DoD SBIR FY10.2 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - CBD - DARPA - DMEA - DTRA - OSD

---------- ARMY ----------

216 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
BHTechnology, LLC
400 Rella Blvd suite 110
Suffern, NY 10901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
Aron Kian
A10-033      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Non-Metallic/Metallic Debris Sensor
Abstract:A novel transducer is proposed for the measurement of oil debris for both metallic and non- metallic particles. The transducer is compact, lightweight, and easily cleaned. The sensor operates at 350F, counts the debris particles, estimates the total mass of the debris, and indicates the debris composition.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Naumov
A10-033      Awarded:10/20/2010
Title:In-Line Electro-Sieve Oil Debris Analyzer
Abstract:To address the Army need for nonmetallic/metallic oil debris monitoring sensors for use on rotorcraft transmissions and turboshaft engines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new in line Electro-Sieve Oil Debris Analyzer (ESODA). ESODA is based on an innovative sensor concept using dielectric properties to reliably identify the debris material. The three dimensional (3D) size measurements are precisely performed by a 3D electrical sieve with different mesh sizes. The novel use of an oil centrifuge inlet dramatically increases sensor sensitivity by directing debris into the sensor electrical field. As a result, ESODA offers reliable monitoring for both nonmetallic and metallic debris and supports improved aircraft safety and scheduling of oil samples based on indicated need versus time usage which are objectives for PEO Aviation. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ESODA prototype, accurately identifying material and measuring 3D sizes of specially prepared debris in a turbine engine oil sample. The Phase I prototype will be tested in an oil debris sensor flow test rig. In Phase II, POC plans to develop the full-scale device to demonstrate ESODA operation in a relevant environment, integrating with the aircraft’s Health and Usage Monitoring Systems to predict bearing health.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Adam Grisdale
A10-034      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Electroless Nickel-Boron Coating for Enhanced Engine Performance
Abstract:Current engines used in UAV’s are useful but they are lacking in efficiency and power. A significant amount of power and efficiency loss can be traced back to losses found in the combustion chamber/hot section of the engine. The best solution is one that does not require extensive fabrication to the existing combustion chamber. It is highly unlikely that a new material will provide the bulk and surface properties required without significantly compromising functionality or cost. Mainstream believes that a Nickel Boron (Ni-B) coating is the most practical solution, because it performs just as well or better than other coatings but it is not harmful to the environment. Mainstream has identified an existing technology that can improve wear resistance, durability, piston ring blow-by, and reduce friction for components when it is applied. Mainstream will demonstrate this enhancement for various engine components in Phase I. In Phase II, Mainstream will propose to operate the enhanced engine components in a full-scale prototype. Mainstream’s innovative technology will not only be useful for the performance of Army UAV’s but also for commercial engines, turbines, and other components that would benefit from reduced friction and wear.

Patrick Power Products, Inc
6679-C Santa Barbara Road
Elkridge, MD 21075
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 796-6100
Mike Griffith
A10-034      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Engine Innovative and Durable Sealing Techniques for Increased Power and Efficiency
Abstract:Technical Abstract Rotary engines, due to their inherently high power density, have become popular as Unmanned Arial Vehicle (UAV) propulsion systems. Their high specific power places abnormally high loads on critical components. The apex seal is universally recognized as critical to sealing the high combustion pressures and vulnerable to wear at high speeds. Patpower has 14 years of experience developing the heavy fuel variant of the rotary engine and is very aware of the severity of the apex seal operating conditions. The PatPower engines use “conventional” apex seals that are an industry standard but we are aware of the seal’s limitations and have conceived of a potential improvement. The opportunity to implement the improved apex seal has been inhibited by the scope of work required to validate its benefits. This proposal seeks funding to accomplish that work.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
A10-035      Awarded:10/18/2010
Title:Fatigue Resistant Martensitic Steel for Rotorcraft Drive Train Components
Abstract:Under this SBIR program, QuesTek proposes to develop novel thermo-mechanical processing techniques to enhance the bending and contact fatigue resistance of high strength secondary hardening matensitic steels such as Ferrium® C64 for rotorcraft drive train components. A systems-engineering approach will be followed to identify key microstructure attributes (e.g., nonmetallic inclusions) controlling the mean and minimum fatigue resistance of the aforementioned steels. From this analysis, QuesTek will optimize the thermomechanical processing of the alloy to reduce the fatigue potency of the microstructure features in service. As the leading alloy designer of advanced gear steels, QuesTek possesses in-depth knowledge of high strength martensitic steels and will leverage its in-house modeling schemes to devise and optimize the modified process route to achieve enhanced fatigue resistance without compromising on other critical properties such as fracture toughness and strength. In Phase I of this SBIR program, the goal will be to establish key property objectives and process parameters for the selected martensitic steels and demonstrate the feasibility of the novel thermo-mechanical processing technique to enhance fatigue resistance using coupon-scale bending fatigue tests on Ferrium® C64. The envisioned process will be complementary with other fatigue-enhancing processes such as peening.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Bradley Short
A10-036      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Miniature Flash LIDAR for Helicopter UAV Obstacle Field Navigation and Landing Site Selection in Complex Urban Environments
Abstract:Advanced Scientific Concept's (ASC) eye-safe 3D Flash LIDAR™ cameras provide a breakthrough in 6DOF computations for UAS control systems. This 3D array technology has allowed ASC to produce compact non-mechanical LIDAR cameras that collect full frame 3D point clouds in a single FLASH (Flash LIDAR). 3D Flash LIDAR Cameras (FLC) can output frames of 128x128 3D point clouds in real-time (20Hz) making them a robust solution for flight-critical obstacle field navigation systems. The three dimensional "framing camera" nature of Flash LIDAR systems, and the corresponding real-time data output of the surrounding terrain allows for detection of dynamic hazards making this unique camera ideal as a hazard avoidance, landing and navigation aid in cluttered urban environments. ASC Flash LIDAR cameras can provide direct, real-time altitude measurements for the aircraft during descent as well as provide surface relative velocity and orientation, while simultaneously mapping the topography of the terrain below. ASC’s cameras have no moving parts, are robust, light weight (<3 lbs), compact (4.5"x4.5"x4"), low power sensors.

TetraVue, Inc
663 S Rancho Santa Fe Rd #316
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 243-0700
Paul Banks
A10-036      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Miniature Flash LIDAR for Helicopter UAV Obstacle Field Navigation and Landing Site Selection in Complex Urban Environments
Abstract:There is a great need for the ability to quickly acquire 3D coordinate and image data in real- time for many applications. Current technologies such as 3D scanners or flash LADAR have limitations that have prevented cost-effective solutions, particularly for robotic and UAV applications where cost, size, and power draws are significant factors. As part of this SBIR Phase I, TetraVue will demonstrate a new high resolution camera technology that can achieve meter-class range resolution at distances up to 200 m and 10 cm-class range resolution at 30 m distance. This system will provide this performance over a 90 degree FOV with imagery and coordinate measurements, using a low cost, 640 x 512 sensor array. TetraVue’s technology provides a straightforward path to a high resolution, lightweight, low cost solution for use in 3D terrain mapping for autonomous rotorcraft.

Colorado Engineering Inc.
1310 United Heights Suite 105
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Lawrence Scally
A10-037      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Navigation Assist THz Imaging Radar (NATIR)
Abstract:Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI), with its teammates, University of Colorado and Boeing, proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, Electromagnetics (EM) modeling, antenna design, advanced processing architectures, and radar signal processing algorithms to research, identify, and architect a short range THz imaging radar for aircraft navigation. The “THz-gap” extends from the 100GHz Millimeter Wave (MMW) frequencies to the far infrared 10 THz frequency. This band of the EM spectrum is unique in that the absorption primarily due to water molecules is significant. For this reason, there has not been a lot of development of THz technologies beyond very short range: test / measurement equipment spectroscopy equipment and recently airport scanners. The team is architecting a Navigation Assist THz Imaging Radar (NATIR) for Army aircraft applications.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(123) 359-2325
Dennis Jones
A10-037      Awarded:10/20/2010
Title:Active Terahertz Imager for Covert Navigation Assist
Abstract:Mustang's Active Covert Terahertz Imager (ACTI) uses simple, low risk, antenna and transceiver hardware based on our Sub-millimeter Wave Imaging Fuze Technology (SWIFT) program. ACTI is specifically designed to generate and evaluate images in the terahertz frequency range and to establish the applicability of this technology in solving the brownout problem.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Richard Martin
A10-037      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Active Terahertz Imager for Covert Navigation Assist
Abstract:The global war on terror has dramatically changed the environment in which today's warfighter operates. Many of the locations in theater require moving troops and equipment into areas with unimproved landing zones. Loss of situational awareness in degraded visual environments is one of the largest threats to rotary wing aircraft operating in these areas. Phase Sensitive Innovations has built a passive millimeter wave distributed aperture imaging (DAI) system operating that can image at 10 fps without any moving parts. The frequency of operation (and resultant resolution) of this system is currently limited by the practical availability of low noise amplifiers. We propose building a real time active "see-through" imaging system operating above 100 GHz leveraging the distributed aperture with optical up-conversion approach used in previous imagers. This system would use a broad band antenna design coupled with multiple active sources to tune the dust penetration (and covertness) and resolution for the situation, as well as mitigate coherent effects such as speckle. The DAI advantages of thin, lightweight, and conformable would allow for easier integration onto the aircraft. Finally, the optical upconversion allows for video rate capture of the THz scene on a standard near IR camera.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8826
James Justice
A10-039      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Advanced Modular Payload for Small Unmanned Air Systems
Abstract:Enhancing the mission capabilities of sensors based on small UAS requires both the exploitation of advanced passive and active sensor technologies and the development of a new, modular system architecture paradigm. Characteristics of Irvine Sensors Corporation’s proposed modular sensor concept includes a choice of VNIR, SWIR, or thermal imaging combined with SWIR 3D LIDAR Imaging to enhance resolution, sensitivity, target classification and tracking capabilities, as well as improve system level performance to enhance geo-location, handover, and targeting. These capabilities are encompassed in an advanced payload design capable of deployment on a broad spectrum of small UAS.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Scott A. McNally
A10-039      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Effects Delivery (EffecDiv) Payloads for Small Unmanned Air Vehicles
Abstract:In recent years, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become a key component in the Army’s intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) infrastructure. Small, hand- launchable UAVs in particular are a key component as they allow individual units to gather critical information from safe operational distances. However, the limited size, weight, and power (SWaP) resources of small UAVs has led to a disparity in capabilities between them and the larger UAVs controlled at the Brigade or higher echelon. In order to bridge this capabilities gap, Toyon proposes to develop an EffectDiv (Effects Delivery) device. This modular, self-contained payload will extend small UAV capabilities beyond the current simple payloads by integrating video processing for target detection and tracking, automated routing algorithms to search, detect, and track targets, a Patent Pending GPS attitude (GPS/A) sensor for high accuracy geo-location, and H.264 for high definition (HD) video compression. These capabilities will enable the user to rapidly detect, geo-locate, and track targets of interest. They can then hand-off target information to the unit effects network to support collaborative target engagement and effects delivery. This will be implemented on a heterogeneous computing platform, employing a mixture of both FPGAs and processors, to minimize the system’s SWaP. The payload will implement standards-based interfaces and protocols to maximize inter-operability with existing systems and networks.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Timothy Strand
A10-040      Awarded:12/8/2010
Title:Ladar-Based Closed-Loop Fire Control System for Small-Diameter Weapons
Abstract:Aerius Photonics and our program partners propose to develop a closed-loop fire control system for small-diameter weapons that incorporates a flash ladar sensor into an existing ballistic-computing rifle sight sensor suite. The ladar sensor will use a burst of single ranging laser pulses to image the field of view and collect 3-D snapshots of the scene similar to a conventional camera and flash, hence the name FLASH ladar. The sensor-based ballistic computing rifle sight will provide an aimpoint for the initial shot based purely on ballistics calculations. The ladar system will then detect the trajectory of a fired projectile in order to calculate the miss distance and update the aimpoint for increased accuracy on subsequent shots. Aerius’ program team includes companies experienced with Ladar systems and ballistic-computing algorithms and fielded military weapon sights.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Charles Jacobus
A10-040      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Closed-Loop Fire Control (CLFC) for Small Caliber Weapons
Abstract:A good method for improving the survivability of soldiers on the ground is to help ensure that threats can be eliminated quickly before posing a significant threat. One way to accomplish this is to ensure that shots fired by soldiers hit targets quickly and efficiently. A soldier’s preference is to impact the target with the first shot. However, there is a complex set of factors that dictate where a bullet will impact and these cannot always be effectively predicted by the soldier. There is a need for a system that can track fired shots, identify the amount of error in the shot (that is the distance between the bullet and the target), calculate a new aim point, and display this aim point for the soldier. Cybernet proposes to leverage our extensive experience with the development and application of LADAR systems, electronic sensor development, sensor data processing, and visualization displays to develop a LADAR based system that can serve as a closed-loop fire control (CLFC) system for small caliber weapons.

Aspen Systems, Inc.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Somesh k Mukherjee
A10-041      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Novel Multifunctional Lightweight Nanocomposites
Abstract:Nanocomposites, the integration of nanomaterials into metals, polymers and ceramics, are an area of intense interest to the Army for the design of next generation lightweight structures with enhanced properties and multifunctional capabilities. Aspen Systems Inc. proposes to develop a new class of lightweight, ultrahigh strength and ductile nanograin aluminum alloy-CNT hybrid composite with radio frequency electromagnetic interference (RF/EMI) shielding in bulk form suitable for Army’s future lightweight, multifunctional structural material design program. The hybrid composite will be suitably designed to include amorphous/nanophase matrix with coherent nanophase dispersion particles embedded in the matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNT) reinforcement in order to attain the high strength, desired ductility and added functionality such as RF/EMI shielding. In Phase I, Aspen systems will utilize a special gas atomization technique to produce a grain size of 20- 45 nm range of the selected alloy systems followed by a novel low temperature consolidation technique to produce amorphous/nanograin based composite material structure consisting of nanophase/amorphous Al matrix with suitably chosen coherent dispersion particles and CNT reinforcement. Suitable optimization of the process parameters for nanophase powder production and rapid consolidation will be identified and extensive mechanical testing and analysis will be conducted to establish structure-property relationship of the material. During Phase II program, we will scale-up this process to develop and demonstrate this successful cost effective technology for mass production with proven optimized process parameters based on Phase I data to produce a prototype large nano-Al alloy-CNT composite sheet and billet with superior properties

EIC Laboratories, Inc.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Stuart F. Cogan
A10-041      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Nano-reinforced Low Density Structural Composites
Abstract:The development of a nano-reinforced metal matrix composite as a low-density, high- strength, replacement for existing metal alloys and composites used in lightweight structures, vehicles, and advanced weapons systems is proposed. The composites are expected to have exceptional mechanical properties that derive from the use of a nano- structured reinforcing phase. In Phase I, aluminum matrix composites will be fabricated and tested as part of a proof-of-concept demonstration. The physical properties expected for the aluminum matrix composites are the following: tensile strength 700 MPa (~100 ksi); elongation to failure >5%; compressive strength 1100 MPa (~160 ksi); density 1.5-2 g/cm3 (~90-125 lb/ft3). These mechanical properties will be achieved through innovations in nano- materials design and fabrication methods that promote high tensile and compressive mechanical strength and stiffness in composites with exceptionally low density. The Phase I program is a collaborative effort between EIC Laboratories and a company with appropriate composite manufacturing capabilities. In Phase II, the fabrication technology would be scaled-up using a near-net-shape process to produce components for Army applications. An extensive characterization and optimization of the composite structure-property relations and evaluation of toughness, corrosion resistance, and shielding properties would also be conducted.

ARES, Inc.
818 Front Street Lake Erie Business Park
Port Clinton, OH 43452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 635-2175
Drew Kertis
A10-042      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Cross-compatible cartridge case for orthodox or rarefaction wave gun firing
Abstract:RAVEN technology weapons vent a significant portion of the propellant gases rearward. Therefore the ammunition must allow the gun gases to leave the chamber at the proper time. This is in complete contrast to conventional weapons where the ammunition provides the breech seal during the entire ballistic cycle. As such, the technologies are incompatible and separate supply logistics must be maintained. The cartridge case concepts work together with the RAVEN weapon to control vent timing which is the most important aspect of RAVEN technology. Further, the cartridge case will be compatible with existing weapons based on conventional ammunition design. As such, the new cartridge case will be used in both venting RAVEN weapons and conventional non-venting weapons.

Veritay Technology, Inc.
4845 Millersport Highway P.O. Box 305
East Amherst, NY 14051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 689-0177
Todd Cloutier
A10-042      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Cross-compatible cartridge case for orthodox or rarefaction wave gun firing
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, Veritay will research, design, develop and demonstrate a cartridge case that enables blowback venting when the cartridge is fired in a rarefaction wave gun (RAVEN), and will function normally when fired in a conventional closed-breech gun. To accomplish this goal, a case design that allows the chamber to vent through the breech will be developed. Also, though not a primary objective, some design effort must be devoted to defining a simple gun mechanism that allows the breech to vent in a manner that is compatible with this case design. During this program, we will design the cartridge case for an objective and a subscale round. The objective round is for a full caliber cannon, assumed to be 105mm at this time. The subscale round will be utilized in a test fixture in Veritay’s experimental test facility. We will perform FEA analyses on each cartridge case design. In addition, we will design the subscale test fixture to be utilized in Phase II for testing and development. We will fabricate and assemble the test fixture during the Phase I Option.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A10-043      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Innovative Polarized Navigation Reference
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of an innovative method of providing adaptive polarized RF reference sources for establishing a battlefield position and orientation referencing system over the battlefield. Such referencing sources are intended to be used onboard weapons platforms, UAVs, handheld devices and the like. The referencing system can then be used by polarized RF sensors onboard guided munitions, ground and airborne platforms, and on the soldier to measure their position and orientation relative to the established referencing coordinate system. The proposed concept is easy to deploy and provides a reliable and secure reference source as an alternative to GPS, lasers, magnetometer and inertia technologies for the next generation of smart munitions and weapon platforms. The proposed innovative polarized RF referencing sources are capable of scanning through almost any specified scanning range and scanning pattern and frequencies. The proposed method provides polarized RF reference sources with the capability of significantly increasing the precision of the polarized RF based angular orientation and position sensors. With the proposed polarized RF reference sources, scanning patterns can be selected using well established techniques to increase precision and reduce the probability of detection and effective jamming.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Kenan O. Ezal
A10-043      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Polarization-Sensitive Navigation Reference System
Abstract:Military and civilian platforms increasingly rely on the Global Positioning System (GPS) system for not only navigation and position, but also communication and time. The susceptibility of GPS to sources of intentional and unintentional interference increases the vulnerability of such platforms. The focus of this effort is to develop a polarization-sensitive reference navigation system that can be used when GPS is denied, or enhance GPS when it is available. Moreover, the electronics developed during this program will have a dual use as a GPS receiver (when available) thereby minimizing hardware requirements. The GPS- denied position and attitude performance of the system will be comparable to the performance when GPS is available. The navigation system will comprise one or more transceiver reference stations and mobile receivers. Mobile receivers will navigate relative to the reference stations, which may be stationary or moving. The navigation system will take advantage of signal polarization to improve the platform position and attitude performance, and will enable full 3-D navigation in position, orientation and time with just two reference stations. Select missions will only require one reference station. The proposed navigation system will not require calibration and will be easy to deploy.

CarboMet LLC
18 Erskine Drive
Morristown, NJ 07960
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 549-2013
Shiunchin Chris Wang
A10-044      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Novel Nitrogen-doped Boron Nanotubes/Nanofibers
Abstract:In this Phase I effort a scaled up synthesis of nitrogen-doped boron nanotubes (BNTs) and boron nanofibers (BNFs) will be developed which will be optimized by a design-of- experiment approach during Phase II. Characterization of the BNTs/BNFs by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy together with electron energy loss spectroscopy to determine the tube/fiber diameters, chemical structure and composition will be conducted and a characterization protocol developed. The heat of sublimation of the BNTs/BNFs will be determined by thermal techniques. Initial formulation preparation and propellant testing will be conducted at US Army facilities followed by measurements on gun barrel samples to detect and determine the thickness and friction properties of the boron and boron nitride coatings formed. Thicknesses will be measured by Rutherford Backscattering and friction will be determined by atomic force microscopy.

PH Matter, LLC
1275 Kinnear Rd.
Columbus, OH 43212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 657-4683
Paul H. Matter
A10-044      Awarded:12/28/2010
Title:Innovative Nitrogen-doped Boron Nanotubes/Nanofibers Propellants
Abstract:Currently, there is no scalable method for the production of BN nano-tubes with a controlled diameter. In this project, PH Matter, LLC will partner with Dr. Sheldon Shore from the Ohio State University to develop a commercially viable and scalable process for the selective production of BN nano-tubes. Dr. Shore is an expert in the area of boron and boron nitride chemistry, with over 60 years of experience in the field. The process to be demonstrated by the team will be based on previously developed catalytic techniques for synthesis of carbon and doped-carbon nano-tubes, but will utilize a novel boron and nitrogen precursor with ideal properties for the proposed approach. Additionally, the team will compare this CVD-based approach to a previously developed approach for direct BN nano-tube synthesis developed by the Shore group.

Aria Microwave Systems, Inc.
731 Carroll Place
Teaneck, NJ 07666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 836-6552
Bernard R. Cheo
A10-045      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Development of a Novel Efficient Solid State Compact RF/microwave DEW System
Abstract:Aria Microwave System Inc. (AMS) will develop a lightweight, compact, scalable DEW system with 60% - 90% DC-to-RF efficiency. Examples of an S-Band concept system show that lethality levels > 1 W/cm ^2 at 100 meters can be attained with DC power in 10’s of kW, 10% duty cycle. The system uses AMS’s proprietary solid state, compact, lightweight, high efficiency, high power, active cavity amplifier (ACA), in conjunction with a 1m x 1m antenna array. The small size and lightweight of the ACA permit each array element to be individually driven by an amplifier, with its amplitude and phase controlled at its preamplifier. Rapid electronic scan, multiple beam, target locking, and beam shaping etc. are attainable for a myriad of operational requirements. Basic principles of the ACA-array approach can be applied from low UHF to high microwave frequencies. Main effort of Phase I will be to develop a conceptual design of a full power S-Band demonstration system, to be constructed during Phase II. Phase I activities will also involve interactions with other defense contractors as potential collaborators

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Ben Thien
A10-045      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Z-Wave Directed Energy for Neutralizing IEDs
Abstract:We have proposed the development of a novel, low frequency, directed energy concept for neutralizing IEDs at a safe distance in front of moving vehicles. The concept is based on launching an "Energetic RF Zenneck-mode Surface Waves" (Z-waves), which unlike conventional RF free field propagation, its intensity falls off at a 1/r rate, and is capable of penetrating ground and shielded enclosures. The Z-wave generator promises to be a robust piece of equipment capable of long term continuous operation in rough terrain. In addition to direct neutralization of IEDs, Z-waves can potentially disrupt nearby communication devices used to trigger IEDs.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2727
Chris St. Clair
A10-047      Awarded:2/28/2011
Title:Recoilless Launcher Propulsion System (RLPS)
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop the Recoilless Launcher Propulsion System (RLPS), a means of propelling a warhead from a shoulder-mounted recoilless launcher which will greatly reduce the risks posed to the operator by the back blast from such launchers, including over-pressure, high sound levels, and burns. These risks are of particular concern when the launcher is fired from within an enclosed space such as a room or alleyway. ORBITEC’s proposed RLPS will use a unique propellant formulation to mitigate back blast, over-pressurization, and sound waves. Conservation of momentum will be maintained as the reaction products from the propellant are ejected out the back end of the launcher at high velocity. In the Phase I project, we will model both the propellant reaction and the launcher dynamics, and we will build and test a subscale launch apparatus to experimentally evaluate the candidate propellant formulations.

Southwest Services LLC
P.O. Box 1868
La Mirada, CA 90637
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 697-8576
John Sigler
A10-047      Awarded:6/2/2011
Title:Propulsion System for Confined Space Projectile Launchers
Abstract:Southwest Services LLC Confined Space Projectile Launcher is a derivative of a conventional shoulder fired recoilless launcher incorporating improvements to dampening the energy and overpressure within the exhaust gases. Our CSPL will increase the muzzle energy of the launcher which will have a corresponding increase in the exhaust gas energy, but by using our innovative approach to dampening the exhaust gases our system will have a net decrease in the back-blast overpressure to produce an operator safe environment for confined space launches. Our Phase I effort will include a basic launcher design defining all key system parameters, a detail computational model of the system to analytically verify our system’s compliance with the SBIR’s noise limit requirement, and test firings simulating the rearward ejection of the launcher’s exhaust gases to evaluate fundamental characteristics of our unique exhaust gas dampening feature to verify its functionality.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Bryce Williams
A10-048      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Multiple Engagement Autonomous Neutralizer (MEAN) System
Abstract:Accurate Automation will design and build a Multiple Engagement Autonomous Neutralizer (MEAN) System that will allow an EOD team to quickly and safely engage multiple IEDs from a safe area. This design exceeds capabilities of any current system because it will allow the technician to preload the system with at least 8 shots, attach it to a robot, drive the robot down range where the device can be identified, select the appropriate PAN shot to neutralize the threat, and then select another shot to reengage or engage another device all while the technician remains in the safe area. The proposed system will also employ 2 or more water shots without user intervention qualifying the system as semi-automatic and allowing fully autonomous operation from a safe area. The proposed system will function in a fielded environment with simple cleaning access to ensure lasting performance and ease of maintenance in sand and immersive environments. Accurate Automation has a lengthy autonomous system development and commercialization track record. Accurate Automation will leverage its knowledge and capabilities to produce a very robust and competent system that can easily and effectively be used by military EOD teams and civil /federal bomb squads.

SAVIT Corporation
400 Commons Way
Rockaway, NJ 07866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 602-3822
Kenneth Jones
A10-048      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Multi-shot EOD Disrupter for Robotic Applications
Abstract:The Intelligence Community and recent trend analysis suggests that future terrorism will expand the use of IED, VBIED’s and Person Borne Suicide Vests. Current Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) technology uses Single Shot Disruptors for disarming these threats whenever possible. Recent development has mounted these Disruptors onto the Man Transportable Robot System (MTRS). These Disruptors are Single Shot, and tax the weight limit of the MTRS. The Joint Service EOD community has identified the need for a multi-shot Disruptor that is light weight and can be mounted on the MTRS. This Engineering Analysis will address the technical challenges of meeting this need for an EOD Multi-Shot (up to 4 rds.) Disruptor that is light enough to be mounted on the MTRS. In addition, recoil mitigation will be evaluated to ensure no physical damage to the MTRS occurs during repeated firings.

Vadum
601 Hutton St Suite 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 668-7120
Jesse Shaver
A10-048      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Multi-shot EOD Disrupter for Robotic Applications
Abstract:A solicitation has requested a feasibility study on the topic of enhanced capabilities for the SD-IED disrupter tool, used for neutralization of IED’s and other explosive devices. Specifically, the solicitation requests investigation of designs for electrically-initiated semiautomatic disrupter devices with greatly-reduced recoil transfer for EOD robotic platforms. The new design must maintain compatibility with standard SD-IED ammunition, performing mechanical ignition of the percussive primer with a high-reliability safety system. Finally, the design must be lightweight.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
A10-049      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Reactive Materials with Reduced Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity
Abstract:Advanced reactive materials (RM) with reduced electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity are needed by the Army. Nanoscale thermite compositions are of particular interest because of the fast reaction rates and high flame temperatures generated during reaction. Unfortunately, in many cases, the materials are so reactive that they are impractical to work with. One route to improving ESD insensitivity is to embed the nanoparticles in a polymeric matrix, which insulates the particles from accidental discharge. However, significant challenges exist with traditional polymeric nanocomposite processing, including achieving monodisperse, non-agglomerated particle suspensions. These challenges only increase with larger batch sizes, making production scale-up another significant challenge. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to develop polymeric nanothermite composites using a novel, patented process called nanoinfusion. Nanoinfusion processing technology allows for in-situ formation of nanoparticles in a polymer matrix, producing polymer nanocomposites with monodisperse nanoparticle content. Nanoinfusion is not a liquid dispersion process, and there is no handling of loose nanoparticles. There is no route for particle agglomeration in this process, eliminating the most significant processing challenge associated with nanoparticle synthesis and mixing. Nanoinfusion is scaleable to meet large scale production needs, while safely and consistently achieving excellent nanoparticle dispersion and size uniformity.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 757-5441
David Irvin
A10-049      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Intrinsically Conductive Polymer Coatings for Reduced ESD Sensitivity
Abstract:Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) proposes to reduce the electrostatic sensitivity of nanothermites by modifying the surface with a thin, conformal coating of inherently conductive polymer. Nanothermites or metastable intermolecular composites (MICs) are desired in military weapons systems because the energy output is twice that of traditional explosives, and they can be formulated for a range of energy densities from 10kW/cc to 10GW/cc and detonation velocities from 1- 1500 m/s. Many of these materials have promise as low toxicity high energy materials but have one major barrier to wide scale introduction into future weapons systems: electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity, which makes them far too unstable to be safely handled by the warfighter. If these materials and their composites could pass 250 mJ ESD testing, they would be usable in a variety of higher energy kinetic energy weapons, thermobaric warheads, and shape charges. In these applications, MICs would not only be used as the explosive but also be incorporated into the case materials as a polymer-based structural nanocomposite, thus increasing the total yield of the device.

Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
James H. White
A10-050      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Development of a Nanothermite-Based Propellant Initiator for Army Munitions
Abstract:This proposed SBIR Phase I program addresses the development of a nanothermite-based initiator (primer) for use in Army munitions. This technology will enable a propellant initiator producing high maximum pressure, long pressure duration, and insensitivity to electrostatic discharge (ESD). Initiators for solid propellants which are based on nanothermites offer significant advantages for munitions, including increased burn rate, optimal pressure wave speed, and high maximum pressure of long duration. The proposed Phase I will investigate this application, using selected nanothermites prepared by simple, inexpensive, scalable procedures: in particular, nanometer-scale metal/metal oxide systems will be prepared by solution and mechanochemical methods. Combination of these with selected nitro-polymers will ensure gas generating capacity and other features essential for initiators. Phase I research will consist of identifying suitable nanothermites and an approach for comprising them, physical and chemical characterization of materials, incorporation into initiators, and laboratory testing of the initiators. Ignition delay time, burn rate, maximum pressure, and duration of maximum pressure will be measured. These are features of primer systems that Eltron intends to improve with the proposed technology. Phase II would consist of the optimization of nanothermite materials, scale-up of synthesis of nanothermites and primer formulation, and the testing of primers.

Innovative Materials and Processes, LLC
8420 Blackbird Ct.
Rapid City, SD 57702
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(605) 484-3434
Zac Doorenbos
A10-050      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Development and Scale-Up of Nanothermite Composites for Propellant Ignition
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project proposes development of a technologically feasible batch process for making nitrocellulose-nanothermite composites in a granular form for the ignition of propellants. The R&D will focus on the determination of burn rates, dynamic pressure profiles and ESD sensitivities of selected Al/CuO/Fe2O3 and Al/Fe2O3/Bi2O3 energetic nanocomposites based on spherical and flake nanoaluminum to meet ignition and burning characteristics of initiating materials, such as Benite. It is proposed to investigate JA2 propellant initiation using developed nitrocellulose-nanothermite composite materials at - 65F, 70F and 160F. The results generated in Phase I are essential for the equipment design and scale-up of a production process for making initiating materials for a particular application in propellant based systems.

Frontier Performance Polymers Corporation
3328 Belt Road
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Jerry Chung
A10-051      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Novel Combustible Small Arms Ammunitions
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I proposal is to develop novel lightweight combustible small arms ammunitions to replace brass cased ammunitions with improved burning efficiency and mechanical properties, alleviated weight and superior ballistic performance. In order to deliver a cost-effective and highly performed combustible cartridge that meets all the requirements and is suitable for mass production, Frontier has developed novel combustible materials, coating formulation, cartridge design, and processing techniques. During the Phase I effort, Frontier will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed concepts, identify and address the present technical hurdles, perform proof-of-principle validation as well as address the performance-cost issues. By the end of Phase I, the combustible materials, cartridge designs and fabrication process will be studied and optimized, which will provide a solid foundation for Phase II to conduct extensive performance validations for the proposed novel lightweight combustible cartridge technology for small arms ammunitions. The success of the proposed technology will lead to develop novel lightweight combustible small arms ammunitions with superior ballistic accuracy, significantly improved structural strength and substantially reduced weight as compared with legacy brass cased ammunitions. Moreover, this novel combustible cartridge will be designed to maintain its performance throughout the environmental shock and lifespan.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4506
Ben Beck
A10-051      Awarded:4/5/2011
Title:Combustible Cartridge Casing
Abstract:Advanced weapon systems will allow America’s soldiers to maintain their overwhelming combat edge into 21st century, however, they represent a significant logistical burden that may reduce warfighter mobility. It is therefore necessary to reduce the weight of the soldier’s standard equipment and one of the heaviest load pieces is their ammunition. Brass metal comprises up to 50% of the weight of each cartridge and these metal casings are simply ejected as waste upon firing. Combustible cartridge case technology is successfully used in large caliber ammunition systems to eliminate the logistical burden of disposing of unconsumed packaging after firing. They bring additional advantages such as reduction in barrel wear, enhanced firing energy, increased firing rate and reduction in charge costs. The technical hurdles of transferring combustible case technology to small arms include the combustible resin inherently lacking mechanical strength, high porosity, vulnerability to penetration of water and water vapor, and problems related to materials used for fabrication, and incomplete combustion. Luna Innovations, via a multidisciplinary approach, will design a 100% combustible, energetic polymer material that can be readily processed into cartridge cases with excellent mechanical stability, and, in collaboration with ATK, predict its ballistic properties and feasibility for standard operating conditions

Hstar Technologies
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
A10-052      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:A High-strength Dexterous Bimanual Mobile Manipulator (HD-Man) System for EOD Robotic Operations
Abstract:Hstar proposes an advanced high-strength dexterous bi-manual mobile manipulator (HD- Man) system for EOD robotic platforms to investigate and interrogate Unexploded Ordnances (UXOs) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). The proposed HD-Man will be designed and developed by integrating lightweight high power density actuators, series elastic actuator for force sensing and compliant manipulator, and hydraulic transmission for enhancing the capabilities of EOD robot. This system will; 1) have high mechanical efficiency and high power-to-weight ratio, 2) support ergonomic and synchronous mobile manipulation control in telepresence operation, (3) provide sufficient control bandwidth, range of motion, force control accuracy, and ease of use by natural means, 4) be compact, light-weight and suitable for system integration, and 5) provide sufficient capability to lift heavy loads and a high gripper capacity. Our primary innovation includes a bi-manual dexterous robotic manipulation that is desirable to enhance gripping and lifting capabilities and efficiency for EOD operations. We will leverage the dexterous manipulation and heavy lifting technologies available at Hstar. The state of art HD-Man will be a high strength compact actuation based dexterous bi-manual manipulator for advanced gripping and heavy lifting. It will also incorporate the JAUS protocols for integration with networked command and control systems

RE2, Inc.
4925 Harrison Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Jorgen Pedersen
A10-052      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Highly Dexterous Manipulation System (HDMS)
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to integrate RE2’s innovative dexterous and heavy-lift manipulation technologies with novel materials and leading-edge actuation technology to provide a Highly Dexterous Manipulation System (HDMS) with 1) the strength to lift a 120- pound 155mm shell, 2) the agility to perform delicate maneuvers such as removing a blasting cap from C4, 3) a form factor and total weight to allow HDMS to be employed on small robots, and 4) a low-cost solution to the military and other small robot users. The overall objective of HDMS is to provide a manipulation system for the next generation of small Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) with the equivalent capability and reach of a 95% percentile military male. The direct benefit to the warfighter is significantly increased performance and capability over currently fielded manipulators for both teleoperated and semi-autonomous use on small UGVs. These manipulation improvements directly correlate to a reduction in time-on-target and overall mission time, resulting in increased safety of all mission personnel.

Graphene Devices Ltd.
138 CHAPEL WOODS
WILLIAMSVILLE, NY 14221
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 560-1507
Robert Anstey, Esq.
A10-053      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Novel Graphene Mg Nanocomposite for High Strength and Lightweight Structural Applications
Abstract:Mg alloys such as AZ31 are attractive for military armor applications, because of their strength to weight ratio, and ease of machining. Research has shown that reduction of grain sizes below 100 nm can result in an increase in material performance, and strength. However Mg nano-particles can be dangerous to process, as a result of their pyrophoric nature, and very sensitive to corrosion and oxidation. By using a unique synthesis technique, GDL will combine graphene nano-particles with Mg nano-particles in a chemical solution phase method. This method will strengthen the resulting nanocomposite and increase corrosion resistance of the nano-Mg. This novel nanocomposite will have the advantages of being lighter than aluminum alloys, while having as high or higher strength, without the normal vulnerabilities and dangers of Mg processing. It will also lower the cost of production using Spark Plasma Sintering to produce near net shapes directly from powder. As a result particle sizes can be reduced and keep below 100 nm in diameter, and tensile strength should be increased well over 300 MPa g-1 cm3 while also increasing ductility.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2513
Adam Goff
A10-053      Awarded:2/4/2011
Title:High-Strength Mechanically Alloyed Magnesium Nanocomposites
Abstract:The military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past decade have resulted in a heavier U.S. Army. Soldiers are carrying more body armor, more batteries for field equipment, and more combat gear than ever before. Ground vehicles including HMMWVs, MRAPs, and Strykers all require multiple heavy armor solutions to mitigate ballistic and IED blast threats. Even rotorcraft including the Apache and Black Hawk helicopters aren’t immune to weight increases associated with ballistic armor requirements. Our continued military superiority and operational versatility will only be possible if warfighter air and ground vehicle system mass is significantly reduced. In order to help maintain the U.S. Army’s continued superiority and versatility and enable it in the future, Luna Innovations, in partnership with the Applied Research Lab at Penn State, are developing high strength, CNT-reinforced, mechanically alloyed magnesium nanocomposites using methods that are scaleable and transitionable into production practice. A mechanical alloying approach will be used coupled with spark plasma sintering technology to develop nano-crystalline CNT- reinforced Mg metal matrix composites that offer tensile yield strengths greater than 600 MPa coupled with room temperature failure strain of 5% or greater.

MATSYS, Inc.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
A10-053      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:Novel Nanostructured Magnesium Composites for Lightweight, Structural Applications
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop novel compositions and processing techniques to produce lightweight, high-strength, nanostructured, Mg-based composites for structural and light armor applications. This effort will combine new approaches in composite material design with our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) to develop a new generation of cost-efficient, low density and high strength composite materials. In the proposed concept we will use mechanical alloying (MA) to strengthen Mg and Mg alloys by dispersing fibers, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), or hard particles, such as boron carbide and graphene, and achieving a nano-grained composite powder. The composite powder will then be consolidated to full density using instrumented-HIP to minimize the exposure of the powder to high temperature and preserve the microstructure of the starting powder. During this program, we will demonstrate the use of MA and instrumented-HIP to achieve the desired nanostructure in a fully dense composite and quantify the dependence of the mechanical properties on the amount of reinforcement. MATSYS will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabrication, from different composite powders, fully dense, low density and high strength nanostructured composites that will enhance the performance of lightweight, structural materials and armor applications.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
A10-054      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Optical Techniques for Hemispherical Situational Awareness
Abstract:OKSI proposes to investigate three different techniques to produce hemispherical situational awareness: (i) an all-optical system, (ii) a miniature, multi-camera system, and (iii) and a hybrid optical/camera system. We will compare each technique in Phase-I using laboratory prototypes assembled from off-the-shelf components. We will use the data collected to establish clear trades allowing us to recommend the optimal system for full prototype development in Phase-II.

Holochip Corporation
4940 W. 147th Street
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 906-1064
Robert Batchko
A10-055      Awarded:12/28/2010
Title:A Large Field-of-View and High-Resolution Camera in a Small Form Factor
Abstract:Small lightweight cameras having high resolution are indispensible in a plethora of applications in military, homeland defense, commercial, medical and numerous other fields. Many of these applications would benefit from cameras enabled with a large field-of-view (FOV) while maintaining the camera's small footprint and high resolution. An imaging system with these characteristics may be applied to a soldier’s handheld camera, or mounted on a small robotic vehicle used for the detection and classification of unexploded ordinance (UXO). Current imaging technology either sacrifices resolution for a greater FOV or cannot maintain high resolution over the entirety of the FOV. Recent advancements including transformation optics, metamaterial-enabled gradient-index and Luneburg lenses, curved focal plane image sensors and adaptive optics have paved the way for the development of a novel camera design. Holochip will leverage these recent technical advancements to develop a high-resolution large-field-of-view camera with a small form factor and advance the state of the art of panoramic imaging.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Edward DeHoog
A10-055      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Miniature Multiple Aperture Camera
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a small form-factor camera that can provide a high- resolution image over a wide field of view (FOV), resulting in higher detection and classification of unexploded ordnance, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Miniature Multiple Aperture Camera (MiniMAC). This proposed MiniMAC is based on novel hybrid lens concepts that have high precision optics and unique compound- eye design, which provide high resolution and wide FOV. The innovation in high-precision diffractive and highly aspheric plastic optics and compound eyes, based on focal plane array (FPA) tiling and reorientation, will enable the MiniMAC to widen the FOV to a 180 x 90 deg. high-resolution (submicron), small form-factor camera. Thus, POC’s MiniMAC offers a small form factor, high-resolution, low-power wide FOV camera that directly addresses the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MiniMAC by optical and numerical simulation, component selection, and prototype implementation. Trade-offs will be established for finding best combination of FOV, resolution, and sensitivity while keeping size, weight and power (SWaP) requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop the system designed in Phase I, and to deliver the fabricated MiniMAC system to the Army.

Crossfield Technology LLC
9390 Research Blvd Suite I200
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Dennis Ferguson
A10-056      Awarded:12/30/2010
Title:Affordable GPS-independent Precision Munitions
Abstract:Crossfield, together with Omnitek Partners, will investigate and develop GPS Independent Precision Munition guidance architecture that has comparable accuracy to GPS and is inherently hard to jamming and interference. The baseline architecture will employ a novel orientation sensor that provides both orientation and can provide position location. The sensor will operate in the 60 GHz oxygen absorption frequency band, which offers significant advantages in terms of robustness to jamming and interference as well as providing covertness (low probability of intercept or LPI). Crossfield and Omnitek propose a six month effort with Option. The Phase I program will include investigation into precision guidance and control concepts using the orientation sensor as a baseline. In addition, the current off-the-shelf orientation sensors will be integrated with off the shelf inertial sensor and used to validate control and sensing concepts under real hardware constraints that cannot be easily simulated without the use of tools or test beds ordinarily beyond the scope of an SBIR program. In this way, the overall risk to the Army of a Phase II program are significantly mitigated.

Kord Technologies, Inc.
701 Pratt Avenue
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 617-0957
Craig Farlow
A10-058      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Development of a Two Color Polarimetric Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) Camera System
Abstract:The Army has identified the need to enhance existing reconnaissance and surveillance platforms by utilizing emerging sensor technologies to support both domestic and national security operations. Situational awareness imagery has become a vital tool for locating, identifying and helping to neutralize threats. However, recent US military experience in IRAQ as well as illegal entry into the US across national borders, vividly demonstrates the need for improvements in this type of imagery. Furthermore, the urgency of these threats demands quick, cost effective solutions that can be easily integrated into existing systems without loss of current functionality. One very promising enhancement is polarimetric imagery. Additional information, not available in visible and infrared imagery, is gained by producing a polarimetric image of a scene. An even greater potential exists when combining polarization imagery from two different wavebands. Kord Technologies and Digital Fusion plan to study the feasibility of developing a compact ruggedized two color polarimetric sensor. The proposed solution involves leveraging a dual band (MWIR/LWIR) infrared sensor developed and already fielded by a prime DoD contractor. The primary design effort will center on bonding (or fabricating) a micro-polarizer array (MPA) to the infrared focal plane array (FPA).

Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc.
200 Westside Square Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
J. Larry Pezzaniti
A10-058      Awarded:11/20/2010
Title:Development of a Two Color Polarimetric Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) Camera System
Abstract:MWIR and LWIR polarization imaging holds promise for providing significant improvements in contrast in a number of target detection and discrimination applications. In several recent development efforts, it has been demonstrated that manmade objects have a significantly stronger polarization signal than natural backgrounds resulting in good contrast that complements the conventionally imaged infrared signature. Significant data has been collected in the MWIR and LWIR portions of the spectra and each waveband has merits and drawbacks over the other waveband. Furthermore other enhancements are expected when the wavebands are collected simultaneously. Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc proposes in a phase I effort to design a MWIR/LWIR dual waveband imaging polarimeter. The system will collect spatially and temporally coherent images of polarization in both bands. In a single frame period, the system will collect four images: two polarized MWIR images and two polarized LWIR images. The frames will be used to compute either s1 or s2 in both wavebands. A continuously rotating achromatic half wave retarder will be used to switch between s1 and s2. The system will be design utilizes COTS optical components, polarization optics and FPAs.

Enig Associates, Inc.
4600 East West Hwy Suite 500
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 680-8600
Y.B. Kim
A10-059      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Electromagnetic Explosive Warhead (EMEW) for Scalable Lethal and Nonlethal Effects
Abstract:Enig Associates, Inc., a woman-owned, small business providing advanced modeling and simulation capabilities to the DoD and DoE, is proposing an innovative and novel electrical approach, using explosive-driven flux compression generators (FCG) to convert explosive chemical energy to electromagnetic energy with very high current output and superb energy conversion efficiency and then enhance explosive load to augment reaction zone pressure and detonation speed with electromagnetic energy. Electrical conditioning can also be applied to munition casing to control fragmentation and blast pattern and directionality. The proposed program will use Lockheed Martin Missiles & Fire Control (LMMFC) as our Phase I/II subcontractor and is complementary to our DARPA MAHEM Phase 3 program. Both theoretical and computational tools will be utilized in designing an integrated munition with augmented explosion, selectable fragmentation, and controlled blast to provide scalable and adaptive lethal effects against targets.

Engineered Performance Materials Company, LLC
11228 Lemen Road Suite A
Whitmore Lake, MI 48189
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 786-3454
Vladimir Segal
A10-060      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Fabrication of High-Strength, Lightweight Metals for Armor and Structural Applications
Abstract:The project will develop a new processing technology of equal-channel angular extrusion (ECAE) providing semi-continuous multipass ECAE without necessity for billet cleaning, reshaping and preheating between passes. This approach turns ECAE into an effective operation that can be applied at large metallurgical scale and to massive production. Followed rolling, low-cost bulk products such as plates and sheets with ultra-fine grained and nano structures having superior properties are fabricated for different applications. Particular applications are high strength aluminum alloy armor plates and rolled products for precision forging, panel forming, superplastic forming and deep drawing in defence, aerospace, automotive and others industries.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
A10-060      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Accumulative Roll Bonding of Ultrahigh Strength Light Alloys
Abstract:The proposed Phase I SBIR project will conduct exploratory development of scalable manufacturing processes for producing high strength lightweight metals. This Phase I SBIR program will extend work and significant prior investment that Powdermet has carried out in the nanocomposite and syntactic composite aluminum system, and in this program we will utilize recent developments in nanocrystalline magnesium alloys, along with large scale mill equipment purchased and installed by Powdermet to produce 12” X 12” plates using a series of processing schemes. The base approach to be taken in this Phase I program will be to try and validate the exploratory work done on milled, Mg-2Y-1Zn alloys by Koch et al, which demonstrated over 2GPa hardnesses in mechanically alloyed Mg-2Y-1Zn alloys that were hot pressed at 180°C to develop long range order. The long period superlattice phase proposed by Inoue in rapidly solidified Mg-Y-Zn alloy powders, combined with the nanocrystalline grains size derived from the mechanical alloying process at North Carolina State University, are believed to be the underlying strengthening mechanisms resulting in the high strength. This program will focus entirely on the magnesium alloys during Phase I.

General Opto Solutions, LLC
1366 Ridge Master Drive
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-5982
Yunjin Zhang
A10-061      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Rapid, contamination free growth of large single crystals of aluminum oxynitride (AlON)
Abstract:In this project, we will develop and demonstrate an innovative process for growing large size single crystal aluminum oxynitride (AlON). The proposed process is not only contamination-free but also preventing volatilization and maintaining the stoichiometry of the sample materials. This is particularly important to grow large size AlON single crystal because it can be decomposed at the melting temperature without proper environmental control. Furthermore, it is a rapid growing process so that it can be scaled up for highly efficient and low-cost production of large size AlON single crystals. AlON single crystal samples with all the required properties ( e.g., > 2 cubic millimeters, 80% visible in-line transmittance, stoichiometric composition, optically isotropic single crystals., and the acceptable cubic elastic constants) will be grown at the Phase I stage. A higher quality (e.g., 85% visible in-line transmittance) and larger size (50 millimeter diameter x 25 mm millimeter thick) will be developed at the Phase II stage by refining and optimizing the growing method and procedures developed at the Phase I stage.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5727
Uday Kashalikar
A10-061      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Formation of Large Single Crystals of Aluminum Oxynitride (ALON) Ceramic
Abstract:This project will develop and demonstrate a process for the formation of large single crystal aluminum oxynitride (AlON) material with homogenous, isotropic properties. This material has applications in optoelectronics subsystems for a number of defense systems. The Phase I program will involve key experiments and analyses to prove feasibility of producing homogenous, isotropic single crystal AlON specimens in at least 2 mm cube size. Under Phase I Option, the size will be scaled up. The follow-on Phase II program will prove repeatability in the process and scale up size to at least 1 in. 50 mm diam. x 25 mm thick. Surmet is already working with a number of defense contractors and have transitioned current polycrystalline AlON in defense systems. This will lay a strong foundation for commercialization of the proposed single crystal AlON technology.

Free Form Fibers L.L.C.
26 F Congress Street No. 312
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 269-5059
Joseph Pegna
A10-062      Awarded:1/7/2011
Title:Inexpensive Large Scale Manufacturing of High Specific Modulus and Strength Ceramic Fibers
Abstract:This ARMY SBIR Phase I project will determine the best opto-mechanical approach for massively parallel Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition of ceramic fibers by building on work already performed at RPI, Univ of Montreal, and Free Form Fibers (FFF). Ceramic fibers are typically produced using polymeric precursors, which means that stoichiometrically pure fibers are almost impossible to attain, limiting (usually severely) their potential performance in the severe applications they are intended for in the first place. FFF’s direct Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition production of pure fibers produces high purity monofilaments in a single “extrusion microtube” but commercial scale-up requires a sea change in manufacturing approach. This work investigates (in Phase I) creating a massively parallel array of laser beams, via either monolithic laser diode arrays, or a single laser and a high- power diffraction grating, and using this pattern (in a Phase I Option) to create a matching extrusion microtube array so that hundreds of stoichiometrically pure fibers can ultimately be grown at commercial scale via LCVD. Two approaches to the microtube array fabrication will be investigated, and one selected depending in part on the quality of the laser beam array and in part on results of microtube array fabrication experiments.

M Cubed Technologies, Inc.
35 Corporate Drive, Suite 1110
Trumbull, CT 06611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 454-8600
Michael K. Aghajanian
A10-063      Awarded:12/10/2010
Title:Metallic Encapsulation of Ceramic Tile Arrays
Abstract:The Army is in need of an improved armor solution for ground vehicles that possesses modularity, reduced weight, attractive cost, high ballistic resistance, durability, and tolerance to environmental affects. To meet this need, the use of large panels made by casting metal around an array of ceramic tiles is proposed. Such a product will possess high mass efficiency due to the presence of the ceramic tiles, will have high durability due to the presence of the metal surround, and will have attractive cost due to the casting process. Moreover, significant opportunity exists to optimize such products (e.g., by choice of metal type, ceramic type, ceramic size and shape, etc.). From work in other areas (e.g., MMCs), M Cubed has significant skills with metal to ceramic wetting and bonding. This knowledge will be used on the present program to allow the development and production of high performance ceramic/metal macro-composites with excellent interfacial bond strength and structural integrity. A four task Phase I program is proposed, namely (1) research with cast metal encapsulation of ceramics, (2) process development, scale-up and testing, (3) manufacture of two deliverable 26” x 26” armor arrays, and (4) generate cost model.

REL, Inc.
57640 North Eleventh St.
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3018
Josh Loukus
A10-063      Awarded:12/30/2010
Title:Cast Encapsulation of Unfinished Ceramic Armor Tiles
Abstract:Presently, the Army experiences numerous problems with existing manufacturing processes for the metal encapsulation of ceramic tiles within the current inventory of armor solutions. REL, Inc. will address the specific problems of directly casting the encapsulated ceramic structure to net/near net shape and the high cost of ceramic tile finishing practices currently required for existing ceramic panel designs through the identification and implementation of a new manufacturing process. This process will allow the ceramic tiles to remain unfinished before encapsulation, thereby eliminating the need for close tolerances and greatly reducing manufacturing costs while increasing the quality and consistency of the end product. Ultimately, this will result in the availability of more systems through the establishment of a new industry standard that will provide the required legacy and future platform for an innovative integrate and materials process for the survivability of the Warfighter.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A10-064      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:Electric and Magnetic Photonic Sensor System for Small UAVs
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-integrated sensors for detecting power lines and nearby aircraft, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Electric and Magnetic Photonic Sensor (EMPHOS) system. The proposed EMPHOS is based on photonic sensor technology under development at POC, combined with signal discrimination algorithms. Using passive sensors with no active electrical components reduces electromagnetic interference, as do the signal discrimination algorithms, enabling the full range of sensor sensitivity to be exploited. Planar microfabrication techniques result in a compact lightweight system (<2 oz.) with low projected manufacturing costs (<$100/system). These innovations enable the EMPHOS to be integrated into small UAV platforms, providing detection, localization, and navigation around power lines in a complex urban environment. In addition, the EMPHOS system offers the ability to identify and track moving sources, directly addressing the Army’s requirements for small UAV applications. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate EMPHOS feasibility by assembling and testing a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to fabricate and demonstrate the performance of a functional EMPHOS prototype on a UAV.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1737
Yongming Zhang
A10-064      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Light Weight Electric and Magnetic-Field Sensors for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Abstract:In order to function at their maximum operational potential, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) must have detailed information about their environment. The DoD has a need for a technology that can be configured into a compact, lightweight package for mounting on a small UAV (SUAV) that still provides accurate, real-time information about the location of power lines. One method to solve this problem is to equip UAVs with real-time, in-flight power line sensing using specially designed electric-field (E-field) and magnetic-field (B-field) sensors. QUASAR Federal Systems proposes to design and construct a lightweight, low power sensor package based on our already existing compact induction coils, compact E- field sensor, and miniature data acquisition board (DAQ). We will optimize the sensor and DAQ designs for appropriate fidelity and resolution. In addition to designing the sensor package, we will investigate mounting schemes on the sponsor-selected UAV. The package will then be integrated into a low-cost, research grade SUAV. Along with the hardware development, we will research a signal processing algorithm to provide real-time determination of the distance to power lines based on the measured E and B-fields. Finally, field tests will be performed to verify the proper operation of the hardware and the algorithm.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Duane Cline
A10-064      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Small Unmanned Air Vehicle Magnetic-Field Sensors
Abstract:The ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have highlighted the benefits and limitations of small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) operated by front-line combat units and special operations forces. The real-time imagery provided by narrow field of view electro-optical or infrared (EO/IR) cameras installed on small UAS significantly improves situational awareness without exposing soldiers to direct fire. However, these aircraft are limited to operation in segregated airspace at altitudes that prevent collisions with power lines, buildings or uneven terrain and cannot detect activity inside buildings, caves or tunnels. Magnetic field sensors installed on small UAS can be used to detect power lines, building wiring, hidden electrical power sources, and possibly other aircraft. An important step in developing this capability is the suppression of electromagnetic interference (EMI) produced by the aircraft electronics to maximize sensor performance. The proposed SBIR program will leverage SARA’s experience in the development, integration and testing of magnetic field sensors on UAVs gained during DARPA’s Low Altitude Airborne Sensor System (LAASS) program. During Phase I we will evaluate the potential effectiveness of candidate sensor system designs and signal processing algorithms, laying the foundation for development and demonstration of a prototype system during Phase II.

Impact Computing Corporation
606 Burnt Mills Avenue
Silver Spring, MD 20901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 593-2350
Hyam Singer
A10-065      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Weather Impact Probability Forecasting (WIPCast)
Abstract:Impact Computing has assembled a world class team – supported by University of Washington, ZedX and Marcus Weather – uniquely qualified to develop the Weather Impact Probability Forecast (WIPCast) system proposed herein. Our approach builds on the research and work of both Dr. Tony Eckel and Dr. Adrian Raftery in the domain of probabilistic forecasting and its practical application. Key innovations and features of our WIPCast solution include: • Calculation of Weather Impact Probability (WIP) to convey the total risk of serious degradation to the complete mission from weather • Development and application of Mission Impact Functions (MIFs) that describe the uncertainty in the chance of mission failure from actual occurrence of adverse weather • Objective calculation of ambiguity in the ensemble forecast and translation into a WIP confidence interval to convey confidence in the decision input • Statistical amalgamation of the potential impact from multivariate weather sensitivities, based on a multivariate space-time probability model for the weather elements of interest, conditioned on the calibrated ensemble forecasts • Flexible Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) that maximizes interoperability with existing systems and frameworks • Data source agnostic approach that avoids reliance on the peculiarities or idiosyncrasies of any particular mesoscale ensemble data source

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Bin Zhang
A10-065      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:A Real-Time Probabilistic Aviation Decision Aid Based on Mesoscale Weather Ensemble Forecasting
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, in partnership with the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms at the University of Oklahoma, proposes to develop a real-time, accurate, and reliable mesoscale ensemble forecasting for the probabilistic analysis of adverse weather in a 4-D framework to assist aviation decisions in terms of mission planning, enroute re-planning, and risk management. To improve the reliability and effectiveness of mission operations, the probabilistic approach fuses weather forecasts with established planning techniques so that commanders are able to plan the mission adaptively and optimally. Key elements include mesoscale ensemble forecasting based on the WRF model, extraction/interpolation of probabilities associated with adverse weather, mission planning/re-planning based on D*- Lite and rapidly-exploring random tree, and insurance-inspired risk management. The proposed system requires no meteorological interpretation by commanders and, therefore, provides tangible benefits to stakeholders at all echelons. In the Phase I, we will define, prototype and demonstrate the proposed solution within a highly modular structure such that it can be extended to provide enhancement to the deployed weather support tools such as AWRT and IWEDA. In the following phases, Impact will work closely with CAPS and OEM partners to develop a technology transition plan for military and commercial applications.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4815
Andrzej J. Przekwas
A10-066      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:A Physical and Virtual Head Phantom for Evaluating Human Performance using EEG Equipment
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop and deliver a rugged and portable human head/brain physical phantom that could be used for evaluation of existing and next generation EEG equipment. We will also develop, validate and deliver a virtual computational head phantom that could be used for evaluation of source localization. Computational models will be used to design both simple and anatomical head phantoms and the distribution and orientation of the dipole array within the head phantom as well as applied electrical signals needed to achieve typical EEG wave patterns measured in humans. In phase I, we will design and fabricate a prototype human head/brain phantom sufficient to test the fabrication process, selection of materials, implantation of dipole sources, testing of driving electronics and acquisition of EEG signals. The fabricated head phantom will be used for bench top experimental testing with and without environmental noise. At the end of phase I, an integrated prototype system will be delivered to the Army for independent evaluation. In phase II we will conduct iterative design and improvements of the new rugged and portable system of an instrumented human head/brain phantom. It will allow precise positioning of an array of intracranial dipole sources and digital control of the electronic signals. A neck model will be designed to mount the head phantom on commercially available manikins used in the vehicle safety design.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
A10-066      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Neurological Head Simulator for In-the-Field EEG Recordings
Abstract:Neuroscience is rapidly expanding beyond its traditional role in the clinic to a practical method of evaluating cognitive performance in the field. The transition of clinical neuroscience tools into operational environments is of particular interest to the military due to the need for soldiers to perform increasingly complex tasks under extremely difficult conditions. Successful transition into operational environments hinges on the ability to obtain high quality electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in the presence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) and other physiologic artifacts in a manner that is comfortable and compatible with personal protective equipment. Quantitative analysis of EEG can be used to determine concentration, fatigue, and excessive workload provided that sufficiently high quality, artifact-free signals can be recorded. The adverse nature of the environment, combined with the relatively low amplitude of EEG signals, motivates the use of realistic EEG phantoms to evaluate different recording systems, signal processing methodologies, and the impact of environmental conditions before collection of operational recordings from soldiers. This project aims to develop a head phantom capable of providing realistic EEG recordings in a wide variety of operational conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A10-066      Awarded:1/6/2011
Title:Head-Shaped Neurological Simulator System
Abstract:To address the Army need for a neurological simulator, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Head-shaped Neurological Simulator (NEUROSIM) system, based on a unique frequency synthesis algorithm and development of novel synthetic head phantom material. The innovative NEUROSIM system design allows generation of human EEG-like patterns (alpha, beta, theta, delta, and gamma waves in the range of 100 microvolts and 50 Hz) on the surface of a head-shaped physical model. As a result, researchers can use standard EEG caps and equipment to quantify external noise sources during actual field experiments and develop an artifact model to eliminate unwanted and unexpected noise sources from measured field data. Ruggedized packaging makes NEUROSIM long-lasting and maintenance-free, significantly reducing operational and ownership cost. The wireless design and user-friendly software makes it easy to program various brain states and user- defined wave patterns. In Phase I, POC will develop an engineering design and assemble a proof-of-concept prototype to demonstrate NEUROSIM feasibility by simulating EEG-like voltages on a head model. In Phase II, POC will develop two rugged, portable, field-usable, and digitally programmable working models of NEUROSIM with a technology readiness level (TRL) 4-5 for testing and verification at the Army Research Lab.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth A. Falcone
A10-067      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Low Latency Self Calibrating Constrained Digital Filter
Abstract:The Army is looking to research and develop a programmable multichannel radio frequency filter-equalizer having a programmable number of channels, each programmable with potentially unequal spacing, bandwidth, and equalization. What is needed is a digitally programmable multichannel filter-equalizer that can perform complex filtering function tailored to multiple applications. The challenging requirements include latency of less than 50 nS, channel bandwidth down to 100 KHz, and 200 MHz bandwidth with 70 dB dynamic range. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by combining our capabilities in high precision high bandwidth custom DSP hardware with our expertise in digital filtering and calibration. Specifically, we intend to integrate our existing equalization, calibration, and response matching algorithms together, and merge them into a low latency version of our frequency hopping notch filter architecture implemented on a custom PCB. The proposed self calibrating hardware design is based on our existing DSP board, and is targeted at a production cost of $6000 each in volume.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
William Hallidy
A10-067      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:ProgrammAble Multichannel Equalizing Filter System (PAMEF)
Abstract:Many radar sensors and communications systems need a multichannel filter-equalizer system that can be programmed by GUI for variable numbers of channels, each having independent center frequency, bandwidth, stop bands and equalization parameters. Military need includes systems to counter IEDs, multiband EA and EP radar systems and communication systems. Currently, programs resort to implementations consisting of parallel or switched banks of fixed bandwidth filters and passive equalizers. Digitally programmable multichannel filter-equalizers to perform filtering for varying signal environments is needed. Therefore, Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) will leverage our experience with our ADEP™ technology to create a ProgrammAble Multichannel Equalizing Filter System (PAMEF) designed so users can place multiple, independent bandwidth filters anywhere from 30 MHz to greater than 380 MHz. PAMEF will allow design of programmable filters having 0 dB gain over all channels while maintaining flatness of less than + 0.5 dB with -70 dBc in stop bands. PAMEF design permits all channels to have constant delay; it allows each channel to be independently equalized and signals from individual channels to be summed digitally or output separately to analog. Filter designs employ GUI based “draw your filter response” and low-level command programming syntax to minimize response time.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Junqing Ma
A10-068      Awarded:1/5/2011
Title:A Low Cost Process to Produce Carbon Fluoride for Lithium Batteries
Abstract:For soldiers communication applications that require long life, light weight and very low self- discharge, Li/(CFx)n lithium primary chemistry is considered to be a superior choice. The high cost of current carbon monofluoride materials, however, will add significantly to the total cost of the battery. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a low cost process to produce CFx materials with a greater than 80% cost saving. PSI’s process eliminates the usage of elemental fluorine gas and operates at a lower temperature. In the Phase I program, PSI will demonstrate the feasibility of using PSI’s electrochemical fluorination process to produce CFx materials at a significantly lower cost. Comparable electrochemical performance to state-of-the-art CFx materials in lithium cells will be demonstrated in the Phase I. In the Phase II program, PSI will scale up the CFx production to kilograms and D cells will be demonstrated in collaboration with a battery manufacturing partner.

Arbor Photonics, Inc
251 Jackson Plaza Unit A1
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 255-1338
Thomas Sosnowski
A10-069      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Compact, Rugged and Ultrafast Femtosecond Laser for Hazardous Material Detection at Range
Abstract:Arbor Photonics proposes to design a compact, rugged, high-power femtosecond (fs) pulsed fiber laser system capable of delivering pulse energy greater than 100 ěJ, pulse width narrower than 100 fs, and bandwidth broader than 25 nm. Successful development of such a laser will enable significant progress toward real-world applications of advanced, pulse laser spectroscopy for remote detection of hazardous materials. This laser system architecture will be based on the use of advanced technologies including Chirally-Coupled Core (3C) fiber in fiber-based component and amplification stages, fiber Bragg gratings for gain shaping, and volume Bragg gratings for pulse stretching and compression. 3C fibers support very large mode field diameters while maintaining a single-mode-quality beam. Large-core, single-mode-quality fiber is a necessity for meeting the challenging requirements of the specified system. Fiber Bragg gratings and volume Bragg gratings will be exploited as robust, compact means of spectral and dispersion control. Development work required to meet this SBIR’s Phase I objectives includes investigation of spectral shaping techniques based on fiber Bragg grating filters, laser system design, chirped-pulse system design based on volume Bragg gratings, and a size, weight, and power assessment.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A10-069      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Compact and Rugged Femtosecond Fiber Laser for Hazardous Material Detection at Range
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high energy (>100 micro-J and <100fs) fiber laser to meet with the requirement of this solicitation, by incorporating our proprietary technology of pulse shaping technology in high energy amplifier system. A proof of concept experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame. A prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Paul Yelvington
A10-070      Awarded:1/20/2011
Title:Compact, In-Line Sensor for Direct Measurement of Sulfur in Liquid JP-8
Abstract:Fuel cell technology has progressed to the point where fuel reforming and desulfurization has become the limiting factor. The platinum catalysts used in fuel cells are poisoned by sulfur compounds in the fuel. The proposed effort will develop a compact, rugged, in-line sensor for measuring total sulfur in JP-8 before it enters the desulfurization system. This sensor will allow better management of the desulfurization equipment and minimize its maintenance requirements (e.g., replacement of consumables). The proposed sensor is small, lightweight, and allows direct measurement of sulfur in the liquid fuel. The sensor is non-destructive and has low power requirements, making continuous, in-line monitoring possible. The technical approach will be proven out in Phase I, and a transition-ready technology demonstrator will be delivered at the end of Phase II.

Materials and Systems Research, Inc.
5395 West 700 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 530-4987
Joonho Koh
A10-070      Awarded:2/17/2011
Title:Compact and Lightweight Solid-State Electrochemical Sensor for Sulfur Oxide
Abstract:The sulfur content of JP-8 fuel varies in a wide range up to 3000 ppm and it is detrimental to a fuel cell based auxiliary power units. The concentration of sulfur must be closely monitored to allow the APU to fully function within specification. A highly selective solid-state electrochemical sensor is suitable for continuous monitoring of sulfur dioxide which is formed by conversion of all the sulfur species in the fuel at the exhaust of a fuel processor. Materials & Systems Research, Inc. has developed a unique ceramic processing technology that allows synthesis of a stable solid-state fast ion conducting material. Solid electrolyte sensors will be fabricated in Phase-I and they will be tested for demonstration of the required sensitivity, selectivity, and stability.

Plasmonics Inc.
12565 Research Parkway Suite 300
Orlando, FL 32801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 920-4844
David Shelton
A10-071      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Profile Feature Extractor (PFx) Sensor Component for Persistent ISR Applications
Abstract:Currently no source exists for detector pixels arranged in custom arrays suitable for use with the PFx sensor. Plasmonics Inc proposes to become a source for such detectors by designing a new fabrication process for custom microbolometer arrays using a novel vanadium oxide alloy. This new bolometer material has comparable temperature coefficient of resistance to commercially available products, but it has lower resistivity resulting in reduced noise and improved sensitivity. Greater sensitivity means that the sensor will have greater range which is important to the UGS program. An innovative process methodology is proposed to manufacture custom arrays without the need to re-tool a production line for each new array factor. The new detector arrays are proposed to be fabricated directly on silicon wafers, ready to be wire bonded into a PFx sensor. In phase I the feasibility of both the new alloy microbolometer fabrication process and the production methodology will be examined in laboratory experiments. Completion of the SBIR program will result in improved sensitivity sparse-array detectors that can be produced more efficiently and cost effectively than the current commercial solution.

RenderMatrix, Inc.
3118 Bluffdale
Memphis, TN 38118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(901) 490-3717
Joseph Qualls
A10-071      Awarded:2/3/2011
Title:Sensor Atom Configuration Software
Abstract:The software system, Sensor Atom Configuration Software (SACS), will use of knowledge management techniques through ontologies capturing knowledge about sensor atoms and 3D targets, advance algorithm design, and concept of operations to allow for flexible sensor system design and predict sensor performance. Sensor atoms are the fundamental unit of a sensor embodying the most basic properties in terms of temporal, spatial and spectral resolution. SACS will allow the user to chose multiple types of sensor atoms and define properties such as spatial layout and operational objectives, which will form the building blocks of a sensor configuration. The output of the sensor configuration will then be simulated with a 3D target. Features extracted from the simulated output will then be sent to performance algorithms to determine the ability of the sensor configuration to detect the 3D target with classification algorithms.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
A10-072      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Intelligent Toolset for Accessing Situational Knowledge (ITASK)
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a model-driven, agent-based Intelligent Toolset for Accessing Situational Knowledge (ITASK). This system will support Commanders and Battle Staffs in collecting and filtering data, from large information repositories in a net-centric environment, and in organizing and visualizing relevant portions to meet their critical situation awareness needs in a timely manner. We propose to use an integrated hybrid of intelligent search agents and decision support tools fitted to respond to knowledge management demands in the context of counterinsurgency planning and mission monitoring. Our approach focuses on enhancing performance in three areas: first, we will use decision models to identify critical information needs of the Battle Staff at any point in the decision making process; second, we will apply intelligent search agents to find and evaluate the information meeting those needs from the many large heterogeneous databases available; and finally, we will design a user interface with innovative display and retrieval technologies to allow rapid, efficient exploration of relevant information elements and to map them to related factors in the decision model. We will leverage our related developments in decision support systems for tactical users and prior focused research on multi-agent coordination and human interaction with intelligent systems.

Sytronics, Inc.
4433 Dayton-Xenia Road Building 1
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-6110
Jeff Collier
A10-072      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:SOLDIER ADAPTABILITY/HUMAN DIMENSION: Knowledge Management Framework for Network Centric Operations
Abstract:The amount of network-centric data from repositories, sensors, and human inputs has created significant problems that impede the effective organization of this data into actionable knowledge that can improve situation awareness and, ultimately, mission performance. Many technologies, for instance, databases and on-line mapping, have been designed to manage this information for specific task sets. However these technologies are difficult to apply broadly because the analysis tools embed a particular command intent related to the way information is organized and processed. Moreover they make this process opaque creating a host of human factors problems. This proposal describes the Search Agents and Tools for Intelligent Net-centric Operations (SATIN) concept for the development of a knowledge management based decision support system. SATIN allows the operator to incorporate his CONOPS and commander’s intent in interfaces designed to minimize cognitive workload and maximize situational awareness. SATIN will leverage an advanced filtering, fusion, and analysis (FFA) system based on a cloud-computing paradigm for processing the net-centric data sources to reduce extraneous information. It also uses advanced human interface technologies including Recognition-Primed Decision Making (RPDM) and Visual Thinking (VT) concepts to present relevant data to the human operator maximizing ease of comprehension and control.

AnthroTronix, Inc
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0770
Corinna Lathan
A10-073      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Communication-based Operational Multi-Modal Automated Navigation Device (COMMAND)
Abstract:The proposed SBIR effort seeks to design, develop, and validate a Communication and Operational Multi-Modal Automated Navigation Device (COMMAND) that 1) combines AnthroTronix, Inc (ATinc)’s existing Haptic Automated Communication System (HACS) with the Lockheed Martin Distributed Operations (DisOPS) GPS-driven mission planning and support system, and 2) incorporates a novel software system (WayPOINT) to provide intelligent, automated, multimodal information processing and display to support dismount infantry operations. The system will support a variety of input modalities, including automated recognition of standard hand and arm signal communications using ATinc’s instrumented glove (iGlove), and output modalities, including haptic feedback, auditory feedback, and visual feedback on a map-based display. The Phase I effort will include development of a prototype system and initial validation of the system within a pilot experiment comparing performance on a dual task using singular and combined input and output modalities. The Phase I Option effort will expand the capabilities of the WayPOINT software and validate the COMMAND prototype within the context of an operational task with active duty military personnel.

Engineering Acoustics, Inc.
406 Live Oaks Blvd
Casselberry, FL 32707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Gary Zets
A10-073      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Multisensory Navigation and Communications System
Abstract:Combat environments can subject personnel to extreme conditions, testing the limits of both their physical and cognitive abilities. Tactile displays offer a relatively untapped channel for dismounted warfighter navigation, and can be an effective communication modality even under situations where the conventional communication channels such as visual, audio and even vestibular become disorientated. This proposal leverages off EAI’s previously developed linear actuator tactile transducers, controllers and belt technology and proposes to extend it into a proof-of-concept system that enables the investigation of multisensory navigation among dismounted soldiers. The system would enable soldiers to quickly navigate to or away from specified waypoints or areas, while maintaining radio silence and light security. The resulting system has the potential to greatly improve the dismounted warfighter’s individual and team performance and survivability by improving situational awareness and communication in the combat environment.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Xichun Zhou
A10-074      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Integrated Lab-on-chip Universal Bio-sample Preparation Module
Abstract:We propose to develop a self-contained, integrated, disposable universal sampling platform that enables streamlined workflow in the preparation of viral and bacterial sample and obtaining PCR-ready nucleic acids and immuno-reactive content from a variety of sample matrices such as water, whole blood and plasma (virtually any biological matrix). The platform consist a low cost, disposable, microfluidic-based cassette. The cassette accepts a sample of biological fluid and performs lysis; nucleic acid isolation, concentration, as well as protein isolation and purification. The cassette stores on-board all the required buffers and dry reagents, as well as, provides on-chip pumping and flow control. The performance of the module device will be evaluated and tested by identifying the presence of Bacteria E. Coli in spiked samples. The proposed sample preparation system will allow the non-skilled user to process raw samples in a rapid, simple process, enabling push button automated lysis, concentration and purification of isolation of disease specific RNA and DNA, peptides and proteins.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0666
Ketan Bhatt
A10-074      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:µBioPrep: A Novel Microfluidic Cartridge for Universal Bio-sample Preparation
Abstract:A critical but often overlooked aspect of bioagent detection is rendering the complex environmental sample ready for detection. Commercially available sample preparation technologies are time-consuming, high cost and require trained personnel and sophisticated equipment for operation and thus are not feasible for field use. Furthermore, sample preparation technologies need to accommodate a variety of input samples (e.g., water, soil, blood) and a host of detection moieties (e.g., DNA, RNA, proteins, peptides, whole cells). Ideally, a fieldable bio-sample preparation platform should be rapid, compact, reagent-less, automated, require minimal user training, and universal. We propose to develop a general purpose µBioPrep cartridge for universal bio-sample preparation for detection of biowarfare agents. The cartridge will be based on CFDRC’s EMUS platform – a suite of microfluidic component technologies for electrokinetics-based sample preparation. It features modular design, offering a high degree of customization and electric field driven, unified physics for ease of integration and enhanced fieldability. Proof- of-concept during Phase I will be demonstrated by separating individual classes (e.g., spores, vegetative bacteria, viruses, DNA, proteins) of bioagents from heterogeneous samples. During Phase II, the individual component technologies will be optimized and integrated. The integrated microfluidic cartridge will be demonstrated for a variety of complex environmental samples.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A10-074      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Universal Bio-Sample Preparation Module
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army’s need for a technology platform for automated, universal sample preparation for biosensor systems using small volumes of samples from complex matrices, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a universal bio-sample preparation (UniBioPrep) technology, based on the combination of size-exclusion cleansing and an electrodeless dielectrophoretic (DEP) continuous-flow bio-agents separation technique followed by bio-agent purification, elution, and collection. The innovations in the UniBioPrep module will enable the module to perform biological target separation from low volumes of various complex matrices, purification, desalting if needed, concentration, and collection automatically, without use of specific reagents, and in only 5 minutes. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the UniBioPrep module by developing a benchtop prototype capable of separating and collecting individual classes of biological targets from a mixture in buffer in less than 15 minutes. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop, refine, and validate the UniBioPrep module, into a module capable of separating the biological targets from complex matrices such as homogenized food, soil, or aqueous sample from an aerosol collector within 5 minutes with the required purity.

