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97 Phase I Selections from the 11.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Wave CPC Inc
19 Brook Hollow Lane
Windham, NY 12496
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(931) 455-1678
John Steinhoff
A11-069      Awarded: 10/31/2011
Title:Rotorcraft Acoustic/Aerodynamics Analyses
Abstract:The technical objectives of the present effort, over three SBIR phases, are to develop a far field wave propagation tool that will accurately predict the aeroacoustic characteristics of rotorcraft in the far field, a number of kilometers away, while accounting for the presence of irregular terrain, atmospheric and (approximate) ground absorption, temperature and density gradients in the atmosphere, and prevailing winds. This work is divided into three phases. Phase I focuses on implementing the present far field method and validating it for well documented thickness noise and BVI noise simulations for wind tunnel conditions. The Phase I option period involves extending the methodology to wave length dependent effects such as nonlinear wave steepening and accurate ground absorption. Phase II focuses on further validation of this methodology for rotorcraft for a variety of steady, descent, and maneuver operations while accounting for terrain and atmospheric effects. Phase III focuses on incorporating industry requirements and feedback into an industry standard methodology that includes simulation and visualization of rotorcraft acoustic propagation phenomena of interest to helicopter industries.

Materials Modification Inc
2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 560-1371
Kausik Mukhopadhyay
A11-070      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Novel Thin Film Ice-Phobic Coatings for Aerial Systems
Abstract:In this Phase I, MMI will explore a novel anti-ice coating formulation for aircraft structures. MMI will demonstrate the use of a nanoparticle polymer composite system modified with inorganic materials that would prevent ice accumulation and accretion on various substrates e.g. aluminum, steel, titanium and carbon composite materials by creating superhydrophobic surfaces on the substrates. This coating formulation will provide: • Permanent, UV resistant thin film coating to prevent ice accumulation and accretion • Coating would not add extra weight (< 0.01 % of the substrate weight) to the vehicle • Long shelf life, easily stored and stable between -40?C to 100?C temperatures • Can be easily applied by contractors with fast curing time (< 1h over 100 m2 area) • Transparent coating with excellent durability (> 5 yrs per coat) • Minimal maintenance, inexpensive compared to other products in market • Rain and corrosion resistant

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 626-6266
Michael Bortner
A11-070      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Ultra Low Areal Density HybridSil™ Erosion Protective Icephobic Nanocomposites for UAVs
Abstract:The purpose of this SBIR program is to develop novel, lightweight, hybrid nanocomposites that combine erosion resistance and anti-icing functionality to provide passive anti-icing protection for UAVs. NanoSonic will build on its demonstrated HybridSil™ Erosion protective, anti-icing appliqués/tapes designed for rotorblades to realize a thin, lightweight, spray applied coating with appropriate functionality and performance for UAVs. NanoSonic’s HybridSil™ Erosion has been measured to provide high levels of particle and rain erosion protection, tested up to 7 hrs rain erosion and 100 g/cm2 mass loading angular sand, both at 500 mph, with sample survival following exposure. These coatings have been demonstrated to prevent dynamic ice accretion at temperatures as low as 19°F (- 7°C). Application has been demonstrated with excellent performance on 6Al4V Ti, 2024 Al, and glass fiber/epoxy composites. NanoSonic’s Phase I partner provides pneumatic and electrothermal de-icing systems to a broad range of commercial and DoD platforms and is currently evaluating baseline performance of HybridSil™ Erosion/Icephobic materials. This prime is specifically interested in thin film, lightweight, anti-icing coatings and will provide immediate transition opportunity for both DoD and commercial applications, working with NanoSonic through this effort with design suggestions and to perform rigorous measurements required for transition to DoD platforms.

NEI Corporation
400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 868-3141
Jiong Liu
A11-070      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Self-healing Superhydrophobic Anti-icing Coatings
Abstract:Building upon NEI’s core competency in developing and producing nanotechnology- based functional coatings, we propose to leverage our existing superhydrophobic coating technology to develop a new class of superhydrophobic coating that is both durable and has the ability to self-heal. The self-healing characteristic will maintain the superhydrophobicity of the coating as the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) undergo wear and tear as a result of routine operations. The coating has been designed to meet the demanding requirements of anti-icing coatings, and hence will address the Army’s need to prevent ice accumulation on UAVs. The specialized design and construction of UAVs make them vulnerable to inclement weather, especially conditions favorable for ice formation. In Phase I, we propose to demonstrate the anti-icing capability of a superhydrophobic nanocomposite coating consisting of an organic-inorganic hybrid binder with a dispersion of nanoscale particles, combined with a self-healing functionality. The coating is sprayable. The technical concept laid out in the present proposal represents a significant advancement of the state of the art in anti-icing coatings. It is anticipated that the proposed approach will lead to a durable coating with excellent anti-icing properties, self-healing capability, along with good erosion and weather resistance. The focus of the Phase II program will be to begin to qualify the coating for use in the field. This will include all aspects of coating manufacturing, application in the field, and testing.

MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
57 MARYANNE DRIVE
MONROE, CT 06468
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 874-3100
Serkan Ozbay
A11-071      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:ACS Active Crashworhty Seating System
Abstract:Considerable research and development effort has been devoted to improving seating in helicopters since the early 1960’s when the need for improved ergonomics and crashworthiness was first established. Yet currently a typical rotorcraft crew/pilot seat uses only passive shock absorbers for mediocre crash safety and entirely lacks systems for whole body vibration reduction. Recent advances in the active and semi-active damping systems create opportunities to improve shock absorption capability while providing rotor induced whole body vibration mitigation. In this SBIR program Materials Technologies Corporation proposes a unified hybrid actuator/shock absorber concept that provides fail-safe adaptive shock absorption with active vibration control on typical helicopter crew seats for military personnel ranging from 5th% female to 90th% male.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Suite 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas Limbaugh
A11-072      Awarded: 10/27/2011
Title:Comprehensive Latency Mitigation in EOIR Sensor Controls
Abstract:Kutta proposes multiple solutions for the development of different Latency Improvement Algorithms and Latency Estimation Algorithms for the control of Electro Optical and Infrared (EO/IR) payloads onboard Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Numerous innovative concepts to improve EO/IR payload control when latency in the control systems reaches as high as five seconds are recommended. The Work Plan calls for Kutta’s researchers to test their innovative ideas in a high-fidelity UAV video and payload simulation laboratory and perform human factors tests. The tests are purposely designed to determine which algorithms and GUIs are value-added, and the results are evaluated by a world-renowned human factors expert. Kutta also conducts a trade study that highlights the algorithms and GUIs that can be built given a SBIR Phase II time frame and budget. The Phase I culminates in a demonstration of the prototype algorithms and a summary of the lessons learned throughout the Phase I. The Phase I option concludes with recommended methodologies and action plans to design, develop, test the technology and transition it into the DoD UAV community.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
828 Fort Street Mall Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Ed Pier
A11-072      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Comprehensive Latency Mitigation in EOIR Sensor Controls
Abstract:Oceanit proposes an innovative system which will mitigate the impact of system latency on the operators of UAV-mounted EO/IR sensors. This system will include a combination of advanced graphic user interfaces, automated control and image processing. The system will be based entirely on the controller side and will work for general UAVs.

San Diego Composites, Inc.
9550 Ridgehaven Ct
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Robert Kolozs
A11-073      Awarded: 11/1/2011
Title:Technologies for Containerizing and Vertically Launching Multiple Missiles Simultaneously
Abstract:This program will provide the Army with an advanced design for a missile launch canister for the Extended Area Protection and Survivability (EAPS) system. The EAPS Canister is based on the Non-Line of Sight Launch System (NLOS-LS) Container Launch Unit (CLU), which was originally developed by San Diego Composites (SDC) and Lockheed Martin (LM). The NLOS launch system is a vertically launched system that is unique because it highly portable, provides transportation and launch shock isolation, and does not require an external plume management system. This uniqueness and capability also makes the system more complex than a standard launch canister. The EAPS program plans on taking the technology developed for the NLOS canister and pushing it one step further by packaging multiple missiles within each canister. This presents some packaging and operational difficulties associated with isolating each missile from the effects of the launch environments such as plume flow. However, SDC developed the original NLOS canister, specializes in launch canisters, and therefore is well positioned to develop an EAPS canister that meets the requirements set forth in this SBIR. SDC will accomplish this through a system approach which considers requirements, materials and operational environments as variables in the final design.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Jonathon Beaudoin
A11-073      Awarded: 11/8/2011
Title:Technologies for Containerizing and Vertically Launching Multiple Missiles Simultaneously
Abstract:Systima Technologies, Inc. (Systima) is proposing to develop an end-to-end integrated All- Up-Round (AUR) canister solution to provide a multiple missile launcher (MML) for Extended Area Protection & Survivability (EAPS) missiles. By allowing a single MML-AUR to provide multiple EAPS missiles the number of potential intercepts by a deployed vertical launcher system is greatly enhanced. By incorporating modularity enhancements Systima has used for small munitions launchers in Harvest Hawk, mission flexibility will greatly increase by allowing the MML-AUR to work with multiple deployment platforms or as a stand-alone launcher. This program has the full support of the Lockheed Martin Missile and Fire Control (LMMFC), industry leaders in small advanced interceptors. Systima’s MML-AUR design will maximize the mission effectiveness for the warfighter by providing maximum munitions packaging and a capable launcher that will readily integrate with multiple platforms. The MML-AUR would be designed for NLOS-LS type vertical launchers and easily adaptable to platforms such as the Avenger mobile anti-aircraft system increasing its capabilities. This design would also be capable of stand-alone missile launch for a small man-portable weapons/interceptor platform.

XCraft, Inc.
14 Keith Rd.
Reading, MA 01867
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 319-5073
Robert DaSilva
A11-073      Awarded: 11/4/2011
Title:Technologies for Containerizing and Vertically Launching Multiple Missiles Simultaneously
Abstract:XCraft, Inc. and team partner KaZaK Composites, Inc. are proposing to develop a method to launch, store and transport multiple EAPS missiles within the current NLOS canister AUR. The method of missile isolation, shock, gas mitigation, and heat management will be integrated into the canister so that the adjacent missiles are not damaged during launch. The canister will meet the requirements for storage, transportation, simultaneous/near simultaneous launch. The team will develop an advanced composite canister cradle comprised of integral yet isolated missile containment tubes. The arrangement of composite tubes will be separated using a next generation structural material such as GCF that has been proven in other applications. The team will use pultrusion technology to reduce manufacturing costs. Pultrusion is a highly automated method for making constant cross section hardware at less than half the cost of other composite manufacturing methods. The Phase I effort will focus on design and analysis of a composite canister for the two EAPS missile configurations. Work will culminate with the detailed design of a prototype composite canister with an optimal packaging of the EAPS missiles. This prototype will demonstrate the proposed EAPS missile array with gas mitigation and thermal management systems.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
A11-074      Awarded: 11/7/2011
Title:Affordable Active Phased Array Sensor Systems
Abstract:In this Phase I effort, FIRST RF will develop and evaluate concepts enabling Ku and Ka band phased array missile seekers. Phased array systems eliminate all moving components reducing the likelihood of mechanical failures. As an added bonus, phased arrays provide a measure of “graceful degradation” in case of failure in a single component. To achieve tactically-significant power levels, innovative thermal management solutions are required. This problem becomes significantly more complex at Ku and Ka bands. FIRST RF proposes a very innovative approach which has been specifically designed around thermal management. The novel phased array solution is based on our innovative architecture with an enhanced self-contained thermal management system to mitigate the high power densities in Ku and Ka band.

Microwave Packaging Technology, Inc.
545 Swanson Ave
Placentia, CA 92870
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 980-3039
Rick Sturdivant
A11-074      Awarded: 11/16/2011
Title:Affordable Active Phased Array Sensor Systems
Abstract:Radar seekers perform a critical function in missile systems. They guide the missile to its intended target. The range of the radar seeker is a critical parameter for determining the effectiveness of the missile. Radar range determines the standoff distance and the range at which a target can be engaged. There are serious limitations to existing solid state seeker radars. They suffer from reduced engagement range, high cost and increased seeker weight. The MPT solution will result in improved radar range, lower cost and the use of COTS components.

