---------- ARMY ----------

47 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
AMES Inc.
923 Cypress LN
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 847-3601
Wenge Zhang
A11-119      Awarded: 2/28/2012
Title:Novel High Density, Solid State Ultracapacitors
Abstract:Current electric energy storage (EES) technologies cannot meet the requirement of both high power density and high energy density for portable electronics in general and gun fired munitions in particular. Advanced Materials and Energy Systems, Inc. (AMES) plans to resolve this issue by developing a novel High Density UltraCapacitor (HDUC). The innovation of the proposed HDUC is the use of ultrahigh permittivity dielectric composite being developed in AMES as the dielectric layers of multilayer capacitors. Thus the proposed HDUC will possess power density matching the capacitor, and energy density much higher than the state-of-the-art Li-ion batteries. The key issue of proposed work is to develop a dielectric polymer composite with Silicon based Amorphous Ceramic (SAC) as the filler. The composite will possess the ultrahigh dielectric permittivity, high dielectric strength, and high bulk resistivity. SAC is a new class of ceramics with a novel electric and dielectric property. Most recently, AMES has developed a SAC with dielectric permittivity many orders of magnitude higher than traditional dielectric materials. For this Phase I project, AMES will investigate the process to fabricate a SAC composite, characterize the properties of produced composite, also study the ability of energy absorption with high charging rate, perform the feasibility studies on the developing and prototyping this dielectric material for high power and energy density EES that would meet all military requirement.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Tiffany Miller
A11-119      Awarded: 2/15/2012
Title:Nanodielectrics for High Energy Density Capacitors
Abstract:High performance capacitors are an enabling technology for newer precision-guided munition technology. More specifically, most of these applications use high voltage, film dielectric capacitors for energy storage, pulse generation, and pulse shaping. Lifetime and reliability of capacitors, especially in systems containing large numbers of units, is always an important consideration. The design of the capacitor is controlled by the dielectric, and the improvements in the quality and breakdown strength of the dielectric have enabled capacitors with energy densities as high as several J/cc to be produced. Recent developments in dielectrics have resulted in claims for capacitors with 20-100 times the energy density of current capacitors, using a combination of high permittivity and high breakdown strength nanocomposite dielectrics. We propose to use an innovative, high permittivity dielectric nanoparticle filler that can potentially increase capacitor energy density by 20-100 times over current SOTA. This Phase I SBIR program will demonstrate proof of principle for the production of large film capacitors with energy densities approaching that of batteries, 5-100 times that of current high energy capacitors. These “super”capacitors are based on the development of a new, high permittivity, paraelectric, low K-coated high dielectric breakdown strength nanostructured dielectrics demonstrated in laboratory testing (TRL3).

Echo Ridge, LLC
100 Carpenter Drive Suite 100
Sterling, VA 20164
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 437-0404
John Carlson
A11-120      Awarded: 4/1/2012
Title:Clean Electromagnetic Environment (EME) Generation
Abstract:Echo Ridge proposes to develop and evaluate an Intermodulation (IM) Minimization Appliqué (IMA) to operate in conjunction with EPG's electromagnetic environment (EME) generation systems. The IMA provides a menu of IM reduction tools spanning simple and low cost software approaches to advanced high performance hardware intensive approaches, depending on the nature of the generated RF environment and degree of IM reduction desired. This "tool box" approach provides the best opportunity for a solution to be developed in the course of the research that meets cost/performance constraints that may be imposed by EPG. The IMA is designed to be used in conjunction with existing unmodified EME generation resources, and leverages the prototype Virtual RF Environment (VRE) hardware and software design to be delivered under the Phase II VRE SBIR effort (product name DYnamic Spectrum Environment emulator or DYSE) as both an prototype host and test platform. The tools to be provided span simple script analysis in the context of a PA model to predicts IM as a function of frequency and power to complete pre-distortion signal insertion approaches calculated on the fly in digital hardware and implemented at the RF level.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A11-120      Awarded: 4/9/2012
Title:Methodology for Mitigation of Intermodulation Spurious Signals Produced in Electromagnetic Environment Generation Systems
Abstract:To address the Army’s need to greatly reduce the occurrence or magnitude of intermodulation products in electromagnetic environment (EME) generation systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new methodology for Mitigation of Intermodulation Spurious Signals Produced in Electromagnetic Environment Generation Systems (MISSPEL). This proposed approach is based on real time pre-distortion using physics-based models of RF power amplifier nonlinearity along with novel signal processing algorithms. The innovation in the methodology and algorithms will enable MISSPEL to offer over 20 dB reduction in intermodulation spurious signals within the 1 MHz–3 GHz band. MISSPEL offers automated, real-time mitigation of intermodulation products in EME generation systems, which directly addresses the Electronic Proving Ground (EPG) requirements to be readily adaptable to existing RF amplifiers and current EPG operations. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the technical feasibility and technological viability of MISSPEL through hardware and software prototyping. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a hardware field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based prototype and demonstrate to the government the desired performance enhancement.

Applied Signals Intelligence
11501 Sunset Hills Rd., Suite 300
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 463-3305
John McCorkle
A11-121      Awarded: 3/1/2012
Title:Body Wearable Radio Direction Finding (DF) Antenna
Abstract:Significant and growing use of communications, remote sensing and triggering devices by friend and foe are characteristics of modern warfare. The ability to Direction Find (DF) on the resultant radio transmissions is a critical capability. Advances in electronics and battery packs have enabled miniaturized DF processors that are easily hand carried onto the battlefield. However, advances in antenna and RF architectures have not kept pace. As a result, small DF processors are encumbered by relatively large and heavy antenna subsystems with resultant concealment and deployment challenges. The primary challenges for traditional antenna solutions have been imbalances, interactions, and mismatching between small size antenna elements. ASI has developed a novel Dual Port Antenna (DPA) solution for DF that enables hand carry and man wearable systems. The pattern of the DPA becomes more directive as frequencies drop, opposite of conventional antennas, and precisely what is required in man-wearable DF applications where nulls are required to cancel reflections off of the operator. Creating a man-wearable DPA antenna array for a field deployed DF system is the immediate objective of this proposal, followed by broader dissemination of the technology.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1070
James D. Lilly
A11-121      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Body Wearable Radio Direction Finding (DF) Antenna
Abstract:A body-worn radio-frequency direction finding antenna array is proposed to cover the 50-500 MHz band with good gain and antenna patterns suitable for accurate direction finding. The array will be thin and lightweight, and will be integrated into a vest to be worn by a soldier. Feasibility will be demonstrated via computational modeling and the fabrication and test of a proof-of-concept antenna.