EOS Photonics
30 Spinelli Place A
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 351-5548
Mark Witinski
A10-075      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Widely-Tunable Distributed-feedback Mid-Infrared Laser for Standoff Chemical Detection
Abstract:Important applications such as chemical sensing call for compact, broadband, high brightness lasers in the critical 3 -5 micron region of the mid-infrared spectrum. We propose to first design (Phase I) and then to produce (Phase II) a high power, broadband QCL source that can be rapidly tuned over >100 nm and is inherently rugged in its design. To accomplish this, we will integrate our patent-pending QCL array technology and several other QCL innovations developed recently by EOS Photonics, Inc..

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 984-1322
Alan C. Stanton
A10-075      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Widely-Tunable Distributed-feedback Mid-Infrared Laser for Standoff Chemical Detection
Abstract:The development of laser standoff detection systems for toxic gases is proposed. The systems will use new broadly tunable distributed feedback (DFB) lasers operating in the mid- infrared spectral region. The laser technology has already demonstrated a capability for significant wavelength tuning. The Phase I effort will focus on modeling the laser performance with the objective of extending the laser tuning range. A design will be developed for DFB lasers to be fabricated in Phase II. A standoff detection DIAL system will also be designed in Phase I to be used in a Phase II technology demonstration, targeting the remote measurement of selected toxic gases.

ArkLight, Inc
PO Box 2
Center Valley, PA 18034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 547-5375
Yuliya Zotova
A10-076      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Widely-tunable, compact, and portable terahertz source based on intracavity difference-frequency generation in dual-frequency Yb: YAG laser for identi
Abstract:By closely working with Prof. Ding’s group at Lehigh University, PI proposes to take a revolutionary approach to THz generation based on difference-frequency generation. Such a nonlinear process will take place inside the cavity of a dual-wavelength Yb:YAG laser. PI plans to demonstrate dual-wavelength operation of CW and Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers. PI’s goal is to reach the output powers of at least 1 W at each of the dual wavelengths. Subsequently, PI will achieve efficient conversion between the optical waves generated by the dual-wavelength laser and a THz output outside a Q-switched Yb:YAG laser cavity. The highest output power is expected to be 200 nW at 1 THz. PI is going to carry out feasibility studies on intracavity THz generation based on the performances of the CW and Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers tested and THz generation achieved outside the laser cavity. According to PI’s estimate, it is feasible for her to improve the THz output power to 1 mW. Moreover, she will be able to achieve the tuning range of 150 GHz - 1 THz, the linewidth of 100 MHz, and the repetition rate of 10 kHz. PI will also develop a concrete plan for identification and detection of biological agents.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 07205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 923-3028
Alexander Raspopin
A10-076      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Terahertz Emitter Based on Frequency Mixing in Microchip Solid-State Laser Cavity
Abstract:This proposed project is to produce an integrated device consisting of an input grating coupler and a an optical waveguide, nonlinear crystal, and THz waveguide. This device will be a highly efficient converter of laser optical energy into THz energy. The THz source will be highly efficient, coherent, and high-power.

Dorsan Biofuels, Inc
PO Box 2036
Chapel Hill, NC 27515
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 357-7146
Thomas Hohn
A10-077      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Energy-Dense Hydrocarbons from Eukaryotic Microorganisms
Abstract:Sustainable biofuel solutions that produce drop-in diesel and jet fuels compatible with existing petroleum-based infrastructure are critical to reducing the environmental impact of petroleum fuels and protecting US energy independence. Fungal systems can address this problem through the production of long-chain, high-energy density hydrocarbon fuels from sustainable biomass feedstocks. The objective of the proposed research is to demonstrate the efficacy of engineering a filamentous fungus that naturally produces high levels of hydrocarbon-based products to produce C15 hydrocarbon fuels. Filamentous fungi are the only eukaryotic microorganisms that can produce the enzymes required for converting lignocelluose to sugars thereby enabling process consolidation for the saccharification and fuel production steps. The resulting C15 hydrocarbon fuels can be easily separated and require minimal post-process refining. Streamlining the saccharification/fuel production processes and minimizing post-process refinement will permit development of scalable, economical processes that can meet a wide range of feedstock availability. The use of a native production system should lead to greater biocatalyst and process robustness, increasing both opportunities for process applications and cost reduction. The resulting diesel and jet fuels will have nearly identical storage, transport, and performance properties as the petroleum hydrocarbon fuels they will replace.

Evolugate, LLC
2153 SE Hawthorne Road #15
Gainesville, FL 32641
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 505-8611
Thomas Lyons
A10-077      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Energy-Dense Hydrocarbons from Eukaryotic Microalgae
Abstract:Triglycerides oils and biodiesel from various sources can be converted into renewable JP-8 through chemical means. However, the problem with this process is the cost of the triglyceride feedstock. Currently, the only source of this oil is from edible food crops. There is a concerted effort to develop non-edible alternatives, however, the establishment of such crops is hindered by the low value of agricultural (seed cake) and industrial (waste glycerol) co-products. Another critical issue is the fact that what makes an oil suitable for biodiesel production (high ratio of unsaturated fatty acids), makes it less suitable for conversion to JP- 8. We have developed a stain of heterotrophic algae that can convert these unrefined seed cake and waste glycerol into high value algae oil for additional biofuel production. We propose to increase the maximal growth temperature of this algal strain so that it can grow robustly at higher temperatures. The reason for this modification is that microbes produce much less unsaturated fatty acids at higher temperature, thereby producing oil that is more suitable for conversion to JP-8. We will alter the thermal growth parameters of this strain using experimental evolution. After producing this strain we will confirm its ability to produce a suitable oil on the lab scale.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Min-Yi Shih
A10-078      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Compact High Intensity Illumination Source
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for compact, high-intensity, low-cost, and freestanding lighting sources for high-speed photography applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Compact High Intensity Illumination Source (CHIIS). This proposed system is based on the novel integration of an array of high-intensity discharge (HID) bulbs, optical reflectors, digital ballast, and wireless remote trigger. The innovation in using commercial HID bulbs, new design of optical reflectors, and lightweight and structurally strong materials, will enable CHIIS to achieve high-intensity illumination at low power consumption and low cost of manufacturing. As a result, this system offers illumination of 300,000 lumens over a 5 ft^2 area, size of about 0.125 ft^3, weight of <25 lb, cost of <$330/unit, and free standing capabilities, which directly address the Army requirements. In Phase I POC plans to study the need for such illumination source; design the illuminator through theoretical analysis; develop a prototype for feasibility study; study the environmental and safety concerns; and define metrics for Phase II progress monitoring. In Phase II, we will conduct a design review of the prototype CHIIS; fabricate and deliver two CHIIS prototypes to ARL for further testing.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Jean F Seurin
A10-078      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Compact, High Intensity, Low Cost, Free Standing Illumination Sources
Abstract:The Army needs high power light sources for high speed photography. The cameras with frame rates of million frames/sec or higher frame rates are increasingly being used for recording of fast events such as impact of a projectile on Army platforms such as tanks and APCs or IED blasts. To image fast events from a distance of 50 to 100 meters, or inside an MRAP vehicle, high power illumination sources are needed. This is because of the fact that with higher frame rates the number of available photons decreases proportionately. For example, the number of available photons per pixel per frame for million frames per second will be approximately 33,000 times lower than 30 frames per second rate. For using the high speed cameras, Army needs an illumination intensity of 300,000 lumens for a duration of at least 30 seconds from a small source of 6x6x6" size including the batteries. Princeton Optronics proposes to use VCSELs (vertical cavity surface emitting laser), which is a new type of high power diode laser, to develop the high power illuminator for the Army. VCSEL technology has a number of advantages over LEDs and edge emitting diode lasers for the illumination applications. In phase I, we would do a study the problem which will result in development of a design for the illuminator which can be implemented in phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Pedram Boghrat
A10-079      Awarded:6/27/2011
Title:Smart Energy-Absorbing Light Body Armor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a smart body armor active protection system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new active Smart Energy-Absorbing Light Body Armor (SEALBA). This proposed body armor is based on a new impact sensor system that utilizes components developed in house and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in the ballistic impact sensor, a very fast actuator device that will direct material to intercept the ballistic device, in conjunction with shock wave kinetic energy absorbers, will enable the SEALBA to vastly increase protection while greatly reducing armor areal density. As a result, this system offers greater survivability and decreased weight, which directly address the smart body armor active protection system requirements. In Phase I, POC will characterize the smart armor subsystems, materials, and functionality, and design and fabricate a prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of the SEALBA system by displaying the system’s fast reaction time and mass transfer to neutralize incoming ballistic threats. In Phase II, POC plans to develop fully operating prototype hardware and software to TRL-4/6 and test its performance in a relevant environment.

Dakota Analytical Solutions
509 First Street
Nisland, SD 57762
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 819-1214
Teresa Corbin
A10-080      Awarded:3/7/2011
Title:FORMULATION AND PRODUCTION OF NOVEL BARRIER MATERIALS
Abstract:Development and production of materials to serve as quality control standards during evaluation of candidate materials for IPE and ColPro Acquisition Programs will be accomplished utilizing advanced nanocomposite technology. In our process, polymeric membranes serve as the building blocks for the standard materials. The polymers are hybridized with specific nanocomposite coatings that optimize permselectivity. An innovative Layer by Layer (LBL) assembly process is incorporated to create layered nanocomposites that can be customized to optimize specificity for various chemical agents, simulants, and TIC/TIMs. Utilizing a bilayer technique, electrostatic forces and donor/acceptor interactions bond the nanocomposites to the polymers creating a membrane of the strength necessary to withstand the rigorous swatch testing conditions. The LBL process delivers a uniform membrane that can be manufactured on a production scale. The novel nanocomposite polymers will be compared to carbon nanotube membranes. While carbon nanotubes have shown success in providing permselectivity, their high cost limits their prospects for commercialization. Further, recent concerns regarding the unknown health risks associated with carbon nanotubes may hinder commercialization and may pose an unnecessary risk to analysts conducting swatch testing. The use of the nanocomposite membranes will eliminate that potential risk while providing quality control standard materials at a reasonable cost.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Matthew Erdtmann
A10-081      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Silicon Nanowire Phototransistor (SNAP) Imager
Abstract:Agiltron, in partnership with the University of California–San Diego (UCSD), will develop the Silicon Nanowire Phototransistor (SNAP) Imager, a silicon-based imager with unprecedented capability for low light level imaging. The unique nanoscale architecture of the fully CMOS-compatible silicon nanowire phototransistor creates colossal internal gain at biases on the order of one volt, a level of performance that is unprecedented in a solid state imager. When monolithically integrated with CMOS readout integrated circuitry (ROIC) at the pixel level, a highly compact, solid state, low light level imager with uncooled operation and performance equivalent to a Gen-3 image intensifier tube will be realized, making it ideally suited for helmet- or eyeglass-mounted operation.

AmplificationTechnologies, Inc.
1400 Coney Island Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 951-8021
Yuriy Yevtukhov
A10-081      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:Novel Low Light Level Solid State Imaging Arrays
Abstract:Amplification Technologies proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of developing novel low light level solid state imaging arrays utilizing the break through technology of discrete amplification technology with very high gain, low noise, high detection efficiency and having no external quenching circuits. It is expected that the proposed devices would have significantly superior performance characteristics than conventional avalanche photodetector arrays and vacuum tube based devices.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Andrew E. Paul
A10-082      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Optical Waveform Correlator for Closed Loop Infrared Countermeasures (CLIRCM)
Abstract:Current infrared counter measure (IRCM) system for rotary wing platforms require cues from the missile warning system (MWS) that detects the launch of a surface to air missile. The current state-of-the-art MWS have been challenged with false alarm issues and handoff errors that stress the requirements of the countermeasure systems. Closed loop infrared counter measures (CLIRCM) concepts based on optical augmentation (OA) from the missile seeker present an opportunity to address several issues that challenge near term IRCM approaches. CLIRCM allows the ability to detect and identify threats prior to launch maximizing the CM effectiveness. Additionally, by the nature of the method handoff errors are eliminated if the active detection system is also used as the laser CM. Areté proposes to develop a unique and robust CLIRCM concept that detects, identifies and tracks the missile before the launch by enabling detection and identification of missile seeker optics in real time.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Eric Magee
A10-082      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Closed Loop Optically Adaptive Countermeasure (CLOAC) System
Abstract:MZA proposes an active, closed loop, IRCM which will integrate the features of the threat detection, tracking, interrogation, jamming, and effectiveness verification. The Closed Loop Optically Adaptive Countermeasure (CLOAC) system includes all features of current active IRCM with the addition of a capability to include spatial phase modulation to aid in discrimination and jamming effectiveness. We believe that spatial phase modulation coupled with pulse modulation, the robustness of the jamming waveform is dramatically improved. The addition of spatial phase modulation may also improve the robustness of jamming. Initial analysis shows the effect of spatial phase modulation on the reticle modulation is consistent for different types of reticles. This fact is important due to the endless cycle of missile, countermeasure, counter-countermeasures in that the added degree of freedom in jamming signal will expedite the creation of new jamming signals as the missile seekers evolve. There is also the opportunity of using spatial phase modulation to defeat imaging seekers by using beam shaping. By applying a pre-computed 2-d phase modulation scheme, the profile of the laser light on the focal plane array can be varied and potentially cause the seeker to break lock.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn , MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Pierre-Yves Emelie
A10-083      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Four-Color Imager Based on Si-Ge
Abstract:In this program, Agiltron, Inc. and RTI International propose a four-color sensor based on SiGe alloys. The sensor will provide sequential detection in the UV, visible, near infrared (NIR), and mid-wave infrared (MWIR) bands. The sensor is composed of a stack of photodiodes sensitive to different bands of radiation to achieve broadband detection. The photodiodes are activated sequentially by implementing a novel voltage-tuning scheme. Our goal is to develop the first single UV/Vis/NIR/MWIR integrated sensor to cover the whole range of threats faced by Army rotary wing platforms. As a technical demonstration, we will deliver a four-color 320 × 256 imaging sensor sensitive to all four wavebands.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
A10-083      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Stacked Ultraviolet Visible and Infrared Sensor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for multi-threat passive detection technology for aircraft survivability equipment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Stacked Ultraviolet Visible and Infrared Sensor (SUVIS) for multi-spectral imaging based on multi-band spectral image routing and multi-band—UV, visible, NIR, MWIR—sensor integration. When combined with a wide field-of-view reflective optics, such as the multi- aperture compound eye optics, the system will provide target detection and location via sensor data processing. Innovations in the single integrated multispectral sensor design with a scalability for other IR bands will allow development of a single missile, laser, hostile- fire, multi-threat warning sensor for the protection of Army rotary wing platforms from these primary threat classes. In Phase I, POC will identify design methodologies, critical design parameters, and key component evaluation of SUVIS technology, develop an initial design, analyze its performance, and demonstrate its novel features through a laboratory prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the SUVIS system and to build, test, and demonstrate the sensor prototype in a laboratory breadboard configuration against a simulated or real threat environment involving the three threat classes of interest.

AKELA, Inc.
5551 Ekwill Street Suite A
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 683-6414
Allan Hunt
A10-084      Awarded:3/11/2011
Title:Wall Characteristic Extraction for Through Wall Radar Systems
Abstract:AKELA is proposing to leverage the experience we have gained in developing systems for through the wall sensing by using our high performance field tested radar technology as the starting point for wall characteristic extraction algorithm development, performing experiments to bound major development risk areas, and using this data to determine achievable accuracy for extracting wall characteristics. Algorithms that are developed will be tested with Visibuilding data to verify performance.

eWave Informatics
3 Red Bird Lane
Conshohocken, PA 19428
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 299-9659
Benita Luttcher
A10-084      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Multilayered Wall Characteristic Extraction for Through Wall Radar Systems
Abstract:The primary objective of this Phase I project is to develop radar-based techniques and algorithms to accurately estimate the parameters of walls, such as dielectric constant, conductivity (or loss-tangent) and thickness, as well as to devise methods that can characterize inhomogeneous walls by detecting presence of foiled-back insulation, reinforced wires/studs, water pipes, and enclosed air-gaps, e.g., in hollow concrete (cinder- block) walls. The wall parameter estimation can be performed either in time-domain (suitable for modulated pulse or impulse radar operation) or in frequency-domain (suitable for CW or step-frequency radar operation). To achieve this we propose to apply and compare the accuracy and robustness of several alternative techniques including time-domain Reflectometry, Least-Squares method, Singularity Expansion Method (SEM), Evolutionary based optimization and Ellipsometry. In addition, we will investigate the following techniques for characterization of inhomogeneous walls: i) a technique based on the frequency signature of calibrated wall’s reflected signal to detect the presence of conductor a back- plated wall, ii) a hybrid of ‘effective’ parameter estimation and subsurface imaging to characterize and image existence and location of re-bars, air-gaps and/or other wall’s interior structures, and iii) use of cross-polar scattered fields or other polarization-based radar techniques for detection of reinforced wires or water pipes and their orientations.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem Sabet
A10-085      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Scenario Based Modeling of Electronic Systems
Abstract:In this SBIR project we will develop an integrated software framework for RF system-of- systems simulation. The framework will feature a number of "Point Tools" that can address and solve certain types of problems very efficiently. The primary concept is to decompose a large computational domain into a number of smaller and more manageable sub-domains. Each sub-domain is solved using the "right" point tool. The sub-domain solutions should then be assembled and interfaced in a systematic way to finally arrive at the solution of the original larger-scale problem. We propose to use the concept of equivalent Huygens surfaces as a robust interface among the various sub-domains.

Remcom Inc.
315 S. Allen St Suite 222
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-1299
Greg Skidmore
A10-085      Awarded:3/22/2011
Title:Scenario Based Modeling of Electronic Systems
Abstract:The ability to model complex systems relevant to EW defeat scenarios, currently requires a knowledgeable user to decompose high-level phenomena into a set of individual phenomena in order to model each phenomenon individually. There are no end-to-end models or systems of models that can appropriately model all aspects of the problem and coherently bring them together into an accurate solution. This results in two key disadvantages: (1) The process of performing multi-step simulations is time consuming (2) The approach requires expertise across several codes The development of a Scenario-Based Electronic Systems Modeling tool will eliminate the need for a knowledgeable user to run each simulation, and will reduce run times and errors. The tool will encapsulate the models of interest in one tool, and automatically decompose electronic system emplacement scenarios into separate problem spaces, recommend to the user which of the available COTS EM models are best suited for the problem, then run and display the results through a user-friendly GUI. This will improve the Army's ability to develop effective defeat solutions in a timelier manner, and can be used by general users for a variety of system and operational level electronics system scenarios.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 07205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 923-3028
Yan Zhang
A10-086      Awarded:5/19/2011
Title:Spectroscopic Home Made Explosive Detector
Abstract:This proposed project is aimed at the development and demonstration of a cost-effective and power-efficient advanced remote sensing technology able to detect home made explosives. The system will be specifically designed to detect trace amount of the out-gassed by- products of explosive materials, in particular, ammonia species using infrared absorption spectroscopic techniques. The system will be a portable unit working at a stand-off detection distance with an eye-safe laser wavelength and energy, while not triggering the explosive components themselves. The system will also be able to display the data and generate an alarm when there are suspicious explosive materials on the personnel, the loaded vehicle or the structure undergoing stand-off inspection.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Brad Sallee
A10-086      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Explosive Detection LADAR (EDL)
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a miniature class 1 eye- safe LADAR to provide explosive detection and classification through use of Raman scattering spectroscopy. The system is a hand held device interfacing to a tough book computer, allowing operation by dismount troops. The unit can find IEDs, Identify Suicide Bombers and interrogate suspicious packages and vehicles. The LADAR is an adaptation of the SPEC family of miniature 32 channel scanning LADARs. As adapted, one channel receives the transmit wavelength (Rayleigh scattering) for ranging and 3D imaging, the other 31 channels are gated by the Rayleigh channel and tuned to Stokes backscatter Raman spectral lines of explosives, both military and homemade. The fiber DWDM receiver structure, based on communications industry technology, has temperature stability of 5% band over -65F to 165F . The SPEC LADAR receiver, using SiPM sensors, achieves 8/1 signal to noise ratio on single photon detects, allowing near theoretical receiver performance. The receiver operates to 400KHz laser pulse rate and allows 3D imaging through thick vegetation by receiving the first 3 objects in range. The unique gating and sensor structure allows Raman detection to over 100m range.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Richard Fink
A10-087      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Portable, Low-Cost Approach for Identification Based on Individual Scent (IBIS)
Abstract:Uniquely identifying an individual based on biometric information can currently be performed by using fingerprints, facial images and eye scans. These techniques frequently require the cooperation or at a minimum the acknowledgement from an individual that information is being gathered from them. An urgent need arises for non-cooperative surreptitious biometric collection tools, which may play an important role in real-time security monitoring and intelligence gathering. A biometric that can be collected non-cooperatively and from a distance (space and time) is an individual’s scent. For individual identification, one needs to look at the volatile organic compounds that reflect the individual’s gene expression and not other secondary confounding effects. This proposal will leverage the numerous studies and research efforts that have been conducted in order to refine the ability of uniquely identifying an individual based on the MHC-controlled odor profile and will demonstrate that an instrument consisting of a gas chromatograph coupled with a differential mobility spectrometer (a specific configuration of ion mobility) can provide the needed selectivity and sensitivity in a small, robust and relatively inexpensive package.

Li Creative Technologies
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Bozhao Tan
A10-087      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Identification Based on Individual Scent (IBIS)
Abstract:The need arises to explore biometrics that can identify a person at crime scenes. One such biometric that can be collected non-cooperatively is an individual’s scent. The goal of human scent research is to facilitate to development of sensor systems, whether based on contact or non-contact method of odor collection. The research proposed herein will provide key foundational knowledge that will ultimately enable informed, intelligent design of sensors with high selectivity and low detection limits. In the Phase I period, we will collaborate with Dr. Stephanie Schuckers at Clarkson University for human scent subject collection and data analysis. This research will address several unanswered questions relevant to developing sensor systems for human odor detection, including the necessary VOCs and respective concentration, the confidence in uniquely identifying an individual when odor degrades over time, etc. Answers to these questions will not only aid in hardware design, but in signal analysis as well. Sensor systems will ultimately possess software that will determine signal quality, necessary enhancement levels, and automated matching tasks. The approach taken herein will propose a novel solution for non-cooperative biometric authentication, which will also influence the design of fingerprint, iris, and facial capture systems in the future.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Tim Faltemier
A10-088      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Forensic Facial Image Analysis Providing 3D Mapping, Meta-tagging, Comparative Operation and Search System
Abstract:With the growing concerns surrounding security and terrorism around the world, biometrics has become one of the premier solutions to combat these issues. By extracting unique anatomical features and markings we can not only learn the identity of subjects but also their associations in social groups based on our novel research regarding Scars, Marks, and Tattoos (SMT). In this proposal, we present a solution that will significantly lower identification time of any face recognition algorithm by reducing the overall number of “possible subjects” through the use of soft biometric indexing and identify potential linkages to groups based on extracted SMT data. Based on our significant prior published experience in this area and current Phase II SBIR research and development (ONR N08-077 – Automated Entity Classification in Video Using Soft Biometrics), we will construct a solution that leverages soft biometric features (e.g. age, race, gender, skin, hair, eye color, scars, marks, and tattoos etc.) which can be automatically extracted from face images based on their color, shape, and relation to facial landmarks. Finally, our system will leverage our novel 2D-to-3D facial reconstruction technology to provide accurate results regardless of subject cooperation and facial pose (- 90 to 90).

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
A10-088      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Forensic Facial Image Analysis providing 3D Mapping, Metatagging, Comparative Operation and Search System
Abstract:The ability to accurately catalog and search through vast repositories of human images has been difficult to achieve for several reasons. The most common approach to this problem involves the manual tagging of images with textual descriptions. Unfortunately, manual tagging is a laborious process, and the resulting tags are often misleading or incorrect, as can be seen in Figure 1. Securics, Inc. has created a new type of solution for the problem of forensic facial images with our use of automatically computed descriptive facial attributes. With the attribute approach, we can define any number of new attributes for features of interest, including scars, marks, and tattoos. For this Phase I SBIR effort, we intend to extend our existing technology for flexible detainee processing and management by incorporating highly unique facial and body features from a variety of source imagery. Securics and our partner the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs bring the experience and expertise of two important research groups in computer vision investigating human biometrics. Based on our substantial past experience in the specific area of forensic facial image analysis, we are confident in a high degree of success for our effort.

Technology Service Corporation
3415 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 800
Los Angeles, CA 90034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 601-8321
Wayne Haack
A10-089      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors Electronic Protection (TC-CAS EP)
Abstract:Low-frequency synthetic aperture radars (SARs), which tend to have very broad antenna beams and relatively small waveform bandwidths, are inherently vulnerable to unintentional RFI and to intentional electronic attack (EA). EA is typically performed using either: 1) a barrage noise or swept spot noise jammer or 2) a coherent DRFM repeater. The interference or jamming signals can enter the SAR through its mainlobe, sidelobes and/or backlobes. No single electronic protection (EP) technique is sufficient to address all of these interference and deception sources. Therefore TSC will investigate a variety of EP approaches that include: 1) the use of multiple phase center antenna array processing including both an algebraic solution for the antenna pattern adaptation and an adaptive singular value decomposition (SVD) approach for post-processing image enhancement, 2) robust SAR waveforms and mismatched pulse compression filters, and 3) adaptive antenna polarization agility. Two or more of these techniques can be simultaneously applied to address the RFI / EA scenario. TSC will also investigate methods to identify when RFI and/or EA is present, allowing the proposed EP techniques to only be employed under appropriated environmental conditions.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3610
David Kirk
A10-089      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors Electronic Protection (TC-CAS EP)
Abstract:The Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors (TC-CAS) such as the Tactical Reconnaissance and Counter-Concealment Enabled Radar (TRACER) are designed to penetrate foliage, camouflage netting, and even structures to detect concealed targets. The systems operate in the VHF, UHF and L-band frequencies to enable the penetration capabilities. These frequency bands also contain a number of other systems as well, including commercial television and radio transmitters, two-way radios, glide-slope landing beacons, cell phones, GPS signals, and many others. These systems result in a significant amount of radio frequency interference (RFI) that significantly degrades the system performance by raising the system noise level. In addition the radar system can interfere with the other mission critical systems such as glide-slope landing beacons or SINGARS radio systems. Deliberate electronic attack (EA) is also of concern. During this effort, ISL will develop new techniques to mitigate the effects of RFI and EA including adaptive transmit waveforms, adaptive notching on receive, and space-time adaptive processing (STAP). The optimal solution will be determined and implemented in such a way as to maximize the image quality, while minimizing the impact on the system time-line.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 458-5963
Robert Woodley
A10-090      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Causal-View
Abstract:The ability to see and understand the data is critical to situational awareness. As data becomes more prevalent, the need to link causal data into actionable information becomes paramount. Analysts are faced with mountains of data, and finding that piece of relevant information is the proverbial needle in a haystack, only with dozens of haystacks. Analysis tools that facilitate identifying causal relationships across multiple data sets are sorely needed. 21st Century Systems, Inc. (21CSI) proposes Causal-View, a causal data-mining visualization tool, to address this challenge. 21CSI has experience in developing integrated information analysis tools that enable analysts, operators, etc. to discover and see data from any source. Causal-View provides causal analysis tools to fill the gaps in the causal chain. Causal-View Phase I will research multiple algorithms to provide a rich toolkit for the user. Our ongoing research and development in ISR data analysis, CBM data-mining, and reasoning under uncertainty provides a strong background for Causal-View. From our previous successes, Causal-View technology has existing avenues of transition to the warfighter where this technology is needed. Easily, with our 100% commercialization rating, 21CSI is the right company to assist the analyst and engineer alike with causal data mining.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A10-090      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Redescription, Malleable Visualization, and Storytelling for Causal Data Mining
Abstract:Harmonia proposes creating a dynamic Bayesian networks and redescription/story telling (DBN-RS) tool to help solve problems such as the problem of condition-based maintenance for vehicles. DBN-RS offers two means of data mining. The first is DBN which is used in an automated mode on discrete event streams, and by applying an algorithm that marries frequent pattern mining with probabilistic modeling (DBN). DBN includes frequent pattern mining which is scalable to large data sets but does not exhibit the rigorous probabilistic interpretations that are the mainstay of the graphical models literature. DBN also includes probabilistic modeling providing a formal probabilistic basis to model relationships between time-indexed random variables but is intractable to learn in the general case – and hence they do not normally scale well. The second means of data mining is an interactive visualization method that permits human guided exploration of data to try to “connect the dots” and see if there is a relationship between entities or events (RS). The goal of this research is to identify causal relationships from large data sets using these means of data mining in one tool.

Primordial, Inc
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy Milbert
A10-091      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Bedlam OCU™: Adversarial Reasoning System for Unmanned Platforms
Abstract:Primordial, Carnegie Mellon University, iRobot, and AeroVironment propose Bedlam OCU™—an adversarial reasoning system for unmanned platforms. Team Primordial will start with our existing state-of-the-art Surveyor OCU, which already fully or partially meets 78% of the topic’s requirements including enabling UAV/UGV collaboration, autonomously tracking targets, predicting adversary movement, providing a mission execution framework, enabling mission planning, mitigating cognitive load, and having a practical fielding plan. Using Surveyor OCU, Team Primordial has conducted numerous live, semi-autonomous ground vehicle tracking experiments using AeroVironment Raven UAVs and iRobot PackBot UGVs. From this proven baseline, we will develop Bedlam OCU—a handheld version of the Surveyor OCU with upgraded adversary prediction and target reacquisition modules. The upgraded adversary prediction module will account for terrain features, evasive maneuvers, and likely destinations. The upgraded target reacquisition module will enable an unmanned platform to autonomously reacquire a target if tracking fails. Primordial will test the upgraded modules using simulations incorporating computer- and human-controlled adversaries executing various strategies such as maximizing speed, minimizing visibility, or randomizing movements. Working with iRobot and AeroVironment, Primordial will also develop a transition plan for ensuring Bedlam OCU’s ultimate fielding. Finally, Primordial will deliver a report detailing Bedlam OCU’s design, development, and testing.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Gaemus E. Collins
A10-091      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Adversarial Reasoning for Advanced Unmanned Teaming (AVERT)
Abstract:Toyon proposes to develop adversarial target prediction algorithms and a mission execution framework that supports collaborative teaming of airborne and ground based Unmanned Systems (UMS) to enable tracking and surveillance of uncooperative targets. The proposed AVERT system will include automatic video processing, global fusion and tracking, adversarial reasoning and prediction, UMS control logic, and an application for a handheld iPhone, iPad, or Android device enabling the operator to interface with the system. Toyon's field-proven video processing algorithms will automatically detect moving targets in video, then digitize and compress the video stream for low-bandwidth transmission to the handheld device. Target detections will be automatically geo-registered using sensor state data from the platform GPS and IMU, then fused into target tracks in the ground plane, enabling autonomous tracking even in urban and complex environments. Ground plane tracks will be sent to the UMS operator for viewing and passed on to advanced UMS control algorithms. Motion control algorithms will use adversarial modeling to anticipate future actions of the target, then optimize the platform trajectory and sensor orientation to obtain clear-line-of- sight to the target and maintain persistent surveillance. A decentralized control architecture will be used to enable each UMS to operate autonomously or optimize collaborative actions between several UMS, while keeping bandwidth use low. The AVERT handheld application will receive data from all UMS within range, fuse multiple data streams to display an aggregate operational picture, and respond to the Warfighter's requests.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2489
Jeanine Ayers
A10-092      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:CrossCORE: Cross-Context Ontology Reasoning Environment
Abstract:Advanced Army C2 technologies are becoming ever more present in today’s wars, enabling Commanders at all levels to have a greater understanding of the battlefield. However, current C2 technology does not actively measure, define, or represent the Commander’s “contextual framework”, which can lead to a failure by Commanders and supporting teams to retain important contextual information over time. To fill this gap, Aptima, Inc. proposes to develop the Cross-Context Ontology Reasoning Environment (CrossCORE), a unique solution for managing contextual information within C2 systems. CrossCORE will be built upon an agent-based framework that leverages and expands upon Aptima’s context definition research, and formally encapsulates contextual elements into an ontology housed within intelligent agents. A unique aspect of this ontology will be an implicit model that measures Commander interactions with a C2 system to make inferences about activities and goals, which will provide key inputs to the CrossCORE ontology. The CrossCORE agent will rely on a formalized, data-driven contextual framework to mediate the flow of C2 data by retaining critical contextual information, adding saliency to particular elements of interest on the common operating picture, and collaborating with other CrossCORE agents to enhance the level of shared situational awareness between Commanders.

Evidence Based Research, Inc.
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 250
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 869-1658
Dennis K. Leedom
A10-092      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Contextual Framework for Command and Control Decision Making
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR research proposal outlines a flexible and responsive context knowledge management framework that provides an innovative approach to developing a dynamic battlefield visualization management tool for military commanders. A unique feature of this design is the explicit representation of two interconnected forms of contextual knowledge—structural/functional context and narrative context—that enable the dynamic construction of meaning and relevance. The proposed framework responds to the requisite variety of contextual knowledge demanded by wicked operational environments that are characterized by (1) multiple cause-effect dimensions (e.g., political, military, economic, social, information, and infrastructure), (2) alternative interpretations and stakeholder interests, (3) emergent problem factors, and (4) an emphasis on problem framing rather than problem solving. The proposed context knowledge framework acknowledges the socially constructed nature of meaning and understanding in the real world by integrating a combination of concept mapping, qualitative and quantitative modeling, and wiki knowledge base management methods into an analytically rigorous framework that can be integrated with an existing military command and control systems. This resulting methodology will facilitate the rapid construction, collaborative reconciliation, and dynamic maintenance of situation understanding and operational campaign design across a military command and control organization.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Ranga Narananaswami
A10-093      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Intelligent Human Motion Classification and Quantification
Abstract:US soldiers increasingly have the need to operate in GPS-denied environments or in environments without access to GPS, such as caves and indoor buildings. To date, inertial integration and pedometry have been used for position estimation in such environments. The inertial integration process suffers from excessive velocity drift over time and leads to errors in position estimation. Pedometry avoids velocity drift, but depends on an estimated scale factor that converts steps into distance traveled. A fundamental problem with direct pedometry for position estimation in GPS-denied environments is that a scalar step count cannot be translated to a vector displacement for an accurate position update. SSCI's approach for position estimation employs segmentation, classification, and quantification techniques for position estimation. The segmented motion classes will be used as inputs to a transfer function that is aware of different scale factors for different motions. SSCI is teaming with Draper Labs for this effort. Draper Labs is one of the world’s premier sources of guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C) expertise and has the domain experience, advanced sensor technology, comprehensive algorithm and software design and development skills, and testing capabilities needed to support SSCI in the development of an improved and innovative personal navigation system.

Yotta Navigation Corporation
3365 Mauricia Avenue
Santa Clara, CA 95051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 242-7026
William Deninger
A10-093      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Intelligent Human Motion Detection Sensor
Abstract:Yotta Navigation proposes to develop a rugged, secure, compact, real-time human motion detection sensor. This navigation aid device will be suitable for military operations. Yotta Navigation’s approach will provide reliable positioning, attitude (orientation), and altitude (elevation) data at rates of up to 50 Hz, in the total absence of GPS. This device will augment and improve navigation equipment developed under the Future Force Warrior program. Each solider can be equipped with a compact, low-cost device. The primary function of the system is to measure, log, analyze and determine the current location, orientation, mode and posture of the soldier and securely communicate that information. The system will maximize the use of recent advances in commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components such as digital signal processors (DSP) and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies. Because the proposed SBIR solution can build on the existing Yotta MOUTman platform, a field-testable prototype system is achievable by the end of the Phase I. This Phase I effort will culminate in a high-quality proof-of-concept design, testable prototype, and quantifiable performance results. Yotta Navigation will provide (1) an extensive human motion profile database, (2) profile calculation and error estimation algorithms and (3) prototype devices at the conclusion of this Phase I effort.

Camgian Microsystems Corporation
2500 Maitland Center Parkway Suite 203
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 660-9900
Michael Hagedorn
A10-094      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Advanced Thermoelectric Milli-Power Source
Abstract:Energy can be harvested or scavenged from many environmental sources such as: solar, wind, vibrations, temperature gradients, etc. Two common issues related to environmental energy sources are limited/unpredictable availability and limited/unpredictable quantity. This proposal examines the requirements for the efficient harvesting of energy based on the temperature gradient that exists between the human skin and the surrounding environment. This source has the advantage that it is essentially available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The challenges of this work include quantifying and working with the low energy flux (mW/cm2) of the human body, the range of body-to-ambient temperature gradients (from a few degrees to tens of degrees centigrade), and the sensitivity of human tissue to extreme temperatures. This proposal will apply Camgian Microsystems’ low power design technology with RTI’s efficient thermo-electric technology to the solutions of these challenges.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Daniel Bock
A10-094      Awarded:12/3/2010
Title:Seebeck-Utilizing Charge-Collecting Undergarment Battery Unattended Source
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a new body-worn, energy-harvesting thermoelectric power source, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Seebeck-Utilizing Charge-Collecting Undergarment Battery Unattended Source (SUCCUBUS). This proposed device is based on a new thermal garment design that utilizes a new type of thermal electric material for high-efficiency thermal-to-electrical energy conversion, as well as POC’s power management system to control the power system including battery recharging, power supply to the electrical systems, and system monitoring. The innovation in new materials embedded within a spandex undergarment will enable the device to convert thermal energy at a rate of approximately 3 mW/cm^2/K^2, (or 12 mW/cm^2 at 2 K difference). This device offers a large amount of power to recharge Land Warrior battery systems, and power electronics directly, while cooling the soldier, and directly addresses the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SUCCUBUS by simulation and lab verification, with some off-the-shelf hardware, of the applicability of the technology to field use. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize and develop the components from Phase I, and deliver three prototype systems for testing.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7195
Eugene Rogan Creswick
A10-095      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:A Consistency Tool for User Interface Development
Abstract:Ensuring User Interface consistency is extremely difficult---manual review and developer coordination is required to achieve uniform interaction metaphors across operating systems, web browsers, applications, and disparate devices. This is complicated by the capabilities of various UI toolkits and specific devices, as well as the development choices of the application programmers. We propose a workflow that uses a Domain-Specific Language (termed the Semantic User Interface Markup, or SUIM) to represent user interface guidelines to produce executable code. This DSL is a wide-spectrum language: it can serve as a non-executable specification language for capturing the generic constraints of User Interface Guidelines; and yet it is also able to specify detailed screen descriptions and user interactions which can be directly translated into code. Portions of the user interfaces that are not defined by a 'specification' can be either refined by the DSL (by further additions to the specification) or left open, to be implemented by user code. Our design provides organizations with the ability to specify and distribute UI guidelines that can be integrated directly into the application development workflow, providing an unprecedented level of application consistency without restricting the programmer's development environment.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A10-095      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:LiquidApps®: Consistent Battle Command System Visualization through a Second Generation Model Based Approach
Abstract:We propose a comprehensive system to support the definition and governance of user interface (UI) standards, and to simplify compliance with standards across diverse platforms as designers create new UIs. However, we also allow platform-specific features to be exploited, so the consistency is in defined logical according to a meta-model that relates each platform to each other. New platforms that come to market in the future are easily integrated into LiquidApps through its meta-model. Thus designers can use artwork and graphical effects specific to a platform, yet insure the behavior and logical layout matches other platforms. Furthermore, our solution helps migrate a UI from one platform to another, and even accounts for different form factors (e.g., desktop to mobile device). The product is based on a UI design technology designed primarily under DoD funding, LiquidApps, which has proven itself in creating thousands of UIs for in DoD. Through using graphical editing environment LiquidApps allows the subject matter expert to design the user interfaces (within preset framework) even if they are not programmers, including definition of basic UI behavior. Code is automatically generated for programmers to refine into final applications. Standards are enforced through style sheets and reusable parts inventories.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
James P Novak
A10-096      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Nanotechnology Enabled Thermal Management Materials
Abstract:Modern power electronics operate with greater electrical output and smaller package dimensions than ever before. This creates tremendous thermal stress on the individual components and defines stringent requirements for thermal management. Applied Nanotech, Inc. will demonstrate its CarbAl(TM) thermal management composite for power electronic substrate replacements. CarbAl(TM) is a dense composite comprised of 80% carbon and 20% aluminum. This composite material has very low thermal expansion rates, a thermal diffusivity nearly three times that of bulk copper and a density close to aluminum. Through Nanotechnology we have developed this material to provide increased thermal transfer capabilities. These combined properties define a novel nanotechnology enabled composite that can be used to decrease the thermal load and overall package dimensions of power electronics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
A10-096      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Nanostructure-Enhanced Modular Cooler
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a nanotechnology-enhanced approach to improving the performance of the power electronics applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nanostructure-Enhanced Modular Cooler (NEMC) technology. This proposed system is based on the combination of an array of high-performance thermal superconductors for spot cooling the components and a wide-area fluidic nano-suspension thermal stabilization system, providing the thermal interface to the external air-cooled heatsink. The innovative maintenance-free NEMC design, utilizing the latest advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology and lacking any moving parts, will allow substantial increase in the continuous output power density of the power electronics components of military-grade power generator units, such as the deployable 3-kW Tactical Quiet Generators (TQG) currently used by the Army, enabling these diesel-driven generators to achieve over 20% higher power rating even in the most extreme tactical environments—including desert deployment—without sacrificing reliability and at minimal cost to the military. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of NEMC by analytically and numerically modeling the system and building a bench-top test prototype based on the simulation results. Experience gained from these tests will be utilized in constructing an optimized prototype in Phase II.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C.J.Reddy
A10-097      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a low-profile body-wearable VHF antenna (30MHz to 88MHz) for peer-to-peer communications. A requirement is that the antenna be fitted and practically integrated within the soldier's Improved Outer Tactical Vest (IOTV). Two antenna types are typically used for this application: a) a whip antenna with large visual signature that hinders soldier mobility, making it unattractive, 2) meandered antenna using a long coaxial wire (Mantenna) weaved into the IOTV. The latter antenna is attractive in terms of low profile, but its implementation has so far led to poor performance, well below achievable bandwidth and gain limits. In this SBIR effort, Applied EM and its team members are proposing an innovative antenna solution aimed at reaching optimal performance limits. The proposed body wearable antenna incorporates technologies that include a) Artificial Transmission Lines (ATL) and shaping for miniaturization, b) multi-stage impedance tuning, and c) very thin and lightweight ferrite shielding. The latter is placed between the antenna and body to mitigate body losses. More importantly, it plays a critical role in shielding the soldier's body from RF radiation without appreciable weight impact. Our focus will be on a body-wearable antenna system that is broadband, has optimal gain performance, ease of use, and fully integrated into the IOTV. Preliminary data demonstrate that our concept will lead to a mantenna that can reach near-optimal limits.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-5211
Dean Paschen
A10-097      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:The goals of this Phase I program are twofold. FIRST RF will demonstrate a broadband, VHF body-wearable antenna that is concealed and conformal. The antenna technology developed is designed to replace the currently-fielded 1-meter whip antenna used for communication in the SINCGARS radio band. Motivation for a body-wearable antenna stems from the large visual signature and significant impact on today’s warfighters imposed by these 1-meter whip antennas. The second goal of the proposed effort is to use a common test platform and environment to evaluate and characterize commercially-available wearable antenna technologies offered as alternatives to the 1-meter whip antenna. Evaluation will mainly be focused on the specific absorption rate (SAR) experienced by the user in addition to a comprehensive (quantitative and qualitative) characterization of electrical performance. Leveraging past development efforts, FIRST RF has established the professional experience and the tools to accurately determine radiation exposure levels through both simulation and measurement.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1071
James Lilly
A10-097      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:JEM proposes to research the feasibility of using Genetic Algorithm optimization and broadband matching techniques to develop and optimize a wideband (30-88 MHz) antenna for integration onto the Improved Outer Tactical Vest. JEM believes that these technologies can achieve performance similar to the 1-meter whip antenna within the same per-unit cost.

Cortix Systems
107 S. West Street PMB 443
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 501-2326
Matt Piekarczyk
A10-098      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Adapterless Information Consolidation
Abstract:Cortix Systems LLC proposes to develop a system which would provide real-time turn-key integration of Army's data systems without the need for development of custom adapters or configuration of mapping files. This system will be able to feed information to a dynamic user interface or serve as a core translator within system-of-systems architectures such as SOA.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 967-5079
Robert Wray
A10-098      Awarded:10/26/2010
Title:Adapterless Information Consolidation
Abstract:Sharing data between software systems developed at different times and with different functional goals has proven notoriously difficult. Today’s disparate software systems are still largely integrated via manual development of custom “adapter” software. Adapters increase integration and lifecycle costs, sometimes cause significant delays in useful access to source data, and introduce errors. The costs of adapter-based solutions are particularly acute for today’s Army due to increased costs, deployment delays, and the resulting impacts on tactical operations and missions. An “adapterless” approach to information sharing and consolidation would mitigate the costs and provide substantial benefit to the Army. Consolidation via Ontology-Driven Extraction, Semantic Mapping, and Adaptation for Real- World Translation (CODESMART) will provide an adaptable, scalable software component that collects information from arbitrary sources and translates it into common, readily accessible forms. Actionably-accurate semantic representations of the data within an application are created by using emerging methods and tools that formally model application domains and the software applications themselves. Recent advances in machine learning and agent reasoning provide a technical foundation to extend prior model-based extraction to make it sufficiently adaptable for fieldable use.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Izenson
A10-099      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:High Density Solid Hydrogen Storage for Long-Duration Soldier Power
Abstract:Providing power for dismounted soldiers on long-duration missions remains a critical technical challenge. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells convert hydrogen fuel directly to electric power and offer a lightweight and efficient power source for individual soldiers. However, technology for storing the hydrogen fuel is still too heavy to meet the Army’s mission requirements. We propose to develop a very lightweight, solid hydrogen storage technology based on ammonia borane (AB) (H3NBH3). Our innovation is a unique packaging and thermal control system that will produce hydrogen on demand through controlled thermal decomposition of AB. This approach can enable hydrogen fuel cartridges for individual soldier power systems that meet the Army’s challenging goals for hydrogen density. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach through laboratory demonstrations of hydrogen generation using a prototypical packaging approach, then use data from these tests to produce a mechanical design of a lightweight hydrogen fuel cartridge. In Phase II we will build a complete, prototype hydrogen generator and demonstrate its use as a fuel source for a PEM fuel cell.

Jadoo Power Systems, Inc.
181 Blue Ravine Road Suite 120
Folsom, CA 95630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 608-9044
Richard Milson
A10-099      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Solid Hydrogen Fuel Cartridges
Abstract:As technologies emerge that enhance the capabilities of the warfighter and his support elements, the demand for electrical energy grows proportionally. Battery storage capacities, while significant, limit the mission longevity of dismounted soldiers because of the weight in batteries required during deployment. A solution to this problem is the development of a solid hydrogen fuel system that provides clean hydrogen on demand to fuel cell based power systems. By leveraging on-going work, a new system design is proposed for demonstration and optimization. The resulting compact 50W power system will have an improved fuel cell stack design that minimizes system BOP and fuel system specific energies ranging from 630-940W-hr/kg depending on fuel cartridge geometry. Key to the success of this program is the assessment of fuel solutions and identification of candidates possessing the properties which permit minimal packaging in lightweight cartridges. Success of this program will result demonstration of a rugged 50W power system fueled by a solid hydrogen cartridge containing >4wt% packaged hydrogen contained in a BA-5390 footprint. Deployment of these systems will result in dramatic improvements in critical mission weight and runtimes, with better reliability and performance in extreme environments.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Nathanael Kim
A10-100      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:High-Resolution Standoff Face Capture
Abstract:To address the Army need for remote biometrics capture, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new High-Resolution Standoff Face Capture (HISFAC) system for noncooperative moving subjects. It is based on our innovative ultrasuperpixel array and instantaneous zoom with wide field-of-view. Its innovations enable users to capture face images of noncooperative fast-moving personnel on a superpixel array at unprecedented, telescopic, 4.3 mm (H) and 1.6 mm (V) resolution at 200 m standoff over a 30 degree FOV at a single capture, without optical or mechanical zooming. HISFAC captures biometrics instantaneously, irrespective of subjects’ activities or orientation. The optics can capture moving subjects (20 km/h) without motion blur, and the software detects faces and extracts/converts them to any Electronic Biometric Transmission Specification for database comparison, not only performing automated embedded recognition against a watch list, but also reconstructing 3D facial models from data for comparison against large databases. The package is 6 in. (dia) x 8 in. (long), and <5 lb. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HISFAC by designing and testing functional HISFAC components in a laboratory testbed. In Phase II we plan to design, fabricate, and test a fully functional prototype in a realistic environment

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
A10-100      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Standoff-Biometric for Non-Cooperative Moving Subjects
Abstract:Overall biometric system performance depends on data quality, the strength of the biometric matching algorithms, the compatibility of the data quality with the matching algorithms, and the overall quality of the integrated system. For long-range face image acquisition and processing for tactical biometrics, there are many issues to consider for these dependencies, both obvious and subtle. Our team has spent the previous decade working on this exact problem and brings to this effort the best research and technology available for tactical biometrics. Securics, Inc. is the industry leader in long-range facial biometrics. For this effort, we have partnered with Animetrics Inc., the leading developer of next-generation 2D-to-3D face recognition and face creation solutions. This proposed effort will focus on collecting high quality long-range biometric data from an integrated system perspective, and provide the most accurate 2D-to-3D matching system available in any domain.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Chadwick Cox
A10-101      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Virtual Machine Technologies for Intelligence and Warfighting Applications
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will deliver a Virtual Machine (VM) solution to the U.S. Army, leveraging the advantages of this technology to meet the unique needs of this information-centric, warfighting organization. AAC will consolidate an existing set of server applications, migrating the system to more practical hardware while maintaining all system functions. Advanced VM capabilities will be developed to enable hot swapping and traffic management under strict performance requirements. This technology will benefit the DCGS-A, JUMPS, and similar C4ISR-related programs.

VORTECHX Appllied Technologies
127 Monmouth Ave
Atlantic Highlands, NJ 07716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 291-6025
Matthew Bolt
A10-101      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Repeatable Virtualization of Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) System Servers
Abstract:The expanding demand for Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) information, analysis, and real-time data to support the warfighter activities has resulted in an increasing number of multiple systems, applications, data sources and stores. This increased capabilities need has the potential to overwhelm the physical footprints to deploy the servers, data storage devices and communications gear. With limited space, storage, and computational capabilities it is becoming more difficult to deploy new and more capable systems. Unfortunately, the newer systems do not always maintain the legacy systems capabilities and this could adversely affect the warfighter mission. An approach to this problem that has worked in the commercial world is to instantiate a virtualization environment wherein existing infrastructure is multi-purposed through the use of tools like VMware®. Virtualization of large commercial environments has demonstrated savings in energy use, physical footprints, maintenance costs, application deployment effort and costs. In addition, virtualization has demonstrated increased uptime and reliability of the computing environment. A virtualization approach is proposed for a test and evaluation ISR system that currently resides on multiple servers distributed through the development facility and at a remote site. In order to demonstrate the capability of a deployment ready virtual environment.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7187
Dylan McNamee
A10-102      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Low-Cost, High Assurance Separation Kernel
Abstract:Previous separation kernels have been based on safety-critical, real-time embedded operating systems meeting the FAA's DO-178B certification criteria. We believe that these systems' heritage emphasizes trustworthiness over cost, and results in a solution better suited for embedded environments. We propose to build a separation kernel middleware layer on top of a COTS or open source capability-based microkernel. We will include low cost in the criteria for systems to evaluate. To meet the high assurance requirement we will develop or re-use formal methods artifacts for the microkernel, and extend them with formal methods artifacts for the middleware.

Solute, Inc.
4250 Pacific Highway Suite 211
San Diego, CA 92110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 758-9900
Michael MacFadden
A10-102      Awarded:9/29/2010
Title:Low Cost High Assurance Separation Kernel
Abstract:The development and certification strategies of existing commercially available separation kernels (SK) rely on the costly retrofitting of safety critical (DO-178B) operating systems, to meet the requirements of the NSA approved U.S. Government Separation Kernel Protection Profile in Environments Requiring High Robustness (SKPP). SOLUTE’s innovative approach focuses on the development of a SK architecture, which from the ground up meets the High Robustness requirements of the SKPP and defines cost minimization as a central principle. SOLUTE has partnered with DSD Information Assurance Labs (A National Information Assurance Partnership (NIAP) accredited testing laboratory) and GDC4S to ensure that the architectural development process is optimized for low cost certification at all stages.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery, Jr.
A10-103      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Integrated Counter-Mine/Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and Command and Control (C2) Capabilities
Abstract:Installation of a counter IED jammer system on each individual Army vehicle has caused electromagnetic interference between the jammer and friendly communication systems. A fundamental enabling technology called active interference cancellation, which enables simultaneous jamming and communication capabilities under changes in the threat conditions and operating environment is needed. In this program GIRD Systems will perform a trade study and simulation effort to identify various mitigation techniques and evaluate their performance to the interference situation described in the solicitation. Based on customer input and system requirements, the most promising technologies and those with the greatest potential for performance improvement will be selected for further development in the Phase II portion of this program.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1612
Thomas R. Halford
A10-103      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:JADIC: Joint Analog and Digital Interference Cancellation
Abstract:TrellisWare proposes a joint analog and digital interference cancellation (JADIC) solution that will enable electromagnetic compatibility between counter-IED RF jammers and multiple friendly RF systems -- with a particular focus on Blue Force Tracker and UHF SATCOM signals. Analog-only approaches to interference cancellation (IC) provide insufficient jammer signal suppression, while optical IC solutions have thus far been proven only for narrowband signals in controlled laboratory environments. TrellisWare therefore proposes to augment existing analog IC technology with a powerful Digital Interference Cancellation Engine (DICE) that employs such advanced signal processing techniques as Per-Survivor Processing (PSP) and Adaptive Iterative Detection (AID) to extract -- with high probability -- the signal-of-interest from the residual signal output by the analog IC circuit.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Jason Kriesel
A10-104      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Remote Human Identification and Intent Determination from Thermal Infrared Imagery
Abstract:Recent advances in thermal infrared sensors and image analysis techniques have opened up the possibility of performing automated covert human identification and intent analysis both day and night. Specific persistent thermal signatures on the face have been proven to provide an unobtrusive, robust method of identifying individuals, and separate transitory signatures offer a proven means of determining stress and deceit in individuals. However, the majority of previous work has involved cooperative subjects under controlled conditions. During this project, these proven techniques will be extended and expanded upon to enable identification and intent analysis of uncooperative subjects at relatively long stand-off distances (e.g., 100 m) under a variety of environmental conditions.

Princeton Nanotechnology Systems LLC
11 Deer Park Drive Suite 102-I
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9552
Dorothy Horber
A10-104      Awarded:12/23/2010
Title:Compact Scalable Signature Collection and Exploitation System for Non-Cooperative Moving Subjects
Abstract:Princeton Nanotechnology Systems (PNTS) has teamed with researchers from Wright State University, Dayton, OH, to provide a novel, comprehensive response to SBIR Topic A10-104 entitled, “Compact Scalable System for Human Identification and State Assessment.” In this Phase I SBIR program, we propose to investigate the feasibility of a multipurpose, multispectral system that captures, extracts, classifies and exploits human signatures for 1) use as biometrics to recognize identity; and 2) human affective (emotional) state assessment to identify stress/hostile intent. Given the myriad sensor technologies potentially useful for these tasks, the team’s extensive experience across the electromagnetic spectrum, ranging from microwave and terahertz through infrared, visible light, x-ray and gamma-ray wavelengths, will be leveraged to define an optimal suite of architectured solutions. By coupling WSU expertise in radiation physics, sensor hardware, image processing algorithm development, human anatomy and physiology, human modeling and the psychology of emotion, with the expertise of PNTS in developing and delivering practical solutions to challenging DoD-relevant problems, we will transition laboratory-based human signature science to valuable commercial products, with application to security, surveillance, medical, educational and social domains.

Airtronics
1822 S Research Loop
Tucson, AZ 85710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 881-3982
Frank Oliver
A10-105      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Heuristic-based Prognostic and Diagnostic Methods to Enhance Intelligent Power Management for Tactical Electric Power Generator Sets
Abstract:Tactical Generators are profuse consumers of fuel. As the generators wear, fuel consumption increases. Increases in fuel consumption mean more logistics demand and delivery of fuel through potentially hostile areas to forward tactical bases represents an operational challenge. Sustainment of Army operations, which make large demands on power, becomes dependent on sustainment of the power generation and management system. Airtronics Inc partners with RadioData Corporation and outlines a plan to develop a generator diagnostics and prognostics system

Williams-Pyro,Inc.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Chris Stimek
A10-105      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Heuristic-based Prognostic and Diagnostic Methods to Enhance Intelligent Power Management for Tactical Electric Power Generator Sets
Abstract:Current Joint Operations in the Middle East have highlighted the need for increased system reliability and reduced petroleum consumption as both a cost reduction and force protection mechanism in the tactical battlefield. Williams-Pyro, Inc., is proposing to develop the Generator Fault Investigation Technology (GenFIT) system to perform diagnostics and prognostics on diesel generators with the end result of helping the Army achieve its HI- Power goals through reducing generator down time, improving fuel efficiency, and reducing emissions. The GenFIT system will be able to easily integrate with deployed TQGs to provide diagnostic and prognostic information to maintenance personnel, reducing the time required to service these generators. Many existing condition-based maintenance (CBM) systems are extremely complex, relying on neural networks and pattern recognition algorithms that need large amounts of equipment-specific training data. In contrast, Williams-Pyro is proposing to use a top-down approach to develop a first order diagnostics and prognostics methodology based on heuristic models derived from an understanding of diesel generator operating principals, observed generator performance values, and known generator parameters. The technology developed will be able to identify long-term generator performance degradation as well as reduce fuel consumption and emissions through proper maintenance and operation of the generator.

(ES3) Engineering & Software System Solution, Inc.
550 West C Street, Suite 1630
San Diego, CA 92101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 338-0320
Daniele Pelessone
A10-106      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Modeling of concrete failure under blast and fragment loading
Abstract:The defense community is extremely interested in developing numerical methodologies for predicting the dynamic response of concrete materials under extreme loading conditions. This capability would make it possible to use computer software for simulating events of interest, such as the response of concrete structures or structural components to blast and fragment impact. Over the years, substantial effort has been invested in researching analytical models and methods to develop this capability. Most of this effort has focused on in improving methodologies that are based on continuum mechanics. However, (classical) continuum mechanics is not well suited for the simulation of concrete failure and post-failure behavior. This is mainly due to the non-homogenous nature of concrete as well as the discontinuous nature of fracture and fragmentation. To overcome these limitations, ES3 and Prof. Cusatis at RPI have jointly formulated and implemented a new innovative methodology: the Lattice Discrete Particle Model (LDPM). LDPM is a methodology that treats concrete at the meso-scale, the scale of the largest aggregate pieces. LDPM models the heterogeneities in concrete and is capable of simulating discrete cracking leading to fragmentation in a physically realistic fashion. The research that ES3 is proposing under this SBIR will address three main issues: • Formulation of LDPM multiscale-multiphysics framework, • Fiber-concrete, rebar-concrete interaction, and • Small scale fragmentation at high strain rates. In Phase I of this SBIR we will evaluate new or improved analytical models and determine the technical feasibility of the proposed concepts.

Multiscale Design Systems, LLC
280 Park Ave South Apt 22M
New York, NY 10010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 496-0173
Zheng Yuan
A10-106      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Multiscale Modeling of Concrete Failure under Blast and Fragment Loading using a Coupled LDPM-RKPM Method
Abstract:While single scale models (either discrete or continuum) provide useful insight into the physics of concrete fragmentation process they become intractable for practical structural application in particular for Very High Strength Concrete (VHSC) having small aggregate size and Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC) where resolving the details of fiber-concrete interactions is critical to assess the structural performance under extreme conditions. To successfully address the complexities of predicting the performance of VHSC and FRC, Prof. Fish and Dr. Yuan from MDS, LLC with expertise and record of accomplishments in developing integrated multiscale design software for heterogeneous material systems have teamed up with Prof. JS Chen from UCLA who has extensive experience in fracture and fragmentation of concrete structures subjected to blast and fragment loading. In Phase I, we will: 1. Assess existing computational models including LDPM, RKPM and reduced order homogenization models for simulating blast and fragmentation loading on VHSC, FRC, and other types of special concrete materials and cementitious composites; 2. Identify shortcoming of existing methodologies and formulate predictive multiscale strategy for future development based on combination of LDPM and RKPM in which LDPM provides the lower order approximation of cement-aggregate behavior, while RKPM is introduced as an enrichment of LDPM to account for the effects of small aggregate and fiber reinforcement. 3. Perform preliminary verification and validation studies that compare the feasibility of the proposed multiscale methodology including: (a) calibration against test data in collaboration with DTRA and ERDC and (b) initial demonstrations on out-of-plane compression tests and low velocity impact tests. In Phase II, the LDPM-RKPM approach will be combined with the computational continua methodology to account for dynamic effects in RVE problem and the eigendeformation approach to maximize computational efficiency by constructing residual free fields.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4886
Alex Vasenkov
A10-107      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Information System and User Model for Predictive Analysis of Nano-Material Attributes
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will develop an information system and design a nano-Toolkit with data-mining and predictive models for accelerated risk assessment of engineered nanomaterial attributes. It was recently shown that nanomaterials used in warfighter technologies may be responsible for significant human health and environmental risks. For example, researchers at the Army’s Engineer Research and Development Center have recently found that nanoscale metal-oxide particles are more toxic than micron-sized particles. The further progress in rapid and reliable prediction of nanomaterial toxicity is limited by (1) limited integration or use of data from published literature for predicting attributes of new materials, and (2) a lack of models to predict unavailable attributes. Those deficiencies will be addressed in the proposed work. During Phase I, utilizing CFDRC complementary expertise, we propose to develop a wiki style information system linked to a nano-Toolkit integrating models with different level of details from Quantum Mechanic based ReaxFF model to quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) algorithms. In Phase II, the information system and nano-Toolkit will be further developed, and demonstrated to predict environmental attributes (degradation potential, fate in soils, toxicity, and bioaccumulation potential) of engineered nanomaterials of direct interest to DoD.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
A10-107      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:A Model Driven Data Mining System for Studying Environmental Impact of Nanomaterials
Abstract:As more and more engineered nanomaterials (NM) have been developed for military usage, it is crucial to minimize any unintended environmental impacts (NEI) resulting from the application of manufactured NM. NEI risk assessment models, whether conceptual or predictive in nature, will give decision-makers the tools to grapple with the nearly infinite forms of possible NM, as well as explore the effects of various risk mitigation strategies. IAI proposes to develop a Model driven Data Mining System for studying Environmental Impact of Nanomaterials, namely NEIMiner (Nano Environmental Impact Miner). NEIMiner consists of four components. First, the conceptual model of environmental impact of nanomaterials adopts the framework of consortium modeling with a critical subset of models focused on exposure to NM and their bioavailability in the environment. Second, a CMS based information system is proposed to collect, store, manage, and search all the multi-modal data in an integrated system. Third, the data mining process based on IAI’s ABMiner is proposed to discover models for the modeling framework. Fourth, the model composition is proposed to build complex models.

Cyberneutics, Inc.
503 Mountain Lake Avenue
Pearisburg, VA 24134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 242-3386
Patricia A. Craig-Hart
A10-108      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Self-organizing Immersive Local Knowledge (SILK)
Abstract:Cyberneutics, Inc. is teamed with the University of Arkansas Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST) to develop Self-organizing Immersive Local Knowledge (SILK) to enable geospatial analysis with qualitative data. SILK is based on an underlying representation for qualitative topography combining autonomous self-organizing data structures, local knowledge containing multiple socio-cultural perspectives, and immersive user experience, which retains the power of Cartesian rigor inherent in traditional geographic information systems. Current efforts to extend GIS functionality all rely on manual generation of metadata (e.g., geocoding, categorizing, and tagging) for qualitative information artifacts. Analysis based on human-massaged qualitative data that is trapped in cartographic representation cannot supply users with unique socio-cultural perspectives critical to generating non-kinetic courses of action. SILK’s transdisciplinary approach draws on swarm intelligence theory and leading edge e-commerce techniques. Self-directed qualitative data wrappers that populate the SILK environment with human terrain artifacts are enabled by social foraging theory and stigmergic collaboration. SILK’s ontological framework, which supplies warfighters with tacit knowledge of local culture, is based on collective intelligence and collaborative filtering techniques. Our immersive geospatial interface for visualization and analysis of qualitative data is based on a collaborative prioritization and peering approach that improves over time as a function of use.

Securboration Inc
1050 W NASA Blvd Suite 154
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 591-7371
Bruce McQueary
A10-108      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Developing Capabilities for the Visualization and Analysis of Qualitative Data within Geographic Information Systems
Abstract:Understanding the dynamics of today’s operational environment requires collection and analysis of nontraditional, qualitative intelligence that current GIS options cannot support. To bridge quantitative GIS and these emerging qualitative sources, and apply it to arguably the most pressing operational situation, Securboration proposes to develop the Stability and Reconstruction GIS, or STARGIS. Securboration are experts in automating the extraction, storage, and geovisualization of qualitative data and using it to geoanalyze progress in stability related operations. To complement our technical expertise we are teaming with renowned geographer Dr. Meghan Cope, Chair of the Geography Department at the University of Vermont. Dr. Cope has performed seminal research in qualitative GIS that includes co-authoring the book Qualitative GIS: A Mixed Methods Approach (London: Sage Publications, 2009). As a supporting data set Securboration will leverage our ongoing related work from the Measuring Progress In Conflict Environments program (MPICE – Afghanistan 2010 Framework). MPICE defines a framework of qualitative and quantitative stability related goals, indicators, and measures, making it an ideal data set for STARGIS. Currently, the MPICE focus has been on metrics definition and corresponding data collection. STARGIS presents the opportunity and transition path to store, visualize, and analyze MPICE results using a qualitative GIS approach.

ASPEN AEROGELS, INC.
30 Forbes Road Building B
Northborough, MA 01532
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 466-3114
Roxana Trifu
A10-109      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Advanced Aerogel Composites for Low Signature Base Camp Shelters
Abstract:Base camps require reduction in heat signature to maintain low-observable capabilities. Both warfighters and sustainment forces within the base camps generate characteristic heat signatures that can reveal the location, presence of personnel and electronic equipment, and may provide some indication of activities and OPTEMPO. Aspen Aerogels, with partner Qinetiq North America, proposes to develop a shelter skin system that combines the thermal barrier properties of aerogel insulation with other heat dissipating technologies to shield base camp structures from heat signature observation. Aspen Aerogels will develop a unique, flexible aerogel formulation which will be combined with other thermal regulating technologies to deliver a shelter with highly reduced heat signature. The Aspen solution will capitalize on the company’s past success utilizing the advantages of aerogel’s extremely low thermal conductivity to provide a revolutionary material for thermal management of base camp structures. This innovation will be integrated with other heat dissipation and renewable power production and storage technologies to deliver thermal cloaking capabilities to Army Base Camps. Partnering with Qinetiq North America will expand technology reach, analysis capabilities, composite manufacturing, and highly-competent integration expertise to bring this innovation from concept to commercialization.

LGarde, Inc.
15181 Woodlawn Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 259-0771
Linden Bolisay
A10-109      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Sustainable Materials to Reduce Heat Signatures of Base Camps
Abstract:There is a need for base camps to reduce their heat signature to maintain a low-observable (or stealth) capabilities. Without masking the heat signature, enemy units can easily determine the location of base camps, presence of personnel and electronic equipment within the camp, as well as the type of activities occurring within the camp and OPTEMPO. Incorporation of a versatile, high strength/high stiffness insulation material with solid state thermoelectric cooling devices embedded in the insulation material may fulfill the need to reduce the heat signature. The proposed concept design is an integrated combination of two separate sub-systems. One sub-system is an energy harvesting panel designed to be placed on the external tent surface. The second sub-system is an insulating/cooling panel designed to be placed in the internal tent surface. The main advantages of using panels include the ease of incorporation with existing base camp structures resulting in low cost upgrades and packageability, which is very important for temporary structures. Once the base camp is established, these panels can be easily retrofit to the exterior and interior of a tent structure. Since these structures are light weight and collapsible, they can be easily transported from station to station.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4892
David Newsome
A10-110      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Desktop Application for Assessment of Environmentally Important Chemical Aspects of Military Compounds
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR program is to integrate scientific programs and associated databases within a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-driven wrapper to facilitate their use by the Army to assess the fate and transport of munitions and their effect on human health. The GUI will help ease data transfer between the programs, reducing the scope of user error and increasing productivity. In Phase I, CFDRC will demonstrate the proof-of-concept by designing and developing a preliminary desktop application manifested with a GUI. The GUI wrapper will have the options to retrieve information from a database and create new entries in the database. We plan to implement a reaction manager to create reaction mechanisms that can be used in kinetic modeling. A preliminary protocol for client-server communications will be implemented, which is aimed to facilitate the execution of CPU intensive computations on high-performance servers while running smaller jobs in the desktop. Finally, a molecule viewer will be integrated to view molecular structures stored in the database. In Phase II, Quantitative Structure Activity Relations (QSAR), quantum chemistry, and kinetic modeling programs will be seamlessly integrated with the database via the GUI wrapper.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Marcus Hanwell
A10-110      Awarded:11/2/2010
Title:Open, Cross Platform Chemistry Application
Abstract:This project aims to create an open, cross platform desktop application for chemistry. The focus in Phase I will be on developing a prototype application around stand-alone programs and databases used by ERDC researchers in connection with environmentally important aspects of military compounds. This involves collaboration with the developers of GAMESS to leverage its functionality, specifically for physical property prediction. Existing open source frameworks will be leveraged to provide both the standard chemical structure representations, and novel visualizations using cutting edge visualization techniques. The application will use stand-alone computational tools for physical property prediction and databases with experimental and predicted properties. Integration with HPC resources will be prototyped in Phase I, along with structure manipulation, input generation and novel visualization techniques. Phase II will move towards a tightly integrated cross platform application, integrating best of breed external programs and databases into a cohesive application acting as the center of the computational chemist's workflow. The application will be extended to implement a client-server architecture in order to enable generation and analysis of large data sets. An open, extensible, world class plaform for the manipulation, visualization and analysis of chemical data will be developed.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
A10-111      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Non-rotating Wind Energy Generator
Abstract:Agiltron, Inc. and Engineering & Scientific Innovations, Inc. propose a new non-rotating wind energy generator, based upon our extensive R&D experiences on aerodynamics, electromagnetic generators, and power management. The generator will have a total volume less than 9 cubic meters, total weight much less than 300kg, and generate more than 3kW at wind velocity of 10 m/s. The design is highly-mobile with minimal setup effort because of the wide acceptance angle for wind direction. It is also inconspicuous because of the camouflage, minimal acoustic and electromagnetic disturbance to the surrounding environment. Depending on the available wind resource, the generator will operate in standby or power-generating modes, and it will always have a net-gain in energy (power generated is always greater than consumed). The technical approach will be proved in Phase I through the numerical analysis, design, prototype fabrication, and wind-tunnel testing. Portable prototypes of non-rotating wind generator will be produced in Phase II for delivery to the Army.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
A10-111      Awarded:11/3/2010
Title:Wind Energy Transforming Electrostatic Reaper
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an inconspicuous, non-rotating compact wind energy system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wind Energy Transforming Electrostatic Reaper (WETER). This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes in-house developed components and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in electret-based technology and use of a new material with an extremely high capacity for an implanted electric charge will enable the system to generate >3 kW of electric power at a wind speed of 10 m/s in a volume <9 m^3. As a result, this system offers high power density, lightweight modular design, and zero consumption of any materials, which directly address the TRADOC Pam 525-66 and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ERDC/CERL requirements for a wind-driven power generator for operating at base camps. In Phase I, POC will evaluate the WETER electro-kinetic approach to wind energy conversion by means of identifying design and manufacturing methods capable of delivering 1.5 to 3 kW of power with a wind resource of 10 m/s and demonstrate the feasibility of WETER system by demonstration of conceptual prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to design and fabricate the prototype of WETER system.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
Xiaoliang (George) Zhao
A10-112      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Miniature Low power Multi-parameter Wireless Sensor Network for Infrastructure
Abstract:Infrastructure and equipment health monitoring are becoming increasingly important. There is a need to provide a cost effective means to not only inspect a significant number of structures but to also prioritize situations where immediate maintenance actions will result in a major reduction in renewal and repair costs over the lifetime of the structure. That would require the use of sensors for monitoring structural integrity in combination with environmental severity. To reduce manual inspection costs, the system should provide the ability to remotely access data and provide a clear actionable output. We propose to develop a multi-parameter wireless smart sensor network for infrastructures. It includes distributed wireless sensor nodes for monitoring and mapping environmental load that communicate with central gateway nodes. The environmental load wireless sensor node is a miniature low power sensor node that includes a suite of sensors and communicates through IEEE 1451 protocols to the gateway node. The sensor gateway node collects the sensor node data and performs the diagnosis on the structure condition. The gateway node will send the information to a nearby crossing vehicle or maintenance staff wirelessly, or to a remote office for further analysis.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Fritz Friedersdorf
A10-112      Awarded:4/15/2011
Title:Ultra-low Power Wireless Sensors for Advanced, In Situ Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:The ability to monitor infrastructure such as bridges, storage tanks, pipelines and buildings is critical to enhancing safety, reliability, and overall structural integrity of existing and future military structural deployments. In order to reduce the need for costly scheduled maintenance while also preventing the potentially catastrophic failure of such structures, a multi-mode distributed sensor network must be developed that provides a full view of the structure’s state of health. To accomplish this, Luna proposes the development of an ultra-low power wireless sensor network for advanced, in situ structural health monitoring. This network will be made up of devices operating off of harvested energy sources (solar, vibration, thermal, etc.), will measure both environmental and mechanical parameters, and will support advanced diagnostics and prognostics for predicting structural health and remaining useful life. Existing Luna technologies will be leveraged and enhanced to rapidly achieve the technical goals of the program and advance the commercialization of this technology. Luna will utilize years of experience in corrosion, environmental and structural health monitoring and will team with Purdue University’s Center for Systems Integrity to provide a fully functional prototype system at the end of the Phase I effort.

Ashwin-Ushas Corporation, Inc.
9 Red Coach Ln
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 739-1122
Prasanna Chandrasekhar
A10-113      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Functionalized-Conducting-Polymer - Microporous-Membrane Based Voltammetric Sensor Skins With High Selectivity/Sensitivity, Multiple Analyte Sensing i
Abstract:In unrelated ongoing work, this firm has developed, for a wide variety of applications (including warfighters’ clothing in CBD environments for DTRA), a unique, patented technology that has, as its core, metalized microporous membranes functionalised with conducting polymers, in what are essentially electrochemical devices. These breathable, lightweight (800 g/m^2), conducting-polymer-based "skins" are readily convertible to voltammetric sensors with a surface (i.e., sensing) area far larger than possible with fiber- based sensors, CHEMFETS or other alternatives. Coupled with very selective dopants or bio derivatives, they also yield far higher selectivity/sensitivity than alternatives. Operating temperatures are (-)60 to (+)90 C with ionic liquid electrolytes developed for the spacecraft application. With sophisticated, inexpensive interrogation and processing possible with voltammetric data (sharp differentiation of proximate peaks), the sensors have far greater selectivity and sensitivity than alternative technologies. Voltammetric interrogation can be built into an inexpensive, programmable, battery-powered microcontroller, with low power consumption (micro-W/cm2), sensing multiple analytes in one interrogation. Preliminary work carried out specifically for this proposal with agent simulants is cited. The proposed work will fabricate, test sensors with a number of variables (dopants, bio-derivatives, voltammetric interrogation waveforms), to identify sensors with the best selectivity/sensitivity.

