DoD SBIR FY10.1 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Air Force - Army - Navy - CBD - DARPA - DTRA - SOCOM

---------- AF ----------

3 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Crystal Systems, Inc.
27 Congress Street
Salem, MA 01970
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 745-0088
David B. Joyce
AF 10C-001      Awarded: 3/31/2010
Title:Scale-up of the Heat Exchanger Method (HEM) Sapphire Crystal Growth Process for IR Window Applications
Abstract:The increased use of high resolution Infrared (IR) sensors is leading to growth in demand for large aperture, high optical quality sapphire for a variety of DoD programs. Increasing the size of sapphire windows can improve sensor capabilities while at the same time reduce system cost, increase reliability and decrease maintenance issues. Crystal Systems, Inc. (CSI) currently produces 15" diameter, high quality sapphire boules using the Heat Exchanger Method (HEM) of crystal growth. Plates fabricated from these boules supply JSF EOTS windows, THAAD windows, the Lockheed Sniper Pod and other DoD programs. The goal of this program is a production ready sapphire growth process for the manufacture of IR sensor windows for military applications. The Phase I objective is to demonstrate the feasibility (to MRL 4) of scaling the HEM growth process to 25" diameter sapphire to supply these large plates. The deliverable at the end of Phase I is: a manufacturing process development plan with progress and completion performance goals for this scale up. BENEFIT: The successful outcome of this program after Phase II will result in an increased MRL to MRL 7 or above for Crystal Systems’ production process for large high quality sapphire windows for DoD applications such as IR sensor windows and transparent armor. The HEM process produces the highest quality sapphire, and the resulting high yields will produce a robust, cost effective, and reliable supply of windows. Secondary benefits include establishing a second supplier for large 14” x 20” x 0.8” EOTS sapphire windows, and the possibility to produce c-axis blanks. In addition there are numerous commercial applications for sapphire, including LED substrates, endoscope windows, machine vision windows and sight glass windows, wafer carriers, and mechanical applications. Additionally, if unit production costs are reduced as a result of a scale-up for large area sapphire windows, other large area window products will see commercialization and the unit cost of existing commercial products will be reduced.

Rubicon Technology, Inc.
9931 Franklin Avenue
Franklin Park, IL 60131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 457-3440
Jonathan Levine
AF 10C-001      Awarded: 4/7/2010
Title:Optical Grade Sapphire Manufacturing Growth Process for IR Window Applications
Abstract:Sapphire possesses a number of physical properties, including high strength, high melting point, chemical inertness, and excellent transparency in the visible and IR spectrum, which make it an attractive window material for military applications. Until recently, the largest detrimental factor has been the small size of available crystals. However, crystal growth capabilities have advanced to where large, single crystal sapphire windows are now realizable. During Phase I, Rubicon Technology, with their extensive experience in bulk sapphire crystal growth, will investigate the feasibility of producing optical grade sapphire blanks for use as IR windows. Research efforts will focus on designing and demonstrating a horizontal furnace capable of producing sapphire windows with minimum post-processing dimensions of 14” x 20” x 1”. BENEFIT: The ability to provide c-plane sapphire will address new markets where application are currently not serviceable by current sapphire products due to limitations in window size and thickness and/or concerns over strength or optical quality of the material. Some specific target markets include commercial aircraft and commercial shipping which will benefit from the enhanced optical qualities as well as enhanced strength of the c-plane material. In addition, many applications for clear armor currently rely on less effective materials that could be improved by utilizing sapphire windows.

Sapphire Systems Inc.
19A Crosby Drive #10
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-6369
John Outwater
AF 10C-001      Awarded: 3/29/2010
Title:Optical Grade Sapphire Manufacturing Growth Process for IR Window Applications
Abstract:Sapphire Systems Inc. will demonstrate a stable, repeatable process for growing sapphire plates which will finish to windows 14” x 20” x 0.8". In Phase I, plates will be grown in the A-plane and C-plane orientations which are 12.5" x 20" x 7/8". Current production experience suggests that the plates will have clean, clear surfaces, requiring minimal grinding and polishing. One of these A-plane plates will be fully finished and optically characterized to Air Force specifications. Using the data from this work, a plan will be formulated for scaleup to grow optical-quality sapphire plates on a commercial scale which will finish to 14" x 20" x 0.8" and larger. A full production path will be outlined to allow drop-in replacement of the windows for the end user. BENEFIT: Sapphire windows are urgently needed for the Electro-Optical Targeting System for the Joint Strike Fighter. A high-quality, reasonably-priced source will reduce risk for this critical platform. Large sapphire windows are also needed for future Air Force and other DoD platforms. The motivation to replace windows made from costlier, softer materials may be significant as well. There is significant demand for sapphire plate for transparent armor. While this is primarily military at the moment, with better production methods and lower costs, sapphire could become the material of choice for civilian applications as well. It is likely that over the next decade, IR vision systems will become standard on commercial aircraft worldwide. Each of these systems requires a sapphire window. The semiconductor industry, a large user of sapphire windows and hardware, is moving towards 300 mm-diameter wafers. The tools to handle these wafers will require significant quantities of large sapphire windows and plate.

---------- ARMY ----------

64 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
John Cogar
ARMY 10-001      Awarded:  6/23/2010
Title:Innovative Method to Correlate Sub-Scale to Full-Scale Insensitive Munition Tests
Abstract:Comprehensive testing to ascertain IM compliance for energetic systems is time-consuming and expensive. A key to this proposal is the use of high-fidelity physics based modeling and simulation tools to augment the testing programs. Modeling and simulation tools exist that can be used to address the assessment of existing and new propellants, serve as a design tool for reducing sensitivity, and act as a “numerical” test capability for certification against IM requirements. The tools can also be used to evaluate sub-scale screening test for the correlation to full scale testing. In this context, the correlation requires that the sub-scale tests accurately gives insight into the propellants response to IM stimuli at full scale. We propose utilizing modeling simulation to verify the sub-scale tests relevance to full scale response, to identify the critical parameters that affect the results, and identify any flaws that exist with the current testing paradigm. If successful, in Phase I we will identify the underlying physics driving the propellant response. This will lead to either new testing or modifications to existing testing in Phase II.

Symplectic Engineering Corporation
2901 Benvenue Ave.
Berkeley, CA 94705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 528-1251
Shmuel Weissman
ARMY 10-001      Awarded:  7/29/2010
Title:Innovative Method to Correlate Sub-Scale to Full-Scale Insensitive Munition Tests
Abstract:This project has two objectives: bridge the gap between subscale and full-scale insensitive munitions (IM) experiments, and identify an “optimal” set of IM subscale tests. Size, shape, and boundary conditions are critical to the outcome of IM tests. Consequently, subscale experiments are insufficient to determine IM properties of munitions. Full-scale experiments are expensive, and can be performed only late in the development cycle. Thus, developers cannot depend on full-scale tests for design optimization, while subscale tests are insufficient. Consequently, conservative designs are adopted. A physics-based coupled thermal-mechanical-chemical model is proposed to resolve this setback. This model can represent complex geometries, boundary conditions, and mix of materials (e.g., energetic component, and inert structural materials such as liner and casing). The scale gap is bridged in two steps. First, the model is applied to simulate subscale tests. Then, having succeeded in the first step, simulate full-scale experiments. The obtained predictions will be deemed reliable because of the generality of the approach, and the success in simulating subscale tests. Having the model will also permit the undertaking of sensitivity analyses of subscale tests. These studies will enable modifying, or replacing, tests so as to better span the performance envelop experienced by full-scale munitions.

JRM Enterprises, Inc.
150 Riverside Parkway, Suite 209
Fredericksburg, VA 22406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 371-6590
Christopher Fink
ARMY 10-002      Awarded:  6/28/2010
Title:Correlated Radar Clutter Map Creation for Multi-spectral Scene Generation
Abstract:This SBIR affords the opportunity to design a high-speed, spatially correlated, RF clutter map generator that meets the Army’s requirements for testing and evaluating integrated flight simulations at AMRDEC. A successful design will input known terrain height and class maps, model the coupled, coherent interactions of natural and man-made scene scatterers (e.g. sand, gravel, asphalt, concrete, brick, grasses, trees and other foliage, and targets), track polarization components, and ultimately produce radar cross section maps which take into account natural statistical variation while remaining spatially correlated with the input height and class maps. Various techniques will be investigated, including fast Geometry Processing Unit (GPU)-based sampling, Fourier and fractal representations, and superposition of pre-generated bistatic scatter centers, the latter being a technique with which JRM has unique experience. In addition, for increased fidelity, the design will be able to incorporate known empirically-collected parameterizations for various terrain types, including wind-speed-dependence statistics. Metrics for assessing accuracy and performance against empirical databases and legacy non-real-time solutions will be developed and implemented. A clutter map generator of this type would address the above limitations to provide for more tractable stimulation of multispectral seeker models and data fusion algorithms in highly variable, complex background clutter environments.

SIMULATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
5021 Bradford Drive Suite 145
HUNTSVILLE, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 955-7288
Annie Saylor
ARMY 10-002      Awarded:  8/12/2010
Title:Techniques for Generating Spatially Correlated Radar Clutter for Multi-spectral Scene Generation
Abstract:We will use our thorough understanding of AMRDEC radar scene generation and SAR processing to study various techniques for generating spatially correlated scenes. The technique(s) that produces the desired SAR scene at the desired update rate will be chosen. This technique(s) will be further developed and specified for use in the AMRDEC common scene generator. It will be marketed to developers of multispectral seekers for use in efficient SAR generation in simulations.

Maxion Technologies, Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 405-8426
John Bradshaw
ARMY 10-003      Awarded:  9/9/2010
Title:Semiconductor Laser-Based Multi-Spectral IR Source Module
Abstract:Maxion Technologies, Inc. proposes to demonstrate a NIR to LWIR simulator test set made up of all-semiconductor diode lasers. The NIR semiconductor diode laser will be a commercial off-the-self laser emitting in the 1.5-2.0 micron range. Two MWIR lasers and two LWIR lasers will be Maxion Quantum Cascade Lasers. All lasers will be temperature and wavelength stabilized and will exhibit a center wavelength stability of less than 0.01 microns and a spectral width of less than 0.1 microns. The output power of each laser will be controllable with at least 8-bits of dynamic range. All lasers will be integtrated into a single test set that will be user controlled from a single microprocessor-based control unit. The architecture of the integration will be such that other semiconductor diode lasers, at other wavelengths if desired, can be added to the test set at later dates. The Phase I option will determine the beam delivery optics and begin the build of the test set.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
ARMY 10-003      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Controllable Spectrum Infrared Source
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 10 W femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser and nonlinear fiber optics, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a reconfigurable all fiber based high power broadband source for missile validation. The fiber laser generates all spectrum from UV to LWIR with capability of controlling the spectrum shape on demand. A tabletop experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame for proof of the concept. A hardware will be delivered in Phase II.

Applied Dynamics International
3800 Stone School Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 973-1300
Clare Savaglio
ARMY 10-004      Awarded:  8/27/2010
Title:Modular, Rapid, Common Hardware-in-the-loop Framework Development
Abstract:Today, typical HWIL simulation computer systems are based on COTS, PC-based computer technology offering a tremendous HWIL simulation computational capability at a very low cost. However, standard PC architectures tend to impose significant system latency in the areas of multi-node communication and system I/O read/write operations. There is strong demand for technology capable of allowing high-speed simulation subsystems to be executed with ultra-low-latency and allowing these very fast subsystems to communicate across ultra- low-latency wideband communication in a distributed manner, with other high-speed subsystems. Increasingly, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology is demonstrating its ability to augment standard PC-based HWIL simulation system capabilities to meet the needs of next generation, ultra-low-latency HWIL simulation applications. Applied Dynamics proposes the development of an FPGA-based Wideband Communication and Simulation Processor device. This device will take the form of a standard form factor computer board (PCI Express I/O board) offering the latest in multi-node, ultra-low-latency, wideband communication and the ability to target fast parts of a simulation in a firmware environment with minimal latency communication between ultra-fast simulation subsystems.

WideBand Corporation
401 W. Grand
Gallatin, MO 64640
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(660) 663-3000
Roger Billings
ARMY 10-004      Awarded:  6/9/2010
Title:Modular, Rapid, Common Hardware-in-the-loop Framework Development
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a multi-node communication network with low latency for use in the hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) test environment. In the HWIL environment, multi-node connectivity latencies ideally would be at or near zero to prevent the masking of properties of equipment and protocols being tested. While ideal from a theoretical point of view, multi-node zero latency connectivity is not practical. As the performance of equipment and protocols being tested improves, the latency of connectivity begins to mask and, in some cases, even distort test results to the extent that meaningful scientific conclusions regarding the items being tested are difficult to achieve. WideBand Low Latency Networking (WLLN) is applicable to HWIL test environments. Port to port latency of less than 20 nanoseconds is achievable resulting in an order of magnitude improvement over state-of-the-art InfiniBand products. The Phase I technical objective of this project is research and develop a low latency, multi-node communication architecture based on the concept of WideBand Low Latency Networking technology.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Christopher Paige
ARMY 10-005      Awarded:  7/20/2010
Title:Novel Propellant Formulations Containing Nano-particulates
Abstract:Minimum signature propellants are listed as hazard class 1.3 explosives that consist of nitrocellulose/nitramine–type propellant compositions. Nano-sized particles can be incorporated into these minimum signature propellant formulations for the purpose of improving the specific impulse, increasing the burn rate and diminishing the propellant sensitivity, due to their size, shape, surface area, high surface–to-volume ratios, chemical structure and functionality. These nano-sized particles contain functionalized reactive sites that can effectively chemically bond and physically bind to the propellant matrix formulation. In this Phase I program, Infoscitex Corporation will incorporate and disperse these functionalized nano-sized particles into minimum signature propellant formulations to improve their physical properties. The propellant physical properties (burn rate and burn rate exponent, specific impulse and sensitivity) will be measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and light microscopy. Upon successful completion of Phase I, the Phase II and Phase III activities will focus on the scale- up, manufacture and commercialization of the minimum signature propellants containing the nano-sized particles.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Benjamin Beck
ARMY 10-005      Awarded:  8/17/2010
Title:Novel Propellant Formulations Containing Nano-particulates
Abstract:Formulating new propellants that have higher burning rates, insensitive munition properties, and enhanced physical characteristics requires novel materials (oxidizers, fuels, or binders) and new methodologies such as nano-technology. The unique properties of nano- particulates, such as high surface area have the potential to enhance the useful properties of propellant mixtures. Nano-particulates typically have disadvantages in processing as they have a strong propensity to agglomerate and can dramatically increase the viscosity of mixing. The chemical compatibility of the nanoparticle with the other elements of the propellant is important for dispersion however the high surface area of the nanoparticles makes using a surfactant or dispersant prohibitive. For minimum signature propellants based on nitrocellulose and other organic/hydrocarbon fuel and/or binders the solution is to use polymer nanoparticles that share similar structural characteristics with the main components. Work by Tuteja et al has shown that polymer nanoparticles in the size range of 5-20 nm can dramatically reduce the viscosity (a non-Einstein like behavior) of polymer blends even at loadings of less than 1 wt%. Luna Innovations will prepare multifunctional polymer nanoparticles that are readily dispersed in nitrocellulose/nitramine based propellant mixtures, and in collaboration with ATK, will characterize the physical and energetic properties of the formulations.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Keith Krasnowski
ARMY 10-006      Awarded:  6/23/2010
Title:Missile Delivered UAV
Abstract:Systima Technologies, Inc. is proposing to develop an end-to-end integrated solution to rapidly deploy an Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) from a missile platform for real time ISR. Specifically, the objectives of the proposed effort are to allow the warfighter to quickly reach out long distances with an ISR platform from within the organic structure of the Infantry Brigade Combat Team. This will provide valuable and timely targeting, situational awareness, and/or damage assessment beyond the reach of currently available IBCT organic assets. The objective of the Phase I effort is to develop an integrated concept for a missile delivered UAV. This work will show how the UAV can be integrated into the available payload section of the missile, be deployed from the missile system at target area, and the available mission profile upon deployment. The Phase I Option will demonstrate the deployment technology in laboratory conditions. Upon completion of the Phase I program the concept will be ready for prototype development and flight drop testing in the Phase II program.

The Sentient Corporation
27757 Cricket Lane
Harvest, AL 35749
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-3810
Kent Key
ARMY 10-006      Awarded:  8/10/2010
Title:Missile Delivered UAV: Extended to Deep Strike Concepts
Abstract:Real-time availability of battle field data can be the difference between eliminating a threat thereby protecting the troops and/or assets or suffering heavy casualties and/or asset losses. It also provides a means to address targets of opportunity related to the ongoing war on terror. For many years the Army has pursued the development of UAVs and munitions that provide battle field assessments and strike capability to aid and identify enemy positions and assets with a means to destroy them. Generally, the ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance) missions have been supported more heavily with UAV assets like Predator (aircraft). The predator is extremely slow compared to a missile and would require reasonably close proximity to a hot zone of interest if real-time intelligence is critical. Missile systems like ATACMS (Army Tactical Missile System) provide increased range, faster response, and strike capability but limited ISR capability as defined by the ATACMS Block II that carries the BAT (Brilliant Anti-Tank) guided submunition. Neither concept fully addresses the desire to support deep strike capability.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
ARMY 10-007      Awarded:  6/23/2010
Title:Coupled Jet-Interaction Base Flow Simulation
Abstract:The program focuses on turbulence modeling enhancements for predicting coupled jet interaction baseflows. Unified kε turbulence model, and varied extensions that provide for scalar fluctutation models (SFM), baroclinic torque effects, realizability constrainst, vorticity/strain non-equilibrium effects, etc. will be systematically evaluated. Complimentary Large Eddy Simulations (LES) and hybrid RANS/LES simulations will provide additional turbulence statistics that are not readily/reliably measured. The LES data will support enhancements to the CRAFT Tech unified k-ε turbulence model. The impact of employing a variable turbulent Prandtl and Schmidt number methodology, based on a two- equation scalar variance framework, will be considered for reacting and non-reacting base flows. The effort will lead to extended validation of enhanced turbulence modeling tools, increased reliability of base drag & heat flux predictions and fills a major gap at the US Army by improving upon base region simulation capabilities required for design of low altitude missiles with surface-mounted, fast-reacting jet thrusters located at the aft-end.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77784
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Naima Bestaoui-Spurr
ARMY 10-008      Awarded:  8/16/2010
Title:Narrow Size Distribution of Spherical Metal Sulfide Nanoparticles
Abstract:The high cost and low mechanical strength of windows and domes that protect the multimode sensors on missiles and maximize their mode of operation have been a concern for a long time for the Department of Defense. Crucial requirements for this application are: a) excellent infrared transmission, b) very good mechanical properties and c) ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions. Multispectral ZnS is well suited for high performance aperture systems that function across abroad wavelength spectrum (0.4 to 12 microns). However, ZnS prepared by chemical vapor deposition lack the mechanical strength and is very costly due to low deposition rates and the use of H2S that requires special safety precautions. A sintered compact powder by hot pressing nanoparticles prepared through an environmentally friendly process will eliminate the use of toxic chemicals and will dramatically decrease the cost of ZnS while improving its mechanical and optical properties. This will require the preparation of ZnS nanoparticles with almost mono- dispersed size distribution and regular morphology. In this Phase I project Lynntech will develop a low temperature, low cost (<$500/kg), environmentally friendly, robust and scalable process to prepare high purity (>99.99%) ZnS and GaS spherical nanoparticles in the 35 nm to 50 nm range.

Texas Biochemicals Inc
2151, Harvey Mitchell Pkwy South STE# 225
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 696-7070
Duraiswamy Ravichandran
ARMY 10-008      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:A Novel Route for the Large Scale production of ZnS nanopowders for Optical Ceramic Applications
Abstract:Multispectral ZnS is a window material for long wave-infrared (LWIR) in the range (0.5-12 microns). The main drawback of ZnS is an insufficient chemical and mechanical strength which leads to optical degradation of the window''s properties. Current processes involve Chemical Vapor Deposition and Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) resulting in high costs, longer heating schedules, and with low yields. Texas Biochemicals Inc, recently developed a novel technology to produce spherical ZnS nanopowders in house. In Phase-I project, Texas Biochemicals Inc., will advance the manufacturing technology for large scale production. This technology is environmentally benign and cost effective, to produce large scale spherical ZnS nanopowders. This nanopowder containing suitable additives will prevent grain growth of the final sintered ZnS product and still retaining high transparency in the 0.5-12 microns region. The resultant sintered product will be highly durable, chemically stable, having twice the order of magnitude in mechanical strength when compared to windows and domes that are currently existing. These multi-mode windows and domes will serve for the next generation of sensors for missiles and surveillance systems. On a follow on Phase-II project this technology will be commercialized by a leading LWIR manufacturer who is very much interested in this technology.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-6093
Jane Rempel
ARMY 10-008      Awarded:  6/17/2010
Title:Scalable Continuous Chemical Process for Size Controlled Synthesis of Metal Sulfide Nanopowders
Abstract:TIAX will develop and implement an economical continuous solvathermal process for large scale production of narrowly dispersed pure ZnS nanopowders for use in ceramic IR transparent missile domes. The process will generate large quantities of metal sulfide nanoparticles with minimal degree of polydispersity meeting the Army specifications. This process will be achieved utilizing the TIAX proprietary continuous reactor technology, which allows for precise control over the nanoparticle size and size distribution and can be readily scaled in the manufacturing environment.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 927-4774
Daniel Bancroft
ARMY 10-009      Awarded:  7/9/2010
Title:Automated Data Processing for System-of-Systems Performance Evaluation
Abstract:As the scale, cost, and complexity of Army systems performance tests continue to increase, the need for a streamlined data reduction process becomes critical to making definitive and timely acquisition decisions. Major evaluation efforts produce massive data sets related to system or system-of-systems field effectiveness and utility to the warfighter. The process of analyzing data to generate test reports for decision-maker review is challenged by the volume of data, the geographic distribution of test facilities, and the existence of disparate data formats. Recent advances in automation technologies, as well as maturing infrastructures such as JMETC, present a tantalizing prospect in terms of their potential to augment the traditional data analysis process, thereby reducing the timeline, required manpower, and cost associated with system performance evaluation. This proposal suggests a study be conducted to identify various existing and tailorable knowledge management architectures, automation technologies, and software tools and to appraise them based on integration feasibility into Army processing paradigms and perceived benefit to the test evaluator. Frontier Technology, Inc. will leverage years of experience in designing data architectures and innovative automation technologies for DoD customers to recommend a viable course of action to improving the Army’s operational test data process.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 649-1895
Randolph Jones
ARMY 10-009      Awarded:  7/9/2010
Title:TestFlow
Abstract:As a critical part of the acquisition process, military testing facilities are under pressure to test increasingly complex systems using less time and resources. Modernization and automation efforts are underway, but traditional approaches may fall short especially where time-critical steps are dependent on expert human knowledge. To address these challenges, Soar Technology, Inc. (SoarTech) and its partners, Alion Science and Technology (Alion) and the Institutue for Creative Technologies at the University of Southern California (ICT), propose to design and develop a novel system architecture: TestFlow. The TestFlow architecture will leverage existing Data Abstraction, Business Process Management (BPM) and Cogntive Systems to supplement existing traditional efforts to integrate and automate the the operational test data process.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
ARMY 10-010      Awarded:  7/15/2010
Title:System for Understanding Potential Espionage and Reconnaissance in Network Operations through Visual Analytics (SUPERNOVA)
Abstract:Today, security experts for high-value networks face a pernicious and evolving threat: hundreds to thousands of infected computers that work in coordination to overcome defensive network countermeasures. Distributed Intrusion Detection Systems (DIDS), consisting of connected IDS nodes that communicate to identify threats, are critical for identifying and responding to cyber espionage networks. However, each IDS node produces massive amounts of data that can quickly overwhelm network operators when aggregated in the distributed system. Network operators face an onslaught of data that they must wade through to glean information relevant to their situation. To address the need for helping Army tactical network operators and users to efficiently identify, quickly understand, and respond effectively to network threats, we propose to design and demonstrate a System for Understanding Potential Espionage and Reconnaissance in Network Operations through Visual Analytics (SUPERNOVA). The visualization techniques and role- and device-based information tailoring techniques in SUPERNOVA will combine the perceptual reasoning capabilities provided by sound visual analytic principles with a novel, visual ontology-based solution for tailoring displays to the user. This will reduce the cognitive burden placed on army warfighters, improve their threat detection accuracy, and improve their response time.

Sentar, Inc.
315 Wynn Drive Suite 1
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Andrew Potter
ARMY 10-010      Awarded:  6/29/2010
Title:Real-time Visualization Tool for Distributed Intrusion Detection System Data
Abstract:Current intrusion detection systems are effective for collecting large quantities of event data, but they are inadequate for presenting information to security analysts in a useful way. Typically, to investigate a single problem, an analyst must study reams of data and devote substantial hours to writing complex custom filters; frequently critical data is distributed among multiple logs and available only on remote consoles, requiring access from multiple physical locations. To address this problem, Sentar proposes to develop a real-time visualization system, called Visual Net Defender (VND). VND aggregates, correlates, and presents data from multiple intrusion detection systems and enriches this information with data acquired through passive and active network monitoring. VND uses a multi-tier information architecture rendered in three dimensional space, using iconography based on familiar, recognizable objects, providing details on demand, while eliminating useless noise. Within this rich interactive environment, security conditions can be contextualized in intuitive ways that go beyond signature-based detection or automated correlation, allowing the analyst to integrate macro- and micro-level knowledge seamlessly and rapidly. By enabling systems and humans to do what they do best, VND permits the analyst to maintain an in-depth understanding the situation, resulting in better decision making, and therefore better security.

Mission Critical Solutions
271 Industrial Lane
Alum Bank, PA 15521
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(267) 246-2646
Howard Gilson
ARMY 10-011      Awarded:  7/26/2010
Title:Intelligent Agents for Improved Sensor Deployment and Surveillance
Abstract:The objective of the research conducted under this SBIR effort is to improve the deployment, coordination, and operational effectiveness of sensors, trackers and decision logic components of the Joint Unified Maritime System (JUMPS) by applying artificial intelligence techniques based around in current Intelligent Agent theory. Specific attention will be applied to improving the performance of sensors deployed on alternative energy powered mobile sensor nodes

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1421
Richard Hull
ARMY 10-011      Awarded:  8/11/2010
Title:PERCEPTS: Intelligent Sensor Agents
Abstract:Modus Operandi proposes the development of PERCEPTS, an innovative intelligent agent framework improving sensor deployment and surveillance for military, maritime and force protection operations. A ‘percept’ is the input that a sensor collects or ‘perceives’. Our approach involves making the sensors more responsive to the dynamics of weather, terrain, sensor performance and mission using intelligent agent and semantic technologies, thereby optimizing the sensor percepts delivered for analysis and decision-making to the situation at hand. This capability will significantly reduce operator workload and improve warfighter mission effectiveness for Army programs and initiatives including the Distributed Common Ground System – Army (DCGS-A), the Joint Unified Maritime Protection System (JUMPS) and the Base Expeditionary Targeting and Surveillance Systems-Combined (BETSS-C) system.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Julia Deng
ARMY 10-012      Awarded:  6/30/2010
Title:Security Enhanced Mobile Agent-based Intrusion Detection and Response System for Coordinated Attacks
Abstract:With the rapid increase in connectivity and accessibility of networked information systems, attackers become more and more sophisticated and distributed in nature. Existing intrusion detection approaches are not efficient enough to track down and detect the coordinated attacks. In this proposal, we propose a novel Mobile Agent-based Intrusion Detection System by taking advantages of proactive and collaborative features of both stationary and mobile agents. Our objective is to accurately detect coordinated distributed attacks with the consideration of agent communication security and trust. The key advantages of the proposed system include: 1) By using both stationary and mobile agents, it achieves scalability, bandwidth-efficiency, configurability and upgradeability; 2) Formal methods are used in agent generation, which can reduce the design and implementation errors; 3) Existing intrusion detection mechanisms/algorithms can be easily integrated into our system; and 4) Efficient between-agent communication security and trust management mechanisms will be developed to ensure system reliability and security.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
3 CORPORATE PARK, SUITE 260
IRVINE, CA 92606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-5190
CHIEU NGUYEN
ARMY 10-012      Awarded:  8/24/2010
Title:Multi-Intelligent Agent Framework (MIAF) for Network Intrusion Detection
Abstract:Metronome Software, LLC (Metronome) proposes to apply Metronome’s technology, the Multi Intelligent Agent Framework (MIAF) system. MIAF provide a robust software Intelligent Agent system, into which specific Intrusion Detection System (IDS) post-scan functions are implemented. MIAF also provides reliable and secure communications for collaborations among the Software Agents and Nodes. Architecturally, Multi Intelligent Agent Framework (MIAF) system provides an integrated Intelligent Agent system that can be paired with the “best-of-breed” IDS in order to meet and exceed the Government’s extensive objectives as a complete system.

Altusys Corp
P O Box 1274
Princeton, NJ 08542
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 651-4500
Khushboo Shah
ARMY 10-013      Awarded:  8/24/2010
Title:Intrusion Detection System (IDS) With Automatic Signature Generation for Self Healing Networks
Abstract:This proposal details an ambitious effort to develop Smart Host-Based Intrusion Detection System (SHIDS). The SHIDS supports self-healing, self-monitoring, self-diagnosing, self- hardening, and self-recovering network architecture after corruption by an attack by automatically creating malware fingerprints and alert messages to protect against variants of known threats as well as possible zero day attacks. SHIDS utilizes hooking technique to collect binary behavior at the instruction level without requiring source code change. It employs rule-based, behavior-based, and a combination of both detectors to reliably identify zero-day malware as well as polymorphic worms and generates malware fingerprints. SHIDS includes mechanisms to avoid discovery of the SHIDS by attackers, and responds robustly to attempts to circumvent detection by the SHIDS such as polymorphism, encryption of collected data, hiding exploits in large volumes of system calls, rate variation and randomization of the attack vector. SHIDS responds robustly to the attempts by an attacker to produce ambiguous signatures. Furthermore, SHIDS adaptively adjusts the vigilance level based on the state of host and network health using various state-of-the-art statistical techniques such as fuzzy-matching, classification and clustering. Finally, SHIDS uses hybrid finite state automata to efficiently perform malware fingerprint matching.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Nate Cantelmo
ARMY 10-013      Awarded:  9/1/2010
Title:SharkIDS: A High Performance Self-Healing Protection System
Abstract:With the ongoing involvement of computers in all facets of modern society, both private and public organizations increasingly rely on computer networks to support key portions of their critical infrastructure. Consequently, those networks contain increasingly more sensitive information, making them prime targets for would-be attackers. The goal of a typical intrusion detection system (IDS) is to protect such a network by identifying attempted attacks, alerting administrators of malicious behavior, and defending against known exploits where possible. If a previously unknown exploit is detected, it is often left to the network administrator to manually thwart the attack and protect any uncompromised nodes. Unfortunately, this task can often be tedious and intractable as it may require a deep understanding of the exploited vulnerability and how to correct the underlying system. Pikewerks proposes a high- performance solution capable of detecting and adapting to this increased level of threat. This proposed design will advance state-of-the-art IDS research by developing a fully automated instruction-level host-based intrusion detection system (HIDS) designed to support self- healing, self-hardening network architectures.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Larry Dunst
ARMY 10-014      Awarded:  6/17/2010
Title:Spoofing Network Architectures in Response to Hostile Reconnaissance
Abstract:The DataSoft Network Obfuscation and Virtualized Anti-reconnaissance system (NOVA) detects hostile network reconnaissance and denies access to real network information while simultaneously providing false network information to attackers. This results in attackers expending significantly extra time and effort, allowing defenders additional time to mount an appropriate response. NOVA is a novel distributed system consisting of independent autonomous agents that combine lightweight virtualization, attacker classification, dynamic rerouting for asset protection, and diverse mechanisms for provision of false information to attackers. The NOVA design and architecture documentation along with the preliminary system/software requirements provides a good baseline for developing a fully functioning system. Our Phase I minimal software prototype demonstration proves the feasibility of our core concepts.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
ARMY 10-014      Awarded:  7/15/2010
Title:Method of Intruder Deception Using Simulated Network
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a method to limit the effectiveness of and protect its networks against cyber attacks, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new method of Intruder Deception using Simulated Network (DESNET). DESNET is based on a unique integration of novel TCP/UDP/IP stack protection mechanisms, intelligent intrusion detection and deception mechanisms, and self-learning capability. These innovations enable DESNET to detect and deny existing/new types of cyber attacks and defend network cyber security protection technology. Upon intrusion detection, DESNET redirects intruders to a deception zone and simulated network, providing a cyber analog of a “decoy” used in military campaigns. This provides attackers with false information regarding the real network and provides additional time and information to take appropriate defensive actions. In Phase I, POC will develop DESNET’s conceptual framework and network protection mechanisms in tactical and strategic environment, and demonstrate feasibility through assembly of the prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an advanced prototype to reliably protect wired and wireless networks against network-based multiple reconnaissance efforts/threats. This prototype will demonstrate robustness of the DESNET to a set of unprepared-for attacks and the ability to detect and react to these attacks.

Auriga Measurement Systems LLC
650 Suffolk Street Suite410
Lowell, MA 1854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 441-1117
Mark Royer
ARMY 10-015      Awarded:  6/17/2010
Title:Linearity Improvement of MMIC Power Amplifiers at Reduced Output Power Backoff
Abstract:In modern communication systems, complex waveforms force amplifiers to operate under inefficient conditions in order to achieve the necessary linearity. It is extremely difficult and costly to optimize the design of an amplifier for the best trade-off between linearity and efficiency. Under this program, methods, techniques and tools to reduce the cost and duration of the design effort will be developed. Then, a multi-stage Ka-band power amplifier designed using the methods, techniques and tools will be fabricated and demonstrated to be both more linear and more efficient than present day amplifiers.

CUSTOM MMIC DESIGN SERVICES INC
1 Park Drive Unit 12
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 467-4290
Paul Blount
ARMY 10-015      Awarded:  6/3/2010
Title:Linearity Improvement of MMIC Power Amplifiers at Reduced Output Power Backoff
Abstract:We propose utilizing TriQuint’s developing GaN MMW process to achieve a highly efficient millimeter-wave power amplifier. Our approach is to consider the entire amplifier design flow and to work closely with TriQuint as outlined in their letter of intent towards the optimization of their process. We will start by developing accurate device models using a combination of measurements including S-parameters, DC I-V, and harmonic load pull. Included in the loadpull will not only be power, PAE and linearity, but also the actual OQPSK complex modulation waveform. This will allow us to be as accurate as possible in defining the load required. We will next investigate numerous amplifier topologies against the specifications including a Doherty amplifier with high efficiency at power backoff. Finally, we will perform rigorous thermal analysis to ensure our designs have maximum gain and do not have any long term reliability concerns.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth Falcone
ARMY 10-016      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Multi-Channel Interpolating Up Converter
Abstract:The Army is looking to design, develop, and fabricate a multi-carrier wide band digital In phase and Quadrature phase to composite analog converter. The device accepts digital data and synthesizes and analog Intermediate Frequency (IF) having an instantaneous bandwidth of 1 GHz ranging from 950 to 1950 MHz. The up conversion process must manage signal scaling, to account for adding multiple bands together while meeting spectral mask requirements. The desired performance supports 96 carriers with bandwidths ranging from 64 KSPS to 26 MSPS. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by using our patent pending Arbitrary Waveform Generator (AWG) to interpolate and up convert digital data samples to a higher bandwidth. The algorithms can be verified via demonstration on our existing DSP boards, and ported to a custom DSP board for a full scale full bandwidth demonstration.

Welkin Sciences, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
Blair Sawyer
ARMY 10-016      Awarded:  5/4/2010
Title:Wideband Multi-Carrier Digital Up-Converter
Abstract:Welkin Sciences proposes to design and build the Direct L-band Converter (DLBC), which not only includes the digital up-converter (DUC) function needed by the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) program, but also provides two very important additional capabilities that go beyond the functionality solicited by the SBIR ARMY 10-016 topic description. First, the L-band 950 MHz to 1950 MHz frequency range will be extended to 2000 MHz so that our proposed DLBC design will support both the WIN-T program and the Modernization of Enterprise Terminal (MET) program. Second, our proposed DLBC design will also include a digital down-converter (DDC) function, thereby allowing both directions of digital signal data defined by the fiber optic interface specification to be operational in the first hardware implementation. Therefore, a latter redesign of the DLBC to add the DDC capability (implicitly envisioned by the solicitation) will not be necessary.

Advanced Research Corp.
4459 White Bear Parkway
White Bear Lake, MN 55110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 789-9000
Greg Wagner
ARMY 10-017      Awarded:  9/14/2010
Title:Indium Surface Preparation for Improved Flip-Chip Hybridization
Abstract:For IR sensors, the sensing detector and readout circuitry (ROIC) are commonly joined on a pixel by pixel level in a process referred to as Hybridization. Hybridization requires bonding an ROIC die and a detector die on a pixel level, where the total number of pixels required to bond and form interconnects ranges from 1,000,000 to 16,000,000 individual pixels. The material of choice for Hybridization is Indium, and the properties of Indium and Indium Oxide play an essential and critical role. Indium Oxide, a ceramic semiconducting material forms naturally in ambient air. This process is thermodynamically favored and occurs spontaneously; therefore all Indium material in ambient air will have a natural layer of Indium Oxide. In order to form adequate electrical contacts during Hybridization, this native Indium Oxide needs to be removed and the Indium passivated to prevent oxide growth. The subject of this proposal is to develop such a solution.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
ARMY 10-017      Awarded:  5/11/2010
Title:Innovative Indium Plasma Treatments for Surface Oxide Removal(1001-496)
Abstract:Triton addresses the Army need for next-generation, improved infrared imaging, which will require a surface treatment for removing the surface oxide on indium bump bonds prior to device hybridization. Triton will demonstrate a low-cost, high-throughput system for both removing the indium bump’s native oxide and for depositing a protective layer to prevent re- oxidation of the indium surface. The protective layer will be designed so as to remove itself during the subsequent hybridization process. Due to Triton’s use of inexpensive processing techniques, this technology is readily scaleable to industrial-scale manufacturing.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Matthew Chriss
ARMY 10-018      Awarded:  7/23/2010
Title:In-Vacuo Passivation of High Aspect Ratio HgCdTe Surfaces
Abstract:As HgCdTe technology has evolved, many of the devices used in infrared detector applications have required the creation of high-aspect-ratio morphologies. Therefore, equally important to the creation of these high-aspect-ratio geometries is the ability to subsequently deposit the necessary materials on these surfaces. To ensure ideal device performance, the material deposition must be uniform, conformal and free of pinholes. One of the most critical deposited materials in these infrared devices is the passivation layer. While many types of passivation materials for HgCdTe have been investigated, one of the most common and promising is CdTe. EPIR Technologies proposes the use of the ALD (Atomic Layer Deposition) process to grow CdTe passivation layers. The ALD process represents an optimization of the conventional chemical vapor deposition process. The ALD process will provide a passivation layer conformality improvement over existing deposition methods. Superior film quality also will be possible due to ALD’s ability to encapsulate point defects. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop uniform, conformal, pinhole free CdTe passivation layers required for HgCdTe infrared devices. The feasibility of employing an ALD process to deposit CdTe passivation layers on high-aspect-ratio surfaces will be demonstrated during Phase I.

Vism Corporation
16210 Shadybank Dr.
Dallas, TX 75248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 490-6114
Chang-Feng Wan
ARMY 10-018      Awarded:  3/8/2011
Title:In-Vacuo Passivation of High Aspect Ratio HgCdTe Surfaces
Abstract:We propose an innovative physical vapor deposition process for in vacuo passivation of high aspect ratio HgCdTe surfaces that is capable of conformal coverage of high aspect ratio trench sidewall surfaces. The propose method uses a combination of atomic layer deposition (ALD) and force convection mass transport to circumvent low vapor pressure from low temperature requirement and the associated high stick coefficient of one of the elemental source materials. More importantly, the passivation process and material are essentially the same as a passivation used in production.

Kent Optronics, Inc
40 Corporate Park Drive
Hopewell Junction, NY 12533
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Ben Tang
ARMY 10-019      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Dual Band MWIR and LWIR Switchable Beam Splitter and Filter
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I Proposal, Kent Optronics, Inc (KOI) proposes to develop liquid crystal based fast speed, high efficiency dual band infrared switchable beam splitter and filter for 3rd Generation Forward Looking Infrared (3rd Gen FLIR). The device can be electronically controlled to change from transmissive to reflective in mid-wave infrared [MWIR (3.5 – 5.0 m)] and long wave infrared [LWIR (7.5 – 12.0 m)]. The components are to replace those movable components that change the optical path of each spectral band in the currently developed 3rd Gen FLIR Systems. The technology is based on the electrically switchable liquid crystal that exhibits spectrally selective reflection which current state-of- the-art technologies such as electrochromic are lacking of. The devices are expected to have: - Transmission change from less than 5% to greater than 90% - Reflection change from less than 5% to greater than 90% - Change time less than 2.0 seconds for entire range Phase I is the technology feasibility to prove the capability of meeting the requirements. In Phase II, prototypes will be developed to meet the designed specifications, followed by the Phase III commercialization for commercial applications.

Raydex Technology, Inc.
655 Concord Ave, Unit 704
Cambridge, MA 2138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 763-2711
Jingqun Xi
ARMY 10-019      Awarded:  7/8/2010
Title:Spectrally Tunable Infrared Optical Filters Based on Nano-Structured Materials
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop a technology to enable the fabrication of electronically tunable optical filter, such as beam splitter, in infrared spectrum for incoherent light. Electronically tunable Optical filters, such as beam splitters, are desired in infrared imaging systems, such as night vision thermal imaging system. Such filters can significantly reduce the complexity of the optics in imaging system and help to enable a lightweight, small volume and automated imaging system with significant improved capability. The proposed effort will use low-refractive-index nano-rod thin film materials for tunable optical filter fabrication. The nano scale feature size of the nano-rod has negligible scattering effect and can enable a nano-rod layer a viable optical thin film in multilayer structure. The advantage of the proposed effect is that such nano-rod thin films can enable variety of sophisticated spectrally-tunable optical filters with broad spectrally-tunable range. The intellectual merit mainly lies in technical challenges for nano-structured material fabrication, and the optical filter design by combining the optical property and the nano- structure of the low-refractive-index materials.

Archer OpTx, Inc.
3402 Enterprise Drive
Rowlett, TX 75088
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 463-8001
David Tinch
ARMY 10-020      Awarded:  6/10/2010
Title:“Precision Glass Molding of Diffractive and Asphero-Diffractive Optical Elements”
Abstract:The technology for compression molding of high performance glass aspheric optics (<1 inch diameter) is mature. These molding techniques have driven the cost of small aspheric optics, which were once simply unavailable, down to commodity level pricing. These same molding techniques can be applied to the fabrication of molded diffractive and asphero- diffractive surfaces in optical glass. The molding of diffractive surfaces in optical glass provides some unique molding challenges. In order to address these challenges, four (4) primary tasks have been identified. The first is to evaluate the physical limitations of molding diffractive surfaces in glass. The second is to identify optical glass types that are suitable for fabricating molded diffractive surfaces. The third is to determine the current state of optical design software as it applies to modeling the efficiency of diffractive surfaces. The fourth and final task is to conduct prototype molding experiments of a small diameter (<1” diameter) diffractive surface in optical glass. This task will help verify the results from the first three tasks as well as help identify any process related issues at an early stage. This will allow future work (Phase I option, Phase II) to be highly focused and efficient.

Rochester Precision Optics, LLC
850 John Street
West Henrietta, NY 14586
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 292-5450
Jayson Nelson
ARMY 10-020      Awarded:  7/20/2010
Title:Advanced Molded Glass Lenses
Abstract:There is a critical need for lighter, smaller, and higher performance optical components in many military programs. Glass molding technology can meet these demands through its ability to mass produce complex geometries with high degrees of accuracy and precision. Nearly all future programs that contain optics will benefit greatly if current and future molded technologies are integrated early in the development cycle. RPO is proposing innovative research which will further advance molded optics technology and assist in the reduction of SWaP throughout the optics industry. Rochester Precision Optics (RPO) will demonstrate the advantages of glass molding technology and its importance for current and future government programs, the feasibility of creating novel surfaces such as diffractives by producing tooling and a limited number of samples that possess the desired attributes, and extend molding technology to encompass larger diameters and achieve higher manufacturing yields. We will also research the availability of complimentary manufacturing technologies to identify a path for producing lower cost molded optics with superior surface qualities. Commercialization of this technology is discussed based upon the existing breadth of manufacturing experience at RPO and our ability to quickly add capital resources. This technology is an accurate, highly repeatable, and cost effective means for producing optical elements. Successful Phase I and Phase I Option programs will enable the production of glass molded articles in Phase II that have application with current US Army products. Current Army programs that will benefit from size and weight reduction efforts are Thermal Weapon Sight (TWS), Enhanced Night Vision Goggle (ENVG), Monocular Night Vision Device (MNVD), Aviator’s Night Vision Imaging System (ANVIS), Sniper Night Sight (SNS), Clip-on Sniper Night Sight, Laser Target Locating System (LTLS) Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder (LLDR) and Small Tactical Optical Rifle Mounted (STORM).

SBG Labs Inc.
1288 Hammerwood Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 793-2695
Jonathan Waldern
ARMY 10-021      Awarded:  6/14/2010
Title:Lightweight, Wide Field-Of-View Wave-guided Head-mounted Display
Abstract:The ideal head-mounted display (HMD) would be one that preserves situational awareness by offering a panoramic view of the surroundings with high see-through and provides high- resolution, wide-field-of-view color imagery. For soldier applications, such a system should also be unobtrusive; that is, compact, light-weight, and comfortable, where comfort comes from having an adequate exit pupil, generous eye relief, ergonomic center of mass, and focus at infinity. Conventional refractive optics cannot satisfy this suite of demanding requirements. Even after years of highly competitive development, HMDs exhibit limited field of view and are anything but compact, light-weight, and comfortable. SBG Labs is pleased to announce that it has developed a game-changing solution to waveguide HMDs. Proof of feasibility was recently established with the demonstration of a 60-deg x 10-deg field-of-view device. The design is such that it can be readily extended larger fields of view. Moreover, the design is inherently high resolution and compatible with color, should the latter eventually become a requirement. Currently, the technology is glass based. The goal of this Phase-I proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of transitioning this disruptive technology to plastic, making it lighter weight, more robust and, therefore, more suitable for soldiers in the field.

IRDT Solutions, Inc
21832 Seacrest Lane
Huntington Beach, CA 92646
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 717-6675
Honnavalli Vydyanath
ARMY 10-022      Awarded:  7/2/2010
Title:An Innovative Annealing Apparatus for Mercury-Based, Compound Semiconductors
Abstract:Phase I objective includes completion of the Engineering design of the HgCdTe annealing apparatus and to deliver a sufficiently complete schematic design to the Government for their evaluation. Phase II plan entails building and delivering the annealing apparatus to anneal 3-inch large HgCdTe wafers.

Photronix
35 Sandybrook Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 221-0442
Phil Lamarre
ARMY 10-022      Awarded:  6/24/2010
Title:Innovative Annealing Apparatus for Mercury-Based, Compound Semiconductors
Abstract:Infrared photovoltaic imagers based on HgCdTe are being developed to meet ever more stringent requirements. Anneals are used for reducing the Hg vacancy concentration by annealing at near Hg saturation pressure, for diffusions under a specific Hg vapor pressure, for annealing after ion implants to diffuse the implanted element and for activating implanted dopants. In the most commonly used anneal procedure several wafers are sealed (using a glass-blowing torch) into an evacuated fused quartz ampoule along with a small amount of Hg. The practical problems that occur for wafers over about 5 cm in diameter are first of all that larger quartz ampoules become more difficult to seal under vacuum and the extended sealing time may lead to heating and damaging the wafers. Also, the cost of the quartzware that is destroyed in the process becomes more significant in larger sizes. A new anneal process is required that avoids these problems. The difficulty at first appears to be that Hg vapor must be contained by a seal that is itself at the same temperature as the wafers, in order to prevent Hg vapor from condensing or escaping. This requirement can, however, be avoided by use of our new technology.

SOAL Technologies LLC
10012 S. 86th Ct.
Palos Hills, IL 60465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 301-4054
Jennene Fields
ARMY 10-022      Awarded:  9/8/2010
Title:Innovative Annealing Apparatus for Mercury-Based, Compound Semiconductors
Abstract:Our proposed large wafer re-usable annealing system (RAS) will significantly increase temperature stability, uniformity, and control – increasing the yield of high quality MCT devices. Provided in this proposal is a detailed process for engineering an advanced annealing system, that begins with identifying key annealing parameters. SOAL has been developing RAS for over one year and has a stronger understanding of creating an innovative MCT annealing system than most other companies. Therefore, SOAL is in a unique position to develop RAS with a substantially lower level of risk. We also have several years of experience in designing and fabricating prototypes, thermal modeling and writing software programs. Each of these has been utilized in our preliminary designs, and discussed in this effort. We intend to model thermal variations on a variety of furnace and annealing components, with the goal of gaining invaluable insight to each designs probable performance. RAS was designed to incorporate the proven concepts of Hg annealing into a more stable, controllable, and re-usable Hg annealing system for large MCT wafers.

Advanced Systems & Technologies, Inc
152 E Garry Av.
Santa Ana, CA 92707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 733-3355
Gene Tartakovsky
ARMY 10-023      Awarded:  5/17/2010
Title:Low Latency Infrared Positional Operating Projection (LOLIPOP) system
Abstract:Unmanned air and ground vehicles (UAV and UGV) are critical in all aspects of military strategy including tactical strikes, surveillance, and even facilities management. While vehicle technology has advanced quickly, the weak link is the single-view fixed-sensor user interface. Intuitive head-tracking technology needs to be developed which is un-tethered, low latency, and allows multi-viewer expansion. In response to this need, IS&T proposes the Low Latency Infrared Positional Operating Projection (LOLIPOP) system to provide a highly scalable, yet precise, multi-user area tracking method. The LOLIPOP system consists a series of very high-speed near-infrared (NIR) Deformable Mirror Device (DMD) projectors providing overlapping volumetric views. Each projector is driven with a sequence of binary images which encode the position of each pixel within the sensor image. Each entity is equipped with a set of high-speed IR sensors to receive the pixel position information within the overlapping projection area. These are then relayed to the tracking system which triangulates the 3D position of the view within the operating volume. The low latency projectors may be reprogrammed at high speed while projecting, allowing the patterns and coverage of the projectors to adapt on the fly to occlusion, sensor density and required sampling rate.

PhaseSpace Inc.
1937 A Oak Park Blvd.
Pleasant Hill, CA 94523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 281-7796
Tracy McSheery
ARMY 10-023      Awarded:  9/16/2010
Title:Untethered Real Time Low Cost Head Tracking
Abstract:PhaseSpace will modify existing optical tracking and inertial tracking systems to create a low cost, highly accurate, highly reliable, and real-time untethered head tracking system using a combination of vision, active marker LED and inertial tracking methods. The proposed system combines the high performance of our vision based and LED tracking solutions with inertial tracking methods. PhaseSpace is the industry''s leader in LED tracking with over 15 years experience and through a related Navy SBIR developed an Inertial Measurement Unit with multiple accelerometers, Mems Gyros, magnetometers and an onboard microprocessor with 2.4 gigahertz RF wireless communications. Working with the US Air Force we have developed custom 9 megapixel and 30 megapixel video cameras with advanced image tracking technology. We will use this unique expertise to further develop and optimize our current systems to the specifications and unique requirements of this particular SBIR including limited space and multiple users. A head tracking system which allows users to move freely within changing environments will provide the capability to present the correct sensor imagery from the DAS to the user, thus significantly enhancing utilization of DAS information as well as driving remote sensors and systems with head motion.

ChemImage Biothreat LLC
7301 Penn Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15208
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 241-7335
Jeffrey Beckstead
ARMY 10-024      Awarded:  5/28/2010
Title:NightGuard - Real-Time SWIR Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor for Day/Night Operations
Abstract:ChemImage has previously demonstrated the utility of a SWIR sensor for stationary and on the move (OTM) explosive detection, disturbed earth detection and camouflage concealment and detection. ChemImage proposes the combination of a shortwave infrared (SWIR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensor with active illumination sources to allow for both daytime and nighttime operations. We call this sensor “NightGuard”. The illumination source(s) will incorporate IR long pass filters to eliminate any visible light emitted from the source(s) and allow for only IR light to illuminate the scene. The IR light is eye safe and invisible to visible sensors. By incorporating real-time anomaly detection and classification algorithms in the software package associated with the sensor, the system will have the utility to perform autonomous detection of a wide variety of targets.

Surface Optics Corporation
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
David Cavanaugh
ARMY 10-024      Awarded:  5/10/2010
Title:Real-Time Vis-SWIR Multispectral Sensor for Day/Night Operations
Abstract:The 3D camera technology is a recent imaging technology for multispectral imaging, developed recently at Surface Optics Corporation. This camera system is a compact solid- state staring multispectral imager that captures the information required to generate complete multispectral cubes with each focal plane exposure. The number of bands depends on the number of spectral filters used in a mosaic filter array. The program proposed here will develop and analyze an optimized design for a 3D camera operating in the SWIR waveband. This will produce a video rate camera for making real-time SWIR multispectral measurements. The system will use high density InGaAs focal plane arrays that are now in development. Two fore-optics will be designed for the system for wide and narrow fields of view. The system will include an integrated real-time processor for analyzing and displaying results in real time. The proposed program will produce a preliminary design layout and a detailed system performance analysis.

Black Forest Engineering, LLC
12930 Morris Trail
Colorado Springs, CO 80908
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 593-9501
Stephen Gaalema
ARMY 10-025      Awarded:  7/12/2010
Title:Large Format Dual Band FPA ROIC for Low Flux Environments
Abstract:The Dual Band Compact Hyperspectral Imager (DBCHI) delivers high performance, co- registered, simultaneous MWIR & LWIR hyperspectral data from a compact, man-portable sensor. The DBCHI sensor currently employs a dual band focal plane array (FPA) designed to operate in a broadband flux environment. The read out integrated circuit (ROIC) of this FPA uses a direct injection input circuit and is not optimal for the minimum flux levels present in the DBCHI. A redesign of the ROIC optimized for low noise and lower flux environments (~1 µW/cm2 at the detector) will improve performance of the DBCHI and other low background dual-band imaging sensor systems. On Phase I, Black Forest Engineering will design and demonstrate by analysis a low-background dual-band ROIC, and drive electronics compatible with the DBCHI and existing HgCdTe detector arrays that results in improved performance when developed on Phase II. The ROIC will be 640x480 format with 20 µm pixel pitch capable of 60 Hz frame rates with integrate while read, high dynamic range and high injection efficiency.

Infrared Laboratories, Inc.
1808 E. 17th St
Tucson, AZ 85719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 622-7074
Ken Salvestrini
ARMY 10-025      Awarded:  7/22/2010
Title:Large Format Dual Band FPA ROIC for Low Flux Environments
Abstract:Based on our analysis, we believe the biggest technology difficulty will be the pixel layout real estate constraint created by the 20um pixel pitch against the various specification requirements like two color, low flux operation, low noise, high dynamic range, variable gain, integrate while read, etc. To solve this problem, we believe our proposed Amplifier Shared Dual Band CTIA (ASDBC) pixel or the modified Amplifier Shared Dual Band CTIA with Sourced Follower Output (ASDBCSF) pixel should be the appropriate approach to meet the requirements. The multiple-pixel-in-one-unit layout technique should be a good backup when further performance sacrifices for layout tradeoffs are unacceptable. SBIR preferred features, like dark current subtraction, independent column gain control, ADC on-chip, and various operation modes, can all be incorporated into the ASDBC or ASDBC-SFO based ROIC by leveraging our past design experience.

Aegis Technology
12630 G Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
ARMY 10-026      Awarded:  7/8/2010
Title:A Viable Method for Metal Nano-Coating of Graphite Microfibers
Abstract:Presently, there is a pressing need from U.S. Army in developing metal nano-coated graphite microfibers, which will be used for military applications such as infrared threat sensor countermeasures because they are excellent attenuators in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The metal nano-coatings around graphite microfibers are desired to have high electrical conductivity, be with the thickness less than 100 nm, and simultaneously can be produced at a low cost. However, there is not a cost-effective processing method available that is capable of depositing a metal nano-coating meeting the above characteristics. Therefore, in this proposed research program, Aegis technology will: (1) Develop and demonstrate a novel nano-coating method based on electroless nano- coating technique to generate a highly conductive metal nano-layer (less than 100 nm) around graphite microfibers; (2) Identify the underlying technical issues that govern the fabrication and performance of the nano-coating synthesized; and (3) Use this knowledge to design and manufacture such highly conductive metal nano-coatings around graphite microfibers that exhibit the infrared attenuation required by Army. The anticipated technological impact of the proposed research program is the design, development and implementation of a commercially viable nano-coating fabrication method to produce highly conductive metal nano-coating that can be integrated into existing military and industrial applications and lead to numerous new applications as well.

EIC Laboratories, Inc.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Michael Wilson
ARMY 10-026      Awarded:  6/30/2010
Title:A Facile Method for the Large-Scale Production of Metal-coated Graphite Microfibers
Abstract:Theoretical computations have proven that metal coatings will increase the IR attenuation of graphite fibers. We propose a novel highly conformal and scalable process for metallizing carbon fibers in bulk with optimal IR obscurant dimensions. The metal coating will provide complete coverage of the individual fibers, have high electrical conductivity along the entire fiber length, and the coated fibers will have minimal agglomeration. Additionally, the process will be low-cost and suitable for large scale production. A key feature of our technology is that it addresses the problem commonly encountered when preparing nano-scale films on small 3D objects-the formation of incomplete films. In Phase 1, we will demonstrate the feasibility of our process to form continuous films, prepare gram quantities of coated fibers, and determine their IR extinction coefficient and conductivity. In the Phase 1 option, several different metal coats will be prepared and their extinction coefficients experimentally determined and compared. In Phase 2, the methods developed will be scaled up to prepare kg quantities of fibers.

Capco Inc.
1328 Winters Ave.
Grand Junction, CO 81501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 243-8750
Dave Crabb
ARMY 10-027      Awarded:  8/30/2010
Title:Improved Methods of Explosively Disseminating Bi-Spectral Obscurant Materials
Abstract:The technical approach for preventing obscurant agglomeration must be multi-pronged; studying not only particle structure, but also explosive impulse loading, grenade burst pressure and composite geometry. The solution to particle agglomeration reduction and improved obscurant performance will most likely be obtained through small advances in multiple areas. Computer modeling may also be utilized to predict particle scattering, density gradients, and compaction. However, considering the complex nature of modeling randomized elements, Capco has chosen a path primarily focused on Test and Evaluation. Considering the limited funds available for this effort, it is believed that a T&E approach will provide Army Edgewood Chemical and Biological Command (ECBC) with tangible knowledge and test results versus a more theoretical approach favoring simulations.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
ARMY 10-027      Awarded:  9/30/2010
Title:Active coatings for Disseminating Bi-Spectral Obscurant Materials
Abstract:In this program Powdermet will combine controlled particle packing theory, particle interface control through particle coating and improve particle aeration by combining energetic gas formers within the obscurant compact. The end result of the program will be a device that outperforms current burster canisters with existing available obscurant materials and also can be applied to newly developed obscurant materials to improve their performance as well.The key advantage that is being proposed other than anti-binding agents in this proposal is the ability to add a gas-former coating through the obscurant layer filling the space that is typically void. This added active coating will aid in dispersion during the busters operation.

AdValue Photonics Inc
4585 S. Palo Verde, Suite 405
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 790-5468
Shibin Jiang
ARMY 10-028      Awarded:  5/6/2010
Title:Innovative Eye-Safe Wavelength High Power Fiber Laser
Abstract:High power fiber lasers have made significant progress in the last several years. Ten kW of diffraction-limited output power at 1 micron from one single mode fiber has been demonstrated. Department of Defense (DoD) needs 100s of kW for missile defense as well as for protection against rockets, artillery, and mortars (RAM). There is serious concern about current 1 micron fiber laser system potentially causing collateral eye damage due to scatter off of target surfaces. AdValue Photonics proposes to develop an innovative eye-safe single mode fiber laser with output power greater than 5kW using our proprietary glass fibers, and scale up the total power to 100s-kW with good beam quality using an innovative beam combining technique. In Phase I we shall design and fabricate double cladding fiber, demonstrate cladding pumped fiber laser with slope efficiency greater than 80%, demonstrate output power of 100W, and design the proposed 100kW fiber laser system.

