---------- MDA ----------

126 Phase I Selections from the 09.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Analytical Services, Inc.
350 Voyager Way
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-2191
Joe Sims
MDA 09-001      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Constant Pressure Aerospike for Interceptor Axial Propulsion
Abstract:Our proposed effort will be used to determine the feasibility of a deeply-throttleable aerospike engine that maintains constant specific impulse performance, regardless of the throttle setting. The design incorporates technology previously demonstrated under another SBIR, but extends it through incorporation of an aerospike nozzle.

Digital Solid State Propulsion LLC
6150 Sunrise Meadows Loop
Reno, NV 89519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 851-4443
Wayne Sawka
MDA 09-001      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Innovative Propulsion Systems for Missile Defense Interceptors
Abstract:New and emerging threats are requiring that even boost phase propulsion become both more powerful, and more agile/flexible for improved target interception capabilities. At the same time these new boost propellants must also be safer to make and use, without increasing production costs dramatically. To meet these needs Digital Solid State Propulsion LLC (DSSP) has developed a family of Electric Controlled Propellants (ESP) that, when applied to advanced boosters, delivers the agility, performance, cost and IM characteristics solicited in this Missile Defense Agency (MDA) SBIR topic.

Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC
205 Williamson Square
Franklin, TN 37064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 595-6665
Jeffrey S.N. Paine
MDA 09-001      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Light Weight Controllable Thrust Actuation for Innovative Propulsion System for Missile Defense Interceptors
Abstract:Lightweight Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS) can improve the mass fraction and specific impulse capabilities of propulsion systems for future MDA platforms. Proposed is the development of a novel DACS valve and actuator to provide improved capabilities for a wide range of future systems. DSM has teamed with a leading missile defense engine provider to produce a much lighter DACS system with high mass fraction. Compared to standard DACS, the new system will require less than 25% f the typical actuation force to control the same amount of thrust. Typically, reductions to control system mass, power and size follow the same reduction in force. Therefore, DSM anticipates requiring significantly less of the traditional controller mass, size and power in this new DACS system. The lightweight system benefits overall system response through faster reaction times and greater delta velocity. The savings in mass and power can be used to benefit overall system mass leading to either longer mission duration or lower amounts of propellant. DSM will demonstrate the capability of this novel technology with a cold flow test at the missile defense engine contractor’s facility.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
MDA 09-001      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Innovative Motor Propellant Technology
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research effort is to develop and fully characterize an innovative approach to solid rocket motor propellant that will enable improved performance and advanced energy management for missile defense interceptors. In this proposal, Exquadrum presents a highly flexible and adaptable approach to the control of rocket motors, including throttleablity and multiple cycles of extinguishment and restart. During the proposed program, the propellant will be developed and then characterized across a wide range of chamber pressures. The final formulation will be experimentally demonstrated in a multiple pulse, hot-fire test series.

EpiWorks, Inc.
1606 Rion Drive
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 373-1590
Brian McDermott
MDA 09-002      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Novel LWIR Detector Technology for high-yield, large format FPAs
Abstract:EpiWorks will demonstrate an MOCVD capability to manufacture of GaSb/InAs strained layer superlattice (SLS) epitaxial wafers for 10um FPAs in a low-cost commercial, production environment. In our proposed effort EpiWorks would initially focus on duplicate state-of-the-art results that have been achieved to date in research labs using MBE growth. This would lay the groundwork for EpiWorks to continue to push performance, but also focus on developing a very high-yield, low defect density wafer technology necessary to produce extremely large format FPAs. The benefits to the Missile Defense Agency are clear: a commercially available, reliable, epitaxial technology for realizing next generation, large format FPAs from 5 um to 15 um. This would be realized by utilizing our leading edge production technology, including superior uniformity, sharp interface switching, high throughput and low defect densities.

Intelligent Epitaxy Technology, Inc.
1250 E. Collins Blvd.
Richardson, TX 75081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 234-0068
Paul Pinsukanjana
MDA 09-002      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Type II SLS for 2-Color FPA for Interceptor Seekers
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR effort will develop robust and high performance infrared detector technology based on two-color Type II strained-layer superlattices (SLS). The design architectures and process technologies in Sb-based SLS enable high-performance two- color LW/LW detectors. The SLS detector design efforts will be done by leading experts at Teledyne Imaging Systems (TIS) and QmagiQ. The Sb-based SLS MBE will be grown at IntelliEPI epi foundry using proprietary in-situ tools to fully characterize and optimize the growth. Device fabrication and testing will be done by TIS and QmagiQ.

JGM Associates, Inc.
25 Burlington Mall Road Suite 300
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 272-6692
Jeffrey G. Manni
MDA 09-002      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Compact Dual-mode Laser for LADAR
Abstract:A compact "dual-mode" 1-micron laser source will be developed that can be switched "on the fly" between a high-pulse-rate, lower-energy emission mode and a lower-pulse-rate, high-energy emission mode. Pulse duration will be less than 10 ns and beam quality will be near-diffraction-limited.

Vega Technology & Systems Inc.
7980 Kingsbury Drive
Hanover Park, IL 60133
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 788-0306
Vincent Y. Chow
MDA 09-002      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Interceptor Seekers
Abstract:We propose a large-format collinear LWIR Type II Strained Superlattice (SLS) Focal Plane Array with digital signal readout and near-focal-plane digital image processing that can reduce demands on computer power and data bandwidths. This proposed approach, supported by Lockheed Martin, is based on a novel dual pixel design that consists of using pairs of adjacent pixels each connected in an inverted, parallel configuration. With this invention, common mode rejection of incident radiation and lock-in signal detection can be embedded into all pixels on the focal plane. The inherent background rejection in this pixel design is expected to increase immunity to strong backgrounds (sun, moon, or earth- limb) that may blind a KV and cause target unlock. Noise mitigation is achieved by the unique ability of this structure to code input optical signals with a polarity modulation pattern that permits signals to be recovered by lock-in signal processing. The combined feature set of this technology can permit the development of a new generation of low- cost, high-performance miniature interceptors.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
Shabbir Bashar
MDA 09-002      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Non-Avalanche Gain Detector for High-Resolution Single-Photon and Dual Mode Applications
Abstract:Future seekers of the future will need to allow for multiple targets and various advanced countermeasures, likely including a dual-mode component to do so. A Dual Mode Seeker (DMS) has at least an infrared (IR) Focal Plane Array (FPA) as well as an active means to capture target range and preferably 3-D imagery. Future technology insertion will benefit from a monolithic dual mode focal plane, wherein the optics, cryogenics, and electronics between both LADAR and passive infrared imaging are shared. The combination of the passive IR FPA image data and active range (LADAR) image will require 256 × 256 and larger array size, with low power consumption. In this Phase I SBIR project, Voxtel proposes to address the technology need by developing the design of a non-avalanche linear-mode InGaAs photodiode detector array, with GHz count rate, single photon counting operation, sensitivity from 950 to 1700 nm, and the capability for gain exceeding 106 at bias voltages of only 1 VDC, with sub-Poissonian shot noise performance. We will fabricate the detector using lattice-matched materials on InP, and will integrate the design with a segmented 8 × 8 element detector, fabricated using Voxtel’s existing process for back-illuminated mesa-diodes with integrated microlenses.

KION defense Technologies Inc
1957A Pioneer Rd
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 682-2060
Frank Kuchinski
MDA 09-003      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Zr- and Hf- Based Composite Structures for Advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems
Abstract:KiON Defense Technologies, Inc. (KDT) proposes a new route to the fabrication of Ultrahigh Temperature Ceramic parts based on preceramic polymer technology. The new fabrication method is based on the synthesis of new, single component ceramic precursor resins to ZrC-SiC ceramics that comprise significant mole fractions of Zr. The resins will be based on the modification of KDT’s liquid ammonia-derived polysilazanes with Zr reagents. The fabrication of CMCs comprising ZrC-SiC matrices will be demonstrated utilizing compression molding techniques with subsequent PIP processing of C-fiber preforms in combination with the Zr-containing polysilazanes as a modeling tool for future composites containing more oxidatively-robust fibers. KDT’s approach promises to deliver a simple, flexible, and new manufacturing capability to supply parts for Ultrahigh Temperature applications such as DACS.

Plasma Processes, Inc.
4914 Moores Mill Road
Huntsville , AL 35811
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 851-7653
Anatoliy Shchetkovskiy
MDA 09-003      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Advanced Monopropellant Microchannel DACS
Abstract:Future high maneuverability Divert Altitude and Control Systems (DACS) require improved performance and reduced environmental impacts, while maximizing kill vehicle divert capabilities and reducing weight within restricted geometries. Advanced “green” monopropellants promise significant improvements over current hydrazine propellants, because of lower toxicity, higher chemical stability, and increased performance. HAN based monopropellants promise increased interceptor performance and mission capabilities (greater acceleration, increased delta-V, reduced system mass). These characteristics make HAN based monopropellants ideal for: roll control modules, spacecrafts and interceptors. The proposed effort will focus on higher efficiency DACS development by improved catalytic combustion of high energy density monopropellants using microchannel based catalysts. An innovative electroforming technique in combination with carbon nanotube deposition will facilitate manufacturing of microcombustion devices with increased surface area to enable faster ignition.

Ultramet
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Victor M. Arrieta
MDA 09-003      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Low-Cost Refractory Metal-Lined Graphite Components for Advanced SDACS
Abstract:Rhenium hot gas path components are used extensively in the solid divert and attitude control system (SDACS) of the MDA/Navy Standard Missile-3 Aegis LEAP Interceptor missile defense program, on which Ultramet is a key subcontractor. The mechanical, thermal, and chemical performance of rhenium is unmatched. However, a need clearly exists to reduce the cost and weight of rhenium-based structures for advanced SDACS such as that being developed for MDA by Valley Tech Systems. In previous and current work, Ultramet has demonstrated the potential for fabrication of refractory metal-lined low-density graphite components, sometimes in combination with a carbon diffusion barrier interlayer. The potential exists to apply this same technology for the fabrication of hot gas valve and thruster components for use in advanced SDACS systems. The combination of materials will potentially allow the benefits of flight-qualified rhenium to be retained while offering substantially reduced weight and cost. In this project, Ultramet will team with Valley Tech Systems to demonstrate the feasibility of rhenium-lined graphite as an alternative to monolithic rhenium structures for SDACS. Ultramet’s current manufacturing contract for SM-3 components, as well as flight-qualified thrust chambers used in commercial satellite propulsion systems, makes it well-suited for the proposed development and demonstration of lower cost and lighter weight rhenium-based components.

Valley Tech Systems
129 N. Cloverdale Blvd #5
Cloverdale, CA 95425
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 696-5354
Russell Carlson
MDA 09-003      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Re-Ignition Integrated Low Level ACS (RILLACS)
Abstract:Valley Tech Systems (VTS) has designed a new propellant Re-ignition Low Level ACS (RILLACS) used for increasing future DACS and upper stage boosters pointing capability for Kinetic Kill Vehicles. The system architecture is configured to be either tightly integrated into DACS propulsion systems or as a stand-alone ACS subsystem. The ACS uses state of the art controllable solid propulsion technologies combined with new and previously developed MDA technologies to yield a low risk design that can meet a rapid TRL and MRL development cycle.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
J. H. Lalli
MDA 09-004      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Super Lightweight, Rad Hard, Morphing, Synergistic Structures for BMDS Kill Vehicles
Abstract:NanoSonic has developed Shape Memory Metal Rubber™ (SM-MR) skins that exhibit reconfigurable and durable RF properties and can be repeatedly and severely morphed without loss of EMI shielding (-88dB). Recently, it was found that SM-MR exhibits greater gamma ray attenuation relative to commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) radiation shielding materials, and does not emit harmful secondary radiation under a 137Cs source. SM-MR offers 2.2% gamma ray attenuation ([gm/cm2]/layer), and demonstrates a 370% weight improvement over COTS shielding materials. It is hypothesized that SM-MR morphing structures shall also exhibit durable radiation resistance upon reconfiguration; a property that few, if any, flexible materials exhibit. Typical highly filled or metal evaporated nanocomposites crack and spall upon flexation, and cannot be repeatedly mechanically stretched without rupture. SM-MR is based on covalently bound high z, dense, Au and Ag nanoparticles, rather than Pb. During Phase I, radiation shielding would be verified for SM-MR during potential disparate space array morphed configurations to demonstrate durability, stowability, and reconfigurability for space tolerant BMDS structures with self- healing properties to reach TRL6. TRL8 and 9 shall be reached during Phase II and III with assistance from our space systems prime partner upon flight testing and integration.

San Diego Composites, Inc.
9550 Ridgehaven Ct
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Christine Benzie
MDA 09-004      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Advanced Synergistic Structures for Interceptor Kill Vehicles
Abstract:The next generation kill vehicles are being developed to intercept an advanced target. MDA recognizes that meeting the evolving threat will require leveraging the next generation propulsion technologies towards a synergistic kill vehicle assembly. The impact of simply adding the propulsion components into a traditional missile structure is a KV assembly with redundant structures, as was shown on both the THAAD and EKV systems. While the low-toxicity liquid divert and attitude control systems (LDACS) technologies have reached a technology readiness level (TRL) 4, it has been done without consideration of flight weight fuel storage tanks and without consideration of how the propulsion components fit with the KV structural backbone. The process of synergizing the LDACS propulsion with the composite KV structure early in the development phase will provide MDA with a mass and volume optimized solution for consideration by next generation KV programs. The objectives of this SBIR proposal were designed to achieve a TRL 5 (at the end of Phase II) by integrating the LDACS components into prototypical hardware so that the subsystem can be tested in a simulated environment. SDC has teamed with an industry leader in the LDACS technology for next generation MDA interceptors.

LithChem Energy
1830 Columbia Avenue
Folcroft, PA 19032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 522-5960
Joseph Kejha
MDA 09-005      Awarded: 8/9/2010
Title:High Energy / Power Density Rechargeable Lithium Batteries Based on Advanced Materials
Abstract:LithChem Energy (LCE) will develop a new advanced high power/high energy density rechargeable lithium-ion cell/battery which has the potential of having a significantly higher energy density (> 240 Wh/kg) and a higher power density (high discharge rate estimated to be up to 10 C) than current lithium-ion batteries. This new rechargeable lithium-ion battery will be based on an advanced lithium manganese oxide cathode material with increased Li/Mn ratios of 1 and higher. The modification of this material will stabilize its long term cycle life. The anode material will be a minimum or non expanding lithium metal alloy foil/powder combined with carbon anode material. This advanced lithium-ion battery combination will is expected to also demonstrate excellent cycle life. The gain in energy density results from this novel high capacity cathode material (estimated to be >230 Ah/g) and the greater capacity of the anode containing a form of lithium metal which not only eliminates the losses due to the anode electrode interaction (SEI) but adds additional interculation capacity for long term cycling. This significantly high energy density battery will also have direct application in the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and the all electric vehicle (EV).

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5051
David Ofer
MDA 09-005      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Rechargeable Lithium Ion Battery with Enhanced Reliability & Safety for Missile Defense Applications
Abstract:TIAX proposes to improve the reliability and safety of lithium ion rechargeable batteries by developing detection algorithms, suitable for inclusion in battery management systems, which monitor for formation of in-cell internal shorts, the overwhelming cause of thermal runaway safety incidents involving lithium-ion batteries. These detection algorithms will be based on electrical signals that TIAX has identified which constitute high-reliability markers for the presence of in-cell internal short circuits. Early detection of the formation of internal shorts in lithium ion cells will afford opportunities for preemptive intervention to avert catastrophic failures and their associated consequences.