Seacoast Science, Inc
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 268-0083
Sanjay V. Patel
A10-113      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Chemical sensing patch with woven conductive fibers
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR, Seacoast Science proposes to develop a chemical sensor array based on conductive fibers and chemically sensitive materials that are compatible with being woven into a patch. The use of flexible circuitry and conductive fibers to interconnect the sensing sites to the readout circuit allows for a thin, lightweight system, and the use of polymer- composite materials as sensors means that the sensor will be small and require very little power to measure. Conductive fabrics and fibers can be woven to provide the necessary conductive pathways for power and data. Therefore patch will be small and lightweight and provide warfighters with a disposable detector system that does not increase their burden significantly. The modular design and ability to tune the sensors to specific target chemical classes means the device can easily be adapted to civilian or industrial detection applications, such as an industrial chemical monitor, similar to the radiation dosimeter worn by nuclear workers.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10306 Sausalito Dr
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Swapnajit Chakravarty
A10-114      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Monolithic Photonic Crystal On-Chip Spectrometer for Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims at developing a commercially viable, 50 micron long lab-on-chip photonic crystal monolithically integrated, light-weight and easily portable infrared spectrometer for diode laser absorption spectroscopy of chemical warfare simulant triethylphosphate. Defect engineered photonic crystals, with sub micron dimensions have already demonstrated high sensitivity to trace volumes of analytes; however exact identification of analyte through spectroscopic signatures has not been demonstrated. Our device provides a factor of 2000 reduction in optical interaction length with the analyte compared to conventional waveguides leading to enhanced optical absorption by analytes in the optical path. By measuring absorption differences in presence and absence of triethylphosphate, presence of triethylphosphate is determined. The fabrication platform ensures easy monolithic integration of infrared lasers, detectors and spectrometer with high volume and low cost production. Our device is light-weight and miniature, and allows easy portability and extremely versatile. Our technology can be extended to spectroscopy of any gas in multiple application areas and markets.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Michael B. Frish
A10-114      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Monolithic Integrated-Optic TDLAS Sensors and Networks
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop prototype chip-scale low-power integrated optic gas-phase chemical sensors, based on infrared Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS). TDLAS is able to sense many TICs and CWAs with high sensitivity and selectivity, and low false alarm rate. Each envisioned device will sense one targeted chemical; several devices working in tandem will sense several chemicals. Novel gas sensing elements using solid-state optical waveguides will permit monolithic integration of a laser source, sampling section, and detector on a semiconductor materials system substrate. Use of semiconductor fabrication and assembly techniques will enable low-cost mass production, so that many hundreds or thousands of such sensors can be distributed cost-effectively over a wide area of interest and communicate among each other via a wireless network. By the completion of Phase III, these miniature sensors will be configured in cellphone-size packages making them rugged enough for dropping from an airplane and operable for at least several days when powered by self-contained batteries. Phase I will evaluate a novel passively-cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser source that is a key enabling component, and will quantify expected detection limits.

eSpin Technologies, Inc.
7151 Discovery Drive
Chattanooga, TN 37416
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 267-6266
Jayesh Doshi
A10-115      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Manufacturing Development of Biomimetic Tissue Engineering Scaffolds
Abstract:In the last decade, researchers have investigated nanofiber based medical vehicles for various biomedical applications. The challenge is to produce nanofiber vehicles outside laboratory environment for clinical trial. This proposed effort is targeted at developing a cGMP compliant prototype process to demonstrate manufacturing of tissue scaffold. During PhaseI, an innovative scaffold will be made using an electrospinning process from biodegradable polymer. The scaffold will be manufactured to meet the design specifications pertaining to applications like bone regeneration, grafts, among other applications. Electrospun fibersize, web thickness, pore size, and mechanical properties will be controlled to meet design specs. An innovative sterilization method will be developed to make these scaffold sterile. During the OPTION phase, we will develop design specification for pilot machine, develop a cost model covering material, manufacturing, and return on investment for capital investment in the pilot line. The model will provide material cost during clinical trial phase. Additionally, data would be gathered for device master file and packaging methodology will be investigated for packing and shipping of tissue scaffold. The END game is to have a facility to meet the production capacity with varied capability to provide tissue scaffold material for clinical trial at military and civilian sites.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Greg Slavik
A10-115      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Scaleable Microfabrication of Random Network Fiber Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
Abstract:Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc. (TA&T) proposes a novel fabrication process for producing fibrous network scaffolds suitable for connective tissue engineering. The process leverages microfabrication technologies that have matured for large volume production of micro- and nano-scale devices in the semiconductor and micro-electrical mechanical systems (MEMS) industries but have seen limited application in biological systems. Particularly, soft lithographic techniques and automated deposition will be employed for a cost effective manufacturing process that is inherently scalable. The proposed technology will directly control the size and morphology of difficult to process natural biopolymers on the microscale to produce engineered scaffolds.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4245
Fang Li
A10-116      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:Integrated Hybrid Sensor/Microfluidic Chip for Cellular Toxicity Sensing
Abstract:Recently, cell-based biosensors, such as electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS), have been used as toxicity sensors for rapid monitoring of a wide range of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) in drinking waters. However, several limitations existing in current cell-based toxicity sensors prevent their use in the field. For example, the large size of the chip and media demands limits its application for assessment of field drinking water supplies. The maintenance of viable cells on the chips for long periods of time prior to testing is problematic. Also, the current toxicity sensor uses only a single sensing endpoint (impedance). With the advances in lab-on-a-chip technologies, cell maintenance systems that are integrated into the chip become possible. Therefore, it is highly desirable to merge advances in label-free multiparametric cellular sensing with microfluidic technology to develop a truly field portable fluidic chip with integrated supporting elements that can improve long-term cell maintenance and cytotoxicity sensing capabilities for field use. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), along with our collaborators Prof. Qing- Ming Wang at University of Pittsburgh, propose to develop an integrated impedance/acoustic sensor system with capabilities of long-term cell maintenance.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2509
Blaine Butler
A10-116      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Encapsulated Cell Microfluidic Sensor for Water Toxin Detection
Abstract:Luna Innovations will determine the feasibility of developing an encapsulated cell based microfluidic sensor device that has an extended cell viability lifetime, requires no external power for cell maintenance, and is capable of detecting a wide array of water contaminants, toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) using multiple cytotoxicity endpoints. The proposed encapsulated cell technology will provide significant improvements in cell lifetime, operational stability, and decreased maintenance requirements, resulting in a transportable easy to operate, low power, field ready device. During Phase I Luna will demonstrate stable electrical impedance performance of encapsulated cells for a minimum of 45days with significant reduction in maintenance requirements. Phase II will focus on increasing cell lifetime, >90 days, removing the fluid pump system from the transportation unit, integrating temperature stability, detection and analysis systems into the portable unit, demonstrating sensitivity to a wide range of TICs for both colorometric and impedance sensing, and constructing a prototype for delivery to the U.S. Army. Concurrently, Luna will be working to adapt the encapsulated cell electrodes as sensor devices for other non-military applications, including water utilities at the state and local levels and other pharmacological toxicity testing.

Techshot, Inc.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Alan Constance
A10-117      Awarded:12/17/2010
Title:Manufacturing Development of Allogeneic Stem Cells in Clinical Settings
Abstract:Techshot proposes to improve the isolation and immunoselection of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue using Quadrupole Magnetic flow Sorting (QMS). This separator technology sorts magnetically labeled cells at high speed and is capable of processing large volumes of tissue such as lipoaspirate digests. QMS has previously been employed to isolate hematological cells from blood and Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans from digested solid tissue, and the innovative new embodiment will be capable of isolating single cells from solid tissue. The ability to produce large numbers of pure cells by QMS could minimize in vitro expansion requirements and automate the cell production process. In proposed Phase I research Techshot will pursue the following objectives: (1) Design and prototype a closed system to isolate and enrich with high specificity donor stem cells from adipose tissue; (2) Satisfy requirements for labeling and selecting one donor stem cell type; and (3) Determine the flexibility to employ QMS for multiple applications by testing with adipose tissue. This unique immunological based approach is expected to result in leap-ahead improvements in the efficiency of enrichment, quality, and specificity for allogeneic cell therapies utilizing adipose mesenchymal cells as an exemplary source for post-trauma tissue regeneration and wound healing.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
John Mueller
A10-118      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:A Universal Bio-Signature Detection Array for Species Identification of Leishmania and Sand Fly Vector
Abstract:Leishmaniasis is a disease endemic to several tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world which is spread by the bite of female sandfly carrying parasites known as Leishmania. Pathological manifestations of infection range from itchy skin to disfiguring ulcerous sores and death, requiring varying treatment strategies. Deployed US military personnel in regions of the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection. Although several species of both parasite and sandfly are known, only some sandfly species are man-biting, requiring tailored sandfly population control strategies, and medical intervention response is parasite-species specific. Thus, the control and treatment of leishmaniases depends on proper detection of infected vectors and accurate identification of vector and parasite species. Existing approaches include DNA and enzyme-based methods that have various limitations, including cost, time, and a lack of specificity and/or sensitivity. Lynntech proposes a new, DNA chip-based technology that generates unique biosignatures of individual sandfly and Leishmania species, without prior genomic information, which can be used to simultaneously genotype both species from extracted sandfly DNA mixtures using mathematical clustering methods. The technology will have wider biodefense significance; i.e., for pathogen and host forensics, identifying engineered pathogen strains, and measuring genetic response to CBRN exposure.

Nexogen, Inc.
9412 Maler Rd.
San Diego, CA 92129
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 657-0270
Elizabeth Mather
A10-118      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Differentiation of Leishmania in the Sand fly Vector
Abstract:Multiplex assays will be developed for identifying Leishmania from sand flies and for determining the species of the parasites. A multiplex PCR will be developed to amplify the gene loci needed to distinguish the closely related species of the pathogenic species. Analysis of the PCR products will be performed on an electronic microarray, a method that is well suited for the rapid analysis of complex gene products. Electronic addressing of the target and hybridization occurs within 1 – 2 minutes. This method allows high levels of multiplex analysis and is excellent at detecting point mutations as well deletions/insertions. The assay will be adapted to a small, inexpensive point-of–care instrument that will integrate the nucleic acid sample preparation with amplification and the electronic microarray detection. This approach offers a rapid method of detection coupled with high levels of multiplexing which will facilitate the identification of multiple species of pathogenic Lieshmania and allow them to be distinguished from the non-pathogenic species with which they coexist in the environment. The combination of automated sample preparation with rapid PCR and rapid detection method will allow a time to result of less than 4 hours making this assay suitable for use in small labs or remote locations.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18 Suite 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A10-119      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Smart Surgical Tool Development
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high energy fiber laser based smart surgical tool to meet with the requirement of this Army solicitation. It includes a high energy eye safer fs fiber laser and a LIBS/MPM imaging system for real time identification and ablation of various materials such as tissues, hard tissues, and metals. A proof of concept experiment for protocols and algorithms will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame. A prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Raydiance, Inc.
2199 S. McDowell Blvd Suite 140
Petaluma, CA 94954
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 559-2100
Mike Mielke
A10-119      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Smart Surgical Tool Development
Abstract:Fiber-based ultrafast lasers, with their ability to athermally ablate organic and inorganic materials, offer the potential for deploying a surgical tool with micron resolution that does not impart collateral damage to areas adjoining a target. Further, ultrafast technology can be used to perform laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) of materials being ablated. This project proposes to develop a “smart scalpel” surgical platform that will integrate the precise ablation capabilities of sub-picosecond laser pulses with a real-time feedback of LIBS analysis, a synergy of tools that will greatly enhance a surgeon’s ability to perform multiple surgical techniques. Research, analyses, modeling, and experimental studies will be conducted in the following areas: ablation protocols for tissues and materials relevant to the ultrafast laser surgical tool, real-time spectroscopic materials differentiation techniques for smart scalpel control, histology of ablated samples to reveal effects of laser and materials interaction, and software algorithms for real-time discrimination of materials during surgical ablation. The option phase of the program will focus on developing rapid reconfiguration of the platform for optimal ablation of different materials and prototyping concepts for beam delivery and spectroscopic feedback signal collection for the surgical tool.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Daniel Renner
A10-120      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:High Speed Flash Imaging Laser Vibrometer for the Detection of Suicide Bomber IEDs (SBIEDs)
Abstract:Aerius, together with our team partners, proposes to develop a Flash Imaging Laser Vibrometer optimized for SBIED detection applications. The proposed vibrometer will operate at a standoff distance of more than 125 meters and have an adjustable Field of View (FOV) so that the attention can readily focus to a subsection of the full Focal Plane Array (FPA) with automatic identification of critical body target areas. The vibrometer will take advantage of its flash imaging capability to provide sub-second response so that it can image personnel while they are on the move. The units will be portable with reduced size, weight and power as well as cost compatible with having multiple sensor systems at a location, operating at different vantage points for full coverage. The proposed solution uses large and rugged Aerius proprietary InGaAs-based Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs). These arrays offer superior noise and sensitivity performance and they are sensitive in the wavelength range from 0.9 µm to 1.7 µm. This SBIED detection solution is scalable, larger FPAs can be introduced when needed providing future-proofing protection.

Photonics Applications, LLC
13218 N. Pioneer Way
Oro Valley, AZ 85755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 797-8183
Steven E. Moran
A10-120      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Laser Vibrometry Detection of SBIEDs
Abstract:This effort has two main objectives. The first is to determine the existence of characterize, and evaluate the utility of a number of postulated SBIED signatures related to the presence of an SBIED explosives belt. These signatures will be explored using a commercial interferometric imaging system viewing a surrogate SBIED in a laboratory environment. The second objective is to develop a design concept for a prototype eye-safe, field-deployable imaging interferometer SBIED detection system that is capable of detecting those postulated SBIED signatures found to be viable at ranges of 100 meters and longer.

BMB Discount Guns, Ammunition, and Supplies
PO BOX 518 311 West Milton Ave
Milton, LA 70558
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(337) 856-6694
Brady Broussard
A10-121      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Dim and Imperceptible Tracer Ammunition Product Development
Abstract:BMB Discount Guns, Ammunition, and Supplies proposes to develop a novel form of dim tracer ammunition. This ammunition is a non-burning, chemically inert, constant mass tracer. This design of this dim tracer is such that it cannot be perceived by enemy forces, even with enhanced optics. This ammunition can be manufactured with masses substantially identical to ball ammunition. By matching the mass and trajectory of ball ammo, the lethality of our tracer ammunition is increased to that of conventional ball ammunition. The production techniques possible with this new form of tracer will also allow for the production of highly accurate, “match” grade tracer ammunition. These new tracer materials, as a class, tend to be non-reactive, pose no flammability risk, and are biologically safe. Precautions in handling and potential ammunition manufacture would be limited to the inhalation and dust contamination hazards common to all powdered materials. Our luminescent tracer concept will greatly increase the value of dim tracer ammunition by providing a more accurate and reliable ammunition tracer to the American warfighter and simplifying and eliminating many of the hazards currently experienced in manufacturing traditional small-arms tracer ammunition.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
A10-121      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:Rearward Emitting Tracer Ammunition
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for small caliber tracer ammunition that is dim and visible only by the shooter and friendly forces, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the novel Rearward Emitting Tracer Ammunition (RETA), based on an innovative design that integrates mature materials and fabrication processes with POC-developed and COTS components. This innovation enables RETA to be visible to the user during the day and not to saturate night-vision goggles/devices. Because it does not leave a visible combustion trail, RETA is only perceptible to the shooter and friendly forces near the shooter while maintaining imperceptibility to foes. Its mass remains unchanged throughout the entire trajectory path; therefore, its lethality and range are not affected. The inert nature of the material in RETA allows it to have a long shelf life with reliable performance. In Phase I, POC will identify the fabrication process and produce prototypes for demonstration. Producibility and optical emission efficacy will be characterized and compared with similar tracer products. In Phase II, POC will optimize the fabrication process and fabricate complete live RETA rounds to demonstrate their capability in a military weapon and to test their capability of integrating and operating within Army operational architecture.

Minnesota Wire & Cable Co.
1835 Energy Park Drive
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 659-6763
Tom Kukowski
A10-122      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Lightweight EMI Resistant Wiring Solutions
Abstract:Wiring and connectors are particularly vulnerable to electromagnetic interference. This is in part due to the harnesses that place both power and signal wiring in close proximity. For many applications, the solution to such a problem might be increasing the amount of shielding on the wires. However, for aviation platforms solutions that add weight are typically not viable. Because they form conductive composites at such low loading ratios, carbon nanotubes could be a key component in EMI shielding. Compared to conventional metal- based EMI shielding materials, electrically conducting polymer composites has attracted interest due to their light weight, resistance to corrosion, flexibility, and processing advantages. Minnesota Defense proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of creating aircraft wires with high-levels of EMI shielding (without adding weight), through the use of carbon nanotube sheets and yarns.

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard Claus
A10-122      Awarded:10/15/2010
Title:Lightweight EMI-Resistant Metal Rubber™ Wiring for Rotorcraft
Abstract:NanoSonic’s breakthrough technology of Metal RubberTM lends itself to the Army’s objective of reducing the EMI susceptibility of wiring on advanced helicopters, by 1) improving the performance of current technology wiring harnesses, and 2) using Metal Rubber’s unique characteristics to fundamentally change wire harness design. Metal Rubber offers significant weight reduction over current solid metal wire, RF shielding and electrical grounding materials. Metal Rubber is a self-assembled nanocomposite with an electrical conductivity on the order of that of bulk copper (107 S/m). Its mass density (1 g/cc) is less than that of copper (8.96 g/cc), so replacing copper wiring with Metal Rubber may result in weight savings of up to 90%. Metal Rubber also exhibits broadband EMI shielding behavior for low areal densities, so may be used as lightweight shielding/ground sheath within cable to reduce EMI coupling and improve EMC performance, and as electrically conducting coating or appliqué on composite structure. During Phase I, NanoSonic will fabricate shielded Metal Rubber wire and cable and versions of shielding/ground materials, and evaluate their electromagnetic and environmental performance according to MIL SPEC standards. NanoSonic has a CAI of 40, works with multiple major defense contractors and has specialized materials onboard fielded defense platforms.

Nico Technologies Corp.
401 W. Morgan Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 945-8131
Kelechi Anyaogu
A10-123      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Ultrastrong Dual Use Nanocomposite Materials for Blast and Transparent Armor
Abstract:The main goal of this proposal is to develop novel lightweight high strength composite materials to be used as materials for next-generation transparent armor for multifunctional structural load support and mitigation of ballistic threats and blast impacts. While providing adequate protection most of the time, the current technology of transparent armor presents difficult challenges due to heavy weight, large thickness, and lack of structural flexibility. To achieve the goals of the research, we intend to use high strength composite materials, in combination with the innovative topological design of the macrostructures. Layer-by-layer assembly method makes possible ideal stress transfer in the material and record mechanical properties exceeding those used in the traditional transparent armor. Hierarchical organization of the proposed laminates combining nanoscale, microscale, and millimeter scale sheets can make possible efficient dissipation of energy and efficient utilization of bulk properties of traditional materials of ballistic-proof and blast resistance transparent shield panels. In the time period allocated for the project, we will prepare the initial test panels with varying composition, evaluate their mechanical properties, carry out third-party ballistic and blast protection tests, and develop a technical cost model for the large scale manufacturing of the novel nanocomposites.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 636-5419
Denise Deppe
A10-123      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Ultrastrong Dual Use Nanocomposite Materials for Blast and Transparent Armor
Abstract:Nanocomposites are proving effective in protecting occupants of tactical ground vehicles from ballistic threats and mine blasts while maintaining optical transparency. In the proposed program, (Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) will develop a process for manufacturing these materials at rates higher than previously achieved. This approach utilizes SMRC’s experience in the development of transparent ballistic materials as well as its expertise in polymer nanocomposites and the design of automated process equipment. Aqueous solutions of crosslinkable polymer and aqueous suspensions of nanoclay will be simultaneously sprayed onto a surface to produce thin films that are then layered and crosslinked to form thick sheets. Crosslinking chemically bonds the reinforcing nanoclay to the polymer matrix, maximizing load transfer. The resulting nanomaterials are transparent and have the high tensile strength and stiffness typical of self-assembled polymer-clay nanocomposites made using the time-consuming layer-by-layer (LbL) processes. The simultaneous-spray process will be capable of producing large sheets of material with throughput more than 200 times that of LbL. In Phase I, both the chemistry and the process will be tailored to maximize strength, toughness, and transparency, culminating in the demonstration of ballistic resistance in testing and qualification to the required STANAG 4569 Protection Level.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 3
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2015
Hisashi Tsukamoto
A10-124      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range
Abstract:Quallion LLC (Quallion) responds to SBIR solicitation No. A10-124 entitled “Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range.” The objectives of this Phase I solicitation call for the development of “[i]ncrease the operational temperature range of prismatic laminate lithium ion battery cells through electrolyte and materials improvements which allows transition of these batteries to Army ground vehicles without the overhead of specialized heating and cooling systems.” To achieve this objective in Phase I, Quallion will evaluate several cell electrolytes to optimize Quallion’s current low temperature electrolyte technology and increase its high temperature stability using its existing high power chemistry as a baseline. Quallion will evaluate several combinations of cell materials based on its extensive experience with a variety of cell materials capable of operating in the wide temperature range. When these studies are completed, Quallion will fabricate small test cells using the developed electrolyte and selected materials and conduct testing over a wide temperature range. Using the Phase I results, during Phase II, Quallion will produce large format cells integrated to a battery of the “6T” form factor.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1241
David Ofer
A10-124      Awarded:2/25/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range
Abstract:TIAX, LLC will develop a laminated prismatic Lithium-ion cell based on electrolyte formulations that TIAX has already demonstrated to be capable of supporting high power and long operational life across an extended temperature range from -50 şC to 70 şC. The cell chemistry will incorporate anode and cathode materials chosen to enable high rate charging at low temperature, and long cycle life in laminated cell packaging at high temperature, while achieving the highest energy content that can be obtained within the restraints of the operating temperature and cell packaging requirements.

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 663-9500
Kurt D. Annen
A10-125      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Plug & Play Integrated Hybrid Power System for Humanoid Robot
Abstract:Robotic platforms, such as humanoid robots and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are significantly contributing to the capabilities of the U.S. Army. The BEAR humanoid robot offers exceptional capabilities for a robotic platform, but its mission duration is substantially constrained by the low volumetric energy density of rechargeable batteries. For maximum operational flexibility, the power source must be contained within the BEAR outer form and not attached externally to the back of the BEAR. This presents a challenging volumetric energy density requirement for its power source. No currently commercially available power systems can meet all of the power source requirements for the BEAR robot, including the energy density requirement. Aerodyne Research, Inc (ARI) with its teaming partner Busek Co. proposes to adapt ARI’s free-piston miniature IC engine (MICE) generator technology to the humanoid robot power source application. This technology can provide lightweight, compact power generation using JP-8 fuel that is well-suited for the challenging BEAR robot application. The power source will have hybrid capability, providing power from batteries alone, from the MICE generator alone, or from a combination of both, and will allow the batteries to be recharged while providing power to the robot during most of the mission.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Anna Galea
A10-126      Awarded:10/28/2010
Title:Reducing the Effect of Motion Sickness by Oculo-Vestibular Equilibration and Suppression (REMOVES)
Abstract:Motion sickness is of particular military importance in the transport of troops, be it by air, by land, or by sea. Motion sickness affects a person's ability to function at the peak of their performance, which is an important concern for troops being transported to the mission theater of operations. Despite the potential difficulties that can be incited by motion sickness, armed forces are frequently subjected to situations that can bring on motion sickness. Driving under indirect-vision driving (IVD) conditions is particularly disposed to result in motion sickness. Despite the importance of mitigating motion sickness, to date the only proven methods for reducing symptoms of motion sickness are pharmacological and thus, are of limited use to armed forces. Pharmaceuticals must be taken in advance of transport, a luxury of time our troops don’t always have. Moreover, they typically have associated cognitive effects which last long after transportation is completed. Our promising on-demand, non-pharmacological method of mitigating motion sickness, will be of considerable aid to our troops driving under IVD conditions, enabling them to reach destinations and complete missions without the adverse and prolonged effects of either motion sickness or traditional treatments.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
A10-126      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:Motion Sickness Reduction System
Abstract:To address the Army need for innovative approaches that will reduce vehicle-display-induced motion sickness, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Motion Sickness Reduction (MSR) system. This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes mature components developed in-house and COTS components. The innovation in integrating design and implementation of a foveated head-mounted display will enable the MSR system to reduce vehicle-display-induced motion sickness and to evaluate system performance. To do so, this MSR system offers reduced indirect vision driving (IVD) system latency (<80 ms), stabilization of the source video stream, and video correction in accordance with a driver’s or operator’s head movement. The system will have an automatic capability to evaluate its performance characteristics. These features directly address the PEO Integration acquisition program requirements to improve performance of drivers and C2 operators while operating in IVD mode. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of an MSR system prototype in laboratory experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fieldable prototype, test it on a military vehicle, and deliver it to the Army.

CalRAM, Inc.
2380 Shasta Ave, Suite B
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 844-7819
Dave Ciscel
A10-127      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Additive Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:Lightweight gimbal assemblies capable of meeting both thermal and structural requirements in military aviation environments can be accomplished through the use of titanium alloys. However, to achieve a production unit cost not to exceed $600-$1200 per gimbal assembly for a seeker gimbal assembly based on expectations for 20,000 to 30,000 gimbals is very challenging. CalRAM, Inc, a company established to do additive manufacturing, has been developing a near-net shape fabrication process capable of generating titanium components with physical and mechanical properties comparable to wrought titanium. The “tool-less” process called Electron Beam Melting (EBM) manufacturing produces parts directly from CAD files, uses an electron beam as the energy source and melts titanium powder in a heated powder bed. Since the process builds parts one-layer at a time, several details can be integrated into each layer reducing part count. CalRAM’s vision to accomplish the high- volume and low-cost targets will be to create a dedicated manufacturing cell based on EBM fabrication coupled with CNC machining, inspection, cleaning and packaging. The goal of Phase I is to develop a recommendation for the leading approach to produce gimbal assemblies for Phase II.

Integran Technologies USA Inc.
2541 Appletree Dr
Pittsburgh, PA 15241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(954) 328-3880
Edward Yokley
A10-127      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Advanced Materials and Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:Integran Technologies USA, Inc. (Integran USA) is pleased to provide this proposal in response to the Army Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Request for Proposal (RFP) “A10-127: Advanced Materials and Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals”, to investigate the use of novel nanometal/polymer hybrids as lightweight, low cost alternatives to the materials used in conventional gimbal assemblies. By combining low cost, injection molded polymer substrates with high strength nanocrystalline metals coatings, new hybrid materials are created that exhibit strength and stiffness comparable to that of lightweight metals such as aluminum or magnesium, while maintaining densities comparable to those of plastics. Injection molding the substrate will allow for signification cost savings compared to machining or die casing and can still allow for intricately designed parts. This project will investigate the use of nanometal/polymer hybrid materials as lightweight and low cost alternatives to conventional materials for seeker gimbal assemblies. Phase I efforts will focus on selecting the optimal nanometal alloy and polymer combination and their respective volume fractions to yield the desired strength, stiffness, and thermal expansion requirements.

Global Aerospace Corporation
711 West Woodbury Road, Suite H
Altadena, CA 91001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 345-1200
Kerry T. Nock
A10-128      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Missile Deployed Aerial Platform
Abstract:Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC) proposes to carry out the development of a Missile Deployed Aerial Platform (MDAP) that is capable of instantly providing communications, intelligence, surveillance, and/or reconnaissance capabilities to the battlefield warfighter. Real time battlefield information, from communications and situational awareness assets, is becoming more critical to commanders for moment-to-moment decision-making. To address this need, GAC proposes a disposable satellite-like aerial platform. GAC's approach satisfies the Army's need for an aerial platform that can instantly be deployed above a battlefield by a missile and that is designed to support Army Enterprise payloads. One concept of operations has a payload and stowed aerial platform being placed into the weapon bay of a tactical missile. The missile and platform are then programmed for launch and deployment, respectively, at a desired geographic location and altitude above a battlefield. GAC's concept is lightweight and low-cost; has a selectable deployment altitude and target range; achieves high-speed deceleration and orientation of missile forebody for platform deployment; incorporates a controller that initiates deployment; features a reliable and robust deployment method; and finally, easily scales up to larger missile size, for larger Army payloads or higher altitude, with little increase in unit cost.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Stephen Schoenholtz
A10-128      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Missile Delivered Aerial Platform with Modular Payload Interface
Abstract:A persistent presence above the battlefield provides for distinct advantages in areas of operation. Aerial platforms can suspend surveillance, SIGINT and C3 payloads aloft for the use of operators and observers. These resources are often most effective when they can be deployed instantly. KaZaK proposes a missile delivered aerial platform with a modular, high- capacity payload allowing operators to place communications or intelligence equipment above an AO within seconds of a launch order. Currently, three technologies are available to perform this mission: lighter-than-air, fixed wing and rotary wing. KaZaK proposes a collapsible fixed wing vehicle as the payload platform. Initial conceptual design shows that the fixed wing planform is 98% smaller than the lighter-than-air option and requires a 90% smaller engine than the rotary wing option. The Phase I effort includes development of vehicle designs, missile integration, high-speed deployment risk mitigation and performance analysis to position for a Phase II prototype build. Design criteria include providing a large payload capacity, +2 hours of endurance, autonomous station-keeping orbit, missile payload geometry conformance and maintaining missile mass properties. The resulting system will launch, rapidly transit to an area of interest, deploy an aerial vehicle and remain aloft for the duration of the mission.

Akervall Technologies Inc.
Tech Brewery 137 Jones Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 505-3552
Jan Akervall
A10-129      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Computer-design and Biomechanical Testing of Impact-energy Absorbing Protective Mandibular Appliance
Abstract:Akervall Technologies Inc. is developing a novel approach to energy-absorbing and energy- dissipating mouth guards. It is proposed to systematically measure and characterize in a biomechanics laboratory a set of realistic impact conditions, identifying the transmission and propagation of forces from jaw or dentition to TMJ, skull, and neck without and with a variety of dental appliances in place, comparing the effectiveness of impact energy dissipation of commercially available appliances to that of the patent pending appliance under development by Akervall Technologies, Inc. The second technical objective of the proposed project is to develop a multiphysics model geared toward optimizing the impact energy dissipation of appliance materials and designs, based on the experimental results obtained in the biomechanics laboratory, and to explore how and to what extent appropriately designed mouth guards with strategically placed perforations and energy-absorbing zones can dissipate the energies transmitted to the TMJ and skull. The computer-guided optimized mouth guard design will then be translated into prototypes for further biomechanical impact testing, and manufacturing techniques will be developed that are suitable for the production of mouth guard prototypes meeting military specifications.

TOOL., INCORPORATED
4 BERINGER WAY
MARBLEHEAD, MA 01945
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 631-7500
John Fiegener
A10-129      Awarded:10/28/2010
Title:MTBI Protective Mandibular Appliance
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI), often caused by shock waves from blasts, has been called the "signature wound" of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Commonly, the deleterious effects on the blast are compounded by the extra forces transmitted to the skull from the jaw through the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In contact sports, it has been shown that mouth guards can be effective in reducing concussions and mild TBI. This proposal describes how tool., Inc., in collaboration with Dr. Robert Cantu of Boston University Medical Center and Emerson Hospital, a world-renowned authority on neurology and sports medicine, will develop an appliance to mitigate concussive forces associated with high-energy blasts. In Phase I, potential materials and relevant existing devices, particularly athletic mouth guards, will be researched for their application to a product that could be used by the military. Initial design concepts will be worked out based on this research. In the Phase I Option, more concrete models will be made as a precursor to an in-depth commercialization plan to be addressed in Phase II.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Frank Adelstein
A10-130      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:USB Steward
Abstract:Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices such as thumb drives are commonly used to share information between computers and thus serve as vectors for attacks. For example, unsuspecting military personnel can easily carry malicious software or hardware into secure environments on USB thumb drives. Malicious USB devices present a significant risk to users, but USB and commercial operating systems do not protect against malicious devices. ATC-NY, in collaboration with Architecture Technology Corporation, will develop USB Steward, a USB firewall that drastically reduces the risk presented by malicious USB hardware. USB Steward will be a physical device that separates the host computer and an untrusted USB device, filtering communication between the host and device and enforcing the USB standards. USB Steward combines existing and novel approaches in innovative ways to solve problems not addressed by existing software-based controls while enabling users at secure facilities to use USB devices.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Chris Lomont
A10-130      Awarded:2/2/2011
Title:USB Firewall for Direct Connect USB Cyber Warfare Protection
Abstract:Malware spreading from unprotected USB ports has been increasing for several years, resulting in a complete ban on using USB external devices on Army computers. As administrators have locked down auto-execute on Windows and other OSes, attackers have changed to spoofing hardware components, opening multiple devices (allowable under USB specs), and even exploiting holes in kernel drivers be sending specially crafted packets to the OS. Most systems provide no protection on the USB ports, assuming that users will not attack their own computer. Cybernet proposes to design and implement a low-cost USB hardware firewall, which will prevent a device from masquerading as undesired device types, and which will validate the USB connection and packets, providing another layer of assurance against malformed packet attacks. On device storage can provide a log of firewall activity, and help in forensic analysis of unknown or untrusted devices. The result of a Phase I effort will be a prototype demonstrating USB passthrough and monitoring for a single device class and blocking of one device class. The result of Phase II will be a TRL 5 device and a production plan.

ASR Corporation
7817 Bursera, NW
Albuquerque, NM 87120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 830-3000
Michael D. Abdalla
A10-131      Awarded:12/10/2010
Title:Compact Efficient Electrically Small Broadband Antennas
Abstract:Recent advances in electrically small antennas have been proposed for a range of communications applications. In general these antennas have wide impedance bandwidths, but low efficiency and power handling capabilities. Recently members of our team at the University of Arizona have developed a class of efficient electrically small antennas (EESAs) that we call the EZ antenna that gets around these limitations through careful design of the space-loading of the antenna. The loading strategies we have pursued are based on advances in the field of metmaterials. We have designed and built prototype systems throughout the 100 MHz – 10GHz frequency rantes, but our designs have not been optimized or tested for HPM applications. In this proposal, we seek to alter the strategies proposed for low-voltage electrically small geometries and adapt them to handle high input voltages and powers.

Minerva Systems & Technologies, LLC
55 John Clarke Road
Middletown, RI 02842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 855-6721
Kalyan Ganesan
A10-131      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Compact Efficient Electrically Small Broadband Antennas
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to design and develop compact, efficient, electrically small, broadband antennas that are capable of handling high voltages of greater than 100 kV, and fit into small geometrical spaces of less than 40 mm in diameter and 50 mm in length. Previously insurmountable challenges to achieving the stringent requirements of simultaneous compact size, wider bandwidths, and high to moderate efficiencies are addressed by using a unique combination of metamaterials and design approaches. The designs are based on volumetric sources such as the Dielectric Resonator Antennas (DRAs) with bandwidths of 50% or better and with dimensions of better than 0.15Lambda, by employing layered magneto-dielectric metamaterials. A volumetric source, such as a DRA, as opposed to a printed planar or wire source, inherently provides higher bandwidths. DRAs, in addition, provide high power handling capability due to their high dielectric strengths, > 200 V/mil. Even though achieving a single antenna that covers the entire band of 20 MHz to 1 GHz is quite challenging, we believe that the wideband performance can be achieved with about 3 to 4 antennas, each covering a wide band of frequencies, in the HF to UHF bands.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Roberto Marcelo Schupbach
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop and commercialize a high temperature gate driver for silicon carbide (SiC) FET switches to enable the development of the next generation of high-efficiency, high-power-density power converters. At the conclusion of Phase I, Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc. (APEI, Inc.) will design and fabricate a high temperature (250 °C) gate driver utilizing discrete SiC circuitry and high temperature silicon-on-insulator (HTSOI) ASICs with off chip planar magnetic isolation. These designs will then be transitioned into an all SiC IC process in Phase II. APEI, Inc. has already developed a discrete HTSOI/SiC based gate driver which will meet most of the electrical needs of this program. This Phase I will focus on enhancing the features of APEI, Inc.’s gate driver technology, and provide a development path for implementing the technology in an all SiC IC. APEI, Inc. will commercialize the full gate driver (ICs, transformers, packaging, etc.) into military platforms through our prime defense partners at the conclusion of Phase II.

Global Power Electronics, INC.
27 Mauchly, Suite 206
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-0041
Jung Hee Han
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:This project will extend the performance and capabilities of an existing and proven Silicon- on-Insulator (SOI) high temperature gate drive integrated circuit developed by the University of Tennessee (UT) to meet the Army’s requirements for a high performance SiC Gate Drive. GPE and UT will develop circuits that add high temperature galvanic isolation, high current SiC buffer drivers, and inherently safe operation with normally-on devices. Electrical and Thermal analysis will be performed at the prescribed operating temperatures and frequencies for all three types of SiC power switches. The deliverable for Phase I will be a project report with simulation results and recommendations for Phase II. The objective for the Phase I Option is to prepare for the Prototype fabrication in Phase II. GPE will conduct a conceptual packaging study to determine the best electrical layout for high frequency and the best thermal layout for reduction of device temperatures and stress reduction. Currently there are no commercially available low voltage SiC devices for a small footprint buffer circuit so another task will be to optimize the SiC buffer for low voltage operation.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Ross W. Bird
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:The proposed modular high temperature Time Domain Isolated (TDI) Driver is a large step forward in technology, enabling the inherent benefits of current SiC switching devices. Designed to operate in the same environment as the switching devices the gate driver can finally be collocated with the SiC MOSFETs and JFETs being driven. Maximized performance at high speeds, precise switching waveforms at the gates, depletion mode JFET capable, and integrated protection feature within the device will deliver the realization of present and future ARMY requirements.

United Silicon Carbide, Inc
7 Deer Park Drive, Suite E
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-0550
Petre Alexandrov
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:Various harsh environment applications, such as the propulsion systems of Hybrid Electrical Vehicles (HEV), space systems, and energy exploration applications, require compact and efficient electrical power systems with reduced cooling requirements. Power modules based on Silicon Carbide (SiC) are able to provide the required performance in these application areas due to the unique material properties of SiC. Gate drivers, used to control high power modules, need to be placed physically close to the power switches, where operation at elevated ambient temperatures above 200°C is required and a switching frequency of approximately 200kHz is desired to benefit from the capabilities of SiC power modules. Gate drivers based on silicon devices are generally not able to operate at temperatures above 150°C because of excessive junction leakage currents. We propose to fill the need for high temperature drive electronics by developing compact, high frequency, high temperature silicon carbide (SiC) gate driver modules to control high temperature SiC transistor power modules, capable of operation in the temperature range from -40°C to 200°C, based on our innovative 4H-SiC lateral JFET technology.

Ellipsah LLC
28 Thrumont Road
West Caldwell, NJ 07006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 432-7401
Steven R. Garfinkel
A10-133      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Power regenerative suspension systems
Abstract:Ellipsah LLC proposes a Phase I research program that will study the feasibility, benefits, performance and costs of an energy regenerative suspension system. The anticipated energy surplus, under various operating conditions, will be determined. Ellipsah’s research will focus on innovative linear motor design concepts, which when implemented will increase the regenerative energy and reduce the system cost, so that commercialization will become economically feasible. The innovative low cost linear motor and integral electronic controller, replace the shock absorber in vehicle suspension systems, improving ride performance and providing energy generation while being easily installed into existing vehicles. Ellipsah is uniquely qualified to perform this research, having experience in all the technologies required to analyze, design and prototype an energy regenerative suspension system. Ellipsah is expert in control systems analysis, electromagnetic finite element analysis, motor design, actuator design, and motor controller design. These claims are substantiated in the proposal’s past experience section.

Levant Power Corporation
288 Norfolk St
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 313-2076
David Diamond
A10-133      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Power regenerative suspension systems
Abstract:This project will demonstrate the feasibility of using regenerative suspension technology with semi-active control capabilities to both harness waste energy from military vehicle suspensions and simultaneously improve ride quality/handling. The proposed effort includes modeling, simulation, and evaluation of a power regenerative suspension system based on empirical and modeled results from GenShock, our breakthrough regenerative suspension technology. GenShock harvests waste energy on vehicles, machines, and aircraft, turning linear motion into usable electric power. GenShock extends vehicle range, improves maneuverability, augments fuel economy, and increases the readiness and survivability of the force. Simultaneously and without sacrificing power generation, GenShock improves stability, safety, maximum all-terrain speed, and ride quality of ground vehicles and weapons platforms. In semi-active mode, GenShock stiffens and softens the suspension in concert with terrain and other parameters. The proposed system utilizes proven hydraulics and electromechanical technologies in a durable and low-cost packaging for optimal performance, durability, and cost/benefit.

Cosworth LLC
3031 Fujita Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 534-1390
John Vaughan
A10-134      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:JP-8 Hydraulic Power System for Legged Robot
Abstract:The Gen II Big Dog (LS3) requires a JP8/diesel-fueled engine to power its hydraulic pump. This 30-45kw engine and hydraulic pump must weigh less than 110 lbs and consume less than .66lbs/kw*hr. Cosworth proposes to adapt one of its a direct injection, compression ignition, 2-stroke cycle engines for this application. Cosworth’s core business is the design, development, manufacture, test and deployment of high performance reciprocating internal combustion engines of various different fuel types. In Phase I Cosworth has 3 engine configurations that will be studied further using a variety of modelling and simulation programs. Cosworth will utilize its extensive knowledge gained on previous JP8 engine programs to do preliminary design work for these 3 configurations. A variety of FE, CFD and performance analysis will be conducted to determine the optimal engine configuration. In Phase II Cosworth will fabricate and test this engine configuration. In-house facilities including dynomometers, environmental test cells and materials laboratories will be used to validate the performance of the engine, first stand-alone, and then mounted with the hydraulic pump. It will then be mounted to the Big Dog and additional testing will be done to ensure that all programs objectives have been met including power output, fuel consumption, noise output and thermal management.

Sturman Industries, Inc.
One Innovation Way
Woodland Park, CO 80863
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 686-6074
David L. Drury
A10-134      Awarded:11/13/2010
Title:JP-8 Hydraulic Power System for Legged Robot
Abstract:The Army is in need of a heavy fuel engine with 30-45 kW output and weighing no more than 110 lbs. This engine will drive a hydraulic supply system that will power a legged military robot. Such a small heavy duty engine with such high power density is not available commercially, therefore it needs to be developed. To that end, in this project a commercially available light aircraft diesel engine – the baseline engine – will be modified to achieve required design specifications. The baseline engine will be a two-stroke opposed piston diesel engine which offers simplicity and good power density to start with. The baseline engine will be converted to a hydraulic free-piston engine which allows direct conversion of combustion power to hydraulic power. This design not only eliminates the hydraulic pump from the system, but also allows the elimination of heavy components such as the crankshaft and the gear train from the baseline engine. Furthermore, the already available hydraulic power will be used to boost the air charge and to drive the fuel system. Finally, the fuel system will contribute to mass reduction and will be capable of using both diesel and JP-8 fuels.

Terra Engineering LLC
18422 South Broadway
Gardena, CA 90248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 467-2194
Todd Mendenhall
A10-135      Awarded:12/17/2010
Title:High Mobility Robotic Platform with Active Articulated Suspension
Abstract:This proposal describes the development of highly versatile rough terrain robotic transport for use as a squad support vehicle. Extensive use of commercial components and assemblies will allow a vehicle with purpose designed capabilities to be rapidly created and tested for a modest cost. The design includes a central prime mover to provide power to all wheels for high bandwidth traction control. In addition, the active suspension allows the vehicle weight to be distributed where necessary to climb and traverse steep slopes and large obstacles, Payloads can be accommodated both internally and externally on the transport depending on its susceptibility to environmental extremes. A master computational resource distributes JAUS compatible state commands to individual wheel controllers. The resulting vehicle exceeds all program requirements and could be ready for field testing is a very short period of time.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2312
Steven D. Dietz
A10-136      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Energy-Efficient Hybrid Water Purification
Abstract:Today’s military must be highly mobile and carry all necessary equipment and supplies with them. A major limitation to mobility is the need to carry fresh water. Although there are military systems that are very effective in treating any source water for drinking, the size, weight, energy requirements often make them impractical for use by small units and small operating bases. What is needed is a mobile, light weight, energy efficient (<20 Wh/gallon) water treatment system that can treat any source water to produce water that meets military drinking water standards. In Phase I we will build a proof of concept breadboard unit to demonstrate a hybrid water treatment system can desalinate seawater to less than 500 ppm total dissolved solids and in fresh water mode treat source water to 15-minute silt density index values of less than 3.0 and turbidity values less than 1.0 NTU. From this work we will be able to accurately show a pathway to meet the weight, volume and energy metrics for the system. The design work for a system that can purify 300 gallons per day of seawater, weighing less than 500 pounds and less than 25 cubic feet of volume will be done during the Phase I Option period of the project, and prototype systems will be built during Phase II.

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9000
Vahid Sotoudeh
A10-137      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Fiber Optic Temperature Sensor for Thermal Profile Monitoring of Track Components
Abstract:IFOS proposes a low-power fiber Bragg grating (FBG) integrated temperature monitoring system for monitoring the thermal behavior of track components such as bushings and pads. The proposed sensor concept includes wireless data transmission capability and optical interrogation unit that can be mounted remotely on the vehicle. The state-of-art FBG sensors will be capable of measuring temperature in real-time with high degree of accuracy, without compromising the durability of the elastomer components subject to the measurement. The proposed design will enable real time thermal mapping of components subjected to high temperatures, thus providing the operational data needed to establish and test requirements for newly developed improved track components. In other key advances we will investigate the possibility of miniaturizing the optical interrogator, and explore implementation of wireless networkable sensor system as well as advanced energy harvesting. In Phase I, IFOS will perform a feasibility test of embedding fibers both within bushing rubbers and along interfaces with metallic components, and several alternative fiber mounting and layout approaches will be considered to identify the most optimal implementations. In Phases II the IFOS research team will install the complete sensing suite in a 158 LL track platform and demonstrate it during operation.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 996-9054
Michael White
A10-137      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Real Time Thermal Mapping Techniques for Elastomeric Track Components
Abstract:Acquisition of real-time measurements of track component temperatures is necessary for establishing the requirements for improved parts and materials. To support this, Templeman Automation LLC. (TA) proposes its Wireless Tank Track Monitoring (WTTM) system using embedded, battery-free RFID sensor chips. WTTM uniquely combines industry-proven miniature RFID sensor chip technology from Phase I partner Phase IV Engineering with wireless, mesh-network telemetry capabilities and ultra-rugged monolithic packaging. Phase IV RFID sensors overcome limitations of access and surface contamination through an advanced ASIC RFID design that enables elastomer-penetrating, multi-point temperature sensing from a battery-free component about the size of a single grain of rice. Because the read range of passive RFID sensors is limited, WTTM applies Phase IV sensor chips in a TA measurement suite that wirelessly transmits real-time data to one or more visualization/storage terminals via a ZigBee mesh network. This allows test personnel on or off a full-speed moving vehicle to monitor track component temperatures, up to 1000 feet away. WTTM has the advantage of having no moving parts or critical mechanical tolerances, allowing the hardware to be fully potted and monolithic.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Wen Lu
A10-138      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:High Energy Supercapacitor
Abstract:The U.S. Army is the owner and operator of the world’s largest fleet of ground vehicles. Despite substantial interest in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) technologies, there are no tactical HEVs in the military today. One limitation is that most commercially available ultracapacitor systems have difficulty meeting the challenging requirements associated with Army HEV applications, sufficiently high energy density in particular. To address this need, ADA proposes the use of low cost nanostructured electrodes and ionic liquid electrolytes for advanced ultracapacitors that will enable increased power and energy density and inherently safer operation.

Fractal Systems, Inc.
108 4th Street
Belleair Beach, FL 33786
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 595-6175
Matt Aldissi
A10-138      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Solvent-Free Asymmetric Capacitors for Automotive Applications
Abstract:The lower energy density of electrochemical capacitors (ECs) compared with that of batteries has been a serious drawback in terms of their use for electric and hybrid vehicle technology and several other applications. Therefore, the fabrication of high energy and power density ECs in a wide temperature range is critical for their successful implementation in the automotive market. Fractal Systems Inc. proposes to develop commercially viable asymmetric ECs using modified intercalated oxides as cathode materials and an activated carbon anode in an ionic liquid electrolyte with specific energy and power that will surpass those of existing activated carbon ECs. The proposed program is a natural extension to the capacitor related efforts conducted by the principal investigator. We will fabricate and characterize the materials to ensure that the desired properties needed for the proposed capacitors are obtained. One-cell capacitor assembly and characterization will be performed to validate our approach. Material/process optimization and scale up will take place in Phase II where we will produce capacitors for testing by our industrial partners, who will also build prototypes for commercialization of the technology.

Applied Sciences, Inc.
141 W. Xenia Ave. PO Box 579
Cedarville, OH 45314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 766-2020
David J. Burton
A10-139      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Rechargeable, High Energy Density, Lithium-Air Batteries
Abstract:Many defense systems such as silent watch, soldier power, unmanned vehicles, communications equipment, and directed energy weapons require portable power which limits the duration and capability of missions relying upon these systems. The DoD is therefore seeking energy storage devices with higher energy densities to extend mission duration and capability. Of all battery technologies currently available, batteries which rely upon lithium-air chemistry have the highest energy density. However, lithium-air battery performance is limited by issues with the metallic lithium anode and poor performance of the cathode. Applied Sciences, Inc. proposes overcome these issues through the use of a carbon nanofiber (CNF) negative electrode coated with amorphous silicon treated to form a stable Solid Electrolyte Interface (SEI), and a positive electrode with a rapid oxygen- exchange catalyst impregnated in a gas-diffusion electrode. The performance and characteristics of negative electrode have already been demonstrated, and this project applies it in the Li-air system. The positive electrode catalyst will be a transition-metal oxide with high activity for O-O bond cleavage and fast oxygen exchange. It is anticipated that the combination of the advanced anode with the proposed cathode will exceed the targeted energy density of 1000 AH/kg, and other performance metrics including cost.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0530
Robert C. McDonald, Ph.D.
A10-139      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:New Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium-Air Battery with Increased Cycle Life for Silent Watch Applications
Abstract:The army requires substantial improvements in battery energy density compared to current lithium-ion and lead acid batteries. The lightweight lithium-air battery has the potential to meet these needs, provided certain material characteristics can be improved, including extended lithium rechargeability, electrolyte stability, decreased air cathode polarization and stable performance at elevated cell operating temperatures. Giner, Inc. (Giner) will use its stable high-voltage electrolyte system together with improved air-electrode design and processing to achieve the cycle life and energy density requirements for silent watch applications. Electrolyte composition and air-side cathode catalyst structure will be optimized for continuous operation of a prototype lithium-air cell operating in air.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 3
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2002
Hisashi Tsukamoto
A10-139      Awarded:2/23/2011
Title:Lithium Air Rechargeable Battery
Abstract:Quallion LLC’s (Quallion) proposal responds to SBIR Solicitation No. A10-139 entitled “Lithium Air Rechargeable Battery.” The solicitation calls for lithium air battery with a much higher energy density and longer duration energy storage system to replace lead acid or lithium ion batteries in non-primary power systems and silent watch applications. To achieve the objective in Phase I, Quallion proposes to develop a rechargeable lithium-air system to increase energy density and cycle stability. This new development will reduce the overall weight of current primary lithium-air technology and stabilize the lithium metal thereby increasing energy density to 1000 Wh/kg and cycle life to 200 cycles. In addition, the proposed technology will provide limited self-discharge, good charge/discharge efficiencies, low temperature performance, and long calendar life of lithium batteries. Phase I will demonstrate the performance of cell prototypes incorporating the new developments. In Phase II, multiple cells will be built with the modified design and tested over the conditions of interest to demonstrate the target goals of 1000 Wh/kg and 200 cycles.

August Research Systems
2414 Lytle Road Suite 101
Bethel Park, PA 15102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 854-1096
David T. Vituccio
A10-140      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:Rapidly Deployable Thin Film Camouflage
Abstract:August Research Systems, Inc. proposes to establish the feasibility of rapidly deployable, thin-film camouflage coatings for on ground vehicles. The film-based coatings will leverage the robust and expanding vehicle wraps industry, which provides full-vehicle appliqué systems that are digitally printed, self-adhesive, vinyl films that serve as a medium for vivid vehicle graphics, while the underlying vehicle paint is protected. Vehicle wraps offer potential advantages in military use among which are: enabling color-rich, digitally optimized camouflage patterns without the need for paint; the circumvention of a paint operation for refreshing or changing vehicle appearance; a deployable and field-installable coating system that is 0-VOC and free of hazardous air pollutants; protection and life extension of underlying CARC paint; and rapid, cost-effective repair or replacement. However, wrap technology does not address several important military requirements such as non-slip properties, specific camouflage color and gloss characteristics, and near infrared reflectance spectral requirements. This Phase I effort will, through testing and evaluation, quantify the shortcomings of current wrap material and manufacturing technology per military requirements and define innovative approaches for the engineering and production of militarily useful wrap materials for vehicle applications.

Integument Technologies, Inc.
72 Pearce Avenue
Tonawanda, NY 14150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 873-1199
Terrence G. Vargo
A10-140      Awarded:10/25/2010
Title:Rapidly Deployable Thin Film Camouflage
Abstract:Integument Technologies, Inc., proposes to develop and provide fluoropolymer (e.g. Teflon®) based paint replacement appliqué (i.e., wrap) systems that randomly distribute camouflage pigment in a non-repeating pattern over various Army land and sea vehicles. This applique system has to date been developed on previous DOD programs and offers the advantage of (1)Novel adhesive backings for long term use with the added feature of being easy to apply and remove for rapid depot or field camouflage reconfiguration.(2)Resistance and stability to Mil-fluid requirements for application on military vehicles as determined via previous testing. (3)Superior resistance and long term stability to relevant weathering including UV and Saltand SO2 Spray. (4)Superior CARC characteristics as compared to existing CARC paints without environmental or human toxicity problems associated with current CARC paints, and (5)Excellent Fire and Smoke features that pass DoD and FAA requirements for application on Air Force and Navy shelters and aircraft

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
A10-142      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:Hands-off Ergonomic Robot Operation (HERO)
Abstract:Robotic unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) are being used by ground combat forces in greater numbers, providing the warfighter with critical standoff capabilities in high-risk operational scenarios. Most UGV systems are teleoperated using a hand-held operator control unit with a built-in display. To operate these systems, operators must look down and use their hands, which decreases situational awareness (SA) and leaves them unable to carry a weapon. Both factors leave the operator vulnerable, increasing risk and requiring additional protection resources for robot-related operations. To allow the operator to maintain SA and carry a weapon while controlling a UGV, we propose to design and demonstrate a system for Hands-off Ergonomic Robot Operation (HERO). HERO gives the operator supervisory control over the robot using a combination of semi-autonomous capabilities and low-burden human-system interface. The operator can issue high-level commands to the robot, which performs tasks without the need for direct manipulation. A multimodal interface is used to make the system more intuitive and robust against environmental conditions. HERO combines speech and gesture recognition with both audio and visual feedback, using head and glove-mounted hardware so the operator can maintain SA and carry a weapon. A helmet-mounted display is provided for non-line-of-sight operation.

Think-A-Move
23715 Mercantile Rd. Suite 100
Beachwood, OH 44122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 765-8875
Chris Blanco
A10-142      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Hands-Free and Heads-Up Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Think-A-Move (TAM) will develop a heads-up, hands-free speech command control system for UGVs. Also, TAM, in conjunction with Autonomous Solutions, will develop and implement appropriate autonomous behaviors and video servoing capabilities. And, TAM will develop a plan to review the human-factors of different COTS video display systems. This proposal addresses two critical challenges of current Unmanned Ground Vehicle Operator Control Units: Reduced Operator Situational Awareness because of the need to focus on the display screen, and that with current systems, the Operator does not contribute to the firing power of an Infantry Squad when operating a UGV because UGV operations require two hands.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Shan Li-Ryan
A10-143      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:On-board Autonomous Surveillance and Navigation System
Abstract:The Army seeks to develop a system to allow an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) to extract useful information from surveillance video, to reposition itself to optimize data collection and communications, and to conceal itself. To meet the Army’s requirement, BCI proposes an Onboard Autonomous Surveillance and Navigation System (OASN) with Enhanced Accuracy and Low Computation Cost for UGVs, based on our extensive experience in target detection and recognition, intelligent video analysis algorithms, IR/visual sensor developments, and autonomous navigation systems for ground vehicles. BCI’s proposed OASN efficiently integrates our two innovations—ultra-fast human and vehicle activity auto-detection and high- accuracy object-oriented video navigation—into a compact, onboard video surveillance system, which not only achieves ultra-fast and highly accurate human and vehicle detection over in-the-field UGV platforms, but also supports autonomous UGV and sensor position adjustments and concealment improvement. The proposed algorithms are of very low computation cost and support ultra-fast initial system setup and configuration. The OASN algorithms are also energy efficient for onboard calculation. BCI’s proposed novel OASN system can be easily implemented with the commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products and open source products by means of flexible hardware and software design, and is capable of working with any UGV platform.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Michael S. Moore
A10-143      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:Automated Placement Optimization and Video Analysis for Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Video sensors provide a wealth of valuable information, including the location, motion, and appearance of military and civilian vehicles, people, and objects in an area of regard. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) provide a platform with characteristics suited for persistent surveillance, including the potential relatively long time on station, good sensor stability, and sensor relocatability. However, manual placement and monitoring of a large network of UGVs would require excessive manpower and data transmission resources. Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a suite of automated functions for optimally routing and placing a UGV to maximize sensor coverage of an area-of-interest, ensure communications, and conceal the sensor. In addition, we propose to develop and test automated video analysis methods for sensing anomalous activity and potentially hostile intent. In Phase I, this effort would consist of a data collection and four separate software development efforts that will extend existing Toyon geo-spatial analysis, 3-D model generation, automated routing, and video analysis capabilities to the UGV platform. The results will inform a feasibility assessment and recommended system design.

Signature Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 346
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3360
Phillip M. Janicki
A10-144      Awarded:10/29/2010
Title:Urban Time-to-Detect Simulator for Vehicle-Developers
Abstract:Future wars will see increased combat in urban areas. Characteristic of the urban environment is limited lines of sight for early detection and engagement of threats, placing a heavy reliance on non-line of sight detection methods, such as acoustic and seismic detection methods. A modular, expandable approach to developing an urban time-to-detect simulator for vehicle developers is proposed that includes simultaneous integrated multimodal domains including visual, acoustic, and seismic signatures. Building off of recent developments in high-resolution, three-dimensional virtual reality displays, combined with high-fidelity acoustics systems, we propose an innovative approach to the simulator. Starting with the definition of urban detection metric(s) and test methodologies, a structured design development process is proposed. A feasibility demonstration of the concept using commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS) components is proposed as part of the design concept development. The proposed design approach maximizes use of COTS hardware and software to minimize technical and schedule risk, and reduce costs and development times. While minimizing development of unique hardware and software components, COTS components may be modified to meet simulator requirements. The proposed approach also takes advantage of a modular design, allowing ready expandability from one to four or more test subjects.

Sound Answers Inc
4856 Alton Drive Suite 100
Troy, MI 48085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 275-5567
Gabriella Cerrato
A10-144      Awarded:10/26/2010
Title:Urban Time-to-Detect Simulator for Vehicle-Developers
Abstract:The proposed approach starts from an investigation of psychophysical stimuli relevant to the detection of a vehicle in an urban environment. Existing simulators will then be evaluated from the standpoint of their capability of high fidelity reproduction of real stimuli and on their ability to handle virtual stimuli (i.e. from virtual vehicles). Sound Answers will follow an iterative approach to the development of a multi-modal detectability metric, by first conducting experiments of vehicle detection based on one type of high quality cue (as an example, just visual or audio or vibration). Bi-modal detection experiments will then be conducted by using the (one or more) simulators that offer best signal quality for at least two stimuli. The results of both series of experiments will be analyzed to derive a detectability model based on one stimulus only, then a detectability model which accounts for the cross-coupling among two stimuli at a time. Finally, a hypothesis of a multi-modal metric model will be formulated along with a specification document for the simulator to be built in Phase 2.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4837
Paul Dionne
A10-145      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Efficient Computational Tool for Comprehensive Thermal Analysis of Military Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Including radiative heat transfer in full-vehicle thermal analysis simulations results in nonlinear equations with coefficient matrices that are dense, poorly conditioned, and difficult to solve. Further, calculating and storing view factorsŻneeded for surface-to-surface radiative fluxesŻis computationally prohibitive on fine grids. In the proposed SBIR project, CFDRC will develop, validate and demonstrate an efficient, high-fidelity computational tool for full-vehicle thermal analysis. The overall innovation (Phase I and II) consists of four main aspects: (1) Develop a robust, efficient and highly linear system solver by coupling a Krylov sub-space solver and algebraic multigrid (AMG) preconditioner (2) Investigate influence of linear system implicitness level on the CPU requirements, (3) Develop computationally efficient view-factor and ray tracing calculation algorithms, and (4) Implement a comprehensive thermal model including the radiation solver coupled with a thin shell conduction model. In Phase I, feasibility will be demonstrated by: (1) Determining the optimal combination of solver and preconditioner parameters, (2) Incorporating a thin shell conduction model in an existing radiation code, and (3) Demonstrating the thermal analysis model on a realistic vehicle geometry. In Phase II, we will develop efficient algorithms for view factor and infrared ray tracing calculations. The comprehensive thermal model will be incorporated into a code of interest to the Army, and applied to 3-D thermal analysis of a military ground vehicle.

ThermoAnalytics, Inc.
23440 Airpark Blvd P.O. Box 66
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-9560
Scott Peck
A10-145      Awarded:10/29/2010
Title:A Fast Algorithm For Thermal Analysis On A Dense Mesh
Abstract:The design of the thermal management system on military vehicles relies on simulation to analyze the interactions with the entire vehicle. It is critical analyze these systems with full vehicle models. These models employ CFD solvers to obtain the heat transfer coefficients needed as boundary conditions to a transient thermal solution, but these solvers operate on a dense mesh that is too large to do transient simulations of full vehicles. Thus a coupled transient thermal solution is performed on a much smaller mesh. It is desirable to use the high density CFD mesh for both solvers, but the large number and characteristics of the surface elements make them impractical for use with conventional thermal solvers. ThermoAnalytics is proposing to implement a new thermal solution algorithm in MuSES. The new algorithm will employ advanced simultaneous equation solvers that incorporate automatic mesh coarsening techniques, and will formulate the highly coupled radiation solution so it can be effectively parallelized, thus taking advantage of high-performance computing clusters or massively parallel general purpose graphics processing units. This new version of MuSES will produce transient thermal solutions on domains defined by a high density surface mesh in a time frame supporting modern vehicle design cycles.

ARMY - 216 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

---------- ARMY ----------

216 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
BHTechnology, LLC
400 Rella Blvd suite 110
Suffern, NY 10901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
Aron Kian
A10-033      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Non-Metallic/Metallic Debris Sensor
Abstract:A novel transducer is proposed for the measurement of oil debris for both metallic and non- metallic particles. The transducer is compact, lightweight, and easily cleaned. The sensor operates at 350F, counts the debris particles, estimates the total mass of the debris, and indicates the debris composition.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Naumov
A10-033      Awarded:10/20/2010
Title:In-Line Electro-Sieve Oil Debris Analyzer
Abstract:To address the Army need for nonmetallic/metallic oil debris monitoring sensors for use on rotorcraft transmissions and turboshaft engines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new in line Electro-Sieve Oil Debris Analyzer (ESODA). ESODA is based on an innovative sensor concept using dielectric properties to reliably identify the debris material. The three dimensional (3D) size measurements are precisely performed by a 3D electrical sieve with different mesh sizes. The novel use of an oil centrifuge inlet dramatically increases sensor sensitivity by directing debris into the sensor electrical field. As a result, ESODA offers reliable monitoring for both nonmetallic and metallic debris and supports improved aircraft safety and scheduling of oil samples based on indicated need versus time usage which are objectives for PEO Aviation. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ESODA prototype, accurately identifying material and measuring 3D sizes of specially prepared debris in a turbine engine oil sample. The Phase I prototype will be tested in an oil debris sensor flow test rig. In Phase II, POC plans to develop the full-scale device to demonstrate ESODA operation in a relevant environment, integrating with the aircraft’s Health and Usage Monitoring Systems to predict bearing health.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Adam Grisdale
A10-034      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Electroless Nickel-Boron Coating for Enhanced Engine Performance
Abstract:Current engines used in UAV’s are useful but they are lacking in efficiency and power. A significant amount of power and efficiency loss can be traced back to losses found in the combustion chamber/hot section of the engine. The best solution is one that does not require extensive fabrication to the existing combustion chamber. It is highly unlikely that a new material will provide the bulk and surface properties required without significantly compromising functionality or cost. Mainstream believes that a Nickel Boron (Ni-B) coating is the most practical solution, because it performs just as well or better than other coatings but it is not harmful to the environment. Mainstream has identified an existing technology that can improve wear resistance, durability, piston ring blow-by, and reduce friction for components when it is applied. Mainstream will demonstrate this enhancement for various engine components in Phase I. In Phase II, Mainstream will propose to operate the enhanced engine components in a full-scale prototype. Mainstream’s innovative technology will not only be useful for the performance of Army UAV’s but also for commercial engines, turbines, and other components that would benefit from reduced friction and wear.

Patrick Power Products, Inc
6679-C Santa Barbara Road
Elkridge, MD 21075
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 796-6100
Mike Griffith
A10-034      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Engine Innovative and Durable Sealing Techniques for Increased Power and Efficiency
Abstract:Technical Abstract Rotary engines, due to their inherently high power density, have become popular as Unmanned Arial Vehicle (UAV) propulsion systems. Their high specific power places abnormally high loads on critical components. The apex seal is universally recognized as critical to sealing the high combustion pressures and vulnerable to wear at high speeds. Patpower has 14 years of experience developing the heavy fuel variant of the rotary engine and is very aware of the severity of the apex seal operating conditions. The PatPower engines use “conventional” apex seals that are an industry standard but we are aware of the seal’s limitations and have conceived of a potential improvement. The opportunity to implement the improved apex seal has been inhibited by the scope of work required to validate its benefits. This proposal seeks funding to accomplish that work.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
A10-035      Awarded:10/18/2010
Title:Fatigue Resistant Martensitic Steel for Rotorcraft Drive Train Components
Abstract:Under this SBIR program, QuesTek proposes to develop novel thermo-mechanical processing techniques to enhance the bending and contact fatigue resistance of high strength secondary hardening matensitic steels such as Ferrium® C64 for rotorcraft drive train components. A systems-engineering approach will be followed to identify key microstructure attributes (e.g., nonmetallic inclusions) controlling the mean and minimum fatigue resistance of the aforementioned steels. From this analysis, QuesTek will optimize the thermomechanical processing of the alloy to reduce the fatigue potency of the microstructure features in service. As the leading alloy designer of advanced gear steels, QuesTek possesses in-depth knowledge of high strength martensitic steels and will leverage its in-house modeling schemes to devise and optimize the modified process route to achieve enhanced fatigue resistance without compromising on other critical properties such as fracture toughness and strength. In Phase I of this SBIR program, the goal will be to establish key property objectives and process parameters for the selected martensitic steels and demonstrate the feasibility of the novel thermo-mechanical processing technique to enhance fatigue resistance using coupon-scale bending fatigue tests on Ferrium® C64. The envisioned process will be complementary with other fatigue-enhancing processes such as peening.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Bradley Short
A10-036      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Miniature Flash LIDAR for Helicopter UAV Obstacle Field Navigation and Landing Site Selection in Complex Urban Environments
Abstract:Advanced Scientific Concept's (ASC) eye-safe 3D Flash LIDAR™ cameras provide a breakthrough in 6DOF computations for UAS control systems. This 3D array technology has allowed ASC to produce compact non-mechanical LIDAR cameras that collect full frame 3D point clouds in a single FLASH (Flash LIDAR). 3D Flash LIDAR Cameras (FLC) can output frames of 128x128 3D point clouds in real-time (20Hz) making them a robust solution for flight-critical obstacle field navigation systems. The three dimensional "framing camera" nature of Flash LIDAR systems, and the corresponding real-time data output of the surrounding terrain allows for detection of dynamic hazards making this unique camera ideal as a hazard avoidance, landing and navigation aid in cluttered urban environments. ASC Flash LIDAR cameras can provide direct, real-time altitude measurements for the aircraft during descent as well as provide surface relative velocity and orientation, while simultaneously mapping the topography of the terrain below. ASC’s cameras have no moving parts, are robust, light weight (<3 lbs), compact (4.5"x4.5"x4"), low power sensors.

TetraVue, Inc
663 S Rancho Santa Fe Rd #316
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 243-0700
Paul Banks
A10-036      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Miniature Flash LIDAR for Helicopter UAV Obstacle Field Navigation and Landing Site Selection in Complex Urban Environments
Abstract:There is a great need for the ability to quickly acquire 3D coordinate and image data in real- time for many applications. Current technologies such as 3D scanners or flash LADAR have limitations that have prevented cost-effective solutions, particularly for robotic and UAV applications where cost, size, and power draws are significant factors. As part of this SBIR Phase I, TetraVue will demonstrate a new high resolution camera technology that can achieve meter-class range resolution at distances up to 200 m and 10 cm-class range resolution at 30 m distance. This system will provide this performance over a 90 degree FOV with imagery and coordinate measurements, using a low cost, 640 x 512 sensor array. TetraVue’s technology provides a straightforward path to a high resolution, lightweight, low cost solution for use in 3D terrain mapping for autonomous rotorcraft.

Colorado Engineering Inc.
1310 United Heights Suite 105
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Lawrence Scally
A10-037      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Navigation Assist THz Imaging Radar (NATIR)
Abstract:Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI), with its teammates, University of Colorado and Boeing, proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, Electromagnetics (EM) modeling, antenna design, advanced processing architectures, and radar signal processing algorithms to research, identify, and architect a short range THz imaging radar for aircraft navigation. The “THz-gap” extends from the 100GHz Millimeter Wave (MMW) frequencies to the far infrared 10 THz frequency. This band of the EM spectrum is unique in that the absorption primarily due to water molecules is significant. For this reason, there has not been a lot of development of THz technologies beyond very short range: test / measurement equipment spectroscopy equipment and recently airport scanners. The team is architecting a Navigation Assist THz Imaging Radar (NATIR) for Army aircraft applications.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(123) 359-2325
Dennis Jones
A10-037      Awarded:10/20/2010
Title:Active Terahertz Imager for Covert Navigation Assist
Abstract:Mustang's Active Covert Terahertz Imager (ACTI) uses simple, low risk, antenna and transceiver hardware based on our Sub-millimeter Wave Imaging Fuze Technology (SWIFT) program. ACTI is specifically designed to generate and evaluate images in the terahertz frequency range and to establish the applicability of this technology in solving the brownout problem.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Richard Martin
A10-037      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Active Terahertz Imager for Covert Navigation Assist
Abstract:The global war on terror has dramatically changed the environment in which today's warfighter operates. Many of the locations in theater require moving troops and equipment into areas with unimproved landing zones. Loss of situational awareness in degraded visual environments is one of the largest threats to rotary wing aircraft operating in these areas. Phase Sensitive Innovations has built a passive millimeter wave distributed aperture imaging (DAI) system operating that can image at 10 fps without any moving parts. The frequency of operation (and resultant resolution) of this system is currently limited by the practical availability of low noise amplifiers. We propose building a real time active "see-through" imaging system operating above 100 GHz leveraging the distributed aperture with optical up-conversion approach used in previous imagers. This system would use a broad band antenna design coupled with multiple active sources to tune the dust penetration (and covertness) and resolution for the situation, as well as mitigate coherent effects such as speckle. The DAI advantages of thin, lightweight, and conformable would allow for easier integration onto the aircraft. Finally, the optical upconversion allows for video rate capture of the THz scene on a standard near IR camera.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8826
James Justice
A10-039      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Advanced Modular Payload for Small Unmanned Air Systems
Abstract:Enhancing the mission capabilities of sensors based on small UAS requires both the exploitation of advanced passive and active sensor technologies and the development of a new, modular system architecture paradigm. Characteristics of Irvine Sensors Corporation’s proposed modular sensor concept includes a choice of VNIR, SWIR, or thermal imaging combined with SWIR 3D LIDAR Imaging to enhance resolution, sensitivity, target classification and tracking capabilities, as well as improve system level performance to enhance geo-location, handover, and targeting. These capabilities are encompassed in an advanced payload design capable of deployment on a broad spectrum of small UAS.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Scott A. McNally
A10-039      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Effects Delivery (EffecDiv) Payloads for Small Unmanned Air Vehicles
Abstract:In recent years, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become a key component in the Army’s intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) infrastructure. Small, hand- launchable UAVs in particular are a key component as they allow individual units to gather critical information from safe operational distances. However, the limited size, weight, and power (SWaP) resources of small UAVs has led to a disparity in capabilities between them and the larger UAVs controlled at the Brigade or higher echelon. In order to bridge this capabilities gap, Toyon proposes to develop an EffectDiv (Effects Delivery) device. This modular, self-contained payload will extend small UAV capabilities beyond the current simple payloads by integrating video processing for target detection and tracking, automated routing algorithms to search, detect, and track targets, a Patent Pending GPS attitude (GPS/A) sensor for high accuracy geo-location, and H.264 for high definition (HD) video compression. These capabilities will enable the user to rapidly detect, geo-locate, and track targets of interest. They can then hand-off target information to the unit effects network to support collaborative target engagement and effects delivery. This will be implemented on a heterogeneous computing platform, employing a mixture of both FPGAs and processors, to minimize the system’s SWaP. The payload will implement standards-based interfaces and protocols to maximize inter-operability with existing systems and networks.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Timothy Strand
A10-040      Awarded:12/8/2010
Title:Ladar-Based Closed-Loop Fire Control System for Small-Diameter Weapons
Abstract:Aerius Photonics and our program partners propose to develop a closed-loop fire control system for small-diameter weapons that incorporates a flash ladar sensor into an existing ballistic-computing rifle sight sensor suite. The ladar sensor will use a burst of single ranging laser pulses to image the field of view and collect 3-D snapshots of the scene similar to a conventional camera and flash, hence the name FLASH ladar. The sensor-based ballistic computing rifle sight will provide an aimpoint for the initial shot based purely on ballistics calculations. The ladar system will then detect the trajectory of a fired projectile in order to calculate the miss distance and update the aimpoint for increased accuracy on subsequent shots. Aerius’ program team includes companies experienced with Ladar systems and ballistic-computing algorithms and fielded military weapon sights.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Charles Jacobus
A10-040      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Closed-Loop Fire Control (CLFC) for Small Caliber Weapons
Abstract:A good method for improving the survivability of soldiers on the ground is to help ensure that threats can be eliminated quickly before posing a significant threat. One way to accomplish this is to ensure that shots fired by soldiers hit targets quickly and efficiently. A soldier’s preference is to impact the target with the first shot. However, there is a complex set of factors that dictate where a bullet will impact and these cannot always be effectively predicted by the soldier. There is a need for a system that can track fired shots, identify the amount of error in the shot (that is the distance between the bullet and the target), calculate a new aim point, and display this aim point for the soldier. Cybernet proposes to leverage our extensive experience with the development and application of LADAR systems, electronic sensor development, sensor data processing, and visualization displays to develop a LADAR based system that can serve as a closed-loop fire control (CLFC) system for small caliber weapons.

Aspen Systems, Inc.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Somesh k Mukherjee
A10-041      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Novel Multifunctional Lightweight Nanocomposites
Abstract:Nanocomposites, the integration of nanomaterials into metals, polymers and ceramics, are an area of intense interest to the Army for the design of next generation lightweight structures with enhanced properties and multifunctional capabilities. Aspen Systems Inc. proposes to develop a new class of lightweight, ultrahigh strength and ductile nanograin aluminum alloy-CNT hybrid composite with radio frequency electromagnetic interference (RF/EMI) shielding in bulk form suitable for Army’s future lightweight, multifunctional structural material design program. The hybrid composite will be suitably designed to include amorphous/nanophase matrix with coherent nanophase dispersion particles embedded in the matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNT) reinforcement in order to attain the high strength, desired ductility and added functionality such as RF/EMI shielding. In Phase I, Aspen systems will utilize a special gas atomization technique to produce a grain size of 20- 45 nm range of the selected alloy systems followed by a novel low temperature consolidation technique to produce amorphous/nanograin based composite material structure consisting of nanophase/amorphous Al matrix with suitably chosen coherent dispersion particles and CNT reinforcement. Suitable optimization of the process parameters for nanophase powder production and rapid consolidation will be identified and extensive mechanical testing and analysis will be conducted to establish structure-property relationship of the material. During Phase II program, we will scale-up this process to develop and demonstrate this successful cost effective technology for mass production with proven optimized process parameters based on Phase I data to produce a prototype large nano-Al alloy-CNT composite sheet and billet with superior properties

EIC Laboratories, Inc.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Stuart F. Cogan
A10-041      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Nano-reinforced Low Density Structural Composites
Abstract:The development of a nano-reinforced metal matrix composite as a low-density, high- strength, replacement for existing metal alloys and composites used in lightweight structures, vehicles, and advanced weapons systems is proposed. The composites are expected to have exceptional mechanical properties that derive from the use of a nano- structured reinforcing phase. In Phase I, aluminum matrix composites will be fabricated and tested as part of a proof-of-concept demonstration. The physical properties expected for the aluminum matrix composites are the following: tensile strength 700 MPa (~100 ksi); elongation to failure >5%; compressive strength 1100 MPa (~160 ksi); density 1.5-2 g/cm3 (~90-125 lb/ft3). These mechanical properties will be achieved through innovations in nano- materials design and fabrication methods that promote high tensile and compressive mechanical strength and stiffness in composites with exceptionally low density. The Phase I program is a collaborative effort between EIC Laboratories and a company with appropriate composite manufacturing capabilities. In Phase II, the fabrication technology would be scaled-up using a near-net-shape process to produce components for Army applications. An extensive characterization and optimization of the composite structure-property relations and evaluation of toughness, corrosion resistance, and shielding properties would also be conducted.

ARES, Inc.
818 Front Street Lake Erie Business Park
Port Clinton, OH 43452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 635-2175
Drew Kertis
A10-042      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Cross-compatible cartridge case for orthodox or rarefaction wave gun firing
Abstract:RAVEN technology weapons vent a significant portion of the propellant gases rearward. Therefore the ammunition must allow the gun gases to leave the chamber at the proper time. This is in complete contrast to conventional weapons where the ammunition provides the breech seal during the entire ballistic cycle. As such, the technologies are incompatible and separate supply logistics must be maintained. The cartridge case concepts work together with the RAVEN weapon to control vent timing which is the most important aspect of RAVEN technology. Further, the cartridge case will be compatible with existing weapons based on conventional ammunition design. As such, the new cartridge case will be used in both venting RAVEN weapons and conventional non-venting weapons.