AVRYGEN CORPORATION
1001 Crestview Dr.
Millbrae, CA 94030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 640-1917
Randy Goomer
A11-122      Awarded: 2/1/2012
Title:Therapy for Secondary Lymphedema
Abstract:Impairment of the lymphatic vascular anatomy and insufficient lymphatic function cause accumulation of interstitial fluid, leading to chronic swelling of the limbs, or lymphedema. In addition to swelling, the protein-rich interstitial fluid induces an inflammatory reaction, leading to progressive fibrosis, accumulation of adipose tissue, and impaired immune responses and wound healing. In developed countries, cancer therapy, particularly of breast cancer but also gynecologic cancer, is the leading cause of secondary lymphedema. There are approximately 2.4 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. Approximately 42% of breast cancer survivors develop secondary lymphedema within 5 years of their treatment. Lymphedema is a highly prevalent source of morbidity in this country and throughout the world; its treatment interventions are costly, laborious, and of limited efficacy. Currently, there is no FDA approved drug for lymphedema. Thus there is a critical need to develop targeted and efficacious therapeutics for lymphedema. Here we propose to develop and test a novel microsphere based biological against lymphedema which would need to be applied once to produce therapeutic efficacy.

Fibralign Corporation
1230 Bordeaux Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 492-1440
Michael Paukshto
A11-122      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Cell-Seeded Implant for Guided Lymphatic Regeneration
Abstract:Lymphedema, accumulation of lymph fluid in the tissue, is a disabling condition most commonly caused by removal of lymphatic nodes during cancer surgery. There is no cure for lymphedema, and all available remedies are palliative and reduce fluid accumulation by massage and compressive garments. To address the lack of treatment for lymphedema patients we propose to guide lymphatic regeneration by the cell-seeded graft. The graft consists of multi-lumen thread made from aligned Nanoweave™ collagen fibrils by Fibralign patented process, seeded with human lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs). These collagen fibrils closely resemble the native structure of the inside wall of the lymphatic vessel, and provide for cell attachment and alignment. The collagen thread facilitates site-specific cell delivery, enhances the survival of implanted cells. Ultimately, the goal of the LEC-seeded graft is to bridge the gap in the lymphatics caused by surgery. Primary LECs have aligned on the collagen fibrils, and LECs seeded on the thread have demonstrated excellent survival rate after subcutaneous implantation in mice. We propose to standardize the physical properties of the collagen threads by crosslinking and to implant these constructs with and without LEC in mice to test whether the LEC will integrate into the existing lymphatics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A11-122      Awarded: 1/23/2012
Title:Nano-Therapeutics for Secondary Lymphedema
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a curative treatment for secondary lymphedema that will restore the function of the lymphatic vessel system by stimulating lymphangiogenesis, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Nano-Therapeutics for Secondary Lymphedema (NATSEL). The NATSEL will include a nanocarrier (NC) loaded with VEGF-C and ANG-2, a biocompatible gel to contain the NC and a microneedle patch for transdermal delivery of the therapeutic. The innovations in NATSEL will enable minimally invasive targeted delivery of the VEGF-C and ANG-2 to the lymphatic endothelial cells. The NATSEL modality has minimal toxicity and immunogenicity profiles and is easy to administer. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the NATSEL concept by developing a prototype that can stimulate lymphangiogenesis in appropriate cell culture, resulting in lymphatic endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation and branching. In Phase II, POC plans to demonstrate, optimize, and validate the NATSEL therapeutic strategy in animal models of secondary lymphedema. The FDA approval pathway will be outlined and considered at each developmental stage.

Lifeblood Medical, Inc.
958 Adelphia Road PO Box 295
Adelphia, NJ 07710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 431-5833
Joseph Fischer
A11-123      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Maintenance of Tissue Metabolism for at Least 3 Hours between 20-28oC with an Asanguinous Fluid
Abstract:The problem to be studied is to reduce mortality and morbidity associated with major battlefield wounds and injuries by developing a novel asanguinous, synthetic resuscitation fluid (red blood cell replacement) that can function as a therapeutic oxygen carrier and provide nutrients for the treatment of hemorrhage. Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a significant military and civilian problem. More than half of the US military who die in action do so because of blood loss sustained from a gunshot wound or improvised explosive device. Thus, the importance of a readily available resuscitation fluid during the first hour (“the golden hour”) of hemorrhage is critical in saving our soldiers by extending survivability of the traumatically injured until definitive care can be provided. Hemorrhagic shock will be induced and studied in awake rats at RT; resuscitated with Lifor® or a control solution; and closely monitored until death or reestablishment of pre-hemorrhage mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). Surviving rats at three days will be euthanized. The two study endpoints, time of death and time to reestablish MAP will be indicative of Lifor’s® potential as an asanguinous resuscitation fluid for military use.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Julian Down
A11-124      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Provide Human Reticulocytes for in vitro Culturing of Malaria Parasites
Abstract:The parasite Plasmodium vivax, transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito, is the second major cause of malaria worldwide and the major cause of malaria outside Africa. The infection is characterized by a chronic course of malaria with acute episodes of relapse after months to years of asymptomatic dormancy. Research focusing on P. vivax has been hindered by lack of a practical continuous culture system as the parasite preferentially invades young erythrocytes (reticulocytes), which are difficult to obtain routinely and in high enough numbers. To address this critical need, ChromoLogic, LLC, (CL) proposes to leverage the expertise of its biologists in this area by developing a genetically modified human cell line to acquire essential features that serve as artificial reticulocytes (Art-Ret) so as to provide the Army a consistent, reliable and sufficient number of surrogate cells that are capable of being invaded by the P. vivax malaria and ensure long term culturing of the parasite.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Anya Asanbaeva
A11-124      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Method, Retiply, for Producing Human Reticulocytes in Large Numbers for Sustainment of Continuous Culture of P. vivax
Abstract:Plasmodium vivax malaria is an important factor of morbidity in many regions of Asia and Latin America. Culturing P. vivax has been difficult because of stringent requirements for reticulocytes as target cells. To address the Army’s need for a method of producing large numbers of reticulocytes on a regular basis, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new method, Retiply, for producing human reticulocytes in large numbers to sustain continuous cultures of P. vivax. The method is based on expansion and differentiation of human stem cells to produce reticulocytes, followed by storage until use. The innovation in the integration of reagents and protocols for passaging the cells to induce expansion and differentiation into reticulocytes enables Retiply to produce reticulocytes in high numbers. As a result, Retiply provides competent cells for invasion and sustainment of P. vivax. In Phase I, POC will develop the media and culture conditions and demonstrate the feasibility of producing log9-log10 reticulocytes with hemoglobin >50%. In Phase II, production efficiency will be further enhanced with reticulocyte content of >60% and >50% of reticulocytes as Duffy+. Additionally, the ability of the prepared cells to sustain P. vivax invasion will be investigated at WRAIR.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Kathie Berghorn
A11-125      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Multiplex Immunoassays in the Development of Vaccines Against Enteric Pathogens
Abstract:Bacterial enteric pathogens causing travelers’ diarrhea (TD) in developing countries include enterotoxigenic E. coli (50%), Camplyobacter jejuni, Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri, while Norovirus is a common viral cause. High risk regions for TD include areas where US service members are deployed. The rapid identification of immune responses to enteric pathogens would be advantageous to discovering potential vaccine candidates and defining exposures to enteric infections of interest. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) are the current ‘gold standard’ to measure serum antibody titers in response to enteric pathogens. However, ELISAs have significant limitations preventing their application in high-throughput screening of large sample numbers for multiple pathogens simultaneously. The difficulty of multiplexing ELISAs in a single well leads to increased usage of serum sample as well as reagents. Therefore, an assay is needed that can be multiplexed to detect several different pathogens in a single well and requires minimal technician time to perform. In this Phase I, Agave BioSystems proposes to use flow cytometry microspheres in a multiplex assay to determine immunogenicity of candidate vaccines as well as prior pathogen exposure in blood. This novel multiplex microsphere- based assay will cover the most common causative pathogens of diarrhea.