Corcoran Engineering, Inc.
48 Knollwood Dr.
Waltham, MA 2453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 894-1168
Christopher Corcoran
ARMY 10-028      Awarded:  5/7/2010
Title:High Power Fiber Laser with Extremely Large Mode Area
Abstract:The proposed project, in partnership with Nufern, will demonstrate the feasibility to scale high power fiber laser at the eyesafe wavelength of 2 microns up to 75-kW power level and beyond. This will be accomplished using an array of extremely large area core by means of a Self-Fourier cavity monolithically attached to the individual fiber laser. In this configuration, the Self-Fourier cavity performs spatial filtering on the operating laser mode of each individual fiber laser as well as that of the array and filters out the unwanted higher order modes of operation; allowing operation of the laser in a single diffraction limited beam and yielding high beam quality output. Demonstration of this technology will further enhance the power capabilities of high-power laser systems if used in conjunction with coherent beam combination currently being demonstrated using a Self-Fourier cavity The Phase I project will experimentally demonstrate the spatial filtering properties of the Self-Fourier cavity used with Tm doped active fibers fabricated by Nufern. The SF cavity will be monolithically attached to the fiber lasers using a proprietary technology recently developed by Corcoran Engineering for the Army SMDC. The results of the Phase I effort will be a demonstration of the performance capabilities of this spatial filtering mechanism, a good understanding of the scaling issues for high power operation, and a design for Phase II prototype. The Phase II effort will demonstrate a diffraction-limited laser source at a power level of more than 200W. Development of this technology will pave the way for high energy laser systems useful for many other military applications including high energy laser weapons as well as the pumps for these systems.

ARC Technology
13076 NW 120th St.
Whitewater, KS 67154
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(316) 799-2763
William Carey
ARMY 10-029      Awarded:  5/12/2010
Title:Novel Compact FCG for DEW Applications
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a new FCG design that reduces energy losses for small package sizes. It addresses the major performance limiting factors associated with small helical FCGs and facilitates driving high output voltage, moderate current loads directly, without the need for a transformer. Applications for this device include single shot, high peak power loads for directed energy applications.

Ktech Corporation
1300 Eubank Blvd. SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 938-4192
Bruce Freeman
ARMY 10-029      Awarded:  5/13/2010
Title:Flux Compression Generators
Abstract:The US Army has programs that require very compact explosive drive power supplies. One such power supply is the Flux Compression Generator (FCG). Flux compression generators convert the chemical energy of explosives into electrical energy by compressing an initial magnetic field. A major advantage of FCGs is that they can be relatively small and can fit into platforms of interest, unlike conventional power supplies such as battery powered Marx generators. Unfortunately, as the size of FCGs decrease , they have higher losses due, in part, to size and tolerance scaling. However, it may be possible to take advantage of this characteristic for higher losses to couple part of the energy that would have been lost out of the flux trapped region into Radio Frequency (RF) energy. For Army platforms of interest, the geometries of interest are ¡Ý1.5 inches (40 mm) in diameter and ¡Ý1 inch (25 mm) in length. We propose to explore innovative ways to convert energy typically lost due to mechanisms such as stator clocking and flux pocketing.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10306 Sausalito Dr
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Alan Wang
ARMY 10-030      Awarded:  5/14/2010
Title:Electromagnetic Attack Detector
Abstract:In this program, Omega Optics proposes to develop a large dynamic range electric field sensor capable of detecting high power electromagnetic pulse. The improvements of the proposed photonic field sensor come from a high speed, highly linear electro-optic (E-O) modulator (spurious free dynamic range (SFDR)>121dB/Hz) based on domain inverted Y- fed directional coupler using advanced E-O polymer materials developed by DARPA MORPH program. The linear modulator with inverted domains, which is developed through a DARPA SBIR program, has an opposite poling direction with respect to each other, and potentially eliminates the nonlinear response of the modulator due to the fact that the higher order spurious signals are cancelled out in each adjacent domain. The bandwidth of the linear modulator can be enhanced to 40GHz because of the velocity match between RF and optical waves. Furthermore, the symmetric waveguide structure of the Y-fed directional coupler will be intrinsically bias-free providing the linear modulator at 3-dB point regardless of the ambient temperature. The specially developed linear modulator, coupled with commercially available optoelectronic components which are evaluated for the proposed photonic field sensor, is expected to reduce the system power consumption by 50% and improve the dynamic range by 20dB when compared with the state-of-the-art commercial photonic sensing technologies using lithium niobate Mach-Zehnder modulator.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth Knowles
ARMY 10-030      Awarded:  5/14/2010
Title:Electromagnetic Attack Detector
Abstract:The primary focus of Phase II is to undertake a disciplined product development of a new low cost, subcompact, bandwidth selectable, wide magnetic/EM spectrum detector technology that has not been previously seen. This program will conclude with affordable and reliable manufacture of such subcompact detectors that can meet Army platform systems electronics integration specifications. The intent is to complete Phase II with an independently verified (Army prime contractor partner certified) TRL 4/5 capability to enable a wide spectrum coverage detection that can be readily inserted into almost any military electronics system electronics.

Busek Co. Inc.
11 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-5565
Jurg Zwahlen
ARMY 10-031      Awarded:  5/7/2010
Title:Ultra-Compact Advanced Micro Pulsed Plasma Thruster for CubeSats
Abstract:Busek Co. Inc. proposes to develop a compact fully integrated primary and ACS propulsion system for CubeSats. The propulsion system will fit into 1/2U and will deliver 100m/s deltaV to a 3U CubeSat. It is based on the on-orbit proven microPPT architecture, which is an electromagnetic thruster that has no moving parts and delivers thrust by accelerating Teflon vapor plasma by Lorentz force. The Teflon is stored as a solid; there are no propellant tanks or valves in the system. Thrust is directly proportional to input power and Isp typically exceeds 800s. The proposed system is a third generation microPPT built by Busek, with each generation having higher wet mass fraction achieved primarily through reduction in the mass and volume of the power processing/ electronics unit (PPU). The dramatic reduction in the PPU mass of the proposed configuration is possible due to a novel and imaginative circuit topology and newly available high voltage semiconductor switches. The Phase 1 goal is a demonstration of the novel PPU architecture and optimization of the stored energy per ablation surface area yielding thruster geometry most suitable for CubeSat applications. The Phase1 Option will include a demonstration of the integrated breadboard system. A TRL-6 flight prototype of the system will be built and delivered in Phase 2.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2313
Jim Nabity
ARMY 10-031      Awarded:  5/11/2010
Title:Solid-Fueled Micro Colloid Thruster for Nanosatellites
Abstract:Most satellite propulsion systems use energetic liquid propellants or compressed gas to produce thrust. While acceptable for the primary payload, they are not favored for secondary payloads, such as a cluster of nanosatellites, due to the substantial risk that they present to the primary payload. Unfortunately, safe and reliable propulsion systems that use solid, chemically inert fuels are not yet available for nanosatellites. Electric propulsion can utilize such a fuel efficiently, but of the many electric propulsion concepts, only the Hall and colloid thrusters can be miniaturized to the micro scale. Therefore, in this project we propose to develop an array of micro colloid thrusters suitable for use on nanosatellites. Each colloid emitter will produce about a microNewton of thrust and we will gang many of them together to provide the thrust level needed to precisely control spacecraft position. It is almost as easy to fabricate an array of thrusters as just one, since we can replicate hundreds of emitters on a single chip using MEMS fabrication processes. Aerojet, the world leading supplier of in- space propulsion systems, will assess our results and work with us to transition the technology into future systems.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Billy Wilson
ARMY 10-032      Awarded:  5/14/2010
Title:Information Security and Trust in a Space Communications Network
Abstract:Even though the issues of security and trust of sensitive information have existed for hundreds of years, the increasing reliance on computer networks to transmit sensitive information has brought these matters to the forefront of information security. The old methods of relying on trusted couriers and sealed envelopes are no longer sufficient for communicating over large networks where the integrity of communication paths cannot be assured. As such, numerous network security systems have been proposed to address these issues, but few have proven either effective or tractable, and fewer still have proven to be both. Leveraging its experience in information security and tamper resistance, Pikewerks proposes to develop an information security and trust system that is effective at preventing unauthorized access to sensitive information and is easy to use and integrate into existing environments, thereby lowering barriers of adoption. This security and trust system will advance the state-of-the-art in secure communication and remote attestation by integrating the two technologies into a semi-automated solution capable of encrypting sensitive information and ensuring trust of remote systems.

Solute, Inc.
4250 Pacific Highway Suite 211
San Diego, CA 92110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 758-9900
Robert Wong
ARMY 10-032      Awarded:  5/19/2010
Title:Information Security and Trust in a Space Communications Network
Abstract:As with any vital military resource, the Army space communications network is clearly a target for adversary forces. The need to securely transfer information and guarantee delivery from the trusted source to the ultimate information user is essential to Army mission success. Army space communications networks currently rely on traditional cryptography schemes. Traditional cryptography (based on computation al difficulty) is inherently vulnerable to advances in processing power and decryption algorithms. Quantum cryptography (based on the physics of quantum mechanics) technology promises proven unconditional data security. Building on current quantum cryptography research, SOLUTE proposes to develop a practical data security system an end-to-end information security and trust for use with Army space communications networks. The SOLUTE technical approach is based on an integration of fiber-based and free-space quantum key distribution (QKD) technologies with a custom QKD management software to provide a seamless user interface with Army space communications networks.

---------- NAVY ----------

316Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4814
Vincent Harrand
N101-001      Awarded:6/14/2010
Title:Mitigation of Vehicle Crew Blast Injuries through Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:Road-side mines and IEDs are the major thread to US military personnel riding in tactical wheeled vehicles. The development of mine protection systems to decrease the vehicle vulnerability and, more importantly, of their crew requires accurate assessment of the effects of blast on the vehicle, armor and on occupants before the vehicle is fabricated and fielded. Unfortunately, there are no computational tools integrating blast dynamics, vehicle structures dynamics and human biomechanics. The goal of this project is to develop a high-fidelity computational framework for automated physics-based simulation of blast damage to armored vehicles and injury potential to vehicle occupants. The proposed framework will integrate models of detonation physics, two-phase (gas, sand/debris) blast wave dynamics, vehicle loading, vehicle dynamics/damage, human body dynamics and injury. It will enable seamless integration of software components from CFDRC, DoD Labs, and commercial tools (FEM, CAD). The modeling tool will be validated against data from field testing and operational accidents. Working with the Navy, Marines the tools will be used to analyze vehicle response to various blast loads, load profiles on crew members, the effectives of the vehicle armor, crew protection and safety designs. The proposed computational framework, CoBi, will provide first ever coupled fluid-structures interaction capability.

Michigan Engineering Services, LLC
2890 Carpenter Road, Suite 1900
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 477-5710
Geng Zhang
N101-001      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Mitigation of Blast Injuries through Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:The U.S. Armed forces face the need for rapid deployment from the United States in order to engage regional threats decisively on a global basis. Size and weight are paramount factors for ground combat vehicles supporting this force projection structure. Lighter weight vehicles is an enabling factor for faster transport, higher mobility, fuel conservation, and a reduced ground footprint of supporting forces. At the same time the design of ground combat vehicles to survive a blast from a mine or from an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) is of great interest in order to provide an appropriate level of protection for the vehicle and its occupants. Weight reduction and high levels of survivability are mutually competing objectives. Therefore, a significant effort must be invested in order to ensure that the vehicle’s survivability is not compromised. Michigan Engineering Services, LLC (MES) has developed a Blast Event Simulation sysTem (BEST) for providing a seamless and easy to use technology for conducting blast simulations and injury analysis. In this manner it eliminates the burden of specialized knowledge from the analyst who will be conducting the simulations. The BEST simulation process was first validated through comparison with test data available in the literature. Further validation has been completed for a generic vehicle structure with a V shaped double bottom and subjected to a load from an explosion. A Hybrid III ATDs was placed inside the structure during the test. Results from the BEST simulation process were compared successfully with test data for the deformation of the structure and for the loads developed in the lower legs of the occupant. The proposed Phase I effort will demonstrate the ability of BEST to conduct simulations for non-centerline IED explosions, and the feasibility of utilizing BEST for introducing design changes in the generic vehicle for improving the occupant’s safety.

Protection Engineering Consultants, LLC
PO Box 1777
Dripping Springs, TX 78620
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 380-1988
David Stevens
N101-001      Awarded:6/10/2010
Title:Mitigation of Blast Injuries through Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:Protection Engineering Consultants (PEC) will employ state-of-the-art numerical modeling and simulation (M&S) tools and techniques to assess the performance of armored tactical vehicles when subjected to land mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). PEC will identify the key technical issues, such as material models, human surrogate models, and explosive/soil interaction, and will develop and demonstrate successful approaches for each topic. These approaches will be combined into an overall modeling and analysis procedure that is demonstrated through application to a generic armored tactical vehicle subjected to a realistic explosive threat. The key metrics will be the predicted occupant injuries, overall vehicle response, and local deformations and motion. This procedure will be applied to actual vehicles in Phase II and the entire process will be transitioned to the Navy. The final product will allow the Navy and other DoD activities to successfully and reliably assess the effects of design changes that are proposed for reducing injuries and improving vehicle performance in land mine and IED attacks.

Reaction Engineering International
77 West 200 South, Suite 210
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 364-6925
David Swensen
N101-001      Awarded:5/17/2010
Title:Mitigation of Blast Injuries through Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:With the current state of world events, the threat of buried explosives used against military vehicles is more pronounced than ever before. The introduction of the MRAP and MTVR vehicles have helped mitigate this threat to a degree, but military personnel continue to suffer from both death and serious bodily injury as a result of IED/mine explosions. To address this need, improved comprehensive simulation capabilities are needed to help design improved safety components for vehicle occupants. The proposed effort, which builds on previous work performed under US Army funding, will develop next-generation simulation capabilities to better predict the effects of buried explosives on ground vehicles and occupants. Blast and soil modeling will be performed using advanced simulation tools developed as part of the DoE ASCI program at the University of Utah and the vehicles will be modeled with the LS- DYNA FE code. Occupant modeling will be performed using LS-DYNA for the Phase I. The final product of the Phase I will be a macro-coupled MPMICE-LS-DYNA model, which leverages the best capabilities of each simulation tool. Future phases of the project would involve micro-coupling MPMICE and LS-DYNA and developing supporting advanced 3D design tools for placing and evaluating occupant safety components.

RHAMM Technologies, LLC
332 Skyland Drive
Bellbrook, OH 45305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 465-5909
Ronald Hinrichsen
N101-001      Awarded:6/10/2010
Title:Mitigation of Blast Injuries through Modeling and Simulation
Abstract:Military personnel riding in tactical wheeled vehicles, such as the Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) family of vehicles and the Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) vehicle, continue to suffer from both death and serious bodily injury as a result of IED/mine explosions. Injuries due to IED’s are the result of the combined effects of blast and fragmentation of the device and the response of the surroundings (soil, vehicle structures, etc.). RHAMM Technologies, LLC and its team mate, Skyward Ltd., have accumulated a significant amount of experience in employing physics-based models to simulate many different types of threats interacting with various air and land vehicles. In this proposal, the team outlines the following tasks in order to meet the requirement of developing a physics- based model for simulating IED detonations in close proximity to vehicles: Task 1 Program Review Task 2 Background Research Task 3 Create Strategy to Develop the Physics-Based Model(s) Task 4 Demonstrate Ability to Validate Physics-Based Model(s) Task 5 Reporting and Documentation Task 6 Transition to Phase II (Option)

M Cubed Technologies, Inc.
33 Corporate Drive, Suite 1110
Trumbull, CT 06611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 454-8600
Michael Aghajanian
N101-002      Awarded:10/7/2010
Title:Lightweight Modular Vehicle Armor System Based on Perforated Ceramic Tiles
Abstract:A novel high performance, lightweight vehicle armor system for the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) is proposed. Following past work with perforated metals for weight efficient armor, the present work examines ceramic-based armor systems where the ceramic component has a novel design (e.g., perforations). The program will combine the strengths of the team members to yield an optimum product, namely M Cubed’s expertise with high performance reaction bonded ceramics, and BAE’s vast experience with the design and manufacture of armor systems. Specific activities in the proposed Phase I work plan are (i) developing a novel modular vehicle armor design that contains ceramic tiles of novel configuration, (ii) assessing manufacturability of the novel armor systems, (iii) demonstrating ballistic performance using standardized flat test panels, and (iv) production and testing of full-scale panels. A subsequent Phase II program would optimize performance and scale-up fabrication and testing activities.

Materials Research & Design
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-9000
Daniel Hladio
N101-002      Awarded:9/14/2010
Title:Lightweight Armor Solution for the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle
Abstract:Materials Research & Design, Inc (MR&D) is pleased to submit this Phase I SBIR proposal for the design, fabrication, and ballistic testing of a lightweight armor system for use on the Marine Corps Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV). The proposed armor employs thin, lightweight modular metallic-clad ceramic tiles supported by a lightweight 3D woven composite. The metallic-clad ceramic serves to defeat the incoming projectile and the 3D woven composite acts as a momentum trap to capture the debris from the ceramic and projectile. The modular construction, in which the tiles are inserted in pockets formed in a 3D weave, allows for both 1) armor tailored to the threat, and 2) rapid, inexpensive repair. The SBIR will focus on lightweight B4C and SiC ceramic tiles clad in a ductile metal, e.g. Ti alloys, etc. The proposed design concept offers many advantages. The encapsulation process creates compressive residual stresses in the ceramic tile due to the thermal expansion mismatch between the tile and cladding. This compressive stress inhibits the fracturing process enabling the strike face material to remain coherent for longer times and at higher stresses to extend the damage imposed on the projectile. This improves the effectiveness of the ceramic tile which decreases the thickness needed to defeat a defined threat level. Furthermore, because the ceramic remains intact, the multi-hit capability of the system is improved. The metallic skin also protects against handling damage thereby increasing durability. The fabric pockets can be opened for localized armor replacement decreasing repair time and effort. The metallic jacket, ceramic tile and woven pockets are all corrosive resistant and structurally unaffected by high temperatures; therefore no degradation in ballistic performance can be expected. In order to optimize this design, it is necessary to specify several variables such as ceramic material and size of tile, metallic cladding and thickness, composite fibers and matrix, and details of 3D fiber architecture including warp weaver, warp stuffer, and fill yarn distributions. Rather than define these variables with a “cut and try” approach MR&D proposes to employ a dynamic structural model to audition design concepts and select those that are theoretically promising. Based upon the modeling results, MR&D will fabricate and supply armor for ballistic tests. Metallic-clad ceramic tiles will be purchased from Exothermics, Inc. 3D woven composite panels will be purchased from Albany Engineered Composites. Armor samples will be tested for ballistic performance at H.P. White Laboratories. The results of the tests will determine the feasibility of the proposed armor design.

Novana, Inc.
916 Stream Valley Trail
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 521-1273
F. Tsai
N101-002      Awarded:9/11/2010
Title:Modular Lightweight Armor System
Abstract:Novana is developing an innovative nanocomposite based material with unique and significant anti-ballistic properties. This material can not only absorb high impact projectile piercing energy but it is also lighter and less expensive than traditional anti-ballistic materials. Contrary to the current practice of using expensive fabrics made of high strength fibers such as Kevlar, Spectra Shield or brittle, difficult to mold ceramics, this technology uses our innovative material and process knowledge to create various region-specific microstructures. These microstructures are capable of absorbing and dissipating incoming ballistic energy and have the ability to self-heal by trapping the incoming projectiles inside the matrix. The objective of Phase I study is to (1) validate the operating theory and repeat the phenomena we have observed in our preliminary study; (2) optimize the material compositions and process conditions to meet the weight and thickness requirements while maintaining anti-ballistic properties.

Utility Development Corporation
112 Naylon Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 994-4334
Harry Katz
N101-002      Awarded:10/5/2010
Title:Modular Lightweight Armor System
Abstract:The objective will be to research, develop and build a lightweight modular armor package that will provide reliable ballistic protection at low cost. UDC will identify promising alternative lightweight ballistic armors and designs for ballistic protection of EFV. The new armor will allow multiple impacts without ballistic performance degradation. UDC will conduct design studies to determine the maximum thickness, weight and geometry of the armor package. The ballistic testing will be performed with 14.5 mm bullet in accordance with EFV S/SS Specification and MIL-STD-662F V50 Ballistic Test For Armor. The selected panels will be tested for environmental exposure, including salt water immersion and immersion in petroleum based liquids sand erosion and abrasion. At the end of Phase I, a comprehensive report with results and conclusions, and a Phase II plan will be submitted.

Ceralink Inc.
105 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 283-7733
Morgana Fall
N101-003      Awarded:9/15/2010
Title:Lower Cost Approach for Production of Improved Performance Ceramic Armor Systems
Abstract:There is a need for higher temperature, lightweight armor to be used in the U.S. Marine Corps EFV. Ceralink proposes to develop a polymer-ceramic composite to meet the needs of this and many other applications. The ultrahigh temperature polymer is commercially available and possesses outstanding chemical resistance and mechanical performance up to >500°F. The ceramic will be produced using microwave heating and offers several advantages over the conventionally produced material including lower cost and improved mechanical properties. In Phase I, composites will be fabricated and evaluated at outside testing facilities including environmental testing and measurement of properties of interest for armor ceramics. The program will culminate in the identification of preferred armor configurations based on weight, cost, and performance. These will be ballistically tested in the Phase I Option against the 20 mm FSP threat.

Frontier Performance Polymers Corporation
3328 Belt Road
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Jerry chung
N101-003      Awarded:9/15/2010
Title:Novel Cost-Effective Lightweight High Temperature Armor
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop lightweight high temperature armors that could sustain high temperature environment (up to 500ºF) and provide sufficient ballistic protection for the engine compartment of Marine Corp’s EFV, while meeting the w

Wright Materials Research Co.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-8811
Seng Tan
N101-003      Awarded:10/14/2010
Title:High Temperature Lightweight Composite Armor for AAA Vehicles
Abstract:Improved ballistic protection is needed at some areas of the Advanced Amphibious Assault (AAA) vehicles that the temperature exceeds the service temperature of the current ballistic materials, 250°F. Parts of the AAA vehicle may be exposed to over 500°F in the event of an exhaust failure for tens of hours. Current lightweight armor would have significant reduction in ballistic capability at this temperature. In this SBIR Phase I project we propose to develop a new lightweight composite with service temperature up to 500°F for ballistic protection against 20 mm fragment simulating projectile (FSP). This new composite armor will be particularly useful for operating in AAA vehicles environment. It will have excellent performance for ballistic resistance between –25 and 500°F, desert sand blowing, salt-water immersion, and soaking in petroleum based fluids. The areal density of the composite will be between 11 and 15 pound/square-feet. Our related research results indicated that our lightweight armor composite can defeat high velocity fragment at 6200 fps (STANAG 4496) and .50 Caliber AP M2 round (2745 fps). The proposed composite armor with judicious choice of materials can result in even lower areal density with improved high temperature ballistic protection and environmental durability. It will satisfy the requirements for AAA vehicles applications.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
W. Monach
N101-004      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Engagement Level Air Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Tool (ELAST)
Abstract:In this project Wagner Associates will develop an accurate, fast, easy to use, modular, and Open Architecture Engagement Level Air Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Tool (ELAST) that will accomplish the key goals of this R&D project: I. Accurately quantify the operational effectiveness of friendly Air Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) assets in few-on-few engagements against threat submarines. II. Run quickly enough to permit the analysis of many scenarios of potential interest. III. Provide an intuitive interface that is easily operated by analysts inexperienced in using the tool, but also allows experienced operations to analyze virtually any desired scenario. IV. Automatically generate quantitative and operationally relevant Measures of Performance (MOPs) in presentation ready format. V. Use a highly modular, object oriented, Open Architecture approach that allows most simulation tool modifications to be made without modifying software, e.g., modifying sensor performance parameters or adding new sensors by changing only configuration files. This approach will greatly simplify the process of enhancing ELAST software modules in the future, and permit the use of modules developed by NAVAIR or other contractors within ELAST.

Group W Inc
8315 Lee Hwy Suite 303
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 752-5850
Earl Lazarus
N101-004      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Air Anti-Submarine Warfare Modeling and Simulation Tool
Abstract:The effort will demonstrate innovative approaches to resolve conflicts and challenges inherent in the design and development for the Navy of a stochastic, few-vs.-few model with a scope sufficiently broad to encompass all phases of the air-prosecuted anti-submarine warfare (ASW) problem space at a level of fidelity sufficiently deep to support detailed analysis across the involved domains. Advanced modeling techniques will be required to ensure the objective tool is streamlined in its set-up within analytical environments and responsive in its application to analytical problems without compromising the scientific and engineering validity of its representations and the credibility of its results.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3902
Robert Kurzawa
N101-004      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Air Anti-Submarine Warfare Modeling and Simulation Tool
Abstract:Sonalysts, Inc. proposes to research the feasibility of developing a non-deterministic, stochastic, end-to-end ASW simulation which produces randomly indeterminate future possibilities described by probability distributions. The objective of Phase I will be the development and “proof-of-concept” demonstration of initial modeling algorithms incorporating advanced mathematical modeling and operations research techniques within Sonalysts’ very viable commercial combat simulation architecture. The Sonalysts research project team has unique and unparalleled experience in maritime ASW operations, commercial gaming, modeling and simulation (M&S), and the development of advanced mathematical operations analysis algorithms.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Russ Jeffers
N101-005      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Spread Spectrum Techniques for Sonar Ping Technology
Abstract:The proposed Phase I investigation is expected to yield innovative technologies for covert active sonar operation for antisubmarine warfare. The approach includes an innovative active sonar concept, waveform selection, receive signal processing, and correction of signal distortion by environmental propagation. The low source level which enhances low probability of intercept will also provide marine mammal mitigation. 3 Phoenix has extensive experience in the development of sensor processing technology and has been successful in transitioning leading edge technology to defense applications. We anticipate that the results of this effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the system approach and the path to implementation.

Advanced Acoustic Concepts Incorporated
425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 872-0024
Dennis Kershner
N101-005      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Spread Spectrum Techniques for Sonar Ping Technology
Abstract:Advanced Acoustic Concepts (AAC) will develop a spread spectrum waveform for use with the existing receive-only sonobuoys. Ideally the sonar source will be constructed to operate at 100% duty-cycle. This is an ideal application for a spread spectrum waveform as the largest reduction in transmit power is achieved using the highest pulse compression which in turn is achieve through use of very high duty cycle waveforms. AAC will provide analysis of system performance in reverberation, acoustic intercept vulnerability, and processing load estimates relative to the existing NAVAIR Processing hardware.

Sedna Digital Solutions, LLC
10611 Balls Ford Rd., Suite 300
Manassas, VA 20109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 530-5400
Mike Butler
N101-005      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Spread Spectrum Techniques for Sonar Ping Technology
Abstract:Spread spectrum signals have been successfully employed for many years in communications systems to transmit digital information when there is a need to combat the detrimental effects arising from various types of interference. More recently they have also been effectively employed in Low Probability of Intercept (LPI) and Low Probability of Identification (LPID) radar systems to minimize the impact of jamming and provide a method of hiding a signal by transmitting at low power. A spread spectrum approach for active sonar systems which requires less peak power offers the potential for improved detection performance while reducing the power requirements and the impact on marine life. We are proposing an investigation of the application of spread spectrum methods to continuously transmitted spread spectrum acoustic signals that would potentially improve active sonar detection performance by improving time-bandwidth gains and hence improve received SNR. The spread spectrum methods to be examined in this proposal will leverage previous experience with continuous active sonar technologies and significantly enhance target detection, classification and tracking processes for multi-static active ASW applications.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Drake Guenther
N101-005      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Spread Spectrum Techniques for Sonar Ping Technology
Abstract:Signal Systems Corporation (SSC) proposes to develop a Spread Spectrum Multistatic Active Covert (SSMAC) sonar system. The proposed research will benefit existing sonar systems and also yield revolutionary system concepts. During Phase I, we will develop algorithms necessary for mitigating undesirable sidelobe behavior of pseudo-random noise spread spectrum waveforms, and highlight the potential of spread spectrum multi-input multi- output sonar technology using in-water simulations. We will conduct an in-air spread spectrum multistatic sonar system demonstration against moving targets. SSC will leverage unique scattering geometries, exploit ocean channel multipath, in-buoy signal processing, multi-input/multi-output sonar techniques and wide band ping technology to pursue a system that is effective, covert and have low marine mammal impact. We will conduct a system level trade study to focus our technology onto a specific ASW mission.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4839
George Kiwada
N101-006      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:System-ID Filtered Comprehensive Prognostics and Health Management (SIC PHM)
Abstract:The availability of an air vehicle to perform missions or generate sorties is negatively impacted by time spent on the ground due to scheduled servicing and maintenance. Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) is an emerging technology that enables improved condition based maintenance on air vehicles by comparing sensor data to prognostic models of components and subsystems to predict wear as it occurs. Currently, implementation of advanced PHM has been focused on new designs of manned aircraft, such as the Joint Strike Fighter , to allow co development of the PHM system and its specific sensors in the design process. Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) have sensors and subsystems already installed that can provide the capability for a PHM retrofit on in-fleet systems. Aurora proposes the System-ID filtered Comprehensive Prognostics and Health Management system (SIC PHM) The SIC PHM system compares estimates of the vehicles current state to on-board models of the aircraft to generate a better understanding of the real-time operating condition of the vehicle and its constituent components.

International Electronic Machines
850 River St.
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 268-1636
Zack Mian
N101-006      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:UAV Condition Tracking System (UCTS)
Abstract:International Electronic Machines Corp. (IEM), a leader in sensor-based solutions for maintenance, safety, and security, will develop the Unmanned Air Vehicle Condition Tracking System (UCTS). UCTS will consist in hardware of self-contained, miniature, very lightweight intelligent wireless Condition Monitoring Sensor Nodes (CMSNs) able to use multiple sensors of varying types to track strain, detect anomalous heating, vibration, buffet, acoustic (sound) signals such as bearing screech or grind, and other parameters, and a Central Network Processing Unit (CNPU) which will be able to gather all data from the CMSNs, process or relay the data, and integrates with onboard IMMC or similar systems. UCTS software will include CMSN and CNPU code for real-time fault detection as well as data collection and processing for long-term PHM use. Interface and “back-end” PHM processing will be developed in cooperation with Technical Data Analysis, Inc. (TDA), already known for their PHM-related work on fixed-wing and rotorcraft platforms. UCTS is also supported by Northrop Grumman, manufacturer of the Global Hawk UAV, who will provide invaluable information on this platform. UCTS will draw on nearly four million dollars of related work on wireless sensor, condition-based maintenance, energy harvesting, and related fields for NAVAIR and others.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 838-9217
Kevin Line
N101-006      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Prognostic & Health Management (PHM) Technologies for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)Optimized PHM System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Abstract:Sentient will adapt its existing prognostics and health management software and architecture, called SAGE, to Navy unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). SAGE is particularly well-suited for UAVs because it already incorporates a centralized architecture, where data storage, signal processing, data management and visualization, higher level reasoning, prognostics, and maintenance and logistics coordination are all performed at a central ground control station. This centralized architecture minimizes on-board data storage and processing, and thus greatly reduces the amount of required on-board hardware. Substantial diagnostic coverage will be achieved through a network of existing UAV sensors. This suite of existing UAV sensors will be augmented as necessary with other diagnostic sensors. Through incorporating our other proprietary signal processing technology called “VSP” we will identify faults earlier than possible with other methods. Our physics of failure algorithms will be applied to provide long time-horizon prediction of component reliability. Long time- horizon predictions are required for UAVs because they typically have mission lengths 5-10 times longer than those of manned aircraft.

Engineering and Scientific Innovations, Inc.
6740 Kelseys Oak Ct
Cincinnati, OH 45248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 605-3700
Norman Toy
N101-007      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:REACTION BASED GAS INERTING (RBGI) SYSTEM FOR MULTI FUEL TANK INERTING
Abstract:The development of a novel reaction based nitrogen inerting system is proposed for reducing ullage Oxygen concentrations below 9% by volume in multiple fuel tanks. The system utilizes solid materials that undergo a chemical reaction to yield high purity nitrogen gas. Furthermore, a unique control system and inerting model algorithm is proposed to adequately supply individual fuel tanks with the appropriate flow rate of nitrogen gas to a tank. A modular based design allows quick servicing of the inerting system and replacing of nitrogen generation units once depleted. This system is a drastic change from permeable membrane based technologies that have inherent disadvantages and have been slow to gain acceptance in military and commercial aircraft applications. During Phase I, Engineering & Scientific Innovations will assemble the key components of the inerting system, primarily from COTS available products. To demonstrate the developed technology, ESI plans to perform a laboratory environment in which multiple fuel tanks are inerted below the 9% Oxygen concentration requirement.

InterSpace, Inc.
15601 Crabbs Branch Way
Derwood, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 527-0606
Matthew Price
N101-007      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Efficient Multi Fuel Tank Inerting System
Abstract:Operating airplanes with flammable vapors in the fuel tank presents an avoidable risk of explosion. In fact, the elimination of flammable vapors in fuel tanks has made it to the National Transportation Safety Board''s (NTSB) "Most Wanted" list of aviation safety improvements. Inerting systems displace air in the fuel tank with inert gas and thus lower the oxygen content to a level that does not support combustion. INTERSPACE proposes to develop an efficient inerting system based on a non-thermal plasma and reversible oxidation process. The system does not consume any inerting material and is designed to work safely in an aircraft fuel tank environment. INTERSPACE proposes to develop a laboratory prototype inerting system for Phase I and a field version for Phase II. This effort leverages our prior work in developing and testing oxygen sensors for aircraft fuel tank inerting systems.

Reactive Innovations, LLC
2 Park Drive, Suite 4
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 692-4664
Michael Kimble
N101-007      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Multi-Tank Fuel Inerting System
Abstract:The military desires a multi-tank fuel inerting system to protect the craft from ballistic fire and accidental fires. Traditional systems have used either stored suppressants that are often heavy, costly, and create logistical resupply challenges or systems that produce an inert gas such as an on-board inert gas generating system that can generate an inert gas to fill the ullage during flights. The Navy desires an improved inerting system that can support multiple independent fuel tanks that does not use engine bleed air, uses a minimum of electrical power, and that can reduce the oxygen content in the tanks to less than 9% by volume. Toward this goal, Reactive Innovations, LLC proposes to develop an inert gas generator that can operate with multiple independent fuel tanks. During the Phase I program, we will develop an operational prototype system with a Phase II program producing a system that functions with larger aircraft multi-tank fuel systems.

KVA Advanced Technologies
401 Langston Place Dr
Fort Mill, SC 29708
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 448-1754
Kenneth Morrison
N101-008      Awarded:4/7/2010
Title:Insensitive Munitions Compliant Initiation System
Abstract:The Insensitive Munitions (IM) compliant initiation system uses a unique approach to initiate the TATB. The initiation systems departure from standard approaches is the design uses all the stored energy as compared to standard approaches that use a small percentage of the stored energy with the remaining energy wasted. The unique approach provides the capability to develop a 1.6 hazard level compliant initiation system. The design does not affect the electronics design, so current proven and certfiend configurations can be used.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Alan Dokhan
N101-008      Awarded:4/7/2010
Title:An Advanced Insensitive, Tunable Initiation System for Insensitive High Explosives
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. has proposed to develop an innovative insensitive munition initiation system for insensitive high explosives that has the capacity to selectively modify the performance of the warhead. During Phase I, we have proposed to design, develop, and demonstrate feasibility of our technology initiating insensitive high explosives based on a user selectable input and in assessing its performance and reliability to DoD environmental standards.

REYNOLDS SYSTEMS, INC.
PO BOX 1229 18649 HWY 175
MIDDLETOWN, CA 95461
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 928-5244
Christopher Nance
N101-008      Awarded:4/7/2010
Title:Insensitive Munitions Compliant Initiation System
Abstract:Current multipoint initiation systems employ multiple LEEFI initiators which require precise timing and higher energy firing systems. Common problems with this approach include high cost, lack of space and high energy requirements. RSI working with the Navy at China Lake is proposing to build and test several variants of a new multipoint initiation system which has several important features. First it can achieve a high degree of simultaneity required for multipoint devices. Secondly, it is not backwards initiable. If initiated at any single point on the perimeter it will DUD. Finally the system will have very low cost LEEFI intiators and a low energy firing system. The system will still be compliant with MIL-DTL-23659, Appendix A. The overall array is expected to come in under .50" in thickness and can be tailored for a variety of diameters. The effort on this contract will be specifically aimed at preparing for a phase II contract and an eventual qualification of this design. Specific work will be done to optimize the explosive chain design.

MetaStable Instruments, Inc.
5988 Mid Rivers Mall Drive - Suite 236
St. Peters, MO 63304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(636) 447-9555
George Dube
N101-009      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Novel Laser Gain Media
Abstract:The 1D2 to 3F4 (blue) emission in a thulium doped lutetium aluminum garnet (Tm:LuAG) has been reported to be approximately three times broader (~30 nm) than this transition in other hosts. This project will investigate this unusually broad emission and assess the potential of this material for a wavelength agile laser material tunable throughout the 20,300 to 21,800 inverse cm range.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-3003
Igor Kudryashov
N101-009      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:A Unique Energy Transfer Up Conversion Laser Based on Rare Earth Doped Media
Abstract:Growing interest in high power and efficient lasers in the 20,300 cm-1 to 21,800 cm-1 region has emerged for numerous underwater applications due to the high transmission in this spectrum. Applications include underwater range finding, underwater surveillance from airborne platforms and ship to ship communications. We will leverage our experience with a rare earth element Erbium (Er) and exploit its many energy transitions that can be utilized for this application. Our unique pumping concept will lead to high efficiency and lower threshold energy lasers in the desired wavelengths of interest. The overall technology configuration is simple, comprising of a few integrated components with solid state pumping making it reliable and robust which is ideal for harsh environments such that maintenance in the field may often be difficult.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Keith Rozenburg
N101-009      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:UNIQUE HIGH OUTPUT BLUE LASER FOR IMPROVED ASW CAPABILITIES
Abstract:Currently available lasers are inadequate for current and future anti-submarine warfare needs. The development of high output, blue lasers have the potential to enhance airborne platform’s ability for submarine communications, detection of mines and other underwater targets. The Optical Ceramics Division of TA&T proposes to develop and demonstrate that polycrystalline Ti doped MgAl2O4 spinel is capable of achieving the high performance required of blue laser gain media for ASW applications. A systematic approach with a high probability of success is outlined that builds on TA&T’s expertise in the fabrication on transparent undoped spinel optics. It includes synthesis of high purity, Ti doped spinel nano- powders via flame spray pyrolysis (FSP), extensive powder property characterization and beneficiation, pressureless sintering trials, microstructural and physical property analyses, and optical absorption and emission measurements required for feedback optimization. An alternative powder approach for producing high quality, polycrystalline Ti:MgAl2O4 laser gain media is outlined in the Phase 1 option.

Research Associates of Syracuse
111 Dart Circle
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Paul Rivkin
N101-010      Awarded:4/30/2010
Title:Real Time RF Range Delay Emulation
Abstract:This effort investigates and assesses the feasibility of a digital delay-line approach to accomplishing high-fidelity wideband RF range delay emulation. A system architecture combining wideband frequency translation with high-speed A/D and D/A conversion technologies is proposed covering the full 18GHz RF band while supporting 800MHz of instantaneous bandwidth. A digital delay-line implementation can support programmable delays up to tens of milliseconds with 250psec resolution as well as wideband linearity. Our approach to achieving wide linear dynamic range (in excess of 55dB) minimizes signal distortion from several aspects including: (1) the active time-delay mechanism (i.e. discrete- time delay and linear interpolation) has a highly linear transfer function, (2) we exploit recent performance gains in COTS analog / digital conversion technologies including high sample rate / high resolution devices with excellent spur-free dynamic range (SFDR) and Signal- to-Noise Ratio (SNR) (60dB or better), and (3) harness the power of digital signal processing and in-house receiver distortion analysis expertise to accomplish a high degree of equalization and spur rejection to compensate for the distortion of RF/IF analog components. Our digital approach will also provide enhanced features including the ability to apply independent time delays simultaneously to multiple (spectrally non-overlapping) signals within a common instantaneous band.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
William Hallidy
N101-010      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:RAnge Delay Emulator (RADE)
Abstract:There is a need to more accurately test Digital RF Memory (DRFM) devices in an Installed System Test Facility (ISTF) in order to reduce cost and time required in comparison with flight testing. The Joint Integrated Mission Model (JIMM) is a mission-level, discrete-event, general-purpose simulator that is capable of integrated operation with real hardware components. As such it is ideally suited to act as an ISTF for DRFM testing, but to do so must have a means of providing coaxially-injected RF signals with real time emulation of range delay to distances of 27,000 nautical miles (Nmi) without degradation of the signals. In order to satisfy this objective, in Phase I of this contract Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) plans to leverage our experience with the development of the Agile Digital Effects Processor (ADEP™) technology, to create the Range Delay Emulator (RADE). SPEC''s ADEP™ combines RF signal characterization, DRFM and arbitrary waveform generation capabilities. Current ADEP™ systems include similar capabilities, and these will be extended to meet RADE requirements.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Glenn Beach
N101-011      Awarded:4/21/2010
Title:Hand-Held Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) Scanner for Composite Missile Systems
Abstract:Future missile systems will use composite materials to enable higher performance. These composite materials produce higher strength and lower weight than traditional metal cases, but are susceptible to defects that are not present in the metal cases. Furthermore, defects in these composite materials are frequently hidden below the surface making them difficult to find through a traditional visual inspection of the missile. Since these composite materials are sensitive to impact damage, there is a need for a method to quickly and nondestructively analyze a missile after it has suffered an impact. Such an inspection system will be required for the Navy to truly adopt and use missiles with composite cases. Cybernet proposes to leverage our existing electronic shearography-based sensor head to develop an inspection system for these composite missiles. The Navy’s current requirements call for a portable system that can be hand-held by the operator to inspect a missile after impact damage may have occurred. We will leverage our existing visual tracking technologies to compensate for any unwanted motion between the sensor head and the test specimen. This compensation will be required to make a truly hand-held device.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
Grorge Zhao
N101-011      Awarded:4/21/2010
Title:Hand-held Nonlinear Guided Wave Imaging (NGWI) System for Composite Missile Structure Inspection
Abstract:Fiber reinforced polymer composites are increasingly used in aerospace and missile defense industries. However, composite materials are subject to damage during fatigue, mechanical impact, and aging in a service environment. A portable and reliable NDE system is desired that can be carried to field for quick and accurate inspection of composite by a person that does not have much training. We propose to develop a nonlinear guided wave imaging system that can detect small incipient damage in complex composite structures. This novel approach is able to monitor large scale structures with complex geometries and is very sensitive to detect material micro-damage and in inaccessible areas. A physics base damage mapping algorithm will be developed and show intuitively the defect severity and location. The final prototype sensor hardware/software will be effective and low cost.

QUEST Integrated
1012 Central Avenue South
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-9500
Giovanni Nino
N101-011      Awarded:4/21/2010
Title:Hand-Held Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) Scanner for Composite Missile Systems
Abstract:In order to inspect and assess the structural integrity of highly curved composite structures, as those being introduced on the new generation of missile systems, a hand-help inspection tool is being proposed. This device will use a flexible ultrasonic array that can conform to the missile topologies and perform the inspection without couplant. Novel additive manufacturing technologies would be used to produce a light and compact device. Images of the inspected area would be available in near real time to facilitate damage assessment and can be displayed using conventional LCDs or a heads-up device. The hand-held could be used to rapidly inspect both flat and curved surfaces not only on missiles but also on rotor blades, leading edges and even composite pipeline structures.

Intelligent Epitaxy Technology, Inc.
1250 E. Collins Blvd.
Richardson, TX 75081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 234-0068
Paul Pinsukanjana
N101-012      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Dual Band MWIR/LWIR SLS FPA
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR effort will develop dual-band mid-wavelength infrared/long-wavelength infrared (MWIR/LWIR) detector technology based on dual monolithic type-II strained-layer superlattices (SLS). The dual-band detector will operate in either MWIR or LWIR mode depending on the applied voltage bias, and will be compatible with the ROICs under development in the MDA FastFPA program. The dual-band SLS detector design will be done in collaboration with leading firms QmagiQ, Teledyne Imaging Sensors, and Raytheon Vision Systems. The epitaxial layer structures will be prepared by multi-wafer Sb-based MBE at IntelliEPI using proprietary in-situ tools to fully characterize and optimize the films. Detector fabrication and testing will be done by QmagiQ, TIS, and RVS. Building on the experience gained under the MDA FastFPA program, and iterations of growth and testing, has the potential for high-performance dual-band detector development.

QmagiQ, LLC
22 Cotton Road Unit H, Suite 180
Nashua, NH 03063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Mani Sundaram
N101-012      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:FPA and Camera Based on Dualband Infrared SLS Photodiodes
Abstract:In Phase I, we will demonstrate a dualband InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattice (SLS) photodiode with bias-selectable 3-5 and 8-12 micron spectral response. Bandgap engineering will be used to minimize dark current and make array processing simple and robust with the goal of demonstrating a prototype dualband focal plane array (FPA) in the Phase I Option itself. In Phase II, we will optimize FPA performance on the readout multiplexers being developed by the MDA''s FastFPA program. A compact portable camera and sample FPAs will be delivered.

SK Infrared LLC
Lobo Venture Lab 801 University Blvd Ste
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 504-6846
Sanchita Krishna
N101-012      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:nBn Based Dual-Band Focal Plane Arrays with Type II InAs/GaSb Superlattices
Abstract:SK Infrared LLC, a spin-off from the Krishna INfrared Detector (KIND) laboratory at the UNM (www.chtm.unm.edu/kind) is proposing to develop a dual band SLS based imager using an nBn based heterostructure design in collaboration with Raytheon Vision Systems (letter attached). The proposed effort leverages the technical expertise and facilities of only one of the two university laboratories in the world that has demonstrated "Epi to Camera" research. The Krishna group has a successful track record in the design, growth, fabrication and characterization of SLS FPAs. UNM has agreed to let SK Infrared LLC use the facilities at CHTM (letter attached) for this effort. This will include access to a brand- new VEECO Gen-10 MBE reactor. The Krishna group has demonstrated the first SLS based nBn single pixel detector and 320x256 focal plane arrays with an NETD=24mK. Moreover, by engineering the bandgaps of the absorber on either side of the barrier, the Krishna group has demonstrated a dual band nBn detector. Prof. Krishna also has close ties with DoD agencies such as Army Night Vision Laboratory and is a part of the user group that provides feedback to FLIR for the new dual polarity ROIC as a part of MDA''S FastFPA program

Spire Semiconductor, LLC
25 Sagamore Park Road
Hudson, NH 03051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 689-1235
Xuebing Zhang
N101-012      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Strained Layer Superlattice Dual Band Mid-Wavelength Infrared/Long Wavelength Infrared (MWIR/LWIR) Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:Spire Semiconductor proposes to make InAs/GaSb based MWIR/LWIR dual-band FPA photodetectors with low surface-leakage current using the unique processing and passivation techniques developed at Spire Semiconductor. In phase I, Spire Semiconductor will demonstrate FPA pixel-sized (~30x30um-2) dual-band (5 um cutoff for MWIR and 10 um cutoff for LWIR) photodetectors and small array (320x256) with 77K dynamic Resistance- Area product RA values > 100Kohm cm-2 for MWIR and > 1Kohmcm-2 for LWIR, to satisfy the requirement for the MDA developed ROIC. Performance of the dual-band InAs/GaSb based FPAs is mainly limited by the high dark current from the LWIR diodes, and the dark current is mainly due to mesa edge leakage. The dark current problem becomes prominent as the size of the detector becomes small. This is especially true in case of high-definition LWIR FPAs, with very small bandgap materials, in which a small change in Fermi level, due to the formation of defects on the mesa sidewalls, cause an inversion of majority carriers along the sidewalls creating leakage paths. Therefore, improving the passivation techniques is of particular importance to the performance of dual-band FPAs, and this is Spire Semiconductor’s focus in this proposal.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Naibing Ma
N101-013      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Multilayered and Arrayed Sensor Suite for Engine Control and Diagnostics
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for dual-purpose sensor suites for engine control and diagnostics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Multilayered and Arrayed Sensor Suite (MASS). The proposed MASS is based on highly integrated multitypes of fiber optic sensors arrayed on a single MEMS chip coated with polymer-derived silicon aluminum carbon nitride (p-SiAlCN) film. The innovative new design of a highly integrated multilayered MEMS sensor suite, new sensor array design, and novel p-SiAlCN film coating on the MEMS will enable the MASS to realize in-situ real-time, fail-safe engine control and diagnostics. As a result, this system offers at least 25% cost and 20% weight reductions, and is reliable, capable of surviving the harsh engine environment, as well as self-calibrating and self-diagnosing, all of which directly address the Navy JSP-Pro, PMA- 261 H-53, and PDBM requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MASS with a conceptual design using the IEEE 1451.4 Standard and a prototype demonstration. In Phase II, POC plans to develop the system architecture, sensor suite, wiring, and algorithms, and to develop an engineering prototype and demonstrate the prototype''s ability to detect faults and provide the high-fidelity information necessary for engine control.

Sheet Dynamics, Limited
1775 Mentor Avenue Suite 302
Cincinnati, OH 45212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 631-0579
Richard Roth
N101-013      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Low Cost, Dual Purpose Engine Control and Diagnostic Sensors
Abstract:SDL proposes to develop an integrated suite of sensors utilizing a new sensing approach that is applicable to temperature, strain, pressure and vibration measurement. This new class of sensors is extremely simple and robust, and able to make highly reliable measurements in extremely harsh and inaccessible environments. The sensor is also a smart sensor, with inherent performance verification capability.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
James McConnell
N101-014      Awarded:4/6/2010
Title:High Gain Array of Velocity Sensors
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences as the prime contractor and Undersea Sensor Systems, Inc. as the subcontractor propose an innovative approach to develop an air-deployed sonobuoy system having an array gain of at least 24 dB. The approach involves an array of subminiature vector sensors coupled to sophisticated in-buoy signal processing algorithms designed to provide the requisite data compression so that the bandwidth of the telemetry up- link is not compromised. The proposed effort comprises a series of analytical and numerical evaluations and trade studies that will culminate into a notional sonobuoy system at the end of the Phase I effort.

Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
65 West Street Road Building C
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
Roger Holler
N101-014      Awarded:4/6/2010
Title:High Gain Array of Velocity Sensors
Abstract:Improvements in the noise quieting of submarines have reduced the effectiveness of passive sonobuoys in Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), causing greater emphasis on active acoustics. However, a sonobuoy with array gain of 24 dB would be a useful asset in the Navy’s airborne ASW capability. Using velocity sensors can reduce the number of array sensor nodes over omnidirectional hydrophones and reduce the array aperture, needed to provide this much gain in an A-size sonobuoy. Maximum gain is achieved in the real world noise environment, where discrimination against vertical wind-wave noise will improve array performance. The acoustic frequency and array gain will define the array geometry. The large array provides a challenge to package the array in A-size, to deploy it, and maintain the array geometry over the life of the buoy. The Phase I effort will determine the feasibility of developing an innovative free floating high gain array of small inexpensive velocity sensors that can provide over 24dB gain, demonstrate innovative packaging and deployment concepts for the array in an A-size sonobuoy design, evaluate the performance of candidate arrays in realistic noise fields, through modeling, and to select the array design for fabrication and testing in Phase II.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Luke Belfie
N101-014      Awarded:4/6/2010
Title:High Gain Array of Velocity Sensors
Abstract:Most production sonobuoys are packaged in air-deployable, A-sized housings and are used as free-floating passive acoustic sensors. They provide good detection capability in a wide range of noise and threat conditions, but there are noise environments where improved detection capability is desirable. To provide the improved detection, new designs are needed that take advantage of velocity or vector sensor elements, line arrays, and enhanced processing to provide the capability of array gains of at least 24 dB for a variety of noise and threat environments. This new sonobuoy should have the capability to operate in both shallow and deep water. Due to the high array gain that is required, a limited bandwidth of 500 to 1000 Hz will be considered. SeaLandAire proposes a line array of compass-corrected vector sensor elements as a baseline design to achieve a gain of 24 dB. The baseline design uses an existing miniature DIFAR hydrophone design for the sensing elements. Trade studies will be conducted in Phase I to evolve the baseline design to optimize performance. Beamforming will play a pivotal role in the trade studies. Trade parameters include; cost, packaging volume, number of elements, reliability, array length, power, deployment, array angle, etc.

ACTA Incorporated
2790 Skypark Drive, Suite 310
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1008
Timothy Hasselman
N101-015      Awarded:4/1/2010
Title:Structural Dynamic Modeling Tool for Virtual Vibration Testing Of External Stores
Abstract:ACTA proposes a SBIR Phase I project to develop an accurate structural dynamic modeling tool for virtual vibration testing of external stores. The goal is to develop a structural dynamics modeling tool which will provide an accurate physics-based solution for predicting non-linear vibration response, and employ the modeling tool for conducting “virtual” vibration testing. This requires a thorough understanding of the relevant physics, the critical technical issues involved, and the resources available to model the physics and address these issues. The proposed technical approach will (1) enable analysis of laboratory test configuration(s) for comparison with “real world” store/aircraft systems and their dynamic environments, (2) facilitate the “tuning” of laboratory test configurations to more accurately represent the physics and service environments of “real world” store/aircraft systems, and (3) enable the “virtual vibration testing” of external stores that have received minor modifications relative to stores that previously have undergone successful vibration testing in the laboratory.

M4 Engineering, Inc.
4020 Long Beach Blvd
Long Beach, CA 90807
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 981-7797
Kevin Roughen
N101-015      Awarded:3/31/2010
Title:Virtual Vibration Testing Of External Stores
Abstract:M4 Engineering proposes to develop a method for simulating store vibration response. This method will combine model reduction methods for the linear portion of the store models with nonlinear representations of joints and other nonlinear components. This development will result in simulation software that is capable of predicting nonlinear dynamic response using significantly fewer resources than conventional methods. The proposed technique will be an excellent compliment to modern test and analysis methods.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8373
Gerald Andersen
N101-015      Awarded:4/1/2010
Title:Virtual Vibration Testing of External Stores
Abstract:The difficulty in developing system identification and synthesis methodologies that are valid for broad classes of dynamical systems is due to the well-recognized highly individualistic nature of nonlinear systems which restricts the unifying dynamical features that are amenable to this process. Our proposed technique relies solely on direct time series measurement and post processing, and leads to global as well as local identification of a broad class of dynamical systems. Key to our method is the slow/fast partition of time series measurements which leads to the identification of the dominant fast frequencies in the measured time series (which ultimately govern the dimensionality of the dynamics), to identification of global features of the dynamics in the frequency – energy domain, and to reduced slow flow models. We employ advanced post processing computational algorithms, namely, wavelet transform (WT), Hilbert transform (HT) and empirical mode decomposition (EMD) unified by a solid theoretical framework. Our technique successfully integrates analytical concepts and computational algorithms in a synergistic methodology.

Comtech Communication
100 Hogan Point Rd
Hilton, NY 14468
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 392-8299
Jeffrey Gutterman
N101-016      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:Compact Bidirectional Acoustic Airflow Meter for Aviation Applications (CBAAM)
Abstract:The Comtech Bidirectional Acoustic Air Meter uses tuned piezoelectric transducers to send pulse trains of approximately 250 cycles of ultrasonic (40-100 kHz, typ.) acoustic energy diagonally across the air stream. Every ~10 ms, the transducers change roles and send the same acoustic energy in the opposite direction, defined as “upstream” and “downstream”. We precisely measure the phase shift between the sender and receiver in both directions. If there is no air flow, the upstream and downstream phase shifts are identical. If there is flow, the upstream phase shift will be slightly longer than the downstream and vice versa. Air velocity is determined using the difference between the two phase shifts. Air temperature is determined from the average of the two phase shifts. Air pressure information is measured independently with a pressure sensor as the speed of sound is virtually independent of ambient pressure. For a known cross sectional area, mass air flow is calculated every ~10 ms by combining the velocity, temperature and pressure information. High resolution is obtained by averaging the phase readings (~100) during each 10 ms reading cycle. Since acoustic energy is sent in both directions, reverse flows and temperatures can be measured with equal resolution.

Spectral Energies, LLC
5100 Springfield Street Suite 301
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 256-7733
Sivaram Gogineni
N101-016      Awarded:4/20/2010
Title:Novel Polymer Derived Ceramic Thermal Anemometer for Gas Turbine Coolant Bleed Flow Rate Measurement
Abstract:As current gas turbine engines operate with hot gas temperatures well beyond the melting temperatures of the materials used within the machine, cooling of these components is a crucial aspect of engine performance. In flight knowledge of the levels of coolant air bled from the compressor serve multiple purposes; including aiding in situational awareness & assessing maximum engine capabilities, as well as improved maintenance planning. The open literature has also detailed the potential performance benefits associated with reduced coolant usage, which may only be possible through accurate monitoring. Although technologies currently exist to allow these measurements, they are not optimal solutions for in-flight measurements; especially considering the harsh conditions such a sensor would be exposed to. Additionally, as bio-fuels for aviation become more prevalent, knowledge of engine performance becomes even more critical. In this project proposed by Spectral Energies, LLC in partnership with University of Central Florida (UCF), a novel polymer derived ceramic (PDC) thermal anemometer sensor, similar in operation to a conventional hot wire anemometer, will be designed and developed. As this breakthrough in material technology has already shown feasibility for sensor design in the gas turbine hot gas path, it will serve as an optimal solution for this flow measurement issue; providing an accurate, robust, fast response, light weight sensor for in flight measurements. Several benefits are immediately realized from the PDC, including resistance to thermal, structural, and abrasive failures, as well as ease of implementation. In addition, collaboration with UCF provides Spectral Energies with a multi-disciplinary team, experienced with PDC’s and flow measurements, helping to transition the proposed technologies to the commercial sector.

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Kevin Harsh
N101-016      Awarded:4/20/2010
Title:A Small, Rugged, Accurate Bleed Flow Measurement System Based on a Novel Polymer Derived Ceramic MEMS technology.
Abstract:Modern weapon systems are being developed with real-time power available calculation and feedback capability for improved situational awareness. Bleed flow has a significant impact on the accuracy of these calculations, and currently fielded turbine engines have either no measurement capability or employ Venturi systems which are heavy, expensive, and suboptimal for high volume flows. Thus there is a need for a small, lightweight, low cost turbine engine compressor discharge bleed flow measurement system capable of efficient, in-situ, real-time measurement for high volume bleed flow applications. Accurate measurements of these bleed flows will enable accurate calculation of current power available, improving safety as well as optimizing mission planning and maintenance. Technical challenges for developing sensors for turbine engine applications lie in that the sensors have to survive extremely harsh working conditions, including high temperatures, elevated pressures, and corrosive/erosive environments. The objective of this proposed work is to develop small, low cost turbine engine compressor discharge bleed flow measurement system based on Sporian Microsystems proprietary silicon carbide nitride (SiCN) MEMS technology. Phase I work tasks will include: working with turbine engine OEMS to define requirements, sensor design evaluation, associated packaging design evaluation, and proof of principle feasibility testing.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Bradley Short
N101-017      Awarded:5/13/2010
Title:Miniature Laser Designator for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Abstract:Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc. (ASC) has developed 3D Flash LIDAR range finding cameras based on its patented 3DFPA technology and is producing high powered compact diode pumped lasers for Flash LIDAR. The purpose of the proposed Phase I SBIR is to develop a 30mJ 1.064 laser designator and 3D tracking sensor that will be compact and fit into a light weight 5" gimbal. Flash LIDAR Cameras (FLC) are 3D vision systems that return range and intensity information for each pixel in the Focal Plane Array (FPA) simultaneously in real time. ASC’s 128x128 3D array FLC has the equivalent of 16,000 range finders on a single FPA which allows the sensor to act as a 3D video camera with enhanced functionality and value well beyond range finding. ASC is proposing in this Phase I effort to develop a more compact higher efficiency laser designator system. ASC will demonstrate the feasibility of a miniature laser and 3D tracking sensor that meets the size weight and power (SWAP) goals as outlined in this solicitation. In Phase II, ASC will produce and tests a prototype UAV laser designation system.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-6500
Geoffrey Burnham
N101-017      Awarded:5/13/2010
Title:Micro Gimbal with Gradient Index Lens Technology
Abstract:Building on our experience in fiber lens array beam steering, gradient index optical component design and fabrication, and high quality precise optical system design, AGILTRON proposes to produce an micro gimbal with gradient index lens technology. It includes four key optical modules: (1) precise pointing module; (2) coarse pointing module; (3) angle magnifier module; and (4) laser designator module. The precise pointing module is able to point the light beam to any direction within a small field of view (SFOV) with high accuracy and up to 1kHz rejection bandwidth. The coarse pointing module is made of micro gradient index lens arrays. It controls the SFOV¡¦s central direction within a big field of view (FOV) of up to 26„a cone angle. The angle magnifier module further increases the working FOV to 130„a cone angle. With this micro gimbal, Agiltron in cooperation with Fibertek will develop a miniature laser designator system that meets all the requirements of this application. In the Phase I program, a detailed analysis of the configuration, key part design and feedback loop models will be carried out, supporting experiments and a functional demonstration prototype will be conducted.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
N101-017      Awarded:5/13/2010
Title:Miniature Laser Designator for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Abstract:SA Photonics is pleased to propose the development plan for our FALCON Miniature Laser Designator (MLD) for small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Laser designators have been successfully fielded on large UAVs such as Global Hawk and Predator, but the large size, weight, and power of these designators far exceeds the payload capacity of small UAVs such as the ScanEagle. SA Photonics has addressed these size, weight, and power issues by integrating novel SA Photonics devices and technologies with small, power-efficient components to yield the FALCON MLD system applicable to small UAVs. The FALCON MLD will use a compact, highly efficient solid state laser for the small-UAV application. The FALCON MLD’s inertially stabilized beam steering mechanism can paint targets in a hemispherical coverage range to minimize restrictions on UAV orientation and motion. A high-sensitivity day/night image sensor provides video for remote target selection and on- board target tracking. Target tracking and laser-camera alignment are actively controlled using on-board sensing and control, which minimizes operator effort and maximizes the designator’s accuracy. The proposed MLD incorporates our fiber-optic gyro (FOG) technology and expertise with high-power lasers, low-light cameras, and high-performance control systems to provide the military cutting-edge capabilities for laser designation from small UAVs.