Veritay Technology, Inc.
4845 Millersport Highway P.O. Box 305
East Amherst, NY 14051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 689-0177
Todd Cloutier
A10-042      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Cross-compatible cartridge case for orthodox or rarefaction wave gun firing
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, Veritay will research, design, develop and demonstrate a cartridge case that enables blowback venting when the cartridge is fired in a rarefaction wave gun (RAVEN), and will function normally when fired in a conventional closed-breech gun. To accomplish this goal, a case design that allows the chamber to vent through the breech will be developed. Also, though not a primary objective, some design effort must be devoted to defining a simple gun mechanism that allows the breech to vent in a manner that is compatible with this case design. During this program, we will design the cartridge case for an objective and a subscale round. The objective round is for a full caliber cannon, assumed to be 105mm at this time. The subscale round will be utilized in a test fixture in Veritay’s experimental test facility. We will perform FEA analyses on each cartridge case design. In addition, we will design the subscale test fixture to be utilized in Phase II for testing and development. We will fabricate and assemble the test fixture during the Phase I Option.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A10-043      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Innovative Polarized Navigation Reference
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of an innovative method of providing adaptive polarized RF reference sources for establishing a battlefield position and orientation referencing system over the battlefield. Such referencing sources are intended to be used onboard weapons platforms, UAVs, handheld devices and the like. The referencing system can then be used by polarized RF sensors onboard guided munitions, ground and airborne platforms, and on the soldier to measure their position and orientation relative to the established referencing coordinate system. The proposed concept is easy to deploy and provides a reliable and secure reference source as an alternative to GPS, lasers, magnetometer and inertia technologies for the next generation of smart munitions and weapon platforms. The proposed innovative polarized RF referencing sources are capable of scanning through almost any specified scanning range and scanning pattern and frequencies. The proposed method provides polarized RF reference sources with the capability of significantly increasing the precision of the polarized RF based angular orientation and position sensors. With the proposed polarized RF reference sources, scanning patterns can be selected using well established techniques to increase precision and reduce the probability of detection and effective jamming.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Kenan O. Ezal
A10-043      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Polarization-Sensitive Navigation Reference System
Abstract:Military and civilian platforms increasingly rely on the Global Positioning System (GPS) system for not only navigation and position, but also communication and time. The susceptibility of GPS to sources of intentional and unintentional interference increases the vulnerability of such platforms. The focus of this effort is to develop a polarization-sensitive reference navigation system that can be used when GPS is denied, or enhance GPS when it is available. Moreover, the electronics developed during this program will have a dual use as a GPS receiver (when available) thereby minimizing hardware requirements. The GPS- denied position and attitude performance of the system will be comparable to the performance when GPS is available. The navigation system will comprise one or more transceiver reference stations and mobile receivers. Mobile receivers will navigate relative to the reference stations, which may be stationary or moving. The navigation system will take advantage of signal polarization to improve the platform position and attitude performance, and will enable full 3-D navigation in position, orientation and time with just two reference stations. Select missions will only require one reference station. The proposed navigation system will not require calibration and will be easy to deploy.

CarboMet LLC
18 Erskine Drive
Morristown, NJ 07960
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 549-2013
Shiunchin Chris Wang
A10-044      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Novel Nitrogen-doped Boron Nanotubes/Nanofibers
Abstract:In this Phase I effort a scaled up synthesis of nitrogen-doped boron nanotubes (BNTs) and boron nanofibers (BNFs) will be developed which will be optimized by a design-of- experiment approach during Phase II. Characterization of the BNTs/BNFs by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy together with electron energy loss spectroscopy to determine the tube/fiber diameters, chemical structure and composition will be conducted and a characterization protocol developed. The heat of sublimation of the BNTs/BNFs will be determined by thermal techniques. Initial formulation preparation and propellant testing will be conducted at US Army facilities followed by measurements on gun barrel samples to detect and determine the thickness and friction properties of the boron and boron nitride coatings formed. Thicknesses will be measured by Rutherford Backscattering and friction will be determined by atomic force microscopy.

PH Matter, LLC
1275 Kinnear Rd.
Columbus, OH 43212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 657-4683
Paul H. Matter
A10-044      Awarded:12/28/2010
Title:Innovative Nitrogen-doped Boron Nanotubes/Nanofibers Propellants
Abstract:Currently, there is no scalable method for the production of BN nano-tubes with a controlled diameter. In this project, PH Matter, LLC will partner with Dr. Sheldon Shore from the Ohio State University to develop a commercially viable and scalable process for the selective production of BN nano-tubes. Dr. Shore is an expert in the area of boron and boron nitride chemistry, with over 60 years of experience in the field. The process to be demonstrated by the team will be based on previously developed catalytic techniques for synthesis of carbon and doped-carbon nano-tubes, but will utilize a novel boron and nitrogen precursor with ideal properties for the proposed approach. Additionally, the team will compare this CVD-based approach to a previously developed approach for direct BN nano-tube synthesis developed by the Shore group.

Aria Microwave Systems, Inc.
731 Carroll Place
Teaneck, NJ 07666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 836-6552
Bernard R. Cheo
A10-045      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Development of a Novel Efficient Solid State Compact RF/microwave DEW System
Abstract:Aria Microwave System Inc. (AMS) will develop a lightweight, compact, scalable DEW system with 60% - 90% DC-to-RF efficiency. Examples of an S-Band concept system show that lethality levels > 1 W/cm ^2 at 100 meters can be attained with DC power in 10’s of kW, 10% duty cycle. The system uses AMS’s proprietary solid state, compact, lightweight, high efficiency, high power, active cavity amplifier (ACA), in conjunction with a 1m x 1m antenna array. The small size and lightweight of the ACA permit each array element to be individually driven by an amplifier, with its amplitude and phase controlled at its preamplifier. Rapid electronic scan, multiple beam, target locking, and beam shaping etc. are attainable for a myriad of operational requirements. Basic principles of the ACA-array approach can be applied from low UHF to high microwave frequencies. Main effort of Phase I will be to develop a conceptual design of a full power S-Band demonstration system, to be constructed during Phase II. Phase I activities will also involve interactions with other defense contractors as potential collaborators

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Ben Thien
A10-045      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Z-Wave Directed Energy for Neutralizing IEDs
Abstract:We have proposed the development of a novel, low frequency, directed energy concept for neutralizing IEDs at a safe distance in front of moving vehicles. The concept is based on launching an "Energetic RF Zenneck-mode Surface Waves" (Z-waves), which unlike conventional RF free field propagation, its intensity falls off at a 1/r rate, and is capable of penetrating ground and shielded enclosures. The Z-wave generator promises to be a robust piece of equipment capable of long term continuous operation in rough terrain. In addition to direct neutralization of IEDs, Z-waves can potentially disrupt nearby communication devices used to trigger IEDs.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2727
Chris St. Clair
A10-047      Awarded:2/28/2011
Title:Recoilless Launcher Propulsion System (RLPS)
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop the Recoilless Launcher Propulsion System (RLPS), a means of propelling a warhead from a shoulder-mounted recoilless launcher which will greatly reduce the risks posed to the operator by the back blast from such launchers, including over-pressure, high sound levels, and burns. These risks are of particular concern when the launcher is fired from within an enclosed space such as a room or alleyway. ORBITEC’s proposed RLPS will use a unique propellant formulation to mitigate back blast, over-pressurization, and sound waves. Conservation of momentum will be maintained as the reaction products from the propellant are ejected out the back end of the launcher at high velocity. In the Phase I project, we will model both the propellant reaction and the launcher dynamics, and we will build and test a subscale launch apparatus to experimentally evaluate the candidate propellant formulations.

Southwest Services LLC
P.O. Box 1868
La Mirada, CA 90637
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 697-8576
John Sigler
A10-047      Awarded:6/2/2011
Title:Propulsion System for Confined Space Projectile Launchers
Abstract:Southwest Services LLC Confined Space Projectile Launcher is a derivative of a conventional shoulder fired recoilless launcher incorporating improvements to dampening the energy and overpressure within the exhaust gases. Our CSPL will increase the muzzle energy of the launcher which will have a corresponding increase in the exhaust gas energy, but by using our innovative approach to dampening the exhaust gases our system will have a net decrease in the back-blast overpressure to produce an operator safe environment for confined space launches. Our Phase I effort will include a basic launcher design defining all key system parameters, a detail computational model of the system to analytically verify our system’s compliance with the SBIR’s noise limit requirement, and test firings simulating the rearward ejection of the launcher’s exhaust gases to evaluate fundamental characteristics of our unique exhaust gas dampening feature to verify its functionality.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Bryce Williams
A10-048      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Multiple Engagement Autonomous Neutralizer (MEAN) System
Abstract:Accurate Automation will design and build a Multiple Engagement Autonomous Neutralizer (MEAN) System that will allow an EOD team to quickly and safely engage multiple IEDs from a safe area. This design exceeds capabilities of any current system because it will allow the technician to preload the system with at least 8 shots, attach it to a robot, drive the robot down range where the device can be identified, select the appropriate PAN shot to neutralize the threat, and then select another shot to reengage or engage another device all while the technician remains in the safe area. The proposed system will also employ 2 or more water shots without user intervention qualifying the system as semi-automatic and allowing fully autonomous operation from a safe area. The proposed system will function in a fielded environment with simple cleaning access to ensure lasting performance and ease of maintenance in sand and immersive environments. Accurate Automation has a lengthy autonomous system development and commercialization track record. Accurate Automation will leverage its knowledge and capabilities to produce a very robust and competent system that can easily and effectively be used by military EOD teams and civil /federal bomb squads.

SAVIT Corporation
400 Commons Way
Rockaway, NJ 07866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 602-3822
Kenneth Jones
A10-048      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Multi-shot EOD Disrupter for Robotic Applications
Abstract:The Intelligence Community and recent trend analysis suggests that future terrorism will expand the use of IED, VBIED’s and Person Borne Suicide Vests. Current Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) technology uses Single Shot Disruptors for disarming these threats whenever possible. Recent development has mounted these Disruptors onto the Man Transportable Robot System (MTRS). These Disruptors are Single Shot, and tax the weight limit of the MTRS. The Joint Service EOD community has identified the need for a multi-shot Disruptor that is light weight and can be mounted on the MTRS. This Engineering Analysis will address the technical challenges of meeting this need for an EOD Multi-Shot (up to 4 rds.) Disruptor that is light enough to be mounted on the MTRS. In addition, recoil mitigation will be evaluated to ensure no physical damage to the MTRS occurs during repeated firings.

Vadum
601 Hutton St Suite 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 668-7120
Jesse Shaver
A10-048      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Multi-shot EOD Disrupter for Robotic Applications
Abstract:A solicitation has requested a feasibility study on the topic of enhanced capabilities for the SD-IED disrupter tool, used for neutralization of IED’s and other explosive devices. Specifically, the solicitation requests investigation of designs for electrically-initiated semiautomatic disrupter devices with greatly-reduced recoil transfer for EOD robotic platforms. The new design must maintain compatibility with standard SD-IED ammunition, performing mechanical ignition of the percussive primer with a high-reliability safety system. Finally, the design must be lightweight.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
A10-049      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Reactive Materials with Reduced Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity
Abstract:Advanced reactive materials (RM) with reduced electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity are needed by the Army. Nanoscale thermite compositions are of particular interest because of the fast reaction rates and high flame temperatures generated during reaction. Unfortunately, in many cases, the materials are so reactive that they are impractical to work with. One route to improving ESD insensitivity is to embed the nanoparticles in a polymeric matrix, which insulates the particles from accidental discharge. However, significant challenges exist with traditional polymeric nanocomposite processing, including achieving monodisperse, non-agglomerated particle suspensions. These challenges only increase with larger batch sizes, making production scale-up another significant challenge. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to develop polymeric nanothermite composites using a novel, patented process called nanoinfusion. Nanoinfusion processing technology allows for in-situ formation of nanoparticles in a polymer matrix, producing polymer nanocomposites with monodisperse nanoparticle content. Nanoinfusion is not a liquid dispersion process, and there is no handling of loose nanoparticles. There is no route for particle agglomeration in this process, eliminating the most significant processing challenge associated with nanoparticle synthesis and mixing. Nanoinfusion is scaleable to meet large scale production needs, while safely and consistently achieving excellent nanoparticle dispersion and size uniformity.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 757-5441
David Irvin
A10-049      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Intrinsically Conductive Polymer Coatings for Reduced ESD Sensitivity
Abstract:Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) proposes to reduce the electrostatic sensitivity of nanothermites by modifying the surface with a thin, conformal coating of inherently conductive polymer. Nanothermites or metastable intermolecular composites (MICs) are desired in military weapons systems because the energy output is twice that of traditional explosives, and they can be formulated for a range of energy densities from 10kW/cc to 10GW/cc and detonation velocities from 1- 1500 m/s. Many of these materials have promise as low toxicity high energy materials but have one major barrier to wide scale introduction into future weapons systems: electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity, which makes them far too unstable to be safely handled by the warfighter. If these materials and their composites could pass 250 mJ ESD testing, they would be usable in a variety of higher energy kinetic energy weapons, thermobaric warheads, and shape charges. In these applications, MICs would not only be used as the explosive but also be incorporated into the case materials as a polymer-based structural nanocomposite, thus increasing the total yield of the device.

Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
James H. White
A10-050      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Development of a Nanothermite-Based Propellant Initiator for Army Munitions
Abstract:This proposed SBIR Phase I program addresses the development of a nanothermite-based initiator (primer) for use in Army munitions. This technology will enable a propellant initiator producing high maximum pressure, long pressure duration, and insensitivity to electrostatic discharge (ESD). Initiators for solid propellants which are based on nanothermites offer significant advantages for munitions, including increased burn rate, optimal pressure wave speed, and high maximum pressure of long duration. The proposed Phase I will investigate this application, using selected nanothermites prepared by simple, inexpensive, scalable procedures: in particular, nanometer-scale metal/metal oxide systems will be prepared by solution and mechanochemical methods. Combination of these with selected nitro-polymers will ensure gas generating capacity and other features essential for initiators. Phase I research will consist of identifying suitable nanothermites and an approach for comprising them, physical and chemical characterization of materials, incorporation into initiators, and laboratory testing of the initiators. Ignition delay time, burn rate, maximum pressure, and duration of maximum pressure will be measured. These are features of primer systems that Eltron intends to improve with the proposed technology. Phase II would consist of the optimization of nanothermite materials, scale-up of synthesis of nanothermites and primer formulation, and the testing of primers.

Innovative Materials and Processes, LLC
8420 Blackbird Ct.
Rapid City, SD 57702
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(605) 484-3434
Zac Doorenbos
A10-050      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Development and Scale-Up of Nanothermite Composites for Propellant Ignition
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project proposes development of a technologically feasible batch process for making nitrocellulose-nanothermite composites in a granular form for the ignition of propellants. The R&D will focus on the determination of burn rates, dynamic pressure profiles and ESD sensitivities of selected Al/CuO/Fe2O3 and Al/Fe2O3/Bi2O3 energetic nanocomposites based on spherical and flake nanoaluminum to meet ignition and burning characteristics of initiating materials, such as Benite. It is proposed to investigate JA2 propellant initiation using developed nitrocellulose-nanothermite composite materials at - 65F, 70F and 160F. The results generated in Phase I are essential for the equipment design and scale-up of a production process for making initiating materials for a particular application in propellant based systems.

Frontier Performance Polymers Corporation
3328 Belt Road
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Jerry Chung
A10-051      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Novel Combustible Small Arms Ammunitions
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I proposal is to develop novel lightweight combustible small arms ammunitions to replace brass cased ammunitions with improved burning efficiency and mechanical properties, alleviated weight and superior ballistic performance. In order to deliver a cost-effective and highly performed combustible cartridge that meets all the requirements and is suitable for mass production, Frontier has developed novel combustible materials, coating formulation, cartridge design, and processing techniques. During the Phase I effort, Frontier will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed concepts, identify and address the present technical hurdles, perform proof-of-principle validation as well as address the performance-cost issues. By the end of Phase I, the combustible materials, cartridge designs and fabrication process will be studied and optimized, which will provide a solid foundation for Phase II to conduct extensive performance validations for the proposed novel lightweight combustible cartridge technology for small arms ammunitions. The success of the proposed technology will lead to develop novel lightweight combustible small arms ammunitions with superior ballistic accuracy, significantly improved structural strength and substantially reduced weight as compared with legacy brass cased ammunitions. Moreover, this novel combustible cartridge will be designed to maintain its performance throughout the environmental shock and lifespan.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4506
Ben Beck
A10-051      Awarded:4/5/2011
Title:Combustible Cartridge Casing
Abstract:Advanced weapon systems will allow America’s soldiers to maintain their overwhelming combat edge into 21st century, however, they represent a significant logistical burden that may reduce warfighter mobility. It is therefore necessary to reduce the weight of the soldier’s standard equipment and one of the heaviest load pieces is their ammunition. Brass metal comprises up to 50% of the weight of each cartridge and these metal casings are simply ejected as waste upon firing. Combustible cartridge case technology is successfully used in large caliber ammunition systems to eliminate the logistical burden of disposing of unconsumed packaging after firing. They bring additional advantages such as reduction in barrel wear, enhanced firing energy, increased firing rate and reduction in charge costs. The technical hurdles of transferring combustible case technology to small arms include the combustible resin inherently lacking mechanical strength, high porosity, vulnerability to penetration of water and water vapor, and problems related to materials used for fabrication, and incomplete combustion. Luna Innovations, via a multidisciplinary approach, will design a 100% combustible, energetic polymer material that can be readily processed into cartridge cases with excellent mechanical stability, and, in collaboration with ATK, predict its ballistic properties and feasibility for standard operating conditions

Hstar Technologies
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
A10-052      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:A High-strength Dexterous Bimanual Mobile Manipulator (HD-Man) System for EOD Robotic Operations
Abstract:Hstar proposes an advanced high-strength dexterous bi-manual mobile manipulator (HD- Man) system for EOD robotic platforms to investigate and interrogate Unexploded Ordnances (UXOs) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). The proposed HD-Man will be designed and developed by integrating lightweight high power density actuators, series elastic actuator for force sensing and compliant manipulator, and hydraulic transmission for enhancing the capabilities of EOD robot. This system will; 1) have high mechanical efficiency and high power-to-weight ratio, 2) support ergonomic and synchronous mobile manipulation control in telepresence operation, (3) provide sufficient control bandwidth, range of motion, force control accuracy, and ease of use by natural means, 4) be compact, light-weight and suitable for system integration, and 5) provide sufficient capability to lift heavy loads and a high gripper capacity. Our primary innovation includes a bi-manual dexterous robotic manipulation that is desirable to enhance gripping and lifting capabilities and efficiency for EOD operations. We will leverage the dexterous manipulation and heavy lifting technologies available at Hstar. The state of art HD-Man will be a high strength compact actuation based dexterous bi-manual manipulator for advanced gripping and heavy lifting. It will also incorporate the JAUS protocols for integration with networked command and control systems

RE2, Inc.
4925 Harrison Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Jorgen Pedersen
A10-052      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Highly Dexterous Manipulation System (HDMS)
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to integrate RE2’s innovative dexterous and heavy-lift manipulation technologies with novel materials and leading-edge actuation technology to provide a Highly Dexterous Manipulation System (HDMS) with 1) the strength to lift a 120- pound 155mm shell, 2) the agility to perform delicate maneuvers such as removing a blasting cap from C4, 3) a form factor and total weight to allow HDMS to be employed on small robots, and 4) a low-cost solution to the military and other small robot users. The overall objective of HDMS is to provide a manipulation system for the next generation of small Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) with the equivalent capability and reach of a 95% percentile military male. The direct benefit to the warfighter is significantly increased performance and capability over currently fielded manipulators for both teleoperated and semi-autonomous use on small UGVs. These manipulation improvements directly correlate to a reduction in time-on-target and overall mission time, resulting in increased safety of all mission personnel.

Graphene Devices Ltd.
138 CHAPEL WOODS
WILLIAMSVILLE, NY 14221
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 560-1507
Robert Anstey, Esq.
A10-053      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Novel Graphene Mg Nanocomposite for High Strength and Lightweight Structural Applications
Abstract:Mg alloys such as AZ31 are attractive for military armor applications, because of their strength to weight ratio, and ease of machining. Research has shown that reduction of grain sizes below 100 nm can result in an increase in material performance, and strength. However Mg nano-particles can be dangerous to process, as a result of their pyrophoric nature, and very sensitive to corrosion and oxidation. By using a unique synthesis technique, GDL will combine graphene nano-particles with Mg nano-particles in a chemical solution phase method. This method will strengthen the resulting nanocomposite and increase corrosion resistance of the nano-Mg. This novel nanocomposite will have the advantages of being lighter than aluminum alloys, while having as high or higher strength, without the normal vulnerabilities and dangers of Mg processing. It will also lower the cost of production using Spark Plasma Sintering to produce near net shapes directly from powder. As a result particle sizes can be reduced and keep below 100 nm in diameter, and tensile strength should be increased well over 300 MPa g-1 cm3 while also increasing ductility.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2513
Adam Goff
A10-053      Awarded:2/4/2011
Title:High-Strength Mechanically Alloyed Magnesium Nanocomposites
Abstract:The military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past decade have resulted in a heavier U.S. Army. Soldiers are carrying more body armor, more batteries for field equipment, and more combat gear than ever before. Ground vehicles including HMMWVs, MRAPs, and Strykers all require multiple heavy armor solutions to mitigate ballistic and IED blast threats. Even rotorcraft including the Apache and Black Hawk helicopters aren’t immune to weight increases associated with ballistic armor requirements. Our continued military superiority and operational versatility will only be possible if warfighter air and ground vehicle system mass is significantly reduced. In order to help maintain the U.S. Army’s continued superiority and versatility and enable it in the future, Luna Innovations, in partnership with the Applied Research Lab at Penn State, are developing high strength, CNT-reinforced, mechanically alloyed magnesium nanocomposites using methods that are scaleable and transitionable into production practice. A mechanical alloying approach will be used coupled with spark plasma sintering technology to develop nano-crystalline CNT- reinforced Mg metal matrix composites that offer tensile yield strengths greater than 600 MPa coupled with room temperature failure strain of 5% or greater.

MATSYS, Inc.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
A10-053      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:Novel Nanostructured Magnesium Composites for Lightweight, Structural Applications
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop novel compositions and processing techniques to produce lightweight, high-strength, nanostructured, Mg-based composites for structural and light armor applications. This effort will combine new approaches in composite material design with our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) to develop a new generation of cost-efficient, low density and high strength composite materials. In the proposed concept we will use mechanical alloying (MA) to strengthen Mg and Mg alloys by dispersing fibers, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), or hard particles, such as boron carbide and graphene, and achieving a nano-grained composite powder. The composite powder will then be consolidated to full density using instrumented-HIP to minimize the exposure of the powder to high temperature and preserve the microstructure of the starting powder. During this program, we will demonstrate the use of MA and instrumented-HIP to achieve the desired nanostructure in a fully dense composite and quantify the dependence of the mechanical properties on the amount of reinforcement. MATSYS will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabrication, from different composite powders, fully dense, low density and high strength nanostructured composites that will enhance the performance of lightweight, structural materials and armor applications.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
A10-054      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Optical Techniques for Hemispherical Situational Awareness
Abstract:OKSI proposes to investigate three different techniques to produce hemispherical situational awareness: (i) an all-optical system, (ii) a miniature, multi-camera system, and (iii) and a hybrid optical/camera system. We will compare each technique in Phase-I using laboratory prototypes assembled from off-the-shelf components. We will use the data collected to establish clear trades allowing us to recommend the optimal system for full prototype development in Phase-II.

Holochip Corporation
4940 W. 147th Street
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 906-1064
Robert Batchko
A10-055      Awarded:12/28/2010
Title:A Large Field-of-View and High-Resolution Camera in a Small Form Factor
Abstract:Small lightweight cameras having high resolution are indispensible in a plethora of applications in military, homeland defense, commercial, medical and numerous other fields. Many of these applications would benefit from cameras enabled with a large field-of-view (FOV) while maintaining the camera's small footprint and high resolution. An imaging system with these characteristics may be applied to a soldier’s handheld camera, or mounted on a small robotic vehicle used for the detection and classification of unexploded ordinance (UXO). Current imaging technology either sacrifices resolution for a greater FOV or cannot maintain high resolution over the entirety of the FOV. Recent advancements including transformation optics, metamaterial-enabled gradient-index and Luneburg lenses, curved focal plane image sensors and adaptive optics have paved the way for the development of a novel camera design. Holochip will leverage these recent technical advancements to develop a high-resolution large-field-of-view camera with a small form factor and advance the state of the art of panoramic imaging.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Edward DeHoog
A10-055      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Miniature Multiple Aperture Camera
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a small form-factor camera that can provide a high- resolution image over a wide field of view (FOV), resulting in higher detection and classification of unexploded ordnance, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Miniature Multiple Aperture Camera (MiniMAC). This proposed MiniMAC is based on novel hybrid lens concepts that have high precision optics and unique compound- eye design, which provide high resolution and wide FOV. The innovation in high-precision diffractive and highly aspheric plastic optics and compound eyes, based on focal plane array (FPA) tiling and reorientation, will enable the MiniMAC to widen the FOV to a 180 x 90 deg. high-resolution (submicron), small form-factor camera. Thus, POC’s MiniMAC offers a small form factor, high-resolution, low-power wide FOV camera that directly addresses the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MiniMAC by optical and numerical simulation, component selection, and prototype implementation. Trade-offs will be established for finding best combination of FOV, resolution, and sensitivity while keeping size, weight and power (SWaP) requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop the system designed in Phase I, and to deliver the fabricated MiniMAC system to the Army.

Crossfield Technology LLC
9390 Research Blvd Suite I200
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Dennis Ferguson
A10-056      Awarded:12/30/2010
Title:Affordable GPS-independent Precision Munitions
Abstract:Crossfield, together with Omnitek Partners, will investigate and develop GPS Independent Precision Munition guidance architecture that has comparable accuracy to GPS and is inherently hard to jamming and interference. The baseline architecture will employ a novel orientation sensor that provides both orientation and can provide position location. The sensor will operate in the 60 GHz oxygen absorption frequency band, which offers significant advantages in terms of robustness to jamming and interference as well as providing covertness (low probability of intercept or LPI). Crossfield and Omnitek propose a six month effort with Option. The Phase I program will include investigation into precision guidance and control concepts using the orientation sensor as a baseline. In addition, the current off-the-shelf orientation sensors will be integrated with off the shelf inertial sensor and used to validate control and sensing concepts under real hardware constraints that cannot be easily simulated without the use of tools or test beds ordinarily beyond the scope of an SBIR program. In this way, the overall risk to the Army of a Phase II program are significantly mitigated.

Kord Technologies, Inc.
701 Pratt Avenue
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 617-0957
Craig Farlow
A10-058      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Development of a Two Color Polarimetric Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) Camera System
Abstract:The Army has identified the need to enhance existing reconnaissance and surveillance platforms by utilizing emerging sensor technologies to support both domestic and national security operations. Situational awareness imagery has become a vital tool for locating, identifying and helping to neutralize threats. However, recent US military experience in IRAQ as well as illegal entry into the US across national borders, vividly demonstrates the need for improvements in this type of imagery. Furthermore, the urgency of these threats demands quick, cost effective solutions that can be easily integrated into existing systems without loss of current functionality. One very promising enhancement is polarimetric imagery. Additional information, not available in visible and infrared imagery, is gained by producing a polarimetric image of a scene. An even greater potential exists when combining polarization imagery from two different wavebands. Kord Technologies and Digital Fusion plan to study the feasibility of developing a compact ruggedized two color polarimetric sensor. The proposed solution involves leveraging a dual band (MWIR/LWIR) infrared sensor developed and already fielded by a prime DoD contractor. The primary design effort will center on bonding (or fabricating) a micro-polarizer array (MPA) to the infrared focal plane array (FPA).

Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc.
200 Westside Square Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
J. Larry Pezzaniti
A10-058      Awarded:11/20/2010
Title:Development of a Two Color Polarimetric Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) Camera System
Abstract:MWIR and LWIR polarization imaging holds promise for providing significant improvements in contrast in a number of target detection and discrimination applications. In several recent development efforts, it has been demonstrated that manmade objects have a significantly stronger polarization signal than natural backgrounds resulting in good contrast that complements the conventionally imaged infrared signature. Significant data has been collected in the MWIR and LWIR portions of the spectra and each waveband has merits and drawbacks over the other waveband. Furthermore other enhancements are expected when the wavebands are collected simultaneously. Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc proposes in a phase I effort to design a MWIR/LWIR dual waveband imaging polarimeter. The system will collect spatially and temporally coherent images of polarization in both bands. In a single frame period, the system will collect four images: two polarized MWIR images and two polarized LWIR images. The frames will be used to compute either s1 or s2 in both wavebands. A continuously rotating achromatic half wave retarder will be used to switch between s1 and s2. The system will be design utilizes COTS optical components, polarization optics and FPAs.

Enig Associates, Inc.
4600 East West Hwy Suite 500
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 680-8600
Y.B. Kim
A10-059      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Electromagnetic Explosive Warhead (EMEW) for Scalable Lethal and Nonlethal Effects
Abstract:Enig Associates, Inc., a woman-owned, small business providing advanced modeling and simulation capabilities to the DoD and DoE, is proposing an innovative and novel electrical approach, using explosive-driven flux compression generators (FCG) to convert explosive chemical energy to electromagnetic energy with very high current output and superb energy conversion efficiency and then enhance explosive load to augment reaction zone pressure and detonation speed with electromagnetic energy. Electrical conditioning can also be applied to munition casing to control fragmentation and blast pattern and directionality. The proposed program will use Lockheed Martin Missiles & Fire Control (LMMFC) as our Phase I/II subcontractor and is complementary to our DARPA MAHEM Phase 3 program. Both theoretical and computational tools will be utilized in designing an integrated munition with augmented explosion, selectable fragmentation, and controlled blast to provide scalable and adaptive lethal effects against targets.

Engineered Performance Materials Company, LLC
11228 Lemen Road Suite A
Whitmore Lake, MI 48189
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 786-3454
Vladimir Segal
A10-060      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Fabrication of High-Strength, Lightweight Metals for Armor and Structural Applications
Abstract:The project will develop a new processing technology of equal-channel angular extrusion (ECAE) providing semi-continuous multipass ECAE without necessity for billet cleaning, reshaping and preheating between passes. This approach turns ECAE into an effective operation that can be applied at large metallurgical scale and to massive production. Followed rolling, low-cost bulk products such as plates and sheets with ultra-fine grained and nano structures having superior properties are fabricated for different applications. Particular applications are high strength aluminum alloy armor plates and rolled products for precision forging, panel forming, superplastic forming and deep drawing in defence, aerospace, automotive and others industries.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
A10-060      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Accumulative Roll Bonding of Ultrahigh Strength Light Alloys
Abstract:The proposed Phase I SBIR project will conduct exploratory development of scalable manufacturing processes for producing high strength lightweight metals. This Phase I SBIR program will extend work and significant prior investment that Powdermet has carried out in the nanocomposite and syntactic composite aluminum system, and in this program we will utilize recent developments in nanocrystalline magnesium alloys, along with large scale mill equipment purchased and installed by Powdermet to produce 12” X 12” plates using a series of processing schemes. The base approach to be taken in this Phase I program will be to try and validate the exploratory work done on milled, Mg-2Y-1Zn alloys by Koch et al, which demonstrated over 2GPa hardnesses in mechanically alloyed Mg-2Y-1Zn alloys that were hot pressed at 180°C to develop long range order. The long period superlattice phase proposed by Inoue in rapidly solidified Mg-Y-Zn alloy powders, combined with the nanocrystalline grains size derived from the mechanical alloying process at North Carolina State University, are believed to be the underlying strengthening mechanisms resulting in the high strength. This program will focus entirely on the magnesium alloys during Phase I.

General Opto Solutions, LLC
1366 Ridge Master Drive
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-5982
Yunjin Zhang
A10-061      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Rapid, contamination free growth of large single crystals of aluminum oxynitride (AlON)
Abstract:In this project, we will develop and demonstrate an innovative process for growing large size single crystal aluminum oxynitride (AlON). The proposed process is not only contamination-free but also preventing volatilization and maintaining the stoichiometry of the sample materials. This is particularly important to grow large size AlON single crystal because it can be decomposed at the melting temperature without proper environmental control. Furthermore, it is a rapid growing process so that it can be scaled up for highly efficient and low-cost production of large size AlON single crystals. AlON single crystal samples with all the required properties ( e.g., > 2 cubic millimeters, 80% visible in-line transmittance, stoichiometric composition, optically isotropic single crystals., and the acceptable cubic elastic constants) will be grown at the Phase I stage. A higher quality (e.g., 85% visible in-line transmittance) and larger size (50 millimeter diameter x 25 mm millimeter thick) will be developed at the Phase II stage by refining and optimizing the growing method and procedures developed at the Phase I stage.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5727
Uday Kashalikar
A10-061      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Formation of Large Single Crystals of Aluminum Oxynitride (ALON) Ceramic
Abstract:This project will develop and demonstrate a process for the formation of large single crystal aluminum oxynitride (AlON) material with homogenous, isotropic properties. This material has applications in optoelectronics subsystems for a number of defense systems. The Phase I program will involve key experiments and analyses to prove feasibility of producing homogenous, isotropic single crystal AlON specimens in at least 2 mm cube size. Under Phase I Option, the size will be scaled up. The follow-on Phase II program will prove repeatability in the process and scale up size to at least 1 in. 50 mm diam. x 25 mm thick. Surmet is already working with a number of defense contractors and have transitioned current polycrystalline AlON in defense systems. This will lay a strong foundation for commercialization of the proposed single crystal AlON technology.

Free Form Fibers L.L.C.
26 F Congress Street No. 312
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 269-5059
Joseph Pegna
A10-062      Awarded:1/7/2011
Title:Inexpensive Large Scale Manufacturing of High Specific Modulus and Strength Ceramic Fibers
Abstract:This ARMY SBIR Phase I project will determine the best opto-mechanical approach for massively parallel Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition of ceramic fibers by building on work already performed at RPI, Univ of Montreal, and Free Form Fibers (FFF). Ceramic fibers are typically produced using polymeric precursors, which means that stoichiometrically pure fibers are almost impossible to attain, limiting (usually severely) their potential performance in the severe applications they are intended for in the first place. FFF’s direct Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition production of pure fibers produces high purity monofilaments in a single “extrusion microtube” but commercial scale-up requires a sea change in manufacturing approach. This work investigates (in Phase I) creating a massively parallel array of laser beams, via either monolithic laser diode arrays, or a single laser and a high- power diffraction grating, and using this pattern (in a Phase I Option) to create a matching extrusion microtube array so that hundreds of stoichiometrically pure fibers can ultimately be grown at commercial scale via LCVD. Two approaches to the microtube array fabrication will be investigated, and one selected depending in part on the quality of the laser beam array and in part on results of microtube array fabrication experiments.

M Cubed Technologies, Inc.
35 Corporate Drive, Suite 1110
Trumbull, CT 06611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 454-8600
Michael K. Aghajanian
A10-063      Awarded:12/10/2010
Title:Metallic Encapsulation of Ceramic Tile Arrays
Abstract:The Army is in need of an improved armor solution for ground vehicles that possesses modularity, reduced weight, attractive cost, high ballistic resistance, durability, and tolerance to environmental affects. To meet this need, the use of large panels made by casting metal around an array of ceramic tiles is proposed. Such a product will possess high mass efficiency due to the presence of the ceramic tiles, will have high durability due to the presence of the metal surround, and will have attractive cost due to the casting process. Moreover, significant opportunity exists to optimize such products (e.g., by choice of metal type, ceramic type, ceramic size and shape, etc.). From work in other areas (e.g., MMCs), M Cubed has significant skills with metal to ceramic wetting and bonding. This knowledge will be used on the present program to allow the development and production of high performance ceramic/metal macro-composites with excellent interfacial bond strength and structural integrity. A four task Phase I program is proposed, namely (1) research with cast metal encapsulation of ceramics, (2) process development, scale-up and testing, (3) manufacture of two deliverable 26” x 26” armor arrays, and (4) generate cost model.

REL, Inc.
57640 North Eleventh St.
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3018
Josh Loukus
A10-063      Awarded:12/30/2010
Title:Cast Encapsulation of Unfinished Ceramic Armor Tiles
Abstract:Presently, the Army experiences numerous problems with existing manufacturing processes for the metal encapsulation of ceramic tiles within the current inventory of armor solutions. REL, Inc. will address the specific problems of directly casting the encapsulated ceramic structure to net/near net shape and the high cost of ceramic tile finishing practices currently required for existing ceramic panel designs through the identification and implementation of a new manufacturing process. This process will allow the ceramic tiles to remain unfinished before encapsulation, thereby eliminating the need for close tolerances and greatly reducing manufacturing costs while increasing the quality and consistency of the end product. Ultimately, this will result in the availability of more systems through the establishment of a new industry standard that will provide the required legacy and future platform for an innovative integrate and materials process for the survivability of the Warfighter.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A10-064      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:Electric and Magnetic Photonic Sensor System for Small UAVs
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-integrated sensors for detecting power lines and nearby aircraft, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Electric and Magnetic Photonic Sensor (EMPHOS) system. The proposed EMPHOS is based on photonic sensor technology under development at POC, combined with signal discrimination algorithms. Using passive sensors with no active electrical components reduces electromagnetic interference, as do the signal discrimination algorithms, enabling the full range of sensor sensitivity to be exploited. Planar microfabrication techniques result in a compact lightweight system (<2 oz.) with low projected manufacturing costs (<$100/system). These innovations enable the EMPHOS to be integrated into small UAV platforms, providing detection, localization, and navigation around power lines in a complex urban environment. In addition, the EMPHOS system offers the ability to identify and track moving sources, directly addressing the Army’s requirements for small UAV applications. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate EMPHOS feasibility by assembling and testing a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to fabricate and demonstrate the performance of a functional EMPHOS prototype on a UAV.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1737
Yongming Zhang
A10-064      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Light Weight Electric and Magnetic-Field Sensors for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Abstract:In order to function at their maximum operational potential, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) must have detailed information about their environment. The DoD has a need for a technology that can be configured into a compact, lightweight package for mounting on a small UAV (SUAV) that still provides accurate, real-time information about the location of power lines. One method to solve this problem is to equip UAVs with real-time, in-flight power line sensing using specially designed electric-field (E-field) and magnetic-field (B-field) sensors. QUASAR Federal Systems proposes to design and construct a lightweight, low power sensor package based on our already existing compact induction coils, compact E- field sensor, and miniature data acquisition board (DAQ). We will optimize the sensor and DAQ designs for appropriate fidelity and resolution. In addition to designing the sensor package, we will investigate mounting schemes on the sponsor-selected UAV. The package will then be integrated into a low-cost, research grade SUAV. Along with the hardware development, we will research a signal processing algorithm to provide real-time determination of the distance to power lines based on the measured E and B-fields. Finally, field tests will be performed to verify the proper operation of the hardware and the algorithm.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Duane Cline
A10-064      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Small Unmanned Air Vehicle Magnetic-Field Sensors
Abstract:The ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have highlighted the benefits and limitations of small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) operated by front-line combat units and special operations forces. The real-time imagery provided by narrow field of view electro-optical or infrared (EO/IR) cameras installed on small UAS significantly improves situational awareness without exposing soldiers to direct fire. However, these aircraft are limited to operation in segregated airspace at altitudes that prevent collisions with power lines, buildings or uneven terrain and cannot detect activity inside buildings, caves or tunnels. Magnetic field sensors installed on small UAS can be used to detect power lines, building wiring, hidden electrical power sources, and possibly other aircraft. An important step in developing this capability is the suppression of electromagnetic interference (EMI) produced by the aircraft electronics to maximize sensor performance. The proposed SBIR program will leverage SARA’s experience in the development, integration and testing of magnetic field sensors on UAVs gained during DARPA’s Low Altitude Airborne Sensor System (LAASS) program. During Phase I we will evaluate the potential effectiveness of candidate sensor system designs and signal processing algorithms, laying the foundation for development and demonstration of a prototype system during Phase II.

Impact Computing Corporation
606 Burnt Mills Avenue
Silver Spring, MD 20901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 593-2350
Hyam Singer
A10-065      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Weather Impact Probability Forecasting (WIPCast)
Abstract:Impact Computing has assembled a world class team – supported by University of Washington, ZedX and Marcus Weather – uniquely qualified to develop the Weather Impact Probability Forecast (WIPCast) system proposed herein. Our approach builds on the research and work of both Dr. Tony Eckel and Dr. Adrian Raftery in the domain of probabilistic forecasting and its practical application. Key innovations and features of our WIPCast solution include: • Calculation of Weather Impact Probability (WIP) to convey the total risk of serious degradation to the complete mission from weather • Development and application of Mission Impact Functions (MIFs) that describe the uncertainty in the chance of mission failure from actual occurrence of adverse weather • Objective calculation of ambiguity in the ensemble forecast and translation into a WIP confidence interval to convey confidence in the decision input • Statistical amalgamation of the potential impact from multivariate weather sensitivities, based on a multivariate space-time probability model for the weather elements of interest, conditioned on the calibrated ensemble forecasts • Flexible Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) that maximizes interoperability with existing systems and frameworks • Data source agnostic approach that avoids reliance on the peculiarities or idiosyncrasies of any particular mesoscale ensemble data source

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Bin Zhang
A10-065      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:A Real-Time Probabilistic Aviation Decision Aid Based on Mesoscale Weather Ensemble Forecasting
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, in partnership with the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms at the University of Oklahoma, proposes to develop a real-time, accurate, and reliable mesoscale ensemble forecasting for the probabilistic analysis of adverse weather in a 4-D framework to assist aviation decisions in terms of mission planning, enroute re-planning, and risk management. To improve the reliability and effectiveness of mission operations, the probabilistic approach fuses weather forecasts with established planning techniques so that commanders are able to plan the mission adaptively and optimally. Key elements include mesoscale ensemble forecasting based on the WRF model, extraction/interpolation of probabilities associated with adverse weather, mission planning/re-planning based on D*- Lite and rapidly-exploring random tree, and insurance-inspired risk management. The proposed system requires no meteorological interpretation by commanders and, therefore, provides tangible benefits to stakeholders at all echelons. In the Phase I, we will define, prototype and demonstrate the proposed solution within a highly modular structure such that it can be extended to provide enhancement to the deployed weather support tools such as AWRT and IWEDA. In the following phases, Impact will work closely with CAPS and OEM partners to develop a technology transition plan for military and commercial applications.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4815
Andrzej J. Przekwas
A10-066      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:A Physical and Virtual Head Phantom for Evaluating Human Performance using EEG Equipment
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop and deliver a rugged and portable human head/brain physical phantom that could be used for evaluation of existing and next generation EEG equipment. We will also develop, validate and deliver a virtual computational head phantom that could be used for evaluation of source localization. Computational models will be used to design both simple and anatomical head phantoms and the distribution and orientation of the dipole array within the head phantom as well as applied electrical signals needed to achieve typical EEG wave patterns measured in humans. In phase I, we will design and fabricate a prototype human head/brain phantom sufficient to test the fabrication process, selection of materials, implantation of dipole sources, testing of driving electronics and acquisition of EEG signals. The fabricated head phantom will be used for bench top experimental testing with and without environmental noise. At the end of phase I, an integrated prototype system will be delivered to the Army for independent evaluation. In phase II we will conduct iterative design and improvements of the new rugged and portable system of an instrumented human head/brain phantom. It will allow precise positioning of an array of intracranial dipole sources and digital control of the electronic signals. A neck model will be designed to mount the head phantom on commercially available manikins used in the vehicle safety design.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
A10-066      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Neurological Head Simulator for In-the-Field EEG Recordings
Abstract:Neuroscience is rapidly expanding beyond its traditional role in the clinic to a practical method of evaluating cognitive performance in the field. The transition of clinical neuroscience tools into operational environments is of particular interest to the military due to the need for soldiers to perform increasingly complex tasks under extremely difficult conditions. Successful transition into operational environments hinges on the ability to obtain high quality electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in the presence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) and other physiologic artifacts in a manner that is comfortable and compatible with personal protective equipment. Quantitative analysis of EEG can be used to determine concentration, fatigue, and excessive workload provided that sufficiently high quality, artifact-free signals can be recorded. The adverse nature of the environment, combined with the relatively low amplitude of EEG signals, motivates the use of realistic EEG phantoms to evaluate different recording systems, signal processing methodologies, and the impact of environmental conditions before collection of operational recordings from soldiers. This project aims to develop a head phantom capable of providing realistic EEG recordings in a wide variety of operational conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A10-066      Awarded:1/6/2011
Title:Head-Shaped Neurological Simulator System
Abstract:To address the Army need for a neurological simulator, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Head-shaped Neurological Simulator (NEUROSIM) system, based on a unique frequency synthesis algorithm and development of novel synthetic head phantom material. The innovative NEUROSIM system design allows generation of human EEG-like patterns (alpha, beta, theta, delta, and gamma waves in the range of 100 microvolts and 50 Hz) on the surface of a head-shaped physical model. As a result, researchers can use standard EEG caps and equipment to quantify external noise sources during actual field experiments and develop an artifact model to eliminate unwanted and unexpected noise sources from measured field data. Ruggedized packaging makes NEUROSIM long-lasting and maintenance-free, significantly reducing operational and ownership cost. The wireless design and user-friendly software makes it easy to program various brain states and user- defined wave patterns. In Phase I, POC will develop an engineering design and assemble a proof-of-concept prototype to demonstrate NEUROSIM feasibility by simulating EEG-like voltages on a head model. In Phase II, POC will develop two rugged, portable, field-usable, and digitally programmable working models of NEUROSIM with a technology readiness level (TRL) 4-5 for testing and verification at the Army Research Lab.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth A. Falcone
A10-067      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Low Latency Self Calibrating Constrained Digital Filter
Abstract:The Army is looking to research and develop a programmable multichannel radio frequency filter-equalizer having a programmable number of channels, each programmable with potentially unequal spacing, bandwidth, and equalization. What is needed is a digitally programmable multichannel filter-equalizer that can perform complex filtering function tailored to multiple applications. The challenging requirements include latency of less than 50 nS, channel bandwidth down to 100 KHz, and 200 MHz bandwidth with 70 dB dynamic range. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by combining our capabilities in high precision high bandwidth custom DSP hardware with our expertise in digital filtering and calibration. Specifically, we intend to integrate our existing equalization, calibration, and response matching algorithms together, and merge them into a low latency version of our frequency hopping notch filter architecture implemented on a custom PCB. The proposed self calibrating hardware design is based on our existing DSP board, and is targeted at a production cost of $6000 each in volume.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
William Hallidy
A10-067      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:ProgrammAble Multichannel Equalizing Filter System (PAMEF)
Abstract:Many radar sensors and communications systems need a multichannel filter-equalizer system that can be programmed by GUI for variable numbers of channels, each having independent center frequency, bandwidth, stop bands and equalization parameters. Military need includes systems to counter IEDs, multiband EA and EP radar systems and communication systems. Currently, programs resort to implementations consisting of parallel or switched banks of fixed bandwidth filters and passive equalizers. Digitally programmable multichannel filter-equalizers to perform filtering for varying signal environments is needed. Therefore, Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) will leverage our experience with our ADEP™ technology to create a ProgrammAble Multichannel Equalizing Filter System (PAMEF) designed so users can place multiple, independent bandwidth filters anywhere from 30 MHz to greater than 380 MHz. PAMEF will allow design of programmable filters having 0 dB gain over all channels while maintaining flatness of less than + 0.5 dB with -70 dBc in stop bands. PAMEF design permits all channels to have constant delay; it allows each channel to be independently equalized and signals from individual channels to be summed digitally or output separately to analog. Filter designs employ GUI based “draw your filter response” and low-level command programming syntax to minimize response time.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Junqing Ma
A10-068      Awarded:1/5/2011
Title:A Low Cost Process to Produce Carbon Fluoride for Lithium Batteries
Abstract:For soldiers communication applications that require long life, light weight and very low self- discharge, Li/(CFx)n lithium primary chemistry is considered to be a superior choice. The high cost of current carbon monofluoride materials, however, will add significantly to the total cost of the battery. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a low cost process to produce CFx materials with a greater than 80% cost saving. PSI’s process eliminates the usage of elemental fluorine gas and operates at a lower temperature. In the Phase I program, PSI will demonstrate the feasibility of using PSI’s electrochemical fluorination process to produce CFx materials at a significantly lower cost. Comparable electrochemical performance to state-of-the-art CFx materials in lithium cells will be demonstrated in the Phase I. In the Phase II program, PSI will scale up the CFx production to kilograms and D cells will be demonstrated in collaboration with a battery manufacturing partner.

Arbor Photonics, Inc
251 Jackson Plaza Unit A1
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 255-1338
Thomas Sosnowski
A10-069      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Compact, Rugged and Ultrafast Femtosecond Laser for Hazardous Material Detection at Range
Abstract:Arbor Photonics proposes to design a compact, rugged, high-power femtosecond (fs) pulsed fiber laser system capable of delivering pulse energy greater than 100 ěJ, pulse width narrower than 100 fs, and bandwidth broader than 25 nm. Successful development of such a laser will enable significant progress toward real-world applications of advanced, pulse laser spectroscopy for remote detection of hazardous materials. This laser system architecture will be based on the use of advanced technologies including Chirally-Coupled Core (3C) fiber in fiber-based component and amplification stages, fiber Bragg gratings for gain shaping, and volume Bragg gratings for pulse stretching and compression. 3C fibers support very large mode field diameters while maintaining a single-mode-quality beam. Large-core, single-mode-quality fiber is a necessity for meeting the challenging requirements of the specified system. Fiber Bragg gratings and volume Bragg gratings will be exploited as robust, compact means of spectral and dispersion control. Development work required to meet this SBIR’s Phase I objectives includes investigation of spectral shaping techniques based on fiber Bragg grating filters, laser system design, chirped-pulse system design based on volume Bragg gratings, and a size, weight, and power assessment.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A10-069      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Compact and Rugged Femtosecond Fiber Laser for Hazardous Material Detection at Range
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high energy (>100 micro-J and <100fs) fiber laser to meet with the requirement of this solicitation, by incorporating our proprietary technology of pulse shaping technology in high energy amplifier system. A proof of concept experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame. A prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Paul Yelvington
A10-070      Awarded:1/20/2011
Title:Compact, In-Line Sensor for Direct Measurement of Sulfur in Liquid JP-8
Abstract:Fuel cell technology has progressed to the point where fuel reforming and desulfurization has become the limiting factor. The platinum catalysts used in fuel cells are poisoned by sulfur compounds in the fuel. The proposed effort will develop a compact, rugged, in-line sensor for measuring total sulfur in JP-8 before it enters the desulfurization system. This sensor will allow better management of the desulfurization equipment and minimize its maintenance requirements (e.g., replacement of consumables). The proposed sensor is small, lightweight, and allows direct measurement of sulfur in the liquid fuel. The sensor is non-destructive and has low power requirements, making continuous, in-line monitoring possible. The technical approach will be proven out in Phase I, and a transition-ready technology demonstrator will be delivered at the end of Phase II.

Materials and Systems Research, Inc.
5395 West 700 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 530-4987
Joonho Koh
A10-070      Awarded:2/17/2011
Title:Compact and Lightweight Solid-State Electrochemical Sensor for Sulfur Oxide
Abstract:The sulfur content of JP-8 fuel varies in a wide range up to 3000 ppm and it is detrimental to a fuel cell based auxiliary power units. The concentration of sulfur must be closely monitored to allow the APU to fully function within specification. A highly selective solid-state electrochemical sensor is suitable for continuous monitoring of sulfur dioxide which is formed by conversion of all the sulfur species in the fuel at the exhaust of a fuel processor. Materials & Systems Research, Inc. has developed a unique ceramic processing technology that allows synthesis of a stable solid-state fast ion conducting material. Solid electrolyte sensors will be fabricated in Phase-I and they will be tested for demonstration of the required sensitivity, selectivity, and stability.

Plasmonics Inc.
12565 Research Parkway Suite 300
Orlando, FL 32801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 920-4844
David Shelton
A10-071      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Profile Feature Extractor (PFx) Sensor Component for Persistent ISR Applications
Abstract:Currently no source exists for detector pixels arranged in custom arrays suitable for use with the PFx sensor. Plasmonics Inc proposes to become a source for such detectors by designing a new fabrication process for custom microbolometer arrays using a novel vanadium oxide alloy. This new bolometer material has comparable temperature coefficient of resistance to commercially available products, but it has lower resistivity resulting in reduced noise and improved sensitivity. Greater sensitivity means that the sensor will have greater range which is important to the UGS program. An innovative process methodology is proposed to manufacture custom arrays without the need to re-tool a production line for each new array factor. The new detector arrays are proposed to be fabricated directly on silicon wafers, ready to be wire bonded into a PFx sensor. In phase I the feasibility of both the new alloy microbolometer fabrication process and the production methodology will be examined in laboratory experiments. Completion of the SBIR program will result in improved sensitivity sparse-array detectors that can be produced more efficiently and cost effectively than the current commercial solution.

RenderMatrix, Inc.
3118 Bluffdale
Memphis, TN 38118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(901) 490-3717
Joseph Qualls
A10-071      Awarded:2/3/2011
Title:Sensor Atom Configuration Software
Abstract:The software system, Sensor Atom Configuration Software (SACS), will use of knowledge management techniques through ontologies capturing knowledge about sensor atoms and 3D targets, advance algorithm design, and concept of operations to allow for flexible sensor system design and predict sensor performance. Sensor atoms are the fundamental unit of a sensor embodying the most basic properties in terms of temporal, spatial and spectral resolution. SACS will allow the user to chose multiple types of sensor atoms and define properties such as spatial layout and operational objectives, which will form the building blocks of a sensor configuration. The output of the sensor configuration will then be simulated with a 3D target. Features extracted from the simulated output will then be sent to performance algorithms to determine the ability of the sensor configuration to detect the 3D target with classification algorithms.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
A10-072      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Intelligent Toolset for Accessing Situational Knowledge (ITASK)
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a model-driven, agent-based Intelligent Toolset for Accessing Situational Knowledge (ITASK). This system will support Commanders and Battle Staffs in collecting and filtering data, from large information repositories in a net-centric environment, and in organizing and visualizing relevant portions to meet their critical situation awareness needs in a timely manner. We propose to use an integrated hybrid of intelligent search agents and decision support tools fitted to respond to knowledge management demands in the context of counterinsurgency planning and mission monitoring. Our approach focuses on enhancing performance in three areas: first, we will use decision models to identify critical information needs of the Battle Staff at any point in the decision making process; second, we will apply intelligent search agents to find and evaluate the information meeting those needs from the many large heterogeneous databases available; and finally, we will design a user interface with innovative display and retrieval technologies to allow rapid, efficient exploration of relevant information elements and to map them to related factors in the decision model. We will leverage our related developments in decision support systems for tactical users and prior focused research on multi-agent coordination and human interaction with intelligent systems.

Sytronics, Inc.
4433 Dayton-Xenia Road Building 1
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-6110
Jeff Collier
A10-072      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:SOLDIER ADAPTABILITY/HUMAN DIMENSION: Knowledge Management Framework for Network Centric Operations
Abstract:The amount of network-centric data from repositories, sensors, and human inputs has created significant problems that impede the effective organization of this data into actionable knowledge that can improve situation awareness and, ultimately, mission performance. Many technologies, for instance, databases and on-line mapping, have been designed to manage this information for specific task sets. However these technologies are difficult to apply broadly because the analysis tools embed a particular command intent related to the way information is organized and processed. Moreover they make this process opaque creating a host of human factors problems. This proposal describes the Search Agents and Tools for Intelligent Net-centric Operations (SATIN) concept for the development of a knowledge management based decision support system. SATIN allows the operator to incorporate his CONOPS and commander’s intent in interfaces designed to minimize cognitive workload and maximize situational awareness. SATIN will leverage an advanced filtering, fusion, and analysis (FFA) system based on a cloud-computing paradigm for processing the net-centric data sources to reduce extraneous information. It also uses advanced human interface technologies including Recognition-Primed Decision Making (RPDM) and Visual Thinking (VT) concepts to present relevant data to the human operator maximizing ease of comprehension and control.

AnthroTronix, Inc
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0770
Corinna Lathan
A10-073      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Communication-based Operational Multi-Modal Automated Navigation Device (COMMAND)
Abstract:The proposed SBIR effort seeks to design, develop, and validate a Communication and Operational Multi-Modal Automated Navigation Device (COMMAND) that 1) combines AnthroTronix, Inc (ATinc)’s existing Haptic Automated Communication System (HACS) with the Lockheed Martin Distributed Operations (DisOPS) GPS-driven mission planning and support system, and 2) incorporates a novel software system (WayPOINT) to provide intelligent, automated, multimodal information processing and display to support dismount infantry operations. The system will support a variety of input modalities, including automated recognition of standard hand and arm signal communications using ATinc’s instrumented glove (iGlove), and output modalities, including haptic feedback, auditory feedback, and visual feedback on a map-based display. The Phase I effort will include development of a prototype system and initial validation of the system within a pilot experiment comparing performance on a dual task using singular and combined input and output modalities. The Phase I Option effort will expand the capabilities of the WayPOINT software and validate the COMMAND prototype within the context of an operational task with active duty military personnel.

Engineering Acoustics, Inc.
406 Live Oaks Blvd
Casselberry, FL 32707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Gary Zets
A10-073      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Multisensory Navigation and Communications System
Abstract:Combat environments can subject personnel to extreme conditions, testing the limits of both their physical and cognitive abilities. Tactile displays offer a relatively untapped channel for dismounted warfighter navigation, and can be an effective communication modality even under situations where the conventional communication channels such as visual, audio and even vestibular become disorientated. This proposal leverages off EAI’s previously developed linear actuator tactile transducers, controllers and belt technology and proposes to extend it into a proof-of-concept system that enables the investigation of multisensory navigation among dismounted soldiers. The system would enable soldiers to quickly navigate to or away from specified waypoints or areas, while maintaining radio silence and light security. The resulting system has the potential to greatly improve the dismounted warfighter’s individual and team performance and survivability by improving situational awareness and communication in the combat environment.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Xichun Zhou
A10-074      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Integrated Lab-on-chip Universal Bio-sample Preparation Module
Abstract:We propose to develop a self-contained, integrated, disposable universal sampling platform that enables streamlined workflow in the preparation of viral and bacterial sample and obtaining PCR-ready nucleic acids and immuno-reactive content from a variety of sample matrices such as water, whole blood and plasma (virtually any biological matrix). The platform consist a low cost, disposable, microfluidic-based cassette. The cassette accepts a sample of biological fluid and performs lysis; nucleic acid isolation, concentration, as well as protein isolation and purification. The cassette stores on-board all the required buffers and dry reagents, as well as, provides on-chip pumping and flow control. The performance of the module device will be evaluated and tested by identifying the presence of Bacteria E. Coli in spiked samples. The proposed sample preparation system will allow the non-skilled user to process raw samples in a rapid, simple process, enabling push button automated lysis, concentration and purification of isolation of disease specific RNA and DNA, peptides and proteins.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0666
Ketan Bhatt
A10-074      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:µBioPrep: A Novel Microfluidic Cartridge for Universal Bio-sample Preparation
Abstract:A critical but often overlooked aspect of bioagent detection is rendering the complex environmental sample ready for detection. Commercially available sample preparation technologies are time-consuming, high cost and require trained personnel and sophisticated equipment for operation and thus are not feasible for field use. Furthermore, sample preparation technologies need to accommodate a variety of input samples (e.g., water, soil, blood) and a host of detection moieties (e.g., DNA, RNA, proteins, peptides, whole cells). Ideally, a fieldable bio-sample preparation platform should be rapid, compact, reagent-less, automated, require minimal user training, and universal. We propose to develop a general purpose µBioPrep cartridge for universal bio-sample preparation for detection of biowarfare agents. The cartridge will be based on CFDRC’s EMUS platform – a suite of microfluidic component technologies for electrokinetics-based sample preparation. It features modular design, offering a high degree of customization and electric field driven, unified physics for ease of integration and enhanced fieldability. Proof- of-concept during Phase I will be demonstrated by separating individual classes (e.g., spores, vegetative bacteria, viruses, DNA, proteins) of bioagents from heterogeneous samples. During Phase II, the individual component technologies will be optimized and integrated. The integrated microfluidic cartridge will be demonstrated for a variety of complex environmental samples.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A10-074      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Universal Bio-Sample Preparation Module
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army’s need for a technology platform for automated, universal sample preparation for biosensor systems using small volumes of samples from complex matrices, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a universal bio-sample preparation (UniBioPrep) technology, based on the combination of size-exclusion cleansing and an electrodeless dielectrophoretic (DEP) continuous-flow bio-agents separation technique followed by bio-agent purification, elution, and collection. The innovations in the UniBioPrep module will enable the module to perform biological target separation from low volumes of various complex matrices, purification, desalting if needed, concentration, and collection automatically, without use of specific reagents, and in only 5 minutes. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the UniBioPrep module by developing a benchtop prototype capable of separating and collecting individual classes of biological targets from a mixture in buffer in less than 15 minutes. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop, refine, and validate the UniBioPrep module, into a module capable of separating the biological targets from complex matrices such as homogenized food, soil, or aqueous sample from an aerosol collector within 5 minutes with the required purity.

EOS Photonics
30 Spinelli Place A
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 351-5548
Mark Witinski
A10-075      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Widely-Tunable Distributed-feedback Mid-Infrared Laser for Standoff Chemical Detection
Abstract:Important applications such as chemical sensing call for compact, broadband, high brightness lasers in the critical 3 -5 micron region of the mid-infrared spectrum. We propose to first design (Phase I) and then to produce (Phase II) a high power, broadband QCL source that can be rapidly tuned over >100 nm and is inherently rugged in its design. To accomplish this, we will integrate our patent-pending QCL array technology and several other QCL innovations developed recently by EOS Photonics, Inc..

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 984-1322
Alan C. Stanton
A10-075      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Widely-Tunable Distributed-feedback Mid-Infrared Laser for Standoff Chemical Detection
Abstract:The development of laser standoff detection systems for toxic gases is proposed. The systems will use new broadly tunable distributed feedback (DFB) lasers operating in the mid- infrared spectral region. The laser technology has already demonstrated a capability for significant wavelength tuning. The Phase I effort will focus on modeling the laser performance with the objective of extending the laser tuning range. A design will be developed for DFB lasers to be fabricated in Phase II. A standoff detection DIAL system will also be designed in Phase I to be used in a Phase II technology demonstration, targeting the remote measurement of selected toxic gases.

ArkLight, Inc
PO Box 2
Center Valley, PA 18034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 547-5375
Yuliya Zotova
A10-076      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Widely-tunable, compact, and portable terahertz source based on intracavity difference-frequency generation in dual-frequency Yb: YAG laser for identi
Abstract:By closely working with Prof. Ding’s group at Lehigh University, PI proposes to take a revolutionary approach to THz generation based on difference-frequency generation. Such a nonlinear process will take place inside the cavity of a dual-wavelength Yb:YAG laser. PI plans to demonstrate dual-wavelength operation of CW and Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers. PI’s goal is to reach the output powers of at least 1 W at each of the dual wavelengths. Subsequently, PI will achieve efficient conversion between the optical waves generated by the dual-wavelength laser and a THz output outside a Q-switched Yb:YAG laser cavity. The highest output power is expected to be 200 nW at 1 THz. PI is going to carry out feasibility studies on intracavity THz generation based on the performances of the CW and Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers tested and THz generation achieved outside the laser cavity. According to PI’s estimate, it is feasible for her to improve the THz output power to 1 mW. Moreover, she will be able to achieve the tuning range of 150 GHz - 1 THz, the linewidth of 100 MHz, and the repetition rate of 10 kHz. PI will also develop a concrete plan for identification and detection of biological agents.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 07205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 923-3028
Alexander Raspopin
A10-076      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Terahertz Emitter Based on Frequency Mixing in Microchip Solid-State Laser Cavity
Abstract:This proposed project is to produce an integrated device consisting of an input grating coupler and a an optical waveguide, nonlinear crystal, and THz waveguide. This device will be a highly efficient converter of laser optical energy into THz energy. The THz source will be highly efficient, coherent, and high-power.

Dorsan Biofuels, Inc
PO Box 2036
Chapel Hill, NC 27515
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 357-7146
Thomas Hohn
A10-077      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Energy-Dense Hydrocarbons from Eukaryotic Microorganisms
Abstract:Sustainable biofuel solutions that produce drop-in diesel and jet fuels compatible with existing petroleum-based infrastructure are critical to reducing the environmental impact of petroleum fuels and protecting US energy independence. Fungal systems can address this problem through the production of long-chain, high-energy density hydrocarbon fuels from sustainable biomass feedstocks. The objective of the proposed research is to demonstrate the efficacy of engineering a filamentous fungus that naturally produces high levels of hydrocarbon-based products to produce C15 hydrocarbon fuels. Filamentous fungi are the only eukaryotic microorganisms that can produce the enzymes required for converting lignocelluose to sugars thereby enabling process consolidation for the saccharification and fuel production steps. The resulting C15 hydrocarbon fuels can be easily separated and require minimal post-process refining. Streamlining the saccharification/fuel production processes and minimizing post-process refinement will permit development of scalable, economical processes that can meet a wide range of feedstock availability. The use of a native production system should lead to greater biocatalyst and process robustness, increasing both opportunities for process applications and cost reduction. The resulting diesel and jet fuels will have nearly identical storage, transport, and performance properties as the petroleum hydrocarbon fuels they will replace.

Evolugate, LLC
2153 SE Hawthorne Road #15
Gainesville, FL 32641
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 505-8611
Thomas Lyons
A10-077      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Energy-Dense Hydrocarbons from Eukaryotic Microalgae
Abstract:Triglycerides oils and biodiesel from various sources can be converted into renewable JP-8 through chemical means. However, the problem with this process is the cost of the triglyceride feedstock. Currently, the only source of this oil is from edible food crops. There is a concerted effort to develop non-edible alternatives, however, the establishment of such crops is hindered by the low value of agricultural (seed cake) and industrial (waste glycerol) co-products. Another critical issue is the fact that what makes an oil suitable for biodiesel production (high ratio of unsaturated fatty acids), makes it less suitable for conversion to JP- 8. We have developed a stain of heterotrophic algae that can convert these unrefined seed cake and waste glycerol into high value algae oil for additional biofuel production. We propose to increase the maximal growth temperature of this algal strain so that it can grow robustly at higher temperatures. The reason for this modification is that microbes produce much less unsaturated fatty acids at higher temperature, thereby producing oil that is more suitable for conversion to JP-8. We will alter the thermal growth parameters of this strain using experimental evolution. After producing this strain we will confirm its ability to produce a suitable oil on the lab scale.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Min-Yi Shih
A10-078      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Compact High Intensity Illumination Source
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for compact, high-intensity, low-cost, and freestanding lighting sources for high-speed photography applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Compact High Intensity Illumination Source (CHIIS). This proposed system is based on the novel integration of an array of high-intensity discharge (HID) bulbs, optical reflectors, digital ballast, and wireless remote trigger. The innovation in using commercial HID bulbs, new design of optical reflectors, and lightweight and structurally strong materials, will enable CHIIS to achieve high-intensity illumination at low power consumption and low cost of manufacturing. As a result, this system offers illumination of 300,000 lumens over a 5 ft^2 area, size of about 0.125 ft^3, weight of <25 lb, cost of <$330/unit, and free standing capabilities, which directly address the Army requirements. In Phase I POC plans to study the need for such illumination source; design the illuminator through theoretical analysis; develop a prototype for feasibility study; study the environmental and safety concerns; and define metrics for Phase II progress monitoring. In Phase II, we will conduct a design review of the prototype CHIIS; fabricate and deliver two CHIIS prototypes to ARL for further testing.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Jean F Seurin
A10-078      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Compact, High Intensity, Low Cost, Free Standing Illumination Sources
Abstract:The Army needs high power light sources for high speed photography. The cameras with frame rates of million frames/sec or higher frame rates are increasingly being used for recording of fast events such as impact of a projectile on Army platforms such as tanks and APCs or IED blasts. To image fast events from a distance of 50 to 100 meters, or inside an MRAP vehicle, high power illumination sources are needed. This is because of the fact that with higher frame rates the number of available photons decreases proportionately. For example, the number of available photons per pixel per frame for million frames per second will be approximately 33,000 times lower than 30 frames per second rate. For using the high speed cameras, Army needs an illumination intensity of 300,000 lumens for a duration of at least 30 seconds from a small source of 6x6x6" size including the batteries. Princeton Optronics proposes to use VCSELs (vertical cavity surface emitting laser), which is a new type of high power diode laser, to develop the high power illuminator for the Army. VCSEL technology has a number of advantages over LEDs and edge emitting diode lasers for the illumination applications. In phase I, we would do a study the problem which will result in development of a design for the illuminator which can be implemented in phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Pedram Boghrat
A10-079      Awarded:6/27/2011
Title:Smart Energy-Absorbing Light Body Armor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a smart body armor active protection system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new active Smart Energy-Absorbing Light Body Armor (SEALBA). This proposed body armor is based on a new impact sensor system that utilizes components developed in house and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in the ballistic impact sensor, a very fast actuator device that will direct material to intercept the ballistic device, in conjunction with shock wave kinetic energy absorbers, will enable the SEALBA to vastly increase protection while greatly reducing armor areal density. As a result, this system offers greater survivability and decreased weight, which directly address the smart body armor active protection system requirements. In Phase I, POC will characterize the smart armor subsystems, materials, and functionality, and design and fabricate a prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of the SEALBA system by displaying the system’s fast reaction time and mass transfer to neutralize incoming ballistic threats. In Phase II, POC plans to develop fully operating prototype hardware and software to TRL-4/6 and test its performance in a relevant environment.

Dakota Analytical Solutions
509 First Street
Nisland, SD 57762
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 819-1214
Teresa Corbin
A10-080      Awarded:3/7/2011
Title:FORMULATION AND PRODUCTION OF NOVEL BARRIER MATERIALS
Abstract:Development and production of materials to serve as quality control standards during evaluation of candidate materials for IPE and ColPro Acquisition Programs will be accomplished utilizing advanced nanocomposite technology. In our process, polymeric membranes serve as the building blocks for the standard materials. The polymers are hybridized with specific nanocomposite coatings that optimize permselectivity. An innovative Layer by Layer (LBL) assembly process is incorporated to create layered nanocomposites that can be customized to optimize specificity for various chemical agents, simulants, and TIC/TIMs. Utilizing a bilayer technique, electrostatic forces and donor/acceptor interactions bond the nanocomposites to the polymers creating a membrane of the strength necessary to withstand the rigorous swatch testing conditions. The LBL process delivers a uniform membrane that can be manufactured on a production scale. The novel nanocomposite polymers will be compared to carbon nanotube membranes. While carbon nanotubes have shown success in providing permselectivity, their high cost limits their prospects for commercialization. Further, recent concerns regarding the unknown health risks associated with carbon nanotubes may hinder commercialization and may pose an unnecessary risk to analysts conducting swatch testing. The use of the nanocomposite membranes will eliminate that potential risk while providing quality control standard materials at a reasonable cost.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Matthew Erdtmann
A10-081      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Silicon Nanowire Phototransistor (SNAP) Imager
Abstract:Agiltron, in partnership with the University of California–San Diego (UCSD), will develop the Silicon Nanowire Phototransistor (SNAP) Imager, a silicon-based imager with unprecedented capability for low light level imaging. The unique nanoscale architecture of the fully CMOS-compatible silicon nanowire phototransistor creates colossal internal gain at biases on the order of one volt, a level of performance that is unprecedented in a solid state imager. When monolithically integrated with CMOS readout integrated circuitry (ROIC) at the pixel level, a highly compact, solid state, low light level imager with uncooled operation and performance equivalent to a Gen-3 image intensifier tube will be realized, making it ideally suited for helmet- or eyeglass-mounted operation.

AmplificationTechnologies, Inc.
1400 Coney Island Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 951-8021
Yuriy Yevtukhov
A10-081      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:Novel Low Light Level Solid State Imaging Arrays
Abstract:Amplification Technologies proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of developing novel low light level solid state imaging arrays utilizing the break through technology of discrete amplification technology with very high gain, low noise, high detection efficiency and having no external quenching circuits. It is expected that the proposed devices would have significantly superior performance characteristics than conventional avalanche photodetector arrays and vacuum tube based devices.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Andrew E. Paul
A10-082      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Optical Waveform Correlator for Closed Loop Infrared Countermeasures (CLIRCM)
Abstract:Current infrared counter measure (IRCM) system for rotary wing platforms require cues from the missile warning system (MWS) that detects the launch of a surface to air missile. The current state-of-the-art MWS have been challenged with false alarm issues and handoff errors that stress the requirements of the countermeasure systems. Closed loop infrared counter measures (CLIRCM) concepts based on optical augmentation (OA) from the missile seeker present an opportunity to address several issues that challenge near term IRCM approaches. CLIRCM allows the ability to detect and identify threats prior to launch maximizing the CM effectiveness. Additionally, by the nature of the method handoff errors are eliminated if the active detection system is also used as the laser CM. Areté proposes to develop a unique and robust CLIRCM concept that detects, identifies and tracks the missile before the launch by enabling detection and identification of missile seeker optics in real time.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Eric Magee
A10-082      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Closed Loop Optically Adaptive Countermeasure (CLOAC) System
Abstract:MZA proposes an active, closed loop, IRCM which will integrate the features of the threat detection, tracking, interrogation, jamming, and effectiveness verification. The Closed Loop Optically Adaptive Countermeasure (CLOAC) system includes all features of current active IRCM with the addition of a capability to include spatial phase modulation to aid in discrimination and jamming effectiveness. We believe that spatial phase modulation coupled with pulse modulation, the robustness of the jamming waveform is dramatically improved. The addition of spatial phase modulation may also improve the robustness of jamming. Initial analysis shows the effect of spatial phase modulation on the reticle modulation is consistent for different types of reticles. This fact is important due to the endless cycle of missile, countermeasure, counter-countermeasures in that the added degree of freedom in jamming signal will expedite the creation of new jamming signals as the missile seekers evolve. There is also the opportunity of using spatial phase modulation to defeat imaging seekers by using beam shaping. By applying a pre-computed 2-d phase modulation scheme, the profile of the laser light on the focal plane array can be varied and potentially cause the seeker to break lock.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn , MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Pierre-Yves Emelie
A10-083      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Four-Color Imager Based on Si-Ge
Abstract:In this program, Agiltron, Inc. and RTI International propose a four-color sensor based on SiGe alloys. The sensor will provide sequential detection in the UV, visible, near infrared (NIR), and mid-wave infrared (MWIR) bands. The sensor is composed of a stack of photodiodes sensitive to different bands of radiation to achieve broadband detection. The photodiodes are activated sequentially by implementing a novel voltage-tuning scheme. Our goal is to develop the first single UV/Vis/NIR/MWIR integrated sensor to cover the whole range of threats faced by Army rotary wing platforms. As a technical demonstration, we will deliver a four-color 320 × 256 imaging sensor sensitive to all four wavebands.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
A10-083      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Stacked Ultraviolet Visible and Infrared Sensor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for multi-threat passive detection technology for aircraft survivability equipment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Stacked Ultraviolet Visible and Infrared Sensor (SUVIS) for multi-spectral imaging based on multi-band spectral image routing and multi-band—UV, visible, NIR, MWIR—sensor integration. When combined with a wide field-of-view reflective optics, such as the multi- aperture compound eye optics, the system will provide target detection and location via sensor data processing. Innovations in the single integrated multispectral sensor design with a scalability for other IR bands will allow development of a single missile, laser, hostile- fire, multi-threat warning sensor for the protection of Army rotary wing platforms from these primary threat classes. In Phase I, POC will identify design methodologies, critical design parameters, and key component evaluation of SUVIS technology, develop an initial design, analyze its performance, and demonstrate its novel features through a laboratory prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the SUVIS system and to build, test, and demonstrate the sensor prototype in a laboratory breadboard configuration against a simulated or real threat environment involving the three threat classes of interest.