Maxwell Sensors Inc.
10020 Pioneer Blvd., Suite 103
Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 801-2088
Winston Ho
A11-125      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Simultaneous Immunoassay for Multiplex Enteric Pathogens (SIMEP)
Abstract:Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter, and Norovirus are significant causes of diarrhea and represent significant targets of military, industry, academic, and non- governmental vaccine programs. Thus, an efficient, cost-effective, serum-based multiplex assay platform that will identify vaccine candidates, determine immune responses, and serve as a potent diagnostic tool for epidemiological and clinical studies is needed. Maxwell Sensors Inc. proposes to develop a Simultaneous Immunoassay for Multiplex Enteric Pathogens (SIMEP) based on Barcoded Magnetic Bead (BMB) technology. The proprietary BMB incorporates 128 digital codes and, therefore, can simultaneously identify all diarrhea-causing enteric pathogens in a single sample. BMBs, which utilize digital technology instead of conventional analog methodology, offer unmatched decoding accuracy, excellent fluorescence detection precision and 128 barcodes for multiplex tests. Because of BMB simplicity, reliability, scalability, and exceptionally low cost, this proposed project intends to leverage the multiplex power of this technology to create an assay for simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens in sera.

Creative Light Source
2291 Arapahoe
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 517-5390
Ken Anderson
A11-126      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Holographic Passive Tracking Hybrid Solar Lighting System
Abstract:To optimally address this HSL for Army expeditionary shelters, we propose two novel innovations: (1) a flat-panel “Passively-Tracking” Solar Concentrator, leveraging our existing Holographic Solar Concentrator technology, to achieve high (>400x) concentration ratios with an ultra-wide (>100°) acceptance angle, mitigating the need for mechanical tracking and efficiently gathering diffuse light in cloudy conditions, and (2) a novel, high- efficiency “Luminary” design, leveraging the advances in weight, cost, lifetime, durability and luminous efficiency of both modern LCD (laptop/TV) backlights and LED downlighting. The overall lighting system is much more compact (<4ft3), light weight, cost effective (<$5k), and easier to deploy than any other known concentrating solar technology. The total system cost for a 20' x 32' expeditionary shelter will be below $5k and the stored volume will be under 4 cubic feet.

Linden Photonics Inc.
1 Park Drive, Unit 10
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 392-7985
Stephen O'Riorden
A11-126      Awarded: 2/8/2012
Title:Energy Reducing, Ruggedized, Solar Lighting System
Abstract:Lighting in deployable shelters is required 24 hours a day and typically there is a greater demand for light during the daylight hours. Linden Photonics proposes the use of fiber optics to create a hybrid lighting system that will be a lightweight, fully passive, easily deployable solar based lighting system. Our system is designed to track the sun with no use of electronics or GPS.

PICO Technologies
821 Lake Port Boulevard Suite G 512
Leesburg, FL 34648
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 360-0696
Hank Johannson
A11-126      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Efficient Lighting System for Expeditionary Shelters
Abstract:This proposes research and development of significantly more efficient lighting systems for military expeditionary shelters than those currently employed, which place an ongoing expensive strain on the power management systems that supply power for lighting, using inefficient florescent bulbs, as well as furnishing power for cooling those hot bulbs, and other onboard equipments. More specifically, two technologies are proposed. First, hybrid solar lighting is proposed, exploiting sunlight falling naturally on the shelters. Sunlight is concentrated, transmitted by fiber optics, and diffused to distribute light to users in the shelters. Second, light emitting diodes (LEDs) are included to provide light when the sun is not shining, or is not shining brightly enough to furnish sufficient power. LEDs use less energy, and do not produce the wasteful heat that florescent bulbs currently employed for lighting do.

Steven Winter Associates, Inc.
61 Washington Street
Norwalk, CT 06854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 857-0200
Ravi Gorthala
A11-126      Awarded: 1/27/2012
Title:Energy Reducing, Ruggedized, Solar Lighting System
Abstract:The DoD management has duly recognized the scope of the energy problem in its operations and has undertaken several initiatives on renewable and alternative energy technologies. However, there are still energy issues that need to be addressed. According to the DoD SBIR 2011.3 solicitation, more than 4,600 gallons of JP-8 fuel is used for lighting shelters in a 600-person base camp. All this energy could be saved by developing a compact, lightweight, and sufficiently ruggedized solar lighting system for military shelters. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. (SWA), an award-winning energy and sustainability small business, considers the development of a fiber-optic solar lighting technology to be a timely opportunity and believes this technology can be adopted to commercial use (artificial lighting energy costs more than $40 billion annually), if cost-effectiveness is achieved. SWA joins Energy Focus, Inc. (EFOI), a leading supplier of energy solutions such as remote-source fiber-optic lighting and LED lighting, in proposing to develop an advanced fiber-optic daylighting system that is compact, light-weight, rugged, mobile and field-deployable by transforming their prototype technology to meet the demanding needs of the military shelter application based on the team’s collective experience in fiber-optic daylighting, remote- source lighting and energy efficient lighting. There are three key components in the fiber-optic daylighting system – solar light concentrator, tracking system and light delivery system comprising fiber-optic cables and a hybrid light-fixture. During Phase I, SWA will design an advanced solar light collector with a two-stage concentrator, and a dual-axis, active, motorized tracking system; EFOI will design the light delivery system with an advanced hybrid light fixture. SWA proposes to utilize advanced polymer composites to develop an overall light-weight and rugged system. The team will also build and test a breadboard prototype system during Phase I to accelerate the development effort in Phase II. The overall performance and cost objective is to develop a reliable, renewable energy lighting technology for military shelters that costs less than $10/ft2 with no fuel consumption during daylit hours.

