---------- DARPA ----------

33 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Hnu Photonics
1765 Wili Pa Loop
Wailuku, HI 96793
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 214-4699
Daniel OConnell
SB102-001      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:UV/Vis Low-Dispersion Confocal Objective
Abstract:A detailed design is proposed to compare one and two mirror, parabolic and aspheric optics to achieve high numerical aperture, high-throughput, sub-micron resolution from 200 to 800 nanometers. An optimization phase will follow for the concept(s) that best satisfy the requirements. Predicted performance will be analyzed for the selected concepts including evaluation of point spread function, modulation transfer function, and encircled energy. Tolerance analysis will be conducted to identify and evaluate fabrication and alignment issues. An option is proposed to conduct a manufacture study to assess methods to efficiently mass produce the confocal objective for commercial applications.

Alelo TLT, LLC
12910 Culver Boulevard Suite J
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 574-7500
W. Johnson
SB102-002      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Handheld Apps for Anywhere, Anytime Culture and Language Training
Abstract:We propose to develop Android-based culture and language training apps that can be used for anywhere, anytime training. The application framework will support the delivery of complete culture and language training courses for military use, and may be applied to variety of such courses. They are designed to be employed as part of integrated computer- based training suites that include Web-based and immersive game-based training, in which the handheld app contributes anywhere, anytime training flexibility as well as ongoing skill sustainment. They may also be employed as self-contained training applications. Either way they are designed to support complete courses of instruction, spanning 100 hours or more of mobile learning. Very few mobile learning applications have comparable scope. By exploiting a platform-independent authoring and convent delivery framework, we plan to develop and deliver an early version of an Android-based mobile app at accelerated speed. The application framework will incorporate learner tracking and logging infrastructure, which will facilitate analysis of use by military beta testers. We plan to revise and improve the apps based upon this data analysis, and extend the training platform with additional advanced capabilities, including automated speech recognition.

Arkham Technology
4 Venture, Suite 200
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 228-6677
Otaway Thomas
SB102-002      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:In the commercial world, corporate “road-warriors” connect to their home office servers using the RFC-2401 IPSec protocol client software installed on their PCs. Many mobile handsets have these IPSec clients built-in. The Suite B mode of HAIPE v4.2 has been closely aligned with commercial IPSec. We propose, therefore, using this client-server paradigm to develop a Suite B HAIPE client that will securely run on the Android platform to provide military-grade encryption to the warfighter.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7177
Michael Potoczny-Jones
SB102-002      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:FUSE: Inter-Application Security for Android
Abstract:Mobile applications are becoming ubiquitous, appearing in many new situations. Some of these areas have specific requirements pertaining to information flow and device functionality. However, software on these devices is currently unregulated, and there are mechanisms within the mobile operating systems that facilitate unintended and undesirable information sharing as well as granting excessive control to untrusted applications. To demonstrate this problem, we have created sample applications that exhibit unexpected capabilities in a manner that is (a) trivially implemented, (b) conforms to the advertised mechanisms for protecting such functionality, and (c) can easily go unnoticed by the user. Our proposed Field Unit Security Enforcer (FUSE) system will detect and alert the user to the presence of unintended capabilities, such as those demonstrated in the sample applications. FUSE will operate by performing a static analysis of each application's configuration and byte code before that application is installed on an Android platform.

Janya Inc.
1408 Sweet Home Road, Suite 1
Amherst, NY 14228
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 565-0401
John Chen
SB102-002      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:Timely gathering and sharing of intelligence information is vital to the efficient execution of military missions. Much of the information collected in the field is impossible to exploit quickly because it is in hardcopy form, and handwritten. A mobile application that is capable of capturing handwritten documents and quickly converting the document image to electronic text will fill a critical need. Once converted to electronic text, the information can be exploited in a number of ways including being converted by machine translation systems, processed by text analysis engines, and indexed by search engines. The goal of this project is to develop a mobile handwriting recognition system. Our approach is to combine the capabilities of modern mobile handsets with powerful backend servers to create a system that meets the needs of a modern warfighter.

