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63 Phase I Selections from the 10.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
ARMY 10-146      Awarded: 1/12/2011
Title:Inline Fuel Contaminant Sensor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an inline sensor to detect and prevent entry of contaminated fuel into Army aircraft, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Inline Fuel Contaminant Sensor (IFCS) that operates before and while refueling Army aircraft, and stops the refueling operation immediately upon contaminants detection. IFCS is based on an innovative design that integrates mature measurement methods with POC-developed and COTS components to identify particulates of matter at the 5-micron level and detect both free and emulsified water at 10 parts-per-million level. This enables IFCS to detect fuel contaminants during hot and cold refueling at a rate of 15-300 gpm. IFCS easily integrates into any refueling equipment. In Phase I, POC will design the IFCS to be integrable into and compatible with all current Army’s aircraft refueling methods and equipment. A breadboard prototype will be assembled to demonstrate IFCS technical feasibility. In Phase II, POC will construct and demonstrate a mature prototype that is compatible with existing Forward Area Refueling Equipment (FARE) or Army aviation refueling equipment. This Phase II prototype will be self-contained, easy and simple to operate, and able to stop the flow of contaminated fuel from entering the aircraft.

Point Source, Inc.
1864 Dayton Pike
Germantown, OH 45327
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 855-6020
Steven Mersch
ARMY 10-146      Awarded: 1/12/2011
Title:Detection of Contaminants in Aviation Fuel
Abstract:An inline device or sensor that can recognize contaminated fuel before and while refueling Army Aircraft, and shut down the refueling operation immediately upon detection of contamination will provide an indication to the refueling personnel that contamination has been recognized and shut off refueling operation to prevent the contaminated fuel from entering the aircraft. We propose to design a unique Fuel Contaminant Sensor (FCS) to enhance safety and ensure continued aircraft availability and readiness. The features of the designed FCS will include at a minimum: • Installation just prior to the fuelling nozzle • High sensitivity optical sensing of particulates and free water • Self powered, portable, small, and light weight • Fail to safe refueling shutdown capability • Satisfies safety requirements • Simple, maintenance free operation

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 938-4433
Mike Mullen
ARMY 10-146      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Aviation Fuel Contaminant Protection
Abstract:Aircraft fuel contamination either from water or particulates can interrupt fuel flow leading to catastrophic engine failure. Particulates and ice can plug fuel filters, and slugs of free water can cause engine flameout. Despite careful design of equipment and procedures, technician training and supervision, engine failures still occur resulting in degraded mission effectiveness, damaged equipment, and loss of life. Progeny Systems proposes Aviation Fuel Contaminant Cutoff (AFCC) as an innovative approach for automated particulate and free water fuel contaminate monitoring and fuel cutoff. AFCC continually monitors the fuel stream, senses contamination, and when appropriate stops fuel flow to prevent contaminant introduction into the aircraft. A self-contained modular adapter, AFCC is rugged, compact, low-power, and affordable, and can be easily integrated with existing refueling systems without any special operator training or extensive field maintenance requirements. AFCC uses piezoelectric scattering ultrasound to probe the entire unimpeded fuel flow in real time to detect both particulate and free water contaminates. A supplemental optic sensor allows for continuity of operations should entrained gas be present in the fuel. A zero differential pressure solenoid cutoff valve shuts down fuel flow should contaminants be detected.

Artium Technologies, Inc.
150 West Iowa Avenue Suite 202
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 737-2364
William D. Bachalo
ARMY 10-146      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Detection of Contaminants in Aviation Fuel
Abstract:Fuel contamination from water and particulate matter can be problematic even under normal peacetime conditions. The most common contaminants are particulate matter and water. Although much of the fuel contaminants are separated out using filters and coalescer separators, these systems can fail to remove sufficient particulate matter and free water which can then reach the aircraft fuel tanks. An in-line monitoring system that can test the fuel for particulate matter and condensed water would be of great benefit both to military and commercial aviation. In-line sampling during the fueling process represents the most favorable approach since fueling can be terminated immediately upon detection of contaminants including particulate matter and water. Particles in the micrometer range including solid particulate consisting of rust, paint, material from pipes and hoses, dust, and sand are best monitored using light scatter detection methods. Furthermore, these systems can be built into a spool piece which would be installed in-line with the fuel flow and can monitor the fuel in real-time to acquire a representative sample of the contaminants. This proposal investigates light scattering methods for detecting and differentiating between different types of fuel contaminants and using this information for fuel shutoff during aircraft refueling.

Keystone Synergistic Enterprises, Inc.
698 SW Port Saint Lucie Blvd Suite 105
Port Saint Lucie, FL 34953
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 313-3646
Ralph E. Anderson, Jr.
ARMY 10-147      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Hybrid Impeller Disk for High Pressure Compressor Configurations in Future Turboshaft Engines
Abstract:Keystone Synergistic Enterprises, Inc. proposes to use induction heating to create a hot zone in the rim of radial impellers so that the rim of the rotors will be preferentially heated above the gamma prime solvus. This will cause the formation of a dual property microstructure in the impeller. A fine grain size, established by either the forging temperature will be maintained in the hub of the rotor. Coarse grains, resistant to creep loading will be grown on the rim. The direct induction heating approach is novel. It will use a current concentrator to establish a carefully controlled heating zone within the rim. The transition between the fine grain size and coarse grain size will be defined by OEM subcontractors Rolls-Royce and Honeywell Aerospace. Induction heating has been selected because it: • Is Low cost • Exhibits Controlled heat up rates • Is Easily automated • Produces controlled thermal profiles Keystone will provide a shaped induction coil which will induce a controlled hot zone in the Alloy 10 or RR1000 impeller. Work on coil fabrication will begin early in the optional phase. Keystone will work with the OEMs to design the shape of the heat treat preform.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Eugene Dyadko
ARMY 10-147      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Pulse Current Assisted Heat Treatment for Impeller Disks
Abstract:Advanced turboshaft engine impeller disks work at a high rotational speed at elevated temperatures which vary from the disk rim to its bore. Due to contact with combustion gases, the rim possesses a significantly greater temperature than the bore. This temperature gradient implies different requirements for the mechanical properties of the material in the rim and bore areas. A nickel based superalloy at the rim should have coarse grain microstructure to provide high creep resistance, while in the bore the microstructure needs to be fine to ensure high tensile properties. In order to provide such a dual microstructure, a technique which is known in powder metallurgy as plasma assisted treatment will be used. High current pulses with 40-60 Hz frequency will be applied to the impeller disk rim only, while the disk bore will be forcedly cooled. Micro plasma discharges on all the flaws inside the impeller disk rim facilitate mass transfer, motion of grain boundaries and grain growth, while the microstructure of the bore remains intact. A significant pulse current assisted grain growth in a high temperature superalloy has already been demonstrated experimentally.

AVID LLC
120 Newsome Drive Suite A
Yorktown, VA 23692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-0067
Ernie Keen
ARMY 10-148      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Efficient Lifting Surface Method for Rotorcraft Analysis
Abstract:AVID proposes the development of a lifting surface method for rotor aerodynamic analysis. The method will use a cambered mean-surface analysis for the blades, using doublet lattices to define the geometry, with vortices shed by all aerodynamic surfaces. The focus of AVID’s approach is modifying and extending an existing AVID unsteady doublet lattice method, developed for flapping wing applications, to analyze rotors. It will also be coupled with a parametric geometry modeler that be used to rapidly generate complex geometries and facilitate lattice creation. The method will provide lift, drag, and pitching moment distributions along the blade, and provide information suitable for integration with other discipline codes and rotorcraft comprehensive codes. In addition, a Phase I Option is proposed that provides validation for the analysis, code speed optimization, and continued methodology development. The optional work identified here will provide a smooth transition to the increased fidelity required for future Phase II work.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Daniel A. Wachspress
ARMY 10-148      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Fast Lifting Surface Models for Rotorcraft Analysis
Abstract:Current comprehensive rotorcraft analyses typically use lifting line theories coupled with 2D look-up tables to determine rotor blade lift, drag and pitching moment. These methods cannot directly capture 3D flow effects that influence the aerodynamic characteristics of advanced planforms, complex tip-shapes and low aspect ratio wing/tail surfaces. CFD codes have been coupled to comprehensive codes to provide this capability, but these coupled solutions are too computationally expensive for daily design work. This effort will see the advancement of fast lifting surface blade models for use in rotorcraft analyses to bridge the gap between current lifting line models and full CFD solutions without excessive increase in computation time. The lifting surface models will directly capture 3D flow effects and directly compute lift, induced drag and pitching moment in turnaround times commensurate with daily design work. The proposed approach is to accelerate and expand upon the lifting surface models incorporated into CDI’s CHARM Blade Aerodynamics Module to provide greater capability and higher resolution solutions in reasonable computation times. The CHARM Module is designed to couple easily with existing rotorcraft analyses. Predictions for relevant configurations will be performed and compared with those obtained with lifting line methods to evaluate expected gains.

