---------- NAVY ----------

124 Phase I Selections from the 10.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
NAVY 103-193      Awarded: 4/7/2011
Title:Fuel Efficient Forward Operating Base (1001-596)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. proposes to identify the most promising alternatives for the Marine Corps to become more energy efficient, particularly in company-sized forward operating bases (FOBs). Energy use at FOBs can be very high and the logistics of delivering fuel are a major problem. In Phase I Triton will develop an analytical model of the power and ECU loads for a small and medium FOB. The model will start with a baseline using current Marine Corps equipment. Using the model, the team will conduct a sensitivity analysis to determine how making equipment changes affect fuel usage. Several innovative concepts will be evaluated to determine what would have the largest impact on energy usage balanced against logistics considerations and cost.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Greg Cole
NAVY 103-193      Awarded: 4/14/2011
Title:High Efficiency Environmental Control for Forward Operating Bases
Abstract:This proposal addresses the single largest consumer of ground-based power at Forward Operating Bases and conservatively results in annual fuel savings greater than $150 million. U.S. forces currently consume about 300,000 barrels of petroleum-based fuels per day. During wartime OPTEMPO, generators burn more fuel than any other single source including aircraft. Environmental Control Units (ECUs) used to condition shelter air space consume 70-80% of generator power. Mainstream proposes a new method of providing environmental control to forward-deployed military shelters that will result in a system that is 33% smaller, 18% lighter, and 25% more fuel efficient. This proposal presents the preliminary design. In Phase I, Mainstream will complete the detailed design and perform experimental tests to validate the efficiency improvement and business case for transitioning the proposed system to the military. In Phase II, Mainstream will fabricate and demonstrate a full scale system. Mainstream, a recognized leader in military heating and cooling systems, is well poised to develop and field the proposed system.

Hy-Tek Manufacturing Co. Inc.
1998 Bucktail Lane
Sugar Grove, IL 60554
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 466-7664
John Jude
NAVY 103-193      Awarded: 4/14/2011
Title:Remote Environmental Control Unit (RECU) For Fuel Efficient FOBs
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of an energy efficient Environmental Control Unit (ECU) that significantly reduces generator fuel consumption at military forward operating bases (FOB). This system, coined Remote Environmental Control Unit (RECU) promises to provide a reliable supply of conditioned air to tactical shelters without the use of conditioned air ductwork. Through the introduction of this high efficiency environmental equipment, overall power consumption, peak demand and consequently FOB generator fuel requirements will be significantly reduced. A key benefit of RECU deployment will be a considerable reduction in generator maintenance logistics compared to that currently necessary to support ECU operation and other power requirements at FOBs. RECU development will integrate several proven energy efficient technologies into an easily deployed unit without the need for modification of existing military FOB infrastructure.

BLACK VELVET SOLAR, INC
2 Tilbury Court
Chapel Hill, NC 27517
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 545-0075
Vladislav Oleynik
NAVY 103-193      Awarded: 4/15/2011
Title:Fuel Efficient Microgrid for Forward Operating Base (FOB)
Abstract:using its proprietary patent pending Power Controllers BVSI will operate a micro grid that will 1) increase the efficiency of electrical motors, 2) integrate renewable energy sources and power storage options seamlessly, and reduce fuel consumption by ~50%.

Marine Design Dynamics, Inc.
758 11th Street SE
Washington, DC 20003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 380-5910
Jon Buck
NAVY 103-193      Awarded: 4/19/2011
Title:Fuel Efficient Forward Operating Base (FOB)
Abstract:Marine Design Dynamics, Inc. is pleased to propose an advanced, analytical method for the development of concepts and systems to improve energy efficiency and reduce logistics requirements to sustain USMC Forward Operating Bases (FOB). In its simplest form, our concept is to provide a capability to design more energy efficient FOBs, or given a fixed FOB design, to develop better operating guidelines and principles for its operation. A model to support this capability and a script guiding its effective use will be developed. MDD’s solution is through the use of the FOB Energy Generation, Distribution, and Consumption (EGDC) model, which will be the key tool to assist with the assessment of efficiency gains in the full spectrum of FOB energy generation, distribution, and consumption systems. MDD intends to leverage past performance experience, coupled with subject matter expert analysis, in developing a pragmatic and cost effective EGDC model. It will incorporate parameters representing the structure performance of present FOB energy system configurations. The consideration of FOB energy generation, distribution, and consumption as a total integrated system within the model supports the establishment of a variety of reliable baselines for later assessment, establishing credibility of subsequent analysis and reporting.

Intelligent Power & Energy Research Corporation
PO Box 616
Fort Montgomery, NY 10922
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 781-0023
Darrell Massie
NAVY 103-193      Awarded: 4/26/2011
Title:Fuel Efficient Forward Operating Base (FOB)
Abstract:IPERC will further develop our Intelligent Power Controller (IPC), an intelligent power management system, to reduce fuel consumption, decrease maintenance requirements and improve operational capabilities for the US military. We will refine a plug-and-play power grid that can be used across a broad range of power generation and loads characteristic of Marine Corps needs.The Intelligent Power Controller (IPC) consists of artificial intelligence software contained within a compact, portable hardware casing. The plug–and- play integrated devices of the IPC are able to learn from experience, self-correct and predict future performance. It is deployable across a decentralized network of energy generation or energy consumption equipment and can communicate with multiple IPCs. The IPC is an advanced modeling system which fundamentally changes the structure of supervisory controls and eliminates the need for centralized SCADA systems.

Yankee Scientific, Inc.
93 West St.
Medfield, MA 02052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 359-7999
David Brownell
NAVY 103-194      Awarded: 5/17/2011
Title:High Efficiency Renewable Energy System
Abstract:A technology enabling program is proposed that will result in the development of a high efficiency renewable energy system. This novel package will be able to continuously produce 5 kW of electric power when coupled to a Stirling Engine based Power Conversion Unit. Whenever possible the heat needed to drive the Stirling Engine will come from a sun tracking solar concentrator. An auxiliary logistics fueled burner will supplement the solar heat input when necessary. This Light Amplifying Mobile Power (LAMP) system will utilize multiple Fresnel mirror segments that when deployed create an economical rigid reflector assembly that mimics the behavior of a parabolic dish concentrating collector. By using square Fresnel mirror segments to form the mirror array, the segments can be folded to allow for compact stowage on a Light Tactical Trailer (LTT) platform. Methods for fabricating the mirror segments will be developed and high reflection coatings and protective over coatings will be investigated. The concentrator will have both azimuth and altitude drives to produce the maximum daily power. During this Phase I program a Fresnel mirror subsection will be fabricated utilizing the manufacturing techniques developed during the program. A full sized LAMP prototype is planned for Phase II.

Iris Technology Corporation
PO Box 5838
Irvine, CA 92616
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 975-8410
Carl Kirkconnell
NAVY 103-194      Awarded: 5/18/2011
Title:Open Architecture, High Efficiency Renewable Energy System (HERES)
Abstract:Iris Technology proposes to develop an Open Architecture, High Efficiency Renewable Energy System that has at its core an efficient, smart, highly flexible Controller. The Iris HERES will be equipped with state of the art renewable energy technology that provides the best balance of performance, economic value, and battlefield survivability in a HMMWV trailer-mounted compatible package. The Open Architecture will yield a design that is readily upgradeable as new renewable energy technologies emerge. Risk is substantially reduced by maintaining close legacy to the SPACES and GREEN Controller designs.

HDM Systems Corporation
500 Lincoln Street
Allston, MA 02134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 562-4054
David Liu
NAVY 103-194      Awarded: 5/17/2011
Title:Adaptive Hybrid Power System
Abstract:HDM Systems Corporation, with partners ZeroBase Energy and Raytheon, propose system solutions that address the shortcomings of the DREAMS system referenced in topic NAVY 103- 194: inefficiency, weight, bulkiness, and high cost. The team has worked on various aspects of a previous HMMWV towable 5-10KW renewable “nano grid” system. HDM’s team proposes the Adaptive Hybrid Power System (AHPS), which employs an innovative methodology to track and optimize real-time renewable energy utilization. HDM also proposes component level innovations to achieve high system efficiency for power conversion. This new approach implements next generation semiconductors in power electronics designs, thus greatly improving thermal performance. In addition the new approach leverages lithium-ion storage that will be monitored by a precision power management system which accurately predicts the SOC (state-of-charge) and SOH (state- of-health). The system packaging employs lightweight solar panels, in concert with a universal racking system, and an overall design aimed at allowing lithium-ion to ship with the system as a HAZMAT hardened container. The AHPS simplifies deployment, minimizes system size and weight, and provides optimal power density to the Warfighter.

Windlift
39 School Street
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 619-7780
Matthew Bennett
NAVY 103-194      Awarded: 4/26/2011
Title:Rapidly Deployable Trailer Mounted Airborne Wind Energy System
Abstract:In this SBIR, Windlift proposes to develop a rapidly-deployable renewable energy system that can be towed by an HMMWV and provides at least three quarters of a forward operating unit’s energy needs in Class 2 wind areas. This development will be based on Windlift’s Airborne Wind Energy (AWE) technology, which has been previously demonstrated. The AWE technology utilizes a flexible airfoil tethered to a mobile base station to harness power from the wind. The technology in its current state requires an operator to control the flight of the airfoil using a fly-by-wire interface. One of the key technical innovations of this SBIR will be the development of an automated control system that permits unattended operation. Another key innovation will be the development of a new control paradigm for the AWE system that enables a smaller and lighter footprint while increasing the power output. The proposed AWE system will have a rated capacity of 23 kW and will be coupled to a 40 kW-hr battery pack. Both the system and the battery will be mounted to an LTT trailer that is towable by an HMMWV. The system will be hybridized with a 5 kW generator to ensure reliable power delivery.

Infinia Technology Corporation
6811 WEST OKANOGAN PLACE
KENNEWICK, WA 99336
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 737-2144
Ross Galbraith
NAVY 103-194      Awarded: 4/21/2011
Title:High Efficiency Renewable Energy System
Abstract:Infinia Technology Coporation (ITC) will develop a Tactical Solar Hybridization Module (TaSHM) for integration with a modified version of Infinia’s dish/Stirling PowerDishTM concept. The TaSHM will be a device capable of delivering continuous heat input to a Stirling convertor, seamlessly switching between solar and liquid fuel sources, and storing up to 1 hour of solar and/or combustion input as heat to be converted to electricity as needed. Heat to drive the system can be derived from solar sources, logistical fuel sources, or both, to provide a continuous 3-kWe output per system. Integrating all this functionality into 1 system alleviates the necessity to carry batteries or diesel generators to provide continuous power.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Jeremy Shipman
NAVY 103-195      Awarded: 11/15/2010
Title:Rotor-Airwake Aerodynamic Coupling in Real-Time Simulation
Abstract:An innovative approach for incorporating the coupled interaction between a ship airwake and rotor downwash in real-time dynamic interface simulations is proposed. The approach will use a database of high-fidelity ship-alone and coupled rotor-ship airwake CFD simulations to train an artificial neural network (ANN) based model of the recirculation effects due to the rotor downwash interaction with ship structures. Once trained, the ANN model will provide a real-time correction factor to the rotor inflow velocities used by the rotor model in the flight simulation. The ANN model will thus provide a portable, fast-running, plug-in model to the flight simulator that will work with the current rotor and airwake models employed in the NAVAIR Manned Flight Simulator (MFS). Phase I will evaluate the feasibility of this approach for a single ship-rotorcraft combination and a fixed approach path, and assess the suitability of the model by comparing to a fully coupled CFD simulation. In Phase II, the ANN model would be trained with a larger database of simulations, expanding the applicability of the model for a full helicopter simulation, and be implemented into the MFS flight simulator. Phase III would involve expanding the model for all ship-aircraft combinations of interest.

Cascade Technologies Incorporated
2445 Faber Place #100
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 521-0243
Bono Wasitho
NAVY 103-195      Awarded: 12/15/2010
Title:Real-Time Simulation Methodology for Rotor-Airwake Interactions
Abstract:The overall objective of this proposal is to develop a physics based methodology that is capable of simulating two-way coupled, non-linear interaction of ship-airwake and helicopter rotor-wake in flow-through in a real-time fashion, and to demonstrate the prototype method in the Manned Flight Simulator (MFS) for a piloted simulation. We focus on demonstrating the critical importance of taking fully into account the non-linear two-ways interactions between the ship airwake and the rotor-wake of a helicopter landing on a ship deck, and that the simulation can proceed in real time by exploiting graphics-processing-unit (GPU) based parallel computation techniques. To achieve this objective, we rely upon the following technology components,1) GPU based parallelism,2) adaptive vorticity confinement (AVC) technique,3) efficient and flexible rotor models,4) efficient numerical method for block-structured inviscid flow system5) dynamic/moving overset grid to model rotor in maneuver6) Simulink based coupling of CFD and flight-simulatorIn Phase-1 the feasibility of the above real-time methodology will be demonstrated for realistic rotor-airwake interactions with the rotor-wake in stationary position in the vicinity of a generic ship superstructure. In Phase II, the proposed real-time modeling approach is extended to account for the circulation effects of a helicopter moving through the ship airwake in real- time. A decomposition technique of linear and non-linear regimes of interaction is employed to maximize computational efficiency. The software enhancement and its validation will be carried out entirely in GPU based computational framework.

D&P LLC
3409 N. 42nd Pl.
Phoenix, AZ 85018
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 957-2868
Lei Tang
NAVY 103-195      Awarded: 11/19/2010
Title:Reduced-order Modeling of Rotor-Airwake Aerodynamic Coupling
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project proposes to develop a reduced-order model (ROM) of rotor- airwake aerodynamic coupling for further incorporation into a real-time flight simulator. A CFD rotor-airwake database will be used to design the reduced-order model. The output of the algorithm is the complete flow field (U, V and W velocities at all grid points) of the domain with rotor positioned at a specified hovering location near a backward-facing step. During this phase, the feasibility of the ROM approach will be demonstrated by comparing the output of the algorithm to data generated by a fully coupled rotor-airwake computation. In the next phase, this approach will be extended to explore the applicability of the method to a helicopter moving through the ship airwake in real-time.

VorCat, Inc.
14 Freas court
North Potomac, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 498-6150
Jacob Krispin
NAVY 103-195      Awarded: 11/19/2010
Title:Rotor-Airwake Aerodynamic Coupling in Real-Time Simulation
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project addresses the problem of accurately predicting interactions between helicopter rotor downwash and environmental turbulence encountered during shipboard landing and/or hovering in confined spaces. Anticipating the effect of ship wake on rotor aerodynamics is critical for accurate real time dynamic simulation of helicopter hovering and landing on ships at sea. Such complex flows are poorly served bytraditional grid-based methodologies that tend to be overly diffusive andrequire elaborate means for accommodating high Reynolds number effects.In contrast, the hybrid VorCat scheme is non-diffusive and by its minimal,localized need for a mesh, better situated for such complex flow applications.The proposed study aims to exploit the opportunities presented by VorCat to construct accurate and reliable means for correcting current CFD solutions incorporated in dynamics simulators so as to encompass coupling between rotor downwash and shipboard turbulence. Achieving the capabilities proposed here can be expected to significantlyraise interest in VorCat among companies and DOD agencies faced with complexapplications including those with rotor flows and wakes thereby improving the overallmarketability of the VorCat approach. With the expertise acquired in this project, even moreambitious applications of VorCat code can be anticipated in the future.

