DoD SBIR FY11.1 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - CBD - DARPA - DTRA - DHP - SOCOM

---------- ARMY ----------

136 Phase I Selections from the 11.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Applied Scientific Research
1800 East Garry Ave, Suite 214
Santa Ana, CA 92705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 752-7545
Adrin Gharakhani
A11-001      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Desktop CFD Analysis for Rotorcraft and Wake Aerodynamics
Abstract:The simulation of nearly all physical processes eventually leads to the evaluation of a linear system of equations of the form Ax = b, the vast majority of which involve sparse banded matrices. To this end, while highly optimized parallel algorithms are currently available for the solution of very large system of equations in a distributed computing environment, very little has been done to date on algorithms that run efficiently on multi-core CPUs. As such there are new opportunities to develop fast, cache aware, shared memory algorithms for the solution of sparse linear equations on multi-core CPUs. The objective of this Phase I proposal is to investigate the relative performances of multigrid and Krylov based linear solvers using existing technologies, and to propose strategies for follow on development work during Phase II. Additionally, a fast, cache-aware Krylov solver will be developed for multi-core CPUs as demonstration of feasibility for Phase II.

ParaTools, Inc
2836 Kincaid Street
Eugene, OR 97405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 913-8797
Ralph Christopher Bording
A11-001      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:An Approach for Parallelizing Legacy CFD Applications
Abstract:The project will develop and evaluate a systematic methodology to evolve legacy CFD wake modeling tools for rotorcraft engineering from sequential to parallel execution on high- performance workstations. The work will focus on sparse-grid elliptic solvers found in packages such as HELIX-IA due to their computational intensity and sequential performance bottleneck. The Phase I approach will be to isolate where and how the solvers are implemented and used, create interfaces that allow solver modules to be more easily invoked, and replace the sequential modules with parallel versions from robust matrix and solver libraries. The approach is founded on an extensive and deep background of expertise, tools, and technologies we have developed in parallel software analysis, parallel performance evaluation, numerical software, and HPC environments. The multi-disciplinary team of experts assembled include the developers of the TAU Performance System® and PETSc who bring significant experience working with complex parallel software and computational simulation methods involving integration of sophisticated solver components. Successful completion of our project will create a strategy for code substitution that works well with CFD methods for Eulerian wake analysis, and a robust toolkit that can be refined in Phase II efforts to improve automation, platform porting, and parallel performance.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Vineet Ahuja
A11-002      Awarded:4/25/2011
Title:Unsteady Airfoil Design Optimization with Application to Dynamic Stall
Abstract:One of the persistent problems affecting the aerodynamic performance of rotorcrafts is retreating blade stall that results in large pitching moments and hazardous control situations. Our primary goal is the development of an unsteady design optimization framework that can be applied to refine rotorcraft blade designs by delaying the onset of stall, and improving aerodynamic performance as well as lift cycle hysteresis. The proposed unsteady optimization framework utilizes an evolutionary algorithm, automated shape parameterization tool and a novel CFD derived analysis methodology for evaluating the objective function. The novel part of the framework is the unsteady analysis procedure that combines CFD, a modified Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Procedure (POD) and an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to evaluate the objective function with the accuracy of a time- spectral method but at a fraction of the cost. The framework is readily applicable to Multi- Disciplinary Optimization (MDO) thereby leading to the inclusion of aero-elastic and aero- acoustic effects with minimal development. In Phase I we will demonstrate the applicability of the proposed framework to the shape optimization of a pitching airfoil without stall. In Phase II the problem of shape optimization with dynamic stall on a three-dimensional rotorcraft blade with and without MDO will be attempted.

Scientific Simulations LLC
1582 Inca
Laramie, WY 82072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 816-7368
Michael Long
A11-002      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Unsteady Airfoil Design Optimization with Application to Dynamic Stall
Abstract:This proposal seeks to develop a practical and economical design tool, first in two dimensions, and subsequently in three-dimensions, for optimizing helicopter rotor configurations for dynamic stall alleviation. The approach will consist of defining a target unsteady load pro_file for a pitching airfoil in two dimensions or three dimensional rotor con_figuration and modifying the shape of the airfoil/rotor blades in a manner which minimizes the difference between the computed and target load distribution. The effective solution of this optimization problem requires that the sensitivities of the objective with respect to the shape design parameters be available, and these are to be computed by solving the corresponding time-dependent adjoint problem. Although adjoint methods have been developed extensively for fixed-wing steady-state optimization problems, the practical extension of these techniques to time dependent problems has been limited due to computational cost and complexity. The use of adjoint methods for time-dependent dynamic stall alleviation would represent a significant advance in the state-of-the-art of rotorcraft design methodologies and enable the development of more advanced rotor configurations with associated performance benefits.

Systems Technology, Inc.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Brian Danowsky
A11-002      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Unsteady Airfoil Design Optimization with Application to Dynamic Stall
Abstract:The proposed work will develop the RObust unsteady aerodynaMic shapE Optimization (ROMEO) Tool specialized for design and optimization of airfoil shapes that alleviate adverse dynamic stall characteristics resulting from unsteady motion in viscous turbulent flow. The strategy is to use a high fidelity physics based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code for dynamic stall simulation and to use a nonlinear optimization scheme that guarantees robustness of the computed airfoil shapes to various error sources and uncertainties, such as un-modeled dynamics, manufacturing error and operating conditions variations. In addition, the tool will include the capability of a computationally efficient surrogate optimization design model. This capability will expedite initial trade-off studies for various airfoil shapes and operating conditions before finalizing the airfoil design with the high fidelity CFD-based model. Phase I effort will focus on developing a nonlinear optimization algorithm and strategy that alleviates adverse characteristics of unsteady/viscous/turbulent flow in a favorable way while maintaining desired performance. The design optimization will be further enhanced in Phase II with increased model fidelity and an uncertainty quantification model as a part of nonlinear optimization algorithm. The surrogate optimization design model will also be fully developed as a part of the Phase II effort.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Ashvin Hosangadi
A11-003      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Development of an Improved Unsteady Low Mach Number Navier-Stokes Simulation Module for Rotorcraft Aerodynamics
Abstract:Accurate and efficient modeling of rotorcraft flowfields is challenging due to a combination of unsteady flow dynamics and a large disparity in Mach numbers. Preconditioning techniques used to alleviate numerical stiffness from low Mach numbers in steady flows have not performed as well in unsteady environments since preconditioning parameters that are optimal for efficiency are detrimental to the level of spatial dissipation necessary for accuracy. A unified flux formulation is proposed here where the optimal scaling required for spatial accuracy is independent of the preconditioning required for time-accuracy thus providing a framework that is valid over a broad range of flow conditions. An additional objective of our effort is the formulation of a more comprehensive “unsteady” preconditioning methodology when multiple time scales are present that would account for both for the unsteady frequencies associated with local flow fluctuations, as well as system wide frequencies such as the blade passage frequency. In this effort, we will test and validate proposed unsteady flux formulations on unit problems with analytical solutions, while its application to rotorcraft flowfields and implementation in the Helios rotorcraft computational framework will be undertaken in the follow-on Phase II effort.

Delta Group International LLC
15235 Diamondhead Court, Suite 202
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 997-1911
Sudarshana Koushik
A11-004      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:An External Pressure Data System for Complex and Dynamic Surfaces
Abstract:A proposed new external pressure measurement data system for rotors and wings will use COTS components and specially designed hardware and software. The new measurement data system consists of two parts; a glove-like surface treatment that contains the pressure measurement devices and wires passing to a recording device on the moving rotor blade (or wing) and a rotating data acquisition and storage system. Recovery of high quality data measured in the fixed frame is accomplished by downloading to a portable computer after the rotor is stopped. This simple but novel approach ensures high data quality at low cost because the system is adaptable to existing rotors and wings, without extensive modification of rotor blades. Because slip rings are not required to transfer the rotating data to the fixed frame, there is a high probability of high quality results. In Phase I, a design will be developed and key components of the proposed design will be validated. In Phase II, a prototype design is built, tested, and applied in a research rotor test.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
A11-005      Awarded:5/10/2011
Title:Multiple Reaction Control Jet Modeling
Abstract:The program focuses on CFD modeling requirements for predicting Multiple Reaction Control Jet (MRCJ) plume flowfields for hypersonic interceptors. Unified kε turbulence model, and varied extensions that provide for scalar fluctutation models (SFM), baroclinic torque effects, realizability constrainst, vorticity/strain non-equilibrium effects, etc. will be systematically evaluated. Complimentary Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) will provide additional turbulence statistics that are not readily/reliably measured and provide insight into unsteady effects. The DNS data will support enhancements to the CRAFT Tech unified k-ε turbulence model. The impact of employing a variable turbulent Prandtl and Schmidt number methodology, based on a two-equation scalar variance framework, will be considered for reacting and non-reacting MRCJ. The effort will lead to extended validation of enhanced turbulence modeling tools, increased reliability of aerodynamic drag & heat flux predictions and fills a major gap at the US Army by improving upon jet interaction (JI) simulation capabilities required for design of hypersonic missiles with multiple surface- mounted, fast-reacting jet thrusters.

Applied Radar, Inc.
315 Commerce Park Road
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
Marcos Bergamo
A11-006      Awarded:6/1/2011
Title:Spread Spectrum Digital Beamforming for Millimeter Wavelengths (MMW-SSDBF)
Abstract:Key to phased arrays that can scale to high frequencies, bandwidth and large apertures is an architecture that enables full digital beamforming and large-array performance with minimum electronics per element. Out of the three proven beamforming methods for phased arrays: analog, conventional digital and spread spectrum digital beamforming (SSDBF), just the latter scales well to large arrays at high frequencies-and-bandwidth while being supportive of “one-shot” area search and simultaneous multiple-target tracking. SSBDF flexibility and scalability to MMW frequencies result from five complementary capabilities that will be included in the proposed MMW-SSDBF: (1) phase shifters used not for beamforming but for return signal multiplexing; (2) full-quality digital beamforming with one- bit phase shifters and single up/down converter and Nyquist rate DAC/ADC for the array; (3) orthogonal codes to detect cross-polarizations; (4) virtual array technologies supportive of high-resolution beamforming with spaced transmitters and receivers; (5) software-define radar implementation. Applied Radar proposes to develop the system architecture, design phase shifters and simulate the performance of a SSDBF system that will scale in frequency (e.g., up to 300 GHz) and to large virtual arrays in Phase I, and develop a prototype radar system and demonstrate its performance at 100 GHz in Phase II.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 930-3496
Robert Reid
A11-006      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:G-band (140-220 GHz) ESAs
Abstract:Nuvotronics proposes the development of G-Band (140-220 GHz) Electronically Scanned Apertures (G-Band ESAs). This program will demonstrate a multi-element electronically scanned phased array at 220 GHz that fits in a volume under 0.1 cubic cm. The miniature array is possible because of the revolutionary capability of PolyStrata™ technology to monolithically fabricate all of the passives of a millimeter wave aperture including: a waveguide to coaxial input transition, low loss rectangular coaxial transmission lines, multiple 2-way power splitters, and high efficiency radiating elements. Low loss phase shifters will be developed to provide rapid electronic tuning. This technology is scalable to larger apertures and a wide range of applications.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Christopher A Schuetz
A11-006      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:Phased array three-dimensional beam steering system for millimeter wave sources emitting in the 100-300 GHz region
Abstract:Herein, we propose a novel approach to achieving a broadband, phased-array transmitter operating at frequencies from 100-300 GHz. Our approach is based on the concept of optically distributing a pair of locked optical tones to an array of antenna coupled photomixers. Lightweight optical fibers enable the distribution of these optical tones to any arbitrary antenna array geometry with antenna placement being only limited by the physical size of the antenna. Each node of the array will be capable of emitting powers approaching 1mW at 100 GHz and the number of nodes in the array can be easily scaled using bulk optical splitting techniques and optical amplifiers. Phasing of the array is achieved using an array of optical phase modulators, which can be exceedingly fast enabling unprecedented beam slew rates. Our novel optical locking technique generates millimeter-wave tones with 1 Hz linewidths for high purity spectral emission. When combined, this photonically-enabled array will yield scalable, high-fidelity mmW phased array that covers the entire mmW spectrum in a single array.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jae Ryu
A11-007      Awarded:5/24/2011
Title:Efficient mid-range power transfer to multiple devices
Abstract:Agiltron proposes to fabricate a new type of portable inductively wireless battery charger station to relieve the logistic footprint and operation complexity of the wired power connection for charging battery-operated devices in the battlefield management. The wireless battery charger station will allow power transfers greater than 5 meters from the charging source with efficiency more than 50%. Multiple receivers can simultaneously draw up to 81 W each, total system with potential power of 800 W for 10 or more receivers. The wireless battery charger stations are compact with a small portable footprint, with a maximum length less than 0.6m. Power can transfer through many common materials like tent canvas and plywood. The system is low cost, robust and easy to maintenance.

PaneraTech
7056 Falls Reach Dr. Suite: 304
Falls Church, VA 22043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 599-8493
Yakup Bayram
A11-007      Awarded:5/19/2011
Title:Microwave Wireless Power Transfer System
Abstract:PaneraTech is proposing a microwave wireless power transfer technology to meet U.S. Army's desired 50% efficiency at 5m and further. Our proposed technology leverages our ability to confine power in a narrow beam to enable long distance wireless power transmission without compromising efficiency. Microwaves are also able to penetrate through foliage, plywood and tent canvas; thus, able to meet U.S. Army's vision to deploy this technology at active battlefield. Two key components of the system is rectifier and high gain antennas. Our team is leveraging its expertise in rectifiers to achieve extremely high efficient rectifier circuits by harvesting its multi-spectral properties. We are also leveraging our expertise in novel antenna designs to deliver mobile, compact unit that can be deployed in the active battlefield with ease.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4760
Dan Xiang
A11-008      Awarded:6/20/2011
Title:Micro X-ray Fluoroscopic Volumetric Digital Image Correlation System for Internal Deformation Measurements
Abstract:The Weapons and Materials Research Directorate (WMRD) of the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) is seeking an “in-situ” computed tomography (CT) based volumetric measurement system that incorporates volumetric digital image correlation (VDIC) algorithms for quantitative analysis of internal deformation of targets during impact. This CT-based VDIC system will enable researchers to study deformation and failure of composite armor systems during ballistic impacts. Such a system should also benefit the study of the failure behavior in biological systems. As a result, lighter weight armor systems for both personnel and vehicles can be designed and developed. Unfortunately, such an “in- situ” CT-based VDIC system does not exist. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a Micro X-ray Fluoroscopic Volumetric Digital Image Correlation (MXF-VDIC) system for real-time internal deformation measurements.

Triple Ring Technologies, Inc.
39655 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 592-3000
Brian Wilfley
A11-008      Awarded:7/28/2011
Title:High-speed volumetric measurement system for high-rate deformation
Abstract:We at Triple Ring Technologies, Inc. propose to begin development of a very-high-speed volumetric imaging system and image analysis algorithm that together will be able to track the evolution of high-rate deformations. The key to our proposed technology is our proprietary high-speed X-ray detector that generates images at 780,000 frames per second and is capable of up to 1.4 million frames per second. In order to determine the trajectories of multiple objects with maximal precision, we envision a crossed-beam system comprising multiple source/detector pairs. We ultimately envision a multi-axis system that generates three-dimensional data at the rate of up to 1.4 million frames per second. The technical objectives of Phase I are designed to evaluate the feasibility of implementing the proposed integrated hardware/software technology. In the first objective we will experimentally demonstrate tracking a projectile traveling at up to 330 m/s in 2D utilizing a single projection geometry. In the second objective we will simulate the functionality of a multi-axis system for high-speed 3D tracking. Our final report will document the efficacy of the proposed method and will supply the product requirements for the design of the complete multi-axis system.

Aerius Photonics, LLC
2223 Eastman Avenue Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Mr. Llyod Linder
A11-009      Awarded:6/3/2011
Title:Readout-Integrated Circuit (ROIC)
Abstract:Corrugated Quantum Well Infrared Photo-Detector (C-QWIP) Focal Plane Arrays (FPAs) are being extended to higher resolutions with some compromise to detector performance. These FPAs have many LWIR camera applications at the ARMY, including the Objective Pilotage for Utility and Lift (OPUL) program, unmanned air vehicles (UAV), command and control (C2), and helicopters (K-MAX). The technology also has space instrument applications for the Europa mission. A ROIC is required to address the C-QWIP limitations. These limitations include: high dark current as a result of the low resistance-area product at zero bias (RoA) product, short circuit protection for pixel shorts, and the ability of the ROIC to handle 5-10V detector bias to increase detector quantum efficiency (QE) without damage to the ROIC for pixel shorts. These features will allow the C-QWIP arrays to be operated at higher temperatures, with higher QE. In Phase I, requirements for the ROIC will be defined. The ROIC unit cell circuit performance will be simulated, and the floor plan of the ROIC will be established.

Cyan Systems
5385 Hollister Ave
Santa Barbara, CA, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 453-0582
John Caulfield
A11-009      Awarded:6/17/2011
Title:Corrugated Quantum Well Infrared ROIC technology (CROIC)
Abstract:The Corrugated Quantum Well Infrared ROIC (CROIC) FPA is the centerpiece for a potentially revolutionary technical break-through required in the successful development of Broadband C-QWIP sensors with FPA format of greater than 2000 x 2000 pixels. The Corrugated Quantum Well Infrared Rios’s innovative design will allow breakthroughs to high sensitivity C-QWIP detectors with adaptive/precision dynamic range control and novel noise reduction circuits. Figure 1 illustrates the ROIC Circuit which provides adaptive charge skimming, enhanced dynamic range, subframe averaging noise reduction, and shorted pixel mitigation for C-QWIP Detectors.Cyans CROIC architecture allows high voltage detector biasing so the C-QWIPS detectors can reach peak responsivity. The CROIC will be designed to support single color P on N or N on P polarity detectors and also support dual band C-QWIP arrays thanks to a unique high bias capable dual polarity input circuit.

Infrared Laboratories, Inc.
1808 E. 17th St
Tucson, AZ 85719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 622-7074
Ken Salvestrini
A11-009      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Broadband long wavelength large format focal plane array sensors
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to use the proprietary knowledge of readout integrated circuit (ROIC) design gained through our past 20+ years of experience to investigate, research and design a dedicated readout architecture optimized for the high performance C- QWIP PDAs developed by the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and its partner. These high performance C-QWIP PDAs have demonstrated good results in high speed, high resolution long wavelength infrared (LWIR) imaging applications. This research will result in a state-of-the art ROIC architecture which will fully realize the potential performance of these PDAs, thereby creating an advanced C-QWIP Based Focal Plane Array (FPA). Some immediate applications for these FPAs include manned and unmanned aerial reconnaissance under obscurants and poor weather conditions, identifying targets at the maximum range of future weapons, discriminating between: military and civilian targets, live and decoy systems, operational and non-operational systems, etc. The broadband C- QWIP FPAs are also capable of hyperspectral imaging for chem/bio detection, which improves the chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) capability of the Army helicopters in general, allowing rapid detection, location, assessment, and identification of enemy dismounted soldiers.

Applied Colloids
11080 Industrial Circle NW
Elk River, MN 55330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 485-1368
Gary Pozarnsky
A11-010      Awarded:4/29/2011
Title:Degassing of Nanostructured Composite Powders Utilizing Unique, Low-Cost Heating Method
Abstract:Applied Colloids proposes the use of a unique heating method to degass cryomilled powders for use in Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs). This method is low-cost and scaleable to production quantities. Phase I of this program will degass nanostructured aluminum-boron carbide powders at the rate of 20 pounds per eight hours. Cryomilled powders will be supplied by Bepex International, a company familiar with cryomilling and the equipment to perform it. Phase II will consist of scaling up the degassing process to a rate capable of supplying 200 pounds of degassed material in twenty four hours.

MATSYS, Inc.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
A11-010      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Novel Inexpensive Scalable Fluidized Degassing Process for Nanostructured, Lightweight Composite Powders
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop novel fluidized degassing system for high-strength, nanostructured, lightweight Al-based composite powders. This effort will build on our extensive experience in fluidized powder flow to develop a new generation of inexpensive, scalable and highly-efficient fluidized powder systems to speed-up the removal of the PCA, such as stearic acid, used in the production of nanostructured, lightweight composite powders. In the proposed concept we will introduce nitrogen in a loose powder bed as it is being heated. The gas will be introduced at multiple levels to ensure all the powder is exposed to it and speed up the removal of the PCA byproducts. This will reduce the exposure of the powder to temperature to minimize any grain growth. The gas will be introduced at very low pressure and flow rate to prevent any spouting, channeling or cracks which, if they develop, will cause the gas to escape without any removal of the PCA byproducts. The system will have no moving parts, which will make it easy and inexpensive to use, and minimizes maintenance costs. During the proposed project, we will build a prototype system and demonstrate the use of fluidization for the removal of the PCA byproducts while maintaining the microstructure of the starting powder.

Thermacore, Inc.
780 Eden Road
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 382-7150
Timothy M. Delahanty
A11-010      Awarded:7/13/2011
Title:Improved Efficiency Process for Degassing Nanostructured Composite Powders - Alternate PCA
Abstract:Degassing to remove Hydrogen is an expensive and time consuming problem. One solution is to find innovative degassing processes. Another is to eliminate one of the sources of hydrogen namely Stearic Acid which is the surfactant of choice. This proposal attempts to replace stearic acid with pure carbon. Some early work suggested this change might be possible. The proposal focuses on the basis of replacement.

Liuman Technologies
3773 Viceroy Dr.
Okemos, MI 48824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 353-6716
Dan Schleh
A11-011      Awarded:5/17/2011
Title:Instrumented Projectiles for Measuring Impact Forces to Characterize Ballistic Behavior of Fabrics and Composites
Abstract:In order to simulate the high velocity involved in ballistic impacts, at least up to some extent, laboratory used gas guns have been developed for material and structure testing. However, if the projectiles of the guns are not instrumented, they cannot provide information concerning impact mechanisms and damage processes during impacts. In an effort to improve their measuring capability, accelerometers may be added to the gun projectiles. Besides, due to the small dimensions, large deformation and high frequency involved in ballistic impacts, difficulties in extracting impact mechanisms and damage processes will continue to exist. Strain gage based high-velocity ballistic impactors are very different from strain gage based low-velocity drop-weight impactors. The former are based on strain wave propagation while the latter deformation. Many more challenges are expected to encounter in the development of high-velocity instrumented ballistic impactors than that in the low-velocity drop-weight impactors. However, the reward of an instrumented ballistic impactor will be enormous. It can help to improve the understanding of the impact mechanisms involved in ballistic impacts and the damage processes occurred in the impacted specimens. Hence, the design of composite materials and structures for combating ballistic impacts can be greatly accelerated.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Wade Calcutt
A11-011      Awarded:5/17/2011
Title:Instrumented Projectiles for Measuring Impact Forces to Characterize Ballistic Behavior of Fabrics and Composites
Abstract:The current laboratory methods used to experimentally evaluate the performance of textile armor fabric during ballistic impact do not provide time dependent load information. However, knowledge of the dynamic load spectrum imparted by a projectile to the fabric is required in order to properly characterize the dynamic response and failure mode of fabric yarns. What is needed is a real-time measuring technique that would provide information essential for the design and evaluation of both fabric and composite configurations common to these types of armor. To provide this capability McQ Inc. proposes to develop an advanced, ruggedized instrumented projectile (ARIP) that measures and records the dynamic force loading incurred during an impact. The capability provided by the ARIP will allow the Army to easily and accurately assess the performance of fabric/composite armor to impact in a manner never realized before. The technology developed by this project could be applied to civilian applications involving high rate impacts.

Syntronics
3500 Shannon Park Drive
Fredericksburg, VA 22408
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 374-1000
Brian Tacke
A11-011      Awarded:6/22/2011
Title:Instrumented Projectiles for Measuring Impact Forces to Characterize Ballistic Behavior of Fabrics and Composites
Abstract:The Army utilizes soft body and vehicle armor systems made up of fabrics and composite materials for resistance to minimum weight ballistic impacts. To characterize the performance of these systems, the development of high fidelity sensors and data collection instrumentation is a necessary “first step” to assess the armor system’s performance. An instrumented test projectile that can report the load-time characteristics of the impact event will provide essential information for evaluation and design of these armor systems. It is proposed to develop a very small data collection instrument with multiple input sensor channels to capture the ballistics impact load-time history information. The system must survive dynamic, high energy impacts and provide the bandwidth and dynamic range to capture the critical data. With the ever evolving advances in weapons technology, the need for high fidelity data collection becomes even more important in the future. The proposed unit will be a robust, low power, and low cost design, and it will be based earlier developed technology used in the development of small, low cost instrumentation for munitions applications including guidance, sensor management, and sensor data collection.

Onyx Optics, Inc.
6551 Sierra Lane
Dublin, CA 94568
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 833-1969
Helmuth Meissner
A11-012      Awarded:6/10/2011
Title:Coilable crystalline fiber (CCF) Er-doped eye-safe laser gain medium
Abstract:The Phase I effort aims to demonstrate a new approach to coilable crystalline fiber lasers that builds on Onyx Optics’ experience of manufacturing adhesive-free composite waveguide structures to produce bendable double-core laser ribbons. Onyx Optics proposes to focus on the manufacturing and characterization aspects of the technology because it appears essential to develop a reproducible process and characterize optical, and mechanical properties of coilable waveguides with the objective of presenting an alternative to glass fiber lasers for power scaling to 100 kW and 1000kW output. The lasing demonstration of single and multimode flexible ribbons at ARL is a critical element of Phase I. In effect, the Phase I should lay the groundwork for demonstrating the competitiveness with optical fibers and bulk crystal lasers for Directed Energy Weapons. There are many critical parameters for establishing crystalline ribbon fiber lasers. Accuracy of fabrication is a prerequisite. The design of the ribbon for performance as a laser is an important consideration. The difference in refractive index between the core and inner cladding, the transmitted wavefront as well as the passive loss due to scattering and background absorption have to be determined. The mechanical properties of the ribbon will be predicted and experimentally confirmed.

JME, Inc.
17210 Parkland Drive
Shaker Heights, OH 44120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 751-9537
John R. Miller
A11-013      Awarded:6/13/2011
Title:Graphene-Based Electric Double Layer Capacitor
Abstract:We propose to develop processes and process flows to create optimized vertically-oriented graphene nanosheet electrodes, use these electrodes to fabricate prototype electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs), and demonstrate their superior electrical performance as compared with similar devices fabricated using activated carbon. Two EDLC designs will be evaluated, the first being the conventional “separator between two electrodes” and the second being a separatorless planar structure with interdigitated electrodes covered by graphene nanosheets. This second design offers energy and power density advantages as well as increased flexibility of use, for instance, in making a conformal high-power storage device.

Vorbeck Materials Corp.
8306 Patuxent Range Road Unit 105
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 497-9000
John Lettow
A11-013      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:Functionalized Graphene Based Supercapacitors
Abstract:The power requirements of many devices and applications, ranging from transportation to portable telecommunications, exceed the capabilities of conventional batteries. Supercapacitors can provide such high powers due to their high charge-discharge rates and have the advantage of being stable for much longer times compared to batteries; but, they usually have low energy densities. There are two direct ways to increase the energy density of supercapacitors: increasing the specific capacitance of the active material, and increasing the operating voltage. Graphene based ultracapacitors can provide energy densities approaching to those of batteries due to the high specific capacitance and high surface area of graphene. In the proposed Phase I SBIR program, Vorbeck Materials, presently the only company that has EPA approval to commercially sell graphene-based products, will focus on production of high surface area graphene electrodes for ultracapacitor applications. The proof of concept for high energy density supercapacitors will be demonstrated by understanding the parameters that control the surface area and capacitance of graphene electrodes. In parallel, practical approaches for producing graphene electrodes will be developed as a preparation for the scale up.

Saxet Surface Science
3913 Todd Lane Suite 303
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 462-3444
Gregory A. Mulhollan
A11-014      Awarded:7/19/2011
Title:Negative Electron Affinity GaAs as a Thermoelectric Cooler Element
Abstract:This project will result in investigation and modeling of heat flow in a Bi2Te3-Sb2Te3 superlattice based thermoelectric cooler stack and the development of the series of processes for negative electron affinity activation of the stack substrate as a basis for an advanced sensor cooler in which current is transported across a vacuum gap that acts as a conduction and convection thermal barrier between the stack and the outside environment.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4807
James Paduano
A11-015      Awarded:5/25/2011
Title:MEMS Setae for Bio-Inspired Wind and Lift Sensing
Abstract:Aurora proposes to develop bio-inspired wind and lift sensing, and to test implementations that would enable mid-term integration on current and planned small and micro unmanned aerial systems (UAS). By using MEMS hair cells currently under development for the replication of insect flight, our approach will have long-term applicability to Army UAS concepts from “small” down to “nano” size ranges. Such hair cells have the ability to yield information on local flow fields before those flows produce inertial effects on a vehicle. Our university partners are leading experts in how insects fly, and have reverse-engineered the nervous systems of insects to understand how vision and hair sensors are used together to enable flight control and stability. Aurora and its partners are already collaborating on research into insect-based visual guidance concepts. Thus Aurora is not only transitioning MEMS airflow sensor fabrication capabilities, but also leveraging ongoing research on understanding of how best to integrate multiple bio-inspired sensors into flight control systems.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael D. Jaeger
A11-015      Awarded:7/12/2011
Title:A MEMS-Based Sensor Array for Flow Field Measurements and Aerial Vehicle Control
Abstract:Small and micro unmanned aerial systems are desired for carrying sensors into cluttered urban environments, areas of dense vegetation, and confined spaces. Control systems for these small vehicles are currently based on control approaches for larger vehicles in well- defined flows and are inadequate for gusty, highly dynamic environments, extreme vehicle maneuvers, and unconventional flight mechanisms. Control of small and micro aerial vehicles under these conditions will require sensing and adapting to small scale flow phenomena in real time. Creare proposes to develop a MEMS-based sensor system that measures pressure and flow velocity across vehicle surfaces. The sensor system is low- cost, lightweight, and easily installed on diverse vehicle shapes, and it will provide critical information related to lift, vortex attachment, and stall. The technology will improve control of small and micro aerial vehicles and enable their use for military recognizance and search and rescue operations. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the basic sensor functionality and outline a conceptual approach for using the sensors for aerial systems control. In Phase II, we will produce and test a breadboard sensor system to demonstrate its effectiveness for aerial vehicle control.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Richard W. Guiler
A11-015      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:Micro-Feather Sense and Control MAV Performance Aerodynamic Enhancement System
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) in collaboration with the Iowa State University (ISU) proposes to develop an innovative bio-inspired approach for dramatically increasing the efficiency and agility of micro air vehicles (MAVs). The concept is to develop micro-feather/hair covered membrane wings for a flapping wing MAV that will allow the vehicle to approach the flight efficiency and agility of the Hawkmoth by both sensing lift producing flow phenomena and actively (or passively) modifying the boundary layer flow. When successful the commercial potential of this discovery will be far reaching, allowing the development of MAVs that can robustly operate in highly cluttered, dynamic environments in the presents of wind gusts – something that is impossible with today’s MAV designs. This boundary layer sense and control concept will also be developed as a applique to enhance the performance of a small unmanned system such as the WASP and RAVEN UAVs by sensing a stall before it begins and delaying it.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4251
Justin Yackoski
A11-016      Awarded:5/4/2011
Title:Interoperability Architecture for Simulators and Radio Models
Abstract:Simulation is an important tool in developing and evaluating network and communication technologies, and many discrete event simulation (DES) systems have been developed. But each DES defines a unique interface between its core and radio models. Significant effort is required to port a radio model from one DES to another and then validate that the model’s accuracy has not been adversely affected. This process must be repeated each time the radio model is updated. Immediate, automatic conversion between DESs allows radio models to be effectively shared, shortening the development cycle, and accelerating the improvement of radio technology. IAI proposes to develop an Interoperability Architecture for Simulators and Radio Models (ISAM). ISAM serves as an adapter and creates an automated process for compiling and using existing radio models in any DES, regardless of which DES the radio model was written for. The key innovations of ISAM are: 1) a set of automated syntax and semantics translators which preserve model functionality and correctness, 2) a three-tiered adapter design that reduces complexity and allows translation component re-use, and 3) an intermediary common Application Programming Interface (API) to and from which all translation occurs and which allows users to directly write DES-agnostic radio models.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
A11-017      Awarded:6/21/2011
Title:Interface System Production, Evaluation, and Comparison Tool (INSPECT) Suite
Abstract:Currently available usability assessment tools provide a variety of approaches to automated graphical user interface (GUI) evaluation, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. To optimally exploit each tool’s strengths, a structured framework for integration is needed. However, a unifying framework that combines the outputs of various tools is not sufficient since it fails to address the need for fusing qualitative assessments and critiques. Therefore, we propose to design and demonstrate a taxonomy-based Interface System Production, Evaluation, and Comparison Tool (INSPECT) suite. The INSPECT suite has three major functions: (1) an assessment knowledge repository that captures and formats usability metrics, evaluation methods, and tools; (2) support for collaborative exploration, modification, and plug-and-play extension of the repository; and (3) repository- based guidance that streamlines the GUI assessment process and both solicits information from and provides information to analysts (e.g., by soliciting qualitative ratings when needed, automatically capturing quantitative metrics, explaining any redesign strategies). Analysts using the INSPECT suite to perform GUI assessments will spend less time and effort, and the results will be more comprehensive, structured, and repeatable while remaining flexible, harnessing analysts’ judgments, and requiring less usability expertise.

Harmonia, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A11-017      Awarded:6/24/2011
Title:AIR Framework: Assess, Identify and Remediate the Usability of Graphical User Interfaces
Abstract:We present the Assess, Identify, Remediate (AIR) framework to integrate disparate tools and manual non-computer based methods for usability assessment. AIR is integrated into Microsoft Office so that it leverages a familiar user interface, and minimizes the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for users. It is fully extensible, so that 3rd parties can add their own tools to AIR. AIR is designed to incorporate traditional usability assessment tools (e.g., GOMS tools, video recording tools, IMPRINT), graphical user interface design tools (e.g., LiquidApps, Visual Studio), and allow creation of data capture methods for non-computer based assessment methods. AIR focuses on using commonly available technologies to maximize its adoption.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0530
Robert C. McDonald, Ph.D.
A11-018      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:Direct Energy Conversion Fuel Cell Using Ethylene Glycol with Non-Precious Metal Catalysts
Abstract:The proposed work will evaluate a new class of non-precious metal anode catalysts for Direct Ethylene Glycol Fuel Cells (DEGFC) in practical fuel cell hardware. The influence of catalyst composition and morphology on processing method, and on anode polarization will be investigated. The improved electrooxidation catalysts, together with low membrane cross- over rates and the potential to use very concentrated fuel/water mixes, forms the basis of a liquid feed fuel cell which exceeds the Direct Methanol Fuel Cell specific energy and energy density. The new catalysts incorporate only non-precious metals for reduced cost. Methods will be developed for processing membrane electrode assemblies to incorporate the new catalysts.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Joshua D. Sole
A11-018      Awarded:6/30/2011
Title:Direct Ethylene Glycol Fuel Cell Power System for Unattended Ground Sensors
Abstract:A new family of non-precious metal catalysts is proposed for the oxidation of ethylene glycol in an alkaline anion exchange membrane direct ethylene glycol fuel cell (AEM-DEGFC). The new catalysts proposed by Mainstream combine the most desirable characteristics of some already demonstrated catalysts, and are expected to exhibit high stability, minimal poisoning, and the full oxidation of ethylene glycol. The catalysts (described within the proposal) will first be demonstrated in an idealized alkaline media, followed by an experimental demonstration of the best performing catalyst in an actual AEM-DEGFC.

MKS Technology
PO Box 74
Centennial, WY 82055
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(307) 760-9907
Keith Carron
A11-019      Awarded:6/8/2011
Title:Plasmonic Nanosensors for Chemical Warfare Agents
Abstract:A powerful team of researchers from Northwestern University and MKS Technology has been assembled to develop a portable ultratrace level sensitive sensor for chemical warfare agents. The SERS technology will be developed and evaluated at Northwestern University while the materials and portable instrumentation will be developed and manufactured at MKS Technology. Nanoparticles tuned to a specific excitation will be our source of the LSPR effect and a novel layer-by-layer method will be used to create a gas permeable fiber material with very high sensitivity for chemical warfare agents. Our team realizes that a nanoparticle surface alone is not sufficient to produce strong enhancements for nerve agents. We will use a patented technology to demonstrate selective coupling of acetylcholine esterase inhibitors to our nanomaterials. Preliminary results for this method will be presented along with trace detection of blister agents. It is also clear that a potent SERS material for chemical warfare agent detection is not the only piece of the puzzle required to meet the objectives expressed by the Army; a portable Raman reader is also required. We will demonstrate a palm-sized low power consumption reader that uniquely identifies the SERS signatures produced by our enhanced nanoparticle materials.

Real-Time Analyzers
362 Industrial Park Road Suite #8
Middletown, CT 06457
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 635-9800
Stuart Farquharson
A11-019      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:LSPR Nanostructures for SERS
Abstract:The overall goal of this proposed program (through Phase III) is to develop a chemical warfare agent analyzer capable of detecting vapor phase agents at 10-7g/m3 in less than 1 minute. This will be accomplished by developing a method to produce novel localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) nanostructures, supported by theory, that produce a minimum surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancement of 1010, and incorporating them into an air collection sampling system coupled to a field-usable Raman spectrometer. Feasibility will be demonstrated during Phase I by developing and identifying LSPR structures that produce SERS with enhancement factors of 106 and greater using three chemicals, benzenethiol, dimethyl methylphosphonate, and methylphosphonic acid. 2- chloroethyl ethylsulfide will be measured in the vapor phase during an option task. The overall goal of the Phase II program will be to develop a prototype analyzer that can measure 10 chemical agent simulants at 10-7g/m3 concentration in less than 1 minute. This will be accomplished by optimizing the enhancement of the LSPR substrates (through theory and manufacturing), incorporating them into an air collection system coupled to a Raman spectrometer, and quantifying sensitivity. The Phase III program will focus on measuring real chemical agents and developing a field testable system.

Synsonix, LLC
610 E GILBERT DR APT 235
TEMPE, AZ 85281
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 414-0187
Sumon Kumar Pal
A11-020      Awarded:6/8/2011
Title:Ultrasound for neuromodulation and control of post-trauma pain
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of using ultrasound induced neuromodulation to manage pain. SynSonix, LLC has been developing ultrasound neuromodulation (UNMOD) to noninvasively stimulate neural circuitry. Many studies have established the beneficial effects of neurostimulation for managing pain. However current methodologies require surgical implantation of stimulating electrodes which is an impractical solution for acute traumas. Pain management for acute traumas is generally accomplished with narcotics, which is less than ideal in a battlefield scenario as they severely effect cognitive abilities and have other unwanted side effects such as respiratory depression. Our technology of peripheral ultrasound neuromodulation (PUNMOD) offers several advantages over narcotics and current methods of neurostimulation. PUNMOD has the potential to be highly portable as a battlefield analgesic and has the advantage of leaving the patients cognitive abilities intact. In addition PUNMOD does not carry with it the risk of abuse or the need for the surveillance that is associated with pharmaceutical analgesics. In this proposal we outline a plan for the development and testing of a portable, first-generation prototype capable of noninvasive peripheral neurostimulation to modulate pain.

Spectral Platforms
5652 Stardust Road
La Canada, CA 91011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 532-7284
Ravi Verma
A11-021      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:Raman Anthrax and Biothreat Detection System (RADS)
Abstract:Since the anthrax attacks of September-October 2001, the United States has developed and deployed several biothreat detection systems (most notably at various postal service locations). The most accurate systems utilize PCR technology and are therefore bulky, cannot be easily miniaturized, and generally are not suitable for detection in more remote locations. Smaller systems, such as those based on the detection of spores via standard Raman spectroscopy or by use of immunoassays result in an unacceptable high proportion of falsely positive signals, thereby limiting their utility. Here, we propose a highly specific bioterror threat agent detection system using ultraviolet light emitting diodes (UV LED) in a Raman spectrometer, combined with a 2D correlation analytic technique. In Phase I, we will validate our methods with experimental results collected using a breadboard instrument on an accepted anthrax simulant. We will demonstrate that our methods improve the detection sensitivity by 100,000-fold compared to the current approach for point-of-care detection. In Phase II, we will implement our technique in a compact point-of-care instrument ready for CONUS testing at an Army facility.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1231
William Barney
A11-021      Awarded:6/2/2011
Title:UV-enhanced Raman sensors with high SNR and spectral selectivity
Abstract:To support a variety of applications in environmental chemical sensing—including homeland security, defense, and commercial applications—we will develop a UV-enhanced Raman spectroscopy system which demonstrates improved SNR by up to 5 orders of magnitude and spectral resolution by up to 2 orders of magnitude, compared to standard Raman spectroscopy. Along with our Phase I performance results, we will present a draft design for a compact, integrated, rugged instrument, to be developed in Phase II.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Alan Cisar
A11-022      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:Efficient Electro-Oxidation of Ethanol for High Energy Density Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell System
Abstract:Ethanol is an attractive alternative as fuel for direct alcohol fuel cells since it is renewable, more energy dense and less toxic than methanol. Alkaline electrochemistry further provides potential for improved ethanol oxidation kinetics and the use of non-Pt catalysts. Complete 12 electron electro-oxidation of ethanol to CO2 is however difficult to achieve, resulting in low energy efficiency for the Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells (DEFCs). In addition, the requirement of KOH in the fuel feed complicates the system design. Lynntech proposes a combinatorial approach to the development of active and stable ethanol electro-oxidation catalyst to achieve high electron transfer efficiency of the oxidation process. Also the use of alkaline modifiers in the catalyst layer is proposed to eliminate KOH required in the fuel feed. In combination with an ethanol tolerant cathode catalyst, Lynntech proposes to develop a DEFC stack with more than 150 mW/cm2 power density and capable of working with greater than 5 M ethanol feed. The performance and stability of the DEFC will be demonstrated in a short stack for 100 hours. A complete 40W (net) system design will be developed for the Phase II prototype system with a design energy density of greater than 1000 Wh/kg.

TREMONT TECHNOLOGY LLC
10401 TREMONT LN
fishers, IN 46037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 460-7934
Rongrong Chen
A11-022      Awarded:6/30/2011
Title:Development of a Direct Ethanol Fuel Cell System with Anion Exchange Membranes
Abstract:The proposed project will develop a direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) system based on our recent research breakthroughs in non-platinum catalysts, alkaline ionomers, and anion- exchange-membranes. The AEM-DEFC system will have several advantages, including (1) non-Pt catalysts with ethanol tolerance can be used in the cathodes of the DEFCs; (2) concentrated ethanol solutions can be used in the DEFCs; (3) higher power capacity and better durability than the PEM-DMFC system. US Military Forces have great needs for long lasting power sources and the proposed DEFC technology has several advantages for military applications, including lower weight, better safety, shorter down time (no recharging time, unlike secondary batteries), and lower heat signature (as compared to combustion engines). It also overcomes most of the difficulties of the existing PEM-DMFC technologies.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael G. Izenson
A11-023      Awarded:7/6/2011
Title:Compact, Efficient, Multi-Fueled Thermoelectric Power Generator
Abstract:Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) offer the potential for simple and efficient conversion of heat directly to electric power. However, efficient and logistically compatible power generation systems that incorporate TEGs present an engineering challenge, requiring an overall design that balances critical trade-offs between TEG performance requirements, combustion efficiency, power conditioning, and thermal management. We propose to develop an innovative power conversion system using a TEG to convert heat from a multi-fuel combustor to electricity. The system will combine state-of-the-art thermoelectric materials with advanced technologies for combustion, power conditioning, and thermal management. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach by developing an overall system model that includes all critical processes in the power conversion system. We will select combustor and overall system parameters that optimize the system for overall efficiency. We will demonstrate performance of state-of-the-art TEGs under conditions that simulate operation in the optimized system. In Phase II we will build, test, and deliver a complete multi-fuel, 300 We, 28 VDC TEG power system.

RCT Systems, Inc.
1745A West Nursery Rd MS4018
Linthicum, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 500-4803
Jerry Foshage
A11-023      Awarded:6/24/2011
Title:Advanced Multi-Fueled 300 W 28VDC Thermoelectric Power System
Abstract:RCT Systems proposes a Thermoelectric Scalable Power Generator (TSPG) design capable of >300 Watts, operating continuous at 28 VDC in a package weighing < 22 Lb, based on a thermoelectric generator combusting gaseous (propane) and liquid (JP-8/DF-2) fuels. High ZT (>1.5) nanostructure thermoelectric materials are utilized. An embedded processor controls combustion, power management and DC/DC conversion. Design consideration of heat signature, noise, vibration, RF, smoke, ruggedness, operational safety and portability in land based locations are included.

American Lithium Energy
935 Bailey Court Unit 106
San Marcos, CA 92069
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-0611
Jiang Fan
A11-024      Awarded:7/29/2011
Title:Safe High Rate and Ultra High Capacity with Minimum 4.0 Amp. hour 18650 lithium ion rechargeable cell
Abstract:This proposal targets developing a safe, high-rate, ultra-high capacity 18650-size cell with a minimum capacity of 4 Ah, a minimum specific energy of 300 Wh/kg, able to provide at least 100 cycles at C/3 charging and discharging rates. The cell achieves this performance by the use of a novel, highly reversible, pre-lithiated, Si nano-composite negative with a novel ceramic layer on the electrode surface besides the high capacity positive (>300 mAh/g). This cell is intended for military batteries such as Land Warrior battery (4S4P) and BB2590 battery (8S3P), but will have other applications as well.

Yardney Technical Products, Inc.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Malgorzata Gulbinska
A11-024      Awarded:9/1/2011
Title:Safe High Rate and Ultra High Capacity with Minimum 4.0 Amp. hour 18650 lithium ion rechargeable cell
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Army’s need for rechargeable 18650-type lithium-ion cells with specific energy greater than 300 Wh/kg for Land Warrior applications. The proposed cells will allow a Soldier to drastically extend the mission run time and reduce the frequency of changing the batteries. The improvements in specific energy will be achieved by radical enhancements of the cell’s chemistry and introduction of the next generation, high energy active materials in both cathode and anode. Cell safety improvements will also be implemented as a part of this effort. In this project, high capacity/energy cathode based on lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide active material, capable of delivering ~250 mAh/g during C/10 discharge, with an average discharge potential of 3.55 V will be set against the high capacity, nano-engineered anode, based on silicon-carbon active material, capable of delivering >1000 mAh/g, and both electrodes will be implemented into 18650-type lithium-ion cells.

IRFLex Corporation
300 Ringgold Industrial Parkway
Danville, VA 24540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 483-4304
Francois Chenard
A11-025      Awarded:6/1/2011
Title:Laser Beam Delivery Sub-System for Multi-Band Mid-Infrared Laser
Abstract:High power midwave infrared (2ƒ{5 ƒÝm) lasers are currently used in infrared countermeasure (IRCM) systems. The objective of this SBIR is to develop high efficiency laser beam delivery system. Current beam delivery methods for IRCM systems are manufactured from free-space optics or midwave multimode fibers. Free-space beam delivery has limited reliability, is heavy and requires complex packaging for mitigating environmental and vibration effects. Beam delivery via multimode fibers meets the requirement of compactness and lightweight but offers poor mode quality. Single-mode fibers are the only choice for transporting high beam quality multi-band mid-infrared lasers in IRCM systems. The single-mode fiber systems will be compact, lightweight, have excellent mode quality, multi-kilowatt power transmission capacity, minimal loss, and large bandwidths. Such single-mode fiber can be developed from existing fiber fabrication technologies. The proposed work will demonstrate feasibility of producing innovative chalcogenide glass single-mode fibers specially designed to enable high quality low-loss transmission of high power midwave infrared (2ƒ{5 ƒÝm) laser beam. These unique fibers provide the platform for designing a beam delivery system with large bandwidth, robust, compact, lightweight, high brightness, and good beam quality for next-generation IRCM systems.

Redstone Aerospace Corp.
P.O. Box 1504
Longmont, CO 80502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 684-8120
Larry Kaylor
A11-025      Awarded:4/18/2011
Title:Multi-Band High Power IR Laser Delivery Subsystem
Abstract:Redstone Aerospace proposes to develop an innovative beam delivery system that combines an advanced pointing control system design with a complimentary beam director design. This combination will enable a lightweight, high-performance, low-cost beam delivery system to achieve the pointing performance necessary for a high power laser infrared countermeasure system.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Terry Patten
A11-026      Awarded:5/26/2011
Title:Data Integrity and Consistency through a Formal Logical Integrity Constraints Toolset (DICONFLICT)
Abstract:The Army has invested heavily in systems such as DCGS-A that provide intelligence analysts with a wealth of information originating from a wide variety of sources and sensors. As the number of sources and sensors grows, however, so does the potential for inconsistent information. We propose to develop a toolset to detect and repair inconsistencies in formal logical representations of intelligence information. Description Logic, as specified in the World Wide Web Consortium’s OWL2 DL standard, is proposed as the formal logic framework, due to its theoretical, computational, and standards properties. The soon-to-be submitted OWL2 Integrity Constraints standard, and an existing implementation of that standard, is proposed as the basis for an integrity constraints mechanism. Innovative techniques are proposed to provide flexibility and scalability when enforcing integrity constraints. Evaluating consistency checking and repair in a large data set is problematic; an extremely rigorous yet inexpensive evaluation procedure is proposed. Combining mathematically rigorous OWL2 DL reasoning with innovative techniques for flexible and scalable integrity constraints, we offer both a solid theoretical basis for future work and a practical solution to achieving data integrity in vast amounts of intelligence data.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Terrance Goan
A11-026      Awarded:4/28/2011
Title:Bootstrapping Background Knowledge to Arbitrate Data Integrity Issues Within Large Volumes of Data
Abstract:As intelligence and sensor data acquisition technologies improve and expand, the difficulties of maintaining data integrity across vast amounts of data continue to plague researchers. Generally considered to be a problem of computational scalability, we also recognize that a much greater challenge lies in developing and maintaining background knowledge that can be used to move beyond traditional data integrity checks, in an effort to identify and resolve more complex inconsistencies. With our proposed system, called Arbiter, we seek to exploit the hidden opportunity posed by very large data sources in three ways: (1) constructing pseudo-genomes for each entity instance to rapidly identify likely matches, leveraging lightweight ontology alignment heuristics to efficiently identify high-confidence alignment opportunities; (2) leveraging data redundancy to autonomously learn the background knowledge necessary to facilitate the detection of complex relational inconsistencies; and (3) validating entity instance matches with a wide range of heuristics in combination with the acquired background knowledge to resolve higher levels of uncertainty. Phase I prototyping will draw on existing software components, allowing rapid progress.

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Dale Klamer
A11-027      Awarded:5/26/2011
Title:Behavioral Discrimination of Moving Targets in Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) Radar
Abstract:Black River Systems, with notable GMTI radar/tracking experience coupled with our recent work to characterize and model dismounts, proposes an innovative algorithmic approach to discriminate between humans and wildlife based on motion analysis. We developed the BRAT Tracker used on a daily basis to process in-theater GMTI operational data to generate GMTI tracks. We will process STANAG 4607 GMTI dots through the BRAT to develop GMTI Tracks. Using a Hartigan Cluster-Leader algorithm, Track Clustering forms groups of nearby GMTI Tracks. For each group, Feature Extraction computes features, including size, motion, Radar Cross Section, and associated statics (mean, covariance, minimum, maximum), that characterize group motion. Principal Component Analysis identifies features that are correlated, contain the most information, and determines a mapping from the original feature space to a reduced dimensionality space. These reduced features are processed through Track Discriminator by a Support Vector Machine to provide (nonlinear) classification of the group as Dismount, Animal, Clutter, or Vehicle. We also investigate a Relevance Vector Machine as the Track Discriminator, and compare its performance with the SVM. We will conduct parametric studies (track length, revisit rate, features, and resolution) to provide guidance for operating conditions (sensor accuracies and required 4607 fields).

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Charlene S. Ahn
A11-027      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Behavioral Discrimination of Moving Targets in Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) Radar
Abstract:Discriminating between dismounts, fauna, vehicle, blowing vegetation, and other moving objects detectable by Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) radar is of great importance for many surveillance and reconnaissance tasks. Current state-of-the-art discrimination algorithms usually involve range-Doppler signature methods involving long sensor dwell durations, but due to practicality issues, methods not dependent on high sensitivity and long dwell durations are desirable. In particular, behavioral patterns visible in long observation intervals may be exploited to discriminate between target classes. Toyon Research Corporation proposes a dual-layer approach to this problem. A training-based method using a classifier performing supervised learning forms a large component of the lower-level classification in regard to variation in acceleration, signal-to-noise ratio, and other such general parameters. Output from this classifier forms part of the input to a model-based classification method implemented by a particle filter as the upper level, discriminating based on such criteria as starting position, no-go regions, and other such specific parameters.

ANDRO Computational Solutions, LLC
Beeches Technical Campus 7902 Turin Road, Ste. 2-1
Rome, NY 13440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 334-1163
Andrew Drozd
A11-028      Awarded:6/28/2011
Title:Asynchronous Network Signal Sensing and Classification Techniques
Abstract:This SBIR project will develop a distributed sensor network framework capable of synchronous/asynchronous automatic modulation classification (AMC) in a non-cooperative communication environment where the received signal is unknown and weak. During the Phase I of this effort, we will focus our attention to synchronous/asynchronous AMC based on a distributed decision fusion network using parallel fusion architecture, because of the robustness, the scalability and the flexibility it offers. The developed distributed sensor network will include optimized local sensor decision rules as well as optimized fusion rules at the fusion center. The first goal of this project will be the generalization of the well- established distributed detection and data fusion results to the multiclass weak signal AMC problem which is not a trivial task. We will investigate both soft decision based multiclass classifiers along with multiclass fusion rules and binary decision tree classifiers. We will also address various other open research problems in distributed AMC including incorporation of the wireless channel uncertainties between local sensors and the fusion center, bandwidth management in a bandwidth constrained sensor network and security issues. We will perform feasibility studies in a number of operating conditions through computer simulations and theoretical analyses.