IllinoisRocstar LLC
60 Hazelwood Drive P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 766-2567
Mark D. Brandyberry
ARMY 10-149      Awarded: 4/7/2011
Title:Weapons System Flow Separation
Abstract:We propose a collaborative effort between IllinoisRocstar LLC and the University of Illinois to develop validated computional tools to assess flow separation in advanced weapon systems. The initial application of the simulation system will be an aft-end jet thruster in a supersonic regime. High-fidelity, unsteady, and three-dimensional simulations will be conducted using the proprietary framework Rocstar. The computational framework includes a compressible flow solver with advanced LES turbulence models and has flexibility sufficient to investigate a variety of configurations under widely varying conditions. At the conclusion of Phase I, we will have completed a study assessing Rocstar capabilities, including (i) simulating coupled jet-interaction and base flow, (ii) validating Rocstar for the case of a jet injected into a supersonic crossflow using published experimental data, (iii) shown initial results for plume-induced flow separation for a blunt body, and (iii) shown initial results for plume-induced flow separation including a thruster for a blunt body. A validation matrix, including a variety of geometries, for assessment during Phase II will be developed. Existing data will be collected where available, and experiments proposed for collecting data where gaps exist. Finally, methods for reducing flow separation will be proposed.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Sanford M. Dash
ARMY 10-149      Awarded: 3/21/2011
Title:Weapons System Flow Separation
Abstract:This proposal deals with the extension of physics in CFD codes to permit their more accurate and reliable analysis of transient missile jet/exhaust interactions. Such interactions include those associated with divert jet firings and with stage-separation, and their analysis is complicated by the significant role played by transitional turbulence effects, which impacts both the size and the oscillatory behavior of the separation region produced by the interaction, and thus impacts stability and control. The turbulent/transitional physics varies with flight regimes and the modeling required will be scoped-out via the performance of a substantive number of numerical studies. A detailed direct simulation (DNS) study will be performed for a divert jet firing on generic missile at 45 km and Mach 8 which will directly deal with the transitional physics. An AIT missile tested in the shock tunnel facilities at CUBRC with a DAC divert motor will also be analyzed for which detailed temporal data is available. Innovative techniques to minimize the size of the separated region and the oscillatory behavior will be examined employing pulsatile concepts with prescribed frequencies. Active control concepts which have been used for related problems will be discussed but the work deferred to Phase II.

Optical Sciences Corporation
P.O. Box 8291
Huntsville, AL 35808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 842-8582
Michael C. Cornell
ARMY 10-150      Awarded: 3/24/2011
Title:Near Infrared Stretched Pulse Processing
Abstract:The objective of the SBIR effort is to develop an advanced SAL projector system capable of significantly greater fidelity than current systems are able to achieve. This will be attained by greatly enhancing the capabilities of the projector in the area of modulation in both the temporal and spatial domains. This will result in the projector generating more realistic simulated laser designator return signals. The goal of the Phase I effort is to prove the feasibility of a conceptual design approach and in the course of this activity develop a detailed design of the advanced SAL projection system. The proposal details the various tasks to be performed along with the technical approaches to be considered to meet the stated goal. The results of the Phase I research will lead directly to the development of an advanced SAL projector system during the Phase II effort.

Optimax Systems, Inc
6367 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 217-0776
Jessica Nelson
ARMY 10-151      Awarded: 3/24/2011
Title:Deterministic Finishing of Domes with Buried Electromagnetic Structures
Abstract:We propose to use a novel gauge along with our innovative optical fabrication methods to deterministically finish a concentric dome with an embedded conductive grid.

Applied Science Innovations, Inc.
185 Jordan Road
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 833-6897
Mikhail Gutin
ARMY 10-151      Awarded: 3/10/2011
Title:Deterministic Finishing of Domes with Buried Electromagnetic Structures
Abstract:To address the need of the Army in a deterministic method for generating a dome with precise location of a buried grid, Applied Science Innovations proposes development of the Electro-Optical Depth Sensor (EODS), a new tool for non-contact depth measurement. The non-contact measurement from either inside or outside surface of the dome, accurate to better than1 mil, will be independent of the surface optical quality at all stages of dome fabrication. The sensor will be equally effective on all dome materials, regardless of transmission in the visible or other spectral range. The measurement will be possible on the grinder or polisher during fabrication, without removing the dome, and fast, in minutes for the entire dome. Phase I will establish feasibility of the EODS concept. In Phase II, a functional pre-production EODS prototype will be developed and delivered to the Army for evaluation and use. In Phase III, EODS will be packaged for integration into dome fabrication processes, to operate on shop floors of optical manufacturers. Primary EODS applications will be in high performance imaging and tracking systems such as used by the military and in the space industry. A broader range of applications will be in testing reinforced layered structures.

Resodyn Corporation
130 North Main Street Suite 600
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 497-5223
Stephen Galbraith
ARMY 10-151      Awarded: 3/23/2011
Title:Non-Contact Sensor Technology to Locate Electromagnetic Grids in Ceramics
Abstract:Electromagnetic structures buried in optical ceramic domes may be accurately located using an electromagnetic sensor and detection technology. A preliminary experiment demonstrated this claim but an investigation into electromagnetic properties that can vary as a result of manufacturing tolerance is required. Similar off-the-shelf technologies will be prone to error caused by these property variations. Competing technologies such as capacitive, optical, or sonic lack a key advantage the electromagnetic approach offers - optical ceramic, cutting fluids, dust, and surface conditions are electromagnetically transparent. This makes it possible to develop a small, light weight sensor that can integrate to a standard coordinate measuring machine or directly to a ceramic grinding and polishing machine. In a manufacturing environment, the sensing technology could be used to tell the grinding and polishing machine, real-time, where to locate dome surfaces. Resodyn Corporation proposes a Phase I study to quantify electromagnetic property variations on test specimens manufactured to tolerance limits. Using existing Resodyn Corporation technology and know-how a custom sensor will be fabricated for the study and compensation methods will be formulated.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
ARMY 10-151      Awarded: 3/24/2011
Title:Deterministic Finishing of Domes with Embedded Grids
Abstract:Current state-of-the-art seeker designs have evolved toward tri-mode operation in order to provide a high level of target discrimination in all weather conditions. The three modes typically include a laser designator which operates at 1.06 micron, an IR band and an RF band. Furthermore, for operational reasons, the dome must be hardened against broadband RF signals originating from outside of the missile. One method of producing a dome with such capabilities is to have a specially designed grid embedded within the dome, located at a precise distance from the inner and outer surfaces in such a way that the combination of dielectric layers and grid combine to make an RF resonant structure. In this SBIR Phase I program, Surmet proposes to correctly place the grid in the ALON green body, to monitor its position through subsequent processing steps in order to ensure that the grid ends up at the correct and uniform radius over the entire clear aperture of the dome. Finally, we will determine the position of the grid in the fully fired dome blank, and accurately fabricate the inner and outer surfaces of the dome about this grid to produce the desired structure.

The Sentient Corporation
27757 Cricket Lane
Harvest, AL 35749
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-3810
Kent Key
ARMY 10-152      Awarded: 3/23/2011
Title:High Density Phase Changing Missile Fuel
Abstract:Fuel applications for scramjet powered flight greater than Mach 8 require the overall injection, mixing, and combustion process to complete in a very short period of time. Although hydrocarbons have very good fuel density, they are not capable of combusting within the time available. Hydrogen is the ideal fuel for scramjet operation greater than Mach 8, but the fuel density and storage requirements have limited its application. Unlike the space shuttle application for hydrogen fuel where cryogenic cooling and very large tank size is an acceptable solution, the scramjet application is restricted severely by volumetric constraints and practical defense applications incorporating cryogenic cooling are not practical. The solution needs to address packaging conformability not necessitating cylindrical tanks by default. The proposed team recognizes the unique requirements for the development of H2 compounds that can conform to any tank geometry and provide long shelf life without the need for additional support hardware. To this end, the team proposes a phase changing solid with a potential yield of ~19% by weight hydrogen content that can be adapted to missile defense applications that will solve the storability issues and excessive support hardware typically associated with the use of hydrogen fuel systems.

