DoD SBIR FY11.3 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Air Force - Army - Navy - DARPA - OSD

---------- AF ----------

1 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Janya Inc.
1408 Sweet Home Road, Suite 1
Amherst, NY 14228
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 565-0401
Thomas L. Cornell
AF103-051      Awarded: 2/15/2011
Title:Enhance Situational Awareness by Capturing Knowledge from Chat
Abstract: Computer-mediated synchronous communication (chat) is becoming an increasingly important tool for gaining and maintaining situation awareness in military operations. Our primary goal in this project is to investigate the ways in which text extraction technology can help in the kind of C2 Chat setting exemplified by Air Operations Centers' (AOC) dynamic targeting cells (DTC). The difficulties inherent in maintaining situation awareness in this fast paced and information rich environment can be addressed by improving training to make more effective use of existing tools, and by improving the existing tools themselves to help operators leverage their scarce attentional resources. We believe that text extraction technology adapted to C2 Chat will materially improve both off-line performance analysis and on-line information management. Janya and Aptima have already developed tools for dealing with Command and Control (C2) Chat. These two tools complement each other, allowing for a more comprehensive approach to managing C2 Chat. Janya's Semantex Chat Processor (Semantex/Chat) supports the real time recognition of entities, events and relationships mentioned in the chat stream. Aptima's Communications and Information Flow Tracking System (CIFTS) can analyze chat logs off line at a higher level, to identify patterns of communication supporting sophisticated performance analysis tools. BENEFIT: The ability to automatically annotate key items of information appearing in a chat message stream will help operators using this popular communication and collaboration tool to better follow the contents of multiple simultaneous conversations. Key information will be easier to spot, easier to retain, easier to share, and easier to integrate into a big picture view.

---------- ARMY ----------

47 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
AMES Inc.
923 Cypress LN
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 847-3601
Wenge Zhang
A11-119      Awarded: 2/28/2012
Title:Novel High Density, Solid State Ultracapacitors
Abstract:Current electric energy storage (EES) technologies cannot meet the requirement of both high power density and high energy density for portable electronics in general and gun fired munitions in particular. Advanced Materials and Energy Systems, Inc. (AMES) plans to resolve this issue by developing a novel High Density UltraCapacitor (HDUC). The innovation of the proposed HDUC is the use of ultrahigh permittivity dielectric composite being developed in AMES as the dielectric layers of multilayer capacitors. Thus the proposed HDUC will possess power density matching the capacitor, and energy density much higher than the state-of-the-art Li-ion batteries. The key issue of proposed work is to develop a dielectric polymer composite with Silicon based Amorphous Ceramic (SAC) as the filler. The composite will possess the ultrahigh dielectric permittivity, high dielectric strength, and high bulk resistivity. SAC is a new class of ceramics with a novel electric and dielectric property. Most recently, AMES has developed a SAC with dielectric permittivity many orders of magnitude higher than traditional dielectric materials. For this Phase I project, AMES will investigate the process to fabricate a SAC composite, characterize the properties of produced composite, also study the ability of energy absorption with high charging rate, perform the feasibility studies on the developing and prototyping this dielectric material for high power and energy density EES that would meet all military requirement.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Tiffany Miller
A11-119      Awarded: 2/15/2012
Title:Nanodielectrics for High Energy Density Capacitors
Abstract:High performance capacitors are an enabling technology for newer precision-guided munition technology. More specifically, most of these applications use high voltage, film dielectric capacitors for energy storage, pulse generation, and pulse shaping. Lifetime and reliability of capacitors, especially in systems containing large numbers of units, is always an important consideration. The design of the capacitor is controlled by the dielectric, and the improvements in the quality and breakdown strength of the dielectric have enabled capacitors with energy densities as high as several J/cc to be produced. Recent developments in dielectrics have resulted in claims for capacitors with 20-100 times the energy density of current capacitors, using a combination of high permittivity and high breakdown strength nanocomposite dielectrics. We propose to use an innovative, high permittivity dielectric nanoparticle filler that can potentially increase capacitor energy density by 20-100 times over current SOTA. This Phase I SBIR program will demonstrate proof of principle for the production of large film capacitors with energy densities approaching that of batteries, 5-100 times that of current high energy capacitors. These “super”capacitors are based on the development of a new, high permittivity, paraelectric, low K-coated high dielectric breakdown strength nanostructured dielectrics demonstrated in laboratory testing (TRL3).

Echo Ridge, LLC
100 Carpenter Drive Suite 100
Sterling, VA 20164
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 437-0404
John Carlson
A11-120      Awarded: 4/1/2012
Title:Clean Electromagnetic Environment (EME) Generation
Abstract:Echo Ridge proposes to develop and evaluate an Intermodulation (IM) Minimization Appliqué (IMA) to operate in conjunction with EPG's electromagnetic environment (EME) generation systems. The IMA provides a menu of IM reduction tools spanning simple and low cost software approaches to advanced high performance hardware intensive approaches, depending on the nature of the generated RF environment and degree of IM reduction desired. This "tool box" approach provides the best opportunity for a solution to be developed in the course of the research that meets cost/performance constraints that may be imposed by EPG. The IMA is designed to be used in conjunction with existing unmodified EME generation resources, and leverages the prototype Virtual RF Environment (VRE) hardware and software design to be delivered under the Phase II VRE SBIR effort (product name DYnamic Spectrum Environment emulator or DYSE) as both an prototype host and test platform. The tools to be provided span simple script analysis in the context of a PA model to predicts IM as a function of frequency and power to complete pre-distortion signal insertion approaches calculated on the fly in digital hardware and implemented at the RF level.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A11-120      Awarded: 4/9/2012
Title:Methodology for Mitigation of Intermodulation Spurious Signals Produced in Electromagnetic Environment Generation Systems
Abstract:To address the Army’s need to greatly reduce the occurrence or magnitude of intermodulation products in electromagnetic environment (EME) generation systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new methodology for Mitigation of Intermodulation Spurious Signals Produced in Electromagnetic Environment Generation Systems (MISSPEL). This proposed approach is based on real time pre-distortion using physics-based models of RF power amplifier nonlinearity along with novel signal processing algorithms. The innovation in the methodology and algorithms will enable MISSPEL to offer over 20 dB reduction in intermodulation spurious signals within the 1 MHz–3 GHz band. MISSPEL offers automated, real-time mitigation of intermodulation products in EME generation systems, which directly addresses the Electronic Proving Ground (EPG) requirements to be readily adaptable to existing RF amplifiers and current EPG operations. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the technical feasibility and technological viability of MISSPEL through hardware and software prototyping. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a hardware field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based prototype and demonstrate to the government the desired performance enhancement.

Applied Signals Intelligence
11501 Sunset Hills Rd., Suite 300
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 463-3305
John McCorkle
A11-121      Awarded: 3/1/2012
Title:Body Wearable Radio Direction Finding (DF) Antenna
Abstract:Significant and growing use of communications, remote sensing and triggering devices by friend and foe are characteristics of modern warfare. The ability to Direction Find (DF) on the resultant radio transmissions is a critical capability. Advances in electronics and battery packs have enabled miniaturized DF processors that are easily hand carried onto the battlefield. However, advances in antenna and RF architectures have not kept pace. As a result, small DF processors are encumbered by relatively large and heavy antenna subsystems with resultant concealment and deployment challenges. The primary challenges for traditional antenna solutions have been imbalances, interactions, and mismatching between small size antenna elements. ASI has developed a novel Dual Port Antenna (DPA) solution for DF that enables hand carry and man wearable systems. The pattern of the DPA becomes more directive as frequencies drop, opposite of conventional antennas, and precisely what is required in man-wearable DF applications where nulls are required to cancel reflections off of the operator. Creating a man-wearable DPA antenna array for a field deployed DF system is the immediate objective of this proposal, followed by broader dissemination of the technology.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1070
James D. Lilly
A11-121      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Body Wearable Radio Direction Finding (DF) Antenna
Abstract:A body-worn radio-frequency direction finding antenna array is proposed to cover the 50-500 MHz band with good gain and antenna patterns suitable for accurate direction finding. The array will be thin and lightweight, and will be integrated into a vest to be worn by a soldier. Feasibility will be demonstrated via computational modeling and the fabrication and test of a proof-of-concept antenna.

AVRYGEN CORPORATION
1001 Crestview Dr.
Millbrae, CA 94030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 640-1917
Randy Goomer
A11-122      Awarded: 2/1/2012
Title:Therapy for Secondary Lymphedema
Abstract:Impairment of the lymphatic vascular anatomy and insufficient lymphatic function cause accumulation of interstitial fluid, leading to chronic swelling of the limbs, or lymphedema. In addition to swelling, the protein-rich interstitial fluid induces an inflammatory reaction, leading to progressive fibrosis, accumulation of adipose tissue, and impaired immune responses and wound healing. In developed countries, cancer therapy, particularly of breast cancer but also gynecologic cancer, is the leading cause of secondary lymphedema. There are approximately 2.4 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. Approximately 42% of breast cancer survivors develop secondary lymphedema within 5 years of their treatment. Lymphedema is a highly prevalent source of morbidity in this country and throughout the world; its treatment interventions are costly, laborious, and of limited efficacy. Currently, there is no FDA approved drug for lymphedema. Thus there is a critical need to develop targeted and efficacious therapeutics for lymphedema. Here we propose to develop and test a novel microsphere based biological against lymphedema which would need to be applied once to produce therapeutic efficacy.

Fibralign Corporation
1230 Bordeaux Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 492-1440
Michael Paukshto
A11-122      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Cell-Seeded Implant for Guided Lymphatic Regeneration
Abstract:Lymphedema, accumulation of lymph fluid in the tissue, is a disabling condition most commonly caused by removal of lymphatic nodes during cancer surgery. There is no cure for lymphedema, and all available remedies are palliative and reduce fluid accumulation by massage and compressive garments. To address the lack of treatment for lymphedema patients we propose to guide lymphatic regeneration by the cell-seeded graft. The graft consists of multi-lumen thread made from aligned Nanoweave™ collagen fibrils by Fibralign patented process, seeded with human lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs). These collagen fibrils closely resemble the native structure of the inside wall of the lymphatic vessel, and provide for cell attachment and alignment. The collagen thread facilitates site-specific cell delivery, enhances the survival of implanted cells. Ultimately, the goal of the LEC-seeded graft is to bridge the gap in the lymphatics caused by surgery. Primary LECs have aligned on the collagen fibrils, and LECs seeded on the thread have demonstrated excellent survival rate after subcutaneous implantation in mice. We propose to standardize the physical properties of the collagen threads by crosslinking and to implant these constructs with and without LEC in mice to test whether the LEC will integrate into the existing lymphatics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A11-122      Awarded: 1/23/2012
Title:Nano-Therapeutics for Secondary Lymphedema
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for a curative treatment for secondary lymphedema that will restore the function of the lymphatic vessel system by stimulating lymphangiogenesis, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Nano-Therapeutics for Secondary Lymphedema (NATSEL). The NATSEL will include a nanocarrier (NC) loaded with VEGF-C and ANG-2, a biocompatible gel to contain the NC and a microneedle patch for transdermal delivery of the therapeutic. The innovations in NATSEL will enable minimally invasive targeted delivery of the VEGF-C and ANG-2 to the lymphatic endothelial cells. The NATSEL modality has minimal toxicity and immunogenicity profiles and is easy to administer. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the NATSEL concept by developing a prototype that can stimulate lymphangiogenesis in appropriate cell culture, resulting in lymphatic endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation and branching. In Phase II, POC plans to demonstrate, optimize, and validate the NATSEL therapeutic strategy in animal models of secondary lymphedema. The FDA approval pathway will be outlined and considered at each developmental stage.

Lifeblood Medical, Inc.
958 Adelphia Road PO Box 295
Adelphia, NJ 07710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 431-5833
Joseph Fischer
A11-123      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Maintenance of Tissue Metabolism for at Least 3 Hours between 20-28oC with an Asanguinous Fluid
Abstract:The problem to be studied is to reduce mortality and morbidity associated with major battlefield wounds and injuries by developing a novel asanguinous, synthetic resuscitation fluid (red blood cell replacement) that can function as a therapeutic oxygen carrier and provide nutrients for the treatment of hemorrhage. Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a significant military and civilian problem. More than half of the US military who die in action do so because of blood loss sustained from a gunshot wound or improvised explosive device. Thus, the importance of a readily available resuscitation fluid during the first hour (“the golden hour”) of hemorrhage is critical in saving our soldiers by extending survivability of the traumatically injured until definitive care can be provided. Hemorrhagic shock will be induced and studied in awake rats at RT; resuscitated with Lifor® or a control solution; and closely monitored until death or reestablishment of pre-hemorrhage mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). Surviving rats at three days will be euthanized. The two study endpoints, time of death and time to reestablish MAP will be indicative of Lifor’s® potential as an asanguinous resuscitation fluid for military use.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Julian Down
A11-124      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Provide Human Reticulocytes for in vitro Culturing of Malaria Parasites
Abstract:The parasite Plasmodium vivax, transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito, is the second major cause of malaria worldwide and the major cause of malaria outside Africa. The infection is characterized by a chronic course of malaria with acute episodes of relapse after months to years of asymptomatic dormancy. Research focusing on P. vivax has been hindered by lack of a practical continuous culture system as the parasite preferentially invades young erythrocytes (reticulocytes), which are difficult to obtain routinely and in high enough numbers. To address this critical need, ChromoLogic, LLC, (CL) proposes to leverage the expertise of its biologists in this area by developing a genetically modified human cell line to acquire essential features that serve as artificial reticulocytes (Art-Ret) so as to provide the Army a consistent, reliable and sufficient number of surrogate cells that are capable of being invaded by the P. vivax malaria and ensure long term culturing of the parasite.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Anya Asanbaeva
A11-124      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Method, Retiply, for Producing Human Reticulocytes in Large Numbers for Sustainment of Continuous Culture of P. vivax
Abstract:Plasmodium vivax malaria is an important factor of morbidity in many regions of Asia and Latin America. Culturing P. vivax has been difficult because of stringent requirements for reticulocytes as target cells. To address the Army’s need for a method of producing large numbers of reticulocytes on a regular basis, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new method, Retiply, for producing human reticulocytes in large numbers to sustain continuous cultures of P. vivax. The method is based on expansion and differentiation of human stem cells to produce reticulocytes, followed by storage until use. The innovation in the integration of reagents and protocols for passaging the cells to induce expansion and differentiation into reticulocytes enables Retiply to produce reticulocytes in high numbers. As a result, Retiply provides competent cells for invasion and sustainment of P. vivax. In Phase I, POC will develop the media and culture conditions and demonstrate the feasibility of producing log9-log10 reticulocytes with hemoglobin >50%. In Phase II, production efficiency will be further enhanced with reticulocyte content of >60% and >50% of reticulocytes as Duffy+. Additionally, the ability of the prepared cells to sustain P. vivax invasion will be investigated at WRAIR.

Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Kathie Berghorn
A11-125      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Multiplex Immunoassays in the Development of Vaccines Against Enteric Pathogens
Abstract:Bacterial enteric pathogens causing travelers’ diarrhea (TD) in developing countries include enterotoxigenic E. coli (50%), Camplyobacter jejuni, Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri, while Norovirus is a common viral cause. High risk regions for TD include areas where US service members are deployed. The rapid identification of immune responses to enteric pathogens would be advantageous to discovering potential vaccine candidates and defining exposures to enteric infections of interest. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) are the current ‘gold standard’ to measure serum antibody titers in response to enteric pathogens. However, ELISAs have significant limitations preventing their application in high-throughput screening of large sample numbers for multiple pathogens simultaneously. The difficulty of multiplexing ELISAs in a single well leads to increased usage of serum sample as well as reagents. Therefore, an assay is needed that can be multiplexed to detect several different pathogens in a single well and requires minimal technician time to perform. In this Phase I, Agave BioSystems proposes to use flow cytometry microspheres in a multiplex assay to determine immunogenicity of candidate vaccines as well as prior pathogen exposure in blood. This novel multiplex microsphere- based assay will cover the most common causative pathogens of diarrhea.

Maxwell Sensors Inc.
10020 Pioneer Blvd., Suite 103
Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 801-2088
Winston Ho
A11-125      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Simultaneous Immunoassay for Multiplex Enteric Pathogens (SIMEP)
Abstract:Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Shigella, Campylobacter, and Norovirus are significant causes of diarrhea and represent significant targets of military, industry, academic, and non- governmental vaccine programs. Thus, an efficient, cost-effective, serum-based multiplex assay platform that will identify vaccine candidates, determine immune responses, and serve as a potent diagnostic tool for epidemiological and clinical studies is needed. Maxwell Sensors Inc. proposes to develop a Simultaneous Immunoassay for Multiplex Enteric Pathogens (SIMEP) based on Barcoded Magnetic Bead (BMB) technology. The proprietary BMB incorporates 128 digital codes and, therefore, can simultaneously identify all diarrhea-causing enteric pathogens in a single sample. BMBs, which utilize digital technology instead of conventional analog methodology, offer unmatched decoding accuracy, excellent fluorescence detection precision and 128 barcodes for multiplex tests. Because of BMB simplicity, reliability, scalability, and exceptionally low cost, this proposed project intends to leverage the multiplex power of this technology to create an assay for simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens in sera.

Creative Light Source
2291 Arapahoe
Boulder, CO 80302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 517-5390
Ken Anderson
A11-126      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Holographic Passive Tracking Hybrid Solar Lighting System
Abstract:To optimally address this HSL for Army expeditionary shelters, we propose two novel innovations: (1) a flat-panel “Passively-Tracking” Solar Concentrator, leveraging our existing Holographic Solar Concentrator technology, to achieve high (>400x) concentration ratios with an ultra-wide (>100°) acceptance angle, mitigating the need for mechanical tracking and efficiently gathering diffuse light in cloudy conditions, and (2) a novel, high- efficiency “Luminary” design, leveraging the advances in weight, cost, lifetime, durability and luminous efficiency of both modern LCD (laptop/TV) backlights and LED downlighting. The overall lighting system is much more compact (<4ft3), light weight, cost effective (<$5k), and easier to deploy than any other known concentrating solar technology. The total system cost for a 20' x 32' expeditionary shelter will be below $5k and the stored volume will be under 4 cubic feet.

Linden Photonics Inc.
1 Park Drive, Unit 10
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 392-7985
Stephen O'Riorden
A11-126      Awarded: 2/8/2012
Title:Energy Reducing, Ruggedized, Solar Lighting System
Abstract:Lighting in deployable shelters is required 24 hours a day and typically there is a greater demand for light during the daylight hours. Linden Photonics proposes the use of fiber optics to create a hybrid lighting system that will be a lightweight, fully passive, easily deployable solar based lighting system. Our system is designed to track the sun with no use of electronics or GPS.

PICO Technologies
821 Lake Port Boulevard Suite G 512
Leesburg, FL 34648
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 360-0696
Hank Johannson
A11-126      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Efficient Lighting System for Expeditionary Shelters
Abstract:This proposes research and development of significantly more efficient lighting systems for military expeditionary shelters than those currently employed, which place an ongoing expensive strain on the power management systems that supply power for lighting, using inefficient florescent bulbs, as well as furnishing power for cooling those hot bulbs, and other onboard equipments. More specifically, two technologies are proposed. First, hybrid solar lighting is proposed, exploiting sunlight falling naturally on the shelters. Sunlight is concentrated, transmitted by fiber optics, and diffused to distribute light to users in the shelters. Second, light emitting diodes (LEDs) are included to provide light when the sun is not shining, or is not shining brightly enough to furnish sufficient power. LEDs use less energy, and do not produce the wasteful heat that florescent bulbs currently employed for lighting do.

Steven Winter Associates, Inc.
61 Washington Street
Norwalk, CT 06854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 857-0200
Ravi Gorthala
A11-126      Awarded: 1/27/2012
Title:Energy Reducing, Ruggedized, Solar Lighting System
Abstract:The DoD management has duly recognized the scope of the energy problem in its operations and has undertaken several initiatives on renewable and alternative energy technologies. However, there are still energy issues that need to be addressed. According to the DoD SBIR 2011.3 solicitation, more than 4,600 gallons of JP-8 fuel is used for lighting shelters in a 600-person base camp. All this energy could be saved by developing a compact, lightweight, and sufficiently ruggedized solar lighting system for military shelters. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. (SWA), an award-winning energy and sustainability small business, considers the development of a fiber-optic solar lighting technology to be a timely opportunity and believes this technology can be adopted to commercial use (artificial lighting energy costs more than $40 billion annually), if cost-effectiveness is achieved. SWA joins Energy Focus, Inc. (EFOI), a leading supplier of energy solutions such as remote-source fiber-optic lighting and LED lighting, in proposing to develop an advanced fiber-optic daylighting system that is compact, light-weight, rugged, mobile and field-deployable by transforming their prototype technology to meet the demanding needs of the military shelter application based on the team’s collective experience in fiber-optic daylighting, remote- source lighting and energy efficient lighting. There are three key components in the fiber-optic daylighting system – solar light concentrator, tracking system and light delivery system comprising fiber-optic cables and a hybrid light-fixture. During Phase I, SWA will design an advanced solar light collector with a two-stage concentrator, and a dual-axis, active, motorized tracking system; EFOI will design the light delivery system with an advanced hybrid light fixture. SWA proposes to utilize advanced polymer composites to develop an overall light-weight and rugged system. The team will also build and test a breadboard prototype system during Phase I to accelerate the development effort in Phase II. The overall performance and cost objective is to develop a reliable, renewable energy lighting technology for military shelters that costs less than $10/ft2 with no fuel consumption during daylit hours.

Ultimara
500 Mansion ct. suite 307
Santa Clara,, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-0081
Salah Khodja
A11-126      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Energy Reducing, Ruggedized, Solar Lighting System
Abstract:We propose to develop an efficient, low-profile, compact, rugged, reliable lightweight and stowable sunlighting system that can operate as a sunlighting daylight solution for shelters. The revolutionary low-profile concentrating tale system, built of simple, durable components that will concentrate sunlight to a large core multimode optical fiber cable at industry-leading efficiencies. In addition, the integration of low-profile trackers with the sunlighting tale enables deployment of sunlighting system in locations that have hitherto been impossible, such as in high wind areas, and on the roofs and facades of shelters. The proposed approach aims at optimizing the sunlighting tale system design and material to enable it to meet the efficiency, cost, durability and ruggedization specifications that a forward fielded military system requires. This is the first time to our knowledge such a sunlighting system design structure is proposed.

Metna Co.
1926 Turner Street
Lansing, MI 48906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 485-1402
Jue Lu
A11-127      Awarded: 1/25/2012
Title:First Generation of Controlled-Release Bacteriocins/Anti-Microbials
Abstract:Food safety has become an increasingly important international concern; it is also a critical issue for the Warfighter who is encountering growing bioterrorism and proliferation of foodborne illnesses. Biopreservation is a technique used to increase shelf life and food safety through natural, biological methods, and could resolve some major food-related issues. Among the wide spectrum of antibacterial products based on microorganisms, the bacteriocins have attracted the greatest attention for food preservation; their use, however, is still limited due to complicated factors, including interaction with the foods, low solubility at high pH, and short shelf life. This project will develop and commercialize a new generation of controlled-release bacteriocins/anti-microbials with nanoencapsulation using biodegradable polymers to advance biopreservation for improving food safety. The project will specifically target effective inhibition of a broad range of spoilage bacteria, pathogens and spores over the extended shelf life of ration components used for military feeding. The following objectives will be achieved in the Phase I effort: i) identification of viable potential bacteriocins/anti-microbials complexes for effective killing of both Gram-negative and Gram- positive foodborne pathogens; ii) development of nanoencapsulated bacteriocins/anti- microbials, and thorough assessment of their antimicrobial activity; and iii) modeling the in- vitro release of nanoencapsulated bacterocins/anti-microbials.

Orbis Biosciences
2002 West 39th Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(913) 945-7796
David W. Dumbauld
A11-127      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:First Generation of Controlled-Release Bacteriocins/Anti-Microbials
Abstract:Combat ration Intermediate Moisture (IM) products use low pH and water content (aw) to discourage bacterial growth. The long-term goal of this proposal is to maintain the microbial stability of ration components over a two-year shelf life while increasing the pH and aw values for an improved organoleptic profile. The specific objective of this Phase I application is to develop microspheres for continuous, controlled-release of Nisaplin over a two-year period using Orbis’ Precision Particle Fabrication (PPF) microsphere encapsulation technology. The incorporation of this time-released system in addition to a one-time injection during initial packaging would allow for higher pH and aw thresholds, providing a safe, high-quality ration platform with improved palatability. First, uniform, Nisaplin-loaded microspheres with three different diameters will be formulated to characterize in vitro release kinetics. Second, through in vitro release testing, the formulation of Nisaplin-loaded microspheres will be optimized to achieve sustained, two-year Nisaplin release. In the Phase I Option, the controlled-release system will be compared to single-dose delivery. The central hypothesis is that uniform, Nisaplin-loaded PPF microspheres will offer a cost- and dose-effective food preservation system with precisely tailored anti-microbial release characteristics to effectively inhibit gram-positive pathogens over the two year shelf-life of the food product.

Nanosyntex
11306 Timber Tech Road Suite B
Tomball, TX 77375
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 516-2585
Vasanth Narayanan
A11-128      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Lightweight Material for Full-Scale Parachutes
Abstract:The main goal of this US Army SBIR Phase I project is to design and develop extremely lightweight, high strength nonwoven fabrics with controllable air permeability which could be used as a replacement for current woven parachute canopy fabrics at reduced cost. Product development trials will be conducted using pilot scale equipment to produce hydroentangled nonwoven fabrics containing nano-scale nylon filaments that are 50% lower in fabric weight compared to the current standard canopy fabrics, such as PIA-C-44378, Type IV. The lightweight nonwoven fabric will be designed and produced in a way to meet or exceed the current specification for breaking and tearing strength, durability, flexibility, chemical resistance, stability to water immersion and air permeability. Additionally, the newly developed nonwoven fabrics for the parachute canopies would be tested to verify the abrasion resistance and light fastness and compared to the current woven nylon fabric. The fabric will be manufactured in the USA to meet the requirements of the Berry Amendment. Phase I nonwoven fabrics will be made using nonwoven processes such as spunbonded, melt blown and spunlaced, utilizing bicomponent and splittable continuous synthetic filaments made of nylon and polyester. The nonwoven fabrics will contain nano-scale filaments for enhanced strength and field durability at reduced fabric weight. Other processes such electrospinning would be studied in Phase I to explore the possibility of making the required canopy fabric containing nano-scale filaments. Apart from monthly reports, a final technical report will be submitted to the sponsor along with 10 linear yards of selected parachute fabrics.

Applied Visions, Inc.
6 Bayview Avenue
Northport, NY 11768
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 759-3903
Ken Doris
A11-129      Awarded: 1/27/2012
Title:Methodologies and Algorithms for Ground Soldier Load and Route Selection Decision Applications
Abstract:This project will develop a decision tool for Load and Route Evaluation for Dismounted Operations (LAREDO). The research efforts will expand upon infantry routing algorithms and decision tools we are developing for the Army’s Geospatial Engineering Center. LAREDO will provide an interactive 3D environment for selecting loads and planning routes to maximize soldier performance for a given mission. In Phase I we will identify the specific METT-TC and OACOK related decisions made by Small Unit Leaders at multiple echelon levels, and the information needed to support them. We will select a subset of those for Phase I development and build a proof-of-concept system that will undergo feasibility testing to allow the Army to evaluate our concept. Phase I will also include plans for verification and validation of the algorithms and techniques during Phase II. Our Phase II efforts will extend and refine the Phase I algorithms and methodologies, incorporate subject matter expert feedback to ensure proper fit with real-world factors, and produce a fully functional, validated Phase II prototype which will be demonstrated in a realistic environment.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 170
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 601-7847
Steve Borkman
A11-129      Awarded: 1/31/2012
Title:Methodologies and Algorithms for Ground Soldier Load and Route Selection Decision Applications
Abstract:Dignitas Technologies’ Phase I approach combines our industry-leading experience with terrain reasoning algorithms with our growing technology suite of tactical decision aids running on mobile and embedded environments. Our Phase I SBIR effort focuses on combining these two threads to develop a common planning and tactical decision aid capability that benefits small unit soldiers. Dignitas has conducted extensive related research for RDECOM, including NSRDEC, which will provide us a strong head start on this SBIR. Dignitas has already developed capabilities allowing complex terrain analysis algorithms to be run on resource-constrained devices. This underlying capability making high resolution geospatial data available to soldiers is a critical underpinning to development of effective methodologies for routing, soldier load, and more. Dignitas can also leverage experience developing routing methodologies for NSRDEC, mobile devices, and major Army computer generated forces applications. This ability to leverage existing work will allow Dignitas to push well beyond requested Phase I scope, including the ability to prototype sample methodology implementations so as to support practical experimentation with SMEs and soldiers on usability and input.

