DoD SBIR FY09.2 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - DARPA - DMEA - DTRA - OSD

---------- ARMY ----------

231 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Advanced Optical Systems, Inc.
6767 Old Madison Pike Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
Stephen Granade
ARMY 09-013      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Airworthy Cable Angle Measurement System For Slung Load Operations
Abstract:One of the challenges of helicopter cargo missions is dealing with external slung loads. During flight, these loads often move in complex ways driven by forces generated by atmospheric effects and the helicopter’s downwash. A low-cost, accurate and airworthy system for measuring the load’s motion could allow for direct slung load stabilization by providing feedback to a human pilot, flight computer, or load feedback system. Advanced Optical Systems, Inc. will create an optical system capable of directly measuring not only the cable angle but also the load’s location and orientation, allowing us to determine if the load is rotating or undergoing a pendulum motion beneath the helicopter. This is more information than can be provided by a simple measurement of cable angle at the helicopter, and supports more sophisticated load stabilization approaches. The system will track loads through swings of 75° or more with an angular accuracy of better than 0.1°, and will be flexible enough to accommodate slings of varying lengths, from a handful of feet to 100 feet. By using LED or eye-safe laser diode targets on the load, we will be able to track the load even in degraded visual conditions such as brownout.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Guanghai Jin
ARMY 09-013      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Wide FOV and Fast Active Optical Detection System
Abstract:In this SBIR program, we propose to develop a wide angle and fast optical detection system for measuring the slung load cable angle and angular rate in real time, which is necessary to stabilize the external loads in heavy-lift vertical resupply operations by fleet helicopters or unmanned helicopters. This development efforts leverage Agiltron’s extensive experiences in developing the variety of imaging based photonic sensing technologies. This proposed system is based on active sensing architecture using eye safe NIR laser and CCD or CMOS image sensor. The new system will have the superior performances, including a very large measurement angle, a high speed tracking and data updating rate, and high angle resolution. This system is robust and very effective even in degraded visual conditions or turbulent atmospheric conditions. The Phase I approach will predict the advanced performances in the proposed system, and demonstrate the advanced functionality experimentally in the laboratory environments. The phase II development will make the prototype of this advanced system for field evaluation.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Duane Cline
ARMY 09-013      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Radio Frequency External Load Position Monitoring System
Abstract:A common mission for helicopters is to move heavy loads suspended on a cable attached to a hook or winch system. During flight, the aerodynamic and inertial forces acting on the load can cause it to swing in the lateral and/or longitudinal directions. Load pendulum motions can also be excited as the helicopter maneuvers, potentially leading to dangerous situations resulting in loss of the load or endangering the helicopter and its crew. Modern manned and unmanned helicopters replace manual controls with fly-by-wire control systems that improve flight stability and reduce pilot workload by using feedback loops to compensate for changes in flight dynamics. SARA’s proposed Radio Frequency External Load Position Monitoring System uses an array of receiver antennas mounted on the helicopter lower fuselage to track dynamic motion of two small, low-power radio transmitters located on the load to provide accurate, reliable load dynamic motion feedback under all visibility conditions, including brown-out. This compact (<5 lbs) system uses proprietary superresolution pointing algorithms to provide angular measurement accuracy of better than 0.1 degree. Existing flight-proven hardware will enable demonstration of measurement range and accuracy during Phase I and speed transition to an operational system in Phase II

Lambda Technologies
5521 Fair Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 561-0883
N. Jayaraman
ARMY 09-014      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:LPB as a Crack Initiation Resistant Surface Treatment Process for Case Hardened Steels
Abstract:The goal of the proposed SBIR work is to develop Low plasticity burnishing (LPB) as a manufacturing process to increase the high cycle fatigue (HCF) strength of case carburized steels by creating a crack initiation resistant surface structure with superior surface roughness. Bell Helicopter (TPOC: Ryan Ehinger, Project Area Lead for Drive System Research) will be the OEM partner in this proposed program. LPB offers the benefits of controlled depth and magnitude of compression, a smooth often mirror-like surface finish, and very low cold work (hence stable compression). Costs for implementing the LPB process are comparable to conventional shot peening and other peening processes, leading to a highly favorable cost-benefit ratio. The depth of compression can be precisely controlled at every location on the component by initial selection of the tool and closed loop process monitoring and control. LPB tool pressure control provides a process that exceeds six sigma. With a total solution approach, the LPB application and the combined benefits of automated design and analytical tools developed at Lambda will lead to a TRL and MRL of 7 at the end of Phase II of this program.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Auburn, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom Butler
ARMY 09-014      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Light Cavitation Peening of Carburized Gears
Abstract:Cavitation peening (CP) is a novel method of inducing residual compressive stresses in components to enhance fatigue life and improve damage tolerance. The process involves sweeping ultra high-pressure waterjets over the surface to be peened so that cavitation bubbles form and collapse on the workpiece. The intensity of the peening is controlled by varying the speed at which the jet traverses the workpiece so that light peening can be accomplished inexpensively. Recent work has demonstrated the ability to induce high magnitude compressive stresses in carburized gear material, resulting in significant improvements in coupon fatigue life. An additional feature of the process is that it has little or no effect on the surface finish, which may be important to gears that are subjected to Superfinishing. Also, unlike conventional shot peening, CP does not substantially cold work the material which has lead to speculation that the residual stresses might not be relieved through exposure to high localized temperatures or to repeated stress cycles, allowing designers to “take credit” for the residual stresses. The proposed work would explore this issue by peening carburized coupons, measuring residual stresses and fatigue testing the coupons to determine if the residual stresses remain effective through time/temperature/stress cycles.

Prime Research, LC
1750 Kraft Dr Ste 1000-B
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-2200
John M Coggin
ARMY 09-015      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Self-Powered, High-Temperature, Wireless Sensors for Rotorcraft Applications
Abstract:Turbine engine efficiency and reliability can be greatly improved if the combustion process is monitored to provide input to health monitoring algorithms. Prime Research LC (PRLC) and Virginia Tech (VT) propose to develop a high temperature wireless sensing architecture for real-time diagnostics of rotorcraft turboshaft engines. Multi-source energy scavenging and efficient power management capable of operating at 250C will enable reliable wireless transmission of sensor data in a package with minimum weight and complexity. The proposed concept capitalizes on PRLC’s extensive experience with high temperature harsh environment sensing and packaging, and VT’s strong capabilities in smart materials and low power wireless communications. Dr. Dan Inman, director of VT’s Center for Intelligent Material Systems and Structures (CIMSS) will provide expertise in the areas of piezoelectric and smart materials for energy harvesting. Dr. Dong Ha, director of VT’s VLSI for Telecommunications (VTVT) will provide expertise with low power wireless communications and multisource power management. Industry partner Pratt & Whitney will guide the effort towards product viability by providing realistic performance specifications and live engine testing. The proposed system will enable emerging engine diagnostic algorithms by providing valuable sensor data with minimum additional weight.

rjlad/dba environetix technologies
20 Godfrey Drive
Orono, ME 04473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 866-6500
George Harris
ARMY 09-015      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:High-Temperature, Wireless, Passive, Multicode Sensor System for Rotorcraft Applications
Abstract:This project will demonstrate the feasibility of using an array of wireless, passive, microwave acoustic sensors and accompanying interrogator system to monitor temperature and pressure in harsh environments encountered within a turboshaft rotorcraft engine. The proposed sensor technology is based on langasite piezoelectric crystals and stable nanostructured thin film electrodes, and will enable routine in situ diagnostics that will help improve readiness levels and control maintenance costs. The sensor system targets wireless operation up to 1000°C using lightweight microwave acoustic devices, which operate solely under the energy provided by the radio frequency interrogating signal, without the need for batteries or any further maintenance. These passive sensor devices offer the added capability of multiple-access, leading to the sampling of multiple sensors by a single interrogation unit. The signal processing takes place outside the harsh environment area, thus allowing for higher processing capability and reliability. The operation at high temperature relies on patented technology developed at the University of Maine and licensed to Environetix Technologies Corporation for further product development and commercialization. The proposed product is expected to respond not only to the DoD needs, but also to be extended to aerospace, power, automotive, and industrial process control applications.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas V. Limbaugh
ARMY 09-016      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:UAV Sensor Controller for Manned Aircraft
Abstract:This proposal offers a solution for the development of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) controller for manned aircraft. In this endeavor, Kutta and its partners design and develop an innovative concept for the control of UAVs from the cockpit of manned airborne platforms. The Work Plan employs the Rational Unified Process to ensure focus on user needs and system goals. The Work Plan utilizes innovative human factors tests to optimize the notional GUI and refine the vision of the controller to something that can be produced in a Phase II effort. The resulting research yields an optimized controller that is augmented by adaptive, proven and certifiable UAV control software. The resulting product is a ubiquitous controller that can be utilized by pilots in the air and soldiers on the ground to conduct UAV-based Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance, and Target Acquisition missions. The Phase I work culminates in a bread-boarded demonstration and summary of the lessons learned through actual flight test and quantitative human factors evaluations. The Phase I option concludes with recommended methodologies and action plans on how to design, develop, test, and facilitate technology transition into the DoD UAV community.

MillenWorks
1361 Valencia Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 426-5568
Sascha Calkins
ARMY 09-016      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:UAV Sensor Controller for Manned Aircraft
Abstract:The introduction of UAVs to the battlefield has both revolutionized modern warfare and presented new challenges for manned-unmanned teaming capabilities. Therefore, the Army needs an innovative sensor controller interface that would allow the operation of sophisticated UAV sensor systems from manned aircraft by US Army aircrew members. While sensitive joysticks can be used from ground control stations, the precision joystick type of control interface is unsuitable for use in a manned helicopter, such as the AH-64D Longbow Apache, during flight conditions due to the environmental vibration and distractions present. Thus, an improved Man-Machine Interface (MMI) is required, and there exists a compelling need for the development of a UAV sensor controller capable of operating a variety of UAV sensors. No system currently on the market meets all of these requirements. Therefore, MillenWorks is proposing to research and develop a new UAV sensor control interface that achieves all of these objectives.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Jovan Boscovic
ARMY 09-017      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Multiple Objective Collision-free 3D Route Planning using RAMPANT (Real-time Aggressive Maneuver Planner to Assist Integrated Teams)
Abstract:We propose to develop Real-time Aggressive Maneuver Planner to Assist Integrated Teams (RAMPANT) to push the operational envelope while considering collision avoidance and dynamic limitations of airborne vehicle teams. The RAMPANT planner will be employ highly efficient and expeditious random-search planning techniques to arrive at feasible paths in real-time designed to safely scramble away from enemy pursuit or fire. Our efficient obstacle and objective representation methods expedite the course planning process, and enables the planning algorithms to be plan and re-plan iteratively in real-time when flight conditions put aerial teams under duress. Scientific Systems Company, Inc, has extensive experience in real-time autonomous vehicle path planning and collision avoidance, and has likewise has recently used our collaborative control architecture to optimize team mission success for such missions as search and suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD).

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner''''s Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Richard Stottler
ARMY 09-017      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Probabilistic, Real-Time, Reactive Planner for Aggressive 3D Aircraft Maneuvers
Abstract:The ultimate goal is to build a Path Planner (PP) that can rapidly plan collision-free routes for a variety of UAVs in highly dynamic environments with large numbers of threats. Our Phase I includes Stanford University''s Professor Jean-Claude Latombe, a pioneer in autonomous path planning, at the forefront of rapid path planning with moving obstacles and complex environments, and creator of the Probabilistic Roadmap approach proposed here and the basis for much of the work in the cited references. In Phase I, the feasibility of our approach will be proven through the design, prototype implementation, testing, and analysis of the 3D Path Planner proposed here. Specifically in Phase I we will gather the requirements for a militarily useful UAV path planner, develop a prototype PP that operates on simulated sensor input and plans aggressive, collision free 3D routes in complex simulated environments in close proximity with moving objects, and optimized to avoid enemy fire while fulfilling a large number of constraints. Further, we will test the implemented PP in simulated scenarios, analyze the expected performance of the PP and compare that analysis with experimental results, and design the Phase II system. As shown in the proposal, our approach can be readily adapted to different types of UAVs and different types of planning constraints.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Brad Rosenberg
ARMY 09-018      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Models (DREAM)
Abstract:Air Traffic Control is a critical function in the U.S. Army, the proper training of which remains of utmost importance to maintain a safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of military air traffic. Fully staffing simulated training exercises with qualified human pilots can be costly and difficult to organize. Instead, Computer Generated Forces (CGFs) are often used in their place, controlled by “pucksters.” However, CGFs across distributed simulations have varying capabilities, requiring multiple, specialized pucksters, each of which is costly to train. Furthermore, creating, updating, and integrating these brittle CGFs requires technical expertise by training staff. As a result, automated behaviors are no cheaper and often less capable than staffing simulations with human pilots. To bridge the gap between simulation-specific CGFs interfaces and human operators, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Models (DREAM), an end-user development and run-time environment for creating and executing proxy models. These proxy models provide connective logic between high-level commands and CGF-specific instructions. The proposed system will be built upon AgentWorks™, a robust set of behavior modeling and analysis tools that enable the design, construction, and testing of complex intelligent systems through an intuitive graphical user interface.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 207-2237
Brian Stensrud
ARMY 09-018      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Tiger Board
Abstract:There is a growing interest in employing modeling and simulation technology as a low-cost substitute to live Air-Traffic Control (ATC) exercises. One popular approach is to replace costly human role-players with computer-generated forces (CGFs) representing aircraft. Soar Technology proposes to develop the Tiger Board – an intuitive, domain-centric user interface customized for the composition of CGFs operating in ATC simulation exercises. Our proposed system leverages SoarTech''s Universal Controller, which allows run-time operators to interact with autonomous CGFs using standard ATC speech commands. These commands override any current behavior the CGF is executing. Once the CGF has completed execution of the command, the behavior models automatically and correctly resume their previous behavior, just as would a human pilot.

Innovative Dynamics, Inc.
2560 North Triphammer Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-0533
Gail Hickman
ARMY 09-019      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:Embedded Component Health Management for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Health and usage monitoring systems (HUMS) of aircraft have been shown to improve safety and reliability and may produce a significant reduction in maintenance costs. Helicopter rotor blades experience complex motion in operation and are subjected to a variety of stresses which can lead to catastrophic failure. Rotor systems, however, pose challenges for sensor installation due to size, weight, and power restrictions. Current HUMS monitor engines and gearboxes for damage signatures but not adapted for rotor blade health. A distributed HUMS architecture that can acquire usage data over the life of the part with a wireless data download capability is desired. During Phase I, IDI will develop and test a self powered embedded HUMS Node for monitoring rotor system components to enable condition-based maintenance and provide data for remaining life computation. Sensor and processor power will be obtained by integration of betavoltaic technology recently developed at Cornell University’s nano-fabrication facility. A low power Sensor Network Asynchronous Processor will process and store sensor data. Wireless technology will be based on backscatter radio similar to that used in RFID and theft detection applications. Phase II will collect rotor blade baseline vibration data using the proposed embedded HUMS Node and ground station software

MicroStrain, Inc.
459 Hurricane Lane Suite 102
Williston, VT 05495
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 862-6629
Steven W. Arms
ARMY 09-019      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Embedded Component Health Management for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Embedded usage tracking of helicopter rotating components, combined with active radio frequency identification (RFID) has the potential to reduce maintenance costs, reduce weight, maximize structural life, & enhance safety. Energy harvesting used with advanced, micro-power wireless sensing electronics, enables the realization of truly autonomous sensing and recording. The objective of this SBIR is to develop a comprehensive and networked health management capability that can be embedded directly into a rotorcraft component. This Phase I SBIR effort includes development and demonstration of embedded energy harvesting radio frequency identification (EH-RFID) nodes with capabilities of unique identification, performance monitoring, on board storage of component usage history, and remaining useful life. One of the unique aspects of this Phase I SBIR proposal is that the EH-RFID sensor nodes will be designed to consume very little energy. This facilitates continuous operation using highly miniaturized energy harvesters. This approach greatly reduces the barriers to embedded sensor installation. EH-RFIDs shall be compatible with existing wireless sensor data aggregators (WSDAs), which feature an open architecture interface to HUMS boxes. However, EH-RFID nodes will also be designed to perform autonomously on aircraft which may not have an installed HUMS system.

Advanced Rotorcraft Technology, Inc.
1330 Charleston Road
Mountain View, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 968-1464
Chengjian He
ARMY 09-020      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Combined Viscous Vortex Particle Method with a Near Body CFD Solver for Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis
Abstract:The unsteady rotorcraft wake emanated from rotors, wings, and lifting surfaces is a physically complicated problem and remains a difficult aspect of comprehensive rotorcraft analysis. The recent development of a viscous vortex particle method (VVPM) shows very high promise for providing a first-principle-based solution to the unsteady wake problem. Applying VVPM for wake vorticity transportation, while using a modern near body CFD solver for resolving vorticity sources of the rotor blades, fuselage, and lifting surfaces (such as wing and stabilators), will provide an efficient hybrid rotorcraft aerodynamic solution in support of comprehensive rotorcraft modeling and analysis. This SBIR will develop a formulation of the coupled VVPM/CFD/CSD interface and associated algorithms for numerical simulation. The coupled solution will be demonstrated through test problems for prediction of rotor wake vorticity variation and rotor airloads and response. The proposed SBIR research emphasizes the fundamental rotorcraft wake dynamics modeling and resulting airloads prediction accuracy. The research and development will also emphasize the integration of the state-of-the-art VVPM with a modern rotorcraft comprehensive analysis program, such as RCAS, in support of rotorcraft research, design, and engineering applications.

Applied Scientific Research
1800 East Garry Ave, Suite 214
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 752-7545
Adrin Gharakhani
ARMY 09-020      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Hybrid Vorticity Transport Method for Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis
Abstract:The overall objective of this proposal is to develop a standalone module for efficient LES of incompressible and transonic flow of rotorcraft wake on a distributed network of multicore CPUs and GPUs. The module will be based on a Lagrangian Vortex Particle Method (LVPM) and will include the capability to interface with other CFD codes, using Python or a similarly versatile language. The interface will be developed with "code agnosticism" in mind, allowing it to exchange requisite input/output variables and parameters between the LVPM and arbitrary external CFD solvers. A compressibility model will be introduced to LVPM to allow for a more natural interface with compressible CFD codes. Novel software and hardware technologies will be implemented to substantially accelerate the simulation turn around times. Phase I will involve implementation of LES on a cluster of GPUs, interfacing LVPM with a well-established CFD code, and demonstrating proof of concept using a number of test problems.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Glen Whitehouse
ARMY 09-020      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:Novel Hybrid Vorticity Transport CFD for Rotorcraft Analysis
Abstract:Accurate performance prediction is critical to rotorcraft design and development, and while significant gains have been made in rotorcraft CFD-CSD methods, predicting unsteady wake aerodynamics remains a significant challenge. Current analysis tools can theoretically model the complete rotorcraft, but are hampered by modeling assumptions (for Lagrangian methods) and numerical formulation (for CFD). Commonly used analysis tools fail to adequately predict the load distribution on arbitrarily shaped rotors and fuselages and the wake induced unsteadiness. The proposed effort addresses these limitations by building upon prior work in rotorcraft CFD-CSD coupling to develop an innovative hybrid vorticity transport CFD method for predicting aerodynamics in comprehensive rotorcraft analyses. Enabled by work at CDI developing a hybrid vorticity- velocity formulated CFD solver (VorTran-M), the proposed approach, consisting of a fully coupled OVERFLOW-VorTran-M hybrid analysis that can directly interface with the U.S. Army’s RCAS comprehensive analysis will improve airloads prediction capabilities by capturing blade vortex interactions, as well as rotor-fuselage and main-rotor-tail-rotor interactions. Phase I will see enhancement of a prototype OVERFLOW VorTran-M coupling developed in prior work, along with an assessment of the influence of viscous terms on wake evolution and an investigation of methods to enhance the computational performance on massively parallel computers.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Shawn Ericson
ARMY 09-021      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:An Integrated Optical Diagnostic Analysis (IODA) Suite
Abstract:An Integrated Optical Diagnostics Analysis (IODA) Suite is proposed for the unification of optical data for wind tunnel testing. While optical methods have paved the way for non- intrusive measurement of complex flow characteristics and corresponding model response in wind tunnel tests, a variety of tools, techniques, and data formats complicates the consolidation of information into a single cohesive analysis tool. The IODA Suite will be developed with an object-oriented, component architecture and designed for the inclusion of multiple input source plug-ins for data collection and post(IODA)- processing. IODA is intended to support community involvement and collaboration where researchers and practitioners of optical diagnostic data collection and visualization tools can create their own plug-ins for the software suite in a simple developer-friendly environment. The proposed Phase I effort will focus on research and design of the software system components and implementation of the most critical components that are key in the success of the applications performance and stability. An option is provided to test and iterate on the design for solidifying the foundation of the core capabilities before proceeding to Phase II. By the end of the Phase II an operational tool will be provided to the optical diagnostics community for testing.

Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.
2766 Indian Ripple Rd
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-4980
Jim Crafton
ARMY 09-021      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Open Source Comprehensive Optical Diagnostic Analysis Suite
Abstract:Over the past 20 years a variety of image-based experimental tools, such as PSP/TSP, PIV, and VMD which offer increased productivity, have been developed for wind tunnels. While each of these techniques can be used individually, rapidly combining the data from these tools would bring added value to the data analysis process. This capability of rapid data fusion is critical to enable understanding of the flow field, and therefore, facilitate quick and accurate decision making. Developing a software package for fusion of data from multiple experimental and computational formats is the focus of this proposal. While this type of data fusion can be very useful, it is often a time consuming process. Generally, each experimental technique uses unique data processing software, and produces data with a unique data format. Furthermore, combining this data with computational results requires mapping data between the experimental surface mesh and the computational mesh. Currently, the data fusion process requires significant operator input, and that operator must have extensive knowledge of each experimental and computational technique. The goal of this program is to develop a suite of Open Source software to facilitate this data fusion process for an array of experimental techniques.

AMERICAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES CO
3825 Lizette Ln.
Glenview, IL 60026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 559-1408
Igor V Barsukov
ARMY 09-022      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:New and Improved Primary Lithium / Carbon Monofluoride 20 Year Backup Battery
Abstract:American Energy Technologies Co (Glenview, IL) will partner with Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA) in order to demonstrate tangible enhancement in performance of primary lithium carbon monofluoride (Li/CFx) battery chemistry. The objective is to devise a significantly improved version of the Li/CFx system, and based on it to determine the feasibility of developing a low drain battery that would operate in a wide temperature range of at least – 40 degrees C to + 85 degrees C; have a service life of 20 years; and meet all other specification requirements of the US Army. The improvements will be achieved through application of new and improved active materials, innovative electrolyte system, next generation carbon-based conductive diluents for the cathode and Titanium current collector coating, tailor-made composition of glass for the glass-to-metal seal and through other breakthrough changes in the cell-manufacturing technology. When commercialized, besides US Army application, cells are likely to find use in the outdoor gas meters and a number of other civilian applications.

Johnson Research & Development Co., Inc.
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
William Rauch
ARMY 09-022      Awarded: 1/25/2010
Title:20 year backup battery
Abstract:Military equipment intended for long duration use has a need for a basic long life primary battery that will exceed the 5-year life of current cells. This will lower the maintenance costs of devices such as remote sensors and electronics containing CMOS that require constant power. Johnson Research proposes the application of an all solid-state battery to meet the challenges of long battery life. Solid-state batteries do not suffer chemical degradations common in battery chemistries containing liquid components. Johnson Research’s sister company Excellatron has been producing thin film solid-state rechargeable batteries for a number of years and is poised to utilize LiPON solid electrolyte with a very low current leakage, which is required for the long duration battery. The proposed battery will meet and exceed all Army requirements of a 20-year primary battery for military application.

ASE Optics
2489 Brighton Henrietta Town Line Rd.
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-0335
Damon Diehl
ARMY 09-023      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Reducing missile dome cost using Segmented-APerture Hybrid Image Reconstruction (SAPHIR)
Abstract:The missile dome represents an enormous percentage of a modern missile’s expense. This project seeks to develop image correction methods to relax the optical tolerances for missile domes, thus significantly reducing their cost. ASE Optics has extensive experience in digital image processing, optical design, and in the manufacturing and measurement of missile domes. Furthermore ASE Optics is strategically located within the Rochester, NY optics community, with fast access to dome manufacturers and optical fabrication shops. ASE Optics is thus uniquely qualified to solve this problem. We propose a hybrid optical and digital approach to minimize image sensitivity to aberrations produced by the missile dome. This new approach, termed segmented-aperture hybrid image reconstruction (SAPHIR), requires minimal computation power and should improve the image resolution by 2X without increasing the exposure time. We anticipate that SAPHIR will allow dome surface tolerances to be relaxed from 0.25 waves to 1 wave. It is expected that the final cost of the dome would be reduced by 10%.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0681
Vojtech Svoboda
ARMY 09-024      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:High Power and Capacity Anode for Thermal Battery
Abstract:The present thermal battery technologies cannot currently meet future requirements that call for higher power and capacity with a smaller footprint. The principal avenue for increasing thermal battery specific energy is to identify and develop new electrode materials and electrolytes which provide higher specific capacity at higher operating voltages. The overall objective of the proposed effort is to develop (design, fabricate, test and demonstrate) novel nano-structured anode materials for thermal battery with enhanced electronic conductivity and Li+ storage capacity. During Phase I, computational models will be used to optimize the technology concepts, and the optimized designs samples of the material will be fabricated, tested and characterized. Experimental hardware and instrumentation (currently under development at CFDRC) will be leveraged for technology development. During Phase II, materials/chemistries and synthesis processes will be optimized. Test cell will be prototyped and battery testing will be carried out. An experienced, multi-disciplinary team with expertise in design and testing of microsystems, electrochemistry, and battery technology has been assembled to successfully meet project objectives and milestones.

ENSER Corporation, The
5430 70th Avenue North
Pinellas Park, FL 33781
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 520-1393
Annmarie Ronacher
ARMY 09-024      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:New Thermal Battery Electrochemistry
Abstract:Thermal batteries are mission critical components which provide power to military weapon systems for electronics, fusing, sensing and actuation. Current and future thermal battery packaging and performance requirements are being pushed to the limits, demanding higher power levels over longer operating times (hence, higher usable energy output) in smaller, lighter packages. These increases are required for: (1) advanced munitions and strategic defense applications employing multifunctional seeker and sensor packages, (2) active data links supporting a net-centric capability and/or (3) increased maneuvering capability. In order to meet these demands, ENSER proposes to develop and demonstrate significant increases in energy density, power density and operational lifetime over state-of-the-art LiSi/CoS2 chemistry. Potential new anode and cathode material pairings will be identified and initially evaluated in single cell tests prior to incorporation into prototype batteries. The short-term goal is 100% increases in specific energy over baseline LiSi/FeS2, which will be accomplished by identification of a new cathode material. When paired with a new anode system material, the specific energy will be increased by 2.5X over baseline LiSi/FeS2.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
David Sherrer
ARMY 09-025      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:MEMS Safety and Arming Device
Abstract:Nuvotronics proposes a revolutionary improvement in MEMS fuze technology by bringing MEMS-like miniaturization and batch fabrication to the entire fuze assembly and packaging process. The result yielding a monolithic, in-plane, self packaged and complete fuze product with minimal assembly and therefore, no automation investment required. Our solution, the Xynamo™ Safety and Arming device, is based on the exclusive Nuvotronics™ PolyStrata™ MEMS process. The proposed solution will provide ARDEC with significantly improved safety and arming fuzes with the following key advantages: low cost, reduced manufacturing capital investment, high volume and high yield batch production, scalable manufacturing design, hermetic sealing and high reliability.

AlphaSense, Inc.
470 Century Blvd. Boxwood Commerce Center
Wilmington, DE 19808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 998-1116
Pengcheng Lv
ARMY 09-026      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Innovative Real Time Probes for Plastic Bonded Exp
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative real time probe for online monitoring of plastic bonded explosive manufacturing process. Key innovations of the proposed sensor probe include: a) the use of a white light interferometer (WLI) to form real time images of the particles for accurate particle size measurements, and b) the use of quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) based devices for viscosity and water content measurements. With these innovations, the proposed sensor probe will have the following merits: 1) Simple, compact, and low cost, 2) Capable of providing all the necessary information, 3) High sensitivity, 4) Large dynamic range, 5) Superior stability, and 6) Automatic data acquisition and easy interpretation.

Applied Sonics Inc.
9457 S. University Blvd, #248
Littleton, CO 80126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 471-0269
Wesley Cobb
ARMY 09-026      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Ultrasonic Probe for Quality Measurement of Explos
Abstract:There is currently very limited in-process monitoring and control information available during the manufacturing of explosives at Army ammunition plants. The first quality measurement is done well after all processing is complete. Unfortunately, the composition/quality can vary significantly due to metering errors, process variations, and delivery blockages. Even a small variation in the mix composition can severely impact the performance, reliability, and safety of the explosive. The overall vision of this initiative is to provide improved explosives quality through tighter control of manufacturing variables. This initiative would apply unique, ultrasonic-sensing technology to monitor the quality of explosives manufacturing. The advantage of using ultrasound is that sensors can be completely isolated from the explosives, making it low power and safe for operators. Analysis of the ultrasonic signal can provide information on physical and chemical changes during the manufacturing process. The proposed effort would provide key information at an early stage rather than after the process is finished. This information would enable closed-loop control of explosives manufacturing during the actual process. For example, if significant variations in composition are detected during batch processing, adjustments to feed rates or mass balances could be changed to ensure final product quality.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
ARMY 09-026      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Dielectrometric Explosive Mixture Analyzer
Abstract:To address the Army need for hazardous duty, explosion proof probes for process monitoring and quality control in explosives manufacturing, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dielectrometric Explosive Mixture Analyzer (DEMA) system. This proposed device is based on Time-Domain Dielectric Spectrometry principles. The DEMA innovations will enable the device to accurately and safely detect in real time the compositional properties of various classes of heterogeneous formulations used in modern explosive munitions production, including particle size, bulk viscosity, and water content, by applying a robust data collection and analysis methodology, in an inexpensive, easy-to-operate package. A novel approach to the extraction of composition-dependent information makes this technology insensitive to production environment noise, and provides the capability to monitor a wide range of dielectric materials. The miniscule energy required to operate the probe renders it suitable for use with the most sensitive of the Army’s explosive formulations. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the DEMA system by applying it to the measurement of inert mixtures approximating real-life formulations. In Phase II, POC will evaluate and optimize the design in Phase I, and develop and fabricate a functional production-deployable prototype for testing at the Army’s ARDEC facility.

CarboMet LLC
18 Erskine Drive
Morristown, NJ 07960
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 549-2013
Chris Wang
ARMY 09-027      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Nanostructured polymeric nitrogen high performance energetic material
Abstract:In the Phase I effort proposed, a novel polymeric, environmentally-friendly nitrogen phase will be grafted to a nitrogen-derivatized carbon nanostructure using electromagnetic radiation-, plasma-, and electrochemically-assisted chemical reactions involving precursors with high nitrogen content. Based on structural and energetic properties obtained as well as on process cost-effectiveness, one synthetic route will be downselected for optimization and scale-up during the optional period and Phase II. Because of the high stability of the triply bonded nitrogen molecule, the singly bonded nitrogen polymer will be highly energetic; however, insensitivity and ambient pressure and temperature stabilization will be achieved via grafting and confinement within the nanostructured carbon template.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
ARMY 09-028      Awarded: 12/11/2009
Title:Innovative High Strength Nanostructured Aluminum-Based Composites
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR Program will demonstrate and help mature the use of mechanical alloyed, thermally stable nanocrystalline aluminum alloys produced by extrusion and roll Processing. These nano strengthened alloys are sensitive to manufacturing processes, but offer the potential for thermally stable nanocomposite aluminum alloys showing a 100% increase in strength over current aluminum alloys, while retaining up to 8% ductility and being thermally sable to 350C. This program will investigate ductility and toughness optimization in PM aluminum-lithium nano composites using the ductile phase toughening approach developed over the past 5 years. With ductile phase toughening, ductility and toughness in high strength alloys is enabled by adding back coarse (micron-scale) grained aluminum particles with the mechanically alloyed aluminum composite material, to provide a strong 140ksi+ material with improved ductility over standard high strength nano aluminum alloys.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
ARMY 09-029      Awarded: 4/2/2010
Title:Nanoinfusion Technology for Advanced Gun Propellants
Abstract:It has been demonstrated on a small scale that nanoparticles have the potential to improve the performance of high energy density gun propellants. Nanomaterials such as Al, B, AlB, and BNNT have been integrated into gun propellants resulting in increased burning rates and efficiencies. However, significant technical challenges exist with this technology in process scalability, particle agglomeration during mixing, and long term stability of suspended nanoparticles. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to integrate nanoinfusion technology into conventional propellant processing techniques. Nanoinfusion is a process that allows for in-situ formation of nanoparticles in polymer matrices. Successful integration of nanoinfusion into propellant processing will replace the current nanoparticle mixing and dispersion phase of gun propellant processing. Nanoinfusion technology is not a liquid dispersion process, so there is no route for agglomeration or nanoparticle phase separation, which will improve long term stability of the nanoparticles in the propellant binder. Nanoinfusion is a highly scalable process and can easily allow for tuning of particle sizes. Advantages resulting from CRG’s proposed concept will allow for enhanced propellant tailorability and scalability leading to significantly improved system performance at a lower cost than current nanoparticle containing propellants.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8364
Naida Lacevic
ARMY 09-029      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Advanced High Energy Density Propellants
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics, Inc., in collaboration with Prof. Steven Son’s group at Purdue University and Dr. Darren Naud, is proposing to design nanoparticle enhanced high energy density propellants using theoretical and simulation methods, and verify the design by small-scale laboratory production and testing. We will use molecular dynamics and implement novel dissipative particle dynamics methods to model and predict phase separation and nanoparticle dispersion in propellant binders. Our predictions will be verified and validated by SEM and TEM experiments at Purdue. The outcome of the proposed study will be a recommendation for nanoparticle enhanced high energy density propellant compositions that will reduce phase separation and nanoparticle agglomeration and maximize performance. Simulant propellant samples manufactured at Purdue will be made available to Picatinny Arsenal researchers for characterization with their small angle x-ray (SAX) and ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) systems.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard O Claus
ARMY 09-030      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Photo-Thermal Formation of Sighting Reticles Inside Self-Assembled Bulk Glass Optics
Abstract:This Army SBIR program would demonstrate the feasibility of forming weapon sighting reticles inside the bulk volumes of optical components. Bulk aluminosilicate glass optical components would be fabricated using layer-by-layer self-assembly processing techniques. These non-traditional processes allow the incorporation of photo-thermo sensitive molecular layers only at specific internal planes. Focused photoillumination onto this internal layer followed by heat treatment then forms a visible reticle pattern only at the location of the internal plane. Bulk photosensitive glass manufactured using conventional ‘heat, mix and pour’ production methods is sensitive throughout its entire geometry, so does not allow this type of localized internal writing of reticle patterns. During the Phase I program, NanoSonic would self-assemble bulk optical components with designed internal photo-thermo sensitive planes, selectively write patterns onto these planes using low fluence UV radiation, and thermally treat the written materials to produce optically visible and opaque reticle patterns. Variations in self-assembly chemistry, optical irradiation and thermal processing would be used to optimize reticle geometry and opacity and the speed of the production process. Prototype optical components with internally-written reticles would be produced during Phase I, evaluated, and made available for testing by the Army.

Translume
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6330
Philippe Bado
ARMY 09-030      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:Advanced weapon sighting systems fabricated with FemtoWrite and FemtoEtch processes
Abstract:The Army has a need for better weapon sight reticles. Currently, weapon sight reticles are fabricated only on flat surfaces. These flat surfaces produce unwanted retro- reflections. Translume has developed several processes to micromachine glass using femtosecond lasers. We have shown that we can locally change the index of refraction of the glass, thus creating features that can guide, or diffract light propagating through the glass. We can create scattering features that block or diffract light. The intensity of the scattering can be controlled over a large dynamic range. In some glass of mixed compositions we can locally change the color of the glass. We can also ablate glass. We have also demonstrated that we can locally increase the glass susceptibility to various chemical etchants. These capabilities have been used to fabricate various optical elements. Using this demonstrated fabrication knowledge, we are proposing to develop, produce, and test a rugged advanced weapon sight, with a reticle fabricated in bulk glass and characterized by a significantly reduced retro-reflection signature. Our proposal is supported by numerous data collected by Translume over the last five years under numerous DoD programs, or with various commercial partners.

ADC Acquisition Co. dba Automated Dynamics
407 Front Street
Schenectady, NY 12305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 377-6471
David Hauber
ARMY 09-031      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Automated Manufacturing of Composite Materials inc
Abstract:Automated fiber placement (AFP) of thermoplastic (TP) composite jackets around large caliber gun barrels and railgun cores has enabled a dramatic increase in lethality while meeting aggressive maneuver requirements. Automated Dynamics has played a central role in the development of TP AFP technology and its use for this application. There is a continuing need to improve safety, temperature capability and productivity of existing technology. This project will apply existing TP AFP technology using metal matrix composites (MMC) for dramatic increase in temperature capability to meet the Army’s aggressive targets. There are significant problems to be addressed to hit these targets including safety, higher power input and weld contamination issues. Unique MMC materials, advanced heating technologies and innovative processing will be used to achieve a quantum leap in process capabilities for composite jackets around large caliber gun barrels, railguns & many other military and commercial applications.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 3755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jay C. Rozzi, Ph.D.
ARMY 09-031      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Directed Heating System for High Speed Manufacturi
Abstract:Polymer matrix thermoplastic (e.g., PEEK/IM7) composites exhibit excellent toughness, fatigue strength, and strength-to-weight characteristics over their all-metal counterparts. These characteristics make them desirable for high performance military structures such as artillery components for Mounted Combat Systems, aircraft components, and hulls for underwater vehicles. Currently, Automated Tape Laying (ATL) machines accomplish in- situ matrix heating, winding, and compaction of the composite prepreg tape onto mandrels. As a result of indirect and ineffective heating, both the prepreg winding tension and the tape feed rates are limited by the current ATL machines. Creare’s innovation is a novel Directed Heating System (DHS) that deposits directed and localized energy into the prepreg tape using a laser that can be easily and safely integrated with the fiber placement head on any ATL machine platform. During the Phase I project, we will assemble the DHS, complete pre-production tests on composite parts, and design the system for integration on off-the-shelf ATL machines. During Phase II, we will complete the system design, integration, testing, and transition the technology.

M-MECH DEFENSE, INC
200 INNOVATION BLVD. SUITE 155
STATE COLLEGE, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-5688
ALFREDO VAZQUEZ CARAZO
ARMY 09-032      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Self-contained Thin Multilayer Setback Piezo Gener
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative thin- multilayer setback piezoelectric generator (TM-SPG) to provide inertial harvested power for spin stabilized small-and-medium-caliber fuzing. The novel setback generator uses the characteristics of piezoelectric materials to harvest the firing acceleration. The unit will be manufactured using advanced thin-layer multilayer tape-casting production to deliver a high capacitance, low voltage, powerful and compact power source. The novel generator will be integrated in a housing containing the piezoelectric active material, the setback mass and output pins for easy modular connection with the fuze electronics. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of the novel TM-SPG technology. Proof of the concept models will show, through practical evaluation and through use of both physical based calculations and coupled-physics based finite element analyses (FEA), the potential energy density levels achievable. Phase II is to deliver a robust, design optimized, TM-SPG using the specific Army fuze requirements for 25mm to 40mm caliber ammunition. Safety will be demonstrated by testing the unit under the MIL-STD-331 requirements.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
David Sherrer
ARMY 09-032      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:MEMS Munitions Power Source
Abstract:A cost effective power source for smart munitions becomes an increasingly difficult problem for small diameter rounds as traditional reserve battery and inertial generator approaches have construction techniques that don’t scale down well. Munitions have unique needs compared to most power systems requiring unusually long shelf life, unusually short working life, and require high reliability under harsh conditions. In addition, due to the high volume expected for small diameter rounds, the ability to deliver a solution that is low cost is important. Microfabrication approaches to create a power source can allow less volume to be consumed in the packaging and ancillary structures and more in the energy producing device itself, and at the same time allow high volume manufacturing for reduced cost. Nuvotronics proposes to develop a miniature battery that meets required volume and energy density goals while meeting the environmental requirements. We will utilize our patented PolystrataTM metal micromachining process and our in-depth experience in Si micromachining to create a device that is low-cost and producible in high volumes.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
ARMY 09-032      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Spinning Inertia Energy Scavenger by Thin-Film Alt
Abstract:To address the Army need for an inertial energy harvester in spin stabilized small- and medium-caliber munitions to power fuze electronics and initiation circuits, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Spinning Inertia Energy Scavenger by Thin-film Alternator (SIESTA). This proposed MEMS fabricated device is based on the rotational alternation of electric induced charge. The innovation in the new system design and use of a new material, as well as POC’s proprietary technology of the “charge swing”, will enable the SIESTA device to harvest more than 100 mJ of energy in a volume that does not exceed 1.4 cm3. As a result, this technology offers high energy density (better than 60 mJ/cm3), small size (less than 1.5 cm3), and the capability to work in a wide frequency range and sustain high acceleration during launch, which directly addresses the requirements of the OICW and OCSW acquisition programs. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SIESTA by the analysis of computer based models as well as assemble and test a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype of TRL 4-5 to show how the approach solves the problem.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Mike McFarland
ARMY 09-033      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Miniaturization of Sensors on Flexible Substrates
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to demonstrate nano-ink printing processes for making function specific active sensors and electronics on flexible substrates. The goal is to demonstrate ink formulations and recipes for depositing conductor and semiconductor materials on various flexible polymer and polyimide substrates for use in smart munitions sensors. In this project active sensor electronic systems for intelligent munitions will be developed with an emphasis on antenna and GPS electronics for Medium Range Munitions (MRM).

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 1862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Thomas Fusco
ARMY 09-033      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Direct Write Inkjet Printing of Miniature Sensors
Abstract:SI2 proposes to leverage its experience in Direct Write technology to inkjet print passive and active sensors and circuitry for use in medium range munitions. Formulations of dielectric, resistive, conductive and magnetic inks will be deposited to show the feasibility of manufacturing complex electronics using a wide format, roll to roll inkjet process. Our innovative approach is based on using well-known design criteria for functional sensors, modifying the design according to SI2’s Direct Write inkjet printing capabilities and integrating the requisite inks with both the substrate and the jetting assembly. SI2 will address the three areas of design, manufacturing and materials collectively to make inkjet printed complex sensors a potential reality. In Phase I, SI2 will modify its current stable of inks to develop four functional types; dielectric, resistive, conductive and magnetic. A demonstration article, such as an LRC circuit, will be inkjet printed and characterized. A manufacturing plan will be developed to provide a foundation for future demonstrations in the Phase II. The follow-on Phase II program will refine the sensor concept and develop functional antenna and GPS sensor demonstration devices for use in medium range munitions.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8895
Vitaliy Khizhnichenko
ARMY 09-034      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Image Analysis for Personnel Intent
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a real-time intelligent imaging system capable of automatic identifying individual’s suspicious and/or harmful intent from a standoff distance of 45 meters in unconstrained indoor/outdoor settings based on biometric data, Irvine Sensors Corporation (ISC) proposes to develop new Personal Intent Recognition Imaging (PIRI) system. This system is based on: a) several proprietary image processing algorithms using both spectral and spatio-temporal features and tailored to recognition of harmful/suspicious intent, and b) a novel hardware/software implementation of these algorithms in form of a combination of “smart sensors” (compact multispectral cameras augmented with FPGA-based processor logic) and a laptop computer. The PIRI system will offer reliable recognition of harmful intent in such military applications as border patrol, stand-off interrogation, surveillance and commercial applications for access control and surveillance at enterprises, shopping areas etc. In Phase I ISC will demonstrate feasibility of PIRI by implementing a proof-of-concept software functionally equivalent to the future PIRI operational prototype and based on preliminary determination of psycho-physiological and physical indicators most adequate for intent identification. Phase I will result in functional design of an operational prototype. In Phase II ISC will produce this prototype and demonstrate its functionality in an interactive real-time mode.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
ARMY 09-034      Awarded: 4/13/2010
Title:Spectral Imaging Sensor for Improved Biometric and Human Intent Analysis
Abstract:The use of spectral imaging data for biometric stress/intent analysis will be investigated. The project’s ultimate goal is the development of an operational system for remote, real-time characterization of human intent in uncooperative environments. In Phase I, a detailed investigation will be conducted to determine an effective approach for utilizing spectral imaging information to improve the accuracy and robustness of non-contact intent analysis based on physiological signatures associated with stress, fear, deception, and other emotions. This work will culminate with a system design for a prototype biometric imaging system to be constructed under Phase II. Beyond Phase II the design and concept will be further developed leading to a fully commercialized system for applications in security screening, perimeter monitoring, interrogation, lie detection, and other similar DoD and law enforcement applications. For this project, OKSI (with experience in spectral imaging and system development) will collaborate with a leading researcher group that has scientific insight and proven techniques in psycho- physiological characterization and stress analysis. The combined expertise of the proposed team will enable an efficient and effective determination of appropriate technology from both practical and scientific perspectives.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Mark Stacy
ARMY 09-035      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Critical Fuze Technology Protection System
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc (CRG) proposes to provide a complete cost-effective anti-tamper system to protect advanced ammunition projectiles from tamper and reverse- engineering efforts. CRG has participated in five AT-based Phase II and seven AT-based Phase I SBIR programs. These programs have produced multiple layers of AT solutions. These solutions consist of a high TRL 7/8 conformal coating system, a multiple tamper event detection system, a non-energetic integrated circuit (IC) destruction technique and a sensor-based system validation scheme. CRG has been actively involved with the AT community for six years and has developed a very good understanding of the techniques, defenses and implementation issues involved with incorporating AT into systems for the protection of critical technology. CRG''s demonstrated expertise in the proposed technology areas presents the Army the opportunity to obtain an effective, reliable, and economical AT protection system using conformal coatings and layered tamper detection methods in protecting the critical information components of advanced ammunition projectiles. The proposing team''s track record of innovation in materials and AT techniques positions CRG for successful implementation of an effective, reliable, and economical anti-tamper system meeting the Army’s operational needs.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth Knowles
ARMY 09-035      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Tamper-proof Protection of Critical Combat Ammunition Fuze and Guidance Technologies
Abstract:The proposed program is intended to develop a practical low cost solution to reliably ensure that it is possible to deny reverse analysis of the critical RF frequencies and processor electronics code and algorithms that are increasingly employed by the integrated electronics within the Fuze assemblies. What is proposed is a unique low cost solution that is normally passive i.e. does not consume any energy under normal conditions. As detailed below, the solution is rugged to excessive loads, low cost to manufacture, and should be completely flexible in application to many military Fuze products.

The Athena Group, Inc.
408 West University Avenue Suite 306
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 371-2567
Jonathon D. Mellott
ARMY 09-035      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Tamper-proof Protection of Critical Combat Ammunit
Abstract:Advanced ammunition projectiles use a variety of advanced fuzing and guidance technologies. Since current implementations of these technologies are not tamper resistant, these technologies are export controlled to prevent reverse engineering and/or countermeasures development by adversaries. Due to proliferation of these technologies among multi-national allies and increased demands for international sales of products containing these technologies, there exists a need to produce tamper resistant fuzes. This Phase I project will apply a platform-based design methodology for the development of secure system-on-a-chip solutions to produce a design capable of meeting the demanding profile, size, weight, power, and cost requirements of high production volume ammunition projectiles.

Procerus Technologies LC
452 South 950 East
Orem, UT 84097
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 224-5713
Blake Barber
ARMY 09-036      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Swarm/agent Technology For Small Unit Scalable Effects
Abstract:Procerus Technologies, along with its partner Brigham Young University, propose to develop cooperative control technologies to enable multiple small, unmanned air vehicles (SUAVs) to carry out a mission involving search, tracking, imaging, and localization (STIL). The goal is to carry out these activities as a team of SUAVs, enhancing the performance and robustness of the mission execution. During this Phase I SBIR task, the Procerus/BYU team will carry out the following technical tasks: 1) Create a multiple SUAV simulation testbed for algorithm testing and development. 2) Develop probabilistic target motion models that capture target behavior based on situational awareness. 3) Formulate and test a multi-model tracker to estimate target vehicle location. 4) Design and implement a cooperative control architecture that enables multi-SUAV STIL. 5) Develop a search strategy that maximizes the probability of target detection based on a location probability prior. 6) Design and implement a cooperative tracking algorithm that maximizes tracking robustness. 7) Demonstrate the multi-SUAV STIL algorithms in a realistic mission simulation. The Procerus/BYU team will leverage their technical expertise in vision-based control of SUAVs and cooperative control of SUAVs to successfully complete the technical objectives of this proposal.

Robotic Research LLC
814 W. Diamond Ave. Suite 301
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
ARMY 09-036      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Cooperative Control of Small Unmanned Assets (CCSU
Abstract:A robust surveillance solution that harnesses the full potential of SUGVs and UAVs has yet to be created. Rather, much of the emphasis of current research is toward refining individual systems. Without a proper collaborative system, creation of a “sum is greater than the parts” solution is impossible. Robotic Research, LLC proposes to create the Cooperative Control of Small Unmanned Assets (CCSUA) by combining the state-of-the- art unmanned systems technologies together with algorithms that provide superior, cooperative control of heterogeneous unmanned systems.

Coherent Logix, Incorporated
1120 South Capital of Texas Highway Building 3, Suite 310
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 579-4974
Martin Hunt
ARMY 09-037      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Smart Array for Enhanced Resolution (SAFER)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated (CLX) proposes the development of an integrated large format detector array and low-power, high performance HyperX parallel processor to increase the situational awareness capabilities of the modern warfighter. This system will combine the high bandwidth and glueless logic interface capabilities of the HyperX processor to couple the raw data stream to dynamic processing algorithms that enable the soldier to intelligently allocate system resolution on targets of interest. The HyperX architecture excels in low-power, embedded applications that require small form factor, low part count, high levels of computing resources, ease of programming and expansion headroom. CLX will design the system to be deployed in Soldier Systems, unmanned ground / air vehicles, and unattended ground sensors where size, weight, and power are at a premium. The CLX SAFER prototype will demonstrate the capability to capture images from up to a 12 MPixel array at 30 fps and dynamically process the video stream to enhance the native spatial resolution and illumination dynamic range. Several key technologies will be utilized to accomplish the system objectives including high speed readout circuits, low-power parallel processing, dense component packaging, and image processing algorithms that dynamically interact with the soldier and detector array.

Crossfield Technology LLC
4505 Spicewood Springs Road Suite 360
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Gary McMillian
ARMY 09-037      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Smart Dense Detector Arrays
Abstract:Crossfield Technology proposes a high-density multi-chip module (MCM) for smart dense detector arrays based on the Nvidia Tegra multi-core processor. The Tegra processor integrates an ARM-11 processor with a GeForce Graphics Processor Unit (GPU) to deliver 30 GFLOPS of computational performance for real-time image processing and video encoding. The ultra-low-power Tegra also integrates high-speed interfaces for up to 4 GB of main system memory, NAND flash memory for embedded firmware, a high- speed Camera Serial Interface (CSI), HDMI or LCD video outputs, and USB On-the-Go control and data port. Crossfield will also integrate a programmable interface supporting a variety of focal plane arrays, providing frame capture and data transport from the FPA to the Tegra processor through its high-speed CSI port. Crossfield proposes a rapid prototype development during the Phase I Program to develop a printed circuit board implementation of the proposed design to support software development during the Phase II Program and provide a development environment for users of the technology.

Brimrose Corporation of America
19 Loveton Circle Hunt Valley Loveton Center
Sparks, MD 21152
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 472-7070
Chen Wang
ARMY 09-038      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Development Of Scanning Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (PAS) Using A Novel Optical/Laser Microphone For The Remote Detection Of Explosives
Abstract:We propose to develop a scanning photoacoustic spectroscopic (PAS) system fitted with a novel laser microphone for the remote scanning of targeted molecules and chemical compounds. By leveraging the acoustic signatures emitted by the target molecules, the proposed PAS technology offers better detection sensitivity in identifying the presence and concentrations of targeted molecules compared to conventional photo-spectroscopic techniques like LIBS, Raman spectroscopy, and terahertz radiations. Further boosting the performance of the proposed PAS technology is the adoption of a novel, highly sensitive laser microphone capable of detecting the minute displacements of the diaphragm caused by the acoustic signatures emitted by the targeted molecules. The excellent sensitivity of the proposed PAS technology with novel laser microphone is expected to offer standoff detection distances in the 50 –100 meters range at the end of its development. We also propose to study the deployment of arrayed microphones to perform cancellation of common background noise, leading thus to even better sensitivity in trace gas detection and further lengthening of the standoff distances. Scanning mechanisms and the related opto-mechanical system architectures of the proposed PAS technology is also to be conducted to support rapid scanning of desired areas at the standoff distance.

OPTRA, Inc
461 Boston Street
Topsfield, MA 01983
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 887-6600
Craig Schwarze
ARMY 09-038      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Compact, Wide Field Photoacoustic Explosive Detection
Abstract:OPTRA proposes the development of an explosive detector comprised of a Risley scanner and a standoff photoacoustic detector for robot-based mobile operation. During the Phase I, OPTRA will be focused on developing demonstration hardware and collecting spectra of explosives samples to demonstrate feasibility. The Risley scanner is a mature technology, which uses a pair of matched prisms to steer a laser beam anywhere inside a cone. OPTRA has extensive experience developing and customizing such Risley scanners to accommodate a variety of applications including infrared countermeasures, optical avoidance and optical communication. The standoff photoacoustic explosive detection hardware concept was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL) and utilizes a Quartz Crystal Tuning Fork (QCTF) to detect reflected returns from the target. Using this technology, ORNL has demonstrated the ability to not only detect explosive concentrations as low as 100 ng/cm2 at a range of 20 m, but also to distinguish between various explosives. By coupling these two demonstrated technologies, OPTRA should be able to rapidly demonstrate and prototype a compact, wide field, highly sensitive explosive detector capable of monitoring large areas from a safe distance, which should help neutralize the IED threat in the near term.

Universal Global Products, LLC
3159 Schrader Rd
Dover, NJ 7801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 968-5156
S. Zlatev
ARMY 09-039      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Innovative Coatings for Lightweight Alloys
Abstract:In response to the universal realities associated with material properties, Universal Global Products, LLC develops and manufactures a family of boron coating solutions that are thermo-chemically diffused into a number of underlying materials that enhance their chemical and mechanical properties while maintaining the integrity of the core materials. Core materials principally include titanium and titanium alloys, magnesium alloys, aluminum alloys, ferrous metals, nickel-based alloys, transition metals, as well as cermets. The primary advantageous properties of boron coated materials are their enhanced wear, corrosion, galling, and fretting resistance with less friction. At present time, wear- resistant coatings on lightweight alloys are not widely used in military applications. The proposed advanced multifunctional boron coatings will benefit the surface material performance in complex environmental conditions, and increase operational life of military components.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ryan L. Hagelstrom
ARMY 09-040      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Carver
Abstract:Carver is a software tool used to manage, monitor, visualize and data mine information in regards to tactical ad hoc networks. Carver performs real time querying and viewing of information about all or parts of a tactical ad hoc network. Carver employs agents distributed across the tactical ad hoc network. Carver performs critical node, traffic and link analysis of ad hoc networks and does so in a manner that reduces the overhead needed to perform these tasks. Carver is designed to be platform independent and deployable on a wide range of host targets.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Jeffrey Baumes
ARMY 09-040      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Scalable and Temporal Data Analytics for Mobile ad
Abstract:Digital communications are vital to success on the modern battlefield. However, the abundance of networked resources, especially their ad hoc, dynamic character, introduces potential vulnerabilities including traffic overload and the formation of critical nodes. In order to manage these resources effectively, the warfighter must have appropriate analysis and visualization tools that can process large networks in real time. Because of the potential, extreme size of the networks this requires scalable computational solutions including multi-core processors, data parallel systems and/or GPUs. Kitware proposes to develop an open framework based on industry-standard informatics tools that have demonstrated capabilities to analyze and process large graphs such as those due to network analysis. The goal of the work is to incorporate a community of algorithms, common data structures and visualization in order to perform data mining, statistical analysis, and processing of dynamic, mobile ad hoc networks. Creating an architectural framework based on a proven quality software process will enable researchers, practitioners and commercial concerns contribute to, maintain and offer services to ensure the long-term viability of the project.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 7024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
ARMY 09-041      Awarded: 12/11/2009
Title:Scalable Programming models for Battle Command App
Abstract:Technology trends from the last decade indicate that future processing platforms will become increasingly parallel, driven by the development of multi-core chips and multi-chip processing systems. Such architectures have the potential for large speedups for many applications, but parallel programming techniques are required to exploit the parallel computational resources. However, in most industries, rewriting software to fit this new programming model is impractical. In an effort to conserve the applicability and improve the performance of legacy software, then it would be desirable to develop a technology that facilitates a distributed runtime environment for groups of concurrently running but cooperative codes that share data efficiently. Traditionally, this is done with coarse- grained synchronous I/O, where cooperating codes access files as a shared data medium. This is often inefficient, however, because a process may block on the availability of a complete file when in fact the data it needs is some subset of the file that is ready. Maxentric proposes to develop the Corevoyant Runtime system for facilitating data sharing between concurrently running software with no knowledge a priori of the sharing interface. This will enable legacy codes to run concurrently (e.g. on different cores or processors), significantly improving overall system performance.

PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3016 Covington Street
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 464-8997
Charles Lucas
ARMY 09-041      Awarded: 12/11/2009
Title:A Virtual Interface Simulation System for Battle Command Applications on Multi-Core and Cluster Architectures
Abstract:Distributed computing is used in a variety of fields and efficient data distribution among components is essential to the performance of such distributed systems. A new programming model that enables disparate software applications developed using a variety of different computer languages to share the required interface data while running concurrently on a cluster of multi-core computing nodes is becoming increasingly important. In this research, the focus is on the ability to incorporate battle command applications that are discrete-event simulations. The proposed programming model will allow for increased fidelity in simulations of complex battlefield environments by coupling multiple existing complementary applications thereby allowing them to work collaboratively in a distributed environment by sharing data on an as-needed basis without having a priori knowledge of the interfaces. This research will explore the feasibility of a software infrastructure that will satisfy the requirements of the Army’s scalable programming models for battle command applications. Prominent features of the proposed design include auto-discovery of the simulation applications by the supervisory application on a multi-core computer or a networked cluster, and the ability to auto-connect similar application data objects or suggest connections and allow users to connect application data objects at runtime.

Janya Inc.
1408 Sweet Home Road, Suite 1
Amherst, NY 14228
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 565-0401
John Chen
ARMY 09-042      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Approaches and Techniques for Specialized Characte
Abstract:The ability to rapidly spot named entities (NEs) such as persons, organizations, and locations in Arabic document image data is of strategic and tactical importance. An NE extraction system that performs this task faces numerous challenges. These include dealing with images representing both handwritten and character text, images where Arabic and Romanized scripts are mixed, and images of poor quality. Indeed, experiments on combined character recognition (CR) and NE extraction systems show that NE extraction performance degrades twice as fast as CR performance as more noise is introduced into the input images. The goal of this project is to develop a high-accuracy CR and NE extraction system whose input consists of images of Arabic text. Our approach is to perform CR and NE in a pipeline, with the CR component passing multiple best hypotheses to the NE extraction system. Joint inference over these multiple hypotheses are performed using $k$-best or approximate inference methods, improving overall system accuracy.

Polar Rain Inc
1427 Cerro Verde
San Jose, CA 94043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 793-9453
Ismail Haritaoglu
ARMY 09-042      Awarded: 11/25/2009
Title:Simultaneous Detection And Recognition of Named En
Abstract:Polar Rain proposes to study, and investigate approaches to develop a new data and computational models combining image-based features with language model to extract name entities in degraded Arabic printed and handwritten documents. The proposed approach will use robust shape features and computational model that simultaneously clean and restore document images and detect named entities. The proposed data models are specifically designed taking named entities characteristics into consideration. In phase-I, we will investigate how to design such data model which contains both image and language features together for complex degraded document images. Our computational models will use generative and descriptive models to extract names from recognition results that may contain significant error or partial recognition. The proposed approach will work both in handwritten and printed Arabic scripts. We will design a flexible software architecture so that the solution can be extended to other similar languages, such as Pashto, without extensive work and allows 3rd party OCR to be integrated with the system. We will evaluate and conduct experiments to measure feasibility and superiority of proposed solution over exiting NEE solution.

Los Gatos Research
67 East Evelyn Ave. Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 965-7772
Douglas Baer
ARMY 09-043      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Compact Gas-Phase Sulfur Analyzer for JP-8 Reforme
Abstract:In this SBIR effort, Los Gatos Research proposes to utilize its patented Off-Axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (Off-Axis ICOS) technology to develop a compact, sensitive analyzer capable of accurately quantifying gas-phase sulfur species (H2S and COS) in a JP-8 fuel reformer unit. The instrument will rapidly (< 10 seconds) detect < 1 ppmv of these sulfur species in the hot gas stream (300 – 600 °C) with no interference from other reformer species, immediate recovery from high sulfur levels, and reproducible baseline values with no calibration (e.g. no zero drift). Moreover, the analyzer will be compact (< 1300 in3) and integrate into < 10 % of the volume of the JP-8 fuel reformer unit (~ 13824 in3). In Phase I, LGR will demonstrate technical feasibility by fabricating an Off- Axis ICOS system for H2S quantification at low concentrations and testing the system to demonstrate its accuracy, precision, linearity, zero drift, response time, and cross- interferences. Extending the technology to measure other reformer gases will also be investigated. Two gas handling strategies will be evaluated to address the high sample temperature. Finally, the Phase I results will be used to develop a Phase II prototype that integrates into the JP-8 fuel reformer unit.

NexTech Materials, Ltd.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Lewis Center, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Lora B. Thrun
ARMY 09-043      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Gas Phase Sulfur Sensor for JP-8 Fueled Auxiliary Power Generation System
Abstract:Demand for fuel-efficient and reliable electrical power is escalating within the U.S. military. Fuel cells, which provide compact, efficient and energy-dense power, could find immediate application as portable battery chargers, auxiliary power units for silent-watch missions, and primary power for unmanned vehicles. For successful implementation of fuel cells operating on JP-8 logistics fuel, sensors must be developed to continuously monitor sulfur levels in the reformed fuel stream and protect the fuel cell stack from sulfur poisoning. Hydrogen sulfide sensors are commercially available, but they operate in ambient air and at temperatures much lower than those of fuel cell applications. NexTech Materials has established a unique ceramic materials technology platform for detecting H2S concentrations at ppb levels in reducing gas streams. In this project, NexTech will adapt its H2S sensor technology to gas-phase sensing of H2S and COS in reformed JP-8 fuels. Phase I efforts will focus on optimizing and demonstrating the H2S sensor technology for monitoring reformed JP-8 fuel streams, derived from different fuel processing approaches. Promising sensor formulations will be further evaluated against key application requirements. In a Phase I Option, a sensor prototype will be designed and developed for system-level demonstration in Phase II.

CBRITE Inc
421 Pine Avenue
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 722-1129
Chan Long Shieh
ARMY 09-044      Awarded: 1/22/2010
Title:Novel flexible sensor array integrated with a Flex
Abstract:A flexible active matrix image array is of great interest for both military and commercial applications. Such bendable image arrays allow a variable focal plane which eliminates bulky optics. Such image sensor on a non-fragile polymer substrate also enables a large- size, portable X-ray imager for battle-field medical screening, for ship, airplane, bridge and building structural inspections and for security inspections. The core technologies involving such non-fragile large size imagers are image sensor pixels and driving/readout circuits to collect image information from each sensor element. In this application, we propose a flexible, high pixel count image arrays made with semiconductor polymers. Integrating such image array with a non-fragile, flexible backpanel with pixel readout circuit forms a large-size active matrix imager. Such readout electronics can be made with a-Si TFT demonstrated at ASU-FDC, or metal-oxide TFT demonstrated at CBRITE. By placing a X-ray scintillation layer in front of the sensor layer, a large-size, non-fragile X- ray imager can be constructed. By selecting a polymer sensing material with broad band width (such IR material has been demonstrated by CBRITE under a DARPA program (HARDI, BAA 06-048), an IR image can be revealed or displayed with a flexible AMEPD or AMOLED display demonstrated at ASU-FPC.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
David Schut
ARMY 09-044      Awarded: 12/28/2009
Title:Novel flexible sensor array integrated with a Flex
Abstract:A team steeped in military electro-optical systems, flexible displays, and printed inorganic electronics proposes to prototype a flexible UV through short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) detector array, fabricated from solution using a novel set of flexible, transparent doped metal oxide semiconductors. The detector arrays will be implemented on the team’s ISO- qualified roll-to-roll flexible display manufacturing line. The conductors will be patterned on a pre-strained substrate in a herringbone/wishbone pattern for maximum flexibility. An n- doped ZTO anode will be nanoembossed with high-aspect-ratio features to increase flex and provide more surface area for the 5-nm PbS nanocrystal absorbers. This will allow 100% quantum efficiency from 400 to 2100 nm and background-limited performance (BLIP). The detector is already relatively mature, and the Phase I effort will be to integrate the detector materials in p- and n-doped metal oxide flexible circuits - ranging from simple passively addressed TFT circuits to 3T and dual-state omp-amp circuits - using all- inorganic materials. The Phase I platform will be designed to integrate the existing NC detector technology into a 320 × 240-element, 4" diagonal detector array. Attention will be paid during the program to integrating commercial driver sets and DC-DC converters developed for existing bistable electrophoretic displays.

Blue Wave Semiconductors Inc.
6208 Three Apple Downs
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 706-8833
Ratnakar Vispute
ARMY 09-045      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Development of GaN Substrates for High Power and M
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes innovative solid phase epitaxial recrystallization (SPER) of III-N system for development of lowest defect density epi-ready substrate technology for GaN/AlGaN device epitaxy. Our initial results predict defect free recrystallization of III-V nitrides processed under optimum conditions indicating potential for development of low defect density (<10E3/cm2) epi-ready lattice matched AlxGa(1-x)N system with composition x ranging from x=0 to 1. Using Blue Wave’s SPER process, it is possible to fabricate a wide range of defect free AlxGa(1-x)N thin film alloys over 4” diameter sapphire and SiC substrates in spite of their large lattice mismatch with epitaxially deposited layers. The overall aim of this project is to fully establish the SPER process for the entire range of composition of AlGaN that will provide a sound basis for the development of low defect density GaN epi-ready substrates for device epitaxy of RF electronics and future high-temperature-electronics. With low dislocation density and reduced inherent strain in the single crystal template layers of the SPER epi-ready substrates, newly grown AlGaN–GaN RF devices will be expected to have significant improved performance than current devices fabricated from two step heteroepitaxy on SiC and sapphire substrates.

Kyma Technologies, Inc.
8829 Midway West Road
Raleigh, NC 27617
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 789-8880
Gregory Mulholland
ARMY 09-045      Awarded: 1/6/2010
Title:Development of GaN Substrates for High Power and M
Abstract:Kyma Technologies proposes to document and model commonly observed GaN defect structures in device performance simulations to determine the acceptable level of defects to yield a Schottky diode appropriate for typical 600 V market specifications. Bulk GaN substrates have the potential to enable unprecedented GaN Schottky diode performance – better than Si and SiC devices – yet the bulk GaN materials must first be better understood and improved. By understanding which defects must be reduced or eliminated, we can understand the primary element in the critical path towards cost- effective high-yield high-performance Schottky diode device manufacturing. To such an end, Kyma has assembled a world class team of device and materials experts. In Phase I, a significant modeling effort will take place to determine the most important defects to reduce, mitigate or eliminate totally. Phase II will include a major device effort with the ultimate goal of producing device yields over a 2” diameter round wafer of greater than 50%.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-0077
HUGH MASTERSON
ARMY 09-046      Awarded: 11/19/2009
Title:Time Multiplexed Step and Stare Ultraresolution Ca
Abstract:An ultraresolution imaging system is proposed which reduces the required number of FPAs by about an order of magnitude. The system employs a muli-channel step and stare imaging array (SSIA) which coregisters the independent channel fields onto the centre of a single FPA. The system is constructed to achieve conjoined image fields from adjacent channel lenses by providing the correct lens tip and tilt with respect to the FPA. Switching between the channels is achieved using an active liquid crystal (LC) based shutter array. A standard twisted nematic (TN) shutter array can be adopted. Alternatively, to eliminate the polarization based 50% transmission loss, an approach using active LC based polarization gratings can be employed. Achromatization of the shutters over a broad spectral band is possible in both cases. Initial ZEMAX modeling during the proposal preparation showed an image field of at least 36°x36° is possible with a single SSIA. The full ultraresolution imaging system can be assembled in a modular fashion from several SSIA units. In Phase I, the optical, FPA, and shutter related parameter space for constructing a functioning SSIA will be investigated. A lab base SSIA prototype will be constructed to demonstrate the technology.

Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc.
2345 Anvil Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 344-7300
Judd Sheets
ARMY 09-046      Awarded: 12/1/2009
Title:Ultra Resolution Camera for C4ISR Applications
Abstract:The Army desires an extremely high resolution camera for surveillance applications. Present solutions do not possess the required resolution and are too heavy and too expensive for deployment in a UAV and too power intensive for long term deployment in unattended long term fixed position. A novel approach is required that can minimize these factors while improving resolution to achieve 0.3 meter resolution at 15,000 foot range. The Eclipse Energy systems, Inc. (Eclipse) concept uses a single lens and focal plane array to assemble a complete image by taking multiple images of the scene in rapid succession and moving the focal plane laterally in two dimensions between exposures. Eclipse Energy Systems, Inc. will reduce the weight and size of this system by changing the method used to achieve an uninterrupted image. While making a single continuous sensor, whether through a single or multiple sensor device, remains a worthy goal, simply rearranging the method used to fill in the gaps can bring large size and weight improvements.

Laser Operations, LLC
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 986-0000
Jeffrey Ungar
ARMY 09-047      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Eye-safe fiber-coupled laser pumps for high power
Abstract:Pump diode modules operating at 15xx nm for eye-safe fiber lasers with extremely high spatial and spectral brightness and good efficiency are proposed. Key elements include arrays of high power single-mode single-frequency diodes and efficient thermal management techniques.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Paul Leisher
ARMY 09-047      Awarded: 12/17/2009
Title:Eye-safe fiber-coupled laser pumps for high power
Abstract:Erbium-doped solid state and fiber lasers provide an attractive source at eyesafe wavelengths, and the potential for ultra-low quantum defect pumping by diode lasers operating around 1532-nm. Unfortunately, these systems, to date, have been limited by the spatial brightness of the diode pumps. Under the proposed Phase 1 program, nLight will design, fabricate, test, and deliver to the Army (or a recipient of their choosing) a >30W (rated) compact, conductively-cooled diode laser pump module, coupled to a 100 µm core, 0.15 NA fiber. The module is based on nLight’s Pearl platform, which has recently been leveraged to deliver record brightness in the 9xx-nm wavelength regime. This proposal seeks to extend the technique to the eyesafe wavelengths. The unit will emit at 1532.2 nm with a predicted electrical-to-optical efficiency (measured at the fiber output) of 27%. As an option to the program, nLight will design and deliver to the Army (or a recipient of their choosing) a similar-performing unit which is wavelength locked (spectral width < 0.5nm FWHM) by means of a volumetric Bragg grating. The module will include an integrated heater on the grating element to allow wavelength tunability in the range of +/- 0.2 nm.

Applied Signals Intelligence
719 Upham Pl. NW
Vienna, VA 22180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 210-4909
Timothy Miller
ARMY 09-048      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Controlled Bandwidth Transmission Systems for Ultra-Wideband Radars
Abstract:The problem is that current high resolution penetrating RF sensors are incapable of reliably detecting obscured/buried threats to human life, and both military and civilians are dying as a result. Moreover, the high costs and productivity losses caused by destructive testing make this topic of extremely high importance. This SBIR addresses the key element that drives the performance – the waveform, its generator, and the algorithms that compress it. ASI proposes an innovative solution with high technical merit as it (1) mitigates range ambiguities; (2) minimizes sidelobes for a given resolution, (3) minimizes the power consumption, (4) minimizes harmful interference to other radio systems; (5) minimizes the radiated power required to achieve a given SNR; (6) maximizes the dynamic range; (7) suffers the least SNR loss with motion, (8) is ultra stable so as to allow high performance coherent change detection over day/week time frames; (9) provides a user programmable spectrum (a) to spectrally notch frequency bands to avoid interference within any particular theater of operation and (b) to match different missions (e.g. imaging people through a wall versus detecting a weapons cache buried 3 ft underground), and (10) offers new compression algorithms that offer low sidelobes, even with spectral notches.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 1730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth A. Falcone
ARMY 09-048      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:A Self Calibrating Ultra-Wideband Pulse Notching T
Abstract:The Army is looking to develop and demonstrate a low-power, ultra-wideband (UWB) transmitter whose spectral content can be tailored to fit within certain limits, and avoid specific frequency bands. What is needed is a transmitter that can generate a waveform supporting 0.4 to 2.4 GHz with multiple programmed nulls in a pulse no longer than 50nS, along with an algorithm to compress the target return signal into an impulse. The average output power should support 5 mW, with -20 dBm/MHz. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by combining our capabilities in UWB notching filters and cancellers with our wideband digital waveform generator. Specifically, we intend to modify our digital waveform generator to support notching a 50 nS pulse having a 2.5 GHz bandwidth. The proposed self calibrating hardware design is based on our existing DSP board, and is targeted at a production cost of $2500 each in volume.

Sierra Lobo, Inc.
426 Croghan Street
Fremont, OH 43420
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 499-9653
Philip Putman
ARMY 09-049      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:High-G Magnetic Capture System
Abstract:High-g testing through controlled deceleration has proven to be a key to the successful development of electronics that must survive gun launch. A magnetic method of deceleration has been widely implemented in a related commercial application (amusement park rides), because magnetic braking has the advantages of simplicity, low-maintenance costs, high-repetition rates, and predictable performance. An advanced version of this technology can meet the higher deceleration needs of the Army Research Laboratory’s component testing program. This technology also improves the fidelity of the tests by allowing a deceleration profile to be programmed. Sierra Lobo, Inc. (Sierra Lobo) proposes to design, fabricate, and test a prototype High-G Magnetic Capture System (HGMCS) in Phase I. The simplicity of the configuration, the amenability of electromechanical systems in general to accurate performance prediction, and the availability of components for the system make it possible to fabricate and begin testing a full-scale prototype. During testing, emphasis will be placed on developing operating procedures and making design refinements that minimize both operating costs and the time that personnel must spend preparing for high-g simulations. Testing will continue during Phase II. If necessary, additional prototypes will be fabricated incorporating the lessons learned during testing.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6061
Scott Garner
ARMY 09-050      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:High Velocity Particle Consolidation Utilizing Liq
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project will develop an innovative High Velocity Particle Consolidation system using liquid particle acceleration mechanisms for Cold Spray applications. Conventional Cold Spray uses high pressure process gas to accelerate particles to a critical velocity, so that upon impact with a substrate, the particles plastically deform and create a coating. Abrasive Water Jet (AWJ) cutting uses high pressure water to accelerate abrasive particles to velocities in excess of 1000 m/s to remove material. Combining the advantages of conventional Cold Spray deposition with the more simplistic, yet effective AWJ cutting technology will result in a novel Liquid Cold Spray deposition method. Liquid Cold Spray will be able to obtain the critical velocity much more effectively by using a denser carrying fluid. The denser fluid will also allow powders to be supplied via Venturi Effect, eliminating the need for costly powder feeder arrangements used in traditional Cold Spray. Reaching the critical velocity more efficiently and simplifying system design will result in a more cost effective deposition system. By using a denser fluid accelerant, powders which lie outside of the conventional Cold Spray regime may be deposited, thereby producing a new class of materials and coatings.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Auburn, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom
ARMY 09-050      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:High Pressure Liquid Accelerated Cold Spray
Abstract:This proposal introduces a novel Direct Manufacturing process for making high performance components and coatings. This process has the potential to overcome many of the limitations of current technology and may make it possible to manufacture production quantity and quality parts directly from powder, minimizing material waste, reducing overall manufacturing costs and dramatically reducing lead time for new and replacement components. This new process is a modification of the emerging gas dynamic cold spray technology where the currently used gas is replaced by a high velocity liquid to accelerate the powders. Because it is approximately 1,000 times denser than gas, the liquid is much more effective at accelerating particles. Commercially available high pressure liquid pumps can drive the particles at speeds up to 1,000 m/s, well above the critical velocity required for adhesion for many coating applications. This project will consist of a series of parameter studies to determine effective operating conditions and nozzle designs.