Technology Service Corporation
3415 S. Sepulveda Blvd Suite 800
Los Angeles, CA 90034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 535-2100
Brandon Wolfson
A11-074      Awarded: 10/25/2011
Title:Affordable Active Phased Array Sensor Systems
Abstract:The U.S. Army is currently investing in the development of affordable electronics for defense systems. Specifically, affordable active phased arrays are being explored for the purpose of reducing the cost of missile seekers. As threat types, ranges and ballistics become more and more abundant and diverse, there becomes a increasing need for missile seekers than provide guidance with a high degree of accuracy to insure lethality upon intercepting the threat. As the threat matrix increases so does the need for affordable seekers. The focus of the proposed effort is on the design of affordable active phased array sensors at Ku- and Ka- bands. Specifically, in this proposal TSC presents Ku-band and Ka-band active phased array solutions that address affordability, reliability, size/weight and thermal management.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Brian York
A11-075      Awarded: 10/24/2011
Title:Coupled Pyrolysis, Radiant Heat Transfer, and Fluid Dynamics Modeling
Abstract:The proposed Phase I effort involves the formulation of an advanced model for accurately simulating the post burn out effects in solid rocket motors. This “all encompassing” model will account for known physical phenomena such as pyrolysis, heat conduction, fluid dynamics, and radiative transport within the motor chamber. Several high fidelity models currently exist to model these physical processes and innovative approaches will be developed to successfully couple these models into an existing state of the art CFD code. In Phase I we will focus on coupling the fluid dynamics with a radiative heat transfer model that accounts for the effects of the gas and particles demonstrating the effects for a simple unit problem. The plan developed in Phase I will be systematically implemented in Phase II and will include motor specific submodels for the pyrolysis and heat transfer. The end result will be an all encompassing “end-to-end” model that can be utilized to accurately predict post burn out phenomena in solid rocket motors. It is envisioned that the resulting upgraded CFD model will also be invaluable in modeling the solid rocket motor, nozzle, and exhaust plume flowfield from ignition to burn out as well.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 304-4086
Zachary Taylor
A11-076      Awarded: 10/24/2011
Title:SMFB Technology
Abstract:In the Phase I effort, GTL will demonstrate the feasibility of the SMFB technology for fusion bonding of thermoplastic matrix composites. GTL will perform a series of experiments to quantify the effectiveness of various SMFB configurations. The effort will also explore several options for introducing the required heat to melt the thermoplastic around the SMFB. Once these data are known, GTL will fabricate a series of labscale SMFB plies and use them to fusion bond the lap joint between two thermoplastic cylinders. After inspection for voids and flaws, the joined cylinders will be structurally tested to quantify the lap shear strength of the fusion bonded joint. In the Phase I option effort, GTL will apply the knowledge gained in the first part of the effort to design a SMFB ply that is compatible with a seven-inch diameter TPMC motorcase and airframe. Several proof-of-concept SMFB plies will be fabricated and used to demonstrate the fusion bonding technique. It is envisioned that the Phase II effort will include additional validation of the bonding performance and will seek to expand the SMFB toolbox to include additional thermoplastic materials, fiber materials, and configurations.

San Diego Composites, Inc.
9550 Ridgehaven Ct
San Diego, CA 92123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 751-0450
Gary Wonacott
A11-076      Awarded: 11/17/2011
Title:Fusion Bonding of Thermoplastic Composite Missile Structures
Abstract:The proposed program will develop a recipe for fusion welding thermoplastic composite missile airframe lap joints. Fusion welding is a well established process with a wide variety of choices for inducing heat at the interface for many configurations, except for cylinders. The problem or challenge is not so much the fusion process once the heat and pressure are on the joint as it is the methodology for getting the correct heat and pressure on the lap joint for fusion to occur. The problem is complicated by the presence of tolerances or gaps in the lap joint as well as the high processing temperature for thermoplastics. A combined analytical and experimental program is planned that will demonstrate a methodology for mitigating the gap issue, then achieving the process temperature for fusion at the lap joint interface, with the correct magnitude of radial pressure on the lap joint. Initially thermal and thermo-structural analytical models will be used as a path finder for the approach. But the only way to demonstrate feasibility is to fabricate representative cylinders and implement the process. SDC will work closely with the AMRDEC as well as prime contractor engineers to do this in the Phase I program.

Materials Sciences Corporation
135 Rock Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Richard Foedinger
A11-077      Awarded: 10/20/2011
Title:Process Modeling and Analysis Tools for Thermoplastic Composite Missile Structures (MSC P4030)
Abstract:Carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites (TPMCs) offer significant benefits for high performance composite structures for aviation and missile applications. Despite these advantages, TPMC materials and processing methods are not sufficiently characterized compared to most thermoset matrix composites. A better understanding of the influence of material forms and processing parameters on mechanical properties of the final product is needed. The research proposed here involves the development and validation of an improved methodology for modeling and analysis of the automated tape placement process of carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic matrix composites. Model development and validation will be guided by prior modeling experience in the characterization of carbon fiber reinforced composites and extensive manufacturing experience with the in-situ automated tape placement process. Laboratory scale parametric experiments will be performed for different TPMC materials and ATP process conditions to guide the model development and characterize the influence of process conditions on material behavior and resulting properties.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 995-4859
Akhlishe Jha
A11-077      Awarded: 11/7/2011
Title:Process Modeling and Analysis Tools for Thermoplastic Composite Missile Structures
Abstract:The goal of this proposal is to develop and integrate a material process modeling tool into existing Automated Filament Placement (AFP) and Automated Tape Laying (ATL) infrastructure to have prediction capabilities over the mechanical performance of thermoplastic matrix fiber-reinforced composites (TPMCs). The proposed modeling tool is needed in order to produce consistent mechanical properties of manufactured composite structure. To this end, our goal is to capture effects of process parameters (heat rate, tooling temperature, applied pressure, tape angle orientation, varying crystalline structures) that directly alter the original mechanical properties of TPMCs. Although AFP and ATL advances processes enable large quantities of thermoplastic composites to be refined and parts fabricated to scale within a cost effective scope, the lack of process understanding inhibits accurate production and ultimately impacts the functionality of the composite material. The need to provide a modeling solution to enhance existing manufacturing equipment is crucial to the advancement of thermoplastic composite technologies. The Phase I work will conclude with the demonstration of the process modeling software that predicts the mechanical properties of TPMCs based on the process parameters and will provide a detailed comparison studies with the data in literature and those obtained from coupon-level tests.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
A11-078      Awarded: 9/28/2011
Title:Quantitative Analysis of ALON and Spinel Dome Blanks
Abstract:Multimode seekers are receiving significant attention as a way to provide more capability in the same package. In some cases, both optical and millimeter wave seekers are being combined in a way that requires a common aperture. The requirements for such a system place a tremendous burden on the design and production of the dome. The optical requirements on such domes drive the associated tolerances to a degree that makes these domes very difficult and expensive to produce. The additional requirement to perform inspection polish and characterize ALON and spinel dome blanks prior to final fabrication is further increasing the cost of producing these domes. Surmet has already developed, and utilizes in production a method of screening spinel lens blanks prior to final fabrication. For this Phase I effort, Surmet proposes to improve upon and extend this method to nearly full hemispherical ALON and spinel dome blanks.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
J. Steckenrider
A11-078      Awarded: 9/28/2011
Title:Quantitative Analysis of the Internal Material Properties of Dome Blanks
Abstract:Technology Assessment & Transfer (TA&T) is a manufacturer of optical ceramic missile dome blanks that are delivered to optical fabricators who greatly increase the value of the domes by grinding and polishing to final specifications. Current inspection methods do not assure that every dome blank is worthy of further processing by the fabricators. TA&T will develop a suite of non-destructive inspection techniques for as-fired dome blanks that will reduce overall program costs by allowing effective 100% inspection of dome blanks prior to costly machining operations. Where feasible, TA&T will also employ these methods upstream in its manufacturing process to reduce the costs of dome blanks.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 242-9800
Kamran Mahbobi
A11-079      Awarded: 9/28/2011
Title:High Bandwidth Terahertz Communication Link
Abstract:MaXentric, in collaboration with North Carolina State University, is proposing a unique sub- terahertz D-band wireless communication radio that can deliver throughputs exceeding 1 Gb/s at a range of 1 km using a D-band Integrated with V-band Architecture or DIVA. DIVA’s Phase I development efforts include the design of a D-band based MMIC that can directly connect to the Gb/S V-band Transceiver (GVT) technology developed by MaXentric. MaXentric Phase I efforts involve the development of the MMIC D-band RF front- end chip and the adaptation of MaXentric’s GVT for D-band operations and D-band MMIC integration. DIVA’s reliance on using an intermediate v-band front end is a clear balance between a lower risk rapidly maturing V-band and E-band components with a new development for a D-band MMIC. DIVA will offer a 2 Gb/s link throughput based on its current implementation road map with a demonstrable 1.4 Gb/s link throughput today.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 781-7416
Dave Pechner
A11-079      Awarded: 11/17/2011
Title:High Bandwidth Terahertz Communication Link
Abstract:Sub-THz and THz frequency bands are still largely untapped for communications despite its vastly available spectrum resources. For military communications, the high atmospheric propagation loss of THz frequencies is of particular interest since it provides enhanced data security and jam resistance for short range communication links. SA Photonics proposes a wide field of view high data rate, short range tunable THz radio. The system allows full duplex 2-way communication without resorting to mechanical tracking or a large antenna. It employs latest technology advancement in SiGe and Silicon semiconductor processes coupled with state of the art digital modulation and error correction techniques to enable over 1Gb/s data rate for range up to 1 km in outdoor environment.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 247-9440
Richard Chedester
A11-079      Awarded: 11/10/2011
Title:High Bandwidth Terahertz Communication Link
Abstract:Trex Enterprises proposes the design and fabrication of a sub-THz heterodyne communications link capable of one-way broadcast of high speed data to multiple receivers within 1 km. The link operates near the 183 GHz water vapor absorption line and has the design goal of > 3 Gbps data rates, with a path to 10 Gbps in the near future. The transmitter incorporates a novel antenna horn design that minimizes energy in sidelobes to increase range and aid in covertness. The proposed baseline approach tunes the carrier frequency around the water absorption line to cloak the transmission beyond the required link range. Trex has identified sources for wide band sub-THz amplifiers and mixers, but the majority of components required for the design are already in production for Trex’s commercial communication links. Trex is a world leader in the field of point-to-point MMW communications links, selling 70/80 GHz full-duplex communications links to both military and commercial customers through its Loea Communications Corporation subsidiary, and also has significant experience in systems operating above 200 GHz. Fabrication of the new sub-THz modules and components will take place in Trex’s MMW electronic assembly facility in West Hatfield, MA, while system final assembly and test will be performed at Trex headquarters in San Diego, CA.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 983-3558
David Tolliver
A11-080      Awarded: 12/1/2011
Title:Immersive Vision, Data Fusion and Threat Awareness for Enhanced Sensor-to-Shooter Engagement/Targeting
Abstract:ObjectVideo, teaming with Professor Frank Dellaert, proposes a real-time system to simultaneously map 3D environments and localize moving agents (including soldiers, vehicles, and robotic platforms) within the acquired map. The technology builds upon Professor Dellaert’s decade of experience in localization and mapping as well as ObjectVideo’s expertise in systems design, computer vision, and mobile device programming. The proposed system uses lightweight low-power and inexpensive sensing and processing hardware as the statistical inference and estimation elements of the proposal are grounded in rigorous and tested technologies. Processing in the proposed system is largely decentralized increasing system robustness and minimizing communication loading of wireless battlefield networks. Finally the computation, display, command and communications are situated on a mobile device that may be worn in a variety of locations depending on mission parameters or used drive external displays.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Mr. Lacaze
A11-080      Awarded: 9/27/2011
Title:Immersive Vision, Data Fusion and Threat Awareness for Enhanced Sensor-to-Shooter Engagement/Targeting
Abstract:Robotic Research, LLC, proposes to develop the Modeling And Perception for HAndheld Computers (MAPHAC) system, which consists of real-time 3D sensing, processing, and display tools for today’s computers and smart phones. MAPHAC’s long-term vision is to provide timely and accurate “video game”-like information about places humans and robots have visited. With enough humans and the correct sensors mounted on robots, knowledge of the battlefield could be more perfectly known. The environment is shown to the user using personal computers, laptops, or handheld computers (e.g., smart phones). Using an intuitive user interface, the warfighter can navigate through the virtual world by running, walking, or examining objects close up. To avoid spreading resources too thin, initial focus on Phase I is for robotic, rather than human, sensing. The robot case is thought to be easier because a robot’s motion is more easily characterized than a human’s. However, Phase II and beyond will address the human case in addition to the robot case. The overall goal of MAPHAC’s Phase I SBIR effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of the underlying sensing, processing, and visualization technologies for the small robot case.

Spatial Cognition, LLC
2720 Third Ave Suite #910
Seattle, WA 98121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 641-7906
Arvind Sekar
A11-080      Awarded: 10/14/2011
Title:MAPHAC – Modeling And Perception for HAndheld Computers
Abstract:In order to improve situational awareness in high-density urban areas and complex terrains where threats can come from different elevations, three-dimensional mapping and visualization systems could prove to be very effective. Building systems that can integrate dense, live sensor data with existing geographic data to visualize a 3D environment in a timely fashion has proven difficult. Properly designing these systems requires deviating from orthodox algorithms in the fields of computer graphics, data management, and distributed systems. Spatial Cognition proposes a design for a modular, distributed, and portable 3D mapping and visualization system for mounted/dismounted operations. This system is built on new spatial partitioning algorithms, rendering techniques, and collective localization heuristics designed to integrate live and existing data sources and leverage the latest advances in GPU technology. The proposed Phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility of building this system, create a detailed design for a prototype system, and validate that this system can significantly reduce collective engagement timelines for fleeting, time-sensitive targets.

Peregrine Falcon Corporation
1051 Serpentine Lane, Ste 100
Pleasanton, CA 94566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 461-6800
Robert Hardesty
A11-082      Awarded: 10/20/2011
Title:Novel Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) High Flux Heat Exchanger
Abstract:This innovation will create a high heat flux device to remove waste heat from densely packed solid-state devices increasing the current thermal conductivity of conduction planes, heat spreaders, heat sinks and thermal planes from the typical state of the art of 167 W/mºK (aluminum) to over 1500 W/mºK while maintaining the current packaging envelop and design. This increase in thermal conductivity will allow solid state devices to operate nearly a magnitude cooler. This innovation will also provide an adaptable and scalable product that can readily fit into current and future designs.