CornerTurn LLC
423 Jenks Circle Suite 101
Corona, CA 92880
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 256-4208
Michael Cox
N101-018      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:MH-60R Sonar NiCad Battery Reliability Improvement
Abstract:This proposed effort will modify the NiCd Battery Pack used in the MH-60R AQS-22 Transducer to insure that Battery Pack failures are not the reason for excessive Transducer replacements during the operational life of the AQS-22 Sonar. The design strategy is to add monitoring circuitry to the system that monitors and controls the charging and discharging of each individual cell within the battery pack without impacting the present interface to the existing Transducer electronics. These modifications will extend the number of charge/discharge cycles achievable with the NiCd Battery Pack to the levels achievable with properly monitored, individual NiCd battery cells.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Bruce Pilvelait
N101-018      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Systemic Reliability Improvements for Rechargeable NiCD Battery Packs
Abstract:Nickel Cadmium (NiCD) batteries have long been one of the best rechargeable battery chemistries due to high reliability and excellent energy density, especially for low voltage commercial products requiring a small number of series connected cells. For larger packs that require higher voltages and more series connected cells, and which must tolerate harsh conditions such as wide operating temperatures found in military equipment, reduced reliability and life expectancy become problems. Whereas low cost commercial products cannot justify investment in reliability improvements or sophisticated Battery Management Systems (BMS), mission critical military, biomedical, and space applications can benefit from this effort. We propose to determine the feasibility of developing methods for improving battery life expectancy and prediction accuracy by: (1) identifying improvements in product manufacturing methods and materials, and (2) developing a BMS which will improve energy density, reliability, and life expectancy. During Phase I our team will evaluate NiCD manufacturing processes and recommend improvements to be evaluated during Phase II, and develop a prototype BMS which can be used both for real time operation as well as quantifying performance improvements. During Phase II we will complete development and conduct field testing to evaluate these innovations with our commercialization partners.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Ronald Carlsten
N101-018      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:MH-60R Sonar NiCad Battery Reliability Improvement
Abstract:Ridgetop’s innovative solution will improve the dependability and reliability of the battery system through monitoring and balancing the state-of-charge of the individual cells within the battery pack. This innovation will significantly reduce maintenance and unnecessary battery pack replacement costs for critical military applications. The primary reliability problem with battery packs can be traced to differences in the individual cells comprising the battery. Normally, only the aggregate overall voltage of the battery pack is measured, but the individual degraded cell is not isolated. In that case, no anomaly may be detected, but usage time can be greatly diminished. To avoid this problem, battery packs are routinely replaced even though they don’t exhibit any problems. This is a very costly procedure. Ridgetop Group will design an innovative application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC)-based solution that will monitor and control the charging of each cell in a 20-cell series-connected battery pack. The Intelligent Control Module ASIC will also provide important prognostic and usage/lifetime feedback to the user and maintenance personnel.

Chesapeake Technology International Corporation
44427 Airport Road, Suite 100
California, MD 20619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 488-2726
Dustan Hellwig
N101-019      Awarded:4/27/2010
Title:Algorithms for Dynamic 4D (3D space with time) Volumetric Calculations and Analysis
Abstract:CTI’s proposed solution for the Algorithms for Dynamic 4D (3D space with time) Volumetric Calculations and Analysis SBIR program provides a complete planning and visualization environment while focusing on and improving critical technical areas such as advanced protected entity and electronic attack platform auto-routing, jammer acceptability region (JAR) computation optimization in dense, complex environments, 3-D and 4-D result visualization, application scalability, and incorporation of modern networked and asymmetric threats. To provide this solution, CTI will leverage existing low-observable auto-routing and visualization software developed by AeroMech Engineering (AME) as part of their overall SharkFin product suite. CTI will provide the Electronic Warfare (EW) expertise required to extend AME’s application environment to include the required computations, visualizations, and algorithms. AME will use this information to augment SharkFin’s existing capabilities to create a scalable, extensible EW planning tool for the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) and other EW strike and support aircraft. CTI will also use their experience with modern advanced threat environments and systems to extend the existing JAR computational models to accommodate a variety of threat capabilities and instantiations. the product of which will be positioned for incorporation into current and emerging mission planning environments such as JMPS and JTAS.

Inkographics
7925 Romaine Street suite 306
West Hollywood, CA 90046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(323) 356-5314
Simon Latyshev
N101-019      Awarded:4/27/2010
Title:Algorithms for Dynamic 4D (3D space with time) Volumetric Calculations and Analysis
Abstract:Inkographics will develop an algorithm for generating optimal flight paths for two aircraft (protected entity and jammer asset) over terrain with known threat emitters, and implement it in software. This algorithm utilizes a hybrid approach to path generation, borrowing from both reactive and deliberative motion planning techniques. It runs in two stages, defining safe corridor volumes for each aircraft first, and then computing optimal trajectories within these corridors. The safe corridors are generated solving a constrained motion problem, where constraints are derived from flight characteristics/ aircraft dynamics, alignment geometries of aircraft, threat emitter locations and characteristics, and terrain features. Each next set of waypoints is generated with the use of a cost function. At the core of this path-planning algorithm are volumetric calculations such as intersection of jammer acceptability regions with safe corridor segments, as well as the technique for rollback and path branching. These two key components bound runtime performance of the algorithm. The proposed hardware/software architecture is designed in consideration of the defined restriction on runtime performance. The proposed modeling, simulation, visualization, and analysis software provides high-quality 3D visualization as well as playback and interactive capabilities.

Tucker Innovations
8525 Broxburn Lane
Waxhaw, NC 28173
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 843-4026
Tommy Tucker
N101-019      Awarded:4/27/2010
Title:Algorithms for Dynamic 4D (3D space with time) Volumetric Calculations and Analysis
Abstract:The Navy is seeking a solution for determining flight paths for electronic jamming aircraft to protect primary mission aircraft as they pass through threat detection areas. This problem is 4D in nature where the flight paths, threat volumes, and protection volumes interplay in 3D space and changes over time as the aircraft move along their trajectories. This proposal sets the mathematical foundations of the problem and defines a solution in along these terms. A numerical solution for determining optimal flight paths is presented along a with a rough assessment of the potential performance of this algorithm. Novel solutions for handling terrain and other aspects using computer graphics and 3D gaming research are included.

Applied Radar, Inc.
210 Airport Street Quonset Point
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
William Weedon
N101-020      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Wideband Multi-Channel AESA Manifolds
Abstract:Multi-channel array manifolds are required for wideband AESA applications. In modern solid-state AESA arrays, MMIC-based T/R modules generally utilize digitally-controlled phased shifters to steer the beam on transmit and receive. The given phase value is only accurate at one frequency, and so for wide bandwidths of several hundred MHz (at X-band for example), the beam does not get formed properly and significant dispersion is encountered, particularly at wide scan angles. This may be avoided by using multiple frequency-overlapped pulses, where the MMIC phase shifters are adjusted for the different frequency pulses, and combined digitally. Alternately, time-delay compensation may be used in a multi-beam system such as a Rotman lens or a Blass matrix. Monopulse sum/difference processing may also be replaced with multi-beam processing in this case. Such a beamforming network may be readily implemented in stripline circuitry, and Applied Radar has both the design tools and experience to implement such a design. Applied Radar recently implemented a 3x8 Blass matrix at X-band, which may be used as the basis for this design. Combining the beamformer manifold outputs into a switch matrix fed to three parallel receivers is also readily accomplished. Applied Radar proposes to design the multi-channel wideband AESA manifold in Phase I, and build and test a prototype in Phase II.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
N101-020      Awarded:4/23/2010
Title:Multi-Channel Wideband Antenna Array Manifolds
Abstract:The FIRST RF approach to multi-channel phased array antennas proposed for this Phase I program uses an innovative application of multiplexing techniques traditionally used in communication networks in order to simultaneously perform RF analog beamforming of multiple channels on a single RF manifold. The proposed method is scalable to a large number of simultaneous channels, and is independent of both the radiating aperture and the radar waveform for modular implementation. The multiplexing network can be readily designed to integrate into FIRST RF’s low cost phased array architecture, opening avenues for rapid transition into other development programs for electronic warfare and communications applications, in addition to radar. The phase I program will demonstrate a small array with simultaneous sum and difference beams at C-band using off-the-shelf components, and define an optimal architecture that can be implemented using customized components at X-band during Phase II. The hardware demonstration during Phase I will demonstrate not only the viability of the technical approach, but also the lost-cost and manufacturable nature of the FIRST RF techniques by completing the demonstration with the limited budget and schedule constraints of a Phase I SBIR.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 202
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 213-5579
Sidney Theis
N101-020      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Multi-Channel Wideband Antenna Array Manifolds
Abstract:RDRTec Inc. proposes to develop and prove the feasibility of an adaptive multi-channel phased array manifold that reconfigures by radar mode for optimum performance. The emphasis will be on candidate multi-mode X or C-band radars with phased arrays that support modes with both high and low bandwidth requirements. High bandwidth modes include Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR), and High Range Resolution (HRR). Relatively low bandwidth modes include Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI), Maritime Moving Target Indicator (MMTI), Air-to-Air (AA) and Sense and Avoid (SAA) modes. The target initial transition platform is the Fire Scout but the lessons learned may impact other future Navy ISR radars.

Advanced Avionics Incorporated
607 G Louis Drive
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 441-0449
David Hammond
N101-021      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Innovative Structures for Sonobuoy Applications
Abstract:This proposal seeks to investigate the use of innovative structures to improve the performance of sonobuoy hydrophone arrays. In addition, AAI plans to develop novel simulation and testing techniques to fully characterize current array designs and investigate new classes of array designs.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Brian Montague
N101-021      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Innovative Structures for Sonobuoy Applications
Abstract:Problem: Present sonobuoys such as the AN/SSQ-101 ADAR were designed for “standard” blue water ocean conditions using a highly idealized 90% current profile, with designs checked in simulation. As such, the sonobuoys do not perform optimally in all oceanographic conditions; for example, complex current shears cause the ADAR array to develop unacceptable tilt angles and kite up to shallower depths outside the specification. Opportunity: In complex littoral environments it would be a significant improvement for the ADAR sonobuoy suspension to adapt itself to the present environmental conditions and situation-dependent mission objectives, thereby ensuring its full uncompromised potential is realized in more scenarios. SeaLandAire proposes an innovative, adaptable suspension system which would provide significant hydrodynamic performance advantages over the present ADAR design and offer potential widespread application in other free-drifting acoustic sensors. The addition of the Adaptable Element for Suspension OPtimization (AESOP) to the present ADAR would minimize the array tilt and kiting problems in situ as well as allow buoy field integrity management. The challenge, though, is to adjust the AESOP properly for non-standard flow conditions with minimal impact to the packaging, deployment, and acoustic performance of the existing A-size ADAR system.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
N101-021      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Innovative Structures for Sonobuoy Applications(1001-503)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to develop a sonobuoy structure with vastly reduced sea state driven motion. Motion and tilting of sonobuoy acoustic sensor arrays can negatively impact sensor acoustic detection and localization performance. The Triton system will integrate into an ‘A’ size sonobuoy and maintain the reliability and robustness of current systems. In Phase I Triton will develop the design concept and evaluate component and system feasibility and performance.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C.J.Reddy
N101-022      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Antenna Placement Optimization on Large, Airborne, Naval Platforms
Abstract:Antenna placement on electrically large aircraft bodies is becoming a critical issue. Use of full-wave solvers to assess the on-platform performance of an antenna or the interaction between two antennas is impractical, both in terms of computing resources required and length of execution time. The next best choice is to use a high-frequency code. To address this issue, Applied EM is developing state of the art UTD (Uniform Theory of Diffraction) code for faceted CAD geometries. Although not as accurate as full-wave codes, high- frequency codes require modest computer resources and are faster than full-wave codes. In a serial mode, however, even these codes can take substantial time to execute depending on platform size and complexity. During this SBIR, Applied EM and its team members are proposing porting of already developed UTD code to both CPU and GPU-based parallel environments for the purpose of greatly accelerating the performance. We will identify bottlenecks in current algorithms and target them for posting during Phase I. We will also identify existing algorithms that may be problematic in transferring to a parallel environment and suggest modifications. During Phase II, we plan to develop a commercial grade GPU based UTD code that will be commercialized.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 363-3396
Tod Courtney
N101-022      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Antenna Placement Optimization on Large, Airborne, Naval Platforms
Abstract:Modern naval aircraft can be large in dimensions and may carry a large number of antennas. For many of these systems, the surface area of the platform is in the tens of thousands of square wavelengths. In this case, the use of full-wave solvers to assess the on-platform performance of an antenna or the interaction between two antennas is impractical, both in terms of computing resources required and length of execution time. The best choice is to use a high-frequency code, which provides an approximate solution but requires modest computer resources and tends to be highly parallelizable. However, even high-frequency codes can take substantial time to execute depending on platform size and complexity. During this project, we propose to investigate multiple hardware-based parallelization strategies for our high-frequency computational electromagnetics code. The parallelization strategies will target different types of commercially available parallel processing hardware, including computer clusters and graphics processors.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 202
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 213-5579
Sidney Theis
N101-023      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Processor Architectures for Multi-Mode Multi-Sensor Signal Processing
Abstract:RDRTec Inc. proposes to develop and test innovative processor architectures for ship classification and Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) for both stand-alone Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) images and fusion with simultaneous EO/IR sensor images when available.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Kevin Sullivan
N101-023      Awarded:4/30/2010
Title:Processor Architectures for Multi-Mode Multi-Sensor Signal Processing
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a sensor resource manager that will allow an AESA radar to be more successful at using its energy to detect, locate, and identify targets. The sensor manager will utilize a model of the AESA radar and its signal processing functions to select sensor schedules that maximize mission effectiveness. We will work with the Navy to select a system of interest, such as the Fire Scout UAV, which is an ideal candidate in our view. We will work with the developer of the selected AESA radar to quantify the possible modes and waveforms that can be produced by the radar as well as the expected information that can be obtained by the signal processing algorithms. Our algorithms will use this information to compute effective sensor schedules by examining a large number of candidates. The computing resources required to pick the best schedule are potentially enormous for real time operation, thus we will explore the use of different processing architectures for performing our computations. We will analyze the potential use of CPU, GPU, and FPGA processors for this application. In Phase I, we will demonstrate our approach using a CPU, but in a Phase II effort, we will implement our algorithms in the processor selected as a result of the Phase I analysis.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-6273
Matthew Watson
N101-024      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Total Rotorcraft Utility Winch (TRUW) Gearbox PHM
Abstract:Impact Technologies, with support from multiple helicopter system OEMs, proposes to develop a universal, low-power, modular, wireless-capable system that can monitor the condition of winch components. The system will utilize a limited number of digital smart sensors to collect necessary data and autonomously generate and display the remaining service life, current health state, and failure mode classification (if detected). Multiple sensed parameters (vibration, oil quality & debris, and temperature) will be collected with a minimal suite of existing sensors to provide comprehensive failure mode coverage. Using proven methods with low technical risk, Impact proposes to integrate the results of the winch PHM system into existing HUMS systems, allowing integration of winch specific information into established maintenance and logistic procedures. The program is innovative in its combination of new analysis/modeling methods, proven digital smart sensors, of which many have been successfully implemented by the authors in previous machinery health management programs, data fusion, and wireless architecture design. Ultimately, the outcome will be a modular and robust monitoring system that can be readily configured and deployed to monitor the condition of any winch or hoist system to maximize operational efficiency, increase safety, and reduce costs.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Naibing Ma
N101-024      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:MEMS-Based Intelligent Gearbox Condition Monitoring System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a system capable of winch gearbox prognostics and health management, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new MEMS-Based Intelligent Gearbox Condition Monitoring (MIGCOM) system. This proposed MIGCOM system is based on multisensor data fusion and a model-based prognostic algorithm. The innovation in the new design of wireless MEMS sensors, novel hard coating on MEMS, and new design of model-based prognostic software will enable the MIGCOM to realize wireless reliable prediction of the remaining life of a winch gearbox. This system thus offers small size, low cost, light weight, and capability to survive the harsh maritime environment, which directly addresses the Navy PMA-299, H-60 Helicopter, and Sea Shield acquisition program requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MIGCOM by developing the system design and analyzing its functionality and suitability for relevant aircraft environments. In Phase II, POC plans to design, develop, and validate the MIGCOM system; conduct performance and qualification-type tests with and without preplanned failure modes to verify that the system developed in Phase I accurately identifies failure causes/modes; and evaluate and modify the design to address the results of testing.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5236
Chujen Lin
N101-025      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:Improved Antisubmarine Warfare (ASW) Sonobuoy Location Technique in a Denied Global Positioning System (GPS) Environment
Abstract:Sonobuoy constitutes a key sensory component in modern anti-submarine warfare (ASW) by performing crucial tasks such as reconnaissance under water using sonar. In order to obtain accurate information about the location of possible submarines, it is necessary to know the position of these sonobuoys at all times. However, in GPS-denied situations, alternate methods are necessary to localize the sonobuoys for extended periods of time on the scale of 8-12 hrs at a stretch. As TDOA/AOA based approaches provide fairly large positioning error, IAI propose to investigate RF ranging techniques for sonobuoy positioning system in conjunction with buoy drift model analysis.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3402
Jeff Holder
N101-025      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:An Adaptive Sonobuoy Location System Using Precision Time and Frequency
Abstract:Propagation Research Associates, Inc., teamed with Ultra Electronics UnderSea Sensor Systems Inc., with support from Boeing Integrated Defense Systems proposes to design and assess the performance of a Sonobuoy Location System (SLS) that implements the latest digital synchronization technology to align uplink and downlink signals. Current digital synchronizer technology will allow the PRA SLS to detect and measure low Doppler signatures that will be expected from the relative velocities between the patrol aircraft and the deployed sonobuoys. This digital technology will allow PRA to modify waveforms to adapt system performance based on operational sensitivity requirements. PRA will design and evaluate two SLS concepts - one that uses a two-way downlink/uplink and a combination of range/Doppler measurements made on the aircraft, and another that uses a one-way downlink and a combination of time-difference-of-arrival/frequency-difference-of-arrival measurements made on the sonobuoy and communicated to the patrol aircraft on existing communication channels. The objectives of this effort are to achieve required sonobuoy track accuracies while operating at any altitude, utilize as much of the existing SLS hardware and infrastructure as possible, minimize the impact of new hardware on the existing system, mitigate the effect of radio frequency interference and 5) maintain a cost effective solution.

SensorCom, Inc.
1 Park Place Suite 300
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 571-9425
Nate Rivera
N101-025      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:Improved Antisubmarine Warfare (ASW) Sonobuoy Location Technique in a Denied Global Positioning System (GPS) Environment
Abstract:The basic objectives of Phase I of this SBIR are to identify and define a positioning system for sonobuoys deployed, and possibly drifting, in the ocean and to develop an engineering model that can be used to analyze the expected performance of the selected approach. This proposal deals with geo-location techniques based on observing signals transmitted from the sonobuoy.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2080
Tom Deiters
N101-026      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Multi-Axis Vibration Mitigation and Habitability Improvement for Seated Occupants
Abstract:A continuous wave cushion with dynamic stiffness properties tuned to mitigate harmful/uncomfortable E-2C aircraft vibration is proposed as an innovative solution for improving pilot/operator ability to conduct long missions without numbness and pain in the back and legs. Review of literature pertinent to back pain associated with the E-2C and interviews with Navy physiologists familiar with the E-2C suggest that the main contributor to the back, neck, and leg pain is the duration of time for which aviators are seated. The proposed solution has been shown to dramatically improve circulation in body/seat contact areas where seated pressure can occlude normal capillary blood flow and induce pain. In addition to the vibration attenuation and circulatory enhancement that it will provide, it will also incorporate features for reducing body contact pressure points in the seat bottom and back cushions, relief of off-axis gravity forces that apply continuous lateral load to the aviator’s body when flying nose-up, and improved support for aircrew arms and feet. The optimum embodiment of this novel cushion taking into account vibration, ergonomics, posture, weight, mission equipment, reliability, ease of implementation, and effectiveness will be defined by a design specification that will be developed early in Phase I.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Stanley Desjardins
N101-026      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Multi-Axis Vibration Mitigation and Habitability Improvement for Seated Occupants
Abstract:Propeller-driven aircraft produce vibrations that have a deleterious and potentially harmful effect to people exposed to their operational environment for extended durations. The E-2C aircraft has a high vibration environment, long duration missions, and a seat that produces impingements and “hot spots”, making the aircraft particularly dangerous and uncomfortable for occupants. A new propeller design has been marginally successful at reducing the blade passage frequency vibrations, but the propeller rotation frequency vibrations and seat comfort remain less than desirable. Previous studies have shown that incorporating various seat cushions has a beneficial effect at reducing seat vibrations in a single axis, but they have poor performance in multi-axis vibration environments. Safe, Inc. proposes a novel seat architecture that implements both passive and active components to achieve the desired multi-directional shock and vibration protection and the sought after improvements in seat ergonomics. The proposed seat design will meet the requirements for all five seating positions of interest in E-2C.

Techshot, Inc.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Tony Shulthise
N101-026      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Multi-Axis Vibration Mitigation and Habitability Improvement for Seated Occupants
Abstract:Techshot’s ideal solution for a multi axis vibration damping insert (MVDI) will provide the Navy with a functional system to reduce crew member fatigue and injuries due to mid to high frequency propeller vibrations transmitted through the current seat cushion as well as reduction of hot spots created by pressure points induced by the seat cushion. The MVDI mitigated shock and vibration by isolating the pilot’s seat and back from the E-2C seat using state of the art vibration isolation systems. The system is expected to add less than five pounds to the weight of the current seating system. It is a reliable design requiring no additional electrical support or seat or aircraft modifications. It is anticipated that the system will eliminate at least 90% of the vibration transmitted through the current seating system. Implementation of the MVDI system does not require aircraft modifications or requalification of the seating system.

Analysis, Integration and Design
1600 Sarno Rd. Suite #208
Melbourne, FL 32935
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 253-9919
Tim Winquist
N101-027      Awarded:4/20/2010
Title:Formalizing Accommodation of Transitory Path Intrinsic Characteristics
Abstract:Today’s resource connection technologies, mechanisms, and provisioning implemented in test station architectures are deficient in commonality that offers transparency in application functionality aspects. The breadth of path determination hardware and controlling software available for incorporation in test stations is often unique, proprietary, and available only through sole suppliers. Although the architectural flexibility obtained using these various manifestations can provide robust functionality, it also creates barriers when inevitable obsolescence is confronted. Exacerbating the hardware commonality problems is a distinct lack of software models, technologies, or abstractions enabled to alleviate incompatibilities encountered when approaching obsolescence mitigation. Another observation concerning path connection software found in the majority, if not all, automatic test equipment is that it generalizes connections as simply committing connection or releasing connection commitment. Current path connection software technologies do not demand any technical specification of the connection characteristics. Dealing with connection facilities in this oversimplified manner essentially demands applications adhering to it imply knowledge of how to use facilities needed without stating what is needed. Predictably when obsolescence occurs the applications must be altered to accommodate the replacement facility’s interaction methodologies. This proposal addresses feasibility of alleviating these and other connection issues incurred in existing test station implementations.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
N101-027      Awarded:4/20/2010
Title:Parallel Emulating Switching Topology Management and Embedding
Abstract:To address the Navy PMA-260 need for universal switching solutions for automated test systems (ATSs), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Parallel Emulating Switching TOpology MANagement and Embedding (PETOMANE) System. This proposed system is based on a solid-state, hybrid four-wire crossbar (matrix) switch design, graph theoretic test procedure decomposition (routing), and test-procedure-to-script compilation (mapping). The innovation in switch architecture will enable the PETOMANE system to automate the DoD ATS configuration process, thereby eliminating error-prone and time-consuming manual hardwiring and configuration from the testing process. In support of this, PETOMANE offers fast reconfiguration (a few milliseconds or less), can mimic any switch configuration, and supports four-wire operation, enabling ultra-precise measurements of a few micro-ohms, which directly meets the PMA-260 requirements for a universal switching architecture for ATS devices. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of PETOMANE by fabricating a small-scale prototype switch, test porting software application, and switch management software, yielding a TRL-4 prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to expand the hardware architecture and extend and optimize the software routines. We will work with the TPOC and end users to identify a suitable ATS system, and will integrate the PETOMANE with this system.

Cascade Technologies Incorporated
2445 Faber Place #100
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 521-0243
Shoreh Hajiloo
N101-028      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Computational Characterization of Aeroengine Combustor/Augmentor Fuel Injectors
Abstract:Liquid fuel injected into combustors has to undergo atomization in order to increase the available fuel surface area for fast evaporation, mixing, and subsequent combustion. Experimental access to the atomization region in realistic fuel injectors is limited. Recent advances in numerical methods and available computational power have made it possible to study the atomization process by detailed numerical simulations. This addresses the shortcomings of the experiments. The break-up is simply part of the solution of the governing Navier-Stokes equations. Using full detailed simulations as an industrial design tool, is at least two decades away. An intermediate step is to introduce physical models for sub- processes of atomization. The approach we have been pursuing successfully , is not to resolve liquid spray droplets below a certain threshold, but instead to model them using well established Lagrangian point particle/parcel approaches. Using Cascade Technologies’ current computational tools, such simulations are viable today. They are still expensive for industrial applications intended. The goal of this proposal is to further reduce the overall computational cost of these simulations by an additional factor of 5. This would allow simulations of a realistic augmentor to be competed within 3 days by the end of 2010.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4831
Shiladitya Mukherjee
N101-028      Awarded:5/14/2010
Title:Advanced Multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) for Modeling Fuel Injector Atomization in Aeroengine Combustors and Augmentors
Abstract:High fidelity, advanced multiphase models that capture details of the fuel-air interface evolution are essential to accurate prediction of fuel injection processes. Such simulations can lead to more accurate models or simulation capabilities to be used in design of aeroengine combustors and augmentors. In this SBIR program, CFDRC will develop a novel fuel injection atomization model by using an innovative multiphase approach, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM). In Phase I, CFDRC''s existing multiphase LBM capability will be enhanced to improve numerical stability for realistic fuel-air density ratios in the aero- injectors and benchmarked against relevant test cases. A select case of jet breakup will be simulated and compared with existing data in the literature and CFDRC''s Volume of Fluid (VOF) prediction. In Phase I Option, the multiphase model will be parallelized and optimized for computational speedup. In Phase II, turbulence, thermal transport with phase change and wall interaction models will be implemented into LBM. The model predictions of jet atomization cases, including wall interaction, relevant to main combustor and augmentor fuel injection will be compared against measurements.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2313
James Nabity
N101-028      Awarded:5/11/2010
Title:The Direct Numerical/Large Eddy Simulation of Fuel Sprays into Combustors and Augmentors
Abstract:A turbine engine combustor can be modeled with computational fluid dynamics, however due to current constraints on computing speeds the engine models do not have sufficient detail for accurate quantitative predictions. The sub models for chemistry, turbulence, and fuel injection tend to be grossly simplified so that solutions can be obtained within reasonable timelines. Typically, spray models simply define the point of injection, the flow rate, the initial vectors for the droplets and the droplet size distribution. The trajectories of the evaporating droplets are then calculated. However, combustor performance largely depends upon the efficacy of fuel injection and subsequent atomization of the spray, yet simple spray models cannot predict the engine performance to be expected with a specific atomizer. Therefore, TDA Research and the University of Colorado propose to directly simulate the primary atomization of liquid sprays; the only numerical approach that can resolve all flow scales. The resulting model will then be coupled with turbulence models. We will use high-speed imaging and a PIV/particle sizer to obtain detailed near-field and far-field measurements of orifice and airblast atomizers to validate the model. In collaboration with GE we will build a CFX compatible model for accurate prediction of augmentor performance.

Diamond Glen Software
4316 Marina City Dr Unit 831
Marina del Rey, CA 90292
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 821-2395
Geoffrey Ingram
N101-029      Awarded:4/14/2010
Title:Automated Generation of Advanced Test Diagrams to Reduce Test Program Set Life-Cycle Costs
Abstract:The three Key Personnel dedicated to the investigation/analysis for this SBIR N101-029 proposal have already designed and developed a working automatic Test Diagram Generator, which we called TDGen. TDGen generated thousands of Test Diagrams for fifteen C130 METS TPSs. The new version of TDGen as a result of this feasibility study will be named the Dynamic Test Diagram Generator (D-TDGen). This proposal will describe the process by which Diamond Glen Software will investigate the feasibility of using ATML as the input to D-TDGen and the inclusion of stimulus and measurement signal parameters in the D-TDGen Test Diagrams. Our previous experience in developing the C130 METS TDGEN product results in minimal risk and a high probability of success in the design and development of the new and improved Dynamic Test Diagram Generator (D-TDGen).

Summit Test Solutions
4266 Linda Vista Dr.
Fallbrook, CA 92028
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 310-5916
Ronald Taylor
N101-029      Awarded:4/9/2010
Title:Automated Generation of Advanced Test Diagrams to Reduce Test Program Set Life-Cycle Costs
Abstract:The objective of this proposal and the proposed research project is to investigate the feasibility of developing a process and associated tools to generate wiring test diagrams automatically using data compliant with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Automatic Test Markup Language (ATML) family of standards. Test diagrams show the routing of signals for each test in an automatic test program which tests a Unit Under Test (UUT) from an avionics system or other weapon system on an Automatic Test Equipment (ATE). The test diagrams provide the complete routing of signals from test station instruments to UUT and are a key support document, useful throughout the life cycle of the Test Program Set (TPS). Automated processes for test diagram generation promise to decrease the lengthy time to generate them by eliminating many hours of analysis of test stations, test programs and associated interface hardware. The proposed solution should also enhance the update process and eliminate errors and inconsistencies typical of manually generated diagrams. Relying on the ATML standards for the format of data in this process is a key component of this proposal and will provide a much desired open systems approach.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Daniel Renner
N101-030      Awarded:4/20/2010
Title:Lossless Avionic Wavelength Router based on Vertical Cavity Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes to develop a scalable and non-blocking lossless avionic wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) fiber optic local area network (LAN) wavelength router. The enabling photonic component for these advanced next generation routers is the Aerius’ MEMS-Tunable Vertical Cavity Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (MT-VCSOA). These MT-VCSOAs offer tunable gain, acting simultaneously as gain elements and optical filters in the router. These WDM routers and MT-VCSOAs will be designed to operate in a mesh network topology which is well suited for avionic applications because of its high redundancy and fault tolerance. The routers will have small size, weight and power (SWAP) and will be designed to operate at wavelengths in the 1550 nm region. The routers will support digital and analog signals with high throughput. The wafer-level fabrication and test of MT-VCSOAs ensures their manufacturability and low cost. In Phase I, Aerius will work in design aspects of the MT-VCSOA and WDM router and will build hardware to evaluate technical risks. In Phase II, Aerius will fully develop the 1550 nm MT-VCSOA technology and build a prototype router based on these devices.

EM Photonics, Incorporated
51 East Main Street Suite 203
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Ahmed Sharkawy
N101-030      Awarded:4/10/2010
Title:Lossless Non-Blocking Single-Mode Fiber Optic Wavelength Router
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR effort we will investigate the feasibility of design and optimization of an optically interconnected optical router using a photonic crystal-based switching fabric and by carefully engineering the spatial and temporal properties of such periodic structures. We will take multiple design parameters into account to optimize the optical backplane to account for variations in operational conditions.

Freedom Photonics LLC
615 A State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Milan Mashanovitch
N101-030      Awarded:4/20/2010
Title:Lossless Non-Blocking Single-Mode Fiber Optic Wavelength Router
Abstract:Freedom Photonics is developing a ruggedized avionic WDM wavelength router using a novel photonic integrated circuit based optical data plane. The router will provide connectivity between a minimum of 16 subnetworks.

RAM Photonics
13689 Winstanley Way
San Diego, NY 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 213-3872
Igor Djokovic
N101-030      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Scalable Non-Blocking Wavelength Router Architecture in the All-Optical Domain
Abstract:Advanced airframes are expected to serve in multirole missions; mission-specific nodes must be incorporated in a scalable manner without performance penalty to existing services. Such systems are expected to operate with a mix of digital and analog signaling, with certain nodes likely requiring phase-coherent channel exchange. We propose a scalable all-optical router architecture using a waveband topology, wherein multiple wavelengths comprising a waveband are converted and manipulated to perform the routing functions. By dedicating the master bus to waveband-only transport, wavelength management is relegated to a local subnetwork, and nodal scalability is guaranteed without affecting the transport backbone. In order to meet these waveband-conversion requirements, we introduce a new class of wavelength converters possessing high conversion efficiency, unrestricted bandwidths, and transparency to analog/digital and amplitude/phase coding. In this program, we will perform in-depth computational modeling of the waveband convertors with particular emphasis on band scaling. The scalable waveband LAN will be modeled, and system performance will be quantified using specifications from CoTS devices. Successful completion of this program will result in calculation of the performance limitations of the proposed design, derivation of the engineering rules governing practical all-optical router operation, and a baseline design for a Phase II program.

Farasis Energy, Inc.
23575 Cabot Blvd Suite 205
Hayward, CA 94545
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 732-6600
Keith Kepler
N101-031      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Non-Flammable Electrolyte for Naval Aviation Lithium Batteries
Abstract:Lithium ion batteries are one of the most energy dense electrochemical energy storage systems currently available. The market for secondary batteries has been revolutionized by this battery system. Since its introduction in 1991, Li-ion battery chemistry has changed little, but now requires substantial improvements to if this system is to realize its full potential in the future as the premier portable energy storage system. One major improvement that needs to be addressed is the current highly flammable electrolyte. New approaches are needed to identify a nonflammable electrolyte that will improve the safety of this system which has become a major issue in the long term proliferation of Li-ion batteries in the consumer and aerospace markets.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Christopher Rhodes
N101-031      Awarded:4/28/2010
Title:Advanced Non-Flammable Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries
Abstract:Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries with improved safety, abuse tolerance, reliability, and volumetric and gravimetric energy densities are needed for Navy aircraft including the Joint Strike Fighter, H-1 Light Attack Helicopter, and other aircraft. Despite their high energy densities, current lithium-ion batteries can combust and release highly toxic chemicals under failure mechanisms such as overcharging, internal shorting, defects, physical damage, overheating, etc. Lynntech proposes to develop advanced electrolytes that are non-flammable and that result in similar performance (e.g. energy density, power density, recharge capability, cycle life, calendar life, temperature range) compared with current lithium-ion batteries utilizing conventional electrolytes. The goal of the project is to develop a non- flammable Li-ion conducting electrolyte that significantly increases the safety and reliability of lithium-ion batteries for Navy aircraft, while not sacrificing battery performance. During Phase I project, Lynntech will optimize the electrolyte composition, evaluate the electrolyte properties, determine the performance of anodes and cathodes using the non-flammable electrolyte, evaluate the performance of the full cells to meet target specifications, and evaluate projected bulk costs for the electrolyte. The Phase II project will develop prototype Li-ion batteries for Navy aircraft using the non-flammable electrolyte and deliver prototype batteries to the Navy for testing and evaluation.

Silatronix, Inc.
3591 Anderson Street Suite 209
Madison, WI 53704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 301-5064
Michael Pollina
N101-031      Awarded:5/4/2010
Title:Organosilicon Compounds for Reduced Flammability Lithium Ion Battery Electrolytes
Abstract:Silatronix has developed novel organosilicon compounds that can be used as drop-in replacements for conventional carbonate electrolytes in lithium-ion cells. These organosilicon electrolytes have very high flash points and have demonstrated superior stability and safety characteristics. In the course of this research, Silatronix will optimize the composition of these electrolytes to meet the specific power, lifetime, and operating temperature requirements established in the solicitation. Working with commercial partners, we will deliver a system that provides superior safety at a cost and performance levels similar to current electrolytes.

Defense Technologies, Inc.
Two Urban Centre 4890 W. Kennedy Blvd., Suite 490
Tampa, FL 33609
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 737-8893
Donald Jackson
N101-032      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Automated Sense and Avoid for Due Regard
Abstract:The DTI Team has assembled a collection of technology that allows a unique, open- architecture approach to maintaining a Sense & Avoid capability on UAS. This system incorporates processing both on the aircraft, in sensor processors and in an on-board control processor, and on the ground, in the Ground Control Station. This system includes and adapts to the ADS-B cooperative situation awareness system and to expanded capabilities with new sensors, such as RADAR, which may be applicable to larger unmanned aircraft.

DreamHammer Incorporated
501 Colorado Ave., Suite 200
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 394-8700
Chris Diebner
N101-032      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Automated Sense and Avoid for Due Regard
Abstract:This proposal outlines a feature-rich end-to-end Sense and Avoid (SAVD) system, henceforth called "The SAVD System". The basis for the design targets on a solution that integrates autonomous sense and avoid capabilities with manned and unmanned air vehicles that can be utilized by different types operators (Air Traffic Controllers, Pilots, Operators, Mission Commanders, etc). The solution will be built on an open and extensible framework, which allows for little to no impact on aircraft design and is independent of any proprietary interfaces. Keeping agility in mind, the SAVD system allows for 3 different types of configuration based on need, link quality, and aircraft size: a ground only solution, an aircraft only solution, and a mixed ground & aircraft solution. Leveraging on both the open framework and the agile configurations, the SAVD system implements a viral data dissemination approach that allows for the sharing of airspace data among disparate ground control stations throughout the world. Focusing on usability, the ground based user interfaces are built on a 4D geospatial and temporal interface, which bring forth intuitive operation and clear airspace awareness. Lastly, the system is compact and powerful. Weigh less than 2 lb. including cameras, main-board, processor and chassis, the aircraft piece of the SAVD system is capable of detecting aircraft, tracking them, projecting their trajectories, and processing CNS/ATM compliant avoidance maneuvers.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Yunping Yang
N101-032      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Integrated Autonomous Sense-and-Avoid System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for autonomous sense-and-avoid (SA) capability for unmanned aerial systems (UASs) operating in the National Air Space and in-theater, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Integrated Autonomous Sense-and-Avoid (IASA) system. This system is based on in-house infrared omnidirectional detection technology, and data fusion and integration with a novel open adaptive architecture for detecting, tracking, and predicting objects in the UAS’s nearspace to ensure safe maneuvering/acting. This innovative IASA system design offers automated full coverage of due regard for all ADS-B compliant and noncompliant flights/objects and can be used for manned and unmanned aviation. The innovation in the adaptive open architecture gives IASA high reliability and adaptability to data lack/loss from one or several sources. The system can be applied to all UASs because it is independent of UAV proprietary interfaces and size. It is compact, lightweight (

Adaptive Materials Inc.
5500 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 302-7632
Tim LaBreche
N101-033      Awarded:5/4/2010
Title:Highly Integrated, Highly Efficient Fuel Reformer/Fuel Cell System
Abstract:At the completion of all the phases of SBIR topic N101-033, Highly Integrated Highly Efficient Fuel Reformer/Fuel Cell System, Adaptive Materials will provide a highly integrated, highly efficient Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system that will be fueled by JP-5 without external reforming suited for naval aviation applications, specifically prime propulsion power for smaller unmanned aerial systems. Adaptive Materials, Inc. (AMI) systems have served as ground power units and have also been integrated in hand-launched unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). In Phase I of this SBIR program Adaptive Materials will develop a validated technical approach and implementation plan. Production and demonstration of a JP- 5 SOFC system will be performed during Phase II. In Phase III, Adaptive Materials will optimize the JP-5 SOFC system for specific naval applications such as auxiliary power unit (APU), battery replacement/supplement, and small primary propulsion systems.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8303
Mehdi Namazian
N101-033      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Logistic Fuel Power System
Abstract:Altex and Pennsylvania State University (PSU) have teamed up to develop the highly integrated and highly efficient JP-5 driven Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Logistic Fuel Power System (UAVLFP). UAVLFP will build upon previous work that has shown the feasibility of conversion JP-5 to power and incorporates innovations to design and develop a flight worthy power system. Under the program the UAVLFP will be designed and validated by testing and analysis. The Phase I work will be the basis of Phase II under which a prototype UAVLFP will be developed and delivered to the Navy for high fidelity laboratory testing.

NexTech Materials, Ltd.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Lewis Center, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Paul Matter
N101-033      Awarded:5/4/2010
Title:Highly Integrated, Highly Efficient Fuel Reformer/Fuel Cell System
Abstract:In this project NexTech Materials, Ltd. will design and demonstrate a 10-kW solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system that can operate on JP 5 diesel fuel. The system will be designed to meet critical Navy needs for unmanned aerial vehicle systems that can operate on heavy diesel fuel with better efficiency, higher system power density, and faster system start-up. The system will be designed around NexTech’s proprietary planar SOFC design, which can tolerate high levels of sulfur compared to contemporary SOFC technologies. In Phase I, NexTech will design a conceptual system, including a 10-kW stack integrated with a JP-5 auto-thermal reformer. The conceptual system design will account for all components required in the system. Further, NexTech will demonstrate the projected performance of critical components in bench-scale testing. In Phase II, NexTech will build a prototype system based on the Phase I design, and demonstrate operation of the system on JP-5 fuel. The system will target a start-up time of 8 minutes, be capable of multiple start-/stop cycles, operate at an efficiency greater than 35% electrical efficiency, and target a power density greater than 60 W/kg.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Subir Roychoudhury
N101-033      Awarded:5/6/2010
Title:Highly Integrated, Highly Efficient Fuel Reformer/Fuel Cell System
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes to conduct a design study toward a novel ultra- compact JP-5 fuel reforming system integrated with a fuel cell stack as a modular and scalable building block for UAV and other systems. The reformer will build upon PCI’s ultra- compact, high efficiency Microlith Catalytic reforming technology being developed separately with Navy and Army support for shipboard, vehicle APU and other applications. The development in the Phase I program will be applied in Phase II to develop and demonstrate a prototype 10 kWe JP-5 fuel reformer/fuel cell system.

Mentis Sciences, Inc.
150 Dow Street Tower Two
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 624-9197
Tim Waltner
N101-034      Awarded:5/7/2010
Title:Affordable Broadband Radome
Abstract:MSI proposes to develop a low cost broadband radome solution for use in future supersonic missile applications as well as investigate/demonstrate multi-functional capabilities that a composite radome wall offers by optimizing laminate configurations and frequency selective surface (FSS) materials. MSI fabricates radomes, and uses novel, near net techniques to build the thickness of the radome to the desired ½ wave, or multiple thereof, wall thickness for optimal transmission. Radome Analysis Computer Program, developed by Dr. Keith Huddleston is used to predict flat plate and radome wall profile transmission, loss, boresight, and boresight error slope for specific profiles. The fabrication process lends itself to the application and incorporation of a frequency selective surface (FSS), capacitor or inductor to be included in the laminate geometry. The challenge is to maintain optimal z axis placement of the FSS during fabrication and measure the relative error from what is predicted to test actual specimens. The opportunity presented in this proposal is the investigation of the performance benefits of this PMC approach with a generic FSS incorporated into multi- layered 2D laminates using woven and braided fiber architectures. The results of the investigation will be tied to a full-scale solution for a composite radome system to test the viability of such material improvements in Phase II.

Omohundro Company
14792 Franklin Ave
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 638-6579
Richard Johnson
N101-034      Awarded:5/7/2010
Title:Affordable Broadband Radome
Abstract:Omohundro will develop a low cost broadband radome design using a novel syntactic foam core material capable use temperatures to 900 deg F. The phase I effort will concentrate of a material vs performance matrix of various resins with its subcontractor Performance Polymers Solutions. A high temp syntactic foam will be developed from the candidate resins similar to Omohundro Cerez core material. Design will focus on A sandwich and C sandwich to optimize broadband performance, while minimizing weight and cost. A novel centrifugal casting process will optimize construction cost with high volume production. Flat panel designs will be built and tested during Phase I.

Rock West Solutions, Inc.
8666 Commerce Avenue
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 537-6260
Keith Loss
N101-034      Awarded:5/7/2010
Title:Affordable Broadband Radome
Abstract:Supersonic air vehicles require nose radomes that can withstand high temperatures as well as have high RF transmission over wider radio frequency bandwidths. Typically nose radomes are built from monolithic, solid wall ceramic materials which inherently have a very narrow frequency band over which they are RF transparent. The proposed concept leverages a recently qualified ceramic matrix composite AS-N312 as the outer shell that will withstand the forces and environments. To achieve wider bandwidths, lower dielectric ceramic foam materials are added to the inner surface that act as impedance matching layers, enabling transmission of a broader range of wavelengths. The proposed designs avoid inclusion of an inner skin that would form a more traditional sandwich structure to prevent significant shear stresses from occurring in the ceramic foams. The study will: identify candidate foams, the methods by which they can be mechanically integrated to the radome shell, and provide test data on the RF transmission characteristics of candidate layered designs. Affordability is dramatically improved because AS-N312 is the lowest cost, qualified structural ceramic material available today, and the processes to achieve other attributes such as erosion protection and EMI filters are also fully developed and cost effective.

KOR Electronics
10855 Business Center Dr. Bldg. A
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 898-8200
Brad Castrey
N101-035      Awarded:4/9/2010
Title:Digital RF Memory (DRFM) Jammer Simulator
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a new Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM) Jammer Simulator architecture that will provide real-time accurate threat emulation based on inputs from an intelligence data base of specified parameters and mode descriptions. The ability to rapidly prototype and analyze signal waveforms for emerging and constantly changing threat systems is needed in the intelligence and test and evaluation (T&E) communities.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 781-7416
Dave Pechner
N101-035      Awarded:4/9/2010
Title:Digital RF Memory (DRFM) Jammer Simulator
Abstract:SA Photonics’ Jammer Emulator (JEM) is a flexible and programmable wideband DRFM Jammer Emulator intended to be able to rapidly evaluate the impact of new threat waveforms. JEM is a high resolution, dual channel jammer simulator that supports large varieties of DRFM and ECM emulation capabilities. A software defined digital signal processing implementation ensures precise and consistent jammer simulation. JEM operates over frequencies from 100MHz to 18GHz with over 100dB signal dynamic range (>70dB instantaneous dynamic range). The base configuration provides two channels, and provides extremely flexible DRFM hardware and ECM emulation processing blocks. The DRFM hardware emulation block allows configurable simulation of specific hardware characteristics such as number of ADC/DAC bits, input and output analog filter emulation, and limits on memory depth. The ECM emulation block allows arbitrary time varying amplitude, delay, and frequency offset profiles to be generated as well as generation of arbitrary bandlimited noise sources. These configurable blocks allow easy simulation of many ECM modes including RGPI/O, VGPI/O and other coherent and non-coherent techniques. The JEM system contains a self-calibrating RF architecture to enable tight amplitude and phase matching between RF channels. The JEM system is configured via an intuitive GUI which allows graphical input of all time varying profiles. The JEM system utilizes a simple ASCII based interface and is readily integrated with existing simulators following the Joint Integrated Mission Model (JIMM).

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
William Hallidy
N101-035      Awarded:4/14/2010
Title:Intelligent Jammer Emulation System (IJES)
Abstract:There is a need in the intelligence and test and evaluation communities for a Digital RF Memory (DRFM) jammer emulator capable of rapidly prototyping and analyzing signal waveforms for emerging and continually adapting threat systems. The emulator must be architected and constructed so that 1) classified information remains secure and uncompromised, and 2) operating parameters can be easily programmed to reflect the performance of varying systems. In order to satisfy these objectives, in Phase I of this contract Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) will leverage our experience with the development of the Agile Digital Effects Processor (ADEP™) technology to create the Intelligent Jammer Emulation System (IJES) design concept. SPEC''s ADEP™ combines RF signal characterization, DRFM and arbitrary waveform generation capabilities. ADEP™ signal modulation is entirely digital. ADEP™''s architecture is logic / software-driven as opposed to hardware-constrained, is readily threat- and platform-adaptable, and is ideally suited to development of a flexibly programmable DRFM jammer simulator / stimulator. Current ADEP™ systems and system models enable tailoring of instantaneous bandwidth, bit depth, dynamic range, range delay and other parameters. The capabilities will be leveraged and extended to create the IJES.

Directed Vapor Technologies International, Inc.
2 Boars Head Lane
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 977-1405
Derek Hass
N101-036      Awarded:5/14/2010
Title:Impact/Erosion Resistant Environmental Barrier Coatings (EBCs) for Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)
Abstract:Lightweight silicon-based ceramics are leading candidates to replace heavier nickel-based superalloys for hot section components used in advanced gas turbine engines having increased specific power. Unfortunately, exposures of these materials to the high temperature combustion environments alter the effectiveness of thermally grown silica scales in providing protection from oxidation and component recession during service. Environmental barrier coatings (EBCs) are therefore required that protect the underlying ceramic substrate from environmental attack. Such coatings require good stability in the presence of water vapor, a mechanism for limiting oxygen/water vapor transport and high temperature phase stability. The nature of the silicon-based ceramic recession issue dictates that any EBC system must provide prime reliant performance to ensure full component lifetimes. To meet this goal, it is anticipated that the erosion/impact resistance of the current generation EBC coating systems will need to be enhanced. This has led to interest in advanced thermal/environmental barrier coating(T/EBC) systems having enhanced erosion / impact resistance over current state-of-the-art T/EBC systems. In this work, novel coating synthesis techniques that enable the deposition of T/EBC systems having materials, microstructures and architectures anticipated to promote coating system toughness and improved durability in environments having significant erosion/impact events are investigated.

Materials Resources International
811 W. Fifth Street Unit 2
Lansdale, PA 19446
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 631-7111
Ronald Smith
N101-036      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Improved Erosion / Impact Resistant Environmental Barrier Coatings for SiC-CMC’s
Abstract:MRi is teaming with Ohio Aerospace Institute and Exotherm Corporation to conduct innovative processing developments to improve the erosion and impact performance of environmental barrier coatings for SiC/SiC high temperature composites. The effort will be to both improve the bond coat layer and to improve the structure of Mullite +BSAS inner layer and the top layers using SHS prepared powders of ( HfO2+ ScO3) in combination with plasma spraying. CMCs such as SiC/SiC are porous so infiltration can lead to degradation of EBC’s associated with oxidation of the interface coating, as opposed to the moisture induced matrix erosion which is the primary problem in the higher temperature applications referenced above. The core of our proposed effort will aim to improve bond coats with dual layer bond layers that bond better to the SiC/SiC and prevent low temperature glasses forming at the mullite interface. The effort will also investigate the improvement of the structure of Mullite +BSAS and the top layers of (HfO2+ ScO3) using reaction synthesis (SHS) prepared powders of in combination with plasma spraying. After developing new composition and structure of bond coat and the top coat, SiC/SiC coupons will be coated and tested including mechanical property measurements after 100 hours of exposure to intermediate temperature and after cyclic humidity and high temperature exposures. Investigator between Phase I and I Option will also evaluate erosion and impact resistance of the more promising EBC compositions.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8233
Abhijeet Misra
N101-036      Awarded:5/11/2010
Title:Computational Design of Impact Resistant Environmental Barrier Coatings for Ceramic Matrix Composites
Abstract:Environmental barrier coated (EBC) SiC fiber-based ceramic matrix composites (CMC) are targeted for use in propulsion and power applications because of their high temperature capability, creep resistance and high thermal conductivity. However EBCs have been shown to be highly susceptible to foreign object damage (FOD), upon particle impact, leading to EBC spallation and subsequent rapid degradation of the underlying CMC. Under the proposed SBIR program, QuesTek Innovations LLC, a leader in the field of materials design, proposes to develop novel EBCs for Si-based CMCs to achieve enhanced impact/erosion resistance at elevated temperatures. Computational investigations of FOD in thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) have demonstrated that lowering the high temperature hardness and enhancing the toughness of the TBCs reduces the severity of FOD and improves resistance to spallation. QuesTek proposes to utilize novel intrinsic and extrinsic toughening strategies to enhance the impact resistance of EBCs. In the program QuesTek will partner with a leading OEM to provide the role of “voice of the customer” to define the material requirement matrix, processing requirements, and ultimately lead the material implementation. Concept feasibility will be established by impact tests and environmental oxidation tests on prototype coating designs fabricated at coupon-scale in the Phase I program.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2285
Jon Williams
N101-037      Awarded:4/14/2010
Title:Investigation of the Debye Effect for Submarine Detection
Abstract:The Debye effect---electric and magnetic fields from the acceleration of seawater particles-- -is an unexplored submarine detection method that should be investigated for feasibility. It offers several potential advantages over other non-acoustic detection methods. The work proposed here will characterize the phenomenology, signal, and noise to determine tactical utility.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Alexander Boschitsch
N101-037      Awarded:4/15/2010
Title:Measurement and Modeling of the Debye Effect in Hydroacoustics
Abstract:Since submarines operate in an ionic seawater environment, there exists the possibility that any of several recognized electro-kinetic mechanisms may be excited and produce potentially detectable electromagnetic fields. Of particular focus in the proposed effort is the electroacoustic mechanism known as the Debye effect which describes the electric potential that develops when ions are displaced by passage of an acoustic wave. The proposed effort combines both experimental and theoretical methods to quantify the electromagnetic signature produced by an acoustic wave propagating through seawater in the vicinity of an undersea vehicle. These methods will review, formulate and implement physics modeling procedures to characterize the electromagnetic source associated with an acoustic wave via the Debye effect mechanism. This characterization will be combined with efficient, fast boundary element algorithms to evaluate the long range field intensity resulting from the integrated source distributions. In Phase I these methods will be used to establish whether the acoustic-induced electromagnetic field is detectable and, if so, the configurations, acoustic illuminations and frequency ranges where this field strength is most likely maximized. This information will be used to design the Phase II research and development effort concerned with developing prototype sensor hardware and refining the electro-acoustic detection algorithms.

Cortana Corporation
520 N. Washington Street, #200
Falls Church, VA 22046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 534-8000
John Pierce
N101-037      Awarded:4/14/2010
Title:Investigation of the Debye Effect for Submarine Detection
Abstract:This research will employ existing theories of the Debye Effect to estimate amplitudes of electromagnetic signals produced by a submarine operating in a realistic ocean environment. Estimates will incorporate known properties—mass, valence, volume, and friction coefficient—of each ionic species in seawater. Estimates will be made for a range of realistic acoustic sources associated with submarine operations, covering a range of frequencies and waveforms. The capabilities of electromagnetic signals to propagate in seawater independently of acoustic signals will be assessed. This research also will use existing theories of the Colloid Effect to estimate amplitudes of electromagnetic signals produced by a submarine operating in a realistic ocean environment. Estimates will incorporate known and estimated properties of organic detritus and other sources of colloids found in the ocean. Finally, this research will revise and adapt existing theories of electrokinetic interface conversion to apply to the case of charged surfactant layers at the air- water interface. Special attention will be given to the analysis of signals radiated directly into the atmosphere from the surface layer.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Maddux
N101-038      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:Intelligent Leading Edge Deicing/Anti-Icing System
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to develop an innovative concept for a lightweight, low-cost, multi-functional intelligent deicing/anti-icing system. The proposed concept utilizes an integrated piezoelectric (PZT) sensor/actuator network to autonomously monitor system function, the leading edge of the rotor for ice accretions, damage due to FOD, and to perform or assist in deicing/anti-icing functions. Discretized thin-film heaters are incorporated into the concept to provide augmentation or back-up to the piezoelectric deicing/anti-icing system and are controlled by an intelligent control system. Data acquired from the PZT network is used by the intelligent control system for autonomous decision making. The concept system provides capabilities not available in singular current systems to monitor the rotor blade structure in near real time while in service, and automatically activate the deicing/anti-icing system when necessary.

FBS, Inc.
3340 West College Ave.
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-3437
Roger Royer
N101-038      Awarded:5/12/2010
Title:Innovative Concepts for Composite Leading Edge Self-Monitoring Anti/De-icing System
Abstract:FBS, Inc. and The Pennsylvania State University Vertical Lift Research Center of Excellence propose the development of a hybrid ultrasonic vibration/thermal self-monitoring ice protection system for composite rotor blades. Thermal-based ice protection systems have been applied to aircraft for years and the capability of this approach has been well- established. When turned on, these systems can cause overheating of composite materials resulting in damage to the blade. FBS and Penn State have recently shown that low- frequency ultrasonic vibrations can be used to remove ice layers over a large structural area using only a few actuators The main drawback of the ultrasonic approach to date is that the size of the actuators will require some redesigning of the blade in order to implement them. It is hypothesized here that the use of some heat, at low-levels so as to not damage the composite structure, in combination with the ultrasound, will allow the actuator size to be reduced to a “thin-film” which can be embedded inside the blade similarly to the way the thermal blankets are now. Further, this project will evaluate the possibility of using the ultrasonic actuators as sensors to detect icing conditions, monitor the blade for damage, and provide self-diagnostics.

Metis Design Corporation
10 Canal Park Suite 601
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-5616
Seth Kessler
N101-038      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:CNT-based Composite Self-Monitoring & De-icing System
Abstract:Composites are increasingly being adopted into aero-surfaces due to their superior specific strength and stiffness, however they can be susceptible to beneath visible-surface impact data. Furthermore, as with traditional aero-surfaces, ice accumulation can result in reduced lift and increased drag. Therefore, the Navy desires an innovative, self-monitoring system for composite wings and rotor-blades to monitor surface conditions. During this SBIR, Metis Design Corporation (MDC) proposes to provide a novel solution to these requirements by leveraging 2 recent SBIR/STTR-funded innovations: direct-write (DW) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Through a NASA SBIR, MDC demonstrated with Boeing the ability to electrode a large complex surface using DW. Through an AFRL STTR, MDC demonstrated with MIT the ability to monitor the health of composites through CNT-enhanced resistance measurements. By combining these technologies, a simple, low-mass, reliable system can be produced to monitor composites for impact damage and ice-formation, as well as providing closed-loop automated de-icing. During Phase I, MDC will work with MIT & Boeing culminating in a demonstration of ice detection, de-icing and impact damage detection using DW-electroded CNT-enhanced composite specimens, with each element demonstrated independently using PC-based algorithms. In Phase I Option, MDC would embed these algorithms to demonstrate combined real-time standalone functionality.

FloDesign, Inc.
380 Main Street
Wilbraham, MA 01095
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 596-5900
Jeffrey King
N101-039      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Innovative Quiet Unmanned Air Vehicle Technologies
Abstract:Two aerodynamic breakthroughs by members of the proposing team, provide an opportunity for significantly lowering the acoustic signature of UAVs while enhancing their overall mission performance. FloDesign’s patented Mixer Ejector Propulsion System combined with Rotating Composites Technologies LLC’s patented light-weight fan represents the Next Generation of quiet, high efficiency propulsors applicable to a wide variety of UAV configurations and sizes. The proposed system is radically different than any existing shrouded fan system, adding a second light-weight bypass duct and lobed mixers to dramatically increase the propulsive system’s thrust to weight and horsepower output from take-off through loiter. Most importantly for current purposes, the MEPS shifts a large portion of the thrust force from the rotating fan blades to the two static shrouds, leading to a lightly loaded, much quieter fan design. MEPS also increases fan efficiency by reducing swirl losses, has a lower radar cross section than its propeller counterpart and provides a simple means for thrust vectoring. The proposed program will assess the technical feasibility of the MEPS system for quieting small UAV’s as well as to significantly reduce the engine size/volume/weight required to meet the desired mission profile—thereby either allowing for increased payload and/or loiter time.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
William Hafer
N101-039      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Innovative Quiet Unmanned Air Vehicle Technologies
Abstract:Operation at low altitude renders Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV''s) susceptible to detection and countermeasures. Not only does this limit their role in covert missions, but their loss rate due to simple air defenses can be high. Expanded mission profiles are desired for UAV’s where low probability of detection is paramount. In this Phase I program, Infoscitex (IST) proposes to utilize a novel lightweight acoustic abatement material for the development of a UAV propeller shroud that targets a specific tonal profile at cruising speeds. The proposed shroud is a modular add-on component with minimal impact on aircraft performance metrics. IST’s material solution enables optimization of liner performance that achieves maximum sound absorption for a desired frequency profile, as well as lightweight components. IST will utilize a systematic, semi-empirical approach in this effort which involves collecting noise data from a relevant UAV and culminates with a first generation prototype in a ground test. Additionally, a tradeoff study will be performed to identify any changes in mission profile attributed to integrating a new component on the airframe. The Phase II work plan will consist of a spiral design and test process to develop a solution for a specific UAV.