Primordial, Inc.
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy L. Milbert
A11-129      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Ground Guidance®: Load-Based Mission Planning
Abstract:Army small unit leaders face complex tradeoffs when selecting equipment and routes for a mission. Mnemonics such METT-TC and OAKOC summarize many of the factors that soldiers consider, but quickly and comprehensively analyzing these elements is challenging. That is where Primordial’s flagship product, Ground Guidance, comes in. Ground Guidance is patented, fielded software developed under contracts with AGC, CERDEC, PM MTS, DARPA, and USSOCOM that enables soldiers to perform rapid terrain analysis, load planning, and route selection. Primordial has integrated Ground Guidance with Falcon View, Google Earth, Land Warrior, and MTS. In January, Primordial fielded Ground Guidance with the Land Warrior to Special Forces and Army units operating in Iraq and Afghanistan. In September, Primordial received a $3.7M, three-year NSRDEC BAA contract under which Primordial will update Ground Guidance to account for weather, energy expenditure, heat strain, weapon range, chokepoints, and individual load. Under the proposed effort, Primordial will further update Ground Guidance to suggest halt locations, learn travel times, recommend fields of fire, identify avenues of approach, and recognize ambush locations. Primordial will also perform an initial verification and validation round by enlisting three small unit leaders with recent combat experience to assess these new Ground Guidance features.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0672
Jianjun Wei
A11-130      Awarded: 2/1/2012
Title:Harvesting Radiative Energy for a High-Efficiency Portable Battery Charger/Storage Unit
Abstract:The Army’s Land Warrior concept requires a high efficient, portable, day-night continuously functioning battery charger/storage unit (BCSU) that will lessen the Soldier’s load. However, existing energy harvesting technology such as the photovoltaic cell is limited by operational conditions. To meet the needs, we will leverage our newly discovered breakthrough in energy harvesting and deliver a microscale Multiple-Energy Harvester (MEH) that is capable of simultaneously scavenging multiple environmental radiative energy sources, such as thermal and optical radiation, vibrations etc., and converting them into usable direct current electrical energy. Additional major advantages of the MEH technology over existing radiative energy harvesting methodologies include rugged architecture for long-lasting, continuous energy scavenging at various environments for day and night, higher energy conversion, compatible to prevalent MEMS micro-fabrication process for packaging and integration with existing energy storage systems. In Phase I, we will focus on analysis, design and testing components of the micro-MEH device for performance improvement and experimental validation of harvesting energies from a broad spectrum of thermal and photon resources in laboratory. We will evaluate the integration of micro-MEH for its capability and feasibility as a Soldier’s BCSU. A multidisciplinary team with expertise in all aspects of the proposed study has been assembled.

i2C Solutions
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 933-9136
Steven Arzberger
A11-130      Awarded: 2/1/2012
Title:A Graphene Based Radiative Environmental Energy Harvesting Cell
Abstract:To maintain high situational awareness, dismounted Soldiers are making increasing use of soldier-borne electronic devices (e.g., sensors, radios, data devices, etc.). Unfortunately these devices require a considerable number of batteries to maintain their operation during a typical multi-day mission. Ultimately this presents a considerable cost and logistical burden for the U.S. Army while also presenting a physical risk to the warfighter (due to the weight burden). As a result, the U.S. Army has considerable interest in highly efficient and portable energy harvesting technologies. Solar energy has emerged as the leading candidate due to its high degree of portability. However, it has limited efficiency and is only capable of harvesting electromagnetic energy (EM) in the visible light spectrum and thus is unable to provide continuous charging capabilities during the day, night and in inclement weather. As such, the U.S. Army is interested in new radiative environmental energy harvesting technologies with both improved efficiency and the ability to convert EM energy beyond the visible light spectrum into usable electric current. To that end, i2C Solutions propose the development of an entirely new class of radiative environmental energy harvesting devices based on the use of graphene material.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
A11-130      Awarded: 1/25/2012
Title:Broad-Range Energy Collection and Harvesting
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a lightweight, rugged, durable, high-efficiency battery charger and storage unit (BCSU), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Broad-Range Energy Collection and Harvesting (BRECH) technology. This proposed device is based on a new design that uses in-house developed mature technologies and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. The innovation in technology for the antenna fabrication and the material used for power conversion will enable the BRECH system to continuously convert radiative environmental energy into usable direct current (DC), to charge Soldiers’ batteries at a rate of 20 W within five hours (even at night and in poor weather), while weighing less than 2 lb without the battery. As a result, this technology offers a wide spectrum of environmental power harvesting and efficient conversion of this power, light weight, and adaptivity to mass production, which directly addresses the PEO Ground Combat Systems requirements for the BCSU for the Army’s Land Warrior program. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the BRECH concept by the evaluation and demonstration of conceptual prototypes. In Phase II, POC plans to develop, build, and demonstrate a full-scale prototype suitable for limited field testing.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 500
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 942-1171
Norman Geddes
A11-131      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Aviator Mission Tasker of Distributed Unmanned Assets
Abstract:With the advent of glass cockpits in the CH-47F, UH-60M and AH-64D Block III, the Army has recognized the opportunity to control Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) from the cockpit of its manned aircraft. The combined Manned Un-Manned (MUM) team promises to provide the Army aviator with improved situational awareness and mission effectiveness, thereby improving combat outcomes without degrading the mission safety. Typical UAS controls require intensive user inputs to specify the desired mission behaviors. In the cockpit, this presents a high cognitive demand that increases flight risks. MUM team operations need an innovative and effective way to dynamically task distributed unmanned assets that is adaptable by the user community, both at design time and in the cockpit at execution time. Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc. and Georgia Tech Research Institute have teamed to develop adaptive tasking for distributed unmanned assets to improve tactical management of MUM teams. Our approach is called Collaborative Adaptive Tasking System, or CATS. CATS uses a goal-activity-action representation together with a global situation model to provide robust task definition and execution that will create large gains in operational capability for the joint manned UAS team.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Daniel Stouch
A11-131      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:STOCOTA: Software Toolkit for the Operational Control of Tactical Autonomy
Abstract:Army aviation remains critical to the success of military operations, but as technology advances and enemies adapt, its traditional operational concepts must evolve for continued success. Aviators possess a level of situational awareness and tactical insight that makes them good candidates to coordinate unmanned systems during tactical reconnaissance, transport, and attack missions. The integration of manned and unmanned operations is limited by: (1) the cognitive challenges of the operator; (2) the capability to encode tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) for autonomous vehicles; and (3) the adaptability of these to enemies’ changing tactics. To address these issues, we propose a Software Toolkit for the Operational Control of Tactical Autonomy. STOCOTA is a tactical management system for planners to specify, adapt, and validate TTPs that also enables army aviators to effectively employ and coordinate UAVs using encoded and configurable autonomous control instructions (ACIs). Our system consists of: (1) the capability to encode TTPs into autonomous ACIs; (2) a component for aviators to pass instructions to UAVs that support their tactical missions; (3) an ecological user interface with adaptive-complexity; and (4) a simulation component to validate the ACIs and determine if they perform as expected.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas Limbaugh
A11-131      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Aviator Mission Tasker of Distributed Unmanned Assets
Abstract:Kutta Technologies proposes development of an Aviator Mission Tasker Toolkit (AMTT) which affords users the ability to drag and drop logical agent-based features to create a Manned/Unmanned Teaming (MUM-T) application that will interface with modern avionics systems and provide for multi-vehicle unmanned systems control with low cognitive workload. To engineer the system, Kutta teams with world-renowned human factors experts and large company partners. Furthermore, Kutta leverages its in-depth knowledge of RTCA DO-178B processes and procedures to architect a solution that is certifiable in both military and commercial product lines. When complete, Kutta’s AMTT will provide tacticians, systems developers, and aviators the ability to leverage Kutta’s powerful unmanned systems mission and payload planning services. Kutta delivers an architecture for AMTT that is open and supports the addition of other company’s proprietary applications as long as they meet the architectural requirements of modularity and open interfaces. The resulting tool outputs executable software and panel configuration files. A Panel Manager functions in the avionics system and displays the multi-vehicle MUM-T information contained in the configuration files with sound human factors principals in mind. The Phase I work concludes with a simulated MUM-T Apache search and destroy mission utilizing a prototype AMTT.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Ter
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
A11-131      Awarded: 1/24/2012
Title:Aviator Mission Tasker of Distributed Unmanned Assets
Abstract:This proposal is for development of a Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Mission-tasking and Mission-management (DREAMM) for manned-unmanned teams. Our proposed system will support Army system developers, tacticians, and aviators in defining and tailoring cockpit automation, aiding, and tasking associated with mission planning, coordination, and execution to facilitate effective usage of unmanned systems in coordination with manned platforms within an evolving mission context. Our focus will be on creating a design environment in which aids for the aviator to effectively employ sensors and payloads of both air and ground unmanned systems throughout the mission – from planning to after- action review – can be defined, implemented, evaluated, and exported to operational planning and Command-and-Control (C2) systems, both on-board and off-board the aircraft. The aids will include tools that direct UV tactical behaviors, monitor UV status and performance, provide cues to the aviator on actions needed, and provide selective and, adaptive automation to some tasks [Miller and Parasuraman, 2007]. Our development environment will provide checks that keep tactics and tool development within the performance parameters of target systems and produce run-time prototype tools that are interoperable with live and virtual simulation in which to validate proposed tactics and tools.

Applied Radar, Inc.
315 Commerce Park Road
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
William H. Weedon
A11-132      Awarded: 2/16/2012
Title:Affordable Low-Profile Wideband SATCOM Antennas (LPWSA) for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:The proposal will develop multiple design concepts, conduct a trade study, and identify the three (3) most promising concepts for affordable low-profile and wideband satellite communication antennas (LPWSA) with high data rate capability and minimum airstream protrusion for airborne platforms. Specifically, the study will investigate several modified hybrid low-profile antenna array concepts with reduced antenna height and widen coverage range of low elevation incident. The development approaches include (a) two separated broadband antenna system designs for the Ku-band and the Ka/K band and (b) single low- profile ultra wideband antenna design for the above antenna system concepts that cover all- inclusive Ku- and Ka- bands. In either case, the availability and cost of COTs components will affect the choice of the antenna system architecture for airborne SATCOM applications. The threshold of the proposal is the development of a Ku-band antenna for simultaneous transmit and receive satellite communication, with an objective to develop an all-inclusive dual-band Ku/Ka antenna array system. The proposal will first analyze and simulated RF performance of the proposed design concepts through electromagnetic simulation, and then identify risks and approaches for reducing risk toward selecting these design concepts.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Keith Kelly
A11-132      Awarded: 2/22/2012
Title:Low-Profile Wideband SATCOM Antennas (LPWSA) for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:Affordable, low profile SATCOM – On the Move (OTM) terminals are a subject of intense research due to the cost, performance and physical burden of current systems. For airborne ISR platforms like EMARSS and others, SATCOM uplinks using a gimbaled dish on the top fuselage centerline are the preferred means of backhauling large volumes of ISR data. Due to the reasons listed above, alternate SATCOM terminals for Ku-Band (threshold) and Ka- Band (objective) are desired. FIRST RF proposes a Ku/Ka Band terminal that is low profile, offers high gain to close high datarate links, and maintains an attractive cost target. The proposed solution is a hybrid approach: by combining both mechanical and electrical steering, fine pointing accuracy is maintained using affordable technology. The proposed hybrid approach substantially reduces the cost of RF electronics modules, and eases the burden on fine-beam pointing algorithms. During Phase I, FIRST RF will perform full systems design; design, build and test a passive panel; and design, build and test a single active RF module. During Phase II we will produce an active array.

Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation
65 West Street Road Building C
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 675-4900
John Daukas
A11-132      Awarded: 2/8/2012
Title:Low-Profile Wideband SATCOM Antennas (LPWSA) for Airborne Platforms
Abstract:This SBIR is to design, test and manufacture a state of the art, low profile, low drag SATCOM antenna system for millimeter wave Ku and Ka band transmissions from an airborne platform. The concept will enable bi-directional high data rate transmissions capable of handling imagery and communications intelligence in standard Military bands. Multiple design concepts for various individual elements of the overall design will be explored, evaluated and combined into three candidate solutions. These elements range from the antenna design and construction to the use of microwave integrated components and support hardware designed to meet very challenging size, weight, power and MTBF goals. A trade study will then be conducted to identify the most promising concept. The RF performance of the candidate solutions will be calculated and analyzed through electromagnetic simulations. In addition, a risk analysis will then be conducted and risk mitigation methodologies selected for each design. A preferred configuration will then be selected. After selection of the preferred hardware configuration, the units will be packaged in a low loss, low drag housing designed to minimize distortion of either the uplink or downlink to the satellite.

Red River Military Systems, Inc.
3003 LBJ Freeway, Ste. 123
Dallas, TX 75234
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 406-0245
Fabio Grossi
A11-133      Awarded: 2/2/2012
Title:Statically Operated Ramjet
Abstract:The need for greater payload and range for tactical missiles is unsatisfied by current propulsion concepts. Greater payload and range is necessary for increased operational adaptability of Warfighters. The Grossi Statically-Operating Ejector Ramjet (SOERJ) engine combines the high speed performance of a ramjet and low speed, or static performance of a solid rocket motor which results in greater payload and range. Preliminary proof of feasibility is proposed by conducting basic laboratory techniques with an existing sub-scale prototype engine, and by simulating a SOERJ missile through the development of high-fidelity methods and tools. Results expected are a specific impulse greater than 250 seconds, and a thrust-to-weight of greater than 4g at launch with increasing performance to a flight speed of 2.5 Mach. The research will be conducted by the original SOERJ scientist with nine years of SOERJ research experience. Proof of feasibility is expected to generate investment for full-scale demonstrators by acquisition programs.

TELAZTEC LLC
15 A Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 229-9905
Douglas S. Hobbs
A11-134      Awarded: 3/15/2012
Title:Nanostructured High Performance, High Angle of Incidence Anti-Reflection (AR) Treatment
Abstract:Telescope optical sights on warfighter rifles need to be small in size, light in weight, have high optical transmission over a wide spectral range for day and night vision, and perhaps most importantly, exhibit a low visible and near infrared signature. The highly observable flash of light, or glint, reflected from common telescope sights readily betrays the position of even the most skillfully camouflaged soldier. Glint can be particularly severe at night where infrared light reflections are large relative to the environmental backdrop. The wide spectral range and large angle of incidence that gives rise to glint are an ongoing problem for the conventional anti-reflection (AR) technology based on coating multiple thin-film material layers on telescope lenses. Thin-film AR coatings function through the interference of light reflected from each material layer, an effect that varies with the light incident angle, wavelength, and polarization state. An innovative, rugged, single material solution to the glint problem without the practical limitations of thin-film AR coatings is based on surface relief microstructures fabricated directly in the telescope optic material. Such stealthy textures, first evolved in nature in the eyes of night moths and known as “Motheye” by the optics industry, provide a smooth gradation of the lens-air interface, allowing light to propagate without reflection over a wide wavelength and incident angle range. Theoretical models for arrays of AR microstructures (ARMs) predict that such textures can be significantly more effective than thin-film coatings at suppressing reflections out to angles of incidence of 60 degrees and beyond. Recent reflection measurements of ARMs textures fabricated in quartz, fused silica, and glass show that reflected light can be reduced to a level below 0.1% over a huge spectral range spanning the near ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared. With strong interest from ARMY contractors such as Trijicon, Raytheon and Boeing, TelAztec will demonstrate its custom design, broad-band high-angle ARMs textures in several glasses that meet the requirements of military optical sights. ARMs textures on the scale and curvature of telescope lenses will be demonstrated in a Phase I Option effort, and the manufacturing process for producing low cost ARMs textures in existing and future rifle scope optics will be optimized during the Phase II effort and into the Phase III commercialization period.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Lawrence Domash
A11-134      Awarded: 2/28/2012
Title:Low-Cost Nanostructured Anti-Reflection Technology(1001-769)
Abstract:Triton Systems, teamed with a major US manufacturer of optical glass and night vision components, proposes an innovative manufacturing process for anti-reflectance on the front lens surface of soldier optics of all kinds. The new process will reduce glints at large angles of incidence by up to 90% compared to current methods. The new anti-reflectance technology will allow computationally designed nanostructures to be applied to lens surfaces of any radius of curvature or aperture. Phase I will show the feasibility of various elements of the technology including optical performance and abrasion resistance. Phase II will demonstrate a prototype of the full process.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 20600 Gramercy Place, Bldg. 100
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Kolessov
A11-135      Awarded: 3/28/2012
Title:Multilayer Thermally Induced Curl Fiber
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a lightweight, versatile thermal insulation material, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Multilayer Thermally-Induced Curl (MULTIC) fiber. This proposed technology is based on a new approach to manufacturing thermally responsive, variable-loft polymer batting material. The innovation in using “smart” polymer fibers integrated in nonwoven padding mats will enable the new thermal insulation to react in real time to changes in ambient temperature, as well as body heat, to adjust the amount of thermal insulation according to the current weather conditions and the wearer’s comfort. As a result, this technology offers the Army an “all-in-one” protective garment solution that responds instantly to the thermal protection needs of the Soldier, mitigating the need to carry additional layers of clothing and thus reducing the weight and space requirements of the carry load, which directly addresses the Army’s present requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MULTIC adaptive protection by modeling the material response and producing and testing samples of thermally responsive batting. In Phase II, POC plans to manufacture functional garment components and conduct product qualification with full-sized manikins.

