---------- OSD ----------

171 Phase I Selections from the 10.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Applied NanoFemto Technologies LLC
181 Stedman St. #2
Lowell, MA 01851
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 430-7128
Jarrod Vaillancourt
OSD10-A01      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Multi-layer Infrared sensor and focal plane array (FPA) protection
Abstract:Infrared (IR) sensors and focal plane arrays (FPA) play important roles in numerous civilian and defense applications including night vision, target detection, tracking and identification, chemical and biological sensing, environment monitoring, and medical diagnostics. Because of this, IR photodetectors and FPAs are targets of reverse engineering (RE) attacks. This SBIR project aims to develop a new reverse engineering protection technology capable of providing multi-layer protections ranging from physical, electrical, structural down to material levels. Successfully perform the proposed innovation would offer an effective reverse engineering protection technology for IR sensors and FPAs. In phase I, the proposed reverse engineering protection technology will be analyzed and developed. Effectiveness of protection system against reverse engineering attacks will be evaluated. Impacts on the system performance will be investigated. In Phase II, a prototype of the IR sensor and FPA reverse engineering protection system will be developed and delivered to the program manager for on-site testing and evaluation.

Azimuth Corporation
4134 Linden Ave. Suite 300
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 256-8571
David Tomlin
OSD10-A01      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Dual Nature Tamper Response Device for EO/IR Sensors
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I program is to develop the requisite technologies to build tamper response devices that prevent the reverse engineering of military infrared focal plane array systems by destroying key elements of the IR system upon the detection of a tamper attack. The combination of mechanisms employed by the tamper response device is selectable from a variety of destructive mechanisms and can be tailored to the level of destruction required for the technology to prevent reverse engineering. Depending on the technology being protected, the level of destruction can vary from rendering the device inoperable to completely destroying the device. This flexibility enables the tamper response device to be used in a wide variety of applications including ones requiring no collateral damage and no harmful byproducts.

GrammaTech, Inc
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Jason Dickens
OSD10-A02      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Physical Unclonable Functions
Abstract:Physically Unclonable Devices (PUFs) have many applications in security and digital rights management. These devices are used in creation of random number generators used to seed key generation and one-time pad construction for encryption applications. They are also used as a means of uniquely authenticating a piece of hardware or computing device. Given the large applicability of field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), it is desirable to have PUFs that can be applied to these commercial devices. However, existing FPGA-based PUFs have relatively low entropy and security. We propose a new design process that will produce new PUF architectures with higher entropy and security.

Leanics Corporation
6600 Fountain Lane N.
Maple Grove, MN 55311
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 597-0484
Aaron E. Cohen
OSD10-A02      Awarded:2/8/2011
Title:LeanTec: Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Physical Unclonable Functions
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a novel field programmable gate array (FPGA) based physical unclonable function (PUF) with higher entropy than current implementations, the feasibility of creating PUF based RNGs, and PUF based authentication algorithms. These PUFs will be used to ensure intellectual property (IP) is protected, to prevent tampering with FPGA designs, and to prevent unauthorized access to information. To this end, Leanics Corporation will leverage its extensive experience in FPGA design, circuit design, security protocol design, and error correction code design to develop best in class PUF circuits for FPGAs. Results of this project will have broader impacts in other commercial market sectors such as cellular phone systems, secure communications, smart cards, medical devices, and smart grid devices for electrical power distribution and regulation.

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James Lewis
OSD10-A02      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Physical Unclonable Functions
Abstract:LIT proposes development of PUF Technology with improved entropy, variation, and noise characteristics. This technology holds promise for verifying the configuration of secure systems and verifying that the configuration has not been tampered with. This concept provides a new capability for verifying and authenticating hardware. In order to be effective for all AT applications, PUF responses must exhibit a unique result for each unit tested, exhibit a consistent result each time the same unit is tested, and provide as many effective bits of accuracy as possible.

NVE Corp. (formerly Nonvolatile Electronics, Inc.)
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 918-1154
Joseph Davies
OSD10-A02      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Physical Unclonable Functions
Abstract:Randomness is required for a variety of computational, statistical, testing, and security related applications. Of particular interest are future commercial high-speed encryption applications, such as high-speed cryptographic key exchange for quantum cryptography. This encryption technology is expected to be coming to market in the near future, and there are currently no commercially available true random number generators that can simultaneously meet the speed and statistical requirements of this application. In this Phase I project, a chaotic entropy source based on magnetic random access memory and high- speed digital isolator technology will be developed, and the feasibility for producing a high quality gigabit per second random bit stream will be demonstrated. The Phase II portion of this project will develop and deliver a prototype single chip high-speed true random number generator.

NVE Corp. (formerly Nonvolatile Electronics, Inc.)
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-9217
John Anderson
OSD10-A02      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Anti-Tamper MRAM-Based Physical Unclonable Functions (PUF) for FPGA Security
Abstract:A Physical Unclonable Function (PUF) makes use of randomness in IC processing to generate a unique IC fingerprint that can be used as secure authentication in FPGAs. NVE's AT-MRAM technology addresses this security need by adding an AT-MRAM-based PUF to FPGA-based technology. This adds three layers of functionality to the FPGA memory architecture: it is an NV memory that can eventually replace both SRAM and FLASH; it is secured by anti-tamper technology which will erase the memory upon intrusion; it represents a Physical Unclonable Function for secure authentication. In the Phase I project, it will be demonstrated that an AT-MRAM yields a Physically Unclonable Function when fully erased by a tamper event. The Phase II effort will incorporate the AT-MRAM PUF into FPGA architecture.

Securics, Inc.
1867 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Ste 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80918
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 387-8660
Brian Heflin
OSD10-A02      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Physical Unclonable Functions
Abstract:Physical Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are a less expensive and more secure alternative to the use of non-volatile memories to provide the secret storage. A PUF is a function that maps a set of challenges to a set of responses based on an intractably complex physical system. Given a fixed challenge, the corresponding response will vary across different ICs since the variations in the manufacturing process cause significant delay differences among different ICs. However, one major problem with current hard and soft PUFs is that they possess relatively low entropy. For this proposal Secuics is introducing a new increased entropy and unbiased PUF design based on basic existing "delay-based" but biased PUF elements. We call this new design a Pattern PUF. Compared to the basic PUF designs, the Pattern PUF allows an easier implementation for both ASICs and FPGAs, provides unbiased outputs, and provides an easier evaluation and expansion of the entropy while providing higher reliability/repeatability. The Pattern PUF circuit can be used as a random number generator (RNG) and a secret volatile key generator for cryptographic operations. A multi-bit PUF signature can be generated by running the circuit multiple times or by instantiating multiple instances of the Pattern PUF.

Hirsch Engineering and Communications, inc.
10300 N. Cassel Rd.
Vandalia, OH 45377
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 454-9662
Herbert L. Hirsch
OSD10-A03      Awarded:3/8/2011
Title:INternal System Properties Evaluator and Configuration TesteR (INSPECTR)
Abstract:INSPECTR is a simple, unique, practical, and cost-effective technology to solve the problem of system configuration verification. It provides an innovative means to detect configuration changes, by very precisely measuring the complex impedance of a system’s internal components, cables, boards, and other elements. When tampered with or changed, this system complex impedance becomes different from its original (trusted) state. Therefore, comparing high-precision impedance-related features for the original state (expected) and a measured state whenever the system is activated, is the basis for detecting these changes and initiating a response. This approach applies a foundation technology called SENTINEL, proven effective on a recent, ongoing Missile Defense Agency SBIR, that shows we can recognize when systems are in different configurations by measuring certain transient behavior of their power-supply voltage lines when they are activated. The INSPECTR innovation is to use the SENTINAL method, along with other measurement techniques, in a very sensitive, impedance-detecting bridge circuit. In Phase I, we will produce (1) an experimental prototype, (2) experimental and analytical feasibility assessments using the prototype, (3) a prototype performance demonstration, (4) a preliminary design to carry forward into Phase II, and (5) an assessment of commercialization potential.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Jeff Wheeler
OSD10-A03      Awarded:3/29/2011
Title:De-Icer: Digital System Configuration Verification and Control
Abstract:This proposal presents novel approaches for measuring, verifying, and assuring proper digital system configuration. The proposed research combines hardware and software to provide improved verification of trusted system components, including detecting circuit damage, electronic measuring probes and interposers, damaged firmware, and numerous other faults. The proposed research includes an interface with a hardware-assisted anti- tamper solution. Unwanted system configuration operations may be stopped or otherwise penalized with the proposed research. Phase I research will be performed on a commercial off the shelf (COTS) PC compatible system. However, the research is not in itself PC- specific, and may be applied to multiple systems architectures, including

The Athena Group, Inc.
408 West University Avenue Suite 306
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 371-2567
Jonathon D. Mellott
OSD10-A03      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:System Configuration Verification
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR project, The Athena Group, Inc. will develop an improved joint test action group (JTAG) implementation that incorporates support for autonomous board configuration verification, tamper detection and response, and the use of information assurance (IA) techniques to provide user authentication and confidentiality capabilities for JTAG diagnostics and maintenance functions. This improved JTAG implementation will preserve the considerable infrastructure investment in the electrical interface and low-level operating protocol of IEEE 1149.1 JTAG, and be fully compatible with existing devices that incorporate JTAG functionality. By leveraging the existing ubiquitous JTAG infrastructure, this technology may be employed immediately in new designs and can be easily retrofitted into current designs. Athena’s solution, called POST-JTAG, will combine Athena’s secure system-on-a-chip (SoC) technology with a JTAG test access port controller implementation to enable the desired capabilities. As a leading provider of semiconductor intellectual property, Athena is uniquely positioned and qualified to develop this technology and address the broad commercial and DoD markets for secure JTAG.

Verayo, Inc.
1054 S. DeAnza Blvd Suite 201
San Jose, CA 95129
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 996-0352
Mandel Yu
OSD10-A03      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:System Configuration Verification
Abstract:Veryao, Inc. in this SBIR proposal will develop a conceptual framework for a new and innovative approach to System Configuration Verification using state-of-the-art, next- generation Physical Unclonable Function (“PUF”) technology. Our aim is to explore and develop ways that PUF technology could be applied to hardware components, circuit boards and complete systems to verify hardware and software configurations of systems at start-up and ultimately, protect Confidential Program Information (CPI) and functionality in US fielded systems and US systems sold through foreign military sales. First proposed at MIT, breakthrough PUF technology has been developed to create device-unique roots-of-trust to enable secure authentication based on device-unique digital “silicon biometrics” and to generate robust device-unique, volatile (i.e., non-stored) cryptographic keys much less vulnerable to invasive attack, cloning/counterfeiting, or information leakage. In recent years accelerating progress has been made to demonstrate viable implementations of hardware- based PUFs (“Hard PUFs”) and software-based PUFs (e.g., “SoftPUFs” programmable into FPGAs) combinable with other HW and SW-based techniques in flexible and highly effective solutions to secure various types of electronic devices, components, and code (ASICs, FPGAs, memory, connector, printer circuit boards, firmware / software, etc). Verayo will explore how to bring these elements together effectively in a structured, practical system-level PUF architecture to address system configuration verification. Verayo will leverage its considerable experience and cutting-edge pioneering work in PUF technology for commercial markets and as well as DoD funded PUF research efforts. Verayo will perform an analysis and limited bench level testing to initially assess the effectiveness, cost, size, power consumption, and other pertinent characteristics of a candidate prototype PUF- based model. Verayo will partner closely in this project with Lockheed Martin, a leading DoD prime with significant anti-tamper resources and a large-scale infrastructure supplying and supporting US fielded systems and US systems sold via foreign military sales.

Crossfield Technology LLC
9390 Research Blvd Suite I200
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 795-0220
Adam Jachniewicz
OSD10-A04      Awarded:3/8/2011
Title:Anti-Reverse Engineering (RE) Techniques
Abstract:Crossfield intends to show an anti-reverse engineering methodology that encompasses several innovative features to thwart reverse engineering attempts by third parties. This anti- reverse engineering methodology exploits doped resistive paths (DRPs) in the substrate and/or at the poly-silicon transistor gate levels. They can be formed by overlaying dopant fields implanted with multiple energies and species in the same region of device to generate unique electrical responses. The DRPs can be formed by using implants that are already a part of the semiconductor device process flow and made on open real estate regions on floor-plans of the existing device designs. With clever placement, the DRPs can be hidden either in the periphery areas, in-between regular circuits, or disguised within standard logic cells.

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James Lewis
OSD10-A04      Awarded:3/9/2011
Title:Anti-Reverse Engineering (RE) Techniques
Abstract:LIT proposes developing a processor socket that detects system configuration attributes and protects the system from interposers, probing, and other dynamic reverse engineering techniques. The LIT AT Processor Socket (ATPS) would utilize circuitry between the microprocessor socket connector and the motherboard (or Circuit Card Assembly, CCA) to ensure that the system is secure. The circuitry will be designed into a unit that is incorporated into the socket or incorporated into the Circuit Card Assembly (or motherboard). The ATPS circuitry will utilize LIT Phantom Sensor technology to verify that the motherboard/CCA system is in the appropriate configuration before allowing processing. LIT will work with Pikewerks Corporation to provide a tightly coupled hardware/software solution. LIT’s Phantom Sensor technology is a revolutionary application of a basic principle. Phantom Sensors allow a system to measure its own complex impedance to determine if it has been, or is being, modified. LIT proposes developing the capabilities of LIT Phantom Sensor technology for characterizing the socket and the interface between the CCA and processor in order to determine if the system has been tampered with or altered.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(318) 237-3211
Heath Berry
OSD10-A04      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Anti-Reverse Engineering (RE) Techniques
Abstract:Billions of dollars have been invested by the United States to acquire the most technologically advanced military hardware in history, and thereby provide battlefield advantages to military personnel. Protection of our sophisticated weapons systems and their components is critical for the continued maintenance of our technological advantages. Detecting and counteracting the newest methods of reverse engineering is vital to the protection of U.S. technology from compromise. Implementing software countermeasures alone is insufficient, especially when protecting and authenticating multiple components at the system level. Sensors covertly applied to individual components provide a solution. This project is to develop a loaded nanoparticle dielectric sensor to detect, respond to, and provide a unique signature of reverse engineering attempts through capacitive and fluorescent monitoring. Phase I of this project includes the design and demonstration of a nanoengineered sensor to detect interrogation attempts though changes in capacitance and fluorescence, generate local voltages, and provide a unique, covert, and physically unclonable signature. Phase II includes the investigation of the sensor’s ability to classify attacks and the optimization of system performance.

Solid-State Research, Inc.
47 Fairview Road
Weston, MA 02493
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 297-2794
Demetrios Papageorgiou
OSD10-A04      Awarded:3/7/2011
Title:Anti-Reverse Engineering (RE) Techniques
Abstract:The use of a few simple MEMS devices can protect a circuit against reverse engineering. These devices are presented in this proposal.

Colorado Engineering Inc.
1310 United Heights Suite 105
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Larry Scally
OSD10-A05      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Tamper Resistant UAV/UGV Embedded Architecture
Abstract:Colorado Engineering, Inc. (CEI) proposes to combine its extensive expertise with embedded hardware and software design with anti-tamper (AT) technology to develop a tamper resistant, heterogeneous, scalable, morphable, reconfigurable/programmable, modular, multiprocessor, embedded computer architecture consisting of a microprocessor, a digital signal processor (DSP), a field programmable gate array (FPGA), and a graphics processing unit (GPU) with integrated power management. The system will also provide flexible data acquisition and network interface modules including analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), digital-to-analog converters (DACs), 1Gb and 10Gb Ethernet, and Infiniband. The proposed effort is based upon its existing Reconfigurable Advanced Rapid- prototype Environment (RARE) technology and will result in a tamper-resistant embedded processing system ideal for realizing computationally demanding embedded processing solutions within the tight cost, size, weight, and power (C-SWaP) budgets often dictated by Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) applications.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 435-8920
John Leon
OSD10-A05      Awarded:3/16/2011
Title:Tamper Resistant UAV/UGV Embedded Architecture
Abstract:Irvine Sensors Corporation (ISC) together with a prime contractor plan to develop an innovative anti-tamper technique for protection of processors and memories found in UAV, UGV, and embedded type systems. Our technique utilizes low power principals designed to have limited power consumption with the aircrafts overall power budget while maintaining tamper resistance. Areas of the technique proposed are reconfigurable to meet the mission and components requirements of the aircraft and its mission. Protection techniques include removal of critical technologies found with in the UAV’s main electronic components when a tamper is detected. We proposed a model based designed in Phase I with results to be applied to a prototype version. The prototype version will be implemented on a modified version of the UAV Towhawk™ for independent analysis and verification in Phase II.

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James Lewis
OSD10-A05      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Tamper Resistant UAV/UGV Embedded Architecture
Abstract:Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc. (LIT) proposes developing a feature-rich Tamper Resistant Embedded Processing System that combines an efficient, well-designed, processing platform with a layered AT approach. The processing system will be designed with AT emphasis and will capitalize on the AT expertise of a strong team. The LIT Embedded AT Processing System concept includes multiprocessor options and expandability as well as a wide range of AT options. The LIT team will design a solution that incorporates a wide range of AT technologies developed with input and scrutiny from a number of experienced AT providers with broad technical expertise. The LIT design will utilize a wide range of AT technologies and provide a number of processing and AT options. The LIT approach strives to provide as many AT solutions as possible in order to make a secure processing solution available to a wide range of customers. The LIT Embedded AT Processing design is focused on two primary concepts: (1) a comprehensive AT solution coupled with (2) a complete processing solution. The processing system and AT system are interrelated to maximize the effectiveness of the system protection and the performance of the processing system.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Alexandra Poetter
OSD10-A05      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Tamper Resistant UAV/UGV Embedded Architecture
Abstract:Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes to develop a tamper resistant, multiprocessor, embedded computer system architecture consisting of a microprocessor, a digital signal processor (DSP), a field programmable gate array (FPGA), and a graphics processing unit (GPU). During Phase I, Luna will define the components and communications interfaces of the embedded architecture along with tamper protection solutions. A prime will provide guidance to help define UAV size, weight, and power (SWaP) requirements as well as interface specifications. The prime will also provide guidance for the model based design methodology and commercialization of Luna’s embedded architecture. Phase I will prove the software and communications tamper protections through a proof-of-concept prototype demonstration. During Phase II, Luna will work with a prime to develop and simulate an UAV navigation system using model based design. A prototype of the embedded architecture containing four discrete processors will also be developed, simulated, and tested in hardware. Phase II will provide an operational proof-of-concept for the embedded architecture. During Phase III, Luna will look for transitional and external sources of funding to create a deployable multiprocessor embedded architecture consisting of silicon integrated circuit board (SiCB) technology where bare die devices are placed on a large silicon substrate.

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Alison K. Brown
OSD10-A05      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:Tamper Resistant UAV/UGV Embedded Architecture
Abstract:Under this SBIR NAVSYS proposes to develop a Tamper-Resistant Embedded Configurable Computer System (T-RECCS) suitable for use in small unmanned vehicles to handle their onboard processing requirements. The proposed architecture will utilize a combination of commercial off-the-shelf processing resources, including General Purpose Processors, Digital Signal Processors, Graphics Processor Units and Field Programmable Gate Arrays to serve as a basic computer building block for computation intensive embedded computing systems. The use of state of the art commercial components should result in significant power savings. We propose to implement an active tamper protection approach within this architecture that will protect sensitive information required for the mission from compromise should the unmanned vehicle be captured. Under the Phase I effort we shall develop the system architecture and identify suitable components for integration into the T-RECCS modular architecture. To demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed tamper resistant multiprocessor architecture, a model based design approach will be developed and benchmarks of sample applications needed to execute target detection and tracking, and guidance, navigation and control of the unmanned vehicles in support of their mission will be used to assess the processing resources needed for implementing a prototype system under the Phase II effort.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0783
Jorge Sanchez
OSD10-A07      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:Incorporation of trust into integrated circuit (IC) and field programmable gate array (FPGA) design
Abstract:As designs continue to progress in complexity, integration of third party assets has become a standard practice in hardware designs. Third party design integration, while reducing the complexity of the design process, always introduces risk in terms of the access to the internal components. These introduced elements are sometimes enclosed in a black-box, where system integrators cannot peek. Through the application of the VT-IP solution, we provide a framework for allowing more visibility and control over the functionality of integrated designs into FPGA hardware. The solution also provides a methodology for protecting critical device elements from adverse behavior in a third party design. The resulting capabilities will result in a marked increase in trust for FPGA integrators.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
John Hallman
OSD10-A07      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Trusted Circuits Platform with Trusted Assertion Monitors
Abstract:In the modern process of integrated circuit (IC) development, the actual design and fabrication of an IC typically is distributed between a number of different companies and/ or individuals. This requires a degree of trust between the designers and the fabricators. Ultimately, the original designer wants to be able to assure that the final device performs only those functions for which it was designed and no others. As an expert in the area of IC Trust, Luna has developed an innovative in-circuit system to allow a designer to establish a level of Trust in integrated circuits. The designer will have the ability to create a custom set of hardwares checkers for their design. During this SBIR program, Luna will leverage this system to improve security monitoring and integration with existing technology.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8400
Jonathan Graf
OSD10-A08      Awarded:3/3/2011
Title:Trust in Fabrication
Abstract:The necessity of Trust has been pressed upon the United States Department of Defense as a consequence of the globalization of microelectronics development and manufacturing. Many of the microelectronic devices used in DOD systems and much of the software used in the design of such systems are either manufactured overseas or otherwise have foreign influence on their development. Even when devices are designed in the US, they are commonly fabricated overseas. The urgent question is thus raised: how does the DOD trust the increasingly more complex microelectronic devices fielded in critical systems? Given the massive scale of the global shift to non-U.S. microelectronics fabrication, it is prohibitively expensive for DOD to solve this trend exclusively through the use of Trusted Foundries and U.S.-only design and manufacturing facilities. Luna Innovations Incorporated has an arsenal of proven tools that provide trust in the development tools and manufacturing chain of FPGA devices. In this project, Luna will extend those capabilities to robustly support trust evaluation of Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) created by untrusted fabrication facilities. Luna has been involved in Trust research for seven years as a prime contractor on both Trust-related SBIRs as well as the ongoing DARPA Trust BAA.

