---------- ARMY ----------

64 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
John Cogar
ARMY 10-001      Awarded:  6/23/2010
Title:Innovative Method to Correlate Sub-Scale to Full-Scale Insensitive Munition Tests
Abstract:Comprehensive testing to ascertain IM compliance for energetic systems is time-consuming and expensive. A key to this proposal is the use of high-fidelity physics based modeling and simulation tools to augment the testing programs. Modeling and simulation tools exist that can be used to address the assessment of existing and new propellants, serve as a design tool for reducing sensitivity, and act as a “numerical” test capability for certification against IM requirements. The tools can also be used to evaluate sub-scale screening test for the correlation to full scale testing. In this context, the correlation requires that the sub-scale tests accurately gives insight into the propellants response to IM stimuli at full scale. We propose utilizing modeling simulation to verify the sub-scale tests relevance to full scale response, to identify the critical parameters that affect the results, and identify any flaws that exist with the current testing paradigm. If successful, in Phase I we will identify the underlying physics driving the propellant response. This will lead to either new testing or modifications to existing testing in Phase II.

Symplectic Engineering Corporation
2901 Benvenue Ave.
Berkeley, CA 94705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 528-1251
Shmuel Weissman
ARMY 10-001      Awarded:  7/29/2010
Title:Innovative Method to Correlate Sub-Scale to Full-Scale Insensitive Munition Tests
Abstract:This project has two objectives: bridge the gap between subscale and full-scale insensitive munitions (IM) experiments, and identify an “optimal” set of IM subscale tests. Size, shape, and boundary conditions are critical to the outcome of IM tests. Consequently, subscale experiments are insufficient to determine IM properties of munitions. Full-scale experiments are expensive, and can be performed only late in the development cycle. Thus, developers cannot depend on full-scale tests for design optimization, while subscale tests are insufficient. Consequently, conservative designs are adopted. A physics-based coupled thermal-mechanical-chemical model is proposed to resolve this setback. This model can represent complex geometries, boundary conditions, and mix of materials (e.g., energetic component, and inert structural materials such as liner and casing). The scale gap is bridged in two steps. First, the model is applied to simulate subscale tests. Then, having succeeded in the first step, simulate full-scale experiments. The obtained predictions will be deemed reliable because of the generality of the approach, and the success in simulating subscale tests. Having the model will also permit the undertaking of sensitivity analyses of subscale tests. These studies will enable modifying, or replacing, tests so as to better span the performance envelop experienced by full-scale munitions.

JRM Enterprises, Inc.
150 Riverside Parkway, Suite 209
Fredericksburg, VA 22406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 371-6590
Christopher Fink
ARMY 10-002      Awarded:  6/28/2010
Title:Correlated Radar Clutter Map Creation for Multi-spectral Scene Generation
Abstract:This SBIR affords the opportunity to design a high-speed, spatially correlated, RF clutter map generator that meets the Army’s requirements for testing and evaluating integrated flight simulations at AMRDEC. A successful design will input known terrain height and class maps, model the coupled, coherent interactions of natural and man-made scene scatterers (e.g. sand, gravel, asphalt, concrete, brick, grasses, trees and other foliage, and targets), track polarization components, and ultimately produce radar cross section maps which take into account natural statistical variation while remaining spatially correlated with the input height and class maps. Various techniques will be investigated, including fast Geometry Processing Unit (GPU)-based sampling, Fourier and fractal representations, and superposition of pre-generated bistatic scatter centers, the latter being a technique with which JRM has unique experience. In addition, for increased fidelity, the design will be able to incorporate known empirically-collected parameterizations for various terrain types, including wind-speed-dependence statistics. Metrics for assessing accuracy and performance against empirical databases and legacy non-real-time solutions will be developed and implemented. A clutter map generator of this type would address the above limitations to provide for more tractable stimulation of multispectral seeker models and data fusion algorithms in highly variable, complex background clutter environments.

SIMULATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5021 Bradford Drive Suite 145
HUNTSVILLE, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 955-7288
Annie Saylor
ARMY 10-002      Awarded:  8/12/2010
Title:Techniques for Generating Spatially Correlated Radar Clutter for Multi-spectral Scene Generation
Abstract:We will use our thorough understanding of AMRDEC radar scene generation and SAR processing to study various techniques for generating spatially correlated scenes. The technique(s) that produces the desired SAR scene at the desired update rate will be chosen. This technique(s) will be further developed and specified for use in the AMRDEC common scene generator. It will be marketed to developers of multispectral seekers for use in efficient SAR generation in simulations.

Maxion Technologies, Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 405-8426
John Bradshaw
ARMY 10-003      Awarded:  9/9/2010
Title:Semiconductor Laser-Based Multi-Spectral IR Source Module
Abstract:Maxion Technologies, Inc. proposes to demonstrate a NIR to LWIR simulator test set made up of all-semiconductor diode lasers. The NIR semiconductor diode laser will be a commercial off-the-self laser emitting in the 1.5-2.0 micron range. Two MWIR lasers and two LWIR lasers will be Maxion Quantum Cascade Lasers. All lasers will be temperature and wavelength stabilized and will exhibit a center wavelength stability of less than 0.01 microns and a spectral width of less than 0.1 microns. The output power of each laser will be controllable with at least 8-bits of dynamic range. All lasers will be integtrated into a single test set that will be user controlled from a single microprocessor-based control unit. The architecture of the integration will be such that other semiconductor diode lasers, at other wavelengths if desired, can be added to the test set at later dates. The Phase I option will determine the beam delivery optics and begin the build of the test set.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
ARMY 10-003      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Controllable Spectrum Infrared Source
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 10 W femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser and nonlinear fiber optics, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a reconfigurable all fiber based high power broadband source for missile validation. The fiber laser generates all spectrum from UV to LWIR with capability of controlling the spectrum shape on demand. A tabletop experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame for proof of the concept. A hardware will be delivered in Phase II.

Applied Dynamics International
3800 Stone School Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 973-1300
Clare Savaglio
ARMY 10-004      Awarded:  8/27/2010
Title:Modular, Rapid, Common Hardware-in-the-loop Framework Development
Abstract:Today, typical HWIL simulation computer systems are based on COTS, PC-based computer technology offering a tremendous HWIL simulation computational capability at a very low cost. However, standard PC architectures tend to impose significant system latency in the areas of multi-node communication and system I/O read/write operations. There is strong demand for technology capable of allowing high-speed simulation subsystems to be executed with ultra-low-latency and allowing these very fast subsystems to communicate across ultra- low-latency wideband communication in a distributed manner, with other high-speed subsystems. Increasingly, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology is demonstrating its ability to augment standard PC-based HWIL simulation system capabilities to meet the needs of next generation, ultra-low-latency HWIL simulation applications. Applied Dynamics proposes the development of an FPGA-based Wideband Communication and Simulation Processor device. This device will take the form of a standard form factor computer board (PCI Express I/O board) offering the latest in multi-node, ultra-low-latency, wideband communication and the ability to target fast parts of a simulation in a firmware environment with minimal latency communication between ultra-fast simulation subsystems.