Streamline Automation, LLC
3100 Fresh Way SW
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 713-1220
Douglas Prasher
ARMY 10-154      Awarded: 2/10/2011
Title:Development of a Molecular Assay to Identify Ticks that Vector Rickettsial Diseases
Abstract:Assignment of a taxonomic species to a tick specimen pulled from a person is a non-trivial exercise even for a trained taxonomist let alone for a typical health care provider. The nearly 700 species in the taxonomic family Ixodidae, sometimes referred to as hard-backed ticks, are those of most concern to health care professionals. We propose here to develop an innovative molecularly-based methodology that should be able to be performed by personnel with minimal laboratory training (i.e. college laboratory course in either biochemistry, molecular biology, or microbiology). It involves the use of real-time PCR on commercially- available equipment and will be capable of identifying 100's of species. Further automation of the process during Phase 2 will make the detection equipment operable by personnel in the field with a few hours of targeted, specific training.

Evogen, Inc.
8301 State Line Road Suite 101
Kansas City, MO 64114
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(816) 360-3895
Patrick Williams
ARMY 10-154      Awarded: 2/10/2011
Title:Development of a Molecular Assay to Identify Ticks that Vector Rickettsial Diseases
Abstract:HyBeacons® Probe Assays for the Detection of Ticks and Tick-Borne Pathogens Patrick Williams, Ph.D., Evogen Inc., 8301 State Line Road, Kansas City, MO 64114 The proposed development will evaluate the use of Evogen’s HyBeacons probes for rapid, multiplexed vector and pathogen detection using Evogen ONE sample processing, multiplex amplification detection, and high temperature melt curve analysis. An Assay will be developed for Amblyomma americanum. The assays will utilizes the proprietary Evogen ONE nucleic acid extraction chemistry and Evogen’s HyBeacons probes for quantitative amplification and high resolution melt curve analysis. These unique features will make this assay superior in many applications over existing technology. The ultimate goal of this project is a deployable, integrated, automated platform of chemistries and hardware capable of rapidly detecting ticks and tick-borne pathogens. The challenge of this task is in the development and validation of HyBeacons probe assays, the validation of the Evogen ONE nucleic acid extraction chemistry, the sequential automation of the pathogen analysis via the automated sample prep (ASP), and RA-8 random access amplification modules.

Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
11494 Sorrento Valley Road Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 410-3161
Kate Broderick
ARMY 10-155      Awarded: 2/28/2011
Title:Multiagent Synthetic DNA Vaccines Delivered by Noninvasive Electroporation
Abstract:Inovio Pharmaceuticals current minimally invasive dermal electroporation prototype device, which uses low voltage parameters to achieve both high and consistent levels of immunogenicity, offers an attractive option as an efficient and tolerable method for delivering DNA vaccinations in a clinical setting. For this submission, we propose to develop a multi-headed electroporation platform based on optimized version of the current device. This new device would remain an effective means to deliver DNA vaccines while maintaining the tolerability of a surface dermal electroporation method. Additionally, this device could simultaneously delivery two or more DNA vaccines at spatially separate sites, negating any issues with interference and reducing vaccine burden. The production of such a device which could simultaneously deliver multiple plasmid vaccines would offer a significant advance in the field of DNA vaccinations.

Ichor Medical Systems, Inc.
6310 Nancy Ridge Drive Suite 107
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 550-2022
Drew Hannaman
ARMY 10-155      Awarded: 2/1/2011
Title:Testing of a Novel Skin Electroporation Procedure for Multivalent Alphavirus DNA Vaccine Delivery
Abstract:Ichor has developed an electroporation (EP) based device for DNA vaccine delivery in skin. In its current format, this simple, integrated device, called the intradermal TriGrid Delivery System (TDS-ID), has exhibited promise for delivery of monovalent DNA vaccines. Under SBIR Phase I, the TDS-ID will be adapted for multivalent DNA vaccine delivery. Feasibility of TDS-ID for this application will be evaluated in non-clinical studies using a trivalent DNA vaccine against the CDC category B biothreats Venezuelan (VEEV), eastern (EEEV), and western (WEEV) equine encephalitis viruses. There are currently no licensed human vaccines for VEEV, EEEV, or WEEV. The multivalent DNA vaccine candidate, developed in collaboration with USAMRIID, offers the potential for inducing target levels of immune response via a non-infectious vaccine candidate that is inexpensive to produce and simple to deploy. A range of vaccine formulation and injection conditions will be studied in rabbits to identify an administration procedure inducing multi-specific immune responses with an acceptable safety profile. If Phase I milestones are achieved, Phase II will comprise non-clinical protective efficacy testing of the TDS-ID device configured for multivalent DNA immunization. The overall program objective is development of a clinical TDS-ID device for multi-antigen DNA vaccination in biodefense applications.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Oleg Galkin
ARMY 10-156      Awarded: 3/15/2011
Title:Piezoelectric Coagulation Profiler
Abstract:To address the Army need for a disposable cartridge and associated handheld analyzer of coagulation properties of blood samples, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Piezoelectric Coagulation Profiler (PCP). The proposed device is based on integration of a piezoelectric vibrating membrane and optoelectronic readout scheme for measurement of the viscoelastic properties of blood. The innovative integration of the piezoelectric sensor technology and laser optical readout scheme will enable the proposed system to measure the blood clotting parameters (based on a small blood sample, >10x less than current approaches) in a battlefield environment and in the immediate vicinity of the patient. As a result, the PCP device can be fabricated in a handheld format (>40x smaller than the conventional tabletop system), ruggedized for military applications, and capable of quickly accessing the blood coagulation profile, which directly address the Army Medical Research and Material Command need for analysis of blood clotting parameters. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the PCP system by simulating the system, designing and building a prototype, and testing its key features. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a stand-alone, handheld device ruggedized for military applications and test it with blood samples.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Luke Joseph
ARMY 10-156      Awarded: 3/21/2011
Title:Disposable Coagulation Profiler
Abstract:Oceanit will develop a handheld analyzer using disposable cartridges that provides a coagulation profile. This profile will be comparable to bench top systems such as thrombelastograph (TEG) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM).

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Julien Fey
ARMY 10-157      Awarded: 3/18/2011
Title:Novel Toxicity Sensor using Genetically Engineered, Permeabilized, Freeze-Dried Bacteria
Abstract:Field testing of water samples is needed for broad and sensitive detection of toxic industrial chemicals, or TICs. The use of unicellular organisms in cell-based detection systems is particularly advantageous both because these organisms have developed a natural ability to respond to environmental changes, and because several methods for long-term storage with minimal maintenance requirements have been established and tested. Long-term storage of packaged freeze-dried cells with no need for significant environmental controls such as temperature eliminates limitations in the development of a rugged field-deployable device perfectly adapted to logistical requirements in a military setting. The need for a toxicant of interest to cross the natural barriers such as cell walls or membranes is perhaps the only significant limitation to the detection capability of any cell-based system. This will be addressed as part of the proposed effort by testing known genetic and biochemical approaches to the permeabilization of the bacterial cell wall to develop novel biosensors with broader and more sensitive detection capabilities.

CustomArray, Inc.
6500 Harbour Heights Pkwy Suite 202
Mukilteo, WA 98275
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 609-3944
Dominic D Suciu
ARMY 10-158      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:Deployable Pan-flavivirus and Pan-alphavirus Assays for Screening Pools of Medically Relevant Arthropod
Abstract:CustomArray produces a field-deployable electrochemical microarray platform that is ideally suited to the multiplexed detection of pathogenic organisms. In this proposal, we will build a complete detection process that will include: Probe design, sample prep, multiplexed PCR amplification, hybridization, detection and data analysis. We have developed a bioinformatic pipeline called GenoTyper that is able to design primers and probes for the simultaneous amplification, detection, interrogation and typing of families of related, rapidly evolving sequence families. We have successfully used this system in the past to detect and type many viral families including, among many others: influenza, alpha-virus, and 16S. In this proposal we will use this bioinformatic system to create an updated pan-flavivirus and pan-alphavirus detection system. This is a proven detection system that relies on primer design that generates broad amplification followed by hybridization probe design and data analysis that is able to interrogate and accurately type the amplified material. Because we can use up to 2240 probes per assay, we are able to offer a resolution and redundancy that is unprecedented in a compact, field-deployable device. We will use our expertise and know-how in sample prep to create a simple method for harvesting viral DNA from arthropod samples. We will incorporate a novel multiplex PCR amplification system that will allow multiple independent PCR amplification reactions to take place in a single-injection device. Hybridization will be performed on our customizable semiconductor-based microarray platform. Hybridization detection will be performed using our electrochemical detection system. The detection device itself is a hand-held product that requires a USB connection, and uses that connection as its sole power source. It can read an entire array in 20 sec. This platform is the only electrochemical detection system of its kind that is as sensitive as fluorescence detection. No other system exists that has such potential to revolutionize the breadth, accuracy and robustness of field-deployable pathogen detection.