Space Photonics, Inc.
700 Research Center Blvd.
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 477-3929
Jason Sattler
OSD10-A08      Awarded:3/3/2011
Title:XADUR - IP in untrusted fab environments
Abstract:Space Photonics plans on using state of the art failure analysis tools to detect the differneces between the netlist sent to the untrusted foundry and the IC under evaluation. In subsequent versions, SPI plans to identify extranious features and label them for the user

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Rick Hreha
OSD10-A09      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Photo-Responsive Conductive Materials for Anti-Tamper Sensors
Abstract:The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is seeking solutions in the development of zero power or near zero power sensor technologies to detect tamper events in sensitive systems and electronics. Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG) has demonstrated feasibility, under a previous project, of a photo-responsive, variable-conductivity material that utilizes a unique mechanism separate from classic photoconductive and photoresistive materials. This material is capable of rapid, reversible changes in resistivity dependant upon light exposure conditions, and with further development, will maintain the change in resistivity in a stable state in the absence of further irradiation. CRG is proposing the development of this material to be integrated as a zero-power sensor for detecting incident light in closed systems.

Five Stones Research Corporation
5767 Cove Commons Drive Suite 103
Hampton Cove, AL 35741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 541-9639
K. Lance Kelly
OSD10-A09      Awarded:3/7/2011
Title:Near-Field Transducing Plasmonic Detector (NTRAP)
Abstract:An innovative approach is required for making a useful advance in the field of low power tampering detection and reverse engineering technologies. Our team's proposal is to investigate and test such an approach, utilizing near-field transduction and plasmonic components. Advantages of this approach include being low power, optional optical sensitivity, and small size.

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
P. O. 624 534 Lawrence Street
Moulton, AL 35650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James Lewis
OSD10-A09      Awarded:2/2/2011
Title:Zero Power/Ultra Low Power Tamper Detection Sensors
Abstract:LIT proposes development of Ultra Low Power Tamper Detection Technology to allow for the detection of probing and tamper events while consuming a minimal level of power. LIT’s novel tamper sensor technology produces a sensor which remains sensitive to tamper events without interruption, while requiring a minimal level of power. The LIT Ultra Low Power Sensor provides tamper detection while a system is in an unpowered state, as during product shipment.

NexGenSemi Corporation
27130A Paseo Espada, Suite 1405
San Juan Capistrano, CA 92675
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 812-8953
Mark Bennahmias
OSD10-A09      Awarded:2/15/2011
Title:Traps with Annular Geometries for Identifying Tampering (TAGIT)
Abstract:NexGenSemi Corporation (NGSC) is proposing to OSD to develop novel Traps with Annular Geometries for Identifying Tampering (TAGIT) detection scheme. The sensor system is comprised of both an on-chip passive device that produces variation in preset charge distributions resulting from increased free carrier mobility and recombination processes induced by interactions with energetic photons, charged particles, and thermal excitations introduced during reverse engineering efforts or malicious wafer modifications after initial fabrication

Starfire Industries, LLC
2109 South Oak Street
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 390-2784
Robert Stubbers
OSD10-A09      Awarded:2/7/2011
Title:Zero Power/Ultra Low Power Tamper Detection Sensors
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project will investigate no-power sensors to enable self-protection mechanisms to prevent an adversary from accessing or reverse engineering sensitive military electronics containing critical program information (CPI). Due to the wide number of threat channels and intrusion modalities, innovative approaches on anti-tamper (AT) sensor technology are needed to counter a capable adversary with a strong reverse-engineering technology base. One area of focus highlighted by DoD is the development of zero-power/ultra-low-power tampering/reverse-engineering sensor technologies for use at the printed circuit board level, or integrated circuit level. Here the motivation is to detect intrusion prior to product teardown where an adversary can perform system level analyses and extract CPI. Since military hardware will typically be enclosed in a tamper-proof container or encapsulation, an adversary will need to develop a ‘depot’ strategy to extract the circuit board and/or on-board CPI components while avoiding or negating AT hardware at the packaging level. This is typically accomplished with a non-destructive, non- invasive scan of the hardware using x-ray analysis. New non-destructive imaging techniques are emerging that can defeat x-ray AT mechanisms. This Phase I proposal is aimed at developing new AT techniques to counter these threats.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 451-4994
Brian O'Keefe
OSD10-C10      Awarded:3/25/2011
Title:Real-time Cognitive Readiness Assessment Tool
Abstract:Traditional well-defined battle lines and clear means of identification are gone. Today’s operating environment is far more complex, with a dispersed enemy, mixed with civilians and non-combatants, and targets located in areas where there are concerns over collateral damage. Agility allows the total force to adapt rapidly to changing requirements through the use of competent individuals and organizational capabilities. Enhanced cognitive readiness provides for the establishment and sustainment of highly competent manpower in the complex and unpredictable environment of modern military operations. Infoscitex (IST) is pleased to propose its Cognitive REadiness ASsessment Engine (CREASE). CREASE addresses the requirements for enhanced cognitive readiness for the Warfighter by presenting them with markedly enhanced mission risk assessment information in real-time.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
OSD10-C10      Awarded:3/4/2011
Title:An Integrated, Extensible and Real-time Cognitive Readiness Assessment Tool for Mission Planning
Abstract:Cognitive readiness assessment for “quick-strike” missions in hostile areas plays a crucial role for troop deployment in remote areas. All information related to soldiers’ skills, knowledge, abilities, motivations, personal dispositions, and the environment where to conduct the mission will be useful to prepare them mentally. To address this need, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), along with our collaborators Mr. Alec Barker and General Dynamics, propose to develop an Integrated, Extensible and Real-time Cognitive Readiness Assessment Tool for Mission Planning (IECRATMP). Our proposed system consists of four software components in three layers. The bottom layer is called information source layer, consisting of the software component to integrate cognitive readiness data/model sources. This component has two subcomponents: data extraction and model incorporation. The middle layer is called model and process layer, consisting of the software components of integrated data and model fusion and GIS integration. The component of integrated data/model fusion adopts a unified data mining and fusion abstraction model with model composition. The component of GIS integration incorporates location and map information into the life cycle cognitive readiness assessment process for mission planning. The top layer is called web presentation layer, consisting of the software component of GIS and AJAX powered GUI.

Pacific Science & Engineering Group, Inc.
9180 Brown Deer Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
David Kobus
OSD10-C10      Awarded:3/25/2011
Title:Real-time Cognitive Readiness Assessment Tool
Abstract:The primary objective of this proposal is to develop a real-time decision support toolkit to provide mission planners a transparent method for using and interpreting empirical research findings. Such a tool would assist planners in making better educated decisions regarding how various environmental and mission factors impact cognitive readiness. The overall goal is to provide a method to better predict, and thus optimize individual performance, improving overall combat effectiveness and individual survivability. Pacific Science & Engineering (PSE) has significant experience in integrating scientific literature into a mission planning tool for use by the military. Currently, PSE is developing (ONR project) a system for predicting physical performance under various environmental conditions based upon mission requirements. Leveraging this work would allow rapid inclusion of a cognitive readiness component in to this system. A tool with both cognitive readiness and physical performance prediction based upon mission requirements and environmental factors could then be developed.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu T. Nguyen
OSD10-C10      Awarded:3/17/2011
Title:RECREATE: REal-time Cognitive REadiness Assessment Tools
Abstract:Technological advances have significantly increased the complexity and speed of most operational environments resulting in escalating pressure on warfighters and an even greater need for constant optimization of team behaviors. There is an acute need for improved technologies to fuse disparate situational intelligence data and assess warfighters’ Cognitive Readiness (CR) levels in context of operational goals. The ability to perform these assessments in real-time would substantially improve commanders’ overall situational awareness and provide a significant tool to assist deployed forces in maintaining optimal CR levels and collaboration capabilities. To this end, UtopiaCompression (UC) is proposing an integrated sensor and data analysis solution which contains a suite of innovative and substantial intelligent analysis tools and is capable of quickly, accurately, and reliably estimating CR levels of individuals/teams through sensing and fusing a number of non- invasive external cues. The major advantages of UC’s proposed technology include: 1) A set of innovative data analysis algorithms; 2) A flexible and extensible probabilistic multi-modality fusion model capable of optimally/robustly estimating CR levels based on available resources and expanding to handle any number and type of external cues; 3) The proposed system can also naturally integrate domain expert assessment and be applied in both static/dynamic environments.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 306-7760
Camilla Knott
OSD10-CR1      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Tool for Rapid Assessment of Cognitive Readiness in Teams (TRACR-T)
Abstract:In today’s collaborative environment, mission success depends on the skills and readiness of each team member. But independently capable individuals are not necessarily ready to function optimally in a team setting. Consequently, assessment of team cognitive readiness requires more than measuring cognitive processing of individuals and then aggregating to the team level. To effectively assess team cognitive readiness for a specific mission, Aptima proposes to develop Tool for Rapid Assessment of Cognitive Readiness in Teams (TRACR-T). TRACR-T will collect and aggregate instantaneous state measures (e.g., performance, behavioral, neuro/physiological) at the individual and team levels and integrate those measures with historical information about the team, from the team (e.g., communications, accuracy, reaction time), and from each member (e.g., workload, stress, anxiety, learning) to assess cognitive readiness. TRACR-T will then utilize a machine learning model to estimate cognitive readiness of a team and individual team members for a specific mission and report a list of missions that the team can execute well given their current state. TRACR-T will provide timely assessments of cognitive readiness using the most relevant measurement tools to minimize the technical footprint required for the assessment of teams and individuals in an operational environment.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Kelly Hale
OSD10-CR1      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Detection and Evaluation of Team Coordination and Team Readiness (DETECT-R)
Abstract:Recent work in neuroscience has utilized physiological indicators to predict team cognitive readiness by evaluating synchrony in the cognitive activity of operators during team tasks. However, since the nature of most modern teams is such that team members are distributed and each operator predominantly focuses on his individual responsibilities, while information is passed between team members on an as-needed basis, these indicators are only applicable in team tasks where the individual-level cognitive building blocks are similar to their manifestation at the team level (i.e., isomorphic). In order to gauge emergence of team synergy effects and nonisomorphic team cognitive readiness, the herein-proposed System for Detection and Evaluation of Team Coordination and Team Readiness (DETECT-R) will evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency at team coordination points by analyzing neural, cognitive and behavioral indicators of transactive memory, a form of cognition that encompasses a collective awareness of who knows what, and the cognitive effort of maintaining a Shared Mental Model. Specifially, a sensor suite comprised of eye tracking and EEG sensors will be used to gather implicit readiness indicators that will be combined with explicit measures collected from users and the system to detect team cognitive readiness problems and identify their root cause.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5244
Guangfan Zhang
OSD10-CR1      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Rapid Team Cognitive Readiness Assessment System based on Dynamic Bayesian Networks and Neurocognitive Measures
Abstract:Current and future combat operations more and more rely on team coordination. Commanders need a method to assess the cognitive readiness of their teams before and during a mission. To successfully accomplish a mission, the team, should be cognitively ready to adapt during the mission. Team cognitive readiness focuses on the mental preparation of teams, and can be measured by how well the team responds to novel unexpected events. Effective teams communicate appropriate content between their members, track teammates’ performance and workload for each team member and assist and support each other when feasible. In this way, team performance is much more than the aggregate of its members. We propose to develop a team cognitive readiness assessment system based on a set of neurocognitive measures and a Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs)-based toolset , which utilizes a DBNs method to account for the temporal evolution of team cognitive readiness and correlations among team members, and discover and quantify strong correlations between different measures and team cognitive readiness in real time. To determine these correlations, we will create a team readiness testbed by adapting a team training environment specially created to vary individual and team cognitive readiness in a controlled military setting.

SANDIA RESEARCH CORPORATION
5810 S. SOSSAMAN RD. SUITE 108
MESA, AZ 85212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 988-1000
Steven Shope
OSD10-CR1      Awarded:1/6/2011
Title:Rapid Assessment of Team Cognitive Readiness
Abstract:Defense transformation and network-centric operations have created the need for highly- agile, networked teams of individuals who are responsive to the changing demands of their task environment. Lack of preparedness for new stimulation when teams process novel or uncertain task demands is the team refractory period, a measure of team cognitive readiness. Team cognitive readiness is a multilevel construct, with dynamic interconnections across neural, behavioral, and cognitive levels of analysis. There exists a challenge for measuring team cognitive readiness and developing feedback for supervisory entities (man or machine) to increase team effectiveness and responsiveness to new stimulation. In Phase I we will use principles and methods of nonlinear dynamics to capture the complexity of team cognitive readiness across neural and cognitive levels of analysis. Our dynamical solutions formulate prediction models that drive a suite of team cognitive readiness gauges in real time. The feasibility of discriminating between teams with low cognitive readiness who are processing novel, uncertain events vs. teams who are processing nominal events will be demonstrated in Phase I. We will develop a prototype gauge cluster to provide team cognitive readiness feedback at neural and cognitive levels of analysis on individuals and the team as a whole.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2437
Webb Stacy
OSD10-CR2      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Neurocognitive Patterns
Abstract:Modern military operations are increasingly complex and increasingly electronic, and this often has the effect of increasing operator workload; the systems have incorporated many technological developments, but they have not kept up with our increasing understanding of the cognitive capabilities of the operators themselves. Though there is a recently renewed, increased interest in establishing a system’s usability and utility during development in order to mitigate the increasing technology-workload mismatch, there are more dramatic possibilities for improvement. Neurocognitive Patterns one such possibility. It is a system that will combine neural signals, user behavior, and contextual knowledge to determine when a user has a goal, and what that goal is. It will plan ways to accomplish the goal, present them to the user, and execute the plan that the user chooses. Users will wear equipment to collect neural signals but will otherwise engage with their workstations in the normal manner.

Equinox Corporation
9 West 57th Street, Suite 1650
New York, NY 10019
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(212) 421-2999
David H. Goldberg
OSD10-CR2      Awarded:1/20/2011
Title:Neuro Cognitive Control of Human Machine Systems
Abstract:Augmented vision systems for dismounted warfighters provide an integrated array of imaging sensors working in concert and in synergy with network-centric sources of information and other sensor inputs. While such systems hold great promise, they also impose a steep cognitive load on the user, as the time and attention required to control the system diminishes the user's ability to perform the mission at hand. We propose incorporating a neurocognitive interface into a state-of-the-art augmented vision system. Such an enhancement will give the user to seamless control of the system, making it a natural extension of their senses. This interface can also potentially make use of the user's subconscious brain activity to detect, classify, and track potential targets, taking advantage of the brain's extensive capabilities without distracting the user. In Phase I of the proposed work, we will define the requirements for such a system and formulate a plan for the development of a prototype.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Bin Zhang
OSD10-CR2      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:A Fast and Robust Noninvasive Brain-Computer Interface for Online Field Systems Control
Abstract:Impact Technologies, LLC, in partnership with Brandeis University, proposes to develop a brain-computer interface (BCI) that enables real-time control of autonomous devices in battlefield environments by extracting high-level commands from noninvasive EEG signals from operators. In addition to the standard processes such as artifact removal, feature extraction/selection, and pattern classification, a novel 3-level hierarchical structure featuring supervised offline training, unsupervised online learning, and environment-in-the- loop is proposed. Particularly, an initial BCI will be built with reduced training effort by the offline supervised training module. The performance of the BCI will then be progressively improved by the online reinforcement learning and Bayesian inference functions to accommodate the changes of mental state and environment. The prototype system is based on a good mixture of mature technologies and innovations. Existing in-house facilities will be drawn upon to develop compelling use-case scenarios. The Phase I activities will focus on defining the requirements for the proposed BCI, early design of algorithms, and tuning of the system. In the following phases, Impact will work closely with Brandeis and OEM partners to develop a technology transition plan for military and commercial applications.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2312
Alexandra Geyer
OSD10-CR3      Awarded:4/6/2011
Title:Training and Improving Warfighter Intuition using Immersive Scenarios
Abstract:Across the services, military missions continue to pose complex cognitive and perceptual challenges such as detecting improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or anomalous civilian behaviors. These challenges do not allow time for deliberation and evaluation; in fact, the ability to make quick and accurate decisions in these situations is often cited by Warfighters as key to survival. This ability is called intuition. While it has been recognized that intuitive decision making is essential for battlefield success, there are no existing training applications for improving such skills in Warfighters. There are, however, key insights from the educational and neuroscience literature that suggest how to approach the task of training intuition. Accordingly, Aptima proposes to develop immersive scenario-based training that will improve Warfighter intuition skills by (1) presenting Warfighters with necessary opportunities to discover the underlying principles of the problem/challenge, as well as (2) providing Warfighters with strategically-scheduled feedback on relevant contextual and environmental cues that influence expert intuition. This training will enable novices to (1) comprehend and store underlying principles the way experts do, more quickly and efficiently, (2) reduce their dependence on the surface features and rule-based problem solving, and (3) improve their intuition so that it leads to correct solutions.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
James Niehaus
OSD10-CR3      Awarded:4/6/2011
Title:Scenario Trainer for Intuition (ASCERTAIN)
Abstract:Warfighter cognitive readiness has grown increasingly important as the emphasis of military operations shifts towards asymmetric and unpredictable irregular warfare and changing military doctrine provides the Warfighter with greater autonomy. In modern operations, Warfighters must make decisions under heavy time constraints and with partial or incomplete information, using intuitive decision making. The relation between effective intuitive decision making and experience suggests that intuition can be improved through scenario based training, an experiential and interactive form of training, in virtual environments. However, to train intuition, 1) the virtual environment must promote a sense of presence—trainees must feel that they are actually in the situation—and 2) trainers must be able to assess and diagnose errors in trainee intuition. To meet these needs, we propose to design and develop the feasibility of A Scenario Trainer for Intuition (ASCERTAIN). ASCERTAIN is an extensible, immersive scenario based training environment that employs neurocognitive assessment for intuitive decision making training. Our approach builds on our existing scenario based training tools, already demonstrated in high-profile events, incorporating drama management to improve presence and facilitate scenario execution and incorporating neurocognitive assessment to assess and diagnose trainee intuition.