Ultramet
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Matthew Wright
A11-082      Awarded: 10/27/2011
Title:Novel Graphite Foam for High Heat Flux MMIC Cooling
Abstract:Monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMIC) generate ever-increasing heat loads. Foam-based cooling systems have proven beneficial for high heat dissipation with low pumping and small volume requirements. In previous work, Ultramet fabricated silicon carbide (SiC) foam heat sinks for gallium nitride (GaN) power amplifiers that provided excellent corrosion resistance and a perfect thermal expansion match with SiC electronics. As a single-phase water system, SiC foam heat sinks dissipated over 1000 W/cm2 of steady- state heat flux with a resulting die surface temperature of just 53C. Cooling systems based on graphite foam are promising because graphite is lightweight and has high thermal conductivity. However, existing commercially available graphite foam has shortcomings in that the cell size is small, the windows that separate the individual cells are quite small and frequently closed, and the porosity level is relatively low (typically 5070%), all of which result in a high pressure drop and low efficiency. In this project, a novel graphite foam will be developed based on processing methods used in ongoing commercial manufacturing at Ultramet for carbon foam. The resulting open-cell graphite foam will act as a high thermal conductivity, high surface area cooling fin that will be tested under a range of heat flux and airflow conditions.

RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
1717 Stewart Street
Santa Monica, CA 90404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 822-5845
Alexei Smirnov
A11-083      Awarded: 11/2/2011
Title:C-band Solid State Streamed Source
Abstract:A C-band, 600 W, tube-free power source based on advanced combining of a streamed array of GaN amplifiers is proposed. The distinguishing features of the design are broad bandwidth, compactness, robustness, and efficiency that may exceed vacuum tubes operating in this band and the most powerful single-chip solid-state amplifiers operating in C-band. In Phase I, the design will be studied in-depth to compare to state-of-the-art alternatives. A passive test of the combining technique will be performed to demonstrate feasibility. The successful Phase I project will lead the way to Phase II, in which we expect to build and characterize the 600 W streamed C-band power source in order to demonstrate its performance in a high-fidelity laboratory environment.

Vadum
601 Hutton St Suite 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Todd Nichols
A11-083      Awarded: 11/18/2011
Title:Solid State High Power C-Band TWTA Replacement
Abstract:Many currently deployed and in-development weapons and associated systems require copious amounts of RF (radio frequency) power at many different frequency ranges. Simply put, the problem of RF power generation gets more difficult with increasing power level, increasing frequency, increasing bandwidth, and increasing efficiency with fixed system prime power and thermal constraints. The traditional trade study preparatory to architecture, class, and device selection and then circuit design is a consideration of the n-dimensional space where each of these metrics is an axis. Many possible choices exist, for many different applications – comms, EW (electronic warfare), radar, etc. – and thus traditional choices abound. Despite the availability of traditional RF/microwave power amplifier choices these choices often have well-known shortcomings such as size, weight, cost, efficiency, and fragility. Time marches on, new circuit and system architectures evolve, and new device technologies come to fruition. There is both an ongoing push from innovators in industry and a continual pull from the user community to improve these shortcomings in operational systems. This proposal intends to exploit and satisfy both, for a particular amplifier embodiment.

Faraday Technology, Inc.
315 Huls Drive
Clayton, OH 45315
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 836-7749
E. Taylor
A11-084      Awarded: 10/21/2011
Title:FARADAYIC Recycling ECM Process and Hardware
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program addresses the need for an integrated manufacturing method to recover and recycle metal removed during electrochemical machining. The proposed integrated system combines electrochemical machining, electrowinning, induced codeposition and metal ion concentration to directly recover the machined metal, for engineering materials of interest to the U.S. Army, while maintaining the electrolyte such that it can be immediately returned to the electrochemical machining process. Ideally, a zero- discharge process would be created. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the FARADAYICSM Electrowinning Process and FARADAYIC® Electrowinning Cell, targeting the metals of most interest to the Army, copper and steel. Experimental data generated will enable estimates of electrolyte throughput, metal recovery rate, total mass recoverable, cell configuration and validate lack of hazardous material generation. The Phase I Option will extend the technology to other metals, and initiate the design of a pilot-scale facility that will enable relevant volume qualification and quantification of the technology. In Phase II we will build the pilot-scale facility, qualify the technology, and develop more detailed quantification of the reduction in the sludge produced during recycled electrochemical machining. We will investigate other metals and extend the technology to commercial applications, engaging potential strategic alliances.

Creare, Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Paul Sorensen
A11-085      Awarded: 11/1/2011
Title:MEMS-Based North-Orienting System
Abstract:The Army uses Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) for the location and tracking of enemy soldiers and vehicles. The sensors can often determine range and relative bearing to the signal source, but without knowing its own orientation, these data cannot be converted to source geo location and ground track. There is therefore a need for a sensor to determine the UGS azimuth, roll, and pitch relative to an Earth referenced frame. Creare proposes to develop, build, and test a novel high performance MEMS gyro compass based on the most accurate MEMS rate gyroscopes currently available. The compass will provide azimuth, roll, and pitch with much better than 2 degree of accuracy in a ruggedized package capable of withstanding the harsh environment in the field. The sensor will be low-cost and consume little power.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
A11-085      Awarded: 10/17/2011
Title:Novel North Orienting Device
Abstract:The US military uses unattended ground sensors (UGS) to provide situational awareness for remote battlefield applications. Currently, many UGS units are equipped with a magnetic compass. A magnetic compass, however, is sensitive to local mineralogy (deposits of magnetite or iron ore) and power lines. In addition, the equipment itself may also create a magnetic bias. We propose a novel North Orientation Device (NOD) which comprises two non-magnetic azimuth sensing technologies: A Celestial Compass and a MEMS tuning fork gyro compass. The combination of the two technologies will provide the best possible azimuth solution under all weather conditions and in the presence of magnetic abnormalities, while minimizing size, weight and power. Under clear and partly cloudy skies, the Celestial Compass provides highly accurate and nearly instantaneous azimuth measurements. In bad weather, the MEMS tuning fork gyro will determine the bearings to targets. In Phase I, we will design the overall system architecture, assemble, test and evaluate all critical components, fabricate a breadboard prototype and demonstrate that the prototype meets the key requirements of the solicitation. In Phase II, we will refine and ruggedize the system and build 10 prototypes for testing.

General Sciences, Incorporated
205 Schoolhouse Road
Souderton, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter Zavitsanos
A11-086      Awarded: 12/22/2011
Title:Engineered Ignition of Novel Structural Reactive Materials
Abstract:The US Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic/reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. Munitions of today contain a high amount of inert material, usually steel, that serves as structural elements and fragment generation. General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) proposes to replace steel with reactive material that is capable of reliable and repeatable ignition, supporting a load, forming reactive fragments when the munition is detonated, produces temperatures in excess of 2000 K and has an exothermic energy output greater than 2000 cal/g. GSI has produced many reactive materials and currently has several candidates that are very likely to meet and exceed these goals. This approach is based on exploiting reactive materials (developed by GSI) which have shown a high degree of promise in meeting the Army’s goals.

Reactive Metals International Inc.
340 East Church Rd
King of Prussia, PA 19406
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 279-2340
Gregory Knowlton
A11-086      Awarded: 12/21/2011
Title:DESIGNER COMPOSITE REACTIVE MATERIALS
Abstract:Structural Reactive Materials (SRM) have unique properties and through a stepwise high energy milling technique and subsequent powder consolidation, energetic solids can be synthesized and shaped for use in the propellants, ordnance and pyrotechnics communities where the ignition properties and thermodynamics are known and can be tightly controlled. High energy milling gives a fully dense reactive powder with a narrow particle size distribution which can produce structurally biased materials by design through control of the milling parameters and process control agents. It is anticipated that to achieve the required density for practical munitions the reactive materials must be metals which tend to have unreactive oxide layers. High energy milling produces materials that are highly reactive where fresh surfaces of the composite are exposed through shearing and deforming in the milling process, creating nanoscale reactive domains which ensure a high reactivity of the composite material even with oxides present. These structurally reactive materials can then be consolidated into shapes where they are structurally sound, highly energetic and reactive, with ignition properties that are predictive and controlled. Metals based reactive materials will have the appropriate density and reaction temperature for effect IED and chemical/biological agent defeat.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
85 Air Park Drive-Unit 3
Ronkonkoma, NY 11779
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A11-087      Awarded: 10/19/2011
Title:Low-Power Consumption Control Surface Actuation Devices for Munitions
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of several novel, very low-volume and high dynamic response control surface actuation device concepts for gun-fired munitions and mortars that consume very small amount of electrical energy for their operation. These control surface actuation devices are readily and inexpensively implemented in munitions of different calibers, including small and medium caliber, subsonic and supersonic, and munitions with very high setback accelerations of over 50 KG. These actuation devices can be integrated into the structure of munitions to further reduce the usable volume that they occupy. The design of these novel control surface actuation devices allows them to be readily protected against very high firing acceleration loads, vibration, impact loading, repeated loading and acceleration and deceleration cycles that can be experienced during transportation and munitions loading operations. In addition, their mode of generating actuation forces and torques allows them to achieve peak actuation forces and torques in less than 2-3 msec, thereby providing very high level of dynamic response. Projectiles equipped with the proposed control surface actuation devices should be capable of achieving significantly enhanced precision for both stationary and moving targets, thereby achieving significantly enhanced probability of hit.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
Bhanumathi Chelluri
A11-088      Awarded: 10/24/2011
Title:Dynamic Powder Consolidation for Full Density and Nano Grain Preservation
Abstract:Transparent polycrystalline ceramic nanomaterials benefit a host of military applications including as laser materials, transparent armor, and high strength windows. While current nanopowder processing techniques produce large quantities of quality ceramic nanopowders, they yield parts with sub-micron to micron grain sizes when manufactured by conventional press, sinter, and HIP methods or through hot pressing. Nevertheless, these parts still show promise for higher strength and optical performance compared to those produced from micron-sized starting powders. In order to reap the full property enhancement potential of nanopowders, the final sintered part must retain its nanograin structure (<100 nm). The proposed project will develop a dynamic, high-density (>70 %) green body compaction technique for ceramic nanopowders. Such compacts will enable sintering at lower temperature and for shorter times to reach full density, thereby preserving the desirable nanograin size in the final part. We anticipate such a process development will yield nanostructured bulk ceramics with mechanical and optical performance enhancements that lie well beyond those currently achievable at an affordable cost.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 875-4091
Thomas Mroz
A11-088      Awarded: 10/24/2011
Title:Improved Consolidation of Nanopowders
Abstract:Preparation of ceramics and composites from nanosized powders holds the promise of improved mechanical, electrical and optical properties. However, the extreme difficulty of processing these ultrafine powders often obviates the value of the small powder size. In particular, consolidation of powders to create preforms for later thermal processing is significantly hampered by the low bulk density, tendency towards agglomeration and poor flow characteristics of these powders. Poor quality preforms require higher thermal processing conditions, which in turn result in unwanted and destructive grain growth. Surmet has identified several processing opportunities that combat the low bulk density and poor consolidation problems for nanopowders. By improving the bulk density of nanopowders, better preforms can be produced with less volumetric change. Enhanced consolidating processes will further improve the quality of the preform. Our prior development has proven that reduced thermal processing requirements are required for performs with improved structure. The Phase I program will focus on further development of an existing nanopowder bulk density improvement process, and couple it with new developments in powder pressing technology to yield performs of improved density and structural uniformity. Our effort will utilize commercial nanosized spinel powders, with the intended product being a transparent optical ceramic material.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2321
Girish Srinivas
A11-089      Awarded: 11/16/2011
Title:Passivation Method for Aluminum Nanoparticles
Abstract:Due to its favorable combustion properties, aluminum is the material of choice in metalized nanoparticle formulations for energetic materials; however, the full potential of aluminum nanoparticles has not been realized due to the presence of a nascent oxide layer (Al2O3) that surrounds the nanoparticles and retards combustion. As a result, the military needs novel passivation techniques that have a minimal effect on the combustion properties but still protect the native Al-metal from oxidation under ambient conditions. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop surface modification chemistry for passivating bare Al- nanoparticles (i.e., Al-nanoparticles that will not form a surface oxide-layer). Using a combination of computational methods and experimental chemistry, TDA will develop surface passivation chemistry that will protect the native Al-metal nanoparticles from oxidation and thereby enhance their reactivity. By developing novel Al-surface chemistry that will passivate bare Al-nanoparticles without the formation of a non-reactive oxide layer, we will develop an air-stable Al-nanoparticle that has a decreased passivation layer thickness and thus will be more reactive.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 255-9368
Christopher Crouse
A11-089      Awarded: 10/14/2011
Title:Innovative Passivation Technologies for Aluminum Nanoparticles
Abstract:Aluminum (Al) has an energy density (-31.05 kJ/g) nearly three times higher than most molecular high explosives and its combustion yields an exothermic release of energy (ƒ´Hf (Al2O3) = -1676.8 kJ/mol) but is limited by surface diffusion, therefore an increase in surface area yields a direct increase on the reaction rate. Aluminum nanopowders (nano- Al) possess surface areas on the order of 20-40 m2/g and have attracted interest throughout the energetics community for propellant and metallization applications. Unpassivated nano- Al powders are highly pyrophoric and require stabilization through formation of a nascent oxide layer (2-6 nm), however, this process accounts for a 14-38% loss of reactive aluminum. To optimize the reactive Al content in nano-Al powders, UES proposes the use of silicon, deposited through a modified chemical vapor deposition process, as an innovative passivation strategy for stabilizing nano-Al. Silicon has an energy density (-32.42 kJ/g) essentially equivalent to Al and also expresses high reactivity on the nano-scale, although passivation of silicon is achieved through a 34% less dense, 1-2 nm nascent oxide, or the use of organic coatings. Therefore, passivation of nano-Al through deposition of silicon has the potential to eliminate undesirable ¡§dead weight¡¨ and replace it with additional reactive fuel.