American Engineering & Manufacturing
4622 French Creek Road
Sheffield, OH 44054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 846-5718
John Lawmon
ARMY 09-051      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Innovative manufacturing research on forming of la
Abstract:Based on the successful demonstration of induction heating and near net shape forming of titanium alloys, the concept is to be extended to other armor materials. The success of the process derives from the ability to heat a narrow band of material to a point at which its formability increases without metallurgical damage. Standard metallurgical processes and the GleebleTM Thermo Mechanical Simulator will be used to characterize and validate the induction heating concept for other armor alloys by: developing high temperature material properties; and straining material at high temperature for subsequent room temperature evaluation. These results will be compared with those from representative welds to ensure a balanced process comparison. The proposed Phase 1 option will consider new coil designs and how the effects of variable thermal emissivity can be resolved for closed loop temperature control. The developed technology is expected to be of benefit to both the DoD and commercial sector who will both be able to reduce manufacturing costs and work in progress, while providing an alternate to skill sensitive welding. The development of the GleebleTM technology will be of particular interest to the energy sector.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
John Cogar
ARMY 09-051      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Innovative manufacturing research on forming of la
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer the following response to this topic, ARMY 09-051 Innovative manufacturing research on forming of large light armor alloy sections resistant to blast and penetration. Corvid is offering to partner with the non-profit research institution Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC). We will investigate specialty welding techniques developed at CTC to determine applicability in forming armor plating. Further we will utilize high fidelity modeling and simulation to determine the armor’s effectiveness against penetration and blast before testing is required.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr
Stow, MA 01775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 298-5365
Arnis mangolds
ARMY 09-052      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Novel Variable Explosive Yield Concept
Abstract:The C-2I, Inc Tailorable Effects Munition (TEM) is a new application detcord arrays that offers multi-mode yields previously unachievable with bulk explosives. By taking advantage of the flight geometry grid design flexibility and initiation points, the same munition can act as a bulk explosive, a distributed explosive or by using colliding shock front loops a pattern of enhanced shock waves. The potential to go beyond merely dual mode is apparent by observation of the changing geometric shape and if proven the TEM design will offer the war-fighter an entirely new capability with asymmetric affects that can be matched to nearly any target type.

Energetic Materials & Products, Inc.
1413 Brandi Lane
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 380-1992
Dennis Wilson
ARMY 09-052      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Novel Variable Explosive Yield Concept
Abstract:This proposal describes two technical objectives and a detailed work plan to demonstrate the capability to provide both variable blast and selectable fragmentation from a single ordnance package. The first technical objective is to develop and test a warhead that will provide moderate blast with very low collateral damage through no fragment dispersion. The second technical objective is develop and test, using the same configuration but different initiation methods, a warhead that will provide enhanced blast and maximum fragment dispersion leading to unrestricted collateral damage. This proposal leverages recent advances in developing a novel class of high-energy-density, modified explosives called Aluminum Perfluoropolyether Explosives (APEX) developed by EMPI, that are candidates for selectable effects munitions. The APEX material is to be used together with a conventional explosive (HE) to provide this unique functionality. The optimum HE/APEX mass ratio and warhead configuration will be determined during Phase I analysis and testing. During the Option period, a test article more closely resembling an ordnance package will be designed and demonstrated based on the performance optimization efforts in Phase I.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
George Hansen
ARMY 09-053      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Disruptive fibers and textiles for flexible protec
Abstract:Development of ballistic grade fiber beyond aramid has not sufficiently evolved to achieve the performance requirements necessary for future personnel protection needs. New polymer fibers such as Zylon and M5 have shown promise, but long-term aging and difficulties in manufacturing respectively have hindered their realization. Researchers in this area have long known that incorporation of hydrogen bonding species along the polymer backbone could increase cohesive energy density and hence fiber mechanical properties. TRI/Austin proposes the development of a new organic fiber chemistry that will provide a high level of hydrogen bonding and crystallinity, cohesive energy density, and mechanical properties. The proposed fiber material, having bi-dentate hydrogen bonding, will exhibit properties superior to the aramids, which only have monodentate hydrogen bonds. The manufacturing process is expected to be significantly more cost effective than currently available high performance fibers. Based on the numerous monomers available for this proposed polymer technology, the long-term result is conceivably an entire family of related high strength polymer products. During Phase I TRI/Austin will model the effects of variations in monomer compositions on final polymer properties. These results will be used to downselect one polymer for fabrication of fiber for determination of mechanical properties.

Vorbeck Materials Corp.
8306 Patuxent Range Road Unit 105
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 497-9000
John Lettow
ARMY 09-053      Awarded: 3/2/2010
Title:Disruptive fibers and textiles for flexible protection
Abstract:Disruptive fibers for flexible armor and related applications require high modulus, tenacity, and thermal/environmental stability. In organic fibers, high stiffness arises from high molecular orientation, often coupled with high crystallinity within the polymer chains. On the other hand, the strength and modulus of composite fibers reinforced with fillers are mainly due to the load carrying capacity of the filler through load transfer at the interface. Nanoparticle fillers can reinforce the polymer matrix and can also modify the crystallization of the polymer matrix by changing the morphology of the crystalline phase and/or by increasing the crystallization rate. Combined with high strength nanofillers, new processes and materials may provide routes for optimizing the conventional processing of low-cost commodity polymers, as alternatives to expensive polymers.

Correlated Solutions, Inc.
120 Kaminer Way Pkwy. Suite A
Columbia, SC 29210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 926-7272
Hubert Schreier
ARMY 09-054      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Full Field, Out-of-Plane Digital Image Correlation (DIC) from Ultra-High Speed Digital Cameras
Abstract:The availability of ultra-high speed imaging equipment capable of frame rates up to 1 GHz has opened the potential for measurement of full-field three-dimensional deformation data during highly dynamic events by employing the digital image correlation method. However, due to the characteristics of ultra-high speed cameras as well as experimental conditions during ballistic events, the application of digital image correlation is not straightforward. We propose to develop novel image correlation algorithms and data pre- and post- processing technologies that address these issues and utilize the image data from ultra- high speed sensors to its optimal potential. Furthermore, we propose to develop an improved ultra-high speed image sensor that can provide greatly reduced bias in practical applications as well as enhanced light sensitivity. These developments will ultimately result in a full-field deformation measurement system capable of acquiring data at rates of 1 GHz with an accuracy comparable to current quasi-static stereo image correlation systems.

Hysitron Incorporated
10025 Valley View Road
Minneapolis, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 835-6366
S.A. Syed Asif
ARMY 09-055      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Versatile Micro/Nano-mechanical Load Frame For In
Abstract:In situ TEM based nano mechanical testing has been a powerful tool for directly correlating the mechanical response with the underlying physical mechanism and microstructure evolution when materials are subjected to a stress. However, geometrical restriction of the specimen thickness for electron transparency poses limitations with respect to the length scale and the choice of materials which can be tested. Applying in- situ mechanical testing to other high resolution microscopy techniques such as SEM, AFM and Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) opens up the possibility of testing a wider range of materials particularly soft polymers and biomaterials at the nanometer to micrometer length scale. Combining this real-time in-situ mechanical testing with Digital Image Correlation (DIC), for mapping the local strain, will revolutionize our understanding of deformation mechanics of materials. This project will develop a new quantitative in-situ micro/nano mechanical test instrument with interchangeable transducers which can be integrated into many microscopy systems (SEM, AFM, LSCM) yielding quantitative load- displacement data concomitant with real time images of the microstructural behavior. The images obtained can be analyzed using DIC for local strain mapping. In Phase I we will design the transducers, three axis positioner, modular frame, specimen holders, control hardware and software. The feasibility of the design will be studied using 3D CAD models and Finite Element Simulation. The fully-integrated system will built and tested in Phase II.

Psylotech LLC
820 Davis Street Suite 120
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 859-7200
Alex Arzoumanidis
ARMY 09-055      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Versatile Micro/Nano-mechanical Load Frame For In
Abstract:Bio-inspired polymer micro and nano composites motivate next generation armor materials. Predictive multi-scale models require small scale test equipment. The proposed microscale Universal Testing Machine (mUTS) aims at filling the void in commercial micro and nanoscale materials testing instrumentation. The methods and hardware proposed enable concurrent high resolution imaging of specimens by optical, atomic force or scanning electron microscopy. Applying Digital Image Correlation to captured images offers full-field strains in heterogeneous and nanostructured polymeric and biological materials, capturing the effects of local anisotropy. The modular nature of this mUTS allows for force measurements from nN to hundreds of Newtons. The mUTS facilitates creep and stress relaxation experiments with micro and nanoscale specimens, and tests at time scales of milliseconds to hours. These capabilities are essential for the characterization of viscoelastic/viscoplastic materials where time is integral in their constitutive behavior. Several considerations in the design of this apparatus aim at removing measurement artifacts and environmental effects, while a variety of specimen fixtures permits different stress/strain profiles in the tested materials. This proposal benefits from the synergy between an Academic expert with long experience in micro and nanoscale experimentation and Psylotech’s expertise in novel force sensors and viscoelastic materials testing.

Discovery Semiconductors, Inc.
119 Silvia Street
Ewing, NJ 08628
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 434-1311
Abhay M Joshi
ARMY 09-056      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Ultra-fast Photonics-enabled RF Arbitrary Waveform Generation Utilizing Highly Linear, High Power Photodiodes
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate a photonic radio-frequency (RF) arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) having (1) 3 dB bandwidth = 10 GHz, (2) time aperture > 2 ns (time- bandwidth product > 20), and (3) maximum RF output amplitude > 3 V. This performance will be facilitated by our proposed highly linear, high-power 10 GHz bandwidth photodiodes which will deliver > 3 V peak RF amplitude, thereby enabling a 6-fold improvement over the state-of-the-art in photonic AWGs. Additionally, the photodiode will provide high amplitude linearity (> 50 dBm OIP3) and high phase linearity (< 2 rad/W power-to-phase conversion factor) in order to maximize the dynamic range as well as to reduce the timing jitter of photonic AWGs. Our photodiodes’ inherently low polarization dependent loss (< 0.1 dB) combined with the proposed modifications in the photonic AWG architecture will lead to a stable operation for > 1 hour without any polarization adjustments. During the Phase I Option period, the 3 dB bandwidth of the proposed photodiode and the photonic AWG will be extended to 20 GHz, while maintaining the other specifications.

S2 Corporation
2310 University Way Building 4-1
Bozeman, MT 59715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 922-0334
Peter Sellin
ARMY 09-056      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Photonics-enabled Radio-Frequency Arbitrary Waveform Generation
Abstract:We propose to analyze and design prototype hardware, and demonstrate basic capabilities in a Phase I effort, based on coherent accumulation and interference of spectrally shaped waveforms to achieve wideband RF arbitrary waveform generation. The combined specifications include bandwidths of 10-40 GHz, time bandwidth products >>50 given the bandwidth and long time apertures with complete control of phase and amplitude of the signals, with bipolar waveform generation. The technology enables agile waveform generation for communications, sensor, radar and surveillance applications.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
ARMY 09-056      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Photonics-enabled Radio-Frequency Arbitrary Waveform Generation
Abstract:There is increasing need for arbitrary RF waveforms with very wide instantaneous bandwidths for defense and commercial applications. Standard electronic approaches have limited bandwidth and are sensitive to electromagnetic interference. Photonic approaches are believed to be the solution because light is wideband and non-dispersive in RF. Fourier transform pulse shaping (FPS) and Direct Space-to-time pulse shaping (DST) are two main techniques to generate RF arbitrary waveforms. However, FPS requires massive numerical computations in order to find the Fourier components of the wanted RF waveform. DST is simple in controlling the waveforms but it cannot produce very large time-bandwidth product waveforms. SA Photonics is pleased to propose a program to develop a high performance Photonic programmable Arbitrary RF Waveform generation System (PAWS). The PAWS is a compact and robust fiber optics system capable of producing bipolar, large time-bandwidth product and repetitive RF pulses with programmable pulse envelopes. It combines the advantages of FPS and DST but does not have their pitfalls. It contains a DST pulse shaper, waveform time stretcher, waveform bandwidth extender and bipolar waveform generation.

MOXtronics, Inc.
1309 Elsdon Ct.
Columbia, MO 65203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 882-3174
Yungryel Ryu
ARMY 09-057      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Ultraviolet photodetectors based on wide-bandgap o
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will fabricate solar-blind UV detectors (SBDs) using BeZnO, a new wide bandgap semiconductor material developed by the proposing company, MOXtronics, Inc. These SBDs would be very sensitive and efficient for detection of UV radiation in the spectral range 265 - 280 nm. Their response time would be in the range 100 ns ~ 1 ƒÝsec, and the peak ratio of the responsivity in the spectral region below 280 nm to that in the visible will be „d 5 orders of magnitude. Fabrication of the proposed SBDs will be based on success in synthesis of new BeZnO alloys and formation of ohmic contacts to BeZnO.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Hyesog (Joe) Lee
ARMY 09-057      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:High Responsivity Solar Blind Detector Based On Zn
Abstract:Several Army applications that utilize ultra violet light emitting diodes (UV LEDs) require high responsivity solar blind detectors (SBDs) what will replace currently used PMTs. On-going development efforts in each of SiC and GaN based APDs have not yet met the performance requirements Tanner Research is proposing to leverage recent developments in ZnO UV photodetectors to build a high responsivity SBD with sufficiently low dark current noise. We will use proven concepts and take full advantage of our prior knowledge and experiences in recent experimental demonstration of a high gain ZnO UV detector. In Phase I, we will provide key design parameters in building the final device.

Cermet, Inc.
1019 Collier Road Suite C1
Atlanta, GA 30318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 351-0005
Jeff Nause
ARMY 09-058      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:ZnO alloy based LEDs and laser diodes
Abstract:Cermet proposes to demonstrate MgZnCdO based light emitting diodes on native substrates. This will be accomplished by focusing on three technical areas. First, Cermet will increase its existing p-type ZnO capability to greater than 1e18 holes per cm^3. Second, Cermet will refine alloy growth across the quaternary system to address a wide emission wavelength range. Finally, Cermet will develop light emitting diodes at specific wavelengths.

ZN Technology, Inc.
910 Columbia Street
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 989-8880
Jizhi Zhang
ARMY 09-058      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Zn(Mg,Cd)O Heterostructure Light Emitters
Abstract:Recent developments in p-type doping of ZnO, a wide gap semiconductor with high potential for efficient, UV and visible LEDs and laser diodes, have enabled successful fabrication of ZnO LEDs with emission in the near UV. However, issues of p-type layer quality, reproducibility, and stability have hindered process in improving the LED''s efficiency. In this project, p-type doping processes will be developed that will enable efficiency increases to usable and commercial levels. ZnO-based heterostructures will be developed that will further add to the efficiency improvement and permit tunability over a wide range of the UV, from UVA to UVC, along with the visible range. Bulk ZnO substrates will be enhanced with the addition of Mg to reduce defect levels in the LEDs, improving both their efficiency and lifetime.

Gencia Corporation
706 B Forest Street
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 295-4800
Shaharyar M. Khan
ARMY 09-059      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:The Energetics of Cognitive Performmance: Regulation of Neuronal Adenosine Triphosphate Production
Abstract:Mitochondria are the power houses of the cell and, as such, regulate many physiological parameters such as power, endurance and cognition. Increasing mitochondrial performance would increase these parameters. To date, approaches to increasing mitochondrial function are limited. Most approaches involve increasing the concentration of metabolites necessary for proper mitochondrial function, such as creatine. We have developed a recombinant protein, (rhTFAM or recombinant human Transcription Factor A Mitochondrial) based on the mitochondrial transcription factor, that rapidly and robustly increases mitochondrial function in living animals including endurance and motor coordination by over two fold in three weeks. Brain, heart and muscle mitochondrial activity and ATP are increased significantly (ranging over 35-300%). RhTFAM is safe even after monthly dosing over a 10 month period in mice and reduces oxidative stress. We are applying for Army funding to test effects of rhTFAM on physical and cognitive performance in mice in SBIR Phase I studies with the intent to accelerate the clinical development of rhTFAM as a mitochondrial therapeutic capable of optimizing ATP production in Phase II studies.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 483-4234
Zhiguo Zhou
ARMY 09-059      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Fullerene Nanomedicine to Enhance Neuronal Adenosine Triphosphate Production Capacity
Abstract:Cognitive performances are significantly reduced for older soldiers, due to the reduced production of the primary energy molecule of the body - adenosine triphosphate. The aging-dependent mitochondrial insufficiency is thought to play a dominating role. The development of a therapeutic drug which can enhance ATP production and improve energetic capability is crucial to maintain soldiers’ performance and extend their duty-time. The current attempts to counter mitochondrial insufficiency include frequent exercise and antioxidants, but the effects are very limited. Luna Innovations proposes to use nanomedicine technology to develop prototype compounds with stimulatory effects on neuronal ATP production. Luna has developed an extensive portfolio of fullerene nanosphere compounds which showed promises in treating aging-related diseases. Fullerene nanospheres are thought to scavenge the toxic free radicals generated in mitochondria, enhance the electron transport capacity in oxidative phosphorylation, and build a greater potential gradient across the inner membrane, efficiently driving ATP Synthase. In Phase I, Luna will develop and validate a high throughput screening assay based on the ATP-requiring luciferin-luciferase bioluminescence, and test nanosphere compounds to build a structure-activity relationship for designing and testing more compounds in Phase II.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Larry Dunst
ARMY 09-060      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Virtual RF Environment
Abstract:We plan to develop a Virtual Radio Frequency (RF) Environment for testing Command, Control, Communications (C3) systems. Testing the large tactical C3 systems requires fielding hundreds of nodes and providing thousands of signals/messages to meet the operational requirements. This is very expensive and often the large numbers of systems are not available. Our Virtual RF Environment (VRE) would allow a few representative C3 systems to be immersed in an environment of hundreds of virtual emitters and exercised through various scenarios of operation. This virtual environment will interact with real radios/communications systems to stress them as they would be in the real world. Thus, the VRE will permit Hardware-in-the-loop and Software-in-the-loop testing.

Echo Ridge, LLC
11127 Elmview Place
Great Falls, VA 22066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 437-0404
John Carlson
ARMY 09-060      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Virtual RF Environment
Abstract:Echo Ridge and partner Comsearch, propose to develop a system design for a practical, realistic and verifiable Virtual RF Environment (VRE), including simulation and prototyping of key technical facets to reduce risk. Our vision for the end state of the research is the availability of a productized VRE platform configured from COTS components, useful for lab-based developmental testing of military C3 and commercial wireless devices in a user- defined, field emulation environment. The platform will also support research-oriented testing for emerging RF technologies such as cognitive radios and advanced MIMO antennas. A key research contribution is the development of high fidelity and practical System-Under-Test to VRE interfaces. Our technical approach is to emulate a realistic RF environment in the digital domain which allows for the most flexible and realistic environment, and takes full advantage of many emerging technologies. Some innovative features of our design include: partition of real time and non-real time processing to reduce hardware platform cost and complexity, support “replay” of testing, support use of “captured RF environments” in testing, efficient implementation of RF sub-banding, means to model a wide range of antenna types including MIMO antenna systems, and means to test systems with DF/geolocation capabilities.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gordon Drew
ARMY 09-061      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Miniature Encrypted Random Addressing Holographic Memory Cube Data Storage System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for compact, robust, real-time, high-capacity holographic data storage (HDS) for test instrumentation, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Miniature Encrypted Random Addressing Holographic Memory Cube Data Storage (MERAH) system. This proposed system is based on novel use of tunable laser diode array for recording/readout to achieve fast recording and readout speed and random addressing with virtually unbreakable encryption, an optical phase-conjugate design for system ruggedness and compactness, and multiple-page read/write technology to achieve ultra-high storage capacity (> 8 terabytes) and data transfer rate (> 2 Gbits/s). The MERAH system is a ruggedized stand-alone unit operating on 12/24 VDC power with size of < 20 cubic inches and power consumption < 20 watts. It offers standard interfaces to existing instrumentation through IEEE 1394 (Firewire) and Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) II connections and is capable of storing classified information. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MERAH by investigating the system design by computer modeling, and fabricating and testing a breadboard prototype in a simulated corrosive environment. In Phase II, an advanced, miniaturized MERAH engineering prototype will be assembled and tested both at POC and at an Army facility.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
ARMY 09-061      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Compact, Robust, Real Time, High Capacity Data Storage for test Instrumentation
Abstract:Based on our success in developing several world’s first femtosecond fiber laser systems and our leading technology development in holographic storage, PolarOnyx and Stanford University proposes, for the first time, a fs fiber laser system based HMC system to meet with the requirement of the solicitation ARMY 09-061. The fiber laser HMC system is superior in terms of flexibility, size, and cost. Experiment will be carried out in phase I to evaluate the feasibility. A prototype will be given in Phase II.

Shared Spectrum Company
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 110
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 462-6943
Mark McHenry
ARMY 09-062      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Causality & Prediction of Radio Frequency Encroachment on Test & Training Ranges
Abstract:The goal of this project is to build a software tool to predict of man-made signals and RF noise levels at large distance (km’s) from the sources to enable management of the RF environment at DoD test ranges. These test ranges have a low level of man-made noise, which is critical for the testing for various DoD SIGNIT, communications and jamming systems. As urban development increases in the areas surround the test ranges, the level of man-made signals increases in a complex and hard to predict manner. If a tool existed to estimate the increase of the RF noise within the DoD range, then DoD could work with local policy makers or with the developers to either limit the growth or to impose restrictions on the equipment located near the range. The project leverages existing dynamic spectrum sensing and access technology developed under DARPA XG program, existing urban spectrum measurement tools deployed for the National Science Foundation and current works in wireless microphone detection for TV white space applications.

AshRem Technologies
500 E. Santa Anita Ave. #C
Burbank, CA 91501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 845-5820
Ashitosh Swarup
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Chaos-Based Satellite Digital Communication System
Abstract:This proposal presents a methodology to develop a next-generation digital communication system that uses chaotic signals. The use of chaotic signals in digital communication systems offers several advantages. First, the noise-like properties of chaotic signals, both in their time- and frequency-domain representations, prevent them from being easily detected, giving greater immunity from eavesdropping and interception compared to spread-spectrum communication systems that use binary spreading sequences. Second, an infinite number of chaotic spreading waveforms can be generated, each with strong autocorrelation properties and weak cross-correlation properties; hence, a theoretically infinite number of users can be supported on a particular band, with minimum interference from other channels. Third, chaotic signals possess the salient features of broadband communication systems such as multipath mitigation and resistance to jamming. The proposed Phase I effort aims to analyze the feasibility of using chaotic signals in satellite digital communication systems through a software simulation approach. Three modulation/demodulation schemes will be programmed in MATLAB. Their performance will be evaluated under different criteria such as signal-to-noise ratio and the presence of jamming. These systems allow a straightforward hardware implementation for commercialization purposes; the hardware design steps are outlined as part of the proposed Phase I Option effort.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Chaotic Modulation for Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Communications Systems
Abstract:Chaotic communication has attracted much interest due to its potential for secure communications and its potential for high data rates. In this proposal, GIRD Systems proposes to perform a feasibility study to evaluate, develop, and finally implement (in Phase II) some promising chaotic modulation approaches for SATCOM channels.

Terry Consultants Inc
1415 N. Taft Street Suite 285
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 349-5641
John Terry
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Chaotic Modulation for Satellite Communications (SATCOM) Communications Systems
Abstract:Chaotic modulation techniques represent a new paradigm for communication systems. Unlike conventional sequences, chaotic spreading codes can be generated for any number of users and allocated bandwidth. The development of a chaotic modulator and demodulator for SATCOM communication systems will allow the Warfighter with the capability of increased Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) bandwidth as well as a greatly reduced chance of unfriendly signal detection and interception. TCI''s vision of the end state of this research is twofold: 1) a drop in, militarized satellite modem product which adapts existing links to use chaotic modulation, and 2) a turn-key design and simulation capability to enable the quick and efficient introduction of this technology in new, custom, and retrofit designs. In both cases, TCI and its collaborators will introduce cognitive radio and software defined radio techniques to ensure that the best modulation technique and parameters are chosen at run time for a given link.

Torrey Pines Technologies Group, Inc.
12225 World Trade Drive, Suite P
San Diego, CA 92128
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 676-0749
Phil Biggs
ARMY 09-063      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Chaotic Modulation for Satellite Communications (S
Abstract:A new approach to satellite communications (SATCOM) can be realized by use of chaotic modulation methods. Covert SATCOM signals are a growing area of interest. Low probability of detection and interception (LPI/LPD) are becoming critically important for SATCOM operation in unfriendly territory. New research has identified chaotic modulation techniques as having great promise to reduce transmit spectral energy while adding to the data security of the link. One of the ways to improve LPI/LPD is to use chaotically timed pulse sequences. Called Chaotic Pulse Position Modulation (CPPM), each pulse has an identical shape but the time delay between them varies chaotically. Because information in contained entirely in the timing between pulses, the distortions that affect the pulse shape will not significantly influence the ability of the chaotic pulse generators to synchronize. Therefore, chaotic synchronization can be achieved using realistic channels and at the same time bandpass filters can be used for noise reduction. Variations on CPPM are described: using CDMA applied to the pulses, chaotic amplitude decision boundaries, rate adaption techniques, and a variation on Paired Carrier Multiple Access (PCMA). Together these techniques promise to increase bandwidth, increase security, and increase the covert appearance of SATCOM signals.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-0077
JAY STOCKLEY
ARMY 09-065      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Air to Ground Free Space Optical Communication Lin
Abstract:Boulder Nonlinear Systems proposes to use its beam control system expertise to examine the feasibility of developing a free space optical terminal for air to ground optical communication. The proposed technology will emphasize size, weight and power constraints to improve the probability of eventual deployment on platforms with low payload capabilities. During Phase I, BNS will perform a component and subsystem assessment, define a systems architecture, and demonstrate component and subsystem capabilities. A design for the free space optical communications system will be included as part of the final report.

SA Photonics
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
ARMY 09-065      Awarded: 1/28/2010
Title:Free Space Optical Connections for Airborne On-the-Move Nodes at High Data Rates Over Extended Distances
Abstract:UAVs offer a low cost, highly capable aerial platform that can be used without risk to aircrews. The value of the RQ-4 Global Hawk and the MQ-1C Warrior in Operation Iraqi Freedom, and the war in Afghanistan, has been well publicized. New, high resolution sensor payloads and an overall increase in network connectivity demand is generating more required bandwidth than existing RF/Microwave links can deliver to UAV missions. Free Space Optical communications (FSO) offer unprecedented bandwidth, but must overcome unique challenges associated with atmospheric channel fading and require precise beam steering to illuminate far-end apertures with their very narrow beams. SA Photonics has developed “Raptor”, its comprehensive solution to ultra-high bandwidth On-the-Move FSO communications. Raptor provides up to 10Gbps of scalable bandwidth, with unprecedented immunity to atmospheric interference. By combining advanced modulation technology to reduce power by 5X, with our AccuPoint and BeamDirector beam steering systems which reduce size by 5X, Raptor delivers significant cost, size, weight and power advantages over other approaches. SA Photonics Raptor systems, when deployed, will enable ultra-high bandwidth UAV missions, and will not be burdened by the frequency regulations and bandwidth congestion currently experienced with RF/Microwave links.

Syntonics LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-0500
Steve Gemeny
ARMY 09-066      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:Distributed Satellite Communications (SATCOM) On-t
Abstract:We will demonstrate the feasibility of a multi-band distributed SOTM (D-SOTM) antenna system based on the Team’s pixel-addressable reconfigurable conformal antenna (PARCA) Software-Defined Antenna™ technology. PARCA is a phased array technology that operates under software control to be pointing-agile, frequency-agile, polarization- agile, low profile, and affordable in production. PARCA tiles, notionally 4-in squares approximately 3/4-in thick in this concept, are distributed onto available vehicle surfaces such that many tiles have a field of view in all azimuths and elevations. While antenna gain is frequency dependent, gains of +34 dBic at 20 GHz up to +40 dBic at 44 GHz are practical for PARCA apertures with a projected area of approximately 144-in^2 (that is, nine 4-in square tiles) in the direction of the satellite. In one concept, all analog signal processing (e.g., up/down frequency conversion, I/Q modulation/demodulation, amplification) is contained in each tile; the signal connection to/from each tile from the central processing unit is digital, probably using optical fiber to mitigate EMI/EMC issues and reduce weight.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Ryan N. Strader
ARMY 09-066      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Distributed Satellite Communications (SATCOM) On-t
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop an electrically reconfigurable SATCOM On-the-Move (OTM) distributed-aperture communications system for use over the DoD Wideband Global System at X- and K/Ka-bands. The system will incorporate: 1) Toyon’s Electrically Reconfigurable Endfire Planar Phased Array antenna design (recently validated under Army CECOM SBIR II contract no: W15P7T-06-C-P248), and 2) Toyon’s Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) DSP-based signal distribution and combining architecture. Toyon’s unique reconfigurable antenna technology allows the beam from each aperture to be steered down to 70-degrees off boresight, a significant improvement over traditional flat panel arrays. Toyon’s proposed design is scalable in both element count and frequency, and is less than 3” high. Each antenna system will contain several apertures, coordinated by a central node using Toyon’s MIMO signal distribution and combining architecture. The system will adjust for hard- and soft-blockage challenges, differences in the physical mounting planes between apertures, and signal losses due to fading. All beam steering will be performed electrically without the use of mechanical steering, and the required beam-steering controllers will use a GPS-linked Inertial Navigation Unit (INU).

Invertix Corporation
8201 Greensboro Drive Suite 800
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 813-2160
Dan Law
ARMY 09-067      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Content Dependent Bandwidth Enhancement
Abstract:We propose an analog transmission of a speech cepstrum for the dual purposes of bandwidth reduction and improvements in speech quality under extremely challenging channel environments. By utilizing the speech cepstrum, we exploit a well-studied and widely-used sparse representation of speech. The novelty in the method is that we propose to “spread” the waveform defined by the first few cepstral coefficients over the speech frame length, i.e. time-domain spreading. This spread cepstrum approach reduces the bandwidth and may offer robustness to noise for low-power applications.

Perceptral LLC
1436 Monroe Ave
Racine, WI 53405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 259-9665
Jonathan Pearl
ARMY 09-067      Awarded: 2/17/2010
Title:User Control for Content Reconstruction in Speech Compression
Abstract:This Army SBIR Phase I effort is intended to examine and document the feasibility of expanding a novel proprietary technique of lossy speech compression that allows reconstruction of a perceptually equivalent signal through the extraction of salient bits of data. This expansion is meant to provide user-input at the stage of extraction from an uncompressed signal. Essentially, this would permit a user to adjust the means for defining the template for reconstruction. We envision four related adjustments, which could be viewed like dials on an old-fashioned ham radio, implemented in this case as software-based controls. Combined, these adjustments would allow an end-user sufficient control over the variables involved to permit reconstructions based on various parts of the signal in flexible relation to each other.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2503
Christy Vestal
ARMY 09-068      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Novel Materials and Designs for Low Cost, High Per
Abstract:The use of conformal and embedded antennas can significantly reduce the visibility of communications antennas and improve aerodynamic performance for a number of ground and airborne platforms including Humvees, Mine Resistance Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles, and Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs). Despite these advantages, the largest limitation for conventional conformal and embedded antennas is the tradeoff between reducing the profile of the antenna and maintaining antenna performance. To overcome these challenges, Luna Innovations has been developing specially engineered materials as the antenna substrate. The Phase I effort will focus on design and modeling of a novel antenna that fully leverages the electromagnetic material properties of the substrate. Luna has teamed with a leader in the field of antenna development to optimize and integrate the novel materials technology with a cutting edge antenna design. In the Phase I program the antenna will be designed and modeled and a prototype antenna will be fabricated and characterized. The program will leverage a low cost, high throughput technology to rapidly prototype and produce the antennas.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 1862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Patanjali Parimi
ARMY 09-068      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Ultra Wideband Conformal Printable Metamaterial An
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes an innovative solution to the Army’s need for a conformal printable antenna system to support a communication relay radio for HMMWVs, small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles such as the Shadow 200, and soldier jackets and/or helmets. Our innovation is based on a novel wideband electromagnetic band gap (EBG) metamaterial design that allows us to obtain a low profile, broadband antenna element that operates in the VHF-UHF range and also apply our Direct Write technique for printing the antenna on a doubly curved surface. During Phase I, the metamaterial printable antenna concept will be refined using high fidelity numerical modeling and simulation tools. The performance of the antenna will be simulated, including platform effects, and validated through the manufacture and testing of a hardware demonstrator. A full scale prototype will be fabricated in the follow-on Phase II program. The prototype will be tested on a representative platform structure to demonstrate the antenna’s wideband performance capabilities, its flexibility, and its ability to adhere to the skin of HMMWV, Shadow 200 UAV and soldier helmets/jackets.

Omni Sciences, Inc.
647 Spring Valley Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 420-0190
Michael J. Freeman
ARMY 09-069      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:High Efficiency Multi-band Mid-Infrared Superconti
Abstract:Fixed and rotary winged aircraft require directed infrared counter-measures (DIRCM) systems to self-protect against heat seeking missiles, and the multi-spectral light source used in DIRCM is a key enabling technology and differentiator. A super-continuum (SC) laser is an attractive candidate for the DIRCM light source, but to be efficacious the SC must be capable of being modulated with jamming codes, the wall-plug efficiency of the SC generation must be improved, and the power in each of the DIRCM wavelength bands must be increased. Omni Sciences, Inc. (OSI) has developed a Mid-Infrared Super- continuum Laser (MIRSCL) using fibers and telecom components and that generates broadband, super-continuum covering simultaneously the wavelength range from ~0.8 to ~4.3 microns. To meet the Army DIRCM requirements, the MIRSCL will be modulated to support jamming codes with 25% duty cycle, and the electrical power consumption and heat dissipation will be reduced by modulating the power amplifier pump lasers. In addition, the MIRSCL wall-plug efficiency can be increased by a factor of 2-3X by using a thulium-doped power amplifier to replace the current erbium/ytterbium fiber amplifier. The SC power will be increased and optimized for Band IV–A (3.8-4.3 microns) by using a high-NA ZBLAN fluoride fiber.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
ARMY 09-069      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Compact High Power Broadband Fiber Laser for EO/IRCM
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 10 W femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser and nonlinear fiber optics, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact all fiber based high power (>10 W) mid-IR supercontinuum source (1-5 micron) to meet with the requirement of the Army solicitation. The laser is a specialty fiber based MOPA incorporating our proprietary technology of pulse shaping, spectral shaping and polarization shaping in generation of pump source at 2 um and mid-IR supercontinuum generation. A tabletop experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame for proof of the concept. A compact hardware will be delivered in Phase II.

Emitech, Inc
150 Harvard St.
Fall River, MA 2720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 324-0758
I. A. Levitsky
ARMY 09-070      Awarded: 12/23/2009
Title:Portable Stand-off Detection of IEDs Based on Fluo
Abstract:We propose to study and develop a novel, highly sensitive and selective optochemical portable detection system for stand-off detection (more than 300 m) of IED hazard. In Phase-I, the feasibility of the concept will be demonstrated at a distance of 150 m for major nitro-explosives (TNT, RDX, PETN) deposited on the surface with concentration ~ ng/mm2. The two main transduction mechanisms will be tested: polymer fluorescence quenching and spectral shift of resonance peak of nanoporous Si microcavity infiltrated with imprinted silica. The unique nanodevice structure provides a large surface area between the sensory material and the analytes leading to the highest sensitivity, which is critical for fast detection (response time is about several seconds) of low vapor pressure explosives. Stand-off sensing will be provided by ballistic delivery in conjunction with laser excitation/interrogation followed by the signal processing. The proposed technology is highly innovative and promising for future developments. We have demonstrated some of the key issues for its implementation, thus the successful completion of Phase-I is highly possible. In Phase-II, the developed prototype will be capable of detecting IEDs from the stand-odd distance of more than 300 meters in the presence of common operational interferences.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Bradley Sallee
ARMY 09-070      Awarded: 11/13/2009
Title:Explosive Detection System
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a man portable explosive hazard detection system composed of 3 subsystems: a miniature class 1 eye-safe LADAR adapted to provide explosive detection and classification through the use of Raman scattering spectroscopy; a 35GHz staring radar with primary and third harmonic cross section measurement capability; and a cell phone detection and jamming set. The group of devices allows detection and classification of explosive residue, detection of metals and metal or electronic assemblies, and the detection and jamming of cell phone triggers. Key to this system is integration into a hand held device which interfaces to a tough book or equivalent computer, allowing it to be carried and operated by dismount troops. The LADAR is an adaptation of the SPEC family of miniature 32 channel scanning LADARs. One channel will receive the transmit wavelength for ranging and 3D imaging, and the other 31 channels are tuned to Stokes backscatter spectral lines of explosives of interest. The fiber DWDM receiver structure allows 0.175nm receive bands with temperature stability of 5% of band over wide 165F to -65F operating band. The LADAR achieves 8/1 signal to noise ratio on single photon detects, allowing near theoretical receiver performance.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
ARMY 09-071      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Window Mounted UHF Antenna System
Abstract:Through this program FIRST RF plans to develop an innovative UHF window mounted antenna to be installed on the interior window of a fixed or rotary wing aircraft. The installation requires no modifications to the interior of the vehicle. The proposed design leverages a FIRST RF L-Band window mounted antenna that has been flown for the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The antenna uses multiple high strength vacuum suction cups that can be actuated by hand. The proposed technology also addresses human safety considerations by minimizing back lobe radiation. The antenna achieves high gain and is capable of handling high power requirements. It is light weight, simple, producible, and very easy to install. The installation time for this antenna is under 20 minutes.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Rod Waterhouse
ARMY 09-071      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:Window Mounted UHF Antenna System
Abstract:In this Phase I effort Pharad will build on its extensive experience developing high performance conformal flexible antenna technologies to create a window mounted UHF antenna system for MRFT (Miniaturized RF Tag) applications in Rotary and Fixed Wing Aircraft. In Phase I we will investigate a variety of conformal antenna configurations utilizing different innovative approaches. The antenna assembly will be flexible and can be adhered to a variety of planar and non planar glass surfaces. We will evaluate the various UHF antenna configurations with the objective of creating the solution that gives the best performance. We will use full-wave electromagnetic simulation tools in this evaluation and include part of the airframe surrounding the window in the simulations. During Phase I we will also investigate suitable flexible materials and adhesives that will enable our UHF antenna to be conformal and fit-to-form and therefore easily attached to the aircraft window. Once the optimal antenna design has been finalized, we will fabricate a proof-of-concept prototype of the antenna and measure its RF performance. In our Phase I Option activity we will carry out experimental and theoretical studies to verify the safety of the proposed UHF window mounted antenna.

QuickFlex, Inc
8401 N. New Braunfels Suite 324
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 473-0007
Steven Smith
ARMY 09-072      Awarded: 4/12/2010
Title:QuickMANet - Fault Management and Self-Healing for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:Complex wireless ad hoc networks present unique and substantial challenges in the presence of faults, and unlike wire networks, faults are typically transient and quite common. In response to these challenges, QuickFlex, Inc. proposes QuickMANet, a novel fault management, diagnosis, and self-healing system for wireless ad hoc networks. QuickMANet uses distributed, cooperating management nodes in the virtual hierarchy that enables a global fault status perspective even on very large wireless ad hoc networks, including those with mobile elements. The system relies on real-time network modeling of potential faults as fault signatures are observed in the operating network. The modeling helps to define the search space relevant to a particular observed signature, and this information is then used to drive an artificial intelligence-based diagnosis and self-healing response capability. The QuickMANet concept is highly scalable, adaptable, protocol- independent, and spans both wired and wireless networks.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Bao-Hong Shen
ARMY 09-072      Awarded: 4/29/2010
Title:Proactive Fault and Healing Management (PFHM) for MANET
Abstract:Enabling effective fault management in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs), to guide the self healing mechanisms, can tremendously improve the reliability and performance of network-centric systems, such as Warfighter Information Network - Tactical. The existing approaches assume hard failures of network components and resource availability for healing process. However, MANET often exhibits highly unpredictable behaviors that are intermittent, transient and highly resource-constrained, in which traditional methods fail to respond. We propose a system of fault management that is capable of detecting soft failures for both known and unknown errors, to guide our comprehensive set of healing mechanisms and processes. The system realizes a concept from biological immune systems for its advantages to direct our strong network technology base for protection and recovery in MANETs. We also propose to use selected sets of key network parameters at various layers of protocol stack for execution and evaluation. Realistic scenarios from Army are chosen for experimental study. The effort of Phase I and Options will include developing the proposed fault and self-healing management, building the corresponding key algorithms, evaluating the feasibility under chosen scenarios, and designing the prototype of a system solution.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
101 Bleecker Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-0101
Walter E. Szczepanski
ARMY 09-073      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Clutter Mitigation Techniques for Ground-Based, Gr
Abstract:Helios Remote Sensing Systems and SRC, Inc. will investigate and validate innovative clutter mitigation techniques for clutter as seen from a radar sensor located near the Earth’s surface. The new techniques will operate effectively in highly non-Gaussian, variable, multifaceted, relatively intractable clutter. Radar operation for dismount detection ranges of 200 meters to 3 km from as low as 0.1 meter to 2 meters from the earth’s surface is of prime concern. Normalized Parametric Adaptive Matched Filter techniques will be investigated for application to multi-channel applications while Linear Predict Error Filter techniques will be investigated for single channel radar applications. These techniques, augmented with data-derived knowledge-aided processing and multiple pass processing, promise to significantly improve clutter suppression and significantly enhance detection of dismounts in severely non-homogeneous clutter environments. Micro- Doppler techniques adapted from previous sense-through-the-wall radar detection and imaging efforts will provide enhancement of target detection and classification. Two maximum likelihood azimuth angle estimators that are compatible with advanced space- time adaptive processing will be investigated to provide enhanced location accuracy. These proposed enhancements of the detection, classification and location of enemy combatants from either unmanned ground vehicles or from stationary positions will provide improved situational awareness to the warfighter.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3413
James Stagliano
ARMY 09-073      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Clutter Mitigation Techniques for Ground-Based, Gr
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes to develop a basic suite of algorithms that will mitigate clutter for ground based radars detecting ground moving targets. PRA will utilize data collected by the Army Research Laboratory Compact Radar (ARL-CR) to design and analyze clutter mitigation algorithms. PRA will develop algorithms that utilize signal statistics in a rule-based algorithm to distinguish between clutter and target returns. The PRA algorithm approach will essentially identify salient statistical features that separate targets from clutter and a functional methodology that implements these features. In Phase I, PRA proposes to develop a feature space for identifying clutter using the statistical measures from which rules are generated for Bayesian or rule-based classification schemes. In particular, PRA will focus upon the urban, suburban, and roadway tunnel structured clutter regimes rather than the classical statistical (foliage) clutter scenarios. In Phase I Option, PRA will develop test plans for Phase II and recommend any required signal processor upgrades necessary to implement and assess the Phase I algorithms. In Phase II, the Phase I both structured and statistical clutter mitigation algorithms will be implemented in the ARL-CR and radar tests will be conducted that demonstrate clutter/target identification and mitigation.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 7024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
ARMY 09-074      Awarded: 12/17/2009
Title:High Efficiency, Highly Linear, Solid-State Power
Abstract:High power jammer systems are widely used in today’s electronic warfare, such as CREW, WARLOCK, Rubicons II. To paralyze enemy’s communication completely, the high power jammer system should block the frequency range from MHz up to GHz, with high efficiency high linear power amplifiers. The “Extremely Broadband Power Amplifier (EBPA)” covers frequency ranges from HF to C-band, making it an excellent candidate for jammer applications, The EBPA uses broadband high power MMICs, developed by Rockwell Collins, a team member. Broadband MMICs using wide bandgap devices, capable of provide 10W at HF to more than 30 W at C-band, a broadband amplifier covering frequencies from HF to C-band will be designed. The devices will be configured in a balanced push-pull configuration to achieve great VSWR handling ,and excellent 2nd harmonic suppression of greater than 40 dBc. When combined using our novel broadband combiner techniques, power levels of 150W with efficiency values greater than 40% is expected. In our efforts, the power combining will be split into three frequency divisions: HF to UHF, UHF, and L-band to C-band. For frequency ranges from HF through UHF, ferrite loaded coaxial combining techniques will be utilized.

Trident Systems Inc.
10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 267-2306
Jim Hopkins
ARMY 09-074      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:High Efficiency, Highly Linear, Solid-State Power
Abstract:Achieving a high power, high linearity, high efficiency, solid state power amplifier across a wide bandwidth is a very difficult design task. These amplifiers are critical in military applications, which typically also involve tough environmental conditions and challenging reliability requirements. Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) has long been the conventional technology for power amplifiers; however, with the advent of Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology, addressing these competing design goals is becoming more feasible, if the power output of such an amplifier can be made linear over a broad range of frequencies. This effort investigates and designs several Push-Pull amplifiers coupled with Linearizers to achieve full coverage over an HF to 6 GHz bandwidth. Application of recent experience in both military power amplifiers as well as linearization techniques will provide a rugged, flexible, and extremely reliable solution. To achieve demanding bandwidth requirements, impedance matching will receive careful attention; and to achieve =this effort will use linearizers that consider both the 2nd and 3rd order distortion terms to achieve the wide bandwidths.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Robert M. Wilkerson
ARMY 09-075      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Advanced Algorithms and Architecture for Multimoda
Abstract:Identity management (IdM) problems arise in many applications, but the accuracy and reliability of IdM technologies in the military and homeland security domains are of the utmost importance. Numerous technologies exist to exploit biometrics for IdM, but such technologies are limited in the number of features they exploit and in their robustness to data issues such as missing, overlapping or spoofed data. Toyon proposes to research and develop an architecture and associated algorithms for multimodal biometric and contextual data fusion across multiple data repositories in a network centric environment. Toyon’s proposed approach provides automated repository searching and identity estimation in a feedback control architecture. The automated search capability will be tightly coupled with the identity estimation algorithms to optimize the collection of data available to identify the person of interest (POI). Toyon will develop and employ a Bayesian Network algorithm for identity estimation along with techniques to automatically detect and rectify data inconsistencies such as identity spoofing and unintentional data entry errors. The overall architecture and algorithms will be flexible to the number and heterogeneity of the available data repositories thereby enabling an enterprise-level solution.

Ultra-Scan Corporation
4240 Ridge Lea Road
Amherst, NY 14226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 832-6269
John K. Schneider
ARMY 09-075      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Applying Advances in Biometric Fusion to Contextua
Abstract:The use of contextual information is often a weak, error prone and labor intensive method of identifying and tracking Persons of Interest. Using the Neyman-Pearson Lemma, Ultra- Scan will fuse large numbers of historically weak contextual data fields to create accurate, high value identity information. The technical objective is to identify independent or weakly correlated contextual fields that can be treated as a score-based recognition system suitable for the Neyman Pearson Test, and which can then be used to significantly improve overall identification system performance. Phase I will research a large number of contextual personal identifiers that create an accurate form of personal identification when fused. The effort will create an ideal platform from which to implement a series of steps involving analysis, data modeling, estimation and software simulation to establish with mathematical certainty the ability to fuse large number of contextual fields to create a reliable form of identification.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5273
Wendy Nicholas
ARMY 09-076      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Miniature RF Communications Device
Abstract:ARMY 09-076 Forward HUMINT (Human Intelligence) Automatic Collection The DOD has initiated the Distributed Common Ground/Surfaces System (DCGS) framework to develop a common, interoperable system to simplify processing of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance data. This effort supports commanders and soldiers with a cohesive communications network. The capability of exchanging digitized data between forward Human Intelligence collectors and Brigade centers will provide information in minutes that currently takes weeks. Some key Army requirements are not being met with existing RF communications devices. A low weight, low power, credit card size device with two- way communication in DCGS-A data format, weighing less than 5 pounds, with a maximum surface area of 3.3”x 2”, using less than 2W of power to transmit, with receiver with sensitivity better than -95 dBm, and including storage and processing for voice data and automated Human Intelligence data is required. Additionally, it will need to use commercially available batteries and transmit and receive up to 15 km. IAI intends to thoroughly investigate existing radio platforms to develop the most power efficient and reliable RF radio. IAI will borrow technology developed for its ongoing Phase I DARPA contract, which includes a portable medical recorder with a front end that includes noise cancellation in both hardware and software.

Li Creative Technologies
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 7932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Uday Jain
ARMY 09-076      Awarded: 10/30/2009
Title:Forward HUMINT (Human Intelligence) Automatic Col
Abstract:The purpose of this proposal is to present a novel and promising solution for an small-size physical device to convert voice to digital and provide 2-way communication for HUMINT assets. The device consists of multiple modules, for speech capture, text generation, formatting and display and for 2-way spread-spectrum communication of the messages. This company has developed similar products for military applications. The proposed device is based on our experiences in similar product design and utilizes our successful algorithms and previous research results. Research during the Phase I will be focused on risk assessment and minimization through improving signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in military noisy environments, increasing user-friendliness (through better recognition speed and accuracy), and extending battery life while meeting Army’s communication needs. At the end of Phase I, all modules will be designed and evaluated. Also, a preliminary design will be finished and all major components for the device will be selected. The Phase II deliverable will be a high-quality, device that will meet all the military requirements and is ready to be manufactured.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Maher N. Kaddoura
ARMY 09-077      Awarded: 12/10/2009
Title:Efficient Domain Name Server Protection Techniques
Abstract:The Domain Name Server (DNS) is a distributed database that provides name resolution between domain names and IP addresses. The DNS Infrastructure is vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, which can result in catastrophic consequences for the both military and civilian users of the Internet. Currently, patching the DNS server and DNS security extensions (DNSSEC) are the only methods available for securing the DNS Infrastructure against DoS attacks. However, patching and DNSSEC only provide protection against a limited set of attacks that target the DNS infrastructure. Comprehensive protection of the DNS infrastructure requires a set of countermeasure techniques that can cover a wide range of possible attacks. These countermeasure techniques should complement each other and work with each other to provide total protection to the DNS infrastructure. To address this issue, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes to design and implement DNSsentinel, a set of innovative DoS countermeasure techniques for protecting the DNS Infrastructure. DNSsentinel can be easily integrated into military and civilian networks. It can be deployed without making changes to the DNS Infrastructure and it utilizes existing network protocols.

SCIT Labs Inc
13834 Springstone Dr
Clifton, VA 20124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 347-4494
Arun Sood
ARMY 09-077      Awarded: 3/30/2010
Title:Domain Name Server (DNS) Protection Techniques
Abstract:The Domain Name System (DNS) is a critical part of the internet infrastructure. It is a distributed data base that maps domain names (URL) on to their respective IP Address. DNS was designed for a trusted environment. Today’s malicious activity has reduced the trustworthiness of the DNS mapping. DNSSEC has been proposed as a secure alternative, but is not suited for all environments. For example, in the tactical environment DNSSEC implementations are particularly challenging. In this proposal we seek to evaluate and prototype a new DNS server – such server should have security close to DNSSEC and operational convenience similar to current DNS servers. Our research in Self Cleansing Intrusion Tolerance (SCIT) technology has yielded an Authoritative DNS server which meets this challenge, by resetting the server every minute or so. In this project we will evaluate alternate approaches and formulate an appropriate strategy for DNS servers that meet the above conditions for new DNS server. We will explore the authoritative and recursive DNS servers that are suitable for the Army’s environment. Although, we are motivated by SCIT in this project we will explore alternate approaches and formulate the best approach to meet the security and operational requirements.

Migma Systems, Inc.
1600 Providence Highway
Walpole, MA 02081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 660-0328
Bo Ling
ARMY 09-078      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:Knowledge-Based Airborne Hybrid System for Sparse Minefield Detection
Abstract:Landmines come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They can be square, round, cylindrical, or bar-shaped. The casing can be metal, plastic, or wood. Traditional techniques to detect landmines are both dangerous and time consuming. Airborne-based landmine detection system often uses high resolution optical sensors for the target detection. They use various image processing techniques that fall in two broad categories – signature- based and anomaly detections. Since landmines appeared in airborne IR images often don’t show stable signatures, signature-based approach is less robust. Anomaly detection usually generates many false alarms, making the system practically less useful. To overcome these challenges, in Phase I, we propose to develop a suite of anomaly detectors and false alarm mitigators for the target detections. We combine these detections in a minefield composite image to form a sparse minefield. Degree of randomness algorithms will be developed to detect the minefield. To further improve the system performance, we propose to design a knowledge base using mixture ontology. This knowledge base is capable of reasoning and can automatically select parameters and their settings based on the operating conditions and target types. External data sources can also be incorporated into this knowledge base.

Signal Innovations Group, Inc.
1009 Slater Rd. Suite 200
Durham, NC 27703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 323-3456
Levi Kennedy
ARMY 09-078      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:CONTEXT-DRIVEN LANDMINE DETECTION USING SEMI-SUPERVISED MULTI-TASK LEARNING
Abstract:The proliferation of landmines continues to be a problem of worldwide humanitarian urgency. While airborne sensors have demonstrated significant utility in covering a wide area at a high stand-off distance, the variety of deployment methods, environments, mine types, and operating conditions continue to pose challenges in the context of landmine detection requirements. In this effort, a context-driven approach to the landmine detection architecture is proposed with a focus on transitioning new mathematical and statistical tools for applied image processing that are highly relevant to addressing landmine detection challenges. We propose a framework that provides: texture-based context for anomaly detection; false alarm reduction through semi-supervised learning and multi-task learning where data associations are learned in the feature space and the classifier parameter space; mine field association through graph-based diffusion; and a mechanism to explicitly incorporate analyst feedback to optimize performance under new operating conditions. Computational efficiency of the underlying methods will aid in pursuing real- time implementation, test and evaluation in Phase II.

4Wave, Inc.
22660 Execute Drive Suite 101
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 787-9283
David Baldwin
ARMY 09-079      Awarded: 3/11/2010
Title:Transition Metal Oxide Optical Switch
Abstract:We propose to test a new sputtering method, Biased Target Deposition (BTD), for growth of polycrystalline VO2 thin films. The BTD method has been shown to be more stable and flexible for reactive deposition than previously used techniques, and we test whether VO2 can be driven into different microstructures, hence properties, by varying growth conditions. We focus on the optically-driven insulator-to-metal transition of VO2 when the material is grown on substrates transmissive to long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) radiation, commonly Ge, and seek to understand any observed optically-driven "imprint" aging of the material via microstructural characterization of the "aged" material.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
ARMY 09-079      Awarded: 2/24/2010
Title:Vanadium Oxide Photonic Crystal Thermochromic Optical Switch
Abstract:Agiltron proposes to use patterned metal-vanadium oxide layers as a fast, high contrast infrared optical switch. The desired effect, based upon extraordinary optical transmission, has been demonstrated for visible light and should have greater contrast in the infrared. The effect of grain size, thickness and composition (oxygen content) of VO2 on the phase transition temperature and width of hysteresis loop for resistance as a function of temperature will be determined as well as the effect of the substrate on these parameters and switching speed. Wavelength response will vary with the pattern and this effect will also be measured. VO2 films will be deposited and sintered by a subcontractor, Vanderbilt University, with extensive experience with this material. Agiltron, with extensive experience in manufacturing photonic structures, will deposit all other films (metal and interfaces), pattern films, and measure thermal and optical effects. In Phase 2 Agiltron will test alternate geometries (plasmonic crystals), use of the included metal film for thermal heating (biasing), doping the VO2, additional filters, fabricate and deliver systems for field tests.

Amethyst Research Incorporated
1405 4th Ave NW Suite #345
Ardmore, OK 73401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 223-1774
Ryan Cottier
ARMY 09-080      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Epitaxially Passivated, Near-Planar Technology for Strained Layer Superlattice Mid- and Long-wave Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:The InAs/InGaSb Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) system is developing rapidly and is now finally poised to seriously challenge HgCdTe as the dominant technology for mid- and long-wave detection. SLS structures have a number of practical and theoretical advantages over HgCdTe materials, including lower Auger noise, higher operating temperature, better wavelength uniformity, more robust materials, and lower cost. The primary remaining obstacle for competitive high-performance detectors based on SLS is an adequate surface passivation solution that is compatible with processing into focal plane arrays (FPAs). Effective surface passivation will improve quantum efficiency and inhibit noise from surface-related dark current. The proposed project delivers a technologically disruptive approach to the surface passivation issue and involves a radical new design based on already proven physics of the SLS detector structure, including new types of electrical contacts and a new type of surface passivation material. The anticipated result will provide superior performance in a planar technology that facilitates packaging into infrared imagers. Amethyst Research has teamed with the University of Rochester and IntelliEpi to ensure an optimal development and commercialization platform. The success of this project will enable widespread implementation of SLS mid-wave and long-wave infrared FPAs for DoD and commercial applications.

ASL Analytical
2500 Crosspark Road
Coralville, IA 52241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(319) 665-2214
Ed Koerperick
ARMY 09-080      Awarded: 1/22/2010
Title:Array Processing Techniques for III-V Material, Strained Layer Superlattice, Mid and Long Wavelength, High Sensitivity Infrared (IR) Sensors
Abstract:This proposal describes an approach to realize InAs/GaSb type II superlattice focal plane arrays through planar processing. A problem with conventional mesa diode processing approaches is that nonradiative surface recombination at the exposed pn junction is extremely rapid, leading to surface leakage currents that limit the mesa diode performance. By eliminating etched sidewalls through planar processing, we expect edge leakage current to be greatly reduced without compromising areal leakage currents. Planar processing using sealed ampoules or a pseudo-closed box approach requires strict control of the partial pressures is required to obtain reproducible diffusion profiles and to avoid surface damage in both of these approaches. An alternative approach which we propose to follow is the open-tube diffusion from doped spin-on films, which are commercially available for a variety of dopant species, including zinc. We believe diffusion of zinc from spin on SiOx presents a simpler, more manufacturable approach to planar processing focal plane arrays than the ampoule approach or the pseudo-closed box approach.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
ARMY 09-080      Awarded: 2/22/2010
Title:Planar Engineering for Type-II Superlattices (PETS
Abstract:Type II InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattices (SLS) represent the most promising material system capable of delivering more producible, large-format MWIR and LWIR focal plane arrays (FPAs). Type-II SLS currently achieve performance comparable to that of existing mercury-cadmium-telluride (MCT) based FPAs. However, no viable planar processing techniques have been demonstrated for Type-II ¡V they currently rely on mesa isolated diodes. These mesas require etching, cleaning, and passivation, which complicate the processing of Type-II SLS and can decrease the yield and reliability. As such it is desirable to pursue a planar processing technique that is compatible with Type-II superlattices. In this proposal we present a novel planar design compatible with Type-II design called Planar Engineering for Type-II Superlatices (PETS). PETS consists of a reduced area p-type GaSb layer that is fabricated via selective area re-growth in a trench in a ƒÞ-type (lightly n-type) absorbing layer. This eliminates the need to passivate the devices and simplifies the processing, and thus can be expected to increase the yield and reliability leading to a more producible FPA. In addition PETS allows for a reduced junction area while maintaining the optical area of the device. This will reduce the dark current and lead to higher signal to noise ratios.

Future Skies
1333 Campus Parkway
Wall Township, NJ 07753
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 935-0095
Michael Hayden
ARMY 09-081      Awarded: 1/8/2010
Title:Biometric Integration Throughout Tactical Edge Networks (BITTEN): A Biometric Interoperability Framework
Abstract:Future Skies, Inc. will provide CERDEC C2D with an architecture that integrates DOD systems with other biometric provider agencies. We will successfully demonstrate the compression, transmission and decompression of biometric data from strategic databases (ABIS and BAT) to LTI collection devices (HIIDE) building on the CERDEC Biometric Identification and Notification System (BINS) program. we will show that these activities can be performed in real time and in accordance with current bandwidth constraints.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
ARMY 09-081      Awarded: 12/4/2009
Title:Combined Multi-Biometric Service System
Abstract:To address the PEO Enterprise Information Systems need for a solution that provides real- time secure Identity Management of Biometric Data across the Global Information Grid (GIG), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Combined Multi- BIOmetric Service (CMBIOS) system. The proposed system is based on unique integration of biometric technologies with CMBIOS service-oriented architecture framework, platform-independent client software, and a hypercompression technique to transfer large files over low-bandwidth communication links, which will enable the system to share biometric data across the GIG in real time. As a result, CMBIOS allows the warfighter to capture, disseminate, and exploit biometric data in real time, and communicate at the lower tactical level as reliably as at the strategic level. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of CMBIOS by assembling and testing a proof-of-concept prototype, and determine a logical data model and compression scheme to transfer large files through low-bandwidth links. We will prepare and deliver system design specifications of the approach to be used in Phase II for development of the prototype system. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a technology readiness level (TRL) 4-5 CMBIOS that will be ready for initial testing for potential transition to related programs.

Lake Shore Cryotronics, Inc.
575 McCorkle Blvd.
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 891-2243
Philip R. Swinehart
ARMY 09-082      Awarded: 11/25/2009
Title:High Resistivity VOx for Continuous Bias Read-outs
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses improvements in the sensitivity and signal to noise ratio in uncooled infrared imaging sensors based on vanadium oxides. A novel, spin-on process for the deposition of metal oxides will be used to produce higher resistivity and temperature coefficient of resistance than other processes now produce. This will increase the sensitivity to higher than 2% of resistivity/(degree C) and the sheet resistance to higher than 10Mohm per square. This will allow continuous bias read out and smaller pixel sizes.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
ARMY 09-083      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Feasibility of High Operating Temperature MWIR Type-II FPAs
Abstract:Current high-performance MWIR FPAs require cooling to ~77K. This generally requires the use of a cryocooler that limits the system lifetime. If the FPA operation temperature can be raised to >170 K without sacrificing performance, then lower power and longer lifetime MWIR cameras should be possible. Type II InAs/GaSb superlattices represent the most promising material system capable of delivering a camera operating at T >170 K. High temperature operation of current MCT based FPAs is limited by inherent defects in the II-VI material and strong Auger recombination. Type-II is based upon more mature III-V materials and should give better material quality, lower substrate costs, and should be compatible with industrial III-V foundry processes. Type-II has significantly lower Auger recombination rates, and using the superlattice, the band structure can be engineered to further suppress Auger recombination. This should allow for lower dark currents at higher operating temperatures thereby allow for the development of a camera that can potentially achieve MCT performance at 170 K or greater. In this proposed work we will systematically study MWIR Type-II and apply recent innovations in order to demonstrate improved performance and pave the way for the development of a FPA camera is Phase II.

nBn Technologies
136 Wilshire Rd
Rochester, NY 14618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 355-5556
Shimon Miamon
ARMY 09-083      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Develop High Operating Temperature Infrared Detect
Abstract:Next generation midwave infrared (MWIR) (3 to 5 micron) FPA’s will need to be able to operate at temperatures exceeding 170K with similar performance to InSb FPA’s. The advantages of the increased operating temperature include; reduced power consumption to under 1W, extended the camera operating time between servicing to over 10 years, and reduces the FPA cooling time to less than 30 seconds. One of the most promising new technologies is based on a novel concept called the nBn. The nBn design essentially eliminates Shockley-Read-Hall generation currents and is a diffusion limited device. The result is greatly reduced dark current and noise, compared to other midwave infrared detectors, such as p-n photodiodes. In addition, the nBn devices are passivation free which results in excellent uniformity and operability. This makes nBn ideally suited for FPAs and subsequently low power MWIR camera systems.

QmagiQ, LLC
22 Cotton Road Unit H, Suite 180
Nashua, NH 3063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Mani Sundaram
ARMY 09-083      Awarded: 12/10/2009
Title:High Operating Temperature Midwave Infrared Focal
Abstract:We propose to achieve a high operating temperature midwave infrared focal plane array with a novel version of a InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode. In Phase I, we will grow, fabricate, and measure test devices to determine the maximum temperature the sensor can operate at with reasonable performance when mated with a conventional readout multiplexer. In the Phase 1 Option, we will fabricate and test the performance of a 320x256 focal plane array (FPA). In Phase II, we will maximize operating temperature and pixel operability, package some FPAs in compact TE-cooled packages, and characterize camera performance. A sample camera will be delivered to the DOD.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Peter Dreiske
ARMY 09-084      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:Small Pitch Flip-Chip Interconnects for Focal Plan Arrays/Readout Integrated Circuit Hybridization
Abstract:Infrared night vision is a key technology employed by the U.S. military for multiple critical applications. The cameras utilize detector pixel arrays (often composed of HgCdTe) hybridized to silicon read out circuitry. For next generation applications, the goal is to reduce pixel pitch and increase the number of pixels in the chip to improve image resolution and increase the instantaneous area that may be imaged. While indium bump to indium bump hybridization has been successfully employed to date, it becomes increasingly difficult to fabricate the interconnects as the pitch decreases. The new hybridization approach proposed herein will achieve smaller pitch when compared to the current state of the art. The proposed EPIR approach addresses the key limiters in the current technology through improved management of the lateral spread of the mated indium bumps during hybridization, while still accommodating the non-planarity and non- parallelism between the parts to be hybridized. Existing processing methods which are capable of smaller pitch will be employed, without the need for major development effort; the functionality of the structure to make good electrical contact over large areas is maintained while the inherent pitch capability is improved.

Concentris Systems LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 238
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 781-2003
Tareq Hoque
ARMY 09-085      Awarded: 3/9/2010
Title:Proactive Adaptive Channel Reconfiguration (PACR)
Abstract:Wireless networks, particularly ad hoc networks, are vulnerable to adverse impacts from dynamic network conditions, RF environments, network congestion, limited power supplies, etc. As critical applications move to wireless networks, it is necessary to predict and avoid these adverse impacts before they occur. Methods of network optimization based on research in cross-layer optimization and cognitive networks have the potential to improve the reliability of wireless networks. We will investigate cross- layer optimization techniques which allow the network to proactively respond to deteriorating or improving conditions at any layer before the conditions affect network applications. A framework for deploying and implementing algorithms for proactive optimization at the application-layer will be modeled. As an option, a limited version of the framework will be demonstrated in a live 802.11 network.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Julia (Hongmei) Deng
ARMY 09-085      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Proactive and Adaptive Reconfiguration for Reliabl
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes an innovative Proactive and Adaptive Cross-layer Reconfiguration (PACR) scheme for Reliable Communication in Tactical Networks. The PACR scheme allows the system to adaptively reconfigure its operating parameters in the corresponding layers through proactive prediction, root- cause identification, and cross-layer negotiations. In current wireless networks, the failure occurred in one of the involved layers (e.g., link break at PHY) results in a connection termination; and consequently another connection establishment process has to go through all the layers for a new connection. This process is time-consuming and usually results in an extra latency and resource unavailability within the transition region, which in turn leads to inefficient bandwidth usage and a poor user experience. Moreover, the root cause of connection termination is typical hidden, and not utilized for the repair or reestablishment. The objective of the proposed PACR scheme is to develop an efficient cross-layer negotiation approach to enable proactive and adaptive system reconfiguration, with the final goal of providing users continuous, uninterrupted service without substantial performance degradation, despite various failures may occur frequently in volatile networks.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Sandra Withers-Kirby
ARMY 09-086      Awarded: 10/23/2009
Title:Standardized Refillable Fuel Cartridge for Direct Liquid Fuel Cells
Abstract:The DoD has acquired many unique and complicated direct methanol systems through its SBIR funding as well as through partnerships with larger manufacturing companies. The delivery of these unique DMFC systems to the Department of Defense presents a significant problem in that each developer’s system incorporates its own complex and sometimes proprietary fuel container. This inter-compatibility issue would necessitate the transport and delivery of a countless variety of fuel cartridges, creating a massive logistics burden. Furthermore, many of the received containers are not refillable (one- time-use). Clearly, a need to conform and improve these fuel cartridges is apparent. The proposed fuel cartridge incorporates mechanically strong, acid and base tolerant materials to ensure safe operation in extreme environments while still being cost- effective. Utilizing quick-connecting double shutoff valves, the cartridge can easily and safely be attached and detached for refilling. The cartridge can be recharged with fuel using a bulk refilling process that minimizes spills and connects to any standard fuel drum pump. Mechanical and electrical connections to the DMFC system of choice provide unrestricted fuel flow and access to integrated electronic devices such as fuel level sensors and meters.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang Lee
ARMY 09-086      Awarded: 1/6/2010
Title:Standardized Ultraportable Rugged Fuel-Cell Automa
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a refillable liquid fuel cartridge for portable fuel cell systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Standardized Ultraportable Rugged Fuel-cell Automated Carrier Equipment (SURFACE) based on our proven (and patented) ruggedized blind mating connector technology for safe and efficient liquid fuel transfer from a novel, gravity-insensitive storage cartridge. The innovation of our quick connect interface and orientation-independent cartridge can accommodate fuel transfer to a body-worn power cell as well as refilling (in a multiple unit configuration) from a large storage vessel such as a 55 gallon drum. As a result, SURFACE can help the U.S. Army adopt a single fuel policy for dismounted soldiers, thereby simplifying the logistic pipeline for more efficient and rapid troop mobilization. In Phase I, POC plans to fabricate a representative prototype that can be interfaced with a variety of commercially available fuel cell systems, demonstrating safe and effective fuel transfer. In Phase II POC will optimize the SURFACE architecture for reliable mass production and universal compatibility via low-cost adaptor couplings.

UltraCell Corp.
399 Lindbergh Avenue
Livermore, CA 94551
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 321-5732
Ian Kaye
ARMY 09-086      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Compact, Lightweight Intelligent Cartridge for Int
Abstract:A a unified common fueling system is required in order to reap the benefits of reduced logistics and increased energy density promised by MFC’s. In this project, and working with Protonex, Smart Fuel Cell and IdaTech, we propose to create a Compact, Lightweight Intelligent Cartridge for Interoperable fuel Transport, the CliC-it. The CliC-it will be made available to any Military MFC manufacturer by the CliC-it team. All hardware will be designed to meet IATA and Mil Std specifications.

Agent Dynamics, Inc.
300 S. Dallas Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 421-9407
Marc Graham
ARMY 09-087      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:ANTICO: Anytime Cognition for Effective C2 Decisio
Abstract:The anytime-cognition SBIR effort will identify promising software architecture and algorithms for designing a human-machine system that improves distributed collaborative decision making in network centric environments. A survey of available techniques and technologies will be performed to determine the state of the art in this field and a set of qualitative and quantitative metrics will be defined to help evaluate the performance of each of these approaches. The goal of this effort will be to provide the US Army with the appropriate conceptual and technological infrastructure so as to best define and operationalize the new capability of anytime cognition.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5278
Wei Chen
ARMY 09-087      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:ACT-NOW: An Agent Based Framework of Anytime Cognition Technologies in Networked Operational Warfare/Environments
Abstract:The core issue within Network Centric Environments is that the volume of information and the pace of action threaten to overwhelm human decision makings negating the NCO’s advantages for mission effectiveness. In order to address this problem, we present the innovation of an agent based software framework of Anytime Cognition Technologies in the Networked Operational Warfare / Environment, in short, ACT-NOW. The ACT-NOW solution includes: (1) an accurate understanding of the solicitation and the identification of practical scenarios and the associated technical challenges, (2) an integrated ACT-NOW architecture that employs various inter-connected constituent components and helps the human user understand the data and make timely decisions, (3) an investigation of the crosscutting technologies for the underlying algorithms, the information flow and control flow, and the communication interfaces and protocols of the constituent components, (4) a special effort in the anytime cognitive aspect of the human decision making, and finally (5) a design and proof of concept of the ACT-NOW software in reasonable simulations/experiments with suitable performance criteria and metrics. We will also explore the connection of the ACT-NOW framework with Army’s existing technologies/programs to achieve openness, generality and interoperability.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5015
Jonathan Day
ARMY 09-088      Awarded: 2/22/2010
Title:Context Based Data Abstraction
Abstract:Conflicts in the world have shifted toward asymmetric warfare. As a result, the methodology for attaining situational awareness has been drastically altered as the number of variables directly impacting situational awareness (i.e. behavioral patterns and social networks), their rates of change, and the rate of data creation have dramatically increased. Providing commanders with only the most vital information has become a key challenge. Therefore, highly adaptive, automated, and flexible tools and systems are required that will provide solutions (i.e. actionable intelligence and situational awareness) on an ongoing basis. To address these issues, we propose the Automated Data Abstraction and Modeling (ADAM) system. ADAM is an automated approach that constructs abstract models for task completion backed by Bayesian Networks – predictive models capable of capturing and analyzing the impact of individual variables on the entire model. Each model will be focused on the completion of a specific task with the minimum amount of data required to ensure accurate results. ADAM will be domain agnostic and capable of producing a wide variety of models for the completion of highly specific tasks across any domain. These models will provide a highly adaptive, real-time analytic engine capable of reducing commanders’ and their staffs’ cognitive load.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5223
Margaret Lyell
ARMY 09-088      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Rich Mechanisms to Support Context-aware Data Abstractions: Capturing the Relationship of Data to Abstraction Levels with the Context
Abstract:The promise of the net-centric operations, with the Service Oriented Architecture –based access to the GIG means that information flows can be pulled from many sources, at any time. From the CERDEC C2D Industry Day Briefing, ‘information is abundant, received from many different sources (human and sensor), and is presented in a variety of ways (text, voice, image). However, as shown in recent experiments and noted in the report, at the tactical and operational levels, ‘human decision makers are not able to use the abundance of information available over the network effectively’. In order for effective net centric operations, ‘information systems must augment and operate within human cognitive capabilities and limitations’. IAI’s proposed innovation, the rich mechanisms of Context-aware Data Abstractor (CADA) Tool offer key support for human cognitive capabilities. CADA supports the user in making sense out of the quantities of data, originating in flows that are streaming through the networks. The key innovation is the abstraction techniques offered by CADA that organizes the data and presents the user with abstractions that describe data at a high level.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kevin Degrood
ARMY 09-088      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Context-Intensive Software Toolkit for Data Abstra
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for generalized, context-based data abstraction systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Context-Intensive Software Toolkit for Data Abstraction (CISTDA). This proposed technology is based on the definition and implementation of a context component as a separate object. The innovation in a hierarchical modeling perspective that encapsulates, context, data, real- world entities, and the overall application itself as software objects will enable the CISTDA system to define data, define contexts, and provide continuous data abstraction models that reduce human cognitive burdens without negative impact on mission success. As a result, this technology offers a generalized software toolset that produces abstract models based on descriptions of the input and output data and the models’ usage contexts, which directly addresses the Army requirements of reducing the amount of data required to successfully perform a given task. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of CISTDA by developing and debugging prototype software that will be used to exhibit the procedures and user operations involved in creating an information logistics application. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and demonstrate an enhanced software toolkit that meets specific CONOPS requirements.

B & W TEK INC.
#19 Shea Way Suite 301
Newark, DE 19713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 368-7824
Jie Yao
ARMY 09-089      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Characterization Of Noise And Detectivity Of Nano-BiCMOS Photo-Detectors
Abstract:Low light level visible and infrared imaging has significant importance in military surveillance and target recognition. Our newly developed low-light-level nano-BiCMOS silicon photo-detector has been experimentally proven to consistently deliver in-pixel high- gain amplification to boost external quantum efficiency and photo current signal without increased dark current. The same class of detector is expected cover near infrared as well as the visible spectrum. The resulting semiconductor-based camera will enjoy at least 20-year lifetime, fieldable ruggedness, light weight and small size of a consumer camcorder. In Phase I we will perform detailed instrumentation and characterization of the room-temperature dark current noises of our nano-BiCMOS photo-detector and deduce its detectivity D*. In Phase II we will prototype and characterize a complete silicon nano- BiCMOS camera system, which will be delivered to DoD Labs for evaluation and demonstration. Noise and detectivity D* will be characterized in detail. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the proposed camera to defense contractors for incorporation into military systems and for our own Raman spectroscopy products.

SiOnyx Inc.
100 Cummings Center Suite 243F
Beverly, MA 1915
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 922-0684
Martin Pralle
ARMY 09-089      Awarded: 12/23/2009
Title:Innovative Silicon Imager for Head-Mounted Night V
Abstract:SiOnyx proposes a groundbreaking silicon based detector that has the potential to displace multiple imaging technologies by imparting enhance responsivity performance to silicon and extending its spectral sensitivity into the infrared. This program will validate this technology by developing point detectors packaged in industry standard electronic packages. Early investigations of Black Silicon have shown responsivities in excess of 100 A/W, two orders of magnitude better than other known methods (silicon PINs, Ge, InGaAs) in the visible and near IR at room temperature. Furthermore, Black Silicon has demonstrated sensitivity from 400-1300 nm with low level sensitivity out to 1550nm. As part of this program we will develop metal contact strategies electronic packaging schemes that deliver this remarkable performance in a discrete photodetector device.

Energy Concepts Co., LLC
627 Ridgely Ave.
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 266-6521
Donald Erickson
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title:Light Weight 1.5 Ton AARU
Abstract:It is proposed to improve the logistics of providing utilities (electricity and chilling) to battlefield military units. The goal is to provide 30% savings in fuel, generator capacity, and system weight for meeting a representative demand of a forward operating unit. The key savings are from using generator waste heat to supply part or all of the heat demand of a heat-actuated cooling system (HACS). The ammonia absorption refrigeration units (AARU) developed by Energy Concepts Co. have demonstrated all the required HACS operating characteristics except the low weight. That is to be achieved in this project by applying state-of-art microchannel heat exchange technology to key AARU components.

Energy Quest Technologies Inc.
307 W. McNair St
Chandler, AZ 85225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 861-8496
Dewey Benson
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 5/19/2010
Title:Integrated Portable Power and Cooling System
Abstract:The proposed technology uses a patented combination rankine and reverse rankine process, utilizing a widely used, non-toxic, refrigerant as the working fluid. The waste heat refrigeration core is supplemented with a novel engine and expander design to provide an efficient integrated power and cooling system. The system operates at higher working fluid temperatures and is more efficient and more compact than absorption type systems. The proposed technology is easily scalable for a variety of portable, mobile, and stationary applications. This project will validate key component technology, refine system performance models, and provide a system design that can be carried through to commercialization. The integrated system dramatically reduces the fuel consumption over today’s fielded technology. The development and commercialization of portable heat actuated power and cooling systems would be lead by Energy Quest and include a team of development and commercialization partners.