AKELA, Inc.
5551 Ekwill Street Suite A
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 683-6414
Allan Hunt
A10-084      Awarded:3/11/2011
Title:Wall Characteristic Extraction for Through Wall Radar Systems
Abstract:AKELA is proposing to leverage the experience we have gained in developing systems for through the wall sensing by using our high performance field tested radar technology as the starting point for wall characteristic extraction algorithm development, performing experiments to bound major development risk areas, and using this data to determine achievable accuracy for extracting wall characteristics. Algorithms that are developed will be tested with Visibuilding data to verify performance.

eWave Informatics
3 Red Bird Lane
Conshohocken, PA 19428
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 299-9659
Benita Luttcher
A10-084      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Multilayered Wall Characteristic Extraction for Through Wall Radar Systems
Abstract:The primary objective of this Phase I project is to develop radar-based techniques and algorithms to accurately estimate the parameters of walls, such as dielectric constant, conductivity (or loss-tangent) and thickness, as well as to devise methods that can characterize inhomogeneous walls by detecting presence of foiled-back insulation, reinforced wires/studs, water pipes, and enclosed air-gaps, e.g., in hollow concrete (cinder- block) walls. The wall parameter estimation can be performed either in time-domain (suitable for modulated pulse or impulse radar operation) or in frequency-domain (suitable for CW or step-frequency radar operation). To achieve this we propose to apply and compare the accuracy and robustness of several alternative techniques including time-domain Reflectometry, Least-Squares method, Singularity Expansion Method (SEM), Evolutionary based optimization and Ellipsometry. In addition, we will investigate the following techniques for characterization of inhomogeneous walls: i) a technique based on the frequency signature of calibrated wall’s reflected signal to detect the presence of conductor a back- plated wall, ii) a hybrid of ‘effective’ parameter estimation and subsurface imaging to characterize and image existence and location of re-bars, air-gaps and/or other wall’s interior structures, and iii) use of cross-polar scattered fields or other polarization-based radar techniques for detection of reinforced wires or water pipes and their orientations.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem Sabet
A10-085      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Scenario Based Modeling of Electronic Systems
Abstract:In this SBIR project we will develop an integrated software framework for RF system-of- systems simulation. The framework will feature a number of "Point Tools" that can address and solve certain types of problems very efficiently. The primary concept is to decompose a large computational domain into a number of smaller and more manageable sub-domains. Each sub-domain is solved using the "right" point tool. The sub-domain solutions should then be assembled and interfaced in a systematic way to finally arrive at the solution of the original larger-scale problem. We propose to use the concept of equivalent Huygens surfaces as a robust interface among the various sub-domains.

Remcom Inc.
315 S. Allen St Suite 222
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-1299
Greg Skidmore
A10-085      Awarded:3/22/2011
Title:Scenario Based Modeling of Electronic Systems
Abstract:The ability to model complex systems relevant to EW defeat scenarios, currently requires a knowledgeable user to decompose high-level phenomena into a set of individual phenomena in order to model each phenomenon individually. There are no end-to-end models or systems of models that can appropriately model all aspects of the problem and coherently bring them together into an accurate solution. This results in two key disadvantages: (1) The process of performing multi-step simulations is time consuming (2) The approach requires expertise across several codes The development of a Scenario-Based Electronic Systems Modeling tool will eliminate the need for a knowledgeable user to run each simulation, and will reduce run times and errors. The tool will encapsulate the models of interest in one tool, and automatically decompose electronic system emplacement scenarios into separate problem spaces, recommend to the user which of the available COTS EM models are best suited for the problem, then run and display the results through a user-friendly GUI. This will improve the Army's ability to develop effective defeat solutions in a timelier manner, and can be used by general users for a variety of system and operational level electronics system scenarios.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 07205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 923-3028
Yan Zhang
A10-086      Awarded:5/19/2011
Title:Spectroscopic Home Made Explosive Detector
Abstract:This proposed project is aimed at the development and demonstration of a cost-effective and power-efficient advanced remote sensing technology able to detect home made explosives. The system will be specifically designed to detect trace amount of the out-gassed by- products of explosive materials, in particular, ammonia species using infrared absorption spectroscopic techniques. The system will be a portable unit working at a stand-off detection distance with an eye-safe laser wavelength and energy, while not triggering the explosive components themselves. The system will also be able to display the data and generate an alarm when there are suspicious explosive materials on the personnel, the loaded vehicle or the structure undergoing stand-off inspection.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Brad Sallee
A10-086      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Explosive Detection LADAR (EDL)
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a miniature class 1 eye- safe LADAR to provide explosive detection and classification through use of Raman scattering spectroscopy. The system is a hand held device interfacing to a tough book computer, allowing operation by dismount troops. The unit can find IEDs, Identify Suicide Bombers and interrogate suspicious packages and vehicles. The LADAR is an adaptation of the SPEC family of miniature 32 channel scanning LADARs. As adapted, one channel receives the transmit wavelength (Rayleigh scattering) for ranging and 3D imaging, the other 31 channels are gated by the Rayleigh channel and tuned to Stokes backscatter Raman spectral lines of explosives, both military and homemade. The fiber DWDM receiver structure, based on communications industry technology, has temperature stability of 5% band over -65F to 165F . The SPEC LADAR receiver, using SiPM sensors, achieves 8/1 signal to noise ratio on single photon detects, allowing near theoretical receiver performance. The receiver operates to 400KHz laser pulse rate and allows 3D imaging through thick vegetation by receiving the first 3 objects in range. The unique gating and sensor structure allows Raman detection to over 100m range.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Richard Fink
A10-087      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Portable, Low-Cost Approach for Identification Based on Individual Scent (IBIS)
Abstract:Uniquely identifying an individual based on biometric information can currently be performed by using fingerprints, facial images and eye scans. These techniques frequently require the cooperation or at a minimum the acknowledgement from an individual that information is being gathered from them. An urgent need arises for non-cooperative surreptitious biometric collection tools, which may play an important role in real-time security monitoring and intelligence gathering. A biometric that can be collected non-cooperatively and from a distance (space and time) is an individual’s scent. For individual identification, one needs to look at the volatile organic compounds that reflect the individual’s gene expression and not other secondary confounding effects. This proposal will leverage the numerous studies and research efforts that have been conducted in order to refine the ability of uniquely identifying an individual based on the MHC-controlled odor profile and will demonstrate that an instrument consisting of a gas chromatograph coupled with a differential mobility spectrometer (a specific configuration of ion mobility) can provide the needed selectivity and sensitivity in a small, robust and relatively inexpensive package.

Li Creative Technologies
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Bozhao Tan
A10-087      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Identification Based on Individual Scent (IBIS)
Abstract:The need arises to explore biometrics that can identify a person at crime scenes. One such biometric that can be collected non-cooperatively is an individual’s scent. The goal of human scent research is to facilitate to development of sensor systems, whether based on contact or non-contact method of odor collection. The research proposed herein will provide key foundational knowledge that will ultimately enable informed, intelligent design of sensors with high selectivity and low detection limits. In the Phase I period, we will collaborate with Dr. Stephanie Schuckers at Clarkson University for human scent subject collection and data analysis. This research will address several unanswered questions relevant to developing sensor systems for human odor detection, including the necessary VOCs and respective concentration, the confidence in uniquely identifying an individual when odor degrades over time, etc. Answers to these questions will not only aid in hardware design, but in signal analysis as well. Sensor systems will ultimately possess software that will determine signal quality, necessary enhancement levels, and automated matching tasks. The approach taken herein will propose a novel solution for non-cooperative biometric authentication, which will also influence the design of fingerprint, iris, and facial capture systems in the future.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Tim Faltemier
A10-088      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Forensic Facial Image Analysis Providing 3D Mapping, Meta-tagging, Comparative Operation and Search System
Abstract:With the growing concerns surrounding security and terrorism around the world, biometrics has become one of the premier solutions to combat these issues. By extracting unique anatomical features and markings we can not only learn the identity of subjects but also their associations in social groups based on our novel research regarding Scars, Marks, and Tattoos (SMT). In this proposal, we present a solution that will significantly lower identification time of any face recognition algorithm by reducing the overall number of “possible subjects” through the use of soft biometric indexing and identify potential linkages to groups based on extracted SMT data. Based on our significant prior published experience in this area and current Phase II SBIR research and development (ONR N08-077 – Automated Entity Classification in Video Using Soft Biometrics), we will construct a solution that leverages soft biometric features (e.g. age, race, gender, skin, hair, eye color, scars, marks, and tattoos etc.) which can be automatically extracted from face images based on their color, shape, and relation to facial landmarks. Finally, our system will leverage our novel 2D-to-3D facial reconstruction technology to provide accurate results regardless of subject cooperation and facial pose (- 90 to 90).

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
A10-088      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Forensic Facial Image Analysis providing 3D Mapping, Metatagging, Comparative Operation and Search System
Abstract:The ability to accurately catalog and search through vast repositories of human images has been difficult to achieve for several reasons. The most common approach to this problem involves the manual tagging of images with textual descriptions. Unfortunately, manual tagging is a laborious process, and the resulting tags are often misleading or incorrect, as can be seen in Figure 1. Securics, Inc. has created a new type of solution for the problem of forensic facial images with our use of automatically computed descriptive facial attributes. With the attribute approach, we can define any number of new attributes for features of interest, including scars, marks, and tattoos. For this Phase I SBIR effort, we intend to extend our existing technology for flexible detainee processing and management by incorporating highly unique facial and body features from a variety of source imagery. Securics and our partner the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs bring the experience and expertise of two important research groups in computer vision investigating human biometrics. Based on our substantial past experience in the specific area of forensic facial image analysis, we are confident in a high degree of success for our effort.

Technology Service Corporation
3415 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 800
Los Angeles, CA 90034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 601-8321
Wayne Haack
A10-089      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors Electronic Protection (TC-CAS EP)
Abstract:Low-frequency synthetic aperture radars (SARs), which tend to have very broad antenna beams and relatively small waveform bandwidths, are inherently vulnerable to unintentional RFI and to intentional electronic attack (EA). EA is typically performed using either: 1) a barrage noise or swept spot noise jammer or 2) a coherent DRFM repeater. The interference or jamming signals can enter the SAR through its mainlobe, sidelobes and/or backlobes. No single electronic protection (EP) technique is sufficient to address all of these interference and deception sources. Therefore TSC will investigate a variety of EP approaches that include: 1) the use of multiple phase center antenna array processing including both an algebraic solution for the antenna pattern adaptation and an adaptive singular value decomposition (SVD) approach for post-processing image enhancement, 2) robust SAR waveforms and mismatched pulse compression filters, and 3) adaptive antenna polarization agility. Two or more of these techniques can be simultaneously applied to address the RFI / EA scenario. TSC will also investigate methods to identify when RFI and/or EA is present, allowing the proposed EP techniques to only be employed under appropriated environmental conditions.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3610
David Kirk
A10-089      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors Electronic Protection (TC-CAS EP)
Abstract:The Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors (TC-CAS) such as the Tactical Reconnaissance and Counter-Concealment Enabled Radar (TRACER) are designed to penetrate foliage, camouflage netting, and even structures to detect concealed targets. The systems operate in the VHF, UHF and L-band frequencies to enable the penetration capabilities. These frequency bands also contain a number of other systems as well, including commercial television and radio transmitters, two-way radios, glide-slope landing beacons, cell phones, GPS signals, and many others. These systems result in a significant amount of radio frequency interference (RFI) that significantly degrades the system performance by raising the system noise level. In addition the radar system can interfere with the other mission critical systems such as glide-slope landing beacons or SINGARS radio systems. Deliberate electronic attack (EA) is also of concern. During this effort, ISL will develop new techniques to mitigate the effects of RFI and EA including adaptive transmit waveforms, adaptive notching on receive, and space-time adaptive processing (STAP). The optimal solution will be determined and implemented in such a way as to maximize the image quality, while minimizing the impact on the system time-line.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 458-5963
Robert Woodley
A10-090      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Causal-View
Abstract:The ability to see and understand the data is critical to situational awareness. As data becomes more prevalent, the need to link causal data into actionable information becomes paramount. Analysts are faced with mountains of data, and finding that piece of relevant information is the proverbial needle in a haystack, only with dozens of haystacks. Analysis tools that facilitate identifying causal relationships across multiple data sets are sorely needed. 21st Century Systems, Inc. (21CSI) proposes Causal-View, a causal data-mining visualization tool, to address this challenge. 21CSI has experience in developing integrated information analysis tools that enable analysts, operators, etc. to discover and see data from any source. Causal-View provides causal analysis tools to fill the gaps in the causal chain. Causal-View Phase I will research multiple algorithms to provide a rich toolkit for the user. Our ongoing research and development in ISR data analysis, CBM data-mining, and reasoning under uncertainty provides a strong background for Causal-View. From our previous successes, Causal-View technology has existing avenues of transition to the warfighter where this technology is needed. Easily, with our 100% commercialization rating, 21CSI is the right company to assist the analyst and engineer alike with causal data mining.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A10-090      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Redescription, Malleable Visualization, and Storytelling for Causal Data Mining
Abstract:Harmonia proposes creating a dynamic Bayesian networks and redescription/story telling (DBN-RS) tool to help solve problems such as the problem of condition-based maintenance for vehicles. DBN-RS offers two means of data mining. The first is DBN which is used in an automated mode on discrete event streams, and by applying an algorithm that marries frequent pattern mining with probabilistic modeling (DBN). DBN includes frequent pattern mining which is scalable to large data sets but does not exhibit the rigorous probabilistic interpretations that are the mainstay of the graphical models literature. DBN also includes probabilistic modeling providing a formal probabilistic basis to model relationships between time-indexed random variables but is intractable to learn in the general case – and hence they do not normally scale well. The second means of data mining is an interactive visualization method that permits human guided exploration of data to try to “connect the dots” and see if there is a relationship between entities or events (RS). The goal of this research is to identify causal relationships from large data sets using these means of data mining in one tool.

Primordial, Inc
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy Milbert
A10-091      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Bedlam OCU™: Adversarial Reasoning System for Unmanned Platforms
Abstract:Primordial, Carnegie Mellon University, iRobot, and AeroVironment propose Bedlam OCU™—an adversarial reasoning system for unmanned platforms. Team Primordial will start with our existing state-of-the-art Surveyor OCU, which already fully or partially meets 78% of the topic’s requirements including enabling UAV/UGV collaboration, autonomously tracking targets, predicting adversary movement, providing a mission execution framework, enabling mission planning, mitigating cognitive load, and having a practical fielding plan. Using Surveyor OCU, Team Primordial has conducted numerous live, semi-autonomous ground vehicle tracking experiments using AeroVironment Raven UAVs and iRobot PackBot UGVs. From this proven baseline, we will develop Bedlam OCU—a handheld version of the Surveyor OCU with upgraded adversary prediction and target reacquisition modules. The upgraded adversary prediction module will account for terrain features, evasive maneuvers, and likely destinations. The upgraded target reacquisition module will enable an unmanned platform to autonomously reacquire a target if tracking fails. Primordial will test the upgraded modules using simulations incorporating computer- and human-controlled adversaries executing various strategies such as maximizing speed, minimizing visibility, or randomizing movements. Working with iRobot and AeroVironment, Primordial will also develop a transition plan for ensuring Bedlam OCU’s ultimate fielding. Finally, Primordial will deliver a report detailing Bedlam OCU’s design, development, and testing.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Gaemus E. Collins
A10-091      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Adversarial Reasoning for Advanced Unmanned Teaming (AVERT)
Abstract:Toyon proposes to develop adversarial target prediction algorithms and a mission execution framework that supports collaborative teaming of airborne and ground based Unmanned Systems (UMS) to enable tracking and surveillance of uncooperative targets. The proposed AVERT system will include automatic video processing, global fusion and tracking, adversarial reasoning and prediction, UMS control logic, and an application for a handheld iPhone, iPad, or Android device enabling the operator to interface with the system. Toyon's field-proven video processing algorithms will automatically detect moving targets in video, then digitize and compress the video stream for low-bandwidth transmission to the handheld device. Target detections will be automatically geo-registered using sensor state data from the platform GPS and IMU, then fused into target tracks in the ground plane, enabling autonomous tracking even in urban and complex environments. Ground plane tracks will be sent to the UMS operator for viewing and passed on to advanced UMS control algorithms. Motion control algorithms will use adversarial modeling to anticipate future actions of the target, then optimize the platform trajectory and sensor orientation to obtain clear-line-of- sight to the target and maintain persistent surveillance. A decentralized control architecture will be used to enable each UMS to operate autonomously or optimize collaborative actions between several UMS, while keeping bandwidth use low. The AVERT handheld application will receive data from all UMS within range, fuse multiple data streams to display an aggregate operational picture, and respond to the Warfighter's requests.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2489
Jeanine Ayers
A10-092      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:CrossCORE: Cross-Context Ontology Reasoning Environment
Abstract:Advanced Army C2 technologies are becoming ever more present in today’s wars, enabling Commanders at all levels to have a greater understanding of the battlefield. However, current C2 technology does not actively measure, define, or represent the Commander’s “contextual framework”, which can lead to a failure by Commanders and supporting teams to retain important contextual information over time. To fill this gap, Aptima, Inc. proposes to develop the Cross-Context Ontology Reasoning Environment (CrossCORE), a unique solution for managing contextual information within C2 systems. CrossCORE will be built upon an agent-based framework that leverages and expands upon Aptima’s context definition research, and formally encapsulates contextual elements into an ontology housed within intelligent agents. A unique aspect of this ontology will be an implicit model that measures Commander interactions with a C2 system to make inferences about activities and goals, which will provide key inputs to the CrossCORE ontology. The CrossCORE agent will rely on a formalized, data-driven contextual framework to mediate the flow of C2 data by retaining critical contextual information, adding saliency to particular elements of interest on the common operating picture, and collaborating with other CrossCORE agents to enhance the level of shared situational awareness between Commanders.

Evidence Based Research, Inc.
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 250
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 869-1658
Dennis K. Leedom
A10-092      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Contextual Framework for Command and Control Decision Making
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR research proposal outlines a flexible and responsive context knowledge management framework that provides an innovative approach to developing a dynamic battlefield visualization management tool for military commanders. A unique feature of this design is the explicit representation of two interconnected forms of contextual knowledge—structural/functional context and narrative context—that enable the dynamic construction of meaning and relevance. The proposed framework responds to the requisite variety of contextual knowledge demanded by wicked operational environments that are characterized by (1) multiple cause-effect dimensions (e.g., political, military, economic, social, information, and infrastructure), (2) alternative interpretations and stakeholder interests, (3) emergent problem factors, and (4) an emphasis on problem framing rather than problem solving. The proposed context knowledge framework acknowledges the socially constructed nature of meaning and understanding in the real world by integrating a combination of concept mapping, qualitative and quantitative modeling, and wiki knowledge base management methods into an analytically rigorous framework that can be integrated with an existing military command and control systems. This resulting methodology will facilitate the rapid construction, collaborative reconciliation, and dynamic maintenance of situation understanding and operational campaign design across a military command and control organization.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Ranga Narananaswami
A10-093      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Intelligent Human Motion Classification and Quantification
Abstract:US soldiers increasingly have the need to operate in GPS-denied environments or in environments without access to GPS, such as caves and indoor buildings. To date, inertial integration and pedometry have been used for position estimation in such environments. The inertial integration process suffers from excessive velocity drift over time and leads to errors in position estimation. Pedometry avoids velocity drift, but depends on an estimated scale factor that converts steps into distance traveled. A fundamental problem with direct pedometry for position estimation in GPS-denied environments is that a scalar step count cannot be translated to a vector displacement for an accurate position update. SSCI's approach for position estimation employs segmentation, classification, and quantification techniques for position estimation. The segmented motion classes will be used as inputs to a transfer function that is aware of different scale factors for different motions. SSCI is teaming with Draper Labs for this effort. Draper Labs is one of the world’s premier sources of guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C) expertise and has the domain experience, advanced sensor technology, comprehensive algorithm and software design and development skills, and testing capabilities needed to support SSCI in the development of an improved and innovative personal navigation system.

Yotta Navigation Corporation
3365 Mauricia Avenue
Santa Clara, CA 95051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 242-7026
William Deninger
A10-093      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Intelligent Human Motion Detection Sensor
Abstract:Yotta Navigation proposes to develop a rugged, secure, compact, real-time human motion detection sensor. This navigation aid device will be suitable for military operations. Yotta Navigation’s approach will provide reliable positioning, attitude (orientation), and altitude (elevation) data at rates of up to 50 Hz, in the total absence of GPS. This device will augment and improve navigation equipment developed under the Future Force Warrior program. Each solider can be equipped with a compact, low-cost device. The primary function of the system is to measure, log, analyze and determine the current location, orientation, mode and posture of the soldier and securely communicate that information. The system will maximize the use of recent advances in commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components such as digital signal processors (DSP) and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies. Because the proposed SBIR solution can build on the existing Yotta MOUTman platform, a field-testable prototype system is achievable by the end of the Phase I. This Phase I effort will culminate in a high-quality proof-of-concept design, testable prototype, and quantifiable performance results. Yotta Navigation will provide (1) an extensive human motion profile database, (2) profile calculation and error estimation algorithms and (3) prototype devices at the conclusion of this Phase I effort.

Camgian Microsystems Corporation
2500 Maitland Center Parkway Suite 203
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 660-9900
Michael Hagedorn
A10-094      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Advanced Thermoelectric Milli-Power Source
Abstract:Energy can be harvested or scavenged from many environmental sources such as: solar, wind, vibrations, temperature gradients, etc. Two common issues related to environmental energy sources are limited/unpredictable availability and limited/unpredictable quantity. This proposal examines the requirements for the efficient harvesting of energy based on the temperature gradient that exists between the human skin and the surrounding environment. This source has the advantage that it is essentially available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The challenges of this work include quantifying and working with the low energy flux (mW/cm2) of the human body, the range of body-to-ambient temperature gradients (from a few degrees to tens of degrees centigrade), and the sensitivity of human tissue to extreme temperatures. This proposal will apply Camgian Microsystems’ low power design technology with RTI’s efficient thermo-electric technology to the solutions of these challenges.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Daniel Bock
A10-094      Awarded:12/3/2010
Title:Seebeck-Utilizing Charge-Collecting Undergarment Battery Unattended Source
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a new body-worn, energy-harvesting thermoelectric power source, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Seebeck-Utilizing Charge-Collecting Undergarment Battery Unattended Source (SUCCUBUS). This proposed device is based on a new thermal garment design that utilizes a new type of thermal electric material for high-efficiency thermal-to-electrical energy conversion, as well as POC’s power management system to control the power system including battery recharging, power supply to the electrical systems, and system monitoring. The innovation in new materials embedded within a spandex undergarment will enable the device to convert thermal energy at a rate of approximately 3 mW/cm^2/K^2, (or 12 mW/cm^2 at 2 K difference). This device offers a large amount of power to recharge Land Warrior battery systems, and power electronics directly, while cooling the soldier, and directly addresses the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SUCCUBUS by simulation and lab verification, with some off-the-shelf hardware, of the applicability of the technology to field use. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize and develop the components from Phase I, and deliver three prototype systems for testing.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7195
Eugene Rogan Creswick
A10-095      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:A Consistency Tool for User Interface Development
Abstract:Ensuring User Interface consistency is extremely difficult---manual review and developer coordination is required to achieve uniform interaction metaphors across operating systems, web browsers, applications, and disparate devices. This is complicated by the capabilities of various UI toolkits and specific devices, as well as the development choices of the application programmers. We propose a workflow that uses a Domain-Specific Language (termed the Semantic User Interface Markup, or SUIM) to represent user interface guidelines to produce executable code. This DSL is a wide-spectrum language: it can serve as a non-executable specification language for capturing the generic constraints of User Interface Guidelines; and yet it is also able to specify detailed screen descriptions and user interactions which can be directly translated into code. Portions of the user interfaces that are not defined by a 'specification' can be either refined by the DSL (by further additions to the specification) or left open, to be implemented by user code. Our design provides organizations with the ability to specify and distribute UI guidelines that can be integrated directly into the application development workflow, providing an unprecedented level of application consistency without restricting the programmer's development environment.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A10-095      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:LiquidApps®: Consistent Battle Command System Visualization through a Second Generation Model Based Approach
Abstract:We propose a comprehensive system to support the definition and governance of user interface (UI) standards, and to simplify compliance with standards across diverse platforms as designers create new UIs. However, we also allow platform-specific features to be exploited, so the consistency is in defined logical according to a meta-model that relates each platform to each other. New platforms that come to market in the future are easily integrated into LiquidApps through its meta-model. Thus designers can use artwork and graphical effects specific to a platform, yet insure the behavior and logical layout matches other platforms. Furthermore, our solution helps migrate a UI from one platform to another, and even accounts for different form factors (e.g., desktop to mobile device). The product is based on a UI design technology designed primarily under DoD funding, LiquidApps, which has proven itself in creating thousands of UIs for in DoD. Through using graphical editing environment LiquidApps allows the subject matter expert to design the user interfaces (within preset framework) even if they are not programmers, including definition of basic UI behavior. Code is automatically generated for programmers to refine into final applications. Standards are enforced through style sheets and reusable parts inventories.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
James P Novak
A10-096      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Nanotechnology Enabled Thermal Management Materials
Abstract:Modern power electronics operate with greater electrical output and smaller package dimensions than ever before. This creates tremendous thermal stress on the individual components and defines stringent requirements for thermal management. Applied Nanotech, Inc. will demonstrate its CarbAl(TM) thermal management composite for power electronic substrate replacements. CarbAl(TM) is a dense composite comprised of 80% carbon and 20% aluminum. This composite material has very low thermal expansion rates, a thermal diffusivity nearly three times that of bulk copper and a density close to aluminum. Through Nanotechnology we have developed this material to provide increased thermal transfer capabilities. These combined properties define a novel nanotechnology enabled composite that can be used to decrease the thermal load and overall package dimensions of power electronics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
A10-096      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Nanostructure-Enhanced Modular Cooler
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a nanotechnology-enhanced approach to improving the performance of the power electronics applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nanostructure-Enhanced Modular Cooler (NEMC) technology. This proposed system is based on the combination of an array of high-performance thermal superconductors for spot cooling the components and a wide-area fluidic nano-suspension thermal stabilization system, providing the thermal interface to the external air-cooled heatsink. The innovative maintenance-free NEMC design, utilizing the latest advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology and lacking any moving parts, will allow substantial increase in the continuous output power density of the power electronics components of military-grade power generator units, such as the deployable 3-kW Tactical Quiet Generators (TQG) currently used by the Army, enabling these diesel-driven generators to achieve over 20% higher power rating even in the most extreme tactical environments—including desert deployment—without sacrificing reliability and at minimal cost to the military. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of NEMC by analytically and numerically modeling the system and building a bench-top test prototype based on the simulation results. Experience gained from these tests will be utilized in constructing an optimized prototype in Phase II.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C.J.Reddy
A10-097      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a low-profile body-wearable VHF antenna (30MHz to 88MHz) for peer-to-peer communications. A requirement is that the antenna be fitted and practically integrated within the soldier's Improved Outer Tactical Vest (IOTV). Two antenna types are typically used for this application: a) a whip antenna with large visual signature that hinders soldier mobility, making it unattractive, 2) meandered antenna using a long coaxial wire (Mantenna) weaved into the IOTV. The latter antenna is attractive in terms of low profile, but its implementation has so far led to poor performance, well below achievable bandwidth and gain limits. In this SBIR effort, Applied EM and its team members are proposing an innovative antenna solution aimed at reaching optimal performance limits. The proposed body wearable antenna incorporates technologies that include a) Artificial Transmission Lines (ATL) and shaping for miniaturization, b) multi-stage impedance tuning, and c) very thin and lightweight ferrite shielding. The latter is placed between the antenna and body to mitigate body losses. More importantly, it plays a critical role in shielding the soldier's body from RF radiation without appreciable weight impact. Our focus will be on a body-wearable antenna system that is broadband, has optimal gain performance, ease of use, and fully integrated into the IOTV. Preliminary data demonstrate that our concept will lead to a mantenna that can reach near-optimal limits.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-5211
Dean Paschen
A10-097      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:The goals of this Phase I program are twofold. FIRST RF will demonstrate a broadband, VHF body-wearable antenna that is concealed and conformal. The antenna technology developed is designed to replace the currently-fielded 1-meter whip antenna used for communication in the SINCGARS radio band. Motivation for a body-wearable antenna stems from the large visual signature and significant impact on today’s warfighters imposed by these 1-meter whip antennas. The second goal of the proposed effort is to use a common test platform and environment to evaluate and characterize commercially-available wearable antenna technologies offered as alternatives to the 1-meter whip antenna. Evaluation will mainly be focused on the specific absorption rate (SAR) experienced by the user in addition to a comprehensive (quantitative and qualitative) characterization of electrical performance. Leveraging past development efforts, FIRST RF has established the professional experience and the tools to accurately determine radiation exposure levels through both simulation and measurement.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1071
James Lilly
A10-097      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:JEM proposes to research the feasibility of using Genetic Algorithm optimization and broadband matching techniques to develop and optimize a wideband (30-88 MHz) antenna for integration onto the Improved Outer Tactical Vest. JEM believes that these technologies can achieve performance similar to the 1-meter whip antenna within the same per-unit cost.

Cortix Systems
107 S. West Street PMB 443
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 501-2326
Matt Piekarczyk
A10-098      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Adapterless Information Consolidation
Abstract:Cortix Systems LLC proposes to develop a system which would provide real-time turn-key integration of Army's data systems without the need for development of custom adapters or configuration of mapping files. This system will be able to feed information to a dynamic user interface or serve as a core translator within system-of-systems architectures such as SOA.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 967-5079
Robert Wray
A10-098      Awarded:10/26/2010
Title:Adapterless Information Consolidation
Abstract:Sharing data between software systems developed at different times and with different functional goals has proven notoriously difficult. Today’s disparate software systems are still largely integrated via manual development of custom “adapter” software. Adapters increase integration and lifecycle costs, sometimes cause significant delays in useful access to source data, and introduce errors. The costs of adapter-based solutions are particularly acute for today’s Army due to increased costs, deployment delays, and the resulting impacts on tactical operations and missions. An “adapterless” approach to information sharing and consolidation would mitigate the costs and provide substantial benefit to the Army. Consolidation via Ontology-Driven Extraction, Semantic Mapping, and Adaptation for Real- World Translation (CODESMART) will provide an adaptable, scalable software component that collects information from arbitrary sources and translates it into common, readily accessible forms. Actionably-accurate semantic representations of the data within an application are created by using emerging methods and tools that formally model application domains and the software applications themselves. Recent advances in machine learning and agent reasoning provide a technical foundation to extend prior model-based extraction to make it sufficiently adaptable for fieldable use.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Izenson
A10-099      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:High Density Solid Hydrogen Storage for Long-Duration Soldier Power
Abstract:Providing power for dismounted soldiers on long-duration missions remains a critical technical challenge. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells convert hydrogen fuel directly to electric power and offer a lightweight and efficient power source for individual soldiers. However, technology for storing the hydrogen fuel is still too heavy to meet the Army’s mission requirements. We propose to develop a very lightweight, solid hydrogen storage technology based on ammonia borane (AB) (H3NBH3). Our innovation is a unique packaging and thermal control system that will produce hydrogen on demand through controlled thermal decomposition of AB. This approach can enable hydrogen fuel cartridges for individual soldier power systems that meet the Army’s challenging goals for hydrogen density. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach through laboratory demonstrations of hydrogen generation using a prototypical packaging approach, then use data from these tests to produce a mechanical design of a lightweight hydrogen fuel cartridge. In Phase II we will build a complete, prototype hydrogen generator and demonstrate its use as a fuel source for a PEM fuel cell.

Jadoo Power Systems, Inc.
181 Blue Ravine Road Suite 120
Folsom, CA 95630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 608-9044
Richard Milson
A10-099      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Solid Hydrogen Fuel Cartridges
Abstract:As technologies emerge that enhance the capabilities of the warfighter and his support elements, the demand for electrical energy grows proportionally. Battery storage capacities, while significant, limit the mission longevity of dismounted soldiers because of the weight in batteries required during deployment. A solution to this problem is the development of a solid hydrogen fuel system that provides clean hydrogen on demand to fuel cell based power systems. By leveraging on-going work, a new system design is proposed for demonstration and optimization. The resulting compact 50W power system will have an improved fuel cell stack design that minimizes system BOP and fuel system specific energies ranging from 630-940W-hr/kg depending on fuel cartridge geometry. Key to the success of this program is the assessment of fuel solutions and identification of candidates possessing the properties which permit minimal packaging in lightweight cartridges. Success of this program will result demonstration of a rugged 50W power system fueled by a solid hydrogen cartridge containing >4wt% packaged hydrogen contained in a BA-5390 footprint. Deployment of these systems will result in dramatic improvements in critical mission weight and runtimes, with better reliability and performance in extreme environments.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Nathanael Kim
A10-100      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:High-Resolution Standoff Face Capture
Abstract:To address the Army need for remote biometrics capture, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new High-Resolution Standoff Face Capture (HISFAC) system for noncooperative moving subjects. It is based on our innovative ultrasuperpixel array and instantaneous zoom with wide field-of-view. Its innovations enable users to capture face images of noncooperative fast-moving personnel on a superpixel array at unprecedented, telescopic, 4.3 mm (H) and 1.6 mm (V) resolution at 200 m standoff over a 30 degree FOV at a single capture, without optical or mechanical zooming. HISFAC captures biometrics instantaneously, irrespective of subjects’ activities or orientation. The optics can capture moving subjects (20 km/h) without motion blur, and the software detects faces and extracts/converts them to any Electronic Biometric Transmission Specification for database comparison, not only performing automated embedded recognition against a watch list, but also reconstructing 3D facial models from data for comparison against large databases. The package is 6 in. (dia) x 8 in. (long), and <5 lb. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HISFAC by designing and testing functional HISFAC components in a laboratory testbed. In Phase II we plan to design, fabricate, and test a fully functional prototype in a realistic environment

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
A10-100      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Standoff-Biometric for Non-Cooperative Moving Subjects
Abstract:Overall biometric system performance depends on data quality, the strength of the biometric matching algorithms, the compatibility of the data quality with the matching algorithms, and the overall quality of the integrated system. For long-range face image acquisition and processing for tactical biometrics, there are many issues to consider for these dependencies, both obvious and subtle. Our team has spent the previous decade working on this exact problem and brings to this effort the best research and technology available for tactical biometrics. Securics, Inc. is the industry leader in long-range facial biometrics. For this effort, we have partnered with Animetrics Inc., the leading developer of next-generation 2D-to-3D face recognition and face creation solutions. This proposed effort will focus on collecting high quality long-range biometric data from an integrated system perspective, and provide the most accurate 2D-to-3D matching system available in any domain.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Chadwick Cox
A10-101      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Virtual Machine Technologies for Intelligence and Warfighting Applications
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will deliver a Virtual Machine (VM) solution to the U.S. Army, leveraging the advantages of this technology to meet the unique needs of this information-centric, warfighting organization. AAC will consolidate an existing set of server applications, migrating the system to more practical hardware while maintaining all system functions. Advanced VM capabilities will be developed to enable hot swapping and traffic management under strict performance requirements. This technology will benefit the DCGS-A, JUMPS, and similar C4ISR-related programs.

VORTECHX Appllied Technologies
127 Monmouth Ave
Atlantic Highlands, NJ 07716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 291-6025
Matthew Bolt
A10-101      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Repeatable Virtualization of Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) System Servers
Abstract:The expanding demand for Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) information, analysis, and real-time data to support the warfighter activities has resulted in an increasing number of multiple systems, applications, data sources and stores. This increased capabilities need has the potential to overwhelm the physical footprints to deploy the servers, data storage devices and communications gear. With limited space, storage, and computational capabilities it is becoming more difficult to deploy new and more capable systems. Unfortunately, the newer systems do not always maintain the legacy systems capabilities and this could adversely affect the warfighter mission. An approach to this problem that has worked in the commercial world is to instantiate a virtualization environment wherein existing infrastructure is multi-purposed through the use of tools like VMware®. Virtualization of large commercial environments has demonstrated savings in energy use, physical footprints, maintenance costs, application deployment effort and costs. In addition, virtualization has demonstrated increased uptime and reliability of the computing environment. A virtualization approach is proposed for a test and evaluation ISR system that currently resides on multiple servers distributed through the development facility and at a remote site. In order to demonstrate the capability of a deployment ready virtual environment.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7187
Dylan McNamee
A10-102      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Low-Cost, High Assurance Separation Kernel
Abstract:Previous separation kernels have been based on safety-critical, real-time embedded operating systems meeting the FAA's DO-178B certification criteria. We believe that these systems' heritage emphasizes trustworthiness over cost, and results in a solution better suited for embedded environments. We propose to build a separation kernel middleware layer on top of a COTS or open source capability-based microkernel. We will include low cost in the criteria for systems to evaluate. To meet the high assurance requirement we will develop or re-use formal methods artifacts for the microkernel, and extend them with formal methods artifacts for the middleware.

Solute, Inc.
4250 Pacific Highway Suite 211
San Diego, CA 92110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 758-9900
Michael MacFadden
A10-102      Awarded:9/29/2010
Title:Low Cost High Assurance Separation Kernel
Abstract:The development and certification strategies of existing commercially available separation kernels (SK) rely on the costly retrofitting of safety critical (DO-178B) operating systems, to meet the requirements of the NSA approved U.S. Government Separation Kernel Protection Profile in Environments Requiring High Robustness (SKPP). SOLUTE’s innovative approach focuses on the development of a SK architecture, which from the ground up meets the High Robustness requirements of the SKPP and defines cost minimization as a central principle. SOLUTE has partnered with DSD Information Assurance Labs (A National Information Assurance Partnership (NIAP) accredited testing laboratory) and GDC4S to ensure that the architectural development process is optimized for low cost certification at all stages.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery, Jr.
A10-103      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Integrated Counter-Mine/Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and Command and Control (C2) Capabilities
Abstract:Installation of a counter IED jammer system on each individual Army vehicle has caused electromagnetic interference between the jammer and friendly communication systems. A fundamental enabling technology called active interference cancellation, which enables simultaneous jamming and communication capabilities under changes in the threat conditions and operating environment is needed. In this program GIRD Systems will perform a trade study and simulation effort to identify various mitigation techniques and evaluate their performance to the interference situation described in the solicitation. Based on customer input and system requirements, the most promising technologies and those with the greatest potential for performance improvement will be selected for further development in the Phase II portion of this program.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1612
Thomas R. Halford
A10-103      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:JADIC: Joint Analog and Digital Interference Cancellation
Abstract:TrellisWare proposes a joint analog and digital interference cancellation (JADIC) solution that will enable electromagnetic compatibility between counter-IED RF jammers and multiple friendly RF systems -- with a particular focus on Blue Force Tracker and UHF SATCOM signals. Analog-only approaches to interference cancellation (IC) provide insufficient jammer signal suppression, while optical IC solutions have thus far been proven only for narrowband signals in controlled laboratory environments. TrellisWare therefore proposes to augment existing analog IC technology with a powerful Digital Interference Cancellation Engine (DICE) that employs such advanced signal processing techniques as Per-Survivor Processing (PSP) and Adaptive Iterative Detection (AID) to extract -- with high probability -- the signal-of-interest from the residual signal output by the analog IC circuit.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Jason Kriesel
A10-104      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Remote Human Identification and Intent Determination from Thermal Infrared Imagery
Abstract:Recent advances in thermal infrared sensors and image analysis techniques have opened up the possibility of performing automated covert human identification and intent analysis both day and night. Specific persistent thermal signatures on the face have been proven to provide an unobtrusive, robust method of identifying individuals, and separate transitory signatures offer a proven means of determining stress and deceit in individuals. However, the majority of previous work has involved cooperative subjects under controlled conditions. During this project, these proven techniques will be extended and expanded upon to enable identification and intent analysis of uncooperative subjects at relatively long stand-off distances (e.g., 100 m) under a variety of environmental conditions.

Princeton Nanotechnology Systems LLC
11 Deer Park Drive Suite 102-I
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9552
Dorothy Horber
A10-104      Awarded:12/23/2010
Title:Compact Scalable Signature Collection and Exploitation System for Non-Cooperative Moving Subjects
Abstract:Princeton Nanotechnology Systems (PNTS) has teamed with researchers from Wright State University, Dayton, OH, to provide a novel, comprehensive response to SBIR Topic A10-104 entitled, “Compact Scalable System for Human Identification and State Assessment.” In this Phase I SBIR program, we propose to investigate the feasibility of a multipurpose, multispectral system that captures, extracts, classifies and exploits human signatures for 1) use as biometrics to recognize identity; and 2) human affective (emotional) state assessment to identify stress/hostile intent. Given the myriad sensor technologies potentially useful for these tasks, the team’s extensive experience across the electromagnetic spectrum, ranging from microwave and terahertz through infrared, visible light, x-ray and gamma-ray wavelengths, will be leveraged to define an optimal suite of architectured solutions. By coupling WSU expertise in radiation physics, sensor hardware, image processing algorithm development, human anatomy and physiology, human modeling and the psychology of emotion, with the expertise of PNTS in developing and delivering practical solutions to challenging DoD-relevant problems, we will transition laboratory-based human signature science to valuable commercial products, with application to security, surveillance, medical, educational and social domains.

Airtronics
1822 S Research Loop
Tucson, AZ 85710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 881-3982
Frank Oliver
A10-105      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Heuristic-based Prognostic and Diagnostic Methods to Enhance Intelligent Power Management for Tactical Electric Power Generator Sets
Abstract:Tactical Generators are profuse consumers of fuel. As the generators wear, fuel consumption increases. Increases in fuel consumption mean more logistics demand and delivery of fuel through potentially hostile areas to forward tactical bases represents an operational challenge. Sustainment of Army operations, which make large demands on power, becomes dependent on sustainment of the power generation and management system. Airtronics Inc partners with RadioData Corporation and outlines a plan to develop a generator diagnostics and prognostics system

Williams-Pyro,Inc.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Chris Stimek
A10-105      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Heuristic-based Prognostic and Diagnostic Methods to Enhance Intelligent Power Management for Tactical Electric Power Generator Sets
Abstract:Current Joint Operations in the Middle East have highlighted the need for increased system reliability and reduced petroleum consumption as both a cost reduction and force protection mechanism in the tactical battlefield. Williams-Pyro, Inc., is proposing to develop the Generator Fault Investigation Technology (GenFIT) system to perform diagnostics and prognostics on diesel generators with the end result of helping the Army achieve its HI- Power goals through reducing generator down time, improving fuel efficiency, and reducing emissions. The GenFIT system will be able to easily integrate with deployed TQGs to provide diagnostic and prognostic information to maintenance personnel, reducing the time required to service these generators. Many existing condition-based maintenance (CBM) systems are extremely complex, relying on neural networks and pattern recognition algorithms that need large amounts of equipment-specific training data. In contrast, Williams-Pyro is proposing to use a top-down approach to develop a first order diagnostics and prognostics methodology based on heuristic models derived from an understanding of diesel generator operating principals, observed generator performance values, and known generator parameters. The technology developed will be able to identify long-term generator performance degradation as well as reduce fuel consumption and emissions through proper maintenance and operation of the generator.

(ES3) Engineering & Software System Solution, Inc.
550 West C Street, Suite 1630
San Diego, CA 92101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 338-0320
Daniele Pelessone
A10-106      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Modeling of concrete failure under blast and fragment loading
Abstract:The defense community is extremely interested in developing numerical methodologies for predicting the dynamic response of concrete materials under extreme loading conditions. This capability would make it possible to use computer software for simulating events of interest, such as the response of concrete structures or structural components to blast and fragment impact. Over the years, substantial effort has been invested in researching analytical models and methods to develop this capability. Most of this effort has focused on in improving methodologies that are based on continuum mechanics. However, (classical) continuum mechanics is not well suited for the simulation of concrete failure and post-failure behavior. This is mainly due to the non-homogenous nature of concrete as well as the discontinuous nature of fracture and fragmentation. To overcome these limitations, ES3 and Prof. Cusatis at RPI have jointly formulated and implemented a new innovative methodology: the Lattice Discrete Particle Model (LDPM). LDPM is a methodology that treats concrete at the meso-scale, the scale of the largest aggregate pieces. LDPM models the heterogeneities in concrete and is capable of simulating discrete cracking leading to fragmentation in a physically realistic fashion. The research that ES3 is proposing under this SBIR will address three main issues: • Formulation of LDPM multiscale-multiphysics framework, • Fiber-concrete, rebar-concrete interaction, and • Small scale fragmentation at high strain rates. In Phase I of this SBIR we will evaluate new or improved analytical models and determine the technical feasibility of the proposed concepts.

Multiscale Design Systems, LLC
280 Park Ave South Apt 22M
New York, NY 10010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 496-0173
Zheng Yuan
A10-106      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Multiscale Modeling of Concrete Failure under Blast and Fragment Loading using a Coupled LDPM-RKPM Method
Abstract:While single scale models (either discrete or continuum) provide useful insight into the physics of concrete fragmentation process they become intractable for practical structural application in particular for Very High Strength Concrete (VHSC) having small aggregate size and Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC) where resolving the details of fiber-concrete interactions is critical to assess the structural performance under extreme conditions. To successfully address the complexities of predicting the performance of VHSC and FRC, Prof. Fish and Dr. Yuan from MDS, LLC with expertise and record of accomplishments in developing integrated multiscale design software for heterogeneous material systems have teamed up with Prof. JS Chen from UCLA who has extensive experience in fracture and fragmentation of concrete structures subjected to blast and fragment loading. In Phase I, we will: 1. Assess existing computational models including LDPM, RKPM and reduced order homogenization models for simulating blast and fragmentation loading on VHSC, FRC, and other types of special concrete materials and cementitious composites; 2. Identify shortcoming of existing methodologies and formulate predictive multiscale strategy for future development based on combination of LDPM and RKPM in which LDPM provides the lower order approximation of cement-aggregate behavior, while RKPM is introduced as an enrichment of LDPM to account for the effects of small aggregate and fiber reinforcement. 3. Perform preliminary verification and validation studies that compare the feasibility of the proposed multiscale methodology including: (a) calibration against test data in collaboration with DTRA and ERDC and (b) initial demonstrations on out-of-plane compression tests and low velocity impact tests. In Phase II, the LDPM-RKPM approach will be combined with the computational continua methodology to account for dynamic effects in RVE problem and the eigendeformation approach to maximize computational efficiency by constructing residual free fields.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4886
Alex Vasenkov
A10-107      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Information System and User Model for Predictive Analysis of Nano-Material Attributes
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will develop an information system and design a nano-Toolkit with data-mining and predictive models for accelerated risk assessment of engineered nanomaterial attributes. It was recently shown that nanomaterials used in warfighter technologies may be responsible for significant human health and environmental risks. For example, researchers at the Army’s Engineer Research and Development Center have recently found that nanoscale metal-oxide particles are more toxic than micron-sized particles. The further progress in rapid and reliable prediction of nanomaterial toxicity is limited by (1) limited integration or use of data from published literature for predicting attributes of new materials, and (2) a lack of models to predict unavailable attributes. Those deficiencies will be addressed in the proposed work. During Phase I, utilizing CFDRC complementary expertise, we propose to develop a wiki style information system linked to a nano-Toolkit integrating models with different level of details from Quantum Mechanic based ReaxFF model to quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) algorithms. In Phase II, the information system and nano-Toolkit will be further developed, and demonstrated to predict environmental attributes (degradation potential, fate in soils, toxicity, and bioaccumulation potential) of engineered nanomaterials of direct interest to DoD.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
A10-107      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:A Model Driven Data Mining System for Studying Environmental Impact of Nanomaterials
Abstract:As more and more engineered nanomaterials (NM) have been developed for military usage, it is crucial to minimize any unintended environmental impacts (NEI) resulting from the application of manufactured NM. NEI risk assessment models, whether conceptual or predictive in nature, will give decision-makers the tools to grapple with the nearly infinite forms of possible NM, as well as explore the effects of various risk mitigation strategies. IAI proposes to develop a Model driven Data Mining System for studying Environmental Impact of Nanomaterials, namely NEIMiner (Nano Environmental Impact Miner). NEIMiner consists of four components. First, the conceptual model of environmental impact of nanomaterials adopts the framework of consortium modeling with a critical subset of models focused on exposure to NM and their bioavailability in the environment. Second, a CMS based information system is proposed to collect, store, manage, and search all the multi-modal data in an integrated system. Third, the data mining process based on IAI’s ABMiner is proposed to discover models for the modeling framework. Fourth, the model composition is proposed to build complex models.

Cyberneutics, Inc.
503 Mountain Lake Avenue
Pearisburg, VA 24134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 242-3386
Patricia A. Craig-Hart
A10-108      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Self-organizing Immersive Local Knowledge (SILK)
Abstract:Cyberneutics, Inc. is teamed with the University of Arkansas Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST) to develop Self-organizing Immersive Local Knowledge (SILK) to enable geospatial analysis with qualitative data. SILK is based on an underlying representation for qualitative topography combining autonomous self-organizing data structures, local knowledge containing multiple socio-cultural perspectives, and immersive user experience, which retains the power of Cartesian rigor inherent in traditional geographic information systems. Current efforts to extend GIS functionality all rely on manual generation of metadata (e.g., geocoding, categorizing, and tagging) for qualitative information artifacts. Analysis based on human-massaged qualitative data that is trapped in cartographic representation cannot supply users with unique socio-cultural perspectives critical to generating non-kinetic courses of action. SILK’s transdisciplinary approach draws on swarm intelligence theory and leading edge e-commerce techniques. Self-directed qualitative data wrappers that populate the SILK environment with human terrain artifacts are enabled by social foraging theory and stigmergic collaboration. SILK’s ontological framework, which supplies warfighters with tacit knowledge of local culture, is based on collective intelligence and collaborative filtering techniques. Our immersive geospatial interface for visualization and analysis of qualitative data is based on a collaborative prioritization and peering approach that improves over time as a function of use.

Securboration Inc
1050 W NASA Blvd Suite 154
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 591-7371
Bruce McQueary
A10-108      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Developing Capabilities for the Visualization and Analysis of Qualitative Data within Geographic Information Systems
Abstract:Understanding the dynamics of today’s operational environment requires collection and analysis of nontraditional, qualitative intelligence that current GIS options cannot support. To bridge quantitative GIS and these emerging qualitative sources, and apply it to arguably the most pressing operational situation, Securboration proposes to develop the Stability and Reconstruction GIS, or STARGIS. Securboration are experts in automating the extraction, storage, and geovisualization of qualitative data and using it to geoanalyze progress in stability related operations. To complement our technical expertise we are teaming with renowned geographer Dr. Meghan Cope, Chair of the Geography Department at the University of Vermont. Dr. Cope has performed seminal research in qualitative GIS that includes co-authoring the book Qualitative GIS: A Mixed Methods Approach (London: Sage Publications, 2009). As a supporting data set Securboration will leverage our ongoing related work from the Measuring Progress In Conflict Environments program (MPICE – Afghanistan 2010 Framework). MPICE defines a framework of qualitative and quantitative stability related goals, indicators, and measures, making it an ideal data set for STARGIS. Currently, the MPICE focus has been on metrics definition and corresponding data collection. STARGIS presents the opportunity and transition path to store, visualize, and analyze MPICE results using a qualitative GIS approach.

ASPEN AEROGELS, INC.
30 Forbes Road Building B
Northborough, MA 01532
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 466-3114
Roxana Trifu
A10-109      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Advanced Aerogel Composites for Low Signature Base Camp Shelters
Abstract:Base camps require reduction in heat signature to maintain low-observable capabilities. Both warfighters and sustainment forces within the base camps generate characteristic heat signatures that can reveal the location, presence of personnel and electronic equipment, and may provide some indication of activities and OPTEMPO. Aspen Aerogels, with partner Qinetiq North America, proposes to develop a shelter skin system that combines the thermal barrier properties of aerogel insulation with other heat dissipating technologies to shield base camp structures from heat signature observation. Aspen Aerogels will develop a unique, flexible aerogel formulation which will be combined with other thermal regulating technologies to deliver a shelter with highly reduced heat signature. The Aspen solution will capitalize on the company’s past success utilizing the advantages of aerogel’s extremely low thermal conductivity to provide a revolutionary material for thermal management of base camp structures. This innovation will be integrated with other heat dissipation and renewable power production and storage technologies to deliver thermal cloaking capabilities to Army Base Camps. Partnering with Qinetiq North America will expand technology reach, analysis capabilities, composite manufacturing, and highly-competent integration expertise to bring this innovation from concept to commercialization.

LGarde, Inc.
15181 Woodlawn Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 259-0771
Linden Bolisay
A10-109      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Sustainable Materials to Reduce Heat Signatures of Base Camps
Abstract:There is a need for base camps to reduce their heat signature to maintain a low-observable (or stealth) capabilities. Without masking the heat signature, enemy units can easily determine the location of base camps, presence of personnel and electronic equipment within the camp, as well as the type of activities occurring within the camp and OPTEMPO. Incorporation of a versatile, high strength/high stiffness insulation material with solid state thermoelectric cooling devices embedded in the insulation material may fulfill the need to reduce the heat signature. The proposed concept design is an integrated combination of two separate sub-systems. One sub-system is an energy harvesting panel designed to be placed on the external tent surface. The second sub-system is an insulating/cooling panel designed to be placed in the internal tent surface. The main advantages of using panels include the ease of incorporation with existing base camp structures resulting in low cost upgrades and packageability, which is very important for temporary structures. Once the base camp is established, these panels can be easily retrofit to the exterior and interior of a tent structure. Since these structures are light weight and collapsible, they can be easily transported from station to station.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4892
David Newsome
A10-110      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Desktop Application for Assessment of Environmentally Important Chemical Aspects of Military Compounds
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR program is to integrate scientific programs and associated databases within a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-driven wrapper to facilitate their use by the Army to assess the fate and transport of munitions and their effect on human health. The GUI will help ease data transfer between the programs, reducing the scope of user error and increasing productivity. In Phase I, CFDRC will demonstrate the proof-of-concept by designing and developing a preliminary desktop application manifested with a GUI. The GUI wrapper will have the options to retrieve information from a database and create new entries in the database. We plan to implement a reaction manager to create reaction mechanisms that can be used in kinetic modeling. A preliminary protocol for client-server communications will be implemented, which is aimed to facilitate the execution of CPU intensive computations on high-performance servers while running smaller jobs in the desktop. Finally, a molecule viewer will be integrated to view molecular structures stored in the database. In Phase II, Quantitative Structure Activity Relations (QSAR), quantum chemistry, and kinetic modeling programs will be seamlessly integrated with the database via the GUI wrapper.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Marcus Hanwell
A10-110      Awarded:11/2/2010
Title:Open, Cross Platform Chemistry Application
Abstract:This project aims to create an open, cross platform desktop application for chemistry. The focus in Phase I will be on developing a prototype application around stand-alone programs and databases used by ERDC researchers in connection with environmentally important aspects of military compounds. This involves collaboration with the developers of GAMESS to leverage its functionality, specifically for physical property prediction. Existing open source frameworks will be leveraged to provide both the standard chemical structure representations, and novel visualizations using cutting edge visualization techniques. The application will use stand-alone computational tools for physical property prediction and databases with experimental and predicted properties. Integration with HPC resources will be prototyped in Phase I, along with structure manipulation, input generation and novel visualization techniques. Phase II will move towards a tightly integrated cross platform application, integrating best of breed external programs and databases into a cohesive application acting as the center of the computational chemist's workflow. The application will be extended to implement a client-server architecture in order to enable generation and analysis of large data sets. An open, extensible, world class plaform for the manipulation, visualization and analysis of chemical data will be developed.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
A10-111      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Non-rotating Wind Energy Generator
Abstract:Agiltron, Inc. and Engineering & Scientific Innovations, Inc. propose a new non-rotating wind energy generator, based upon our extensive R&D experiences on aerodynamics, electromagnetic generators, and power management. The generator will have a total volume less than 9 cubic meters, total weight much less than 300kg, and generate more than 3kW at wind velocity of 10 m/s. The design is highly-mobile with minimal setup effort because of the wide acceptance angle for wind direction. It is also inconspicuous because of the camouflage, minimal acoustic and electromagnetic disturbance to the surrounding environment. Depending on the available wind resource, the generator will operate in standby or power-generating modes, and it will always have a net-gain in energy (power generated is always greater than consumed). The technical approach will be proved in Phase I through the numerical analysis, design, prototype fabrication, and wind-tunnel testing. Portable prototypes of non-rotating wind generator will be produced in Phase II for delivery to the Army.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
A10-111      Awarded:11/3/2010
Title:Wind Energy Transforming Electrostatic Reaper
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an inconspicuous, non-rotating compact wind energy system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wind Energy Transforming Electrostatic Reaper (WETER). This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes in-house developed components and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in electret-based technology and use of a new material with an extremely high capacity for an implanted electric charge will enable the system to generate >3 kW of electric power at a wind speed of 10 m/s in a volume <9 m^3. As a result, this system offers high power density, lightweight modular design, and zero consumption of any materials, which directly address the TRADOC Pam 525-66 and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ERDC/CERL requirements for a wind-driven power generator for operating at base camps. In Phase I, POC will evaluate the WETER electro-kinetic approach to wind energy conversion by means of identifying design and manufacturing methods capable of delivering 1.5 to 3 kW of power with a wind resource of 10 m/s and demonstrate the feasibility of WETER system by demonstration of conceptual prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to design and fabricate the prototype of WETER system.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
Xiaoliang (George) Zhao
A10-112      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Miniature Low power Multi-parameter Wireless Sensor Network for Infrastructure
Abstract:Infrastructure and equipment health monitoring are becoming increasingly important. There is a need to provide a cost effective means to not only inspect a significant number of structures but to also prioritize situations where immediate maintenance actions will result in a major reduction in renewal and repair costs over the lifetime of the structure. That would require the use of sensors for monitoring structural integrity in combination with environmental severity. To reduce manual inspection costs, the system should provide the ability to remotely access data and provide a clear actionable output. We propose to develop a multi-parameter wireless smart sensor network for infrastructures. It includes distributed wireless sensor nodes for monitoring and mapping environmental load that communicate with central gateway nodes. The environmental load wireless sensor node is a miniature low power sensor node that includes a suite of sensors and communicates through IEEE 1451 protocols to the gateway node. The sensor gateway node collects the sensor node data and performs the diagnosis on the structure condition. The gateway node will send the information to a nearby crossing vehicle or maintenance staff wirelessly, or to a remote office for further analysis.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Fritz Friedersdorf
A10-112      Awarded:4/15/2011
Title:Ultra-low Power Wireless Sensors for Advanced, In Situ Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:The ability to monitor infrastructure such as bridges, storage tanks, pipelines and buildings is critical to enhancing safety, reliability, and overall structural integrity of existing and future military structural deployments. In order to reduce the need for costly scheduled maintenance while also preventing the potentially catastrophic failure of such structures, a multi-mode distributed sensor network must be developed that provides a full view of the structure’s state of health. To accomplish this, Luna proposes the development of an ultra-low power wireless sensor network for advanced, in situ structural health monitoring. This network will be made up of devices operating off of harvested energy sources (solar, vibration, thermal, etc.), will measure both environmental and mechanical parameters, and will support advanced diagnostics and prognostics for predicting structural health and remaining useful life. Existing Luna technologies will be leveraged and enhanced to rapidly achieve the technical goals of the program and advance the commercialization of this technology. Luna will utilize years of experience in corrosion, environmental and structural health monitoring and will team with Purdue University’s Center for Systems Integrity to provide a fully functional prototype system at the end of the Phase I effort.

Ashwin-Ushas Corporation, Inc.
9 Red Coach Ln
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 739-1122
Prasanna Chandrasekhar
A10-113      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Functionalized-Conducting-Polymer - Microporous-Membrane Based Voltammetric Sensor Skins With High Selectivity/Sensitivity, Multiple Analyte Sensing i
Abstract:In unrelated ongoing work, this firm has developed, for a wide variety of applications (including warfighters’ clothing in CBD environments for DTRA), a unique, patented technology that has, as its core, metalized microporous membranes functionalised with conducting polymers, in what are essentially electrochemical devices. These breathable, lightweight (800 g/m^2), conducting-polymer-based "skins" are readily convertible to voltammetric sensors with a surface (i.e., sensing) area far larger than possible with fiber- based sensors, CHEMFETS or other alternatives. Coupled with very selective dopants or bio derivatives, they also yield far higher selectivity/sensitivity than alternatives. Operating temperatures are (-)60 to (+)90 C with ionic liquid electrolytes developed for the spacecraft application. With sophisticated, inexpensive interrogation and processing possible with voltammetric data (sharp differentiation of proximate peaks), the sensors have far greater selectivity and sensitivity than alternative technologies. Voltammetric interrogation can be built into an inexpensive, programmable, battery-powered microcontroller, with low power consumption (micro-W/cm2), sensing multiple analytes in one interrogation. Preliminary work carried out specifically for this proposal with agent simulants is cited. The proposed work will fabricate, test sensors with a number of variables (dopants, bio-derivatives, voltammetric interrogation waveforms), to identify sensors with the best selectivity/sensitivity.

Seacoast Science, Inc
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 268-0083
Sanjay V. Patel
A10-113      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Chemical sensing patch with woven conductive fibers
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR, Seacoast Science proposes to develop a chemical sensor array based on conductive fibers and chemically sensitive materials that are compatible with being woven into a patch. The use of flexible circuitry and conductive fibers to interconnect the sensing sites to the readout circuit allows for a thin, lightweight system, and the use of polymer- composite materials as sensors means that the sensor will be small and require very little power to measure. Conductive fabrics and fibers can be woven to provide the necessary conductive pathways for power and data. Therefore patch will be small and lightweight and provide warfighters with a disposable detector system that does not increase their burden significantly. The modular design and ability to tune the sensors to specific target chemical classes means the device can easily be adapted to civilian or industrial detection applications, such as an industrial chemical monitor, similar to the radiation dosimeter worn by nuclear workers.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10306 Sausalito Dr
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Swapnajit Chakravarty
A10-114      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Monolithic Photonic Crystal On-Chip Spectrometer for Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims at developing a commercially viable, 50 micron long lab-on-chip photonic crystal monolithically integrated, light-weight and easily portable infrared spectrometer for diode laser absorption spectroscopy of chemical warfare simulant triethylphosphate. Defect engineered photonic crystals, with sub micron dimensions have already demonstrated high sensitivity to trace volumes of analytes; however exact identification of analyte through spectroscopic signatures has not been demonstrated. Our device provides a factor of 2000 reduction in optical interaction length with the analyte compared to conventional waveguides leading to enhanced optical absorption by analytes in the optical path. By measuring absorption differences in presence and absence of triethylphosphate, presence of triethylphosphate is determined. The fabrication platform ensures easy monolithic integration of infrared lasers, detectors and spectrometer with high volume and low cost production. Our device is light-weight and miniature, and allows easy portability and extremely versatile. Our technology can be extended to spectroscopy of any gas in multiple application areas and markets.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Michael B. Frish
A10-114      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Monolithic Integrated-Optic TDLAS Sensors and Networks
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop prototype chip-scale low-power integrated optic gas-phase chemical sensors, based on infrared Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS). TDLAS is able to sense many TICs and CWAs with high sensitivity and selectivity, and low false alarm rate. Each envisioned device will sense one targeted chemical; several devices working in tandem will sense several chemicals. Novel gas sensing elements using solid-state optical waveguides will permit monolithic integration of a laser source, sampling section, and detector on a semiconductor materials system substrate. Use of semiconductor fabrication and assembly techniques will enable low-cost mass production, so that many hundreds or thousands of such sensors can be distributed cost-effectively over a wide area of interest and communicate among each other via a wireless network. By the completion of Phase III, these miniature sensors will be configured in cellphone-size packages making them rugged enough for dropping from an airplane and operable for at least several days when powered by self-contained batteries. Phase I will evaluate a novel passively-cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser source that is a key enabling component, and will quantify expected detection limits.

eSpin Technologies, Inc.
7151 Discovery Drive
Chattanooga, TN 37416
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 267-6266
Jayesh Doshi
A10-115      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Manufacturing Development of Biomimetic Tissue Engineering Scaffolds
Abstract:In the last decade, researchers have investigated nanofiber based medical vehicles for various biomedical applications. The challenge is to produce nanofiber vehicles outside laboratory environment for clinical trial. This proposed effort is targeted at developing a cGMP compliant prototype process to demonstrate manufacturing of tissue scaffold. During PhaseI, an innovative scaffold will be made using an electrospinning process from biodegradable polymer. The scaffold will be manufactured to meet the design specifications pertaining to applications like bone regeneration, grafts, among other applications. Electrospun fibersize, web thickness, pore size, and mechanical properties will be controlled to meet design specs. An innovative sterilization method will be developed to make these scaffold sterile. During the OPTION phase, we will develop design specification for pilot machine, develop a cost model covering material, manufacturing, and return on investment for capital investment in the pilot line. The model will provide material cost during clinical trial phase. Additionally, data would be gathered for device master file and packaging methodology will be investigated for packing and shipping of tissue scaffold. The END game is to have a facility to meet the production capacity with varied capability to provide tissue scaffold material for clinical trial at military and civilian sites.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Greg Slavik
A10-115      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Scaleable Microfabrication of Random Network Fiber Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
Abstract:Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc. (TA&T) proposes a novel fabrication process for producing fibrous network scaffolds suitable for connective tissue engineering. The process leverages microfabrication technologies that have matured for large volume production of micro- and nano-scale devices in the semiconductor and micro-electrical mechanical systems (MEMS) industries but have seen limited application in biological systems. Particularly, soft lithographic techniques and automated deposition will be employed for a cost effective manufacturing process that is inherently scalable. The proposed technology will directly control the size and morphology of difficult to process natural biopolymers on the microscale to produce engineered scaffolds.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4245
Fang Li
A10-116      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:Integrated Hybrid Sensor/Microfluidic Chip for Cellular Toxicity Sensing
Abstract:Recently, cell-based biosensors, such as electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS), have been used as toxicity sensors for rapid monitoring of a wide range of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) in drinking waters. However, several limitations existing in current cell-based toxicity sensors prevent their use in the field. For example, the large size of the chip and media demands limits its application for assessment of field drinking water supplies. The maintenance of viable cells on the chips for long periods of time prior to testing is problematic. Also, the current toxicity sensor uses only a single sensing endpoint (impedance). With the advances in lab-on-a-chip technologies, cell maintenance systems that are integrated into the chip become possible. Therefore, it is highly desirable to merge advances in label-free multiparametric cellular sensing with microfluidic technology to develop a truly field portable fluidic chip with integrated supporting elements that can improve long-term cell maintenance and cytotoxicity sensing capabilities for field use. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), along with our collaborators Prof. Qing- Ming Wang at University of Pittsburgh, propose to develop an integrated impedance/acoustic sensor system with capabilities of long-term cell maintenance.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2509
Blaine Butler
A10-116      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Encapsulated Cell Microfluidic Sensor for Water Toxin Detection
Abstract:Luna Innovations will determine the feasibility of developing an encapsulated cell based microfluidic sensor device that has an extended cell viability lifetime, requires no external power for cell maintenance, and is capable of detecting a wide array of water contaminants, toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) using multiple cytotoxicity endpoints. The proposed encapsulated cell technology will provide significant improvements in cell lifetime, operational stability, and decreased maintenance requirements, resulting in a transportable easy to operate, low power, field ready device. During Phase I Luna will demonstrate stable electrical impedance performance of encapsulated cells for a minimum of 45days with significant reduction in maintenance requirements. Phase II will focus on increasing cell lifetime, >90 days, removing the fluid pump system from the transportation unit, integrating temperature stability, detection and analysis systems into the portable unit, demonstrating sensitivity to a wide range of TICs for both colorometric and impedance sensing, and constructing a prototype for delivery to the U.S. Army. Concurrently, Luna will be working to adapt the encapsulated cell electrodes as sensor devices for other non-military applications, including water utilities at the state and local levels and other pharmacological toxicity testing.

Techshot, Inc.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Alan Constance
A10-117      Awarded:12/17/2010
Title:Manufacturing Development of Allogeneic Stem Cells in Clinical Settings
Abstract:Techshot proposes to improve the isolation and immunoselection of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue using Quadrupole Magnetic flow Sorting (QMS). This separator technology sorts magnetically labeled cells at high speed and is capable of processing large volumes of tissue such as lipoaspirate digests. QMS has previously been employed to isolate hematological cells from blood and Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans from digested solid tissue, and the innovative new embodiment will be capable of isolating single cells from solid tissue. The ability to produce large numbers of pure cells by QMS could minimize in vitro expansion requirements and automate the cell production process. In proposed Phase I research Techshot will pursue the following objectives: (1) Design and prototype a closed system to isolate and enrich with high specificity donor stem cells from adipose tissue; (2) Satisfy requirements for labeling and selecting one donor stem cell type; and (3) Determine the flexibility to employ QMS for multiple applications by testing with adipose tissue. This unique immunological based approach is expected to result in leap-ahead improvements in the efficiency of enrichment, quality, and specificity for allogeneic cell therapies utilizing adipose mesenchymal cells as an exemplary source for post-trauma tissue regeneration and wound healing.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
John Mueller
A10-118      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:A Universal Bio-Signature Detection Array for Species Identification of Leishmania and Sand Fly Vector
Abstract:Leishmaniasis is a disease endemic to several tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world which is spread by the bite of female sandfly carrying parasites known as Leishmania. Pathological manifestations of infection range from itchy skin to disfiguring ulcerous sores and death, requiring varying treatment strategies. Deployed US military personnel in regions of the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection. Although several species of both parasite and sandfly are known, only some sandfly species are man-biting, requiring tailored sandfly population control strategies, and medical intervention response is parasite-species specific. Thus, the control and treatment of leishmaniases depends on proper detection of infected vectors and accurate identification of vector and parasite species. Existing approaches include DNA and enzyme-based methods that have various limitations, including cost, time, and a lack of specificity and/or sensitivity. Lynntech proposes a new, DNA chip-based technology that generates unique biosignatures of individual sandfly and Leishmania species, without prior genomic information, which can be used to simultaneously genotype both species from extracted sandfly DNA mixtures using mathematical clustering methods. The technology will have wider biodefense significance; i.e., for pathogen and host forensics, identifying engineered pathogen strains, and measuring genetic response to CBRN exposure.

Nexogen, Inc.
9412 Maler Rd.
San Diego, CA 92129
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 657-0270
Elizabeth Mather
A10-118      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Differentiation of Leishmania in the Sand fly Vector
Abstract:Multiplex assays will be developed for identifying Leishmania from sand flies and for determining the species of the parasites. A multiplex PCR will be developed to amplify the gene loci needed to distinguish the closely related species of the pathogenic species. Analysis of the PCR products will be performed on an electronic microarray, a method that is well suited for the rapid analysis of complex gene products. Electronic addressing of the target and hybridization occurs within 1 – 2 minutes. This method allows high levels of multiplex analysis and is excellent at detecting point mutations as well deletions/insertions. The assay will be adapted to a small, inexpensive point-of–care instrument that will integrate the nucleic acid sample preparation with amplification and the electronic microarray detection. This approach offers a rapid method of detection coupled with high levels of multiplexing which will facilitate the identification of multiple species of pathogenic Lieshmania and allow them to be distinguished from the non-pathogenic species with which they coexist in the environment. The combination of automated sample preparation with rapid PCR and rapid detection method will allow a time to result of less than 4 hours making this assay suitable for use in small labs or remote locations.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18 Suite 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A10-119      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Smart Surgical Tool Development
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high energy fiber laser based smart surgical tool to meet with the requirement of this Army solicitation. It includes a high energy eye safer fs fiber laser and a LIBS/MPM imaging system for real time identification and ablation of various materials such as tissues, hard tissues, and metals. A proof of concept experiment for protocols and algorithms will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame. A prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Raydiance, Inc.
2199 S. McDowell Blvd Suite 140
Petaluma, CA 94954
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 559-2100
Mike Mielke
A10-119      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Smart Surgical Tool Development
Abstract:Fiber-based ultrafast lasers, with their ability to athermally ablate organic and inorganic materials, offer the potential for deploying a surgical tool with micron resolution that does not impart collateral damage to areas adjoining a target. Further, ultrafast technology can be used to perform laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) of materials being ablated. This project proposes to develop a “smart scalpel” surgical platform that will integrate the precise ablation capabilities of sub-picosecond laser pulses with a real-time feedback of LIBS analysis, a synergy of tools that will greatly enhance a surgeon’s ability to perform multiple surgical techniques. Research, analyses, modeling, and experimental studies will be conducted in the following areas: ablation protocols for tissues and materials relevant to the ultrafast laser surgical tool, real-time spectroscopic materials differentiation techniques for smart scalpel control, histology of ablated samples to reveal effects of laser and materials interaction, and software algorithms for real-time discrimination of materials during surgical ablation. The option phase of the program will focus on developing rapid reconfiguration of the platform for optimal ablation of different materials and prototyping concepts for beam delivery and spectroscopic feedback signal collection for the surgical tool.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Daniel Renner
A10-120      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:High Speed Flash Imaging Laser Vibrometer for the Detection of Suicide Bomber IEDs (SBIEDs)
Abstract:Aerius, together with our team partners, proposes to develop a Flash Imaging Laser Vibrometer optimized for SBIED detection applications. The proposed vibrometer will operate at a standoff distance of more than 125 meters and have an adjustable Field of View (FOV) so that the attention can readily focus to a subsection of the full Focal Plane Array (FPA) with automatic identification of critical body target areas. The vibrometer will take advantage of its flash imaging capability to provide sub-second response so that it can image personnel while they are on the move. The units will be portable with reduced size, weight and power as well as cost compatible with having multiple sensor systems at a location, operating at different vantage points for full coverage. The proposed solution uses large and rugged Aerius proprietary InGaAs-based Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs). These arrays offer superior noise and sensitivity performance and they are sensitive in the wavelength range from 0.9 µm to 1.7 µm. This SBIED detection solution is scalable, larger FPAs can be introduced when needed providing future-proofing protection.

Photonics Applications, LLC
13218 N. Pioneer Way
Oro Valley, AZ 85755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 797-8183
Steven E. Moran
A10-120      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Laser Vibrometry Detection of SBIEDs
Abstract:This effort has two main objectives. The first is to determine the existence of characterize, and evaluate the utility of a number of postulated SBIED signatures related to the presence of an SBIED explosives belt. These signatures will be explored using a commercial interferometric imaging system viewing a surrogate SBIED in a laboratory environment. The second objective is to develop a design concept for a prototype eye-safe, field-deployable imaging interferometer SBIED detection system that is capable of detecting those postulated SBIED signatures found to be viable at ranges of 100 meters and longer.

BMB Discount Guns, Ammunition, and Supplies
PO BOX 518 311 West Milton Ave
Milton, LA 70558
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(337) 856-6694
Brady Broussard
A10-121      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Dim and Imperceptible Tracer Ammunition Product Development
Abstract:BMB Discount Guns, Ammunition, and Supplies proposes to develop a novel form of dim tracer ammunition. This ammunition is a non-burning, chemically inert, constant mass tracer. This design of this dim tracer is such that it cannot be perceived by enemy forces, even with enhanced optics. This ammunition can be manufactured with masses substantially identical to ball ammunition. By matching the mass and trajectory of ball ammo, the lethality of our tracer ammunition is increased to that of conventional ball ammunition. The production techniques possible with this new form of tracer will also allow for the production of highly accurate, “match” grade tracer ammunition. These new tracer materials, as a class, tend to be non-reactive, pose no flammability risk, and are biologically safe. Precautions in handling and potential ammunition manufacture would be limited to the inhalation and dust contamination hazards common to all powdered materials. Our luminescent tracer concept will greatly increase the value of dim tracer ammunition by providing a more accurate and reliable ammunition tracer to the American warfighter and simplifying and eliminating many of the hazards currently experienced in manufacturing traditional small-arms tracer ammunition.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
A10-121      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:Rearward Emitting Tracer Ammunition
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for small caliber tracer ammunition that is dim and visible only by the shooter and friendly forces, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the novel Rearward Emitting Tracer Ammunition (RETA), based on an innovative design that integrates mature materials and fabrication processes with POC-developed and COTS components. This innovation enables RETA to be visible to the user during the day and not to saturate night-vision goggles/devices. Because it does not leave a visible combustion trail, RETA is only perceptible to the shooter and friendly forces near the shooter while maintaining imperceptibility to foes. Its mass remains unchanged throughout the entire trajectory path; therefore, its lethality and range are not affected. The inert nature of the material in RETA allows it to have a long shelf life with reliable performance. In Phase I, POC will identify the fabrication process and produce prototypes for demonstration. Producibility and optical emission efficacy will be characterized and compared with similar tracer products. In Phase II, POC will optimize the fabrication process and fabricate complete live RETA rounds to demonstrate their capability in a military weapon and to test their capability of integrating and operating within Army operational architecture.

Minnesota Wire & Cable Co.
1835 Energy Park Drive
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 659-6763
Tom Kukowski
A10-122      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Lightweight EMI Resistant Wiring Solutions
Abstract:Wiring and connectors are particularly vulnerable to electromagnetic interference. This is in part due to the harnesses that place both power and signal wiring in close proximity. For many applications, the solution to such a problem might be increasing the amount of shielding on the wires. However, for aviation platforms solutions that add weight are typically not viable. Because they form conductive composites at such low loading ratios, carbon nanotubes could be a key component in EMI shielding. Compared to conventional metal- based EMI shielding materials, electrically conducting polymer composites has attracted interest due to their light weight, resistance to corrosion, flexibility, and processing advantages. Minnesota Defense proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of creating aircraft wires with high-levels of EMI shielding (without adding weight), through the use of carbon nanotube sheets and yarns.

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard Claus
A10-122      Awarded:10/15/2010
Title:Lightweight EMI-Resistant Metal Rubber™ Wiring for Rotorcraft
Abstract:NanoSonic’s breakthrough technology of Metal RubberTM lends itself to the Army’s objective of reducing the EMI susceptibility of wiring on advanced helicopters, by 1) improving the performance of current technology wiring harnesses, and 2) using Metal Rubber’s unique characteristics to fundamentally change wire harness design. Metal Rubber offers significant weight reduction over current solid metal wire, RF shielding and electrical grounding materials. Metal Rubber is a self-assembled nanocomposite with an electrical conductivity on the order of that of bulk copper (107 S/m). Its mass density (1 g/cc) is less than that of copper (8.96 g/cc), so replacing copper wiring with Metal Rubber may result in weight savings of up to 90%. Metal Rubber also exhibits broadband EMI shielding behavior for low areal densities, so may be used as lightweight shielding/ground sheath within cable to reduce EMI coupling and improve EMC performance, and as electrically conducting coating or appliqué on composite structure. During Phase I, NanoSonic will fabricate shielded Metal Rubber wire and cable and versions of shielding/ground materials, and evaluate their electromagnetic and environmental performance according to MIL SPEC standards. NanoSonic has a CAI of 40, works with multiple major defense contractors and has specialized materials onboard fielded defense platforms.