Ivysys Technologies, LLC
2001 Jefferson Davis Hwy Suite 1109
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5665
Wil Myrick
A11-028      Awarded:4/18/2011
Title:Optimal Detection and Classification in a Centralized Network of Asynchronous Sensors
Abstract:IvySys proposes novel asynchronous signal sensing and automatic modulation classification (AMC) approaches that leverage a centralized network of low-cost asynchronous sensors to enable weak signal detection and classification. These innovative approaches will provide detection performance within 3 to 5 dB Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise Ratio (SINR) of a centralized network of synchronous sensors. This asynchronous signal sensing processing architecture combines weak signal Cross Ambiguity Function (CAF) detection with Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC) to improve probability of detection, while minimizing the probability of false alarm. We plan to extend the CAF mathematical algorithm framework to address asynchronous signal correlations and build upon existing MRC techniques, which are inherently robust to signal fading. We will investigate both traditional and cyclic CAF processing algorithms. The cyclic CAF is inherently robust to channel distortion allowing for increased SINR for a given Signal of Interest (SOI), thereby enhancing weak signal detection. We will also leverage a sensor network simulation tool (LPIsimNET) to provide both planning and prediction capability for sensor placement based on maximizing SINR for single input multiple-output (SIMO) configurations.

DHPC Technologies, Inc.
10 Woodbridge Center Drive Suite 650
Woodbridge, NJ 07095
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 791-5414
Yakov Soskind
A11-029      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:Mid-Infrared Laser Beam Combining Module for Infrared Countermeasure Application
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop highly reliable, low cost and small package size mid-infrared diode laser beam combining module (LBCM) for integration into various military applications, including infrared countermeasure systems (IRCMs), remote chemical detection and sensing, as well as free-space communications. The LBCM will offer reduced size, weight, and power consumption required for integration into a variety of systems suitable for use on manned or unmanned carriers. The LBCM will be designed and optimized for manufacturing to assure high yield cost-effective volume production. During SBIR Phase I, a detailed trade-off analysis of the alternative state of the art beam combining techniques applied to mid-IR laser sources will be provided. The analysis outcome will serve to design a beam combining module that will produce a single high power output beam with high directionality while minimizing optical losses and reducing the size, weight and power (SWaP), as well as improving the wall-plug efficiency. Multidimensional tolerance analysis and design optimization of the LBCM will be performed to assure highest yields during volume production. Upon completion of SBIR Phase I, a final report will be compiled, and the LBCM design will become available for fabrication & evaluation during the following SBIR Phase II.

TeraDiode, Inc.
11A Beaver Brook Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 952-2501
Bien Chann
A11-029      Awarded:7/7/2011
Title:Mid-Infrared Laser Beam Combining Module for Infrared Countermeasure Application
Abstract:There is a compelling need for scaling the output of mid-infrared lasers to much higher power, brightness, and energy, particularly for infrared countermeasure application. We propose a Phase I configuration that demonstrates WBC of four (4) quantum cascade lasers in a single waveband (Band 4b). This achievement will substantiate the feasibility of WBC cavities constructed with QCL active devices. The Phase II configuration would then extend this to the >20 W QCW operational regime with active devices grown as multi-emitter bar arrays. In addition, we propose to construct the Phase II demonstrator to be a multiband device such that there will be laser bar arrays emitting at both Band 4a and Band 4b wavelengths which will share the common cavity, i.e., there will be a single output beam which is comprised of >20 W of quasi-CW (QCW) emission at each of the two wavebands. This demonstrator will establish both the power scalability of the WBC configuration and the ability to design and operate single laser cavities at multiple IRCM wavebands.

Sinmat Inc
2153 Hawthorne Road GTEC Center, Suite 129, Box2
Gainesville, FL 32641
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 334-7237
Deepika Singh
A11-030      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:Production of Reduced Defect Density (112) Silicon Wafers Utilizing Ultra- Gentle, Chemical Mechanical Smoothening (CMS) Process
Abstract:As the epi quality of HgCdTe layers is dependent on the quality of silicon surfaces, it is imperative that the (112) Si surfaces be pristine and devoid of defects. Unfortunately, the commercial available (112) Si surfaces are typically poor quality due to the presence of large number of COP (crystal originated particle) defects. Such defects arise during crystal growth and are further delineated by the standard CMP (chemical mechanical polishing) process used in the industry. Thus, to enhance the crystalline quality of (112) wafers, new methods to eliminate COP defects, and the development of ultra-smooth and ultra-gentle CMP polishing techniques that are optimized for (112) wafers will be explored as part of this project. Sinmat's technology is based on combination of unique thermal annealing and polishing process. Using unique particles and chemical additives, ultra-gentle and ultra- smooth polishing process for (112) substrates will be developed.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8730
Dave Ludwig
A11-031      Awarded:7/18/2011
Title:Optically Fused Thermal Imaging Module
Abstract:Night Vision Goggles (NVGs) using image intensifier (I2) technology have been widely deployed for nighttime reconnaissance and mobility operations. I2 devices produce high resolution images with texture and detail. However, they are limited in obstructed conditions (fog, smoke, dust) and in environments with very low ambient lighting, which are conditions where devices using uncooled LWIR technology sensors perform well. Providing both sensors on a common platform gives the soldier continuous day/night operation under all conditions. ISC and its partner OPTICS 1 have developed a system using optical fusion to combine information from the low light and thermal displays via an optical element. The Clip On Thermal Imager (COTI), which is currently in production, attaches to existing NVGs in a few seconds and allows the warfighters to have fused capability at a fraction of the cost competing systems. However, the current COTI product has a limited Field of View (FOV) of 20°, which does not match the full 38º FOV of NVG systems. This proposed program is to improve current optical overlay enabling hardware producing a system that makes use of the existing inventory of NVGs, matches the full FOV, and minimizes the size, weight, and power.

Manufacturing Techniques, Inc. (MTEQ)
140 Technology Park Drive
Kilmarnock, VA 22482
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 660-9505
John Hall
A11-031      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:Optically Fused Thermal Imaging Module
Abstract:The purpose of this program is to develop a clip-on thermal imager device that covers the full 40 degree field of view of the host night vision goggle. MTEQ’s approach utilizes a novel optical coupling technique coupled with the latest high resolution infrared focal plane arrays to provide up to 36% improvement in performance with no increase in size, weight, or power compared to currently available technology.

Advanced Optical Technologies, Inc
PO Box 8383
Albuquerque, NM 87198
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 250-1685
Brian Hoover
A11-032      Awarded:6/8/2011
Title:Optimization of Active Polarimeters for ATR
Abstract:Use of polarization signatures can dramatically improve the performance of active or laser sensors for automated target recognition (ATR) and other applications. While their potential has been widely recognized, laser polarimeters have been limited by technology gaps in two areas: utilization of high-dimensional data and operation in a real-time compact system. This project extends and combines 1) polarization-components techniques (PCT) classification algorithms for efficient signature utilization and 2) partial Mueller-matrix polarimeter (pMMP) designs to allow effective implementation in deployable sensors and an existing active imager in particular.

Kord Technologies, Inc.
701 Pratt Avenue
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 617-0957
Craig Farlow
A11-032      Awarded:5/27/2011
Title:Optimization of Active Polarimeters for Real-Time Imaging
Abstract:The Army has identified the need to enhance existing ground-based surveillance platforms by utilizing polarimetric imaging (PI). Situational awareness imagery has become a vital tool for locating and helping to neutralize roadway threats. The urgency of these threats demands quick, cost effective solutions that can be easily integrated into existing systems without loss of current functionality. While passive PI has demonstrated its usefulness at enhancing detection capabilities, it suffers from a decrease in optical performance. The degradation is caused by a significant reduction in the number of photons reaching the sensor focal plane array (FPA) due to the use of polarizers to analyze the incoming radiation. This inhibits the ability to perform effective target discrimination. Consequently, an active illumination source is needed to restore signal-to-noise losses. Kord Technologies and Digital Fusion plan to address this issue by developing robust real-time polarimetric detection and discrimination algorithms for IED and hostile vehicle targets. Sensor performance will be modeled and probability curves generated for simulated targets. In addition, a feasibility study for development (or re-engineering) of an active SWIR polarimetric sensor system will be performed.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6801
Richard Myers
A11-033      Awarded:6/13/2011
Title:UV-Enhanced APD Receiver for Free Space Optical Communications
Abstract:Free space optical communication (FSOC) systems offer rapid data transfer rates, allowing practical wireless relay of complex data sets. To further promote the use of this technology for medium-range optical communication links operating with eye-safe ultra-violet (UV) sources, compact and robust receiver modules with high responsivity that operate in a range of environmental conditions are required. To meet this challenge, scientists at Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (RMD) will further advance our state-of-the-art silicon avalanche photodiode (APD) technology. Our goal is to realize a manufacturing process that reliably produces APDs with quantum efficiencies of greater than 80% in the 350 to 380 nm wavelength range, operation at temperature ranging from -40 to 70 °C, bandwidths of at least 100 MHz and less than 90 V operation bias. This effort will build upon our established planar processing methods, without sacrificing its advantages; namely, large area APD detectors with high quantum efficiencies and signal gains greater than 1000. When coupled to high-speed amplification electronics, a receiver module will be realized that meets required performance specifications as defined by the US Army.

Spire Corporation
One Patriots Park
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-6000
Nader Kalkhoran
A11-033      Awarded:7/21/2011
Title:Large-Area UV-Selective Silicon-Based Avalanche Photodiodes
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR proposal aims to develop for the first time high efficiency large-area, low- noise UV avalanche photodiodes on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) structures. These devices will benefit from Spire’s patented technology to selectivity detect UV radiation with efficiency levels at greater than 80% while being relatively insensitive to longer visible and near infrared photons. Upon success demonstration of the feasibility of these devices in Phase I, Spire will optimize the design and process parameters and develop devices worthy of government and commercial application.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Roger Xu
A11-034      Awarded:6/7/2011
Title:Non-cooperative Target Tracking and Identification on UAV Platform
Abstract:To achieve the goal of biometric tagging, tracking and localization (TTL) of non-cooperative high value targets based on existing UAV payloads, IAI proposes to develop an integrated real-time tracking and identification system that can automatically track and recognize non- cooperative targets (people of interest) in urban or rural environments. The proposed system is built on top of fast UAV trajectory control, innovative multiple-target tracking, and 3D imaging technologies-enhanced facial recognition approach. There are several key features in the proposed system. First, Innovative target tracking framework based on off-the-shelf target tracking module and a two-level inference engine can handle various non-cooperative target moving patterns under complex cluster environments. Second, by actively integration of target tracking and UAV control algorithms in a closed-loop, the tasks of keeping targets on track and within the sensor's FOV becomes possible. Fast sub-optimal trajectory generation and swift camera pointing control on the fly enable UAV re-acquiring track of lost targets in no time. Third, upon detection of potential targets, camera is automatically adjusted for higher resolution face image capturing, and then 3D imaging technologies enhanced facial recognition algorithm is applied to highly increase the facial recognition rate.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Timothy C. Faltemier
A11-034      Awarded:5/13/2011
Title:Long Range, Non-cooperative, Biometric Tagging, Tracking and Location
Abstract:With the growing concerns surrounding security and terrorism around the world, biometrics has become one of the premier solutions to combat these problems. Traditionally, biometrics has been an academic problem that has been studied from the perspective of optimal environments (good lighting, cooperative subjects, single-frontal-2D / 3D photographs, etc.) and unlimited time and processing power. This form of biometric signature is considered “cooperative” and is generally not applicable to the more difficult problem of “real-world” recognition. Non-cooperative feature recognition is an important component to tracking as a method of distinguishing between tracking targets. Tracking and location determination can be accomplished easily on static platforms with controlled backgrounds and camera calibration, but has shown to be significantly more challenging on a mobile UAV platform. Innovative research is required to identify “non-cooperative” techniques that can be developed for implementation under modern battlefield conditions. In this proposal, we present a variety of algorithms and methods to perform tagging, tracking, and locating (TTL) from existing UAV platforms and sensor payloads. We will leverage our prior SBIR and academic experience in this area, fusing remote biometric feature extraction with state-of-the-art image alignment, to tag, track, and locate long-range, non-cooperative targets on diverse video sensor input.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Sam Mahoney
A11-035      Awarded:6/1/2011
Title:Adversary Behavior Acquisition, Collection, Understanding, and Summarization (ABACUS) Tool
Abstract:Despite sophisticated collection technology and systems that attempt to fuse sensor data into actionable intelligence, our forces must still rely on individual judgments and dangerous close-range soldier sensing and searching to help identify those covert individuals who are most likely to act against our forces. To proactively uncover hostile adversary intent by exploiting multiple sources of existing intelligence (e.g., COMINT, BIOINT, HUMINT), we propose to design and demonstrate an Adversary Behavior Acquisition, Collection, Understanding, and Summarization (ABACUS) Tool. ABACUS consists of three main components: (1) a plug-and-play data processing architecture that ingests intelligence reports from multiple sources and provides a common semantic representation to aggregate information across multiple dimensions (e.g., spatial, temporal, economic, political); (2) a human behavior modeling and simulation engine that reasons about adversarial behavior and computes intent-based threat assessments of individuals and groups; and (3) a tool that integrates these capabilities for intelligence analysts at BCT and below and reflects Military Intelligence operational environments and workflow. At the end of Phase I, we will demonstrate ABACUS using in-house software and knowledge artifacts, and develop an evaluation plan that—with guidance from the Sponsor and user community—will ensure a transition ready design jumpstarting Phase II development.

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1421
Richard Hull
A11-035      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Clear Heart: Recognizing Adversarial Intent from Multi-INT Data
Abstract:Modus Operandi proposes the development of CLEAR HEART, an innovative system for recognizing adversarial intent from indicators present in hard and soft intelligence data. Early identification of indicators or behaviors of adversarial intent is critical to protecting US soldiers from attack during counter-insurgency and peace-keeping missions. Furthermore, the enemy goes to great lengths to hide his activities, making detection even more difficult. CLEAR HEART identifies and extracts ‘malintent’ features and transforms and fuses them into instances of concepts and relationships within a contextualized, semantic model. Probabilistic algorithms then determine the likelihood of adversarial intent based on the fused evidence and present that information to warfighters quickly and easily. This capability will significantly improve soldier’s abilities to detect adversarial intent in tactical situations.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2200
Andrew Hock
A11-036      Awarded:8/26/2011
Title:Dismount Detection, Tracking and Classification
Abstract:In this proposal, Areté Associates describes a novel approach to dismount detection, tracking and classification in ground-based infrared image sequences. The proposed approach leverages state-of-the-art hierarchical machine learning algorithms (HMLA) for autonomous target detection and activity threat level classification and proven Bayesian peak tracking (BPT) methods for robust tracking through time. The proposal describes our understanding of the problem, proposed solution and Phase I SBIR work tasks in context of the larger problem and Arete related work. A proof-of-concept test is described in which a simple HMLA algorithm implementation demonstrated successful classification of running versus walking subjects in test sequences of multi-frame infrared data.

Signal Innovations Group, Inc.
1009 Slater Rd. Suite 200
Durham, NC 27703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 323-3407
Chris Lunsford
A11-036      Awarded:7/12/2011
Title:Detection, Tracking, and Classification of Dismounts
Abstract:Situational awareness is paramount when conducting operations in potentially hostile terrain. Vehicle operators must focus on multiple tasks simultaneously: navigation, collision avoidance, location of possible IED threats, and identification of dismount threats. Fatigue and distractions affect performance when mission lengths extend over long periods of time. Automated sensor systems offer the opportunity to perform dismount threat monitoring to reduce the surveillance burden of vehicle operators and to maintain a consistent level of performance over time. In particular, video sensor configurations can be employed to monitor 360 degrees around a vehicle. The automation of the video sensors to reliably identify dismount threats and accurately cue the operator to the identified threat in a display is the focus of the proposed program. To accomplish this, automated systems is proposed to detect dismounts in varying environments and dismount densities. Dismounts will be tracked as they move through the camera field of view to cue the operator to the particular dismount of interest. Finally, each dismount will be classified as to their threat level. Threat level in is predefined as having an observable weapon, such as a rifle or a rocket-propelled grenade launcher.

Intrinsix
100 Campus Drive
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 340-2352
Eugene Petilli
A11-037      Awarded:6/17/2011
Title:Real Time Adaptable ROIC for improved Power and Performance Optimization in Imager Systems
Abstract:The primary objective is to provide the concepts and architecture for a real time adaptable ROIC that can be configured dynamically to meet the needs of the application and the real time conditions. Intrinsix will investigate the methods to sense the scene content and to dynamically adjust resolution, frame rate, dynamic range and/or sensitivity as needed to adapt to changing image quality requirements and power consumption needs. The architecture developed would apply to many mobile camera systems including visible, near-IR and short wave IR imaging systems. It will also present a common electrical and physical interface to the larger system. The ROIC design will be scalable in order be used with a variety of array sizes and a range in the pitch of the pixels. Identify Circuit topologies suitable to support programmability for lowering power when warranted by a particular usage mode. Work will build upon efficient topologies used on previous projects. Use Matlab and Simulink to model expected performance. This will be achieved by leveraging: • Intrinsix’s experience with ROICs and A/D converters • Significant R&D expenditures on the use of configurable SDMs. • The serpentine SDM ROIC designed under AF SBIR 093-160

Pacific Microchip Corp.
3916 Sepulveda Blvd. #108
Culver City, CA 90230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 428-3164
Denis Zelenin
A11-037      Awarded:6/3/2011
Title:Real Time Adaptable ROIC for improved Power and Performance Optimization in Imager Systems
Abstract:Remote fielding of Low Light, Near IR and Short Wave IR (N/SW-IR) focal plane arrays (FPAs) requires Readout Integrated Circuits (ROICs) that may dynamically adapt their performance parameters to meet the needs of the situation at the lowest possible power consumption. Pacific Microchip Corp. proposes to design a ROIC capable to accommodate up to 2048 x 2048 pixel, 5 to 25µm pitch FPAs with charge and voltage domain P/N as well as N/P detectors. The proposed ROIC will include a number of dynamically adaptable parameters and features: sampling and frame rate, binning and windowing at pixel level, anti- blooming, bi-directional skimming, dynamic range that will permit the imaging system to self-adjust in order to meet the specific operational needs with the lowest possible level of power consumption. A novel power efficient data serializer will be implemented to simplify data interfacing. A unique ROIC topology will permit combining four focal planes to build a 16M pixel imager panel. During Phase I, a simulation model, the preliminary ROIC’s design and in silico proof of the concept will be provided. Phase II will result in the ROIC’s prototype ready for production on 300mm CMOS wafers and its commercialization in Phase III.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5269
Babak Azimi-Sadjadi
A11-038      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:PINS: Preservation of Information from Non-collaborative Sources
Abstract:Current wireless communication hardware is optimized to receive signals from a single user, and does not have provisions to decode signals from multiple users (both cooperative and non-cooperative) simultaneously. Processing signals from multiple users simultaneously requires development of new hardware, resulting in increased cost and complexity. In order to reduce the cost of implementing multi-user receivers, we propose the idea of modifying existing conventional receiver structures so that it is possible to decode information from multiple sources. This will result in a product that can be easily adopted into current wireless communication systems with little cost overhead.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 242-9800
Kamran Mahbobi
A11-038      Awarded:4/29/2011
Title:Optimized Demodulation Techniques
Abstract:In this SBIR solicitation, the US Air Force is seeking angle modulation receiver techniques which are able to process multiple overlapping signals simultaneously and maintain the information content of each signal. As a solution to the multiple overlapping signal reception, MaXentric is proposing two approaches. Both approaches relies on the idea of enhancing the signal of interest and suppressing other signal. We name them as Signal Enhance Interference Suppress Demodulator (SEISD). The first approaches utilize cyclostationary properties of modulation signals. A frequency shift filtering filter is applied to received signal to enhance the signal of interest and suppress the interference. Conventional demodulation techniques are then performed to extract the signal. The second approach is based on the interference cancellation techniques. The signal is demodulated and subtract from the received signal either in serial or in parallel to reduce the interference to other signals. Both approaches can reuse conventional demodulation techniques. The goal of Phase I will be to determine the feasibility and improvement to link performance offered by each approach.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 748-1825
Amber Fischer
A11-039      Awarded:7/5/2011
Title:Measure and Alert on Data Omitted by Compression (MADOC)
Abstract:Critical information can be lost when lossy compression techniques are used in bandwidth limited environments, such as from unmanned systems. More serious, this lost information is unknown to the analyst, which can lead to incorrect analysis and potentially fatal conclusions. 21st Century Systems, Incorporated proposes to research and develop a technology that will alert data analysts, in real-time, when information in compressed video has information omitted. This technology, MADOC (Measure and Alert on Data Omitted by Compression), would allow the user to view, in near real-time, the information apparently lost during transmission, but available from raw data. The MADOC concept combines a solid understanding of the relationship between the loss of information in compressed imagery and the compression algorithm, an innovative mechanism for objectively alerting the analyst on the current information lost due to compression, and an intelligent user interface that will someday provide an intuitive method for the analyst to request and keep an accurate view in a sub-region or on an object of interest. Our extensive expertise and experience in video analysis, combined with our perfect SBIR commercialization rating, makes 21CSI the company most likely to get this crucial capability into the hands of the warfighter.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Jason D. Hannon
A11-039      Awarded:6/22/2011
Title:Compression Relevant Notification
Abstract:Systems designed to transport and/or store audio and video data rely on compression to improve bandwidth and storage efficiency. Typically, lossless compression is used by the scientific and medical communities where information loss cannot be tolerated and where there are sufficient networking resources to accommodate the resulting low compression ratio. The commercial entertainment industry, on the other hand, typically utilizes lossy compression which removes content considered to be unperceivable to humans and where bandwidth resources demand a premium. Applications are beginning to emerge that require both the fidelity of lossless compression and the bandwidth efficiency of lossy compression. These systems typically rely on bandwidth-limited, radio-based communication links that require the use of lossy compression, yet are unable to tolerate any loss of information. Toyon proposes to address this need by developing a mechanism that takes into consideration the psycho-physical model of the compression algorithm, objective compression metrics, and the detection/classification algorithm being used. With this knowledge, the host system can determine when greater data fidelity may be required and automatically query the sensor for only that minimum raw data set, thereby bridging the performance gap between lossless and lossy compression.

FreEnt Technologies, Inc.
PO Box 5365
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 651-5673
Herbert U. Fluhler
A11-040      Awarded:4/19/2011
Title:Improved Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar Array
Abstract:A New Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) Connected Array with Improved wide band Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC) using newly available magnetic material is proposed to address the need for a very wide band array antenna. The array supports the low end of the band with very little loss because no termination is used in the design. The AMC permits the array to be electrically and physically thin. The upper end of the band is defined only by the spacing of the feed points needed to suppress grating lobes. A matching UWB splitter network is also proposed to feed the array

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Thomas Goodwin
A11-040      Awarded:4/20/2011
Title:Improved Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar Array (1000-183)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies proposes to leverage its experience in the design of broadband, low profile array antennas to develop an ultra wideband (UWB) array to operate from 300 – 3000 MHz for an improved forward looking ground penetrating radar (FLGPR) array. SI2’s proposed UWB array is based on proven technology, and will feature reduced element spacing to eliminate issues associated with aliasing, excellent pattern stability and polarization purity across the entire operating band, and lightweight construction. In Phase I, SI2 will design and fabricate a small scale array to validate the proof-of-concept. In Phase II, SI2 will design and fabricate a large scale prototype to be integrated with FLGPR electronics for system level test and evaluation.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2490
Andrew Duchon
A11-041      Awarded:5/10/2011
Title:(A-TEAMM) Advanced Team Effectiveness through Automated Model-Based Mitigation
Abstract:Groups in network-centric environments are faced with many challenges including distributed collaboration, decen-tralized decision-making, and dynamic changes in team membership. The team literature provides evidence that these challenges impede the development of optimal team states (composed of trust, cohesion, shared mental mod-els, etc.), ultimately influencing a team’s ability to share mission-critical information and successfully execute mis-sions. To provide teams and military leaders with a system that first detects when factors comprising the team’s state, such as lack of Trust, threaten the flow of mission-critical information and then suggests mitigation strategies for improving the team’s state, Aptima proposes A-TEAMM: Advanced Team Effectiveness through Automated Model-based Mitigation. The A-TEAMM system will use local agents to monitor communications and use Aptima’s language processing and network analysis methods to extract communication measures related to a team’s emergent state. These measures will provide inputs to A-TEAMM’s epidemiological models of how emergent team state affects the spread of mission-critical information. Each team will have an agent that monitors its status and alerts leaders if interpersonal dynamics may be inhibiting the flow of information. The team agents will also identify effective strategies for supporting cooperative behavior and steering teams toward better global results.

Protocol Technologies Group, LLC
PO Box 600618
Newtonville, MA 02460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 538-9249
Miles R. Fidelman
A11-041      Awarded:4/29/2011
Title:Information and Decision Dynamics in Network Centric Environments
Abstract:Protocol Technologies Group proposes to transform OPLANS and OPORDS from "dumb" text messages into "Smart Documents" (but distributed across the same messaging networks) – capable of carrying information with them (e.g., maps, imagery), interacting with their surroundings (users and systems), and communicating with other "Smart OPORDS." In the same way that a collection of linked spreadsheets, distributed by email, can form a project tracking or financial reporting system; a "Smart OPORD" can pull information, from multiple sources, onto the same page; and a collection of linked "Smart OPORDS" can provide shared situation awareness and operational coordination among their recipients, getting and keeping a collection of warfighters on the same page.

Concentris Systems LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 238
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 781-2003
Tareq Hoque
A11-042      Awarded:6/3/2011
Title:Feature Detection Architecture for Low Processing Capable Radios
Abstract:Spectrum sensing by far is the most important component for the establishment of cognitive radio. Spectrum sensing is the task of obtaining awareness about the spectrum usage and existence of primary users in a geographical area. Sensing for cognitive radio applications requires high sampling rate, high resolution analog to digital converters (ADCs) with large dynamic range, and high speed signal processors. Concentris will develop and demonstrate a Feature Detection Sensor architecture for embedded military radio applications with significantly improved performance capabilities over existing architectures in terms of decreased power consumption, faster detection time, and reduced processing and memory requirements. A model of the new architecture will be developed to evaluate the performance of the new architecture. These models should be developed such that they can be deployed on a typical radio platform for lab evaluation, such as the Spectrum Signal SDR4000 or the Ettus Research USRP, with final deployment on an existing DSA enabled tactical radio.

ORB Analytics, LLC
5 Hillside Rd
Carlisle, MA 01741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 501-3161
Samuel MacMullan
A11-042      Awarded:5/6/2011
Title:Feature Detection Architecture for Low Processing Capable Radios
Abstract:Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) promises much better communications quality, throughput, and robustness for cognitive radios sharing spectrum with other (e.g., primary) users. Effective DSA radios will identify any “spectrum space” opportunities that can opportunistically be exploited for communications. For purposes of identifying unused spectrum space, it is well known that cyclostationary processing approaches offer an order of magnitude performance advantage compared against conventional approaches such as energy detection. However, cyclostationary methods are seldom used in practice, especially on low-processing capable, software defined radio (SDR) platforms, due to the implementation complexity and high power consumption required using conventional radio designs. ORB Analytics proposes algorithmic and implementation innovations, including a reduced search space cyclostationary processor and ASIC-based FFT accelerator, that can make cyclostationary processing practical even on radios with low size, weight and power (SWaP) such as those envisioned for DSA.

GoofyFoot Labs
5821 Sky Park Dr.
Plano, TX 75093
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-5481
Nisha Checka
A11-043      Awarded:4/20/2011
Title:High Performance/Throughput, Low Latency and Low Power Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) for Software Defined Radio (SDR) and Cognitive Radio (CR)
Abstract:FPGAs have become one of the most popular implementation media for digital circuits on account of their low NRE costs, field programmability, and time to market advantages over ASICs. However, FPGAs' greatest strength -- reconfigurability -- is also the source of their low performance and high power consumption. GoofyFoot Labs proposes the AMP 3D- FPGA, an innovative FPGA architecture, that achieves ASIC-like performance with significantly lower power consumption than conventional FPGA architectures. The AMP 3D- FPGA achieves 1.7-GHz peak performance while simultaneously reducing standby power consumption by 70% and dynamic power consumption by nearly 50% over other 65-nm FPGAs making it suitable for high performance and mobile domains. Additionally, the AMP 3D-FPGA provides added benefit to DoD applications because its innovative architecture improves its anti-tamper properties by making it more resilient to side-channel and fault attacks. In the Phase I program, GoofyFoot Labs will develop the AMP architecture and demonstrate its power and performance improvements.

HierLogix Inc
15220 S Normandie Ave Unit 304
Gardena, CA 90247
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 991-9939
Chengcheng Wang
A11-043      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:Energy-Efficient Hierarchical FPGA and Programming Tools
Abstract:Today’s field-programmable gate array (FPGA) devices are expensive in size, power, performance, scalability and flexibility. The fundamental problem in these devices is the use of 2D-mesh interconnect architecture: it occupies large area, has long latency, consumes lots of power, and is not scalable. Interconnect takes more than 75% of the FPGA chip area. A large number of inactive transistors also produces significant leakage power (about 50% of the total FPGA power). Previous attempts in building hierarchical networks failed due to problems with routing congestion. HierLogix offers to develop a revolutionary FPGA technology consisting of FPGA hardware and supporting mapping tools. The proposed work is a radical departure from 2D-mesh design, which for N logic blocks has complexity O(N2), incomplete and heuristic routing. The proposed technology has only O(N•log2N) complexity, complete and fully deterministic routing. It also has greatly reduced routing congestion compared to prior attempts in hierarchical networks, which makes the approach practical. We will specify architecture of FPGA and develop mapping tools to demonstrate FPGA technology that is 10x more energy- efficient than existing FPGAs.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Angelo Scotty Gilmore
A11-044      Awarded:6/15/2011
Title:Passive Infrared Detection of Liquids on Surfaces
Abstract:Rapid detection of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) in the field can provide critical contamination avoidance and reconnaissance. CWAs pose a serious threat to both civilian and military sectors, and present techniques rely on dangerous collection methods, active measurement through external IR sources, and/or are time-consuming. EPIR proposes to meet this need through the development of a passive standoff hyperspectral long wavelength infrared (LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) with polarimetric capability that will utilize cold sky reflectance and spectroscopy techniques to identify chemical warfare agents quickly, accurately, and in a wide area. Phase I will focus on a proof of concept solution and feasibility study through the development of a cold sky reflectance model and a chemical identification algorithm. Milestones for Phase I include identifying chemical signatures of target contaminants and predicting the detector flux in terms of g/m2 of contaminant. Phase II will focus on prototype system design, construction and characterization. Phase III will focus on field-deployable system manufacturing and packaging.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 748-1709
Edward Knobbe
A11-044      Awarded:3/23/2011
Title:Passive Infrared Detection of Liquids on Surfaces
Abstract:Our goal is to design and build a lightweight, wide area passive standoff imaging detection system capable of rapidly detecting liquids on surfaces for the purpose of contamination avoidance and reconnaissance. The envisioned technology extends the advantages of wide area passive infrared sensing of chemical contaminants to include detection of liquids contaminants on surfaces. During Phase I we will conduct a feasibility study for detection of liquid contaminants on the ground using our passive LWIR hyperspectral imaging spectroradiometer operating over the 8 to 13 µm region. We will explore models for cold sky reflectance onto a contaminated surfaces, and determine the expected differential radiance when a contaminant is placed on surfaces of interest (including painted metal, concrete, grass, and dirt). Our team’s approach is to extend Spectrum Photonics’ passive LWIR hyperspectral imaging technology, currently under development for gas plume detection, to address the need for condensed phase detection applications.

General Sciences, Incorporated
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter Zavitsanos
A11-045      Awarded:5/17/2011
Title:Continuous Dissemination Techniques for Particulate Obscurants
Abstract:The proposed program describes three techniques for generating particulate clouds for obscuration in the visible and infrared for periods extending to 30 seconds. The first technique produces in-situ formation of submicron TiO2 and other (environmentally safe) particles from a low temperature reaction. The second technique provides dissemination of TiO2 particles (and metal flakes) by gas generation from the (low-T less than 300ºC) decomposition of additives which are activated by a proprietary “chemical heater” and an efficient heat transfer network. The third technique is a mechanical apparatus utilizing centrifugal force for the dispersal of the powders interest.

Grainflow Dynamics Inc.
1141 Catalina Drive PMB 270
Livermore, CA 94550
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 447-4293
Otis Walton
A11-045      Awarded:6/8/2011
Title:High-Pressure Gas-Powered Dispersal of Fine Obscuration Particulates
Abstract:This SBIR Phase-1 research project will develop a high-pressure gas-powered aerosol generation system based on dispersing fine particulates from a prepackaged reservoir. Potential improvement in operational stealth capability would be derived from two advantages over the current smoke screen systems. First, by avoiding the use of high temperature combustion reactions, the flame hazards to both personnel and the local environment are eliminated. Second, the use of pre-packaged powders enables the aerosol plume characteristics to be readily engineered via both the design of the dispersing particles and the method of delivery. Control of the particle size, shape, density and index of refraction will enable alteration of the particle settling time and the effective cross-section scattering properties of the aerosol cloud to optimize obscuration at different radiation wavelengths, ex. visible vs. infrared. The dispersal system will leverage the fundamental understanding of fine powder dispersion physics which has been investigated in the field of pulmonary drug delivery over the past 2-decades. Robust, passive flow control methods, such as utilization of choked-flow nozzles for the gas, will ensure reliable performance of the fine dry-powder aerosol dispersal method under a wide variety of field conditions.

Hy-Tek Manufacturing Co. Inc.
1998 Bucktail Lane
Sugar Grove, IL 60554
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 466-7664
John Jude
A11-045      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Powder Fluidization Grenade (PFG) for Particulate Obscurant Dissemination
Abstract:The thrust of Hy-Tek Mfg. Co. Inc.'s PFG concept involves in-canister fluidization of dry PO powder using compressed gas possibly enhanced by mechanical vibration followed by dissemination of the suspended powder from the canister by means of gas entrainment via a venture tube, nozzle or other canister orifice. Suitable fluidization of PO powder will require replenishing a stable suspension of PO powder in a concentration sufficient to continuously and uniformly disseminate PO powder from a Coke can sized canister over a 30 second period. Using previous studies performed by others and in-house ANSYS computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling, HMC will investigate various fluidization techniques, flow regimes and powder packing methods, including those that involve mixtures of large and small particles and glidants.

Creative Resonance Inc.
10326 E. Mark LN
Scottsdale, AZ 85262
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 460-3551
Roberto Capodieci
A11-046      Awarded:5/4/2011
Title:Volume and Weight Reduction Method for Intermediate Moisture Ration Components and Snacks
Abstract:The need to develop an alternative technology to those that dominate the snack food industry has become apparent over the last decade. Quality, nutrition, functionality, health considerations articulated by the consumers coupled to efficiency, low energy requirements, low asset base, small process footprint, etc. highly desired by manufacturers have constantly reinforced this need stimulating few innovative minds. The same expectations raised for the commercially distributed products have been also expressed, with some specific variations on the theme, within the field of combat rations. In this latter regard, portability along with enhanced nutrition, functionality, convenience, palatability and producibility are being considered essential to manufacture shelf stable products that must enable the individual soldier to perform assigned missions and survive battlefield threats even when dispersed in remote locations and under extreme climatic conditions. Ultrasonic Agglomeration is a powerful alternative to the conventional technologies such as bar line, extrusion, oven baking and simple compression since it allows a mixture of low/intermediate moisture ingredients from any of the six groups of the Food Pyramid, to be rapidly agglomerated into a complex tridimensional shape of desirable density, palatability and nutritiousness.

METSS Corporation
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Kenneth J. Heater
A11-047      Awarded:5/4/2011
Title:Individual Soldier, Active Flame Suppression/Avoidance/Barrier System for Head/Face Protection
Abstract:Combat soldiers encounter battlefield threats of fire from various sources such as pool fires and improvised explosive devices (IED). Fire, flame and thermal threats yield burn casualties of varying levels of severity and death. As a consequence, the Army seeks a thermal/flame-activated system or technology capable of providing a protective envelop about the head and face for flame avoidance, providing an insulated flame barrier from flame, or providing a combination of the two. A protection system worn by a soldier to deploy in the event of a thermal threat must be lightweight, have a low profile, be safe, be fast acting, and operate with little or no interference with other soldier activities or functions. The proposed approach by METSS is the development of a self-triggering, thermally activated personal head and face protection system that is based on existing automobile airbag technology and high-speed optic sensor technology. The Phase I proposal addresses the design and integration of the system components, materials selection and basic system demonstration. The proposed approach will adddress all of the requirements of the SBIR program.

5D Robotics, Inc.
2233 Faraday Ave. Suite B
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(208) 520-1848
David Bruemmer
A11-048      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Intelligent Vehicle Behaviors for Explosive Hazard Detection & Neutralization on Narrow Unimproved Routes
Abstract:This project will design a mid-sized unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) system to support soldiers to effectively perform improvised explosive device defeat (IEDD) tasks remotely. IEDD task areas include navigation, hazard sensing, and neutralization. The control system willenable simple and safe UGV navigation through remote rugged terrain while minimizing operator attention demands. The system will include a UGV, perception and hazard sensors, manipulator(s), and operator control unit(s) and interface that address various IED configurations. The system will use the 5D Behavior EngineTM (BE) which enables intelligent instantaneous reactive responses to local environmental, sensor, and other data. It will orchestrate a suite of behaviors enabling simplified vehicle navigation and emulating the best heuristics of human sensor and neutralizer manipulation. Some detection and neutralization tasks that require more control and detailed direction by the human operator will be supported with innovative perception and behaviors. Equally important is the operator control unit and interface, which must not only simplify manipulation but also provide operators with appropriate sensor data that attain high confidence in hazard declarations. Improved human-robot interaction (HRI) is paramount for interface controls, tasking, and data representations and interface interactions will be designed to minimize operator workload and minimize required attentions.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4621
Yoichiro Endo
A11-048      Awarded:5/16/2011
Title:Open-Architecture Agent-Based Intelligent Control Framework for Simulation and Execution of Robotic Counter-IED Operations
Abstract:The fluid nature of the contemporary IED-based warfare necessitates the coalition forces to carry out IED defeat missions in a highly flexible and adaptive manner. To support this need, Intelligent Automation Inc., with collaboration from Black-I Robotics, will utilize its expertise in robotics, sensors, software engineering, mechanical engineering, and counter-IED technology to develop an open-architecture agent-based intelligent control framework that facilitates rapid prototyping and execution of robotic counter-IED operations including standoff detection/neutralization of IED threats as well as simple shared control driving. The key innovation includes a novel software toolset called DCF-CIED. Extended from IAI’s COTS product, Distributed Control Framework (DCF), the JAUS-compliant DCF-CIED provides the military personnel with a universal robotic software framework to rapidly develop a new robot behavior for a new mission specification or a new hardware configuration (e.g., sensors, actuators, robot platforms, etc.). The built-in simulator allows them to perform simulated, mixed-model (virtual and live/hardware in the loop), and live testing of the behavior before actual execution of the mission. As to demonstrate its utility, using this framework, robust counter-IED behaviors for deep insertion missions are going to be developed in this project.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
A11-048      Awarded:6/8/2011
Title:TRIBE(Toolbox for Robots with Intelligent Behavior Engine)
Abstract:Small unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) have provided an invaluable tool to the warfighter by saving lives and supplies while increasing mission effectiveness. As with most emerging technologies, early adopters have been focused on immediate improvements rather than the long term growth or plug and play compatibility. This fact is evidenced by the large number of ad hoc systems being demonstrated to DoD customers. Interoperability and standardization goals have not yet materialized for IED Defeat applications. This research opportunity is a unique chance to create an infrastructure with an emphasis on logical communications between heterogeneous sensors and actuators, rather than a stand-alone toolbox. This infrastructure is the first step towards the standardization of a mission toolset. The proposes toolbox will provide innovations in shared control driving, characterization and neutralization behaviors, and intelligent manipulation control.

ADMA Products, Inc.
1890 Georgetown Rd.
Hudson, OH 44236
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(330) 650-4000
Vladimir S. Moxson
A11-050      Awarded:7/15/2011
Title:Novel Membrane Device for Water Generation from Atmospheric Air
Abstract:The ADMA and PNNL team will pursue this Program with the overall objective of developing a novel membrane device for harvesting of potable water directly from ambient air or other humid gas stream. This new product technology is based on recent inventions made at PNNL about preparation of an ultra thin (<2ìm) water-thirsty zeolite membrane film on a thin (~50ìm) porous metal support sheet. The membrane enables permeation of water molecule only at exceptionally high flux while blocks other molecules and materials so that the water vapor can be selectively removed and compressed from ambient air by a vacuum pump, and condensed into liquid water. The H2O molecule-specific selectivity simplifies the water harvesting process and makes it possible for production of one liter potable water per hour at energy consumption lower than the DoD target of 285W. The metal foil-like membrane and high water permeation flux enable construction of a very compact, module-type harvesting device that can be readily deployed to remote areas and adapted to operation environments. The membrane module size and weight are projected to be less than 1 cu.ft and 5 kg, respectively, for a pilot unit of two gallon per hour productivity from 40% relative humidity area at 70oF

HarmonoLogic LLC
20532 Amie Ave
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 430-3132
Yunping Yang
A11-050      Awarded:8/4/2011
Title:Nanocapillary Atmospheric Water Generation (Nano-AWG) System
Abstract:To address Army need for a novel scalable energy-efficient technology to generate potable water on demand from atmospheric humidity in hot arid environments, HarmonoLogic LLC proposes to develop a Nanocapillary Atmospheric Water Generation (Nano-AWG) system. This system is based on Bio-inspired extremely efficient nanocapillary water condensation and multifunctional TiO2 thin film for water accumulation, purification and collection. Utilizing this nanocapillary effect and switchable wettability of multifunctional nanostructured thin film, the proposed Nano-AWG system is highly energy-efficient (<200 WHPL at 70º F & 40% RH and < 800 WHPL at 35º F & 43% RH with 2 grams of water per kilogram of air), light-weighted, compact, cost-effectiveness (< 20 lb, <20 X 20 X 30 in., and <$200 for a Nano-AWG system with capacity of 2 gallon-per-hour), and capable of operating in all environments. It offers real-time water quantity and quality monitoring and control, fieldability, ruggedness, and turn-key operation, and environment-friendliness. In Phase I HarmonoLogic will demonstrate the feasibility of Nano-AWG technology by fabricating and testing a TRL-4 prototype. In Phase II we plan to refine the technology and fabricate an integrated TRL-5 Nano-AWG prototype.

IntAct Labs LLC
21 South Street
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 307-1755
Patrick Kiely
A11-051      Awarded:8/4/2011
Title:Mobile Bioelectric Filtration System (MBFS): Accelerated Anaerobic Digestion via Bio-Electrochemical Reactions
Abstract:Current United States military contingency operations require more sustainable Forward Operating Bases (FOBs). Major problems for FOBs include the supply of fuel and water and the removal and treatment of wastewater. Microbial Fuel Cells and Bio-electrochemical systems utilize newly discovered electrically active microbes to generate direct electric current and other value-added products while treating wastewater. In this project, IntAct Labs will develop and demonstrate a novel wastewater treatment system known as a Mobile Bioelectric Filtration System (MBFS) which will convert the energy present in wastewater streams into methane, electricity and treated H2O To date most research into bio-electrochemical systems for wastewater treatment has focused on electricity production. This often has the unwanted result of producing biogas. Building on recent National Science Foundation research , the proposed system will utilize bio-electrochemical principals with the explicit goal of enhancing biogas production and treatment rates. The system will comprise of an accelerated anaerobic digester, adapted with internal electrodes and corresponding air-cathodes. This innovation removes feedback inhibition exerted on methanogenic populations by the build-up of fermentative by-products. Electricity generated from this system will contribute to power a downstream membrane bio- filtration system supplying a readily usable water source. Biogas can be forwarded to either a methane fuel cell or combined heat and power engine, thereby producing electricity and providing waste heat for optimizing digester performance.

Process Technology Optimization, Inc.
2801 Long Road
Grand Island, NY 14072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 773-8106
Tilak V. Bommaraju
A11-051      Awarded:7/15/2011
Title:Expeditionary Wastewater Treatment Technologies
Abstract:A novel technology is proposed to remove 85% of BOD and TSS in the gray and black water from Army base camps, to a BOD demand of < 30 mg/l and TSS of < 30 mg/l. This technology utilizes the electrochemically generated species to chemically remove the BOD contributing species. Novel anode compositions and anode structures will constitute the cell, which is modular, and easy to deploy and commission. Optimization tests with gray water and black water from the city waste water treatment plant, coupled with on-site testing, using a cell handling 10-20 l/h, will provide the proof-of-concept for the proposed technology, and the basis for a conceptual design for a skid mounted, 100 gal//h, system suitable for testing and use by Army personnel.

Loc Performance Products, Inc
13505 Haggerty Road
Plymouth, MI 48170
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 927-3844
Chad Darr
A11-052      Awarded:8/11/2011
Title:Loc's Maximum Torque Quick Disconnect (MaxTorQD) Bradley Final Drive
Abstract:Heavy add-on-armor installed on the Bradley Fighting Vehicle has degraded the vehicle’s mobility performance. Vehicle acceleration has declined to 80% of its original capability. To cost effectively modernize the mobility system, the final drive torque capacity must be significantly increased to maintain the current package space. Loc Performance Products, Inc., the Army’s provider of robust, reliable final drives for its tracked fleet, proposes to develop a modernized Bradley Final Drive using its MaxTorQD technology. Loc’s final drive will transmit up to 60% more torque, improve efficiency, reduce weight, and provide the option for a Quick Disconnect function that simplifies towing and maintenance operations. Loc proposes to focus Phase I efforts on quantifying requirements with the platform integrator, assess the feasibility of new promising technologies that include stronger materials and diffusion processing methods, provide a bench top demonstration of its Quick Disconnect technology, and develop 3 or more conceptual approaches for Phase II research. A quantitative method will be used to rank multiple concepts and recommend the approach for Phase II that offers best value for the Bradley platform, technology advancement, and transferability of technology to other Army platforms, the wind industry, and the oil and gas exploration industry.

MACH-T3 Engineering, LLC
1224 Bracebridge Court
Campbell, CA 95008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 628-0674
Richard "Dick" Griffiths
A11-052      Awarded:8/24/2011
Title:Development of High Power Density Final Drive for the Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle
Abstract:MACH-T3 will generate three concepts as described below in sufficient detail for a trade study to be performed. All concepts will meet the mandatory requirement of identical form and fit to the current BFV interface. Gear trains are the most efficient means for power transfer. As such, MACH-T3 will develop three concepts with variations on gear train technology and innovative materials applications and down select to one concept for detailed analysis for prototype preparation The trade study concept analysis will be conducted, using the materials and processes selected as optimal. The power, torque and weight capability will be evaluated along with cost versus weight reduction. The analysis will include the following aspects: • Weight: • Space Claim • Integration Complexity: No change Major components analyzed will be: • Gears, • Bearings, • Shaft, • Housing, • Efficiency.

Concepts ETI, Inc.
217 Billings Farm Road
White River Jct, VT 05001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 280-6173
Louis Larosiliere
A11-053      Awarded:8/25/2011
Title:High Efficiency Fans for Underhood Cooling of Military Vehicles
Abstract:Our preliminary assessment, based on skillful deployment of advanced aerodynamics with considerations for synergistic aerodynamic and functional integration of the electric drive motor and heat exchanger with the fan, establishes the basis for an Total-to-Static eff. of 85+% in the installed performance of the fan module that promise to enhance the Tractive Effort to Gross Vehicle Weight ratio (TE/GVW) of both the PIM and JLTV Army vehicles. The proposed design incorporates advanced 3D aerodynamic features in the fan rotor, enhanced loading capability via aerodynamic close coupling of the rotor with High Resistance Media (HRM) such as heat exchangers, and synergistic integration of electric motor with fan exit guide vanes (EGV) for motor cooling. This integrated EGV/motor will also serve as an HRM which will further augment the diffusion capability of the fan rotor. The Phase I is expected to include conceptual design of the fan module, CFD experiments to develop aerodynamic diffusion enhancing concepts, exploration of a scheme to use the fan EGV as cooling fins for the electric motor, and a detailed aero and aeromechanics design of an initial fan module. A plan for electric motor development and customization by a commercial motor vendor will also be an important part of Phase I.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9920
Edward M. Bennett
A11-053      Awarded:5/17/2011
Title:High Efficiency Fans for Underhood Cooling of Military Vehicles
Abstract:Mechanical Solutions, Incorporated (MSI) proposes to use a series of proven aerodynamic and aero-acoustic optimization techniques coupled to the latest Computer Aided Engineering (CAE), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) software to evaluate advanced underhood engine fan cooling concepts. Additional design and optimization work will form the basis for down-selecting to preferred fan arrangements that analytically demonstrate meeting efficiency, flow, pressure, and other requirements within geometric and other constraints. The focus is on fan designs for the Paladin Integrated Management (PIM) vehicle and the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) Variant C. The design optimization techniques and Phase II prototype testing will produce a fan design that achieves a minimum of 85% static efficiency, that is, supplies the desired static pressure rise and volume flow while minimizing work input. There is synergy between the proposed effort and a current Phase II SBIR contract awarded to MSI by the Marine Corp Systems Command. MSI is currently in Month 6 of a 24 month project entitled “Low Noise Axial Fan Optimization for the Marine Corps Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV)”. The Phase II SBIR deliverable to Marine Corp Systems Command is a high efficiency/low noise fan retrofit kit for the EFV.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Peter Krueger
A11-054      Awarded:5/17/2011
Title:Direct Optical Modulation of HVDC on an RF Transmission Line
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation proposes to develop a system design for a self-contained missile launchable RF Generator based on a frozen wave transmission line technique. The RF transmission line will be charged through an optically activated switch fabricate from silicon carbide. A high energy pulsed laser with an electronic timing control will connect to the switch via an optical fiber. A high voltage series resonant DC supply will provide the charge for the transmission line. Battery power will be used as the prime power supply for the laser and DC source.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Guanghai Jin
A11-054      Awarded:5/16/2011
Title:Compact and Shock Resistant Photoconductive Switch
Abstract:Wide bandgap semi-insulating semiconductors with extrinsic levels of carriers have been used to successfully demonstrate the feasibility of high performance photoconductive switches by benefiting high critical field strength and high-saturated electron mobility. However, further developments of photoconductive switch and the pulse laser are necessary for launchable RF module. Leveraging on our extensive experiences in high power fiber optics, EO and semiconductor processing, Agiltron proposes to develop the compact high- voltage switching module integrated with all-fiber pulse laser triggering source based on wide bandgap semi-insulating material. This switch module will be designed to have high shock resistance, and integrate-able in RF transmission line for forming high power self- contained RF module. In Phase I, the comprehensive investigations will be performed to design the photoconductive switch and all-fiber pulse laser source with great saving in size and weight as well as power consumption, which will be integrated with the prototype of transmission line in Phase II. The basic fiber optic high voltage switch will be evaluated in lab. Based on success in Phase I, we will prototype a self-contained RF module in Phase II.

Polarix Corporation
10675 Sorrento Valley Road Suite 100A
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 901-5340
Oved Zucker
A11-054      Awarded:5/20/2011
Title:Advanced High Voltage Optical Switches for Launchable Compact RF Warheads
Abstract:We propose to develop a modular HPM system utilizing multi-cycle EM generation with photo-conductive switches. Each module will include all its related components with their unique requirements to allow simple stacking of modules to address a variety of applications. The modules will also include an LDH based HPM source (pat xxx), a switching power supply charging circuit and a laser amplifier. This SBIR proposal will address; i) modular design; ii) the dedicated charging circuit; and iii) the laser amplifier. The challenge is defined by the picoseconds range laser pulse width and jitter requirements, as well as the coherent operation and steering of the resulting HPM beam.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Douglas Haanpaa
A11-055      Awarded:5/25/2011
Title:Weapon Orientation Sensor for Simulated Tactical Engagement Training
Abstract:Weapon orientation systems work in a Line-of-Site (LOS) manner using a Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System (MILES). The Army is seeking a non-LOS solution for long range weapon orientation. High end Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) provide the required accuracy for this functionality but, are unsuitable because of their size, power draw, and cost. The Army is requesting a low cost IMU that is capable of determining absolute heading with no calibration procedures. Additionally, it must be able to mount to a soldier’s weapon and be ultra low power. Cybernet Systems Corporation is proposing a solution to non-LOS weapon orientation problem using a self calibrating sensor that is based on our current Inertial Measurement and Magnetometer Module (I3M). It will collect accelerometer, gyroscope, and magnetometer data in pitch, roll, and yaw and will use known constant inertial movements to continuously keep the device calibrated.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8772
Ying Hsu
A11-055      Awarded:6/1/2011
Title:Ground Tracking Orientation Sensor (GTOS)
Abstract:ISC proposes development of a laser-based sensor for applications in measuring position and orientation of soldier weapons systems. The proposed sensor concept is designed to continuously track movement of the weapon in six degree of freedom. A preliminary analysis shows that a miniature sensor (including battery) can be packaged in a volume of 1 inch wide by inch high by 4 inches long. Modeling of the miniature laser system showed the proposed sensor is capable of achieving mm range resolution and sub mili-radian angular resolution when the distances between the sensor and ground is 1 meter of less. Innovative approaches in laser receiver design and signal processing algorithms provides the key elements required to achieve the desired performance in a small, lightweight sensor package and low unit cost. In the Phase I, ISC proposes to develop the GTOS baseline design configuration, signal processing approach and receiver focal plane array architecture. A proposed Phase I Option will develop the sensor readout IC (ROIC) unit cell circuit design.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Edward J. Salley
A11-056      Awarded:5/26/2011
Title:Freeze Casted Composite Ferroelectric Materials for Compact Single Shot Power Supplies
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a ceramic/polymer ferroelectric composite material for use as a single shot power supply. This structure is expected to provide an enhanced piezoelectric voltage coefficient, high ceramic fill factor, easy poling, and improved mechanical strength. PSI will form this composite material using a freeze casting process that is economical and will allow for micro-structural design to optimize both mechanical and electrical properties. Both PZT and BiFeO3 will be examined for the ceramic phase while PVDF and Nylon will be evaluated for the polymeric phase. The Phase 1 effort will fabricate a 40mm device structure that is capable of delivering 30kV to a capacitive load. Texas Tech University will perform explosive testing of the device. The Phase 1 Option will examine various microstructural designs and their effects on the proposed device characteristics. The Phase 2 effort will produce a single shot supply capable of delivering a minimum of 100kV and provide a method for periodic monitoring the polarization of the device

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Edward F. Alberta
A11-056      Awarded:5/19/2011
Title:Poled Films for Compact Single Shot Power Supplies
Abstract:TRS Technologies has developed high energy density materials and components for Ferroelectric Generators (FEGs). Our technology is based on advanced materials and processing resulting in high quality ferroelectrics with high mechanical and electrical strength. For this program, we will use these advantages to develop compact FEG components based on thin mulit-layer capacitor designs employing high voltage electrode designs to demonstrate devices capable of generating 20-30kV in Phase I and >100kV in Phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin M. Aye
A11-057      Awarded:5/26/2011
Title:Lightweight Inter-Nanosatellite Communications System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for novel nanosatellite laser communication systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Lightweight Inter-Nanosatellite Communications (LINC) system. This system is based on unique integration of a new optical tracking scheme, with a compact common optical antenna for transmitter and receiver, and novel implementation of smart computer-on-module technology. The innovation in using MEMS mirrors and lightweight telescopes for pointing and tracking will enable the system to achieve extremely low-volume (<431 cm^3), low-mass (<0.5 kg), low-power budget (~8 W), high intersatellite communication rates >2 Gbps, low bit-error-rate < 10^-6, and highly accurate tracking to communicate with fore and aft satellites based on a 3-kg SMDC- ONE nanosatellite in a simple 10-20 satellite ring constellation, which directly address the SMDC Responsive Space program requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate LINC feasibility by conducting technical analysis and simulation and initial small-scale proof-of- concept prototype testing. In Phase II, POC plans to further refine the design and develop a reliable, launch-ready system integrated into a nanosatellite bus for initial testing and potential transition to a complete nanosatellite laser communication system.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
Jim Coward
A11-057      Awarded:6/8/2011
Title:Lightweight Nanosatellite Constellation Communications System
Abstract:SA Photonics is pleased to submit a Phase I proposal for the development of the Skylight lasercom system for nanosatellites. The system leverages our work and technology from our programs for satellite, UAV, and even underwater lasercom systems and for spaced base LIDAR and missile based LADAR programs. The system will transmit at speeds of 2.5 Gb/s for distances extending several thousand miles in a lightweight small form factor.