Rocky Research
1598 Foothill Dr PO Box 61800
Boulder City, NV 89006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 293-0851
Kaveh Khalili
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 12/23/2009
Title:Heat Actuated Cooling System
Abstract:In this Phase I effort Rocky Research proposes a novel heat actuated cooling technology capable of providing air-conditioning and heating at high and low ambient temperatures. The solid-gas absorption technology is based on highly efficient complex compound technology employing variable capacity operation with pulsing refrigerant flow control as well as novel pressure actuated internal heat recovery. The deployment of the proposed system will result in improved energy efficiency, leading to a significant overall reduction in fuel consumption.

ThermAvant Technologies, LLC
1000 A Pannell Street
Columbia, MO 65201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 415-7306
Joe Boswell
ARMY 09-090      Awarded: 2/19/2010
Title:Heat Actuated Cooling System
Abstract:A cooling system that converts waste heat from power supply units into useful space cooling is sought by the U.S. Army to reduce the electrical loads and fuel consumption in mobile military platforms. Unfortunately, conventional heat actuated systems are too large and inefficient. ThermAvant Technologies has developed a thermally-driven cooling system that combines environmentally benign fluids with an innovative ejector refrigeration cycle to offer a superior balance of size and efficiency. In addition, a heat- pipe-inspired thin film evaporation heat exchanger will be investigated to improve the heat flux and reduce the superheat between the system’s heat sources and phase change fluids. Phase I research goals are to: A) build a test rig with COPs of at least 0.7 and up to 1.5 under extreme high and low temperatures; and B) demonstrate the applicability of thin film evaporation to reduce the size of the system’s evaporators. Phase II efforts will be dedicated to integrating the proposed solution with real world power units and peripherals. If successful, this technology will enable the mass-market development of compact, light weight and highly efficient heat actuated cooling devices for both military and commercial applications.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Lloyd Linder
ARMY 09-091      Awarded: 2/11/2010
Title:High Speed Focal Plane Array (FPA) for Vibrometer, Laser Radar (LADAR), and Coherent Optical Detection Sensor Applications
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes to develop a high speed, high sensitivity focal plane array (FPA) assembly consisting of a low noise InGaAs photodiode array and a fast readout integrated circuit (ROIC). The FPA will be integrated into a laser vibrometer system and used for the detection of landmines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). In Phase I, Aerius will define the system requirements for the ROIC unit cell. Aerius will also design and simulate the different architectural options for the ROIC unit cell aiming at selecting the best architecture. The requirements for the InGaAs detector array will be defined as well as the approach for hybridization with the ROIC. Plans will be established for testing the FPA in Phase II in an actual vibrometer. In Phase I Option, Aerius will begin the design and layout of the ROIC unit cell, based on the selected ROIC architecture. This SBIR effort will lead to the development of an imaging laser vibrometer with the largest FPA to date.

LightSpin Technologies, Inc.
4407 Elm Street, Suite 300
Chevy Chase, MD 20824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 809-9052
Eric Harmon
ARMY 09-091      Awarded: 3/3/2010
Title:Focal-Plane Array for LDV
Abstract:LightSpin Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a revolutionary photoreciever focal plane for coherent laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV) applications. The approach readily scales to tens of thousands of pixels, while maintaining low power and sampling rates in excess of 100 MSa/s. In Phase I, LightSpin will demonstrate individual photoreciever pixels. In Phase II, LightSpin will complete an eye-safe focal plane array, incorporating the photoreciever pixels, 100 MSa/s ADC, and digital signal processor, enabling shot noise limited CNR to be achieved across all 3000 pixels of the array.

Pine Ridge Products LLC
1646 E. Highwood Road
Belt, MT 59412
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 738-4283
Jennifer Bryce
ARMY 09-092      Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:50- 100 Watt Wind Energy Harvesting in Light Tactical Applications
Abstract:Pine Ridge Products LLC will introduce a tactical micro wind turbine that is highly efficient, robust, easy to use, maintain and transport. The Army is requesting a renewable energy system to reduce the amount of fuel used for small power loads. A vehicle mounted, efficient wind turbine system would improve self sufficiency on site by decreasing the need for fossil fuels. This will increase reliability of communication and intelligence systems. Unlike other micro turbines, currently on the market, our solution is to design a micro wind turbine with a large rotor and low RPM. This highly efficient PMG will deliver superior results compared to high speed, high RPM micro turbines. Our design team has years of experience in small wind turbines and renewable energy power electronics design and manufacturing. In addition to the military application, this turbine would fill a gap in the commercial market for a rugged, reliable, low speed micro turbine for use in telecom power, SCADA, and other remote small power applications.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8500
Enrique A. Medina
ARMY 09-092      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:50- 100 Watt Wind Energy Harvesting in Light Tacti
Abstract:Radiance Technologies, a small business with extensive experience in providing solutions to the U.S. military, proposes to develop and commercialize a wind turbine system (WTS) that generates 100W at 12mph winds for mobile tactical applications. Radiance’s WTS will be able to be deployed for wind power extraction or stowed to a small fraction of the deployed volume inside a rigid, vehicle mounted enclosure, in less than one minute. The WTS will be lightweight and compact, yet robust enough to withstand significant physical and environmental abuse. To optimally design the WTS, Radiance will utilize turbine rotor models based on multi-streamtube theory, innovative deploy/stow concepts, mechanical and electrical design software, multi-objective Genetic Algorithm design optimization, and state-of-the-art power electronics for achieving maximum power point tracking control in variable wind speeds. Phase I will result in a proof of concept WTS, fully tested for performance in a wind tunnel. The Phase I Option will accomplish HMMWV vehicle- mounted validation of the proof of concept. Success in Phase I will prepare Radiance for Phase II refined WTS design, prototype manufacturing, and validation of life cycle performance, and Phase III full manufacturing and commercialization of the WTS and related products to military, industrial, and retail customers.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Benjamin L. Burnett
ARMY 09-093      Awarded: 12/4/2009
Title:Database Wiki with Interactive Query Integration (
Abstract:Warfighters need real-time intelligence information that supports their missions. However, this intelligence is not readily available from a single source. Intelligence data queries can give incomplete results when users are not sure how to “ask” in the best way, they cannot query for information they do not know, or experience has not taught them is important yet. DWIQI (Database Wiki with Interactive Query Integration) is a new database system that contains multimedia data, metadata, tags and cross references. DWIQI has an interactive query system capable of working with a user to refine, adjust and adapt a query to give better results. The DWIQI system creates a database that can store, retrieve and search any data in any format (text, images, video, etc.). DWIQI can then process and parse this data to determine its meaning and context using an extendable agent framework.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5009
Peter David
ARMY 09-093      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Metadata Databases
Abstract:Technology to aid in the understanding of intelligence data has not kept pace with the technology used to generate and store the data. This imbalance has led to a situation where the time required for an analyst to understand the content of a data set and mine the relevant information far exceeds the time available to the mission they support. The root of the problem is a mismatch between the meaning-based information needs of the Warfighter and the context and meaning insensitive nature of the current generation of analysis tools. The CONtext-Aware Representation of Knowledge (CON-ARK) system builds a context-aware, meaning-based representation of the intelligence data and uses a variety of algorithms to provide an interactive view into the semantic representation and to automate discovery and summarization of the data. A meaning-aware search capability provides a semantic view into the corpus, providing a game-changing information extraction capability. This capability goes far beyond simply discarding irrelevant uses of words and phrases that match a user’s search terms. DAC’s concept search tool will identify data whose meaning is relevant to the Warfighter’s interest no matter what language is used to express the ideas.

Galaxy Compound Semiconductors, Inc.
9922 E. Montgomery #7
Spokane, WA 99206
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 892-1114
L. Allen
ARMY 09-094      Awarded: 3/8/2010
Title:Novel Growth and Processing of an Extremely High Performance, Low Defect FPAs Utilizing HgCdTe on InSb Substrates
Abstract:HgCdTe based IR detectors are used in critical military thermal imaging systems and free- space communication. A key component for stealth defense is the megapixel IRFPAs used for fighter aircraft. A significant aspect inhibiting widespread use of HgCdTe for LWIR and VLWIR detectors is the difficulty of obtaining suitably matched large-diameter substrates. Czochralski grown InSb substrates show promise as a substrate for HgCdTe deposition. An opportunity exists to establish a novel proof-of-concept epitaxial growth of HgCdTe on domestic 150mm InSb substrates for use in advanced LWIR/VLWIR FPA applications. The Phase I program will focus on “epi-ready” InSb surface development to facilitate routine HgCdTe MBE growth. Interface stability (InTe precipitates, In pooling) will be examined. The critical milestone will be the demonstration of HgCdTe epi on InSb with EPD

Intelligent Epitaxy Technology, Inc.
1250 E. Collins Blvd.
Richardson, TX 75081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 234-0068
Paul Pinsukanjana
ARMY 09-094      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Epi Ready InSb Substrate for HgCdTe Infrared Detectors by MBE
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR effort will evaluate the preparation of epi-ready 211B InSb substrate to be used as starting substrate for the growth of high quality HgCdTe epi materials. The InSb substrate will be prepared via production III-V Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) reactor. The 211B InSb substrate is chosen because it''s lattice matched to HgCdTe. Texas State University and Teledyne will assist with the growth of HgCdTe on the especially prepared InSb substrate for evaluation of the InSb substrate preparation. Materials characterization will be performed to evaluate the quality of HgCdTe epi materials grown on InSb. Critical materials development issues will be identified.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2425
Darby Grande
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:PLANET: PLatform for ANalyzing Environmental Trade-offs
Abstract:Environmental management of at-risk sites requires decision-makers to integrate heterogeneous technical information with stakeholder values. Current models exist to specifically address the technical or numerical environmental conditions, and separately to provide decision analysis. A comprehensive, decision-support platform is required to seamlessly integrate these many factors and estimate their impacts. We propose to develop the PLatform for ANalyzing Environmental Tradeoffs (PLANET) software system to combine rich, data-driven environmental models with dynamic forecasting models of stakeholder opinions and the multi-criteria analysis and decision-support tools necessary for rigorous consideration of environmental management decisions. The system will allow users to input data from many sources; perform analysis using the physical models required to evaluate environmental risks and anticipated outcomes of the intervention alternatives under consideration; forecast the stakeholder opinion development over time; automatically transfer all of these results for use as inputs to MCDA algorithms; and view the results and data as trade-offs and on maps of the area of interest.

Cambridge Environmental Inc.
58 Charles Street
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 225-0810
Stephen G. Zemba
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geographic Information System for Environmental Management
Abstract:Responsible management of environmental resources requires reliable environmental modeling and collaborative decision-making by stakeholders. The proposed work aims to create a decision support tool that integrates environmental models, spatial tools, and decision analysis methods to formally and transparently evaluate tradeoffs and uncertainties with regard to environmental resource management. The decision support tool will integrate various Army Corps of Engineers and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) models within a Geographic Information System (GIS) framework to provide a powerful system of models for assessing the impacts of multi-media environmental contamination over varying spatial and temporal scales with a direct linkage to a decision support module. The elements necessary to develop an integrated GIS- based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) tool for environmental management already exist individually or in partially integrated forms. A combined platform of modeling analysis and risk assessment, GIS-based data integration, and decision analysis would provide a powerful and much-needed tool to support environmental management decisions.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 927-4774
Chris Cooper
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 11/3/2009
Title:Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geographic Information System for Environmental Management
Abstract:Environmental management of military sites and as part of natural disaster recovery operations, such as with Hurricane Katrina, currently requires decision-makers to integrate information from quantitative environmental models, their own judgment, and the values of stakeholders such as the general public. In addition, an increasing emphasis on the role of Geographic Information System (GIS) in being able to visualize and analyze spatial data makes the integration of GIS data with environmental models more urgent. Environmental managers would significantly benefit from a capability to integrate quantitative environmental models with multi-criteria decision analysis and GIS data for risk management or environmental planning. Phase I will develop a proof-of-concept and hypothetical case study by leveraging open-source GIS software and decision support infrastructure initially developed for the Missile Defense Agency and Air Force strategic planning. This infrastructure will be tailored to include environmental planning decision criteria and metrics. The integration methodology will provide seamless and user-intuitive transfer of data between a GIS capability, environmental models, and a multi-criteria decision analysis capability. The Phase I proof-of-concept will be used to reduce risk and demonstrate key functionality through interaction with Army analysts. The Phase II effort will result in a prototype to evaluate Army environmental issues.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
ARMY 09-095      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:An Integrated and Extensible MCDA Tool for Environ
Abstract:The key innovation of this proposal is to develop an integrated and extensible Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) tool with GIS integration and Web collaboration for environmental management, namely mcda-EM. Our proposed approach aims to overcome the decision making challenges of military environmental projects where inherent trade- offs between sociopolitical, environmental, ecological, and economic factors must be considered. On the other hand, the development of powerful GIS technologies calls for the seamless integration of geographic information in the decision making process. There still remain a lot of technical challenges in integrating complex GIS information when developing environmental assessment models which leads to the development of models without much embedded spatial information. Our proposed approach addresses these challenges by leveraging IAI’s advanced tools of system engineering and GIS tools as well as the use of advanced Web 2.0 technology. Our proposed approach is an integrated process diagram to integrate all the alternatives, decision criteria, atomic environmental models and multi-criteria decision models. The process diagram also integrated many existing tools and GIS servers. The Web 2.0 technology is used for collaborative decision making.

CU Aerospace
2100 South Oak St. Suite 206
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 333-8279
Chris Mangun
ARMY 09-096      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Self-Healing, Self-Diagnosing Fiber Reinforced Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:Multifunctional composite materials would alleviate longstanding problems in composite structures associated with multiple types of damage mechanisms such as mechanical/thermal fatigue, microcracking, and debonding. Self-healing polymers consist of a healing agent that is stored in microcapsules and released whenever cracking occurs in the polymer. The healing agent flows into the cracks and is polymerized in place, effectively sealing the cracks and allowing the material to recover structural function. Repair of damage is accomplished automatically and without human intervention, improving performance and service-life. The team of CU Aerospace (CUA) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will develop a self-healing resin as the matrix phase for a self-healing structural composite for a wide variety of military and commercial applications. CUA will also investigate the potential for multiple healing events and sensing techniques to monitor composite degradation.

Natural Process Design
1250 East Eighth Street
Winona, MN 55987
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(507) 452-9113
Carolyn Dry
ARMY 09-096      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Self Repairing and Self Sensing Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:The proposed innovation is a multifunctional smart self sensing and self repairing composite that provides shielding. It addresses the two basic risk issues that are constraining composite use: durability and confidence in repairs so that uncertainty and risk are reduced. Self-sensing/self-repairing composites eliminate the risks by repairing automatically without manual intervention, by giving assurance of damage detection, repair accomplishment and by protecting against severe damage such as ballistics, em pulses. Since much damage needs instant repair, self repairing is required; since there is usually no monitoring and no visible traces , a self sensing system is desired and since em pulses and ballistic attacks are so devastating, shielding is required. This innovation is a multifunctional smart material that has three functions using one form and is smart because it can repair without human intervention and can sense what has happened and act for self preservation.

RK Composites Inc.
1414 S. Sangre Road
Stillwater, OK 74074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 935-2848
Gajendra Pandey
ARMY 09-096      Awarded: 10/21/2009
Title:Condition-based Self Healing Systems for Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, RK Composites, Inc. (RKCI) will develop condition-based self healing systems for multifunctional composite materials. Our technology enables damage mitigation by pre-damage repair, inclusion of condition based monitoring, extensive and tailorable multifunctionality, and material modifications to improve the mechanical properties of high-strength advanced composites. In addition, our technique can be easily adapted to currently qualified composite materials and incorporated using conventional industry-standard fabrication techniques. In this project, the self healing methodology will be specifically tailored to provide damage mitigation under impact loading and high stress conditions.

Dynamic Systems and Research
8219 Pickard Ave NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 270-3088
Danny J. Frew
ARMY 09-097      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Tension/Extension Test Device for Ultra High Stren
Abstract:In this program, DSR proposes to develop a multi-use test system that will be capable of mechanically testing conventional and ultra high-strength geologic and man-made materials and obtaining post-peak stress-strain properties in tri-axial compression and direct tension/ extension (DTE) configurations. In Phase I, mechanical and hydraulic conceptual designs will be developed for the dual-use test device with the capability to apply confining pressures up to 200 MPa to right-circular cylinder samples. This phase will also include developing the servo-hydraulic architectures needed to obtain post-peak material property data for these materials. In the Phase I option portion of this program, DSR plans to design a highly-accurate instrumentation configuration that will allow for accurate measurements as well as provide the servo-loop feedback necessary to obtain the required post-peak behavior of the test sample. In Phase II, the mechanical, hydraulic, and instrumentation designs developed in the Phase I effort will be built, and tested under a variety of different conditions to demonstrate the ability for this device to capture post- peak behavior of test samples.

Karagozian and Case
2550 North Hollywood Way Suite 500
Burbank, CA 91505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 240-1919
Ken Morrill
ARMY 09-097      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Tension/Extension Test Device for Ultra High Stren
Abstract:There is an expressed need within the U.S. Government to develop and enhance analytic modeling capabilities with respect to predicting the response of reinforced concrete (RC) structures subjected to dynamic loadings events, especially those generated by weapon effects. Performing laboratory tests—where a set of representative stress and strain- controlled loadings is applied to concrete specimens—are a key step in characterizing concrete behaviors invoked by these scenarios, which are needed to support analytic modeling efforts. Such lab tests represent a proven and reliable tool to measure the strength and rheology of the concrete. The data can be used to understand the important mechanical phenomena from which to develop and calibrate constitutive models for use in physics-based models. The opportunity exists to apply state-of-the-art technologies to design a test system capable of performing direct tension/triaxial extension tests on UHSC samples. Our proposal seeks to combine technologies from a variety of specialized fields and experiences to accomplish this goal. Specifically, the K&C team proposes to combine novel applications of state-of-the-art instrumentation devices; computer- controlled, servo-hydraulic test systems; design optimization and design of experiments (DOE) techniques; and high-fidelity physics-based (HFPB) analytic modeling to design the test system.

BHTechnology, LLC
400 Rella Blvd suite 110
Suffern, NY 10901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
aron kain
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:A novel weigh in motion measuremetn system is proposed that does not rely on the piezoelectric effect. This system is physically felixible in composition and can accurately measure vehicles traveling at speeds from 5 to 30MPH. The system is rapidly deployable, easy to use, and readily incorporated in overall WIM and classification systems.

International Electronic Machines
850 River St.
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 268-1636
Zack Mian
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:The Army’s Engineer Research and Development Center has developed a means for detecting hidden payloads in small passenger vehicles based on accurate information for wheel, axle, and gross vehicle weight. The use of weigh-in-motion (WIM) systems to gather the weight data has proven unacceptable due to requirements in COTS WIM systems for straight level approaches, constant vehicle speeds, and rigid pavement foundation for the scales. International Electronic Machines Corporation, in cooperation with Oak Ridge National Laboratory, will address these and other limitations of current WIM technology in development of a Slow-speed Weigh-In-Motion Error Reduction System (SWIMERS). SWIMERS will be based upon an innovative modular load cell system that will provide greater accuracy, higher data rates, and improved repeatability than current systems. SWIMERS processes time-serialized sensor data using advanced, patent- pending, error reduction algorithms developed by ORNL for the US Army. Preliminary testing suggests these algorithms can reduce multiple error modes to lower than 0.05%. Enhancements to these algorithms during this project will enable SWIMERS to be used in less than ideal conditions for dynamic weight measurement. SWIMERS adapts for use in either fixed/permanent or in expedient/temporary installations basis.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 7205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 781-0393
Thomas Koscica
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:This proposal is aimed at the development of an innovative weigh-in-motion (WIM) sensor that uses purely fiber-optic sensing methods to remotely measure the weight and weight distribution of slow-moving vehicles. Specifically, an fiber Bragg grating based sensing system will be developed, in surface-mounted and in-ground configurations, that measures the axle and wheel weights of slow moving (<10 mph) passenger vehicles for stand-off detection of anomalously loaded sedans. Such a sensor system will be capable of accurately measuring the axle and wheel weights of slow moving passenger vehicles for determination of whether a vehicle carries a concealed payload, such as a vehicle- borne improvised explosive device (VBIED).

Wolf Technical Services, Inc.
6836 Hawthorn Park Drive
Indianapolis, IN 46220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 842-6075
Paul Thogersen
ARMY 09-098      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Vehicle Payload Detection at Low Speeds through We
Abstract:A design concept is developed for a transportable weigh-in-motion sensor with capability to weight individual wheels, axles and the gross weight of passenger-type vehicles moving along a roadway at speeds from 1 to 30 mph. The sensor will sense weight shift associated with vehicle maneuvers and make a correction to each wheel weight. The system installation can be permanent or temporary, and can be an in-ground or surface installation.

ABL ENGINEERING LLC
227 W MAIN ST
BOALSBURG, PA 16827
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 522-0442
BRUCE LONG
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/3/2009
Title:Optimally Designed Wireless Seismic/Acoustic Ordnance Impact Characterization System
Abstract:We propose to study development of a wireless network of seismic/acoustic/GPS sensors to carry out the ordnance-impact characterization. We propose to modify an existing design that includes a three-componenent seismograph (sampled at 10kHz), a microphone, and a high-precision GPS receiver. These data are optimally subsampled and wirelessly transmitted over an 802.15 ("zigbee"-like) Personal Area Network. The source location algorithms will be designed along with subcontractors at the Pennsylvania State University with expertise in seismic source location and characterization.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
George Zhao
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/4/2009
Title:Wireless Seismic/Acoustic Sensor Network for Ordna
Abstract:Low-order detonations and unexploded ordnance (UXO) present an extremely difficult and expensive problem for DoD range managers. Near-real-time detection, location, and characterization of ordnance is important so that the number of rounds fired, impact time, location, and level of detonation can be provided for addressing singular low order or UXO events and for devising fiscally optimal cleanup schedules and management criteria. We propose to address this problem by a combined wireless seismic and acoustic sensor array network approach. By detecting seismic and airborne acoustic waves generated by the ordnance impact, the location, level of detonation as well as classification of the dud can be achieved. Our approach will be very useful for both military and civilian applications such as range management, explosion detection and seismography of earthquake etc.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Ron Knobler
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Wireless Seismic and Acoustic Ordnance Impact Char
Abstract:McQ Inc. previously built and demonstrated an acoustic impact localization system to within 2m accuracy. As part of this effort, McQ developed an extensive explosion localization simulator to characterize expected system performance as well as determine key system parameters required to meet a given set of system performance requirements. During Phase I, McQ will enhance its simulator to account for environmental conditions such as wind, as well as develop the associated algorithms to accurately locate and classify variant explosions based on the performance requirements specified in the SBIR topic. At the end of Phase I, McQ will provide a complete set of system requirements and a concept of operations in which to build an ordnance impact characterization system that is low-cost, light-weight, small, easy to use, and operates on its own power supply continuously through the use of energy harvesting.

Quantum Technology Sciences, Inc.
1980 North Atlantic Avenue Suite 930
Cocoa Beach, FL 32931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 868-0288
Larry Sills
ARMY 09-099      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Optimally Designed Wireless Seismic/Acoustic Ordna
Abstract:There is great need for safe, cost-effective methods to deal with the issue of unexploded ordnance (UXO) on mortar and artillery ranges. Quantum Technology Sciences, Inc. (QTSI) has been developing a Seismic-Acoustic Impact Monitoring Assessment (SAIMA) system for this purpose based on a wired design concept. Much of the development progress with this simpler wired system can be leveraged to develop conceptual designs for a wireless and more capable system. QTSI proposes to develop conceptual designs and evaluate deployment schemes to recommend optimal designs to build, field, and evaluate as prototype multi-array systems in Phase II that will meet stated performance requirements. This Phase I work will be accomplished by evaluating options for sensor hardware and firmware design improvements, algorithm improvements, and a new wireless network communications architecture with a compatible remote data processing station. QTSI will evaluate effects of multiple geophysical factors to gain a greater understanding of their effects for improving probability of detection, ordnance impact classification (high order detonation, low order detonation, or UXO), and location accuracy. Using QTSI’s Optimum Positioning of Sensors algorithm, options for deployment schemes will be evaluated to find optimal solutions for ranges of varying ordnance caliber and size.

Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 2481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
James T. Daly
ARMY 09-100      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Point and Stand-off Microwave-Induced Thermal Emis
Abstract:The Joint Services have a need for a short range, active stand-off capability to detect surface areas that may be contaminated with chemical, biological, or explosive (CBE) materials and to classify the nature of the contaminant. Recently, laser-induced thermal emission (LITE) measurements have shown promise for performing chemical analysis of thin layers on surfaces. We propose to conduct a series of systematic experiments to demonstrate the usefulness of transient thermal emission spectroscopy (TIRES) for detection of CBE materials on surfaces. Bodkin Design and Engineering has developed multi-spectral and hyperspectral imaging systems for wavebands from visible to long wavelength infrared (LWIR) and which are particularly suited to monitor transient events. In phase 1, we will determine the optimal settings (microwave heater power, dwell time, detection wavelength ranges, etc.) needed to maximize contrast between the surface contaminant and the underlying background and thereby maximize the probability of detection. The results will lead to a design for a breadboard prototype to be built in phase 2. In Phase 2, we will perform a comprehensive engineering design analysis of the prototype in order to predict baseline performance, project detection limits, and develop a set of preliminary Receiver Operational Characteristic (ROC) curves. We will then optimize the design, build it and test it using simulated CBE materials.

Kestrel Corporation
3815 Osuna Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 345-2327
Boyd Hunter
ARMY 09-100      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Differential Microwave Excitation Spectroscopy
Abstract:A novel spectroscopic technique is proposed to effect detection of chemical compounds. This novel active technique and associated hardware will be tested on appropriate simulants and Phase II hardware specifications generated.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Oakes
ARMY 09-100      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Stand-off Detection of Chemical, Biological and Explosive Material Surface Contamination by Thermal Emission
Abstract:In this proposal, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) outlines the development of a system for stand-off detection of chemical and biological warfare agents and explosive (CBE) materials on surfaces. The system includes an illumination source to heat and desorb thermolysis products of contaminants from the surface and a fast spectrometer to collect the resulting thermal emission signature. The identity of the contaminant is determined through real-time analysis of the emission spectrum against a library of spectra. The Phase I program focuses on measurements and modeling to assess and optimize the measurement approach. The intensity and temporal profile of the infra-red (2 - 12 micrometer) thermal emission signature will be characterized as a function of illumination wavelength and pulse width and energy. A thermal model will be developed to optimize the characteristics of the illumination system to maximize the thermal emission signature. A prototype instrument design will be developed and in Phase II, the prototype contamination monitor will be assembled and tested. The design goal for the Phase II system will be stand-off detection (50 meters) of CBE materials at surface loadings >=0.1 g/m^2 on any number of surface types such as concrete, plastic, steel and painted surfaces on buildings and vehicles.

Surface Optics Corporation
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
David B. Cavanaugh
ARMY 09-101      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Passive Standoff Detection of Chlorine
Abstract:The HyperSensor camera technology is a new imaging technology for multi/hyperspectral imaging technology developed recently at Surface Optics Corporation. This camera system is a compact solid-state staring multispectral imager that captures the information required to generate complete multispectral cubes with each focal plane exposure. The program proposed here will determine an optimized design for adapting the Hypersensor camera technology to the UV waveband, thereby producing a video rate camera for the detection and tracking of chlorine gas plumes. The Hypersensor includes an integrated real-time processor that analyzes the data as it is received from the camera. The proposed program will identify optimal algorithms for chlorine detection, and produce a preliminary design layout for a real time processor capable of running these algorithms.

Blacktoe Medical
12725 SW 66th Avenue Suite 205
Portland, OR 97223
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 636-6999
Scott Corbett
ARMY 09-102      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Application of Finger-Mounted Ultrasound Array Probes
Abstract:Ultrasound is a standard of care for Central Line Placement (CLP). Existing transducers are awkward to use or require a second clinician to image. Fast and easy to use ultrasound guidance is especially important for military applications where every minute can mean a saved life or salvaged limb. Combat use of ultrasound includes CLP, shrapnel detection, identification of bleeders and other injuries. Blacktoe has developed a finger- mounted ultrasound probe prototype. Premlinary work indicates modifications to our existing finger probe can address current issues with CLP. The overall objective of this proposal is to develop a finger mounted ultrasound array probe for vascular access procedures. This work includes detailed product specifications and the development of a working prototype. This work will leverage substantial prior effort. Blacktoe will conduct end user research utilizing our existing prototype and mockups with Trauma Surgeons, Anesthesiologists, Vascular Surgeons, PICC nurses in the settings where they perform line placement procedures. This work will include performing mock procedures on phantoms to understand workflow requirements and product requirements. Based on this research Blacktoe will develop a working prototype finger probe to address the requirements of vascular access procedures.

Farus, LLC
2416 Sand Hill Rd
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 346-4781
Rahul Singh
ARMY 09-102      Awarded: 11/15/2009
Title:Application of Finger-Mounted Ultrasound Array Probes
Abstract:Ultrasound guidance procedures, such as central line placement and needle biopsy, require considerable skill to precisely position a needle or catheter while simultaneously holding a transducer. Finger-mounted ultrasound transducer array probes may potentially improve the workflow requirements of ultrasound-guided techniques by allowing an unassisted operator to use one hand to image, palpate, immobilize, and assist with the line placement. Farus proposes to develop a flexible finger-mounted ultrasound transducer array that can provide high resolution imagery of vascular structures for needle guidance procedures. The transducer array, fabricated using novel proprietary polyimide-based microfabrication techniques, allows the transducer to conform to the body’s shape. The conformal nature of the finger-mounted array provides high angular coverage, and therefore a large field of view with multiple look angles. The proposed transducer arrays are to be low cost, disposable for sterile use, and detachable for hands-free use. Phase I will focus on (1) acoustic finite element modeling to assist in design of the transducer array architecture, (2) development of image reconstruction techniques that demonstrate the resolution and field of view requirements of the system, and (3) fabrication of a prototype transducer array.

ChromoLogic LLC
133 N. Altadena Dr., Ste 307
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Nicholas Booth
ARMY 09-103      Awarded: 11/2/2009
Title:Surgical Debridement Assist Device
Abstract:In order to address the Army’s need for a handheld device capable of locating any foreign body as well as differentiate between viable and non-viable tissue, ChromoLogic LLC (CL) proposes to develop a Debridement And Vitality Assessment by Near Infrared Spectroscopy (DAVANIS) system. The non-imaging, miniature finger mounted device will extend the tactile senses of the surgeon up to 50mm into a wound region, enabling rapid detection of any non-viable moiety to within a few millimeter resolution. In Phase I, CL will build a complete system prototype and demonstrate the efficacy of the technology with phantom tissue models. During Phase II, CL will perform detailed animal testing at our partner GLP test facility and prepare to obtain regulatory approval for the device.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Leonid Bukshpun
ARMY 09-103      Awarded: 10/20/2009
Title:Optics-Based Surgical Debridement Assist Probe System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a surgical debridement assisting device, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Optics-based Surgical Debridement Assist Probe (OSAP) system based on active optothermal radiometry for detecting debris in tissue and hyperspectral imaging technology that spectrally delineates dead tissue. The innovation in OSAP system design enables the system to detect small foreign bodies (1/2 mm) within the tissue with a detection rate >95% at tissue depths of about 6 cm. The unique system design allows low-power operation, avoiding extensive electrical power requirements; and eliminates surgeon/video interaction and extensive operational training requirements for the surgeon. The OSAP device will result in major cost savings for the government in terms of reduced clinical complications. In Phase I, POC will (1) demonstrate the feasibility on an in vitro tissue phantom; (2) develop an engineering design; (3) assemble a proof-of-concept prototype; and (4) in the Option, develop a plan and protocol for performing preclinical work. At the end of Phase II, the OSAP system will satisfy the general safety requirements of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Shelters and IEC 60601-1 Medical Electrical Equipment, and attain sufficient maturity to apply for FDA approval and clinical trials.

FlexSys Inc.
2205 Commonwealth Blvd. Suite D
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 527-7020
Gregory Ervin
ARMY 09-104      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:High Performance Harmonic Actuator Using Piezo-Compliant Mechanism
Abstract:Modern robotic applications utilize a myriad of actuator types to meet the different task requirements. The primary actuator types include electric, hydraulic/pneumatic, Shape Memory Alloy, and piezoelectric. Most, if not all, current robotic actuation methods have limited power density for supplying the large forces, displacements, and bandwidths required. Electromechanical and hydraulic systems are examples of current high-torque low-speed solutions, but they add significant component complexity, and weight to meet the stringent load and rate requirements. Ideally, a high-torque and low-speed actuator with minimal cost, weight, and complexity would be favored for robotic applications. The power and bandwidth capability of a DC actuator is a good candidate, but the necessary addition of a gear head reduces the system power density. Likewise, piezoelectric stack actuators boast very high power density, but the available displacement is very limited. Therefore, FlexSys proposes development of a Harmonic Actuator, a novel high performance (high-torque and low-speed), high power density, and compact electrical actuator for demanding robotic applications.

QM Power, Inc.
4747 Troost Avenue
Kansas City, MO 64110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(816) 235-5054
Joseph Flynn
ARMY 09-104      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Improved Robot Actuator Motors for Medical Applications
Abstract:Medical robotic applications require numerous actuation devices that must be both lightweight and efficient. In the case of mobile medical robotics, Space, Weight, and Power efficiency (SWaP) are the key performance drivers for most designs. The objective of this proposal is to design and prototype a scalable high performance motor and actuator based upon technology called Parallel Magnetic Circuit (PMC). PMC technology excels at all of those key performance parameters and is easily applied to medical robotic arms.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0580
Curt Kothera
ARMY 09-104      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Improved Robot Actuator Motors for Medical Applications
Abstract:Due to the demanding requirements associated with operation in combat environments, unmanned robotic systems are working towards developing lighter weight systems without sacrificing performance. This requires high power-to-weight ratio actuation systems that can be scalable to various robotic devices and configurations. Conventional actuator motors and hydraulic manipulator arms are known to be unfavorably heavy, which can lead to a multitude of concerns for deployment. As such, Techno-Sciences, Inc., in collaboration with the University of Maryland, proposes to develop a technology centered on pneumatic artificial muscle actuation, which features high strength and light weight. Building upon our extensive experience and related patent portfolio, we will perform analyses and design work in Phase I of the project that will lead into a full prototype actuator demonstration in Phase II.

InBios International
562 1st Ave S, Suite 600
Seattle, WA 98104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 344-5823
Stan Morkowski
ARMY 09-105      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Developing a Point-of-Care Diagnostic Assay for Leptospirosis
Abstract:The objective of this study is to develop a robust, field deployable, and a cost effective rapid screening assay for the detection of Leptospirosis infection caused by Leptospira pathogens using human blood and sera. The test will utilize a lateral flow based immunochromatographic system (dipstick). The proposed assay would be very useful screening tool to assess leptospirosis infection in the fields, in remote areas, and on how complexity situation. Such a test would facilitate diagnosis and treatment for military personnel presenting febrile illness. A rapid assay would also help in Leptospirosis eradication programs. In this Phase I study we will develop/acquire antibody and antigen reagents for use in development of prototype Leptospirosis detection assays. We will then construct prototype assay that will be evaluated using archived samples from infected individuals. Further development of the assay would take place in a phase II proposal

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
ARMY 09-105      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Leptospirosis Detection Dipstick
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a handheld, field-usable assay capable of diagnosing leptospiral disease in soldiers, resulting in early treatment with the appropriate antibiotic, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Leptospirosis Detection Dipstick (LDD). The LDD is a handheld device based on a combination of lateral flow immunochromatography, lab-on-chip principles, and microarray technology. The LDD dipstick will rapidly (20 min) detect both pathogenic leptospira antigen and Immunoglobulin M (IgM) to the pathogens in a blood sample. The LDD will be a sensitive, portable, easy-to- use (one-step protocol), and inexpensive device with at least 85% of the sensitivity and specificity of current gold-standard assays. The device will use heat-stable reagents, have no special storage requirements, and require no power to operate. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the LDD by fabricating a prototype and demonstrating its capability to identify pathogenic leptospira antigen and specific IgM spiked into blood specimen and buffer, respectively; followed by delivery of a single lot of 100 prototype assays to the Contracting Officer Representative (COR) to be evaluated in a government laboratory. In Phase II, POC will provide up to 3 initial lots of 250 prototype assays each to the COR.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Mehran Pazirandeh
ARMY 09-107      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Malarial Vaccines Utilizing Antigen/Adjuvant Display on Viral-Like Particles
Abstract:Development of an effective malarial vaccine has been slow, although recent success in vaccine development has been achieved by using the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite surface protein (CSP)-hepatitis B surface antigen fusions, in conjunction with hepatitis B particles (the RTS, S formulation). The results of these studies suggest the potential of improved malarial vaccines by use of the viral-like particle (VLP)-linked immunogen approach. The VLP technology is being utilized for the development of vaccines for a variety of diseases. Agave BioSystems proposes to develop a novel platform for development of malarial vaccines consisting of a VLP displayed malarial antigen/adjuvant based on the Norwalk virus (NV) capsid protein. The NV-VLP will be engineered to express a candidate antigen in combination with a peptide adjuvant. These VLPs will be characterized, purified and delivered for testing of efficacy to stimulate cellular and humoral immune responses.

Vital Probes, Inc.
1300 Old Plank Road
Mayfield, PA 18433
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 281-2505
Vito G. DelVecchio
ARMY 09-107      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:GeMI-Vax as a multi-life stage malaria vaccine
Abstract:New methods for simultaneous presentation and immune stimulation of malarial antigens are needed in order to rapidly progress promising antigens into efficacious vaccines. Platforms that present antigen to the immune system in a particulate manner that mimics the structure of a natural pathogen may improve the effectiveness of a vaccine. Many forms of particles exist for vaccine presentation including adsorption of recombinant vaccine antigen onto adjuvant material, and formation of virus-like particles. In this proposal we demonstrate that Gene-Mediated Inactivated Vaccines (GeMI-Vax) made from Gram-negative bacteria serve as "viral-like" particles for antigen delivery and contain intrinsic immunostimulatory capabilities. Specifically, the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) antigen from Plasmodium berghii was expressed on the surface and in the periplasmic space of Eschericia coli. GeMI-Vax-CSP vaccines were demonstrated to induce CSP- specific immune responses and sterile protection in a live P. berghii mouse model of malaria challenge. These results demonstrate that GeMI-Vax can serve as vaccine particles and immunostimulants for the induction of protective immune responses to CSP and likely to other malaria vaccine antigens. Thus, the objective of this Phase I proposal is to develop GeMI-Vax with various malarial antigens into a multi-life stage vaccine product for human use.

Biosearch Technologies, Inc
81 Digital Drive
Novato, CA 94949
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 883-8400
Jerry L. Ruth
ARMY 09-108      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Development and Commercialization of Analyte Specific Reagents (ASRs) for the Diagnosis of Selected Arthropod-Borne Viruses on FDA-Cleared Real-time P
Abstract:Phase I will develop multiple combinations of qRT-PCR primers and probes for some of six diseases of military importance: Dengue, Rift Valley Fever, Chikungunya, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Sandfly Fever, and Tick-Borne Encephalitis. Based on known sequence information from the literature and contacts at disease labs, probes and primer pairs will be designed and synthesized for testing; expected probe formats include hydrolysis probes, scorpions, and molecular beacons. Positive control plasmids containing target amplicon sequences will be designed, synthesized, and sequence- verified. Assays will be optimized for cycle profile, magnesium concentration, presence of competing nucleic acids, melting temperature, and gels to verify predicted amplicon length. Specificity and sensitivity will be established. Final probes and primer pairs will be provided to a Army Testing Lab for evaluation against disease targets. Acceptable probes and primers will be manufactured under cGMP, and a minimum of 100 vials of at least one analyte assay provided to the military for testing; if successful, the expectation is assays for three of the six diseases by the end of Phase I Option.

Calbiotech, Inc
10461 AUSTIN DR STE D
SPRING VALLEY, CA 91978
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 660-6162
Noori Barka
ARMY 09-108      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Development Analyte Specific Reagents for Dengue Virus
Abstract:Dengue virus is a mosquito born flavivirus that represents a major threat to military forces deployed to tropical areas of the world. Due to its worldwide distribution, US military and civilian personnel deployed overseas are at high risk of being infected. The global prevalence of Dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades, spreading from 9 to some 40 countries. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-east Asia and the Western Pacific. Not only is the number of cases increasing as the disease is spreading to new areas, but explosive outbreaks are occurring. As U.S. military come increasingly in contact with the disease, the need for rapid detection capabilities becomes increasingly apparent. In Phase I, Calbiotech proposes to develop Analyte Specific Reagents (ASRs) for the detection of Dengue virus.

Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
Hammonds South, Unit Q 611 North Hammonds Ferry Road
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 636-9350
Dennis Kohlhafer
ARMY 09-109      Awarded: 10/13/2009
Title:Lightweight, Modular, High-Rate Data Recorder
Abstract:Active Signal Technologies proposes to develop a compact, modular, high-rate data recorder that will record high quality data from an entire exposure event. The design will use hardware logic and single-port, static volatile random-access memory to minimize power required. The system will have a microcontroller that will be in standby mode until an event occurs and will remain on only for the time it takes to transfer the event record to non-volatile memory and to re-initialize the hardware logic and SRAM. In Phase I Active Signal will create a design schematic and evaluate component performance including critical timing functions, so that in the Phase-I Option it can fabricate and test a benchtop prototype. This will enable the first compact prototype circuit layout and packaging design to be created, ready for fabrication in Phase II. Phase I will also include developing a work plan for subsequent human testing; submission of regulatory documents to execute such testing in Phase II; and delivering a report on proposed hardware and software design and prototype test plan.

Diversified Technical Systems, Inc.
909 Electric Ave Suite 206
Seal Beach, CA 90740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 493-0158
Mike Beckage
ARMY 09-109      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Personnel High Rate Data Recorder
Abstract:To improve protection for military personnel, exposure to potential injury needs to be recorded. Typically such environments occur during realistic training and operations where harsh environments such as blast or impulse noise create unique challenges to the collection of high-quality data. Existing methods using umbilical cabling or wires, heavy/bulky equipment and/or close-range wireless transmission require prediction or the control of personnel activities and are not practical in training and mission operations. There is no existing design that can record high quality data from an entire event that occurs at an unknown time and place during training or mission operations. The overall objective of the Phase I effort is to design, build and test an initial prototype design that demonstrates the capability of collecting data from at least three channels at 1 MHz sampling per channel. The design should be small, lightweight, low power, robust, modular, with sufficient memory to record ten complete time-series events of at least 1 second and wearable without interfering with safety. The architecture will allow the addition of three-channel modules and interconnecting multiple systems to further expand the channel count.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Patrick Kalgren
ARMY 09-110      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Electronic Blast Level Alert Sensing Technique (eBLAST)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with Allen Vanguard Corporation proposes a small disposable sensing system for dynamic pressure wave exposure seen by deployed soldiers. The proposed system will serve to reduce safety risks by accurately and quickly assessing the blast exposure level of personnel. Current sensors are directional dependant and therefore vary output with relation to sensor orientation. Impact proposes a piezoelectric based Omni-directional sensor to remove sensor direction as a limitation to the measured blast exposure level. The system will also provide adjustable thresholds to allow thresholds to be reconfigured as additional blast research is conducted. Key tasks of this Phase I effort include: 1) Development of a sensor to accurately measure blast exposure level; 2) Determine appropriate sensor placement to create Omni-directional measurement coverage; 3) Development of the data processing for correlation between measured sensor output and blast exposure level; 4) development of two mock-up sensors that will be used for demonstration of developed blast sensor technology.

Simbex
10 Water Street Suite 410
Lebanon, NH 03766
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 448-2367
Jeffrey Chu
ARMY 09-110      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Personnel Borne Blast Dosimeter
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) or mild TBI (mTBI) resulting from direct impact or indirectly from blast waves represents a significant threat to personnel in combat or blast intensive training environments. Due to the complexity of brain injuries, onset of symptoms may not occur immediately or be initially identifiable, posing a potential threat to both the injured soldier and surrounding personnel. Direct measurement of key biomechanical head impact variables from these blasts or impacts in real combat situations has been significantly limited by the measurement, storage and power technologies available in the correct form factor. Furthermore, traditional approaches of data collection and post- processing are too limited (i.e. not enough memory, too large and expensive) and time consuming to provide clinically relevant information that can be used by medics for treatment decisions. The purpose of this SBIR proposal is to develop the Head Injury Dosimeter (HID) - a low-cost, retrofittable, unobstrusive, and fieldable solution for continuous monitoring and alerting of potentially injurious threats to the head from blasts or direct impacts.

Biosearch Technologies, Inc
81 Digital Drive
Novato, CA 94949
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 883-8025
Jerry Ruth
ARMY 09-111      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Development and Commercialization of Analyte Specific Reagents (ASRs) for the Diagnosis of Rickettsial Diseases on FDA- cleared Real-time PCR Platforms
Abstract:Phase I will develop multiple combinations of qRT-PCR primers and probes for some of the causative agents of six diseases with military importance: rickettsia, murine and scrub typhus, spotted fever, anaplasmosis, ehrlichioses, and Q fever. Based on known sequence information from the literature and contacts at disease labs, probes and primer pairs will be designed and synthesized for testing; expected probe formats include hydrolysis probes, scorpions, and molecular beacons. Positive control plasmids containing target amplicon sequences will be designed, synthesized, and sequence- verified. Assays will be optimized for cycle profile, magnesium concentration, presence of competing nucleic acids, melting temperature, and gels to verify predicted amplicon length. Specificity and sensitivity will be established. Final probes and primer pairs will be provided to a Army Testing Lab for evaluation against disease targets. Acceptable probes and primers will be manufactured under cGMP, and a minimum of 100 vials of at least one analyte assay provided to the military for testing; if successful, the expectation is assays for three of the six agents by the end of Phase I Option.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr
Stow, MA 01775
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 298-5365
Arnis Mangolds
ARMY 09-112      Awarded: 12/30/2009
Title:Dual Purpose Handgrenade with Enhanced Non-Lethal and Lethal Effects
Abstract:The Tunable Effects Grenade (TEG) program examines several means of achieving multiple effects from the same hand tossed grenade. The preferred option is a sleeved system that allows the user to manually twist off a shrapnel wrap, a vented shield similar to present stun grenades, or both exposing a can of IM deflagrating fill. Conventional fuzing can be used without modification minimizing the logistical costs and approval process. Improvements to the shrapnel provide greater range and a lensing option provides a focused concentration of shrapnel. A bounding option is also suggested.

PACIFIC BLUE INNOVATIONS
3651 Via Bernardo
Oceanside, CA 92056
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 775-9363
Gary Abramov
ARMY 09-112      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Dual Purpose Handgrenade with Enhanced Non-Lethal and Lethal Effects
Abstract:Pacific Blue Innovations proposes to develop a concept for a dual purpose hand grenade which will operate selectively in a Non-Lethal and a Lethal modes. The grenade offers a fast and simple field conversion from an intrinsic Non-Lethal Mode to a Lethal one. In one configuration the grenade is made deliverable by a grenade launcher.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
James Gorman
ARMY 09-112      Awarded: 12/18/2009
Title:Modular, Multi-Mode Hand Grenade Using Tailored Thermobarics (1001-396)
Abstract:Triton Systems Inc., in combination with the NAMMO Talley, proposes to develop a modular multi-mode hand grenade that combines a user separable charge system (analogous to mortar charge increments) with tailored thermobaric explosives to provide a wide range of effects from non-lethal and low collateral damage to enhanced destructive potential. As in mortar charge increments, each grenade is supplied with approximately four increments and those not wanted for the current application are removed prior to use. We envision each grenade supplied with one “flash-bang” or low intensity thermobaric increment, as well as two high intensity thermobarics and possibly one conventional HE increment to achieve a wide spectrum of potential effects. The grenade will be sized to approximate the ubiquitous M18/M83 series of smoke/signal grenades, so that existing logistics and training facilities and procedures may be used to the greatest extent possible. Extensive experience has shown that the average soldier can throw this grenade more than 30 meters, which will place the user well outside the danger envelope unless a fragmentation sleeve is used, in which case the user will throw the grenade from cover as in normal defensive grenade operations.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Barry Jones
ARMY 09-113      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Advanced Low Power Personnel/Vehicle Detecting Radar for Smart Unattended Ground Sensor/Munition Systems
Abstract:McQ Inc. and the University of Florida have previously developed a micro-radar suitable for use as a detection modality for unattended ground sensor (UGS) systems. This work has focused on using advanced signal processing for high probability of detection, low false alarm rate and target classification for the UGS application. The radar is very small and lightweight and has been integrated into the OmniSense7 family of UGS sensors. It has already demonstrated the detection and classification performance required for this application. In its current form it consumes only 2 watts while operating. For this SBIR project we will improve the performance of this system in two areas: power consumption and chip-scale integration. We will revise the electronics hardware, operational firmware and operational modalities to further reduce the operating power to 1 watt or less using techniques that have been developed for OmniSense7 and made it the industry leader in low power operation for high performance UGS systems. We will also reduce the size, weight, cost and power consumption further by migrating the design into FPGA=s and other programmable logic devices using techniques that McQ has reduced to practice in many of its other sensor and UGS programs.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 396-4458
Gerald Coles
ARMY 09-113      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Advanced low-power personnel/vehicle detecting radar for smart unattended ground sensor/munition systems
Abstract:Mustang proposes to begin with its existing VIPER radar, which meets the performance requriements, and take a four-tiered approach to reducing power consumption while maintaining performance. Mustang has successfully followed a similar low-risk approach when reducing the power consumption of previous products.

Evisive, Inc.
8867 Highland Rd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 962-0658
Karl Schmidt
ARMY 09-114      Awarded: 10/7/2009
Title:Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) for Non-Destructive Test/Non-Destructive Inspection/Non-Destructive Evaluation/Non-Destructive Test Evaluation (NDT/NDI
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop, demonstrate, and field a Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI) Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) for field units and depot to utilize in inspecting and/or repairing compo-site rotor blades. The NDI-ATE is to be field portable, provide results in near real time, with an automated assessment capability for field use and a detailed assessment capability for depot use in conjunction with maintenance and repair activities. The NDI-ATE will use Evisive Scan microwave interferometry and other NDI technologies as appropriate to achieve the combined automated and detailed NDI objectives. This will include inspection of the composite material structures and (using commercially available NDI technology) inspection of metallic components. This initiative is to develop, demonstrate, and field an affordable and reliable NDI-ATE device to determine structural health of composite rotor blades. It will demonstrate feasibility (Phase I), develop a functional prototype unit (Phase II) and implement a commercial program to field a fully airworthy system (Phase III).

JENTEK Sensors, Inc.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Robert Lyons
ARMY 09-114      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Capacitive Array Technology for Composite Rotor Blade NDI
Abstract:Composite rotor blades are susceptible to a variety of damage mechanisms, including voids, delaminations, disbonds, impact and battle damage, matrix cracking and water intrusion. Current inspection practices do not provide adequate levels of sensitivity to defect conditions, cannot provide reliable defect identification and are subjective in nature, resulting in increased operating and maintenance costs. Improved nondestructive test methods are needed that can be integrated into automated test equipment to produce 3-D images of defects and internal blade conditions. This proposed Phase I program will address composite rotor blade NDI by introducing a new inspection capability based on advanced capacitive array technology. This technology offers unique capability for glass fiber reinforced polymers such as those used in rotor blades and has demonstrated capability to detect relevant defects in relatively nonconducting composite materials. JENTEK is currently developing capacitive array technology for ceramic matrix composites under a Navy Phase II program and for imaging density and thickness of asphalt paving under a program administered by the National Academy of Sciences. This proposed program will leverage on-going funding to demonstrate feasibility of a rapid, capacitive 3- D imaging solution for surface and internal defects in composite rotor blades.

OKOS SOLUTIONS, LLC
1401 WEST IDAHO STREET
BOISE, ID 83702
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 345-1898
Curt Rideout
ARMY 09-114      Awarded: 10/14/2009
Title:Deep Focus, Multi-Zone Inspection Capability for Automated Acoustic Microscope Inspections in the Field
Abstract:Aging and newer composite aircraft fleets have led to the need for advanced damage detection systems. Inspections for damage in the field are limited due to equipment capability, size/weight, automation challenges, human error and disassembly issues. A portable, lightweight, robust inspection system powered by an user-friendly, automated software system, with remote scanning capability, could improve the current field inspection challenges faced today. OKOS Solutions proposes an advanced inspection capability that has the potential to provide significant improvement in composite and metallic damage detection in the Field/Depot level environment through patented “lensing” of the acoustic signal. This could provide for a significant increase in the depth of field scanned, in a single scan in materials; along with an increase in the resolution of the return information. The technology could potentially remove the inherent issues with multiple scanning and errors associated with repositioning, as the single Deep Focus/Multi-Zone scan would have a single reference with all “layers” of the scans within one data base. The developed OKOS software technology is designed to effectively “peel” away the layers within a single scan, within the scanned volume of material, and be fully automated. Operator set-up and knowledge are minimized for an effective inspection.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Robert M. McKillip, Jr.
ARMY 09-115      Awarded: 10/16/2009
Title:Flight-Rated Fault-Tolerant Rotor State Sensor
Abstract:A novel system for the measurement of rotor states is proposed for development, to be used as part of a control system in the support of advanced helicopter (and tiltrotor) handling qualities and flight dynamics improvements. The design builds on extensive prior rotor instrumentation work that has supported numerous wind tunnel testing research programs, but adds robustness and fault-tolerant features permitting its use as part of a man-rated flight control system. Key to the rotor state measurement approach is the use of on-blade acceleration measurements that provide enhanced tracking performance in the rotor state estimator, and the capability to incorporate a simple algorithm in the processing of raw sensor signals. Robustness is provided through the implementation of the estimator in individual microprocessors co-located with the instrumentation on each blade, thus permitting the use of voting schemes for handling degraded sensor signals or other system faults. The proposed workplan addresses the technical challenges associated with converting this concept to a functional and reliable piece of man-rated flight hardware.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Richard Hreha
ARMY 09-116      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Pressurized Forward Osmosis for Man-Portable Desal
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) will investigate new techniques for efficient portable desalination devices with high product flow rates. CRG will utilize forward osmosis (FO) technology to increase the efficiency of current reverse osmosis (RO) powered devices. FO systems maintain several advantages over RO systems including passive desalination and minimal membrane fouling. By combining features from both RO and FO desalination devices, the effluent flow rate can be greatly increased. The proposing team''s track record of innovation of new materials positions CRG for successful implementation of a portable desalination device meeting the Army’s operational needs.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
ARMY 09-116      Awarded: 1/19/2010
Title:Portable Electric Capacitive Desalination
Abstract:To address the Army need for a man portable desalinator, supporting the Individual Soldier On-The-Move Hydration system, and compatible with the currently employed modular lightweight load-bearing equipment pack (MOLLE), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Portable Electric Capacitive Desalination (PECAD) system, based on the separation of salts from water by the alternating electric polarization of porous electrodes (capacitive deionization), producing drinkable water that exceeds the quality standards outlined in the U.S. Army guidelines. The system will weigh less than 2.5 lb, including a battery pack, with the batteries in a volume less than 100 in.^3. Its operation is automatic and self-recharging, using only natural sourced brackish water supplied at the device’s inlet. The simple design of the device and absence of any high-pressure components guarantees low manufacture cost and long lifetime. In Phase I, POC will build a benchtop prototype for evaluating the desalination efficiency of this approach. Experience gained from these tests will be utilized in constructing an optimized deployable prototype in Phase II.

Agile Nanotech, Inc.
11025 Roselle St., #100
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 692-2128
Douglas Giese
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 1/12/2010
Title:Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Mitigating Helmet Pad
Abstract:AgileNano™ and GENTEX®, the manufacturer of 1/3 of the ACHs in the field, propose a revolutionary, breathable helmet pad system to mitigate TBI and dramatically decrease thermal burden. Our Phase I demonstration will combine four types of protection into a single lightweight, integrated suspension pad system to mitigate both blast shock front and concussive injuries while greatly improving Warfighter comfort and performance. The first layer of AgileNano-GENTEX system will cradle the head and promote air flow, wick away perspiration and prevent the growth of odor causing bacteria. Next, the Flowair™ concussive protection layer, combines a mechanically strengthened, strain-rate sensitive, density gradient, polyurethane foam reinforced by a tetrahedral lattice truss textile system, with a low density shear thickening material (LDSTM) to meet the 17 fps/150 G blunt trauma requirement while promoting cooling airflow. LDSTM has already demonstrated impact attenuation of 61 Gs at 10 ft/sec. in drop tower testing. The percussive protective, outermost part of the pad system will use AgileNano’s AgileZorb™, a revolutionary nanotechnology-based, blast energy absorbing material. AgileZorb™ reacts quickly enough to smoothen and lower the supersonic shock front and was recently shown by the Navy to reduce transmitted blast pressures by 75% to 90%.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4943
Dr. X. G Tan
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Functionally Graded Energy Absorbing Military Helmet Pads for Protection Against mTBI
Abstract:Military helmets are designed based on costly and time consuming laboratory ballistic tests, firing range data, and forensic data. Until now advanced computational modeling tools have not been adequately utilized in the design and optimization of military helmets. The overall objective of this project is to develop a mild traumatic brain injury mitigating pad by integrating high-fidelity Finite Element Model (FEM)-based computational tools and experimental testing. The integrated experimental and computational models will be used to study the blunt impact effect on the low-density energy absorbing materials and the dynamic responses of the skull and brain. The numerical model will be validated against experimental data involving drop test, biomechanical response of head phantom. The computational tools will optimize the helmet pad design with a multi-parametric design window: variable material composition, layer thickness, multiple impact behavior, impact rate and others. The sample pad based on the numerical analysis will be fabricated and subjected to the impact tests. In Phase II we will develop the new material system for the helmet pads, and demonstrate that the developed materials reduce the risk of brain injury in both impact tests and shock tube tests. The integrated hardware/software framework will be delivered to the Army.

Team Wendy, LLC
17000 Saint Clair Avenue Building 1
Cleveland, OH 44110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 738-2518
Ron Szalkowski
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Mitigating Helmet Pad
Abstract:There is a pressing need to improve protection against brain injuries amongst our troops with Traumatic Brain Injury considered the signature injury of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Potential sources of mild Traumatic Brain Injury include both blunt impact and blast pressure waves (shock-fronts). This research will focus on the development of new polyurethane foam systems that build on the performance characteristics of the proprietary foam used in the current Team Wendy helmet pads. These performance characteristics will include quasi-static and dynamic compressive stress-strain across a range of strain rates and temperatures as well as blast pressure mitigation though shock- tube experiments. These material properties will be optimized through reformulation of the foam system to achieve performance closer to theoretically ideal. In addition to these polyurethane foam systems two additional routes will be considered; foams enhanced with shear-thickening-fluids and new thiol-ene and thiol-urethane/urea based energy absorbing materials. The potential for increased rate sensitivity of foams enhanced with shear-thickening-fluids will be determined through dynamic and static compression tests. The potential performance benefits of new thiol-ene and thiol-urethane/urea based energy absorbing materials will be determined through comparison of dynamic thermomechanical properties to those of the polyurethane foam systems.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 2140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5936
Richard Stringfellow
ARMY 09-117      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:TPE Honeycomb Materials System for ACH Helmet Pads
Abstract:TIAX proposes the development of a helmet pad system based on the use of thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) honeycomb structures optimized through materials characterization, simulations of system behavior, and dynamic testing. A shortcoming of existing helmet pads is that they are composed of open cell foam, a material with the same mechanical response in all loading directions. However, when used as helmet pads, the material will be primarily subjected to transverse compression. This knowledge can be leveraged to further improve the pad design, tailoring the anisotropy of the material system to optimize the response of the pads in transverse compression. TIAX believes that honeycomb structures composed of thermoplastic elastomers represent the ideal system for helmet pads/liners for the following reasons: (1) the honeycomb structure has optimal material utilization for transverse compression with a high performance-to-weight ratio; (2) thermoplastic elastomers can be selected for optimal dissipation characteristics in the desired range of strain rates and temperatures; (3) the material deformation is highly recoverable and the system is ideally suited for multiple (repeated) impact performance; (4) required manufacturing processes are inexpensive and well established. We are confident that the proposed approach will allow us to develop a protection system with optimal performance.

Loki, Incorporated
12596 Whipporwill Rd
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 239-6944
Sergey Shkuratov
ARMY 09-118      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Ultra Compact Energy Efficient High Voltage Switches for Switching Very Small Energy Stores
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create two new types of ultra-compact, energy efficient, high voltage switches. These switches will be used to deliver the energy from power supplies that store very small (0.5-5 J) amounts of prime energy to loads of different types. es. The overall dimensions of switches of both types will not exceed 20 mm. The operating voltage depends on the design and materials, and it can be gradually set from 10 to 150 kV. The energy consumption of the switches will be 50 mJ, maximum, at 150 kV operating voltage. The switches will function properly with both explosive-driven and conventional pulsed power systems, and they will withstand high g-force loads. The technology of their manufacturing can be well established. There will be no expensive parts and materials in the switches, and their cost will be very low.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-3642
Frank Rose
ARMY 09-118      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Ultra Compact Energy Efficient High Voltage Switches for Switching Very Small Energy Stores
Abstract:Radiance proposes to create a low loss critical power conditioning element, a miniature switch, which is integral to munitions capable of generating electronic kill mechanisms in addition to blast and impact damage. Inherent in the switch is the requirement that they must be capable of sustaining severe g-loading, meet stringent efficiency and volume requirements, and have appropriate shelf life. We are unaware of any ultra-compact, low loss, miniature switch, approximately 1 inch diameter , that can function in an explosive- driven, pulsed-power system capable of hundreds kilovolts output voltage at hundreds of megawatts power levels. We propose to develop two unique switch concepts, one based on a miniature detonator to shock a dielectric insulator to conductivity and a second hermetically sealed gas switch that have the potential to meet the stated requirements. These switches could be enabling for many of the advanced DoD non-conventional warheads. The switch design concepts envision a completely self-contained, inert-until- used switch with requisite energy store for switching. It is possible to build ultra compact single shot/multiple shot switches that are compact, efficient, and inexpensive. These units have applications in impulse radar, flash x-ray systems, high-power RF systems, and as overvoltage protection in sensitive electronics.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Jon Geske
ARMY 09-119      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Scalable Coherent High Power Vertical Cavity Diode Laser Array
Abstract:Aerius proposes a Mutually Injection Locked VCSEL Array (MIL-VCSEL) system architecture to achieve a scalable 100kW coherently phased diode laser array. Aerius’ approach addresses the historic challenges with coherently phased beam combining of large-format diode laser and VCSEL arrays. The proposed approach improves upon the narrow injection locking range deficiencies of most VCSEL designs and requires no moving parts or dynamic stabilization. Aerius’ approach eliminates the impact of growth rate variation across the entire VCSEL wafer and also eliminates the impact of the thermal gradient across the packaged 2-D VCSEL array. This will ultimately allow for 100 kW VCSELs arrays to be housed in a single package with electrical serial interconnections and with all the pixels in the array within the injection locking range under high power operation. The simplicity of Aerius’ MIL-VCSEL supercavity approach will allow for 50% efficient operation and system level power scaling to 100kW. Aerius’ VCSELs have demonstrated the efficiency and polarization control necessary for the approach to be successful.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 713-5230
Paul Leisher
ARMY 09-119      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Coherent High Power Diode Laser Array
Abstract:In this proposal, nLight and its collaborator, Prof. Kent Choquette, of the University of Illinois, seek to directly address limiting factors which have prevented the development of coherent high power diode laser arrays. The proposed approach leverages a novel method of fabricating in-phase coherently-coupled VCSEL arrays combined with high power packaging based on microchannel cooler technology. The laser design utilizes high density gain pixilation introduced by small proton-implanted current confinement apertures. What makes this approach fundamentally different than the others before it is this gain pixilation is performed with little-to-no optical loss introduced between adjacent emitters. This allows the arrays to lock up in the preferred in-phase supermode (with on- axis intensity peak in the far-field), without the need to individually address and control relative phasing of constituent emitters. These high-density coherent VCSEL arrays will then be In-soldered to Cu microchannel coolers, and power scaling can then be achieved by simply scaling the area of the array, with preliminary calculations suggesting powers as high as 1 kW are realizable from a 1 cm x 1 cm chip.

Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Robert Taylor
ARMY 09-120      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Deployable Articulating Array for Nanosatellites
Abstract:The proposed innovation is targeted at inexpensive and operationally responsive nanosatellite platforms with a total stowed volume of 32cm x 20cm x 20cm or less. Such technologies currently suffer from limited functionality due to undesirable power constraints. The proposed innovation is an articulating deployable nanosatellite array. When used as a solar array, the structural innovation allows an order of magnitude increase in power generation over the state of the art from 5 to 50 Watts. The articulating array provides two problem-solving characteristics. 1) It allows a large area of arrays to be stowed into a thin and unobtrusive volume surrounding the spacecraft bus. 2) Using a novel solid-state (non-motorized) actuator, it articulates the array about a single axis. The articulation is provided by a simple and energy efficient solid-state (i.e. no motors) actuation mechanism. This allows the spacecraft configuration to be optimized for two or more simultaneous tasks. For example, an RF antenna rigidly attached to the spacecraft bus could be maintained in a nadir pointing configuration while the solar arrays are maintained in a solar pointing configuration by the proposed articulating deployable array structure.

Tethers Unlimited, Inc.
11711 N. Creek Pkwy S., Suite D113
Bothell, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 486-0100
Jeffrey Slostad
ARMY 09-120      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Lightweight Nanosatellite Deployable Array
Abstract:We propose to develop a lightweight deployable array to enable nanosatellite-scale spacecraft to reliably deploy large-area solar arrays and antenna arrays to enable these small satellites to perform missions requiring high power and/or high gain communications. Although launch opportunities for smaller scale spacecraft are becoming much more common, the supporting subsystems required to utilize these options for anything more than a quick technology demonstration have proven to be challenging. The low powers and small antenna apertures currently available for nanosatellite scale systems restrict the mission utility of these platforms. Providing large deployable arrays for power and communications on small spacecraft is a challenging task, requiring specialized and refined techniques. We have identified two candidate structures for lightweight deployable arrays suitable for nanosatellite applications. Both concepts rely on familiar structural concepts, but incorporate significant modifications to enable their application to smaller scales. In the Phase I we will perform design and analysis to identify the option with the best balance of cost, mass, and performance. We will then build a full-scale proof-of-concept prototype to verify reliable deployment and mechanical performance.

NxGen Electronics Inc.
9771 Clairemont Mesa Blvd. Suite A
San Diego, CA 92124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 707-9977
Stephie Althouse
ARMY 09-121      Awarded: 11/1/2009
Title:Rapid Identification of Ordnance and IED Materials
Abstract:The Quantum Fingerprint technology is a novel and exciting sensor technology that combines high trace species detection sensitivities with high degree of species selectivity in a small, low power, low noise,solid state platform. It is inherently versatile and can be made to be very rugged and reliable. Interfaces with available GPS and wireless communications are provided depending on the preferences of the user. NxGen Electronics Inc is partnering with US Semiconductor and in collaboration of University of Missouri. This proposal addresses the need for rapidly identifying and sourcing Ordnance and IED materials including the place of manufacture and origin of IED components. Both commonality and differences between IED components can be determined to identify source and relationship to unknown IED manufacture. The system is designed to be used in broad range of military and civilian applications where identification of bomb components is critical. Rapid interdiction and neutralization of international terroist groups and the security in industrial facilities can be enhanced with a high degree of certainty.

SimQuest, LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Dwight Meglan
ARMY 09-122      Awarded: 10/20/2009
Title:HemSim - Hemostatic Agent Hemorrhage Control Simulator
Abstract:Control of hemorrhage not amenable to tourniquets and/or pressure dressings is critical to combat casualty care at point of wounding. Disseminating the knowledge of when/how to use hemostatic agents and learning the physical skills to effectively apply them in conjunction with other hemorrhage-control skills are top tactics/techniques/practice (TTP) priorities. SimQuest proposes to develop a system using computational simulation of bleeding coupled with display and sensing technologies to enable practice in applying hemostatic agents with any type of physical training surrogate. This solution will make available low-cost, realistic hemorrhage-control training that will include application of real or surrogate dressings, bandages, hemostatic agents (granular and impregnated bandages) and computation of their resulting influence upon wound bleeding behavior. This will provide a more realistic approach to training than currently used, help eliminate the need for animal models and, if used with an intelligent tutoring system, could decrease the number of instructors needed to maintain effective learning outcomes. Further, quantitative performance measures will be generated by the system to allow uniform, objective assessment of trainee proficiency across instructors and institutions.

Simulution, Inc.
211 River Ridge Circle Suite 104
Burnsville, MN 55337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 895-6165
Bruce Anderson
ARMY 09-122      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:A Validated Hemorrhage Control Simulator
Abstract:Simulution, the National Capital Area Simulation Center and Combat Medical Systems Inc., propose to produce a realistic simulator for training combat medics to control hemorrhage from the chest, abdomen and groin. This simulator will consist of a mannequin that has a durable base with replaceable blood vessels, organs and skin pads. Organs will be created with pre-made injuries or the trainer can cut uninjured simulated organs to create injuries that cause varying degrees of hemorrhage. A hydraulic circulatory system will perfuse the organs with artificial blood at a controllable flow rate to simulate hemorrhaging injuries of varying severity. The skin pads will contain embedded beads of artificial blood to provide realistic surface bleeding. An artificial blood will be chosen in concert with a simulated hemostatic agent that will cause the artificial blood to harden and clot. This agent will be impregnated in gauze and packaged in simulated packages of Combat Gauze. This simulator and its associated curriculum will allow combat medics to learn to control bleeding using simple first aid techniques as well as advanced techniques including hemostatic agents, when to abandon one treatment and move to another, and how to chose from different hemorrhage control techniques during combat.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4750
Bob Pokorny
ARMY 09-123      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Architecture to Support Interactive Training Simulation
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and our collaborators propose to apply IAI’s CybeleTM agent-based system to develop an architecture that supports interactive, training simulations on supercomputers. The CybeleTM agent based system already incorporates many of the characteristics required for an effective middleware for executing simulations on supercomputers: CybeleTM is inherently distributed and may be hosted on each of the nodes in the supercomputer cluster; it supports threads of parallel activity, and it interacts between components (agents) by passing messages. To develop this architecture, we will (1) work with UCF/IST supercomputer scientists to understand characteristics of their supercomputer; (2) work with designers and developers of simulation based training system to understand their requirements and limitations when using standard computers; (3) design an architecture that meets the requirements of interactive training simulations; and (4) begin to implement the architecture for a specific training system. The option and Phase II would complete implementations of the architecture for interactive training systems. We foresee inviting interested organizations with interesting training simulations to implement their systems on the supercomputer. This project should result in implemented middleware for running interacting training simulations on supercomputers, and guidance for building or modifying training simulations to make effective use of supercomputers.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 827-5555
Abe Megahed
ARMY 09-123      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Server-based Hypercosm 3D Interactive Platform for Simulation (SHIPS)
Abstract:As both security requirements and the computing demands of 3D simulation grow, new solutions that take advantage of the shift to cloud computing and broadband availability will be needed. With new services for online gaming set to hit the marketplace, similar capabilities in interactive simulation for training will be expected, though with a much more cost-effective platform. Orbital Technologies Inc. proposes to expand its web-based 3D simulation software suite into a server component/native web client application that will be capable of running a simulation optimized for training from a high performance computer. The Server-based Hypercosm 3D Interactive Platform for Simulation (SHIPS) will investigate a new paradigm in computing: cloud simulation. Cloud simulation blends the most promising aspects of high powered computing together with the benefits of mobile platforms. In the Phase I, ORBITEC’s web-based Hypercosm simulation system will be reprogrammed into a feasibility prototype that can send 3D simulation images from a server to a client. It will be expanded in the Phase I Option to include interactive multiplayer features that will demonstrate full future capabilities.

---------- NAVY ----------

178 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Jason Burkholder
NAVY 09-093      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:3D Corrosion Mapping System for Complex Curved Surfaces
Abstract:SBIR Topic NAVY 09-093 clearly describes the roadblocks that must be overcome in order to provide 3D surface mapping of corrosion on complex curved surfaces. Barron Associates and Southwest Research Institute propose innovations in sensing, control, and signal processing that will serve as the foundation for a new 3D corrosion mapping system (3DCMS). The cornerstone of the 3DCMS is the integrated optical module (IOM). The IOM is a new high-resolution sensor architecture featuring an extremely compact head unit suitable for inspection of small diameter interior cylinders and exterior surfaces with a variety of fillets and transition radii. Accompanying designs of the intelligent feedback control system and 3D image registration techniques are of nearly equal importance and also require significant innovation. The actuation system will be based on commercially available robotic manipulator technology in order facilitate prototype demonstration. In order to fully satisfy the requirements of mapping an unknown surface of complex geometry without models of the nominal shape while minimizing operator interventions, an adaptive-autonomous 3D path planning algorithm will be integrated in the design. The Phase I effort will focus on design of the IOM and prediction of the feasible performance of the feedback control system and image registration algorithm.

Coherix, Inc.
1002 Ranchero Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 922-4074
Michael Mater
NAVY 09-093      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:HoloMapper-C 3D Mapping of Corrosion on Complex Curved Surfaces
Abstract:Analyze, experimentally verify and preliminarily design a system for automated micron- level mapping of complex interior and exterior complex surfaces of parts for corrosion and other microscopic defect detection using 3-dimensional (3D) high-definition holographic surface measurement technology. Demonstrate achievable 3D resolution and feasibility of automated stitching of surface views to automatically form complete 3D maps of large and structurally critical Naval aircraft parts.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Laura McGrath
NAVY 09-093      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:High Resolution Corrosion Mapping via In-Situ White Light Interferometry for Complex Geometries
Abstract:Corrosion damage costs the Navy time and money by requiring critical components to be monitored for fatigue on a scheduled basis rather than by need. When quantitative analysis of corrosion data is obtained, lifetime models and corresponding depot level re- work can be planned appropriately while maintaining fleet readiness. White light interferometry (WLI) uses white light interference patterns to determine surface features with vertical nanometer resolution. WLI has been shown to provide pitting and surface depth erosion of corroded structures. Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes to develop a conceptual design for a portable WLI that is capable of measuring the inside diameter of shafts and other complex geometries of mission critical structural components via three approaches 1) improve the situation awareness of the optical head to improve the accuracy of portable image acquisition, 2) utilize software programming to analyze a region of interest to reduce sampling time and file size and 3) a novel optic design to measure fillets and other high slope regions. It is anticipated that the conceptual prototype will be built and demonstrate a design that is simple to employ with improved resolution.

JRM Enterprises, Inc.
150 Riverside Parkway, Suite 209
Fredericksburg, VA 22406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 371-6590
Christopher Fink
NAVY 09-094      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Material Classification for Physics-Based Sensor Simulation Using Stereo-Pair Imagery
Abstract:The recent deployment of high-resolution stereo-imaging sensors aboard satellites affords a unique opportunity to to derive more realistic material classified terrain terrain databases for physics-based sensor and mission trainers. JRM is uniquely experienced and qualified in the many technology areas required to support this topic: EO, IR and radar signature synthesis and phenomenology understanding, material-classification algorithm and software development, real-time sensor simulation product development, an established network of sensor simulation customers and distributors, maintenance of a material measurement and spectrometry laboratory, partnerships with satellite imagery providers, and expertise in state-of-the-art GPU shader technology. In this Phase I SBIR, JRM Technologies proposes to explore and design a comprehensive set of innovations for exploiting stereo-pair satellite imagery toward improved physics-based simulation for war-fighter sensor training. JRM proposes the following specific innovations: 1. Fast, efficient algorithms and software for processing stereo-pair imagery into 3D-point clouds; 2. Improved material classification techniques and software for leveraging this 3D stereo- pair-derived data; 3. GPU-techniques for improved EO, IR, and radar channel simulation which leverage stereo-pair-enhanced material-classified terrain databases; and 4. Improved material data libraries for producing and exploiting stereo-pair-enhanced material-classified terrain databases. As an option, JRM also proposes a Proof of Concept demonstration with stereo pair imagery.

SimWright Inc.
2053 Fountain Professional Court Suite A
Navarre, FL 32566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(850) 939-8707
Dan Matthews
NAVY 09-094      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Material Classification for Physics-Based Sensor Simulation Using Stereo-Pair Imagery
Abstract:In order to generate geospecific materialization and textures for synthetic scenes derived from satellite based stereo imagery, a complete model or description of the reflectance is required for surfaces in that scene. Surface reflectance accounts for various characteristics the human eye uses to distinguish objects in natural or image scenes. Attributes include: material type (metal, plastic, vegetation etc.), shape, specular versus diffuse reflection, glossiness and surface texture are examples. Reflectance is typically characterized by the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) which describes the differential change in spectral radiance reflected (dLr (?r??r)) off a surface with respect to incident spectral irradiance dE(?i??i) to that surface. SimWright Inc. applies twelve years experience in remote sensing, 3D visual simulation, stereo photogrammetric image processing (including tool development) and systems integration to propose a remote sensing approach to measure BRDF for physics-based material classification and synthetic texture generation. The approach is built upon extensive airborne and ground based testing (model validation) which will measure target objects’ spectral radiance in elevation and azimuth. Skydome irradiance will also be characterized. Accurate BRDF models can be incorporated into physics based modelers to generate 3D terrain surfaces and objects for IGs.