Integrated Nano-Technologies, LLC
999 Lehigh Station Rd
Henrietta, NY 14467
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 334-0170
Richard Murante
ARMY 10-158      Awarded: 2/1/2011
Title:Rapid, Field Deployable Alphavirus and Flavivirus Identification Assay
Abstract:Integrated Nano-technologies has developed a method that identifies pathogens using nucleic acid information. The technology has been developed into a prototype system consisting of a analyzer device, a unique single-use cartridge in which the entire preparation and identification processes take place, and a microchip on which the identification occurs. The prototype meets many of the requirements of this solicitation. The primary objective of this project is to advance to commercialization a rapid, field- deployable assay designed to identify a range of medically relevant alphaviruses and flaviviruses from arthropod sources. The assay will be able to meet the key needs requested by this solicitation: - will be the size of a handheld electronic device, and weigh less than three pounds. - provides a results read-out in about ten minutes, - is cost affordable - has simple operator requirements, including for sample preparation - uses standard, heat stable reagents and materials that do not require special preparation for use, - runs on batteries - is at least 80% as specific and 80% as sensitive as the current gold-standard assays (e.g. PCR, ELISA) for the individual viruses. Phase I will evaluate the feasibility of the prototype system to work with five viruses and meet the operational requirements of the solicitation.

VecTOR Test Systems, Inc
2033 Yellowthroat Place
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 390-0647
Kirti Dave
ARMY 10-158      Awarded: 2/3/2011
Title:Deployable Pan-flavivirus and Pan-alphavirus Assays for Screening Pools of Medically Relevant Arthropod
Abstract:VecTOR Test Systems, Inc will develop assays that can detect a broad range of alphaviruses and a broad range of flaviviruses in arthropod pools in a field setting. In Phase I, feasibility of the concept will be determined by developing a prototype assay(s) that has the potential to detect in a single multiplex format or as two group specific tests, at least three of the alphaviruses and at least two of the flaviviruses. The overall objective is to develop product/s that will quickly and accurately determine whether arthropods collected by preventive medicine units in the field are infected with medically relevant alphaviruses or flaviviruses in order to minimize the impact of the disease on operational capabilities. The technology is based on the simple and reliable immuno-chromatographic detection method by which sensitive test-strip based assays provide results in less than 30 minutes. The proposed assays will be easy to perform and results easy to interpret in far-forward situations. The assay will be made available in a kit with components required to perform the assay. The assay kit will be stable at ambient storage conditions.

TopGear Automation
567 Riverbend
Pearisburg, VA 24134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 250-1628
Brett Malone
ARMY 10-159      Awarded: 3/18/2011
Title:Software Tool for Complex Biomarker Discovery
Abstract:A new algorithm is proposed to identify hazards based on high-fidelity correlation between gene expressions and pathway signals. A software implementation based on 'energy score' method has been developed to detect multiple gene interactions in the pursuit of specific signal pathways within key cells of interest. This method, Graphical Random Walk (GRW) is robust, highly sensitive, and unlike methods of binary descent, can detect very low continuous exposures. Proof of feasibility and the application of this methodology toward monitoring for toxic threats and exposures will provide the US Army with a significantly improved defense against short term and long term threats.

IFXworks LLC
21100 Dulles Town Cir, Suite 256
Dulles, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-8326
Xianfeng Chen
ARMY 10-159      Awarded: 3/18/2011
Title:Software Tool for Complex Biomarker Discovery
Abstract:We propose development of a feature discovery algorithm for identification of multivariate (or composition) biomarker signatures from high-dimensional –omics data. The proposed algorithm operates on sets of heterogeneous features and returns a selected subset of significant features and a continuous quantitative metric that is indicative of a particular state of the data (i.e. presence or absence of a toxic hazard). There is no requirement that all features analyzed be of the same type; therefore, the algorithm allows for input of a mixture of data types. The types of data suitable for analysis may be gene expression values, gene copy numbers, presence of particular mutations or SNPs, or methylation patterns. Initially this algorithm was formulated for mining for complex biomarkers in oncology, and is extended here for the purpose of continuous monitoring of environmental and chemical hazards.

Celadon Laboratories, Inc.
6525 Belcrest Rd
Hyattsville, MD 20782
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 683-2118
Raymond Peterson
ARMY 10-159      Awarded: 3/18/2011
Title:Software Tool for Complex Biomarker Discovery
Abstract:A continuing and growing threat to U.S. military personnel and civilians is exposure to toxic chemicals and pathogens. Because of this, detection of exposure to chemical and biological agents is a priority for biodefense, combat readiness, and public health. One promising approach is to measure response of global gene, small RNA, and/or protein expression to varying levels and time courses of exposure. However, many studies suffer from a lack of reproducibility, and current procedures are often limited to comparing only two outcomes. In Phase I, Celadon, in partnership with David M. Rocke, Ph.D., Director, UC Davis Center for Biomarker Discovery, and Distinguished Professor of Biostatistics, will develop improved procedures and workflows for measuring response of global gene, small RNA, and/or protein expression to varying levels and time courses of toxicant exposure. With a prototype user interface, researchers will be able to select, rank, validate, and verify biomarkers and biomarker signatures. Hundreds to tens of thousands of transcripts or proteins are expected in each data set.

Zeomedix, LLC
26 Ashlawn Circle
Malvern, PA 19355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 517-7818
John C. Aybar
ARMY 10-160      Awarded: 1/26/2011
Title:Controlled Release of Topical Nitric Oxide for Treating Cutaneous Injuries
Abstract:In this proposal Zeomedix proposes to develop a dressing for acute trauma wounds based on its alginate/zeolite encapsulating nitric oxide (NO) technology. Nitric oxide has been shown to enhance the wound healing process as well as act as a powerful antibacterial agent. However, delivery of nitric oxide to a wound area is extremely challenging because NO is a gas. Zeomedix’s approach is to use zeolites that bind NO molecules when exposed to a stream of gaseous NO. When NO-loaded zeolites come in contact with water (or wound fluid), NO is released into the wound area. The aims of this project are to (1) develop a wound dressing that achieve a rapid initial burst of NO for antimicrobial effect followed by a slow extended release of NO for up to 24 hours to accelerate wound closure; (2) demonstrate the stability of a NO-zeolite based wound dressing over a period of up to 4 months; and (3) to demonstrate the antimicrobial effectiveness of a NO-zeolite based wound dressing.

IFyber, LLC
950 Danby Road Suite 300
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 227-7522
Aaron D. Strickland
ARMY 10-160      Awarded: 2/1/2011
Title:KINETICALLY CONTROLLABLE, THERAPEUTIC TOPICAL DELIVERY OF NITRIC OXIDE THROUGH NOVEL BIODEGRADABLE "PSEUDO-PROTEIN" BIOMATERIALS
Abstract:iFyber LLC, the lead company for this project, will partner with Prof. CC Chu from Cornell University, a recognized expert in the development and study of new drug-eluting biomaterials for wound healing, to develop a platform technology for controlled release of nitric using a newly invented family of novel biodegradable amino acid-based poly(ester amide)s (AA-PEAs). These pseudo-protein biomaterials have been engineered into different physical forms including gels, fibrous membranes, micro/nanospheres. These novel pseudo- protein biomaterials have already been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo to elicit far lower levels of inflammation than existing FDA-approved commercial biomaterials. The current efforts will exploit AA-PEA-based biodegradable biomaterials that are enzymatically biodegradable and have pendant functional groups that can be used to conjugate condensed- phase nitric oxide (NO) moieties. Controlled release of nitric oxide with be fine-tuned using a combination of NO moiety breakdown and enzymatic biodegradation of the NO-containing AA-PEA biomaterials.