Aerius Photonics, LLC.
2223 Eastman Ave., Suite B
Ventura, CA 93003
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 642-4645
Jon Geske
A11-058      Awarded:5/20/2011
Title:High-Power Vertical-Cavity Laser Pump Arrays for Tm Fiber Lasers
Abstract:A 79x nm fiber laser pump module is proposed based on Aerius Photonics’ high power vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). Designs and process steps are defined for successful development of 79x nm devices, specifically for the design of a 2D array that is to be coupled into a high brightness fiber.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Jean F Seurin
A11-058      Awarded:6/14/2011
Title:Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser (VCSEL) pumps for High Energy Erbium or Thulium Fiber Lasers
Abstract:Army is very interested in developing reduced eye hazard fiber lasers based on high power VCSEL pumps. Development of high power VCSEL pump array for pumping an Erbium or Thulium fiber laser would be an important objective for the Army for the development of efficient, high power, compact and cost effective fiber lasers at the eye safe wavelengths. Princeton Optronics has developed high power VCSEL arrays delivering hundreds of watts of power from small arrays and has developed moderate power high brightness arrays for fiber laser pumping. The technology is in a position so that in this SBIR it can be developed as the technology of choice for high power fiber laser pumping because of its potential very high brightness, lower cost, higher reliability and higher temperature of operation without chillers. We propose to develop the VCSEL pump technology at 976nm with a new approach to improvement of efficiency and a new approach to packaging. In phase I, we would do simulations and experiments validating the technology and will implement the technology in phase II.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Nate Selden
A11-059      Awarded:5/25/2011
Title:Hybrid Variable Velocity Electric Gun
Abstract:Tanner Research will develop and demonstrate a prototype electric gun utilizing water as a working fluid. The baseline hybrid electric gun will be adapted from a compact high energy kinetic plasma generation technology available at Tanner, modified for the larger projectile velocity requirements of the solicitation. Specifically, the R&D work will focus on accelerating a ~2gram projectile mass to 1000fps. In Phase I, Tanner Research will demonstrate that the consistent and repeatable performance of Tanner’s proprietary technology can be scaled up for use at higher stored energies. Performance of the prototype will be compared to the current state-of-the-art, where useful performance trends have already been developed. Design optimizations will be identified for the Phase II prototype, along with COTS integration strategies to realize the needed size, weight, power, electrical energy storage and operational range requirements.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Doyle Motes
A11-059      Awarded:5/25/2011
Title:Hybrid Variable Velocity Electric Gun
Abstract:The deployment of the C-RAM weapon system has increased the desire of the Army to have the ability to “dial in” a velocity to guns to respond to a wider range of scenarios. Responding to this request, TRI/Austin proposes designing, fabricating, and testing an electro-thermal launcher for a feasibility test-bed for larger caliber launchers that will evolve into a replacement/upgrade for the C-RAM. TRI/Austin will team with the Institute for Advanced Technology at the University of Texas at Austin, which houses a world class pulsed power facility and gun range for testing of prototype design. Projectiles of electrically conductive and non-conductive materials will be tested at velocities similar to a .22 caliber bullet and a demonstration of variable velocity will be performed. Research will also be conducted into the potential for transforming a next-generation launcher into an electro- thermal chemical launcher using a combustible fuel in tandem with a current pulse to replace the powder charges presently in bullets. This research has the potential to affect a reduction in the supply chain (through the removal of propellant) and serve as a template to permit exploration of portions of the Army arsenal to be converted to a variable velocity system.

Colorado Engineering Inc.
1310 United Heights Suite 105
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Lawrence Scally
A11-060      Awarded:6/1/2011
Title:Wideband, Adaptable, Modular, Scalable Digital Receiver Exciter (WAMS-DREX)
Abstract:Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI), with its teammates the University of Colorado (CU) and Lockheed Martin, proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, mixed signal board design, and radar signal processing to research, identify, and develop methods of implementing radar subsystems that will perform as many functions as possible in the digital domain. The findings will facilitate Wideband, Adaptable, Modular, Scalable Digital Receiver Exciter (WAMS-DREX) technology enabling leading-edge radar capabilities and performance. Advanced radars often employ highly digitized sub-arrayed digital beamforming (DBF) architectures and Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) radar technology. Both approaches require tight calibration and coherency across channels to achieve their full benefit, and analog components in the transmit and receive chains lead to additional noise and errors due to performance drifts over time and temperature. The problem becomes more challenging when wideband waveforms are considered. The team has decades of hands-on design and integration experience with a variety of radar systems and associated hardware, software, and signal processing algorithms. Under this proposed program, the team will research and develop techniques to move the digitization function closer to the antenna. The proposed effort will also employ scalable, modular receiver/exciter technology as a test bed and deployment platform.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Eddie Ng
A11-060      Awarded:5/23/2011
Title:All-Digital Radar Analog-to-Digital Converter
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for development of an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) of signals of several gigahertz bandwidths for improved radar range and Doppler performance, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new All-Digital Radar Analog- to-Digital (ADRAD) Converter. This proposed converter is based on unique phase control for cascaded time-interleaved ADCs. The innovative use of an electro-optical phase control timing distribution bus enables the ADRAD converter to achieve extremely high bandwidth signal processing with 10-GHz bandwidth along with an 8-bit analog dynamic range/resolution so that it can be incorporated into all-digital radar immediately after a low- noise amplifier. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the ADRAD converter by assessing various methods of AD conversion, constructing a working model of the ADRAD converter, and comparing the proposed concept with current methods. Also in Phase I, contact with a radar manufacturer will be established for future joint development. In Phase II, POC plans to demonstrate the ADRAD converter prototype with 4-GHz bandwidth and 8-bit resolution; characterize its performance by measuring noise, resolution, and linearity; and show how it will perform in a real radar system interacting with the radar manufacturer.

Creative Engineering Solutions Inc.
11196 N. Cardinal Drive
Parker, CO 80138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 257-7888
Jim Michael
A11-061      Awarded:7/28/2011
Title:Innovative Appliqué Attachment Methods for Army Vehicles
Abstract:Creative Engineering Solutions, in collaboration with QinetiQ North America and its LAST armor solution, proposes to develop a switchable magnetic core element (SMCE) attachment system that breaks the traditional tradeoff of detachment time, isolation, pull strength, and weight which has been the limiting factor for all such state-of-the-art systems. Our novel system decreases attachment/detachment time of SoA by an order of magnitude without reducing isolation distance, and can adapt to adding weight to current configurations. We propose to develop, demonstrate and evaluate different design concepts: SMCE, SMCE arrays, LAST appliqués, bayonet mount, and a combination of Velcro and SMCEs. Our team uniquely combines many years of experience in fielding light-armored systems with novel knowledge fielding magnetic products, in order to create fast implementation of the proposed system and benefit both legacy and Future Combat vehicles. The SMCE system will consist of: a clamshell-hold appliqué, offering damping ballistic resistance; SMCE unit for detaching/attaching without tools; a tailorable receiver base for pull load, up to 600 lbs for a single contact; and an attachment 2' x 2' aluminum frame. The new attachment methods and armor system will be applicable not only to FCV but also to selected civilian applications.

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang Lee
A11-061      Awarded:7/15/2011
Title:Snap-Assisted Stackable Hardened Applique Fastener System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for innovative methods of attaching applique armor packages to Combat Vehicle Structures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Snap-Assisted Stackable Hardened Applique fastener system (SASHA). This proposed attachment system is based on POC’s proven, patented line of ruggedized, military field connectors, which can be integrated as part of virtually any structural member (i.e., metallic, composite-based, etc.). SASHA’s integral snap fastener allows Army personnel to quickly and easily (un)mount applique armor to/from a vehicle’s outer structure during vehicle repair or maintenance operations under all weather conditions. As a result, this proposed applique attachment system offers the capability for rapid, tool-less vehicle armor reconfiguration, including daisy-chaining, to ensure effective combat and maintenance operations, which directly addresses the PEO Combat Support & Combat Service Support requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of four to six SASHA design variants via finite element analysis simulation and testing of fabricated proof-of-concept SASHA applique fastener prototypes. In Phase II, POC plans to integrate the system on a HUMVEE and validate two of the Phase I designs under a variety of tests including structural, environmental, and ballistic.

Global Embedded Technologies, Inc.
23900 Freeway Park Drive
Farmington Hills, MI 48335
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 888-9696
David Mulligan
A11-062      Awarded:6/30/2011
Title:Power Control Solution for Electrical System Improvements
Abstract:The U.S. Army is seeking ways to improve mission capability of small Autonomous Unmanned Ground Systems (AUGS) power systems. The challenges with AUGS stem from proprietary nature of information and control of vehicle platforms. The proprietary information is important for robot manufacturers because of investments that are made to develop technology advantages over competition in their base robotic platforms. But this limits “mission specific” configuration capability, complicates the integration and optimization of new technologies onto base platforms, and reduces potential product sales. This SBIR will define, design, develop, implement, and demonstrate an intelligent power control solution to improve system efficiency, provide management of application specific devices, and enable integration and interaction with base robot vehicle platforms.

M Cubed Technologies, Inc.
35 Corporate Drive, Suite 1110
Trumbull, CT 06611
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 454-8600
Michael K. Aghajanian
A11-063      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:High-Strength, Lightweight Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) Material for Bridge Applications
Abstract: The Army is in need of an improved material for use in bridge structures. Key requirements are reduced weight relative to current metallic structures (steel and aluminum), high strength, resistance to catastrophic failure, attractive cost, and resistance to environmental factors (weather, corrosion, erosion, extreme temperatures, UV, etc.). To meet this need, the use of macro-composite structures of Al/SiC MMC and steel are proposed. The structures could consist of Al/SiC reinforced with steel (e.g., rebar), or hollow steel structures filled with Al/SiC. Such a product will possess the low weight, high specific stiffness and strength, and excellent corrosion resistance of Al/SiC; together with the resistance to catastrophic failure (i.e., high strain to failure) of steel. A key processing advantage of this system is the ability to match the thermal expansion properties of Al/SiC to steel (by selecting proper Al:SiC ratio), which allows the fabrication of large structural elements without residual stress. A five task Phase I program is proposed, namely (1) design of macro-composite structural elements, (2) finite element analysis of the designs, (3) manufacturing trials, (4) mechanical testing to generate stress-strain behavior and assess failure mode, and (5) development of a cost model.

Materials Sciences Corporation
135 Rock Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Theodore Campbell
A11-063      Awarded:7/1/2011
Title:High-Strength, Lightweight Material for a Bridge Applications (MSC P4007)
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to review and develop a new material system for military bridge application. This material system is optimized to meet all of the Army’s desired requirements including specific stiffness, specific strength, durability, fatigue, wear, and environmental degradation. The material system builds upon our learned experience of developing advanced composite infantry, assault, and support military bridging technology demonstrators for DARPA, the U.S. Army, and ONR, where it was shown that a 15-20% weight saving could be realized along with improved performance (higher military load classification (MLC) rating). The proposed material system is a composite based system composed of high-strength fibers, a toughened epoxy resin, lightweight thinner core, and a more durable wear surface. With all of these improvements, this new material system will result in a next generation of military bridging that is significantly (25-30%) lighter than existing metallic military bridging. Furthermore, this new material system can be adapted to the development of a light-weight man-portable (backpack carry) combination bridging for infantry and light-weight (low MLC) vehicles.

NEI Corporation
400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 868-3141
Daniel Eberly
A11-063      Awarded:9/25/2011
Title:Multiscale Fiber Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposite for Wide-span Field Assembled Bridges
Abstract:There is an unmet need in the US Army for wide-span bridges that can be deployed in the field. This requires lightweight materials and tool-kit designs for easy and quick installation. The materials must possess enhanced load-bearing capacity, improved weather resistance, and longer service lives than conventional materials. In this Phase I program, we propose to demonstrate the feasibility of a fiber-reinforced composite with new and novel fiber and polymer morphologies. The multiscale-composite material is expected to fulfill the materials properties requirements for wide-span bridge applications, particularly strength and durability. These new materials, coupled with advances in modular construction designs, will provide the Army with a lightweight, durable, and long-lasting alternative to traditional materials, while facilitating in-field deployment. The program is a collaborative effort with a University Center that has successfully designed and implemented Army bridge materials. A key aspect of the proposed program is that it utilizes innovative materials and processing technologies to allow for novel and unique lightweight, strong, and durable composites. The Phase II program will build upon the Phase I demonstration effort by implementing the technology in actual bridge designs and bridge kits for the US Army.

Baker Engineering Inc.
17165 Power Dr.
Nunica, MI 49448
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(616) 837-8975
Jack Jerovsek
A11-064      Awarded:8/3/2011
Title:Advanced Rotary Diesel Engine Fuel Injection System for Unmanned and Manned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Baker Engineering Inc. (BEI) proposes the use of a new heavy fuel Micro Injection System, paired with the R351 Rotary Engine, to exceed the specifications of this SBIR solicitation. BEI is uniquely qualified for this program as the company is currently developing a heavy fuel Micro Injection System for small engine applications, performs Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) analysis in-house, and has rotary engine experience including a current program to convert a gasoline powered rotary engine to heavy fuel operation. The system proposed for this effort is a new high pressure heavy fuel Micro Fuel Injection System which includes a Micro Injector (TRL 7), Micro Pump (TRL 5) and a small electronic controller that have already demonstrated strong potential through bench testing (performance and durability) and on-engine testing. To support Micro Injection System development, BEI has developed and utilizes CFD simulation platforms for both Micro Fuel Injector Design Evaluation and Rotary Engine Evaluation. BEI proposes utilization of the new R351 Rotary Engine (350cc), under development by L-3 Combat Propulsion Systems, for this SBIR program.

Exergy Engineering
4936 Kendrick Steet SE
Grand Rapids, MI 49512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(616) 977-3766
Mike Smith
A11-064      Awarded:6/21/2011
Title:Advanced Rotary Diesel Engine Fuel Injection System for Unmanned and Manned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:A new fuel injector concept is proposed to accomodate the unique combustion chamber inherent to a rotary engine.

L.K. Industries, Inc.
9731 Center Street
Glenwood, NY 14069
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 941-9202
Lawrence Krzeminski
A11-064      Awarded:6/17/2011
Title:Advanced Rotary Diesel Engine Fuel Injection System for Unmanned and Manned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:This proposal consists of developing and demonstrating an advanced, high pressure, fuel injection system for the rotary engine for aerospace and/or ground application. The intent is to develop an advanced fuel injection system so that the rotary engine can run on heavy fuel (diesel, DF-2 or JP-8). We will investigate the use of piezo-actuators due to their response time and hence their precision metering capabilities, especially at high pressures. A better understanding of fuel injection and rotary engine combustion physics will be obtained through CFD modeling. We will investigate the type of spray needed to achieve a sufficient fuel distribution along the rotor’s flank. We plan on investigating a stratified charge in which we will investigate the effects of narrow spray cone penetration based on orifice size, number of orifices, spray angles, injector locations and injection velocities (pressures). Tests will be conducted at Wright State University to obtain the injectors spray pattern, droplet size, and distribution based on the applied voltage so that we can tailor the injection(s) to meet CFD guidance and bench test a piezoelectric fuel injector capable of quick response and multiple injections per event.

Sturman Industries, Inc.
One Innovation Way
Woodland Park, CO 80863
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 686-6064
Daniel Giordano
A11-064      Awarded:6/17/2011
Title:Advanced Rotary Diesel Engine Fuel Injection System for Unmanned and Manned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:The Army is in need of a heavy fuel rotary engine with rated power between 10 and 80 HP that is compatible with both JP-8 and DF-23 and has a high power to weight ratio. Since it is difficult to adapt light-duty, automotive diesel piston engines for these applications, considerable development has been pursued on heavy fuel, rotary diesel engines. Currently many of the engines rely on existing automotive style fuel injection hardware that has not been designed for use in these high speed rotary applications. This project will develop a flexible, high pressure fuel injection system to meet the desired requirements. The work will focus on improving the injection spray characteristics and designing a fuel system to meet the size and weight constraints of these applications.

Amsen Technologies LLC
1684 South Research Loop Suite 518
Tucson, AZ 85710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 546-6944
Hongxing Hu
A11-065      Awarded:6/20/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Battery Separators with High Temperature Stability
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to develop a lithium ion battery separator with high temperature stability by modification on the surface of the microporous PP separator via a unique chemistry. The feasibility of the proposed approach is founded on Amsen¡¯s existing capabilities as well as findings of preliminary experiments conducted specifically for this project. Results of the preliminary experiments indicate that the process is highly feasible to make the desired separator. The process will be further developed in Phase I. Then the Phase I effort will be focused on evaluation of relevant properties and performance of the new separator.

Optodot Corporation
2 Kingsbury Ave
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 393-1987
Steve Carlson
A11-065      Awarded:7/15/2011
Title:Lithium Ion Battery Separator with High Temperature Stability
Abstract:A separator involving composite materials is provided that meets the lithium ion battery requirements for separators with high temperature stability at 220C and above and with mechanical strength and flexibility. The heat stable properties are obtained from using aluminum oxide particles at over 75% by weight that prevent any shrinkage of the composite separator. The mechanical strength without any brittleness is obtained from using a strong and flexible polymer with excellent lithium ion battery compatibility. The resulting composite separator exceeds the tensile strength requirements while providing a high porosity and electrolyte conductivity that is suitable for the high battery cycling rates of lithium ion batteries for vehicles. An inherently low cost manufacturing process of coating the composite separator on a reuseable release substrate followed by delamination is used to make the free-standing composite separator at the desired thickness. This composite separator can be incorporated into lithium ion batteries using existing manufacturing processes as a direct “drop-in” replacement for the current plastic separators that shrink greatly starting at 120C. This heat-resistant composite separator is generic for use with various electrolyte and electrode materials for safer, lower cost, and higher performing lithium ion batteries for vehicles and other applications.

Yardney Technical Products, Inc.
82 Mechanic Street
Pawcatuck, CT 06379
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 599-1100
Joseph Gnanaraj
A11-065      Awarded:8/8/2011
Title:Lithium ion battery separator development
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop low cost composite microporous polyethylene based separator with oxidation-resistant and high permeability. Manufactured separators will be characterized for its physical, mechanical, electrochemical properties, performance, wettability, thickness, porosity. The new separators will be studied in lithium ion cells, optimized and qualified for better characteristics. The improved thermal stability and mechanical strength of the new composite separator will improve the safety, performance, and extend the life of the Li-ion battery to suit Army’s tactical military vehicle power requirement

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 768-2629
Hai Lin
A11-066      Awarded:7/26/2011
Title:Dual Optical Dust Sensor for Engine Protection and Early Warning
Abstract:This proposal will develop a miniature, rugged complementary dual optical dust sensor (DODS) for continuous detection and monitoring at multiple engine locations at moderate temperature (to 400 F) and high flow (to 10,000 SCFM). In situ detection of dusts and particulates is critical for maintaining the health and effectiveness of military vehicles operating in high dust and sand environments for extended periods. Lack of detection leads to premature wear, increased maintenance time, cost and failure of engine components. DODS will have the sensitivity and dynamic range to detect a single 1 micron dust particle up to 100,000 particles per cubic foot or more, and will quantify particle size distributions between 1 and 200 microns to help diagnose root causes for dust ingestion (air filter failure or engine seal failure). The sensor may be mounted flush or inline in multiple engine locations and environments. In Phase I, a breadboard sensor will be designed and characterized to refine the sensor performance, placement and packaging requirements. In Phase II, a prototype dual optical sensor will be built, integrated in an engine test bed and tested in a simulated operational environment at TRL 5 and ready for operational assessment.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 996-9054
Michael White
A11-066      Awarded:7/20/2011
Title:Low Cost Embedded Dust Detector (EDD) for M1 Abrams/Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV)
Abstract:The AGT-1500 turbine engine is the basis of the M1 Abrams tank power-plant. A low-cost embedded dust detector (EDD) that could be integrated into the AGT-1500 would provide value to the M1's standard sensor equipment by reducing engine damage and improving operational readiness. However, the cost and effort of any significant addition requiring new wiring routes would rapidly eclipse the sensor cost and possibly outweigh resulting maintenance benefits. Therefore, TA proposes its "TED" sensor that combines a thorough understanding of the current state of COTS dust sensors and customized sediment signal analysis algorithms with an application-specific embedded processing and communications architecture suitable for the M1. The TED sensor requires minimal or no change to the wire harnessing on the M1 power-plant. TA's smart sensor architecture enables rapid conversion of COTS hardware for operation aboard the AGT-1500. TA's founders are among very few EDD developers who have proven ASTM-verified, gravimetric-equivalent test dust monitoring under Mil-Spec shock, vibration, temperature, and similar conditions. For the proposed effort, TA has formed a team with Honeywell's Propulsion group in Phoenix, Arizona and SWRI's Marty Treuhaft for performance testing expertise to enable rapid demonstration of an EDD applicable to installation aboard the M1.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-6500
Yuanxin Shou
A11-067      Awarded:7/20/2011
Title:Measuring Fuel Quantity in Collapsible Fabric Storage Tanks
Abstract:Leveraging on Agiltron’s extensive experience in fiber sensor development, we propose to develop a customized sensing system with the ability to measure fuel quantity in a collapsible tank. Based primarily on mature technologies and commercially available components, the proposed sensor system is simple in construction and ready to be implemented. In Phase I, a small scale sensor will be built for demonstrating and evaluation. The full sensor including the hardware and software meeting all the specifications will be built and delivered in Phase II.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5229
Eric van Doorn
A11-067      Awarded:6/20/2011
Title:Hybrid Optic & Microwave Mass Gauging for Collapsible Tank
Abstract:Collapsible fabric fuel tanks have been widely deployed in battlefield due to its merits; such tanks are foldable, transportable, rapid-deployable, require minimal site preparation, and are lightweight. Most of the collapsible tanks are made of highly durable fabrics which can survive most extreme conditions. However, the downside of the collapsible tank is the difficulty of accurately quantifying the remaining fuel because of its non-rigid geometry, hindering the Defense Energy Support Center (DESC) to meet the goal of 1% accuracy in Fuels Manager Defense (FMD) inventory. Although various approaches have been tried by DESC in past years, none are capable of meeting the 1% accuracy requirement. IAI proposes to develop a hybrid optical & microwave mass gauging system for collapsible tanks. The system would use optical technology to reconstruct the 3D geometry of the tank and use microwave technology to retrieve the ground profile underneath the tank. Thus, fuel volume can be accurately determined as well as the exact tank shape, regardless of factors such as temperature, tank relaxation and uneven ground surface.

D-Star Engineering Corporation
4 Armstrong Road
Shelton, CT 06484
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 724-0651
S. Paul Dev
A11-068      Awarded:7/11/2011
Title:Small Diesel Engine for Modular Power
Abstract:The project aims to engage in design, modeling and simulation of a heavy fuel engine that meets the specific needs of the Army (300 – 500 Watts of rated mechanical power). Phase 1 tasks include definition of an engine that can meet the power needs, parametric design of the engine, engine modeling, variational performance analysis & optimization, prediction of engine performance, optimization of the size and design of the engine, reporting and planning for a potential Phase 2. A Phase 1 Option will engage in experimental validation of critical technologies.

JM Harwood, LLC
3054 Leeman Ferry Rd, Suite D
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-0086
Michael Harwood
A11-068      Awarded:7/11/2011
Title:370W Very Small Heavy Fuel Engine
Abstract:JM Harwood, LLC, proposes the development of a 370W (0.5 hp) small heavy fuel engine. The 6 cubic centimeter (cc) compression ignition, direct fuel injected, 2-stroke will leverage on-going work on a very small heavy fuel (VSHF) combustion test bed funded by the Army Research Laboratory (ARL). The proposed effort will also leverage on-going development efforts on the Very Small Injection Technology (V-SInTech) Direct Fuel Injection (DFI) system. The base engine will weigh less than 1 pounds (lbs) and fit within a 3.5-inch x 2 inch x 2 inch envelop. It will operate on both JP-8 and DF-2.

---------- NAVY ----------

233 Phase I Selections from the 11.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
410 Jan Davis Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Milan Buncick
N111-001      Awarded:9/26/2011
Title:Active Laser Protection System
Abstract:Rugged and compact laser systems operating in the visible and infrared spectrum with output powers sufficient to damage the eye are becoming increasingly more accessible. In addition, ultra-short (femtosecond) laser systems with peak powers in the terawatts are now commercially available. Laser eye protection (LEP) for a wide range of laser wavelengths and pulse duration is important. Passive devices in which protection is activated by the incoming radiation is considered one of the best approaches to counter frequency agile and short pulse laser threats. There is considerable interest in the application of the nonlinear optical properties of materials for optical limiting. An ideal optical limiter will have high transmittance for low energy laser light and block energies above a threshold to clamp the output at some constant energy value. An ideal optical limiter will have a rapid, broadband response (picoseconds and e.g. the visible spectrum), and a large dynamic range. We propose to build optical limiters from metal-dielectric thin-film stacks using the nonlinear properties of metals and/or semiconductors. These stacks are usually very thin (microns) and built using standard thin-film equipment on common substrates. They can be integrated into optical systems with very little modification of the system optics.

Boston Applied Technologies, Inc.
6F Gill Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-2800
Jingwen Zhang
N111-001      Awarded:9/17/2011
Title:Laser protection system with thermally fixed hidden gratings
Abstract:This project aims at developing a non focal plane laser protection system consisted of single crystal plates with hidden phase gratings, which can be revealed with exposure to strong laser pulse, and a novel optical shutter based device that follows. The protection system is large in aperture, broad in transparent window (400 nm to 2000 nm) and in field of view, and wavelength-insensitive. The protection system is capable of changing from a high transmission state (60%) to a very low transmission state (35 ¨C 40 dB) to block light pulse within short time scale (subnanosecond). Combining phase gratings and charge compensation technique, the unique protection system has ample transmission of ambient visible light and of high optical quality in off-state, without notably degrading normal (human) vision. In the entire interesting visible waveband in this topic, even higher transmittance is anticipated with efforts on deposition of AR coatings. When harmful radiation is no longer incident, the device can recover to a high transmission state in a short time scale (microseconds) so that the user¡¯s vision is not interrupted or significantly degraded after exposure. The BATi¡¯s expertise in ultrafast optics, photorefraction and material fabricating and processing will meet or exceed the requirements in performance of the proposed work.

Nano Terra, Inc
50 Soldiers Field Place
Brighton, MA 02135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Joseph McLellan
N111-001      Awarded:9/21/2011
Title:Optical Limiting System Based on Shape-Controlled Plasmonic Nanoparticles
Abstract:The proliferation of threat lasers from multiple wavelengths present a significant danger to ground vehicle crew members looking through direct view optics (vision blocks/unity periscopes). Current technologies utilize narrow band filters to block threats at specific wavelengths of common lasers. What is needed is a single frequency-agile laser eye protection system that is effective throughout the visible spectrum. We will develop an optical limiting filter, based on shape-controlled plasmonic nanoparticles that will provide instantaneous response to laser threats to address the fast pulses from sources such as Q- switched lasers at wavelengths across the visible spectrum (400-700 nm). We will use shape controlled synthesis to tune the non-linear optical limiting threshold to levels where they will be activated at intensities that would normally require the limiter solution to be at the focal point.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Fang Zhang
N111-001      Awarded:9/14/2011
Title:Hybrid Universal Laser Eye Protection System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for frequency-agile laser eye protection technology, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Hybrid Universal Laser Eye Protection (HULEP) system based on multilayer stacks of nanostructure semiconductor thin film (NSTF) and cholesteric liquid crystal (CHLC). In the HULEP design, the NSTF specifically provides broadband passive limiting with optical density (OD) 6 for a Q-switched laser with switching and recovery time 52% transmittance. In Phase I, POC plans to assess HULEP technology by developing a laser eye protection concept design and fabricating a proof-of- concept prototype to demonstrate feasibility and verify performance. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and demonstrate fully functional engineering prototypes that will meet Navy needs to effectively protect crew members from dazzling effects and permanent eye damage that results from frequency-agile threat laser incidents.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Stan Desjardins
N111-002      Awarded:12/5/2011
Title:Modular Anthropomorphic Test Device (ATD)
Abstract:Safe, Inc. proposes to develop an occupant surrogate with functions and performance tailored to the needs of the vehicle blast test community. The new ATD will use a suite of technologies already developed and the result will be far more biofidelic than the Hybrid III. The new ATD will exhibit realistic injuries such as bone fractures at the appropriate loadings. Yet this new ATD can be instrumented to measure the same gross forces and accelerations as the Hybrid-III. The Safe team proposes to design a femur-pelvis-spine assembly that will enable measurement of the force transmitted into the pelvis and then up the spine to the chest and head. The spine will be developed around individual vertebrae, each of which can be instrumented with strain gauges to collect strain data. This strain data will also be convertible to force data. By combining a pelvis and femur with this spine, the new ATD will offer a system with biofidelic articulation, posture, and injury susceptibility. The components will be modular. A frangible lower leg, rib cage-lung, and frangible head have already been developed with the proposed technology. These components are competitive in cost with Hybrid-III components and assure low technology risk.

Wolf Technical Services, Inc.
9855 Crosspoint Blvd, Suite 126
Indianapolis, IN 46256
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 842-6075
Sami DeVries
N111-002      Awarded:11/15/2011
Title:Modular Anthropomorphic Test Device (ATD)
Abstract:Currently, no appropriate anthropomorphic test device (ATD) for ballistic testing is available. The most commonly used ATD for research purposes is the Hybrid III, which was designed to examine human body dynamics in vehicular accidents. Although these devices are well instrumented, they are limited in the information they can provide in evaluating injuries from a ballistic incident. The cast aluminum and steel bone surrogates do not display failure upon impact, and the vinyl skin is impenetrable to flying debris. Wolf Technical Services, Inc. focuses on developing a low-cost modular ATD with frangible bones and visual indications of injuries caused by acceleration and loading. Wolf considered the top three injury mechanisms and the top four significant regions of injury to design Wolf’s ATD. Wolf introduces a cost-effective, modular ATD with the following features: a frangible skeletal system, a representation of blunt trauma, human construction, instrumentation to measure vertical acceleration, and reusable instrument packages.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Matthew Erdtmann
N111-003      Awarded:7/20/2011
Title:Silicon Nanowire Integrated Multispectral Sensor
Abstract:Agiltron will develop the Silicon Nanowire Integrated Multispectral Sensor, a low-SWAP silicon-based sensor with unprecedented capability for day/night imaging along with extended spectral response deep into the SWIR for laser marker detection. The Silicon Nanowire Sensor contains an array of fully-CMOS compatible silicon nanowire phototransistors whose unique nanoscale architecture creates colossal internal gain at biases on the order of one volt, a level of performance that is unprecedented in a solid state imager. When monolithically integrated with CMOS readout integrated circuitry (ROIC) at the pixel level, a silicon-based solid state imager with uncooled operation and performance equivalent to InGaAs will be realized for the first time.

Voxtel Inc.
15985 NW Schendel Avenue Suite 200
Beaverton, OR 97006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
Adam Lee
N111-003      Awarded:7/12/2011
Title:Low-SWAP Multi-Spectral Sensor with Enhanced Functionality for Low-Light and Laser Imaging
Abstract:A high-resolution integrated multi-spectral sensor (MSS) will be developed that incorporates day and night vision, as well as multi-spectral laser spot imaging, into a single sensor package. Using existing extended-spectral-response InGaAs detectors, the responsivity performance of the InGaAs technology will be demonstrated against the variety of designators, rangefinders, and markers. InGaAs arrays will also be shown to provide superior low-light-level (LLL) imaging capability. Using this validation, a novel focal plane array (FPA) will be designed to allow both LLL and multi-spectral laser spot imaging. In Phase I, the system will be designed and simulated. In Phase II, the FPA will be built and integrated into a small-sized package, compatible with handheld operation. The prototype will then be field-tested to verify performance.

Wavefront
7 Johnston Circle
BASKING RIDGE, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 558-4806
Jie Yao
N111-003      Awarded:7/21/2011
Title:Hyper-Spectral Night-Vision Camera
Abstract:Military common laser range finders (CLRF) currently use a direct viewing binocular augmented with AN/PVS night vision eye pieces with infrared cutoff at about 900 nm, incapable of detecting either the eye-safe laser range finder beam or the laser designator beam. The CLRF needs an all-light-level day-and-night visible to Short-Wave-Infrared (SWIR) imager for simultaneously detecting the visible and infrared target/scene and tracking infrared laser energy on the target. Of particular importance is night vision capability for CLRF operation under low-light-level conditions such as overcast starlight. During Phase I, we will (a) demonstrate a 2-dimensional Photon Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) array with photon-counting sensitivity and with hyper-spectral response; (b) demonstrate saturation control for all-light-level day-and-night imaging in CLRFs. In Phase II, we will optimize the PCIC focal plane array (FPA) to full specifications, integrate the PCIC FPA with readout integrated circuit (ROIC), and prototype day-and-night all-weather photon-counting PCIC imagers for CLRF systems. The prototype PCIC imager will be fully tested and delivered for evaluation and demonstration at DoD laboratories. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the PCIC imager to major defense contractors to be incorporated into military CLRF systems as well as for our commercial medical device products.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Anup Katake
N111-004      Awarded:10/27/2011
Title:Stellar Imaging in Infrared for Azimuth
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a celestial azimuth sensor, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new system for Stellar Imaging in the infra-Red for AZimuth (SIRAZ). This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes mature components developed in-house and COTS components. The innovation in novel integration of high- sensitivity photodiodes with MEMS scanning mirrors, coupled with space heritage attitude estimation methodologies, will enable the system to accurately estimate the true north referenced azimuth in diverse weather conditions at any time of the day. As a result, this system offers 870 microrad azimuth accuracy at an update rate of 1 Hz while being compact and weighing

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Richard Cagley
N111-004      Awarded:10/27/2011
Title:Advanced Celestial Azimuth Sensing Technology
Abstract:Current celestial azimuth sensors suffer from two challenges meant to be addressed through the proposed work. The first is an inability to operate in degraded weather conditions. This may be due to high levels of atmospheric contamination, e.g., smog and haze, as well as generally poor weather, such as significant cloud cover. This challenge will be addressed through the use of a multi-spectral solution tuned to provide the best possible operation in inclement atmospheric conditions, both day and night. Tuning will take place through the use of multiple spectral bands that will be realized through a combination of detectors and filters. The use of polarizing filters will also be explored. The second major shortcoming of current azimuth sensors is their slow speed of acquisition and accuracy. Toyon will address this problem through the use of advanced image processing algorithms implemented in field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), augmented with soft processor(s) for control and floating point operations. Toyon will leverage many years of experience in developing miniature camera systems in order to produce a celestial azimuth sensor that minimizes size, weight, and power (SWaP).

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
N111-004      Awarded:10/27/2011
Title:Advanced Celestial Azimuth Sensing Technology
Abstract:A celestial compass based on solar & stellar imaging has several principal advantages as compared to a digital magnetic compass. A celestial compass is insensitive to magnetic interference and can operate in urban environments, near vehicles and power lines, while wearing body armor and a helmet. It is compact, lightweight and low power. A celestial compass provides nearly instantaneous highly accurate azimuth measurements in clear and partly cloudy skies. However, current systems cannot operate under overcast conditions and during any precipitation. An advanced celestial compass that can operate under less than ideal weather conditions, including clouds and precipitation is required. We propose to perform a detailed performance analysis of candidate sensors systems and determine appropriate spectral wavebands that will maximize the percentage of time the sensor will provide an azimuth solution. In addition, we propose to experimentally validate our theoretical predictions under various atmospheric conditions. In the Phase I program, we will carry out a performance analysis, conduct an experimental study and trade-off analysis that will select the best approach. In the Phase II program, we will design, build, and field demonstrate a prototype of the advanced celestial compass.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 770-2061
Amit Ghosh
N111-005      Awarded:10/28/2011
Title:A high sensitive MEMS micro-gyroscope
Abstract:Leveraging on our experience in MEMS component and sensor system fabrication, Agiltron proposes to realize a new type of MEMS microgyroscope with a simple scalable mechanism and high precision. The gyroscope will be fabricated in a MEMS structure, with a novel design concept that maximizes the resonant frequency difference between the driving and sensing mode, tuning the sensing mode to near free floating state. This will result in a sensor with unparalleled performance on low noise and bias stability, and provide a unique solution for cost-effective mass production. Being a sealed MEMS device, the gyroscope will be able to withstand severe environmental conditions in hand-held laser rangefinders. In the Phase I program, the feasibility of the proposed accelerometer technology will be demonstrated through both design and sensor fabrication.

American GNC Corporation
888 Easy Street
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 582-0582
Tasso Politopoulos
N111-005      Awarded:10/27/2011
Title:Gyrocompassing Based Attitude and Azimuth Determination System Using MEMS Inertial Sensors
Abstract:The objective of this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a Gyrocompassing Based Attitude and Azimuth Determination System Using MEMS Inertial Sensors. This attitude and azimuth determination system can be used in a handheld laser range finder for providing targeting capability for laser-guided, GPS-guided, and conventional munitions. The key advantage of the gyrocompassing approach based attitude and azimuth determination is that it is autonomous or self-calibrated. It is not affected by magnetic fields and needs no external information, such as initial conditions or external reference. Traditionally, the gyrocompassing approach needs high accuracy gyros and accelerometers such as RLG, FOG and DTG, which are expensive and large in size. The technology advancements in recent years have transformed the inertial sensors, especially the advances of the new technology based inertial vibration sensors, such as Hemispherical Resonator Gyros (HRG), MEMS quartz gyros and MEMS quartz accelerometers. Also, advanced processing algorithms and real-time sensor error calibration methods realized by powerful computers/microprocessors can lower the accuracy requirement for gyrocompass sensors. In the Phase I project, we propose, analyze, and finally demonstrate through simulation the feasibility of several gyrocompassing system configurations that use high accuracy MEMS gyros and accelerometers for attitude and azimuth determination applications.

Milli Sensor Systems & Actuators
93 Border Street
West Newton, MA 02465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 965-4872
Donato Cardarelli
N111-005      Awarded:10/28/2011
Title:Phase GyroCompass for Azimuth and Navigation Sensing Using a MEMS IMU Sensor Chip
Abstract:A MEMS GyroCompass is proposed which utilizes two novel mechanizations for achieving drift-free sensor operation and for simultaneously detecting North and Azimuth to the target. The unit is expected to be smaller than an iPhone and easily mountable on a hand-held laser range finder. Its operation should not require handling or adjustments and should be simpler to use than the magnetic compass. We propose a plan based on experience developed at MSSA to eliminate bias from sensors and the MEMS IMU Sensor Chip, which integrates all the gyroscopes and accelerometers needed on the same chip.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Michael Painter
N111-006      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Real-time Assessment, Planning, and Integrated Decision Support (RAPIDS)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed effort is to design, develop, and deploy a real-time, effects- directed, collaborative planning capability to help commanders and their planning staff to more rapidly and effectively (i) maintain situation awareness of world state conditions, constraints, and goals governing the planned use of manned and unmanned aircraft; (ii) generate candidate plans for the effective use of these asset to address known tasks and emerging threat conditions; and (iii) assess and put into motion those plans that most effectively address current and anticipated needs.

Milcord LLC
1050 Winter Street Suite 1000
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 530-3877
Alper Caglayan
N111-006      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Decision Theoretic Mission Planning for Air Operations
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of a decision-theoretic planning system for air operations consisting of: 1) an Asset and Payload Scheduling component to schedule assets and payload by taking into account missions at hand and assessed situation and threat using constraint programming technology; 2) a Proactive Flight Planning component to perform route planning for a mission based on multiple way points and the current situation and threat utilizing our in-house route planning algorithm successfully applied in previous projects involving course of action forecasting (Army Geospatial Center) and safe route planning (Office of Naval Research); and 3) a Dynamic Plan Adaptation component to dynamically adjust routes during a mission based on real-time situation and threat assessment using Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) that implements a reward scheme where the most reward is obtained upon a successful strike. POMDP is suitable for handling stochastic transitions and observations in line with the uncertainty of moving a weapon delivery platform from one point to the other under variable threat. We plan to build a limited scope prototype for decision-theoretic planning for ATO objectives.

Mosaic ATM, Inc.
801 Sycolin Road Suite 306
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 589-2863
Stephen Pledgie
N111-006      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Mixed-Initiative Architecture for Emergent Support Tasking & Resource Optimization (MAESTRO)
Abstract:Mosaic ATM proposes to develop the Mixed-Initiative Architecture for Emergent Support Tasking and Resource Optimization (MAESTRO), which will provide an innovative real-time service for task planning and execution. MAESTRO will support information sharing, dissemination and collaborative command and control (C2) of assets for emergent tasking and ad hoc air support requests. Situational data will be used by this automatic planning tool to facilitate adaptive flight plan changes that are communicated to users in a manner that organically highlights changes and that supports execution and monitoring of the revised plan. MAESTRO will be designed to operate within a SOA environment that provides access to both command and disadvantaged, downrange operators who are engaged expeditionary warfare.

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 424-1990
Liang Tang
N111-007      Awarded:3/31/2011
Title:A Miniature and Low Cost Inertial-Based Navigation System for Highly Accurate Position and Attitude Estimation without Relying on the GPS
Abstract:Impact Technologies, in collaboration with the Rochester Institute of Technology, proposes to develop a low-cost, light-weight, low-power inertial navigation system for highly accurate vehicle position and attitude determination without relying on the GPS. The device is capable of use in many systems from unmanned autonomous vehicles such as UAV to anti-submarine sonobuoys. The proposed system implements a nonlinear filter-based three-dimensional position and attitude estimator featuring several novel algorithms for estimating and eliminating sensor drifting, bias and high vibrational effects. Particularly, an innovative algorithm is developed to identify the local gravitational position in real-time and use it to bound sensor errors. To capture the earth’s gravitational vector, a uniquely designed hardware configuration that combines a dual-arc accelerometer array with a three-axis rate- gyro has been developed and successfully demonstrated with prototyping hardware. The over-redundant accelerometer system is also utilized for position estimation so that measurements are filtered and fused to drastically reduce sensor drifting and bias effects. Preliminary software and hardware simulation studies have demonstrated promising results. While Phase I will focus on proof-of-concept feasibility demonstration, a hardware prototype will be fabricated, tested on a targeted UAV platform and delivered to the Navy in Phase II.

Milli Sensor Systems & Actuators
93 Border Street
West Newton, MA 02465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 965-4872
Donato Cardarelli
N111-007      Awarded:3/31/2011
Title:Drift-Free MEMS IMU for Precision Determination of Attitude and Position of Unmanned Vehicles and Sonobuoys
Abstract:We propose a compact, low cost, bias stabilized MEMS inertial measurement unit (IMU) as the most critical component of a miniature, low cost, low drift, high accuracy inertial navigation system (INS). This IMU is capable of providing stable attitude and position data and supports autonomous guidance in an INS for high altitude antisubmarine warfare (ASW), UAVs, sonobuoys and pod or turret mounted sensors and will exhibit the low power and compact size necessary for these applications. This effort will leverage work already underway in three related programs at MSSA to develop autonomous navigation for air drops (Army), stabilize antennas in aerial vehicles (Air Force) and stabilize reaction wheels for small satellites (NASA Ames).

Tanenhaus and Associates
53 Old Solomons Island Rd Suite H
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 703-9939
Martin Tanenhaus
N111-007      Awarded:3/31/2011
Title:Low Cost, Low Drift, High Accuracy, Miniature Inertial Navigation System (INS)
Abstract:The challenge to develop new innovative devices and methods to create a miniature, low cost, low drift, high accuracy inertial navigation system (INS). This challenge is met using arrays of COTS MEMS inertial devices to fabricate a small light weight rugged IMU/INS with GPS and a embedded dual processor architecture capable of multiple I/O connections. Bench top testing will demonstrate an ultra low drift IMU/INS GPS-independence, especially when in GPS-denied situations. An advanced heading system with a suite of advanced algorithms will be tested externally and compared with candidate Kalman Filter solutions before being integrated with the IMU/INS to demonstrate accurate azimuth and optimum position determination.

Accurate Automation Corporation
7001 Shallowford Road
Chattanooga, TN 37421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 894-4646
Chadwick Cox
N111-008      Awarded:5/5/2011
Title:Common-Control, Unmanned Vehicle Trainer
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will develop a low-cost trainer based on PC technology. The objective is to provide the U.S. Navy with the ability to readily train personnel to operate unmanned vehicle systems when high-cost training systems and actual control systems are in short supply. This trainer will incorporate 1) a reconfigurable Graphical User Interface (GUI) to simulate the target control station(s), 2) existing simulation tools to provide a realistic representation of the target vehicle, 3) common control and an open networking architecture to provide flexibility and to facilitate future growth, 4) a behavioral Artificial Intelligence (AI) engine, and 5) and video-conferencing tools to provide a good, low-cost training solution.During Phase I, we will plan the development of the system and work with the customer to prioritize our focus on particular features and capabilities. This plan will lead to the development of a prototype training system that covers the Tier 1-3 fixed- wing vehicles, using commercial-grade hardware and basic graphical representations, but with appropriately realistic underlying scenarios and simulations. The result will be that an operator who has been trained with AAC’s product will require substantially less training with high-cost trainers or the targeted real control stations.

CATI Training Systems, LLC
807 Donnell Blvd. Suite F
Daleville, AL 36322
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 598-1319
James Williams
N111-008      Awarded:5/5/2011
Title:Common Unmanned Vehicle Control Procedures Trainer for Airborne and Sea Based Unmanned Systems and Sensors
Abstract:The increased use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is calling out for commonality among UAV GCSs to save money in training and development costs. In response to this need, the U.S. military services are developing requirements for UAV ground control stations that are platform independent to reduce costs and enhance operator flexibility. In essence to: create an innovative, common UAV training system that adequately emulates the major components of all UAV systems operated by the Navy and naval elements of special teams.

RPA Electronic Solutions Inc.
1285 Chenango Street
Binghamton, NY 13901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 771-0393
Barry Williams
N111-008      Awarded:5/4/2011
Title:Common Unmanned Vehicle Control Procedures Trainer for Airborne and Sea Based Unmanned Systems and Sensors
Abstract:The US Navy currently has many different unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) deployed, but no dedicated training systems to support them. Current training techniques tie up valuable resources of the deployed systems. A dedicated simulation system for each of the current and planned future UAVs would provide a valuable resource providing the required operator training offline, freeing up the actual device. Creating a unique training and simulation system for each UAV would require multiple contracts, each duplicating many efforts common across all platforms. An approach that can be readily adapted to all platforms, allowing common elements to be incorporated and different functions easily exchanged is highly desirable. An approach that treats the various features and functions across the various platforms as available services to the simulator, providing a means to readily connect such differing functions to one another via user defined configurations allows for a high amount of reuse across the required training devices. An adapted Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is proposed herein that would provide this and more, including advanced training task definition for specific straining scenario generation.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Kazem Sabet
N111-009      Awarded:3/23/2011
Title:Performance Assessment and Optimization of Installed Antenna and Radome
Abstract:In this SBIR project, EMAG Technologies proposes to develop a comprehensive visual software environment for performance assessment and optimization of installed antenna and radome. The software will feature a full 3-D CAD modeler for platform setup and antenna- radome design. Fast full-wave solvers featuring state-of-the-art acceleration techniques will be used for the solution of the forward CEM problem. Optimization will be performed using genetic algorithms utilizing a novel response surface representation that is computationally very efficient without compromising modeling accuracy.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7556
vijaya shankar
N111-009      Awarded:3/23/2011
Title:Performance Assessment and Optimization of Installed Antenna and Radome
Abstract:The principal elements for creating an efficient, accurate, and robust suite of tools for combined radome/antenna design are currently within view. The challenge is to integrate these elements in a package that is easily applied to optimizing radar system performance when the antenna is installed on a specific platform behind a radome that must meet both structural and aerodynamic constraints. Several ongoing activities at HyPerComp can make substantial contributions to the development of the integrated design and analysis capability:1. The discontinuous Galerkin solver for Maxwell’s equations is being implemented in a new framework that runs efficiently on either CPU clusters or CPU/GPU clusters, where it is expected to scale almost optimally with problem size and the order of accuracy of the field representations. Technical improvements, such as the implementation of curved grid elements on physical boundaries, permit high accuracy in the surface fields without packing the surface with flat facets or the interior with tiny cells. Orders of magnitude speedup on a CPU/GPU cluster have already been demonstrated for a similar time-domain Maxwell solver.2. The mathematical details underlying both interpolation in multiparameter design and the implementation of reduced basis methods are being analyzed specifically for full-wave solutions of Maxwell’s equations.3. The problems of importing and repairing CAD representations of aircraft and related structures for use in a full-wave solver have been solved here in other programs, and a next-generation volume grid generator that meets all of the relevant criteria is nearing completion.

International Electronic Machines
850 River St.
Troy, NY 12180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 268-1636
Zack Mian
N111-010      Awarded:4/25/2011
Title:Stabilizer Level Accurate Measurement System (SLAMS)
Abstract:Cartridge-Actuated Devices and Propellant-Actuated Devices (CADs and PADs) use a “double-base propellant” which consists of a binder (nitrocellulose) and a plasticizer (most often nitroglycerine). Over time the propellant can degrade, leading to premature and unintended detonation or fire when stabilizing chemicals such as diphenylamine (DPA) and its daughter products are exhausted. It is therefore of great interest to be able to safely, accurately, and reliably detect the presence and quantity of stabilizer, and stabilizing daughter products, in situ. International Electronic Machines (IEM), a leader in wireless sensor system design, will develop the Stabilizer Level Accurate Measurement System (SLAMS), a miniature, self-contained, wireless sensor unit which will be intrinsically safe, thin enough to fit into the clearance available for a propellant load, and will accurately and reliably detect and measure stabilizer concentrations; SLAMS will then transmit these measurements to an external data collector. SLAMS will leverage prior IEM unique, ultra- low power wireless sensor design work, and innovative, patented chemical sensor designs from Sandia National Laboratory. IEM will examine two parallel design concepts for SLAMS to determine which will provide the best solution to the Navy’s requirements, and demonstrate proofs-of-concept which will permit a final design decision for Phase II.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4506
John Beck
N111-010      Awarded:4/25/2011
Title:An Innovative Integrated Chemical and Environmental Sensor for Health Monitoring of Double-Base Propellants
Abstract:Double base propellants such as those used in the Navy’s Cartridge Actuated Devices (CAD) and Propellant Actuated Devices (PAD) are succeptible to degradation via nitrate ester thermolysis. Typical formulations have stabilizing compounds that can retard this degradation however they are consumed over time, and it has been recently discovered that stabilizer depletion is dramatically increased by elevated temperatures. To prevent thermal runaway, cook-off and spontaneous combustion events it is necessary to have an effective method for measuring, recording and reporting the stabilizer concentration levels in CADs. Luna Innovations has combined its expertise in optical physics and propellant chemistry to develop a fiber optic sensor solution capable of real-time stabilizer concentration monitoring. The proposed solution will be low cost, lightweight, compact and will have minimal effect on the operational function of the CAD’s once implemented.