KCF Technologies, Inc
112 W. Foster Ave Suite 1
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-4097
Michael Grissom
N101-039      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Ultra-light, Quasi-active Noise Control Solution for Quiet UAVs
Abstract:KCF Technologies in partnership with Insitu, Inc. proposes an ultra-light, quasi-active noise control method for quiet Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV’s). The main motivation of this proposed effort is reducing the SPL’s of the radiated tones of UAV’s, since stealth is critical to the success of their operation. In the present design of most UAV’s, the propeller is rear mounted and thus operates in a push rather than a pull mode that is common in say, turboprop engines. With the push-type propeller, noise is generated by rotor interaction with the time invariant flow distortions that are generated due to the presence of the upstream components of aircraft, e.g. the fuselage. Since this is an inherent feature of the design, the only recourse to reducing the radiation noise is to attenuate it, either actively or passively. In Phase I, KCF will demonstrate the technical feasibility of the quasi-active noise control method for UAVs without significant impact to UAV performance, and develop a detailed analysis of predicted performance of the proposed technology. In Phase II, KCF in partnership with Insitu, will develop, demonstrate, and validate the proposed technology integrated on a production UAV.

Sierra Engineering, Inc. formerly Johnson Rockets
603 East Robinson Street Suite 7
Carson City, NV 89701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 363-6161
Jeffrey Muss
N101-040      Awarded:4/6/2010
Title:Improved Ballistics, Acoustics and Combustion Stability Modeling for Solid Rocket Motors
Abstract:A new, improved fidelity solid rocket ballistics model will be built on a commercial CFD platform. The CFD platform includes a coupled solid mechanics solver, allowing for tight coupling between the grain burnback and the motor gas dynamics. An aero-acoustic component of the platform will be used to determine mode shapes and acoustic decay characteristics from the ballistics results.

Software and Engineering Associates, Inc.
1802 N. Carson Street Suite 200
Carson City, NV 89701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 882-1966
Anthony Dang
N101-040      Awarded:4/6/2010
Title:Acoustic Stability Prediction In Solid Rocket Motors
Abstract:The ability for engineers to assess the impact of their preliminary design of solid rocket motor (SRM) performance and combustion stability is the focus of this proposal. The SRMs of the future will be designed for increased performance. Since ballistic excursions, instabilities, and sporadic forces on rocket motors have catastrophic results, Software and Engineering Associates, Inc. (SEA) has made considerable effort developing and maintaining codes for SRM performance and stability analysis. SEA has incorporated the Standard Stability Prediction (SSP) code into their Solid Performance Program (SPP), and will use these codes to improve the prediction of motor ballistic performance and stability of SRM grain designs. The modeling of the oscillatory forces on a motor given the change in pressure will be added to SPP. New and innovative methodologies will be implemented into SPP/SSP for analyzing strain augmented burning and multi-dimensional combustion stability in SRMs. These innovative technologies include using existing grain design technology, grid generation, a steady state Navier-Stokes (NS) solver and/or an Euler CFD code, and an acoustics eigensolver and linear stability analysis coupled with a structural solver. Investigation will center on the impact of strain augmented burning on ballistic performance and instabilities coupled with vortical flow.

MAST Technologies
6370 Nancy Ridge Drive Suite 103
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 452-1700
Andrew Sundsmo
N101-041      Awarded:5/11/2010
Title:High Temperature Survivability Coating Materials with Innovative Application Processes
Abstract:NAVAIR is currently faced with the challenge of manufacturing specialty coating systems with application-specific electrical and physical properties for installation into areas of complex geometry. MAST Technologies proposes to perform a survey and experimental design (DOE) of high temperature elastomers and demonstrate their ability to be processed into partially cured calendared sheets of defined thicknesses. Processing of candidate materials will be performed via a two-roll mill mixing and calendaring process. MAST Technologies then proposes to demonstrate feasibility of a vulcanization and co-cure bonding application process by which candidate materials will be mixed on a high shear two- roll mill, calendared to a desired thickness, and draped over a composite, metal, or plastic material of complex geometry representative of an end airframe component.

Space Micro Inc.
10237 Flanders Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0704
Carl Edwards
N101-041      Awarded:5/11/2010
Title:High Temperature Survivability Coating Materials with Innovative Application Processes
Abstract:As military aircraft and weapon systems achieve higher speeds and maneuverability, higher skin temperatures are seen on the outer surfaces, such as engine exhausts, motor combustion sections, inlet ducts, wing and fins and nose tips control fins and inlet ducts. Current materials are good as far as they go, but much above 500F, they begin to break down due to aerothermal heating, generated by supersonic airflows. Further, elastomeric sheets require an adhesive layer to fix the sheet to the airframe substrate materials. There is a need to develop a novel material and application that can be either co-cured or sprayed onto the airframe. Further, by using elevated cure, higher temperature coatings and fillers can be examined. Space Micro has investigated high temperature coatings on previous but unrelated work that can be adapted for this opportunity. We have the following approaches that can be evaluated for this work. 1. High temperature coating that is sprayable, cures at 200F, withstands temperatures above 1200F as well as supersonic environments. Further, this coating can be adjusted to high or low modulus to adapt to the substrate material and can be filled with thermally conducting fillers for EMI/RF support or thermally insulating fillers to provide protection to sensitive components on the aircraft. 2. High temperature coating that is either sprayable or can be fabricated into a co-curable sheet of material. This product can be filled with inorganic particles or additives to provide thermal insulation, EMI/RF performance and enhanced thermal performance.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Norm Rice
N101-041      Awarded:5/11/2010
Title:High Temperature Elastomeric Coating(1001-516)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. responds to the Navy’s need for improved coatings for aircraft and missile systems. In this program new high temperature coatings will be developed which can withstand prolonged exposure to temperatures of 680ºF (360ºC) without degradation. In addition the coatings will be able to withstand short temperature excursions to 800ºF (425ºC) without degradation, and can be converted to a nonporous ceramic that is stable to at least 1850ºF (1000ºC) in air. These new coatings will be applied directly to the airframe components and cured in place without the need for adhesives. Fillers to control the EMF/RF shielding, and to improved the thermal insulation will also be explored.

Advanced Avionics Incorporated
607 G Louis Drive
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 441-0449
Peter Ulrich
N101-042      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Environmental Wideband Acoustic Receiver and Source (EWARS)
Abstract:This proposal will investigate state-of-the-art acoustic sensor and power amplifier technology and develop innovative design concepts compatible with the need to define and document an EWARS acoustic sensor system for Navy development. The research will explore active acoustic sensor and related electronic component technology which is compatible with the severe packaging and cost constraints of airborne ASW expendable sensors.

RDA Inc.
P.O. Box 49
Doylestown, PA 18901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 538-1546
Ronald Buratti
N101-042      Awarded:4/19/2010
Title:Environmental Wideband Acoustic Receiver and Source (EWARS)
Abstract:The Navy requires a new Environmental Wideband Acoustic Receiver and Source (EWARS) sensor to facilitate the gathering of environmental and intelligence and data from Navy ASW platforms. The newly developed EWARS sensor must be deployable in shallow and deep environments, and be capable of operating over a broad spectrum of frequencies. EWARS also requires calibration accuracy, digital uplink format/precision, and high dynamic range. In this SBIR, RDA proposes the development of a sensor that meets these requirements and also includes the evaluation of some innovative sensor concepts intended to provide added benefit. RDA has analyzed a number of candidate sensor configurations, and our proposed configuration not only meets the requirements of the solicitation but is also feasible from a cost and packaging perspective. To minimize risk, the RDA proposed solution leverages heavily on technology already developed or in development on other U.S. Navy sensors. RDA has also included ERAPSCO as a subcontractor tasked for their expertise, to determine packaging and feasibility of the newly proposed sensor. Our Phase I approach is to establish a baseline set of requirements for the proposed sensor. We also plan to perform analysis and trade studies intended to address some of the more challenging requirements.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Jerry Cole
N101-042      Awarded:4/23/2010
Title:Environmental Wideband Acoustic Receiver and Source (EWARS)
Abstract:The objective of this solicitation is to develop and demonstrate an innovative air-deployable source and receiver combination that is capable of characterizing the acoustic ocean environment over a wide range of frequencies from Navy Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft with the capability of crossing multiple operational environments. The ability to detect threats in the ocean in a high ambient noise and changing environment requires a significant amount of knowledge about the ocean environment. Since these parameters are very location dependent, a decided advantage is gained when the ocean is characterized for pre-mission planning. The proposed calibrated source / receive sonobuoy fills a void and has the capability to characterize the ocean by measuring transmission loss, ambient noise, effects of surface and bottom scattering, and provide the data to overhead or at-sea assets via a NATO radio. This environmental information will make ship sonar, production sonobuoys or other sonar systems more effective.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 562-5333
John Jamieson
N101-043      Awarded:7/8/2010
Title:Low Cost, Reliable Towed Sensors Handling Systems
Abstract:The proposed Phase I investigation is expected to yield innovative technologies for development of a novel approach to array handling systems based on a totally different design for retrieving, deploying, storing and managing submarine towed array systems. The concept is based on the principles of a simple machine. This non-traditional system dramatically lowers the mechanical stresses on the towed array while providing great flexibility in control and drive systems. Additionally, this concept is very amenable to various installation locations on the submarine. 3 Phoenix has extensive experience with submarine towed arrays and handling systems, including damage assessment of telemetry electronics caused by current handling systems, and has been successful in transitioning leading edge technology to defense applications. We anticipate that the results of this effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the system approach and the path to implementation.

PRODUCT PLANNING INC
2125 OXFORD ROAD
DES PLAINES, IL 60018
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 296-1000
BERNARD BISHOP
N101-043      Awarded:7/8/2010
Title:Low Cost, Reliable Towed Sensors Handling Systems
Abstract:Thin-line Towed Array operational capability and array development progress have been restricted by substandard reliability of the Handling System/Array and resultant high operational costs. Thirty years of attempts to improve reliability have proven that Handler, Ship and Array concepts must be reviewed jointly and solution to reliability problems are only achievable through concept change. This SBIR research intends to employ handler/array concept joint reviews by; 1) reviewing, categorizing and weighing known reliability issues; 2) determining what ship locations are available that lessen environmental issues; 3) comparing past array failures to finite model array stress, relative to various handler design concepts; 4) reviewing, categorizing and weighing Unit Level Handler concepts relative to form, fit, function, life, cost and reliability projections; 5) selecting a new handler concept approach and ship location to minimize array interface stress; 6) eliminating existing low reliability TLTA Handler Units, components and/or subassemblies. To achieve the optimum TLTA Handling System an ideal team was formed including the Handler Concept Designer/PI, the Shipyard/Stakeholder, the Array Designer/Stakeholder, and an UNDEX/Implosion Environmental Expert, all from the onset of Phase 0, with increasing involvement planned through Phase III. Achievement will be gained through unity.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
N101-043      Awarded:7/8/2010
Title:Low Cost, Reliable Towed Sensors Handling Systems
Abstract:A systematic evaluation of multiple sensor array handling system concepts is proposed in which the performance of the current systems is used to establish a baseline. All attributes of the existing system are defined. All attributes of the proposed systems are evaluated. The scoring and weighting functions are derived from review of existing test and failure analyses performed on the existing systems. The evaluated concepts are scored and ranked and presented to the Navy for final selection. The selected concept is more evaluated in a second round evaluation effort that is used to define all of the attributes of the system design. The second round evaluation effort results in the definition of the system that will be scale prototyped in the Phase II effort.

Materials Sciences Corporation
135 Rock Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Anthony Caiazzo
N101-044      Awarded:7/8/2010
Title:Embedded Acoustic Sensors on the Surface of Composite Sonar Domes and Aluminum Hull Sections (MSC P2102)
Abstract:The Naval Underwater Warfare Center (NUWC) is seeking innovative methods for developing low cost conformal sensor arrays. The embedded sensor solution must be robust from the standpoint of installation, connectivity, and in-service durability. To address this need, Materials Sciences Corporation and its manufacturing partners are proposing to develop and demonstrate innovative, structurally robust encapsulation material technologies that will protect the sensors while allowing acoustic performance across a wide frequency range. Phase I of this SBIR program is structured to establish the feasibility of creating low cost conformal sensor arrays on aluminum and/or composite structures. This will be achieved through a series of materials selection studies, manufacturing process trials, and fabrication of prototype aluminum and composite panels that include arrays of embedded acoustic sensors. A set of acoustic performance validation tests will be conducted on the proposed low-cost conformal array concepts under the proposed optional task to facilitate transition to the Phase II prototyping program.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Dave Baird
N101-044      Awarded:7/8/2010
Title:Embedded Acoustic Sensors on the Surface of Composite Sonar Domes and Aluminum Hull Sections
Abstract:As the Navy moves toward composite material solutions for sonar system dome development and non-steel hull materials, there will be an increased need for embedding sensors on the surface of these structures. In particular, as the Navy develops new and improved aluminum hull structures and/or composite sonar domes, there is an opportunity to integrate low cost conformal sensor arrays on both these surfaces, thereby improving overall sonar system performance. There is also a need to be able to repair these systems in order to maintain overall USW performance.

NuGen Mobility, Inc
44645 Guilford Drive Suite 201
Ashburn, VA 20147
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 858-0036
John Salatino
N101-045      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Advanced Marine Generator for Combatant Craft
Abstract:NuGen Mobility, Inc. (NuGen) is proposing an innovative solution for future combatant craft generators based on its patented axial flux PM motor technology and a novel high efficiency three-chamber internal combustion engine. While it has been recognized that permanent magnet motors offer higher overall efficiency and result in lower overall Cost of Energy (COE), axial flux topologies have been shown to present more significant improvements to power density and efficiency. Furthermore, NuGen has demonstrated that Variable Air Gap Axial Flux Motors have higher efficiencies across the operating range and not just at one “sweet spot”. Combining this with the proposed three-chamber engine leads to more cost- effective and physically smaller solutions, while providing the flexibility to adapt to varying use and operating conditions. Applying this to marine generator applications will present the highest efficiencies at multiple modes of operation, with exceedingly lower weight-to-power rations than conventional generators. The proposed design is efficient, meets power demands on the order of two to three times current capability, has weight-to-power ratios less than or equal to 20-30 lbs/kW, supplies clean AC and DC power simultaneously, and requires limited maintenance and limited or no support systems.

QM Power, Inc.
4747 Troost Avenue
Kansas City, MO 64110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(816) 537-5306
Joseph Flynn
N101-045      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Advanced Lightweight Scalable Marine Generators for Combatant Crafts
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is demonstrate the design feasibility of an innovative QM Power 25-30 kW combatant craft generator with a weight-to-power ratio of 20 lbs/kW or less, perform bench top experimentation to demonstrate concepts and complete a preliminary design that addresses the needs as identified above. This project will evaluate QM Power’s patented and proprietary magnetic circuit to reduce weight, volume and capital cost, improve the reliability and reduce the installation, operations and maintenance costs of the generator components in marine generator applications. QM Power will target reducing the weight of the currently utilized 25-30kW marine generators from about 1,800 pounds to less than 500 pounds by incorporating its patented and proprietary generator design into an existing marine generator system.

Materials Systems Inc.
543 Great Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 486-0404
Barry Doust
N101-046      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Wideband Acoustic Communications Transducer
Abstract:The goal of the proposed program is to combine the functionality of the TR-232, TR-233 and ITC-1007 transducers into a single high performance transducer that can meet all of the NavyÕs submarine acoustic communications requirements. All this needs to packaged into a form factor that fits within the current TR-233 footprint and include both transmit and receive response. Materials Systems Inc. (MSI) proposal is comprehensive and includes: the design (Phase I), fabrication and performance testing (Phase II), and the qualification and manufacturing (Phase III) of a wideband ACOMMs transducer for installation on submarines. MSI is bringing years of similar experience in the design, development and manufacturing of wideband transducers for Navy and commercial applications to ensure successful development of the wideband acoustic communications transducer.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Kevin Snook
N101-046      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Flextensional Wideband Acoustic Communications Using PMN-PT
Abstract:The goal of the Navy is to consolidate performance of the TR-232 and TR-233 transducers, as well as provide additional functionality in a compact transmit/receive device for communications. TRS Technologies proposes to utilize the advantages of single crystal piezoelectrics to provide the high bandwidth and source level necessary to cover multiple frequency bands. TRS will team with Ultra Electronics Ocean Systems to develop a small, low frequency transducer package capable of transmit/receive. One design utilizes a flextensional mode that provides acoustic directionality. Maximizing reliability will be a key focus, as well as reducing costs through processing and measuring TVR. A cost analysis will be performed, and the transducer performance will be compared with current single crystal state-of-the-art, to optimize performance in Phase II.

C3I, Inc.
4 Merrill Industrial Dr. Ste 108
Hampton, NH 03842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 929-9989
Brian Cook
N101-047      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Integrated Communications System-Next : ACCS-ICSN
Abstract:The Advanced COmmunication and Control System Integrated Communication System Next (ACCS-ICSN) effort proposes to develop a new Integrated Communication System based on VoIP technology, Web based services, IP Tactical Terminals, and IP Wireless technology that employs open industry standard communications technology to the maximum extent possible. The design approcah will be based on a commercial Ethernet IEEE 802.x open architecture standard that will seamlessly interface with commerical communication equipment such as wireless phones, VoIP telephones, and IP cameras. THe proposed design architectuer will provide IP Based tactical terminals, provide interface capability to legacy communication equipment including Sound Powered Telephones, and Analog and ISDN based equipment. Our approach will provide Information Assurance Accreditation, encryption, and high levels of security. The design will be architected to protect bandswidth, to survive battle damage, and to provide a high degree of fault tolerance. The architctuer will be formulated to specifically embrace technology changes and upgrades using modular and industry standard architecture definitions to ensure telecom advances have a direct pathway for integration into the ACCS-ICSN

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 479-0300
Will Farnham
N101-047      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Integrated Communications System-Next
Abstract:The existing VA class submarine internal communications system (ICS) while functional is a closed system. The system is difficult and expensive to upgrade, lacks technical innovation, and is nearly impossible to upgrade with the submarine force’s technical insertion program. Breaking the larger “ICS” problem up in to smaller portions and attacking each individually will eliminate these issues. Specifically, utilizing open source software readily available under GNU public license to reduce cost and provide innovation; utilizing the TI/APB tech refresh program for hardware purchasing, common hardware troubleshooting methodologies; integrate well understood information assurance components available to the submarine community; expand non traditional communications methods (text, picture messaging) not yet available on any naval vessel, and finally expand the core ICS functionalities (voice communications, alarms, etc) in to the other on-board submarine enclaves. Additionally, breaking up the ICS in to smaller functional groups enables the program office to give multiple companies/groups the ability to revolutionize different aspects of the ICS without affect its overall availability/operability requirements.

Rite-Solutions
110 W. Broad Street P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-3399
Edward Hole
N101-047      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Integrated Communications System-Next
Abstract:The concept, design, and instantiation of a Next Generation Integrated Communication System represents a clear opportunity for the DoD and Navy to leverage and intelligently apply advances in communication methodologies and communication endpoint technologies, future Navy shipboard Open Architecture (OA) processing and network infrastructures, and the services-oriented architectural model. Objective research, investigation, and review of these technologies individually, and the specification of a broadly integrated services- oriented ICS presents an excellent opportunity to address key Navy Next Generation ICS and platform objectives: „« Advanced concepts of operation „« Adoption of a Flexible and Open Architecture framework for ICS „« Improved communication information assurance & security capabilities „« Enhanced Mission Effectiveness and Total Ship Management „« Reduce Total Ownership Cost (TOC) Rite-Solutions¡¦ direct experience with OA systems, reliable and robust commercial communication and transaction systems, future DoD/Navy shipboard architectures, and our related experience in Human System Integration (HSI) and Information Assurance (IA) domains provides a unique and innovative approach to next generation ICS issues and opportunities.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5885 Trinity Parkway Suite 230
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Jim Farrell
N101-048      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Environmentally Constrained Naval Search Planning Algorithms
Abstract:The current ASW route planning and asset allocation algorithms suffer from several major shortcomings. First, the current capability provides solutions that are often counterintuitive and have little tactical utility. Second, the operator has virtually no insight or control over the solutions. Third, the current capability emphasizes an overt and offensive ASW posture when developing solutions. Combined, these shortcomings mean that operators are presented with a solution, have no understanding of why it is effective, cannot impact the solution with knowledge and constraints that only the operator knows, and must ultimately make an “all or nothing” decision to follow the generated plan. As a result, the current capability is effectively a black box solution that is effective for a very small set of problems and does not allow the operator to explore and analyze the search space. The existing Navy Mission Planning capability focuses on “overt search” by optimizing a single objective function called the Cumulative Probability of Detection. The proposed solution, Context-Aware Multiple Objective Planning (CMOP), expands its applicability by considering multiple objective optimization where the objective functions are selected based on mission context.

Applied Mathematics, Inc.
1622 Route 12, Box 637
Gales Ferry, CT 06335
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 464-7259
William Browning
N101-048      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Environmentally Constrained Naval Search Planning Algorithms
Abstract:The Undersea Warfare Decision Support System (USW-DSS), currently employed by Carrier Strike Groups for integrated command and control and anti-submarine warfare (ASW), uses the Operational Route Planner (ORP) that incorporates a genetic algorithm to define optimal ASW search tracks. This capability does not currently consider route planning and supporting ASW operations in the context of avoiding, where operationally feasible, environmentally sensitive areas that may be on the track or within the operating area of the strike group. The purpose of this effort is to develop a computer-based routing program that can be implemented into USW-DSS which will use the same input/output structure as ORP, but also incorporate environmental/protected species databases and the Marine Acoustic Propagation System (MAPS) being developed for National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). MAPS will provide the ability to estimate received ship and aircraft radiated noise levels as well as that from medium frequency active (MFA) and high frequency active (HFA) sonar systems. This enhancement to ORP functionality will allow operators to maximize strike group ASW effectiveness and route planning efficiency while also minimizing the impact on environmentally sensitive areas from strike group-generated noise.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 326-2840
Lawrence Stone
N101-048      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Search Planning System with Environmental Constraints - MP 09-10
Abstract:The existing route planning and asset allocation algorithms in USW DSS produce plans to maximize a measure such as Cumulative Detection Probability (CDP) for a sensor searching for a target. These algorithms take into account the environment in order to calculate signal excess and the CDP of the search paths considered in producing a recommended plan, ideally one that maximizes CDP within the operational constraints provided by the operator. However, for search involving active sonar, these plans do not take into account the need to minimize Marine Mammal Impact (MMI). The goal of the proposed effort is to develop a route planning and asset allocation approach that will provide the user with range of plans that allow the operator to see the tradeoff between maximizing CDP and minimizing MMI. The tradeoff will be present visually in terms of curve of CDP versus MMI. Using the curve, the operator can choose the tradeoff appropriate for the operational situation.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Alan Cisar
N101-049      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:A Sea-Powered Radio Beacon with Extended Storage and Operating Capabilities
Abstract:Submarine Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (SEPIRB) are carried aboard all submarines to send an emergency signal if a submarine is trapped on the bottom and unable to surface. Currently they use primary lithium batteries for power which have a limited shelf life limiting the life of the buoy. At the same time the amount of data transmitted is limited. The sea is an active environment, with a deployed buoy in constant motion. Harnessing this motion to generate electrical power is the key to a system with a much longer storage life. We propose to harness this motion using a polymer based electrochemical system. The polymer system is superior to a tradition piezoelectric because it offers a better frequency and potential match. Piezoelectric systems are efficient at high frequencies, but wave energy is only available at frequencies under 1 Hz where the polymer systems are much more effective. This will be combined with an improved electronics package to increase the amount of information transmitted. The system proposed here will include a storable seawater battery for fast starting and be deployed from the same 3” system as the current buoys. These features make adaption of the improved buoy relatively simple.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 971-2027
Mark Carlson
N101-049      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Self Powered, Submarine Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (SEPIRB)
Abstract:Naval submarines depend on reliable methods of communicating status to Fleet Command. In the event of a disaster, it is imperative to have a backup method to transmit a distress signal. SEPIRBs (Submarine Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons) provide this function. Once released these beacons float to the ocean surface and transmit status and position to the COSPAS/SARSAT satellite system, which then passes the information to search and rescue teams. Because lives and assets are at stake, it is imperative that SEPIRBs function reliably. Before being fielded, beacons must meet strict feature and performance requirements. Fielded units must also undergo regular testing of both the electronics and the batteries. In order to increase reliability and shelf life and to reduce maintenance requirements, SA Photonics has developed a self-powered SEPIRB that does not use traditional batteries. Our SEPIRB uses a combination of an energy harvesting system (to generate energy from wave motion) and a high tech. quick charge battery alternative (to store energy). Unique power sources (with a longer shelf life than traditional batteries) have been added to provide fast start-up and minimal delay to first location fix and first transmission of a distress signal to the COSPAS-SARSAT system.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0572
Jerry Nardi
N101-049      Awarded:10/1/2010
Title:Self Powered, Submarine Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (SEPIRB)
Abstract:High technology small business Techno-Sciences, Inc. in partnership with Submarine Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (SEPIRB) manufacturer Ultra Electronic Ocean Systems Inc. proposes the development of next generation, self powered SEPIRB. Many innovations in the design of the beacon and powering are proposed including improved hardware, various software configurations appropriate for the next generation COSPAS- SARSAT system, as well as, a unique set of energy harvesting mechanisms that will help the device achieve long shelf life. The beacon will be easy to maintain and can be deployed using standard operating procedures.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 442-7032
Deanelle Symonds
N101-049      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:A Wave-powered Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB) for Submarine Deployment
Abstract:Emergency position indicating radio beacons currently have very short opeveration lifetimes (=48hrs) due to the limited onboard battery power. The ability to harvest ocean energy could greatly enhance the operational lifetime of EPIRB, and hence increase the probability of rapid search, rescue and recovery of crew and equipment. Trex Enterprises, teaming with Raytheon Network Centric Systems, proposes to develop a self-powered EPIRBfor submarine deployment. The energy capture mechanism will employ a miniaturized version of Trex’s proven wave energy harvesting technology and will be capable of efficiently generating 10-15W, even at low sea states. The harvested energy will be utilized to directly power a transmitter that relays a situation report and current GPS location to rescue commands at 30-minute intervals. Excess power will be stored in an onboard rechargeable battery to assure uninterrupted operations even in the lowest sea state. To assure full compliance with beacon data transmission requirements, Trex plans to team with Raytheon NCS, a world leader in military communications systems. Under Phase 1, we will complete the concept engineering and system engineering and under Phase II , we will build, test and deliver 2 fully-functional EPIRB prototypes to NAVSEA.

Honeybee Robotics
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 459-7835
Jack Craft
N101-050      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Man Transportable Robotic System (MTRS) Remote Digger and Hammer Chisel
Abstract:Honeybee Robotics proposes to develop an attachment for MTRS platforms that will provide the capability to dig into hard packed soils and break up concrete. Short of using explosives, a means for uncovering IEDs concealed in hard-packed soil or concrete using a MTRS platform does not currently exist. The tool proposed here will bridge the existing technology gap by making it possible to penetrate and remove IED-concealing soil or concrete while preserving the ability to use the robot’s gripper after the IED is uncovered. This effort’s basic objective is to bring the capability of commercially available man-portable concrete breakers (e.g. “chipping guns”) to MTRS platforms in the field. Off-the-shelf tools are effective and reliable, but poorly suited to MTRS platforms due to their size, weight, power consumption and required consumables. To Therefore, Honeybee Robotics will develop an MTRS- compatible soil-digging and concrete-breaking tool that is lightweight, robust, and reliable. In Phase 1, Honeybee Robotics will conduct testing and data analysis to aid in defining requirements and system limitations and design and model an MTRS soil-digging and concrete-breaking tool.

RE2, Inc.
4925 Harrison Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Jorgen Pedersen
N101-050      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Tangential Rotary-impact Tool (TRT) for MTRS robots
Abstract:As currently-fielded robots and bomb-disposal personnel become more adept at detecting, inspecting, and disabling conventional Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), the enemy has begun to adopt tactics of both disguising and limiting access to the explosive device or detonation mechanism. A popular approach has been to encase the device and explosives in compacted soil or concrete, effectively preventing currently fielded Man Transportable Robotic System (MTRS) units such as the TALON and Packbot from inspecting or neutralizing the device. To eliminate this enemy tactic, this proposal presents our concept for the Tangential Rotary-Impact Tool (TRT). The proposed Tangential Rotary-impact Tool (TRT) is a strap-on addition for all MTRS units, designed to break-up and cut through packed soil, conrete, and steel-reinforced concrete to expose the encased IED. The tool is remotely operated, requires minimal operator training, and does not affect the run time or functionality of the base robotic platform.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 500
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Daniel Theobald
N101-050      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Man Transportable Robotic System (MTRS) Remote Digger and Hammer Chisel
Abstract:Current robotic MTRS EOD removal platforms have great difficulty dealing with buried EODs because their small size is insufficient to support the necessary excavation tools. Vecna Technologies, Inc. proposes a novel solution in our mechanically actuated pneumatic impact digger. The digger''s hammer chisel is mechanically actuated by pressing its tip against a surface; an innovative pneumatic shuttle automatically cycles pressurized gas and outside air to rapidly move the pistonb. The system requires no external valving or electrical power, is robust to failure through a simple four part design, is modular, and does not impact mission duration or power consumption.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 363-3396
Matthew Miller
N101-051      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Simplified Topside Design and Assessment Tool
Abstract:The RCS of a ship is a key parameter for determining the range at which such ships can be detected and targeted by enemy forces. During the development of a new ship, the Navy spends a great deal of time studying the RCS for a wide variety of configurations. Navy engineers and analysts need to be able to quickly compute the RCS for a proposed ship design and compare the resulting RCS with other designs as well as the RCS budget allocated for the ship. Delcross Technologies proposes to develop a radar budget code that will allow analysts to rapidly assess the RCS of a ship for many different configurations. The tool will allow analysts to ingest CAD files for ship components and associated RCS data that can be articulated and manipulated through a sophisticated GUI. The prototype radar budget tool will be capable of performing coherent or noncoherent summations of RCS data files. The user will be able to set up the analysis through a GUI that includes 3D rendering, ocean interactions, plotting capabilities, and a hierarchical tree. A blockage check feature and the ability to specify theoretical material part treatments will be options available to the user.

Temeku Technologies Incorporated
13873 Park Center Road Suite 217
Herndon, VA 20171
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 437-7949
Hugh McCoy
N101-051      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Simplified Topside Design and Assessment Tool
Abstract:A ship’s Radar Cross Section (RCS) affects the range at which Navy surface ships can be detected and targeted by adversary radar and missiles. Currently, RCS can either be quickly estimated, with high error margin, by comparing the candidate ship’s shape and size to known ships or accurately calculated through modeling and simulation efforts over several months. An approximate analysis method is needed that allows for rapid assessment of multiple design considerations and tradeoff studies during the preliminary ship design phases. Temeku proposes a methodology, the RCS Estimation Method, which manifests itself in the creation of a Signature Management Tool (SMT) that allows the user to go from concept to RCS analysis in a day and also define, maintain, and augment high fidelity models. This solution uses software applications created and validated over the past ten years, such as the Hip Pocket Estimator and “Pretty Good RCS Code” (PGRC). The integration of these applications into the SMT allows RCS analysts to create RCS budgets and analyze a design concept within a day. Once completed, an expert user of the SMT can save many man-years of effort associated with concept development, minimizing analysis lag, and redesign activities.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4508
Daniel Peairs
N101-052      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Novel Composite Pressure Vessel Structures With High Heat Transfer and Fire Resistance Properties
Abstract:The conversion of metal components on high performance vehicles to polymer reinforced composites allows significant weight savings over metal structures. Current battery bottles for deep submersible vehicles have been designed from titanium, which is expensive to produce and has low (relative to metals) thermal conductivity. Luna Innovations Incorporated’s experience in developing both fire retardant and thermally conductive composites will allow design of a reduced weight aluminum-lined carbon/epoxy composite replacement for the titanium bottle. Luna will formulate a fire retardant resin system with dispersed additives including carbon/metallic fibers to increase the thermal conductance of carbon composite material to levels equivalent to titanium. Additives will be aligned using low strength magnetic fields perpendicular to the primary reinforcing fiber direction during cure to further improve through-thickness conductance while maintaining a viscosity compatible with filament winding. Weight savings of 25%-50% compared to titanium bottles are anticipated. High fidelity modeling will ensure that the composite design maintains at least the same level of strength and resistance for the unique loading profiles of deep submersible vehicles such as the ASDS.

Thermacore, Inc.
780 Eden Road
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 285-6580
Mark Montesano
N101-052      Awarded:7/15/2010
Title:Highly Conductive Composite Pressure Vessel Structures with Fire Resistance Properties
Abstract:Several types of submersibles, including the Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS), house batteries and associated electronics in externally mounted pressure vessels. As batteries are charged or discharged, heat builds up in the cells, increasing the chance of thermal runaway of a given cell. Standard composite materials are not highly efficient at transferring heat. A lightweight composite pressure vessel that would maximize the transfer of any heat developed by the battery and electronics from within a composite pressure vessel to the ambient environment (i.e. seawater) is needed to safely house these systems. The pressure vessel must be able to do this while maintaining sufficient structural strength to withstand external collapse pressures. k Technology, a division of Thermacore, proposes to develop a composite pressure vessel that will satisfy the program goals. This proposed vessel will be constructed of an innovative composite material with high thermal conductivity (>250 W/mK or >35X that of 6AL4V titanium), low mass density (< ½ of 6AL4V titanium), with stiffness and high strength properties equivalent to titanium. The proposed k Technology concept is to develop a high performance composite materials system which will provide both a highly conductive thermal path and structural protection for the encased battery system.

BST Systems Inc
78 Plainfield Pike Road
Plainfield, CT 06374
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 564-4078
Patrick Imhof
N101-054      Awarded:7/21/2010
Title:Novel Methods to Improve Performance of Silver-Zinc Batteries
Abstract:BST Systems proposes a development program that will result in the elimination of the deficiencies of the silver zinc chemistry: Specifically, the program will result in large format silver zinc cells and batteries that have longer life, longer cycle life, are sealed and will require minimal maintenance requirements. Energy densities and power densities will equal or exceed that of lithium ion, however, unlike the lithium ion electrochemistry, they will be safe. This new technology will greatly benefit the Navy as they will have available a safe high energy electric propulsion capability utilizing a safe high energy large format battery. In the recent past, a vast amount of technologic advances have been made in electrochemical and fuel cell technologies with synthetic polymer membrane development. BST proposes to incorporate these technologies into large format silver zinc cells to achieve: a) An increase in calendar life and cycle life by eliminating the cellulosic separator systems b) An increase the cyclic capacity retention by significantly reducing the loss of negative electrode active material. c) The production of a maintenance free product by sealing the cell. This is achievable by reducing internal cell corrosion, reducing and recombining gaseous by- products and automatically micro-managing the charge process.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Raouf Loutfy
N101-054      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Advanced AgO-Zn Battery with Wider Temperature Range and Improved Cycle Life
Abstract:Silver-zinc rechargeable batteries are widely accepted as they offers 40% more runtime over lithium-ion batteries and 95% of their primary elements can be recycled and reused. However, these batteries need to achieve a further level of improvement with better cycle life and wider temperature range for large scale commercial acceptance. In this Navy SBIR program, Material and Electrochemical Research (MER) Corporation proposes a novel battery structure that differs from conventional battery design in that the electrodes are made out of a unique porous material that provides storage of silver and zinc containing liquids within their porous structure. These electrode structures do not need a impermeable separator. This new battery is simpler in construction, more efficient and less expensive than those that are currently available. The possibility that batteries having this type of electrode can be integrated with classic high temperature ionic salts for better cycle life and longevity will be explored. This Phase I work will include an assessment of the potential for manufacturability of these advanced large size format battery systems. Based on Phase I results, a 260V high capacity prototype will be developed in Phase II.

Yardney Technical Products, Inc.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Roberto Serenyi
N101-054      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Novel Methods to Improve Performance of Silver-Zinc Batteries
Abstract:This SBIR Program is aimed at developing improved large format, high energy silver zinc cells and batteries that can exceed 1 Mega-watt-hours per cycle for greater than 36 cycles and two years operation. It is aimed not only to seek innovative improvements to the cell components such as the silver oxide electrodes, zinc electrodes, separator and electrolyte but also to address system level components such as cell containment, and battery trays to improve thermal management of the battery and battery management electronics to improve cell balancing while mitigating potential for cell overcharge/over discharge. It will be achieved through the development and use of improved zinc electrodes, novel separator materials designed to either replace or facilitate the present cellulosic separators. The cell and battery containment components will be optimized to facilitate the battery thermal management characteristics to include conductive thermoplastics and encapsulating pyrolytic graphite that increases thermal conductivities significantly higher than the presently used fiberglass components. Battery Management electronics will also be evaluated to facilitate battery performance optimization and safety while applying similar methodologies and controls used on high voltage lithium ion battery systems.

International Association of Virtual Org., Inc.
DBA, IAVO Research and Scientific 345 West Main St., Ste. 201
Durham, NC 27701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 433-2405
Jenn Carter
N101-055      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Integrated Power System Manager (IPSManager)
Abstract:The Navy requires methods for automated real time power management that optimize fuel resources, predict future energy requirements and create aggregate level models for dynamic management of devices within integrated power systems. The need to monitor and control energy resources will increase as Navy vessels are retrofit with new technologies. Current methods limit optimization of energy resources in that they do not anticipate future energy requirements, thus limiting strategic energy allocation within an integrated power system. IAVO proposes IPSManagerTM (Power Allocation Management System), that will control the production and allocation of energy aboard Naval ships and address several shortcomings of current technologies: • The use of probabilistic Markov models to estimate future energy demands to find optimal strategies for allocation; • Developing a trade-space between energy cost and QOS to efficiently maintain performance of critical systems; • Incorporating support for distributed systems to ensure reliability of power supply to critical infrastructure during catastrophic losses; • Developing an intelligent processing method which marries benefits of computationally intensive mathematical and real time solutions; and • Reducing life cycle costs through an interoperable open architecture that can be easily installed across multiple ship platforms and can incorporate energy demands for new devices.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9973
Charles Prisco
N101-055      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Advanced Power Management for In-Service Combatants
Abstract:MSI and subcontractor, Fairmount Automation, propose to develop the capability to monitor and control different power sources to maintain voltage and power system stability with a master controller while maximizing efficiency for a Navy ship under different operating modes. The Navy is taking advantage of opportunities for more efficient and flexible shipboard power generation using technologies such as Hybrid Electric Drives (HED), Electric Propulsion Systems (EPS), and advanced energy storage devices. The issue is that current power management methodology and products lack the capability to support emerging Navy requirements. The Phase I SBIR effort includes shipboard data collection by the PI. The data collected will be used (a) to refine the system requirements, (b) to identify or confirm the limitations in current power management related hardware and software, and (c) by Fairmount Automation to validate a virtual model for the proposed power management system with “real-world” information. The Phase I models form the basis for defining the power management system architecture, testing control algorithms that aim to efficiently and optimally share power under various expected operating load scenarios, and allow an assessment of potential development risk areas. Phase II concludes with a validated prototype system.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kevin Degrood
N101-055      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Power Generation and Load Balancing
Abstract:To address the Navy need for an advanced power management system that will provide the capability to monitor and adjust energy generation sources, energy storage, and dynamic loads for enhanced shipboard distribution performance, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Power Generation and Load Balancing (PGLOBAL) system. This proposed technology is based on distributed sensors, matrix switches, and digital signal processing. The innovation in controlling and monitoring both sources and loads will enable the PGLOBAL system to adaptively match available source capacities with load demands. As a result, this system offers enhanced hybrid electric drive capability for DDG-51 Class destroyers and single-operator ease-of-use, which directly address the Fleet Support Office requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of PGLOBAL by connecting heterogeneous power sources and diverse loads with specific requirements to the prototype system, and then validating its operation through: dynamically changing, disconnecting, and connecting some of the loads; inducing additional impulsive and oscillatory transients if required; and switching the power sources between EPS and PDSS modes. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an enhanced prototype that meets specific shipboard installation requirements.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
N101-056      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Compact and/or MEMS-based gas-sampling sensors for analysis of battery offgassing
Abstract:Agiltron proposes to develop an integrated stand-alone multiple gas sensor for small spaces suitable for detection of gases emitted from batteries. The proposed composite gas sensor is based on multiplexed wavelength modulated tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS). Using multiple diode lasers that are tuned to the near infrared absorption band of the gases, the sensor will accurately determine low-concentration composition of the atmosphere around it. Although table top multiple gas optical sensors have been demonstrated, small stand-alone units have yet to be developed for commercial-scale production. The laser package, optics, and electronics expertise of Agiltron would allow us to develop a system that overcomes the remaining hurdles for the commercial-scale production of multiplexed composite gas sensors.

AlphaSense, Inc.
470 Century Blvd.
Wilmington, DE 19808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 998-1116
Pengcheng Lv
N101-056      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Compact, Low Cost, MEMS Hotplate Sensors for Battery Offgassing Analysis
Abstract:In this proposal, Alphasense Inc. and the Institute for MEMS and VLSI technologies at the George Washington University detail the development of compact, low cost MEMS microhotplate sensors for battery offgassing analysis. Key innovations of the proposed sensor include: a) the application of metal oxide coated microhotplates to ensure high sensitivity and stability, b) the application of a bi-layer structure and temperature modulation to enhance the sensor selectivity, c) the sol-gel sensor film fabrication process to substantially lower the manufacturing cost of a large sensor array; and d) the application of Principal Component Analysis(PCA) and Back Propagation Network (BPN) algorithms for pattern recognition and accurate determination of individual gas concentration. With these innovations, the proposed sensor will have the following merits: a) superior sensitivity and selectivity, b) capable of detecting a wide range of gas species of interest, c) compact and low cost, d) very low power consumption, e) standalone system, and f) robust and reliable in relatively harsh environment.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Silviu Velicu
N101-056      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Compact MOEMS-based gas-sampling sensors for analysis of battery offgassing
Abstract:In order to satisfy the Navy’s needs for the detection and identification of volatile organic compounds and other gases relevant to the compromise of lithium-ion batteries, we propose a compact, low-cost sensor based on the integration of HgCdTe emitter and photodiode detection technologies with micro-opto-electromechanical systems (MOEMS) technology. The size/weight/power characteristics of the proposed sensor are significantly superior to current Fourier transform-based optical sensor characteristics. The sensor is operated in a stand-off mode and has longer lifetimes than those of conventional solid state sensors based on chemo-sensitive layers. MOEMS technology will be used to tune the sensor wavelength, allowing for multiple agent detection. We will perform optical, electronic and systems studies and develop pattern recognition algorithms for quantitative spectral decomposition and compound identification. We will build a characterization set-up to assess the sensitivity, selectivity, false positive rates and probability of detection. These figures of merit will be compared with those obtained in standard Fourier transform setups.

Innovative Micro Technology
75 Robin Hill road
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 331-4552
Jaquelin Spong
N101-056      Awarded:7/14/2010
Title:Compact and/or MEMS-based gas-sampling sensors for analysis of battery offgassing
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I SBIR project will prototype a MEMS- based gas sensor. The MEMS-based gas sensor uses a microfabricated photonic crystal to emit infrared light in a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. The wavelength can be tuned by design to overlap an absorption band of methane, for example, to make a very small, very sensitive, very efficient detector of methane or other target gas. The MEMS- based approach also includes a microfabricated anti-reflective structure(SWARS), which uses microfabricated sub-wavelength features to reduce the effective index of refraction of the wafer material. The SWARS structure forms the lid which encapsulates the MEMS photonic crystal.

Next Dimension Technologies
1 West Mountain Street #11
Pasadena, CA 91103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 578-1296
William Royea
N101-056      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Detection of Battery Offgassing Using Chemiresisive Microsensor Arrays
Abstract:Next Dimension Technologies proposes to develop and commercialize a chemiresistive- based sensor system that can detect offgassing of batteries that are commonly used in naval applications. The specific focus of the project will be to develop a sensor array with sub-ppm sensitivity towards gaseous analytes associated with standard battery operation and malfunction. The sensitivity and performance characteristics of the sensor array, which will consist of novel organometallic and nanoparticle composite films, will be evaluated against a series of representative battery offgassing vapors under various environmental conditions. In an optional extension period, the sensors will be tested and optimized using actual vapors generated from real batteries under various operating conditions. In a continuing Phase II effort, the company will design and build an integrated prototype, optimize the system for real world conditions, and evaluate the performance attributes and operational limits of the detection system in field tests.

NexTech Materials, Ltd.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Lewis Center, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Lora Thrun
N101-056      Awarded:7/19/2010
Title:Compact and/or MEMS-based gas-sampling sensors for analysis of battery offgassing
Abstract:Availability of robust and reliable sensors for battery health monitoring is essential to the safe implementation and use of re-chargeable batteries in military applications. Lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, and lithium ion batteries, for example, are critical to a number of existing and emerging power systems in naval vehicles. When over-charged, degraded or damaged, each of these batteries emits hazardous gases that can cause explosions if left unchecked. In the proposed Phase I SBIR project, NexTech Materials, Ltd. will leverage its ceramic gas sensor technology platform to develop sensor devices aimed at battery health monitoring for Navy applications. Two types of sensors will be pursued. Through optimization of its chemi-resistive hydrogen sensor technology, NexTech will develop a sensor capable of detecting low concentrations of hydrogen for monitoring of hydrogen- emitting batteries (i.e. lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, and silver-zinc). Through material substitutions and optimization studies, NexTech will also adapt its sensor technology for monitoring gaseous species emitted from degraded lithium ion batteries. In the Phase I Option, NexTech will design a prototype device and test plan, for fabrication and execution in Phase II, that integrates these discreet sensor technologies into a single battery health monitoring device.

Analysis and Measurement Services Corporation
AMS 9111 Cross Park Drive Building A
Knoxville, TN 37923
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 691-1756
Dan Beverly
N101-057      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Incipient Failure Detection Device For Submerged Outboard Cables
Abstract:A hands-on research and development effort is proposed for an advanced portable cable testing system with specific monitoring and diagnostic capabilities for submerged outboard electrical cables installed in U.S. Navy surface craft and submarines. The focus in Phase I will be on design of equipment and software algorithms for in-situ detection of degradation in SubHDR Dip Loop Cabling, or other cables of immediate interest to the Navy. The test system will incorporate a variety of specialized cable evaluation techniques that will be proven in the laboratory. These techniques will include upgraded and/or modified variations of the proposing firm’s proprietary data acquisition and analysis algorithms and will include easy-to-use menus and system interfaces. The system design will be ruggedized for use in shipboard or shipyard environments and will use state-of-the art, high speed, high resolution, computer-aided data acquisition equipment built especially for cable testing.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4630
Devendra Tolani
N101-057      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Submersible Outboard Cable Failure Detection and Prediction using Large Bandwidth, Time Domain Reflectometry
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) details the development of an innovative, cable testing technology based on High Bandwidth Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) coupled with advanced signal processing algorithms. Soft faults, such as kinks, fractures, chafe and break in some of the conductors (which still maintain electrical continuity) are notoriously hard to troubleshoot and eventually lead to catastrophic system failure. Early detection of such soft faults can result in safer operations, more cost-effective maintenance, and help make remaining useful life predictions. However, no reliable methods for detection of soft faults have been developed to date. Recent experimental and simulation studies performed at IAI clearly demonstrate that the key to detect and locate soft faults is to utilize probe signals with extremely fast rise/fall times (in the order of tens of picoseconds). These studies also show that such faults have a unique signature which can be exploited for further processing gain. The proposed approach will detect and locates soft faults (in particular z- kinks) and evaluate the condition of specialized outboard electrical cables (in particular Submarine High Data Rate-SubHDR Dip Loop cable) to make statistical assessment of the remaining useful life (RUL).

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
6595 North Oracle Road
Tucson, AZ 85704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
James Hofmeister
N101-057      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Innovative Submersible Outboard Cable Failure Detection and Prediction Device
Abstract:Ridgetop Group will develop a non-destructive, ruggedized toolset consisting of a personal hand-held device that uses an innovative, compact Power Draw Correlation Technique to detect damage to multi-conductor Submersible High Data Rate (SubHDR) cables. The toolset also consists of an innovative adaptive time-to-failure (ATTF) prognostic algorithm to generate accurate remaining useful life (RUL) estimates for detected damaged cables, such as those in the sensor masts of Virginia class submarines. A hand-held device transmits pseudorandom bit sequences (PRBS) along the cable: in the presence of cable damage, the PRBS energy reflects along the cable and the scattered energy will not be random. Using auto-correlation (correlogram), non-random energy causes peaks in the correlation integral; a signal phase shift indicates the damage location. As the cable damage increases, the strength of the correlogram signal increases, and this signal characteristic is a fault-to-failure progression (FFP) signature that is input to the ATTF prognostic algorithm. Ridgetop will also investigate whether time-domain reflectometry (TDR) can determine damage locations.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
N101-058      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Alternating Injected Charge Electrospray
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for electrostatics-based technologies for protective coating application to complex ship structural surfaces, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Alternating Injected Charge Electrospray (ALICE) technology. This proposed device is based on a new design that utilizes in-house developed mature components and COTS components. The innovation in charge injection methodology and control of the spraying process will enable the ALICE coating system to produce uniform, edge-retentive, defect-free protective coatings on grounded metallic surfaces, while maintaining excellent compatibility with the wide range of Navy-qualified coating systems. As a result, this innovative technology offers non-line-of-sight, wrap-around structure coating, eliminating the overhead of unnecessary touchups, directly addressing the Ship’s PEO requirements for a reliable method of coating the irregularly shaped shipboard structures, such as ballast tanks, cargo holds, and hull voids. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ALICE by fabricating and testing a proof-of-concept benchtop prototype, evaluating the new approach versus the state-of-the-art (SOA) electrostatic and nonelectric technologies, and plan for Phase II. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and manufacture a practical, shipyard-deployable coating system, along with the operational protocols and documentation, for initial testing at the Navy shipbuilding facility.

Vision Point Systems, Inc.
1700 Kraft Drive Suite 2150
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 652-4828
Gerard Bohlander
N101-058      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Application of Coatings for Complex Ship Structural Surfaces Using Electrostatics
Abstract:The US Navy utilizes several corrosion control technologies to ensure that its ships and ship systems are protected from the harsh saltwater environment in which they operate. One of the most common corrosion control technologies utilized are barrier type coatings. These coatings act on the principle that if the key components necessary to the corrosion electro- chemical reaction are eliminated and/or limited, protection of a substrate can occur. Specifically, barrier coatings prevent oxygen, moisture, and ions from reaching the surface of the coated substrate, thus preventing corrosion. However, if a barrier coating exhibits low film thickness or holidays in the coating this prevention mechanism is compromised. Barrier coatings failures typically occur in areas that are difficult to cover due to substrate geometry such as blind areas behind T-bars and stiffeners as well as sharp corners where coatings tend to pull away during cure. To combat these known problem areas, the US Navy employs a combination of high solids, edge retentive coatings, specifications that require multiple coats (including hand applied stripe coats to complex areas), and strict quality assurance (QA) by a third party inspector. These processes increase the cost of tank preservation, and the combination of these efforts to apply barrier coatings has been considered a target area for cost reduction by the US Navy. Therefore, research and development efforts have been funded to improve the coatings technology by reducing the required number of coats and the cure time of the coating system. Both of these reductions contribute to reducing the time a contractor needs to preserve a ship board system. However, by reducing cure time and the number of coats the time and opportunity for QA checkpoints are also decreased, thereby increasing the risk of low film thickness and/or holidays in the coating system. The requirement of multiple coats and QA checkpoints for dry film thickness measurements and holiday detection are aimed at improving paint coverage on complex areas of tanks and voids. Another promising approach to providing better coverage of complex areas is the use of liquid electrostatic application technology. The liquid electrostatic application technology ensures uniform coverage of the barrier coating on complex geometries, thereby increasing the corrosion performance of the coating system.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery
N101-059      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Ultra Wide Bandwidth High Dynamic Range Digital ISR Receivers for the submarine force
Abstract:In this effort GIRD Systems proposes to develop an innovative ultra wideband radar EW receiver. The receiver can operate in very dense RF environments, and has the potential of meeting the high POI, large instantaneous RF bandwidth, and high dynamic range requirements. Phase I effort will develop a conceptual design for a hardware and software approach.

SEA CORP
62 Johnny Cake Hill Aquidneck Corporate Park
Middletown, RI 02842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-2260
William Goneau
N101-059      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Ultra Wide Bandwidth High Dynamic Range Digital ISR Receivers for the submarine force
Abstract:This effort to improve the capabilities of the ESM system will increase the reliability and reduce lifecycle support costs of the Radar Wideband (RWB) subsystem on submarines. Analog to digital converter (A/D) based digital receivers will be applied to yield improvements in Radar signal acquisition and processing. In-phase and Quadrature (I/Q) data streams will be created from which intra pulse modulations may be derived. Improvements for intercept and characterization will include: shorter and longer pulse width processing, signals with dynamic pulse repetition intervals, signals with frequency agility, and solid state transmitters. This will allow the Electronic Warfare systems the capability to meet the challenges brought about by the emergence of complex Continuous Wave (CW) solid state radars that threaten the stealth and secure operations of the submarine force. This will improve the submarine mission readiness and effectiveness.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Matthew Erdtmann
N101-060      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Autonomic 3-D Fire Targeting System
Abstract:In this program, Agiltron will partner with Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems (IDS) to build, test, and deliver to the Navy a 3-D Fire Targeting System that will be the first such system to meet the requirements for exterior shipboard fire detection in next-generation Navy warships, such as the Zumwalt-class DDG-1000 destroyer. The 3-D Fire Targeting System uses multiple thermal mapping cameras based on Agiltron’s uncooled photomechanical infrared imaging technology to detect and locate a fire on the deckhouse exterior to an accuracy of less than 2 ft. The location will be relayed to the Total Ship Computing Environment (TSCE) of the DDG-1000, which will then direct the Telerobotic Firefighting Nozzle (TFN) for extinguishment of the fire.

Hughes Associates, Inc.
3610 Commerce Drive Suite 817
Baltimore, MD 21227
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 737-8677
Gerard Back
N101-060      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Advanced, Automated Sensing and 3-D Control/Targeting System for Exterior Shipboard Fires
Abstract:During Phase I, the feasibility of developing and implementing an innovative automated fire detection and targeting system that can suppress fires anywhere on a typical deckhouse will be demonstrated. During the program, performance requirements and metrics will be defined and used as the basis of the assessment. At least one conceptual design will be developed and assessed based on the previously define performance requirements. The assessment will identify the potential capabilities and limitations of the system for this application. A Plan of Action and Milestones (POA&M) will also be developed to support a Phase II effort. This POA&M will include both system development and evaluation plans contain discrete milestones for product development for verifying performance and suitability.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Dan Fu
N101-060      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:High Resolution Fire Detection and Targeting with Multi-View, Multi-Sensor Stereo Vision
Abstract:This SBIR topic aims to develop a system for automatic detection and targeting of external uncontrolled deckhouse fires. The proposed Automatic Fire Detection and Targeting System (AFDTS) will use multiple thermal and visible-light sensors to detect and localize flames along the side of a deckhouse, triggering and guiding an automated fire suppression system. Thermal sensors will detect fires from multiple views, then refine their 3-d locations with visible-light stereo sensors using algorithms built on top of Stottler Henke’s existing prototype fire detection software, and finally fuse hypotheses across views into a single precise 3-d point location. Stottler Henke’s Phase I effort will result in a rigorous validation of this approach and a viable design for Phase II implementation. This will constitute a significant stride towards an automatic fire detection system in a radically new setting where high-resolution 3-d targeting is necessary.

Research Associates of Syracuse
111 Dart Circle
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Paul Rivkin
N101-061      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Multi-Algorithm Unique Emitter Identification
Abstract:This SBIR develops innovative SEF algorithms, overall methodology and techniques to fuse multiple algorithms to provide unique emitter identification in an open architecture real-time context for a submarine EW/ISR system. New as well as existing techniques for normal, very narrow and long pulses and intentionally modulated emitters (including FMCW) are investigated and characterized for selected customer emitters. This effort will leverage RAS’ Multi-Technique SEI Test-bed (FPGAs, and C/C++ code) to demonstrate multiple simultaneous algorithms providing increased identification performance and high confidence accurate reports. The effort builds on existing RAS multi-technique algorithms for emitters employing solid state, phased array, and advanced modulations. Techniques include intra- pulse features on instantaneous frequency, phase and intentional modulations, and multiple pulse temporal and spectral features. Hardware and software approaches are assessed and three or more algorithms in a well defined computational architecture are selected for subsequent PHASE II COTS NDI hardware implementation and demonstration with a 1 GHz IF. Interface control software allowing intuitive operation of the system and automatic techniques will minimize operator interaction and provide high confidence emitter reports. After Phase II, RAS will work with platform primes and the government to install and provide a technology demonstration on a submarine platform.

Teolis Consulting
8101 Hollygate Dr
Glenn Dale, MD 20769
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 352-3951
Anthony Teolis
N101-061      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Multi-Algorithm Unique Emitter Identification
Abstract:To combat the increasing sophistication in emitter design, we propose to develop a general, open architecture, multi-algorithm, wide-band emitter identification system. Given the diversity and breadth of solid state design techniques used in present day and future advanced radar systems, no one algorithm is expected to perform uniformly best with respect to emerging emitters of interest. Departing from the current single algorithm approach, the multi-algorithm approach uses a set of many algorithms each designed for a special subset of target emitters, or even a single target emitter. These multiple algorithms are collectively run in parallel to yield a best fitting identification solution. Our design is both extensible and forward compatible because it allows for near-arbitrary algorithms to be implemented within the architecture by establishing and following regimented interface control guidelines. A main goal of the entire design is to provide the ability to implement an arbitrary algorithm with minimal effort. This facilitates the streamlined development and implementation of yet-to-be developed techniques to be used against yet-to-be discovered emitters.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Russ Jeffers
N101-062      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Improved Torpedo Defense
Abstract:The proposed Phase I investigation is expected to yield innovative technologies for resolving closely spaced torpedo salvos approaching near endfire of towed array sensors. The approaches include active and passive signal processing methods that exploit physical phenomena characteristic of submerged, dynamic sound sources as well as false alarm reduction techniques afforded by multiple modalities. 3 Phoenix has extensive experience in the development of sensor processing technology and has been successful in transitioning leading edge technology to defense applications. We anticipate that the results of this effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the system approach and the path to implementation.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
40 Lloyd Avenue Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
W. Monach
N101-062      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Passive Tracking in Endfire
Abstract:In this project Wagner Associates, with Pennsylvania State University/Applied Research Laboratory (PSU/ARL) as a subcontractor, will develop Improved End-fire Tracking Algorithms (IETAs) that will accomplish the goals of this R&D project: I. Accurately resolve closely spaced multiple torpedoes in towed array end-fire II. Accurately track closely spaced multiple torpedoes in towed array end-fire III. Generate accurate and timely alerts for torpedoes in towed array end-fire To achieve Goal I we will utilize advanced techniques for estimating the number of objects in end-fire, and for estimating the bearing and spectrum of each object. To achieve Goal II we will take the detection reports produced the signal processing algorithms and maintain tracks over time using multiple hypothesis data fusion, Gaussian sum tracking and Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) target motion models, and Bayesian association techniques. To achieve Goal III we will utilize enhanced Bayesian inference techniques.

Beck Engineering
1490 Lumsden Road
Port Orchard, WA 98367
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 876-9710
Douglas Beck
N101-063      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Robust Rotary Union for High Speed, High Power Density Rotating Electrical Machines
Abstract:The Navy needs robust high-speed rotary unions for advanced liquid-cooled and high- temperature-superconducting (HTS) generators. We propose to develop hydrostatic bearing/seal rotary unions (HBSRUs) to meet Navy needs. Hydrostatic bearings can operate at large radii with fast rotational speeds, so our HBSRUs have room for large flow capabilities. The hydrostatic bearings offer the same advantages to our HBSRUs that hydrostatic bearings offer to spindles of high-precision high-speed machine tools (including nano-precision diamond-turning lathes for optics): high-speed capability, long life, durable, reliable, large damping of shocks and vibrations, and dynamically stable. Proprietary designs give our HBSRU for liquid-cooled generators minimal seal leakage and our HBSRU for HTS generators zero seal leakage. Our HBSRU uses materials that give our HBSRU graceful degradation to avoid catastrophic failures. In Phase I, we will develop initial conceptual designs of our HBSRU and establish performance goals and metrics to analyze the feasibility of our HBSRU. In Phase II, we will build and demonstrate prototype HBSRUs. In Phase III, we will transition our HBSRU into Navy systems and other systems in the government and private sector.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Clayton Hose
N101-063      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Zero Leakage Rotary Union for Gaseous Cryogen Transport
Abstract:Advances in naval weapon and propulsion technology are requiring large increases in power production. New technologies to meet these greater power demands has lead to advanced high speed, high power density electrical generators on-board naval vessels, which require active cooling of generator components. A significant problem experienced in the use of new generator technology is the transport of a coolant medium to the rotating portion of the generator. Existing commercially available rotary unions do not meet the stringent requirements for use on-board naval vessels. Mainstream proposes an innovative concept to meet these requirements. In Phase I, specific component calculations, selection, and evaluation will seek to identify and mitigate all deficiencies before prototype construction. Once detailed selection of all system components is complete, Mainstream will build and experimentally test the rotary union concept in a relevant environment (TRL 5). In Phase II, Mainstream will continue development of second generation concepts, field test prototypes in operational situations, and prepare the rotary union for commercialization.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang Lee
N101-063      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Cryogenic Liquid Operational Seal Enhanced Rotary Union
Abstract:To address the Navy need for high-speed rotary unions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Cryogenic Liquid Operational Seal Enhanced Rotary (CLOSER) union system. This proposed device is based on a novel design that is an extension of the POC mature family of low-speed rotary joints. The innovation in dynamic hydrostatic sealing technology enables CLOSER to provide a leakproof seal for high-power-density shipboard rotating machinery. As a result, this device offers high reliability and long life, which directly address the PMS 320 requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of CLOSER by modeling and simulation, along with laboratory demonstration of a prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an advanced TRL-6 prototype to show how the CLOSER approach supports the Navy need for high-speed rotary unions.