EMAG Technologies, Inc.
775 Technology Dr. Suite 300
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 996-3624
Jack Thiesen
A11-136      Awarded: 2/15/2012
Title:Nanosatellite Ground Station Communications Phased Array Antenna
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR project is to develop a man-portable S- and C-band communication antenna that can simultaneously track and communicate with multiple nanosatellites in several planes. We propose a low-cost phased array antenna whose particular design could be adapted to a variety of situations with minimal non-recurring engineering. The phased array architecture will be based on EMAG's PCB-native VISAT technology that utilizes vertical integration of radiating and electronics layers to yield the best size, weight and power (SAWP) performance.

Technovative Applications
3160 - A Enterprise Street
Brea, CA 92821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 996-0104
Don Charlton
A11-136      Awarded: 4/17/2012
Title:Nanosatellite Ground Station Communications Phased Array Antenna
Abstract:We propose to develop a flexible active phased array antenna for nanosatellite communications that is light weight and man-portable. The antenna uses low-cost commercial off-the-shelf components to cover at least two frequency bands in a single antenna. The antenna has a wide electronic scan coverage implemented using digital beamforming performed in a small computer connected to the antenna via fiber optics. The antenna can be set up as a planar array or stretched over a conformal surface for wide area coverage.

Envisioneering, Inc.
5904 RICHMOND HWY., SUITE 300
ALEXANDRIA, VA 22303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 483-4100
Andrew Baronavski
A11-137      Awarded: 2/6/2012
Title:Femto Second Laser Adaptive Optics
Abstract:Ultra-Short Pulse Lasers demonstrate great potential to meet military capability requirements but are typically limited to short range applications. The objective of this Phase 1 proposal is to define, specify and recommend an Adaptive Optics (AO) System for an Army Ultra-Short Pulse Laser which will permit a wider variety of applications with longer ranges of interest to the Army and the DoD. Envisioneering proposes to perform a trade study to determine the cost, availability and time to procure such a system. In order to provide an effective AO system, an intimate knowledge of the requirements for the various applications must be known, as well as, knowledge of the physical processes taking place not only at the target, but also during atmospheric propagation. Other important aspects necessary for a successful system are a technical understanding and familiarity with the state of the art of current USPL technology, an understanding of the various nonlinear processes involving laser-material interactions, experience with the unique issues involving USPL propagation, and an appreciation of the types of systems likely to be fielded for particular DoD missions which determine the required wavelength, bandwidth, repetition rate, pulsewidth and energy of the USP laser system.

Optical Physics Company
26610 Agoura Road Suite 240
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 880-2907
Richard A Hutchin
A11-137      Awarded: 2/13/2012
Title:Adaptive Optics System for Ultra-short Pulse Lasers (USPL)
Abstract:Optical Physics Company (OPC) in cooperation with PM&AM Research is proposing to develop an adaptive optics system that will enable an ultra short pulse laser (USPL) illuminator to operate reliably and with high precision from an air platform at 6,000-20,000 foot altitude at up to 10 km range. A large aperture primary mirror is combined with fast adaptive optics and closed loop range control to overcome the variations in ionization range caused by changeable atmospheric conditions and turbulence-induced filamentation. The larger aperture creates a sharper rise of intensity near the target and allows more accurate control of the ionizing transition. During the base Phase I effort the OPC-PM&AM team will develop an end-to-end system design and verify its operation in wave-optic simulation leading to a Preliminary Design Review (PDR) at the end of the base effort. During the Phase I option a Phase II prototype design will be completed for manufacturing and field testing over several kilometers under a wide range of atmospheric conditions in Phase II. This includes identification of all components and mechanical layouts with an updated performance model based on the hardware parameters of the components selected. The Phase I option will end with a Critical Design Review (CDR).

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 682-1734
Daliborka Stanojevic
A11-138      Awarded: 2/14/2012
Title:Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management
Abstract:Recent cyber-attack incidents along with the dramatic increase of the number and geographic diversity of software and hardware suppliers have exacerbated the complexity of the already difficult challenges of supply chain risk management and mission planning. Mission planning commanders and supply chain managers alike are increasingly dependent on the availability and reliability of individual weapons and devices to succeed in their mission objectives. The aim of this SBIR effort is, therefore, to provide an innovative decision support framework that will reduce risks and boost the likelihood of mission success in the context of the Information and Communication Technology of a supply chain. The DECISIVE ANALYTICS team will accomplish this goal through integration of innovative techniques for product integrity analysis, state-of-the-art mathematical models for comprehensive supply chain risk analysis, and interactive multi-layer visualization tools that will guide a human operator. Our approach will provide the following capabilities: 1) Specification of risk factors based on an innovative product integrity analysis, 2) Mechanism for selection of low-risk components in the acquisition and mission planning process, 3) Mechanism for identification and analysis of the critical products and functionalities, and 4) Visualization tools for easy review of the results of the supply chain risk analysis.

Power Fingerprinting, Inc.
2200 Kraft Drive, Suite 1200 R
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 200-8344
Carlos R. Aguayo Gonzalez
A11-138      Awarded: 2/9/2012
Title:Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management
Abstract:One of the most important aspects in managing the risks in the cyber supply chain is being able to verify the integrity of the different hardware and software modules, as they are vulnerable to cyber attacks at all level of the execution stack and throughout their life cycle. A novel integrity assessment and intrusion detection approach called power fingerprinting (PFP) is capable of extremely accurate and reliable detection of malicious intrusions, unauthorized modifications, and tampering in critical embedded systems. This revolutionary approach monitors the power consumption of digital systems to assess its execution status and detect, with extreme accuracy, when an unauthorized execution has managed to disrupt the normal operation of critical embedded systems. The objective of Phase I is to use demonstrate the ability of PFP to perform integrity analysis in different ICT components at different stages in the system life cycle to support cyber supply chain risk management. For Phase I the selected platform consists of a commercial development board similar in characteristics to a smart phone running the Android Operating System. To achieve this goal we will evaluate different techniques to extract reliable PFP signatures from trusted and alternatives references and use them for integrity assessment.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Adam Barkley
A11-139      Awarded: 6/1/2012
Title:Intelligent SiC-based High Power Density Power Distribution System for Military Ground Vehicle Applications
Abstract:Increasing electrification of the modern military ground vehicle fleet places ever-increasing demand on each vehicle’s electric power generation and distribution systems. The quantity of instrumentation, computing, and electronic weaponry countermeasures systems is rapidly growing, as is their power consumption and need for high power quality. Fast-acting and accurate Silicon-based solid state protection devices have already replaced electromechanical circuit breakers and conventional relaying techniques in many applications. APEI, Inc. proposes to demonstrate that SiC can be used to displace current generation Silicon-based multi-channel power distribution units for military ground vehicle applications by: 1) increasing available current capacity, 2) reducing cooling requirements, 3) reducing volumetric and gravimetric power density, and 4) extending operable ambient temperature range. The Phase I effort will conclude with a demonstration of the APEI, Inc. prototype meeting all electrical program goals by the end of the Phase I effort via a hardware prototype demonstration. The Phase I Option effort will focus on development of the additional features, self-diagnostic capabilities, and an extended CAN communication suite. Additionally, testing of the 16 channel hardware prototype in a realistic temperature environment and with a variety of load transients will be performed during the Phase I Option effort.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Bruce R. Pilvelait
A11-139      Awarded: 4/16/2012
Title:A Modular Silicon Carbide Based Electrical Distribution Unit
Abstract:Upgrades to the Bradley and Stryker vehicles and concepts for a next-generation ground combat vehicle require substantial expansion of the electrical power generation and distribution system. The upgrades must be implemented within very tight spaces, and this requires technology advances such as higher operating temperature and power density and increased interoperability within the vehicle. Creare will expand our previously developed SiC-based power controller, and we leverage our longstanding partnership with one of the leading ground combat vehicle technology providers to the U.S. Army to meet these challenges. During Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a 16 channel, 28 VDC Solid State Electrical Distribution Unit (SSEDU) which operates with ambient temperatures up to 90 deg C and supports current levels up to 1,000 A. Our design uses an innovative thermal management technique to allow operation at very high ambient temperature while maintaining semiconductor junction temperatures which minimize size and maximize lifetime and reliability. During Phase II we will demonstrate a prototype in a high fidelity vehicle test environment. Creare’s SSEDU offers the benefits of higher power density, higher operating temperature, and increased control intelligence when compared to existing designs.

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

DARPA - 11 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

---------- DARPA ----------

11 Phase I Selections from the 113 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Mr. Ron Knobler
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Fielded unattended ground sensors (UGS) are deployed in dangerous areas, where devices are found and stolen by adversaries. Some adversaries have a high level of technical sophistication, which is used to attempt reverse engineering the device found and to attempt to compromise the remaining deployed system. A cryptosystem which provides the capabilities of both public-key and private-key cryptography, is needed to provide both authentication and encryption. However, resource constrained embedded devices found in UGS systems lack the memory and processing capabilities to implement standard public-key algorithms and maintain the associated keys with a large number of devices in the network. McQ has developed an approach using revolutionary cryptographic techniques that provides both authentication and encryption, but on resource constrained embedded devices, without the burden of large amounts of key distribution or storage. This approach will be refined during Phase I by selecting and optimizing the required cryptosystems, applying the approach to UGS systems through a conceptual design, and benchmarking the initial performance of the approach on a representative low SWaP hardware platform.

Revere Security Corporation
4500 Westgrove Drive Suite 335
Addison, TX 75001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 941-1031
Dr. Markku Saarinen
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Lightweight Public Key Algorithms (PKA) for Low Power Environments
Abstract:Revere has conceived a light weight public key algorithm (PKA) named “PASSERINE” that offers a significant improvement in speed, power, footprint, latency and bandwidth when compared with RSA and ECC. On some platforms, we predict PASSERINE will outperform ECC by an order of magnitude in both the footprint and speed of the public key operation. Unlike more conventional PKA solutions, Passerine has provable properties which allow its security to be reduced to integer factorization, a known hard problem, while maintaining superior encryption speed and latency when compared with the RSA and ECC cryptosystems. In Phase I, Revere will survey the PKA technical community to identify credible low SWAP candidates. We will analyze Passerine performance and optimize a configuration for a SWAP environment. We will perform detailed mathematical analyses of strengths and weaknesses, quantify computational complexity, both in space and time, investigate scalability and perform comparisons of PASSERINE with the selected PKA algorithms. Existing laboratory assets will be used where possible to verify analyses. In a Phase I Option, Revere will plan a demonstration, form partnerships, develop a solution and build a plan to demonstrate an integrated low SWAP security solution in a real-world, DoD relevant scenario.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 663-5310
Dr. Thomas Halford
SB113-001      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Networked, Low SWAP Public Key Cryptosystem
Abstract:Existing public key algorithms are ill-suited to low power environments because of their inability to efficiently accommodate multicast transmissions. Specifically, secure t-receiver multicast is typically acheived via t separate secure unicast sessions, each of which requires its own power-hungry key establishment procedure. TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes the synthesis of recently proposed low SWAP PKA implementations with a method by which a group of receivers can generate a private key in an efficient, distributed manner. The resulting networked, low SWAP public key cryptosystem natively supports the multicast traffic patterns that are predominant in tactical networks.

Episensors, Inc.
590 Territorial Drive Suite H
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 226-0080
Dr. Christopher Anton
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:This proposed effort focuses on the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) micro- camera that is capable of identifying targets at ranges of 100 to 1000 meters with a 40 degree field of view, through a collaborative effort between the proposing small business Episensors, Inc. and BAE Systems. Innovative materials and device processing methods developed by the Episensors, Inc. team will allow high performance, low cost HgCdTe detectors to be employed to improve performance over conventional InGaAs detector-based systems while maintaining or reducing detector cost. By utilizing HgCdTe detectors, the camera system developed in this effort will be able to image from 0.8 m to 2.5 m, while InGaAs detectors are unable to image efficiently above 1.7 m. This will allow the proposed system to collect additional signal from both blackbody thermal radiation and nightglow, which will improve the functionality of the camera system. Camera costs will further be reduced by utilizing innovative 3D component integration and wafer- scale optics manufacturing, with a targeted reduction in cost of 10x over traditional SWIR camera systems. These integration and manufacturing process will also allow for an unprecedented fully integrated camera system size of 20 cm3 to be achieved.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-1200
Dr. Ashok Sood
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Design and Development of Wafer-Level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Low cost SWIR Micro-Sensors are needed for a variety of Defense and Commercial Applications. Magnolia proposes to investigate packaging and optics integration for short wave infrared focal plane arrays. This will include assessment of materials and manufacturing approaches amendable to the manufacture of wafer level camera. We will determine optimum array format and pixel size for imaging at a target identification range of 100 to 1,000 meters with minimum of horizontal field of view of forty (40) degrees. We will evaluate the potential to produce a large format SWIR imager with size less than 20 cm3. Perform thermal, mechanical, optical analysis of encapsulation and optical materials to assess compatibility with SWIR FPA manufacturing. We Propose to explore the performance of the SWIR Micro-sensor using SiGe based SWIR focal plane arrays, as a low cost alternative for developing Visible-SWIR micro- sensors that will not require any cooling. The attractive features of SiGe based IRFPA’s will take advantage of Silicon based processing technology, that can promise small feature size and compatibility with the Silicon CMOS circuit for signal processing. Magnolia has an excellent team that includes MIT and DRS Defense Systems of Cypress, California.