Nico Technologies Corp.
401 W. Morgan Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 945-8131
Kelechi Anyaogu
A10-123      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Ultrastrong Dual Use Nanocomposite Materials for Blast and Transparent Armor
Abstract:The main goal of this proposal is to develop novel lightweight high strength composite materials to be used as materials for next-generation transparent armor for multifunctional structural load support and mitigation of ballistic threats and blast impacts. While providing adequate protection most of the time, the current technology of transparent armor presents difficult challenges due to heavy weight, large thickness, and lack of structural flexibility. To achieve the goals of the research, we intend to use high strength composite materials, in combination with the innovative topological design of the macrostructures. Layer-by-layer assembly method makes possible ideal stress transfer in the material and record mechanical properties exceeding those used in the traditional transparent armor. Hierarchical organization of the proposed laminates combining nanoscale, microscale, and millimeter scale sheets can make possible efficient dissipation of energy and efficient utilization of bulk properties of traditional materials of ballistic-proof and blast resistance transparent shield panels. In the time period allocated for the project, we will prepare the initial test panels with varying composition, evaluate their mechanical properties, carry out third-party ballistic and blast protection tests, and develop a technical cost model for the large scale manufacturing of the novel nanocomposites.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 636-5419
Denise Deppe
A10-123      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Ultrastrong Dual Use Nanocomposite Materials for Blast and Transparent Armor
Abstract:Nanocomposites are proving effective in protecting occupants of tactical ground vehicles from ballistic threats and mine blasts while maintaining optical transparency. In the proposed program, (Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) will develop a process for manufacturing these materials at rates higher than previously achieved. This approach utilizes SMRC’s experience in the development of transparent ballistic materials as well as its expertise in polymer nanocomposites and the design of automated process equipment. Aqueous solutions of crosslinkable polymer and aqueous suspensions of nanoclay will be simultaneously sprayed onto a surface to produce thin films that are then layered and crosslinked to form thick sheets. Crosslinking chemically bonds the reinforcing nanoclay to the polymer matrix, maximizing load transfer. The resulting nanomaterials are transparent and have the high tensile strength and stiffness typical of self-assembled polymer-clay nanocomposites made using the time-consuming layer-by-layer (LbL) processes. The simultaneous-spray process will be capable of producing large sheets of material with throughput more than 200 times that of LbL. In Phase I, both the chemistry and the process will be tailored to maximize strength, toughness, and transparency, culminating in the demonstration of ballistic resistance in testing and qualification to the required STANAG 4569 Protection Level.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 3
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2015
Hisashi Tsukamoto
A10-124      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range
Abstract:Quallion LLC (Quallion) responds to SBIR solicitation No. A10-124 entitled “Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range.” The objectives of this Phase I solicitation call for the development of “[i]ncrease the operational temperature range of prismatic laminate lithium ion battery cells through electrolyte and materials improvements which allows transition of these batteries to Army ground vehicles without the overhead of specialized heating and cooling systems.” To achieve this objective in Phase I, Quallion will evaluate several cell electrolytes to optimize Quallion’s current low temperature electrolyte technology and increase its high temperature stability using its existing high power chemistry as a baseline. Quallion will evaluate several combinations of cell materials based on its extensive experience with a variety of cell materials capable of operating in the wide temperature range. When these studies are completed, Quallion will fabricate small test cells using the developed electrolyte and selected materials and conduct testing over a wide temperature range. Using the Phase I results, during Phase II, Quallion will produce large format cells integrated to a battery of the “6T” form factor.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1241
David Ofer
A10-124      Awarded:2/25/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range
Abstract:TIAX, LLC will develop a laminated prismatic Lithium-ion cell based on electrolyte formulations that TIAX has already demonstrated to be capable of supporting high power and long operational life across an extended temperature range from -50 şC to 70 şC. The cell chemistry will incorporate anode and cathode materials chosen to enable high rate charging at low temperature, and long cycle life in laminated cell packaging at high temperature, while achieving the highest energy content that can be obtained within the restraints of the operating temperature and cell packaging requirements.

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 663-9500
Kurt D. Annen
A10-125      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Plug & Play Integrated Hybrid Power System for Humanoid Robot
Abstract:Robotic platforms, such as humanoid robots and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are significantly contributing to the capabilities of the U.S. Army. The BEAR humanoid robot offers exceptional capabilities for a robotic platform, but its mission duration is substantially constrained by the low volumetric energy density of rechargeable batteries. For maximum operational flexibility, the power source must be contained within the BEAR outer form and not attached externally to the back of the BEAR. This presents a challenging volumetric energy density requirement for its power source. No currently commercially available power systems can meet all of the power source requirements for the BEAR robot, including the energy density requirement. Aerodyne Research, Inc (ARI) with its teaming partner Busek Co. proposes to adapt ARI’s free-piston miniature IC engine (MICE) generator technology to the humanoid robot power source application. This technology can provide lightweight, compact power generation using JP-8 fuel that is well-suited for the challenging BEAR robot application. The power source will have hybrid capability, providing power from batteries alone, from the MICE generator alone, or from a combination of both, and will allow the batteries to be recharged while providing power to the robot during most of the mission.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Anna Galea
A10-126      Awarded:10/28/2010
Title:Reducing the Effect of Motion Sickness by Oculo-Vestibular Equilibration and Suppression (REMOVES)
Abstract:Motion sickness is of particular military importance in the transport of troops, be it by air, by land, or by sea. Motion sickness affects a person's ability to function at the peak of their performance, which is an important concern for troops being transported to the mission theater of operations. Despite the potential difficulties that can be incited by motion sickness, armed forces are frequently subjected to situations that can bring on motion sickness. Driving under indirect-vision driving (IVD) conditions is particularly disposed to result in motion sickness. Despite the importance of mitigating motion sickness, to date the only proven methods for reducing symptoms of motion sickness are pharmacological and thus, are of limited use to armed forces. Pharmaceuticals must be taken in advance of transport, a luxury of time our troops don’t always have. Moreover, they typically have associated cognitive effects which last long after transportation is completed. Our promising on-demand, non-pharmacological method of mitigating motion sickness, will be of considerable aid to our troops driving under IVD conditions, enabling them to reach destinations and complete missions without the adverse and prolonged effects of either motion sickness or traditional treatments.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
A10-126      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:Motion Sickness Reduction System
Abstract:To address the Army need for innovative approaches that will reduce vehicle-display-induced motion sickness, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Motion Sickness Reduction (MSR) system. This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes mature components developed in-house and COTS components. The innovation in integrating design and implementation of a foveated head-mounted display will enable the MSR system to reduce vehicle-display-induced motion sickness and to evaluate system performance. To do so, this MSR system offers reduced indirect vision driving (IVD) system latency (<80 ms), stabilization of the source video stream, and video correction in accordance with a driver’s or operator’s head movement. The system will have an automatic capability to evaluate its performance characteristics. These features directly address the PEO Integration acquisition program requirements to improve performance of drivers and C2 operators while operating in IVD mode. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of an MSR system prototype in laboratory experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fieldable prototype, test it on a military vehicle, and deliver it to the Army.

CalRAM, Inc.
2380 Shasta Ave, Suite B
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 844-7819
Dave Ciscel
A10-127      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Additive Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:Lightweight gimbal assemblies capable of meeting both thermal and structural requirements in military aviation environments can be accomplished through the use of titanium alloys. However, to achieve a production unit cost not to exceed $600-$1200 per gimbal assembly for a seeker gimbal assembly based on expectations for 20,000 to 30,000 gimbals is very challenging. CalRAM, Inc, a company established to do additive manufacturing, has been developing a near-net shape fabrication process capable of generating titanium components with physical and mechanical properties comparable to wrought titanium. The “tool-less” process called Electron Beam Melting (EBM) manufacturing produces parts directly from CAD files, uses an electron beam as the energy source and melts titanium powder in a heated powder bed. Since the process builds parts one-layer at a time, several details can be integrated into each layer reducing part count. CalRAM’s vision to accomplish the high- volume and low-cost targets will be to create a dedicated manufacturing cell based on EBM fabrication coupled with CNC machining, inspection, cleaning and packaging. The goal of Phase I is to develop a recommendation for the leading approach to produce gimbal assemblies for Phase II.

Integran Technologies USA Inc.
2541 Appletree Dr
Pittsburgh, PA 15241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(954) 328-3880
Edward Yokley
A10-127      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Advanced Materials and Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:Integran Technologies USA, Inc. (Integran USA) is pleased to provide this proposal in response to the Army Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Request for Proposal (RFP) “A10-127: Advanced Materials and Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals”, to investigate the use of novel nanometal/polymer hybrids as lightweight, low cost alternatives to the materials used in conventional gimbal assemblies. By combining low cost, injection molded polymer substrates with high strength nanocrystalline metals coatings, new hybrid materials are created that exhibit strength and stiffness comparable to that of lightweight metals such as aluminum or magnesium, while maintaining densities comparable to those of plastics. Injection molding the substrate will allow for signification cost savings compared to machining or die casing and can still allow for intricately designed parts. This project will investigate the use of nanometal/polymer hybrid materials as lightweight and low cost alternatives to conventional materials for seeker gimbal assemblies. Phase I efforts will focus on selecting the optimal nanometal alloy and polymer combination and their respective volume fractions to yield the desired strength, stiffness, and thermal expansion requirements.

Global Aerospace Corporation
711 West Woodbury Road, Suite H
Altadena, CA 91001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 345-1200
Kerry T. Nock
A10-128      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Missile Deployed Aerial Platform
Abstract:Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC) proposes to carry out the development of a Missile Deployed Aerial Platform (MDAP) that is capable of instantly providing communications, intelligence, surveillance, and/or reconnaissance capabilities to the battlefield warfighter. Real time battlefield information, from communications and situational awareness assets, is becoming more critical to commanders for moment-to-moment decision-making. To address this need, GAC proposes a disposable satellite-like aerial platform. GAC's approach satisfies the Army's need for an aerial platform that can instantly be deployed above a battlefield by a missile and that is designed to support Army Enterprise payloads. One concept of operations has a payload and stowed aerial platform being placed into the weapon bay of a tactical missile. The missile and platform are then programmed for launch and deployment, respectively, at a desired geographic location and altitude above a battlefield. GAC's concept is lightweight and low-cost; has a selectable deployment altitude and target range; achieves high-speed deceleration and orientation of missile forebody for platform deployment; incorporates a controller that initiates deployment; features a reliable and robust deployment method; and finally, easily scales up to larger missile size, for larger Army payloads or higher altitude, with little increase in unit cost.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Stephen Schoenholtz
A10-128      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Missile Delivered Aerial Platform with Modular Payload Interface
Abstract:A persistent presence above the battlefield provides for distinct advantages in areas of operation. Aerial platforms can suspend surveillance, SIGINT and C3 payloads aloft for the use of operators and observers. These resources are often most effective when they can be deployed instantly. KaZaK proposes a missile delivered aerial platform with a modular, high- capacity payload allowing operators to place communications or intelligence equipment above an AO within seconds of a launch order. Currently, three technologies are available to perform this mission: lighter-than-air, fixed wing and rotary wing. KaZaK proposes a collapsible fixed wing vehicle as the payload platform. Initial conceptual design shows that the fixed wing planform is 98% smaller than the lighter-than-air option and requires a 90% smaller engine than the rotary wing option. The Phase I effort includes development of vehicle designs, missile integration, high-speed deployment risk mitigation and performance analysis to position for a Phase II prototype build. Design criteria include providing a large payload capacity, +2 hours of endurance, autonomous station-keeping orbit, missile payload geometry conformance and maintaining missile mass properties. The resulting system will launch, rapidly transit to an area of interest, deploy an aerial vehicle and remain aloft for the duration of the mission.

Akervall Technologies Inc.
Tech Brewery 137 Jones Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 505-3552
Jan Akervall
A10-129      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Computer-design and Biomechanical Testing of Impact-energy Absorbing Protective Mandibular Appliance
Abstract:Akervall Technologies Inc. is developing a novel approach to energy-absorbing and energy- dissipating mouth guards. It is proposed to systematically measure and characterize in a biomechanics laboratory a set of realistic impact conditions, identifying the transmission and propagation of forces from jaw or dentition to TMJ, skull, and neck without and with a variety of dental appliances in place, comparing the effectiveness of impact energy dissipation of commercially available appliances to that of the patent pending appliance under development by Akervall Technologies, Inc. The second technical objective of the proposed project is to develop a multiphysics model geared toward optimizing the impact energy dissipation of appliance materials and designs, based on the experimental results obtained in the biomechanics laboratory, and to explore how and to what extent appropriately designed mouth guards with strategically placed perforations and energy-absorbing zones can dissipate the energies transmitted to the TMJ and skull. The computer-guided optimized mouth guard design will then be translated into prototypes for further biomechanical impact testing, and manufacturing techniques will be developed that are suitable for the production of mouth guard prototypes meeting military specifications.

TOOL., INCORPORATED
4 BERINGER WAY
MARBLEHEAD, MA 01945
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 631-7500
John Fiegener
A10-129      Awarded:10/28/2010
Title:MTBI Protective Mandibular Appliance
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI), often caused by shock waves from blasts, has been called the "signature wound" of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Commonly, the deleterious effects on the blast are compounded by the extra forces transmitted to the skull from the jaw through the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In contact sports, it has been shown that mouth guards can be effective in reducing concussions and mild TBI. This proposal describes how tool., Inc., in collaboration with Dr. Robert Cantu of Boston University Medical Center and Emerson Hospital, a world-renowned authority on neurology and sports medicine, will develop an appliance to mitigate concussive forces associated with high-energy blasts. In Phase I, potential materials and relevant existing devices, particularly athletic mouth guards, will be researched for their application to a product that could be used by the military. Initial design concepts will be worked out based on this research. In the Phase I Option, more concrete models will be made as a precursor to an in-depth commercialization plan to be addressed in Phase II.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Frank Adelstein
A10-130      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:USB Steward
Abstract:Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices such as thumb drives are commonly used to share information between computers and thus serve as vectors for attacks. For example, unsuspecting military personnel can easily carry malicious software or hardware into secure environments on USB thumb drives. Malicious USB devices present a significant risk to users, but USB and commercial operating systems do not protect against malicious devices. ATC-NY, in collaboration with Architecture Technology Corporation, will develop USB Steward, a USB firewall that drastically reduces the risk presented by malicious USB hardware. USB Steward will be a physical device that separates the host computer and an untrusted USB device, filtering communication between the host and device and enforcing the USB standards. USB Steward combines existing and novel approaches in innovative ways to solve problems not addressed by existing software-based controls while enabling users at secure facilities to use USB devices.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Chris Lomont
A10-130      Awarded:2/2/2011
Title:USB Firewall for Direct Connect USB Cyber Warfare Protection
Abstract:Malware spreading from unprotected USB ports has been increasing for several years, resulting in a complete ban on using USB external devices on Army computers. As administrators have locked down auto-execute on Windows and other OSes, attackers have changed to spoofing hardware components, opening multiple devices (allowable under USB specs), and even exploiting holes in kernel drivers be sending specially crafted packets to the OS. Most systems provide no protection on the USB ports, assuming that users will not attack their own computer. Cybernet proposes to design and implement a low-cost USB hardware firewall, which will prevent a device from masquerading as undesired device types, and which will validate the USB connection and packets, providing another layer of assurance against malformed packet attacks. On device storage can provide a log of firewall activity, and help in forensic analysis of unknown or untrusted devices. The result of a Phase I effort will be a prototype demonstrating USB passthrough and monitoring for a single device class and blocking of one device class. The result of Phase II will be a TRL 5 device and a production plan.

ASR Corporation
7817 Bursera, NW
Albuquerque, NM 87120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 830-3000
Michael D. Abdalla
A10-131      Awarded:12/10/2010
Title:Compact Efficient Electrically Small Broadband Antennas
Abstract:Recent advances in electrically small antennas have been proposed for a range of communications applications. In general these antennas have wide impedance bandwidths, but low efficiency and power handling capabilities. Recently members of our team at the University of Arizona have developed a class of efficient electrically small antennas (EESAs) that we call the EZ antenna that gets around these limitations through careful design of the space-loading of the antenna. The loading strategies we have pursued are based on advances in the field of metmaterials. We have designed and built prototype systems throughout the 100 MHz – 10GHz frequency rantes, but our designs have not been optimized or tested for HPM applications. In this proposal, we seek to alter the strategies proposed for low-voltage electrically small geometries and adapt them to handle high input voltages and powers.

Minerva Systems & Technologies, LLC
55 John Clarke Road
Middletown, RI 02842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 855-6721
Kalyan Ganesan
A10-131      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Compact Efficient Electrically Small Broadband Antennas
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to design and develop compact, efficient, electrically small, broadband antennas that are capable of handling high voltages of greater than 100 kV, and fit into small geometrical spaces of less than 40 mm in diameter and 50 mm in length. Previously insurmountable challenges to achieving the stringent requirements of simultaneous compact size, wider bandwidths, and high to moderate efficiencies are addressed by using a unique combination of metamaterials and design approaches. The designs are based on volumetric sources such as the Dielectric Resonator Antennas (DRAs) with bandwidths of 50% or better and with dimensions of better than 0.15Lambda, by employing layered magneto-dielectric metamaterials. A volumetric source, such as a DRA, as opposed to a printed planar or wire source, inherently provides higher bandwidths. DRAs, in addition, provide high power handling capability due to their high dielectric strengths, > 200 V/mil. Even though achieving a single antenna that covers the entire band of 20 MHz to 1 GHz is quite challenging, we believe that the wideband performance can be achieved with about 3 to 4 antennas, each covering a wide band of frequencies, in the HF to UHF bands.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Roberto Marcelo Schupbach
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop and commercialize a high temperature gate driver for silicon carbide (SiC) FET switches to enable the development of the next generation of high-efficiency, high-power-density power converters. At the conclusion of Phase I, Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc. (APEI, Inc.) will design and fabricate a high temperature (250 °C) gate driver utilizing discrete SiC circuitry and high temperature silicon-on-insulator (HTSOI) ASICs with off chip planar magnetic isolation. These designs will then be transitioned into an all SiC IC process in Phase II. APEI, Inc. has already developed a discrete HTSOI/SiC based gate driver which will meet most of the electrical needs of this program. This Phase I will focus on enhancing the features of APEI, Inc.’s gate driver technology, and provide a development path for implementing the technology in an all SiC IC. APEI, Inc. will commercialize the full gate driver (ICs, transformers, packaging, etc.) into military platforms through our prime defense partners at the conclusion of Phase II.

Global Power Electronics, INC.
27 Mauchly, Suite 206
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-0041
Jung Hee Han
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:This project will extend the performance and capabilities of an existing and proven Silicon- on-Insulator (SOI) high temperature gate drive integrated circuit developed by the University of Tennessee (UT) to meet the Army’s requirements for a high performance SiC Gate Drive. GPE and UT will develop circuits that add high temperature galvanic isolation, high current SiC buffer drivers, and inherently safe operation with normally-on devices. Electrical and Thermal analysis will be performed at the prescribed operating temperatures and frequencies for all three types of SiC power switches. The deliverable for Phase I will be a project report with simulation results and recommendations for Phase II. The objective for the Phase I Option is to prepare for the Prototype fabrication in Phase II. GPE will conduct a conceptual packaging study to determine the best electrical layout for high frequency and the best thermal layout for reduction of device temperatures and stress reduction. Currently there are no commercially available low voltage SiC devices for a small footprint buffer circuit so another task will be to optimize the SiC buffer for low voltage operation.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Ross W. Bird
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:The proposed modular high temperature Time Domain Isolated (TDI) Driver is a large step forward in technology, enabling the inherent benefits of current SiC switching devices. Designed to operate in the same environment as the switching devices the gate driver can finally be collocated with the SiC MOSFETs and JFETs being driven. Maximized performance at high speeds, precise switching waveforms at the gates, depletion mode JFET capable, and integrated protection feature within the device will deliver the realization of present and future ARMY requirements.

United Silicon Carbide, Inc
7 Deer Park Drive, Suite E
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-0550
Petre Alexandrov
A10-132      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:High Temperature Silicon Carbide (SiC) Gate Driver
Abstract:Various harsh environment applications, such as the propulsion systems of Hybrid Electrical Vehicles (HEV), space systems, and energy exploration applications, require compact and efficient electrical power systems with reduced cooling requirements. Power modules based on Silicon Carbide (SiC) are able to provide the required performance in these application areas due to the unique material properties of SiC. Gate drivers, used to control high power modules, need to be placed physically close to the power switches, where operation at elevated ambient temperatures above 200°C is required and a switching frequency of approximately 200kHz is desired to benefit from the capabilities of SiC power modules. Gate drivers based on silicon devices are generally not able to operate at temperatures above 150°C because of excessive junction leakage currents. We propose to fill the need for high temperature drive electronics by developing compact, high frequency, high temperature silicon carbide (SiC) gate driver modules to control high temperature SiC transistor power modules, capable of operation in the temperature range from -40°C to 200°C, based on our innovative 4H-SiC lateral JFET technology.

Ellipsah LLC
28 Thrumont Road
West Caldwell, NJ 07006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 432-7401
Steven R. Garfinkel
A10-133      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Power regenerative suspension systems
Abstract:Ellipsah LLC proposes a Phase I research program that will study the feasibility, benefits, performance and costs of an energy regenerative suspension system. The anticipated energy surplus, under various operating conditions, will be determined. Ellipsah’s research will focus on innovative linear motor design concepts, which when implemented will increase the regenerative energy and reduce the system cost, so that commercialization will become economically feasible. The innovative low cost linear motor and integral electronic controller, replace the shock absorber in vehicle suspension systems, improving ride performance and providing energy generation while being easily installed into existing vehicles. Ellipsah is uniquely qualified to perform this research, having experience in all the technologies required to analyze, design and prototype an energy regenerative suspension system. Ellipsah is expert in control systems analysis, electromagnetic finite element analysis, motor design, actuator design, and motor controller design. These claims are substantiated in the proposal’s past experience section.

Levant Power Corporation
288 Norfolk St
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 313-2076
David Diamond
A10-133      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Power regenerative suspension systems
Abstract:This project will demonstrate the feasibility of using regenerative suspension technology with semi-active control capabilities to both harness waste energy from military vehicle suspensions and simultaneously improve ride quality/handling. The proposed effort includes modeling, simulation, and evaluation of a power regenerative suspension system based on empirical and modeled results from GenShock, our breakthrough regenerative suspension technology. GenShock harvests waste energy on vehicles, machines, and aircraft, turning linear motion into usable electric power. GenShock extends vehicle range, improves maneuverability, augments fuel economy, and increases the readiness and survivability of the force. Simultaneously and without sacrificing power generation, GenShock improves stability, safety, maximum all-terrain speed, and ride quality of ground vehicles and weapons platforms. In semi-active mode, GenShock stiffens and softens the suspension in concert with terrain and other parameters. The proposed system utilizes proven hydraulics and electromechanical technologies in a durable and low-cost packaging for optimal performance, durability, and cost/benefit.

Cosworth LLC
3031 Fujita Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 534-1390
John Vaughan
A10-134      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:JP-8 Hydraulic Power System for Legged Robot
Abstract:The Gen II Big Dog (LS3) requires a JP8/diesel-fueled engine to power its hydraulic pump. This 30-45kw engine and hydraulic pump must weigh less than 110 lbs and consume less than .66lbs/kw*hr. Cosworth proposes to adapt one of its a direct injection, compression ignition, 2-stroke cycle engines for this application. Cosworth’s core business is the design, development, manufacture, test and deployment of high performance reciprocating internal combustion engines of various different fuel types. In Phase I Cosworth has 3 engine configurations that will be studied further using a variety of modelling and simulation programs. Cosworth will utilize its extensive knowledge gained on previous JP8 engine programs to do preliminary design work for these 3 configurations. A variety of FE, CFD and performance analysis will be conducted to determine the optimal engine configuration. In Phase II Cosworth will fabricate and test this engine configuration. In-house facilities including dynomometers, environmental test cells and materials laboratories will be used to validate the performance of the engine, first stand-alone, and then mounted with the hydraulic pump. It will then be mounted to the Big Dog and additional testing will be done to ensure that all programs objectives have been met including power output, fuel consumption, noise output and thermal management.

Sturman Industries, Inc.
One Innovation Way
Woodland Park, CO 80863
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 686-6074
David L. Drury
A10-134      Awarded:11/13/2010
Title:JP-8 Hydraulic Power System for Legged Robot
Abstract:The Army is in need of a heavy fuel engine with 30-45 kW output and weighing no more than 110 lbs. This engine will drive a hydraulic supply system that will power a legged military robot. Such a small heavy duty engine with such high power density is not available commercially, therefore it needs to be developed. To that end, in this project a commercially available light aircraft diesel engine – the baseline engine – will be modified to achieve required design specifications. The baseline engine will be a two-stroke opposed piston diesel engine which offers simplicity and good power density to start with. The baseline engine will be converted to a hydraulic free-piston engine which allows direct conversion of combustion power to hydraulic power. This design not only eliminates the hydraulic pump from the system, but also allows the elimination of heavy components such as the crankshaft and the gear train from the baseline engine. Furthermore, the already available hydraulic power will be used to boost the air charge and to drive the fuel system. Finally, the fuel system will contribute to mass reduction and will be capable of using both diesel and JP-8 fuels.

Terra Engineering LLC
18422 South Broadway
Gardena, CA 90248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 467-2194
Todd Mendenhall
A10-135      Awarded:12/17/2010
Title:High Mobility Robotic Platform with Active Articulated Suspension
Abstract:This proposal describes the development of highly versatile rough terrain robotic transport for use as a squad support vehicle. Extensive use of commercial components and assemblies will allow a vehicle with purpose designed capabilities to be rapidly created and tested for a modest cost. The design includes a central prime mover to provide power to all wheels for high bandwidth traction control. In addition, the active suspension allows the vehicle weight to be distributed where necessary to climb and traverse steep slopes and large obstacles, Payloads can be accommodated both internally and externally on the transport depending on its susceptibility to environmental extremes. A master computational resource distributes JAUS compatible state commands to individual wheel controllers. The resulting vehicle exceeds all program requirements and could be ready for field testing is a very short period of time.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2312
Steven D. Dietz
A10-136      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Energy-Efficient Hybrid Water Purification
Abstract:Today’s military must be highly mobile and carry all necessary equipment and supplies with them. A major limitation to mobility is the need to carry fresh water. Although there are military systems that are very effective in treating any source water for drinking, the size, weight, energy requirements often make them impractical for use by small units and small operating bases. What is needed is a mobile, light weight, energy efficient (<20 Wh/gallon) water treatment system that can treat any source water to produce water that meets military drinking water standards. In Phase I we will build a proof of concept breadboard unit to demonstrate a hybrid water treatment system can desalinate seawater to less than 500 ppm total dissolved solids and in fresh water mode treat source water to 15-minute silt density index values of less than 3.0 and turbidity values less than 1.0 NTU. From this work we will be able to accurately show a pathway to meet the weight, volume and energy metrics for the system. The design work for a system that can purify 300 gallons per day of seawater, weighing less than 500 pounds and less than 25 cubic feet of volume will be done during the Phase I Option period of the project, and prototype systems will be built during Phase II.

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9000
Vahid Sotoudeh
A10-137      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Fiber Optic Temperature Sensor for Thermal Profile Monitoring of Track Components
Abstract:IFOS proposes a low-power fiber Bragg grating (FBG) integrated temperature monitoring system for monitoring the thermal behavior of track components such as bushings and pads. The proposed sensor concept includes wireless data transmission capability and optical interrogation unit that can be mounted remotely on the vehicle. The state-of-art FBG sensors will be capable of measuring temperature in real-time with high degree of accuracy, without compromising the durability of the elastomer components subject to the measurement. The proposed design will enable real time thermal mapping of components subjected to high temperatures, thus providing the operational data needed to establish and test requirements for newly developed improved track components. In other key advances we will investigate the possibility of miniaturizing the optical interrogator, and explore implementation of wireless networkable sensor system as well as advanced energy harvesting. In Phase I, IFOS will perform a feasibility test of embedding fibers both within bushing rubbers and along interfaces with metallic components, and several alternative fiber mounting and layout approaches will be considered to identify the most optimal implementations. In Phases II the IFOS research team will install the complete sensing suite in a 158 LL track platform and demonstrate it during operation.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 996-9054
Michael White
A10-137      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Real Time Thermal Mapping Techniques for Elastomeric Track Components
Abstract:Acquisition of real-time measurements of track component temperatures is necessary for establishing the requirements for improved parts and materials. To support this, Templeman Automation LLC. (TA) proposes its Wireless Tank Track Monitoring (WTTM) system using embedded, battery-free RFID sensor chips. WTTM uniquely combines industry-proven miniature RFID sensor chip technology from Phase I partner Phase IV Engineering with wireless, mesh-network telemetry capabilities and ultra-rugged monolithic packaging. Phase IV RFID sensors overcome limitations of access and surface contamination through an advanced ASIC RFID design that enables elastomer-penetrating, multi-point temperature sensing from a battery-free component about the size of a single grain of rice. Because the read range of passive RFID sensors is limited, WTTM applies Phase IV sensor chips in a TA measurement suite that wirelessly transmits real-time data to one or more visualization/storage terminals via a ZigBee mesh network. This allows test personnel on or off a full-speed moving vehicle to monitor track component temperatures, up to 1000 feet away. WTTM has the advantage of having no moving parts or critical mechanical tolerances, allowing the hardware to be fully potted and monolithic.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Wen Lu
A10-138      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:High Energy Supercapacitor
Abstract:The U.S. Army is the owner and operator of the world’s largest fleet of ground vehicles. Despite substantial interest in hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) technologies, there are no tactical HEVs in the military today. One limitation is that most commercially available ultracapacitor systems have difficulty meeting the challenging requirements associated with Army HEV applications, sufficiently high energy density in particular. To address this need, ADA proposes the use of low cost nanostructured electrodes and ionic liquid electrolytes for advanced ultracapacitors that will enable increased power and energy density and inherently safer operation.

Fractal Systems, Inc.
108 4th Street
Belleair Beach, FL 33786
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 595-6175
Matt Aldissi
A10-138      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Solvent-Free Asymmetric Capacitors for Automotive Applications
Abstract:The lower energy density of electrochemical capacitors (ECs) compared with that of batteries has been a serious drawback in terms of their use for electric and hybrid vehicle technology and several other applications. Therefore, the fabrication of high energy and power density ECs in a wide temperature range is critical for their successful implementation in the automotive market. Fractal Systems Inc. proposes to develop commercially viable asymmetric ECs using modified intercalated oxides as cathode materials and an activated carbon anode in an ionic liquid electrolyte with specific energy and power that will surpass those of existing activated carbon ECs. The proposed program is a natural extension to the capacitor related efforts conducted by the principal investigator. We will fabricate and characterize the materials to ensure that the desired properties needed for the proposed capacitors are obtained. One-cell capacitor assembly and characterization will be performed to validate our approach. Material/process optimization and scale up will take place in Phase II where we will produce capacitors for testing by our industrial partners, who will also build prototypes for commercialization of the technology.

Applied Sciences, Inc.
141 W. Xenia Ave. PO Box 579
Cedarville, OH 45314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 766-2020
David J. Burton
A10-139      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Rechargeable, High Energy Density, Lithium-Air Batteries
Abstract:Many defense systems such as silent watch, soldier power, unmanned vehicles, communications equipment, and directed energy weapons require portable power which limits the duration and capability of missions relying upon these systems. The DoD is therefore seeking energy storage devices with higher energy densities to extend mission duration and capability. Of all battery technologies currently available, batteries which rely upon lithium-air chemistry have the highest energy density. However, lithium-air battery performance is limited by issues with the metallic lithium anode and poor performance of the cathode. Applied Sciences, Inc. proposes overcome these issues through the use of a carbon nanofiber (CNF) negative electrode coated with amorphous silicon treated to form a stable Solid Electrolyte Interface (SEI), and a positive electrode with a rapid oxygen- exchange catalyst impregnated in a gas-diffusion electrode. The performance and characteristics of negative electrode have already been demonstrated, and this project applies it in the Li-air system. The positive electrode catalyst will be a transition-metal oxide with high activity for O-O bond cleavage and fast oxygen exchange. It is anticipated that the combination of the advanced anode with the proposed cathode will exceed the targeted energy density of 1000 AH/kg, and other performance metrics including cost.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0530
Robert C. McDonald, Ph.D.
A10-139      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:New Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium-Air Battery with Increased Cycle Life for Silent Watch Applications
Abstract:The army requires substantial improvements in battery energy density compared to current lithium-ion and lead acid batteries. The lightweight lithium-air battery has the potential to meet these needs, provided certain material characteristics can be improved, including extended lithium rechargeability, electrolyte stability, decreased air cathode polarization and stable performance at elevated cell operating temperatures. Giner, Inc. (Giner) will use its stable high-voltage electrolyte system together with improved air-electrode design and processing to achieve the cycle life and energy density requirements for silent watch applications. Electrolyte composition and air-side cathode catalyst structure will be optimized for continuous operation of a prototype lithium-air cell operating in air.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 3
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2002
Hisashi Tsukamoto
A10-139      Awarded:2/23/2011
Title:Lithium Air Rechargeable Battery
Abstract:Quallion LLC’s (Quallion) proposal responds to SBIR Solicitation No. A10-139 entitled “Lithium Air Rechargeable Battery.” The solicitation calls for lithium air battery with a much higher energy density and longer duration energy storage system to replace lead acid or lithium ion batteries in non-primary power systems and silent watch applications. To achieve the objective in Phase I, Quallion proposes to develop a rechargeable lithium-air system to increase energy density and cycle stability. This new development will reduce the overall weight of current primary lithium-air technology and stabilize the lithium metal thereby increasing energy density to 1000 Wh/kg and cycle life to 200 cycles. In addition, the proposed technology will provide limited self-discharge, good charge/discharge efficiencies, low temperature performance, and long calendar life of lithium batteries. Phase I will demonstrate the performance of cell prototypes incorporating the new developments. In Phase II, multiple cells will be built with the modified design and tested over the conditions of interest to demonstrate the target goals of 1000 Wh/kg and 200 cycles.

August Research Systems
2414 Lytle Road Suite 101
Bethel Park, PA 15102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 854-1096
David T. Vituccio
A10-140      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:Rapidly Deployable Thin Film Camouflage
Abstract:August Research Systems, Inc. proposes to establish the feasibility of rapidly deployable, thin-film camouflage coatings for on ground vehicles. The film-based coatings will leverage the robust and expanding vehicle wraps industry, which provides full-vehicle appliqué systems that are digitally printed, self-adhesive, vinyl films that serve as a medium for vivid vehicle graphics, while the underlying vehicle paint is protected. Vehicle wraps offer potential advantages in military use among which are: enabling color-rich, digitally optimized camouflage patterns without the need for paint; the circumvention of a paint operation for refreshing or changing vehicle appearance; a deployable and field-installable coating system that is 0-VOC and free of hazardous air pollutants; protection and life extension of underlying CARC paint; and rapid, cost-effective repair or replacement. However, wrap technology does not address several important military requirements such as non-slip properties, specific camouflage color and gloss characteristics, and near infrared reflectance spectral requirements. This Phase I effort will, through testing and evaluation, quantify the shortcomings of current wrap material and manufacturing technology per military requirements and define innovative approaches for the engineering and production of militarily useful wrap materials for vehicle applications.

Integument Technologies, Inc.
72 Pearce Avenue
Tonawanda, NY 14150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 873-1199
Terrence G. Vargo
A10-140      Awarded:10/25/2010
Title:Rapidly Deployable Thin Film Camouflage
Abstract:Integument Technologies, Inc., proposes to develop and provide fluoropolymer (e.g. Teflon®) based paint replacement appliqué (i.e., wrap) systems that randomly distribute camouflage pigment in a non-repeating pattern over various Army land and sea vehicles. This applique system has to date been developed on previous DOD programs and offers the advantage of (1)Novel adhesive backings for long term use with the added feature of being easy to apply and remove for rapid depot or field camouflage reconfiguration.(2)Resistance and stability to Mil-fluid requirements for application on military vehicles as determined via previous testing. (3)Superior resistance and long term stability to relevant weathering including UV and Saltand SO2 Spray. (4)Superior CARC characteristics as compared to existing CARC paints without environmental or human toxicity problems associated with current CARC paints, and (5)Excellent Fire and Smoke features that pass DoD and FAA requirements for application on Air Force and Navy shelters and aircraft

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
A10-142      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:Hands-off Ergonomic Robot Operation (HERO)
Abstract:Robotic unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) are being used by ground combat forces in greater numbers, providing the warfighter with critical standoff capabilities in high-risk operational scenarios. Most UGV systems are teleoperated using a hand-held operator control unit with a built-in display. To operate these systems, operators must look down and use their hands, which decreases situational awareness (SA) and leaves them unable to carry a weapon. Both factors leave the operator vulnerable, increasing risk and requiring additional protection resources for robot-related operations. To allow the operator to maintain SA and carry a weapon while controlling a UGV, we propose to design and demonstrate a system for Hands-off Ergonomic Robot Operation (HERO). HERO gives the operator supervisory control over the robot using a combination of semi-autonomous capabilities and low-burden human-system interface. The operator can issue high-level commands to the robot, which performs tasks without the need for direct manipulation. A multimodal interface is used to make the system more intuitive and robust against environmental conditions. HERO combines speech and gesture recognition with both audio and visual feedback, using head and glove-mounted hardware so the operator can maintain SA and carry a weapon. A helmet-mounted display is provided for non-line-of-sight operation.

Think-A-Move
23715 Mercantile Rd. Suite 100
Beachwood, OH 44122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 765-8875
Chris Blanco
A10-142      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Hands-Free and Heads-Up Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Think-A-Move (TAM) will develop a heads-up, hands-free speech command control system for UGVs. Also, TAM, in conjunction with Autonomous Solutions, will develop and implement appropriate autonomous behaviors and video servoing capabilities. And, TAM will develop a plan to review the human-factors of different COTS video display systems. This proposal addresses two critical challenges of current Unmanned Ground Vehicle Operator Control Units: Reduced Operator Situational Awareness because of the need to focus on the display screen, and that with current systems, the Operator does not contribute to the firing power of an Infantry Squad when operating a UGV because UGV operations require two hands.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Shan Li-Ryan
A10-143      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:On-board Autonomous Surveillance and Navigation System
Abstract:The Army seeks to develop a system to allow an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) to extract useful information from surveillance video, to reposition itself to optimize data collection and communications, and to conceal itself. To meet the Army’s requirement, BCI proposes an Onboard Autonomous Surveillance and Navigation System (OASN) with Enhanced Accuracy and Low Computation Cost for UGVs, based on our extensive experience in target detection and recognition, intelligent video analysis algorithms, IR/visual sensor developments, and autonomous navigation systems for ground vehicles. BCI’s proposed OASN efficiently integrates our two innovations—ultra-fast human and vehicle activity auto-detection and high- accuracy object-oriented video navigation—into a compact, onboard video surveillance system, which not only achieves ultra-fast and highly accurate human and vehicle detection over in-the-field UGV platforms, but also supports autonomous UGV and sensor position adjustments and concealment improvement. The proposed algorithms are of very low computation cost and support ultra-fast initial system setup and configuration. The OASN algorithms are also energy efficient for onboard calculation. BCI’s proposed novel OASN system can be easily implemented with the commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products and open source products by means of flexible hardware and software design, and is capable of working with any UGV platform.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Michael S. Moore
A10-143      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:Automated Placement Optimization and Video Analysis for Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Video sensors provide a wealth of valuable information, including the location, motion, and appearance of military and civilian vehicles, people, and objects in an area of regard. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) provide a platform with characteristics suited for persistent surveillance, including the potential relatively long time on station, good sensor stability, and sensor relocatability. However, manual placement and monitoring of a large network of UGVs would require excessive manpower and data transmission resources. Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a suite of automated functions for optimally routing and placing a UGV to maximize sensor coverage of an area-of-interest, ensure communications, and conceal the sensor. In addition, we propose to develop and test automated video analysis methods for sensing anomalous activity and potentially hostile intent. In Phase I, this effort would consist of a data collection and four separate software development efforts that will extend existing Toyon geo-spatial analysis, 3-D model generation, automated routing, and video analysis capabilities to the UGV platform. The results will inform a feasibility assessment and recommended system design.

Signature Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 346
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3360
Phillip M. Janicki
A10-144      Awarded:10/29/2010
Title:Urban Time-to-Detect Simulator for Vehicle-Developers
Abstract:Future wars will see increased combat in urban areas. Characteristic of the urban environment is limited lines of sight for early detection and engagement of threats, placing a heavy reliance on non-line of sight detection methods, such as acoustic and seismic detection methods. A modular, expandable approach to developing an urban time-to-detect simulator for vehicle developers is proposed that includes simultaneous integrated multimodal domains including visual, acoustic, and seismic signatures. Building off of recent developments in high-resolution, three-dimensional virtual reality displays, combined with high-fidelity acoustics systems, we propose an innovative approach to the simulator. Starting with the definition of urban detection metric(s) and test methodologies, a structured design development process is proposed. A feasibility demonstration of the concept using commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS) components is proposed as part of the design concept development. The proposed design approach maximizes use of COTS hardware and software to minimize technical and schedule risk, and reduce costs and development times. While minimizing development of unique hardware and software components, COTS components may be modified to meet simulator requirements. The proposed approach also takes advantage of a modular design, allowing ready expandability from one to four or more test subjects.

Sound Answers Inc
4856 Alton Drive Suite 100
Troy, MI 48085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 275-5567
Gabriella Cerrato
A10-144      Awarded:10/26/2010
Title:Urban Time-to-Detect Simulator for Vehicle-Developers
Abstract:The proposed approach starts from an investigation of psychophysical stimuli relevant to the detection of a vehicle in an urban environment. Existing simulators will then be evaluated from the standpoint of their capability of high fidelity reproduction of real stimuli and on their ability to handle virtual stimuli (i.e. from virtual vehicles). Sound Answers will follow an iterative approach to the development of a multi-modal detectability metric, by first conducting experiments of vehicle detection based on one type of high quality cue (as an example, just visual or audio or vibration). Bi-modal detection experiments will then be conducted by using the (one or more) simulators that offer best signal quality for at least two stimuli. The results of both series of experiments will be analyzed to derive a detectability model based on one stimulus only, then a detectability model which accounts for the cross-coupling among two stimuli at a time. Finally, a hypothesis of a multi-modal metric model will be formulated along with a specification document for the simulator to be built in Phase 2.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4837
Paul Dionne
A10-145      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Efficient Computational Tool for Comprehensive Thermal Analysis of Military Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Including radiative heat transfer in full-vehicle thermal analysis simulations results in nonlinear equations with coefficient matrices that are dense, poorly conditioned, and difficult to solve. Further, calculating and storing view factorsŻneeded for surface-to-surface radiative fluxesŻis computationally prohibitive on fine grids. In the proposed SBIR project, CFDRC will develop, validate and demonstrate an efficient, high-fidelity computational tool for full-vehicle thermal analysis. The overall innovation (Phase I and II) consists of four main aspects: (1) Develop a robust, efficient and highly linear system solver by coupling a Krylov sub-space solver and algebraic multigrid (AMG) preconditioner (2) Investigate influence of linear system implicitness level on the CPU requirements, (3) Develop computationally efficient view-factor and ray tracing calculation algorithms, and (4) Implement a comprehensive thermal model including the radiation solver coupled with a thin shell conduction model. In Phase I, feasibility will be demonstrated by: (1) Determining the optimal combination of solver and preconditioner parameters, (2) Incorporating a thin shell conduction model in an existing radiation code, and (3) Demonstrating the thermal analysis model on a realistic vehicle geometry. In Phase II, we will develop efficient algorithms for view factor and infrared ray tracing calculations. The comprehensive thermal model will be incorporated into a code of interest to the Army, and applied to 3-D thermal analysis of a military ground vehicle.

ThermoAnalytics, Inc.
23440 Airpark Blvd P.O. Box 66
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-9560
Scott Peck
A10-145      Awarded:10/29/2010
Title:A Fast Algorithm For Thermal Analysis On A Dense Mesh
Abstract:The design of the thermal management system on military vehicles relies on simulation to analyze the interactions with the entire vehicle. It is critical analyze these systems with full vehicle models. These models employ CFD solvers to obtain the heat transfer coefficients needed as boundary conditions to a transient thermal solution, but these solvers operate on a dense mesh that is too large to do transient simulations of full vehicles. Thus a coupled transient thermal solution is performed on a much smaller mesh. It is desirable to use the high density CFD mesh for both solvers, but the large number and characteristics of the surface elements make them impractical for use with conventional thermal solvers. ThermoAnalytics is proposing to implement a new thermal solution algorithm in MuSES. The new algorithm will employ advanced simultaneous equation solvers that incorporate automatic mesh coarsening techniques, and will formulate the highly coupled radiation solution so it can be effectively parallelized, thus taking advantage of high-performance computing clusters or massively parallel general purpose graphics processing units. This new version of MuSES will produce transient thermal solutions on domains defined by a high density surface mesh in a time frame supporting modern vehicle design cycles.

ARMY - 216 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

---------- ARMY ----------

216 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
BHTechnology, LLC
400 Rella Blvd suite 110
Suffern, NY 10901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
Aron Kian
A10-033      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Non-Metallic/Metallic Debris Sensor
Abstract:A novel transducer is proposed for the measurement of oil debris for both metallic and non- metallic particles. The transducer is compact, lightweight, and easily cleaned. The sensor operates at 350F, counts the debris particles, estimates the total mass of the debris, and indicates the debris composition.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Naumov
A10-033      Awarded:10/20/2010
Title:In-Line Electro-Sieve Oil Debris Analyzer
Abstract:To address the Army need for nonmetallic/metallic oil debris monitoring sensors for use on rotorcraft transmissions and turboshaft engines, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new in line Electro-Sieve Oil Debris Analyzer (ESODA). ESODA is based on an innovative sensor concept using dielectric properties to reliably identify the debris material. The three dimensional (3D) size measurements are precisely performed by a 3D electrical sieve with different mesh sizes. The novel use of an oil centrifuge inlet dramatically increases sensor sensitivity by directing debris into the sensor electrical field. As a result, ESODA offers reliable monitoring for both nonmetallic and metallic debris and supports improved aircraft safety and scheduling of oil samples based on indicated need versus time usage which are objectives for PEO Aviation. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ESODA prototype, accurately identifying material and measuring 3D sizes of specially prepared debris in a turbine engine oil sample. The Phase I prototype will be tested in an oil debris sensor flow test rig. In Phase II, POC plans to develop the full-scale device to demonstrate ESODA operation in a relevant environment, integrating with the aircraft’s Health and Usage Monitoring Systems to predict bearing health.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Adam Grisdale
A10-034      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Electroless Nickel-Boron Coating for Enhanced Engine Performance
Abstract:Current engines used in UAV’s are useful but they are lacking in efficiency and power. A significant amount of power and efficiency loss can be traced back to losses found in the combustion chamber/hot section of the engine. The best solution is one that does not require extensive fabrication to the existing combustion chamber. It is highly unlikely that a new material will provide the bulk and surface properties required without significantly compromising functionality or cost. Mainstream believes that a Nickel Boron (Ni-B) coating is the most practical solution, because it performs just as well or better than other coatings but it is not harmful to the environment. Mainstream has identified an existing technology that can improve wear resistance, durability, piston ring blow-by, and reduce friction for components when it is applied. Mainstream will demonstrate this enhancement for various engine components in Phase I. In Phase II, Mainstream will propose to operate the enhanced engine components in a full-scale prototype. Mainstream’s innovative technology will not only be useful for the performance of Army UAV’s but also for commercial engines, turbines, and other components that would benefit from reduced friction and wear.

Patrick Power Products, Inc
6679-C Santa Barbara Road
Elkridge, MD 21075
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 796-6100
Mike Griffith
A10-034      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Engine Innovative and Durable Sealing Techniques for Increased Power and Efficiency
Abstract:Technical Abstract Rotary engines, due to their inherently high power density, have become popular as Unmanned Arial Vehicle (UAV) propulsion systems. Their high specific power places abnormally high loads on critical components. The apex seal is universally recognized as critical to sealing the high combustion pressures and vulnerable to wear at high speeds. Patpower has 14 years of experience developing the heavy fuel variant of the rotary engine and is very aware of the severity of the apex seal operating conditions. The PatPower engines use “conventional” apex seals that are an industry standard but we are aware of the seal’s limitations and have conceived of a potential improvement. The opportunity to implement the improved apex seal has been inhibited by the scope of work required to validate its benefits. This proposal seeks funding to accomplish that work.

QuesTek Innovations LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 425-8225
James Wright
A10-035      Awarded:10/18/2010
Title:Fatigue Resistant Martensitic Steel for Rotorcraft Drive Train Components
Abstract:Under this SBIR program, QuesTek proposes to develop novel thermo-mechanical processing techniques to enhance the bending and contact fatigue resistance of high strength secondary hardening matensitic steels such as Ferrium® C64 for rotorcraft drive train components. A systems-engineering approach will be followed to identify key microstructure attributes (e.g., nonmetallic inclusions) controlling the mean and minimum fatigue resistance of the aforementioned steels. From this analysis, QuesTek will optimize the thermomechanical processing of the alloy to reduce the fatigue potency of the microstructure features in service. As the leading alloy designer of advanced gear steels, QuesTek possesses in-depth knowledge of high strength martensitic steels and will leverage its in-house modeling schemes to devise and optimize the modified process route to achieve enhanced fatigue resistance without compromising on other critical properties such as fracture toughness and strength. In Phase I of this SBIR program, the goal will be to establish key property objectives and process parameters for the selected martensitic steels and demonstrate the feasibility of the novel thermo-mechanical processing technique to enhance fatigue resistance using coupon-scale bending fatigue tests on Ferrium® C64. The envisioned process will be complementary with other fatigue-enhancing processes such as peening.

Advanced Scientific Concepts, Inc.
135 E. Ortega Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 966-3331
Bradley Short
A10-036      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Miniature Flash LIDAR for Helicopter UAV Obstacle Field Navigation and Landing Site Selection in Complex Urban Environments
Abstract:Advanced Scientific Concept's (ASC) eye-safe 3D Flash LIDAR™ cameras provide a breakthrough in 6DOF computations for UAS control systems. This 3D array technology has allowed ASC to produce compact non-mechanical LIDAR cameras that collect full frame 3D point clouds in a single FLASH (Flash LIDAR). 3D Flash LIDAR Cameras (FLC) can output frames of 128x128 3D point clouds in real-time (20Hz) making them a robust solution for flight-critical obstacle field navigation systems. The three dimensional "framing camera" nature of Flash LIDAR systems, and the corresponding real-time data output of the surrounding terrain allows for detection of dynamic hazards making this unique camera ideal as a hazard avoidance, landing and navigation aid in cluttered urban environments. ASC Flash LIDAR cameras can provide direct, real-time altitude measurements for the aircraft during descent as well as provide surface relative velocity and orientation, while simultaneously mapping the topography of the terrain below. ASC’s cameras have no moving parts, are robust, light weight (<3 lbs), compact (4.5"x4.5"x4"), low power sensors.

TetraVue, Inc
663 S Rancho Santa Fe Rd #316
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 243-0700
Paul Banks
A10-036      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Miniature Flash LIDAR for Helicopter UAV Obstacle Field Navigation and Landing Site Selection in Complex Urban Environments
Abstract:There is a great need for the ability to quickly acquire 3D coordinate and image data in real- time for many applications. Current technologies such as 3D scanners or flash LADAR have limitations that have prevented cost-effective solutions, particularly for robotic and UAV applications where cost, size, and power draws are significant factors. As part of this SBIR Phase I, TetraVue will demonstrate a new high resolution camera technology that can achieve meter-class range resolution at distances up to 200 m and 10 cm-class range resolution at 30 m distance. This system will provide this performance over a 90 degree FOV with imagery and coordinate measurements, using a low cost, 640 x 512 sensor array. TetraVue’s technology provides a straightforward path to a high resolution, lightweight, low cost solution for use in 3D terrain mapping for autonomous rotorcraft.

Colorado Engineering Inc.
1310 United Heights Suite 105
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Lawrence Scally
A10-037      Awarded:10/22/2010
Title:Navigation Assist THz Imaging Radar (NATIR)
Abstract:Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI), with its teammates, University of Colorado and Boeing, proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, Electromagnetics (EM) modeling, antenna design, advanced processing architectures, and radar signal processing algorithms to research, identify, and architect a short range THz imaging radar for aircraft navigation. The “THz-gap” extends from the 100GHz Millimeter Wave (MMW) frequencies to the far infrared 10 THz frequency. This band of the EM spectrum is unique in that the absorption primarily due to water molecules is significant. For this reason, there has not been a lot of development of THz technologies beyond very short range: test / measurement equipment spectroscopy equipment and recently airport scanners. The team is architecting a Navigation Assist THz Imaging Radar (NATIR) for Army aircraft applications.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(123) 359-2325
Dennis Jones
A10-037      Awarded:10/20/2010
Title:Active Terahertz Imager for Covert Navigation Assist
Abstract:Mustang's Active Covert Terahertz Imager (ACTI) uses simple, low risk, antenna and transceiver hardware based on our Sub-millimeter Wave Imaging Fuze Technology (SWIFT) program. ACTI is specifically designed to generate and evaluate images in the terahertz frequency range and to establish the applicability of this technology in solving the brownout problem.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Richard Martin
A10-037      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Active Terahertz Imager for Covert Navigation Assist
Abstract:The global war on terror has dramatically changed the environment in which today's warfighter operates. Many of the locations in theater require moving troops and equipment into areas with unimproved landing zones. Loss of situational awareness in degraded visual environments is one of the largest threats to rotary wing aircraft operating in these areas. Phase Sensitive Innovations has built a passive millimeter wave distributed aperture imaging (DAI) system operating that can image at 10 fps without any moving parts. The frequency of operation (and resultant resolution) of this system is currently limited by the practical availability of low noise amplifiers. We propose building a real time active "see-through" imaging system operating above 100 GHz leveraging the distributed aperture with optical up-conversion approach used in previous imagers. This system would use a broad band antenna design coupled with multiple active sources to tune the dust penetration (and covertness) and resolution for the situation, as well as mitigate coherent effects such as speckle. The DAI advantages of thin, lightweight, and conformable would allow for easier integration onto the aircraft. Finally, the optical upconversion allows for video rate capture of the THz scene on a standard near IR camera.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8826
James Justice
A10-039      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Advanced Modular Payload for Small Unmanned Air Systems
Abstract:Enhancing the mission capabilities of sensors based on small UAS requires both the exploitation of advanced passive and active sensor technologies and the development of a new, modular system architecture paradigm. Characteristics of Irvine Sensors Corporation’s proposed modular sensor concept includes a choice of VNIR, SWIR, or thermal imaging combined with SWIR 3D LIDAR Imaging to enhance resolution, sensitivity, target classification and tracking capabilities, as well as improve system level performance to enhance geo-location, handover, and targeting. These capabilities are encompassed in an advanced payload design capable of deployment on a broad spectrum of small UAS.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Scott A. McNally
A10-039      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Effects Delivery (EffecDiv) Payloads for Small Unmanned Air Vehicles
Abstract:In recent years, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become a key component in the Army’s intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) infrastructure. Small, hand- launchable UAVs in particular are a key component as they allow individual units to gather critical information from safe operational distances. However, the limited size, weight, and power (SWaP) resources of small UAVs has led to a disparity in capabilities between them and the larger UAVs controlled at the Brigade or higher echelon. In order to bridge this capabilities gap, Toyon proposes to develop an EffectDiv (Effects Delivery) device. This modular, self-contained payload will extend small UAV capabilities beyond the current simple payloads by integrating video processing for target detection and tracking, automated routing algorithms to search, detect, and track targets, a Patent Pending GPS attitude (GPS/A) sensor for high accuracy geo-location, and H.264 for high definition (HD) video compression. These capabilities will enable the user to rapidly detect, geo-locate, and track targets of interest. They can then hand-off target information to the unit effects network to support collaborative target engagement and effects delivery. This will be implemented on a heterogeneous computing platform, employing a mixture of both FPGAs and processors, to minimize the system’s SWaP. The payload will implement standards-based interfaces and protocols to maximize inter-operability with existing systems and networks.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Timothy Strand
A10-040      Awarded:12/8/2010
Title:Ladar-Based Closed-Loop Fire Control System for Small-Diameter Weapons
Abstract:Aerius Photonics and our program partners propose to develop a closed-loop fire control system for small-diameter weapons that incorporates a flash ladar sensor into an existing ballistic-computing rifle sight sensor suite. The ladar sensor will use a burst of single ranging laser pulses to image the field of view and collect 3-D snapshots of the scene similar to a conventional camera and flash, hence the name FLASH ladar. The sensor-based ballistic computing rifle sight will provide an aimpoint for the initial shot based purely on ballistics calculations. The ladar system will then detect the trajectory of a fired projectile in order to calculate the miss distance and update the aimpoint for increased accuracy on subsequent shots. Aerius’ program team includes companies experienced with Ladar systems and ballistic-computing algorithms and fielded military weapon sights.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Charles Jacobus
A10-040      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Closed-Loop Fire Control (CLFC) for Small Caliber Weapons
Abstract:A good method for improving the survivability of soldiers on the ground is to help ensure that threats can be eliminated quickly before posing a significant threat. One way to accomplish this is to ensure that shots fired by soldiers hit targets quickly and efficiently. A soldier’s preference is to impact the target with the first shot. However, there is a complex set of factors that dictate where a bullet will impact and these cannot always be effectively predicted by the soldier. There is a need for a system that can track fired shots, identify the amount of error in the shot (that is the distance between the bullet and the target), calculate a new aim point, and display this aim point for the soldier. Cybernet proposes to leverage our extensive experience with the development and application of LADAR systems, electronic sensor development, sensor data processing, and visualization displays to develop a LADAR based system that can serve as a closed-loop fire control (CLFC) system for small caliber weapons.

Aspen Systems, Inc.
184 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Somesh k Mukherjee
A10-041      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Novel Multifunctional Lightweight Nanocomposites
Abstract:Nanocomposites, the integration of nanomaterials into metals, polymers and ceramics, are an area of intense interest to the Army for the design of next generation lightweight structures with enhanced properties and multifunctional capabilities. Aspen Systems Inc. proposes to develop a new class of lightweight, ultrahigh strength and ductile nanograin aluminum alloy-CNT hybrid composite with radio frequency electromagnetic interference (RF/EMI) shielding in bulk form suitable for Army’s future lightweight, multifunctional structural material design program. The hybrid composite will be suitably designed to include amorphous/nanophase matrix with coherent nanophase dispersion particles embedded in the matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNT) reinforcement in order to attain the high strength, desired ductility and added functionality such as RF/EMI shielding. In Phase I, Aspen systems will utilize a special gas atomization technique to produce a grain size of 20- 45 nm range of the selected alloy systems followed by a novel low temperature consolidation technique to produce amorphous/nanograin based composite material structure consisting of nanophase/amorphous Al matrix with suitably chosen coherent dispersion particles and CNT reinforcement. Suitable optimization of the process parameters for nanophase powder production and rapid consolidation will be identified and extensive mechanical testing and analysis will be conducted to establish structure-property relationship of the material. During Phase II program, we will scale-up this process to develop and demonstrate this successful cost effective technology for mass production with proven optimized process parameters based on Phase I data to produce a prototype large nano-Al alloy-CNT composite sheet and billet with superior properties

EIC Laboratories, Inc.
111 Downey Street
Norwood, MA 02062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 769-9450
Stuart F. Cogan
A10-041      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Nano-reinforced Low Density Structural Composites
Abstract:The development of a nano-reinforced metal matrix composite as a low-density, high- strength, replacement for existing metal alloys and composites used in lightweight structures, vehicles, and advanced weapons systems is proposed. The composites are expected to have exceptional mechanical properties that derive from the use of a nano- structured reinforcing phase. In Phase I, aluminum matrix composites will be fabricated and tested as part of a proof-of-concept demonstration. The physical properties expected for the aluminum matrix composites are the following: tensile strength 700 MPa (~100 ksi); elongation to failure >5%; compressive strength 1100 MPa (~160 ksi); density 1.5-2 g/cm3 (~90-125 lb/ft3). These mechanical properties will be achieved through innovations in nano- materials design and fabrication methods that promote high tensile and compressive mechanical strength and stiffness in composites with exceptionally low density. The Phase I program is a collaborative effort between EIC Laboratories and a company with appropriate composite manufacturing capabilities. In Phase II, the fabrication technology would be scaled-up using a near-net-shape process to produce components for Army applications. An extensive characterization and optimization of the composite structure-property relations and evaluation of toughness, corrosion resistance, and shielding properties would also be conducted.

ARES, Inc.
818 Front Street Lake Erie Business Park
Port Clinton, OH 43452
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 635-2175
Drew Kertis
A10-042      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Cross-compatible cartridge case for orthodox or rarefaction wave gun firing
Abstract:RAVEN technology weapons vent a significant portion of the propellant gases rearward. Therefore the ammunition must allow the gun gases to leave the chamber at the proper time. This is in complete contrast to conventional weapons where the ammunition provides the breech seal during the entire ballistic cycle. As such, the technologies are incompatible and separate supply logistics must be maintained. The cartridge case concepts work together with the RAVEN weapon to control vent timing which is the most important aspect of RAVEN technology. Further, the cartridge case will be compatible with existing weapons based on conventional ammunition design. As such, the new cartridge case will be used in both venting RAVEN weapons and conventional non-venting weapons.

Veritay Technology, Inc.
4845 Millersport Highway P.O. Box 305
East Amherst, NY 14051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 689-0177
Todd Cloutier
A10-042      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Cross-compatible cartridge case for orthodox or rarefaction wave gun firing
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, Veritay will research, design, develop and demonstrate a cartridge case that enables blowback venting when the cartridge is fired in a rarefaction wave gun (RAVEN), and will function normally when fired in a conventional closed-breech gun. To accomplish this goal, a case design that allows the chamber to vent through the breech will be developed. Also, though not a primary objective, some design effort must be devoted to defining a simple gun mechanism that allows the breech to vent in a manner that is compatible with this case design. During this program, we will design the cartridge case for an objective and a subscale round. The objective round is for a full caliber cannon, assumed to be 105mm at this time. The subscale round will be utilized in a test fixture in Veritay’s experimental test facility. We will perform FEA analyses on each cartridge case design. In addition, we will design the subscale test fixture to be utilized in Phase II for testing and development. We will fabricate and assemble the test fixture during the Phase I Option.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
111 West Main Street
Bay Shore, NY 11706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A10-043      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Innovative Polarized Navigation Reference
Abstract:The primary objective of this project is to study the feasibility of an innovative method of providing adaptive polarized RF reference sources for establishing a battlefield position and orientation referencing system over the battlefield. Such referencing sources are intended to be used onboard weapons platforms, UAVs, handheld devices and the like. The referencing system can then be used by polarized RF sensors onboard guided munitions, ground and airborne platforms, and on the soldier to measure their position and orientation relative to the established referencing coordinate system. The proposed concept is easy to deploy and provides a reliable and secure reference source as an alternative to GPS, lasers, magnetometer and inertia technologies for the next generation of smart munitions and weapon platforms. The proposed innovative polarized RF referencing sources are capable of scanning through almost any specified scanning range and scanning pattern and frequencies. The proposed method provides polarized RF reference sources with the capability of significantly increasing the precision of the polarized RF based angular orientation and position sensors. With the proposed polarized RF reference sources, scanning patterns can be selected using well established techniques to increase precision and reduce the probability of detection and effective jamming.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Kenan O. Ezal
A10-043      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Polarization-Sensitive Navigation Reference System
Abstract:Military and civilian platforms increasingly rely on the Global Positioning System (GPS) system for not only navigation and position, but also communication and time. The susceptibility of GPS to sources of intentional and unintentional interference increases the vulnerability of such platforms. The focus of this effort is to develop a polarization-sensitive reference navigation system that can be used when GPS is denied, or enhance GPS when it is available. Moreover, the electronics developed during this program will have a dual use as a GPS receiver (when available) thereby minimizing hardware requirements. The GPS- denied position and attitude performance of the system will be comparable to the performance when GPS is available. The navigation system will comprise one or more transceiver reference stations and mobile receivers. Mobile receivers will navigate relative to the reference stations, which may be stationary or moving. The navigation system will take advantage of signal polarization to improve the platform position and attitude performance, and will enable full 3-D navigation in position, orientation and time with just two reference stations. Select missions will only require one reference station. The proposed navigation system will not require calibration and will be easy to deploy.

CarboMet LLC
18 Erskine Drive
Morristown, NJ 07960
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 549-2013
Shiunchin Chris Wang
A10-044      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Novel Nitrogen-doped Boron Nanotubes/Nanofibers
Abstract:In this Phase I effort a scaled up synthesis of nitrogen-doped boron nanotubes (BNTs) and boron nanofibers (BNFs) will be developed which will be optimized by a design-of- experiment approach during Phase II. Characterization of the BNTs/BNFs by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy together with electron energy loss spectroscopy to determine the tube/fiber diameters, chemical structure and composition will be conducted and a characterization protocol developed. The heat of sublimation of the BNTs/BNFs will be determined by thermal techniques. Initial formulation preparation and propellant testing will be conducted at US Army facilities followed by measurements on gun barrel samples to detect and determine the thickness and friction properties of the boron and boron nitride coatings formed. Thicknesses will be measured by Rutherford Backscattering and friction will be determined by atomic force microscopy.

PH Matter, LLC
1275 Kinnear Rd.
Columbus, OH 43212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 657-4683
Paul H. Matter
A10-044      Awarded:12/28/2010
Title:Innovative Nitrogen-doped Boron Nanotubes/Nanofibers Propellants
Abstract:Currently, there is no scalable method for the production of BN nano-tubes with a controlled diameter. In this project, PH Matter, LLC will partner with Dr. Sheldon Shore from the Ohio State University to develop a commercially viable and scalable process for the selective production of BN nano-tubes. Dr. Shore is an expert in the area of boron and boron nitride chemistry, with over 60 years of experience in the field. The process to be demonstrated by the team will be based on previously developed catalytic techniques for synthesis of carbon and doped-carbon nano-tubes, but will utilize a novel boron and nitrogen precursor with ideal properties for the proposed approach. Additionally, the team will compare this CVD-based approach to a previously developed approach for direct BN nano-tube synthesis developed by the Shore group.

Aria Microwave Systems, Inc.
731 Carroll Place
Teaneck, NJ 07666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 836-6552
Bernard R. Cheo
A10-045      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Development of a Novel Efficient Solid State Compact RF/microwave DEW System
Abstract:Aria Microwave System Inc. (AMS) will develop a lightweight, compact, scalable DEW system with 60% - 90% DC-to-RF efficiency. Examples of an S-Band concept system show that lethality levels > 1 W/cm ^2 at 100 meters can be attained with DC power in 10’s of kW, 10% duty cycle. The system uses AMS’s proprietary solid state, compact, lightweight, high efficiency, high power, active cavity amplifier (ACA), in conjunction with a 1m x 1m antenna array. The small size and lightweight of the ACA permit each array element to be individually driven by an amplifier, with its amplitude and phase controlled at its preamplifier. Rapid electronic scan, multiple beam, target locking, and beam shaping etc. are attainable for a myriad of operational requirements. Basic principles of the ACA-array approach can be applied from low UHF to high microwave frequencies. Main effort of Phase I will be to develop a conceptual design of a full power S-Band demonstration system, to be constructed during Phase II. Phase I activities will also involve interactions with other defense contractors as potential collaborators

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Ben Thien
A10-045      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Z-Wave Directed Energy for Neutralizing IEDs
Abstract:We have proposed the development of a novel, low frequency, directed energy concept for neutralizing IEDs at a safe distance in front of moving vehicles. The concept is based on launching an "Energetic RF Zenneck-mode Surface Waves" (Z-waves), which unlike conventional RF free field propagation, its intensity falls off at a 1/r rate, and is capable of penetrating ground and shielded enclosures. The Z-wave generator promises to be a robust piece of equipment capable of long term continuous operation in rough terrain. In addition to direct neutralization of IEDs, Z-waves can potentially disrupt nearby communication devices used to trigger IEDs.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive
Madison, WI 53717
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 229-2727
Chris St. Clair
A10-047      Awarded:2/28/2011
Title:Recoilless Launcher Propulsion System (RLPS)
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop the Recoilless Launcher Propulsion System (RLPS), a means of propelling a warhead from a shoulder-mounted recoilless launcher which will greatly reduce the risks posed to the operator by the back blast from such launchers, including over-pressure, high sound levels, and burns. These risks are of particular concern when the launcher is fired from within an enclosed space such as a room or alleyway. ORBITEC’s proposed RLPS will use a unique propellant formulation to mitigate back blast, over-pressurization, and sound waves. Conservation of momentum will be maintained as the reaction products from the propellant are ejected out the back end of the launcher at high velocity. In the Phase I project, we will model both the propellant reaction and the launcher dynamics, and we will build and test a subscale launch apparatus to experimentally evaluate the candidate propellant formulations.

Southwest Services LLC
P.O. Box 1868
La Mirada, CA 90637
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 697-8576
John Sigler
A10-047      Awarded:6/2/2011
Title:Propulsion System for Confined Space Projectile Launchers
Abstract:Southwest Services LLC Confined Space Projectile Launcher is a derivative of a conventional shoulder fired recoilless launcher incorporating improvements to dampening the energy and overpressure within the exhaust gases. Our CSPL will increase the muzzle energy of the launcher which will have a corresponding increase in the exhaust gas energy, but by using our innovative approach to dampening the exhaust gases our system will have a net decrease in the back-blast overpressure to produce an operator safe environment for confined space launches. Our Phase I effort will include a basic launcher design defining all key system parameters, a detail computational model of the system to analytically verify our system’s compliance with the SBIR’s noise limit requirement, and test firings simulating the rearward ejection of the launcher’s exhaust gases to evaluate fundamental characteristics of our unique exhaust gas dampening feature to verify its functionality.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Bryce Williams
A10-048      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Multiple Engagement Autonomous Neutralizer (MEAN) System
Abstract:Accurate Automation will design and build a Multiple Engagement Autonomous Neutralizer (MEAN) System that will allow an EOD team to quickly and safely engage multiple IEDs from a safe area. This design exceeds capabilities of any current system because it will allow the technician to preload the system with at least 8 shots, attach it to a robot, drive the robot down range where the device can be identified, select the appropriate PAN shot to neutralize the threat, and then select another shot to reengage or engage another device all while the technician remains in the safe area. The proposed system will also employ 2 or more water shots without user intervention qualifying the system as semi-automatic and allowing fully autonomous operation from a safe area. The proposed system will function in a fielded environment with simple cleaning access to ensure lasting performance and ease of maintenance in sand and immersive environments. Accurate Automation has a lengthy autonomous system development and commercialization track record. Accurate Automation will leverage its knowledge and capabilities to produce a very robust and competent system that can easily and effectively be used by military EOD teams and civil /federal bomb squads.

SAVIT Corporation
400 Commons Way
Rockaway, NJ 07866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 602-3822
Kenneth Jones
A10-048      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Multi-shot EOD Disrupter for Robotic Applications
Abstract:The Intelligence Community and recent trend analysis suggests that future terrorism will expand the use of IED, VBIED’s and Person Borne Suicide Vests. Current Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) technology uses Single Shot Disruptors for disarming these threats whenever possible. Recent development has mounted these Disruptors onto the Man Transportable Robot System (MTRS). These Disruptors are Single Shot, and tax the weight limit of the MTRS. The Joint Service EOD community has identified the need for a multi-shot Disruptor that is light weight and can be mounted on the MTRS. This Engineering Analysis will address the technical challenges of meeting this need for an EOD Multi-Shot (up to 4 rds.) Disruptor that is light enough to be mounted on the MTRS. In addition, recoil mitigation will be evaluated to ensure no physical damage to the MTRS occurs during repeated firings.

Vadum
601 Hutton St Suite 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 668-7120
Jesse Shaver
A10-048      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Multi-shot EOD Disrupter for Robotic Applications
Abstract:A solicitation has requested a feasibility study on the topic of enhanced capabilities for the SD-IED disrupter tool, used for neutralization of IED’s and other explosive devices. Specifically, the solicitation requests investigation of designs for electrically-initiated semiautomatic disrupter devices with greatly-reduced recoil transfer for EOD robotic platforms. The new design must maintain compatibility with standard SD-IED ammunition, performing mechanical ignition of the percussive primer with a high-reliability safety system. Finally, the design must be lightweight.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
A10-049      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Reactive Materials with Reduced Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity
Abstract:Advanced reactive materials (RM) with reduced electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity are needed by the Army. Nanoscale thermite compositions are of particular interest because of the fast reaction rates and high flame temperatures generated during reaction. Unfortunately, in many cases, the materials are so reactive that they are impractical to work with. One route to improving ESD insensitivity is to embed the nanoparticles in a polymeric matrix, which insulates the particles from accidental discharge. However, significant challenges exist with traditional polymeric nanocomposite processing, including achieving monodisperse, non-agglomerated particle suspensions. These challenges only increase with larger batch sizes, making production scale-up another significant challenge. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to develop polymeric nanothermite composites using a novel, patented process called nanoinfusion. Nanoinfusion processing technology allows for in-situ formation of nanoparticles in a polymer matrix, producing polymer nanocomposites with monodisperse nanoparticle content. Nanoinfusion is not a liquid dispersion process, and there is no handling of loose nanoparticles. There is no route for particle agglomeration in this process, eliminating the most significant processing challenge associated with nanoparticle synthesis and mixing. Nanoinfusion is scaleable to meet large scale production needs, while safely and consistently achieving excellent nanoparticle dispersion and size uniformity.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 757-5441
David Irvin
A10-049      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Intrinsically Conductive Polymer Coatings for Reduced ESD Sensitivity
Abstract:Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) proposes to reduce the electrostatic sensitivity of nanothermites by modifying the surface with a thin, conformal coating of inherently conductive polymer. Nanothermites or metastable intermolecular composites (MICs) are desired in military weapons systems because the energy output is twice that of traditional explosives, and they can be formulated for a range of energy densities from 10kW/cc to 10GW/cc and detonation velocities from 1- 1500 m/s. Many of these materials have promise as low toxicity high energy materials but have one major barrier to wide scale introduction into future weapons systems: electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity, which makes them far too unstable to be safely handled by the warfighter. If these materials and their composites could pass 250 mJ ESD testing, they would be usable in a variety of higher energy kinetic energy weapons, thermobaric warheads, and shape charges. In these applications, MICs would not only be used as the explosive but also be incorporated into the case materials as a polymer-based structural nanocomposite, thus increasing the total yield of the device.

Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
James H. White
A10-050      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Development of a Nanothermite-Based Propellant Initiator for Army Munitions
Abstract:This proposed SBIR Phase I program addresses the development of a nanothermite-based initiator (primer) for use in Army munitions. This technology will enable a propellant initiator producing high maximum pressure, long pressure duration, and insensitivity to electrostatic discharge (ESD). Initiators for solid propellants which are based on nanothermites offer significant advantages for munitions, including increased burn rate, optimal pressure wave speed, and high maximum pressure of long duration. The proposed Phase I will investigate this application, using selected nanothermites prepared by simple, inexpensive, scalable procedures: in particular, nanometer-scale metal/metal oxide systems will be prepared by solution and mechanochemical methods. Combination of these with selected nitro-polymers will ensure gas generating capacity and other features essential for initiators. Phase I research will consist of identifying suitable nanothermites and an approach for comprising them, physical and chemical characterization of materials, incorporation into initiators, and laboratory testing of the initiators. Ignition delay time, burn rate, maximum pressure, and duration of maximum pressure will be measured. These are features of primer systems that Eltron intends to improve with the proposed technology. Phase II would consist of the optimization of nanothermite materials, scale-up of synthesis of nanothermites and primer formulation, and the testing of primers.

Innovative Materials and Processes, LLC
8420 Blackbird Ct.
Rapid City, SD 57702
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(605) 484-3434
Zac Doorenbos
A10-050      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Development and Scale-Up of Nanothermite Composites for Propellant Ignition
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project proposes development of a technologically feasible batch process for making nitrocellulose-nanothermite composites in a granular form for the ignition of propellants. The R&D will focus on the determination of burn rates, dynamic pressure profiles and ESD sensitivities of selected Al/CuO/Fe2O3 and Al/Fe2O3/Bi2O3 energetic nanocomposites based on spherical and flake nanoaluminum to meet ignition and burning characteristics of initiating materials, such as Benite. It is proposed to investigate JA2 propellant initiation using developed nitrocellulose-nanothermite composite materials at - 65F, 70F and 160F. The results generated in Phase I are essential for the equipment design and scale-up of a production process for making initiating materials for a particular application in propellant based systems.