WideBand Corporation
401 W. Grand
Gallatin, MO 64640
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(660) 663-3000
Roger Billings
ARMY 10-004      Awarded:  6/9/2010
Title:Modular, Rapid, Common Hardware-in-the-loop Framework Development
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a multi-node communication network with low latency for use in the hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) test environment. In the HWIL environment, multi-node connectivity latencies ideally would be at or near zero to prevent the masking of properties of equipment and protocols being tested. While ideal from a theoretical point of view, multi-node zero latency connectivity is not practical. As the performance of equipment and protocols being tested improves, the latency of connectivity begins to mask and, in some cases, even distort test results to the extent that meaningful scientific conclusions regarding the items being tested are difficult to achieve. WideBand Low Latency Networking (WLLN) is applicable to HWIL test environments. Port to port latency of less than 20 nanoseconds is achievable resulting in an order of magnitude improvement over state-of-the-art InfiniBand products. The Phase I technical objective of this project is research and develop a low latency, multi-node communication architecture based on the concept of WideBand Low Latency Networking technology.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Christopher Paige
ARMY 10-005      Awarded:  7/20/2010
Title:Novel Propellant Formulations Containing Nano-particulates
Abstract:Minimum signature propellants are listed as hazard class 1.3 explosives that consist of nitrocellulose/nitramine–type propellant compositions. Nano-sized particles can be incorporated into these minimum signature propellant formulations for the purpose of improving the specific impulse, increasing the burn rate and diminishing the propellant sensitivity, due to their size, shape, surface area, high surface–to-volume ratios, chemical structure and functionality. These nano-sized particles contain functionalized reactive sites that can effectively chemically bond and physically bind to the propellant matrix formulation. In this Phase I program, Infoscitex Corporation will incorporate and disperse these functionalized nano-sized particles into minimum signature propellant formulations to improve their physical properties. The propellant physical properties (burn rate and burn rate exponent, specific impulse and sensitivity) will be measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and light microscopy. Upon successful completion of Phase I, the Phase II and Phase III activities will focus on the scale- up, manufacture and commercialization of the minimum signature propellants containing the nano-sized particles.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Benjamin Beck
ARMY 10-005      Awarded:  8/17/2010
Title:Novel Propellant Formulations Containing Nano-particulates
Abstract:Formulating new propellants that have higher burning rates, insensitive munition properties, and enhanced physical characteristics requires novel materials (oxidizers, fuels, or binders) and new methodologies such as nano-technology. The unique properties of nano- particulates, such as high surface area have the potential to enhance the useful properties of propellant mixtures. Nano-particulates typically have disadvantages in processing as they have a strong propensity to agglomerate and can dramatically increase the viscosity of mixing. The chemical compatibility of the nanoparticle with the other elements of the propellant is important for dispersion however the high surface area of the nanoparticles makes using a surfactant or dispersant prohibitive. For minimum signature propellants based on nitrocellulose and other organic/hydrocarbon fuel and/or binders the solution is to use polymer nanoparticles that share similar structural characteristics with the main components. Work by Tuteja et al has shown that polymer nanoparticles in the size range of 5-20 nm can dramatically reduce the viscosity (a non-Einstein like behavior) of polymer blends even at loadings of less than 1 wt%. Luna Innovations will prepare multifunctional polymer nanoparticles that are readily dispersed in nitrocellulose/nitramine based propellant mixtures, and in collaboration with ATK, will characterize the physical and energetic properties of the formulations.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Keith Krasnowski
ARMY 10-006      Awarded:  6/23/2010
Title:Missile Delivered UAV
Abstract:Systima Technologies, Inc. is proposing to develop an end-to-end integrated solution to rapidly deploy an Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) from a missile platform for real time ISR. Specifically, the objectives of the proposed effort are to allow the warfighter to quickly reach out long distances with an ISR platform from within the organic structure of the Infantry Brigade Combat Team. This will provide valuable and timely targeting, situational awareness, and/or damage assessment beyond the reach of currently available IBCT organic assets. The objective of the Phase I effort is to develop an integrated concept for a missile delivered UAV. This work will show how the UAV can be integrated into the available payload section of the missile, be deployed from the missile system at target area, and the available mission profile upon deployment. The Phase I Option will demonstrate the deployment technology in laboratory conditions. Upon completion of the Phase I program the concept will be ready for prototype development and flight drop testing in the Phase II program.

The Sentient Corporation
27757 Cricket Lane
Harvest, AL 35749
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-3810
Kent Key
ARMY 10-006      Awarded:  8/10/2010
Title:Missile Delivered UAV: Extended to Deep Strike Concepts
Abstract:Real-time availability of battle field data can be the difference between eliminating a threat thereby protecting the troops and/or assets or suffering heavy casualties and/or asset losses. It also provides a means to address targets of opportunity related to the ongoing war on terror. For many years the Army has pursued the development of UAVs and munitions that provide battle field assessments and strike capability to aid and identify enemy positions and assets with a means to destroy them. Generally, the ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance) missions have been supported more heavily with UAV assets like Predator (aircraft). The predator is extremely slow compared to a missile and would require reasonably close proximity to a hot zone of interest if real-time intelligence is critical. Missile systems like ATACMS (Army Tactical Missile System) provide increased range, faster response, and strike capability but limited ISR capability as defined by the ATACMS Block II that carries the BAT (Brilliant Anti-Tank) guided submunition. Neither concept fully addresses the desire to support deep strike capability.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
ARMY 10-007      Awarded:  6/23/2010
Title:Coupled Jet-Interaction Base Flow Simulation
Abstract:The program focuses on turbulence modeling enhancements for predicting coupled jet interaction baseflows. Unified kε turbulence model, and varied extensions that provide for scalar fluctutation models (SFM), baroclinic torque effects, realizability constrainst, vorticity/strain non-equilibrium effects, etc. will be systematically evaluated. Complimentary Large Eddy Simulations (LES) and hybrid RANS/LES simulations will provide additional turbulence statistics that are not readily/reliably measured. The LES data will support enhancements to the CRAFT Tech unified k-ε turbulence model. The impact of employing a variable turbulent Prandtl and Schmidt number methodology, based on a two- equation scalar variance framework, will be considered for reacting and non-reacting base flows. The effort will lead to extended validation of enhanced turbulence modeling tools, increased reliability of base drag & heat flux predictions and fills a major gap at the US Army by improving upon base region simulation capabilities required for design of low altitude missiles with surface-mounted, fast-reacting jet thrusters located at the aft-end.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77784
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Naima Bestaoui-Spurr
ARMY 10-008      Awarded:  8/16/2010
Title:Narrow Size Distribution of Spherical Metal Sulfide Nanoparticles
Abstract:The high cost and low mechanical strength of windows and domes that protect the multimode sensors on missiles and maximize their mode of operation have been a concern for a long time for the Department of Defense. Crucial requirements for this application are: a) excellent infrared transmission, b) very good mechanical properties and c) ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions. Multispectral ZnS is well suited for high performance aperture systems that function across abroad wavelength spectrum (0.4 to 12 microns). However, ZnS prepared by chemical vapor deposition lack the mechanical strength and is very costly due to low deposition rates and the use of H2S that requires special safety precautions. A sintered compact powder by hot pressing nanoparticles prepared through an environmentally friendly process will eliminate the use of toxic chemicals and will dramatically decrease the cost of ZnS while improving its mechanical and optical properties. This will require the preparation of ZnS nanoparticles with almost mono- dispersed size distribution and regular morphology. In this Phase I project Lynntech will develop a low temperature, low cost (<$500/kg), environmentally friendly, robust and scalable process to prepare high purity (>99.99%) ZnS and GaS spherical nanoparticles in the 35 nm to 50 nm range.