Novan, Inc.
PO Box 110023
Research Triangle , NC 27709
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 485-8080
Nathan Stasko
ARMY 10-160      Awarded: 2/1/2011
Title:Time-Released Nitric Oxide for the Treatment of Military Wound Infections
Abstract:Under battlefield conditions, warfighters face a wide range of cutaneous injuries, many of which are susceptible to life- and limb-threatening microbial infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacteria. Nitric oxide is a powerful, broad spectrum antimicrobial agent that is naturally produced by the immune system. Nitric oxide’s ability to attack multiple cellular targets limits the chance for bacteria to develop resistance to it. The use of nitric oxide to treat infections has been hindered by the challenges associated with chemically storing the gas into a solid state and controlling its release. Novan’s nitric oxide-releasing silica technology, Nitricil™, overcomes the past issues with nitric oxide-based therapeutics because it effectively stores large quantities of nitric oxide gas and allows the release to be “tuned” for use in acute trauma scenarios or longer term wound care applications. The technical innovation and flexibility of Nitricil™ clearly separates it from all other nitric oxide storage scaffolds. The goal of this Phase I research is to demonstrate the tunability of the Nitricil™ platform and the stability of topical gels packaged in portable, single use sachets which may ultimately lead to a series of topical wound care products for the treatment of military infections.

Magzor Corporation
3529 Old Conejo Rd Suite # 115
Newbury Park, CA 91320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 205-3230
Michael Glickman
ARMY 10-161      Awarded: 1/24/2011
Title:Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Fabrics for use with Soft Walled Shelters
Abstract:Traditionally, highly flexible EMI shielding fabrics have failed to block EMI in LF (30 – 150 kHz) range. This proposal will demonstrate a flexible polyester cloth with a copper and NiFe layer (best suited as an inner liner) that provides effective broad-spectrum EMI shielding that includes the LF frequency range – for minimal added cost, weight, and technological risk. To accomplish this feat, we will first use existing technology to electrolessly deposit a 300- nm-thick copper layer onto a polyester cloth without significant reduction in tensile yield strength to provide a seed layer and high frequency (f > 300 MHz) shielding, and then electroplate an additional layer of 200-nm-thick high permeability NiFe 80/20 (80% Ni, 20% Fe) to absorb LF EMI (essentially near-field magnetic fields). Magzor Corp. engineers will use thier expertise in electroplating extremely high permeability (µr=8500) NiFe (also known as Permalloy) to ensure that the shielding has substantially better attenuation at LF than a conductive non-magnetic material such as Cu or carbon nanotubes – technologies that are typically not even tested in the 30 – 150 kHz range. The permeability of the Permalloy (µr=8500) alloy is much higher than that of other electroplated metals such as Ni (µr=12) (10), which greatly improves the magnetic shielding capability. However, the permeability of our material is not high enough to be saturated by the earth’s magnetic field. This technique provides a minimum electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (EMISE) of 50 dB at 30 kHz, while only adding 11.5 g (0.41 oz) in weight and $1.5 in added cost for a square yard of material. This technique can also be used to metalize hook and loop connections (Velcro) to provide a quick and easy method of electrically connecting seams to minimize the maximum opening of the shield.

Integran Technologies USA Inc.
2541 Appletree Dr
Pittsburgh, PA 15241
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 607-0436
Ian Winfield
ARMY 10-161      Awarded: 1/24/2011
Title:Nanotechnology Enabled, Lightweight EMI Shielding Fabrics for use with Soft Walled Shelters
Abstract:The successful execution of this Phase I initiative will develop an optimized electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI) shielding fabric by electrodepositing metallic micro-layers of copper and a newly developed nanocrystalline ferromagnetic shielding alloy (Nanovate EM) a lightweight polymeric fabric, such as PET, and applying a final layer of paint. By this design, mid to super-high frequency EMI/RFI radiation will be shielding by the copper micro-layer, while low to mid frequency EMI/RFI radiation will be shielding by the Nanovate EM micro-layer. Additionally, the Nanovate EM layer will provide strength, durability, and wear resistance. The final paint layer will be applied for lightweight corrosion protection, mildew resistance, and to meet the color requirements. The primary acceptance criteria for this Phase I proposal will be a demonstration that the shielding fabric complies with the physical performance specifications (outlined by MIL-PRF-44103D) and the EMI/RFI shielding performance specifications while maintaining a weight less than 15 oz/yd2 and a full-scale production cost less than 30 $/yd2. It is anticipated that the Nanovate EM enabled fabric design will provide the necessary performance properties to meet the product requirements.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 757-5441
David J Irvin
ARMY 10-162      Awarded: 2/22/2011
Title:Melt Extrudable Nanocomposite Liquid Crystal Polymer Films
Abstract:Systems and Materials Research Company’s (SMRC’s) liquid crystalline polymer (LCP)- aluminosilicate nanocomposite films are the proposed replacement for the pin-holing and stress cracking foil layer in the Army’s Meals Ready-to-Eat. To replace the foil lined pouches, LCPs need two things: lower cost processing and better barrier properties. By processing the LCPs as nanocomposites, both are obtainable. Nanocomposites using natural aluminosilicate clays are used to increase the barrier and tensile properties in a variety of systems. The nanoclay plates act as non-melting smectic regions that are aligned with shear. These nanomaterials have also been found to increase the rate of crystallization of LCP by acting as nucleation sites. We will use the improved processing of LCP/ clay nanocomposites (LCP/NC) to produce uniaxial and biaxial thermally extruded sheet to produce single layer barrier films. Laminates of uniaxial films will be produced to emulate co- rotating die extrusion. Additional laminates will be produced to aid in heat sealing. We will produce 1-5 layer pouches that can be heat sealed using current commercial food packaging equipment. All films and laminates will be externally tested for oxygen and water permeation by MOCON.

Wizbe Innovations
167 Kerns Hill Rd
Manchester, ME 04351
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 622-3363
Robert Farrell
ARMY 10-163      Awarded: 3/1/2011
Title:Fabric with Variable Air Permeability for Use in Parachutes
Abstract:Identification and Significance of the Problem or Opportunity. Current Military parachute canopies are constructed from cloth that has a fixed air permeability. The level of air permeability in a fabric significantly affects the opening speed of the parachute, filling time, opening shock and rate of descent. The air permeability of the fabric remains cannot be altered once the canopy is constructed. Through the control the permeability of the fabric, the parachute canopies could be adapted in flight to provide improved stability, controlled descent, and even some directional control. The ability to actively change the fabric air permeability during flight will be beneficial to personnel and cargo airdrop. Actively altering the fabric permeability in all or portions of the canopy surface will allow the parachute designer to tailor the parachute performance during the canopy inflation and during steady descent for round parachutes or alter the lift and drag characteristics of guided parachutes for enhanced performance and higher accuracy.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Richard W. Guiler
ARMY 10-163      Awarded: 3/4/2011
Title:Electrospun piezo polymer fabric with actuated variable air permeability
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop an innovative variable permeability actuated fabric called AirGate for use in parachutes, flexible UAV wings and a variety of other military and commercial products. The AirGate fabric will utilize PSI’s proprietary electrospun fiber, fabric and membrane fabrication techniques to create unique fabric of piezo-polymers such as Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) along with traditional materials such as Nylon 6, to produce electrically actuated fabrics which can have tailored air permeability and mechanical properties. Not only does this technology offer the potential to solve problems such as opening shock for parachutes, but it may also create an entire new form of parachute flight where the parachute is controlled electrically by areas varying permeability and surface roughness. PVDF pressure sensing fibers would also create the possibility to monitor and control the entire pressure field in the parachute.