Technology Service Corporation
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 954-2200
Uri Bernstein
NAVY 09-094      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Material Classification for Physics-Based Sensor Simulation Using Stereo-Pair Imagery
Abstract:Current simulators can display very detailed imagery over very large geographic training areas in both visual and sensor channels. To provide a high-fidelity sensor channel, the simulation must be physics-based, and must rely on knowledge of the material properties of the simulation area. The proposed work includes the development and evaluation of algorithms for an advanced classifier and feature extractor that uses both color/multispectral imagery and digital elevation maps. It is specifically targeted to exploit the stereo imagery from the latest generation of earth imaging satellites. The extractor uses an initial multi-scale object-based process to segment the image, followed by an expert system for object classification and feature extraction. The proposed option tasks include the exploitation of height and intensity texture, and the extraction and representation of spatial variability within a material class.

Global Engineering and Materials, Inc.
11 Alscot Drive
East Lyme, CT 06333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 367-4970
Jim Lua
NAVY 09-095      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Innovative Analysis Tool for Damage Growth From Loaded Composite Fastener Holes
Abstract:A software tool for residual strength and life prediction of composite bolted joints will be developed by enhancing and integrating an existing mesh independent delamination and matrix cracking network model in ABAQUS. The tool will be able to model arbitrary location, size of damage, and geometric configuration of a composite structure with fastener holes without user intervention or remeshing. High computational efficiency and modeling fidelity is achieved via the integration of the discrete crack network model with a hybrid fatigue damage model within ABAQUS’ computational framework. Global Engineering and Materials, Inc. (GEM) has secured commitments for technical support from UDRI, LM Aero, and SIMULIA, who will provide existing solution modules, supporting data, customization plug-ins, and expertise. In addition, Dr. Iarve from UDRI will provide GEM with his stand alone 3D bolted joint stress analysis and damage growth prediction tool that has been in development for more than 10 years under the sponsorship of Air Force and NASA. The multi-faceted feasibility study consists of developing a method that will enable the prediction of multi-site, multi-mode damage initiation, propagation, and interaction in composite bolted joints subjected to monotonic and fatigue loading.

Global Engineering Research and Technologies
2845 E. 2nd Street
Tucson, AZ 85716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 829-7655
Ali Boufelfel
NAVY 09-095      Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title:Innovative Analysis Tool for Damage Growth From Loaded Composite Fastener Holes
Abstract:For the Phase I effort, Global Engineering and Research Technologies (GERT) will develop a validated analysis tool to predict damage initiation and growth as well as residual strength composite multiple-lap joints with many staggered bolts. The analysis tool will be based on the merger of (local) classical continuum theory and (non-local) peridynamic theory. The Phase I effort will consider published experimental investigations in the validation of the proposed approach. The predictions will be compared against the measured failure loads and photo micrographs of failure modes. This effort will also demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method by considering bolted lap joint configurations with multiple staggered bolts and multiple layers of different composite materials. Finally, the proposed method will be integrated into user friendly software modules that can be used to perform damage growth and life prediction of loaded holes in composite laminates.

Numerical Technology Company
120 Annie Cook Way
Roswell, GA 30076
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 578-3773
Yuri Nikishkov
NAVY 09-095      Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title:Innovative Analysis Tool for Damage Growth From Loaded Composite Fastener Holes
Abstract:We propose the development of a validated analysis tool to predict damage growth and useful life of loaded fastener holes in laminated composites. The objectives of Phase I are (1) to develop and verify a concept for comprehensive damage initiation and growth models applicable to loaded fastener holes; and (2) define a conceptual design for a prototype software/tool to perform damage growth and life prediction for loaded holes in composite laminates. The Numerical Technology Company team accumulated significant expertise and experience in the durability and damage tolerance technology development for composites and demonstrated unique abilities to predict damage and useful life through the rotorcraft industry verification. The team members developed a methodology for measurement of key matrix-dominated material properties as well as developed finite element-based techniques enabling accurate failure predictions for composites under quasi-static and fatigue loading. The proposed effort will further expand and verify/validate the durability and damage tolerance technology for loaded fastener holes in composites and establish a basis for the implementation of the algorithms in commercial software.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(402) 214-1782
Marc Hansen
NAVY 09-096      Awarded: 9/28/2009
Title:Ordnance Handling MultiAgent System (OHMAS)
Abstract:In today’s asymmetric warfare, there is a clear need to accelerate the flow of weapons from magazine to aircraft. This involves developing a semi-automated system that will significantly improve ordnance handling aboard air-capable ships. This system should prepare a Weapons Handling Plan using as much autonomy as the Weapons Department personnel are comfortable with, from collaborative software aid to near complete autonomy. 21st Century Systems, Incorporated is pleased to introduce OHMAS, “Ordnance Handling MultiAgent System.” OHMAS’s heart is the Interactive Weapons Handling Plan (IWHP), which can be thought of as equal parts of spreadsheet, map, application menu, and weapons handling scheduler and planner. The IWHP utilizes leading edge technologies and is accessible as a web service. The IWHP collaborates with other Virtual Ordnance Handling Agents (VOHA) in order to construct a weapons handling plan. Each VOHA contains a knowledge model which encapsulates the decision processes of an Ordnance Handling Officer as he constructs and executes a Weapons Handling Plan. The optimal weapon routes through the ship are determined by an innovative space-time path finding algorithm, which handles several weapons simultaneously. And with a 100th percentile commercialization rating, we are just the company to deliver this capability to the warfighter.

Probus Test Systems Inc
716 Newman Springs Rd #285
Lincroft, NJ 07738
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 758-8024
Manuel Fuentes
NAVY 09-096      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:A Novel Adaptive Intelligent Agent Framework for Agile Supply Chain Management supporting Naval Weapons Planning, Plan Repair, and Scheduling
Abstract:This document presents a computational model for problems pertaining to the planning, plan repair, and scheduling of weapons handling in aircraft carriers. This class of complex problems can be represented by a supply chain of a manufacturing enterprise with networked weapon component suppliers, factories, warehouses, quality assurance sites, and distribution centers. Through the supply chain, weapons components are acquired, transformed into weapon products, and delivered-to or returned-from customers. In the proposed framework, supply chain elements such as resources, functions, and decision-points, are represented by autonomous intelligent agents. This project will research system architectures based on a loose aggregation of intelligent agents that collectively represent an agile weapon supply chain management system. We propose the concept of groups of agents based on the biological cell paradigm. Agents form virtual organizations able to adapt constantly to changing missions. Agents will be able to learn from their past experience as well as from observing changes and corrections made by human weapon handling experts. The proposed framework is generic and can be applied without modifications to a large set of similar problems, such as stowage plan generation, load plan execution monitoring, online plan repair, inventory shipment scheduling, and warehouse offload planning.

Sheet Dynamics, Limited
1775 Mentor Avenue Suite 302
Cincinnati, OH 45212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 631-0579
Stu Shelley
NAVY 09-097      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Automated, Rapid Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI) of Large Scale Composite Structures
Abstract:SDL is proposing a system which can scan a large componsite structure quickly and accurately using a multi-resolution, 3D laser vibrometry scanning technique to conduct nonlinear spectroscopy based defect detection. The approach is non-contact removing the need for any couplant or coating removal.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
David Forsyth
NAVY 09-097      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Automated, Rapid Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI) of Large Scale Composite Structures
Abstract:The manual inspection of large composite structures on Navy aircraft such as the KC- 130J wing trailing edge requires significant manpower and calendar time. This reduces the availability of assets to the warfighter and increases the life cycle cost of the aircraft. The team of Texas Research Institute, Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin), Computational Tools, and Wesdyne propose to develop robotic nondestructive inspection (NDI) techniques using ultrasonic arrays, and to design and implement a new Automated Defect Analysis (ADA) to significantly reduce the manpower required to accomplish these necessary inspections. Wesdyne’s IntraSpectTM large area robotic scanners provide the hardware platform for the solution. Combining the robotic scanner with a linear ultrasonic array provides the fastest implementation possible of the most sensitive NDI method for typical composite aerospace structures. The TRI Team will then implement a new set of Automated Defect Analysis algorithms to analyze the data as it is being acquired. The ADA will be developed as an add-on to the existing TRI Team’s NDIToolboxTM software, to be integrated into the IntraSpectTM platform and transparent to the end user.

Thermal Wave Imaging, Inc.
845 Livernois Street
Ferndale, MI 48220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 414-3730
Steve Shepard
NAVY 09-097      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Automated, Rapid Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI) of Large Scale Composite Structures
Abstract:Composite aircraft structures present significant inspection challenges to most NDI methods. Most widely used NDI modalities, e.g. visual inspection and coin tap, have little or no relevance to composite aircraft. These are typically qualitative techniques that are difficult to replicate, and depend on subjective interpretation by the inspector. Visual inspection, which is still widely used for metal airplanes, is largely ineffective in composites, since most problems that occur leave no indication at the surface. Single point ultrasonic inspection (A-scan) is time prohibitive and its effectiveness relies on operator skill. In the proposed Phase I program, we will address the shortcomings of current thermography technology, in order to develop an automated, large scale NDI system suitable for on- aircraft inspection of large composite structures at a NAVAIR depot. The system we propose will build on the existing thermography knowledge base but, if successful, will address a significantly greater thickness range than current technology allows. It will also reduce the total cost of inspection because of substantial time savings with the added benefit of improved reliability of fidelity of depot level inspections.

Advatech Pacific, Inc.
1849 North Wabash Ave.
Redlands, CA 92374
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 598-4005
Scott Leemans
NAVY 09-098      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Novel Analytical Methods for Sandwich Core Termination Features
Abstract:Sandwich structures often offer the most structurally efficient and lowest cost solution for airframe structures. However, for sandwich panels to interface with substructure and accommodate penetrations, the core must be ramped down to a solid laminate region. Designing and verifying the structural integrity of these core termination regions is challenging due to the complexity of the physics involved and the lack of suitable design tools. In Phase I of this project, the Advatech Team will develop and demonstrate the components needed and create a proof-of-concept for a design environment for designing and analyzing the core termination regions in aero-structure sandwich panels with the intent to develop an approach for, and determine the feasibility of, global and local level analyses of core termination regions. The design environment will be structured as a modular, multi-scale and expandable tool. It will employ a modular architecture using modern software development best practices and standards. In this fashion, it will be possible in the future to replace individual modules with updated capabilities without a major software redevelopment effort. The design environment will incorporate FEMAP / NASTRAN and ESRD’s P-version StressCheck finite element codes; and eventually custom programs and applications needed to link the various modules.

VEXTEC Corporation
750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 372-0299
Robert Tryon
NAVY 09-098      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Novel Analytical Methods for Sandwich Core Termination Features
Abstract:The proposed project will develop a structural analysis framework incorporating high performance composite design methodologies to predict the reliability of sandwich termination features. The sandwich core termination region offers many challenges to properly design and verify its structural integrity. Complexities such as numerous interacting failure modes and sensitivity to manufacturing variations make designing and analyzing the core termination region costly and time consuming. The work proposed by VEXTEC under this SBIR project will produce a composite damage propagation prediction tool. It will explicitly link state-of-the-art laminate design techniques with the mechanistic failure models. Phase I will focus on delamination as the most significant damage mode and the mechanism will be modeled using a virtual crack closure technique (VCCT). During the Phase I Option, the global local analysis will be combined with probabilistic methods to allow for consideration of manufacturing variability throughout the structure. Phase I will show proof that structural analysis and design methodologies for bond integrity between the face sheet and the core of composite sandwich structures is readily achievable.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
Bruce Abraham
NAVY 09-099      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Robust Deployable Acoustic Node (RDAN)
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences Corp. working with L-3 Communications Maripro will develop a trawl-resistant, Robust Deployable Acoustic Node (RDAN). The RDAN technology will enable the U.S. Navy to install and operate acoustic underwater training ranges in shallow water environment to enhance fleet readiness. The acoustic sensor on the node will be specially designed to provide excellent acoustic fidelity as a tracking hydrophone while maintaining a relatively low profile to minimize risk from commercial fishing activities. The RDAN system will be deployable from vessels-of-opportunity rather than specialized cable laying ships. Commercialization within the U.S. Navy and the oil and gas industry will be pursued.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 653-0177
John Thornton
NAVY 09-099      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Design for Survivability Technologies
Abstract:Fishing activity remains an ongoing threat to bottom laid undersea instrumentation. We are proposing design concepts for the effective installation and protection of undersea cabled systems against fishing threats and the Mission Planning (MP) process required to install them. The threat environment will be defined and characterized, and a protective structure will be designed with a focus on anti-trawl as well as ease of deployment. The Design for Survivability (DfS) structure is an innovative protective technology which includes the installation methods that together will mitigate the threats to distributed undersea acoustic tracking instrumentation. Our DFS Structure, Installation and Mission Planning technology approaches will provide new capabilities that ensure that future training and tracking ranges can be installed that are more reliable for its systems life.

SkySight Technologies
4916 Hollopeter Rd
Leo, IN 46765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(260) 637-0588
Patrick McCammon
NAVY 09-099      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Protective Technologies and Installation/Implementation Methods for Undersea Instrumentation
Abstract:The proposed project will create an innovative Trawl Resistant Tether System to protect vertically suspended, bottom-tethered types of ocean bottom sensor installations from the vulnerabilities of trawl rig damage. It uses innovative geometry and fabrication techniques that do not impact the sensor performance in any way. The proposed system addresses two specific vulnerabilities: damage to the top of the tethered float and sensor assembly caused by contact with the trawl rig leading edge or door, and damage to the tether cable as it exits the truncated pyramid trawl resistant bottom mount base. To resist damage to the tethered float and sensor assembly, the solution incorporates a protective shield that prevents it from snagging in the trawl rigging at the point of transition between the tether and the float and sensor. To eliminate the risk of damage to the tether cable as it exits the base, a pinch- and shear-proof surround at the attachment point is incorporated and prevents the tether cable from being pinched or severed by the leading edge of the trawl rig or the bottom edge of the steel door. The proposed solution for feasibility study offers sensor protection not currently addressed by trawl resistant bottom mount products.

Evigia Systems, Inc.
3810 Varsity Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 302-1140
Navid Yazdi
NAVY 09-100      Awarded: 10/8/2009
Title:Prognostic Sensor Microsystem
Abstract:This proposed SBIR Phase I project initiates the development of a miniature light-weight high-functionality multi-sensor system that meets the requirements for prognostics and health management of military equipment, and their life cycle management and condition- based maintenance. The system integrates temperature, humidity, shock/vibration, and strain sensors with low-power CMOS circuit for sensor data management, data processing, storage and communication. The proposed system features facilitate its broad application for military and civilian equipment prognostics, and supplies tracking. It also provides improved life cycle cost and operational effectiveness.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl Palmer
NAVY 09-100      Awarded: 10/8/2009
Title:Prognostic Integrated Multi-Sensor MEMS Module (PRISM)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in cooperation with the MicroElectronics Department at the Rochester Institute of Technology, proposes to create a single-chip MEMS multi-sensor device capable of collecting comprehensive prognostic data. By integrating many of the sensing elements required for effective prognostic life estimation within a single tiny device, the invasiveness and expense associated with implementing condition-based maintenance practices can be dramatically reduced. The proposed MEMS-based module will record temperature, humidity, vibration/shock and stress/strain data for processing via prognostic algorithms. Key tasks of this Phase I effort include: - Design and Integration of multiple MEMS sensing elements operating in close proximity aboard a single silicon chip. - Development of signal conditioning circuitry tailored for driving and recording data from the prognostic MEMS sensing system. - Optimizing power usage based on data sampling rate and duration required for each specific application. - Creating an overall package design that encompasses the sensor, electronics, and communications in form factor that can be noninvasively deployed aboard most platforms. In phase I, a prototype MEMS sensor will be fabricated and parameter sensing will be verified. This provides the groundwork for the development of a deployable, near-final-scale prototype module in Phase II.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Justin Judkins
NAVY 09-100      Awarded: 10/8/2009
Title:Miniature MEMS-based Data Recorder for PHM
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal requests support for Ridgetop Group, Inc. to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) sensor with a CMOS embedded technology. This proposal responds to Navy Topic NAVY 09-100, “Analysis of Prognostic Sensor Technologies for MEMS Applications in Military Systems.” An experienced provider of advanced prognostics, Ridgetop will introduce the first known low cost, low power, and lightweight data monitoring solution for prognostic health management (PHM). This innovative solution uses a MEMS-first process methodology to fabricate MEMS sensors for temperature, shock, and vibration onto a single substrate that also contains sub-micron scale CMOS devices for the associated read-out and storage electronics. Phase I activities include the study and design at transistor level of the smart MEMS sensor. The research will performed at Ridgetop Group, Inc. and laboratories at University of Arizona, Tucson AZ will be utilized to develop and test the MEMS sensor. Phase II activities will focus on the pre-production of the prototype. The principal investigator, Justin Judkins, Ph.D., is well qualified to perform this work and has lead similar projects involving CMOS embedded system, data acquisition, sensor interface, and power management for extended battery life application.

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Kevin Harsh
NAVY 09-100      Awarded: 10/8/2009
Title:A MEMS Multi-sensor Suite for Prognostic Health Monitoring Applications in Military Systems
Abstract:The ability to monitor the health of military assets/equipment, to know their history, and to estimate their condition and/or useful life is an important issue for military planners. A key aspect of such heath monitoring (HM) concepts is a system that can sense, record, and store the history data of environmental exposures of an asset over its lifetime. Environmental parameters of most interest include temperature, relative humidity, inertial shock, and stress-strain. Such systems ideally require sensors that: are very small, utilize little power, operate in extreme environments, are maintenance free, and are low cost. Sensors with additional integrated functionalities such as data storage, and “smart” data interpretation are highly advantageous. Due to their inherent size, flexibility, and scalability advantages, Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) based sensor technologies are strong candidates for HM systems. An integrated MEMS multi-sensor module that can incorporate the above sensor functionalities and support data collection would help address life cycle cost and operational effectiveness issues concerning many military assets/equipment. The primary objectives of Phase I are to evaluate the feasibility (and merit) of using MEMS technologies and manufacturing processes to develop such a multi- sensor module, and provide an initial specification for a MEMS based device with appropriate capabilities.

Angle Inc.
7406 Alban Station Ct. Suite A112
Springfield, VA 22150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 866-0060
Richard Moore
NAVY 09-101      Awarded: 9/9/2009
Title:Target-Ocean Scene Simulator for the Prediction of Electromagnetic Scattering Effects of Sea on the Radar Cross Section (RCS) of Small Boats in Littor
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of generating realistic ocean-like ground planes for the RCS prediction of small vessels in both shallow and deepwater environments. Although significant progress has been made in furthering the state-of-the-art in electromagnetic modeling for air and ground environments, predicting target signatures at sea has lagged, in part, due to the problem of modeling the stochastic nature of the ocean surface. This has left analysts predicting the signatures of sea based targets, particularly in cases where shallow look down angles aren’t applicable, with the very limited and highly unsatisfactory options of using ground planes with flat or Gaussian based distributions for the modeling of sea surfaces. This proposal outlines an approach to leveraging existing technology under development at Angle Incorporated to model the ocean surface using a highly tessellated grid with a height field perturbed in real time using power spectral density models such as those defined by Pierson- Moskowitz or Hasselman. Moreover, it proposes integrating this technology into an application that also incorporates a physics engine contained in its WaveLore simulator products to model real-time vessel dynamics. With the addition of a CAD geometry import- export capability the real-world dynamic relationship between the ocean surface and the vessel orientation would be captured, providing a revolutionary improvement in predicting the radar cross section of sea-based target data.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 413-0290
Clayton Chinn
NAVY 09-101      Awarded: 9/9/2009
Title:Electromagnetic Scattering Effects of Sea on the Radar Cross Section (RCS) of Small Boats in Littoral and Deep Ocean Environments.
Abstract:Arete will use a physically realistic sophisticated non-linear simulation of wind-generated gravity and capillary waves called the Irrotational Green Water Model and/or the "Convergent Stokes Waves" Model to meet the objectives of this SBIR solicitation. The realistic ocean surface simulation will be rendered using a non-uniform rational B-spline mesh for export to certain CEM tools.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7500
Kuo-Yen Szema
NAVY 09-101      Awarded: 9/9/2009
Title:Electromagnetic Scattering Effects of Sea on the Radar Cross Section (RCS) of Small Boats in Littoral and Deep Ocean Environments.
Abstract:A comprehensive approach is proposed to providing realistic geometric models for small craft moving in a littoral environment, including representations for the sea surface, suitable for use in computing radar returns from the combined surfaces using currently available electromagnetic solvers. In the phase I effort, HyPerComp, Inc., in collaboration with Prof. Patrick Lynett of Texas A&M University, will construct and demonstrate an interface that utilizes the output of Prof. Lynett''s COULWAVE software, which generates time-dependent sea surfaces representative of both shallow and deep-water conditions, in combination with HyPerComp''s sophisticated gridding tools, to provide complete surface-patch representations for the target environment. In later phases, this interface will serve the basis for writing a GUI that will allow the end user to specify a wide range of sea and target environments for the EM solvers.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
NAVY 09-102      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Broadband, lightweight, low profile passive phased array
Abstract:The FIRST RF design combines cutting-edge technology in broadband phased array elements and high impedance metamaterials to produce a lightweight, low profile antenna array covering UHF through C-band frequencies. The array architecture minimizes the variation in gain and beamwidth over a nearly 20:1 bandwidth using a straightforward aperture architecture that avoids complex frequency-dependent excitation schemes. Wide scan volume is supported at all frequencies without grating lobes. Conventional broadband arrays use absorbing cavities to achieve a low profile and wide bandwidth, but at the cost of sacrificing antenna efficiency. The FIRST RF approach achieves efficient low frequency performance in a low profile using exciting emerging technologies in manufacturable, lightweight RF metamaterials. The techniques shrink the depth of the antenna to a small fraction of a wavelength while simultaneously mitigating interaction with the host platform and maintaining maximum efficiency. The phase 1 effort will demonstrate the critical antenna element and metamaterial technologies in small subarrays, with larger array demonstration planned for phase II.

FreEnt Technologies
PO Box 5365
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 651-5673
Herbert Fluhler
NAVY 09-102      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Low Frequency Ultra-Wide Band Connected Array
Abstract:Under prior efforts, FreEnt Technologies has developed a break through UWB Connected Array and then later a record breaking low frequency UWB Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC). The proposed effort is to integrate the new UWB AMC into the UWB Connected Array in order to achieve a new milestone in UWB array performance that achieves ALL the solicitations requirements with significant margin. The new array is expected to be highly producible and very low cost because it is made with conventional Printed Circuit Board (PCB) materials and manufacturing processes. This construction also supports a very low weight design, wherein even a vibrational ruggedized array should not weight but a few kilograms.

Spectra Research, Inc.
2790 Indian Ripple Road Russ Research Center
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-5999
Gordon Little
NAVY 09-102      Awarded: 9/18/2009
Title:Broadband, lightweight, low profile passive phased array
Abstract:Innovative approaches that improve overall antenna performance while minimizing antenna profile are desired solutions for all volumetrically restricted platforms. This is especially critical for advanced intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) platforms that are expected to provide extended time on station. Spectra Research proposes an innovative approach to accomplishing the program objectives by employing advances in fragmented aperture antenna designs, in concert with the extensive Spectra Research capability in designing specialized antennas, to develop solutions for a unique ultra broadband phased array. Both Cartesian and cylindrical FDTD simulations will provide a set of design rules that then may be used to modify analytical approximations. Once this is done, the design rules will be applied to intelligently optimize a candidate antenna design in the presence of specialized materials. In Phase II of this program, an advanced antenna design will be implemented based on lessons learned and sponsor guidance and a prototype demonstration will be constructed and measured.

Lambda Science, Inc.
P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 581-7940
Joseph G. Teti, Jr.
NAVY 09-103      Awarded: 9/15/2009
Title:Multi-Sensor Automated Ship and Small Craft Classification Tools
Abstract:The current state of the art in assisted target recognition separately processes individual image frames from different sensor modalities (e.g., ISAR and EO/IR) and forms a decision based on a weighted sum of classification confidence for each modality. The request for proposal (RFP) indicates that it is desirable to investigate the potential benefit of simultaneous processing of ISAR and EO/IR with the intent of using the EO/IR data to improve the focusing of the ISAR imagery on a frame-by-frame basis. While this approach may yield improved tracking of the scatterer field for improved focusing and hence improved classification/recognition, it is possible that more robust and relatively better focusing performance could be obtained through signal processing techniques that exploit radar transmit-receive (Tx-Rx) phase center diversity. In contrast, exploitation of radar Tx-Rx phase center diversity would not require EO/IR imagery (or for that matter any other sensor data) to be needed for improved ISAR focusing.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 202
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 213-5579
Sidney W. Theis
NAVY 09-103      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Multi-Sensor Automated Ship and Small Craft Classification Tools
Abstract:The proposed effort is to develop, compare, and test innovative techniques that will provide robust multi-sensor (infrared and radar) classification tools to assist the operator’s rapid and accurate classification of ships and small boats in the littoral. To that end techniques will be developed that merge simultaneously obtained IR and ISAR sensor information for estimation of motion that will be then used for improved target dimension estimation and visual representation and result in improved automated classification capabilities. In addition performance of these techniques will be assessed at various ranges and vessel sizes using representative sensor parameters. Optionally, a Phase 2 plan will be developed a to mature the technology, determine implementation details and define a demonstration to be performed in Phase 2.

International Association of Virtual Org., Inc.
DBA, IAVO Research and Scientific 345 West Main St., Ste. 201
Durham, NC 27701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 433-2410
Brad Grinstead
NAVY 09-104      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:Advanced Real-Time Imagery Fusion for Targeting and Mission Planning Using Volumetric Display
Abstract:The US Navy seeks innovative capabilities for the accurate and efficient volumetric display of geospatial data in real-time on a small form factor to support feature extraction for targeting in forward deployed environments. To meet this requirement, IAVO Research and Scientific proposes the development of the GeoMRSV (Geospatial MultiResolution Scene Visualization) suite. GeoMSRV will provide a highly innovative, fundamentally sound, low risk solution for rapidly ingesting, displaying volumetrically and extracting features from multiresolution, multisensor geospatial data that may be manifested in a small form factor hardware solution such as a ruggedized laptop. The underlying photogrammetric capabilities of GeoMRSV set it apart from traditional existing and emerging solutions supporting the rapid integration of new sensors and real-time update of newly acquired sensor data. GeoMRSV will leverage existing state of the art GPU protocols to enhance plug-and-play technologies to support holographic, pseudo- holographic, and other emerging display capabilities.

MNB Technologies, Inc.
1194 E Winners Cir.
Bloomington, IN 47401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 824-8225
Nicola Granny
NAVY 09-104      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:Advanced Real-Time Imagery Fusion for Targeting and Mission Planning Using Volumetric Display
Abstract:MNB Technologies presents a novel approach to integrating mission-specialized adaptive knowledge fusion front-end systems to their unique hardware accelerated real time synthetic holography visualization engine and projector. The result of this will be a portable distributed system that may be used to integrate disparate information into a cohesive volumetric perspective of the battlespace from sea floor to low earth orbit. Of particular significance is the system’s ability to extract highly accurate target mensuration and mission planning knowledge from real-time data sources using a holographic display with “reach in” human interface. Unlike approaches that demand new information schema to work, the proposed system is intended to uptake information from existing sources and integrate it, on demand, into actionable knowledge presented holographically. The system is highly scalable and may be used with wearable, notebook, and desktop class human interface systems connected to hand-held, tripod-mount, or fixed-mount projectors. Further, the system will find beneficial use in non-defense application areas including: medical imaging, education, air traffic control, drug discovery, homeland security, scientific visualization, and entertainment.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
NAVY 09-104      Awarded: 10/9/2009
Title:Holographic Volume Multiplex 3D Visualization System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for an innovative volumetric visualization technology using a real-time 3D display within a laptop environment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new real-time Holographic Volume Multiplex 3D (HOLOVOX-3D) volumetric visualization system based on high-speed projection of volume cross-sectional image planes using a novel multiplexed holographic screen. The innovative use of free- space volume image integration via hybrid electronic image processing, with optical image fusion allows the system to operate in real-time within a laptop environment, and also allows use of an interactive interface such as hand, dataglove, or wand to extract 3D spatial data from the displayed volumetric image. The system provides full-parallax volumetric 3D imagery with minimal electronic processing of 2D, stereo 2D, 3D, and computer-generated synthetic imagery, and optical image fusion by projection of multiperspective images into a common volumetric 3D space, which directly addresses the Navy’s requirements for targeting and mission planning. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HOLOVOX-3D system by design, simulation, and experimental demonstration of key performance by integrating a laboratory breadboard prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to design, develop, and demonstrate a fully functional prototype system to the Navy.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Douglas Bennett
NAVY 09-105      Awarded: 8/17/2009
Title:Measurement Methods for Phased-Array Jammers
Abstract:Bennett Aerospace proposes to use existing in-house technology to develop innovative methods to measure high power, wide bandwidth, dynamic beams from active electronically-steerable phased-array antennas. Working with the Navy, we will determine specific requirements, the best antenna and device/component technology, and develop the overall system in the context of both fidelity and cost.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
NAVY 09-105      Awarded: 8/17/2009
Title:Measurement Methods for Phased-Array Jammers
Abstract:SA Photonics ia pleased to propose a system approach to solving the issues that come with measurement and analysis of Phased array jamming systems. Our system, SPARC (SA Photonics Phased Array Characterization System), includes 4 main elements; The probe sub-system (photonic based signal acquisition and processing electronics), the signal processing and control sub-system, the probe positioning sub-system, and the probe position-tracking and measurement sub-system. The systemhas widebandwidth, can operate in very high illumination levels and has precision probe position determination to enable far-field beam precitions from near-field testing.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery
NAVY 09-106      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Analog to Information (A2I) Sensing for Software Defined Receivers
Abstract:ELINT systems are often limited in bandwidth because the Nyquist criterion restricts the sampled bandwidth to one half of the maximum sampling rate of the A/D converter. While A/D converter technology has improved over the last several years, it is still not sufficient for many wideband applications. Compressive sensing (CS) is a revolutionary concept recently proposed that allows for wider bandwidths to be processed using sampling rates less than the Nyquist rate when the sampled signals are sparse. Radar signals, such as those detected by an ELINT receiver typically meet such requirements for sparseness. GIRD Systems proposes herein a novel new compressive sensing method that is optimized for ELINT receivers that detect radar signals. By selecting an appropriate basis function set, we can deliver a system that meets performance expectations while still capable of being implemented in hardware.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3402
E. Holder
NAVY 09-106      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Analog to Information (A2I) Sensing for Software Defined Receivers
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes to design a receiver that will significantly reduce the sample rate required for a pulsed-Doppler EW sensing application using Compressive Sensing (CS) technology. The PRA Adaptive CS receiver will provide a compression in information space that will be sufficient to characterize multiple pulsed- Doppler waveforms accurately over a relatively large frequency band of interest. A pulsed-Doppler waveform can generally be characterized by a few parameters such as signal frequency, pulse width, pulse repetition frequency, dwell time, and bandwidth. The CS receiver will sample a number of channels (8) at the information rate required to determine the waveform parameters of interest instead of the Nyquist rate. By sampling at the information rate, the Analog-to-Digital Converter sample rates will be reduced by a factor of 50 to 1. An additional signal reconstruction channel (9th channel) will designed that can adapt to the output of the CS receiver to minimize the ADC sample rate. PRA will simulate the CS receiver and demonstrate its capability to (1) characterize pulsed-Doppler waveforms with varying pulse parameters, and (2) reconstruct the signal with minimal ADC sampling.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
NAVY 09-106      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Analog to Information (A2I) Sensing for Software Defined Receivers
Abstract:Radar Warning Receivers (RWRs) are an integral part of Tactical Aircraft Protection Systems and are used to quickly detect imminent threats so that countermeasures or other actions can be used to avoid attack. Threat Radar signals include pulsed Doppler signals with typical carrier frequencies from 2-40 GHz with the possibility to extend to even higher. An ideal RWR would be one based on the concept of a Software Defined Receiver (SDR), in which all key receiver algorithms are implemented in some form of programmable device. However, a significant limitation of a SDR based RWR is that the received RF signal must be sampled with an A/D converter which limits the usable bandwidth of a SDR to roughly 2 GHz. The relatively new field of compressive sensing is based on the notion that the information content of a signal may be much less than its instantaneous bandwidth, and that this signal “sparseness” can be exploited directly during the sensing operation. When applied to the sampling of wideband Radar signals, compressive sensing can allow Radar signals to be sampled well below the Nyquist rate, allowing COTS ADC devices to be used as a front end to a flexible software defined Radar Warning Receiver. This Phase 1 program will extend compressive sampling to the area of signal parameter estimation in order to detect and parameterize unknown received Radar signals over the entire Radar bandwidth from 1-100 GHz with a single ADC front- end receiver.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
J.H. Lalli
NAVY 09-107      Awarded: 9/15/2009
Title:Maritime Power Harvesting Piezo-Rubber™ Transducers for Autonomous In-water Sensors
Abstract:In support of the Naval Air Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Systems'' mission to rapidly deploy portable, autonomous sensor systems for training ranges in threat representative locale, NanoSonic offers Piezo-Rubber™, maritime power harvesting transducers. Piezo- Rubber™ distributed skins would exploit the natural energy sources from the sea (light, salinity gradients and water movements) to generate electricity. The unique, low mass density, shape changing transducers may eliminate the need for finite, battery powered sensors and lengthy cables. As NanoSonic has recently demonstrated Shape Memory- Metal Rubber™, EMI shielding (-88dB), flexible, adaptive materials that can morph underwater; the Piezo Rubber™ skins offer dual-use technology as self-powered underwater, or near surface and at surface unmanned vehicles. The Piezo-Rubber™ self-powered morphing skins would be tested at sea in sensor systems and within a line of bio-mimicking naval platforms which will require the strength, flexibility, and ability to embed sensors within a realistic skin-like enclosure. Materials evaluation shall be carried out with our defense prime partner to verify the feasibility to sustain 10-1000 Watts of power for 30 days to 1 year during Phase I-II to increase the TRL from 4-8. TRL9 shall be reached when Piezo-Rubber™ transducers operate at water depths ranging from 100- 5000 feet for 2-20 years.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 653-0177
John Thornton
NAVY 09-107      Awarded: 9/16/2009
Title:Power Harvesting Systems for Use with In-water Instrumentation
Abstract:Energy harnessing technology must be tuned to the environment that they harness. The ocean harnesses energy created by the sun storing most of it in the surface in the form of heat, light, and kinetic energy. The deeper in the ocean you travel, your options become reduced. Near the ocean floor there is essentially only one viable source still present besides biological energy. It is kinetic energy in the form of a small slow moving current that changes direction. Typically, the current will be 0.25 m/s. Turbines are unrealistic due to bio-growth and the small amount of power available. A solution presents itself in the form of vibrations created by vortex shedding. On the freeway in older model vehicles, an antenna will start to move side to side and back and forth violently at certain speeds. This is when a long cylinder reaches its intrinsic resonant frequency. Take this antenna, and instead of suppressing this effect, we maximize it, tune it, and mount it onto a circular rigid base plate sandwiching numerous, specially designed piezoelectric vibration harnessing generators. You now have a system that can capture slow moving current energy from any direction, for the use of sea floor transducers.

VERYST ENGINEERING LLC
47A Kearney Road
Needham, MA 02494
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 433-0433
Stuart Brown
NAVY 09-107      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:10-100W Submerged Power Using Catch-and-Release Energy Harvesting
Abstract:Veryst Engineering will design and prototype a submergeable energy harvesting device capable of generating 10 to 20 Watts for years. The device is based on a Veryst technology using stored energy capture and release. The technology can harvest power from alternating forces in mooring lines using encapsulated designs. The technology has been proven on a subWatt level. This project will address the technical issues of scaling to a higher power output.

LewTech Company, Inc.
7112 Nighthawk Drive
Fort Wayne, IN 46835
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(260) 402-0353
Sara Wagar
NAVY 09-108      Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title:Single Crystal Transducer Technology for Undersea Tracking Ranges
Abstract:Undersea tracking ranges are used to monitor and assess the performance of submarines, torpedoes, ships and targets conducting tests and exercises on weapon system performance. The ability to track these platforms is largely based on the performance of the transducers used in the tracking systems. Current state-of-the-art piezoelectric ceramic (PZT) transducers have performance limitations; therefore this SBIR will investigate the use of newly developed transducer material, lead magnesium niobate- lead titanate (PMN-PT), commonly known as single crystal, to provide desired tracking range performance enhancements. The improved electromechanical coupling factors, dielectric constant, and loss tangent associated with PMN-PT material will provide improved transducer response. These improvements include increased bandwidth and source level capability and operational depth for the projector elements, as well as enhanced sensitivity and improved self noise for the hydrophone system. The proposed program will model transducers using this material to establish a baseline approach, fabricate a prototype transducer and perform in-water testing to establish performance enhancements relative to PZT material. LewTech has formed a strong team with UnderSea Sensor Systems, Inc., a major manufacturer of sonar systems, surveillance systems and sonobuoys, to support the design and development of practical, cost effective transducers utilizing single crystal material.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
David Baird
NAVY 09-108      Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title:Single Crystal Transducer Technology for Undersea Tracking Ranges
Abstract:This NUWC Code 74 project will provide the research and design for application of single crystal lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate (PMN-PT) to undersea current and next- generation tracking range transducer requirements to provide the transmit and receive functionality required to monitor and track vehicles operating on Navy ranges. Current state-of-the-art piezo-electric ceramic transducers are limited by depth, bandwidth, and life cycle. An improved transducer based on single crystal technology could reduce the quantity of range instrumentation required since this is dependent largely on the sensitivity of the sensors, the power level transmitted and the signal degradation caused as sound travels through the water.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Kevin Snook
NAVY 09-108      Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title:Optimized Single Crystal Technology for Undersea Tracking
Abstract:The objective of this program is to utilize single crystal piezoelectrics to develop a platform which contains both transmission and receiving for acoustic tracking ranges with the ability to operate at great depths undersea. The key aspects addressed in Phase I are 1) showing the performance of single crystal at high pressures, 2) determining heat generation within the crystal for a high duty cycle, 3) modeling to show performance capabilities in both transmit and receive and 4) building of a transmit prototype for comparison with models. TRS and Ultra Electronics Ocean Systems will leverage their unique experience and collaborate to demonstrate the capabilities of the devices.

Analytical Services, Inc.
350 Voyager Way
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-2191
Joe Sims
NAVY 09-109      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Improved Stability of Double Base Propellants
Abstract:ASI is proposing a novel double base stabilizer concept that capitalizes on years of environmental research, including research into the reduction of NOx, SOx, and VOC gases released into the earth''s atmosphere. Our approach should not only provide better stabilizer performance, but will also allow for more stabilizer to be added to the typical double base propellant formulation, with fewer adverse performance effects normally associated with inert constituents.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Benjamin Beck
NAVY 09-109      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:High Temperature Propellant Stabilization Kinetics
Abstract:Luna Innovations will perform high temperature (200°F) thermal testing on nitrate ester mixtures and determine the stabilizer depletion reaction rate kinetics, as well as compare the rate kinetics of different stabilizer compounds. Novel polymer and oligomeric stabilizer compounds will have their depletion kinetics measured and an optimal candidate will be chosen for scale up and formulation with double base propellants. The ultimate goal is to identify a process for making a double-base propellant system that has superior long-term stability at high temperatures, therefore providing the Navy with safer propellant cartridges that possess extended service lives.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Skyler
NAVY 09-109      Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title:Novel Stabilizers for double base propellants
Abstract:Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI), in collaboration with ATK Energetic Systems, proposes to prepare a new class of stabilizers to improve the response of double base propellants to long term storage and cook-off conditions. These stabilizer molecules allow the incorporation of functionality of greater reactivity than current art solutions by eliminating compatibility issues. It is anticipated that, unlike prior art stabilizers, these compounds will be suitable for use in a wide range of double base propellant formulations. In Phase I, PSI will produce small samples of the new materials and assess their compatibility with double base propellant components. In Phase II, PSI will generate further analogs, scale- up production and ATK will provide aging and ballistics testing on double base propellants prepared with the new stabilizers.

MaxPower, Inc.
141 Christopher Lane
Harleysville, PA 19438
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 513-4230
Ian Kowalczyk
NAVY 09-110      Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title:Safe, High-Power Battery for Sonobuoys
Abstract:• The Navy has established a need to update the present high power sonobuoy power source used in Air Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) Systems. Present technology for the ASW sonobuoy battery utilizes a primary Lithium/SO2 battery chemistry which is capable of providing 20, 10 second pulses drawing 5500 W of power at 65 V. The existing system offers a low cost, high power solution, however concerns have been raised over the safety of this chemistry. Under high rates of discharge, the SO2 cell generates excessive amounts of heat which cause the cells to vent, releasing toxic fumes to the surroundings. MaxPower offers a baseline Li/MnO2 cell system as replacement for the Li/ SO2. Unique in this baseline cell are the cathode formulation and superior solution properties that can sustain high discharge condition. We showed equivalent pulse data showing that the Li/MnO2 cell system can meet the established power requirements, and we will validate this capability at the full size cell hardware level.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 4
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2002
Hisashi Tsukamoto
NAVY 09-110      Awarded: 9/12/2009
Title:Safe, High-Power Battery for Sonobuoys
Abstract:Quallion’s response to this Phase I solicitation calls for the evaluation of primary lithium battery chemistries to assess whether they meet the mission profile. Quallion will create test cells and test performance characteristics against the goals. The cells will then be formed into modules/packs for further analysis. Quallion will also extrapolate expected performance for the full-sized battery and deliver a production cost estimate for said device.

Black River Engineering, LLC
3817 Griffin Road
Clinton, NY 13323
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 271-3349
Joseph J. Stanco
NAVY 09-111      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Smart Refueling Probe Component for Controlling Stress Overload Conditions
Abstract:Black River Engineering proposes to develop a fuel probe component that detects and responds to onset of stress overload so as to absorb the loads while dampening the loads in the refueling probe. Phase I will extend current model for aerial refuel simulation, analysis) on the stress loads transferred from the tanker to the receiver, and vice versa, in an overload situation. Document the critical loadings. Develop an innovative concept that will be flexible to protect an aircraft platform against excessive stress loads to an air refueling probe assembly by dissipating those loads without detaching from the probe mast assembly.

Design By Analysis, Inc
136 Main Street Suite 401
New Britain, CT 06051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 224-9901
Mehdi Golafshani
NAVY 09-111      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:An Innovative In-Flight Refueling Probe Component that Eliminates Accidental Overload of the Mast Assemble During Air Refueling
Abstract:gggGiven the U.S. Navy’s goal to eliminate the potential loss of an F-35/Joint Strike Fighter aircraft during in-flight refueling operations it is desirable to modify today’s probe and drogue system that is based on a “weak link” design. Refueling hose-whip is a long standing problem that leads to stress overloading of refueling components, which in turn break off leading to catastrophic Foreign Object Damage (FOD) to the single fighter engine. In response to this potential danger of losing the engine, Design By Analysis, Inc. (DBA) of New Britain, Connecticut, proposes to develop a detailed understanding of the physics of hose-whip and use it, together with newly available nanotechnology, to engineer a novel, robust probe concept that can be quickly developed and introduced into the field as a finished product. DBA is a developer of innovative fuel delivery systems, with extensive experience in the design, analysis and testing of flight mechanical components. DBA calls this new probe a Reliable Energy Absorbing Probe (REAPTM) to highlight the key features it intends to incorporate into this design. Namely, the REAPTM probe will provide both flexibility and energy dissipation to dampen system response to protect against overload forces from hose whip.

Stirling Dynamics Incorporated
4030 Lake Washington Blvd NE Suite 205
Kirkland, WA 98033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 827-5222
Bob Stirling
NAVY 09-111      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:An Innovative In-Flight Refueling Probe Component that Eliminates Accidental Overload of the Mast Assemble During Air Refueling
Abstract:A flexible hose and drogue system typically employed in military aircraft refueling operations has proven reliable except when excessive shear forces on the receiving aircraft’s refueling probe are induced, which can induce a break-away design feature. New concepts are required to eliminate this break-away feature, reducing FOD and potential damage to the aircraft. This requires a new innovative probe design that can withstand high loads and will not break-away, resulting from utilization of a high strength and flexible attachment mechanism. Innovative concepts may include flexible linkages, active control devices or other attachment mechanisms that can absorb the loads on the probe relative to the drogue. Phase I will develop refueling simulation models of the flexible hose and drogue with the receiving aircraft’s refueling probe to predict the induced loads relative to specified operational parameters. The simulation models will be based on existing cable-body dynamic analysis software and a 6 DoF aircraft model in an integrated simulation. Design concepts will then be developed and examined in a number of parametric studies for typical operational scenarios to demonstrate the design feasibility. One or two of the most promising concepts will be down-selected for consideration in Phase II prototype development and testing.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8302
John Kelly
NAVY 09-112      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Thermal Management System and Radiator for Tactical Airborne Laser Applications
Abstract:Airborne high power laser systems need lightweight and compact thermal management systems, which can respond to thermal loads within 10 seconds. An innovative heat exchanger concept has been identified, which can reduce system weight and volume to below 100 lbs and 8 cubic feet, respectively, while also reducing pressure drop and cost. Under the proposed project, the innovative heat exchanger technology will be analyzed, developed and tested, to prove performance. In addition, the complete thermal management system, which incorporates this heat exchanger, will be analyzed to show that steady and transient system performance meet Navy requirements, and that costs are reduced, versus conventional approaches.

Aspen Systems, Inc.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 281-5322
Steve Casey
NAVY 09-112      Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title:Thermal Management System for Tactical Airborne High Power Laser Applications
Abstract:An efficient, compact, and lightweight thermal management system (TMS) is needed to enable integration of a 30kW solid-state high-energy laser (SSHEL) system into tactical airborne applications. Ultimately, the TMS should be less than the final design target of 100 lbs and 8 ft3 in volume. Inherent limitations to state-of-the-art technologies must be overcome to meet program goals. Aspen Systems proposes to develop one of two promising system design concepts presented in this proposal. One system (JP5 Concept) transfers heat from a water/glycol-based liquid loop which cools the laser to a jet fuel (JP-5) through a high-performance liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (HX) which is also very lightweight and compact. This high-performance HX and system is enabled by microchannel surface enhancement geometries which increase thermal transport mechanisms between the fluid and heat exchanger surface material. The other system (Radiator Concept) transfers heat from a water/glycol-based liquid loop which cools the laser to ambient air by means of a high-performance liquid-to-air heat exchanger (HX). However, due to the inherent limitations of the thermal transport properties of air, the HX and air fan/motor contributes to a system which also achieves a weight and size less than final program targets, but to a lesser degree.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joseph Homitz
NAVY 09-112      Awarded: 10/19/2009
Title:Development of a Thermal Management System for Tactical Airborne High Power Laser Applications
Abstract:Current aircraft thermal management systems are not capable of dissipating high-heat- flux thermal loads or transporting and rejecting overall thermal loads on the order of those associated with tactical lasers. Beyond overcoming limitations of existing systems, the developmental system must meet strict volume, mass, and reliability requirements associated with aircraft operation. In Phase I, Mainstream will complete both an analytical evaluation of candidate high-heat-flux cooling technologies and system architectures for an airborne tactical fiber laser system as well as an experimental evaluation of a sub- scale thermal management system. During the Phase I option, Mainstream will design the complete full-scale fiber laser thermal management system in order to accelerate the timeline to testing a working full-scale system in Phase II. This ambitious effort will be made possible by leveraging Mainstream’s extensive experience and background in advanced thermal management and heat transfer.

Michigan Aerospace Corporation
1777 Highland Drive Suite B
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8777
David Johnson
NAVY 09-113      Awarded: 8/18/2009
Title:Universal Signal Matching for RF Threat Classification
Abstract:In response to Navy SBIR Topic NAVY 09-113, “Universal Signal Matching for RF Threat Classification,” Michigan Aerospace Corporation proposes a robust method to identify emitter Electronic Intelligence Notation types from sensor data streams based on state-of- the-art techniques in estimation and detection for radar signatures developed in the arena of Signals Intelligence for Specific Emitter Identification. Our approach combines advanced time-frequency analysis to generate feature vectors for individual pulses, with cluster analysis for de-interleaving. This provides the basis for identifying the frequency agility of pulses as well as the PRI agility of the radars. These features are then compared to a library using Ensembles of Decision Trees, which provide robust classification as well as known/unknown detection. The feature vectors of newly discovered emitters are added to the library and additional examples of previously-known emitters are added to supplement description of the higher-order statistics of the clusters of these emitters in feature space. RF data streams from observational platforms often contain instances of several emitters, multi-path artifacts, and receiver coloration. It is possible to obtain concurrent streams from multiple platforms. In this situation, we employ a technique like Blind Equalization Source Recovery to recover undistorted transmitted pulses from the plurality of sensors.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Benjamin Slocumb
NAVY 09-113      Awarded: 8/18/2009
Title:Universal Signal Matching for RF Threat Classification
Abstract:The U.S. Navy uses digital wideband electronic warfare (EW) receivers for RF threat warning and cueing of countermeasures to protect Navy aircraft. The receivers accomplish these functions by processing RF waveforms from enemy radars, extracting pulse parameters, and conducting emitter identification. The receiver''s ability to accurately identify the emitter type (necessary for warning and countermeasure cueing) depends completely on its ability to form accurate parameter estimates from waveform pulse trains. In particular, the radio frequency (RF) and pulse width (PW) parameters are typically measured directly, but the pulse repetition interval (PRI) must be derived based on the output of a deinterleaving algorithm. This algorithm searches through the pulse input buffer associating pulses together using a variety of matching techniques. Missing pulses, receiver blanking, and mis-associations can cause the PRI estimate produced by the deinterleaver to be incorrect. Corruption of the PRI estimate is the primary source of the emitter identification problems. To deal with emitter identification issues, Navy EW engineers modify the emitter identification (EID) table that is used with EW receivers to accommodate known failure modes of the deinterleaving algorithm. However, doing so increases work load and leads to sub-optimal receiver performance in certain conditions. To mitigate the need for human intervention, a new approach is needed for EW receiver processing. The objective of this project is to develop a new corrupted pulse train resolution algorithm that will process the data produced by the deinterleaving algorithm and attempt to identify corruptions in the pulse train data that could lead to an incorrect identification. In taking this approach, knowledge of the scenarios that cause corrupted pulse trains to be generated by the deinterleaver can be embedded in the algorithm instead of being encoded in the EID table. Thus, the receiver will be able to maintain a universal table, and the need for adapting the EID table to specific missions will be mitigated.

Research Associates of Syracuse
6780 Northern Blvd Ste 100
East Syracuse, NY 13057
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Brian Bush
NAVY 09-113      Awarded: 8/18/2009
Title:Universal Signal Matching for RF Threat Classification
Abstract:This effort investigates and assesses the feasibility of new robust dynamic methods to classify threats from received RF signals for application across a variety of sensors and platforms using new information that can now be obtained from modern digital EW receivers. Mathematical and statistically based techniques including covariance functions, autocorrelation and kurtosis to automatically characterize additional emitter characteristics proposed will be justified. Classification includes classic parameters (RF, PW, PRI) and new automatic statistical processes for scan, PRI and RF Agile typing and characterization. New descriptors for Waveform Function (e.g. Track, Search) and Type (e.g. Pulse Doppler, FMCW) will be developed to automatically assess waveform intent for improved situation awareness, support EA, and improve ID. Intentional Modulation on Pulse (IMOP) Type and Characteristics are incorporated into emitter track / correlation using FPGA based IMOP results from a prior Phase II/III SBIR. The processes will be integrated into existing multi-hypothesis Bayesian belief network enabled tracking, classification and identification MATLAB processes (C/C++ for real-time). Established metrics of effectiveness are used to characterize performance. Proof of concept MATLAB code will be demonstrated with signals from RAS’ suite of synthetic signals, real-world modern stressing radar digitized data (unclassified), and PRI and Scan Pattern generation tools.

Advanced Coherent Technologies
4022 Liggett dr.
San Diego, CA 92106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 838-1218
Jon Schoonmaker
NAVY 09-114      Awarded: 10/7/2009
Title:Joint Multi-Mission Electro-Optic System(JMMES) for UAV Platforms
Abstract:Advanced Coherent Technologies, LLC (ACT) has demonstrated the value of simple Visible-Near Infrared (VNIR) EO multispectral system in small packages in recent US Navy sponsored Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) programs (N06-013, N05-119 and N07-019) as well as in the current Multimission Advanced Sensor System (MASS) project which is focused on deploying a VNIR multispectral sensor on the TigerShark UAV for NAVIAR 4.5.x. The sensor system being developed for Whale Search Radar (SBIR N07- 019) will consist of three VNIR mulitispectral cameras, one Sony block zoom video camera and one LWIR microbolometer. The cameras are integrated into a modified CloudCap T2 turret (7 lbs). The success of these programs provide an excellent launching point to satisfy the current SBIR topic. The ACT team plans to leverage the progress made in current VNIR MSI programs and will focus both on miniaturizing the system for deployment in UAV’s (replacing the current single board computer used for processing with a field programmable gate array based system for example) and on tailoring the system for JMMES applications. It is the objective of this project to incorporate as much of the multimission capability available in the JMMES system into the Tier II UAV payload package.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Xiaowei Xia
NAVY 09-114      Awarded: 9/7/2009
Title:Ultra Lightweight EO Sensor System with JMMES Capability
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a lightweight electro-optic sensor system to be incorporated onto Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platforms with multispectral object- recognition capability found in the Joint Multi-Mission Electro-Optics (EO) System (JMMES), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Ultra Lightweight EO Sensor (ULEOS) system. The proposed sensor is based on a wideband common fore optics with lightweight mirror scanner for sensor pointing and stabilization, multiband imaging Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) using high-speed EO spectral tuning. The ULEOS will provide multispectral imaging and target tracking, with real-time image fusion covering VIS, NIR, SWIR and MWIR spectral bands. The unique ULEOS design will enable a lightweight (

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
James Withers
NAVY 09-115      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:SiC/SiC Composites with Multiple Concepts to Reduce Foreign-Object-Damage
Abstract:Existing SiC/SiC composites have shown inferior resistance to foreign-object-damage (FOD) which limits the applications of SiC/SiC composites high potential to reduce weight and increase specific power in gas turbine engines. There are a number of concepts that individually may only minorly increase the resistance to FOD, but when combined in one composite become additive and possibly synergistic to increase FOD resistance that enables SiC/SiC composites to be utilized in areas sensitive to FOD. This program will define several individual concepts that reduce FOD to SiC/SiC composites through confirmed testing, and demonstrate combining the individual concepts to produce a SiC/SiC composite which substantially eliminates FOD as a design limitation. Composite specimens will be delivered to the Navy, further optimized in the option, and transition into Phase II for testing in a platform with an OEM.

Materials Research & Design
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-6131
Brian Sullivan
NAVY 09-115      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Development, Analysis and Testing of Concepts for Improved FOD Impact Resistance of Ceramic Matrix Composites
Abstract:MR&D is proposing to perform a combined analytical, fabrication, and experimental program to achieve the program objectives of developing innovative approaches to improving FOD resistance of CMC materials, specifically GE’s HyPerCompTM SiC/SiC CMC material. MR&D will develop finite element math models of the CMC material specimens and the high velocity metal projectiles to simulate impact testing. The models will first be verified by reproducing experimental data measured on impacted CMC specimens. Candidate methods for potential improvements to the FOD resistance to the HyPerCompTM CMC material will be analytically investigated, through mathematical simulations of impact tests. Manufacturable methods which have analytically demonstrated promise in mitigating impact damage will then be fabricated by CCP and experimentally evaluated through impact testing.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
HeeDong Lee
NAVY 09-115      Awarded: 9/23/2009
Title:Innovative Approaches to Develop Foreign-Object-Damage (FOD) Tolerant Coatings for Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)
Abstract:CMCs are currently being considered and used for aeroengine airfoil applications with a goal of increased specific power. Of a particular concern of CMCs regarding of life- limiting degradations is impact damage by small foreign objects. Fracture toughness and hardness have been the dominant material properties for determining the foreign objective damage (FOD). A material with both high hardness and high fracture toughness would be expected to have better FOD tolerance. Ceramics are promising for impact resistant coating (IRC) to alleviate the FOD due to their high hardness and high fracture strength. However, their fracture toughnesses are not sufficiently high to fully utilize such useful properties. Such problems can be solved by applying the UES composite coating technology. The composite coatings are remarkably tough, strong, hard, and readily coated, and that seems to meet the needed material properties. The goal of the Phase I program will be both demonstration of technical feasibility and development of tough, strong, and hard coating on commercial SiCf-SiC composites, in order for alleviating the FOD. Subsequently, muti-functional all-in-one coating system that can realize both FOD tolerance and oxidation resistance, will be developed during the Phase II program.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7556
Vijaya Shankar
NAVY 09-116      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Efficient Broadband Electrically Small Antenna Arrays
Abstract:HyPerComp proposes to build on the discontinuous Galerkin (DG)-based high order accurate broadband electromagnetics environment TEMPUS to provide modeling and simulation support to Navy’s interests in the design of efficient small antennas. TEMPUS is a complete industrial grade CEM environment that includes all aspects of a CEM simulation such as CAD geometry modeling/repair, unstructured gridding for full-scale targets with general materials, parallel run set up (for PC- and workstation clusters) and higher order accurate solvers for Maxwell''s equations, and postprocessing utilities for solution visualization and extraction of final results like antenna radiation patterns, and bistatic/monostatic scattering RCS, SAR images, and range profiles. The goal is to mature TEMPUS for modeling small antennas with metamatrials as well as coupling of the full wave solver with innovative non-Foster matching active circuits to candidate low-profile, conformal, wideband concepts in current vogue.

OHRN ENTERPRISES, INC
11 WEXFORD ROAD
DEWITT, NY 13214
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 445-9719
La Toya Brown
NAVY 09-116      Awarded: 8/29/2009
Title:Efficient Broadband Electrically Small Antenna Arrays
Abstract:The overall objective is to develop new technologies to optimize the design of electrically small, broadband antenna arrays for communication, electronic support, and radar systems. The critical elements to be investigated are individual broadband (multiple octave) radiator design, optimal integration into an array where strong mutual coupling is present, and intelligent impedance matching to ensure the delivery of maximum power between the radiator and transceiver, helping to improve the overall efficiency of the array. We propose a time domain analysis and design technique for arbitrary shaped conducting structures using associated Laguerre polynomials for analysis and synthesis of broadband electrically small antenna arrays.

IBC Materials & Technologies
902 Hendricks Drive
Lebanon, IN 46052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 482-9802
Solomon Berman
NAVY 09-117      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Optimized Corrosion Resistant Bearing and Gear Steel Thermal Processing
Abstract:Pyrowear® 675 is noted as a high performance bearing material used in turbine engine and other higher temperature applications. The mechanical properties and stability necessary for these applications is achieved via carburizing by design. The carbides that form to provide the hot hardness and desired mechanical properties for bearing service are at the expense of corrosion resistance. As the carbides form during carburizing, the alloying elements responsible for much of the corrosion resistance are removed from solution. When the alloying elements are tied up in carbide phases, the corrosion protection is drastically reduced. With the current thermal processing methods, the corrosion protection cannot be maintained when the hardness requirements are met. IBC Materials and Technologies will develop innovative thermal processing technologies based on solution nitriding and a vacuum carburizing with post-low temperature ion plasma nitrocarburizing. This solution will achieve an expanded S-phase austenite (S- phase) in the Pyrowear® 675, leading to superior hardness and corrosion resistance of the bearings and gears.

SANOVA LLC
23-23 Borden Ave. Ste. 232
Long Island City, NY 11101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 392-0009
Saveliy Gugel
NAVY 09-117      Awarded: 9/12/2009
Title:Optimized Corrosion Resistant Bearing and Gear Steel Thermal Processing
Abstract:New, patented highly advanced thermo-chemical processing (LINTERPROCESS™) and heat-treatment (LINHEAT™) technologies, presented in this proposal, were developed by SANOVA to address and solve metal and alloy performance issues described in this SBIR. Based on these innovative technologies, SANOVA will design treatment process which creates highly durable protective surface layers on components made from Pyrowear® 675 alloy with superior corrosion resistance and other strong mechanical properties. Pyrowear® 675 is one of the more promising relatively new materials being studied for use in bearing and gear manufacturing. But achieving adequate corrosion resistance on the surface of this alloy, while maintaining required mechanical properties and microstructure, proved to be a formidable challenge for traditional heat-treatment technologies. SANOVA’s LINTERPROCESS™ and LINHEAT™ technologies have a distinct advantage over traditional furnace-based treatment processes due to combination of specially generated and applied highly effective active media and precise control of treatment parameters, and are able to produce desired mechanical performance, microstructure and compression stresses of Pyrowear® 675 surface layer, while keeping chromium levels adequate to exhibit strong corrosion resistance. LINTERPROCESS™ and LINHEAT™ technologies are unique and offer important performance advantages and cost savings over traditional heat-treatment technologies. They produce highest-quality results in shortest treatment durations.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 255-6400
Hitesh Trivedi
NAVY 09-117      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Optimized Corrosion Resistant Bearing and Gear Steel Thermal Processing
Abstract:High performance mechanical systems such as bearing and gears in advanced gas turbine engines for the Joint Strike Fighter(JSF) are required to operate at ever increasing speeds, temperature and loads. An advanced high temperature case hardened bearing steel Pyrowear 675 has been developed for these applications. The basic mechanical properties and desired microstructure can be achieved by conventional carburizing techniques but corrosion resistance is not substantially better than conventional bearing steels like M50 and 440C. UES proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of developing an innovative technology that will allow Pyrowear 675 to be thermally processed to provide enhanced corrosion resistance while maintaining required mechanical properties and microstructure. The thermally processed Pyrowear 675 will be characterized for mechanical and physical properties. The thermal process will be optimized for processing of full scale bearings and gears in Phase II.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Myra Torres
NAVY 09-118      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Connector Inspection Test System
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, in cooperation with American Fujikura LTD/ Noyes (AFL Noyes), propose to develop a hand-held fiber optic connector inspection system that provides a “GO / NO-GO” result based on automatic determination of the terminus endface cleanliness, workmanship, and health. This teaming brings together the research expertise of Impact technology in health monitoring, and embedded data collection with the deep manufacturing knowledge and leadership in hand-held fiber optic inspection from AFL Noyes. Thus a seamless integration from research to market transition is expected. The problem of ambiguity in conventional inspection systems, lack of decision recording, complex and conflicting specification, and challenging test application, are investigated and matched with modern technologies to radically improve the inspection operator’s process and decision-making criteria. A simple, compact, and intelligent “GO/ NO-GO” system is proposed that leverages existing form factors as well as the state of the art in fiber optic probe sets, CMOS technologies, and image processing algorithms to provide the operator with firm decision-making capability as well as the flexibility needed for field and avionic application—specifically JSF. Of significance, this proposal has a high innovation and transition opportunity for commercialization, as AFL/Noyes is a dominant supplier of fiber optic test equipment to the communication industry.

MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-8300
Craig Beal
NAVY 09-118      Awarded: 9/15/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Connector Inspection Test Set
Abstract:MagiQ Technologies is developing a new approach to fiber optic terminus inspection for the Navy’s critical avionics systems. This system includes a high resolution digital probe microscope, automated image processing, and interferometric surface characterization all in a rugged handheld package. The instrument is capable of detecting contamination and surface damage as well as defects in terminus geometry such as those caused by fiber pistoning. The system will provide an accurate, reliable, and repeatable “GO /NO-GO” indication, terminus health code, and estimation of the insertion loss.

PROMET International Inc.
4611 Chatsworth St.
Shoreview, MN 55126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 481-9661
Peter Koudelka
NAVY 09-118      Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title:Fiber Optic Connector Inspection Test Set
Abstract:The endface of an optical connector must be precisely manufactured and well maintained to ensure reliable optical signal performance throughout its life. Harsh environments of military applications expose a connector to conditions that greatly increase the possibility for damage or contamination. We propose the development of a comprehensive, simple and robust testing instrument to objectively evaluate the complete health of existing pin and socket fiber optic termini at the site of installation. Phase I will explore the feasibility of integrating advanced micro-optical phase measuring functionality into a handheld imaging probe. The instrument will generate an enhanced data set of both visual and 3D information about connector endface parameters and produce a clear Go/No-Go evaluation. Connector health assessment will consider defects, contaminants as well as connector endface geometry parameters. PROMET is an excellent candidate for this project because of the extensive experience gained from the development of the FiBO line of interferometer products as well as optical instruments for various military applications. A hand-held interferometric probe would complement PROMET’s FiBO line of fiber optic testing products and could be quickly and efficiently commercialized through its existing distributor network to customers in the defense, aviation and commercial sectors.

Fibertek, Inc.
510 Herndon Parkway
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-7671
Shantanu Gupta
NAVY 09-119      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Mid-IR, Power Scalable, Multi-Spectral Fiber Lasers for IRCM
Abstract:We propose to develop a power scalable, multi-spectral, fiber laser source, capable of simultaneous laser ourput in the mid-IR (2-5um) atmospheric propagation bands of interest. The fiber laser is based on non-silica oxide fibers being developed by Fibertek and its partners, and is optimized for both low loss in the mid-IR region, as well as for high non-linearity. This all-fiber architecture with multi-spectral laser output is enabled by directly writing multiple fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) in such mid-IR fibers, via femtosecond laser micromachining. Such mid-IR fiber laser sources will enable next generation IRCM countermeasures, both in laser source functionality, as well as enable distributed, conformal architecture of interest for various tactical aircraft platforms.

IRFLex Corporation
12019 Heather Down Dr.
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(418) 655-4228
Francois Chenard
NAVY 09-119      Awarded: 10/8/2009
Title:High Average Power Superconituum in the Mid-Infrared
Abstract:Infrared countermeasure (IRCM) systems defend many aircraft and ground vehicles located in combat zones from infrared-guided attacking missiles. These systems disable the incoming threat through the use of directed infrared laser energy. To protect from various heat-seeking missile threats, Multiple-band coverage is required in the infrared region (1-5 micron). Currently available IRCM solutions are very expensive and suffer limitations and disadvantages such as excessive size and weight; long initial cool-down time (cryogenic temperatures), short operating time, limited duty cycle, complex packaging, low wall plug efficiency, poor beam quality, and limited output power. The proposed work will develop an innovative compact chalcogenide fiber-based broadband (1-5 microns) high average power (5-10 Watt) source using supercontinuum generation. The feasibility of generating supercontinuum in novel chalcogenide nonlinear fiber will be studied. Phase I activities will include theoretical modeling and design for the nonlinear fiber and supercontinuum generation. A prototype fiber will be delivered.

NP Photonics, Inc.
UA Science and Technology Park 9030 S. Rita Road, Suite #120
Tucson, AZ 85747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 799-7438
Arturo Chavez-Pirson
NAVY 09-119      Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title:Supercontinuum Laser for Multi-Spectral Energy Propagation
Abstract:NP Photonics proposes to develop a supercontinuum (SC) fiber laser with the capability to propagate a multi-spectral laser beam with 10 Watts of time-averaged power. This program focuses on all fiber optic approach with particular emphasis on covering the mid- IR portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Mid-infrared lasers are key enabling technology for various applications such as remote chemical sensing, defense communications and countermeasures, and bio-photonic diagnostics and therapeutics. Conventional mid-IR sources include optical parametric amplifiers, quantum cascade lasers, synchrotron and free electron lasers. An all-fiber approach, based on highly nonlinear tellurite fiber, to generate a high power (multi-watt), single mode beam (M2 < 2) with extremely wide (1ƒÝm-5ƒÝm) and simultaneous wavelength coverage has significant advantages in terms of reliability (no moving parts or alignment), room temperature operation, size, weight, and power efficiency; this is expected to have a major impact on many applications, particularly infrared countermeasures.

Berkeley Materials Research
230 Madison St
Oakland, CA 94607
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 759-4865
T. Tszeng
NAVY 09-120      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Innovative, Low Cost Surface Treatment Method for Hydraulic Tube Fatigue Property Improvement
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop an innovative surface treatment technique that fulfills the critical needs of enhancing fatigue resistance in hydraulic tubing by generating deep and stable compressive residual stresses at low cost. The proposed technique harnesses the basic phenomena of bubbles cavitation and collapse while avoids the difficulties that strangle current approaches. Additionally, the proposed technique may have the potential of high portability for in-field applications.

Flightware
829 Podunk Road
Guilford, CT 06437
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 458-0722
David Maass
NAVY 09-120      Awarded: 9/25/2009
Title:Inverse Autofrettage for Titanium Hydraulic Tubing
Abstract:“Inverse Autofrettage” is an adaptation of the century old autofrettage method used to generate residual compressive stresses at the inner surface of thick walled tubes like cannon barrels. It relies upon briefly exposing formed hydraulic tubing (which is thin wall, in this case) to very high hydrostatic pressure in a specific manner that results in large residual hoop compression strain. With inverse autofrettage the entire wall thickness of the tube is prestrained, not just the inner bore surface. This prestrain reduces the operating hoop tensile stress in the tube under hydraulic pressure, significantly increasing fatigue life and reducing propagation rate of surface flaws such as scratches. In Phase I the process is optimized both analytically and through process trials on ¼” tubing. Tube sections are treated to various residual strain levels, and these strains measured by X- ray diffraction. Tube specimens are then impulse pressure fatigue tested at 5,000 psi, with and without a series of carefully controlled, laser generated surface notches to generate fatigue life curves. In the Option, similar work is performed with formed (curved) tubing sections. Substantial improvements in cycle life and flaw tolerance are anticipated, and several commercialization partners have expressed interest in the process.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Auburn, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom Butler
NAVY 09-120      Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title:Cavitation Peening of Hydraulic Tubes for Fatigue Improvement
Abstract:In order to reduce weight and improve performance, many new aircraft designs are using titanium hydraulic tubing because of it’s high strength to weight ratio and high pressure rating. Higher hydraulic pressures enable the use of small and lighter actuators, allowing further reductions in weight. A modern performance rotorcraft, such as the V-22 or the new CH-53K, can have as many as 500 hydraulic tubes, so low weight tubing becomes a critical requirement. However, the titanium hydraulic tubing has proved to be sensitive to very small surface flaws in lab tests. Scratches as shallow as 0.004” have been shown to cause failure in less than 50,000 cycles in the lab – or as little as 40 flight hours! The cavitation peening technology proposed in this project would make the tubing more robust and forgiving of flaws by inducing residual compressive stresses that are deeper than the anticipated flaws. Preliminary tests have demonstrated the process can dramatically increase notched fatigue life by more than 20 times at a projected cost of less than $50 per tube. The proposed project will build on the initial testing to demonstrate feasibility to the Primes and other stakeholders.

FishEye Software, Inc.
Two Clock Tower Place Suite 400
Maynard, MA 01754
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 461-0100
Michael Ackroyd
NAVY 09-121      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Minimally Intrusive Real-time Software Instrumentation Technologies
Abstract:The R&D proposed herein will extend an existing Navy Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) reference architecture that characterizes distributed real-time software systems for Resource Management (RM) and will implement the resulting enhanced capabilities as a set of working tools based upon an existing FishEye Software (FES) Data Distribution Service (DDS) toolkit design. The resulting tools will provide minimally-intrusive instruments that can be injected and adjoined to a distributed real-time software system. Information collected and reasoned by these instruments will provide a basis for Real- Time Publish-Subscribe (RTPS) of combined application data and system events to form a cohesive runtime consolidated-view for remote listeners (data subscribers) that supports RM monitoring and management functions. Additionally, the proposed adjoining tools will enable off-line analysis of collected data and events as well as playback capabilities of “interesting” RM episodes so that Complex Event Processing (CEP) techniques can be applied in order to devise improvements on RM plans for subsequent system operations. This will be an initial step toward adaptive RM for distributed real-time systems.

Real-Time Innovations
385 Moffett Park Drive, Suite 115
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 990-7451
Gerardo Pardo-Castellote
NAVY 09-121      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Minimally Intrusive Real-time Software Instrumentation Technologies
Abstract:Real-Time Innovations (RTI) proposes to build a new architecture for non-intrusive instrumentation for distributed real-time systems. With this design, developers will directly see and record key internal application data, dynamically monitor network and process statistics, and analyze system operational performance – all in real time. We will support direct code instrumentation, run-time patching, operating-system statistical collection, and integration with post-processing tools. Our goal is to provide visibility into all important system data, in real-time, with minimal developer effort. The data will be integrated and collected with OMG Data-Distribution Service (DDS) middleware, allowing immediate application to most of the Navy’s active software development programs. This network integration will also make the toolset capable of network-wide analysis of a distributed system. As both the world’s leading vendor of DDS middleware and the developer of the most successful real-time tool suite, RTI is uniquely qualified to deliver and support this critical functionality. We will collaborate with key customers, including NSWC-DD, SPAWAR, Raytheon (DDG-1000), and Lockheed Martin MS2 (Aegis) to ensure applicability to Naval systems. We will commercialize the results, and offer it as a COTS product to our over-300 current and all future customers.

Candent Technologies Incorporated
6107 W. Airport Blvd Suite 190
Greenfield, IN 46140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 336-4477
Emanuel Papandreas
NAVY 09-122      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:New Generation Gas Turbine for Small Boat Propulsion
Abstract:The next generation of riverine craft and naval unmanned surface vehicles will require more capability, including higher payload and volume needed to carry more troops and their equipment, increased ballistic protection, more weapons, and additional mission equipment. In order to meet system integration requirements and maintain the maneuverability and agility required for survivability, these craft must be kept near the weight of current craft, while still attaining the required mission range and capability. Because the propulsion system is such a high percentage of the overall weight, it is considered to be a high payoff candidate for weight reduction initiatives. Candent Technologies is developing a new generation of small gas turbine engines which are particularly applicable to small riverine craft. This new generation of highly efficient turbine engines retains the light weight and small size characteristic of gas turbines, but their fuel consumption is close to that of a diesel engine. This low cost engine is based on the Proof of Concept prototype designed, built, and tested by Candent Technologies under contract to the US Army. The proposed engine will provide substantial weight savings and improved performance for the next generation of riverine craft.

EngineTec, Inc.
1397 Taylor Farm Road
Virginia Beach, VA 23453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 468-5102
Douglas Hahn
NAVY 09-122      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Advanced Marine Engine for Combatant Craft Increased Payload
Abstract:Today’s riverine forces employ combatant patrol/assault craft that rely on speed, acceleration, and maneuverability for survivability and multi-mission success. These capabilities are at risk because of the increasing demand to carry more extensive payloads. Current diesel fuel propulsion systems are typically modifications of truck or industrial engines with a weight to power ratio of 3-5. By reducing the propulsion weight, the craft will be able carry more extensive payloads. The three engine choices are diesel, gasoline, and turbine. Current diesel engines don’t meet the weight goal. Gasoline engines are not an option due to fleet requirements. Turbine engines have an unacceptable thermal signature. However, a novel engine, the Linear Power Transmission (LPT) engine has the greatest potential to meet the 1lb/hp goal. The original engine, by Herrmann, which received FAA certification in the 1950’s, weighed 237 lbs and produced 200 hp. This proposal seeks to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative multi-fuel marine engine, based on the LPT, we currently produce. Project goals include an engine design that is scalable or can be modularized, 100-700Hp range for direct drive systems, weight-to-power ratio less than or equal to 1.0, and able to withstand marine operational duty cycles with extended life cycle.

Katech Inc.
24324 Sorrentino Court
Clinton Twp, MI 48035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(586) 791-4120
Stephen Chue
NAVY 09-122      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Advanced Marine Engine for Combatant Craft Increased Payload
Abstract:Speed, acceleration, and maneuverability of today’s combatant patrol and assault crafts are critical capabilities to the riverine’s survivability and mission success. The demand for constant increase in payloads jeopardized these capabilities due to increase in craft weight. The current diesel fuel propulsion systems are typically large and heavy with weight-to-power ratios in the 3 to 5 range because they are mostly designed for heavy truck and land-based power generation. In addition, the reliability and life span of these propulsion systems suffer because the duty cycle of a marine combatant craft is different than that of the land-based applications. As a result, a new innovative multi-fuel power plant has been proposed to achieve a weight-to-power ratio of 1 reliably. This engine was designed based on (1) over 30 years of successful racing engines design and development experience, (2) extensive use of race-proven high specific strength materials, (3) rotary valve variable valve timing concept, (4) parasitic losses reduction through minimizing friction and pumping losses, (5) modular engine architecture for different displacement to suit a variety of applications, (6) advanced engine calibration to optimize engine performance depending on the combustion characteristics of each fuel, and (7) Optional-innovative dynamic compression ratio variation.