NALAS Engineering Services Inc.
20 STONEWALL ROAD
Salem, CT 06420
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 861-3691
Jerry Salan
N101-064      Awarded:7/9/2010
Title:Innovative Predictive Tools for Successful Processing of Propylene Glycol Dinitrate for Production of Otto Fuel II
Abstract:Innovative Predictive Tools for Successful Processing of Propylene Glycol Dinitrate for Production of Otto Fuel II: The proposed methods for developing predictive tools for processing propylene glycol dinitrate (PGDN)are based on sound chemical engineering principles related to mixing, separations, material and energy balances, and automation. The existing use test utilized by the Navy provides an excellent guide to processability in the manufacturing plants for the various nitrate esters produced. It is proposed that the efforts outlined build upon these past successes. First, the nitrator in the manufacturing plant will be incorporated into a mixing model. The documentation of the nitrator geometries will assist in development of a mixing model that will be used for demonstrating. The mixing model will then be validated using simulant materials for mixed acid and PGDN. The laboratory setup will also be utilized to develop dimensionless numbers. A separate model will predict whether or not an emulsive interface that maybe present due to incomplete settling will impact the light or heavy outlet points in the settler. Heat flow calorimetry will be evaluated for the reaction to PGDN and a database of heat flow values will begin for determination of acceptable ranges. Finally, the system will be evaluated for removing the operator from the hazardous operation. This is the most challenging task. Laboratory operations are difficult to remote due to the equipment typically used. The use of innovative tools will such as tomography will be investigated to assist the remote operations. At the conclusion of Phase I individual components including heat flow calorimetry, Redox, remote operations, tomography, mixing models will have been evaluated and recommendations provided towards a Phase II prototype.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Doug Campbell
N101-065      Awarded:7/14/2010
Title:Advanced Composite Materials for Submarine Hatches
Abstract:U.S. Navy submarine and submersible vessels incorporate numerous unique and high performance structural components. To meet their challenging mission requirements, these components must meet substantial performance requirements including resistance to considerable depth pressure, seawater corrosion and other unique U.S. Navy performance requirements. One such structural component is the watertight hatche that allows divers access to and from the vessel. These hatches are fairly complex assemblies and are traditionally made from metals. Unfortunately, corrosion of these hatch assemblies has created substantial maintenance issues for the U.S. Navy. Therefore there is considerable need for advanced materials and associated hatch designs that provide higher performance and reduced maintenance in comparison to the traditional, metal based hatches. To address this need, ADA Technologies, Inc. in partnership with Alion Science and Technology propose a program to develop new forms of fiber reinforced polymer composite materials and their associated manufacturing processes to enable highly structurally efficient and durable composite hatch assemblies.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Andrew Paddock
N101-065      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:High-Pressure Composite Escape Hatch with Corrosion-Resistant, Novel Securement Methods
Abstract:KaZaK, working with a team of submarine system partners, will develop an innovative 25-inch diameter watertight hatch offering dual-sided sealment via a novel, composite-material mechanism requiring no lubricant. KaZaK will pursue this next generation system by focusing effort on three primary tasks: development of a flexible composite closure system that departs entirely from the current watertight hatch paradigm; design of a round composite hatch structure; and integration of an embedded hinge assembly for attachment to the submersible’s hull. KaZaK will pursue this deep-water hatch system via application of advanced fiber-reinforced composites along with appropriate use of metal/composite hybridization. Composite materials offer enormous flexibility in constituency, allowing precise tailoring to mechanical, electrical, fire and chemical performance requirements. The design will be optimized to allow production of watertight hatches at competitively low acquisition as well as total ownership costs. KaZaK has considerable experience in novel quick-acting watertight composite closures and has previously demonstrated a prototype weight reduction of 67% over comparable Navy metal hatch design for DDG 51. This experience, combined with KaZaK’s proven manufacturing and SBIR commercialization success, provides an opportunity to perform a minimum risk program leading to procurement of a superior submarine hatch system.

Walz & Krenzer, Inc.
91 Willenbrock Rd., Unit B4
Oxford, CT 06478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 267-5712
Benjamin Rising
N101-065      Awarded:7/13/2010
Title:Novel Composite Submarine Hatch Materials and Construction Methods
Abstract:Existing high pressure watertight hatches on U.S. Naval submarines have complex operating mechanisms and many steel components which are susceptible to significant corrosion and maintenance issues when subjected to immersion in sea water. The objective of this project is to develop a new and improved high pressure watertight hatch utilizing composite materials which will result in less corrosion, less maintenace resulting in lower total ownership costs, and an overall reduced weight while maintaining their watertight capability. Simplicity and effectiveness of the operating mechanism as well as a reduced number of components will be a significant goal of the design process in order to minimize maintenance. Novel operating mechanism designs will be investigated. Streamlining the fabrication and shop pressure testing process and well as simplifying the installation process will also be reviewed as part of the R&D process. Potential composite materials will be compared and evaluated based on multiple criteria, including strength to weight ratio; stiffness; corrosion resistance; degradation in seawater; impact & wear resistance; and cost/manufacturability. Walz & Krenzer has been supplying high pressure watertight doors & hatch to both the marine & industrial markets since 1939, and is well known in the marine industry for engineering prowess.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Kevin Carr
N101-066      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Hull Contamination Measurement
Abstract:We propose to develop a system to identify hull surface contamination, such as lubricants and amines formed during the coating process, using a measurement technique that can be adapted to a ship construction environment. The method we propose is laser light scattering, specifically standoff Raman scattering, to provide a noncontact, high-speed, accurate method of checking for and chemically identifying surface contaminants, allowing focused treatment of contaminated areas and better use of paints and coatings. In our program we shall develop a portable standoff scanning spectrometer that is optimized for large area detection and provides a surface evaluation that includes a Raman spectroscopic signature for localization and chemical identification of the contaminating medium for proper remediation of the hull coating.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Charles Mazel
N101-066      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Optical Methods to Detect and Classify Hull Surface Contaminants
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop a design concept for a standoff optical approach for rapid hull contaminant detection and classification. Physical Sciences Inc. in collaboration with the Navy sponsor will develop a requirements specification document to guide the analysis of candidate optical approaches and subsequent system design in Phase II of the program. PSI will assemble a spectral database of infrared and fluorescence signatures of contaminated surfaces and use these in combination with the characteristics of spectral imaging and illumination technologies to formulate a system performance model. The model will be used to perform a trade space analysis to predict the measurement performance of notional systems, resulting in identification of preferred potential components for an integrated rapid inspection system for shipyard use. Components suppliers will be identified, and preliminary validation of the system concepts will be carried out through initial spectral imaging experiments. This will result in a recommended design to be pursued in a Phase II program.

Custom Analytical Engineering Systems, Inc
13000 Tensor Lane, NE
Flintstone, MD 21530
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 722-2013
Amos Alexander
N101-067      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Material Multi-Solution for Hypersonic Systems
Abstract:This effort involves design and analysis activities focused on developing a tactically representative integrated hybrid composite structure capable of sustaining the high acceleration launch environment encountered in hypervelocity applications while satisfying the weight and volume requirements consistent with hypervelocity flight configurations. Candidate fiber and matrix materials will be evaluated for their potential to deliver high compressive strength under gun launch conditions and for their processing attributes regarding compatibility with fabrication of high quality, thick-sectioned laminates. Selected fiber/matrix systems will then be incorporated into detailed designs of primary structural components required for high acceleration launched hypervelocity projectiles. In addition to addressing strength of primary structural members this effort will also address design at interfaces to neighboring structural components and end configurations.

Materials Research & Design
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-6130
Kent Buesking
N101-067      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Design and Fabrication of High Strength Composites for Projectile Aft Skirts
Abstract:The US Navy is developing an electromagnetic rail gun (EMRG) that can fire inert projectiles with a mass of 15 kg to a range of 200 nautical miles. The lethality of the weapon is based upon the kinetic energy of the projectile, which will strike the target at a velocity of 1.5 km/sec. The small inert projectiles offer significant logistical advantages because they make it possible to carry many rounds without concerns of chemical propellants or explosive ordnance. The projectile is exposed to extreme operational conditions. The electromagnetic launch leads to accelerations that approach 50,000 g’s creating large inertial forces. During flight, the projectile reaches speeds of up to Mach 8, thereby generating significant aerothermal heat loads and aerodynamic pressures. The existing projectile design includes an aft skirt that helps to minimize drag and provide aerodynamic stability. The skirt must transfer large acceleration forces from the rail gun armature to the forward projectile body and survive aerodynamic heating and pressures caused by hypersonic flight. Thus a lightweight skirt will need to exhibit very high compressive strengths at ambient temperatures, and adequate structural properties at flight temperatures. Attractive materials include metallic-clad ceramics and composites made with large compression-resistant boron or silicon carbide monofilaments. The proposed Phase I SBIR program will design and fabricate one or more high strength composite materials for an EMRG projectile aft skirt. The program will employ an existing EMRG projectile thermostructural model to compute operational temperatures and stresses in the aft skirt. The existing EMRG projectile model is based upon a projectile geometry and flight conditions provided to Materials Research & Design (MR&D) by NSWC-Dahlgren. Material properties for the structural model will be computed using MR&D’s micromechanical models to project properties for multiple variations of metallic-clad ceramics and unidirectional monofilament reinforced composites. The material and structural models will be exercised to identify attractive materials and designs, replacing a “cut and try” approach with well defined parametric analyses of material variables and geometric details. The theoretical model will define one or more subscale aft skirt designs that will be fabricated and delivered as part of the Phase I effort. The proposed program will be performed by a team of MR&D and Exothermics, Inc. MR&D will project composite properties, perform thermostructural analysis, specify the skirt design, and manage the project. Exothermics will fabricate the subscale skirts using HIP technology to manufacture fiber reinforced composites and/or metallic-clad ceramics. Boron and SiC (SCS6) monofilaments will be purchased from Specialty Materials in Lowell, MA.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Bruce Gallemore
N101-068      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Technologies for Reduced Source Level Sonar Systems
Abstract:An innovative towed active sonar concept is proposed which significantly reduces peak and average input power. The system also reduces radiated acoustic source level by approximately 10 dB over previous systems designed for similar applications. The reductions are attained by distribution of source energy in time and space. Transmitter waveform and search schemes are proposed as well as a source-receiver interference reduction strategy. A detection performance metric is proposed for use in comparing alternative system concepts or parameters. Application of the metric indicates a potential detection gain of 12 dB using the proposed technique.

Advanced Acoustic Concepts Incorporated
425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 872-0024
Dennis Kershner
N101-068      Awarded:7/12/2010
Title:Technologies for Reduced Source Level Sonar Systems
Abstract:Advanced Acoustic Concepts (AAC) will develop a spread spectrum waveform for use with the Continuous Active Sonar (CAS). CAS uses the AN/SQS-53C as the sonar source operating at 100% duty-cycle. It then uses a Multi-Function Towed Array (MFTA) as the receiver. This is an ideal application for a spread spectrum waveform as the largest reduction in transmit power is achieved using the highest pulse compression which in turn is achieve through use of very high duty cycle waveforms. AAC will provide analysis of system performance in reverberation, acoustic intercept vulnerability, and processing load estimates.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Patanjali Parimi
N101-069      Awarded:7/19/2010
Title:Ultra Wideband Conformal Antennas for Multifunctional Consolidated Submarine Mast (1000-152)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes an innovative solution to the Navy’s need for ultra wideband antennas to support submarine communications, electronic warfare (EW), and radar functions. SI2 will develop two efficient, conformal, broadband, low-cost antenna systems for SATCOM upper hemispherical and omni-directional coverage . These antennas will initially be designed for integration with the Universal Modular Mast of Virginia class submarines, but could also be applied to other submarine platforms in the fleet. During Phase I, the wideband antenna concepts will be refined using high fidelity numerical modeling and simulation tools. The performance of the antenna systems will be simulated and validated through the manufacture and testing of a coupon level hardware demonstrator. The conformal antennas will be fabricated using Direct Write Technology. A full scale prototype will be fabricated in the follow-on Phase II program. The prototype will be tested on a representative Universal Modular Mast structure to demonstrate the antenna RF performance.

Spectra Research, Inc.
2790 Indian Ripple Road Russ Research Center
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-5999
Gordon Little
N101-069      Awarded:7/14/2010
Title:Innovative Wideband Antenna Technology for Ultimate Consolidated Submarine Mast
Abstract:In the long-term, the Navy is moving toward a multifunction submarine mast (or family of masts) supporting communications, electronic warfare (EW), and radar functions in a common aperture to alleviate, as much as possible, the clutter of masts (see Inset Pictures) on a typical submarine sail. In order to accomplish this objective, innovative wideband antenna technologies are required as the key step in developing a multifunction submarine mast. For this Phase I program, Spectra Research and its team members will leverage its recent accomplishments in advanced antenna designs (and those of its research partner) to investigate the application of fragmented aperture technologies, possibly in concert with non- resonant based meta-material substrates, to develop a broadband antenna specifically in the topology required for mounting on a submarine mast. The technical objectives of the program are to demonstrate that fragmented aperture or fragmented volume antenna designs can be utilized to great advantage in meeting the requirements of the solicitation. Specifically, the research team will utilize our advanced antenna technologies to produce a broadband antenna (bandwidth of 10:1 or greater) that demonstrates superior performance over a selected frequency range with a predetermined polarization capability over a full 360 degree azimuthal field.

Syntonics LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-0500
Steven Gemeny
N101-069      Awarded:7/14/2010
Title:Innovative Wideband Antenna Technology for Ultimate Consolidated Submarine Mast
Abstract:Syntonics will demonstrate the feasibility of a multi-function reconfigurable submarine mast aperture based on the Team’s PARCA™ (Pixel-Addressable Reconfigurable Conformal Antenna) software-defined phased array technologyy. PARCA can be used to create multi- function apertures that operate across the entire 1-44GHz band. Either rotating wedges (i.e., coarse mechanical pointing in azimuth) or multi-panel pyramid structures (i.e., all- electronic pointing) can be implemented with PARCA panels. Pointing beams using frequency independent true-time delay techniques and MEMS-like actuators, PARCA technology is currently at TRL 4/MRL 2.

Aegis Technology
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
N101-070      Awarded:6/28/2010
Title:Energy Storage For Facilities Renewable Energy
Abstract:In this SBIR project, Aegis technology, teamed with American Lithium Energy and Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), proposes to develop a cost-effective, highly efficient, compact energy storage system that can be integrated with renewable energy system. The energy storage system is based on a high-energy-density, high charging rate Li-ion battery that will be integrated with high-efficiency, compact SiC inverter. In this project, the research team will leverage previous experience in the development high-performance Li-ion battery, SiC inverters, and energy storage system, and develop a novel class of energy storage system with desirable energy density, operational flexibility and shelf life necessary for renewable energy applications. In the Phase I, we will investigate the concept feasibility, with a focus on the evaluation of the system’ attributes , including energy density, power density, size, transient dynamics, shelf life, and anticipated maintenance requirements, by using small subscale prototypes. This feasibility study will provide a solid basis for the subsequent Phase II development that will optimize/finalize the design concept from Phase I, fabricate demonstration units, validate prototype capabilities using laboratory testing, and provide the associated cost/benefit analysis.

Bettergy Corp.
46 Bari Manor
Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 290-6293
Lin-Feng Li
N101-070      Awarded:6/28/2010
Title:UTILITY SCALE FLOW ELECTROLYTE RECHARGEABLE ZINC AIR BATTERIES FOR FACILITIES RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE
Abstract:Increasingly strict environmental regulations, surging energy demand and oil prices, the proliferation of the internet and (hybrid) electric vehicles have given rise to new growing market demand for efficient, clean and renewable energy sources. It is projected that world energy consumption will double within next 50 years. For the numerous reasons, electric energy storage (EES) is being considered as an essential element in the grid of future. Currently, this problem is primarily solved by pumped hydro in US. Batteries, e.g. lead acid batteries, are beginning to be used in some applications. However, due to high maintenance cost, short cycle life, and negative environment effects, alternative EES systems are highly sought after. Zinc is one of the most abundant elements in the earth’s crust, and has a rather low electrochemical potential, zinc air battery has the advantages of high specific energy, power low cost. In combination with the flow electrolyte design, flow electrolyte zinc air rechargeable battery could be further explored to meet the utility scale battery needs. However, technical difficulties associated with this battery system, namely, bifunctional air cathode operation life and zinc electrode cycle life, have prevented its further development. In this proposal, several novel approaches will be suggested to address those issues. This battery system, once developed, could deliver better performance than state-of-the-art utility scale battery, leading to the battery with very high energy density, long cycle performance and much lower cost.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Weibo Chen
N101-070      Awarded:6/28/2010
Title:A Low-Cost, Environmentally Friendly, Compact Energy Storage System
Abstract:A critical need for renewable energy systems is a cost-effective energy storage system that would enable the systems to provide power reliably and continuously when renewable energy resources are not available. We propose to develop such a cost-effective, compact, and environmentally friendly energy storage system. The proposed system employs a reversible chemical reaction to achieve very high power density and energy density. The system uses non-toxic, naturally occurring materials as the chemical reactants. It also has an infinite shelf life and provides unlimited charge/discharge service cycles without performance degradation. The energy storage system can be used with any renewable energy system. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the operation of the energy storage system, obtain data to show its energy and power densities, and design the Phase II laboratory prototype. In Phase II, we will build, demonstrate, and deliver a complete prototype energy storage system.

Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0529
Cortney Mittelsteadt
N101-070      Awarded:6/28/2010
Title:Regenerative Fuel Cell System For Renewable Energy Facilities
Abstract:Development of a regenerative fuel cell/electrolyzer is proposed. GES will size two of their advanced technologies; a high-pressure electrolyzer that can directly fill hydrogen and oxygen storage vessels up to 3000 psi; and a dead-ended fuel cell that can use these gases directly and remove the product water without recirculating the feed gases. Combined these two technologies lead to a great system simplification over traditional regenerative fuel cell systems. Performance of the dead-ended fuel cell will be demonstrated at the appropriate scale and a cost/benefit analysis will be conducted to size the system components. Successful completion of this program will result in proven fuel cell and electrolyzer components at the appropriate size as well as a system design to incorporate them in a 500- kW system to be used for interruption in renewable energy sources.

Technology Holding, LLC
4552 Thousand Oaks Drive
Salt Lake City, UT 84124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 953-1047
Feng Zhao
N101-070      Awarded:6/28/2010
Title:A Superior Energy Storage Device Using Lithium Anode and Thermally Stable Cathode
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal from Technology Holding LLC seeks to develop an advanced energy storage system to integrate with renewable energy systems. The high energy density can be achieved by using lithium anode and thermally stable cathode materials. Solid electrolytes are expected to be far less reactive with any cathode material compared to liquid, organic electrolytes. Research in Phase I will prepare electrolyte constituents and determine preliminary small cell performance of Li-ion cells. Phase II of the research will focus on larger battery capacitors.

Art Anderson Associates
202 Pacific Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 479-5600
Ralph Duncan
N101-071      Awarded:4/30/2010
Title:Advanced Shore Based Mooring (ASBM)
Abstract:The longstanding tradition of using lines to moor ships to docks is inherently labor intensive and hazardous. Synthetic line snapback, limbs caught in rigging, as well as failed deck fitting projectiles, have maimed and killed many shipboard and dockside personnel over the years. Likewise, the challenges associated with shortening, slacking, doubling up and singling up lines to adjust for changing environmental conditions requires substantial human vigilance. Without this attention, lines and/or bitts can become overloaded due to tension loads applied, often at excessive angles. Automated methods have replaced many such manpower intensive systems in other modern day systems. Navy harbor facilities accommodate a very wide range of ship sizes and shapes from large sealift and amphibious ships to, to trimarans, to cylindrical hull shaped submarines. An automated mooring system will be developed that mitigates the hazards associated with mooring lines, while accommodating a larger variety of ship sizes and types than what can be with current commercially available automated systems.

PCCI, Inc.
300 North Lee Street Suite 201
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 684-2060
Thomas Hudon
N101-071      Awarded:4/29/2010
Title:Advanced Shore Based Mooring Using Vacuum Attachments with Active Control
Abstract:PCCI, Inc. has teamed with Cavotec USA, Inc. to further the development of the Cavotec MoorMasterTM, an automated ship mooring mechanism, for application to US Navy ships at Navy piers and wharfs. This Team combines PCCI knowledge and expertise in the analysis, design and installation of traditional Navy ship moorings, and in the design of hull fitting cofferdams for the repair of a wide range of Navy ship classes, with the Cavotec MoormasterTM technical team which has been conducting research and development into advanced shore based moorings since 1997. In Phase I, the PCCI Team proposes to develop conceptual designs, to demonstrate how the patented MoorMasterTM system could be developed for use with ships in the U.S. Navy Fleet at existing Navy piers and wharfs for Mooring Service Types 1 and II (as defined in UFC 4-159-03). Our research will focus on newer Navy ship classes such as the DDG 1000, LCS, and NSSN; and on the FSF-1 which recently suffered fender damage at a shore mooring. The Phase I deliverable will include a design report with analyses and concept drawings indicating modifications to existing MoorMasterTM designs that would be required for use with Navy ships and facilities.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
N101-071      Awarded:5/3/2010
Title:Conformal Agile Shore-Based Mooring System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for an efficient advanced shore-based mechanical system for reliably mooring Navy ships (except aircraft carriers) to the Navy’s piers and wharves, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Conformal Agile Shore- based Mooring System (CASMOS) based a new design utilizing developed, mature in- house and COTS components. CASMOS can be fully automated or operated by an operator in the bridge or the port control room while one or two more staff oversee/lookout during the mooring process. The innovation in the novel CASMOS design replaces dozens of sailors with a series of robotic arms. Thus, CASMOS offers versatility, efficiency, reliability, and automated mooring operation, which directly addresses the needs of NAVFAC Facility Improvement Program of ACAT IV. In Phase I, POC will develop a conceptual design of CASMOS taking into account all Navy ship classes, except aircraft carriers. A laboratory small-scale TRL-3 prototype will be designed, fabricated, assembled, and tested to illustrate technological feasibility. In Phase II, a detailed design and a scaled-up TRL-6 prototype with full automation from the bridge or port control center will be developed. This prototype will be designed for a large range of ship/boat classes and sizes.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Wodrow Holley
N101-072      Awarded:6/17/2010
Title:Water Resistant, Biodegradable, Cellulosic Waste Bag
Abstract:KaZaK proposes to develop a water resistant cellulosic waste bag constructed from typical Kraft paper and glue materials as found in traditional paper bag products. The water resistance will derive from a proprietary surface coating that is inorganic and of natural origin. The coating will be applied either without the need for binder or with very minimal use of binder. The coating has a demonstrated water resistance as measured by contact angle of 175°. An ideal contact angle is 180°. Typical hydrophobic coatings are in the range of 120° to 140°. This superior water resistance will make the Kraft bags suitable for containment of water laden food scraps and other allowable marine disposable refuse items while at-sea. Plastic bags are not optimal as they cannot be disposed of while underway due to maritime dumping restrictions given by MARPOL Annex V. As the surface coating is of natural origin and the bag substrate will be Kraft paper, which has highly acceptable biodegradation properties, the resulting product will meet the MARPOL Annex V biodegradability criteria. The extremely hydrophobic coating will render the treated paper suitable for collection of moisture laden refuse without compromising the substrate’s strength and sanitary integrity.

Northern Technologies International Corporation
4201 Woodland Rd PO Box 69
Circle Pines, MN 55014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(763) 225-6646
Shilpa Manjure
N101-072      Awarded:6/17/2010
Title:DESIGN & ENGINEERING OF NON-PLASTIC WASTE BAGS BASED ON “BIOFIBER - ORGANIC & INORGANIC MODIFIER” HYBRIDS
Abstract:Northern Technologies International Corporation (NTIC), MN, in collaboration with Michigan State University (MSU), East Lansing, MI, plans to formulate and engineer chemically modified, marine biodegradable, biofiber-based, non-plastic waste bags. These bags will be high strength, lightweight, processable with the Navy equipment and marine biodegradable as per ASTM standard D7081. NTIC will specifically (a) investigate three classes of biobased, non-plastic materials that function as a laminate or as an adhesive depending on the manufacturing process employed (b) investigate two manufacturing processes – lamination/extrusion coating of selected paper substrates using the three material classes so as to provide new biobased, hybrid, composite material and nonwoven bag manufacturing process where materials will function as adhesives and provide water resistance, high strength while providing marine biodegradability; and (c) conduct end-of- life testing along with shipboard wastes in a marine environment using the Navy pulping equipment.

Advanced Optical Systems, Inc.
6767 Old Madison Pike Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
Keith Farr
N101-073      Awarded:8/3/2010
Title:Terminal Guidance for Autonomous Aerial Refueling
Abstract:Advanced Optical Systems Proximity Operations Measurements System (POMS) for terminal guidance during Autonomous Aerial Refueling (AAR) provides relative position and attitude, all 6 Degrees of Freedom (DoF), in a manner similar to that sensed by a human pilot. POMS recognizes and locates features on the tanker and drogue with a sensor on the UAS and converts the relative location of those features into 6 DoF via an inverse perspective algorithm (IPA). In addition to allowing for hookup to the drogue, the extension from 3 DoF to 6 DoF improves formation flying by sensing tanker maneuvers.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Bradley Short
N101-073      Awarded:7/26/2010
Title:Terminal Guidance for Autonomous Aerial Refueling
Abstract:Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc. (ASC) has developed a 3D camera that will provide a breakthrough in GNC sensing technology and is ideal for autonomous aerial refueling(AAR). In July 2009, ASCs DragonEye 3D Flash LIDARTM camera was in orbit for 16 days successfully imaging the Endeavor Orbiter (STS-127) to Space Station docking. ASC is developing, for SpaceX Corporation, a camera for autonomous rendezvous and docking that is directly applicable as a sensing solution for AAR. 3D Flash LIDAR (3DFL) can provide position and velocity data for multiple objects from distances of 25cm to 2.5 km. Flash LIDAR Cameras (FLC) are 3D vision systems that return range and intensity information for each pixel in the Focal Plane Array (FPA) simultaneously in real time. ASC’s 128x128 3D array FLC has the equivalent of 16,000 range finders on a single FPA which allows the sensor to act as a 3D video camera with enhanced functionality and value well beyond range finding. The objective of the Phase I effort will be to develop a detailed architectural design concept for a unmanned air vehicle terminal guidance using a 3D Flash LIDAR Autonomous Aerial Refueling (FLAAR) system

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Glenn Beach
N101-073      Awarded:7/10/2010
Title:Terminal Guidance for Autonomous Aerial Refueling
Abstract:Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are serving an ever increasing role in U.S. military operations. There are many reasons why UAVs are becoming the platform of choice over manned air assets for many missions. UAVs can be used to perform dangerous missions that would be too risky with a human pilot and can operate for long durations without concern about pilot fatigue. However, overall mission length is affected by both pilot issues and the need for fuel, the UAV can only carry a certain amount before needing to be refueled. The probe and drogue method has been used successfully to refuel both manned and unmanned aerial vehicles in flight, effectively extending the maximum mission length for these platforms. Typically, refueling of UAVs is done with a human pilot teleoperating the aircraft. However, the long-term goal for UAVs (and the focus of much current research) is to make them operate autonomously. Therefore, there is a need for a system that allows a UAV to autonomously rendezvous with a refueling tanker and then correctly insert the refueling probe into the drogue. Cybernet proposes to build such a system by leveraging our exiting tracking visual tracking technologies

Epsilon Lambda Electronics Corp.
396 Fenton Lane Suite 601
West Chicago, IL 60185
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 293-7118
Robert Knox
N101-073      Awarded:7/26/2010
Title:Terminal Guidance for Autonomous Aerial Refueling
Abstract:This topic is designed by the US Naval Air Systems Command to develop a self contained terminal guidance system (TGS) that autonomously detects and tracks the drogue from an airborne fuel tanker in the vicinity of UAV host platform for purposes of accomplishing Autonomous Aerial Refueling (AAR). The TGS sensor should be compact, light weight and consume low power. The autonomous sensor system is desired to operate as payload on unmanned aerial systems (UAS) for refueling and extending the flight mission time of the UAV. Proposed herein is an AAR Terminal Guidance System that; (1) Provides Three Dimensional object resolution, utilizing high resolution dual mode sensor with millimeter wave ranging radar plus EO/IR camera, thus ensuring excellent range resolution and cross range resolution, (2) Incorporates imaging, tracking, and homing software, (3) Operates under all weather and environmental conditions, (4) Provides accurate relative orientation measurement between the refueling probe on the aircraft and the drogue, (5) Maintains stealth under normal flight, deployed only during refueling, and (6) Will not interfere with the functionality of the refueling system.

StarVision Technologies, Inc.
400 Harvey Mitchell Parkway South Suite 400
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5015
Christian Bruccoleri
N101-073      Awarded:7/26/2010
Title:VisNav AAR: Robust Sensor System for Terminal Guidance
Abstract:StarVision Technologies in partnership with Northrop Grumman’s navigation systems division (NSD) and Cobham’s mission systems group proposes an innovative AAR terminal guidance solution that provides accurate and robust relative navigation in severe environments, extended range for GPS denied scenarios, and can be readily integrated into existing refueling hardware platforms and aircraft relative navigation systems. The proposed VisNav terminal guidance solution mitigates the numerous risks associated with other vision and laser based systems through active eye-safe infra-red beacons placed on the refueling drogue and the refueling pod. Proprietary algorithms are used to detect and provide accurate 3DOF relative navigation information at 100Hz rate. This proposal describes the proposed VisNav sensor system tailored to the AAR terminal guidance problem and defines the technical objectives and associated plan to advance the technology. The result of the proposed Phase I activity will be a detailed VisNav system architecture optimized for the UCAS AAR while delivering high performance and fail-safe operation in diverse conditions. The integration of the VisNav sensor system with the intended aircraft will enhance and extend the envelope of the AAR operations while minimizing system level risks such as HMI.

Applied Sciences, Inc.
141 W. Xenia Ave. PO Box 579
Cedarville, OH 45314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 766-2020
David Burton
N101-074      Awarded:8/16/2010
Title:Conductive Thin Polymer Films with Graphitic Nanomaterials
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will focus on development of conductive polymer films using graphitic nanomaterials. In the proposed effort, ASI will fabricate a new generation of conductive polymer films having targeted and uniform resistivity. The proposed approach is to disperse graphitic nanomaterials into solutions of organic solvent and polyimide resin. Dispersion will be quantified with a new technique developed in collaboration with DOD laboratories. Films will be fabricated using spray deposition. The resultant material will be a uniform, flexible, mechanically robust, thin conductive film with electrical resistivity variation

Eikos, Inc.
2 Master Drive
Franklin, MA 02038
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 528-0300
Paul Glatkowski
N101-074      Awarded:8/16/2010
Title:Robust, Thin Resistive Films
Abstract:Modern military aircraft utilize thin resistive films on many surfaces to meet specific electromagnetic design requirements. However, currently available films, such as those based on metalized or carbon black filled polymers, fall short in offering the desired combination of durability, electrical resistance control, and substrate matching. To overcome the inherent design constraints imposed by the current technology, Eikos Inc. proposes to develop new carbon nanotube based thin resistive films. Rooted in our commercial Invisicon® carbon nanotube transparent conductive coatings, this technology will enable the desired resistance tailoring, durability; and is adaptable to numerous substrate types and shapes. Rapid transition of this technology into legacy platforms is ensured since only traditional processing methods are employed. The Phase I program will demonstrate the ability of Invisicon® based coatings to impart the required electrical performance to a variety of substrates while providing unmatched durability. The program also includes demonstration of tailorability of resistivity to 3D requirements.

Maverick Corporation
11379 Grooms Road
Blue Ash, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 469-9919
Robert Gray
N101-074      Awarded:8/17/2010
Title:Robust, Thin Resistive Films
Abstract:Robust, thin resistive films have a wide range of applications on military aircraft including fighters, surveillance platforms, and unmanned systems. A growing number of US Navy applications require an affordable thin resistive film that is very flexible, and also capable of withstanding composite processing and cure conditions. Typical film products used in current applications are expensive, and most are not durable enough to withstand rigorous handling. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) exhibit exceptionally high conductivity and are ideal fillers for use in most composite resin matrix systems. Innovative processes for functionalization of the CNT surface, and for consistent, repeatable dispersions have been developed and are ready for demonstration, testing, and production scale-up. CNT fillers can provide high conductivity even at very low loading levels, while at the same time improving film flexibility, durability, and uniform electrical performance. Maverick can tailor or tune the film electrical properties by formulating and dispersing various nano-loading levels, which will satisfy a broad range of performance requirements. The robust films will be demonstrated on a large scale and will be readily available in a variety of conductivity ranges. This product will meet the customer demand for lower costs and create a distinct market advantage over current systems.

NanoTechLabs Inc.
409 W. Maple St.
Yadkinville, NC 27055
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 829-4203
Jessica Ravine
N101-074      Awarded:8/16/2010
Title:Robust, Thin Resistive Films
Abstract:Current resistive thin films employed in composite aerospace applications include metal- sputtered films, carbon-loaded polymer films, and carbon inks. These films are often difficult to laminate and are not flexible enough to conform to complex geometries without creasing, cracking, and changing resistivity. The object of this Phase I program is to develop thin resistive carbon nanotube films capable of withstanding organic matrix composite manufacturing process stresses and associated handling requirements while still maintaining resistivity characteristics.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Todd Heil
N101-074      Awarded:8/16/2010
Title:Photocurable conductive polymer films with high flexibility
Abstract:Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc. (TA&T) proposes an inexpensive, flexible, and durable conductive coating that consists of carbon nanotubes dispersed in a UV-curable polymer. This coating need not be applied in a vacuum or clean room environment, and could in fact be applied in the field if repairs are necessary. TA&T will develop UV-curable, CNT- filled oligomer/monomer blend coatings with high flexibility, erosion resistance, and conductive properties. Two innovative dispersion methods, resonant acoustic mixing and microfluidizer processing, will be utilized to overcome the CNT dispersion challenges and create uniform, non-agglomerated dispersions of CNTs in a polymer matrix. Both of these novel mixing processes can be scaled up for large quantity production.

Metamagnetics Inc.
36 Station St
Sharon, MA 02067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 780-7983
Anton Geiler
N101-075      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:C-band Meander Line Microstrip Ferrite Phase Shifter Tunable with Multiferroic Heterostructure Fringe Fields
Abstract:Metamagnetics Inc., a small, veteran-owned, for-profit business, led by Anton Geiler and Pat Parimi, with consultants Vincent Harris and Carmine Vittoria, proposes to develop new phase shifter technology that addresses many of the shortcomings of existing phase shifters and is ideally suited for electronically steered phased array radar applications. The proposed technology is an electric field tunable ferrite microstrip phase shifter. In this proposal Metamagnetics researchers will demonstrate the feasibility of high quality ferrite materials processing, microstrip phase shifter design, active tuning using low power multiferroic transducer technologies, and fabrication, testing, and refinement of prototype devices that operate at C-band. The anticipated phase shifter(s) technology will be planar, low-loss, able to handle high power while consuming low power, reliable, radiation hard, and cost-effective to process and package (no hermetics). By employing meander line design strategies, the Metamagnetics'' C-band phase shifter will be reduced from centimeters in length to an active region of 5 x 5 mm2. The developed technologies during this Phase I program will be commercialized in partnership with the prime contractor Raytheon who has expressed their written support for the proposed research plan.

Microwave Applications Group
3030 Industrial Parkway
Santa Maria, CA 93455
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 928-5711
Steve Dyke
N101-075      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Electric Field Tunable Multi-Ferroic Phase Shifters for Phased-Array Applications
Abstract:Phased array systems provide significantly greater data collection capabilities, expanded uses and higher reliability as they reduce or eliminate the need for rotating systems. The major hurdle for widespread usage of phased array systems has been the costs associated with not only developing these systems but also the recurring cost of fabrication and operation. This project investigates a disruptive technology by applying multi-ferroic materials to fabricate rf components for these applications. Although ferrites have historically been the choice for low insertion loss reciprocal and non-reciprocal devices, they are difficult to realize in small geometries and their switching time is excessive. Alternatively, active components are extremely costly and require tremendous power to account for adaptive gain concepts. This project develops an alternative that usurps the best of both constructions. In phase I this project will investigate test results of suitable multi-ferroic devices and evaluate the phase shifter and its required dc magnetic field bias to determine if it can achieve the specifications and evaluate manufacturing concepts to determine achievable methods of fabricating multi-ferroic based planar technology. The goal of phase II of this project is to deliver multiple multi-ferroic phase shifters whose performance parameters bridge the gap between these two technologies by providing the smaller size and faster switching of active components and the simpler control and lower insertion loss of ferrite in a miniaturized package.

nGimat Co.
5315 Peachtree Blvd.
Atlanta, GA 30341
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 287-3910
Kwang Choi
N101-075      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Electrically Tunable Multi-Ferroic Phase Shifters
Abstract:nGimat proposes to develop electrically tunable multi-ferroic phase shifters. We will use our proprietary process CCVD to develop multi-ferroic materials, which will be used with the appropriate structures to realize planar phase shifters.

Out of the Fog Research LLC
Stuart Berkowitz 2258 20th Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94116
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 505-3827
Stuart Berkowitz
N101-075      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Electric Field Tunable Multi-Ferroic Phase Shifters for Phased-Array Applications
Abstract:In Phase I, we will assess the technical issues and risks associated with developing a multi- ferroic phase shifter. We will develop target specifications. We will then fabricate multi- ferroic devices. We test these devices to determine the feasibility to meet the target specifications. We will then develop practical packaging for these devices. We will gather enough information to estimate the technical risk in Phase II. We will then have all of the building blocks to develop a prototype in Phase II.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Jonathan Pfautz
N101-076      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Validation and Experimentation Toolkit for Spatiotemporal Reasoning (VETS)
Abstract:To maximize the operational value of robotic systems, warfighters must be able to specify high-level commands to direct their autonomous partner’s activities using multiple interaction methods that effectively convey spatiotemporal goals and constraints. The risks involved with unintended behaviors by autonomous robots due to dissonance in warfighter and spatiotemporal reasoning could be catastrophic to the warfighter’s mission. Therefore, appropriate validation of these command and control (C2) subsystems throughout the robot’s design lifecycle is imperative. Charles River Analytics proposes to design and demonstrate a Validation and Experimentation Toolkit for Spatiotemporal Reasoning (VETS) that enables experimentation and evaluation of spatiotemporal C2 strategies and autonomous reasoning approaches through simulation and monitoring of agents operating in a synthetic environment and receiving commands from a human operator. VETS has three major capabilities: (1) an experiment design capability that simulates autonomous robots operating in synthetic operational environments under varying experimental conditions; (2) a targeted trace capability that provides insight into sources of failure within these experiments, enabling assessment against defined performance metrics of the strengths and weakness of specific human-robot spatiotemporal C2 and reasoning approaches; and (3) integration with existing behavior modeling and human interaction technologies to provide cost-effective and reusable tools to the robotics community.

Knexus Research Corp.
9120 Beachway Lane
Springfield, VA 22153
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 203-3859
Kalyan Gupta
N101-076      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Communicative Agents for Spatio-Temporal Reasoning Workbench (CoASTeR-WB)
Abstract:Currently there are no software platforms for developing and evaluating reusable, virtual, communicative spatio-temporal agents. This makes rapid development and meaningful comparative evaluation, critical requirements for military and non-military applications, infeasible. Lack of such a platform also slows down the much needed research in spatio- temporal technologies. We will architect a software workbench called CoASTeR-WB (Communicative Agent for Spatio-Temporal Reasoning) to meet these requirements. In contrast to the state-of-the-art technologies that use disparate and proprietary representation and reasoning technologies, we will investigate a unique framework for plug-and-play open- source virtual worlds and communicative technologies and reusable spatio-temporal reasoning agents. We will investigate automatic methods for achieving semantic interoperability among CoASTeR-WB components. We will investigate the use of a cognitive architecture as a robust foundation for developing spatio-temporal agents for advanced navigation and extra-navigational tasks. Finally, we will develop specifications for a built-in evaluation framework with a library of spatio-temporal reasoning tasks and annotated scenarios to enable rapid, consistent, and comparative evaluations. We will validate our approach by implementing a proof-of-concept prototype and executing an evaluation run with a library of sample spatio-temporal reasoning test-problems.

Traclabs, Inc.
100 Northeast Loop 410 Suite 520
San Antonio, TX 78216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 461-7884
David Kortenkamp
N101-076      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Intelligent Navigation and Temporal Reasoning Evaluation Platform
Abstract:The number of unmanned, autonomous vehicles in the military continues to grow. The missions these vehicles perform range from intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) to urban search and rescue (USAR) to explosive ordnance disposal (EOD). Each of these missions requires the unmanned vehicle to operate in time and space and under the supervision of a human. To provide a natural human interface the unmanned system must represent and reason about time and space in a fashion similar to humans (or at least in a fashion translatable to humans). Spatio-temporal representation and reasoning are topics of much on-going research. However, it is difficult to evaluate and compare the competing approaches because there are no standard testbeds or scenarios. In this project we propose an Intelligent Navigation and Temporal Reasoning Platform (INTREP) that can be used to evaluate spatio-temporal representations for autonomous agents. The INTREP system consists of three main components: 1) a testbed consisting of a simulation and databases for scripts and logged data; 2) a testbed control interface that assists an operator in configuring the INTREP system and analyzing the results; and 3) one or more autonomous agents that interact with the simulation to perform missions.

Engineering Science Analysis Corp.
6105 S. Ash Ave. Suite A3
Tempe, AZ 85283
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 625-6259
Martin Martinez
N101-077      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Forward Bathymetry Sensing for Safe High Speed Boat Operation
Abstract:ESA is pleased to provide the following proposal regarding the Lidar Collision Avoidance Bathymetry System (L-CABS™), an above-water, laser-based, forward-looking collision avoidance and bathymetry sensor system. The significance of this innovation is the use of lidar sensors mounted above the water surface. Lidar is a mature technology that has been proven in numerous applications, including but not limited to airborne mine countermeasures. By mounting the sensors above the water surface the system is not susceptible to physical damage from debris, and issues surrounding cavitation of submerged systems will be completely negated. Further, the proposed innovation will overcome the physical limitations of sonar-based systems in near-surface environments and provide the Navy with a robust and reliable solution that enhances the collision-avoidance capabilities of go-fast boats, RHIBs, and other manned and unmanned vehicles operating in near-shore and riverine environments. Lidar is preferred in this proposal over sonar due to its extreme reliability in detecting sub-surface threats whereas sonar has difficulty distinguishing legitimate collision-threats at the sea surface, particularly with respect to shallow draft vessels encountering floating or near-surface obstacles. ESA has teamed with KEO to ensure successful development and delivery of this revolutionary technology.

FarSounder, Inc.
43 Jefferson Blvd.
Warwick, RI 02888
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 784-6700
Matthew Zimmerman
N101-077      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Forward Bathymetry and Obstacle Avoidance Sensing for Safe High Speed Boat Operation Using 3D Forward Looking Sonar
Abstract:In order to improve the safety and efficiency of navy high speed small boat operations, FarSounder proposes a 3-dimensional, forward looking sonar solution capable of simultaneous bathymetry sensing and obstacle detection out to ranges of at least 1640 ft (500m). Additionally, the system will be cable of 50 knot operation and suitable for installation on a high speed planing vessel such as common 11-meter RHIBs: the SOCHRIB, NSW RHIB, and certain classes of Unmanned Marine Vessels (UMVs). Additionally, the system will be designed to include a simple to use and understand human interface as well as a machine interface suitable for integrating the sonar''s data output into 3rd party command and control systems.

WESTERN MARINE ELECTRONICS (WESMAR)
BOX 7201 14120 NE 200TH ST
WOODINVILLE, WA 98072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 481-2296
Dennis Soderberg
N101-077      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Forward Bathymetry Sensing for Safe High Speed Boat Operation
Abstract:Increase navigational safety of surface vessels through the development of forward looking sonar capable of operating at high speeds. Provide an innovative sonar and mounting or deployment method with minimal cavitation to increase sonar performance while maintaining high speed operational performance of small combatant craft. Existing commercial technologies either in service or under development can be utilized to provide shallow water navigation and obstacle avoidance or alertment. Phase I of this project will result in the development of a sonar system designed to provide navigational data ahead of the vessel for man or unmanned operations. Phase II will result in the production of a prototype designed for testing on an 11 meter RIB.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Lloyd Linder
N101-078      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Dual Well Focal Plane Array (FPA) Sensor
Abstract:Aerius Photonics proposes the development of a unique FPA sensor that accommodates the requirements of this application. In Phase II, Aerius will develop a 640 X 640 30?m InGaAs detector array based FPA sensor that has both the ability to detect low power laser pulses through integration and perform low-light level imaging in a single FPA. The detector array can support both 1064 nm and 1550 nm laser pulses. Aerius and their partner have collaborated on ROIC unit cell circuitry to support the Dual Well FPA concept. The unit cell design supports two charge integration paths. One path integrates the background scene to provide a high fidelity image of the scene. The second path integrates the laser pulse return to pull the signal out of the background noise. Detection of the input return pulse will be determined in conjunction with the back end digital signal processor. In Phase I, Aerius will build a 16x16 InGaAs array to demonstrate the dual well detection concept.

Forza Silicon Corporation
48 South Chester Ave. suite 200
Pasadena, CA 91106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 796-1182
barmak Mansoorian
N101-078      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Dual Well Focal Plane Array (FPA)
Abstract:Two types of pixels will be interleaved in the same array to obtain both passive imaging and imaging synchronized with a laser pulse. The synchronized array will be controlled with a gating clock that will be locked to the laser using a locally generated search algorithm. Standard SiGe processes will be investigated to determine their suitability for infrared absorption at 1064nm.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Oleg Galkin
N101-078      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Dual Gain Gating Imaging Sensor
Abstract:To address the Navy need for an inexpensive dual-well focal plane array (FPA) imaging sensor that can provide “see-spot” capability for a micropulse laser designator, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dual Gain Gating (DuGG) imaging sensor. The proposed system is based on novel gain gating scheme utilizing microchannel amplifier, which will allow detection of low energy laser pulses from a micropulse laser designator. This new design of the dual-well imaging optical scheme will allow simultaneous imaging of weak designating laser spot and the regular background image. As a result, the DuGG system will be an enabling factor allowing low-cost fabrication of lightweight, low- power, and covert laser rangefinders/designators for use by foot soldiers, which directly address the PUMA FNC program needs to develop compact laser rangefinders. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the DuGG system by developing system design, specifying its key parameters, estimating costs, and building a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype of the DuGG system, demonstrate its functionality in a realistic environment, and conduct testing with a laser designator system.

SiOnyx Inc.
100 Cummings Center Suite 243F
Beverly, MA 01915
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 922-0684
Homayoon Haddad
N101-078      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Black Silicon Enhanced Imager for 1064nm Laser Spot Imaging
Abstract:SiOnyx has developed a novel silicon processing technology for CMOS sensors that extends spectral sensitivity into the near/shortwave infrared (NIR/SWIR) and enables a full performance visible imager with integrated 1064nm “See Spot” capability operating at room temperature. The process is compatible with established CMOS manufacturing infrastructure and has the promise of much lower cost than competing approaches. Currently deployed “See Spot” systems use a multicamera image fusion that is expensive and plagued by parallax and optical alignment issues. It is well recognized that a highly scalable silicon based sensor with 1064 nm sensitivity is a game changer for the modern warfighter, allowing pervasive imaging of YAG designator and aiming lasers. Such an imager would also provide outstanding night vision imaging capabilities on a low cost low power platform.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Patrick Magari
N101-079      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:MRI-Compatible Hyper/Hypobaric Chamber
Abstract:Hyperbaric and hypobaric environments are known to have profound effects on the physiology of animals and humans. These effects can limit mission capabilities or, in some cases, even be life threatening. In other cases these environments can induce very beneficial, sometimes life saving health effects. Even though many of these overall health effects have been known for many decades, the underlying physiology is often poorly understood because there is a lack of available instrumentation to directly observe the fundamental phenomena of interest under hypo/hyperbaric conditions. Herein, we propose the development of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible hypo/hyperbaric chamber that will provide a very powerful imaging capability for hyperbaric medicine research. The chamber will be designed for ease of use and flexibility to accommodate a broad range of future experiments. Our initial focus will be on a chamber certified for animal use with the long term objective of transitioning to human use certification. Phase I will focus on working with the hyperbaric research community to define system specifications and developing a preliminary design. In Phase II we will construct a prototype chamber and conduct initial animal experiments to prove out the design and demonstrate the utility of the chamber as a research tool.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
N101-079      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Magnetic Imaging Compatible Hypo-Hyperbaric System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-compatible hypo-hyperbaric system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Magnetic Imaging Compatible Hypo-Hyperbaric System (MICHyS) based on a new design that uses custom and commercial components. The innovations in the design and use of nonferromagnetic materials allow MICHyS to be compatible with fMRI and to function as a hypo-hyperbaric system with pressure exceeding the range of 0.2 to 3.0 ATA. With necessary feedthroughs and accessories for fMRI studies, this system comfortably accommodates an 80 kg subject inside a 3 T MRI chamber to study diving and hypo-hyperbaric medicine. Accurate control of gas composition/pressure/flow rate enables synchronization of gas data with fMRI data. In Phase I, POC will assemble a proof-of-concept small-scale MICHyS prototype of technical readiness level (TRL) 3 with optical and electrical feedthroughs. MRI analysis at 3 T will be conducted by placing a phantom inside the prototype with pressure ranging from 0.2 to 3.0 ATA. In Phase II, POC will construct a full-scale prototype of TRL >6 that can operate safely at pressures exceeding 0.2 to 3.0 ATA inside an MRI chamber. This prototype will be certified for animal and/or human testing.

Reimers Systems, Inc.
8210-D Cinder Bed Road
Lorton, VA 22079
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 952-0240
Ramesh Dixit
N101-079      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:fMRI compatible hypo-hyperbaric system for diving research and hyperbaric medicine
Abstract:The objective of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of constructing the first Hypo- Hyperbaric System for use with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). MRI has proven to be the method of choice for detecting disease in soft tissue. It has found a wide range of applications in most parts of the body and for many diseases. In a ranking of how medical interventions and technology affected their ability to treat patients, physicians ranked MRI and CT as the most important innovation. While the MRI examination is expensive, it has nearly eliminated costly and potentially dangerous "exploratory surgery" procedures. In research, MRI has provided the ability to study disease processes and the response of disease to therapeutic treatment in the only truly relevant laboratory setting; the human body. It has therefore proved a valuable tool for honing disease treatments as well aiding diagnosis. Using the local changes in blood flow and oxygenation that occur where the brain is relatively active, fMRI can localize brain activity and allow the mapping of function to location. The Hypo-Hyperbaric chamber system will permit the use of MRI to study diving and hyperbaric medicine applications.

Penn Semiconductor, LLC
504 E Pennsylvania Blvd
Feasterville, PA 19053
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 966-1746
Matthew O''Grady
N101-080      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Dual Band SAL Seeker Read Out Integrated Circuit
Abstract:Current semi-active laser (SAL) seeker systems pose an eye hazard due to 1.06 um designation wavelength. Penn Semiconductor will develop a SAL seeker readout integrated circuit (ROIC) and focal plane array (FPA) compatible with both eye-safe and eye-hazardous laser designators and compatible with existing SAL seeker processors. The use of an ROIC will also allow integration of additional features to the SAL Seeker guidance systems improving performance and capabilities.

Privatran
1250 Capital of Texas Highway South Building 3, Suite 400
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 431-8460
Burt Fowler
N101-080      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Multi Band SAL Seeker Read Out Integrated Circuit (ROIC)
Abstract:PrivaTran proposes to develop a semi-active laser (SAL) receiver read-out integrated circuit (ROIC) which, when integrated with a government furnished equipment (GFE) sensor array, will provide an advanced dual-band SAL receiver system. Systems with 16x16 detector elements coupled with the PrivaTran ROIC will provide high timing accuracy, use of both eye-hazardous and eye-safe lasers, precision guidance, improved weapons delivery accuracy, higher resistance to false targets, enhanced jammer discrimination, and will increase overall weapon systems effectiveness while maintaining the same active area as conventional quad-cell systems and a low cost, strap down sensor design. The ROIC provides high-bandwidth, pulse-shape sample-and-hold to capture amplitude and phase data with enhanced resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The advanced sampling circuit allows pulses to be captured while simultaneously reading the data buffer, resulting in no sampling dead time. These features allow relative range imaging for improved discrimination of false targets, such as fog, smoke and other reflections that can cause targeting errors in urban battle field conditions, leading to improved targeting, better friend- versus-foe identification, designator flexibility, and superior jammer resistance.

API Engineering LLC
809 Rock Rose Ct
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 665-1138
Ken Presley
N101-081      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Thermal/Mechanical Aqueous Chlorate Solution Oxygen Generator
Abstract:API Engineering LLC is proposing an innovative oxygen source for fuel cell systems that uses an aqueous chlorate solution for its oxygen storage composition. An innovative thermal/mechanical decomposition approach provides oxygen generation in a low risk and compact system. The approach is easily adapted to provide oxygen pressure/temperature conditions to match different fuel cells and fuel reformers. The integrated system requires less than 19 inches of length to provide 50 kg of deliverable oxygen in a 21 inch UUV. As a liquid composition refueling is straigtforward, allowing mission turnaround from outside with no need to open any hull joints. The approach meets required storage, operational, and safety requirements.

Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0531
Han Liu
N101-081      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:High Efficiency Oxygen Generator with Microarray Reactor
Abstract:This NAVY Small Business Innovation Research project is directed toward the development of a novel oxygen generator that employs microarray reactors to achieve high energy density, controllable gas release rate, high conversion efficiency and safe operation. By employing microarray reactors, a high surface area catalyst can be employed without localized high pressure and temperature zones that are usually associated with conventional pack bed reactors. The specific energy of this storage method meets the oxygen storage requirement at a vehicle power system level. Both liquid form and solid form oxygen storage strategies will be developed. The oxygen generator does not need active cooling and requires no additional energy other than liquid delivery, which reduces system complexity and improves efficiency.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2349
Gokhan Alptekin
N101-081      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Tunable O2 Generation for UUVs
Abstract:The majority of the unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) run on batteries. However, extended missions (or high-power, short-duration missions) require a much higher energy density than can be stored in batteries. Fuel cells, such as the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFCs) Systems, can be very efficient and provide much better energy storage density. However, the SOFC generators require an ample supply of high quality oxygen (O2) to oxidize the energy dense heavy hydrocarbon fuels (e.g., JP-5). The oxygen storage system must be safe, reliable, highly compact and deliver the oxygen at a rate that adjusts to meet varying power loads of the UUV. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop an efficient, compact and highly tunable oxygen generation system to support different load profiles of UUV missions. In Phase I, we will carry out a comprehensive design of an oxygen storage and delivery system for a 2.5 kWe SOFC power generator and test key aspects of proposed system at bench-scale to demonstrate the viability of the approach.

Barber-Nichols Inc.
6325 West 55th Avenue
Arvada, CO 80002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 421-8111
Jason Preuss
N101-082      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Development of Advanced Compact Energy Recovery Pumping System for Shipboard Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination
Abstract:The proposed advanced, compact, lightweight turbine-pump (ACLTP) assembly takes advantage of the available pressure in the overboard RO seawater stream via hydraulic Turbine expansion which provides additional boost and pressurization up to the target 1,200 psid at the RO module. The ACLTP boost is added to the inboard seawater stream being discharged from the low pressure electric motor driven (main) pump. By boosting the main pump discharge stream, the main pump is not required to develop as much head and pressure as it would if it developed the required 1,200 psid on its own. This reduces the amount of electrical energy the main pump motor will require while providing the target differential pressure into the RO module. Energy savings, depending on the exact flow rates and RO membrane efficiency, initially are indicated to be in the range of 38 percent to 50 percent. The ACLTP design concept can be adapted to systems with a wide range of flow rates. Thus, “frame sizes” can be developed for a broad range of RO capacity requirements.

Isobaric Strategies Inc
1808 Eden Way
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 277-2858
Leif Hauge
N101-082      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Development of Advanced Compact Energy Recovery Pumping System for Shipboard Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination
Abstract:Small RO desalination plants use high pressure up to 1200 PSI to feed sea or brackish water against a semi-permeable membrane. Only a fraction 15-60 % becomes fresh water, while the remaining is a concentrate that has pressure energy being wasted across a dumping valve. For larger plants there have been developed advanced Isobaric Energy Recovery Devices (IERD) able to transfer up to 95-98% back to the feed stream. For small flow capacity units there are several concepts in the market for energy recovery based on discontinuous positive displacement (piston devices), such as Clark or Pearson pumps that have high efficiency. However, these devices involve multiple moving components subject to wear and are inflexible with respect to feed water quality as their recovery ratio must remain fixed. They can not without extensive modifications adapt to advanced modes of operations, such as HP brine recirculation, brine staging or other advantageous flow schemes arising from future anticipated membrane improvements with respect to flux and rejection. Isobaric Strategies Inc. (Isobarix) has under development a second generation ceramic rotary isobaric ERD with only one moving part, which uses a separate booster pump allowing for flexible operation with respect to feed water source or modified flow schemes. The device is based on US patent # 7,306,437. The proprietary design uses Axel Positioning of Rotor (XPR), which offers substantially less engineered manufacturing cost compared to first generation marketed by Energy Recovery, Inc. The latter uses a ducted rotor positioned within a sleeve that subtracts from the most productive flow area, while XPR allows for a full size rotor within a given size pressure vessel. This translates to up to 65% increased flow at same manufacturing cost. It also applies proprietary advanced features to reduce noise level and cavitation potential.

Ocean Pacific Technologies
2419 East Harbor #173
Ventura, CA 93001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 283-7976
John MacHarg
N101-082      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Development of Advanced Compact Energy Recovery Pumping System for Shipboard Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination
Abstract:Ocean Pacific Technologies (OPT) is proposing to develop a high pressure pump and energy recovery device uniquely suited for shipboard seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems. The proposed device will require a unique integration of pumping and energy recovery technologies that are not currently available for smaller seawater desalination systems.

