focal plane laterally in two dimensions between exposures. Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc. will reduce the weight and size of this system by changing the method used to achieve an uninterrupted image. While making a single continuous sensor, whether through a single or multiple sensor device, remains a worthy goal, simply rearranging the method used to fill in the gaps can bring large size and weight improvements.

Laser Operations, LLC
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 986-0000
Jeffrey Ungar
ARMY 09-047      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Eye-safe fiber-coupled laser pumps for high power
Abstract:Pump diode modules operating at 15xx nm for eye-safe fiber lasers with extremely high spatial and spectral brightness and good efficiency are proposed. Key elements include arrays of high power single-mode single-frequency diodes and efficient thermal management techniques.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Paul Leisher
ARMY 09-047      Awarded: 12/17/2009
Title:Eye-safe fiber-coupled laser pumps for high power
Abstract:Erbium-doped solid state and fiber lasers provide an attractive source at eyesafe wavelengths, and the potential for ultra-low quantum defect pumping by diode lasers operating around 1532-nm. Unfortunately, these systems, to date, have been limited by the spatial brightness of the diode pumps. Under the proposed Phase 1 program, nLight will design, fabricate, test, and deliver to the Army (or a recipient of their choosing) a >30W (rated) compact, conductively-cooled diode laser pump module, coupled to a 100 ľm core, 0.15 NA fiber. The module is based on nLight’s Pearl platform, which has recently been leveraged to deliver record brightness in the 9xx-nm wavelength regime. This proposal seeks to extend the technique to the eyesafe wavelengths. The unit will emit at 1532.2 nm with a predicted electrical-to-optical efficiency (measured at the fiber output) of 27%. As an option to the program, nLight will design and deliver to the Army (or a recipient of their choosing) a similar-performing unit which is wavelength locked (spectral width < 0.5nm FWHM) by means of a volumetric Bragg grating. The module will include an integrated heater on the grating element to allow wavelength tunability in the range of +/- 0.2 nm.

Applied Signals Intelligence
719 Upham Pl. NW
Vienna, VA 22180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 210-4909
Timothy Miller
ARMY 09-048      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Controlled Bandwidth Transmission Systems for Ultra-Wideband Radars
Abstract:The problem is that current high resolution penetrating RF sensors are incapable of reliably detecting obscured/buried threats to human life, and both military and civilians are dying as a result. Moreover, the high costs and productivity losses caused by destructive testing make this topic of extremely high importance. This SBIR addresses the key element that drives the performance – the waveform, its generator, and the algorithms that compress it. ASI proposes an innovative solution with high technical merit as it (1) mitigates range ambiguities; (2) minimizes sidelobes for a given resolution, (3) minimizes the power consumption, (4) minimizes harmful interference to other radio systems; (5) minimizes the radiated power required to achieve a given SNR; (6) maximizes the dynamic range; (7) suffers the least SNR loss with motion, (8) is ultra stable so as to allow high performance coherent change detection over day/week time frames; (9) provides a user programmable spectrum (a) to spectrally notch frequency bands to avoid interference within any particular theater of operation and (b) to match different missions (e.g. imaging people through a wall versus detecting a weapons cache buried 3 ft underground), and (10) offers new compression algorithms that offer low sidelobes, even with spectral notches.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 1730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth A. Falcone
ARMY 09-048      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:A Self Calibrating Ultra-Wideband Pulse Notching T
Abstract:The Army is looking to develop and demonstrate a low-power, ultra-wideband (UWB) transmitter whose spectral content can be tailored to fit within certain limits, and avoid specific frequency bands. What is needed is a transmitter that can generate a waveform supporting 0.4 to 2.4 GHz with multiple programmed nulls in a pulse no longer than 50nS, along with an algorithm to compress the target return signal into an impulse. The average output power should support 5 mW, with -20 dBm/MHz. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by combining our capabilities in UWB notching filters and cancellers with our wideband digital waveform generator. Specifically, we intend to modify our digital waveform generator to support notching a 50 nS pulse having a 2.5 GHz bandwidth. The proposed self calibrating hardware design is based on our existing DSP board, and is targeted at a production cost of $2500 each in volume.

Sierra Lobo, Inc.
426 Croghan Street
Fremont, OH 43420
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 499-9653
Philip Putman
ARMY 09-049      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:High-G Magnetic Capture System
Abstract:High-g testing through controlled deceleration has proven to be a key to the successful development of electronics that must survive gun launch. A magnetic method of deceleration has been widely implemented in a related commercial application (amusement park rides), because magnetic braking has the advantages of simplicity, low-maintenance costs, high-repetition rates, and predictable performance. An advanced version of this technology can meet the higher deceleration needs of the Army Research Laboratory’s component testing program. This technology also improves the fidelity of the tests by allowing a deceleration profile to be programmed. Sierra Lobo, Inc. (Sierra Lobo) proposes to design, fabricate, and test a prototype High-G Magnetic Capture System (HGMCS) in Phase I. The simplicity of the configuration, the amenability of electromechanical systems in general to accurate performance prediction, and the availability of components for the system make it possible to fabricate and begin testing a full-scale prototype. During testing, emphasis will be placed on developing operating procedures and making design refinements that minimize both operating costs and the time that personnel must spend preparing for high-g simulations. Testing will continue during Phase II. If necessary, additional prototypes will be fabricated incorporating the lessons learned during testing.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6061
Scott Garner
ARMY 09-050      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:High Velocity Particle Consolidation Utilizing Liq
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project will develop an innovative High Velocity Particle Consolidation system using liquid particle acceleration mechanisms for Cold Spray applications. Conventional Cold Spray uses high pressure process gas to accelerate particles to a critical velocity, so that upon impact with a substrate, the particles plastically deform and create a coating. Abrasive Water Jet (AWJ) cutting uses high pressure water to accelerate abrasive particles to velocities in excess of 1000 m/s to remove material. Combining the advantages of conventional Cold Spray deposition with the more simplistic, yet effective AWJ cutting technology will result in a novel Liquid Cold Spray deposition method. Liquid Cold Spray will be able to obtain the critical velocity much more effectively by using a denser carrying fluid. The denser fluid will also allow powders to be supplied via Venturi Effect, eliminating the need for costly powder feeder arrangements used in traditional Cold Spray. Reaching the critical velocity more efficiently and simplifying system design will result in a more cost effective deposition system. By using a denser fluid accelerant, powders which lie outside of the conventional Cold Spray regime may be deposited, thereby producing a new class of materials and coatings.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Auburn, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom
ARMY 09-050      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:High Pressure Liquid Accelerated Cold Spray
Abstract:This proposal introduces a novel Direct Manufacturing process for making high performance components and coatings. This process has the potential to overcome many of the limitations of current technology and may make it possible to manufacture production quantity and quality parts directly from powder, minimizing material waste, reducing overall manufacturing costs and dramatically reducing lead time for new and replacement components. This new process is a modification of the emerging gas dynamic cold spray technology where the currently used gas is replaced by a high velocity liquid to accelerate the powders. Because it is approximately 1,000 times denser than gas, the liquid is much more effective at accelerating particles. Commercially available high pressure liquid pumps can drive the particles at speeds up to 1,000 m/s, well above the critical velocity required for adhesion for many coating applications. This project will consist of a series of parameter studies to determine effective operating conditions and nozzle designs.

American Engineering & Manufacturing
4622 French Creek Road
Sheffield, OH 44054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 846-5718
John Lawmon
ARMY 09-051      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Innovative manufacturing research on forming of la
Abstract:Based on the successful demonstration of induction heating and near net shape forming of titanium alloys, the concept is to be extended to other armor materials. The success of the process derives from the ability to heat a narrow band of material to a point at which its formability increases without metallurgical damage. Standard metallurgical processes and the GleebleTM Thermo Mechanical Simulator will be used to characterize and validate the induction heating concept for other armor alloys by: developing high temperature material properties; and straining material at high temperature for subsequent room temperature evaluation. These results will be compared with those from representative welds to ensure a balanced process comparison. The proposed Phase 1 option will consider new coil designs and how the effects of variable thermal emissivity can be resolved for closed loop temperature control. The developed technology is expected to be of benefit to both the DoD and commercial sector who will both be able to reduce manufacturing costs and work in progress, while providing an alternate to skill sensitive welding. The development of the GleebleTM technology will be of particular interest to the energy sector.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
John Cogar
ARMY 09-051      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Innovative manufacturing research on forming of la
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer the following response to this topic, ARMY 09-051 Innovative manufacturing research on forming of large light armor alloy sections resistant to blast and penetration. Corvid is offering to partner with the non-profit research institution Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC). We will investigate specialty welding techniques developed at CTC to determine applicability in forming armor plating. Further we will utilize high fidelity modeling and simulation to determine the armor’s effectiveness against penetration and blast before testing is required.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr
Stow, MA 01775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 298-5365
Arnis mangolds
ARMY 09-052      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Novel Variable Explosive Yield Concept
Abstract:The C-2I, Inc Tailorable Effects Munition (TEM) is a new application detcord arrays that offers multi-mode yields previously unachievable with bulk explosives. By taking advantage of the flight geometry grid design flexibility and initiation points, the same munition can act as a bulk explosive, a distributed explosive or by using colliding shock front loops a pattern of enhanced shock waves. The potential to go beyond merely dual mode is apparent by observation of the changing geometric shape and if proven the TEM design will offer the war-fighter an entirely new capability with asymmetric affects that can be matched to nearly any target type.

Energetic Materials & Products, Inc.
1413 Brandi Lane
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 380-1992
Dennis Wilson
ARMY 09-052      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Novel Variable Explosive Yield Concept
Abstract:This proposal describes two technical objectives and a detailed work plan to demonstrate the capability to provide both variable blast and selectable fragmentation from a single ordnance package. The first technical objective is to develop and test a warhead that will provide moderate blast with very low collateral damage through no fragment dispersion. The second technical objective is develop and test, using the same configuration but different initiation methods, a warhead that will provide enhanced blast and maximum fragment dispersion leading to unrestricted collateral damage. This proposal leverages recent advances in developing a novel class of high-energy-density, modified explosives called Aluminum Perfluoropolyether Explosives (APEX) developed by EMPI, that are candidates for selectable effects munitions. The APEX material is to be used together with a conventional explosive (HE) to provide this unique functionality. The optimum HE/APEX mass ratio and warhead configuration will be determined during Phase I analysis and testing. During the Option period, a test article more closely resembling an ordnance package will be designed and demonstrated based on the performance optimization efforts in Phase I.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
George Hansen
ARMY 09-053      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Disruptive fibers and textiles for flexible protec
Abstract:Development of ballistic grade fiber beyond aramid has not sufficiently evolved to achieve the performance requirements necessary for future personnel protection needs. New polymer fibers such as Zylon and M5 have shown promise, but long-term aging and difficulties in manufacturing respectively have hindered their realization. Researchers in this area have long known that incorporation of hydrogen bonding species along the polymer backbone could increase cohesive energy density and hence fiber mechanical properties. TRI/Austin proposes the development of a new organic fiber chemistry that will provide a high level of hydrogen bonding and crystallinity, cohesive energy density, and mechanical properties. The proposed fiber material, having bi-dentate hydrogen bonding, will exhibit properties superior to the aramids, which only have monodentate hydrogen bonds. The manufacturing process is expected to be significantly more cost effective than currently available high performance fibers. Based on the numerous monomers available for this proposed polymer technology, the long-term result is conceivably an entire family of related high strength polymer products. During Phase I TRI/Austin will model the effects of variations in monomer compositions on final polymer properties. These results will be used to downselect one polymer for fabrication of fiber for determination of mechanical properties.

Vorbeck Materials Corp.
8306 Patuxent Range Road Unit 105
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 497-9000
John Lettow
ARMY 09-053      Awarded: 3/2/2010
Title:Disruptive fibers and textiles for flexible protection
Abstract:Disruptive fibers for flexible armor and related applications require high modulus, tenacity, and thermal/environmental stability. In organic fibers, high stiffness arises from high molecular orientation, often coupled with high crystallinity within the polymer chains. On the other hand, the strength and modulus of composite fibers reinforced with fillers are mainly due to the load carrying capacity of the filler through load transfer at the interface. Nanoparticle fillers can reinforce the polymer matrix and can also modify the crystallization of the polymer matrix by changing the morphology of the crystalline phase and/or by increasing the crystallization rate. Combined with high strength nanofillers, new processes and materials may provide routes for optimizing the conventional processing of low-cost commodity polymers, as alternatives to expensive polymers.

Correlated Solutions, Inc.
120 Kaminer Way Pkwy. Suite A
Columbia, SC 29210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 926-7272
Hubert Schreier
ARMY 09-054      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Full Field, Out-of-Plane Digital Image Correlation (DIC) from Ultra-High Speed Digital Cameras
Abstract:The availability of ultra-high speed imaging equipment capable of frame rates up to 1 GHz has opened the potential for measurement of full-field three-dimensional deformation data during highly dynamic events by employing the digital image correlation method. However, due to the characteristics of ultra-high speed cameras as well as experimental conditions during ballistic events, the application of digital image correlation is not straightforward. We propose to develop novel image correlation algorithms and data pre- and post- processing technologies that address these issues and utilize the image data from ultra- high speed sensors to its optimal potential. Furthermore, we propose to develop an improved ultra-high speed image sensor that can provide greatly reduced bias in practical applications as well as enhanced light sensitivity. These developments will ultimately result in a full-field deformation measurement system capable of acquiring data at rates of 1 GHz with an accuracy comparable to current quasi-static stereo image correlation systems.

Hysitron Incorporated
10025 Valley View Road
Minneapolis, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 835-6366
S.A. Syed Asif
ARMY 09-055      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Versatile Micro/Nano-mechanical Load Frame For In
Abstract:In situ TEM based nano mechanical testing has been a powerful tool for directly correlating the mechanical response with the underlying physical mechanism and microstructure evolution when materials are subjected to a stress. However, geometrical restriction of the specimen thickness for electron transparency poses limitations with respect to the length scale and the choice of materials which can be tested. Applying in- situ mechanical testing to other high resolution microscopy techniques such as SEM, AFM and Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) opens up the possibility of testing a wider range of materials particularly soft polymers and biomaterials at the nanometer to micrometer length scale. Combining this real-time in-situ mechanical testing with Digital Image Correlation (DIC), for mapping the local strain, will revolutionize our understanding of deformation mechanics of materials. This project will develop a new quantitative in-situ micro/nano mechanical test instrument with interchangeable transducers which can be integrated into many microscopy systems (SEM, AFM, LSCM) yielding quantitative load- displacement data concomitant with real time images of the microstructural behavior. The images obtained can be analyzed using DIC for local strain mapping. In Phase I we will design the transducers, three axis positioner, modular frame, specimen holders, control hardware and software. The feasibility of the design will be studied using 3D CAD models and Finite Element Simulation. The fully-integrated system will built and tested in Phase II.

Psylotech LLC
820 Davis Street Suite 120
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 859-7200
Alex Arzoumanidis
ARMY 09-055      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Versatile Micro/Nano-mechanical Load Frame For In
Abstract:Bio-inspired polymer micro and nano composites motivate next generation armor materials. Predictive multi-scale models require small scale test equipment. The proposed microscale Universal Testing Machine (mUTS) aims at filling the void in commercial micro and nanoscale materials testing instrumentation. The methods and hardware proposed enable concurrent high resolution imaging of specimens by optical, atomic force or scanning electron microscopy. Applying Digital Image Correlation to captured images offers full-field strains in heterogeneous and nanostructured polymeric and biological materials, capturing the effects of local anisotropy. The modular nature of this mUTS allows for force measurements from nN to hundreds of Newtons. The mUTS facilitates creep and stress relaxation experiments with micro and nanoscale specimens, and tests at time scales of milliseconds to hours. These capabilities are essential for the characterization of viscoelastic/viscoplastic materials where time is integral in their constitutive behavior. Several considerations in the design of this apparatus aim at removing measurement artifacts and environmental effects, while a variety of specimen fixtures permits different stress/strain profiles in the tested materials. This proposal benefits from the synergy between an Academic expert with long experience in micro and nanoscale experimentation and Psylotech’s expertise in novel force sensors and viscoelastic materials testing.

Discovery Semiconductors, Inc.
119 Silvia Street
Ewing, NJ 08628
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 434-1311
Abhay M Joshi
ARMY 09-056      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Ultra-fast Photonics-enabled RF Arbitrary Waveform Generation Utilizing Highly Linear, High Power Photodiodes
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate a photonic radio-frequency (RF) arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) having (1) 3 dB bandwidth = 10 GHz, (2) time aperture > 2 ns (time- bandwidth product > 20), and (3) maximum RF output amplitude > 3 V. This performance will be facilitated by our proposed highly linear, high-power 10 GHz bandwidth photodiodes which will deliver > 3 V peak RF amplitude, thereby enabling a 6-fold improvement over the state-of-the-art in photonic AWGs. Additionally, the photodiode will provide high amplitude linearity (> 50 dBm OIP3) and high phase linearity (< 2 rad/W power-to-phase conversion factor) in order to maximize the dynamic range as well as to reduce the timing jitter of photonic AWGs. Our photodiodes’ inherently low polarization dependent loss (< 0.1 dB) combined with the proposed modifications in the photonic AWG architecture will lead to a stable operation for > 1 hour without any polarization adjustments. During the Phase I Option period, the 3 dB bandwidth of the proposed photodiode and the photonic AWG will be extended to 20 GHz, while maintaining the other specifications.

S2 Corporation
2310 University Way Building 4-1
Bozeman, MT 59715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 922-0334
Peter Sellin
ARMY 09-056      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Photonics-enabled Radio-Frequency Arbitrary Waveform Generation
Abstract:We propose to analyze and design prototype hardware, and demonstrate basic capabilities in a Phase I effort, based on coherent accumulation and interference of spectrally shaped waveforms to achieve wideband RF arbitrary waveform generation. The combined specifications include bandwidths of 10-40 GHz, time bandwidth products >>50 given the bandwidth and long time apertures with complete control of phase and amplitude of the signals, with bipolar waveform generation. The technology enables agile waveform generation for communications, sensor, radar and surveillance applications.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
ARMY 09-056      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Photonics-enabled Radio-Frequency Arbitrary Waveform Generation
Abstract:There is increasing need for arbitrary RF waveforms with very wide instantaneous bandwidths for defense and commercial applications. Standard electronic approaches have limited bandwidth and are sensitive to electromagnetic interference. Photonic approaches are believed to be the solution because light is wideband and non-dispersive in RF. Fourier transform pulse shaping (FPS) and Direct Space-to-time pulse shaping (DST) are two main techniques to generate RF arbitrary waveforms. However, FPS requires massive numerical computations in order to find the Fourier components of the wanted RF waveform. DST is simple in controlling the waveforms but it cannot produce very large time-bandwidth product waveforms. SA Photonics is pleased to propose a program to develop a high performance Photonic programmable Arbitrary RF Waveform generation System (PAWS). The PAWS is a compact and robust fiber optics system capable of producing bipolar, large time-bandwidth product and repetitive RF pulses with programmable pulse envelopes. It combines the advantages of FPS and DST but does not have their pitfalls. It contains a DST pulse shaper, waveform time stretcher, waveform bandwidth extender and bipolar waveform generation.