Creare, Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Paul Sorensen
A11-090      Awarded: 11/1/2011
Title:MEMS-Based Sensor System for Gun Tubes
Abstract:The targeting accuracy of mortar rounds is critically dependent on obtaining accurate gun barrel azimuth and elevation data to feed to the fire control system. Current barrel attitude determination is not sufficiently accurate and requires manual readouts. Creare proposes to build a sensor for the determination of azimuth and elevation using novel MEMS rate gyros and inclinometers. These highly accurate sensing elements will meet or exceed required accuracy of 1 to 3 mils. The sensor will be packaged in a rugged enclosure that will fit directly onto the barrel. We have included additional MEMS sensors to provide high rate data even after a mortar round has been fired and the barrel may have moved. Creare plans to test a benchtop design in Phase I to prove feasibility of our design and deliver complete field- ready prototypes at the end of Phase II.

MET TECH, INC.
150 Theodore Conrad Drive
Jersey City, NJ 07305
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 200-9772
Catherine Rice
A11-090      Awarded: 10/25/2011
Title:Azimuth and Elevation Orientation System for Gun Tubes
Abstract:A particular need exists for systems to accurately orient mortar gun tubes in the field. Specifically, a system is sought that is compact enough to be man portable and fit on a 60 or 81 mm mortar barrel, capable of withstanding lateral shock up of 3 -15,000G, be able to resolve azimuth and elevation in the 1 to 3 mil range, and settle within 1 minute. In this SBIR program, MET Tech proposes to help meet this need with a system containing an innovative compact high-performance gyroscope, along with suitable linear accelerometer(s). MET Tech has developed a radically new category of inertial sensors (linear and angular accelerometers, gyroscopes, inclinometers and seismometers) called Molecular Electronic Transducers (MET). Unlike other inertial sensors, MET sensors are inherently tolerant of very high shock without compromising performance. They combine the high performance of FOGs with the small size of MEMS sensors, at low cost. In Phase I we will demonstrate feasibility of an azimuth and elevation measurement system meeting program objectives through use of analytical modeling, as well as estimating the performance and cost of a full gun-hardened version. Phase II will develop and fabricate a prototype system, which will be tested for performance and ability to survive a simulated gun-firing. Phase III will be devoted to the development of an optimized mortar control package for integration into munitions selected by the Army.

Materials Modification Inc
2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 560-1371
John Bailey
A11-091      Awarded: 1/9/2012
Title:Novel Protective Coatings for Ammonium Dinitramide
Abstract:Ammonium Dinitramide (ADN) is a potential eco-friendly alternative to more toxic oxidizer ammonium perchlorate (AP) in solid rocket propellants. It is dense, chlorine-free and powerful oxidizer. However, it has a low melting point and highly hygroscopic in nature. It is also incompatible with common urethane-based binders used in explosives and propellants. Therefore, ADN particles need to be protected from moisture and reacting with isocyanate curing agents. In this Phase I effort ADN particles will be encapsulated with a variety of coating materials. The encapsulated ADN powders will be evaluated for improvements in sensitivity and moisture stability and compared against commercial ADN materials.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
A11-091      Awarded: 10/25/2011
Title:Advanced Coatings for Ammonium Dinitramide with Enhanced Stability and Material Compatibility
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc., proposes to develop a desensitize ADN oxidizer for propellants by coating it with targeted compounds to enhance its thermal stability, its compatibility with isocyanate cured binder systems, and its insensitivity to moisture and UV. Our coated ADN ingredient will allow for a viable oxidizer ingredient to be incorporated in propellants and explosives to boost performance. In Phase I, we have proposed to characterize the efficacy of our coated ADN particles and identify candidates for scale-up in Phase II.

Shear Form, Inc.
207 Dellwood St.
Bryan, TX 77801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 822-5038
Robert Barber P.E.
A11-092      Awarded: 12/11/2011
Title:Fabrication of High-Strength Nanostructured Bulk Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:There is a need for better lightweight metal alloys for Department of Defense transportation vehicles. Such material will have extremely high strength and toughness, and could be used for improved armor and other vehicular structural components. We propose to fabricate three advanced extremely high strength aluminum alloys to address the need. To do this we will fabricate aluminum-manganese (Al-Mn), Al-zirconium (Al-Zr), and Al-Mn-Zr alloy powders by ball milling elemental powders to give grain sizes below 20 nm in the alloy. The alloy powders will then be consolidated by warm extrusion or spark plasma sintering or a combination of both, to bulk material with a grain size below 20 nm. The resulting materials are expected to have hardness above 3 GPa, a tensile ductility above 10 % elongation, and thermal stability to 330C. The alloy fabrication and processing parameters are expected to allow for scale-up to prototype size components with favorable economics for commercial manufacture.

Xtalic Corporation
260 Cedar Hill Street
Marlborough, MA 01752
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 804-7253
Shiyun Ruan
A11-092      Awarded: 1/17/2012
Title:Fabrication of High-Strength, Nanostructured Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:Nanostructured aluminum alloys, high-strength, high toughness, bulk mechanical properties, strain rate sensitivity, thermal stability, bulk electroforming, continuous sheet production

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Prachee Sharma
A11-093      Awarded: 12/6/2011
Title:Non Intrusive Network Performance Evaluation Framework
Abstract:Mobile adhoc networks (MANETs) exhibit time varying topology due to mobility and absence of a fixed infrastructure. As a result, the wireless links in MANETs are subject to frequent deterioration in quality. MANETs are also susceptible to attacks due to collaboration between nodes to achieve near optimal performance. The performance and security of such networks are of great interest and must be evaluated before deployment. The goal of this SBIR is to design and develop a performance evaluation system for MANETs. The proposed performance evaluation network will measure effectiveness of complex MANETs without causing any intrusion or disruption to their operation. We propose a completely novel performance measurement network to monitor data-communication network thru packet sniffing. A flexible architecture is proposed in which both wired or wireless interfaces can be used. A distributed approach is proposed that collects and analyzes data at measurement nodes. We also propose a database synchronization approach using which terabytes of data collected during network monitoring can be transmitted and collected at a centralized control center for off line or near real-time analysis. We have included multiple approaches that can be used to measure the network effectiveness in terms of topology/routing protocols, security and reliability.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5209
Hongmei (Julia) Deng
A11-093      Awarded: 12/15/2011
Title:A Distributed Non-intrusive Real-time Network Effectiveness Measurement System
Abstract:The future military network is envisioned to be a system of systems consisting of heterogeneous groups/domains operating at different networking paradigms using different waveforms/interfaces. Existing research has been focused mostly on the enabling technologies such as radios, media access, network protocols, scheduling, etc., however, a grand challenge has emerged: how do we effectively measure the network performance, and identify the potential protocol/configuration/policy issues, in order to assure that networks will function effectively in dynamic and possibly bandwidth-constrained military environments? To address this critical need, we propose to develop a distributed Non-intrusive Real-time network effectiveness Measurement (NORM) system, which monitors, collects, transfers and analyzes network effectiveness without impact the network being measured. Our goal is to implement an effective non-intrusive real-time monitoring system by integrating hardware platform and software components.

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9000
Vahid Sotoudeh
A11-094      Awarded: 11/16/2011
Title:Fiber-Optic Instrumentation for Ballistic Impact Assessment
Abstract:Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation (IFOS) proposes an approach of developing an optical fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based real-time instrumentation system for quantitative evaluation of the whole-field dynamic response of ballistic impacted specimens. IFOS key innovation is in the use of advanced fiber optic sensing system that can measure the spatial deformation of the armor throughout the duration of the ballistic impact, leading to identification of effectiveness, possible transient effects and the resulting damage distribution. The sensing system is modular, uses electrically passive, electromagnetic interference (EMI) immune, multiplexable, fiber optic sensing technology with many sensors on a single lightweight commercial-grade optical fiber that is unobtrusively attached to the armor. As well as providing significant reductions in weight, power consumption, footprint and substantial increase in interrogation speed, the proposed development has diverse spin- off applications. The military applications are with the tactical and law enforcement sector by enabling characterization of the ballistic impact on military personnel protective tools, including helmets, body armor and vests. Improved body armor increases the survivability of the military, the law enforcement and border patrol personnel. This technology will provide real-time ballistic impact detection on various army lightweight vehicles including JLTV, MMWV, and MRAP

MetroLaser, Inc.
22941 Mill Creek Drive
Laguna Hills, CA 92653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Cecil Hess
A11-094      Awarded: 11/21/2011
Title:Multi-Beam Laser Velocimeter for Whole Field, Time Resolved Impact Measurements
Abstract:In response to the Armys requirement for new instrumentation for the quantitative evaluation of the whole-field dynamic response of ballistic impacted specimens, MetroLaser proposes a multi-beam laser velocimeter that will measure the time history of velocity and displacement at 8x8 points of the target throughout the impact. The time resolution of the measurement is estimated to be better than 1 microsecond and the record length would be 10 milliseconds or longer. The Phase I work would include both modeling and experimental demonstrations with a 16-beam system and would culminate with the conceptual design of a Phase II prototype.

DAVIS Sciences Corporation
15515 Copperfield Drive
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 304-6853
Lemuel Davis
A11-095      Awarded: 12/15/2011
Title:Edge Enabled Systems for ISR Applications
Abstract:Edge enabled systems promise to significantly enhance the effectiveness of the dismounted warfighter. These systems, comprised of edge-located clients and cloud-based services, provide the capabilities and opportunity to create better situational awareness throughout the kill chain. The “Edge-Enterprise” concept can enhance situational awareness by reducing the sensor-to-soldier latency (staleness) of information and creating a contextual backdrop against which the warfighter can better formulate decisions. Some of the key data sets residing within this framework are data originating from Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance sources. Despite the potential advantages and demonstrated successes of edge enablement in numerous consumer/commercial contexts, pushing ISR data to the edge in a military context is viewed cautiously by many. The technical uncertainties and policies governing the collection, dissemination and use of ISR data results in a gradual approach that sometimes positions the warfighter at a disadvantage to more agile adversaries. What is needed is a portfolio of low-cost technology demonstrations that will enable decision makers to gain confidence in the technology, refine the governing policies, and build advocacy for edge enabled systems.

Management Sciences, Inc.
6022 Constitution Avenue NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 255-8611
Kshanti Greene
A11-095      Awarded: 12/23/2011
Title:EdgeWare: Evolving ISR Applications for the Warfighter
Abstract:Management Sciences (MSI) has developed fundamental technologies to improve situation awareness and agility in dynamic, uncertain environments. For instance, in a USMC SBIR CPP MSI is developing real time situation awareness for Sense and Respond Logistics. In a Phase II DARPA SBIR MSI is developing ePluribus Solver, a collaborative whiteboarding application incorporating distanced teams for problem solving and rapid response. MSI is completing an Army Phase II SBIR that has developed a cognitive fusion architecture enabling models to continuously evolve. We propose to combine these core technologies to design and develop an edge enabled system (EES) for ISR applications. Using our framework called ePluribus EdgeWare, warfighters will develop, extend and combine ISR applications for their particular needs. Situation awareness and response time will improve through sensing and reasoning applications that evolve out of the common needs of individual soldiers. In addition to improving access to information for the dismounted soldier, our approach to EES will increase the relevance of incoming information to a soldier’s mission by allowing them to customize how the information is acquired, processed and interpreted. EdgeWare will be developed for Android-based devices with secure access to the warfighter network, such as the General Dynamics GD300 wearable computer.

Aegis Techonolgy
12630 G Westminster Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
A11-096      Awarded: 1/6/2012
Title:High-temperature, High-energy-density, Lower-rare-earth Permanent Magnets
Abstract:This project is to develop and demonstrate a novel class of high-temperature high-energy- density nanocomposites permanent magnets with low rare-earth content, whicah can be processed with a low cost method and can be cost-effectively used for high performance permanent magnet alternators

Electron Energy Corporation
924 Links Avenue
Landisville, PA 17538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 898-2294
Jinfang Liu
A11-096      Awarded: 12/14/2011
Title:3 kW High Performance Permanent Magnet Alternator
Abstract:The huge price spikes and shortage of supply of rare earth elements pose a significant challenge to the US industries. The proposer will develop a 3 kW alternator for Army applications using high performance magnetic material with less or no rare earth.

QM Power, Inc.
1111 S.E. Broadway Dr.
Lee's Summit, MO 64081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(816) 246-4200
John Lebo
A11-096      Awarded: 11/18/2011
Title:3 kW High Performance Permanent Magnet Alternator
Abstract:The objective of this proposed SBIR Phase I effort is to design, analyze, and demonstrate a high performance 3kW alternator that has no rare earth content and simultaneously is smaller, lighter, quieter and more efficient than alternators based on induction machines currently in the Army’s inventory. QM Power’s Parallel Path Magnetic Technology (PPMT™) is a breakthrough magnetic circuit design that can be applied to a wide variety of electromechanical devices, including alternators. Compared to conventional alternators, PPMT™ alternators have higher power density, can operate at higher ambient temperatures without active cooling, operate at high speeds, are highly reliable, can be motored, can be rapidly switched off, and operate more efficiently over a wider power range. Moreover, PPMT™ requires less magnetic material than conventional permanent magnet designs and can achieve higher performance with a wide range of magnetic materials including those with no rare earth content.