Sciperio, Inc.
PO Box 15127 6421 S Air Depot, Suite B
Oklahoma City, OK 73135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 622-9200
Robert Taylor
N101-082      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Development of Advanced Compact Energy Recovery Pumping System for Shipboard Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination
Abstract:There is potential for the Navy to improve shipboard desalinization using state of the art Reverse Osmosis (RO) with pressurized feedback. We are proposing not only to provide the highest efficient RO technology, but done so in a package to reduce the weight of the system, reduce the noise during operation, reduce the maintenance required by extending periods between maintenance, simplify the maintenance and increase the ruggedness or durability. This is possible with optimal materials, an optimized design and implementing this with an existing RO, energy recovery pump; the Spectra-Pearson Pump. The Spectra-Pearson Pump is a low speed positive displacement reciprocating plunger pump with advanced energy recovery that allows a seawater source to be desalinated at 8 kWh/Kgal or 2.1 kWh/m^3.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Roger Stettner
N101-083      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Fast, High Resolution 3-D Flash LIDAR Imager
Abstract:The benefits are both military and non-military. The components developed for this proposal will support UAV bathometry, mine identification and topographical mapping. This is proposal is focused on the development of an advanced, low-noise, high-performance, high- speed, large format ROIC and associated electronics. The final camera, the Advanced Underwater LIDAR Camera (AULC) should rival the depth penetration capability of an image-tube-equipped ROAR 3D Flash LIDAR camera. The proposed ROIC has more than six times the pixels of the ROAR 3D ROIC and will have higher depth precision, lower noise and higher dynamic range as well.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 651-6756
Gregory Fetzer
N101-083      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Fast, High Resolution 3-D Flash LIDAR Imager
Abstract:High-resolution lidar imaging provides fully three-dimensional images that have distinct advantages in comparison to two-dimensional images for target detection and identification. Advantages provided by the additional range information improvements in clutter removal improving detection, to lower false alarm rates due by improving identification, and to provide an additional dimension for classification. Areté will exploit its understanding of lidar mine detection and identification coupled with its engineering expertise to develop a 3D camera designed to detect threats in the Surf Zone and Very Shallow Water. The key innovation is a novel readout integrated circuit (ROIC) design that provides higher dynamic range (>12 bits), faster sampling (

Pacific Microchip Corp.
11949 Jefferson Blvd. #105
Los Angeles, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 683-2628
Denis Zelenin
N101-083      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Fast, High Resolution 3-D Flash LIDAR Imager
Abstract:Mine and obstacle detection in very shallow water and through the surf-zone is an extremely challenging technical problem. A recent Navy system uses a 3-D LIDAR employing an image tube with a GaAsP photocathode and an anode based on a silicon PIN diode array bump bonded to a ROIC. The Navy system also uses a range-gated camera for more accurate image analysis at specific water depths. Pacific Microchip Corp. proposes replacing the two sophisticated cameras with a high resolution, light, robust, and low cost monolithic 1024 x 1024 pixel, 56 ranging bin 3-D imager. High light sensitivity, built-in anti- blooming, and wide dynamic range offer high image contrast and effective rejection of the solar and laser glints. A novel data serialization simplifies interfacing at low power consumption. A unique imager topology permits combining four focal planes to build a 4.2M pixel 3-D imager panel for future Navy missions. The proposed ASIC will be manufactured on 200mm CMOS wafers. During Phase I a circuit design and in silico validation of the imager will be provided. Phase II will result in a product ready for commercialization in Phase III.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
George Williams
N101-083      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:High Sensitivity, Sampling 3D LIDAR Imagers for SZ Mine Detection
Abstract:For detection and neutralization of mines and other threats in the surf zone (SZ), a 3D imaging system will be developed with higher resolution and greater sensitivity than contemporary designs. Using circuits proven on existing designs, the readout integrated circuits (ROIC) of a small-pixel-size LADAR focal plane array (FPA) will be developed. The ROIC will be capable of storing 40 samples per frame, with the temporal sampling rate programmable between 1/0.5 ns and 1/10 ns. A low-noise preamplifier proven to have exceptionally high dynamic range at GHz rates is included in the pixel design. Custom circuits are included to address signal overload from glint, allowing recovery within a fraction of a frame. Features to reduce the FPA’s power consumption are included. The ROIC will be designed in Phase I, and will be fabricated, integrated with detectors, and demonstrated in a LADAR camera in Phase II.

HemCon Inc
10575 SW Cascade Ave Suite 130
Portland, OR 97223
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 245-0459
Simon McCarthy
N101-085      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Hemostatic Agent Development
Abstract:We will develop a novel hemostatic, antimicrobial, resorbable, nanofiber dressing utilizing proven hemorrhage control technology in combination with novel advanced technologies. The nanofiber dressing will be prepared using scaleable Nanospider™ electrospinning technology. Nanofiber Based Dressing Constructs (NBDCs) can be prepared to have physical and chemical attributes that closely resemble natural biologic matrix forms such as the body’s extracellular matrix. Because of these characteristics, NBDCs are readily conformable with complex injuries and provide for rapid delivery of hemostatic and antimicrobial functionality. We will investigate the use of a new absorbable, hemostatic, electrospinnable chitosan derivative. The chitosan derivative resorbs rapidly and meets ISO 10993 requirements for a resorbable implantable material. HemCon has performed allergenic human trials using the original base chitosan and has demonstrated absence of shrimp or other allergic responses in hypersensitive individuals. Chitosan surface area, in conjunction with shear promotes platelet activation of clotting. The very high specific surface area of chitosan in the NBDC provides significant advantages in controlling hemorrhage and addressing contamination. HemCon will partner with Haemostatix Ltd to further enhance hemostatic activity by the conjugation of a fibrinogen binding peptide (GPRP) to the NBDC. Initial studies demonstrate that peptide surface coating will control hemorrhage within one minute.

Hybrid Plastics
55 W. L. Runnels Industrial Dr.
Hattiesburg, MS 39401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(601) 544-3466
Joseph Lichtenhan
N101-085      Awarded:9/21/2010
Title:Hemostatic Agent Development
Abstract:The proposed effort comprises a treatment combination using the platelet binding hemostatic capability of Nanoscopic Chemicals known as POSS trisilanols in combination with hyaluronic acid media, and antibiotic drugs in liquid and foam form. Mechanistically, liquid POSS trisilanols are injectable and serve to bind platelets to immediately stop bleeding. Subsequently the bound plateles release a multitude of natural growth factors while in the presence of a supplement of Hyaluronic acid (HA). Growth factors in combination with high amounts of HA are known to aid tissue repair and preservation.

NanoPacific Holdings, Inc.
10960 Wilshire Blvd. Suite 950
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 268-9494
Diego Benitez
N101-085      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Multi-functional Synthetic Co-polypeptides as Hemostatic Agents
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to optimize a synthetic co-polypeptide formulation for the treatment of traumatic wounds. We employ a robust synthetic platform to access diverse functional co-polypeptides formulated as nanoemulsions, vesicles, micelles and optically clear hydrogels. Prior studies have demonstrated biocompatibility and wound healing with synthetic co-polypeptide hydrogels in murine models. Preliminary coagulation screens of polypeptide preparations (varying size and charge) showed wide differences in plasma gel formation and thromboplastin induced plasma clotting times. We propose to design and optimize hemostatic elements into our synthetic co-polypeptide preparations. Initially, we will test changes in primary structure and concentrations of co-polypeptides. Efforts focus on charge distribution (to enhance coagulation), high polypeptide content (to absorb water), hydrogel formulation (to provide matrix-like structure) and combinations thereof. Moreover, our synthetic co-polypeptides are compatible with active pharmaceutical agents, including various hemostatic materials. For commercialization of the hemostatic medical aid, we will seek partners with experience selling through both military and private sector channels. We believe that the distinct advantage of our approach -independent and orthogonal modification of structure-to-function relationships- will support the design of a more effective medical aid for the treatment of major trauma and burn injuries.

Faraday Technology, Inc.
315 Huls Drive
Clayton, OH 45315
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 836-7749
Timothy Hall
N101-086      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Functionally Graded Alloy Coating for Enhanced Erosion Resistance to Electromagnetic Launcher Rails
Abstract:This SBIR program addresses the need for coatings for the rail components of an electromagnetic launcher, that can withstand strong mechanical, chemical, thermal and electrical forces on the rails. In the Phase I program, Faraday will demonstrate the feasibility of an environmentally benign copper-chrome functionally-graded alloy coating on copper rail specimens, that contains refractory inclusions for enhanced erosion resistance. Grading the alloy coating from 100% copper at the coating/rail interface to 100% chromium at the outer coating surface will improve the match of the thermal expansion coefficients at the coating/rail interface, for improved adhesion. The thick, functional chromium will be deposited using Faraday’s environmentally benign trivalent chromium plating process. The Phase I program will include testing via a standard 10 shot protocol to evaluate coating performance, a strategy for transitioning the technology to steel rails, and a preliminary design of a Phase II apparatus for coating full-size components. This technology demonstration will be built upon in Phase II for refinement of the coating and validation on full-scale components, transitioning to steel rails, development of prototype hardware, and extensive life cycle testing. Faraday will be supported by IAP Research through technical expertise, samples, and small scale testing and verification.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 297-3152
David Bauer
N101-086      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Advanced Rail Materials for Electromagnetic Launchers
Abstract:Erosion of copper rail surfaces in EM launchers is a major impediment to their development. Subscale testing at IAP has shown that thin high temperature bore layers such as Tantalum and other refractory metals offer significant protection against erosion. The focus of this Phase I effort is to establish the feasibility of using laser cladding and cold spray technologies to apply high temperature erosion resistant coatings to rail surfaces. These coating technologies are attractive in that they offer the ability to place high hardness low porosity coatings onto low electrical loss copper rail substrates. In addition both processes have the potential to readily scaled to the lengths required for future launcher designs (> 10 m).

Plasma Processes, Inc.
4914 Moores Mill Road
Huntsville, AL 35811
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 851-7653
Daniel Butts
N101-086      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Functional Graded Conductor Rails for Electromagnetic Launchers
Abstract:The US Navy is pursuing the development of an electromagnetic rail gun (EMRG) for long range naval surface fire support. Such guns have been built and operated successfully on a test basis, however several obstacles prevent them from usage in the field. One specific obstacle is the development of suitable materials for the conductor rails. Copper and Cu alloys have been materials of choice for electrical and thermal conductivity considerations. However, abrasion, rail arcs, balloting loads and molten armature metals easily degrade bare Cu surfaces. As a result multiple firings are not possible without significant barrel repair. In order to maximize electrical/thermal conductivity, Cu alloys are likely inescapable. In order to minimize damage to Cu rail, a material with a high melting temperature and high density is essential. Therefore, a rail structure that most practically meets these requirements would have a Cu-based core and a refractory metal surface. However, issues associated with coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch have challenged the production of such a structure via conventional manufacturing techniques. During a Phase I investigation, the ability to form a functionally graded Cu/refractory metal conductor rail surface will be evaluated. The ability to form net-shape, non-planar geometries and the feasibility to grade the through thickness properties will also be investigated.

SANOVA LLC
23-23 Borden Ave. Ste. 232
Long Island City, NY 11101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 392-0009
Saveliy Gugel
N101-086      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Lightweight, Corrosion, Erosion and Ultra-High-Temperature Resistant, Electrically-Conductive Rails.
Abstract:The objective of this topic is development of inexpensive ultra-high temperature (UHT) diffusion coatings on Ti6Al4V components with SANOVA’s new patented LINTERTITANIUM-5™ technology. As a solution, SANOVA proposes creation of super- performing carbo-nitrides on the surfaces of such lighter materials as Ti, Zr and Nb-based alloys using SANOVA’s new patented highly effective thermo-chemical treatment technologies. SANOVA has conducted preliminary experiments on Ti6Al4V alloy and achieved extremely promising results. Phase I effort will be concentrated on further research in creation of super-diffusion coatings on the surface of Ti6Al4V alloy. Special specimens will be created from Ti6Al4V alloy and processed with various treatment protocols on already existing and effective laboratory equipment. Treatment parameters, such as processing cycles, active medium composition and processing temperatures will be iteratively applied and optimized for best material properties. Resulting process will be able to rapidly, consistently and inexpensively create highly-durable light-weight UHT (above 5000°F) protective diffusion layer with extremely high wear, erosion, oxidation, and corrosion resistance on a surface of any Ti6Al4V component. This research will then be continued in Phase II on other Ti alloys and include Zr and Nb alloys to generate optimal light-weight UHT materials which meet and likely exceed MDA requirements.

Schultz-Creehan, LLC
2200 Kraft Drive Suite 1475
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 443-9215
Jeff Schultz
N101-086      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Advanced Rail Materials for Electromagnetic Launchers
Abstract:Improving the useful rail life is major technical barrier to developing a fleet-deployable electromagnetic (EM) launcher. Current copper alloy rails, while having excellent electrical conductivity, are highly susceptible to hypervelocity gouging, galling, and attack by liquid aluminum transferred from the armature. Without a solution for these rail wear problems, the utility of EM launchers may be greatly limited due to high costs (resulting from a limited number of firings between scheduled rail replacements). Metal matrix composite coatings with refractory metal reinforcement, such as tungsten, molybdenum or tantalum, have been identified by NSWCDD as candidate coating materials for improving rail life. A revolutionary wrought metal deposition method, based on friction stir technology, is being developed through ONR funding by Schultz-Creehan to deposit coatings, including MMC coatings, that are metallurgically bonded with the substrate. This wrought metal deposition technology is referred to as friction stir fabrication (FSF). The application of this technology to the EM rail problem would be a straightforward extrapolation of current research and development efforts. As such, herein, Schultz-Creehan presents a novel but realistic approach to improve EM rail life through the application of MMC coatings using FSF.

Adsys Controls, Inc.
18 Technology Dr. Suite 139
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 682-5430
Brian Goldberg
N101-087      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Counter Directed Energy Weapons System
Abstract:Directed Energy Weapons (DEWs) are an emerging weapon technology with the ability to change the face of the battlefield. DEWs provide the ability to perform speed of light engagements on a target from potentially hundreds of miles away or even from space based platforms. As the technology matures other countries will undoubtedly pursue DEW development. Therefore it is imperative that the United States develop countermeasures to defend U.S. forces and assets against the DEW threat. Adsys Controls, Inc. proposes a system to disrupt the core elements of a DEW to render it ineffective. The approach utilizes low-cost components providing a low-risk system implementable on a wide range of military and non-military assets. The key elements of the Adsys Counter DEW (CDEW) system are an early threat detection mechanism that occurs prior to high power engagement and the ability to deploy novel countermeasures to disrupt the DEW tracking mechanisms.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
N101-087      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Laser DEW Threat Detection System for UAV
Abstract:With improved performance in directed energy weapons (DEW), the susceptibility of modern weapon, reconnaissance, and surveillance systems – in particular those with optical sensors – is acute. Recent interest in protection of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and their sensor suites has become extremely important as the use of UAV’s on the modern battlefield increases. There is currently no means of rapidly detecting the direct or scattered radiation from laser-based DEW, determining the precise location of the source, and directing countermeasures to the potentially hazardous energy. The ability to rapidly scan a full hemisphere for potential threats would allow the UAV system to quickly take evasive action or engage optical sensor protection systems. Nanohmics proposes to build and flight test a novel, low-cost optical system for integration on existing UAV platforms that has a spherical field of regard. The optical system has no moving parts, has a very small depth along the optical axes, and can be constructed from light and extremely low-cost glass or injection- molded polymers. Based on a wide-angle laser threat detector system, the innovative Argus laser threat assessment system combines non-imaging optics with integrated reflective surfaces to achieve a wide optical field without sacrificing angular accuracy, sensitivity, or collection aperture.

Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Robert Taylor
N101-088      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Portable Array Module for Disaster Relief and Expeditionary Operations
Abstract:There is a need for transportable alternative energy systems capable of providing 5 – 50 kW of renewable electric power. The proposed Portable Array Module (PAM) meets this need, promising a new age of energy production and storage in situations where highly reliable energy sources must be established and maintained within a very short timeframe. Individual PAM modules are fully functional power generation and storage systems. Within PAM, power is generated by thin film photovoltaic solar cells, then stored and conditioned for use. Every PAM power system stows within a single ruggedized canister for easy transport to the desired location. Once on site PAM power modules unroll to a length of 20 ft in a matter of seconds. Batteries and the necessary electronics to condition the power as it comes off the array are located inside the ruggedized transport canister. The ability of each module to store and condition the power being produced not only ensures a constant source of reliable energy; it simplifies deployment logistics. Field deployment of any size system is as simple as ordering the necessary number of PAM self-contained power modules. Unroll the modules and renewable energy will be generated, stored, and conditioned for use.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Izenson
N101-088      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Compact, Solar-Powered Water Purification System
Abstract:Fresh, purified water is critical for support of humanitarian, disaster relief, reconstruction, and expeditionary operations. Producing potable water from indigenous sources is energy intensive, and supplying fuel to power conventional water purifiers can be a logistical challenge. We propose to develop an innovative water desalination/purification system that is powered completely by solar energy. Our innovative process minimizes the energy needed to purify water, enabling a very compact, solar-powered system that can meet the Navy’s challenging requirements for water purification while eliminating the need to supply fuel. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach through proof-of-concept demonstrations of both the purification process and the solar energy unit and mechanical design of the system. In Phase II we will design, build, demonstrate, and deliver a prototype water purification unit.

Grassmere Dynamics
774 Bob Stiles Road
Gurley, AL 35748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 776-4818
Dan Brown
N101-088      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Alternative Energy Systems and High Efficiency Water Purification Systems for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations, and Expeditionar
Abstract:Grassmere Dynamics, LLC of Gurley, Alabama and ZanAqua Technologies, Inc of Hudson, New Hampshire have teamed together to develop a rapidly deployable solar powered vapor compression distiller. The system will produce 200 gallons per day of potable water from seawater or NBC-contaminated water using a solar concentrator as the only power source. It will be delivered to the site in several components and assembled on site and made operational within two hours by four persons. No individual component of the system weighs more than 80 lbs and all the components can be transported to the site in a standard military truck or H-53 type helicopter. Using proprietary materials and fabrication techniques, the team expects the system to be lower in cost than any competing system on the market today. The system’s low cost will make it accessible to local and state humanitarian and disaster relief organizations, as well as individuals and companies requiring water purification in remote locations that have no electrical power utilities.

Pacific Research Group
5580 La Cumbre Rd
Somis, CA 93066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 701-1690
Robert Lovo
N101-088      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Alternative Energy Systems and High Efficiency Water Purification Systems for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Operations, and Expeditionar
Abstract:Pacific Research Group (PRG) intends to develop a unique combination of components to create the most compact, lightest, and lowest power seawater desalination system ever made. Its low power requirement is due to the fact that the design utilizes a state-of-the-art energy recovery system and this low power feature will enable our system to operate solely from solar power panels. In addition, the PRG design will include a four-stage pre-treatment system that is robust and effective where all four stages can be cleaned in place and able to handle high turbidity source waters. From PRG’s experience, water treatment systems designed to be used for applications that include humanitarian and emergency operations must be able to accommodate difficult-to-treat source waters in remote areas of developing countries, the areas most likely to have a need for this type of equipment. The evolution of low-capacity seawater reverse osmosis desalination systems has been relatively slow and incremental when compared to larger facility-sized desalination technology. Major advances in the areas of energy efficiency, pre-filtration, and material science have not completely transferred to the small system market. PRG intends to change this situation with superior design innovation honed through experience specifically for military applications.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Howard Bailey
N101-089      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Light Weight Coastal Topographic/ Bathymetric Charting System for Naval Unmanned Airborne Vehicles
Abstract:This proposal is for the development of a 3D Flash LIDAR, compact, lightweight, low-power UAV bathymetric and topographic mapping system. The system is called the Compact Hydrographic And Topographic Flash LIDAR System (CHAT-FLS). The proposal is focused on the development of a unique ROIC and associated electronics as well as the relevant compact optics and laser. The design is based upon Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.’s (ASC’s) compact underwater and terrestrial 3D Flash LIDAR imaging systems.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 770-6101
John McLean
N101-089      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Light Weight Coastal Topographic/ Bathymetric Charting System for Naval Unmanned Airborne Vehicles
Abstract:Advances in laser, receiver, processing, and navigation technologies enable development of a compact, lightweight lidar system that is compatible with small UAVs. By leveraging the best of these technologies, Arete Associates has designed a Pushbroom Imaging Lidar for Littoral Surveillance (PILLS) that provides precision hydrographic and terrain mapping at tactically useful coverage rates, suitable for a variety of unmanned platforms. PILLS has no moving parts, completely eliminating the weight, size, power, and reliability issues associated with scanning lidar systems and cooled lasers. The system leverages proven technologies developed and demonstrated for airborne mine countermeasures and airborne laser designators. The system also integrates a dedicated real-time kinematic GPS for precise mapping, independent of aircraft systems. PILLS is an order of magnitude smaller, lighter, and requires a fraction of the power of current lidar systems on manned aircraft, while delivering comparable mapping performance from a small UAV.

Sigma Space Corp.
4400 Lottsford Vista Rd.
Lanham, MD 20706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 552-6004
John Degnan
N101-089      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Light Weight Coastal Topographic/ Bathymetric Charting System for Naval Unmanned Airborne Vehicles
Abstract:Sigma has developed a highly successful, airborne, 100 beam, photon-counting, 3D imaging lidar which operates at a laser repetition rate of 22 Khz and is therefore capable of an unprecedented 2.2 Megapixel per second data rate in topographic mode. The system uses a single passively Q-switched microchip laser operating at 532 nm (near the transmission peak of water) and was designed to fit into the nose cone of an Aerostar mini-UAV. It has successfully performed high resolution (15 cm horizontal, 6 cm vertical) surface topography over wide swaths (up to 524 m) from a nominal operating altitude of 1 km. The mass and weight of the Sigma lidar is roughly an order of magnitude less than the operational SHOALS-3000 lidar We propose to modify the lidar design to provide (in addition to the current topographic mode) one or more software-selectable hydrographic modes of operation, permitting trades between depth penetration and horizontal spatial resolution during bathymetry operations. The active lidar will also be mated with an optically coregistered passive hyperspectral camera which best duplicates the performance of the operational CASI-1500 and the final package will be configured to fit in one of the larger Naval Tier II UAVs, the RQ-Pioneer.

FTL Systems, Inc.
1620 Greenview DR SW
Rochester, MN 55902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(507) 288-3154
John Willis
N101-090      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Compensation of Superconducting ADC for Improved Accuracy
Abstract:Real-time compensation techniques investigated in this effort can improve the precision and accuracy of Superconducting Analog to Digital Converters. Converters of interest include Sigma-Delta (BP and Wide/Base Band), Flash and Time-Interleaved Flash architectures. Compensation techniques utilize information beyond current real time samples, either from calibration operation or domain-specific information.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
N101-090      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Backend Error-Correction Algorithm Unit for Superconducting ADCS
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for real-time error correction (EC) of superconducting analog- to-digital converters (ADCs), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Backend Error-Correction Algorithms Unit for Superconducting ADCs (BECAUS). This proposed technology is based on a suite of blind adaptive EC algorithms implemented on commercially available high-speed semiconductor heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) devices. The innovation in BECAUS enables it to perform real-time error correction of systematic and environmental ADC noise sources with data rates up to 20 Gbps and signal bandwidth up to 500 MHz. As a result, BECAUS offers a three-bit improvement in the effective number of bits (ENOB) in a backend EC unit capable of interfacing to room- temperature digital signal processor (DSP) electronics; this directly addresses the PMW- 120 requirements for high speed all-digital receivers. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of BECAUS by applying software implemented algorithms to recorded data from a Hypres superconducting ADC, and quantify the performance advantage. In Phase II, POC will develop a prototype containing a suite of blind adaptive algorithms, implemented with semiconductor HBT technology. POC will determine bit-level improvement, latency, and power consumption for a 10-MHz sample, and scaling as the ADC bandwidth is increased to 500 MHz.

Ablaze Development Corp
771 E. Lancaster Ave Second Floor
Villanova, PA 19085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 525-5352
Ed Dougherty
N101-091      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Automated Shipboard Build-up of Customized Pallet Loads
Abstract:An agile, modular robotic system for the automated shipboard build-up of customized pallet loads is proposed. The system, dubbed ASAP (At Sea Automated Palletizer), will employ robotics, fuzzy logic, machine vision, load planning software, and a unique cable-based 6 degree of freedom (DOF) Stewart platform as the core mechanism. The concept will allow ASAP to be installed in existing package consolidation areas on ship with very little modification to the existing area.

CAMotion, Inc.
554 N. Ave. NW Suite E
Atlanta, GA 30318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 920-0721
Steve Gieseking
N101-091      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Automated Shipboard Build-up of Customized Pallet Loads
Abstract:This project is expected to make very lightweight, portable, and compact gantry robots able to build arrays of diverse items (or SKUs). Such arrays are commonly needed for palletizing, truck loading, and container loading in both industry and in the military. The process is currently often very manual as cost effective solutions often are not available. The specific technologies needed to go from manual to highly automated are: 1. Building light, compact, cost-effective but capable motion systems. This is the primary intellectual property of the proposing company. 2. Measurement of locations of payloads relative to pickup and deposition points. This is a topic of sensing emphasized in this proposal using evolving but existing technologies which have in the last few years become cheaper and more capable. 3. Methods of lifting, controlling, and depositing accurately diverse items. This is considered the main impediment to current applications and emphasized in the proposal Resolutions of these items are the primary technical issues in the Phase 1 proposal.

Robotics Research Corporation
4480 Lake Forest Drive Suite 408
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 831-9570
James Farrell
N101-091      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Automated Shipboard Build-up of Customized Pallet Loads
Abstract:In this program Robotics Research Corporation (RRC) will develop an efficient, portable and agile material handling system (MHS), which enables autonomous shipboard de- palletizing and rapid build-up of customized pallet loads comprised of a diverse and precise mix of equipment and supplies to support military operations ashore. The MHS will fulfill the US Navy logistics objectives of substantially increasing throughput, while significantly reducing the labor requirement and inventory errors. The modular, scalable, portable and interoperable design characteristics of the MHS will permit it to be optimally configured for each unique installation site. RRC will evaluate and integrate proven commercial-off-the- shelf (COTS) technologies to address issues such as automatic configuration generation of customized pallet loads, operations research based strategies to optimally queue outgoing items, and robust, vision based object recognition and localization techniques. In Phase I, RRC will provide a conceptual design of a class of end effectors to address the wide range of material handling requirements and will specify a scalable work cell layout and a configurable servomechanism and control approach to achieve maximum throughput. The technology base will be extensible to support more advanced levels of delivery systems in future deployments.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 500
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Andreas Hofmann
N101-091      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Automated Shipboard Build-up of Customized Pallet Loads
Abstract:Currently the assembly of pallets by sailors asea and ashore is a time consuming process that requires additional space and materials, which are both at a premium on deployed ships. We proposed a small mobile hydraulic palletizing system that will minimize the need for personnel and increase accuracy in assembling customized pallets. Using pattern recognition and 3D pose estimation combined with information in Navy item catalogs, the system identifies the contents of a source package and its orientation and then places the package onto a destination pallet according to palletizing optimization algorithms that make the best use of available space. The system makes use of the high power density of hydraulics to provide increased strength in a smaller platform as opposed to other solutions.

BTECH Acoustics
17 Surrey Rd.
Barrington, RI 02806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 261-9318
David Brown
N101-092      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Cost-Effective PiezoCrystal Transducer Assembly Technologies
Abstract:The design and development of piezocrystal sonar transducers is a challenging multidisciplinary and technological effort that spans many fields and skill sets. We look to extend and improve our transducer assembly technologies to reduce cost and implementation time for sonar technology transition and in particular our methods for Active-Passive single crystal ring development and fiber glass wrapping to pre-stress segmented ring assemblies.

Materials Systems Inc.
543 Great Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 486-0404
Barry Doust
N101-092      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Cost-Effective PiezoCrystal Transducer Assembly Technologies
Abstract:The objective of this program is to devise and demonstrate innovative materials processing methods for the cost-effective fabrication of relaxor piezoelectric single crystals into complex sonar transducer assemblies. MSI has chosen to focus on fabrication issues in mid to high frequency transducers involving PiezoCrystal composite materials, using its established base of ceramic piezocomposite transducer assembly methods to leverage development of a line of broadly-applicable PiezoCrystal transducer assembly technologies. In Phase I, MSI will develop cost-effective techniques for producing robust PiezoCrystal composite. Highly conductive, mechanically and electrically robust electroding techniques will also be developed based on MSI''s established ceramic composite expertise. In Phase II, MSI will extend the Phase I processing techniques to include lamination of a variety of materials including polymers and metals so that a variety of Langevin style (thickness mode resonator) transducers can be produced.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Jim Powers
N101-092      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Cost-Effective PiezoCrystal Transducer Assembly Technologies
Abstract:Devise and demonstrate innovative materials processing methods for the cost-effective fabrication of relaxor piezoelectric single crystals into complex SONAR transducer assemblies. Candidate technologies in the fabrication of PiezoCrystal transducers include, but are not limited to: forming the as-grown crystalline material into the desired shapes, electroding the crystal, attaching electrical leads, poling the crystal, bonding crystal to crystal, bonding crystal to metals, bonding crystal to insulators, and bonding crystal to polymers.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Kevin Snook
N101-092      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Low Cost Single Crystal Transducer Design and Fabrication for Common Low Frequency Projectors
Abstract:TRS Technologies proposes to develop low cost, low frequency, directional sonar transducer elements using relaxor ferroelectric single crystal in a high elastic compliance resonance mode to minimize the amount of crystal material used in the transducer. TRS will also incorporate several low cost transducer fabrication processes based on our existing commercial production of ceramic elements for the industrial accelerometer industry. The goal of this effort will be to produce broadband crystal sonar elements that are capable of operating at the frequencies and source levels required for submarine and surface ship combat system sonar. TRS will design the transducers using 1-D analytical and 3-D finite element models, and we will fabricate prototype elements using the designs which meet program goals as indicated by the model results. Prototypes will be fabricated according to existing commercial methodology that is modified to accommodate single crystal. Transducer fabrication processes will be developed to minimize labor time. The prototype transducers will be tested in air and in water for transmit voltage response vs. frequency and vertical and horizontal beam profiles. By the conclusion of the program, TRS will have demonstrated the feasibility of fabricating cost effective, low frequency crystal transducers.

Beck Engineering
1490 Lumsden Road
Port Orchard, WA 98367
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 876-9710
Douglas Beck
N101-093      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Energy Harvesting from Thermal and Vibration Loads due to High Temperature, High Speed Impinging Jets
Abstract:The Navy needs technology to convert the energy content of high-speed impinging jets on aircraft carrier flight decks into useful power. We propose to develop an Active Heat Spreader (AHS) to meet Navy needs. DARPA is developing heat spreaders to remove the concentrated energy from impinging jets on Navy flight decks. Our AHS removes the concentrated energy and uses the removed energy to generate power. Our AHS uses the generated power to enhance the performance of our AHS and make our AHS more durable and reliable and less expensive than competing heat spreaders. In Phase I, we will: develop numerical models and codes to predict and evaluate the performance of our AHS subjected to the impingement of an unsteady hot jet; and conduct laboratory-scale experiments to verify our models and codes. In Phase II, we will design, build, and demonstrate the ability of our AHS to remove concentrated energy from high-speed impinging jets. In Phase III, we will: transition our models and codes into a user-friendly predictive software package; develop an AHS suitable for a real deck environment; and market our software and AHS for many applications in the government and private sector.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
N101-093      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Control of and Energy Harvesting from Thermal and Vibration Loads due to High Temperature, High Speed Impinging Jets
Abstract:CRAFT Tech and the research group at the Advanced Aero-Propulsion Laboratory of Florida State University have worked on the jet noise problem and its control for nearly a decade in highly interdisciplinary teams. Leveraging our considerable expertise, facilities that were specifically designed for the type of research proposed here and our highly interdisciplinary research team, a multi-pronged approach is proposed that steps past the limitation of noise control via modification to the nozzle by taking a different approach to control of thermal and vibration loads attenuation for VTOL and/or JBD operations of the JSF F-35B by directing attention towards the modifications to the impingement plane. Specifically, the use of “smart” multi-functional structural materials, including piezoelectric, magneto-resistive and thermoelectric, will be computationally and experimentally investigated for providing vibration/noise control AND for harvesting energy from the unsteady pressure and thermal fields on the impingement plane. Key elements of the proposed research include the following: (a) Control of the Impinging Jet Flow-Noise-Vibration using Active-Adaptive Methods (b) Development & Application of Validated LES and Computational Aeroacoustics (CAA) Tools (c) Development of Piezoelectric Structures for Energy Harvesting and Noise/Vibration Attenuation and (d) Development of Thermoelectric Generators for Energy Harvesting from Thermal Gradients.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Nathanael Kim
N101-093      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Hybrid Self-Control and Power-Harvesting Tile
Abstract:To address these Navy needs for utilizing thermal and vibration effects in an aircraft carrier deck environment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new HYbrid Self-controlling and POwer-harvesting Tile (HYSPOT) for the flight deck. The proposed HYSPOT is based on self-sensed/self-control vibration suppression for vibration-damping and power-harvesting structures to convert thermal energy of jet exhaust to electrical energy. The HYSPOT has a reinforced, tile-like modular structure that can be laid out (or interconnected) to cover a wide area without electric wiring. The innovative self-sensed/self- control design for vibration suppression and high-efficiency power harvesting enables the HYSPOT to damp/absorb impinging jet energy and to convert it to useful energy, as well as to reduce acoustic noise. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the HYSPOT concept with numerical models and experiments on system components showing power- harvesting efficiency from thermal loads, and the vibration reduction due to impingement of an unsteady hot jet. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a HYSPOT prototype and experimental rig to examine the effectiveness of noise isolation, and vibration and thermal energy utilization from hot jet impingement.

AnthroTronix, Inc.
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0770
Corinna Lathan
N101-094      Awarded:5/17/2010
Title:Prevention of Laparoscopic Sugical Skill Attrition
Abstract:Clear needs exists for a more comprehensive understanding of the nature of laparoscopic surgical skill acquisition and decay, objective metrics with which to assess these skills over time, and simulation-based training that supports rapid acquisition, longitudinal retention, and targeted retraining for sustainment of these critical and perishable skills. The proposed SBIR effort seeks to develop and validate a skill acquisition/decay model, novel objective metrics, and simulation-based training strategies for the prevention of laparoscopic surgical skills attrition. Objective metrics assessed will include advanced simulator-based metrics and metrics derived from instrument tracking, motion tracking, and vision tracking technologies, as well as advanced cognitive assessment technologies capable of assessing learning and cognitive workload. The ultimate goal of this effort is to integrate the resulting system within standardized military medical training curricula for enhanced training and sustainment of these critical skills.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 842-1548
Jared Freeman
N101-094      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Medicus- Laparoscopic Sugical Skills Training and Assessment Tool
Abstract:While on deployment, many surgeons – including those who specialize in obstetric, vascular, cardiac, and orthopedic surgery – spend the bulk of their time performing trauma surgery. Such prolonged lapses in practice can result in the decay of specialized knowledge and skills. This becomes a major problem upon the surgeons’ return stateside, when they are expected to resume their specialty duties with little or no re-credentialing. With this in mind, Aptima proposes to develop the MedicusTM Laparoscopic Surgical Skills Training and Assessment Tool, which applies automated measurement of psychomotor skills to drive deliberate practice-based training for decay-prone skills. When complete, MedicusTM will collect real-time measures of the surgeons’ performance that are measured using the position, orientation, and/or manipulation of the surgical instruments. MedicusTM will then calculate mathematical formulae-based measures of the surgeon’s performance, score the surgeon’s performance by comparing it with those of surgical experts, and provide the surgeon with diagnostic feedback using computer animations with audio commentary. Finally, MedicusTM will be integrated with another tool that trains and assesses critical cognitive skills in laparoscopic surgery. The end result will be an integrated set of training and assessment tools for laparoscopic surgeons in the military and civilian medical communities.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
N101-094      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Laparoscopic Surgery Training System (LASTS)
Abstract:What is needed is a more complete and validated set of standards for training and assessing Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). The problem is determining what actually constitutes the necessary set of surgical skills, and how to measure the skills objectively. Additionally, such metrics must be validated in terms of objectivity, cost, and learning transfer to the operating room. Furthermore, little is known about the durability of surgical skills, including how skills decay and how to best train and retrain skills to reduce such decay. What is needed is a conceptual model and objective measures that reliably assess: surgical skill acquisition during training; skill decay when skills are unused; and skill reacquisition during retraining or refresher courses. To achieve these objectives, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of an automated Laparoscopic Surgery Training System (LASTS) for learning and refreshing MIS/LS skills in simulation. LASTS uses models of skill acquisition, decay, and assessment, as well as individual training models to maximize training effectiveness and minimize skill attrition.

Albido Corporation
19 Leaming Rd
Colorado Springs, CO 80906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 502-1348
Viorel Olariu
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Distributed Wireless Sensor Network for Structural Health Monitoring of Ships
Abstract:In recent years, the need for highly reliable, durable and non-intrusive systems for monitoring the health condition of naval structures becomes more and more recognized. Such Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems should be able to detect failures in their early stages so that the repairs would be less expensive or, even better, it should be able to predict the critical conditions so that preventive actions can be taken to avoid possible damage. Albido proposes a system capable of structural health monitoring, particularly of measuring high-bandwidth strain and temperature of naval structures operating in extreme environments, which uses wireless true passive sensors. Albido’s sensors will be able to make both static and oscillatory strain measurements on small or large areas. Due to its small thickness and low weight, Albido’s sensors can also be used on moving structures without disturbing the aerodynamic properties. The proposed system is low cost, low maintenance, reconfigurable, adaptive, scalable up to more than 500 sensors, easy to install on new or existing structures, and does not disrupt the environment.

Civionics, LLC
1954 McIntyre St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 660-4286
Andrew Zimmerman
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:A Hierarchical Wireless System for Distributed Strain Monitoring in Naval Structures
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is currently pursuing the development of a new line of light-weight, high- speed aluminum ships to supplement their aging fleet of steel hull vessels. Because these new aluminum vessels are designed for high-speed operation, they will be exposed to demanding seaway loads with bow slamming possible. As such, technologies that can detect and quantify structural degradation or damage within an aluminum hull (such as fatigue or stress-corrosion cracking) have become increasingly sought after. In this proposal, a novel hierarchical approach to strain monitoring in Naval platforms will be developed. At the lowest level of the proposed strain monitoring architecture will be a dense network of ultra low- power, miniaturized strain sensor nodes that meet the form factor and cost demands of the U.S. Navy. These nodes will connect wirelessly to more sophisticated wireless sensor nodes that form a part of a much larger ship hull monitoring system. By employing an architecture where dense arrays of low-cost, light-weight miniaturized wireless strain sensors are seamlessly joined with a global network of intelligent wireless sensing units, shipboard strain monitoring systems can be deployed at reduced weight and cost, while eliminating problems associated with data glut and sensor density.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Carl Palmer
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Wireless Distributed Strain Sensing for Structural Health Monitoring (WISDOM)
Abstract:Impact Technologies, with assistance from Illionix and oversight from Boeing and Lockheed Martin, proposes to develop an integrated, easily scalable, low-cost wireless, batteryless sensing network for enabling advanced structural health monitoring (SHM) of key components on DoD (and commercial) platforms. These include ships, submarines, and aircraft. The proposed system utilizes emerging “Computational RFID” (CRFID) technology to enable wireless sensing. Each sensor is an autonomous WISP-based (wireless identification and sensing platform) CRFID node that utilizes an extremely low powered microprocessor powered solely by RF power harvesting. Sensed health data is transmitted via backscatter using standard protocols to RFID reader nodes that interface with existing ship/aircraft systems in order to complete the data integration. Many unpowered sensors can be handled by a single reader node. In phase I, the project focuses on distributed strain sensing. However, the technology developed in phase I should be readily transferrable to other sensing needs for health monitoring, including corrosion, humidity and vibration. The three-phase program will result in an easily reconfigurable, continuous, and intelligent monitoring system that will help the Navy and OEMs reduce maintenance & inspection costs, improve readiness, and reduce the risks of unexpected structural failures.

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9004
Behzad Moslehi
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Multiplexed Fiber Optic Sensor System for Structural Health Monitoring of Ships
Abstract:IFOS will demonstrate the feasibility of optical fiber based distributed network of sensors for load monitoring of ship structures. The proposed IFOS fiber optic sensor system will be reliable and durable in a sea environment, capable of monitoring a minimum span of 400 ft with miniature cost-effective non-intrusive sensors, will have good sensitivity and dynamic range (sub-microstrain to thousands of microstrain), and be reconfigurable, adaptive and scalable up to 500 sensors, with good frequency response. The innovative IFOS approach involves a miniaturized interrogator with parallel photonic signal processing implemented by integrated optic chips and includes ruggedized fiber sensing cables with many sensing elements. Other attributes include EMI resistance and have minimal wiring and maintenance requirements. In Phase I, IFOS will demonstrate a feasibility prototype for 50 sensors on a large cantilever beam with 200 Hz sampling based on an innovative hybrid multiplexing scheme. This will be extended in Phase II to a dynamically reconfigurable fiber optic sensor system for 500 sensors.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-6725
Sandra Klute
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Distributed Sensor Network for Structural Health Monitoring of Ships
Abstract:Our nation’s security requires that we maintain our position as the preeminent Naval force in the world. Hull fatigue is one of the key factors that reduce the lifetime of a ship. Hull inspection and maintenance increases the operation cost. Technology that reduces wear and tear on ship hulls, reduces unnecessary maintenance and avoids premature decommissioning will allow for cost reductions while using the most advanced technology. A system is needed that can measure the strain in a ship’s hull in real time and provide warnings when the hull is approaching a predetermined strain limit. Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes to develop a distributed fiber optic strain sensing network with a lifetime greater than ten years, a sensor footprint of less than 1 square cm, a measurement range of +/-5000 microstrain, and a frequency response of at least 200 Hz over a range of 400 ft. The sensor will be comprised of a single optical fiber that is less than 0.25 mm diameter. This fiber will require no electrical connections, no batteries, and no switches. Additional benefits of the system are its small size, highly rugged design and intrinsic EMI immunity.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Brent Roeder
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Distributed Sensor Network for Structural Health Monitoring of Ships
Abstract:There is a critical need for the ability to assess the structural health of the Navy’s ships through the use of strain monitoring. Typical strain monitoring systems consist of a set of analog strain sensors connected by individual cables to a centralized data acquisition system where their analog signals are conditioned and digitized for processing and analysis. This architecture has many disadvantages. It is cumbersome and obtrusive because of the amount of cabling required to connect the strain sensors to the data acquisition unit. Additionally, because of the long measurement lines these systems are very sensitive to electromagnetic interference (EMI) which can corrupt the analog signal leading to poor signal quality. This is especially true in the harsh EMI environment of a naval ship. A strain monitoring system that is simple, unobtrusive, and highly reliable would be invaluable to the Navy for assessing the health of their vessels. To provide this capability, McQ will develop the strain acquisition and monitoring system (SAMS). SAMS will reduce the amount of cabling required to instrument structures of interest, will be tolerant of EMI, and will be capable of running without batteries.

MicroStrain, Inc.
459 Hurricane Lane Suite 102
Williston, VT 05495
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 862-6629
Steven Arms
N101-095      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Scalable, Energy Harvesting, Wireless Sensor Network for Structural Health Monitoring of Ships
Abstract:Structural health monitoring (SHM) of large structures such as Navy ships requires an in depth knowledge of operational loads and how these loads may change over time. A network of low cost, wireless strain sensors can provide this information. During Phase I, we will demonstrate a highly synchronized, scalable network of energy harvesting wireless strain sensors. By converting ambient cyclic strains into power, these sensors can monitor operational loads for the lifetime of the ship without battery replacement. Synchronized strain, temperature, shock, vibration, and loads data may be collected at high data rates. Timing synchronization and data collection is orchestrated with a wired network of Ethernet enabled wireless controllers and wireless sensor data aggregators (WSDAs). The wireless sensing network uses time division multiple access to control communications and to reduce power consumption through duty cycling. The network is organized in critical structural clusters such that at least one node in the cluster is always actively sampling. In the Phase I Option, we will demonstrate that during relatively low loading conditions, energy is conserved and stored. In contrast, during relatively high levels of accumulated damage or when overloads are detected, the network automatically adjusts its operating modes to become more vigilant.

Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC
205 Williamson Square
Franklin, TN 37064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 595-6665
Jeffrey Paine
N101-096      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Non-Inductive Control Surface Actuator
Abstract:Dynamic Structures and Materials, LLC (DSM) proposes a novel piezoelectric ceramic motor actuator for actuating flight control surfaces such as canards in mortars and gun launched munitions. The proposed miniature piezoelectric ceramic actuation technology is based on a “inertial” vibration motor concept that has been shown to be able to produce over 15 lbf in linear applications and 2 lbf-in in rotary applications. The motor also provides high resolution control authority of less than 0.001” and nearly instantaneous stroke without the windup or backlash found in traditional geared electromagnetic or hydraulic/pneumatic actuation technologies. DSM has demonstrated that components of the motor technology can withstand gun launch accelerations of up to 100 kG. Development of an electronics driver that requires minimal space and little or no power during hard-over or holding maneuvers is also proposed. A Phase I experimental feasibility test and analysis results will demonstrate the potential for the Phase II system.

New Scale Technologies, Inc.
121 Victor Heights Parkway
Victor, NY 14564
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 924-4450
Daniele Piazza
N101-096      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Non-Inductive Actuation Mechanisms to Reduce Interference with Magnetometer-Based Navigation
Abstract:A non-inductive rotary actuator system is proposed to move canards in miniature guided munitions without magnetic interference. This new actuator is a piezoelectric ceramic motor that uses ultrasonic vibrations to directly rotate a shaft with high torque and speed and without gears or other mechanical linkages. Multiple vibrating piezoelectric beams generate tangential forces on the rotating shaft. The forces from the individual piezo elements are optimized in frequency, amplitude and preload and driven by advanced electronic circuits which maximize power density and efficiency. The tangential forces from individual piezo elements are designed to add together and produce 0.2 N-m of torque, 0.13 m/sec speed, using approximately 30 W and fitting in a volume of one inch cubed The system is designed to be simple, low mass and strong enough withstand high launch accelerations. The piezoelectric devices operate directly from less than 24 volts which eliminates the need for a voltage boost and associated inductors. Two-phase ultrasonic drive signals are generated using high-efficiency full-bridge switching integrated circuits. The drive and control electronics, including the driver IC’s, position sensor, and microprocessor fit inside the actuator volume.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Oleg Galkin
N101-096      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Piezoelectric Canard Actuation System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for non-inductive actuators for the canard actuation system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Piezoelectric Canard Actuation (PiCA) system. The proposed system is based on a new nonmagnetic design of the canard actuation based on ultrasonic piezoelectric motor technology. The innovation in the use of piezoelectric motors will achieve a zero magnetic signature of the system, and new design of the canard based on PiCA technology will allow for achieving high torque and speed in a small form factor that is compatible with low-caliber munitions. As a result, the PiCA system will not corrupt the readings of onboard magnetometers, and will be compatible with the size, weight, and power requirements for the 81 mm and 60 mm mortar rounds, which directly address the PUMA FNC program needs to develop precision-guided munitions. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of PiCA system by developing a system design, specifying its key parameters, and building a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a full PiCA prototype, demonstrate its capability to deliver adequate mechanical output, and characterize its non-interference performance in controlled magnetic environment.

ADC Acquisition Co. dba Automated Dynamics
407 Front Street
Schenectady, NY 12305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 377-6471
Kurt Kimball
N101-097      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Innovative Material Design and Manufacturing Development for a Lightweight, Low-Cost, Highly Survivable Drive Shaft
Abstract:Drive shafts for aerospace platforms are highly loaded, stressed, fatigued, and without question must maintain their operational capabilities. A component of this importance requires a material and design that provides not only a solution to stringent design criteria, but also a high level of confidence to the people who are fielding the platform and ultimately, the end user, service men and women. With properties such as high damage tolerance, operational durability, and extremely high strength and stiffness to weight ratios, these materials are ideal for the high speed and dynamic service conditions that drive shafts operate in. At densities approximately 80% less than steel, 40% less than aluminum, and a Tensile Modulus of 20 Msi, continuous carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites offer the ability to reduce component weight while maintaining the needed strength and stiffness. The proposed manufacturing technique, automated in-situ fiber placement, offers capabilities desirable when manufacturing components that require high degree of accuracy and repeatability. With the high degree of accuracy and repeatability gained by using NC controlled equipment to place the composite tape, combined with its low percentage of labor, the in-situ fiber placement process is an excellent manufacturing approach for highly engineered, precision structures.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 848-5957
Brandon Pollett
N101-097      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Hybrid Carbon/Aramid Composite Drive Shaft with Captured Titanium End Fittings
Abstract:Aurora proposes to enhance the CH-53K helicopter drive shaft by reducing the weight and improving its ballistics survivability through the use of advanced composite materials. The new drive shaft will utilize carbon and aramid fibers, an advanced BMI resin system, and captured titanium end fittings in conjunction with existing metal components to reach these improved performance goals. A hybrid composite design also allows for material property tailoring to better meet the structural, dynamic, and environmental requirements imposed on the drive shaft. A composite drive shaft solution that is light weight, low cost, and provides operational performance after incurring ballistic damage would greatly benefit the overall value, performance, and survivability of military rotary wing assets.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Tim Mustone
N101-097      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Production-Optimized Composite Shafting with Novel Ballistically-Tolerant Laminate Architecture
Abstract:KaZaK Composites will leverage our currently active development program for new composite LCAC shafts, applying this evolving technology to development of similar composite CH-53K shafts. As CH-53K progresses through development, a novel drive shaft solution is desired that reduces weight and cost, and also improves ballistic durability compared to the legacy shaft. Composite material offers an attractive solution, but in some cases where traditional composite design and manufacturing methods such as braiding and RTM were used, weight savings from composite shafts were disappointing due to the additional material required to meet ballistic tolerance requirements. KaZaK proposes to work with world-class experts in composite materials and shaft design, along with a leading helicopter manufacturer, to demonstrate a novel laminate technology that has been shown to considerably increase strength and fatigue resistance compared to conventional layups. We will show that delamination resistance of our proposed laminate architecture will translate to enhanced ballistic performance, as has already been demonstrated for strength and fatigue. In Phase I KaZaK will develop a composite design optimized for our material approach (using IM7/8552), then produce and test samples demonstrating the efficacy of the new solution for mitigation of damage propagation, resulting in a lighter ballistically tolerant solution.

V System Composites Inc.
9431 Dowdy Dr.
San Diego, CA 92126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 444-1831
Matthew Thompson
N101-097      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Innovative Material Design and Manufacturing Development for a Lightweight, Low-Cost, Highly Survivable Drive Shaft
Abstract:Composite structures have provided significant mass savings and total O&M cost savings when compared with traditional metallic solutions for key primary and secondary aerospace structures in both commercial and DoD related applications. On a pure specific strength and stiffness standpoint, intermediate modulus carbon reinforced polymer matrix composites have consistently shown savings approaching 40% when compared to comparable metallic designs. With the simultaneous application of both hot/wet environments, total affordability, and durability under conventional ballistic threats, much of the gain realized by the use of composites is lost to parasitic mass in the armoring solution. V System Composites’ personnel experience with armor hardening of vehicles against full velocity ball and AP 7.62 and 12.7 mm rounds have helped us tie our analytical understanding of dynamic ballistic impact with the materials technology used to successfully defeat such threats with optimum mass. However, in this effort, the manufacturer has shared with us several competing requirements that require a blended approach to a producible drop-in solution meeting CH- 53K ballistic, performance, and cost criteria. VSC proposes to combine an robust materials technology effort, combining high through-thickness strength braided or 3-D woven preforms infused with novel D5 resin as both a structural matrix as well as a high energy absorption element of the total hardening solution, and combining that with optimal distribution of remaining weight bogie that successfully defeats the ballistic threat while maintaining some of the total mass savings of a composites design solution.

Innovative Scientific Solutions, Inc.
2766 Indian Ripple Rd
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-4980
Jim Crafton
N101-098      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Skin Friction Measurement Technology for Underwater Applications
Abstract:The measurement of skin friction on hydrodynamic surfaces at high Reynolds numbers is essential for the design of advanced Naval technology. Knowledge of the mean skin friction and flow separation is essential for the validation of computational models and design of advanced maneuvering systems. Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of wall skin friction on complex surfaces under high Reynolds number continues to be problematic. In this proposal we introduce an optical sensor for measurements of mean skin friction on large models that operates in water. This sensor is based on the diffusion of a fluorescent dye from a polymer film into the water, a mass transfer sensor. Mass transfer is determined by monitoring the rate of dye diffusion from the film and applying a transient model to the process. This technique has been demonstrated qualitatively by detecting boundary layer transition on an airfoil model in the 12-inch water tunnel at Penn State University. In the Phase I effort, a series of sensors will be manufactured and tested on a flat plate in the Penn State University water tunnel at Reynolds numbers of up to 9-million. Skin friction results from the new sensor will be compared to established techniques.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
A. Hill
N101-098      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Conformal Nanostructured Metal Rubber™ Skin Friction Sensors for Near-Wall Flow Analysis of Underwater Vessels
Abstract:NanoSonic plans to develop a novel, lightweight, and conformal sensor skin that would measure skin friction to assess near-wall surface flows of underwater vessels. Specifically, a thin nanostructured sensor skin that can be conformally attached onto a substrate or vessel to monitor skin friction will be demonstrated. Other wall shear-stress measurement techniques, such as oil-film interferometry, micro-electro mechanical systems, and liquid- crystal coatings, tend to be highly complex, non-practical for underwater applications, and do not typically have the necessary accuracy levels needed. On the other hand, NanoSonic’s Metal Rubber™ (MR™) skin friction sensors are conformal, ultrathin, contains no moving parts (spatially-distributed sensor elements and interconnect components are all integrated into skin), and does not require cameras or imaging systems to analyze near-wall flow. The ability to precisely measure and map skin friction over surfaces of underwater components is important to the design and control of ship structures, underwater control surfaces and propulsion systems, specifically for flow control and drag reduction. During Phase I, NanoSonic would analytically model and experimentally demonstrate the performance of MR™ sensor skin materials in response to near-surface flow fields for multi-directional sensing. The shear-strain detection properties of MR™ sensor skins can be controlled through molecular-level chemical processing.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Daniel Bock
N101-098      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Time-of-Flight Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for high-accuracy, skin friction measurement of a fluid in underwater applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Time-of-Flight Surface Acoustic Wave (TOFSAW) sensor. This proposed device is based on a new design for surface acoustic wave coupling to fluids for velocity measurement in 3D around the detection point. The innovation in the TOFSAW sensor design will enable the device to measure the velocity profile to give a measurement of the fluid frictional forces at high velocity and high Reynolds numbers (up to 20 million). As a result, this device offers better than 0.1% accuracy, self-calibration, digital-signal output, and small size, which directly address the Navy requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of TOFSAW by developing a proof-of concept device to measure Reynolds numbers up to 1 million. In Phase II, POC plans to further mature the technology, testing it in fluid flows of Reynolds numbers of 10 million at the end of development.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Hartmut Legner
N101-098      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Marine Skin Friction and Turbulence Measurements Using Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel, non-obtrusive system based on a Fourier Domain Doppler Coherent Optical Tomography (FD-DOCT) technique to measure the near-wall fluid velocity profile, skin friction and turbulence characteristics present in high Reynolds number fluid flow. This system will allow fluid velocity profile measurement with high spatial resolution (5 microns) in the 5 to 100 micron region of the wall/fluid boundary and thus provide direct information on wall shear stress, a quantity of paramount interest to researchers in their efforts to understand turbulent flow and its contribution to drag resistance for submarines and ships. The spatial resolution of this technique, combined with its speed of measurement and ability to function in highly turbulent flows, will exceed those of the traditional techniques for flow field measurements such as Hot Wire Anemometry, LDV and PIV, and for shear stress measurements using direct or inferred schemes. This improved accuracy will translate into a better understanding of Reynolds number scaling, improved CFD validation, and submarine/ship configuration design. We have already performed proof-of-principle experiments that demonstrated the ability of FD-DOCT to make fluid flow measurements in a water flow environment.

Prime Research, LC
1116 South Main St Suite 200
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-2200
John Coggin
N101-098      Awarded:5/10/2010
Title:Skin Friction Measurement Technology for Underwater Applications
Abstract:Prime Research LC (PRLC) proposes a novel device for measurement of skin-friction which promises to alleviate many of the problems historically encountered with practical wall-shear measurements. The proposed device is the culmination of many years experience with the design and testing of skin-friction gages, including at-sea evaluation of marine drag reduction technology. The proposed skin friction gage capitalizes on this experience and utilizes highly sensitive transduction techniques, low-friction bearing technology, and careful consideration of design for marine environments in order to provide a robust and accurate instrument.

Cognitive Radio Technologies, LLC
147 Mill Ridge Rd, Suite 212
Lynchburg, VA 24502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 230-6012
James Neel
N101-099      Awarded:9/17/2010
Title:Spectrum Agile Network Distributed Subcarrier Allocation
Abstract:Incorporating distributed subcarrier allocation (DSCA) capability into WNW will improve operational effectiveness and allow WNW networks to operate under more restrictive spectrum constraints. Phase I of this project will establish the technical feasibility of DSCA by accomplishing the following. 1) Establish a state-of-art baseline in subcarrier allocation and net control technology, referring to multiple standards - at least 802.22, the 802.16 family, CogNeA, WPAN protocols, and LTE.802.22, 802.16xx standards. (Task 1) 2) Synthesize candidate dynamic subcarrier allocation strategies and algorithms for OFDM based wireless WNW networks experiencing a variety of possible link conditions including geographically localized narrowband/partial band interference, time varying channels with frequency selective fading, strong neighbor interference and shadowing. The solutions will consist of cross layer subcarrier allocation in the SiS, MDL, and MI layers as well as communicating with neighboring nodes and maintaining network stability. (Task 1, 2) 3) Generate a technology insertion plan for inserting distributed subcarrier allocation schemes into WNW. (Task 2) 4) Identify implementation issues that would be encountered at the SiS, MDL, MI, & Network layers by introducing these schemes and candidate solutions to those issues Test/evaluate and rank the candidates in terms of performance benefit, ease of implementation and compatibility with WNW-OFDM architecture. (Task 4)

Shared Spectrum Company
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 110
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 761-2818
Mark McHenry
N101-099      Awarded:9/21/2010
Title:Spectrum Agile Network Distributed Subcarrier Allocation
Abstract:Shared Spectrum Company (SSC) and Boeing Integrated Defense Systems build on their work on the JTRS GMR, DARPA MAINGATE, EPLRS and XG programs to incorporate spectrum agile, network, distributed, subcarrier allocation radio capabilities into the Joint Tactical Radio System GMR Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW). The purpose of this project is to define candidate space-time-frequency distributed algorithms and protocols for the physical, MAC, and network layers in a network for manipulating the spectra of OFDM wireless networks nodes in response to degradations observed geographically within the network and within its spectrum. Our approach considers multiple factors (non-cooperatives (Dynamic Spectrum Access - DSA), resource allocation, multi-path interference and interference mitigation to influence subcarrier selection. Our design in based on its DSA software with dynamic subcarrier allocation that has already been ported to two different radio platforms (MAINGATE and EPLRS). Boeing provides detailed knowledge of the WNW waveform and WNW software architecture.

KAB LABORATORIES INC.
1110 Rosecrans Street, #203
San Diego, CA 92106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 523-1763
John Helewa
N101-100      Awarded:8/26/2010
Title:Multi-Source Imagery and Geopositional Exploitation (MSIGE)
Abstract:Full Motion Video (FMV), as a subset of Imagery Intelligence (IMINT), is an important accelerator in the Find, Fix, Track, Target, Engage, and Assess (F2T2EA) process. It can provide behavioral cues for a target that are difficult to discern from still images or non- visual sensor reporting alone. But, the natural form of video has several problems: it is cumbersome to review; it is bandwidth intensive to distribute; and it is not smartly integrated with a Common Operational Picture (COP). In addition, when it comes to supporting Time Sensitive Targeting (TST), slow analytical processes result in missed opportunities This Multi-Source Imagery and Geopositional Exploitation (MSIGE) SBIR response makes near real-time assessment, alerting and reporting between Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and IMINT easier to perform. The proposed solution will provide innovative techniques to rapidly correlate geopositional data with FMV.

Mosaic ATM, Inc.
801 Sycolin Road Suite 306
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 589-2863
Stephen Pledgie
N101-100      Awarded:8/30/2010
Title:AFOS: Automated Geopositional Feature-on-Video Overlay Service
Abstract:Mosaic ATM proposes to develop an Automated Geopositional Feature-on-Video Overlay Service (AFOS) that provides the capability to accurately superimpose (layer) geospatial information on top of live aerial video feeds. System execution will employ Detail and Resource Throttling (DaRT) to achieve high overlay configurability and adaptation of processing to accommodate changing optical / viewing conditions and resource availability within a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) environment. We compute and refine the pose of an optical sensor using a multi-rate iterated filter whose measurements are dynamically configured online as a function of scene geometry, video quality, and processing residuals. These capabilities enable the AFOS system to achieve a high-degree of fully-automated performance, delivering persistent quality of service to the human operator across a spectrum of environmental conditions.

TICOM Geomatics, Inc.
9130 Jollyville Road Suite 300
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 345-5005
David Boles
N101-100      Awarded:9/9/2010
Title:Multi-Source Imagery and Geopositional Exploitation (MSIGE)
Abstract:Counter-insurgency (COIN), counter-terrorism, and anti-piracy operations require an accelerated kill chain (find, fix, track, target, engage, and assess - F2T2EA) because these elusive targets present brief and sparse windows of opportunity for collection and targeting. STRIKE LINE will provide a real-time, fused battlespace picture and support time-sensitive targeting (TST) by developing software services for DCGS-N delivering integrated SIGINT geopositional (geolocation including SRI) and imagery data (e.g. FMV) from sensors operating across multi-level security (MLS) boundaries. Two case studies (Scan Eagle UAS and EP-3 / other P-3 aircraft) will be utilized to analyze options for providing combined MULTI-INT data from aircraft to DCGS-N. Key focus areas include data transfer management and MLS communications architecture, SIGINT / Imagery data integration, error propagation including data representation and fidelity improvements, and SIGINT / Imagery CONOPS analysis. STRIKE LINE offers rapid transition of the capability to greatly expand DCGS-N access to CSG/ESG organic ISR assets (e.g. ScanEagle, MH-60, E2-C, others). It will also be interoperable with theater-level Navy assets (EP-3 and others) through native HITS/ISRnet C2 and Joint / National assets via two widely deployed standards: the Airborne Overhead Interoperability Office, Joint Interface Control Document (AOIO JICD v4.0) and Cursor on Target (CoT).