Ultimara
500 Mansion ct. suite 307
Santa Clara,, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-0081
Salah Khodja
A11-126      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Energy Reducing, Ruggedized, Solar Lighting System
Abstract:We propose to develop an efficient, low-profile, compact, rugged, reliable lightweight and stowable sunlighting system that can operate as a sunlighting daylight solution for shelters. The revolutionary low-profile concentrating tale system, built of simple, durable components that will concentrate sunlight to a large core multimode optical fiber cable at industry-leading efficiencies. In addition, the integration of low-profile trackers with the sunlighting tale enables deployment of sunlighting system in locations that have hitherto been impossible, such as in high wind areas, and on the roofs and facades of shelters. The proposed approach aims at optimizing the sunlighting tale system design and material to enable it to meet the efficiency, cost, durability and ruggedization specifications that a forward fielded military system requires. This is the first time to our knowledge such a sunlighting system design structure is proposed.

Metna Co.
1926 Turner Street
Lansing, MI 48906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 485-1402
Jue Lu
A11-127      Awarded: 1/25/2012
Title:First Generation of Controlled-Release Bacteriocins/Anti-Microbials
Abstract:Food safety has become an increasingly important international concern; it is also a critical issue for the Warfighter who is encountering growing bioterrorism and proliferation of foodborne illnesses. Biopreservation is a technique used to increase shelf life and food safety through natural, biological methods, and could resolve some major food-related issues. Among the wide spectrum of antibacterial products based on microorganisms, the bacteriocins have attracted the greatest attention for food preservation; their use, however, is still limited due to complicated factors, including interaction with the foods, low solubility at high pH, and short shelf life. This project will develop and commercialize a new generation of controlled-release bacteriocins/anti-microbials with nanoencapsulation using biodegradable polymers to advance biopreservation for improving food safety. The project will specifically target effective inhibition of a broad range of spoilage bacteria, pathogens and spores over the extended shelf life of ration components used for military feeding. The following objectives will be achieved in the Phase I effort: i) identification of viable potential bacteriocins/anti-microbials complexes for effective killing of both Gram-negative and Gram- positive foodborne pathogens; ii) development of nanoencapsulated bacteriocins/anti- microbials, and thorough assessment of their antimicrobial activity; and iii) modeling the in- vitro release of nanoencapsulated bacterocins/anti-microbials.

Orbis Biosciences
2002 West 39th Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(913) 945-7796
David W. Dumbauld
A11-127      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:First Generation of Controlled-Release Bacteriocins/Anti-Microbials
Abstract:Combat ration Intermediate Moisture (IM) products use low pH and water content (aw) to discourage bacterial growth. The long-term goal of this proposal is to maintain the microbial stability of ration components over a two-year shelf life while increasing the pH and aw values for an improved organoleptic profile. The specific objective of this Phase I application is to develop microspheres for continuous, controlled-release of Nisaplin over a two-year period using Orbis’ Precision Particle Fabrication (PPF) microsphere encapsulation technology. The incorporation of this time-released system in addition to a one-time injection during initial packaging would allow for higher pH and aw thresholds, providing a safe, high-quality ration platform with improved palatability. First, uniform, Nisaplin-loaded microspheres with three different diameters will be formulated to characterize in vitro release kinetics. Second, through in vitro release testing, the formulation of Nisaplin-loaded microspheres will be optimized to achieve sustained, two-year Nisaplin release. In the Phase I Option, the controlled-release system will be compared to single-dose delivery. The central hypothesis is that uniform, Nisaplin-loaded PPF microspheres will offer a cost- and dose-effective food preservation system with precisely tailored anti-microbial release characteristics to effectively inhibit gram-positive pathogens over the two year shelf-life of the food product.

Nanosyntex
11306 Timber Tech Road Suite B
Tomball, TX 77375
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 516-2585
Vasanth Narayanan
A11-128      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Lightweight Material for Full-Scale Parachutes
Abstract:The main goal of this US Army SBIR Phase I project is to design and develop extremely lightweight, high strength nonwoven fabrics with controllable air permeability which could be used as a replacement for current woven parachute canopy fabrics at reduced cost. Product development trials will be conducted using pilot scale equipment to produce hydroentangled nonwoven fabrics containing nano-scale nylon filaments that are 50% lower in fabric weight compared to the current standard canopy fabrics, such as PIA-C-44378, Type IV. The lightweight nonwoven fabric will be designed and produced in a way to meet or exceed the current specification for breaking and tearing strength, durability, flexibility, chemical resistance, stability to water immersion and air permeability. Additionally, the newly developed nonwoven fabrics for the parachute canopies would be tested to verify the abrasion resistance and light fastness and compared to the current woven nylon fabric. The fabric will be manufactured in the USA to meet the requirements of the Berry Amendment. Phase I nonwoven fabrics will be made using nonwoven processes such as spunbonded, melt blown and spunlaced, utilizing bicomponent and splittable continuous synthetic filaments made of nylon and polyester. The nonwoven fabrics will contain nano-scale filaments for enhanced strength and field durability at reduced fabric weight. Other processes such electrospinning would be studied in Phase I to explore the possibility of making the required canopy fabric containing nano-scale filaments. Apart from monthly reports, a final technical report will be submitted to the sponsor along with 10 linear yards of selected parachute fabrics.

Applied Visions, Inc.
6 Bayview Avenue
Northport, NY 11768
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 759-3903
Ken Doris
A11-129      Awarded: 1/27/2012
Title:Methodologies and Algorithms for Ground Soldier Load and Route Selection Decision Applications
Abstract:This project will develop a decision tool for Load and Route Evaluation for Dismounted Operations (LAREDO). The research efforts will expand upon infantry routing algorithms and decision tools we are developing for the Army’s Geospatial Engineering Center. LAREDO will provide an interactive 3D environment for selecting loads and planning routes to maximize soldier performance for a given mission. In Phase I we will identify the specific METT-TC and OACOK related decisions made by Small Unit Leaders at multiple echelon levels, and the information needed to support them. We will select a subset of those for Phase I development and build a proof-of-concept system that will undergo feasibility testing to allow the Army to evaluate our concept. Phase I will also include plans for verification and validation of the algorithms and techniques during Phase II. Our Phase II efforts will extend and refine the Phase I algorithms and methodologies, incorporate subject matter expert feedback to ensure proper fit with real-world factors, and produce a fully functional, validated Phase II prototype which will be demonstrated in a realistic environment.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 170
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 601-7847
Steve Borkman
A11-129      Awarded: 1/31/2012
Title:Methodologies and Algorithms for Ground Soldier Load and Route Selection Decision Applications
Abstract:Dignitas Technologies’ Phase I approach combines our industry-leading experience with terrain reasoning algorithms with our growing technology suite of tactical decision aids running on mobile and embedded environments. Our Phase I SBIR effort focuses on combining these two threads to develop a common planning and tactical decision aid capability that benefits small unit soldiers. Dignitas has conducted extensive related research for RDECOM, including NSRDEC, which will provide us a strong head start on this SBIR. Dignitas has already developed capabilities allowing complex terrain analysis algorithms to be run on resource-constrained devices. This underlying capability making high resolution geospatial data available to soldiers is a critical underpinning to development of effective methodologies for routing, soldier load, and more. Dignitas can also leverage experience developing routing methodologies for NSRDEC, mobile devices, and major Army computer generated forces applications. This ability to leverage existing work will allow Dignitas to push well beyond requested Phase I scope, including the ability to prototype sample methodology implementations so as to support practical experimentation with SMEs and soldiers on usability and input.