Mercury Data Systems
4214 Beechwood Drive Suite 105
Greensboro, NC 27410
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 294-2828
John Taylor
A11-097      Awarded: 11/21/2011
Title:Distributed Navigation Solutions
Abstract:We propose development of a robust and reconfigurable distributed processing architecture, whose framework will support high availability and cooperative sharing of localization information, services, and processing capability across mobile wireless ad hoc networks nodes, including both human and autonomous vehicle platforms. Additionally, the architecture will enable autonomous (goal based) and human directed tasking of autonomous vehicle platforms.

TRX Systems, Inc.
7500 Greenbelt Suite 420
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 313-0053
Carole Teolis
A11-097      Awarded: 1/25/2012
Title:Distributed Navigation Solutions
Abstract:TRX Systems will deliver a soldier navigation solution that uses team-wide information and collaborative distributed computing to provide a position accuracy of 1m in GPS denied environments. The goal of high accuracy and robust navigation for mobile soldiers requires a flexible system design that makes use of all available information. A network of soldiers must be able to move seamlessly from operating individually to team-wide navigation to share fundamental measurements. To accomplish this, the soldier worn navigation solution must distribute navigation computation to the individual soldier (taking into account the limited computational ability available on soldier equipment). This system must also leverage the available communications (to other squad members and optionally to ground sensors, vehicle based navigation systems and command) to share dynamic and timely information to improve the navigation solution. The final system must have size, weight, power, and cost appropriate for a soldier worn system. TRX is focused solely on developing algorithms and technology for effective, accurate, location and tracking solutions in GPS denied environments. TRX uniquely has a starting point in navigation algorithms using team-wide information for distributed personnel tracking, and we will enhance and modify our personnel tracking system to provide the required distributed navigation solution.

NEI Corporation
400 E Apgar Drive
Somerset, NJ 08873
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 868-3141
Mohit Jain
A11-098      Awarded: 11/15/2011
Title:Multi-functional, self-regenerative, high-efficiency filter for removal of toxic industrial chemicals from air ducts
Abstract:Currently used air filters in DOD infrastructures are limited in their ability to adsorb Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Further, these filters are designed for single use, and need to be replaced frequently, hence increasing the maintenance cost. The proposed program will demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating an air filter with high adsorption capability for TICs and VOCs, with the capability to regenerate itself without having to be removed from the filter assembly. The proposed program builds upon NEI’s prior experience in producing sorbents to remove toxic metals from air and water streams, which is combined with our university collaborator’s expertise in designing air filters with regeneration capabilities. In Phase I, a novel multifunctional and self-regenerative filter will be fabricated and assembled. The filters will be characterized for sorption capacity for TICs such as DMMP, HCN, NH3, and Benzene. Additionally, the regeneration capability of the filters will be determined using an electro-thermal swing method. By the end of the Phase I program, sample quantities of the proposed filter material will also be provided to the Army for evaluation. Several companies in the business of managing air quality have already expressed interest in working with us to help develop the new filter. In Phase II, we will collaborate with engineers at companies that develop and manufacture air filters, as well as the end-users of these air filters (in addition to the Army). This will allow us to develop a practical air filtration system that can satisfy all the functional performance requirements.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Christian Junaedi
A11-098      Awarded: 1/20/2012
Title:Regenerable Air Filter Media for Adsorption of Toxic Industrial Chemicals
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes to develop a new compact, high efficiency and regenerable adsorption media and system technology for capturing toxic industrial chemicals (TIC) to provide continuous collective protection for DoD infrastructure. This technology will be based upon our novel proprietary high mass and heat transfer adsorption material support elements, originally developed for cabin atmosphere revitalization systems for spacecraft and space station applications, which was demonstrated to be superior (i.e., lower power consumption, lighter, and smaller size) to existing technologies such as pellets and monoliths. Additionally, this technology offers the benefits of rapid in-situ regeneration, high adsorbent utilization, longer adsorbent life, design modularity, and adsorbent flexibility as well as tunability and control of desorption rate and adsorbent bed temperature. In Phase 1, a proof-of-concept of an adsorbent air filter will be developed to demonstrate thermal stability and ability to maintain >90% adsorption activity following exposures to 100 ppmv TIC agent at temperatures of >20°C and relative humidity of 65% for at least 5 adsorption- desorption cycles. Additionally, the prototype ability to capture and release the TIC challenge gas with tunable adsorption and regeneration kinetics will be demonstrated.

Serionix Inc.
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 503-3930
James Langer
A11-098      Awarded: 1/13/2012
Title:Regenerable Air Filter Media for Adsorption of Toxic Industrial Chemicals
Abstract:Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) both pose a significant threat to DoD personnel both in the field as well as in established infrastructure such as large buildings. Current VOC/TIC protection technologies suffer from incomplete removal of contaminants, high operating costs, and limitation to single-use only. Recent research suggests activated carbon fibers (ACFs) are an optimal platform for continuous chemical protection due to high capacity and rapid rates of adsorption and desorption. Traditional ACFs unfortunately suffer from exorbitant costs. This SBIR Phase I project will result in the development of ultrafast, high permeability, regenerable ACFs based on a low- cost carbon-on-glass geometry. Serionix will demonstrate feasibility of this new technology through the following activities: 1) preparation of ACFs using a dip-coating method; 2)characterization of tunable TIC (ammonia, NO2) adsorption capability of the ACFs; 3) research and development of new synthesis and regeneration techniques to maximize the efficiency of the system.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2037
Eric Jayson
A11-099      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Rapidly Deployable Lightweight Shelters for Austere Environments
Abstract:The proposed SBIR program will develop a rapidly deployable lightweight shelter for austere environments that has substantially improved thermal efficiency by comparison to existing systems. A shelter concept is proposed and preliminary structural and thermal analyses are used to demonstrate the potential of the system. The Phase I effort will leverage the tools that are demonstrated in the proposal to optimize the design for weight, durability, and thermal performance. An innovative deployment mechanism is also proposed that reduces deployment time significantly over existing methods. The Phase I Option includes the development and testing of scale-model prototypes of critical components. A commercialization strategy is presented that addresses both military and civilian markets.

Federal Fabrics-Fibers
45 West Adams Street
Lowell, MA 01851
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 441-3037
Fred Geurts
A11-099      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Rapidly Deployable Lightweight Shelters for Austere Environments
Abstract:Federal Fabrics-Fibers Inc. (FFF) produces several sizes and versions of AirBeam supported shelters. These shelters range in size from 15’ to 40’ wide with lengths ranging from 15 to 70 feet. The shelters are designed for rapid setup, high reliability, and relatively long term deployment. Standard designs are for “normal” military specifications including operation temperatures ranging from 40 to 125°F (-40 to 52°C), steady winds of 55 mph, with gusts up to 65 mph, and snow loads of 10 Lb/ft2 (PSF). FFF’s shelters are rapidly deployable using minimal man power, with very fast “Time Under Canopy”. Shelters have been produced with man doors and cargo doors of various sizes. An FFF AirBeam supported shelter, even up to 30’ wide, can easily be set up by only two persons in under 20 minutes, additional time will be necessary to fully secure the system to meet full load capabilities. Shelters to meet the austere environments called out in this proposal request will be exposed to winds of 100 mph, temperatures of -58 to 140°F (- 50 to 60°C), and 20 PSF. These conditions are a bit more stringent that those for which FFF’s shelters are typically designed, however, with minor modifications they are not outside FFF’s shelters capabilities. The goal of this Phase one effort will be to expand the design criteria of Federal Fabrics-Fibers Inc. existing AirFrame supported shelters to meet the additional demands imposed by Austere Environments.

NEMO Equipment, Inc.
100 Factory Street
Nashua, NH 03060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 881-9353
Suzanne Turell
A11-099      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Rapidly Deployable Lightweight Shelters for Austere Environments
Abstract:There is a need for developing a new generation of lightweight, rapidly deployable semi- permanent infrastructure to support the Army’s transition to a Modular Force. Existing metal frame and airbeam designs, notwithstanding their many innovations, fail to take full advantage of the weight savings possible with a stressed skin approach to tent structure. In current designs, loads from wind and snow are carried principally by rigid frame elements, and the canopy acts as little more than a weather barrier. A stressed skin design will achieve the desired weight and performance improvements by distributing load stresses throughout the canopy and frame, so that all components mechanically work together, reducing the bulk and mass of each element. NEMO Equipment, Inc., with a ten year history of developing high performance and commercially successful pole and airbeam supported tents and shelters, will develop three new stressed skin shelter designs. For these 400 square feet and larger shelters, the action of pre-stressing the frame elements and tensioning the canopy, whether by inflatable elements or a distributed network of lightweight flexible poles connected to the shelter skin, will be engineered with mechanical assistance to be performed in a matter of minutes by only one or two people.

The Cricket System
10 Turnpike Rd
Southborough, MA 01772
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 480-9800
John Rossi
A11-099      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Rapidly Deployable Lightweight Shelters for Austere Environments
Abstract:Objective: To design a rapidly deployable shelter which meets specific austere-environment and harsh-weather performance criterion and which permits deployment within 20 minutes by a two-person crew (the modular components under the MIL-STD-1472F weight limits for two-man lift). Determine material science and test components and assemblies to attain R- 15 or greater in a lightweight panelized structure and specify material handling requirements for rapid deployment. The structure's modular components will allow for relocation of windows, doors, and equipment access with no diminution in performance criterion. All designs will be modeled to attain a minimum 100mph wind-loading capability. Provide prototype build-ready drawings with all material data sheets, engineering reports and modeling results to insure field performance.

Sky Research, Inc
445 Dead Indian Memorial Rd
Ashland, OR 97520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-5151
Gregory Schultz
A11-100      Awarded: 12/5/2011
Title:Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Instruments for Geotechnical and Geophysical Investigations
Abstract:We propose the development of a compact high-sensitivity Surface Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SNMR) instrument that is tailored for characterization of the uppermost 2 meters of the subsurface. Through the proposed research and development effort, we will demonstrate an approach that applies new compact Atomic Magnetic (AM) sensors integrated with an advanced high-power transmitter and control system. The SNMR high power transmitter design will be optimized for the top 2 meters of the subsurface with variable pulse moments enabling moisture content layering. The SNMR receiver will specifically utilize a tunable RF magnetometer in the Spin-Exchange Relaxation-Free (SERF) regime. The fundamental sensitivity of the magnetometer in the SERF mode using a 10x10x10 cm vapor cell is 0.001 fT/vHz. The proposed instrument will be light and portable, facilitating easy deployment and enabling personnel to achieve rapid high resolution moisture content information from the top 2 meters.

Vista Clara
12201 Cyrus Way Suite 104
Mukilteo, WA 98275
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 493-8122
David Walsh
A11-100      Awarded: 12/1/2011
Title:Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Instruments for Geotechnical and Geophysical Investigations
Abstract:Vista Clara proposes to design, develop and demonstrate non-invasive NMR sensor capable of profiling moisture content in the top 2m of the subsurface. As a Phase 1 option, Vista Clara proposes to design, assemble and demonstrate a minimally-invasive NMR sensor for profiling moisture content in the top 2m of the subsurface.

OPTRA, Inc
461 Boston Street
Topsfield, MA 01983
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 887-6600
Julia Dupuis
A11-101      Awarded: 3/20/2012
Title:Compressive Imaging FTIR Spectrometer for Chemical and Biological Early Warning
Abstract:OPTRA proposes the development of a compressive imaging Fourier transform infrared (CI-FTIR) spectrometer capable of resolving the 7 to 14 micron spectral range to 4 cm-1 with a projected noise equivalent spectral radiance of 8.8×10-8 W/(cm2•ster•cm-1) at an approximately 10 Hz measurement bandwidth. This sensitivity enables detection of a 25 m, 1 ppm Sarin plume with a 2 K temperature contrast relative to the background. Our solution replaces the conventional high cost mercury cadmium telluride (HgCdTe) focal plane array (FPA) with a digital micromirror device and single element HgCdTe detector; the result is an increase in both sensitivity and spectral range owing to the superior radiometric and spectral performance of a single element HgCdTe detector over the FPA at a significantly reduced cost. The CI approach also inherently lends itself to data compression and foveation. Unprecedented spectral acquisition rates are enabled by our high speed resonant FTIR spectrometer coupled with the CI engine. The overall result represents a novel approach to both hyperspectral and compressive imaging realized in a compact sensor package ideal for chemical and biological early warning. The Phase I will produce an analytical model and a conceptual design for a prototype CI-FTIR system.

Pacific Advanced Technology
2029 Village Lane, Suite 202 PO Box 140
Solvang, CA 93464
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 693-4012
Michele Hinnrichs
A11-101      Awarded: 12/16/2011
Title:Standoff hyperspectral-imaging sensor for chemical and biological early warning using lenslet arrays
Abstract:This proposal is for a new innovative technology using diffractive optics configured in an array and placed in close proximity to the focal plane array enabling a miniature hyper- spectral LWIR imaging system. Using the right spectral region for detection and analysis of the spectral properties of chemical and biological warfare agents can support efforts to rapidly identify these threats in the battle field. The proposed approach uses diffractive optical elements arrange in an array allowing the collection of multi-color images simultaneously each frame of the multi-spectral/hyper-spectral camera and the entire hyper-spectral data cubes is collected in less than a second. This sensor is applicable to be used by either a dismount, ground based vehicle or airborne platform. Phase I will focus on the conceptual design for a hyper-spectral imaging sensor using lenslets arrays.