Seacoast Science, Inc
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C
Carlsbad, CA 92011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 268-0083
William Tolley
N111-010      Awarded:4/25/2011
Title:Embedded Chemical Sensor for Health Monitoring of Double-Base Propellants
Abstract:Currently, the Military lacks the capability to monitor solid rocket motors for potentially lethal aging or handling-induced defects. The proposed research will provide the Military with embeddable chemical sensor arrays to identify defects occurring after manufacturing of the motors. Conventional high-sensitivity instruments are too heavy, costly and cumbersome to be dedicated to monitoring an individual motor used in the field. Motors must be transported to a depot to evaluate the potential for age-induce flaws in the liners, casings or propellants. We propose to develop sensitive, low-power sensors that can be embedded into the motor and can transmit electronic signals through to a conductive flex circuit to alert personnel to defective rocket motors. Seacoast manufactures chemicapacitors and chemiresistors as light-weight chemical sensors. It is envisioned that a number of chemical sensors would be embedded between the insulation and the motor casing. Electronics printed on flexible substrate would connect the sensor arrays to external displays, allowing assessment of the health of a rocket motor over its entire lifetime. The sensor arrays and support electronics would become an integral part of the motor and result in substantial reductions in cost to assess readiness of the motor.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Anthony Dietz
N111-011      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Flight Hearing Protection System
Abstract:Creare proposes a Flight Hearing Protection System based on an innovative communication earplug that is easily inserted and removed but that seals deep in the ear canal. We will also evaluate upgrades to the current flight helmet to improve the level of passive attenuation provided by the helmet. The high level of sound attenuation provided by the earplug coupled with improved helmet attenuation will result in a lightweight, low-cost, passive hearing protection system suitable for the loudest fixed and rotary wing aircraft cockpits and cabins. Our passive approach with a universal fit, reusable earplug, also results in a low system life- cycle cost. Creare has assembled a highly qualified team to complete this development effort. In Phase I, we will prepare a system design and demonstrate the performance of the earplug and of the upgraded helmet. In Phase II, we will fabricate the integrated system, and measure its performance in the laboratory and in the field.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5242
Roger Xu
N111-011      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Intelligent Hearing Protection and Communication System with Speech Enhancement and Situational Awareness
Abstract:In the U.S. military rotary-wing aviation setting such as heavy lift helicopters, pilots are exposed to severe cabin noise produced by the aircraft. Noise level in these helicopters exceeding safe limits assessed in accordance with limits set in DODI 6055.12 may lead to degraded speech intelligibility and has the potential for permanent hearing loss. Most of current technologies indiscriminately block or cancel ambient noises, and the situational awareness is sacrificed. In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes an intelligent hearing protection and communication system with speech intelligibility and SA enhancements. The key innovation of the proposed approach is to selectively cancel the target noise from the environmental acoustic signal while maintaining situational awareness, and enhance the uplink speech signal of the pilots in order to improve speech intelligibility.

Sound Innovations Inc
35 Railroad Row Suite 202
White River Junction, VT 05001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 280-3020
Jason Solbeck
N111-011      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Improved Pilot/Maintainer Auditory Performance in Complex Air Vehicle Noise Spectra
Abstract:Sound Innovations Inc will develop a next-generation hearing protection and communication headset to be worn with existing military aviator helmets, particularly the HGU-84/P helmet, that provides protection against noise-induced hearing loss and deliver clear incoming communications. Phase I research will provide baseline evaluation of hearing protection and speech intelligibility in noise and will explore the apparent trade-off between passive and active attenuation. Additionally, design concepts for integration of the system will be developed. The Phase I prototype and design concepts will lead to a fieldable prototype in Phase II.

Gatekey Engineering, Inc.
PO Box 456
Canal Winchester, OH 43110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 828-4072
James Dydo
N111-012      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Non-Contact Process to Enhance the Fatigue Life of Aluminum Cold Worked Fastener Holes
Abstract:Aircraft wing skins contain thousands of fastener holes, which can act as crack initiation sites for structures under severe fatigue conditions. Major cracks have developed around aircraft fastener holes, which can propagate into larger cracks and possible result in catastrophic failure. Compressive residual stresses have been shown to improve fatigue performance for a variety of applications. Current methods of inducing compressive residual stresses in the fastener holes, using cold expansion, do not completely retard the formation and growth of cracks at the entry surface of the holes, since stresses there are lower than at the middle and exit. Gatekey Engineering, Inc., proposes to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of using Electromagnetic Pulse (EM/P) expansion processing to provide deep compressive residual stresses at the entry surface of the hole.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 953-4286
Shi-Hau Own
N111-012      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Non-Contact Process to Enhance the Fatigue Life of Aluminum Cold Worked Fastener Holes
Abstract:Fatigue crack on the aircraft wing skins after extended service is a significant reliability issue for structural integrity. Fatigue cracks originating from fastener hole surfaces can grow eventually leading to catastrophic failure of the structure. Inspecting the holes and repairing cracks are expensive and time consuming with significant downtime of the aircraft. Cold expansion can be applied to the fastener hole to introduce a compressive stress to extend the fatigue life of the structure, but hole cold expansion does not give even compressive stress through the fastener hole sections. Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes a fiber optics based laser peening system to treat fastener holes as small as 0.18 inch. With fiber optics probe design, double shot laser coupling and liquid phase laser energy absorbing coating, the laser peening fiber optics system will be able to deliver sufficient compressive stress to the entry section of the fastener hole at higher peening rate. The fatigue life of the structural component will thus be extended with reduced maintenance cost and risk of structural failure.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Auburn, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom Butler
N111-012      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Cavitation Peening of Aluminum Fastener Holes In-Situ
Abstract:Aging aircraft experience fatigue cracking from stress concentrations around rivet holes. Current best practice is to pull an oversized mandrel through the hole to induce beneficial residual compressive stresses and this improves fatigue life significantly. However, the benefit is reduced for chamfered rivet holes, where the compressive stresses are lower. The goal of this proposal is to use cavitation peening to induce deep, high magnitude residual compressive stresses around the hole and in the chamfered area, thereby improving fatigue life. The cavitation peening process currently uses a high pressure jet to sweep over the surface of the part while it is submerged in a water tank. This project will modify the technology so the part does not have to be submerged in a water tank so large structures can be cavitation peened. The cavitation peening equipment would be mounted on a roll around cart and the peening nozzle clamped to the surface to be peened. The process will be very inexpensive and clean with no shot or risk of foreign object damage. The system would be extremely versatile and could be used for a wide variety of applications, not just rivet holes.

Capco Inc.
1328 Winters Ave. P.O. Box 1028
Grand Junction, CO 81501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 243-8480
Chris Williams
N111-013      Awarded:5/4/2011
Title:Electromagnetic Absorbing Chaff
Abstract:Aluminum-coated, glass strands have been used for RF countermeasures (RFCM) for more than 50 years. This type of RFCM system is becoming outdated and potentially ineffective. New material technologies are needed to ensure aircraft RFCM are effective in the 21st century. Through the use of metamaterial technology, it is theorized that a new generation of RFCM chaff could be developed which absorbs or phase shifts the incident electromagnetic (EM) waveforms.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Elizabeth Meents
N111-013      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:Tunable Electromagnetic Chaff
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to design and model tunable, metamaterial (MM) chaff using CRG’s electrically responsive material (ERM) as the tunable component of the chaff. CRG has invented a new class of ERMs that can change their electromagnetic properties when exposed to external stimuli. CRG will use ERMs to create tunable MM chaff that can be modified to change its electromagnetic response. This tunable chaff system will provide a number of benefits including: customized countermeasures, variable electromagnetic properties using a single MM design, and difficult to reverse engineer. This tunable chaff system will be designed to function with current chaff dispensing systems but will also open up a new design space for next- generation electromagnetic countermeasures and employment tactics.

SensorMetriX
10171 Pacific Mesa Blvd., Suite 305
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 625-4458
Anthony Starr
N111-013      Awarded:5/3/2011
Title:Multifunctional Electromagnetic Metamaterial Chaff
Abstract:It is proposed to incorporate electromagnetic metamaterial designs into a new class of EM chaff designed for operation across the 2 - 18 GHz region. Metamaterials can be tailored to produce unique EM responses, including as near perfect absorbers, for use as EM countermeasures. EM metamaterials can also be incorporated into diverse physical forms that can play important roles in their deployment.

BEEcube Inc.
39465 Paseo Padre Parkway Suite 3700
Fremont, CA 94538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 252-1136
Chen Chang
N111-014      Awarded:4/28/2011
Title:A Simulink-Based Design Tool for Mapping Guidance Algorithms into Field Programmable Gate Arrays
Abstract:This document proposes a 6-month Phase I effort to demonstrate the feasibility of a direct- programming tool for missile guidance algorithms. This tool will be an expansion of the currently supported product called the BEEcube Platform Studio (BPS), which is itself built upon the Mathworks™ Simulink® framework and Xilinx® System Generator for DSP™. This expansion will be three-fold: first, to permit the support of multiple FPGA vendors, second, to support function kernels targeted for guidance algorithms, and third, to predict power and thermal load capacity of the system

DSPlogic, Inc.
13017 Wisteria Drive Suite 420
Germantown, MD 20874
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 977-5970
Michael Babst
N111-014      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:High Productivity, Robust FPGA Programming Tool
Abstract:Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) are a very attractive, and often necessary, computational resource for intensive Digital Signal Processing (DSP) applications, including guidance systems. Their balance of performance, power consumption, and size make them ideally suited to SWAP-constrained sensor, communication, and guidance applications. However, the lengthy FPGA development and validation cycle, combined with limited application portability, contribute to relatively high life-cycle costs compared to modern embedded software systems.We propose the development of a high-level graphical programming environment for FPGA-based DSP applications. This model-based design environment, based upon object-oriented hardware design principles, will facilitate rapid FPGA system design by algorithm engineers across multiple platforms. Support for rapid integration and re-use of Intellectual Property (IP) cores is central to the proposed effort.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Richard Cagley
N111-014      Awarded:4/28/2011
Title:Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Direct Programming Tool
Abstract:The proposed GUI-based direct FPGA programming tool should be able to handle complex mathematics, produce efficient code, and be easy to use. In this effort Toyon proposes to use Matlab synthesis (M-synthesis) for this purpose. As most algorithm developers already use Matlab for modeling and simulation, the language presents a natural point of entry for code that will be translated directly to an FPGA. Most importantly, Matlab provides an extremely capable simulation environment by which to stimulate and post-process simulation data. By providing both fixed point Matlab for debugging and fixed point C/C++ for acceleration of fixed point verification, there is unprecedented flexibility in the process of translating a floating point model to the fixed point numerics required in an FPGA. Further complimenting this flow will be the integration of RTL verification with the same fixed point test vectors. This will all be encapsulated in an easy to use framework that will incorporate Matlab code entry and model-based Simulink integration. Toyon will provide additional support in the form of IP development, processor and external memory interfaces, as well as starter-kits to ease the introduction of this toolflow to Navy personnel.

Lightning Ridge Technologies
4106 Aikins Ave SW
Seattle, WA 98116
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 793-4876
David Lorenzo
N111-015      Awarded:4/11/2011
Title:Advanced Adaptive Beamforming/Nullsteering CRPA with Robust Bias Compensation for Rotorcraft Precision Navigation
Abstract:Lightning Ridge Technologies advances the state of the art of Controlled Reception Pattern Antennas (CRPAs) for rotorcraft by developing an adaptive beamsteering technology to significantly mitigate hostile jamming while estimating and cancelling GPS signal variations that plague rotorcraft operations. These variations include but are not limited to rotor interference, manufacturing variability and electronic mutual coupling in the antennas, and airframe and environmental changes that alter signal scattering, diffraction, and reflection. Most problematic for precision navigation and adaptive CRPA processing, the main rotor states contributing to rotor blade modulation (RBM) are currently not measured in real-time on operational helicopters (e.g., the MH-60). The proposed architecture utilizes a two part estimation scheme to account for the biases. Carrier-phase biases are quickly varying, and should be calibrated in real-time. Pseudorange errors can be smoothed over longer periods, and these biases cause less effect on the sensitive beamsteering algorithms; thus pseudorange biases should be calibrated off-line. Lightning Ridge Technologies’ experts have designed CRPA systems to land jets on aircraft carriers (Navy JPALS Program); this prior knowledge enables us to create a feasible approach providing significant benefits to rotorcraft aviation.

Mayflower Communications Company, Inc.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
William LeComte
N111-015      Awarded:4/11/2011
Title:Code/carrier Phase Compensation (CPC) for GPS Anti-Jam Receivers on Rotary Wing Aircraft Platforms
Abstract:Beamforming/null steering algorithms have been developed for antenna installations on ships and fixed wing aircraft where navigational accuracy is achieved at the expense of greater complexity and cost in the antenna electronics. A rotary wing aircraft presents a more challenging radio frequency (RF) environment than ships and fixed wing aircraft where both the rotor blade modulation and reflection may affect anti-jam and GPS receiver performance. The objective of this SBIR program is to develop advanced adaptive weighting algorithms to mitigate potential code and carrier phase bias errors introduced by Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna (CRPA) nulling algorithms and maintain or improve navigation accuracy in the presence of rotor blade jammer reflection and modulation of GPS satellite signals. Mayflower proposes to leverage its Small Antenna System (SAS) technology developed for rotary wing platforms with innovative advanced adaptive weighting algorithms that mitigate antenna induced phase biases in GPS code and carrier phase measurements in the rotary wing environment. In Phase I of this SBIR, Mayflower will prove the feasibility of an advanced adaptive weighting algorithm through simulation and analysis. In Phase II, our plan will implement an enhanced AJ solution to demonstrate the ability to mitigate GPS carrier phase and pseudo-range biases induced by jamming in a rotor-blade environment. Under Phase III, Mayflower will develop form-fit AJ electronics for transitioning the technology to current and future rotary wing naval platforms such as the Navy’s H-60 aircraft.

PaneraTech
7056 Falls Reach Dr. Suite: 304
Falls Church, VA 22043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 582-2013
Paul Swetnam
N111-015      Awarded:4/11/2011
Title:Beam Forming/Null Steering Algorithms for Rotorcraft Mounted Global Positioning System (GPS) Anti-Jam Receivers
Abstract:PaneraTech, in partnership with Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory, is proposing to develop an advanced beamforming/null steering algorithm that provides the desired navigation accuracy in the presence of rotor blade modulation of the satellite signals and the incident interfering signals. We will investigate various adaptive weighting algorithms for rotorcraft mounted GPS antenna arrays and determine the most optimal algorithm that will maintain or improve C/N for satellite signals, and minimal antenna induced biases or calibration of antenna induced biases in the presence of rotor blade jammer reflection and modulation of GPS satellite signals.

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Peter Shea
N111-016      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:Optimizing Track-to-Track Data Fusion for Variable Cases
Abstract:In current tracking and data fusion applications, each mission, each scenario, each different configuration of sensors and measurement types typically results in a different tracking algorithm or configuration that produces the optimal performance results. However, the ability to quickly and easily evaluate these different approaches to allow for a detailed analysis does not exist today. As part of this effort, Black River Systems Company proposes to develop a model-based tracking architecture that is able to capture the key functional components of a tracker and allow for an objective determination of which tracker configuration and algorithmic components produce the optimal results. Our approach will break down the tracking problem into separate functional components and provide a software tool that is capable of selecting different algorithmic solutions for each of the functional blocks. In conjunction with this, we will also create scenarios that will be used to evaluate multiple combinations of tracker functionality. The final piece of our proposed solution is the development of tracking metrics that allow for an objective comparison of the performance of the various algorithmic components.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Craig Agate
N111-016      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:Optimizing Track-to-Track Data Fusion for Variable Cases
Abstract:Many Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems involve combining track data from multiple sources, leading to an improved track picture. A multitude of track fusion algorithms exist, some of which require significant computational resources and have difficulty running in real-time when thousands of tracks must be maintained. Ideally, we would like to evaluate the utility of the various track fusion algorithms for a particular system. An analysis of different track fusion algorithms based on real data from the ISR system in which they will be deployed would yield the most accurate assessment of track fusion performance; however, this requires data from real experiments, which is often difficult to obtain in any quantity. An alternative is to test and evaluate algorithms within a simulated environment that can model to some degree of realism the conditions under which the system will operate (and can vary those conditions to conduct thorough trade studies). On this effort, Toyon will develop a prototype ISR system evaluation tool that combines our scenario simulation application, tracking applications, track fusion application, and performance analysis tools into a software system for evaluating track fusion performance under varying conditions (and algorithm choices) for an ISR system such as the BAMS.

Vectraxx, Inc.
12131 Howards Mill Road
Glen Allen, VA 23059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 973-1114
Terry Ogle
N111-016      Awarded:5/2/2011
Title:AAV Benchmark
Abstract:The term benchmark originates from the chiseled horizontal marks that surveyors made, into which an angle-iron could be placed to bracket (“bench”) a leveling rod, thus ensuring that the leveling rod can be repositioned in exactly the same place in the future. A benchmark in computer terms is the result of running a computer program, or a set of programs, in order to assess the relative performance of an object by running a number of standard tests and trials against it. For over 10 years, GTRI has been involved in various “Benchmarks” that have been used by the Missile Defense Agency, Office of Naval Research, NavSea, and SIAP JPO. For the last nine of those years, Vectraxx has been involved in supporting the BMD Benchmark and using the IAMD Benchmark. The Vectraxx/GTRI team is perfectly positioned to develop the next high-fidelity simulation environment that will be a tool for comparing tracking algorithms.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 373-2775
Jeff Ridgway
N111-017      Awarded:4/7/2011
Title:Electric Field Sensor Technology
Abstract:E-fields produced by submarines is a technology that is suited to the littoral environment and can be integrated into airborne ASW systems. E-field sensors can be configured to fit into “A”-size buoys for airborne deployment, supporting surveillance and attack missions. In the littoral, ducting effects increase E-field detection ranges as water depth decreases, with negligible impact from littoral sound velocity profiles. ISL has built and tested buoy-based E- field sensors that utilize AgCl electrodes in order to make ionic contact with the seawater. However, AgCl electrodes take time to come to equilibrium after launch, and must be immersed in seawater for storage. ISL proposes to develop a unique electrode made out of carbon aerogel, that has the advantages of a dry-storable electrode, but also has excellent ULF noise characteristics. ISL has already researched this new electrode type to a certain extent using internal R&D funds, and will leverage this legacy work in order to arrive at an optimal electrode for air-droppable E-field buoys, which is accurate at all frequencies, acclimates quickly, and is affordable. This will enable exploitation of E-field signals emitted by submarines and offers new modalities that will facilitate vessel classification and data fusion with acoustic sensors.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
N111-017      Awarded:4/7/2011
Title:Swing Electro-Acoustic Sensor
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for compact low-noise electrodes to be used with air-deployed electric-field sensor platforms, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Swing Electro-Acoustic Sensor (SEAS). This proposed technology is based on a new system design that utilizes in-house developed carbon fiber electrodes and an innovative electrometer concept using commercially available components. The innovation in the system and electrode fabrication technology will enable the SEAS device to detect low-frequency and low-magnitude electromagnetic fields in seawater. As a result, this technology offers operation in a wide frequency range, high sensitivity and frequency selectivity, and reliable operation in the turbulent environment, which directly addresses the Navy’s Air ASW Systems PMA-264 program and A-size buoy requirements, such as low-noise floor in both ultra-low and extremely-low frequency bands, rapid deployment, tolerance to thermal and salinity variations, and compatibility with A-size buoy container and launcher. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SEAS technology and design low-noise and dry-storage electrodes by the evaluation of a conceptual benchtop prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a SEAS prototype and demonstrate it in the operational environment.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 228-1704
Robert Dickey
N111-017      Awarded:4/7/2011
Title:Compact, Low Noise Electrodes for Air Deployed Marine Electric Field Sensors
Abstract:Buoys for marine surveillance have traditionally employed acoustic sensors for target detection and classification. However, there are situations, particularly in littoral environments, in which the performance of these sensors can be significantly compromised. Underwater electric field sensors offer the capability for target detection through sensing the electromagnetic fields generated by marine vessels. A buoy capable of detecting these signatures could offer significant advantages.The use of E-field sensing underwater has, up until now, been hampered by the practical performance of available sensor technology. Results have been dependent on varied factors such as temperature, salinity, microstructural differences among electrodes used, and prior exposure to air and light. QUASAR Federal Systems proposes to leverage its compact, robust underwater sensing technology, which is immune to these effects, to develop a dry-storable electrode technology with a low noise floor in the frequency bands of interest that provides immediate signal transduction upon contact with seawater for the next generation of underwater electric field sensors.In Phase II we will collaborate with Ultra Electronics Undersea Sensor Systems Inc. (USSI) to build and test E-field sensors for ocean deployments. In Phase III we will develop a production design to integrate into existing naval sonobuoy systems.

American Dynamics Flight Systems,
8264 Preston Ct Suite A
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 579-3119
Paul Vasilescu
N111-018      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:Aerodynamic Rotating 2.75 Inch Low-Drag Lightweight Launcher
Abstract:The Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) system has added laser guidance and precision strike capabilities to the already highly effective and proven Hydra 70 system. The relative low weight and low cost of the APKWS driven Hydra 70 system makes it an ideal choice for manned and unmanned aircraft. A reduction in aerodynamic drag of the launching system could significantly increase aircraft forward airspeed and flight endurance, especially for unmanned aircraft.The Phase I effort will focus on demonstrating the feasibility of developing a set of low-drag, lightweight, aerodynamic rotating launchers for 2.75 inch rockets and the APKWS weapon system. These launchers will be developed using technology that can substantially decrease aerodynamic drag. The launchers will also be constructed using advanced composite materials that can substantially decrease weight and increase service life. The Phase I effort will include aerodynamic analysis through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and proof-of-principle demonstration through the fabrication and laboratory testing of a full-scale prototype launch tube. The Phase II effort will include the fabrication and demonstration of the proposed launcher designs through physical live tests of prototype launcher assemblies.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Fred Piasecki
N111-018      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:Low Drag 2.75 Inch Rocket and Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) Launchers
Abstract:The proposal describes a solution to the challenge presented in SBIR Topic N111-018 for a Low Drag 2.75 Inch Rocket and Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) Launchers. The Phase I approach is to develop and validate through prototype engineering, a Low Drag 2.75" Launcher. PiAC will hypothesize different approaches to respond to the topic requirement, namely our concept 60X4006 Low Weight Low Drag, (LWLD) 4-shot, and 60X4008 Low Weight Low Drag (LWLD) 19-shot launchers. PiAC will develop a trade study matrix effort on differing drag reduction approaches. Decision metrics will be developed and applied to arrive at an appropriate down-select from the trade study concepts. The final solution will be compatible with the LAU-61/68 systems for complete mechanical interoperability. The resulting Phase I effort will feed a Wind Tunnel test to validate the Weight and Drag Savings. Additionally, the ability of the launcher to be fabricated will be studied under Phase I. The best solution from the trade studies will be the basis for the follow on Phase II research.

San Diego Composites, Inc.
9550 Ridgehaven Ct
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Rob kolozs
N111-018      Awarded:5/31/2011
Title:Low Drag 2.75 Inch Rocket and Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) Launchers
Abstract:Current LAU Launchers (LAU-68 and LAU-61) are constructed from aluminum tubes and bulkheads but are too heavy and create too much drag for current fixed and rotary wing UAV platforms. SDC has proposed to redesign the LAU 61 and LAU 68 launchers with advanced light weight composite materials in order to reduce weight. SDCs preliminary analysis shows that weight reduction of as much as 65% can be achieved by using composite materials. SDC also has also proposed to design latch doors mechanism that integrates into the forward fairing. These will remain closed aerodynamic position and will open only upon rocket egress. The hatches will be designed to automatically shut closed in the presence of flight headwind and close after rocket has fired, maintaining their original aerodynamic shape. By moving away from a frangible fairing design and using automatically closing hatches the original low drag forward fairing is maintained for the return portion of the flight will see that drag is reduced by a factor of 4.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Phillip Whitley
N111-019      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:Minimization of Chronic Back Pain in Military Pilots and Vehicle Occupants
Abstract:Low back pain attributed to piloting military air vehicles is a significant operational and health problem. The major contributors of lumbar pain have been thought to be seating, task posture and vibration. As the asymptomatic pilot starts to experience pain, repeated painful episodes lead to pain sensitization and chronic pain with possible damage. At this stage pilot readiness is reduced and operational availability may be impacted. Improving the pilot’s operational situation and health protection may be accomplished through improvements in crew station, seating, procedure enhancements, training, and other means. Because of limitations of human pain experiments mathematical modeling of spinal biomechanics and pain neurobiology may provide invaluable help in prediction and mitigation of back pain in military pilots, and operators of combat vehicles. We propose to integrate existing FEM biomechanics models of a human body and spine with mathematical models of pain neurobiology and use them to analyze them to simulate a response of an occupant to the inertial and positional stressors. The pain model will combine mechanical, physiological and biochemical mechanisms of nociception, neuronal transmission, sensitization and perception of pain in spinal structures including intervertebral discs, spinal nerves, ligaments and muscles and facets. . This multi-scale human body, spinal column and pain model will be used to "expose" a simulated occupant to various loads: inertial, vibration, seating (geometry and cushions), restraints, and protective clothing/equipment. The validated model will be used for Use the model to analyze existing operational procedures and propose improved operational guidelines.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4629
Xiong Liu
N111-019      Awarded:3/10/2011
Title:An Integrated Back Pain Assessment Framework based on Spine Biomechanics and Probabilistic Reasoning
Abstract:Back pain is a critical problem for military air crews. As mission durations often exceed the original operational window for which the seating systems were designed, crews are susceptible to both acute and chronic discomfort and pain. Studies have shown that spinal loading and movement have a significant influence on pain. Other studies have linked back pain to anthropometric factors, work related factors, and health history. Yet our knowledge of how spine biomechanics and degenerative change affect or cause pain is limited. A better understanding of the relationship between spine pain and the biomechanical factors unique to military air crews is needed to inform the development of effective prevention and seat design strategies for back disorders. To address this critical challenge, the IAI team proposes to develop a novel framework for back pain assessment that will systematically model and analyze back pain by exploiting spine biomechanics and probabilistic reasoning. The envisioned end-product will be a pain assessment and seat design tool which integrates biomechanical simulation techniques, probabilistic modeling, experimental data, empirical studies, and optimization techniques to offer effective decision making in minimizing chronic back pain.

Lambda Science, Inc.
P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 581-7940
Joseph Teti
N111-020      Awarded:4/22/2011
Title:Detection and Tracking of Small Boats and Semi-Submersibles in the Littoral
Abstract:Detection of small boats and semi-submersibles in the littoral environment is very challenging as a result of the very strong and persistent backscatter from the ocean surface. Detection modes that employ long dwell coherent processing are a promising approach to achieving reliable low false alarm rate detection of this class of surface vessels in a littoral environment. A penalty of utilizing long coherent dwell detection modes is a reduction in area coverage rate. The reduction in area coverage rate can be minimized by careful mode design/parameterization that is well matched to exploit environmental and look direction dependent scattering phenomenology based on the use of in-situ sensor measurements. It is envisioned that this overall capability would be kernelled within a sensor resource manager for use in the field. A related critical aspect that conditions the design space is the architecture of the sensor. The sensor architecture may be mechanically scanned single or dual phase center (monopulse), or a multi-phase center fixed or mechanically scanned AESA. Since the azimuth antenna baseline dimension and number of phase centers play an important role in establishing endoclutter performance in some processing schemes, its impact will also be considered as part of this SBIR effort.

POC Tech Group
41928 Sara Ann Court
Leonardtown, MD 20650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 242-0248
Victor Chen
N111-020      Awarded:4/22/2011
Title:Detection and Tracking of Small Boats and Semi-Submersibles in the Littoral
Abstract:We propose to develop an innovative adaptive array processing and CFAR detection technique for the detection, discrimination, and tracking of small vessels in high sea state. The proposed technology will use MTI array processor/adaptive CFAR detector with time- varying (temporal) Doppler signatures to characterize small vessels and sea clutter. We will perform detailed analysis and modeling to assess the feasibility of the array processor/CFAR detector. Temporal Doppler features of vessels will be used as new features for the detection and discrimination. During Phase I, the adaptive array processor and data driven CFAR detector will be developed along with an architecture and an approach for implementing the architecture on current radar system. The transmitter/receiver array provides electronic steering and beam-forming. During Phase I Option, we will develop detailed designs for the components of the array processor/CFAR detector, investigate the use of wakes for vessel features and the use of two-site radar system for estimating motion kinematics of the vessel. During Phase II we will verify the detailed design, layout the components, simulate for functionality and timing, test the performance and reliability of adaptive processor/detector, and verify the entire radar adaptive processor/detector design.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 213-5579
Sidney Theis
N111-020      Awarded:4/22/2011
Title:Detection and Tracking of Small Boats and Semi-Submersibles in the Littoral
Abstract:RDRTec Inc. proposes to develop innovative coherent temporal processing techniques and radar modes that detect, discriminate, and track small boats and semi-submersible vessels in the presence of highly variable Doppler spectra characteristics that occur in the littoral sea clutter environment.

Integrity Applications Incorporated
5180 Parkstone Drive Suite 260
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 997-7436
James Georges
N111-021      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Compact High Spatial Resolution Airborne Optical System
Abstract:The Navy relies on airborne Electro-Optical / Infrared (EOIR) ISR platforms for detecting, classifying, and identifying targets and threats. For a given range to target, large apertures yield higher resolution and small apertures yield lower resolution. The downside is that large apertures are costly, heavy, and less aerodynamic. Integrity Applications Incorporated (IAI) proposes to investigate and demonstrate an airborne tactical design that delivers resolution greater than four times the size of the imaging aperture. This design is based on a revolutionary capability recently demonstrated and submitted for a patent by IAI. The design is superior to others because it is less complex, delivers a larger field of view, and derives MOCOMP data directly from the collected imagery data. In the proposed effort, we will develop and demonstrate a visible waveband, compact synthetic aperture imaging system. We will modify our current demonstration system to have flight-like geometry, demonstrate utility on complex targets and scenes, determine the limitations beyond four times the traditional resolution, and deliver a report that investigates retrofitting our system into common Navy Airborne tactical imaging systems. This will allow Navy airborne platforms to deliver robust intelligence products while maintaining safe and covert stand-off distances.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 376-0989
Dave Pechner
N111-021      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Compact High Spatial Resolution Airborne Optical System
Abstract:SA Photonics' Hy-SAR system is an active laser based imaging system utilizing synthetic aperture signal processing techniques to provide 5-10x improvement in image spatial resolution relative to a relatively sized passive system. The Hy-SAR system utilizes a unique RF modulation scheme that is extremely linear eliminating the need of path length matched reference channels and other complex compensation schemes. The Hy-SAR system leverages SA Photonics extensive experience in developing and delivering systems for coherent optical communications, coherent LIDAR detection and tracking, RF modulated LIDAR imaging, high-speed precision beam steering for advanced seeker applications, and extremely small, high update-rate precision fiber optic gyroscopes for image stabilization applications.

Wavefront
7 Johnston Circle
BASKING RIDGE, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 558-4806
Jie Yao
N111-021      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Long-Range Synthetic Aperture Lidar for 2-D Spatial Resolution Higher than Optical Diffraction Limit and 3-D Mapping
Abstract:Ground resolution is a critical parameter of an airborne surveillance system, whether it is a ground radar or an optical camera. The synthetic aperture (SA) method has proven extremely successful in Radio Frequency (RF) radars to achieve spatial resolution significantly higher than that of the diffraction limit of the physical aperture of the imaging system, yet realization of the same concept in an optical camera has been limited to the laboratory setting at the best. No practically feasible optical long-range SA imaging system has been designed and reported.We propose a novel and practical Long-Range Synthetic Aperture LIDAR (SA-LIDAR) for optical imaging with resolution 5x higher than the physical aperture diffraction limit. Just like any active sensors, the long-range SA-LIDAR needs a high sensitivity photo-detector, and hence we also propose our Photon Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) InGaAs Short-Wave Infrared (SWIR) Camera.During Phase I, we will numerically and experimentally prove the fundamental concepts of the SA-LIDAR and the PCIC detector. In Phase II, we will implement this SA-LIDAR technology with our PCIC focal plane array technology to deliver high-resolution high-sensitivity SA-LIDAR system for aerial surveillance applications, will and demonstrate enhanced ground resolution 5x beyond the optical diffraction limit.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
14585 Avion Pwy Suite 200
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Bob Smarrelli
N111-022      Awarded:4/11/2011
Title:Intelligent Proxies for Automated Mission Planning
Abstract:3 Phoenix, Inc (3Pi) and Monterey Technologies, Inc. (MTI) propose an innovative Automated Mission Planning System (AMPS), which combines the development of an intuitive Operator-Machine Interface (OMI) and an adaptive data fusion algorithm operating under a web based Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). The AMPS is based on the creation and continual update of a fusion database that can be utilized by the Mission Planner through the OMI. The technique will be to combine the richly varying information available from diverse sources such as target location, target imagery, METOC data, terrain information, available weapons and platform capabilities and even other intel sources to create inputs to the adaptive data fusion engine. The fusion engine will update and maintain the fusion database, which is essentially a geospatial representation of all that is known about the mission requirements and mission parameters.

3 Sigma Research, Inc.
503 S. River Oaks Dr.
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 674-9267
Aaron Wheeler
N111-022      Awarded:4/11/2011
Title:Intelligent Proxies for Automated Mission Planning
Abstract:An individual ATO may become very large and complex because of the scope of a mission. The scale of information significantly challenges mission planners to ensure the availability of necessary equipment, configurations, and personnel at locations within reach of the mission target. Optimal flight route and re-planning requires finding time-sensitive routes from sortie base locations to targets that avoid restricted airspaces and account for continually changing weather and threat positions. 3 Sigma Research develops a novel solution called the Semantic Air Tasking Order Reasoner (SATOR) to organize and search for mission information for individual for Air Tasking Orders (ATO). The benefits of our unique solution include 1) human-like reasoning to find aircraft, configurations, personnel, and other resources required by the ATO, 2) optimal flight route planning for mission sorties, and 3) real time alerts to notify mission planners and pilots.

SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC.
13619 Valley Oak Circle
ROCKVILLE, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 505-2641
Chiman Kwan
N111-022      Awarded:4/11/2011
Title:Intelligent Decision Agent (IDA) for Automated Mission Planning
Abstract:Advanced Mission Management (AMM) requires Automated Mission Planning (AMP) capability that, in turn, dictates the need to have tools for intelligent fusion of multi-source data for situational awareness, human-like reasoning for optimal mission plans (course-of- action (COA)) determination, and optimal plan adjustment when situation changes are detected and threats are recognized.We propose to develop a versatile software toolset for AMP based on new classes of Intelligent Agents that can learn, adapt, reason and make appropriate decisions from the input data and the assigned task, under the current situation- context and resource constraints. Basically, the agent architecture follows the human Observe-Orient-Decide-Act (OODA) intelligence decision loop that can be mapped into the well-known Beliefs-Desires-Intentions (BDI) agent architecture. Furthermore, the reasoning capability of our intelligent agents will exploit the peculiar characteristics of causal graphs (e.g., Fuzzy Cognitive Map - FCM), Case-Based Reasoning (CBR), and Behavior-Based Control System (BBCS) concept to efficiently assist decision-makers (DM) in AMP tasks. Changes in the operational environment and resources availability will be monitored through real-time situational awareness and Mission Plan adjustment, if required, will be automatically generated. The optimal mission task assignment will be performed by auction- based algorithms.

Auriga Measurement Systems LLC
650 Suffolk Street Suite410
Lowell, MA 01854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 441-1117
John Muir
N111-023      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Thermal Management of Highly Integrated Radio Frequency (RF) Electronics
Abstract:Modern RF electronics such as those used in airborne active electronically scanned array (AESA) based radar systems employ high-power density, high-temperature electronic devices requiring advanced thermal management technology. For optimal operation, these devices, in particular the transmit/receive (T/R) modules in an array, need to efficiently dissipate significant quantities of heat and maintain accurate temperature control across the array. Auriga Measurement Systems (Auriga) has been developing a solution to these thermal issues that utilizes a new approach to the chip and module design. We will develop a plan to reduce the heat generation both at the module level and power distribution in the array. This includes efficiency improvement of the gallium nitride (GaN) PA, maximizing array efficiency by power tapering, reduction of power dissipation in the LNA and reducing power losses by adopting a distributed power supply system. Overall goal of the effort is to reduce the heat generation in the module and power distribution by a factor of 2. These concepts and designs will be demonstrated as proof of concept prototypes in Phase I and Phase I Option. We will develop a full-scale development and assessment plan on an array concept identified by the Navy.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
N111-023      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Thermal Management of Highly Integrated Radio Frequency (RF) Electronics
Abstract:Sophisticated radar antennas such as an active electronically scanned aperture (AESA) are used to support acquisition and tracking in multiple modes over wide bandwidths, monopulse tracking, and Sense and Avoid RADAR (SAA) for UAV applications. These multi-function radar systems are small but require a considerable amount of power, which in turn produces a significant amount of heat. For these systems to be practical they must be lightweight and affordable while managing thermal loads to meet mission critical levels of reliability and performance.The proposed program will focus on efficient RF manifold technologies and integration architectures which will enable the next generation of low cost, high performance airborne phased arrays. Traditionally, airborne phased arrays have been restricted to only the highest performance applications. This architecture utilizes an innovative RF manifold where high efficiency components and specialized structuring reduce thermal resistance and optimize airflow through the heat sink. The FIRST RF architecture increases thermal transfer to the surrounding air. This approach represents a breakthrough in simple, low- cost, air-cooled phased arrays, and combines our strengths in high performance antenna design, manifold design.

Thermacore, Inc.
780 Eden Road
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 519-3134
Mark North
N111-023      Awarded:4/26/2011
Title:Capillary Metered, Actively Pumped Two-Phase Cooling for AESA Arrays
Abstract:Capillary Metered, Actively Pumped Two-Phase Cooling for AESA Arrays. Two Phase cooling minimizes required mass flow and isothermalizes the AESA array. Active pumping allows long distance transport to reject to ambient air at convenient location. Capillary structure provides coolant to each element proportional to its power. The combination can be miniaturized and modularized to the desired mm spacing and can be fabricated in silicon for direct integration with electronics.

Integument Technologies, Inc.
72 Pearce Avenue
Tonawanda, NY 14150
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 873-1199
Terrence Vargo
N111-024      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Innovative Approaches for Utilizing Carbon Nanotube Technology (CNT) in Anti-Corrosion Coatings
Abstract:Integument will utilize a unique nanoinfusion technology that allows us to effectively coat Carbon Nanotubes (CNT's)with various environmentally benign corrosion inhibitors. In addition, Integument Technologies will team with Boyce Components, in order to demonstrate a proprietary mixing technology that allows us to effectively blend CNT's Carbon Fibers and Carbon platelets into various polymeric resins including aircraft grade urethane and epoxy paints. Our proposed Phase I effort will fabricate an epoxy polyamide primer coating system having CNT's functionalized with corrosion inhibitors. the objective is to meet Navy requirements specified by MIL-PRF-23377J for a primer coating system that is environmentally benign with superior corrosion protection.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2505
James Garrett
N111-024      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Innovative Approaches for Utilizing Carbon Nanotube Technology (CNT) in Anti-Corrosion Coatings
Abstract:The key responsibility of aerospace coatings systems has been, historically, to protect the airframe from environmental damage. As the roles and materials of modern tactical aircraft have evolved, the coating systems that protect them have become significantly more complicated. To address the need for a corrosion inhibiting primer to meet demanding environmental and operational requirements, Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes to develop an aerospace primer containing a blend of nanocarbon particles and non-chrome inhibitors that will provide conductivity and long range corrosion inhibition. The proposed coating technology will be formulated for conventional spray application, but with rheological properties that allow for touch-up brush application with desirable flow and leveling properties that do not drip or run. A binder providing strong substrate and intercoat adhesion, and mechanical strength, will be utilized. After application, the coating will cure under ambient conditions, and meet dry time and recoat window requirements outlined in MIL-PRF-23377J.

NanoLab, Inc.
179 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 609-2722
David CArnahan
N111-024      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Innovative Approaches for Utilizing Carbon Nanotube Technology (CNT) in Anti-Corrosion Coatings
Abstract:The Navy needs coatings that offer improved corrosion resistance compared to the current state of the art, and if these coatings can also offer tailorable conductivity, this would be a substantial benefit for some applications. Conductivity is essential for some components to serve their mission, while the improved corrosion resistance should enable longer service life for all components. The water borne corrosion resistant primers under the MIL-PRF- 85582 specification is a two component formulations using an epoxy-polyamide chemistry. NanoLab will work within this specification to create a carbon nanotube reinforced version. NanoLab will use its existing equipment and expertise to determine the concentration, amount of chemical functionalization and the concentration of other additives that are required to create a primer that outperforms the chromium based versions of the existing primer. We will utilize Westmoreland for salt spray testing, and have indentified a potential partner for Phase II manufacture of the primer.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 213-5579
Sidney Theis
N111-025      Awarded:5/6/2011
Title:Collision Avoidance Decision Making in the Face of Uncertainty
Abstract:This effort is to develop and prove the feasibility of techniques that accurately characterize the tracker errors when predicting the target’s future position. This is the essence of optimal UAS sense decision making processes in the presence of non-cooperative aircraft.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Jovan Boskovic
N111-025      Awarded:5/5/2011
Title:Fast On-line Prediction of Aircraft State Trajectories using Integrated Information (FORECAST-II)
Abstract:SSCI and RDR Tec propose to develop and implement an on-board Fast On-line pREdiCtion of Aircraft State Trajectories using Integrated Information (FORECAST II) system, as a part of a future comprehensive Integrated Collision Avoidance System (ICAS). The main feature of the FORECAST II system is that it will be based on quantification of uncertainty arising from the use of an on-board radar, and due to unanticipated motion of a threat aircraft. The proposed system will minimize false alarms and missed detections and facilitate timely decision-making regarding the implementation of avoidance maneuvers or deconfliction strategies. In Phase I the FORECAST II system will be tested on simplified dynamic models of an onboard radar and MQ-8B Firescout unmanned autonomous helicopter. In the base period of Phase I the focus will be on problem formulation, development of a state estimation and prediction models, FORECAST II design and implementation, and initial performance evaluation, while in the option period further performance testing will be carried out.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Dan Gutchess
N111-026      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:Feature Adaptation via Multispectral Extraction (FAME)
Abstract:Tracking ground targets using full motion video (FMV) turrets is critically important to reconnaissance and targeting operations. A reliable automated system to track designated targets would free the sensor operator to perform secondary tasks, such as communicating intelligence to commanders. Current systems have not demonstrated sufficient reliability to gain the users’ trust, working well under some conditions, but breaking under others. To help improve the reliability of FMV trackers, we propose an approach called Feature Adaptation via Multispectral Extraction (FAME), which adapts the feature sets used by the tracker based on operating conditions (time of day, sensor depression angle, etc.) An off-line learning phase is used to model tracking reliability improvements from varying feature combinations across different operating conditions, and the model is applied at run-time to select the best features to use. FAME also adaptively selects among multiple spectral bands based on operating conditions. The system will be demonstrated using video data from commonly- available sensors, such as infrared and the color channels from an electro-optical sensor, but the approach is extensible to an arbitrary number of image channels. FAME’s tracking algorithm uses a particle filter to model target uncertainty, incorporate geospatial knowledge, and fuse measurements from multiple sensors/spectral bands.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 326-2915
Jeffrey Silver
N111-026      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:EOIR Multi-Sensor Fusion Tracker Algorithm MP 08-11
Abstract:We will employ fine grain registration and Likelihood ratio and detection to fuse multiple wave bands at the sensor level

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Andrew Brown
N111-026      Awarded:5/12/2011
Title:EO/IR Multi-Sensor Fusion Tracker Algorithm
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes research and development to maximize exploitation of co-boresighted multi-sensor EO/IR video, based on an innovative Bayesian track-before- detect algorithm. Statistical background modeling is performed to optimize clutter suppression, and estimated moving target likelihoods are integrated over time, without thresholding, in a non-linear particle filter. Toyon’s proposed algorithm includes multiple- target feature-aided data association via a novel Multiple-Frame Soft-Assignment Solver (MFSAS) developed in a Belief Propagation framework for computationally efficient estimation of probabilistic associations in large-scale tracking problems. Following successful development in Phase I and II, the resulting EO/IR multi-sensor fusion and tracking device is expected to be capable of real-time airborne processing of multiple unregistered video feeds within EO/IR turret SWaP constraints, based on a parallel processing architecture composed of a heterogeneous mix of embedded processors.

Intuitive Research and Technology Corporation
5030 Bradford Drive, NW Building 2, Suite 205
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-9300
Wayne McCain
N111-027      Awarded:6/20/2011
Title:Innovative Ignition System Technologies for Advanced Tactical Solid Rocket Motors
Abstract:INTUITIVE proposes to identify, develop, and demonstrate Innovative Ignition System Technologies (I2ST) for Advanced Tactical Solid Rocket Motors (SRMs), that can be utilized with advanced Sidewinder, AMRAAM, HARM, and other Navy/DoD missile system applications. These ignition system technologies must be capable of meeting the unique requirements of advanced, heavily-loaded, end-burning, multiple-pulse tactical solid rocket motors in the 5-10 inch diameter range. Development of synergistic ignition system concepts, ballistic modeling, and supporting trade studies will be required that lead to down- select of optimal technologies capable of being integrated into a baseline air-launched missile system. The proposed Phase I effort will develop concepts for such technologies, conduct trade studies, ballistics modeling, and feasibility studies and select the most promising technologies for demonstration during a Phase II effort. Our Phase I effort will culminate with a detailed Phase II Plan. A proposed Phase I Option will enable further documentation of the conceptual design(s), conduct of engineering breadboard/technology verification tests, and preparation of the drawings/specifications necessary for Phase II prototype functional demonstrations. Our Phase I efforts will concentrate on ignition system technologies meeting the full requirements of MIL-STD-1901A, MIL-STD-2105C, MIL- STD-810F, and other applicable standards. Other promising advanced or emerging technologies may also be addressed.

Knobley Technical Associates LLC
510 State Route 956
Rocket Center, WV 26726
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 726-5419
Louis Miltenberger
N111-027      Awarded:6/20/2011
Title:Innovative Ignition System Technologies for Advanced Tactical Solid Rocket Motors
Abstract:Knobley Technical Associates Phase I Innovative Ignition System Technologies for Advanced Solid Rocket Motors proposed program will identify and evaluate emerging innovative technologies leading to the feasibility demonstration of the selected system in a prototype low-cost and reliable ignition system for use in multi-pulse, end-burning solid propellant rocket motors. The program consists of an ignition system concept design/trade study in which a matrix of types and configuration of primary igniter charges, initiator types, transmission lines and transmission line installations will be defined and evaluated as candidates for use in a MIL STD 2105C insensitive munitions and MIL STD 1901A compliant multi-pulse ignition system.Pyrotechnic, pyrogen and rapid deflagrating cord type primary ignition materials and charge configurations compatible with the starter and rate augmented end-burning grains of multi-pulse tactical rocket motors will be evaluated. Likewise, an array of applicable initiator technologies including: electrically activated bridge-wire and Low Energy Exploding Foil Deflagrating Initiators (LEEFI), laser activated initiators, shock tube tip initiators and the emerging MEMS based initiator-ignition safety device systems will be evaluated as candidates for the highly loaded grain pulse motor application. The study will evaluate candidate power transmission lines and packaging arrangements of various types: i.e. insulated wires, low-inductance strip lines, fiber optics and shock tubes that extend from the forward-end mounted multi-function ISD's or alternate power source to the initiator/igniter charge positions. Assessments of the technology readiness level, producibility, reliability, and projected development and production cost for each of the most promising ignition systems will be completed. KTA will design and demonstrate the functionality and feasibility of the most promising candidate innovative igniter system as part of the Phase I Option program

Space Propulsion Group, Inc
760 San Aleso Ave.
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 541-1481
Brian Evans
N111-027      Awarded:6/20/2011
Title:Innovative Ignition System Technologies for Advanced Tactical Solid Rocket Motors
Abstract:Space Propulsion Group, Inc (SPG) proposes to conduct investigations on ignition and barrier systems for multi-pulse rocket motors. The benefits of the proposed work is the reliable ignition of propellant grains under various free chamber volume conditions and the ability to terminate thrust generation for a desired amount of time following discrete propellant grain burnout. Capability to operate with multiple thrust pulses without the complexity of staging is beneficial for reducing propulsion system costs and increasing mission flexibility. The ability to terminate propulsive thrust following propellant grain combustion relies on the ability to physically and thermally isolate the discrete propellant grains. The significantly different chamber conditions at the start of each of the individual pulses require a separate approach for ignition. An ignition system that can be tailored to the initial conditions of each propellant grain allows great flexibility in selecting mission profiles. The Phase I work considers the development of the igniter system for discrete pulses and a pulse separation device. Evaluation and design of potential igniter systems as well as design and preliminary testing of the pulse separation device will be conducted.

Integrity Applications Incorporated
5180 Parkstone Drive Suite 260
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 997-7436
James Georges
N111-028      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Wavefront Sensing for Tactical Systems
Abstract:The Navy is responsible for providing maritime security from terrorist and rogue state actors. As technology progresses, these threats obtain increasingly powerful weapons that may be concealed in smaller packages. The Navy relies heavily on EOIR sensors mounted on airborne tactical platforms to detect, identify, and classify these threats. The challenging tactical environment faced by these sensors includes platform vibration and altitude and airflow-induced temperature gradients which produces large time-varying optical alignment errors. Furthermore, tactical system manufacturing is subject to high-tempo production schedules and cost constraints which do not allow the use of exotic materials or lengthy alignment procedures. For these reasons, current airborne tactical systems have significantly reduced information content. A cost effective solution is to monitor these wavefront errors for feedback and compensation in order to improve information content. This requires a large-amplitude extended-scene wavefront sensor (WFS) with no active beacon to maintain covert capability. Integrity Applications Incorporated proposes to investigate and demonstrate an extended-scene large amplitude, variable strength, EOIR WFS capable of tactical operation. This sensor will be a key component in the solution that restores the degraded resolution of EOIR tactical systems. This will enable identification, detection and classification of smaller objects from larger standoff distances.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
N111-028      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Plenoptic Wavefront Sensing for Tactical Systems
Abstract:Wavefront sensors for adaptive-optics systems have traditionally been used in conditions where atmospheric turbulence is relatively weak and concentrated near the pupil of the optical system. Several generations of rotating radial grating, Shack-Hartmann, and modal wavefront sensors have been developed and fielded over the last several decades to compensate atmospheric turbulence. More recently, the need to perform adaptive optics compensation for strong and distributed turbulence has kindled interest in new wavefront sensor designs that must perform where the local rms wavefront gradients exceeds several wavelengths per subaperture. In addition, the wavefront sensors are expected to operate passively, using information from a complex scene to determine the refractive distortion. Nanohmics proposes to build, test, and demonstrate a new type of wavefront sensor that measures the four-dimensional light field. The design of the sensor is reminiscent of an extended-scene Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor, but operates in a completely different manner that is suitable for the measurement of large wavefront gradients in an extended, passive scene, even in the presence of significant scintillation. The concept originates from previous work done in the area of plenoptic imaging, and parallels more recent work done with light-field photography and passive rangefinding.

Banpil Photonics, Inc.
2953 Bunker Hill Lane Suite 400
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 282-3628
Achyut Dutta
N111-029      Awarded:5/5/2011
Title:Miniature Ultraviolet (UV) Laser Source below 280 nanometers (nm)
Abstract:This small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop innovative miniaturized deep-ultraviolet (UV) laser source module capable to provide average output power of more than 1.0 Watt at the peak wavelength of 266 nm (treated as solar blind less than 280 nm). The laser source is integrated into the small-form factor telecom standard 14- pins butterfly package. The miniature and high power UV laser source is needed for LIDAR based imaging system suitable for hand-held, helmet-mountable, or for UAV applications. UV- LIDAR based imaging systems would be able to see though many natural or man-made obscurants. Very small form-factor UV source designs may also offer opportunity for free space communication. To date, as a UV source, mercury lamps and UV-LEDs are available for numerous commercial applications such as water and air purification, bio-medical equipment for diagnosis and therapy etc. However, the lamps and UV-LEDs are not suitable for LIDAR based imaging, as requiring for next generation military system. A goal in Phase- I program is to carry on research and development of proposed miniature UV (266 nm) laser source, to offer high average output power. Banpil will perform: (a) identifying and carrying out the conceptual design, modeling and simulation of the proposed UV laser source, (b) design and simulation of the process for fabricating prototyped UV-laser source, and (c) thermal design to make efficient package for high reliable laser source module to achieve target performance at 300K in Phase-I. Recognizing the vast application potential of Banpil’s miniature UV laser source, several industrial partners have expressed strong interest in using and commercializing this technology. In Phase II, Banpil will work DoD for specific appllication and also with several leading system companies, as a part of commercialization of the UV-laser source technology.

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 491-7208
Ryan McClintock
N111-029      Awarded:5/5/2011
Title:Development of III-Nitride Based 280 nm Lasers
Abstract:Unfortunately, existing AlGaN based ultraviolet laser diodes with wavelengths much shorter than 340 nm suffer from poor performance. This is partially due to the fact that most of the existing research has focused on growth of InGaN lasers on GaN based templates, but a large part is also due to material and processing issues unique to deep UV lasers. New approaches to achieving III-Nitride 280 nm lasers are needed to meets the Navy’s ambitious goals laid out in this program; it is unlikely that traditional approaches to III-Nitrides will be able to achieve the desired laser performance. Instead it is necessary to develop revolutionarily novel approaches to the growth and fabrication of AlInGaN based UV lasers. To this end, we propose a novel hybrid n-ZnO/AlGaN/p-Si 280 nm UV laser. The objective of this Phase I proposal is to investigate novel techniques required to achieve such a hybrid laser. This objective will be complemented by scientific studies to better understand the physical origins existing performance limitations.

NP Photonics, Inc.
UA Science and Technology Park 9030 S. Rita Road, Suite #120
Tucson, AZ 85747
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 799-7413
Wei Shi
N111-029      Awarded:5/7/2011
Title:Miniature Ultraviolet (UV) Laser Source below 280 nanometers (nm)
Abstract:NP Photonics proposes to develop a miniature UV pulsed laser source operating below 280 nm for NAVY’s applications to counter hostile fire identification (HFI) and degraded visual environments (DVE) by providing superior LIDAR and 3D imaging. The UV laser source is based on a novel IR fiber laser based approach coupled to a harmonic frequency converter. This approach offers transform-limited linewidth, single spatial mode, linearly polarized output, and high optical power with high pulse energy. Superior performance is made possible because of NP’s all fiber-based single-frequency, Q-switched pulsed laser seed and large core highly Yb-doped phosphate fiber amplifiers. A monolithic MOPA-based fiber laser has the advantages of being compact, rugged, reliable, low-cost, and light-weight. The operating wavelength of the IR fiber laser engine is 1030-1080 nm, which then is frequency quadrupled using commercial PPKTP and CLBO crystals in order to deliver light below 280 nm. Using this approach, we propose to demonstrate peak/average power ~100 kW/1-3 W and pulse energy ~ 1 mJ for 2-5 ns pulses with repetition rate of 1-10 kHz; the UV light output will have diffraction-limited beam quality with high frequency and pulse stability, and transform-limited linewidth.