MOXtronics, Inc.
1309 Elsdon Ct.
Columbia, MO 65203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 882-3174
Yungryel Ryu
ARMY 09-057      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Ultraviolet photodetectors based on wide-bandgap o
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will fabricate solar-blind UV detectors (SBDs) using BeZnO, a new wide bandgap semiconductor material developed by the proposing company, MOXtronics, Inc. These SBDs would be very sensitive and efficient for detection of UV radiation in the spectral range 265 - 280 nm. Their response time would be in the range 100 ns ~ 1 ƒÝsec, and the peak ratio of the responsivity in the spectral region below 280 nm to that in the visible will be „d 5 orders of magnitude. Fabrication of the proposed SBDs will be based on success in synthesis of new BeZnO alloys and formation of ohmic contacts to BeZnO.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Hyesog (Joe) Lee
ARMY 09-057      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:High Responsivity Solar Blind Detector Based On Zn
Abstract:Several Army applications that utilize ultra violet light emitting diodes (UV LEDs) require high responsivity solar blind detectors (SBDs) what will replace currently used PMTs. On-going development efforts in each of SiC and GaN based APDs have not yet met the performance requirements Tanner Research is proposing to leverage recent developments in ZnO UV photodetectors to build a high responsivity SBD with sufficiently low dark current noise. We will use proven concepts and take full advantage of our prior knowledge and experiences in recent experimental demonstration of a high gain ZnO UV detector. In Phase I, we will provide key design parameters in building the final device.

Cermet, Inc.
1019 Collier Road Suite C1
Atlanta, GA 30318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 351-0005
Jeff Nause
ARMY 09-058      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:ZnO alloy based LEDs and laser diodes
Abstract:Cermet proposes to demonstrate MgZnCdO based light emitting diodes on native substrates. This will be accomplished by focusing on three technical areas. First, Cermet will increase its existing p-type ZnO capability to greater than 1e18 holes per cm^3. Second, Cermet will refine alloy growth across the quaternary system to address a wide emission wavelength range. Finally, Cermet will develop light emitting diodes at specific wavelengths.

ZN Technology, Inc.
910 Columbia Street
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 989-8880
Jizhi Zhang
ARMY 09-058      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Zn(Mg,Cd)O Heterostructure Light Emitters
Abstract:Recent developments in p-type doping of ZnO, a wide gap semiconductor with high potential for efficient, UV and visible LEDs and laser diodes, have enabled successful fabrication of ZnO LEDs with emission in the near UV. However, issues of p-type layer quality, reproducibility, and stability have hindered process in improving the LED''s efficiency. In this project, p-type doping processes will be developed that will enable efficiency increases to usable and commercial levels. ZnO-based heterostructures will be developed that will further add to the efficiency improvement and permit tunability over a wide range of the UV, from UVA to UVC, along with the visible range. Bulk ZnO substrates will be enhanced with the addition of Mg to reduce defect levels in the LEDs, improving both their efficiency and lifetime.

Gencia Corporation
706 B Forest Street
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 295-4800
Shaharyar M. Khan
ARMY 09-059      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:The Energetics of Cognitive Performmance: Regulation of Neuronal Adenosine Triphosphate Production
Abstract:Mitochondria are the power houses of the cell and, as such, regulate many physiological parameters such as power, endurance and cognition. Increasing mitochondrial performance would increase these parameters. To date, approaches to increasing mitochondrial function are limited. Most approaches involve increasing the concentration of metabolites necessary for proper mitochondrial function, such as creatine. We have developed a recombinant protein, (rhTFAM or recombinant human Transcription Factor A Mitochondrial) based on the mitochondrial transcription factor, that rapidly and robustly increases mitochondrial function in living animals including endurance and motor coordination by over two fold in three weeks. Brain, heart and muscle mitochondrial activity and ATP are increased significantly (ranging over 35-300%). RhTFAM is safe even after monthly dosing over a 10 month period in mice and reduces oxidative stress. We are applying for Army funding to test effects of rhTFAM on physical and cognitive performance in mice in SBIR Phase I studies with the intent to accelerate the clinical development of rhTFAM as a mitochondrial therapeutic capable of optimizing ATP production in Phase II studies.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 483-4234
Zhiguo Zhou
ARMY 09-059      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Fullerene Nanomedicine to Enhance Neuronal Adenosine Triphosphate Production Capacity
Abstract:Cognitive performances are significantly reduced for older soldiers, due to the reduced production of the primary energy molecule of the body - adenosine triphosphate. The aging-dependent mitochondrial insufficiency is thought to play a dominating role. The development of a therapeutic drug which can enhance ATP production and improve energetic capability is crucial to maintain soldiers’ performance and extend their duty-time. The current attempts to counter mitochondrial insufficiency include frequent exercise and antioxidants, but the effects are very limited. Luna Innovations proposes to use nanomedicine technology to develop prototype compounds with stimulatory effects on neuronal ATP production. Luna has developed an extensive portfolio of fullerene nanosphere compounds which showed promises in treating aging-related diseases. Fullerene nanospheres are thought to scavenge the toxic free radicals generated in mitochondria, enhance the electron transport capacity in oxidative phosphorylation, and build a greater potential gradient across the inner membrane, efficiently driving ATP Synthase. In Phase I, Luna will develop and validate a high throughput screening assay based on the ATP-requiring luciferin-luciferase bioluminescence, and test nanosphere compounds to build a structure-activity relationship for designing and testing more compounds in Phase II.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Larry Dunst
ARMY 09-060      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Virtual RF Environment
Abstract:We plan to develop a Virtual Radio Frequency (RF) Environment for testing Command, Control, Communications (C3) systems. Testing the large tactical C3 systems requires fielding hundreds of nodes and providing thousands of signals/messages to meet the operational requirements. This is very expensive and often the large numbers of systems are not available. Our Virtual RF Environment (VRE) would allow a few representative C3 systems to be immersed in an environment of hundreds of virtual emitters and exercised through various scenarios of operation. This virtual environment will interact with real radios/communications systems to stress them as they would be in the real world. Thus, the VRE will permit Hardware-in-the-loop and Software-in-the-loop testing.

Echo Ridge, LLC
11127 Elmview Place
Great Falls, VA 22066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 437-0404
John Carlson
ARMY 09-060      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Virtual RF Environment
Abstract:Echo Ridge and partner Comsearch, propose to develop a system design for a practical, realistic and verifiable Virtual RF Environment (VRE), including simulation and prototyping of key technical facets to reduce risk. Our vision for the end state of the research is the availability of a productized VRE platform configured from COTS components, useful for lab-based developmental testing of military C3 and commercial wireless devices in a user- defined, field emulation environment. The platform will also support research-oriented testing for emerging RF technologies such as cognitive radios and advanced MIMO antennas. A key research contribution is the development of high fidelity and practical System-Under-Test to VRE interfaces. Our technical approach is to emulate a realistic RF environment in the digital domain which allows for the most flexible and realistic environment, and takes full advantage of many emerging technologies. Some innovative features of our design include: partition of real time and non-real time processing to reduce hardware platform cost and complexity, support “replay” of testing, support use of “captured RF environments” in testing, efficient implementation of RF sub-banding, means to model a wide range of antenna types including MIMO antenna systems, and means to test systems with DF/geolocation capabilities.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gordon Drew
ARMY 09-061      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Miniature Encrypted Random Addressing Holographic Memory Cube Data Storage System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for compact, robust, real-time, high-capacity holographic data storage (HDS) for test instrumentation, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Miniature Encrypted Random Addressing Holographic Memory Cube Data Storage (MERAH) system. This proposed system is based on novel use of tunable laser diode array for recording/readout to achieve fast recording and readout speed and random addressing with virtually unbreakable encryption, an optical phase-conjugate design for system ruggedness and compactness, and multiple-page read/write technology to achieve ultra-high storage capacity (> 8 terabytes) and data transfer rate (> 2 Gbits/s). The MERAH system is a ruggedized stand-alone unit operating on 12/24 VDC power with size of < 20 cubic inches and power consumption < 20 watts. It offers standard interfaces to existing instrumentation through IEEE 1394 (Firewire) and Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) II connections and is capable of storing classified information. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MERAH by investigating the system design by computer modeling, and fabricating and testing a breadboard prototype in a simulated corrosive environment. In Phase II, an advanced, miniaturized MERAH engineering prototype will be assembled and tested both at POC and at an Army facility.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
ARMY 09-061      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Compact, Robust, Real Time, High Capacity Data Storage for test Instrumentation
Abstract:Based on our success in developing several world’s first femtosecond fiber laser systems and our leading technology development in holographic storage, PolarOnyx and Stanford University proposes, for the first time, a fs fiber laser system based HMC system to meet with the requirement of the solicitation ARMY 09-061. The fiber laser HMC system is superior in terms of flexibility, size, and cost. Experiment will be carried out in phase I to evaluate the feasibility. A prototype will be given in Phase II.

Shared Spectrum Company
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 110
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 462-6943
Mark McHenry
ARMY 09-062      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Causality & Prediction of Radio Frequency Encroachment on Test & Training Ranges
Abstract:The goal of this project is to build a software tool to predict of man-made signals and RF noise levels at large distance (km’s) from the sources to enable management of the RF environment at DoD test ranges. These test ranges have a low level of man-made noise, which is critical for the testing for various DoD SIGNIT, communications and jamming systems. As urban development increases in the areas surround the test ranges, the level of man-made signals increases in a complex and hard to predict manner. If a tool existed to estimate the increase of the RF noise within the DoD range, then DoD could work with local policy makers or with the developers to either limit the growth or to impose restrictions on the equipment located near the range. The project leverages existing dynamic spectrum sensing and access technology developed under DARPA XG program, existing urban spectrum measurement tools deployed for the National Science Foundation and current works in wireless microphone detection for TV white space applications.

AshRem Technologies
500 E. Santa Anita Ave. #C
Burbank, CA 91501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 845-5820
Ashitosh Swarup
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Chaos-Based Satellite Digital Communication System
Abstract:This proposal presents a methodology to develop a next-generation digital communication system that uses chaotic signals. The use of chaotic signals in digital communication systems offers several advantages. First, the noise-like properties of chaotic signals, both in their time- and frequency-domain representations, prevent them from being easily detected, giving greater immunity from eavesdropping and interception compared to spread-spectrum communication systems that use binary spreading sequences. Second, an infinite number of chaotic spreading waveforms can be generated, each with strong autocorrelation properties and weak cross-correlation properties; hence, a theoretically infinite number of users can be supported on a particular band, with minimum interference from other channels. Third, chaotic signals possess the salient features of broadband communication systems such as multipath mitigation and resistance to jamming. The proposed Phase I effort aims to analyze the feasibility of using chaotic signals in satellite digital communication systems through a software simulation approach. Three modulation/demodulation schemes will be programmed in MATLAB. Their performance will be evaluated under different criteria such as signal-to-noise ratio and the presence of jamming. These systems allow a straightforward hardware implementation for commercialization purposes; the hardware design steps are outlined as part of the proposed Phase I Option effort.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Chaotic Modulation for Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Communications Systems
Abstract:Chaotic communication has attracted much interest due to its potential for secure communications and its potential for high data rates. In this proposal, GIRD Systems proposes to perform a feasibility study to evaluate, develop, and finally implement (in Phase II) some promising chaotic modulation approaches for SATCOM channels.

Terry Consultants Inc
1415 N. Taft Street Suite 285
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 349-5641
John Terry
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Chaotic Modulation for Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Communications Systems
Abstract:Chaotic modulation techniques represent a new paradigm for communication systems. Unlike conventional sequences, chaotic spreading codes can be generated for any number of users and allocated bandwidth. The development of a chaotic modulator and demodulator for SATCOM communication systems will allow the Warfighter with the capability of increased Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) bandwidth as well as a greatly reduced chance of unfriendly signal detection and interception. TCI''s vision of the end state of this research is twofold: 1) a drop in, militarized satellite modem product which adapts existing links to use chaotic modulation, and 2) a turn-key design and simulation capability to enable the quick and efficient introduction of this technology in new, custom, and retrofit designs. In both cases, TCI and its collaborators will introduce cognitive radio and software defined radio techniques to ensure that the best modulation technique and parameters are chosen at run time for a given link.

Torrey Pines Technologies Group, Inc.
12225 World Trade Drive, Suite P
San Diego, CA 92128
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 676-0749
Phil Biggs
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Chaotic Modulation for Satellite Communications (S
Abstract:A new approach to satellite communications (SATCOM) can be realized by use of chaotic modulation methods. Covert SATCOM signals are a growing area of interest. Low probability of detection and interception (LPI/LPD) are becoming critically important for SATCOM operation in unfriendly territory. New research has identified chaotic modulation techniques as having great promise to reduce transmit spectral energy while adding to the data security of the link. One of the ways to improve LPI/LPD is to use chaotically timed pulse sequences. Called Chaotic Pulse Position Modulation (CPPM), each pulse has an identical shape but the time delay between them varies chaotically. Because information in contained entirely in the timing between pulses, the distortions that affect the pulse shape will not significantly influence the ability of the chaotic pulse generators to synchronize. Therefore, chaotic synchronization can be achieved using realistic channels and at the same time bandpass filters can be used for noise reduction. Variations on CPPM are described: using CDMA applied to the pulses, chaotic amplitude decision boundaries, rate adaption techniques, and a variation on Paired Carrier Multiple Access (PCMA). Together these techniques promise to increase bandwidth, increase security, and increase the covert appearance of SATCOM signals.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-0077
JAY STOCKLEY
ARMY 09-065      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Air to Ground Free Space Optical Communication Lin
Abstract:Boulder Nonlinear Systems proposes to use its beam control system expertise to examine the feasibility of developing a free space optical terminal for air to ground optical communication. The proposed technology will emphasize size, weight and power constraints to improve the probability of eventual deployment on platforms with low payload capabilities. During Phase I, BNS will perform a component and subsystem assessment, define a systems architecture, and demonstrate component and subsystem capabilities. A design for the free space optical communications system will be included as part of the final report.

SA Photonics
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
ARMY 09-065      Awarded: 1/28/2010
Title:Free Space Optical Connections for Airborne On-the-Move Nodes at High Data Rates Over Extended Distances
Abstract:UAVs offer a low cost, highly capable aerial platform that can be used without risk to aircrews. The value of the RQ-4 Global Hawk and the MQ-1C Warrior in Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the war in Afghanistan, has been well publicized. New, high resolution sensor payloads and an overall increase in network connectivity demand is generating more required bandwidth than existing RF/Microwave links can deliver to UAV missions. Free Space Optical communications (FSO) offer unprecedented bandwidth, but must overcome unique challenges associated with atmospheric channel fading and require precise beam steering to illuminate far-end apertures with their very narrow beams. SA Photonics has developed “Raptor”, its comprehensive solution to ultra-high bandwidth On-the-Move FSO communications. Raptor provides up to 10Gbps of scalable bandwidth, with unprecedented immunity to atmospheric interference. By combining advanced modulation technology to reduce power by 5X, with our AccuPoint and BeamDirector beam steering systems which reduce size by 5X, Raptor delivers significant cost, size, weight and power advantages over other approaches. SA Photonics Raptor systems, when deployed, will enable ultra-high bandwidth UAV missions, and will not be burdened by the frequency regulations and bandwidth congestion currently experienced with RF/Microwave links.

Syntonics LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-0500
Steve Gemeny
ARMY 09-066      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:Distributed Satellite Communications (SATCOM) On-t
Abstract:We will demonstrate the feasibility of a multi-band distributed SOTM (D-SOTM) antenna system based on the Team’s pixel-addressable reconfigurable conformal antenna (PARCA) Software-Defined Antenna™ technology. PARCA is a phased array technology that operates under software control to be pointing-agile, frequency-agile, polarization- agile, low profile, and affordable in production. PARCA tiles, notionally 4-in squares approximately 3/4-in thick in this concept, are distributed onto available vehicle surfaces such that many tiles have a field of view in all azimuths and elevations. While antenna gain is frequency dependent, gains of +34 dBic at 20 GHz up to +40 dBic at 44 GHz are practical for PARCA apertures with a projected area of approximately 144-in^2 (that is, nine 4-in square tiles) in the direction of the satellite. In one concept, all analog signal processing (e.g., up/down frequency conversion, I/Q modulation/demodulation, amplification) is contained in each tile; the signal connection to/from each tile from the central processing unit is digital, probably using optical fiber to mitigate EMI/EMC issues and reduce weight.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Ryan N. Strader
ARMY 09-066      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Distributed Satellite Communications (SATCOM) On-t
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop an electrically reconfigurable SATCOM On-the-Move (OTM) distributed-aperture communications system for use over the DoD Wideband Global System at X- and K/Ka-bands. The system will incorporate: 1) Toyon’s Electrically Reconfigurable Endfire Planar Phased Array antenna design (recently validated under Army CECOM SBIR II contract no: W15P7T-06-C-P248), and 2) Toyon’s Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) DSP-based signal distribution and combining architecture. Toyon’s unique reconfigurable antenna technology allows the beam from each aperture to be steered down to 70-degrees off boresight, a significant improvement over traditional flat panel arrays. Toyon’s proposed design is scalable in both element count and frequency, and is less than 3” high. Each antenna system will contain several apertures, coordinated by a central node using Toyon’s MIMO signal distribution and combining architecture. The system will adjust for hard- and soft-blockage challenges, differences in the physical mounting planes between apertures, and signal losses due to fading. All beam steering will be performed electrically without the use of mechanical steering, and the required beam-steering controllers will use a GPS-linked Inertial Navigation Unit (INU).

Invertix Corporation
8201 Greensboro Drive Suite 800
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 813-2160
Dan Law
ARMY 09-067      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Content Dependent Bandwidth Enhancement
Abstract:We propose an analog transmission of a speech cepstrum for the dual purposes of bandwidth reduction and improvements in speech quality under extremely challenging channel environments. By utilizing the speech cepstrum, we exploit a well-studied and widely-used sparse representation of speech. The novelty in the method is that we propose to “spread” the waveform defined by the first few cepstral coefficients over the speech frame length, i.e. time-domain spreading. This spread cepstrum approach reduces the bandwidth and may offer robustness to noise for low-power applications.

Perceptral LLC
1436 Monroe Ave
Racine, WI 53405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 259-9665
Jonathan Pearl
ARMY 09-067      Awarded: 2/17/2010
Title:User Control for Content Reconstruction in Speech Compression
Abstract:This Army SBIR Phase I effort is intended to examine and document the feasibility of expanding a novel proprietary technique of lossy speech compression that allows reconstruction of a perceptually equivalent signal through the extraction of salient bits of data. This expansion is meant to provide user-input at the stage of extraction from an uncompressed signal. Essentially, this would permit a user to adjust the means for defining the template for reconstruction. We envision four related adjustments, which could be viewed like dials on an old-fashioned ham radio, implemented in this case as software-based controls. Combined, these adjustments would allow an end-user sufficient control over the variables involved to permit reconstructions based on various parts of the signal in flexible relation to each other.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2503
Christy Vestal
ARMY 09-068      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Novel Materials and Designs for Low Cost, High Per
Abstract:The use of conformal and embedded antennas can significantly reduce the visibility of communications antennas and improve aerodynamic performance for a number of ground and airborne platforms including Humvees, Mine Resistance Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles, and Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs). Despite these advantages, the largest limitation for conventional conformal and embedded antennas is the tradeoff between reducing the profile of the antenna and maintaining antenna performance. To overcome these challenges, Luna Innovations has been developing specially engineered materials as the antenna substrate. The Phase I effort will focus on design and modeling of a novel antenna that fully leverages the electromagnetic material properties of the substrate. Luna has teamed with a leader in the field of antenna development to optimize and integrate the novel materials technology with a cutting edge antenna design. In the Phase I program the antenna will be designed and modeled and a prototype antenna will be fabricated and characterized. The program will leverage a low cost, high throughput technology to rapidly prototype and produce the antennas.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 1862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Patanjali Parimi
ARMY 09-068      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Ultra Wideband Conformal Printable Metamaterial An
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes an innovative solution to the Army’s need for a conformal printable antenna system to support a communication relay radio for HMMWVs, small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles such as the Shadow 200, and soldier jackets and/or helmets. Our innovation is based on a novel wideband electromagnetic band gap (EBG) metamaterial design that allows us to obtain a low profile, broadband antenna element that operates in the VHF-UHF range and also apply our Direct Write technique for printing the antenna on a doubly curved surface. During Phase I, the metamaterial printable antenna concept will be refined using high fidelity numerical modeling and simulation tools. The performance of the antenna will be simulated, including platform effects, and validated through the manufacture and testing of a hardware demonstrator. A full scale prototype will be fabricated in the follow-on Phase II program. The prototype will be tested on a representative platform structure to demonstrate the antenna’s wideband performance capabilities, its flexibility, and its ability to adhere to the skin of HMMWV, Shadow 200 UAV and soldier helmets/jackets.

