---------- OSD ----------

13 Phase I Selections from the 10.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1612
Thomas R. Halford
OSD 10-AN1      Awarded: 3/28/2011
Title:Demonstrating Cognitive Cross-Layer Protocols for Multi-Hop Transmission
Abstract:Cross-layer design principles are a critical enabling technology for future airborne wireless networks. While the research community has studied various cross-layer techniques in isolation, this effort has yet to result in integrated solutions suitable for implementation in military airborne networks. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes to partner with Prof. Sunil Kumar of San Diego State University (SDSU) in order to accelerate the development of cross-layer multi-hop data transmission protocols for future airborne networks. Our proposed program leverages cutting-edge academic research results and TrellisWare’s existing CheetahNet software defined radio (SDR) platform for military mobile ad hoc network (MANET) experimentation.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5267
Yalin Sagduyu
OSD 10-AN1      Awarded: 3/29/2011
Title:Dynamic Cross-Layer Design for Robust Cognitive Networking with Physical Channel and Delay Awareness
Abstract:We propose to develop an operationally responsive integrated framework for cognitive radio networks with seamless user connectivity. Our key innovation is to introduce physical channel and delay awareness to dynamic spectrum access at the multi-hop networking level. In particular, we characterize the fundamental trade-offs between the throughput and delay objectives subject to realistic physical channel constraints. We leverage the cross-layer design and optimization tools at the physical, medium access control, and network layers for joint spectrum access, power control, scheduling, and routing. To that end, we integrate decentralized cognitive radio capabilities in highly congested, dynamic, multi-hop environments to meet diverse user demands. The goal is to optimize the mutual balance of link stability and capacity in spectrum-agile network operation. This involves cross-layer design with multivariate end-to-end objectives of throughput and delay over realistic physical channels. We propose a distributed framework for dynamic and predictive/reactive cognitive radio management to facilitate the adaptability across space, time, coding, and frequency dimensions optimized for network resiliency. We will evaluate the end-to-end capability of automated spectral agility and dominance of the proposed approach for cognitive cross-layer wireless networking, and compare it with static solutions of separating routing and spectrum allocation to different network layers.

GIRD Systems, Inc.
310 Terrace Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 281-2900
James Caffery, Jr.
OSD 10-AN1      Awarded: 3/25/2011
Title:Jamming-resistant CRN Communication Architecture
Abstract:We propose the development of an architecture for cognitive radio networks (CRN) to provide robust operation in jamming environments. The cold re-start problem is addressed through an innovative signaling framework, and an adaptive transmission approach is applied for mitigating various levels of jamming. Finally, cross-layer optimization methods are presented in order to optimize the performance of a CRN in the presence of jamming. The proposed architecture strikes a balance between transmission efficiency and the strength of communication security.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ben L. Burnett
OSD 10-AN2      Awarded: 3/29/2011
Title:Hybrid Autonomous Router for Tactical (HART) Networks
Abstract:The DoD has identified the need for airborne platforms from the various services to be integrated into the Global Information Grid (GIG). The current state of the practice for connecting airborne platforms to the GIG has four major limitations, i.e., (1) inability to adapt dynamically to topology changes in the network; (2) need for excessive manual configuration; (3) lack of scalalability with network size; and (4) inability of routing protocols to factor radio link quality into routing decisions resulting in sub-optimal network performance. Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes to build a Hybrid Autonomous Router for Tactical (HART) networks that will implement an innovative set of networking mechanisms to overcome the limitations of the state of the art for airborne network routers. HART will improve the availability and performance of network-centric airborne applications by enhancing commercially available routers with the following capabilities: dynamic subnet address allocation, dynamic link and route assignment, and dynamic domain name services. The Phase I effort will develop a detailed design of HART to provide networking between free space optical, TTNT, WiMax, CDL, and JCAN subnetworks. The follow-on Phase II effort will implement a prototype of the HART product and demonstrate it in a laboratory setting.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Julia Deng
OSD 10-AN2      Awarded: 3/29/2011
Title:A Heterogeneous Network Integration Approach for Tactical Networks
Abstract:The future airborne network will be capable of supporting diverse heterogeneous networks (subnets). The constellation of ISR, C2 and Targeting networks are example subnet technologies. However, these networks currently only provide their own mission specific implementations, operate at different frequency bands, use different waveforms, and provide limited autonomous switching and routing capability. To enable networked information exchange, in this proposal, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes an innovative heterogeneous network integration solution. Our approach exploits existing technologies (e.g. commercial routers practices, terrestrial address and name services), and makes them more applicable to the dynamic tactical networks. First, an automatic router configuration mechanism is proposed, which allows the routers to automatically select and configure an appropriate link and routing protocol based on network connectivities, link conditions, and policies. Second, an integrated robust and auto-configurable network service framework is proposed to provide robustness, scalability, efficiency, and auto-configuration. Third, by leverage COTS routers we propose to build a hybrid multi-interface router and test the proposed technology. We will demonstrate the core functions of the proposed solution, including autonomous routing and link selection, dynamic routing auto-configuration, and dynamic address and name services under various network dynamics.