Spytek Aerospace Corporation
450 Frontier Way, Unit D
Bensenville, IL 60106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 595-9133
Christopher Spytek
NAVY 09-122      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Marine Inter Turbine Burner Equiped Turboshaft Engine for Combatant Craft Increased Payload
Abstract:Our twin spool Inter Turbine Burner (ITB) equipped turbine engine is throttleable between 50 Hp to 700 Hp with a weight-to-power ratio (including gearbox) approaching .50 and possesses multi-fuel capability. A demonstration of this unique turbine technology, hybrid capable, marine applications is proposed. The Phase I TRL4 demonstration will include: • Demonstration that an ITB equipped turboshaft engine weighs five times less than a conventional diesel engine with comparable power and BSFC; • Investigation into technology optimization to withstand marine duty cycles and environments while retaining life performance; • Definition regarding multi-module stacking for larger applications to achieve commonality across a family of craft sizes; • Preliminary research into noise and vibration controls; • Estimates regarding mission flexibility, repair, and expeditionary land- based applications, and • Evaluation of hybrid type operations and distributed power applications. The option program defines an ITB equipped turboshaft engine optimized for implementation into advanced hull forms published in the Navy Expeditionary Combat Command Science and Technology Strategic Plan. Phase II TRL6-7 demonstration includes a marine configured ITB engine operational between 50 Hp to 1000 Hp, weight-to-power ratio (including gearbox) below .50 and BSFC less than .50. Installation into a pre-selected combatant craft will be investigated.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Douglas Bennett
NAVY 09-123      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Autonomous Shipboard Cleaning System
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop the RAY-500 System™: a cost effective, state-of-the-art, Autonomous Shipboard Cleaning System (ASCS) for use onboard current and future US Navy ships. The RAY-500 System™ will be a combination of modified commercial-off-the-shelf (modified COTS) robotic systems and newly developed components to meet the specific needs of a maritime operating environment. The System will dramatically increase the efficiency of current cleaning by releasing crew members’ time for other tasks that is currently being used for cleaning on a daily basis.

Man Made Machines
6127 Butano Ct.
San Jose, CA 95123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 660-0735
Arasch Lagies
NAVY 09-123      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Autonomous Shipboard Cleaning System
Abstract:Man Made Machines, LLC has developed a prototype (proof-of-concept) for a floor mopping robot, which has the capability to map its working area for an optimum on efficiency in energy & time consumption vice cleaning effectiveness. The specialty of this approach is an intelligent software, which enables work-area mapping at a BOM cost of about $100. This is about 10x lower then comparable devices. The robot is controlled in the current version by three MCUs; MCU1 is the main MCU (ARM-Cortex M3, 32 bit) which coordinates the movements of the robot and does the area mapping; MCU2 checks the sensors and gives feedback to MCU1; MCU3 activates/deactivates the motors and compares with the motor feedback. The Phase 1 proposal is based on the existing proof- of-concept and introduces an extension/addition, which enables the robot to clean also walls, overheads, counters and incline ladders.

ProtoInnovations, LLC
1908 Shaw Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15217
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 389-8171
Steven Huber
NAVY 09-123      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Multipurpose Automated Steward (MAS): A Versatile System for Autonomous Shipboard Cleaning
Abstract:ProtoInnovations proposes to develop a versatile autonomous shipboard cleaning robot that we call the Multipurpose Automated Steward (MAS). Shipboard cleaning presents a complex environment with requirements to clean floors, walls, counters, and overheads in confined and fully three-dimensional spaces that lack predictable geometry. Current state-of-the-art systems for industrial application in large, open, and primarily two- dimensional spaces are ill-suited for the Navy’s needs. Small iterations and scaling of current systems are unlikely to provide appropriate solutions; instead, we will design: an agile and scalable mobility system able to work both in confined and open spaces, a versatile and conformable set of cleaning tools for various jobs, algorithms for autonomously avoiding obstacles and sensitive electronics while efficiently cleaning all shipboard surfaces, and an open architecture for communications and control. The MAS design will be formulated through identification of requirements, cost/benefit analyses, and technical trades. The level of detail attained will be sufficient to demonstrate, through simulation, that all requirements have been met and the perceived cost and benefit of the MAS relative to current manual cleaning to determine feasibility.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 348-0295
Thomas Nielsen
NAVY 09-124      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Detection/Localization of Mine Detonation Resulting From Unmanned Influence Sweep Operations
Abstract:The US Navy is developing remotely operated (unmanned) mine sweeping systems, and accurate information on the occurrence and location of mine explosions is required to provide critical real-time assessment of mission effectiveness. However, the means to determine the range and the bearing of a mine detonation from a surface craft does not currently exist. It is well known that detonations of conventional explosives, both in water and in air, produce broad-band, transient electromagnetic signals. And recently, QUASAR Federal Systems (QFS) has developed and field tested a revolutionary new electromagnetic direction finding technology which is termed Poynting vector direction finding (PvDF). PvDF technology has been demonstrated and tested on platforms in the air, on the ground and over water. The technology has been tested on broad-band transient signals from lightning (very similar to a detonation), short-duration burst signals, and continuous wave (CW) signals. These tests have shown that PvDF technology is fully capable of quickly and accurately providing the location of a mine detonation. As a result, we propose to optimize current PvDF technology to detect mine detonations and provide accurate information on the locations of the detonations. The development and optimization path we envision is described in this proposal.

Trident Research LLC
2100 Kramer Lane Suite 250
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 215-4552
Jeffrey Cook
NAVY 09-124      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Disposable Real-time Underwater Mine Explosion Locator (DRUMEL)
Abstract:Trident Research proposes to develop an innovative Disposable Real-time Underwater Mine Explosion Locator (DRUMEL) capable of accurately detecting and localizing the detonation of an underwater mine that has been swept by the acoustic and magnetic influence of the Unmanned Surface Sweep System (US3). The capabilities of a system to meet these requirements are an achievable extension of in-water scoring systems developed and fielded by Trident Research. In Phase I, we will examine the technology currently available to meet the requirements provided in the solicitation, and identify appropriate trade space for the design.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2408
Cullen Jackson
NAVY 09-125      Awarded: 11/19/2009
Title:FAST-ACTS: Flexible Autonomous Support To Aid Context and Task Switching
Abstract:PEO IWS is currently developing the Undersea Warfare Decision Support System (USW- DSS). The USW-DSS will enhance the Combat Information Center (CIC) by providing a "Common Tactical Picture" to operators for shared situation awareness. To help define and improve the USW-DSS concept, solutions are needed that can improve CIC operators'' abilities to switch contexts and multi-task more efficiently. Aptima proposes to help fill this gap by developing Flexible Autonomous Support To Aid Context and Tasking Switching (FAST-ACTS). The FAST-ACTS effort will develop a software application that can provide the following aspects: (1) a model that monitors the operator''s actions based on primitive system inputs, such as button presses or mouse clicks, and determines with high probability what tasks or objectives the operator is performing; (2) a platform based on Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) techniques that enhances the operator’s transition between tasks by visualizing task relationships within both global and local contexts; and (3) a module that tracks and visualizes the operator’s task history to help resume previous tasks more easily. Aptima’s in-house testbed, the DDD (Dynamic Distributed Decision- making), will be used to validate the feasibility and utility of FAST-ACTS without the need for a high-fidelity testing environment.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Sherman Tyler
NAVY 09-125      Awarded: 11/19/2009
Title:Context-Aware Visualization for Tactical Multi-Tasking
Abstract:In the future, Navy personnel will be expected to perform a variety of different tasks and missions in a highly linked, collaborative environment subject to frequent alerts and interruptions. This situation will be operable for all newer class surface ships, which have an expanded range of missions within the context of an open system architecture. One major challenge is insuring that the human-technology interfaces for these systems eliminate as much as possible the heavy performance cost of context switching which occurs when personnel attend to different missions or tasks or respond to alerts and warnings. Infoscitex proposes to build the Support Environment for Automatic Context- switching User Experience, or SEACUE, a tool to help automate the selection and display of task-relevant context for human-system interfaces. The key to the approach is a deep understanding of both the nature of context in user interface design for Navy applications and of the domain in which the user interfaces must operate. This tool will produce highly effective interfaces that minimize the disruptive effects of context switching across Navy applications.

Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Mattew Hooker
NAVY 09-126      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Lightweight, High Power Density HTS Cables
Abstract:Next-generation cruisers being developed under the U.S. Navy’s CG(X) program will have significantly higher power demands than the current Ticonderoga-class vessels. Therefore, this proposed program will address the need for low-cost, high-power-density cables based on HTS technology. It is anticipated that the results of this work will provide the Navy with a cost-effective means of efficiently distributing power to shipboard systems, while also reducing the weight as compared to currently-used copper conductors.

Metal Matrix Cast Composites, LLC (dba MMCC, LLC)
101 Clematis Avenue, Unit #1
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 893-4449
James Cornie
NAVY 09-126      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Enhanced Electrical and Thermal Conductivity of Wires Drawn from Cast Cu/Nanophase Composites
Abstract:Multi walled carbon nanotubes MWNTs will be coated to enable wetting by molten OFHC copper. Coated MWNTs will be made into a preform and pressure infiltration cast with molten Cu to form a Cu/MWNT master composite. Master composites will be added to molten Cu and shear dispersed/diluted to form a melt that can subsequently be rheocast into Cu/MWNT ingots. The ingots will then be conventionally processed into wire for cable for shipboard electrical systems. The electrical conductivity of Cu wire can be increased by a factor of two to six depending upon the alignment of MWNTs, the proportion of MWNTs that have electronic (armchair) structure and the volume fraction of MWNTs incorporated into the wire. Electrical and thermal conductivity, OM/SEM/TEM microstructure will be characterized and mechanical properties will be measured on shear dispersed/diluted composites in Phase I. Phase II will be focused on integrating the shear dilution process with a rheocasting processes that can later be converted into a continuous casting process and for producing prototype lots of material. Phase II will also focus on identifying cost effective high performance MWNT sources.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard Claus
NAVY 09-126      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Lightweight High Power Metal Rubber™ Electrical Cables for CG(X) IPS
Abstract:This program would demonstrate the feasibility of replacing heavy high power electrical distribution cables with lightweight Metal RubberTM cables. Lightweight power dense cables are important as feeds from primary power transmission lines below deck to high power weapon and radar systems above deck. Metal Rubber™ is a low modulus self- assembled nanocomposite with electrical conductivity on the order of that of bulk copper (107 S/m). Its mass density (1 g/cm3) is much less than that of copper (8.96 g/c m3), meaning Metal Rubber™ cables may offer significant weight savings over conventional copper cables or superconductor-based cable installations which require refrigeration and insulation. Due to its mechanical flexibility, installing Metal Rubber™ cables after ship sections are interconnected would be easier than installing heavy, rigid copper cables or superconductor transmission line assemblies. During Phase I, NanoSonic would work with input from a major ship system manufacturer, and design, fabricate and analyze the properties of representative Metal Rubber™ cables. These hardware test articles will allow direct calculation of maximum current density and temperature, and total possible weight reduction. Technical specifications and weight considerations would be used to downselect optimal development paths during a possible Phase II program in cooperation with that ship system manufacturer.

Hi-Test Laboratories, Inc
P.O. Box 87 1104 Arvon Rd.
Arvonia, VA 23004
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 581-3204
Steve McCampbell
NAVY 09-127      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Vibration and Shock Test Machines for Large Ship Systems Components
Abstract:This work applies to US Navy requirements for shock and vibration testing of shipboard machinery, equipment, and systems. The work described in this proposal will produce the design for a combined shock and vibration testing machine capable of payloads up to 100,000 pounds. A combined shock and vibration testing machine can reduce the cost of testing by eliminating duplication of labor and equipment. No combined shock and vibration testing machines currently exist for payloads of this size. The proposed combined testing machine will extend established hammer technology to larger payloads with increased excursions and more realistic shock inputs. The vibration testing capability of the machine similarly extends mechanical reaction shaker technology to larger payloads and a larger platform than are currently available.

Lansmont Corporation
17 Mandeville Court
Monterey, CA 93940
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(831) 655-6642
Kevin Gilman
NAVY 09-127      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Vibration and Shock Test Machines for Large Ship Systems Components
Abstract:This proposal describes an innovative approach to demonstrate a single test system to combine shock and vibration testing of large, complex component geometries weighing up to 100,000 lbs. This device will reliably and accurately supply shock inputs in accordance with MIL-STD 901D and sinusoidal vibration per MIL-STD 167. Our approach will employ our experience and expertise of using pneumatic shock generators with hydraulic vibration simulators, control hardware and structures to meet the challenges of this design. We must optimize the test structure to maintain load continuity over the appropriate frequency ranges for the necessary periods of time. Due to a large variety of test subjects with equally wide ranges of center of gravity and natural frequencies, the test platform will require the ability to counteract a broad range of systems and inputs. A control system which provides a simple means to configure test inputs in terms of acceleration, velocity and displacement will need to be developed. The successful outcome of this research will lead to a phase II prototype development designed to validate our approach and prepare for phase III commercialization.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner''s Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 902-2223
Eric Domeshek
NAVY 09-128      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Layered Authoring of Ship Crew Agents for Recoverability Simulation (LASCARS)
Abstract:Naval ships are among the most complex and costly engineered structures in existence. Operating in harsh and hostile environments, some ships will inevitably suffer damage. Recoverability is a critical ship design criterion, directly linked to robustness of mission capability and life safety. Modern simulation-based approaches to acquisition and design depend on adequate simulation of systems’ performance under varying environment, mission, and state conditions. Crew behavior simulations are currently lacking, and are required for recoverability simulations that adequately reflect the realities of firefighting and damage control efforts. We propose to develop a system supporting Layered Authoring of Ship Crew Agents for Recoverability Simulation (LASCARS). LASCARS will exploit unique strengths of Stottler Henke and its partner Alion to support better ship design. Innovations will include (1) incorporating human performance simulations into recoverability assessments, (2) structuring the human models into representational and behavioral layers, enabling controlled growth in model complexity and resource demands, (3) providing authoring tools to ease creation, selection, integration and debugging of agent modeling layers, (4) designing for integration with existing physical ship survivability simulation tools and approaches. During Phase I we will gather requirements, produce a proof-of-concept prototype, and develop a detailed Phase II design and work plan.

Test & Evaluation Solutions, LLC
400 Holiday Court Suite 204
Warrenton, VA 20186
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 966-5319
Derek Skahen
NAVY 09-128      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Expert System Simulation Capability for Recoverability Modeling
Abstract:Recent events such as the fire on the USS GEORGE WASHINGTON have shown that communications and decision making can have a dominant impact on scenario outcomes involving shipboard fires. The processes by which information is learned, disseminated, assembled, and processed have a direct effect on where, when, and what kind of response is mounted by the crew. Current recoverability simulations, such as the Integrated Recoverability Model (IRM) are able to realistically emulate the interaction and dependencies of ship’s systems, initial systems configuration(s), structural and equipment damage from weapon effects, fire, flooding, and stability. The IRM is also able to simulate crew actions over time, but provides overly optimistic predictions of crew actions. Test & Evaluation Solutions, LLC, in partnership with Soar Technology, Inc., and Hughes Associates, Inc. proposes to address the crew behavior limitations of the IRM by developing a crew behavior module that works with the IRM Simulator and existing fire and flooding modules. The Soar software architecture provides a powerful platform to address the most complex aspects of human behavior and paired with the IRM can enable an innovative solution to simulating damage scenarios, including a more realistic crew response.

Lansmont Corporation
17 Mandeville Court
Monterey, CA 93940
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 515-4147
Ricky Speck
NAVY 09-129      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Shipboard Shock & Vibration Environmental Monitoring and Recording
Abstract:This proposal describes an approach to develop a small, rugged, stand-alone system to measure acceleration, velocity and displacement time histories of casualty events onboard ship. This device will reliably and accurately supply prognostic monitoring of mission critical assets from measured real-world casualty events. Additional benefits would incorporate recorded data for future ship design tools and models. Presenting this capability represents a cost savings by verifying the need for related testing while correlating real-time data to determine test levels. Further, knowing levels reached in a particular location allows maintenance of related assets on known fragility levels as opposed to arbitrary schedules. Our approach will apply our experience and expertise of accurate shock and vibration environmental measurement via autonomous ruggedized field data recorders. We must optimize the configuration with state-of-the-art technology to guarantee accurate measurements per naval standards while minimizing maintenance and cost. This requires demonstrating the feasibility of different power saving approaches and their effects on data integrity. Additionally, a mechanical design to minimize interference and maintain a small self-contained form factor will be proven. The successful outcome of this research will lead to a phase II prototype development designed to validate our approach and prepare for phase III commercialization.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Wade Calcutt
NAVY 09-129      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Shipboard Shock & Vibration Environmental Monitoring and Recording
Abstract:During naval operations, shipboard equipment is normally exposed to varying levels of shock and vibration. However, due to combat, accident, or severe sea states the levels of acceleration experienced by onboard systems may occasionally fall outside the range expected to occur during standard operation. When such an episode occurs of greatest concern is whether mission essential or mission critical equipment will continue to operate or if it was damaged beyond safe use. A technology that allowed such vital equipment to be constantly monitored, verified, and validated for continued operation after an instance of severe vibration or shock would be indispensable. To provide this capability McQ Inc. proposes to develop an electronic shock and vibration supervisor that will continually monitor and record acceleration experienced by important shipboard systems. The feedback provided by this system will empower decision makers to select the best course of action following a severe acceleration event.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 846-0111
Ron Murdock
NAVY 09-129      Awarded: 11/30/2009
Title:Shipboard Shock & Vibration Environmental Monitoring and Recording
Abstract:There is currently no integrated and systemic means of monitoring and recording the forces which lead to fatigue and eventual catastrophic failure of shipboard equipment. Such instrumentation has traditionally been reserved for highly controlled, instrumented sea tests such as shock trials. The surface fleet has an urgent need to develop and integrate an onboard shock and vibration monitoring system. Constellations of strategically placed sensors can measure the magnitude and record all such events which occur from normal underway operations and casualty scenarios such as the effect of hull slamming in high seas. This system will monitor, record, and aggregate acceleration, velocity, and displacement vector time series data across the platform. This data can be used to support predictive fatigue models for preventive maintenance as well as drive changes in new ship designs. Utilizing remotely attached sensors allows the selection of different sensor types for the specific application mated to common, programmable processing modules. Sensor placement on the device or structure of interest is particularly critical for accurate monitoring. The processing modules would contain configurable signal conditioning stages for several sensor channels, employ ultra low power processing with a multilevel power management scheme, wireless communications, and removable flash media.

Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Dougals Campbell
NAVY 09-130      Awarded: 12/1/2009
Title:Engineered Polymer Materials for Shock Mitigation
Abstract:The U.S. Navy has significant interest in the development of advanced material enabling shock mitigation in LCS-module connections systems. Composite Technology Development (CTD) proposes a multidisciplinary approach to develop and qualify novel, polymer materials for incorporation into commercial-grade twist-lock connections systems. These materials will be based on new and existing chemistries which have demonstrated significant promise in achieving the program’s goals. CTD will work with key industry partners to demonstrate the material’s applicability to twist-lock connection systems by adopting an iterative design approach to be performed in tandem with the material development and evaluation efforts. This approach will produce a connection system design incorporating the developed technology, which demonstrates significant performance improvements over existing state-of-the-art connection systems.

Mat-IQ, L.L.C.
55 Pleasant Street
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 953-2712
Pavel Bystricky
NAVY 09-130      Awarded: 12/1/2009
Title:Innovative Shock Isolation Technology
Abstract:The Navy is developing a variety of mission modules with weights up to 20 metric tons for use onboard its next generation of high speed, focused-mission combat ships. The current design of these modules, which comprise ISO-standard support containers and off-board vehicles, must include provisions for shock mitigation to protect the sensitive internal cargo. By providing shock mitigation within the modules/seaframe connectors, constraints on both the modules and seaframe could be relaxed and significant weight savings would be achieved. Mat-IQ will use its expertise in advanced materials and prior experience in innovative shock and vibration mitigation to develop state-of-the-art isolation technology. Rigid connectors will be replaced with smart materials-based isolators capable of mitigating Grade B shock loading according to Navy MIL-S-901D, thereby allowing the Navy to reach its weight saving goals. The support and longstanding military and industrial markets experience of Barry Controls will ensure that Mat-IQ’s design will remain compatible with Navy requirements and current standard grade twist-lock connectors, and will facilitate the introduction of the newly developed technology into commercial markets. A proof-of-concept isolator prototype will be built and tested in Phase I.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Michael Dingus
NAVY 09-130      Awarded: 12/1/2009
Title:Advanced Shock Mitigating Materials
Abstract:Sensitive equipment critical to successful LCS missions have been damaged due to excessive shock loading. The shock is transferred to the mission systems through rigid twist-lock connectors which secure mission module ISO containers to the LCS hull. TRI/Austin proposes to investigate state of the art shock mitigating materials and structures to resolve this issue. A preliminary design of a composite enhanced twist-lock connector has been developed for this application which does not require increasing the distance between the ISO container and the LCS deck. The proposed design will provide resiliency at the critical mounting locations as well as create the potential for increased payload capacity due to support and container structure weight reductions. Phase I analysis and testing will confirm the viability of the selected materials and designs for full scale prototyping in Phase II. Other concepts, including commercially available shock isolators, will be explored to ensure the best solution is reached based upon design requirement satisfaction, cost, and potential for implementation.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem Sabet
NAVY 09-131      Awarded: 12/2/2009
Title:Modeling Electromagnetic Propagation Through Novel Materials and Configurations
Abstract:In this SBIR project, we propose to expand the brick tracing algorithm originally developed at the University of Michigan for indoor wave propagation modeling to a fully 3-D “Block Tracing” algorithm, in which a large structure is decomposed into a number of elementary blocks, either periodic or aperiodic. There will not be any constraining assumptions on the type or geometry of the blocks or on the wave incidence angles. The blocks can be made of complex materials with anisotropic electric and magnetic properties or with periodic insertions such as in metamaterials. Since each block is independent, one will be able to handle arbitrary numbers of conjoined dissimilar materials. The full-wave solutions of the individual blocks are calculated using regular or periodic FDTD or MoM solvers. The interactions among all the various and possibly dissimilar blocks are calculated using an iterative algorithm that captured all the edge and corner effects. All the algorithms will be fully integrated within EM.CUBE’s modeling environment, which is equipped with a powerful 3-D CAD modeler capable of handling a large variety of CAD formats such as STEP, IGES, STL, OpenFlight, etc.

Wave Computation Technologies, Inc.
1800 Martin Luther King Jr. Parkway Suite 204
Durham, NC 27707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 419-1500
Tian Xiao
NAVY 09-131      Awarded: 12/2/2009
Title:Discontinuous Galerkin Modeling of Electromagnetic Propagation Through Novel Materials and Configurations
Abstract:Wave Computation Technologies, Inc. (WCT) proposes to develop a new time-domain discontinuous Galerkin software tool for modeling electromagnetic wave propagation through complex material and configurations. This solver combines the discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method with the finite-element time-domain (FETD) method to allow discontinuous discretization of complex geometry and materials. The solver will be implemented for arbitrary anistropoic and dispersive meda, so that novel materials including metamaterials can be included in the design simulation. The DG-FETD solver is highly efficient for complicated problems because it allows independent meshing and resolution for different regions. The WCT team has extensive experience with the relevant computational electromagnetics algorithms, and is in an excellent position to develop such a computational electromagnetics software tool. The proposed time-domain solver will further extend the application domain of the conventional finite element method to include large array of frequency selective surfaces and other complex electromagnetic environments.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Jeremy Steinshnider
NAVY 09-132      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:Advanced Hybrid Energy System for Wet and Dry Submersibles
Abstract:The demand for greater and safer energy storage for the wet and dry submersibles has pushed the limits of current battery technology. This energy demand is in response to the need for extended underwater mission operations and advances in electronic equipment needed for greater combat effectiveness. By replacing the existing battery with a fuel cell hybrid system, extended operation periods are possible while reducing the safety risk. In a hybrid system the battery is used to handle start up and peak power demands while the fuel cell is used to provide the nominal power and charge the battery. This configuration allows for both components to be sized specifically for the power needed. To efficiently distribute the power, a proprietary power management system architecture is utilized that is able to adjust to the power demands and maintain a high system efficiency. The control logic which includes the power management system also monitors the system health to ensure safe operation. The development of a fuel cell hybrid system for these submersibles will extend mission times and increase safety.

Yardney Technical Products, Inc.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Frank Puglia
NAVY 09-132      Awarded: 12/3/2009
Title:Advanced Power/Energy System for Wet and Dry Submersibles
Abstract:Yardney Technical Products proposes to evaluate several hybrid energy storage solutions for the SWCS and other manned submersibles. The first part of the Phase 1 effort will evaluate using Li-ion as the main energy storage with removable and replaceable higher energy density systems (e.g. primary cells) operating in parallel. To ensure the best options are considered, the proposed effort will advance the state of the art in submersible energy storage in two ways. First, the proposed effort will be the first to combine the state of the art in high energy silicon anodes with safer, phosphate based cathodes. Normally, iron phosphate cathodes are used in low energy, high power systems; the opposite of what is needed for SWCS. From these results and from existing YTP technology the capabilities of a Li-ion system will be reported both as a stand alone system and as part of a hybrid system. The second part of the Phase 1 effort will utilize experience from Submergence Group’s S201 submersible, presently using a fuel cell, to evaluate design options in which a fuel cell is the primary energy storage device and a battery provides secondary power.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Ryan Miyamoto
NAVY 09-133      Awarded: 12/7/2009
Title:EW Countermeasures Against Passive MMW Sensors
Abstract:Described herein is a proposal for the development of a novel countermeasure technique against the passive millimeter wave (MMW) sensor. The passive MMW sensor has become an essential device in modern warfare, enabling detection or imaging of a remotely located object or scenery without illuminating a target. Moreover, the passive MMW sensor provides superior sensitivity even in low-visibility conditions. While this sensor is a powerful tool for US military, it becomes a major threat when used by enemies. Oceanit proposes to develop an effective countermeasure technique against the passive MMW sensor.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Christopher Schuetz
NAVY 09-133      Awarded: 12/7/2009
Title:EW Countermeasures Against Passive MMW Sensors
Abstract:We propose to use the open source rendering program Blender in combination with MATLAB to create a millimeter wave scene simulation program that will be specifically aimed at simulating ships in a nautical environment. We already possess relevant data from experiments performed at both Dahlgren and the Yuma Proving Grounds which has allowed us to identify the critical parameters necessary to create an accurate simulation program. In addition to past data, we also have access to passive millimeter-wave imagers that we can use to supplement our data and to validate any simulation program that we develop.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem Sabet
NAVY 09-134      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Modeling Electromagnetic Performance of Large, High Power Phased Arrays
Abstract:In this SBIR project, we propose to extend the method of numerically constructed characteristic basis functions (NCCBF) that was developed under a pervious NAVSEA- funded SBIR for the modeling of coupling effects in large phased arrays. This efficient matrix compression technique will be extended to the fully 3-D case involving both periodic and aperiodic substructures. This extension will allow for the modeling of coupling between arrays of non-commensurate periodicities and their surrounding objects. By extending to mixed periodic-aperiodic substructures, we will be able to use the NCCBF technique to efficiently model antenna-platform interactions as well. All the resulting algorithms will be fully integrated within the EM.CUBE framework, which is capable of handling STEP, IGES, OpenFlight and many other CAD formats.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4635
Yu-Jiun Ren
NAVY 09-134      Awarded: 12/8/2009
Title:Time-Domain Array-Scanning-Method for Efficient Modeling of Large and High Power Phased Array
Abstract:Modeling of infinite/large arrays of antennas is a challenging task because the combination of these antennas’ size, frequencies, and power of operation requires the use of modeling approximations beyond that available with current tools and methods, especially to understand the element-to-element coupling. Since each unit element can be complex structures on multilayer substrates, the methods also need to handle these scenarios. A full-wave time-domain simulation platform is proposed for efficient numerical electromagnetic models of large phased arrays. The algorithm is based on a full-wave array-scanning-method (ASM) periodic finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method for efficient modeling of complex and large structures. Using the ASM technique, the modeling of infinite/large phased array can be performed via a single unit element modeling. The FDTD nature of the algorithms allows users to model complex structures (such as horn, slotted waveguide, and patch elements) and potential non-linear effects without algorithm modification or with minimum algorithm modification. Only a single PC is required to model arbitrary complex unit element and potential nonlinear effects due to higher power source at a wide frequency band.

Aspen Systems, Inc.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 281-5322
Doug Morse
NAVY 09-135      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Periscope Antenna Active Cooling
Abstract:Aspen Systems Inc. proposes to develop a proprietary refrigeration based cooling system for submarine antenna mast electronics cooling. This system will be highly adaptable and have the capability to maintain lower than ambient temperatures at the electronics cold plate. A thermal prototype will be designed, fabricated and tested during the Phase I effort to assure feasibility of the system requirements to meet stringent submarine thermal requirements. A specialized highly refined and optimized evaporator will be utilized, along with a sophisticated microchannel-based condenser to maximize thermal performance while meeting efficiency, weight and volume requirements. The System will maintain the electronics cold plate temperature at 20 degrees C while dissipating heat to ambient temperature at 50 Degrees C. The miniature system is anticipated to be readily adaptable, due to its modular design, to multiple submarine platforms, where it can be utilized to enhance cooling and extend life of modern high power antenna and electronics circuits mounted in the submarine mast.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6041
Mo Rajaee
NAVY 09-135      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Periscope Antenna Active Cooling
Abstract:The increased complexity of periscope antennas requires the need for advanced cooling methods capable of reaching 20°C and extracting 150-200 watts of thermal load, while fitting in the tight confines of a periscope base. Current convective and conductive cooling approaches have proved inadequate at dissipating the thermal load generated by the antennas, a problem further complicated by the fact that the antenna radome is a poor thermal conductor. This may lead to the premature failure of heat sensitive components. The typical external radome ambient temperature, to which heat from the periscope base is being rejected, is 50°C. TIAX LLC is proposing the development of a miniature-scale Stirling cycle active cooling system that could well fit in the available confined periscope antenna base space and can provide the required cooling load at the desired temperature. The Stirling cooling cycle is a closed thermodynamic cycle in reverse of a Stirling engine cycle for power generation. Stirling cycle coolers have been used for decades to provide cooling temperatures down to the cryogenic temperature range for various applications.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5885 Trinity Parkway Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Joe Elder
NAVY 09-136      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Training Cognitive Situational Awareness for Multi-Platform Command and Control
Abstract:This proposal recognizes the complexity of the concept of Situational Awareness (SA) in the context of information-based warfare paradigms. The principal objective of the Phase I effort is to establish the reliability of an innovated “Boolean” approach to establishing SA scoring. Our approach breaks-down complex problems into identifiable measurable elements. Plausible tactical scenarios are established. Detailed SA elements are defined to measures if salient features in a complex problem space are perceived. The Phase I effort establishes a Web-based SA metric assessment tool (SAMAT) to host SA measurement curriculum. SAMAT supports controls that support start; pause; and step- through actions at desired SA measurement points. Experimentation is performed where SAMAT exercises synchronized scenarios across multiple USWDSS nodes using a scaled version of the USWDSS Build 2 Classroom Trainer Tactical Training Environment. The Phase I effort employs commercially available software to create record text, audio, and video recording of the SA measurement assessment experimentation. Upon completion of the experiment, analysis is performed to determine the viability of Boolean, objective, SA assessment. Debriefs from trainee responses and analysis of recorded data are used to establish the reliability of SA metric assessment and drive requirements for the Phase II SA metric tool prototype.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Michael Hertz
NAVY 09-136      Awarded: 12/9/2009
Title:Training Cognitive Situational Awareness for Multi-Platform Command and Control
Abstract:Progeny Systems proposes to use a Family of Systems (FoS) to support decision maker situational awareness. The FoS will include hardware that monitors relevant brain activating in real time using non-invasive techniques. The hardware will provide quantitative data on the user’s mental state and help provide the rest of the group members information on each other member’s current mental state. The hardware will be couple with software that will provide the user with feedback and in future interactions will optimize the complexity of the information being viewed by the user so that each user is monitoring the maximum number of variables given their cognitive capabilities and mental state. Lastly, the hardware and software will be coupled with training. Progeny Systems fields the Afloat Integrated Learning Environment (AILE) and will incorporate new measures and training material so that forward deployed, at sea, and shore-based sailors will be able to increase their performance in complex, multi-variable group decision formats.

Aither Engineering, Inc.
4865 Walden Lane
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 296-1303
Chris Baldwin
NAVY 09-137      Awarded: 12/14/2009
Title:Optical Array Shape Estimation (ASE)
Abstract:Current methods used to determine the shape of towed sonar arrays are limited to basic models that use data from heading and depth sensors. These sensors are prone to measurement noise especially during maneuvers. The research team recognizes that neither a fiber optic measurement system nor a physics based model can achieve the desired accuracy for array shape independently. Through the combination of Aither’s fiber optic shape measurement system and Makai’s physics based modeling of towed systems, the research team proposes the development of the Fully Integrated Fiber Optic - Towed Array Shape Estimation System (FIFO-TASE). The system takes the innovative approach of incorporating both the fiber optic shape measurement data with input from the physics based model to realize the shape and orientation of the tow cable and towed array system. In this manner, the fiber optic sensor data is used more effectively, where the physics based modeling allows for filtering of inaccurate data and improved results when in “noisy” tow states. The FIFO-TASE system builds on the decade of work conducted by Aither personnel in the field of tow cable and array shape sensing providing an innovative means of enhancing and improving the resultant shape estimation.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1664
Alan Heaney
NAVY 09-137      Awarded: 3/10/2010
Title:Array Shape Estimation using Fiber Optics Shape Sensing
Abstract:Towed acoustic arrays are used by the US Navy to detect submarines. Knowing the shape of the array is critical for achieving optimal system performance. There is a need for Array Shape Estimators (AES) with greater accuracy, ease of use, and reduced cost. The research proposed here is targeted toward fulfilling these needs. We plan to work toward a fiber optic sensor that will measure the shape of a towed array with minimal input from telemetry sensors. During this phase I effort, we anticipate demonstrating proof of concept for some key issues including: -Demonstrating the possibility of shape sensing through 1km of fiber -Estimating the achievable system performance -Measuring the affect that power loss at optical connectors has on system performance

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
12587 Fair Lakes Circle #342
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 268-6192
Mark Sullivan
NAVY 09-138      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:EW Parametrics for Improved Emitter Classification/Identification
Abstract:In this Phase I effort, Azure Summit Technology, Inc., will develop new algorithms and signal processing techniques that improve upon existing capabilities for emitter classification and identification, particularly under adverse environmental and propagation conditions such as multipath. We will validate these new techniques using modeling and simulations that quantify improved feature extraction and comparison capabilities in the presence of multipath, as compared to a baseline algorithm. We will demonstrate that these new capabilities can be developed further in Phase II, with a clear path to a transition program such as SEWIP Block 2.

Capraro Technologies, Inc.
2118 Beechgrove Place
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 733-0854
Gerard Capraro
NAVY 09-138      Awarded: 12/15/2009
Title:Blind MIMO System Identification for Improved Emitter Classification/Identification
Abstract:Classification and identification of radio frequency (RF) emissions onboard US Navy ships is an important ingredient in keeping our sailors and marines safe around the world. Techniques to increase the number of emitter parameters measured by shipboard electronic support measure (ESM) systems are being introduced into the fleet. However, this approach brings new issues such as measurement distortions due to propagation and environmental effects. The main objective of the proposal is to estimate the distortions from environmental and propagation phenomena and to reduce or eliminate their affect. Since the quantitative description of distortion phenomena is usually unknown in advance and emitter signals are inaccessible to the signal analyst, this problem is best addressed by utilizing recent advances in the signal processing area of blind system identification. Our approach is based on algorithms for blind estimation and equalization of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. In this effort we will develop signal processing techniques that aim to improve the measurement and estimation of higher order emitter parameters by employing MIMO system estimation, equalization and advanced higher- order parameter extraction. The proposed signal processing techniques will be studied and tested under different scenarios and for a wide range of system parameters and assumptions.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Jonathan DeCastro
NAVY 09-139      Awarded: 12/16/2009
Title:A Propulsion-Enabled Control System for Precise Submarine Maneuvering
Abstract:U.S. Navy submarines are now equipped with a number of actuators, including directional thrusters, that can enable an unprecedented level of maneuverability with a properly designed and executed control system. In this Phase I project, Impact Technologies has teamed with L-3 Communications and Virginia Tech to develop an automated submarine propulsion-enhanced control (ASPEC) system to achieve highly-precise control for autonomous execution of course-keeping, mooring/unmooring, mine avoidance, and collision avoidance. The ASPEC technology features an energy-shaping controller coupled with an optimal control allocation scheme, a nonlinear estimation scheme, and a guidance system. The system has guaranteed robust stability and is designed to minimize the effect of uncertainties, allowing the system to maintain precise control even with natural imprecision in the vehicle’s dynamics and obtained sensor signals. A comprehensive study of the control capability, the vehicle’s general arrangement, and subsystem interfaces (integrated bridge systems, navigation systems) will be performed in Phase I. The prototype system will then be evaluated in a representative simulation environment to determine control efficacy and justify insertion in Navy platforms. The project team is uniquely qualified to ensure a successful transition to a Phase II program that will include sea trials on a representative underwater vehicle platform.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 653-0177
John Thornton
NAVY 09-139      Awarded: 12/16/2009
Title:Advanced Submarine Control
Abstract:Previous generations of secondary propulsion systems have played an insignificant role within the submarine mission profile. Existing systems are relegated to secondary considerations providing a minimal thrust profile supporting limited requirements such as mooring, adding marginal thrust to the platforms maneuverability profile to support navigation within a restricted waterway and as a last resort acting as a backup emergency propulsion system making minimal headway in the home direction. An integrated precision control system in conjunction with primary and secondary vectored thrust propulsion systems would provide the next generation naval platforms with mission specific capabilities ranging from enhanced littoral and minefield navigation to manual/automated mooring/unmooring capabilities. Individual components required to meet such precise control are under development or already exist but require an integrated approach to system control in order to provide the potential full spectrum of automated ship control. Such a precise control system could provide potentially enormous cost of life ship savings through reduced manning requirements, elimination of secondary support cost such as tug fees accrued during mooring evolutions as well as reduction in maintenance cost associated with existing secondary propulsion mechanical control systems.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Jovan Boskovic
NAVY 09-139      Awarded: 12/16/2009
Title:An Integrated Precision Control System (IPCS) for Marine Vessels
Abstract:SSCI, in collaboration with MIT (Profs. C. Chryssostomidis and M. Triantafyllou), Olin College (Prof. D. Barrett), and Harvard University (Prof. G. Lauder), proposes to develop and implement a novel Integrated Precision Control System (IPCS) for marine vessels employing secondary propulsors as a part of the overall control authority. The IPCS will have unique capabilities since it will explicitly address the following issues: (i) Problem of control inputs affecting the dynamics in a nonlinear fashion that arises in the implementation of azimuthing thrusters; (ii) Nonlinear control allocation for the case of over-actuation of the vessel resulting from the use of additional control effectors characterized by nonlinear dynamics; (iii) Singularity avoidance and satisfaction of control effector constraints using one-step-ahead optimal nonlinear control strategy; and (iv) Retrofit adaptive fault-tolerant implementation allowing the azimuthing thrusters to be added to or removed from the overall control system with ease. In the base period of Phase I, the focus of the SSCI''s uniquely strong team will be on problem formulation, development of a control design model, IPCS design, and initial performance evaluation, while in the option period further performance testing will be carried out. Phase II will focus on implementation and in-water testing of the IPCS.

ArgenTech Solutions
4 Tirrell Place
Durham, NH 03824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 312-2485
Glen Shwaery
NAVY 09-140      Awarded: 12/16/2009
Title:Visual Signature Reduction Technology using Dynamic Camouflage Coatings
Abstract:Undersea vehicles, such as submarines, are vulnerable to visual detection in littoral waters. As a tactical aid, static camouflage patterns can be painted on vessel hulls to better blend the vessel to its environment. However, static patterns are not able to adapt to environmental conditions. As a means to greatly advance stealth, a new class of dynamic (adaptive) coatings will be developed to respond to various stimuli resulting in automatic color and brightness adaptation as a function of depth via photochromic activation. Further enhancements reducing visual perception include rendering the photochromic materials in fractal brightness and color. The development of useful environmentally stable photochromic coatings will provide a baseline to supplement, whenever possible, additional means to control the coatings’ contrast through changes in temperature (thermochromic) and through operator activation (electrochromic). Given the complexity of modeling the littoral environment, a fully instrumented university laboratory will be used to replicate conditions for simulated depths up to 150 feet. To ensure a robust, cost effective design, a proven systems engineering approach will be used to provide the Navy a coating which can operate in a variety of mission profiles while being easy for maintenance providers to apply and maintain.

Integument Technologies, Inc.
72 Pearce Avenue
Tonawanda, NY 14150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 873-1199
Terrence Vargo
NAVY 09-140      Awarded: 12/16/2009
Title:Visual Signature Reduction Technology
Abstract:The objective of this project is to design a paint replacement applique that functions as an alternative coating system on Navy submarines and UUV''s. In addition, focus will be on design and fabrication of applique material that contains advanced pigments, and sublimated dyes used to provide an optimized color pattern on a film that also reflects and absorbs electromagnetic radiation similar to those encountered by shallow water submersibles. Specific attention will be paid to effecting a desired response to blue and green laser interogation. Evaluation of active reflective display technology will also be performed.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Tim Mustone
NAVY 09-141      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Design and Manufacturing Process Automation for Next-Generation Composite Missile Canisters
Abstract:Missile system combinations such as MK-21 / SM-3 have reached the total weight limit of ship-based launchers. Reduced canister weight would provide margin needed for increased encanistered missile performance without exceeding total system weight limits. KaZaK will work with Raytheon Missile Systems to design and demonstrate a replacement for MK-21, used with multiple sea-based missiles. Replacement of steel structure with more modern composites would save considerable weight. However, composite canisters made by more conventional manufacturing methods such as filament winding, braiding, VARTM, fiber placement or RTM would unacceptably increase cost. KaZaK propose to address both weight and cost while optimizing a form, fit and function composite MK-21 for pultrusion manufacturing. Pultrusion is a highly automated method for making constant cross section hardware at half or less of the cost of other composite manufacturing methods. In Phase I KaZaK will design pultruded composite corners, then test to verify they survive pressure loads resulting from missile launch. Our team will address multiple other design concerns including restrained fire, moisture permeability, and straightness associated with material transition from steel to composite. Phase I will conclude with confirming test results along with cost and performance predictions for a fully integrated composite MK-21 production unit.

San Diego Composites, Inc.
9550 Ridgehaven Ct
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Robert Kolozs
NAVY 09-141      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Lightweight, Low Cost Missile Canister Shell Solution for Future Surface Ship VLS Applications
Abstract:This Phase I program will provide the NAVY with advanced composite materials and automated manufacturing processes for missile canisters that will reduce weight and cost and improve the performance of launch canisters for future generations of missiles. SDC will utilize our detailed knowledge of launch canisters and composites expertise to develop an outer shell design that meets the harsh 100 PSI pressure requirement for the Mk 41 and Mk 57 Vertical Launching System (VLS). The most efficient, automated and cost effective method of producing canister outer shells to meet this requirement is filament winding. In addition to producing the best weight to pressure ratio, SDC has several proprietary methods pertaining to filament winding of canister outer shells that greatly improves the performance of the canister for other requirements such as drop, shock, permeability and EMI protection.

Cellular Materials International, Inc.
1200 Five Springs Road Suite 201
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 296-7989
Yellapu Murty
NAVY 09-142      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Innovative Cost-effective Aluminum Joining Systems
Abstract:The Navy is tasked with more operations than it can perform while still building the next generation of ships. Therefore, every expense counts. To reduce costs in future ships, Cellular Materials International, Inc. and SPARK Engineering propose an innovative series of aluminum-based joining systems that will significantly reduce the labor involved in installation when compared to welding. The joining systems will avoid fusion welding and the inherent weaknesses associated with Heat Affected Zones (HAZs).

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
NAVY 09-142      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Advanced Aluminum Cost-effective Joining
Abstract:Friction stir welding (FSW) can produce stronger, lighter, and more efficient welds than any previous process. In aluminum assemblies, FSW provides improved joint strength, fatigue properties and crack resistance compared to conventional arc welded joints. One of the current barriers to widespread use of FSW is that the process generally requires the use of clamping systems that are often cumbersome, complex, and expensive. Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc. (TRI/Austin) will team with Remmele Engineering, Inc. (Remmele) to develop and demonstrate a new and innovative friction stir welding process enhancement, by which components can be efficiently friction stir welded without the need of expensive and cumbersome clamping systems. The use of the proposed new technology with FSW will offer economic advantages over the current FSW practice of using complex clamping systems. The new technology can make the FSW process more affordable by decreasing tooling costs and preparation time, and can increase assembly rates. TRI/Austin and Remmele anticipate that this new technology will facilitate the design of FSW assemblies for Naval applications that would otherwise be impractical due to the difficulty of clamping.

Boston Engineering Corporation
411 Waverley Oaks Road Suite 114
Waltham, MA 02452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 314-0723
Michael Rufo
NAVY 09-143      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:MANEUVER, Integrated Approach for Dynamic Unsteady Situation Control Surface Development
Abstract:MANEUVER is a focused, applied research effort combines cutting edge biological and engineering techniques to provide a basis for advanced hydrodynamic control surfaces design for unsteady conditions and includes quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the technology as related to Navy Submarines, UUVs, and others. Empirical testing on a free- swimming vehicle is necessary for making solid connections between research and development and actual applicability to platforms. Therefore, Boston Engineering’s world- class team intends to provide a path to feasible Navy technology by “closing the loop” where other efforts have been unable. By combining instrumented control surface concepts, tested in both advanced DPIV and on free swimming vehicles, we can provide research and direction with a high probability of tactical relevance and applicability. The ability to rapidly prototype and test concepts provides the connection between basic research in the area of interest and logistical issues involved in their application such as vehicle control, mounting consideration (loading), maneuver possibilities, vehicle component layout, etc. During the design of new control surfaces etc., the team will develop them as a system and incorporate lessons from fish and marine mammals as is appropriate.

Innovative Technology Applications Co., L. L. C.
PO Box 6971
Chesterfield, MO 63006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 247-6611
Mehul Patel
NAVY 09-143      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Bioinspired High-Performance Hydrofoils (BIOFOILS) for Future Naval Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:The proposed BIOFOILS program will develop innovative designs and control concepts for bioinspired hydrofoils for use in future Naval undersea vessels. The program will incorporate novel structures and mechanisms inspired from aquatic mammals into the design and function of human-engineered biofoils. In Phase I, Innovative Technology Applications Company (ITAC), LLC and its collaborators will explore and parameterize foil geometries and maneuver performance of various aquatic mammals and fishes, and demonstrate via experimental and numerical studies the hydrodynamic performance of candidate bioinspired and engineered foils undergoing severe maneuvers in an unsteady flow. The research will focus on investigating the influence of highly evolved morphological structures on associated vortical flows, loading and hydrodynamic performance of these foils. In Phase II, the biomimetic exploration will be extended to include multiple modes of motion for promising aquatic mammal appendages, flippers, and fish to develop innovative formulations of biofoil designs. The end product will be a new class of high-performance biofoil designs that provide greater control and maneuver performance, and are more compliant to the surrounding turbulent flows than conventional control surfaces. The proposed BIOFOILS technology can potentially lead to changes in design paradigms for future naval and aerial vehicles with advanced capabilities.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Jovan Boscovic
NAVY 09-143      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Dynamic Control Surfaces for Extreme Maneuvers of UUVs
Abstract:By exploiting fish locomotion principles, we are going to address truly difficult control challenges such as station keeping under large perturbations, rapid maneuvering, and trajectory planning and tracking. The analysis of biological control surface design, composition, and capabilities will be applied to nautical vessels to enhance performance and maneuverability and reduce detection. We will study the optimal shape and size of the control surfaces to reduce drag and increase thrust. The trade-off between stability and maneuverability is also an important design factor. In collaboration with Prof. Michael Triantafyllou (MIT) and Prof. David Barret (Olin College) we will demonstrate our results on small UUVs in their state-of-the-art laboratories.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Richard Kaszeta
NAVY 09-144      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Enhanced Dielectric Barrier Discharge Devices for Active Control of Flow Separation
Abstract:One of the most important factors in improving aerodynamic performance of aircraft is the ability to control flow separation from lift and control surfaces. On many military aircraft, passive vortex generators are currently used to create high levels of vorticity along control and lift surfaces, but these are purely passive devices, and it would be more advantageous to create controllable levels of body force, turbulence, and vorticity to improve overall aerodynamic performance. What is needed is a practical technique for active flow control. Surface-mounted Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) plasma actuators have been studied in several laboratories, and they are a potentially attractive approach to achieve active flow control. Creare, in cooperation with the University of Minnesota, proposes to develop an active transition and drag reduction control system based upon wing-mounted DBDs using asymmetric thrust generation to improve DBD performance. We will develop a system that is practical for actual aircraft application. The system will be characterized, packaged appropriately for aircraft installation, and made robust enough to both survive and function in real-world military scenarios.

Innovative Technology Applications Co., L. L. C.
PO Box 6971
Chesterfield, MO 63006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 247-6611
Mehul Patel
NAVY 09-144      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Plasma Enhanced Aerodynamic Control (PEAC) for Improved Rotorcraft Performance
Abstract:Innovative Technology Applications Company (ITAC), LLC, in partnership with the University of Notre Dame (ND), propose to develop an advanced plasma-enhanced aerodynamic control (PEAC) technology to significantly enhance the performance of vertical takeoff and landing aircraft, in particular the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor vehicle. Innovative open- and closed-loop PEAC concepts will be designed to increase lift and cruise efficiency, and reduce drag and aerodynamic download during hover of the V-22 tiltrotor vehicle. The program will develop concepts based on a pending patent by Bell Helicopters using University of Notre Dame’s SDBD plasma actuators. In addition to wind tunnel demonstrations of aerodynamic benefits on the V-22 vehicle geometry, a preliminary assessment of system requirements will be conducted, and a method for real- time actuator health monitoring will be developed and tested as part of laboratory experiments. The program will emphasize readying the PEAC technology for flight tests.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Srikanth Vasudevan
NAVY 09-144      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Affordable Rotorcraft Air Vehicle Drag Reduction for Cruise Efficiency and Enhanced Lift Using Plasma Flow Control
Abstract:The V-22 Osprey can benefit from drag reductions in at least two areas: low angle of attack drag reduction will provide an improvement in the cruise efficiency and hover download reduction will provide an increase in cargo capability. Orbital Research, in collaboration with the University of Toledo, proposes to develop an innovative, affordable Plasma-On-Demand (POD) system to reduce the drag of the V-22 during cruise, improve lift characteristics during maneuvers and reduce download in hover. During the Phase I program, Orbital will experimentally demonstrate the effectiveness of strategically placed plasma actuators in novel configurations and compare the effectiveness with existing passive VGs on the V-22 geometry at representative flight Mach numbers. Additionally, in combination with novel actuator configurations, an experimental approach will be used to identify suitable dielectric materials to increase the plasma actuator effectiveness at high speeds. For the Phase I Option program, Orbital will investigate the effectiveness of the plasma actuator arrangements at representative Reynolds numbers via CFD and create a hardware integration plan – highlighting the key components to be considered at a system level.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 326-2828
Thomas Giddings
NAVY 09-145      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Algorithms for Detection of Near Surface Objects Using Acoustic Synthetic Aperture Sensors - MP 61-09
Abstract:Metron proposes to develop signal processing algorithms that will provide a surface mine hunting capability using existing SMCM UUV hardware technology. Detection and classification algorithms will be designed to meet the challenges of shallow water (SW) and very shallow water (VSW) environments by incorporating novel techniques to reduce surface reverberation and mitigate multipath interference. The objective of the proposed effort is to develop an environmentally robust surface mine hunting system with a low false alarm rate.

CRYE ASSOCIATES LLC
63 FLUSHING AVENUE UNIT 252
BROOKLYN, NY 11205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 246-1515
Caleb Crye
NAVY 09-146      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Development of a high mobility, contaminated water dive suit system
Abstract:Navy Special Warfare divers are often tasked with missions that require autonomous operation, high levels of mobility, and protection from contaminated water environments. Currently, there is no integrated dive suit system that can meet these requirements. Crye Associates proposes the development of such a dive suit system. This effort is primarily an engineering and design effort, with the main tasks being: identification of the best materials and components available; engineering a suit system that carefully balances different performance trade-offs; and the development of a design that provides the best functionality and usability. New methods for specific sealing and attachment functions may also have to be created for this particular application. In addition, development costs and end user cost constraints must be balanced against performance.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
A. Hill
NAVY 09-146      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Advanced Self-Assembly Method to Fabricate Novel Nanostructured Fabric Coatings for Diver Protection from Water Contaminants
Abstract:NanoSonic proposes to develop a novel nanostructured fabric coating method to fabricate a full protection system for divers towards water contaminants. Specifically, the nano- skin protection system would be lightweight, flexible/non-restrictive (for diver mobility), durable (will not degrade with saltwater environment, UV exposure, or with chemical/contamination exposure), and comfortable. A novel, hydrophobic (water/chemical-repellant), and synthetic fluorinated polymer fabric coating that is impregnated with functional materials (for thermal insulation and antimicrobial properties) will be developed. Next a nanostructured hydrophilic fiber coating (to wick moisture/sweat) would be applied to the inner exposed fabric surface using NanoSonic’s molecular-level self-assembly process. The low mass-density and highly functional wicking coating would be built-up or “grown” onto new/existing fabrics in a layer-by-layer fashion using specialty molecular-level solutions of nanoparticles and polymers that are made in-house. NanoSonic specializes in the development of innovative, highly-functional nanostructured and polymeric coatings for fabrics, such as Metal Rubber™-Textiles (highly-electrically-conductive and robust nanostructured fabrics). Scientists would directly build upon this unique technology to: 1) fabricate the precursor nanoclusters and polymer materials, 2) combine the precursor materials and build them up in the appropriate molecular-level architecture onto the fabric, and 3) analyze and optimize the fabric coating for diver protection in contaminated waters.

Oxazogen, Inc.
1910 West St. Andrews Road
Midland, MI 48640
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(989) 832-5590
Peter Carver
NAVY 09-146      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Form-Fitting HAZMAT Diving Suit System for Protection Against Contaminated Water for Free-Swimming Diver
Abstract:Dry diving suits currently available for use in category 1 contaminated water are not elastomeric. They are bulky, heavy, require assistance with both donning and removing and are therefore incompatible with the precepts of speed, agility, maneuverability and stealth, which form the foundation of modern combat diving. An entirely new design of dry suit is proposed, utilizing a highly chemically and biologically resistant coating on a dry diving suit. The innovative lightweight material will facilitate a new form-fitting, less restrictive suit that will allow combat divers to undertake missions with a greater degree of safety, while being protected from toxic chemicals and harmful pathogens that may be present in the water as well as maintain a high level of durability to abrasion. This will constitute a paradigm shift in dry suit technology.

Paragon Space Development Corporation
3481 E. Michigan Street
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 382-4812
Grant Anderson
NAVY 09-146      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Contaminated Water Protection System for Free-Swimming Diver
Abstract:Paragon will leverage hardware solutions developed and tested for the existing Navy Paragon Dive System Open Circuit Umbilical supplied demand UBA for diving in contaminated Category I & II waters. Hoses, seals, valves and materials from this system can be used to serve virtually every function required to modify existing Closed Circuit UBA and dry suit systems to create what we have termed the Paragon Expeditionary Dive System. With hardening solutions and water contaminant valves already in place, Paragon will use its unique life support experience to address the additional physiological design challenges imposed by the closed circuit system to provide a better integrated, and more efficient system without compromising any portion of the diver’s effectiveness. Innovations include a contaminant compatible integrated mask and hood that, despite being a closed system, allows equalization of pressure, mask defogging, CO2 flush, and sufficient movement. An affordable dry suit (cost and maintenance) is also proposed with adequate protective characteristics, suit vent / buoyancy control, and valving / filter for protection against back contamination of the counter lung. Given directly relevant experience and hardware, Paragon is uniquely positioned to provide a feasible total system solution that is obtainable within the SBIR program.

Diversified Technologies, Inc.
35 Wiggins Ave.
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9444
David Fink
NAVY 09-147      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Over the Horizon Refueling (OTH)
Abstract:In Phase I, DTI will examine methods of increasing tanker stand-off to a distance of 25 miles from shore, and beyond. DTI will evaluate and design the power, communications, and deployment systems required to field a distributed-pump solution; and investigate the alternative of simply increasing the diameter of the pipe used in systems. The latter approach would only require the use a single tanker-borne dry pump, but would necessitate a bulkier, more expensive pipe, and would lack the scalability offered by the distributed-pumps solution. A massively distributed pumping scheme that uses many smaller pumps in series is extremely attractive if very flexible thin wall tube can be used, because the shipboard pipe volume would be reduced significantly compared to the present 8 mile system. However the recovery method of such a flexible thin wall system will need to be evaluated and developed. In Phase II, DTI will work with the Navy to refine these initial designs, and select the optimal approach for full-scale demonstration in Phase III.

Athena ISG / GTXtreme, Inc.
9411 Haven Avenue, Suite 204
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(515) 288-3360
Mark Darrah
NAVY 09-148      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Combat Diagnostic Chest Dressing
Abstract:We will design and integrate an embedded electronic diagnostic system into an existing chest dressing to alert a caregiver to a developing pneumothorax so that the appropriate life saving intervention can be made. The venting of air from the intrathoracic space through a wound provides an indication of a pneumothorax. Until now no chest dressing can detect deteriorating conditions and alert a care provider. Additionally, electronics technology is now able to produce sensing without adding excessive cost of an already fielded chest dressing such as the HALO, Ascherman or Hyfin. The use of miniaturized sensory electronics including a novel microprocessor detection algorithm will be integrated into a compact, disposable unit capable of assessing state, allowing for the venting of air, detecting the vent, and triggering a visual indicator. Such as device could easily be adapted in future phases to a wireless communication embedded chip to communicate with field medic or corpsmen monitors such as the Mini-medic™. Phase 1 will embed the electronic module onto the HALO system to meet the program requirements of sized to fit most wounds, identical adhesion to wound sites as the current device fielded, and visual indicator to the occurrence of the vent.

ChromoLogic LLC
133 N. Altadena Dr., Ste 307
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Nicholas Booth
NAVY 09-148      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Combat Diagnostic Chest Dressing
Abstract:In order to address the Navy’s need for a diagnostic chest seal to autonomously alert care providers of the onset of tPTX/hPTX, ChromoLogic LLC (CL) proposes to develop a Pressure-Reactive Chest Seal (ReSeal) that is based on adapting a liquid manometer into a compact, microfabricated structure that can easily be integrated with existing chest seals. During Phase I, CL will work with our strategic partner, North American Rescue, the leading provider of chest wound seals to the DOD, to develop multiple prototypes for validation in a custom in-vitro model. During Phase II, CL will complete the field reliability studies of the ReSeal technology and prepare for full FDA approval.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Leonid Bukshpun
NAVY 09-148      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Pneumothorax Diagnostic Chest Dressing Pad
Abstract:To address U.S. Navy’s need for a diagnostic chest dressing, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new electronics-integrated Pneumothorax Diagnostic Chest Dressing Pad (NUMOPAD). The proposed NUMOPAD is based on a chest pad/dressing with multiple embedded sensors applied on the chest wound of the injured Warfighter and a display unit carried/worn by the medic/corpsman. The innovation in the system design offers low false alarm rate (FAR) (0.02%), real-time diagnostic capability for developing pneumothorax in chest wounds and wirelessly alerts the medic/corpsman to its occurrence. The dressing is hypoallergenic and resilient to perspiration and extreme weather and its use of flexible electronics offers a small form factor (< 1 cm thick, in various sizes up to 6 in. × 4 in). Use of low-power electronics allows continuous operation of 8–10 hours of the dressing using watch batteries. In Phase I, POC plans to develop an engineering design, assemble a proof-of-concept prototype to demonstrate feasibility of NUMOPAD and develop an FDA approval strategy for this technology. At the end of Phase II, NUMOPAD will reach technology readiness level (TRL) 4/5 and be ready for initial testing for potential transition to the field.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
4515 Seton Center Parkway Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Sandeep Parikh
NAVY 09-149      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:ACCESS: Automated Comparison and Clustering of Entity Signatures
Abstract:21st Century Technologies’ (21CT) ACCESS (Automated Comparison and Clustering of Entity SignatureS) research effort addresses the issue of comparing entities such as human personas and networks, so that a more complete assessment of at-risk entities can be made within and across the various domains in which those entities interact. The Phase I effort of ACCESS will provide an effective similarity measure and clustering algorithm for the automated comparison of human signatures that arise within and across modalities and mediums so that personas of interest can be discovered among large databases of gathered intelligence. This similarity measure will be used to create higher fidelity personas and provide the means to detect asymmetric actors/at-risk entities that manifest behavior types of interest. Key components of the ACCESS Phase I effort include: 1) Identification of one or more useful similarity measures for clustering personas, 2) Experimental data to inform assessments of the effectiveness of the identified measures, and 3) Preliminary results identifying at-risk signatures. This builds directly upon existing 21CT technologies that generate signatures from raw data, providing the customer with the ability to determine signature similarity for the identification of persons of interest.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2412
Jean MacMillan
NAVY 09-149      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Similarity Measures for Human Networks
Abstract:The search for entities of interest (either individuals or groups) in large behavioral datasets has emerged as a key need for irregular warfare, counter-insurgency, and counter-terrorism. This search requires measures of similarity between networks, and the combination of diverse multi-dimensional measures into a single meaningful scalar measure of similarity. To address this challenge, Aptima has teamed with two leaders in the field of human network research: Dr. Kathleen Carley from Carnegie Mellon University and Dr. Alex (Sandy) Pentland from the MIT Media Lab. Dr. Carley brings a meta-matrix framework developed for computational organizational modeling to the team. Dr. Pentland brings his sociometric network similarity measurement work, which introduces similarity measures based on data from new types of wearable sensors. Aptima’s work on human network similarity from a system engineering and network science perspective forms a third component and serves as a bridge. Testing of measures in Phase I will use a hybrid real-synthetic dataset. A hypothetical test case will represent a “person or group of interest” and the Aptima team will calculate measures of similarity between the entities in the dataset and the synthetic target of interest, analyzing the effects of varying levels of uncertainty on the similarity measure.

Michigan Aerospace Corporation
1777 Highland Drive Suite B
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8777
John Trenkle
NAVY 09-149      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:True Colors: Persona/Human Network Similarity Quantification Software
Abstract:In response to Navy SBIR topic NAVY 09-149, “Similarity Measures for Persona/Human Networks”, Michigan Aerospace Corporation (MAC) proposes the True Colors system (TC): an application that utilizes a unique means of assessing, quantifying and understanding the relationship between N-dimensional vectors which represent signatures capturing the behavior and activities of individuals or groups. Unlike popular distance and similarity metrics, the TC technique for assessing similarity does not require normalization, works with mixed numeric and categorical fields, gracefully handles missing entries, and can function appropriately in the case of imbalanced or sparsely populated records. TC is based on several years of research conducted by MAC staff in conjunction with government and industry partners in applying Ensembles of Decision Trees (EDTs) to challenging problems in Data Mining and Pattern Recognition including clustering. Advantages to this approach, include confidence estimations and relative feature importance assessment. MAC will use anonymized human interactions harvested from the well-known Slashdot forums as a testbed to demonstrate TC similarity principles. Slashdot forums supply a wealth of information about authors, users, topics, and cliques of like-minded members. The ability to assess similarity between items of varied composition has key applications in business, biology, social network analysis and many other fields.

SEMANDEX NETWORKS, Inc
5 Independence Way Suite 309
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 454-0664
Dave Ihrie
NAVY 09-149      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Similarity Measures for Persona/Human Networks
Abstract:Under the ONR Large Tactical Sensors Networks (LTSN) program, we have demonstrated a semantic wiki application, SWIM, capable of dynamically assembling and organizing data from disparate sources into a semantic graph conformant to an ontology. Using SWIM, incoming information is linked, where possible, to existing entities in the semantic graph, with linkages subject to user validation via the semantic wiki. For this SBIR Phase I we propose to investigate and demonstrate expanding SWIM capabilities in two areas: a) iterative feature set matching algorithms that will hypothesize probabilistic persona-persona matches as a mechanism to suggest merges of existing entities. This capability will improve identification of individuals based on partial or fragmentary information. b) subgraph matching algorithms that assess similarity of evolving social network or persona role or behavior identification against canonical group structure templates. This capability will improve the association of persona with groups. We will also assess methods to structure concepts representing motivators of behavior, leading to future research connecting individuals, groups and ideals to specific predicted behavior patterns.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 500
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 518-4228
Robert Simpson
NAVY 09-150      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Human Systems Acquisition Associate
Abstract:ASI proposes a most highly innovative approach to optimizing the systems engineering of human-centric complex systems, using a novel cognitive engine framework known as Associate Systems. The ASI solution is a web-based knowledge portal with intelligent decision support guiding the designers and program decision makers. ASI is uniquely positioned to deliver this decision support solution and to commercialize it, while simultaneously enabling vast improvements to the DoD acquisition process where the effectiveness of Human-Systems Integration has been problematic.

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
Wayne Zachary
NAVY 09-150      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Human Total Cost of Ownership Decision Support System (HTCO)
Abstract:Realistic cost estimates are essential to the acquisition process. This proposal argues that approaches such as Total Cost of Ownership fall short of assessing the full costs of an item to be acquired because they largely avoid one main source of costs (and benefits) of the products/system to be acquired – the human costs over a system’s life cycle. The proposed effort focuses on enhancing a revolutionary approach to identifying and incorporating the human costs of ownership into the acquisition process, the Human Total Cost of Ownership (HTCO) model. We propose to expand and tailor the HTCO taxonomy to meet the needs of Department of Defense acquisition, and to develop an initial design and architecture for an acquisition Decision Support System (DSS) that uses HCTO to identify, track, and manage human costs as separate Key Performance Parameters (KPPs) in an acquisition. The technical approach includes collecting and analyzing a baseline sample of case study data from Defense Acquisitions and using that data to expand and tailor the HTCO human cost taxonomy. Products will include a refined HTCO framework and a conceptual prototype of an HCTO-based DSS for DoD guidance related to identification of human-related costs.

Discovery Machine Incorporated
454 Pine Street Suite 1C
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 329-0251
Todd Griffith
NAVY 09-150      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Intelligent Human-System Integration Costing Model Console
Abstract:The proposed work includes the design of a decision system capable of taking high-level human-system integration (HSI) design requirements and propagating those design decisions to their consequences to determine cost changes. We will capture the relationships between platform technologies, component classes, and system level parameters and the human systems integration elements. We will capture these and a myriad of other causal relationships from human factors subject matter experts and provide NAVSEA with a decision tool to help them visualize and understand the trades between requirements, design components and features, HSI elements and the related life cycle costs of alternate designs. The focus of this effort is to augment the current NAVSEA processes so that concepts can be easily or automatically evaluated for Human Systems Integration impact and be associated with an HSI impact parameter. This HSI impact parameter will give the decision maker better insight into how each concept compares in the human factors elements. This HSI impact parameter may decompose into subcategories such as manpower, personnel, training and habitability. These HSI parameters have a direct effect on life cycle costs and can be used to better predict and estimate these costs during the conceptual design phase of a program.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 231-9353
Donald Conroy
NAVY 09-150      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Decision Support Aiding for Human-Systems Acquisition
Abstract:As the Navy continues to emphasize the Naval Capabilities Development Process for evaluating material and non-material solutions, the importance of quantifying the effects of Human Systems Integration (HSI) factors continues to increase. The objective of this Phase I SBIR is to provide Navy analysts comprehensive insight into the impact HSI factors have on system level performance and total ownership cost (TOC). The decision support tool will support a multi-step assessment process that traces warfighting capabilities to system requirements, measures of effectiveness, and eventually to the HSI factors that influence those measures. The results will be displayed in a multi-dimensional trade space integrating cost, schedule, performance, and risk. FTI will leverage a data integration framework initially developed for the AF and Missile Defense Agency. Innovative HSI performance measure utility functions will be developed and integrated into a proven cost versus performance trade space. A standardized TOC method capturing cost impacts of HSI factors, such as manpower and training, will be integrated into a common database enabling both HSI practitioners and acquisition decision makers to evaluate solutions. The Phase I program will validate Phase II requirements through interacting with Navy analysts. The Phase II program will result in a fully functional prototype.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Jeff Brown
NAVY 09-151      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Infrared-Transparent, Millimeter-Wave Bandpass, Missile Dome Design
Abstract:This purpose of this project is to develop advanced coatings for use in tri-mode seeker domes for the next generation Joint Air-to-Ground Missile. The coatings will be deposited using innovative deposition techniques producing films of high optical and electrical quality that are very dense and highly adherent. The coatings simultaneously have high electrical conductivity and IR transparency of greater than 90% past 5ìm. The films will be characterized by optical transmission scans, electrical measurements, and EMI shielding from 10-50 GHz. Results of the EMI shielding measurements will be used to design band- selective millimeter-wave (MMW) filters. Furthermore, high temperature conductivity testing to 1000°C will be performed along with abrasion testing, and sand erosion testing. This data will assess the suitability of the different coatings for use in the tri-mode seeker domes. Optimized films will be deposited on IR substrates and incorporated into a coating structure to demonstrate the coatings ability to achieve a high transmission pass region in the MMW Ka-band (between 27 and 40 GHz) while achieving out of band rejection. This structure will be based upon computer modeling refined from the earlier testing of the EMI shielding performance.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jack Salerno
NAVY 09-151      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Infrared-Transparent, Millimeter-Wave Bandpass, Missile Dome Design
Abstract:Agiltron will develop an infrared coating and Ka-band pass filter that can be used in missile domes and windows. An electrically conductive doped silicon thin layer is proposed as the shielding layer to replace the current embedded metal grid for shielding out-of-band microwave and radio frequencies. Silicon (Si) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3), both with good environment durability, are proposed for the high and low refractive index coating materials for the anti-reflection (AR) for the 3 to 5 micron band. This coating will protect the window and meet the environment survival requirements. All three coatings will be applied using the same technique, electron-beam evaporation. Agiltron’s approach to the Ka-band pass is a multi-cavity Fabry-Perot etalon utilizing the interface reflectance between high and low refractive index materials, Si and Al2O3. The Phase I program will develop two structures, one with the two filters physically separated but operating together, and the second with the two filters integrated into a single unit.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0520
Badawi Dweik
NAVY 09-152      Awarded: 9/29/2009
Title:Total Residual Oxidant Sensor for Automation of the Antifouling Process
Abstract:While the sensing of Total Residual Oxidant (TRO) in potable water and treated water streams is well understood and devices are commercially available, the technology to measure TRO in seawater is not well developed. The overall objective of this project is to design and build a field-deployable, real-time sensor for the measurement of TRO in saltwater to provide control of the electrolytic hypochlorite-enhanced seawater flushes to ensure discharge levels fall within a narrow range that is effective. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the approach. Sensors chip will be fabricated and tested. Key to the success of the proposed sensing is the use of highly robust sensing electrode that is resistant to fouling combined with the high sensitivity technique and microarray configuration. The addition of reagents is eliminated, providing continuous and real-time monitoring capabilities. Direct detection of TROs will be carried out for various concentrations (i.e. chlorine/bromine or other mixed oxidant naturally formed species) between 10 and 500 mg/L. Laboratory studies to confirm the feasibility of proposed approaches will be performed in synthetic and actual seawater. During Phase II we will demonstrate the sensor performance integrated with commercial electrolytic generators in an operational environment.

Halogen Systems, Inc.
986 Fourth Green
Incline Village, NV 89451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 832-0495
Michael Silveri
NAVY 09-152      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Development of a Total Residual Oxidant Sensor Development of a Total Residual Oxidant Sensor
Abstract:Recent efforts at improving shipboard operations have focused on desalination systems. One area in which manpower may be significantly reduced is in the monitoring chlorine residuals from hypochlorite enhanced streams that are used for periodic biofouling control flushes of microfiltration membranes. These are used for pretreatment of seawater prior to exposure to reverse osmosis membranes used for desalination. Another area of interest is the measurement of oxidant levels in potable water to ensure safe levels are maintained. Current manual methods are not an efficient use of resources. These manual methods require consumables and are not real time. Commercially available sensors are unable to survive or accurately measure levels of oxidant in the 50 to 500 ppm range. Halogen Systems proposes to adapt its Chlorine Sensor Technology Platform to provide long term measurement stability along with a level of performance necessary for monitoring the Total Residual Oxidant levels of hypochlorite enhanced seawater flushing and potable water bromine and chlorine measurement.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
NAVY 09-152      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:In-Stream Total Residual Oxidant Detector
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a near-real-time in-stream (NRTIS) total residual oxidant (TRO) detector, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new In-Stream Total Residual Oxidant Detector (ISTROD) based on nephelometric, photometric, and deconvolution analysis. The innovation in using wavelength-multiplexed photometry enables the compact (1.5 cubic feet) device to detect different types of oxidants and to determine TRO level from numerical deconvolution analysis continuously and in near real time. Environmentally robust and capable of operating in harsh seawater environment, this system offers high reliability and availability level >3,000 hr and TRO measurement range 500 mg/L with ±5% accuracy. In Phase I, POC will assemble and test a proof-of-concept technology readiness level (TRL)-3 prototype to demonstrate ISTROD efficacy in a laboratory environment, utilizing a model seawater mixture of relevant compositions and bleach solutions over a TRO concentration range of 50 to 500 mg/L. In Phase II, an improved full-scale and stand-alone TRL-7 prototype with controller area network bus (CAN-bus) interface will be built and demonstrated using natural seawater and an electrolytic chlorination device to produced EHCE seawater. This prototype will be coupled to an operating chlorination process in a Navy natural-seawater test facility to prove its performance.

Pronghorn Technologies, LLC
Wyoming Technology Business Center 1000 E. University Ave., Dept
Laramie, WY 82071
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(307) 766-9511
Kent Henry
NAVY 09-152      Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title:Sensor for Continuous Detection and Reporting of Total Residual Oxidant in Hypochlorite-Enhanced Water Systems
Abstract:The U.S. Navy has significantly improved its operational capabilities in littoral and near- shore seawaters, which has resulted in the need to achieve much better pre-treatment of the seawater withdrawn from the often turbid and debris-filled shallow waters for the onboard desalination systems. Low-maintenance microfiltration is now used for pre- treatment, and it relies upon periodic electrolytic hypochlorite-enhanced seawater flushes. Increased littoral deployment of naval vessels has also seen an increase in biological fouling and clogging of vessel cooling systems, leading to the installation of electrolytic chlorination systems on ships and submarines to control biological fouling. Efficient electrolytic chlorination requires an active control feedback system in the form of a compact, near real-time in-stream detector capable of continuously detecting and reporting the total residual oxidant (TRO) content in the hypochlorite-enhanced seawater streams that the Navy uses for periodic biofouling control flushes. Efficient control/monitoring of electrolytic chlorine-generation systems requires a TRO sensor that will operate accurately, reliably and for long durations without maintenance in the marine environment. Pronghorn Technologies proposes to develop a proprietary halogen oxidant sensor technology with proven robust, long-term measurement stability to operate from 0 to 500 ppm TRO to provide near real-time control feedback in a seawater chlorination system.

Raman Systems, Inc.
3007 Longhorn Blvd Suite 105
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 719-9900
Richard Clarke
NAVY 09-152      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Development of a Total Residual Oxidant Sensor
Abstract:We propose to develop a compact, near real-time in-stream detector capable of continuously detecting and reporting the total residual oxidant (TRO) content in the hypochlorite-enhanced seawater streams that the Navy uses for periodic biofouling control flushes. Our detector is a compact chemical sensor that monitors oxidant analytes in water using laser Raman spectroscopy employing an immersible, nonfouling inert glass fiberoptic probe. Such a sensor will provide the required input for measurement of TRO in concentrated oxidant streams made with a variety of source waters including potable water, natural seawater, and estuarine sources for future advanced desalination systems. Raman is a well known tool for chemical identification in aqueous media that provides some unique advantages for the present topic. These include: • Application to a broad range of aqueous environments • Particularly sensitive to halogen-containing analytes • Detectable through inert silica optical fibers • Water turbidity enhances scattering and detection capability • No sample preparation or extraction required • Single detector capable of monitoring multiple analytes. For these reasons we propose to develop a compact Raman unit in a configuration consistent with the specifications required to allow utilization with Navy shipboard seawater decontamination units.