Omni Sciences, Inc.
647 Spring Valley Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 420-0190
Michael J. Freeman
ARMY 09-069      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:High Efficiency Multi-band Mid-Infrared Superconti
Abstract:Fixed and rotary winged aircraft require directed infrared counter-measures (DIRCM) systems to self-protect against heat seeking missiles, and the multi-spectral light source used in DIRCM is a key enabling technology and differentiator. A super-continuum (SC) laser is an attractive candidate for the DIRCM light source, but to be efficacious the SC must be capable of being modulated with jamming codes, the wall-plug efficiency of the SC generation must be improved, and the power in each of the DIRCM wavelength bands must be increased. Omni Sciences, Inc. (OSI) has developed a Mid-Infrared Super- continuum Laser (MIRSCL) using fibers and telecom components and that generates broadband, super-continuum covering simultaneously the wavelength range from ~0.8 to ~4.3 microns. To meet the Army DIRCM requirements, the MIRSCL will be modulated to support jamming codes with 25% duty cycle, and the electrical power consumption and heat dissipation will be reduced by modulating the power amplifier pump lasers. In addition, the MIRSCL wall-plug efficiency can be increased by a factor of 2-3X by using a thulium-doped power amplifier to replace the current erbium/ytterbium fiber amplifier. The SC power will be increased and optimized for Band IV–A (3.8-4.3 microns) by using a high-NA ZBLAN fluoride fiber.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
ARMY 09-069      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Compact High Power Broadband Fiber Laser for EO/IRCM
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 10 W femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser and nonlinear fiber optics, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact all fiber based high power (>10 W) mid-IR supercontinuum source (1-5 micron) to meet with the requirement of the Army solicitation. The laser is a specialty fiber based MOPA incorporating our proprietary technology of pulse shaping, spectral shaping and polarization shaping in generation of pump source at 2 um and mid-IR supercontinuum generation. A tabletop experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame for proof of the concept. A compact hardware will be delivered in Phase II.

Emitech, Inc
150 Harvard St.
Fall River, MA 2720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 324-0758
I. A. Levitsky
ARMY 09-070      Awarded: 12/23/2009
Title:Portable Stand-off Detection of IEDs Based on Fluo
Abstract:We propose to study and develop a novel, highly sensitive and selective optochemical portable detection system for stand-off detection (more than 300 m) of IED hazard. In Phase-I, the feasibility of the concept will be demonstrated at a distance of 150 m for major nitro-explosives (TNT, RDX, PETN) deposited on the surface with concentration ~ ng/mm2. The two main transduction mechanisms will be tested: polymer fluorescence quenching and spectral shift of resonance peak of nanoporous Si microcavity infiltrated with imprinted silica. The unique nanodevice structure provides a large surface area between the sensory material and the analytes leading to the highest sensitivity, which is critical for fast detection (response time is about several seconds) of low vapor pressure explosives. Stand-off sensing will be provided by ballistic delivery in conjunction with laser excitation/interrogation followed by the signal processing. The proposed technology is highly innovative and promising for future developments. We have demonstrated some of the key issues for its implementation, thus the successful completion of Phase-I is highly possible. In Phase-II, the developed prototype will be capable of detecting IEDs from the stand-odd distance of more than 300 meters in the presence of common operational interferences.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Bradley Sallee
ARMY 09-070      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Explosive Detection System
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a man portable explosive hazard detection system composed of 3 subsystems: a miniature class 1 eye-safe LADAR adapted to provide explosive detection and classification through the use of Raman scattering spectroscopy; a 35GHz staring radar with primary and third harmonic cross section measurement capability; and a cell phone detection and jamming set. The group of devices allows detection and classification of explosive residue, detection of metals and metal or electronic assemblies, and the detection and jamming of cell phone triggers. Key to this system is integration into a hand held device which interfaces to a tough book or equivalent computer, allowing it to be carried and operated by dismount troops. The LADAR is an adaptation of the SPEC family of miniature 32 channel scanning LADARs. One channel will receive the transmit wavelength for ranging and 3D imaging, and the other 31 channels are tuned to Stokes backscatter spectral lines of explosives of interest. The fiber DWDM receiver structure allows 0.175nm receive bands with temperature stability of 5% of band over wide 165F to -65F operating band. The LADAR achieves 8/1 signal to noise ratio on single photon detects, allowing near theoretical receiver performance.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 09-071      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Window Mounted UHF Antenna System
Abstract:Through this program FIRST RF plans to develop an innovative UHF window mounted antenna to be installed on the interior window of a fixed or rotary wing aircraft. The installation requires no modifications to the interior of the vehicle. The proposed design leverages a FIRST RF L-Band window mounted antenna that has been flown for the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The antenna uses multiple high strength vacuum suction cups that can be actuated by hand. The proposed technology also addresses human safety considerations by minimizing back lobe radiation. The antenna achieves high gain and is capable of handling high power requirements. It is light weight, simple, producible, and very easy to install. The installation time for this antenna is under 20 minutes.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Rod Waterhouse
ARMY 09-071      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:Window Mounted UHF Antenna System
Abstract:In this Phase I effort Pharad will build on its extensive experience developing high performance conformal flexible antenna technologies to create a window mounted UHF antenna system for MRFT (Miniaturized RF Tag) applications in Rotary and Fixed Wing Aircraft. In Phase I we will investigate a variety of conformal antenna configurations utilizing different innovative approaches. The antenna assembly will be flexible and can be adhered to a variety of planar and non planar glass surfaces. We will evaluate the various UHF antenna configurations with the objective of creating the solution that gives the best performance. We will use full-wave electromagnetic simulation tools in this evaluation and include part of the airframe surrounding the window in the simulations. During Phase I we will also investigate suitable flexible materials and adhesives that will enable our UHF antenna to be conformal and fit-to-form and therefore easily attached to the aircraft window. Once the optimal antenna design has been finalized, we will fabricate a proof-of-concept prototype of the antenna and measure its RF performance. In our Phase I Option activity we will carry out experimental and theoretical studies to verify the safety of the proposed UHF window mounted antenna.

QuickFlex, Inc
8401 N. New Braunfels Suite 324
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 473-0007
Steven Smith
ARMY 09-072      Awarded: 4/12/2010
Title:QuickMANet - Fault Management and Self-Healing for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:Complex wireless ad hoc networks present unique and substantial challenges in the presence of faults, and unlike wire networks, faults are typically transient and quite common. In response to these challenges, QuickFlex, Inc. proposes QuickMANet, a novel fault management, diagnosis, and self-healing system for wireless ad hoc networks. QuickMANet uses distributed, cooperating management nodes in the virtual hierarchy that enables a global fault status perspective even on very large wireless ad hoc networks, including those with mobile elements. The system relies on real-time network modeling of potential faults as fault signatures are observed in the operating network. The modeling helps to define the search space relevant to a particular observed signature, and this information is then used to drive an artificial intelligence-based diagnosis and self-healing response capability. The QuickMANet concept is highly scalable, adaptable, protocol- independent, and spans both wired and wireless networks.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Bao-Hong Shen
ARMY 09-072      Awarded: 4/29/2010
Title:Proactive Fault and Healing Management (PFHM) for MANET
Abstract:Enabling effective fault management in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), to guide the self healing mechanisms, can tremendously improve the reliability and performance of network-centric systems, such as Warfighter Information Network - Tactical. The existing approaches assume hard failures of network components and resource availability for healing process. However, MANET often exhibits highly unpredictable behaviors that are intermittent, transient and highly resource-constrained, in which traditional methods fail to respond. We propose a system of fault management that is capable of detecting soft failures for both known and unknown errors, to guide our comprehensive set of healing mechanisms and processes. The system realizes a concept from biological immune systems for its advantages to direct our strong network technology base for protection and recovery in MANETs. We also propose to use selected sets of key network parameters at various layers of protocol stack for execution and evaluation. Realistic scenarios from Army are chosen for experimental study. The effort of Phase I and Options will include developing the proposed fault and self-healing management, building the corresponding key algorithms, evaluating the feasibility under chosen scenarios, and designing the prototype of a system solution.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
101 Bleecker Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-0101
Walter E. Szczepanski
ARMY 09-073      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Clutter Mitigation Techniques for Ground-Based, Gr
Abstract:Helios Remote Sensing Systems and SRC, Inc. will investigate and validate innovative clutter mitigation techniques for clutter as seen from a radar sensor located near the Earth’s surface. The new techniques will operate effectively in highly non-Gaussian, variable, multifaceted, relatively intractable clutter. Radar operation for dismount detection ranges of 200 meters to 3 km from as low as 0.1 meter to 2 meters from the earth’s surface is of prime concern. Normalized Parametric Adaptive Matched Filter techniques will be investigated for application to multi-channel applications while Linear Predict Error Filter techniques will be investigated for single channel radar applications. These techniques, augmented with data-derived knowledge-aided processing and multiple pass processing, promise to significantly improve clutter suppression and significantly enhance detection of dismounts in severely non-homogeneous clutter environments. Micro- Doppler techniques adapted from previous sense-through-the-wall radar detection and imaging efforts will provide enhancement of target detection and classification. Two maximum likelihood azimuth angle estimators that are compatible with advanced space- time adaptive processing will be investigated to provide enhanced location accuracy. These proposed enhancements of the detection, classification and location of enemy combatants from either unmanned ground vehicles or from stationary positions will provide improved situational awareness to the warfighter.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3413
James Stagliano
ARMY 09-073      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Clutter Mitigation Techniques for Ground-Based, Gr
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes to develop a basic suite of algorithms that will mitigate clutter for ground based radars detecting ground moving targets. PRA will utilize data collected by the Army Research Laboratory Compact Radar (ARL-CR) to design and analyze clutter mitigation algorithms. PRA will develop algorithms that utilize signal statistics in a rule-based algorithm to distinguish between clutter and target returns. The PRA algorithm approach will essentially identify salient statistical features that separate targets from clutter and a functional methodology that implements these features. In Phase I, PRA proposes to develop a feature space for identifying clutter using the statistical measures from which rules are generated for Bayesian or rule-based classification schemes. In particular, PRA will focus upon the urban, suburban, and roadway tunnel structured clutter regimes rather than the classical statistical (foliage) clutter scenarios. In Phase I Option, PRA will develop test plans for Phase II and recommend any required signal processor upgrades necessary to implement and assess the Phase I algorithms. In Phase II, the Phase I both structured and statistical clutter mitigation algorithms will be implemented in the ARL-CR and radar tests will be conducted that demonstrate clutter/target identification and mitigation.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 7024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
ARMY 09-074      Awarded: 12/17/2009
Title:High Efficiency, Highly Linear, Solid-State Power
Abstract:High power jammer systems are widely used in today’s electronic warfare, such as CREW, WARLOCK, Rubicons II. To paralyze enemy’s communication completely, the high power jammer system should block the frequency range from MHz up to GHz, with high efficiency high linear power amplifiers. The “Extremely Broadband Power Amplifier (EBPA)” covers frequency ranges from HF to C-band, making it an excellent candidate for jammer applications, The EBPA uses broadband high power MMICs, developed by Rockwell Collins, a team member. Broadband MMICs using wide bandgap devices, capable of provide 10W at HF to more than 30 W at C-band, a broadband amplifier covering frequencies from HF to C-band will be designed. The devices will be configured in a balanced push-pull configuration to achieve great VSWR handling ,and excellent 2nd harmonic suppression of greater than 40 dBc. When combined using our novel broadband combiner techniques, power levels of 150W with efficiency values greater than 40% is expected. In our efforts, the power combining will be split into three frequency divisions: HF to UHF, UHF, and L-band to C-band. For frequency ranges from HF through UHF, ferrite loaded coaxial combining techniques will be utilized.

Trident Systems Inc.
10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 267-2306
Jim Hopkins
ARMY 09-074      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:High Efficiency, Highly Linear, Solid-State Power
Abstract:Achieving a high power, high linearity, high efficiency, solid state power amplifier across a wide bandwidth is a very difficult design task. These amplifiers are critical in military applications, which typically also involve tough environmental conditions and challenging reliability requirements. Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) has long been the conventional technology for power amplifiers; however, with the advent of Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology, addressing these competing design goals is becoming more feasible, if the power output of such an amplifier can be made linear over a broad range of frequencies. This effort investigates and designs several Push-Pull amplifiers coupled with Linearizers to achieve full coverage over an HF to 6 GHz bandwidth. Application of recent experience in both military power amplifiers as well as linearization techniques will provide a rugged, flexible, and extremely reliable solution. To achieve demanding bandwidth requirements, impedance matching will receive careful attention; and to achieve =this effort will use linearizers that consider both the 2nd and 3rd order distortion terms to achieve the wide bandwidths.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Robert M. Wilkerson
ARMY 09-075      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Advanced Algorithms and Architecture for Multimoda
Abstract:Identity management (IdM) problems arise in many applications, but the accuracy and reliability of IdM technologies in the military and homeland security domains are of the utmost importance. Numerous technologies exist to exploit biometrics for IdM, but such technologies are limited in the number of features they exploit and in their robustness to data issues such as missing, overlapping or spoofed data. Toyon proposes to research and develop an architecture and associated algorithms for multimodal biometric and contextual data fusion across multiple data repositories in a network centric environment. Toyon’s proposed approach provides automated repository searching and identity estimation in a feedback control architecture. The automated search capability will be tightly coupled with the identity estimation algorithms to optimize the collection of data available to identify the person of interest (POI). Toyon will develop and employ a Bayesian Network algorithm for identity estimation along with techniques to automatically detect and rectify data inconsistencies such as identity spoofing and unintentional data entry errors. The overall architecture and algorithms will be flexible to the number and heterogeneity of the available data repositories thereby enabling an enterprise-level solution.

Ultra-Scan Corporation
4240 Ridge Lea Road
Amherst, NY 14226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 832-6269
John K. Schneider
ARMY 09-075      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Applying Advances in Biometric Fusion to Contextua
Abstract:The use of contextual information is often a weak, error prone and labor intensive method of identifying and tracking Persons of Interest. Using the Neyman-Pearson Lemma, Ultra- Scan will fuse large numbers of historically weak contextual data fields to create accurate, high value identity information. The technical objective is to identify independent or weakly correlated contextual fields that can be treated as a score-based recognition system suitable for the Neyman Pearson Test, and which can then be used to significantly improve overall identification system performance. Phase I will research a large number of contextual personal identifiers that create an accurate form of personal identification when fused. The effort will create an ideal platform from which to implement a series of steps involving analysis, data modeling, estimation and software simulation to establish with mathematical certainty the ability to fuse large number of contextual fields to create a reliable form of identification.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5273
Wendy Nicholas
ARMY 09-076      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Miniature RF Communications Device
Abstract:ARMY 09-076 Forward HUMINT (Human Intelligence) Automatic Collection The DOD has initiated the Distributed Common Ground/Surfaces System (DCGS) framework to develop a common, interoperable system to simplify processing of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance data. This effort supports commanders and soldiers with a cohesive communications network. The capability of exchanging digitized data between forward Human Intelligence collectors and Brigade centers will provide information in minutes that currently takes weeks. Some key Army requirements are not being met with existing RF communications devices. A low weight, low power, credit card size device with two- way communication in DCGS-A data format, weighing less than 5 pounds, with a maximum surface area of 3.3”x 2”, using less than 2W of power to transmit, with receiver with sensitivity better than -95 dBm, and including storage and processing for voice data and automated Human Intelligence data is required. Additionally, it will need to use commercially available batteries and transmit and receive up to 15 km. IAI intends to thoroughly investigate existing radio platforms to develop the most power efficient and reliable RF radio. IAI will borrow technology developed for its ongoing Phase I DARPA contract, which includes a portable medical recorder with a front end that includes noise cancellation in both hardware and software.

Li Creative Technologies
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 7932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Uday Jain
ARMY 09-076      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Forward HUMINT (Human Intelligence) Automatic Col
Abstract:The purpose of this proposal is to present a novel and promising solution for an small-size physical device to convert voice to digital and provide 2-way communication for HUMINT assets. The device consists of multiple modules, for speech capture, text generation, formatting and display and for 2-way spread-spectrum communication of the messages. This company has developed similar products for military applications. The proposed device is based on our experiences in similar product design and utilizes our successful algorithms and previous research results. Research during the Phase I will be focused on risk assessment and minimization through improving signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in military noisy environments, increasing user-friendliness (through better recognition speed and accuracy), and extending battery life while meeting Army’s communication needs. At the end of Phase I, all modules will be designed and evaluated. Also, a preliminary design will be finished and all major components for the device will be selected. The Phase II deliverable will be a high-quality, device that will meet all the military requirements and is ready to be manufactured.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Maher N. Kaddoura
ARMY 09-077      Awarded: 12/10/2009
Title:Efficient Domain Name Server Protection Techniques
Abstract:The Domain Name Server (DNS) is a distributed database that provides name resolution between domain names and IP addresses. The DNS Infrastructure is vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, which can result in catastrophic consequences for the both military and civilian users of the Internet. Currently, patching the DNS server and DNS security extensions (DNSSEC) are the only methods available for securing the DNS Infrastructure against DoS attacks. However, patching and DNSSEC only provide protection against a limited set of attacks that target the DNS infrastructure. Comprehensive protection of the DNS infrastructure requires a set of countermeasure techniques that can cover a wide range of possible attacks. These countermeasure techniques should complement each other and work with each other to provide total protection to the DNS infrastructure. To address this issue, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes to design and implement DNSsentinel, a set of innovative DoS countermeasure techniques for protecting the DNS Infrastructure. DNSsentinel can be easily integrated into military and civilian networks. It can be deployed without making changes to the DNS Infrastructure and it utilizes existing network protocols.

SCIT Labs Inc
13834 Springstone Dr
Clifton, VA 20124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 347-4494
Arun Sood
ARMY 09-077      Awarded: 3/30/2010
Title:Domain Name Server (DNS) Protection Techniques
Abstract:The Domain Name System (DNS) is a critical part of the internet infrastructure. It is a distributed data base that maps domain names (URL) on to their respective IP Address. DNS was designed for a trusted environment. Today’s malicious activity has reduced the trustworthiness of the DNS mapping. DNSSEC has been proposed as a secure alternative, but is not suited for all environments. For example, in the tactical environment DNSSEC implementations are particularly challenging. In this proposal we seek to evaluate and prototype a new DNS server – such server should have security close to DNSSEC and operational convenience similar to current DNS servers. Our research in Self Cleansing Intrusion Tolerance (SCIT) technology has yielded an Authoritative DNS server which meets this challenge, by resetting the server every minute or so. In this project we will evaluate alternate approaches and formulate an appropriate strategy for DNS servers that meet the above conditions for new DNS server. We will explore the authoritative and recursive DNS servers that are suitable for the Army’s environment. Although, we are motivated by SCIT in this project we will explore alternate approaches and formulate the best approach to meet the security and operational requirements.