RJ Lee Group, Inc
350 Hochberg Road
Monroeville, PA 15146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 998-3649
Dennis Moore
NAVY 103-196      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Life and Reliability Prediction for Turbopropulsion Systems
Abstract:The predictability in assessing an engine’s shop direct maintenance cost is largely a result of the significant reliability improvements inherent in today’s engine technology and a result of the introduction of on-condition maintenance. Engine on-condition maintenance seeks to do away with “hard-time” interval removal and prescribes routine monitoring of key operational parameters to drive removal.A by-product of these reliability improvements and the on-condition maintenance philosophy is a greater reliance on software and statistical analysis to predict the frequency of engine shop visit events and their corresponding shop visit costs. Estimating an appropriate direct maintenance cost therefore, requires careful forecasting of the equipments on-wing life as well as an accurate assessment of its capability to achieve that life and understanding the costs involved in improving that capability.The requirement of any reliability software is to be able to statistically describe any of the data elements that can be used to drive a prediction of on-wing life and/or identify direct maintenance cost. This multi-faceted approach can then provide useful information to optimization software, cost or ATOW forecasting software or other useful tools that will provide engine program management and their customers the ability to accurately assess the condition of fielded systems, understand their capabilities and identify long term management needs to maintain and improve the performance of these systems through out their intended life and beyond.

American Technology & Services Inc.
11311 Cornell Park Drive Suite #124
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 469-6789
David Weber
NAVY 103-196      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Life and Reliability Prediction for Turbopropulsion Systems to Manage Maintenance Costs
Abstract:For un-fielded propulsion systems such as the Versatile Affordable Advanced Turbine Engine (VAATE), a technical approach is needed to predict reliability and maintenance cost. This predictive ability is of value because it will enable the designers to select materials and design configurations that have a higher probability of meeting maintenance cost goals. It would also enable prediction of engine maintenance metrics such as number of failures, mean time between maintenance events, and average time on wing for future systems. American Technology and Services, Inc. (ATS) has been a pioneer in the development of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis tools for the VAATE Initiative. The proposed research to extrapolate Weibull parameters from material properties and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) would dovetail well with ATS's Maintenance Cost Assessment Program (MCAP), thereby enabling an assessment of maintenance cost for future propulsion systems. High temperature environments, dwell times, and other factors will be examined to assess their impact on reliability. Physics-based stochastic models may be developed to analyze component fatigue. A large engine company is teamed with ATS for this research.

Mustard Seed Software, LLC
1634 Brandywine Drive
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(210) 867-1616
Simeon Fitch
NAVY 103-196      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Life and Reliability Software Tools for Turbopropulsion Systems
Abstract:We propose to develop an innovative methodology for life and reliability prediction of hot- section components in advanced turbo propulsion systems where the effects of the high heat dwell environment must be predicted accurately. This includes the activation of synergistic time-dependent damage modes—such as creep, stress corrosion, and stress rupture—in the presence of cycle-dependent fatigue crack initiation and growth. The proposed technology focuses on addressing the effects of these time-dependent damage modes in engine disks made from Nickel-based superalloys that could exhibit location-specific microstructures, microstructural variability, or evolution of microstructures after thermal exposures at elevated temperatures for extended time periods. The novel time-dependent fracture algorithm will be integrated with a commercial probabilistic life-prediction code—called DARWIN™—thereby complementing and extending a suite of existing reliability analysis tools for turbine engines. This will provide a full-lifecycle reliability analysis tool for aircraft engines being considered in the VAATE program.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
Cagatay Tokgoz
NAVY 103-197      Awarded: 11/15/2010
Title:Innovative improvements to High-Frequency Simulation Methods for Installed Antenna Performance
Abstract:It is critical to accurately predict radiation pattern, near fields and co-site coupling associated with antennas installed on electrically large airborne platforms, which can be addressed by asymptotic high frequency techniques such as the uniform geometrical theory of diffraction (UTD). However, innovative improvements are required in the development and application of these techniques due to challenges such as implementation of creeping wave mechanisms on faceted CAD models, identification of multiple order interactions and modeling of material treatments. Applied EM, Inc. developed a UTD based code, uCAST, to predict radiation pattern and coupling of antennas on electrically large aircraft platforms. Based on the experience with the development of this code, Applied EM proposes to enhance accuracy and efficiency of the code by improving its existing capabilities and implementing new capabilities. For this purpose, some benchmark problems that will address special needs of NAVAIR will be generated. Computed data from the uCAST code will be validated for these problems against computed data from a full-wave solver or measured data. Shortcomings of the existing capabilities and important missing interactions will be identified. The code will be enhanced accordingly to yield better accuracy.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 431-7413
Robert Kipp
NAVY 103-197      Awarded: 11/15/2010
Title:Innovative improvements to High-Frequency Simulation Methods for Installed Antenna Performance
Abstract:Delcross proposes to systematically validate the Savant and Savant-Hybrid solvers for a wide variety of problems. When shortcomings in existing methods are identified, they will be investigated and revised as necessary to provide good comparison with benchmark solutions. Our approach will first consider canonical problems involving PEC structures that are well understood. We will use Savant and a full-wave solver to run the canonical test cases and then compare the results. We will then perform validations of the material models in Savant by comparing Savant and full-wave simulations for simple geometries involving single and multi-layer dielectric materials and eventually work up to complex radomes. We will also work with NAVAIR to compare Savant simulations with measured data for an antenna mounted on an aircraft. We will consider additional platforms for which measured data exist and potentially design test cases to be measured in an anechoic chamber or at an outdoor range. We plan to implement advanced physics models in Savant to improve the existing models. Validation of the advanced physics models would occur as part of the proposed effort. Finally, the Savant-Hybrid solver currently under development will be validated through comparisons to measurements and full-wave solutions.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-8988
James Hom
NAVY 103-198      Awarded: 12/22/2010
Title:Multi-Evaporator Loop Thermal Storage (MELTS)
Abstract:This proposal introduces the multi-evaporator loop thermal storage (MELTS) system for increasing F-35 capability during extreme thermal missions where component failure is expected. The MELTS system comprises of a fuel and/or PAO primary loop with a two phase loop technology, phase change material (PCM) condenser, and a PCM freeze loop to freeze the PCM while the fuel/PAO is cold. The freeze loop allows cooling to temperatures the initial cold fuel/PAO temperature instead of the maximum allowable PAO/fuel temperature. This lower temperature provides additional cooling capacity when needed. The MELTS system is scalable and can be sized to meet or exceed the 5 kW transport and 2.5 kW-hr (9 MJ) energy storage requirements. The goals of Phase 1 include defining parameters, such as heat loads, operating temperatures, etc., necessary for the F-35 aircraft cooling system, creating analytical models, carrying out research, and refining the MELTS concept. During the Phase 1 option period, testing of various components of the system will be carried out. This includes testing to minimize PCM condenser weight, and to configure evaporators for thermal coupling to the fuel/PAO and components. Phase 2 will include fabrication of a subscale MELTS system.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joshua Sole
NAVY 103-198      Awarded: 12/22/2010
Title:Computational Design and Experimental Demonstration of a Novel High Efficiency PCM Heat Exchanger
Abstract:The thermal management system (TMS) within the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) can experience thermal overload during certain flight segments. During these segments it would be advantageous to store some of the excess thermal energy, and reject it via the normal heat rejection avenues at a later time when the thermal load is not excessive. Mainstream proposes an innovative thermal energy storage heat exchanger based on traditional phase change materials (PCMs) such as paraffins or hydrated salts. Mainstream’s concept eliminates the technological concerns typical associated with PCM heat exchangers such as: volumetric expansion, poor axial and radial thermal conductivity, and performance degradation after multiple melt/recharge cycles. Mainstream’s solution addresses these challenges by utilizing advanced materials, and an innovative heat exchanger design that significantly improves axial and radial conductivity, and eliminates the negative impact of volumetric expansion of the PCM. Mainstream has also already developed a multiphysics, multi-phase finite element model of a PCM heat exchanger that will aid in the design process and identify the optimal embodiment of the proposed heat exchanger innovations.

SPIRITECH Advanced Products, Inc.
731 N US Highway 1 Suite 1
Tequesta, FL 33469
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 741-3441
Mark Palusis
NAVY 103-198      Awarded: 12/22/2010
Title:Supplemental Cooling Using Phase Change Material for High Temperature Transient Capability
Abstract:A unique modular heat exchanger (HEX) incorporating Phase Change Material (PCM) is proposed for storing high transient thermal loads in the F-35 aircraft. The modular HEX employs a foam metal lattice within the PCM to enhance conduction. In addition, a foam metal lattice is included within the fuel coolant passages to enhance heat transfer by increasing surface area and by generating increased turbulence in the fuel. The PCM provides thermal storage for high transient thermal loads, allowing the baseline cooling system to be sized for steady-state loads, while the modular PCM system to be used for removing the high, off- design transient loads. This design approach allows the cooling system to be sized for the lower steady-state loads, minimizing its size and weight. The proposed Phase I analytical effort will demonstrate feasibility of the PCM HEX by analysis, while the Phase I OPTION will fabricate and test a HEX concept to validate the new analytical tools and demonstrate the PCM HEX concept. Test results will be used to refine the Phase I analytical tools and design, which will form the foundation of the Phase II detail design.

Shock Transients, Inc.
PO Box 5357
Hopkins, MN 55343
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 944-3539
David Davison
NAVY 103-199      Awarded: 12/21/2010
Title:Reactive Liner
Abstract:Shock Transients, Inc., (STI) will show feasibility of MPXI, an innovative liner material that releases energy in response to a strong shock stimulus but is otherwise safe and insensitive. STI's approach will be to analyze alternative MPXI blends and to test selected candidates for safety and performance.

Energetic Materials & Products, Inc.
1413 Brandi Lane
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 380-1992
Dennis Wilson
NAVY 103-199      Awarded: 12/20/2010
Title:Extremely Insensitive Reactive Liner
Abstract:The program goal is to develop, test and evaluate a group of extremely insensitive reactive materials (RM) that can be used in selectable output warheads. This novel class of RMs is based upon our current family of aluminized perfluoropolyether, non-ideal explosives (APEX). APEX compositions are shock initiated, but unlike conventional HEs, the reaction rate and duration can be specifically tailored by varying the shock strength and duration. The sensitivity of the new RMs will be controlled through the use of novel fluorine-oxygen molecules with different shock dissociation levels and reactive metals with different particle sizes and activation energies. A key advantage of these RMs is their high energy-density and gas production, which is desirable for enhanced target damage. The program contains both fundamental experiments, modeling and numerical simulations to help explain and interpret the data and understand the underlying chemistry and physics. After fundamental experimentation and screening, a few outstanding RMs will be selected for performance testing with different shock initiation schemes. The work plan contains aggressive goals and multiple tasks, made possible by leveraging previous results (in technically aligned programs), existing diagnostics and data to efficiently screen innovative RMs.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Michael Cutbirth
NAVY 103-200      Awarded: 11/8/2010
Title:Control Strategy and Optimization of Available Heat Sinks within Aircraft Thermal Management Systems for Maximizing Mission Life
Abstract:With the reduced emphasis on ram-air and the disadvantages of using engine fan-bypass air as heat sinks, onboard fuel has become increasingly popular to deposit waste heat. However, with advanced aircraft, such as the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), replacing traditional hydraulic-, mechanical-, and pneumatic-powered systems with high-powered electrical systems, the waste heat load can exceed the thermal capacitance of fuel being transported from the tanks to the main-engine combustor during low-thrust operational. Thus the fuel is recirculated to the tanks, lowering the remaining thermal capacity. The goal of the SBIR effort is to demonstrate a user-friendly interface and control software that monitors the remaining heat capacity of the onboard fuel. Mainstream’s approach will yield a software and hardware suite capable of not only monitoring the available thermal capacity of the fuel, but optimizing the utilization of on-board heat sinks (fuel and fan-bypass air for the JSF thermal management system). The Phase I effort will focus on the development of the control architecture and optimization strategy while demonstrating performance using operational mission profiles. The Phase II will focus on the user interface and demonstration of the integrated software and hardware with an experimental TMS representative of the JSF TMS.

Yankee Scientific, Inc.
93 West St.
Medfield, MA 02052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 359-7999
Eric Guyer
NAVY 103-200      Awarded: 11/8/2010
Title:Predictive Thermal Capacity Monitoring System
Abstract:The development of a predictive thermal capacity monitoring system for fuel-based cooling systems on aircraft is proposed. This new information system will operate to provide the pilot with an updated perspective on the operational status and capability of the fuel-based thermal management system. Using real time physical data, projected flight scenarios, and known operating characteristics of aircraft components, information concerning flight capability will be provided to the pilot. Largely using information available from existing instrumentation and operating systems, the system will track, predict, and possibly automatically manage thermal system cooling capacity. Appropriate microprocessor module and user interface technology will be applied. Development will be based on detailed system requirements and system architecture reviewed by Navy personnel. Target application is the F-35 aircraft.

PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3000 Kent Avenue, Suite C1-100
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 367-9017
Alex Heltzel
NAVY 103-200      Awarded: 11/8/2010
Title:Innovative Methods to Determine Thermal Capacity of Remaining Fuel Quantity Heat Sink in Real Time
Abstract:The primary objective of the proposed effort is to develop a real-time thermal capacity algorithm. The algorithm will be capable of quantifying remaining thermal capacity providing an assessment of mission capability. The algorithm will be derived from detailed models of the thermal management system and will be designed to adapt to the changing environmental and mission conditions. Initial development and testing in the base effort will leverage previously developed thermal models for proof-of-concept, with migration to higher fidelity representations in the proposed option effort. The implementation of the algorithm will be consistent with current diagnostic and hardware capability on-board modern survivable aircraft.

Raydiance, Inc.
2199 S. McDowell Blvd Suite 140
Petaluma, CA 94954
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 559-2146
Michael Mielke
NAVY 103-201      Awarded: 11/15/2010
Title:Fiber Delivery Systems for Ultrashort Pulse Lasers
Abstract:By virtue of their extremely short pulses, typically less than a picosecond, ultrashort pulse (USP) lasers have unique interactions with matter, interactions that include the ability to ablate materials without introducing heat to the target, surface texturing and diagnostic, sensing, and imaging capabilities. In military environments, ultrashort pulse lasers have the potential to offer effective counter measures to advanced seeker threats. To date, deployment of this technology has been limited by an absence of a delivery fiber capable of handling the power intensity a USP laser. In this Phase I application, Raydiance proposes to design and develop a delivery fiber capable of handling millijoule class pulses. Key project tasks will include designing and analyzing fiber delivery parameters, testing design scalability with a hollow core fiber and a high pulse energy laser, and finally designing and modeling a complete fiber delivery system, which will include a specific optical fiber and input/output coupling hardware. Should an option be granted, Raydiance will test and analyze peak power and average power limitations of existing beam delivery fibers, and, finally, develop sourcing for the specified hollow core fiber and confirm the design feasibility for building a prototype system for an ensuing Phase II program.

Bennett Aerospace, Inc.
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Brandon Conover
NAVY 103-201      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:Fiber Delivery Systems for Ultrashort Pulse Lasers
Abstract:Bennett Aerospace proposes to develop an advanced and robust delivery system for high peak and average power USPLs (Ultrashort Pulse Lasers). The U.S. Navy has the need to deliver high spatial, temporal, and spectral quality laser radiation to a non-adjacent beam delivery subsystem for, among other applications, advanced laser-based counter-measure defensive systems. The Bennett Aerospace proposed system offers the potential for realizing the full use of high-power USPLs by providing for delivery of the output radiation to locations that are not typically accessible with a standard laser system.