Texas Biochemicals Inc
2151, Harvey Mitchell Pkwy South STE# 225
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 696-7070
Duraiswamy Ravichandran
ARMY 10-008      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:A Novel Route for the Large Scale production of ZnS nanopowders for Optical Ceramic Applications
Abstract:Multispectral ZnS is a window material for long wave-infrared (LWIR) in the range (0.5-12 microns). The main drawback of ZnS is an insufficient chemical and mechanical strength which leads to optical degradation of the window''s properties. Current processes involve Chemical Vapor Deposition and Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) resulting in high costs, longer heating schedules, and with low yields. Texas Biochemicals Inc, recently developed a novel technology to produce spherical ZnS nanopowders in house. In Phase-I project, Texas Biochemicals Inc., will advance the manufacturing technology for large scale production. This technology is environmentally benign and cost effective, to produce large scale spherical ZnS nanopowders. This nanopowder containing suitable additives will prevent grain growth of the final sintered ZnS product and still retaining high transparency in the 0.5-12 microns region. The resultant sintered product will be highly durable, chemically stable, having twice the order of magnitude in mechanical strength when compared to windows and domes that are currently existing. These multi-mode windows and domes will serve for the next generation of sensors for missiles and surveillance systems. On a follow on Phase-II project this technology will be commercialized by a leading LWIR manufacturer who is very much interested in this technology.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6093
Jane Rempel
ARMY 10-008      Awarded:  6/17/2010
Title:Scalable Continuous Chemical Process for Size Controlled Synthesis of Metal Sulfide Nanopowders
Abstract:TIAX will develop and implement an economical continuous solvathermal process for large scale production of narrowly dispersed pure ZnS nanopowders for use in ceramic IR transparent missile domes. The process will generate large quantities of metal sulfide nanoparticles with minimal degree of polydispersity meeting the Army specifications. This process will be achieved utilizing the TIAX proprietary continuous reactor technology, which allows for precise control over the nanoparticle size and size distribution and can be readily scaled in the manufacturing environment.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 927-4774
Daniel Bancroft
ARMY 10-009      Awarded:  7/9/2010
Title:Automated Data Processing for System-of-Systems Performance Evaluation
Abstract:As the scale, cost, and complexity of Army systems performance tests continue to increase, the need for a streamlined data reduction process becomes critical to making definitive and timely acquisition decisions. Major evaluation efforts produce massive data sets related to system or system-of-systems field effectiveness and utility to the warfighter. The process of analyzing data to generate test reports for decision-maker review is challenged by the volume of data, the geographic distribution of test facilities, and the existence of disparate data formats. Recent advances in automation technologies, as well as maturing infrastructures such as JMETC, present a tantalizing prospect in terms of their potential to augment the traditional data analysis process, thereby reducing the timeline, required manpower, and cost associated with system performance evaluation. This proposal suggests a study be conducted to identify various existing and tailorable knowledge management architectures, automation technologies, and software tools and to appraise them based on integration feasibility into Army processing paradigms and perceived benefit to the test evaluator. Frontier Technology, Inc. will leverage years of experience in designing data architectures and innovative automation technologies for DoD customers to recommend a viable course of action to improving the Army’s operational test data process.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 649-1895
Randolph Jones
ARMY 10-009      Awarded:  7/9/2010
Title:TestFlow
Abstract:As a critical part of the acquisition process, military testing facilities are under pressure to test increasingly complex systems using less time and resources. Modernization and automation efforts are underway, but traditional approaches may fall short especially where time-critical steps are dependent on expert human knowledge. To address these challenges, Soar Technology, Inc. (SoarTech) and its partners, Alion Science and Technology (Alion) and the Institutue for Creative Technologies at the University of Southern California (ICT), propose to design and develop a novel system architecture: TestFlow. The TestFlow architecture will leverage existing Data Abstraction, Business Process Management (BPM) and Cogntive Systems to supplement existing traditional efforts to integrate and automate the the operational test data process.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
ARMY 10-010      Awarded:  7/15/2010
Title:System for Understanding Potential Espionage and Reconnaissance in Network Operations through Visual Analytics (SUPERNOVA)
Abstract:Today, security experts for high-value networks face a pernicious and evolving threat: hundreds to thousands of infected computers that work in coordination to overcome defensive network countermeasures. Distributed Intrusion Detection Systems (DIDS), consisting of connected IDS nodes that communicate to identify threats, are critical for identifying and responding to cyber espionage networks. However, each IDS node produces massive amounts of data that can quickly overwhelm network operators when aggregated in the distributed system. Network operators face an onslaught of data that they must wade through to glean information relevant to their situation. To address the need for helping Army tactical network operators and users to efficiently identify, quickly understand, and respond effectively to network threats, we propose to design and demonstrate a System for Understanding Potential Espionage and Reconnaissance in Network Operations through Visual Analytics (SUPERNOVA). The visualization techniques and role- and device-based information tailoring techniques in SUPERNOVA will combine the perceptual reasoning capabilities provided by sound visual analytic principles with a novel, visual ontology-based solution for tailoring displays to the user. This will reduce the cognitive burden placed on army warfighters, improve their threat detection accuracy, and improve their response time.

Sentar, Inc.
315 Wynn Drive Suite 1
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Andrew Potter
ARMY 10-010      Awarded:  6/29/2010
Title:Real-time Visualization Tool for Distributed Intrusion Detection System Data
Abstract:Current intrusion detection systems are effective for collecting large quantities of event data, but they are inadequate for presenting information to security analysts in a useful way. Typically, to investigate a single problem, an analyst must study reams of data and devote substantial hours to writing complex custom filters; frequently critical data is distributed among multiple logs and available only on remote consoles, requiring access from multiple physical locations. To address this problem, Sentar proposes to develop a real-time visualization system, called Visual Net Defender (VND). VND aggregates, correlates, and presents data from multiple intrusion detection systems and enriches this information with data acquired through passive and active network monitoring. VND uses a multi-tier information architecture rendered in three dimensional space, using iconography based on familiar, recognizable objects, providing details on demand, while eliminating useless noise. Within this rich interactive environment, security conditions can be contextualized in intuitive ways that go beyond signature-based detection or automated correlation, allowing the analyst to integrate macro- and micro-level knowledge seamlessly and rapidly. By enabling systems and humans to do what they do best, VND permits the analyst to maintain an in-depth understanding the situation, resulting in better decision making, and therefore better security.

Mission Critical Solutions
271 Industrial Lane
Alum Bank, PA 15521
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(267) 246-2646
Howard Gilson
ARMY 10-011      Awarded:  7/26/2010
Title:Intelligent Agents for Improved Sensor Deployment and Surveillance
Abstract:The objective of the research conducted under this SBIR effort is to improve the deployment, coordination, and operational effectiveness of sensors, trackers and decision logic components of the Joint Unified Maritime System (JUMPS) by applying artificial intelligence techniques based around in current Intelligent Agent theory. Specific attention will be applied to improving the performance of sensors deployed on alternative energy powered mobile sensor nodes

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1421
Richard Hull
ARMY 10-011      Awarded:  8/11/2010
Title:PERCEPTS: Intelligent Sensor Agents
Abstract:Modus Operandi proposes the development of PERCEPTS, an innovative intelligent agent framework improving sensor deployment and surveillance for military, maritime and force protection operations. A ‘percept’ is the input that a sensor collects or ‘perceives’. Our approach involves making the sensors more responsive to the dynamics of weather, terrain, sensor performance and mission using intelligent agent and semantic technologies, thereby optimizing the sensor percepts delivered for analysis and decision-making to the situation at hand. This capability will significantly reduce operator workload and improve warfighter mission effectiveness for Army programs and initiatives including the Distributed Common Ground System – Army (DCGS-A), the Joint Unified Maritime Protection System (JUMPS) and the Base Expeditionary Targeting and Surveillance Systems-Combined (BETSS-C) system.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Julia Deng
ARMY 10-012      Awarded:  6/30/2010
Title:Security Enhanced Mobile Agent-based Intrusion Detection and Response System for Coordinated Attacks
Abstract:With the rapid increase in connectivity and accessibility of networked information systems, attackers become more and more sophisticated and distributed in nature. Existing intrusion detection approaches are not efficient enough to track down and detect the coordinated attacks. In this proposal, we propose a novel Mobile Agent-based Intrusion Detection System by taking advantages of proactive and collaborative features of both stationary and mobile agents. Our objective is to accurately detect coordinated distributed attacks with the consideration of agent communication security and trust. The key advantages of the proposed system include: 1) By using both stationary and mobile agents, it achieves scalability, bandwidth-efficiency, configurability and upgradeability; 2) Formal methods are used in agent generation, which can reduce the design and implementation errors; 3) Existing intrusion detection mechanisms/algorithms can be easily integrated into our system; and 4) Efficient between-agent communication security and trust management mechanisms will be developed to ensure system reliability and security.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
3 CORPORATE PARK, SUITE 260
IRVINE, CA 92606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-5190
CHIEU NGUYEN
ARMY 10-012      Awarded:  8/24/2010
Title:Multi-Intelligent Agent Framework (MIAF) for Network Intrusion Detection
Abstract:Metronome Software, LLC (Metronome) proposes to apply Metronome’s technology, the Multi Intelligent Agent Framework (MIAF) system. MIAF provide a robust software Intelligent Agent system, into which specific Intrusion Detection System (IDS) post-scan functions are implemented. MIAF also provides reliable and secure communications for collaborations among the Software Agents and Nodes. Architecturally, Multi Intelligent Agent Framework (MIAF) system provides an integrated Intelligent Agent system that can be paired with the “best-of-breed” IDS in order to meet and exceed the Government’s extensive objectives as a complete system.