Primordial, Inc.
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy L. Milbert
A11-129      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Ground Guidance®: Load-Based Mission Planning
Abstract:Army small unit leaders face complex tradeoffs when selecting equipment and routes for a mission. Mnemonics such METT-TC and OAKOC summarize many of the factors that soldiers consider, but quickly and comprehensively analyzing these elements is challenging. That is where Primordial’s flagship product, Ground Guidance, comes in. Ground Guidance is patented, fielded software developed under contracts with AGC, CERDEC, PM MTS, DARPA, and USSOCOM that enables soldiers to perform rapid terrain analysis, load planning, and route selection. Primordial has integrated Ground Guidance with Falcon View, Google Earth, Land Warrior, and MTS. In January, Primordial fielded Ground Guidance with the Land Warrior to Special Forces and Army units operating in Iraq and Afghanistan. In September, Primordial received a $3.7M, three-year NSRDEC BAA contract under which Primordial will update Ground Guidance to account for weather, energy expenditure, heat strain, weapon range, chokepoints, and individual load. Under the proposed effort, Primordial will further update Ground Guidance to suggest halt locations, learn travel times, recommend fields of fire, identify avenues of approach, and recognize ambush locations. Primordial will also perform an initial verification and validation round by enlisting three small unit leaders with recent combat experience to assess these new Ground Guidance features.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0672
Jianjun Wei
A11-130      Awarded: 2/1/2012
Title:Harvesting Radiative Energy for a High-Efficiency Portable Battery Charger/Storage Unit
Abstract:The Army’s Land Warrior concept requires a high efficient, portable, day-night continuously functioning battery charger/storage unit (BCSU) that will lessen the Soldier’s load. However, existing energy harvesting technology such as the photovoltaic cell is limited by operational conditions. To meet the needs, we will leverage our newly discovered breakthrough in energy harvesting and deliver a microscale Multiple-Energy Harvester (MEH) that is capable of simultaneously scavenging multiple environmental radiative energy sources, such as thermal and optical radiation, vibrations etc., and converting them into usable direct current electrical energy. Additional major advantages of the MEH technology over existing radiative energy harvesting methodologies include rugged architecture for long-lasting, continuous energy scavenging at various environments for day and night, higher energy conversion, compatible to prevalent MEMS micro-fabrication process for packaging and integration with existing energy storage systems. In Phase I, we will focus on analysis, design and testing components of the micro-MEH device for performance improvement and experimental validation of harvesting energies from a broad spectrum of thermal and photon resources in laboratory. We will evaluate the integration of micro-MEH for its capability and feasibility as a Soldier’s BCSU. A multidisciplinary team with expertise in all aspects of the proposed study has been assembled.