Pacific Science & Engineering Group, Inc.
9180 Brown Deer Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
Erica Palmer
OSD10-CR3      Awarded:4/5/2011
Title:Immersive Scenario Based Training Environments for Intuitive Decision Making
Abstract:The Primed Intuition Training (Prime-IT) program combines cognitive and training science with critical domain knowledge, incorporating advances in immersive training and neurocognitive measurement, to develop the foundation for sound, intuitive decision-making. At the heart of Prime-IT are principles of scenario-based training in synthetic learning environments that provide the framework for a continuum that guides the trainee through acquisition of declarative knowledge and its application to complex operational environments. A major objective for Phase I is to identify and explore key issues in training that must be addressed: from declarative knowledge content to feasible and meaningful neurocognitive and physiological metrics. A second major objective is to develop a basic training prototype that will demonstrate how these considerations can be incorporated within the Prime-IT framework. The prototype will focus on training and neurocognitive/physiological measurement of intuitive decision-making in a specific operational task. Sample scenarios will be developed in a computer-based virtual simulation. Furthermore, this prototype will be adaptable to a wide range of operational tasks and a variety of immersive environments. The declarative knowledge component of Prime-IT ensures detection of environmental cues and indicators that are the input for intuitive decision-making and promotes an awareness of cognitive biases that impact intuitive decisions.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2417
Kara Orvis
OSD10-CR4      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:ADS FORCE: Assessment and Development Strategies FOr team Rapid Cognitive Effectiveness
Abstract:In modern warfare, the knowledge and skills of several individuals must interact with one another for successful mission execution. Therefore, military combat operations emphasize the use of teams, who are often expected to rapidly deploy together. Such teams must quickly become highly functioning, as characterized by high levels of team cognitive readiness and process. To address the need for newly formed teams to rapidly become cognitively ready and effective, the Aptima team proposes to develop the Assessment and Development Strategies FOr Rapid team Cognitive Effectiveness (ADS FORCE) system. This system contains both assessment and training strategies to help teams enhance their levels of cognitive readiness and team process at various points in development. Once complete, ADS FORCE will contain three stages, with one stage building upon the previous. Stage 1 will involve assessing newly formed teams while in a virtual world environment. Automated measurement approaches allow for the delivery of training strategies to the team leader that match the assessment data. Stage 2 will contain another round of automated assessment, to be followed by training suggestions for pre-deployment training. Finally, Stage 3 will contain assessment and training information for the team leader to use while in the field.

SA Technologies, Inc.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 737-8909
Haydee Cuevas
OSD10-CR4      Awarded:1/24/2011
Title:Cognitive Readiness Trainer (CR Trainer) for Promoting Team Effectiveness
Abstract:The main objective of this SBIR research project is to design and develop the Cognitive Readiness Trainer (CR-Trainer), conceptualized as an integrated training and assessment system that can be used to aid in the rapid formation of cognitively ready, highly effective, and cohesive teams. Our approach for achieving this objective will involve developing an empirically-derived theoretical model of team cognitive readiness that can guide the specification of high priority candidate factors for measurement. Valid measures are then used to identify targeted training objectives. In turn, these training objectives will guide the specification and creation of training and mitigation strategies to address areas targeted for improvement. Finally, a report generator function will enable team leaders to quickly gauge and monitor the cognitive readiness of team members.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Dan Fu
OSD10-CR4      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:A Game-Based Training Battery for Cognitively Ready Teams
Abstract:We propose to investigate the development of a training battery that will improve cognitive readiness for rapidly formed teams. We will define metrics to assess cognitive readiness, devise games that will engage trainees, and research one or more suitable military scenarios.

Tanagram Partners
125 North Halsted Suite 400
Chicago, IL 60661
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 576-1091
Joseph Juhnke
OSD10-CR4      Awarded:1/7/2011
Title:Training Battery for the Rapid Formation of Cognitively Ready, Effective Teams
Abstract:This proposal outlines a method to aid in the rapid formation of cognitively ready, effective teams. It addresses key problems that exist in other training approaches, integrates and cost shares with another current OSD SBIR topic, and is directly informed by real-world situations that the soldiers will face. Real-time captured intelligence can be accessed through our Intelligent Augmented Reality Model (iARM). iARM has been concepted as an integrated digital system designed to improve decision making of military personnel in contested environments. It is composed of an integrated operating system, a data services model, and a digitally enhanced head mounted display (HMD). We propose the use of a modified version of iARM to capture scenarios. This method will inspire user acceptance in the way we present trainees with real- world terrain models and Situational Awareness elements. The resulting simulations will be created with fixed and focused training measures guided by SBT methodologies. During Phase1 we will assess how team cognitive readiness is currently covered in the training regimen, set SBT training objectives and metrics, outfit a team with head-mounted devices during training exercises, and use that as the source material for creating an immersive scenario guided by SBT methodology.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5247
John Leddo
OSD10-CR5      Awarded:2/9/2011
Title:Integrated Assessment for Strategic and Situational Cognitive Readiness
Abstract:In today’s rapidly changing battlefield, individuals can be assessed for their cognitive readiness to execute a mission. We divide cognitive readiness into strategic cognitive readiness, which involves the knowledge and skills to perform a mission, and situational cognitive readiness, which involves being physically and mentally prepared to perform as effectively as the individual has been trained. For example, warfighters who are sleep- deprived or overly stressed will not perform as well as they are capable. The Army’s ACRA test of cognitive readiness focuses on tests of mental agility. Different tests exercise specific kinds of mental processing requirements, and tests can be selected based on the expected processing needs of Soldiers in an upcoming mission. This project improves ACRA. To test knowledge required for a mission, the proposed project tests individuals’ knowledge. To test situational cognitive readiness, we will add physiological measures. To guide the selection of tests that should be used for an upcoming mission, we will develop a framework by which selection of tests and scoring of tests is automated. Finally, the situational test battery will be deployed on a handheld device, and communicate results to a central repository for organizational use.

NTI, Inc.
927 Fred Johnston Drive
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 879-0612
Robert D. O'Donnell
OSD10-CR5      Awarded:12/13/2010
Title:Enhancement of the ACRA Cognitive Assessment System
Abstract:The ACRA test battery has proven successful in several applications. However, new approaches to cognitive testing emphasize instruments that are targeted to the unique demands of specific jobs and missions. Further, the results of such approaches must allow operational planners to use them as diagnostic, predictive, and remedial tools to enhance or augment individual cognitive performance. In this effort, NTI, Inc. will enhance the existing ACRA battery by converting it into a flexible, user-friendly test system, and will significantly expand its operational applicability. This will be accomplished, first, by designing the installation of upgraded software into a portable, hand-held hardware system incorporating pre-analyses that will provide easier interpretation to the user and command personnel. Secondly, the entire system will be integrated within the proprietary Person-System-Mission (PSM) model that translates the individual’s scores on tests into estimates of their impact on specified military missions, and provides diagnostic and remedial clues regarding any observed decrement. Finally, the possibility of adding physiological measures to ACRA will be studied intensively, and the final design will accommodate a variety of physiological inputs. Results of Phase I will provide a well-defined architecture for Phase II development of the advanced and expanded system.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 306-7760
Camilla Knott
OSD10-CR6      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:System for Workload Evaluation in Distributed Teams (SWEDT)
Abstract:Extensive research on individual workload exists, and we know much about how to measure and assess individual workload. However, no satisfactory model of workload or approach to assessing workload exists for teams. Furthermore, no approach to assessing team workload represents the dynamic, multidimensional characteristics of the team environment; especially when individual members are distributed. Aptima, therefore, proposes to develop a System for Workload Evaluation of Distributed Teams (SWEDT) a multivariate measurement approach to assessing workload in distributed and collocated teams. SWEDT will collect and aggregate a multivariate set of measures (e.g., physiological, behavioral, self-report, communications) at the individual and team levels, and integrate those data with contextual information about the mission, tasking, and health of the communications network to assess a team’s workload. SWEDT will utilize operational definitions of team workload and team workload assessment to develop a conceptual model of team workload to serve as the basis for the development of multivariate measures of team and individual workload. SWEDT will leverage existing measurement and assessment technologies to gather data from distributed team members and compute assessments of team and individual workload at critical points throughout a mission exercise.

HF Designworks, inc.
PO Box 19911
Boulder, CO 80308
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 415-9518
Scott Scheff
OSD10-CR6      Awarded:1/11/2011
Title:Distributed Team Workload Assessment Tool
Abstract:Complex tasks found in current military environments often require multiple individuals working from distributed locations. Individuals must complete their own tasks while communicating with team members to develop shared understandings of situations and allocations of responsibilities. These situations can result in high mental workload that cannot be effectively managed by one individual. Because team members in modern environments do not always work within close proximity, new challenges are encountered when teams work on a common task. A collective awareness of a situation and tasks is critical to team effectiveness; each team member’s role often depends on other members. Each team member’s mental workload and the distributed workload of the team are important measures of a team’s effectiveness and likelihood of success with workload being a critical construct because of its associations with objective performance. Low workload can result in boredom and failure to maintain situation awareness. Excessive workload can result in task shedding and performance decrements. Tools that evaluate workload for individuals exist, however there are no tools that effectively evaluate team workload. This proposal seeks to identify methods for developing a tool capable of assessing the workload of a distributed team as they strive to complete a shared task.

SA Technologies
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 636-8312
Sandro Scielzo
OSD10-CR6      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Subjective Multidimensional Workload Index for Distributed Teams: Development Program for the Team Subjective Assessment of Workload (T-SAW)
Abstract:Currently, there is a severe lack of subjective workload measures developed specifically to address the characteristics of distributed ad-hoc teams. The significance of the problem is considerable, given the fact that many organizations (e.g., industry, military, and academia) continue to rely more and more on distributed teams and collaborative technology to accomplish tasks and goals. In response to this growing need, SA Technologies proposes to develop the first fully validated, domain-independent, diagnostic, and prescriptive subjective workload measure, which will be sensitive to different team configurations, from intact co-located teams, to ad-hoc distributed teams in any domain. SA Technologies will leverage its vast experience in the field and conduct a review of the current methods of appraising subjective workload in order to identify the common theoretical and practical limitations that need to be expanded upon and integrated into a coherent theoretical framework that will provide the basis for the development of a subjective workload measure for teams. Finally, SA Technologies will take a programmatic approach to empirically testing the measure with human subjects, via a distributed team testbed, in order to establish external validity by demonstrating scale sensitivity to various measures of effectiveness and measures of performance, thus establishing prescriptive value.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Randy Jensen
OSD10-CR6      Awarded:2/2/2011
Title:Modular Tool and Architecture for Distributed Team Workload Assessment
Abstract:Although team workload is a significant factor in assessments of team performance, there has been little work to isolate this from other factors. We propose a research effort to ultimately define the requirements and corresponding architecture for a measurement tool that will facilitate the assessment of distributed team workload. We will develop a scientifically-grounded theoretical model of distributed team workload which will drive a systematic approach to structured measurement that combines subjective and objective inputs reflective of team performance. This will enable insight into potential aggregation and/or weighting methods and the interrelationships among variables impacting team workload. These insights will be incorporated into the design of a modular team workload assessment tool that can support different compositions for different domains, to exploit the subjective or objective data that may be available for collection. The modular tool architecture will include automated communications analysis and automated performance assessment technology components, as optional sources for supplementary objective data. Our interdisciplinary research team combines expertise in the theoretical aspects of team performance with applied experience developing technologies for performance assessment and networked tools. The Phase I measures, system design and concept demonstration will lay the groundwork for full implementation and validation in Phase II.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2456
Shawn Weil
OSD10-CR7      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:TeamInsight
Abstract:Assessing the cognitive readiness of teams in complex work environments is critical for understanding team performance and targeting training resources. Analysis of Team Mental Models (TMMs) provides crucial knowledge for performing cognitive readiness assessment. However, current approaches to constructing TMMs are rigid, require substantial manual coding, and do not scale to the dynamics of real-world work environments. Aptima’s TeamInsight software overcomes these limitations by providing more robust and flexible representations of TMMs and a data collection framework that fits seamlessly into complex work environments. TeamInsight processes data from multiple team-related sources such as communications and workstation interactions and incorporates explicit team member input. TeamInsight applies innovative machine learning algorithms to create TMM representations that uncover latent concepts and provide an optimal fit to team process and interaction data. TeamInsight’s end-to-end data collection, representation, and analysis framework will enhance the ability of commanders, leaders, and managers to quickly assess the overall cognitive readiness of individuals and teams through TMMs.

JXT Applications, Inc.
1195 Meadow Bridge Drive, Suite C
Beavercreek, OH 45434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 321-6372
David E. Weldon
OSD10-CR7      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Improving Team Readiness through the Convergence of Team Mental Models
Abstract:Cognitive readiness of individuals and teams is of increasing concern in network-centric warfare where teams play an increasingly vital role in networked military operations. Therefore, it is essential to expand the construct of cognitive readiness from individuals to team cognitive readiness through novel representations such as Team Mental Models (TMMs). In addition, there is interest in including tacit knowledge in the cognitive readiness construct to be incorporated in a TMM. This proposal asserts that tacit knowledge is largely the product of implicit learning and is the knowledge structure that is generated by this learning process. Using this theoretical approach, we propose to incorporate tacit knowledge into the appropriate dimensions of the cognitive readiness construct and assess and track it using a TMM conceptual design and innovative technologies available to the JXT Team. We propose to develop technologies to elicit tacit knowledge from team communication data, represent in our TMM conceptual design, develop techniques based on similarity indices to bring the TMM into alignment with team beliefs, and provide effective visualization techniques to foster intuitive understanding of the TMM. We call this tacit knowledge and cognitive readiness research program and prototype development ACRUT (Assessing Cognitive Readiness Using TMMs).

Pacific Science & Engineering Group, Inc.
9180 Brown Deer Road
9180 Brown Deer , CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
Harvey Smallman
OSD10-CR7      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Improving Team Readiness through the Convergence of Team Mental Models
Abstract:here is great current interest in improving the contact management of submarines operated in the littorals. Littoral contact management is challenging because the ambiguities inherent in contact localization make accurately reconstructing each contact a hard task. Littoral contact density is high, exacerbating the problem. Knowledge about contacts may become unhelpfully fragmented across the submarine team and there can be critical failures of the team mental model. PSE specializes in scientifically principled user interfaces and tool design for the support of challenging cognitive and collaborative tasks and has extensive recent experience in the submarine domain. In this proposal, PSE proposes to develop a Team Assessment Grid (TAG) to support submarine littoral contact management. The TAG supports the team mental model by making the contact management processes explicit and verifiable. TAG applies scientific concepts from cognitive and collaboration science paired with an on-line computational modeling approach feeding automated aids to team mental model divergence. The TAG will improve the cognitive readiness of contact management teams by improving task performance, shared situation awareness and convergence of the team mental model. The proposal lays out the steps necessary to design, develop a demonstrate a concept demonstration prototype of the TAG system.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 247-2636
Marvin Cohen
OSD10-CR7      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Multi-Agent Simulation and Causal Model (MSCM) System for Enhancing Team Cognitive Readiness
Abstract:This proposal id to develop a “Multi-Agent Simulation and Causal Model (MSCM) System for Enhancing Team Cognitive Readiness.” The MSCM system will include methods, metrics, visualizations, and interventions for optimizing team mental model effectiveness and convergence. The proposed work integrates cutting edge technology from several areas: Consensus Analysis for statistically rigorous measurement of coherence and identification of population subgroups, multi-agent simulation based on distributed constraint optimization problems with varying types of uncertainty; Bayesian decision models for diagnosing, modeling, and representing complex states (e.g., team mental models) and for evaluating interventions, graphical visualization for clustering, causal inference and prediction, and dimensions of uncertainty, and advanced survey and cognitive task analysis methods, to quickly identify knowledge, skill, and other performance components in a representative set of tasks. More specifically, the proposed MSCM system will incorporate three innovative functional elements; each includes a modeling component, a measurement component, and relevant visualization techniques; they are Team Cognitive Readiness Model (TCRM), Team Mental Model (TMM), and Multi-Agent Team Simulation (MATS). Phase I will combine elements the first two elements above to produce a complete first-pass MSCM System for team mental model evaluation, visualization, and improvement.

SA Technologies, Inc.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 636-8312
Laura Strater
OSD10-CR7      Awarded:1/4/2011
Title:Improving Team Cognitive Readiness through the Multi-Agent System for Targeting Team Mental Models (MAST-TMM)
Abstract:Navy command and control (C2) personnel must make decisions about events and activities they are not able to directly perceive. They must interpret information represented on an interface or over a communication device into a mental picture of the relevant environment - a mental model of the current situation. Sustaining high levels of team performance in this environment is difficult. A tool to predict and improve team cognitive readiness in this domain could pay dividends in improving performance in a demanding environment. SA Technologies proposes to develop a comprehensive, theoretically derived multi-agent system for targeting Team Mental Models (MAST-TMM). The proposed research will develop a cognitive readiness assessment tool that provides a comprehensive assessment of TMM to predict team performance in a variety of operational environments, and identify areas of team convergence and divergence that allows prescriptive action. We will develop a cognitive readiness assessment system that provides a comprehensive assessment of TMM by integrating measures of both explicit and tacit knowledge structures, team member skills and abilities, and team member attitudes, combining these elements using fuzzy cognitive modeling in a multi-agent method, and including periodic model updating using automated communication analysis.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 306-7760
Camilla Knott
OSD10-CR8      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:CAPTURE: Cognitive Assessment Program for Tracking Unit Readiness and Endurance
Abstract:In modern warfare, the knowledge and skills of individual warfighters are often stretched beyond capacity in attempts to successfully execute increasingly complex missions. As a result, environmental stressors that accompany high-tempo operations, such as accelerations in time pressure to complete a task, can reduce cognitive readiness and disrupt team cohesion as well as warfighter effectiveness. The goal of this SBIR is to define, prototype, and (in Phase II) integrate a fully functional version of CAPTURE: the Cognitive Assessment Program for Tracking Unit Readiness and Endurance. CAPTURE is a mobile application designed to monitor and assesses the current state of warfighter cognitive readiness by fusing multiple sources of data to provide immediate assessments of readiness in relation to the current or upcoming mission. Resulting cognitive readiness assessments are returned to the warfighter immediately and are viewable by team leaders as an interactive decision aid for personnel decisions. The project team of Aptima and Mr. Troy Zeidman (Imprimis, Inc.) bring to this task: expertise in cognitive readiness research and psychophysiological measurement, knowledge of an operational need for cognitive readiness in both the Army and Navy, and experience developing integrated multi-modal software solutions for assessment and performance measurement.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Scott Potter
OSD10-CR8      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Microgames for the Assessment and Augmentation of Cognitive Readiness Skills (MAACRS)
Abstract:Despite improvements in procedural assessment and training, little advancement has been made in enhancing cognitive readiness, the mental preparation needed to flexibly sustain high levels of performance in unpredictable combat environments. Existing assessment tools, including psychological batteries and computer-based instruments (e.g., the Army Cognitive Readiness Assessment battery) are inaccessible to warfighters for a number of reasons: 1) they present information that requires psychological interpretation, limiting their usefulness to warfighters and commanders; 2) they often require controlled environments, significant time periods, or complex equipment, making them unavailable while deployed; 3) they fail to address both assessment and augmentation requirements; and 4) they fail to engage warfighters, reducing incentive to continue assessment and training. To address these issues, we propose to design a suite of Microgames for the Assessment and Augmentation of Cognitive Readiness Skills (MAACRS). MAACRS will include three components: 1) an Assessment and Augmentation Suite that provides accessible and engaging microgames to evaluate and train essential cognitive readiness competencies; 2) a Cognitive Readiness Skills Model that provides a tailored curriculum and microgame objectives for individual warfighters; and 3) a Cognitive Readiness Review Application that provides summative performance results to improve individual warfighter and commander understanding of readiness.

Ontar Corporation
9 Village Way
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-9622
John Schroeder
OSD10-CR8      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Decision Support: Cognitive Readiness Assessment and Reporting
Abstract:Ontar’s technical objective for this program is to develop a hardware and software solution for both understanding of and augmentation of cognitive readiness at both the individual and command levels. During Phase I we will define the following features and capabilities: Develop a detailed conceptual design for the applicability of a hand-held touch screen hardware/software cognitive readiness solution; Identify potential applications capable of measuring and augment cognitive readiness of an individual; Develop a framework for information sharing and data fusion within a network of individuals and across applications; And provide a limited demonstration of the technical feasibility of the conceptual design. Ontar will do this by developing a training system that can help commanders understand the levels of cognitive readiness for each of the individuals in the unit. With the help of Ontar’s Learning Content Management System, an acceptable training strategy, sensors to measure the neural, behavior, and cognitive measures of each individual’s score will be compiled for each individual and team through a complete hardware software system on a handheld device.