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2578
Mr. Mark Owens
SB113-002      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Wafer-level Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Micro-Camera
Abstract:Shortwave Infrared (SWIR) imaging has significant advantages over image intensifiers for low light level applications. Although the low light level performance with SWIR imagers has moved towards parity with image intensifiers, widespread deployment has not been possible because of severe SWaP and cost hurdles. We lay out the technological and manufacturing imperatives required to maintain high performance levels, and make significant advances towards SWaP and cost reductions. These imperatives are broken out into technical objectives spanning Phase I, II and III of an SBIR program. Phase I will focus on using NVESD models to set targets for different aspects of sensor design (pitch, noise, optics, etc.). We will also develop approaches for achieving detector targets for noise and resolution. Reduction of detector fabrication costs through use of 6 InP wafer processing will be assessed. Thermo-mechanical models of encapsulant packaging materials will be developed

DGNSS Solutions, LLC
133 Valley Run Drive
Powell, OH 43065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 937-1993
Dr. George Dedes
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Silicon based Millimeter-Wave (MMW) sparse array radiometer receiver for photonic processing
Abstract:The proposed innovation adopts a hybrid electro-optical approach, which combines the best of the electronic and photonic approaches to achieve high sensitivity, high inter-channel stability, and large-scale integration for an integrated mm-wave receiver. Silicon photonics provides the ideal platform for this as it enables the up-conversion of the mm-wave signals from each pixel to telecommunication frequencies on densely integrated Silicon chips. All of these signals can be efficiently multiplexed and transferred with low-loss optical fiber - greatly reducing the cost, size, weight and power of the overall system while maintaining low noise and maximizing sensitivity. As a result, we no longer need to digitize wideband signal and the optical fibers can be used for information transfer over long distances. Careful frequency planning significantly alleviates the image rejection requirement.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 102
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Dr. Richard Martin
SB113-003      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Silicon Receiver for Millimeter Wave Distributed Aperture Imager with Optical Upconversion
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this chip leverages recent progress in CMOS and SiGe HBT high speed analog circuit design and integrates it monolithically with emerging photonic technology. The end result will greatly reduce the SWaP, cost, and complexity of the system while increasing reliability and performance which in turn will open up new market segments for the technology. In Phase I, we analyze the design requirements and design suitable silicon-photonic receiver ICs. In the Phase I Option, we will fabricate and test the designs by leveraging our in house millimeter wave imaging system optical processors and high speed electro-optic phase modulators that have demonstrated record broad band (DC to >220 GHz) performance. In Phase II we will build an imager using our state-of-the-art modulator technology and optical processors. We will also further simplify the design by integrating the optical phase modulator on the silicon substrate thereby creating a single chip mmW receiver with an optical output.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Dr. Michael Rauscher
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/26/2012
Title:Controlled Burn Using Nanoinfused Insensitive Solid Propellant
Abstract:Future missile systems will need to be faster, more precise, impact a larger theater of operation, and exhibit improved safety for friendly combatants. There are many technology elements that contribute to the desired level of control. In solid propellants, nanoparticle additives theoretically offer attractive improvements to specific impulse, burn rate, and combustion efficiency which can translate to rapid acceleration of the missile, longer flight distances, and higher maximum velocity. Because the nanoparticles are highly reactive, they can be used to dominate combustion behavior and produce a predictable, consistent burn. This requires that the particles be uniform in size and evenly distributed throughout the entire composition. Unfortunately, the gap between theory and reality for implementation of nanoparticles in energetic systems has, until now, hindered their widespread acceptance. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to demonstrate the nanoinfusion process in a relevant binder system to create aluminum nanoparticle-filled binders for advanced solid propellant systems. CRG's demonstrated expertise in materials and fabrication process technologies present DARPA and the DoD with the opportunity to obtain more efficient, lower cost nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for a variety of future tactical missile systems, enabling controlled and regulated burn performance in an insensitive platform.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Mr. Kevin Mahaffy
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:Advanced Research for Controllable, Highly Efficient Rocket Propulsion (ARCHER)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performing and highly controllable solid rocket motor propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS). The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Mr. Gerald Berg
SB113-004      Awarded: 1/30/2012
Title:IM Compliant High Pressure Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS
Abstract:Systima is developing an IM compliant High Performance Green Propellant (HPGP) DACS thruster that operates with a novel non-toxic monopropellant. The monopropellant has a 30% higher density-specific impulse compared to hydrazine, insensitive/ not a detonation hazard, and is commercially available off-the-shelf. In Phase I Systima will focus on development of the propellant feed and injection system, and In Phase II these systems will be integrated into the full thruster design. The Phase II work plan includes a system demonstration with propellant in a workhorse thruster. The result from the Phase I and II programs will be a highly efficient IM compliant DACS system design that can provide fast reaction times (<<10 ms impulse bit) with steady propellant burn characteristics and reliable performance.

---------- OSD ----------

65 Phase I Selections from the 11.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7159
Mark Tullsen
OSD11-CP1      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:PICT, A Tool For Interactively Capturing and Managing Programmer's Intentions
Abstract:The so-called "software crisis" is continuing unabated. It is all too common for a software project to create software that is hard to maintain, inefficient, bug-ridden, late, and over- budget. Software flaws resulting from this current state of affairs are no longer an inconvenience but are the largest source of software security vulnerabilities. Motivated by a desire to increase our ability to reduce software flaws, we propose to add to the software engineer's toolbox a new tool---one that is complementary to existing type checking, testing, and verification approaches---which can measurably increase programmer productivity and decrease software defects. This new tool will interactively capture code properties and allow for the managing, analysis, and display of these properties during software development. The code properties that can be captured by our tool can range from low level code assertions ('p' isn't a null pointer) to high level design decisions (class 'C' is a singleton class). The tool is designed to provide feedback about global analyses of the program, work in real-time, be unobtrusive to the programmer, distinguish inferred properties from intended properties, and minimize programmer input.

GrammaTech, Inc
531 Esty Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Michael McDougall
OSD11-CP1      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:Enhancing Code Awareness in Software Development Environment
Abstract:Most large pieces of software are sufficiently complex that no individual completely understands all of its subparts. In order to make progress, programmers must operate in this environment of incomplete information. In many cases, programmers make poor design and implementation decisions because of a lack of awareness of how pieces of code interact with each other. We propose developing the Code Awareness Assistant (CA2), a virtual coding partner that looks over an engineer’s shoulder and gives extra context while pointing out problems as they are introduced. CA2 will be integrated with the engineer’s development environment, and give the engineer a broader view of the code than is available in contemporary IDEs. CA2 will visualize dependence information, automatically extract key facts about code, and flag common software flaws. This immediate feedback will allow developers to quickly converge on high quality code; security, maintainability and knock-on effects will no longer be afterthoughts. The CA2 will leverage GrammaTech’s proven technology for static analysis, which captures the semantics and structure of software in enough detail to infer critical design elements of the code.

Maya Software, Inc.
11425 charsan Lane
Cupertino, CA 95014
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 252-1808
Doron Drusinsky
OSD11-CP1      Awarded: 5/4/2012
Title:Enhancing Code Awareness in Software Development Environment
Abstract:Unit testing is the prevailing approach used by programmers worldwide to verify their decisions and assumptions on a unit, or module level. Even with the advent of automated unit- test frameworks, a programmer’s knowhow can seldom be shared with other programmers; in addition, no tool alerts to programmer about the concerns associated with his or her on- the-fly programming decisions. Our proposed innovation will enhance unit test frameworks with a sharable learning and pattern-matching tool. The tool will automatically learn from the experience gained by programmers in a group (as manifested by the concerns they addressed in their unit-test suites, e.g. in a buffer overflow related test-suite), and will later direct other programmers to be aware of similar concerns when the tool detects, using pattern matching techniques, that they are manipulating data-structures with similar concerns (e.g., when their code manipulates a buffer it is related to the buffer-overflow concern). Once alerting the programmer to concerns related to his or her emerging program, the tool will also suggest a set of tests developed by other programmers that covers this concern (e.g., buffer-overflow tests). Discovering new related tests will help the programmer to better understand address these concerns.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2444
Alan Carlin
OSD11-CR1      Awarded: 6/5/2012
Title:Higher Automated Learning (HAL)
Abstract:The preparation of training materials is a labor-intensive process. It typically starts with manual task analysis or knowledge elicitation sessions requiring significant time commitments from both training professionals and SMEs. Those products must then be manually transformed into the building blocks for training content development and learning assessment. Clearly it would be of great benefit to automate the development of training materials, and the proposed solution Higher Automated Learning (HAL), represents a first step in that direction. HAL uses a Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes (POMDP) model based on the domain ontology and student performance data to model the learning of the target domain. HAL’s model will feature nodal representations of students’ actual learning states as they progress (or struggle) through the curriculum. Additionally, HAL will automate the definition of metrics and assessments to provide trainees with a sense of where they stand, what their future performance potential is, and what experiences might support more rapid improvement. When fully developed at the end of Phase II, HAL will accelerate and deepen the development of student/trainee models and enable automatic discovery of performance metrics, which identify critical relationships among key constructs and support diagnostic assessments of student states.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Meredith Carroll
OSD11-CR1      Awarded: 6/5/2012
Title:Development of an Approach for Multi-axis Assessment for Diagnosticity Enhancement in Individualized Training (MADE-IT)
Abstract:Design Interactive (DI) proposes the Multi-axis Assessment for Diagnosticity Enhancement in Individualized Training (MADE-IT). MADE-IT will be a trainee model development approach and software tool that will support a user in developing a domain-specific individualized trainee model for integration into an ITS. MADE-IT will enhance current trainee modeling approaches in the following by 1) incorporating a domain-specific performance ontology that will: represent domain knowledge, reason about the elements and relations of that domain, support evaluation of performance and interpretation of data and provide scoring models and criteria for performance, 2) layering on affective state metrics of the learner to understand how emotions, moods, and attitudes are playing into performance and learning, 3) layering on cognitive state metrics of the learner to understand how cognition and limitations are affecting learning and performance, 4) factoring in individual traits that affect learning, such as learning styles and self-esteem, and 5) utilizing a machine learning agent make inferences and predictions about trainee knowledge, skills and learning based on available (and potentially limited) performance and physiological data.

Discovery Machine Incorporated
454 Pine Street Suite 1C
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 329-0251
Todd W. Griffith
OSD11-CR1      Awarded: 6/5/2012
Title:Virtual Observer Controllers for Adaptive Training (VOCAT)
Abstract:This proposal describes how adaptive training for tactical decision making can be obtained through the use of Virtual Observer/Controllers (VO/C), which shall be developed to mimic human observer/controllers (O/Cs). Our objective in this proposal is to use our patented reflection technology to model VO/Cs that can perform the jobs of a human O/C for an Anti- Submarine Warfare Evaluator (ASWE), thus developing an adaptive training solution for ASW that effectively and efficiently individualizes training for trainees by identifying non- optimal instances of state and/or performance, identifying the root cause(s) of issues, mitigating root cause(s) of issues in an appropriate manner, and summarizing trainee status post-scenario via a comprehensive, targeted AAR. The end result is a training system that helps to enable realistic training. Although our approach shall be general, the proposed effort shall focus on the needs of our HIFAST transition partner, with initial focus on the ASWE. The ASWE is critical to operations and targeted for early transition of training. The proposed Virtual Observer Controllers for Adaptive Training (VOCAT) shall leverage work from past efforts in creating domain specific consoles to support instructors in training. We focus on the capture of expertise from instructors and the design of the VOCAT console.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 967-5079
Robert Wray
OSD11-CR1      Awarded: 6/5/2012
Title:Adaptive, individualized training assessment capability (AITAC)
Abstract:The revolution in simulation and virtual technologies for training is enabling learners to practice skills and learn in realistic environments. Researchers are also seeking to develop algorithms that can tailor learner practice to the estimated abilities and needs of individual students, offering the promise of individual adaptation to each learner’s dynamically evolving zone of proximal development. Such systems will likely improve learning outcomes, reduce learner frustration, and mitigate the need for artificial (out of domain) scaffolding. However, such adaptive training requires that a learning environment estimate student proficiency and need as learning progresses and most approaches assume that the primary assessment dimensions are known in advance, which limits the ultimate effectiveness of adaptive training systems. What would be preferable is the ability of the system to assess progress and stumbling blocks within the environment and diagnosis and measure these deficits in terms of dimensions “outside” of the a priori trainee representation. We propose a direct questioning approach, building on domain ontologies and prior work in machine learning of student proficiency modeling, along with dynamic assessment and tailoring, to build a more accurate and more extensible representation of individual trainees.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Sowmya Ramachandran
OSD11-CR1      Awarded: 6/5/2012
Title:Multidimensional Learner Assessment to Support Intelligent, Adaptive Digital Tutors
Abstract:One-on-one tutoring has long been the gold-standard for individualized, adaptive instruction. Intelligent Tutoring Systems are Artificial Intelligence systems that have as their goal realizing the benefits of one-on-one teaching using technology. In order to deliver on this promise, these tutors will need a multidimensional assessment capability that is the mark of the good human tutor. Such a capability is however still under development. We propose to develop and implement a technique for building individualized representations of trainee performance that can be used for a multi-faceted assessment of current performance and to forecast future training needs. Drawing upon research in diverse fields, we will in Phase I both develop an initial model of performance assessment and design techniques for automating this analysis. The model will integrate physiological measurements, psychometric evaluations, and simulations to support assessment and training. When situated within a specific training context, the model will (1) operationalize system performance and (2) define normative behaviors within that context. The assessment system will use a variety of ontological representation and probabilistic reasoning techniques to analyze performance and sensor data into an actionable student model. Phase I will also result in a draft model, Phase II system design and a proof-of-concept prototype.

361 Interactive, LLC
408 Sharts Drive Suite 7
Springboro, OH 45066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 743-0361
Michael J McCloskey
OSD11-CR2      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:C-DAT: The Cognitive Desktop Analysis Trainer
Abstract:The emergence of new technologies in the Air Force GEOINT analyst's arsenal of resources represents an evolutionary advance in potential real-time and forensic analysis capabilities, including more accurate and effective pattern of life development, more timely identification of insurgent networks and cells, and more accurate and targeted products for customers. But with these new capabilities come challenges. The ability to effectively exploit these datasets will be based on an analyst's abilities to understand important contextual factors of the operating environment and sift through massive datasets. Cognitively-based tools are needed to train analysts in optimally exploiting ISR datasets. We will leverage innovative simulation interview and cognitive task analysis methodologies to identify the cognitive challenges associated with conducting effective analyses in complex, uncertain environments. An analyst-centric focus will drive the development of an adaptive desktop trainer to support imagery analysts in better managing their ambiguous and time-critical tasking that flows from irregular warfare. Training modules will support the following objectives: increasing awareness of the importance of understanding contextual factors for intelligence analysis, identifying significant patterns of life, and developing effective, expert- based strategies for making sense of ambiguous analysis tasks. Such concepts will be generalizable across domains where imagery exploitation is critical.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2408
Cullen Jackson
OSD11-CR2      Awarded: 5/9/2012
Title:CREATE: Contextually Relevant Exploitation & Analysis Training Environment
Abstract:Imagery analysts face challenges that complicate their ability to gain and maintain contextual awareness. On the job training provides some instruction but tends to focus too much on the specificities of the domain. When analysts view imagery that deviates from that domain, they tend to make mistakes such as mis-identifying equipment or failing to recognize patterns of enemy activity. Aptima, Inc., and its partner Rickard Consulting, propose to develop the Contextually Relevant Exploitation & Analysis Training Environment (CREATE) to train analysts to exploit static and full motion imagery across a variety of contexts. CREATE is an innovative adaptive training system that accelerates contextual learning by constructing individualized training programs. As analysts progress, the system identifies exercises which will accelerate the student’s acquisition of contextual expertise based on an understanding of prior performance. Training through the CREATE system will be grounded within the analyst’s typical workflow, so that the same system can be used for both training exercises and mission rehearsal. In addition, it will integrate with SCORM-conformant LMSs. To support the content authoring processes, CREATE will monitor how students respond to content and use advanced modeling techniques to classify and update content difficulty profiles based on observed student performance.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Ranga Narayanaswami
OSD11-CR2      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:ISR-IT: Adaptive Desktop Trainer for Imagery Analysis Based on Contextual Factors
Abstract:The analysis and interpretation of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) imagery data is a key driver of actionable intelligence. With the current operations, being primarily in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is important for us to understand the cultural, environmental, behavioral, economic factors in the interpretation of ISR imagery. A number of scenarios exist where the ISR imagery can be potentially misinterpreted, leading to unintended civilian casualties as well as mission failure. Scientific Systems Company Inc. (SSCI) proposes the development of a desktop trainer for ISR imagery analysis based on contextual factors. The proposed ISR Imagery Trainer (ISR-IT) will allow the incorporation of scenarios where context plays a crucial role in interpretation of imagery. ISR-IT will be able to ingest EO and IR video streams and incorporate a game and simulation Engine. We will use a learning management system to adapt to an individual in presenting an ISR scenario. We will use an interactive user interface to show EO and IR imagery (via video and simulation) and provide for a varying menu of contextual factors. We will design ISR-IT to incorporate into a larger system with capability to accept scenario inputs and simulation inputs.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
John A. Berger
OSD11-CR2      Awarded: 5/10/2012
Title:Adaptive Desktop Trainer
Abstract:Developing an adaptive desktop trainer to effectively train imagery analysts is crucial for executing precise intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions that rely heavily on the exploitation of full motion video (FMV). Typical training environments for aerial platforms include using low fidelity simulated FMV data, archived FMV data taken from prior missions, or live, small scale experiments with aircraft flown in representative environments with threat actors. Often, such training measures are cost prohibitive and require heavy logistics for execution and assessing analyst performance. Toyon Research Corporation proposes a compact Desktop Trainer that incorporates video containing ground truth information, sophisticated ISR algorithms to aid analysts, an advanced learning management system (LMS), geographic information system (GIS) environment modeling for incorporating context evidence, and adaptive training material for an innovative approach to training Imagery Analysts. Toyon’s Desktop Trainer will be designed to incorporate evolving mission concepts of operation (CONOPS), as well as analyst collaboration and wide-scale ISR missions. Imagery Analyst performance will be validated using a Training Scorecard tool that incorporates lessons learned from the training regimen.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2451
Michael Garrity
OSD11-CR3      Awarded: 3/16/2012
Title:Simulated Operational Communications and Coordination Integration for Aircrew Learning (SOCIAL) Tool
Abstract:As the Air Force responds to high demands for Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) operations, devices and strategies for effectively training Pilots and Sensor Operators are likely to increase in importance. While simulation-based training has evolved in recent years, the majority of attention has been directed towards training piloting skills. Current tools and devices for preparing RPA crews lack a robust ability to realistically simulate the complex communication and coordination interactions with the ISR community. Thus, a Simulated Operational Communications and Coordination Integration for Aircrew Learning (SOCIAL) Tool, an adaptive, data-driven, model-based communications simulation tool, with performance measurement capabilities, is required to provide RPA crews with the relevant training experiences necessary to develop the critical communications and coordination skills required for their evolving missions and continuous operations. The SOCIAL Tool will be designed in a way that supports integration with existing RPA crew training devices. When fully implemented, the SOCIAL Tool will address a critical gap in current RPA training.