Lambda Science, Inc.
P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 581-7940
Joseph Teti
N111-030      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Optimally Integrate Automated Ship and Small Craft Classification Functions with the Maritime Tactical Picture Tools
Abstract:Surface vessel detection and classification from airborne platforms relies heavily on radar at operationally useful stand off ranges. Upon detection the radar search waveform may be used to accrue additional information about the surface contact for classification but confidence is likely to be insufficient. Improved classification confidence can be gained by follow-on contact interrogation with high range resolution (HRR) waveforms from different look directions. However, the use of HRR waveforms requires increased processing and possibly increased dwell time depending on the HRR waveform characteristics, and how it is integrated with the search function. If HRR interrogation of the contact cannot provide the desired classification confidence, the radar can employ inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) operation at favorable geometries to further improve classification requiring additional increases in dwell time and processing, and the likely interruption of the search operation. In addition to the stand-alone radar sensor products for classification, EO/IR imagery can be used to augment and possibly improve ISAR imagery, subject to suitable geometry and atmospheric conditions. This process of surface vessel classification consumes increasing radar resources, and traditionally takes place with an operator in the loop commanding the radar modes and using visual tools to perform the classification. The functional integration, capability and sophistication of the operator interface and the associated toolset is an important area of increasing development and critical to the successful use of the suite of sensors available to the operator. NAVSEA has recognized the importance of this interface and associated tool set, and they have funded the development of a powerful capability under the Ocean Surveillance Initiative (OSI). OSI is a capable modular architecture with multiple operator-in-the-loop interfaces implied throughout the architecture, and multiple displays to provide an integrated tactical picture of the maritime environment. However, there is virtually no automatic mode or sensor resource management (RM), and no automatic surface contact classification (ACC) tools. The objectives of this SBIR effort are to understand the performance capabilities of the functional modules that comprise the OSI architecture and their associated interface characteristics, and assess the feasibility of integrating RM and ACC capabilities.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 213-5579
Sidney Theis
N111-030      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:Optimally Integrate Automated Ship and Small Craft Classification Functions with the Maritime Tactical Picture Tools
Abstract:A detailed analysis will be accomplished to determine the feasibility of merging the automated ship and small craft classification functions currently under development under separate SBIR Maritime Classification Aids (MCA) efforts with the Ocean Surveillance Initiative (OSI) maritime tactical picture tool.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Darin Knaus
N111-031      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Autonomous Imaging Ultrasound System for Underwater Inspection of Ship Hulls
Abstract:Navy requirements have motivated the need for technologies capable of performing detailed scans over large areas of a ship’s hull for hidden defects. Existing technologies for identifying hull defects underwater primarily involve point measurements of the hull thickness. Applying this technique to a large hull, such as an aircraft carrier’s, can be extremely time consuming and has limited effectiveness, potentially leading to significant defects being missed by the inspection. We propose an ultrasound-based imaging approach that will allow for near-100% inspection of the submerged portion of a ship’s hull with a high level of detection accuracy. The imaging system will be mounted on an autonomous vehicle that will move about the ship’s hull collecting ultrasound image data and processing it to generate hull-plate thickness image data over a majority of the submerged surface of the hull. This approach will minimize manpower and turnaround time for inspections, and significantly increase inspection accuracy. In Phase I, we will develop a detailed design concept for our autonomous imaging ultrasound system, and we will prototype and test the core ultrasound components of the system. In Phase II, we will fabricate and test a full prototype system suitable for laboratory testing and future field trials.

Imperium, Inc.
5901-F Ammendale Road
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 431-2900
Marvin Lasser
N111-031      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Underwater Ultrasound Camera for Real Time Large Area Imaging of Internal Shipboard Pitting
Abstract:Imperium, and its partner Oceaneering, propose a fast, accurate, reliable, underwater hull inspection system based on Imperium’s unique ultrasound camera technology. The proposed device generates images which are striking for its clarity and simplicity. It is based on a patented 2D ultrasound array with 120 rows by 120 columns of individual piezoelectric elements. The device has performance which far exceeds other ultrasound testing systems. Images over an area, or C-scans, appear in real time. The proposed inspection device has resolution far superior to current underwater hull inspection devices and can detect backside corrosion pits 1/8” in size in hull plates 1” in thickness. The system developed under this program will detect 100% of all corrosion pits greater than 1/8” in size and will announce hull corrosion which is greater than 25% of hull thickness, providing capabilities beyond what was requested. The system will also measure precise hull plate thickness using the integrated A-scan ultrasonic sensor. The program will mitigate risk by leveraging 15 years of development. The PI of this project, Dr. Marvin Lasser, is the former Chief Scientist of the Army and Director of Army Research for 17 years with over 45 years of experience in pioneering camera technology.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2502
Robert Lacovara
N111-031      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Large Area Nondestructive Survey of Steel Aircraft Carrier Hulls
Abstract:Steel aircraft carrier hulls are subject to a variety of serious corrosion problems. Corrosion and pitting take place on the interior surface of the hull where inspection is difficult or impractical. Additionally, exterior coatings may or may not impede the difficulty of launching acoustic energy in a hull due to steel’s high acoustic impedance compared to sea water. Exterior inspection requires a method capable of operating submerged, and of detecting pitting, thinning, and cracking throughout the hull thickness. Luna proposes an ultrasonic array technique that will be robust in the marine environment and fast enough for a practical survey of an entire hull. Key to the array technique is a signal processing method called time reversal analysis, which uses a stored model of “ideal” returns to emit a reverse-time signal that is very sensitive to defects in the hull under inspection, but tolerant of array alignment. Such an array may reach scan rates of a square meter in 10 seconds: quickly finding suspect regions needing detailed examination. The result will be a complete survey of the hull for pitting, thinning, and cracks, and storage of the hull state data for comparisons with prior and future surveys.

AmplificationTechnologies, Inc.
1400 Coney Island Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(718) 951-8021
Rafael Ben-Michael
N111-032      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Low Light, Short Wave Infrared, Solid State Photodetector
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of the breakthrough technology of internal Discrete Amplification to design and develop low light level single photon sensitive short wave infrared photodetector. These short wave infrared photodetectors will have very high gain, ultra low noise, high detection efficiency and low reset time in the spectral range of 1 µm to 2.2 µm. The technology of internal Discrete Amplification allows one to achieve the combination of high speed, very high gain, ultra low noise and continuous operation with no dead time between the biasing pulses. The proposed detectors would have performance parameters significantly superior to those of conventional avalanche photodiodes and photomultiplier tubes, and will be designed to meet the low light level photodetector requirements. The expected performance parameters include greater than 20% photon detection efficiency, reset time of less than 150 ns, gain of 100,000 to 1,000,000 and excess noise factor of less than 1.1. It will also have flexibility in the choice of active area size and shape, including the ability to create multi-element photodetector arrays. These new capabilities could lead to important advances in low light level detection, sensing and tacking applications.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2551
Mark Itzler
N111-032      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Single-photon negative feedback APD focal plane array with 2.2 um cutoff wavelength
Abstract:For this SBIR program, we propose to demonstrate a solid state short-wave infrared (SWIR) detector technology with true single photon sensitivity with a cutoff wavelength of at least 2.2 um suitable for integration into large-format focal plane arrays (FPAs). Array pixel designs will include self-quenching negative feedback avalanche diode (NFAD) structures with demonstrated single photon response consisting of avalanche pulses providing effective gains of 10^5 to 10^6 charges. These NFAD avalanche pulses also provide extremely reproducible quantized charge packets characterized by charge excess noise of ~1.08. Extended wavelength response to 2.2 um will be achieved using a novel Type II superlattice absorber that is lattice-matched to InP. The ability to realize this extended wavelength response with an absorber lattice-matched to InP provides high material quality (i.e., low dark count rate) and facilitates the incorporation of best-in-class device design elements already proven for our InP-based single photon detectors operating in Geiger mode, such as the NFAD structures. This approach also ensures a rapid integration of these novel 2.2 um pixel designs into large-format arrays that leverage our past success in realizing high- performance arrays of Geiger-mode avalanche diodes as large as 128 x 32.

Inovati
PO Box 60007
Santa Barbara, CA 93160
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 571-8384
Ralph Tapphorn
N111-033      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Fixed and Portable Kinetic Metallization Systems for Dimensional Restoration Repairs
Abstract:Dimensional restoration repair of salvageable and consumable submarine and shipboard components have the potential to significantly reduce maintenance cost and turn around times for the Navy Fleet Readiness Centers and Intermediate Maintenance Facilities. Trident Trim Pumps used by Naval Undersea Warfare Center provide an opportunity to demonstrate these savings on pump lobes, cones, and motor casing components damaged by corrosion or wear. Kinetic Metallization (KM) is a low temperature impact spray deposition process that enables dimensional restoration repairs without affecting the heat treatment and temper of the parts. The deposition process uses a low-pressure (< 150 psig) sonic nozzle design that provides comparable performance of supersonic high-pressure cold spray systems at a fraction of the cost. Inovati is the sole US manufacturer of fixed and portable KM tools that meet MIL-STD-3021 for restoration repairs of military components. The objective of the proposed research is to investigate and develop conceptual designs and powder feedstock using Kinetic Metallization technology and tools to enable dimensional restoration repairs of the Trident Trim Pump components as well as and other high value submarine and shipboard components.

Technology Applications Group, Inc.
810 S. 48th St.
Grand Forks, ND 58201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(701) 746-1818
William Gorman
N111-033      Awarded:8/16/2011
Title:Supersonic Cold Spray Repair System
Abstract:Abstract: This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will evaluate the feasibility of using Supersonic Cold Spray (SCS) technology to repair consumable submarine and surface ship components such as pump lodes, impellers, cones, and motor casings. These units are made from red brass or bronze materials and are very expensive and past history has shown that these units cannot be repaired by conventional means. As a consequence, the Navy is forced to return to the foundries for new castings. Dealing with these vendors has been difficult. Common complaints include:• Tooling is hard to get• Cost of castings is extremely expensive in small quantities. Some foundries often "no quote" small quantity orders• Vendors increase prices to unreasonable levels for replacement parts• Lead times are often very long, in some cases up to 48 weeksTechnology Applications Group, Inc. (TAG) and team members proposes to develop novel cold spray repair techniques (fixed and portable) for the repair of these critical parts at on-shore and on-ship repair facilities. A systems approach using supersonic cold spray (SCS) repair technology will help fulfill this need by providing a method for salvaging parts, reducing high casting scrap rates and OEM schedule delays. Initial work will revolve around the use of red brass and bronze powder in a SCS system to restore dimensional loss, corrosion pitting and wear erosion areas. Additionally, TAG proposes to use SCS in order to deposit a surface layer created from custom alloys that are far more resistant to the types of wear the Navy sees on its pump components. The technology is currently available to apply much more corrosion and erosion resistant materials to a metal substrate if situation calls for it. Alternate coatings may be a better long term, cost effective solution for the Navy and allow this proposal to present an innovative solution to the current problem. This proposal will not only try to help Navy personnel repair their priming pump parts but make them last far beyond the existing service life that they see in the real world. Lastly, TAG and its team members will evaluate the feasibility of a multi-use SCS systems capable of fixed and portable repairs and develop a conceptual design.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Brandon Passmore
N111-034      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Development of a high performance, cost effective GaN power amplifier packaging for transmit/receive modules
Abstract:The basic building block for phased array radar systems is based on a transmit/receive module containing MMICs for control and amplification of both transmit and receive paths. The cost, performance, and reliability of these modules have been plagued due to limitations in power amplifier packaging designs. Currently, a cavity-mount approach is utilized that minimizes parasitics and reduces thermal resistance from the power amplifier to cold plate using a heat spreader insert. However, the materials and attach methods involved in this package are costly and limit the performance of each power amplifier. In this proposal, APEI, Inc. will leverage its previous research expertise to develop a high performance GaN power amplifier package consisting of low cost heat spreader and die attach materials. In addition, a new packaging scheme is proposed that can potentially reduce the junction temperature by one-third compared to current packaging techniques.

Omega Micro Technologies, Inc.
3495 Kent Avenue, Suite M100
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 775-1011
Jacob Smelser
N111-034      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:High Thermal Performance Gallium Nitride Power Amplifier and Transmit/Receive Module Packaging
Abstract:The development of Wide Bandgap Semiconductors such as GaN has enabled tremendous improvements in power amplifier performance such as operational frequency and output power. These device improvements have in turn enabled performance and capability improvements in the end applications such as EW systems and radar T/R modules. The advances in device technology have not come without their own set of limitations which must yet be overcome. One issue that plagues equipment designers is the need for improved thermal efficiency which is exacerbated by the continuing requirement for smaller equipment footprints combined with increased functionality. While the development of ceramic multi- layer technologies has allowed smaller footprints to be realized through embedded circuitry and denser packaging, the thermal conductivity of such packages has not kept pace with the device technology itself. With the increased power densities expected from newer device technologies, a new method of multi-layer packaging is proposed which will take into account not just the substrate itself, but also the final package into which the modules will be mounted, the newer material sets available, and the manufacturing processes required all the way from initial substrate fabrication through final module assembly.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Donald Kimball
N111-035      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:High Performance Cost Effective Circulators/Isolators
Abstract:As the demand for wideband electronic warfare systems and S to X band radar for Navy’s shipboard applications grows, it becomes more important to create innovative and cost effective high performance circulators/isolators to isolate the power amplifier from load impedance variations and to allow the temporal overlap of sent and received pulses for more advanced radar operations. Maxentric proposes a passive ferromagnetic circulator design with composite materials. Along with a partial-empirical approach to the design in Phase I, this circulator will support the wide instantaneous bandwidth operation with low insertion loss.

TeraSys Technologies LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 198
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 469-4257
Kevin Miyashiro
N111-035      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Low Cost Wideband Quasi Circulator MMIC
Abstract:We propose to develop a wideband 2-12GHz Quasi Circulator Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit (MMIC) that is less than 40% of the cost of conventional circulators. The Phase I effort will perform the preliminary design of the Quasi Circulator.

Bay Materials, LLC
3700 Haven Court
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 566-0800
Ray Stewart
N111-036      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Advanced Anodes for Corrosion Control Systems for Complex Geometries
Abstract:Polymeric Nano-composite anode materials for use in impressed current cathodic protection systems will be developed using novel carbon composite materials that are capable of high current densities, exhibit increased chemical resistance and can be formed into varied custom shapes to simply installation and improve protection of naval vessels and offshore structures.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2517
Rob Klein
N111-036      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Advanced Anodes for Corrosion Control Systems for Complex Geometries
Abstract:Ocean vessels require cathodic protection of their hulls, tanks, and flooded spaces to prevent corrosion at coating defects. Impressed current cathodic protection (ICCP) systems may be used in place of sacrificial anodes, especially for hard-to-repair locations and improved electromagnetic signature control. Current ICCP anodes, although highly efficient, have poor mechanical durability and are frequently damaged during unexpected impact loads. The Luna team proposes to develop new ICCP anode materials that will offer robust mechanical properties in addition to highly efficient electrical and electrochemical performance. Such anode materials will have the capability to withstand unexpected impact loads with minimal damage. The proposed Phase I would include design, modeling, fabrication, and evaluation of improved ICCP anode materials by applying metrics for fracture toughness, current and voltage carrying capacity, electrochemical stability, service life predictions, and others. Phase II would involve further prototype fabrication and begin the process of commercial scale-up and validation.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Benjamin Burnett
N111-037      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Multiple Interface Modeling and Simulation Application (MIMoSA)
Abstract:Combat systems consist of a diverse mix of sensors, weapons, control systems, and display subsystems operating in a federated fashion. Typically, subsystems maintain high fidelity synthetic simulations for their sensor level interfaces; however, simulations of control system and weapon system interfaces for test, certification and training are of limited fidelity, allowing for syntactic, semantic, and timing mismatches. In addition, existing tools for modeling and simulating these interfaces are difficult to use, are too broad in scope, and require lengthy development times. Architecture Technology Corporation will develop the Multiple Interface Modeling and Simulation Application (MIMoSA), which uses high level architecture (HLA) to provide high-fidelity interface modeling and simulation capabilities to developers of Navy combat systems. MIMoSA captures interfaces between platform combat system elements, creates object code for federate models, and uses a program called the Sequencer to automatically feed synchronous and asynchronous communication data to an HLA simulation which can validate interface transactions. The functionality developed will allow developers to test the semantics and syntax of communications between federates, to employ effectively and efficiently user-defined algorithms for federate interaction, to support synchronization with other simulations, and to prevent changes and additions from impacting simulation fidelity.

Innovative Defense Technologies
4401 Wilson Boulevard Suite 810
Arlington, VA 22203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 807-0055
Bernie Gauf
N111-037      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Modeling and Simulation Technologies Development for Combat System Integration and Certification
Abstract:The Navy’s systems today are largely software based and growing in complexity. However, despite the advances in development practices and tools, the goals of accelerating the rate at which systems can be delivered and reducing their costs cannot be met by simply writing software faster without comparable improvement in the practices and tools for modeling, simulation, and testing the software. Current simulation capabilities to support combat system integration and testing often are very limited especially for control and weapon’s system interfaces. As a result, tests are constrained to simple verification that if a message is properly populated and sent at an expected message rate in an expected sequence, the system under test responds as expected. The simulation capabilities often are also hard to keep up to date and as a result fall behind changes made to the tactical system. The ability to provide a robust simulation capability will provide key technology that is necessary to support the Navy’s desire to deliver capability to the Fleet at a faster pace within a fiscally challenged environment.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Thomas Curl
N111-038      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Low Cost, High Reliability Proximity Switches
Abstract:We propose to produce a new family of compensated Doppler-effect Ultrasonic proximity switches. Our design will utilize all COTS sub-components to deliver a product with very low cost and high reliability. It incorporates EMI shielding, optoelectronic isolation, and hermetic encapsulation, our advanced non-contact proximity sensor is designed to operate in harsh and corrosive maritime environments. This sensor will be reconfigurable as a drop-in replacement for existing 2-wire legacy hardware, as well as higher functionality for application specification. This approach is closely coupled with our recent progress in acoustic sensors and signal processing technology, enabling us to push the sensor performance well beyond the current state-of-the-art. In the Phase I, we will demonstrate this high reliability proximity switch functionality and form factor that are well suited for easy replacement of the old version of Navy limit switches. In the Phase II, we will perform full MIL- spec qualification and design optimization iterations for a wide variety of configurations and sizes, and the final products having utility for the numerous applications will be produced for delivery.

BHTechnology, LLC
400 Rella Blvd suite 110
Suffern, NY 10901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 369-6324
Aron Kain
N111-038      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Low Cost, High Reliability Proximity Switches
Abstract:a novel family of proximity switchs is proposed based on EM technology field perturbation.This technology enables the proximity switch to be low cost, light weight, highly accurate and meets all MIL_PRF_24711B requirements. The prposed switch can be used in new NAVY vessel design as well as retrofit for end-of-life mechanical limit switches.

Bennett Aerospace, Inc.
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181
Cary, NC 27518
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 859-5454
Douglas Bennett
N111-039      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:High Throughput, Waveguide Based, Non-Mechanical Laser Beam Steering
Abstract:Bennett Aerospace proposes to develop a wide-angle, polarization-grating-based, laser beam steering module for non-mechanical and highly efficient laser beam steering applications such as sensing, detecting, and imaging. Our approach will allow a laser beam to be steered from its source to its target quickly, efficiently, precisely, with a minimum amount of hardware and with high mechanical stability.

Vescent Photonics
4865 E. 41st Ave
Denver, CO 80216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 296-6766
Scott Davis
N111-039      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Waveguide Based Laser Beamsteerers: A Simple, Low Cost and Low SWaP Solution to a Long-Standing Problem
Abstract:Vescent Photonics proposes to develop new electro-optic (non-mechanical) laser scanners with extremely low cost and Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP), thereby enabling use on a variety of previously inaccessible platforms (e.g., soldier mounted, UAV/MAV, UGV, micromunitions, and more). The Vescent EO scanner provides previously unrealizable performance such as sub-millisecond scanning, high resolution (sub microradian) refractive scanning, full 2-D operation with only three control electrodes, and a remarkably wide field of view (270 degrees demonstrated). The focus of this SBIR program is to mature and transition this EO scanner technology for a wide array of Navy and DoD needs. Specific goals include the development of new manufacturing processes that reliably produce high throughput (>80%), low beam distortion (M2 < 1.5) on cm sized apertures (a round 1 cm beam input and output), low cost, wide-angle (>50o), and low SWaP scanners. In phase I we will experimentally validate new manufacturing processes for high yield production of devices with the required performance attributes. We will also deliver, at the end of phase I, a prototype EO scanner system. In phase II we will increase the TRL and demonstrate EO scanner operation in a relevant military environment.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Thomas Goodwin
N111-040      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Wide Band, High Performance Low Cost Array Antenna (1000-185)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies proposes to leverage its experience in the design of broadband, low profile array antennas to develop a wide band, high performance, low cost array to operate from S band through X band for Navy shipboard radar, electronic warfare (EW), and communications systems. SI2’s proposed array is based on proven technology, and will exhibit high efficiency, excellent pattern stability and polarization purity across the entire operating band, and lightweight construction. The printed circuit board (PCB) based fabrication lends itself to low cost manufacturing, and the modular architecture enables ease of maintenance and repair to reduce life cycle costs. In Phase I, SI2 will design and simulate the array to validate the proof-of-concept. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test a demonstrator array. In Phase II, SI2 will build on lessons learned in Phase I to improve the design and fabricate a large scale prototype for system level test and evaluation.

Wang Electro-Opto Corporation
2140 Newmarket Parkway Suite 120
Marietta, GA 30067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 955-9311
J. H.
N111-040      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Wide Bandwidth, High Performance Cost Effective Antenna Elements
Abstract:Antenna elements are a key part of any phased array antenna system. The development of cost effective, high performance array antenna elements is challenging for wide bandwidth and broad scan angles. Wang Electro-Opto Corporation (WEO), teamed up with the Ohio State University (OSU), proposes to develop linear-polarized antenna elements covering S- Band through X-Band for high power radar applications with up to 100 watts per element. The technical approach will be based on the general technical approach that WEO and OSU have taken in a joint research effort for a wideband phased array with scan angle of 60 degrees for a radar application. It was noted that the design approach has potential to achieve an instantaneous bandwidth of 2.8-12.8 GHz. In Phase-I, the WEO-OSU team will expand the potential bandwidth to 2.0-12.0 GHz, fully covering S through X bands. A small planar array based on such element antenna will be designed, fabricated, and tested to demonstrate feasibility of the proposed approach adequate for Phase-II development. The proposed technology solution should have low acquisition and life-cycle costs and reliable operation in Navy shipboard applications.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 840-9722
Walt Allensworth
N111-041      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Strike Group Active Sonar Exploitation
Abstract:AN/SQQ-89 surface combatant active processing does not currently leverage echoes from off-board sources, such as other combatants in the strike group or transmissions from other systems. Leveraging active emissions bi-statically can improve Q-89 ASW capabilities in high-interest scenarios. Alternately, ships could retain current performance while reducing the amount of acoustic energy they emit, reducing the potential environmental impact. Combining additional bi-static detection opportunities with existing mono-static active returns should lead to faster time to detect, improved detection, longer detection ranges, longer holding times, and improved tracking performance. The primary focus of this SBIR proposal will be on initially leveraging bi-static Q-89 active transmissions for enhanced active ASW operation. Requirements and a concept of operation for AN/SQQ-89 bi-static processing are proposed for development. Example high payoff bi-static acoustic detection scenarios are discussed, and proposed for further development and performance evaluation. Addition acoustic processing functionality required for bi-static processing is identified, and a performance evaluation is discussed.

Sedna Digital Solutions, LLC
10611 Balls Ford Rd., Suite 300
Manassas, VA 20109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 530-5400
Mike Butler
N111-041      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Strike Group Active Sonar Exploitation
Abstract:The Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) capabilities of surface combatants, often operating in carrier or expeditionary strike groups, rely heavily on active sonar for detection due to the quieting of adversary submarines. These combatants have full knowledge of their own transmissions however; they employ monostatic sonar with communication links and advanced planning in an attempt to avoid mutual interference issues.Sedna and Alion propose an investigation into approaches for a Navy strike group multistatic active processing concept designed to exploit state-of-the-art data exchange, waveform design, and multi-source transmissions. Inherent in this proposal is the use of current continuous waveform transmissions as well as legacy pulsed transmissions. We propose the use of a common time standard within the Strike Group to support a highly accurate multistatic processing scheme. We propose to modify the sonar transmission itself, pulsed or continuous, to provide time of transmission on a periodic basis. Furthermore, we address situations of degraded or non-functional communications.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Dave Baird
N111-042      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Improved Accelerated Life Testing
Abstract:Recent Navy research has indicated that the Accelerated Life Testing (ALT) protocols have in some cases overestimated accelerated aging by a factor of ten, meaning that a component may fail in two years rather than the twenty years certified. This topic involves an investigation of the accuracy of the accelerated life testing protocols for CD resistance utilized by the Navy acquisition community for first article testing of a wide variety of naval hardware. The research will include the investigation of new ideas for CD accelerated life testing protocols, and possible CD mitigation strategies and techniques and determine the effectiveness of new approaches for combating CD.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Rock Rushing
N111-042      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Improved Accelerated Life Testing
Abstract:The Navy spends $10 to 100 million per year on unexpected and premature failures of outboard equipment due to cathodic delamination of rubber-to-metal bonds on electrical cable connectors, sonar transducers and hydrophones and other hardware. The Navy has identified deficiencies in qualification testing, including accelerated aging, that require improvement to prevent unreliable materials and equipment from being approved for use in the Fleet on submarines, surface ships, towed and static emplacement hydrophone arrays and minehunting systems. Specific deficiencies in accelerated life testing (ALT) have been identified with the misapplication of, or assumed, activation energies and inadequate control of laboratory test plans’ applications and control of dissolved oxygen, unrealistic corrosion by-products, temperature and impressed cathodic potentials. Therefore, a proposed work effort is offered to develop an Improved Navy ALT Method that will provide protocols for defining activation energies on empirical measurements and will specify acceptable methods for controlling laboratory ALT exposures. Advancements in cathodic delamination prevention are also needed and will be developed and commercialized.

IngeniumTechnologies Corp.
4216 Maray Drive
Rockford, IL 61107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(815) 399-8803
Mike Schneider
N111-043      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Development of an Advanced Severe Service Valve Actuator
Abstract:A development program is proposed to address failures experienced on Navy actuators exposed to severe vibration levels. A failure investigation and root cause analysis will be performed to help determine the best approach to improving the design. New design concepts will be built and actual vibration tests will be performed using a Curtiss Wright actuator assembly. Ingenium will leverage experience gained on previous actuator programs, motor controller developments, and funded fiber optic developments.

Tri-Tec Manufacturing, LLC
6915 S. 234th St
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 251-8777
Richard Cordray
N111-043      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Development of an Advanced Severe Service Valve Actuator
Abstract:The objective of this project is to define and develop a concept for an electric actuator for high vibration service on valves on US Navy ships. Electric valve actuators for US Navy surface combatants are required to meet the requirements of DOD-V-24657(SH), including the MIL-STD-167-1 vibration requirements. Generally, vibrations aboard ships fall within these requirements, but on CVN 77, it has been discovered that valve actuators used on and around drainage eductors experience vibrations greatly exceeding MIL-STD-167-1 both in amplitude and frequency. In Phase I, Tri-Tec, a manufacturer of valve actuators for US Navy ships including CVN 77, proposes to identify sources of vibration induced failure by running simulations on 3-D solid models and performing physical testing on components and assemblies of its model CE valve actuator. This information will be used in a potential Phase II project to design, build, and test a robust valve actuator with demonstrated resistance to high vibration environments.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
559 West Uwchlan Avenue Suite 140
Exton, PA 19341
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
Carl Mauro
N111-044      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Coordinated ASW Mission Planner (CAMP)
Abstract:In this project Wagner Associates, with DDL OMNI as a subcontractor, will develop a Coordinated ASW Mission Planner (CAMP) to support and maximize the effectiveness of current and emerging multi-platform, multi-sensor ASW operations. The overall objective of this project is to develop an advanced ASW mission planning system for heterogeneous manned platforms and UVs that utilizes innovative search optimization techniques and algorithms to generate coordinated, jointly optimized search plans. In this project we will leverage our extensive prior work developing virtually all of the U.S. Navy’s systems that have or are being used operationally for optimally allocating ASW search resources and generating search paths, and in particular our previous development of the Operational Route Planner (ORP) and the MH-60R Acoustic Mission Planner (AMP).

Quantum Leap Innovations, Inc.
3 Innovation Way Suite 100
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 894-8040
Ganesh Vaidyanathan
N111-044      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Coordinated Asset Allocation and Route Planning for Anti-Submarine Warfare
Abstract:Existing Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) mission planners can specify patrol regions for available sensor platforms and provide detailed, coordinated search tracks for each platform. However, most of the planners have not considered any real-time sensor information feedback during optimization and cannot support dynamic re-planning. To better support ASW in a dynamic and uncertain environment, Quantum Leap Innovations, Inc. (QLI) will collaborate with Professor Stephen Smith at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) to develop a novel two stage sequential mission planning framework for coordinated asset allocation and route planning. In Phase I, we will leverage our extensive experience in various, successful mission planning applications for manned/unmanned systems and investigate approximate algorithms for real- time asset allocation and route planning in ASW. We will develop a simulation testbed for multiple manned/unmanned platforms and evaluate the effectiveness of coordinated search tactics using simulations. In the Phase I option, we will study many actual factors for multi- sensor coordinated search in ASW, such as variable size of sensing field of view, environment-dependent sensor models and communication connectivity.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Clive Butler
N111-045      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Visualization Framework for Navy Tactical Applications
Abstract:Current tactical display applications, while adequately providing operator tools needed to assess the data and gain an awareness of the tactical situation, have not achieved seamless integration of decision aides in a cohesive geographic presentation. Specifically, systems suffer from the too many geos syndrome whereby operators are able to view geographic presentations but are unable to get the visual content they want together on a single geo display surface. These federated environments attempt to achieve integration and consistency of multiple geographic display subsystems using a static allocation of display space to individual applications (via a combination of window tiling and control of the visibility state of application windows. The primary technical issue is one of combining the visual content and user interfaces of separately developed software into an integrated product that makes efficient use of display space. The focus of this proposal is on solving this issue using integration within a single application instance. This proposal seeks to design and develop a flexible cross-platform Java-based GIS application framework. The framework is designed to allow a deliverable application to be constructed from a core application supplied by the framework, supplemented by dynamically loaded content and functionality provided by one or more development teams. The primary field of use is for tactical geographic based displays requiring rapid and frequent content updates.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Tom Burns
N111-045      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Visualization Framework for Navy Tactical Applications
Abstract:Existing tactical displays attempt to achieve integration and consistency of multiple display subsystems using a static allocation of display space. This type of approach has a number of drawbacks preventing achievement of the goal of a common tactical picture. Our approach is the Geo-Visualization Framework – Tactical (GVF-T), a visualization framework built to support rapid production of highly integrated, intuitive, and unified geospatial tactical control displays comprising tactical components from multiple suppliers. At the foundation of the GVF-T is the Geo-Service Bus (GSB) which provides the application integration capabilities by leveraging existing, mature standards provided by enterprise service bus (ESB) technology. The GSB provides the fabric connecting tactical applications with the system GIS display. Additionally, it provides a mechanism by which tactical applications can communicate amongst themselves. The GVF-T provides an open, pluggable interface by which GIS applications such as C/JMTK, NASA’s World Wind, and others may be integrated to provide the GIS interface to tactical system operators. This GIS interface combined with the GSB communication backbone provides an integrated display application framework for Navy tactical applications.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 840-9722
Walt Allensworth
N111-046      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Very High Frequency Volumetric Acoustic Array
Abstract:The Navy has a need for a high-resolution, high-gain acoustic array that will allow them to make special acoustic measurements of full and model scale submarines. Volumetric arrays such as the High Gain array used on the Hayes for NSWC-CD source localization and the Twisted Bi-Cone array developed for SEAFAC have been used in the past, but are limited in terms of sensitivity, directivity, noise floor, and detection frequencies. Further, they are problematic in terms of physical construction; it is difficult or impossible to pack hydrophones densely enough to achieve the solicitation requirements. In this proposal alternate acoustic array configurations are discussed. Potential solutions are considered, including a planar or near-planar circular array comprising linearly tapered lines of hydrophones. Such a solution allows high gain and high-resolution, while greatly minimizing the quantity of hydrophones in comparison to a cylindrically symmetrical volumetric array. The proposal discusses tools at the offerer’s disposal that will facilitate array design and enable accurate modeling of proposed designs to verify specification compliance. Also discussed are various design challenges such as the physical construction of the array, signal conditioning, and data throughput and storage constraints.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
Jason Rudzinsky
N111-046      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Very High Frequency Volumetric Acoustic Array
Abstract:Navy acoustic research and test laboratories, such as those at the Acoustic Research Detachment (ARD) and the Southeast Alaska Acoustic Measurement Facility (SEAFAC), use large, high gain hydrophone arrays to measure and characterize the radiated acoustic signatures of full scale and small scale submarines. Existing arrays have primarily been designed for low to mid frequency measurements (e.g., below 10 kHz). This SBIR topic seeks development of a “very high frequency” (VHF) high gain acoustic array which would eventually be integrated into the permanent test infrastructures at facilities such as ARD and SEAFAC. APS proposes development of a VHF High Gain Array (VHGA) that is intended to provide high gain and precision resolution in low ambient noise environments and that will maintain performance over extended deployments. The proposed VHGA uses a conical baffle with variable sensor spacing to meet the high array gain requirements of the system over the 10 – 80 kHz band of operation. APS proposes development of custom transducers and electronics with extremely low electronic noise to allow the array to be ambient limited even in low noise environments.

Hy-Tek Manufacturing Co. Inc.
1998 Bucktail Lane
Sugar Grove, IL 60554
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 466-7664
John Jude
N111-047      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:High Load Roller Bearing (HLRB)
Abstract:The High Load Roller Bearing (HLRB) roller for severe service offers a zero-maintenance reliable replacement for bearing sets currently utilized on DDG-51 helicopter bay hanger doors. Enhanced seal design prevents the ingress of liquids and particulates even under extreme environmental conditions and extreme off axis loading. Intended as a direct replacement, modifications to ship doors or structures will not be required. By utilizing advanced materials, coatings and manufacturing processes in concert with field proven designs, the HLRB yields a unique solution applicable for the shipboard use and a host of future high endurance applications. The High Load Roller Bearing (HLRB) roller for severe service offers a zero-maintenance reliable replacement for bearing sets currently utilized on DDG-51 helicopter bay hanger doors. Enhanced seal design prevents the ingress of liquids and particulates even under extreme environmental conditions and extreme off axis loading. Intended as a direct replacement, modifications to ship doors or structures will not be required. By utilizing advanced materials, coatings and manufacturing processes in concert with field proven designs, the HLRB yields a unique solution applicable for the shipboard use and a host of future high endurance applications.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
N111-047      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Robust Innovative Roller Bearing(1001-672)
Abstract:In response to Navy SBIR solicitation N111-047 Innovative Alternatives to Roller Bearing Design Solutions, Triton Systems, Inc. proposes to develop an improved roller bearing design that will enable increased service life and reduced life-cycle cost for the DDG helicopter hanger door. The roller guide bearing currently used on the DDG helicopter hangar door is failing prematurely due to high loading, grit contamination, and corrosion. The proposed solution will be more mechanically robust and be able to better withstand environmental operating conditions to achieve an increased service life of over 4,800 cycles, minimum maintenance, and reduced life-cycle cost.

Computational Mechanics Inc
25 Bridge Street
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 667-5841
Tom Curtin
N111-048      Awarded:8/16/2011
Title:Coating Health Sensor System and Service Life Model
Abstract:Computational Mechanics Inc. (CMI) will develop a paint coating condition or "health" monitoring system that can signal without tank entry by an inspector when a coating actually needs possible repair. It will also provide diagnostic assistance in assessing with a high degree of confidence whether or not a coating needs to be replaced through the use of a service life prediction model.The coating sensor can be considered as an enhanced CP system as it will be developed based on the typical components used in a cathodic protection system combined with software simulation technology to provide a “smart” system to identify the current state of the coating system and to forward predict its condition over the life of the vessel. A key innovation will be the integration with the simulation model as this will enable the system to automatically extract and interpret information about the condition of the coating.The simulation model will be based upon similar technology to that used in the BEASY Corrosion and CP software which has been widely used to model Galvanic Corrosion and Cathodic Protection systems. The models are based on Boundary and Finite Element Technology to model the IR drop and electric fields in the electrolyte, models of the electrode kinetics on the metal surfaces and coating degradation models. A key feature of the proposed technology is that results suggest that good predictions of the overall coating condition can be achieved even if the open circuit corrosion potential is unknown, the polarization curve is non-linear and unknown and there are unknown reference electrodes offsets. Therefore the usual detailed inputs into a model are not required.The coating degradation model will provide data on the performance of the coating at a particular location at the time the measurements are made. It will also use historical data to predict how the degradation is expected to change over the service life to provide data for maintenance planning.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0148
Fritz Friedersdorf
N111-048      Awarded:8/16/2011
Title:Low Cost Autonomous Coating Condition Monitoring System
Abstract:Carbon steel tanks and enclosures within Navy submarines and ships are protected by a combination of coatings and cathodic protection systems. Tanks and enclosures were named as the top corrosion expense on Navy vessels, accounting for $204 million annually in direct costs. To address this issue, Luna proposes to develop a reliable, long service life and low cost coating health monitoring system that can be easily installed, accessed outside the tank and that senses and stores cumulative measurements of coating degradation. The health monitoring system will provide shipboard personnel and maintainers with a direct pass/fail measurement of coating condition and estimated remaining service life. The monitoring system will be based on Luna’s line of ultralow power sensor systems used for structural health monitoring and equipment diagnostics. A network of sensor nodes for monitoring environmental conditions and electrochemical properties of the coating, substrate and cathodic protection system will provide for large area monitoring, and an artificial intelligence algorithm will be established to output pass/fail coating condition, location and extent of coating degradation and quantify level of cathodic protection.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Prakash Koonath
N111-048      Awarded:8/18/2011
Title:Coating Health Monitor System with Fiber Optic Sensors
Abstract:Coatings that protect the corrosion of critical infrastructure face harsh aggressive environments that lead to their degradation and failure. Monitors that can effectively assess the health of paint coatings on critical structures should provide valuable continuous information on the current state of the coating. As coatings undergo various stages of degradation, information on successive stages of this process is imperative to provide a complete picture of the coating health. Tanner Research proposes a method based on environmentally-stable, fiber optic sensors to monitor degradation mechanisms both at the microscopic as well as the macroscopic level in the coating, thereby providing a complete assessment of the coating decay. At the microscopic level, near infrared (NIR) spectral signatures of precursor chemical species and products of coating degradation will be monitored. Macroscopic degradations such as blistering and delamination will be sensed by bending induced transmission losses in the fiber. Together, these provide a complete description of the current health of the coating. In Phase I of this effort, we will demonstrate the feasibiliy of a fiber optic sensor embedded inside the coating matrix to provide information relevant to and correlated with coating degradation. Optical signatures that correspond to coating degradation will be identified and monitored using the fiber optic sensor.

Dominca, LLC
12111 Ranchitos Road, NE
Albuquerque, NM 87122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 822-0005
Nancy Winfree
N111-049      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Method to Eliminate Unwanted High Frequency Signals above 2 KHz from Accelerometers
Abstract:Using predictive tools developed in previous work, Dominca will design, build, and test layered-media filters to reduce the transmission of 2 kHz and higher frequencies into accelerometers that are used in explosive and impact events. The size of these external filters will be kept small by incorporating low-wave speed materials and viscoelastic materials. We will use impact testing in our facility to demonstrate the feasibility of the filters. Relying on theory to design the filters, we are largely able to avoid trial and error.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 439-1871
Jim Nuttall
N111-050      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:A Lightweight, Flexible, Scalable Approach to Trainer Systems
Abstract:Over the last decade developments in ASW sensor systems has greatly increased the number and types of the sensor deployed thus increasing the volume of data by orders of magnitude that is required to be simulated by a trainer system. Traditional training systems suffer severe scaling limitations, as they grow to address a multiplicity of simulated targets, simulated environments and simulated sensors. Attempts to federate moderate-scale simulators to solve the scaling problem have met with limited success, despite extensive investmentNew approaches are needed to allow trainer environments to easily grow with the systems they are supporting.. The techniques listed in this proposal addresses fundamental architectural issues which have long limited progress of keeping the trainers in- sync with the advancing systems they support.

JRM Enterprises, Inc.
4820 Southpoint Drive, Suite 203
Fredericksburg, VA 22407
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 786-0608
Chris Fink
N111-050      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:A Lightweight, Flexible, Scalable Approach to Trainer Systems
Abstract:JRM and VT MÄK propose an innovative, high-performance approach to the modeling and simulation of remote sensing platforms like the MH60, their respective full-spectrum sensors, and associated navy tactical data links. that is platform-independent, scaleable, and provides for physics-based high-fidelity. Leveraging JRM’s proven Target Acquisition Agent federate technology, and Mak’s tactical, visualization, and networking components, this approach will be demonstrated in the Phase I to provide platform-independence, scalability, and high-fidelity physics-based sensor simulation and acquisition assessment, and will yield a corresponding design for Phase II implementation using modern track management services. Using networked HLA federates, this architecture will allow sensor tier elements to be added and operated independently of the scenario control elements which define the common environment. Metrics will be developed which assess how well this new data model and architecture minimizes the complexity and cross-domain coupling typically associated with updated/new sensors and sensor capabilities, and integration of the architecture with existing and upcoming tactical data links will be addressed. Finally, as an option, JRM and VT MÄK will demonstrate a prototype of the proposed architecture, involving multiple realistic scenario and sensor control elements.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Oscar Gutierrez
N111-051      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Improved Towed Array Localization for Active Systems
Abstract:The Surface Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) community has been focused on improving active processing in recent years. The introduction of the Multi-Function Towed Array (MFTA) provides the fleet with an advanced passive and active receive system. This bi-static system has many advantages to the conventional mono-static design but also presents many challenges. Accurate array heading and position estimates of the receive aperture are required for the localization of active returns. Large tow-ship maneuvers produce distortions in the array that can impact performance if not properly accounted for. Wind and currents can also alter the shape, position and orientation of the array. Heading sensors are the primary technology used in determining orientation and shape of a towed array. However, the accuracy and reliability of these sensors are often poor requiring additional technologies to overcome the deficiency. This proposal introduces technologies to help improve the localization of acoustic echoes for towed array sonars. The primary area of research involves the exploitation of active sources from the tow-ship to help localize the array. The approach is complementary to existing shape and localization algorithms being used in the fleet today and attempts to improve overall system performance and ASW mission effectiveness.

RobTre Research, L.L.C.
58 Crystal Canyon Drive
Carbondale, CO 81623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 905-2439
Richard Pitre
N111-051      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Improved Towed Array Localization for Active Systems
Abstract:RobTre Research proposes to develop an algorithm that reduces severity and duration of blurred focus and the associated reduction in visibility and detectability ranges caused by tow ship maneuvering. It also improves left-right disambiguation during straight line towing. The proposed approach is a robust automated real-time array shape estimation algorithm that uses acoustic data inversion in combination with available information from shape measurement instrumentation such as heading sensors. The algorithm integrates as a natural augmentation of existing linear space-time correlation processors.

Microwave Packaging Technology, Inc.
2601 Saturn Street Suite 100
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 980-3030
Rick Sturdivant
N111-052      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:High Power Monolithic Microwave Limiters
Abstract:Limiters are an important component in military phased array systems. They protect the LNA from damage caused by high power signals present at its input. MPT proposes the development of a MMIC limiter that will have bandwidth from 1-20GHz and handle 100W of input power.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
Steve Huettner
N111-052      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:High Power Monolithic Microwave Limiters
Abstract:Microwave limiters are key components in active electronically scanned phased arrays, as well as mechanically-scanned radar systems. In current systems there are two fabrication technologies for microwave limiters: hybrid microcircuits, and monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs). Nuvotronics proposes a third way which captures the manufacturing and response-speed advantages of a monolithic approach, while leveraging unique advantages of the PolyStrataTM platform to provide RF performance better than existing hybrid silicon PIN diode limiters. The developed limiter will be suitable for high- volume fabrication, with minimum touch labor content, reducing cost by 50% compared to existing limiters.

Hi-Test Laboratories, Inc
P.O. Box 87 1104 Arvon Rd.
Arvonia, VA 23004
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 607-5422
William Gregory
N111-053      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Structural Health Monitoring of Submersible Navy Composites
Abstract:The use of composite structural elements continues to expand across Naval Surface Ship and Submarine shipbuilding programs as advancements in design/analysis and research provide viable alternatives to current baseline material systems. To support life-cycle implications of using composites in a US Navy Submarine application, this proposal supports the initial Phase I development of a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system capable of detecting and characterizing damage in submersible composite non-pressure hull components. SHM is the scientific process of non-destructively identifying four characteristics related to the fitness of a structural system: (a) the operational and environmental loads that act on the structure; (b) the structural damage that is caused by that loading; (c) the growth of damage as the structure continues to be subjected to operational and environmental loads; and (d) the future performance of the structure as damage accumulates. This proposal assumes the SHM system should be compatible with VARTM and OVB fabrication processes, as well as compatible with carbon and glass systems with vinyl ester or epoxy resins. The intent of these initial efforts will be to first determine if the prescribed sensor system can be viably integrated into the composite structure, then to subject test specimens to representative wave slap, hydrostatic, impact and shock loading to determine if that system can not only survive these extreme loads, but continue to provide meaningful data throughout these events.

Metis Design Corporation
10 Canal Park Suite 601
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-5616
Seth Kessler
N111-053      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Guided Wave-based SHM of Submersible Navy Composites
Abstract:The implementation of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems into naval applications has been hindered by component quantity, including sensors, cables, and acquisition/computation units, as well as data quality. Particularly for large-area applications such ship hulls, complexity of the implied system infrastructure can be impractical, and data effected by attenuation and EMI-pickup along analog cables. The payoff of reliable SHM would be the ability to detect/characterize in-situ damage for condition-based maintenance, thereby greatly reducing overall life-cycle costs. Metis Design Corporation (MDC) has demonstrated point-of-measurement datalogging and digital sensor-busing during prior Phase II SBIRs, which minimizes SHM infrastructure and EMI susceptibility. During the proposed SBIR, MDC will further exploit this low-mass, long-range, scalable SHM architecture to satisfy Navy requirements for damage detection in submersible composites. Previously developed analytical models will be modified to simulate the wave response for relevant material and geometry (as identified by commercialization partner Goodrich). Piezoelectric-based guided wave methods will be used to interrogate the structure, and pattern recognition-based algorithms will be trained specifically for the detection of damage and characterization of its severity. Finally, MDC will instrument several representative specimens built by Goodrich to generate probability of detection and accuracy versus damage size curves for the proposed method.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Matthew Fisher
N111-054      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Cloud-Enabled Track Management
Abstract:Our proposal looks at an area of Cloud Computing: distributed data storage. We plan on investigating persistent cloud-based methods for storing any type of data but initially focusing on track storage. We’ll perform a trade study on a set of available products and potentially build a proof of concept (PoC).

Real-Time Innovations
385 Moffett Park Drive, Suite 115
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 990-4751
Gerardo Pardo
N111-054      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Cloud-Enabled Track Management
Abstract:Cloud computing virtualizes the presence of servers, software, and data, and makes them accessible to users on demand. By abstracting the details of how the resources are stored, consumers no longer need the expertise or the control over the technology infrastructure. The consumer reaps many benefits as a result, and the goal is to bring these benefits to a track-management system (TMS). While the current model for providing a cloud infrastructure with geographically centralized servers may work with enterprise systems, this model does not address the TMS requirement of handling data from a distributed network as a ubiquitous service. RTI proposes to develop a coherent cloud-based data management infrastructure to fulfill the key needs of TMS: predictable data dissemination, fault-tolerant scalable storage for historical data, ubiquitous access to historical and real-time data, and a common interface to the consumer. The proposed data-management infrastructure will use the Object Management Group’s (OMG) Data Distribution Service (DDS) standard for high performance peer-to-peer data delivery and a scalable persistence mechanism based on NoSQL technologies to address the limitations of RDBMS in the cloud environment. Together, these technologies will significantly reduce the need for administration and eliminate single points of failure in the system.

Massa Products Corporation
280 Lincoln Street
Hingham, MA 02043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 749-4800
Donald Massa
N111-055      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Low Cost Hydrophones for Thin Line Towed Arrays
Abstract:A need exists for a less expensive thin line towed array hydrophone element to reduce the cost of towed arrays and to allow more hydrophone elements in a towed array. Massa Products Corporation, which has produced acoustic underwater and air transducers and systems for the past 65 years, proposes to use this experience to design and fabricate low cost hydrophone elements, using flexural disc technology. This effort will be based on current technology at Massa and will develop a simple design, suitable for high volume production using laser or electron beam welding techniques. Equivalent Circuit and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) modeling will be used to evaluate design tradeoffs of performance, hydrostatic mechanical stress, and manufacturing costs. Prototype elements will be fabricated and tested in a unique test chamber suitable for testing at pressure and temperature extremes. In the Phase 1Basic Program, sample hydrophone elements will be built and tested and in the Phase 1 Option, sample array elements will be built and tested. A final report will be written detailing the findings and recommending Phase 11 Array hardware deliverables.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
Jerry Cole
N111-055      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Low Cost Hydrophones for Thin Line Towed Arrays
Abstract:Towed arrays are used extensively in the US Navy by both submarines and surface ships. Although present arrays are technologically advanced they are expensive to procure and operate. Significant cost reduction would be a major benefit. One of the primary cost drivers of the towed array is the hydrophone itself and a new design and manufacturing concept is needed. This is the main focus of the solicitation and addresses a real need in the US Navy. This presents SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc. with a unique opportunity to leverage construction and manufacturing techniques perfected in the sonobuoy industry to deliver a low cost hydrophone for thin line towed arrays. Sonobuoys are produced in high volume and are expendable which drives the requirement for a low cost design. SeaLandAire personnel have extensive experience in the sonobuoy industry and are well versed in both the design and manufacturing concepts of hydrophones to meet performance requirements while minimizing cost. The low cost towed array hydrophone design proposed here is based on previous work performed at SeaLandAire and provides a significant reduction in cost over the standard hydrophone used in the TB-29 array while maintaining the specification requirements.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Jonah McBride
N111-056      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Precise Underwater Localization Using Sonar and Electro-Optics (PULSE)
Abstract:Underwater ship hull inspection platforms routinely check for damage, corrosion, and suspicious objects. Highly accurate position information is required to properly register hull inspection data with previously collected data to monitor the progression of structural anomalies and other changes and ensure complete hull coverage. Conventional underwater localization methods involving fixed-source signal triangulation are often ineffective at moored locations due to shallow water and interference from ship and dock structures. Dead- reckoning sensors onboard the inspection platform can provide local motion estimates, but small errors accumulate over time, eventually resulting in large position errors. Vision- based techniques, such as simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), have shown some promise for underwater platforms. However, the underwater environment presents several challenges to these techniques, such as poor visibility and limited scene structure. We propose a Precise Underwater Localization Using Sonar and Electro-Optics (PULSE) approach that uses optical and acoustic imaging sensors to offer greater flexibility under these conditions. The two sensors are also used together in a “stereo” configuration, enabling full 3D sensing to make the most of fine structural details on the hull. A particle- filter-based SLAM algorithm combines visual sensor data with motion data from dead- reckoning sensors to provide accurate location information in real-time.

SeaRobotics Corporation
15852 Mercantile Ct. Suite #2
Jupiter, FL 33478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 627-2676
Donald Darling
N111-056      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Precision Navigation System for Near and On-Hull Positioning Underwater
Abstract:The ability to precisely navigate on or near the hull of a ship enables numerous inspection, security, and hull husbandry tasks to be implemented reliably by unmanned systems. The proposed system utilizes a variety of standard UUV sensors along with novel deployable LBL transponders which are located on the hull in close proximity to detectable hull features. Utilizing the combination of motion estimation, feature detection, and Feature Based Localization, a UUV can precisely navigate a complex ship hull. The system proposed can be used in numerous applications where precise underwater positioning or precise sensor data registration is critical on known and unknown hulls, with varying degrees of fouling and hull coating conditions. The system is applicable to divers, free flying UUVs, and hull crawling UUVs.