i2C Solutions
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 933-9136
Steven Arzberger
A11-130      Awarded: 2/1/2012
Title:A Graphene Based Radiative Environmental Energy Harvesting Cell
Abstract:To maintain high situational awareness, dismounted Soldiers are making increasing use of soldier-borne electronic devices (e.g., sensors, radios, data devices, etc.). Unfortunately these devices require a considerable number of batteries to maintain their operation during a typical multi-day mission. Ultimately this presents a considerable cost and logistical burden for the U.S. Army while also presenting a physical risk to the warfighter (due to the weight burden). As a result, the U.S. Army has considerable interest in highly efficient and portable energy harvesting technologies. Solar energy has emerged as the leading candidate due to its high degree of portability. However, it has limited efficiency and is only capable of harvesting electromagnetic energy (EM) in the visible light spectrum and thus is unable to provide continuous charging capabilities during the day, night and in inclement weather. As such, the U.S. Army is interested in new radiative environmental energy harvesting technologies with both improved efficiency and the ability to convert EM energy beyond the visible light spectrum into usable electric current. To that end, i2C Solutions propose the development of an entirely new class of radiative environmental energy harvesting devices based on the use of graphene material.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
A11-130      Awarded: 1/25/2012
Title:Broad-Range Energy Collection and Harvesting
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a lightweight, rugged, durable, high-efficiency battery charger and storage unit (BCSU), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Broad-Range Energy Collection and Harvesting (BRECH) technology. This proposed device is based on a new design that uses in-house developed mature technologies and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in technology for the antenna fabrication and the material used for power conversion will enable the BRECH system to continuously convert radiative environmental energy into usable direct current (DC), to charge Soldiers’ batteries at a rate of 20 W within five hours (even at night and in poor weather), while weighing less than 2 lb without the battery. As a result, this technology offers a wide spectrum of environmental power harvesting and efficient conversion of this power, light weight, and adaptivity to mass production, which directly addresses the PEO Ground Combat Systems requirements for the BCSU for the Army’s Land Warrior program. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the BRECH concept by the evaluation and demonstration of conceptual prototypes. In Phase II, POC plans to develop, build, and demonstrate a full-scale prototype suitable for limited field testing.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 500
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 942-1171
Norman Geddes
A11-131      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Aviator Mission Tasker of Distributed Unmanned Assets
Abstract:With the advent of glass cockpits in the CH-47F, UH-60M and AH-64D Block III, the Army has recognized the opportunity to control Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) from the cockpit of its manned aircraft. The combined Manned Un-Manned (MUM) team promises to provide the Army aviator with improved situational awareness and mission effectiveness, thereby improving combat outcomes without degrading the mission safety. Typical UAS controls require intensive user inputs to specify the desired mission behaviors. In the cockpit, this presents a high cognitive demand that increases flight risks. MUM team operations need an innovative and effective way to dynamically task distributed unmanned assets that is adaptable by the user community, both at design time and in the cockpit at execution time. Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc. and Georgia Tech Research Institute have teamed to develop adaptive tasking for distributed unmanned assets to improve tactical management of MUM teams. Our approach is called Collaborative Adaptive Tasking System, or CATS. CATS uses a goal-activity-action representation together with a global situation model to provide robust task definition and execution that will create large gains in operational capability for the joint manned UAS team.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Daniel Stouch
A11-131      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:STOCOTA: Software Toolkit for the Operational Control of Tactical Autonomy
Abstract:Army aviation remains critical to the success of military operations, but as technology advances and enemies adapt, its traditional operational concepts must evolve for continued success. Aviators possess a level of situational awareness and tactical insight that makes them good candidates to coordinate unmanned systems during tactical reconnaissance, transport, and attack missions. The integration of manned and unmanned operations is limited by: (1) the cognitive challenges of the operator; (2) the capability to encode tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) for autonomous vehicles; and (3) the adaptability of these to enemies’ changing tactics. To address these issues, we propose a Software Toolkit for the Operational Control of Tactical Autonomy. STOCOTA is a tactical management system for planners to specify, adapt, and validate TTPs that also enables army aviators to effectively employ and coordinate UAVs using encoded and configurable autonomous control instructions (ACIs). Our system consists of: (1) the capability to encode TTPs into autonomous ACIs; (2) a component for aviators to pass instructions to UAVs that support their tactical missions; (3) an ecological user interface with adaptive-complexity; and (4) a simulation component to validate the ACIs and determine if they perform as expected.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas Limbaugh
A11-131      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Aviator Mission Tasker of Distributed Unmanned Assets
Abstract:Kutta Technologies proposes development of an Aviator Mission Tasker Toolkit (AMTT) which affords users the ability to drag and drop logical agent-based features to create a Manned/Unmanned Teaming (MUM-T) application that will interface with modern avionics systems and provide for multi-vehicle unmanned systems control with low cognitive workload. To engineer the system, Kutta teams with world-renowned human factors experts and large company partners. Furthermore, Kutta leverages its in-depth knowledge of RTCA DO-178B processes and procedures to architect a solution that is certifiable in both military and commercial product lines. When complete, Kutta’s AMTT will provide tacticians, systems developers, and aviators the ability to leverage Kutta’s powerful unmanned systems mission and payload planning services. Kutta delivers an architecture for AMTT that is open and supports the addition of other company’s proprietary applications as long as they meet the architectural requirements of modularity and open interfaces. The resulting tool outputs executable software and panel configuration files. A Panel Manager functions in the avionics system and displays the multi-vehicle MUM-T information contained in the configuration files with sound human factors principals in mind. The Phase I work concludes with a simulated MUM-T Apache search and destroy mission utilizing a prototype AMTT.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Ter
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
A11-131      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Aviator Mission Tasker of Distributed Unmanned Assets
Abstract:This proposal is for development of a Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Mission-tasking and Mission-management (DREAMM) for manned-unmanned teams. Our proposed system will support Army system developers, tacticians, and aviators in defining and tailoring cockpit automation, aiding, and tasking associated with mission planning, coordination, and execution to facilitate effective usage of unmanned systems in coordination with manned platforms within an evolving mission context. Our focus will be on creating a design environment in which aids for the aviator to effectively employ sensors and payloads of both air and ground unmanned systems throughout the mission – from planning to after- action review – can be defined, implemented, evaluated, and exported to operational planning and Command-and-Control (C2) systems, both on-board and off-board the aircraft. The aids will include tools that direct UV tactical behaviors, monitor UV status and performance, provide cues to the aviator on actions needed, and provide selective and, adaptive automation to some tasks [Miller and Parasuraman, 2007]. Our development environment will provide checks that keep tactics and tool development within the performance parameters of target systems and produce run-time prototype tools that are interoperable with live and virtual simulation in which to validate proposed tactics and tools.

Applied Radar, Inc.
315 Commerce Park Road
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
William H. Weedon
A11-132      Awarded: 2/16/2012
Title:Affordable Low-Profile Wideband SATCOM Antennas (LPWSA) for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:The proposal will develop multiple design concepts, conduct a trade study, and identify the three (3) most promising concepts for affordable low-profile and wideband satellite communication antennas (LPWSA) with high data rate capability and minimum airstream protrusion for airborne platforms. Specifically, the study will investigate several modified hybrid low-profile antenna array concepts with reduced antenna height and widen coverage range of low elevation incident. The development approaches include (a) two separated broadband antenna system designs for the Ku-band and the Ka/K band and (b) single low- profile ultra wideband antenna design for the above antenna system concepts that cover all- inclusive Ku- and Ka- bands. In either case, the availability and cost of COTs components will affect the choice of the antenna system architecture for airborne SATCOM applications. The threshold of the proposal is the development of a Ku-band antenna for simultaneous transmit and receive satellite communication, with an objective to develop an all-inclusive dual-band Ku/Ka antenna array system. The proposal will first analyze and simulated RF performance of the proposed design concepts through electromagnetic simulation, and then identify risks and approaches for reducing risk toward selecting these design concepts.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Keith Kelly
A11-132      Awarded: 2/22/2012
Title:Low-Profile Wideband SATCOM Antennas (LPWSA) for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:Affordable, low profile SATCOM – On the Move (OTM) terminals are a subject of intense research due to the cost, performance and physical burden of current systems. For airborne ISR platforms like EMARSS and others, SATCOM uplinks using a gimbaled dish on the top fuselage centerline are the preferred means of backhauling large volumes of ISR data. Due to the reasons listed above, alternate SATCOM terminals for Ku-Band (threshold) and Ka- Band (objective) are desired. FIRST RF proposes a Ku/Ka Band terminal that is low profile, offers high gain to close high datarate links, and maintains an attractive cost target. The proposed solution is a hybrid approach: by combining both mechanical and electrical steering, fine pointing accuracy is maintained using affordable technology. The proposed hybrid approach substantially reduces the cost of RF electronics modules, and eases the burden on fine-beam pointing algorithms. During Phase I, FIRST RF will perform full systems design; design, build and test a passive panel; and design, build and test a single active RF module. During Phase II we will produce an active array.

Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
65 West Street Road Building C
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
John Daukas
A11-132      Awarded: 2/8/2012
Title:Low-Profile Wideband SATCOM Antennas (LPWSA) for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:This SBIR is to design, test and manufacture a state of the art, low profile, low drag SATCOM antenna system for millimeter wave Ku and Ka band transmissions from an airborne platform. The concept will enable bi-directional high data rate transmissions capable of handling imagery and communications intelligence in standard Military bands. Multiple design concepts for various individual elements of the overall design will be explored, evaluated and combined into three candidate solutions. These elements range from the antenna design and construction to the use of microwave integrated components and support hardware designed to meet very challenging size, weight, power and MTBF goals. A trade study will then be conducted to identify the most promising concept. The RF performance of the candidate solutions will be calculated and analyzed through electromagnetic simulations. In addition, a risk analysis will then be conducted and risk mitigation methodologies selected for each design. A preferred configuration will then be selected. After selection of the preferred hardware configuration, the units will be packaged in a low loss, low drag housing designed to minimize distortion of either the uplink or downlink to the satellite.