Migma Systems, Inc.
1600 Providence Highway
Walpole, MA 02081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 660-0328
Bo Ling
ARMY 09-078      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:Knowledge-Based Airborne Hybrid System for Sparse Minefield Detection
Abstract:Landmines come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They can be square, round, cylindrical, or bar-shaped. The casing can be metal, plastic, or wood. Traditional techniques to detect landmines are both dangerous and time consuming. Airborne-based landmine detection system often uses high resolution optical sensors for the target detection. They use various image processing techniques that fall in two broad categories – signature- based and anomaly detections. Since landmines appeared in airborne IR images often don’t show stable signatures, signature-based approach is less robust. Anomaly detection usually generates many false alarms, making the system practically less useful. To overcome these challenges, in Phase I, we propose to develop a suite of anomaly detectors and false alarm mitigators for the target detections. We combine these detections in a minefield composite image to form a sparse minefield. Degree of randomness algorithms will be developed to detect the minefield. To further improve the system performance, we propose to design a knowledge base using mixture ontology. This knowledge base is capable of reasoning and can automatically select parameters and their settings based on the operating conditions and target types. External data sources can also be incorporated into this knowledge base.

Signal Innovations Group, Inc.
1009 Slater Rd. Suite 200
Durham, NC 27703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 323-3456
Levi Kennedy
ARMY 09-078      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:CONTEXT-DRIVEN LANDMINE DETECTION USING SEMI-SUPERVISED MULTI-TASK LEARNING
Abstract:The proliferation of landmines continues to be a problem of worldwide humanitarian urgency. While airborne sensors have demonstrated significant utility in covering a wide area at a high stand-off distance, the variety of deployment methods, environments, mine types, and operating conditions continue to pose challenges in the context of landmine detection requirements. In this effort, a context-driven approach to the landmine detection architecture is proposed with a focus on transitioning new mathematical and statistical tools for applied image processing that are highly relevant to addressing landmine detection challenges. We propose a framework that provides: texture-based context for anomaly detection; false alarm reduction through semi-supervised learning and multi-task learning where data associations are learned in the feature space and the classifier parameter space; mine field association through graph-based diffusion; and a mechanism to explicitly incorporate analyst feedback to optimize performance under new operating conditions. Computational efficiency of the underlying methods will aid in pursuing real- time implementation, test and evaluation in Phase II.

4Wave, Inc.
22660 Execute Drive Suite 101
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 787-9283
David Baldwin
ARMY 09-079      Awarded: 3/11/2010
Title:Transition Metal Oxide Optical Switch
Abstract:We propose to test a new sputtering method, Biased Target Deposition (BTD), for growth of polycrystalline VO2 thin films. The BTD method has been shown to be more stable and flexible for reactive deposition than previously used techniques, and we test whether VO2 can be driven into different microstructures, hence properties, by varying growth conditions. We focus on the optically-driven insulator-to-metal transition of VO2 when the material is grown on substrates transmissive to long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) radiation, commonly Ge, and seek to understand any observed optically-driven "imprint" aging of the material via microstructural characterization of the "aged" material.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
ARMY 09-079      Awarded: 2/24/2010
Title:Vanadium Oxide Photonic Crystal Thermochromic Optical Switch
Abstract:Agiltron proposes to use patterned metal-vanadium oxide layers as a fast, high contrast infrared optical switch. The desired effect, based upon extraordinary optical transmission, has been demonstrated for visible light and should have greater contrast in the infrared. The effect of grain size, thickness and composition (oxygen content) of VO2 on the phase transition temperature and width of hysteresis loop for resistance as a function of temperature will be determined as well as the effect of the substrate on these parameters and switching speed. Wavelength response will vary with the pattern and this effect will also be measured. VO2 films will be deposited and sintered by a subcontractor, Vanderbilt University, with extensive experience with this material. Agiltron, with extensive experience in manufacturing photonic structures, will deposit all other films (metal and interfaces), pattern films, and measure thermal and optical effects. In Phase 2 Agiltron will test alternate geometries (plasmonic crystals), use of the included metal film for thermal heating (biasing), doping the VO2, additional filters, fabricate and deliver systems for field tests.

Amethyst Research Incorporated
1405 4th Ave NW Suite #345
Ardmore, OK 73401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 223-1774
Ryan Cottier
ARMY 09-080      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Epitaxially Passivated, Near-Planar Technology for Strained Layer Superlattice Mid- and Long-wave Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:The InAs/InGaSb Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) system is developing rapidly and is now finally poised to seriously challenge HgCdTe as the dominant technology for mid- and long-wave detection. SLS structures have a number of practical and theoretical advantages over HgCdTe materials, including lower Auger noise, higher operating temperature, better wavelength uniformity, more robust materials, and lower cost. The primary remaining obstacle for competitive high-performance detectors based on SLS is an adequate surface passivation solution that is compatible with processing into focal plane arrays (FPAs). Effective surface passivation will improve quantum efficiency and inhibit noise from surface-related dark current. The proposed project delivers a technologically disruptive approach to the surface passivation issue and involves a radical new design based on already proven physics of the SLS detector structure, including new types of electrical contacts and a new type of surface passivation material. The anticipated result will provide superior performance in a planar technology that facilitates packaging into infrared imagers. Amethyst Research has teamed with the University of Rochester and IntelliEpi to ensure an optimal development and commercialization platform. The success of this project will enable widespread implementation of SLS mid-wave and long-wave infrared FPAs for DoD and commercial applications.

ASL Analytical
2500 Crosspark Road
Coralville, IA 52241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(319) 665-2214
Ed Koerperick
ARMY 09-080      Awarded: 1/22/2010
Title:Array Processing Techniques for III-V Material, Strained Layer Superlattice, Mid and Long Wavelength, High Sensitivity Infrared (IR) Sensors
Abstract:This proposal describes an approach to realize InAs/GaSb type II superlattice focal plane arrays through planar processing. A problem with conventional mesa diode processing approaches is that nonradiative surface recombination at the exposed pn junction is extremely rapid, leading to surface leakage currents that limit the mesa diode performance. By eliminating etched sidewalls through planar processing, we expect edge leakage current to be greatly reduced without compromising areal leakage currents. Planar processing using sealed ampoules or a pseudo-closed box approach requires strict control of the partial pressures is required to obtain reproducible diffusion profiles and to avoid surface damage in both of these approaches. An alternative approach which we propose to follow is the open-tube diffusion from doped spin-on films, which are commercially available for a variety of dopant species, including zinc. We believe diffusion of zinc from spin on SiOx presents a simpler, more manufacturable approach to planar processing focal plane arrays than the ampoule approach or the pseudo-closed box approach.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
ARMY 09-080      Awarded: 2/22/2010
Title:Planar Engineering for Type-II Superlattices (PETS
Abstract:Type II InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattices (SLS) represent the most promising material system capable of delivering more producible, large-format MWIR and LWIR focal plane arrays (FPAs). Type-II SLS currently achieve performance comparable to that of existing mercury-cadmium-telluride (MCT) based FPAs. However, no viable planar processing techniques have been demonstrated for Type-II ĄV they currently rely on mesa isolated diodes. These mesas require etching, cleaning, and passivation, which complicate the processing of Type-II SLS and can decrease the yield and reliability. As such it is desirable to pursue a planar processing technique that is compatible with Type-II superlattices. In this proposal we present a novel planar design compatible with Type-II design called Planar Engineering for Type-II Superlatices (PETS). PETS consists of a reduced area p-type GaSb layer that is fabricated via selective area re-growth in a trench in a ƒŢ-type (lightly n-type) absorbing layer. This eliminates the need to passivate the devices and simplifies the processing, and thus can be expected to increase the yield and reliability leading to a more producible FPA. In addition PETS allows for a reduced junction area while maintaining the optical area of the device. This will reduce the dark current and lead to higher signal to noise ratios.

Future Skies
1333 Campus Parkway
Wall Township, NJ 07753
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 935-0095
Michael Hayden
ARMY 09-081      Awarded: 1/8/2010
Title:Biometric Integration Throughout Tactical Edge Networks (BITTEN): A Biometric Interoperability Framework
Abstract:Future Skies, Inc. will provide CERDEC C2D with an architecture that integrates DOD systems with other biometric provider agencies. We will successfully demonstrate the compression, transmission and decompression of biometric data from strategic databases (ABIS and BAT) to LTI collection devices (HIIDE) building on the CERDEC Biometric Identification and Notification System (BINS) program. we will show that these activities can be performed in real time and in accordance with current bandwidth constraints.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
ARMY 09-081      Awarded: 12/4/2009
Title:Combined Multi-Biometric Service System
Abstract:To address the PEO Enterprise Information Systems need for a solution that provides real- time secure Identity Management of Biometric Data across the Global Information Grid (GIG), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Combined Multi- BIOmetric Service (CMBIOS) system. The proposed system is based on unique integration of biometric technologies with CMBIOS service-oriented architecture framework, platform-independent client software, and a hypercompression technique to transfer large files over low-bandwidth communication links, which will enable the system to share biometric data across the GIG in real time. As a result, CMBIOS allows the warfighter to capture, disseminate, and exploit biometric data in real time, and communicate at the lower tactical level as reliably as at the strategic level. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of CMBIOS by assembling and testing a proof-of-concept prototype, and determine a logical data model and compression scheme to transfer large files through low-bandwidth links. We will prepare and deliver system design specifications of the approach to be used in Phase II for development of the prototype system. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a technology readiness level (TRL) 4-5 CMBIOS that will be ready for initial testing for potential transition to related programs.

Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc.
575 McCorkle Blvd.
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 891-2243
Philip R. Swinehart
ARMY 09-082      Awarded: 11/25/2009
Title:High Resistivity VOx for Continuous Bias Read-outs
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses improvements in the sensitivity and signal to noise ratio in uncooled infrared imaging sensors based on vanadium oxides. A novel, spin-on process for the deposition of metal oxides will be used to produce higher resistivity and temperature coefficient of resistance than other processes now produce. This will increase the sensitivity to higher than 2% of resistivity/(degree C) and the sheet resistance to higher than 10Mohm per square. This will allow continuous bias read out and smaller pixel sizes.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
ARMY 09-083      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Feasibility of High Operating Temperature MWIR Type-II FPAs
Abstract:Current high-performance MWIR FPAs require cooling to ~77K. This generally requires the use of a cryocooler that limits the system lifetime. If the FPA operation temperature can be raised to >170 K without sacrificing performance, then lower power and longer lifetime MWIR cameras should be possible. Type II InAs/GaSb superlattices represent the most promising material system capable of delivering a camera operating at T >170 K. High temperature operation of current MCT based FPAs is limited by inherent defects in the II-VI material and strong Auger recombination. Type-II is based upon more mature III-V materials and should give better material quality, lower substrate costs, and should be compatible with industrial III-V foundry processes. Type-II has significantly lower Auger recombination rates, and using the superlattice, the band structure can be engineered to further suppress Auger recombination. This should allow for lower dark currents at higher operating temperatures thereby allow for the development of a camera that can potentially achieve MCT performance at 170 K or greater. In this proposed work we will systematically study MWIR Type-II and apply recent innovations in order to demonstrate improved performance and pave the way for the development of a FPA camera is Phase II.

nBn Technologies
136 Wilshire Rd
Rochester, NY 14618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 355-5556
Shimon Miamon
ARMY 09-083      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Develop High Operating Temperature Infrared Detect
Abstract:Next generation midwave infrared (MWIR) (3 to 5 micron) FPA’s will need to be able to operate at temperatures exceeding 170K with similar performance to InSb FPA’s. The advantages of the increased operating temperature include; reduced power consumption to under 1W, extended the camera operating time between servicing to over 10 years, and reduces the FPA cooling time to less than 30 seconds. One of the most promising new technologies is based on a novel concept called the nBn. The nBn design essentially eliminates Shockley-Read-Hall generation currents and is a diffusion limited device. The result is greatly reduced dark current and noise, compared to other midwave infrared detectors, such as p-n photodiodes. In addition, the nBn devices are passivation free which results in excellent uniformity and operability. This makes nBn ideally suited for FPAs and subsequently low power MWIR camera systems.

QmagiQ, LLC
22 Cotton Road Unit H, Suite 180
Nashua, NH 3063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Mani Sundaram
ARMY 09-083      Awarded: 12/10/2009
Title:High Operating Temperature Midwave Infrared Focal
Abstract:We propose to achieve a high operating temperature midwave infrared focal plane array with a novel version of a InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode. In Phase I, we will grow, fabricate, and measure test devices to determine the maximum temperature the sensor can operate at with reasonable performance when mated with a conventional readout multiplexer. In the Phase 1 Option, we will fabricate and test the performance of a 320x256 focal plane array (FPA). In Phase II, we will maximize operating temperature and pixel operability, package some FPAs in compact TE-cooled packages, and characterize camera performance. A sample camera will be delivered to the DOD.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Peter Dreiske
ARMY 09-084      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:Small Pitch Flip-Chip Interconnects for Focal Plan Arrays/Readout Integrated Circuit Hybridization
Abstract:Infrared night vision is a key technology employed by the U.S. military for multiple critical applications. The cameras utilize detector pixel arrays (often composed of HgCdTe) hybridized to silicon read out circuitry. For next generation applications, the goal is to reduce pixel pitch and increase the number of pixels in the chip to improve image resolution and increase the instantaneous area that may be imaged. While indium bump to indium bump hybridization has been successfully employed to date, it becomes increasingly difficult to fabricate the interconnects as the pitch decreases. The new hybridization approach proposed herein will achieve smaller pitch when compared to the current state of the art. The proposed EPIR approach addresses the key limiters in the current technology through improved management of the lateral spread of the mated indium bumps during hybridization, while still accommodating the non-planarity and non- parallelism between the parts to be hybridized. Existing processing methods which are capable of smaller pitch will be employed, without the need for major development effort; the functionality of the structure to make good electrical contact over large areas is maintained while the inherent pitch capability is improved.

Concentris Systems LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 238
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 781-2003
Tareq Hoque
ARMY 09-085      Awarded: 3/9/2010
Title:Proactive Adaptive Channel Reconfiguration (PACR)
Abstract:Wireless networks, particularly ad hoc networks, are vulnerable to adverse impacts from dynamic network conditions, RF environments, network congestion, limited power supplies, etc. As critical applications move to wireless networks, it is necessary to predict and avoid these adverse impacts before they occur. Methods of network optimization based on research in cross-layer optimization and cognitive networks have the potential to improve the reliability of wireless networks. We will investigate cross- layer optimization techniques which allow the network to proactively respond to deteriorating or improving conditions at any layer before the conditions affect network applications. A framework for deploying and implementing algorithms for proactive optimization at the application-layer will be modeled. As an option, a limited version of the framework will be demonstrated in a live 802.11 network.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Julia (Hongmei) Deng
ARMY 09-085      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Proactive and Adaptive Reconfiguration for Reliabl
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes an innovative Proactive and Adaptive Cross-layer Reconfiguration (PACR) scheme for Reliable Communication in Tactical Networks. The PACR scheme allows the system to adaptively reconfigure its operating parameters in the corresponding layers through proactive prediction, root- cause identification, and cross-layer negotiations. In current wireless networks, the failure occurred in one of the involved layers (e.g., link break at PHY) results in a connection termination; and consequently another connection establishment process has to go through all the layers for a new connection. This process is time-consuming and usually results in an extra latency and resource unavailability within the transition region, which in turn leads to inefficient bandwidth usage and a poor user experience. Moreover, the root cause of connection termination is typical hidden, and not utilized for the repair or reestablishment. The objective of the proposed PACR scheme is to develop an efficient cross-layer negotiation approach to enable proactive and adaptive system reconfiguration, with the final goal of providing users continuous, uninterrupted service without substantial performance degradation, despite various failures may occur frequently in volatile networks.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Sandra Withers-Kirby
ARMY 09-086      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Standardized Refillable Fuel Cartridge for Direct Liquid Fuel Cells
Abstract:The DoD has acquired many unique and complicated direct methanol systems through its SBIR funding as well as through partnerships with larger manufacturing companies. The delivery of these unique DMFC systems to the Department of Defense presents a significant problem in that each developer’s system incorporates its own complex and sometimes proprietary fuel container. This inter-compatibility issue would necessitate the transport and delivery of a countless variety of fuel cartridges, creating a massive logistics burden. Furthermore, many of the received containers are not refillable (one- time-use). Clearly, a need to conform and improve these fuel cartridges is apparent. The proposed fuel cartridge incorporates mechanically strong, acid and base tolerant materials to ensure safe operation in extreme environments while still being cost- effective. Utilizing quick-connecting double shutoff valves, the cartridge can easily and safely be attached and detached for refilling. The cartridge can be recharged with fuel using a bulk refilling process that minimizes spills and connects to any standard fuel drum pump. Mechanical and electrical connections to the DMFC system of choice provide unrestricted fuel flow and access to integrated electronic devices such as fuel level sensors and meters.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang Lee
ARMY 09-086      Awarded: 1/6/2010
Title:Standardized Ultraportable Rugged Fuel-Cell Automa
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a refillable liquid fuel cartridge for portable fuel cell systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Standardized Ultraportable Rugged Fuel-cell Automated Carrier Equipment (SURFACE) based on our proven (and patented) ruggedized blind mating connector technology for safe and efficient liquid fuel transfer from a novel, gravity-insensitive storage cartridge. The innovation of our quick connect interface and orientation-independent cartridge can accommodate fuel transfer to a body-worn power cell as well as refilling (in a multiple unit configuration) from a large storage vessel such as a 55 gallon drum. As a result, SURFACE can help the U.S. Army adopt a single fuel policy for dismounted soldiers, thereby simplifying the logistic pipeline for more efficient and rapid troop mobilization. In Phase I, POC plans to fabricate a representative prototype that can be interfaced with a variety of commercially available fuel cell systems, demonstrating safe and effective fuel transfer. In Phase II POC will optimize the SURFACE architecture for reliable mass production and universal compatibility via low-cost adaptor couplings.

UltraCell Corp.
399 Lindbergh Avenue
Livermore, CA 94551
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 321-5732
Ian Kaye
ARMY 09-086      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Compact, Lightweight Intelligent Cartridge for Int
Abstract:A a unified common fueling system is required in order to reap the benefits of reduced logistics and increased energy density promised by MFC’s. In this project, and working with Protonex, Smart Fuel Cell and IdaTech, we propose to create a Compact, Lightweight Intelligent Cartridge for Interoperable fuel Transport, the CliC-it. The CliC-it will be made available to any Military MFC manufacturer by the CliC-it team. All hardware will be designed to meet IATA and Mil Std specifications.