FBS, Inc.
3340 West College Ave.
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-3437
K. Van
N111-057      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Rapid Inspection of Aluminum Hulls Below the Waterline Using Ultrasonic Guided Waves
Abstract:An ultrasonic guided wave phased array approach is proposed for the rapid inspection of aluminum ship hulls below the waterline. With the proposed guided wave phased array technology, a centralized probe is used to steer a beam of ultrasonic energy around the hull structure, like radar. The gathered data can then be used to construct an image of the inspected region. The work to be completed in the Phase I effort would address the selection of the optimal guided wave mode/frequency for aluminum hull geometries as well as the type of probe needed to generate said mode/frequency. The proposed technique would be thoroughly evaluated for the detection of corrosion and cracking damage in the hull structure. A Phase I Option effort would investigate alternative array geometries, begin the development of a software package, and review potential technology deployment methods such as robotics. Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding has agreed to provide access to similar hull structures if available and to provide information regarding typical hull geometries and constructions practices. A Phase II effort would transition the developed technology from the lab to actual hull structures.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Volodymyr Romanov
N111-057      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Underwater NDE/NDT System for Ship Aluminum Hulls Below the Waterline
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for innovative and alternative approaches for nondestructive evaluation and testing (NDE/NDT) for crack detection and hull thickness measurement below the waterline for aluminum ships, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new fully functional mobile Underwater NDE/NDT (UNWET) system for large- area non-uniform multilayered thick aluminum/aluminum alloy structures with complex geometry, accurately identifying flaws and defects (corrosion, fatigue degradation, voids) and their precise locations and measurements. UNWET is based on registration of Compton scattered X-ray images of an object, and the reconstruction of its three-dimensional structure using a unique POC-developed Compton imaging tomography technique. UNWET will provide a full exposure time of ~1 min per sq. ft., spatial resolution of ~500 micron, and sensitivity of ~1.0% in density difference. UNWET can define sizes and positions of detected defects with accuracy of 500 micron inside 1- to 3-in.-thick (or even more for high X-ray energies) aluminum hull structures. UNWET can be operated by a diver or mounted on a remotely operated underwater vehicle. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of UNWET using a TRL-4 Phase I benchtop prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop and demonstrate a fully functional TRL-6 prototype.

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
William Gressick
N111-058      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Autonomous Tank and Void Inspection Technique
Abstract:Barron Associates and its team propose a novel system design that facilitates autonomous inspection of arbitrarily-shaped tanks, voids and other structures. The portable system is designed to reduce labor and cost to the Navy from required repeated inspections and allows inspection of tanks or voids by a single user without requiring entry into the potentially- hazardous space. The system features locomotion capability that allows it to survey and catalog portions of the space inaccessible to other designs. A versatile sensor system enables the inspection of regions outside the reach of similar vehicles. A unique localization approach allows improved, redundant position estimation inside the volume without complicated user-setup or calibration. A custom-developed operator interface will allow real- time display of acquired sensor data and integration with existing shipboard protocol. The ability to store, recall and review data will be implemented as well. Autonomous capability is proposed to allow unattended operation that enables the possibility of a single user simultaneously inspecting multiple spaces, further reducing burden on the crew.

GCAS Incorporated
1531 Grand Avenue
San Marcos, CA 92078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 591-4227
Maurizio Borsotto
N111-058      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Autonomous Tank and Void Inspection Technique
Abstract:Goal of our Phase I effort will be to demonstrate capabilities and perform design for an inspection package comprised of a robot and an inspection software. The robot is intended to be able to move in a tank or void, reach small recesses, climb on walls and move across manholes, while collecting images of tank and void surfaces. The inspection software will be tasked with storing the inspection images for later inspector review, performing automatic corrosion assessment, and prioritizing the inspection results by severity, so that an inspector will focus first on the most critical tanks and voids. The software will also automatically populate the proper records for the CCIMS database, allow the user to upload historical inspection records for a tank and void, and download into CCIMS the new inspection results. The collected images will be maintained outside of CCIMS in an appropriate repository.

QUEST Integrated
19823 58th Place S Suite 200
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-9500
Tyler Folsom
N111-059      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Automation of Condenser Tube Inspection
Abstract:The fleet presently has limited ability to safely and productively inspect condensers. Condenser failure can result in chloride contamination of the steam plant and loss of platform availability. The present inspection method depends on hard physical labor under unpleasant and hazardous conditions with an error rate of up to 3%. We propose to examine the work flow involved in acquiring, logging and using condenser tube inspection data. The path of the data will be analyzed and we will make recommendations to automate the system for improved productivity and accuracy.We expect that automation of the acquisition and recording of condenser data will yield measurable benefits. We will design a robotic or tele- operated mechanism that will enable the repetitive insertion of eddy current probes and recording of the results. We will examine several concepts for building the equipment as well as examining commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products. We will design vision systems or other methods to guide the robot to the tubes of interest in the condenser sheet. We will write software that enables the data to smoothly integrate with other Navy systems.

Wolf Technical Services, Inc.
9855 Crosspoint Blvd, Suite 126
Indianapolis, IN 46256
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 842-6075
Paul Thogersen
N111-059      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Robotic Eddy Current Condenser Inspection Equipment Capability
Abstract:The purpose of this multi-phase program is to develop an autonomous system that is capable of aligning probes for eddy current inspections on steam condensers. An autonomous system allows a human factor to be eliminated from the current process and introduces a safer, more efficient method of accomplishing this fatiguing task. The system aligns the eddy current inspection probe over the appropriate condenser tube based on a provided CAD drawing and visually signals the operator to continue with inspection following a prior obstruction detection check. The design of Wolf Technical Services’ Multi-Axis Autonomous Probe Manipulator (MAAPM) accomplishes these objectives while focusing on ease and safety in both operation and installation. The separable subsystems allow for compact storage and manageability as the device is setup within the confined space work area. Wolf’s design approach allows one system to be used on a wide range of condenser sizes without need for modification. MAAPM can be mounted in multiple locations on the tube array and is designed to withstand the demanding conditions within the condenser environment.

ASPEN PRODUCTS GROUP, INC.
186 CEDAR HILL STREET
MARLBOROUGH, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 481-5058
Craig Thompson
N111-060      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Lightweight and Efficient Multi-Fuel Thermoelectric Power Generator
Abstract:Aspen Products Group, Inc. (APG) proposes to develop a Thermoelectric Scalable Power Generator (TSPG) using advanced flameless combustion technology and high efficiency thermoelectric materials. High figure of merit thermoelectrics will be used that are capable of operating at greater than 500°C. Thermoelectric generation efficiency greater than 20% will reduce waste heat and cooling requirements, enabling development of a TSPG that is lightweight, efficient, and capable of operating on a variety of different fuels.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Daniel Bock
N111-060      Awarded:8/6/2011
Title:Self-Contained Heat Exchanging Thermoelectric Energy Source
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for high-efficiency thermoelectric power generators, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Self-Contained Heat Exchanging Thermoelectric Energy Source (SCHETES). This proposed device is based on electrically conductive silicon-nanostructures embedded within a high-temperature matrix for high- efficiency conversion of heat to electrical energy (expected ZT of >1.5) within a high- efficiency heat exchanger. The innovation in silicon-nanostructures will enable the system to provide up to 700 W of electrical energy in a package 10 in. x 10 in. x 5 in., weighing only 7.65 lb, which is capable of burning all types of logistic fuels and handling the high temperatures by using materials with high melting points. As a result, SCHETES offers a large amount of electrical energy in a small package with low weight and provides selectable output voltages of 12 V or 24 V, which directly address the Navy’s requirements for supplemental power for weapon systems. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SCHETES by simulation and design, as well as a Phase I proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC’s plans include prototype development and performance validation, with a final report incorporating analysis and recommendations for transition to Phase III.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Wayne Thornton
N111-061      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Sonar Training Motivation, Assessment, Tailoring, and Enhanced Remediation (ST-MASTER)
Abstract:For Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)-capable surface ships, reaching and maintaining sailors’ ASW proficiency is difficult. Existing training systems (e.g., SAST) can fail to sufficiently motivate sailors to participate in training, resulting in sonar operators and sonar watchstanding teams with diminished proficiency. Serious games, or, more generally, Immersive Learning Simulations (ILSs), have the potential to engage trainees, but are challenging to design within the constraints of operational environments. Charles River Analytics proposes to tackle this challenge by designing and demonstrating a Sonar Training Motivation, Assessment, Tailoring, and Enhanced Remediation (ST-MASTER) system. The ST-MASTER system will be based on an analysis of the requirements of the domain, resulting in the definition of use cases and customizable training scenarios. The system will incorporate models of motivation and skill within agent-based reasoning components to tailor ILS-based training. The system will assess individual and team proficiency, manage motivation levels, and provide feedback, using game-based displays and user interfaces for trainees and trainers. By leveraging existing, mature technologies, we will demonstrate both conceptual and engineering feasibility of the ST-MASTER system within the scope of a Phase I effort, while ensuring that, ultimately, ST-MASTER will successfully interface with Navy systems targeted for transition.

In-Depth Engineering Co
11350 Random Hills Road Suite 110
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 592-1870
Andre Pruitt
N111-061      Awarded:8/12/2011
Title:Serious Games for Sailor Proficiency
Abstract:The Acoustic Gaming Environment (AGE) system will be developed as a gaming module capable of interfacing to existing training systems, allowing use of a trainer’s high fidelity environment or a Stand-Alone game play mode compatible with commercial gaming system(s) that will provide an unclassified simulation/stimulation capability to generate a realistic environment and target dynamics during periods when a trainer or tactical system is not available, allowing the user to continue development of the skills required to improve both knowledge based and practical learning. The Stand-Alone game play mode will initially focus on MFA detection and track during Prototype development, but will be expanded to encapsulate a complete Platform, Battle Group or Fleet “War game” environment for the delivery system. The AGE system will also provide a Monitoring module in the Integrated or Stand-Alone modes, providing feedback, progress measurement and rewards based stimulation on performance related to the practical elements associated with MFA detection and tracking. In Stand-Alone mode only, a Help module will be available to assist users in understanding concepts related to active sonar, sonar employment and situational awareness via visual and textual explanations of the subject matter.

Adventium Enterprises, LLC
111 Third Ave. S., Suite 100
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(323) 304-4833
Martin Michalowski
N111-062      Awarded:8/31/2011
Title:Spatio-Temporal Extension and Analysis Framework (STEAF)
Abstract:Analyzing problems with complex spatio-temporal relationships and strong network components such as disease progression, social network analysis, and population sentiment is a difficult challenge. Although the data for this type of analysis is available, it comes from disparate sources that provide different, overlapping and perhaps contradictory information. Moreover, the analysis still relies on the knowledge and skills of experts and although a number of commercial off the shelf (COTS) systems are available for geospatial computation, visualization and analysis, the set of robust tools with true spatio-temporal analysis capabilities is limited. The Spatio-Temporal Extension and Analysis Framework (STEAF) will address these challenges by making existing and cutting edge spatio-temporal analysis capabilities available within existing and emerging COTS GIS tools. STEAF will apply advanced spatio-temporal analysis techniques, combine information from different, heterogeneous data sources, fill in missing data on relationships in that data, tolerate data errors and inconsistencies, and adjust to the data's progression over time. Phase I will determine the feasibility of STEAF and our technology transfer partner ObjectFX will review the results and join our team in Phase II. The end goal is for STEAF to provide visualization and analysis tools that make advanced spatio-temporal processing methods widely available.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6125
Ian Yohai
N111-062      Awarded:8/31/2011
Title:GISST: Geographic Information System Statistical Toolset
Abstract:In a variety of domains, ranging from military planning and intelligence to public health, analysts wish to draw inferences from spatio-temporal data. These data are often inconsistent and incomplete, suffering from both missing values and measurement error. While statistical methods are available to address these problems, existing software to implement the techniques are not easily integrated with common GIS software. Accordingly, we propose to develop the Geographic Information System Statistical Toolset (GISST). GISST will combine state-of-the-art statistical methods for handling missing data with a web-based platform to facilitate spatial and temporal analysis. Through the use of interactive filters and guided wizards, analysts will be able to import data, choose appropriate statistical algorithms, visualize the results along both spatial and temporal dimensions, and optionally output the analysis in flexible formats to share with other researchers or to integrate with other tools. The statistical methods contained within GISST are specifically designed for time-series cross-sectional data, thereby allowing researchers to glean the most information possible from their data. Integrating these methods with GIS capabilities in one common toolset will dramatically reduce the burden on analysts, which in turn will improve the quality of results.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Clint Sanders
N111-062      Awarded:8/29/2011
Title:Spatio-Temporal Analysis in GIS Environments (STAGE)
Abstract:The DoD has identified the need for the integration of state-of-the-art spatio-temporal statistical methods within existing Geographic Information System (GIS) packages to create an integrated toolbox. The SBIR topic description has outlined three major requirements for the GIS-integrated spatio-temporal statistical analysis toolbox, i.e., (1) it must work seamlessly with the GIS software; (2) it must be implemented in Python or Visual Basic to enable an efficient analytical process; and (3) it must incorporate innovative statistical methods to deal with spatio-temporal data sets with missing or messy data. To build a GIS- integrated toolbox addressing these needs and requirements, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes an innovative approach called Spatio-Temporal Analysis in GIS Environments (STAGE). The Phase I STAGE SBIR effort will design add-on software modules for a commercial GIS product that will imbue it with powerful capabilities for sophisticated exploratory and inferential analysis of spatio-temporal data sets without leaving the GIS environment.

Parietal Systems, Inc.
510 Turnpike Street Suite 201
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 327-5210
John Fox
N111-062      Awarded:8/29/2011
Title:RASTA: Rapid Assessment of Spatio-Temporal Algorithms
Abstract:Recently, there have been significant theoretical advances in the fields of geo-statistics and spatio-temporal statistics. Unfortunately, the rapidly evolving technology has not yet resulted in off-the-shelf commercial toolkits, so the vast majority of the tools exist only as standalone, file based tools in Java, MATLAB, R, or python. Hence, the analysts that are using these technologies are forced to rely upon ad hoc workflows cobbled together from an amalgam of spatial databases, analysis engines and spatial visualization tools, such as ArcMAP or Google Earth. The result: a process that is both inefficient and error prone. During Phase I, PSI will develop a software framework that will allow emerging geo-statistical tools to be readily integrated into the systems of interest. The framework will be demonstrated through the integration of a number of PSI developed spatio-temporal analysis tools that will demonstrate the ability of the framework to support several distinct classes of geospatial and spatio-temporal statistical tools into both ArcMAP and Google Earth. During Phase II, our attention will shift towards creating a more complete set of tools, while at the same time extending the basic toolkit to address meaningful problems not typically addressed in commercial toolkits, such as the handling of missing data.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Ssu-Hsin Yu
N111-062      Awarded:8/30/2011
Title:Bayesian Hierarchical Spatio-temporal Data Analysis Toolbox for GIS
Abstract:Scientific Systems proposes to develop a spatio-temporal data analysis toolbox to seamlessly integrate into GIS software so that users can invoke the toolbox for advanced statistical analyses without explicitly leaving their GIS software. The toolbox will have the capabilities for users to interpolate, infer, predict and interpret spatio-temporal data. The toolbox will be capable of handling issues typically encountered in real-life applications such as missing data, misaligned data and mixed data types. Furthermore, the toolbox will be built with the ability to leverage other packages and to ensure future extensibility.Our goal in Phase 1 is to identify the GIS software and the spatio-temporal analysis techniques that are best suited for the spatio-temporal data of customers’ interest. The evaluation and selection of the spatio-temporal analysis techniques and the GIS software will lay the foundation for the integration of the spatio-temporal software tools into the GIS software of choice in Phase 2. Our approach is based on Bayesian hierarchical modeling, which permits very general models for temporally and geographically referenced data. Under the Bayesian hierarchical framework, we also incorporate an innovative approach that can adapt the model to sudden changes in data property.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Magnus Snorrason
N111-063      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Compact Aerial Video Exploitation (CAVE)
Abstract:Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles have become a critical part of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, supplying valuable aerial imagery to ground forces. Unfortunately, operational ISR is compromised by the stringent size, weight, and power constraints of small UAVs to support real-time processing of imagery and transmitting valuable ISR results over limited-bandwidth communication links. Therefore, the potentially game-changing combination of high-resolution ISR and tactical-edge availability has not yet materialized. Our proposed solution is an integrated hardware/software system designed to process high-resolution video data at full video-rate onboard a small UAV. The software performs target recognition and feature-aided tracking, such that only narrow-bandwidth results need to be transmitted back to the user. Our solution employs a revolutionary computing hardware architecture offering several orders of magnitude greater efficiency over conventional processors in terms of throughput vs. power consumption. The key innovation is a slightly reduced precision arithmetic logic unit (ALU) built from just a few thousand transistors, instead of the hundreds of thousands used in modern floating point units. Our simulations show that simple parallel architectures based on these extremely small ALUs run applications 10,000 times more efficiently (faster, or lower power) than modern CPUs and 100 times more efficiently than GPUs.

Coherent Logix, Incorporated
1120 South Capital of Texas Highway Building 3, Suite 310
Austin, TX 78746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 826-2583
Martin Hunt
N111-063      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:HyperX Adaptive Resolution Reconnaissance Information Extraction (HARRIER)
Abstract:Coherent Logix, Incorporated proposes the development of a closely coupled imaging sensor and massively parallel processor that will enable a new level of autonomous operation of Unmanned Air Systems. The HARRIER system will provide a computing architecture that supports advanced computer vision algorithms for robust object tracking both in the air and on the ground/sea. This combination of hardware and software algorithms will result in a camera system with the capability to processes selected regions of interest at a high rate that is sufficient for the sense and avoid function. The base hardware platform for HARRIER will be the SAFER camera currently being developed on another DoD program; this proposal leverages the close integration of the sCMOS sensor and the HyperX computing fabric. Close coupling of the compute function with the sensor enables a high bandwidth data flow path without excessive cabling, low latency and pipelined data flow with per frame feedback to sensor acquisition parameters, and the ability to run analysis and encoding at the point where the full depth of information is available. In addition the HARRIER camera will be software reconfigurable and programmed using industry standard ANSI C and Message Passing Interface parallel processing protocol.

EUTECUS Inc.
1936 University Avenue Suite 360
Berkeley, CA 94704
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 540-9603
Csaba Rekeczky
N111-063      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Multi-fovea Parallel Sensor-processor Architectures and Algorithms for UAV Platforms
Abstract:Eutecus proposes to design and develop the next generation of advanced sensor electronics to improve existing UAV based persistent surveillance and sense-and-avoid capabilities. The new device will consist of the following main components: (i) a specific sensor-processor front-end sensitive in VIS/NIR wavelength with minimum array size of 1024x1024 and frame rates above 1kHz; and (ii) a generic, scalable multi-core processor back-end with embedded algorithms supporting real-time image stabilization and multi-fovea feature/signature analysis for improved terrain/object recognition and sense-and-avoid type processing. The ROIC carrier of the advanced sensor component will be implemented in ASIC, while the multi-core processor solution in high-end FPGA. The integrated product will meet defense- grade requirements. Proof-of-concept hardware development is planned in Phase I combined with field tests in order to validate the technology and provide input for refining Phase II goals. Eutecus is working with multiple Prime contractors (including NGC, LMCO and BAE – all provided support letters) to ensure that design objectives of this program will be optimized for relevant defense applications.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ross Eaton
N111-064      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Combining Aiding Sensors with Multiple IMUs for Navigation Optimization (CAMINO)
Abstract:The Navy is procuring many small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) to augment battlespace awareness in complex littoral environments. Effective deployment of these assets requires highly accurate navigational capabilities, but current high accuracy underwater navigation techniques have size, weight, power consumption, and cost (SWAP-C) requirements that exceed platform limits. Therefore, widespread deployment of small UUV assets depends on the development of navigation solutions that provide accurate navigation at low SWAP-C. To enable high accuracy navigation on small UUVs, we propose a system for Combining Aiding Sensors with Multiple IMUs for Navigation Optimization (CAMINO). CAMINO uses a novel hierarchical particle filter to combine noisy measurements from multiple IMUs and direct observations of platform state from secondary sensors, including depth sensors, compasses, and inclinometers. This approach allows CAMINO to model complex uncertainties from a variety of sensors while leveraging the strengths of each sensor to maintain an accurate estimate of UUV geolocation and orientation. During Phase I, we will identify promising low-SWAP-C sensors through a trade study and leverage our unique access to UUV testing resources under existing ONR programs to build a functional CAMINO prototype with integrated hardware and software components to demonstrate the feasibility of the CAMINO system through in-water testing.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
3885 Research Park Dr
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Douglas Haanpaa
N111-064      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:High Accuracy Navigation Systems for Low Power UUVs
Abstract:Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUVs) are used by the Navy for mine reconnaissance, sea floor mapping, and to aid in the detection of submarines. They commonly use underwater acoustic positioning to navigate undersea, but this technology requires the presence of fixed position transponders. Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) provide an alternative navigation solution that uses the Global Positioning System (GPS) and dead reckoning to eliminate the external fixed transponders from the system. High accuracy INS systems are expensive, large, and power hungry. While they can be used in large UUVs, they are not suited for small, low power UUVs due to the available space and power. The Navy is requesting a miniature, low power, low cost, high accuracy inertial navigation system (INS) that can enable low power UUVs to navigate in littoral environments.Cybernet Systems Corporation is proposing a solution to the UUV navigation problem using multiple, self calibrating Micro-Electro-Mechanical (MEMS) sensors based on our current Inertial Measurement and Magnetometer Module (I3M) technology. The system will use known constant inertial movements to continuously keep the device calibrated and use the redundant measurements to overcome the drift and accuracy issues that have plagued inertial MEMS in the past.

Fine Structure Technology LLC
5114 BALCONES WOODS DR STE 307 PMB 305
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 650-8314
Matthew Ellis
N111-064      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Improved MEMS inertial sensors with interferometric detection
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop navigation grade MEMS inertial sensors that use an ultra high resolution sensing technique for measuring proof mass motion. The goal of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of this concept by understanding the optical, mechanical, and electrical performance characteristics that result from using micro interferometric sensing in MEMS inertial sensors. Specific objectives of the Phase I effort are to (1) develop a system level model that captures the behaviors of interest and enables design decisions (2) demonstrate sufficient optical performance for high resolution sensing in a prototype scale package and (3) produce robust designs for an accelerometer and gyroscope. These technical areas will be explored to better understand the development risk and potential for commercial applications in high margin instrumentation markets and low margin consumer electronics markets.

Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.
27 Industrial Boulevard, Unit E
Medford, NY 11763
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 514-0315
Hans Bluem
N111-065      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Materials Processing with FEL Injector E-Beam
Abstract:Free Electron Lasers are the Navy HEL system of choice (ONR FEL INP) for the maritime environment primarily because of wavelength selectivity for atmospheric transmission and compatibility with evolving All-Electric Ship concepts. The FEL generates intense photon beams by extracting kinetic energy from very well defined and energetic electron beams. The process requires the production of modest energy (

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Justin Hill
N111-065      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Usage of Electron Beams for near-Petabyte CD-Data Storage and Bulk Materials Processing
Abstract:This proposal outlines a comprehensive research program to study and apply electron beam technology to a number of beneficial applications. Breaking down the key aspects which are unique to FEL injector Ebeam technology and evaluating them with respect to current technology or emerging technological value, allows for a thorough value assessment. In Phase I, Mainstream will assess the feasibility of several innovative small- and large-field applications of electron beam technology. These applications include high capacity data storage and high performance materials processing, joining, and fabrication. Based on detailed technical, market, and cost analyses performed in Phase I, the most promising applications will undergo proof of concept studies in the Phase II effort. Mainstream will experimentally demonstrate the improved performance, cost, and efficiency of electron beam- based technologies over the current state-of-the-art. In Phase III, the effort will focus on commercialization of this revolutionary technology.

Niowave Inc.
1012 N. Walnut St.
Lansing, MI 48906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 999-3475
Terry Grimm
N111-065      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Commercial Applications of Compact Superconducting Electron Linacs
Abstract:Recent advances in superconducting electron linacs have decreased the size and complexity of these systems such that they can be economically competitive with copper linacs and proton accelerators for a broad range of applications. Niowave is developing compact turn- key superconducting electron linacs that make use of commercial 4 K cryoplants and microwave power sources. This SBIR will explore applications of compact superconducting electron linacs for energies from 0.5-50 MeV. The applications identified to date cover a broad range including: ultrafast electron microscopy, welding and thermal modification, high frequency microwave and terahertz sources, free electron lasers, x-ray sources, isotope production, and accelerator driven sub-critical reactors. Potential applications will be investigated to determine the required beam energy, current and brightness. In addition, potential users will be recruited to invest in the concept through Phase II and Phase III. For the most promising applications, the electron linac design will be developed to a level adequate to cost the facility, pursue an operating license, and proceed with construction. As the commercial applications of superconducting electron linacs bring down the costs and advance the technology, defense programs such as the free electron laser will become more reliable and cost effective.

Acentech Incorporated
33 Moulton Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 499-8068
David Bowen
N111-066      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Low Frequency Underwater Projector for Long Range Acoustic Communications
Abstract:Acentech proposes to develop an underwater sound projector source that can be used for Low Frequency Long Range Acoustic Communications, and which is operational down to a depth of 1000 m. This transducer design incorporates new high output magnetostrictive materials that are robust, malleable and machinable, and which are arranged in ring fashion along with an innovative displacement amplification system employing curved lamina. Preliminary modeling and analysis of this new transducer indicate output levels substantially in excess of those required are achievable at and above 100 Hz in water, with relatively low voltage drive levels. Furthermore, due to the non-resonant nature of its design, there is a nearly linear response in both the magitude and phase of the output within its target frequency range. This Phase I proposal describes our approach to achieving the desired design by structural and equivalent circuit analysis, parameter optimization, as well as by consultations with industry partners in the materials, fabrication and manufacturing space. The results we obtain from Phase I will prepare us for the analysis, building and testing of a functional prototype transducer in Phase II.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
James McConnell
N111-066      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Low Frequency Projector for Long Range Acoustic Communications
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences will develop a sound projector to support acoustic communication for submarines operating at tactical depths and speeds. The projector will have a nominal bandwidth and submergence depth rating of nominally 150 to 300 Hz and 1 km, respectively. System concepts that compare and contrast a single, stand-alone projector versus multiple projectors in an array format will be assessed. Analysis will also be performed to evaluate the utility of singly and doubly resonant projectors for each of the system concepts under consideration. Lumped parameter electro-mechanical-acoustical circuit models and finite element models will be used to evaluate the performance of each projector concept. Together with system-wide sonar analysis, a projector design will be down-selected and a quarter- scale prototype will be fabricated and tested.

Etrema Products, Inc.
2500 N. Loop Drive
Ames, IA 50010
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(515) 296-8030
Julie Slaughter
N111-066      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Low Frequency Projector for Long Range Acoustic Communications
Abstract:Etrema proposes to develop a free-flooded Galfenol split-ring transducer that will provide 50- 75 Hz of bandwidth on a 200 Hz carrier wave capable of operating at depths up to 1000 m with a source level greater than 190 dB re 1uPa @ 1m. While there are no specifications on size, the desire expressed by the technical point of contact is for a source that will fit on a standard pallet. By combining the depth-independence and bandwidth of a free-flooded magnetostrictive ring with the compact size of a split-ring, the resulting transducer should meet the objectives for the communications application. Design options which decrease size and improve performance will be explored.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Jim Powers
N111-066      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Low Frequency Projector for Long Range Acoustic Communications
Abstract:Continuous communication is possible only when submarines deploy a receiving antenna while operating at or near the surface. This imposes a restriction upon the submarine's operating depth and its speed, as well as increasing its exposure to detection. Low Frequency Long Range Acoustic Communications has the potential to meet some of the needs in this long standing capability gap.Operating at lower frequencies offers more range at the expense of bandwidth, and has been explored to some degree, but research in the 100 to 200 Hz range has been hampered by the lack of a suitable projector. Develop a coherent acoustic projector that will provide 50-75 Hz of BW on a 300 Hz carrier at a depth of 1000 m.

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Samik Das
N111-067      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Underwater Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Propellers
Abstract:Monitoring the health of composite propeller structures and identifying problems before they can affect the integrity and safe operation has been a long-term goal in naval industry. Composite propellers are being developed by the Navy for a number of potential benefits, including reducing weight and maintenance requirements, while increasing design flexibility and performance. However like all other composite construction composite propellers are prone to damage. Hence a robust Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system is required to monitor the in-service composite propeller. This will also reduce maintenance cost and also help design in more cost effective composite propeller. Acellent proposes to develop an underwater Structural Health Monitoring system for composite propeller. This development will address all the challenges such as sensor and connector design in underwater environment and in-service real-time inspection, operational and environmental variability, damage diagnosis and classification. Acellent will develop an embedded SMART layer system for composite propeller monitoring with statistical data analysis software to diagnose the health of the composite structure. Acellent’s ultimate goal will be to develop a complete SHM system for monitoring the health of composite propellers used in naval vessel.

FBS, Inc.
3340 West College Ave.
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-3437
Roger Royer
N111-067      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Underwater Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Navy Propellers
Abstract:Advanced composite materials are currently being considered for use in propellers on Navy ships. However, limited in-service data exists on the performance of these materials which leads to excessive pre-service testing and a tendency to overdesign components. Therefore, to reduce the excessive testing, overdesign tendencies and implementation time while not compromising safety, there is currently a need for a permanently installed SHM system capable of detecting and characterizing early stages of in-service damage to composite propellers. FBS, Inc. proposes the development of an ultrasonic guided wave approach. The system consists of an array of flexible guided wave sensors which can be surface mounted or embedded inside the composite component. The guided wave sensors can function either as ultrasonic transmitters or receivers in order to send and receive guided wave energy between them. Changes occurring to the received signals due to the introduction of damage can be monitored over time, in real time or periodically, to alert personnel if and when damage occurs. A key advantage of the proposed approach is the fact that guided waves can travel long distances in the structure making it possible to monitor the entire component with only a few sensors mounted at fixed locations.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4509
Dan Metrey
N111-067      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Underwater Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Navy Propellers
Abstract:Composite materials are beginning to be widely utilized throughout the military and commercial sectors. These advanced materials offer several advantages, including high strength to weight ratios, manipulative properties, and corrosion resistance. Of interest is the use of composite materials in Navy propellers where improvements in dynamic and acoustic performance are possible along with weight savings and reduced maintenance. However, lack of legacy design data and concerns over fatigue, environmental stability, damage tolerance, and other issues exist. There is consequently a high risk assigned to the use of advanced composites. To mitigate the risk, composites structures must be extensively evaluated at significant cost and overdesigned with a high factor of safety, often negating several of the achievable advantages. Structural health monitoring (SHM) can be implemented to reduce qualification testing and overdesign by characterizing design flaws in the development process and identifying material damage while in-service prior to catastrophic failure. Luna Innovations Incorporated is proposing to apply its embedded fiber optic strain monitoring and health management system for Navy propellers. The proposed system will be flexible in nature, capable of supporting a variety of cross-cutting structural strain sensing and health monitoring applications and readily integrated into the platform.

Metis Design Corporation
10 Canal Park Suite 601
Cambridge, MA 02141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-5616
Seth Kessler
N111-067      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Guided Wave-based SHM of Composite Navy Propellers
Abstract:The implementation of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems into naval applications has been hindered by component quantity, including sensors, cables, and acquisition/computation units, as well as data quality. Particularly for large-area applications such ship hulls, complexity of the implied system infrastructure can be impractical, and data effected by attenuation and EMI-pickup along analog cables. The payoff of reliable SHM would be the ability to detect/characterize in-situ damage for condition-based maintenance, thereby greatly reducing overall life-cycle costs. Metis Design Corporation (MDC) has demonstrated point-of-measurement datalogging and digital sensor-busing during prior Phase II SBIRs, which minimizes SHM infrastructure and EMI susceptibility. During the proposed SBIR, MDC will further exploit this low-mass, long-range, scalable SHM architecture to satisfy Navy requirements for damage detection in composite propellers. Previously developed analytical models will be modified to simulate the wave response for relevant material and geometry (as identified by commercialization partner Rolls-Royce). Piezoelectric-based guided wave methods will be used to interrogate the structure, and pattern recognition-based algorithms will be trained specifically for the detection of damage and characterization of its severity. Finally, MDC will instrument several representative specimens built by Rolls-Royce to generate probability of detection and accuracy versus damage size curves for the proposed method.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 604-0077
Joseph Buck
N111-068      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Affordable Beam Control Technology for Compact Beam Directors
Abstract:The proposed effort will provide a new capability for high-energy laser (HEL) weapon targeting by creating a low-cost, compact, agile, wide-area, non-mechanical, beam director for high-energy lasers that mitigates turbulence and thermal blooming to be integrated into existing submarine universal modular masts. The concept outlined in this proposal creates a completely conformal aperture for a rugged, low-maintenance directed energy system. The design meets the requested specifications including: 100 kW power handling, wide-area beam control (Altitude: -30° to +80°; Azimuth: 360°), 0.01 micro-radian accuracy, 20 G shock, and 100 psi pressure. The non-mechanical solution provides low SWaP, fast switching, and random access, while incorporating wavefront correction to mitigate thermal blooming and atmospheric impacts on beam propagation. The proposed effort will develop a full system model and trade study for applying these techniques to a submarine high-energy laser system, which will positively impact the application of all EO and optical systems to submarines.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 375-1158
Don Washburn
N111-068      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Submarine Beam Director and Beam Control System
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR will address design issues for High Energy Laser Beam Director which fits in the Navy's Universal Modular Mast residing on Virginia class submarines. Our approach will be to derive submarine-specific requirements, and to adapt beam director and beam control system technology from our other beam director design and fabrication efforts, notably OTHELA and HBD, to those requirements.

Optical Physics Company
26610 Agoura Road Suite 240
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 880-2907
Richard Hutchin
N111-068      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Compact Beam Director for Submarine-based High Energy Laser (HEL)
Abstract:Optical Physics Company (OPC) is proposing to develop an innovative transmissive beam director which can meet the challenging size and performance requirements of the submarine platform. An ordinary beam director that fits into the volume specified would be limited to a 13-15 cm aperture. The transmissive OPC design allows for a 30 cm transmit aperture to enable four times the brightness and double the lethal range using only about 55% of the allocated volume on the Universal Modular Mast (UMM). Accurate tracking, short acquisition time, wavefront correction, and long burn time are built-in features of the beam director. The design builds on and leverages multiple ongoing projects at OPC, including submicroradian closed loop boresight sensing, beaconless wavefront control and wrinkle proof deformable mirrors. During the base Phase I effort OPC will perform a trade study and select a baseline design with Navy TPOC participation. The design feasibility, targeting capability, and performance estimates regarding wavefront correction and jitter control will be proven by simulation and analytic studies. During the Phase I option effort a Phase II prototype design and manufacturing plan will be formulated. The Phase I option will end with a Preliminary Design Review (PDR).

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2312
Alexandra Geyer
N111-069      Awarded:4/8/2011
Title:Portable Adaptive Cognitive Training (PACT)
Abstract:The unpredictable and complex environment of current military operations poses significant cognitive challenges on today’s Warfighters. Superior cognitive function is necessary for Warfighters to be able to critically assess their surrounding environment, quickly and effectively solve problems, make decisions, and adapt to changing or unanticipated situations. Recent scientific advances suggest that cognitive training could lead to increased general cognitive abilities, including enhancement in fluid intelligence. Despite the encouraging results suggesting improvement in fluid intelligence through cognitive skills training, there is still very little consensus in the literature on how to develop effective cognitive skills training or how to evaluate it, including assessing transfer to real world situations. Aptima’s solution for training and improving cognitive function called PACT (Portable Adaptive Cognitive Training). PACT will be an ultra-portable, platform agnostic, adaptive training game system that will enhance cognitive capacity in healthy as well as cognitively impaired individuals through the use of empirically validated cognitive exercises embedded into an engaging and motivating game environment. PACT will utilize an innovative approach for bridging the science-game divide by transforming validated cognitive training exercises into core game mechanics that can be applied to a variety of different gaming environments.

CurriculaWorks
652 Bair Island Road, Suite 210
Redwood City, CA 94063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 283-4129
Lynn Krause
N111-069      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Brain fitness training program to enhance cognitive function via remote ultra-mobile computing
Abstract:Operation Mental Scorpion is a multi-platform brain trainer software program delivered in an engaging format that provides rigorous training of working memory capacity using adaptive technology and a highly motivational learning environment. The activities and progression through the activities in Operation Mental Scorpion are anchored in the most current brain development and motivation research and delivered using cutting edge multi-platform technologies and sophisticated data collection and analysis.

Psychology Software Tools, Inc.
311 23rd Street Extension Suite 200
Sharpsburg, PA 15215
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 449-0078
Anthony Zuccolotto
N111-069      Awarded:12/1/2011
Title:Brain fitness training program to enhance cognitive function via remote ultra-mobile computing
Abstract:This effort is to develop an evidence-based scientific Brain Fitness Training (BFT) program to accelerate brain growth and improve cognitive function. The goal is to create a mobile computing technology that can be used during initial military training or pre-entry training to raise the domain general cognitive skills by US military recruits substantially (one standard deviation) in working memory, fluid intelligence, meta-cognitive ability, attention control, and affect management with a modest training investment (less than 40 hours). The project involves a synergy of neuroscience, cognitive training, molecular biology of neuron growth, brain imaging, and mobile computing. This proposal focuses on the development of the mobile technology for delivery, performance, motivation, and remote management of BFT. The project tests the effectiveness of computer based gaming, competition, and tracking to maintain intense and reliable effort to improve cognitive function. Experiments will examine whether Brain Fitness Training (BFT)using the method of Competitive Adaptive High Intensity Training (CAHIT) can accelerate brain growth and increase ability in both controlled laboratory and mobile computing applications.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2430
Stacy Pfautz
N111-070      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Adjustable Balanced Autonomy for Cargo/Casualty Unmanned Systems (ABACUS)
Abstract:Future operations will increasingly utilize Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) to accomplish missions which involve a high degree of uncertainty, such as complex cargo and casualty evacuation. Quite often these missions require U.S. and coalition forces to face challenging and dangerous environments with little advance knowledge or information about their surroundings. Such situations may also require novice users to operate a UAS without the knowledge, skills, or abilities that experienced aviators possess. A scalable user interface approach is needed to enable a wide range of users to interact with highly autonomous VTOL systems. Aptima and our partners propose to address this challenge by developing ABACUS (Adjustable Balanced Autonomy for Cargo/Casualty Unmanned Systems), an application that supports high-level human/UAS interaction and includes:An adjustable autonomy framework that will guide the level of UAS autonomy and adjust to the level of human operator involvement;A scalable user interface based on ecological interface design and capable of using multimodal inputs including 2D/3D gestures/voice; andState of the art automation algorithms that incorporate mission objectives, priorities, constraints, and knowledge from human operators.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
James Bona
N111-070      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Scalable Warfighter Interface to Support a High-level Interactions with an Autonomous Cargo and Casualty Evacuation Unmanned Air System at Remote, Unp
Abstract:UAVs are well suited for the resupply mission, reducing risk to human air crews and allowing more sorties (number of pilots and physical human requirements are currently limiters). Current users of a UAV systems must be trained and maintain domain specific knowledge regarding UAV operations (flight duration, waypoint selection, capabilities of the vehicle and in flight monitoring) in order to accomplish their “single mission objective” of imaging an area. This mission planning paradigm place undue burden on the warfighter and limits the number of users who can utilize the UAV resource. In order to make umanned resupply available to the average warfighter the system must move to a goal or objective oriented paradigm. For the unmanned resupply this would mean that the user should only be tasked with describing the payload needed and LZ characteristics (slope, ground conditions, obstacles, force position and strength, etc). The system (UAV and GCS) would then take care of asset selection, path planning, in flight monitoring, corrective action, ingress and egress. Partitioning of the required functionality between UAV and GCS will allow for early field insertion and migration as UAVs become more autonomous. This system will increase the effectiveness of the warfighter while reducing risk.

Polarity Labs
1801 Century Park East, 24th Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 218-6890
Stephane Fymat
N111-070      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Scalable Warfighter Interface for AACUS
Abstract:We propose to develop a multi-modal interaction framework an unmanned helicopter and warfighers who are not skilled UAS operators. This framework can support multiple modes, such as sketch, speech, chat and gesture, including simultaneous multi-modal input in one interaction.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 887-7620
Glenn Taylor
N111-070      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Smart Interaction Device for VTOL UAS
Abstract:Current Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) require a great deal of specialized training and experience to use effectively. Furthermore, their use is dominated by a paradigm of control in which a highly trained operator is giving very precise, low-level commands to a UAS. As UAS become more autonomous, they will require less control, but will instead require input from a range of users, including high-level directions or other kinds of mission-relevant information. However, current operator control units (OCUs) are stuck in the paradigm of explicit control. To take advantage of increasing autonomy and to broaden the range of users, new kinds of robust natural interfaces, including multiple modes of input and output, must be developed that allow users with various skill levels to interact with UAS in a variety of environments. SoarTech proposes to leverage prior work on a multi-modal interfaces for interacting with autonomous systems. We will extend this work to the VTOL UAS domain, making it robust to a range of user skill levels and experience, including multiple redundant forms of input and output that are appropriate to a range of environments in which forward deployed units need to interact with autonomous UAS.

Barber-Nichols Inc.
6325 West 55th Avenue
Arvada, CO 80002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 421-8111
Jason Preuss
N111-071      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Thermal Conversion Device for Hydrothermal Vents
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop technology which will enable electricity to be produced and stored by utilizing geothermal energy emanating from the fissures in the bottom of the ocean. Geothermal energy is abundant. It is estimated that 67,000 km of ridges exist in the ocean that contain geothermal activity (Baker and German, 2004). Many of these resources are at depths from 1500m to 2500m. At these depths, the saturation temperature of water exceeds 300C with adjacent cold water at 5C. Given the unique nature of the location and the reasonable temperature difference, a high efficiency power conversion system would ordinarily be an easy exercise. However, the depth and nature of the resource compound the engineering problem. It is envisioned that the cost of installation will necessitate an extremely reliable system that will not be able to be serviced or even retrieved. Other factors including heat exchanger fouling to mineral condensation and biological organisms should not be ignored. The specification requires not only electric power production, but storage. At 100 kWe output, the electric storage requirements may dominate the system size depending on the storage technology utilized.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jeffrey Breedlove
N111-071      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Turbo-Rankine Power System for Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents
Abstract:Hydrothermal vents emit large amounts of hot water, which has the potential to produce electric power. This type of power source could enable remote sea sensors, recharge autonomous underwater vehicles, and facilitate a variety of deep sea activities. Developing a power system for this application is challenging because the environment is extremely corrosive, mineral precipitation and biological activity can obstruct critical surfaces, and the system must operate reliably for long time periods without maintenance. In response, we propose to develop a turbo-Rankine power system that is optimized for hydrothermal vents. Our system will consist of discrete components that are packaged to fit optimally within a simple containment structure and around adjacent features and subsystems. In addition, continuous fluid flow within the system will communicate directly with the heat source and heat rejection environment, without intermediate flow loops or large thermal structures. Creare is well suited to succeed because we have a long history of developing advanced turbomachines, heat exchangers, and thermodynamic systems for challenging aerospace and terrestrial applications. During Phase I, we will optimize design trades, complete a preliminary design, and test a subscale version of the heat exchanger that will interact with the hydrothermal vent. We will then fabricate and test a brassboard system during Phase II.

Maritime Applied Physics Corporation
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 837-6175
Keith Scidmore
N111-071      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Thermal Conversion Device for Hydrothermal Vents
Abstract:One of the primary limitations of underwater sensors, unmanned underwater vehicles, and autonomous systems, especially in remote or deep locations, is the availability of energy. System endurance, speed, cost, and power for onboard systems can all benefit from the availability of in-situ power generation stations. Maritime Applied Physics Corporation (MAPC) proposes to design a modular, solid-state thermoelectric generator (TEG), based on the Seebeck/Peltier effect using customized available components, to extract electrical power from high temperature geothermal vents in deep sea areas. This 20 kilowatt system and its deployment method will address exposure to corrosive liquids, simultaneous extremes in hot and cold, very high ambient pressures, fouling by solids precipitated from cooling liquid, abrasion by suspended particles, and encrustation by sulfur oxidizing bacteria and organisms attracted to the sulfur-oxidizing bacteria that make up the local vent ecosystem. Successful completion of the Phase I design will readily lead to the Phase II development of a brassboard prototype and the opportunity for commercialization of this product.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 320-8552
Thomas Walter
N111-071      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Thermal Conversion Device for Hydrothermal Vents
Abstract:Applications ranging from deep water drilling rigs and wells to in-situ seismographs and AUV recharging require subsurface electrical power. Undersea thermal vents create opportunities to generate significant levels of at-sea power. Effectively harnessed, benefits derived from subsea power sources range from increased station-keeping to persistent surveillance.Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) proposes an approach that will result in compact and durable closed Rankine cycle systems that provide electric power in deep sea environments. A single high-speed rotating machine, with oil-free, process lubricated bearings in a hermetically sealed package forms the heart of a system that will be durable, lightweight and small in size.Successful development of the MSI technology will help meet the ever-growing demand for more electric power in subsea environments. The MSI system will be maintenance-free, easy to deploy, with simple yet practical means to negate the fouling effects typically encountered in hydrothermal vents. Phase II will provide a prototype of a practical and cost-effective thermal-to-electric power conversion system. MSI’s Phase I pre-proposal analysis work included assessment of a sample cycle using a standard power fluid with good results. Phase I work will verify the feasibility of the approach against a definitive set of hydrothermal and subsea specifications.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jun Yan
N111-072      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Coastal and riverine hydrodynamic energy harvesters with autonomous deployment
Abstract:Agiltron, Inc. and the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center propose hydrodynamic flow energy harvesting systems with autonomous deployment in coastal and riverine environments. The highly-scalable energy harvester, with target rate of 300W per unit, will be self-deployed and anchoring to various costal and riverine bottoms, and adaptable to these environments over most commonly available range of flow velocities. The non-turbine design is inconspicuous, highly modular, environment friendly, and easy for maintenance, modification, and decommission if needed. Depending on the available hydrodynamic resource, the harvester will operate in standby or harvesting modes, and it will always have a net-gain in energy (power generated is always greater than consumed). The technical approach will be proved in Phase I through numerical analysis, design, prototype fabrication, and wave testing. Prototypes of autonomously deployable energy harvester will be produced in Phase II for open-water testing.

Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC
P.O. Box 81386
Wellesley, MA 02481
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 795-1968
Gideon Coltof
N111-072      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Autonomously deployed energy harvesting system in coastal and riverine environment
Abstract:The Navy is seeking a self-deployable, compact, energy harvesting system capable of extracting hydrodynamic flow energy from the littorals, surf zones, and rivers for unmanned system propulsion or for sensor operations. The system should be easily integratable as a module to a number of existing underwater deployed sensors and unmanned underwater vehicles. Bodkin Design & Engineering, LLC (Newton, MA) is proposing a wave power to electricity generator that will continuously generate and store power from wave energy in the littoral zone. This system will be ideally suited for powering unattended sensors. The generator incorporates a robust electrical generator which converts mechanical motion from the passing of overhead waves to electrical energy. Energy is stored in a heavy-duty battery for on-demand use.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Jeremiah Slade
N111-072      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Autonomously deployed energy harvesting system in coastal and riverine environment
Abstract:The capabilities and mission profile of underwater sensors and autonomous systems are often significantly limited by the availability of onboard energy. The issue of energy limitation becomes more severe for autonomous systems deployed in the littorals, in surf zones, and in rivers due to the difficulties of deploying and retrieving these systems to replace batteries. Environmental energy harvesting systems based on solar or wind may be impractical due to high visibility and unreliability of the energy source. However, there exists the potential to extract the abundant hydrodynamic energy in these environments and use it to recharge the batteries onboard deployed systems. Infoscitex Corporation (IST) and SRI International (SRI) will address this opportunity by developing a modular hydrokinetic energy harvesting solution that is easy to transport and handle, adaptable, durable, and self deploying. This solution will be accomplished by utilizing a relatively new energy generation technology based on electroactive polymers (EAP). EAPs are elastomeric materials that are able to efficiently convert mechanical strains into electrical currents. IST and its collaborators at SRI have already successfully developed and evaluated a number of energy harvesting systems based on these materials.

Pliant Energy Systems LLC
Brooklyn Navy Yard, 63 Flushing Avenue Unit 195 Building 280, Suite 515
Brooklyn, NY 11205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(347) 687-4489
Kevin McNamara
N111-072      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Autonomously deployed energy harvesting system in coastal and riverine environment
Abstract:The Power Frond Generator utilizes unique geometry and flexible electroactive polymers to capture hydrokinetic energy via dynamic material strain. It accomplishes this without the need for bearings or exposed moving parts. The Power Frond is highly resistant to extreme events such as excessive water-flow speeds and impacting objects. It is highly resistant to fouling from debris and to corrosion. In the proposed Phase I program Pliant Energy Systems will conceive and model an integrated unit for in-stream deployment which harvests hydrokinetic energy, converts it to usable power and stores excess for use by sensors and Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs). Phase I Option will analyze the model and create a risk assessment for the anticipated build in Phase II.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 971-2027
Mark Carlson
N111-072      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Autonomously deployed energy harvesting system in coastal and riverine environment
Abstract:Reliable, efficient remote energy consuming systems require a method for producing their own energy in order to be effective and viable for long term operations. Batteries have been the Achilles heel for stand alone systems, and thereby make their operation temporary, and costly to maintain. Marine based sensor systems, and/or charging stations can utilize the mechanical energy inherent in the wave/water motion to support full stand alone operation. SA Photonics has developed a linear and rotary generator system suite that captures and converts the energy produced in the coastal, riverine and littoral zones to support underwater sensor systems and UUV charging stations. Our energy harvesting hardware utilizes two different generator technologies to capture the optimum amount of energy available within the different shallow water regions.

JENTEK Sensors, Inc.
110-1 Clematis Avenue
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 642-9666
Zachary Thomas
N111-073      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Magnetoquasistatic and Electroquasistatic Sensor Arrays for Inspection of Railgun Composite Containment Structure
Abstract:Safe and efficient operation of the naval electromagnetic rail gun (EMRG) requires a capability to monitor the health of the composite containment structure. Advanced instrumentation is needed to detect and monitor stress, damage and temperature within this critical structure.JENTEK’s family of inductive and capacitive sensors and arrays have the potential to meet this challenge. The Meandering Winding Magnetometer (MWM), for application to conducting materials such as graphite fiber reinforced composites, has a proven track record of providing superior inspection capability for critical components such as engine disks and has demonstrated capability to image deposit thickness on railgun rails. JENTEK’s Segmented Field Dielectrometer (SFD) has demonstrated capability to detect stress, damage and water intrusion in insulating materials such as glass fiber reinforced composites.This proposed Phase I program will evaluate feasibility of adapting both MWM and SFD sensing modalities for monitoring stress, damage and temperature in the composite containment structure of the EMRG. The goal is to perform both scanning/imaging inspections between shots and to provide a monitoring capability of structural health during shots.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1696
Matthew Davis
N111-073      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Composite Shape, Strain and Temperature Monitoring of EMRG Structures
Abstract:Damage to the composite containment structure surrounding and forming the structural members of electromagnetic launchers is difficult to detect using conventional non- destructive methods. These methods do not operate at the speeds necessary to detect impending failures between launches. Additionally, temperature data at high spatial resolutions are essential to predictions of health of the structure and remaining life. A heath monitoring and temperature sensing system is needed to ensure successful development and deployment of these future weapons platforms. Luna Innovations is proposing to develop a fiber optic shape, strain, and temperature monitoring system for Navy electromagnetic launch systems. The proposed system will be capable of making distributed strain and temperature measurements. High frequency temperature sensors will also be developed that will capture the transient temperatures present during a launch. The use of a fiber optic system has many advantages in size, weight, flexibility, and most importantly its inherent resistance to high EMI environments. During Phase I, Luna will demonstrate the feasibility of the system through extensive modeling and testing. During Phase II the team will validate the system during field testing on railgun prototypes, demonstrating the performance of the sensing system.

PNTS Incorporated
11 Deerpark Drive Suite 102-I
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9550
Richard Skibo
N111-073      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Advanced Standoff Instrumentation and Non-Destructive Evaluation for Composite Structures
Abstract:PNTS Incorporated (formerly Princeton Nanotechnology Systems) has teamed with researchers from Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, to provide a novel, comprehensive response to SBIR Topic N111-073. In this program, we propose to combine Wright State University’s research in non-destructive testing using terahertz radiation with the earlier Princeton Nanotechnology Systems work performed under recent SBIR contracts from DTRA and DARPA. The PNTS team feels that the combination of terahertz imaging, coupled with aplanatic optics, compressive sensing, and extensive digital signal processing will provide a rich set of capabilities to measure temperature, strain, as well as real time imaging of defects under the unprecedented set of demanding conditions extant in the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG) environment. Moreover, terahertz radiation is relatively immune from the gas and particulates that would obscure or otherwise impair laser or other optical based metrology systems. The final deliverable will include not only experimental data and analysis, but also, a prototypical design of the hardware components, software platform, and simulation results of the relevant performance characteristics using continuous wave terahertz imaging technology and compressive sensing for the final solution. This methodology will provide a robust system design and the ability to employ a dynamic product suite, ranging from fixed emplacements for large EMRG monitoring to portable easily deployable devices for smaller installations. Risks often associated with the transition of technology from Phase I to Phases II and III will be mitigated as PNTS, Wright State University, and their other respective partners are already current engaged in the design and development of software and hardware components similar to what would be incorporated into the deliverable system(s) for Phase II and III.

Q Peak, Inc.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Alex Dergachev
N111-073      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Laser Ultrasonic Testing of Rail-Gun Composite Structures
Abstract:We propose to develop a laser ultrasonic system that addresses the US Navy needs for non- destructive inspection technology of composite containment structures in electro-magnetic rail-gun launchers. The laser ultrasonic system provides fast, non-contact evaluation of composites and can detect various internal defects, bond integrity, cracks, delamination, and porosity. The system will be based on Q-Peak’s innovative, mid-IR, laser source for ultrasound generation, which facilitates the development of a compact, mobile instrument that meets the particular Navy application.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
David Bauer
N111-074      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Flexible Cooled Power Conductors for Electromagnetic Railguns
Abstract:Electromagnetic railguns are transitioning from single shot lab guns to a weapon system firing 6-12 rounds per minute. The cables that supply the railgun current from the power supply must also make this transition. We propose to develop a flexible coaxial cable with cooled conductors to meet this need. The cable system will be designed to deliver the 5-6 mega-amps required by tactical railguns. The cable terminations will be designed to integrate with the limited space allowed at the launcher for these electrical connections. At the completion of Phase I, we will have: designed, built, and tested a prototype coaxial cable to meet the thermal demands.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Michael Cutbirth
N111-074      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Integrated Thermal Energy Storage in a Power Conductor for Electromagnetic Railguns
Abstract:The United States Navy is seeking a compact, flexible power conductor capable of handling the high magnitude, high transient pulsed loading required by a Naval Electromagnetic Railgun (EMRG.) Very high current levels (up to 6 mega-amps) carried over a compact cross-sectional area will result in significant heating. Mainstream has proposed a solution that minimizes complexity, requires minimal volume, and uses no external power to provide cooling. The transient nature of the loading on the conductor lends itself to cooling by thermal energy storage. In the Phase I effort, Mainstream will use finite element modeling to design a power conductor with an integrated thermal storage system and will experimentally test a scaled prototype. Mainstream’s innovative conductor reduces weight and cost and increases flexibility compared to a standard conductor.