Altusys Corp
P O Box 1274
Princeton, NJ 08542
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 651-4500
Khushboo Shah
ARMY 10-013      Awarded:  8/24/2010
Title:Intrusion Detection System (IDS) With Automatic Signature Generation for Self Healing Networks
Abstract:This proposal details an ambitious effort to develop Smart Host-Based Intrusion Detection System (SHIDS). The SHIDS supports self-healing, self-monitoring, self-diagnosing, self- hardening, and self-recovering network architecture after corruption by an attack by automatically creating malware fingerprints and alert messages to protect against variants of known threats as well as possible zero day attacks. SHIDS utilizes hooking technique to collect binary behavior at the instruction level without requiring source code change. It employs rule-based, behavior-based, and a combination of both detectors to reliably identify zero-day malware as well as polymorphic worms and generates malware fingerprints. SHIDS includes mechanisms to avoid discovery of the SHIDS by attackers, and responds robustly to attempts to circumvent detection by the SHIDS such as polymorphism, encryption of collected data, hiding exploits in large volumes of system calls, rate variation and randomization of the attack vector. SHIDS responds robustly to the attempts by an attacker to produce ambiguous signatures. Furthermore, SHIDS adaptively adjusts the vigilance level based on the state of host and network health using various state-of-the-art statistical techniques such as fuzzy-matching, classification and clustering. Finally, SHIDS uses hybrid finite state automata to efficiently perform malware fingerprint matching.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Nate Cantelmo
ARMY 10-013      Awarded:  9/1/2010
Title:SharkIDS: A High Performance Self-Healing Protection System
Abstract:With the ongoing involvement of computers in all facets of modern society, both private and public organizations increasingly rely on computer networks to support key portions of their critical infrastructure. Consequently, those networks contain increasingly more sensitive information, making them prime targets for would-be attackers. The goal of a typical intrusion detection system (IDS) is to protect such a network by identifying attempted attacks, alerting administrators of malicious behavior, and defending against known exploits where possible. If a previously unknown exploit is detected, it is often left to the network administrator to manually thwart the attack and protect any uncompromised nodes. Unfortunately, this task can often be tedious and intractable as it may require a deep understanding of the exploited vulnerability and how to correct the underlying system. Pikewerks proposes a high- performance solution capable of detecting and adapting to this increased level of threat. This proposed design will advance state-of-the-art IDS research by developing a fully automated instruction-level host-based intrusion detection system (HIDS) designed to support self- healing, self-hardening network architectures.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Larry Dunst
ARMY 10-014      Awarded:  6/17/2010
Title:Spoofing Network Architectures in Response to Hostile Reconnaissance
Abstract:The DataSoft Network Obfuscation and Virtualized Anti-reconnaissance system (NOVA) detects hostile network reconnaissance and denies access to real network information while simultaneously providing false network information to attackers. This results in attackers expending significantly extra time and effort, allowing defenders additional time to mount an appropriate response. NOVA is a novel distributed system consisting of independent autonomous agents that combine lightweight virtualization, attacker classification, dynamic rerouting for asset protection, and diverse mechanisms for provision of false information to attackers. The NOVA design and architecture documentation along with the preliminary system/software requirements provides a good baseline for developing a fully functioning system. Our Phase I minimal software prototype demonstration proves the feasibility of our core concepts.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
ARMY 10-014      Awarded:  7/15/2010
Title:Method of Intruder Deception Using Simulated Network
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a method to limit the effectiveness of and protect its networks against cyber attacks, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new method of Intruder Deception using Simulated Network (DESNET). DESNET is based on a unique integration of novel TCP/UDP/IP stack protection mechanisms, intelligent intrusion detection and deception mechanisms, and self-learning capability. These innovations enable DESNET to detect and deny existing/new types of cyber attacks and defend network cyber security protection technology. Upon intrusion detection, DESNET redirects intruders to a deception zone and simulated network, providing a cyber analog of a “decoy” used in military campaigns. This provides attackers with false information regarding the real network and provides additional time and information to take appropriate defensive actions. In Phase I, POC will develop DESNET’s conceptual framework and network protection mechanisms in tactical and strategic environment, and demonstrate feasibility through assembly of the prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an advanced prototype to reliably protect wired and wireless networks against network-based multiple reconnaissance efforts/threats. This prototype will demonstrate robustness of the DESNET to a set of unprepared-for attacks and the ability to detect and react to these attacks.

Auriga Measurement Systems LLC
650 Suffolk Street Suite410
Lowell, MA 1854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 441-1117
Mark Royer
ARMY 10-015      Awarded:  6/17/2010
Title:Linearity Improvement of MMIC Power Amplifiers at Reduced Output Power Backoff
Abstract:In modern communication systems, complex waveforms force amplifiers to operate under inefficient conditions in order to achieve the necessary linearity. It is extremely difficult and costly to optimize the design of an amplifier for the best trade-off between linearity and efficiency. Under this program, methods, techniques and tools to reduce the cost and duration of the design effort will be developed. Then, a multi-stage Ka-band power amplifier designed using the methods, techniques and tools will be fabricated and demonstrated to be both more linear and more efficient than present day amplifiers.

CUSTOM MMIC DESIGN SERVICES INC
1 Park Drive Unit 12
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 467-4290
Paul Blount
ARMY 10-015      Awarded:  6/3/2010
Title:Linearity Improvement of MMIC Power Amplifiers at Reduced Output Power Backoff
Abstract:We propose utilizing TriQuint’s developing GaN MMW process to achieve a highly efficient millimeter-wave power amplifier. Our approach is to consider the entire amplifier design flow and to work closely with TriQuint as outlined in their letter of intent towards the optimization of their process. We will start by developing accurate device models using a combination of measurements including S-parameters, DC I-V, and harmonic load pull. Included in the loadpull will not only be power, PAE and linearity, but also the actual OQPSK complex modulation waveform. This will allow us to be as accurate as possible in defining the load required. We will next investigate numerous amplifier topologies against the specifications including a Doherty amplifier with high efficiency at power backoff. Finally, we will perform rigorous thermal analysis to ensure our designs have maximum gain and do not have any long term reliability concerns.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth Falcone
ARMY 10-016      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Multi-Channel Interpolating Up Converter
Abstract:The Army is looking to design, develop, and fabricate a multi-carrier wide band digital In phase and Quadrature phase to composite analog converter. The device accepts digital data and synthesizes and analog Intermediate Frequency (IF) having an instantaneous bandwidth of 1 GHz ranging from 950 to 1950 MHz. The up conversion process must manage signal scaling, to account for adding multiple bands together while meeting spectral mask requirements. The desired performance supports 96 carriers with bandwidths ranging from 64 KSPS to 26 MSPS. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by using our patent pending Arbitrary Waveform Generator (AWG) to interpolate and up convert digital data samples to a higher bandwidth. The algorithms can be verified via demonstration on our existing DSP boards, and ported to a custom DSP board for a full scale full bandwidth demonstration.

Welkin Sciences, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
Blair Sawyer
ARMY 10-016      Awarded:  5/4/2010
Title:Wideband Multi-Carrier Digital Up-Converter
Abstract:Welkin Sciences proposes to design and build the Direct L-band Converter (DLBC), which not only includes the digital up-converter (DUC) function needed by the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) program, but also provides two very important additional capabilities that go beyond the functionality solicited by the SBIR ARMY 10-016 topic description. First, the L-band 950 MHz to 1950 MHz frequency range will be extended to 2000 MHz so that our proposed DLBC design will support both the WIN-T program and the Modernization of Enterprise Terminal (MET) program. Second, our proposed DLBC design will also include a digital down-converter (DDC) function, thereby allowing both directions of digital signal data defined by the fiber optic interface specification to be operational in the first hardware implementation. Therefore, a latter redesign of the DLBC to add the DDC capability (implicitly envisioned by the solicitation) will not be necessary.