Limaging, LLC
12009 Distant Thunder Trl
Clarksville, MD 21029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 728-0694
Huiping Li
SB102-002      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:MobileTran: A Handheld Sign Translation Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:When the United States military commits to operations in foreign territories, it is important for soldiers to have the ability to understand textual information they encounter accurately and in a timely manner. For this SBIR Limaging proposes to develop a document and sign translation system that can be operated by a novice user to obtain and interpret documents and signs in foreign languages, The system will be comprised of a programmable Android camera phone (Smart Phone) and software developed for text detection, recognition and translation, and a configuration and visualization interface to aid personnel deployed in foreign countries. We will demonstrate technical feasibility by investigating and evaluating two modes of operation: standalone and client/server.

LongShortWay
3 Egremont Rd
Boston, MA 02135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 953-8505
Simon Streltsov
SB102-002      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:WIDE-AREA SITUATION AWARENESS (WASA) PHONE APP BASED ON NEAR REAL-TIME SENSOR DATA AND ANALYSIS
Abstract:We propose developing a wide area situation awareness (WASA) application for android mobile phones.

mZeal Communications
166 Boulder Drive, Suite 108
Fitchburg, MA 01420
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 665-0281
Rajini Anachi
SB102-002      Awarded:2/3/2011
Title:Adaptive Multi-Media Streaming for Android (AMMSTAR)
Abstract:Use of “Smartphones” and cellular networks is becoming an increasing priority for military applications. By placing the source of information directly with the solider on the ground via a Smartphone, the vision of “every soldier a sensor” becomes attainable. mZeal proposes to facilitate this vision with the Adaptive Multi-Media Streaming for Android (AMMSTAR) system. AMMSTAR will capture photographic and video imagery on an Android Smartphone and transfer it directly to the receiver in real-time in a network adaptive manner. Based on mZeal’s highly successful Bandwidth Mediation System (BMS), AMMSTAR will monitor the cellular or WiFi link over which it is communicating, and dynamically adapt its multi-media output to adjust to the demanding bandwidth constraints posed by tactical network. It will do so by utilizing a variety of bandwidth-conserving adaptations, including frame-rate change, quality variation, gray-scale, video-only and audio-only adaptations. AMMSTAR also provides infrastructure support in the form of the Multi-Media Distribution Server (MMDS). Intended to be placed on a vehicle, the MMDS will have the capability to capture and adaptively relay media from the SmartPhone to the larger network, where it can be viewed in real-time. It will also have the ability to store images and video for later retrieval.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Mike Durrett
SB102-002      Awarded:2/23/2011
Title:Military Freefall Handheld High Altitude High Open (HAHO) Android Application
Abstract:Nanohmics Inc. proposes the development of navigation app on an Android handheld that integrates directly with the current Nanohmics military free fall navigation system (GlideLine). The proposed Android handheld will wirelessly accept a mission file generated by the jumpmaster and use this file along with internal GPS to compute and display the standard GlideLine navigation GUI. As a user available option the Android app will also be configured to wirelessly transfer the navigation image to an STS helmet mounted display. This display is see through, provides good peripheral vision and has been field tested with the GlideLine unit. This solution provides many options that can lead to an optimal system for HAHO operations. Jumpmasters equipped with General Dynamics MR1’s compute the mission file and download the file to the Android handhelds. Mission follow on applications involving the MR1 are still possible but only enough of the MR1’s required for subsequent mission operations are required: reducing cost, required battery power and weight.

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Alison Brown
SB102-002      Awarded:3/16/2011
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:With the advent of Google’s open Android development environment, it is now possible to inexpensively and rapidly develop new applications (apps) for operation on Android mobile phones. All major cellular service providers now offer Android phone options to their customers and Google maintains an open marketplace where developers can post their applications for customer download. An Apps Marketplace can also be used for rapid distribution of applications to the warfighter. NAVSYS previously developed a JLOC (GPS Jammer Location) system that is currently being widely used by warfighters to provide early detection of GPS jamming on the battlefield and situational awareness on the effect of known GPS jammers. Under this SBIR effort, we shall design and implement a prototype JLOC Android application that performs these functions and integrate this with our JLOC Server. We shall test the ability of a mobile phone to provide JLOC sensor reports using its internal GPS and will solicit warfighter feedback on the utility of the application and develop a Phase II proposal based on this feedback. Under the Phase I Option, we shall provide upgrades to our existing JLOC Server to support an initial operational capability for smart phone users through this JLOC Android application.