Lumir Research Institute, Inc.
301 East Fairmont Drive
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 773-5241
Lisa Holt
OSD11-CR3      Awarded: 3/20/2012
Title:RPA Simulated Operational Communications and Coordination Integration for Aircrew Learning (SOCIAL)
Abstract:Lumir proposes to build the RPA SOCIAL System, a training supplement providing realistic communications between RPA crewmembers and other mission-relevant entities in simulation-based training environments. The RPA SOCIAL System will enable RPA crewmembers to train as they will fight—in a task-saturated, high-tempo environment where they interact with various entities as they control the aircraft and its sensors to accomplish mission objectives. At the heart of the SOCIAL System are SOCIAL Beings, capable of conducting realistic and appropriate interactive communications with RPA crewmembers. Instructors use the SOCIAL Director to build customized SOCIAL Being behaviors (without expert domain knowledge) for insertion into existing training scenarios. The SOCIAL Director uses information about training objectives, trainee performance and scenario complexity to guide the instructor in the enhancement of future scenarios so that they are appropriately adapted to meet trainee needs. The architecture is simulation agnostic so that SOCIAL Beings and the SOCIAL Director can be used in any HLA/DIS-compatible simulation environment. Although initial development will be focused on the RPA domain, the SOCIAL System can easily be adapted to operate with simulators in any domain by adding new SOCIAL Beings or enhancing their behaviors to encompass a wider range of situations.

ORION International Technologies, Inc.
2201 Buena Vista Dr. SE Suite 309
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 998-4000
Paul Hamilton
OSD11-CR3      Awarded: 3/20/2012
Title:RPA Simulated Operational Communications and Coordination Integration for Aircrew Learning (SOCIAL)
Abstract:To provide effective communication and coordination training to Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) crewmembers, we propose a prototype adaptive training communication environment using our T-BORG simulation and integration framework to incorporate new and pre- existing intelligent agents and synthetic teammates at various levels of fidelity. The problem addressed is that simultaneous monitoring of multiple mIRC chat windows creates a potential for high workload, and the resulting asynchronous communication impacts coordination. These coordination breakdowns can, in turn result in the loss of a high-valued target or a failure to detect an emerging threat. Our system will address this by allowing multiple entities to interact in a complex, time sensitive scenario. Phase I will deliver a prototype system that demonstrates an adaptable architecture that simulates multiple chat windows, monitors performance, and increases the chat workload in response to this performance. The system will initially draw upon CERI’s UAV-STE but will be designed to connect to a number of simulation environments. Phase II will incorporate higher fidelity analytic and behavior subprograms with provision for substitution or addition of other code.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3792
James McCarthy
OSD11-CR3      Awarded: 3/27/2012
Title:RPA Simulated Operational Communications and Coordination Integration for Aircrew Learning (SOCIAL)
Abstract:The DoD is facing significant challenges in training Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) crews. At the same time that the popularity of RPAs is increasing and the need for qualified crews is skyrocketing, airspace restrictions and limitations in simulators are making it increasingly difficult to offer effective training opportunities. To help the DoD meet these challenges, Sonalysts and our teammates are proposing to develop the REmotely Piloted Aircraft Synthetic Tutor (REPAST). REPAST is based on three innovative pillars. First, the event- based approach to training provides a theoretically rigorous and empirically validated instructional foundation. Second, interactions with members of the broader Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) community will be simulated by synthetic agents that use natural language processing to communicate with RPA crew members. Third, intelligent tutoring techniques are used to assess performance, provide feedback, and control task saturation, scenario difficulty, and curriculum progression.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
410 Jan Davis Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 380-5001
Jake Borah
OSD11-CR4      Awarded: 4/4/2012
Title:Integrated Adaptive SCORM, HLA and DIS Compliant Learning Content Management System
Abstract:AEgis Technologies proposes in this Phase 1 project to develop a functional description document to define and document a framework capable of incorporating meta-data element enhanced SCORM conformant learning objects into a LMS to enable the delivery of challenging and motivating training tailored to an individual’s needs. The Phase 1 architectural framework will ensure individuals receive relevant training and feedback based upon established mission essential and training task listings. The architectural framework will be developed to monitor the performance of an individual, to adaptively manage the presentation of training material, and to evaluate the training level of an individual. Open standards technologies such as XML, http, DIS, and HLA will be used to provide a scalable and extendable architecture which can be commercialized in a cost-efficient manner. Phase II work will build a proof-of-concept prototype that will demonstrate capabilities of the Phase 1 architectural framework.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2449
Emily Wiese
OSD11-CR4      Awarded: 4/27/2012
Title:Adaptive Training Manager (ATM) system
Abstract:Traditional Learning Management Systems (LMSs) provide many beneficial capabilities to instructors and training organizations, mostly focused on course management in computer based training (CBT) rather than content learning. Similarly, simulation-based training is increasingly implementing the use of adaptive training methods to support more efficient use of valuable trainee and simulator time, yet lags behind other types of training in the management of the resulting performance data. Because CBT and simulation based training are often considered separately, there is little consideration of how to maximize trainee learning across instructional methods. A holistic look at trainee performance data management and use is needed to capitalize on advances being made in all areas of training and to integrate best practices and technologies currently used in both CBT and simulation based training. Aptima proposes to develop the Adaptive Training Manager (ATM) system, a module that resides between an LMS and the training systems. The ATM system will integrate the state of the art in LMS technology, performance measurement methods and tools, and adaptive simulation based training methods and technologies in order to guide the selection of training environment, the selection of available course materials, and the optimal scheduling of team training exercises.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Michael Graul
OSD11-CR4      Awarded: 4/4/2012
Title:Framework for Adaptive Learning CONtent Management Delivery (FALCON)
Abstract:Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) proposes to research, design, and demonstrate a Framework for Adaptive Learning CONtent Management Delivery (FALCON). FALCON will include the following innovative capabilities (1) training content management and content delivery using multiple training modes and at multiple levels of fidelity; (2) automated and adaptive training performance assessment and testing mechanisms; (3) adaptive and dynamic multi-modal training content refinement based on measured learner deficiencies; and (4) compliance with training system standards including SCORM, HLA, and DIS. The proposed Phase I effort will (i) establish requirements for hybrid learning content design, assembly, and delivery for Air and Space Operations Center intelligence officer training, (ii) establish methods for combining Computer Based Training with Simulation Based Training, (iii) establish architecting approaches for combining SCORM-compliant training with HLA- DIS-compliant training; and (iv) design and demonstrate a proof-of-concept of the FALCON technology. The Phase II project will design and demonstrate a focused and scalable FALCON learning management training application.

Tier 1 Performance Solutions, LLC
6 East 5th Street Suite 400
Covington, KY 41011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 663-2115
Stu Rodgers
OSD11-CR4      Awarded: 4/20/2012
Title:Competency-based Adaptive Training System
Abstract:TiER1 Performance Solutions proposes to develop CATS (Competency-based Adaptive Training System), a system to address common warfighter training needs in the Air and Space Operations Center. A major goal of this effort is to prepare warfighters for mission readiness by integrating a Learning Management System (LMS), which delivers personalized content and learning events as needed and provides continuous evaluation of performance; a Learning Content Management System (LCMS), which maintains a catalog of learning and assessment opportunities; and a Competency Management System (CMS), which manages various domain-specific competency models and learner proficiency ratings. At the core of the CATS solution is a competency-based framework that is leveraged into learning objectives. These learning objectives are continuously evaluated while a learner is engaged in the system, enabling the dynamic creation and adaptation of learning paths to accelerate or remediate based on the trainee’s measured performance and proficiency goals. The design of CATS is a flexible system that incorporates the learner's previous experience, training, and proficiency in an organized way to efficiently prepare them for new career or mission goals.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Michael Farry
OSD11-DR1      Awarded: 6/12/2012
Title:A Toolkit for Understanding Social Signals in Local Environments (TUSSLE)
Abstract:Increasingly, tactical personnel such as CoISTs, are responsible for making qualitative judgments of local conditions, or “atmospherics,” to provide insight to decision-makers in their unit as well as in higher echelons, despite a high op tempo and limited training. Tactical personnel must identify, correlate, and fuse dynamic, sparse sociocultural signals (“weak” signals) hidden within large, disparate data sets to recognize potential social disruptions or threatening conflicts. To help CoIST staff in forecasting alerts from weak sociocultural signals from diverse data, we propose to design and demonstrate a Toolkit for Understanding Sociocultural Signals in Local Environments (TUSSLE). TUSSLE incorporates a wide diversity of data, uses a hybrid approach to modeling that can specifically consider each data type, and expresses its outputs to meet the unique needs of the CoIST. TUSSLE is composed of four main components: (1) an Interactive Data Collection Tool to aid the CoIST in querying the various available sources; (2) a Sociocultural Indicator Measurement Tool to link weak signal observations to higher-order sociocultural meaning; (3) a Sociocultural Visualization Tool to represent results; and, (4) a Forecast Assessment Tool that enables the CoIST to represent and communicate the uncertainty (and the sociocultural context causing that uncertainty) to decision-makers.

TerrametricsLLC
4102 Woodbine Street
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 606-8104
Gregory van der Vink
OSD11-DR1      Awarded: 5/24/2012
Title:Contextual Sociocultural Reasoning in Weak Signal Environments
Abstract:Successful military actions are becoming increasingly dependent on the compatibility of the military actions with the sociocultural and environmental context in which they occur. The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the scientific merit and feasibility of a decision- making aid that will reveal the sociocultural characteristics most relevant for evaluating the possible success or failure of potential military operations and provide early warnings of emerging threats. We propose a methodology based on principles of signal processing, to generate probabilistic assessments of the potential outcomes, vulnerabilities, and risks for various operations. Our integrated approach to multi-disciplinary data analysis will provide the ability to detect and amplify “weak signals” – sociocultural characteristics of a population that are not readily apparent in any single set of observations but that may be predictive of military outcomes or serve as early warnings of emerging threats. TerrametricsLLC will use its substantial database on Sub-Saharan Africa for this proof-of-concept analysis.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 552-6116
Jared Freeman
OSD11-DR2      Awarded: 6/21/2012
Title:VICTR-E: Visualizations for Integrating, Communicating and Tracking Reasoning Electronically
Abstract:As recent military missions make clear, intelligence gathering at the company level and below is essential to obtaining critical information about the socio-cultural environment. To accomplish this goal, there is an urgent need for tools to support the collaboration among these lower echelon operators in the task of collecting and analyzing socio-cultural information. Effective collaboration requires the communication of not just the findings of an analysis, but also the chain of reasoning that produced them. To address these needs, Aptima proposes to develop VICTR-E: Visualizations for Integrating, Communicating and Tracking Reasoning Electronically. VICTR-E will enable Company Intelligence Support Teams (COISTs) to inspect the range of intelligence data available to them, group related reports together, and develop graphical hypotheses or arguments that can be shared with analysts at higher echelons. Collaboration between COISTs and data gathers at the small unit level is also facilitated by VICTR-E through interactive mechanisms that allow rapid dissemination of collection requirements and retrieval of responses. Additionally, VICTR-E will support collaboration among COISTs though a workspace where analysts can create custom representations of the entities and complex relationships found in cultural data.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Alexander Gee
OSD11-DR2      Awarded: 4/11/2012
Title:Collaborative Visual Exploitation and Reasoning Tool (COVERT)
Abstract:Company intelligence support teams (CoISTs) must successfully collect, analyze, report, and disseminate soft information from numerous heterogeneous sources through a variety of software applications, all while collaborating with other CoISTs and Battalion intelligence officers. To support these analysts, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Collaborative Visual Exploitation and Reasoning Tool (COVERT). Four core components characterize our approach. First, we will enable CoIST analysts to exploit soft information by building COVERT on an extensible knowledge representation framework that supports the presentation and fusion of heterogeneous information sources through a single point of access. Second, we will enable the presentation, manipulation, and reasoning over multiple sources of information by providing analysts with an integrated view of the data through a set of advanced, human-centered display tools brought together within a tailorable information environment. Third, we will support collaboration between analysts by providing a work environment that supports real-time information sharing and manipulating via a collaborative visual analytics system. Fourth, we will assess the feasibility of our approach by designing and implementing a demonstration prototype in Phase I and defining an evaluation plan to more thoroughly assess our approach in Phase II.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2408
Cullen Jackson
OSD11-DR3      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Real-time Analysis of Motivation and Behaviors for Operations (RAMBO)
Abstract:With the sharp rise in asymmetric warfare over the last decade, our military’s focus has shifted from a standard, kinetic military approach to much more complex missions, stressing counter-insurgency (COIN) and Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations. These new types of missions have pervasive effects at strategic, operational, and tactical levels, and affect decisions at every echelon of command. In addition to the ongoing operations in Iraq and Afghanistan that have been responsible for this shift, the recent uprisings in the Middle East – referred to collectively as the Arab Spring – further illustrate the likelihood of military operations in countries, such as Libya, where pre-conflict intelligence gathering is minimal and rapid collection and integration of information across disparate social-cultural data sources is imperative. Operators require tools that will enable them to easily visualize and compare these different data sources and draw conclusions that are most appropriate to their specific information requirements. Aptima proposes to develop Real-time Analysis of Motivation and Behaviors for Operations (RAMBO). RAMBO is a visual analytics environment that supports planning, decision making, and analysis. RAMBO is an intelligent dashboard to help analysts visualize multi-source information, collaborate and coordinate, and link high-level and low-level data.