AET, Inc.
1900 S. Harbor City Blvd. Suite 225
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 727-0328
Glenn T. Hess
MDA 09-006      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Development and Packaging of Radiation Immune Nano-Diamond Integrated Circuits for Advanced Interceptor Avionics
Abstract:The goal of this program is to develop nanosacle electronics and packaging technology that is hardened to space and nuclear radiation. Vanderbilt will assist AET in the development of packaging technologies for lateral emission-based diamond devices characterized for temperature insensitivity and radiation hardness. A laterally configured diamond emission device can offer significant advantages for IC-compatible high-speed and RF applications from its low input and negligible parasitic capacitance features, lithography controlled sub 100nm interelectrode gap and versatile emitter geometry, and monolithic integration of multiple device electrodes, all achieved using simple microfabrication process steps. The Vanderbilt University Diamond Laboratory built the first diamond lateral emitter. They have now developed a consistent fabrication technique, paralleling IC process technology for nanodiamond lateral field emission devices, operable at very low electric fields and voltages, generating high currents. Diodes and transistors form the major building blocks of an integrated circuit. Monolithic vacuum diodes and triodes have been developed with the nanodiamond lateral field emitter, using consistent and conventional microelectronic processing techniques. The capability of patterning thousands of these devices monolithically on the same substrate has been demonstrated. These low-voltage operating diamond devices can be suitably developed and interconnected, achieving silicon IC equivalent and compatible logic gates.

Archangel Systems, Inc.
1635 Pumphrey Ave.
Auburn, AL 36832
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 826-8008
William Dillard
MDA 09-006      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Extreme-SWAP IMU for Missiles and Interceptors: Rad-hard
Abstract:XIMIR (Extreme-SWAP IMU for Missiles and Interceptors: Rad-hard), is a co-planar IMU development program that combines two navigation-grade inertial sensors being independently developed under separate funding with a novel packaging solution for shock, vibration and temperature immunity. Rad-hard ASICs for the inertial sensors are part of the 3-Phase effort, yeilding a compact IMU form factor of less than 10 cc while consuming less than 1 W including temperature control for low in-run bias stability. The inertial sensors are highly compatible for co-packaging. They have the same form factor, are made from identical materials, require similar support electronics, and provide a full 6- DOF measurement without orthogonal mounting of sensors. As a result, cross-axis alignment is sub micro-radian.

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9004
Behzad Moslehi
MDA 09-006      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Inertial Rate Sensors for Next Generation Interceptors
Abstract:Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) that can provide high-resolution Line of Sight (LOS) stabilization and accurate inertial pointing are needed to support future interceptor avionics systems advanced ballistic Missile Defense Systems (BMDS) missions. IFOS, bringing years of pioneering experience in Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes (FOGs), proposes developing an advanced, ultra-low weight FOG that can meet stringent conditions for interceptor IMUs, including withstanding radiation in excess 300 krad as well as the high shock and vibration that accompany launch, yet can also deliver excellent pointing accuracies with drift rates of 0.1 deg/hr and 0.003 deg/rt-hr angular random walk capabilities even after prolonged storage. IFOS will exploit innovative techniques including newly available radiation hard (RH) smaller fibers and optoelectronic components, tighter coiling, and packaging concepts that would allow substantial reductions in FOG weight and volume. Phase I will focus on design and subscale testing of proof-of-concept RH, lightweight FOG components and elements. In Phase II, IFOS will design and develop reduced size and weight RH FOG prototypes and will work with Lockheed Martin to incorporate the FOG within functional IMUs and develop testing and characterization protocols for performance demonstrations when subjected to radiation levels at thermal ranges of interest.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
MDA 09-006      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Advanced Interceptor Avionics
Abstract:As more countries hostile to the U.S. gain access to and develop ballistic missile technology, the threat of attack against U.S. territory or its allies steadily increases. The continued advancement of Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) interceptors to support longer range missions on more flexible and agile vehicles is crucial to counter this threat. These advanced interceptors require substantially smaller navigation systems with a high degree of subsystem integration. In response to this needed technology, SA Photonics has developed a concept design for CIMS – An ultra-compact inertial measurement unit for advanced seeker line of site stabilization. CIMS is a 3-axis Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG) with a 3-axis accelerometer built using a high level of sub-system integration. Key technologies developed by SA Photonics reduce the form factor of this navigational grade IMU, without comprising performance. CIMS versatile architecture will provide systems integrators the best opportunity to position inertial sensors at the optimal location in advanced interceptors, in spaces 8X smaller than traditional navigation grade IMU’s deployed today.

Adherent Technologies, Inc.
5505 Foothills Canyon Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 346-1685
Jeremy Barlow
MDA 09-007      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Thermal Protective Coatings for Interceptor Missiles
Abstract:This SBIR project will address the combined effects of aerothermal heating, rain erosion, and moisture and gas diffusion on the degradation of interceptor missile radomes designed for hypersonic travel. A novel method of protecting hypersonic interceptor missiles from the rigors experienced at velocities several times the speed of sound is proposed. The technology is based on the conversion of a polysilylene into silicate using novel conversion methods. The coating will be applied as a solution of polymer that will be subsequently bonded intramolecularly (crosslinked) to form a tough, insoluble material. The crosslinked polymer will then be converted to a thermally stable silicate capable of mitigating high temperature degradation and weather/atmospheric erosion. The coating will be a reinforcement layer designed to act in concert with current ceramic radomes and composite radome materials currently in development.

American Technical Coatings, Inc
12520 Triskett Rd
Cleveland, OH 44111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 251-5000
Mark Hawthorne
MDA 09-007      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Advanced Materials & Processing Technology for Missile Defense Applications
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to validate the concept of an injection moldable in- situ reinforced barium alumino silicate (IRBAS) missile radome using a Hotblox pre-ceramic siloxane binder system. In Phase I, ATC will optimize formulation, mixing and molding process development. ATC will work with Lockheed Martin to develop sintering processes and to characterize the material. At the end of Phase I, ATC expects this project will result in an injection moldable IRBAS material that has been molded into subscale radomes (4 in. tall) and that has been characterized (TRL=3) for use in missile radome applications.

Applied Thin Films, Inc.
1801 Maple Ave. Suite 5316
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 287-6292
Benjamin Mangrich
MDA 09-007      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High-Emissivity Ceramic Matrix Composites for Hypersonic Airframes
Abstract:New materials and processes are needed to achieve performance requirements of future ballistic missile defense systems (BMDS). Ever increasing demands on achievable speed and performance require thermally stable, lightweight and mechanically robust thermal protection systems to protect underlying structures from aerothermal heating, radiative heating, as well as impact from rain and other particulate. Oxide ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) based on aluminum phosphate matrix compositions are proposed to enable high thermal benefit and mechanical integrity. Inherent high emissivity of the CMCs will provide added benefit of improved radiative heat rejection. In addition surface coatings proven to seal against moisture ingress and offer protection against hypersonic rain impact will be used to create an engineered surface needed for these conditions. Phase I activities will consist of CMC coupon fabrication and testing, while Phase II will focus on process scale up and prototype fabrication.

San Diego Composites, Inc.
9550 Ridgehaven Ct
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Robert Kolozs
MDA 09-007      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Improved Permeation Barriers in Lightweight Cost Effective Missile Canisters
Abstract:This Phase I program will provide the MDA with innovative composite materials and automated manufacturing processes that will reduce moisture permeability, cost, and weight for future generations of missile launch canisters. SDC will utilize our expertise with launch canisters and detailed composites knowledge to develop a moisture permeability barrier for composite launch canisters to meet rigorous moisture sealing requirements for long term missile storage. In addition, SDC will integrate the moisture permeability barrier technology directly into the filament winding process to create a cost effective, automated, and efficient manufacturing process for composite launch canisters. The permeability barrier technologies and manufacturing processes developed in this Phase I will be validated by the production and testing of both subscale and full- scale launch containers under expected missile storage environments.

NexGenSemi Corporation
27130A Paseo Espada, Suite 1405
San Juan , CA 92675
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 422-6625
Michael Zani
MDA 09-008      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Sub65nm RH Annular Devices by Direct Write FIB
Abstract:NexGenSemi Corporation is presenting a manufacturing method for high resolution pattering of annular devices at “state-of-the-art”, sub 65 nm geometry nodes. The company will work with Vanderbilt University/ISDE Group design and model the annular device physical structures that will be processed in phase II. Using high resolution Direct Write Focused Ion Beam Lithography (DWFIB), NexGenSemi shall develop pattern generation exposure files from ISDEs design, demonstrate high resolution registration techniques and establish beam profiles supporting for Phase II device fabrication. A feasibility study of this Executive Order 13329 compliant advanced manufacturing technique will be provided as the outcome of the program. The feasibility study includes the necessary preparation analysis for Phase II hardware demonstration by providing annular device design data, device models, CAD files, process models, DWFIB beam parameters and throughput models. The project will determine the manufacturing feasibility by DWFIB of annular device as a solution for Ballistic Missile Defense Systems (BMDS).

Radiation Assured Devices, Inc.
5017 North 30th Street
Colorado Springs, CO 80919
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 531-0800
Michael Tostanoski
MDA 09-008      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Development of Standardized Testing and Modeling for Neutron Single Event Effects in Integrated Circuits
Abstract:As feature sizes decrease in digital, analog, and mixed signal devices, susceptibility to neutron single event effects (nSEE) becomes more and more an issue in microelectronics used in commercial and military systems. Satellites, interceptors, avionics, and ground based systems have all been shown to have susceptibilities to neutron induced upsets and latchups. With the constant push to use commercial-off-the-shelf components in all systems, neutron effects in all types of microelectronic components need to be characterized so that parts can be qualified for their specific application. Radiation Assured Devices, Inc. proposes to leverage in-house radiation sources, manufacturer relationships, and existing SEE, Total Dose, and prompt dose test capabilities to develop a comprehensive “Neutron Single Event Effects Qualification Guide” for microelectronics components needed by modern commercial and military systems. Phase I will include the review of available data, models, and neutron test facilities to produce a draft “nSEE Qual Guide”. In addition, a validation plan will be developed to guide Phase II testing in support of validation of the qualification guide.

Structured Materials Industries
201 Circle Drive North Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Gary S. Tompa
MDA 09-008      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Advancing CRAM Producibility
Abstract:In this SBIR program, SMI will work with an established producer of radiation hardened CRAM and the originators of CRAM technology to utilize the manufacturing benefits of i) MOCVD processing, ii) advanced active material compositions for CRAMs, and thus, (iii) further optimize CRAMs. In Phase I we will sample produced materials in test structures with device production partner(s), determine potential benefits and refine the Phase II program definition according to achieved results. Based upon a successful Phase I, in Phase II we will do direct comparisons to conventional (product level) devices to determine if pursuit of Phase III manufacturing using MOCVD and /or advanced compositions is warranted for continued product improvement and work with device manufacturers to advance CRAM devices utilizing improved quality materials for advanced CRAM manufacture. Phase III would be implementation of Phase II developments in CRAM products and / or in the making of superior CRAM products.

GrammaTech, Inc
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Thomas Johnson
MDA 09-009      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Antitamper Technology for Missile Defense
Abstract:A reverse engineer who has the ability to examine software in an off-line lab has an enormous advantage over one who is forced to work “in the field”. In contrast to the software’s intended environment, a reverse engineer can work undetected, and can more easily make use of analysis tools such as debuggers or emulators if they have fine control over the system that is executing the software. One of the most challenging problems in protecting software is ensuring that it cannot be executed within such an environment. We propose to develop a new protection system that tightly binds software to a specific hardware environment. The system relies on taking a fingerprint of unique characteristics of the hardware such as timing. Building on GrammaTech’s existing tools, DARE and gtSDT, this new system will bind software such that it only operates correctly when run on hardware exhibiting the correct fingerprint, thereby preventing the software from executing if the underlying hardware is altered or replaced.

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James M. Lewis
MDA 09-009      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Antitamper Technology for Missile Defense
Abstract:LIT proposes the development of Phantom Sensor technology to prevent exploitation of US Weapons Systems and to protect Critical Program Information by characterizing the configuration of a CCA and for determining if the CCA has been tampered with or altered. Phantom Sensor CCA characterization extends the operational effectiveness of the system and protects system components by verifying appropriate system configuration. LIT Phantom Sensor circuits are implemented in programmable logic and can be incorporated with Zero Component Impact to mission critical systems containing programmable logic devices. This research emphasizes Phantom Sensor circuits in dual- configuration implementations and includes operating temperature research.

Verayo, Inc.
1054 S. DeAnza Blvd Suite 201
San Jose, CA 95129
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 996-0352
Richard Sowell
MDA 09-009      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Antitamper Technology for Missile Defense
Abstract:Verayo, Inc. (formerly PUFCO, Inc.) proposes to investigate the application of breakthrough Physical Unclonable Function (“PUF”) technology to generate unique digital identifiers to protect against counterfeiting, system reconfiguration, or unauthorized access and which could be used for verification and protection of Confidential Program Information (CPI). The overall objective is to develop a conceptual model for a PUF-based unique identification technology that is secure, robust, safe, low power, low-cost, and flexible enough to seamlessly integrate with BMDS weapons programs and manufacturing processes common to commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) semiconductor devices (FPGAs & ASICs). The Phase I project will present not only a conceptual framework, but also an actual demonstration of the proposed approach and PUF technology in an FPGA test board. Additionally, the project will explore targeted potential performance and security enhancements to state-of-the-art technology that Verayo, based on the investigation in this Phase I project, would recommended pursuing in a structured Phase II program to increase the overall technology readiness levels (TRL) of unique identification solutions using PUF technology. Verayo will collaborate with a large- scale DoD Prime contractor in this effort who brings to the project extensive anti-tamper and security expertise and will assist in defining candidate test platforms and devices in a potential Phase II effort.

ENSER Corporation, The
5430 70th Avenue North
Pinellas Park, FL 33781
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 520-1393
Annmarie Ronacher
MDA 09-010      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Automated Thermal Battery Assembly
Abstract:Although there are numerous types of primary and secondary batteries which now fulfill a variety of roles within the Department of Defense (DOD), primary thermal batteries are arguably among the most important in terms of their impact across all service branches, to include the Missile Defense Agency. Along with increased performance capabilities and packaging flexibility, thermal battery manufacturers must deliver the highest levels of reliability while continually driving down cost. Toward this end, virtually every phase of the design and manufacturing process must be automated and then monitored and controlled using Statistical Process Control (SPC) methodologies to the maximum extent practicable. Variability and costs associated with operator involvement throughout the overall manufacturing process must be eliminated, or at least significantly reduced. Further, all key manufacturing processes must be sufficiently flexible so as to accommodate multiple battery products which can vary significantly in terms of size and complexity. The purpose of this SBIR proposal is to implement a program to automate the final stages of the thermal battery manufacturing process (i.e. robotic stacking of pellets, automated cell stack visual inspection and automated wrapping and final assembly).