Buffalo BioBlower Technologies LLC
4455 Genesee St.
Buffalo, NY 14225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 631-7553
John Lordi
A11-102      Awarded: 12/6/2011
Title:Wide Area Collective Protection
Abstract:This proposal presents an innovative, low cost approach to protecting a block-size area from a biological threat using a mobile wide area protection system that can be deployed within 12 to 48 hours. In Phase 1 the Company will determine the feasibility of developing a wide area protection system consisting of a sensor and wireless network to detect and communicate the presence of a biological threat and BioBlowers to neutralize the threat. A mobile BioBlower attached to the make-up air intake of a building’s HVAC system provides sterile air under positive pressure creating a safe room environment in the building. An option for providing an initial safe room environment followed by expanded protection for operation up to six months will be considered. The results of Phase 1 will provide the basis for the fabrication and testing of a wide area protection system in Phase 2. The proposed Phase 1 Option will advance the procurement of a centrifugal compressor for use in the Phase 2 prototype.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Ben Juricek
A11-102      Awarded: 10/27/2011
Title:Wide Area Collective Protection
Abstract:Current approaches for protecting military facilities and personnel from biological threats principally involve installations of particulate filtration for fixed facilities or individual protection equipment (IPE). This project intends to develop a system that is rapidly deployable, but provides a protective environment similar to a fixed facility, but on the larger scale of one or more city blocks. Challenges associated with creating such a system include quickly and cost effectively achieving pressurization in a large facility, where typical building retrofits are not possible, and deploying the system in such as way to have minimal impact on operations. Toyon Research and HDT Global propose to develop a system composed of a mobile Collective Protective system, which employs the latest in neutralization technologies to clean very large airflows, and a biological monitoring network composed of emerging trigger-identifier sensors. The system utilizes a Command and Control / Decision Support System to integrate these components for an operator. The Concept of Operations (ConOps) involves initially activating the mobile ColPro unit upon a biological detection. In Phase I, we will conduct a rigorous system study to define the system architecture and collect test data to demonstrate feasibility of the envisioned ConOps.

Utility Development Corporation
112 Naylon Avenue
Livingston, NJ 07039
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 994-4334
Radha Agarwal
A11-102      Awarded: 11/11/2011
Title:Wide Area Collective Protection
Abstract:The objective will be to develop innovative technologies for rapid sensing and filtration/neutralization of threat agents for wide area chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) collective protection (COLPRO). The proposed shelter fabric will be a single layer shelter fabric that meets all properties and will provide a rapid-reaction wide-area COLPRO capability throughout city-block sized fixed infrastructure. In addition to preventing the chemical agents from rapidly penetrating through the fabric, UDC will evaluate the addition of reactive nanoparticles that will neutralize or destroy chemical warfare agents that permeate into the polymer. Fluorescent sensors will be embedded in the shelter fabric to rapidly detect and warn of the presence of biological threat agents, while simultaneously neutralizing them to achieve an effective COLPRO capability to sufficiently provide safe areas that prevent infiltration and the spread of contamination. These shelters will be strong enough to for a minimum of 6 months continuous use and also be capable of multiple usage. A final report on work performed with all resultant data and conclusion will be submitted at the end of the Phase I program.

Codex BioSolutions, Inc
19632 Club House Road Suite 510
Montgomery Village, MD 20886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 789-8188
Wenshan Hao
A11-103      Awarded: 11/28/2011
Title:Topical Application of Hsp90 alpha Bio-modulator to Promote Healing of Soft Tissue Injuries
Abstract:Open wounds are the leading type of battlefield wounded-in-action casualties in military operations and improvement on current treatment is needed to reduce morbidity and accelerate recovery. Such an improvement will also significantly benefit civilians who spend over $25 billion annually to treat acute and chronic wounds. The objective of this proposal is to determine the efficacy of topical application of human recombinant heat shock protein Hsp90alpha and derived peptides in promoting the wound healing process. Li and his colleagues have previously demonstrated that Hsp90alpha is secreted by human kerotinocytes to the extracellular space in response to hypoxia and TGFalpha growth factor stimulation, and promotes cutaneous cell migration, and accelerates healing of mouse skin wounds. In this proposal we will develop and purify recombinant forms of HSP90 and select the leading candidate with the best pharmacological features for further development.

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Anya Asanbaeva
A11-103      Awarded: 11/4/2011
Title:Topical Soft Tissue Treatment Technology
Abstract:Development of readily forward-deployable therapeutic measures to enhance wound healing could promote earlier restoration to health and return to duty. To address the Army need for a topical wound treatment with recombinant heat shock proteins (rHSPs) that can be applied to wounds to promote wound healing, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new topical soft tissue treatment (TOSTT) technology. The applied TOSTT releases rHSPs into the extracellular compartment of the wound where they come into direct contact with cellular components essential to the repair process. Repeat applications of TOSTT to the wound area sustain the elevated extracellular pools of HSPs and thereby exert a sustained effect. The innovation in the method of wound healing using rHSP application to the wound and the new topical formulation to effectively deliver the active ingredient will enable the TOSTT to directly and effectively enhance the wound healing process. As a result, this topical treatment is of high therapeutic efficacy and can be readily transitioned to clinical markets. In Phase I, POC will develop the formulation and demonstrate its efficacy in a pilot animal study. In Phase II, further therapeutic efficacy characterization of TOSTT will be performed with detailed animal studies.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Mehran Pazirandeh
A11-104      Awarded: 11/4/2011
Title:Antimicrobial Drug Targeted to Essential Bacterial Genes in Wound Infection Pathogens
Abstract:Wounds infected with drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria can increase morbidity, hospital length of stay and cost. Among these Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa have become important causes of concern in military personnel wounded in battlefield. New classes of antimicrobial agents are needed to combat this threat. Emerging work has focused on a new type of strategy through gene silencing by antisense mechanisms to block intracellular synthesis of housekeeping proteins via inhibition of mRNA. Among the various antisense molecules Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNAs) have several advantages and are ideally suited for development as antibacterial agents. PNAs are resistant to nucleases, proteases, and degradative enzymes, have a high binding affinity and a long half-life compared inside the cells compared to antibiotics. Therefore, in this Phase I Agave BioSystems proposes to develop antisense PNA molecules to block synthesis of housekeeping proteins in K. pneumoniae

CytoSorbents Inc.
7 Deer Park Drive Suite K
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 329-8885
Phillip Chan
A11-105      Awarded: 12/8/2011
Title:Investigation of CytoSorb cytokine and myoglobin removal in the treatment of trauma
Abstract:Polytrauma is the leading cause of military casualties and is a potent trigger of the immune response. Tissue damage, infection, burns, hemorrhage, ischemia and reperfusion, and cell necrosis triggers the immune system to produce excessive levels of cytokines, often called “cytokine storm”, that can directly kill cells, damage organs, and cause severe inflammation that ultimately leads to multiple organ failure and death in many patients. In severe trauma, crush injury can further cause the breakdown of skeletal muscle, called rhabdomyolysis, and the vast release of myoglobin that can then injure the kidneys and cause renal failure, an independent risk factor for death. Finally, cytokine storm can also disable the immune system, putting patients at high risk of secondary infections. Because of this, multiple organ failure and infection are two of the main causes of late death in trauma patients, yet remains a problem. In this submission, we propose the development of a portable, self-contained, hemoperfusion system that uses our CytoSorb™ cytokine and myoglobin filter, to prevent or mitigate organ injury in a porcine model of trauma. If successful, this novel therapy could help improve survival of our warfighters and civilians alike, while reducing healthcare costs.

Sentien Biotechnologies, Inc.
196 Boston Ave Suite 2200
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 361-9031
Arno Tilles
A11-105      Awarded: 11/22/2011
Title:Blood Purification for Organ Failure
Abstract:Sentien Biotechnologies is developing cellular devices for the treatment of acute organ failure, including polytrauma-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Our flagship product, the Sentinel, is a dialyzer with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded in the extracapillary space, designed to connect to the bloodstream of patients and provide anti- inflammatory, cytoprotective and regenerative support via secreted factors from the MSCs. We propose here, in this Phase I and Phase I Option plan, to begin testing of the Sentinel in a polytrauma model in swine. For the Phase I period, we propose to work in conjunction with several key consultants to compose an IACUC-approved protocol for administration of our therapy to swine subjected to polytrauma and shock. This protocol will be based on a previously developed model of polytrauma that was devised by our collaborators, and it is with their help that we also plan to analyze the cytokine and myoglobin profile of banked samples from their previous work during the Phase I Option period. By accomplishing these two important tasks, we anticipate being well poised to evaluate the applicability of the porcine model, and assess our device treatment for polytrauma in swine during follow-on Phases of SBIR support.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Julien Fey
A11-106      Awarded: 11/22/2011
Title:Yeast-Based High-Throughput Screens for Inhibitors of Key Flaviviral Enzymes
Abstract:With no clinically approved antiviral therapy available for treatment of flavivirus infections, the development of efficient vaccines and antiviral agents for prevention and treatment of infections is an urgent health priority. A combination of structure-based in silico models, in vitro and cell-based assays has led in the last decade to the identification of promising new compounds with antiviral properties, for the most part targeting one of the key enzymatic functions essential to the life cycle of these viruses. In this context development of highly- performing assays with increased screening capacity is seen as a valuable tool needed to extend screening campaigns. Agave BioSystems proposes to develop yeast-based assays for the high-throughput screening of chemical inhibitors of the flaviviral NS2B/NS3 protease activity and both the RNA methyltransferase activity and RNA polymerase activity of NS5. Key advantages of yeast-based assays are the direct screening in a cellular environment, strong statistical performance in microplate formats with no reagent aging, and most importantly extremely simple and cost-effective scalability for high-throughput campaigns.

BIOO Scientific
3913 Todd Lane Suite 312
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 707-8993
Joseph Krebs
A11-106      Awarded: 11/14/2011
Title:Small Molecule Antiviral Agents Against Flaviviruses
Abstract:Flaviviruses are a major health threat worldwide. This family of RNA viruses causes a variety of deadly diseases such as Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, West Nile virus, and Tick-borne Encephalitis. There are currently no effective means to control these viruses. New drugs to counteract these viruses are desperately needed. Flaviviruses block the body's immune response by inhibiting nuclease enzymes which degrade viral RNA. Our goal is to identify small molecules to disrupt these flavivirus nuclease inhibitors to increase the cell's antiviral response. We will develop a high-throughput fluorescence polarization assay to identify novel small molecule disruptors of the viral inhibitor from compound libraries. We will also identify novel RNA-disrupting compounds using computer modeling techniques. The novel drugs identified will be synthesized and tested using flavivirus-infected cells in tissue culture to confirm biological activity.

L2 Diagnostics, LLC
300 George Street Suite 309
New Haven, CT 06511
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 503-0383
Michel Ledizet
A11-106      Awarded: 11/14/2011
Title:Small Molecule Antiviral Agents Against Flaviviruses
Abstract:Flaviviruses enter mammalian cells by a mechanism involving a structural rearrangement of the stem region of their envelope protein. The stem region establishes specific molecular contacts with amino acid residues of domain II of the rest of the envelope protein. Our hypothesis is that tetrapeptides that bind to the stem region of flaviviruses will block viral entry and could be used as human therapeutic agents. We will model the configuration of the stem region of West Nile virus (WNV) making contact with domain II, using a process that we used successfully with dengue virus (DV) serotype 1. We will then use advanced proprietary computational methods to design tetrapeptides predicted to bind the stem region in that configuration. The peptides predicted to bind the stem region with the highest affinity will be synthesized and tested in WNV and DV1-4 neutralizing assays. Because the stem region is conserved among flaviviruses, we expect that these peptides will be active against several flaviviruses of medical importance. Our preliminary results support the validity of our approach. We designed tetrapeptides predicted to bind the stem region of DV 1. We found that a portion of these peptides neutralized DV1, and also DV2 and WNV.

Biomatrica, Inc.
5627 Oberlin Drive Suite 120
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 550-0308
Rolf Muller
A11-107      Awarded: 11/14/2011
Title:Archive of Samples for Long-term Preservation of RNA and Other Nucleic Acids
Abstract:The objective is to develop approaches are sought for sample preservation of nucleic acids from blood products or other sample for storage at room temperature conditions. The goals of the project are to: 1) determine preferable tissue for nucleic acid archiving; 2) investigate sample collection protocol, processing, of the selected tissue; and 3) initially define key potential aspects of storage conditions for preservation of nucleic acids. In addition, we will develop a completely integrated ambient temperature workflow from collection, transport to storage to avoid any cold-chain handling. This complete ambient workflow can be achieved through the integration of advanced thermo-stability products currently in Biomatrica's product development pipeline. The overall objective is the development of workflow which protects nucleic acids, in particular RNA from degradation during collection to sample archiving and determine its feasibility for large scale implementation.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Cheryl Tan
A11-107      Awarded: 11/4/2011
Title:Archive of Samples for Long-term Preservation of RNA and Other Nucleic Acids
Abstract:The Army seeks a novel and practical approach for the collection and long-term preservation of RNA and other nucleic acids (e.g., microRNA, DNA) from blood products at near room temperature conditions. To address this unmet need, ChromoLogic, LLC, (CL) proposes to develop an Integrated Membrane for Preservation of RNA Transcripts (IMPRiNT) that utilizes relatively small sample sizes coupled to membrane-adsorbent technology that fractionates and preserves RNA and other nucleic acids (e.g., microRNA) for long-term storage at ambient conditions. The IMPRiNT method meets the challenging task of RNA preservation by integrating all steps associated with the RNA extraction, purification and preservation through a single step that combines well-established CL technologies in a unique format that requires no external power or complex laboratory sample preparation processes. The IMPRiNT technology, because of its single-step approach, facilitates high- throughput sample processing of blood products and/or other samples (e.g., skin) at ambient conditions with enhanced sample extraction. In Phase I, CL will develop and demonstrate a prototype system capable of extracting RNA from ~30ul of blood (animal). These results will be used to develop an advanced prototype that will be validated clinically during Phase II of the program.