Advanced Research Corp.
4459 White Bear Parkway
White Bear Lake, MN 55110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 789-9000
Greg Wagner
ARMY 10-017      Awarded:  9/14/2010
Title:Indium Surface Preparation for Improved Flip-Chip Hybridization
Abstract:For IR sensors, the sensing detector and readout circuitry (ROIC) are commonly joined on a pixel by pixel level in a process referred to as Hybridization. Hybridization requires bonding an ROIC die and a detector die on a pixel level, where the total number of pixels required to bond and form interconnects ranges from 1,000,000 to 16,000,000 individual pixels. The material of choice for Hybridization is Indium, and the properties of Indium and Indium Oxide play an essential and critical role. Indium Oxide, a ceramic semiconducting material forms naturally in ambient air. This process is thermodynamically favored and occurs spontaneously; therefore all Indium material in ambient air will have a natural layer of Indium Oxide. In order to form adequate electrical contacts during Hybridization, this native Indium Oxide needs to be removed and the Indium passivated to prevent oxide growth. The subject of this proposal is to develop such a solution.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
ARMY 10-017      Awarded:  5/11/2010
Title:Innovative Indium Plasma Treatments for Surface Oxide Removal(1001-496)
Abstract:Triton addresses the Army need for next-generation, improved infrared imaging, which will require a surface treatment for removing the surface oxide on indium bump bonds prior to device hybridization. Triton will demonstrate a low-cost, high-throughput system for both removing the indium bump’s native oxide and for depositing a protective layer to prevent re- oxidation of the indium surface. The protective layer will be designed so as to remove itself during the subsequent hybridization process. Due to Triton’s use of inexpensive processing techniques, this technology is readily scaleable to industrial-scale manufacturing.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Matthew Chriss
ARMY 10-018      Awarded:  7/23/2010
Title:In-Vacuo Passivation of High Aspect Ratio HgCdTe Surfaces
Abstract:As HgCdTe technology has evolved, many of the devices used in infrared detector applications have required the creation of high-aspect-ratio morphologies. Therefore, equally important to the creation of these high-aspect-ratio geometries is the ability to subsequently deposit the necessary materials on these surfaces. To ensure ideal device performance, the material deposition must be uniform, conformal and free of pinholes. One of the most critical deposited materials in these infrared devices is the passivation layer. While many types of passivation materials for HgCdTe have been investigated, one of the most common and promising is CdTe. EPIR Technologies proposes the use of the ALD (Atomic Layer Deposition) process to grow CdTe passivation layers. The ALD process represents an optimization of the conventional chemical vapor deposition process. The ALD process will provide a passivation layer conformality improvement over existing deposition methods. Superior film quality also will be possible due to ALD’s ability to encapsulate point defects. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop uniform, conformal, pinhole free CdTe passivation layers required for HgCdTe infrared devices. The feasibility of employing an ALD process to deposit CdTe passivation layers on high-aspect-ratio surfaces will be demonstrated during Phase I.

Vism Corporation
16210 Shadybank Dr.
Dallas, TX 75248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 490-6114
Chang-Feng Wan
ARMY 10-018      Awarded:  3/8/2011
Title:In-Vacuo Passivation of High Aspect Ratio HgCdTe Surfaces
Abstract:We propose an innovative physical vapor deposition process for in vacuo passivation of high aspect ratio HgCdTe surfaces that is capable of conformal coverage of high aspect ratio trench sidewall surfaces. The propose method uses a combination of atomic layer deposition (ALD) and force convection mass transport to circumvent low vapor pressure from low temperature requirement and the associated high stick coefficient of one of the elemental source materials. More importantly, the passivation process and material are essentially the same as a passivation used in production.

Kent Optronics, Inc
40 Corporate Park Drive
Hopewell Junction, NY 12533
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Ben Tang
ARMY 10-019      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Dual Band MWIR and LWIR Switchable Beam Splitter and Filter
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I Proposal, Kent Optronics, Inc (KOI) proposes to develop liquid crystal based fast speed, high efficiency dual band infrared switchable beam splitter and filter for 3rd Generation Forward Looking Infrared (3rd Gen FLIR). The device can be electronically controlled to change from transmissive to reflective in mid-wave infrared [MWIR (3.5 – 5.0 m)] and long wave infrared [LWIR (7.5 – 12.0 m)]. The components are to replace those movable components that change the optical path of each spectral band in the currently developed 3rd Gen FLIR Systems. The technology is based on the electrically switchable liquid crystal that exhibits spectrally selective reflection which current state-of- the-art technologies such as electrochromic are lacking of. The devices are expected to have: - Transmission change from less than 5% to greater than 90% - Reflection change from less than 5% to greater than 90% - Change time less than 2.0 seconds for entire range Phase I is the technology feasibility to prove the capability of meeting the requirements. In Phase II, prototypes will be developed to meet the designed specifications, followed by the Phase III commercialization for commercial applications.

Raydex Technology, Inc.
655 Concord Ave, Unit 704
Cambridge, MA 2138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 763-2711
Jingqun Xi
ARMY 10-019      Awarded:  7/8/2010
Title:Spectrally Tunable Infrared Optical Filters Based on Nano-Structured Materials
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop a technology to enable the fabrication of electronically tunable optical filter, such as beam splitter, in infrared spectrum for incoherent light. Electronically tunable Optical filters, such as beam splitters, are desired in infrared imaging systems, such as night vision thermal imaging system. Such filters can significantly reduce the complexity of the optics in imaging system and help to enable a lightweight, small volume and automated imaging system with significant improved capability. The proposed effort will use low-refractive-index nano-rod thin film materials for tunable optical filter fabrication. The nano scale feature size of the nano-rod has negligible scattering effect and can enable a nano-rod layer a viable optical thin film in multilayer structure. The advantage of the proposed effect is that such nano-rod thin films can enable variety of sophisticated spectrally-tunable optical filters with broad spectrally-tunable range. The intellectual merit mainly lies in technical challenges for nano-structured material fabrication, and the optical filter design by combining the optical property and the nano- structure of the low-refractive-index materials.

Archer OpTx, Inc.
3402 Enterprise Drive
Rowlett, TX 75088
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 463-8001
David Tinch
ARMY 10-020      Awarded:  6/10/2010
Title:“Precision Glass Molding of Diffractive and Asphero-Diffractive Optical Elements”
Abstract:The technology for compression molding of high performance glass aspheric optics (<1 inch diameter) is mature. These molding techniques have driven the cost of small aspheric optics, which were once simply unavailable, down to commodity level pricing. These same molding techniques can be applied to the fabrication of molded diffractive and asphero- diffractive surfaces in optical glass. The molding of diffractive surfaces in optical glass provides some unique molding challenges. In order to address these challenges, four (4) primary tasks have been identified. The first is to evaluate the physical limitations of molding diffractive surfaces in glass. The second is to identify optical glass types that are suitable for fabricating molded diffractive surfaces. The third is to determine the current state of optical design software as it applies to modeling the efficiency of diffractive surfaces. The fourth and final task is to conduct prototype molding experiments of a small diameter (<1” diameter) diffractive surface in optical glass. This task will help verify the results from the first three tasks as well as help identify any process related issues at an early stage. This will allow future work (Phase I option, Phase II) to be highly focused and efficient.

Rochester Precision Optics, LLC
850 John Street
West Henrietta, NY 14586
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 292-5450
Jayson Nelson
ARMY 10-020      Awarded:  7/20/2010
Title:Advanced Molded Glass Lenses
Abstract:There is a critical need for lighter, smaller, and higher performance optical components in many military programs. Glass molding technology can meet these demands through its ability to mass produce complex geometries with high degrees of accuracy and precision. Nearly all future programs that contain optics will benefit greatly if current and future molded technologies are integrated early in the development cycle. RPO is proposing innovative research which will further advance molded optics technology and assist in the reduction of SWaP throughout the optics industry. Rochester Precision Optics (RPO) will demonstrate the advantages of glass molding technology and its importance for current and future government programs, the feasibility of creating novel surfaces such as diffractives by producing tooling and a limited number of samples that possess the desired attributes, and extend molding technology to encompass larger diameters and achieve higher manufacturing yields. We will also research the availability of complimentary manufacturing technologies to identify a path for producing lower cost molded optics with superior surface qualities. Commercialization of this technology is discussed based upon the existing breadth of manufacturing experience at RPO and our ability to quickly add capital resources. This technology is an accurate, highly repeatable, and cost effective means for producing optical elements. Successful Phase I and Phase I Option programs will enable the production of glass molded articles in Phase II that have application with current US Army products. Current Army programs that will benefit from size and weight reduction efforts are Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS), Enhanced Night Vision Goggle (ENVG), Monocular Night Vision Device (MNVD), Aviator’s Night Vision Imaging System (ANVIS), Sniper Night Sight (SNS), Clip-on Sniper Night Sight, Laser Target Locating System (LTLS) Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder (LLDR) and Small Tactical Optical Rifle Mounted (STORM).