Intelligent Models, Inc.
9710 Traville Gateway Drive
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 401-9746
Yuri Levchuk
OSD11-DR3      Awarded: 6/14/2012
Title:Visual Representation and Implementation of Culturally Significant Information for Enhanced Tactical Decision-making
Abstract:The success of U.S. Army’s military and SSTR missions often hinges on the ability to understand HSCB dynamics of the theater of operations. More broadly, understanding of different socio-cultural terrains is the key to US national security. The costs of cultural ignorance or miscommunication--be it lost lives, major political mistakes and embarrassment, or lost opportunities and profits--are too large and too frequent to keep ignoring cultural differences. To promote rapid acquisition and effective use of relevant HSCB knowledge, we propose VISTA (Visual analytics for Intuitive Socio-cultural Terrain Awareness), which provides: (1) tool sets for visualization and analyses of HSCB data; (2) intuitive, clear, interactive representations of HSCB data; (3) automated analytics and translation of HSCB insights to decision-support products for different operational planning levels; and (4) evaluation of metrics to explain effects in relevant operational context. VISTA integrates two unique frameworks: (A) spatial-temporal visualization and navigation of latent dimensions of HSCB terrains; and (B) 4D data model of HSCB systems, scenarios, and interventions. It utilizes converging research findings from brain sciences, human psychology, psycho-linguistics, and advanced computing to operationalize the socio-cultural system-of-systems theory into clear, compact models of information processing, cognition, behaviors, and societal and trans-national effects.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Ter
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
OSD11-DR3      Awarded: 6/20/2012
Title:Visual Representation and Implementation of Culturally Significant Information for Enhanced Tactical Decision-making
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a Cultural Information and Value Visualization System (CIVVS) that will provide new and powerful tools for analyzing, selecting, and visualizing critical cultural factors and applying them immediately in the context of military tactical planning. By integrating multi-dimensional visualization of culturally significant information with decision analytical modeling that imbeds cultural factors, CIVVS will enhance the quality and speed of tactical decision-making in foreign, culturally unknown and untried, and potentially hostile environments. CIVVS will support the visualization of tactically significant cultural information and values. It will do so by innovatively integrating and enhancing two sets of support systems previously developed Perceptronics: The first for cultural data acquisition and the second for tactical planning and decision making. Furthermore, CIVVS will include three visualizations that show how these information types interact with one another and with planning and decision making: (4) Visualization of a course of action as a region within a cultural space; (5) Visualization of cultural schemata or narratives can be visualized as causal networks; and (6) Visualization of uncertainty regarding the cultural impact of a candidate COA by representations in cultural value space. All six displays will be designed for both perceptual and cognitive usability.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Michael Farry
OSD11-DR4      Awarded: 6/29/2012
Title:A System for Human-Rendered, Evidentiary Data Discovery and Entity Resolution (SHREDDER)
Abstract:Counter-insurgency (COIN) and irregular warfare (IW) missions have placed an emphasis on the role of tactical intelligence. Increasingly, tactical personnel such as Company-Level Intel Support Team (CoIST) members are responsible for assessing situations, providing insightful intelligence reports to higher echelons, and providing decision-relevant intelligence to their commander. The understaffing and undertraining of the CoIST results in two primary deficiencies: ineffective data gathering, and subsequent ineffective analysis based on the data sets that are available. To support the CoIST in performing more effective data gathering and analysis, we propose to design and demonstrate a System for Human- Rendered, Evidentiary Data Discovery and Entity Resolution (SHREDDER). Our solution is composed of two main elements. The first component is a Data Discovery Tool that employs collaboration support concepts from social media to enable CoIST personnel to identify the decision-relevant data scattered among databases and the mental models of other personnel. The second component is an Entity and Event Resolution Tool that enables personnel to collaborate visually to associate heterogenous and uncertain collected data in the intelligence analysis process. The structure provided by the Entity and Event Resolution Tool matches the unique needs of the CoIST, wherein a variety of information producers and consumers can each contribute dynamically.

Intelligent Models, Inc.
9710 Traville Gateway Drive
Rockville, MD 20850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 401-9746
Yuri Levchuk
OSD11-DR4      Awarded: 5/29/2012
Title:Building Semantic Knowledge of Large Data Sets through Collaborative Visual Approaches
Abstract:Human Social and Cultural and Behavior (HSCB) models are increasingly used to provide critical support to US military decision making. HSCB models are highly reliant on data; they need data from many sources, types, and areas of human behavior. The concomitant data streams have variable data quality and are constantly changing. Despite these challenges, HSCB applications may need near real-time access to relevant knowledge to make rapid decisions. To promote rapid acquisition and effective use of relevant HSCB knowledge, we propose SELMA (Semantic Exploration of Large Multi-modal Archives) which automates the processes of: (1) semantic cross-modal exploration of HSCB archives (to link people, events, objects, knowledge, and actions); (2) data-mining to fill gaps in information, resolve uncertainty, and classify behaviors and events; (3) mission-critical HSCB knowledge discovery; and (4) binding and visualizing the captured HSCB insights and semantic knowledge. Together, these components allow SELMA to offer a solution to HSCB data needs that: (1) collects, stores, and analyses mission-critical HSCB insights, (2) works autonomously for extended periods of time, and (3) actively reasons over the regional Human Terrains. SELMA dynamically creates an HSCB knowledge meta-network, explores concepts, discovers relationships with certain properties, and carries out versatile on-demand analyses.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Perakath Benjamin
OSD11-DR4      Awarded: 4/3/2012
Title:Semantic Framework for Collaborative Analysis and Knowledge Exploration (CAKE)
Abstract:Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) proposes to design and demonstrate a semantic framework for Collaborative Analysis and Knowledge Exploration (CAKE). CAKE will provide the following innovative capabilities (1) Automation support for semantic tagging from multi-source text, image, and geospatial data; (2) Ontology-driven approach for semantic tagging and knowledge integration from text and image-derived tags; (3) Automation support for semantic knowledge discovery using sense making strategies, (4) Interactive visualization to support collaborative sense making and shared situational awareness . The research addresses critical technical voids that (a) limit the ability to exploit knowledge embedded in multi-modal data and (b) limit the ability of end users to make sense out of tagged text and image data in a manner that supports effective decision making. The Phase I effort will (i) establish requirements for collaborative sense making from tagged multi-modal data, (ii) formulate techniques for fusing tagged text data with tagged image data, (iii) design a method for collaborative sense making for enhanced situational awareness, and (iv) design and demonstrate CAKE technology. Phase II will build a focused military application of the innovation and rapidly transition the technology for large scale use.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 458-5963
Robert Woodley
OSD11-DR5      Awarded: 5/17/2012
Title:Fusion with Uncertainty Reasoning using Nested Assessment Characterizer Elements (FURNACE)
Abstract:Situation/threat modeling and threat prediction require higher levels of data fusion to provide actionable information to the warfighter. Beyond sensor data and sources the analyst has control over, the use of out-sourced and re-sourced data are becoming more common. However, the current data fusion techniques do not account for the potential bias, ambiguity, and uncertainty in these other sources. Furthermore, despite the perception that the fusion process is sequential, work in human situational awareness has shown otherwise; a more nested approach is required. 21st Century Systems, Inc. proposes Fusion with Uncertainty Reasoning using Nested Assessment Characterizer Elements (FURNACE). FURNACE utilizes nested fusion loops building higher levels of information fusion without losing sight of the potential weaknesses of the underlying data. FURNACE uses advanced technologies in information filtering and reasoning to provide the levels of fusion. These reduce bias, disambiguate, and fill gaps in the data. FURNACE handles uncertainty through an innovative evidential reasoning technology that provides the necessary data to the analyst, such that they can account for the pedigree of the information supplied as it is aggregated and fused. And, with our excellent commercialization record, we are the company most likely to field this capability to the warfighter.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2404
Jennifer Roberts
OSD11-DR5      Awarded: 4/18/2012
Title:Towards Integration of Data for unBiased Intelligence and Trust (TID-BIT)
Abstract:To expedite intelligence collection process, analysts reuse previously collected data. This poses the risk of analysis failure, because these data are biased in ways that the analyst may not know. Thus, these data may be incomplete, inconsistent or incorrect, have structural gaps and limitations, or simply be too old to accurately represent the current state of the world. We propose the Towards Integration of Data for unBiased Intelligence and Trust (TID-BIT) system for characterizing the sources of error and bias specific to human-generated intelligence. TID-BIT will implement a novel Hierarchical Bayesian Model for high-level situation modeling, threat modeling, and threat prediction that allows the analyst to accurately reuse existing data collected for different intelligence requirements. By quantifying the reliability and credibility of human sources, TID-BIT will be able to estimate and account for uncertainty and bias that impact the high-level fusion process, resulting in improved situational awareness

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Avi Pfeffer
OSD11-DR5      Awarded: 4/18/2012
Title:Bias Formulation, Characterization, and Learning (BIFOCAL)
Abstract:A key challenge to higher level information fusion is fusing data originally collected for disparate tasks. Although much data may be available, data collected for a particular task may not be well suited to subsequent tasks because it embodies biases inherent in the original data collection process. A major challenge to applying data to a new purpose is understanding and correcting for biases in the data. To address this challenge, we propose a tool for Bias Formulation, Characterization and Learning (BIFOCAL). BIFOCAL uses deep learning to detect and characterize the biases in a dataset, thereby better enabling the data to be fused with other data to accomplish different purposes. Our approach is based on the idea that even biased data contains useful relationships, but we must have a deep understanding of the data. To accomplish this understanding, we will perform a systematic study of biases in complex and machine-generated data and use deep machine learning to build models of data sets and data generating processes as well as their target applications.

Data Fusion & Neural Networks, LLC
1643 Hemlock Wy
Broomfield, CO 80020
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 469-9828
Christopher Bowman
OSD11-DR5      Awarded: 4/18/2012
Title:Innovative approaches to Situation Modeling, Threat Modeling and Threat Prediction
Abstract:The DF&NN team is composed of Christopher Bowman, Charles Morefield, Alan Steinberg, and Ed Waltz. We will develop methods to model and characterize the quality of data that has been ‘re-purposed’ for fusion applications. We will develop algorithms useful to High-Level Information Fusion (HLF), primarily the areas of situation modeling, threat modeling, and threat prediction. Our algorithms will specifically address bias and uncertainty when data sources include non-numeric qualitative measurements. Our focus is on methods that automatically learn to characterize such re-used/re-purposed data, thereby avoiding expensive off-line manually constructed data and model transformations. The HLF design will apply the Dual Node Network Data Fusion & Resource Management (DF&RM) technical architecture. We propose to cost effectively construct models of bias and error which will over time provide estimates of these errors. Technical objectives are: 1. Scenarios that expose appropriate HLF design and data uncertainty issues to fusion system development. Ontologies will include red/blue force strategies/tactics representing military/political Courses of Action 2. Multi-model approach to L2/3 HLF providing situation modeling, threat modeling, and threat prediction. 3. Develop algorithmic approaches for modeling re-purposed data, especially estimating biases and errors. 4. Deliver a software architectural design for HLF, using the DNN DF&RM technical architecture.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Terry Patten
OSD11-DR6      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:Cloud Infrastructure for Retrieving and Refining Information from Sensors (CIRRIS)
Abstract:A wealth of sensor data is available to address the information needs of tactical Warfighters. However, this data resides in diverse, large, remote data stores. Delivering actionable information to the Warfighter requires discovering the relevant sources, retrieving relevant information, integrating the data so that it can be fused, and performing level one fusion. Since the preoccupied Warfighter cannot coordinate this workflow manually, it must be automatic. We propose a novel cloud infrastructure that orchestrates semantic discovery, retrieval, and fusion of information from diverse distributed sources. This effort addresses the technical challenge of applying map reduce processing to data that is external to the cloud and that is discovered (so the workflow required to integrate it cannot be known in advance). An innovative integration of semantic web service composition and map reduce processing is proposed. This combination of semantic technology and distributed processing will provide tactical Warfighters with the information they need, and provide it quickly.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5015
Jonathan Day
OSD11-DR6      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:Discovering Valued Information in a Cloud Environment (DVICE)
Abstract:In combating terrorism, Warfighters must monitor at risk individuals and groups. The data sources needed to monitor such entities can consist of military sensors as well as open source literature. Key data types include unstructured text, audio, imagery, and biometric data. Currently, there does not exist a way to run specific searches in response to a tactical information need against large distributed data stores. DAC proposes a system called Discovering Valued Information in a Cloud Environment (DVICE). DVICE provides a framework to correlate, fuse, and exploit key observations which have been extracted from distributed data sources (text, imagery, and biometrics) in order to provide a consolidated and correlated knowledge product to the Warfighter. DVICE is based on the Hadoop cloud computing platform.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4241
Onur Savas
OSD11-DR6      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:Discovery and Inform¬ation Retrieval from Distributed Multi-INT Data Sources in a Cloud Environment
Abstract:In recent years data intensive processing is beyond the capability of any individual machine and requires clusters, which means that massive data problems are fundamentally about organizing computations on dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of machines. This is exactly what MapReduce does, and the challenge is really how we can exploit MapReduce to bring valuable information to the Warfighter, for example, in combating terrorism to monitor at risk individuals and groups. In this proposal Intelligent Automation Inc. proposes a multi- layer workflow, initiated by Warfighter questions (plus metadata), which invokes other services, implemented as MapReduce processes in a Hadoop-based ecosystem. This workflow ends back at the Warfighter’s PDA, where ranked meaningful information is presented as a result of a data fusion process, with the system’s end goals being accuracy and speed. We also propose many improvements to the Hadoop kernel including dealing with bottleneck Map jobs, improvements for iterative (as opposed to parallel) tasks, and tandem parallel databases-Hadoop operations.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Yatin Pandit Patil
OSD11-DR6      Awarded: 4/26/2012
Title:Cloud Based Critical Knowledge Retriever (CKR) for a PDA
Abstract:Effective information sharing services across the networked assets can provide a systemic benefit to DoD. The scale and complexity of DoD information enterprise and unavailability of user friendly access mechanisms makes optimal use of intelligence data difficult. UtopiaCompression proposes a cloud based Critical Knowledge Retriever (CKR) for PDA's. The system will use the capabilities of cloud computing to aggregate relevant information and provide it to the warfighter to help understand the surroundings and the people in it. Our proposed approach allows soldiers with portable devices to efficiently consult remote information services for critical information. Location based summarization will provide warfighters with multiple types of data, e.g., images, text, biometric information, and other unstructured data. UC's proposed architecture leverages well-known technologies such as Hadoop and FrameNet for data redundancy and improved Quality of Service (QoS). The Phase-I effort will include design and evaluation of the proposed CKR system for realistic scenarios.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9371
Zeeshan Rasheed
OSD11-DR7      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:Video Data to DDMS Cards
Abstract:In this SBIR proposal, ObjectVideo proposes an automated video content analysis system that ingests video and sensor data from a multitude of video sensors and produces meta information representing their contents in the form of modified DoD Discovery Metadata Specification (DDMS) cards. The human and machine-readable DDMS cards provide a compact representation of targets, their attributes, trajectories, and scene elements which are combined with the context of mission goals and specific needs of a warfighter in order to identify and retrieve video clips of most relevance. A GoogleEarth like map-based user interface allows interactive query input and result visualization to operators on desktop computers and handheld devices. The entire system is built upon a Service Oriented Architecture to ensure cross platform functionality, interoperability and scalability. To achieve these goals, ObjectVideo leverages its decade long experience of developing real-time intelligent video surveillance software and situational awareness systems. While the capabilities developed under this project will greatly enhance the automated dissemination of ISR video data, ObjectVideo envisions that they will also benefit its commercial software for image analysis and video event retrieval.