ENSER Corporation, The
5430 70th Avenue North
Pinellas Park, FL 33781
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 520-1396
Annmarie Ronacher
MDA 09-010      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Advancements in Thermal Battery Pellet Manufacture
Abstract:Thermal batteries are a mission-critical component utilized in virtually every weapon system. All thermal batteries require four types of pellets that comprise the cell stack(s), i.e., the energy-producing portion of the battery. Pellet size (diameter and thickness) and the number of pellets required vary by battery type and application. Pellets are manufactured by compaction of their powdered constituents in dies on automated presses. Pellet production is a rate-limiting step in thermal battery manufacture. At present, the pellet production rate (pellets per minute) is highly dependent on the type of powder material being pressed and type of press being used. The powders being utilized for pellet production do not possess ideal properties. The chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of the various powders are vastly different. It is therefore important that any automated powder handling methods developed are applicable to powders having a wide range of properties. This SBIR project focuses on the development of improved powder transfer properties. Accomplishing this will substantially increase thermal battery production rates while ensuring the exacting levels of control necessary to maximize both performance and reliability. The result of this will be a reduced cost to customers and increased production throughput.

InvenTek Corporation
320 Willow Street
New Lenox, IL 60451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(815) 462-4145
Thomas D. Kaun
MDA 09-010      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Ballistic Missile Defense System Innovative Power Storage Devices
Abstract:An opportunity exists to lower cost and improve thermal battery performance by applying a unique separator material, ceramic fiber separator (CFS), developed by Inventek Corporation. The paper-like material can also serve as a foundation for thin-electrode fabrication and a continuous method for battery/cell fabrication. Additional InvenTek will apply low-temp nitrate chemistry in development by Millenium Engr. and Integr. (MEI). Cell weight with CFS is reduced by at least 20% and provides greater capacity utilization and 30% lowered internal impedance. Both specific energy and power can be doubled from double cell voltage with metal oxides (up to 4 volts) and reduced cell mass with CFS . The combination of CFS and nitrate electrolyte/metal oxide electrode can approach 100Wh/kg and 7kW/kg. Continuous processing method of cell fabrication with CFS can be 40-fold faster than the conventional pressed powder thermal batteries. Specifically, the CFS serves as a setter for the printing of electrode material that can be conformal in cell/battery shape. Eliminating intensive hydraulic pressing operations can reduce thermal battery production costs by a nominal 25%. Phase I will provide a proof of concept demonstration of the cell technology. In Phase II Inventek will collaborate with a thermal battery manufacturer to demonstrate low-cost continuous processing for the CFS- supported thin cells.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 4
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2002
Hisashi Tsukamoto
MDA 09-010      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Ballistic Missile Defense System Innovative Power Storage Devices - Battery materials
Abstract:For this effort Quallion proposes the domestic development of li-ion active materials. Quallion will investigate synthesis and performance of a new anode material as part of this effort.

ADVANCED MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES
1319 MEADOWVISTA WAY
ROSEVILLE, CA 95661
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 783-4899
Henry (Mic) Meeks
MDA 09-011      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Low Cost Process Technology For Smart Sensor Materials
Abstract:Low cost, lightweight, multifunctional “smart materials” can now be micro-engineered so as to be inherently Rad-Hard, thereby eliminating the need for secondary, “bolt-on” attachment schemes. Furthermore, the same micro-engineering techniques provide a dual-use capability by also providing a material with excellent stiffness; again without incurring cost or weight penalties. These micro-engineered “smart materials” are also environmentally safe and provide opportunity for rapid change-out in existing space systems. This is an extremely important factor in the current climate of reduced spending and urgency for programs to remain fixed on current parts and suppliers. Cost reductions can allow for the investigation new materials and the ability to increase overall system performance

Fibertek, Inc.
510 Herndon Parkway
Herndon, VA 20170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 471-7671
Brian Mathason
MDA 09-011      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Active Sensor Materials and Process Technology Innovations
Abstract:We propose novel, more compact and inexpensive active sensors designed to operate interactively with passive IR seekers to provide enhanced performance in a number of important missile defense scenarios. We have identified a new approach to laser radar (ladar) design that exploits emerging monolithic laser concepts to produce a highly integrated, easily manufactured ladar components designed for integration into existing or planned sensor suites. Central to our approach is a multiwave transmitter with output wavelengths ranging from one to four microns in the near and mid infrared spectrum. The output of this transmitter can enable multiple active functions using detector/receiver components common to passive seeker systems.

STIMULUS Engineering Services, Inc.
411 North JFK Avenue
Loogootee, IN 47553
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 296-1996
Vickie L. Williams
MDA 09-011      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Ultra High-Speed Video Processing for High Resolution Electro-Optical Sensors
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is developing a new kill vehicle to be employed as part of a missile system upgrade program. One of the performance enhancements under consideration involves improving performance through the integration of data from three sensors, each operating in a different spectral range, with both active and passive capability. This document proposes a unique and novel approach to sensor integration through the development of a Common Video Processor Board. This innovative design receives signals from a wide variety of sensor elements over a common interface bus, pre-processes the data configurable to the sensor type connected, and provides an integrated signal to the mission computer via a high speed Industry Standard Interface. Because performance characteristics of the Common Video Processor Board are firmware defined, the board may be reprogrammed to respond to emerging threats or sensor technology enhancements. In addition to the unique aspects of active and passive sensor integration, this effort challenges the limits of on-board data processing. In order to accommodate the data rate of known and emerging sensors, the processing capability of the board approaches 7.5 Gbits/sec, approximately nine times the speed of processors currently being used.

C9 Corporation
34 Hearthstone Dr.
Wilton, NY 12831
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 798-6100
Stan Hemstad
MDA 09-012      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Development of a High Strength Low Thermal Diffusivity Insulator Material
Abstract:C9 propses to develop a high strength, low thermal conductivity insulator material for use in Divert and Attitude Control Systems. The goal is to develop a 15ksi tensile strength material with thermal conductivity of 1 Watt/Meter-oK. Probable success is based on the starting material using a low cost, net shape, chopped fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composite material that has an amorphous matrix even after firing to 1100oC and already has 3W/MK thermal conductivity and 8-12ksi tensile strength. The work will proceed by substituting hollow and low thermal conductivity fillers into the composite, use a modified ceramic matrix forming polymer that is even more likely to remain less crystalline, reduce the fiber thermal conductivity and further improvements in strength by better molding and densification. Thermal Mechanical Testing will include outside test labs. The initial target application is a pintle guide for a DACS propellent control valve. We are supported in this application by Aerojet General Corporation that is currently using either Noveltex reinforced C/Sic that has too high thermal conductivity at 15-20W/MK and is very expensive, ablative phenolic that is not shape stable, or Sodium-Phosphor-Zirconate(NPZ) that is low strength , brittle and subject to thermal shock. Although the target application is the pintle guide this material is applicable to the pintle, and other DACS and rocket motor applications such as valve blocks, nozzle flange insulator rings, thrust chamber internals, and wherever ablative phenolic, NPZ and noveltex reinforced C/SiC is currently used.

CalRAM, Inc.
2380 Shasta Ave, Suite B
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 844-7819
John Wooten
MDA 09-012      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Electron Beam Melting Manufacturing for DACS Divert Dome
Abstract:CalRAM, Inc., a small-veteran owned company, has been developing a capability for producing near-net shape titanium components directly from CAD files. The process uses a layer-build or additive manufacturing process to build 3-D structures by melting titanium powder directly with an electron beam. The mechanical properties are comparable to conventionally fabricated Ti-6Al-4V. Working with Aerojet of Sacramento, CA, CalRAM proposes to demonstrate that electron beam melting manufacturing is a feasible process to produce the SM-3 Divert Dome at a reduced cost while simultaneously improving the production reliability. This will be accomplished by manufacturing the part in one piece eliminating all of the machining and joining presently used to manufacture the component.

Frontier Engineering
5925 Indian Pointe Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 577-8771
Jim McKinnon
MDA 09-012      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Manufacturing Process Maturation for Propulsion Technology
Abstract:This proposal provides an innovative solution to reduce the size and mass of a precision regulator used on typical liquid DACS systems. Novel friction-reducing Belleville washer designs and a secondary spring unit keep the regulator compact, simple and low weight while maintaining a +/-5% regulated pressure outlet tolerance. The simple temperature- compensating device keeps the size small and helps increase regulation precision. Low seat stress materials will keep the lockup pressure increase low.

KION defense Technologies Inc
1957A Pioneer Rd
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 682-2060
Frank Kuchinski
MDA 09-012      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Manufacturing Improvements of Zr-Based DACS Components
Abstract:KiON Defense Technologies, Inc. (KDT) proposes a new route to the fabrication of Ultrahigh Temperature Ceramic parts based on preceramic polymer technology. The new fabrication method is based on the synthesis of new, single component ceramic precursor resins to ZrC-SiC ceramics that comprise significant mole fractions of Zr. The resins will be based on the modification of KDT’s liquid ammonia-derived poly(silazanes) with Zr. A new “warm pressing” technique will be used to generate shapes that are pressureless sintered. KDT’s approach promises to deliver a simple, flexible, and new manufacturing capability to supply parts for Ultrahigh Temperature applications such as DACS.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Michael MacDougal
MDA 09-013      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High-performance, cost-effective SLS arrays using conventional III-V processes
Abstract:Aerius Photonics plans to develop cost-effective focal plane arrays (FPAs) based on InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattice (SLS) structures for long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) wavelength applications. Presently, the majority of arrays are fabricated in academic or laboratory environments. Building on their expertise in building large InGaAs arrays, Aerius will develop wafer processes that are straightforward to transition to a foundry. New processes, particularly those related to passivation will require modifications to ensure a smooth transition to the foundry. Aerius expects that the changes made to the passivation process will also have the beneficial effect of reducing dark current related to wafer processing. In Phase I, Aerius will perform a preliminary development of the passivation processes to assess its compatibility with SLS devices. If successful, Aerius would fully transition the process to their foundry in Phase II, and build 1K x 1K arrays ready for hybridization to the appropriate ROIC.

Maxion Technologies, Inc.
5000 College Avenue, Suite 3121
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 405-1256
Richard P. Leavitt
MDA 09-013      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Performance Infrared Focal Plane Arrays with Advanced Quantum Structures
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR effort is to develop an alternative technology for a new generation of high-performance type-II superlattice (SL) detectors that are suitable for MDA applications in the spectral region from 7 to 11 um and beyond and that out-perform detectors that are based on existing technology. Type-II systems offer potential advantages over MCT and conventional III-V semiconductor technologies; consequently, our focus in this effort will be to fully assess the use of type-II SL absorption regions in conjunction with recently demonstrated advanced detector architectures that are type-II- SL-based variants, in one way or another, of Maimon and Wicks’s high-operating- temperature (HOT) configuration. By varying the structure, compositions, and thicknesses of the SLs and by deliberately altering their interface structures, we will design, grow, fabricate, and test lattice-matched heterostructures whose detector properties are optimized for the wavelength bands of interest to MDA. The present Phase I proposal concentrates on three primary objectives in pursuit of the overall goal: (1) Design improved type-II detectors that incorporate blocking-layer architectures; (2) Grow and characterize a series of samples appropriate for evaluating detector material quality; (3) Grow, fabricate and test single-element prototype detectors.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
MDA 09-013      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Type-II InAs/GaSb material development for two color focal plane arrays
Abstract:Tracking and recognition of fast moving targets require fast, sensitive, uniform focal plane arrays (FPAs). However, high performance single band FPAs are sometimes unable to discriminate a target from its background when they present similar infrared radiation at a given wavelength. This may occur even if the temperature of the objects is very different. In such a case, Two Color FPAs offer an additional wavelength that allows easy identification of the target. Cheaper, higher performance, more robust Two Color infrared detectors are highly needed in the 8 and 10 micron infrared spectral bands for missile defense missions. Type-II InAs/GaSb superlattices represent the most promising material system for delivering a more affordable and producible FPA, while at the same time exhibiting similar or better performance than current technology. In comparison to the existing state of the art HgCdTe based detectors it is expected that Type-II InAs/GaSb superlattices will allow for the realization of improved Two Color FPA performance at a much lower cost, once commercialized. The device design and material growth issues will be address in this Phase I program to demonstrate the viability of Type-II superlattice technology. In Phase II, Two Color FPAs will be delivered.

QmagiQ, LLC
22 Cotton Road Unit H, Suite 180
Nashua, NH 03063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Mani Sundaram
MDA 09-013      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:SLS Photodiodes Grown by MOCVD
Abstract:We propose to experimentally investigate MOCVD (Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition) as a technique for growing high-quality Type-II InAs/(In)GaSb SLS (Strained Layer Superlattice) photodiode epi material. In collaboration with the University of Maryland, our goal is to grow, process, and measure longwave infrared detector material and devices and compare them to identical MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy) -grown material and devices. MOCVD''s advantages include faster growth rates, fewer defects, and superior optical device epi (resulting from fewer deep traps and non-radiative recombination centers). If these advantages hold true for SLS epi, minority carrier lifetime, diffusion length, quantum efficiency, and array pixel operability can be significantly improved. In Phase I, we will check the promise of MOCVD. If feasible, Phase II will optimize growth and fabricate FPAs (focal plane arrays).

Intelligent Epitaxy Technology, Inc.
1250 E. Collins Blvd.
Richardson, TX 75081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 234-0068
Paul Pinsukanjana
MDA 09-014      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Development of Radiation Hardened Type II SLS for Smart IR FPA for Space Applications
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR effort will develop low dark-current and high radiation-hardness infrared detector technology based on unipolar barrier structure Type II strained-layer superlattices. The design architectures and process technologies developed to minimize dark current are expected to enhance device performance, especially in the presence of the degradation mechanisms anticipated in a hostile radiation environment. The rad-hard SLS design efforts will be done by leading experts at the University of New Mexico (UNM) and Raytheon Vision Systems (RVS). The advanced Sb-based SLS MBE will be done by IntelliEPI using proprietary in-situ tools to characterize and optimize the growth. Device fabrication and testing will be done by UNM and RVS, with radiation exposure performed by Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force base.

Spire Semiconductor, LLC
25 Sagamore Park Road
Hudson, NH 03051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 689-1235
Xuebing Zhang
MDA 09-014      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Development and Demonstration of High-Performance InAs/GaSb Superlattice Long Wavelength Infrared Focal Plane Arrays through Improved Sidewall Passiva
Abstract:Dark current plays an essential role in the performance of LWIR InAs/GaSb SL-based FPAs. Previous improvements in material quality and device design have significantly suppressed bulk contributions to the dark current. The dark current due to surface defects becomes prominent with decreasing detector size, as in the case of high- resolution FPAs. Furthermore, for LWIR FPA with very small band gap energies, a small change in the Fermi level, due to the formation of defects on sidewalls during device fabrication, may cause majority carrier inversion near the sidewall resulting in diode shunts. Therefore, improving the passivation is of particular importance to FPA performance. Spire Semiconductor proposes to make InAs/GaSb SL based LWIR FPAs with low surface leakage current using a unique processing and passivation techniques developed in Spire Semiconductor. In phase I, Spire Semiconductor targets small array (64x64, pixel size ~~25x25 mm-2) with a bulk-limited R0A product and sidewall surface resistivity higher than 10KW cm at an operation temperature of 77K. In Phase II, Spire Semiconductor will work with FLIR to develop high definition 1k x 1k FPAs for Space applications.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
Adam Lee
MDA 09-014      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Large-Format Dual-Use Radiation-Hard ROIC for IRFPAs and Star-Trackers
Abstract:New, modular radiation hard [>300 kRad (Si)] ROIC designs are required to address the needs of planned ballistic missile defense system. Anticipating the needs for large formats, small pixel sizes, and multiple spectral bands, the features of an existing radiation-hard space imager ROIC will be used to develop the design of an extensible 1024 × 1024, 15-μm pixel ROIC design. The design includes switchable gain modes, flexible windowing, a digital command interface, and a 14-bit ADC. After completing a Phase I design-of-experiments to optimize the design for optical, electrical, and radiation performance, using a qualified CMOS fab, in Phase II a fully functional dual mode ROIC will be fabricated.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Farzin Lalezari
MDA 09-015      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Radar Multi-Beam Receive Arrays
Abstract:The FIRST RF approach to multi-beam phased array antennas proposed for this phase I program uses innovative application of techniques traditionally used in communication networks in order to simultaneously perform RF analog beamforming of multiple beams simultaneously on a single RF manifold. The proposed methods are scalable to a large number of simultaneous beams, and are independent of both the radiating aperture and the radar waveform for modular implementation. The networks can readily be designed to integrate into the FIRST RF low cost SMArT array architecture, opening avenues for rapid transition into other FIRST RF development programs for use in electronic warfare and communications applications in addition to radar. The phase I program will demonstrate a small multi-beam array at S-band, and define an optimal architecture that can be implemented using customized components at X-band during phase II. The hardware demonstration during phase I will demonstrate not only the viability of the technical approach, but also the low cost and manufacturable nature of the FIRST RF techniques by completing the demonstration with the limited budget and schedule constraints of a phase I SBIR.