SA Technologies, Inc.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 838-3748
Cheryl Bolstad
OSD10-CR8      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Cognitive Readiness Evaluation and Augmentation Tool for Operational Readiness
Abstract:Ensuring operational readiness requires not only assisting individuals and team leaders in monitoring their cognitive readiness, but also providing useful strategies and tools to address areas targeted for improvement. To address this critical need, our overall goal for this SBIR research project is to design and develop the Cognitive Readiness Evaluation and Augmentation Tool for Operational Readiness (CREATOR). Guided by an empirically- derived theoretical model of cognitive readiness, CREATOR will be designed to support three primary functions: (1) Monitor cognitive readiness; (2) Evaluate cognitive readiness; and (3) Augment cognitive readiness. These functions will be supported at both the individual and command (team) levels and will involve using a distinct set of applications designed to monitor, evaluate, and augment cognitive readiness. CREATOR will be hosted on a hand- held device or laptop and can be used regularly by warfighters and their commanders to assess and improve individual and team cognitive readiness, thereby ensuring continuous operational readiness.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
James Niehaus
OSD10-CR9      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Embeddable Agents for Assessing Cognitive Readiness
Abstract:The modern Warfighter is augmented with complex operational systems to improve his situational awareness, increase his performance range, and act as a force multiplier. However, these new systems often come at the price of increased cognitive workload on the part of the Warfighter, and they may even introduce performance errors that arise from a lack of cognitive readiness. System analysts can improve cognitive readiness by identifying a Warfighter’s cognitive performance deficits and addressing them through training, improved performance support, and redesigned operational systems. To identify these deficits, neurocognitive measurements of indicators such as cognitive workload and attention can be approximated with high accuracy by using non-invasive sensors to measure brain activity and other physiological indicators. Thus, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of Cognitive Readiness Agents for Neural Imaging and Understanding Models (CRANIUM), a toolkit for system analysts to use neurocognitive measurements to recommend additional training for individual users, performance support for all users of the system, or the redesign of system interfaces or components. CRANIUM addresses a clear need for an extensible, general-purpose, stand-alone neurocognitive assessment toolkit that can be incorporated into new and existing military technology with little to no integration effort.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Kelly Hale
OSD10-CR9      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Development of a System for Cognitive Readiness Evaluation through Evolutionary Patterns (CREEP)
Abstract:Measures of cognitive readiness are critical to ensuring deployment of warfighters who perform optimally in today’s dynamic mission settings that require at times rapid shifts between peace making, peace keeping, and combat operations. The proposed System for Cognitive Readiness Evaluation through Evolutionary Patterns will incorporate an embeddable, modular and evolutionary cognitive readiness diagnostic engine that can be employed in existing military systems to evaluate individualized cognitive readiness and performance. CREEP will incorporate a modular metric suite, such that the diagnostic engine can run using system-collected metrics alone giving limited cognitive readiness evaluation, or accept data from non invasive, minimally intrusive neural, physiological, and behavioral metrics that provide more granular information regarding cognitive readiness. The proposed CREEP system will then diagnose times of non-optimal cognitive readiness states that can be remediated prior to these issues manifesting themselves in behavioral errors. The resultant hardware/software suite will be embeddable into existing systems, such that the CREEP architecture can provide consistent, reliable performance measurement and cognitive readiness assessment across domains and systems.

Quantum Leap Innovations, Inc.
3 Innovation Way Suite 100
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 894-8055
Jijun Wang
OSD10-CR9      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Adaptive and Embeddable Agents for Real-Time Cognitive Readiness and Performance
Abstract:To meet the ever-increasing challenges imposed by next generation weapon systems and continued reduced manning efforts, Quantum Leap Innovations, Inc. will collaborate with the Institute for Simulation and Training (IST) at the University of Central Florida (UCF) to develop adaptive, embeddable, and configurable agents for real-time cognitive readiness and performance assessment. The objective of this SBIR is to develop and operationally test adaptive and embeddable agents that can be seamlessly integrated into existing military systems with minimal changes and enable warfighters to work effectively and safely in highly complex and uncertain environments. The agents will utilize a Bayesian network model to learn the probabilistic relationships between cognitive states of a human operator and his/her performance from neural, cognitive and behavioral data streams. Additionally, the Bayesian network model is able to adapt to different military systems based on the profile of users and task environments. In Phase I of this SBIR, we will demonstrate the benefits of configurable agent architecture and interfaces in the Mixed Initiative Experimental (MIX) Testbed– a distributed training testbed for human-robot teams. We will further evaluate the feasibility of the Bayesian network modeling for single and multi-modal cognitive state assessment using data collected by UCF-IST.

Barber-Nichols Inc.
6325 West 55th Avenue
Arvada, CO 80002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 421-8111
Dave Wehrlen
OSD10-EP1      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Parallel Operation of Compact, Efficient Turbogenerators for Robust Tactical Energy Independence
Abstract:The intent of this project is to explore the feasibility of using a parallel connection strategy similar to a utility solution for the operation of multiple high speed turbo-generators in the 10 to 50 kW range. It is desired to connect the high frequency, 3-phase outputs of multiple turbo-generators in parallel to produce a single high frequency bus of significantly higher power, up to 500 kW. This single high power bus would then feed into a rectifier/inverter stage to produce a 60 Hz output which would be readily usable for both commercial and military loads. It would be very desirable for the 60 Hz converter stage to be based on multiple parallel converters each having the same power capacity as the turbo-generators. This would allow the number of operating turbo-generators and 60 Hz converters to be increased or decreased in step to control the total combined output power while maintaining redundancy and high efficiency in both stages.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 468-0586
Charles DePlachett
OSD10-EP1      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Parallel Operation of Compact, Efficient Turbogenerators for Robust Tactical Energy Independence
Abstract:The need for clean, reliable electrical power is increasing in both the military and commercial sectors, which places high priority on technologies that provide flexibility and increased energy independence. The potential for reduced maintenance, high reliability, and increased durability is currently being demonstrated in actual turbogenerator applications, making the possibility of using microturbines for effective power generation feasible. Currently all-electric-output turbogenerators are large in scale; however, advances are being made in the development of more compact microturbine auxiliary power units (APUs) that build upon the advances of miniature 30-100 pound thrust turbojet engines. The IS4S/MillenWorks (IS4S/MW) team proposes to investigate and develop the controls necessary to take compact 10-30 kW microturbine generators and link them to form a stable and reliable microgrid supplying up to 500 kW. The team will model, simulate, and optimize the output of multiple microturbine generators operating as a microgrid. The developed system will add management of the efficient export capabilities of a microgrid system containing microturbine elements in reaction to real time variations in load.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9920
Charles J. Prisco
OSD10-EP1      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Parallel Operation of Compact, Efficient Turbogenerators for Robust Tactical Energy Independence
Abstract:MSI proposes to develop a reliable control system that will electrically combine multiple 10 to 50kW turbo-alternators to create a stable 100 to 500kW micro-grid. The military needs to easily and reliably set up compact micro-grids for a variety of power-supply applications. The emergence of commercially available turbo-alternator products in the 10-50 kW range has created an opportunity to fill this important military need. Multiple micro-turbines will be operated only when there is an electrical demand. The turbines must start quickly, and immediately and automatically connect to the AC micro-grid. The problem is that currently available control technologies do not meet the requirements for such micro-grids. A Phase I goal is to demonstrate a practical method for reliably and efficiently “mechanically paralleling” micro-turbines. An equally important problem is that commercially available turbogenerators are not necessarily designed to withstand the mechanical loads that will be imposed by rapid mechanical paralleling. Therefore, a related Phase I goal is to evaluate changes required to turbogenerators to allow micro-grid operation. A successful Phase II project will conclude with a micro-grid demonstration by MSI and its subcontractor, Fairmount Automation.

Alanthus Associates, Inc.
417 E. Custis Ave.
Alexandria, VA 22301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 684-9888
Bryan Aucoin
OSD10-EP2      Awarded:1/10/2011
Title:Rugged, collapsible solar concentration devices to support tactical alternative energy production
Abstract:Alanthus and its partner Brayton Energy, LLC proposes to develop the engineering design for a rugged, collapsible solar concentrator to support tactical alternative energy production. This integrated system will use a number of Alanthus and Brayton innovations and will have the following characteristics: • Use of a lightweight, low cost, mobile, easily fabricated Cassegrain collection unit to focus sunlight to the energy conversion system. The range of options for energy conversion systems is greatly expanded because the focal point of such a system can be placed on the ground or on a platform instead of elevated over the reflecting surface. • Use of a hybrid gas turbine system that will operate both on solar energy and conventional fossil fuel. Continuity of operations is extremely important in a tactical environment. Enabling use of fossil fuels at night and during intermittent sunshine will enable this continuity. • Use of a battery subsystem to enable continuous energy production during intermittent sunlight or sort term night time operations. With the exception of the hybrid gas turbine which must be designed for this application, we believe this system can be fabricated from commercial, off-the-shelf parts.

DR Technologies, Inc.
9431 Dowdy Drive
San Diego, CA 92126
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 587-4200
Austin Reid
OSD10-EP2      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Rugged, Collapsible Solar Concentrator (PDRT10-015)
Abstract:DR Technologies, Inc. will begin development of a rugged, collapsible solar concentration device to support tactical alternative energy production. The concentrator will be designed to be high-accuracy, modular, field-replaceable, lightweight, and manufacturable. Phase I work will focus on the design of the concentrator to meet the above goals for a 3kW power converter while ensuring the system fits into a Light Tactical Trailer and is easily and quickly deployed. Several novel concentrator concepts are considered during Phase I that will be fully designed and analyzed before a final selection is made for a prototype system. A Ľ concentrator segment will be fabricated to demonstrate the inexpensive manufacturing technology and as a concentrator for the innovative power routing system. New surface protection materials will be tested for performance after exposure to a number of environmental conditions, including vehicle exhaust, abrasive blast, and prolonged UV exposure. Phase I will establish a viable baseline design and several key components that are necessary to success once a prototype is built.

INFINIA CORPORATION
6811 West Okanogan Place
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 737-2119
SONGGANG QIU
OSD10-EP2      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Rugged, collapsible solar concentration devices to support tactical alternative energy production
Abstract:Infinia Corporation proposes

Optical Physics Company
26610 Agoura Road Suite 240
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 880-2907
Richard A Hutchin
OSD10-EP2      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Rollable Solar Concentrator with Dual Axis Tracking
Abstract:Optical Physics Company (OPC) is proposing to develop a new kind of Fresnel lens concentrator with built in tracking capability. The concentrator is tactically-mobile and can be stowed on a Light Tactical Trailer (LTT). It can also be set up and taken down in less than 30 minutes by two people with minimal tools and be redeployed several hundred times. OPC has already proven the feasibility of the rollable concentrator concept under a Phase I SBIR grant from the Department of Energy (DOE). During the proposed Phase I effort, we will ruggedize and adapt this design to deliver 3-5 kW peak electric power. The target technology readiness level at the end of Phase I is TRL 4. The proposed work plan also includes building a full scale mock-up model of the system with interlocking elements to demonstrate the ease of setup, tear-down, as well as repeated deployment capability.

Thermacore, Inc.
780 Eden Road
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 569-6551
John Rosenfeld
OSD10-EP2      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Rugged, collapsible solar concentration devices to support tactical alternative energy production
Abstract:Small tactical military operations need to reduce fuel consumption, operational costs, and the need for logistics fuel resupply in the field. One method to accomplish these goals is to have the military units use a renewable energy source that is portable and clean. A good source of renewable energy is solar thermal energy. Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) solar-to- electric conversion is particularly efficient with a net average annual yield ranging between 18 and 23%. Concentrated solar power (CSP) technology is currently being used worldwide at fixed power plants. This solar concentrator/solar conversion device configuration must generate 3-5 kW of electric power, Operate predictably and efficiently after repeated deployments in a demanding environment, have dual-axis control to capture maximum solar energy, and be easy to assemble and disassemble and mount onto a Light Tactical Trailer (LTT). The objective of this proposal is to take the existing CSP technology, which is currently being used at power plants, and use that information to develop a tactically-mobile, deployable/stow-able solar concentrator for use with solar conversion devices to help small military units capitalize on the advantages of solar thermal energy.

Great Lakes Sound & Vibration, Inc.
47140 N Main St.
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-7535
Steven G Mattson
OSD10-EP3      Awarded:5/26/2011
Title:APU Silencing Technology Development
Abstract:Auxiliary power units (APU) offer potential to improve operational efficiency and provide significant tactical advantage for surveillance missions conducted from land vehicle platforms. Current installations have resulted in higher than acceptable noise levels, adversely impacting the ability to perform a "silent" watch. In particular, noise created by the combustion process presents a problem due to its relatively low frequency. Low frequency noise propagates efficiently through the atmosphere resulting in audible detectability at unacceptable range. Low frequency noise can be reduced using passive silencing techniques, but these devices are typically large and heavy and present objectionable integration burdens. This effort outlines activities to establish feasibility and preliminary design of an active exhaust silencer for use with an APU. The desired outcome is a compact and lightweight solution capable of reducing exterior noise to levels that enable inaudible operation at a range of 20 meters. The considerable challenge of achieving a durable solution for creating anti-noise will be addressed through a parallel path approach, with one path focused on innovative integration of COTS technology and the other focused on development of a novel noise source able to directly withstand the extreme exhaust environment.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Keehoon Kim
OSD10-EP3      Awarded:4/19/2011
Title:Self-Sensing/-Active Acoustic Suppression Array
Abstract:To address the OSD need for quiet APUs, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Self-sensing/-active Acoustic Suppression Array (SASA) for auxiliary power units (APUs). This proposed SASA is based on a set of self-powered sensors and autonomously responding actuators on a skin array requiring no complex processing hardware or software. The innovation in SASA in terms of self-sensing and self-actuation architecture enables the SASA to suppress acoustic energy emanating from APU subsystems in both the time and space domains, satisfying aural nondetectability limits over a range of 20 Hz to 10 kHz at 20 m, which directly addresses the Ground/Sea Vehicle Program requirements. In Phase I, POC plans to conduct a feasibility study of the SASA concept, develop a SASA hardware design that can safely be used within operating conditions/performance limits, and analyze/evaluate a Phase I SASA prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop, demonstrate, and validate the SASA technology integrated on an APU selected by the government.

CornerTurn LLC
423 Jenks Circle Suite 101
Corona, CA 92280
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 256-4208
Michael Cox
OSD10-EP4      Awarded:6/16/2011
Title:Near Field Contactless Electric Power Transfer
Abstract:CornerTurn will develop a wireless power transfer system for military ground vehicles that will provide electrical power to any electronic device installed on the vehicle without the necessity to run power lines from the vehicle electrical power source to

General Magnetic Sciences
6420 Stonehaven Ct
Clifton, VA 20124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 816-7928
John Menner
OSD10-EP4      Awarded:6/3/2011
Title:Near Field Contactless Electric Power Transfer
Abstract:General Magnetic Sciences, Inc has invented a method for making physically small antennas that can perform as electrically-large antennas - i.e. transmitting with high efficiency, as if the antenna were physically as large as half-wavelength or more. Usi

7Solar Technologies, Inc.
92-94 Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 290-1465
Jack Hanoka
OSD10-EP5      Awarded:1/18/2011
Title:Redeployable Solar Combined Heat and Power (RSCHP) System
Abstract:7Solar is proposing to develop a novel PV/Thermal combination system that produces electricity and hot water in the same form-factor and cost as a standard PV module. The ratio between the amount of hot water and electricity can be varied based on demand. We use a proprietary silicon cell (patent pending with Department of Energy). Optional hot water storage tanks and electrical storage (super capacitors) can be integrated within the module. There is no need for mechanical devices such as Stirling engines and as a result the system is very rugged and deployable in harsh conditions. The whole system can be rapidly deployed and can be integrated with 7Solar's desiccant air conditioning system for highly efficient heating and cooling of spaces.

INFINIA CORPORATION
6811 West Okanogan Place
Kennewick, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 737-2119
SONGGANG QIU
OSD10-EP5      Awarded:1/19/2011
Title:Redeployable Solar Combined Heat and Power (RSCHP) System
Abstract:Infinia Corporation proposes

Pulsar Energy, Inc.
2501 N. Harwood Ste. 2200
Dallas, TX 75201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 912-1561
Cristian Penciu
OSD10-EP5      Awarded:1/18/2011
Title:Redeployable Solar Combined Heat and Power (RSCHP) System
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop a re-deployable solar combined heat and power (RSCHP) system based on an innovative system design that will produce electricity with an expected efficiency of 30% and that will provide an additional 30+% of the collected energy as usable heat. More specifically, this proposal seeks to provide a detailed system configuration and design, to validate anticipated performance characteristics (e.g., size, weight, efficiency of solar energy conversion), and to build a small scale proof-of-concept model.

Amsen Technologies LLC
1684 South Research Loop Suite 518
Tucson, AZ 85710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 540-6944
Hongxing Hu
OSD10-EP6      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Anion Exchange Membranes for Alkaline and Low-temperature Fuel Cell Applications
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to develop high performance anion exchange membranes for alkaline and low-temperature fuel cell applications based on a unique polymer-polymer hybrid scheme. The hybrid of these two polymers is intended to take advantage of combined merits of the constituent polymers and overcome the drawbacks of each polymer when used alone. The focus of the effort is to enhance the conductivity of the anion exchange membrane by raising the ion exchange capacity (IEC) as high as possible. The outcome of the present effort may result in a new anion exchange membrane with high hydroxyl ion conductivity, high thermal and chemical stabilities, low permeability of reactant species, good mechanical properties, and high durability in application to sodium borohydride-hydrogen peroxide fuel cells. Issues for scaling up of the membrane production and commercialization will be identified and addressed in Phase I.

Bettergy Corp.
46 Bari Manor
Croton-on-Hudson, NY 10520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 290-6293
Lin-Feng Li
OSD10-EP6      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:HIGH PERFORMANCE HYDROXYL EXCHANGE MEMBRANE (HEM) FOR ALKALINE FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS
Abstract:The Millitary has a strong need for very high-energy density (> 1000 WH/kg), light weight power sources for communications and other advanced electronic devices The possible solution is replacing the battery with proton exchange membrane (PEM) based hydrogen fuel cell. However, hydrogen storage and handling is a problem. Direct oxidation fuel cell (DOFC) with a PEM is a quite attractive alternative. However, due to slow reduction and oxidation kinetics in the acidic media and fuel crossover issue, those systems have not reached their full potentials. It is well known that electrochemical oxidation of fuel and electrochemical reductions of oxygen are kinetically more favorable in an alkaline media at low temperature (T < 100oC). Furthermore, alkaline electrolyte offers the best prospects for using non-noble metal as the catalyst. Recent reports showed promising results for alkaline fuel cell based on hydroxyl exchange membrane (HEM). However, due to limited availability and low performance of such membranes, a lot of development work is still urgently needed in order to pave the way for developing high energy density AFCs. Driven by the strong market pull, we invented a novel HEM, which promised to have the following advantages, 1) high ionic conductivity; 2) excellent thermal stability; 3) much better chemical and electrochemical stability; 4) low cost and 5) excellent manufacturability. Therefore, this innovative HEM can meet the stringent requirements as the membrane material for both AFC and direct ethanol AFC applications.

Hybrid Plastics
55 W. L. Runnels Industrial Dr.
Hattiesburg, MS 39401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(601) 544-3466
Joseph Lichtenhan
OSD10-EP6      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Anion Exchange Polymer Membranes Based on Polyoctahedral Silsesquioxanes for Alkaline Fuel Cells
Abstract:Polyhedral silsesquioxanes (POSS) will be modified using chloromethylation of aromatic POSS cages. These cages will then be co-cast, using solvent, with chloromethylated polysulfones and subsequently quaternized with monofunctional and difunctional trialkylamines in order to render crosslinked films containing the cage-structures. Subsequent alkalization will form anion exchange membranes with high IEC, high conductivity but low swelling, good chemical resistance against strong acids and bases and good mechanical strength. They will be used as AEMs in direct sodium borohydride/hydrogen peroxide fuel cells.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 693-0017
Alan Cisar
OSD10-EP6      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:High Energy Density All-Liquid Fed Fuel Cell
Abstract:Power supplies for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) need both a high energy density and a stable mass density. (If the system changes weight or volume during operation it can upset the buoyancy control of the UUV.) The combination of sodium borohydride (NaBH4, handled as a base stabilized aqueous solution) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, handled as an acid stabilized aqueous solution) offer a very high energy density, especially if they are consumed directly rather than going through intermediate species (e.g., H2 and O2). They are also storable as unpressurized liquids and produce only liquid products (also storable unpressurized) when they are reacted in a fuel cell, making them ideal for the UUV application. On a volume basis these solutions are equivalent to oxygen stored at over 3,000 psi and hydrogen stored at over 5,000 psi.. We will use these reactants in a direct fuel cell with a bipolar membrane as the electrolyte. After demonstrating the basic technology in Phase I, we will fabricate a complete standalone power supply in Phase II.

Aegis Technology
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
OSD10-EP7      Awarded:12/20/2010
Title:Advanced System-Level Integration for High Efficiency Primary and Secondary (Waste Heat) Thermoelectric Generation
Abstract:This project is to develop a novel class of integrated, high system-level-efficient thermoelectric generator system for conversion of thermal energy (from primary fuel or high grade secondary waste heat) to electricity that can be customized for applications from warfighter-portable power to reduce mission load, to fuel-efficiency improvement on military platforms. The development is based on the integration of state-of-the-art thermoelectric, heat exchanger, and power conditioning technologies that Aegis Technology has developed on last few years.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael G. Izenson
OSD10-EP7      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Efficient Power Production With Thermoelectric Generating Systems
Abstract:Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) offer the potential for simple and efficient conversion of heat directly to electricity. However, efficient power conversion systems that incorporate TEGs present an engineering challenge, requiring an overall system design that balances critical trade-offs between TEG performance requirements, thermal management, combustion efficiency, and power conditioning. We propose to develop an innovative power conversion system using a TEG to convert heat from a primary fuel source to electricity. The system will combine state-of-the-art thermoelectric materials with advanced technologies for efficient thermal management, combustion, and power conditioning. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach by developing an overall system model that includes all critical processes, then selecting system parameters that will optimize the system for maximum overall efficiency. Proof-of-concept tests will demonstrate operation of critical thermal management and combustion technologies. In Phase II we will build, test, and deliver a complete 100 We TEG power system.