Agent Dynamics, Inc.
300 S. Dallas Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 421-9407
Marc Graham
ARMY 09-087      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:ANTICO: Anytime Cognition for Effective C2 Decisio
Abstract:The anytime-cognition SBIR effort will identify promising software architecture and algorithms for designing a human-machine system that improves distributed collaborative decision making in network centric environments. A survey of available techniques and technologies will be performed to determine the state of the art in this field and a set of qualitative and quantitative metrics will be defined to help evaluate the performance of each of these approaches. The goal of this effort will be to provide the US Army with the appropriate conceptual and technological infrastructure so as to best define and operationalize the new capability of anytime cognition.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5278
Wei Chen
ARMY 09-087      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:ACT-NOW: An Agent Based Framework of Anytime Cognition Technologies in Networked Operational Warfare/Environments
Abstract:The core issue within Network Centric Environments is that the volume of information and the pace of action threaten to overwhelm human decision makings negating the NCO’s advantages for mission effectiveness. In order to address this problem, we present the innovation of an agent based software framework of Anytime Cognition Technologies in the Networked Operational Warfare / Environment, in short, ACT-NOW. The ACT-NOW solution includes: (1) an accurate understanding of the solicitation and the identification of practical scenarios and the associated technical challenges, (2) an integrated ACT-NOW architecture that employs various inter-connected constituent components and helps the human user understand the data and make timely decisions, (3) an investigation of the crosscutting technologies for the underlying algorithms, the information flow and control flow, and the communication interfaces and protocols of the constituent components, (4) a special effort in the anytime cognitive aspect of the human decision making, and finally (5) a design and proof of concept of the ACT-NOW software in reasonable simulations/experiments with suitable performance criteria and metrics. We will also explore the connection of the ACT-NOW framework with Army’s existing technologies/programs to achieve openness, generality and interoperability.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5015
Jonathan Day
ARMY 09-088      Awarded: 2/22/2010
Title:Context Based Data Abstraction
Abstract:Conflicts in the world have shifted toward asymmetric warfare. As a result, the methodology for attaining situational awareness has been drastically altered as the number of variables directly impacting situational awareness (i.e. behavioral patterns and social networks), their rates of change, and the rate of data creation have dramatically increased. Providing commanders with only the most vital information has become a key challenge. Therefore, highly adaptive, automated, and flexible tools and systems are required that will provide solutions (i.e. actionable intelligence and situational awareness) on an ongoing basis. To address these issues, we propose the Automated Data Abstraction and Modeling (ADAM) system. ADAM is an automated approach that constructs abstract models for task completion backed by Bayesian Networks – predictive models capable of capturing and analyzing the impact of individual variables on the entire model. Each model will be focused on the completion of a specific task with the minimum amount of data required to ensure accurate results. ADAM will be domain agnostic and capable of producing a wide variety of models for the completion of highly specific tasks across any domain. These models will provide a highly adaptive, real-time analytic engine capable of reducing commanders’ and their staffs’ cognitive load.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5223
Margaret Lyell
ARMY 09-088      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Rich Mechanisms to Support Context-aware Data Abstractions: Capturing the Relationship of Data to Abstraction Levels with the Context
Abstract:The promise of the net-centric operations, with the Service Oriented Architecture –based access to the GIG means that information flows can be pulled from many sources, at any time. From the CERDEC C2D Industry Day Briefing, ‘information is abundant, received from many different sources (human and sensor), and is presented in a variety of ways (text, voice, image). However, as shown in recent experiments and noted in the report, at the tactical and operational levels, ‘human decision makers are not able to use the abundance of information available over the network effectively’. In order for effective net centric operations, ‘information systems must augment and operate within human cognitive capabilities and limitations’. IAI’s proposed innovation, the rich mechanisms of Context-aware Data Abstractor (CADA) Tool offer key support for human cognitive capabilities. CADA supports the user in making sense out of the quantities of data, originating in flows that are streaming through the networks. The key innovation is the abstraction techniques offered by CADA that organizes the data and presents the user with abstractions that describe data at a high level.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kevin Degrood
ARMY 09-088      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Context-Intensive Software Toolkit for Data Abstra
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for generalized, context-based data abstraction systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Context-Intensive Software Toolkit for Data Abstraction (CISTDA). This proposed technology is based on the definition and implementation of a context component as a separate object. The innovation in a hierarchical modeling perspective that encapsulates, context, data, real- world entities, and the overall application itself as software objects will enable the CISTDA system to define data, define contexts, and provide continuous data abstraction models that reduce human cognitive burdens without negative impact on mission success. As a result, this technology offers a generalized software toolset that produces abstract models based on descriptions of the input and output data and the models’ usage contexts, which directly addresses the Army requirements of reducing the amount of data required to successfully perform a given task. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of CISTDA by developing and debugging prototype software that will be used to exhibit the procedures and user operations involved in creating an information logistics application. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and demonstrate an enhanced software toolkit that meets specific CONOPS requirements.

B & W TEK INC.
#19 Shea Way Suite 301
Newark, DE 19713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 368-7824
Jie Yao
ARMY 09-089      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Characterization Of Noise And Detectivity Of Nano-BiCMOS Photo-Detectors
Abstract:Low light level visible and infrared imaging has significant importance in military surveillance and target recognition. Our newly developed low-light-level nano-BiCMOS silicon photo-detector has been experimentally proven to consistently deliver in-pixel high- gain amplification to boost external quantum efficiency and photo current signal without increased dark current. The same class of detector is expected cover near infrared as well as the visible spectrum. The resulting semiconductor-based camera will enjoy at least 20-year lifetime, fieldable ruggedness, light weight and small size of a consumer camcorder. In Phase I we will perform detailed instrumentation and characterization of the room-temperature dark current noises of our nano-BiCMOS photo-detector and deduce its detectivity D*. In Phase II we will prototype and characterize a complete silicon nano- BiCMOS camera system, which will be delivered to DoD Labs for evaluation and demonstration. Noise and detectivity D* will be characterized in detail. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the proposed camera to defense contractors for incorporation into military systems and for our own Raman spectroscopy products.

SiOnyx Inc.
100 Cummings Center Suite 243F
Beverly, MA 1915
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 922-0684
Martin Pralle
ARMY 09-089      Awarded: 12/23/2009
Title:Innovative Silicon Imager for Head-Mounted Night V
Abstract:SiOnyx proposes a groundbreaking silicon based detector that has the potential to displace multiple imaging technologies by imparting enhance responsivity performance to silicon and extending its spectral sensitivity into the infrared. This program will validate this technology by developing point detectors packaged in industry standard electronic packages. Early investigations of Black Silicon have shown responsivities in excess of 100 A/W, two orders of magnitude better than other known methods (silicon PINs, Ge, InGaAs) in the visible and near IR at room temperature. Furthermore, Black Silicon has demonstrated sensitivity from 400-1300 nm with low level sensitivity out to 1550nm. As part of this program we will develop metal contact strategies electronic packaging schemes that deliver this remarkable performance in a discrete photodetector device.

Energy Concepts Co., LLC
627 Ridgely Ave.
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 266-6521
Donald Erickson
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title:Light Weight 1.5 Ton AARU
Abstract:It is proposed to improve the logistics of providing utilities (electricity and chilling) to battlefield military units. The goal is to provide 30% savings in fuel, generator capacity, and system weight for meeting a representative demand of a forward operating unit. The key savings are from using generator waste heat to supply part or all of the heat demand of a heat-actuated cooling system (HACS). The ammonia absorption refrigeration units (AARU) developed by Energy Concepts Co. have demonstrated all the required HACS operating characteristics except the low weight. That is to be achieved in this project by applying state-of-art microchannel heat exchange technology to key AARU components.

Energy Quest Technologies Inc.
307 W. McNair St
Chandler, AZ 85225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 861-8496
Dewey Benson
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 5/19/2010
Title:Integrated Portable Power and Cooling System
Abstract:The proposed technology uses a patented combination rankine and reverse rankine process, utilizing a widely used, non-toxic, refrigerant as the working fluid. The waste heat refrigeration core is supplemented with a novel engine and expander design to provide an efficient integrated power and cooling system. The system operates at higher working fluid temperatures and is more efficient and more compact than absorption type systems. The proposed technology is easily scalable for a variety of portable, mobile, and stationary applications. This project will validate key component technology, refine system performance models, and provide a system design that can be carried through to commercialization. The integrated system dramatically reduces the fuel consumption over today’s fielded technology. The development and commercialization of portable heat actuated power and cooling systems would be lead by Energy Quest and include a team of development and commercialization partners.

Rocky Research
1598 Foothill Dr PO Box 61800
Boulder City, NV 89006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 293-0851
Kaveh Khalili
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 12/23/2009
Title:Heat Actuated Cooling System
Abstract:In this Phase I effort Rocky Research proposes a novel heat actuated cooling technology capable of providing air-conditioning and heating at high and low ambient temperatures. The solid-gas absorption technology is based on highly efficient complex compound technology employing variable capacity operation with pulsing refrigerant flow control as well as novel pressure actuated internal heat recovery. The deployment of the proposed system will result in improved energy efficiency, leading to a significant overall reduction in fuel consumption.

ThermAvant Technologies, LLC
1000 A Pannell Street
Columbia, MO 65201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 415-7306
Joe Boswell
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 2/19/2010
Title:Heat Actuated Cooling System
Abstract:A cooling system that converts waste heat from power supply units into useful space cooling is sought by the U.S. Army to reduce the electrical loads and fuel consumption in mobile military platforms. Unfortunately, conventional heat actuated systems are too large and inefficient. ThermAvant Technologies has developed a thermally-driven cooling system that combines environmentally benign fluids with an innovative ejector refrigeration cycle to offer a superior balance of size and efficiency. In addition, a heat- pipe-inspired thin film evaporation heat exchanger will be investigated to improve the heat flux and reduce the superheat between the system’s heat sources and phase change fluids. Phase I research goals are to: A) build a test rig with COPs of at least 0.7 and up to 1.5 under extreme high and low temperatures; and B) demonstrate the applicability of thin film evaporation to reduce the size of the system’s evaporators. Phase II efforts will be dedicated to integrating the proposed solution with real world power units and peripherals. If successful, this technology will enable the mass-market development of compact, light weight and highly efficient heat actuated cooling devices for both military and commercial applications.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Lloyd Linder
ARMY 09-091      Awarded: 2/11/2010
Title:High Speed Focal Plane Array (FPA) for Vibrometer, Laser Radar (LADAR), and Coherent Optical Detection Sensor Applications
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes to develop a high speed, high sensitivity focal plane array (FPA) assembly consisting of a low noise InGaAs photodiode array and a fast readout integrated circuit (ROIC). The FPA will be integrated into a laser vibrometer system and used for the detection of landmines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). In Phase I, Aerius will define the system requirements for the ROIC unit cell. Aerius will also design and simulate the different architectural options for the ROIC unit cell aiming at selecting the best architecture. The requirements for the InGaAs detector array will be defined as well as the approach for hybridization with the ROIC. Plans will be established for testing the FPA in Phase II in an actual vibrometer. In Phase I Option, Aerius will begin the design and layout of the ROIC unit cell, based on the selected ROIC architecture. This SBIR effort will lead to the development of an imaging laser vibrometer with the largest FPA to date.

LightSpin Technologies, Inc.
4407 Elm Street, Suite 300
Chevy Chase, MD 20824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 809-9052
Eric Harmon
ARMY 09-091      Awarded: 3/3/2010
Title:Focal-Plane Array for LDV
Abstract:LightSpin Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a revolutionary photoreciever focal plane for coherent laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) applications. The approach readily scales to tens of thousands of pixels, while maintaining low power and sampling rates in excess of 100 MSa/s. In Phase I, LightSpin will demonstrate individual photoreciever pixels. In Phase II, LightSpin will complete an eye-safe focal plane array, incorporating the photoreciever pixels, 100 MSa/s ADC, and digital signal processor, enabling shot noise limited CNR to be achieved across all 3000 pixels of the array.

Pine Ridge Products LLC
1646 E. Highwood Road
Belt, MT 59412
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 738-4283
Jennifer Bryce
ARMY 09-092      Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:50- 100 Watt Wind Energy Harvesting in Light Tactical Applications
Abstract:Pine Ridge Products LLC will introduce a tactical micro wind turbine that is highly efficient, robust, easy to use, maintain and transport. The Army is requesting a renewable energy system to reduce the amount of fuel used for small power loads. A vehicle mounted, efficient wind turbine system would improve self sufficiency on site by decreasing the need for fossil fuels. This will increase reliability of communication and intelligence systems. Unlike other micro turbines, currently on the market, our solution is to design a micro wind turbine with a large rotor and low RPM. This highly efficient PMG will deliver superior results compared to high speed, high RPM micro turbines. Our design team has years of experience in small wind turbines and renewable energy power electronics design and manufacturing. In addition to the military application, this turbine would fill a gap in the commercial market for a rugged, reliable, low speed micro turbine for use in telecom power, SCADA, and other remote small power applications.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8500
Enrique A. Medina
ARMY 09-092      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:50- 100 Watt Wind Energy Harvesting in Light Tacti
Abstract:Radiance Technologies, a small business with extensive experience in providing solutions to the U.S. military, proposes to develop and commercialize a wind turbine system (WTS) that generates 100W at 12mph winds for mobile tactical applications. Radiance’s WTS will be able to be deployed for wind power extraction or stowed to a small fraction of the deployed volume inside a rigid, vehicle mounted enclosure, in less than one minute. The WTS will be lightweight and compact, yet robust enough to withstand significant physical and environmental abuse. To optimally design the WTS, Radiance will utilize turbine rotor models based on multi-streamtube theory, innovative deploy/stow concepts, mechanical and electrical design software, multi-objective Genetic Algorithm design optimization, and state-of-the-art power electronics for achieving maximum power point tracking control in variable wind speeds. Phase I will result in a proof of concept WTS, fully tested for performance in a wind tunnel. The Phase I Option will accomplish HMMWV vehicle- mounted validation of the proof of concept. Success in Phase I will prepare Radiance for Phase II refined WTS design, prototype manufacturing, and validation of life cycle performance, and Phase III full manufacturing and commercialization of the WTS and related products to military, industrial, and retail customers.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Benjamin L. Burnett
ARMY 09-093      Awarded: 12/4/2009
Title:Database Wiki with Interactive Query Integration (
Abstract:Warfighters need real-time intelligence information that supports their missions. However, this intelligence is not readily available from a single source. Intelligence data queries can give incomplete results when users are not sure how to “ask” in the best way, they cannot query for information they do not know, or experience has not taught them is important yet. DWIQI (Database Wiki with Interactive Query Integration) is a new database system that contains multimedia data, metadata, tags and cross references. DWIQI has an interactive query system capable of working with a user to refine, adjust and adapt a query to give better results. The DWIQI system creates a database that can store, retrieve and search any data in any format (text, images, video, etc.). DWIQI can then process and parse this data to determine its meaning and context using an extendable agent framework.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5009
Peter David
ARMY 09-093      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Metadata Databases
Abstract:Technology to aid in the understanding of intelligence data has not kept pace with the technology used to generate and store the data. This imbalance has led to a situation where the time required for an analyst to understand the content of a data set and mine the relevant information far exceeds the time available to the mission they support. The root of the problem is a mismatch between the meaning-based information needs of the Warfighter and the context and meaning insensitive nature of the current generation of analysis tools. The CONtext-Aware Representation of Knowledge (CON-ARK) system builds a context-aware, meaning-based representation of the intelligence data and uses a variety of algorithms to provide an interactive view into the semantic representation and to automate discovery and summarization of the data. A meaning-aware search capability provides a semantic view into the corpus, providing a game-changing information extraction capability. This capability goes far beyond simply discarding irrelevant uses of words and phrases that match a user’s search terms. DAC’s concept search tool will identify data whose meaning is relevant to the Warfighter’s interest no matter what language is used to express the ideas.

Galaxy Compound Semiconductors, Inc.
9922 E. Montgomery #7
Spokane, WA 99206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 892-1114
L. Allen
ARMY 09-094      Awarded: 3/8/2010
Title:Novel Growth and Processing of an Extremely High Performance, Low Defect FPAs Utilizing HgCdTe on InSb Substrates
Abstract:HgCdTe based IR detectors are used in critical military thermal imaging systems and free- space communication. A key component for stealth defense is the megapixel IRFPAs used for fighter aircraft. A significant aspect inhibiting widespread use of HgCdTe for LWIR and VLWIR detectors is the difficulty of obtaining suitably matched large-diameter substrates. Czochralski grown InSb substrates show promise as a substrate for HgCdTe deposition. An opportunity exists to establish a novel proof-of-concept epitaxial growth of HgCdTe on domestic 150mm InSb substrates for use in advanced LWIR/VLWIR FPA applications. The Phase I program will focus on “epi-ready” InSb surface development to facilitate routine HgCdTe MBE growth. Interface stability (InTe precipitates, In pooling) will be examined. The critical milestone will be the demonstration of HgCdTe epi on InSb with EPD

Intelligent Epitaxy Technology, Inc.
1250 E. Collins Blvd.
Richardson, TX 75081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 234-0068
Paul Pinsukanjana
ARMY 09-094      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Epi Ready InSb Substrate for HgCdTe Infrared Detectors by MBE
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR effort will evaluate the preparation of epi-ready 211B InSb substrate to be used as starting substrate for the growth of high quality HgCdTe epi materials. The InSb substrate will be prepared via production III-V Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) reactor. The 211B InSb substrate is chosen because it''s lattice matched to HgCdTe. Texas State University and Teledyne will assist with the growth of HgCdTe on the especially prepared InSb substrate for evaluation of the InSb substrate preparation. Materials characterization will be performed to evaluate the quality of HgCdTe epi materials grown on InSb. Critical materials development issues will be identified.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2425
Darby Grande
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:PLANET: PLatform for ANalyzing Environmental Trade-offs
Abstract:Environmental management of at-risk sites requires decision-makers to integrate heterogeneous technical information with stakeholder values. Current models exist to specifically address the technical or numerical environmental conditions, and separately to provide decision analysis. A comprehensive, decision-support platform is required to seamlessly integrate these many factors and estimate their impacts. We propose to develop the PLatform for ANalyzing Environmental Tradeoffs (PLANET) software system to combine rich, data-driven environmental models with dynamic forecasting models of stakeholder opinions and the multi-criteria analysis and decision-support tools necessary for rigorous consideration of environmental management decisions. The system will allow users to input data from many sources; perform analysis using the physical models required to evaluate environmental risks and anticipated outcomes of the intervention alternatives under consideration; forecast the stakeholder opinion development over time; automatically transfer all of these results for use as inputs to MCDA algorithms; and view the results and data as trade-offs and on maps of the area of interest.

Cambridge Environmental Inc.
58 Charles Street
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 225-0810
Stephen G. Zemba
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geographic Information System for Environmental Management
Abstract:Responsible management of environmental resources requires reliable environmental modeling and collaborative decision-making by stakeholders. The proposed work aims to create a decision support tool that integrates environmental models, spatial tools, and decision analysis methods to formally and transparently evaluate tradeoffs and uncertainties with regard to environmental resource management. The decision support tool will integrate various Army Corps of Engineers and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) models within a Geographic Information System (GIS) framework to provide a powerful system of models for assessing the impacts of multi-media environmental contamination over varying spatial and temporal scales with a direct linkage to a decision support module. The elements necessary to develop an integrated GIS- based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) tool for environmental management already exist individually or in partially integrated forms. A combined platform of modeling analysis and risk assessment, GIS-based data integration, and decision analysis would provide a powerful and much-needed tool to support environmental management decisions.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 927-4774
Chris Cooper
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 11/3/2009
Title:Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geographic Information System for Environmental Management
Abstract:Environmental management of military sites and as part of natural disaster recovery operations, such as with Hurricane Katrina, currently requires decision-makers to integrate information from quantitative environmental models, their own judgment, and the values of stakeholders such as the general public. In addition, an increasing emphasis on the role of Geographic Information System (GIS) in being able to visualize and analyze spatial data makes the integration of GIS data with environmental models more urgent. Environmental managers would significantly benefit from a capability to integrate quantitative environmental models with multi-criteria decision analysis and GIS data for risk management or environmental planning. Phase I will develop a proof-of-concept and hypothetical case study by leveraging open-source GIS software and decision support infrastructure initially developed for the Missile Defense Agency and Air Force strategic planning. This infrastructure will be tailored to include environmental planning decision criteria and metrics. The integration methodology will provide seamless and user-intuitive transfer of data between a GIS capability, environmental models, and a multi-criteria decision analysis capability. The Phase I proof-of-concept will be used to reduce risk and demonstrate key functionality through interaction with Army analysts. The Phase II effort will result in a prototype to evaluate Army environmental issues.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:An Integrated and Extensible MCDA Tool for Environ
Abstract:The key innovation of this proposal is to develop an integrated and extensible Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) tool with GIS integration and Web collaboration for environmental management, namely mcda-EM. Our proposed approach aims to overcome the decision making challenges of military environmental projects where inherent trade- offs between sociopolitical, environmental, ecological, and economic factors must be considered. On the other hand, the development of powerful GIS technologies calls for the seamless integration of geographic information in the decision making process. There still remain a lot of technical challenges in integrating complex GIS information when developing environmental assessment models which leads to the development of models without much embedded spatial information. Our proposed approach addresses these challenges by leveraging IAI’s advanced tools of system engineering and GIS tools as well as the use of advanced Web 2.0 technology. Our proposed approach is an integrated process diagram to integrate all the alternatives, decision criteria, atomic environmental models and multi-criteria decision models. The process diagram also integrated many existing tools and GIS servers. The Web 2.0 technology is used for collaborative decision making.