Orbit Logic Incorporated
7500 Greenway Center Drive Suite 1070
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 982-6232
Alex Herz
SB102-002      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:The Sibyl App: Tasking an Imaging Satellite from a Handheld Device
Abstract:For this Phase I effort, Orbit Logic Incorporated will design, develop, and test a mobile handheld application (app) that can task an imaging satellite. Orbit Logic will utilize portions of its operationally proven, high fidelity Collection Planning System (CPS) software during this Phase I effort. The Satellite Tasking app will allow users to define an area of interest (AOI) and submit a request to a satellite to collect an image of the AOI. This Satellite Tasking app will be able to function in areas with limited network connectivity. The Phase I effort will focus on defining the data requirements, designing the app and support server, and implementing and testing a preliminary version of the app and server connected to a test system of the GeoEye-1 control center satellite tasking system.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Adam Fraser
SB102-002      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Dark Droid: Securing Handheld Apps from Attack for Warfighters
Abstract:U.S. and coalition forces are increasingly becoming more technologically advanced. Technologies such as the Tactical Ground Reporting (TIGR) System and the Remote Operated Video Enhanced Receiver (ROVER) are but two technologies that use small form factor, ultra portable devices. Unfortunately, these technologies tightly couple software with specialized hardware platforms, forcing U.S. military personnel to carry multiple devices during dangerous close-contact missions. For this Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase I effort, Pikewerks Corporation will research, design, and prototype core capabilities to protect Android handheld devices and applications from tamper, reverse engineering, and exploitation. While not a specific application as the solicitation might suggest, the operational environment demands attention be paid to the threat posed to military forces and operations if a device was lost to U.S. adversaries. As the program continues, Pikewerks will fuse together the core protection barriers so they interact with each other and implement a true defense-in-depth security model.

Pulsar Informatics Inc.
3624 Market Street Suite 5E
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 520-2630
Daniel Mollicone
SB102-002      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:PVT Handheld App to Provide Warfighters with Immediate Feedback About Their Readiness to Perform
Abstract:This project will achieve a handheld app to deliver the brief, 3-minute Psychomotor Vigilance Test (PVT) to provide immediate objective feedback to warfighters (and commanding officers) about their ability to sustain attention to mission critical tasks (e.g., route clearance, IED detection). It will be based on our vigilance testing technology that has been heavily validated to be sensitive to fatigue. Objective feedback about vigilance is critically needed because fatigue stressors (e.g., night work, sleep loss, jet lag, extended duty hours) common in military settings are associated with behavioral risks that include increased operational errors, injuries, interpersonal conflicts, and risk taking. Scientific research indicates that there are large “trait-like” differences in an individual’s vulnerability to fatigue stressors and that vulnerable individuals systematically underestimate the degree of cognitive impairment under fatiguing conditions. We have already deployed laptop-based prototype versions of the brief PVT in military settings (e.g., Afghanistan) and other extreme operations (e.g., undersea research, arctic, International Space Station). Making the brief PVT available to warfighters on a networked handheld device will provide an accessible, critically needed, operational tool to aid commanding officers in making more effective duty schedules. It will also aid warfighters in selecting effective fatigue countermeasures (e.g., caffeine).