SBG Labs Inc.
1288 Hammerwood Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 793-2695
Jonathan Waldern
ARMY 10-021      Awarded:  6/14/2010
Title:Lightweight, Wide Field-Of-View Wave-guided Head-mounted Display
Abstract:The ideal head-mounted display (HMD) would be one that preserves situational awareness by offering a panoramic view of the surroundings with high see-through and provides high- resolution, wide-field-of-view color imagery. For soldier applications, such a system should also be unobtrusive; that is, compact, light-weight, and comfortable, where comfort comes from having an adequate exit pupil, generous eye relief, ergonomic center of mass, and focus at infinity. Conventional refractive optics cannot satisfy this suite of demanding requirements. Even after years of highly competitive development, HMDs exhibit limited field of view and are anything but compact, light-weight, and comfortable. SBG Labs is pleased to announce that it has developed a game-changing solution to waveguide HMDs. Proof of feasibility was recently established with the demonstration of a 60-deg x 10-deg field-of-view device. The design is such that it can be readily extended larger fields of view. Moreover, the design is inherently high resolution and compatible with color, should the latter eventually become a requirement. Currently, the technology is glass based. The goal of this Phase-I proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of transitioning this disruptive technology to plastic, making it lighter weight, more robust and, therefore, more suitable for soldiers in the field.

IRDT Solutions, Inc
21832 Seacrest Lane
Huntington Beach, CA 92646
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 717-6675
Honnavalli Vydyanath
ARMY 10-022      Awarded:  7/2/2010
Title:An Innovative Annealing Apparatus for Mercury-Based, Compound Semiconductors
Abstract:Phase I objective includes completion of the Engineering design of the HgCdTe annealing apparatus and to deliver a sufficiently complete schematic design to the Government for their evaluation. Phase II plan entails building and delivering the annealing apparatus to anneal 3-inch large HgCdTe wafers.

Photronix
35 Sandybrook Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 221-0442
Phil Lamarre
ARMY 10-022      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Innovative Annealing Apparatus for Mercury-Based, Compound Semiconductors
Abstract:Infrared photovoltaic imagers based on HgCdTe are being developed to meet ever more stringent requirements. Anneals are used for reducing the Hg vacancy concentration by annealing at near Hg saturation pressure, for diffusions under a specific Hg vapor pressure, for annealing after ion implants to diffuse the implanted element and for activating implanted dopants. In the most commonly used anneal procedure several wafers are sealed (using a glass-blowing torch) into an evacuated fused quartz ampoule along with a small amount of Hg. The practical problems that occur for wafers over about 5 cm in diameter are first of all that larger quartz ampoules become more difficult to seal under vacuum and the extended sealing time may lead to heating and damaging the wafers. Also, the cost of the quartzware that is destroyed in the process becomes more significant in larger sizes. A new anneal process is required that avoids these problems. The difficulty at first appears to be that Hg vapor must be contained by a seal that is itself at the same temperature as the wafers, in order to prevent Hg vapor from condensing or escaping. This requirement can, however, be avoided by use of our new technology.

SOAL Technologies LLC
10012 S. 86th Ct.
Palos Hills, IL 60465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 301-4054
Jennene Fields
ARMY 10-022      Awarded:  9/8/2010
Title:Innovative Annealing Apparatus for Mercury-Based, Compound Semiconductors
Abstract:Our proposed large wafer re-usable annealing system (RAS) will significantly increase temperature stability, uniformity, and control – increasing the yield of high quality MCT devices. Provided in this proposal is a detailed process for engineering an advanced annealing system, that begins with identifying key annealing parameters. SOAL has been developing RAS for over one year and has a stronger understanding of creating an innovative MCT annealing system than most other companies. Therefore, SOAL is in a unique position to develop RAS with a substantially lower level of risk. We also have several years of experience in designing and fabricating prototypes, thermal modeling and writing software programs. Each of these has been utilized in our preliminary designs, and discussed in this effort. We intend to model thermal variations on a variety of furnace and annealing components, with the goal of gaining invaluable insight to each designs probable performance. RAS was designed to incorporate the proven concepts of Hg annealing into a more stable, controllable, and re-usable Hg annealing system for large MCT wafers.

Advanced Systems & Technologies, Inc
152 E Garry Av.
Santa Ana, CA 92707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 733-3355
Gene Tartakovsky
ARMY 10-023      Awarded:  5/17/2010
Title:Low Latency Infrared Positional Operating Projection (LOLIPOP) system
Abstract:Unmanned air and ground vehicles (UAV and UGV) are critical in all aspects of military strategy including tactical strikes, surveillance, and even facilities management. While vehicle technology has advanced quickly, the weak link is the single-view fixed-sensor user interface. Intuitive head-tracking technology needs to be developed which is un-tethered, low latency, and allows multi-viewer expansion. In response to this need, IS&T proposes the Low Latency Infrared Positional Operating Projection (LOLIPOP) system to provide a highly scalable, yet precise, multi-user area tracking method. The LOLIPOP system consists a series of very high-speed near-infrared (NIR) Deformable Mirror Device (DMD) projectors providing overlapping volumetric views. Each projector is driven with a sequence of binary images which encode the position of each pixel within the sensor image. Each entity is equipped with a set of high-speed IR sensors to receive the pixel position information within the overlapping projection area. These are then relayed to the tracking system which triangulates the 3D position of the view within the operating volume. The low latency projectors may be reprogrammed at high speed while projecting, allowing the patterns and coverage of the projectors to adapt on the fly to occlusion, sensor density and required sampling rate.

PhaseSpace Inc.
1937 A Oak Park Blvd.
Pleasant Hill, CA 94523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 281-7796
Tracy McSheery
ARMY 10-023      Awarded:  9/16/2010
Title:Untethered Real Time Low Cost Head Tracking
Abstract:PhaseSpace will modify existing optical tracking and inertial tracking systems to create a low cost, highly accurate, highly reliable, and real-time untethered head tracking system using a combination of vision, active marker LED and inertial tracking methods. The proposed system combines the high performance of our vision based and LED tracking solutions with inertial tracking methods. PhaseSpace is the industry''s leader in LED tracking with over 15 years experience and through a related Navy SBIR developed an Inertial Measurement Unit with multiple accelerometers, Mems Gyros, magnetometers and an onboard microprocessor with 2.4 gigahertz RF wireless communications. Working with the US Air Force we have developed custom 9 megapixel and 30 megapixel video cameras with advanced image tracking technology. We will use this unique expertise to further develop and optimize our current systems to the specifications and unique requirements of this particular SBIR including limited space and multiple users. A head tracking system which allows users to move freely within changing environments will provide the capability to present the correct sensor imagery from the DAS to the user, thus significantly enhancing utilization of DAS information as well as driving remote sensors and systems with head motion.

ChemImage Biothreat LLC
7301 Penn Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 241-7335
Jeffrey Beckstead
ARMY 10-024      Awarded:  5/28/2010
Title:NightGuard - Real-Time SWIR Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor for Day/Night Operations
Abstract:ChemImage has previously demonstrated the utility of a SWIR sensor for stationary and on the move (OTM) explosive detection, disturbed earth detection and camouflage concealment and detection. ChemImage proposes the combination of a shortwave infrared (SWIR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensor with active illumination sources to allow for both daytime and nighttime operations. We call this sensor “NightGuard”. The illumination source(s) will incorporate IR long pass filters to eliminate any visible light emitted from the source(s) and allow for only IR light to illuminate the scene. The IR light is eye safe and invisible to visible sensors. By incorporating real-time anomaly detection and classification algorithms in the software package associated with the sensor, the system will have the utility to perform autonomous detection of a wide variety of targets.

Surface Optics Corporation
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
David Cavanaugh
ARMY 10-024      Awarded:  5/10/2010
Title:Real-Time Vis-SWIR Multispectral Sensor for Day/Night Operations
Abstract:The 3D camera technology is a recent imaging technology for multispectral imaging, developed recently at Surface Optics Corporation. This camera system is a compact solid- state staring multispectral imager that captures the information required to generate complete multispectral cubes with each focal plane exposure. The number of bands depends on the number of spectral filters used in a mosaic filter array. The program proposed here will develop and analyze an optimized design for a 3D camera operating in the SWIR waveband. This will produce a video rate camera for making real-time SWIR multispectral measurements. The system will use high density InGaAs focal plane arrays that are now in development. Two fore-optics will be designed for the system for wide and narrow fields of view. The system will include an integrated real-time processor for analyzing and displaying results in real time. The proposed program will produce a preliminary design layout and a detailed system performance analysis.