Prime Research, LC
1116 South Main Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-2200
John Coggin
OSD10-EP7      Awarded:12/23/2010
Title:Warfighter Portable Power Generation using Heat Pipes
Abstract:The energy harvesting potential of thermoelectric materials has been significantly increased over the last several years. However, while research efforts have demonstrated new thermoelectrics with significantly improved material conversion efficiencies, little work has been done to develop commercially viable thermoelectric energy harvesting systems with both high system-level efficiencies and power densities. Prime Research (PRLC) proposes the development of a thermoelectric generator (TEG) that incorporates state-of-the-art thermoelectric materials within an innovative low-thermal resistance and flexible heat pipe network. Using both the physics of phase transition heat pipes operate as flexible thermal superconductors, efficiently transferring large heat flows to and from the thermoelectric module. Connected to the heat pipes are versatile and rugged hot and cold side heat exchangers to enable thermal harvesting from a variety of sources. The opportunistic TEG harvester is capable of efficiently converting waste heat into power from a wide range of waste heat sources, including vehicles and machinery, as well as primary heat sources including campfires and virtually any fuel oil burner, such as a cook stove or portable heater. The portable power solution will address military applications at all scales and large commercial markets for home emergency power and outdoor recreation.

American Maglev Technology of Florida, Inc.
109 Anderson Street Suite 101
Marietta, GA 30060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 845-7130
Andy Wissing
OSD10-EP8      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Magnetic Gears and Couplings
Abstract:The conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy – or vice versa – is achieved with large electromechanical volumes at low rotation speeds. Gears are a convenient way to convert the slow speed, high torque side of ocean energy to a high speed, low torque counterpart. Mechanical gearboxes are beset by life and maintenance issues. If direct drive conversion is employed, the equipment is huge in both physical size and cost, due to the properties indigenous to materials available and practical today. The size of the electromechanical device can be reduced proportional to the speed ratio realized by the gear. Unfortunately, mechanical gears with large ratios are anything but small, a fact well known in the wind industry. The difficulty has much to do with the number of teeth that can be engaged at one time. Sharing teeth drives the costs up considerable due to mechanical machining requirements of multiple stages and parallel linkages. Delivery supply quotes for the larger gears runs 18-24 months in the wind industry. These devices typically operate with 95-96% efficiency. We calculate that the efficiency of a magnetic gear could achieve 97.5-98% with a torque density of 160 kN-m/m3. A comparison to a direct drive windmill generator shows that a 50:1 magnetic gear has a torque density close to 8 times greater than a direct drive generator. This would suggest that a magnetic gear with a 1/50th sized conventional generator could replace an electromechanical system 8 times larger. When a magnetic field simulation proved this 8:1 advantage over a superconducting direct drive alternative, this team became convinced that this technology could make significant inroads in the evolution of advanced gearing technologies.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 941-8585
Charles Slavik
OSD10-EP8      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Magnetic Gears and Couplings
Abstract:APS will expand on available and evolving analytical/numerical tools to address design and performance parameters for Permanent Magnet couplings and gears. APS has developed complex modeling tools for designing and assessing current permanent magnet (PM) motors under ONR sponsorship. These tools have been transitioned to magnetic gear applications, as techniques for addressing flux densities, material modeling, torque calculation, electromagnetic losses and noise performance are comparable for both PM motor and PM gear set machines. Additionally, APS has leveraged available FEA tools to address design nuances that influence the performance of PM gear sets, most specific to the torque density of the device. APS will address not only combinations of mutually- influential design parameters, but also multi-physics relationships including magneto- thermal and magneto-acoustic concerns.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jeffrey J. Breedlove
OSD10-EP8      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Advanced Magnetic Couplings and Gears Optimized for Military Applications
Abstract:Many systems have mechanical couplings and gears that require lubrication and cooling, produce vibration and noise, experience wear, and are unreliable. Magnetic couplings and gears are an emerging technology that can provide superior characteristics for some applications. Although commercial magnetic couplings exist and prototype magnetic gears have been demonstrated, concerns with torque density, dynamic operation, and cost have limited widespread implementation to date. In response, we propose to design, fabricate, and test an advanced prototype coupling and gear that are optimized for specific military applications. This work will demonstrate the superior operational characteristics of these devices in military environments. During Phase I, we will evaluate coupling and gear concepts, conduct design-trade assessments, develop optimized preliminary designs, and estimate production costs. We will then fabricate and test a prototype magnetic coupling and a prototype magnetic gear during Phase II.

Magnet Applications Inc
12 Industrial Drive
Du Bois, PA 16365
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 375-9145
James F Bell
OSD10-EP8      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Magnetic Gears and Couplings
Abstract:The strength of this submission lies in the breadth and depth of knowledge provided by the members of the consortium. It includes Magnet Applications, one of the remaining magnet and assembly manufacturers in the US, - Magnomatics, whose core business is developing applications based on magnetic gearing and coupling technologies, and Northrop Grumman, who have an immense capability and experience in delivering complex systems to the defense community. The project will examine and compare all the major competing technologies that are currently available, compare them against a matrix or performance, reliability and viability parameters, and develop prototype designs based on the most suitable options. These will cover both magnetic gearing units, and magnet couplings, ranging in performance from flight surface actuators to units capable of ship propulsion, which will create major challenges in area of available materials, requiring state-of-the art products. With Magnet Applications' experience and worldwide contacts in magnetic materials, we will plan for later development of magnetic products to achieve the best combination of performance, efficiency and reliability. The consortium will also provide a demonstrator of magnetic gearing / coupling technology at Northrop Grumman, Philadelphia facility, at the end of the project, for further examination by interested parties.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Corporation 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alireza Shapoury
OSD10-EP8      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Axial Magnetic Transmission
Abstract:To address the OSD’s need to design, develop a prototype, and evaluate a quiet, maintenance-free, high torque density magnetic gearbox, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to analyze different magnetic gear topologies with respect to OSD’s need and develop a new viable solution, the Axial Magnetic TRANsmission (AMTRAN). This proposed device is a new magnetic gearbox design based on mechanomagnetics, magnetic coupling, and kinematics. As a result, the AMTRAN offers a high-torque, noncontact maximal magnetic coupling with no lubrication requirement, and input-output shaft isolation, which directly addresses the needs of several DOD agencies to increase service availability, particularly for mission-critical applications and reduce the noise signature. In Phase I, POC will analyze the proposed gear, along with other topologies with respect to OSD/Navy requirements. The kinematics of the designs and their components will also be analyzed with finite element analysis (FEA) software to verify the candidate design principle in terms of noise level, maintenance, reliability, lubrication requirements, form factors, and other performance metrics such as magnetic hysteresis, gear ratio, efficiency, and torque density. In Phase II, POC plans to fabricate a proof-of-concept prototype, optimize the design, and perform business case analysis (BCA), including trade-space analysis and life-cycle costs.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2476
Robert McCormack
OSD10-HS1      Awarded:2/14/2011
Title:MOSAIC: Modeling the Spread of Attitudes and Information in Cultural Data
Abstract:The attitudes and opinions of populations around the world are reflected in the content they create on the internet. In counter-insurgency (COIN) and related operations, it is critically important to understand the attitudes of different populations, but it remains very hard to get timely, detailed data relevant to strategic metrics. Online data has been vastly underutilized due to the sheer amount of data and its unstructured nature. To address this problem, Aptima proposes development of MOSAIC (MOdeling the Spread of Attitude and Information in Cultural data). MOSAIC will leverage Aptima’s LaVA language processing technology to extract high-level concepts from electronic media, such as online news, blogs, and social media. In addition, our partners, SentiMetrix, Inc., will apply their technologies to extract entities and sentiment from the same data. These entities, sentiment, and concepts will be combined to derive “memes,” or units of cultural information about the attitudes and opinions present in the data. Finally, we will apply epidemiologically-inspired models of information diffusion to these memes to better understand their temporal and spatial change and spread. From these models we can derive a set of strategic metrics related to the changing attitudes of the population.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mike Farry
OSD10-HS1      Awarded:2/24/2011
Title:A System for the Collection, Use, Portrayal, and Interpretation of Data (CUPID)
Abstract:Tactical command staffs supporting counterinsurgency and counterterrorism missions are faced with the need to collect and consider not only traditional intelligence about adversaries, but also human socio-cultural and behavioral (HSCB) information about t

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5032
Tim Hawes
OSD10-HS1      Awarded:1/25/2011
Title:Cultural Logic Understanding Engine (CLUE)
Abstract:Without some way to acquire or access insight into the social dynamics of battlespace populations, Warfighters will operate with a limited or inaccurate understanding of the human terrain and an impeded ability to explain current social behavior and to pr

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6125
Ian Yohai
OSD10-HS2      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Languaged Informed data Gathering and Analysis Toolkit and Unified REporting System (LIGATURES)
Abstract:Recent military missions demonstrate the need for understanding the socio-cultural landscape, which requires access to timely and detailed data. Existing approaches to HSCB data collection have proven inadequate and the lack of data has become a key constraint for modeling and analysis efforts. Accordingly, we propose to construct the Language Informed data Gathering and Analysis Toolkit and Unified REporting System (LIGATURES). LIGATURES will combine automated language processing of open-source materials, such as news sites and blogs, with a field data collection tool. The results of the text analysis will suggest topics and trends that can serve as the basis for more finely detailed data collection from the field. We will leverage existing capabilities for both key elements of the project, including an integrated suite of text analytics and a field data collection application designed to run on handheld devices. The combined system will assist analysts in discovering topics of interest from text materials, constructing well-formed questions for field data collection, integrating the two sources of data, and visualizing the results. This approach will allow for enhanced data collection and analysis at multiple levels of temporal and geographic granularity.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mike Farry
OSD10-HS2      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:INSITE: An Unattended In Situ HSCB Data Collection, Visualization, and Analysis System
Abstract:Human Socio-Cultural Behavioral (HSCB)-based models have the potential to help tactical commanders assess situations and project consequences of actions in counterinsurgency (COIN) missions. Unfortunately, the potential utility of these models been limited due to a lack of area of interest (AOI) data traditionally collected by local subject matter experts (SMEs). The short supply of SMEs has created interest in developing collection capabilities that can operate unattended in remote AOIs to collect HSCB data over long periods of time. One approach is to leverage automated OSINT and SIGINT tools to collect and analyze local AOI multimedia (web, TV, radio), online records, and individual inputs. Unfortunately, there is a shortage of detectable media signals and local records in technology-poor remote AOIs. To enable collection of HSCB data now unavailable in these remote AOIs, we propose to design and demonstrate INSITE, an automated, unattended, long duration, HSCB data collection system focused on detecting non-verbal social signals that make up a significant part of the “atmospherics” that give critical socio-cultural insight. INSITE consists of a: (1) Remote HSCB Data Collection System that includes sensors, sensor processing techniques, a wireless network interface; and (2) INSITE Data Packager that provides storage, visualization, and analysis tools.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4629
Xiong Liu
OSD10-HS2      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:A Dynamic Warehousing and Mining System for Large-Scale Human Social Cultural Behavioral Data
Abstract:We propose to develop a novel Dynamic Warehousing and Mining (DWM) framework for in- situ collection and analysis of Human Social Cultural Behavior (HSCB) data. DWM is a large-scale, dynamic approach for maximizing the ability of intelligence analyst of various kinds to collect, organize and analyze text-based communication to assess HSCB dimensions for a given group and predict current belief states and likely intended actions for that group. For Phase I of this project, the HSCB dimensions of interest are a group’s (i.e., terrorist cell, corporate organization, village, nation) power structure, sense of fatalism, and affective change over time. These are presented as just first steps in a more complete HSCB analysis solution. DWM has several key features: 1) it collects HSCB data from large quantity of unstructured information in an ‘undetected’ fashion, 2) it incorporates linguistic feature analysis and data mining techniques for multiple HSCB dimensions, 3) it utilizes agent technologies to pull in unfiltered data in an untended manner for prolonged durations, and 4) it provides high-dimensional data cubing technology for instant analysis.

Intelligent Models, Inc.
9710 Traville Gateway Drive
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 366-1194
Alexander Lubyansky
OSD10-HS2      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:In Situ Collection of Human Social Cultural Behavioral Data
Abstract:Human Social and Cultural Behavior (HSCB) models are increasingly used to provide critical support to US military decision making. HSCB models are highly reliant on data; they need data from many sources, types, and areas of human behavior. The concomitant data streams have variable data quality and are constantly changing. Despite these challenges, HSCB models may need near real-time access to this data to make rapid decisions. To promote rapid acquisition and effective use of relevant HSCB knowledge, we propose ACE-HSCB which automates HSCB data collection by a fleet of autonomous, unmanned, tactical ISR platforms (UAVs, UGVs, etc.). Our approach combines a socio-cultural context model of the theater of operations, a set of algorithms for focusing ISR systems on critical information needs, a four-dimensional model-based data processing architecture for sociocultural data storage and management, and an optimization model of UAV asset management. Together, these components allow ACE-HSCB to offer a solution to HSCB models’ data needs that: (1) collects, stores, and disseminates data in a way that is optimal for HSCB queries/simulations, (2) works autonomously for long periods of time, and (3) allows all operations to be performed remotely.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 245-9970
William Gruner
OSD10-HS3      Awarded:12/14/2010
Title:Neuromorphic Models of Human Social Cultural Behavior (HSCB)
Abstract:Human Social Cultural Behavioral (HSCB) modeling has been described as “the most difficult task humans have yet undertaken” (Pew and Mavor, 1998). Central to this effort is a fundamental understanding of human behavior, but this understanding is currently based on observations that are not only qualitative, but also biased. Neuroimaging modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), however, present the opportunity to develop a quantitative framework within which we may begin to understand human behavior in an unbiased manner. Phase I of this investigation will identify a set of neural correlates of human behavior, which are naturally a function of experimental paradigm, imaging modality, and analysis approach. Experimental paradigms may range from the presentation of simple visual stimuli to immersion in a simulated environment. In addition to fMRI, imaging modalities may include electroencephalography, magnetoencephalography, or a combination. Finally, a variety of statistical methods, including group independent components analysis, functional network connectivity, Granger causality, and dynamic Bayesian networks, are particularly well suited to the decomposition and fusion of the resulting data. Neural correlates identified through this process will form the basis for the specification of the required HSCB application and plans for Phase II.

Neuromatters LLC
40 Wall Street 28th Floor
New York, NY 10005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 512-5826
Barbara Hanna
OSD10-HS3      Awarded:1/6/2011
Title:A Neural Signal Processing System for Informing Cognitive Models of Human Social Cultural Behavior
Abstract:In this project we will develop a framework for and demonstrate the feasibility of a neural signal processing system for informing cognitive models. Specifically, we will use single- trial analysis of EEG to inform a cognitive model of socio-cultural behavior. Our framework will include 1) a methodology for mapping characteristics of neural signals to cortical processes and cognitive modules, 2) a neural signal processing toolbox for detecting and characterizing EEG, 3) a methodology for informing cognitive models based on the relationship between neural signals, cortical processes and modules of canonical cognitive models, 4) a methodology for relating neural signals and cortical processing modules to high-level socio-cultural relevant cues and events (e.g. facial expressions and “faux-pas”) and 5) demonstration of the utility of neural signal informed cognitive models for socio- cultural situational awareness. Neuromatters and its academic collaborators, being pioneers in the field of EEG-informed cognitive modeling, and together with DoD partners at HRED/ARL, provide unique expertise which will result in completely new neuromorphic approaches for building robust cognitive models for training, war-gaming and socio-cultural interaction.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Priya Ganapathy
OSD10-HS3      Awarded:1/20/2011
Title:NEUMET-CO: A NEUroimaging augmented METa-COgnition model to predict the decision-making capabilities of warfighters
Abstract:We propose to develop a neuroimaging-based solution to assess the decision-making capabilities of warfighters in cognition and meta-cognition scenarios. These models consider various factors such as rational thinking, volition, personality traits, risk-taking ability, etc. which to a large extend are influenced by the soldier’s social-cultural environment. Current models are solely based on behavior assessment tasks and thereby, overlook the neural mechanisms that can compensate for any cognitive shortcomings by performing higher-order interactions amongst various neural substrates. This results in misclassification of soldiers who might need training in terms of their cognitive ability to make rapid decisions without exhausting these higher-order interactions. As phase I deliverables, we propose i) to develop tools to analyze function magnetic resonance (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG) signals for decision-making tasks, ii) integration of these modalities to extract features of interest that provide a direct/indirect measure of an individual’s decision-making ability and iii) refine existing cognitive architectures and/or develop models based on our findings. In summary, these models can be used to track the progress of warfighters in terms of their decision-making ability after training. Our solution can be extended to other agent models (i.e., different demography, society, etc.) and is not limited to only warfighters.

Carley Technologies, Inc.
1924 Glen Mitchell Road
Sewickley, PA 15143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 953-8818
Mark Hirsch
OSD10-HS4      Awarded:11/4/2010
Title:Advanced Visualization for Dynamic Meta-Network Analysis: NetScenes
Abstract:Our objective is to enable military analysts to rapidly produce intelligence results related to human social contexts, and to improve the quality of the underlying analyses based on dynamic meta-network data. We focus on the visual analytics and decision aids needed to support target identification, political elite assessment and resiliency analysis. Our goal is rapid sense-making given dynamic meta-network data regardless of network size or information certainty using visual analytics that support critical feature assessment; rather than improved visualization of massive amounts of data. We enable techniques to assess visually and statistically core features of the network, the impact of alternative courses of action, the level and source of uncertainty and so its impact on the analysis. Our approach utilizes intelligent drill-down techniques that given the mission, network size, and device automatically changes the network scene; critical point visualization; iconology; uncertainty visualization; and special “visual windows” for exploring brokers, emergent leaders, and power holders; and non-graph based visualization of meta-network data. We leverage the existing *ORA, *ORA-GIS, and *ORA-Loom tools and supplement these with GUI’s and new visualization capabilities designed for the warfighter and military analyst and based on workflows and needs identified by working directly with military intelligence officers.