Red River Military Systems, Inc.
3003 LBJ Freeway, Ste. 123
Dallas, TX 75234
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 406-0245
Fabio Grossi
A11-133      Awarded: 2/2/2012
Title:Statically Operated Ramjet
Abstract:The need for greater payload and range for tactical missiles is unsatisfied by current propulsion concepts. Greater payload and range is necessary for increased operational adaptability of Warfighters. The Grossi Statically-Operating Ejector Ramjet (SOERJ) engine combines the high speed performance of a ramjet and low speed, or static performance of a solid rocket motor which results in greater payload and range. Preliminary proof of feasibility is proposed by conducting basic laboratory techniques with an existing sub-scale prototype engine, and by simulating a SOERJ missile through the development of high-fidelity methods and tools. Results expected are a specific impulse greater than 250 seconds, and a thrust-to-weight of greater than 4g at launch with increasing performance to a flight speed of 2.5 Mach. The research will be conducted by the original SOERJ scientist with nine years of SOERJ research experience. Proof of feasibility is expected to generate investment for full-scale demonstrators by acquisition programs.

TELAZTEC LLC
15 A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 229-9905
Douglas S. Hobbs
A11-134      Awarded: 3/15/2012
Title:Nanostructured High Performance, High Angle of Incidence Anti-Reflection (AR) Treatment
Abstract:Telescope optical sights on warfighter rifles need to be small in size, light in weight, have high optical transmission over a wide spectral range for day and night vision, and perhaps most importantly, exhibit a low visible and near infrared signature. The highly observable flash of light, or glint, reflected from common telescope sights readily betrays the position of even the most skillfully camouflaged soldier. Glint can be particularly severe at night where infrared light reflections are large relative to the environmental backdrop. The wide spectral range and large angle of incidence that gives rise to glint are an ongoing problem for the conventional anti-reflection (AR) technology based on coating multiple thin-film material layers on telescope lenses. Thin-film AR coatings function through the interference of light reflected from each material layer, an effect that varies with the light incident angle, wavelength, and polarization state. An innovative, rugged, single material solution to the glint problem without the practical limitations of thin-film AR coatings is based on surface relief microstructures fabricated directly in the telescope optic material. Such stealthy textures, first evolved in nature in the eyes of night moths and known as “Motheye” by the optics industry, provide a smooth gradation of the lens-air interface, allowing light to propagate without reflection over a wide wavelength and incident angle range. Theoretical models for arrays of AR microstructures (ARMs) predict that such textures can be significantly more effective than thin-film coatings at suppressing reflections out to angles of incidence of 60 degrees and beyond. Recent reflection measurements of ARMs textures fabricated in quartz, fused silica, and glass show that reflected light can be reduced to a level below 0.1% over a huge spectral range spanning the near ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared. With strong interest from ARMY contractors such as Trijicon, Raytheon and Boeing, TelAztec will demonstrate its custom design, broad-band high-angle ARMs textures in several glasses that meet the requirements of military optical sights. ARMs textures on the scale and curvature of telescope lenses will be demonstrated in a Phase I Option effort, and the manufacturing process for producing low cost ARMs textures in existing and future rifle scope optics will be optimized during the Phase II effort and into the Phase III commercialization period.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Lawrence Domash
A11-134      Awarded: 2/28/2012
Title:Low-Cost Nanostructured Anti-Reflection Technology(1001-769)
Abstract:Triton Systems, teamed with a major US manufacturer of optical glass and night vision components, proposes an innovative manufacturing process for anti-reflectance on the front lens surface of soldier optics of all kinds. The new process will reduce glints at large angles of incidence by up to 90% compared to current methods. The new anti-reflectance technology will allow computationally designed nanostructures to be applied to lens surfaces of any radius of curvature or aperture. Phase I will show the feasibility of various elements of the technology including optical performance and abrasion resistance. Phase II will demonstrate a prototype of the full process.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
A11-135      Awarded: 3/28/2012
Title:Multilayer Thermally Induced Curl Fiber
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a lightweight, versatile thermal insulation material, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Multilayer Thermally-Induced Curl (MULTIC) fiber. This proposed technology is based on a new approach to manufacturing thermally responsive, variable-loft polymer batting material. The innovation in using “smart” polymer fibers integrated in nonwoven padding mats will enable the new thermal insulation to react in real time to changes in ambient temperature, as well as body heat, to adjust the amount of thermal insulation according to the current weather conditions and the wearer’s comfort. As a result, this technology offers the Army an “all-in-one” protective garment solution that responds instantly to the thermal protection needs of the Soldier, mitigating the need to carry additional layers of clothing and thus reducing the weight and space requirements of the carry load, which directly addresses the Army’s present requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MULTIC adaptive protection by modeling the material response and producing and testing samples of thermally responsive batting. In Phase II, POC plans to manufacture functional garment components and conduct product qualification with full-sized manikins.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Jack Thiesen
A11-136      Awarded: 2/15/2012
Title:Nanosatellite Ground Station Communications Phased Array Antenna
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR project is to develop a man-portable S- and C-band communication antenna that can simultaneously track and communicate with multiple nanosatellites in several planes. We propose a low-cost phased array antenna whose particular design could be adapted to a variety of situations with minimal non-recurring engineering. The phased array architecture will be based on EMAG's PCB-native VISAT technology that utilizes vertical integration of radiating and electronics layers to yield the best size, weight and power (SAWP) performance.

Technovative Applications
3160 - A Enterprise Street
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 996-0104
Don Charlton
A11-136      Awarded: 4/17/2012
Title:Nanosatellite Ground Station Communications Phased Array Antenna
Abstract:We propose to develop a flexible active phased array antenna for nanosatellite communications that is light weight and man-portable. The antenna uses low-cost commercial off-the-shelf components to cover at least two frequency bands in a single antenna. The antenna has a wide electronic scan coverage implemented using digital beamforming performed in a small computer connected to the antenna via fiber optics. The antenna can be set up as a planar array or stretched over a conformal surface for wide area coverage.