GenProMarkers, Inc.
9700 Great Seneca Highway Suite 182
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 326-6523
Yan Su
A11-107      Awarded: 11/23/2011
Title:Archive of Samples for Long-term Preservation of RNA and Other Nucleic Acids
Abstract:Our pilot study demonstrates that a novel proprietary biological dry powder/pellet (BDP) is useful for long-term preservation of nucleic acids in blood and bone marrow at room temperature (15 – 22 degree C). The concept of the BDP approach includes to dissolve the interested biological samples into nucleic acid protecting reagents and then to lyophilize mixture into BDP for preservation of nucleic acids at room temperature or 4 degree C for many years. To make BDP useful, we have also developed specific methods for efficient purification of high quality and quantity of RNA from BDP derived from small amount samples, for example, as low as 500 microliters of peripheral blood or 200 microliters of bone marrow. To our knowledge, BDP represents a paradigm shift in archiving biological samples for preservation of RNA and DNA at room temperature for years potentially as long as a human life span. We now apply for the DoD SBIR Phase I support to optimize the BDP methods, specifically, i) to determine preferable tissue for nucleic acid archiving, ii) to investigate sample collection protocol, processing, of the selected tissue, and iii) to initially define key potential aspects of storage conditions for preservation of nucleic acids.

KeraNetics, LLC
391 Technology Way Suite 168
Winston-Salem, NC 27101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(980) 989-0448
Seth Tomblyn
A11-108      Awarded: 12/1/2011
Title:Flowable keratin biomaterials for improving infection control and wound healing.
Abstract:The improvement of body armor, equipment, and decreases in patient transport times have dramatically improved survival of combat injuries. However, data suggests that future conflicts will require more aggressive wound management at the point of injury to deal with more complex wounds particularly with respect to infection control. There is a significant need to develop better platform technologies for these injuries and translate them into clinical and commercial use. A family of biomaterials derived from keratin proteins may provide a platform on which regenerative strategies can be built. Keratins have intrinsic cell-binding properties that can be exploited to offer potential new solutions to wound healing and have been shown to be a viable platform for the controlled delivery of various drugs. This Phase I proposal seeks to leverage the advantages of the keratin biomaterial system for the initial testing of the release profile of various classes of antimicrobial agents. These flowable keratin biomaterial scaffolds will then be used in standard wound healing assays to determine their effect on healing. Results will be used to develop optimal formulation of keratin protein and antimicrobial agent to move into in vivo safety and efficacy studies in Phase II of the award.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Sanjiv Lalwani
A11-108      Awarded: 12/2/2011
Title:Quadruple-Action Hydrogel Microbeads for Primary Management of Burn Wounds
Abstract:Exogenous topical NO has been demonstrated as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent (Ghaffari, 2006), and is capable of providing numerous wound healing benefits if delivered at the proper concentrations (Shekhter, 2005). Practical deployment of NO however is missing due to the lack of products that stably sequester and controllably deliver NO at therapeutically relevant levels, especially upon application of an external trigger. This proposal seeks to develop a stable molecular NO storage and delivery modality using micropowder hydrogel bead technology to transition to the battlefield and/or supporting treatment centers. Specifically, the synthesis of a polymeric NO solid-state material using an inexpensive and biocompatible polymer is proposed. This solid-state NO depot will have a water-triggered NO release ability. The envisioned end-product has quadruple activity: it delivers a large bolus of NO for instant wound disinfection; it forms a semi-permeable barrier that prevents new colonizing pathogens access to the wound; it exhibits partial hemostatic activity, and; it promotes wound healing due to sustained release of low levels of NO while allowing oxygen to enter the wound bed and moisture vapor to exit. Use of this material will be convenient and will allow point-of-injury care, simply requiring a mere rip-and-apply or rip-mix-with-water- and-apply administration protocol.

Rochal Industries LLP
12719 Cranes Mill
San Antonio, TX 78230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 703-4007
Joseph Salamone
A11-108      Awarded: 12/8/2011
Title:Development of Flowable Biomaterials that Promote Wound Healing with Infection Control and Prevention
Abstract:Wounds sustained under battlefield conditions are considered to be contaminated with microorganisms; hence, initial treatment protocol includes decreasing this contamination to reduce the possibility of infection. The early and aggressive administration of antimicrobial treatment, starting with intervention on the battlefield, has resulted in improved patient outcomes and is considered the standard of care. Although previous studies have developed effective antimicrobial agents, none has the combination of shelf stability under battlefield conditions, carrying ease, facile self-administration, immediate functionality upon application, blood loss reduction, broad spectrum antimicrobial infection control and promotion of healing. This proposal is to design and engineer a novel method of battlefield-administered wound treatment to minimize post-injury complications and infection based upon a biodegradable, water-based, flowable, antimicrobial hydrogel system that is being developed to simultaneously encourage vascular tissue ingrowth and wound healing, while providing infection control in a product format useful under battlefield conditions. In vitro physical, analytical and microbial testing will be conducted to provide feasibility of the engineered construct.

DIApedia, LLC
270 Walker Drive Suite 207E
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-0700
Timothy Hurley
A11-109      Awarded: 12/8/2011
Title:Advanced Military Footwear System with Composite Orthotic
Abstract:Although footwear science has made considerable progress in the last decade, a performance gap continues to exist between standard issue military footwear and expedition footwear available on the commercial market. While the provision of in-shoe foot orthoses (ISFOs) is commonplace in commercial athletic and outdoor footwear, the provision of similar devices that can be accommodated in an army boot has not received significant attention. The high rates of lower extremity injuries in the military point to the urgent need to close the footwear performance gap by providing military personnel with footwear and in-boot orthoses that incorporate up-to-date biomechanical knowledge and state-of-the-art materials. In this proposal, DIApedia, LLC, a Pennsylvania small business with a track record of innovation and commercialization in the therapeutic footwear domain and experience with military contracts, will lead a multidisciplinary team of experts in composite materials, footwear biomechanics, military medicine, and manufacture of military footwear in the design of an advanced modular ISFO and a new high-performance boot container.

Kingetics LLC
51 Kalola Place
Kihei, HI 96753
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(605) 484-8532
Nyle Hedin
A11-109      Awarded: 11/29/2011
Title:Advanced Composite Insoles for the Reduction of Stress Fractures
Abstract:Musculoskeletal injuries of the lower legs, as a result of strenuous and prolonged walking and running activities, are a primary problem for Army soldiers and other military populations. This proposal is focused on demonstrating the feasibility of a patent-pending orthotic device pioneered by Kingetics LLC to reduce injury and enhance ambulatory performance. Utilizing high modulus advanced composites, the orthotic design is based on innovative implementation of the well-known lever-fulcrum spring mechanism. The device efficiently reduces loading rates while increasing energy storage and energy return, thereby decreasing the risk of stress fracture injuries, and is also lightweight and puncture resistant. Whereas a preliminary pre-prototype device has undergone some promising early testing, Phase I efforts will generate a range of systematically varied concept designs, from which two of the most promising will be selected for prototyping under well controlled fabrication conditions. Numerous replicates of the selected prototypes will be manufactured for evaluation of puncture resistance and other mechanical properties. In addition, the Phase I efforts will make predictive assessments of the orthotic’s effects on human biomechanics, based on input from prototype mechanical data, and will provide quantitative concepts and models for incorporation of the orthotic into a synergistic military boot housing.

Hitron Technologies
7630 First Place
Bedford, OH 44146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 233-3231
Jiafu Luo
A11-110      Awarded: 11/14/2011
Title:Ultraviolet Communication for Medical Applications
Abstract:Hitron Technologies, Inc. (HTI), collaborating with University of California at Riverside (UCR), proposes to develop a solar blind Ultraviolet Communication (ULCO) System for battlefield casualty management. The ULCO allow secure, encrypted, high data rate, and two-way communication between a medic and medical devices with casualties through a unique transceiver design, and achieves excellent signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and quantum noise limited photon-counting detection by using low cost, small size, low power, high reliability deep UV light emitting diodes (LEDs), and high sensitive, high gain photomultiplier tubes (PMT). In additional, innovative connection with external GPS device or embedded GPS module enables a smart adjustable ULCO system for communication at large distance. The design of ULCO ensures the safety of the system obey the limits imposed by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Integrated with existing military wireless medical devices, the ULCO system provides the medic better flexibility to safely and remotely monitor multiple casualties. In phase I, a breadboard ULCO prototype will be developed to demonstrate a two-user two-way data communication. In Phase-II a multi-user data communication ULCO system will be developed with smart self-adjustment function enabled by GPS.

Imaging Systems Technology
4750 W. Bancroft
Toledo, OH 43615
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 536-5741
Lee Cross
A11-110      Awarded: 11/29/2011
Title:Ultraviolet Communication for Medical Applications
Abstract:Under this SBIR Imaging Systems Technology will demonstrate an ultraviolet (UV) non-line- of-sight (NLOS) bidirectional communication breadboard using an array of high output power UV-C Plasma-shell emitters. Ultra rugged, low cost short wavelength UV Plasma- shell emitters enable wireless military casualty monitoring systems with no RF interference and low detectability. Data rates of 57.6 kbps will be demonstrated at 50 meters with reasonable bit error rate. A model will be developed for indoor and outdoor scattering communication channels. The breadboard system will use COTS photomultplier tube (PMT) receivers with wide-angle optics that can be upgraded to semiconductor avalanche photodiodes (APD) as they become available. A comprehensive literature survey of past DoD-sponsored work will be a helpful resource for future UV NLOS development.

Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc.
1195 Atlas Road
Columbia, SC 29209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(803) 647-9757
Yuriy Bilenko
A11-110      Awarded: 12/20/2011
Title:Ultraviolet Communication for Medical Applications
Abstract:Deep ultraviolet LEDs will be developed and tested for customized application. Medical Communication system will be studied and prototyped with use of Solid State Components. Optical, thermal, electrical and data transfer characteristics will be investigated theoretically and experimentally

Wavefront
7 Johnston Circle
BASKING RIDGE, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 558-4806
Jie Yao
A11-110      Awarded: 11/28/2011
Title:Photon Counting Solar-Blind Ultraviolet (UV) Communication System for Safe, Secure, Non-Line-Of-Sight Free-Space Data Links
Abstract:Battlefield medicine has been a critical component of any successful military campaign since ancient times. A safe, secure, wireless, high data rate communication link is highly desirable for tactical battlefield casualty management. One promising solution is the free- space optical non-line-of-sight communication link, preferably in the “solar-blind” ultraviolet region where strong atmospheric absorption of sunlight creates a low background radiation regime at the Earth’s surface. Proposed is the Photon-Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) solar-blind photon detector, the most sensitive UV photodetector to provide unique photon-counting capability. Minimizing the UV optical power requirement of the proposed UV free-space data link leads directly to optimal radiation safety, highest communication security, and lowest system optical power consumption. During Phase I, we will design, fabricate and characterize a solar-blind PCIC photon-counting detector and demonstrate a solar-blind UV free-space data link. During Phase II, we plan to complete a robust high-speed free-space solar-blind non-line-of-sight UV digital communication system supporting multiple simultaneous data links. The prototype PCIC communication system will be fully tested and delivered for evaluation and demonstration at DoD laboratories. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the PCIC solar-blind detector and data link as well as for our commercial medical device products.

APEX Labs, LLC
2350 Corporate Park Dr. Suite 510
Herndon, VA 20171
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 285-1111
Brian Ballard
A11-111      Awarded: 12/9/2011
Title:Battlefield Medical Situational Awareness Goggles (MedSight)
Abstract:MedSight is a augmented reality application designed to run in free-form optical waveguide lenses worn by combat medics for patient care at the point of injury enabling unparallel mobile synchronization with the military’s electronic medical record and combat casualty care systems. MedSight provides a low risk, high impact solution to SBIR solicitation A11- 111 based on cutting edge technology with long term commercial and military applications. APX Labs will design an advanced “breadboard” software system capable of running on the existing TS4 glasses. The system will be able to provide voice, video, and text chat application for telemedicine/telepresence demonstration, biometric identification of patients with hands-free linking to view electronic medical records, and hands-free operation through voice and optical input recognition. Even at breadboard level, MedSight will be able to demonstrate integration and full compatibility with existing tactical communications networks.

Think-A-Move
23715 Mercantile Rd. Suite 100
Beachwood, OH 44122
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 765-8875
Chris Blanco
A11-111      Awarded: 12/1/2011
Title:Battlefield Medical Situational Awareness Goggles (Human Computer Interface)
Abstract:This proposal presents Think-A-Move, Ltd’s (TAM’s) approach to heads-up, hands- free interaction with electronic medical records (EMR), while maintaining the situational awareness (SA) needed to provide the level of care needed on today’s battlefield. This solution will combine the state-of-the-art in mobile computing technology, Heads-Up Displays (HUD), Electronic Information Carriers (EIC), and automatic speech transcription software, all controlled hands free through the use of speech commands. The user will wear a set of augmented reality ballistic goggles, which contain a HUD, a small but powerful mobile computing device, and TAM’s SPEAR™ earpiece. The operator will issue voice commands to control software through the use of speech recognition, call up and enter patient records, and navigate through medical databases.