IRFLex Corporation
300 Ringgold Industrial Parkway
Danville, VA 24540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 483-4304
Francois Chenard
NAVY 103-201      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:Fiber Delivery Systems for Ultrashort Pulse Lasers
Abstract:Future military laser-based defensive systems (LBDSs) will incorporate high peak energy (~1 mJ) ultrashort pulse (The proposed work will demonstrate the feasibility of developing an innovative mid infrared HC-PBG fiber. The fiber will be designed with high confinement (> 99%) to enable ultrashort pulses (< 1 ps) with high peak energy (~1 mJ) to be transmitted with low-losses (< .1 dB/m) in the wavelength region between 2-5 microns.

Lambda Science, Inc.
P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 581-7940
Joseph Teti
NAVY 103-202      Awarded: 11/15/2010
Title:Radio Frequency (RF) System Performance and Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) in Dynamic Environments
Abstract:The on-board and co-site EMI environment can be very severe for aircraft sensor and communications systems. The current state of the art in predicting on-aircraft RF performance and performance degradation from EMI (also known as co-site interference) utilizes physics-based modeling and simulation tools that consider a static or stationary environment. However, real world environments are dynamically changing on scales that lead to unpredicted system performance degradation that are a direct result of non-stationary conditions. The request for proposal (RFP) indicates that on-aircraft effects from blade (or other moving part) modulation are among the sources of interference that need to be quantified with respect to their impact on antenna pattern degradation, and associated system performance degradation. However, on-aircraft EMI conditions can vary significantly depending on antenna location on the platform and whether they mechanically and/or electronically rotate to perform their function. Another consideration is the inclusion intentional or unintentional off-board RF interference that can interact with the platform/sensor dynamics in ways that can vary with illumination geometry and platform trajectories. Scenarios that combine these conditions further complicate the co-site interference between on-board systems that must simultaneously operate. This SBIR effort will identify and categorize classes of EMI along with potential solutions that will include passive, active and hybrid passive-active techniques. In addition, a subset of these potential solutions will be identified for possible implementation within an adaptive sensor resource manager (RM) framework. Finally, modeling methods will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of a select subset of EMI mitigation techniques that are of relative near term value to EA-18G, SH-60R and the MQ-8B Fire Scout VTUAV operating scenarios.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 431-7413
Robert Kipp
NAVY 103-202      Awarded: 11/15/2010
Title:Radio Frequency (RF) System Performance and Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) in Dynamic Environments
Abstract:Modern military and commercial aircraft include numerous RF systems and associated antennas. The designed freestanding performance of antennas is typically degraded by their platform installation. Also, the cositing of many RF systems in a small region creates enormous opportunity for inter-system EMI via antenna coupling that can significantly harm receiver performance. As challenging as these problem are to address in integrating antennas into platforms, they are compounded by dynamic factors such as rotating props and rotors, gimbaled and electronically steered antennas, and dynamic EM environments. For example, spinning rotors introduce Doppler spectra in signals that play a complex role during receiver demodulation. This proposal focuses on such dynamic effects. We propose to develop tools based on existing high-fidelity simulation technologies for installed antenna performance and system-level interference assessment that incorporate the effects of the identified dynamic elements. Phase I will focus on development of relevant algorithms and analysis frameworks, including proof-of-concept simulations. In Phase II, we will develop a prototype end-user tool suite, including GUIs emphasizing 2-D/3-D visualization of the problem setup, dynamic conditions, and presentation of dynamic simulation results. Some attention will be devoted toward developing dynamic performance metrics that deliver actionable design and analysis information for engineers.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 640-2316
Bruce Pilvelait
NAVY 103-203      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:A Solid-State Electrical Distribution Unit for Aircraft Applications
Abstract:The Electrical Distribution Unit (EDU) is the heart of aircraft power systems, and emerging and future electrical system needs have placed great demands on EDU components. Operation at higher voltage power levels and temperatures, faster actuation, and the need to minimize size and weight have increased the desire for solid-state replacements of electromagnetic protective and distribution devices. In this program, Creare will leverage our previously developed solid-state circuit breaker technology to provide intelligent control, enhanced power and fault handling, diagnostics, and arc fault detection for advanced tactical aircraft. During Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a 270 VDC aircraft EDU protective device which meets these requirements with design, analysis, and prototype demonstration. During Phase II we will fabricate and demonstrate a prototype system in a high fidelity F-35 test environment at TRL 6.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Robert Kunc
NAVY 103-203      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Aircraft-based Prognostic, Robust, Intelligent Management of Electricity
Abstract:To address the Navy’s F-35 Joint Strike Fighter development goals for intelligent, fault- tolerant, and robust aircraft power management, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Aircraft-based Prognostic, Robust, Intelligent Management of Electricity (AIR-PRIME) system. This proposed system is based on solid-state high-power switching, intelligent heuristic algorithms, and a robust control electronics design. The innovation in electronics design and prognostics will provide enhanced power distribution system reliability, safety, and maintainability, reducing Navy manpower and repair costs. POC’s proposed AIR-PRIME can gracefully handle a wide range of faults, provide prognostic information about aircraft equipment, and protect equipment in real time. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of AIR-PRIME by fabricating a small-scale prototype equipment network and power distribution system powered by a COTS power supply, yielding a TRL-4 prototype. In Phase II, POC will improve the heuristic database detail and depth, control electronics complexity, and solid-state driver design, and develop a MIL-SPEC housing with performance characteristics similar to current avionics equipment such as radar and power equipment, identifying a suitable integration infrastructure for AIR- PRIME.

DensePower LLC
408 Denal Way
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 729-2585
Douglas Hopkins
NAVY 103-203      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Intelligent, Fault Tolerant, and Robust Power Management for Aircraft Applications
Abstract:Electrical power distribution systems, both military and electric utility systems are becoming faster in power delivery and response. More loads interface through power electronics and sources are more numerous with much lower internal resistance. The advent of “Smart-Grid” thinking and the need for better monitoring, reconfiguring and response in military systems, has placed greater importance on the protection and control of power delivery. The embodiment of the MLC and BTC functions in solid-state switchgear utilizing Silicon Carbide (SiC) power semiconductors brings significant performance improvements to the electrical power system, along with improved power quality, higher safety factors and potential weight savings to the aircraft. DensePower, LLC proposes to develop a new product family of solid state contactors using advanced electronic packaging materials integrating electrical, mechanical and thermal features.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Roberto Schupbach
NAVY 103-203      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Intelligent, Fault Tolerant and Robust Silicon Carbide based Power Management Unit for Aircraft Applications
Abstract:In this proposed program, the APEI team will design, build, and test a multi-channel fully- integrated, high-temperature (250 °C), high speed (< 100 µs), SiC-based SSPD demonstrator by the end of the program. The proposed SiC-based SSPD will combine APEI, Inc.’s advanced high temperature power packaging technology (which will be capable of operating at junction temperatures in excess of 250 °C) with the latest SiC devices in order to develop a SSPD that follows a system architecture and vision provided by our strategic partner.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
400 W. Bethany Suite 110
Allen, TX 75013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 359-2325
Dennis Jones
NAVY 103-204      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra Wideband Conformal Antennas for Network Enabled Weapons
Abstract:Mustang proposes to enhance our existing conformalsecond order patch antenna technology to meet the needs of this program. Novel loading techniques will enhance the desired bandwidth.

Wang Electro-Opto Corporation
2140 Newmarket Parkway Suite 120
Marietta, GA 30067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 955-9311
J. H.
NAVY 103-204      Awarded: 12/22/2010
Title:Ultra Wideband Conformal Antennas for Network Enabled Weapons
Abstract:Current weapon antennas are confined to narrow bands and are directional. Innovative conformal antenna designs are being sought which are capable of operating in two bands, 30-1000 MHz and 960-2000 MHz, for Software Defined Radios (SDR) data terminals for weapons. Also, the Network Enabled Weapons (NEW) need to operate in an omnidirectional environment to allow simultaneous link with as many network nodes as is possible. Conformal antennas are needed for mounting on existing missiles. The design should be scalable to accommodate multiple missile airframes and not degrade the structural integrity of the weapon. This is a highly challenging problem because of the large bandwidth requirements, constraints on the size, shape, weight, and high power-handling. However, Wang Electro- Opto Corporation (WEO) has developed many small broadband conformal antennas for small platforms for U.S. DoD and NASA, and is pleased to propose an innovative approach to develop an ultrawideband conformal antenna for network-enabled weapons in this Phase-I SBIR (Small Business Innovation Research) under Navy Topic NAVY 103-204. In the proposed Phase-I, modeling and simulation will also be performed to assess its performance. Additionally, a breadboard scale model will be designed, fabricated, and tested to demonstrate the feasibility of the design approach.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Patanjali Parimi
NAVY 103-204      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra Wideband Conformal Low Profile Antennas for Strike Weapons (1000-174)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) proposes to design and develop conformal antennas for network enabled Strike Weapons. The key characteristics of the novel design concept include: ultra wide bandwidth, omnidirectional coverage, high efficiency, and significant reduction in the thickness of the antenna profile. SI2 will leverage previous experience in developing UWB conformal low profile antennas based on unique antenna design and substrate materials. The performance of the antenna systems will be simulated using high fidelity numerical modeling and simulation tools and validated through the fabrication and test of a prototype. In Phase II, SI2 will continue to improve upon the Phase I objectives of developing conformal antennas having wide bandwidth, high efficiency, low profile and light weight. In Phase II, the conformal antenna designs will be refined for application on a specific platform. The conformal antennas will be fabricated with SI2’s innovative manufacturing technology. The prototype will be tested in a relevant environment to demonstrate the antenna RF performance.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Edward Pier
NAVY 103-205      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:Innovative Imagery Processing Architecture
Abstract:We propose a modular data flow architecture for processing video and still image data. This system will be able to support both the high speed demands of live streaming data and the high volume demands of archival data processing. The system provides detailed control of threading and supports parallel processing on a number of different levels.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 748-1825
Amber Fischer
NAVY 103-205      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:Modular Video Interface for Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (M-VIISR)
Abstract:Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnissance (ISR) systems are diverse, and each one comes with its own interface to process and present imagery to the warfighter. When coupled with the complexities of processing multiple types of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) full motion video, it creates an untenable situation that will only get worse into the future, where the complexity of managing ISR data surpasses the ability to handle it. Ultimately, the system uniqueness wastes the sailor’s time, and makes fleet operations less efficient. Due to continuing technology refresh, this problem is not going away on its own, thus, the only recourse is to design a system capable of addressing it. 21st Century Systems, Incorporated proposes the Modular Video Interface for Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnissance (M-VIISR) system, which is a secure flexible interface for processing multiple full motion video and metadata streams from UAVs simultaneously, and presenting the results to the operator in a human understandable way. Our expertise with existing modular video input and processing concepts leaves us well prepared to solve the technical problems, and with our unmatched DoD Commercialization Rating, we are also the company most likely to get it into the hands of the warfighter.

SpeckTech Inc.
121 Ohio St
Vallejo, CA 94590
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 554-4770
Glen Speckert
NAVY 103-205      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:StreamWeaving - An Innovative Architecture for Imagery Processing
Abstract:StreamWeaving is an innovative software architecture for processing streams of pixels and metadata. Imagery Processing Pipelines (IPPs) operate on image tiles and video frames to generate a real-time visualization overlay for standard geo-frameworks, such as Google Earth or MapKit.StreamWeaving creates a KML SuperOverlay with the fused intelligence of all the ISR sensors, and drapes it over the tactical or national geo-servers. A workstation cluster provides scalable performance to large volumes of ISR imagery. GPU imaging kernels are used to map all pixels to a common geo-framework.Video streams may also be processed in a temporal-framework using multiple frames to increase stability, decrease noise, and increase interpretability. Exploitation of the geo-spatial-temporal space is independent of the ongoing collection. StreamWeaving is based on open standards, from NITF to OpenCL, and uses advanced integrated development tools to generate the standard computing kernels. These finished kernels are deployed on a workstation cluster for scalable performance. As an option, the content in the overlay layer can also be distributed to mobile devices, such as iPads and iPhones.

OPTS, INC.
2302 Triana Blvd
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 426-2915
Christian Tournes
NAVY 103-206      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Optical Correlator for Realtime Pattern Recognition Applications
Abstract:OPTS proposes developing a conceptual design for an optical correlator capable of computing in excess of a 100,000 correlation surfaces per second. This capability far exceeds the ability of current digital systems, which can only compute about 1,000 correlation surfaces per second. The proposed design utilizes a OPTS developed, high speed SLM technology that significantly outperforms liquid crystal technology, which can only modulate at a few thousand frames per second. The OPTS developed SLM technology will be integrated with memories for holding templates, utilizing electronic and/or holographic technology. OPTS will leverage existing designs and previous development to create the conceptual design. The conceptual design will include hybrid CMOS/CCD technologies. OPTS has developed a dramatic new architecture for processing and compressing the information contained within the correlation surfaces, hence, reducing power requirements and post processing demands. The conceptual design will easily interface to various sensors and digital interfaces.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergei Orlov
NAVY 103-206      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Real-Time Holographic Optical Correlator
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for an optical correlator to filter sensor data streams searching for and automatically recognizing, classifying, and identifying multiple battlefield targets, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Real-Time Holographic Optical Correlator (RHOC). This proposed automatic target recognition (ATR) system is based on a shift-invariant optical correlator combined with a volumetric holographic memory (VHM) for storage and fast optical retrieval of the multiple (thousands) templates of different targets of interest. This innovation in the compact optical correlator system design will enable the RHOC system to automatically recognize, classify, and identify multiple battlefield targets at input video rates or faster. Notably this system offers high speed, small size, low weight, and capability to check each frame of video against thousands of target templates, which directly addresses the PMA-281 Cruise Missile Command & Control and Joint Mission Planning Systems requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the RHOC system by developing the system design and analyzing its functionality and suitability for relevant UAS environments. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a prototype RHOC system, conduct validation and performance tests, and evaluate and modify the RHOC design based on the test results.

Innovative Power Solutions, LLC
373 South Street
Eatontown, NJ 07724
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 544-1075
Scott Jacobs
NAVY 103-207      Awarded: 1/14/2011
Title:High Density, High Efficiency Electrical Power Generation
Abstract:Electrical power generation systems have inherent inefficiencies due to electrical and mechanical loss mechanisms. These inefficiencies mostly stem from generator core and copper losses, eddy current losses, and mechanical losses (bearings, rotating seals and windage). These inefficiencies raise the generator temperature, mostly the stator and rotor, as well as increase the aircraft heat load, requiring larger and heavier heat exchanging systems. Heat, which is the direct product of inefficiency, is the main reason for limiting generator output. The insulating and encapsulating materials inside the generator, are limited to operating at a maximum temperature of 220ºC. Therefore, the key to increasing power density lies in improving efficiency and improving cooling.Improved efficiency is the outcome of the generator electromagnetic design combined with the type of cooling method chosen for the specific application. IPS has developed several oil cooled generators utilizing improved cooling techniques to maximize power density. IPS has a patent for cooling rotors in conduction oil cooled generators. This patent is used in the Global Hawk UAV generator, and allows continuous operation at elevated temperatures to 700?F, and is also used to increase the power rating of a 650 Amp, 28 Vdc generator to 1000 Amp in the same envelope.

PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3000 Kent Avenue, Suite C1-100
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 464-8997
Marco Amrhein
NAVY 103-207      Awarded: 1/14/2011
Title:High Density, High Efficiency Electrical Power Generation
Abstract:Electrical starter/generators (ESGs) have become increasingly complex in design and integration due to significant power demand increases in more electric aircraft initiatives such as the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). These new ESG systems must provide high performance and high efficiency with limited active cooling availability. In order to satisfy the power demands and harsher environments anticipated in JSF block upgrades or future military and civilian aircraft platforms, new technologies must be investigated that allow significant performance improvements with increased power density and higher operating temperatures. To address these requirements, PC Krause and Associates (PCKA) is developing a new generator technology that removes temperature limitations associated with traditional synchronous generator designs. This new technology, called the ac-field electrical synchronous generator (ACESG), can operate at temperatures of 500 degrees Celsius and beyond without sacrificing output power capability. Being able to operating at such temperatures has significant advantages: 1) active cooling oil with much higher inlet temperatures can be utilized, 2) heat can be radiated and convected into the environment, and 3) direct integration of the ACESG at the turbine engine becomes possible. All these advantages will result in significant reduction of active cooling, thus reducing size and increasing power density of the ESG system. In the Phase I effort, PCKA will utilize high- fidelity electrical, thermal, and mechanical modeling and simulation to design and optimize the ACESG to JSF ESG specifications. Appropriate high-temperature material characteristics will be considered in the design process to ensure a viable design. At the end of the Phase I effort, the goal is to demonstrate the feasibility and capabilities of the ACESG with a detailed assessment of thermal and electrical performance compared to the existing JSG ESG. If the Phase I effort is successful, PCKA will demonstrate a hardware prototype in the Phase II. If successful, PCKA will transition the ACESG technology to DoD programs under Phase III contracts and/or commercial applications.

Electrodynamics Associates, Inc.
409 Eastbridge Drive
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 977-1825
Jay Vaidya
NAVY 103-207      Awarded: 1/14/2011
Title:High Density, High Efficiency Electrical Power Generation
Abstract:An innovative solution for improvement in power density, efficiency, and reliability of the electric starter generator (ES/ G) is proposed using induction technology. Single set stator- rotor assembly per power section and lack of rotating windings and rectifiers will substantially improve power density and reliability. The induction generator is turned off within a fraction of a second under fault conditions.It provides regulated voltage output. Ways for improving efficiency and thermal management are proposed including sealed cooling system instead of spray cooling, high thermal conductivity filled epoxy insulation, improved processing of electrical steel for the stator and rotor cores. The result is a compact generator design that will exceed the power density and efficiency targeted for this application. Phase I activity includes conceptual electromagnetic and thermal design and detailed analysis to verify performance, followed by Option period for further electromagnetic analysis using Finite Element techniques, and a detailed insulation scheme investigation, as well as complete layout of the of the dual output starter generator. The results of Phase I and Option will ensure development of demonstrable compact and efficient electric starter generator hardware in Phase II.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Justin Hill
NAVY 103-208      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:High Performance Nanoscale Thermoelectric Generator for UAVs
Abstract:Advancement of thermoelectric (TE) technology has been a major research area for over a century, yet most compositional materials research has not produced TEs with a figure of merit (zT) greater than unity. New methods of enhancing TE efficiency are needed and have been realized through structural alteration of TE materials. Modifying this approach, Mainstream aims to achieve zT ¡Ý 4 for high efficiency TE generators. Further refinement of Mainstream¡¯s innovative and low-cost approach could lead to even higher zT values and greater efficiencies. In Phase I, Mainstream will test its TE devices at operating temperatures of 135 ¡ãF and 300 ¡ãF. Phase II will include further testing at 400 ¡ãF in a laboratory bench test and perform any needed redesigns. In preparation for transition to military and commercial platforms, Mainstream will also concurrently develop aircraft interfaces and system level integration.

Technology in Blacksburg, Inc.
265 Industrial Drive
Christiansburg, VA 24073
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 381-8502
Jonathan Fleming
NAVY 103-208      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Innovative Thermoelectric Power Generation for UAV Applications
Abstract:Onboard waste heat recovery systems for unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) offer improved efficiency and operational capability. Systems based on modern thermoelectric generator technology offer the most practical and cost-effective option for near-term development into a commercial product. Techsburg will build on prior thermoelectric generator-UAV system integration research and development to show feasibility of solid-state waste heat conversion on a modern UAV. Thermoelectric systems can provide waste heat energy recovery for additional power on long endurance missions, and also provide on-demand heating or cooling of critical aircraft components during the mission. Previous work has shown fuel efficiency gains which result in significantly improved endurance and time on station. Compact, conformable systems will be designed and modeled during Phase I, and analyzed for both small and large UAVs to show the overall concept feasibility over a range of aircraft sizes.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4835
James Sisco
NAVY 103-208      Awarded: 1/6/2011
Title:Dual Mode Waste Heat Scavenging System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Abstract:In a typical unmanned aerial vehicle a significant proportion of the propulsion system power output is converted to electrical power to operate payload and avionics hardware. The removal or significant reduction of the growing electric power generation load from the engine could lead to extended mission endurance by reducing the fuel burned for electrical power production, and by reducing the mass of both primary and backup power conversion/energy storage systems. We propose to assess the feasibility of reducing engine power generation loads and increasing system endurance by scavenging waste heat from vehicle subsystems using thermoelectric generator technology. An innovative solution is proposed whereby energy harvested from both the high temperature heat source of the engine exhaust stream is combined with energy harvested from the comparatively low temperatures of the liquid streams used to cool the onboard electronics and potentially engine components. To efficiently combine these multiple power sources, power management electronics are used to process scavenged electrical power and manage temperatures in the liquid coolant streams to maintain the electronic equipment operation within prescribed limits. The innovation proposed here is a conformable system architecture that is both modular and scalable for use over an extended range of unmanned system applications.

Honeybee Robotics
460 West 34th Street
New York, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 459-7806
Roopnarine
NAVY 103-209      Awarded: 11/8/2010
Title:AN/ALE-47 Dispenser Assembly Retaining System
Abstract:In order to provide the Navy with an efficient, reliable, safe and easy to use means of attaching CMDS magazines to their housings on board aircrafts, Honeybee Robotics Spacecraft Mechanisms Corporation proposes to develop an innovative fastening system. The proposed effort will focus on developing the system to be fully compatible with existing hardware while minimizing any changes to the CMDS design. The feasibility of the proposed design will be demonstrated via component-level hardware testing during Phase 1’s base effort with full breadboard testing in the Optional phase. In a potential Phase 2, the design tested in Phase 1 will be optimized, built and field tested for the Navy.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Vicor Dube
NAVY 103-209      Awarded: 11/8/2010
Title:Development of a Dispenser Assembly Retaining System
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation, a small business located in Austin, Texas, is in a unique position to provide a reliable and safe retention system for the U.S. Navy AN/ALE-47 Countermeasures Dispensing System. Several of SPEC’s staff members are very intimately familiar with the requirements of countermeasures dispensing system and have been involved with the development, testing, production and fielding of dispensers for the U.S. military and the free world. With this vast experience in CMDS design, qualification of equipment for airborne environments, and flight-related hardware integration, SPEC can provide the Navy with a uniquely qualified small business to finally resolve a long standing issue with retention of the AN/ALE 47 countermeasures magazine. SPEC’s solution is to modify the present fastener and incorporate an indicator which assures the fastener is tightened to the correct torque specification and a detent which eliminates loosening of the fastener during vibration. It provides quick and efficient removal of the magazines while still providing a positive lock indication. Additionally, it only requires modification of the magazine and does not require any modifications to the dispenser housing mounted in the aircraft. This solution is discussed in detail in the following sections.

Prototype Productions Inc.
21641 Beaumeade Circle Suite 311
Ashburn, VA 20147
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 858-0011
Eric Cabahug
NAVY 103-209      Awarded: 11/8/2010
Title:AN/ALE-47 Dispenser Assembly Retaining System
Abstract:The AN/ALE-47 Countermeasures Dispenser System is found in almost all of the U.S. Navy’s over 3,700 active aircraft. There is a significant opportunity to improve the safety and timeliness of magazine switching. The current design involves four threaded bolts that are timely to install and require careful inspection before moving to the next unit; the time spent installing is direct face time with thirty live rounds. An area of improvement is developing replacement fasteners that involve innovative securing and positive locking capabilities for rapid replacement and inspection of AN/ALE-47 magazines. The proposed Prototype Productions, Inc. (PPI) innovation is a superior fastening system with safe, rapid installation and positive locking engineered from a feasibility study of proprietary designs and concepts wit the integration of state-of-the-art fastening technology. Due to the high utilization of the AN/ALE-47 CMDS, PPI is mitigating implementation costs of its technology by designing a “swap out” fastener to directly replace the current threaded bolt and receptacle. Considerations on safety and performance will be of upmost priority during the development phase. The proposed technical feasibility study includes a report on state-of-the-art fastening systems, the chosen engineered concept, potential applications, and proof-of-concept process with functional model (Phase I), and a development, testing, and integration roadmap for the selected concept (Phase II).

Agiltron Development Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Geoffrey Burnham
NAVY 103-210      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:Ultrashort and high pulse energy 2 µm fiber laser
Abstract:Specially engineered rod type photonic fibers (PCF) hold the promise of becoming the next generation gain medium for high pulse energy fiber lasers. This class of compact and highly efficient lasers is well suited for airborne and ground based infrared countermeasure (IRCM) applications. However, the current rod type PCF is only designed for Yb doped 1 µm laser applications. The more important eye safe wavelength high pulse energy fiber laser is absent due either to low optical conversion efficiency at 1550 nm or unavailability of high power fiber components for a Tm doped rod type PCF based 2 µm fiber laser. Agiltron Development Corporation proposes an advanced rod type Tm doped PCF based 2 µm ultrashort and high pulse energy fiber laser based on our recently developed series of high power 2 µm fiber components such as isolator, pump combiner and modulator. Agiltron-D will be able to demonstrate this new class of 2 µm pulse fiber laser in very short time. In the Phase I, the fiber laser with mJ level pulse energy and ps pulse duration will be designed and demonstrated, and a 5 mJ pulse energy and fully functioned fiber laser system will be demonstrated in Phase II.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
NAVY 103-210      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:High Energy 2 Micron Ultrashort Pulse Fiber Lasers
Abstract:Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx proposes an all fiber based high energy ultrashort fiber laser to meet with the requirement of the solicitation NAVY 103-210. Issues of nonlinear evolution, dispersion management and TOD compensation have been identified and solutions are proposed. A tabletop experiment of 1 uJ energy < 1 ps will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame for proof of the concept. A prototype of >5 uJ will be delivered in Phase II.

NP Photonics, Inc.
UA Science and Technology Park 9030 S. Rita Road, Suite #120
Tucson, AZ 85747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 799-7438
Arturo Chavez-Pirson
NAVY 103-210      Awarded: 11/3/2010
Title:All Fiber-based Ultrashort Chirped Pulse Amplification Laser Operating at 2um Wavelengths Based on Thulium Doped Germanate Active Fibers
Abstract:NP Photonics proposes to develop an all fiber-based ultrashort fiber laser system capable of generating high average power (multi-watt), single mode beam (M2 < 2) with high peak power per pulse and ultrashort pulse width (< 1 ps). This type of laser has significant advantages in terms of reliability (no moving parts or alignment), room temperature operation, size, weight, and power efficiency compared to conventional solid state lasers. The active fiber in the laser is based on a highly efficient thulium doped germanate glass fiber which operates at 2 microns wavelengths. It represents the heart of the optical engine consisting of a mode-locked fiber laser and large mode area fiber amplifiers. This laser system is expected to have a major impact on many applications, such as, for example, infrared countermeasures (IRCM) where a suitable ultra-short pulse laser operating near 2µm is needed to generate mid-IR (3µm - 5µm) super-continuum in a nonlinear optical fiber. We will target an all-fiber based laser performance with energy per pulse of at least 5 microjoules, repetition rate of 1 - 10 kHz, and

Biophotonic Solutions Inc.
3590 Breezy Point Dr.
Okemos, MI 48864
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 580-4075
Igor Pastirk
NAVY 103-211      Awarded: 1/11/2011
Title:Automated Ultrashort Pulsed Laser (USPL) Tailoring Technology
Abstract:The technical goal of this proposal is to design and develop a comprehensive USPL architecture that automatically monitors and corrects the temporal, spatial, and spectral characteristics of the output pulses thereby eliminating the need for an expert laser operator. USPL computer control has been restricted to trivial aspects like on/off, power, and repetition rate. We propose the design and production of laser systems with automated pulse tailoring technology (USPL-APTT) that have the simplest user interface (Ready-to-Fire). Only when configuration (specific mission) requires or when used by a scientist (research), would one need full access to pulse shaping/monitoring modules. Otherwise, the USPL-APTT constantly monitors its performance and corrects any deviation using on-board pulse shaper without interrupting the laser output.. All adjustments are made through phase/amplitude spectral control without moving parts.To accomplish the technical goal the system must: measure the spectral and/or temporal properties of the pulse at the target, correct laser pulse’s spectral and temporal properties at the target, be modular in design to conform to different lasers, be capable of autonomous calibration and operation, continually monitor the operation of the system, adjusting when necessary. Incorporation into mobile/airborne USPL systems will require the tailoring technology to be compact and rugged.

NP Photonics, Inc.
UA Science and Technology Park 9030 S. Rita Road, Suite #120
Tucson, AZ 85747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 799-7413
Wei Shi
NAVY 103-211      Awarded: 1/11/2011
Title:All Fiber-based automatic pulse shaper for efficient energy scaling of ultrashort 2 micron fiber laser pulses
Abstract:NP Photonics proposes to develop an all fiber-based automatic pulse shaper with an adaptive control loop by integrating 2 micron MUX/DEMUX and phase modulator array based on commercial fiber-pigtailed components at 2 micron (phase modulator, circulator, and FBG). This project will be leveraged upon NP’s mode-locked fiber lasers at 2 micron, proprietary high Tm-doped germanate fibers with large core and high unit gain, short cascade fiber amplifier technique, and feedback loop control and algorithms. The proposed new pulse shaper features compact, stable, wide transmission window and high spectral resolution, which can efficiently and accurately pre-compensate the large amount of nonlinear phase (or B-integral) in the chirped pulse amplifier (CPA) system, resulting an all fiber-based, compact, environmentally stable USP source at eye-safe wavelength of 2 micron with mJ- level pulse energy for applications of interest to the US Navy, such as directed energy weapons, ECM, and LADAR. Based on the demonstration of the feasibility for the proposed pulse shaper in Phase I period, we will implement a 20-channel single-chip integrated pulse shaper in Phase II.

Raydiance, Inc.
2199 S. McDowell Blvd Suite 140
Petaluma, CA 94954
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 559-2146
Michael Mielke
NAVY 103-211      Awarded: 1/11/2011
Title:Automated Ultrashort Pulsed Laser (USPL) Tailoring Technology
Abstract:Ultrashort pulse (USP) lasers have unique interactions with matter, interactions that include the ability to athermally ablate materials, create micron-resolution texturing of surfaces, and provide diagnostic, sensing, and imaging capabilities. Of particular interest to the Navy is the potential use of USP lasers for aircraft self-defense applications. However, the propagation of a USP signal through the atmosphere inevitably results in changes to the temporal, spectral and spatial characteristics of the pulse, which diminishes the effectiveness of the signal. In this Phase I SBIR, Raydiance proposes to develop an autonomous, self-monitoring pulse tailoring system that will pre-compensate for atmospheric effects so that the desired pulse energy and quality can be delivered on target, regardless of field conditions. Key tasks in the program will be to develop integrated devices and methods for ultrafast laser self-diagnosis, laser pulse shaping and tuning, control algorithms for autonomous monitoring and programming the nature of the laser output, and designing an architecture that enables a user to program the temporal, spatial, and spectral characteristics of the output. Potential option phase tasks include building an experimental version of the system with bench-top hardware and designing a prototype that incorporates real-time pulse characterization and user-selected optimization.

PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3000 Kent Avenue, Suite C1-100
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 464-8997
Jason Wells
NAVY 103-212      Awarded: 12/15/2010
Title:Robust Aircraft Electrical Power System Architectures
Abstract:The move to more-electric architectures during the past decade in military and commercial airborne systems continues to increase the complexity of designing and specifying the electric power system (EPS). The addition of numerous high-power electric loads has drastically altered the dynamics of power flow on the electrical bus. Many of these loads often exhibit peak-to-average power ratios in excess of 5-to-1 for brief periods of time (50-5000 ms). In addition to this high peak-power, some of the loads can produce regenerative power flow equal to their peak power draw for brief periods of time (typically 20-200 ms). In addition to the ever increasing dynamics of electrical loads in the modern fighter, the move to electrify more systems has increased the criticality of the EPS leading to increased need for redundant and configurable systems. In the modern fighter, the resulting reliability requirements have led to EPS architectures wherein multiple sources exist within the aircraft that are dynamically taken in or out of the EPS based upon the failure status of a variety of components. Such reconfiguration is practical in large part due to the aircraft capability to adjust power requirements in response to source limitations by adjusting the performance capabilities of the platform.As the reconfigurability of the EPS, the number of available sources, and the number, complexity, and criticality of system loads continue to increase, several interesting questions arise regarding the design and validation of the EPS including:1) Will the proposed EPS architecture be stable under all possible configurations of system loads?2) Does the architecture optimally utilize the variety of source capabilities that exist throughout the aircraft?In this proposal, PCKA outlines a strategy to address these questions by investigating the potential to extend the source control coordination recently developed in relation to electrical accumulator technology to address source utilization and the stability by design concepts outlined in recent controls literature to develop a robust electrical power system (REPS) (potentially including multiple sources and loads) that ensures large-displacement stability of a modern more-electric aircraft (MEA) EPS against any load type. A combination of theoretical development, architectural proposal and analysis, and numerical MS&A shall be utilized to define the framework for stability analysis, define a multi-source architecture, develop a coordinated source control approach, and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed advancements. Specifically, the tasks outlined in the proposal will be performed at a fidelity required to predict system stability of a representative MEA REPS architecture with sufficient confidence that a Phase II award to investigate system performance in hardware would be justified.

Innovative Power Solutions, LLC
373 South Street
Eatontown, NJ 07724
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 544-1075
Lev Sorkin
NAVY 103-212      Awarded: 12/15/2010
Title:Robust Aircraft Electrical Power System Architectures
Abstract:The application and removal of a Large Scale dynamic loads is a transient phenomenon that takes time and its effects ripple through the whole system. Transient, dynamic power demand of large loads will result, as a minimum, in distorting the conventional AC generator line voltages beyond the MIL-STD-704E allowable limits. Furthermore, large scale dynamic loads are likely to cause a power source instability, generator trip off-line and even failure (shaft shearing) for both, AC or DC generators. It is also imperative that the full power will be available for the required duration with no degradation in quality on both load pulse ends (application and removal). There are several sources that interact affecting the performance of the power system: GCU control loop; Generator mechanical and electromagnetic properties and Load nature.The decoupling of large scale dynamic loads from the prime power while stabilizing the power buses poses significant challenges, and needs to be explored.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Karin Karg
NAVY 103-213      Awarded: 12/8/2010
Title:Increased F135 TMS Aluminum Component Performance (1001-614)
Abstract:Triton Systems, Inc. proposes to enhance elevated temperature resistance of cast aluminum components in the JSF F-135 engine fuel & lube systems by incorporating Fiber Reinforced Aluminum (FRA) inserts into highly stressed areas of the castings. The F-135 gearbox is made from a sand cast aluminum alloy. At 400°F, the tensile strength of this alloy is approximately 20ksi. While this strength level is sufficient for most portions of the gearbox, local stresses near mounting lugs and power shafting may approach or exceed these levels. Triton’s FRA alloy exhibits a tensile strength of 65 ksi at and a compressive yield strength of 60 ksi at 400°F. We are proposing to develop techniques to incorporate FRA inserts into those areas of the gearbox where the baseline alloy strength is inadequate.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0530
Robert McDonald
NAVY 103-214      Awarded: 1/7/2011
Title:Hybrid Battery / Capacitor Power for Increased Power and Energy Density and Safety
Abstract:Improvements in rechargeable battery energy, power and safety are required for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Program. Giner, Inc. will use its advanced lithium-ion hybrid cell chemistry, together with improvements in packaging designs to achieve the necessary energy and power densities. The trade-offs between specific power and specific energy will be examined experimentally to optimize electrode composition and design. Scalable performance will be demonstrated in cells over the temperature range of -40 to +70 degrees C and stability evaluated with exposures of +85 degrees C storage temperature. Cell case designs and self-diagnostic/prognostic capabilities will be addressed to improve safety and service life.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Josh Buettner-Garrett
NAVY 103-214      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:High Power and Energy Density, Electrical Energy Storage Device
Abstract:Naval aircraft and the Joint Strike Fighter in particular face the challenge of adding functionality while avoiding weight increases that could hinder performance. Additionally, electrical power-hungry features such as electro-hydrostatic actuators for flight control surfaces and the possibility of future additions such as regenerative power and directed energy weapons increase the need for reliable power on the aircraft. To address this need, ADA proposes the use of nanostructured electrodes and ionic liquid gel polymer electrolytes for advanced ultracapacitors that will enable increased power and energy density by achieving higher operating voltages and better electrolyte conductivity/accessibility. Further, the use of an ionic liquid electrolyte will improve device safety due to the material’s inherent non-volatility / non-flammability.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher Lang
NAVY 103-214      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Phosphate Stabilized Cathode Fibers for High Energy and Power Storage Systems
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes the development of mixed metal oxide cathode fibers stabilized with a lithium metal phosphate coating. In Phase I the reduced diameters of the cathode fibers will be shown to result in improved Li+ diffusion and therefore enhanced rate capability at all temperatures. This enhanced cathode fiber rate capability will allow for the design of cells that can simultaneously deliver high energy and power. Application of a metal phosphate coating will be demonstrated to stabilize the cathode\electrolyte interface enabling repeatable cycling of the cathode fibers. Construction of 100mAh pouch cell will demonstrate intermediate cell scale-up while providing invaluable information for the design of a 28V energy storage system. In the proposed option effort, fiber production scale-up will be carried out following additional optimization of the cathode fiber rate and cycling performance. Larger pouch cells would be constructed in advance of further fiber production scale-up and the construction of cylindrical cells by an industrial partner in Phase II. These cells will be utilized in the construction of a deliverable 28V energy storage system prototype at the conclusion of Phase II.

Mound Laser & Photonics Center, Inc.
P.O. Box 223
Miamisburg, OH 45343
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 865-4046
Ronald Jacobsen
NAVY 103-215      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:IDT Sensors for Detection of Heat Sensitization in Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:An innovative surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor for in situ detection and real-time monitoring of heat sensitization in 5XXX series aluminum alloys will be developed. These active sensors generate ultrasonic Rayleigh waves at a fundamental frequency and then detect higher harmonics of that frequency produced when the sound waves scatter off of regions of beta phase Al3Mg2 that form during heat sensitization. The degree of harmonic sound detection will be correlated to how the alloy would respond to the ASTM-G67 chemical test. This will create a calibrated method for direct in situ measurement of changes in physical properties of the alloy as well as the risk of future anodic degradation, stress corrosion cracking or exfoliation – or alternatively, the expected remaining life of the material. The sensors will be durable and field deployable either for spot checks for material or permanent emplacement in the structure of interest. Due to the long range of Rayleigh waves, the surface are coverage standard for the sensor will easily be met. The low power requirements are consistent with methods of self powering. Operation in adverse conditions will be demonstrated and are not expected to pose any barriers for the technology.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4160
Dan Xiang
NAVY 103-215      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Self-powered Multi-parameter Wireless Sensor Network for 5XXX-Series Aluminum Alloy Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:5XXX-series aluminum alloys have high strength-to-weight ratios, good as-welded strength and excellent corrosion resistance; they are used as new structural materials in Navy ships. Sensitization in 5XXX aluminum alloys is a problem characterized by the formation of beta phase (Al3Mg2) at grain boundaries, which increases the susceptibility of alloys to intergranular corrosion (IGC) and intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (IGSCC). The current method for quantifying the Degree of Sensitization (DoS) of AA5XXX alloys is the ASTM G67 Nitric Acid Mass Loss Test. However, this method is destructive and time- consuming. To validate the models for determining and predicting structural health and to alert the platform operators of potentially disabling or damaging events as soon as possible, a method for real-time monitoring of DoS and related physical property degradations, along with the measurements of environmental conditions should be developed. To address this challenge, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) along with Prof. Robert B. Pond, Jr. from Loyola College propose to develop a self-powered multi-parameter wireless smart sensor network (Wi-DoS) for real-time monitoring the DoS and the environmental conditions. The key innovation of this effort is the combination of the ultrasonic DoS and multi-parameter environmental measurement, IAI’s wireless smart sensor network platform, and energy harvesting technologies.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0148
Fritz Friedersdorf
NAVY 103-215      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Embedded Long Service Life Monitoring System for Aluminum Alloy Sensitization
Abstract:The Navy is adopting more extensive use of aluminum to achieve the mission requirements of high-speed combatant and non-combatant vessels such as the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV). Although 5XXX series alloys have excellent marine corrosion resistance, sensitization can cause susceptibility to intergranular corrosion, exfoliation and stress corrosion cracking. Alloy sensitization can occur over time due to a combination of improper processing and elevated service temperatures. To maximize structural performance and minimize inspection demands, Luna proposes a robust monitoring system that will measure degree of sensitization (DoS) and physical property degradation of 5XXX series aluminum. Luna’s embedded monitoring system will merge complimentary measurements of ultrasonic attenuation and velocity with temperature and strain to determine DoS, mechanical properties, texture parameters, and plastic and elastic strain. The open architecture, autonomous system will provide accurate and reliable information for improved monitoring and damage state awareness. Luna will leverage its ultrasonic inspection instrumentation for residual stress, fatigue and weld characterization, as well as Luna’s smart wireless sensor systems for health monitoring of Navy ships and aircraft. The system will be compatible with Navy maintenance networks systems such as ICAS. These wireless network devices can be powered by energy harvesting.

Spencer Industries, Inc
80 Holmes Street
Belleville, NJ 07109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 751-2200
Martin Lawrence
NAVY 103-216      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:Lightweight Aircraft Tiedowns
Abstract:Lightweight replacement for TD-1A/B tiedown which is simple to use, allows for rapid securing of aircraft to the flight deck and weighs less than six pounds.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 996-9054
Michael White
NAVY 103-216      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:Lightweight Aircraft Tiedowns
Abstract:Current TD-1A/B chain tiedowns are heavy and physically demanding for Navy personnel to handle. But, any replacement requires high strength and extreme robustness to UV radiation, salt water, corrosion, solvents, oils, extreme temperatures, abrasion, and droppage, making weight optimization challenging. Significant research has been devoted to using synthetic materials instead of chain to reduce weight. However, environmental testing for flight deck operations includes water immersion and freezing conditions that can greatly effect both polymer lifetime and flexibility related to positive tensioning. The use of chain sidesteps many of these performance barriers, and the TD-1A/B is accepted and proven under conditions including near-darkness and freezing rain through extensive in-service testing. Therefore, Templeman Automation LLC. (TA) proposes a new approach for lightweight chain tiedowns using innovative weight-reduction design practices. The critical advantage of TA's “LiteLinx” approach is that the resulting chain system will function with existing TD-1A/B tensioners, and LiteLinx tensioners will work identically to current tensioners with current, in-service chains. While only the combination of LiteLinx chains and tensioners will meet the target weight of 6 lbs, the interoperability achieved will be critical for Navy adoption of the new technology as TD-1A/B hardware is gradually replaced through natural attrition.

DAVIS AIRCRAFT PRODUCTS CO; INC.
1150 WALNUT AVENUE PO BOX 525
BOHEMIA, NY 11716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 563-1500
SYLVIA PRILL
NAVY 103-216      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:Lightweight Aircraft Tiedowns
Abstract:Davis proposes a tie down system in which the chain links are made of continuous fiber metal matrix composite (MMC). At the core of each chain link is a carbon fiber filament wound a preformed path. The filament is over molded with aluminum alloy. The strength of the resulting composite approximates that of heat treated alloy steel. The weight is approximately that of aluminum. Each MMC chain link is mechanically joined to give a fully flexible, articulated chain. The tensioner will be similar to current adjusters with an interface specific for the MMC chain configuration. The unique geometry of the chain permits a narrow body adjuster that reduces the weight compared to the current unit. Certain components will be MMC and resin composites for weight reduction and improved corrosion resistance. The MMC is a proven technology currently used in aerospace structures, automotive engine, drive train, and brake system components, golf club heads and shafts, bicycle frames, etc.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Fang Zhang
NAVY 103-217      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:High-Definition High-Dynamic-Range Color Camera
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a new high-resolution, high-dynamic-range color camera to characterize intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR)-quality imagery data by submarine imaging systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new High-Definition, High-Dynamic-range Color Camera (HD2C2). This proposed system is based on the novel design of high-resolution (>2 million pixels) color camera sensor with real-time pixel-wise closed-loop adaptive feedback controls via a high-speed reflective spatial-light-modulator (SLM). These innovations in the proposed system architecture will enable controlled, independent, and adaptive attenuation of each pixel in real time (60-Hz to 180-Hz frame rate) based on incident intensity without the need to reduce aperture or contrast ratio. As a result, the system will significantly improve the dynamic range to >120 dB with >2M pixels and 4:3 or 16:9 aspect ratio, which directly addresses Navy requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate HD2C2 feasibility by designing and developing a proof-of- concept prototype that incorporates pixel control and evaluating its performance in a laboratory environment. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a design that meets submarine periscope environmental requirements, develop the prototype, integrate it with a periscope, and test its performance.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Richard Cagley
NAVY 103-217      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:High Definition, High Dynamic Range Color Camera
Abstract:There are many orders of magnitude light intensity differentiation from a dark room to sunlight. Because standard linear CMOS and CCD image sensors can only offer up to approximately 60 dB of dynamic range, they are prone to saturation or darkness in high contrast scenes. Work in this proposed effort seeks to employ the latest in logarithmic sensors along with state-of-the-art image processing to provide a high contrast, 120 dB dynamic range sensor. While traditional high dynamic range (HDR) sensors offer a dramatic increase in performance over standard detectors, we seek several improvements over existing designs. First, we propose to employ a Photon Focus LINLOG detector that pairs linear low light response with logarithmic high intensity response to provide not only wide 120 dB dynamic light intensity range, but also excellent low-light sensitivity. Second, while HDR sensors do provide excellent dynamic range, this typically comes at the price of reduced contrast. Therefore, the latest in contrast enhancement, equalization, and scaling algorithms will be used to provide the best possible human viewable output. Finally, seeking to maximize integration and provide flexible back-end viewing options, we will employ the latest in Xilinx FPGAs.