CU Aerospace
2100 South Oak St. Suite 206
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 333-8279
Chris Mangun
ARMY 09-096      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Self-Healing, Self-Diagnosing Fiber Reinforced Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:Multifunctional composite materials would alleviate longstanding problems in composite structures associated with multiple types of damage mechanisms such as mechanical/thermal fatigue, microcracking, and debonding. Self-healing polymers consist of a healing agent that is stored in microcapsules and released whenever cracking occurs in the polymer. The healing agent flows into the cracks and is polymerized in place, effectively sealing the cracks and allowing the material to recover structural function. Repair of damage is accomplished automatically and without human intervention, improving performance and service-life. The team of CU Aerospace (CUA) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will develop a self-healing resin as the matrix phase for a self-healing structural composite for a wide variety of military and commercial applications. CUA will also investigate the potential for multiple healing events and sensing techniques to monitor composite degradation.

Natural Process Design
1250 East Eighth Street
Winona, MN 55987
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(507) 452-9113
Carolyn Dry
ARMY 09-096      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Self Repairing and Self Sensing Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:The proposed innovation is a multifunctional smart self sensing and self repairing composite that provides shielding. It addresses the two basic risk issues that are constraining composite use: durability and confidence in repairs so that uncertainty and risk are reduced. Self-sensing/self-repairing composites eliminate the risks by repairing automatically without manual intervention, by giving assurance of damage detection, repair accomplishment and by protecting against severe damage such as ballistics, em pulses. Since much damage needs instant repair, self repairing is required; since there is usually no monitoring and no visible traces , a self sensing system is desired and since em pulses and ballistic attacks are so devastating, shielding is required. This innovation is a multifunctional smart material that has three functions using one form and is smart because it can repair without human intervention and can sense what has happened and act for self preservation.

RK Composites Inc.
1414 S. Sangre Road
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 935-2848
Gajendra Pandey
ARMY 09-096      Awarded: 10/21/2009
Title:Condition-based Self Healing Systems for Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, RK Composites, Inc. (RKCI) will develop condition-based self healing systems for multifunctional composite materials. Our technology enables damage mitigation by pre-damage repair, inclusion of condition based monitoring, extensive and tailorable multifunctionality, and material modifications to improve the mechanical properties of high-strength advanced composites. In addition, our technique can be easily adapted to currently qualified composite materials and incorporated using conventional industry-standard fabrication techniques. In this project, the self healing methodology will be specifically tailored to provide damage mitigation under impact loading and high stress conditions.

Dynamic Systems and Research
8219 Pickard Ave NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 270-3088
Danny J. Frew
ARMY 09-097      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Tension/Extension Test Device for Ultra High Stren
Abstract:In this program, DSR proposes to develop a multi-use test system that will be capable of mechanically testing conventional and ultra high-strength geologic and man-made materials and obtaining post-peak stress-strain properties in tri-axial compression and direct tension/ extension (DTE) configurations. In Phase I, mechanical and hydraulic conceptual designs will be developed for the dual-use test device with the capability to apply confining pressures up to 200 MPa to right-circular cylinder samples. This phase will also include developing the servo-hydraulic architectures needed to obtain post-peak material property data for these materials. In the Phase I option portion of this program, DSR plans to design a highly-accurate instrumentation configuration that will allow for accurate measurements as well as provide the servo-loop feedback necessary to obtain the required post-peak behavior of the test sample. In Phase II, the mechanical, hydraulic, and instrumentation designs developed in the Phase I effort will be built, and tested under a variety of different conditions to demonstrate the ability for this device to capture post- peak behavior of test samples.

Karagozian and Case
2550 North Hollywood Way Suite 500
Burbank, CA 91505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 240-1919
Ken Morrill
ARMY 09-097      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Tension/Extension Test Device for Ultra High Stren
Abstract:There is an expressed need within the U.S. Government to develop and enhance analytic modeling capabilities with respect to predicting the response of reinforced concrete (RC) structures subjected to dynamic loadings events, especially those generated by weapon effects. Performing laboratory tests—where a set of representative stress and strain- controlled loadings is applied to concrete specimens—are a key step in characterizing concrete behaviors invoked by these scenarios, which are needed to support analytic modeling efforts. Such lab tests represent a proven and reliable tool to measure the strength and rheology of the concrete. The data can be used to understand the important mechanical phenomena from which to develop and calibrate constitutive models for use in physics-based models. The opportunity exists to apply state-of-the-art technologies to design a test system capable of performing direct tension/triaxial extension tests on UHSC samples. Our proposal seeks to combine technologies from a variety of specialized fields and experiences to accomplish this goal. Specifically, the K&C team proposes to combine novel applications of state-of-the-art instrumentation devices; computer- controlled, servo-hydraulic test systems; design optimization and design of experiments (DOE) techniques; and high-fidelity physics-based (HFPB) analytic modeling to design the test system.

BHTechnology, LLC
400 Rella Blvd suite 110
Suffern, NY 10901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
aron kain
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:A novel weigh in motion measuremetn system is proposed that does not rely on the piezoelectric effect. This system is physically felixible in composition and can accurately measure vehicles traveling at speeds from 5 to 30MPH. The system is rapidly deployable, easy to use, and readily incorporated in overall WIM and classification systems.

International Electronic Machines
850 River St.
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 268-1636
Zack Mian
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:The Army’s Engineer Research and Development Center has developed a means for detecting hidden payloads in small passenger vehicles based on accurate information for wheel, axle, and gross vehicle weight. The use of weigh-in-motion (WIM) systems to gather the weight data has proven unacceptable due to requirements in COTS WIM systems for straight level approaches, constant vehicle speeds, and rigid pavement foundation for the scales. International Electronic Machines Corporation, in cooperation with Oak Ridge National Laboratory, will address these and other limitations of current WIM technology in development of a Slow-speed Weigh-In-Motion Error Reduction System (SWIMERS). SWIMERS will be based upon an innovative modular load cell system that will provide greater accuracy, higher data rates, and improved repeatability than current systems. SWIMERS processes time-serialized sensor data using advanced, patent- pending, error reduction algorithms developed by ORNL for the US Army. Preliminary testing suggests these algorithms can reduce multiple error modes to lower than 0.05%. Enhancements to these algorithms during this project will enable SWIMERS to be used in less than ideal conditions for dynamic weight measurement. SWIMERS adapts for use in either fixed/permanent or in expedient/temporary installations basis.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 7205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 781-0393
Thomas Koscica
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:This proposal is aimed at the development of an innovative weigh-in-motion (WIM) sensor that uses purely fiber-optic sensing methods to remotely measure the weight and weight distribution of slow-moving vehicles. Specifically, an fiber Bragg grating based sensing system will be developed, in surface-mounted and in-ground configurations, that measures the axle and wheel weights of slow moving (<10 mph) passenger vehicles for stand-off detection of anomalously loaded sedans. Such a sensor system will be capable of accurately measuring the axle and wheel weights of slow moving passenger vehicles for determination of whether a vehicle carries a concealed payload, such as a vehicle- borne improvised explosive device (VBIED).

Wolf Technical Services, Inc.
6836 Hawthorn Park Drive
Indianapolis, IN 46220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 842-6075
Paul Thogersen
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:A design concept is developed for a transportable weigh-in-motion sensor with capability to weight individual wheels, axles and the gross weight of passenger-type vehicles moving along a roadway at speeds from 1 to 30 mph. The sensor will sense weight shift associated with vehicle maneuvers and make a correction to each wheel weight. The system installation can be permanent or temporary, and can be an in-ground or surface installation.

ABL ENGINEERING LLC
227 W MAIN ST
BOALSBURG, PA 16827
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 522-0442
BRUCE LONG
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/3/2009
Title:Optimally Designed Wireless Seismic/Acoustic Ordnance Impact Characterization System
Abstract:We propose to study development of a wireless network of seismic/acoustic/GPS sensors to carry out the ordnance-impact characterization. We propose to modify an existing design that includes a three-componenent seismograph (sampled at 10kHz), a microphone, and a high-precision GPS receiver. These data are optimally subsampled and wirelessly transmitted over an 802.15 ("zigbee"-like) Personal Area Network. The source location algorithms will be designed along with subcontractors at the Pennsylvania State University with expertise in seismic source location and characterization.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
George Zhao
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/4/2009
Title:Wireless Seismic/Acoustic Sensor Network for Ordna
Abstract:Low-order detonations and unexploded ordnance (UXO) present an extremely difficult and expensive problem for DoD range managers. Near-real-time detection, location, and characterization of ordnance is important so that the number of rounds fired, impact time, location, and level of detonation can be provided for addressing singular low order or UXO events and for devising fiscally optimal cleanup schedules and management criteria. We propose to address this problem by a combined wireless seismic and acoustic sensor array network approach. By detecting seismic and airborne acoustic waves generated by the ordnance impact, the location, level of detonation as well as classification of the dud can be achieved. Our approach will be very useful for both military and civilian applications such as range management, explosion detection and seismography of earthquake etc.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Ron Knobler
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Wireless Seismic and Acoustic Ordnance Impact Char
Abstract:McQ Inc. previously built and demonstrated an acoustic impact localization system to within 2m accuracy. As part of this effort, McQ developed an extensive explosion localization simulator to characterize expected system performance as well as determine key system parameters required to meet a given set of system performance requirements. During Phase I, McQ will enhance its simulator to account for environmental conditions such as wind, as well as develop the associated algorithms to accurately locate and classify variant explosions based on the performance requirements specified in the SBIR topic. At the end of Phase I, McQ will provide a complete set of system requirements and a concept of operations in which to build an ordnance impact characterization system that is low-cost, light-weight, small, easy to use, and operates on its own power supply continuously through the use of energy harvesting.

Quantum Technology Sciences, Inc.
1980 North Atlantic Avenue Suite 930
Cocoa Beach, FL 32931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 868-0288
Larry Sills
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Optimally Designed Wireless Seismic/Acoustic Ordna
Abstract:There is great need for safe, cost-effective methods to deal with the issue of unexploded ordnance (UXO) on mortar and artillery ranges. Quantum Technology Sciences, Inc. (QTSI) has been developing a Seismic-Acoustic Impact Monitoring Assessment (SAIMA) system for this purpose based on a wired design concept. Much of the development progress with this simpler wired system can be leveraged to develop conceptual designs for a wireless and more capable system. QTSI proposes to develop conceptual designs and evaluate deployment schemes to recommend optimal designs to build, field, and evaluate as prototype multi-array systems in Phase II that will meet stated performance requirements. This Phase I work will be accomplished by evaluating options for sensor hardware and firmware design improvements, algorithm improvements, and a new wireless network communications architecture with a compatible remote data processing station. QTSI will evaluate effects of multiple geophysical factors to gain a greater understanding of their effects for improving probability of detection, ordnance impact classification (high order detonation, low order detonation, or UXO), and location accuracy. Using QTSI’s Optimum Positioning of Sensors algorithm, options for deployment schemes will be evaluated to find optimal solutions for ranges of varying ordnance caliber and size.

Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 2481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
James T. Daly
ARMY 09-100      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Point and Stand-off Microwave-Induced Thermal Emis
Abstract:The Joint Services have a need for a short range, active stand-off capability to detect surface areas that may be contaminated with chemical, biological, or explosive (CBE) materials and to classify the nature of the contaminant. Recently, laser-induced thermal emission (LITE) measurements have shown promise for performing chemical analysis of thin layers on surfaces. We propose to conduct a series of systematic experiments to demonstrate the usefulness of transient thermal emission spectroscopy (TIRES) for detection of CBE materials on surfaces. Bodkin Design and Engineering has developed multi-spectral and hyperspectral imaging systems for wavebands from visible to long wavelength infrared (LWIR) and which are particularly suited to monitor transient events. In phase 1, we will determine the optimal settings (microwave heater power, dwell time, detection wavelength ranges, etc.) needed to maximize contrast between the surface contaminant and the underlying background and thereby maximize the probability of detection. The results will lead to a design for a breadboard prototype to be built in phase 2. In Phase 2, we will perform a comprehensive engineering design analysis of the prototype in order to predict baseline performance, project detection limits, and develop a set of preliminary Receiver Operational Characteristic (ROC) curves. We will then optimize the design, build it and test it using simulated CBE materials.

Kestrel Corporation
3815 Osuna Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 345-2327
Boyd Hunter
ARMY 09-100      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Differential Microwave Excitation Spectroscopy
Abstract:A novel spectroscopic technique is proposed to effect detection of chemical compounds. This novel active technique and associated hardware will be tested on appropriate simulants and Phase II hardware specifications generated.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Oakes
ARMY 09-100      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Stand-off Detection of Chemical, Biological and Explosive Material Surface Contamination by Thermal Emission
Abstract:In this proposal, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) outlines the development of a system for stand-off detection of chemical and biological warfare agents and explosive (CBE) materials on surfaces. The system includes an illumination source to heat and desorb thermolysis products of contaminants from the surface and a fast spectrometer to collect the resulting thermal emission signature. The identity of the contaminant is determined through real-time analysis of the emission spectrum against a library of spectra. The Phase I program focuses on measurements and modeling to assess and optimize the measurement approach. The intensity and temporal profile of the infra-red (2 - 12 micrometer) thermal emission signature will be characterized as a function of illumination wavelength and pulse width and energy. A thermal model will be developed to optimize the characteristics of the illumination system to maximize the thermal emission signature. A prototype instrument design will be developed and in Phase II, the prototype contamination monitor will be assembled and tested. The design goal for the Phase II system will be stand-off detection (50 meters) of CBE materials at surface loadings >=0.1 g/m^2 on any number of surface types such as concrete, plastic, steel and painted surfaces on buildings and vehicles.

Surface Optics Corporation
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
David B. Cavanaugh
ARMY 09-101      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Passive Standoff Detection of Chlorine
Abstract:The HyperSensor camera technology is a new imaging technology for multi/hyperspectral imaging technology developed recently at Surface Optics Corporation. This camera system is a compact solid-state staring multispectral imager that captures the information required to generate complete multispectral cubes with each focal plane exposure. The program proposed here will determine an optimized design for adapting the Hypersensor camera technology to the UV waveband, thereby producing a video rate camera for the detection and tracking of chlorine gas plumes. The Hypersensor includes an integrated real-time processor that analyzes the data as it is received from the camera. The proposed program will identify optimal algorithms for chlorine detection, and produce a preliminary design layout for a real time processor capable of running these algorithms.

Blacktoe Medical
12725 SW 66th Avenue Suite 205
Portland, OR 97223
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 636-6999
Scott Corbett
ARMY 09-102      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Application of Finger-Mounted Ultrasound Array Probes
Abstract:Ultrasound is a standard of care for Central Line Placement (CLP). Existing transducers are awkward to use or require a second clinician to image. Fast and easy to use ultrasound guidance is especially important for military applications where every minute can mean a saved life or salvaged limb. Combat use of ultrasound includes CLP, shrapnel detection, identification of bleeders and other injuries. Blacktoe has developed a finger- mounted ultrasound probe prototype. Premlinary work indicates modifications to our existing finger probe can address current issues with CLP. The overall objective of this proposal is to develop a finger mounted ultrasound array probe for vascular access procedures. This work includes detailed product specifications and the development of a working prototype. This work will leverage substantial prior effort. Blacktoe will conduct end user research utilizing our existing prototype and mockups with Trauma Surgeons, Anesthesiologists, Vascular Surgeons, PICC nurses in the settings where they perform line placement procedures. This work will include performing mock procedures on phantoms to understand workflow requirements and product requirements. Based on this research Blacktoe will develop a working prototype finger probe to address the requirements of vascular access procedures.

Farus, LLC
2416 Sand Hill Rd
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 346-4781
Rahul Singh
ARMY 09-102      Awarded: 11/15/2009
Title:Application of Finger-Mounted Ultrasound Array Probes
Abstract:Ultrasound guidance procedures, such as central line placement and needle biopsy, require considerable skill to precisely position a needle or catheter while simultaneously holding a transducer. Finger-mounted ultrasound transducer array probes may potentially improve the workflow requirements of ultrasound-guided techniques by allowing an unassisted operator to use one hand to image, palpate, immobilize, and assist with the line placement. Farus proposes to develop a flexible finger-mounted ultrasound transducer array that can provide high resolution imagery of vascular structures for needle guidance procedures. The transducer array, fabricated using novel proprietary polyimide-based microfabrication techniques, allows the transducer to conform to the body’s shape. The conformal nature of the finger-mounted array provides high angular coverage, and therefore a large field of view with multiple look angles. The proposed transducer arrays are to be low cost, disposable for sterile use, and detachable for hands-free use. Phase I will focus on (1) acoustic finite element modeling to assist in design of the transducer array architecture, (2) development of image reconstruction techniques that demonstrate the resolution and field of view requirements of the system, and (3) fabrication of a prototype transducer array.

ChromoLogic LLC
133 N. Altadena Dr., Ste 307
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Nicholas Booth
ARMY 09-103      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Surgical Debridement Assist Device
Abstract:In order to address the Army’s need for a handheld device capable of locating any foreign body as well as differentiate between viable and non-viable tissue, ChromoLogic LLC (CL) proposes to develop a Debridement And Vitality Assessment by Near Infrared Spectroscopy (DAVANIS) system. The non-imaging, miniature finger mounted device will extend the tactile senses of the surgeon up to 50mm into a wound region, enabling rapid detection of any non-viable moiety to within a few millimeter resolution. In Phase I, CL will build a complete system prototype and demonstrate the efficacy of the technology with phantom tissue models. During Phase II, CL will perform detailed animal testing at our partner GLP test facility and prepare to obtain regulatory approval for the device.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Leonid Bukshpun
ARMY 09-103      Awarded: 10/20/2009
Title:Optics-Based Surgical Debridement Assist Probe System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a surgical debridement assisting device, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Optics-based Surgical Debridement Assist Probe (OSAP) system based on active optothermal radiometry for detecting debris in tissue and hyperspectral imaging technology that spectrally delineates dead tissue. The innovation in OSAP system design enables the system to detect small foreign bodies (1/2 mm) within the tissue with a detection rate >95% at tissue depths of about 6 cm. The unique system design allows low-power operation, avoiding extensive electrical power requirements; and eliminates surgeon/video interaction and extensive operational training requirements for the surgeon. The OSAP device will result in major cost savings for the government in terms of reduced clinical complications. In Phase I, POC will (1) demonstrate the feasibility on an in vitro tissue phantom; (2) develop an engineering design; (3) assemble a proof-of-concept prototype; and (4) in the Option, develop a plan and protocol for performing preclinical work. At the end of Phase II, the OSAP system will satisfy the general safety requirements of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Shelters and IEC 60601-1 Medical Electrical Equipment, and attain sufficient maturity to apply for FDA approval and clinical trials.

FlexSys Inc.
2205 Commonwealth Blvd. Suite D
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 527-7020
Gregory Ervin
ARMY 09-104      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:High Performance Harmonic Actuator Using Piezo-Compliant Mechanism
Abstract:Modern robotic applications utilize a myriad of actuator types to meet the different task requirements. The primary actuator types include electric, hydraulic/pneumatic, Shape Memory Alloy, and piezoelectric. Most, if not all, current robotic actuation methods have limited power density for supplying the large forces, displacements, and bandwidths required. Electromechanical and hydraulic systems are examples of current high-torque low-speed solutions, but they add significant component complexity, and weight to meet the stringent load and rate requirements. Ideally, a high-torque and low-speed actuator with minimal cost, weight, and complexity would be favored for robotic applications. The power and bandwidth capability of a DC actuator is a good candidate, but the necessary addition of a gear head reduces the system power density. Likewise, piezoelectric stack actuators boast very high power density, but the available displacement is very limited. Therefore, FlexSys proposes development of a Harmonic Actuator, a novel high performance (high-torque and low-speed), high power density, and compact electrical actuator for demanding robotic applications.