Black Forest Engineering, LLC
12930 Morris Trail
Colorado Springs, CO 80908
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 593-9501
Stephen Gaalema
ARMY 10-025      Awarded:  7/12/2010
Title:Large Format Dual Band FPA ROIC for Low Flux Environments
Abstract:The Dual Band Compact Hyperspectral Imager (DBCHI) delivers high performance, co- registered, simultaneous MWIR & LWIR hyperspectral data from a compact, man-portable sensor. The DBCHI sensor currently employs a dual band focal plane array (FPA) designed to operate in a broadband flux environment. The read out integrated circuit (ROIC) of this FPA uses a direct injection input circuit and is not optimal for the minimum flux levels present in the DBCHI. A redesign of the ROIC optimized for low noise and lower flux environments (~1 µW/cm2 at the detector) will improve performance of the DBCHI and other low background dual-band imaging sensor systems. On Phase I, Black Forest Engineering will design and demonstrate by analysis a low-background dual-band ROIC, and drive electronics compatible with the DBCHI and existing HgCdTe detector arrays that results in improved performance when developed on Phase II. The ROIC will be 640x480 format with 20 µm pixel pitch capable of 60 Hz frame rates with integrate while read, high dynamic range and high injection efficiency.

Infrared Laboratories, Inc.
1808 E. 17th St
Tucson, AZ 85719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 622-7074
Ken Salvestrini
ARMY 10-025      Awarded:  7/22/2010
Title:Large Format Dual Band FPA ROIC for Low Flux Environments
Abstract:Based on our analysis, we believe the biggest technology difficulty will be the pixel layout real estate constraint created by the 20um pixel pitch against the various specification requirements like two color, low flux operation, low noise, high dynamic range, variable gain, integrate while read, etc. To solve this problem, we believe our proposed Amplifier Shared Dual Band CTIA (ASDBC) pixel or the modified Amplifier Shared Dual Band CTIA with Sourced Follower Output (ASDBCSF) pixel should be the appropriate approach to meet the requirements. The multiple-pixel-in-one-unit layout technique should be a good backup when further performance sacrifices for layout tradeoffs are unacceptable. SBIR preferred features, like dark current subtraction, independent column gain control, ADC on-chip, and various operation modes, can all be incorporated into the ASDBC or ASDBC-SFO based ROIC by leveraging our past design experience.

Aegis Technology
12630 G Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
ARMY 10-026      Awarded:  7/8/2010
Title:A Viable Method for Metal Nano-Coating of Graphite Microfibers
Abstract:Presently, there is a pressing need from U.S. Army in developing metal nano-coated graphite microfibers, which will be used for military applications such as infrared threat sensor countermeasures because they are excellent attenuators in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The metal nano-coatings around graphite microfibers are desired to have high electrical conductivity, be with the thickness less than 100 nm, and simultaneously can be produced at a low cost. However, there is not a cost-effective processing method available that is capable of depositing a metal nano-coating meeting the above characteristics. Therefore, in this proposed research program, Aegis technology will: (1) Develop and demonstrate a novel nano-coating method based on electroless nano- coating technique to generate a highly conductive metal nano-layer (less than 100 nm) around graphite microfibers; (2) Identify the underlying technical issues that govern the fabrication and performance of the nano-coating synthesized; and (3) Use this knowledge to design and manufacture such highly conductive metal nano-coatings around graphite microfibers that exhibit the infrared attenuation required by Army. The anticipated technological impact of the proposed research program is the design, development and implementation of a commercially viable nano-coating fabrication method to produce highly conductive metal nano-coating that can be integrated into existing military and industrial applications and lead to numerous new applications as well.

EIC Laboratories, Inc.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Michael Wilson
ARMY 10-026      Awarded:  6/30/2010
Title:A Facile Method for the Large-Scale Production of Metal-coated Graphite Microfibers
Abstract:Theoretical computations have proven that metal coatings will increase the IR attenuation of graphite fibers. We propose a novel highly conformal and scalable process for metallizing carbon fibers in bulk with optimal IR obscurant dimensions. The metal coating will provide complete coverage of the individual fibers, have high electrical conductivity along the entire fiber length, and the coated fibers will have minimal agglomeration. Additionally, the process will be low-cost and suitable for large scale production. A key feature of our technology is that it addresses the problem commonly encountered when preparing nano-scale films on small 3D objects-the formation of incomplete films. In Phase 1, we will demonstrate the feasibility of our process to form continuous films, prepare gram quantities of coated fibers, and determine their IR extinction coefficient and conductivity. In the Phase 1 option, several different metal coats will be prepared and their extinction coefficients experimentally determined and compared. In Phase 2, the methods developed will be scaled up to prepare kg quantities of fibers.

Capco Inc.
1328 Winters Ave.
Grand Junction, CO 81501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 243-8750
Dave Crabb
ARMY 10-027      Awarded:  8/30/2010
Title:Improved Methods of Explosively Disseminating Bi-Spectral Obscurant Materials
Abstract:The technical approach for preventing obscurant agglomeration must be multi-pronged; studying not only particle structure, but also explosive impulse loading, grenade burst pressure and composite geometry. The solution to particle agglomeration reduction and improved obscurant performance will most likely be obtained through small advances in multiple areas. Computer modeling may also be utilized to predict particle scattering, density gradients, and compaction. However, considering the complex nature of modeling randomized elements, Capco has chosen a path primarily focused on Test and Evaluation. Considering the limited funds available for this effort, it is believed that a T&E approach will provide Army Edgewood Chemical and Biological Command (ECBC) with tangible knowledge and test results versus a more theoretical approach favoring simulations.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
ARMY 10-027      Awarded:  9/30/2010
Title:Active coatings for Disseminating Bi-Spectral Obscurant Materials
Abstract:In this program Powdermet will combine controlled particle packing theory, particle interface control through particle coating and improve particle aeration by combining energetic gas formers within the obscurant compact. The end result of the program will be a device that outperforms current burster canisters with existing available obscurant materials and also can be applied to newly developed obscurant materials to improve their performance as well.The key advantage that is being proposed other than anti-binding agents in this proposal is the ability to add a gas-former coating through the obscurant layer filling the space that is typically void. This added active coating will aid in dispersion during the busters operation.

AdValue Photonics Inc
4585 S. Palo Verde, Suite 405
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 790-5468
Shibin Jiang
ARMY 10-028      Awarded:  5/6/2010
Title:Innovative Eye-Safe Wavelength High Power Fiber Laser
Abstract:High power fiber lasers have made significant progress in the last several years. Ten kW of diffraction-limited output power at 1 micron from one single mode fiber has been demonstrated. Department of Defense (DoD) needs 100s of kW for missile defense as well as for protection against rockets, artillery, and mortars (RAM). There is serious concern about current 1 micron fiber laser system potentially causing collateral eye damage due to scatter off of target surfaces. AdValue Photonics proposes to develop an innovative eye-safe single mode fiber laser with output power greater than 5kW using our proprietary glass fibers, and scale up the total power to 100s-kW with good beam quality using an innovative beam combining technique. In Phase I we shall design and fabricate double cladding fiber, demonstrate cladding pumped fiber laser with slope efficiency greater than 80%, demonstrate output power of 100W, and design the proposed 100kW fiber laser system.

Corcoran Engineering, Inc.
48 Knollwood Dr.
Waltham, MA 2453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 894-1168
Christopher Corcoran
ARMY 10-028      Awarded:  5/7/2010
Title:High Power Fiber Laser with Extremely Large Mode Area
Abstract:The proposed project, in partnership with Nufern, will demonstrate the feasibility to scale high power fiber laser at the eyesafe wavelength of 2 microns up to 75-kW power level and beyond. This will be accomplished using an array of extremely large area core by means of a Self-Fourier cavity monolithically attached to the individual fiber laser. In this configuration, the Self-Fourier cavity performs spatial filtering on the operating laser mode of each individual fiber laser as well as that of the array and filters out the unwanted higher order modes of operation; allowing operation of the laser in a single diffraction limited beam and yielding high beam quality output. Demonstration of this technology will further enhance the power capabilities of high-power laser systems if used in conjunction with coherent beam combination currently being demonstrated using a Self-Fourier cavity The Phase I project will experimentally demonstrate the spatial filtering properties of the Self-Fourier cavity used with Tm doped active fibers fabricated by Nufern. The SF cavity will be monolithically attached to the fiber lasers using a proprietary technology recently developed by Corcoran Engineering for the Army SMDC. The results of the Phase I effort will be a demonstration of the performance capabilities of this spatial filtering mechanism, a good understanding of the scaling issues for high power operation, and a design for Phase II prototype. The Phase II effort will demonstrate a diffraction-limited laser source at a power level of more than 200W. Development of this technology will pave the way for high energy laser systems useful for many other military applications including high energy laser weapons as well as the pumps for these systems.