Coherent Logix, Incorporated
1120 South Capital of Texas Highway Building 3, Suite 310
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 826-2583
Martin Hunt
NAVY 103-217      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:Visual Irradiance Programmable Enhanced Range & Resolution Camera (VIPER2)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated proposes the development of a VIPER2 color camera system that will be capable of generating high definition (HD) level resolution and high dynamic range video imagery by combining the large dynamic range Fairchild sCMOS sensor, High Dynamic Range image fusion algorithm, and the massively parallel, high performance embedded HyperX computing architecture. This combination of hardware and software algorithms will result in a camera system with 120 dB of dynamic range, extreme low light sensitivity, and a broad spectral response. The base hardware platform for VIPER2 will be the SAFER camera currently being developed on another DoD program and this proposal leverages the close integration of the sCMOS sensor and the HyperX computing fabric. Close coupling of the compute function with the sensor enables a high bandwidth data flow path without excessive cabling, low latency and piplelined data flow with per frame feedback to sensor acquisition parameters, and the ability to run analysis and encoding at the point where the full depth of information is available. In addition the VIPER2 camera will be software reconfigurable and programmed using industry standard ANSI C and Message Passing Interface parallel processing protocol.

Surface Optics Corporation
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
Mark Dombrowski
NAVY 103-217      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:High Definition, High Dynamic Range Color Camera
Abstract:A program to develop a high definition, high dynamic range color camera employing pixel- level sensitivity control and advanced integration time control is proposed. The proposed High Definition, High Dynamic Range (HD2) color camera builds upon Surface Optics’ real-time multi-spectral and hyperspectral imaging activities, including the DuoChrome SWIR/MWIR imager, and the Multi-band Identification and Discrimination Imaging Spectroradiometer (MIDIS). Employing both on-chip sensitivity control and off-chip integration time control, the camera is capable of up to 200 dB of intrascene dynamic range; this dynamic range is available throughout the five megapixel color imagery. Under the Phase I effort, this capability will be proven. Continuing work under Phase II will integrate the prototype sensor into a submarine periscope. The proposed effort represents an extension of Surface Optics’ 19 years experience in multispectral and hyperspectral imager design, and in ultra-high dynamic range imagers. By building on Surface Optics Corporation’s experience in imaging system development, sensor development, and algorithm development, the proposed program will produce a new ultra-high dynamic range high-definition color imager.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 996-9054
Michael White
NAVY 103-218      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Long Distance Remote Maintenance Capability
Abstract:The development of a portable remote monitoring/diagnostic/assessment capability, or “telemaintenance” system, is required to reduce the frequency of required ship-visits by shipyard SMEs. To support this requirement, Templeman Automation (TA) proposes “Telemachus”, a powerful new enabling technology for shipboard telemaintenance. Telemachus provides technologies for optimal SME guidance of ships-force assets available on-site. The system consists of a UDP-TCP/IP-based video and document sharing software module as well as a projective optical diagramming tool. Telemachus addresses issues of variable bandwidth and manpower with a peer-to-peer thick-client architecture that maximizes data throughput as bandwidth becomes available, and a multi-modal communications portal that allows real-time teamwork as well as asynchronous information sharing for round-the-clock productivity. By intelligently combining existing text, voice, video, and projector peripherals, the SME is able to share diagrams, speak to workers, indicate machinery elements in the ships space, and even optically diagram instructions directly on the machinery view shared by the whole team. Telemachus will be a carry-on diagnostics package that makes no permanent shipboard alterations or installations. It will be self contained, requiring only 110VAC and an Ethernet connection, and packaged in a durable one-man-lift case sized for transport through below-deck hatches.

In-Depth Engineering Co
11350 Random Hills Road Suite 110
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 592-1870
Andre Pruitt
NAVY 103-218      Awarded: 3/14/2011
Title:Long Distance Remote Maintenance Capability
Abstract:In-Depth Engineering hereby proposes the Advanced Shore Side Intelligent Support Technology (ASSIST) innovative research program to respond to a need for a Long Distance Remote Maintenance Capability aboard U.S. Aircraft Carriers. The ASSIST system will facilitate a remote maintenance system that reduces auxiliary equipment Mean Time to Repair and saves the cost and lost time required for SME on-site assistance. ASSIST is composed of Video Chat, Ship Interface, Machinery Control System (MCS) interface, Data Capture, Portable Data Acquisition (PDA), Collaboration and Documentation functionality. The existing ship networking and Non-classified Internet Protocol Router Network (NIPRnet) are used to facilitate communications between the ship and the shore. Together these functions provide an SME the ability to perform long distance remote maintenance of auxiliary systems.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9920
Eric Olson
NAVY 103-218      Awarded: 3/10/2011
Title:Remote Troubleshooting Using a Proven Process
Abstract:Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) has successfully utilized remote troubleshooting by resolving a vibration and exhaust hood cracking problem on a 660MW steam turbine generator. The crux of the problem is the paucity of qualified troubleshooters, and the time wasted by qualified problem solvers traveling great distances to support critical equipment issues. MSI staff avoided traveling 12,000 miles (each way) to a region of the world that was threatened by the bird flu epidemic and insurgents. Similarly, shore side subject matter experts (SMEs) and knowledgeable shipyard engineers must more efficiently resolve problems aboard the United State’s aircraft carriers. There is neither the time nor money to waste traveling and supporting a single issue, when a shore side engineer or an engineering team can efficiently take on more problems if provided with proven remote troubleshooting tool kits. The proposed remote troubleshooting kit addresses electro- machinery systems aboard a carrier that include steam turbines, generators, boiler feed pumps, condensate pumps, circulating water pumps, refrigeration/HVAC systems, evaporators, electric motors, switch gear, and sewage plants. While the proposed troubleshooting process is proven, the concept of applying it remotely is innovative, with a potentially high payoff.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Charles Cohen
NAVY 103-218      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Long Distance Remote Maintenance Capability
Abstract:Future U.S. Navy ships will operate with a crew that may be half or less of current ship crew size. To maintain readiness with a reduced crew size, tools are needed to support enhanced Sailor productivity on-ship. Everyday workflow will continue to need a minimum contingent of crew, however special circumstances to arise that require access to Subject Matter Experts (SMEs), and providing the sailor/maintainer with effective tools that provide the data feeds necessary to support reach back to Distance Support will leverage the experience and training of on-ship and off-ship SMEs. Cybernet has developed the Shipboard Wireless Maintenance Assistant (SWMA) Platform to support maintenance and logistics. Our approach to the program’s problem is to leverage this hardware platform and to focus on development and integration of Navy processes and software elements into the maintenance, local and remote, workflow to support effective, efficient problem solving on non-standard, undocumented problems. This data should be recorded and made available for future occurrences of the same or similar problem.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2552
Ketan Patel
NAVY 103-219      Awarded: 3/7/2011
Title:Low Cost/Low Phase Noise Laser Source for Interferometer Hydrophone Sensor Array
Abstract:A low cost, low noise, narrow linewidth, high power laser is proposed using semiconductor laser and scalable manufacturing technologies. The underlying technology is an external cavity laser leveraging existing materials and processes developed for the telecommunication industry. The target application is for fiber optic sensors for detection of signal in the sub-MHz and sub-kHz frequency range. A primary example of such sensors are fiber-optic acoustic hyrdrophones.

Freedom Photonics LLC
90 Dean Arnold Place
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Leif Johansson
NAVY 103-219      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Integrated Low Linewidth Tunable Laser
Abstract:This proposal seeks to build build a widely tunable laser (>20 nm tuning) with the phase noise performance sufficient for use with existing fiber optic interferometer hydrophone sensors on Virginia Class Submarines. In Phase I, we propose to conduct a feasibility study of modifying a widely tunable laser design to achieve low linewidth. Monolithic Photonic Integrated Circuit (PICs) technology has great potential to provide the most compact, efficient, and lightweight widely tunable lasers. With the integration of many functional blocks for light generation, tuning, and modulation on a single chip, one gains performance improvements with removed insertion losses, reduction of optoelectronic component count, and enhanced temperature and vibration stability. An integrated device can be placed in a very small footprint with very low packaging complexity. Freedom Photonics proposes in this work to develop a new type of low phase noise tunable semiconductor lasers based on our new integration platform, which allows for high laser output power, low coupling losses, and low propagation losses.

Utility Development Corporation
112 Naylon Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 994-4334
Harry Katz
NAVY 103-220      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Low density 6500 meter man-rated syntactic foam
Abstract:The objective will be to develop and evaluate a low density 6500 meter syntactic foam material capable of being man-rated with a composite density of 30 +2/-1 pcf. The syntactic foam will be capable of use on a 6500 meter operational depth Human Occupied Vehicle (HOV). The selected formulations will be tested for density, water absorption, crush pressure, compressive strength and modulus and shear strength. UDC will prove the feasibility and potential advantages of the new high performance, 30 pcf syntactic foam during this Phase I program. At the end of Phase I, a report with results and conclusions, and a Phase II plan will be submitted.

Materials Modification Inc
2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 560-1371
T.S. Sudarshan
NAVY 103-220      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Novel low density composites for deep ocean vehicles
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I, is to develop and conduct a feasibility demonstration of a novel low density 6500 meter man-rated syntactic foam on a laboratory scale. The overall system will be able to produce a low density (30+2/-1 pcf) that is capable of use on a 6500 meter operational depth Human Occupied Vehicle (HOV). This Phase I should demonstrate key technologies for providing structurally enhanced glass microsphere coatings integrated into the syntactic foam concept.

ASPEN AEROGELS, INC.
30 Forbes Road Building B
Northborough, MA 01532
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 466-3127
Nicholas Zafiropoulos
NAVY 103-220      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Low-density, high-strength aerogels for 6500 meter man-rated submersibles
Abstract:This project seeks to develop high strength, low density buoyancy material to fill the future needs of manned vehicle exploration of the ultra deep. Since the 1970s, syntactic foams, engineered foams comprised of hollow glass, ceramic or polymer microspheres embedded into a resin matrix, have been the industry standard for providing buoyancy to manned, remote, and autonomous operated vehicles (HOV, ROV and ATV). Syntactic foams are a critical component to the ascent and descent of submersibles, but the industry has reached a strength limit on low density 30 lb/ft3 foams that are capable of being qualified for manned exploration at 6500 meters. 99% of the ocean floor is reachable with submersible activities down to 6500 meters, but the hydrostatic pressure due to water can reach approximately 9,500 psi at this depth. In order for a material to qualify for use at 6500m, it must exhibit crush pressures no less than 15,000 psi. Aspen Aerogels has developed aerogel materials that have the potential to meet the strength and density demands of this application, and proposes to develop this class of aerogels as a solution to meet the mechanical strength demands for deep sea applications.

Engineered Syntactic Systems, LLC
107 Frank Mossberg Drive
Attleboro, MA 02703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 226-3907
Noel Tessier
NAVY 103-220      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Low density 6500 meter man-rated syntactic foam
Abstract:The objective set forth in this SBIR Topic is for the development of a 6500 meter man- rated syntactic with a composite density of 30 +2/-1 PCF. The topic description maintains that the current state-of-the-art man rated foam has a minimum density of 35 PCF. However, in 2009 through mid 2010 Engineered Syntactic Systems, (ESS), successfully manufactured a 34 lb/ft3 syntactic capable of meeting the specification under a WHOI purchase order. Ten cubic feet of foam was delivered and successfully tested to the MIL-S-24154A standard by WHOI. ESS intends to build on the success of this development, its current syntactic foam manufacturing experience and expertise, and described processing innovations under consideration to attain the target 30 lb/ft3 6500 meter man-rated system.

Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Michael Hulse
NAVY 103-220      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Engineered Low Density Buoyancy Foams for Deep Submersibles
Abstract:Deep submersibles that reach the deepest part of the ocean, such as the Human Occupied Deep Submersible Vehicle Alvin (Alvin), rely on syntactic buoyancy foam to return to the surface. Alvin is currently capable of reaching depths of up to 4500 meters, which allows for the exploration of approximately two-thirds of the ocean floor. However, an ongoing upgrade to Alvin will allow for depths of 6500 meters and open up 99 percent of the ocean floor for a new era of scientific exploration. New lightweight syntactic buoyancy foam capable of man- rating to 6500 meters is required, but does not currently exist. In response, the U.S. Navy is currently seeking new syntactic foams with densities of 30 +2/-1 pcf that are capable of man- rating to 6500 meters. Composite Technology Development (CTD), working with strategic partners Trelleborg Offshore (Trelleborg) and Alion Science and Technology (Alion), proposes to deliver revolutionary syntactic buoyancy foam through incorporation of previously unachievable loading levels of nano-particle reinforcement. Leveraging currently ongoing efforts to develop ultra-highly loaded carbon nanotube polymer composites, the new syntactic buoyancy foam will be enabled through a unique material processing and manufacturing technique.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Liang Tang
NAVY 103-221      Awarded: 1/12/2011
Title:An Affordable Rugged Inertial-Based Navigation System for Highly Accurate Position and Attitude Estimation Without the Use of GPS
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in collaboration with the Rochester Institute of Technology, Virginia Tech and the Boeing Company, proposes to develop and demonstrate a rugged, GPS- independent, miniature, low-power and light-weight device that provides highly accurate position and attitude measurements for USV operations in harsh marine environments encompassing highly dynamic maneuvers and vibrational effects. In contrast to the conventional GPS-dependent devices, our device implements an Unscented Kalman Filter- based three-dimensional position and attitude estimator that makes use of low-cost sensors such as accelerometers and rate gyros. The key innovation is to identify the local gravitational position in real-time and use it to bound sensor drift errors to achieve highly accurate state estimation. The objective is achieved by a unique hardware design that combines a dual-arc accelerometer array with three-axis rate gyros and optional heading sensors. High vibration effects are estimated and eliminated by subtracting the imposed loading from the accelerometer measurements to provide a highly robust system. Preliminary simulation studies have demonstrated a position estimation accuracy that exceeds Navy’s requirements (< 0.5 nmi/hr drift rate). While Phase I will focus on proof-of-concept software- in-the-loop demonstration, a hardware prototype will be fabricated, tested on Virginia Tech’s USV platform and delivered to Navy in Phase II.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
Jim Coward
NAVY 103-221      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Affordable Rugged Inertial Navigation System for Unmanned Surface Vehicles and other Small Boats and Combatant Craft Using Various Inertial Measuremen
Abstract:The SA Photonics SAINS-400 inertial navigation system will provide astonishing drift performance of

Crossbow Technology, Inc.
1421 McCarthy Blvd
Milpitas, CA 95035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 965-3391
John Zhang
NAVY 103-221      Awarded: 1/13/2011
Title:Affordable Rugged MEMS Inertial Navigation System for Unmanned Surface Vehicles
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will design, fabricate and evaluate a rugged, small, light weight inertial navigation IMU system suitable for the littoral marine environment. The proposed system incorporates state-of-the-art MEMS inertial sensors, interface to aiding sources including a 3-axis magnetometer, speed sensor and GPS from either SAASM or commercial grade receiver and a CPU running an extended Kalman filter software to enable sustained navigation in both GPS and GPS denied environments. During Phase I, various next generation sensor components and system designs will be examined in laboratory bench testing and with computer simulations to ascertain the extent the IMU will maintain the desired position and attitude navigation accuracy when GPS signal is lost, the ability to survive in a littoral marine environment, and the relative impact on performance, size, weight, cost, and power. Based on the attainment of satisfactory results, a preliminary system design and an interface control document will be developed. In Phase II, the proposed system will be prototyped and field tested in a relevant marine environment.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Scott Jackson
NAVY 103-222      Awarded: 1/19/2011
Title:Shock Sensitive Circuit Breaker
Abstract:Equipment on board US Naval ships must survive severe shock events and thus must be subjected to extensive shock testing. While this testing ensures that a piece of equipment is shock resistant and will not pose a danger to other shipboard equipment, it is expensive and requires a one-use expenditure of the device under test. A shock sensitive circuit breaker (SSCB), designed to open when it detects a shock event of a given magnitude, will greatly simplify this testing. It will also have direct applications on board in-service naval vessels as a safety device. The SSCB will be designed to meet military standards for shock, vibration, and environment to ensure its reliable and safe operation. It will fit into existing standard form factors and be compatible with existing standards for shipboard power. The SSCB will also provide facilities to quickly and visually determine its status (on, off, or tripped), reset the breaker, and to command the breaker to perform a self-test.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Ross Bird
NAVY 103-222      Awarded: 1/18/2011
Title:Shock Sensitive Circuit Breaker
Abstract:The proposed highly ruggedized Shock Sensitive Circuit Breaker is a large step forward in technology, enabling the benefits of true safety with the inherent ability to add digital electrical interrogation to power systems. The new electrical circuit breaker is designed to operate over a wide range of voltages transparently in the shipboard environment with effect only realized during high shock application to the breaker. During high shock events the breaker achieves guaranteed OFF state (power interrupt) in rapid response to large (pulse) shock event. As a sensor technology alone the very compact and rugged device offers several advantages over conventional sensors such as piezoelectric, fiber optic, magnetic technology: It is very resilient to ambient electrical noise and it is extremely immune to damage induced by up to 1000× over-pressures. The new pressure device requires far less post-processing of the output signal than conventional pressure devices, requiring much fewer additional electronics components to process the raw sensor output for use by the system.