Critical Architectures, LLC
36 Saxon Way
Skillman, NJ 08558
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 333-9750
L Levin
OSD 10-AN3      Awarded: 3/25/2011
Title:Cognitive Agent Support for Infrastructure Management
Abstract:The Cognitive Agent Support for Infrastructure Management (CASIM) will be an adaptive and modular architecture that can provide a community of cognitive agents acting in multiple ways to support management of network infrastructure. CASIM agents will incorporate a cognitive module with the ability to synergistically combine multiple modes of cognition. Agents may combine statistical data mining with experience- derived heuristics, or rule-based logic to achieve the level of cognition that is required. Agents may utilize semantic reasoning over abstract concepts and reach conclusions based on matching of a problem to previous experiences. CASIM will incorporate learning & training' mechanisms that allows agents to adapt to the specifics of their local networking environment. Coordination of actions both within and between agents is via a dynamic and hierarchical workflow management system. This, combined with heursitic state estimation logic, will allow CASIM to operate in constrained tactical networks. To achieve the desired degree of autonomy and flexibility is challenging, but not insurmountable. Many of the needed technologies have been developed and demonstrated on earlier projects. By combining the components and providing them with the ontological and logical constructs specific to network management we will be able to achieve the objective capability.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Ryan C. Marotz
OSD 10-AN3      Awarded: 3/25/2011
Title:Province
Abstract:As the DoD continues to “drawdown” the number of active duty personnel, there are a limited number of network operators to examine network status data and configure the large number of network devices present in any theater of operation. However, the ever increasing complexity of missions requires optimal network operation to provide mission assurance; this drives the need to maximize automation. To meet this challenge, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) will develop Province, the distributed autonomous network management system that creates localized network management sections that are self-monitoring and self-configuring. Province is a software product that efficiently shares network information, analyzes the information, and reconfigures the network to maintain optimal network state for mission success. Province’s architecture integrates into existing network devices to efficiently compress and route network management information to reduce network overhead.

Mayflower Communications Company, Inc.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Xiaofei Wang
OSD 10-AN4      Awarded: 3/25/2011
Title:Scalable Paradigm for Effective Autonomous Routing in SUAS-centric Networks (SPEAR)
Abstract:Mayflower Communications Company, Inc. (Mayflower) proposes a novel technology, Scalable Paradigm for Effective Autonomous Routing (SPEAR), to meet the OSD’s objective, namely, to provide technology to enable autonomous routing for information exchange in the small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) environment, including SUAS, ground nodes, as well as reachback capabilities. SPEAR is a cross-layer optimized routing solution that senses network and link performance on an ongoing basis and adaptively optimizes the configuration of the network, MAC and physical (PHY) layers in order to provide reliable network performances. Many UAS are small in size, are severely SWAP- constrained, and operate in scenarios with unpredictable connectivity. SPEAR offers a low- complexity and highly adaptable routing solution to assure resilient communication performance under the most challenging circumstances. The SPEAR solution, when proven feasible in the Phase I study for the OSD application, has enormous potential for military and commercial applications. Mayflower will develop a prototype SPEAR system in Phase I and II, and ensure its commercialization in Phase III and beyond.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4251
Justin Yackoski
OSD 10-AN4      Awarded: 3/25/2011
Title:Routing Protocols for Highly Dynamic SUAS Network Topologies
Abstract:The increasing availability of small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) leads to the possibility of forming temporary mission-centric networks using multiple SUASs. The major problems faced in achieving this vision, specifically the dynamic nature of SUAS topologies and the limited bandwidth available, combine to create an environment that is inhospitable for traditional routing approaches. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) along with Professor Mario Gerla and Boeing, proposes to develop methods of route selection, route discovery, topology management, and queuing that address the challenges posed by these environments. Collectively referred to as Small UAS Routing Enhanced Networks (SURENET), the proposed techniques address these challenges in several specific ways by focusing the routing protocol toward the most useful routes and allowing temporary interruptions to remain seamless to the end user. We propose route discovery techniques which are aware of past and predicted network state when making decisions and which operate if the network is temporarily disconnected. We will also propose to create appropriate routing topologies based on the network’s changing topology. Further, we will develop techniques to determine the correct behavior when no route exists in order to manage network dynamics in a manner transparent to the user.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Abhishek Tiwari
OSD 10-AN4      Awarded: 4/4/2011
Title:Mobility-Aware Disruption-Tolerant Opportunistic Routing (MADOR) Suite and Platform Deployment Planning Toolbox
Abstract:In this effort UtopiaCompression team proposes to develop a Mobility Aware Disruption- Tolerant Opportunistic Routing (MADOR) suite for the Small Unmanned Aerial Systems Network. MADOR will leverage UC’s prior work on Mobility Aware Routing Protocol and Mobility Dissemination Protocol (MARP/MDP) for the Airborne Network. MADOR enables opportunistic disruption tolerant delivery of data between ground based tactical platoons which may otherwise not have line of sight connectivity between them. MADOR protocol suites will include adaptive energy aware rendezvous protocols and intelligent buffer management. MADOR’s performance experiences graceful degradation of performance in cases of imperfect mobility information. UC also proposes to develop a Platform Deployment Planning Toolbox for optimizing SUAS trajectories such that the possibility for encounter between ground and SUAS domain is maximized while maintaining the connectivity of the SUAS network.