Rocky Research
1598 Foothill Dr PO Box 61800
Boulder City, NV 89006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(702) 293-085
Kaveh Khalili
ARMY 10-164      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:High Efficiency Mobile Ice Maker (HEMIM)
Abstract:Proposed is the development of a High Efficiency Mobile Ice Maker (HEMIM) for the Army that is capable of integrating DC power from solar PV cells. The proposed ice maker will include a variable capacity vapor compression system with variable air flow as per ambient temperatures. The Performance of the high efficiency cycle will be enhanced by the use of advanced variable speed drive and pulsating thermal expansion valve technologies. The intelligent control system will allow load tracking without the use of remote sensors and will have a self explanatory user interface. The High Efficient Mobile Ice Maker (HEMIM) product will operate at all relevant military supplied DC and AC voltages. The result will be a product that has more robust performance, smaller volume and lighter weight than competing technologies while attaining wide-ranging applicability.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1269
John Dieckmann
ARMY 10-164      Awarded: 2/11/2011
Title:Energy Efficient Ice Supply in Theatre (EEISIT)
Abstract:Large quantities of ice are needed to sustain war fighters and field-feeding in hot climates. Ice is used for drinking water and beverage cooling; for food preparation, serving, and preservation; and for medical purposes. At 8 lb/day per supported person, the logistical burden – transport resources and risk of death and injury to transport personnel – of delivering pre-produced ice or of producing ice at a forward operating base using electric power generated by a field genset is substantial. Ice-making technology that is suitable for operation on photovoltaic (PV) power could reduce this burden significantly. TIAX LLC is proposing an approach that will convert 100% of the supply water to ice, will sequence operations to fully utilize any available level of unconditioned PV power output, and that systematically maximizes the refrigeration efficiency and minimizes the various energy losses associated with ice making processes. The ice-making process is broken up into small, variable capacity steps. An intelligent control system will sequence and optimize which steps are powered at any given time, so that when PV output is insolation-limited, it is fully utilized.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Gregory S. Cole
ARMY 10-164      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:Innovative Vapor Compression Ice Maker for Theatre of War
Abstract:Currently, all ice used on Forward Operating Bases is transported in, putting soldiers in harm’s way during transport and using large quantities of fuel in the process. Mainstream proposes a vapor compression ice making system that will produce ice during the night and store during the day. Mainstream’s system has a COP of 2.24, which exceeds the 2.0 requirement of the solicitation. Detailed cycle analysis and major component selection have already been completed and the majority of the thermal system components are commercial- off-the-shelf-components ensuring rapid transition to fielded hardware. In Phase I, Mainstream will develop an evaporator with guidance from the Army who will specify desired ice shape. A full scale assembly of the ice making system will then be built and tested for performance verification. In the Phase I Option, Mainstream will design and optimize power electronics for multiple power sources and also an antibacterial/cleaning system.

Technical Products, Inc.
50 Pratt's Junction Road
Sterling, MA 01564
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 422-3400
Paul Chambers
ARMY 10-166      Awarded: 1/31/2011
Title:Overhead Threat Protection (OTP)
Abstract:In expeditionary environments, shelters such as the Tent Expandable Modular PERsonnel (TEMPER) tent continue to be the primary means of housing command, communications and administrative functions and for the ‘hotel’ accommodation of our soldiers. In this same environment the increased occurrence of mortar and rocket attacks has significantly raised the threat to our troops from blast and fragmentation. Although sandbags, concrete barriers, and other defense walls have traditionally provided added ballistic protection for our troops, overhead protection from indirect fire for these ‘soft’ shelters has always been lacking. The army is now pursuing is a method to provide this additional overhead protection plus offer the stand-off initiation of RPGs in a configuration applicable to soft shelters. At the completion of the Phase I effort, TPI will have designed an Overheard Threat Protection (OTP) frame structural system to meet the U.S. Army requirements to provide force protection to a wide range of soft walled shelter systems. We will have completed Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and provided analysis of the overpressure impulse loading and static loading of the OTP system. In addition, we will have fabricated a 1:3 scale proof-of-concept model of the OTP system demonstrating the protection/coverage possibilities and deployability characteristics.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 185
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 601-7847
Jon Watkins
ARMY 10-167      Awarded: 1/3/2011
Title:Algorithms for Ground Soldier Based Simulations and Decision Support Applications
Abstract:The Army has invested millions of dollars in large computer generated forces (CGF) applications, supporting constructive and virtual use cases. These applications have embedded algorithms and concepts intended to help simulated entities make automated decisions. These algorithms could directly benefit soldiers outside of a training context, including support for mission rehearsal, tactical decision aids, what if analysis, and more. Similarly, algorithms developed for the operational community, such as Battlefield Terrain Reasoning Awareness (BTRA) could benefit the CGF systems. Opportunities exist to create common algorithms for tactical decision aids supporting both the constructive and operational communities. For Phase I, we propose to focus on two key “foundational” aspects. First, we will focus on low-level terrain and situational awareness primitives required to automate behaviors, such as cover and concealment locations and path planning. Second, we will focus on practical, real world mechanisms to push such low-level decision aids to front line soldiers on mobile or embedded platforms. For Phase II and beyond, Dignitas will focus more on automated behavior generation and automation, both to support CGF scenario planning and advanced tactical decision aids for an operational context.

Technology Solutions Experts Inc.
209 West Central Street Suite 300
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-2232
Daniel Rice
ARMY 10-167      Awarded: 12/29/2010
Title:Algorithms for Ground Soldier Based Simulations and Decision Support Applications
Abstract:There is an increasing need among military organizations for methodologies and algorithms that enhance realistic autonomous agent behavior in constructive modeling and simulation. Application and understanding of real-world elements will be essential in identifying the decisions to support and represent important factors such as METT-TC. This proposal provides a foundation for the development of methodologies and algorithms that will 1) improve scenario creation time and realism when implemented into constructive simulations and 2) serve as an analytical base for the development of useful decision support tools for small combat units.

Thermal Storage Systems, Inc.
5646 Valley Oak Dr.
Los Angeles, CA 90068
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 270-7393
Alan Spero
ARMY 10-168      Awarded: 2/7/2011
Title:Selfpowered Solar Water Heater
Abstract:Thermal Storage Systems proposes a lightweight mobile solar-powered hot-water ("SHW") system that meets or exceeds the requirements of the solicitation. We have placed particular emphasis on ruggedness, operational flexibility, 24-hour availability and ease of deployment. The proposed system consists of five independent SHW modules each of which is equipped with a compact high temperature thermal storage device ("TSD")that allows the production of essentially instant hot water at flow rates up to 10GPM (50GPM in aggregate). Storage of hot water is therefore minimized. Electrical power to operate the system is also generated using energy from the TSD. The SHW will stow in two TRICONS and can be deployed quickly by relatively unskilled personnel. The methodology for deploying and re-packing the SHW is discussed. Given minimal Baghdad insolation, the system can meet the requirements without the need for liquid fueled heaters. However, a supplemental liquid fueled heater is proposed as an option, capable of pre-heating the system or providing continuous operation in the event of multiple cloudy days.

DaVin Corp.
2217 Rutland Place
Thousand Oaks, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 443-1674
Vish Upadhye
ARMY 10-168      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Selfpowered Solar Water Heater (Tracking)
Abstract:Commercially available solar water heating systems use mature renewable energy technologies which have been accepted for many years. However, they are often heavy (steel or aluminum frames, glass and steel pipe receivers encapsulated with glass insulating layers), are primarily designed for permanent installation on roofs, and are unsuitable and too fragile for mobile or temporary installations and require a gas or electric booster to provide sufficient quantities of water for daytime and nighttime use. By using a classic Cassegrain reflector geometry formed from mirror film laminated aluminum sheets as the primary mirror to concentrate solar energy on to a convex secondary mirror-film laminated extruded ‘half-pipe’ on to an insulated hybrid Electric/Thermal receiver, a lightweight collector assembly will be fabricated with sufficient heat gain when assembled into an array of such collectors will heat potable water through a heat exchanger for the four Force Provider 150 organizational systems.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Avinash Sarlashkar
ARMY 10-169      Awarded: 1/15/2011
Title:Fusing Macro and Micro Material Characteristics to Enhance Fatigue Life Prediction Accuracy for Spiral Bevel Gears
Abstract:Given the criticality of gears in the main and tail-rotor drivetrains for rotorcrafts, there is a need for robust life prediction tool that will provide improved design guidance, provide current health assessment as well as provide prognostics capabilities to support CBM initiatives at the Army. Typically, drivetrain for the main rotor uses a combination of spur gears and spiral bevel gears. The tail-rotor drivetrain rotor typically uses pairs of spiral bevel gears in both IGB and TRGB. In terms of the complexity of the geometry as well as the loading, the spiral bevel gears are most challenging. This complexity translates into the complexity of associated 3-D stress fields and further into fatigue life analysis. Developing robust prediction models for fatigue life is critical to minimizing the total cost of ownership for the existing platforms (H-60s) as well as the rotorcraft currently in the development (CH- 53Ks). Impact Technologies proposes to demonstrate an advanced fatigue life prediction environment that will consider both the macro- and micro-material aspects of typical gear materials. These material models will fuse the influences of macro-material characteristics such as hardness with micro-material characteristics such as residual stresses to develop a user-friendly yet accurate fatigue life prediction environment.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 241-1144
Raja Pulikollu
ARMY 10-169      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Fatigue Crack Initiation Prediction Tool for Rotorcraft Spiral Bevel Gears
Abstract:Current life prediction methods, such as AGMA, are empirical-based, deterministic in nature and cannot consider the effects of gear manufacturing processes, material microstructure and lubrication on fatigue strength. The estimated life is as good as the information entered by the user and it requires considerable design, manufacturing and field experience. In addition, current methods cannot take into account the influence of surface finish and residual stress profile (due to shot peening) on gear life. This leads to excessive overdesigns and conservative life predictions. In this program, Sentient will develop probabilistic fatigue crack initiation prediction tool using finite element method (FEM), mixed-elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) model, microstructure model, and probabilistic physics-based fatigue damage method. FEM and mixed-EHL methods will be used to estimate contact pattern and true stresses in spiral bevel gear. The microstructure model along with fatigue damage model will be used to predict time to crack initiation. When complete, the life prediction tool can be used to predict the influence of variation in manufacturing processes (carburization, shot peening), and material macro and microstructural properties on gear fatigue life.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(987) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
ARMY 10-170      Awarded: 1/26/2011
Title:Nanoinfusion Technology for Low-Cost, Lightweight, Transparent Armor
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group, Inc (CRG) will use a patented technology called nanoinfusion to develop a manufacturing process for bulk production of high-purity, nanometer-sized optical ceramic powders suitable for low-cost, lightweight, transparent armor. The traditional ballistic glass laminate structures that have been used previously in combat vehicles are so heavy that the windows must be kept small, which limits the situational awareness of the combatants. Compared with traditional ballistic glass, the transparent ceramic armor types, such as Al2O3, ALON, or spinel, offer a considerable improvement in mechanical performance, on the order of 50%, which directly translates to reduced weight, and would allow for larger windows with an increased field of view. For transparent ceramic armor that is currently in use, the grain size is typically 150-250 microns, so there is still a great deal of room for improvement. The nanoinfusion process is a highly scalable, cost-effective process for creating nanoparticles on the order of 5-10 nanometers, which will allow for a significant grain size reduction in Al2O3, ALON, or spinel materials. The higher mechanical performance offered by the material with reduced grain size would allow for less material to be employed, giving a gain in both weight and cost considerations.