HYPRES. Inc.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Robert Webber
MDA 09-015      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Low Cost, Scalable Radar Receive Array Using True Time Delay
Abstract:HYPRES will bring the power of digital-RF technology and True Time Delay (TTD) beamforming to enable extremely wideband phased array radar receivers. By directly sampling the received signal and performing beamforming on the sampled version, the drift, bulk, expense, and power consumption of analog circuitry are avoided. By beamforming using time delay rather than phase, the beam is truly non-dispersive and will retain its precision over extremely wide bandwidths. By adopting a pseudo-monostatic or bistatic radar configuration, the receive antenna is not encumbered by the transmit circuitry. Our technology leads to an array configuration that is highly scalable both in terms of the number of elements and in the number of simultaneous beams. This scalability applies to both the electrical performance and to size, weight, and power. In Phase I, we shall investigate the use of unique superconductor mixed-signal, and digital electronic circuits to provide direct conversion of RF to the digital domain and ultrafast digital logic. We shall also develop innovative mechanical, cryogenic and electrical integration designs to enable construction of a modular array configuration. We will evaluate inclusion of superconductor and semiconductor cryogenic analog circuitry to provide superior low-noise amplification and filtering and to maximize the cryogenics efficacy.

Innovative Technology, Inc.
6806 West 3rd Street #28-16
Greeley, CO 80634
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 488-0304
James Whelehan
MDA 09-015      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Radar Multi-Beam Receive Arrays
Abstract:Next generation BMD sensor systems are anticipated to be highly networked. One radar concept has a single or a few illuminators and multiple receive antennas. It is desirable that the receive arrays be electronically steerable and support multiple simultaneous receive beams. Therefore, these future surveillance radars need to be more agile. To meet their mission objectives, they require wideband, multi-polarized, receive arrays that can provide up to 8 beams. Each beam will need to independently steer over a 120degree conical field-of-view with an instantaneous bandwidth of at least 100 MHz over the full operating bandwidth of the array. Our concept will provide 8 independently steerable beams for one polarization and another 8 for the orthogonal polarization. All 16 could be used independently, or some pairs can be combined to get beams of any arbitrary polarization. To achieve these goals, an innovative concept is presented to minimize the size and weight by using active combiners and dividers. Our concept is to design an analog approach for the element level and a digital design for the subarray level. In addition, this new concept will result in a design that will be affordable and low cost for future surveillance radars.

Crystal Research, Inc.
48501 Warm Springs Blvd. Suite 103
Fremont, CA 94539
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 445-0833
Suning Tang
MDA 09-016      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:A Fast Scanning Photonic Multi-Beam Receive Array for BMD Applications
Abstract:Crystal Research, Inc. (CRI) and Lockheed Martin Corp. (LM) propose to develop an x- band photonic multi-beam receive array based on a high-speed one-variable fiber-optic true-time-delay beamformer, capable of simultaneously receiving more than 10 independent RF beams with wide scanning angle of }60 degrees and fast scanning speed of 300 ns. Such a high steering speed is 3 orders of magnitude faster than any other existing optical beamformers. For the very first time, a photonic beamformer is capable of steering a phased array antenna with the time constant compatible with that of the operating electronics circuits in the order of a microsecond. The proposed technology has all the advantages over conventional approaches while further increasing scanning speed and accuracy, reducing the system complexity, weight, and power budget by eliminating the complicated optoelectronic controlling and massive optical components such as optical switches and fiber Bragg gratings. Other advantages of using the proposed technology include microwave beamformer compatible and immune to electromagnetic interfere. We plan to develop a laboratory breadboard prototype for the proof-of-concept demonstration at the end of Phase I. In Phase II, we will design and fabricate a prototype that can be demonstrated in a representative environment.

EOSPACE Inc
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 869-7673
Walt Charczenko
MDA 09-016      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:High Resolution RF-Photonic Beam-Forming for Multi-Beam Receive Arrays
Abstract:EOSPACE will study the feasibility of using unique Hybrid TTD RF-Photonics modules for performing beam-forming operations in Multi-Beam Phased Array Antenna systems. The architecture utilizes a unique High-Resolution Hybrid True Time Delay module that was developed by EOSPACE for achieving wideband multi-beam operations over wide scan angles. These RF-Photonic modules offer greater performance capabilities, while allowing the fiber optic distribution networks to offer a 2x reduction in size, weight, cross-section, and power consumption in MDA Phased Array Antenna systems, with much less susceptibility to EMI effects.

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9004
Behzad Moslehi
MDA 09-016      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Wavelength-Switching Photonic Beamformer for Steering Multiple Simultaneous RF-Beams
Abstract:The proposed effort is aimed at developing a photonic beamformer implementing wavelength-switching for beamsteering of multiple simultaneous-independent RF beams in Receive mode. We propose a novel high-speed, cost-effective and programmable true- time delay (TTD) processor that is shared by all elements of a phased-array antenna (PAA). This technique is based on controlling the optical path of each carrier from a tunable laser operating in C-band. The key innovation is that the direction of incidence of RF beam is determined by the wavelength of the optical carrier through a set of fiber Bragg gratings array that are shared by all T/R elements of the antenna. This method provides high-resolution beamsteering that is immune to EMI. Furthermore, this approach will not require any optical switching technologies removing the need for electronic control of the fiber-optic TTD matrix. However, in order to meet the demand of simultaneous processing of 10 independent RF-beams for PAA with 40,000-400,000 T/R elements it is necessary to supplement this wavelength routing TTD technique with optical CDMA and/or optical dynamic spectrum access technology. The need to operate across wider bandwidth, increased resolution, and higher dynamic range drives the need for simultaneous-independent RF-beams for both Transmit/Receive modes regardless of PAA size.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
MDA 09-016      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Photonic Multi-Beam Receive Arrays
Abstract:SA Photonics’ CORONA architecture is a photonic multi-beam beam former. It supports large phase array size of 40,000 to 400,000 elements with scanning angle of +/- 60 degrees. It supports multi-beam operation of minimum 10 beams with wide frequency range of over 2 octaves covering X band as well as L, S and C bands. The CORONA architecture consists of lasers/optical modulator, dispersive delay layer, 3D MEMS optical switch and band separator/signal combiner.

Capraro Technologies, Inc.
2118 Beechgrove Place
Utica , NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 733-0854
Gerard T. Capraro
MDA 09-017      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Multistatic chaotic waveform design for improved missile defense radar systems
Abstract:With the advent of new digital receiver exciters it is now feasible to generate innovative waveforms that can adapt rapidly to meet changing environments and scenarios. In order to meet the numerous and diverse objectives of this request for proposal we propose an approach that combines recent advances in the area of radar waveform design based on chaotic systems, multisensor data fusion based on the multistatic ambiguity function, and waveform optimization based on the use of genetic algorithms. Newly developed chaotic waveforms possess many desirable characteristics such as good range resolution, low range side-lobes and good average to peak transmit power ratio. In addition, their wideband spectrum makes them robust to jamming and other countermeasures. We propose to apply these near-orthogonal waveforms in radar configurations with multiple transmitters and multiple receivers. We intend to utilize the multistatic ambiguity function to assist in waveform design in order to meet desired radar performance criteria. Furthermore, to find favorable solutions to this complex nonlinear problem we will use genetic algorithms which provide a flexible and effective tool for waveform optimization.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
101 Bleecker Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-0101
Walter E. Szczepanski
MDA 09-017      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Innovative Waveforms and Related Signal Processing for Missile Defense Radars
Abstract:Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc. and Michigan Technological University propose to develop and estimate the performance of innovative adaptive wideband waveforms for missile defense radar applications that are jointly and simultaneously optimized on transmit and receive for realistic operating considerations, optimized for expected target, clutter and jamming spectral support and optimized for cooperative radar operation. Operational considerations include spectral management techniques to prevent interference to other co-band systems, operation in the presence of electromagnetic interference, transmitter and receiver effects, and multiple simultaneous radar operation. Our algorithms, featuring jointly optimized transmit-receive wideband waveforms, will mitigate both the transmit and receive effects while optimizing performance for expected target and clutter spectral support, maximizing the achievable SINR, while constraining the waveforms to operate in severely restrictive EMI/RFI environments. Mathematical analyses and computer simulations will demonstrate the performance of the waveforms under near-ideal conditions with simulated first-order radar transmitter and receiver characteristics and realistic target and clutter characteristics during Phase I.

Optimal Synthesis Inc.
95 First Street Suite 240
Los Altos, CA 94022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 559-8585
Hui-Ling Lu
MDA 09-017      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:A Unified Orthogonal Communication Framework for Adaptive Waveform Design of Missile Defense Radars
Abstract:This proposal addresses the feasibility of developing adaptive waveform modulation schemes for missile defense radars via the orthogonal communication concept. With the increasing prevalence of electronic countermeasures, innovative waveforms and advanced signal processing techniques are needed for improving sensing performance as well as reducing vulnerability to jamming for missile defense radars. Therefore, the goal of this study is to develop adaptive illumination waveform algorithms for enhancing target detection, discrimination, and tracking as well as increasing resilience to jamming and other countermeasures. Motivated from the analogy drawn between the cellular wireless communication systems and the general multi-static radar systems, Phase I work will focus on developing signal processing schemes of adaptive illumination waveforms for enhancing radar performances based on our prior development in interference avoidance via orthogonal communication for wireless communications. We shall develop unified system architecture of the adaptive radar waveform design for various scenarios including multi-static radars and multiple targets. To illustrate the effectiveness of our approach, we shall compare the performance of the developed system with the conventional linear frequency modulated waveforms and other state-of-art waveform adaptation algorithms. A software-defined radio evaluation platform will also be built to demonstrate the performance improvement of our proposed adaptive modulation design.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg.100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Daniel Bock
MDA 09-017      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Quasi-Orthogonal Burst Enhanced Radar Tomography
Abstract:To address the MDA need for innovative radar waveforms, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Quasi-orthogonal Burst Enhanced Radar Tomography (QBERT). This proposed modulation scheme is based on development of an adaptive chaotic waveform generator that will be able to easily and quickly generate a large number of orthogonal waveforms to aid radar systems in highly cluttered and electronically jammed environments. The innovation in chaotic waveform generation will enable the QBERT to generate orthogonal waveforms that can be used for both legacy and in development radar systems. QBERT’s enhanced waveform generation algorithms improve SNR by 5 times, and offers a tighter range-Doppler ambiguity function, 50% lower power requirements on transmission due to the ability to continuously transmit signals and the use of broadband signals, near ideal peak-to-RMS ratio, and ease of implementation of signal processing because of chaotic signal self-synchronization, which, together, directly address the MDA radar system requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of QBERT by simulating it and comparing the results to more conventional waveform techniques. In Phase II, POC plans to work with the MDA to test with real radar data to further show QBERT’s improved performance.

Technology Service Corporation
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 576-2307
Menachem Levitas
MDA 09-017      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Innovative Waveforms and Related Signal Processing for Missile Defense Radars
Abstract:Missile defense radar applications face increasing challenges in their detection, tracking, and discrimination functions. They include (a) noise jamming and clutter environment that become more severe as the required system sensitivities grow larger; (b) deceptive jamming that becomes more insidious with the progress of digital technology; and (c) difficult RFI situations as the operating bands become wider and as the RF environment becomes more crowded. To measure up against such challenges TSC proposes to leverage and to further evolve extremely fast waveform and filter generation capabilities that are based on TSC’s developed Local Optimization technique, together with corresponding signal processing algorithms. They include (a) high control over time domain characteristics with good peak and integrated sidelobes, as well as tailored notches; (b) spectral control with tailored in-band notching; (c) polyphase based orthogonal families of codes with excellent auto and cross-correlation characteristics; (d) synthetic wideband (HRR) waveforms with narrowband processing coupled with low spectral overlap which provide time-energy efficiency coupled with good electronic protection potential; and (e) significant experience and existing capabilities in signal environment modeling and adaptive processing. The adaptive use of said waveforms in the changing environments is a key goal of TSC throughout the proposed effort.

deciBel Research, Inc.
PO Box 5368
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-6124
Enrico Poggio
MDA 09-018      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Clutter Suppression and Debris Mitigation Techniques and Algorithms for Missile Defense Radars
Abstract:In this SBIR, deciBel Research proposes an innovative debris mitigation approach that includes moving bulk filtering to post-detection processing where it can help verify the classification of lethal object(s) and reduce leakage rather than increase it. Most importantly, we propose collecting the data of interest on deployment first, and then undertaking the detection and classification process in batch mode before individual tracks have been initiated. This approach will avoid tracker-related issues caused by high-density debris and clutter object(s) simultaneously. Becuase the necessary data will have already been recorded, the detection and classification can be reviewed, repeated, and modified as necessary to prevent leakage; all while the missile is still in flight.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Peter M. Mayer
MDA 09-018      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Multi-tiered debris and clutter mitigation for BMD radar signal processors
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes a multi-tiered, object-based approach to clutter and debris suppression during BMD engagements. Using PSI’s radar scene generator (developed as part of Aegis BMD RF KA efforts), models and test results for clutter and debris, and an innovative radar signal processing chain, improvements to the current and future generations of missile defense radars and sensors will be demonstrated and tested for effectiveness and robustness. The proposed innovations are intended to be applicable to current BMDS radar signal processing architectures, and include modifications to the front-end IQ data processing, pulse integration, the detection processing, and the tracker. A multi-tiered approach is necessary to ensure that that methods proposed are robust to a broad spectrum of clutter and debris, including staging debris/motor chuff during the ascent phase, chaff and other countermeasures, and post- intercept debris (of interest for kill assessment and raid scenarios) during the endgame. The two key metrics for success of the proposed approaches for the Phase I will be enhanced detection of the lethal object with a simultaneous reduction in the total false alarm rate, and an improved ability to form and maintain firm tracks on the lethal object in a clutter and debris dense environment.

Technology Service Corporation
1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 954-2200
George E. Bohannon
MDA 09-018      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Debris Mitigation for Missile Defense Radars
Abstract:TSC proposes to develop a software algorithm for improving the detection, tracking, and discrimination of threat objects in the presence of a dense environment of debris. Debris of the type to be addressed in the proposed work can rapidly increase the radar''s track load to the point where tracks must be dropped. The proposed algorithm obviates the need to track all of the debris objects, thereby enabling the radar to devote track resources to objects more likely to be the lethal threat and improving the probability of an early intercept during the ascent phase of the threat trajectory.