Envisioneering, Inc.
5904 RICHMOND HWY., SUITE 300
ALEXANDRIA, VA 22303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 483-4100
Andrew Baronavski
A11-137      Awarded: 2/6/2012
Title:Femto Second Laser Adaptive Optics
Abstract:Ultra-Short Pulse Lasers demonstrate great potential to meet military capability requirements but are typically limited to short range applications. The objective of this Phase 1 proposal is to define, specify and recommend an Adaptive Optics (AO) System for an Army Ultra-Short Pulse Laser which will permit a wider variety of applications with longer ranges of interest to the Army and the DoD. Envisioneering proposes to perform a trade study to determine the cost, availability and time to procure such a system. In order to provide an effective AO system, an intimate knowledge of the requirements for the various applications must be known, as well as, knowledge of the physical processes taking place not only at the target, but also during atmospheric propagation. Other important aspects necessary for a successful system are a technical understanding and familiarity with the state of the art of current USPL technology, an understanding of the various nonlinear processes involving laser-material interactions, experience with the unique issues involving USPL propagation, and an appreciation of the types of systems likely to be fielded for particular DoD missions which determine the required wavelength, bandwidth, repetition rate, pulsewidth and energy of the USP laser system.

Optical Physics Company
26610 Agoura Road Suite 240
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 880-2907
Richard A Hutchin
A11-137      Awarded: 2/13/2012
Title:Adaptive Optics System for Ultra-short Pulse Lasers (USPL)
Abstract:Optical Physics Company (OPC) in cooperation with PM&AM Research is proposing to develop an adaptive optics system that will enable an ultra short pulse laser (USPL) illuminator to operate reliably and with high precision from an air platform at 6,000-20,000 foot altitude at up to 10 km range. A large aperture primary mirror is combined with fast adaptive optics and closed loop range control to overcome the variations in ionization range caused by changeable atmospheric conditions and turbulence-induced filamentation. The larger aperture creates a sharper rise of intensity near the target and allows more accurate control of the ionizing transition. During the base Phase I effort the OPC-PM&AM team will develop an end-to-end system design and verify its operation in wave-optic simulation leading to a Preliminary Design Review (PDR) at the end of the base effort. During the Phase I option a Phase II prototype design will be completed for manufacturing and field testing over several kilometers under a wide range of atmospheric conditions in Phase II. This includes identification of all components and mechanical layouts with an updated performance model based on the hardware parameters of the components selected. The Phase I option will end with a Critical Design Review (CDR).

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 682-1734
Daliborka Stanojevic
A11-138      Awarded: 2/14/2012
Title:Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management
Abstract:Recent cyber-attack incidents along with the dramatic increase of the number and geographic diversity of software and hardware suppliers have exacerbated the complexity of the already difficult challenges of supply chain risk management and mission planning. Mission planning commanders and supply chain managers alike are increasingly dependent on the availability and reliability of individual weapons and devices to succeed in their mission objectives. The aim of this SBIR effort is, therefore, to provide an innovative decision support framework that will reduce risks and boost the likelihood of mission success in the context of the Information and Communication Technology of a supply chain. The DECISIVE ANALYTICS team will accomplish this goal through integration of innovative techniques for product integrity analysis, state-of-the-art mathematical models for comprehensive supply chain risk analysis, and interactive multi-layer visualization tools that will guide a human operator. Our approach will provide the following capabilities: 1) Specification of risk factors based on an innovative product integrity analysis, 2) Mechanism for selection of low-risk components in the acquisition and mission planning process, 3) Mechanism for identification and analysis of the critical products and functionalities, and 4) Visualization tools for easy review of the results of the supply chain risk analysis.

Power Fingerprinting, Inc.
2200 Kraft Drive, Suite 1200 R
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 200-8344
Carlos R. Aguayo Gonzalez
A11-138      Awarded: 2/9/2012
Title:Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management
Abstract:One of the most important aspects in managing the risks in the cyber supply chain is being able to verify the integrity of the different hardware and software modules, as they are vulnerable to cyber attacks at all level of the execution stack and throughout their life cycle. A novel integrity assessment and intrusion detection approach called power fingerprinting (PFP) is capable of extremely accurate and reliable detection of malicious intrusions, unauthorized modifications, and tampering in critical embedded systems. This revolutionary approach monitors the power consumption of digital systems to assess its execution status and detect, with extreme accuracy, when an unauthorized execution has managed to disrupt the normal operation of critical embedded systems. The objective of Phase I is to use demonstrate the ability of PFP to perform integrity analysis in different ICT components at different stages in the system life cycle to support cyber supply chain risk management. For Phase I the selected platform consists of a commercial development board similar in characteristics to a smart phone running the Android Operating System. To achieve this goal we will evaluate different techniques to extract reliable PFP signatures from trusted and alternatives references and use them for integrity assessment.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Adam Barkley
A11-139      Awarded: 6/1/2012
Title:Intelligent SiC-based High Power Density Power Distribution System for Military Ground Vehicle Applications
Abstract:Increasing electrification of the modern military ground vehicle fleet places ever-increasing demand on each vehicle’s electric power generation and distribution systems. The quantity of instrumentation, computing, and electronic weaponry countermeasures systems is rapidly growing, as is their power consumption and need for high power quality. Fast-acting and accurate Silicon-based solid state protection devices have already replaced electromechanical circuit breakers and conventional relaying techniques in many applications. APEI, Inc. proposes to demonstrate that SiC can be used to displace current generation Silicon-based multi-channel power distribution units for military ground vehicle applications by: 1) increasing available current capacity, 2) reducing cooling requirements, 3) reducing volumetric and gravimetric power density, and 4) extending operable ambient temperature range. The Phase I effort will conclude with a demonstration of the APEI, Inc. prototype meeting all electrical program goals by the end of the Phase I effort via a hardware prototype demonstration. The Phase I Option effort will focus on development of the additional features, self-diagnostic capabilities, and an extended CAN communication suite. Additionally, testing of the 16 channel hardware prototype in a realistic temperature environment and with a variety of load transients will be performed during the Phase I Option effort.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Bruce R. Pilvelait
A11-139      Awarded: 4/16/2012
Title:A Modular Silicon Carbide Based Electrical Distribution Unit
Abstract:Upgrades to the Bradley and Stryker vehicles and concepts for a next-generation ground combat vehicle require substantial expansion of the electrical power generation and distribution system. The upgrades must be implemented within very tight spaces, and this requires technology advances such as higher operating temperature and power density and increased interoperability within the vehicle. Creare will expand our previously developed SiC-based power controller, and we leverage our longstanding partnership with one of the leading ground combat vehicle technology providers to the U.S. Army to meet these challenges. During Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a 16 channel, 28 VDC Solid State Electrical Distribution Unit (SSEDU) which operates with ambient temperatures up to 90 deg C and supports current levels up to 1,000 A. Our design uses an innovative thermal management technique to allow operation at very high ambient temperature while maintaining semiconductor junction temperatures which minimize size and maximize lifetime and reliability. During Phase II we will demonstrate a prototype in a high fidelity vehicle test environment. Creare’s SSEDU offers the benefits of higher power density, higher operating temperature, and increased control intelligence when compared to existing designs.