ARC Technology
13076 NW 120th St.
Whitewater, KS 67154
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(316) 799-2763
William Carey
ARMY 10-029      Awarded:  5/12/2010
Title:Novel Compact FCG for DEW Applications
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a new FCG design that reduces energy losses for small package sizes. It addresses the major performance limiting factors associated with small helical FCGs and facilitates driving high output voltage, moderate current loads directly, without the need for a transformer. Applications for this device include single shot, high peak power loads for directed energy applications.

Ktech Corporation
1300 Eubank Blvd. SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 938-4192
Bruce Freeman
ARMY 10-029      Awarded:  5/13/2010
Title:Flux Compression Generators
Abstract:The US Army has programs that require very compact explosive drive power supplies. One such power supply is the Flux Compression Generator (FCG). Flux compression generators convert the chemical energy of explosives into electrical energy by compressing an initial magnetic field. A major advantage of FCGs is that they can be relatively small and can fit into platforms of interest, unlike conventional power supplies such as battery powered Marx generators. Unfortunately, as the size of FCGs decrease , they have higher losses due, in part, to size and tolerance scaling. However, it may be possible to take advantage of this characteristic for higher losses to couple part of the energy that would have been lost out of the flux trapped region into Radio Frequency (RF) energy. For Army platforms of interest, the geometries of interest are ˇÝ1.5 inches (40 mm) in diameter and ˇÝ1 inch (25 mm) in length. We propose to explore innovative ways to convert energy typically lost due to mechanisms such as stator clocking and flux pocketing.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10306 Sausalito Dr
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Alan Wang
ARMY 10-030      Awarded:  5/14/2010
Title:Electromagnetic Attack Detector
Abstract:In this program, Omega Optics proposes to develop a large dynamic range electric field sensor capable of detecting high power electromagnetic pulse. The improvements of the proposed photonic field sensor come from a high speed, highly linear electro-optic (E-O) modulator (spurious free dynamic range (SFDR)>121dB/Hz) based on domain inverted Y- fed directional coupler using advanced E-O polymer materials developed by DARPA MORPH program. The linear modulator with inverted domains, which is developed through a DARPA SBIR program, has an opposite poling direction with respect to each other, and potentially eliminates the nonlinear response of the modulator due to the fact that the higher order spurious signals are cancelled out in each adjacent domain. The bandwidth of the linear modulator can be enhanced to 40GHz because of the velocity match between RF and optical waves. Furthermore, the symmetric waveguide structure of the Y-fed directional coupler will be intrinsically bias-free providing the linear modulator at 3-dB point regardless of the ambient temperature. The specially developed linear modulator, coupled with commercially available optoelectronic components which are evaluated for the proposed photonic field sensor, is expected to reduce the system power consumption by 50% and improve the dynamic range by 20dB when compared with the state-of-the-art commercial photonic sensing technologies using lithium niobate Mach-Zehnder modulator.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth Knowles
ARMY 10-030      Awarded:  5/14/2010
Title:Electromagnetic Attack Detector
Abstract:The primary focus of Phase II is to undertake a disciplined product development of a new low cost, subcompact, bandwidth selectable, wide magnetic/EM spectrum detector technology that has not been previously seen. This program will conclude with affordable and reliable manufacture of such subcompact detectors that can meet Army platform systems electronics integration specifications. The intent is to complete Phase II with an independently verified (Army prime contractor partner certified) TRL 4/5 capability to enable a wide spectrum coverage detection that can be readily inserted into almost any military electronics system electronics.

Busek Co. Inc.
11 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-5565
Jurg Zwahlen
ARMY 10-031      Awarded:  5/7/2010
Title:Ultra-Compact Advanced Micro Pulsed Plasma Thruster for CubeSats
Abstract:Busek Co. Inc. proposes to develop a compact fully integrated primary and ACS propulsion system for CubeSats. The propulsion system will fit into 1/2U and will deliver 100m/s deltaV to a 3U CubeSat. It is based on the on-orbit proven microPPT architecture, which is an electromagnetic thruster that has no moving parts and delivers thrust by accelerating Teflon vapor plasma by Lorentz force. The Teflon is stored as a solid; there are no propellant tanks or valves in the system. Thrust is directly proportional to input power and Isp typically exceeds 800s. The proposed system is a third generation microPPT built by Busek, with each generation having higher wet mass fraction achieved primarily through reduction in the mass and volume of the power processing/ electronics unit (PPU). The dramatic reduction in the PPU mass of the proposed configuration is possible due to a novel and imaginative circuit topology and newly available high voltage semiconductor switches. The Phase 1 goal is a demonstration of the novel PPU architecture and optimization of the stored energy per ablation surface area yielding thruster geometry most suitable for CubeSat applications. The Phase1 Option will include a demonstration of the integrated breadboard system. A TRL-6 flight prototype of the system will be built and delivered in Phase 2.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2313
Jim Nabity
ARMY 10-031      Awarded:  5/11/2010
Title:Solid-Fueled Micro Colloid Thruster for Nanosatellites
Abstract:Most satellite propulsion systems use energetic liquid propellants or compressed gas to produce thrust. While acceptable for the primary payload, they are not favored for secondary payloads, such as a cluster of nanosatellites, due to the substantial risk that they present to the primary payload. Unfortunately, safe and reliable propulsion systems that use solid, chemically inert fuels are not yet available for nanosatellites. Electric propulsion can utilize such a fuel efficiently, but of the many electric propulsion concepts, only the Hall and colloid thrusters can be miniaturized to the micro scale. Therefore, in this project we propose to develop an array of micro colloid thrusters suitable for use on nanosatellites. Each colloid emitter will produce about a microNewton of thrust and we will gang many of them together to provide the thrust level needed to precisely control spacecraft position. It is almost as easy to fabricate an array of thrusters as just one, since we can replicate hundreds of emitters on a single chip using MEMS fabrication processes. Aerojet, the world leading supplier of in- space propulsion systems, will assess our results and work with us to transition the technology into future systems.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Billy Wilson
ARMY 10-032      Awarded:  5/14/2010
Title:Information Security and Trust in a Space Communications Network
Abstract:Even though the issues of security and trust of sensitive information have existed for hundreds of years, the increasing reliance on computer networks to transmit sensitive information has brought these matters to the forefront of information security. The old methods of relying on trusted couriers and sealed envelopes are no longer sufficient for communicating over large networks where the integrity of communication paths cannot be assured. As such, numerous network security systems have been proposed to address these issues, but few have proven either effective or tractable, and fewer still have proven to be both. Leveraging its experience in information security and tamper resistance, Pikewerks proposes to develop an information security and trust system that is effective at preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information and is easy to use and integrate into existing environments, thereby lowering barriers of adoption. This security and trust system will advance the state-of-the-art in secure communication and remote attestation by integrating the two technologies into a semi-automated solution capable of encrypting sensitive information and ensuring trust of remote systems.

Solute, Inc.
4250 Pacific Highway Suite 211
San Diego, CA 92110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 758-9900
Robert Wong
ARMY 10-032      Awarded:  5/19/2010
Title:Information Security and Trust in a Space Communications Network
Abstract:As with any vital military resource, the Army space communications network is clearly a target for adversary forces. The need to securely transfer information and guarantee delivery from the trusted source to the ultimate information user is essential to Army mission success. Army space communications networks currently rely on traditional cryptography schemes. Traditional cryptography (based on computation al difficulty) is inherently vulnerable to advances in processing power and decryption algorithms. Quantum cryptography (based on the physics of quantum mechanics) technology promises proven unconditional data security. Building on current quantum cryptography research, SOLUTE proposes to develop a practical data security system an end-to-end information security and trust for use with Army space communications networks. The SOLUTE technical approach is based on an integration of fiber-based and free-space quantum key distribution (QKD) technologies with a custom QKD management software to provide a seamless user interface with Army space communications networks.