QM Power, Inc.
4747 Troost Avenue
Kansas City, MO 64110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(816) 235-5054
Joseph Flynn
ARMY 09-104      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Improved Robot Actuator Motors for Medical Applications
Abstract:Medical robotic applications require numerous actuation devices that must be both lightweight and efficient. In the case of mobile medical robotics, Space, Weight, and Power efficiency (SWaP) are the key performance drivers for most designs. The objective of this proposal is to design and prototype a scalable high performance motor and actuator based upon technology called Parallel Magnetic Circuit (PMC). PMC technology excels at all of those key performance parameters and is easily applied to medical robotic arms.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0580
Curt Kothera
ARMY 09-104      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Improved Robot Actuator Motors for Medical Applications
Abstract:Due to the demanding requirements associated with operation in combat environments, unmanned robotic systems are working towards developing lighter weight systems without sacrificing performance. This requires high power-to-weight ratio actuation systems that can be scalable to various robotic devices and configurations. Conventional actuator motors and hydraulic manipulator arms are known to be unfavorably heavy, which can lead to a multitude of concerns for deployment. As such, Techno-Sciences, Inc., in collaboration with the University of Maryland, proposes to develop a technology centered on pneumatic artificial muscle actuation, which features high strength and light weight. Building upon our extensive experience and related patent portfolio, we will perform analyses and design work in Phase I of the project that will lead into a full prototype actuator demonstration in Phase II.

InBios International
562 1st Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5823
Stan Morkowski
ARMY 09-105      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Developing a Point-of-Care Diagnostic Assay for Leptospirosis
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field deployable, and a cost effective rapid screening assay for the detection of Leptospirosis infection caused by Leptospira pathogens using human blood and sera. The test will utilize a lateral flow based immunochromatographic system (dipstick). The proposed assay would be very useful screening tool to assess leptospirosis infection in the fields, in remote areas, and on how complexity situation. Such a test would facilitate diagnosis and treatment for military personnel presenting febrile illness. A rapid assay would also help in Leptospirosis eradication programs. In this Phase I study we will develop/acquire antibody and antigen reagents for use in development of prototype Leptospirosis detection assays. We will then construct prototype assay that will be evaluated using archived samples from infected individuals. Further development of the assay would take place in a phase II proposal

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
ARMY 09-105      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Leptospirosis Detection Dipstick
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a handheld, field-usable assay capable of diagnosing leptospiral disease in soldiers, resulting in early treatment with the appropriate antibiotic, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Leptospirosis Detection Dipstick (LDD). The LDD is a handheld device based on a combination of lateral flow immunochromatography, lab-on-chip principles, and microarray technology. The LDD dipstick will rapidly (20 min) detect both pathogenic leptospira antigen and Immunoglobulin M (IgM) to the pathogens in a blood sample. The LDD will be a sensitive, portable, easy-to- use (one-step protocol), and inexpensive device with at least 85% of the sensitivity and specificity of current gold-standard assays. The device will use heat-stable reagents, have no special storage requirements, and require no power to operate. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the LDD by fabricating a prototype and demonstrating its capability to identify pathogenic leptospira antigen and specific IgM spiked into blood specimen and buffer, respectively; followed by delivery of a single lot of 100 prototype assays to the Contracting Officer Representative (COR) to be evaluated in a government laboratory. In Phase II, POC will provide up to 3 initial lots of 250 prototype assays each to the COR.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Mehran Pazirandeh
ARMY 09-107      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Malarial Vaccines Utilizing Antigen/Adjuvant Display on Viral-Like Particles
Abstract:Development of an effective malarial vaccine has been slow, although recent success in vaccine development has been achieved by using the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite surface protein (CSP)-hepatitis B surface antigen fusions, in conjunction with hepatitis B particles (the RTS, S formulation). The results of these studies suggest the potential of improved malarial vaccines by use of the viral-like particle (VLP)-linked immunogen approach. The VLP technology is being utilized for the development of vaccines for a variety of diseases. Agave BioSystems proposes to develop a novel platform for development of malarial vaccines consisting of a VLP displayed malarial antigen/adjuvant based on the Norwalk virus (NV) capsid protein. The NV-VLP will be engineered to express a candidate antigen in combination with a peptide adjuvant. These VLPs will be characterized, purified and delivered for testing of efficacy to stimulate cellular and humoral immune responses.

Vital Probes, Inc.
1300 Old Plank Road
Mayfield, PA 18433
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 281-2505
Vito G. DelVecchio
ARMY 09-107      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:GeMI-Vax as a multi-life stage malaria vaccine
Abstract:New methods for simultaneous presentation and immune stimulation of malarial antigens are needed in order to rapidly progress promising antigens into efficacious vaccines. Platforms that present antigen to the immune system in a particulate manner that mimics the structure of a natural pathogen may improve the effectiveness of a vaccine. Many forms of particles exist for vaccine presentation including adsorption of recombinant vaccine antigen onto adjuvant material, and formation of virus-like particles. In this proposal we demonstrate that Gene-Mediated Inactivated Vaccines (GeMI-Vax) made from Gram-negative bacteria serve as "viral-like" particles for antigen delivery and contain intrinsic immunostimulatory capabilities. Specifically, the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) antigen from Plasmodium berghii was expressed on the surface and in the periplasmic space of Eschericia coli. GeMI-Vax-CSP vaccines were demonstrated to induce CSP- specific immune responses and sterile protection in a live P. berghii mouse model of malaria challenge. These results demonstrate that GeMI-Vax can serve as vaccine particles and immunostimulants for the induction of protective immune responses to CSP and likely to other malaria vaccine antigens. Thus, the objective of this Phase I proposal is to develop GeMI-Vax with various malarial antigens into a multi-life stage vaccine product for human use.

Biosearch Technologies, Inc
81 Digital Drive
Novato, CA 94949
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 883-8400
Jerry L. Ruth
ARMY 09-108      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Development and Commercialization of Analyte Specific Reagents (ASRs) for the Diagnosis of Selected Arthropod-Borne Viruses on FDA-Cleared Real-time P
Abstract:Phase I will develop multiple combinations of qRT-PCR primers and probes for some of six diseases of military importance: Dengue, Rift Valley Fever, Chikungunya, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Sandfly Fever, and Tick-Borne Encephalitis. Based on known sequence information from the literature and contacts at disease labs, probes and primer pairs will be designed and synthesized for testing; expected probe formats include hydrolysis probes, scorpions, and molecular beacons. Positive control plasmids containing target amplicon sequences will be designed, synthesized, and sequence- verified. Assays will be optimized for cycle profile, magnesium concentration, presence of competing nucleic acids, melting temperature, and gels to verify predicted amplicon length. Specificity and sensitivity will be established. Final probes and primer pairs will be provided to a Army Testing Lab for evaluation against disease targets. Acceptable probes and primers will be manufactured under cGMP, and a minimum of 100 vials of at least one analyte assay provided to the military for testing; if successful, the expectation is assays for three of the six diseases by the end of Phase I Option.

Calbiotech, Inc
10461 AUSTIN DR STE D
SPRING VALLEY, CA 91978
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 660-6162
Noori Barka
ARMY 09-108      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Development Analyte Specific Reagents for Dengue Virus
Abstract:Dengue virus is a mosquito born flavivirus that represents a major threat to military forces deployed to tropical areas of the world. Due to its worldwide distribution, US military and civilian personnel deployed overseas are at high risk of being infected. The global prevalence of Dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades, spreading from 9 to some 40 countries. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-east Asia and the Western Pacific. Not only is the number of cases increasing as the disease is spreading to new areas, but explosive outbreaks are occurring. As U.S. military come increasingly in contact with the disease, the need for rapid detection capabilities becomes increasingly apparent. In Phase I, Calbiotech proposes to develop Analyte Specific Reagents (ASRs) for the detection of Dengue virus.

Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
Hammonds South, Unit Q 611 North Hammonds Ferry Road
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 636-9350
Dennis Kohlhafer
ARMY 09-109      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Lightweight, Modular, High-Rate Data Recorder
Abstract:Active Signal Technologies proposes to develop a compact, modular, high-rate data recorder that will record high quality data from an entire exposure event. The design will use hardware logic and single-port, static volatile random-access memory to minimize power required. The system will have a microcontroller that will be in standby mode until an event occurs and will remain on only for the time it takes to transfer the event record to non-volatile memory and to re-initialize the hardware logic and SRAM. In Phase I Active Signal will create a design schematic and evaluate component performance including critical timing functions, so that in the Phase-I Option it can fabricate and test a benchtop prototype. This will enable the first compact prototype circuit layout and packaging design to be created, ready for fabrication in Phase II. Phase I will also include developing a work plan for subsequent human testing; submission of regulatory documents to execute such testing in Phase II; and delivering a report on proposed hardware and software design and prototype test plan.

Diversified Technical Systems, Inc.
909 Electric Ave Suite 206
Seal Beach, CA 90740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 493-0158
Mike Beckage
ARMY 09-109      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Personnel High Rate Data Recorder
Abstract:To improve protection for military personnel, exposure to potential injury needs to be recorded. Typically such environments occur during realistic training and operations where harsh environments such as blast or impulse noise create unique challenges to the collection of high-quality data. Existing methods using umbilical cabling or wires, heavy/bulky equipment and/or close-range wireless transmission require prediction or the control of personnel activities and are not practical in training and mission operations. There is no existing design that can record high quality data from an entire event that occurs at an unknown time and place during training or mission operations. The overall objective of the Phase I effort is to design, build and test an initial prototype design that demonstrates the capability of collecting data from at least three channels at 1 MHz sampling per channel. The design should be small, lightweight, low power, robust, modular, with sufficient memory to record ten complete time-series events of at least 1 second and wearable without interfering with safety. The architecture will allow the addition of three-channel modules and interconnecting multiple systems to further expand the channel count.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Patrick Kalgren
ARMY 09-110      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Electronic Blast Level Alert Sensing Technique (eBLAST)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with Allen Vanguard Corporation proposes a small disposable sensing system for dynamic pressure wave exposure seen by deployed soldiers. The proposed system will serve to reduce safety risks by accurately and quickly assessing the blast exposure level of personnel. Current sensors are directional dependant and therefore vary output with relation to sensor orientation. Impact proposes a piezoelectric based Omni-directional sensor to remove sensor direction as a limitation to the measured blast exposure level. The system will also provide adjustable thresholds to allow thresholds to be reconfigured as additional blast research is conducted. Key tasks of this Phase I effort include: 1) Development of a sensor to accurately measure blast exposure level; 2) Determine appropriate sensor placement to create Omni-directional measurement coverage; 3) Development of the data processing for correlation between measured sensor output and blast exposure level; 4) development of two mock-up sensors that will be used for demonstration of developed blast sensor technology.

Simbex
10 Water Street Suite 410
Lebanon, NH 03766
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 448-2367
Jeffrey Chu
ARMY 09-110      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Personnel Borne Blast Dosimeter
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) or mild TBI (mTBI) resulting from direct impact or indirectly from blast waves represents a significant threat to personnel in combat or blast intensive training environments. Due to the complexity of brain injuries, onset of symptoms may not occur immediately or be initially identifiable, posing a potential threat to both the injured soldier and surrounding personnel. Direct measurement of key biomechanical head impact variables from these blasts or impacts in real combat situations has been significantly limited by the measurement, storage and power technologies available in the correct form factor. Furthermore, traditional approaches of data collection and post- processing are too limited (i.e. not enough memory, too large and expensive) and time consuming to provide clinically relevant information that can be used by medics for treatment decisions. The purpose of this SBIR proposal is to develop the Head Injury Dosimeter (HID) - a low-cost, retrofittable, unobstrusive, and fieldable solution for continuous monitoring and alerting of potentially injurious threats to the head from blasts or direct impacts.

Biosearch Technologies, Inc
81 Digital Drive
Novato, CA 94949
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 883-8025
Jerry Ruth
ARMY 09-111      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Development and Commercialization of Analyte Specific Reagents (ASRs) for the Diagnosis of Rickettsial Diseases on FDA- cleared Real-time PCR Platforms
Abstract:Phase I will develop multiple combinations of qRT-PCR primers and probes for some of the causative agents of six diseases with military importance: rickettsia, murine and scrub typhus, spotted fever, anaplasmosis, ehrlichioses, and Q fever. Based on known sequence information from the literature and contacts at disease labs, probes and primer pairs will be designed and synthesized for testing; expected probe formats include hydrolysis probes, scorpions, and molecular beacons. Positive control plasmids containing target amplicon sequences will be designed, synthesized, and sequence- verified. Assays will be optimized for cycle profile, magnesium concentration, presence of competing nucleic acids, melting temperature, and gels to verify predicted amplicon length. Specificity and sensitivity will be established. Final probes and primer pairs will be provided to a Army Testing Lab for evaluation against disease targets. Acceptable probes and primers will be manufactured under cGMP, and a minimum of 100 vials of at least one analyte assay provided to the military for testing; if successful, the expectation is assays for three of the six agents by the end of Phase I Option.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr
Stow, MA 01775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 298-5365
Arnis Mangolds
ARMY 09-112      Awarded: 12/30/2009
Title:Dual Purpose Handgrenade with Enhanced Non-Lethal and Lethal Effects
Abstract:The Tunable Effects Grenade (TEG) program examines several means of achieving multiple effects from the same hand tossed grenade. The preferred option is a sleeved system that allows the user to manually twist off a shrapnel wrap, a vented shield similar to present stun grenades, or both exposing a can of IM deflagrating fill. Conventional fuzing can be used without modification minimizing the logistical costs and approval process. Improvements to the shrapnel provide greater range and a lensing option provides a focused concentration of shrapnel. A bounding option is also suggested.

PACIFIC BLUE INNOVATIONS
3651 Via Bernardo
Oceanside, CA 92056
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 775-9363
Gary Abramov
ARMY 09-112      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Dual Purpose Handgrenade with Enhanced Non-Lethal and Lethal Effects
Abstract:Pacific Blue Innovations proposes to develop a concept for a dual purpose hand grenade which will operate selectively in a Non-Lethal and a Lethal modes. The grenade offers a fast and simple field conversion from an intrinsic Non-Lethal Mode to a Lethal one. In one configuration the grenade is made deliverable by a grenade launcher.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
James Gorman
ARMY 09-112      Awarded: 12/18/2009
Title:Modular, Multi-Mode Hand Grenade Using Tailored Thermobarics (1001-396)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc., in combination with the NAMMO Talley, proposes to develop a modular multi-mode hand grenade that combines a user separable charge system (analogous to mortar charge increments) with tailored thermobaric explosives to provide a wide range of effects from non-lethal and low collateral damage to enhanced destructive potential. As in mortar charge increments, each grenade is supplied with approximately four increments and those not wanted for the current application are removed prior to use. We envision each grenade supplied with one “flash-bang” or low intensity thermobaric increment, as well as two high intensity thermobarics and possibly one conventional HE increment to achieve a wide spectrum of potential effects. The grenade will be sized to approximate the ubiquitous M18/M83 series of smoke/signal grenades, so that existing logistics and training facilities and procedures may be used to the greatest extent possible. Extensive experience has shown that the average soldier can throw this grenade more than 30 meters, which will place the user well outside the danger envelope unless a fragmentation sleeve is used, in which case the user will throw the grenade from cover as in normal defensive grenade operations.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Barry Jones
ARMY 09-113      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Advanced Low Power Personnel/Vehicle Detecting Radar for Smart Unattended Ground Sensor/Munition Systems
Abstract:McQ Inc. and the University of Florida have previously developed a micro-radar suitable for use as a detection modality for unattended ground sensor (UGS) systems. This work has focused on using advanced signal processing for high probability of detection, low false alarm rate and target classification for the UGS application. The radar is very small and lightweight and has been integrated into the OmniSense7 family of UGS sensors. It has already demonstrated the detection and classification performance required for this application. In its current form it consumes only 2 watts while operating. For this SBIR project we will improve the performance of this system in two areas: power consumption and chip-scale integration. We will revise the electronics hardware, operational firmware and operational modalities to further reduce the operating power to 1 watt or less using techniques that have been developed for OmniSense7 and made it the industry leader in low power operation for high performance UGS systems. We will also reduce the size, weight, cost and power consumption further by migrating the design into FPGA=s and other programmable logic devices using techniques that McQ has reduced to practice in many of its other sensor and UGS programs.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 396-4458
Gerald Coles
ARMY 09-113      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Advanced low-power personnel/vehicle detecting radar for smart unattended ground sensor/munition systems
Abstract:Mustang proposes to begin with its existing VIPER radar, which meets the performance requriements, and take a four-tiered approach to reducing power consumption while maintaining performance. Mustang has successfully followed a similar low-risk approach when reducing the power consumption of previous products.

Evisive, Inc.
8867 Highland Rd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 962-0658
Karl Schmidt
ARMY 09-114      Awarded: 10/7/2009
Title:Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) for Non-Destructive Test/Non-Destructive Inspection/Non-Destructive Evaluation/Non-Destructive Test Evaluation (NDT/NDI
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop, demonstrate, and field a Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI) Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) for field units and depot to utilize in inspecting and/or repairing compo-site rotor blades. The NDI-ATE is to be field portable, provide results in near real time, with an automated assessment capability for field use and a detailed assessment capability for depot use in conjunction with maintenance and repair activities. The NDI-ATE will use Evisive Scan microwave interferometry and other NDI technologies as appropriate to achieve the combined automated and detailed NDI objectives. This will include inspection of the composite material structures and (using commercially available NDI technology) inspection of metallic components. This initiative is to develop, demonstrate, and field an affordable and reliable NDI-ATE device to determine structural health of composite rotor blades. It will demonstrate feasibility (Phase I), develop a functional prototype unit (Phase II) and implement a commercial program to field a fully airworthy system (Phase III).

JENTEK Sensors, Inc.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Robert Lyons
ARMY 09-114      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Capacitive Array Technology for Composite Rotor Blade NDI
Abstract:Composite rotor blades are susceptible to a variety of damage mechanisms, including voids, delaminations, disbonds, impact and battle damage, matrix cracking and water intrusion. Current inspection practices do not provide adequate levels of sensitivity to defect conditions, cannot provide reliable defect identification and are subjective in nature, resulting in increased operating and maintenance costs. Improved nondestructive test methods are needed that can be integrated into automated test equipment to produce 3-D images of defects and internal blade conditions. This proposed Phase I program will address composite rotor blade NDI by introducing a new inspection capability based on advanced capacitive array technology. This technology offers unique capability for glass fiber reinforced polymers such as those used in rotor blades and has demonstrated capability to detect relevant defects in relatively nonconducting composite materials. JENTEK is currently developing capacitive array technology for ceramic matrix composites under a Navy Phase II program and for imaging density and thickness of asphalt paving under a program administered by the National Academy of Sciences. This proposed program will leverage on-going funding to demonstrate feasibility of a rapid, capacitive 3- D imaging solution for surface and internal defects in composite rotor blades.