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540)626-6266
Vince Baranauskas
ARMY 10-170      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:Optically Transparent, Ballistic Protective HybridSil Armor for Combat Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to adapt NanoSonic’s HybridSil armor technology for use as low cost, lightweight transparent ballistic materials for U.S. Army combat vehicles. The proposed effort will be an extension of NanoSonic’s HybridSil ballistic / blast protective core technology which has independently validated durability against landmine explosives, V50 values > 4,000 ft/s to 3/8” A36 steel panels, and exceptional flame resistance. HybridSil has also been engineered to provide transparent high velocity fragment protective coatings for polycarbonate combat eyewear and will be further augmented during this program to provide next generation optically transparent armor capable of meeting threat level 3A per ATPD 2352P while affording an areal density of 1.25 g / cm3, cost of $15.0 / sq. inch. To that end, a series of transparent HybridSil panels will be produced and qualified for threat level 3A durability with team partner SwRI. Further, predictive models will be generated to conceptually optimize candidate armor materials. In support of a rapid transition to M-ATV side windows, HybridSil resins have a current production capacity of 4,000 lbs / day, a MRL of 4, and have been integrated onto combat active DoD platforms for trial evaluations.

Frontier Performance Polymers Corporation
3328 Belt Road
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Jerry Chung
ARMY 10-170      Awarded: 6/14/2011
Title:Innovative Cost-Effective Lightweight Transparent Armor for Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR project is to develop a novel lightweight and cost-effective transparent armor technology for M-ATV combat vehicle to replace current fielded heavy transparent armor to maximize the situational awareness. The technical objectives of this SBIR is to develop the transparent armor that achieves weight saving of more than 50%, thickness reduction, better optical properties, meeting ballistic requirements, cost increase less than three times, and meeting all operational requirements compared to the current fielded transparent armor. During the Phase I and Phase I Option, Frontier will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed concept and innovation, identify and address the present technical hurdles, perform proof-of-principle validation as well as address the performance- cost, affordability, scalability, environmental suitability, and manufacturability issues. Moreover, the proposed transparent armor technology would be scalable to be used for any size of front or side window. The success in the Phase I effort will provide a solid foundation for the Phase II to conduct extensive performance validations for the proposed novel lightweight and low cost transparent armor technology for combat vehicles.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Sekyung Chang
ARMY 10-170      Awarded: 3/22/2011
Title:Low Cost Manufacturing of the Ballistic Resistant Transparent Spinel Windows
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will develop the ballistic resistant transparent spinel windows for armored vehicles. The ballistic resistant transparent spinel (magnesium aluminate spinel, MgAl2O4) windows should have high mechanical properties (strength and hardness) and the optical quality and environmental resistance of the windows should equal to or better than the requirements described in ATDP 2352P specification. The ballistic resistant transparent spinel windows also should provide better ballistic resistance in comparison to current ballistic glass, as well as significantly reducing the weight of the armored vehicle by using thinner windows than the current ballistic glass. The most important point of this proposal is to minimize the production cost of the windows to 3 times or less the cost of manufacturing current ballistic glass. This Phase I program will focus to low the over all manufacturing cost of the ballistic resistant transparent spinel windows through powder synthesis, powder processing, and sintering process.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Roger Xu
ARMY 10-171      Awarded: 2/18/2011
Title:A Modality-independent Quality Based Score Level Fusion System for Multimodal Biometric Authentication
Abstract:In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) proposes to build a modality-independent quality based score level fusion system for multimodal biometrics authentication. Our proposed system contains two major components: modality-independent quality estimator and synthetic data generator. The modality-independent quality estimator provides information about the confidence of the match score. The synthetic data generator synthesizes necessary training data for the genuine class based on the existing biometric database. The synthetic data will help improve the accuracy of both quality estimation and score fusion in the system.

Ultra-Scan Corporation
4240 Ridge Lea Road
Amherst, NY 14226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 832-6269
David Bartnik
ARMY 10-171      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:Validating the Superiority of Ultra-Scan Score-Level Fusion
Abstract:Ultra-Scan will leverage the company's previously developed multimodal fusion technology to quantify the accuracy and validate the performance of its Neyman-Pearson fusion software for use with mission critical tactical identification systems, verifying that a score level fusion matching capability is achievable. A platform independent interface will be developed to allow integration of Ultra-Scan’s fusion algorithm and corresponding training module with legacy multimodal biometric identification systems, culminating in the design of a test platform for automatic head-to-head performance comparisons between Ultra-Scan’s fusion software and operational tactical identification systems. The test platform will allow for quantifiable performance measurements resulting from the inclusion/exclusion of new matchers and modalities as they are developed, providing a valuable tool to appraise the effectiveness of future technologies.

Carnegie Robotics LLC
Ten 40th Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 327-0468
John Bares
ARMY 10-172      Awarded: 5/6/2011
Title:Obstacle Detection and Awareness via High-Resolution Monocular Video
Abstract:Armored vehicle crewmen, particularly drivers, have always been challenged by limited visibility. Vision blocks provide narrow and restricted views of the outside world and can severely impair driver performance, especially when operating at higher speeds and in complex urban environments. Driver’s vision systems typically provide a low-resolution, narrow field of view to the driver which gives very little situational awareness. In many cases, drivers must operate with significant blind spots and low-quality imagery which cannot readily distinguish fine details at any distance in situations of high-stress and extreme distraction. These are exactly the circumstances under which good vision is critical. We will produce an enhanced driver’s vision camera—dubbed Intelligent Monocular Camera (IMC)—which combines a high-resolution, wide field of view color imager with integrated processing and advanced computer vision algorithms for obstacle detection and classification. The system includes an innovative driver interface and is designed to be easily retrofitted to a variety of existing displays and input devices. The IMC system provides a wide range of benefits and capabilities including virtual pan/tilt/zoom, increased situational awareness, automatic obstacle and threat warnings, and the ability to zoom in on and automatically track targets of interest.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Camille Monnier
ARMY 10-172      Awarded: 4/19/2011
Title:Obstacle Detection and Intelligent Notification (ODIN)
Abstract:Soldiers in the field increasingly use mechanical pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) video cameras to operate systems, whether from below the closed hatch of an infantry carrier vehicle or through the operator control unit of an Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV). However, mechanical PTZ cameras force the user to choose between wide-angle imagery that provides a valuable “big picture,” but contains insufficient detail to detect or recognize distant objects, or narrow-angle imagery that captures the details needed to identify important objects (e.g., obstacles), but removes key contextual information, reducing situational awareness and making visual search difficult and fatiguing. Our proposed solution is a mobility aid for performing Obstacle Detection and Intelligent Notification (ODIN). The system detects and tracks potential obstacles in high-resolution (multi-mega- pixel) monocular video, produces region-of-interest cues and threat rankings, and presents the information to one or more users via an intuitive Virtual Pan-Tilt-Zoom (VPTZ) framework. ODIN leverages our existing obstacle detection and tracking technologies together with novel feature extraction and search strategies to achieve real-time detection and tracking of potential obstacles at long distances, and is largely hardware-agnostic.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1612
Thomas R. Halford
ARMY 10-173      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:Untethered Secure Video Transmission
Abstract:Existing increments of the Mounted Soldier System provide wireless voice communications; future increments will further require untethered video connectivity to a distance of 500 meters. Owing to the sensitivity of the transmitted data and the size, weight, and power (SWaP) constraints of helmet-mounted systems, a number of unique requirements can be identified for an Untethered Secure Video Transmission sub-system of the MSS including waveform covertness (LPI/LPD), waveform robustness (dynamic multipath resistance), low- SWaP crypto, and video Quality of Service (QoS). TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. (“TrellisWare”) and its subcontracting partner ViaSat Inc. presently propose to develop an Untethered Secure Video Transmission system that meets precisely these requirements. In particular, we will synthesize (i) TrellisWare’s advanced waveform technology, (ii) ViaSat’s FPGA-based Type I crypto, and (iii) TrellisWare’s MIL-STD-810 certified software defined radio (SDR) platforms in this innovative research and development effort.