NDI Engineering Company
100 Grove Road P.O. Box 518
Thorofare, NJ 08086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 997-7704
William Buonaccorsi
N111-074      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Flexible Cooled Power Conductors for Electromagnetic Railguns
Abstract:Develop a flexible, compact cable or conductor capable of handling the repetitive, high magnitude, high transient, pulsed loading and flexing service required by a Naval Electromagnetic Railgun (EMRG).

Tai-Yang Research Company
9112 Farrell Park Lane
Knoxville, FL 37922
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 805-7261
W. Marshall
N111-074      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Flexible Cooled Power Conductors for Electromagnetic Railguns
Abstract:The Tai-Yang Research Company (TYRC) proposes to develop a high current density, small cross section alternative to existing pulse power cables for the Navy electromagnetic rail gun. The proposed cable system will reduce the heat generated during a firing pulse and will effectively remove the heat by active means. The proposed cable assemblies will be terminated with a variant of TYRC's patent-pending quick disconnect termination for cryogenic electrical cables. The termination simultaneously couples the electrical and refrigerant flow circuits while minimizing the heat leak from the surroundings.The cooling system for the proposed cable will leverage present development efforts to build cryogenic refrigeration systems compatible with shipboard safety requirements.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
14585 Avion Pwy Suite 200
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Bob Smarrelli
N111-075      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Engineering Sensors for Towed Array Reliability
Abstract:Submarine thin-line Towed Arrays are subjected to extreme forces during deployment and retrieval in addition to tactical operations. These forces are generally significantly different in nature. In the past it has been especially difficult to monitor and characterize the stress imparted on the array during the deployment and retrieval cycles. To significantly improve Towed Array availability an objective systems engineering process must be implemented to analyze these events and develop a solution. The goal of the systems engineering team is to generate an open systems architecture that will enable the monitoring of towed array health during all modes of operation including the handling cycles. The evolution of modern network technology has enabled state of the art telemetry systems such as 3 Phoenix’s iPON Telemetry, to perform sophisticated real time Performance Monitoring and Fault Localization (PMFL). These tasks are executed on a continuous basis transporting data from specifically designed engineering sensors to support the adaptive reconfiguration of the telemetry system in the event of failures enabling localization of the failures within the array. The focus of this topic is to develop an engineering sensor capability for thin-line submarine towed arrays that will provide objective information that can be utilized in real-time in conjunction with the telemetry network and its associated control processor. The demonstration system proposed in this Phase I will provide the capability to monitor the health of the towed array handling system as well as the health of the towed array data network during all modes of operation. 3 Phoenix, Inc. (3Pi) will build upon existing SBIR and STTR developments to further enhance the PMFL capabilities of thinline towed array systems.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
N111-075      Awarded:5/8/2011
Title:Engineering Sensors for Towed Array Reliability
Abstract:TRI/Austin has developed a concept for an Engineering Performance Measurement System (EPMS) to be used to monitor the engineering performance of the Vector Sensor Towed Array (VSTA) while the VSTA is undergoing handling and tactical operations. The EPMS will piggy back onto the VSTA power and data networks. The data generated by the EPMS will be usable in real time by the sonar operator to modify operation of the towed array when critical loads are approached. The recorded data generated by the EPMS will allow the array system engineer to identify the critical points where the array handling system or the operational procedures have to be changed in order to reduce the impact on the towed array. The EPMS can be used to develop a full understanding of the interaction between the platform actions and the towed array reactions. The EPMS is designed to be able to operate when the array is not powered. As part of the effort, TRI/Austin proposes to modify the EPMS so that the engineering performance of current legacy towed arrays can be monitored. A different data transmission system is needed for the modified EPMS.

BTech Acoustics LLC
17 Surrey Rd.
Barrington, RI 02806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 261-9318
David Brown
N111-076      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Piezoelectric Single Crystal Property Assessment for Cost-Effective Optimized Naval SONAR Transducers
Abstract:Experimental evaluation of the electromechanical properties of relaxor piezoelectric single crystals under stress, thermal, electrical bias conditions is proposed through the use of various dynamic and static evaluation methods. The proposed phase I effort concentrates on evaluation of properties of PMN-PT using resonant bars, and Lumped-Parameter (L-P) dumbbell resonators under pressure loading and temperature biasing conditions.

Image Acoustics, Inc.
97 Elm Street
Cohasset, MA 02025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 383-2002
John Butler
N111-076      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Piezoelectric Single Crystal Property Assessment for Cost-Effective Optimized Naval SONAR Transducers
Abstract:This SBIR Proposal addresses the need for a “Piezoelectric Single Crystal Property Assessment for Cost-Effective Optimized Naval SONAR.” We have identified a SONAR transducer application that will benefit from this effort in which a characterization of the linear and non-linear electromechanical properties will be undertaken over a broad range of temperature-field-stress conditions. To this end we will utilize a targeted array of instruments specifically set up for these measurements. The experimental piezoelectric single crystal sample setup will be tracked with 3-D finite element models to ascertain the suitability of sample size, particularly in relationship to the modes of vibration. The measurements will then be applied to both linear and non-linear analytical and piece- wise finite element models. Ultimately, this data would be used to predict the full performance of the identified SONAR transducer application.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Jim Powers
N111-076      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Piezoelectric Single Crystal Property Assessment for Cost-Effective Optimized Naval SONAR Transducers
Abstract:Develop experimental methods and evaluate the linear and non-linear electromechanical properties of relaxor piezoelectric crystals under temperature-stress-field conditions relevant to naval SONAR systems. The domain of phase stability and property linearity for first generation binary, second generation ternary, and third generation doped materials should be assessed to optimize naval SONAR transducer designs. Work under this topic will characterize the linear and non-linear electromechanical properties of a broad range of materials compositions under a broad range of temperature-field-stress conditions to delineate the composition/properties that optimize a variety of naval SONAR transducers.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Jun Luo
N111-076      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Piezoelectric Single Crystal Property Assessment for Cost-Effective Optimized Naval SONAR Transducers
Abstract:The advanced relaxor-PT piezoelectric crystals, Mn:PIN-PMN-PT (manganese doped Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3), were initially developed by TRS and immediately attracted broad attention for the next generation of high power SONAR transducers due to their greatly improved electromechanical “hardness” (low mechanical loss) with well-maintained, extremely high electromechanical coupling coefficient. To fully evaluate the performance of Mn:PIN-PMN-PT crystals under the operating conditions in high power SONAR transducers, TRS Technologies, Inc. in collaboration with the Pennsylvania State University propose to systematically study the linear and nonlinear behaviors under broad ranges of mechanical stress, electric field and operating temperature. In the phase I program, the large signal, quasistatic measurement under variable stress, temperature and electric field is proposed as a main method of characterization, as it was proved to be effective to disclose the critical properties for SONAR transducer design; however, some preliminary dynamic measurements will be conducted as well. The characteristic internal bias observed in poled Mn:PIN-PMN-PT crystals will be studied to seek the possibility of eliminating the external DC bias in crystal transducer designs; meanwhile, the long term stability and reliability of Mn:PIN-PMN-PT crystals in a high power operating environment will be examined by fatigue and accelerated aging tests.

Weidlinger Associates, Inc.
375 Hudson St FL 12
New York, NY 10014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 230-0343
Paul Reynolds
N111-076      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Piezoelectric Single Crystal Property Assessment for Cost-Effective Optimized Naval SONAR Transducers
Abstract:Single crystal piezoelectric materials offer significant potential benefits to Navy SONAR transducers including higher power, greater bandwidth and greater efficiency. New compositions now offer improved characteristics even under higher temperature and other normally detrimental operating conditions. Transducer designers, however, are limited in their capabilities due to limited information as to the material properties under varying operating conditions of pressure, temperature, and electric field. This proposal offers a unique combination of measurement capability for materials under those conditions, laser vibrometer based surface displacements, and a numerical optimization method tied to a highly accurate finite element program (PZFlex) to ensure consistent, accurate, and reliable material properties. This will allow for linear and nonlinear analysis of Navy SONAR transducer designs quickly and accurately, reducing development costs and ensuring technologically advanced, robust, and reliable SONAR systems.

Applied Optimization, Inc.
714 E Monument Ave Ste 204
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-5100
Anil Chaudhary
N111-077      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Rapid Part Qualification Methodology of Aircraft Metallic Components using Direct Digital Manufacturing Technologies
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I proposal is to demonstrate feasibility of heuristic and adaptive design for direct digital manufacturing (DDM) of Ti-6Al-4V parts using LENSTM, NDE and limited mechanical testing for achieving low-cost certification. The Phase I approach is based on the principles of similitude and dimensionless analysis. The process design for the building blocks of the part is created using a dimensionless governing equation. This allows the design to be scaled to the physical dimensions needed for the part. The heuristics of part design is such that the thermal path of the material during the deposit of a building block is automatically matched with the thermal path during the deposit of the part. This allows the use of test data from the deposit of building blocks for part certification. Demonstration deposits of the building blocks and the part will be produced and tested as per the AMS 4999 specification. The test data for all building blocks in the part will be fused in order to determine the expected minima for the part material properties. Limited mechanical testing will performed on the part deposit in order to verify its properties with respect the computed minima from the building block deposit. The design procedures for the building block deposit and the part deposit will be documented in a draft DDM procedure specification. The experimental data will be documented as a DDM process qualification record.

B6 Sigma, Inc.
41B Bisbee Court Suite B4
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 438-2576
Vivek Dave
N111-077      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Rapid Part Qualification Methodology of Aircraft Metallic Components using Direct Digital Manufacturing Technologies
Abstract:Despite tremendous potential cost advantages, there is one very serious obstacle in the path of successful, widespread adoption of Direct Digital Manufacturing as a viable aerospace manufacturing technique: namely qualification and certification of processes, materials, and components. This roadblock to adoption is significant and dramatic. The cost implications alone of introducing a new material to aerospace, either on the airframe side or the engine side, are considerable, and the general rule of thumb is 2 years and $2M - $5M in non- recurring testing costs. Our unique approach to rapid qualification and certification combines limited and initial mechanical testing, advanced in-process sensing and process monitoring, microstructural characterization, and a statistical classification methodology that is truly multi-variate and can fuse these various inputs to result in a decision on whether or not a specific weld, deposit, or even part belongs in the same population as the nominal baseline certified parts, or is it anomalous in some way.

Keystone Synergistic Enterprises, Inc.
698 SW Port Saint Lucie Blvd Suite 105
Port Saint Lucie, FL 34953
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 343-7544
Bryant Walker
N111-077      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Rapid Part Qualification Methodology of Aircraft Metallic Components using Direct Digital Manufacturing Technologies
Abstract:Direct Digital Manufacturing (DDM) reduces cost and energy content of manufactured parts and enables producing parts-on-demand. The DDM process can reduce part acquisition time from several months to less than a few days. DDM reduces energy and machining cost by eliminating tooling and reducing by 10-20 times the buy-to-fly ratios of conventionally produced titanium parts. However, to achieve timely realization of these benefits, a rapid certification method is required for DDM of a wide range of metallic parts having diverse geometries. Presently, in order to ensure airworthiness, DDM parts must pass a lengthy and costly certification process. This significantly affects the Navy’s ability to use DDM to produce parts-on-demand. Thus, Keystone proposes an innovative method for part certification using a heuristic and adaptive approach and processing maps combined with non-destructive inspection, metallurgical review and limited mechanical property tests. The proposed project strategy envisions that an aircraft component can be composed of several standardized, building blocks of simple 3-dimensional geometric shapes and manufactured using 'sweet spot' parameters and practices. These representative geometric elements of a component, when fabricated using sweet spot process parameters and manufacturing practices, properly tested for defects, microstructure and mechanical properties, will enable establishment of a qualification algorithm and used for rapidly qualifying additional parts.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 328-8302
John Kelly
N111-078      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Exhaust Heat Recovery Heat Exchanger
Abstract:Heat recovered from Navy ship gas turbine engine exhausts could significantly reduce shipboard fuel use by providing heating, cooling or additional power output at no increase in fuel use. However, current heat recovery heat exchangers have durability problems, are too large for packaging in current exhaust ducts and have pressure drops that reduce power output. Altex has identified an advanced heat recovery heat exchanger design that can address all of these issues, at a cost lower than conventional heat exchangers. Preliminary tests have shown the good heat transfer and pressure drop potential of the concept. Under the proposed Phase I project, the concept will be adapted to a heat recovery application of interest to the Navy, and a sub-scale test article will be built and tested in the laboratory to show the feasibility of the concept. In addition, Phase I Option tests will test the concept as integrated with a gas turbine. These results, combined with a cost evaluation, will ready the concept for Phase II prototype development and testing at 250kW scale.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(604) 643-3800
Mark Zagarola
N111-078      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:A Robust Heat Exchanger for Gas Turbine Exhaust Heat Recovery
Abstract:Marine gas turbine engines are typically 30 to 40% efficient at full power resulting in 60 to 70% of the input energy being exhausted to the environment as waste heat. These engines are even less efficient at partial power conditions where they often operate. Bottoming cycles, such as organic Rankine cycles, can utilize this waste heat to produce useful work, improving overall efficiency by 10 to 20%. An enabling technology for utilizing a bottoming cycle is an Exhaust Heat Recovery Heat Exchanger (EHRX) which transfers heat from the gas turbine exhaust to the working fluid of the bottoming cycle. For marine applications, this heat exchanger experiences large temperature transients and gradients, and is exposed to a corrosive exhaust stream. These environmental factors make long lifetimes and durability key challenges. On this program, we propose to develop an innovative and robust EHRX that is optimized for marine applications. On the Phase I project, we will optimize the design of the EHRX for a particular application as selected by Navy representatives. During the Phase I Option, we will produce fabrication drawings for a prototype EHRX, and during the Phase II project, we will build and test the prototype EHRX.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Benjamin Baird
N111-078      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Compact, Durable, and Efficient Exhaust Energy Recovery Heat Exchanger
Abstract:Gas turbine and diesel engines lose a significant portion of energy to the environment as waste heat. Recovery of this waste heat offers the potential for increased fuel savings. The design of a durable heat recovery device such as a heat exchanger for this waste heat recovery is challenging due to the highly transient operation, limitation on pressure drop and weight and space constraints. Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes to design and develop a simple, compact, durable and efficient heat recovery heat exchanger (HRHX) design that can successfully operate in the exhaust temperature range from 260C/500F to 650C/1200F. These HRHX features are being adapted from PCI’s extensive experience of an integral catalytic reactor heat exchanger designed for gas turbine combustion. The Phase I work will design and develop the HRHX design concept for marine application. In addition, an advanced working heat transfer fluid will be identified. PCI will conduct analytical studies to optimize the heat transfer effectiveness. In Phase II, PCI will manufacture and test the full scale prototype design.

Thermacore, Inc.
780 Eden Road
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 569-6551
JOHN ROSENFELD
N111-078      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Exhaust Heat Recovery Heat Exchanger
Abstract:The usage of Brazed Plate Heat exchanger is the key component for this SBIR. By utilizing the large amount of heat transfer surface area that a Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger provide, it will minimize the overall size of the heat exchanger system. The goal is to have the heat exchanger operate without failure due to thermal shock, corrosion, or fouling as hot gas enters the system between 500 to 1200F and interacting with non-aqueous liquid coolant at 60 to 130F. The design and development of the brazed plate heat exchanger will revolve around developing new grove pattern on the plate, incorporate a double plate design for thermal shock, and develop a thermal resistance that is built into the system, selection of material to prevent fouling and corrosion.

Metamagnetics Inc.
36 Station St
Sharon, MA 02067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 780-7983
Anton Geiler
N111-080      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Tunable multiferroic hairpin-line resonator microstrip bandpass filter at C-band
Abstract:Metamagnetics proposes to address the limitations of currently available commercial-of-the- shelf tunable microwave filters in terms of insertion loss, linearity, tuning speed, etc. by developing innovative voltage tunable multiferroic microstrip filter technology. The proposed concept offers the potential advantages of low insertion loss, low dc power consumption, high rf power handling capability, fast response time, planar geometry, and compact size. Metamagnetics’ researchers will develop microstrip ferrite filters that exhibit either direct voltage tuning through stress-mediated mechanical coupling of ferrites with piezoelectric materials or indirect tuning using magnetic fringe fields emanating from voltage tunable multiferroic composites utilizing magnetostrictive and piezoelectric materials. These experiments will establish a solid foundation for the development of advanced multiferroic tunable filter devices in a follow-on Phase II effort. The proposed technology described herein combines the low loss, high power handling, reliability, and radiation hardness of today's ferrite filter devices with planar, cost-effective, low power consuming, and fast responding multiferroic voltage drive technology.

Structured Materials Industries
201 Circle Drive North Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Nick Sbrockey
N111-080      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Tunable RF Band-Pass Filters Based on Multi-ferroic Nanocomposites
Abstract:In this SBIR program, Structured Materials Industries, Inc. www.structuredmaterials.com (SMI) and partners will develop high-speed, low-loss, tunable RF bandpass filters. The filters will meet all requirements for tunability, tuning speed, insertion loss, bandwidth and linearity, as specified in SBIR solicitation N111-080. Our technical approach is based on nanocomposite thin films of multi-ferroic materials. Specifically, we will use nanocomposites of the piezoelectric/ferroelectric material BaTiO3 and the ferromagnetic material CoFe2O4. The thin film approach will enable devices which can be tuned with significantly lower voltage and magnetic fields, compared to devices based on bulk piezoelectric crystals such as lead- zirconium-titanate (PZT). Our thin film based multi-ferroic filters will enable compact, light weight RF systems with low power requirements and extended battery life. The thin film approach will also enable a greater degree of electronic integration at the board level, for increased functionality.

Winchester Technologies, LLC
21 Churchill Rd
Winchester, MA 01890
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 862-5971
Jerry Green
N111-080      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Electric Field Tunable Multi-Ferroic Filters for C-band RF Applications
Abstract:Tunable bandpass filters are more and more widely used in modern RF communication systems with the ever increasing availability of bandwidth. The demand has been growing for tunable bandpass filters with improved performance on insertion loss, tunable range, bandwidth, linearity, size, weight, and power efficiency. Semiconductor varactors are typically used for achieving tunability in RF circuits, but they are limited by their large loss and linearity above UHF. Tunable bandpass filters based on magnetic field tunable yttrium iron garnet (YIG) and on tunable RF MEMS devices are also good candidates, but they are limited by their relatively slow tuning speed. Electric field tunable multiferroic devices provide a unique alternative technology for electric field tunable filters, which are achieved through a strain mediated magnetoelectric coupling in magnetic/ferroelectric multiferroic heterostructures, leading to fast tuning, compact, lightweight and power efficient tunable filters that can be integrated in a hybrid manner with other circuits. In this project, we propose to demonstrate new improved tunable bandpass filters that meet the specifications of this SBIR Topic, based on our recent demonstrations of electric field tunable multiferroic heterostructures and electric tunable bandpass filters. The tunable bandpass filters will be demonstrated on the basis of a ferrite/PZN-PT (lead zinc niobate-lead titanate) heterostructure. These electric field tunable multiferroic bandpass filters will work in C-Band (5-7 GHz) with the following characteristics: a tuning range > 33% (5-7 GHz), fractional 3- dB bandwidth < 10%, low insertion loss < 3 dB, IIP3 > 40 dBm, P1dB: > 20 dBm, and fast tuning speed < 10 µs. At the same time, a clear feasible plan and successful path to the Phase II targets will be laid out. These compact electric field tunable multiferroic bandpass filters with combined large tunability, low insertion loss, high linearity and large power handling capability will provide great opportunities for future radars, electronic warfare and communication systems.

Adventium Enterprises, LLC
111 Third Ave. S., Suite 100
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 214-5713
Jason Sonnek
N111-081      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Stealthy MOnitoring KErnel (SMOKE)
Abstract:Intrusion detection and prevention systems capable of defending production systems depend on a monitoring kernel capable of providing complete, accurate, real-time data regarding the execution state of the system. Existing solutions lack the adaptability, scalability or low observability necessary to protect the millions of embedded systems, desktops and servers used by the DoD. By leveraging second-generation hardware virtualization and management technologies, Adventium's Stealthy MOnitoring KErnel (SMOKE) will provide a stealthy, evolvable, low-overhead monitoring kernel. By focusing on exposing data acquisition capabilities with low observability, SMOKE provides a more assurable foundation for development of advanced intrusion detection, intrusion prevention and malware analysis capabilities. Since SMOKE builds upon technology already built into modern chipsets coupled with enterprise-ready VMM technology, it will be suitable for large-scale deployment on desktops and servers. Furthermore, SMOKE provides defense-in-depth and enables cross-view validation. This Phase I SBIR will demonstrate technical feasibility of SMOKE and will lay the foundation for future Phase II implementation efforts by conducting observability, overhead and threat assessments. SMOKE will be immediately applicable in a broad range of IDS/IPS applications and complements Adventium's on-going efforts to develop high-assurance VMM-based CDS and host monitoring solutions.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 626-6616
Mark Tullsen
N111-081      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:DACET: Data Acquisition through Compositional Executable Transformations
Abstract:Low-overhead, real-time data acquisition of executing software is the last line of defense against malicious cyber attacks. A monitoring approach cannot depend on access to source code, as the code may be proprietary andrecompilation is too time-intensive. Rather, we propose to monitor the binary executables themselves. Our solution is called DACET: Data Acquisition through Compositional Executable Transformations. DACET is a framework for composing monitoring specifications. DACET instruments binaries at load-time (or earlier) with monitors. The monitors are specified by a monitoring policy. A novel aspect of DACET is that it transforms binaries into LLVM (LowLevel Virtual Machine) code, a high-level typed architecture-independent assembly language. The monitors are instrumented into the LLVM, and then machine code is re-generated. LLVM already has associated with it numerous open-source static and dynamic analysis tools and generates highly-optimized machine code. Furthermore, DACET will include a static execution time predictor to help the user determine the performance penalty of implementing the monitoring policy. DACET is a software-only tool with no hardware dependencies but can be made more efficient with hardware extensions.

GrammaTech, Inc
531 Esty Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Thomas Johnson
N111-081      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Stealth and Real-time Program Execution Monitoring
Abstract:Modern computer systems involve complex arrangements of many software components. It has proven difficult to secure such systems from attack by finding and closing all security holes. Dynamic monitoring techniques that detect intrusions have been developed to defend against latent, unknown vulnerabilities. However, to date these monitoring techniques have focused too narrowly on specific detection strategies and can often be sidestepped.We propose a next-generation system monitoring platform capable of supporting a wide variety of monitoring strategies. Moreover, our approach provides comprehensive protection for the entire computer system rather than guarding individual processes one-at-a-time. The proposed system monitoring tool incorporates stealth to inhibit an adversary’s ability to disable it, and dynamic optimization to ensure minimal performance overhead on the protected system.

Clarcona Technology, LLC.
692 Oak Hollow Way
Altamonte Springs, FL 32714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 694-4541
Brent Horine
N111-082      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Combined spectral management/ satellite receiver modem
Abstract:With the advent of all-digital-radio receiver technology, whole satellite bands can be monitored and processed as a single entity. Clarcona Technology, LLC proposes to develop a highly flexible, dynamically adaptable modem processor capable of supporting up to 100 waveforms. We will employ dynamic spectrum analysis to autonomously manage frequency and waveform assignments while monitoring for unauthorized users.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Donald Kimball
N111-082      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Combined spectral management/ satellite receiver modem
Abstract:Satellite transponder bandwidth cost has always been expensive, and more efficient use of this scarce asset is highly desirable. Operators around the world are demanding smarter satellite systems capable of optimized dynamic bandwidth allocation through Bandwidth-on- Demand (BoD) and Quality of Service (QoS) as well cost effective end-user terminals and ground stations based on commercial standards to benefit from global economies of scale. Conventional analog system implementations have many performance limitations that include frequency dependency, non-linearities, high insertion losses, circuit tuning requirements and expensive waveguide inter-connections that ultimately limit the performance of the complete receiver system. These limitations are greatly multiplied when operational scenarios require multiple frequency and channel configurations.Solving these problems requires extension of digital processing to the traditionally analog RF domain. Superconductor electronics allow for direct-conversion system approach has been realized with Digital-RF architecture. This architecture enables digital signal distribution system and can provide multiple band operation within a single integrated system. Here are we are proposing a single software defined receiver system that can be used to monitor satellite operations and also act as a multi-band terminal and intruder detection.

specom inc.
16885 West Bernardo Drive Suite 285
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 884-8523
Dragan Vuletic
N111-082      Awarded:5/9/2011
Title:Integrated Wideband Spectral Management / Satellite Receiver Modem
Abstract:Applying Cognitive Radio and adaptive Software-Defined Radio technologies, combined with next-generation Analog-to-Digital Converters and digital signal processors will substantially improve future Satellite Communication (SATCOM) system’s overall performance by providing better real-time visibility into the RF operating environment, enabling automatic channelization to improve spectral efficiency, and mitigate the effects from RF interference. The key technologies required to monitor and respond to the RF external environment by necessity reside proximal to the SATCOM’s physical layer, including mechanisms to obtain spectral awareness and to provide adaptive spectral allocation and utilization. The Digital Signal Processing based spectrum monitoring and channelization technologies being proposed are independent of modulation scheme and will be an ideal solution for supporting future SATCOM applications.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Stephen Brueckner
N111-083      Awarded:5/23/2011
Title:BotMesh
Abstract:Botnets and other large-scale malicious behaviors present a pervasive and evolving threat to cyber security. Stealth botnets and distributed, stealthy cyber attacks present a particular challenge to cyber defense because their malicious behavior is difficult to detect. State-of- the-art and next-generation cyber security algorithms will be capable of detecting and preventing stealthy and distributed cyber attacks. Effectively using these algorithms requires a network security infrastructure capable of collecting network traffic information for a large number of networks over long periods of time, making decisions based on accumulated network traffic information, and implementing new policies on network security hardware. ATC-NY will develop BotMesh, a network sensor infrastructure and framework for cyber security algorithms. The BotMesh architecture manages the collection and storage of filtered network traffic information from a large, distributed collection of network sensors, the application of computationally-intensive algorithms to collected data, visualization and decision-making based on the results of these algorithms, and the alteration of network security policies in response to identified threats. With BotMesh, a future algorithm to detect a type of stealthy botnet attack can be rapidly implemented and deployed on an existing network of sensors, quickly detecting, identifying, and defending against hostile stealth botnets and similar threats.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
N111-083      Awarded:5/23/2011
Title:Network Protection Mechanism and System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Navy’s need for a sensor-based network defense architecture, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new NETwork PROtection mechanism and system (PRONET). PRONET will implement intelligent, collaborative sensors/defender modules that detect, geolocate, and completely insulate attacks on a network. Innovations in the architecture and the built-in algorithms will enable PRONET to detect, deny, and track new and existing types of cyber attacks, protecting DoD networks against a large and evolving family of highly distributed and stealthy attack. When detected, intruders are redirected to a simulated network that acts as a decoy. This diversion gives attackers false network information and gives administrators the time and crucial information to take defensive actions. In Phase I, POC will develop PRONET’s conceptual framework and network-protection mechanisms and demonstrate its feasibility by assembling a prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an advanced prototype to reliably protect wired and wireless networks against highly distributed, low-frequency attacks. This prototype will demonstrate the robustness of PRONET and show that it can detect and defend against these attacks.

Reservoir Labs., Inc.
632 Broadway, Suite 803
New York, NY 10012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(212) 780-0527
Jordi Ros-Giralt
N111-083      Awarded:5/23/2011
Title:Network Sensor to Geolocate Cyber Attacks and Framework
Abstract:This proposal describes a cyber-defense research and development program. The technologies offered and to be developed will increase the depth and pervasiveness of cyber defenses through Navy systems, provide a platform for more rapid deployment of new defenses, increase the performance (data bandwidth and energy efficiency), and provide a global view to allow new forms of understanding and defense of Navy global IP networks. The proposed technology consists of a network-based IP sensor that will enable a new breed of sophisticated algorithms toward the detection of cyber security attacks. The sensor will be able to seamlessly extract relevant features from the network traffic, store historical snapshots of the network, and use both historical and current state of the network to detect attacks. To that end, we propose to use Bro, the open source, language-rich, network analyzer developed at the ICSI Center for Internet Research (ICIR), as a programmable building block, and to extend its current capabilities to support richer mathematical frameworks required to detect sophisticated cyber attacks. Besides providing a programmable framework, the proposed technology will integrate specific algorithms toward the detection of highly distributed, stealth attacks and their geolocation on a multi-resolution world map.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2452
Jason Sidman
N111-084      Awarded:5/18/2011
Title:Pedagogical Authoring of Virtual Environments (PAVE)
Abstract:The United States faces a persistent and real cyber threat to its government and business infrastructure. It is estimated that the .mil environment experiences 250,000 actual attack attempts every day from an assortment of hacktavists, criminal elements, and nation-states. Virtual worlds hold tremendous promise as training tools in the cyber domain. However, despite their promise as training tools, virtual worlds in and of themselves are not training tools. They require the proper design to transform them from entertainment technologies to training tools. What this suggests is the need for authoring tools for virtual worlds, rather than more or different virtual worlds per se. However, much like the virtual worlds themselves, authoring tools also are not designed with training in mind. It is with this goal in mind that we propose the development of the Pedagogical Authoring of Virtual Environments (PAVE), an authoring tool that enables non-training science experts to develop pedagogically effective user-generated content for virtual worlds.

JRM Enterprises, Inc.
4820 Southpoint Drive, Suite 203
Fredericksburg, VA 22407
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 786-0608
Chris Fink
N111-084      Awarded:6/13/2011
Title:Virtual War Games
Abstract:JRM and Advanced Gaming Solutions Inc, along with Calytrix Technologies, propose to develop a comprehensive Virtual War Game capability for Naval Warfare, focusing particularly on physics-based full-spectrum representation of SPAWAR C4I systems for highly realistic, real-time training for all Navy combatant roles. JRM proposes to leverage Advanced Gaming’s H3-MilSim, based on the highly successful, Naval War College - approved commercial game, Harpoon. In the Phase I JRM and its team will design a base infrastructure around H3MILSIM, and various key capability extensions for Phase II implementation. These capability extensions include: (1) a scalable, networked software architecture for distributed war gaming around Calytrix’s proven COTS Live- Virtual-Constructive product (LVC Game) for DIS & HLA networking with other LVC systems; (2) improved physics-based sensor and communications modeling of SPAWAR C4I systems around JRM’s proven Target Acquisition Agent (TAA) Federate technology; (3) 3D OTW and sensor visualization capability in H3MILSIM around JRM’s OpenSceneGraph sensor image rendering technology, (4) virtual environment 3D models like a “Virtual CIC”, “Virtual Bridge” and “Virtual UAV operator station”; (5) realtime multi- channel simulated radio communications between trainees and instructor/observers (game participants) based upon Calytrix’s proven COTS product, Comm Net Radio Simulator, coupled with JRM’s physics-based radio frequency communications models.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 490-3927
David Fliesen
N111-084      Awarded:5/19/2011
Title:Virtual War Games
Abstract:From its historic beginnings with the establishment of the Naval War College in 1881, the U.S. Navy’s wargaming capability has evolved with emerging technologies, tactics, techniques, and procedures. With the introduction of virtual world technologies, wargaming begins a new era in the “art of the possible.”Team Sonalysts offers our proposed concept for “Simulated Wargaming” (SimWars) to provide the next generation of naval wargaming capability. Using a layered, measured, scalable, and dynamic enterprise Service-Oriented High Level Architecture (SOHLA) framework, we propose to develop the SimWars concept, design, and architecture. We will leverage innovation by assessing the latest commercial and military technologies, models, and simulations for mashup integration into SimWars. A trade space analysis will be provided with a life-cycle support plan, roadmap for growth and portability, and implementation recommendations. If invited to the Option period, Team Sonalysts will further demonstrate the architecture with a Proof-of-Concept using a client- server topology and provide recommendations for network implementation of the Phase II prototype.SimWars will set the new standard for wargaming with a more convenient, effective, and efficient venue that will empower U.S. Navy commands with maximum flexibility and control over wargaming scenarios for optimum results with greater participation and value.

Bedford Signals Corporation
27 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(339) 223-2861
Kenneth Falcone
N111-085      Awarded:6/10/2011
Title:Hierarchical Full Mesh RF Fading Channel Emulator
Abstract:The Navy is looking to research and develop a multi-channel, programmable, scalable, and extensible Radio Frequency (RF) channel emulator that enables laboratory verification of next-generation radio and waveform capabilities. The emulator must provide a high fidelity operationally representative RF environment consisting of delay, attenuation, Doppler shift, and fading over 2 MHz to 2 GHz for networks of 8 to 100 nodes with high isolation between the nodes. The system should support several hundred MHz bandwidth, delays up to one second, and satellite uplink/downlink frequency conversions. Bedford Signals proposes to solve this problem by combining our custom DSP hardware and algorithms with an efficient, scalable, and extensible hierarchical structure to emulate a full mesh RF network. Our existing technology for implementing the delay, Doppler shift, and fading models includes a patented high precision dynamic delay implementation that models the carrier and modulation, delay and Doppler between a transmit antenna and multiple receive antennas, and efficient decimating and interpolating filter implementations to model fading.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Scottsdale, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Larry Dunst
N111-085      Awarded:6/13/2011
Title:Real-Time RF Channel Impairment Emulator
Abstract:The DataSoft Advanced Real-time RF Channel Impairment Emulator (DARRCIE) provides the required channel emulation capabilities in support of evaluating next-generation wireless technologies by a detailed study, evaluation, and comparison of the enabling technologies and concepts offered by the Optical/Analog, Band-Detecting Digital, and Direct Full-Band Digital architectural candidate approaches. Using defined architectural evaluation criteria each of three candidate approaches are assessed regarding there wideband RF interface, propagation delay, range attenuation & slow fading, fast fading & Doppler, topology configurability, noise & interference, and scalability capability. For the selected most viable candidate approach, each capability is further examined with a focus on risk reduction to select a minimal set of channel emulator capabilities for prototyping and associated proof-of- concept testing. Using defined scenarios for proof-of-concept testing with associated validation criteria, the performance of the minimal prototype is analyzed to resolve issues that could hinder a successful Phase II eight channel emulator prototype development. Finally, a combined system and high-level design specification is written to capture the system functional and performance requirements, external interfaces, top-level system design, and subsystem interfaces.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Brad Weals
N111-085      Awarded:6/21/2011
Title:Real-Time RF Channel Impairment Emulator
Abstract:The Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) program has need of aprogrammable and extensible wireless channel impairment emulatoraccommodating networks of 8 to 100 radio nodes operating in a frequencyrange of 2 MHz to 2 GHz. The emulator should be high fidelity,broadband, have a range resolution of 0.25 km, provide link losses of upto 130 dB, have a resolution of 0.5 dB, a high dynamic range, goodisolation between radios, low minimum latency, and be capable ofpropagation delays of up to 1 second. In addition, the system should beable to handle multiple protocols, support systems that are full duplex, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), and frequency agile. It should becapable of accepting pre-programmed scenarios involving Doppler shifts,fast and slow fading, and multipath.Toyon proposes to meet these requirements with a unique design capableof full duplex operation over a wide bandwidth. Our design uses wideband hybrid couplers in the RF front end combined with a digital frontend utilizing a signal spectrum detector to control a digital downconverter (DDC) to reject transmit energy from the receive path. Also,we plan to use highly efficient filter designs in the field programmablegate array (FPGA) that will allow us to emulate a large number of thechannels implicit in a large radio network.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1608
Jonathan Cromwell
N111-085      Awarded:6/28/2011
Title:Wideband Channel Emulation for Networked Radios
Abstract:The family of multi-functional SDR systems currently being developed and deployed by the JTRS Program will provide the Joint and Coalition Warfighter with the next generation of networked voice, video, and data communications. The very features that will make JTRS radios so critical to the Warfighter – e.g. wideband operation and transformational networking – complicate their testing and evaluation. For example, the combinatorial explosion of the number of links in a networked radio system precludes the use of COTS fading channel simulators.As early as 2007, TrellisWare was faced with precisely the same problem that this SBIR topic seeks to address: how to emulate a high fidelity, operationally representative radio frequency (RF) environment for a network of tactical radios? While TrellisWare faced a problem that is somewhat restricted in scope compared to that considered presently – our focus was on the terrestrial operation of a system with a maximum bandwidth of 20 MHz – the channel emulator that we developed internally to evaluate our CheetahNet platform nonetheless provides the foundation for the development of a multi-channel, programmable, scalable, and extensible RF channel emulator that will enable laboratory verification of next-generation military and commercial radio and waveform capabilities.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6316
Vladimir Rubtsov
N111-086      Awarded:6/30/2011
Title:Novel Fiber Optic Lighting System for Antenna Towers
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes the development of a Novel Fiber Optic Lighting System for Antenna Towers (FOLSAT). This remote source illumination system will include a set of remotely located red light sources; light delivery fiber optic cables that will deliver light at distances up to 1500 ft. with low loss, and newly designed signaling beacons. FOLSAT will replace the electrical lighting system installed on the mast towers that tend to be affected by the strong radio frequency electromagnetic field. The advantages of our system are practically zero antennas downtime, and insensitivity to the electromagnetic interference. The baseline low loss fiber for this remote lighting was developed for remote lighting on Navy vessels, and will be modified to be applicable for longer distances. In Phase I, IOS and their collaborator, Polymicro Technologies, will conduct a series of evaluations and experiments to prove the feasibility of applying cables developed from this modified fiber to transmit light to longer distances. In Phase II, a small scale model illuminator will be tested, and any unexpected issues will be evaluated and resolved. In Phase III, the full scale prototype will be installed on a Navy designated tower for field tests.

QUEST Integrated
19823 58th Place S Suite 200
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-9500
Tony Mactutis
N111-086      Awarded:6/30/2011
Title:Innovative lighting approaches for base-insulated transmitting antenna towers
Abstract:FAA and international standards require lighting of tall structures in order to warn aircraft of collision hazards. U.S. Navy VLF/LF towers have experienced an unacceptable rate of failure of existing tower lighting systems, resulting in significant maintenance costs and system downtime. QUEST proposes to analyze the problem of tower lighting failures in order to better understand the failure mechanisms at play, and to develop innovative solutions which circumvent or mitigate those failure modes. An RF-environment data collection device will be designed, built, and deployed on a Navy VLF tower to analyze electro-magnetic fields and induction effects. Two innovative solutions are proposed: (1) Hardening of the tower lighting units and improvement or alteration of their circuitry to guard against high RF fields and other environmental effects, in order to increase the survivability of existing equipment, and (2) Development of a novel fiber-optic based lighting system whereby all lights and critical control hardware is located at ground level, and light is transmitted to the top of the tower through fiber-optic cabling. A feasibility study will be performed to determine the relative merit of the two innovative solutions through consideration of cost, benefit, risk and reliability.

RSL Fiber Systems, LLC
255 Pitkin Street
East Hartford, CT 06108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 282-4930
Giovanni Tomasi
N111-086      Awarded:6/29/2011
Title:Innovative Lighting System for Base-Insulated Transmitting Antenna Towers
Abstract:This SBIR effort will evaluate the present state of the fiber optic illumination technology developed for US Navy applications, the new developments in high intensity light sources for illumination and for other applications, the optical fibers used for high energy transport applications, the coupling optics, and the cable designs to determine how these can be utilized and enhanced for the antenna towers lighting system. The environment where these lights will have to operate will be analyzed to insure that all the factors are taken into consideration as the path to a solution is developed. The outcome of the Phase I effort will be the design of a fiber optic based illumination system capable to meet the requirements of the antenna tower lights. Areas requiring further development will be identified, including the performance levels that need to be achieved to make this a system ready for implementation.

---------- CBD ----------

16 Phase I Selections from the 11.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
CBD 11-101      Selected for Award
Title:Spores Viability Detection System
Abstract:There is an urgent need for a rapid biological detection system that demonstrates the efficacy of decontamination products for inactivating Bacillus anthracis spores on environmental surfaces. To address the U.S. Army/CBD need for such a fieldable, rapid, NIST-certified, quantitative bio-indicator system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Spores Viability Detection (SVD) system that consists of (1) spore strips made of different materials that are inoculated with Bacillus thuringiensis Al Hakam spores and (2) a hand-held fluorometer. The SVD system will be a fieldable, rapid (35 min), sensitive, reproducible tool for assessment of the viability of decontaminated indicator spores in an easy-to-perform three-step assay protocol. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the SVD system by developing a reproducible spore preparation protocol that meets the Army/CBD requirements, fabricating a fieldable fluorometer prototype, and demonstrating its ability to quantitatively measure live/dead spores after viability staining. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize the SVD system design and performance parameters including sensitivity and accuracy of the fluorometer and development of spore strips made of different materials that are inoculated with 6, 7, and 8 logs of the spores.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Yoojeong Kim
CBD 11-101      Selected for Award
Title:Rapid, Quantitative Biological Indicator System with Bacillus thuringiensis Al Hakam Spores(1001-677)
Abstract:Biological agents pose high threats, because they are invisible and odorless and a relatively small amount can infect a large population when released in a densely populated area. For the same reasons, assuring safety after cleaning decontaminated sites can be challenging. Currently available technologies require considerable labor, and results typically cannot be obtained before 24 ¡V 48 hours up to 7 days. Therefore, a system that can detect the effectiveness at a shorter period in a less labor-intensive manner can lessen the burdens of decontamination. Desired traits for such a system are: 1) suitable simulants for B. anthracis spores, 2) various materials for spore strips, 3) simple and rapid, 4) quantitative, and 5) portable. Our rapid and quantitative biological indicator system with B. thuringiensis spore strips will assess the viability of the spores quantitatively within 1 ¡V 3 hours. The materials for spore strips will have various porosities and hydrophobicities. We expect that the size of the system will be 30 cm (W) „e 25 cm (D) „e 10 cm (H) with the weight around 3 kg. The power consumption should be less than 150 W.

Lumilant, Inc.
51 East Main Street, Suite 203
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Ahmed Sharkawy
CBD 11-102      Selected for Award
Title:Narrowband Perfect Absorber using Metamaterials
Abstract:Hyperspectral imaging systems acquire the spatial and spectral information of the image scene simultaneously, and thus find important applications in remote sensing, military surveillance, and target identification. Most contemporary hyperspectral imaging systems operate at UV/VIS/NIR (ultra violet/visible/near infrared) spectrums. However, in many cases, especially in military applications, (hyper)-spectral sensing in the longer wavelengths range, such as middle wavelength IR (MWIR) or long wavelength IR (LWIR) spectrums, is of more interest. This is because long wavelengths electro-magnetic (EM) waves suffer less loss when penetrating through the contaminated atmospheric environment (fog, sand storm, dust, etc) of the battlefield. Moreover, presently there is a drive for putting these imaging systems on a wide range of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) where their use depends on the characteristics of the many different surveillance and reconnaissance applications. The main discriminators are the operational flight duration and range, the altitude, and the payload capabilities. These features determine the feasible design of the sensor systems to be used on the platform.

Phoebus Optoelectronics LLC
12 Desbrosses Street
New York, NY 10013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 637-1067
Chris Sarantos
CBD 11-102      Selected for Award
Title:Narrowband Perfect Absorber using Metamaterials
Abstract:We propose a metamaterial-enhanced microbolometer with strong absorption over a narrow band that is dynamically tunable over the 8-10 micron band. A single-layer photonic metamaterial consisting of a thin metal film perforated with a 2-D array of dielectric apertures will be deposited on an amorphous-Silicon layer acting as an absorber and bolometer. The metamaterial, in conjunction with planar dielectric layers below the absorber, will trap and concentrate a narrow frequency band within the absorbing layer while strongly reflecting out-of-band light. This design is based on a previously developed metamaterial- enhanced Si photodiode that exhibited strong absorption over a narrow width (1% of the central frequency). Tuning the absorption band across the 8-10 micron range may be achieved via MEMS actuation applied to a standard air-bridge microbolometer structure. The metamaterial may be fabricated with standard photolithography, as we have demonstrated previously, and the rest of the fabrication involves materials and processes that are standard for microbolometers. We believe this structure offers considerable advantages over a multi-layer coupled split-ring and cut wire perfect absorber approach, including: ease of fabrication due to a single-layer metamaterial, scaling up an existing design rather than scaling down, and ease of integration with existing focalplane array microbolometers.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6360
Manal Beshay
CBD 11-103      Selected for Award
Title:Improved M8 Test Paper for Chemical Agent Detection
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop a field-rugged, colorimetric indicating test paper that is capable of detecting multiple chemical warfare agents (CWAs), at low concentrations, in adverse environments. The proposed sensor array will detect threatening chemical agents and provide a visual readout after coming in contact with the agent, or agents. This array will overcome the stability issues encountered with current M8 test paper, allow vapor phase detection, and add a self reporting feature, eliminating the need for visual inspection. This will be obtained by implementing an innovative process immobilizing M8 colorimetric indicators in IOS novel cross-linked polymers, which will add robustness to the test platform, specifically in outdoor environments. As a starting point for this project, IOS will use its proprietary repertoire of CWA-sensitive colorimetric polymers that were developed for a fiber optic-based chemical warfare agent sensing system currently in "beta test" deployment. Our novel polymers have many advantages as a support medium, including a low glass transition temperature (broad operating range), no swelling by water (immersible in water without impact on performance), excellent permeation of target agents (fast detection), flexible and rugged containment of indicators (robustness and longevity), and ease of manufacturing (amenable to large scale production).

Orono Spectral Solutions Inc.
689 Odlin Road
Bangor, ME 04401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(857) 488-4728
Carl Tripp
CBD 11-103      Selected for Award
Title:Improved M8 Chemical Agent Detector Paper for Facilities Monitoring
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I project is to develop coatings for M8 paper that improve its robustness and rate of detection of potential liquid/aerosol chemical warfare attack at fixed military sites and installations. A problem that is currently experienced with M8 paper is that it is easily contaminated by dust or destroyed by rain and thus requires frequent replacement in outdoor environments. Our initial studies have shown that, while commercially available M8 paper does posses minimal water repellant characteristics, droplets of water stick to the paper’s surface and penetrate into the paper over time, ultimately degrading its performance for CW detection. OSS will develop coatings that eliminate this issue by allowing water droplets to roll off the surface. Specifically, we will modify COTS M8 paper with ultrathin superhydrophobic and oleophilic material coatings that provide a self-cleaning and waterproof surface while retaining the M8 paper’s ability to detect CW agents. The results of phase I work will lead to a technology downselect for the best coating package for scale-up activities. Phase II work will focus on integrating the optimized M8 paper with a self- reporting system to reduce and/or eliminate visual inspection of the M8 detection strips.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Alexander Mazurenko
CBD 11-104      Selected for Award
Title:Ruggedized FTIR Spectrometer Based on Calomel Prisms
Abstract:Leveraging on Agiltron industry leading development of optical systems and the PI experience with FTIR spectrometer design, we propose to develop a new class of compact monolithic Fourier-transform spectrometers for the long-wave (7.5-13 µm) infrared optical range. The proposed solution is based on creating a spatial interferogram with a pair of a calomel Wollaston prisms and digitizing it with an uncooled thermal camera. Unlike a traditional FTIR instrument based on Michelson interferometer with a delicate moving mirror, the proposed instrument has no moving parts and is sufficiently rugged for hand-held field applications. Being a common-path interferometer it is also insensitive to the system misalignment and temperature drifts. The Agiltron approach would advance many parameters of existing portable FTIR spectrometers. Using the developed device it would be possible to produce a compact instrument similar in function to the Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD). Being based on Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy technique such an instrument would have an advantage of being more sensitive, universal, reconfigurable and less prone to errors and false-positive alarms. The technical approach will be proven in Phase I through the numerical simulations, design, build of a prototype and testing.

QuantaSpec Inc.
PO Box 163
Essex Junction, VT 05453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 861-2728
Kenneth Puzey
CBD 11-104      Selected for Award
Title:Wollaston prism based interferometer for chemical and biological early warning
Abstract:Rugged field spectrometers with no moving parts are needed for detecting chemical, biological, and explosive threats using the long wavelength infrared (LWIR)spectrum. QuantaSpec has successfully designed, developed, and tested a no moving parts spectrometer with a spectral range of 7 to 12 microns in a past project. This proposal will develop a rugged, simple, Wollaston prism spectrometer with no moving parts, a spectral range of at least 8 to 12 microns, and spectral resolution comparable to conventional FTIR spectroscopy. The proposed project will benefit from QuantaSpec's past experience in designing, developing, and testing similar spectrometers with no moving parts. QuantaSpec already has a majority of the components needed to build a Wollaston prism spectrometer and all of the components needed to test the spectrometer. Phase II will incorporate a light source, sample cell, and the Wollaston spectrometer into a complete detection system and its utility in chem/bio/explosive detection will be evaluated.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 651-6756
James T. Murray
CBD 11-105      Selected for Award
Title:Solid state deep UV laser for Raman detection of CB agents
Abstract:Raman spectroscopy is a highly effective non-contact laser remote sensing method for detecting and identifying chemicals in every-day field environments. Raman spectroscopy is particularly suited for detecting trace surface contaminants that may indicate the presence of explosives, harmful chemical or biological agents. Contemporary systems, such as the vehicle mounted Joint Contaminated Surface Detector (JCSD), use gaseous KrF excimer lasers operating at 248 nm as the pump laser source. One of the key objections to the KrF laser is the unique maintenance requirements for on-site gas refilling operations that complicate logistics and severely limit that systems reliability. In this SBIR program Areté Associates will develop an efficient, compact, light-weight and rugged diode-pumped solid- state laser alternative. The laser source will be based on a frequency quadrupled Q- switched single-frequency Nd ceramic YAG laser operating on the 946 nm transition to achieve the desired 236 nm output. This method is capable of meeting the desired operating specifications of < 30 pm linewidth, > 10 mJ pulse energy, 75 Hz pulse repetition rate, > 100 ns pulsewidth, < 25 lbs, < 1800 cu. in and > 10,000 hrs operational lifetime. Areté will utilize proprietary single-frequency, injection-seeded, self-aligning, image rotating resonator designs; advanced ceramic YAG materials with custom doping profiles; and efficient cascaded frequency doubling in borate crystals to achieve the desired deep UV output wavelength of 236 nm.

Snake Creek Lasers, LLC
61 Railroad Avenue
Hallstead, PA 18822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 879-4992
David C. Brown
CBD 11-105      Selected for Award
Title:Compact Solid State Deep Ultraviolet (UV) laser for Raman detection of CB agents
Abstract:This topic addresses the need for compact efficient solid-state deep ultraviolet (UV) lasers operating in the wavelength range of 220-250 nm, for use in Raman systems for chemical and biological detection. The laser to be developed would also be very useful in the detection of explosives. We propose to develop an efficient 946 Q-switched nm laser system that is efficiently quadrupled to 236.5 nm. The laser system will produce excellent beam-quality and high pulse energy. It will operate single longitudinal and transverse mode. During Phase I we will generate a detailed design for the compact deep UV laser, complete experimental testing of candidate nonlinear crystals to be used for deep UV generation using existing high power lasers, generate detailed engineering device drawings for a Phase II demonstration, and develop a technology roadmap leading to a compact, efficient deep UV laser system with a volume of < 1800 in3 and a weight < 25 pounds. In the Phase I option we propose to demonstrate an integrated long-pulse Q-switched Nd:YAG laser that operates in both single longitudinal and transverse modes.

DBC Technology Corp.
4221 Mesa St.
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 378-4156
David B. Cohn
CBD 11-106      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Transmitter for Chem-Bio Standoff Detection
Abstract:Program tasks include analysis to improve wavelength diversity, high PRF discharges and catalysis in normal and isotopic pulsed CO2 laser mixtures, and high energy extraction in a single mode resonator. Analysis will be performed for pulse energy scaleup to the 1-5 J level at high PRF in support of the cloud search, track, and map functions. The impact of improved laser operation and enhanced data stream on detection algorithms for chemical vapor and aerosol and biological particles will be evaluated for single target species and mixtures with interferents. Detailed designs for advanced laser components will be developed in support of an integrated laser detailed conceptual design. Applicability of the high power, extreme wavelength agile long wave laser to surface detection will be evaluated. A Phase II plan for laser development and testing will be formulated.

Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
James H. White
CBD 11-107      Selected for Award
Title:A Reactive Coating for Air Purification
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project addresses development of a self-cleaning coating for removing air-borne chemical and biological species. The coating materials possess impressive properties – e.g., ambient temperature adsorptive and low temperature thermal catalytic oxidation activity towards VOCs; electrochemical activity for hydrocarbon oxidation, and oxygen evolution. Evidence of photocatalytic activity of these materials has also been obtained. These multifunctional metal oxides demonstrate exceptional deep oxidation activity for organic species at low temperature and contain constituents that are individually photoactive. During this Phase I these materials will be rendered into forms possessing superior solid state and photocatalytic features. Currently, chemical and biological agents are removed from air using technologies based on adsorptive filters. However, these methods do not destroy impurities and present waste disposal problems. Other measures require unacceptable heat load, space, energy consumption, or a multiplicity of control devices. Thus, the proposed coating reactive systems potentially has value for cost effectively removing low concentrations of gas phase species (e.g., chemical agents, TICs, and other small molecules) and microbes. The ambient temperature capability of the coatings, tolerance to perturbations, and self-cleaning features will ensure their usefulness.