Hydroacoustics Inc.
999 Lehigh Station Rd.
Henrietta, NY 14467
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 359-1000
De La
NAVY 103-223      Awarded: 1/14/2011
Title:Very Low Frequency (VLF) Transducer
Abstract:The Research and Development effort proposed by Hydroacoustics Inc (HAI) will determine the feasibility of applying new technologies to a Very Low Frequency (VLF) transducer design thereby extending its performance to meet the new requirements of Acoustic Augmentation Support Program (AASP). These new technologies include, but are not limited to, developing a the largest transducer consistent with the installation space, exploring material alternatives for the VLF transducer, reviewing new hydraulic valve technologies, seeking more effective means to couple the hydraulic power to the acoustic medium, studying pump and motor designs to reduce the noise generated by the hydraulic power supply while in the stand-by mode, and applying new digital electronics to monitor and control the transducer performance. The HAI math model for the HLF transducer will be used to estimate the performance of the new VLF transducer design, and the historical HAI data will be used to estimate the manufacturing time and cost.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Dave Baird
NAVY 103-223      Awarded: 1/18/2011
Title:Very Low Frequency (VLF) Transducer
Abstract:The Acoustic augmentation Support Project (AASP) provides a temporary system that is used to produce acoustic signals across an operating band of 10Hz to 44kHz. These signals are used by the Navy for team training exercises in anti-submarine warfare (ASW). The AASP system, as it is currently configured, consists of a drive computer, 2 power amplifiers, and 3 transducers. One of the transducers supports the VLF frequency spectrum, one supports the LF to MF frequency spectrum, and the last supports the HF frequency spectrum. The problem with the AASP system lies primarily with the HLF-1 transducer that supports the system’s VLF frequency band. The transducer options currently available to the Navy to support the VLF spectrum of AASP all have limitations such as external compensation, excessively large size, high power draw, etc.

Image Acoustics, Inc.
97 Elm Street
Cohasset, MA 02025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 383-2002
John Butler
NAVY 103-223      Awarded: 1/14/2011
Title:Very Low Frequency (VLF) Transducer
Abstract:This SBIR Proposal addresses the need for a Very Low Frequency (VLF) transducer “capable of providing continuous wave (CW) output of simultaneous narrowband tones and broadband noise in a frequency band from 1 kHz down 10 Hz at output levels not less than 150 dB over the entire operating spectrum of the transducer.” The current design is hydro- acoustic based and does not appear to fully meet the requirements. Our proposed design is piezoelectric based, does not require external pressurization and does not produce noise during standby operation. The design presented here appears to be unique and is shown to meet the desired source level requirements through a 3-D finite element model. A program is presented for further analysis and improvements during a Phase I effort.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
14585 Avion Pwy Suite 200
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Bob Smarrelli
NAVY 103-224      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Adaptive Data Fusion for Real-time Threat Assessment
Abstract:We propose a principled data fusion framework that is appropriate for an adaptive classifier implemented with supervised and multi-task learning. The detection and data fusion (DDF) engine will map the results of advanced feature extraction algorithms (weighted multi- dimensional feature vectors) onto a nonlinear vector space which will increase separation and improve Pcc. We will investigate several different metrics of the utility of data fusion in addressing strategic and tactical courses of action. In addition, we will develop new techniques for feature adaptation and selection based upon current operational scenarios within the battle space.

SEA CORP
62 Johnny Cake Hill Aquidneck Corporate Park
Middletown, RI 02842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 847-2260
John Murphy
NAVY 103-224      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Adaptive Data Fusion for Real-time Threat Assessment
Abstract:Electronic Support (ES) systems are among the fundamental instruments used for threat detection onboard Navy surface, sub-surface, and air platforms. They are tasked to sense the RF environment, to sort out all emitters, measure key associated parameters, and contribute to a comprehensive situational awareness with respect to all activity occurring in the RF spectrum. As threat systems evolve, numerous ES systems are developed or refined to contend with the ever varying RF landscape. To keep pace with these changes, ES systems need to evolve to deal with increasing sophistication of emitters, creating an inherent gap between the ways emitters are represented in different ES systems. Because of this ongoing engineering evolution, it is not uncommon to have two or more heterogeneous ES systems aboard a war fighting vessel causing the same emitter sensed from one ES system to have a representation in a second ES system that is different and not directly comparable. A system designed to perform adaptive data fusion is well-suited to addressing this problem because it will significantly improve the operator’s ability to detect and analyze valid threat signals in and electronic environment that is growing at a rapidly increasing rate.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Wayne Thornton
NAVY 103-224      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Electromagnetic Signal Classification Using Ensembles (E-CUE)
Abstract:US military forces have encountered increasingly complex electromagnetic (EM) environments over the last two decades. This complicates the task of rapidly and properly classifying emitters, which is critical to the safe, effective operation of combat platforms. Many large military platforms such as warships and aircraft rely on electronic warfare support (ES) systems for self-defense. Platforms conducting missions such as covert strike, cooperative targeting, and tactical engagement (e.g., anti-surface warfare (ASUW)) require ES capabilities in addition to those required for self-defense, since they must intercept, identify, and locate or localize emitters of interest. To rapidly and correctly fingerprint sophisticated emitters, we propose to design and demonstrate an ES system classification tool, Electromagnetic Signal Classification Using Ensembles (E-CUE). E-CUE incorporates several novel capabilities, including signal features based on alternative characterizations, classification ensembles, characterization of classification uncertainty and reliability, emitter correlation and fusion, adaptability through process assessment (PA) and process management (PM), and improved early warning.

Altusys Corp
P O Box 1274
Princeton, NJ 08542
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 651-4500
Galina Rogova
NAVY 103-224      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Adaptive Data Fusion for Real-time Threat Assessment
Abstract:One of the key goals of strengthening maritime security is to increase maritime domain awareness, involving a combination of intelligence, surveillance, and operational information to build as complete a picture as possible to assess the threats and vulnerabilities in the maritime realm. Maintaining coherent situation awareness is essential for making informed timely decisions aimed at detecting and deferring threat and assessing the impact of those decisions more effectively. The problem of threat identification is complicated by number and types, sometimes unknown, of RF emitters in the littoral environments where the features used for their classification are highly multidimensional, possibly noisy, corrupt, and with large intra-class variations. Due to these input feature characteristics, existing algorithms are ineffective for dealing with complex unreliable and uncertain multi-dimensional multi- source data streams. We propose to confront the challenge of processing these data streams by designing an adaptive context-dependent multi-layer hybrid fusion process engine that combines heuristic and connectionist approaches to feature extraction, selection, and classification

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Ron Dostie
NAVY 103-225      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Based Multi-Vehicle Command and Control System
Abstract:Progeny Systems has teamed with Tactical Systems Engineering (TSE) to propose an innovative approach for migrating and architecting the existing submarine UAS command and control systems to a more affordable, agile , flexible baseline that can easily adapt and integrate multiple unmanned vehicles into the BYG-1 combat control system. This SOA architecture will also facilitate introduction of rapid enhancements to the system to improve operability and commonality while taking full advantage of data available from the vehicles, in order to improve submarine relevancy for improved support roles in coordinated joint missions.

Rep Invariant Systems, Inc.
38 Cameron Ave. Suite 100
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 233-6109
Jeremy Brown
NAVY 103-225      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:U2VIS: A Universal Unmanned Vehicle Interface System for Control of Heterogeneous Unmanned Vehicles (UXVs)
Abstract:Rep Invariant will develop a service-oriented software architecture,the Universal Unmanned Vehicle Interface System (U2VIS). U2VIS willcontrol heterogeneous unmanned vehicles (UXVs) from the submarineCombat Control System (CCS) stations. U2VIS will support severalformal and de facto standards, including STANAG 4586 for UAV control, AS-4 JAUS for UGV and UMV control, and also MOOS and CCL for UMVcontrol. U2VIS will be non-proprietary and platform-independent. Itwill be an open, service-oriented architecture for easy extensibility.Given that UAV control has already been demonstrated from the CCS,U2VIS will not trade off a reduction of functionality inalready-demonstrated UAV control in order to introduce UGV and UMVcontrol. Uniquely, U2VIS will also support optionally integratingUXV-vendor-developed software to provide best-of-breed interfaces whencontrolling certain hardware in specific missions for which thesoftware is already tailored.In Phase I, we will fully develop the U2VIS architecture design, implement a simple demonstrator software package illustrating a fewkey concepts, and evaluate existing non-proprietary common-controllersoftware for suitability as an implementation basis for the full U2VISsystem in Phase II.

Defense Technologies, Inc.
Two Urban Centre 4890 W. Kennedy Blvd., Suite 490
Tampa, FL 33609
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 737-8893
Robert Bryner
NAVY 103-225      Awarded: 1/21/2011
Title:Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Solution for Multivehicle Control and Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Capability Core Unmanned Control System (CUCS
Abstract:The lack of a capability to control multiple vehicles from a single control station with a single operator continues to plague deployed forces by limiting the effectiveness of current UA systems. The solution to multiple vehicle control by a single operator, provisions for services over new Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), reductions in personnel requirements, and reduction in ties to specific hardware devices will positively impact the logistics, training, and personnel issues while adding flexibility to bring in new technologies as they mature without a complete system rework. Overall budgetary consumption related to GCS/CCS support, will diminish markedly, as one “control system” can serve all general requirements for multiple agencies and deployed systems.To meet this need, DTI will develop an innovative SOA solution for multivehicle control from a Submarine, including UAVs, USVs, UUVs, and UGVs, that is firmly integrated into the DTI Open Unmanned Interface (OpenUMI) Common Control Station Software Suite. These innovations will allow connectivity currently not available, bringing new tool sets to the front line UV operator, and building a variety of specific models to allow more UV capabilities to be made available to Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) tactical assets.

Fermion Government Services, LLC
1529 Technology Drive Suite 101
Chesapeake, VA 23320
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 754-1019
Larry Branthoover
NAVY 103-225      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Solution for Multivehicle Control and Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Capability Core Unmanned Control System (CUCS
Abstract:The Fermion Team approach is to leverage both the AN/BGY-1 Combat System and OpenUMI GOTS current efforts combined with SeeTrack COTS software from Seebyte Inc to create a SeeTrack SOA Solution. Bringing these three systems together using SOA will create innovative demonstration capability for the Submarine force to rapidly experiment with Unmanned Vehicles (UVs) and develop submarine CONOPS/Tactics.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 910-8903
Michele Atkinson
NAVY 103-225      Awarded: 1/20/2011
Title:Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Solution for Multivehicle Control and Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Capability Core Unmanned Control System (CUCS
Abstract:This proposal describes an approach to establishing a Navy mission planning application marketplace and associated governance so the Navy may benefit from easily accessible open-market competition for mission planning applications. Ideally suited as an service application baseline, Kutta's UGCS is already organized into a robust set of components with their own standardized messaging interfaces. The proposal outlines the current challenges in proprietary mission planning systems and how to replace those proprietary closed systems with open service applications. The work plan describes a methodical approach to segmenting the services and documenting the interfaces as a policy for application vendors to conform to. The proposal explains how the work ties into to Kutta's current work and future vision, as well as plans for staffing, commercialization, and resources.

LMSW, Inc.
1900 Preston Road, #267-303
Plano, TX 75093
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 896-4937
Patrick Antaki
NAVY 103-226      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Compact High-Speed Isolation Device for MVDC Applications
Abstract:We will develop a novel high current (1-10kA) high voltage (10kVDC) electrical relay for use in modern Navy ship designs heavily reliant on DC electrical distribution. The switch utilizes an environmentally-friendly liquid metal as the primary switching element. This relay exhibits very low on-resistance, fast switching, no bounce, and significantly increased MTBF as compared with comparable electro-mechanical contactors.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 297-3153
Antonios Challita
NAVY 103-226      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Compact High-Speed Isolation Device for MVDC Applications
Abstract:Future ships will have significantly increased power demands compared to ships of similar size constructed today. To enable this, MVDC will be needed to move generated power to both propulsion and advanced weapons and sensors. Integrating large power sources and loads via a common DC bus simplified the interface control and hardware requirements. It is anticipated that future MVDC power system architectures will control system currents via source power converters or advanced circuit interruption devices thus decreasing the need for fault interruption capability within each node of the MVDC architecture. However, a means of isolation is still required at the zonal nodes of the MVDC architecture. Utilization of a compact high-speed isolation device would provide the functionality to isolate a faulted circuit. In this Phase I SBIR, we propose to develop a mechanical contactor with a fast moving contactor that is launched with electromagnetic forces to achieve the fast circuit isolation required for this application. The concept was proven in the 4160 VAC PNSC applications. The successful development of this technology will enhance future combatant ship survivability while reducing the size and weight of the whole power distribution system.

MicroXact, Inc.
2000 Kraft Drive Suite 1207
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 917-7202
Vladimir Kochergin
NAVY 103-227      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Structural Tomography for Structural Corrosion Sensing
Abstract:Detecting and monitoring corrosion (e.g., galvanic, dissimilar metal contact, salt water induced, fresh water induced, etc.) and its related physical property degradations for 5XXX- series aluminum in harsh environments (high humidity and/or flooding, high temperatures, electromagnetic interference, etc) is calling for the development of a new type of NDE tool. MicroXact Inc. is proposing to develop such a system based on ultrasonic computer tomography approach. The proposed solution will provide two-dimensional mapping of densities and Young’s modulus of the device under test (DUT) with

FBS, Inc.
3340 West College Ave.
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-3437
Steven Owens
NAVY 103-227      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Structural Sensing of Corrosion in 5XXX-Series Aluminum
Abstract:The recent use of materials, such as 5xxx-series aluminum in new ships is posing new challenges in inspection for the Navy; as future performance of these materials over time is not as well known. Current state of the art off the shelf techniques have not proven to be viable options for monitoring these newly implemented materials and structures. FBS is proposing to investigate both guided wave computed tomography and phased array sensor systems to monitor large areas of the structure for corrosion damage. FBS also proposes the use of a new and novel Magnetostrictive sensor for large area shear wave tomographic imaging. The newly designed sensors are thin, light weight, cost effective, and rugged, while also being powerful and having excellent mode control. Lastly, FBS has received support from both a prime manufacturer of ships and also a prime manufacturer of NDT equipment to strengthen the commercialization potential of the final product.