Frontier Performance Polymers Corporation
3328 Belt Road
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Jerry Chung
A10-051      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Novel Combustible Small Arms Ammunitions
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I proposal is to develop novel lightweight combustible small arms ammunitions to replace brass cased ammunitions with improved burning efficiency and mechanical properties, alleviated weight and superior ballistic performance. In order to deliver a cost-effective and highly performed combustible cartridge that meets all the requirements and is suitable for mass production, Frontier has developed novel combustible materials, coating formulation, cartridge design, and processing techniques. During the Phase I effort, Frontier will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed concepts, identify and address the present technical hurdles, perform proof-of-principle validation as well as address the performance-cost issues. By the end of Phase I, the combustible materials, cartridge designs and fabrication process will be studied and optimized, which will provide a solid foundation for Phase II to conduct extensive performance validations for the proposed novel lightweight combustible cartridge technology for small arms ammunitions. The success of the proposed technology will lead to develop novel lightweight combustible small arms ammunitions with superior ballistic accuracy, significantly improved structural strength and substantially reduced weight as compared with legacy brass cased ammunitions. Moreover, this novel combustible cartridge will be designed to maintain its performance throughout the environmental shock and lifespan.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4506
Ben Beck
A10-051      Awarded:4/5/2011
Title:Combustible Cartridge Casing
Abstract:Advanced weapon systems will allow America’s soldiers to maintain their overwhelming combat edge into 21st century, however, they represent a significant logistical burden that may reduce warfighter mobility. It is therefore necessary to reduce the weight of the soldier’s standard equipment and one of the heaviest load pieces is their ammunition. Brass metal comprises up to 50% of the weight of each cartridge and these metal casings are simply ejected as waste upon firing. Combustible cartridge case technology is successfully used in large caliber ammunition systems to eliminate the logistical burden of disposing of unconsumed packaging after firing. They bring additional advantages such as reduction in barrel wear, enhanced firing energy, increased firing rate and reduction in charge costs. The technical hurdles of transferring combustible case technology to small arms include the combustible resin inherently lacking mechanical strength, high porosity, vulnerability to penetration of water and water vapor, and problems related to materials used for fabrication, and incomplete combustion. Luna Innovations, via a multidisciplinary approach, will design a 100% combustible, energetic polymer material that can be readily processed into cartridge cases with excellent mechanical stability, and, in collaboration with ATK, predict its ballistic properties and feasibility for standard operating conditions

Hstar Technologies
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
A10-052      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:A High-strength Dexterous Bimanual Mobile Manipulator (HD-Man) System for EOD Robotic Operations
Abstract:Hstar proposes an advanced high-strength dexterous bi-manual mobile manipulator (HD- Man) system for EOD robotic platforms to investigate and interrogate Unexploded Ordnances (UXOs) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). The proposed HD-Man will be designed and developed by integrating lightweight high power density actuators, series elastic actuator for force sensing and compliant manipulator, and hydraulic transmission for enhancing the capabilities of EOD robot. This system will; 1) have high mechanical efficiency and high power-to-weight ratio, 2) support ergonomic and synchronous mobile manipulation control in telepresence operation, (3) provide sufficient control bandwidth, range of motion, force control accuracy, and ease of use by natural means, 4) be compact, light-weight and suitable for system integration, and 5) provide sufficient capability to lift heavy loads and a high gripper capacity. Our primary innovation includes a bi-manual dexterous robotic manipulation that is desirable to enhance gripping and lifting capabilities and efficiency for EOD operations. We will leverage the dexterous manipulation and heavy lifting technologies available at Hstar. The state of art HD-Man will be a high strength compact actuation based dexterous bi-manual manipulator for advanced gripping and heavy lifting. It will also incorporate the JAUS protocols for integration with networked command and control systems

RE2, Inc.
4925 Harrison Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Jorgen Pedersen
A10-052      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Highly Dexterous Manipulation System (HDMS)
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to integrate RE2’s innovative dexterous and heavy-lift manipulation technologies with novel materials and leading-edge actuation technology to provide a Highly Dexterous Manipulation System (HDMS) with 1) the strength to lift a 120- pound 155mm shell, 2) the agility to perform delicate maneuvers such as removing a blasting cap from C4, 3) a form factor and total weight to allow HDMS to be employed on small robots, and 4) a low-cost solution to the military and other small robot users. The overall objective of HDMS is to provide a manipulation system for the next generation of small Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) with the equivalent capability and reach of a 95% percentile military male. The direct benefit to the warfighter is significantly increased performance and capability over currently fielded manipulators for both teleoperated and semi-autonomous use on small UGVs. These manipulation improvements directly correlate to a reduction in time-on-target and overall mission time, resulting in increased safety of all mission personnel.

Graphene Devices Ltd.
138 CHAPEL WOODS
WILLIAMSVILLE, NY 14221
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 560-1507
Robert Anstey, Esq.
A10-053      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Novel Graphene Mg Nanocomposite for High Strength and Lightweight Structural Applications
Abstract:Mg alloys such as AZ31 are attractive for military armor applications, because of their strength to weight ratio, and ease of machining. Research has shown that reduction of grain sizes below 100 nm can result in an increase in material performance, and strength. However Mg nano-particles can be dangerous to process, as a result of their pyrophoric nature, and very sensitive to corrosion and oxidation. By using a unique synthesis technique, GDL will combine graphene nano-particles with Mg nano-particles in a chemical solution phase method. This method will strengthen the resulting nanocomposite and increase corrosion resistance of the nano-Mg. This novel nanocomposite will have the advantages of being lighter than aluminum alloys, while having as high or higher strength, without the normal vulnerabilities and dangers of Mg processing. It will also lower the cost of production using Spark Plasma Sintering to produce near net shapes directly from powder. As a result particle sizes can be reduced and keep below 100 nm in diameter, and tensile strength should be increased well over 300 MPa g-1 cm3 while also increasing ductility.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2513
Adam Goff
A10-053      Awarded:2/4/2011
Title:High-Strength Mechanically Alloyed Magnesium Nanocomposites
Abstract:The military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past decade have resulted in a heavier U.S. Army. Soldiers are carrying more body armor, more batteries for field equipment, and more combat gear than ever before. Ground vehicles including HMMWVs, MRAPs, and Strykers all require multiple heavy armor solutions to mitigate ballistic and IED blast threats. Even rotorcraft including the Apache and Black Hawk helicopters aren’t immune to weight increases associated with ballistic armor requirements. Our continued military superiority and operational versatility will only be possible if warfighter air and ground vehicle system mass is significantly reduced. In order to help maintain the U.S. Army’s continued superiority and versatility and enable it in the future, Luna Innovations, in partnership with the Applied Research Lab at Penn State, are developing high strength, CNT-reinforced, mechanically alloyed magnesium nanocomposites using methods that are scaleable and transitionable into production practice. A mechanical alloying approach will be used coupled with spark plasma sintering technology to develop nano-crystalline CNT- reinforced Mg metal matrix composites that offer tensile yield strengths greater than 600 MPa coupled with room temperature failure strain of 5% or greater.

MATSYS, Inc.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
A10-053      Awarded:11/24/2010
Title:Novel Nanostructured Magnesium Composites for Lightweight, Structural Applications
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop novel compositions and processing techniques to produce lightweight, high-strength, nanostructured, Mg-based composites for structural and light armor applications. This effort will combine new approaches in composite material design with our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) to develop a new generation of cost-efficient, low density and high strength composite materials. In the proposed concept we will use mechanical alloying (MA) to strengthen Mg and Mg alloys by dispersing fibers, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), or hard particles, such as boron carbide and graphene, and achieving a nano-grained composite powder. The composite powder will then be consolidated to full density using instrumented-HIP to minimize the exposure of the powder to high temperature and preserve the microstructure of the starting powder. During this program, we will demonstrate the use of MA and instrumented-HIP to achieve the desired nanostructure in a fully dense composite and quantify the dependence of the mechanical properties on the amount of reinforcement. MATSYS will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabrication, from different composite powders, fully dense, low density and high strength nanostructured composites that will enhance the performance of lightweight, structural materials and armor applications.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
A10-054      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Optical Techniques for Hemispherical Situational Awareness
Abstract:OKSI proposes to investigate three different techniques to produce hemispherical situational awareness: (i) an all-optical system, (ii) a miniature, multi-camera system, and (iii) and a hybrid optical/camera system. We will compare each technique in Phase-I using laboratory prototypes assembled from off-the-shelf components. We will use the data collected to establish clear trades allowing us to recommend the optimal system for full prototype development in Phase-II.

Holochip Corporation
4940 W. 147th Street
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 906-1064
Robert Batchko
A10-055      Awarded:12/28/2010
Title:A Large Field-of-View and High-Resolution Camera in a Small Form Factor
Abstract:Small lightweight cameras having high resolution are indispensible in a plethora of applications in military, homeland defense, commercial, medical and numerous other fields. Many of these applications would benefit from cameras enabled with a large field-of-view (FOV) while maintaining the camera's small footprint and high resolution. An imaging system with these characteristics may be applied to a soldier’s handheld camera, or mounted on a small robotic vehicle used for the detection and classification of unexploded ordinance (UXO). Current imaging technology either sacrifices resolution for a greater FOV or cannot maintain high resolution over the entirety of the FOV. Recent advancements including transformation optics, metamaterial-enabled gradient-index and Luneburg lenses, curved focal plane image sensors and adaptive optics have paved the way for the development of a novel camera design. Holochip will leverage these recent technical advancements to develop a high-resolution large-field-of-view camera with a small form factor and advance the state of the art of panoramic imaging.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Edward DeHoog
A10-055      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Miniature Multiple Aperture Camera
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a small form-factor camera that can provide a high- resolution image over a wide field of view (FOV), resulting in higher detection and classification of unexploded ordnance, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Miniature Multiple Aperture Camera (MiniMAC). This proposed MiniMAC is based on novel hybrid lens concepts that have high precision optics and unique compound- eye design, which provide high resolution and wide FOV. The innovation in high-precision diffractive and highly aspheric plastic optics and compound eyes, based on focal plane array (FPA) tiling and reorientation, will enable the MiniMAC to widen the FOV to a 180 x 90 deg. high-resolution (submicron), small form-factor camera. Thus, POC’s MiniMAC offers a small form factor, high-resolution, low-power wide FOV camera that directly addresses the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MiniMAC by optical and numerical simulation, component selection, and prototype implementation. Trade-offs will be established for finding best combination of FOV, resolution, and sensitivity while keeping size, weight and power (SWaP) requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop the system designed in Phase I, and to deliver the fabricated MiniMAC system to the Army.

Crossfield Technology LLC
9390 Research Blvd Suite I200
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Dennis Ferguson
A10-056      Awarded:12/30/2010
Title:Affordable GPS-independent Precision Munitions
Abstract:Crossfield, together with Omnitek Partners, will investigate and develop GPS Independent Precision Munition guidance architecture that has comparable accuracy to GPS and is inherently hard to jamming and interference. The baseline architecture will employ a novel orientation sensor that provides both orientation and can provide position location. The sensor will operate in the 60 GHz oxygen absorption frequency band, which offers significant advantages in terms of robustness to jamming and interference as well as providing covertness (low probability of intercept or LPI). Crossfield and Omnitek propose a six month effort with Option. The Phase I program will include investigation into precision guidance and control concepts using the orientation sensor as a baseline. In addition, the current off-the-shelf orientation sensors will be integrated with off the shelf inertial sensor and used to validate control and sensing concepts under real hardware constraints that cannot be easily simulated without the use of tools or test beds ordinarily beyond the scope of an SBIR program. In this way, the overall risk to the Army of a Phase II program are significantly mitigated.

Kord Technologies, Inc.
701 Pratt Avenue
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 617-0957
Craig Farlow
A10-058      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Development of a Two Color Polarimetric Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) Camera System
Abstract:The Army has identified the need to enhance existing reconnaissance and surveillance platforms by utilizing emerging sensor technologies to support both domestic and national security operations. Situational awareness imagery has become a vital tool for locating, identifying and helping to neutralize threats. However, recent US military experience in IRAQ as well as illegal entry into the US across national borders, vividly demonstrates the need for improvements in this type of imagery. Furthermore, the urgency of these threats demands quick, cost effective solutions that can be easily integrated into existing systems without loss of current functionality. One very promising enhancement is polarimetric imagery. Additional information, not available in visible and infrared imagery, is gained by producing a polarimetric image of a scene. An even greater potential exists when combining polarization imagery from two different wavebands. Kord Technologies and Digital Fusion plan to study the feasibility of developing a compact ruggedized two color polarimetric sensor. The proposed solution involves leveraging a dual band (MWIR/LWIR) infrared sensor developed and already fielded by a prime DoD contractor. The primary design effort will center on bonding (or fabricating) a micro-polarizer array (MPA) to the infrared focal plane array (FPA).

Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc.
200 Westside Square Suite 320
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-0087
J. Larry Pezzaniti
A10-058      Awarded:11/20/2010
Title:Development of a Two Color Polarimetric Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) Camera System
Abstract:MWIR and LWIR polarization imaging holds promise for providing significant improvements in contrast in a number of target detection and discrimination applications. In several recent development efforts, it has been demonstrated that manmade objects have a significantly stronger polarization signal than natural backgrounds resulting in good contrast that complements the conventionally imaged infrared signature. Significant data has been collected in the MWIR and LWIR portions of the spectra and each waveband has merits and drawbacks over the other waveband. Furthermore other enhancements are expected when the wavebands are collected simultaneously. Polaris Sensor Technologies, Inc proposes in a phase I effort to design a MWIR/LWIR dual waveband imaging polarimeter. The system will collect spatially and temporally coherent images of polarization in both bands. In a single frame period, the system will collect four images: two polarized MWIR images and two polarized LWIR images. The frames will be used to compute either s1 or s2 in both wavebands. A continuously rotating achromatic half wave retarder will be used to switch between s1 and s2. The system will be design utilizes COTS optical components, polarization optics and FPAs.

Enig Associates, Inc.
4600 East West Hwy Suite 500
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 680-8600
Y.B. Kim
A10-059      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Electromagnetic Explosive Warhead (EMEW) for Scalable Lethal and Nonlethal Effects
Abstract:Enig Associates, Inc., a woman-owned, small business providing advanced modeling and simulation capabilities to the DoD and DoE, is proposing an innovative and novel electrical approach, using explosive-driven flux compression generators (FCG) to convert explosive chemical energy to electromagnetic energy with very high current output and superb energy conversion efficiency and then enhance explosive load to augment reaction zone pressure and detonation speed with electromagnetic energy. Electrical conditioning can also be applied to munition casing to control fragmentation and blast pattern and directionality. The proposed program will use Lockheed Martin Missiles & Fire Control (LMMFC) as our Phase I/II subcontractor and is complementary to our DARPA MAHEM Phase 3 program. Both theoretical and computational tools will be utilized in designing an integrated munition with augmented explosion, selectable fragmentation, and controlled blast to provide scalable and adaptive lethal effects against targets.

Engineered Performance Materials Company, LLC
11228 Lemen Road Suite A
Whitmore Lake, MI 48189
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 786-3454
Vladimir Segal
A10-060      Awarded:1/27/2011
Title:Fabrication of High-Strength, Lightweight Metals for Armor and Structural Applications
Abstract:The project will develop a new processing technology of equal-channel angular extrusion (ECAE) providing semi-continuous multipass ECAE without necessity for billet cleaning, reshaping and preheating between passes. This approach turns ECAE into an effective operation that can be applied at large metallurgical scale and to massive production. Followed rolling, low-cost bulk products such as plates and sheets with ultra-fine grained and nano structures having superior properties are fabricated for different applications. Particular applications are high strength aluminum alloy armor plates and rolled products for precision forging, panel forming, superplastic forming and deep drawing in defence, aerospace, automotive and others industries.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Brian Doud
A10-060      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Accumulative Roll Bonding of Ultrahigh Strength Light Alloys
Abstract:The proposed Phase I SBIR project will conduct exploratory development of scalable manufacturing processes for producing high strength lightweight metals. This Phase I SBIR program will extend work and significant prior investment that Powdermet has carried out in the nanocomposite and syntactic composite aluminum system, and in this program we will utilize recent developments in nanocrystalline magnesium alloys, along with large scale mill equipment purchased and installed by Powdermet to produce 12” X 12” plates using a series of processing schemes. The base approach to be taken in this Phase I program will be to try and validate the exploratory work done on milled, Mg-2Y-1Zn alloys by Koch et al, which demonstrated over 2GPa hardnesses in mechanically alloyed Mg-2Y-1Zn alloys that were hot pressed at 180°C to develop long range order. The long period superlattice phase proposed by Inoue in rapidly solidified Mg-Y-Zn alloy powders, combined with the nanocrystalline grains size derived from the mechanical alloying process at North Carolina State University, are believed to be the underlying strengthening mechanisms resulting in the high strength. This program will focus entirely on the magnesium alloys during Phase I.

General Opto Solutions, LLC
1366 Ridge Master Drive
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-5982
Yunjin Zhang
A10-061      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Rapid, contamination free growth of large single crystals of aluminum oxynitride (AlON)
Abstract:In this project, we will develop and demonstrate an innovative process for growing large size single crystal aluminum oxynitride (AlON). The proposed process is not only contamination-free but also preventing volatilization and maintaining the stoichiometry of the sample materials. This is particularly important to grow large size AlON single crystal because it can be decomposed at the melting temperature without proper environmental control. Furthermore, it is a rapid growing process so that it can be scaled up for highly efficient and low-cost production of large size AlON single crystals. AlON single crystal samples with all the required properties ( e.g., > 2 cubic millimeters, 80% visible in-line transmittance, stoichiometric composition, optically isotropic single crystals., and the acceptable cubic elastic constants) will be grown at the Phase I stage. A higher quality (e.g., 85% visible in-line transmittance) and larger size (50 millimeter diameter x 25 mm millimeter thick) will be developed at the Phase II stage by refining and optimizing the growing method and procedures developed at the Phase I stage.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5727
Uday Kashalikar
A10-061      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Formation of Large Single Crystals of Aluminum Oxynitride (ALON) Ceramic
Abstract:This project will develop and demonstrate a process for the formation of large single crystal aluminum oxynitride (AlON) material with homogenous, isotropic properties. This material has applications in optoelectronics subsystems for a number of defense systems. The Phase I program will involve key experiments and analyses to prove feasibility of producing homogenous, isotropic single crystal AlON specimens in at least 2 mm cube size. Under Phase I Option, the size will be scaled up. The follow-on Phase II program will prove repeatability in the process and scale up size to at least 1 in. 50 mm diam. x 25 mm thick. Surmet is already working with a number of defense contractors and have transitioned current polycrystalline AlON in defense systems. This will lay a strong foundation for commercialization of the proposed single crystal AlON technology.

Free Form Fibers L.L.C.
26 F Congress Street No. 312
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 269-5059
Joseph Pegna
A10-062      Awarded:1/7/2011
Title:Inexpensive Large Scale Manufacturing of High Specific Modulus and Strength Ceramic Fibers
Abstract:This ARMY SBIR Phase I project will determine the best opto-mechanical approach for massively parallel Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition of ceramic fibers by building on work already performed at RPI, Univ of Montreal, and Free Form Fibers (FFF). Ceramic fibers are typically produced using polymeric precursors, which means that stoichiometrically pure fibers are almost impossible to attain, limiting (usually severely) their potential performance in the severe applications they are intended for in the first place. FFF’s direct Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition production of pure fibers produces high purity monofilaments in a single “extrusion microtube” but commercial scale-up requires a sea change in manufacturing approach. This work investigates (in Phase I) creating a massively parallel array of laser beams, via either monolithic laser diode arrays, or a single laser and a high- power diffraction grating, and using this pattern (in a Phase I Option) to create a matching extrusion microtube array so that hundreds of stoichiometrically pure fibers can ultimately be grown at commercial scale via LCVD. Two approaches to the microtube array fabrication will be investigated, and one selected depending in part on the quality of the laser beam array and in part on results of microtube array fabrication experiments.

M Cubed Technologies, Inc.
35 Corporate Drive, Suite 1110
Trumbull, CT 06611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 454-8600
Michael K. Aghajanian
A10-063      Awarded:12/10/2010
Title:Metallic Encapsulation of Ceramic Tile Arrays
Abstract:The Army is in need of an improved armor solution for ground vehicles that possesses modularity, reduced weight, attractive cost, high ballistic resistance, durability, and tolerance to environmental affects. To meet this need, the use of large panels made by casting metal around an array of ceramic tiles is proposed. Such a product will possess high mass efficiency due to the presence of the ceramic tiles, will have high durability due to the presence of the metal surround, and will have attractive cost due to the casting process. Moreover, significant opportunity exists to optimize such products (e.g., by choice of metal type, ceramic type, ceramic size and shape, etc.). From work in other areas (e.g., MMCs), M Cubed has significant skills with metal to ceramic wetting and bonding. This knowledge will be used on the present program to allow the development and production of high performance ceramic/metal macro-composites with excellent interfacial bond strength and structural integrity. A four task Phase I program is proposed, namely (1) research with cast metal encapsulation of ceramics, (2) process development, scale-up and testing, (3) manufacture of two deliverable 26” x 26” armor arrays, and (4) generate cost model.

REL, Inc.
57640 North Eleventh St.
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3018
Josh Loukus
A10-063      Awarded:12/30/2010
Title:Cast Encapsulation of Unfinished Ceramic Armor Tiles
Abstract:Presently, the Army experiences numerous problems with existing manufacturing processes for the metal encapsulation of ceramic tiles within the current inventory of armor solutions. REL, Inc. will address the specific problems of directly casting the encapsulated ceramic structure to net/near net shape and the high cost of ceramic tile finishing practices currently required for existing ceramic panel designs through the identification and implementation of a new manufacturing process. This process will allow the ceramic tiles to remain unfinished before encapsulation, thereby eliminating the need for close tolerances and greatly reducing manufacturing costs while increasing the quality and consistency of the end product. Ultimately, this will result in the availability of more systems through the establishment of a new industry standard that will provide the required legacy and future platform for an innovative integrate and materials process for the survivability of the Warfighter.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A10-064      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:Electric and Magnetic Photonic Sensor System for Small UAVs
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-integrated sensors for detecting power lines and nearby aircraft, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Electric and Magnetic Photonic Sensor (EMPHOS) system. The proposed EMPHOS is based on photonic sensor technology under development at POC, combined with signal discrimination algorithms. Using passive sensors with no active electrical components reduces electromagnetic interference, as do the signal discrimination algorithms, enabling the full range of sensor sensitivity to be exploited. Planar microfabrication techniques result in a compact lightweight system (<2 oz.) with low projected manufacturing costs (<$100/system). These innovations enable the EMPHOS to be integrated into small UAV platforms, providing detection, localization, and navigation around power lines in a complex urban environment. In addition, the EMPHOS system offers the ability to identify and track moving sources, directly addressing the Army’s requirements for small UAV applications. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate EMPHOS feasibility by assembling and testing a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to fabricate and demonstrate the performance of a functional EMPHOS prototype on a UAV.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1737
Yongming Zhang
A10-064      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Light Weight Electric and Magnetic-Field Sensors for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Abstract:In order to function at their maximum operational potential, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) must have detailed information about their environment. The DoD has a need for a technology that can be configured into a compact, lightweight package for mounting on a small UAV (SUAV) that still provides accurate, real-time information about the location of power lines. One method to solve this problem is to equip UAVs with real-time, in-flight power line sensing using specially designed electric-field (E-field) and magnetic-field (B-field) sensors. QUASAR Federal Systems proposes to design and construct a lightweight, low power sensor package based on our already existing compact induction coils, compact E- field sensor, and miniature data acquisition board (DAQ). We will optimize the sensor and DAQ designs for appropriate fidelity and resolution. In addition to designing the sensor package, we will investigate mounting schemes on the sponsor-selected UAV. The package will then be integrated into a low-cost, research grade SUAV. Along with the hardware development, we will research a signal processing algorithm to provide real-time determination of the distance to power lines based on the measured E and B-fields. Finally, field tests will be performed to verify the proper operation of the hardware and the algorithm.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Duane Cline
A10-064      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Small Unmanned Air Vehicle Magnetic-Field Sensors
Abstract:The ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have highlighted the benefits and limitations of small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) operated by front-line combat units and special operations forces. The real-time imagery provided by narrow field of view electro-optical or infrared (EO/IR) cameras installed on small UAS significantly improves situational awareness without exposing soldiers to direct fire. However, these aircraft are limited to operation in segregated airspace at altitudes that prevent collisions with power lines, buildings or uneven terrain and cannot detect activity inside buildings, caves or tunnels. Magnetic field sensors installed on small UAS can be used to detect power lines, building wiring, hidden electrical power sources, and possibly other aircraft. An important step in developing this capability is the suppression of electromagnetic interference (EMI) produced by the aircraft electronics to maximize sensor performance. The proposed SBIR program will leverage SARA’s experience in the development, integration and testing of magnetic field sensors on UAVs gained during DARPA’s Low Altitude Airborne Sensor System (LAASS) program. During Phase I we will evaluate the potential effectiveness of candidate sensor system designs and signal processing algorithms, laying the foundation for development and demonstration of a prototype system during Phase II.

Impact Computing Corporation
606 Burnt Mills Avenue
Silver Spring, MD 20901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 593-2350
Hyam Singer
A10-065      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Weather Impact Probability Forecasting (WIPCast)
Abstract:Impact Computing has assembled a world class team – supported by University of Washington, ZedX and Marcus Weather – uniquely qualified to develop the Weather Impact Probability Forecast (WIPCast) system proposed herein. Our approach builds on the research and work of both Dr. Tony Eckel and Dr. Adrian Raftery in the domain of probabilistic forecasting and its practical application. Key innovations and features of our WIPCast solution include: • Calculation of Weather Impact Probability (WIP) to convey the total risk of serious degradation to the complete mission from weather • Development and application of Mission Impact Functions (MIFs) that describe the uncertainty in the chance of mission failure from actual occurrence of adverse weather • Objective calculation of ambiguity in the ensemble forecast and translation into a WIP confidence interval to convey confidence in the decision input • Statistical amalgamation of the potential impact from multivariate weather sensitivities, based on a multivariate space-time probability model for the weather elements of interest, conditioned on the calibrated ensemble forecasts • Flexible Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) that maximizes interoperability with existing systems and frameworks • Data source agnostic approach that avoids reliance on the peculiarities or idiosyncrasies of any particular mesoscale ensemble data source

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Bin Zhang
A10-065      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:A Real-Time Probabilistic Aviation Decision Aid Based on Mesoscale Weather Ensemble Forecasting
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, in partnership with the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms at the University of Oklahoma, proposes to develop a real-time, accurate, and reliable mesoscale ensemble forecasting for the probabilistic analysis of adverse weather in a 4-D framework to assist aviation decisions in terms of mission planning, enroute re-planning, and risk management. To improve the reliability and effectiveness of mission operations, the probabilistic approach fuses weather forecasts with established planning techniques so that commanders are able to plan the mission adaptively and optimally. Key elements include mesoscale ensemble forecasting based on the WRF model, extraction/interpolation of probabilities associated with adverse weather, mission planning/re-planning based on D*- Lite and rapidly-exploring random tree, and insurance-inspired risk management. The proposed system requires no meteorological interpretation by commanders and, therefore, provides tangible benefits to stakeholders at all echelons. In the Phase I, we will define, prototype and demonstrate the proposed solution within a highly modular structure such that it can be extended to provide enhancement to the deployed weather support tools such as AWRT and IWEDA. In the following phases, Impact will work closely with CAPS and OEM partners to develop a technology transition plan for military and commercial applications.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4815
Andrzej J. Przekwas
A10-066      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:A Physical and Virtual Head Phantom for Evaluating Human Performance using EEG Equipment
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop and deliver a rugged and portable human head/brain physical phantom that could be used for evaluation of existing and next generation EEG equipment. We will also develop, validate and deliver a virtual computational head phantom that could be used for evaluation of source localization. Computational models will be used to design both simple and anatomical head phantoms and the distribution and orientation of the dipole array within the head phantom as well as applied electrical signals needed to achieve typical EEG wave patterns measured in humans. In phase I, we will design and fabricate a prototype human head/brain phantom sufficient to test the fabrication process, selection of materials, implantation of dipole sources, testing of driving electronics and acquisition of EEG signals. The fabricated head phantom will be used for bench top experimental testing with and without environmental noise. At the end of phase I, an integrated prototype system will be delivered to the Army for independent evaluation. In phase II we will conduct iterative design and improvements of the new rugged and portable system of an instrumented human head/brain phantom. It will allow precise positioning of an array of intracranial dipole sources and digital control of the electronic signals. A neck model will be designed to mount the head phantom on commercially available manikins used in the vehicle safety design.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
A10-066      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Neurological Head Simulator for In-the-Field EEG Recordings
Abstract:Neuroscience is rapidly expanding beyond its traditional role in the clinic to a practical method of evaluating cognitive performance in the field. The transition of clinical neuroscience tools into operational environments is of particular interest to the military due to the need for soldiers to perform increasingly complex tasks under extremely difficult conditions. Successful transition into operational environments hinges on the ability to obtain high quality electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in the presence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) and other physiologic artifacts in a manner that is comfortable and compatible with personal protective equipment. Quantitative analysis of EEG can be used to determine concentration, fatigue, and excessive workload provided that sufficiently high quality, artifact-free signals can be recorded. The adverse nature of the environment, combined with the relatively low amplitude of EEG signals, motivates the use of realistic EEG phantoms to evaluate different recording systems, signal processing methodologies, and the impact of environmental conditions before collection of operational recordings from soldiers. This project aims to develop a head phantom capable of providing realistic EEG recordings in a wide variety of operational conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A10-066      Awarded:1/6/2011
Title:Head-Shaped Neurological Simulator System
Abstract:To address the Army need for a neurological simulator, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Head-shaped Neurological Simulator (NEUROSIM) system, based on a unique frequency synthesis algorithm and development of novel synthetic head phantom material. The innovative NEUROSIM system design allows generation of human EEG-like patterns (alpha, beta, theta, delta, and gamma waves in the range of 100 microvolts and 50 Hz) on the surface of a head-shaped physical model. As a result, researchers can use standard EEG caps and equipment to quantify external noise sources during actual field experiments and develop an artifact model to eliminate unwanted and unexpected noise sources from measured field data. Ruggedized packaging makes NEUROSIM long-lasting and maintenance-free, significantly reducing operational and ownership cost. The wireless design and user-friendly software makes it easy to program various brain states and user- defined wave patterns. In Phase I, POC will develop an engineering design and assemble a proof-of-concept prototype to demonstrate NEUROSIM feasibility by simulating EEG-like voltages on a head model. In Phase II, POC will develop two rugged, portable, field-usable, and digitally programmable working models of NEUROSIM with a technology readiness level (TRL) 4-5 for testing and verification at the Army Research Lab.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth A. Falcone
A10-067      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Low Latency Self Calibrating Constrained Digital Filter
Abstract:The Army is looking to research and develop a programmable multichannel radio frequency filter-equalizer having a programmable number of channels, each programmable with potentially unequal spacing, bandwidth, and equalization. What is needed is a digitally programmable multichannel filter-equalizer that can perform complex filtering function tailored to multiple applications. The challenging requirements include latency of less than 50 nS, channel bandwidth down to 100 KHz, and 200 MHz bandwidth with 70 dB dynamic range. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by combining our capabilities in high precision high bandwidth custom DSP hardware with our expertise in digital filtering and calibration. Specifically, we intend to integrate our existing equalization, calibration, and response matching algorithms together, and merge them into a low latency version of our frequency hopping notch filter architecture implemented on a custom PCB. The proposed self calibrating hardware design is based on our existing DSP board, and is targeted at a production cost of $6000 each in volume.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
William Hallidy
A10-067      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:ProgrammAble Multichannel Equalizing Filter System (PAMEF)
Abstract:Many radar sensors and communications systems need a multichannel filter-equalizer system that can be programmed by GUI for variable numbers of channels, each having independent center frequency, bandwidth, stop bands and equalization parameters. Military need includes systems to counter IEDs, multiband EA and EP radar systems and communication systems. Currently, programs resort to implementations consisting of parallel or switched banks of fixed bandwidth filters and passive equalizers. Digitally programmable multichannel filter-equalizers to perform filtering for varying signal environments is needed. Therefore, Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) will leverage our experience with our ADEP™ technology to create a ProgrammAble Multichannel Equalizing Filter System (PAMEF) designed so users can place multiple, independent bandwidth filters anywhere from 30 MHz to greater than 380 MHz. PAMEF will allow design of programmable filters having 0 dB gain over all channels while maintaining flatness of less than + 0.5 dB with -70 dBc in stop bands. PAMEF design permits all channels to have constant delay; it allows each channel to be independently equalized and signals from individual channels to be summed digitally or output separately to analog. Filter designs employ GUI based “draw your filter response” and low-level command programming syntax to minimize response time.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Junqing Ma
A10-068      Awarded:1/5/2011
Title:A Low Cost Process to Produce Carbon Fluoride for Lithium Batteries
Abstract:For soldiers communication applications that require long life, light weight and very low self- discharge, Li/(CFx)n lithium primary chemistry is considered to be a superior choice. The high cost of current carbon monofluoride materials, however, will add significantly to the total cost of the battery. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a low cost process to produce CFx materials with a greater than 80% cost saving. PSI’s process eliminates the usage of elemental fluorine gas and operates at a lower temperature. In the Phase I program, PSI will demonstrate the feasibility of using PSI’s electrochemical fluorination process to produce CFx materials at a significantly lower cost. Comparable electrochemical performance to state-of-the-art CFx materials in lithium cells will be demonstrated in the Phase I. In the Phase II program, PSI will scale up the CFx production to kilograms and D cells will be demonstrated in collaboration with a battery manufacturing partner.

Arbor Photonics, Inc
251 Jackson Plaza Unit A1
Ann Arbor, MI 48103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 255-1338
Thomas Sosnowski
A10-069      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Compact, Rugged and Ultrafast Femtosecond Laser for Hazardous Material Detection at Range
Abstract:Arbor Photonics proposes to design a compact, rugged, high-power femtosecond (fs) pulsed fiber laser system capable of delivering pulse energy greater than 100 ěJ, pulse width narrower than 100 fs, and bandwidth broader than 25 nm. Successful development of such a laser will enable significant progress toward real-world applications of advanced, pulse laser spectroscopy for remote detection of hazardous materials. This laser system architecture will be based on the use of advanced technologies including Chirally-Coupled Core (3C) fiber in fiber-based component and amplification stages, fiber Bragg gratings for gain shaping, and volume Bragg gratings for pulse stretching and compression. 3C fibers support very large mode field diameters while maintaining a single-mode-quality beam. Large-core, single-mode-quality fiber is a necessity for meeting the challenging requirements of the specified system. Fiber Bragg gratings and volume Bragg gratings will be exploited as robust, compact means of spectral and dispersion control. Development work required to meet this SBIR’s Phase I objectives includes investigation of spectral shaping techniques based on fiber Bragg grating filters, laser system design, chirped-pulse system design based on volume Bragg gratings, and a size, weight, and power assessment.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A10-069      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Compact and Rugged Femtosecond Fiber Laser for Hazardous Material Detection at Range
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high energy (>100 micro-J and <100fs) fiber laser to meet with the requirement of this solicitation, by incorporating our proprietary technology of pulse shaping technology in high energy amplifier system. A proof of concept experiment will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame. A prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Paul Yelvington
A10-070      Awarded:1/20/2011
Title:Compact, In-Line Sensor for Direct Measurement of Sulfur in Liquid JP-8
Abstract:Fuel cell technology has progressed to the point where fuel reforming and desulfurization has become the limiting factor. The platinum catalysts used in fuel cells are poisoned by sulfur compounds in the fuel. The proposed effort will develop a compact, rugged, in-line sensor for measuring total sulfur in JP-8 before it enters the desulfurization system. This sensor will allow better management of the desulfurization equipment and minimize its maintenance requirements (e.g., replacement of consumables). The proposed sensor is small, lightweight, and allows direct measurement of sulfur in the liquid fuel. The sensor is non-destructive and has low power requirements, making continuous, in-line monitoring possible. The technical approach will be proven out in Phase I, and a transition-ready technology demonstrator will be delivered at the end of Phase II.

Materials and Systems Research, Inc.
5395 West 700 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 530-4987
Joonho Koh
A10-070      Awarded:2/17/2011
Title:Compact and Lightweight Solid-State Electrochemical Sensor for Sulfur Oxide
Abstract:The sulfur content of JP-8 fuel varies in a wide range up to 3000 ppm and it is detrimental to a fuel cell based auxiliary power units. The concentration of sulfur must be closely monitored to allow the APU to fully function within specification. A highly selective solid-state electrochemical sensor is suitable for continuous monitoring of sulfur dioxide which is formed by conversion of all the sulfur species in the fuel at the exhaust of a fuel processor. Materials & Systems Research, Inc. has developed a unique ceramic processing technology that allows synthesis of a stable solid-state fast ion conducting material. Solid electrolyte sensors will be fabricated in Phase-I and they will be tested for demonstration of the required sensitivity, selectivity, and stability.

Plasmonics Inc.
12565 Research Parkway Suite 300
Orlando, FL 32801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 920-4844
David Shelton
A10-071      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Profile Feature Extractor (PFx) Sensor Component for Persistent ISR Applications
Abstract:Currently no source exists for detector pixels arranged in custom arrays suitable for use with the PFx sensor. Plasmonics Inc proposes to become a source for such detectors by designing a new fabrication process for custom microbolometer arrays using a novel vanadium oxide alloy. This new bolometer material has comparable temperature coefficient of resistance to commercially available products, but it has lower resistivity resulting in reduced noise and improved sensitivity. Greater sensitivity means that the sensor will have greater range which is important to the UGS program. An innovative process methodology is proposed to manufacture custom arrays without the need to re-tool a production line for each new array factor. The new detector arrays are proposed to be fabricated directly on silicon wafers, ready to be wire bonded into a PFx sensor. In phase I the feasibility of both the new alloy microbolometer fabrication process and the production methodology will be examined in laboratory experiments. Completion of the SBIR program will result in improved sensitivity sparse-array detectors that can be produced more efficiently and cost effectively than the current commercial solution.

RenderMatrix, Inc.
3118 Bluffdale
Memphis, TN 38118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(901) 490-3717
Joseph Qualls
A10-071      Awarded:2/3/2011
Title:Sensor Atom Configuration Software
Abstract:The software system, Sensor Atom Configuration Software (SACS), will use of knowledge management techniques through ontologies capturing knowledge about sensor atoms and 3D targets, advance algorithm design, and concept of operations to allow for flexible sensor system design and predict sensor performance. Sensor atoms are the fundamental unit of a sensor embodying the most basic properties in terms of temporal, spatial and spectral resolution. SACS will allow the user to chose multiple types of sensor atoms and define properties such as spatial layout and operational objectives, which will form the building blocks of a sensor configuration. The output of the sensor configuration will then be simulated with a 3D target. Features extracted from the simulated output will then be sent to performance algorithms to determine the ability of the sensor configuration to detect the 3D target with classification algorithms.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
A10-072      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Intelligent Toolset for Accessing Situational Knowledge (ITASK)
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a model-driven, agent-based Intelligent Toolset for Accessing Situational Knowledge (ITASK). This system will support Commanders and Battle Staffs in collecting and filtering data, from large information repositories in a net-centric environment, and in organizing and visualizing relevant portions to meet their critical situation awareness needs in a timely manner. We propose to use an integrated hybrid of intelligent search agents and decision support tools fitted to respond to knowledge management demands in the context of counterinsurgency planning and mission monitoring. Our approach focuses on enhancing performance in three areas: first, we will use decision models to identify critical information needs of the Battle Staff at any point in the decision making process; second, we will apply intelligent search agents to find and evaluate the information meeting those needs from the many large heterogeneous databases available; and finally, we will design a user interface with innovative display and retrieval technologies to allow rapid, efficient exploration of relevant information elements and to map them to related factors in the decision model. We will leverage our related developments in decision support systems for tactical users and prior focused research on multi-agent coordination and human interaction with intelligent systems.

Sytronics, Inc.
4433 Dayton-Xenia Road Building 1
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-6110
Jeff Collier
A10-072      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:SOLDIER ADAPTABILITY/HUMAN DIMENSION: Knowledge Management Framework for Network Centric Operations
Abstract:The amount of network-centric data from repositories, sensors, and human inputs has created significant problems that impede the effective organization of this data into actionable knowledge that can improve situation awareness and, ultimately, mission performance. Many technologies, for instance, databases and on-line mapping, have been designed to manage this information for specific task sets. However these technologies are difficult to apply broadly because the analysis tools embed a particular command intent related to the way information is organized and processed. Moreover they make this process opaque creating a host of human factors problems. This proposal describes the Search Agents and Tools for Intelligent Net-centric Operations (SATIN) concept for the development of a knowledge management based decision support system. SATIN allows the operator to incorporate his CONOPS and commander’s intent in interfaces designed to minimize cognitive workload and maximize situational awareness. SATIN will leverage an advanced filtering, fusion, and analysis (FFA) system based on a cloud-computing paradigm for processing the net-centric data sources to reduce extraneous information. It also uses advanced human interface technologies including Recognition-Primed Decision Making (RPDM) and Visual Thinking (VT) concepts to present relevant data to the human operator maximizing ease of comprehension and control.

AnthroTronix, Inc
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0770
Corinna Lathan
A10-073      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Communication-based Operational Multi-Modal Automated Navigation Device (COMMAND)
Abstract:The proposed SBIR effort seeks to design, develop, and validate a Communication and Operational Multi-Modal Automated Navigation Device (COMMAND) that 1) combines AnthroTronix, Inc (ATinc)’s existing Haptic Automated Communication System (HACS) with the Lockheed Martin Distributed Operations (DisOPS) GPS-driven mission planning and support system, and 2) incorporates a novel software system (WayPOINT) to provide intelligent, automated, multimodal information processing and display to support dismount infantry operations. The system will support a variety of input modalities, including automated recognition of standard hand and arm signal communications using ATinc’s instrumented glove (iGlove), and output modalities, including haptic feedback, auditory feedback, and visual feedback on a map-based display. The Phase I effort will include development of a prototype system and initial validation of the system within a pilot experiment comparing performance on a dual task using singular and combined input and output modalities. The Phase I Option effort will expand the capabilities of the WayPOINT software and validate the COMMAND prototype within the context of an operational task with active duty military personnel.

Engineering Acoustics, Inc.
406 Live Oaks Blvd
Casselberry, FL 32707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Gary Zets
A10-073      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Multisensory Navigation and Communications System
Abstract:Combat environments can subject personnel to extreme conditions, testing the limits of both their physical and cognitive abilities. Tactile displays offer a relatively untapped channel for dismounted warfighter navigation, and can be an effective communication modality even under situations where the conventional communication channels such as visual, audio and even vestibular become disorientated. This proposal leverages off EAI’s previously developed linear actuator tactile transducers, controllers and belt technology and proposes to extend it into a proof-of-concept system that enables the investigation of multisensory navigation among dismounted soldiers. The system would enable soldiers to quickly navigate to or away from specified waypoints or areas, while maintaining radio silence and light security. The resulting system has the potential to greatly improve the dismounted warfighter’s individual and team performance and survivability by improving situational awareness and communication in the combat environment.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Xichun Zhou
A10-074      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Integrated Lab-on-chip Universal Bio-sample Preparation Module
Abstract:We propose to develop a self-contained, integrated, disposable universal sampling platform that enables streamlined workflow in the preparation of viral and bacterial sample and obtaining PCR-ready nucleic acids and immuno-reactive content from a variety of sample matrices such as water, whole blood and plasma (virtually any biological matrix). The platform consist a low cost, disposable, microfluidic-based cassette. The cassette accepts a sample of biological fluid and performs lysis; nucleic acid isolation, concentration, as well as protein isolation and purification. The cassette stores on-board all the required buffers and dry reagents, as well as, provides on-chip pumping and flow control. The performance of the module device will be evaluated and tested by identifying the presence of Bacteria E. Coli in spiked samples. The proposed sample preparation system will allow the non-skilled user to process raw samples in a rapid, simple process, enabling push button automated lysis, concentration and purification of isolation of disease specific RNA and DNA, peptides and proteins.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0666
Ketan Bhatt
A10-074      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:µBioPrep: A Novel Microfluidic Cartridge for Universal Bio-sample Preparation
Abstract:A critical but often overlooked aspect of bioagent detection is rendering the complex environmental sample ready for detection. Commercially available sample preparation technologies are time-consuming, high cost and require trained personnel and sophisticated equipment for operation and thus are not feasible for field use. Furthermore, sample preparation technologies need to accommodate a variety of input samples (e.g., water, soil, blood) and a host of detection moieties (e.g., DNA, RNA, proteins, peptides, whole cells). Ideally, a fieldable bio-sample preparation platform should be rapid, compact, reagent-less, automated, require minimal user training, and universal. We propose to develop a general purpose µBioPrep cartridge for universal bio-sample preparation for detection of biowarfare agents. The cartridge will be based on CFDRC’s EMUS platform – a suite of microfluidic component technologies for electrokinetics-based sample preparation. It features modular design, offering a high degree of customization and electric field driven, unified physics for ease of integration and enhanced fieldability. Proof- of-concept during Phase I will be demonstrated by separating individual classes (e.g., spores, vegetative bacteria, viruses, DNA, proteins) of bioagents from heterogeneous samples. During Phase II, the individual component technologies will be optimized and integrated. The integrated microfluidic cartridge will be demonstrated for a variety of complex environmental samples.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A10-074      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Universal Bio-Sample Preparation Module
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army’s need for a technology platform for automated, universal sample preparation for biosensor systems using small volumes of samples from complex matrices, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a universal bio-sample preparation (UniBioPrep) technology, based on the combination of size-exclusion cleansing and an electrodeless dielectrophoretic (DEP) continuous-flow bio-agents separation technique followed by bio-agent purification, elution, and collection. The innovations in the UniBioPrep module will enable the module to perform biological target separation from low volumes of various complex matrices, purification, desalting if needed, concentration, and collection automatically, without use of specific reagents, and in only 5 minutes. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the UniBioPrep module by developing a benchtop prototype capable of separating and collecting individual classes of biological targets from a mixture in buffer in less than 15 minutes. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop, refine, and validate the UniBioPrep module, into a module capable of separating the biological targets from complex matrices such as homogenized food, soil, or aqueous sample from an aerosol collector within 5 minutes with the required purity.

EOS Photonics
30 Spinelli Place A
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 351-5548
Mark Witinski
A10-075      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Widely-Tunable Distributed-feedback Mid-Infrared Laser for Standoff Chemical Detection
Abstract:Important applications such as chemical sensing call for compact, broadband, high brightness lasers in the critical 3 -5 micron region of the mid-infrared spectrum. We propose to first design (Phase I) and then to produce (Phase II) a high power, broadband QCL source that can be rapidly tuned over >100 nm and is inherently rugged in its design. To accomplish this, we will integrate our patent-pending QCL array technology and several other QCL innovations developed recently by EOS Photonics, Inc..

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 984-1322
Alan C. Stanton
A10-075      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Widely-Tunable Distributed-feedback Mid-Infrared Laser for Standoff Chemical Detection
Abstract:The development of laser standoff detection systems for toxic gases is proposed. The systems will use new broadly tunable distributed feedback (DFB) lasers operating in the mid- infrared spectral region. The laser technology has already demonstrated a capability for significant wavelength tuning. The Phase I effort will focus on modeling the laser performance with the objective of extending the laser tuning range. A design will be developed for DFB lasers to be fabricated in Phase II. A standoff detection DIAL system will also be designed in Phase I to be used in a Phase II technology demonstration, targeting the remote measurement of selected toxic gases.

ArkLight, Inc
PO Box 2
Center Valley, PA 18034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 547-5375
Yuliya Zotova
A10-076      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Widely-tunable, compact, and portable terahertz source based on intracavity difference-frequency generation in dual-frequency Yb: YAG laser for identi
Abstract:By closely working with Prof. Ding’s group at Lehigh University, PI proposes to take a revolutionary approach to THz generation based on difference-frequency generation. Such a nonlinear process will take place inside the cavity of a dual-wavelength Yb:YAG laser. PI plans to demonstrate dual-wavelength operation of CW and Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers. PI’s goal is to reach the output powers of at least 1 W at each of the dual wavelengths. Subsequently, PI will achieve efficient conversion between the optical waves generated by the dual-wavelength laser and a THz output outside a Q-switched Yb:YAG laser cavity. The highest output power is expected to be 200 nW at 1 THz. PI is going to carry out feasibility studies on intracavity THz generation based on the performances of the CW and Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers tested and THz generation achieved outside the laser cavity. According to PI’s estimate, it is feasible for her to improve the THz output power to 1 mW. Moreover, she will be able to achieve the tuning range of 150 GHz - 1 THz, the linewidth of 100 MHz, and the repetition rate of 10 kHz. PI will also develop a concrete plan for identification and detection of biological agents.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 07205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 923-3028
Alexander Raspopin
A10-076      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:Terahertz Emitter Based on Frequency Mixing in Microchip Solid-State Laser Cavity
Abstract:This proposed project is to produce an integrated device consisting of an input grating coupler and a an optical waveguide, nonlinear crystal, and THz waveguide. This device will be a highly efficient converter of laser optical energy into THz energy. The THz source will be highly efficient, coherent, and high-power.

Dorsan Biofuels, Inc
PO Box 2036
Chapel Hill, NC 27515
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 357-7146
Thomas Hohn
A10-077      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Energy-Dense Hydrocarbons from Eukaryotic Microorganisms
Abstract:Sustainable biofuel solutions that produce drop-in diesel and jet fuels compatible with existing petroleum-based infrastructure are critical to reducing the environmental impact of petroleum fuels and protecting US energy independence. Fungal systems can address this problem through the production of long-chain, high-energy density hydrocarbon fuels from sustainable biomass feedstocks. The objective of the proposed research is to demonstrate the efficacy of engineering a filamentous fungus that naturally produces high levels of hydrocarbon-based products to produce C15 hydrocarbon fuels. Filamentous fungi are the only eukaryotic microorganisms that can produce the enzymes required for converting lignocelluose to sugars thereby enabling process consolidation for the saccharification and fuel production steps. The resulting C15 hydrocarbon fuels can be easily separated and require minimal post-process refining. Streamlining the saccharification/fuel production processes and minimizing post-process refinement will permit development of scalable, economical processes that can meet a wide range of feedstock availability. The use of a native production system should lead to greater biocatalyst and process robustness, increasing both opportunities for process applications and cost reduction. The resulting diesel and jet fuels will have nearly identical storage, transport, and performance properties as the petroleum hydrocarbon fuels they will replace.

Evolugate, LLC
2153 SE Hawthorne Road #15
Gainesville, FL 32641
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 505-8611
Thomas Lyons
A10-077      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Energy-Dense Hydrocarbons from Eukaryotic Microalgae
Abstract:Triglycerides oils and biodiesel from various sources can be converted into renewable JP-8 through chemical means. However, the problem with this process is the cost of the triglyceride feedstock. Currently, the only source of this oil is from edible food crops. There is a concerted effort to develop non-edible alternatives, however, the establishment of such crops is hindered by the low value of agricultural (seed cake) and industrial (waste glycerol) co-products. Another critical issue is the fact that what makes an oil suitable for biodiesel production (high ratio of unsaturated fatty acids), makes it less suitable for conversion to JP- 8. We have developed a stain of heterotrophic algae that can convert these unrefined seed cake and waste glycerol into high value algae oil for additional biofuel production. We propose to increase the maximal growth temperature of this algal strain so that it can grow robustly at higher temperatures. The reason for this modification is that microbes produce much less unsaturated fatty acids at higher temperature, thereby producing oil that is more suitable for conversion to JP-8. We will alter the thermal growth parameters of this strain using experimental evolution. After producing this strain we will confirm its ability to produce a suitable oil on the lab scale.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Min-Yi Shih
A10-078      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Compact High Intensity Illumination Source
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for compact, high-intensity, low-cost, and freestanding lighting sources for high-speed photography applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Compact High Intensity Illumination Source (CHIIS). This proposed system is based on the novel integration of an array of high-intensity discharge (HID) bulbs, optical reflectors, digital ballast, and wireless remote trigger. The innovation in using commercial HID bulbs, new design of optical reflectors, and lightweight and structurally strong materials, will enable CHIIS to achieve high-intensity illumination at low power consumption and low cost of manufacturing. As a result, this system offers illumination of 300,000 lumens over a 5 ft^2 area, size of about 0.125 ft^3, weight of <25 lb, cost of <$330/unit, and free standing capabilities, which directly address the Army requirements. In Phase I POC plans to study the need for such illumination source; design the illuminator through theoretical analysis; develop a prototype for feasibility study; study the environmental and safety concerns; and define metrics for Phase II progress monitoring. In Phase II, we will conduct a design review of the prototype CHIIS; fabricate and deliver two CHIIS prototypes to ARL for further testing.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Jean F Seurin
A10-078      Awarded:2/16/2011
Title:Compact, High Intensity, Low Cost, Free Standing Illumination Sources
Abstract:The Army needs high power light sources for high speed photography. The cameras with frame rates of million frames/sec or higher frame rates are increasingly being used for recording of fast events such as impact of a projectile on Army platforms such as tanks and APCs or IED blasts. To image fast events from a distance of 50 to 100 meters, or inside an MRAP vehicle, high power illumination sources are needed. This is because of the fact that with higher frame rates the number of available photons decreases proportionately. For example, the number of available photons per pixel per frame for million frames per second will be approximately 33,000 times lower than 30 frames per second rate. For using the high speed cameras, Army needs an illumination intensity of 300,000 lumens for a duration of at least 30 seconds from a small source of 6x6x6" size including the batteries. Princeton Optronics proposes to use VCSELs (vertical cavity surface emitting laser), which is a new type of high power diode laser, to develop the high power illuminator for the Army. VCSEL technology has a number of advantages over LEDs and edge emitting diode lasers for the illumination applications. In phase I, we would do a study the problem which will result in development of a design for the illuminator which can be implemented in phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Pedram Boghrat
A10-079      Awarded:6/27/2011
Title:Smart Energy-Absorbing Light Body Armor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a smart body armor active protection system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new active Smart Energy-Absorbing Light Body Armor (SEALBA). This proposed body armor is based on a new impact sensor system that utilizes components developed in house and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in the ballistic impact sensor, a very fast actuator device that will direct material to intercept the ballistic device, in conjunction with shock wave kinetic energy absorbers, will enable the SEALBA to vastly increase protection while greatly reducing armor areal density. As a result, this system offers greater survivability and decreased weight, which directly address the smart body armor active protection system requirements. In Phase I, POC will characterize the smart armor subsystems, materials, and functionality, and design and fabricate a prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of the SEALBA system by displaying the system’s fast reaction time and mass transfer to neutralize incoming ballistic threats. In Phase II, POC plans to develop fully operating prototype hardware and software to TRL-4/6 and test its performance in a relevant environment.

Dakota Analytical Solutions
509 First Street
Nisland, SD 57762
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 819-1214
Teresa Corbin
A10-080      Awarded:3/7/2011
Title:FORMULATION AND PRODUCTION OF NOVEL BARRIER MATERIALS
Abstract:Development and production of materials to serve as quality control standards during evaluation of candidate materials for IPE and ColPro Acquisition Programs will be accomplished utilizing advanced nanocomposite technology. In our process, polymeric membranes serve as the building blocks for the standard materials. The polymers are hybridized with specific nanocomposite coatings that optimize permselectivity. An innovative Layer by Layer (LBL) assembly process is incorporated to create layered nanocomposites that can be customized to optimize specificity for various chemical agents, simulants, and TIC/TIMs. Utilizing a bilayer technique, electrostatic forces and donor/acceptor interactions bond the nanocomposites to the polymers creating a membrane of the strength necessary to withstand the rigorous swatch testing conditions. The LBL process delivers a uniform membrane that can be manufactured on a production scale. The novel nanocomposite polymers will be compared to carbon nanotube membranes. While carbon nanotubes have shown success in providing permselectivity, their high cost limits their prospects for commercialization. Further, recent concerns regarding the unknown health risks associated with carbon nanotubes may hinder commercialization and may pose an unnecessary risk to analysts conducting swatch testing. The use of the nanocomposite membranes will eliminate that potential risk while providing quality control standard materials at a reasonable cost.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Matthew Erdtmann
A10-081      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Silicon Nanowire Phototransistor (SNAP) Imager
Abstract:Agiltron, in partnership with the University of California–San Diego (UCSD), will develop the Silicon Nanowire Phototransistor (SNAP) Imager, a silicon-based imager with unprecedented capability for low light level imaging. The unique nanoscale architecture of the fully CMOS-compatible silicon nanowire phototransistor creates colossal internal gain at biases on the order of one volt, a level of performance that is unprecedented in a solid state imager. When monolithically integrated with CMOS readout integrated circuitry (ROIC) at the pixel level, a highly compact, solid state, low light level imager with uncooled operation and performance equivalent to a Gen-3 image intensifier tube will be realized, making it ideally suited for helmet- or eyeglass-mounted operation.

AmplificationTechnologies, Inc.
1400 Coney Island Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 951-8021
Yuriy Yevtukhov
A10-081      Awarded:12/29/2010
Title:Novel Low Light Level Solid State Imaging Arrays
Abstract:Amplification Technologies proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of developing novel low light level solid state imaging arrays utilizing the break through technology of discrete amplification technology with very high gain, low noise, high detection efficiency and having no external quenching circuits. It is expected that the proposed devices would have significantly superior performance characteristics than conventional avalanche photodetector arrays and vacuum tube based devices.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 571-8660
Andrew E. Paul
A10-082      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Optical Waveform Correlator for Closed Loop Infrared Countermeasures (CLIRCM)
Abstract:Current infrared counter measure (IRCM) system for rotary wing platforms require cues from the missile warning system (MWS) that detects the launch of a surface to air missile. The current state-of-the-art MWS have been challenged with false alarm issues and handoff errors that stress the requirements of the countermeasure systems. Closed loop infrared counter measures (CLIRCM) concepts based on optical augmentation (OA) from the missile seeker present an opportunity to address several issues that challenge near term IRCM approaches. CLIRCM allows the ability to detect and identify threats prior to launch maximizing the CM effectiveness. Additionally, by the nature of the method handoff errors are eliminated if the active detection system is also used as the laser CM. Areté proposes to develop a unique and robust CLIRCM concept that detects, identifies and tracks the missile before the launch by enabling detection and identification of missile seeker optics in real time.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Eric Magee
A10-082      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Closed Loop Optically Adaptive Countermeasure (CLOAC) System
Abstract:MZA proposes an active, closed loop, IRCM which will integrate the features of the threat detection, tracking, interrogation, jamming, and effectiveness verification. The Closed Loop Optically Adaptive Countermeasure (CLOAC) system includes all features of current active IRCM with the addition of a capability to include spatial phase modulation to aid in discrimination and jamming effectiveness. We believe that spatial phase modulation coupled with pulse modulation, the robustness of the jamming waveform is dramatically improved. The addition of spatial phase modulation may also improve the robustness of jamming. Initial analysis shows the effect of spatial phase modulation on the reticle modulation is consistent for different types of reticles. This fact is important due to the endless cycle of missile, countermeasure, counter-countermeasures in that the added degree of freedom in jamming signal will expedite the creation of new jamming signals as the missile seekers evolve. There is also the opportunity of using spatial phase modulation to defeat imaging seekers by using beam shaping. By applying a pre-computed 2-d phase modulation scheme, the profile of the laser light on the focal plane array can be varied and potentially cause the seeker to break lock.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn , MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Pierre-Yves Emelie
A10-083      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Four-Color Imager Based on Si-Ge
Abstract:In this program, Agiltron, Inc. and RTI International propose a four-color sensor based on SiGe alloys. The sensor will provide sequential detection in the UV, visible, near infrared (NIR), and mid-wave infrared (MWIR) bands. The sensor is composed of a stack of photodiodes sensitive to different bands of radiation to achieve broadband detection. The photodiodes are activated sequentially by implementing a novel voltage-tuning scheme. Our goal is to develop the first single UV/Vis/NIR/MWIR integrated sensor to cover the whole range of threats faced by Army rotary wing platforms. As a technical demonstration, we will deliver a four-color 320 × 256 imaging sensor sensitive to all four wavebands.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
A10-083      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Stacked Ultraviolet Visible and Infrared Sensor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for multi-threat passive detection technology for aircraft survivability equipment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Stacked Ultraviolet Visible and Infrared Sensor (SUVIS) for multi-spectral imaging based on multi-band spectral image routing and multi-band—UV, visible, NIR, MWIR—sensor integration. When combined with a wide field-of-view reflective optics, such as the multi- aperture compound eye optics, the system will provide target detection and location via sensor data processing. Innovations in the single integrated multispectral sensor design with a scalability for other IR bands will allow development of a single missile, laser, hostile- fire, multi-threat warning sensor for the protection of Army rotary wing platforms from these primary threat classes. In Phase I, POC will identify design methodologies, critical design parameters, and key component evaluation of SUVIS technology, develop an initial design, analyze its performance, and demonstrate its novel features through a laboratory prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the SUVIS system and to build, test, and demonstrate the sensor prototype in a laboratory breadboard configuration against a simulated or real threat environment involving the three threat classes of interest.

AKELA, Inc.
5551 Ekwill Street Suite A
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 683-6414
Allan Hunt
A10-084      Awarded:3/11/2011
Title:Wall Characteristic Extraction for Through Wall Radar Systems
Abstract:AKELA is proposing to leverage the experience we have gained in developing systems for through the wall sensing by using our high performance field tested radar technology as the starting point for wall characteristic extraction algorithm development, performing experiments to bound major development risk areas, and using this data to determine achievable accuracy for extracting wall characteristics. Algorithms that are developed will be tested with Visibuilding data to verify performance.

eWave Informatics
3 Red Bird Lane
Conshohocken, PA 19428
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 299-9659
Benita Luttcher
A10-084      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Multilayered Wall Characteristic Extraction for Through Wall Radar Systems
Abstract:The primary objective of this Phase I project is to develop radar-based techniques and algorithms to accurately estimate the parameters of walls, such as dielectric constant, conductivity (or loss-tangent) and thickness, as well as to devise methods that can characterize inhomogeneous walls by detecting presence of foiled-back insulation, reinforced wires/studs, water pipes, and enclosed air-gaps, e.g., in hollow concrete (cinder- block) walls. The wall parameter estimation can be performed either in time-domain (suitable for modulated pulse or impulse radar operation) or in frequency-domain (suitable for CW or step-frequency radar operation). To achieve this we propose to apply and compare the accuracy and robustness of several alternative techniques including time-domain Reflectometry, Least-Squares method, Singularity Expansion Method (SEM), Evolutionary based optimization and Ellipsometry. In addition, we will investigate the following techniques for characterization of inhomogeneous walls: i) a technique based on the frequency signature of calibrated wall’s reflected signal to detect the presence of conductor a back- plated wall, ii) a hybrid of ‘effective’ parameter estimation and subsurface imaging to characterize and image existence and location of re-bars, air-gaps and/or other wall’s interior structures, and iii) use of cross-polar scattered fields or other polarization-based radar techniques for detection of reinforced wires or water pipes and their orientations.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem Sabet
A10-085      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Scenario Based Modeling of Electronic Systems
Abstract:In this SBIR project we will develop an integrated software framework for RF system-of- systems simulation. The framework will feature a number of "Point Tools" that can address and solve certain types of problems very efficiently. The primary concept is to decompose a large computational domain into a number of smaller and more manageable sub-domains. Each sub-domain is solved using the "right" point tool. The sub-domain solutions should then be assembled and interfaced in a systematic way to finally arrive at the solution of the original larger-scale problem. We propose to use the concept of equivalent Huygens surfaces as a robust interface among the various sub-domains.

Remcom Inc.
315 S. Allen St Suite 222
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-1299
Greg Skidmore
A10-085      Awarded:3/22/2011
Title:Scenario Based Modeling of Electronic Systems
Abstract:The ability to model complex systems relevant to EW defeat scenarios, currently requires a knowledgeable user to decompose high-level phenomena into a set of individual phenomena in order to model each phenomenon individually. There are no end-to-end models or systems of models that can appropriately model all aspects of the problem and coherently bring them together into an accurate solution. This results in two key disadvantages: (1) The process of performing multi-step simulations is time consuming (2) The approach requires expertise across several codes The development of a Scenario-Based Electronic Systems Modeling tool will eliminate the need for a knowledgeable user to run each simulation, and will reduce run times and errors. The tool will encapsulate the models of interest in one tool, and automatically decompose electronic system emplacement scenarios into separate problem spaces, recommend to the user which of the available COTS EM models are best suited for the problem, then run and display the results through a user-friendly GUI. This will improve the Army's ability to develop effective defeat solutions in a timelier manner, and can be used by general users for a variety of system and operational level electronics system scenarios.

L. C. Pegasus Corporation
225 Long Avenue Building 15
Hillside, NJ 07205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 923-3028
Yan Zhang
A10-086      Awarded:5/19/2011
Title:Spectroscopic Home Made Explosive Detector
Abstract:This proposed project is aimed at the development and demonstration of a cost-effective and power-efficient advanced remote sensing technology able to detect home made explosives. The system will be specifically designed to detect trace amount of the out-gassed by- products of explosive materials, in particular, ammonia species using infrared absorption spectroscopic techniques. The system will be a portable unit working at a stand-off detection distance with an eye-safe laser wavelength and energy, while not triggering the explosive components themselves. The system will also be able to display the data and generate an alarm when there are suspicious explosive materials on the personnel, the loaded vehicle or the structure undergoing stand-off inspection.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Brad Sallee
A10-086      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Explosive Detection LADAR (EDL)
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes a miniature class 1 eye- safe LADAR to provide explosive detection and classification through use of Raman scattering spectroscopy. The system is a hand held device interfacing to a tough book computer, allowing operation by dismount troops. The unit can find IEDs, Identify Suicide Bombers and interrogate suspicious packages and vehicles. The LADAR is an adaptation of the SPEC family of miniature 32 channel scanning LADARs. As adapted, one channel receives the transmit wavelength (Rayleigh scattering) for ranging and 3D imaging, the other 31 channels are gated by the Rayleigh channel and tuned to Stokes backscatter Raman spectral lines of explosives, both military and homemade. The fiber DWDM receiver structure, based on communications industry technology, has temperature stability of 5% band over -65F to 165F . The SPEC LADAR receiver, using SiPM sensors, achieves 8/1 signal to noise ratio on single photon detects, allowing near theoretical receiver performance. The receiver operates to 400KHz laser pulse rate and allows 3D imaging through thick vegetation by receiving the first 3 objects in range. The unique gating and sensor structure allows Raman detection to over 100m range.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Richard Fink
A10-087      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Portable, Low-Cost Approach for Identification Based on Individual Scent (IBIS)
Abstract:Uniquely identifying an individual based on biometric information can currently be performed by using fingerprints, facial images and eye scans. These techniques frequently require the cooperation or at a minimum the acknowledgement from an individual that information is being gathered from them. An urgent need arises for non-cooperative surreptitious biometric collection tools, which may play an important role in real-time security monitoring and intelligence gathering. A biometric that can be collected non-cooperatively and from a distance (space and time) is an individual’s scent. For individual identification, one needs to look at the volatile organic compounds that reflect the individual’s gene expression and not other secondary confounding effects. This proposal will leverage the numerous studies and research efforts that have been conducted in order to refine the ability of uniquely identifying an individual based on the MHC-controlled odor profile and will demonstrate that an instrument consisting of a gas chromatograph coupled with a differential mobility spectrometer (a specific configuration of ion mobility) can provide the needed selectivity and sensitivity in a small, robust and relatively inexpensive package.

Li Creative Technologies
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Bozhao Tan
A10-087      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Identification Based on Individual Scent (IBIS)
Abstract:The need arises to explore biometrics that can identify a person at crime scenes. One such biometric that can be collected non-cooperatively is an individual’s scent. The goal of human scent research is to facilitate to development of sensor systems, whether based on contact or non-contact method of odor collection. The research proposed herein will provide key foundational knowledge that will ultimately enable informed, intelligent design of sensors with high selectivity and low detection limits. In the Phase I period, we will collaborate with Dr. Stephanie Schuckers at Clarkson University for human scent subject collection and data analysis. This research will address several unanswered questions relevant to developing sensor systems for human odor detection, including the necessary VOCs and respective concentration, the confidence in uniquely identifying an individual when odor degrades over time, etc. Answers to these questions will not only aid in hardware design, but in signal analysis as well. Sensor systems will ultimately possess software that will determine signal quality, necessary enhancement levels, and automated matching tasks. The approach taken herein will propose a novel solution for non-cooperative biometric authentication, which will also influence the design of fingerprint, iris, and facial capture systems in the future.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Tim Faltemier
A10-088      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Forensic Facial Image Analysis Providing 3D Mapping, Meta-tagging, Comparative Operation and Search System
Abstract:With the growing concerns surrounding security and terrorism around the world, biometrics has become one of the premier solutions to combat these issues. By extracting unique anatomical features and markings we can not only learn the identity of subjects but also their associations in social groups based on our novel research regarding Scars, Marks, and Tattoos (SMT). In this proposal, we present a solution that will significantly lower identification time of any face recognition algorithm by reducing the overall number of “possible subjects” through the use of soft biometric indexing and identify potential linkages to groups based on extracted SMT data. Based on our significant prior published experience in this area and current Phase II SBIR research and development (ONR N08-077 – Automated Entity Classification in Video Using Soft Biometrics), we will construct a solution that leverages soft biometric features (e.g. age, race, gender, skin, hair, eye color, scars, marks, and tattoos etc.) which can be automatically extracted from face images based on their color, shape, and relation to facial landmarks. Finally, our system will leverage our novel 2D-to-3D facial reconstruction technology to provide accurate results regardless of subject cooperation and facial pose (- 90 to 90).

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
A10-088      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Forensic Facial Image Analysis providing 3D Mapping, Metatagging, Comparative Operation and Search System
Abstract:The ability to accurately catalog and search through vast repositories of human images has been difficult to achieve for several reasons. The most common approach to this problem involves the manual tagging of images with textual descriptions. Unfortunately, manual tagging is a laborious process, and the resulting tags are often misleading or incorrect, as can be seen in Figure 1. Securics, Inc. has created a new type of solution for the problem of forensic facial images with our use of automatically computed descriptive facial attributes. With the attribute approach, we can define any number of new attributes for features of interest, including scars, marks, and tattoos. For this Phase I SBIR effort, we intend to extend our existing technology for flexible detainee processing and management by incorporating highly unique facial and body features from a variety of source imagery. Securics and our partner the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs bring the experience and expertise of two important research groups in computer vision investigating human biometrics. Based on our substantial past experience in the specific area of forensic facial image analysis, we are confident in a high degree of success for our effort.

Technology Service Corporation
3415 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 800
Los Angeles, CA 90034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 601-8321
Wayne Haack
A10-089      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors Electronic Protection (TC-CAS EP)
Abstract:Low-frequency synthetic aperture radars (SARs), which tend to have very broad antenna beams and relatively small waveform bandwidths, are inherently vulnerable to unintentional RFI and to intentional electronic attack (EA). EA is typically performed using either: 1) a barrage noise or swept spot noise jammer or 2) a coherent DRFM repeater. The interference or jamming signals can enter the SAR through its mainlobe, sidelobes and/or backlobes. No single electronic protection (EP) technique is sufficient to address all of these interference and deception sources. Therefore TSC will investigate a variety of EP approaches that include: 1) the use of multiple phase center antenna array processing including both an algebraic solution for the antenna pattern adaptation and an adaptive singular value decomposition (SVD) approach for post-processing image enhancement, 2) robust SAR waveforms and mismatched pulse compression filters, and 3) adaptive antenna polarization agility. Two or more of these techniques can be simultaneously applied to address the RFI / EA scenario. TSC will also investigate methods to identify when RFI and/or EA is present, allowing the proposed EP techniques to only be employed under appropriated environmental conditions.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3610
David Kirk
A10-089      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors Electronic Protection (TC-CAS EP)
Abstract:The Tactical Counter Concealment Aerial Sensors (TC-CAS) such as the Tactical Reconnaissance and Counter-Concealment Enabled Radar (TRACER) are designed to penetrate foliage, camouflage netting, and even structures to detect concealed targets. The systems operate in the VHF, UHF and L-band frequencies to enable the penetration capabilities. These frequency bands also contain a number of other systems as well, including commercial television and radio transmitters, two-way radios, glide-slope landing beacons, cell phones, GPS signals, and many others. These systems result in a significant amount of radio frequency interference (RFI) that significantly degrades the system performance by raising the system noise level. In addition the radar system can interfere with the other mission critical systems such as glide-slope landing beacons or SINGARS radio systems. Deliberate electronic attack (EA) is also of concern. During this effort, ISL will develop new techniques to mitigate the effects of RFI and EA including adaptive transmit waveforms, adaptive notching on receive, and space-time adaptive processing (STAP). The optimal solution will be determined and implemented in such a way as to maximize the image quality, while minimizing the impact on the system time-line.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 458-5963
Robert Woodley
A10-090      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Causal-View
Abstract:The ability to see and understand the data is critical to situational awareness. As data becomes more prevalent, the need to link causal data into actionable information becomes paramount. Analysts are faced with mountains of data, and finding that piece of relevant information is the proverbial needle in a haystack, only with dozens of haystacks. Analysis tools that facilitate identifying causal relationships across multiple data sets are sorely needed. 21st Century Systems, Inc. (21CSI) proposes Causal-View, a causal data-mining visualization tool, to address this challenge. 21CSI has experience in developing integrated information analysis tools that enable analysts, operators, etc. to discover and see data from any source. Causal-View provides causal analysis tools to fill the gaps in the causal chain. Causal-View Phase I will research multiple algorithms to provide a rich toolkit for the user. Our ongoing research and development in ISR data analysis, CBM data-mining, and reasoning under uncertainty provides a strong background for Causal-View. From our previous successes, Causal-View technology has existing avenues of transition to the warfighter where this technology is needed. Easily, with our 100% commercialization rating, 21CSI is the right company to assist the analyst and engineer alike with causal data mining.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A10-090      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Redescription, Malleable Visualization, and Storytelling for Causal Data Mining
Abstract:Harmonia proposes creating a dynamic Bayesian networks and redescription/story telling (DBN-RS) tool to help solve problems such as the problem of condition-based maintenance for vehicles. DBN-RS offers two means of data mining. The first is DBN which is used in an automated mode on discrete event streams, and by applying an algorithm that marries frequent pattern mining with probabilistic modeling (DBN). DBN includes frequent pattern mining which is scalable to large data sets but does not exhibit the rigorous probabilistic interpretations that are the mainstay of the graphical models literature. DBN also includes probabilistic modeling providing a formal probabilistic basis to model relationships between time-indexed random variables but is intractable to learn in the general case – and hence they do not normally scale well. The second means of data mining is an interactive visualization method that permits human guided exploration of data to try to “connect the dots” and see if there is a relationship between entities or events (RS). The goal of this research is to identify causal relationships from large data sets using these means of data mining in one tool.

Primordial, Inc
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy Milbert
A10-091      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Bedlam OCU™: Adversarial Reasoning System for Unmanned Platforms
Abstract:Primordial, Carnegie Mellon University, iRobot, and AeroVironment propose Bedlam OCU™—an adversarial reasoning system for unmanned platforms. Team Primordial will start with our existing state-of-the-art Surveyor OCU, which already fully or partially meets 78% of the topic’s requirements including enabling UAV/UGV collaboration, autonomously tracking targets, predicting adversary movement, providing a mission execution framework, enabling mission planning, mitigating cognitive load, and having a practical fielding plan. Using Surveyor OCU, Team Primordial has conducted numerous live, semi-autonomous ground vehicle tracking experiments using AeroVironment Raven UAVs and iRobot PackBot UGVs. From this proven baseline, we will develop Bedlam OCU—a handheld version of the Surveyor OCU with upgraded adversary prediction and target reacquisition modules. The upgraded adversary prediction module will account for terrain features, evasive maneuvers, and likely destinations. The upgraded target reacquisition module will enable an unmanned platform to autonomously reacquire a target if tracking fails. Primordial will test the upgraded modules using simulations incorporating computer- and human-controlled adversaries executing various strategies such as maximizing speed, minimizing visibility, or randomizing movements. Working with iRobot and AeroVironment, Primordial will also develop a transition plan for ensuring Bedlam OCU’s ultimate fielding. Finally, Primordial will deliver a report detailing Bedlam OCU’s design, development, and testing.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Gaemus E. Collins
A10-091      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Adversarial Reasoning for Advanced Unmanned Teaming (AVERT)
Abstract:Toyon proposes to develop adversarial target prediction algorithms and a mission execution framework that supports collaborative teaming of airborne and ground based Unmanned Systems (UMS) to enable tracking and surveillance of uncooperative targets. The proposed AVERT system will include automatic video processing, global fusion and tracking, adversarial reasoning and prediction, UMS control logic, and an application for a handheld iPhone, iPad, or Android device enabling the operator to interface with the system. Toyon's field-proven video processing algorithms will automatically detect moving targets in video, then digitize and compress the video stream for low-bandwidth transmission to the handheld device. Target detections will be automatically geo-registered using sensor state data from the platform GPS and IMU, then fused into target tracks in the ground plane, enabling autonomous tracking even in urban and complex environments. Ground plane tracks will be sent to the UMS operator for viewing and passed on to advanced UMS control algorithms. Motion control algorithms will use adversarial modeling to anticipate future actions of the target, then optimize the platform trajectory and sensor orientation to obtain clear-line-of- sight to the target and maintain persistent surveillance. A decentralized control architecture will be used to enable each UMS to operate autonomously or optimize collaborative actions between several UMS, while keeping bandwidth use low. The AVERT handheld application will receive data from all UMS within range, fuse multiple data streams to display an aggregate operational picture, and respond to the Warfighter's requests.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2489
Jeanine Ayers
A10-092      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:CrossCORE: Cross-Context Ontology Reasoning Environment
Abstract:Advanced Army C2 technologies are becoming ever more present in today’s wars, enabling Commanders at all levels to have a greater understanding of the battlefield. However, current C2 technology does not actively measure, define, or represent the Commander’s “contextual framework”, which can lead to a failure by Commanders and supporting teams to retain important contextual information over time. To fill this gap, Aptima, Inc. proposes to develop the Cross-Context Ontology Reasoning Environment (CrossCORE), a unique solution for managing contextual information within C2 systems. CrossCORE will be built upon an agent-based framework that leverages and expands upon Aptima’s context definition research, and formally encapsulates contextual elements into an ontology housed within intelligent agents. A unique aspect of this ontology will be an implicit model that measures Commander interactions with a C2 system to make inferences about activities and goals, which will provide key inputs to the CrossCORE ontology. The CrossCORE agent will rely on a formalized, data-driven contextual framework to mediate the flow of C2 data by retaining critical contextual information, adding saliency to particular elements of interest on the common operating picture, and collaborating with other CrossCORE agents to enhance the level of shared situational awareness between Commanders.