KCF Technologies, Inc
336 West Fraser Street
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-4097
Jacob Loverich
CBD 11-108      Selected for Award
Title:Robust Piezoelectric Sound Source with Helmholtz Acoustic Amplification
Abstract:KCF Technologies proposes to develop a robust and efficient sound generator for separation/isolation of aerosols. The critical limitations in the performance of conventional piezoelectric sound generators include degradation in performance over long periods of operation, poor electro-acoustic efficiencies at high amplitude drive levels, and large tolerances in their acoustic performance. These problems are not fundamental to piezoelectric devices; rather, they are related to conventional piezoelectric sound generator design and manufacturing. KCF proposes to solve these problems with an aggressive approach that addresses the essential features that are responsible for the performance degradations. A tuned Helmholtz resonator will be used to provide large gains in the SPL. In Phase I, KCF will develop a sound generator that demonstrates SPL in excess of 140 dB at 1m in a plane wave tube, exhibits at a stable SPL and frequency over a 2 month period, and requires less than 4 watts of continuous power for a package size smaller than 0.5 cubic inches. In Phase II, KCF will optimize the sound generator and work with its commercial partners in the piezoelectric industry to prepare for volume manufacturing of the sound generators.

Omega Piezo Technologies
2591 Clyde Ave.
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-4160
David Pickrell
CBD 11-108      Selected for Award
Title:Compact Piezoelectric High Intensity Sound Source
Abstract:There is a market need for high intensity sound sources that can operate for long durations over wide temperature ranges and in environments with dust and humidity exposure. Piezoelectric sound sources offer many advantages over compression drivers in these applications. They can be small and lightweight, have low power consumption, operate in narrow frequency bands, and can achieve a high sound pressure level (SPL) when properly designed and built. However, there are no off-the-shelf piezo sound sources that can achieve very high SPL’s for long time durations. They are designed more for alarm systems that work for short time intervals. At high power levels, or as the ambient temperature is increased, a commercial device may only last for a few minutes at a time before its performance is dramatically degraded. Omega has an innovative technology for high power alarms that will allow these devices to achieve extremely high sound pressure level’s and operate over extended periods of time. In the proposed program, Omega will apply this technology toward developing these high intensity sound sources and build upon the foundation of work it has already conducted in developing and manufacturing high performance piezoelectric alarms.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Kathie Berghorn
CBD 11-109      Selected for Award
Title:Multiplex Microsphere Assay for Botulinum Neutralizing Antibodies
Abstract:Currently, the accepted standard experimental model for measuring protective efficacy against botulism is the Mouse Lethality Neutralization (MLN) assay. Botulism poisoning is a life threatening condition that is not only a public health concern, but could also be a potential biological weapon. With seven serotypes of botulinum neurotoxins, there is need for an alternative to the MLN assay due to the complexity of neutralizing a variety of these neurotoxins. Numerous MLN assays would be required to develop and produce cocktails of antibodies as protections against any combination of all seven botulism serotypes consuming time, resources and animals. In this Phase I, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop an accurate and sensitive in vitro assay to replace the Mouse Lethality Neutralization assay for testing botulinum neutralizing antibodies using flow cytometry microspheres in a 2 part assay. This microsphere-based assay can be multiplexed to cover all botulinum subtypes and has the flexibility to test cocktails of potential neutralizing antibodies to determine their efficacy. The two part in vitro assay will measure antibody affinity and neutralizing ability, two key features needed for effective, functionally active botulinum neurotoxins antibodies.

Electronic BioSciences LLC
5754 Pacific Center Blvd Suite 204
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 582-0146
Eric Ervin
CBD 11-109      Selected for Award
Title:Development of an in vitro assay as correlate of passive immune protection against botulinum neurotoxin to minimize use of whole animal testing
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a non-animal based in-vitro assay for determining the efficacy of Botulinum (BoNT) neutralizing therapeutics; the dual nanopore assay (DNPA). New technologies are currently needed in order to facilitate the development and approval of BoNT vaccines and therapies, and align with the NIH and FDA’s guidance for reducing/replacing the number of vertebrate animals used in medical testing. Currently, the mouse lethality neutralization (MLN) assay is the standard test for determining the efficacy of BoNT neutralizing therapeutics. However, the inherent variability in sensitivity of the MLN assay due to different mouse species, test conditions, and the need to utilize live animal testing severely limit its accuracy and utility. EBS’s DNPA will be capable of monitoring the complete mechanism of all seven BoNT isoforms, making rapid analysis of BoNT neutralizing therapeutics, including complex mixtures, possible.

---------- DARPA ----------

15 Phase I Selections from the 11.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
IFyber, LLC
950 Danby Road Suite 300
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 227-7522
Aaron Strickland
SB111-001      Awarded:4/20/2011
Title:Lab-on-a-Bubble: A powerful, low-cost, point-of-care diagnostic platform technology
Abstract:iFyber LLC proposal define a novel solution for the Point-of-Care diagnostics market. Traditional In-Vitro Diagnostic testing most often requires multiple steps (sample purification and analyte separation, analyte concentration/amplification, and detection) to achieve even qualitative levels of detection. iFyber proposes to develop and commercialize an entirely new paradigm in the POC diagnostic market that utilizes a unique microsphere- based, passive proximity assay (PPA) for integrated sample purification and target analyte capture, concentration and detection

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Vladimir Gilman
SB111-001      Awarded:4/25/2011
Title:Improved Collection, Specificity, and Longterm Reagent Storage for Point of Care Diagnostics
Abstract:The role of point of care (POC) diagnostics in the medical field has rapidly grown in the last few decades into a multi-billion dollar industry. For many diagnostic applications, POC diagnostics technologies are rapidly displacing in-vitro laboratory based diagnostics because POC systems allow for more rapid and effective diagnosis and triage, which leads to improved patient outcomes and reduced health care costs. Furthermore, POC systems are field portable, require minimal training and technical skills to operate, hence tests can be self administered. All of the advantages provided by POC systems make it an ideal platform for diagnostic needs by the U.S. military where resources are scarce but rapid diagnosis and treatment is critical. However, current POC systems are not able to meet clinical grade sensitivity and specificity do not meet long-term storage needs in non-controlled environments, and do not allow for sample collection with minimum sample preparation. To address these needs, Infoscitex Corporation (IST) and Claros Diagnostics propose to develop an aptamer base POC diagnostic system which leverages IST’s proprietary rapid isolation of DNA aptamers (RIDA) process with Claros Diagnostics’ mature microfluidic based POC platform.

Optofluidics, Inc.
205 East Marshall Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-2617
Bernardo Cordovez
SB111-001      Awarded:4/25/2011
Title:"Point of Injury" Sampling Technology for Battlefield Molecular Diagnostics
Abstract:In this project Optofluidics, Inc. proposes to develop a “CLIA waivable” sample collection method for the concentration and quantification of blood-borne biomarkers associated with late phase hemorrhagic shock and traumatic brain injury. The sample collection technology is based on (1) a finger prick based assay, (2) a multistage packed bead filtration system, and (3) a novel “nanofluidic collapse” aptamer based specific protein concentration technique, originally demonstrated by the Erickson lab at Cornell University and covered under a patent application. It is proposed that this sample collection technique can be integrated with our existing Nanoscale Optofluidic Sensor Array technology to create a handheld “molecular medic” that can rapidly detect the presence of biomarkers related to these conditions. With our devices untrained personnel or first responders could diagnose with better certainty the presence of these injuries and make more informed decisions regarding treatment, having a dramatic influence on outcomes following a traumatic event.

Spot On Sciences, LLC
13705 Shadowglade Pl.
Manor, TX 78653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 658-6293
Jeanette Hill
SB111-001      Awarded:4/26/2011
Title:Sampling and Reagent Technologies for Point of Care Diagnostics
Abstract:Current methods for blood sampling do not allow for remote self collection and maintenance of sample integrity during transport and storage is difficult. Spot On Sciences is developing a fast, simple to use device for remote, self-sampling and robust transport and storage of blood samples at ambient temperatures. Based on dried blood spot technology, HemaSpot (patent-pending) is a single use, all-in-one device that uses a finger stick to collect and dry blood within a protective cartridge. Portions of the sample can be immediately tested, shipped and/or stored in the HemaSpot cartridge for years. Additional advantages are less invasive sampling, small volumes, superior sample stability, and compatibility with common diagnostic test methods. In the current proposal, individual components of HemaSpot will be tested and optimized. Blood samples will be analyzed for a minimum of 2 analytes by mass spectrometry to demonstrate analyte stability and recovery. Ph II studies will include prototype manufacture and validation in larger-scale field studies toward our ultimate goal of commercializing the HemaSpot device for self blood sampling in clinical or remote settings for routine diagnostic testing.

Eckstein Diagnostics
4763 Westridge Drive
Fort Collins, CO 80526
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 222-9127
Gail Berardino-Lang
SB111-002      Awarded:4/22/2011
Title:Novel Molecular Approaches to Discover and Identify Bacterial Virulence Factors
Abstract:The occurrence of new emerging infectious disease without efficient treatment opportunities and the increased numbers of multi-resistant primarily bacterial pathogen puts strong pressure on the identification of new drug targets and ultimately the development of new drugs and new types of treatment. There are few target groups that are of particular interest for the development of new drugs and treatment types: (1) surface molecules that play an important role in the host-pathogen interaction and (2) pathogenicity/virulence factors of the bacterial pathogen. Over the last decades new techniques were develop to decipher genomic and proteomic information to identify proteomic factors involved in pathogenicity and virulence. However, none were developed to discover the involvement of lipids in pathogenicity and virulence of bacterial infections mostly due to their specific chemical structure and inability to dissolve in solutions that are non-toxic to eukaryotic cells or are without stimulation of unspecific immune response of immune cells and systems. The purpose of this topic is to identify and validate new techniques to identify easier and faster potential virulence vectors as potential drug targets. In response to this need, Eckstein Diagnostics Inc. proposes the development of a procedure to identify lipids as potential virulence factors.

Resodyn Corporation
130 North Main Street Suite 600
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 497-5245
Claire Checroun
SB111-002      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:The Effector Trap: A New Tool for Virulence Factor Discovery
Abstract:The accelerating prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains is an increasing public health problem. While the emergence of resistant strains is unavoidable, it is exacerbated by the widespread use, inappropriate prescription and misuse of antibiotics. Development of new antibiotics is slow and costly. One alternative to antibiotics is the development of antimicrobials that target the bacteria virulence factors. Such drugs will exert a milder selection pressure and should reduce the likelihood of development of resistant sub- populations. Resodyn Corporation proposes to develop an “Effector Trap”: a new platform and a packaging that will allow a rapid and efficient isolation of virulence factors from multiple bacteria by exposing them artificially to the cues they normally encounter in vivo. The platform setup will allow for direct recovery of concentrated solutions containing the virulence factors, providing targets for the development of virulence factor-based antimicrobial compounds.x

Vital Probes, Inc.
1300 Old Plank Road
Mayfield, PA 18433
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 281-2505
Vito DelVecchio
SB111-002      Awarded:4/20/2011
Title:Rapid Identification of Bacterial Virulence Factors
Abstract:Bacteria employ a vast array of virulence factors that enable them to confront and damage the host cell during the infectious process. Identification of these virulence factors is essential to understanding pathogenisis and defining targets for future development of more efficacious next-generation therapeutic agents and vaccines. Thus, there is an urgent need for a rapid, relatively inexpensive, comprehensive, high-throughput platform for the discovery of virulence factors. To this end, Vital Probes, Inc. has developed Rapid Virulence Factor Discovery System (RVFDS) which expresses virtually all of the open reading frames of a pathogen which can then be screened for interaction with host components. This proteomic- based system circumvents the drawbacks of laboratory-grown conditions, host environment simulations, and isolation of pathogens from biological specimens or host anatomical sites in the identification of the virulence factors. A typical RVFDS experiment can be accomplished in less than a month. This proposal intent to assess the feasibility of RVFDS to identify the novel virulence factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) which is the causal agent of a wide range of human diseases. This system is intended to not only feed VPI’s product pipeline with new target candidates for therapeutic and vaccine development but to also provide this discovery platform as a service to outside companies, government research institutions, and academic institutions.

Allure Security Technology
5 Penn Plaza 23rd Floor
New York,, NY 10001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 906-3438
Salvatore Stolfo
SB111-003      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:Anomaly Detection At Multiple Scales (ADAMS)
Abstract:The recent disclosure of sensitive and classified government documents through WikiLeaks demonstrates a new systemic threat, exfiltration and broad global broadcast of government confidential data and information. We propose to develop techniques and mechanisms for identifying likely malicious insiders within an organization by leveraging automatically generated misinformation and modern system and network monitoring technologies such as Data Leakage Prevention (DLP). The proposed scheme focuses on and exploits what malicious insiders seek (illicitly acquired information), as opposed to incidental signs of misbehavior, providing a robust alternative and a good complement to such mechanisms. We propose to develop a baseline system that will demonstrate the feasibility of identifying specific types of insiders by developing a prototype for automatically generating and distributing believable misinformation based on administrator-defined templates, and then tracking access and attempted misuse of it. The technology to be commercialized has been licensed and transferred from Columbia University. The proposed prototype will integrate the deception technology and host sensors with open source Data Leak Prevention technology to demonstrate the essential functions and core features of a product suitable for government customers to mitigate the insider threat and thwart the exfiltration of sensitive government information.

Fred Cohen & Associates
572 Leona Drive
Livermore, CA 94550
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 454-0171
Fred Cohen
SB111-003      Awarded:4/20/2011
Title:Anomaly Detection At Multiple Scales (ADAMS)
Abstract:This effort will focus on methods to identify, describe, justify, design, and prototype methodologies and mechanisms – to detect acts indicative of malicious intent or behavior – by trusted individuals and groups with access to sensitive information, systems, and sources – in secure environments – in time to mitigate potentially serious negative consequences of those acts.

Global InfoTek, Inc
1920 Association Drive Suite 200
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 652-1600
James Just
SB111-003      Awarded:4/15/2011
Title:Tamper Detection and Prevention
Abstract:Many sensors have been and are being deployed to detect the activities of malicious insiders and enable attribution to the proper individuals. The ADAMS program attempts to utilize the activity evidence captured by these sensors to proactively anticipate forthcoming malicious behavior by detecting the precursors of that malicious behavior. We will facilitate this goal by developing a specialized sensor that detects attempts to tamper with these sensors and/or the evidential logs they create. Such tampering is highly indicative that a perpetrator is engaged in and attempting to hide his/her malicious behavior. This sensor will also block tamper attempts so that neither the captured activity logs nor the sensors creating those logs are corrupted. Blockages will be completely hidden from the attacker(s) so that he/she is unaware that the tampering actions have been thwarted and the malicious behavior detected. Thus, our proposed Tamper Sensor is both 1) a highly tuned sensor that detects attempts to disable sensors or modify sensor logs (delete, modify, or insert log entries), and 2) an effector that invisibly prevents tampering attempts, preserving the integrity of the recorded activity so that uncorrupted log files may be analyzed by other ADAMS program detectors.

Outdo Inc
1534 N Stafford St
Arlington, VA 22207
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 476-2732
Frank Sauer
SB111-003      Awarded:4/18/2011
Title:Real-Time Interactive Secure Forensic System (RTISFS)
Abstract:RTISFS will support identifying and defending against malicious insiders functionalities through: a wider range of access limitations; immutable, non-alerting forensic audit trail; dynamic environment supporting interactions with users without revealing the depth of forensic and enforcement capabilities; scripted interrogatories to assist separating anomalies attributed to malicious insiders from those of honest intent; ability to increase levels of surveillance or limitation of access as increasing suspicion dictates to minimize damage; and extendable scripting language for handling various types of anomalies tailored for the subject domain. RTISFS will accomplish this according to all applicable legal procedures in such a way that all potential response options are maintained: legal action, turning, use of insider as unwitting communication channel, and collection and penetration of the adversary actor.

Intelligent Fusion Technology, Inc
39 Timber Rock Rd
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 481-5397
Genshe Chen
SB111-004      Awarded:6/30/2011
Title:VHF/UHF Emitter Localization Based on DOA Fusion with Two UAS
Abstract:I-Fusion presents a emitter localization technique based on the fusion of DOA obtained at two flying small UAS. Each UAS is equipped with a nonlinear smart antenna system for signal detection and DOA estimation and a GPS receiver for time synchronization and UAS localization. The whole desired frequency band is scanned using hierarchical coarse and fine searching method to maintain the scanning speed and low power consumption. The DOA estimation uses a hierarchical (coarse and fine) delay and sum (DAS) searching method. For the alignment of the two DOA from the two UAS, the DOA is marked with time tag and the signal’s spectrum signature is also extracted. The DOA with time tag, the corresponding signal’s spectrum signature and the UAS position are transmitted to the ground control station through the control channel, where the DOA coming from the two UAS are aligned based on the time tag and spectrum signature and then fused to localize the emitter. The proposed localization system covers the VHF and UHF push to talk radio and cordless phone frequency. It only cost 615mW, weights 148g and its size is 70mm(L)×50mm(W)×18mm(D).

MAV6
1619 Walnut Street
Vicksburg, MS 39180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 340-1304
Jay Kim
SB111-004      Awarded:4/15/2011
Title:WASP-III Advanced Reconnaissance Device Network (WARDN)
Abstract:The WASP-III Advanced Reconnaissance Device Network (WARDN) is a miniaturized VHF/UHF emitter geolocation system targeted for installation on micro-UAV platforms. The Mav6 design approach of embedded antenna design, compact RF circuit design, and load balancing the signal processing and geolocation tasks between the airborne payload and the ground unit enables significant size, weight, and power optimizations. Designed with the WASP-III payload form factor in mind, WARDN can be installed in larger UAS such as the RQ-11 Raven and the Boeing ScanEagle. The Mav6 proposed design is flexible, cost effective, manufacturable, and scalable across various TTPs and CONOPs involving one or several UAVs. WARDN will provide the operators with RF situational awareness to assist in tactical decision making on the go.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1814
Pablo Prado
SB111-004      Awarded:4/21/2011
Title:VHF/UHF Emitter location from micro Unmanned Aerial Systems
Abstract:The US Army has a need for a radio transmitter location system that can be deployed in a tactical situation to enable the detection and geolocation of VHF/UHF handheld transceivers in real time. Use of conventional radio direction finding (DF) approaches to cover the two decades in frequency required by the solicitation (VHF+UHF) will necessitate four conventional arrays, for a total of approximately 20 antennas. This number of antennas and peripheral equipment necessary to their implementation would constitute a payload too large and heavy for most UAV platforms, including those named in this solicitation. Over the past five years QUASAR Federal Systems (QFS) has pioneered a new approach to RF transmitter geolocation with which it is possible to geolocate the source of the transmission in a single measurement with an accuracy comparable to that of conventional methods. QFS has extensive experience mounting its custom systems into a variety of airborne platforms, including a small UAS. Phase I of this program will consist of defining the specifications for system components and, in the option, conducting a risk assessment. In Phase II, we will develop and build a prototype and mount it on a UAS.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Eric Wemhoff
SB111-004      Awarded:4/14/2011
Title:System for Detection, Identification, and Geolocation of Radio Emitters with low-Swap Sensors (DIGRESS)
Abstract:There is currently no convenient, effective way to detect, identify, and geolocate (DIG) personal UHF/VHF radio communications devices in field operations. These are commonly used by adversary command, control, and spotter activity. The techniques used by special ops, search and rescue, and electronic warfare personnel do not satisfy this need because soldiers in field situations lack the time, mobility, highly trained personnel, specialized equipment, and airborne ELINT assets that these methods variously require. There is new opportunity in increased availability to ground forces of micro/small unmanned aerial systems (MUAS). These can provide altitude, LOS, and mobility for sensor equipment. Two main challenges remain, however: onboard payload SWAP limits direction-finding (DF) prospects, and operation of the system can still be challenging. We are developing: small, actively tuned antennas; receiver hardware, and data fusion algorithms that can overcome the limitations for traditional direction-finding (DF) systems. The system has less than one foot-pound-watt SWAP, with good DIG performance, to be verified in phase1. It will automatically collect and combine data from any available system receivers, DIG the emitters present, and show a visual summary of results, along with aids to the operator including UAV trajectories for optimal geolocation speed and accuracy.


DTRA Selections are not available at this time.


---------- DHP ----------

16 Phase I Selections from the 11.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Parabon NanoLabs, Inc.
11260 Roger Bacon Drive Suite 406
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 689-9689
Steven Armentrout
OSD11-H01      Awarded: 9/26/2011
Title:A Nano-pharmaceutical Platform for Creating Artificial Vaccines
Abstract:In this project, Parabon NanoLabs (PNL) will demonstrate the feasibility of extending its Essemblix(tm) Drug Development Platform, a combination of computer-aided design (CAD) software and DNA nano-fabrication technology, to produce Essemblix-V, a platform for creating artificial vaccines from a predefined set of “building block molecules” assembled on DNA origami. Given an epitope for a potential biothreat agent, Essemblix-V will allow the production of artificial epitopes (hereafter “mimotopes”) that can mimic the original epitope sufficiently to bind target antibodies with high affinity. Additionally, Essemblix-V will allow mimotopes to be arranged on origami in complex presentation patterns known to elicit rapid and potent immune response via T cell-independent activation. As a proof of concept, PNL will demonstrate the feasibility of (i) enhancing its existing inSequio(tm) CAD software to support the design of mimotopes with building block molecules; and (ii) modulating, through rational design, the charge distribution and hydrophobicity of specific mimotopes, since these attributes can affect conformation and stability. Prototype mimotopes will be created for /Borrelia burgdorferi/ and ricin toxin and their affinity to specific monoclonal antibodies will be demonstrated via ELISA assay. In Phase 2, artificial vaccines will be created for theses targets and evaluated in a murine model.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2476
Robert McCormack
OSD11-H02      Awarded: 9/2/2011
Title:Collaborative Automation Reliably Remediating Erroneous Conclusion Threats (CARRECT)
Abstract:Epidemiologists and public health officers face considerable challenges in optimizing the efficacy of their analyses as they are susceptible to bias from missing data, confounding variables, and selecting the appropriate statistical models. Analysts can benefit from assistance in mitigating these issues as possessing the expertise to consider the multitude tests, corrections, and selection rules is extremely burdensome. To embed an expert system in analysts’ workflow, Aptima proposes Collaborative Automation Reliably Remediating Erroneous Conclusion Threats (CARRECT) to support statistical bias reduction and improve analyses and decision making. The system will engage the user in a collaborative process in which the technology is transparent to the user. An intuitive data wizard will guide the user through analysis processes by analyzing key features of a given dataset, as well as prompt the user to input additional substantive knowledge to improve the handling of imperfect datasets and the selection of the most appropriate algorithms and models. Reduced bias in the analysis fosters a more veridical assessment for decision makers.

Digital System, Inc
2 Wisconsin Circle, Suite 700
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 531-7701
Harrey Ji
OSD11-H02      Awarded: 9/30/2011
Title:Statistical Model Development in Epidemiological Research
Abstract:Utilizing all SAS’s statistical and data manipulation power; Using SAS to interface with data sources -- Excel, Access, Oracle, DBII, Teradata, CSV, directly entered data; Building point and click to select data, read into application, save to output. Applying basic statistical model -- logistic, general linear, conditional logistic, ANOVA, MANCOVA, repeated measurements, survival/Poisson analysis , descriptive analysis.; Approaching complex statistical methods -- Propensity score (applied via matching, stratification, regression adjustment), instrumental variables, doubly robust estimation, local control to handle bias correction. For missing values, applying Baseline Observation Carried Forward, Last Observation Carried Forward, Completer’s Analysis, Multiple Imputation using MCMC, Multi-Imputation under MAR (Missing at Random) and MCAR (Missing Completely at Random) missing mechanisms in nonparametric regression, Mixed Model Repeated Measures, Marginal Structural Model with Inverse Probability of Treatment Weighting. To handle correlated longitudinal data, using innovative models such as mixed Model with appropriate variance-covariance structure to identify and correct the co-linearity; Applying small-area estimation techniques including synthetic method, spatial smoothing, regression to combine small area data. Developing software with features of Speed, flexibility, intuitive and easy; Enabling interact with operating system, and host system application such as SAS, SPSS, S-PLUS, STATA, R, JMP, JAVA, C++, SQL, VB, VBA, HTML.

SED Technology LLC
5410 Colchester Meadow Lane
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 278-9322
Francine J. Prokoski
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 8/10/2011
Title:Non-Radiological Imaging Devices for Combat Casualty Care Associated with Burn
Abstract:SED Technology LLC is proposing an existing concept of determining burn area and depth based on extensive previous work involving infrared technology. The proposed concept involves the use of all capabilities associated with 2D and 3D Infrared that have been developed by Dr. Francine Prokoski in the areas of Biometrics, Forensics and Health Care applications. The concept could eventually provide a non-contact capability of medical personnel to images of burns and use those images to determine both area and depth. These images could be taken over time to determine the extent of the burn depth after hours or days and be able to accurately align subsequent images to the original images. To accomplish this SBIR Phase I, Dr. Prokoski will serve as the principal investigator and be assisted by a medical imaging expert and system engineer, medical burn consultants from the Washington Hospital Burn Center and other SED personnel as needed.

Farus, LLC
2416 Sand Hill Rd
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 346-4781
Rahul Singh
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 8/23/2011
Title:Non-Radiological Imaging Devices for Combat Casualty Care Associated with Burn
Abstract:Farus, LLC proposes to develop a novel burn assessment tool based upon THz imaging that will be aid in determining severity and boundaries. THz is ideally suited to burn wound imaging because it is extremely sensitive to water, robust to scattering, non-ionizing, and does not require contrast agents. A complete THz imaging system developed by a UCLA research team successfully scanned skin burns on ex vivo porcine and in vivo rat models, producing high resolution images. The results of these studies are highly encouraging and demonstrate an ability to accurately measure burn severity and the progression of the local inflammatory response over time. If these results could be translated to the clinical environment, treatment of burn injuries may potentially improve and act as means to rapidly quantify the severity of burn injuries. While promising, the UCLA system has mostly been limited to imaging of near-planar surfaces and is not commercially viable.. Farus proposes to leverage the UCLA work to fully develop an alpha prototype for imaging burns using THz. The purpose of this phase I SBIR is to produce a complete and optimized system design to be built and used in Phase II for large animal and human trials.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Priya Ganapathy
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 7/18/2011
Title:MIS-BI: Multimodal Imaging System with decision-support for Burn Injury assessment
Abstract:We propose to develop a swift, non-contact imaging-based solution to objectively assess variable depths of injury in burned soldiers while suggesting appropriate standardized treatment plans. Currently, determination of burn depth and healing outcomes has been limited to subjective assessment or a single modality, e.g., laser Doppler imaging. Such measures have proven less than ideal. Recent developments in other non-contact technologies such as ultrasound, optical coherence tomography and pulse speckle imaging offer the promise that an intelligent fusion of information across these modalities can improve visualization of areas within burned skin thereby increasing the sensitivity of the diagnosis. As Phase I deliverables, we propose to i) analyze each of these individual modalities and determine the set of operating parameters that can provide optimum accuracy across a range of partial injury and full thickness burns and their subsequent healing in the pig model, ii) integrate these modalities to visualize the different layers within the skin (with and without burns) and automatically compute the burn depth and iii) develop a decision-support system to classify the burn injury and validate the results through immonuohistochemical analysis. Our solution will be applicable in ambulatory scenarios and burn units for warfighters as well as the civilian population.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Nicusor Iftimia
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 8/15/2011
Title:Combined Confocal Microscopy-Polarization Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography Approach for Burn Assessment
Abstract:Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI), in collaboration with Lucid, Inc. proposes to investigate combined reflectance confocal microscopy-polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (RCM-PSOCT) for in vivo diagnosis of skin burns. While RCM provides en face images with nuclear-level resolution in superficial skin, to depths of about 200 µm, OCT provides cross-sectional images with structural-level resolution in the deeper skin layers, to depths of at least 1.5 mm. Furthermore, PSOCT measures skin birefringence, and thus accurately differentiates between the dermal and epidermal skin layers. Therefore, the complementary capabilities of these two optical technologies may offer a clinically comprehensive set of parameters for more reliable diagnosis of burn lesions. In Phase I we propose to develop a bench-top instrument that will combine RCM and PSOCT within the same optical layout. Preliminary testing of this instrument will be performed on tissue-like phantoms and on the normal skin of several investigator-volunteers. Based on Phase I conclusions, this instrument will be improved, and a clinical prototype will be built and tested in a clinical setting on a large number of normal and skin burn patients at Shriners Hospital, Boston during the Phase II study.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Jing Ma
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 8/19/2011
Title:Large depth, ultrahigh resolution, ultrahigh speed PS-OCT for burn assessment
Abstract:Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is an imaging modality used to assess burn wound by imaging the collagen of the human skin. Agiltron propose an ultrahigh speed, ultrahigh resolution, and deep depth PS-OCT system using novel tunable laser technology. The PS-OCT imager will feature a portable design with a turn-key OCT engine and a fiber-guided handheld sample scanner. The ultrahigh resolution will enable imaging differentiation of epidermis and dermis at different skin locations with a dramatic variety of epidermis thickness. The ultrahigh speed will eliminate imaging motion artifacts and facilitate real-time imaging. The portable system enables on-site battlefield diagnosis. The well-matched depth will enable assessments of burn depth, particularly for partial-thickness burn. In particular, our system will implement polarization sensitivity for evaluation of collagen health as the specific burn biomarker. Objective and quantitative analysis will be performed by measurements of the birefringence phase retardation slope. The technical approach will be proven in Phase I through the system design and experimental testing. Completed PS-OCT system will be produced in Phase II for delivery to OSD.

Modulated Imaging Inc
1002 Health Sciences Rd
Irvine, CA 92612
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 824-8367
David Cuccia
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 8/10/2011
Title:Non-Radiological Imaging Devices for Combat Casualty Care Associated with Burn
Abstract:Accurate assessment of burn size, depth and the compromise of normal tissue physiology, as well as the tracking of wound response, is essential for successful treatment of burns and one of the major problems that face clinicians and surgeons. The primary method of burn wound assessment is subjective clinical evaluation which is neither accurate nor consistent between care givers. For this proposed effort, Modulated Imaging Inc. will evaluate our clinically deployable advanced camera system to perform burn depth analysis. This non- contact, wide field-of-view approach will ultimately provide quantitative determination of the optical absorption and scattering properties of burned skin as a function of depth and provide quantitative, color-coded maps of tissue physiology including tissue blood volume, oxy- /deoxyhemoglobin and water concentration. These data products should provide the clinician with a real-time, accurate assessment of burn depth and tissue viability. Under this proposed Phase I effort, MI will document the requirements of a burn analysis system for practical use, perform theoretical modeling of the optical properties of layered tissues, conduct imaging analysis on tissue-simulating optical phantoms, and perform testing on burned ex-vivo porcine skin.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Josh Miyagishima
OSD11-H03      Awarded: 7/11/2011
Title:Non-Radiological Imaging Devices for Combat Casualty Care Associated with Burn
Abstract:Warfighters and civilians in a warzone can sustain burn damage through numerous mechanisms. Although very shallow and deep burns are easily identified by an experienced burn surgeon, there exists a critical need for next generation imaging technology to predict burn depth and boundaries of partial thickness burns. Proper diagnosis can prevent prolonged procedures, unnecessary surgery and the risk of complications from infection. Oceanit proposes a novel “Burn Assessment Depth Detection” system to improve accuracy and detection of edema, changes in microvascular perfusion, and tissue spectral signatures as a result of burn injury. These parameters indicate the depth of injury and whether it will heal on its own, or require debridement and surgery. Drawing on several proprietary advances in image processing and battlefield treatment of intracranial hemorrhage we will prototype a dual-mode imaging system for non-invasive and non contact imaging of burn injury and test system performance characteristics.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
James Niehaus
OSD11-H04      Awarded: 8/31/2011
Title:Helping Amputees though Virtual Environments (HAVEN)
Abstract:Peer support for Warfighters who have suffered traumatic amputation can significantly improve recovery. While peer support is readily available in military treatment facilities (MTFs), veterans with these injuries must continue recovery after leaving the MTF. Unfortunately, veterans in remote areas may not have reasonable access to a MTF or a veterans’ affairs medical center (VAMC) where in-person peer support can be obtained, and this lack of peer support may hamper their recovery and reintegration into society. A virtual peer support environment (VPSE) is a significant part of the solution to enhancing the recovery of our veterans. However, to be effective, the VPSE must: (1) be immersive and engaging; (2) enable health care provider and patient interaction; and (3) promote natural, non-verbal communication. To address these needs, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of helping amputees through virtual environments (HAVEN) for the Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space (AVESS), which: (1) supports immersion through artificial intelligence (AI)-controlled virtual characters that promote social immersion, interactive narrative and drama management techniques that promote narrative immersion, and principles from popular video games that promote game immersion; (2) supports non- verbal communication through gesture recognition; and (3) supports health care provider and patient interaction through structured interactions with the virtual characters.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Oleg Galkin
OSD11-H04      Awarded: 8/15/2011
Title:Enhanced Immersion Virtual Support System
Abstract:To address the OSD-DHP need to enhance the user experience in the virtual environment for rehabilitating and supporting wounded veterans, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Enhanced Immersion Virtual Support (EIViS) system. The proposed EIViS system is based on novel integration of real-time facial, head, and body tracking and morphing software and a new wearable haptic belt interface. Novel integration of face, head, and body tracking and user-to-avatar morphing will add nonverbal communication channels; the new haptic interface will provide remote tactile feedback and monitor vital signs during physical exercise and critical physical therapy. As a result, the EIViS system significantly increases the immersive experience, provides new means for nonverbal communication, and introduces new tools for remote interaction between patient and physical therapist, which directly addresses the requirements of the Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space (AVESS) system. In Phase I, POC will identify and demonstrate the feasibility of technologies to improve nonverbal communication, immersive experience, and patient-therapist interaction by designing system architecture, developing software modules, and fabricating a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a functional prototype, validate the immersive technology, and provide a plan for practical deployment of the proposed technology.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Charles Cohen
OSD11-H04      Awarded: 8/8/2011
Title:Enhancing the User’s Experience in an Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space
Abstract:The major goal of this project is to develop an integrated system for enhancing a war fighter’s experience in an Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space. The concept demonstration delivered to the sponsor at the conclusion of this Phase-I will show the sponsor that we have developed techniques for innovatively connecting COTS products and advanced behavior recognition techniques to enable non-verbal communication, to advance immersion into the environment, and to support effective interaction the physical therapist. A feasibility study will be delivered. These techniques will then be refined and integrated into a pre-production prototype system in Phase-II. During the Phase I effort we will: (1) Identify the appropriate technology to improve communications in the world through the use of COTS sensing systems such as the Kinect, speech recognition software, and gesture recognition software. (2) Identify the appropriate technology to allow for a more immersive experience. (3) Identify the appropriate technology to allow for Physical Therapist and Patient interaction in the virtual world. (4) Determine technical feasibility of the proposed technology through a vertical slice demonstration of the system during the Phase I effort. (5) Develop an initial concept design and determine/model key elements.

AnthroTronix, Inc.
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0770
Corinna Lathan
OSD11-H04      Awarded: 9/1/2011
Title:Advancing Social and Assistive Support in Virtual Worlds for Injured Veterans
Abstract:Our Phase 1 objective is to identify appropriate technologies that can improve communication and engagement in the Second Life (SL) virtual world (VW), and to determine new methods that allow for enhanced physical therapist and patient interaction in-world. There is a growing need for third party VW development targeted at specific groups, especially in health care domains, which tend to be more demanding than purely social or entertainment activities. VWs such as SL already have much of the basic architecture needed to create innovative solutions. They need a focused approach to determine which of the available tools can be adapted to better health offerings. In Phase 1 we will assess technologies for inclusion in the Second Life AVESS environment with a focus on enhancing communication, immersion, physical therapy and data monitoring. In addition we will determine the technical feasibility of implementing the proposed technology and develop an initial concept design and model key elements for inclusion within Second Life along with demo success criteria.

Hstar Technologies
82 Guggins Lane
Boxborough, MA 01719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 239-3203
John Hu
OSD11-H04      Awarded: 7/18/2011
Title:A Robotic Avatar Interactive Console Enhancing AVESS User Interface Capacity
Abstract:The current AVESS has targeted to creating fundamental virtual world using tools of Second Life and its user interface is limited to 2D input devices. A wide spectrum of interaction will be needed to enhance this AVESS system to further improve the user’s virtual presence with non-verbal interface such as haptic, visual, kinematic and emotional interaction. Hstar proposes a robotic avatar interactive console (RAIC) system for enhancing AVESS user interface capacity. The proposed RAIC will be archived by integrating robotic haptic interaction devices, visual capture and 3D head-mount display in virtual environment, and kinematic motion and posture capture via wearable sensing devices. This system will: 1) provides 3D amputee-avatar haptic interface, 2) supports 3D immersive visual capture and display in AVESS environment, 3) provides remote patient monitoring and physical accessibility to therapist, 4) provides a remote platform for necessary at-home therapy procedures, and 5) supports kinematic capture of patient motion and body postures and representing on avatar model. Our primary innovation is a 3D robotic avatar interactive interface console for the AVESS that provides safe haptic, visual, and therapeutic interaction via the creative virtual world for the combat injured amputee patients.

SimWright Inc.
2053 Fountain Professional Court Suite A
Navarre, FL 32566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(850) 939-8707
Dan Matthews
OSD11-H04      Awarded: 8/18/2011
Title:Enhancing the User’s Experience in an Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space
Abstract:One of the most significant issues facing amputees leaving rehabilitation units is the loss of connectivity with peers and caregivers. The new Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space (AVESS) being constructed within Second Life is a great resource enabling social networking between returning amputees and caregivers. Emerging haptic devices and sensors could greatly increase the immersive nature of the virtual world and improve non verbal cues capturing emotions, facial features and gestures using non invasive brain control interfaces. In addition the ubiquitous use of new low cost MEMs devices and sensors could enable Occupational and Physical therapists to view range of motion, kinematic and gait mechanics data in real-time monitoring virtual activities. Integrating these emerging haptic devices and sensors could great improve the social connectivity and well being of patients while providing therapists with quantitative assessment of progress even in remote locations. Advanced training regiments could conceivable be performed within virtual games and sport events in future implementations. The team combines expertise in real-time sensor integration, 3D visualization, software development, physical therapy for prosthetic users, occupational therapy and robotics based rehabilitation.

---------- SOCOM ----------

16 Phase I Selections from the 11.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 241-7901
Fred Cowell
SOCOM11-001       Awarded: 6/20/2011
Title:Helicopter Hostile Fire Indication Sensor
Abstract:One of the most critical challenges facing our war fighter is to detect enemy fire quickly and accurately for force protection. Existing acoustic systems protect against gunshots only and are relatively slow; optical systems are large and expensive, suffer from a high false alarm rate, and do not provide 360 degree coverage. To address these issues, Oceanit has developed an enhanced Hostile Fire Detection System (HFDS) that can operate from ground or airborne platforms and detect multiple types of weapons. Oceanit’s HFDS provides the world’s fastest hostile fire detection system. Using a novel sensor chip that operates at 10,000+ frames per second, this next-generation optical system can be deployed on multiple platforms. HFDS provides full 360 degree battle space coverage from a single sensor with great accuracy. This ultra high-speed sensing enables improved detection, reduces false alarms, and provides the ability to identify friend/foe weapon types. With a reaction time of less than one-tenth of a second, the system provides a warning before a shot is heard. Its fast reaction time supports automated countermeasures. SOCOM has requested research on a system that also can accurately determine the distance to a shooter. In this submission, Oceanit proposes three different methods to augment our system to determine threat distances.

Agiltron Development Corporation
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Francis P. Pantuso
SOCOM11-001       Awarded: 6/22/2011
Title:Helicopter Hostile Fire Indication Sensor
Abstract:Agiltron Development Corp. will develop the world’s first affordable, reliable and accurate Helicopter Hostile Fire Indicator Sensor capable of detecting small arms through rocket propelled grenade threats using Agiltron’s unique photomechanical, uncooled infrared sensor. In phase one, Agiltron will construct a test sensor system and conduct field tests to determine detection range, accuracy and false alarm rates using weapons recommended by SOCOM. In phase two, Agiltron will develop a technology prototype and demonstrate performance within an integrated sensor or system.

Solid State Scientific Corporation
27-2 Wright Road
Hollis, NH 03049
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 598-1194
Richard J Nelson
SOCOM11-001       Awarded: 6/22/2011
Title:Small Integrated HFI Sensor for the AVR-2B
Abstract:Solid State Scientific Corporation (SSSC) is pleased to propose the design of a single- board, integrated Hostile Fire Indication (HFI) system with the nominal size, weight, and power constraints for operation as an adjunct sensor within the AN/AVR-2B(V) Laser Warning Set. Work on Phase I will consist of the preliminary design of a single circuit board that includes an uncooled, Commercial Off-The-Shelf, Short-Wave Infrared (SWIR) focal plane, analog-to-digital circuitry, camera control electronics, digital signal processing electronics, processor and memory electronics for hosting threat warning algorithms, and support and interface electronics. SSSC will design the system using the existing Multi- Function Threat Detector (MFTD) system as a baseline, with the integration of the MFTD camera board, pre-processing board, and processing board onto a single board representing the most important innovation. The design and development of this new, fully integrated multispectral sensor represents a unique opportunity in spectral sensing and imaging. The resulting small, integrated HFI sensor for the AVR-2B system is expected to operate within the existing AN/AVR-2B system using a four-window adapted front plate: one window for the HFI sensor and the other three for laser warning functions. The HFI sensor will operate with small size, weight, and power characteristics with minimal impact on the existing AVR-2B. As a spectral sensor, the HFI system will incorporate a 4-channel optical design for spectral imaging that classifies hostile fire sources by type with high probability of detection and low false alarm rates. Threat warning coverage will be comparable to the field of view of the AVR-2B, with angular resolution in both azimuth and elevation to approximately 1°. This sensor will offer true HFI capability to the helicopter air crew.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
Jeffrey Allanach
SOCOM11-002       Awarded: 9/28/2011
Title:Diver Physiological Monitoring (DPM) System with Integrated Head Mounted Display (HMD) and AComms
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences Corp. (APS) in collaboration with Ocean Technology Systems (OTS) will develop a diver physiological monitoring (DPM) system with integrated microdisplay that easily retrofits with existing full face masks (FFM) and that leverages commercial-off-the-shelf biometric sensors. The capability to quantitatively evaluate and assess a remote diver’s status will significantly improve situational awareness and ensure safe and effective operations. In that regard, the DPM system will acoustically transmit diver heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature to a surface station in real-time whereby a training supervisor can keep track of individual divers during training exercises. The DPM system will be integrated with a digital head mounted display and a diver communication system. The focus of the Phase I effort is to evaluate and integrate physiological sensors into an existing Scuba FFM that is reliable, accurate, and unobtrusive to the diver. Commercialization within SOCOM, the US Navy, and the United States Coast Guard will be pursued.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
SOCOM11-002       Awarded: 9/28/2011
Title:Situational Awareness Enhancing Adaptive Lightweight HMD
Abstract:To address the SOCOM need for an integrated system for enhancing the situational awareness of combat swimmers, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Situational-Awareness Enhancing Adaptive Lightweight Head-Mounted Display (SEAL- HMD). This proposed system is based on conformal diffractive optic waveguide retrofitted into existing full facemask (FFM) visors or designed into new FFMs with complete physiological, environmental, and equipment sensor integration with dive computer processing and hybrid acoustic/RF subsurface-to-air data communication and location tracking. The innovation in see-through displays integrated into the FFM will enable true heads-up content, and compressive sampling of sensor data will enable reduced bandwidth burden on constrained acoustic links, while the direct sequence spread spectrum modulation and beamforming enable improved covert capability, signal recovery, and acoustic vector sensor-based positioning and tracking. The system will be packaged and ruggedized for field use in accordance with SOCOM operational requirements of seawater (100m), high- pressure (90psi), and wide-temperature ranges (32-95 deg F). In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SEAL-HMD by providing a laboratory demonstration of a FFM integrated see-through display and underwater communications and tracking. In Phase II, POC plans to mature the SEAL-HMD technology and develop designs to meet operational requirements for field use.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
David B. Kynor
SOCOM11-002       Awarded: 9/26/2011
Title:Integrated Diver Monitoring System
Abstract:Special Warfare Combat Swimmers operate in a hostile environment characterized by excessive physiologic demands and complete reliance on their equipment. Diver safety and situational awareness can be greatly improved by an integrated system capable of monitoring both diver physiologic status and breathing apparatus operation. During the course of this project Creare will develop an Integrated Diver Monitoring System (IDMS) that performs these functions using novel sensors and data display and telemetry subsystems. The IDMS will provide increased safety and situational awareness during Special Warfare diving operations.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Aaron Rood
SOCOM11-002       Awarded: 9/23/2011
Title:Combat Swimmer Situational Awareness Systems (CSSAS)
Abstract:The proposed Combat Situational Awareness System (CSAS) is a comprehensive biometric and SCUBA status monitoring system capable of continuous monitoring of vital information such as heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration, and full conditions such as battery metering, oxygen sensor status, and depth and location. Existing dive computers provide some situational awareness information to divers to ensure safety. Further, technologies do exist which transmits SCUBA and location information from a diver to the surface. However, to date, a system does not exist which provides a full compliment of biometric and SCUBA status awareness back and forth between the diver and the topside dive supervisor. Orbital’s proposed CSAS will fill this large gap in current military dive computers by providing critical real-time biometric data to both the diver and to the diving supervisor to aid in diver safety and performance. This Phase I SBIR program will focus on developing a sensor suite for monitoring, processing and transmitting important biometric and SCUBA status data. During Phase I, ORI will integrate two innovative biometric sensors platforms with commercially available dive computers to demonstrate vital signs and SCUBA status can be readily viewed and transmitted.

Ceebus Technologies, LLC
1221 Pearl Street
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-0512
Ted Noonan
SOCOM11-002       Awarded: 9/26/2011
Title:Combat Swimmer Situational Awareness Systems Integration Effort
Abstract:Ceebus Technologies is proposing a development plan to monitor diver vital biometric data and collect SCUBA status data, store the data, analyze and compare the data to normal, generate alerts or alarms if necessary, send the data to other underwater diver teammates and to a surface vessel. Sensors on the diver to monitor the biometric vitals will be investigated from the existing sensor market. If no suitable sensors are found that meet the specifications for sensitivity, reliability, pressure and water resistant, Ceebus will suggest a design. This data will be incorporated into the C3SA Underwater Diver Locator/Positioner. The C3SA will store and process this information. The data will be displayed on the C3SA display and on a diver full-face mask heads-up display. Ceebus plans to co-develop the heads-up display with one of the major facemask manufactures.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4839
George Kiwada
SOCOM11-003       Awarded: 5/20/2011
Title:Combined Airframe and Power system for Extended Range (CAPER)
Abstract:Aurora Flight Sciences and Protonex Technology Corporation propose a research effort into a Combined Airframe and Power system for Extended Range (or “CAPER”) power system for air-launched Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (SUAS). The CAPER system is unique in that a fuel cell system and a SUAS will be designed together as a system, allowing design optimization to occur across the entire system. This is in contrast to past efforts, which have shoehorned existing fuel cell systems into existing SUAS designs, result in sub-optimal performance, albeit often better than battery-based performance. Designing an integrated power system for SUAS will result in mass savings which can be directly translated into higher fuel fraction and therefore greater range/endurance. Being able to optimize the design at the system level will also allow air-launched SUAS to meet difficult mission requirements while meeting constraints on packed volume and required power for flight.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Daniel Houy
SOCOM11-003       Awarded: 5/20/2011
Title:Advanced Power System for Air Launched Small Unmanned Aerial Systems
Abstract:The air-launched expendable Small Unmanned Aerial System (SUAS) under development by the Air Force can expand mission capabilities by extending the range of on-board sensors, tracking multiple targets, increasing target acquisition accuracy, and providing direct support for ground teams. Current state-of-the-art battery technology provides Group 1 SUAS with approximately 25-60 minutes of operational time. A mission endurance time of at least 4 hours is needed to make SUAS viable for multiple mission scenarios, and current battery power systems do not provide sufficient power and energy within the limited mass and volume required. In addition, the power solution must also provide safe operation while on board the aircraft or in storage. Lynntech proposes to develop an advanced fuel cell-hybrid power system to enable a long endurance SUAS. During the Phase I, Lynntech will design the power system, demonstrate the operation of a breadboard system, and plan the integration of the power system into a Group 1 SUAS. During the Phase II the power system will be integrated and tested with a Group 1 SUAS to provide a long endurance platform for the Air Force.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 468-0586
Charles DePlachett
SOCOM11-003       Awarded: 5/20/2011
Title:Novel Power System for Extended Endurance of Air Launched SUAS
Abstract:Tactical requirements for small unmanned aircraft systems (SUAS) are exceeding current capabilities in performance, reliability, maintainability, and supportability. Mission requirements such as endurance, power, acoustics and low altitude maneuverability and observability for air-launched SUAS are paramount. State of the art technology for Joint UAS Group 1 provides approximately 25-60 minutes of endurance with conventional lithium ion batteries. The Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) has published endurance and cost goals, concept of operation, and environmental considerations for Group 1 air- launched SUAS. AFSOC highlights the need for increased endurance of at least four hours, despite operational and environmental challenges. The focus of this SBIR is to develop and demonstrate a novel power system integrated in an air-launched SUAS that provides additional power, meets the four hour endurance goal, and meets the environmental challenges. The expected result combines an ultra-compact, heavy-fuel-compliant turboalternator with integrally coupled generator and the accompanying fuel system, controls, power conditioning electronics and battery charging circuitry for an efficient and reliable power system that greatly increases the soldier’s operational and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capability. The IS4S team brings together a highly qualified team with diverse knowledge and experience in SUAS, turbine-based systems, power systems and controls.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 261-1122
John Olson
SOCOM11-003       Awarded: 5/20/2011
Title:High Capacity Primary Battery for Expendable SUAS
Abstract:Air launched small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) are limited by the current use of lithium-ion batteries (~150 Wh/kg) for power. To obtain a 4 hour run time of Group 1 SUAS a new battery technology is needed. TDA Research has discovered a fundamentally new battery cathode chemistry for high capacity primary (non-rechargeable) batteries. The new material has an even higher theoretical capacity (3050 Wh/kg) than commercial CFx (2160 Wh/kg) cathode batteries. However, in contrast to the intrinsically hazardous and expensive synthesis needed to make CFx, our cathode can be made under relatively mild conditions. In our preliminary experiments we have achieved encouraging discharge capacities proving the feasibility of the new battery system. In addition, this new battery system will prove superior to lithium-ion batteries in safety, non-toxicity and cost.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael G. Izenson
SOCOM11-003       Awarded: 5/20/2011
Title:Ultra-Compact Power System for Small Unmanned Aerial Systems
Abstract:Air-launched, small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) offer the potential for a tremendous increase in airborne sensing and ground support capability. However, breakthrough power technology is needed to enable these systems to reach their potential. We propose to develop a power system designed to meet the extremely challenging performance, operational, and environmental requirements for service on air-launched SUAS. The system comprises an innovative hydrogen generator combined with a PEM fuel cell. The proposed system is lightweight, compact, safe, and compatible with a wide range of environmental conditions. In Phase I we will prove the feasibility of our approach through laboratory demonstrations, design trade-off and optimization studies, and conceptual design. In Phase II we will produce a complete, prototype power system, integrate with a SUAS, and demonstrate air-launch capability.

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 626-6266
Vince Baranauskas
SOCOM11-004       Awarded: 5/25/2011
Title:Airless HybridSil™ Combat Tires for Special Operations Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop and qualify next generation antiballistic airless tires that provide high speed off-road performance for Special Operations vehicles. The proposed tire technology will provide non-pneumatic antiballistic tires with terrain durability and ballistic resilience through the integration of NanoSonic’s HybridSil™ armor technology. This pioneering class of nanocomposite materials has independently validated resilience against 0.50 cal fragment simulating projectiles, buried C4 landmine explosives, and exceptional fire resistance. The proposed airless tire ensembles will employ HybridSil™ as a compliant, shock absorbing foam interlayer located between existing tire and wheel structures in place of pressurized inner tubes. Uniquely, the mechanical properties of NanoSonic’s HybridSil™ foam support will be tailored for ballistic survivability through multiple shear thickening defeat pathways, as well as provide a rapid self-healing mechanism to ensure negligible deterioration in road performance from ballistic and terrain threats. Further, optimized HybridSil™ foam interlayers will be tailored for rapid integration into existing tire manufacturing process and provide an order of magnitude weight reduction over current run-flat technologies. To facilitate rapid Phase III integration to Special Operations vehicles, NanoSonic has partnered with Goodyear for Phase I consultation and guidance efforts.

RESILIENT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
100 NORTH 72ND AVE
WAUSAU, WI 54401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(715) 843-7028
MICHAEL TERCHA
SOCOM11-004       Awarded: 5/20/2011
Title:Improved Tire Technology for Special Operations Vehicles
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to analyze existing patent-pending nonpneumatic tires (“NPTs”) to determine which designs and materials are best scalable across the full suite of the Family of Special Operations Vehicles Program. Resilient Technologies has produced functional NPT prototypes for Light Transportable All-Terrain Vehicles, and will apply the knowledge developed during the ATV NPT development in Phase 1 of this process to determine the scalability of multiple NPT designs.

American Engineering Group LLC
934 Grant Street, #101
Akron, OH 44311
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(330) 375-1975
Abraham Pannikottu
SOCOM11-004       Awarded: 5/24/2011
Title:Improved Tire Technology for Special Operations Vehicles
Abstract:American Engineering Group (AEG) and University of Akron (UA) will jointly study the feasibility of utilizing carbon-fiber multiple hoop technology at developing a zero-pressure tire-wheel system. AEG will conduct feasibility study to develop this technology to produce a high-speed, off-road tire that can survive terrain and ballistic threats. AEG will work with Goodyear Tire Company on manufacturing scalability of this technology. American Engineering Group’s preliminary design concept of the tire-wheel consists of a simple hoop tread design with central support on a single piece wheel. In turn, this combination gives a high level of adaptability and puncture proof operation in a variety of terrain while maintaining rolling resistance, ride, handling and other performance characteristics related to conventional pneumatic tires. This technology will eliminate the need for run-flat elastomer insert.A key to this unique design is the improved wheel and tread design that allows more efficient use of active suspension and differential military steering technology. AEG proposes to further study, optimize and develop this airless wheel-tire concept to ultimately achieve a rugged airless wheel-tire system. This design will be evaluated and optimized based on military standards regarding performance, durability, manufacturability, and weight.