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Sourav Banerjee
NAVY 103-227      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Structural Sensing of Corrosion in 5XXX-Series Aluminum
Abstract:Acellent Technologies, Inc. (Acellent) proposes to develop a Highly sensitive Ultrasonic system consisting of Long Lasting SMART sensors (SMART HULL) utilizing Acellent’s SMART Layer® technology to detect and continuously monitor corrosion damages in ship structures. The proposed system will be immensely valuable for Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) or Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV), and other newer ships that are using new hull forms and structural materials such as 5XXX-series aluminum, whose physical properties and future degradation potential are not completely understood. These multilayered structures are vulnerable to hostile environmental conditions and are prone to developing pitting corrosion and other forms of corrosion. Acellent proposes that the sensors will be mounted on the inside of the hull during the manufacturing process. The primary objective will be to use minimal number of sensors with high end sensitivity of corrosion detection in 5xxx-series aluminum. The proposed Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems will be specifically designed to detect damages in multi-layered structural components (up to three layers) under harsh environmental condition. The system will be integrated with a portable hardware device which will scan the desired area of the structure couple of times a day or as specified by the user.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4160
Dan Xiang
NAVY 103-227      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Structural Sensing of Corrosion in 5XXX-Series Aluminum
Abstract:The 5XXX-series aluminum alloys have high strength-to-weight ratios, good as-welded strength and excellent corrosion resistance. Changes in physical properties as a result of degradation processes of 5XXX-series (e.g., 5083, 5383, 5059) aluminum alloys are not completely understood. The susceptibility of 5XXX-series aluminum alloys to localized corrosion and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) can take place over time, and is accelerated under aggressive environmental, geometric, and structural conditions. In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) along with Southwest Research Institute (SWRI) proposes to develop a self-powered multi-parameter wireless smart sensor network (Wi-Corr) for real- time monitoring of the corrosion in 5XXX-series aluminum alloys in combination with environmental conditions.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
George Zhao
NAVY 103-228      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Integrity Monitoring of Ship Structures with a Wireless Multi-sensor Network
Abstract:The ability to monitor the condition of a naval structure to detect damage or property changes at early stages is of significant interest. We proposed to develop a ship structure monitoring system that is low cost, modular, and easily deployable. The system incorporates various types of sensors and provides early warning of critical structural problems through cooperative data processing and diagnosis. With minimal human intervention, the system can potentially achieve real-time “smart” health monitoring of critical ship structures and measure the loads and stress level for the safety of ship operation.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Greg Kacprzynski
NAVY 103-228      Awarded: 3/10/2011
Title:Structural Health Monitoring Enabled Decision Support Tool for the Littoral Combat Ship
Abstract:Impact Technologies LLC, proposes to design, develop and demonstrate a SHM enabled Decision Support Toolkit for the Littoral Combat Ship. Our focus is on delivering innovative technologies to the Navy that will transform raw SHM data into actionable information serving both LCS Operators and Maintainers. Building off experience in a wide variety of SHM and Condition Based Maintenance programs, the Impact team will first define a modular and scalable toolkit architecture that can be integrated with ICAS. We further propose to develop and demonstrate current (diagnostic) and future (prognostic) structural integrity assessments tools that will serve to fuse, classify and reason upon the current LCS SHM sensor suite and expand in capability and accuracy if/when the monitoring suite is enhanced on the LCS or future surface combatants. The Toolkit will distill structural integrity assessments into near real-time knowledge of loading relative to the safe operating envelope for Operators and into long term risk assessment, recommended corrective actions, and asset utilization for maintainers and fleet managers. We will demonstrate the toolkit in software in the Phase I final review using representative LCS sea trial data along with future technology maturation and transition plan.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Brent Roeder
NAVY 103-228      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Structural Integrity Assessment and Analysis Tools for Structural Health Monitoring
Abstract:The Navy has a critical need for the ability to predict, monitor, and assess the structural health of their high performance ships. While methods currently exist that attempt to fulfill this need, they are undesirably labor-intensive and time consuming and do not have the ability to process operational variables such as load, material condition, sea-state, weather, etc. A software toolset that can collect, analyze, and display data from a variety of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) sensors in a way that aides decision makers in determining operational and maintenance planning would be invaluable to the Navy. To provide this capability, McQ will develop the Integrated Naval Ship Condition Assessment Toolset (INSCAT). As the name implies, the INSCAT will be comprised of several software subsystems integrated into a single toolset for monitoring the structural health of naval ships. At a minimum, the INSCAT will include a multi-tiered CAD based GUI to display pertinent SHM data, AI (SOM) based SHM algorithms for real time situational awareness and long term SHM oversight, and a flexible data interface to facilitate integration with current Navy systems such as the integrated condition assessment system (ICAS).

Concepts ETI, Inc.
217 Billings Farm Road
White River Jct, VT 05001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 937-4718
Francis DiBella
NAVY 103-229      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Gas Turbine Engine Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery Shipboard Module Development
Abstract:Concepts NREC will perform a feasibility analysis of a Brayton Cycle-based, supercritical CO2 (S-CO2) system to recover waste heat from an MT-30 gas turbine used in marine applications. The S-CO2 cycle has been promoted in several DOE studies as an efficient prime mover system for heat sources less than 1500 oF. A preliminary feasibility analysis conducted by Concepts NREC has indicated a power improvement of 20% for the MT-30. The analysis will also consider the integration of thermoelectric generator system(s) within the S-CO2 cycle. The power improvement can be as high as 27% with TEG. TEG’s use cycle temperature differences to generate electric power and effectively increases the cycle efficiency to almost the limit of the Carnot Cycle efficiency. The proposal to integrate TEG systems into waste heat exchangers will use the work done by Maine Maritime Academy and Mr. Wallace of Thermoelectric Power Systems, LLC sponsored by American Bureau of Shipping and Office of Naval Research. Also considered is an auxiliary combustion system to provide thermal stability during the prime mover transient power demands. Phase 1 will culminate in an economic analysis for the recovery system to assess its economical viability to save fuel and system O&M costs.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 320-8552
Thomas Walter
NAVY 103-229      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Extracting Power and Cooling from Gas Turbine Engine Exhaust
Abstract:The widespread use of gas turbine engines for shipboard propulsion and electric power generation offers an increasingly significant opportunity utilize their high temperature exhaust. Effectively harnessed, benefits range from reduced onboard fuel storage and increased sailing distance to reduced need for tankers and fewer underway replenishments. Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) proposes a novel approach that will result in compact, closed cycle system that provides additional electric power, increased cooling, or an adjustable combination of both. A single high-speed rotating machine, with oil-free, process lubricated bearings in a hermetically sealed package forms the heart of a system that will be lightweight and small in size.Successful development of this technology will help meet the demand for more electric power and more cooling on modern combatants and support vessels. The MSI system is well suited for backfit to the existing fleet, and it can be easily integrated into the design of future ship classes.The Phase II goal is to provide a prototype heating and/or cooling system. MSI’s initial assessment of a thermodynamic cycle using the Navy’s standard working fluid shows good results. Our Phase I work will verify the feasibility of our approach against a definitive set of heat removal specifications.

Echogen Power Systems Inc.
405 S. High St.
Akron, OH 44311
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(234) 542-4379
Timothy Held
NAVY 103-229      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Waste Heat to Power through Development of a Scalable Supercritical CO2-Based Heat Engine for Naval Shipboard Applications
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is interested in exploring the development of innovative approaches to improve the specific fuel consumption of Naval vessels by incorporating compact, durable, and efficient waste heat recovery technologies into shipboard power generation module designs to convert turbine exhaust heat into power and improve overall system efficiency while reducing fuel consumption. Echogen Power Systems is commercializing a waste heat to power system through the development of a thermal engine using a modified Rankine Cycle with supercritical CO2 as the working fluid. The Echogen Cycle is a system platform, scalable from 250 kW to greater than 50 MW, that can operate with heat sources from 400 F to 1,200 F with efficiencies that exceed 30% in a small system footprint.Echogen proposes to explore the feasibility of using its thermal engine technology to improve efficiency and reduce fuel consumption for marine power generation modules. A preliminary design will be prepared that defines salient features, system performance, and addresses systems packaging and integration requirements for Naval applications. Key tasks to be addressed will include definition of waste heat exchanger designs with reduced thermo- mechanical stresses to maximize service life while minimizing back-pressure effects on the prime mover.

Candent Technologies Incorporated
6107 W. Airport Blvd Suite 190
Greenfield, IN 46140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 336-4477
Emanuel Papandreas
NAVY 103-229      Awarded: 3/9/2011
Title:Advanced Gas Turbine Engine Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery System
Abstract:Navy ships use of gas turbine engines for both main propulsion and electrical power generation. With typical simple cycle thermal efficiencies of around 32-35%, a great deal of energy is lost as exhaust waste heat from the gas turbines. Clearly there is a need to develop systems that can recover as much as possible of this waste energy, and as stated in the program goal, achieve at least a 20% reduction in fuel consumption. Also important is the avoidance of steam systems and machinery, due to their high maintenance characteristics, hence non-aqueous solutions only are to be considered.To meet these program requirements, Candent Technologies proposes to investigate a waste heat recovery system utilizing an air (Brayton) bottoming cycle with the requisite heat exchangers and turbomachinery, and also to conduct trade studies to determine the most advantageous configuration, as well as to further define the system by carrying out a preliminary design effort. The baseline system chosen will be the 501K17/K34, since the characteristics of their exhaust are well suited for the effort, and the resulting matching energy recovery system should make for a reasonable size and cost in a follow on Phase II and Phase III programs.

Research Associates of Syracuse
111 Dart Circle
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Skip Mansur
NAVY 103-230      Awarded: 3/7/2011
Title:UHF SATCOM Wideband Interference Mitigation
Abstract:SATCOM is a critical component of the C4ISR infrastructure that allows commanders to control the battlespace.While the UHF band offers many advantages, it is prone to narrowband and wideband interference. It is critical to eliminate large signal saturation and ADC device overload prior to any digital signal processing. This is particularly important for shipboard receivers, which often operate in the presence of powerful co-site interference. Robust signal processing is also necessary to extract the desired signals in the presence of large interference. Two primary processing approaches are proposed: time-frequency grid excision suitable for wideband processing, and an adaptive filtering technique that exploits temporal and/or spatial diversity of the interference. RAS proposes a multi-pronged interference mitigation concept utilizing interference suppression at RF to prevent receiver saturation followed by additional interference rejection through digital signal processing in the time and frequency domain. Interference avoidance techniques including RF channel selection, spectral RF filtering, time-domain blanking, and sidelobe-blanking are all unsatisfactory. An all-digital solution to the RF interference rejection is not practical with current receiver technology when the required instantaneous dynamic range becomes excessive. The combined approach provides the ability to detect low-level SATCOM signals in the presence of interference

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
Bruce Hart
NAVY 103-230      Awarded: 3/1/2011
Title:UHF SATCOM Wideband Interference Mitigation
Abstract:Interference is one of the major impediments to Satellite Communications (SATCOM). When strong interference is inside SATCOM channels, signals may be corrupted so that mission critical communications via satellite are disrupted. In this proposal GIRD Systems proposes innovative excision algorithms for multiple narrowband interference as well as wideband interference on wideband MUOS channels.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 781-7416
Dave Pechner
NAVY 103-230      Awarded: 3/3/2011
Title:UHF SATCOM Wideband Interference Mitigation
Abstract:SA Photonics Diversity Interference Excision (DICE) system provides wideband interference cancellation for ground based MUOS terminals. DICE can excise multiple wideband and narrow band interferers in a completely blind fashion, without any knowledge of the signal of interest or interferers. DICE can be deployed as an Applique, or integrated into the front end of MUOS receivers. The software defined nature of DICE allows the same hardware to provide interference cancellation capabilities for existing UFO TACSAT terminals, providing immediate benefits today while maintaining a forward looking future proof design.

Zephyr Software LLC
2040 Tremont Rd
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 284-3002
Clark Coleman
NAVY 103-231      Awarded: 2/14/2011
Title:Secure Operation of Untrusted SDR Systems
Abstract:SDR (Software Defined Radio) systems will often be required to accept a software component that is untrusted, e.g. from a military coalition partner. The proposed research will perform not only memory address space isolation, but other high level security monitoring services, for these untrusted components using lightweight application-level virtualization technology known as SDT (Software Dynamic Translation). Careful measurements will explore the trade-off of performance and security and guide the memory address space isolation algorithm.

Systems and Software Ent. Inc, dba The IMS Company
2929 E. Imperial Highway Suite 170
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 854-8663
Jim Snover
NAVY 103-231      Awarded: 2/16/2011
Title:Implement Automatic Code Generation tools (ACGT) in secure communications systems
Abstract:To enable the ultimate vision of using Software Defined Radios (SDR), and specifically JTRS variants for military purposes, cost effective development processes must be found that are secure, robust and reliable, which also meet the performance needs of the warfighter. This (what are you referring to as “this”?) included both initial development costs and recurring costs. Productivity tools such as waveform porting tools, SCA compliance tools, and auto-code generating tools all aid in reducing development and integration costs. The use of COTs software components can also increase development productivity and lower development costs, however, this can also call into question the security of the code if it wasn’t developed from a trusted or secure source. This SBIR response addresses those issues in detail and provides a path to developing secure code in a more cost effective manner.

Solarity LLC
200 Innovation Blvd., Suite 260A
State College, PA 16803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-2009
Travis Benanti
NAVY 103-233      Awarded: 2/4/2011
Title:Full Spectrum Photovoltaic Cells
Abstract:This proposal addresses the development of multi-junction solar cells for more complete utilization of the full solar spectrum. The approach uses a cell architecture based on an electrode nano-element array and a counter electrode array to achieve optimized light and carrier collection management (LCCM) inside a multi-junction device. The LCCM architecture applied to multi-junctions gives (1) enhanced absorption in all layers, (2) enhanced long wavelength absorption, (3) the freedom to reduce absorber layer thicknesses, due to the enhanced absorption, (4) the opportunity to use absorbers with lower carrier mobilities and lifetimes (i.e., thin film material utilization), and (5) reduced sensitivity to the light impingement angle. A six month effort for exploring this concept is proposed by a Solarity/University of Arkansas team which will have the tasks of (1) collecting data for candidate chalcogenide and III-V materials including band gap parameters (electron affinity and band gap) and optical properties (complex index of refraction), (2) assessment of possible multi-junction fabrication paths, (3) computer simulation of LCCM multi-junction performance, and computer device design optimization, and (4) technical determination of the overall feasibility of the LCCM approach to significantly improving full spectrum multi- junction performance.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Michael Squillante
NAVY 103-233      Awarded: 2/4/2011
Title:Full Spectrum Solar Cell Using Novel Material
Abstract:The goal of the proposed Phase I is to demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating cost- competitive intermediate band light-harvesting solar cells with high conversion efficiency, through a combination of intermediate band physics and the unique structure of our proposed material.The most efficient solar cells developed so far use thin film layers of engineered materials to create multi-junction cells that harvest photons over a wide solar spectrum. However, these multi-junction cells require ultra-purity materials and expensive processing. Alternatively, preliminary research now indicates that intermediate band solar cells should have the distinction of achieving the highest conversion efficiency of all approaches. Radiation Monitoring Devices intends to develop intermediate band thin film solar cells with a single light-harvesting layer that will efficiently absorb light over the same wide solar spectrum. This layer of photosensitive material will be grown in a structured form on large- area substrates using RMD’s established methods that ensure consistent, reliable fabrication and reduce manufacturing costs. The novel morphology of the resulting material will foster highly efficient light capture due to its increased effective surface area and acceptance angle, and enhance charge collection at the electrodes.