Remcom Inc.
315 S. Allen St. Suite 222
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-1299
Ronald Eichenlaub
SB102-002      Awarded:3/15/2011
Title:Handheld RF Propagation Simulation App for Warfighters
Abstract:The objective of this topic is to rapidly and efficiently develop mobile applications (apps) for handheld devices and to demonstrate their utility in a number of military domains. Remcom proposes to develop within the TIGR environment a handheld app for the Android device that will provide real time mapping of various RF propagation (communications) performance parameters in urban, rural and littoral environments for fixed and mobile assets. The app will provide maps of communications/jammer coverage and link analysis to known remote assets from the user’s location. The app will update periodically based on movement or planned routes and the user will be able to toggle views. The app will leverage compass and GPS inputs and provide location-sensitive and heading-sensitive map data containing overlays of various real time data in the form of color-coded regions and icons. The objectives of Phase I are: assess the Android platform for EM modeling performance; research the requirements, capabilities and API of the TIGR environment; determine the required client/server architecture; determine the mix of C++ and Java modules needed to support the application; create a design for the non-TIGR version of the app; create a preliminary design for integration into TIGR; and implement and test the non-TIGR prototype app. Phase I option objectives are: produce a final design of a prototype TIGR version of the app; and begin integration of the RF propagation app into TIGR.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 302-4532
Jeremy Ludwig
SB102-002      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:A General Framework for Developing Military Training Apps on Android Devices
Abstract:Hand held applications (apps), such as those run on Android and iPhone devices, have the possibility of revolutionizing military training by increasing the availability and engagement of training material. Training on relatively inexpensive mobile devices is inherently available to users – they can easily take it everywhere they go. Another advantage of mobile training devices is that they are well-suited to delivering game-based training which holds the promise of improving user engagement. We propose to create a general framework for deploying Android training apps for military applications. The framework will be able to make use of existing content for efficient and effective use of resources and will leverage intelligent tutoring system technology to provide stand-alone instruction.

SySense Corporation
1960 E Grand Ave STE 1070
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 322-7973
Gregory Glenn
SB102-002      Awarded:3/17/2011
Title:A Handheld Application for Remote Geo-Tagging
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate a mobile application capable of determining the location of a remote target. When a photo is taken with a GPS-enabled camera, the GPS location of the actual camera is appended to the photo in a process known as Geo-Tagging. Remote Geo-Tagging (RGT) differs from this process in that RGT determines the coordinates of a target within the picture as opposed to the location from where the picture was taken, only using the embedded sensors within a smartphone. This allows a user to determine the GPS coordinates of a target without the need for single-purpose ranging equipment, referencing the target on a map, or needing to physically travel to the object with a GPS receiver. As conceived, the RGT application will be especially effective in homogenous environments, lacking in landmarks or other identifying features that can be referenced on a map. RGT has the potential to increase the accuracy of intelligence gathering and field reporting systems without the addition of major hardware, software, or other resources. In the commercial realm, RGT would enhance the social networking experience by making it easier to share the location of interesting objects, such as climbable rock faces.

TICOM Geomatics, Inc.
9130 Jollyville Road Suite 300
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 610-8395
Ramon Acosta
SB102-002      Awarded:2/23/2011
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:Tactical Counter-insurgency (COIN), counter-terrorism, and anti-piracy operations require a combination of human and machine-based ISR collections to be accelerated through the Processing, Exploitation, and Dissemination (PED) processes to support rapid kill chain. GeoTRAC (Geolocation and Tactical Reconnaissance Application for COIN) will demonstrate a handheld warfighter application enabling units conducting SIGINT operations to intercept RF threat emitters, remotely task geolocation services to locate the emitter, cross-cue full-motion video (FMV) sensors onboard UAS to stream video of the target, retrieve audio from remote RF sensors and prepare multi-INT collection reports for unit- level action and higher echelon reporting. Optionally, GeoTRAC will demonstrate peer-to- peer collaboration enabling audio distribution and remote translation services. GeoTRAC offers rapid transition opportunities by augmenting existing tactical geolocation services including Navy Hostile forces Integrated Targeting Service (HITS), SOCOM Joint Threat Warning System (JTWS), Marine Corps RAPTOR (undergoing forward-deployed evaluation for transition to Team Portable Collection System [TPCS]), and classified Army systems. Related developments in mobile tactical cellular infrastructure for swarm communications provide the basis for transition of GeoTRAC handheld devices. Rapid integration with existing SIGINT operators already leveraging PC-based networked applications provides a cadre of end-users for field utility evaluations, application development inputs, and CONOP development for rapid transition opportunities.