Charles River
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Wayne Thornton
OSD10-HS4      Awarded:11/9/2010
Title:Rapid Evaluation of Techniques for Innovative Network Analysis (RETINA)
Abstract:Intelligence analysts’ ability to visualize, understand, and reason about terrorist organizations and other covert groups is limited by the current state of the art in network analysis techniques and tools. These techniques and tools work with homogeneous networks that consist of single types of both entity and relationship. They fail to work on heterogeneous networks that consist of multiple types of entities and relationships, details about both, and qualifying information—e.g., certainty, recency. Existing tools focus on presentation of information for use in briefings, rather than analytic support that enables analysts to develop new insights; or, they provide graph-theoretic methods, most of which are only useful in well- formed homogeneous networks. Qualifying information needs to factor into analyses and visualizations to engender analyst trust, otherwise analysts may misuse or ignore results. We propose to demonstrate a tool for Rapid Evaluation of Techniques for Innovative Network Analysis (RETINA), consisting of these elements: (1) a requirements analysis to understand the needs of analysts and the data they work with; (2) design of a network analysis framework to manage heterogeneous networks; (3) design, demonstration, and evaluation of innovative computational and visual analytic techniques; (4) design of techniques to map analytic results to actionable products.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5009
Peter David
OSD10-HS4      Awarded:11/3/2010
Title:Structured Probabilistic Attributes, Relationships, and Knowledge (SPARK)
Abstract:Terrorist organizations and other covert groups operate in independent units dispersed throughout the battlespace. Their structure and continuously adapting tactics present a complex and subtle profile that can be difficult to detect and track. In operations against such enemies, detailed depictions of friendly and enemy social networks become as important as maps of the physical terrain in conventional warfare. DAC proposes a system called Structured Probabilistic Attributes, Relationships, and Knowledge (SPARK). The SPARK approach to social network modeling provides four major advantages to current methods: 1) It automates the construction of detailed multi-mode social networks, eliminating the need for time-consuming manual network construction, 2) it models entities as complex systems of attributes and probabilistic rules that, unlike traditional SNA methods, can accommodate uncertainty and incompleteness in the source data, and 3) it provides automated support for reasoning about complex social structures, and 4) it includes an approach to visualizing multi-mode social networks that highlights high-level trends, preserves low-level details, and reduces visual clutter.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
OSD10-HS4      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Prediction and Kinetic Visualization System (PKVS) for Analysis of Behavior in Dynamic Meta-Networks
Abstract:This project develops methods and tools to assist with analysis, interpretation and decision making regarding data about the co-evolution of multiple, interdependent, temporally- embedded, complex, social meta-networks. Models that narrowly focus on networks with only one relational type do not adequately account for interdependent relationships and effects; therefore, integral to our system concept is the identification of four theoretically distinct relational types: resource exchange, information, influence, and affect. We will image these four dynamic networks of relational types as animated, full-color, multi-dimensional visualizations using virtual reality modeling language. Our visualizations will transcend previous VRML network representations by incorporating several critical new functionalities such as: allowing different dimensions to represent network distances for different relations; introducing the ability to “swap” dimensions and so allowing users to envision networks consisting of more than three relational types; and, intelligently guiding the visualization using known properties of various relational types. Additionally, we will leverage inherent information about how rational, cognitively realistic agents negotiate their interactions subject to the “economy of relations” to both visualize and numerically predict future network states so that decision makers not only observe how the network has changed in the past but how it will change in the future as well.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2408
Cullen Jackson
OSD10-HS5      Awarded:12/7/2010
Title:Adaptive Agents for Real-time Data-driven Visualization & Analysis for Relevant Knowledge (AARDVARK)
Abstract:Current and future non-kinetic operations require U.S. and coalition forces to understand the complex human, social, cultural, and behavioral (HSCB) dimensions of the battlespace. HSCB modeling capabilities aim to improve decision support in these socially complex environments; however, current models’ outputs do not generalize across user communities, operational settings, or multiple HSCB contexts. To address these challenges, Aptima proposes to develop Adaptive Agents for Real-time Data-driven Visualization & Analysis for Relevant Knowledge (AARDVARK)—an application that will support operational users in understanding the results of HSCB models via collaborative data-driven, agent-based visualizations at all levels of operational planning and effects assessment. At the end of Phase II, AARDVARK will be a fully developed visualization capability for translating HSCB model outputs into dynamic, effective visualizations for decision centric environments.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mike Farry
OSD10-HS5      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:A Tool to Represent, Analyze, and Collaborate on Knowledge for HSCB (TRACK-HSCB)
Abstract:Counterinsurgency and counterterrorism missions are an ever-increasing priority for today’s military. These missions could be supported at all echelons by insights from emerging human socio-cultural behavior (HSCB) models. However, there is frequently a disconnect between HSCB models’ outputs, locally generated patrol reports, data from other units, and decisions made at different echelons. HSCB model outputs are also characterized by meta- information (qualifiers such as credibility, accuracy, or level of resolution) that places an additional cognitive burden upon the decision-maker reasoning about alternative courses of action (COAs). To enable warfighters to better exploit the potential benefits of HSCB models, we propose to design and demonstrate a Tool to Represent, Analyze, and Collaborate on Knowledge for HSCB (TRACK-HSCB). Three main components characterize our approach. First, our Manifest Content Analysis Component will analyze entire corpora of text at a time to extract structure from SITREPs and other tactical reports. Second, our Topic Map-Based Visualization Component will unify the data types provided by HSCB models and patrol reports, to provide geospatial, temporal, and correlative views relative to warfighter needs. Third, our Visualization Sharing Component will allow distributed collaborative teams of warfighters to share and manipulate views, supporting joint situation understanding and planning activities.

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
Charles Barba
OSD10-HS5      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:Data Analysis Visualization and INtegrated framework for Cultural Intelligence (DAVINCI)
Abstract:Human Social Cultural Behavioral (HSCB) models and the output data they produce are urgently needed to support a range of operations from counter-terrorism to irregular warfare to Security, Stability, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR). The capability to visualize HSCB model outputs in an effective form is critical to the models’ successful application by diverse end-users. In order to have the full impact on operations, HSCB visualizations must be incorporated into the context on an intelligence system so that they can be used to model the effect of Courses of Action (COAs). CHI Systems is currently developing the CultureMap system for ONR. CultureMap is intended to provide cultural intelligence preparation of the battlefield functionality. CultureMap has been selected for transition and MarineLink integration by the USMC Intelligence Analysis Systems (IAS) Program of Recorded. The proposed effort will seek to leverage the existing CultureMap framework in order to develop a Data Analysis Visualization and INtegrated framework for Cultural Intelligence (DAVINCI). DAVINCI will be developed as a major component of CultureMap to provide visualization tools for HSCB models, data ingestion tools for HSBC model outputs, and services for translating model outputs to decision-support products within the context of a warfighter interface undergoing operational transition.

Pacific Science & Engineering Group, Inc.
9180 Brown Deer Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
Ron Moore
OSD10-HS5      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Visualization Methods and Tools for Human, Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Models
Abstract:Modern warfare takes many forms. A common requirement across this spectrum of conflict is the need to understand and predict combatant and non-combatant goals and actions. OSD directs and oversees the Human Social Culture Behavior Modeling (HSCB) program to develop reliable, validated forecasting/predictive models of human behavior based on social and cultural factors. Unfortunately, many of these models are incomplete, immature, or not integrated. To make the many HSCB models available to todays warfighters more useful and effective, they must be presented in an easy-to-use and understandable way. PSE proposes to develop a single visualization or small set of related visualizations that emphasize the fusion and interrelation of the many stand-alone HSCB models. The proposed research will (a) evaluate and identify current visualization methods that provide insight/utility to the user community, (b) identify existing HSCB models for potential integration opportunities, and (c) develop recommendations for new visualizations to improve planning and decision-making. Pacific Science & Engineering Group (PSE) is uniquely qualified to complete the proposed work by virtue of its previous experience in HCI design and visualization work, its ongoing R&D in support of improved understanding, military planning, and decision making, and its highly skilled and experienced staff.

Tanagram Partners
125 North Halsted Suite 400
Chicago, IL 60661
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 576-1091
Joseph Juhnke
OSD10-HS5      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:Visualization Methods and Tools for Human, Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Models
Abstract:New forms of data visualization require new ways of thinking about data, how we work with it and what we expect from it. A fundamental dissonance exists between computer memory and human experience. This becomes especially apparent when human, social, cultural and behavioral data are being consulted to help find the optimum course of action. Our approach to data is based upon Bloom, a core server structure that stores and retrieves data to create a GeoSocial Asset Management Data System that we call a Collective Memory - Knowledge Base. Bloom will organize individual pieces of data temporally, spatially, relationally and contextually in order to better draw correlations However. This will allow us to take full advantage of new technologies like web standard HTML5 to explore more sophisticated methods of presentation including multiple video screens, wavefields, and augmented reality. Since the data model includes the ability to “tag” physical locations, 100% of a contested area can be mapped and integrated into the system, with possibilities including photo- realistic modeling of the terrain.

Carley Technologies, Inc.
1924 Glen Mitchell Road
Sewickley, PA 15143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 953-8818
Mark Hirsch
OSD10-HS6      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Efficient Construction of Dynamic Meta-Networks
Abstract:Our objective is to enable military analysts to more rapidly produce intelligence results rearding adversarial groups and also diverse types of covert networks, and to improve the quality of the underlying analyses. We focus, initially, on the visual analytics and decision aids needed to improve multi-source data collection, target identification, and impact analysis and to reason about and stay attuned to the level and source of uncertainty and so its impact on analysis, and to assess the incremental value of new intelligence. Our approach utilizes Bayesian analysis for uncertainty assessment, machine learning and statistical techniques for coding and analyzing data, dynamic network agent based models and statistical reasoning to identify points where additional data collection are needed. We leverage the existing AutoMap and *ORA, and supplement these with GUI’s designed for the warfighter and military analyst and based on workflows identified by working directly with military intelligence officers. To reduce time from data collection to decision we employ mission driven model refinement, uncertainty tracking, DIME/PMESII and adversarial ontologies, visualization and menu driven data entry, and make use of novel data collection and information collection technology such as crowd sourcing and cell-phones.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Sam Mahoney
OSD10-HS6      Awarded:11/5/2010
Title:A Semi-Automated Interpretation-Based Network Construction Tool (SINC-Tool)
Abstract:While existing tools such as Carnegie Mellon’s Organizational Risk Assessment (ORA) system provide ways to conduct rapid meta-data social network analysis by automatically extracting information from data and performing predictive analysis, purely automated approaches to network construction suffer from several key functional deficits: they often ingest intelligence into a limited set of data representations and do not cope with uncertainty; they do not prioritize automated output based the operational needs of the user for actionable intelligence; and they leave the end user without a way to properly influence the structure and value of additions to social networks. To support rapid meta-data social network construction through machine-assisted interpretation of intelligence, we propose to design and demonstrate a Semi-Automated Interpretation-Based Network Construction Tool (SINC- Tool). This effort can be summarized in three major thrusts: we will design and demonstrate a novel computational knowledge representation to capture interpretations with inherent uncertainty; we will demonstrate a prioritization calculation that enables the efficient organization and rapid selection of interpreted information based on the Analyst’s operational mission; and we will perform a work domain analysis and design a software tool to support semi-automated intelligence interpretation that can interface to existing social network analysis software.

Fetch Technologies
841 Apollo Street Suite 400
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 414-9849
Sofus A. Macskassy
OSD10-HS6      Awarded:11/5/2010
Title:AutoNet: Rapid and Automatic Social Network Creation from Disparate Data Sources
Abstract:Here we propose to develop technologies which automatically generates a social network by analyzing incoming data feeds, integrating the data around the entities and (semi- )automatically generate the relations between the entities. Because the saliency of a network is critical for important intelligence products where people are on the line, we envision that the creation of a social network be done with a human-in-the-loop, where the computer does the hard analytic lifting and the human directs the kinds of relations to look for and verifies that the relations are indeed correct before sending the network on for network analysis. We propose to investigate two key technologies which directly relate to this SBIR topic: (1) automatic extraction of relations from multiple disparate information feeds, and (2) workflows for rapid definition, creation, modification and extraction of relations. Both of these are critical pieces which are needed in order to speed up the creation of social networks for network analytics in intelligence products.

Altusys Corp
P O Box 1274
Princeton, NJ 08542
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 651-4500
Foster McGeary
OSD10-HS7      Awarded:11/1/2010
Title:Analytical Tools for Local Economic Analysis
Abstract:Altusys will develop an analytical tool to enable Marines or Soldiers at the company or lower level to assess local economic conditions and develop courses of action to impact the economy. Presuming that rapid re-employment of the host-country civilian labor force and rapid repair of the infrastructure contribute to stability, the project addresses itself to the immediate post-combat infrastructure repair projects available to local commanders acting autonomously. Altusys will identify the minimal additional training needed to provide personnel with the skills to collect simple measures to support a Provisional Economic Analysis that is Rapid and Local (PEARL). Relying on pre-existing Department of Defense doctrine regarding “how to do,” the analytical tools developed would identify ”what to do” as a short list of projects likely to provide economically and politically successful local economy improvements. Algorithms applied to templates for standard kinds of infrastructure projects will identify projects that can be done “now” with the resources available “now” for a “now” that is revealed upon real time, post-combat, inspection and measurement of the area of responsibility. Altusys’ breadth of experience will ensure that economic and anthropological inputs are tempered by the experience of veterans of real stabilization operations.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2428
William Salter
OSD10-HS7      Awarded:10/29/2010
Title:Analyzing the Stability of Social and Economic Systems – ASSESS
Abstract:Over the past several years the military’s focus has shifted from a standard, kinetic approach to much more complex missions, stressing counter-insurgency (COIN) and Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction, as made clear in DoD Instruction 3000-05: “Stability operations are a core U.S. military mission that the Department of Defense shall be prepared to conduct with proficiency equivalent to combat operations.” These new mission types shape strategy, operations, and tactics, and affect decisions at every echelon of command, at geographic scales from regions and countries to provinces and villages, and at time scales from minutes and hours to months. As well as driving changes in strategic planning, TTPs, training, and the like, this shift significantly complicates information collection for intelligence, planning, and other purposes. With increasing experience, coalition forces are finding that effective COIN and related missions must be sustainable and focus on local populations. Determining and executing sustainable local economic development projects present challenges both in data collection and analysis and in community engagement. Aptima and its subcontractor, Creative Associates International, propose to build ASSESS – Analyzing the Stability of Social and Economic Systems – to address data collection needs by explicitly embedding data collection in a larger community engagement context.

Archinoetics, LLC
700 Bishop St. Suite 2000
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 585-7439
Hunter Downs
OSD10-HS7      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Analytical Tools for Local Economic Analysis
Abstract:Measuring economic progress in conflict and post-conflict regions is notoriously difficult. Yet, these measurements are critical for Stability, Security, Transition and Reconstruction (SSTR), which in turn is crucial for counter-insurgency. A myriad of problems plague the measurement of economic activity in such regions (e.g., corruption, lack of data, uncooperative governments, and safety issues). Since, conflict and post-conflict regions provide few reliable indicators of economic activity it is often unclear whether the flow of foreign aid money is truly being funneled effectively for SSTR purposes. This proposal presents a two-pronged solution to index and understand economic activity in conflict and post-conflict regions. Development of a composite indexing system for economic activity will be based on both feasible economic indicators, and on a tested methodology to measure human behavior. These composite measures allow us to develop dynamic and stable indices using tools such as factor analyses and system dynamics. These tools will be integrated into a software and data collection device that simplifies economic indexing in the field and has the potential to gauge both formal and informal (black) markets in conflict and post-conflict regions.

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
James Stokes
OSD10-HS7      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:The CMO Tracker: A system of analytical tools to assess local economic conditions.
Abstract:CHI Systems proposes an innovative system of analytical tools to assess the local economic conditions. The goal of our system would be to allow the Marine/Soldier to assess the current local economic status by identifying economic infrastructure, recognizing power brokers and their relationship to other entities in the Area of Operation, and tracking economic changes overtime to better understand and predict how to support economic development in the future. The underlying purpose of this analytical module is to provide the Marine/Soldier with simple and easy to use tools that will assist them in assessing changes in their local economy in a way that enables them to make sound and informed decisions when determining an appropriate course of action. In many developing countries, such as Afghanistan, where data availability and analytical ability is limited, these straightforward methods and tools can become powerful decision-making aids for local planners and analysts due to their comparatively simple logic, analytic clarity and easily accessible data requirements.

eCrossCulture
1540 Columbine Avenue
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 544-1978
Mark Yager
OSD10-HS7      Awarded:11/8/2010
Title:Analytical Tools for Local Economic Analysis
Abstract:We propose to develop a tool which enables Marines and Soldiers to assess local economic conditions and develop courses of action to positively impact the economy. Several innovations are: semi-automated techniques to identify key economic components; automated methods which tell service members what, who, where, when, and how to gather data; rapid data intake; sophisticated analysis which integrates situational factors, service members’ field data, and state-of-the-art models to recommend courses of action and estimate second and third order effects. We emphasize that our approach does not require much data. Useful recommendations are obtainable within a few minutes of data entry. However, the tool increases specificity and usefulness as more data is entered. With full input, the system can recommend: who to obtain data from; what questions to ask and when to ask them; and how to administer specific economic interventions. It is oriented towards service members without college degrees and requires less than 2 hours of training.

Alelo TLT, LLC
12910 Culver Boulevard Suite J
Los Angeles, CA 90066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 574-7500
W. Lewis Johnson
OSD10-HS8      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:An Immersive Intercultural Trainer that Adapts to Trainees’ Intercultural Competence
Abstract:We propose to develop a cultural training virtual environment that enables trainees to develop and practice their intercultural skills. It will enable trainees to enter the virtual environment multiple times, and explore the effects of their cultural actions on the local population. The level of the difficulty of the training environment will be controllable, both the cultural environment and the cultural sensitivity of the virtual role players. Alelo has extensive experience in creating immersive cultural training environments. We propose to team with Electrical Geodesics (EGI) to incorporate neurometric sensors and processing, in order to meet the objectives of this solicitation. To accomplish the goals of this solicitation, we plan to leverage an existing language and culture training environment, namely Virtual Role Players (VRP). Following the work of the Defense Regional and Cultural Capabilities Assessment Working Group (RACCA WG), we will model cultural aptitude as a combination of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. We will train all three aspects within the context of the immersive trainer.We will extend the VRP architecture to incorporate simulated populations, and address varying levels of training difficulty.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6118
MIchael Keeney
OSD10-HS8      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Adaptive CUltural Training Engine (ACUTE)
Abstract:American foreign policy objectives face counter-insurgency and unconventional warfare, presenting foals of securing loyalty of citizens rather than destroying enemy war making capability. Non-kinetic operations characteristic of this warfare require proficiency in interacting with members of local populations. Current training alternatives cannot train sufficient numbers of warfighters, teach only one-on-one interactions, or emphasize kinetic alternatives. To address these shortcomings, the team will build ACUTE (Adaptive CUltural Training Engine). The ACUTE virtual environment training system will employ sound pedagogical principles, a rigorous analysis of warfighter training needs and critical cross- cultural factors, and proven training technology. ACUTE will enable warfighters to practice language and cultural skills and experience how appropriate and inappropriate interactions affect local opinions and perceptions and how interactions with a single actor influence the attitudes and actions of others. In addition, it will leverage both proven (system based) and innovative (neuro-physiological measures) to provide feedback to trainees and to assist in the adaptation of the scenario to maintain an optimal degree of challenge. Specific learning goals for Phase I will focus on communications, helping warfighters to send indicators of competence and mutual respect, and obtaining cooperation despite cultural differences.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Brad Rosenberg
OSD10-HS8      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Immersive Persistent World for Adaptive Cultural Training (IMPACT)
Abstract:The changing landscape of modern warfare has put a premium on individuals and small teams, operating independently, to function efficiently in settings that require cultural awareness. Without proper training, unit tactical effectiveness and resulting mission operational effectiveness weaken. Simulation-based training using virtual environments is rapidly becoming a key enabling technology within the defense community for warfighters to practice language and cultural skills. However, current cultural trainers are limited in several critical areas: failing to incorporate contextual models of the population, serving isolated interactions that do not persist, expensive to construct and slow to adapt, and lacking a tailored training capability. To enrich cultural training with an adaptive virtual environment, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of tools for an IMmersive Persistent world for Adaptive Cultural Training (IMPACT). IMPACT provides tools for adaptive cultural training of warfighters, embedding trainees in a persistent virtual environment filled with adaptive characters modeled at various levels of resolution and dynamically adjusting difficulty based on neurocognitive measures. Our approach builds on our existing cultural training tools, already demonstrated in high-profile events, adding an adaptive capability based on social science theories to allow trainees to see the impact of their actions on the local populace.

Discovery Machine Incorporated
454 Pine Street Suite 1C
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 329-0251
Todd W. Griffith
OSD10-HS8      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Adaptive Cultural Training Immersive Virtual Environment (ACTIVE)
Abstract:Gaming technology, specifically 3D immersive games have established themselves as effective training tools for the military in recent years. Recent work in Human Terrain Systems and the emergence of the Human, Social, Cultural and Behavior (HSCB) modeling program present an additional opportunity to leverage 3D immersive environments for intercultural readiness training. The problem with these systems is that they are extremely difficult to build and are not dynamic enough to challenge trainees based on their cognitive state. It requires an enormous amount of development time to create a system that can effectively imitate the visual, cultural and behavioral environment which the trainee will encounter in the real world. As such, these training environments are fairly static in the kind of scenarios a trainee can encounter. Discovery Machine with support from our partners Northrop Grumman and Advanced Brain Monitoring is proposing to produce a significantly more dynamic immersive training technology called the Adaptive Cultural Training Immersive Virtual Environment (ACTIVE). ACTIVE shall enable interaction with non-player characters based on information obtained from subject matter experts as well as data obtained through social network models and biofeedback technologies.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 327-8000
Michael van Lent
OSD10-HS8      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:An Adaptive Cultural Trainer for Development of Cultural Aptitude in Warfighters
Abstract:Current conflicts increasingly require the military to win the support the local population and this starts by understanding their environment and building relationships with them. In this proposal, the team of SoarTech, Vcom3D and Proxima Intercultural propose a novel training architecture in which warfighters can learn how to use face-to-face interaction as a tool to produce population level effects. This architecture, the Population-based Adaptive Cultural Trainer (PACT), integrates our prior work in cultural behavior architectures (including face- to-face interaction and population modeling) and pedagogical experience manipulation and will provide a training system in which interactions with local populations affect shifts in local opinion, perception, movement, and so forth and in which the scenario adjusts in difficulty based in part on neural/physiological sensors to keep players motivated, interested, and at an optimal learning level.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2453
Nathan Schurr
OSD10-HS9      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:ADEPT: Advancing the Development and Empowering those Poor in Technology
Abstract:The richness of technology in our society has resulted in an unprecedented ability for us to understand, model and leverage our social networks. The goal of this project is to bring the same functionality and advantages to technology-poor societies and empower them with a twitter-like, facebook-like, even internet-like capability. Aptima, Inc. and Professor Alex “Sandy” Pentland from MIT propose to team and develop both a methodology and cell phone application to enable those with limited technology to leverage existing, massive and dynamic social networks. The project, entitled Advancing the Development and Empowering those Poor in Technology (ADEPT) will: 1. sense the evolving network through distributed agents 2. leverage the existing social network of individuals and cell phones to locate resources and form ad hoc teams in a distributed manner and 3. increase robustness of the network by introducing fault tolerant traffic and mechanism design to increase adoption. ADEPT will be beneficial, not only to the technology-poor themselves, but will also reduce the burden on both the military and civil organizations that are charged with helping build and exploit these networks around the world during Phases 4 (stabilizing) and 5 (enabling civil authority) in times of crisis and nation-building.

eCrossCulture
1540 Columbine Avenue
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 544-1978
Mark Yager
OSD10-HS9      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Innovative Communications System to Undermine an Insurgency
Abstract:This is an exciting opportunity to develop technology which enables effective governance in disrupted societies. The key concepts described are to 1) enable bi-directional communications between a local populace and its leaders and 2) use these communications to monitor social networks. We will address technological challenges, motivating the citizenry, and motivating the emergent government. The Phase I goal is to develop a situation independent, culture-general communications design. Ultimately, this approach will lead to more rapid incorporation of effective civil authority and faster transition of control from U.S. or international organizations to local governments.