Vu Tech Corp
275 W. Walnut St.
Compton, CA 90220
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 805-5608
Bo Ryu
OSD 10-AN5      Awarded: 6/1/2011
Title:Bio-Inspired Autonomic Airborne Infrastructure
Abstract:We propose to develop a Bio-inspired Autonomic Airborne Infrastructure (BAAI) aimed at dynamically reconfiguring and redeploying the airborne infrastructure of predominantly/entirely unmanned airborne networking fabric in accordance with edge user demands for information push and pull. The proposed solution is based on the unique combination of hybrid medium access control protocol (HyMAC) supporting heterogeneous airborne nodes (some with omni-directional antenna only and others with directional antenna only), multi-channel routing and topology control algorithms (MCR-TC), and Digital Hormone Model (DHM) augmented with Criticality-Sensitive Control (CSC) with the goal of achieving rapid, fully autonomous adaptive deployment, redeployment, and reconfiguration of potentially thousands of airborne nodes under a broad range of tactical scenarios. This solution is founded upon extensive research and system development experiences from both National Science Foundation (NSF) and Department of Defense (DoD) funded projects in the areas of MANET with directional antenna and bio-inspired distributed control over the last decade.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1612
Thomas R. Halford
OSD 10-AN5      Awarded: 3/30/2011
Title:Scaling Autonomic Wireless Networks to Thousands of Nodes
Abstract:In order to provide reliable, multi-hop transport of latency-critical tactical data, an autonomic airborne mesh infrastructure comprising thousands of nodes will require a radically different approach to wireless networking than the link-based protocol stack traditionally studied. TrellisWare's Barrage Relay Networks (BRNs) -- which have already been validated as a next-generation tactical MANET solution for ground-based edge communications -- provide just such an architectural framework. TrellisWare proposes to leverage the BRN framework in the design of critical enabling technologies for a 1000+ node airborne mesh.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4251
Justin Yackoski
OSD 10-AN5      Awarded: 3/29/2011
Title:Large-scale Airborne Connectivity Mesh Infrastructure Protocols
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI), along with Boeing, proposes novel networking approaches and protocols which can achieve the vision of a large-scale, infrastructure-grade UAS network (UASNET). We propose to create an automatically-forming network structure in order to avoid the prohibitive complexity in managing fine-grained network optimizations over such a large unstructured network. Based on this structure, we propose a combined routing, directional antenna, and channel access design that offers significant scalability and performance advantages by creating highly efficient “path segments” through the network. We will use these proposed protocols evaluate general tradeoffs and challenges in large- scale wireless networks through the combination of our high-fidelity network emulation technology and our highly scalable Cybele agent infrastructure. These capabilities we be used to realistically evaluate proof of concept protocols in a network of one thousand nodes. The resulting insights will then be used to guide the further development of a set of networking protocols capable of operating in a real network.