Adherent Technologies, Inc.
5505 Foothills Canyon Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 346-1685
Jan-Michael Gosau
NAVY 09-153      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Shipboard Waste Volume Reduction and Treatment
Abstract:The US Navy is seeking ways to treat typical ship-generated waste to minimize storage space required for waste storage during long-term deployments, with a special emphasis on the large items produced during cargo and ordinance handling. The best way to do this is to treat the waste as a resource, reducing its volume and producing useful energy or fuel from the waste decomposition process. Rather than incineration, which produces nothing of value, Adherent Technologies, Inc. (ATI) is proposing to extend its novel tertiary recycling process for plastics to the treatment of mixed shipboard waste. In this process, solid organic materials are converted into volatile compounds that can be used as gaseous or liquid fuel while the remaining solids are highly condensed and usually sterile and odor free, allowing for long-term storage and easy disposal. The process is closed and does not need emission controls. ATI will use their experience in treating diverse waste materials for the recovery of valuable components to design a modular unit to reduce the volume of shipboard waste and generate usable products from the waste.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Mark Smith
NAVY 09-153      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Rapid Retrograde Processing using a Navy On Board Ship Pyrolysis System
Abstract:Navy shipboard and cargo shipment and transfer operations generate large quantities of bulk waste and non-biodegradable waste products that (a) utilize valuable storage space aboard ship before it can be disposed of in port and (b) cannot be disposed of overboard within littoral waters because of international environmental legislation (MARPOL). The objectives of this program are to develop a system that will process biodegradable (food, cardboard, wood) and non-biodegradable (fiberglass, Styrofoam, glass, metal strapping/banding) waste to produce minimal residual waste and operate in an environmentally responsible manner. Infoscitex, with the support of QinetiQ North America, propose a pyrolysis system for on-board use. This system burns waste at very high temperatures without using oxygen and leaves behind an ash that is about 10 percent of the original volume and that can safely be stored aboard ship until it reaches port. To date pyrolysis has been used mainly for organic materials. In the proposed Phase I program a small laboratory unit will be developed to demonstrate the pyrolysis of non- biodegradable waste. This system will be designed such that it can be scaled up for shipboard use and be compact and easily retrofitted to existing platforms or installed on future platforms.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Dustin Zastrow
NAVY 09-153      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Demonstration of Rapid Waste Reduction from Ships Using Hydrothermal Liquefaction and Compaction
Abstract:Waste management on ships is an important yet difficult task because as waste is generated by day to day processes, it accumulates and occupies valuable space aboard vessels. The waste consists of a wide variety of organic and inorganic constituents, some of which are high in water content such as food waste. A process that is capable of rapidly converting all of the waste into a dense media for efficient storage or capable of completely eliminate some of the waste is ideal. We propose to develop a process consisting of a hydrothermal liquefaction reactor and a waste compactor. The hydrothermal liquefaction reactor will convert organic materials into an energy dense fuel, while the compactor will condense the inorganic waste. Hydrothermal liquefaction is a unique technology that can depolymerize wet or dry biomass into fuel. This fuel can be then be burned to heat the reactor, essentially eliminating waste from the boat. In Phase I, a batch reactor will be used to demonstrate the feasibility of rapidly reducing the volume of solid waste aboard ships while producing fuel from this waste. In Phase II, the batch reactor will be converted to a pilot-scale continuous reactor to achieve more efficient waste processing.

HYPRES. Inc.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Deepnarayan Gupta
NAVY 09-154      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Subranging Superconductor ADC
Abstract:Using magnetic flux quantum as a unit of conversion, and coupled with on-chip ultrafast rapid single flux quantum digital circuits, cryogenic superconductor analog-to-digital converter (ADC) technology offers discriminating performance advantages over competing technologies in sensitivity, linearity, and sampling rate. Extension of the single modulator design with an innovative subranging architecture has a potential performance leap (>30dB) in signal-to-noise ratio and spur-free-dynamic range that will exceed the stated requirements. The subranging ADC concatenates the ranges of a coarse and a fine ADC through an inter-range interface, which presents implementation challenges due to its inherent complexity. Recent advances in mixed-signal design concepts for the inter- range interface, propelled by the imminent transition to the faster and denser next generation Josephson junction circuit fabrication, now enable realization of the proposed subranging architecture. In Phase I, we will not only design the inter-range interface circuitry but also investigate two new ADCs to reduce the interface complexity. The first realization of the subranging ADC in Phase II will be followed by construction and delivery of complete receivers in Phase III. Recently, we have made significant advances in demonstrating and delivering complete receiver systems by combining superconductor chips with other cooled and un-cooled electronics to Navy laboratories.

OmniPhase Reserach Laboratories Inc.
359 San Miguel Drive Suite 208
Newport Beach, CA 92660
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 335-1669
DOUGLAS HAWK
NAVY 09-154      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Improved Dynamic Range ADCs
Abstract:This proposal presents an Improved Dynamic Range ADC methodology that addresses key limitations in current ADC technology with respect to signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and output bandwidth. This proposal leverages existing designs and technology already developed by OmniPhase, and scheduled for commercialization by 2010. The existing OmniPhase design employs proprietary ADC processing to attain extremely high SNR and SFDR performance across the full output bandwidth, providing a spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR) specification of 80 dB. It also supports downconversion and decimation with programmable bandwidth of 10 kHz to 300 MHz and decimated sample rates of 100 KSPS to 400 MSPS over an input RF bandwidth of DC to 2.6 GHz. The existing design is modified to utilize a novel ADC approach to improve SNR performance to provide a SNR of 82 dB at a 500 MHz output bandwidth, and 100 dB at a 10 MHz output bandwidth. The modified design provides 13.3 Effective Bits at 500 MHz output bandwidth, and 16.3 Effective Bits at a 10 MHz output bandwidth. An additional ADC circuit and post- processing digital downconversion (DDC) path are added to the existing design to provide a 600 MHz output instantaneous bandwidth.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Tim Faltemier
NAVY 09-155      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Organization, Search and Manipulation of Large Databases of Face Images
Abstract:In this proposal, we present a variety of methods that will significantly lower identification time of any face recognition algorithm by reducing the overall number of “possible subjects” through the use of Indexing and Soft Biometrics. Based on our prior academically published experience in this area and current Phase II SBIR research and development (ONR N08-077 – Automated Entity Classification in Video Using Soft Biometrics), we will construct a solution that leverages soft biometric features (i.e. gender, age, ethnicity, hair color, etc.) in order to categorize individuals into specific predefined bins. These features can be extracted during the preprocessing or enrollment phases and used to develop a novel Feature Search Tree (FST) data structure to enable significantly improved facial recognition. An added benefit of our soft biometric approach is that learned features can be combined using our innovative “Morphable Template Model” in order to automatically construct galleries of high resolution photo-realistic facial images of subjects matching textual descriptions.

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
NAVY 09-155      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:FaceTracer: Organization, Search and Manipulation of Large Databases of Face Images
Abstract:Managing a large set of face images, whether in a biometric database, security/surveillance videos or a social networking site, presents unique challenges in automatic extraction of data, fusion of many features, and effective user interfaces. Unlike traditional biometric recognition, where an image is use to search for a potential match, our goal in face searching is to allow users to enter text queries and have the system return the most likely matches. We will further permit refinement of the query and possibly output a 3D model of a generic face matching the query. This effort builds on the team’s recent advances in efficient learning for automated face-feature extraction, indexing and user interfaces leading to the first-ever face-search engine. This effort will expand that prototype, adding features and addressing the critical question of multi- feature fusion, needed to be discriminative in larger databases. It will define a Service- Oriented Architecture for systems integration. The system has already been demonstrated on over 200,000 faces and a few features. The approach is designed for full scalability, and Phase I will take the testing up to millions of faces with more than 30 features computed per face, with adaptive refinement of queries.

SET Associates Corporation
1005 N. Glebe Rd. Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 965-9967
Yang Ran
NAVY 09-155      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Soft Biometrics-based Annotation and Retrieval for Large Scale Face Database
Abstract:We propose to design, develop and evaluate a system for retrieval of face images using natural language-like descriptions. Our approach is largely guided by how humans perceive similarity between faces and incorporates a combination of soft biometric descriptions, local and global feature descriptors and manifold-based similarity measures and machine learning techniques. Using a reasonably-sized training face data set from widely available sources including the web, we design a series of machine learning techniques for annotating the faces using soft biometric features. A much larger face data set containing millions of faces is then annotated using non-Euclidean distance measures defined on face manifolds. Given a new face in an image or a video, we will design techniques for fast and efficient retrieval of similar faces. In Phase I, we will design the modules for automatically annotating a large face data set and a simple interface for retrieving faces similar to the given face. In Phase II, we will scale the approach to handle several millions of faces and demonstrate a prototype for fast matching of faces.

Art Anderson Associates
202 Pacific Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 479-5600
Eric Snyder
NAVY 09-156      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Advanced Breakwater and Causeway Design Concepts
Abstract:The proposed Mobile Port concept, consists primarily of a modular and rapidly deployable Floodable Jetty dissipate the required Pierson-Moskowitz Sea State 5 (SS5) energy, without any additional stabilizing anchors. Within the Jetty’s lee, the Lightweight Modular Causeway System (LMCS) that has been under development by the US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research & Development Center (ERDC) will provide a debarkation platform to shore for the offloading cargo. Finally, the Mobile Port Barge is included, which serves several functions, including a pier-head within the port, as well as a platform for storing the entire system at an intermediate base, a transit platform for towing or pushing the system to the port site, and a platform for maximizing rapid deployment of the Jetty and LMCS.

Navatek Ltd
Suite 1110 841 Bishop Street
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-7001
Todd Peltzer
NAVY 09-156      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Advanced Breakwater and Causeway Design Concepts
Abstract:We propose to develop an advanced breakwater and causeway system for operation in austere ports, with limited or no facilities, that will provide a complete solution to reliably enable the military to supply forces ashore with needed cargo and supplies. A ruggedly- designed breakwater made from high-strength fabrics can yield an area of reduced sea state conditions in which cargo transfer operations can be effective. A lightweight causeway, easily installed within close proximity to shore, will allow the cargo to be transported from the vessel to the shore. This effort will leverage previous experience with multi-body seakeeping analysis tools, nonlinear mechanical system simulation tools, and ongoing efforts involving technologies directly related to breakwater and causeway systems. Characteristic components of the breakwater and causeway will be analyzed to show the feasibility of approach in modeling the entire system; a process for analyzing mooring loads will be assessed and a simple example of a vessel moored to a floating, anchored structure will be performed; initial design details of the breakwater and causeway will be developed, as well as mooring techniques and system installation and removal concepts.

Quantum Engineering Design, Inc.
30487 Peterson Road
Corvallis, OR 97333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 929-2676
Michael Plackett
NAVY 09-156      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Advanced Breakwater and Causeway Design Concepts
Abstract:The QED team’s design approach comprises a rapidly deployable breakwater, causeway and anchoring system. The study focuses on the systems integration of these elements with emphasis on delivery means and installation to meet the 48 hour readiness objective. This study builds on the QED team’s experience designing, fabricating, deploying and testing similar systems over the past fifteen years. The output of the Phase I study includes a defined CONOPS for the total system, conceptual designs of the primary components and procedures for storing, handling, deploying and recovering components at sea and/or from a shore site considering a range of environmental conditions and littoral situations. The conceptual designs will be supported by hydrodynamic and engineering analysis of various system configurations considering extreme environmental conditions and mooring loads. Specific research and evaluation will be conducted on unique materials for components including marine growth resistant elastomer coated fabrics, advanced fabric bonding and module-to-module attachment techniques. The Phase I tasks deliverable items include a CONOPS study report, a preliminary system concept study report and a final study report, each supported by oral presentations. A Phase I option to prepare test plans for Phase II is also included in the proposal.

The Glosten Associates, Inc.
1201 Western Ave. Suite 200
Seattle, WA 98101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 624-7850
Thomas Mathai
NAVY 09-156      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Advanced Breakwater and Causeway Design Concepts
Abstract:The solution envisaged in this proposal is to use a very large floating mat (VLFM) as a floating breakwater. Depending on the elasticity, relative dimensions with respect to wave length and wave angle, a mat exhibits different levels of reflection and transmission. The dimensions, elasticity and wave angle will be optimized in an effective design to achieve the maximum protection in the target wave environment. The VLFM is not intended to act directly as a causeway, but rather as an environmental shield enabling existing causeway designs to operate under its protection thus supporting a layered defense approach. This layered defense approach enables the VLFM to be sacrificial during extreme events and repairable in calmer seas. It is expected to sustain local damage without catastrophic failure of entire system and without significant deterioration in system performance. Being a floating breakwater, it is also less sensitive to water depth and the specified 20 feet tidal fluctuation.

Advanced Acoustic Concepts Incorporated
425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 872-0024
Sebastian Pascarelle
NAVY 09-157      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Handheld Sonar Intercept Receiver for Divers
Abstract:As the use of commercially available diver detection systems becomes more widespread, Navy divers will face a greater risk of being detected while conducting clandestine operations. If a diver is conducting an operation in enemy waters where an active diver detection system is employed, the entire mission can fail and lives can be lost if he is detected. What is needed is a portable system that can detect the active system and provide bearing information to the diver before he is detected. AAC proposes to develop a portable diver acoustic intercept system that can detect high-frequency active emissions, provide bearing, and potentially provide signal strength and frequency information as well. This information will be provided on an intuitive display that will be designed to be as small as possible, with the end goal being a display that leaves the diver’s hands free. The entire system, including high-frequency hydrophones, processing electronics, and power source, will be compact and easy to implement on a diver. Because of the system’s small size, it will readily be applicable to UUVs and SDVs.

Analysis, Design & Diagnostics, Inc.
317 West Forsyth St.
Jacksonville, FL 32202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(904) 475-0094
Gary Donoher
NAVY 09-157      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Handheld Sonar Intercept Receiver for Divers
Abstract:During the Phase I effort the team will collect high frequency real world data to demonstrate auto detection and classification of high frequency emissions using our proven U.S. Navy evaluated acoustic intercept detection and classification technology. Using multiple sensors will also demonstrate our ability to generate a bearing to high frequency emissions. We will leverage previously developed low power processing capabilities and will develop an innovative modular design. These modules will consist of hardware, firmware and software to support integration into a MapTac swimmer navigation system for the Phase II at-sea demonstration. The work in Phase I will support the smooth transition to the Phase II prototype system which will demonstrate our capabilities against a wide variety of threat emissions.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-2719
Jeff Karrels
NAVY 09-157      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Handheld Sonar Intercept Receiver for Divers
Abstract:Navy combat swimmers are vulnerable to intentional or unintentional detection by active Sonar while they are conducting their mission in the littoral environment. The Sonar’s that normally operate in the littoral represent the greatest threat to divers as well as smaller size undersea vehicles like the Swimmer Delivery Vehicle (SDV) and Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV). In order for combat swimmers to avoid detection from these threat Sonar’s they must be equipped with an acoustic intercept receiver that operates with a wide enough frequency range to alert them of a potential threat. It is extremely important that the intercept receiver provide the combat swimmer with a bearing to the active source in order to make an informed decision as to the best direction to move in order to avoid detection. The intercept receiver must be packaged with a minimum size and weight footprint with a minimal power requirement. Ideally it should be integrated into a “Swim Board” like configuration with the intercept detection information overlaying the diver navigation information. So that the swimmer does not have to be distracted from his navigation focus to be alerted to the presence of and bearing to an active Sonar.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Ronald Ghen
NAVY 09-157      Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title:Handheld Sonar Intercept Receiver for Divers
Abstract:Navy divers face ever increasing risk of encountering diver detection sonar systems during missions. With the growing commercial market of diver detection systems there exists a need for portable devices that alert a diver to the presence of high frequency or ultrasonic acoustic transmissions in the vicinity of operation. A unique diver interface to such system must be developed to support the diver operations. To make the system effective, bearing and frequency estimates of the acoustic transmission are provided under a variety of operational scenarios. Both visual and audible warnings provided to the diver will enable real-time adjustments in routes to mitigate the vulnerability risk. Our innovative hand-held receiver packaging approach provides the ability to monitor the system without adding significant hardware to the diver. The operator interface features an intuitive solution that function under extreme in-water situations. Signal Processing must achieve high sensitivity with low false alarm rates, therefore full spectrum; spectral redundant based signal processing techniques need to be considered to enhance detection and bearing estimates within limited space/weight/volume allocations. Progeny’s understanding of the acoustic intercept problem is critical to developing a low false alarm solution to this problem.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Houman Ghajari
NAVY 09-159      Awarded: 3/9/2010
Title:High Efficiency WCDMA Power Amplifier for MUOS Handheld Radio
Abstract:The Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) is an ultra high frequency (UHF) geosynchronous satellite communication (SATCOM) system based on commercial 3G Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) and Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) architecture. A well-known characteristic of MUOS signal is its “notch” in the middle of spectrum, which requires a highly-linear transmitter. Warfighters cannot charge their batteries at regular basis, hence the efficiency of transmitter is also important. To provide a low unit cost, high reliability communication capability for the warfighter, smaller and lighter weight communication devices, with high efficiency and linearity, are essentially needed. To design a highly efficient MUOS handheld transmitter, MaXentric proposes GreenAmp Mini which uses a dynamic supply modulator to provide an adaptive DC power to the power amplifier. The dynamic supply modulator tracks the envelope of the MUOS signal, and provides the appropriate DC supply power according to the envelope signal. Since the DC supply power is changing with the input envelope signal, the overall transmitter will not consume extra DC power in a low output power region. When the MUOS handset is not transmitting, the DC power is not provided to the transmitter, minimizing the power consumption in the system and improving the overall system efficiency, which increases the battery lifetime significantly.

Quantum Dimension
5412 Bolsa Ave, Suite B
Huntington Beach, CA 92649
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 893-6004
Michael Enright
NAVY 09-159      Awarded: 3/15/2010
Title:High Efficiency WCDMA Power Amplifier for MUOS Handheld Radio
Abstract:The MUOS system has a critical need for an efficient power amplifier capable of delivering 8W of RF power with a 2 to 3 dB higher peak-to-average ratio than typical WCDMA. Quantum Dimension’s approach is to provide technology innovation by incorporating cutting-edge RF circuit and system design with advanced digital signal processing. Our approach involves: new transistor technology with increased efficiency, use of Doherty circuit topology, pre-distortion and peak envelope following that dramatically increases efficiency. It minimizes risk and complexity in order to meet challenging efficiency and output power requirements. While other researchers have focused on specific applications of envelope following, we feel that combining our innovative RF design with advanced signal processing more effectively increases power efficiency to meet >50% improvement as required for MUOS. We will study present PA transistor devices for handsets and select the most appropriate technology. Additionally, we develop and model large RF bandwidth methods and simulate Doherty PA structures with peak envelope following and pre-distortion for Class AB and Doherty PA’s. This allows us to quantify fundamental performance and employ system models. Finally, we develop signal and system models with current drain and distortion estimates for Doherty PA with pre-distortion and peak envelope following.

XCom Wireless, Inc.
2815 Junipero Ave #110
Signal Hill, CA 90755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 981-0077
Daniel Hyman
NAVY 09-159      Awarded: 12/17/2009
Title:RF MEMS-Tuned High Efficiency Power Amplifier
Abstract:XCOM Wireless is a small fabless semiconductor and RF MEMS component developer. XCOM focuses on component products for Defense prime contractors and the commercial test and instrumentation communities. This program employs several emerging technologies to substantially improve the efficiency of high-power RF amplifiers, and enable radios to adapt to changing power levels, frequencies, battery conditions, antenna mismatch, and other operational problems. The program objectives are to design and fabricate an RF MEMS circuit that tunes a power amplifier’s output matching circuit. The MEMS are fabricated by the contractor, and the amplifier circuit will be assembled out of high-power discrete transistor and passive components on a compact custom board. Actual hardware can be built and tested at low cost in this Phase I effort because all MEMS and transistor elements have already been designed and, in some cases, already qualified as industrial-grade COTS components. The result of this Phase I will be the first high-power (8 Watt, 280-320 MHz) amplifier that can adapt to changing conditions and perform at a consistently high efficiency regardless of typical operating conditions and output impedance variations.

---------- DARPA ----------

47 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
ELORET
465 S. Mathilda Ave., Suite 100
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 604-3958
Cattien Nguyen
DARPA 09-001      Awarded: 2/10/2010
Title:Nanotechnology-enhanced High-efficient Miniaturized Energy Harvesting Systems
Abstract:Performance of conventional primary and secondary batteries improve at a meager rate every year. Sensors and sensor networks which are advancing through relentless miniaturization effects need uninterrupted power sources in many scenarios. We propose to use a piezoelectric based energy scavenging device to harvest energy from environmental vibrations. Although a handful of structures by a few groups have demonstrated that ZnO nanowires have great promise for energy harvesting devices, the few schemes that have demonstrated the energy harvesting in these nanowires have been mainly laboratory experiments performed with an atomic force microscope top or a fiber coated with the ZnO nanowires on which a pulling force is exerted. The proposed work is very necessary to develop more robust schemes that may easily translate to non- laboratory based packages with miniaturized sensors. Phase I will evaluate piezoelectric properties of nanowires of ZnO, GaN, lithium niobate, and PZT design for embedding the nanowire into a softer host matrix to be able to withstand high strains and design a mechanical to energy coupling mechanism with plans to produce a prototype for Phase II.

Harp Engineering LLC (formerly Sodano Engineering
1716 South Sycamore
Mesa, AZ 85202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 839-1236
Saul Opie
DARPA 09-001      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Ultra-High Energy Density Piezoelectric Nanocomposites for Lightweight Power Harvesting Micro-Systems
Abstract:The proposed phase I research effort will develop a highly efficient MEMS energy harvesters that utilize a novel nanocomposite technology recently developed by Sodano Engineering LLC. Unlike existing piezoelectric nanocomposites, the material proposed here has an electromechanical coupling coefficient higher than the monolithic piezoceramics typically used in MEMS processing. The high coupling is achieved through the use of single crystal PZT nanowires which more effectively couple with the polymer matrix and lead to more than an order of magnitude improvement over existing nanocomposites. This nanocomposite technology will be further developed and will be used to create bimorph power harvesters that capitalize of the fracture toughness of the polymer matrix to offer robustness to damage for use in harsh battlefield conditions. The nanocomposite will also lead to resonators with significantly lower natural frequencies than silicon technologies, which will allow more efficient energy conversion at the frequencies typically available for harvesting. At the conclusion of the phase I effort a micro-scale energy harvester will be produced to demonstrate the system performance. We will seek to commercialize all three technologies developed under this contract, namely the piezoelectric nanowires, the nanocomposites and the energy harvesters to maximize the commercial impact of the work.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Milan Buncick
DARPA 09-002      Awarded: 1/28/2010
Title:Photonic Band Gap Structures for Solar Energy Generation
Abstract:The demand for renewable energy is motivating R&D efforts toward the development of novel photovoltaic (PV) technology. Efficient and low cost solar cells will have an important role in defense applications particularly powering portable electronic devices. Current solar cells based on single crystal silicon are still not at a level to be cost effective when compared to other forms of electrical generation. The path forward is the development of new concepts in both materials and design that enables the fabrication of high-efficiency, cost-effective solar cells. A powerful approach to improving PV efficiency is to concentrate the light in such a way that the density of photons hitting the cell is substantially increased. This can be achieved by fabricating a plasmonic resonance cavity over each cell. The plasmonic structures make use of local field enhancement to concentrate photons at the PV junction. These junctions can then be stacked, as has been demonstrated previously, to convert photons over the full solar spectrum. The wideband PV devices with plasmonic concentrators can be built using thin-film technology, which will provide a low-cost and highly efficient solar energy source. AEgis will model, design, fabricate and test wideband PV devices with plasmonic resonance cavities.

Phoebus Optoelectronics LLC
12 Desbrosses Street
New York, NY 10013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 519-7463
Michael Crouse
DARPA 09-002      Awarded: 2/10/2010
Title:Photonic Band Gap Structures for Solar Energy Generation
Abstract:In Phase I, Phoebus Optoelectronics will assess the feasibility of using the diverse light management capabilities of plasmonic metamaterials in conjunction with functionalized ruthenium polypyridine compounds to create a novel multi-junction dye-sensitized solar cell that rivals the industry-leading efficiencies of vertically-stacked multi-junction cells but exhibits the much cheaper fabrication economics of single-junction thin film cells. The solar cells to be developed will use cavity modes within subwavelength periodic structures to create light "whirlpool" effects that steer and channel different wavelengths of an incident beam into different spatial areas of a single light-absorbing layer. This layer will be pixelated with periodically-arrayed cavities containing tailored ruthenium polypyridine complexes, the action spectra of which are tuned to absorb light of the wavelength that is steered toward those particular cavities. With such a design, it is possible to absorb >80% of an incoming beam across multiple regions of the solar spectrum within a single-layer device.

Imperium, Inc.
5901-F Ammendale Road
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 431-2900
Marvin Lasser
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 1/28/2010
Title:A Multimodel Imaging Device for Diagnosis of Traumatic Brain Injury
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury has been designated the “signature wound” of the Iraq war due to its prevalence. Over 43,000 cases of combat related TBI have been documented from 2003 through 2007. TBI is divided into two categories: primary and secondary. Primary injury in most cases is obvious. Secondary or closed brain injury however may exhibit no external markers and subtle symptoms. Current diagnostic techniques for secondary brain injury include surgical procedures and computed tomography, neither is feasible in a combat environment. Imperium Inc. and Infrascan Inc. together propose a handheld, real time, multimodel imaging device to meet the need for a battlefield imaging device to detect changes in intracranial pressure resulting from TBI. Recent research has identified ocular sonography with measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) as a reliable predictor of increased ICP. Imperium proposes that its ultrasound technology with clarity of imagery and ease of use provides a unique capability for the measurement of ONSD. The efficacy of Infrascan’s NIR technology in detecting intracranial hematomas has been proven in a large scale clinical trial. Imperium proposes to integrate these two proven technologies into a single imaging device to provide a comprehensive diagnostic tool for the field surgeon.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
John Sevick
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:Non-Invasive Ultrasonic Intracranial Pressure Measurement
Abstract:Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability for ages 1 to 44. TBI results in 50,000 deaths, 90,000 survivors suffering permanent neurological disabilities, and $40B in health care costs annually. Insurgents’ use of suicide bombers and IEDs has sharply increased the proportion of TBIs suffered by American troops, making it the “signature wound” in recent conflicts. TBI is difficult to diagnose, treat, and monitor in the field, with no external indication of the internal brain injuries. Rapid detection and treatment of TBI is critical in preventing further damage or death. Computerized axial tomography (CT) is the “gold standard” non-invasive method to determine the degree of cerebral injury, but is not suitable for field. Elevated Intracranial Pressure (ICP), above 20mm HG, is often the most direct, initial result of TBI. However, traditional invasive ICP measurements are also not possible in the field. In conjunction with Virginia Commonwealth University Medical System, Progeny proposes to investigate three non-invasive methods to measure ICP: Ultrasonic image of the optical nerve sheath diameter, Intra-ocular pressure, and a novel ultrasonic sound attenuation technique. Phase I will include prototype data collection system development for deployment in Phase II ICU and ED patient studies.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Jacob Yadegar
DARPA 09-003      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:An Automated Real-time Screening System with Decision-support Capabilities for Swift Traumatic Brain Injury Detection in Military Personnel
Abstract:We propose to develop a portable, ultrasound-based imaging solution for accurate screening and real-time monitoring of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both war and non- combat scenarios. This system will offer reliable and robust on-site analysis using an in- built decision-support framework to efficiently detect TBI in triage situations. Current ultrasound-based techniques detect TBI using a surrogate estimate of elevated intracranial pressure (EICP), i.e., the optical nerve sheath (ONS) diameter measurement with high sensitivity but low specificity. The low specificity limits the metric’s application for reliable screening. As phase I deliverables, we propose i) novel EICP predictors such as ONS pressure, as well as additional auxiliary non-invasive sensing modes for cerebral blood flow and blood oxygen content measurements, ii) novel 3D morphometric analysis of ONS, iii) an automated method for ONSD and ONSP measurement, and iv) a complete software prototype for US image analysis, 3D volume modeling and analysis incorporating i)-iii) above. The decision-support system will improve TBI classification by incorporating accurate on-site measurements that accounts for individual baseline variations and monitors temporal manifestation of TBI. In summary, this knowledge-driven system will equip a novice or a trained DOD medic with an easy-to-use, rapid and automated screening tool to improve TBI prognosis.

Advanced Anti-Terror Technologies Corp. (A2T2)
896 W Minneola Ave Suite 57
Clermont, FL 34711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 373-0433
Martin LaHart
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:The Automated Control of Complex Tasks in Animals
Abstract:The aims and opportunities of our Automated Control Enhancement(ACE) modules are enabling of automated training of complex tasks in animals; innovative new remote tele- presence/robot/canine operational teams; and, ultimately, entirely new classes and types of augmented-reality enhanced canines. Initial canine screening, selection, and early-skill acquisition are most efficiently performed within ACE add-on modules fitted to existing portable containers where the target scent detection and other complex tasks are performed within our tightly controlled environment, with tactile, audio, and video cues in addition to conventional obstacles and realistic search conditions. Automated, repetitive, consistent leading and reinforcement of complex tasks along with automated performance measures drastically reduce the human experts’ participation in hours and costs. ACE add-on modules can also be used in field training and, ultimately, operational scenarios. Existing canine realistic training methods can be augmented with ACE modules, enabling seamless progression to operational scenarios. Specifically envisioned are tele-presence and automated control progressions from within portable containers, to in-the-field conditions, to remote control operational scenarios with robots, and, ultimately, animal- wearable ACE-modules. Beyond our initial focus on canine complex tasks and operational enhancements, we envision reuse of our successful innovations for other species of animals, again progressing from portable structure training, tele-presence remote symbiotic partner(s), and, eventually, animal-wearable, augmented-reality symbiotic enhancements.

MediaBalance, Inc.
800 Northgate Dr.
East Lansing, MI 48823
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 333-0266
Alejandro Terrazas
DARPA 09-004      Awarded: 1/28/2010
Title:Behavioral MANET for the Automated Control of Complex Tasks in Animals
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR is for the testing of a mobile ad hoc networking (MANET) platform to automate the training of animals to perform complex tasks. The technology will reduce the labor involved in training animals using MANETs of embedded devices that can be flexibly configured and monitored via Internet. The technology is built around the principles of behavior engineering. Behavioral sensing, prompting, and reinforcement are uncoupled, conferring many advantages. Humans can act as sensors when automated sensors are not available. Data management and adherence to reinforcement schedules are made easier through automation. New sensors are easily added to the MANET. The project begins with technology previously designed for human behavior modification and is led by a PI who is a neural psychologist with deep experience in advanced technology development, behavioral training of animals, and the brain-behavior basis of learning and memory. The Phase I experimental plan is to (a) built and test prototypes, (b) test reliability and system operability in a setting approximating intended use, and (c) conduct experiments with n=3 rats. Phase II will expand upon Phase I by validating a wider variety of MANET devices and tasks with a larger set of animal subjects and species.

Traclabs, Inc.
100 Northeast Loop 410 Suite 520
San Antonio, TX 78216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 461-7884
Robert Burridge
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 2/10/2010
Title:Visually Guided Robotic Hand / Eye Coordination
Abstract:There are many mundane tasks that humans – even children – perform easily, yet are unattainable by current robotic systems. These include dexterous manipulation in unstructured environments, where the exact location and characteristics of the objects are not known a priori, such as picking fruit or doing dishes. Recent years have seen many advances in both robotic manipulation and machine vision. Robots pick-and-place electronic components faster than the eye can see, and vision systems routinely inspect products hundreds of times per minute. Despite this, robotic and vision systems remain highly specialized in tightly controlled environments. We need a way to integrate these separate capabilities into a single closed-loop system. We will produce dexterous hand- eye coordination by focusing on four major subsystems: A vision system capable of identifying and localizing target objects in real-time, a hand capable of manipulating the objects, an arm capable of positioning the hand to the desired location, and a control system able to coordinate the other systems. TRACLabs has experience with all four of these areas, and is capable of integrating them into a unified system. In fact, TRACLabs scientists have already done this for NASA’s humanoid Robonaut to perform tool-use tasks similar to those in the solicitation.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Niyant Krishnamurthi
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 1/5/2010
Title:Design for Dexterity
Abstract:The intelligence and the adaptability to perform unexpected tasks with minimal training will be the key to robotic systems in the future. Improving machine intelligence will require a versatile and powerful sub system for controlling the manipulators. The intelligent control of the robotic arm cannot be designed for a narrow spectrum of tasks. The system architecture should allow complex tasks to be incrementally built upon the existing system. Innovation in both the robotic hardware and the planning algorithms will be required in next generation robotic manipulators capable of adapting to changing environments. In this project UtopiaCompression (UC) with our collaborators will design a humanoid robotic hand manipulator capable of both fine and coarse control. The robotic hand design is drawn from the synergistic biomechanics of the human hand. The multi- objective motion planning also imitates the human capability of concurrent task execution. The control architecture software will be layered with a clear abstraction between the task level intelligence and algorithms specific to the control of the arm-hand system. The design philosophy is to allow the system to be flexible to support the different requirements of real world tasks.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 500
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Andreas Hofmann
DARPA 09-005      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Visually Guided Robotic Hand / Eye Coordination
Abstract:The term “robot,” coined by Karel Capek in the play R.U.R., implies “compulsory labor,” yet most mobile robots in existence today are only capable of the lightest of labor. Of course, a robot is just a pile of parts without the advanced perception, planning, and control systems needed to make it perform useful work reliably in an unstructured environment. When done correctly, however, it will yield the “Universal Worker” that Capek envisioned 90 years ago. The need for such a universal worker robot is compelling and the opportunities for application of the technology are endless, from exploring and manipulating hazardous environments to sorting inventory, or eventually even construction. Vecna proposes a prototype robotic system based on numerous innovations from ongoing research in hydraulics, perception, planning and controls that will be able to adequately perform the specified tasks (type, drum, juggle, use tools, and thread a needle). The hypothesis to be tested is that a hydraulics-based robotic system can achieve the strength, dexterity, maneuverability, speed, and precision that are called for in this solicitation when integrated with an advanced robotic vision and planning control system.

AltaSim Technologies, LLC
130 East Wilson Bridge Road
Worthington, OH 43085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 861-7015
Jeffrey Crompton
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Digital Analysis Computing Software Solutions for the Supply Chain
Abstract:Electrical circuit designers at Tier 2-4 suppliers to the Department of Defense (DoD) are currently using desktop computing to design their products. To improve the circuit design in the DoD supply chain, designers will need to be able to analyze their circuits with High Performance Computing resources. Designers seeking to innovate their circuits must have access to HPC facilities that maintain circuit analysis software written for HPC architecture. In addition, this access must be simple, convenient, and have a low total cost to the meet the needs of design engineers at Tier 2-4 suppliers. This work will demonstrate the technical and market feasibility of circuit analysis on HPC by combining existing circuit analysis software written for HPC resources and a new portal for access these resources.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Digital Analysis Computing Software Solutions for the Supply Chain
Abstract:Harmonia addresses challenge area 3 in DARPA Phase I SBIR topic DARPA 09-006, Digital Analysis Computing Software (DACS) Solutions for the Supply Chain: software application distribution solutions. Harmonia is proposing to accelerate a fundamental historical transformation in the way the world does science and engineering through CognitiveCodeBook. We propose the application of cognitive computing in a new way to reduce the barriers of tier 2 and 3 suppliers to use high performance computing and DACS. We seek to transform what is now a slow, human-to-human process of information transfer when writing or using DACS codes to a human-to-machine process. The work is done in partnership with supercomputing centers so that CognitiveCodeBook can be tailored to the needs of developers and users. The state of the art today is for the people involved to (1) take the time locate the necessary information through some combination of people and electronic resources, and (2) manually create the needed configurations to create or use DACS. Our goal is to cut the time for both steps by 50% by letting CognitiveCodeBook synthesize and maintain configurations.

Nimbis Services Inc.
1616 Anderson Road, Suite 100
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 286-0770
Jaroslav Flidr
DARPA 09-006      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Software Portal Hosting, Distribution & Brokerage Service
Abstract:Nimbis Services Inc. proposes to provide a software portal hosting, distribution and access infrastructure integrated with Nimbis Services’s current brokerage service that will broaden the use of digital analysis computing or model based simulation by tier 2-4 supply chain manufacturers. The goal is to encourage the development of new model based simulations applications and domain specific portals by entrepreneurs and increase accessibility/use of this new infrastructure capability by supply chain users. This will be accomplished by providing a new commercial service capability built on Nimbis Services existing core brokerage technology with a user supportive environment for hosting domain specific portals, developing/hosting emerging model based simulation applications, and e-commerce distribution system with a special focus on underserved periodic and experimental industry user communities.

Bashpole, Inc.
541 S. 27th St.
Philadelphia, PA 19146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 760-1613
Benjamin Ashpole
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 1/27/2010
Title:Mashalator
Abstract:Several concerns currently inflate the time and cost of integrating heterogeneous data resources and impose a barrier to superior knowledge of the urban battlespace: global data standards cannot be imposed across all enterprises’ schemas, specialized expertise is required to map new data sources into existing ontologies, and some data resources are not intranet accessible by default. In this Phase I SBIR project for DARPA, Bashpole Inc. will design and demonstrate the feasibility of Mashalator, a database translator appliance for integrated exploitation. Mashalator will enable administrators to incorporate new data resources onto enterprise networks in a tenth of the time normally required for setting up database translators and provide relatively untrained personnel with a no- coding process to create queries that derive actionable intelligence for urban spaces. This will be achieved with highly automated mapping, bounded mapping effort, bounded answer scope, and bounded answer quality on a physical device with a software system that can be attached to fielded machines. In Phase I, Bashpole will investigate viability and design approaches of the proposed exploitation technology, validate the design through experimentation in the laboratory with real data, and evaluate potential benefts.

Next Generation Software
52 Strawtown Road
New City, NY 10956
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 633-3766
Len Yabloko
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Database Translator (DATALATOR) for Integrated Exploitation
Abstract:Proposed is a method and technology for implementing core functions of Database Translator (DATALATOR) for Integrated Exploitation in dynamic context of the urban warfighter. The focus is on providing tangible means for data users to be directly involved in meeting their operational objectives. The proposed innovative method of information integration automates dicovery of semantic model that best represents the intended use of data in the data source. This is achieved by presenting a user with hypotetical process reflected in the flow of data. Each hypothesis is based on a possible chain of events. The offeror presents a prof-of-concept (TRL 3) implementation and preliminary empirical resuts in support of the proposed method. This followed by suggested conceptual architecture for DATALATOR and a desing of experimental prototype (TRL 4) to be built during Phase I – from publically available components. Finnnaly, a detailed set of experiments is proposed for rigorous quantitative evaluation of the prototype during Phase I – base on data and benchamarks obtained from a recent study of analogous experimental prototype in major US university, as well as more comprehensive empirical evaluation designed and conducted jointly with major Canadian university.

Pragati Synergetic Research, Inc.
914 Liberty Ct.
Cupertino, CA 95014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 625-0274
Mala Mehrotra
DARPA 09-007      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:Expoze-DATALATOR for Integrated Exploitation of Data
Abstract:In this project, we will develop an infrastructure, Expozé-DATALATOR, by extending our existing Expozé tool suite for discovery of mapping relationships. In addition, in order to realize our goals for building effective transformation routines for the Expozé-discovered mappings, we will utilize the fuselet development support environment of Apollo – a Rome Labs-developed JBI (Joint Battlespace Infosphere) reference implementation to test emerging integration technologies for dynamic air operations planning and scheduling. We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of crafting mapping ontologies as an abstract layer over JBI information object types through Expozé-DATALATOR’s framework. The proposed mappings will be authored in a high-level language such as OWL/CL and will unfold as XSLT-based transformations underneath the hood. We will also provide a graphical front-end for authoring the complex relationships such that the information transformation components of the JBI can be made much more generic and reusable. These components will be useful for composition into information transformation modules that operate over various relationships from several datasets, thus obviating the need to hard code the mappings into each and every transformation program. Intelligence operations can thus utilize the relationships-based information generated by Expozé- DATALATOR to compare the expected effects of ongoing operations with the actual effects observed during operations so that commanders can reorient and adapt their future actions quickly. We will utilize Apollo’s benchmarks to test out the efficacy of our joint technologies.

Camgian Microsystems Corporation
2500 Maitland Center Parkway Suite 203
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 660-9900
Lief Sorensen
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 1/20/2010
Title:Integrated UGS and UAV Networks for Enabling Persistent ISR
Abstract:In today’s asymmetric warfare, the warfighter relies on technological advantages to enable them to identify, track and monitor targets of interest, to distinguish between combatants and non-combatants, and to do this in rugged and isolated areas. There is a need for both long term surveillance of chokepoints, caves, and critical infrastructure, as well as short term tracking and validation of targets. Existing UGS systems can provide the long term surveillance but have limited detection/monitoring range. UAVs can provide tracking and improved look angles at targets, but have very limited mission lifespans. This program seeks to push the limits of state-of-the-art, demonstrating the ability to provide a multi-tiered sensor system that: • Uses UGS to initially detect suspects; • Communicates the key features of the target (e.g., size, position, direction and rate of travel) to a remote UAV base (or loitering UAV that might be covering a broad area); • Vectors a UAV to the target’s location, where the UAV acquires potential targets and discriminates targets based on the information from the UGS system to support a robust target re-acquisition.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Barry Jones
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 1/20/2010
Title:Integrated UGS and UAV Networks for Enabling Persistent ISR
Abstract:McQ Inc. is a leading provider of high performance, advanced technology unattended ground sensor (UGS) systems. Our research spans two decades of investigating technologies suitable for automatically detecting, classifying, identifying, imaging, and tracking targets in remote regions. In this SBIR project, we will develop an UGS system specifically tailored for integration with existing and planned UAV ISR systems. Our investigations will lay the groundwork for the engineering that leads to a fully functional and operational prototype system. The UGS system will be integrated to and demonstrated with a UAV imaging system. The program will demonstrate the ability of the integrated systems to effectively detect, classify, identify, image and track targets within the airborne imagery using UGS systems with very long life (years).

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-9725
Juan Vasquez
DARPA 09-008      Awarded: 2/8/2010
Title:Network Centric Tracking for Integrated UGS and UAV Networks
Abstract:The use of unmanned assets both on the ground and in the air are proving effective as semi-autonomous ISR platforms. While unmanned ground systems (UGSs) can provide stable, close-in, and persistent capabilities, unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) provide flexibility for wide area search missions and geometrically diverse viewing angles for the sensors. The primary focus of this proposed research is to harness the relative strengths of these assets in a networked ISR configuration for the purpose of persistent wide area surveillance to include tracking and imagery support for human analysts. A system will be developed to incorporate sensor imagery into the navigation solution for the UAV through precise geolocation methods leading to more accurate 3D track data. Numerica's extensive experience with network-centric tracking and 3D feature aiding will be leveraged to develop a robust tracking solution. The Phase I effort will culminate in a demonstration and proof of concept of the above items using a high-fidelity simulation environment. Furthermore, a development path will be presented that will lead to a hardware implementation for the proof of concept with real sensors and data in Phase II.

AventuSoft L.L.C.
8995 Chambers Street
Tamarac, FL 33321
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 871-6567
Agustin Roca
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 1/11/2010
Title:Acoustic Source Separation and Localization
Abstract:The Phase I research project will develop a bio-inspired acoustic source separation, localization and tracking algorithm called PreservEar. Separation of speech signals from an auditory scene, often referred to as the cocktail party problem, has been studied for decades. Current source separation solutions suffer from six major problems: (1) source localization and tracking is not very robust; (2) intensive signal processing needs; (3) many separation methods require at least as many sensors as sources; (4) many require the number of signals within the recorded mixtures be known in advance; (5) do not perform real-time under real life conditions well; (6) large power consumption needs. This limits their deployment on small embedded devices. The intellectual merits of PreservEar are that it addresses these issues by providing a solution that fuses novel computational auditory scene analysis algorithm with robust localization-tracking developed with singular focus of having a single package solution that is effective, compact, light, practical and easy to use. System developed will have low memory, low computational and low power need; use only two microphones, and run in real-time on off-the shelf devices like Bluetooth headsets. Continued objective is to also use device for hearing loss restoration and hearing loss prevention.

Cole Engineering Services, Inc.
3361 Rouse Rd. Suite 215
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 384-9956
Rich Gombos
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 1/6/2010
Title:Acoustic Source Separation and Localization
Abstract:This is a proposal to determine the technical feasibility of a system capable of separating and localizing intermixed sounds in an auditory scene. Our approach will be to design and develop a computational auditory model that overcomes the inherent theoretical limits of the classic Fourier-based model. Phase I effort will produce a requirements specification and design documentation for the lower two levels of a five level computational auditory model, and include source code for the system components that we make operational. The (five level) objective system consists of the implementation of a real-time model capable of waveform analysis analogous to that of the human ear. We call it the Waveform Information Vector (WIV) to Time-Space Translator, or “ WIVEX” processor. Preliminary experiments have demonstrated the feasibility of parts of the model to encode and extract, in real time, meaningful information directly from the signal waveform. For example it can separate environmental sounds of all kinds, including speech, while determining their individual direction of arrival. Our Phase I research objectives are to: formalize the requirements and design specifications for a real-time system, through analysis, design and prototyping of components. Phase I will conclude with the delivery of necessary artifacts and demonstration of specific auditory functions (see Table 1) that are not now and probably never will be achievable with Fourier-based technology. All demonstrations are intended to run in real time, synchronously with the input signal. Table 1: Phase I Auditory Functions 1) Pitch detection in both speech and music, or any other tonal acoustic source 2) Instantaneous direction of arrival used to separate sound sources via binaural perception 3) Instantaneous monaural separation of sources by recognizing patterns in waveshape zero intervals 4) Phonetic segmentation of speech and environmental sources by pattern similarities 5) Meaningful labeling of waveshape components 6) Replication of psychoacoustic experiments in two-tone interference not explainable in current auditory theory 7) Demonstration of autonomic source selection according to attention priority from background of mixed signal sources Collectively, successful completion of these tasks should go a long way toward confirming the technical feasibility of the WIVEX as the basis of a more relevant auditory model. As such, this could produce a compelling theory for understanding the biophysical functions in the auditory pathways of not just humans but the entire animal kingdom. It will be shown that the operational functions and processing components of this model are analogous to neurological capabilities and merely require fundamental algorithms and mathematical computations. The proposed model is somewhat analogous to the auditory system of the animal kingdom in that it is built as an evolutionary hierarchy of processing levels that begin at a low level by extracting primitive meaning such as direction of arrival, amplitude, and encoded simple waveshape features. It then progresses upward in five stages of cognitive perception and culminates in complex aspects of human linguistic and emotional communication. These individual functions will be carried out in real time,

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kevin Degrood
DARPA 09-009      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Acoustic Technology for Localization and Active Separation of Sources
Abstract:To address DARPA’s interest in sensors and controls that can separate and locate intermixed sounds in an auditory scene, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Acoustic Technology for Localization and Active Separation of Sources (ATLASS). This proposed device is based on clustering of extracted feature vectors. The innovation in concatenating complementary signal processing algorithms will enable the device to separate and localize individual acoustic sources from a complex scene. As a result, this device offers highly selective signal extraction and location determination in real time, which directly address the DARPA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ATLASS by building and testing a prototype that can discern separate voices among a mixture of sounds and deliver proposed system requirements and design documentation, along with the firmware source code. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an enhanced prototype that meets specific CONOPS requirements.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 396-6352
Philip Johnson
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 1/29/2010
Title:Integrated Photovoltaic Energy Scavenging and Storage System
Abstract:The majority of modern portable, wireless electrical devices are powered by batteries; when the batteries are depleted they must be replaced or recharged, which is a problem when the system operates in remote areas or an enemy's region. The capability to scavenge energy from the environment to recharge batteries and/or directly power electronics is essential to increase system lifetime and utility. Solar radiation is the most abundant and highest power source for scavenging, but is completely absent at night. Consequently, alternative power system designs are needed which supplement solar based scavengers with complementary techniques minimizing impact on system size and weight. Aurora proposes to develop an integrated energy scavenging and storage system which utilizes: 1) triple junction solar cells for highly efficient solar energy scavenging, 2) advanced infrared photovoltaics for night time thermal energy scavenging, and 3) thin film lithium cell technology to produce a power dense storage system. These component technologies will be stacked in a layered fashion and integrated with the system structure to provide additional weight savings and footprint reduction. The proposed system has the capability to produce as much as 30 mW/cm2 from incident solar radiation and convert thermal radiation at efficiencies as high as 3%.

Banpil Photonics, Inc.
2953 Bunker Hill Lane Suite 400
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 282-3628
Achyut Dutta
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 2/8/2010
Title:Day Night Energy Harvesting Devices
Abstract:Intellectual Merits: This small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop innovative energy harvesting device capable to scavenge energy from environment radiations (light), covering wavelengths from 0.3 to 14.0 micrometer for numerous military and commercial applications. The device has the harvesting efficiency of more than 30% for daylight and >25 % for the radiations covering from 3 to 14 micrometer. All day and night energy harvesting devices are required as an alternate power supplies for various remotely located sensing system, unmanned aircraft, distributed wireless network system, ground-based warning and monitoring system to power the systems directly and/or to recharge the batteries, when necessary. To date several techniques for energy harvesting are being used and they are mainly based on vibration, electromagnetic, electrostatic etc. However, these techniques are location dependencies and none of these techniques could provide enough energy to operate system mentioned. Today’s solar cell can be used as the energy harvester; however, they are only harvest when the daylight is present. In addition, today solar cell is not also high efficient, so that it requires more area to achieve make high power. A goal in Phase-I program is to carry on research and development of proposed energy harvesting device, capable to continuously scavenge energy from environment all day and night to power and/or recharge the battery. Banpil will demonstrate: by (a) identifying and carrying out the conceptual design, modeling and simulation of the proposed energy harvesting device, and also nano-structured harvesting device as the risk mitigate, (b) design and simulation of the process for fabricating harvesting device, and (c) design analyses of the harvesting device to achieve target performance at 300K in Phase-I. Recognizing the vast application potential of Banpil’s harvesting device, several DoD Agencies and industrial partners have expressed strong interest in using and commercializing this technology. In Phase II, Banpil will work DoD for specific aplication and also with several leading system companies who expressed strong interest on proposed energy harvestign device, as a part of commercialization of the harvesting device technology.

CoolCAD Electronics
7101 Poplar Avenue
Takoma Park, MD 20912
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 432-6535
Michael Holloway
DARPA 09-010      Awarded: 2/19/2010
Title:Modeling, Design and Development of Micrometer Wave Energy Harvester Using Rectenna Arrays
Abstract:We propose to directly harvest energy from infrared (3-14microns) radiation sources using micro-antennas coupled to rectifying diodes and storage capacitors. The antenna receives infrared electromagnetic radiation and the rectifier converts it to direct current which is then stored. Large numbers of these rectennas connected in a conformal, light- weight array should be able to harvest energy sufficient to help power complete systems such as UAVs. In the Phase I effort, we will model, design and begin fabricating a single rectenna, as well as model an entire group of these rectennas integrated into an infrared focal plane array. Modeling will include solving Maxwell’s equations for micro-antenna design and simulating electron transport in tunneling diodes through numerical solution of the Schrodinger and Poisson equations. We will develop compact rectenna models for input into circuit simulators to analyze rectenna based sub-circuits and the entire energy harvester array. The developed design tools will be used to maximize energy absorption and facilitate impedance transformation to extract higher antenna voltages and thereby optimize rectification. We will also prototype scaled models of the rectenna array and fabricate experimental rectenna test structures. This will lead to more robust rectenna designs and fabrication techniques for implementation in Phase II.

Aneeve
22207 Linda Drive
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 874-3024
Chongwu Zhou
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 1/5/2010
Title:Nanowire-based High Linearity RF Amplifiers
Abstract:adfaf

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Andrew Milder
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 12/30/2009
Title:Novel Highly-Linear Imprint Nanowire FET
Abstract:Nanohmics proposes to design a nanowire-based FET (NWFET) around an advanced nanolithographic imprint methodology which will lead to a scalable and economically competitive manufacturing process. The NWFET will consist of Si nanowires etched from an epitaxially deposited single crystal layer of Si, followed by silicon dioxide dielectric, then the gate, source, and drain structures. As opposed to other construction methodologies, this device will employ a very high density of current carrying nanowires for increased power density and reduced bias voltage requirements. Advanced modeling techniques will be used to optimize the linearity, power consumption, and bandwidth.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10435 Burnet Rd., Suite 108
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Maggie Chen
DARPA 09-011      Awarded: 1/5/2010
Title:Ge Nanowire-based High Linearity RF Amplifiers
Abstract:In response to the DARPA SBIR solicitation, Omega Optics Inc. will collaborate with professors Emanuel Tutuc and Sanjay Banerjee at the University of Texas at Austin developing the Ge-SixGe1-x core-shell nanowire based high linearity FETs, which is important to emerging DoD-critical applications such as wide-dynamic-range phase array radar or remote sensor network. Compared with homogeneous Si or Ge nanowires, transparent (negative Schottky) contacts are formed to the conduction channel and the dopant scattering is eliminated. Furthermore, core-shell Ge–Si NWs provide a higher mobility one-dimensional hole gas compared to Si NWs. In addition, core/shell NWs offer an attractive platform for FET fabrication with high-k dielectrics, as the Si-containing shell serves as a passivation layer for the high-k dielectric deposition. It is well known that the RF performance (such as device current and ON/OFF ratio) of NW FETs with undoped S/D is significantly limited by the contact and series resistances. We propose Ge-SixGe1- x core-shell NWFET with highly doped S/D with improved RF performance, Our preliminary results show two orders of magnitude higher current compared to NW FETs with nominally undoped S/D, as well as an improved ON/OFF current ratio and noise figure (NF).

Cyan Systems
3718 Barcelona Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 453-0582
John Caulfield
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Multispectral Super-Resolution Sensor Technology
Abstract:The Multispectral Super-Resolution Sensor Technology (MSST) FPA is the centerpiece for a potentially revolutionary technical break-through required in the successful development of simultaneous sensing in 3-5 bands with improved FPA formats goals of achieving resolutions of greater than 10,000 x 10,000 pixels. The MSST’s innovative technology will attempt breakthroughs to a high sensitivity super-resolved detectors with multispectral resolution in SWIR- MWIR- LWIR band detectors. Using a biologically inspired architecture for MSST, we plan to demonstrate enhanced NEP, improved resolution, on FPA target extraction, and agile spectral processing.

Nova Research, Inc. DBA Nova Sensors
320 Alisal Road, Suite 104
Solvang, CA 93463
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 693-9600
Mark Massie
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 1/26/2010
Title:Super Resolution Focal Plane Array
Abstract:Nova Sensors developed the world’s first foveating focal plane array (FPA) in 2002 under sponsorship from the Air Force Research Laboratory. At least ten SBIR contracts have contributed to the development of a variety of these devices which are now being implemented in demonstration camera systems. The first device was a 32 x 32 pixel visible test imager; today Nova has demonstrated a fully-functioning camera system utilizing a 1024 x 1024 pixel midwave infrared (MWIR) cryogenically cooled “Variable Acuity Superpixel Imaging” (VASI™) FPA. We are currently developing a 2K x 2K dual band version. We believe Nova’s patent (US patent #7408572) covers the first, genuine conception and implementation of a multi-foveating image sensor that performs real-time bandwidth reduction of image data. This SBIR effort is in the true spirit of continuing to extend the range of applications of foveating image sensor technology. Multispectral capabilities combined with super resolution features inspired from biological sensor counterparts form the basis for the operation of the proposed sensor. Nova’s close association with industry partners gives our team significant capability and operational flexibility.

Solid State Scientific Corporation
27-2 Wright Road
Hollis, NH 03049
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 598-1194
James Murguia
DARPA 09-012      Awarded: 1/11/2010
Title:Super Resolution Focal Plane Array
Abstract:Solid State Scientific Corporation (SSSC) is pleased to propose a Phase I SBIR program to develop a unique high resolution imaging sensor prototype that leverages super-resolution processing. The proposed sensor will be lightweight, portable, and low-power with high pixel resolution. The unique optical system, which is approximately 2 cubic centimeters in volume, will support real time frame rates as high as 24-30 Hz. with no moving parts. The sensor system will weigh approximately 0.5 Kg and dissipate approximately 20 watts.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Transmit-Receive Extremely Low Frequency to Very Low Frequency Directional Antenna System
Abstract:To address the DARPA need for a small low electromagnetic frequency directional antenna, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Transmit-Receive extremely low frequency– very low frequency (ELF-VLF) Directional Antenna (TREDA). This proposed device is based on a compact resonant two-way antenna and an atmospheric plasma waveguide. The use of a highly directional waveguide will enable the TREDA system to provide directionality of over 50 dBi with single-frequency operation at frequencies from 1 Hz - 100 kHz resulting in a narrow beamwidth of 0.1 m on the ground at 100 m standoff. The system’s resonant antenna provide transmit and receive capability in the ELF-VLF bands in a compact (~0.5 m in any direction) device. As a result, the TREDA system directly meets DARPA needs for a low-frequency antenna system for detection (and also generation) of telluric currents to detect potential threats concealed in underground tunnels and facilities from airborne platforms. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of TREDA by assembling and testing a proof-of-concept prototype of the TREDA system. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype and test plan, and will demonstrate functionality of the TREDA system to DARPA personnel.

Q-Track Corporation
3414 Governors Drive, Suite Q
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-0075
Hans Schantz
DARPA 09-013      Awarded: 12/22/2009
Title:Multipole Synthesis of Directive, Electrically Small Antennas
Abstract:Q-Track Corporation will develop a multipole synthesis procedure for designing directive, electrically small antennas (ESAs). Starting from a desired pattern function, this procedure will enable Q-Track to derive an appropriate configuration of dipole, quadrupole, octopole, and higher order antenna moments to approximate the desired ESA pattern function. Q-Track will explore the design space to evaluate the tradeoff between increased directivity and decreased efficiency, taking into account the practicality of realizing particular mutlipole configurations and the expected losses in real-world configurations. Q-Track will combine analytical analysis of multipole field superposition, numerical modeling of candidate designs, prototyping of promising candidates, and characterization of gain and matching. This will allow us to validate our multipole synthesis procedure, reducing technical risk and increasing the likelihood of a successful outcome. Q-Track anticipates being able to deliver a working prototype from our multipole synthesis technique by the end of Phase I.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-0077
JAY STOCKLEY
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 2/2/2010
Title:Development of New Adaptive Polymer Lenses
Abstract:Boulder Nonlinear Systems proposes to develop significantly improved adaptive polymer lenses (APLs) for use in a variety of imaging systems. APLs will be fabricated and characterized for focal length and optical properties. Electro-mechanical actuators will be investigated. An optical zoom system using the APLs developed on this contract will also be designed and included as part of the final report.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6359
Homayoon Ansari
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 1/26/2010
Title:Pressure-Actuated Elastomer Lens with Highly Tunable Focal Length
Abstract:This research will advance the state-of-the art technology in tunable-focal-length lenses for the visible spectrum and the mid IR wavelengths, by utilizing the unique optical and mechanical properties of polymers, which otherwise are not exploitable by alternative approaches such as electrowetting. We will combine our extensive polymer and optics expertise to identify candidate elastomers, analyze the structural, geometric-optical, and chromatic dispersive characteristics of continuously tunable lenses based on shape change of elastomers under applied pressure, and provide candidate designs of imaging systems with rapid auto-focus and high zoom ratio based on adaptive polymer lenses.

KBN Optics
15 Wind Tree Circle
Pittsford, NY 14534
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 748-0959
Jerry Kuper
DARPA 09-014      Awarded: 2/8/2010
Title:Nonlinear Properties of Adaptive Polymer Lens Materials
Abstract:KBN Optics will investigate the nonlinear and chromatic properties of adaptive polymer lens materials. These studies will be directed toward identifying materials that can be incorporated in the next generation riflescope design, which can provide automated focusing and optical limiting capability.

Galt LLC
6075 Jackson Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 929-3214
Subhashree Ramadoss
DARPA 09-015      Awarded: 2/11/2010
Title:Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Detection
Abstract:The challenge of highly specific long-range detection of special nuclear materials (SNM) requires the development of alternative technologies to those typically deployed in the nuclear radiation detection field. We propose to quantify the feasibility of one such alternative during the Phase I research. Specifically, in order to detect SNM with greater than 95 % probability and to control the false positive rate (Pf < 0.01 %), we will design a radar system based on the cm-wave electromagnetic radiation. We will concentrate our efforts on an indirect measure of the presence of the radioactive materials; namely, on the secondary ionization that surrounds the package, most notably in the air. In order to minimize the power requirements of the system, our calculations indicate that one should employ a synchronous microwave pulse (among other potential solutions) to stimulate the electron concentration in ionization region surrounding the SNM. Since the method is relatively untested for the particular ionizing radiation source targeted, the work will focus on accurately simulating: (a) the impact of SNM on its surrounding environment, focusing on the induced ionization due to neutron and gamma-ray interactions in the surrounding air, (b) the impact that the resulting ionization has on propagating electromagnetic waves, and (c) the optimal means to identify the particular isotopic composition of the package from the back-scattered radar pulse. These simulated results will then be used to assess the performance of the system in terms of the detection power and specificity of the system response.

LightLIne Technologies, Inc.
254 Marked Tree Rd.
Needham, MA 02492
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 400-1479
Steven Lis
DARPA 09-015      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Detection
Abstract:Nuclear Weapons, or Special Nuclear Materials (SNM) which can be used in fabricating nuclear weapons, are difficult to detect, can be transported in conventional shipping containers, and represent a serious security threat in the hands of terrorists. The detection of SNM is currently accomplished, some say inadequately, by expensive nuclear radiation particle counters that must operate in close proximity and slow down commercial traffic. A long range (>5 km) detection system is proposed that operates on new principles. Based on the effects that nuclear radiation has on the surrounding air, a layered combination of passive and active sensing means can observe signature trace components that can be used to locate hidden SNM and weapons. By remotely observing specific atmospheric components having limited lifetimes, the effect of radiation is naturally integrated in the surrounding air, making detection possible using methods adapted from current atmospheric research efforts. The Phase I program will quantitatively examine the potential for successful detection with a low false alarm rate in a layered detection system architecture that incorporates multiple diverse technical solutions. The Phase II effort will subject a breadboard system to experimental tests that validate the potential of the proposed approach for realistic detection scenarios.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Wondwosen Mengesha
DARPA 09-015      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Sensor for Identification of Distant Nuclear Materials
Abstract:To address the DARPA’s need for Special Nuclear Material (SNM) detection, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Sensor for Identification of Distant Nuclear Materials (SID-NUM). This proposed system is based on a multilayer approach using radio wave signal reflection from low-density plasma created through ionization of air by gamma rays from SNM. The innovation in the use of pulsed broadband radio waves that reflect from low-density plasma mass will enable the SID-NUM to accurately and effectively detect SNMs at distance greater than 5 km (never before achieved) and with high degree of accuracy. As a result, this SID-NUM system offers detection of SNM with a high degree of confidence (greater than 95%) and low false alarm rate (less than 0.01%), which directly addresses the DARPA requirements. In Phase I POC will develop and investigate the specific approach, and assemble a TRL 2-3 prototype to demonstrate its technical feasibility. In Phase II, POC will continue design improvement, experimentation, and test analyses on all the relevant and untested phenomenology, and assemble and demonstrate a TRL 4-5 prototype for 5 km detection range capability.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-0249
Javier Luis
DARPA 09-016      Awarded: 2/11/2010
Title:Micro-sized Microwave Atmospheric Satellite Cluster (MicroMAS)
Abstract:CubeSats have emerged as a de-facto platform for small, low cost satellites. There is an ever growing list of COTS suppliers for CubeSat compatible systems, and numerous launch opportunities due to the development of the PPOD launcher which now flies as part of many expendable launch vehicles and even the Space Shuttle. In spite of this, CubeSats applications are limited by the small size, volume, and power available on any single satellite. We propose to overcome these limitations by developing a networked, fractionated CubeSat architecture where the resources of multiple CubeSats are combined to accomplish a scientific objective. Further, we propose to demonstrate this architecture through the design, development, fabrication, and flight of a Micro-sized Microwave Atmospheric Satellite Cluster (MicroMAS) to provide unique observations of hurricane dynamics while also demonstrating a transformative satellite architecture supporting a wide range of missions, including weather prediction, communication, and astronomy. This cluster consists of two elements: The first element, a 3U CubeSat spacecraft, will spin an 8-channel 118-GHz passive microwave spectrometer at 1 Hz so that it cross-track scans through nadir to produce ~10-km resolution spectral images at nadir. The second element, another CubeSat, provides data processing and communication to ground stations.

ESPACE INC
30 Lynn Avenue
Hull, MA 02045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 925-3893
François Martel
DARPA 09-016      Awarded: 12/28/2009
Title:Networked Cubesat RF Sparse Array System
Abstract:We propose to design, develop, build and fly the elements of an orbiting large-baseline sparse array antenna system (RFSAS) using a cluster of cubesats. RFSAS will function effectively as an antenna with aperture adjustable from several meters to tens of kilometers, providing a range of sensing performances that cannot be achieved on a single spacecraft, and is very costly to deploy with traditional spacecraft technologies. RFSAS will open new capabilities for earth monitoring and space observations, with applications in: solar physics and geophysics; imaging of solar activity and coronal mass ejections in the low frequency range below the atmospheric cut-off; space weather monitoring and warning; and precise localization of RF sources and bursts on earth and in space. RFSAS antenna elements and array processing capabilities are distributed between cubesats. A prototype set of cubesats designed for a specific RFSAS application and their ground system will be prepared for launch and operations, to test and demonstrate the RFSAS system capabilities. High performance space-based sparse array antennas can then be assembled by multiplying low-cost copies of the prototype cubesat elements.

Pumpkin, Inc.
750 Naples Street
San Francisco, CA 94112
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 584-6360
Andrew Kalman
DARPA 09-016      Awarded: 3/15/2010
Title:Agile, Adaptive, and Ad Hoc (AAA) Emergency 911 (E911) Communications, Space Situational Awareness (SSA), Missile Warning, and Weapon Targeting Networ
Abstract:Many of the 10,000 Hezbollah missiles fired at Israel in 2006 are the Fadj-3 rockets fired at Americans in Iraq. The Iron Dome, EAPS-ID, and Stunner anti-missile batteries can shoot- down millions of these shorter-range (under 70-250 km) missiles starting in 2010, but their cueing radars detect a limited portion of their trajectories which reduces their desirable 30-second intercept windows. Since 2007, China shot-down a satellite, a commercial Iridium satellite was destroyed by an undetected Russian satellite, and North Korea and Iran tested maneuvering warheads in space. The recently launched TacSat-3 and NFIRE satellites have 50-cm or larger aperture cameras that can detect these shorter-range rockets and ASAT collision hazards from orbit, but this is not their primary mission. An ad- hoc network of CubeSat satellites with agilely developed 7.5-cm cameras can communicate with each other and TacSat-3 using patented PeerSat Inter-Satellite Links to adapt tasking between cheap 7.5-cm and expensive 50-cm cameras to coordinate dramatically faster cueing for short-range missile defense, space situational awareness (SSA), and ASAT collision defense. PeerSat Links also provide Emergency 911 (E911) communications and immediate warnings to other orbiting spacecraft, and in-flight re- targeting to DARPA NetFires missiles or Stunner interceptors using weapon data links to counter-strike.

Freedom Photonics LLC
615 A State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Jonathon Barton
DARPA 09-017      Awarded: 2/12/2010
Title:Advanced Rad-Hard Solar Energy Collection Cells
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will focus on the development of rad-hard, low cost high efficiency solar cell technology. The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of manufacturing of novel hybrid nanostructure based photovoltaics, which will utilize innovative concentrator and light conversion technology to produce rad-hard, low cost, high efficiency solar cells. There is a great need for highly efficient, rugged, ultra-lightweight, small volume, and low-cost solar cells. We propose to take advantage of our expertise in III-V semiconductor device fabrication, and employ novel design and fabrication process to realize state-of-the-art nano photovoltaic structures.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 304-4086
Zachary Taylor
DARPA 09-017      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:Advanced Flywheel Energy Storage
Abstract:Applying multivariable optimization in conjunction with modern materials technology has revealed an opportunity to dramatically improve flywheel energy storage technology. Using this innovative approach, GTL’s Advanced Flywheel™ could deliver 500 W-hr/kg with the potential to achieve in excess of 1000 W-hr/kg. This represents a substantial increase in performance over conventional high-performance energy storage technologies that deliver 100-300 W-hr/kg. While it has long been believed that the maximum energy density of a flywheel is achieved with the classic heavy-rim flywheel design. By controlling the location, orientation and curvature of each fiber, the Advanced Flywheel design ensures that the strength and inertia of every fiber is fully utilized while also minimizing or eliminating any under performing material. This allows the opportunity to exceed the classic flywheel performance limit. In the proposed effort, after developing the preliminary design of the overall Advanced Flywheel Energy Storage system, a detailed design of the Advanced Flywheel rotor will be created. A proof-of-concept unit will then be fabricated and tested to verify the performance potential of the design. The results of this effort will be used to determine the maximum performance that can be achieved with this transformational technology.

RoseStreet Laboratories
3701 E. University Drive
Phoenix, AZ 85213
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 431-4782
Iulian Gherasoiu
DARPA 09-017      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Enhanced Light Absorption in thin InGaN Layers for Radiation Hard Solar Cells Using Nano-Patterned Metallic Films
Abstract:We propose to develop and deliver a nano-patterned metallic light trap platform that will allow ultra-thin InGaN photovoltaics to exhibit extended lifetime by a factor of four when used in low orbit satellite operations. We will test the enhancement of light absorption in InGaN layers with In fraction of 25% for use as an effective method of realizing radiation ultra-hard solar cells for space-based applications. Towards this goal we will deposit metallic films with a thickness bellow 100nm, and optimize the groove / grid pattern design to ensure the coupling to above bandgap light with a wavelength in the range from of 505nm to 520nm.

---------- DMEA ----------

6 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Agile RF, Inc.
93 Castilian Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(323) 667-9745
ARMAN MKRTCHYAN
DMEA 09-001      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Series Resistance Reduction in Tunable Radio Frequency (RF) Capacitors
Abstract:THE "CROWN DICE" CERAMIC ITEMS WILL BECOME AVAILABLE BY POURING CLAY INTO MOLDINGS , THAN BURNING THEM AT THE KILNS AND PAINTING THEM TO BE READY TO GO FOR THE SHELVES . THE DESIGN IS : BELOW BOX --DICE; ON TOP OF THE BOX ARE JOKER STICKS.

Paratek Microwave, Inc.
22 Technology Way
Nashua, NH 03060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 233-1744
Ryan Cottier
DMEA 09-001      Awarded: 12/21/2009
Title:Series Resistance Reduction in Tunable Radio Frequency (RF) Capacitors
Abstract:By attention to lattice parameter matching, thermal expansion coefficient mismatch reduction and composition of conducting epitaxial detemined.

Tahoe RF Semiconductor
12834 Earhart Ave,
Auburn, CA 95602
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 796-6797
Martin Biller
DMEA 09-002      Awarded: 12/4/2009
Title:Low-noise amplifier (LNA) and Power amplifier (PA) for Radio-Frequency (RF) System-on–Chip (SoC) Applications on Silicon on Sapphire (SOS) Substrates
Abstract:This proposal explores the feasibility of a communication system based on the modulation of a magnetic field. The principle of mutual induction states that the voltage induced by mutual induction in one inductor is always proportional to the rate of current change in the other inductor. If one inductor is in the transmitter, and the other inductor is in the receiver, the induced voltage in the receiving inductor shall follow the modulation of the current in the transmitting inductor.

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(828) 348-4424
Dennis J. Kozakoff
DMEA 09-002      Awarded: 12/4/2009
Title:Low-noise amplifier (LNA) and Power amplifier (PA) for Radio-Frequency (RF) System-on–Chip (SoC) Applications on Silicon on Sapphire (SOS) Substrates
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR research project explores the feasibility of a portable long-range magnetic field communication that can transmit and receive a minimum data rate of 10kbps at a distance of 1 km without use of repeaters. Magnetic communications can function through earth, concrete and buildings. A digital modulation scheme is proposed for both voice and data. In the voice transmission mode a VOX circuit can be employed to conserve battery power. Advantages by using digital modulations include potential to MUX and DEMUX voice and data, use of error correction codes for error free communications, potential use of data compression algorithms, and reduced bandwidth. The novel receiver approach eliminates out-of-band noise with an extremely sharp filter, and the signal is extracted from the in-band noise by an auto-correlator receiver. The auto correlation function offers some other unique benefits such as making the system more LPI/LPD. The portable transmit antenna is envisioned as a tuned magnetic loop antenna. If the pulses were filtered to create Gaussian or sinc pulses, bandwidth reductions would accrue which would reduce antenna bandwidth requirements.

Broadband Discovery Systems, Inc
100 Enterprise Way, Suite C130
Scotts Valley, CA 95066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(735) 302-9274
Nick M. Sbrockey
DMEA 09-003      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Magnetically-coupled Integrated Secure Transceiver - MIST
Abstract:In this SBIR program, Structured Materials Industries, Inc. www.structuredmaterials.com (SMI) will develop tunable RF capacitors with ultra-low series resistance. The tunable capacitors will be based on the tunable dielectric material barium strontium titanate - BaxSr1-xTiO3 (commonly referred to as BST). Presently, two factors limit implementation of tunable BST capacitors in RF systems; 1) poor temperature stability and 2) high series resistance. SMI is presently leading a team to solve the temperature stability problem for BST capacitors. In this proposed SBIR program, we will solve the series resistance problem and remove the last remaining obstacle for commercial implementation of tunable BST capacitors in military and commercial products. In Phase I, SMI will implement a 4-part strategy to reduce series resistance for tunable BST capacitors; including optimization of the capacitor geometry, optimization of the metallization, optimization of the interface between the metal and the tunable dielectric, and optimization of the tunable dielectric composition profile. In Phase II, we will optimize the manufacturing processes and the tooling, and demonstrate a pathway to low-cost, high-volume production. We will also produce optimized BST capacitors in Phase II, and demonstrate performance and reliability far superior to any commercially available alternative.

Ferro Solutions, Inc.
5 Constitution Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 546-6944
Hongxing Hu
DMEA 09-003      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Magnetoelectric Transducer Array for Long Range Near-field Magnetic Communication
Abstract:In this Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project, Amsen Technologies is teamed with the Center for Advanced Materials (CAM) of University of Houston to develop a process to fabricate BST thin film capacitors with reduced series resistance through an innovative interface optimization strategy. The overall objective of the present innovation is to grow epitaxial or highly oriented BST thin film on epitaxial Pt electrodes. Experimentally, three steps need to go in sequence to make the BST-on-Pt structure, both E-beam evaporation and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) will be used in the process. The Phase I effort will be aimed at establishing the proof-of-concept that the new process to fabricate BST thin film capacitors with reduced series resistance can be developed. In Phase II, we will be devoted to the optimization of the technology.