KWJ Engineering
8440 Central Avenue Suite 2D
Newark, CA 94560
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 405-5911
Joseph Stetter
A11-112      Awarded: 11/21/2011
Title:Water decontamination using ozone microplasma technology
Abstract:This proposal addresses the requirements of the Army outlined in the solicitation for a high flow-rate, energy efficient and portable water treatment technology to achieve optimum water reuse for field operations by reducing contaminant levels in the wash, rinse and discharge streams of the mobile sanitation center. An effective approach is the use of ozone, a powerful oxidizing gas capable of broadly neutralizing harmful species in gaseous and aqueous forms. In particular, microplasma-based ozone generation technology can be adapted for portable water-purification and the removal of toxic contaminants. Microplasmas are attractive due to the high reactivity of the excited species. The primary components of the proposed system are a microplasma ozone generator and a multichannel gas-liquid micro- reactor for ozonolysis. The microplasma ozone generator has the potential to reach 30% conversion of air to ozone and the micro-reactor offers high mass transfer and reactivity for decontamination of wastewater with low power consumption in a compact and easily scalable modular design. This system will have the potential to provide the highly efficient and adaptable decontamination technology required by the Army.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Ted Amundsen
A11-112      Awarded: 11/17/2011
Title:Development of a Greywater Recycling System for Army Field Kitchens
Abstract:Field Sanitation Centers typically convert 240 gallons of potable water per day into greywater. This greywater must then be transported off-site or properly disposed of on-site. To alleviate this problem, a continuous process to treat the greywater produced is needed. The treated water must meet secondary treatment standards, and the processing system must be rugged, easy to use, consume less than 1 kW of power, occupy approximately 1 yd3, and use minimal consumables. Mainstream Engineering proposes a solution that integrates multiple well-defined technologies, suitable for small-scale applications, into a system that meets the objectives set by the Army. In Phase I, Mainstream will design and fabricate a greywater recycling system capable of producing water suitable for reuse in field kitchen sinks. The continuous system will be optimized and a full-scale prototype will be designed. In the Phase I Option, Mainstream will fabricate an initial full-scale prototype with preliminary electronics and automation, and also perform life testing on the bench-scale unit. During Phase II, Mainstream will perform rigorous field testing, and expects to deliver a field-ready unit at the conclusion of Phase II.

Silvus Communication Systems, Inc
10990 Wilshire Blvd Suite 440
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 479-3333
Phillip Duncan
A11-113      Awarded: 1/12/2012
Title:A Novel CSAC Based Handheld Radio with Exceptional Range, LPD, and Cost Metrics
Abstract:Silvus and SWRI will develop a new wireless waveform and MAC protocols which will uniquely take advantage of the enhanced time synchronization afforded by Chip Scale Atomic Clocks (CSAC) to provide low power operation and low probability of detect, despite meeting exceedingly difficult link closure requirements over a distance of 10km. Silvus is leveraging years of experience in developing physical layer waveforms, including industry leading MIMO technology, and realizing the technology in commercially available products. This experience in designing real wireless communication solutions will provide an important advantage to Phase I work so that proposed solutions are assured to be realizable in the targeted size, weight, power and cost constraints. SWRI contributes extensive experience in networking as well signal exploitation. The latter expertise will be crucial in verifying that the LPD concepts developed and simulated within this program will be effective against state of the interception techniques. SWRI is also one of the few organization which has already begun testing of the Symmetricom CSAC. Fully bench characterized performance metrics of the CSAC can thus be used early in the Phase I development and simulation process.

Augmented Vision Inc
3444 N Country Club Rd Suite 206
Tucson, AZ 85716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 979-2135
Chunyu Gao
A11-114      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Occlusion Capable Optical See-Through Head Mounted Display Using Freeform Optics
Abstract:The optical see-through Head Mounted Display (OST-HMD) is one of the enabling technologies for merging virtual views with a physical scene and provides a direct view of the real world through an optical combiner. It is highly preferred in demanding applications where a user’s awareness to the live environment is paramount. However, one of the critical issues with OST-HMD lies in that the virtual views appear “ghost-like” and are floating in the real world due to the lack of the occlusion capability. Most of the existing occlusion-capable OST-HMDs based on traditional rotationally symmetric optics inevitably have a helmet-like, bulky form factor. The cumbersome, helmet-like form factor prevents the acceptance of the technology for many demanding and emerging applications. To address these challenges, Augmented Vision Inc. (Tucson), in collaboration with the University of Arizona and Rockwell Collins, proposes to develop a lightweight, goggle-like OST-HMD with mutual occlusion capability by exploring a highly innovative optical approach based on emerging freeform optical design and fabrication technology. Our innovative optical approach enables us to achieve an occlusion-capable OST-HMD system with a very compelling form factor and high optical performances which are far beyond any of the solutions currently available in laboratory.

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
A11-114      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Planar Aperture-Tiled 3D Occlusion-Capable Optical See-Through HMD
Abstract:To address the Army need for a three-dimensional (3D) optical see-through head-mounted display (HMD) with improved opaqueness and contrast resolution for realistic augmented- reality training applications, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new innovative Planar Aperture-Tiled Three-Dimensional Occlusion-Capable Optical See- Through Head-Mounted Display (PLATO-HMD), based on holographic guided-wave optics and multi-camera 3D imaging sensor. The innovation in PLATO-HMD includes thin low- profile planar holographic optics, liquid crystal mask array, and multi-camera real-time 3D imaging sensor. The extremely compact and lightweight PLATO-HMD can be used for mixed/augmented-reality applications in a live environment with increased HMD capabilities in contrast resolution, field-of-view and opaqueness for both indoor and outdoor training environments. In Phase I, POC will develop a baseline design of PLATO-HMD and demonstrate its feasibility by analyses and experiments using a laboratory breadboard setup. The Phase I technical feasibility study will include a technology roadmap, a refined system design concept, and identification and analyses of technology/component trade-offs, limitations, and cost. In Phase II, POC plans to develop an initial prototype which will be tested in a lab environment, implement upgrades and modifications leading to an optimized prototype suitable for a relevant and realistic training environment.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
A11-114      Awarded: 10/28/2011
Title:Increased 3D Virtual Image Opaqueness and Contrast Resolution in Optical See-Through Head Mounted Displays
Abstract:Mixed-Augmented Reality (M-AR) provides the Warfighter with a unique and realistic training experience that blends virtual objects into the live training environment. The see- through head mounted display (HMD) is the critical interface into this type of training environment. Current HMDs, however, have principal limitations. Virtual 3D objects projected within see-through HMDs tend to appear translucent and ghostly. Also, the HMDs are lacking of opaqueness and resolution under varying levels of luminance both indoors and outdoors. We propose a novel approach that overcomes the above shortcomings. Our HMD is based on retinal scanning display (RSD) technology that uses a curved primary mirror in front of the eye in conjunction with novel method of creating local opaqueness. With the format of eye safety goggles, it is ergonomic, compact, and lightweight and provides minimal reduction of the see-through FOV. In Phase I, we will evaluate the feasibility of the proposed concept and develop a technology roadmap and system design addressing methods for increasing the level of opaqueness and contrast resolution. We will investigate trade-offs, limitations and cost factors associated with using the new HMD design to increase fidelity. We will demonstrate a working breadboard and develop initial designs of a Phase II prototype.

SA Photonics, LLC
130 Knowles Drive Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 348-4426
Michael Browne
A11-115      Awarded: 11/29/2011
Title:Heads-Up Display for Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Robot operators need a way of controlling and interfacing with a robotic vehicle that does not require them to stop what they are doing, set up a laptop or other control station and teleoperate the vehicle directly. Our initial trade study suggests that a head and eye-tracked HMD may be the best method of controlling a robot on the move as long as the HMD does not significantly obscure the operator’s direct field-of-view (FOV). SA Photonics personnel have been designing HMDs for most of their careers, have written numerous publications on HMD design and give classes around the world on HMD design. Our primary approach is a see-through HMD with electrically-variable transmission for direct viewing of video, text and graphics over a wide range of ambient illumination. We also plan to investigate a direct-view (non see-through) HMD that can be placed out of the operator’s direct line of sight, an approach which has proved beneficial in our previous UGV work. Both display approaches incorporate a head- and eye-tracking system to enable a hands-free user interface and a wireless communications system to communicate between the robot and the soldier.

Torrey Pines Logic, Inc.
12651 High Bluff Dr.
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 254-4668
Nick Vitalbo
A11-115      Awarded: 12/16/2011
Title:Heads-Up Display for Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:As data, intelligence, and information become a larger part of the battlefield, soldiers are relying more on helmet mounted displays (HMD) in order to provide a method to not only keep critical data readily available but to remotely view sensors from unmanned ground vehicles (UGV). Research has shown that current HMD systems and controllers are difficult to use and that most soldiers choose not to wear a HMD when it is not critical – opting to only clip on the HMD when needed. This is due to the obscuration of the soldier’s view of the battlefield from the HMD. In addition, the handheld controllers tend to be unwieldy and cause the soldier to tend to look down in order to control the UGV, thus losing situational awareness and requiring the solider to take his hands off of his weapon. For Heads-Up Display for Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles, TPL proposes a novel approach to combining the HMD with an eye tracking camera and 6 degree-of-freedom (DOF) sensor suite to allow for control of a UGV that eliminates the obscuration caused by today’s HMD systems and allows for the soldier to keep his hands on the weapon. TPL envisions the Common Heads-Up Display and UGV Controller (CHUD-UGV Controller) embedded within a single pair of eyeglasses. This design permits greater than 90% of the incoming light to be directly viewed by the soldier by placing a beam combiner module directly into one of the front eyeglass lenses in the bottom half of the field of view.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
A11-115      Awarded: 11/21/2011
Title:Heads-Up Display for Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:The US military uses unattended ground sensors (UGS) to provide situational awareness for remote battlefield applications. Teleoperation is the most reliable method of operating a UGV. The principal limitations of the current technology are: a) the operator is losing situational awareness while immersed in a heads-down display, and b) current technology requires operator to give up their weapon in exchange for a control device. Trex proposes a novel Heads-Up Display (HUD) for control of UGVs based on advanced retinal scanning display (RSD) technology and an unconventional and robust eye tracker. In the proposed concept, a curved primary mirror in front of the eye, in a form of safety goggles, is used to display high resolution (1.3 Megapixel) video from the camera on UGV. Inputs from the eye tracker are used to control the HUD display and the UGV. In the Phase I program, we will develop an initial system design, investigate and test system components, perform analyses of human factors and develop recommended command sets, demonstrate a novel unconventional eye tracker, demonstrate new approaches for controlling the display and the UGS, and develop an initial design of the Phase II prototype.

Aegis Technology
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Santa Ana, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
A11-116      Awarded: 12/16/2011
Title:High energy/capacity cathode materials
Abstract:There is great interest in development of Li-ion rechargeable batteries with high energy/capacity, high rate capability, long cycle life and low cost. More advanced cathode is one of the essential key technologies to realize these properties. However, state-of-the-art cathodes cannot meet the demanding requirements on energy density, safety and cost, because of their intrinsic material properties. In this SBIR project, Aegis Technology Inc. proposes to develop a novel class of cathode material referred to as crystal-habit tuned nanoplates of layered-spinel lithium-manganese-nickel-oxide (HTN-LS-LMNO), which can superior performance including high capacity (~250 mAh/g), high specific energy (~950 Wh/kg), high rate capability (~6C), long cycle life (~1500 cycles) and low cost (much lower than LiCoO4 and equivalent to LiFePO4). A simple scalable synthesis procedure based on hydrothermal method will also be developed to replace the generally used co-precipitation method that is not a cost-effective scalable process for mass production. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the technical feasibility of the proposed cathode material, covering material design, processing, prototype fabrication and characterization. 18650-sized Li-ion cell prototypes using proposed technology will be demonstrated and characterized as well.

deciBel Research, Inc.
325 Bob Heath Drive Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-6161
Bassem Mahafza
A11-118      Awarded: 11/29/2011
Title:Passive Radar Payload on a Nano/Micro-Satellite for Air and Missile Defense
Abstract:The threat to the forces and assets of our armed forces, and our allies, posed by cruise missiles is growing at an alarming rate. As of 2002, there were already 80 countries, including The Peoples Republic of China, Iran, and North Korea, with cruise missiles in their arsenals. Eighteen of these countries produce cruise missiles domestically. As these threats continue to proliferate and as the capabilities increase the timeline to detect hostile cruise missiles and initiate defensive measures decrease. Consequently, new surveillance and detection capabilities are required. deciBel Research and our partners, Nexolve and Kratos, propose to develop a passive RF receiver that can be deployed on nano- or micro- satellites such as CubeSat and FastSat. A constellation of these receivers, used in conjunction with existing RF transmitting satellite constellations such as GPS, Iridium, etc., will form a space-based, multi-static radar surveillance network. The radar concept of operations will be developed under the Phase I effort along with requirements and specifications for the receiver module. A prototype receiver will be developed under Phase II and used in ground tests to demonstrate concept effectiveness.