Clear Hat Consulting, Inc.
1207 Cole Rd.
Orlando, FL 32803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 896-7010
Sherri Sparks
OSD10-IA1      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Countermeasures to Malicious Hardware to Improve Software Protection Systems
Abstract:Security concerns are driving the research and development of innovative techniques designed to detect, prevent, and respond to sophisticated threats in COTS hardware and firmware components. Because of the size and breadth of the attack surface, Clear Hat proposes to limit the scope of their research for this Phase I effort to malicious firmware alterations on disk based storage devices. To date, there has been very little published research evaluating the feasibility, technical implementation, capabilities, and security implications of malicious disk firmware. This is likely due to a lack of publically available documentation about the internal architecture of disk devices as well as a lack of access to functional test cases (e.g. malicious hardware / firmware samples). Clear Hat proposes to take a “hands on” approach to the problem. Using state of the art disk analysis and recovery hardware, Clear Hat will first approach the problem from an offensive angle by attempting to design a disk based Trojan to determine the “real world” capabilities such a trojan would possess. Once these are understood, we will focus on our primary objective of determining the types of practical defenses that are likely to be the most effective against disk based attacks.

Computer Measurement Laboratory, Inc.
128 E Pine Avenue
Meridian, ID 83642
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 884-2138
Jack Meador
OSD10-IA1      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:A Proactive Countermeasure to Harden Integrated Circuits Against Exploitation
Abstract:We propose to implement a novel countermeasure against the exploitation of integrated circuit hardware. The proposed countermeasure is applicable to both FPGAs and ASICs, increases design obfuscation and promises to block embedded hardware exploits. It also is fully compatible with virtually any other hardware exploit countermeasure and reduces forensic costs when exploits are suspected. The proposed approach is expected to be highly effective against a broad class of functional and firmware Trojans. The approach is also general enough to be effective against virtually any type of logical triggering mechanism. The CML PCI-CARMA software protection system will be used to demonstrate the principles of the proposed approach. PCI-CARMA employs FPGA-based COTS hardware, so it stands to directly benefit from the application of the proposed countermeasure. For Phase I, CML will first demonstrate hardware Trojan injection into a PCI-CARMA design. The proposed countermeasure will then be applied and its effectiveness against Trojan injection will be characterized in terms of invasiveness, false positive and false negative rates and its ability to detect small Trojans. The relative costs and benefits of the proposed approach will also be evaluated.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7175
David Burke
OSD10-IA1      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Winning the 'Race to the Bottom' by Changing the Rules: Inhibiting Malicious Hardware Activation through Attack Incompatibility
Abstract:Many hardware trojans depend on (a) the ability of an attacker to have an accurate model of the target system and of key software used on that system and (b) identification of one or more deterministic trigger conditions with low observability (i.e., conditions that evade detection by traditional scan- or ATPG-based testing methodologies but that can be exercised on demand via external stimuli). We call this class of trojans deterministic, externally-triggered (DET) trojans. This work introduces a class of software-based general purpose countermeasures to the DET class of trojans. We propose a set of tools by which the software engineer can transform the source code of system & application software to automatically obfuscate communication channels. The tools take as input two things: (a) the source code of communicating software components, and (b) a specification of obfuscating transformations on the communication; from these is generated the transformed source code. The resulting system does not adhere to the behavioral model assumed when building the trojan. Thus an adversary's assault is rendered less effective via "attack incompatibility": trigger conditions have been altered such that the malicious behavior cannot be reliably instigated.

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Cody Buntain
OSD10-IA1      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Imbuing Trust in Untrusted Hardware to Improve Protections
Abstract:The Pikewerks InTrust system is a two-stage system designed to detect malicious implants or alterations in COTS hardware and firmware. It is meant to be used during both the integration/pre-deployment and the deployment stages to first establish trust and then maintain that trust during fielding. The pre-deployment test platform will make use of invasive testing and analysis techniques to ensure no unauthorized information leakage is occurring or embedded malware exists. Since many of these tests are heuristic-based and a number of malicious hardware modifications may have zero footprint until activation, however, it is possible that some alterations or implants will get past the pre-deployment analysis. As such, InTrust's second stage hardware sensors and firmware analysis mechanisms are designed to be embedded into fielded COTS platforms to detect tamper, attempts at modification, and the side effects of a triggered alteration. Further, once a tamper or modification attempt is detected, InTrust employs the Malicious Hardware Shield (MHS) to seal off regions of memory from direct access from unauthorized devices. InTrust can then integrate with existing Pikewerks environmental key generation to prevent unauthorized exposure of CPI/CT.

Smart Systems Technologies Incorporated
9155 East 146th Street
Noblesville, IN 46060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 458-4266
Michael Knieser
OSD10-IA1      Awarded:11/17/2010
Title:Countermeasures to Malicious Hardware to Improve Software Protection Systems
Abstract:Malicious alterations of COTS circuits poses major concern in terms of their reliable and trusted field operation. It is extremely difficult to discover such alterations, also referred to as “hardware Trojans” using conventional structural or functional testing strategies. In this proposal, we propose a novel non-invasive, multiple parameter side-channel analysis based Trojan detection approach that is capable of detecting malicious hardware modifications in the presence of large process variation induced noise. We exploit the intrinsic relationship between dynamic current (IDDT) and maximum operating frequency (Fmax) of a circuit to distinguish the effect of a Trojan from process induced fluctuations in IDDT. We propose a vector generation approach for IDDT measurement that can improve the Trojan detection sensitivity for arbitrary Trojan instances. Similar prior work shows results with two large circuits, a 32-bit integer execution unit (IEU) and a 128-bit Advanced Encryption System (AES) cipher, show a detection resolution of 0.04% can be achieved in presence of ±20% parameter (Vth) variations. The proposed new approach will be validated with experimental results using 120nm FPGA (Xilinx Virtex-II) chips and COTS logic devices.

Assured Information Security, Inc.
245 Hill Road
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 336-3306
Eric Thayer
OSD10-IA2      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:Untrusted Data Inspection Capability
Abstract:Current processes for transporting electronic files across security domains limit the allowable file formats to a small, well-recognized set. The introduction of physical media into or out of secure areas requires manual analyses and multiple diagnostic scans. With the pace of innovation in information formats and the volume of data that is shared across such environments increasing every day, these scanning processes have become a barrier to productivity and a risk to security. In response to this situation, AIS, Inc., proposes an innovative technique that could expedite the inspection of digital media for cross-domain security policy violations. The Untrusted Data Inspection Capability (UDIC) will perform automated processing of complex file formats and data in such a way that complex (perhaps compressed) file formats can be inspected in a more secure, reliable, and efficient fashion.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Robert Joyce
OSD10-IA2      Awarded:3/29/2011
Title:MediaGuardian: Physical Media Inspection for Secured Facilities
Abstract:Physical media, such as USB thumb drives, CDs, and DVDs, are vital for data interchange in DoD facilities and across domain or organization boundaries. At the same time, these devices are a growing vector for malware and information leakage. Outright banning of physical media slows legitimate business activity, especially in research-focused facilities, and leads to time loss and potentially dangerous workarounds. ATC-NY will develop MediaGuardian, a device stationed at entrances and exits to secure facilities that autonomously detects malicious code and information leaks on portable physical media, thereby thwarting potential attacks and the exfiltration of sensitive data. MediaGuardian combines existing and novel tools in innovative ways to solve problems not addressed by simple virus scanners or cross-domain guard technologies.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4756
Sendil Rangaswamy
OSD10-IA2      Awarded:12/1/2010
Title:Efficient Real-time Resource Allocation (ERRA) Co-processor
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), with its partner University of Central Florida (UCF), propose to design, develop, and test an Efficient Real-time Resource Allocation (ERRA) co- processor. The optimized efficient resource allocation by ERRA co-processors is critical in decision-making process in mini-mobile platforms as events unfold in the field. This allows for intelligent decisions in the field during events even if the devices are overloaded with data bursts. The key innovations in the novel ERRA co-processor are: (1) high performance innovative co-processor architecture for simplex optimization, change point detection, and adaptive filtering that uses very less power to identify potentially important data, (2) optimal execution to achieve requisite performance with minimal power consumption that is critical for mobile platforms by efficient binding and freeing up of resources, (3) out-of-band secure execution of critical algorithms for collective processing in burst conditions, (4) innovative distributed processing: if the data identified to be processed is important and if the main processor is overloaded the next important data is processed in a neighbor processor after preempting its process, (5) optimized run time speedup in shared, distributed and hybrid memory conditions, and (6) scale up functionality for current and future mini mobile platforms architectures.

Altusys Corp
P O Box 1274
Princeton, NJ 08542
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 651-4500
Khushboo Shah
OSD10-IA3      Awarded:1/19/2011
Title:Robust and Efficient Anti-Phishing Techniques
Abstract:This proposal details an ambitious effort to develop Hybrid Phishing Protection System (HPPS). HPPS is a novel heuristics-based protection system that employs three lines of defenses to provide automatic, high-accuracy, and low-latency phishing identifica

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Hajime Inoue
OSD10-IA3      Awarded:1/19/2011
Title:LureID: A Scalable, Highly Accurate Anti-Phishing Filter
Abstract:Phishing is an increasing danger to the military and other organizations that must prevent information leakage. Targeted phishing (spear-phishing) and even regular phishing attempts evade regular spam detectors because phishing attacks are designed to loo

Pikewerks Corporation
105 A Church Street
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-0010
Nathan Cantelmo
OSD10-IA3      Awarded:1/25/2011
Title:Angler: Phishing Prevention and Defense Framework
Abstract:Criminal organizations, self-interested individuals, and many foreign militaries employ email-based attacks, referred to as phishing attacks, to deceive individuals into unwittingly divulging private, personal, sensitive, or proprietary information. One of the primary weaknesses in today’s anti-phishing technology is its reliance on server-side protection mechanisms. Because a phishing email containing a malicious document or link can be made to appear identical to a valid source, relying solely on catching phishing attacks at the server boundary is inadequate. Instead, Pikewerks proposes the multi-tiered Angler, a three- stage, automated system for preventing and protecting against phishing and spear phishing attacks across a much broader spectrum of user/email interaction.

Wombat Security Technologies
4620 Henry St, Third Floor
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 621-1484
Kurt Wescoe
OSD10-IA3      Awarded:2/2/2011
Title:Robust and Efficient Anti-Phishing Techniques
Abstract:Phishing attacks fool end-users into disclosing sensitive information (e.g., passwords, trade secrets, and national security secrets) or installing malware on their computers. While a number of automated solutions have been developed to mitigate these attacks, these solutions have drawbacks in terms of scalability, timeliness, and accuracy. Our goal is to develop novel anti-phishing email and web filtering techniques that overcome these limitations and dramatically improve the state of the art. Our work will combine two new technologies originally developed at Carnegie Mellon University, as well as novel linguistic analysis techniques. These technologies will make it possible to deploy email and web filtering solutions that exhibit considerably higher levels of accuracy than today’s solutions in a manner that is highly scalable and effective against zero-hour attacks. We have three key objectives for this Phase I effort: (1) evaluating system architectures that integrate our existing anti-phishing technologies in a way that is highly accurate, timely, and scalable both for the web and for email; (2) developing and evaluating natural language processing techniques that detect both spear-phishing and “reply-to” emails; (3) refining go-to-market strategies for these filters, in terms of deployment options and business models.

RAM Laboratories, Inc.
6725 Mesa Ridge Road Suite 202
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 677-9207
Dean Mumme
OSD10-IA4      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Preventing Sensitive Information and Malicious Traffic from Leaving Computers
Abstract:The Phase I effort proposes to address the problem of unauthorized and surreptitious data exfiltration, from cyber network nodes, of sensitive data by malware, and specifically rootkits. The proposed solution takes advantage of virtualization technology and exploits the synergies of in-VM and out-of-VM security mechanisms. The architecture employs a hypervisor that supplies an Untrusted VM or “guest VM” that hosts the user’s OS and web-interface functionalities. A separate, “Trusted VM” houses a hidden address space that contains the executable files and cyber assets that implement the in-VM mechanisms. The in-VM mechanisms form a layered defense by providing three primary modes of protection. These are: (1) correlation of data exfiltration with user and application activity, flagging exfiltrations having no such correlation, (2) performing rootkit detection and (3) key logger detection. The out-of-VM security entails the isolation of these mechanisms within a Trusted VM or an address space hidden from the guest VM. The Trusted VM operates at a higher privilege level than the guest VM’s OS, giving the advantage over malware. The solution is to have a modular architecture for extend-ability, scalability, and interoperability. It supports flexible security configuration via a graphical Administrator interface for specification of security policy.

Secure Command, LLC
3975 University Drive, Suite 460
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 340-6569
Anup K. Ghosh
OSD10-IA4      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Enforcing Hardware-Assisted Integrity for Secure Transactions from Commodity Operating Systems
Abstract:In recent years, there has been an increased reliance on personal computers for our everyday activities. Indeed, services including banking, news, email communication, business arrangements can be accomplished from the comfort of one’s home. Unfortunately

Security Axioms, Inc.
3223 Windsor Lake Drive
Atlanta, GA 30319
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 808-5172
Wenke Lee
OSD10-IA4      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Gyrus: Preventing Sensitive Information and Malicious Traffic from Leaving Computers
Abstract:Existing security technologies such as firewalls, anti-virus, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and botnet detection systems fail or have a significant capability gap in detecting and stopping malicious traffic, particularly where it is disguise

Siege Technologies, LLC
33 South Commercial Street
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 373-7596
Joseph Sharkey
OSD10-IA4      Awarded:1/14/2011
Title:Preventing Sensitive Information and Malicious Traffic from Leaving Computers
Abstract:Malicious software within a network has the ability to gather information and surreptitiously send it out. This poses a significant threat to critical information residing on the network that is not sufficiently prevented by current network security appli

HarmonoLogic LLC
20532 Amie Ave
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 694-6578
Yunping Yang
OSD10-IA5      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Biometric-based Computer Authentication System during Mission Oriented Protective Posture Scenarios (BioCOPS)
Abstract:To address OSD/DARPA's need for a biometric-based approach to automatically authenticating a user in full Military Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Level IV gear to a network/host, HarmonoLogic LLC proposes to develop a new Biometric-based Computer Authentication System during MOPP Scenarios (BioCOPS). BioCOPS is based on high- sensitivity, high-specificity multimodal biometrics for secure authentication. BioCOPS's synergistic and seamless fusion of human scent and heartbeat-based biometrics results in a truly 3-factor strong authentication with provable and non-repudiable identification of 100% identity. It requires no active interactions from users, enabling all-time (100% of the time) automatic authentication under MOPP scenarios. Advanced Encryption Standard encryption renders BioCOPS secure wireless communications. The fieldable, rugged, low-power, compact and lightweight BioCOPS system (< 10 mW, < 2 × 1 × 0.5 cm, < 100g) is non- intrusive and easy to use for the warfighter in MOPP Level IV gear. Due to its manufacturability and use of commercial off-the-Shelf (COTS) components, the BioCOPS system is cost-effective ( < $20 for mass production). In Phase I HarmonoLogic will demonstrate the feasibility of BioCOPS technology by fabricating and testing a TRL-4 prototype. In Phase II we plan to refine the technology and fabricate an integrated TRL-5 BioCOPS prototype.

Li Creative Technologies
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 07932
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 822-0377
Bozhou Tan
OSD10-IA5      Awarded:3/1/2011
Title:Biometric-based Computer Authentication during Mission Oriented Protective Posture Scenarios
Abstract:Military Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) gear level IV is the most protective full- protection chemical protective gear for warfighters against chemical and biological threats. However, it is the most encumbered and inhibiting to the warfighter’s movement, visual horizon, and finger dexterity. Here, we propose a novel and continuous biometric-based system that provides a warfighter, in full protective MOPP gear, the ability to walk up to the networked computer host and be automatically authenticated into the machine. Our proposed system is to use a small, portable, and non-intrusive device, which has the functionalities of three-factor authentication, including “something we know”, “something we have” and “something we are”, respectively. The novelty and uniqueness of our proposed system are as follows: First, it utilizes three-factor authentication approach which is more difficult to compromise than single-factor methods and guarantee the security level when accessing the network or host computer; Second, it employs a new concept of continuous biometrics approach, that is to verify a person based on human scent (odor), EEG/ECG, which guarantees minimum interaction of the warfighter and makes the authentication communication simple to use. Third, we propose multimodal biometrics fusion approaches which guarantees improved overall performance.

Linea Research Corporation
1020 Corporation Way
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 533-9546
Yong Lee
OSD10-IA5      Awarded:3/3/2011
Title:Biometrics-Based Continuous Authentication for MOPP
Abstract:During operations where exposure to chemical and biological threats is expected, warfighters will need to wear Military Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) suits. To allow the warfighters secure and efficient access to networked workstations, a method of continuously authenticating the warfighter in a MOPP suit is needed. In the proposed program, we will develop a wearable device that continuously obtains biometric data from the wearer to authenticate access to a workstation. The wearable biometric device communicates with a base station through a radio frequency link that has a range limited to the immediate vicinity of the workstation. Upon initial enrollment of the biometric authentication device, the user is able to simply walk up to a workstation enabled with a base station to be authenticated for access. The wearable device will be designed to operate for extended periods on a small battery. The proposed work is based on Linea’s work on physiological monitoring and on short range nearfield communications.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
David Siu
OSD10-IA5      Awarded:2/19/2011
Title:Biometric-based Computer Authentication during Mission Oriented Protective Posture Scenarios
Abstract:Military Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) gear consists of rubber boots, gloves, gas mask, hood and carbon-filter suit used to protect the warfighter from nuclear, biological, and chemical attacks. While necessary, MOPP gear is cumbersome and uncomfortable. Tasks requiring significant situational awareness or manual dexterity such as typing on a computer keyboard become extremely difficult due to the thick gloves and reduced vision from the gas mask. This combined with the stress of the battlefield can make the simple task of typing a password, extremely difficult. Oceanit proposes to rectify this problem by designing an innovative 3 factor authentication system that will provide an easy-to-use, highly secure, highly accurate system for warfighters encumbered in level IV gear.