TRX Systems, Inc.
7500 Greenway Center Drive, Suite 820
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 313-0053
Carol Politi
SB102-002      Awarded:10/5/2010
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:As military operations move to urban, cavernous, foliage covered or indoor environments, position navigation and time information becomes more difficult and in some cases impossible to deduce from GPS signals alone. Under the proposed effort TRX will develop and implement an Android-based application that delivers GPS-denied navigation and mapping for tactical battlefield use. The TRX application will be run on a standard Android platform (e.g., Nexus One, EVO) and will leverage a waist-worn tracking unit and navigation algorithms that incorporates inertial, magnetometer, pressure, GPS, WiFi, and cellular derived information to present accurate GPS-denied location. The application will deliver GPS-denied (e.g., indoors, underground, urban canyon) positioning information on the handheld, provide a handheld GUI that will show personnel their 3D location, and will make 3D maps of the areas dismounted soldiers traverse as they travel. The cell phone data channel will be used for communications back to an optional server-based application that, when available, will enhance accuracy and deliver situational awareness for a commanding officer (including delivery of personnel status such as crawling, motionless, etc.). TRX will develop and deliver an API to make the GPS-denied tracking, location, and mapping information available for integration into existing GPS tracking and mapping applications.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
David Liptak
SB102-002      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:An Android based solution for presenting the Radio Telephone Operator (RTO) with a graphical view of the radio frequency (RF) field intensity distribution in urban environments is proposed. The field distribution is presented as a semi-transparent overlay to a satellite image. The solution will provide the RTO with a tool for selecting the best transmitter location based on knowledge of nearby RF “hotspots”, or areas of relatively high field intensity. The field distribution will be computed on a remote server and the results relayed to the Android client using a connection oriented socket. All data exchange between client and server will be structured as XML. The Google Maps Library will be leveraged for map access and navigation and the location services available with the Android SDK will be used for determining the operator location and bearing. A generic framework for generating map overlays from remote data streams will be developed in order to accommodate alternative applications such as disseminating a patrol base fire plan or illustrating actions at the objective. A usability study will be performed to assess the effectiveness of the user interface and explore options for improvement.

Vcom3D, Inc.(formerly Seamless Solutions, Inc.)
11474 Corporate Blvd. Suite 140
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 737-7309
Edward Sims
SB102-002      Awarded:11/5/2010
Title:Handheld Apps for Cross-Cultural Training
Abstract:For this SBIR project, Vcom3D proposes to develop a mobile app that provides both training and a performance aid for interacting with a foreign culture. The app will provide experiential learning in the form of immersion into a 3D interactive scenario, in which the user can observe, meet, build a rapport with, and negotiate with persons of a non-Western culture. We propose to develop an application for West African culture. However, by creating a modular architecture, we will provide a run-time framework and authoring tools that can be used to develop instructional content for any culture. Very importantly, the app will use Vcom3D's Plug-and-Play Communicating Avatar (PPCA) architecture for cross-platform compatibility with Android, iPhone/iPod, and PC.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 500
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Neal Checka
SB102-002      Awarded:3/2/2011
Title:Handheld Apps for Warfighters
Abstract:The need for obtaining real-time spatial and environmental awareness has driven the development and subsequent deployment of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs). Current UGV operator control units (OCUs) lag behind advances in unmanned vehicle technologies and remain bulky, heavy, unintuitive, and power-hungry. Additionally, these systems are "stovepiped" in that they are developed for only a particular mission and a single robot, significantly restricting flexible use of robots across a variety of missions. Vecna Technologies, Inc. proposes the development of an advanced mobile OCU that leverages the built-in sensors and flexible hardware of hand-held devices such as smartphones running Google's Android platform. Instead of mapping control scheme to unintuitive buttons, control will be multimodal. For example, driving control will utilize the built in accelerometers to enable control similar to that of the Nintendo Wii. Waypoint navigation will use the built in GPS localization and built in camera to designate target locations. Gesture based controls that also use the accelerometers will enable hands-free commands. Vecna's OCU, being primarily software based, will be applicable to a large range of missions through its modular design; if additional capabilities for command modules are needed, the operator can receive updates in the field or add more control modules. Intelligence and context information will be shared not just between operators but with mission planners far from the battlefield, enabling cohesive, shared situational awareness.