Libration Systems Management, Inc.
2301 Yale Blvd, SE Suite C3
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 243-6767
Charley Rhodes
MDA 09-019      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Innovative Low-Cost Encrypted Mobile Ground Systems
Abstract:The development of Libration Management System’s (Libration Systems) SGLS compatible mobile ground station will allow for a low cost solution to support micro and small satellite missions operations, provide 3-D tracking of spacecraft, allow for in-field direct communication to a satellite using DoD approved waveforms, and to allow fusion of multiple data links (K and S/L bands) for these satellites. These ground systems will give small missions a operational resource that can be tailored to their unique needs while provide these small missions operational priority that is not normally achieved using standard AFSCN ground systems.

Aqwest
8276 Eagle Road
Larkspur, CO 80118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 681-0456
John Vetrovec
MDA 09-020      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Payload Thermal Management Technology
Abstract:Aqwest proposes to investigate an innovative staged magnetocaloric refrigerator (SMCR) for thermal management of spacecraft payload electronics. SMCR offers a high- performance approach for thermal management of laser communication equipment and infrared (IR) sensors, while improving the overall payload energy efficiency and reducing its weight. The proposed project will leverage previous work by Aqwest in thermal management of electro-optical equipment and offers the following major benefits for Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and the Department of Defense (DOD): • Improved electrical efficiency • Reduced jitter • Reduced weight of payload and platform • Simple, compact, and lightweight hardware • Materials robust to radiation ensure lifetime > 10 years In Phase I, we will validate the SMCR concept via modeling and experiments using existing magneto-caloric effect (MCE) materials and permanent magnets to show the concept potential for cooling spacecraft payloads. In particular, we will develop 3D finite element models and predict SMCR performance, scaling of temperature differential, and refrigeration power. Moreover, we will develop and characterize each a magnet assembly and a heat flow switching, which are critical elements of the SMCR, and experimentally demonstrate their performance. Plans to further develop and exploit the technology in Phase II will be developed.

Atlas Scientific
1367 Camino Robles Way
San Jose, CA 95120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 265-4246
James Maddocks
MDA 09-020      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Integrated Circulator for Regenerative Cryocoolers
Abstract:The problem of cooling gimbaled optics and LWIR focal planes can be solved by placing the entire cryocooler on gimbal. However, a large mass penalty is paid for such configurations, because the gimbal itself must grow in size and mass in order to support the cryocooler. To address the requirements of cooling across a two-axis gimbal, flexible joint, or to multiple locations on a spacecraft, we propose to develop a lightweight, continuous-flow cooling loop integrated with a Pulse Tube Cryocooler (PTC). Because the cooling loop can be made of capillary tubing, it is easily made mechanically compliant by means of coiling thus allowing the cryocooler to be located off gimbal. Removing the cryocooler from the gimbal using the proposed Integrated Circulator (IC) will result in less mass on gimbal which in turn will provide for more agile (and capable) sensors, easier to integrate into spacecraft.

Peregrine Falcon Corporation
1051 Serpentine Lane, Ste 100
Pleasanton, CA 94566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 461-6800
Robert Hardesty
MDA 09-020      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Payload Thermal Management Technology
Abstract:Peregrine will provide an innovative replacement for MLI blankets improving the thermal isolation of instruments to their local environments. This proposed solution would yield a lower mass, less volume product while also eliminating sources of contamination, FOD and water entrapment. This solution will replace the labor intensive and non-uniform current blanket of MLI insulation with an analyzable, predictable and repeatable replacement.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 927-4774
Tom Murdock
MDA 09-021      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Improvements in Spacecraft Assembly, Integration and Test
Abstract:As the scale, cost, and strategic importance of electro-optical (EO) space-based sensor programs continue to increase, the need for efficiency in the Assembly, Integration, and Test (AI&T) phase of production becomes paramount to mission success. MDA has a serious and immediate need to reduce the schedule and cost impact associated with this phase of the effort. FTI proposes an innovative approach to streamline AI&T workflow by implementing a fully-integrated data architecture which will facilitate faster analysis turn- around times and cost saving. FTI will install a central database to manage the data stream and act as a historical record. Database stored procedures calls will be added to test equipment control software to log co-referenced telemetry and meta-information directly. These technological improvements will facilitate the automation of key analysis routines. New and innovative methods of controlling and automating the analysis of test data will be developed and incorporated into an existing software framework. This will permit the display of analysis products instead of simply raw data to the Subject Matter Expert (SME). The FTI team believes this integrated approach has the potential to help make substantial reductions to the cost and duration for AI&T of future MDA Space Systems tests.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Guy Yosiphon
MDA 09-021      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Reactive Planning Framework for Spacecraft Assembly Integration & Testing
Abstract:Planning and scheduling of the activities that occur during spacecraft Assembly, Integration & Testing (AI&T) is a computational challenge. General purpose project management tools are too brittle and cannot be used to interactively modify existing plans during project execution. The planner should take into account ongoing changes and failures that occur in the assembly environment and respond promptly. UtopiaCompression’s proposed solution is a reactive and hierarchical planning suite that incorporates an innovative and intuitive Object-Oriented design. The framework includes a novel Reactive component that monitors the state of the system and repairs or replaces its current plan if there are delays or other failures. Plan repair is achieved by computationally efficient local search algorithm. The framework includes a backup scheme and continuously searches for the most relevant plan in its repository with relation to the current environment settings. In order to encode complex models, we introduce an intuitive Object-Oriented form for designing models. The proposed system is integrated with distributed constraint processing algorithms. In addition, the system is designed to decompose plan goals and perform parallel planning over the sub-problems. A local search scheme is utilized to merge the different plans.

CapeSym, Inc.
Suite 1B 6 Huron Drive
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 653-7100
Shariar Motakef
MDA 09-022      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:CZT Substrates for Improved MCT Detector Performance
Abstract:The work proposed here seeks to produce CZT substrates with superior qualities aimed at improving the performance of MCT detectors used in infrared detectors. The proposed work promises to overcome one of the major causes of dislocation formation in MCT structures.

Nu-Trek
17150 Via Del Campo Suite 202
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 587-2038
Rex Baird
MDA 09-022      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Large Format Space Focal Plane Array Technologies
Abstract:Nu-Trek and BAE Systems are teaming to develop a rad-hard readout integrated circuit (ROIC) for use in conjunction with IR, LWIR, and VLWIR detectors. This work is in anticipation to future upgrades to the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS) focal plane array (FPA). The proposed work leverages off of previous Nu-Trek work in which an ultra low power analog to digital converter (ADC) for on-chip data conversion was designed (1-2 mW per ADC core). As it takes 40 mW of cooling power to remove the heat produced by the dissipation of 1 mW of electrical power in the dewar, achieving low power dissipation enables broader implementation of on-chip data conversion. In the proposal we will expand on our previous work in the following manner: (1) LVDS pre- driver and LVDS line driver will be designed. The use of the LVDS pre-driver in the dewar represents a power savings of 4.4 mW/driver. (2) Reduce the lowest operational temperature from 68 K to 30 K. (3) Increase the effective number of bits (ENOB) from 12 to 14. (4) Significantly increase the radiation hardness to meet STSS requirements.

Photronix
35 Sandybrook Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 221-0442
Phil Lamarre
MDA 09-022      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Large Format Space Focal Plane Array Technologies
Abstract:This proposal describes a revolutionary advancement for space based sensing applications. The research work performed under this SBIR will allow for very large focal plane arrays (FPAs) to be manufactured at reduced costs by a special new technological advancement which will substantially reduce the costs of Read Out Integrated Circuits (ROICs) for these very large focal plane arrays. This new advancement will decrease technical risk and improve producibility of very large format FPAs (for 2048 x 2048 pixels, 30 um or smaller pitch). This technology would also reduce cost significantly for 3072 x 3072 pixel FPAs and larger future generation very large FPAs.

TELAZTEC LLC
15 A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 229-9905
Douglas S. Hobbs
MDA 09-022      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Yield Enhancing AR Treatment Process For Large Format Space FPAs
Abstract:Imaging sensors, or focal plane arrays (FPAs), designed to detect the light signature of ballistic missiles, are a critical component of the Missile Defense Agency’s (MDA) space sensor program known as the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS). The need to detect a missile at the greatest distance from its intended target, drives the advancement of sensor technology toward the increased resolution afforded by large pixel count FPAs. As an example, the Air Force Research Laboratory’s (AFRL) recent HIGH STARE program will develop a 4 mega-pixel infrared FPA, a pixel count that is 16 times greater than the original infrared FPA planned for STSS. A major challenge for HIGH STARE sensor manufacturers BAE Systems and Teledyne, will be to increase the fabrication yield of large format FPAs. One concern that has been identified involves the warping of the FPA substrate during processing that can lead to failures at the assembly, or hybridization stage. This problem is particularly aggravated by stresses introduced when depositing the conventional multi-layer thin-film coatings needed for effective infrared anti-reflection (AR). Eliminating or preventing wafer stress introduced by thin-film AR coatings may become impossible when fabricating large format FPAs such as the 7x7cm HIGH STARE format. A solution to the yield limiting stress issue is proposed where thin-film AR coatings are replaced by a high-performance, radiation-resistant, stress-free AR treatment based on surface relief microstructures fabricated directly in the FPA substrate. TelAztec has been developing high performance AR microstructure technology in an ongoing MDA sponsored SBIR project that has progressed into the Phase II Transition stage. With the active participation and support of Raytheon, Teledyne, and BAE Systems, TelAztec proposes to apply its AR microstructure treatment to large format, 7x7cm CdZnTe substrates. The transmission and surface figure of the wafers will be recorded before and after application of the AR treatment to determine the amount of added stress. A wafer treated with thin-film AR coatings deposited by BAE Systems, will be tested to provide a direct comparison. Each test wafer will then be bump-bonded to a mechanical silicon ROICs to qualify the expected reduction in hybridization failures. Plans will be made to refine the AR microstructure fabrication process and to apply the process to large format functional devices during a Phase II project and into Phase III.

Kent Optronics, Inc
40 Corporate Park Drive
Hopewell Junction, NY 12533
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Amy Du
MDA 09-023      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Enhanced Spacecraft Survivability
Abstract:This Phase I proposal proposes to develop a space qualified agile multi-spectral laser protection device (LAPD). Based on KOI’s exclusive tunable filter, the LAPD can automatically detect and reject multiple dangerous laser lines to protect spacecraft sensor from being dazzled or damaged. The advantages of the technology are: a) reject laser wavelength without disturbing the spacecraft mission, b) high laser line rejection magnitude >10,000:1, c) reject any selected laser line (up to 1000nm) with a single filter or reject multiple laser lines simultaneously with 2.4x save on optical loss, 5.5x save on cost, volume and weight, d) low power consumption<15Watt e) Low weight ~10lb and f) Compact size ~8’’x8’’x4’’. In the Phase I program, space qualifications of the proposed technology will be simulated and analyzed. A demo LAPD will be developed and characterized. At last, technical approaches and route will be established for future Phase II program. In Phase II working prototype(s) will be developed followed by extensive field-test till all the specifications as well as the space qualification are met.

Sensing Strategies, Inc.
114 Titus Mill Road
Pennington, NJ 08534
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 818-9801
Richard Preston
MDA 09-023      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Enhanced Spacecraft Survivability
Abstract:SSI proposes to build a novel suite of sensors coupled with real-time signal processing algorithms to detect, classify and report on these potentially interfering or damaging sources. Our approach addresses the three areas of emphasis stated in the solicitation.

International Photonics Consultants, Inc.
38 Knife Edge Place
Pagosa Springs, CO 81147
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 731-0619
Edward W Taylor
MDA 09-024      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Radiation Hard Fast Light Semiconductor Ring Laser Gyro
Abstract:The purpose of our Phase I SBIR is to design, model and demonstrate a chip-size radiation hard rotation sensitive nonlinear semiconductor ring laser gyro. In conventional linear ring laser gyros, the sensitivity of the gyro to detect rotation motion is largely governed by the ring diameter. As the ring diameter increases the rotation sensitivity increases. This linear scaling property leads to necessarily large devices which are not appropriate for many systems that are weight and volume constrained but that require high sensitivity. Our innovative approach avoids this condition by exploiting nonlinear mode interactions which increases the rotational sensitivity by a factor of 100-1000 without increasing the gyro size. Theoretical calculations have shown that the rotation sensitivity of our proposed small chip size device far exceed performance parameters in comparable sized MEMS and other RLG devices and appear to avoid problems such as bias drift. We expect our device to be intrinsically radiation hard because of its monolithic semiconductor design. Proton and gamma-ray irradiations in accordance with MDA specified test levels goals will be conducted in Phase I to provide a demonstration of the device material and structure to meet near term MDA space qualification goals. The Phase I results will be used to fabricate prototype chip devices in Phase II which will undergo in-situ radiation hardness testing under dynamic conditions.

Sinmat Inc
2153 Hawthorne Road GTEC Center, Suite 129, Box2
Gainesville, FL 32641
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 334-7237
Deepika Singh
MDA 09-024      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Novel Reactive Chemical Mechanical Polishing (RCMP) Technology for fabrication of Large, Non-flat SiC mirrors
Abstract:Silicon Carbide (SiC) due to its superior thermal and mechanical properties serves as an attractive candidate as mirror material. The manufacturing of such mirrors is a critical challenge because of the hardness and chemical inertness of the material. The current state-of-the-art polishing methods are either typically very slow or introduce a high density of defects, scratches, or large stresses. Sinmat, in collaboration with Penn State University, plans to investigate a novel Reactive Chemical Mechanical Planarization (RCMP) method to rapidly polish non-planar SiC mirrors. This method is expected to be (2X to 10X) faster than conventional methods and has the ability to reduce/eliminate high and mid frequency surface roughness introduced by other methods. In the Phase I of this project, we plan to demonstrate the feasibility of this RCMP process to rapidly polish non- flat SiC mirrors, whereas in Phase II we plan to integrate the process with manufacturing companies, to fabricate large SiC mirrors.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 437-3899
Bill Goodman
MDA 09-024      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Dimensionally Stable and Survivable Silicon Carbide Telescope for Next Generation STSS System
Abstract:MDA, Raytheon and other DoD components are interested in Dimensionally Stable and Survivable Silicon Carbide Telescopes for the next generation of Space Tracking and Space Surveillance System (STSS). The requirements for the proposed athermal telescope are: operation in the Proton Belt (LEO, up to 1 Mrad Si total ionizing dose, TID), survive a nuclear event, optical performance across the 0.6-12 microns wavebands (VIS/MWIR/LWIR), and cryogenic operational temperatures from 150-220 K. The Principle Investigator successfully designed, manufactured and experimentally validated low emissivity, high reflectance, nuclear survivable VIS/NIR/LWIR seeker coatings on SiC mirrors under MDA Contracts #HQ0006-05-C-7149 and W9113M-07-C-0156, and dimensionally stable and survivable cryogenic coatings on SiC for MDA STSS Contract HQ0006-09-C-7121. This SBIR project series will support a conceptual Raytheon telescope design. We propose an advancement in CVC SiC material to demonstrate a rapidly fabricated and ultra-lightweight telescope that is athermal (70-350 K), survivable [1Mrad (Si) TID, and nuclear event] with VIS/MWIR/LWIR coating, and traceable to next generation STSS telescopes. We call the new material HoneySiC, a molded silicon carbide honeycomb which substantially eliminates mirror machining cost and schedule. In Phase II Trex will work with the government and Raytheon to fully qualify a prototype telescope.