---------- DTRA ----------

19 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Marek Turowski
DTRA 09-001       Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in Nonplanar Nano-technology Microelectronics
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: The successful outcome of this effort will support the use of ultra-deep submicron integrated circuits in DoD satellite systems that will result in very significant savings in weight, power and reliability for systems that include Space Radar, Space Tracking and Surveillance Systems, Transformational Satellite Communications System (TSAT) and others. In addition, this effort will also support the use of compound semiconductor technologies (e.g. Antimony Based Compound Semiconductors, Indium Phosphide, and others) in these systems and their introduction into advanced spacecraft and missile systems with similar savings in both power and weight and coupled with increased performance. DESCRIPTION: Current satellite systems are fabricated using a mix of commercial and radiation hardened circuits. However, the use of advanced commercial integrated circuits devices results in added complexity to mitigate radiation effects that can result in the mis-operation and/or destruction of devices. In many cases, the penalties in increased power, area, weight and added circuit complexity out-weigh any potential benefits and preclude the use of the advanced commercial technology. Moreover, these technologies have demonstrated a sensitivity to radiation effects. The present methods to mitigate radiation effects, while proven to be effective at circuit geometries > 150nm silicon based technology, have been shown to be less effective when applied to integrated circuit feature sizes below 100nm silicon based and compound semiconductor technologies. In addition, the introduction of new technologies, e.g. quantum function circuits, will require the development of new mitigation approaches. Thus, if minimally invasive methods such as the use of alternative materials, circuit enhancements, and other innovative approaches could be developed to reduce radiation effects sensitivity these devices could be used with little or no penalties. Therefore, the basic approach to accomplish this task would be to leverage commercial microelectronics at the < 90nm nodes and augment these technologies with radiation mitigation techniques that would have minimal impact on the electrical performance and manufacturability. This same approach also applies to the radiation hardening of the compound semiconductor and other technologies. Additionally, the development of such methods requires the development of cost effective methods to model and simulate the radiation response of these < 90nm, compound semiconductor and other technologies. Without a robust modeling and simulation capability it would be both technically and economically unfeasible to develop these mitigation methods. PHASE I: • Identification of minimally invasive methods, including material approaches, to mitigate radiation effects in < 90nm microelectronics technologies, III-V, SiGe and other materials systems. • Development of cost effective radiation effects modeling and simulation methods for < 90nm microelectronics, compound semiconductor and other technologies for digital and analog/mixed-signal microelectronics applications. • Identification of design science approaches to mitigate radiation effects. PHASE II: • Electronic Design Automation

Lynguent, Inc.
P. O. Box 19325
Portland, OR 97280
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 575-9222
James Holmes
DTRA 09-001       Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:Radiation Fault Analysis for 45 Nanometer CMOS-SOI VLSI Circuits
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: The successful outcome of this effort will support the use of ultra-deep submicron integrated circuits in DoD satellite systems that will result in very significant savings in weight, power and reliability for systems that include Space Radar, Space Tracking and Surveillance Systems, Transformational Satellite Communications System (TSAT) and others. In addition, this effort will also support the use of compound semiconductor technologies (e.g. Antimony Based Compound Semiconductors, Indium Phosphide, and others) in these systems and their introduction into advanced spacecraft and missile systems with similar savings in both power and weight and coupled with increased performance. DESCRIPTION: Current satellite systems are fabricated using a mix of commercial and radiation hardened circuits. However, the use of advanced commercial integrated circuits devices results in added complexity to mitigate radiation effects that can result in the mis-operation and/or destruction of devices. In many cases, the penalties in increased power, area, weight and added circuit complexity out-weigh any potential benefits and preclude the use of the advanced commercial technology. Moreover, these technologies have demonstrated a sensitivity to radiation effects. The present methods to mitigate radiation effects, while proven to be effective at circuit geometries > 150nm silicon based technology, have been shown to be less effective when applied to integrated circuit feature sizes below 100nm silicon based and compound semiconductor technologies. In addition, the introduction of new technologies, e.g. quantum function circuits, will require the development of new mitigation approaches. Thus, if minimally invasive methods such as the use of alternative materials, circuit enhancements, and other innovative approaches could be developed to reduce radiation effects sensitivity these devices could be used with little or no penalties. Therefore, the basic approach to accomplish this task would be to leverage commercial microelectronics at the < 90nm nodes and augment these technologies with radiation mitigation techniques that would have minimal impact on the electrical performance and manufacturability. This same approach also applies to the radiation hardening of the compound semiconductor and other technologies. Additionally, the development of such methods requires the development of cost effective methods to model and simulate the radiation response of these < 90nm, compound semiconductor and other technologies. Without a robust modeling and simulation capability it would be both technically and economically unfeasible to develop these mitigation methods. PHASE I: • Identification of minimally invasive methods, including material approaches, to mitigate radiation effects in < 90nm microelectronics technologies, III-V, SiGe and other materials systems. • Development of cost effective radiation effects modeling and simulation methods for < 90nm microelectronics, compound semiconductor and other technologies for digital and analog/mixed-signal microelectronics applications. • Identification of design science approaches to mitigate radiation effects. PHASE II: • Electronic Design Automation

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0666
Ketan Bhatt
DTRA 09-002       Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Electrokinetic-based Microfluidic Universal Sample-Preparation (EMUS) Platform
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To develop a process to universally extract and prepare samples in the field that will be made available to a detector for rapid detection and notification. DESCRIPTION: It should be noted that sample preparation is not synonymous with purification or even enrichment, although both are extremely rigorous preparation methods. For the biological defense community, sample preparation can be considered a process in which analytes of interest are removed from interfering chemicals and materials present in a sample and treated to insure availability to the detection technology employed. Current technologies are “either-or” solutions, focusing on immunoassay and PCR/molecular techniques of analysis, both of which are used in fielded DoD platforms. No single platform to date has the capability to serve as a universal sample preparation technology simultaneously isolate proteins (immunoassay) and nucleic acids (PCR/molecular analysis). An additional current limitation is the lack of a suitable platform to deal with a wide variety of environmental samples capable of removing inhibitors of analysis, such as enzymatic inhibitors, irreversible binding agents of analytes/reagents, and particulates that foul fluidics, instruments, and cartridges. PHASE I: In Phase I of a SBIR project we are seeking a novel and verifiable approach to developing a universal extraction and preparation process such that field analysis and identification can be rapid and timely (i.e. on-site analysis by immunoassay or PCR in less than one hour with minimal logistical burden) for the warfighter and/or first responders. PHASE II: In Phase II of a SBIR project we are seeking the demonstration of the method and the concomitant protocol and/or instrumentation for the approach. This is characteristically described as a reduction to practice type of project that the extraction and preparation procedure can be demonstrated as useful and verifiable with a myriad of sample types and analytical procedures. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: In Phase III of a SBIR project a series of blind challenge samples would be tested at both the awardees laboratory as well as the governments medical and physical sciences laboratories. The round robin testing would be designed to verify the methods and approaches developed by the awardee. REFERENCES: 1. Lichtenberg, J., N. F. de Rooij, E. Verpoorte. 2002. Sample pretreatment on microfabricated devices. Talanta 56: 233-266. 2. Rose, L., B. Jensen, A. Peterson, S. N. Banerjee, and M. J. Arduino. 2004. Swab materials and Bacillus anthracis spore recovery from nonporous surfaces. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 10: 1023-1029. 3. Tsai, Y. and B. H. Olson. 1992. Detection of low numbers of bacterial cells in soils and sediments by polymerase chain reaction. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58: 754-757.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0678
Yi Wang
DTRA 09-003       Awarded: 3/22/2010
Title:An Integrated, Electrokinetics-Augmented Microfluidic Device for Forensic DNA Analysis
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop a small, field portable forensic DNA capability that performs rapid DNA analysis for comparison against PC-based or Web-based forensic DNA databases. This device should be able to perform forensic DNA analysis on swabs collected from incident sites. DESCRIPTION: Forensic DNA analysis is routinely performed on evidence collected from incident sites or swabs obtained from known individuals. This analysis is typically performed in a fixed facility and leverages several different pieces of equipment to produce a DNA profile. Forensic DNA analysis has the ability to provide crucial information on individuals that may have built or had contact with IED’s or potential bioagents. The ability to conduct rapid forensic DNA analysis on post blast IEDs, and objects/containers involved in WMD activities can provide significant insight into who may have manufactured or transported the device, and what agents it may contain. This information can be used by commanders and warfighters to increase their situational awareness and enhance their battle management capabilities. The ability to conduct rapid forensic DNA analysis in the field on swabs and exchange that information with PC- based or Web-based DNA databases will prove valuable in verifying identity and matching against profiles obtained from IEDs and other items. The end product should be a field portable device that performs all procedures required to produce a forensic DNA Profile including extraction, quantitation, amplification, separation, and analysis. The device should be able to perform Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), provide single base pair resolution, and produce outputs capable of being exchanged with PC-based or Web- based forensic DNA databases. The device should be operable in a variety of environments, temperatures, and conditions and be physically robust and reliable. It is also beneficial if individuals with minimal scientific training are able to operate the device. Current technologies such as liquid handlers, thermal cyclers, and genetic analyzers/sequencers do exist that perform individual steps of the forensic DNA analysis process but are designed to work in a laboratory environment. This device should combine these capabilities into a single device and be capable of conducting forensic DNA analysis in a mobile asset or facility on the battlefield. PHASE I: Fabricate a proof- of-concept prototype and demonstrate which forensic DNA analysis processes can be integrated into the end device. PHASE II: Fabricate 1 prototype field portable forensic DNA analysis device and demonstrate success in producing DNA profiles with a commercially available STR PCR amplification kit. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: The proposed device may be used for rapid biological relationship testing or traditional state and local crime laboratory forensic DNA analysis at crime scenes. REFERENCES: 1. National Research Council. 2009. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Washington, D.C. National Academy Press. 2. Budowle, B. Toward a System of Microbial Forensics: from Sample Collection to Interpretation of Evidence. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, May 2005, p. 2209-2213.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Season Wong
DTRA 09-003       Awarded: 2/16/2010
Title:An Integrated, Field Portable DNA Profiler for Forensics
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop a small, field portable forensic DNA capability that performs rapid DNA analysis for comparison against PC-based or Web-based forensic DNA databases. This device should be able to perform forensic DNA analysis on swabs collected from incident sites. DESCRIPTION: Forensic DNA analysis is routinely performed on evidence collected from incident sites or swabs obtained from known individuals. This analysis is typically performed in a fixed facility and leverages several different pieces of equipment to produce a DNA profile. Forensic DNA analysis has the ability to provide crucial information on individuals that may have built or had contact with IED’s or potential bioagents. The ability to conduct rapid forensic DNA analysis on post blast IEDs, and objects/containers involved in WMD activities can provide significant insight into who may have manufactured or transported the device, and what agents it may contain. This information can be used by commanders and warfighters to increase their situational awareness and enhance their battle management capabilities. The ability to conduct rapid forensic DNA analysis in the field on swabs and exchange that information with PC- based or Web-based DNA databases will prove valuable in verifying identity and matching against profiles obtained from IEDs and other items. The end product should be a field portable device that performs all procedures required to produce a forensic DNA Profile including extraction, quantitation, amplification, separation, and analysis. The device should be able to perform Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), provide single base pair resolution, and produce outputs capable of being exchanged with PC-based or Web- based forensic DNA databases. The device should be operable in a variety of environments, temperatures, and conditions and be physically robust and reliable. It is also beneficial if individuals with minimal scientific training are able to operate the device. Current technologies such as liquid handlers, thermal cyclers, and genetic analyzers/sequencers do exist that perform individual steps of the forensic DNA analysis process but are designed to work in a laboratory environment. This device should combine these capabilities into a single device and be capable of conducting forensic DNA analysis in a mobile asset or facility on the battlefield. PHASE I: Fabricate a proof- of-concept prototype and demonstrate which forensic DNA analysis processes can be integrated into the end device. PHASE II: Fabricate 1 prototype field portable forensic DNA analysis device and demonstrate success in producing DNA profiles with a commercially available STR PCR amplification kit. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: The proposed device may be used for rapid biological relationship testing or traditional state and local crime laboratory forensic DNA analysis at crime scenes. REFERENCES: 1. National Research Council. 2009. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Washington, D.C. National Academy Press. 2. Budowle, B. Toward a System of Microbial Forensics: from Sample Collection to Interpretation of Evidence. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, May 2005, p. 2209-2213.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Raouf O. Loutfy
DTRA 09-004       Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Novel Fuel Cell Supercapacitor Hybrid Power System
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Deliver a novel high endurance, reusable, safe and portable energy source for use in environments that preclude access to current common energy sources and/or make it logistically infeasible to utilize current portable energy source options. This energy source could provide a wide application to power a variety of WMD sensors/systems. DESCRIPTION: A myriad of applications for the dismounted soldier of the future will require portable energy, including communications, portable computers, chemical- biological-radiological sensors and other systems. These electronics are critical to soldier combat effectiveness. Primary batteries now provide the main energy source, but the acquisition, storage, distribution, and disposal of over a hundred different battery types poses an enormous logistical challenge on the battlefield. New technologies have at the same time increased the number and variety of power-driven functions that require soldier-portable power. Current batteries are often one-time use, such as traditional alkaline or lead acid types, that require a large logistical “footprint” to support or have adverse safety considerations and/or power capacity loss problems over multiple re-use, such as nickel-cadmium or lithium-type batteries. High energy density capacitors are needed for a variety of WMD technologies: new materials/manufacturing processes are needed to make these systems man portable. However, new power source technologies are beginning to appear in the early stages of technical development (i.e. fuel cells, smart hybrid batteries, etc). In addition, the need is present to make these new energy sources as small enough to power a backpack sized WMD sensor/system up to small vehicles, such as unmanned ground or aerial vehicles, which may be equipped with various WMD sensors/systems. PHASE I: Provide a lab demonstration of the potential capability of the novel energy source. PHASE II: 1. Build a portable prototype energy source that provides 20-W average power with 50-W peak and/or provides 100-W average with a 200-W peak for up to 1 week missions in the size configuration previously mentioned. 2. Adapt to provide power to up to two different sensors of choice or 3. Prototype high energy density capacitor with a minimum of 50 kJ stored energy. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: 1. New energy source could enable new uses for a wide variety of WMD and other sensors and technologies which could spur more commercial demand. 2. Enable new applications for portable sensors and technologies. REFERENCES: 1. Atwater, T.B., P.J. Cygan, and F.C. Leung. 2000. Man portable power needs of the 21st century. I. Applications for the Dismounted Soldier. II. Enhanced capabilities through the use of hybrid power sources. Journal of Power Sources 91: 27-36. 2. Fein, G.S. 2003. Manufacturers worked around-the-clock to replenish depleted stocks. National Defense Magazine, September. Available at http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=1190. Last accessed on January 15, 2004. 3. National Research Council. 1997. Energy-Efficient Technologies for the Dismounted Soldier. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 4. National Research

Princeton Nanotechnology Systems LLC
11 Deer Park Drive Suite 102-I
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9550
Richard Skibo
DTRA 09-005      Awarded: 2/25/2010
Title:Continuous Wave Compressive Sensing Terahertz Spectrometer for Low Vapor Pressure Standoff Detection
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: A prototype unit capable of detecting trace amounts of low-volatility chemicals from distances of 25+ meters. DESCRIPTION: The ability to detect trace chemicals from safe distances is critical. When those chemicals are low-volatility (as they are for many explosives), the difficulty of the problem greatly increases. Innovative solutions are being sought to address this technology problem. There are no acceptable products available that can detect trace amounts of low-volatility chemicals from relatively large distances, especially ones that are small and light-weight. Hand-held chemical detection units either don’t have the ability to detect from a distance (10s of meters), at very low concentrations, or with needed precision, resolution and sensitivity. Products which do have these characteristics tend to be fairly large and not readily transportable. Current research and development in this area generally involves spectroscopic methods including Raman, FTIR and terahertz. Each of these methods has had some success, but they still have problems in one or more of the characteristics mentioned earlier. Unfortunately, all of the characteristics are necessary for an acceptable product that can be used safely in many operational environments. The goal of this topic is to develop a technology that is capable of detecting trace amounts of low-volatility chemicals (for example, explosives and persistent chemical warfare agents) from large distances (25-30 meters or more). The end product should be small and light-weight. It must be able to detect multiple classes of chemicals (e.g., organic nitrates, organophosphonates) from a variety of surfaces (both porous and non-porous). Ideally, the end product will distinguish and identify the target chemicals from interfering substances (e.g., other chemicals, dust/dirt, diesel fumes). The end product can be from any technology area, assuming the technology is safe for general operational use. The technology must be innovative and not a general modification or adaptation of current research. If the proposed effort uses a technology currently being developed for this type of application (e.g., Raman, FTIR, terahertz), the application itself or its adaptation must be innovative. PHASE I: The technology at the end of Phase 1 should be able to demonstrate a proof-of-concept detection of at least 1 class of low-volatility chemicals on surfaces from distances of 3 meters or greater. PHASE II: The prototype unit should be able to detect at least two different classes of low-volatility chemicals, present in trace amounts, on at least 5 different surfaces (to include both porous and non-porous surfaces) from distances approaching 25 meters or greater. Detection needs to occur in the presence of common operational interferents (e.g., dirt/dust, oil/grease, fuel and/or fuel vapor). The prototype should be no larger than man-portable, with a strategy to reduce the product to a size approaching hand-held. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: In addition to Defense applications, the technology would have applications in Homeland Security, hazard response and/or mitigation, and industrial process or product control or assurance. REFERENCES: 1. M W P Petryk, "Promising

Zomega Terahertz Corporation
1223 Peoples Ave
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 833-0577
Thomas Tongue
DTRA 09-005      Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:Standoff Sensing for Low Volatility Chemicals Using Terahertz Radiation-Enhanced-Emission-of-Fluorescence
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: A prototype unit capable of detecting trace amounts of low-volatility chemicals from distances of 25+ meters. DESCRIPTION: The ability to detect trace chemicals from safe distances is critical. When those chemicals are low-volatility (as they are for many explosives), the difficulty of the problem greatly increases. Innovative solutions are being sought to address this technology problem. There are no acceptable products available that can detect trace amounts of low-volatility chemicals from relatively large distances, especially ones that are small and light-weight. Hand-held chemical detection units either don’t have the ability to detect from a distance (10s of meters), at very low concentrations, or with needed precision, resolution and sensitivity. Products which do have these characteristics tend to be fairly large and not readily transportable. Current research and development in this area generally involves spectroscopic methods including Raman, FTIR and terahertz. Each of these methods has had some success, but they still have problems in one or more of the characteristics mentioned earlier. Unfortunately, all of the characteristics are necessary for an acceptable product that can be used safely in many operational environments. The goal of this topic is to develop a technology that is capable of detecting trace amounts of low-volatility chemicals (for example, explosives and persistent chemical warfare agents) from large distances (25-30 meters or more). The end product should be small and light-weight. It must be able to detect multiple classes of chemicals (e.g., organic nitrates, organophosphonates) from a variety of surfaces (both porous and non-porous). Ideally, the end product will distinguish and identify the target chemicals from interfering substances (e.g., other chemicals, dust/dirt, diesel fumes). The end product can be from any technology area, assuming the technology is safe for general operational use. The technology must be innovative and not a general modification or adaptation of current research. If the proposed effort uses a technology currently being developed for this type of application (e.g., Raman, FTIR, terahertz), the application itself or its adaptation must be innovative. PHASE I: The technology at the end of Phase 1 should be able to demonstrate a proof-of-concept detection of at least 1 class of low-volatility chemicals on surfaces from distances of 3 meters or greater. PHASE II: The prototype unit should be able to detect at least two different classes of low-volatility chemicals, present in trace amounts, on at least 5 different surfaces (to include both porous and non-porous surfaces) from distances approaching 25 meters or greater. Detection needs to occur in the presence of common operational interferents (e.g., dirt/dust, oil/grease, fuel and/or fuel vapor). The prototype should be no larger than man-portable, with a strategy to reduce the product to a size approaching hand-held. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: In addition to Defense applications, the technology would have applications in Homeland Security, hazard response and/or mitigation, and industrial process or product control or assurance. REFERENCES: 1. M W P Petryk, "Promising

CapeSym, Inc.
Suite 1B 6 Huron Drive
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 653-7100
Shariar Motakef
DTRA 09-007      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Electromagnetically-Stirred THM Process for Growth of CZT
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Improve radiation detection material processing for consistently more efficient larger detection materials with shorter overall preparation times. DESCRIPTION: The quality, quantity, size, and cost of radiation detection materials and system are limited by current manufacturing capabilities. Examples of current improvements have focused on hydrothermal process enhancement for cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) crystals and feedstock purification and conditioning. Next generation approaches to obtain cheaper higher quality detection materials incorporating nonhydrothermal processes and not solely dependent on feedstock material conditioning. Specific material quality and quantity metrics will be dramatically improved by these process innovations. Detection material characteristics must be maintained or exceeded. For example, consistent room temperature semiconductors with better than one percent energy resolution at 662 keV or scintillator materials with better than three percent. Processing methods should control, but not be based on standard material requirements such as ultra high purity and uniformity. Shortening the duration of material formation, as in the case of crystal growth while maintaining or improving detection performance are also essential. Post material formation reprocessing such as annealing and surface preparation are not considered. PHASE I: Examples of areas where dramatic improvements may be possible should be studied in the proof of concept phase to include: - Reduce crystal growth time from weeks to days and maintaining material quality - Increase usable detection material sizes in volume or usable area with no degradation in detector sensitivity - Improve detection material performance by nonhyrdothermal means (e.g., energy resolution) without increasing production cost - Improve chemical vapor deposition fabrication for radiation detector applications PHASE II: Prototype material fabrication must provide detection materials of sufficient size, quality and quantity for performance testing and be cost effective and production scalable. Methods and processes must be repeatable and reproducible. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Scope of potential follow-on: - Engineering design and integration of prototype material fabrication process to improve existing radiation detection material processes - Extending prototype processing to other semiconductor or crystal growth material processing technology areas - Producing improved radiation detection materials and samples for special applications such as scientific and medical research in high energy physics and medical monitoring, and to allow for additional detection material characterization - Expanding production applications to solar cells and electronic component fabrication REFERENCES: 1. Chen, H. et al., “High-Performance, Large-Volume THM CdZnTe Detectors for Medical Imaging and Homeland Security Applications,” Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2006. IEEE Volume 6, pp. 3629–3637. 2. Doering, R. (Ed.) et al., Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, CRC, 2007. 3. Hahto, S.K., “Negative ions for heavy ion fusion and semiconductor manufacturing applications,” Review of Scientific

Neotron Inc
5 Hayden Place
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 239-3461
Steven Paul Ahlen
DTRA 09-007      Awarded: 3/3/2010
Title:Next Generation in Detection Materials Processing
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Improve radiation detection material processing for consistently more efficient larger detection materials with shorter overall preparation times. DESCRIPTION: The quality, quantity, size, and cost of radiation detection materials and system are limited by current manufacturing capabilities. Examples of current improvements have focused on hydrothermal process enhancement for cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) crystals and feedstock purification and conditioning. Next generation approaches to obtain cheaper higher quality detection materials incorporating nonhydrothermal processes and not solely dependent on feedstock material conditioning. Specific material quality and quantity metrics will be dramatically improved by these process innovations. Detection material characteristics must be maintained or exceeded. For example, consistent room temperature semiconductors with better than one percent energy resolution at 662 keV or scintillator materials with better than three percent. Processing methods should control, but not be based on standard material requirements such as ultra high purity and uniformity. Shortening the duration of material formation, as in the case of crystal growth while maintaining or improving detection performance are also essential. Post material formation reprocessing such as annealing and surface preparation are not considered. PHASE I: Examples of areas where dramatic improvements may be possible should be studied in the proof of concept phase to include: - Reduce crystal growth time from weeks to days and maintaining material quality - Increase usable detection material sizes in volume or usable area with no degradation in detector sensitivity - Improve detection material performance by nonhyrdothermal means (e.g., energy resolution) without increasing production cost - Improve chemical vapor deposition fabrication for radiation detector applications PHASE II: Prototype material fabrication must provide detection materials of sufficient size, quality and quantity for performance testing and be cost effective and production scalable. Methods and processes must be repeatable and reproducible. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Scope of potential follow-on: - Engineering design and integration of prototype material fabrication process to improve existing radiation detection material processes - Extending prototype processing to other semiconductor or crystal growth material processing technology areas - Producing improved radiation detection materials and samples for special applications such as scientific and medical research in high energy physics and medical monitoring, and to allow for additional detection material characterization - Expanding production applications to solar cells and electronic component fabrication REFERENCES: 1. Chen, H. et al., “High-Performance, Large-Volume THM CdZnTe Detectors for Medical Imaging and Homeland Security Applications,” Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2006. IEEE Volume 6, pp. 3629–3637. 2. Doering, R. (Ed.) et al., Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, CRC, 2007. 3. Hahto, S.K., “Negative ions for heavy ion fusion and semiconductor manufacturing applications,” Review of Scientific

Alameda Applied Sciences Corporation
626 Whitney Street
San Leandro, CA 94577
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 483-4156
Mahadevan Krishnan
DTRA 09-008      Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:Critical Components/Enabling Technologies for High-gradient Particle Accelerators
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: High-gradient accelerator technology is sought for development of transportable accelerators capable of accelerating protons, electrons or muons. Portable- accelerator applications of interest to DTRA require protons with energy in the tens of MeV range and in the few GeV range; electrons in the 100 MeV range; and muons in the hundreds of MeV range. Critical technology is sought that will enable construction of systems operable from moving military platforms or will significantly reduce the overall footprint of currently available technology. DESCRIPTION: The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA is investigating the use of high energy, particle sources for detecting special nuclear materials (SNM). Systems transportable on military platforms are required. Reduction of the size and weight of existing and novel systems are goals. Critical technology that will lead to increased accelerating gradients will help to achieve program goals. The following examples may represent current state-of-the-art gradients for acceleration of protons: • Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavity (SCRF): 47 MV/m • Normal-conducting RF: 290 MV/m • Dielectric Wall Accelerator (DWA): 100 MV/m • Target Normal Sheath Accelerator (TNSA): 1 TV/m • Radiation Pressure Accelerator (RPA): ≥1 TV/m In the TNSA the length of the accelerating gradient is limited to about 50 micrometer so that proton energy may be limited to around 50 MeV. The RPA offers potential for GeV protons directly from a thin foil but the required laser intensity exceeds the current capability (based on Hercules laser at University of Michigan) by 1-2 orders of magnitude. Key components of the DWA are insulating material with very high dielectric constant and high speed switching technology. Breakthroughs in key enabling technologies may be the critical paths for realizing practical transportable high-gradient accelerators. Other technologies, such as compact superconducting cyclotrons may also be attractive with regard to configuration on military platforms for generating protons in the tens of MeV energy range and, if scalable, the low GeV range. For acceleration of muons a critical component is the collector or cooling system needed to reduce the emittance of accelerator-produced muons so that they can be collected, injected and re- accelerated to the energies required for DTRA applications. PHASE I: Develop a design concept with a clearly defined Phase I to Phase II decision point that demonstrates the potential capability of realizing the objectives defined in this topic. The design concept should be benchmarked with data that validates its underlying assumptions. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point must be part of the final delivery in Phase I along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE II: Demonstrate the design concept proposed in Phase I. This demonstration must include a discussion of how this design will be developed in Phase III into a viable system to meet the defined program goals. Potential partners for production and future use of the developed technology along with a clear Phase II to Phase III decision point must be included along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Industrial

RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
13428 Beach Ave
Marina del Rey, CA 90292
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 822-5845
Alex Murokh
DTRA 09-008      Awarded: 2/5/2010
Title:High-gradient transportable laser accelerator for high duty cycle applications
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: High-gradient accelerator technology is sought for development of transportable accelerators capable of accelerating protons, electrons or muons. Portable- accelerator applications of interest to DTRA require protons with energy in the tens of MeV range and in the few GeV range; electrons in the 100 MeV range; and muons in the hundreds of MeV range. Critical technology is sought that will enable construction of systems operable from moving military platforms or will significantly reduce the overall footprint of currently available technology. DESCRIPTION: The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA is investigating the use of high energy, particle sources for detecting special nuclear materials (SNM). Systems transportable on military platforms are required. Reduction of the size and weight of existing and novel systems are goals. Critical technology that will lead to increased accelerating gradients will help to achieve program goals. The following examples may represent current state-of-the-art gradients for acceleration of protons: • Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavity (SCRF): 47 MV/m • Normal-conducting RF: 290 MV/m • Dielectric Wall Accelerator (DWA): 100 MV/m • Target Normal Sheath Accelerator (TNSA): 1 TV/m • Radiation Pressure Accelerator (RPA): ≥1 TV/m In the TNSA the length of the accelerating gradient is limited to about 50 micrometer so that proton energy may be limited to around 50 MeV. The RPA offers potential for GeV protons directly from a thin foil but the required laser intensity exceeds the current capability (based on Hercules laser at University of Michigan) by 1-2 orders of magnitude. Key components of the DWA are insulating material with very high dielectric constant and high speed switching technology. Breakthroughs in key enabling technologies may be the critical paths for realizing practical transportable high-gradient accelerators. Other technologies, such as compact superconducting cyclotrons may also be attractive with regard to configuration on military platforms for generating protons in the tens of MeV energy range and, if scalable, the low GeV range. For acceleration of muons a critical component is the collector or cooling system needed to reduce the emittance of accelerator-produced muons so that they can be collected, injected and re- accelerated to the energies required for DTRA applications. PHASE I: Develop a design concept with a clearly defined Phase I to Phase II decision point that demonstrates the potential capability of realizing the objectives defined in this topic. The design concept should be benchmarked with data that validates its underlying assumptions. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point must be part of the final delivery in Phase I along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE II: Demonstrate the design concept proposed in Phase I. This demonstration must include a discussion of how this design will be developed in Phase III into a viable system to meet the defined program goals. Potential partners for production and future use of the developed technology along with a clear Phase II to Phase III decision point must be included along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Industrial

Ovonyx
2956 Waterview Drive
Rochester Hills, MI 48309
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 299-6002
Wolodymyr Czubatyj
DTRA 09-011      Awarded: 2/18/2010
Title:Hardening Electronics to Electromagnetic Threats
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: New lower-cost technologies for hardening critical electronic systems and infrastructures against electromagnetic threats across the frequency spectrum from the various forms of the electromagnetic spectrum to the various emissions of electromagnetic spectrum (EM) (non nuclear and nuclear) to include nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and high power microwaves (HPM). This effort should focus on addressing the complex problem of strategic mobile communications systems. DESCRIPTION: Electromagnetic threats (HPM and EMP) pose problems to electronics both as conducted (e.g., wires and antennas) and radiated (e.g., apertures and cracks) threats. Over the past years a variety of techniques have been developed to protect electronics from these threats that operate over selected frequency bands. However, these techniques are frequently costly to implement and have size limitations. The desire is to develop novel techniques that are low-cost, lightweight and compact. Further, it is desirable that the techniques are applicable over a broad frequency range covering both EMP and HPM spectrums. Approaches that deal with individual conducted or radiated threats are of interest for critical systems, infrastructures, and facilities. In the area of nuclear EMP, it is desired to have conductive protection devices that cover the early time (E1), mid time (E2), and late time (E3) threat environments with one compact unit. In HPM, methods to protect the electronics directly (similar to radiation hardening electronics) would be of great interest. PHASE I: Proof of concept should be demonstrated by analysis and/or preliminary experimental device. A detailed plan for further engineering development and demonstration by testing in Phase II should also be provided. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point must be part of the final delivery in Phase I along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE II: Successfully demonstrate the operation of the prototype hardening device against specified electromagnetic threat(s) without effects on the protection device or protected circuit. Industry and government partners for Phase III must be identified along demonstrated support for the proposed design/prototype. A clear Phase II to Phase III decision point must be part of the final delivery in Phase III. PHASE III: Demonstration of EMP and HPM protection devices to meet MIL-STD 188-125-2 and other applicable military and commercial standards may result in DoD program managers funding further development of the technology. Dual use of devices for protection of both military systems and commercial facilities/civilian infrastructures from potential terrorist threats is a plus. REFERENCES: 1. MIL-STD- 188-125-2; MIL-HDBK-423; High-Power-Microwave Hardening Design Guide for Systems, HDL-CR-92-709-5, April 1992, MIL-STD-464, MIL-STD-461.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
P.O. Box 5148
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 342-8792
Atris Ray III
DTRA 09-012      Awarded: 2/22/2010
Title:Weapon Payloads for Bulk Chemical and Biological Agent Neutralization
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: To provide new and innovative conventional weapon concepts that can neutralize (e.g., kill or decompose) large quantities of containerized chemical and biological warfare agents in a non-permissive environment with no intentional agent release, minimizing collateral effects. DESCRIPTION: For offensive operations, current conventional weapons rely on blast and fragmentation as their primary mechanism to defeat chemical and biological targets. Unfortunately, these same mechanisms can create large and unacceptable consequences through the release of hazardous and toxic materials into the environment. A preferred solution to this problem is the ability to neutralize large quantities of chemical and biological warfare agents within their storage containers and warheads, rendering the agents ineffective to the adversary. This type of capability is envisioned to directly transfer the neutralizing energy, environment, or materials into the containers with no intentional release of the agents. No intentional release of the agents in turn basically negates any potential collateral effects issues. It should be noted that ionizing radiation technologies for bulk neutralization have shown promise in this area, but are beset with potential political and legal issues, as wells as create additional collateral damage concerns. Consequently, alternative conventional technologies are sought that cannot only neutralize large quantities of chemical and biological agents, but are also robust against a wide variety of agent types and can easily be integrated into weapon systems. It is expected that proposed technologies may run the gamut in terms of time and distances to neutralize, and effective performance may be limited to certain building environments. Note this solicitation does not address demilitarization operations, although proposed concepts may be based on similar technologies. PHASE I: Phase I must develop a potential weapon payload conceptual design(s) and its method to neutralize bulk quantities of chemical and biological warfare agents. Concept(s) effectiveness will be proven through modeling and simulation against specific agents and containers stored in both production facilities and storage facilities. The design concept should be benchmarked with data that validates its underlying assumptions. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point must be part of the final delivery in Phase I along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE II: Phase II must develop a prototype payload capable of neutralizing chemical and biological warfare agents in typical containers and demonstrate and evaluate the prototype payload against bulk stored biological simulants and measure its effectiveness. The final report must clearly demonstrate how this concept will be made into a fieldable system with a complete discussion of the design tradeoffs required to make this system a viable system for field use. Potential partners for production and future use of the developed technology along with a clear Phase II to Phase III decision point must be included along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Potential dual use applications of this technology include uses by the Center for Disease Control (CDC),

Karagozian and Case
2550 North Hollywood Way Suite 500
Burbank, CA 91505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 240-1919
John E. Crawford
DTRA 09-013      Awarded: 1/27/2010
Title:Predicting Ultra High-Performance Concrete (UHPC) Residual Strength after Multiple Penetrations and Blasts
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Find a reliable and inexpensive way to define UHPC component damage due to multiple loading events of penetration and blast. Develop appropriate engineering aids/software defining structural capacity due to incremental abnormal loadings events (e.g., multiple air strikes) taking into consideration the differences in response of UHPC when compared to normal strength concrete. DESCRIPTION: DoD needs to develop the ability to efficiently and effectively assess damage and evaluate the residual strength (structural capacity) of UHPC structural components with compressive strengths in excess of 30 ksi, and similarly escalated tensile and bending strengths, to airblast, fragments, and munition penetrations. Currently, damage predictions require a baseline assessment of vulnerability at a pristine state and an a priori understanding of the localized damage evolution and prevalent boundary conditions of the structure at each incremental loading stage, such as occurs in a multi-strike event. A multi-strike event is defined as a repeated abnormal loading of a structure or its components. A continuous definition of the residual capacity of damaged components and structures is extremely important for weaponeering multiple layered hardened targets, and could be exceptionally helpful in planning protection from sequenced terrorist attacks or follow-on abnormal loads such as extreme wind and hurricane conditions. PHASE I: Phase I should clearly demonstrate the ability to quantify (or define) the resistance (or damage) of component/structure of the pristine and damaged UHPC in a minimum of two dimensions. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point must be part of the final delivery in Phase I along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE II: Phase II must demonstrate a methodology for evaluating damage and pertinent engineering level aids/software describing evolutionary damage and residual strength/structural capacity due to multiple abnormal events and disassociated of continuous testing or analyses. The Phase II final report should include a development plan and partnering approach for follow-on production and fielding along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: PHASE III should include identification of support for commercialization of the developed product to predict the remaining strength (residual strength) of UHPC damaged by penetration and blast. The software should be able to specify which parameters are important to resist damage for use in architecture, engineering, and construction industries for economical but robust construction of the military and civilian sectors. Its application should include protective panels, structural elements (such as roofs, walls, slabs [shells, plates], beams, columns, and piles), and facilities (such as bunkers, nuclear power plants, and airport runways). The software also should consider predictions of remaining strength due to abnormal loadings from seismic, hurricane and tornado events. REFERENCES: 1. US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, “Material Property Characterization of Ultra-High Performance Concrete,” Publication No. FHWA-HRT-06-103, 2006 August 2.

Diversified Technical Systems, Inc.
909 Electric Ave Suite 206
Seal Beach, CA 90740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 493-0158
Mike Beckage
DTRA 09-014      Awarded: 2/5/2010
Title:Digital Data Recorder for Gauges in High Speed Weapons During Survivability Testing
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop and demonstrate novel/effective/survivable electrical and mechanical systems for a high g-load (100KGs for 2 msec duration and 30KGs for 5 msec duration) shock gage and data recorder. This system is to be used in high-velocity (>2,500 ft/sec) penetration experiments into rock and concrete (unconfined strengths of 1.5 ksi to 8 ksi) and high g load pyrotechnic events (120 KGs for 0.5 msec duration). DESCRIPTION: The weapons community currently has a strong need to obtain payload data on conventional munitions to aid in shock hardening existing weapon systems and researching new conventional systems developed in the future. For the next generation of weapons, military platforms will shrink in size but performance and lethality is expected to increase through novel new engineered designs, along with increasing the striking velocity of the warhead. Additionally, in order to increase the performance of these smaller systems, precursor shape charge warheads may be employed in some systems to soften the target in front of a penetrating advanced design warhead. The main warhead electronics, however, will have to survive the pyrotechnic shock generated by the shape charge detonation and then function (95 % of the time) after a full penetration into the target. Currently, many of the components that are used in fusing and data recorder systems do not perform well in high shock and pyro environments. Because of these issues, little is known about the witnessed conditions of the weapon system in these situations. A new, miniature, high-velocity/pyro-shock sustaining data-recorder is needed. This will measure and aid in understanding the conditions that a modern penetrating weapon system must survive in order to facilitate the design of new ones. PHASE I: In this phase, a proof of concept or prototype design of a novel high- velocity/pyro-shock multi channel digital data recorder must be developed. Included in this proof of concept will be a demonstrated capability for controller software, indentified hardware for data collection, recording capability, and a validated method for data retrieval/management. Minimum general requirements are 12 bit, 3 internal acceleration channels, 6 external digital data channels, non-volatile memory, sample rate of at least 1 Mega sample/sec/channel, 0.5 seconds of recording time, adjustable recording parameters to maximize recording flexibility, and built-in battery power conservation methods. System volume (without power source) will be no larger than 8 cubic inches. Designs that include novel passive or active mechanical designs that protect the electronics from very severe catastrophic loading environments are highly desirable. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point will be accomplished by an evaluation and determination of the system feasibility, the use of high g tested components in the design, plus the overall design robustness and potential survivability of the system. PHASE II: In this phase, a prototype(s) will be developed and tested. As part of this demonstration, flexibility for use in measuring a variety of weapons system configurations must be shown either through design or prototype. Industry and government partners for Phase III

Dynamic Systems and Research
8219 Pickard Ave NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 238-3192
Anthony Mittas
DTRA 09-014      Awarded: 2/5/2010
Title:Digital Data Recorder for Gauges in High Speed Weapons During Survivability Testing
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop and demonstrate novel/effective/survivable electrical and mechanical systems for a high g-load (100KGs for 2 msec duration and 30KGs for 5 msec duration) shock gage and data recorder. This system is to be used in high-velocity (>2,500 ft/sec) penetration experiments into rock and concrete (unconfined strengths of 1.5 ksi to 8 ksi) and high g load pyrotechnic events (120 KGs for 0.5 msec duration). DESCRIPTION: The weapons community currently has a strong need to obtain payload data on conventional munitions to aid in shock hardening existing weapon systems and researching new conventional systems developed in the future. For the next generation of weapons, military platforms will shrink in size but performance and lethality is expected to increase through novel new engineered designs, along with increasing the striking velocity of the warhead. Additionally, in order to increase the performance of these smaller systems, precursor shape charge warheads may be employed in some systems to soften the target in front of a penetrating advanced design warhead. The main warhead electronics, however, will have to survive the pyrotechnic shock generated by the shape charge detonation and then function (95 % of the time) after a full penetration into the target. Currently, many of the components that are used in fusing and data recorder systems do not perform well in high shock and pyro environments. Because of these issues, little is known about the witnessed conditions of the weapon system in these situations. A new, miniature, high-velocity/pyro-shock sustaining data-recorder is needed. This will measure and aid in understanding the conditions that a modern penetrating weapon system must survive in order to facilitate the design of new ones. PHASE I: In this phase, a proof of concept or prototype design of a novel high- velocity/pyro-shock multi channel digital data recorder must be developed. Included in this proof of concept will be a demonstrated capability for controller software, indentified hardware for data collection, recording capability, and a validated method for data retrieval/management. Minimum general requirements are 12 bit, 3 internal acceleration channels, 6 external digital data channels, non-volatile memory, sample rate of at least 1 Mega sample/sec/channel, 0.5 seconds of recording time, adjustable recording parameters to maximize recording flexibility, and built-in battery power conservation methods. System volume (without power source) will be no larger than 8 cubic inches. Designs that include novel passive or active mechanical designs that protect the electronics from very severe catastrophic loading environments are highly desirable. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point will be accomplished by an evaluation and determination of the system feasibility, the use of high g tested components in the design, plus the overall design robustness and potential survivability of the system. PHASE II: In this phase, a prototype(s) will be developed and tested. As part of this demonstration, flexibility for use in measuring a variety of weapons system configurations must be shown either through design or prototype. Industry and government partners for Phase III

Applied Simulations, Inc
1211 Pine Hill Road
McLean, VA 22101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 506-1956
Rainald Lohner
DTRA 09-015      Awarded: 2/5/2010
Title:Next Generation Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Codes
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop a fast running Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Finite Element code taking advantage of hardware and software technologies developed in the gaming industry. The CFD code will be used to model highly non-linear and dynamic external blast events in urban settings and internal blasts inside structures. DESCRIPTION: The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) seeks proposals for development of the next generation high fidelity CFD codes for faster simulation of the blast environment. Existing codes used for this purpose are primarily written for computations on Central Processing Units (CPUs). The calculations are performed either in a serial or parallel fashion on single or parallel CPUs. At present a typical blast calculation for an urban environment or calculations for building collapse takes weeks to months of CPU run time. With ever increasing popularity of computer and TV games and animated movies, the gaming industry and chip manufacturers are investing heavily on improving the processing speed of the hardware and improving the software for life-like visualizations. For example, Graphic Processing Units (GPUs) in today’s computers and gaming consoles are used for 50-70 times faster computations than CPUs. Other hardware improvements include the so called desktop massively parallel supercomputers with hundreds of energy efficient CPUs bundled into a desktop computer. New hardware consoles combined with innovative software allow users to interact with games in more natural and life-like fashion using handheld devices with motion sensors and touch-screen displays. To take advantage of these technologies, researchers in the academia have recently started experimenting with high fidelity finite element models written for processing on GPUs that have led to impressive speed up in computations. This solicitation is for development of a commercial fast running CFD code on GPU processors or desktop supercomputers. In the first two phases of the program a clear demonstration of the viability of the proposed method is required including mitigations of risks associated with limitations of gaming technologies in general purpose computing. Faster running codes with user friendly interfaces are important requirements in order to assess damage to Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) facilities or to plan for protection of personnel and mission critical equipment in a protected facility. PHASE I: The successful Phase I project should develop the proposed methodology in sufficient mathematical detail to show technical competency. At a minimum the Phase I work should clearly demonstrate the expected speed up or ease of use of the new methodology by working out an example problem. PHASE II: The successful Phase II project should develop a prototype CFD code and compare the results with legacy codes and experimental data. An important aspect of this phase of the program is to develop a detailed plan for commercializing the prototype for use by the government and the private sector. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Potential dual use, non-defense applications of fast running CFDs are in weather modeling, modeling of wind loading on structures and more realistic and physics based

Reaction Engineering International
77 West 200 South, Suite 210
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 364-6925
Martin Denison
DTRA 09-015      Awarded: 3/1/2010
Title:Next Generation Blast Simulation
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Develop a fast running Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Finite Element code taking advantage of hardware and software technologies developed in the gaming industry. The CFD code will be used to model highly non-linear and dynamic external blast events in urban settings and internal blasts inside structures. DESCRIPTION: The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) seeks proposals for development of the next generation high fidelity CFD codes for faster simulation of the blast environment. Existing codes used for this purpose are primarily written for computations on Central Processing Units (CPUs). The calculations are performed either in a serial or parallel fashion on single or parallel CPUs. At present a typical blast calculation for an urban environment or calculations for building collapse takes weeks to months of CPU run time. With ever increasing popularity of computer and TV games and animated movies, the gaming industry and chip manufacturers are investing heavily on improving the processing speed of the hardware and improving the software for life-like visualizations. For example, Graphic Processing Units (GPUs) in today’s computers and gaming consoles are used for 50-70 times faster computations than CPUs. Other hardware improvements include the so called desktop massively parallel supercomputers with hundreds of energy efficient CPUs bundled into a desktop computer. New hardware consoles combined with innovative software allow users to interact with games in more natural and life-like fashion using handheld devices with motion sensors and touch-screen displays. To take advantage of these technologies, researchers in the academia have recently started experimenting with high fidelity finite element models written for processing on GPUs that have led to impressive speed up in computations. This solicitation is for development of a commercial fast running CFD code on GPU processors or desktop supercomputers. In the first two phases of the program a clear demonstration of the viability of the proposed method is required including mitigations of risks associated with limitations of gaming technologies in general purpose computing. Faster running codes with user friendly interfaces are important requirements in order to assess damage to Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) facilities or to plan for protection of personnel and mission critical equipment in a protected facility. PHASE I: The successful Phase I project should develop the proposed methodology in sufficient mathematical detail to show technical competency. At a minimum the Phase I work should clearly demonstrate the expected speed up or ease of use of the new methodology by working out an example problem. PHASE II: The successful Phase II project should develop a prototype CFD code and compare the results with legacy codes and experimental data. An important aspect of this phase of the program is to develop a detailed plan for commercializing the prototype for use by the government and the private sector. PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Potential dual use, non-defense applications of fast running CFDs are in weather modeling, modeling of wind loading on structures and more realistic and physics based

---------- OSD ----------

111 Phase I Selections from the 09.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Applied Colloids
11080 Industrial Circle NW
Elk River, MN 55330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 485-1368
Gary Pozarnsky
OSD 09-EP1      Awarded: 11/3/2009
Title:Nanophase Technology for Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Battery Safety
Abstract:Many of the safety incidents that occur with lithium-ion batteries are due to the carbon anode currently in use. Incidents can occur that include overcharging in the system, which causes lithium metal to plate out of the cell and passivation at the surfaces of the electrodes in the cell, which can also cause an incident. Applied Colloids proposes the use of its proprietary nanomaterials in a "rocking chair" cell. This would eliminate the carbon anodes presently in use and improve the safety of both lithium-ion and lithium polymer batteries.

Excellatron
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
Steve Buckingham
OSD 09-EP1      Awarded: 11/26/2009
Title:Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) and Lithium-ion Polymer (Li-polymer) Battery Safety
Abstract:Excellatron proposes to optimize an all solid-state secondary battery for safety. The all solid-state battery combines the high energy density of Li-ion technology with the power density, cyclability, and proven safety of thin film all solid-state battery technology developed at Oak Ridge National Labs. Despite the use of Li as the anode to maintain the highest possible energy density, the proposed all solid state battery allows for a cell that will be ultra safe even in the most extreme and abusive environments owing to the elimination of highly flammable liquid electrolyte used in current Li-ion technology. Even when ruptured at high or low temperatures or in underwater environments or short circuited or fast charged to overvoltage conditions the cell will remain safe. No overvoltage or deep discharge “safety” protection circuit will be necessary, or any provision for venting of gasses to prevent explosion. In fact the solid state prismatic design will be extremely resilient to puncture or venting even when crushed, and will provide dramatic improvements in durability and reliability under rough handling over existing technologies. The battery will extend the military temperature range of –40oC to 85oC to an increased upper limit of 150°C.

NEI Corporation
400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 868-3141
Ganesh Skandan
OSD 09-EP1      Awarded: 10/21/2009
Title:Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) and Lithium-ion Polymer (Li-polymer) Battery Safety
Abstract:The proposed program aims to overcome the challenge of developing a Li-ion battery that delivers high performance while simultaneously improving the intrinsic safety of the Li-ion cell. Generally, safety at the cell level is sacrificed in order to achieve performance in terms of high charge/discharge rate capability and energy density. In contrast to the traditional single point approach of incorporating external controls such as a Battery Management System (BMS) to render a degree of safety to a Li-ion battery pack, the proposed approach aims at introducing multiple innovations in the components within the cell, particularly in terms of the materials used. Working in collaboration with a fully equipped battery manufacturer, we propose to demonstrate the feasibility of our approach in Phase I by comparing it to the state of the art in Li-ion cell technology for high rate applications. 5 Ah cells will be fabricated and tested so the performance and safety characteristics can be ascertained quantitatively. Since the objective of the program is to develop safer Li-ion batteries that also have the needed rate capability and energy density, the Phase II program will focus on incorporating the Phase I innovations into larger scale Li-ion battery modules, and subjecting them to industry standard performance and abuse testing. Prototype battery packs will be delivered to the military at the end of the Phase II program for testing and qualification.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher M. Lang
OSD 09-EP1      Awarded: 10/28/2009
Title:Electroactive Polymer Coating for Improved Battery Safety
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to form an electrochemical switch to prevent catastrophic failure in lithium-ion batteries by coating the cathode material with an electroactive polymer. The electroactive polymer can be reversibly “switched” from an insulator to a conductor upon oxidation permitting high rate capability during normal operation. In Phase I, PSI will demonstrate that upon a short or overdischarge the polymer reversibly switches to an insulator reducing the current flow to the cathode material. This reduced current flow will be demonstrated to decrease the localized heat generation by more than two orders of magnitude. PSI will also demonstrate that insulation of the cathode material limits irreversible degradation of the discharge capacity upon overdischarge maintaining cell balance and improving cycle life. In the Phase II program, we will scale up the coating procedure to produce cathode material on a production scale and demonstrate the technology in a 5Ah battery.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Wen Lu
OSD 09-EP2      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:A Novel Nanomaterial-enabled Hybrid Power System
Abstract:Developments in micro/nano technologies are leading the way to a new fleet of micro air vehicle (MAV) airframes. However, the unavoidable and ultimately the mission-limiting issue for all of these new systems will be on-board power. The lightest-weight current lithium-polymer batteries don’t provide sufficient energy densities and impose a variety of operational limitations that are unacceptable for practical MAV systems. ADA Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a novel power system that leverages recent work on ultra-high-efficiency nanomaterial electrodes and inherently safe electrolytes. Current hybrid-power systems for MAVs incorporate a high-energy device and a high-power device. The hybrid-power device proposed in this project is essentially an advanced lithium-polymer battery design able to operate in both high-power and high-energy modes with great efficiency, thus eliminating the need for separate devices. In Phase I, ADA will demonstrate the use of recently developed high-performance nanocomposite electrodes in prototype batteries that exceed the performance of current Li-ion batteries. In Phase II, the ADA team will synthesize solid-state electrolytes and combine them with nanocomposite electrodes to fabricate high-energy / high-power lithium-polymer batteries. A novel power system incorporating these new batteries will be demonstrated for advanced MAVs in the Phase II.

CFX Battery, Inc
1300 W. Optical Drive, Suite 300
Azusa, CA 91702
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 610-0660
Sohrab Hossain
OSD 09-EP2      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:New Power Source for Micro Aerial Vehicles
Abstract:CFX Battery Company (CFXB) has been developing a series of new primary-battery products using a proprietary new Lithium-CFx primary-battery technology developed during the past four years at Caltech and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The new technology offers very high specific energy (> 600 Wh/kg) and a dramatic improvement in power capability over previous Li-CF1 systems. CFXB proposes to adapt this technology to develop a new MAV battery that will meet or exceed all of the requirements for an improved MAV power source. During Phase I of the proposed program, CFXB will optimize its Li-CFx battery technology for the MAV application and conduct subscale battery tests to demonstrate feasibility. During Phase ll, CFXB will build and deliver full- size batteries. CFXB expects its new power source to extend the flight time of the MAV from 3X to 4X that of the current MAV battery.

CyVolt Energy Systems, Inc.
PO Box 31042
Seattle, WA 98103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 322-9714
Steven Ragsdale
OSD 09-EP2      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Power Generation and Storage for Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAV)
Abstract:This Phase I innovation research project will develop a fuel cell/battery hybrid system to power and store energy for micro-aerial vehicles (MAVs). The objective of this small business innovation research project is to develop a hybrid power system capable of powering MAVs for extended flight times as well as providing increased power for payload packages. Current battery technologies are unable to supply sufficient energy for extended periods. Fuel cells are unable to provide the short-term peak power demands for these systems. The proposed concept combines power sources to extend run time or enhance power capability, while minimizing system weight or volume. By combing the power density of secondary batteries and the energy density of fuel cells, a hybrid system could supply both the power and energy demands of mission profiles. Leveraging each technology’s strengths current flight times are anticipated to double.

Excellatron
263 Decatur Street
Atlanta, GA 30312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 584-2475
Doug Danielson
OSD 09-EP2      Awarded: 12/1/2009
Title:Power Generation and Storage for Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAV)
Abstract:Current micro air vehicles (MAV) are limited to 30 minutes of operation due to capacity of the 100 g battery they carry. Next generation MAVs utilizing an advanced power system envisioned in this project will increase the mission duration to at least 90 minutes using a 130 g battery. This increase in mission duration will require an increase in energy storage density from 125 wh/kg to 403.8 wh/kg. Advanced solid state batteries have the potential to deliver an energy density of 799 wh/kg, which would allow a MAV to achieve the objective of at least doubling the mission duration. Excellatron has years of experience developing solid state thin film battery (SSTFB) technology and is using insights gained from that experience to develop the higher performance and lower cost advanced solid state batteries.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8772
Ying Hsu
OSD 09-EP2      Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title:Microcombustion Power Generator (MPG)
Abstract:The Microcombustion Power Generator (MPG) is a new type of fueled-based power source designed for applications in the Micro Air Vehicles and other small Unmanned Aerial Systems. The MPG combusts liquid hydrocarbon fuels to produce heat and generates electrical power by thermoelectric conversion. With an estimated mass of about 130 grams, a preliminary concept for the MPG shows that it’s capable of producing 35 Watts nominal with an energy density of 420 W-hr/Kg. The projected performance of the MPG is about 3.5 times higher than the Lithium-ion battery being used by the Air Force today for the MAV. The MPG technology is also highly scalable. A concept for a 10 grams MPG power source is capable of delivering 3.5 Watts with an estimated energy density of 350 W-hr/Kg. In Phase I ISC proposes to develop a baseline MGP system design and conduct detailed designs and analyses of the major components, such as the micro combustor, heat exchanger and thermoelectric generator.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0681
Vojtech Svoboda
OSD 09-EP3      Awarded: 11/25/2009
Title:High Power Enzymatic Fuel Cell with Complete Oxidation of Fuel for Small Power System
Abstract:Our objective is to develop a high power enzymatic fuel cell (EFC) with complete oxidation of fuel, thereby delivering a state-of-the-art power supply for low power military systems. The proposed EFC will leverage ongoing research at both CFDRC and Saint Louis University to provide a fully-integrate lightweight, low-cost, manufacturable, and renewable power supply, for various military and civilian applications. This solution offers several advantages over the existing electromechanical methods; higher energy density, low-cost, environmentally-friendly catalysts, and renewable fuel supply eliminating need for replacement or recharge. In Phase I, we will demonstrate a multiple enzyme cascade to partially oxidize sucrose (table sugar) and also develop and validate a computer model to aid in the design of the electrode. Additionally, we will design all components of the entire EFC system for maximal power density. In Phase II with enhanced computer model and computer-aided design, the EFC will be further improved by design and fabrication of electrodes capable of full oxidation of sucrose. The fully- integrated prototype will be capable of providing a proof-of-concept demonstration as a low power military power source. A multi-disciplinary team with proven expertise in biomicrosystems, bioelectrochemistry, and system design has been assembled to accomplish these goals.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0159
Michael Danilich
OSD 09-EP3      Awarded: 10/27/2009
Title:Enzyme Based Biological Fuel Cell for Energy Storage and Generation
Abstract:Luna Innovations will determine the feasibility of developing a light weight enzymatic fuel cell that is capable of powering MAVs in the field at 10-10,000 mWatts. The proposed enzymatic fuel cell will provide significant improvements in power generation, stability, and life time over current biofuel cell technologies, resulting in an environmentally friendly, sustainable fuel cell technology. Additionally, the proposed technology is capable of running on various fuel sources scavenged from the surrounding environment, making it more versatile and lighter weight than traditional battery power for field operations. During Phase I Luna will fabricate multiple electrodes containing either oxidizing or reducing enzymes that will be evaluated and tested. Phase II will focus on maximizing power generation and reducing weight, while working to integrate the fuel cell technology with products such as micro air vehicles and unattended ground sensors to meet the market demand for power systems for small mobile electronic devices.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Anuncia Gonzalez-Martin
OSD 09-EP3      Awarded: 11/25/2009
Title:Enzymatic Based Bio-Fuel Cell
Abstract:Biologically-based systems using electrochemical energy conversion and storage (such as bio-fuel cells) have the potential to meet the ever increasing requirements for smaller energy storage systems for applications such as implantable electronic devices, biosensing, microelectrical mechanical systems (MEMS), and micro air vehicles (MAV). Bio-fuel cells offer the potential for highly efficient, scalable power systems with the ability to utilize a number of fuels sources, possible extracted from the surrounding environment, enabling extended power system endurance. Lynntech proposes the development of an enzymatic-based bio-fuel cell capable of delivering high power with a minimum footprint. During the Phase I project, the technical feasibility of the enzymatic biofuel cell will be demonstrated, an initial concept design will be developed, and key elements will be model to demonstrate the ability to meet specified power system requirements. During the Phase II project, a prototype power system will be designed, fabricated, tested, and delivered to DOD.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mahsa Rouhanizadeh
OSD 09-EP3      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Regenerative Enzymatic Biofuel Cell in a Multi-array Microfluidic Configuration
Abstract:To address the OSD need for biological-based energy storage and generation for small mobile power system applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Regenerative Enzymatic Biofuel cell in a Multi-Array Microfluidic Configuration (EZBiofuel). This proposed device is based on enzymatic reactions at the porous surfaces of cathode and anode electrodes, with oxygen and glucose as fuel materials. The innovations in EZBiofuel, its capability to regenerate glucose fuel via the photosynthetic process of cyanobacteria as a backup option for fuel storage, and its controllable output power with pneumatic valves in microfluidic channels will enable the system to prolong its lifetime. The array configuration of lightweight biofuel cells with porous electrodes coated with nanoparticles significantly increases the output power. Consequently, EZBiofuel offers power output in the range 10-1000 mW while weighing no more than 100 g. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the EZBiofuel by developing an initial concept design and modeling for a prototype of less than 100 g to generate power in the range 10 to 1000 mW. In Phase II, POC plans to construct and demonstrate operation of the prototype and evaluate its performance and limitations for several applications.

Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
Hammonds South, Unit Q 611 North Hammonds Ferry Road
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 636-9350
Keith Bridger
OSD 09-EP4      Awarded: 1/13/2010
Title:Wide Temperature, High Energy Density Capacitors for Power System Conditioning
Abstract:Active Signal Technologies, in collaboration with Novacap and Alfred University, will advance the development of two bismuth sodium titanate (NBT) ceramic materials with very promising dielectric properties across the temperature range -55°C to 300°C. The work will include enhanced formulation variants and improved processing techniques to optimize for permittivity, loss, breakdown voltage and resistivity. NBT-based materials were selected because Type H (the most mature example of the class) has low combined temperature and voltage coefficient resulting in a net capacitance change < 20% across the band from -40°C to +200°C at full voltage stress. At the end of Phase I the team will deliver 3 fully-packaged 1-ìF, 600-V multilayer capacitors of each type produced on standard manufacturing equipment in a production plant. The selected materials represent two different methods of achieving the same goal of very compact, reliable, temperature stable capacitors but with property mixes suitable for quite distinct power conditioning applications. Because ceramic capacitors raise concerns about adverse failure modes, the proposal addresses key issues of reliability with advanced sorting and quality control methods, and capacitor design for graceful degradation. In Phase II nano processing is introduced to reduce intrinsic flaw size and raise breakdown strength.

Akron Polymer Systems, Inc.
2990 Gilchrist Road Suite 2100
Akron, OH 44305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(330) 794-6359
Matthew J. Graham
OSD 09-EP4      Awarded: 12/16/2009
Title:Wide Temperature, High Energy Density Capacitors for Power System Conditioning
Abstract:The goal of this proposal is to fabricate a capacitor with an energy density of at least 4 J/cc that is durable over 10,000 cycles with an operational temperature range of -55 °C to 300 °C. This goal requires that a new thermally stable, high dielectric constant material be developed. It is proposed that such a dielectric layer can be achieved using nano- composites. In particular, high dielectric constant barium titanate (BT) particles will be blended with a soluble proprietary APS polymer with high thermal stability (glass transition temperature (Tg) > 350°C and a thermal decomposition temperature (Td) of at least 500°C) to obtain the targeted thermal and electrical properties. To enhance BT nano- particle dispersion while maintaining the ability to operate at high temperatures, a new POSS based thermally stable compatiblization technique has been developed. The nano- composite will be constructed by blending the dispersed BT nano-particles in a polymer solution. The mixture will be homogenized using a high speed stirrer and the resultant solution will be spun-cast to yield a high performance dielectric composite material. These composites will be evaluated of their thermal and electrical properties to identify promising candidates for use in capacitors.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2517
Robert Klein
OSD 09-EP4      Awarded: 12/29/2009
Title:Wide Temperature, High Energy Density Capacitors for Power System Conditioning
Abstract:Advanced electronics and weapons systems in current and future US military systems are placing ever increasing demands on the electric power systems that drive these electronics. These power systems require operation at higher power loads, in more compact designs, and at a reduced weight. Improved wide-temperature capacitors are a key part of the new generation of power systems, as the currently available capacitors do not provide consistent operating parameters and high energy density over a wide temperature range. Luna Innovations proposes to develop metallized polymer nanocomposite film capacitors to provide high energy density over a wide temperature range (-55 to 300 oC). Metallized polymer capacitors have significant advantages over their ceramic, electrolytic, and glass counterparts, including mechanical reliability, high energy density, graceful failure, low-cost materials and processing, and a lack of ferroelectric and piezoelectric transitions. Luna has already demonstrated a polymer nanocomposite with high energy density and reliable dielectric parameters over the range of 25 to 150 oC. In Phase I, Luna will utilize improved materials to achieve the thermal operating range and further improve energy density, work with capacitor manufacturers to ensure economical scale-up in later phases, and develop a prototype capacitor design incorporating the polymer nanocomposite.

Nanotrons, Co
12B Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
King Wang
OSD 09-EP4      Awarded: 12/2/2009
Title:Wide Temperature, High Energy Density Capacitors for Power System
Abstract:Nanotrons, in collaboration with the Nanodielectric Group headed by Prof. Lei Zhu at the Case Western Reserve University (Case Western), proposes a novel nano-engineering approach to develop a new category of nano-dielectrics for high energy density capacitor applications. The new approach combines the cutting-edge nanomaterials development and manufacture at Nanotrons and extensive experience in materials design and simulation within Case Western. The proposed nanodielectrics integrate high dielectric constant ceramic nanoparticles, a highly polarizable chemical ligand interphase, and a polyimide matrix with high breakdown strength and wide application temperature range. Our nanocomposites are expected to have a dielectric constant of 2 to 3 orders of magnitude larger than that of the matrix polymer, breakdown strength of over 200 V/ìm, dielectric loss less than 0.001, and calculated energy storage density of over 30 J/cc. These features are unattainable from the existing materials. Nanotrons also attempts to develop a scaling up process for dielectric material and identify prototype capacitor architecture. This Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach.

Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc.
200 Innovation Blvd. Suite 237
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7400
Shihai Zhang
OSD 09-EP4      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Wide Temperature, High Energy Density Capacitors for Power System Conditioning
Abstract:We propose to develop advanced high energy density and low dielectric loss film capacitors with wide operating temperature range of -55 „aC to 300 „aC. The hybrid capacitor film will be developed utilizing the sol-gel process to introduce uniformly dispersed high-K nanoparticles into high-T polymer PBI matrix. The interface interaction

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Seongtae Kwon
OSD 09-EP4      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Wide Temperature, High Energy Density Capacitors for Power Conditioning Systems
Abstract:TRS Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop ceramic capacitors as power conditioning capacitors for electrically driven military weapon systems. The proposed ceramic capacitor will combine some of the best features of high energy density, low dielectric loss, and high temperature stability. The capacitors developed on this program will have energy density >4J/cc, low power dissipation, and a wide working temperature range up to 300¡ÆC. In Phase I, ceramic multilayer capacitors will be fabricated and evaluated. This will include selection of the optimum material from paraelectric and linear dielectric ceramics, design and fabrication of capacitors and evaluation of capacitors such as breakdown strength, energy density and temperature stability. Graceful failure mode will be attempt by designing internal structure for self healing to improve the reliability of multilayer capacitors.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Nan Jiang
OSD 09-EP5      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Novel Si Nanostructure Material for Lithium-ion Battery Anode
Abstract:To obtain a noticeable improvement in the specific capacity of Li-ion battery, the conventional carbonaceous anode needs to be replaced with anodes having higher energy capacity. Si is far ahead of the other metals or metalloids in terms of high energy capacity; however, practical implementation using Si as an anode is hampered by the complete disintegration during the charge/discharge process and poor material cycle- ability. These problems are attributed to the significant volume changes that occur during charge/discharge process, resulting in poor mechanical stability and structural break- down. In order to overcome these challenges and develop Li-ion batteries with excellent charge rate capabilities and high power densities, we propose a novel nanostructured Si electrode and fabrication process that will effectively prevent particle aggravation during the charge/discharge cycle while providing high electronic conduction and mitigate structural damage that otherwise would be expected from large structural variations.

Boston-Power, Inc.
2200 West Park Drive Suite 320
Westborough, MA 01581
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 475-6333
W. F. Howard
OSD 09-EP5      Awarded: 3/8/2010
Title:Advanced Materials for Improved Safety Lithium-ion Batteries
Abstract:Boston-Power Inc. proposes a combination of high-energy Li-ion cathode materials and an electrolyte with high voltage and thermal (limited flammability) stabilities to meet the demand for ever-increasing battery run-times without sacrificing operating safety. Our target application is man-portable devices, such as communication equipment, cameras/videos, and portable computers. We will incorporate less-expensive cathode materials than conventional Li-ion batteries, and have scheduled discussions with a US chemical company to supply these compounds commercially. Evaluation of cathode intercalants and electrolyte candidates will be completed under Phase I, and a battery chemistry selected for pilot-scale production during Phase II. Boston-Power will take advantage of its expertise gained from manufacturing high-performing Sonata® batteries, which are designed for laptop computer industry and incorporate a form factor accentuating safety and cell longevity.

Inorganic Specialists
P.O. Box 181 965 Capstone Dr..
Miamisburg, OH 45343
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 865-4491
David Firsich
OSD 09-EP5      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Si-coated nanofiber paper as a lithium ion anode
Abstract:Silicon coated carbon nanofiber paper is a transformative advance for lithium ion batteries. It shows stable cycling, low irreversible capacity, almost nonexistent persistent irreversible loss, and energy storage >1000 mAh/g (based on its full weight). Its dual use for energy storage material and current collection amplifies this nominal value far higher. The proposed Phase I research involves exploring/enhancing rate capability, and it also includes an initial look into joining technology to connect the paper to a metal tab. A pilot manufacturing system has already been developed and built to continuously make the uncoated paper. Using bulk-available nanofibers and a novel Si deposition method keeps our materials cost under $185/lb, clearly practical. By coating the paper with larger amounts of silicon, it is expected that 1400mAh/g of reversible storage can be reached.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Christopher Rhodes
OSD 09-EP5      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Advanced Electrodes and Electrolytes for Improved Energy Density and Safety Lithium-Ion Batteries
Abstract:Rechargeable batteries with improved safety and significantly higher energy densities are needed to reduce the weight carried by soldiers, provide improved safety, provide power for extended duration missions, and enable constant and reliable soldier communication. Current state-of-the-art secondary lithium-ion batteries do not provide the energy density and safety needed for extended duration solider missions. The performance and safety of present lithium-ion batteries is limited by the current electrodes and electrolytes used (e.g. carbon anode, lithium cobalt oxide cathode, and organic solvent-salt electrolyte), and new materials are needed. Lynntech proposes to develop advanced rechargeable lithium-ion batteries based on advanced anode, cathode, and electrolyte components, resulting in batteries with higher energy densities and improved safety compared with current cells. During the Phase I project, Lynntech will develop advanced electrodes and electrolytes for the secondary Li-ion batteries, and evaluate the capacity, energy density, and cycle life of the components in half and full cells. During Phase II, Lynntech will optimize the cell components and evaluate the cycle life, temperature range, and rate capabilities of prototype cells to meet target specifications. The advanced rechargeable Li-ion batteries cells can provide improved safety, cost- effective, high energy density batteries for extend duration solider missions and other applications.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5051
David Ofer
OSD 09-EP5      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:Novel High Energy Lithium-Ion Battery chemistry
Abstract:TIAX will develop a novel high energy lithium-ion battery chemistry that is projected to deliver over 270 Wh/kg in 18650-size cells. The phase I program will develop and demonstrate a high voltage cathode / high voltage electrolyte chemical system that enables this cell-level energy to be achieved. Novel cathode materials will be synthesized, physically characterized, and electrochemically cycled to high voltage in novel electrolytes vs. both lithium metal and graphitic carbon anodes. Resulting data will be used to model energy content for scaled-up lithium-ion cells employing the novel chemistry.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8306
Kenneth Lux
OSD 09-EP6      Awarded: 4/7/2010
Title:CO2 Harvesting and Mobile Production of Liquid Fuel (CHAMP-Fuel)
Abstract:The proposed CO2 Harvesting And Mobile Production of Liquid Fuel (CHAMP-Fuel) process will help to reduce the number of fuel supply lines to forward-deployed bases by converting atmospheric CO2 and water into relevant amounts of fuel. Production of the fuel needs for operations on Iraq and Afghanistan via this process would yield daily fuel- cost savings of $23 Million per day, or $7 Billion annually.

Brookhaven Technology Group, Inc.
19 Bridge Road
Setauket, NY 11733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 941-8177
James Powell
OSD 09-EP6      Awarded: 3/30/2010
Title:Transportable system for production of liquid transportation fuel using atmospheric CO2 and water
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will investigate two methods of generating water and liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels, i.e. gasoline and diesel, in the field from atmospheric CO2 and water using an available non-CO2 emitting source of power. Enzymatic and molecular sieve methods are compared to determine the most appropriate for Army field use in terms of cost, weight, efficiency, readiness and transportability. The general process is to utilize electrical power and heat from available power sources to: 1) capture and recover the 385 ppm by volume of CO2 existing in the atmosphere, using physical and chemical means; 2) electrolyze water to produce hydrogen; and 3) combine the H2 and CO2, to produce the synthetic liquid hydrocarbon fuel. The CO2 would first be shifted to CO by the water gas shift reaction and then combined with H2 to produce synthetic fuel using a catalyzed Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) reaction. An alternative to F-T is a catalytic methanol reactor and dehydration to the hydrocarbon synthetic fuel. These methods will be investigated and optimized with respect to development of a mobile system that can be deployed to forward operating bases. Advanced electrolysis and F-T reactor methods are included in the study.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Alan Cisar
OSD 09-EP6      Awarded: 4/19/2010
Title:Novel Carbon Dioxide Capture Agents for the Synthesis of Sustainable Hydrocarbon Fuels
Abstract:Advanced energy conversion and storage technology is under intense development to meet the increasing power demand by the military. Consumption of petroleum-based JP-8 fuel for propulsion and for electricity generation in battlefield places a heavy logistic burden to the Army as evidenced during the recent wars. The cost and availability of this conventional energy source is becoming an important factor to the success of the military operations at present and in the future. Taking into account of the fully burdened cost of the petroleum fuel used in theater, and the extra vulnerability rendered by the dependence on this sole energy source, the Army needs to explore the possibility to develop capability to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuel from dilute (~400 ppm) but vastly abundant CO2 and water in the atmosphere anywhere on the globe. This technology, if fully developed, will enable the military to obtain a higher degree of energy security. In this activity, Lynntech is proposing a new class of CO2 binding organic liquids that chemically capture and release CO2 much more efficiently than other capture systems to extract CO2 from the air and use it as chemical feedstock for making liquid hydrocarbon fuel.

METSS Corporation
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Richard Sapienza
OSD 09-EP6      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Extraction of Atmospheric CO2 and Conversion to Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel
Abstract:Advanced energy conversion and storage technology is under intense development to meet the increasing power demand by the military. Consumption of petroleum-based JP-8 fuel for propulsion and for electricity generation on the battlefield places a heavy logistic burden to the Army as evidenced during the recent wars. The Army needs to explore the possibility of developing the capability to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuel from dilute but vastly abundant CO2 and water in the atmosphere anywhere on the globe. Under the program, METSS will conduct an evaluation of methods available for the sequestering of CO2 and water from the atmosphere. METSS will apply a room-temperature ionic liquids (RTIL) based integrated system for converting syngas to high-octane liquid hydrocarbons. This process can then provide the technology needed to design a portable, modular or single unit synfuel reactor that can be easily installed and safely operated with a minimal logistics footprint at developed, remote, and austere locations.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Gokhan Alptekin
OSD 09-EP6      Awarded: 2/26/2010
Title:A Novel System for Extraction of Atmospheric CO2
Abstract:The cost and availability of logistic fuels is becoming an important factor to the success of the military operations. There is also extra vulnerability rendered by the military’s dependence on this sole energy source for all operations. Hence, the army is interested in developing capability to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuel from dilute (~400 ppm) but vastly abundant CO2 and water in the atmosphere anywhere on the globe. The key challenge in such a technology is to recover CO2 and water available at ppm level in air and provide them as concentrated streams that are needed for conversion to hydrocarbon fuels. TDA Research, Inc proposes to develop a novel chemical sorbent-based solid-state compressor to collect and concentrate dilute atmospheric CO2 and H2O and use them as chemical feedstock to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels through reverse water gas shift (RWGS) and Fischer-Tropsch process. In Phase I, TDA will develop a high capacity, long- life regenerable sorbent that can effectively remove CO2 and H2O from air and pressurize the CO2 and H2 with applying heat to 300 psia. We will first perform bench- scale experiments to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the concept and perform many absorption and regeneration cycles (at a minimum 100 cycles) to identify the chemical life and mechanical durability of the sorbent. Based on experimental results, we will carry out a conceptual design of the CO2 capture and conversion system to produce 5,000 bbl/day of synthetic liquid fuels.

Aegis Technology
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
OSD 09-EP7      Awarded: 7/1/2010
Title:Enhancing the Utilization Efficiency of Cathode Materials in the Li Ion Batteries
Abstract:There is great interest in developing high-efficiency, lightweight Li-ion batteries with high power/energy density for various military applications such as electric drive and hybrid vehicles. One key technology to the development of such Li-ion batteries is a more advanced mateiral for cathode, in replace of the traditional LiCoO2-based material having the limted power and energy density and hence limited potential for future applications. In this SBIR project, Aegis Technology teamed with American Lithium Energy proposes to develop a novel class of phospho-olivine LiCo(Ni)PO4-based nanomaterials and the associated nanocomposite for cathodes of Li-ion batteries. This class of cathode nanomaterials, which is expected to demonstrate substantially enhanced power/energy density as compared with conventionally used cathode materials, can be also produced with a cost-effective, scalable process. In this Phase I study, we will demonstrate the technical feasibility of the proposed appoach, covering material/microstructure design, processing development, chracterization and prototyping. The Li-ion cell prototype by using such a nanomaterial cathode will be demonstrated and characterized, in order to evaluate the performance of the proposed nanocomposite in a systematic level. The successful technology development in this project will improve the design and fabrication of future Li-ion batteries with unprecedented energy density substantially exceeding those of currently available Li-ionbattery systems.

Bettergy Corp.
46 Bari Manor
Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 426-2577
Lin-Feng Li
OSD 09-EP7      Awarded: 3/10/2010
Title:High Energy Density Lithium Ion Battery Cathode Material for Military Applications
Abstract:Military operating have increasing demand for battery power source in a wide variety of applications for communications and high-power weapons, which along with rapid advancement of personal electronic industry creates a huge imbalance between battery and power requirement by ever growing power hungry portable electronics. The capacity growth of the current lithium ion battery chemistry has reached the plateau. New out-of- the-box chemistry is disparately needed, which exerts a strong market pull for a battery technology of significantly higher specific and power. Driven by the strong market pull for this technology, Bettergy has invented a unique core-shell structured high voltage composite material as cathode material for next generation lithium ion battery, which could significantly improve the energy density, power density and safety of lithium ion battery.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2476
Robert McCormack
OSD 09-HS1      Awarded: 3/29/2010
Title:Predicting the Combined Impact of Social and Environmental Models (PreCISE Models)
Abstract:While long-term, global climate change has received the attention and concern of the world’s governments and populations, less consideration has been given to the short- term seasonal and inter-annual changes in climate likely to greatly influence the management of water, food, and energy resources. The Office of the Secretary of Defense and the United States Army Corps of Engineers seek to develop a web-based tool to facilitate planning stability operations based on predictions of climate change. In response, Aptima proposes to develop PreCISE Models, a web-based decision aid that presents the predictions of uniquely-linked models of weather and human social behavior in an intuitive way that will promote planning stability operations.

Climate Forecast Applications Network, LLC
845 Spring St NW #129
Atlanta, GA 30308
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 385-4404
Hai-Ru Chang
OSD 09-HS1      Awarded: 6/22/2010
Title:PREDICTING EXTREME EVENTS ASSOCIATED WITH CLIMATE VARIABILITY/CHANGE HAVING IMPLICATIONS FOR REGIONAL STABILITY
Abstract:The proposed research takes the first steps in addressing the challenge of providing early warnings for extreme events associated with climate variability and change to support identification of potential security threats and crises. The proposed methodologies will also support adaptive management of water, energy and agricultural practices and other adaptation strategies. We propose to lay the foundation for a web-based regional risk information and early warning system based on a probabilistic multi-model ensemble forecasting scheme. The Phase I research will establish a framework for assessing regional predictability and prediction capability of triggering weather/climate events on seasonal to decadal timescales, identify opportunities for effective prediction of climate related stability and security risks, particularly as it relates to energy, water and agriculture, and provide a conceptualized web-based user tool to turn climate based security risk identification into a prediction and advance response oriented decision support system. The resulting research will provide all the necessary inputs to turn the conceptual forecast system into a functioning, state-of-the-art climate-risk decision support system geared towards identifying and responding to climate driven security threats, which can be realized via a Phase II extension.