Evidence Based Research, Inc.
1595 Spring Hill Road Suite 250
Vienna, VA 22182
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 869-1658
Dennis K. Leedom
A10-092      Awarded:1/3/2011
Title:Contextual Framework for Command and Control Decision Making
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR research proposal outlines a flexible and responsive context knowledge management framework that provides an innovative approach to developing a dynamic battlefield visualization management tool for military commanders. A unique feature of this design is the explicit representation of two interconnected forms of contextual knowledge—structural/functional context and narrative context—that enable the dynamic construction of meaning and relevance. The proposed framework responds to the requisite variety of contextual knowledge demanded by wicked operational environments that are characterized by (1) multiple cause-effect dimensions (e.g., political, military, economic, social, information, and infrastructure), (2) alternative interpretations and stakeholder interests, (3) emergent problem factors, and (4) an emphasis on problem framing rather than problem solving. The proposed context knowledge framework acknowledges the socially constructed nature of meaning and understanding in the real world by integrating a combination of concept mapping, qualitative and quantitative modeling, and wiki knowledge base management methods into an analytically rigorous framework that can be integrated with an existing military command and control systems. This resulting methodology will facilitate the rapid construction, collaborative reconciliation, and dynamic maintenance of situation understanding and operational campaign design across a military command and control organization.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Ranga Narananaswami
A10-093      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Intelligent Human Motion Classification and Quantification
Abstract:US soldiers increasingly have the need to operate in GPS-denied environments or in environments without access to GPS, such as caves and indoor buildings. To date, inertial integration and pedometry have been used for position estimation in such environments. The inertial integration process suffers from excessive velocity drift over time and leads to errors in position estimation. Pedometry avoids velocity drift, but depends on an estimated scale factor that converts steps into distance traveled. A fundamental problem with direct pedometry for position estimation in GPS-denied environments is that a scalar step count cannot be translated to a vector displacement for an accurate position update. SSCI's approach for position estimation employs segmentation, classification, and quantification techniques for position estimation. The segmented motion classes will be used as inputs to a transfer function that is aware of different scale factors for different motions. SSCI is teaming with Draper Labs for this effort. Draper Labs is one of the world’s premier sources of guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C) expertise and has the domain experience, advanced sensor technology, comprehensive algorithm and software design and development skills, and testing capabilities needed to support SSCI in the development of an improved and innovative personal navigation system.

Yotta Navigation Corporation
3365 Mauricia Avenue
Santa Clara, CA 95051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 242-7026
William Deninger
A10-093      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Intelligent Human Motion Detection Sensor
Abstract:Yotta Navigation proposes to develop a rugged, secure, compact, real-time human motion detection sensor. This navigation aid device will be suitable for military operations. Yotta Navigation’s approach will provide reliable positioning, attitude (orientation), and altitude (elevation) data at rates of up to 50 Hz, in the total absence of GPS. This device will augment and improve navigation equipment developed under the Future Force Warrior program. Each solider can be equipped with a compact, low-cost device. The primary function of the system is to measure, log, analyze and determine the current location, orientation, mode and posture of the soldier and securely communicate that information. The system will maximize the use of recent advances in commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components such as digital signal processors (DSP) and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technologies. Because the proposed SBIR solution can build on the existing Yotta MOUTman platform, a field-testable prototype system is achievable by the end of the Phase I. This Phase I effort will culminate in a high-quality proof-of-concept design, testable prototype, and quantifiable performance results. Yotta Navigation will provide (1) an extensive human motion profile database, (2) profile calculation and error estimation algorithms and (3) prototype devices at the conclusion of this Phase I effort.

Camgian Microsystems Corporation
2500 Maitland Center Parkway Suite 203
Maitland, FL 32751
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 660-9900
Michael Hagedorn
A10-094      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:Advanced Thermoelectric Milli-Power Source
Abstract:Energy can be harvested or scavenged from many environmental sources such as: solar, wind, vibrations, temperature gradients, etc. Two common issues related to environmental energy sources are limited/unpredictable availability and limited/unpredictable quantity. This proposal examines the requirements for the efficient harvesting of energy based on the temperature gradient that exists between the human skin and the surrounding environment. This source has the advantage that it is essentially available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The challenges of this work include quantifying and working with the low energy flux (mW/cm2) of the human body, the range of body-to-ambient temperature gradients (from a few degrees to tens of degrees centigrade), and the sensitivity of human tissue to extreme temperatures. This proposal will apply Camgian Microsystems’ low power design technology with RTI’s efficient thermo-electric technology to the solutions of these challenges.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Daniel Bock
A10-094      Awarded:12/3/2010
Title:Seebeck-Utilizing Charge-Collecting Undergarment Battery Unattended Source
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a new body-worn, energy-harvesting thermoelectric power source, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Seebeck-Utilizing Charge-Collecting Undergarment Battery Unattended Source (SUCCUBUS). This proposed device is based on a new thermal garment design that utilizes a new type of thermal electric material for high-efficiency thermal-to-electrical energy conversion, as well as POC’s power management system to control the power system including battery recharging, power supply to the electrical systems, and system monitoring. The innovation in new materials embedded within a spandex undergarment will enable the device to convert thermal energy at a rate of approximately 3 mW/cm^2/K^2, (or 12 mW/cm^2 at 2 K difference). This device offers a large amount of power to recharge Land Warrior battery systems, and power electronics directly, while cooling the soldier, and directly addresses the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SUCCUBUS by simulation and lab verification, with some off-the-shelf hardware, of the applicability of the technology to field use. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize and develop the components from Phase I, and deliver three prototype systems for testing.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7195
Eugene Rogan Creswick
A10-095      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:A Consistency Tool for User Interface Development
Abstract:Ensuring User Interface consistency is extremely difficult---manual review and developer coordination is required to achieve uniform interaction metaphors across operating systems, web browsers, applications, and disparate devices. This is complicated by the capabilities of various UI toolkits and specific devices, as well as the development choices of the application programmers. We propose a workflow that uses a Domain-Specific Language (termed the Semantic User Interface Markup, or SUIM) to represent user interface guidelines to produce executable code. This DSL is a wide-spectrum language: it can serve as a non-executable specification language for capturing the generic constraints of User Interface Guidelines; and yet it is also able to specify detailed screen descriptions and user interactions which can be directly translated into code. Portions of the user interfaces that are not defined by a 'specification' can be either refined by the DSL (by further additions to the specification) or left open, to be implemented by user code. Our design provides organizations with the ability to specify and distribute UI guidelines that can be integrated directly into the application development workflow, providing an unprecedented level of application consistency without restricting the programmer's development environment.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A10-095      Awarded:12/6/2010
Title:LiquidApps®: Consistent Battle Command System Visualization through a Second Generation Model Based Approach
Abstract:We propose a comprehensive system to support the definition and governance of user interface (UI) standards, and to simplify compliance with standards across diverse platforms as designers create new UIs. However, we also allow platform-specific features to be exploited, so the consistency is in defined logical according to a meta-model that relates each platform to each other. New platforms that come to market in the future are easily integrated into LiquidApps through its meta-model. Thus designers can use artwork and graphical effects specific to a platform, yet insure the behavior and logical layout matches other platforms. Furthermore, our solution helps migrate a UI from one platform to another, and even accounts for different form factors (e.g., desktop to mobile device). The product is based on a UI design technology designed primarily under DoD funding, LiquidApps, which has proven itself in creating thousands of UIs for in DoD. Through using graphical editing environment LiquidApps allows the subject matter expert to design the user interfaces (within preset framework) even if they are not programmers, including definition of basic UI behavior. Code is automatically generated for programmers to refine into final applications. Standards are enforced through style sheets and reusable parts inventories.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
James P Novak
A10-096      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Nanotechnology Enabled Thermal Management Materials
Abstract:Modern power electronics operate with greater electrical output and smaller package dimensions than ever before. This creates tremendous thermal stress on the individual components and defines stringent requirements for thermal management. Applied Nanotech, Inc. will demonstrate its CarbAl(TM) thermal management composite for power electronic substrate replacements. CarbAl(TM) is a dense composite comprised of 80% carbon and 20% aluminum. This composite material has very low thermal expansion rates, a thermal diffusivity nearly three times that of bulk copper and a density close to aluminum. Through Nanotechnology we have developed this material to provide increased thermal transfer capabilities. These combined properties define a novel nanotechnology enabled composite that can be used to decrease the thermal load and overall package dimensions of power electronics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
A10-096      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Nanostructure-Enhanced Modular Cooler
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a nanotechnology-enhanced approach to improving the performance of the power electronics applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Nanostructure-Enhanced Modular Cooler (NEMC) technology. This proposed system is based on the combination of an array of high-performance thermal superconductors for spot cooling the components and a wide-area fluidic nano-suspension thermal stabilization system, providing the thermal interface to the external air-cooled heatsink. The innovative maintenance-free NEMC design, utilizing the latest advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology and lacking any moving parts, will allow substantial increase in the continuous output power density of the power electronics components of military-grade power generator units, such as the deployable 3-kW Tactical Quiet Generators (TQG) currently used by the Army, enabling these diesel-driven generators to achieve over 20% higher power rating even in the most extreme tactical environments—including desert deployment—without sacrificing reliability and at minimal cost to the military. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of NEMC by analytically and numerically modeling the system and building a bench-top test prototype based on the simulation results. Experience gained from these tests will be utilized in constructing an optimized prototype in Phase II.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C.J.Reddy
A10-097      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a low-profile body-wearable VHF antenna (30MHz to 88MHz) for peer-to-peer communications. A requirement is that the antenna be fitted and practically integrated within the soldier's Improved Outer Tactical Vest (IOTV). Two antenna types are typically used for this application: a) a whip antenna with large visual signature that hinders soldier mobility, making it unattractive, 2) meandered antenna using a long coaxial wire (Mantenna) weaved into the IOTV. The latter antenna is attractive in terms of low profile, but its implementation has so far led to poor performance, well below achievable bandwidth and gain limits. In this SBIR effort, Applied EM and its team members are proposing an innovative antenna solution aimed at reaching optimal performance limits. The proposed body wearable antenna incorporates technologies that include a) Artificial Transmission Lines (ATL) and shaping for miniaturization, b) multi-stage impedance tuning, and c) very thin and lightweight ferrite shielding. The latter is placed between the antenna and body to mitigate body losses. More importantly, it plays a critical role in shielding the soldier's body from RF radiation without appreciable weight impact. Our focus will be on a body-wearable antenna system that is broadband, has optimal gain performance, ease of use, and fully integrated into the IOTV. Preliminary data demonstrate that our concept will lead to a mantenna that can reach near-optimal limits.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
4865 Sterling Drive
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-5211
Dean Paschen
A10-097      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:The goals of this Phase I program are twofold. FIRST RF will demonstrate a broadband, VHF body-wearable antenna that is concealed and conformal. The antenna technology developed is designed to replace the currently-fielded 1-meter whip antenna used for communication in the SINCGARS radio band. Motivation for a body-wearable antenna stems from the large visual signature and significant impact on today’s warfighters imposed by these 1-meter whip antennas. The second goal of the proposed effort is to use a common test platform and environment to evaluate and characterize commercially-available wearable antenna technologies offered as alternatives to the 1-meter whip antenna. Evaluation will mainly be focused on the specific absorption rate (SAR) experienced by the user in addition to a comprehensive (quantitative and qualitative) characterization of electrical performance. Leveraging past development efforts, FIRST RF has established the professional experience and the tools to accurately determine radiation exposure levels through both simulation and measurement.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1071
James Lilly
A10-097      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Enhanced Field Expedient Body Wearable Antenna
Abstract:JEM proposes to research the feasibility of using Genetic Algorithm optimization and broadband matching techniques to develop and optimize a wideband (30-88 MHz) antenna for integration onto the Improved Outer Tactical Vest. JEM believes that these technologies can achieve performance similar to the 1-meter whip antenna within the same per-unit cost.

Cortix Systems
107 S. West Street PMB 443
Alexandria, VA 22314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 501-2326
Matt Piekarczyk
A10-098      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Adapterless Information Consolidation
Abstract:Cortix Systems LLC proposes to develop a system which would provide real-time turn-key integration of Army's data systems without the need for development of custom adapters or configuration of mapping files. This system will be able to feed information to a dynamic user interface or serve as a core translator within system-of-systems architectures such as SOA.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 967-5079
Robert Wray
A10-098      Awarded:10/26/2010
Title:Adapterless Information Consolidation
Abstract:Sharing data between software systems developed at different times and with different functional goals has proven notoriously difficult. Today’s disparate software systems are still largely integrated via manual development of custom “adapter” software. Adapters increase integration and lifecycle costs, sometimes cause significant delays in useful access to source data, and introduce errors. The costs of adapter-based solutions are particularly acute for today’s Army due to increased costs, deployment delays, and the resulting impacts on tactical operations and missions. An “adapterless” approach to information sharing and consolidation would mitigate the costs and provide substantial benefit to the Army. Consolidation via Ontology-Driven Extraction, Semantic Mapping, and Adaptation for Real- World Translation (CODESMART) will provide an adaptable, scalable software component that collects information from arbitrary sources and translates it into common, readily accessible forms. Actionably-accurate semantic representations of the data within an application are created by using emerging methods and tools that formally model application domains and the software applications themselves. Recent advances in machine learning and agent reasoning provide a technical foundation to extend prior model-based extraction to make it sufficiently adaptable for fieldable use.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Izenson
A10-099      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:High Density Solid Hydrogen Storage for Long-Duration Soldier Power
Abstract:Providing power for dismounted soldiers on long-duration missions remains a critical technical challenge. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells convert hydrogen fuel directly to electric power and offer a lightweight and efficient power source for individual soldiers. However, technology for storing the hydrogen fuel is still too heavy to meet the Army’s mission requirements. We propose to develop a very lightweight, solid hydrogen storage technology based on ammonia borane (AB) (H3NBH3). Our innovation is a unique packaging and thermal control system that will produce hydrogen on demand through controlled thermal decomposition of AB. This approach can enable hydrogen fuel cartridges for individual soldier power systems that meet the Army’s challenging goals for hydrogen density. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach through laboratory demonstrations of hydrogen generation using a prototypical packaging approach, then use data from these tests to produce a mechanical design of a lightweight hydrogen fuel cartridge. In Phase II we will build a complete, prototype hydrogen generator and demonstrate its use as a fuel source for a PEM fuel cell.

Jadoo Power Systems, Inc.
181 Blue Ravine Road Suite 120
Folsom, CA 95630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(916) 608-9044
Richard Milson
A10-099      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Solid Hydrogen Fuel Cartridges
Abstract:As technologies emerge that enhance the capabilities of the warfighter and his support elements, the demand for electrical energy grows proportionally. Battery storage capacities, while significant, limit the mission longevity of dismounted soldiers because of the weight in batteries required during deployment. A solution to this problem is the development of a solid hydrogen fuel system that provides clean hydrogen on demand to fuel cell based power systems. By leveraging on-going work, a new system design is proposed for demonstration and optimization. The resulting compact 50W power system will have an improved fuel cell stack design that minimizes system BOP and fuel system specific energies ranging from 630-940W-hr/kg depending on fuel cartridge geometry. Key to the success of this program is the assessment of fuel solutions and identification of candidates possessing the properties which permit minimal packaging in lightweight cartridges. Success of this program will result demonstration of a rugged 50W power system fueled by a solid hydrogen cartridge containing >4wt% packaged hydrogen contained in a BA-5390 footprint. Deployment of these systems will result in dramatic improvements in critical mission weight and runtimes, with better reliability and performance in extreme environments.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Nathanael Kim
A10-100      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:High-Resolution Standoff Face Capture
Abstract:To address the Army need for remote biometrics capture, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new High-Resolution Standoff Face Capture (HISFAC) system for noncooperative moving subjects. It is based on our innovative ultrasuperpixel array and instantaneous zoom with wide field-of-view. Its innovations enable users to capture face images of noncooperative fast-moving personnel on a superpixel array at unprecedented, telescopic, 4.3 mm (H) and 1.6 mm (V) resolution at 200 m standoff over a 30 degree FOV at a single capture, without optical or mechanical zooming. HISFAC captures biometrics instantaneously, irrespective of subjects’ activities or orientation. The optics can capture moving subjects (20 km/h) without motion blur, and the software detects faces and extracts/converts them to any Electronic Biometric Transmission Specification for database comparison, not only performing automated embedded recognition against a watch list, but also reconstructing 3D facial models from data for comparison against large databases. The package is 6 in. (dia) x 8 in. (long), and <5 lb. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HISFAC by designing and testing functional HISFAC components in a laboratory testbed. In Phase II we plan to design, fabricate, and test a fully functional prototype in a realistic environment

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Walter Scheirer
A10-100      Awarded:2/11/2011
Title:Standoff-Biometric for Non-Cooperative Moving Subjects
Abstract:Overall biometric system performance depends on data quality, the strength of the biometric matching algorithms, the compatibility of the data quality with the matching algorithms, and the overall quality of the integrated system. For long-range face image acquisition and processing for tactical biometrics, there are many issues to consider for these dependencies, both obvious and subtle. Our team has spent the previous decade working on this exact problem and brings to this effort the best research and technology available for tactical biometrics. Securics, Inc. is the industry leader in long-range facial biometrics. For this effort, we have partnered with Animetrics Inc., the leading developer of next-generation 2D-to-3D face recognition and face creation solutions. This proposed effort will focus on collecting high quality long-range biometric data from an integrated system perspective, and provide the most accurate 2D-to-3D matching system available in any domain.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Chadwick Cox
A10-101      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Virtual Machine Technologies for Intelligence and Warfighting Applications
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will deliver a Virtual Machine (VM) solution to the U.S. Army, leveraging the advantages of this technology to meet the unique needs of this information-centric, warfighting organization. AAC will consolidate an existing set of server applications, migrating the system to more practical hardware while maintaining all system functions. Advanced VM capabilities will be developed to enable hot swapping and traffic management under strict performance requirements. This technology will benefit the DCGS-A, JUMPS, and similar C4ISR-related programs.

VORTECHX Appllied Technologies
127 Monmouth Ave
Atlantic Highlands, NJ 07716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 291-6025
Matthew Bolt
A10-101      Awarded:11/23/2010
Title:Repeatable Virtualization of Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) System Servers
Abstract:The expanding demand for Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) information, analysis, and real-time data to support the warfighter activities has resulted in an increasing number of multiple systems, applications, data sources and stores. This increased capabilities need has the potential to overwhelm the physical footprints to deploy the servers, data storage devices and communications gear. With limited space, storage, and computational capabilities it is becoming more difficult to deploy new and more capable systems. Unfortunately, the newer systems do not always maintain the legacy systems capabilities and this could adversely affect the warfighter mission. An approach to this problem that has worked in the commercial world is to instantiate a virtualization environment wherein existing infrastructure is multi-purposed through the use of tools like VMware®. Virtualization of large commercial environments has demonstrated savings in energy use, physical footprints, maintenance costs, application deployment effort and costs. In addition, virtualization has demonstrated increased uptime and reliability of the computing environment. A virtualization approach is proposed for a test and evaluation ISR system that currently resides on multiple servers distributed through the development facility and at a remote site. In order to demonstrate the capability of a deployment ready virtual environment.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7187
Dylan McNamee
A10-102      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Low-Cost, High Assurance Separation Kernel
Abstract:Previous separation kernels have been based on safety-critical, real-time embedded operating systems meeting the FAA's DO-178B certification criteria. We believe that these systems' heritage emphasizes trustworthiness over cost, and results in a solution better suited for embedded environments. We propose to build a separation kernel middleware layer on top of a COTS or open source capability-based microkernel. We will include low cost in the criteria for systems to evaluate. To meet the high assurance requirement we will develop or re-use formal methods artifacts for the microkernel, and extend them with formal methods artifacts for the middleware.

Solute, Inc.
4250 Pacific Highway Suite 211
San Diego, CA 92110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 758-9900
Michael MacFadden
A10-102      Awarded:9/29/2010
Title:Low Cost High Assurance Separation Kernel
Abstract:The development and certification strategies of existing commercially available separation kernels (SK) rely on the costly retrofitting of safety critical (DO-178B) operating systems, to meet the requirements of the NSA approved U.S. Government Separation Kernel Protection Profile in Environments Requiring High Robustness (SKPP). SOLUTE’s innovative approach focuses on the development of a SK architecture, which from the ground up meets the High Robustness requirements of the SKPP and defines cost minimization as a central principle. SOLUTE has partnered with DSD Information Assurance Labs (A National Information Assurance Partnership (NIAP) accredited testing laboratory) and GDC4S to ensure that the architectural development process is optimized for low cost certification at all stages.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery, Jr.
A10-103      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Integrated Counter-Mine/Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and Command and Control (C2) Capabilities
Abstract:Installation of a counter IED jammer system on each individual Army vehicle has caused electromagnetic interference between the jammer and friendly communication systems. A fundamental enabling technology called active interference cancellation, which enables simultaneous jamming and communication capabilities under changes in the threat conditions and operating environment is needed. In this program GIRD Systems will perform a trade study and simulation effort to identify various mitigation techniques and evaluate their performance to the interference situation described in the solicitation. Based on customer input and system requirements, the most promising technologies and those with the greatest potential for performance improvement will be selected for further development in the Phase II portion of this program.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1612
Thomas R. Halford
A10-103      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:JADIC: Joint Analog and Digital Interference Cancellation
Abstract:TrellisWare proposes a joint analog and digital interference cancellation (JADIC) solution that will enable electromagnetic compatibility between counter-IED RF jammers and multiple friendly RF systems -- with a particular focus on Blue Force Tracker and UHF SATCOM signals. Analog-only approaches to interference cancellation (IC) provide insufficient jammer signal suppression, while optical IC solutions have thus far been proven only for narrowband signals in controlled laboratory environments. TrellisWare therefore proposes to augment existing analog IC technology with a powerful Digital Interference Cancellation Engine (DICE) that employs such advanced signal processing techniques as Per-Survivor Processing (PSP) and Adaptive Iterative Detection (AID) to extract -- with high probability -- the signal-of-interest from the residual signal output by the analog IC circuit.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Jason Kriesel
A10-104      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Remote Human Identification and Intent Determination from Thermal Infrared Imagery
Abstract:Recent advances in thermal infrared sensors and image analysis techniques have opened up the possibility of performing automated covert human identification and intent analysis both day and night. Specific persistent thermal signatures on the face have been proven to provide an unobtrusive, robust method of identifying individuals, and separate transitory signatures offer a proven means of determining stress and deceit in individuals. However, the majority of previous work has involved cooperative subjects under controlled conditions. During this project, these proven techniques will be extended and expanded upon to enable identification and intent analysis of uncooperative subjects at relatively long stand-off distances (e.g., 100 m) under a variety of environmental conditions.

Princeton Nanotechnology Systems LLC
11 Deer Park Drive Suite 102-I
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9552
Dorothy Horber
A10-104      Awarded:12/23/2010
Title:Compact Scalable Signature Collection and Exploitation System for Non-Cooperative Moving Subjects
Abstract:Princeton Nanotechnology Systems (PNTS) has teamed with researchers from Wright State University, Dayton, OH, to provide a novel, comprehensive response to SBIR Topic A10-104 entitled, “Compact Scalable System for Human Identification and State Assessment.” In this Phase I SBIR program, we propose to investigate the feasibility of a multipurpose, multispectral system that captures, extracts, classifies and exploits human signatures for 1) use as biometrics to recognize identity; and 2) human affective (emotional) state assessment to identify stress/hostile intent. Given the myriad sensor technologies potentially useful for these tasks, the team’s extensive experience across the electromagnetic spectrum, ranging from microwave and terahertz through infrared, visible light, x-ray and gamma-ray wavelengths, will be leveraged to define an optimal suite of architectured solutions. By coupling WSU expertise in radiation physics, sensor hardware, image processing algorithm development, human anatomy and physiology, human modeling and the psychology of emotion, with the expertise of PNTS in developing and delivering practical solutions to challenging DoD-relevant problems, we will transition laboratory-based human signature science to valuable commercial products, with application to security, surveillance, medical, educational and social domains.

Airtronics
1822 S Research Loop
Tucson, AZ 85710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 881-3982
Frank Oliver
A10-105      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Heuristic-based Prognostic and Diagnostic Methods to Enhance Intelligent Power Management for Tactical Electric Power Generator Sets
Abstract:Tactical Generators are profuse consumers of fuel. As the generators wear, fuel consumption increases. Increases in fuel consumption mean more logistics demand and delivery of fuel through potentially hostile areas to forward tactical bases represents an operational challenge. Sustainment of Army operations, which make large demands on power, becomes dependent on sustainment of the power generation and management system. Airtronics Inc partners with RadioData Corporation and outlines a plan to develop a generator diagnostics and prognostics system

Williams-Pyro,Inc.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Chris Stimek
A10-105      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Heuristic-based Prognostic and Diagnostic Methods to Enhance Intelligent Power Management for Tactical Electric Power Generator Sets
Abstract:Current Joint Operations in the Middle East have highlighted the need for increased system reliability and reduced petroleum consumption as both a cost reduction and force protection mechanism in the tactical battlefield. Williams-Pyro, Inc., is proposing to develop the Generator Fault Investigation Technology (GenFIT) system to perform diagnostics and prognostics on diesel generators with the end result of helping the Army achieve its HI- Power goals through reducing generator down time, improving fuel efficiency, and reducing emissions. The GenFIT system will be able to easily integrate with deployed TQGs to provide diagnostic and prognostic information to maintenance personnel, reducing the time required to service these generators. Many existing condition-based maintenance (CBM) systems are extremely complex, relying on neural networks and pattern recognition algorithms that need large amounts of equipment-specific training data. In contrast, Williams-Pyro is proposing to use a top-down approach to develop a first order diagnostics and prognostics methodology based on heuristic models derived from an understanding of diesel generator operating principals, observed generator performance values, and known generator parameters. The technology developed will be able to identify long-term generator performance degradation as well as reduce fuel consumption and emissions through proper maintenance and operation of the generator.

(ES3) Engineering & Software System Solution, Inc.
550 West C Street, Suite 1630
San Diego, CA 92101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 338-0320
Daniele Pelessone
A10-106      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Modeling of concrete failure under blast and fragment loading
Abstract:The defense community is extremely interested in developing numerical methodologies for predicting the dynamic response of concrete materials under extreme loading conditions. This capability would make it possible to use computer software for simulating events of interest, such as the response of concrete structures or structural components to blast and fragment impact. Over the years, substantial effort has been invested in researching analytical models and methods to develop this capability. Most of this effort has focused on in improving methodologies that are based on continuum mechanics. However, (classical) continuum mechanics is not well suited for the simulation of concrete failure and post-failure behavior. This is mainly due to the non-homogenous nature of concrete as well as the discontinuous nature of fracture and fragmentation. To overcome these limitations, ES3 and Prof. Cusatis at RPI have jointly formulated and implemented a new innovative methodology: the Lattice Discrete Particle Model (LDPM). LDPM is a methodology that treats concrete at the meso-scale, the scale of the largest aggregate pieces. LDPM models the heterogeneities in concrete and is capable of simulating discrete cracking leading to fragmentation in a physically realistic fashion. The research that ES3 is proposing under this SBIR will address three main issues: • Formulation of LDPM multiscale-multiphysics framework, • Fiber-concrete, rebar-concrete interaction, and • Small scale fragmentation at high strain rates. In Phase I of this SBIR we will evaluate new or improved analytical models and determine the technical feasibility of the proposed concepts.

Multiscale Design Systems, LLC
280 Park Ave South Apt 22M
New York, NY 10010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 496-0173
Zheng Yuan
A10-106      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Multiscale Modeling of Concrete Failure under Blast and Fragment Loading using a Coupled LDPM-RKPM Method
Abstract:While single scale models (either discrete or continuum) provide useful insight into the physics of concrete fragmentation process they become intractable for practical structural application in particular for Very High Strength Concrete (VHSC) having small aggregate size and Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC) where resolving the details of fiber-concrete interactions is critical to assess the structural performance under extreme conditions. To successfully address the complexities of predicting the performance of VHSC and FRC, Prof. Fish and Dr. Yuan from MDS, LLC with expertise and record of accomplishments in developing integrated multiscale design software for heterogeneous material systems have teamed up with Prof. JS Chen from UCLA who has extensive experience in fracture and fragmentation of concrete structures subjected to blast and fragment loading. In Phase I, we will: 1. Assess existing computational models including LDPM, RKPM and reduced order homogenization models for simulating blast and fragmentation loading on VHSC, FRC, and other types of special concrete materials and cementitious composites; 2. Identify shortcoming of existing methodologies and formulate predictive multiscale strategy for future development based on combination of LDPM and RKPM in which LDPM provides the lower order approximation of cement-aggregate behavior, while RKPM is introduced as an enrichment of LDPM to account for the effects of small aggregate and fiber reinforcement. 3. Perform preliminary verification and validation studies that compare the feasibility of the proposed multiscale methodology including: (a) calibration against test data in collaboration with DTRA and ERDC and (b) initial demonstrations on out-of-plane compression tests and low velocity impact tests. In Phase II, the LDPM-RKPM approach will be combined with the computational continua methodology to account for dynamic effects in RVE problem and the eigendeformation approach to maximize computational efficiency by constructing residual free fields.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4886
Alex Vasenkov
A10-107      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Information System and User Model for Predictive Analysis of Nano-Material Attributes
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will develop an information system and design a nano-Toolkit with data-mining and predictive models for accelerated risk assessment of engineered nanomaterial attributes. It was recently shown that nanomaterials used in warfighter technologies may be responsible for significant human health and environmental risks. For example, researchers at the Army’s Engineer Research and Development Center have recently found that nanoscale metal-oxide particles are more toxic than micron-sized particles. The further progress in rapid and reliable prediction of nanomaterial toxicity is limited by (1) limited integration or use of data from published literature for predicting attributes of new materials, and (2) a lack of models to predict unavailable attributes. Those deficiencies will be addressed in the proposed work. During Phase I, utilizing CFDRC complementary expertise, we propose to develop a wiki style information system linked to a nano-Toolkit integrating models with different level of details from Quantum Mechanic based ReaxFF model to quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) algorithms. In Phase II, the information system and nano-Toolkit will be further developed, and demonstrated to predict environmental attributes (degradation potential, fate in soils, toxicity, and bioaccumulation potential) of engineered nanomaterials of direct interest to DoD.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
A10-107      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:A Model Driven Data Mining System for Studying Environmental Impact of Nanomaterials
Abstract:As more and more engineered nanomaterials (NM) have been developed for military usage, it is crucial to minimize any unintended environmental impacts (NEI) resulting from the application of manufactured NM. NEI risk assessment models, whether conceptual or predictive in nature, will give decision-makers the tools to grapple with the nearly infinite forms of possible NM, as well as explore the effects of various risk mitigation strategies. IAI proposes to develop a Model driven Data Mining System for studying Environmental Impact of Nanomaterials, namely NEIMiner (Nano Environmental Impact Miner). NEIMiner consists of four components. First, the conceptual model of environmental impact of nanomaterials adopts the framework of consortium modeling with a critical subset of models focused on exposure to NM and their bioavailability in the environment. Second, a CMS based information system is proposed to collect, store, manage, and search all the multi-modal data in an integrated system. Third, the data mining process based on IAI’s ABMiner is proposed to discover models for the modeling framework. Fourth, the model composition is proposed to build complex models.

Cyberneutics, Inc.
503 Mountain Lake Avenue
Pearisburg, VA 24134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 242-3386
Patricia A. Craig-Hart
A10-108      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Self-organizing Immersive Local Knowledge (SILK)
Abstract:Cyberneutics, Inc. is teamed with the University of Arkansas Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST) to develop Self-organizing Immersive Local Knowledge (SILK) to enable geospatial analysis with qualitative data. SILK is based on an underlying representation for qualitative topography combining autonomous self-organizing data structures, local knowledge containing multiple socio-cultural perspectives, and immersive user experience, which retains the power of Cartesian rigor inherent in traditional geographic information systems. Current efforts to extend GIS functionality all rely on manual generation of metadata (e.g., geocoding, categorizing, and tagging) for qualitative information artifacts. Analysis based on human-massaged qualitative data that is trapped in cartographic representation cannot supply users with unique socio-cultural perspectives critical to generating non-kinetic courses of action. SILK’s transdisciplinary approach draws on swarm intelligence theory and leading edge e-commerce techniques. Self-directed qualitative data wrappers that populate the SILK environment with human terrain artifacts are enabled by social foraging theory and stigmergic collaboration. SILK’s ontological framework, which supplies warfighters with tacit knowledge of local culture, is based on collective intelligence and collaborative filtering techniques. Our immersive geospatial interface for visualization and analysis of qualitative data is based on a collaborative prioritization and peering approach that improves over time as a function of use.

Securboration Inc
1050 W NASA Blvd Suite 154
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 591-7371
Bruce McQueary
A10-108      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Developing Capabilities for the Visualization and Analysis of Qualitative Data within Geographic Information Systems
Abstract:Understanding the dynamics of today’s operational environment requires collection and analysis of nontraditional, qualitative intelligence that current GIS options cannot support. To bridge quantitative GIS and these emerging qualitative sources, and apply it to arguably the most pressing operational situation, Securboration proposes to develop the Stability and Reconstruction GIS, or STARGIS. Securboration are experts in automating the extraction, storage, and geovisualization of qualitative data and using it to geoanalyze progress in stability related operations. To complement our technical expertise we are teaming with renowned geographer Dr. Meghan Cope, Chair of the Geography Department at the University of Vermont. Dr. Cope has performed seminal research in qualitative GIS that includes co-authoring the book Qualitative GIS: A Mixed Methods Approach (London: Sage Publications, 2009). As a supporting data set Securboration will leverage our ongoing related work from the Measuring Progress In Conflict Environments program (MPICE – Afghanistan 2010 Framework). MPICE defines a framework of qualitative and quantitative stability related goals, indicators, and measures, making it an ideal data set for STARGIS. Currently, the MPICE focus has been on metrics definition and corresponding data collection. STARGIS presents the opportunity and transition path to store, visualize, and analyze MPICE results using a qualitative GIS approach.

ASPEN AEROGELS, INC.
30 Forbes Road Building B
Northborough, MA 01532
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 466-3114
Roxana Trifu
A10-109      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Advanced Aerogel Composites for Low Signature Base Camp Shelters
Abstract:Base camps require reduction in heat signature to maintain low-observable capabilities. Both warfighters and sustainment forces within the base camps generate characteristic heat signatures that can reveal the location, presence of personnel and electronic equipment, and may provide some indication of activities and OPTEMPO. Aspen Aerogels, with partner Qinetiq North America, proposes to develop a shelter skin system that combines the thermal barrier properties of aerogel insulation with other heat dissipating technologies to shield base camp structures from heat signature observation. Aspen Aerogels will develop a unique, flexible aerogel formulation which will be combined with other thermal regulating technologies to deliver a shelter with highly reduced heat signature. The Aspen solution will capitalize on the company’s past success utilizing the advantages of aerogel’s extremely low thermal conductivity to provide a revolutionary material for thermal management of base camp structures. This innovation will be integrated with other heat dissipation and renewable power production and storage technologies to deliver thermal cloaking capabilities to Army Base Camps. Partnering with Qinetiq North America will expand technology reach, analysis capabilities, composite manufacturing, and highly-competent integration expertise to bring this innovation from concept to commercialization.

LGarde, Inc.
15181 Woodlawn Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 259-0771
Linden Bolisay
A10-109      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Sustainable Materials to Reduce Heat Signatures of Base Camps
Abstract:There is a need for base camps to reduce their heat signature to maintain a low-observable (or stealth) capabilities. Without masking the heat signature, enemy units can easily determine the location of base camps, presence of personnel and electronic equipment within the camp, as well as the type of activities occurring within the camp and OPTEMPO. Incorporation of a versatile, high strength/high stiffness insulation material with solid state thermoelectric cooling devices embedded in the insulation material may fulfill the need to reduce the heat signature. The proposed concept design is an integrated combination of two separate sub-systems. One sub-system is an energy harvesting panel designed to be placed on the external tent surface. The second sub-system is an insulating/cooling panel designed to be placed in the internal tent surface. The main advantages of using panels include the ease of incorporation with existing base camp structures resulting in low cost upgrades and packageability, which is very important for temporary structures. Once the base camp is established, these panels can be easily retrofit to the exterior and interior of a tent structure. Since these structures are light weight and collapsible, they can be easily transported from station to station.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4892
David Newsome
A10-110      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Desktop Application for Assessment of Environmentally Important Chemical Aspects of Military Compounds
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR program is to integrate scientific programs and associated databases within a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-driven wrapper to facilitate their use by the Army to assess the fate and transport of munitions and their effect on human health. The GUI will help ease data transfer between the programs, reducing the scope of user error and increasing productivity. In Phase I, CFDRC will demonstrate the proof-of-concept by designing and developing a preliminary desktop application manifested with a GUI. The GUI wrapper will have the options to retrieve information from a database and create new entries in the database. We plan to implement a reaction manager to create reaction mechanisms that can be used in kinetic modeling. A preliminary protocol for client-server communications will be implemented, which is aimed to facilitate the execution of CPU intensive computations on high-performance servers while running smaller jobs in the desktop. Finally, a molecule viewer will be integrated to view molecular structures stored in the database. In Phase II, Quantitative Structure Activity Relations (QSAR), quantum chemistry, and kinetic modeling programs will be seamlessly integrated with the database via the GUI wrapper.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Marcus Hanwell
A10-110      Awarded:11/2/2010
Title:Open, Cross Platform Chemistry Application
Abstract:This project aims to create an open, cross platform desktop application for chemistry. The focus in Phase I will be on developing a prototype application around stand-alone programs and databases used by ERDC researchers in connection with environmentally important aspects of military compounds. This involves collaboration with the developers of GAMESS to leverage its functionality, specifically for physical property prediction. Existing open source frameworks will be leveraged to provide both the standard chemical structure representations, and novel visualizations using cutting edge visualization techniques. The application will use stand-alone computational tools for physical property prediction and databases with experimental and predicted properties. Integration with HPC resources will be prototyped in Phase I, along with structure manipulation, input generation and novel visualization techniques. Phase II will move towards a tightly integrated cross platform application, integrating best of breed external programs and databases into a cohesive application acting as the center of the computational chemist's workflow. The application will be extended to implement a client-server architecture in order to enable generation and analysis of large data sets. An open, extensible, world class plaform for the manipulation, visualization and analysis of chemical data will be developed.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
A10-111      Awarded:11/15/2010
Title:Non-rotating Wind Energy Generator
Abstract:Agiltron, Inc. and Engineering & Scientific Innovations, Inc. propose a new non-rotating wind energy generator, based upon our extensive R&D experiences on aerodynamics, electromagnetic generators, and power management. The generator will have a total volume less than 9 cubic meters, total weight much less than 300kg, and generate more than 3kW at wind velocity of 10 m/s. The design is highly-mobile with minimal setup effort because of the wide acceptance angle for wind direction. It is also inconspicuous because of the camouflage, minimal acoustic and electromagnetic disturbance to the surrounding environment. Depending on the available wind resource, the generator will operate in standby or power-generating modes, and it will always have a net-gain in energy (power generated is always greater than consumed). The technical approach will be proved in Phase I through the numerical analysis, design, prototype fabrication, and wind-tunnel testing. Portable prototypes of non-rotating wind generator will be produced in Phase II for delivery to the Army.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
A10-111      Awarded:11/3/2010
Title:Wind Energy Transforming Electrostatic Reaper
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an inconspicuous, non-rotating compact wind energy system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wind Energy Transforming Electrostatic Reaper (WETER). This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes in-house developed components and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in electret-based technology and use of a new material with an extremely high capacity for an implanted electric charge will enable the system to generate >3 kW of electric power at a wind speed of 10 m/s in a volume <9 m^3. As a result, this system offers high power density, lightweight modular design, and zero consumption of any materials, which directly address the TRADOC Pam 525-66 and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ERDC/CERL requirements for a wind-driven power generator for operating at base camps. In Phase I, POC will evaluate the WETER electro-kinetic approach to wind energy conversion by means of identifying design and manufacturing methods capable of delivering 1.5 to 3 kW of power with a wind resource of 10 m/s and demonstrate the feasibility of WETER system by demonstration of conceptual prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to design and fabricate the prototype of WETER system.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
Xiaoliang (George) Zhao
A10-112      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Miniature Low power Multi-parameter Wireless Sensor Network for Infrastructure
Abstract:Infrastructure and equipment health monitoring are becoming increasingly important. There is a need to provide a cost effective means to not only inspect a significant number of structures but to also prioritize situations where immediate maintenance actions will result in a major reduction in renewal and repair costs over the lifetime of the structure. That would require the use of sensors for monitoring structural integrity in combination with environmental severity. To reduce manual inspection costs, the system should provide the ability to remotely access data and provide a clear actionable output. We propose to develop a multi-parameter wireless smart sensor network for infrastructures. It includes distributed wireless sensor nodes for monitoring and mapping environmental load that communicate with central gateway nodes. The environmental load wireless sensor node is a miniature low power sensor node that includes a suite of sensors and communicates through IEEE 1451 protocols to the gateway node. The sensor gateway node collects the sensor node data and performs the diagnosis on the structure condition. The gateway node will send the information to a nearby crossing vehicle or maintenance staff wirelessly, or to a remote office for further analysis.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Fritz Friedersdorf
A10-112      Awarded:4/15/2011
Title:Ultra-low Power Wireless Sensors for Advanced, In Situ Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:The ability to monitor infrastructure such as bridges, storage tanks, pipelines and buildings is critical to enhancing safety, reliability, and overall structural integrity of existing and future military structural deployments. In order to reduce the need for costly scheduled maintenance while also preventing the potentially catastrophic failure of such structures, a multi-mode distributed sensor network must be developed that provides a full view of the structure’s state of health. To accomplish this, Luna proposes the development of an ultra-low power wireless sensor network for advanced, in situ structural health monitoring. This network will be made up of devices operating off of harvested energy sources (solar, vibration, thermal, etc.), will measure both environmental and mechanical parameters, and will support advanced diagnostics and prognostics for predicting structural health and remaining useful life. Existing Luna technologies will be leveraged and enhanced to rapidly achieve the technical goals of the program and advance the commercialization of this technology. Luna will utilize years of experience in corrosion, environmental and structural health monitoring and will team with Purdue University’s Center for Systems Integrity to provide a fully functional prototype system at the end of the Phase I effort.

Ashwin-Ushas Corporation, Inc.
9 Red Coach Ln
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 739-1122
Prasanna Chandrasekhar
A10-113      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Functionalized-Conducting-Polymer - Microporous-Membrane Based Voltammetric Sensor Skins With High Selectivity/Sensitivity, Multiple Analyte Sensing i
Abstract:In unrelated ongoing work, this firm has developed, for a wide variety of applications (including warfighters’ clothing in CBD environments for DTRA), a unique, patented technology that has, as its core, metalized microporous membranes functionalised with conducting polymers, in what are essentially electrochemical devices. These breathable, lightweight (800 g/m^2), conducting-polymer-based "skins" are readily convertible to voltammetric sensors with a surface (i.e., sensing) area far larger than possible with fiber- based sensors, CHEMFETS or other alternatives. Coupled with very selective dopants or bio derivatives, they also yield far higher selectivity/sensitivity than alternatives. Operating temperatures are (-)60 to (+)90 C with ionic liquid electrolytes developed for the spacecraft application. With sophisticated, inexpensive interrogation and processing possible with voltammetric data (sharp differentiation of proximate peaks), the sensors have far greater selectivity and sensitivity than alternative technologies. Voltammetric interrogation can be built into an inexpensive, programmable, battery-powered microcontroller, with low power consumption (micro-W/cm2), sensing multiple analytes in one interrogation. Preliminary work carried out specifically for this proposal with agent simulants is cited. The proposed work will fabricate, test sensors with a number of variables (dopants, bio-derivatives, voltammetric interrogation waveforms), to identify sensors with the best selectivity/sensitivity.

Seacoast Science, Inc
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 268-0083
Sanjay V. Patel
A10-113      Awarded:12/15/2010
Title:Chemical sensing patch with woven conductive fibers
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR, Seacoast Science proposes to develop a chemical sensor array based on conductive fibers and chemically sensitive materials that are compatible with being woven into a patch. The use of flexible circuitry and conductive fibers to interconnect the sensing sites to the readout circuit allows for a thin, lightweight system, and the use of polymer- composite materials as sensors means that the sensor will be small and require very little power to measure. Conductive fabrics and fibers can be woven to provide the necessary conductive pathways for power and data. Therefore patch will be small and lightweight and provide warfighters with a disposable detector system that does not increase their burden significantly. The modular design and ability to tune the sensors to specific target chemical classes means the device can easily be adapted to civilian or industrial detection applications, such as an industrial chemical monitor, similar to the radiation dosimeter worn by nuclear workers.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10306 Sausalito Dr
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Swapnajit Chakravarty
A10-114      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Monolithic Photonic Crystal On-Chip Spectrometer for Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims at developing a commercially viable, 50 micron long lab-on-chip photonic crystal monolithically integrated, light-weight and easily portable infrared spectrometer for diode laser absorption spectroscopy of chemical warfare simulant triethylphosphate. Defect engineered photonic crystals, with sub micron dimensions have already demonstrated high sensitivity to trace volumes of analytes; however exact identification of analyte through spectroscopic signatures has not been demonstrated. Our device provides a factor of 2000 reduction in optical interaction length with the analyte compared to conventional waveguides leading to enhanced optical absorption by analytes in the optical path. By measuring absorption differences in presence and absence of triethylphosphate, presence of triethylphosphate is determined. The fabrication platform ensures easy monolithic integration of infrared lasers, detectors and spectrometer with high volume and low cost production. Our device is light-weight and miniature, and allows easy portability and extremely versatile. Our technology can be extended to spectroscopy of any gas in multiple application areas and markets.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Michael B. Frish
A10-114      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Monolithic Integrated-Optic TDLAS Sensors and Networks
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop prototype chip-scale low-power integrated optic gas-phase chemical sensors, based on infrared Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS). TDLAS is able to sense many TICs and CWAs with high sensitivity and selectivity, and low false alarm rate. Each envisioned device will sense one targeted chemical; several devices working in tandem will sense several chemicals. Novel gas sensing elements using solid-state optical waveguides will permit monolithic integration of a laser source, sampling section, and detector on a semiconductor materials system substrate. Use of semiconductor fabrication and assembly techniques will enable low-cost mass production, so that many hundreds or thousands of such sensors can be distributed cost-effectively over a wide area of interest and communicate among each other via a wireless network. By the completion of Phase III, these miniature sensors will be configured in cellphone-size packages making them rugged enough for dropping from an airplane and operable for at least several days when powered by self-contained batteries. Phase I will evaluate a novel passively-cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser source that is a key enabling component, and will quantify expected detection limits.

eSpin Technologies, Inc.
7151 Discovery Drive
Chattanooga, TN 37416
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 267-6266
Jayesh Doshi
A10-115      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Manufacturing Development of Biomimetic Tissue Engineering Scaffolds
Abstract:In the last decade, researchers have investigated nanofiber based medical vehicles for various biomedical applications. The challenge is to produce nanofiber vehicles outside laboratory environment for clinical trial. This proposed effort is targeted at developing a cGMP compliant prototype process to demonstrate manufacturing of tissue scaffold. During PhaseI, an innovative scaffold will be made using an electrospinning process from biodegradable polymer. The scaffold will be manufactured to meet the design specifications pertaining to applications like bone regeneration, grafts, among other applications. Electrospun fibersize, web thickness, pore size, and mechanical properties will be controlled to meet design specs. An innovative sterilization method will be developed to make these scaffold sterile. During the OPTION phase, we will develop design specification for pilot machine, develop a cost model covering material, manufacturing, and return on investment for capital investment in the pilot line. The model will provide material cost during clinical trial phase. Additionally, data would be gathered for device master file and packaging methodology will be investigated for packing and shipping of tissue scaffold. The END game is to have a facility to meet the production capacity with varied capability to provide tissue scaffold material for clinical trial at military and civilian sites.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
Greg Slavik
A10-115      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Scaleable Microfabrication of Random Network Fiber Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
Abstract:Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc. (TA&T) proposes a novel fabrication process for producing fibrous network scaffolds suitable for connective tissue engineering. The process leverages microfabrication technologies that have matured for large volume production of micro- and nano-scale devices in the semiconductor and micro-electrical mechanical systems (MEMS) industries but have seen limited application in biological systems. Particularly, soft lithographic techniques and automated deposition will be employed for a cost effective manufacturing process that is inherently scalable. The proposed technology will directly control the size and morphology of difficult to process natural biopolymers on the microscale to produce engineered scaffolds.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4245
Fang Li
A10-116      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:Integrated Hybrid Sensor/Microfluidic Chip for Cellular Toxicity Sensing
Abstract:Recently, cell-based biosensors, such as electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS), have been used as toxicity sensors for rapid monitoring of a wide range of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) in drinking waters. However, several limitations existing in current cell-based toxicity sensors prevent their use in the field. For example, the large size of the chip and media demands limits its application for assessment of field drinking water supplies. The maintenance of viable cells on the chips for long periods of time prior to testing is problematic. Also, the current toxicity sensor uses only a single sensing endpoint (impedance). With the advances in lab-on-a-chip technologies, cell maintenance systems that are integrated into the chip become possible. Therefore, it is highly desirable to merge advances in label-free multiparametric cellular sensing with microfluidic technology to develop a truly field portable fluidic chip with integrated supporting elements that can improve long-term cell maintenance and cytotoxicity sensing capabilities for field use. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), along with our collaborators Prof. Qing- Ming Wang at University of Pittsburgh, propose to develop an integrated impedance/acoustic sensor system with capabilities of long-term cell maintenance.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2509
Blaine Butler
A10-116      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Encapsulated Cell Microfluidic Sensor for Water Toxin Detection
Abstract:Luna Innovations will determine the feasibility of developing an encapsulated cell based microfluidic sensor device that has an extended cell viability lifetime, requires no external power for cell maintenance, and is capable of detecting a wide array of water contaminants, toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) using multiple cytotoxicity endpoints. The proposed encapsulated cell technology will provide significant improvements in cell lifetime, operational stability, and decreased maintenance requirements, resulting in a transportable easy to operate, low power, field ready device. During Phase I Luna will demonstrate stable electrical impedance performance of encapsulated cells for a minimum of 45days with significant reduction in maintenance requirements. Phase II will focus on increasing cell lifetime, >90 days, removing the fluid pump system from the transportation unit, integrating temperature stability, detection and analysis systems into the portable unit, demonstrating sensitivity to a wide range of TICs for both colorometric and impedance sensing, and constructing a prototype for delivery to the U.S. Army. Concurrently, Luna will be working to adapt the encapsulated cell electrodes as sensor devices for other non-military applications, including water utilities at the state and local levels and other pharmacological toxicity testing.

Techshot, Inc.
7200 Highway 150
Greenville, IN 47124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(812) 923-9591
Alan Constance
A10-117      Awarded:12/17/2010
Title:Manufacturing Development of Allogeneic Stem Cells in Clinical Settings
Abstract:Techshot proposes to improve the isolation and immunoselection of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue using Quadrupole Magnetic flow Sorting (QMS). This separator technology sorts magnetically labeled cells at high speed and is capable of processing large volumes of tissue such as lipoaspirate digests. QMS has previously been employed to isolate hematological cells from blood and Pancreatic Islets of Langerhans from digested solid tissue, and the innovative new embodiment will be capable of isolating single cells from solid tissue. The ability to produce large numbers of pure cells by QMS could minimize in vitro expansion requirements and automate the cell production process. In proposed Phase I research Techshot will pursue the following objectives: (1) Design and prototype a closed system to isolate and enrich with high specificity donor stem cells from adipose tissue; (2) Satisfy requirements for labeling and selecting one donor stem cell type; and (3) Determine the flexibility to employ QMS for multiple applications by testing with adipose tissue. This unique immunological based approach is expected to result in leap-ahead improvements in the efficiency of enrichment, quality, and specificity for allogeneic cell therapies utilizing adipose mesenchymal cells as an exemplary source for post-trauma tissue regeneration and wound healing.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
John Mueller
A10-118      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:A Universal Bio-Signature Detection Array for Species Identification of Leishmania and Sand Fly Vector
Abstract:Leishmaniasis is a disease endemic to several tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world which is spread by the bite of female sandfly carrying parasites known as Leishmania. Pathological manifestations of infection range from itchy skin to disfiguring ulcerous sores and death, requiring varying treatment strategies. Deployed US military personnel in regions of the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa are at risk of infection. Although several species of both parasite and sandfly are known, only some sandfly species are man-biting, requiring tailored sandfly population control strategies, and medical intervention response is parasite-species specific. Thus, the control and treatment of leishmaniases depends on proper detection of infected vectors and accurate identification of vector and parasite species. Existing approaches include DNA and enzyme-based methods that have various limitations, including cost, time, and a lack of specificity and/or sensitivity. Lynntech proposes a new, DNA chip-based technology that generates unique biosignatures of individual sandfly and Leishmania species, without prior genomic information, which can be used to simultaneously genotype both species from extracted sandfly DNA mixtures using mathematical clustering methods. The technology will have wider biodefense significance; i.e., for pathogen and host forensics, identifying engineered pathogen strains, and measuring genetic response to CBRN exposure.

Nexogen, Inc.
9412 Maler Rd.
San Diego, CA 92129
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 657-0270
Elizabeth Mather
A10-118      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Differentiation of Leishmania in the Sand fly Vector
Abstract:Multiplex assays will be developed for identifying Leishmania from sand flies and for determining the species of the parasites. A multiplex PCR will be developed to amplify the gene loci needed to distinguish the closely related species of the pathogenic species. Analysis of the PCR products will be performed on an electronic microarray, a method that is well suited for the rapid analysis of complex gene products. Electronic addressing of the target and hybridization occurs within 1 – 2 minutes. This method allows high levels of multiplex analysis and is excellent at detecting point mutations as well deletions/insertions. The assay will be adapted to a small, inexpensive point-of–care instrument that will integrate the nucleic acid sample preparation with amplification and the electronic microarray detection. This approach offers a rapid method of detection coupled with high levels of multiplexing which will facilitate the identification of multiple species of pathogenic Lieshmania and allow them to be distinguished from the non-pathogenic species with which they coexist in the environment. The combination of automated sample preparation with rapid PCR and rapid detection method will allow a time to result of less than 4 hours making this assay suitable for use in small labs or remote locations.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18 Suite 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A10-119      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Smart Surgical Tool Development
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes, for the first time, a compact high energy fiber laser based smart surgical tool to meet with the requirement of this Army solicitation. It includes a high energy eye safer fs fiber laser and a LIBS/MPM imaging system for real time identification and ablation of various materials such as tissues, hard tissues, and metals. A proof of concept experiment for protocols and algorithms will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame. A prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Raydiance, Inc.
2199 S. McDowell Blvd Suite 140
Petaluma, CA 94954
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 559-2100
Mike Mielke
A10-119      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Ultrafast Fiber Lasers Smart Surgical Tool Development
Abstract:Fiber-based ultrafast lasers, with their ability to athermally ablate organic and inorganic materials, offer the potential for deploying a surgical tool with micron resolution that does not impart collateral damage to areas adjoining a target. Further, ultrafast technology can be used to perform laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) of materials being ablated. This project proposes to develop a “smart scalpel” surgical platform that will integrate the precise ablation capabilities of sub-picosecond laser pulses with a real-time feedback of LIBS analysis, a synergy of tools that will greatly enhance a surgeon’s ability to perform multiple surgical techniques. Research, analyses, modeling, and experimental studies will be conducted in the following areas: ablation protocols for tissues and materials relevant to the ultrafast laser surgical tool, real-time spectroscopic materials differentiation techniques for smart scalpel control, histology of ablated samples to reveal effects of laser and materials interaction, and software algorithms for real-time discrimination of materials during surgical ablation. The option phase of the program will focus on developing rapid reconfiguration of the platform for optimal ablation of different materials and prototyping concepts for beam delivery and spectroscopic feedback signal collection for the surgical tool.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Daniel Renner
A10-120      Awarded:11/22/2010
Title:High Speed Flash Imaging Laser Vibrometer for the Detection of Suicide Bomber IEDs (SBIEDs)
Abstract:Aerius, together with our team partners, proposes to develop a Flash Imaging Laser Vibrometer optimized for SBIED detection applications. The proposed vibrometer will operate at a standoff distance of more than 125 meters and have an adjustable Field of View (FOV) so that the attention can readily focus to a subsection of the full Focal Plane Array (FPA) with automatic identification of critical body target areas. The vibrometer will take advantage of its flash imaging capability to provide sub-second response so that it can image personnel while they are on the move. The units will be portable with reduced size, weight and power as well as cost compatible with having multiple sensor systems at a location, operating at different vantage points for full coverage. The proposed solution uses large and rugged Aerius proprietary InGaAs-based Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs). These arrays offer superior noise and sensitivity performance and they are sensitive in the wavelength range from 0.9 µm to 1.7 µm. This SBIED detection solution is scalable, larger FPAs can be introduced when needed providing future-proofing protection.

Photonics Applications, LLC
13218 N. Pioneer Way
Oro Valley, AZ 85755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 797-8183
Steven E. Moran
A10-120      Awarded:2/22/2011
Title:Laser Vibrometry Detection of SBIEDs
Abstract:This effort has two main objectives. The first is to determine the existence of characterize, and evaluate the utility of a number of postulated SBIED signatures related to the presence of an SBIED explosives belt. These signatures will be explored using a commercial interferometric imaging system viewing a surrogate SBIED in a laboratory environment. The second objective is to develop a design concept for a prototype eye-safe, field-deployable imaging interferometer SBIED detection system that is capable of detecting those postulated SBIED signatures found to be viable at ranges of 100 meters and longer.

BMB Discount Guns, Ammunition, and Supplies
PO BOX 518 311 West Milton Ave
Milton, LA 70558
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(337) 856-6694
Brady Broussard
A10-121      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Dim and Imperceptible Tracer Ammunition Product Development
Abstract:BMB Discount Guns, Ammunition, and Supplies proposes to develop a novel form of dim tracer ammunition. This ammunition is a non-burning, chemically inert, constant mass tracer. This design of this dim tracer is such that it cannot be perceived by enemy forces, even with enhanced optics. This ammunition can be manufactured with masses substantially identical to ball ammunition. By matching the mass and trajectory of ball ammo, the lethality of our tracer ammunition is increased to that of conventional ball ammunition. The production techniques possible with this new form of tracer will also allow for the production of highly accurate, “match” grade tracer ammunition. These new tracer materials, as a class, tend to be non-reactive, pose no flammability risk, and are biologically safe. Precautions in handling and potential ammunition manufacture would be limited to the inhalation and dust contamination hazards common to all powdered materials. Our luminescent tracer concept will greatly increase the value of dim tracer ammunition by providing a more accurate and reliable ammunition tracer to the American warfighter and simplifying and eliminating many of the hazards currently experienced in manufacturing traditional small-arms tracer ammunition.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
A10-121      Awarded:1/13/2011
Title:Rearward Emitting Tracer Ammunition
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for small caliber tracer ammunition that is dim and visible only by the shooter and friendly forces, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the novel Rearward Emitting Tracer Ammunition (RETA), based on an innovative design that integrates mature materials and fabrication processes with POC-developed and COTS components. This innovation enables RETA to be visible to the user during the day and not to saturate night-vision goggles/devices. Because it does not leave a visible combustion trail, RETA is only perceptible to the shooter and friendly forces near the shooter while maintaining imperceptibility to foes. Its mass remains unchanged throughout the entire trajectory path; therefore, its lethality and range are not affected. The inert nature of the material in RETA allows it to have a long shelf life with reliable performance. In Phase I, POC will identify the fabrication process and produce prototypes for demonstration. Producibility and optical emission efficacy will be characterized and compared with similar tracer products. In Phase II, POC will optimize the fabrication process and fabricate complete live RETA rounds to demonstrate their capability in a military weapon and to test their capability of integrating and operating within Army operational architecture.

Minnesota Wire & Cable Co.
1835 Energy Park Drive
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 659-6763
Tom Kukowski
A10-122      Awarded:10/19/2010
Title:Lightweight EMI Resistant Wiring Solutions
Abstract:Wiring and connectors are particularly vulnerable to electromagnetic interference. This is in part due to the harnesses that place both power and signal wiring in close proximity. For many applications, the solution to such a problem might be increasing the amount of shielding on the wires. However, for aviation platforms solutions that add weight are typically not viable. Because they form conductive composites at such low loading ratios, carbon nanotubes could be a key component in EMI shielding. Compared to conventional metal- based EMI shielding materials, electrically conducting polymer composites has attracted interest due to their light weight, resistance to corrosion, flexibility, and processing advantages. Minnesota Defense proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of creating aircraft wires with high-levels of EMI shielding (without adding weight), through the use of carbon nanotube sheets and yarns.

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-1785
Richard Claus
A10-122      Awarded:10/15/2010
Title:Lightweight EMI-Resistant Metal Rubber™ Wiring for Rotorcraft
Abstract:NanoSonic’s breakthrough technology of Metal RubberTM lends itself to the Army’s objective of reducing the EMI susceptibility of wiring on advanced helicopters, by 1) improving the performance of current technology wiring harnesses, and 2) using Metal Rubber’s unique characteristics to fundamentally change wire harness design. Metal Rubber offers significant weight reduction over current solid metal wire, RF shielding and electrical grounding materials. Metal Rubber is a self-assembled nanocomposite with an electrical conductivity on the order of that of bulk copper (107 S/m). Its mass density (1 g/cc) is less than that of copper (8.96 g/cc), so replacing copper wiring with Metal Rubber may result in weight savings of up to 90%. Metal Rubber also exhibits broadband EMI shielding behavior for low areal densities, so may be used as lightweight shielding/ground sheath within cable to reduce EMI coupling and improve EMC performance, and as electrically conducting coating or appliqué on composite structure. During Phase I, NanoSonic will fabricate shielded Metal Rubber wire and cable and versions of shielding/ground materials, and evaluate their electromagnetic and environmental performance according to MIL SPEC standards. NanoSonic has a CAI of 40, works with multiple major defense contractors and has specialized materials onboard fielded defense platforms.

Nico Technologies Corp.
401 W. Morgan Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 945-8131
Kelechi Anyaogu
A10-123      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Ultrastrong Dual Use Nanocomposite Materials for Blast and Transparent Armor
Abstract:The main goal of this proposal is to develop novel lightweight high strength composite materials to be used as materials for next-generation transparent armor for multifunctional structural load support and mitigation of ballistic threats and blast impacts. While providing adequate protection most of the time, the current technology of transparent armor presents difficult challenges due to heavy weight, large thickness, and lack of structural flexibility. To achieve the goals of the research, we intend to use high strength composite materials, in combination with the innovative topological design of the macrostructures. Layer-by-layer assembly method makes possible ideal stress transfer in the material and record mechanical properties exceeding those used in the traditional transparent armor. Hierarchical organization of the proposed laminates combining nanoscale, microscale, and millimeter scale sheets can make possible efficient dissipation of energy and efficient utilization of bulk properties of traditional materials of ballistic-proof and blast resistance transparent shield panels. In the time period allocated for the project, we will prepare the initial test panels with varying composition, evaluate their mechanical properties, carry out third-party ballistic and blast protection tests, and develop a technical cost model for the large scale manufacturing of the novel nanocomposites.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 636-5419
Denise Deppe
A10-123      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Ultrastrong Dual Use Nanocomposite Materials for Blast and Transparent Armor
Abstract:Nanocomposites are proving effective in protecting occupants of tactical ground vehicles from ballistic threats and mine blasts while maintaining optical transparency. In the proposed program, (Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) will develop a process for manufacturing these materials at rates higher than previously achieved. This approach utilizes SMRC’s experience in the development of transparent ballistic materials as well as its expertise in polymer nanocomposites and the design of automated process equipment. Aqueous solutions of crosslinkable polymer and aqueous suspensions of nanoclay will be simultaneously sprayed onto a surface to produce thin films that are then layered and crosslinked to form thick sheets. Crosslinking chemically bonds the reinforcing nanoclay to the polymer matrix, maximizing load transfer. The resulting nanomaterials are transparent and have the high tensile strength and stiffness typical of self-assembled polymer-clay nanocomposites made using the time-consuming layer-by-layer (LbL) processes. The simultaneous-spray process will be capable of producing large sheets of material with throughput more than 200 times that of LbL. In Phase I, both the chemistry and the process will be tailored to maximize strength, toughness, and transparency, culminating in the demonstration of ballistic resistance in testing and qualification to the required STANAG 4569 Protection Level.

Quallion LLC
12744 San Fernando Road Building 3
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 833-2015
Hisashi Tsukamoto
A10-124      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range
Abstract:Quallion LLC (Quallion) responds to SBIR solicitation No. A10-124 entitled “Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range.” The objectives of this Phase I solicitation call for the development of “[i]ncrease the operational temperature range of prismatic laminate lithium ion battery cells through electrolyte and materials improvements which allows transition of these batteries to Army ground vehicles without the overhead of specialized heating and cooling systems.” To achieve this objective in Phase I, Quallion will evaluate several cell electrolytes to optimize Quallion’s current low temperature electrolyte technology and increase its high temperature stability using its existing high power chemistry as a baseline. Quallion will evaluate several combinations of cell materials based on its extensive experience with a variety of cell materials capable of operating in the wide temperature range. When these studies are completed, Quallion will fabricate small test cells using the developed electrolyte and selected materials and conduct testing over a wide temperature range. Using the Phase I results, during Phase II, Quallion will produce large format cells integrated to a battery of the “6T” form factor.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1241
David Ofer
A10-124      Awarded:2/25/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Batteries with Wide Operating Temperature Range
Abstract:TIAX, LLC will develop a laminated prismatic Lithium-ion cell based on electrolyte formulations that TIAX has already demonstrated to be capable of supporting high power and long operational life across an extended temperature range from -50 şC to 70 şC. The cell chemistry will incorporate anode and cathode materials chosen to enable high rate charging at low temperature, and long cycle life in laminated cell packaging at high temperature, while achieving the highest energy content that can be obtained within the restraints of the operating temperature and cell packaging requirements.

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 663-9500
Kurt D. Annen
A10-125      Awarded:10/21/2010
Title:Plug & Play Integrated Hybrid Power System for Humanoid Robot
Abstract:Robotic platforms, such as humanoid robots and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are significantly contributing to the capabilities of the U.S. Army. The BEAR humanoid robot offers exceptional capabilities for a robotic platform, but its mission duration is substantially constrained by the low volumetric energy density of rechargeable batteries. For maximum operational flexibility, the power source must be contained within the BEAR outer form and not attached externally to the back of the BEAR. This presents a challenging volumetric energy density requirement for its power source. No currently commercially available power systems can meet all of the power source requirements for the BEAR robot, including the energy density requirement. Aerodyne Research, Inc (ARI) with its teaming partner Busek Co. proposes to adapt ARI’s free-piston miniature IC engine (MICE) generator technology to the humanoid robot power source application. This technology can provide lightweight, compact power generation using JP-8 fuel that is well-suited for the challenging BEAR robot application. The power source will have hybrid capability, providing power from batteries alone, from the MICE generator alone, or from a combination of both, and will allow the batteries to be recharged while providing power to the robot during most of the mission.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Anna Galea
A10-126      Awarded:10/28/2010
Title:Reducing the Effect of Motion Sickness by Oculo-Vestibular Equilibration and Suppression (REMOVES)
Abstract:Motion sickness is of particular military importance in the transport of troops, be it by air, by land, or by sea. Motion sickness affects a person's ability to function at the peak of their performance, which is an important concern for troops being transported to the mission theater of operations. Despite the potential difficulties that can be incited by motion sickness, armed forces are frequently subjected to situations that can bring on motion sickness. Driving under indirect-vision driving (IVD) conditions is particularly disposed to result in motion sickness. Despite the importance of mitigating motion sickness, to date the only proven methods for reducing symptoms of motion sickness are pharmacological and thus, are of limited use to armed forces. Pharmaceuticals must be taken in advance of transport, a luxury of time our troops don’t always have. Moreover, they typically have associated cognitive effects which last long after transportation is completed. Our promising on-demand, non-pharmacological method of mitigating motion sickness, will be of considerable aid to our troops driving under IVD conditions, enabling them to reach destinations and complete missions without the adverse and prolonged effects of either motion sickness or traditional treatments.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
A10-126      Awarded:11/16/2010
Title:Motion Sickness Reduction System
Abstract:To address the Army need for innovative approaches that will reduce vehicle-display-induced motion sickness, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Motion Sickness Reduction (MSR) system. This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes mature components developed in-house and COTS components. The innovation in integrating design and implementation of a foveated head-mounted display will enable the MSR system to reduce vehicle-display-induced motion sickness and to evaluate system performance. To do so, this MSR system offers reduced indirect vision driving (IVD) system latency (<80 ms), stabilization of the source video stream, and video correction in accordance with a driver’s or operator’s head movement. The system will have an automatic capability to evaluate its performance characteristics. These features directly address the PEO Integration acquisition program requirements to improve performance of drivers and C2 operators while operating in IVD mode. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of an MSR system prototype in laboratory experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fieldable prototype, test it on a military vehicle, and deliver it to the Army.

CalRAM, Inc.
2380 Shasta Ave, Suite B
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 844-7819
Dave Ciscel
A10-127      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Additive Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:Lightweight gimbal assemblies capable of meeting both thermal and structural requirements in military aviation environments can be accomplished through the use of titanium alloys. However, to achieve a production unit cost not to exceed $600-$1200 per gimbal assembly for a seeker gimbal assembly based on expectations for 20,000 to 30,000 gimbals is very challenging. CalRAM, Inc, a company established to do additive manufacturing, has been developing a near-net shape fabrication process capable of generating titanium components with physical and mechanical properties comparable to wrought titanium. The “tool-less” process called Electron Beam Melting (EBM) manufacturing produces parts directly from CAD files, uses an electron beam as the energy source and melts titanium powder in a heated powder bed. Since the process builds parts one-layer at a time, several details can be integrated into each layer reducing part count. CalRAM’s vision to accomplish the high- volume and low-cost targets will be to create a dedicated manufacturing cell based on EBM fabrication coupled with CNC machining, inspection, cleaning and packaging. The goal of Phase I is to develop a recommendation for the leading approach to produce gimbal assemblies for Phase II.

Integran Technologies USA Inc.
2541 Appletree Dr
Pittsburgh, PA 15241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(954) 328-3880
Edward Yokley
A10-127      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Advanced Materials and Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals
Abstract:Integran Technologies USA, Inc. (Integran USA) is pleased to provide this proposal in response to the Army Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Request for Proposal (RFP) “A10-127: Advanced Materials and Manufacturing for Lightweight, Low Cost Seeker Gimbals”, to investigate the use of novel nanometal/polymer hybrids as lightweight, low cost alternatives to the materials used in conventional gimbal assemblies. By combining low cost, injection molded polymer substrates with high strength nanocrystalline metals coatings, new hybrid materials are created that exhibit strength and stiffness comparable to that of lightweight metals such as aluminum or magnesium, while maintaining densities comparable to those of plastics. Injection molding the substrate will allow for signification cost savings compared to machining or die casing and can still allow for intricately designed parts. This project will investigate the use of nanometal/polymer hybrid materials as lightweight and low cost alternatives to conventional materials for seeker gimbal assemblies. Phase I efforts will focus on selecting the optimal nanometal alloy and polymer combination and their respective volume fractions to yield the desired strength, stiffness, and thermal expansion requirements.

Global Aerospace Corporation
711 West Woodbury Road, Suite H
Altadena, CA 91001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 345-1200
Kerry T. Nock
A10-128      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Missile Deployed Aerial Platform
Abstract:Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC) proposes to carry out the development of a Missile Deployed Aerial Platform (MDAP) that is capable of instantly providing communications, intelligence, surveillance, and/or reconnaissance capabilities to the battlefield warfighter. Real time battlefield information, from communications and situational awareness assets, is becoming more critical to commanders for moment-to-moment decision-making. To address this need, GAC proposes a disposable satellite-like aerial platform. GAC's approach satisfies the Army's need for an aerial platform that can instantly be deployed above a battlefield by a missile and that is designed to support Army Enterprise payloads. One concept of operations has a payload and stowed aerial platform being placed into the weapon bay of a tactical missile. The missile and platform are then programmed for launch and deployment, respectively, at a desired geographic location and altitude above a battlefield. GAC's concept is lightweight and low-cost; has a selectable deployment altitude and target range; achieves high-speed deceleration and orientation of missile forebody for platform deployment; incorporates a controller that initiates deployment; features a reliable and robust deployment method; and finally, easily scales up to larger missile size, for larger Army payloads or higher altitude, with little increase in unit cost.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 932-5667
Stephen Schoenholtz
A10-128      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Missile Delivered Aerial Platform with Modular Payload Interface
Abstract:A persistent presence above the battlefield provides for distinct advantages in areas of operation. Aerial platforms can suspend surveillance, SIGINT and C3 payloads aloft for the use of operators and observers. These resources are often most effective when they can be deployed instantly. KaZaK proposes a missile delivered aerial platform with a modular, high- capacity payload allowing operators to place communications or intelligence equipment above an AO within seconds of a launch order. Currently, three technologies are available to perform this mission: lighter-than-air, fixed wing and rotary wing. KaZaK proposes a collapsible fixed wing vehicle as the payload platform. Initial conceptual design shows that the fixed wing planform is 98% smaller than the lighter-than-air option and requires a 90% smaller engine than the rotary wing option. The Phase I effort includes development of vehicle designs, missile integration, high-speed deployment risk mitigation and performance analysis to position for a Phase II prototype build. Design criteria include providing a large payload capacity, +2 hours of endurance, autonomous station-keeping orbit, missile payload geometry conformance and maintaining missile mass properties. The resulting system will launch, rapidly transit to an area of interest, deploy an aerial vehicle and remain aloft for the duration of the mission.

Akervall Technologies Inc.
Tech Brewery 137 Jones Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 505-3552
Jan Akervall
A10-129      Awarded:11/18/2010
Title:Computer-design and Biomechanical Testing of Impact-energy Absorbing Protective Mandibular Appliance
Abstract:Akervall Technologies Inc. is developing a novel approach to energy-absorbing and energy- dissipating mouth guards. It is proposed to systematically measure and characterize in a biomechanics laboratory a set of realistic impact conditions, identifying the transmission and propagation of forces from jaw or dentition to TMJ, skull, and neck without and with a variety of dental appliances in place, comparing the effectiveness of impact energy dissipation of commercially available appliances to that of the patent pending appliance under development by Akervall Technologies, Inc. The second technical objective of the proposed project is to develop a multiphysics model geared toward optimizing the impact energy dissipation of appliance materials and designs, based on the experimental results obtained in the biomechanics laboratory, and to explore how and to what extent appropriately designed mouth guards with strategically placed perforations and energy-absorbing zones can dissipate the energies transmitted to the TMJ and skull. The computer-guided optimized mouth guard design will then be translated into prototypes for further biomechanical impact testing, and manufacturing techniques will be developed that are suitable for the production of mouth guard prototypes meeting military specifications.

TOOL., INCORPORATED
4 BERINGER WAY
MARBLEHEAD, MA 01945
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 631-7500
John Fiegener
A10-129      Awarded:10/28/2010
Title:MTBI Protective Mandibular Appliance
Abstract:Traumatic brain injury (TBI), often caused by shock waves from blasts, has been called the "signature wound" of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Commonly, the deleterious effects on the blast are compounded by the extra forces transmitted to the skull from the jaw through the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In contact sports, it has been shown that mouth guards can be effective in reducing concussions and mild TBI. This proposal describes how tool., Inc., in collaboration with Dr. Robert Cantu of Boston University Medical Center and Emerson Hospital, a world-renowned authority on neurology and sports medicine, will develop an appliance to mitigate concussive forces associated with high-energy blasts. In Phase I, potential materials and relevant existing devices, particularly athletic mouth guards, will be researched for their application to a product that could be used by the military. Initial design concepts will be worked out based on this research. In the Phase I Option, more concrete models will be made as a precursor to an in-depth commercialization plan to be addressed in Phase II.

ATC - NY
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