Intrinsix
100 Campus Drive
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 658-7615
Steve Stecyk
MDA 09-025      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Radiation Hardened Monolithic Heterogeneous Processors
Abstract:Modern space tracking and surveillance systems are being required to provide ever- increasing sensor resolution and real-time processing of image data. Existing rad-hard stream computing solutions are large, heavy, and require excessive power, and still do not meet the real-time computing throughput needed for modern image processing. There is a need to support missions using low-cost, rapid-deployment, configurable satellites. Intrinsix proposes to build a 300 krad(Si) rad-hard, heterogeneous, multicore System-on- Chip. Rad-Hard-by-Design techniques enable the design to be targeted for a high density process technology. The implementation will be a highly modular and scalable architecture consisting of several Digital Signal Processing cores and several General Purpose Processing cores. The cores will be interconnected with each other and with on-chip memories using a modern high-throughput Network-on-Chip technology. The SoC will be capable of running modern Real-Time Operating Systems, and will support high performance communications. The overall SoC is intended to support the Air Force Space Plug-and-Play Avionics architecture. In addition to supporting the needs of image processing, a design needs to support data processing requirements for a variety of other sensors, widening the available use cases within a space system.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Bret Kragel
MDA 09-026      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Resource Optimization for Battle Management
Abstract:Resource optimization for battle management in ballistic missile defense requires the determination of both the optimal allocation and optimal employment of sensors and weapons against threat launches. This becomes especially difficult for threats in ascent phase, where the class of potential algorithms is restricted by severe time and information constraints. In this proposal, we focus on the allocation problem, also known as weapon-target assignment (WTA). The objective of WTA is to maximize the surviving value of targeted assets, while maintaining a sufficient weapon inventory to conduct operations against expected future threats. We propose to solve this problem with a fast optimization-based approach that uses decision theory to provide an optimal assignment of weapons systems to threats given a particular set of interceptor constraints, threat properties, and dynamic engagement geometry. This algorithm is intended to operate in either a centralized environment or a distributed environment and will augment the information available to the C2BMC operator for making engagement decisions. The value of our optimization-based approach to battle management will be demonstrated during Phase I using Monte Carlo simulation of representative missile defense scenarios.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Adel El-Fallah
MDA 09-026      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Unified Interceptor Assignment Algorithms
Abstract:Detecting, localizing, and intercepting one or more missiles during ascent phase presents a daunting theoretical and practical challenge. Scientific Systems Company, Inc. of Woburn MA and its subcontractor, Lockheed Martin MS2 Tactical Systems (LMTS)\ of Eagan MN, propose a foundational, control-theoretic approach to such problems. It is based on the idea of mathematically modeling a multiplatform-multisensor-multitarget system as SINGLE, JOINTLY EVOLVING STOCHASTIC PROCESS. All relevant information regarding behaviors of all sensors (whether passive or active), all platforms, and all targets are inherently integrated into the algorithm design at the outset. As a consequence, all major functions---data fusion, detection, tracking, navigation, and control, etc., are inherently integrated into a single, unified system. In principle, therefore, both the fly-out and the end-game are tightly integrated. Our approach is based on the following innovations: (1) multisensor-multitarget likelihood functions; (2)dynamic "tactical importance functions" that mathematically specifies the meaning of Target of Interest; (3) an intuitively meaningful and statistically based resource-management objective functions; (4) modeling of interceptor and ascending-missile constraints using multitarget Markov transition densities; and (5) integration of these concepts with nonlinear multitarget filters. The project team includes Dr. Ronald Mahler of Lockheed Martin. Lockheed Martin will provide both technical and commercialization support in the application of the advanced Interceptor Assignment Algorithms.

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 213-6184
VC Ramesh
MDA 09-026      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Game Theoretic Resource Optimization for Battle Management
Abstract:We propose a systems engineering based approach for battle management that utilizes a game theoretic resource optimization method. We explicitly consider adversary tactics in the two-sided optimization formulation. We propose an efficient parallel computing oriented optimization solution for the sensors-weapons-threat allocation problem. This addresses the real-time nature of the ascent-phase engagement scenario where time constraints are very stringent. Our model handles a wide variety of constraints including weather and cloud cover.

WarpIV Technologies, Inc.
5230 Carroll Canyon Road, Suite 306
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 605-1646
Jeffrey Steinman
MDA 09-026      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Resource Optimization for Battle Management
Abstract:Resource optimization strategies for engaging multi-stage, long-range missiles carrying multiple warheads during the ascent phase is an area of interest to MDA and the larger DoD community. The ability to rapidly predict the outcomes of extremely large numbers of decision permutations is crucial in allowing commanders to make more efficient decisions in time-critical operational settings. WarpIV Technologies, Inc. proposes extending its new five-dimensional simulation technology known as HyperWarpSpeed for computationally complex real-time estimation, prediction, and resource optimization problems. This technology enables the instantaneous spawning and exploration of multiple behavior timelines at key decision points within a single simulation execution while transparently harnessing the power of parallel and distributed processing resources. By sharing computations that are otherwise repeated in Monte Carlo experiments, HyperWarpSpeed has shown to provide orders of magnitude speedup over traditional approaches in preliminary studies. All HyperWarpSpeed event processing is rollbackable, which makes this technology prime to support real-time predictions with live data feeds that continually calibrate the models. In this sense, predictions are always based on best estimates of the dynamically changing current world state.

ExoAnalytic Solutions, Inc
20532 El Toro Rd Ste 303
Mission Viejo, CA 92692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 716-4290
Michael Bantel
MDA 09-027      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:SysTRAAK Multiple Hypothesis Track Correlation
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a Multiple Hypothesis Tracking (MHT) algorithm that will operate in real-time while receiving detection reports in ascent phase from a variety of disparate sensors. ExoAnalytic Solutions has developed mature tools, including the CCIR3 CSO algorithm and the SysTRAAK MHT tracking and discrimination simulation that will form the starting point for this proposal. CCIR3 is a TRL 6 CSO mitigation algorithm that is currently undergoing insertion into the SM-3 Block IIA testbed at Raytheon. The SysTRAAK end-to-end tracking and discrimination simulation utilizes the CCIR3 CSO algorithm to study multiple platform BMDS tracking, handover and discrimination performance. Using a focal plane detection algorithm like CCIR3 is critical for tracking and correlation studies in ascent phase where the CSO condition is a major issue to be resolved. The SysTRAAK simulation operates on detection reports containing metric data from disparate sensors (DSP, STSS, PTSS, airborne IR, interceptors, radar, others). It carries multiple hypotheses to account for potential target deployment, maneuvers, and for the “ghosting” that arises when targets and sensors nearly lie in a plane. This proposal will investigate utilizing radiometric information to enhance the probability of correct handover with demonstrations focused on ascent phase intercept.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Peter M. Mayer
MDA 09-027      Awarded: 7/5/2010
Title:Multi-Sensor Ascent Phase Track Correlation
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) plans to develop, evaluate, and benchmark algorithms to improve the tracking performance of multistatic multi-target tracking systems for Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD). The proposed algorithm improvements include developing advanced missile dynamics models to improve Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) tracking by improving accuracy and reduce track acquisition time for individual targets, while minimizing increase in computational complexity. These models will be incorporated into a joint Interacting Multiple Models-Multiple Hypothesis Tracking (IMM-MHT) system to perform multiple target tracking in a distributed sensor network. The baseline architecture includes full scene tracking at the level of individual receivers, with a centralized system such as the Global Engagement Manager (GEM) correlating tracks between sensor nodes. This architecture eliminates single points of failure within the sensor network, and allows an arbitrary configuration of transmitters and receivers to contribute to scene analysis and target tracking. In addition, this architecture supports pipelined data processing between sensors and a central tracker, and parallel processing of multiple tracking filters at both the receiver node and central tracker. PSI’s approach focuses on minimizing the time required to establish accurate track and perform early intercept by optimizing the trade space between search and track.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3418
Bonnie Valant-Spaight
MDA 09-027      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Track Correlation
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., (PRA) proposes to utilize its unique capabilities in atmospheric effects characterization, atmospheric effects mitigation, and track processing to develop multi-spectral track correlation algorithms to improve boost phase optical-to-radar track correlation for multiple sensor fusion in support of ascent phase intercept of ballistic missiles. PRA proposes to improve track correlation algorithms that utilize atmospheric refraction and turbulence measurements along low-elevation and long- range slant paths. The proposed approach will enable enhanced effectiveness in track correlation subroutines and enable effective sensor fusion in situations where sensors have less than ideal viewing geometry of a launch event. PRA is developing the Total Atmospheric Effects Mitigation (TAEM) System on Contract FA8718-06-C-0067 and the Enhanced Tropospheric Effects Compensation (ETEC) System under MDA Contract W9113M-04-C-0042. These systems operate at the radar site and supply a real time, dynamic 3-D characterization of the propagation environment. PRA has also developed an innovative track processing approach to mitigate atmospheric effects in the forward- based to mid-course radar-to-radar handover problem under Contract W9113M-07-C- 0052. In Phase II, PRA proposes to validate the approach to enhanced track correlation using a combination of high fidelity simulation and multi-spectral data collection.

SciTec, Inc.
100 Wall Street
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 921-3892
James Lisowski
MDA 09-027      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Track Correlation
Abstract:Several approaches to multi-target tracking using data from disparate sources are available as a point of departure for meeting the requirements of the ballistic missile defense system. Kalman filters (KF) represent the basic fusion approach geared towards tracking the 3D positions, velocities and accelerations of boosting missiles by fusing angles-only data from multiple sensors. Extended Kalman filters (EKF) and Interacting Multiple Models (IMM) are critical improvements to these fusion approaches, but armed with tracking data only they are not enough. It is clear that the problem cannot be solved simply by ingesting angles-angles data from a variety of disparate sensor sources into a boost phase tracker and “turning the crank.” The key to early intercept will be to discriminate between observations of multiple threats, eliminate false tracks, and characterize each threat prior to ingestion of angles-angles data into the EKF/IMM framework. SciTec’s will extract features that are available from signature data only during the early boost phase from OPIR to provide critical evidence of threat type and heading, fuse these features with track data to prioritize cueing/processing UAS data and develop a fusion processor that will ingest data from disparate sources to provide a track precise enough to support engagements.

Capraro Technologies, Inc.
2118 Beechgrove Place
Utica , NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 733-0854
Gerard T. Capraro
MDA 09-028      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Multistatic signature feature estimation for improved target discrimination
Abstract:In order to successfully identify a lethal object in a ballistic missile launch complex it is important to have a good description (or image) of the interrogated area. Radar’s ability to interrogate and accurately characterize complex target environments is of great importance for missile defense. Large targets and high resolution surveillance radar systems provide multiple raw detection data depending on a target’s orientation to the radar. We are proposing a novel radar signal processing algorithm that estimates the reflectivity of complex target systems containing multiple objects while intelligently using multiple existing radar assets. The proposed approach has several advantages as compared with the traditional discrimination imaging techniques. First, it requires only a single coherent pulse interval (CPI) to be processed at the receiver(s) although multiple CPIs may be used for better accuracy. Second, it is well suited to utilize signals from multiple sensors. Third, since the approach is based on processing signals that are passed through a traditional matched filter bank it is relatively easy to implement on existing systems. And fourth, resultant processing can be performed numerically without human image interpretation.

ExoAnalytic Solutions, Inc
20532 El Toro Rd Ste 303
Mission Viejo, CA 92692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 716-4290
Douglas Hendrix
MDA 09-028      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Multi-Spectral Countermeasure and Debris Identification and Mitigation Algorithm Suite
Abstract:Objects tracked by optical sensors in ascent phase and midcourse are frequently obscured on the focal plane by countermeasures and debris (or clutter) that affect the performance of discrimination and tracking algorithms. Ascent phase can be especially challenging due to the presence of fuel fragments and constraints due to a short timeline and closely spaced objects (CSO) on the focal plane. Problems include missed detections, false alarms, corrupted signatures and masking of pixels that contain lethal objects. ExoAnalytic Solutions possesses a body of tools that have been used to demonstrate that, when unmitigated, clutter could negatively impact the performance of the BMDS system. The proposed effort will be to develop a focal plane clutter identification and mitigation algorithm suite. The suite uses multiple band focal plane data to identify regions of interest that contain clutter via characterization of the surface material properties found on the focal plane. Once identified, regions are processed by generating image maps that are manipulated to reject “hot” clutter thereby enhancing signatures of relatively “cool” targets of interest. This work will extend efforts previously completed by the authors in the areas of CSO and clutter mitigation in support of ascent phase intercept.

MARK Resources, Inc.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
August Rihaczek
MDA 09-028      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Discrimination via Complex-Image Analysis
Abstract:MARK Resources proposes to apply its Complex-Image Analysis technology to develop processing algorithms usable by existing BMDS radars for target discrimination based on physics-based features. The proposed method does not require detailed information about threats, debris, or decoys and applies to radars of varying capabilities.

Applied Defense Solutions Inc.
8171 Maple Lawn Blvd Suite 210
Fulton, MD 20759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 483-4910
Daniel Elwell
MDA 09-029      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Radiation Hardened End-to-End Communication Links
Abstract:ADS proposes to apply the Communication Taxonomy (CommTax) toolkit developed under a previous SBIR contract (current in the final stages of Phase II development). CommTax will be applied to the specific case of of nuclear scintillation in order evaluate how configuration parameters can be adjusted to achieve optimal performance. In addition, we will evaluate CommTax''s underlying technologies for suitability for use in prototyping and testing various radiation hardening techniques and solutions

MAGICOM LLC
523 Canyon View Lane
Pleasant Grove, UT 84062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 796-9395
Michael A. Gerulat
MDA 09-029      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Radiation Hardened End-to-End Communication Links
Abstract:In this SBIR project MagiCom proposes several innovative concepts to provide high speed, in-flight communication links between the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) Fire Control and Interceptor/Kill Vehicles such as the Ground Missile Defense – Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle (GMD-EKV) and other potential platforms in a Nuclear Fading Channel / ECM Environments. The development of a Design for a Radiation Hardened Communications Link by use of novel concepts to allow an increase in data rate and reliability of future Ballistic Missile Defense (BMDS) end-to-end interceptor communication links operating through adverse conditions. A reconfigurable modem solution is defined, allowing a common communication system design suitable for cross-platform application.

Welkin Sciences, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
Blair Sawyer
MDA 09-029      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:Radiation Hardened End-to-End Communication Links
Abstract:Welkin Sciences proposes to develop two commercial products that will provide MDA’s analysts and communication system contractors with a greatly improved capability to develop scintillation-hardened communication links: the CommLink code (which will be a major upgrade to the COMLNK code); and the CommLink Defined Transceiver or CDT (a major upgrade to the COMLNK Hardware Platform or CHP). These new products will facilitate four aspects of the development process for scintillation- hardened links: the detailed analysis (including fading channel performance prediction) of multiple link design candidates and variants; coding and debugging of real-time transceiver software and firmware prior to detailed hardware design; rapid prototyping of the most promising designs; and hardware-in-the-loop testing to verify the predicted performance of a prototyped design(s) before expensive build commitments.