SED Technology LLC
5410 Colchester Meadow Lane
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 278-9322
Francine Prokoski
OSD10-IA5      Awarded:1/26/2011
Title:Biometric-based Computer Authentication during Mission Oriented Protective Posture Scenarios
Abstract:SED Technology LLC proposes a feasibility study to determine if the proposed theory that IR can potentially answer the requirement of providing a 3-factor authentication capability. The proposed capability will allow continuous identification and can interact with computers on a periodic or on request basis to validate the identity of the soldier in MOPP 4 with no interference with mission accomplishment or violating security. The proposed concept has a degree of technical risk. However, this risk is mitigated by the Principal Investigator, Dr. Francine Prokoski’s decades of experience in analyzing human identification using Infrared technology. This collective team will provide DoD with a high probability of a successful SBIR that will result in a capability to validate personnel identity even when dressed in full MOPP 4 gear.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2490
Andrew Duchon
OSD10-L01      Awarded:6/1/2011
Title:CASHNET: Conceptual and Social Human Networks Evolving in Time
Abstract:The focus of the military has shifted to much more complex missions, stressing counter- insurgency (COIN), and Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations, and Humanitarian Aid/Disaster Relief (HADR). The accompanying intelligence apparatus must therefore be able to answer fundamental questions about the people we are trying to protect and persuade which requires knowledge about these environments and relationships, which may be buried in a vast amount of textual information. Building on Aptima’s existing language processing capabilities, a new tool, CASHNET (Conceptual and Social Human Networks Evolving in Time) will extract novel relationships between entities and concepts from text data. Rather than simply relying on standard entity extraction technology that captures only well-defined relationships between people, CASHNET will examine conceptual links to identify entities that may have similar preferences, attitudes, or needs, as well as relationships between people, concepts, and locations. This will allow for a broader construction of conceptual and social networks that can uncover linkages that would be missed by technologies that assume physical or structured interactions between entities. CASHNET will also display these relationships visually and be able to forecast how they might evolve over time.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Timothy Darr
OSD10-L01      Awarded:3/29/2011
Title:Multi-Source Network Pulse Analyzer and Correlator (MinPAC)
Abstract:Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) proposes to develop, build and validate a Multi- Source Network Pulse Analyzer and Correlator (MiNPAC) that is capable of: (a) sensing emerging themes, trends and patterns of beliefs, sentiments, rhetoric, etc., from multi- source data covering large social networks, and (b) correlating it with structural and behavioral dynamics within the same or related social networks. The key innovations are: (i) knowledge engineering methods to create a state spaced characterization based upon an array of demographic, behavioral, psycho-social and organizational indicators, (ii) research and development of a network pulse monitor that discovers themes and topics, and characterizes the sentiments of the community with relation to the discovered topics & themes, (iii) research and development of a methods to efficient extract social network dynamics, (iv) A formal framework for studying and reasoning with network behavior– that is applicable for any social network, and (v) Multi-Source Network Pulse Analyzer and Correlator (MiNPAC) prototype that integrates these approaches, and (vi) Empirical validation of these approaches based upon historical case studies.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
OSD10-L01      Awarded:6/18/2011
Title:Knowledge Extraction for Prediction and Visualization of Terrorist Networks (PVTN)
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a system for Knowledge Extraction for Prediction and Visualization of Terrorist Networks (PVTN). The PVTN system will provide tools to discover, extract and display trends in the evolution of terrorist networks as an aid to the tactical decision maker. We propose a three-pronged strategy to assist tactical decision makers in extracting critical concepts and understanding the temporal dynamics of terrorist behavior patterns and organizations: The first feature involves a multi-dimensional animated visualization of the terrorist network which will emphasize visually the temporal elements in terrorist behaviors, interactions, and organizational dynamics. The second feature involves consensus analysis of databases to identify emergent sub-networks and sub-groups and thus to target the emergence and diffusion of new concepts for terrorist activities. The third feature involves leveraging the economy of relations to predict the future state of the terrorist network and thus to predict shifts in terrorist organizations. We also propose to integrate the PVTN tools with a comprehensive decision analysis system in order to: create an end-to-end support system for superior tactical decisions, and provide practical working software framework and proven user interface for rapidly placing the PVTN tools in the hand of tactical decision makers.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Avi Pfeffer
OSD10-L02      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Network Extraction and Resolution System (NEaRS)
Abstract:The increasingly asymmetric nature of U.S. military operations has resulted in a need for Warfighters to understand the “human terrain” in which they operate. To support tactical decision-making, a social network should be constructed from the widest array of available intelligence sources, such as TIGR, BAT/HIIDES, and OSINT. Producing the social network from this variety of sources presents two major challenges: First, these sources use a number of different formats and modalities, are often unstructured or poorly formatted, and do not share a common representation. Second, the sources each individually provide noisy and partial information, which must be combined with information from other sources to produce a common picture. To address these challenges, Charles River Analytics proposes a Network Extraction and Resolution System (NEaRS) that will use multi-source graph resolution (MSGR) to estimate the true social network from noisy observations from multiple sources. MSGR will build on insights from statistical relational learning to model uncertainty in the sources, use relational information, and fuse information from diverse sources, while scaling to large networks. We will also extend MSGR to dynamic graph resolution to allow the social network estimate to adapt to dynamic developments.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 682-1728
Jack Davenport
OSD10-L02      Awarded:2/10/2011
Title:Social Network Analysis Realization and Exploitation (SNARE)
Abstract:Tactical Warfighters demand rapid information fusion capabilities to develop and maintain accurate situational awareness and understanding of dynamic enemy threats in asymmetric military operations. The ability to extract meaning in relationships between people, objects, and locations from a variety of text and multi-source datasets is critical to proactive decision making at the Brigade and below level. The Social Network Analysis Realization and Exploitation (SNARE) approach to social network modeling provides three major advantages to current methods: 1) Automates the construction of detailed multi-mode social networks, 2) Models entities as complex systems of attributes, and probabilistic rules that can accommodate uncertainty and incompleteness in the source data, and 3) Provides automated support for reasoning about complex social structures.

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1421
Richard Hull
OSD10-L02      Awarded:6/21/2011
Title:AFFINITY
Abstract:Modus Operandi proposes the development of reusable technologies called Affinity. Affinity identifies relationships and associations among people, objects and locations that have automatically been extracted from large volumes of both structured and unstructured data. Our innovative approach combines a mathematical information indexing and retrieval algorithm, called Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI), with Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques and a weighted feature-based algorithm to find relevant information, construct superior social network graphs and present a more understandable analysis than contemporary approaches. This capability will address key technology gaps in the Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS) family of systems for deriving social networks from all-source intelligence.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2454
Erik Schlicht
OSD10-L04      Awarded:12/22/2010
Title:Biologically Inspired Scene Estimation (BIS-E)
Abstract:Scene understanding is incredibly difficult, as it requires the recreation of a 3D environment from noisy 2D image data. Greedy approaches to estimating scene attributes are computationally expensive and are not sufficient for solving many real-world problems (e.g., detecting a suspect moving through a scene). Further complicating matters, is that different levels of detail/description are required for different tasks. Despite these challenges, biological systems have little difficulty efficiently describing scenes at multiple levels of detail. Therefore, our solution to this problem is a Biologically Inspired Scene Estimation (BIS-E) algorithm, which adaptively adjusts the features it uses through an optimal controller that balances the tradeoff between scene estimation uncertainty and computational cost. The result of this effort is a biologically-inspired algorithm that minimizes the computational cost associated with achieving the desired level of scene understanding.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4762
Mun Wai Lee
OSD10-L04      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:SPUR: Scene Perception, Understanding and Reasoning
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes a computational framework of Scene Perception, Understanding, and Reasoning (SPUR). Our approach consists of three aspects: First, a grammar-based method is used to infer image scene structure and track moving objects in the scene. Second, an integrated knowledge representation framework will be developed to describe different types of data, relations between objects and other entities, as well as statistical properties and dependencies. Third, the topic modeling method, based on Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), is used to understand the activity, identify common modes of activity patterns, and detect suspicious events.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9300
Atul Kanaujia
OSD10-L04      Awarded:12/8/2010
Title:Automated Scene Understanding
Abstract:Automatic extraction and representation of visual concepts and semantic information in scene is a desired capability in any security and surveillance operations. In the proposed effort we seek to advance the foundations of representation and fusion of data, information and knowledge gathered from diverse sources, and across multiple application domains. We target the problem of visual event recognition in network information environment, where faulty sensors, lack of effective visual processing tools and incomplete domain knowledge frequently cause uncertainty in the data set and consequently, in the visual primitives extracted from it. We adopt Markov Logic Network (MLN), that combines probabilistic graphical models and first order logic, to address the task of reasoning under uncertainty. MLN is a knowledge representation language that combines domain knowledge, visual concepts and experience to infer simple and complex real-world events. MLN generalizes over the existing state-of-the-art probabilistic models, including hidden Markov models, Bayesian networks, and stochastic grammars. Moreover, the framework can be made scalable to support variety of entities, activities and interactions that are typically observed in the real world. Experiments with real-world data and domain knowledge, in a variety of marine and urban settings, illustrate the mathematical soundness and wide-ranging applicability of our approach.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Terry Patten
OSD10-L05      Awarded:1/12/2011
Title:Distributed Architecture for Retrieving Information using Universal-Core Semantics (DARIUS)
Abstract:A distributed architecture is proposed that supports the tactical warfighter by accepting a plain language request for information and generating a plain language response that summarizes metadata extracted from multi-source sensor data. This metadata is represented and processed using Semantic Web technologies, and organized as data cubes that link content to specific locations and times. Innovative aspects of the proposed work include novel representations of the data cubes, the use of mission metadata to determine both the content and presentation of the response, and the use of natural-language generation technology to generate plain language summaries that are highly tailored to the specific mission and specific warfighter.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
OSD10-L05      Awarded:1/11/2011
Title:A Distributed and Standard based Data Warehouse and Mining System for Large-Scale Sensor Data
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), along with our collaborators propose to develop a Distributed and Standard based Data Warehouse and Mining System for Large-Scale Sensor Data (DSDWM). DSDWM is a synergy of SensorML based database system, streamed and high-dimensional data cubing approaches. Our stream cubing architecture is designed to handle streamed sensor data with quick response and partial computation of data cubes by popular-path cubing. The DSDWM innovations are: (1) SensorML schema database to develop a solid and extendable data storage system for large amount of complex sensor data (2) unique innovative high-dimensional data cubing technology, (3) internal data mining tool that adopts a generic framework of data mining, to provide advanced data exploitation and analysis capability beyond cubing technology, and (4) AJAX on mobile devices to enable asynchronous communication so that the bandwidth is saved. DSDWM offers the key advantage that multi-source sensor input data can be transferred to minimal cubing thus saving computation and storage expense significantly for high- dimensional cubes and prediction cubes provide an automatic and intelligent way to build cubes with optimized accuracy for a large range of prediction models.

Mayachitra, Inc.
5266 Hollister Avenue, Suite 229
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 967-9828
Jayanth Nayak
OSD10-L06      Awarded:12/27/2010
Title:M-ROCK: Mobile Retrieval of Contextual Knowledge
Abstract:In this small business innovation research (SBIR) proposal, we present M-ROCK (Mobile Retrieval Of Contextual Knowledge), a system that will enable warfighters to access relevant information from remote knowledge stores in a hands-free fashion. Allowing warfighters to seamlessly access contextual information can vastly improve the safety and efficacy of missions.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9300
Donald Madden
OSD10-L06      Awarded:12/9/2010
Title:Knowledge Discovery using Mobile Devices
Abstract:OV proposes a mobile device which can help the warfighter search through large volumes of available ISR data and provide alerts to changing battlefield conditions in spite of the bandwidth and attention challenges of field operation. The device will use a state-of-the-art smart platform (Intel Atom Moorestown) and operating system (Android) to provide high power computing in a small, low-power package while leveraging COTS hardware and software. OV will leverage its government research project experience to provide advanced audio and visual entity search and context based alerting. A robust voice-activated interface will be designed for input to the device, and an augmented reality interface will be prototyped to provide situational awareness.

Pongr, Inc
589 BEACON ST Suite 1
Boston, MA 02215
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 418-4174
Zach Cox
OSD10-L06      Awarded:12/8/2010
Title:Knowledge Discovery using Mobile Devices
Abstract:A critical need exists to better support expeditionary warfighters in knowledge discovery from imagery and sounds local to their area of operation. Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) knowledge databases contain copious amounts of information on landmarks, terrain, events, activities, and entities that must be efficiently and accurately processed and disseminated to the warfighter. Such information sharing is essential for improving situational awareness and overall operational effectiveness - especially in today's urban combat environments. The confusion of the battlefield combined with physical and psychological stresses and fatigue can make this task very difficult. Pongr, Inc. (Pongr) proposes KAVA (Knowledge discovery using Audio and Video Analysis), a mobile application technology that analyzes audio and video data to discover entities and behaviors in a scene. At the core of the system are state-of-the-art artificial intelligence algorithms for understanding audio and video developed by Pongr researchers. These algorithms are capable of recognizing people, places, objects, anomalous or suspicious activities, and sounds. The algorithms translate images and sounds into knowledge objects that can be searched in a larger knowledge store. Discovered information is displayed using an augmented-reality interface. Finally, the system features hands-free operation via speech and gestural interactions.

Ayasdi Inc.
998 Cottrell Way
Stanford, CA 94305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 213-9501
Harlan Sexton
OSD10-L07      Awarded:12/21/2010
Title:Data Discovery for Exploitation from Distributed Sources
Abstract:We propose assess the feasibility of using homological signatures as a search and organizational tool for interacting with relational databases. Specifically, they will be applied to outputs of the Mapper methodology applied to tables in a database, so as to identify scale choices which produce informative outputs. These outputs will then be used to understand the tables from a scientific point of view, and potentially to partition the tables in the hope of making queries more efficient.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4241
Onur Savas
OSD10-L07      Awarded:12/16/2010
Title:Topological Robust Algorithms for Massive Data Sets via Agent-based Modular Infrastructure (TA-DA) Supporting Decentralized and Parallel Processing
Abstract:We propose to develop topological robust dimensionality reduction algorithms for massive data sets. The algorithm will be wrapped in an agent-based modular infrastructure and will support decentralized and parallel data processing. Our algorithms are based on Mapper, a method that discovers the data topology by constructing lower-dimensional simplicial complexes. Our goal is to reduce the role of the mathematician in selecting appropriate topological and geometric parameters of Mapper, and automate the process in a parallel fashion. The parallelization is already inherent to Mapper, due to its partial clustering. We will improve the parallelization by borrowing ideas from streaming algorithms and construction of local wise alpha-complexes. Robustness of the data discovery process to noisy and missing data is built on persistent homology, where only persistent structures remain and others collapse. Automatic assessment of the algorithm will be handled by comparing multiresolutional outputs, for example, real vs. artifact features. Querying of data will be handled by topological matching in the constructed simplicial complexes. The algorithmic infrastructure will be wrapped by a family of software agents using Intelligent Automation’s agent infrastructure Cybele. As part of the infrastructure development, APIs will be developed to assist in the modularization.

Critical Technologies Inc
Suite 400 1001 Broad Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 793-0248
Stuart W. Card
OSD10-L08      Awarded:12/2/2010
Title:Real-time Resource Allocation Co-Processor
Abstract:Given the following four facts: • the steadily increasing computational power of mobile handheld devices • the steadily increasing number of mobile handheld devices in the modern networked battlespace • the steadily increasing need for and supply of sensor data and Situational Awareness (SA) information in the networked battlespace • the continuing state of the wireless infrastructure available (lossy, asymmetric, degraded, intermittent links) to network the increasing data load to and from the increasing number of mobile wireless platforms then the need to process as much of the data as possible as far out ‘on the edge’ as possible is a given. CTI proposes an architecture and set of cross-layer optimization algorithms where the mobile wireless platform invests a policy-based degree of its energy in: • managing its internal data storage • managing its connectivity via disruption delay routing • managing the data stored amongst the networked nodes via an evolutionary algorithm • managing the analysis of the data between LAN A software solution, based within transparent gateways, will be packaged in a hardware- agnostic component, allowing for deployment across mobile wireless platforms.

Dunti LLC
1250 S. Capital of Texas Hwy Building 3, Suite 400
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 576-7037
Rupaka Mahalingaiah
OSD10-L08      Awarded:11/30/2010
Title:Real-time Resource Allocation Co-Processor
Abstract:The advances in semiconductor and wireless technology has resulted in powerful mobile computing devices that are compute capable as well has have fairly decent communication capabilities. Often, these mobile devices are also equipped with sensors along with the necessary Digital Signal Processing (DSP) capabilities. While quite

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 852-1889
Kerry Wood
OSD10-L08      Awarded:11/29/2010
Title:OARBIT Optimal Allocations fo Resources by Information Theory
Abstract:As part of this SBIR project our firm will combine algorithmic information theory with deterministic and stochastic optimization techniques to create an optimization co-processor for wireless nodes. We will focus on the problem of change-point detection in resource- constrained wireless sensor networks to realize an effective solution. We are specifically targeting Android operating system (OS) hand-held devices and cell-phones. Our solution concept consists of a Device Capability Manager that determines the dynamic state and availability of resources, a Network Capability Manager that assesses the dynamic state of the network, and a Resource Optimization Co-Processor that optimally assigns resources for maximum efficiency. These components form the framework for a practical and innovative solution to the this SBIR.

CyberConnect EZ, LLC
37 Max Felix Dr.
Storrs, CT 06268
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 428-5109
Jeffrey Maddox
OSD10-L09      Awarded:2/3/2011
Title:Framework for Large Streaming Data Analysis
Abstract:Since existing DoD ISR systems are of a typical stovepipe design, they are slow in speed and it is difficult to adapt them to changing information needs. Recent advancements in multi- media technologies add additional challenges to digesting audio and video stream data for the ISR missions. An increasing number of algorithms and data format conversion routines developed are available, but a clear bottleneck in the ISR community lies in the lack of a middleware framework that can horizontally and conveniently integrate heterogeneous computational resources. We aim to develop such a middleware framework, called INTERLINK, that is scalable and flexible in ingesting, analyzing and distributing streaming audio and video data for the DoD’s various needs. INTERLINK can bring a sweeping change to the way future ISR workflows are used. Web service providers will be able to plug- in new algorithms and data sources to the middleware framework in a matter of minutes through a publication and subscription model. The visual workflow interface will allow ISR professionals with limited computing expertise to easily construct and share workflows with others. We will not only develop engineering designs for INTERLINK but also a series of use case scenarios to demonstrate the power of the newly proposed middleware framework.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5206
Sung Jung
OSD10-L09      Awarded:1/31/2011
Title:Agent-based Scalable Virtual Streaming (ABVS) Framework
Abstract:With increased use of autonomous platforms, including ground robots and drone aircraft, there is much more video and audio feed than has been the case. The commercial / entertainment world has developed a multiplicity of both audio and video formats for use in commercial recorders, players, etc. With cost savings to be realized from using COTS products, it is desirable to leverage the capabilities of the commercial world. These capabilities include the hundreds different digital video/audio formats that have been developed. Some of the video formats (MPEG, AVI, WMV, MOV) and the audio formats (MP3, WAV, AAC) are popular. IAI’s innovative approach is the Agent-based Scalable Virtual Streaming (ABVS) Framework. The ABVS framework is deployed in the context of a SOA architecture. When a new CODEC is added, a new service description is added to the UDDI Repository. The user (software program or human) may request a translation through a Web service interface. Architecturally, ABVS is a hybrid architecture that is an integration of the net-centric SOA Web service architecture with an Agent Framework. Agent types include Wrappers for various CODEC, Translation Request Handlers, among others.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9300
W. Andrew Scanlon
OSD10-L09      Awarded:2/1/2011
Title:Framework for Large Streaming Data Analysis
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will design a flexible and scalable system capable of ingesting data from disparate media sources, application of complex workflow and mediation processes, and serving of transcoded media to multiple subscribers. The proposed system will utilize a modular plug-in framework enabling first-party and third- party developers to create custom modules that seamlessly integrate new media formats and workflow algorithms without any changes to the underlying architecture. The key innovations in this effort include: i) the design of a plug-in architecture capable of combining multiple custom modules into a workflow process that also supports conditionals, loops, and differentiated output handling; ii) development of an plug-in interface control document (ICD) to be used by system integrators; iii) creation of an intuitive workflow schema definition enabling operators to create a reusable workflow from a list of available modules, and; iv) identification and design of a suite of tools targeting both system developers and end-users. The Phase I effort will include preliminary research into industry standards and issues common to a system of this nature, design of a system architecture supporting the aforementioned capabilities, and component level prototyping to serve as proof of concept.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3621
Margaret Bailey
OSD10-L09      Awarded:2/2/2011
Title:Framework for Large Streaming Data Analysis
Abstract:Existing DoD Command and Control and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems are proving inadequate to handle the proliferation of sensors and the corresponding increase in data. To address this shortfall, Sonalysts will design a reliable, scalable, modular, and pluggable middleware framework for managing large quantities of streaming data. We will use our knowledge and experience with data ingest, data analysis, and data distribution, our relationships with commercial broadcasters, and our extensive software tool kits to define a systems architecture design and engineering plan for a Robust Analysis and Processing of Large ISR Data Streams (RAPID) system. This solution will draw upon our research-grade Heuristic Intelligent Storage System (HISS), a pluggable and distributed, cross-disciplinary, intelligent, large stream data ingest, data mining, and storage system that is highly portable and configurable for a number of applications and domains that need to ingest and manage large data streams. Based upon a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and the “blackboard” paradigm, the proposed system will support highly complex workflows and large numbers of streaming data sources while conforming to established standards used by the DoD and the software industry.