Silicon Technologies, Inc.
1599 Big Var Way
Riverton, UT 84065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 891-8785
Kent Smith
SB102-003      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Design Tools For Highly Regular Circuit Geometries
Abstract:Silicon Technologies, Inc. proposes to revolutionize Semiconductor Deep sub micron design capabilities by creating a new design tool called PLUG (Physical Logic Using Gratings). PLUG will be used to design analog and digital systems at 45 nanometers and below that will improve the productivity of designers while using the highly regular manufacturing techniques where the interconnect is done using cutting and stitching of the gratings. PLUG design is innovative and saves multiple steps in the process of design. It starts from the physical layout and simultaneously produces the schematic in one step which differs from traditional design approaches where the design starts with the schematic and produces the layout after multiple steps. PLUG will contain a set of building blocks that have previously been laid out with predefined wiring and FILL. Software will be developed to allow a designer to place and route the schematics while simultaneously creating the layout. The software tools will also extract all stray elements which are added to the circuit as a result of interconnect, interaction between circuit elements and for FILL introduced by the manufacture. This extraction will allow the designer to view circuit waveforms as the design progresses.

systemIC
2527 S Grandview Ave
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 540-1349
Aykut Dengi
SB102-003      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Design Tools For Highly Regular Circuit Geometries
Abstract:We propose to develop a comprehensive mixed-signal design solution with an IP infrastructure, design methodology and design automation tools to enable the use of regular fabrics and mask re-use. The IP infrastructure will consist of metal-reconfigurable analog/RF templates built on top of the existing PDF Solutions’ pdBrixTM solution. The design methodology will allow designers to achieve performance on par with custom mixed- signal design at a fraction of the mask and NRE cost. The design tools will integrate the IP infrastructure into the existing Electronic Design Automation (EDA) framework and provide some missing functionality for maximum mask re-use.

Tela Innovations, Inc.
485 Alberto Way Suite 115
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 558-6321
Michael Smayling
SB102-003      Awarded:12/8/2010
Title:Design Tools For Tela Canvas Highly Regular Circuit Geometries
Abstract:The Tela Canvas 1D gridded design style will be applied to logic standard cell and SRAM designs. EDA tools to support the design will be developed, and representative layouts will be created using these tools.

Graphene Materials LLC
4012 Pinckney Street
Austin, TX 78723
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 232-5948
Richard Piner
SB102-004      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:New Manufacturing Methods for Producing Large Area Graphene Foil
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR project for DARPA, Graphene Materials of Austin, Texas, will design and develop new methods of manufacturing high quality monolayer and multilayer ‘graphene foil’. The objective is to enable the production of high quality large area graphene foils for a variety of applications in nanoelectronics, thermal management, and in micro and nanoscale electro-mechanical systems. In Phase I we will build and test a new system to demonstrate the feasibility of growing single layer and multi-layer graphene as well as ultrathin graphite materials of arbitrarily large lateral dimensions. The proposed effort will offer much improved control over reaction conditions, exploit rapid heating and cooling, and will be tightly focused on methods that are scalable to large size. The metal substrate (that the graphene/ultrathin graphite will be deposited on) will be heated by RF heating. The results of Phase I will determine the best method to scale up production of graphene to large scale, which would be defined as square meters or larger. It will allow the design and construction, in Phase II, of a prototype reactor for this purpose. The goal is to aggressively target scaling for roll-to- roll (R2R) manufacturing of graphene and multilayer graphene foils.