GrammaTech, Inc
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Alexey Loginov
MDA 09-030      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Information Assurance
Abstract:Insider threat has been an increasingly important problem given low employee morale in today’s tight economy and the increasing reliance on third-party software (including COTS components) that are generally only available in machine-code form and are in many cases produced oversees. We believe that a key to addressing the problem of insider threat is the use of powerful program analyses in order to automate and simplify the jobs of security analysts as much as possible. Further, we believe that no solution to the problem of insider threat is complete, unless it addresses the possibility of insider attacks embedded in COTS components. We propose to build on several GrammaTech technologies for static and dynamic program analysis in an effort to identify insider threat in source code, as well as in machine code.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
3 CORPORATE PARK, SUITE 260
IRVINE, CA 92606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 336-7707
CHIEU NGUYEN
MDA 09-030      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Information Assurance
Abstract:The SBIR effort develops the implementations of a complete Secure Software Framework that protect the complete cycles of development, manufacturing, deployment and maintenance. The frame work includes designs for tool sets, framework specifications, and studies of procedures/guidelines that can be directly applied to the software development, manufacturing, deployment and maintenance phases for provable security. The SBIR effort also includes the delivery of a Proof-of-Concept demonstration software program with selected features.

Reifer Consultants, Inc.
14820 N. Dragons Breath Lane
Prescott, AZ 86305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(928) 237-9060
Donald J. Reifer
MDA 09-030      Awarded: 6/21/2010
Title:Information Assurance
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project addresses malicious code insider threats during manufacturing through test. RCI''s strategy is aimed at isolating malware as part of the testing process during the life cycle support phase of the life cycle. Because testing represents as much as eighty percent of the work performed during maintenance, augmenting test processes and tools is thought to be a very effective way of accomplishing our goals. Once malware is detected, we will make a wide range of existing tools available to remove the potentially damaging code. The simulator will rely on manufacturing processes that will be used to certify and accredit software releases. An evolving set of standard test scenarios will be developed that mechanize these production processes so that they can be automated to the maximum degree possible. RCI will validate the potential of its Phase I concept by conducting experiments aimed at discovering malware buried in manufacturing releases. They will also conduct a market survey to scope the commercialization potential for the simulator.

Sentar, Inc.
315 Wynn Drive Suite 1
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Al Underbrink
MDA 09-030      Awarded: 6/21/2010
Title:Decision Support for Software Code Analysis
Abstract:A software tool is proposed for automatically executing both vulnerability and malicious code analyses against both binary and source code files. The analysis tools may be selectively applied, supporting a wide assortment of analysis and verification activities for code targeted at multiple hardware platform types. The proposed concept provides decision support for combining the results of multiple analyses into a recommendation for further action. Potential recommendations include approving the code for integration, pursuing more detailed analysis, forwarding the code for remediation, and rejecting the code. The innovation of the proposed concept is the integration and automation of multiple verification and analysis functions which can increase the trust levels in third-party software. The capacity to verify virtually all third-party software as free of security vulnerabilities and malicious code raises the bar for trustworthiness. Far more comprehensive analyses can be performed in a much more efficient process, thereby ensuring trustworthiness on a much greater scale.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Vineet Ahuja
MDA 09-031      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Effects of Hardbody-Plume Interactions on Radar Returns
Abstract:The innovation in this proposal relates to the use of a generalized framework for prediction of RCS that utilizes a common procedure for computing the signature from a hardbody and its associated plume. The RCS methodology is based on a first principles approach to the solution of the Maxwell’s equations utilizing a Vector Finite Element Method. The framework can be readily applied to predict the RCS signatures for complex three-dimensional hardbody configurations that include fins, multiple nozzles, etc. as well as highly asymmetric plumes that result from missiles flying at an angle of attack and structural interactions of the missile body and plume. Detailed studies will be performed that look at the interference effects of the hardbody, its structural components and the associated plume. Combined hardbody/plume simulations for configurations of interest will be performed and the sensitivity of the integrated RCS signature to hardbody-plume interactions will be evaluated in this proposal.

Propulsion Science and Technology, Inc.
848 Town Center Drive
Langhorne, PA 19047
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(267) 276-0180
Charles Berman
MDA 09-031      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Effects of Hardbody-Plume Interactions on Radar Returns
Abstract:An effective missile defense will require an understanding of the combined radar signature of a hardbody and plume and a capability for predicting that signature. While there is a well developed technology and understanding of radar for the detection of missile hardbodies, the coherent radar signature of the time averaged plume properties can confuse interpretation of the hardbody signature. This issue cannot be resolved because there is presently no efficient computer code for determining this plume signature. Moreover, even if it were easily computed, there is no current technology directed at understanding and utilizing the radar return from the combination of a missile hardbody and its exhaust plume. Thus, the overall objectives of the Phase I program are to develop: (1) modeling approaches to efficiently compute the contribution of the coherent plume signature to the total signature and (2) a coupling strategy between hardbody and plume RCS codes to predict the total signature.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Lawrence Bernstein
MDA 09-032      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Advanced Spectral Signature Models for Rocket Plumes
Abstract:The design of space-based optical sensors for detection and identification of threat missile launches relies heavily on plume signature simulation models. The development of physics-based plume signature models traces back ~50 years, resulting in very capable models. However, because of the enormous breadth and complexity of the physics and ever-increasing requirements for improved accuracy, higher spatial resolution, and broader spectral coverage, there are many areas where existing models do not adequately predict the signatures of real systems. Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to address many of the key model deficiencies through development and validation of innovative, advanced physics-based models for integration into the current state-of-the- art plume signature codes, including the FLITES radiation transport (RT) and the SOCRATES-P high-altitude and RPFM low-altitude flow field codes. The advanced plume signatures models include searchlight scattering, solar and earth shine scattering, photon trapping, hard body plume shine reflection, and molecular condensation. Phase I will feature incorporation of a photon trapping model into legacy codes and its validation against field data, and formulation of Phase II implementation approaches for all the advanced models. Phase II will feature development, integration, and validation of the advanced RT modules.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
MDA 09-033      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Plume EO-RCS Data Fusion
Abstract:Characteristics of missile plume UV/Visible emissions & RCS have a great potential to enhance defensive capabilities in several areas related to Ballistic Missile Defense Systems (BMDS). Supporting MDA’s engineering applications related to missile typing, discrimination, tracking, algorithm development, etc. requires estimation of many parameters by the plume models, which can be very expensive for complex targets that are not easily measured. High-fidelity, 3D plume modeling of threat systems is now at an advanced stage, utilizing a MDA-sponsored highly efficient, 3D CFD plume models; however, comparable capabilities are not available for corresponding RCS predictions and additional limitations exist with regards to plasma chemistry modeling for supporting predictions of UV/Visible emission from plume chemi-ionization. The Phase I will demonstrate an advanced 3D Vector Finite Element (VFE) RCS model for performing RCS predictions of 3D effects in plumes, which can strongly shift the Doppler spectrum of the plume from the hardbody return. A recently developed hydrocarbon chemistry mechanism will be extended to include CH(A) plasma modeling, enabling the application of first- principles plume signature modeling in supporting the exploitation of chemi-ionization processes. The Phase I provides a firm foundation for maturation of plume EO/RCS modeling tools into a production-oriented capability during Phase II.

Propulsion Science and Technology, Inc.
848 Town Center Drive
Langhorne, PA 19047
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 490-5515
Harold S. Pergament
MDA 09-033      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Plume EO-RCS Data Fusion
Abstract:The use of models to predict exhaust plume observables such as electro-optical (EO) signatures or radar cross section (RCS) is an integral part of many missile defense activities due to the limited quantity and extent of flight measurements on domestic and foreign missiles. The potential exists to enhance the fidelity of plume modeling by fusing information from multiple sensor measurements in EO and RCS space in order to extract and validate essential features of plume phenomenology common to both. Data fusion is analogous to humans using multiple senses (sight, smell, sound, taste, etc) to more accurately recognize something. When applied to missile defense, fusing data from multiple sensors and extracting relevant features, aims to locate, characterize, and identify a missile threat with more speed and accuracy than what can be accomplished with data from a single source. In addition, data from multiple sources such as electro- optical and radar sensors provide complementary measurements of plume properties. When used together these can provide a more comprehensive description of the underlying plume phenomenology, which is critical to improving next generation plume modeling fidelity.

Applied Quantum Technologies
3333 Durham Chapel Hill Blvd Suite E-100
Durham, NC 27707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 403-0926
Bob Guenther
MDA 09-034      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Terahertz Signature Modeling for Kill Assessment and Warhead Materials Identification
Abstract:The physical phenomena that dominates the use of submillimeter (SMM) spectra for the analysis of missile intercepts is the rapid cooling of the post-intercept gas and debris field and its impact on the SMM spectral signatures and post-impact chemistry. It is likely that the initial high temperatures and density will result in a molecular soup that is much more complex than the atomic mixtures that provide the short time emission spectra. With this complexity and richness of spectra come the prospects of much more signature specificity, as well as additional information about the physical states of the expanding gas cloud. An important aspect of the proposed Phase 1 effort will be to determine if enough information exists or can be developed for the envisioned Phase 2 code development. If not, we will provide alternative paths forward toward that end. These will emphasize the use of general principles of spectroscopy, chemistry, and remote sensing to establish those points in the evolution of the expanding gas and debris fields that are most likely to provide useful signatures so that resources can be focused on developing the required chemical, spectroscopic, and physical information.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
James Duff
MDA 09-034      Awarded: 4/30/2010
Title:Development of a Terahertz Typing Toolkit for Interceptor Kill Assessment
Abstract:A successful intercept of a missile by a kinetic energy kill vehicle initiates a complex sequence of events and associated observable signatures over a very wide range of temporal, spatial, and spectral scales. The signatures contain important information on the intercept lethality and on the contents of the warhead (nuclear, biological, or chemical). We propose to address this important MDA need by developing the Terahertz Typing Toolkit to enable an end-to-end simulation of the intercept signatures in the terahertz (THz) spectral region. This software toolkit will use first principles chemistry and spectroscopy modeling to create a time evolving signature from the nuclear and non-nuclear components of the expanding debris cloud. The toolkit, which will be designed to assess the feasibility of performing Terahertz warhead typing, will enable modeling of the signal- to-noise/clutter ratio for a variety of engagement scenarios and detection system concepts. The development of the toolkit would be a significant and innovative first step in the design and implementation of a Terahertz warhead kill assessment and typing system. Phase I will focus on prioritizing the phenomenology leading to debris cloud THz signatures, and assessing the usefulness of THz debris signatures for warhead identification.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
631 Discovery Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Dennis Bunfield
MDA 09-035      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Creation of a Global UV-VIS-IR Ocean Background Model That is a Function of Time, Location and Sea State
Abstract:The AEgis Technologies Group proposes to develop a robust modular ocean radiance model with FLITES as the primary focus for integration. The associated phenomenology of the ocean under various conditions has been identified for the implementation of first order principles. Other factors considered include runtime performance and flexibility to seamlessly interface with other computer codes for both operation and for accepting input from, or providing output to, third party codes/simulation modules. The simulation modules will be designed take advantage of massively parallel high performance computing hardware.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2200
Robert Contreras
MDA 09-035      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Creation of a Global UV-VIS-IR Ocean Background Model That is a Function of Time, Location and Sea State
Abstract:Areté Associates will develop an “ocean terrain” model for use with standard Missile Defense Agency (MDA) radiation code to create high fidelity simulations over the ocean. Specifically, Areté will apply its Synthetic Ocean Scene Generator (SOSG) to create ocean surface radiance fields in the ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS), and infrared (IR) wave bands, and couple them to the SHARC and MODTRAN Merged Code version 2 (SAMM2) radiation code. SOSG simulates ocean scenes of arbitrary geometry, incorporating nonlinear wave physics and accounting for water temperature and optical properties. The primary objectives of this Phase I effort are to interface SOSG with SAMM2, simulate ocean scenes over a broad range of scales, from local to global, and validate the simulations. Phase I activities will also include defining a sustainable architecture for MDA simulations and a plan for validation, both of which will be carried out in Phase II.

Computational Physics, Inc.
8001 Braddock Road Ste 210
Springfield, VA 22151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 764-7501
William M. Cornette
MDA 09-035      Awarded: 5/10/2010
Title:Creation of a Global UV-VIS-IR Ocean Background Model That is a Function of Time, Location and Sea State
Abstract:Next generation ballistic missile warning, defense and surveillance systems need to anticipate, through modeling and simulation, the background radiation of the battlespace environment, including geometries that intercept the ocean background. This objective requires prior knowledge of the environmental radiance conditions for development of optimal sensors and detection approaches. Much work has been done to create ocean background models, but what is needed is an innovative architecture that efficiently and seamlessly unifies existing, improved, and/or new computer code, along with access to satellite measurements of ocean parameters, in a consistent and fully integrated computer environment that can be utilized in a plug-and-play fashion by state-of-the-art background radiation codes, such as SAMM2, FLITES, and the Strategic Scene Generation Model code to meet missile warning and defense surveillance needs. This proposed effort will result in an innovative software product called the OCEANUS (Ocean Universal Scene) Model. OCEANUS will provide MDA with an innovative ocean scene model that incorporates ocean composition, ocean dynamics, the marine boundary layer, the land-sea interface, and the ocean observables in the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Raphael Panfili
MDA 09-035      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:The OCEANS global UV-VIS-IR Ocean Background Model
Abstract:Atmospheric effects, including the significant impact of ocean radiance, play a major role in remote sensing applications and the design of defense and surveillance systems. Tracking dim targets against a cluttered ocean background which is highly spatially and temporally varying is a particularly stressing scenario. The potential utility of any proposed sensor concept for missile launch detection or remote sensing is typically evaluated through a system-level study which involves consideration of a threat scenario against a wide range of plausible conditions spanning the full space of possible backgrounds. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a fast, robust scene generation algorithm to fulfill MDA needs for accurate ocean background models for ultraviolet, visible and infrared wavelengths. To develop this model, we will build on SSI’s previously gained knowledge and on the use of existing background models, expanding their utility to develop an efficient, high spatial resolution ocean capability. The model will be consistent with the current MDA scene generation models, such as FLITES and SSGM.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Roger Sanders
MDA 09-036      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Power PM Fiber Laser Coupler
Abstract:Fiber lasers have emerged as a promising technology for future high energy laser (HEL) weapons systems, having demonstrated single mode, CW operation at 10kW power level and high electrical to optical conversion efficiency (>25%). However, commercial fiber lasers are not practical for beam combining to obtain the higher power (100kW) levels required for future weapons systems without sacrificing beam quality. For that, single mode fiber lasers operating with linear polarized output (PM amplifiers) and narrow line width (GHz) need to be developed, ideally in the 1-10kW power range. One of the key “missing” optical elements required for this fiber laser, is the PM coupler used to combine multiple high brightness pump diode modules with the linear polarized signal. Currently this PM coupler technology does not operate robustly at the multiple kW level and must be developed before full scale testing of PM fiber amplifiers at the >1kW can be accomplished. Additional specifications that need to be improved in future PM coupler technology are lower signal insertion loss, to enable counter and bi-directional pumping configurations. This proposal aims to develop an improved multi-kW PM fiber coupler technology and demonstrate their operation in PM fiber amplifiers at 2-3kW, with specifications suitable for future HEL weapons beam combining programs.