OKOS SOLUTIONS, LLC
1401 WEST IDAHO STREET
BOISE, ID 83702
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 345-1898
Curt Rideout
ARMY 09-114      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:Deep Focus, Multi-Zone Inspection Capability for Automated Acoustic Microscope Inspections in the Field
Abstract:Aging and newer composite aircraft fleets have led to the need for advanced damage detection systems. Inspections for damage in the field are limited due to equipment capability, size/weight, automation challenges, human error and disassembly issues. A portable, lightweight, robust inspection system powered by an user-friendly, automated software system, with remote scanning capability, could improve the current field inspection challenges faced today. OKOS Solutions proposes an advanced inspection capability that has the potential to provide significant improvement in composite and metallic damage detection in the Field/Depot level environment through patented “lensing” of the acoustic signal. This could provide for a significant increase in the depth of field scanned, in a single scan in materials; along with an increase in the resolution of the return information. The technology could potentially remove the inherent issues with multiple scanning and errors associated with repositioning, as the single Deep Focus/Multi-Zone scan would have a single reference with all “layers” of the scans within one data base. The developed OKOS software technology is designed to effectively “peel” away the layers within a single scan, within the scanned volume of material, and be fully automated. Operator set-up and knowledge are minimized for an effective inspection.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Robert M. McKillip, Jr.
ARMY 09-115      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Flight-Rated Fault-Tolerant Rotor State Sensor
Abstract:A novel system for the measurement of rotor states is proposed for development, to be used as part of a control system in the support of advanced helicopter (and tiltrotor) handling qualities and flight dynamics improvements. The design builds on extensive prior rotor instrumentation work that has supported numerous wind tunnel testing research programs, but adds robustness and fault-tolerant features permitting its use as part of a man-rated flight control system. Key to the rotor state measurement approach is the use of on-blade acceleration measurements that provide enhanced tracking performance in the rotor state estimator, and the capability to incorporate a simple algorithm in the processing of raw sensor signals. Robustness is provided through the implementation of the estimator in individual microprocessors co-located with the instrumentation on each blade, thus permitting the use of voting schemes for handling degraded sensor signals or other system faults. The proposed workplan addresses the technical challenges associated with converting this concept to a functional and reliable piece of man-rated flight hardware.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Richard Hreha
ARMY 09-116      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Pressurized Forward Osmosis for Man-Portable Desal
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) will investigate new techniques for efficient portable desalination devices with high product flow rates. CRG will utilize forward osmosis (FO) technology to increase the efficiency of current reverse osmosis (RO) powered devices. FO systems maintain several advantages over RO systems including passive desalination and minimal membrane fouling. By combining features from both RO and FO desalination devices, the effluent flow rate can be greatly increased. The proposing team''s track record of innovation of new materials positions CRG for successful implementation of a portable desalination device meeting the Army’s operational needs.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
ARMY 09-116      Awarded: 1/19/2010
Title:Portable Electric Capacitive Desalination
Abstract:To address the Army need for a man portable desalinator, supporting the Individual Soldier On-The-Move Hydration system, and compatible with the currently employed modular lightweight load-bearing equipment pack (MOLLE), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Portable Electric Capacitive Desalination (PECAD) system, based on the separation of salts from water by the alternating electric polarization of porous electrodes (capacitive deionization), producing drinkable water that exceeds the quality standards outlined in the U.S. Army guidelines. The system will weigh less than 2.5 lb, including a battery pack, with the batteries in a volume less than 100 in.^3. Its operation is automatic and self-recharging, using only natural sourced brackish water supplied at the device’s inlet. The simple design of the device and absence of any high-pressure components guarantees low manufacture cost and long lifetime. In Phase I, POC will build a benchtop prototype for evaluating the desalination efficiency of this approach. Experience gained from these tests will be utilized in constructing an optimized deployable prototype in Phase II.

Agile Nanotech, Inc.
11025 Roselle St., #100
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 692-2128
Douglas Giese
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 1/12/2010
Title:Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Mitigating Helmet Pad
Abstract:AgileNano™ and GENTEXŽ, the manufacturer of 1/3 of the ACHs in the field, propose a revolutionary, breathable helmet pad system to mitigate TBI and dramatically decrease thermal burden. Our Phase I demonstration will combine four types of protection into a single lightweight, integrated suspension pad system to mitigate both blast shock front and concussive injuries while greatly improving Warfighter comfort and performance. The first layer of AgileNano-GENTEX system will cradle the head and promote air flow, wick away perspiration and prevent the growth of odor causing bacteria. Next, the Flowair™ concussive protection layer, combines a mechanically strengthened, strain-rate sensitive, density gradient, polyurethane foam reinforced by a tetrahedral lattice truss textile system, with a low density shear thickening material (LDSTM) to meet the 17 fps/150 G blunt trauma requirement while promoting cooling airflow. LDSTM has already demonstrated impact attenuation of 61 Gs at 10 ft/sec. in drop tower testing. The percussive protective, outermost part of the pad system will use AgileNano’s AgileZorb™, a revolutionary nanotechnology-based, blast energy absorbing material. AgileZorb™ reacts quickly enough to smoothen and lower the supersonic shock front and was recently shown by the Navy to reduce transmitted blast pressures by 75% to 90%.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4943
Dr. X. G Tan
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Functionally Graded Energy Absorbing Military Helmet Pads for Protection Against mTBI
Abstract:Military helmets are designed based on costly and time consuming laboratory ballistic tests, firing range data, and forensic data. Until now advanced computational modeling tools have not been adequately utilized in the design and optimization of military helmets. The overall objective of this project is to develop a mild traumatic brain injury mitigating pad by integrating high-fidelity Finite Element Model (FEM)-based computational tools and experimental testing. The integrated experimental and computational models will be used to study the blunt impact effect on the low-density energy absorbing materials and the dynamic responses of the skull and brain. The numerical model will be validated against experimental data involving drop test, biomechanical response of head phantom. The computational tools will optimize the helmet pad design with a multi-parametric design window: variable material composition, layer thickness, multiple impact behavior, impact rate and others. The sample pad based on the numerical analysis will be fabricated and subjected to the impact tests. In Phase II we will develop the new material system for the helmet pads, and demonstrate that the developed materials reduce the risk of brain injury in both impact tests and shock tube tests. The integrated hardware/software framework will be delivered to the Army.

Team Wendy, LLC
17000 Saint Clair Avenue Building 1
Cleveland, OH 44110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 738-2518
Ron Szalkowski
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Mitigating Helmet Pad
Abstract:There is a pressing need to improve protection against brain injuries amongst our troops with Traumatic Brain Injury considered the signature injury of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Potential sources of mild Traumatic Brain Injury include both blunt impact and blast pressure waves (shock-fronts). This research will focus on the development of new polyurethane foam systems that build on the performance characteristics of the proprietary foam used in the current Team Wendy helmet pads. These performance characteristics will include quasi-static and dynamic compressive stress-strain across a range of strain rates and temperatures as well as blast pressure mitigation though shock- tube experiments. These material properties will be optimized through reformulation of the foam system to achieve performance closer to theoretically ideal. In addition to these polyurethane foam systems two additional routes will be considered; foams enhanced with shear-thickening-fluids and new thiol-ene and thiol-urethane/urea based energy absorbing materials. The potential for increased rate sensitivity of foams enhanced with shear-thickening-fluids will be determined through dynamic and static compression tests. The potential performance benefits of new thiol-ene and thiol-urethane/urea based energy absorbing materials will be determined through comparison of dynamic thermomechanical properties to those of the polyurethane foam systems.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 2140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5936
Richard Stringfellow
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:TPE Honeycomb Materials System for ACH Helmet Pads
Abstract:TIAX proposes the development of a helmet pad system based on the use of thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) honeycomb structures optimized through materials characterization, simulations of system behavior, and dynamic testing. A shortcoming of existing helmet pads is that they are composed of open cell foam, a material with the same mechanical response in all loading directions. However, when used as helmet pads, the material will be primarily subjected to transverse compression. This knowledge can be leveraged to further improve the pad design, tailoring the anisotropy of the material system to optimize the response of the pads in transverse compression. TIAX believes that honeycomb structures composed of thermoplastic elastomers represent the ideal system for helmet pads/liners for the following reasons: (1) the honeycomb structure has optimal material utilization for transverse compression with a high performance-to-weight ratio; (2) thermoplastic elastomers can be selected for optimal dissipation characteristics in the desired range of strain rates and temperatures; (3) the material deformation is highly recoverable and the system is ideally suited for multiple (repeated) impact performance; (4) required manufacturing processes are inexpensive and well established. We are confident that the proposed approach will allow us to develop a protection system with optimal performance.

Loki, Incorporated
12596 Whipporwill Rd
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 239-6944
Sergey Shkuratov
ARMY 09-118      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Ultra Compact Energy Efficient High Voltage Switches for Switching Very Small Energy Stores
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create two new types of ultra-compact, energy efficient, high voltage switches. These switches will be used to deliver the energy from power supplies that store very small (0.5-5 J) amounts of prime energy to loads of different types. es. The overall dimensions of switches of both types will not exceed 20 mm. The operating voltage depends on the design and materials, and it can be gradually set from 10 to 150 kV. The energy consumption of the switches will be 50 mJ, maximum, at 150 kV operating voltage. The switches will function properly with both explosive-driven and conventional pulsed power systems, and they will withstand high g-force loads. The technology of their manufacturing can be well established. There will be no expensive parts and materials in the switches, and their cost will be very low.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-3642
Frank Rose
ARMY 09-118      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Ultra Compact Energy Efficient High Voltage Switches for Switching Very Small Energy Stores
Abstract:Radiance proposes to create a low loss critical power conditioning element, a miniature switch, which is integral to munitions capable of generating electronic kill mechanisms in addition to blast and impact damage. Inherent in the switch is the requirement that they must be capable of sustaining severe g-loading, meet stringent efficiency and volume requirements, and have appropriate shelf life. We are unaware of any ultra-compact, low loss, miniature switch, approximately 1 inch diameter , that can function in an explosive- driven, pulsed-power system capable of hundreds kilovolts output voltage at hundreds of megawatts power levels. We propose to develop two unique switch concepts, one based on a miniature detonator to shock a dielectric insulator to conductivity and a second hermetically sealed gas switch that have the potential to meet the stated requirements. These switches could be enabling for many of the advanced DoD non-conventional warheads. The switch design concepts envision a completely self-contained, inert-until- used switch with requisite energy store for switching. It is possible to build ultra compact single shot/multiple shot switches that are compact, efficient, and inexpensive. These units have applications in impulse radar, flash x-ray systems, high-power RF systems, and as overvoltage protection in sensitive electronics.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Jon Geske
ARMY 09-119      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Scalable Coherent High Power Vertical Cavity Diode Laser Array
Abstract:Aerius proposes a Mutually Injection Locked VCSEL Array (MIL-VCSEL) system architecture to achieve a scalable 100kW coherently phased diode laser array. Aerius’ approach addresses the historic challenges with coherently phased beam combining of large-format diode laser and VCSEL arrays. The proposed approach improves upon the narrow injection locking range deficiencies of most VCSEL designs and requires no moving parts or dynamic stabilization. Aerius’ approach eliminates the impact of growth rate variation across the entire VCSEL wafer and also eliminates the impact of the thermal gradient across the packaged 2-D VCSEL array. This will ultimately allow for 100 kW VCSELs arrays to be housed in a single package with electrical serial interconnections and with all the pixels in the array within the injection locking range under high power operation. The simplicity of Aerius’ MIL-VCSEL supercavity approach will allow for 50% efficient operation and system level power scaling to 100kW. Aerius’ VCSELs have demonstrated the efficiency and polarization control necessary for the approach to be successful.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 713-5230
Paul Leisher
ARMY 09-119      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Coherent High Power Diode Laser Array
Abstract:In this proposal, nLight and its collaborator, Prof. Kent Choquette, of the University of Illinois, seek to directly address limiting factors which have prevented the development of coherent high power diode laser arrays. The proposed approach leverages a novel method of fabricating in-phase coherently-coupled VCSEL arrays combined with high power packaging based on microchannel cooler technology. The laser design utilizes high density gain pixilation introduced by small proton-implanted current confinement apertures. What makes this approach fundamentally different than the others before it is this gain pixilation is performed with little-to-no optical loss introduced between adjacent emitters. This allows the arrays to lock up in the preferred in-phase supermode (with on- axis intensity peak in the far-field), without the need to individually address and control relative phasing of constituent emitters. These high-density coherent VCSEL arrays will then be In-soldered to Cu microchannel coolers, and power scaling can then be achieved by simply scaling the area of the array, with preliminary calculations suggesting powers as high as 1 kW are realizable from a 1 cm x 1 cm chip.

Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Robert Taylor
ARMY 09-120      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Deployable Articulating Array for Nanosatellites
Abstract:The proposed innovation is targeted at inexpensive and operationally responsive nanosatellite platforms with a total stowed volume of 32cm x 20cm x 20cm or less. Such technologies currently suffer from limited functionality due to undesirable power constraints. The proposed innovation is an articulating deployable nanosatellite array. When used as a solar array, the structural innovation allows an order of magnitude increase in power generation over the state of the art from 5 to 50 Watts. The articulating array provides two problem-solving characteristics. 1) It allows a large area of arrays to be stowed into a thin and unobtrusive volume surrounding the spacecraft bus. 2) Using a novel solid-state (non-motorized) actuator, it articulates the array about a single axis. The articulation is provided by a simple and energy efficient solid-state (i.e. no motors) actuation mechanism. This allows the spacecraft configuration to be optimized for two or more simultaneous tasks. For example, an RF antenna rigidly attached to the spacecraft bus could be maintained in a nadir pointing configuration while the solar arrays are maintained in a solar pointing configuration by the proposed articulating deployable array structure.

Tethers Unlimited, Inc.
11711 N. Creek Pkwy S., Suite D113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 486-0100
Jeffrey Slostad
ARMY 09-120      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Lightweight Nanosatellite Deployable Array
Abstract:We propose to develop a lightweight deployable array to enable nanosatellite-scale spacecraft to reliably deploy large-area solar arrays and antenna arrays to enable these small satellites to perform missions requiring high power and/or high gain communications. Although launch opportunities for smaller scale spacecraft are becoming much more common, the supporting subsystems required to utilize these options for anything more than a quick technology demonstration have proven to be challenging. The low powers and small antenna apertures currently available for nanosatellite scale systems restrict the mission utility of these platforms. Providing large deployable arrays for power and communications on small spacecraft is a challenging task, requiring specialized and refined techniques. We have identified two candidate structures for lightweight deployable arrays suitable for nanosatellite applications. Both concepts rely on familiar structural concepts, but incorporate significant modifications to enable their application to smaller scales. In the Phase I we will perform design and analysis to identify the option with the best balance of cost, mass, and performance. We will then build a full-scale proof-of-concept prototype to verify reliable deployment and mechanical performance.

NxGen Electronics Inc.
9771 Clairemont Mesa Blvd. Suite A
San Diego, CA 92124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 707-9977
Stephie Althouse
ARMY 09-121      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Rapid Identification of Ordnance and IED Materials
Abstract:The Quantum Fingerprint technology is a novel and exciting sensor technology that combines high trace species detection sensitivities with high degree of species selectivity in a small, low power, low noise,solid state platform. It is inherently versatile and can be made to be very rugged and reliable. Interfaces with available GPS and wireless communications are provided depending on the preferences of the user. NxGen Electronics Inc is partnering with US Semiconductor and in collaboration of University of Missouri. This proposal addresses the need for rapidly identifying and sourcing Ordnance and IED materials including the place of manufacture and origin of IED components. Both commonality and differences between IED components can be determined to identify source and relationship to unknown IED manufacture. The system is designed to be used in broad range of military and civilian applications where identification of bomb components is critical. Rapid interdiction and neutralization of international terroist groups and the security in industrial facilities can be enhanced with a high degree of certainty.

SimQuest, LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Dwight Meglan
ARMY 09-122      Awarded: 10/20/2009
Title:HemSim - Hemostatic Agent Hemorrhage Control Simulator
Abstract:Control of hemorrhage not amenable to tourniquets and/or pressure dressings is critical to combat casualty care at point of wounding. Disseminating the knowledge of when/how to use hemostatic agents and learning the physical skills to effectively apply them in conjunction with other hemorrhage-control skills are top tactics/techniques/practice (TTP) priorities. SimQuest proposes to develop a system using computational simulation of bleeding coupled with display and sensing technologies to enable practice in applying hemostatic agents with any type of physical training surrogate. This solution will make available low-cost, realistic hemorrhage-control training that will include application of real or surrogate dressings, bandages, hemostatic agents (granular and impregnated bandages) and computation of their resulting influence upon wound bleeding behavior. This will provide a more realistic approach to training than currently used, help eliminate the need for animal models and, if used with an intelligent tutoring system, could decrease the number of instructors needed to maintain effective learning outcomes. Further, quantitative performance measures will be generated by the system to allow uniform, objective assessment of trainee proficiency across instructors and institutions.

Simulution, Inc.
211 River Ridge Circle Suite 104
Burnsville, MN 55337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 895-6165
Bruce Anderson
ARMY 09-122      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:A Validated Hemorrhage Control Simulator
Abstract:Simulution, the National Capital Area Simulation Center and Combat Medical Systems Inc., propose to produce a realistic simulator for training combat medics to control hemorrhage from the chest, abdomen and groin. This simulator will consist of a mannequin that has a durable base with replaceable blood vessels, organs and skin pads. Organs will be created with pre-made injuries or the trainer can cut uninjured simulated organs to create injuries that cause varying degrees of hemorrhage. A hydraulic circulatory system will perfuse the organs with artificial blood at a controllable flow rate to simulate hemorrhaging injuries of varying severity. The skin pads will contain embedded beads of artificial blood to provide realistic surface bleeding. An artificial blood will be chosen in concert with a simulated hemostatic agent that will cause the artificial blood to harden and clot. This agent will be impregnated in gauze and packaged in simulated packages of Combat Gauze. This simulator and its associated curriculum will allow combat medics to learn to control bleeding using simple first aid techniques as well as advanced techniques including hemostatic agents, when to abandon one treatment and move to another, and how to chose from different hemorrhage control techniques during combat.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4750
Bob Pokorny
ARMY 09-123      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Architecture to Support Interactive Training Simulation
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and our collaborators propose to apply IAI’s CybeleTM agent-based system to develop an architecture that supports interactive, training simulations on supercomputers. The CybeleTM agent based system already incorporates many of the characteristics required for an effective middleware for executing simulations on supercomputers: CybeleTM is inherently distributed and may be hosted on each of the nodes in the supercomputer cluster; it supports threads of parallel activity, and it interacts between components (agents) by passing messages. To develop this architecture, we will (1) work with UCF/IST supercomputer scientists to understand characteristics of their supercomputer; (2) work with designers and developers of simulation based training system to understand their requirements and limitations when using standard computers; (3) design an architecture that meets the requirements of interactive training simulations; and (4) begin to implement the architecture for a specific training system. The option and Phase II would complete implementations of the architecture for interactive training systems. We foresee inviting interested organizations with interesting training simulations to implement their systems on the supercomputer. This project should result in implemented middleware for running interacting training simulations on supercomputers, and guidance for building or modifying training simulations to make effective use of supercomputers.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5555
Abe Megahed
ARMY 09-123      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Server-based Hypercosm 3D Interactive Platform for Simulation (SHIPS)
Abstract:As both security requirements and the computing demands of 3D simulation grow, new solutions that take advantage of the shift to cloud computing and broadband availability will be needed. With new services for online gaming set to hit the marketplace, similar capabilities in interactive simulation for training will be expected, though with a much more cost-effective platform. Orbital Technologies Inc. proposes to expand its web-based 3D simulation software suite into a server component/native web client application that will be capable of running a simulation optimized for training from a high performance computer. The Server-based Hypercosm 3D Interactive Platform for Simulation (SHIPS) will investigate a new paradigm in computing: cloud simulation. Cloud simulation blends the most promising aspects of high powered computing together with the benefits of mobile platforms. In the Phase I, ORBITEC’s web-based Hypercosm simulation system will be reprogrammed into a feasibility prototype that can send 3D simulation images from a server to a client. It will be expanded in the Phase I Option to include interactive multiplayer features that will demonstrate full future capabilities.