Group 4 Development, LLC
3024 Hamilton Street
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 430-7937
Michael Capano
SB102-004      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Graphene synthesis on large-area silicon wafers suitable for manufacture
Abstract:This proposal investigates methods for graphene synthesis on Si (001) orientated substrates to enable high-volume production of graphene transistors and circuits. The proposed approach to generate a surface with the proper symmetry for graphene epitaxy is to deposit symmetry transformation layers (STL) of hexagonal-symmetry materials onto Si (001) substrates that will either facilitate the direct growth of graphene by physical vapor deposition methods, or the deposition of buffer layers upon which graphene is grown. A prototype deposition system is used in Phase I as a proof-of-concept instrument. All proposed processes are executed at temperatures of 1150 C or below so as to be compatible with existing Si technology. The proposed approach is innovative because it concentrates solely on the use of deposited layers, requires no smart cutting steps, and is suitable for manufacture. Phase I objectives are to (1) demonstrate graphene growth on Si (001) wafers, (2) demonstrate a functional symmetry transformation layer and, (3) establish conditions for graphene synthesis that will be applied in a larger deposition system for Phase II research and development. The Phase II objective is to grow graphene on 200 mm diameter Si (001) wafers that can serve as a commercial graphene materials product.

Applied Radar, Inc.
210 Airport Street Quonset Point
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
William Weedon
SB102-005      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:Open System Manufacturing of Large Sensing/Weapons Platforms
Abstract:In order to maintain our nation’s technological superiority on air, sea and land, we must respond quicker to emerging threats and reduce the cost of major sensing platforms. Every DoD platform developed nowadays contains at least one sensor, whether it be RF, EO/IR, or acoustic. In fact, in a lot of recent developments, the platform is built around the sensor and exists only to support the sensor and possibly a weapon. This is certainly evident in the proliferation of unmanned vehicles. In the conventional defense acquisition paradigm, the entire sensing/weapons platform is developed by a single prime contractor with proprietary interfaces. In order to reduce cost and speed up development to respond to emerging threats, a new defense acquisitions and manufacturing process is needed that is more closely aligned with low-cost commercial processes and practices. We propose an approach that (1) utilizes open architectures for both hardware and software; (2) employs re-usable sub-assembly building blocks; (3) takes advantage of a software-defined architecture to maintain flexibility. This new manufacturing paradigm will be formalized in Phase 1, and demonstrated in a large-scale phased-array radar system platform application in Phase 2.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4509
Daniel Metrey
SB102-005      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Rapid Manufacturing of Composite Hardware with Additive Fabrication
Abstract:Composite materials, with their high strength to weight ratios, manipulative properties, and corrosion resistance are now widely utilized throughout the military. High performance composites are required for air, sea, and land platforms. One of the drawbacks of these composite systems is the excessive costs and time required for part manufacturing. Manufacturing of large-scale parts typically require expensive tooling, such as molds, and an excessive learning curve for manufacturing personnel. These issues are exasperated when a prototype is desired for evaluation or a low number of parts are required. Part redesign is also problematic, as even slight modifications can require new or refitted tooling. Often these considerations are enough to limit or bar the use of advanced composite materials, preventing optimal performance or improved capabilities. To solve this problem, Luna Innovations will leverage advanced gel on-demand resin technologies with modified additive fabrication techniques to develop a revolutionary, automated composite manufacturing process capable of producing large-scale composite hardware. This process will be capable of rapidly producing complete composite parts directly from Computer-Aided Design file input, without the need of expensive tooling or excessive labor costs.

Manufacturing Laboratories, Inc.
889 South Rainbow Blvd. PMB 690
Las Vegas, NV 89145
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 231-0329
Bethany Woody
SB102-005      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Dynamic Error Measurement for Large Machine Tools
Abstract:Existing machine tool metrology methods measure the quasistatic errors of a machine tool and, thus, evaluate its static positioning accuracy. Yet machine tools are dynamic, they do not stop and pause in an effort to reach a programmed position. Additionally, current techniques do not identify all of the errors, many of which significantly impact the volumetric accuracy of the machine. Almost immediately once the machine is in use, the errors arising from thermal conditions, dynamic motions, and process loads overpower the alignment efforts. Therefore, at this time there is a large and growing need for real-time measurement of the performance of multi-axis machines at typical operational feeds and speeds on trajectories that are representative of actual parts. The goal of this feasibility study is to assess the capability of laser trackers to serve as a dynamic metrology device. To do this we will quantify the current capabilities and limitations of laser trackers, how these affect its functionality in the intended application, and outline next step for addressing these issues and making laser trackers more suited for real-time dynamic tracking of machine tool errors.