Torrey Pines Logic, Inc.
12651 High Bluff Dr. #300
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 965-9512
Michael Strauss
ARMY 10-173      Awarded: 3/14/2011
Title:Untethered Video Transmission
Abstract:As the data, intelligence, and information become a larger part of the battlefield, soldiers are relying more on helmet mounted displays (HMD) in order to provide a method to not only keep critical data within easy reach, but to also stay as covert as possible by eliminating the screen glare from a laptop. Soldiers from all areas are beginning to use HMDs, including the Nett (Land) Warrior program and various crewmen of vehicles. However, there is a large drawback to the systems that needs significant remediation. Current HMD and headsets require cables to be routed from the soldier’s body worn or vehicle mounted systems to the devices on their helmets and heads. TPL is offering to provide an optical communication solution allowing very high speed Personal Area Network (PAN) connecting the HMD to the rest of the gear, including radios, computer and other comm equipment.

Advanced Rotorcraft Technology, Inc.
635 Vaqueros Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 523-5100
Chengjian He
ARMY 10-174      Awarded: 2/24/2011
Title:Precision Autonomous Virtual Flight Control
Abstract:A virtual flight simulation provides a cost effective tool for testing the aircraft systems and evaluating the controllability for new aircraft designs and upgrades of existing designs. Development of a virtual pilot that can address a range of rotorcraft maneuvers and which can be adapted to various aircraft configurations with a high degree of precision is a demanding task. Although there are techniques for developing virtual pilot models for various applications, most current methods require manual tuning of the virtual pilot for each helicopter configuration and for each maneuver in order to achieve an accurate execution of demanding maneuvers. Under this SBIR, ART proposes to develop a unified tool set that can accomplish the task effectively. The problem of accuracy, robustness, and efficiency of a virtual pilot will be addressed in order to provide the analyst with an efficient and integrated tool set. The aspect of tool usability or the user-friendliness will also be addressed through the development of a graphical user interface that will facilitate the use of the application. The innovation involved is the integration of the diverse technologies of rotorcraft modeling, control, and optimization into a unified tool that is efficient and effective in providing an accurate and repeatable control history to drive nonlinear rotorcraft models through user defined mission profiles.

AVID LLC
120 Newsome Drive Suite A
Yorktown, VA 23692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-0067
John Ohanian
ARMY 10-174      Awarded: 2/15/2011
Title:Virtual Pilot for High-Fidelity Rotorcraft Simulation
Abstract:AVID will implement and compare the performance of two algorithms to provide robust solutions to the problem of calculating control inputs for user-specified trajectories: an ‘indirect’ dynamic inversion approach that inverts the vehicle aerodynamic model to provide the control inputs necessary for the desired dynamics, and a ‘direct’ numerical optimization approach using Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) optimization. Trade studies between the two methods will show the relative strengths and weaknesses, and provide direction for Phase II development. AVID will leverage its experience in aerospace design tools development, modeling, and simulation to provide an easy-to-use, 3D graphics-based interface that will make user specification of vehicle states simple and intuitive. The system will be designed in a modular fashion such that it will easily integrate with high-fidelity simulation facilities or function in a stand-alone mode.

Traclabs, Inc.
100 Northeast Loop 410 Suite 520
San Antonio, TX 78216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 461-7884
Patrick Beeson
ARMY 10-175      Awarded: 4/27/2011
Title:PROWL: Perception for Robotic Operation Without Light
Abstract:At TRACLabs Inc., we believe that commercially-viable, nighttime sensing of the local 3D terrain is achievable in the near-term by careful selection and integration of sensing hardware and intelligent perception algorithms. Yet, multiple important research items do exist. Our Phase I aims are 1) to build a prototype sensor that synchronizes COTS thermal imagers into a stereo-camera head, 2) to demonstrate a PROWL prototype that produces a) stereo-based distance estimates, b) visual-odometry, and c) 3D maps in a controlled laboratory environment and 3) to provide an accurate assessment of the hardware and software extensions needed for the long-range Phase II system. For Phase II, we will extend our system 1) to enable outdoor 3D perception in natural low-light conditions and at driving speeds and 2) to provide 360 degree sensing. We will also focus on real-time driveability analysis from the 3D point clouds and on providing efficient, yet informative, 2.5D representations of the environment as part of the system's API. Long-term, we expect to integrate our system with specific unmanned military robots, including PackBot, Talon, ANDROS, and MULE platforms.

FiveFocal LLC
PO BOX 1109
Boulder, CO 80306
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 900-2317
Hans Wach
ARMY 10-175      Awarded: 6/14/2011
Title:Foveated Stereo IR (FoSIR) Imaging for Robotic Navigation
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a stereo infrared imaging system capable of simultaneously acquiring panoramic wide field of view for autonomous mapping and navigation, and a rapidly steerable high resolution field of view to improve human perception and collision avoidance for high speed teleoperation. Accurate teleoperation and 3D mapping on ground-based robotic assets is essential for improving operation of UGVs in unmapped, GPS denied arenas. The need for operation in dark, GPS- denied indoor and outdoor environments gives a strong motivation to extend vision based navigation and mapping to the IR spectral range. Some of the significant barriers for successful implementation of IR vision systems for mapping and localization include: the large size, weight, power consumption, and cost of IR systems, the lack of IR imaging systems optimized for 3D mapping and navigation, and the need for signal processing tailored to IR information which is distinct from visible imaging. In this Phase I project, FiveFocal will specifically address each of these barriers through the design of the imaging system and signal processing that extend the innovative dual channel sensor to the IR with the anticipated result of demonstrating IR mapping capability.

MKP Structural Design Associates, Inc.
6869 Marshall Rd.
Dexter, MI 48130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 426-5400
Zheng-Dong Ma
ARMY 10-176      Awarded: 2/3/2011
Title:An Innovative Ultra Lightweight Runflat Technology
Abstract:The objective of this research is to design, produce and manufacture an ultra lightweight runflat technology for Army vehicles, based upon the MKP patent-pending Negative Poisson Ratio (NPR) material system. Using MKP’s award-winning virtual prototyping and design modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities, we propose, in cooperation with Oshkosh, to develop, prototype and validate a runflat tire system, NPR-runflat, for the M-ATV that: a) weighs less than 50 pounds per tire, b) is fully compatible with the existing Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS), c) can be driven at least 30 miles on paved surface (at a speed of 30 mph), d) can be driven onroad and offroad, e) can be manufactured for the M-ATV as well as other Army and commercial vehicle applications.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1886
Chris Hemmelgarn
ARMY 10-176      Awarded: 4/5/2011
Title:Passive Adaptive Run-on-Flat (RoF) Tires
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) will develop and demonstrate a novel Run-on-Flat (RoF) tire design that can be integrated with the Army’s Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS). The most common designs of RoF tires exhibit a very thick sidewall as compared to conventional tires or utilize an inner tire to support weight of the vehicle if the tire is deflated. These designs drastically increase the system weight and adversely effect ride performance. CRG will generate alternative RoF tire designs aimed at eliminating these adverse affects traditionally associated with RoF tires while focusing on concepts that reduce overall system weight, and can be easily integrated with current CTIS systems. CRG will leverage over $1 million in passive-adaptive structure development as well as previous RoF tire design experience, to develop conceptual designs, build feasibility prototypes and perform validation testing.