EOSPACE Inc
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 869-8673
Suwat Thaniyavarn
MDA 09-036      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:HIGH-POWER-HANDLING INTEGRATED OPTICS COHERENT BEAM COMBINER
Abstract:Develop very-low-loss and high optical-power-handling electro-optical waveguide-based components for use for a high-power coherent beam-combining laser system operating at 1 µm wavelength

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
HeeDong Lee
MDA 09-036      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:A Development of Ceramic YAG Fibers for High Power Laser Applications
Abstract:In this Phase I work, UES will advance its current patented technology towards a novel ceramic process to produce high quality polycrystalline YAG fibers that meet the required properties for high power fiber laser applications. We show that YAG is far superior to silica as a material choice for fiber lasers, using a computational evaluation. UES has, over the past 5 years, developed a patented technology to produce ultrapure, 100% stoichiometric YAG nanopowders that are easy to sinter, and UES is now a domestic supplier of laser quality YAG powder. UES has also developed a robust consolidation process (sinter-HIP process) that produces laser quality dense products with a fine grain size designed for high strength. UES is very confident that this advanced ceramic processing technology can be further developed for fiber production; fiber forming by contaminant-free extrusion and fiber cladding by a slurry process are the proposed approaches. The fibers thus fabricated will be evaluated for laser-host applications and UES will demonstrate a successful technology of advanced fiber lasers significantly superior to silica based fiber lasers. In summary, UES will develop an innovative fiber production process for ceramic YAG fibers by utilizing UES’s patented advanced ceramic processes, including the production of ultra-pure Yb-doped YAG powders.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
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(805) 642-4645
Daniel Renner
MDA 09-037      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High-efficiency vertical-cavity laser diode pumps for high-energy solid-state lasers
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes to develop fiber laser pump blocks and modules based on Vertical-Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) arrays which can have a manufacturing cost ten times lower than the existing Edge Emitting Laser (EEL) technology. Aerius will demonstrate and deliver high efficiency VCSEL array blocks and modules emitting at 808 nm and 940 nm wavelength. These blocks and modules can be used to pump Nd-doped, Yb-doped solid state and fiber lasers. The array design results in a low wavelength- temperature dependence which is a key performance characteristic to pump narrow absorption lines. In Phase I, Aerius will design all the elements of the pump block and module: VCSEL array, optical, electrical, thermal and mechanical components. Aerius will also build an array prototype to perform early experiments to evaluate and reduce risk. In Phase II, Aerius will build complete blocks and modules, evaluate their performance and execute a second iteration of design and build. These resulting advanced pumps will be provided to system integrators for testing in actual solid state and fiber lasers.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
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(858) 373-2739
Harry Rieger
MDA 09-037      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Brightness and Power DPSS Laser Illuminator
Abstract:ISL with partner with Raytheon and Rock West Composites to design a diode pumping solid state laser system with the following specifications: 250mJ/pulse, 300Hz, <10ns pulse duration (as low as 0.7ns), and <1.5x diffraction limited beam quality, and wall plug efficiency to better than 15%. Rock West Composites expertise is in monolithic rugged optical systems and will develop the conceptual packaging design. Raytheon will provide the guidance for system integration of the laser into an air/space platform. The objective of the Phase I is to recommend a feasible conceptual design for which a detailed design for constructing a prototype system can be pursed in Phase II.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
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(360) 518-3411
Anmol S. Nijjar
MDA 09-037      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Energy Laser Technology Innovations for BMDS Directed Energy, Tracking, and Illumination
Abstract:Next generation lasers for Missile Defense ranging applications require scaling pulse brightness and repetition rates in compact and efficient packages. To address this need, nLight proposes to significantly increase the pulse energy of passively Q-switched diode pumped solid state laser while maintaining excellent beam quality in an efficient master- oscillator power amplifier architecture.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Michael MacDougal
MDA 09-038      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Photon-Counting Focal Plane Arrays for Active Sensing from 0.4-2.5 μm Wavelength
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes to develop photon-counting, linear-mode detection, active imaging focal plane arrays (FPAs) with photoresponse from 0.4 to 2.5 μm wavelength (VIS-NIR-SWIR) by inserting their Broadwave™ photodetector material into an Avalanche Photodiode (APD) structure. In Phase I Aerius will demonstrate the feasibility of the approach by fabricating APD arrays and test structures with photoresponse to 2.1 μm, and develop a Readout Integrated Circuit (ROIC) design appropriate to work with the APD arrays. In Phase II Aerius will fabricate 256x256 APD arrays with photoresponse to 2.5 μm, complete the design of and fabricate an appropriate ROIC, integrate the detector arrays with ROIC and demonstrate active imaging with the FPA throughout the VIS-NIR-SWIR wavelength bands.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
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(630) 771-0203
Silviu Velicu
MDA 09-038      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Near-infrared, Linear Mode, Photon Counting HgCdTe Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:The MDA is developing deployable airborne systems such as the Airborne Laser (ABL) for boost-phase missile defense. The ABL’s mission would significantly benefit from the development of sensors that enhance target detection and ranging capabilities. We propose near-infrared, linear mode, photon counting avalanche photodiode (APD) arrays that are compatible with ABL and based on highly sensitive HgCdTe heterostructure detectors. They offer the advantageous combination of several properties, including staring mode operation, high bandwidth, high quantum efficiencies, low noise, linearity and room temperature operation. The proposed arrays will be fabricated in a lateral current collection device architecture that possesses a larger optical detection area than electrical junction area, and also has the advantages of a reduced dark current and higher resistance than a traditional planar device. In the Phase I effort, we will use a 2D device modeling tool to design, simulate and optimize HgCdTe near-infrared, lateral current collection, photon counting APDs, grow the structures by molecular beam epitaxy, fabricate single element detectors with lithography, perform inductively coupled plasma etching and metal evaporation, and characterize the electrical, optical, gain and noise performance of the sensing detectors.

Nova Research, Inc. DBA Nova Sensors
320 Alisal Road, Suite 104
Solvang, CA 93463
Phone:
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(806) 693-9600
Mark A. Massie
MDA 09-038      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Speed, High Dynamic Range Near Infrared Active Imaging System
Abstract:Readout integrated circuit (ROIC) designers at Nova Sensors are developing a 768 x 512 pixel “High Dynamic Range Array” (HIDRA) ROIC that is optimally matched to operate today’s high performance InGaAs near infrared (NIR) detector arrays. In addition, unlike conventional ROICs for infrared applications, it will not saturate when exposed to radiances produced by very bright targets. It incorporates a capacitive transimpedance amplifier (CTIA) input amplifier stage that produces optimized performance when used with an InGaAs photovoltaic detector array. Preliminary estimates indicate that the ROIC- contributed noise should be < 30e- when operated in its “linear” mode of operation. The extremely high speed readout structure of the device, combined with our use of the highest-performance InGaAs detector material currently available and a unique NIR illuminator source from Aerius Photonics, will produce a system that satisfies the demanding requirements of extremely high quality active imaging. This sensor system will enable photon counting and wavefront sensing applications. Nova Sensors proposes a design/trade study based on devices and electronics currently in development in other programs and on the proven performance of Aerius Photonics’ devices. The Phase 2 effort will develop/test the resulting system.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
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(971) 223-5646
Andrew Huntington
MDA 09-038      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Rate Single Photon Sensitive Coded LADAR Receiver
Abstract:There is a need for a high-resolution two-dimensional focal plane array (FPA) with single photon sensitivity (SPS), pulse amplitude storage, and GHz bit rates that can record both the time (with <250 ps jitter) and amplitude (>10 bits) from multiple returns from a single laser pulse. Such a system has the potential to significantly reduce LADAR size, weight, and power (SWAP) by alleviating the laser requirements. In this program, a high gain (>1,800), low excess noise (k<0.03) linear-mode APD will be configured into a focal plane that is capable of recording the time of flight (TOF) of up to 128 pulse returns per frame for each pixel in the FPA. The prototype LADAR receiver will be demonstrated in Phase I, and in Phase II, a ROIC integrating a low-noise, multi-GHz amplifier into each unit cell will be designed and integrated into a 32 × 128 focal plane array, with SPS, ns pulse pair resolution, and <25 psec TOF time stamps.

Left Hand Design Corporation
7901 Oxford Road
Longmont, CO 80503
Phone:
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(303) 652-2786
Lawrence M. Germann
MDA 09-039      Awarded: 7/12/2010
Title:High Energy Laser and Laser Illumination Optics Improvements
Abstract:Current MDA High Energy Laser systems have can greatly benefit from more agile scanning optical systems.'' This proposal focuses on improving key characteristics of LHDC''s current scanners. These characteristics include scan performance, step response, pointing accuracy and optical coating survivability by utilizing innovative scanner mirror substrate materials and actuator configurations. Additionally LHDC’s proven large field of regard, minimal size and mass must be maintained for space applications. Innovations to reduce power consumption and dissipation, minimize servo control bandwidth limitations and enhance optical coating survivability are to be introduced to achieve greater scanner performance. A key innovation is the introduction of advanced scanner substrate materials like silicon carbide and silicon carbide foam.

Precision Photonics Corporation
3180 Sterling Circle
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
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(303) 952-2854
Dale Ness
MDA 09-039      Awarded: 6/7/2010
Title:High Energy Laser and Laser Illumination Optics Improvements
Abstract:The development outlined in this proposal will lead to an advanced concept modular IBS coating system capable of coating ~1m diameter optics to a high degree of uniformity, while maintaining our industry-leading laser damage threshold performance. In Phase I, coating uniformity in a commercial IBS chamber will be dramatically improved, and applied to 30cm diameter substrates. In Phase II, this technology will be scaled in a low-cost manner to optics with ~60cm diameter. During these efforts, PPC’s sophisticated 3-D mathematical model of IBS coatings will be used to optimize the design for an even larger chamber, capable of coating optics with diameters of ~1-2m. Also, throughout these efforts, laser damage threshold will be continuously measured to insure that this critical metric is not degrading with substrate diameter.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
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(858) 437-3899
Bill Goodman
MDA 09-039      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Advanced Multi-Purpose NIR/MWIR Dual-Band Coatings and Mirrors for HEL Beam Control Systems
Abstract:MDA and other DoD components are interested in Advanced Multi-Purpose NIR/MWIR Dual-Band Coatings and Mirrors for HEL Beam Control Systems for future Airborne Laser and MDA High Power Laser weapons and sensors, whether airborne or spaceborne. The proposed technology is relevant to all beam control and delivery systems, including: primary and secondary mirrors, Coudé mirrors, scraper mirrors, fast steering and deformable mirrors, windows, acquisition and tracking telescopes, and target illumination systems. Mission safety for future systems may require longer wavelength high-power eye-safe lasers. Multi-purpose capability is realized by combining beam paths for the NIR laser with sensors, trackers or illuminator subsystems. In Phase I a deterministic method will be used to demonstrate a NIR/MWIR dual-band coated mirror with reflectance >99.99%, average MWIR reflectance >95%, low scatter (< 50 ppm), high damage threshold and environmental stability. System engineering will demonstrate the efficacy of the mirrors for candidate Phase II subsystem prototypes. The Principle Investigator successfully designed, manufactured and experimentally validated low emissivity, high reflectance, nuclear survivable VIS/NIR/LWIR seeker coatings on SiC mirrors under MDA Contracts #HQ0006-05-C-7149 and W9113M-07-C-0156, dimensionally stable cryogenic coatings on SiC for MDA STSS Contract HQ0006-09-C-7121, and ultra-low loss anti- reflection and high reflector coatings for the HEL JTO.

AdTech Optics Inc.
18007 Cortney Court
City of Industry, CA 91748
Phone:
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(626) 956-1000
Mariano Troccoli
MDA 09-040      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Power Mid-infrared Quantum Cascade Lasers for BMDS and other applications
Abstract:In Phase I we propose to demonstrate a room temperature continuous wave QC laser at 4.5µm with high power (P>0.5W) and wall plug efficiency (η>5%). The data will be used to design a high performance QC laser with projected wall plug efficiency exceeding 15% in continuous mode operation at room temperature. Our goal is to fabricate, characterize and package the high efficiency lasers in Phase II of the proposed project, and use beam combining methods to increase powers to above 3.5 W by combining six 1W single emitters with an estimated coupling efficiency of 65%. Preliminary sensing experiments, laser frequency modulation studies, and modeling of beam combining will also be carried out in Phase I with currently available lower efficiency lasers. The high efficiency devices will be designed at various possible emission wavelengths, ranging from the MWIR (3-5µm) to the LWIR (8-12µm). Modeling will take care of the three main aspects of efficiency improvement: heat management optimization, optical loss minimization, and electrical power reduction. The final phase I results will lead to a feasibility evaluation for a high power packaged laser with multiple high efficiency emitters combined in one rugged and portable package with estimates of its remote sensing and modulation capabilities.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 713-5230
Paul Leisher
MDA 09-040      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:High Power, Narrow Linewidth 2-micron Diode Laser Sources
Abstract:High power mid-IR amplifiers based on Thulium or Holmium doped fibers typically require a narrow spectral linewidth source to serve as the seed laser. While conventional injection seeding sources (such as DFB diode lasers and rare-earth doped solid-state microchip lasers) are available at 1.5 microns, similar sources which operate at 2.0 microns are not. In order to fill this need, nLight proposes the development of high power, narrow linewidth 2.0 micron diode laser seed sources based on our well-established, wavelength-scalable, industry-leading InP semiconductor laser design. Optical feedback provided by external fiber Bragg gratings serves to narrow the semiconductor linewidth to the appropriate level. These lasers are expected to deliver very high seed power (>250 mW) at 2.0 microns with a spectral linewidth less than 10 MHz. The external feedback approach will allow the linewidth to be easily tailored to meet the individual needs of varying applications, increasing the commercial relevance of the proposed approach. At the end of the proposed Phase 1 effort (and at the request of the MDA), prototype narrow-linewidth 2.0 micron lasers will be packaged, efficiently coupled to single mode fibers, and delivered to the MDA or a recipient of their choosing

Power Photonic
25 Health Sciences Drive, Box 111
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
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(631) 632-1358
David Westerfeld
MDA 09-040      Awarded: 7/5/2010
Title:High Powered Laser Diodes for Pump Sources and other BMDS applications
Abstract:We propose the development of grating coupled surface emitting lasers (GCSELs) based on the GaSb material system. These lasers will operate in the continuous wave mode at temperatures well above room temperature and will offer higher power and efficiency as compared to any current technology. The use of GaSb based materials will insure good thermal stability, high efficiency, and high operating temperatures. These properties are a direct consequence of the effective carrier confinement for both electrons and holes available in this material system. These semiconductor materials developed in Phase I can be used in VICSELs, VECSELs, or GCSELs. Broad area multimode lasers and single spatial mode ridge lasers will be demonstrated in Phase I. We propose developing GCSELs based on these materials with high fill factor in a Phase II effort.

Pranalytica, Inc.
1101 Colorado Avenue
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Phone:
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(310) 458-0808
C. Kumar N. Patel
MDA 09-040      Awarded: 5/3/2010
Title:Bridging the 3 to 4 μm Spectral Gap: High Performance Antimonide-based Quantum Cascade Lasers
Abstract:Our team is proposing to bridge the currently existing spectral gap in laser availability between 3 and 4 μm by developing novel, high performance Sb-based Quantum Cascade Lasers (QCL). Pranalytica, Inc., based in Santa Monica, CA (prime contractor), is a world-leading commercial supplier of high performance traditional QCLs. In Phase I of this effort, we are proposing to develop a U.S.-based source of high quality epitaxial material for Sb-based QCLs, and to generate advanced quantum designs based on the recently developed novel design principles that have already led to world-record QCL performance at 4.6 μm producing 3 W of continuous wave power at room temperature from a single emitter. At the successful completion of Phase I, we will demonstrate Sb-based QCL devices emitting at a wavelengths within this window, operating at thermoelectrically (TE) accessible temperature. These achievements will position Pranalytica to leverage its expertise in QCL processing and packaging in Phase II, and will lead to devices surpassing the state of the art performance of today.