3 Phoenix, Inc.
14585 Avion Pwy Suite 200
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 956-5333
Tushar Tank
N101-101      Awarded:9/9/2010
Title:Densely-Packed Target Data Fusion for Naval Mission-level Simulation Systems
Abstract:We propose a principled data fusion framework that is appropriate for an adaptive classifier implemented with supervised and multi-task learning. The detection and data fusion (DDF) engine will incorporate a novel Bayes-optimal multiple target tracking system. We will investigate several different metrics of the utility of data fusion in addressing strategic and tactical course of actions. We will perform testing on measured data to help define which is the most appropriate for Navy multi-sensor missions. In addition, we will develop new techniques for feature adaptation and selection based upon current operational scenarios within the battle space.

Jove Sciences, Inc.
377 South Nevada Street
Carson City, NV 89703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 366-6554
alice wilson
N101-101      Awarded:9/13/2010
Title:Mission Intelligence Sensor Management and Data Fusion Automation & Collaboration Tool (MISMADFACT) for Dense Target Environments
Abstract:The AquaQuIPS multi-INT, ship track data fusion engine has shown exceptional performance during numerous Navy Exercises, including Trident Warrior 08 and Trident Warrior 09. AquaQuIPS finished as a Top Ten technology and has been chosen for an experiment to interdict self powered semi submersible (SPSS) contacts in TW-10. AquaQuIPS has been integrated into a large NAVSEA Program of Record five years ago called Undersea Warfare Decision Support System based on its performance relative to that of other data fusion processors. Using this real time experience and excellent performance, a design concept for a Mission Level Modeling and Simulation Processor is proposed for six levels of processing: sensor inputs: net sensor GRIDs, single sensor trackers; data fusion engine modeling in dense target environments; abnormal behavior detection; and strategic and tactical courses of action decisions. The Mission Intelligence Sensor Management and Data Fusion Automation & Collaboration Tool (MISMADFACT) design is described for each of the six levels, and a new Simulated Annealing algorithm is introduced for difficult optimization problems. A unique approach for abnormal behavior detection is described based on Fleet operator inputs from TW-08 and TW-09. The Option Task focuses on the unique data fusion issues of introducing an acoustic sensor.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 794-3520
Richard Zuelsdorf
N101-101      Awarded:9/14/2010
Title:Densely-Packed Target Data Fusion for Naval Mission-level Simulation Systems MP 11-10
Abstract:Current Department of Navy (DON) mission-level simulators are not adequate for detection and data fusion (DFF) in target-dense environments for the support of robust determination or evaluation of COAs. This is due to inadequate handling of the ambiguities in track correlation and the subsequent effects on situational awareness (SA). Metron proposes solutions that address the difficulties inherent to all-source fusion of multi-Int data, through innovative correlation techniques, anomaly detection, ambiguity resolution, adversary action, and the treatment of low-resolution sensors. As data fusion often involves a human element, Metron shall consider agent-based modeling (ABM) techniques to effect the clustering and correlation of observations and to determine threat intent based on both historical context and the experience bias and learning curve of the agent. Metron shall consider how each layer of fusion as defined in the JDL (Joint Directors of Laboratories for the DOD) functional model contributes to the decision space and the uncertainties thereof. Furthermore, Metron shall consider optimization techniques for process refinement. The development of these DDF techniques has direct application for effective Information Operations (IO), Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA), and Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO), as well as training applications.

Dragon Research and Engineering, Inc.
4477 Camrose Avenue
San Diego, CA 92122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 410-7481
Sheila Zuehlke
N101-102      Awarded:8/25/2010
Title:Adaptive System Behavior through Dynamic Data Modeling and Auto-Generated User Interface
Abstract:Chameleon represents a synthesis of standards, frameworks, tools and processes that achieves adaptive system behavior. It does so by keeping a log of user interactions and utilizing an analytics engine to perform state-trace-analysis and probabilistic computations on that information, with the goal of learning a user’s preferences. The preferences themselves are in the context of the application domain model, which results in the ability to feed the results of the analytic computations back in near-real-time to the application rendering engine. The result is a UI that is built on-the-fly and adapts to the user’s usage over time. The application domain model is built in terms of a higher level metamodel that allows for a dynamic data store that can evolve over time without requiring schema changes. The result is a dynamic data model, and a system that requires no downtime when SMEs and data modelers make necessary modifications to the application domain. Agents crawl data sources, analyze and align ontologies, then link to and translate data. The architecture itself is adaptable. The analytics engine and preferences module both utilize plug-in architectures because research in adaptive systems is ongoing and new strategies for solving the problems of adaptive systems are inevitable.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Vladimir Sevastyanov
N101-102      Awarded:9/14/2010
Title:Adaptive Data Interface Generation System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for dynamic data management facilitating quick access of analysts to dynamic data for timely analysis of threat information, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Adaptive Data Interface Generation (ADIG) system based on a flexible data access technology and data-driven automatic generation of GUI controls. The innovations in the Runtime Data Access Layer and Runtime User Interface Layer enable analysts to quickly access dynamic structured or unstructured data sources, tailoring them into an analysis and visualization environment with up-to-date decision support on threat information analysis in satellite communication systems. In addition, ADIG offers automatic generation and population of user interfaces for dynamic data manipulation and visualization with no downtime or code upgrade, which directly address the Navy requirement for timely and deeper analysis of threat information in fast-paced military and business environments. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ADIG by developing its architecture in support of existing Navy COTS/GOTS technologies and will implement a proof-of-concept prototype for demonstration. In Phase II the ADIG prototype will be extended to support a representative environment consistent with the Four Layer Defense for SATCOM, and be demonstrated and evaluated based on metrics of interest.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
James McCracken
N101-102      Awarded:8/25/2010
Title:Adaptive System Behavior through Dynamic Data Modeling and Auto-Generated User Interface
Abstract:An intelligent information management system architectural concept is proposed for the current SBIR solicitation that is a mix of advanced data modeling, algorithms for situation assessment, intelligent information and user display management offers a practical, extensible, cost-effective, rapidly developed solution. The solution, called AIIMS, or “Adaptive Intelligent Information Management System” focuses on the fundamental concept of user- centered, dynamic information management based on several factors including: multi-data source integration the user’s role or job, current context (mission) and location, priority of specific information given the user, and the type of display device being employed by the user. These factors are matched against the user’s changing information requirements and need for the information to do the best job at this moment. Both the requisite R&D and advanced agent-based technologies necessary to construct AIIMS are explored with a focus on practicality and extensibility for the Navy.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Jonathan Pfautz
N101-103      Awarded:9/7/2010
Title:Business Intelligence Visualization System for Organizational Understanding, Analysis, and Collaboration (BIVOUAC)
Abstract:Military information systems, including those used in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), aggregate massive amounts of heterogeneous data, but typically provide ineffective visualization tools to explore those datasets in support of high-quality, collaborative decision- making by distributed teams. Linking datasets entails authorship of complex transformation and loading scripts. Existing reporting systems require time-consuming manual coding of arcane templates, yielding rudimentary visualizations with primitive interactivity. Finally, remote collaborators are often relegated to the sidelines, able to collaborate only by making static offline changes to a shared document or report. To address these needs, we propose to design and demonstrate a Business Intelligence Visualization System for Organizational Understanding, Analysis, and Collaboration (BIVOUAC). BIVOUAC seamlessly integrates disparate datasets and presents a taxonomy of rich, detailed, visual metaphors for exploratory decision-making. A multimodal interactive architecture allows users with diverse displays and input devices to directly manipulate visualizations and navigate large datasets, using interactivity controls that extend the conceptual model of the visualization. Teams can collaborate locally or remotely, simultaneously or asynchronously, with visual cues and affordances that reinforce cooperation within a shared workspace. The development of this technology will enable dramatic improvements in decision-making in the Navy’s ERP program and for program managers throughout the DoD.

Maga Design Group
2439 18th Street NW 2nd Floor
Washington, DC 20009
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 460-0960
Scott Williams
N101-103      Awarded:9/7/2010
Title:Navy ERP Advanced Visual Reporting
Abstract:The objective of this research is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a software toolkit to describe, define and create visual data models that can be dynamically linked into a spatial framework to facilitate more rapid understanding of complex data sets for leadership decision making. The resulting software toolkit will be termed a Spatial Framework Mapping System (SFMS). The purpose of the SFMS is to provide the Navy with an advanced visual reporting capability that does not exist today. The research to be performed in this Phase I initiative will also develop the foundation design and functional specification for creating and evaluating a demonstration of the toolkit in the Phase II activities.

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1446
Kent Bimson
N101-103      Awarded:9/23/2010
Title:SFMS Using Multisensory Ontologies
Abstract:Navy warfighters are being inundated with information, yet they often lack the “contextual knowledge” that helps them quickly understand-or "visualize"-the situation in order to make rapid, yet effective, decisions. We propose to develop a Spatial Framework Mapping System (SFMS) based on an innovative multisensory ontology architectural concept. We define a multisensory ontology as semantic model that not only relates visual artifacts to each other, as in the Spatial Data Artifact Taxonomy, but to other sensory artifacts as well, such as video, voice, photos, and touch-points, to create an “immersive knowledge environment” for Navy decision-makers. Our goal is to improve information understanding for decision-makers, as well as improving the overall quality of their decisions, by engaging critical human senses more directly in situational understanding. As a foundational component of SFMS, we also propose to develop a Spatial Data Artifacts Library to store and access sparkline-type artifacts, as well as authoring and administration tools to support technical staff in mapping the artifacts to complex datasets, configuring artifacts for use in new applications, and managing the evolution of the SFMS software and data. Finally, we propose to develop metrics that measure the effectiveness of SFMS in improving information “understanding” and “decision quality” for users.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Keith Kelly
N101-104      Awarded:8/31/2010
Title:Co-Site Interference Mitigation in Phased Arrays
Abstract:The number of antennas on military vehicles has been steadily increasing as enhanced communications continue to provide our warfighters a significant battlefield advantage. The limited space on the submarine sail requires the co-location of phased array apertures in a single antenna housing structure to provide capabilities in the desired frequencies of interest. The close proximity of the transmit and receive arrays has created a formidable cosite challenge. FIRST RF solves this problem with several approaches that involve simple electromagnetic techniques as well as aperture techniques. For example, an affordable radome appliqué is proposed to solve the cosite interference problem. This solution does not require changes to the array elements or support electronics. This panel integrates with the existing antenna housing structure and minimizes side lobes and energy directed from the transmit array toward the receive array. Minimization of this coupled energy enables the receive array to perform in the presence of an operating transmit array. FIRST RF has relevant cosite mitigation experience that will be leveraged to achieve an optimal solution. Through the Phase I program, FIRST RF will prove the viability of this technology to successfully provide a phased array cosite solution.

Pharad LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive, Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 590-3333
Dalma Novak
N101-104      Awarded:9/7/2010
Title:Co-Site Interference Mitigation in Phased Arrays
Abstract:In this Phase I effort Pharad will carry out a theoretical and experimental feasibility study of several innovative approaches for mitigating the effects of co-site interference that arises due to narrowband transmit and wideband receive phased array apertures that are deployed in close proximity to each other. Our proposed solutions for addressing the problem of co- site interference will include an active optical interference cancellation system based on an RF photonic link as well as methods for improving the electromagnetic isolation between the transmit and receive phased arrays. During Phase I we will develop a preliminary design for a photonics-based active interference cancellation circuit and analyze the performance of our developed link architecture. We will also investigate the application of Artificial Magnetic Conductors (AMCs), lossless, reactive surfaces that inhibit the flow of tangential electric surface current, to reduce the coupled RF energy between the transmit receive antenna arrays. We will create novel, small footprint electromagnetic isolation circuits based on AMC structures and verify their operation using both analytical and experimental techniques. The work carried out in Phase I will lay the groundwork for the Phase II effort; the design, fabrication and test of a prototype interference mitigation system.

Spatial Digital Systems, Inc.
9428 Eton Avenue Suite G
Chatsworth, CA 91311
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 772-2300
C. D.
N101-104      Awarded:9/14/2010
Title:Quiet zone generation via interference injections
Abstract:SDS proposes a quiet zone generation technique by injection of the very interferences at low power level for cancellations. The interference mitigation technique consists of an optimization loop with iterative processing to maintain a quite zone dynamically over an area for a RCV array to operate in full duplex while the nearby XMIT apertures with strong RF leakage are in operation. The optimization loop has three cascaded functional blocks which, respectively, perform the following functions; (1) dynamic injection of the interference signals through an auxiliary XMIT array “distributed” near by the RCV array aperture, (2) feed back signals created by a diagnostic network with probes distributed over the RCV array aperture strategically, measuring the combined field distributions of the interfering signals and generating performance indexes, the “cost functions,” accordingly, and (3) iterative controls generated by an optimization processing using cost minimization algorithms based on the cost functions derived from currently measured data. The controls of the auxiliary array elements may be (a) the re-positioning of array elements for optimization of auxiliary array geometries -during the design phase, or (b) the updating of amplitude and phase weighting of the auxiliary array elements - for operation in real time.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Michael Gilbert
N101-104      Awarded:9/14/2010
Title:Co-Site Interference Mitigation in Phased Arrays
Abstract:The available space for antennas within a submarine sail is extremely limited. To achieve the desired multi-frequency capability for future submarine communications systems, phased array apertures will need to be collocated within a single housing. The resulting close proximity of transmit and receive antennas and the requirement for full duplex communication lead to a challenging electromagnetic interference (EMI) problem. The EMI is especially severe at X-band frequencies where the X-band transmit array and the X-K-band receive array both operate simultaneously. Fortunately, there is some room to physically separate the X-band transmit array from the X-K-band receive array. A choke structure and/or patterned absorber inserted into the space between these two arrays can reduce the X-band EMI while passing through signals from the higher frequency transmit arrays (Ka-band and Q-band) that share the same space. Toyon has extensive experience designing chokes and patterned absorbers tailored to mitigate EMI with a minimal thickness and weight. Toyon proposes to use this experience to investigate the use of an X-band choke/absorber structure that is transparent to signals in the Ka-Q bands.

Azimuth Corporation
4134 Linden Ave. Suite 300
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 256-8571
John Dickman
N101-105      Awarded:9/22/2010
Title:High UHF Slot Antenna for Nano-Satellites
Abstract:The armed forces commonly use UHF frequencies for mobile communications including ships at sea. At UHF frequencies, communications is predominately line-of-sight. In many situations, mobile communications is dependent on UHF space assets. The use of nano- satellites is an attractive alternative to large geosynchronous satellites because they reduce costs while increasing flexibility and adaptability. The challenge of using nano-satellites as UHF communications relays is the integration of an inherently large antenna with a tiny satellite. The wavelength of the UHF signal can be up to ten times the size of the nano- satellite. Add the requirement that the antenna has sufficient gain to communicate with relatively small mobile UHF units and the challenge of reducing the antenna size is significantly greater. The Azimuth Team proposes to design, build, and characterize an innovative UHF antenna concept whose size is sufficiently small to be integrated with a nano- satellite without noticeable increasing the atmospheric drag on the low Earth orbiting spacecraft. In spite of its small size, the UHF antenna will deliver the 11 dB of gain required for mobile communications.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Vladimir Esterkin
N101-105      Awarded:9/14/2010
Title:Self-Orienting Low-Drag UHF Nanosatellite Antenna
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a high-performance UHF antenna for nanosatellites, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Self-Orienting Low-Drag UHF Nanosatellite Antenna (SOLUNA). This proposed device is based on a compact, high- performance UHF antenna, and a novel low-drag, self-orienting mechanical design. The integration of state-of-the-art antenna technology with a novel self-orienting low-drag mechanical design will enable SOLUNA to offer 11 dB gain, right-hand circularly polarized, in the 280-400 MHz band while maintaining a low-drag cross-section of 10 cm x 10 cm and maintain a communications link with ground receivers for up to two years of operational life in low Earth orbit (LEO). As a result, this system offers simultaneous transmitting and receiving over a 700 km range and maintains a 400 km altitude LEO for 2 years, which directly address the Mobile User Objective System program requirements for a CubeSat- based UHF antenna. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SOLUNA by developing a system design; modeling the antenna’s performance, size, and weight; and estimating mission life based on atmospheric drag. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype that will be evaluated and demonstrated in a simulated space environment.

Space Micro Inc.
10237 Flanders Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0700
Ronald Reeves
N101-105      Awarded:9/16/2010
Title:High Performance UHF Antenna for Nano-satellites
Abstract:The Space Micro team has design concepts fora high efficiency UHF antenna which has potential to meet Navy SPAWAR CubeSat/Nanosat future needs. Ability to work with the MUOS bandwidths will be demonstrated. Our approach will provide a conformal antenna subsystem in either 1U or 3U Cubesat dimensions with minimal atmospheric drag which will enable longer life missions for DoD than current University class Cubesats. Space Micro''s knowledge of space environmental effects (including radiation and atomic oxygen) enable us to simulate and demonstrate costings for antenna survivability. Working with MUOS prime contractor. Lockheed Martin, and other space primes will allow transition and early flight heritage prior to operational satellite application.

---------- CBD ----------

22 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1665
Ruya Ozer
CBD10-101      Awarded: 5/24/2010
Title:Low/No Power Detector for Organophosphate Nerve Agents
Abstract:Organophosphate (OP) nerve agents are the most dangerous chemical warfare agents and therefore pose a significant threat. Rapid and exact identification of the OP agent involved in any hazardous material incident could significantly facilitate the administration of the most effective therapeutic and allow for appropriate measures of protection and decontamination, thereby increasing survival of the warfighter. Luna is proposing to develop a novel no-power colorimetric paper-based sensor that can selectively and sensitively differentiate organophosphate agents (OP). The proposed colorimetric OP sensor (COPS) will be inexpensive, low-volume, portable, disposable, resistant to harsh conditions (high and low temperature), long self-life, and easy-to-use with instantaneous response. In phase I, Luna will develop science behind the recognition elements needed in the detector for capability to differentiate between four OPs in the presence of interferents and from a variety of sources. In Phase II, Luna will develop a sensor capable of distinguishing between four OP agents and three simulants. Lunas detection technology can also be tailored to other chemical and biological agents of interests.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Waheguru P. Singh
CBD10-101      Awarded: 5/24/2010
Title:No Power Detection and Identification of Nerve Agents
Abstract:Rapid identification of asymmetric warfare modes, including unconventional chemical agents based attacks, is vital to the protection of U.S. armed forces personnel. Existing detection methods use bulky and expensive laboratory equipment to analytically determine the identity and concentration of chemical threats, negating their battlefield use. Colorimetric indicators such as the currently deployed M8 and M9 detection papers are the fastest, cheapest, lightest and easiest type of detector to use; however, these cannot detect vapor form chemical agents, and are highly susceptible to false positives from bug spray, smoke, gasoline and strong bleach. Lynntech proposes development of a passive colorimetric sensor array platform, capable of detecting and identifying a variety of organophosphate based nerve agents. The sensor array will consist of a combination of different nanoparticles based chemistries and color changing dyes. The nanoparticles will be attached permanently to the polymer support that will react with the chemical agent. The reaction products will induce a visible color change to the imbedded dye molecules. The sensor array will operate on a field rugged support to identity levels of chemical threat molecules. The sensors will be sensitive, rugged, reagentless and low cost and will meet the specifications outlined in the solicitation.

LNK Chemsolutions, LLC
4701 Innovation Drive
Lincoln, NE 68521
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 854-8173
Luis Nunez
CBD10-102      Awarded: 5/17/2010
Title:Improved Formulations to Enhance Bio-availability for Antisense Therapeutics
Abstract:In general, many biological and chemical agents affect the lungs directly or indirectly, even if the respiratory system is not the primary target organ of a military or terrorist attack. Both in the case of military and civilian attacks the lung can be one of the first organs affected by a chemical or biological agent. LNK Chemsolutions (LNK) with expertise in nanoparticle formulations and the University of Illinois Chicago with expertise in Acute Lung Injury (ALI) molecular biology and treatment modality development have teamed up to develop novel oral and inhalation formulation of targeted nanoparticles (NPs) containing siRNA and/or miRNA to improve the treatment of ALI unobtainable with current delivery systems.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
CBD10-102      Awarded: 5/17/2010
Title:Multifunctional Antisense Therapeutics Nanocarrier and Inhalation Device
Abstract:To address the CBD need for improved formulations to enhance the ease of use and bioavailability of antisense therapeutics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Multifunctional Antisense Therapeutics Nanocarrier and Inhalation Device (MATEN). This proposed system is based on a new dry powder formulation and a novel design of an inhaler that uses in-house developed mature components. POCs innovations in the nanocarrier (NC) construct and in the design of the inhaler, which is capable of delivering a single dose from the MATEN during one deep and slow inspiration, will enhance the bioavailability for antisense therapeutics that is necessary for the prophylaxes and early treatment of warfighters against emerging bio-warfare threats. As a result, this technology offers a formulation that is stable at ambient temperature, minimizes the potential for introduction of immunogenic materials and the bulk and complexity of dispensing, and which directly addresses the requirements of the Transformational Medical Technologies Initiative (TMTI) program. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the MATEN by demonstrating product stability and establishing enhanced bioavailability in an animal model. In Phase II, POC will optimize candidate formulation for maximum bioavailability and conduct initial pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies in an animal model.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0665
Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian
CBD10-103      Awarded: 5/17/2010
Title:A Novel Microfludic Device for Drug Toxicity Studies
Abstract:Current drug discovery and development programs are severely limited by the expensive animal trials and oversimplified in vitro models. Results obtained from the in vitro models are not predictive of in vivo toxicity owing to significant difference in testing from the in vivo physiological conditions. In this context, we propose to develop and demonstrate a novel microfluidic device for quantitative prediction of the toxicity of the drug agent. This device while accelerating the drug screening development process will also reduce animal trials significantly. Our device accurately reproduces the physiological conditions (morphology, flow and cellular make-up) comprising of the respective cells from the targeted organ of interest. Phase I effort will focus on proof of concept studies using liver cells (hepatocytes) as model for toxicity analysis. In Phase II, the device will be extended to include cells from other targeted organs of interest. Animal experiments will be performed to validate the in vitro model. A high throughput device will be developed by integrating the developed prototype with microwell plates.

Nico Technologies Corp.
401 W. Morgan Road,
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 945-8131
Kelechi Anyaogu
CBD10-103      Awarded: 5/17/2010
Title:In vitro Models Suitable for High-throughput Screening of Drug Toxicities in Human Tissues
Abstract:The drug R&D cycle is long and very expensive. In many ways, this status quo can no longer be sustained. One of the reasons for such great cost is that the vast majority of drug candidates are screened out at the stages of animal and human trials. More efficient methods of testing of drugs at the stage of ex-vivo studies, which are substantially less expensive than animal and human testing cycles, will lead to improvement of the success rate of preclinical trials, acceleration of drug discovery, reduction of the cost of pharmaceutical development, and better drugs. In this Phase I SBIR project involving a start-up company Nico Technology Corporation (NTCorp) and the University of Michigan, we propose the development of a new type of 3D scaffold that can (1) rectify the problems of existing 3D matrixes and (2) provide the pharmaceutical industry the possibility to develop convenient and reliable protocols for drug assessment in organ replicas, and in particular ex-vivo bone marrow construct.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Mahsa Rouhanizadeh
CBD10-103      Awarded: 5/17/2010
Title:3D Microfluidic Platform for in vitro Hematopoietic Stem Cell (HSC) Culture
Abstract:To address the Chemical/Bio Defense (CBD) need for in vitro models suitable for high- throughput screening of drug toxicities in human tissues, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new three-dimensional (3D) Microfluidic Platform for in-vitro Hematopoietic Stem Cell (HSC) Culture (3D-Mic-Stem). This proposed system is based on a 3D microfluidic design that uses HSCs for assaying high-throughput drug toxicities. The innovation in the 3D microfluidic implementation for stem cell culture and accompanying mitochondrial functionality assay, with the toxicity assay, will enable the system to validate precisely the drug screening process. As a result, this system offers high-throughput screening adaptability, as well as amenability to integration into the system biology architecture. In addition, the human HSCs represent tissue types relevant to toxicological end points, directly addressing the CBD/TMTI programs requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of 3D-Mic-Stem for drug toxicity screening by designing a proof-of-concept study of the 3D microfluidic culture of HSCs. In Phase II, POC plans to develop initial proof-of-concept studies using drugs with known toxicities and interactions as validation.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Alexander Mazurenko
CBD10-104      Awarded: 8/24/2010
Title:MEMS Lamellar Based Interferometer for the Detection of Toxic Chemicals
Abstract:Leveraging on Agiltrons industry leading development of optical MEMS devices and the PIs experience with FTIR spectrometer design, we propose to develop a new class of high performance compact and rugged FTIR spectrometers for LWIR optical range. The design is based on the MEMS lamellar mirror technique. Although this approach is not new, it has not yet been efficiently applied to LWIR, and performance of existing devices is completely inadequate in this range. The Agiltron approach would advance both the resolution and signal-to-noise ratio of MEMS FTIR spectrometers by orders of magnitude. Using the developed lamellar mirror it would be possible to produce a compact instrument similar in function to the Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD). Being based on Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy technique such an instrument would have an advantage of being more sensitive, universal, reconfigurable and less prone to errors and false-positive alarms. The technical approach will be proven in Phase I through the numerical analysis, design, trial manufacturing and testing. A prototype MEMS lamellar spectrometer chip will be produced at the end of Phase I for delivery to the Chemical And Biological Defense Program. Further development and delivery of a complete spectrometer will be proposed for Phase II.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Silviu Velicu
CBD10-104      Awarded: 8/3/2010
Title:MEMS Lamellar Based Interferometer for the Detection of Toxic Chemicals
Abstract:In order to satisfy the DOD and commercial needs for the detection and identification of chemical warfare agents, toxic industrial chemicals or biological compounds, we propose a compact, low-cost sensor based on the integration of HgCdTe photodiode detection technology with micro-opto-electromechanical systems (MOEMS) technology, which matches HgCdTes sensitivity with an inexpensive microscale MOEMS lamellar grating interferometer (LGI) device. The sensor is operated in stand-off mode and has longer lifetimes than those obtained in conventional solid state sensors based on chemo-sensitive layers. We will fabricate LGI devices operated in short and mid IR wavelength ranges using a modified Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) process. Prior work has used SOI processing but the deep reactive ion etch (DRIE) used to pattern the thick silicon layer has led to significant roughness on the optical surfaces leading to performance limitations associated with the resulting variability in the optical path length difference. We will use an oxidation and strip process to minimize residual roughness left on the optical surfaces after the DRIE etch step. We have used this processing successfully to remove related sidewall roughness on silicon waveguides and we estimate a final roughness of 0.5 nm in the gratings, suitable for short and mid-IR operation of the fabricated LGIs.

Applied NanoFemto Technologies LLC
181 Stedman St. #2
Lowell, MA 01851
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 430-7128
Jarrod Vaillancourt
CBD10-105      Awarded: 6/29/2010
Title:Low noise longwave infrared (8-12m) focal plane array with high sensitivity for passive hyperspectral standoff detection
Abstract:Longwave infrared (LWIR, 8-12m) focal plane arrays (FPAs) play an important role in hyperspectral chemical and biological sensing. Existing thermal detectors are unable to meet the high sensitivity and fast response requirements of many hyperspectral chemical and biological sensing applications. Photodetectors and FPAs based on photon excited electron generation process can fulfill the speed and sensitivity requirements. However, they show high noise, and thus need to be cooled down to < 80 K to reduce the noise. The requirement for cryogenic cooling systems adds cost, power consumption and reliability issues, thereby making it unsuitable for standoff sensing and detections. This SBIR proposal aims to develop a new low noise highly sensitive LWIR FPA without the need of cryogenic cooling systems. Such FPA technology would significantly reduce the size weight, and power consumption and especially suitable for standoff hyperspectral chemical and biological sensing and detections. In phase I, the proposed FPA will be evaluated and compared existing FPA technologies. A preliminary FPA design will be generated to meet the requirements of standoff hyperspectral imaging systems. In Phase II, a prototype of the LWIR FPA will be developed and packaged with supporting electronics and optics components to produce a hyperspectral IR camera.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Angelo Gilmore
CBD10-105      Awarded: 7/14/2010
Title:Focal Plane Array Technology for Passive Hyperspectral Standoff Detection
Abstract:Chemical imaging sensors require focal plane arrays (FPAs) comprising long wavelength infrared (LWIR) detectors suitable for hyperspectral detection. These detectors require high sensitivity to account for the low photon counts in narrow wavelength bands. The required sensitivity elevates the associated costs, so a need exists for a lower cost LWIR FPA for use with chemical imaging sensors. The technical approach to providing this solution relies on EPIRs expertise in the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of HgCdTe on silicon substrates to reduce cost, improve yield and potentially improve performance. The potential performance enhancements include reducing the detector dark current through cost effective material improvements. Phase I of this program will focus on system trades including FPA geometry, spectral response, noise requirements and operating temperature that meet the system requirements while minimizing cost and risk, and maximizing yield. Outputs will include an FPA specifications document as well as single element infrared detector fabrication and characterization. Phase II will focus on infrared detector array manufacture and characterization, and will necessitate a partnership with a system house to integrate the FPA into an integrated detector dewar cryocooler assembly for testing. Phase III will focus on packaging and manufacturing scale-up to further lower costs.

Guild Associates, Inc.
5750 Shier Rings Rd P.O. Box 8013
Dublin, OH 43016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 798-8215
Matt Smiechowski
CBD10-106      Awarded: 8/30/2010
Title:AC Impedance Sensor for Collective Protection Filter Residual Life Indicator
Abstract:Guild Associates, Inc. proposes to develop and evaluate an active electrochemical sensor based residual life indicator (RLI) for adsorptive carbon filters. The sensing system of the RLI will operate by analyzing the electrochemical state of the carbon within the filter and evaluate the remaining adsorptive reactive capacities of the filter. The sensor design will be challenged against an array of common environmental contaminants. Data from the experiments will be used to determine the efficacy of the sensing system, to develop the algorithms for the integrated devices, and to establish design paramanters and miletestones for the development of a prototype device. Succssful completion of the entire project will provide the miliatry with a commercially viable sensor capable of monitoring the status of adsorbent carbon filters.

Morphix Technologies, Inc.
2557 Production Road
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 431-2260
Ed Locke
CBD10-106      Awarded: 9/29/2010
Title:Residual Life Indicator for Adsorptive and Reactive Single-Pass Filtration Systems
Abstract:In peacetime environments, concerns over improbable encounter with agent threats are supplanted by the need to understand and assess the performance status or residual life (RL) capacity of sorbent-based technologies used in Collective Protection (ColPro) systems. Systems such as the M98 and M48A1 run continuously and therefore sample large volumes of outside air over their lifetime. It is well-known that the performance of the ASZM- TEDA carbon used in these systems is significantly degraded over time as a function of environmental air flow through the sorbent bed. This degradation is primarily due to the presence of several ubiquitous environmental air contaminants including water vapor, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Given the dynamic presence of these environmental contaminants, varying in concentration over time and within and between regions throughout the world, it is critical to assess the RL of filtration media regularly in order to maintain a viable readiness status. These filtration systems use large carbon filters with changeout protocols that are costly and require significant resources, logistics, and system down-time. Additionally, periodic sampling and testing of the filter carbon requires destructive testing, and thus a technology capable of assessing and predicting the RL of these filtration media in real-time, dynamic environments is needed.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gary Mikaelian
CBD10-106      Awarded: 6/28/2010
Title:Miniature Residual Life Indicator
Abstract:Impregnated ASZM-TEDA carbon employed as highly adsorptive materials in Collective Protection (ColPro) systems loses the ability to adsorb toxic chemicals because of exposure to temperature, humidity, battlefield contaminants, and other pollutants. To address the Chemical and Biological Defense (CBD) need for a residual life indicator (RLI) capable of probing the degradation in physical adsorption and reactive capacity arising from battlefield contaminants and exposure to the elements, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes developing a new Miniature Residual Life Indicator (MRLIN). This proposed MRLIN is based on impedance spectroscopy measurements performed directly on the filtering system adsorptive material. MRLINs innovative algorithm for performing impedance spectroscopy will enable the MRLIN to probe directly the contamination of the active carbon material, with increased accuracy, without the undue complications of readout electronics. This development, as a result, offers a novel system for assessing the residual life of sorbent- based air purification systems that are integrable into ColPro systems. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MRLIN by assembling and testing a bench-top prototype with three battlefield contaminants representing different poisoning mechanisms. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a field-ready prototype for integration into existing filtration systems and evaluation in relevant conditions.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0666
Ketan Bhatt
CBD10-107      Awarded: 5/10/2010
Title:Microfluidic High-throughput Platform for Determining of Kinetic Constants of Enzyme Variants
Abstract:Molecular biology techniques allow generating combinatorial libraries of large number of enzyme variants. However, there is currently no technology available for screening the enzyme libraries for identifying variants with improved activity for the substrate. We propose to develop a novel, microfluidic, high-throughput platform for determining kinetic constants of enzyme variants and identifying variants with improved affinity for organophosphorus (OP) agents. During Phase I, proof-of-concept will be established by determining the kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of paraoxon, parathion and diisopropyl fluorophosphate by the catalytic enzyme organophosphorus hydrolase. Integrated on-chip valves will be used for precise metering of reagents. Impedance spectroscopy will be used to monitor reaction progress and completion and ultimately to determine enzyme activity. A preliminary design for the Phase II end-product will be developed for a high-throughput capability. During Phase II, the platform will be further optimized and validated using multiple OP stimulants and for determining enzyme affinity in blood plasma samples. This will be followed by independent third-party testing of the platform with bona fide OP nerve agents. We have assembled an interdisciplinary team of engineers and scientists from CFDRC and Auburn University with expertise in design, modeling, fabrication and experimental characterization of microfluidic systems for a successful development of the proposed platform.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
CBD10-107      Awarded: 5/17/2010
Title:Microfluidic Dielectrophoretic Screening System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army/DTRAs CBD program need for a robust screening process for use with large panels of enzymes to identify variants with higher affinity for organophosphorus (OP) substrates, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Microfluidic Dielectrophoretic Screening (MDS) system. This proposed system is based on the new design of a microfluidic mixer, enzymatic reactor, and readout unit that uses in-house developed mature components. The innovations in the MDS system will enable the completion of enzyme kinetic measurements in 15 minutes. Also, the MDS system requires nanogram quantities of an enzyme; and the microfluidic chip is self-contained, reusable, and sufficiently robust to withstand routine cleaning with highly basic and alcoholic solutions. As a result, this technology will provide the DoD with an improved capability to develop novel scavengers of OP nerve agents. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the MDS system by developing a robust and high-throughput prototype capable of identifying enzyme variants with reduced KM values for OP compounds. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop, refine, and validate the MDS system, using nerve agent simulants followed by validation with OP nerve agents, at a testing facility approved for using these materials.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Julien Fey
CBD10-108      Awarded: 5/21/2010
Title:A High-Throughput Blood Esterase Panel Assay
Abstract:Organophosphorus chemical warfare nerve agents (OP-CWA) are attractive to terrorist groups and rogue states as an inexpensive and accessible technology for chemical warfare. OP-CWA and organophosphate pesticides cause severe neurological symptoms and death by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE); the resulting excess acetylcholine accumulates and overstimulates the human or animal body. Other esterases and organophosphatases in the blood either bind (butyrylcholinesterase, BChE) or catalytically degrade (paraoxonase, PON1) OP-CWA. Therefore, it is critically important to be able to quickly monitor the human blood complement of OP-CWA enzymes to assess both susceptibility and current condition. For military and civilian clinical use, a high-throughput, minimally invasive assay system is needed to quickly and accurately screen large numbers of soldiers/agricultural workers/first responders for OP-CWA or OP-pesticide exposure. The currently available WRAIR assay is high-throughput, uses a minimal amount of whole blood, and is sensitive and accurate for AChE and BChE levels. An assay that additionally measures PON1 and albumin esterase activities relevant to OP degradation and/or binding is greatly needed to more fully assess OP-CWA or -pesticide susceptibility for individuals at risk.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Jinseong Kim
CBD10-108      Awarded: 6/15/2010
Title:Electrochemical Screening of Multiple Enzymes Relevant to Organophosphate Poisioning
Abstract:Organophosphorus (OP) compounds have been extensively used as pesticides and chemical warfare agents . Potential OPs exposure exists both on the battlefield and in the civilian sector. OPs exposure inhibits enzyme activity, allowing excess acetylcholine to accumulate. Screening of multiple enzymes is highly desirable because it may provide a comprehensive description of the warriors capacity for low level OP exposure. Current screening use the colorimetric Ellman assay based on the hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine. Some alternative approaches, such as radiometric assay, immunoassay, fluorescence, chemiluminescence, or mass spectroscopy, have been reported for sensitive detection of enzyme activities. However, these assays are tedious and/or time-consuming, require expensive and sophisticated instruments, or are limited to a single enzyme. Thus, development of high- throughput, minimally invasive blood protocol to measure the human profile of enzymes affected by organophosphate chemical warfare agents is needed. It will provide the army and general public health clinics the capability of screening and confirming exposure of soldiers/agricultural workers/first responders to chemical warfare agents/pesticides/or other such toxic chemicals. Lynntech proposes to develop a simple, rapid, sensitive, hand-held field deployable biomonitoring device based on electrochemical detection principles. During Phase I, the proof-of-concept will be demonstrated. During Phase II, prototype assays will be developed.

Impel NeuroPharma
867 SW Shoremont Ave
Normandy Park, WA 98166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 200-2800
Rodney J.Y. Ho
CBD10-109      Awarded: 7/12/2010
Title:Blood Brain Barrier Drug Delivery of Therapeutics for Chemical Warfare Agents
Abstract:This program plans to develop a drug delivery system that provides maximum oxime drug exposure and improve cholinesterase reactivation in the brain and tissues of central nervous system (CNS) of a warfighter after exposure to organophosphate (OP) poisoning. The greatest need for improvement in cholinesterase reactivation is the ability to deliver charged cholinesterase reactivators to the CNS that do not readily cross the blood-brain barier (BBB). The current combination drug therapy requires infusion of high doses of drugs and is not well-suited for battlefield administration. Impel NeuroPharma has developed a novel non-invasive intranasal drug delivery technology that will bypass the BBB thereby allowing a maximum drug exposure and cholinesterase reactivation. Instead of depositing drugs to the lower nasal cavity (achieved with traditional nasal delivery devices), this technology deposits drugs into the upper 1/3 of the nasal cavity and provides direct access to the brain and CNS (via the olfactory cells), thereby improving the efficiency of CNS delivery. This proposed program will formulate oximes for delivery into the brain and CNS using this device and evaluating it in appropriate animal models. We envision that this product will be used in theater to counteract the effects of OP poisoning.

Redondo Optics, Inc.
811 N. Catalina Avenue, Suite 1100
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 292-7673
Edgar A. Mendoza
CBD10-110      Awarded: 5/24/2010
Title:Next Generation Integrated Electrophoretic Nanofluidic Biochip Sensor Platform for the THz Spectroscopic Finger Printing of Biological Species and Age
Abstract:Redondo Optics Inc. (ROI), a world leader in engineering and manufacturing of leading- edge nano-materials, optical sensors, fiber and integrated optics, and advanced photonics instrumentation proposes to develop and demonstrate an integrated electrophoretic nanofluidic biochip sensor platform for the accurate, reliable, and fast-throughput label- less THz spectroscopy finger printing of biological species and agents. Nanotechnology is emerging as the critical field for the next generation evolution of analytical biochip technology that will provide significant breakthroughs for affecting biomedicine. Miniaturization to the nanometer scale enables the probing of fundamental biological processes such as the epigenetic and genetic control factors of single molecules. Specifically, nanofluidic biochips can be use for the direct visualization of single DNA molecules. In Phase I, Redondo Optics will demonstrate an integrated THz nanofluidic biochip sensor platform that will enable the label-free fluid analysis of genetic material. The primary goal of this project is to validate and establish the use of the integrated THz nanofluidic biochip sensor platform as an analytical tool to allow the direct detection, identification, and classification of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA in their native aqueous environment without the need of complex sample preparation procedures. In Phase II of this program, ROI will focus on the engineering development of a manufacturable optical nanolithography technology to enable the cost affordable production of disposable nanofluidic biochip arrays.

VIBRATESS
2020 Avon CT., Suite 43
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 296-2400
Oguz Dogan
CBD10-110      Awarded: 9/8/2012
Title:DEVELOPMENT OF A BIOSENSOR NANOFLUIDIC PLATFORM FOR INTEGRATION WITH TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPIC SYSTEM
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop and demonstrate an electrokinetically driven nanofluidic sensor device of the physical size and shape that will allow integration with a THz spectroscopic instrument. The substrate and channel surfaces within t

VIBRATESS
2020 Avon CT., Suite 43
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 296-2400
Oguz Dogan
CBD10-110      Awarded: 5/24/2010
Title:DEVELOPMENT OF A BIOSENSOR NANOFLUIDIC PLATFORM FOR INTEGRATION WITH TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPIC SYSTEM
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop and demonstrate an electrokinetically driven nanofluidic sensor device of the physical size and shape that will allow integration with a THz spectroscopic instrument. The substrate and channel surfaces within the device will be appropriate for the acquisition of THz-frequency spectroscopic features from bio-molecules (e.g., DNA, RNA, proteins) in solutions and for their effective label-free detection and identification. Flow within the device will be controlled, and interactions required for capture or processing of relevant biomolecules for fingerprinting will be incorporated into the same device. The Phase I effort of this project is the development of a conceptual design of a proposed nanofluidic sensor package to demonstrate the feasibility of a biosensor system for biological targets detection. The specification of the requirements for a spectroscopic instrument for the acquisition of THz-frequency spectroscopic features from biomolecules will be created. Preliminary experimental characterization of fluidic channels electrokinetic characteristics and optical efficiency will be conducted. In the Phase II a completely functioning nanofluidic sensor platform will be implemented and combined with THz spectroscopic system. The proposed project will be conducted by Vibratess LLc in close collaboration with Pettit Applied Technologies, and with Lichtenberger Consultanting.

---------- DARPA ----------

31 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Active Signal Technologies, Inc.
611-Q Hammonds Ferry Road
Linthicum, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 636-9350
Keith Bridger
NIH10-001      Awarded:9/1/2011
Title:Novel and Electro-Hydrostatic Actuation for Robotic Applications
Abstract:Hydraulic actuation is particularly attractive for robotics because it is mature, robust, high speed and offers inherently high power and force densities. However, its implementation in this field has been relatively restrained because of size (central pumps, actuators and fluid distribution networks), leakage, complex control dynamics and cost. The team of Active Signal Technologies (AST), Cornell University and Moog intends to address these shortcomings with a novel approach to electrohydrostatic actuation (EHA) featuring a compact central pump and smaller distributed pumps in order to optimize system efficiency, weight and size. Current EHA technology as employed on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter provides all-electric power across a heavy copper bus to relatively large actuators integrated with local hydraulic pumps. The hybrid system proposed here for robotics will employ lower fluid pressure and alternative fluids such as water to maximize the use of plastic and lightweight composite parts (such as PMMA/PDMS sandwich structures) in actuator construction, and will parse actuation tasks between its central and local power units. System simulations run by Cornell in Phase I will quantify the pressure and power requirements. The challenge for hydraulics in the field of mobile robots is to achieve reciprocating motion for pumps and valves at the meso scale because there is a performance gap in available technology in the middle-range between solid state actuation (small, high frequency, high force and low displacement) and linear motors (large, lower frequency and force, and high displacement). The heart of the proposed new system is a revolutionary electromagnetic driver that powers the piston of the pump. Instead of a conventional solenoid configuration where the induced magnetic field produces a highly nonlinear mono-directional force on the core, or the linear stepper motor with its alternately attracting and repelling shear forces, the novel AST driver takes advantage of additive push-pull forces in-line with the motion. The resultant compact device which will be prototyped in Phase I has very high force per unit of moving mass, is fully reversible and generates high work output by virtue of relatively high forces at all points in the travel. It also scales readily in the dimension range between central (~0.15m) and remote (~0.05m) pumps. A number of ways to minimize pump noise will be investigated including passive damping via plastic construction materials, gas-charged accumulators and absorber elements at the end walls of the cylinder. Design of the hydraulic actuators themselves will build upon an extensive body of work conducted at Cornell’s Laboratory for Intelligent Machine Systems (LIMS). This will include new hydraulically driven McKibben-type artificial muscle and use of biomimetic hydraulic valving schemes to enable the phenomenon of ‘dangle’ which will allow a robotic limb to transition smoothly to swaying to preserve momentum or respond passively to external loads.

MEKA ROBOTICS, INC.
1240 Pennsylvania
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 206-0131
Aaron Edsinger
NIH10-001      Awarded:9/1/2011
Title:Better Than Biology Actuators
Abstract:Robots deployed by the DoD, in industry, and in consumer devices increasingly require the ability to perform safely and effectively around humans. In many task scenarios, it is desirable for a robot and human to work cooperatively together. For example, a human-robot team could unload a cargo container of rations, assist a person from the ground to a stretcher, or jointly assemble devices on a manufacturing line. A critical technology required to enable these scenarios is a lightweight robot actuator with high performance force sensing and control. Such an actuator should meet or exceed the efficacy of human muscle. It should exhibit a low minimum stiffness and low stored energy to enable safety around humans. Finally, to enable commercial viability the primary technology must be low cost and straightforward to fabricate. Meka Robotics, in collaboration with the Stanford Robotics Laboratory and SRI International, is pleased to propose a novel method for robot actuation. The proposed technology is low-cost, efficient, lightweight, and capable of human-level force density, high-bandwidth force control, and safe operation around humans. The electric motor actuator has three key technologies: 1) A novel rotary-to-linear transmission that is durable, lowcost, and lightweight, 2) a small and a large motor acting in parallel to achieve high bandwidth force output, and 3) use of a novel high power density electric motor technology. This novel design overcomes traditional safety limitations of joint torque control and the performance limitations of compliant actuators. In our design, two actuators are connected in parallel. Torque generation is partitioned into low and high frequency components. The smaller actuator produces low torques at high frequencies to provide disturbance rejection and high-performance dynamic control. The larger actuator provides large forces at low frequencies to offset static loads such as gravity. We propose in Phase I to accomplish: 1) modeling and simulation of the actuator, 2) performance comparison to human muscle, 3) a preliminary mechatronic design including specification of

VECNA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
36 Cambridgepark Drive
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Daniel Theobald
NIH10-001      Awarded:9/1/2011
Title:ROBOTICS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT[RTD2] (R43)
Abstract:Mobile robotics and advanced prosthetics will likely play important roles in the future of the human race. Yet, most existing mobile robots have neither the strength nor speed necessary to be effective laborers. The problem is that current robot muscles suffer from poor specific power, which can be thought of as the muscle’s strength × speed/weight. The specific power of a muscle determines how quickly work can be done compared to another muscle of the same weight. A novel hydraulic muscle or “actuator” is presented in this proposal. Preliminary work shows that its specific power far exceeds that of existing actuators suitable for use in mobile robotics, while simultaneously achieving “Better than Biology” results in the other key metrics. While conventional hydraulics technology suffers from poor efficiency, noisy operation, high cost, and maintenance challenges, recent work at Vecna is showing that these challenges can be overcome. An early prototype actuator has been built and tested; this prototype shows great promise for exceeding the performance of biological muscle. Additionally, it will be highly scalable, inexpensive, efficient, silent, low cost, and easy to maintain due to its unique design. The main focus of this research will be on design and testing of a series of prototype actuators based on mathematical analysis, simulation, materials selection, and analysis of manufacturing approaches. Preliminary control policies will be developed. Each design will be evaluated against the performance metrics of in situ natural muscle as described in existing literature. They will also be compared to the performance of competing man-made actuators. As the human race begins to work in close collaboration with robots, they will expect the robots to be stronger, faster, have better endurance, be more precise, and cost less than other options. They will expect robots to quickly and efficiently carry out their assigned physical labors. Vecna hopes to contribute to the realization of this goal through the creation of high-performance artificial muscles that will be practical for use in mobile robotics and prosthetics. Better

ALD NanoSolutions, Inc.
580 Burbank St., Unit 100
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 318-4145
Markus Groner
SB101-001      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Flexible Gas Diffusion Barriers Using ALD/MLD Multilayers and Roll-to-Roll Processing
Abstract:ALD NanoSolutions, Inc. will develop flexible gas diffusion barriers for polymer substrates that will enable flexible electronic devices such as flexible OLEDs and thin film photovoltaics. The multilayer barriers films will consist of nanometer thick, flexible inorganic and organic layers formed using atomic layer deposition (ALD) and molecular layer deposition (MLD) techniques. Al2O3 ALD films which have previously demonstrated excellent barrier properties will be interspersed with thin, flexible polymeric MLD layers to create flexible ultrabarriers. These ALD/MLD barriers will be fabricated and tested for their water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) using the Calcium test. The flexibility of the ALD/MLD multilayers will be characterized by measuring the critical strain for multilayer film cracking. This novel approach can produce barrier films meeting the Phase I targets of <1x10-3 g/m2/day WVTR and 2% strain. In order to commercialize these ALD/MLD multilayer barriers, the proposed work will also develop roll-to-roll ALD processing. The initial proof- of-concept investigations will characterize prototype atmospheric ALD process equipment to deposit ALD films on a rigid, moving substrate. Subsequent work will expand the capabilities of the process equipment to deposit multiple ALD cycles as a flexible substrate moves past the ALD coating head.

Cambridge NanoTech, Inc.
68 Rogers St.
Cambridge, MA 02142
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 674-8811
Mark Sowa
SB101-001      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:ALD for H2O and O2 Barriers for Flexible OLEDs
Abstract:Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) has been widely studied for water permeation barriers for flexible OLED displays. Inorganic films of approximately 100nm have been demonstrated to reduce the water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) to 6e-7 g/m^2/d at room temperature. However, these films crack at less than 2% strain. Inorganic ALD films cannot withstand the required 5% strain until their thickness is reduced to 5nm at which point the WVTR becomes unacceptably high. Hybrid inorganic/organic ALD films have demonstrated enhanced strain resilence but few chemistries have thus far been studied, and their optimized WVTR and mechanical flexibility have yet to be determined. We propose to investigate several classes of new precursor chemicals to generate hybrid inorganic/organic films to assess their applicability for encapsulating flexible OLED displays. Once the best chemistry has been identified and optimized, we will leverage our companies history of successful scaling to commercial manufacturing of ALD processes.

Sundew Technologies, LLC
3400 Industrial Lane Unit 7
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 466-2341
Ofer Sneh
SB101-001      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Development of Robust, Effective, Inexpensive, Flexible Water and Oxygen Barriers for Flexible Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (FOLEDs)
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project deploys Atomic Layer Deposition based thin film encapsulation for environmentally durable Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diode (FOLED) displays. Particular challenges include extremely low Water Vapor Transmission Rates (WVTR) and Oxygen Transmission rates (OTR), high yield, stress and strain endurance, high transparency and low cost. FOLED displays versatility and prospects for superior durability captured a vast interest in the military and commercial markets. Current protection techniques usually compromise the flexibility of OLEDs by using sealing techniques that involve rigid substrates such as glass. Atomic Layer Deposition encapsulating films (ALD- Cap) are flexible ceramic films, with exceptional conformality, adherence and mechanical strength. Developed originally as a low-cost environmental protection and corrosion barrier alternative to hermetic packaging, ALD-Cap was successfully used to provide hermetic-like protection of mission critical electronics and to contain tin-whiskers as well as similar commercial applications. The phase I effort will focus on the optimization of ALD cap materials, structures and manufacturing techniques, as well as the integration with FOLED.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
4515 Seton Center Parkway Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 342-0010
Ann Vanderlaan
SB101-002      Awarded:8/30/2010
Title:AURA – Ascertaining Un-Reported Affect
Abstract:Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) functions as virtual tutors that adapt to student responses. Such ITSs, however, do not yield student learning improvements equivalent to students tutored by human instructors. Ascertaining Un-Reported Affect (AURA) is a closed-loop, platform-independent “front-end” for informing ITSs with near real-time inferences of student engagement and affect during learning sessions to further improve student learning and minimize student frustration. AURA leverages low-cost, non-invasive sensors to monitor students without disrupting their learning experience. Such an approach enables the large-scale deployment of AURA to students using ITSs. The key innovation in AURA is the ability to serve as a modular component that informs an ITS of changes in a student’s emotional or physical state that can affect the learning process by leveraging audio, video, text, and user interface feedback. AURA Phase I includes preliminary experiments to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach, and concludes with the specification of a design for an Engineering prototype. AURA leverages 21st Century Technologies expertise developing systems for the military in speech and audio processing, modeling multiple-actor interactions in a decision space using Bayesian networks, and creating machine learning algorithms.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Xiaoqing Liu
SB101-002      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:SENSEI – Sensing Emotion Non-invasively for Software-based Educational Instruction
Abstract:DARPA and DOD often make use of electronic tutoring systems for administering additional training and ongoing education to their employees, creating an intimate one-on-one environment between the student and the electronic tutor. Unfortunately, even the most modern of these electronic tutors is unable to capture the emotional state of the student and thus cannot react to the student’s changing behavior. It has been shown that the most effective learning occurs when the instructor engages the student according to their current emotional state, and to that end UtopiaCompression (UC) is proposing a multi-modal intelligent tutoring system (ITS) that is capable of estimating the student’s emotional state using a number of external cues. UC’s proposed solution combines verbal, facial, and body posture cues through a novel probabilistic framework to accurately estimate the emotional state of the student. UC is also proposing a self-calibration procedure that tailors the system to the mannerisms of each specific student. The proposed technology can be deployed on platforms with a wide array of hardware capabilities. UC’s ITS will vastly improve the effectiveness of DARPA’s educational programs through accurate and efficient sensing of the student’s emotion, thus tailoring its program for the most interactive, lifelike experience possible.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Vladimir Esterkin
SB101-003      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Easy-Cooling Hypothermia Device
Abstract:To address DARPA need for a combat-deployable hypothermia device, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Easy-Cooling Hypothermia (EZ-COOL) Device based on a unique feedback mechanism and microfluidic heat-exchanger technology. The innovation in EZ-COOL will enable the device to support first-aid responders’ effort to quickly determine the most likely treatment regime, and to render medical care even in doctor’s absence. As a result, EZ-COOL is compact (8 in. x 6 in. x 4 in.), lightweight (8 lb), and capable of maintaining the required cortical temperature (33-37 deg C) with a high accuracy of +/-0.01 deg C. A real-time feedback system allows EZ-COOL to effectively deliver treatment that is difficult to achieve in current systems. Not requiring consumables or replenishment, EZ-COOL is highly suitable for combat-deployment because it provides 6 hours of continuous operation on battery (while evacuating the wounded soldier) and can continue operating on AC power. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate device feasibility and plan animal and human subjects studies. We will determine a calibration method to account for variability in injury types, locations, and individual neurophysiology. At the end of Phase II, EZ-COOL will reach technology readiness level (TRL) 5, ready for preclinical/clinical testing.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin
SB101-003      Awarded:6/25/2010
Title:Development of a Closed Loop Brain Cooling System
Abstract:A team consisting of Spectral Sciences Inc., BeneChill Corporation, Columbia University, Temple University and Brighton Consulting will develop a field-deployable cooling system—with unique brain-temperature monitoring—to induce hypothermia to patients with traumatic brain injury, particularly to wounded soldiers on the battlefield. The cooling technology is a highly efficient intranasal cooling technique that delivers chilling spray into the naso-pharynx. This system has demonstrated the fastest rate of brain cooling among competing methods, and is man-portable. To achieve programmable, closed-loop-controlled operation that can be used to tailor cooling and re-warming profiles to actual brain temperature, we propose to develop a novel, all-optical, non-invasive sensing system for brain temperature monitoring that will rely on highly accurate water-absorbance spectral measurements provided by derivative laser spectroscopy using tunable laser technology developed at Spectral Sciences. In Phase I and Phase I Option, a feasibility prototype will be built to demonstrate the operation of the critical sensor technology for closed-loop control, thereby removing the bulk of the development risk. In Phase II, a validation prototype of the complete closed-loop cooling system will be developed, tested in animal and human models, and delivered to DARPA.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Andrew Kostrzewski
SB101-004      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Super Resolution Image Stabilized Video System with 3D Extension
Abstract:To address the DARPA need for a system that significantly improves quality and content of video obtained from small UAVs and performs on-the-fly 3D scene model generation, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Super-resolution Image- Stabilized (3D-SIS) system with a 3D scene modeling option. This proposed device is based on new electronically steerable field-of-view optics and new computationally efficient image stabilization and super-resolution algorithms. The innovation in design of electro- optical steerable optics without mechanical displacements, high-quality video compression, and simple but efficient image enhancement algorithms will produce high-quality video by eliminating motion blur, improving image resolution, and signal-to-noise ratio, and providing on-the-fly 3D scene modeling. As a result, this system offers subpixel image stabilization despite +/-20 deg. pitch-yaw-roll movements and motion blur along the flight direction, resolution four times higher than image sensors have, and 60x70x50 mm size, 425 g weight, and 1.05 W power consumption, which makes the system acceptable for applications in small UAVs. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of 3D-SIS system by laboratory prototyping and evaluation of image enhancement algorithms. In Phase II, POC plans to develop full-scale system prototype and demonstrate its performance on a small UAV.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Jonathan Pfautz
SB101-005      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Tool to Improve Collaboration between Operators and Reachback Analysts (TICORA)
Abstract:Modern full-spectrum operations require that military decision-makers possess an understanding of the human social, cultural, and behavioral (HSCB) dynamics of a region so they can plan effective courses of action (COAs). To ensure that COAs are congruent with the HSCB aspects of an intended audience while effectively achieving military objectives, decision-makers need to engage expert analysts to fill gaps in their own expertise, experience, and knowledge. However, there are a number of challenges in supporting this kind of reachback. As a result of our work deploying analytic software to the Psychological Operations community, we have substantial first-hand experience in understanding these issues as they relate to tactical PSYOP Operators who need to gain additional reachback insight from the expert analysts of the Department of State’s Strategic Studies Detachment (SSD). We propose to demonstrate and evaluate the effectiveness of a Tool to Improve Collaboration between Operators and Reachback Analysts (TICORA). Our approach includes a work domain analysis to understand the issues that affect decision-makers and analysts; the use of our novel Causal Influence Modeling technique for allowing decision- makers to create subjective representations of the tactical environment; and other assisting components.

Fetch Technologies
841 Apollo Street Suite 400
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-9849
Sofus Macskassy
SB101-005      Awarded:5/14/2010
Title:GroupPulse - Monitoring and Tracking Group Dynamics in Online Social Media
Abstract:The past decade has seen an explosion in online social media, such as blogs, forums, twitter, and so forth. This online information can give us insights into groups and communities--what are their "hot button" issues, how are they responding to current events, and how are they likely to react in the future. With the advance and proliferation of technology, online groups and communities now include populations of high importance to the U.S. military planners, such as students in Iran, social conservatives in Saudia Arabia, and housewives in Egypt -- all sorts of groups throughout the Middle East. Currently, there is a great deal of information in social media that could be exploited for the benefit of military planners, but it is infeasible to monitor social media channels and provide simple, realtime assessment, analysis and predictive capabilities. This is the problem which we address in this proposal.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Jeffrey Baumes
SB101-006      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:An Open, Adaptive Geospatial Visual Information System
Abstract:The military has an increasing amount and variety of data sources collected using state-of- the-art technologies. Further, there is rapid proliferation of handheld devices, meaning that every soldier may become a sensor and require access to the information stream. Such a rich information environment holds the potential to vastly increase the safety and effectiveness of missions. However, due to the complexity and size of data, and the limited bandwidth on many display devices, the ability to visualize and understand information is problematic. In the work proposed here, we will develop a system that will adapt to device, network, and user capabilities to allow for effective knowledge dissemination. The multi-tiered approach will enable virtually any device with a web browser to obtain relevant information, even devices with very low capacities. In addition, hardware with sufficient graphics resources, such as current generation mobile devices, may access more advanced visualizations and interactions. The work will be based on existing technology used in the popular Visualization Toolkit VTK and ParaView parallel visualization system. In the proposed option, we plan to expand base functionalities to include adaptive, collaborative visualization.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
SB101-006      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Adaptive Data Visualization and Optimally Relevant Interface System
Abstract:To address the DARPA Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) need for solutions that enable on-the-fly geospatial visualization on devices and systems with disparate display resolutions and connection bandwidths, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Adaptive Data Visualization and Optimally Relevant Interface (ADVISOR) system based on a new method of visualization that adapts to user- level preferences and circumstances and is automatically optimized for the device displaying the content. The unique integration of adaptive visualization software based on open standards and human factors considerations along with existing devices offers the user adaptive visualization on a variety of devices having resolution differences of >10x and bandwidth constraints of >10x, ADVISOR directly addresses the DARPA ITPO requirements for adaptive visualization on a variety of devices and can support streaming video (e.g., H.264), geospatially tagged documents, event/object icons such as battle command graphics (e.g., FBCB2), and compressed imagery, all with associated metadata. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ADVISOR system by developing a proof-of-concept system that provides adaptive visualization of data registered to a 2D/3D geospatial database. In Phase II, POC plans to assemble, test, and demonstrate a fully automated system with interoperability on a variety of devices.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Terrance Goan
SB101-006      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:Supporting Context-Based Visualization of Relevant Geospatial Data on Constrained Devices
Abstract:We propose to address the growing challenge of information overload in network-centric information systems through the development of an agent-based framework that improves the warfighter’s awareness of critical information. In particular, we propose to enable adaptive information visualization in two ways: (1) exploiting simple profiles of the user’s context to support intelligent discovery and relevance filtering of both geospatially tagged data and data with an unstructured geospatial component; and (2) employing a “fire and forget” server- side agent to reduce the demand on potentially constrained client devices operating under less than ideal network conditions. We also propose to utilize the context and existing workflow of the warfighter to adapt the visualization, and streamline user interfaces to support the need to markup and provide feedback on this data. By exploiting the unique characteristics of geospatial data and task domain knowledge, our proposed system, Milieu, will provide a much better fit to the capabilities and requirements of the warfighter than general purpose information visualization technologies can. Phase I will prove the feasibility of our overall approach by evaluating the proposed capabilities with the construction of a limited prototype.