Information International Associates, Inc.
1055 Commerce Park Drive Suite 110
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 298-1226
Franciel Azpurua-Linares
OSD 09-HS1      Awarded: 3/29/2010
Title:Weather/Climate Variability Impact on Energy, Water and Food Resources and Implications for Regional Stability
Abstract:Military planners, humanitarian organizations, and international investors face an increasing level of uncertainty regarding geopolitical areas considered critical to their respective interests. Aside from the normal factors impacting geopolitical instability the nature and pace of climate changes being observed today and the consequences projected by the consensus scientific opinion are grave and pose equally grave implications for our national security. IIa and its partner, the University of Tennessee, believe that there is currently a sufficient body of high quality, reliable information in the areas of climate change, cultural/social science, political science and world instability indicators upon which high quality predictions of regional instability can be based. We propose to integrate existing and emerging data mining and knowledge discovery techniques to achieve a leap-ahead solution to this challenge. When developed, this methodology will yield predictions about regional instability that will be of great value to military planners, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and business investors.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner''''s Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-3533
Aaron M. Novstrup
OSD 09-HS1      Awarded: 5/28/2010
Title:Integrated Information Fusion and Behavioral Modeling with Limited Historical Data
Abstract:While great progress has been made in the lowest levels of data fusion, practical advances in behavior modeling and prediction remain elusive. While there remains much room to improve data fusion algorithms, the most critical failing of existing approaches is their inability to support the required knowledge modeling and continuing refinement under constraints encountered in many real-world modeling problems, including the problem of modeling the effects of changing climate conditions on human behavior. These constraints include a lack of historic exemplars, knowledge distributed over many individuals, and the need to maintain complex models over long periods of time. The proposed Propheteer system will directly address this issue through a self-facilitating knowledge modeling approach that can flexibly exploit qualitative knowledge contributions made by individual SMEs, fuse these contributions with evidence from external data sources, and reason about multiple situation interpretations within a mathematically sound, quantitative framework of probabilistic inference. Finally, Propheteer will provide analysts with the insight required to recognize model shortcomings, and will exploit its ability to compose models from fragmentary knowledge to streamline ongoing model refinement. Our prior experience and existing software components will allow for rapid progress in Phase I prototyping and provide a solid foundation for a complete implementation in Phase II.

Alelo TLT, LLC
11965 Venice Blvd Suite 409
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 566-7272
Andre Valente
OSD 09-HS2      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:C-CORE: a Framework for Workflows in Cultural Content, Ontology, and Resource Engineering
Abstract:Virtual language and culture training environments (VEs) offer an elegant and scalable solution for equipping Warfighters with cultural competency skills, in particular by allowing learners to entrench their procedural knowledge through practice-interactions with computer-generated forces (CGFs). To realize these promised gains, we require a way to develop trainers quickly and efficiently for multiple operation-specific environments, and methods for updating them based on new intelligence. In response, Alelo proposes a Cultural Architecture Generator called C-CORE, a framework for workflows in Cultural Content, Ontology, and Resource Engineering. C-CORE is a suite of authoring tools that result in highly authorable, culturally-aware CGFs that are platform- and scenario- independent. The resulting CGFs recognize and exhibit both speech and gestures, and they track learner responses for meaningful After Action Review. C-CORE leverages our existing authoring tools and extends them by supporting new semi-structured information sources like HUMINT and web-based data streams (to support model updates) as well as historical runs of the system (to support unit testing).

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
OSD 09-HS2      Awarded: 3/5/2010
Title:Culturally and Socially Aware Believable Agents (CASABA)
Abstract:Stability operations often require junior leaders and Warfighters with limited experience to interact and communicate personally and effectively with people whose cultures, languages, lifestyle, and beliefs are very different from those found in the U.S. It has become increasingly clear that strategy, operational plans, and implementing procedures must occur in the context of local cultural constraints to be effective. We propose to develop easy-to-use tools for creating virtual environments for socio-cultural training applications, including CGFs which can generate behavior and interpret their surroundings (including the trainee and his actions) based on realistic, nuanced cultural behavior models that are updated in real-time based on real-world data sources. We propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of Culturally And Socially Aware Believable Agents (CASABA), a tool for rapidly creating socially and culturally realistic virtual agents for immersive cultural training applications that dynamically adapt to the changing cultural environment. CASABA can deliver the required immersive cultural training to warfighters both before deployment as well as during deployment to best prepare Warfighters for mission success across a full spectrum of operations and cultures.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Glenn Taylor
OSD 09-HS2      Awarded: 2/11/2010
Title:Plug and Play Cultural Avatars for Training
Abstract:Immersive training environments tend to be good at graphics, but lack realistic cultural content, especially in regard to highly interactive cultural characters. There is a growing gap created by the ever-increasing need for realistic cultural training and the lack of availability of interactive cultural training environments. There are a number of ongoing efforts aimed at building cultural models. However, these models often suffer from low fidelity expression of cultural behavior, are typically tied to particular virtual environment platforms, and lack natural modes of interaction with trainees. With our partners at Vcom3D, we have been developing portable cultural avatars that combine the cognitive and physical aspects of cultural behavior, can generate realistic facial expressions and cultural gestures, and which have been inserted in a number of virtual environments. We propose to extend this existing work to include (1) new input and output modalities (e.g., gesture and speech), (2) scenario-building tools, and (3) after-action review capabilities, to simultaneously increase the state of the art in interactive cultural training while decreasing the cost to build and deploy those models in realistic training scenarios.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2476
Robert McCormack
OSD 09-HS3      Awarded: 2/16/2010
Title:FACETS: Forecasting Activities through Cultural, Epidemiological, and Temporal Semantics
Abstract:A central challenge for the U.S. armed forces is trying to forecast how host nation populations may respond to both planned and unplanned military activities. These activities include natural and human caused events that may be kinetic or non-kinetic in nature. To address this issue, we propose to develop the Forecasting Activities through Cultural, Epidemiological, and Temporal Semantics (FACETS) system. FACETS will allow company level and above military planners and leaders to use agent-based models of a given population to forecast likely opinion changes of individuals and groups to certain events. FACETS will be rooted in theories of social identity and influence to better shape the socio-cultural landscape of a given population. Furthermore, FACETS will apply epidemiological inspired models of information spread to help forecast when and where opinions to events will change within a population. To accomplish this, FACETS will incorporate latent semantic variable techniques to find relevant events, topics, and associated opinions within a wide span of internet data sources which will serve as the informational and event space of the population.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0782
Benjamin Tyler
OSD 09-HS3      Awarded: 2/10/2010
Title:Algorithmic Behavior Forecasting
Abstract:In modern warfare, the ability for commanders to accurately forecast the behavior of a given population is essential for making high-quality decisions that can determine the success or failure of a mission. Anthropological experts can provide help to commanders in assessing certain situations and would-be effects of alternative actions, but such experts may not have enough up-to-date information, and they often bring their own biases. An alternative approach to behavior forecasting is to use computational methods, which have the benefits of being usable by non-experts, can be updated with the latest data in an automated fashion, and are free from personal bias. Aware of these issues, the OSD is seeking solutions for algorithmic behavioral forecasting. EDAptive Computing, Inc. (ECI) team proposes MAMBA, which will result in an innovative and commercially viable prototype system whose architecture and processes will result in more accurate and robust forecasts of human population behaviors. Through innovative algorithms and modeling techniques, embedded into a flexible and intuitive simulation framework, MAMBA will provide a solution to aid commanders in making decisions that involve such populations.

Intelligent Models, Inc.
10303 Sweetwood Ave
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 366-1194
Alexander Lubbyansky
OSD 09-HS3      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Algorithmic Behavior Forecasting
Abstract:The success of United States'' military and Security-Stabilization-Transition-and- Reconstruction missions often hinges on the ability to understand and accurately predict the complex socio-cultural terrains of the theater of operations. The acquisition of mission-critical knowledge about the local population, conducted today by anthropological experts, is slow and prone to biases, resulting in inadequate knowledge pool, faulty recommendations, and inaccurate forecasts. To promote the rapid acquisition and effective use of the relevant socio-cultural knowledge, we propose to develop CASCADE (Computational Assessment of Socio-Cultural Action Dynamics and Events), which automates the processes of: (1) mission-critical knowledge discovery; (2) forecasting of populations’ potential responses to military-relevant events; and (3) discovery of effective means to shape populations’ responses and attitudes. CASCADE provides a unique computational framework for modeling socio-cultural terrains and dynamic behaviors and scenarios. It exploits the similarity of how behaviors are generated at the macro and micro levels to utilize the quantitative models of neural mechanisms to encode the higher-level individual and group behaviors.

SET Associates Corporation
1005 N. Glebe Rd. Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 818-9925
David Anhalt
OSD 09-HS3      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:Algorithmic Behavior Forecasting
Abstract:SET Corporation proposes to develop software for HSCB modeling, analysis and forecasting that can provide insight into potential outcomes of policy decisions, operational actions, and rules of engagement. The Forecasting Cultural Analysis and Simulation Tool (4CAST) will enable modeling of individual and group attitudes and behaviors. Analyst bias will be mitigated by: use of cultural primitives, timeline variation, semantic substitutions to Course of Action events, and other techniques. The result will be Monte Carlo simulations that identify critical event-chains that may impact operational plans. 4CAST will enable (1) rapidly access to a rich knowledge base of descriptive information about the society of interest, (2) rapid understanding of the potential influence of cultural factors on actions and effects of interest, (3) modeling and reasoning about the underlying socio-cultural factors that motivate and control the actions of leaders and populations, (4) identification of topics and areas of concern from a socio-cultural viewpoint so that planners can consider these factors when creating military, SSTR, and relief plans, and (5) generation of plausible futures that take into account the sequencing and timing of events –environment-related, socio-cultural, governmental, and military.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Robert Bechtel
OSD 09-HS3      Awarded: 2/23/2010
Title:Gleaner
Abstract:Most behavioral forecasting is done by social scientists or area experts, but they are a limited resource. Forecasting tools are needed to assist commanders’ decision-making directly, especially when there are no social scientists on hand. Such tools cannot require that the users hold PhDs, but must be usable and useful to commanders and staff expert in military decision-making. Soar Technology propose to extend the Power Structure Toolkit conflict modeling and forecasting tools to develop a decision-support tool suited for use in the field by commander-level decision makers. This enhanced PSTK will feature components for automatic model building based on data ingest from a variety of sources, but will be cast in terms familiar to the commander and will help explain its forecasts.

Alelo TLT, LLC
11965 Venice Blvd Suite 409
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 566-7272
Lewis Johnson
OSD 09-HS4      Awarded: 2/1/2010
Title:Using Serious Games for Socio-Cultural Scenario Training
Abstract:Alelo proposes to develop a framework for scenario-based training in operational cultural competence comprised of a toolset for developing training scenarios, and a run-time execution engine that can be integrated with a variety of game-based training environments. The scenario construction toolset will enable military users to develop and reuse socio-cultural training scenarios, including trainee performance standards. The run- time execution engine will incorporate instrumentation to compare trainee performance to the training objectives, and provide automated after-action review and remediation capabilities. The proposed framework will be designed to be platform independent, and at the same time integrate as seamlessly as possible with the user interface of specific game platforms, to provide trainees and trainers with a coherent, easy-to-use training environment. In order to produce accelerated results and best leverage DoD funding, we will leverage a number of technologies developed by Alelo in previous research and development projects.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2437
Webb Stacy
OSD 09-HS4      Awarded: 3/2/2010
Title:Authoring By Cultural Demonstration
Abstract:Modern military missions require soldiers to communicate effectively and at a personal level with people whose cultures, languages, lifestyles, and beliefs are very different from their own. Constructing suitable, game-based, culturally relevant scenarios to prepare soldiers for effective communication is difficult, time-consuming, and expensive. Aptima proposes an innovative extension of cognitive science, technology and COTS scenario-authoring tools to simplify the creation of cultural concepts by non-programmers that will run the existing scenarios in a game-engine agnostic environment. Authoring By Cultural Demonstration (ABCD) will use radial categories as a framework for generalizing from space and time to vignettes containing gesture, facial expression, language, and other cultural abstractions. ABCD will connect the generalized vignettes into a cultural envelope that constitutes the scenario. Trainee’s actions during scenario execution will be monitored to ensure that the trainee stays within the envelope and inevitably encounters the cultural training opportunity.

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
Wayne Zachary
OSD 09-HS4      Awarded: 2/24/2010
Title:A Framework for Experiential-learning Design (FRED) with associated tools for Just-in-time Authoring of Cultural Knowledge (JACK)
Abstract:Overseas contingency operations and the growing importance of irregular warfare have created an increased need to train military personnel on non-kinetic activities in diverse socio-cultural environments. Serious games --simulation based training using computer game technology -- offers a promising approach to meeting this need, but the technology must first surmount challenges in the form of high development costs, poor integration with instructional methods and science of learning, low fidelity in Non-Player Character (NPC) cultural behaviors, and limited capability for customization post-deployment. To address these challenges, CHI Systems proposes a novel instructional and architectural vision called the Framework for Experiential-learning Design (FRED) with associated tools for Just-in-time Authoring of Cultural Knowledge (JACK). Cultural and non-kinetic skill training applications created and delivered with FRED integrate didactic instruction, game- based practice with individualized scaffolding, adaptive instructional sequencing, culturally realistic NPCs, and trainee performance assessment, all driven from an explicit hierarchy of learning objectives. The FRED architecture and JACK tools will leverage CHI System’s VECTOR, CulturePad, PAC and CAPOTE technologies to create a low-cost, computationally light-weight, deployable and transportable architecture for developing and delivering game-based cultural and non-kinetic training that is tied to the science of learning.

Vcom3D, Inc.(formerly Seamless Solutions, Inc.)
3452 Lake Lynda Dr., Suite 260
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 737-7309
Edward M. Sims
OSD 09-HS4      Awarded: 2/9/2010
Title:Tools to Create Serious Games with a Cultural Context
Abstract:For this SBIR project, Vcom3D and our partners at Soar Technology propose to develop a toolkit for rapidly creating Serious Games that train tactical application of cultural knowledge in authentic, experiential environments. This toolkit will extend the two Company’s platform independent Plug-and-Play Cultural Avatar (PnPCA) architecture by providing tools to rapidly create new scenarios that can incorporate emerging commercial and open source speech and gesture recognition technologies, speech generation, and ingestion of new cultural data. A key feature of the toolkit will be to make scenario authoring, performance monitoring, and performance remediation available to the actual users of the serious games. Critical components of the technology will be demonstrated on multiple platforms, including mobile, Web-based, and multi-user virtual world environments.

AFCO Systems Development Inc
150 Broadhollow Rd
Melville, NY 11747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 424-3935
Godfrey Vassallo
OSD 09-IA1      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Real-time Adversarial Characterization and Adaptive Software Protection Countermeasures
Abstract:Rather than continuing to approach cyber security problems in a reactive fashion, ASD proposes to move to a proactive posture; anticipating and eliminating vulnerabilities while also being prepared to effectively and rapidly defend against attacks. Our approach collects data about the attacker as well as the attack, which it processes in real time. The data (observations) is then used by our protection technology to adapt to an on-going attack, while protecting and ensuring the operational integrity of the software under its protection. Our proposed approach contains four elements: • A secure coprocessor base platform that will be extended and enhanced • An adaptation of the OODA loop through a countermeasures autonomous agent • An innovative, optically-based and powered sensor subsystem • A multi-agent computer defense system that is based upon immunological principles

Clear Hat Consulting, Inc.
1207 Cole Rd.
Orlando, FL 32803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 896-7010
Shawn Embleton
OSD 09-IA1      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Real-time Adversarial Characterization and Adaptive Software Protection Countermeasures
Abstract:This proposal seeks to address the problem of computer system survivability. Survivability can be defined as the capability of a system to fufill its mission in the presence of attacks, failures, or accidents. Properties that increase survivability include resistance to attacks, the recognition of attacks and resulting damage, the recovery of essential services following an attack, and the ability to adapt to minimize the damage from future attacks. In general, the biological immune system performs better at these survivability tasks than current computer security systems. For this reason, we have chosen to look to the biological immune system for inspiration in designing am adaptive cyber attack response mechanism. The final goal of the effort will be an adaptive, light weight, multi-layered response system that intrinsically promotes system survivability.

Codebex Inc.
8 Crown Court
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 470-2498
Ryan Knotts
OSD 09-IA1      Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title:Platform for Real-time Adversarial Characterization and Adaptive Software Protection Countermeasures
Abstract:Cyber threats to information systems and cyber-based critical infrastructure are expanding and evolving in techniques that avoid being detected, altered, and reverse engineered. Traditionally an attacker would utilize known vulnerabilities and leverage commercial or open source tools. The next generation of attackers may carry out more sophisticated attacks such as firmware modifications, BIOS implants, and hardware exploits. These evolving attacks continue to plague systems and networks due to their inability to adapt over time. Most of these systems rely on outdated information, rules, and signatures to detect and stop attacks. Codebex proposes an innovative platform that provides a secure, extensible, and out-of-band system for detecting, adapting, responding to new and more sophisticated attacks.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Avenue Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 626-6616
Louis Testa
OSD 09-IA1      Awarded: 11/16/2009
Title:Active Defense Against Code Injection Attacks
Abstract:The threat posed by remote cyber attacks has grown every year, with nation state attacks being the hardest to detect and blunt. A common cyber attack method against remote systems is the code injection attack, where the attacker finds flaws in a remote application then forces the application to execute injected code. Code injection attacks can give the attacker unlimited access to the attacked system and thereby an entryway into a secure network. An attacker will often follow this attack by leaving software that will allow for unlimited future access. Code injection attacks can be very difficult to detect, as they often use program flaws not known to the security community. These attacks continue to be developed to get around current defense mechanisms: signature detection and spectrum analysis. A more general approach of identifying and catching these attacks in progress is needed. We propose investigating a code injection attack detector based on abstract interpretation which would catch new types of attacks before they are publicly known. This detector would be combined with an active defense mechanism that could be configured to block the attacks while allowing a security officer to gather information about the attackers'' methods.

Smart Information Flow Technologies, d/b/a SIFT
211 N 1st St. Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 789-0559
Dan Thomsen
OSD 09-IA1      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:GRASP: Global Recognition of Attacker Signatures and Policy Response
Abstract:GRASP integrates three innovative new technologies: application intrusion detection, proactive deception of attackers, and application intrusion response into technology to collect intelligence on the humans behind cyber attacks and adapt the mandatory operating system policy to prevent the intrusion in the future. Once detected, intruders are silently redirected to the secure GRASP Deception Shell, a software decoy. The Deception Shell presents varying sequences of stimuli. The attackers responses reveal information about the human behind the attack, such as what languages they speak, their cultural knowledge, and their attack skills and resources. Using data mining techniques these attacker metrics create attacker signatures that identify or partially identify the attacker. In response to the intrusion GRASP also adapts the low-level security policy to prevent the intrusion in the future, by monitoring and adapting resource accesses. Safety mechanisms are in place to ensure the evolving security policy does not impact legitimate users conducting mission critical tasks. Together the GRASP components provide intelligence and security currently unavailable to critical applications.

Assured Information Security, Inc.
245 Hill Road
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 336-3306
Joseph Sharkey
OSD 09-IA2      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Countering Covert Access with SecureCore
Abstract:The x86 architecture’s inherent security model has a very large attack surface due to the fact that a large amount of software runs in a privileged level and has unfettered access to critical system state. Software used for data piracy or exfiltration, stealthy execution, malicious alteration of critical information, or control of network end-nodes takes advantage of this large attack surface to develop increasingly complex covert access methods. Countering such advanced attacks requires equally sophisticated techniques to reduce attack susceptibility and ensure trust. To this end, AIS, Inc. will leverage the SecureCore platform, a current AFRL/RI research program, to provide new capabilities that counter various classes of covert access methods. Using SecureCore to mitigate covert access effectively reduces the attack surface of the system. AIS, Inc. has already demonstrated the capability for SecureCore to prevent a number of specific covert access techniques; this effort will examine the feasibility of extending SecureCore to sufficiently address a wide variety of advanced access methods. These findings will lead to new opportunities to protect our systems from new and emerging threats and will pave the way for transition of the technology into a commercial product.

Clear Hat Consulting, Inc.
1207 Cole Rd.
Orlando, FL 32803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 896-7010
Sherri Sparks
OSD 09-IA2      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Countermeasures to Covert Access Methods to Reduce Attack Susceptibility and Ensure Trust
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to develop software and data protection technologies that provide countermeasures to sophisticated covert access methods on critical end node computer systems. We believe that machine learning algorithms can be applied to low level data streams in order to detect and prevent sophisticated, covert attacks against such systems. Machine learning algorithms have been successfully applied to the problem of network based intrusion detection, however, little research has been done toward applying them to other types of intrusive behavior that manifests in lower level non network based data streams. Furthermore, we believe that our approach has the potential to significantly advance the current state of technology for detecting sophisticated covert or intrusive system behavior. Anticipated benefits include a rational method of dealing with the false positive problem that has plagued many prior heuristic detection methods and the development of a generic detection platform applicable to both Operating System Dependent attacks like kernel rootkits and more sophisticated Operating System Independent attacks like SMM / BIOS rootkits. The end goal of this effort will be a unified framework capable of detecting both types of attack.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0783
Jorge Sanchez
OSD 09-IA2      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Countermeasures to Covert Access Methods to Reduce Attack Susceptibility and Ensure Trust
Abstract:Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the solicitation; we will develop software and data protection tools to detect and provide countermeasures to sophisticated covert access methods on computer systems. This includes hardware- based attacks which are currently undetectable through software-only approaches. The proposed EDAptive® TrEMBlE solution builds on previous EDAptive Computing, Inc (ECI) knowledge and technology – itself innovative – to provide detection of hardware-assisted attacks, otherwise undetectable through software only approaches. The resulting capabilities will result in a customized PCIe device and co-processor which will monitor traffic between non-trusted devices, detect anomalies, and create decoys for maliciously coded firmware attacks.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Jim Spadaro
OSD 09-IA2      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Countermeasures to Covert Access Methods to Reduce Attack Susceptibility and Ensure Trust
Abstract:The majority of existing computer security products and software development efforts have assumed that the OS kernel, firmware, and low-level subsystems of the underlying computer architecture are trusted entities. However, recent demonstrations of novel and sophisticated attacks on several fundamental components found in standard laptops, desktops, and servers have emphasized that the foundations of trust upon which critical systems are built must be thoroughly re-examined. Pikewerks proposes to address deep- level vulnerabilities within computer systems through the development of a novel proactive monitoring approach for detecting and preventing even the most sophisticated covert access methods from achieving successful exploitation. Our approach seeks to prevent attacks by malicious insiders, intelligence operatives, or other sophisticated saboteurs that subvert core processing capabilities of a computer system by attacking low-level components such as maintenance processor modes (SMM), BIOS modules, hardware-assisted hypervisors, and peripheral firmware. The result of this Phase I effort will be a security design and proof-of-concept implementation that reduces a system’s susceptibility to low-level exploits while also providing high assurance that the fundamental components and devices of the computer system are operating in a trustworthy manner.

Sentar, Inc.
315 Wynn Drive Suite 1
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Al Underbrink
OSD 09-IA2      Awarded: 11/10/2009
Title:Legerdemain: An Illusion-based system to thwart covert access and exfiltration
Abstract:The integration of software and components from multiple sources, the interconnection of systems via the internet, and the rapid pace of change in the computer industry as a whole virtually guarantee the continued emergence of threats to systems and information via new and undetected vulnerability vectors. Moreover, malicious insiders and social engineering can also be involved in cases of covert access, as can access points that must be kept open for normal system operations. Even in cases where software and hardware exist and remediation is possible, vendors often cannot be counted on to provide solutions in a timely manner. Taken together, these factors present an opportunity to attackers, giving them numerous avenues of attack, and consequently, “first move” advantage. There is therefore a need to restore initiative to the legitimate administrators of systems that are vulnerable to attack. Sentar, Inc. and Lockheed Martin have teamed to develop Legerdemain. Legerdemain protection strategies consist of combinations of deceptive techniques that can be either anticipatory or reactive. The Legerdemain approach applies illusionist “sleight of hand” techniques to manipulate both the items to be protected and the protection mechanisms in order to secure CPI against network-based attacks, host-based attacks, and reverse engineering.

BlueRISC Inc
28 Dana Street
Amherst, MA 01002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 549-0599
Kristopher Carver
OSD 09-IA3      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Software Protection to Fight through an Attack
Abstract:This project proposes the research of an adaptive software-protection technology based on moving critical software components and data in and out-of-band depending on whether an attack is ongoing or not, and its severity. The approach is based on adaptive and gradual increase of the protection, deployed at runtime, by varying the fraction of the execution and data mapped to one or more trusted hardware protection devices (HPDs) during an attack. The proposed solution will considerably improve the security provided by current state-of-the-art software protection solutions and will provide a means for software to remain operational and trustworthy during an attack.

Computer Measurement Laboratory, Inc.
128 E Pine Avenue
Meridian, ID 83642
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 884-2138
John Munson
OSD 09-IA3      Awarded: 11/5/2009
Title:The Design of Defensive Software Systems
Abstract:CML proposes to extend its current work in dynamic kernel monitoring for attack recognition and mitigation. The focus of this proposal is on mitigating the effects of an attack on executing software process by an individual user. The object of interest is the mapping of the activity of a user of a software system onto a model of their normal use of this software. In the construction of a mathematical model of certified software activity there two distinct sources of variation in the actual execution vocabulary of the software: the variation that is due to the differences between users of the application and the variation with each user in the way that they use the software. In our previous research investigations we have focused on the total variation of activity across all users. To establish a defensive posture for software that is being misused by an authenticated user, we must construct multiple models of normal activity; one for each user. In this new research aspect we will increase the level resolution for software activity to the individual user level. This will, in turn, permit the system to recognize and react to the abnormal activity per individual user.

GrammaTech, Inc
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Alexey Loginov
OSD 09-IA3      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Software Protection to Fight through an Attack
Abstract:New vulnerabilities and attacks on software applications and the underlying systems are discovered daily. Most security research focuses on detection of attacks--typically, by monitoring the execution of an application and detecting anomalous behavior. Little attention has been paid to how an application should respond to an attack. Generally, it is assumed that the application under attack is terminated and, possibly, restarted. While such a response eliminates the threat of being compromised, it is not appropriate for many types of systems: for safety-critical systems, systems that must remain operational for long periods of time, and systems that use persistent data (such as file systems and databases), rebooting to restore a safe state (even when an attack is detected) is often not an option. We propose a tool that will allow applications to recover from attacks and remain operational. The tool will monitor the execution of a program and, once an attack is detected, will repair the application’s run-time state corrupted by the attack to keep the application operational. As a separate once-per-application task performed offline, the tool will use a combination of advanced dynamic and static program-analysis techniques to learn the invariants necessary for repairing the application’s run-time state.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Cody Buntain
OSD 09-IA3      Awarded: 11/5/2009
Title:Deception Studio: Attacker Characterization and Dynamic Relocation
Abstract:One of the most significant weaknesses that faces modern software protection solutions is the reliance on static policies and rule sets that are established based on “known” attack methods at the time of development. In reality, attacks are not static; they adapt over time, and evolve to defeat protections as they are made public. Pikewerks proposes to address both of these weaknesses by developing a system, referred to as Deception Studio that characterizes and appropriately reacts to attackers in real-time. As has been successfully implemented in traditional warfare, it will strive to shape the attacker’s perception, and create an illusion capable of manipulating their planning process. This concept is based on the combat operations process defined by John Boyd referred to as Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act (OODA). Deception Studio will characterize the attack, and tailor defenses based on what is observed.

Zephyr Software LLC
2040 Tremont Rd
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 974-1356
Clark L. Coleman
OSD 09-IA3      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Lightweight Virtualization to Detect, React, and Adapt to Cyber Attacks
Abstract:Many software defenses against reverse engineering, piracy, and tampering rely on disabling the software when such attacks are detected. The proposed research makes innovative use of proces-level software virtualization on a per-application basis to defeat such attacks without disabling the software. The virtualization technology keeps normal operational run time overhead low, invoking more expensive graded responses only after an attack is initially detected and defeated. The graded responses will be powerful enough to cope with determined nation-state attackers possessing powerful attack resources. The defenses can be thought of as a control system, in which sensors detect attacks and actuators provide graded responses to attacks. The architecture of the defensive system is extensible, permitting further research and development to add new sensors for additional attack classes of concern to the defense community (e.g. back doors and implanted Trojan horses).

AVIRTEK, INC
1236 E. Grant Rd
Tucson, AZ 85719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 312-9550
Tejaswini Chadaga
OSD 09-IA4      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Autonomic Knowledge Representation Construction for Software Protection Systems
Abstract:The increased complexity, scale and capabilities of current software elements make current security tools and technologies incapable to protect software against attacks. It also makes it very hard to proactively detect their vulnerabilities that might be exploited by attackers. Our focus will be to investigate and study the construction of a near human knowledge representation of the state of a system that is running an application of interest, in order to protect that application from reverse engineering and tampering attacks. The underlying assumption here is that through continuously monitoring a correct and sufficient set of applications, system resources, and communications metrics, the AKRCSPS will be able to determine any hostile behavior. Once the hostile behavior is detected and characterized, the AKRCSPS will plan what reaction is to be taken to perform protection and countermeasure actions. Furthermore, through the use of autonomous agents, we can destroy the ability of the attacker in launching attacks against our system. The capabilities that will be developed in Phase I of this project will be critical to construct the autonomic representation knowledge about the software’s state and defend against software attacks to achieve superiority for current and future software protection system.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Catherine D. Call
OSD 09-IA4      Awarded: 11/24/2009
Title:Software Protection through Autonomic Representation of Knowledge (SPARK)
Abstract:Cyberspace is a war-fighting domain, and cyber warfare poses a real and significant threat to the security of the United States. Today’s nation-state-class attacks target critical software applications and intellectual property via acts of piracy, theft, and reverse engineering. They are increasingly difficult to differentiate from normal operations and often take advantage of users’ trust in a system’s operating environment, hardware, memory, I/O, and other attack vectors. To counter such novel attacks, software protection systems must move beyond traditional and defeatable solutions that rely on signatures and integrity checks. Such protection systems must provide a near-human ability to derive meaning and draw quantitative conclusions from system event data and must adopt a machine learning approach to improve their ability to detect, prevent and remediate novel attacks with experience. To meet these requirements, we propose to develop a Software Protection through Autonomic Knowledge Representation (SPARK) system to provide human-assisted knowledge construction and machine learning within an otherwise autonomic attack detection and software protection system. Key features of our system include the use of multiple modeling techniques to ensure a “best fit” to the underlying state, events and run-time context and a natural language processing-based approach to knowledge construction and representation.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Chris Lomont
OSD 09-IA4      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Autonomic Knowledge Representation Construction for Software Protection Systems
Abstract:Leveraging our current thrust of research into novel modes of computer, this project will focus on characterizing the state of the system using low-level descriptors abstracted with machine learning and processed to identify normal operation from varying levels of suspicious behavior. With this, we will be able to thwart novel attacks, providing a needed and novel security capability.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5255
Wilbur Peng
OSD 09-IA4      Awarded: 11/18/2009
Title:Extracting and Representing Knowledge for Software Protection Systems
Abstract:The key innovation of our proposed approach is an extensible pluggable framework for the creation of knowledge-based, autonomic host-based software protection systems. The architecture will consist of an integrated knowledge representation approach across and within abstraction levels. It enables the autonomic system to map from low level concepts (events, logs) to high level concepts and incorporate human knowledge about the operational environment and domain. It will enable the integration of disparate models of the software system, including both static analysis and runtime observation. Pluggable elements within the architecture include filters, preprocessors and log analyzers, clustering, data mining and trace analysis frameworks, and pluggable dependencies and behavior patterns analysis and visualization approaches. The approach will use both static analysis of software code as well as stored software application profiles to characterize baseline and anomalous application state. Outputs of the system include human understandable representations and visualizations of anomaly types, detected event patterns and classifier outputs.

WebWise Security, Inc.
Building B, Suite #227 5266 Hollister Avenue
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 696-6910
Giovanni Vigna
OSD 09-IA4      Awarded: 11/9/2009
Title:Autonomic Knowledge Representation Construction for Software Protection Systems
Abstract:Applications that are deployed using the web or that are based on web services are becoming more common and sophisticated, handling confidential and sensitive information, such as health records, credit card data, and social security numbers. Unfortunately, the wide accessibility of these applications, the critical nature of the data they handle, and the frequent lack of effective security mechanisms in their implementation have made these applications and services the favorite targets of attackers, who are looking for monetary gain or intelligence. We propose to develop an autonomic protection system based on machine learning techniques that builds a knowledge base associated with web applications and services and leverages this information to protect the modeled applications/services from novel attacks. In addition, the proposed system implements a model-driven request routing system that allows for the dispatching of possibly-malicious requests to versions of the web application/service that contain sanitized version of sensitive information. The resulting system will be able to automatically reconfigure the processing of requests so that both the impact of an attack and the consequences of a false positive are minimized.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Curt Wu
OSD 09-IA5      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Cyber Situational Awareness Service and Software Development Kit (CSASS)
Abstract:Cyber warfare tactics can covertly turn our forces’ technological strength into an operational weakness. While much of the attention in both the military and commercial cyber security communities is on abrupt and blunt attacks on the network, the most insidious cyber threat to our forces are subtle and persistent attacks leading to compromised databases, processing algorithms, and displays. All warfighters must be given a tool to identify these subtle cyber attacks, to understand the effects these attack may have on decision-making, and to continue the fight in spite of such an attack. To address these needs, we propose to design and demonstrate a Cyber Situational Awareness Service and Software Development Kit (CSASS) that monitors, assesses, and communicates enterprise health information to support real-time warfighter decision- making. To accomplish this, we will identify a scenario to perform a work-centered evaluation of the implication of enterprise health on warfighter situational awareness and establish a supporting domain ontology. Also, we will design a monitoring engine built on stream processing technology which will listen for system interactions to feed a networked intelligent agent architecture that will provide continuous, real-time assessment of unfolding complex cyber behaviors to the warfighter.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Ronald Fernandes
OSD 09-IA5      Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title:Cyber Network Attack and Intrusion Detection and Recovery Environment (CYANIDE)
Abstract:Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) proposes to develop Cyber Network Attack and Intrusion Detection and Recovery Environment (CYANIDE), a customizable environment for developing, testing and deploying sensing and monitoring technology for centralized and distributed cyber attacks on a wide range of information and sensor networks. CYANIDE is an intrusion detection and recovery experimentation framework that emulates behaviors of host cyber networks as well as attack processes and intrusion detection techniques. It is intended for new cyber network infrastructure such as semantic web enablement based sensor webs, grid and cloud networks, mobile ad hoc networks and wireless sensor networks. Because classical signature-based and anomaly detection based techniques are ineffective in such networks, KBSI will investigate new graph- based intrusion detection techniques on the CYANIDE platform.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Erik Lotspeich
OSD 09-IA5      Awarded: 11/19/2009
Title:Data Aggregation and Visualization Environment
Abstract:The rapid increase in diverse and interconnected Information Technology (IT) applications necessitates software solutions that can simultaneously provide cyber situation awareness and real-time status of health of the networked environment. There is a pressing need to aggregate and consolidate information from mission-critical systems and sensors. A unified means of visualization abstracts low-level details so that decisions can be made with confidence – an operator must be able to trust the management console; this is especially true during an attack or failure of infrastructure or sensors when the ability to “fight through” the attack requires continued management of the infrastructure and interpretation of the collected data. Pikewerks will develop a Data Aggregation and Visualization Environment (DAVE) for portraying situation awareness and overall enterprise health within a cyber network. DAVE will be platform independent, support multiple domains and provide an interface for distributed plugins. The distributed plugins will be used for data processing, collection, and dispatching agents for situation awareness, healing and new sensor types.

Real-Time Innovations
385 Moffett Park Drive, Suite 115
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 990-7439
Ariel Salomon
OSD 09-IA5      Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title:Developing Cyber Situation Awareness for Enterprise Health
Abstract:To ensure survival, next-generation networks in defense enterprise systems must monitor the health of each component, detect failures and anomalies, and fight through attacks. Currently-deployed intrusion detection systems (IDS) and network monitoring tools cannot provide the complete view and seamless access required to understand and react quickly. Real-Time Innovations (RTI) will develop a distributed framework that can collect status from an ISR or enterprise network, integrate the information into a common picture, and deliver the data for analysis fast enough to respond decisively. The framework will integrate the most proven commercial and open-source sensors and probes. Data-Distribution Service (DDS) standard-compliant middleware will provide portable, interoperable, real-time data delivery. Operators and analysis servers will then simply subscribe to this data, learn the schema, and perform analysis, aggregation, or recording. RTI has extensive experience with sensor fusion, defense networks, visualization, and supporting TRL 8/9 technology in mission-critical applications. We will collaborate with Prime and Government partners to validate our architectural design for applicability in complex military systems. This research will build an open, extensible infrastructure for collecting, visualizing, analyzing, and reacting to health information in real-time. Dynamic, real-time Situational Awareness (SA) will increase network reliability and agility during offensive and defensive cyber conflict.

Zel Technologies, LLC
54 Old Hampton Lane
Hampton, VA 23669
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 722-5565
James K. Williams
OSD 09-IA5      Awarded: 11/6/2009
Title:Developing Cyber Situation Awareness for Enterprise Health
Abstract:Zel Technologies will provide a feasibility report and demonstrate a proof-of-concept Enterprise Health and Situation Awareness (EHSA) prototype for mission-oriented network situation awareness and enterprise health. We will extend our existing automated Course of Action (COA) Modeler (ACAM) with two emerging technological enablers in this effort: security metrics (SM) and visual analytics (VA). We enhance results from traditional sensors and conventional situation assessment solutions for network operations with new sensors and ambiguity resolution. ACAM enables anticipatory and predictive awareness at enterprise and enclave levels. Our concept includes a unique data mining capability for unifying data from multiple sources and indicating possible new observables from ontology changes detected in the data itself. Automated ontology creation integrates observations from existing and emerging sensors and sensor webs, and offers the capability of creating new sensors compatible with a distributed semantic sensor web. Human understanding is aided by advanced VA techniques for knowledge representation that provide 2D, 3D, and non-traditional displays with interactive levels of detail. Combined information supports visualization displays for distributed cooperative decision makers to determine the effects of network cyber attacks on the mission and organization. The prototype will provide the information and capability for autonomic and man-in-the-loop responses.

EOIR Technologies, Inc.
P.O.Box 1240
Spotsylvania, VA 22553
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 331-7974
Eric Kahler
OSD 09-SP1      Awarded: 5/4/2010
Title:Cloud Analytic Tools
Abstract:EOIR Technologies (EOIR) understands that Cloud Computing is rapidly emerging as an underlying technology enabler for managing information in a highly complex environment. To realize the full potential of Cloud Computing in the Intelligence Community (IC), intelligence analysts require a highly dynamic analytical environment that capitalizes on the strengths and benefits provided by a Cloud Computing architecture. EOIR proposes designing and developing a next generation analytical tool set that takes advantage of the Cloud Computing architecture by enabling users to dynamically orchestrate both the data sources in the cloud as well as a “compose-able” set of integrated but independently encapsulated modules. Modules that can be combined in numerous ways to accommodate the rapidly changing roles and responsibilities of the analyst in a manner that eliminates the need to recreate entire applications as requirements continue to evolve. In Phase I, EOIR will research the feasibility, design and detailed cost of building a dynamic Cloud Analytical tool set that leverages existing COTS and GOTS software including a GOTS, open standard collaboration environment called Impulse. Currently, the Impulse open platform provides a common, standards based platform for deploying integrated modules that seamlessly interact with other modules built on the same open standards.

Kitenga Co.
2195 Tahoe Circle
Tracy, CA 95376
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(209) 834-1270
Mark Davis
OSD 09-SP1      Awarded: 4/27/2010
Title:ZettaViz: Visual Analysis Workflows for Data Resources in the Cloud
Abstract:The future of information analysis in the orbital, air, ground, sea and undersea battlespace is a future characterized by massive information streams and data overload. Existing tools and capabilities are also incapable of handling the huge bandwidth and analysis needs of semi-structured, unstructured (text) and geo-spatial information resources. Kitenga Co., as part of our ZettaVox cloud and cluster content mining product line, proposes to develop a novel analysis architecture capable of handling cloud-scale content analysis problems. The proposed system, ZettaViz, will support the authoring, deployment, use, reuse and dissemination of analysis products, and will provide massively scalable information understanding. Further, ZettaViz will support rapid reconfiguration of analysis visualizations, data sources and data destinations to improve and enhance battlespace understand and situation awareness.

Optillel Solutions, Inc.
2680 Bancroft Way
Berkeley, CA 94704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 846-3909
Jimmy Su
OSD 09-SP1      Awarded: 4/19/2010
Title:Cloud Analytic Tools
Abstract:The team of Optillel Solutions, Inc and Michigan Aerospace Corporation (MAC) propose to develop a generic cloud-based analytic tool, the Nimbus Analytic Toolset (NAT), a fundamental set of composable functions spanning the range of analytic activity. This toolset will employ virtualization techniques to facilitate transparent operation across the growing array of cloud computing infrastructures, including Hadoop, Amazon AWS and others. We will demonstrate the power of the Cloud for deploying Predictive Analytics algorithms including supervised learning (classification|regression), unsupervised learning (clustering|one-class learning) and discovery operations (anomaly/outlier detection|novelty discovery). NAT will support a graphical programming paradigm to compose processes in which petabytes of distributed data will fuel the generation of predictive models to support crucial tasks such as situational awareness, surveillance and data mining. MAC researchers will work closely with Optillel''s distributed computing experts to develop a viable strategy for deploying an advanced approach to the construction and utilization of Ensembles of Decision Trees into the Cloud model. MAC has evolved this pattern recognition framework over the past several years on programs with various government agencies. The proposed toolset will provide a flexible framework for the analyst that will allow easy adaptation to the rapidly shifting wartime environment.

Serene Software Inc
116 19th Ave. N. Unit 503
Jacksonville Beach, FL 32250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 777-1847
Thoma Plunkett
OSD 09-SP1      Awarded: 4/26/2010
Title:Cloud Analytic Tools
Abstract:The Serene Software team proposes to develop a set of analytical tools for cloud scale data that can be composed into workflows or used independently. The tool set will enable Intelligence Community analysts to modify analytic tools in the field to keep up with high operational tempo and deliver full capabilities of a cloud computing architecture. Our approach builds on Free Open Source Software (FOSS) projects for cloud computing and data analytics, likely using Apache Hadoop at its core. Hadoop is built on the MapReduce algorithm invented by Google for large-scale, reliable, inexpensive analytics. Our commercialization strategy in Phases II and III includes contributing project changes back to the open source projects used and building a set of related proprietary technical services. Our approach enables other agencies and corporations to leverage this investment and more easily benefit from these efforts. The project’s technical rigor and commercial applicability will be augmented through review by Dr. Csaba Egyhazy and commercialization and technical guidance from our advanced industry partners. In Phase I, we will establish the foundation for further development and technology transfer at the completion of Phase II. The Serene Software team will work closely with OSD and the program offices during Phases I and II to ensure that we are responsive to DoD needs.

Sytronics, Inc.
4433 Dayton-Xenia Road Building 1
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-6110
Jeffrey S. Collier
OSD 09-SP1      Awarded: 6/30/2010
Title:CloudDeck: A Layered Solution to Providing Cloud Analytics
Abstract:The Warfighter has access to ever-increasing amounts and types of net-centric information. His tools for data storage and access, analysis, and decision-making are in a constant state of flux as they are improved or replaced. Cloud computing addresses the situation by hosting the applications and the data in a virtualized accumulation of computing resources (or cloud) and providing access via a web-based interface. This paradigm has met with success in the office problem domain for the commercial industry. CloudDeck strives to bring the cloud concept to the military tactical operations realm by assembling a toolset of analysis services and by integrating these services in a workflow. The CloudDeck''s five layers represent the different facets of the problem: the first two layers are well-known cloud computing system foundations but the other three address new research in analytics services, workflow, and user interface issues that are heart of this approach. Software agents will provide mission-based decision support for helpful insights into the workflow and analytic issues, and visual workflow representations and visual thinking techniques will illuminate the user interface research. The CloudDeck design is anticipated to easily scale from laboratory-based testbeds to large-scale server farm-based frameworks, with rapid fielding to the warfighter.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
W. Reynolds Monach
OSD 09-SP2      Awarded: 1/4/2010
Title:Context Management Architecture for Tactical Environments
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will focus on the design of intelligent information management techniques across large-scale enterprises, with special emphasis on the needs of the Department of Defense (DoD), but with applicability to a wide array of government and commercial applications. Building on research and development in the areas of knowledge representation, distributed databases, information flow optimization and intelligent compression, and multi-agent systems, we will design a robust Context Management Architecture (CMA) to provide end-users with operationally relevant information from the continually growing number of networked data sources (e.g., distributed sensors, online databases, decision support systems). The CMA will provide efficient and effective information management for distributed applications by maintaining conversations among nodes based on varying levels of domain content awareness, while abstracting the underlying data sources into a virtual data store. If awarded, Phase II will lead to a prototype implementation of the CMA, with special emphasis on an identified Phase III transition target (e.g., a DoD program of record), but with extensibility to other government and commercial enterprises.

Kitenga Co.
2195 Tahoe Circle
Tracy, CA 95376
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(209) 834-1270
Mark Davis
OSD 09-SP2      Awarded: 1/4/2010
Title:ZettaMeta: Metadata Management Using Distributed Semantic Data Adapters
Abstract:The future of net-centric DoD operations is a future characterized by massive data management problems and information overload. Existing tools and capabilities are incapable of handling the huge bandwidth and analysis needs of structured data, metadata, semantic content, and unstructured information resources. Kitenga Co., as part of our ZettaVox cloud and cluster content mining product line, proposes to develop a novel distributed metadata management architecture capable of handling complex arrangements of semantic web, text and structured data for cloud-scale analysis problems. The proposed system, ZettaMeta, will support the application, use and reuse of DoD standardized metadata like DDMS across heterogeneous computing architectures through an advanced adapter system that is hardened against failures and uses dynamic knowledge interchange to accelerate queries and discovery over disparate resources.

VIStology, Inc
5 Mountainview Drive
Framingham, MA 01701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 788-5088
Christopher J. Matheus
OSD 09-SP2      Awarded: 1/4/2010
Title:High-performance, Large Scale Data Handling in Tactical Environments
Abstract:In a competitive, dynamic, resource-scarce, and frequently hostile external environment as well as in a complex, diversified, and large internal system, it is increasingly important for organizations to react as quickly and precisely as possible to new and continuously growing challenges. Large organization and the government, in general, and the Department of Defense, in particular, are facing increasing levels of information sharing, exchange, and collaboration coupled with the necessity to maintain high levels of interoperability along with security, trust, integrity, efficiency, consistency, etc. Much progress has been made in recent years towards defining standards that enable improved information sharing and interoperability. New, especially XML based, standards (e.g. SOA) enable disparate systems to communicate with one another. These technologies also enable discovery of services through the use of metadata and related techniques. In this work we propose to take a further step and use ontologies (e.g. OWL based JC3IEDM) to provide semantically-sound techniques for better implementation of information management functions. This will provide the basis for a truly dynamic interoperability that will allow heterogeneous systems to reuse and leverage their capabilities without dramatic changes to their individual structures.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9300
Mun Wai Lee
OSD 09-SP3      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Automated Scene Understanding
Abstract:Automatic visual content extraction and scene understanding is an enabling technology for video surveillance, situational awareness, and force protection applications. High-level scene comprehension requires a deep understanding of objects, scene elements and their inter-relations. Current systems lack a general visual knowledge framework and efficient computational algorithms for detecting large number of object categories. We propose to develop video inference algorithms and a modular architecture for scene understanding based on the computational framework of And-Or graph. Various image inference modules can be easily integrated to the framework through an API for scene understanding. The architecture should also support the input of user-provided context to improve inference. Leveraging earlier work on semantic annotation, we will develop algorithms to infer complex relationships between scene entities. Plain text reports of the scene will be automatically generated to describe these relationships, contextual information, as well as events of interest. To achieve high compression rate for bandwidth-constraint applications, the text description are used to synthesize image and video to provide a representative rendering of the scene and events. In addition, we propose a method for indexing hierarchical data as well as a scalable framework for searching large imagery dataset.

SET Associates Corporation
1005 N. Glebe Rd. Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 965-9966
Qinfen Zheng
OSD 09-SP3      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Automated Scene Understanding: Recognizing Function from Form and Motion
Abstract:Recognition of objects and their relationships is a critical part of automatic scene understanding. Scene understanding based on object appearance alone is not sufficient as the functions of a facility change over time, especially in areas of ongoing conflicts. However, almost all surveillance imagery contains vehicular and human activities. By monitoring the activities of vehicles and dismounts, we can better recognize the true functions of buildings, vehicles, and facilities, and hence understand the scene more accurately. SET Corporation proposes to develop a scene monitoring and event recognition toolbox for activity and facility recognition through functional interpretation. We will start with detection and tracking of all moving vehicles and humans, recognize the activities that humans and vehicles are involved with, and finally determine the nature of the facilities with which humans are interacting. If successful this novel approach will constitute a fundamental advance in video understanding, with applications in reconnaissance and surveillance for counter-terrorism and counter-insurgent operations.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu T Nguyen
OSD 09-SP3      Awarded: 1/14/2010
Title:An Automated Visual Knowledge Discovering (VKD) System
Abstract:As imagery sensing is among the essential capabilities in the future combat systems, the anticipated dynamics of the future battlespace will require a greatly increased level of automation in analysis and processing of imagery data. Most of the image analysis tasks including indexing and retrieval need or would benefit from a full explanation of the scene, consisting of the locations and scales of detected objects and their relationships to one another. For many DoD data, however, there are challenges to achieving this capability, including the large variability in scene configuration and object attributes, and the difficulty in incorporating geometric constraints between objects. UtopiaCompression Corp. (UC) proposes a novel Visual Knowledge Discovery (VKD) technology that can affectively address these issues. The system performs automated scene analysis, inference, and annotation using a novel hierarchical and contextual image model. The model provides a full explanation of the scene including the scene hierarchy and the relationship between objects, and is capable of representing a variety of scenarios with large variability in scene structure and number of objects. The proposed technology will significantly enhance the capabilities of the DoD in annotation, indexing, and knowledge mining of large image databases.

Analatom Incorporated
562 E. Weddell Drive, Suite 4
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 734-9392
Richard Clements
OSD 09-SP4      Awarded: 1/5/2010
Title:Designing Large Data Handling Architectures
Abstract:Global War on Terror requires critical need for accessing intelligence information databases for actionable decision processes. To enhance intelligence information based decision making a methodology must be established for storage and retrieval from multiple database systems, and subsequent analysis based on information’s meaning rather than predetermined manually assigned categories. Open and standards based architectures are needed to efficiently assemble large amounts of data with greater agile information sharing strategies. Automation of handling large data amounts can be achieved by using metadata, alignment of vocabularies, data sharing governance rules, and defined business processes. Analatom proposes investigating a more robust query and index paradigm having large data handling architectures focusing on ‘Concept Footprints’. Associated pools of data leave ‘multiple’ tracks of variously weighted associations through historical usage and prior user interest. Proposed software will allow multidimensional associations to form (organize and attract to similar concepts and associations) within like concept neighborhoods. These resulting (task oriented) multiple architectures are referred to as ‘Information/Knowledge Cubes’. These then afford access into extremely large data sets and repositories to be concept oriented. Additionally, queries need not be specific or limiting, but rather can be presented to data repository (Knowledge Cube) as incomplete or ‘fuzzy’ textural queries.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
OSD 09-SP4      Awarded: 1/5/2010
Title:Designing Large Data Handling Architectures
Abstract:We focus on a solution for ultra-scale data handling, into the terabyte range and beyond. Our solution leverages the latest advances in storage technology, and can be used in a cloud, to exploit cloud-native features. We address the following functional requirements: discoverability of data sources, federated source handling for data originating in domains with different admin policies, heterogeneity of data, retrievable data (both push and pull), classifiable data, labeled data as to classification, searchable data using metadata for semantic searching, transformable to extract, shape, and analyze data streams, shareable to allow consumption by stakeholders with different permissions, management of the overall architecture, and analyzable to analyze data in the context of one or more ontologies. We apply ultra-scale columnar oriented data handling, grid computing, semantic tagging of data, and related concepts to achieve the functional requirements.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4631
Pan Gao
OSD 09-SP5      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:A Statistical Grammar Approach for Human Activity Discovery from Video
Abstract:IAI and its academic partners propose to develop a human activity discovery system based on linguistic human activity language and statistical grammar model. This system will estimate human body pose and anthropometry from video data and infer human behavior using a statistical grammar based approach. This approach fuses two recent advances in computer vision research. First, our advanced tracking algorithms will present a series of hypotheses of human poses recognized within a video sequence; these detection and tracking algorithm will use modern segmentation techniques to extract labeled silhouettes, feeding a 3D reconstruction algorithm that relied on local optimal search of the pose space. Second, algorithms that operate on our statistical model of human motion and behavior, the Human Activity Language, combine these pose estimates into unified, robust estimate of pose and activity. We hypothesize that combining action and pose estimation under a single framework will more robustly identify both. Our algorithms will be useful in both recognition and in reproduction of human action. Upon success, our research will be transitioned into fields of persistent surveillance, health care, robot intelligent interactions with human and modeling and simulation.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 881-4910
Anthony Hoogs
OSD 09-SP5      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Discovery of Human Activity from Video
Abstract:We propose to develop a video analysis system that detects suspicious, significant events using two methods: monitoring current activity against learned models of normal behavior, and searching for events explicitly indicated by the video analyst. The underlying behavior representations are based on object interactions in space and time, as well as temporal dynamics. Fusing anomaly detection and directed search should yield advantages of both. The system will be integrated with our VIRAT system, being developed on a major DARPA program, for content-based video retrieval based on actions and activities.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9300
Asaad Hakeem
OSD 09-SP5      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:An Integrated Framework for Context-Enabled Discovery of Human Activity from Video
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will constitute design of algorithms, toolsets and interfaces to detect human activity from video and improve operator’s wide area situational awareness of live feeds from multiple aerial and ground sensors in the battlefield. The key innovations in the proposed effort are: 1) automated and robust detection of atomic actions that may span multiple sensors, 2) extraction and exploitation of scene context for improving activity discovery, 3) an interactive activity specification framework for effective threat specification and automatic recognition, tuned towards the requirements of the operator in the battlefield, 4) automatic context-enabled wide area activity recognition by using information from multiple heterogeneous sensors and 5) enhanced user interface based on NASA’s WorldWind geo-browser plug-in for wide area situational awareness of the operator. In addition, metrics for activity detection evaluation will be investigated and a thorough performance analysis of the proposed innovation will carried out. to ensure robustness and This will ensure that a scalable and robust baseline activity discovery system is developed by the end of Phase I.

VIPMobile, Inc.
100 Montgomery Street Suite 2000
San Francisco, CA 94104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 632-1238
Dragoljub Pokrajac
OSD 09-SP5      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:Discovery of Human Activity from Video
Abstract:The general problem is that current surveillance data is limited to real-time analysis by direct human monitoring or forensically through recording. The large amounts of data received from surveillance cameras pose a challenge for software to interpret potential threats beyond object and text recognition. A system is needed to automate monitoring processes and provide a predictive advantage to monitoring people by identifying potential threats from observed human activities. The specific technical problems we are addressing involve the need for technology to automate understanding of human behavior using contextual information, obtained by observing interactions in space and time. Image and video exploitation algorithms need to first decompose incoming visual information, distinguishing humans from natural and man-made structures. Further computation must then discover human activity based on motion, posture and body positioning. Potential threats are identified based on predetermined hostile human activity. The resulting classifications of detected threat events are visually communicated to the end user. VIPMobile is developing a lean and robust software package that exploits incoming video data to interpret human behavior with systematic analysis of spacial-temporal block algorithms, motion detection, tracking and outlier identification. The system also utilizes a database of predefined hostile behavior factors that processes feature extraction and edge detection to visually communicate anomalous activity to monitoring personnel in near real time so preventative actions can be taken.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
4515 Seton Center Parkway Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Stephen Hilderbrand
OSD 09-SP6      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:SWIFTER: Semantic Wiki Infrastructure for Faceted Tracking of Entities and Relations
Abstract:As the need to monitor ever-increasing amounts of information, the need to fact check continues to grow. It is important for analysts to stay ahead of the information curve; an analysis based on yesterday’s news may be erroneous, especially in the case of key information changes. Today, individual users must manage their own updates, which means logging into the wiki and checking the update logs. In a large wiki, this is a time- consuming process, which analysts cannot afford to engage in on top of their other daily duties. This proactive monitoring of the wiki detracts from their more important analysis duties. In response to this need for rapid context in information dissemination, 21st Century Technologies, Inc. (21CT) proposes SWIFTER – Semantic Wiki Infrastructure for Faceted Tracking of Entities and Relations, a system that provides this level of automated support. SWIFTER employs semantic resources and technologies, similarity measures, and user feedback through an intuitive dashboard interface to enable context-aware intelligence to analysts and warfighters. SWIFTER draws from the collective experience of commanders, analysts, and warfighters to provide timely alerts to others at the same echelon and/or in the same area of responsibility (AOR).

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd. Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1421
Richard Hull
OSD 09-SP6      Awarded: 2/3/2010
Title:Wiki for Intelligent Semantic Event Reporting (WISER)
Abstract:Fighting the ‘Long War’ requires a long memory as well as the ability to recognize and adapt to constant, rapid change. In accumulating knowledge about the Global War on Terror, the intelligence community seeks to keep track of potential or known terrorists, their organizations, their targets, and their tactics. Crucial nuggets of information are often embedded within free text reported by numerous disparate sources. Whether consumed by an analyst or by a warfighter, each new report forces its reader to determine: Does this just confirm what we already know, or has something significant changed? Modus Operandi proposes WISER to identify those significant changes and notify interested subscribers. WISER will extend MO’s Wave Exploitation Framework (Wave-EF) product with innovative algorithms to detect significant changes in the knowledge base. WISER will automatically populate a semantic wiki from incoming disparate intelligence sources using MO’s innovative semantic event extraction and enrichment techniques, and our innovative aggregation approach to correlating related triples.

Vision Systems & Technology, Inc
6021 University Blvd Suite 360
Ellicott City, MD 21043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 418-5555
Edward Swing
OSD 09-SP6      Awarded: 2/4/2010
Title:The BattleSpace Luminary System
Abstract:While the Global Information Grid provides access to multiple data sources, modern warfighters and analysts must determine when new information directly impacts their mission, and what additional meanings they could infer from the new data. The government needs a system that can extract and identify the semantic meaning of new data, append or update this information in a semantic wiki, and provide alerts to warfighters and analysts alike. Team VSTI proposes the Battlefield Luminary System to meet these needs. The system will use formal ontologies to extract information from a variety of data sources, use this information to update a semantically-enabled wiki, create additional media content to enhance understanding through visualization, and then disseminate relevant alerts to analysts and warfighters in the field. In Phase II, the system will extend to include additional reasoning and extraction techniques, and apply other semantic tags such as microformats. The system also offers numerous commercial applications. By applying different ontologies, the military could apply the system to supply chain management. Field medics and physicians could apply the system to patient medical records, and financial analysts could apply the system to monitoring economic indicators.

VIStology, Inc
5 Mountainview Drive
Framingham, MA 01701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 788-5088
Christopher J. Matheus
OSD 09-SP6      Awarded: 2/24/2010
Title:Semantic Wiki for Page Alerting
Abstract:In the Global War on Terror (GWOT) large amounts of data must be effectively analyzed in a timely manner in order to provide an accurate and up-to-date understanding of current and potential threats. This problem requires robust real-time knowledge management that can be placed in the hands of human analysts. At the forefront of research in this area is the recent emergence of Semantic Wikis – web-based collaborative knowledge applications based around semantic web technologies of knowledge representation and automated reasoning. We propose to design an advanced Semantic Wiki customized to handle the large amounts of data relevant to the GWOT. The solution will leverage VIStology’s expertise in ontology management, text processing, consistency checking and highly efficient automate reasoning over semantic knowledge structures. For Phase I we will implement a prototype based on our design that will demonstrate the feasibility of our proposed approach. This prototype will have integrated into it as core components a fast reasoning engine, a rule-based alert notification engine, a robust consistency checker and state-of-the-art text extraction algorithms. A key capability will permit users to define high-level rules describing data patterns that will be monitored in real-time with notifications being sent out immediately to the appropriate users by email, SMS, twitter or an alternative means at the user’s choice.

Fetch Technologies
841 Apollo Street Suite 400
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-9849
Greg Barish
OSD 09-SP7      Awarded: 1/5/2010
Title:Novel Distributed Processing Environments
Abstract:Abstract

Prism Informatix, LLC
5310 N Camino Sumo
Tucson, AZ 85718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 991-8381
John W. Wissinger
OSD 09-SP7      Awarded: 1/7/2010
Title:Rigorous Framework for Distributed Processing with Dynamic Stochastic Information
Abstract:The vast and ever-increasing amount of networked information available creates a growing need for information processing systems that distribute decision making rather than centralize data. But distributed decision systems are notoriously hard to analyze. One reason is that the complexity of the design process encourages the use of ad-hoc methods, so it can easily become impossible to say how well a system actually performs vs. the best that could be done. Prism Informatix proposes to address the need for an optimal framework by extending the rigorous and established theory of distributed hypothesis testing networks. The basic framework has aroused considerable interest because it provides an optimal, analytically tractable, and highly intuitive approach to modeling distributed cooperative (team) decision making under uncertainty. To develop the theory into a practical information processing framework, we modify and extend it to handle real-world stochastic information dynamics, but in a manner that preserves the mathematical structure necessary to support analysis. We implement the new framework in a computational testbed where instrumented analysis studies allow its feasibility to be established.

Sharpe Engineering Inc.
3 Copper Lane PO Box 5310
Mount Crested Butte, CO 81225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 349-0442
Jim Sharpe
OSD 09-SP7      Awarded: 1/4/2010
Title:Novel Distributed Processing Environments
Abstract:DoD data processing requirements are dramatically evolving. Dataset size and variety are rapidly increasing, as are the speed at which the data is generated and the need for faster response times. However, the problem is more than simply having to deal with data size or speed of arrival. Rapidly evolving problem spaces and requirements mean that the processing and analysis solutions also must be quicker to develop and more agile. This proposal introduces a high-speed, cloud-native analysis framework based on a standard set of analytical components, which is capable of addressing a wide variety of data shaping, discovery, and situational awareness problems. Our technical approach applies a hybrid hierarchical reasoning framework via a standard set of analytical elements to extend a stream-based execution platform enabling the rapid production and evolution of solutions to complex analysis problems. A key aspect of the proposed technology is tailoring the individual analysis components for high throughput as well as horizontal scalability. The functional depth is built through the aggregation of many atomic processing components as opposed to fewer more complex modules and the stream- based runtime environment will support on-the-fly changes to live operational analysis networks to adapt rapidly to evolving problem spaces.

IllinoisRocstar LLC
P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 766-2567
Mark D. Brandyberry
OSD 09-W01      Awarded: 8/2/2010
Title:Shock Initiation of Energetic Materials Due to Mesoscale Features
Abstract:IllinoisRocstar LLC envisions the initial product of this effort to be a shock-to-detonation module (Rocpack-RocSDT) for inclusion in our insensitive munitions simulation code, IMSIM. IMSIM is a first-generation software product for the simulation of energetic material behavior in insensitive munitions-related studies and applications. The overall IMSIM process initiates with nondestructive characterization of the as-cast energetic materials, then moves to statistical characterization of the experimental energetic, and concludes with a prediction of thermo-chemo-mechanical properties of interest for insensitive munitions applications. Analytical and consulting services will be available based on IMSIM at the end of Phase II. We envision capabilities to include prediction of the micromechanical properties of energetic materials in a variety of forms. Markets other than energetic materials property prediction are likely as well. These services are demanded by the DoD components, DOE, transportation companies, Homeland Security, and others involved in modeling the response of energetic materials.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8364
NAIDA LACEVIC
OSD 09-W01      Awarded: 5/11/2010
Title:Modeling Energetic Materials at the Meso Scale
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics, in collaboration with Prof. Cagin’s group at Texas A&M University and Prof. Vitali Nesterenko of the University of California, San Diego, is proposing a new computational tool, MesoShock, for microstructure-response prediction in energetic materials. MesoShock extends a standard particle mechanics package into a Dissipative Particle Dynamics with Conserved Energy (DPDCE) engine and, along with s a collection of python modules, provides prediction of pressure, temperature, internal energy, and reaction extent during microstructure interaction with shock waves for energetic materials of interest.

Dynamic Systems and Research
8219 Pickard Ave NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 270-3088
Danny J. Frew
OSD 09-W02      Awarded: 5/27/2010
Title:Mechanical Characterization of Energetic Materials
Abstract:In this program, DSR proposes to develop test equipment that can be used by the Air Force to begin investigating inert and live explosive material properties under different pressure and temperature environments. Strain-rate levels will be adjustable with this equipment and will vary between 10-5-10-2 s-1 dependent upon the stiffness and strength of the test material. When completed, 25.4-mm-diameter specimens with length- to-diameter ratios of at least 2 can be tested at high confining pressures and under a wide range of temperature extremes in this device. In Phase I, mechanical, hydraulic, and temperature application designs will be developed for the test device with the capability to apply confining pressures up to 200 MPa to the right-circular cylinder samples over a wide range of temperatures. DSR plans to design a highly-accurate instrumentation configuration that will allow for accurate measurements as well as provide the necessary servo-loop feedback to obtain high-fidelity behavior of the test specimen. In Phase II, the mechanical, hydraulic, and instrumentation designs conceptually developed in the Phase I effort will be used to build the device and validate its capabilities (using an inert simulant material) under a variety of different conditions.

L J ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY
2607 Bridle Lane
Walnut Creek, CA 94596
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 253-2939
Chi Tsieh Liu
OSD 09-W02      Awarded: 6/16/2010
Title:Mechanical Characterization of Energetic Materials
Abstract:The goal of this program is to develop experimental and diagnostic technologies for characterizing the mechanical response of high explosive materials. It is well known that the prediction of structural integrity depends upon a thorough knowledge of the stresses and strains produced in the structure and the ability of the material to support these stresses and strains without failure under service loads. To achieve this goal, a full characterization of the material under the service loads is a prerequisite for the development of a reliable constitutive model to predict the stress and strain and the integrity of the structure. In this program, experimental and diagnostic techniques are developed to characterize the mechanical behavior of a plastic-bonded explosive stimulant under different strain rates, temperatures, and confining pressures. The loading ranges of strain rate, temperature, and confining pressure considered in this program are 100/sec to 1000/sec, -60oF to 60oF, and up to 40000psi, respectively. In addition, constitutive models are developed and implemented into a finite element computer code and the optimum nondestructive testing techniques to monitor damage initiation and evolution processes in the material for selected loading conditions are determined.

IllinoisRocstar LLC
P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 766-2567
Mark D. Brandyberry
OSD 09-W03      Awarded: 8/4/2010
Title:Utilizing Medical Imaging Technology for Generation of Mesoscale Computational Descriptions
Abstract:Abstract

Simmetrix, Inc.
10 Halfmoon Executive Park Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 348-1639
John Tourtellott
OSD 09-W03      Awarded: 5/26/2010
Title:Utilizing Medical Imaging Technology for Generation of Mesoscale Computational Descriptions
Abstract:The focus of this SBIR project is to provide the technologies needed to go from image data of material microstructures to geometric models representations, and associated meshes of those geometries, that will support the effective application of engineering modeling and simulation to predict the physical properties and behavior of energetic materials. The technologies to be developed will combine advanced image segmentation methods with knowledge of the basic engineering properties of the constituent materials to provide microstructural geometric models that are relevant to engineering analyses. The resulting geometric models will them be automatically and adaptively meshed as needed to support their accurate analysis by finite element and/or finite volume methods. Procedures will be provided to create the input and adaptive control methods for both Lagrangian and Eulerian based mathematical formulations and software. This project will also provide an interactive user environment that will support the addition of new information on material constituent properties and mesh control into the process.

Streamline Numerics, Inc.
3221 NW 13th Street, Suite A
Gainesville, FL 32609
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 271-8841
Jeffrey Wright
OSD 09-W03      Awarded: 5/11/2010
Title:A Software Tool for Transforming XCMT Images into Computational Mesostructures
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to deliver a software tool that can take information from a general imaging modality and convert the information to a form that is compatible with standard computational platforms for performing research and analysis of mesoscale dynamics. A key aspect of modeling energy deposition from activated high explosives (HEs) is that the fundamental mechanisms of energy release manifest at the mesoscale corresponding to particle sizes (tens of microns in size). Tools to conduct increasingly sophisticated and realistic computational modeling of the mesoscale dynamics of HEs under the effects of imposed loads are under development by numerous researchers including the proposing team. To facilitate this, one must first have the ability to capture the geometry of the meso-structure of real samples of HEs and to transmute the images into a form that can be input to advanced computational codes (hydro-codes) that can then conduct numerical experiments on these samples. This proposal lays out a plan for developing a comprehensive software tool for receiving images from x-ray computed micro-tomography (XCMT) – and other sources – and reconstructing a 3D sample from such data. The output will be 3D models that can be used in a variety of hydrocodes.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Z. J. Chen
OSD 09-W04      Awarded: 5/12/2010
Title:A Mesoscale Modeling Tool for Heterogeneous Explosives with Accurate Multi-Physics Models and Detailed Chemical Kinetics
Abstract:In the proposed SBIR project, CFDRC will develop an efficient, high-fidelity computational tool to simulate compaction wave propagation and the ensuing multi-physics phenomena in heterogeneous explosives (HEs), including the effects of shock wave on external targets. Physics that will be accurately modeled include: (1) Resolution of subgrain-size hot spots; (2) Granular deformation and packing due to high-speed projectile stimuli; (3) Global kinetics for HE decomposition and detailed kinetics for gas phase reaction; (4) Momentum- and energy-coupling between the moving particles and gas flow; and (5) Deflagration to detonation transition. In Phase I, we will demonstrate feasibility using CFDRC’s advanced flow solver, CoBi, which already includes the following models: (1) Innovative “immersed-particle method” to couple granular motion and gas flow; (2) Finite element method (FEM) to simulate particle deformation; (3) Compressible flow capability including shock wave capturing; and (4) Multi-step chemistry. In Phase I, CoBi will be enhanced by adding condensed- and gas-phase kinetics for HMX, and by coupling the immersed-particle method to the FEM module. In Phase II, the focus will be to improve the accuracy of all models and to make CoBi comprehensive by implementing: (1) Dynamically adaptive mesh refinement for moving shock capturing; (2) A database that provides the user with multiple options for both condensed- and gas-phase kinetics; and (3) Efficient code parallelization. The comprehensive tool will be extensively validated against benchmark cases, and finally demonstrated for problems of interest to OSD.

IllinoisRocstar LLC
P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 766-2567
Mark D. Brandyberry
OSD 09-W04      Awarded: 7/8/2010
Title:An Advanced Multiphase Solver for Blast Propagation in Dusty Environments
Abstract:Abstract

Streamline Numerics, Inc.
3221 NW 13th Street, Suite A
Gainesville, FL 32609
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 271-8841
Siddharth Thakur
OSD 09-W04      Awarded: 6/15/2010
Title:Advanced Simulation Framework for the Mesoscale Dynamics of Heterogeneous Explosives
Abstract:The proposed work seeks to develop a computational tool to conduct sophisticated and realistic computational modeling of the mesoscale dynamics of heterogeneous energetic materials/high explosives (HEs) under the effects of imposed loads. Designing propulsion devices and munitions for precise operational performance demands comprehensive understanding and manipulation of the spatial and temporal distributions of energy release in activated energetic materials. A key aspect of modeling energy deposition from activated HEs is that the fundamental mechanisms of energy release manifest at the scale corresponding to particle sizes (typically tens of microns in size). Therefore, control and manipulation of energetic material performance in a macro-scale system requires understanding, modeling and prediction of its behavior at the mesoscale. The key features of the work are: (a) large-scale simulations of the dynamics and energetics of meso- structures under varying conditions of mechanical loading.; (b) accurate modeling of the material properties of the components of the HE; (c) realistic portrayal of meso-structural details in terms of geometry and composition; (d) the model should provide physical understanding and predictive capabilities that can be translated into quantitative information that can be used to represent meso-scale dynamics in a macro-scale simulation of the overall performance of an explosive/propellant.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 995-4859
AKHILESH JHA
OSD 09-W05      Awarded: 8/30/2010
Title:Reactive Material Dynamic Response & Energy Release
Abstract:As a special category of energetic materials, reactive materials consist of components which are not generally considered reactive on their own until subjected to a sufficiently strong mechanical, electrical or laser stimulus. As opposed to the traditional warheads, which use inert metal fragments as a means to produce most damage, the reactive fragment warheads release high amount of chemical energy in addition to the kinetic energy so that the total energy on target can be increased by 5 or more times. Energy release of reactive materials is a multiscale multiphysics phenomenon. Although some existing continuum methods did couple thermal, chemical and mechanical energies, lack of physics in various length scales and time scales limits the practical application of such methods. In the proposed method, a multiphysics framework will be constructed through coupling governing equations in heat transfer, chemical reaction and mechanics. Macroscopic properties, such as total release energy, temperature evolution, and quasi- static pressure, will be studied through coupling macroscale with micro and nano scales. Therefore, the proposed method utilizes both multiphysics and multiscale modeling technique to provide a consistent mathematical framework to quantify energy release from a reactive material from a high-speed impact. The algorithm will be finally integrated with a Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic (SPH) code of ANSYS or LS-DYNA.

Utron Kinetics, LLC
9441 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 369-5552
Karthik Nagarathnam
OSD 09-W05      Awarded: 8/17/2010
Title:Rapid High Pressure Combustion Driven Powder Consolidation for the Development of Reactive Fragments and their Dynamic Properties
Abstract:The major objectives of the Phase I effort will be focused on CDC high pressure compaction/fabrication, post-processing, testing and materials performance/baseline preliminary material modeling of the kinetic behavior of the energetic material compositions based on select geometry and CDC materials properties. CDC compacted candidate reactive fragment warhead/projectile materials include Hf/Al, W/Al, Al/Boron, Hf/Zn, Zr/Zn, Zr/Al, or Ta/Al, Mo/Al, and select materials with boron, molybdenum oxide and/or sulfur. Select geometrical shapes such as 0.5 inch diameter cylinders/disks, near spheroidal pellet shapes (e.g., 0.5 inch diameter), and 3.5 inch long tensile dogbones will be fabricated using the available 300 ton CDC press and existing die/punch assemblies for initial exploration. Compositions will be optimized in consultation with OSD sponsors to obtain densities closer to 7 g/cc or higher. Appropriate experimental process optimization at much higher compaction pressures (e.g., 50 to 150 tsi) will be developed as an integral part of Phase I and Phase II. Key CDC process optimization, suitable sintering/heat treatment responses, near or net shaped reactive fragments/warhead spheroidal pellet part quality, microstructural/microchemistry properties, and mechanical properties such as hardness and other strength durability properties at room temperature will be evaluated in Phase I. In Phase II, scaling up, materials/manufacturing of reactive fragment warhead components such as multiple-pressing of several spheroidal shaped warheads etc will be planned and the developed CDC parts after optimum processing conditions.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Douglas Bennett
OSD 09-W07      Awarded: 6/28/2010
Title:Hybrid Energetic Materials System: Piezoelectric
Abstract:The objective of this proposal program is to develop a highly advanced hybrid energetic materials system using piezoelectric materials that have the ability to increase system energy yield by an impressive 3 to 5x over conventional energetics and in some cases 10x.

Gunger Engineering LLC
207 Crystal Ct.
Niceville, FL 32578
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(850) 865-6137
Michael Gunger
OSD 09-W07      Awarded: 6/15/2010
Title:Hybrid Energetic Materials System
Abstract:Nano-energetics/hybrid energetic systems have been under development for decades with only one weapon system explicitley incorporating these materials, the Thermobaric Hellfire warhead, with a solid FAE surround. There have been other implementations but these are primarily in the areas of warhead defeat, such as occurs during EOD operations. Hybrid Energetic systems offer signicantly more energy on target and more control over the delivery rate. They also potentially offer Insensitive Munitions advantages. In general, for a material to be weaponized, it must be evaluated under standard JMEM procedures and be shown to be advantageous to the warfighter. In addition, it must be predictable in response, if must be capable of being modeled and it must meet shelf life/storage requirements. This proposal seeks to address the weaponization requirements and develop,ultimately, a weapon/weaponization approach, using a hybrid energetic system, which will demonstrate not only the applicability of the materials to the battlespace but will also develop a methodology for similar systems in the future.

Streamline Numerics, Inc.
3221 NW 13th Street, Suite A
Gainesville, FL 32609
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 271-8841
Siddharth Thakur
OSD 09-W07      Awarded: 6/16/2010
Title:Development and Testing of Advanced Hybrid Energetic Material Systems
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed effort is to advance and test novel design ideas of hybrid explosives and accurately assess their effectiveness in delivering game changing effects. A three-pronged computational approach is proposed that consists of a microscale and a mesoscale formulation, with a tight coupling between the two. The work will have the following major components: (a) Conduct microscale simulations of particle combustion incorporating all relevant physics, including ambient shock/detonation wave, ambient turbulence, multi-component heat and mass transfer, detailed chemistry, oxide condensation, radiation, internal circulation of droplet and the oxide cap. (b) Develop accurate models of metal combustion for use in mesoscale simulations by employing the power of high performance computing to carry out a large set of well- organized microscale simulations that span the relevant parametric space. (c) Develop a computational framework to examine at the mesoscale unique hybrid explosive designs that have the potential to increase the initial blast pressure by factor two or more than what can be currently achieved.