Manufacturing Laboratories, Inc.
889 South Rainbow Blvd. PMB 690
Las Vegas, NV 89145
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 869-0836
Thomas Delio
SB102-005      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Machine Tool Genome Project
Abstract:This project describes research that will lead to the commercialization of the Tool Dashboard, a new technique for pre-process milling parameter selection. In this approach, dynamic models of the cutting tool and holder will be analytically coupled to spindle-machine measurements to predict the tool point dynamics. Given this information, stability lobe diagrams, which display stable and unstable cutting zones as a function of the axial depth of cut and spindle speed, will be constructed. This information will then be used to develop the user-friendly Tool Dashboard interface for parameter selection. By removing the current necessity for a separate measurement of each tool-holder-spindle-machine assembly, the requirements for significant measurement time, specialized measurement equipment, and trained personnel will be eliminated. This method leads to a commercially-viable approach where the spindle-machine dynamics are identified once, archived, and then used to predict the tool point dynamics for any tool-holder combination (analogous to the Human Genome Project that mapped the genes responsible for characteristics of the body). By this approach, users without measurement capabilities or knowledge of structural dynamics/chatter theory can take advantage of the substantial productivity increases and "first part correct" fabrication made possible through pre-process consideration of the milling process dynamics.

nScrypt, Inc.
12151 Research Pkwy. Suite 150
Orlando, FL 32826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 275-4720
Kenneth Church
SB102-005      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Dual Use 3Df Cyber Manufacturing
Abstract:The nScrypt/UTEP team proposes to develop a revolutionary 3Df monolithic cyber manufacturing process that holds great promise for transforming printed manufacturing. This new approach of cyber manufacturing leverages and pushes the limits of graphical design and digital additive manufacturing. We are truly in the digital age in which the youth are savvy with digital technology. Through the latest iPod to the most advanced cyber gaming, the youth in the U.S. can visualize in 3D, move through virtual space and manage communication and data all through the latest digital gadget. These are the next generation designers and manufacturers. A cyber design and manufacturing system is well suited for the generation to follow. The 3Df manufacturing system will fabricate based on the mission requirements of the customer. Since this technology will be cyber based, the design can occur in one location while the manufacturing can occur elsewhere. Ideally, this capability enables the DoD to build anywhere, build anytime and build anything.

Phoenix Integration
1715 Pratt Drive Suite 2000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
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(540) 961-7215
Scott Ragon
SB102-005      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:An Integrated Model Based System Development Capability for Integrating Architecture Design, Analysis, and Verification of Large Scale Complex Systems
Abstract:In the defense industry today, high level SysML system models are used by engineers beginning early in the design process to functionally decompose the system being designed and to flow down requirements to sub-systems and components. Despite their usefulness, these system models are by and large descriptive models and not analytical (executable) models. In contrast, domain level engineers (structural engineers, software engineers, aerodynamicists, manufacturing engineers, cost analysts, etc.) routinely use a wide variety of sophisticated engineering analysis tools to analyze and design the subsystems and components that define the system. Unfortunately, these analysis tools are disconnected from the system model and can’t easily be used to predict performance or make important system level trade-offs. In this project, an integrated toolset will be developed that bridges the gap between systems modeling languages such SysML and commonly used engineering analysis tools. This will enable the performance of architectural, performance, manufacturability, cost, and risk trade-off studies very early in the design process where impacts on lifecycle costs are the greatest. It will also allow the design team to rapidly respond to inevitable changes in requirements and give them the ability to perform continuous analysis, simulation, and trade-studies throughout the design process.

STEP Tools, Inc.
14 First Street
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 687-2848
David Loffredo
SB102-005      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Revolutionary Advances in Large-Scale Manufacturing in Quantities of One
Abstract:The National Simulation Service will be easy to use, universally available simulator for manufacturing processes. The service will show how products are manufactured using different machines, different cutting tools and different fixtures. The service will allow changes to be made to a product, its process and its resources until it is deemed correct by the user. The service will be freely available over the network and will be paid for by the manufacturing community when it makes the product.