Adventium Enterprises, LLC
111 Third Ave. S., Suite 100
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 442-4109
Mark Boddy
SB101-007      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Ground Guidance ISK Integration (G2I2)
Abstract:This Phase 1 SBIR project will establish the technical and commercial benefits of using previous task executions to augment model-based route planning for military applications. On this project, we will integrate a prototype route planner using ``Implicit Semantic Knowledge'' (ISK) derived from previous executions, with an existing model-based route planner, called ``Ground Guidance.'' Model-based planners have a hard time dealing with dynamic information such as weather, traffic patterns, construction or battle damage, and the location of recent attacks or threats. Some terrain features, for example fences, or paths through mountainous areas, may not appear in a model-based system at all, at least not until they are reported from the field, because they are not visible in remote sensing information such as aerial imagery. ISK exploits the insight that these domain features will be necessarily reflected in executed routes. Our integration target is a best-in-class route planning system for military applications, currently being integrated into numerous military command and control systems, including MTS, Land Warrior, and FBCB2. In addition to being a good technical fit for the ISK approach, this integration provides a clear path to commercialization and deployment.

Aurrion LLC
5385 Hollister Ave.
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 683-0425
Greg Fish
SB101-008      Awarded:8/1/2010
Title:High-Power High-Linearity High-Speed Photodetection Modules
Abstract:Optical links are very attractive for application in antenna systems due to their low loss, lightweight flexible cabling, immunity to electromagnetic interference, broad bandwidth, and overall ability to remote antennas over distances not possible with conventional electronic approaches. The main limitation in realizing this goal are the linearity and power handling of the optical components required to take advantage of the aforementioned features of optical fiber based links. This proposal specifically is intended to develop photodetectors to address this issue. To accomplish this, we will use state of the art high power photodetector designs combined with a novel Photonic Integration Circuit fabrication technology that enable multiple semiconductor materials to participate in the photonic circuit without the need for lattice matching or regrowth. This technology fundamentally reduces the tradeoffs in optimizing the thermal, electrical, and optical performance found in conventional PIC designs, yet it remains wafer scale, retaining the precision and volume scalability of such manufacturing processes. To harness the advantages of photonic solutions while retaining the SWaP performance of integrated circuits, the goal of this project is to design a chip scale, photonic integrated high-power high-speed photodetectors on a high performance, low cost platform based upon silicon photonics.

Discovery Semiconductors, Inc.
119 Silvia Street
Ewing, NJ 08628
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 434-1311
Abhay Joshi
SB101-008      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:High Power, Highly Linear Photodiode Arrays with Integrated RF Power Combiner for 2 - 20 GHz Applications
Abstract:We propose to develop high-power, highly linear photodiodes having the following specifications at 1550 nm wavelength per photodiode: (1) 3 dB bandwidth > 20 GHz, (2) DC photocurrent > 200 mA, (3) maximum RF output power > 1 W, (4) two-tone OIP3 > 55 dBm, and (5) power-to-phase conversion factor < 3 rad/W. In conjunction with the significant advances in the state-of-the-art in individual photodiode performance, as mentioned above, we will demonstrate further ~ 6 dB enhancement in maximum RF output power and OIP3 by combining the RF outputs of an array of the proposed photodiodes with a RF Wilkinson combiner.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Victor Grubsky
SB101-009      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Miniature UV Sources for Imaging Applications
Abstract:To address DARPA’s need for a miniature, high-power UV source with a below-300-nm wavelength, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Miniature Pulsed Ultraviolet Source (MIPUS). This proposed device is based on a new high-power, compact solid-state (SS) laser design that uses in-house developed technologies and COTS components. The innovation in the novel laser medium is amenable to high-power operation, and the new cavity design will enable the MIPUS UV source to achieve the performance of much larger laser systems in a package with dimensions as small as 1 in. x 0.5 in. x 0.5 in. As a result, this MIPUS technology offers pulse output with a 1–10-kHz repetition rate, 1–5-ns pulse duration, and up-to-0.5-mJ pulse energy, directly addressing DARPA’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the MIPUS UV Source by performing system analysis and preliminary design, and fabricating and testing a tabletop prototype UV source with TRL 4. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully-functional, miniaturized pulsed UV laser source at TRL 6 that will satisfy all DARPA performance requirements.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Robert Leeuwen
SB101-009      Awarded:5/25/2010
Title:Miniature UV Sources for Imaging Applications
Abstract:DARPA is interested in advanced laser technology for development of miniature UV 3D LIDARs. UV sources are preferred for seeing through many natural and man made obscurants. Princeton Optronics proposes to develop a miniature UV source at wavelength below 300nm by pumping a solid state laser gain medium with VCSEL array and frequency convert the laser beam to UV frequency. With this approach we propose to develop a very small package that will fit inside a telecom butterfly package with a wide range of power output levels. In phase I, we would demonstrate the feasibility of the concept through theory and experiments. In phase I, we would design the miniature UV laser which will be implemented in phase II.

Nico Technologies Corp.
401 W. Morgan Road,
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 945-8131
Dr. Kelechi Anyaogu
SB101-010      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Non-Condensing Anti-Fog Hydrophobic Optical Coating
Abstract:Ultrahydrophobic coatings can provide an elegant solution to the anti-fogging problem that plagues current military optical systems. Biomimetic composite materials can offer realistic and permanent solution to the existing short-comings of current anti-fogging coatings. This proposal suggests realization of a biomimetic composite for anti-fogging films that: (1) are composed of an inorganic component that comprises the vast majority of the volume of the film, (2) contain an organic component that binds the inorganic components together, and (3) can be stacked via a laminating process thereby allowing the inorganic components to form a crossed-lamellar microarchitecture. The proposed coating coupons are expected to exhibit high performance in mechanical strength, robustness, optical clarity, and salt tolerance. To satisfy these requirements we will take advantage of layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly, which has been developed over the past several years by personnel of Nico Technologies Corp., for instance, for the assembly of clay nanocomposites. Films of clay platelets are of interest because of their high strength, superior environmental robustness, transparency, and excellent flexibility.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Yuliang Wang
SB101-010      Awarded:2/8/2010
Title:Bioinspired Novel Anti-Fog Coatings
Abstract:Many optical systems can be temporarily disabled due to fogging of the surface. While coatings and treatments exist to prevent fogging, they are either temporary or have intrinsic drawbacks. For example, traditional additive-based anti-fog coatings have a slow response time and suffer from a continuous loss of the additives during the product lifetime. Superhydrophilic anti-fog coatings developed recently can maintain optical transparency during condensation, but under high humid environments the excess amount of water accumulated on the surface can be problematic. Hydrophobic coatings, such as superhydrophobic coatings can repel large water droplets but can not prevent tiny water droplet attachment during fog condensation, which can cause light scattering and appear opaque. PSI proposes a bioinspired novel anti-fog solution that can avoid the disadvantages of the currently available anti-fog methods while retaining their advantages. When used on optical systems, the proposed coatings can maintain high optical transparency during condensation and at the same time be water-repellent. During Phase I, we will demonstrate a scalable and low-cost fabrication process to produce the proposed anti-fog coatings on optical components. The proposed coating will be permanent, salt-tolerant and is expected to surpass the performance of current anti-fog coatings or treatments.

TIAX LLC
15 Acorn Park
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 498-5926
Dolly Batra
SB101-010      Awarded:7/22/2010
Title:Non-Condensing Anti-Fog Hydrophobic Optical Coating
Abstract:Fogging of optical components results in substantial reduction in image quality and light transmission, hindering the function of crucial military devices such as specialty eyewear, optical scopes and optical filters. Current solutions to creating an anti-fog surface often entail temporary solutions such as wiping the surface with surfactants or warming up the surface in a coat pocket before use. TIAX proposes to develop non-condensing superhydrophobic coatings which exhibit anti-fog properties without impacting the optical properties of the device. The proposed coatings will be durable and salt tolerant, and they can be produced using low-cost, scalable methods. These superhydrophobic anti-fog coatings will be a significant improvement over alternative hydrophilic coatings as they will not require constant exposure to circulating dry air in order to remove the water from a surface.

5-D Systems Inc.
1 Chisholm Trail, Suite 3200
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 238-9840
Christof Hamm
SB101-011      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Software Architecture for Navigation Devices Enabling Flexible Addition of Aiding Sensors
Abstract:The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is seeking a software architecture that allows new and advanced navigation sensors to be integrated with an existing navigation system. To demonstrate this technology, DARPA desires a design for a personal navigator leveraging this technology that is capable of providing a location fix with an accuracy of 10 meters 3D rms. This navigator needs to integrate a variety of sensors in order to operate for extended periods of time without a GPS coordinate update. 5-D Systems’ layered approach to both the software architecture and navigation filter, presented in this proposal, provides a framework that meets desire. Our approach develops a generic software architecture that facilitates the development of a personal navigator that can exploit the newest and best navigation sensors available, irrespective of their existence at the time of the navigation system’s design and deployment. Our novel approach uses a layered, two-tier navigation filter that enables the robust addition of new sensors and navigation approaches while operating in the absence of GPS for extended periods. Collectively, our team brings a unique mix of academic and industry experience integrating sensors for navigation and developing adaptable, sustainable software architectures for new and legacy systems.

Sigtem Technology, Inc.
1343 Parrott Drive
San Mateo, CA 94402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 312-1132
Chun Yang
SB101-011      Awarded:8/19/2010
Title:Plug and Play Navigation with Universal Interface for Aiding Sensors
Abstract:We propose to develop a universal interface for flexible integration of a variety of aiding sensors with an inertial navigator toward plug-and-play navigation. In this multi-sensor fusion approach, a self-contained inertial navigator operates as a core sensor, which is assisted by secondary aiding sensors that are based on external radio signals such as GNSS and SOOP and external observations such as features extracted from laser scanners and video cameras. These aiding measurements may or may not be available depending on a specific navigation mission and the operational environment. The proposed approach exploits a synchronized timing of asynchronous measurements packer (STAMP) and a reconfigurable integration filtering engine (RIFE) in order to accommodate the asynchronous nature of aiding sensors' independent operations. A flexible modular structure with numerically stable implementation, which is adaptive to the initial conditions, the sensor error models, and the number, type, quality, and timing of measurements, will be developed using a decentralized (federated) Schmidt-Kalman filter to process complementary multi- rate and possibly out of sequence measurements. It therefore permits, on the run, physical/logical addition/subtraction of new aiding sensors, adjustment/weighting of sensors according to measurement qualities or due to a failure or a change in operational conditions and environments, and optimal selection/scheduling of aiding sensors. In Phase I, we will design the proposed universal interface in terms of its physical layer (the STAMP hardware) and its abstract layer (the RIFE software) and evaluate its performance via computer simulation. In Phase I Option, we will create preliminary specs for hardware and recommend the system configuration and the implementation approach for Phase II prototyping and demo.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Kenan Ezal
SB101-011      Awarded:5/26/2010
Title:System for Software-Defined Navigation(TM) (SDN(TM))
Abstract:An increasing number of civilian and military platforms rely on navigation systems. These systems usually comprise a centralized filter, which fuses measurements from a number of different sensors and does not include a “hot-swap” capability. Hence, it is not possible to reconfigure sensor modalities on-the-fly, and changes in the sensor mixture often require time consuming hardware and/or software modifications, thereby increasing development costs. Toyon Research Corporation is proposing a Software-Defined Navigation(TM) (SDN(TM)) architecture that will permit the adding and removing of sensors without any modifications to the navigation system. The navigation architecture will also support cooperative and distributed navigation and the sharing of map information. During the Phase I effort, Toyon will develop the SDN algorithms and prepare hardware and software interface control documents (ICDs) for the system. In addition, we will design and demonstrate an exemplary personal navigation system (PNS) that conforms to the proposed modular navigation architecture. The PNS will make use of a number of sensor modalities, and its performance will be evaluated for different sensor mixtures. We will conclude the Phase I program with a PNS hardware design that will be used for the Phase II demonstration.

MSNW LLC
8551 154th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 867-8900
David Kirtley
SB101-012      Awarded:5/15/2010
Title:High Specific Power Electric Propulsion
Abstract:A new thruster technology, the Electrodeless Lorentz Force (ELF) thruster, has been designed and tested at MSNW that has the capability to address the demanding combined requirements of high specific power, high efficiency, a large Isp range, and T/P in a single, lightweight device. The ELF thruster creates a high-density, magnetized plasma known as a Field Reversed Configuration using Rotating Magnetic Field formation. Coupled with an applied bias field gradient, the resulting JxB force accelerates the propellant to high velocity. The program goal of the ELF research was to characterize a thruster concept possessing the potential to surpass all current electric propulsion systems in efficiency, power, and operational variability. Based on current laboratory results, ELF would enable a range of high-power propulsion missions in the 10-100 kW class. The ELF thruster technology has been demonstrated to have a wide range of specific impulse (1,000-6,000) at high efficiency and operate on many propellants. Additionally, its pulsed nature inherently enables dramatic (expected up to 1000:1) power throttling while maintaining the optimal specific impulse, efficiency, and operational conditions. Proposed is a program to design, test, and optimize a highly-throttleable, full-scale 30-50 kW ELF thruster operating in a steady-state configuration.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Gareth Knowles
SB101-013      Awarded:6/15/2010
Title:High Density Power Converter Electronics
Abstract:The proposed solid-state (non-magnetic) DC-DC converter technology offers the military a completely different approach to converters for ballistics weapon systems that has important advantages over conventional power conditioning for projectile weapons systems. We are proposing to translate this new technology all the way through to demonstrated fuze hardware that includes addressing both risk reduction and supplier stability through a disciplined Advanced Component Development and Prototypes (ACD&P) program with our Army prime contract partner. This will quickly lead to realization of affordable and reliable manufacture of voltage transform/high power handling solid-state power that would that can be ruggedly realized and very compactly packaged. The simplicity of the technology enables it to be rapidly matured as to enable Technology Readiness Assessment by DARPA/Army for key ballistics applications.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6061
Jens Weyant
SB101-014      Awarded:5/27/2010
Title:Strain-Tolerant Organic-Ceramic Coatings for the Passivation of Laser Diode
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project will develop and demonstrate a passivation process that will result in a pin-hole free protective coating for nickel-gold (Ni/Au) plated copper micro-channel coolers (MCC) used for laser diode thermal management. This proposed approach will use atomic layer deposition (ALD) to deposit highly uniform ceramic thin films on commercially available MCCs. The ALD coating will provide corrosion resistance and erosion protection for the micro-channel, thereby increasing reliability. To increase the strain tolerance of the ceramic coating and eliminate any pinholesin the coating, the micro-channel surface will be pretreated with an organic self assembled monolayer (SAM). The SAM will provide an ideal surface for ALD bonding, improve uniformity by masking surface defects in the metal, and provide compliance for mismatch in thermal expansion coefficient. This innovative metal-organic-ceramic combination will allow Ni/Au-plated copper MCCs to transition from primarily laboratory use to an economical means of cooling commercial and military high power laser diode systems.

Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
Joel Thompson
SB101-014      Awarded:6/1/2010
Title:Graded AlN/Al2O3 Precursor and Methods to Passivate Micro-Channel Coolers
Abstract:Commercially available micro-channel coolers for high power laser diodes utilize copper's high thermal conductivity and ability to be micro-machined. Unfortunately, these coolers suffer from flow erosion and corrosion by the cooling fluid. Copper's ability to conduct electrical charge furthers the corrosion process and requires the use of deionized water as the heat carrying fluid. These factors increase operation costs and can lead to failure of the laser. Eltron Research & Development Inc. proposes the use of a proprietary precursor and deposition method to coat the micro-channel coolers with a graded AlN/Al2O3 layer. This hard, chemically resistant layer maintains high thermal conductivity while providing an electrical insulating barrier to protect the copper core from corrosion. The coating will extend the life span of the unit as well as allow for the use of filtered tap water for the cooling fluid. This will lower the cost of the high power laser diode unit over its life span and help prevent laser failure caused by flow erosion and corrosion.

---------- DTRA ----------

2 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 329-8526
Robert Woodley
DTRA 10-001      Selected for Award
Title:Systems - Agent Design Environment (Sys-ADE)
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Current Software and System Engineering (SSE) methodologies for Human System Integration provide a process or sets of processes by which to develop a SSE- HSI scheme of how one integrates humans, operations, systems, and technical perspectives with requirements, analysis, and verification for a complete systems picture. What is missing is the ability to do this with an easy-to-use template, especially for those who are not “engineering or non-technically inclined.” This is becoming more significant as DoD becomes involved with NGO/USGA mission partners in Irregular Warfare- Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief efforts. Standard guidelines and methodologies provide logical sequences to show concurrent and iterative SSE processes of human system integration design, e.g., how one activity will impact others in the design process(es). However, the SSE-HSI architectural design requires one to know how to build engineering schemes, understand functional allocations, and use proper engineering/technical symbols for process/work flow. Therefore, the objective is to create forms or templates to easily formulate a human- system integration architectural design without engineering or technical expertise. The concept should be similar to that of commercial tax preparation software (e.g., Turbo Tax, etc.). Tax preparation software provides a software package that easily steps an individual through the proper forms or templates to use; prompts the individual in what information to enter, and updates changes across all appropriate forms or templates without the individual having to be an accountant. The final step of the HSI-SSE process should be a non-technical visual representation of the overall SSE design for Workflow, Test and Evaluation, and Implementation. For example, non-government organizations (NGOs) are testing and evaluating systems alongside DoD for IW-Civil Affairs and have little to no experience in engineering or technical architectural design. This can be seen in the Naval Postgraduate School’s RELIEF Program where NGOs test and evaluate their products for such efforts as DoD’s Distributed Essential Services in Afghanistan (DES-A) Leveraging Information, Communications and Distributed Power to Build Partner Capacity. The NGOs come together at Camp Roberts with a written MS Word document of how they are going to test and evaluate their products for use with DoD’s. The documents are not written in any approved format that DoD recognizes. When the NGO ask for a SSE architectural design form to plug in their workflow, DoD provides the guidance books and references such as the Human System Integration Handbook.

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 581-5440
Azad M. Madni
DTRA 10-001      Selected for Award
Title:SYSEME/HSI™: Software and Systems Engineering Methodology for Human System Integration
Abstract:OBJECTIVE: Current Software and System Engineering (SSE) methodologies for Human System Integration provide a process or sets of processes by which to develop a SSE- HSI scheme of how one integrates humans, operations, systems, and technical perspectives with requirements, analysis, and verification for a complete systems picture. What is missing is the ability to do this with an easy-to-use template, especially for those who are not “engineering or non-technically inclined.” This is becoming more significant as DoD becomes involved with NGO/USGA mission partners in Irregular Warfare- Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief efforts. Standard guidelines and methodologies provide logical sequences to show concurrent and iterative SSE processes of human system integration design, e.g., how one activity will impact others in the design process(es). However, the SSE-HSI architectural design requires one to know how to build engineering schemes, understand functional allocations, and use proper engineering/technical symbols for process/work flow. Therefore, the objective is to create forms or templates to easily formulate a human- system integration architectural design without engineering or technical expertise. The concept should be similar to that of commercial tax preparation software (e.g., Turbo Tax, etc.). Tax preparation software provides a software package that easily steps an individual through the proper forms or templates to use; prompts the individual in what information to enter, and updates changes across all appropriate forms or templates without the individual having to be an accountant. The final step of the HSI-SSE process should be a non-technical visual representation of the overall SSE design for Workflow, Test and Evaluation, and Implementation. For example, non-government organizations (NGOs) are testing and evaluating systems alongside DoD for IW-Civil Affairs and have little to no experience in engineering or technical architectural design. This can be seen in the Naval Postgraduate School’s RELIEF Program where NGOs test and evaluate their products for such efforts as DoD’s Distributed Essential Services in Afghanistan (DES-A) Leveraging Information, Communications and Distributed Power to Build Partner Capacity. The NGOs come together at Camp Roberts with a written MS Word document of how they are going to test and evaluate their products for use with DoD’s. The documents are not written in any approved format that DoD recognizes. When the NGO ask for a SSE architectural design form to plug in their workflow, DoD provides the guidance books and references such as the Human System Integration Handbook.

---------- SOCOM ----------

23 Phase I Selections from the 10.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
AMERICAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES CO
3825 Lizette Ln.
Glenview, IL 60026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 414-6788
Igor V. Barsukov
SOCOM 10-001      Awarded: 8/12/2010
Title:Stealth Conformant Coatings for Diver Dry Suits
Abstract:American Energy Technologies Co., a woman-owned small business concern of Illinois, will partner with Georgia Institute of Technology of Atlanta, GA and Clemson University of South Carolina in order to develop and qualify a matrix of conformant clad coatings for outer garments of rubberized dry suits used by free swimming Special Operations Forces Divers. The principle constituents of these exterior coatings will be hard hydrophobic lightweight granules ranging in size +100 mesh (min) to ¼” (max), with a bulk density in the range of 1.85 to 2.25 g/cc. The coatings will be flexible, durable, and will provide for near maximum levels of laceration and puncture protection as specified in ASTM F1790 and ASTM F1342, respectively. These coatings will also have adequate abrasion resistance, will feature deep opaque green to dull gray disguise coloring thus helping make SOFDs near invisible during operations in shallow waters. The coatings are also expected to have appreciable ballistic protection properties at the threat level of at least type IIA per NIJ Standard–0101.06. BENEFITS: Coatings being proposed will be clad as an external layer to existing dry suits of special operations divers. These coatings will help improve current suit technology by serving multiple purposes including: (1) protection of divers from marine-borne sharp object threats (stinging marine life, coral, rock, shark, etc.), (2) passive protection from personnel threats (knife, spear in the water and light bullet on the surface), (3) disguise divers from visibility by naked eye during operations in shallow waters, (4) will add some weight to the dry suit thus permitting easier (e.g. faster) ingress of divers into the water, and (5) will help reduce exchange of heat between diver’s body and the ambient environment (a pro for missions in cold and too warm water). If/when successfully commercialized into the dry suits for shallow water operations, the next logical segue of the proposed coating technology would be into the deep-sea free swimming scuba costumes. Outside of SOCOM, the applications may include puncture resistant coatings for US Coast Guard, gloves for TSA passenger security screening personnel at the airports and on other checkpoints (DHS). Civilian wear-resistant applications include protection of moving or impacted parts of industrial equipment such as chutes / hoppers, exhaust fan blades and housing, nozzles, cyclone separators, etc.

EY Technologies
Div. of Pascale Industries, Inc. 939 Currant Road
Fall River, MA 02720
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 673-3307
Vikram Sharma
SOCOM 10-001      Awarded: 8/13/2010
Title:3-D Epoxy Printed Fabrics (Woven, Knits, Stretch Knits) for Integrated Sharp Object Protection for Dive Suit or Dive Skin Garment and Body Mapped Prot
Abstract:EY Technologies (EYT) proposes to accomplish three key objectives in this effort: 1) Generate 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabric Surfaces for Integrated Dive-Suit Sharp Object Protection. 2) Generate 3-D Epoxy Printed Knit Fabrics for Dive-Skin Garment for Sharp Object Protection 3) Body Mapped Sharp Object Protection Dive-Suit Design EYT has partnered with Polartec®, HDM, WhitesDiving to address the lack of Sharp object protection in current Dive Suit Systems. EYT proposes development of 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabrics (Woven, Knits, Stretch Knits) for cut, abrasion, puncture and penetration protection, for diver on land or water from sharp objects in either dive-suit or dive-skin form. EYT’s approach builds on traditional approach for protection from sharp objects, i.e. high cover factor or dense woven fabrics from Warwick Mills, which typically yields heavier woven fabrics that, have no give or stretch, which will likely hinder the diver’s motion both in water and on land. EYT proposed Body Mapped Protection Dive Suit approach provides flexibility to incorporate, any type or combination of fabric layers, tailored to trauma susceptibility of body parts from sharp objects. EYT team members: Polartec®, HDM, WhitesDiving®, UMass MarineTechCenter, bring together a strong team that will ensure success of the proposed program and commercialization. BENEFITS: The 3-D Epoxy Printed Fabrics (woven, knits, or coated yarn stretch knits) are highly resilient and flexible that generates extremely durable sharp object protection (cut, abrasion, penetration, puncture, laceration) yet do not mitigate SOCOM Divers actions, motion or operational tasks in any threat environment both in water and on land, is highly desirable for applications beyond Military in commercial applications. Such a system would have great application in Commercial Dive Suit Market, Industrial Market (Oilmen, Fishing); Clothing for active sports people (Hunting, Climbing etc.) would be another target market. Companies will readily integrate this Lightweight 3-D Epoxy printed fabric layers system into consumer products and markets (gloves, jackets, shoes etc.).

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618
Christiansburg, VA 24068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Vince Baranauskas
SOCOM 10-001      Awarded: 8/16/2010
Title:Lightweight, Highly Flexible Ceramic Copolymer Composite Liners for Providing Multi-Threat Laceration, Abrasion and Puncture Protection to Special Ope
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to design, construct and qualify next generation ceramic copolymer drysuit liners for providing multi-threat protection to special operations forces (SOF) divers from laceration, abrasion and puncture threats. The proposed lightweight, highly flexible liner technology will be designed for integration within currently employed drysuit ensembles and thus have immediate utility for imparting diver protection from an array of threat scenarios without compromising free-swimming maneuverability or continuous water to land operations. In addition, the proposed diver protection system will provide ballistic protection through its multiple threat defeating mechanisms. NanoSonic’s drysuit liners will integrate innovative ceramic polymer armor materials within shear thickening Kevlar® and Dyneema® fibers to provide lightweight (< 1 lb / sq. ft.) drysuit liners with exceptional abrasion resistance and shear thickening ceramic nanoparticles that protect from both puncture and laceration threats. This effort will build from NanoSonic’s independently validated hybrid nanocomposite armor materials that have demonstrated independently validated abrasion resistance against high velocity solid particles, durability against high velocity fragment simulation projectiles, and protection from buried C4 landmine explosives. Optimized drysuit liner materials will be supplied to suggested SOF diver drysuit manufacturers for trial integration efforts during the base 6-month effort. BENEFITS: NanoSonic’s highly flexible, lightweight ceramic nanocomposite drysuit armor liners have envisioned utility within a broad spectrum of soldier armor ensembles and field protective equipment. By combining the exceptional flexibility, impact durability, flame resistance and mechanical strength of NanoSonic’s antiballistic hybrid copolymers with reinforcing, shear thickening Kevlar® and Dyneema® composites, an innovative class of armor capable of defeating a broad spectrum of ballistic, puncture, laceration and abrasive threats will be realized. Importantly, researchers will tailor the viscosity, processing window and cure schedule of the proposed armor panels for a graceful transition into commonly employed composite manufacturing techniques (pultrusion, compression molding, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum transfer molding (VARTM), prepregging and hand lay-up). Thus, researchers envision facile integration pathways within a broad spectrum of body armor technologies, as well as potential secondary utility for direct application to vulnerable exterior structures of tactical vehicles. The synthetic and manufacturing metrics of the proposed nanocomposite resins will facilitate 55-gallon Phase I scale-up opportunities thus enabling a rapid Phase III transition.

Warwick Mills
301 Turnpike Road, PO Box 409
New Ipswich, NH 03071
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 291-1000
Charles Howland
SOCOM 10-001      Awarded: 8/22/2010
Title:Cut and Puncture Resistant Low Mass Diver Dry Suit with High Mobility
Abstract:We propose to provide essential protection from lacerations, punctures and abrasion for SOCOM’s free swimming diver force using a multi-layer laminate. The key technology will employs a novel stretch-pleat design with a proven puncture and cut resistant fabric that will allow a lower diving mass ensemble with a focus on mobility. The core puncture and cut layer is based on a lightweight puncture resistant fabric we designed for several NASA’s Mars space flights, where mass was also mission critical. This material was used to build the inflatable impact bags that protected Pathfinder, Spirit and Opportunity vehicles as they did a controlled crash-landing on Mar’s surface with its sharp volcanic rock surface. In addition to this cut and puncture layer, we propose a novel stretch knit made from a unique combination of stretch yarns and high modulus yarns. These two textiles layers will form a lightweight flexible stretch system that will offer the SOCOM diver force unprecedented protection without restricting their mobility. The third component that we propose is a high performance, breathable water barrier that will be sandwiched and protected by the two textile layers, creating a complete system for thermal management essential for the diver adapting to diverse environments. BENEFITS: Stretch-pleat concept with puncture and cut resistant fabric will provide essential protection from lacerations and punctures for free swimming SOCOM diver force and commercial diving community. The technology will combine inherently puncture resistant fabric with stretch pleat design to allow a lower diving mass ensemble with focus on mobility.

Carbozyme, Inc.
1 Deer Park Drive, Suite L-2
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 274-0657
Michael Trachtenberg
SOCOM 10-002      Awarded: 8/31/2010
Title:Lightweight, Small Volume, CO2 Removal Technology for Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) and Undersea Platforms
Abstract:Carbozyme will develop a novel closed circuit rebreathing apparatus based on biomimetic principals. Our objective is to catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide to ionic equivalents that can be readily absorbed into seawater, eliminating gas bubbles. This design has the unique advantage of being able to operate continuously for the full duration of the oxygen supply. Installation of the rebreather will be significantly easier since it will be designed to fit on the oxygen tank and utilize the same hosing. Furthermore, it will work equally well independent of water temperature, making it possible to operate over a temperature range of -2 to +41°C. Another important aspect of our design is that it protects against simple but dangerous mistakes such as the diver failing to replace a used cartridge. Overall, Carbozyme’s design is targeted at being easier to use, easier to breath through and safer than existing UBA CCR methods. Carbozyme’s approach to minimize market access time and cost is to license this technology to a preferred developer currently operating in this field that has demonstrated high quality reputation and experience in military and government operations. BENEFITS: One key benefit of our work is to create a new class of CCR where the diver is not limited by the CO2 capture capacity of the CCR but merely by dive tables and oxygen availability. Moreover, the device is designed have a low pressure drop making respiration easy, removing another limitation found in current CCR technology. Carbozyme’s rebreather will be integrated with the compressed gas tank on the diver’s back, decreasing the level of skill needed for installation. Perhaps most importantly it is designed to increase safety by operating in a parallel and continuous mode. We believe these features are valuable not only to the military but to recreational divers as well. We will commercialize by licensing the design to one of the major companies in this field

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-4289
Jonas Gunter
SOCOM 10-002      Awarded: 8/31/2010
Title:Functional Porous Sol-Gel Silica for Highly Efficient CO2 Scrubber
Abstract:Current and future military force is moving to be lighter, faster, and stealthier in order to maintain an operational advantage. For example, a lightweight and small volume underwater breathing apparatus (UBA) is required to supply combat divers with continuous breathing gas in the water A closed-circuit rebreather (CCR) that provides divers with breathable gas from recycled exhaled gas is more accepted due to several advantages such as low weight and volume, long diving duration, and few, if any, bubbles. However, the CO2 scrubbing technology used in the CCRs to remove CO2 from the breathing loop has not been changed in over 50 years, which has a limited CO2 removal capacity. In order to meet advanced military force requirements, such as lower system weight and volume and longer submersible duration, an innovative and highly efficient CO2 scrubber technology is urgently needed. To address this critical need, Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes to develop a high efficiency CO2 scrubber system based on a functional nanoporous material. The proposed technology is expected to have a CO2 removal capacity 3 to 10 times as high as that for the currently used soda lime scrubber based on equivalent weight or volume. BENEFITS: If successful, this development effort will yield a highly efficient CO2 scrubbing technology that could be used in underwater breathing apparatus (UBA) and/or other undersea platforms. In addition to military applications, the developed high efficiency CO2 scrubber system would also be utilized in civilian and space applications such as recreational diving equipments, rebreathers for mine workers and firefighters, industrial CO2 gas separation, and space CO2 capture.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Alan Cisar
SOCOM 10-002      Awarded: 8/30/2010
Title:A Nanocomposite, Regenerable, High Capacity CO2 Sorbent
Abstract:SOCOM is seeking an innovative solution for a simpler, high capacity scrubber to reduce the levels of CO2 in underwater breathing apparatus and re-breathers. Existing CO2 scrubbers are absorbent based and suffer from slow reaction rates under pressure, at colder temperatures, and under heavy breathing, as well as limited CO2 capacity and the dangers of a caustic cocktail if the scrubber floods. Lynntech Inc. proposes to develop a high capacity, nanocomposite CO2 removal media that will be smaller and lighter and have improved CO2 adsorption properties. The proposed system will be based on Lynntech’s modified zeolite that has exhibited a 235% increase in CO2 adsorption capacity in the presence of humidity versus unmodified zeolite. The device will be sized for the Mk 25 and Mk 16 underwater breathing apparatus and will preferentially adsorb CO2 rather than moisture. The Phase I will optimize, test and characterize the media that will comprise the adsorption matrix, and perform analyses of the capture capacity, flow resistance, and low temperature performance of the sorbent. The Phase II will design, develop and demonstrate a prototype CO2 scrubber system that is smaller and lighter than current absorbers and has improved adsorption properties. BENEFITS: Lynntech’s proposed high capacity, nanocomposite CO2 sorbent offers a smaller and lighter solution with improved adsorption properties that will be beneficial to numerous applications. Potential military applications of the technology are CO2 scrubbers used in underwater breathing apparatus, closed circuit rebreathers, manned submersibles and hyperbaric chambers. Potential commercial applications of the technology range from underwater research vessels, submersible rescue vehicles, oil rig, exploration, and tourist submersibles to civilian/recreation diving equipment and hyperbaric systems. Other potential applications include the space sector, military and commercial aviation sector, the mining industry, and industrial workers in tanks and other enclosed spaces.

Marshall Laboratories, Inc.
2555 49th Street Unit Number 4
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-0156
John Marshall
SOCOM 10-002      Awarded: 8/31/2010
Title:Lightweight, Small Volume, CO2 Removal Technology for Underwater Breathing Apparatus (UBA) and Undersea Platforms: An Advanced Nanotechnology Resolut
Abstract:We will employ the very latest methods in nanotechnology to realize vastly improved CO2 scrubbing efficiency in closed cycle underwater breathing apparatuse(UBA). Our system will occupy minimal volume, will be simple in design and will employ benign nano- particles as the CO2 active scrubbing material. Due to the design, CO2 uptake will be maximized and breathing flow resistance will kept at a minimal value over a wide temperature range, i.e. -5 degrees Celsius to over 200 degrees Celsius. Furthermore, the scrubbing device will be 100% recyclable and may be replaced immediately in the field as needed by combat swimmers. We estimate that our scrubbing device will occupy less than .05 liters and will weigh less than 0.75 lbs. BENEFITS: We anticipate commercial needs in recreational diving and mine safety. Present mine safety devices employ lithium hydroxide within present escape/rescue emergency breathing devices. This is a health hazard and can be efficiently replaced with our benign, lighter weight system. These systems could be made available to numerous applications where workers might be exposed to high-level CO2 environments.

Nano Terra, Inc
790 Memorial Drive Suite 202
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Joseph McLellan
SOCOM 10-002      Awarded: 8/31/2010
Title:Development of a Novel Highly-Efficient Nanofiber-based CO2 Absorbing Material
Abstract:Nano Terra proposes the design and development of nanofiber-based CO2 absorbing materials which will increase the sorbent capacity while decreasing breathing resistance and increasing the rate of CO2 absorption. Metal oxide nanofibers capable of absorbing CO2 will be fabricated using electrospinning, in a technique pioneered by Nano Terra’s scientists. The CO2 absorbing capacity of the fibers will be tested, optimized, and production scaled up to satisfy the requirements of the solicitation. Nano Terra’s expertise with electrospinning, surface chemistry, nanofiber fabrication, as well as its extensive intellectual property portfolio covering multiple aspects of these techniques, qualifies it to perform the design and development of this novel CO2-absorbing material. BENEFITS: Warfighters operating underwater rely on carbon dioxide (CO2) scrubbers to remove the gas from re-circulating air in underwater breathing apparatuses, thus preventing CO2 poisoning. Current CO2 removal technologies are outdated, heavy, large, and lose operating efficiency at low temperatures, such as those experienced at large depths. Nano Terra’s proposed nanofiber-based CO2 scrubber will increase the rate of CO2 absorption and increase sorbent capacity, permitting a scaling down of CO2 scrubber units. Smaller and more efficient CO2 scrubbers will increase the range of depths, distances, and physical tasks available to warfighters operating under water, and will insure the safety of personnel in hazardous conditions.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Suite 220
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 562-5333
Joseph Murray
SOCOM 10-003      Awarded: 8/12/2010
Title:Compact, Covert Periscope with 360 Degree Simultaneous Day/Night Coverage
Abstract:The proposed Phase I investigation is expected to yield an innovative sensor system design of a very small, lightweight, and minimally detectable periscope imaging system capable of instantaneous 360-degree viewing. The approach exploits innovative research and development activities in advanced optics designs coupled with modern sensors, including visual, near infrared, and short wave infrared. We present an innovative panoramic sensor module that can integrate with the existing Seal Delivery Vehicle (SDV) mast system and inboard electronics. It will provide visual, low light, and short wave infrared sensing capability. This system will provide unique capabilities for red and green differentiation. The unique design concept permits a very compact system solution and is build of cost effective and rugged devices to be able to withstand the harsh operating environment. We anticipate that the results of this effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the system approach and the path to implementation. BENEFITS: The Phase I effort will generate optical imaging designs, and will identify suitable sensor technologies that will allow the development of a covert, 360-degree panoramic imaging system. Results of the Phase I will produce an architecture for a complete electronics/firmware system to meet or exceed all the requirements. We expect the imaging system will readily scale to the application and be adapted to meet all the imaging requirements. Successful completion of Phase I will establish the feasibility of the approach and the development of the conceptual design that will transition into the Phase II effort. The imaging system design developed in Phase I will be used to develop a demonstration system in Phase II to investigate the performance of the system.

RemoteReality Corporation
1700 West Park Dr
Westborough, MA 01581
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 898-8613
Raghu Menon
SOCOM 10-003      Awarded: 7/16/2010
Title:Compact, Covert Periscope with 360 Degree Simultaneous Day/Night Coverage
Abstract:RemoteReality proposes to design and develop a very high resolution, omnidirectional compact 360 degree periscope based on RemoteReality''s unique optical designs and very high resolution imagers with embedded processing. Employing a combination of RemoteReality’s catadioptric cameras with a rotating mirror in a pressure housing with a wide spectral band zoom lenses and fixed LLLTV and SWIR cameras, the entire system will have a single point of projection for generating accurate panoramic and perspective videos with no distortion. The system will use a cylindrical window on the housing which has the advantage that optical aberrations introduced by the window can be self corrected by using a mirror of the appropriate curvature. The use of light mirror based components, with minimal moving parts and no slip rings will result in a compact light package. The use of FPGA based embedded processing will further reduce the footprint of the system. RemoteReality patented approach backed by over 11 years of experience is one of the few approaches that yield repeatable wide angle camera systems in a small robust form factor, low cost and weight with high resolution. BENEFITS: - Enhanced 360 Situational Awareness for armored vehicles - Maritime key asset and force protection. - Unmanned Vehicle tele-operation - Wide area surveillance for border protection, waterway and shoreline protection, city surveillance. - Airport and power plant security and surveillance. - Wide angle video conferencing

Continental Controls and Design, Inc.
20252 Bancroft Circle
Huntington Beach, CA 92646
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 964-6553
Jim Hynes
SOCOM 10-005      Awarded: 6/14/2010
Title:High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate an integrated ride control system for high speed small craft. Our approach uses a smart EM actuator and transom trim tabs as a direct replacement for the ubiquitous electrohydraulic and electric systems currently used for static trim adjustments. Our recent IRAD efforts have produced a self contained control system which can be installed on virtually any craft within a few hours. The architecture is similar to systems used on larger ferries, but it uses modern MEMS inertial sensing and an efficient brushless direct drive ballscrew instead of bulky and expensive hydraulics. Our Phase 1 goals are to use our craft to demonstrate the current capability to the special boat unit in San Diego and use their feedback to add software features. In P2 we will fit the system to a RIB reserved for science and technology development. BENEFITS: This system could be used in a broad range of military and civilian high speed water craft applications, where shock and motion mitigation are desired.

Moxahela Enterprises, LLC
3201 Enterprise Parkway Suite 410
Beachwood, OH 44122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 831-2288
Scott T. Snow
SOCOM 10-005      Awarded: 6/15/2010
Title:High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control
Abstract:Marine 1, LLC and senior business partner Moxahela Enterprises, LLC are pleased to present this proposal for the US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) topic number SOCOM 10-005 for high speed combatant craft automated ride control. USSOCOM has identified the need for a lightweight, automated ride control system that will model and predict craft motion to dynamically adjust craft systems including trim tabs and propulsion vector, for the purpose of significantly improving the ride quality aboard their high speed craft in elevated seas. Operations in elevated sea states result in extreme accelerations and shock forces that are debilitating to craft, crew and passengers. Personnel associated with special boat operations too often sustain significant and permanent injuries. Currently, USSOCOM’s Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSOF) relies almost exclusively on the skill and experience of Special Warfare Combatant Craft Crewmen (SWCC) to mitigate the impact of turbulent seas. These crewmen employ navigation, maneuver and throttle manipulation as a means to control their vessels in adverse environmental conditions. USSOCOM’s recent Combatant Craft Medium (CCM) requirements seek to limit the injury causing forces experienced by its high speed craft personnel. These safety-minded requirements have inspired several highly advanced shock mitigating hull designs. A motion damping capable, attitude stabilizing automated ride control system will serve to compliment and enhance USSOCOM’s bold new generation of fast vessels. BENEFITS: An automated, active attitude control, stabilization, and motion damping system for Naval Special Warfare Combatant Craft will significantly impact NAVSOF mission effectiveness and improve the operational availability of SWCC and SEAL personnel. The resulting improved craft ride quality will reduce the shock experienced by SWCC operators and SEAL passengers, thus reducing injuries during training and mission operations, reducing SWCC and SEAL fatigue during long and short transits, and improve stability during replenishment and boarding maneuvers. The secondary benefits to the addition of an automated ride control system for combatant craft will be in extending craft life, reducing the life cycle costs in craft maintenance due to shock, and in reducing the training time for SWCC personnel. Operating the craft will become much easier when an automated ride control system is fully implemented.

Naiad Dynamics US Inc.
50 Parrott Drive
Shelton, CT 06484
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 863-5499
Benton H. Schaub
SOCOM 10-005      Awarded: 6/14/2010
Title:High Speed Combatant Craft Automated Ride Control
Abstract:The development of an automated ride control system for high speed combatant craft is critical to reducing the motions that cause injury to crew and damage to craft and equipment. Ancillary benefits include reduced fuel consumption for improved range of operation and the reduction of wake signature. The objective of this research project is to continue the successful development of ride control systems for high speed combatant craft with the goals of improving motion-reducing performance through the use of not- currently-implemented predictive features that rely on data from additional on-board sensors and real time sea condition models, and additional not-currently-implemented system automation to reduce operator task load. BENEFITS: Ride control systems are well-proven in commercial and military applications. The company proposing this work has successfully fielded ride control systems for relatively small, very high speed combatant craft with impressive results. For example, one application reduced the peak motions-induced shock acceleration on a 11m US Navy RHIB by approximately 50% (from over 12 g’s to less than 6 g’s), and the company’s ride control system is currently being fitted to every new UK MOD high speed special operations craft. It is believed that further sea-induced motion reductions, with commensurate reductions of injury-causing acceleration can be achieved by (a) using data from additional on-board sensors such as radar or radio-frequency wave height telemetry and (b) using data from sea condition models that are updated in real-time by the ride control system embedded controller. Neither approach is currently implemented anywhere in the world as a control input to the ride control system, and mathematical models and control algorithms must be developed to achieve the goal of improved performance. The anticipated benefits of a system employing these features is improved system performance with little increase in system price, which is an aspect that is very important for follow-on commercial applications. That is, excluding the one-time cost of developing models and algorithms, taking input from craft radar or radio-frequency wave height telemetry is merely a systems integration issue rather than additional hardware scope of supply requirement because the candidate craft, whether military or commercial, are always fitted with radar units, and current generation ride control systems are always fitted with conventional motion sensors such as accelerometers, rate gyros, and inclinometers. Further, it is believed that current-generation embedded processors with adequate computational power are commercially available to simultaneously update sea condition models in real time and run the ride control system algorithms in real time. Another aspect of the work being proposed is increased automation to reduce operator task load. Most current generation ride control systems require the operator to change system settings in response to prevailing sea conditions. Some current generation ride control systems have adaptive algorithms, which merely use a gain scheduling approach that is crude and ineffective for high speed craft. The company proposing this work has investigated integration of an artificial

Advanced Distributed Sensor Systems, Inc
10658 W. Centennial Road #400
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 235-3830
Patrick French
SOCOM 10-006      Awarded: 5/13/2010
Title:Micro Weather Sensor (MWS)
Abstract:A need exists for a new environmental situational awareness sensor with multi-spectrum camouflage that is extremely small (90g) and capable of measuring with aviation-grade accuracy: wind speed/direction, horizontal visibility, sky condition, cloud heights, temperature, dewpoint, barometric pressure, precipitation and CBRN contamination. There exists a strong desire to support a variety of communications options for data dissemination and C2. This sensor will be used in Unmanned Aircraft Systems and in ground deployments. A unit with the capabilities described above would address an unmet requirement for remote expendable weather sensors from the AF OS-21 ORD. ADSS proposes to utilize a variety of novel sensor technologies coupled with various meteorological rules and data fusion techniques to address this unmet need. ADSS proposes to develop both the 90g sensor and an optional ground-based augmentation sensor. Phase I will focus on the selection, evaluation, and demonstration of the most difficult measurements (visibility, cloud height, sky coverage, wind speed/direction) to perform with high accuracy in the cell phone size package. These new measurement approaches will be evaluated in Phase I in ADSS’ unique and highly instrumented test facility for weather sensors. Phase I will result in a down-selection of technologies for full development in Phase II. BENEFITS: The precision weather measurement market has been relatively stagnate in the development of new technologies for the last 20 years and has chosen to simply refine the existing measurement techniques. This is due to costs associated with gaining acceptance of a new technology and that size, weight and power for the typical installation are immaterial. Under this three-Phased SBIR program, ADSS has proposed several revolutionary technologies which when proven will address the stated DoD need (AF OS-21 ORD) and create new applications in other markets. ADSS is the incumbent technology company for addressing this DoD need for remote expendable aviation-grade weather measurement systems. As such, ADSS has developed manufacturing and calibration facilities for this market. In addition, ADSS has established sales, marketing and customer support for this market. ADSS routinely exhibits at the American Meteorological Society annual show and has a solid reputation within the weather community. Given successful demonstration of the proposed technology, ADSS is extremely well-poised to immediately commercialize this technology within its existing customer base. Beyond the existing customers, the markets requiring the proposed technology include 1) battlefield DSNs or Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS), 2) intelligence gathering by the military and other government organizations, 3) installation Homeland Defense, 4) Homeland Security monitoring applications and 6) wildlife/forest monitoring. ADSS envisions significant penetration into these markets because the proposed system would create new methods to address unmet needs in these areas.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ihor Berezhnyy
SOCOM 10-006      Awarded: 5/26/2010
Title:Optical Wave Guide Integrated Weather Sensor
Abstract:To address the SOCOM need for live, day-and-night weather monitoring, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Optical-Wave-Guide–Integrated Weather Sensor (WAGIS). This proposed device is based on a new design that utilizes in- house–developed mature components and COTS components. The innovation in multispectral optical train design and implementation of POC’s proprietary volume phase grating (VPG) will enable the WAGIS to detect local weather parameters, offering real- time and high-accuracy data that directly address SOCOM requirements for weather monitoring. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WAGIS with limited capability by developing a device that automatically detects and collects weather data and transmits these data to Military Command and Control (C2) elements. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the design and to implement the features that allow secure and undetectable data transmissions and C2 network communication using common messaging formats, such as METAR. BENEFITS: Governmental, commercial, and nonprofit organizations will benefit from WAGIS by using it for weather forecasting and air pollution monitoring, air quality control, security, surveillance, process control in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and product inspection, intelligence gathering, climate change, public health, and more. Military applications of the WAGIS technology will include monitoring the local weather for better situation awareness as well as monitoring of local environment for bio- chemical and radiological hazards.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
David C. Liptak
SOCOM 10-006      Awarded: 6/1/2010
Title:Micro Weather Sensor (MWS)
Abstract:The Special Operations Forces mission requirement for remote weather sensing can be satisfied with an innovative solution that addresses tactical mobility in high threat environments. Within this context UES proposes the development of a novel Micro Weather Sensor, a modular system consisting of a comprehensive sensor suite and a compact, powerful networking device. The suite measures temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, ambient light, and radiological contamination and can be extended to also monitor wind speed and direction, cloud height and thickness, and chemical and biological warfare agent contamination. A mobile handset running the Linux operating system serves as the user/network interface, supporting both fully-automated and human-directed operating modes. Using encrypted Internet Protocols over wireless data networks, the handset not only relays locally acquired weather information to command and control elements, but also receives and graphically portrays data feeds from those elements. By virtue of the expanded network awareness and broad spectrum sensing capabilities that also include CBRN detection; the proposed sensor represents a dramatic improvement in remote weather sensing technology. BENEFITS: The proposed micro weather sensor will increase the availability of ground-based weather sensor data in forward areas. The sensor will be smaller and lighter than current state-of-the-art solutions and therefore easier to transport. The modular sensor array will be reconfigurable, allowing custom configurations that are optimized for specific deployment scenarios. A decoupled architecture will allow optimal placement of sensor and radio communications hardware. The computing subsystem will use an operating system with a strong security model and secure network communications will be supported. Intelligent software design will provide improved interoperability with local user and remote command and control elements. Remote sensing of weather phenomena has applications in Special Operations Forces and conventional military activities.

Aqua Resources Corporation
20 Linwood Rd NW
Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 451-1883
John Cairney
SOCOM 10-007      Awarded: 4/9/2010
Title:Clean, Green, ChemBio Defense/Fire Retardant Process Using Nanotechnology
Abstract:The dynamics of nano-size interactions of metal hydroxide nanoplatelets is a new field of material science. Initial research conducted by Aqua Resources and the Department of Defense, offers the promise of an innovative means of effectively defending against Chemical/Biological (CB) warfare agents in a cost effective manner without the attendant residues and long-term damage associated with traditional methods. The platelets have the ability to resist CB contamination and be self detoxifying which will return mission assets to a MOPP-free status/condition in a timely manner. Magnesium hydroxide nanoplatet technology promises to be an effective, non-toxic, and environmentally friendly solution for countering CB warfare threats. In addition, magnesium hydroxide is a known fire retardant and can be used in platelet form as a platform to carry other enhanced C/B and fire retardants, which will augment those properties of materials, such as fabrics, plastics, etc. Additionally, magnesium hydroxide nanoplatelets are non-toxic to humans and anti-corrosive. Aqua Resources has patent-pending protection on the morphology of platelets and the production process which produces them. BENEFITS: Applications of nanoplatelets technology are virtually universal and could have a positive and profound impact on the Nation’s infrastructure in a myriad of everyday commercial/industrial applications: e.g., as a mildewcide/bactericide/fungicide in the manufacture of dry wall panels, lumber and any and all other construction materials for which fungal control is a major issue; CO2 scrubber in smokestacks to reduce carbon footprint and improve air purification systems; food packaging industry as a bactericide; active ingredient in antifungal creams for human and animal usage; multipurpose disinfectant in hospital settings. Nanoplatelets of magnesium hydroxide will be a better fire suppressant system for aircraft fires because of its anti-corrosive capability. On industrial fires, Magnesium hydroxide can be used in any one of its three states , jell, foam, and powder to neutralizing toxic smoke and runoff while suppressing the fire. On synthetic or natural textile magnesium hydroxide nanoplatelets add new properties of, fire retardant, super hydrophobic, oleo phobic and antimicrobial capabilities. Perhaps the most dramatic promise is the ability of nanoplatelets to kill drug/antibiotic-resistant bacteria (i.e., community acquired-MRSA) and other bacterial resistant mutants. Since nanoplatelets can be created with a virtually infinite combination of morphologies and chemistries, it is the ultimate antimicrobial.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Juan Hodelin
SOCOM 10-007      Awarded: 4/8/2010
Title:Nanoparticle Adhesive Deposition Process for Metal Hydroxide Nanoplatelets
Abstract:To address the USSOCOM need to develop new materials or processes using nanotechnology for chemical and biological warfare (CBW) defense, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nanoparticle Adhesive Deposition (NANOPAD) process. This proposed process is based on established chemical finishing techniques using chemically synthesized metal hydroxide nanoplatelets (MHN) to impregnate fabrics, clothing, and hard materials. The innovation in applying an MHN treatment using an adaptation of a textile-finishing process will enable the development of self-decontaminating, self-neutralizing, and fire-retardant protective clothing and materials for CBW defense. As a result, the NANOPAD process offers a cost-effective, verifiable, and environmentally friendly approach to MHN-infused material production, which directly addresses the USSOCOM requirements for clean, green Chem/Bio defense process using nanotechnology. In Phase I, POC plans to demonstrate the NANOPAD process for integrating MHN into materials for self-decontamination, self-neutralization of CBW threats, and fire protection. POC will develop the NANOPAD process and verify the approach by performing a comparative study with other methods of MHN integration. In Phase II, POC will optimize the NANOPAD process and demonstrate the decontamination of chemical agents and neutralization of biological agents without the threat of mutant strains, and provide off-the-shelf clothing with fire-retardant laundering-proof fibers. BENEFITS: The fully developed NANOPAD process will provide a cost-effective approach to creating self-decontaminating, self-neutralizing, and fire-retardant clothing and material surfaces. Direct commercial applications of the NANOPAD-treated materials will include creating protective clothing and equipment for CBW safety with added flame resistance. There are many potential applications for a nontoxic, self-decontaminating surface treatment that would impact the medical, food and beverage, industrial protective clothing, air and water purification, and sanitation industries, among others. The flame-retardant properties extend the applications to fire protection for protective clothing, furniture and upholstery, and vehicle interiors and exteriors. Prophylactic treatments using NANOPAD could make safer a broad range of public and commercial venues including medical facilities, gyms/spas, food preparation and storage areas, stadiums, and airports and public transport facilities.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Dan Klemer
SOCOM 10-008      Awarded: 9/2/2010
Title:Environmentally Hardened Laser-based micro combat ID
Abstract:Aerius Photonics will address the need for a small, ruggedized, long-range wearable micro combat identification device by developing a compact, portable, battery-powered beacon that employs state-of-the-art mid-wave IR (MWIR), long-wave IR (LWIR) and near IR (NIR) laser technology to emit an eyesafe signal that is easily detected by presently deployed targeting pods. Phase I will demonstrate, evaluate and deliver a prototype battery operated, hand held laser beacon with a target range of 12 nautical miles. The initial effort will focus on determining the design space available for miniaturization, packaging and cost reduction of laser devices with proven performance to meet the needs of the application. Feasibility will be established for further miniaturizing the unit to a size consistent with currently deployed strobes, and for satisfying requirements for reliable operation under global operating temperatures and conditions, including submersion in seawater to 66’ and operation in an electromagnetic environment. In Phase I, a long-range field test will also be conducted on the prototype unit at Northrop Grumman using their LITENING targeting pod. The Phase II effort will focus on completing a ruggedized product design and proving out reliability and performance. BENEFITS: The Aerius micro combat ID beacon will address a critical need for missions support personnel to be able to readily discriminate between friendly and unfriendly troops at continuously increasing distances from the center of activity by providing a small, compact, wearable module with long range visibility and capability of surviving in harsh environments. Moreover, it will enable incoming aircraft and ground troops to quickly and accurately indentify friendly troops in dynamically-changing battlefield environments. Upon the successful completion of the Phase I and Phase II program, Aerius’ combat ID beacon will have immediate utility for current military operations, and since it is designed to work with current targeting pods, Aerius’ beacon can be deployed as soon as production begins. Therefore, a key objective for the combined Phase I and Phase II effort will be to finalize a beacon design that is ready for production by the end of the program. Moreover, this product would have broad appeal across all branches of the military, and therefore, the commercial volume potential is substantial.

Diffraction, Ltd
186 Mad River Park
Waitsfield, VT 05673
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 496-6640
Bob Kogut
SOCOM 10-008      Awarded: 9/3/2010
Title:Multi-Spectral Combat ID Beacon
Abstract:Diffraction LTD will develop a multi-spectral battery powered combat ID beacon. Key emitter technologies will include vacuum encapsulated photonic crystals in the MWIR and LWIR spectral bands. In Phase 1, a complete optical, electrical, and mechanical design of the beacon will be produced. A model taking into account emitter characteristics, atmospheric transmission, ambient lighting, and various detector characteristics will be built to enable simulations of the beacon to predict its range performance. Diffraction has extensive experience designing, building, and fielding combat ID beacons in the NIR, SWIR, MWIR, and LWIR portions of the spectrum. BENEFITS: The developed beacon will enable covert positive identification of U.S. forces thereby greatly reducing the chance of fratricide.

Global Military Experts Consulting and Instruction
13335 Fifteen Mile Rd Ste 135
Sterling Heights, MI 48312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(850) 376-1047
Louis M. Pochet
SOCOM 10-008      Awarded: 9/8/2010
Title:Micro Combat ID (MID)
Abstract:GMECI proposes to combine existing commercial template matching and feature extraction algorithms with existing military EOIR sensor technology, to automatically highlight in real time friendly forces on existing displays. The proposed technology, Blue force Designated Optical Templates (BlueDOTs) will allow automatic computer recognition and highlighting to discern among individual, customized location markers of the BlueDot units highlighting location of each individual A video processing block, like those employed on Lightening and Sniper pods can be modified to add the BlueDot location markers. Locatable BlueDOTs can be passive markers, or active markers to deny enemy exploitation of marker TTPs. EOIR sensors represent a significant investment for existing Intelligence/Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and Non-traditional ISR (NT-ISR) platforms. Developing a micro-combat identification (ID) system that operates with existing EOIR sensors is essential for timely transition to the battlefield. The proposed BlueDot technology will accomplish this. In recent years, commercial industry has made tremendous strides in template matching and feature extraction as seen in tools like Hugein and FLIKR. The ISR community has not taken advantage of the research and development that has been commercialized. BlueDot will integrate the best extraction template technology within the ISR community to accomplish micro-combat ID. BENEFITS: Surveillance video is currently commonly used in commercial warehouses and stockyards. Infrastructure already exists to pipe surveillance video of commercial properties to centralized locations. Video based tracking in commercial environments already equipped with video surveillance would increase security and efficiency. In shipping yards of rail heads and ports, individual containers could be tracked on both their entry/exit of the yard, but also their movement inside the stockyard. This tracking capability would simplify the process of ensuring all containers to be inspected by customs, moved into or kept out of bonded secure areas, and sensitive payloads remain in their respective sections of the dock.

QuantaSpec Inc.
PO Box 163
Essex Junction, VT 05453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 861-2728
Shaun Abraham
SOCOM 10-008      Awarded: 9/9/2010
Title:Micro Combat ID (MID)
Abstract:QuantaSpec, Inc., proposes to produce a highly efficient, compact, personnel-worn combat ID beacon visible to a large variety of overhead imaging pods. Multiple incidents of fratricide have highlighted the need for improved combat ID and Identify Friend or Foe (IFF) technology. Recent advances in emitter technology have enabled a new class of signaling device to become practical. QuantaSpec, Inc., proposes to exploit a new class of photonic crystal emitter in combination with already developed laser diode and/or LED technology to produce a micro combat ID beacon capable of fulfilling this role. Future development could provide encrypted, low-power communications. BENEFITS: This project will produce a more efficient, compact, long duration, highly visible beacon for combat ID purposes. Additional military benefits include tagging, tracking and locating, and combat search and rescue (CSAR) roles. Commercial roles include land, sea, and air search and rescue.