SEMANDEX NETWORKS, Inc
5 Independence Way Suite 309
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 454-0448
Daniel Reininger
OSD11-DR7      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:Video Data to DDMS Cards
Abstract:The advances in Unmanned Vehicles (UAV) technology as well as in video technology have made it possible to record a large volume of video images from regions of interest. Cameras placed in UAVs enable to obtain more information for use by counterinsurgency operations. However, for this information to be integrated into the analysis system, the data that comes from these videos has to be translated into expressions that can semantically connect to priority and specific intelligence requirements. Currently, only a few expressions from the video populate the DoD Discovery Metadata Specification (DDMS) cards used to bring the information to the search and analysis system. Furthermore, creating these expressions requires in many cases that a human annotates frames on the video since there is no automatic process by which data from a video image automatically generates the metadata on the DDMS card. During Phase I, our team will investigate the feasibility of automatically generating the DDMS-structured metadata from video analytics and from additional contextual information for representative video files.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu Nguyen
OSD11-DR7      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:A Real-time Semantic Video Parsing and Tagging System
Abstract:Video sensors have undoubtedly become important sources of intelligence in the modern warfare to provide battlespace situational awareness. However, burgeoning numbers of battlespace sensors and the sheer volume of collected video data make it very difficult for battlefield decision makers to grasp a global picture of developing events as well as to detect specific events in real time. Video data need to be made available to users and systems across DoD through the Discovery Metadata Specification (DDMS) set as the common format for a wide-range of DoD data assets. UtopiaCompression (UC) proposes a novel real-time semantic video parsing and tagging (SAVANT) software system to help decision makers effectively process information from live streaming videos so as to accurately and timely respond to the development of battlespace events as well as conduct forensic analysis on archived video to satisfy warfighter priority and specific intelligent requirements. Innovative intelligent video analytics algorithms are employed to extract in real-time video metadata through automated object detection, recognition, context-based scene parsing and event recognition, and to generate DDMS compliant video content description representation. The proposed software will help to improve the successes rate of intelligence gathering missions as well as to reduce manpower requirements.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6069
Anqi (Angie) Fan
OSD11-EP1      Awarded: 4/5/2012
Title:Electrical and Thermal Coupled Fast SiC Device Model for Circuit Simulations
Abstract:Silicon carbide (SiC) based devices are currently under investigation for their improved efficiency and high thermal stability. Compared to silicon, SiC has an exceptionally high thermal conductivity and also exhibits better mechanical properties. However, limited research has been performed on SiC device-level model development that can be used for developing circuit level designs. In many cases, thermal effects and other physics are neglected during circuit design because the current methods are too computationally expensive to be practical. In high power/high frequency devices, significant heat generation is caused by interactions between the energetic electrons and the lattice. The electrical behavior of the devices is therefore altered due to the coupling of electrical and thermal characteristics. Unrealistic simulation results are generated when the temperature change is not considered simultaneously. The proposed program will develop a hybrid of physical and tabular models for silicon carbide (SiC) high-powered devices for fast and accurate circuit simulation. The primary Phase I objective will be to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed SiC-based device model and the ability of integrating the device model into fast circuit models.

CoolCAD Electronics
5000 College Avenue Suite 2103
College Park, MD 20740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 405-3363
Siddharth Potbhare
OSD11-EP1      Awarded: 6/6/2012
Title:Computer Aided Design Platform for Silicon Carbide Power Electronics
Abstract:Silicon Carbide (SiC) electronics has the potential for revolutionizing the high temperature high power electronics industry. There is a strong need for tools and models for circuit design using the new SiC power devices that are coming to market. Our work in this project will focus on developing analytical models for the newly commercially available SiC power MOSFETs that will then be used for design of efficient power converter circuits. We will extend our strong background work on developing complex device models for SiC power MOSFETs to analytical SPICE-type models that capture the unique physics of SiC devices, while at the same time can be used to simulate the electrical and thermal performance of a complex power converter circuit. The first phase of this project will focus on detailed measurements of the SiC power devices, developing SPICE models for the DC and transient behavior, and testing of key circuits for model verification and calibration. This effort will lead in to a more comprehensive Phase II work in which we will focus on coupled electro-thermal modeling and development of a SiC power system computer aided design (CAD) tool.

United Silicon Carbide, Inc
7 Deer Park Drive, Suite E
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-0550
Petre Alexandrov
OSD11-EP1      Awarded: 4/18/2012
Title:Silicon Carbide Device Model Development for Circuit Simulations
Abstract:During this program, United Silicon Carbide, Inc. (USCi) will develop compact SiC power device models, prepare them for industry acceptance, and gain support of the models from commercial simulator suppliers. In Phase I, we propose to develop an initial compact circuit model for a 4H-SiC power MOSFET that will accurately describe device performance in the temperature range from -40°C to 250°C. The model will be based on a standard SPICE MOSFET model that will be expanded to include parameters reflecting the SiC device physics, thus allowing more accurate and robust electrical representation of the device in circuit simulation. In Phase II, we will fully develop the Phase I model to include electrical, thermal, mechanical, and material parameters that will allow 4H-SiC power MOSFETs to be used in system level modeling applications. We will also develop similar models for JFETs and Schottky diodes to be able to model different power system topologies. In Phase III, we will provide models commercially and achieve industry adoption through industry standards organizations (Compact Model Council and Global Semiconductor Alliance) and collaboration with commercial system vendors.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 769-8423
Gustave Anderson
OSD11-IA1      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Enterprise Anti-exploitation for Mission Assurance
Abstract:Supply chain threats have invalidated the assumption that the adversary has no reasonable avenue of attack even if the software protections are structured properly and augmented with secure hardware. In today’s cyber-attack environment, one must assume that a subset of systems are or will be eventually compromised. Luna proposes a fault tolerance, federated cloud computing architecture supporting design separation for high reliability and information assurance. By leveraging a hybrid fault model with multiple, parallel execution paths and resultant execution trace comparison, Luna has created an architecture that identifies suspect nodes and assures trusted execution. Further, the model architecture can be scaled through proactive thread diversity for additional assurance during threat escalation. The solution provides dynamic protection through distributing critical information across federated cloud resources that adopt a metamorphic topology, redundant execution, and the ability to break command and control of malicious agents.

Siege Technologies, LLC
33 South Commercial Street
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 215-1018
Joseph Sharkey
OSD11-IA1      Awarded: 4/25/2012
Title:Anti-Exploitation Software Protection Systems
Abstract:State-of-the-art software protection and anti-tamper systems move critical software and data “out-of-band” to the adversary, by using a hypervisor or on “secure” hardware. Unfortunately, the systems running this software are built using untrusted commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) parts. Supply chain threats to critical components, such as hardware or firmware Trojans, have invalidated the assumption that we can move our critical software and data completely “out-of-band” to the adversary, since the hardware components on which the software ultimately executes is untrusted. As a result, one must re-think the fundamental approach to building software protection and anti-tamper systems. Siege Technologies proposes a methodology and system to address these concerns on a COTS system, or a system composed of COTS parts. Our solution is specifically designed to augment existing software protection mechanisms, shielding them from attack by malicious hardware alterations. The research and systems design conducted in Phase I will shed new light on the problem space and establish new protection capabilities that guard against this threat and enable the system to run protected code in the presence of potentially compromised hardware.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Terry Patten
OSD11-IA2      Awarded: 5/8/2012
Title:Adaptive Deception using Linguistic Inference of Behaviors (AD-LIB)
Abstract:As cyber attacks become increasingly and more effectively targeted, so must our cyber defenses become less “one size fits all.” We need to develop active defenses that can adapt themselves to an attack in progress. This development will require not only improvements in our detection capabilities but also techniques to engage and out-game attackers. If we can develop robust models of attacks and attacker behaviors, we can then infer an attacker’s intentions and likely next moves. Most importantly, we can use this knowledge to our own advantage though use of targeted deceptions—the more we can lead an attacker down paths of our own making, the more we can delay and deter him, and the more we can gain valuable insight into his mission—what he believes he is accomplishing and why. We propose to research, design, and demonstrate a strategy and architecture for Adaptive Deception using Linguistic Inference of Behaviors (AD-LIB). AD-LIB uses techniques from natural language processing (NLP) and specifically systemic functional grammar (SFG) to generate targeted software deceptions to coax intent information from cyber attacks and attackers based on real-time understanding of their goals and most-probable next moves.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7216
Adam Wick
OSD11-IA2      Awarded: 7/3/2012
Title:Deceiving the Deceivers: Active Counterdeception for Software Protection
Abstract:DoD operations and infrastructure increasingly depends on software, which makes it an attractive target for our adversaries. Not surprisingly, deception plays a central role in most cyberattacks. To better protect these critical systems, we propose to design and build an “active counterdeception” software protection system which we call CYCHAIR that both incorporates the right sensors, and enables the right mind-set for its operators. CYCHAIR consists of two complimentary technologies. The first piece the ability to easily generate large numbers of reusable, extensible and highly reconfigurable decoys. These decoys serve multiple purposes: first of all, they serve to increase the adversary’s workload while confusing them as to the manner and location of the real targets. Secondly, they serve as intelligence gatherers, recording all the adversarial interactions. These records are fed to the second piece of the system, an inference engine we call LAIR (Logic for Adversarial Inference and Response). These inferences can be used to automatically trigger dynamic reconfiguration of the decoys (to further frustrate and slow down the adversary), and used as recommendations to the human-in-the-loop for additional active responses to the attack.

Sentar, Inc.
315 Wynn Drive Suite 1
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 430-0860
Al Underbrink
OSD11-IA2      Awarded: 6/4/2012
Title:Software Deception as a Countermeasure to Attacks on Software Protection Systems
Abstract:An advanced strategy and architecture for software deception is proposed. The proposed research and development leverages a DoD SBIR Phase I contract awarded in 2009. The original project performed a feasibility assessment and early design of an architecture for providing software deception. Leveraging the prior work provides an opportunity to reach deeper into the concepts and challenges in using deception for software protection. Extensions of the previous work focus on the control of a distributed software protection system on an end node. Further development of the software deception concept employs a game theory approach for experimenting with, and implementing, deception strategies. The extensions to the architecture and infrastructure enable more sophisticated deceptions which can be used to promote a greater understanding of an adversary’s strategies and tactics. This understanding of adversaries in turn enables the development of more adaptive software protection systems.

Smart Information Flow Technologies, d/b/a SIFT
211 N 1st St. Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 789-0559
Dan Thomsen
OSD11-IA2      Awarded: 4/26/2012
Title:ADEPT: Advanced Deception Enhancing Protection Technology
Abstract:The proposed ADEPT technology combines the science of cognitive psychology with centuries of magicians' practical performance experience to create a new science of deception for computer security. The ADEPT approach learns about the motives and real-world attributes of people by analyzing their cognitive processes based on their reactions to specifically designed stimuli. The resulting technology forms an additional protection layer that defenders can quickly integrate with any protection system. The ADEPT technology identifies adversarial intent and thought processes, finds real-world attributes to identify the adversary, delays the adversary, and gives defenders information that they can use to increase security. ADEPT represents a new direction in proactive software protection that learns about the adversary executing an attack and adapts its defenses accordingly.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
6011 West Courtyard Drive Bldg 5, Suite 300
Austin, TX 78730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 682-4719
Igor Frolow
OSD11-IA3      Awarded: 4/12/2012
Title:Identification of Critical Resources and Cyber Threats in the Physical Domain
Abstract:Military organizations, civilian government agencies, and private companies are all undergoing an unprecedented growth in cyber attacks targeting their information infrastructures and causing serious disruptions to their operations. To date, much attention has been paid to determining ways to defend the information networks and preserve information flow. Clearly, there is an insufficient amount of resources to provide this protection and so it becomes necessary to determine the criticality of the network assets and activities to preserving the mission, even in the face of cyber and/or physical attacks. To address this problem, 21CT is proposing the Asset Threat Analysis Capability (ATAC), a system dynamics modeling approach that will represent the cyber and physical networks used to accomplish one or more military missions. The model will consist of the key assets and activities and the interactions needed to satisfy military objectives. It will give military planners a capability to analyze these assets and activities using the ATAC model as a “what if” tool to determine the effects of disrupting a particular activity on one or more military missions.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0792
Adam Langdon
OSD11-IA3      Awarded: 5/14/2012
Title:Identification of Critical Resources and Cyber Threats in the Physical Domain
Abstract:With the increase in net-enabled warfare, network security will continue to be of critical importance to the DoD. Efforts to protect against intrusions have resulted in effective detection systems that can aid in network protection. However, another type of serious threat is the attack on the physical infrastructures that provide these critical network capabilities. One of the key challenges in addressing this problem is identifying the physical infrastructure on which a virtual network depends. Characterizing these elements and mapping them to cyberspace assets cannot be done solely through existing network tools. OSD is seeking techniques to analyze this data and automatically identify vulnerabilities, points of failure, or other critical risk areas. In response to this need, Edaptive Computing, Inc. (ECI), proposes DECYPHER, a research and development effort that will result in a unique and commercially viable innovation to assessing cyber vulnerabilities from physical infrastructure analysis. Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the solicitation; we will develop and deploy tools, methods, and models for detecting threats to cyber systems through the physical domain. The resulting capabilities will result in new techniques for analyzing and visualizing physical risks and their impacts on critical systems.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Perakath Benjamin
OSD11-IA3      Awarded: 4/24/2012
Title:Cyber-to-Physical Domain Mapping Toolkit for Vulnerability Analysis and Critical Resource Identification Enablement (CEPHEID VARIABLE)
Abstract:Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) proposes to develop a Cyber-to-Physical Domain Mapping Toolkit for Vulnerability Analysis and Critical Resource Identification Enablement (CEPHEID VARIABLE) that enables military analysts and enterprise infrastructure management stakeholders to perform vulnerability assessment of cyber-physical systems. CEPHEID VARIABLE is an application framework that enables the acquisition, representation, storage, mapping, vulnerability and dependency analysis of information linking cyber and physical resources, and supports both static and dynamic vulnerability analysis.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
Jeff Walrath
OSD11-IA3      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:INCITE: Innovative Cyber/Infrastructure Threat assessment Environment
Abstract:TDKC proposes the INnovative Cyber/Infrastructure Threat Assessment Environment (INCITE) as part of this SBIR call. Our Phase I concept includes: (1) the collection and processing of publically available infrastructure data to include roadways, gas pipelines, electrical grids, water lines, telecommunication lines, and other data (as available); (2) the prototyping of automated clustering, filtering data attribution, and ontology tagging tools to translate raw infrastructure data into a common malleable format; (3) the prototyping of analyst data tools that process the attributed infrastructure data to highlight potential areas of concern; and (4) the integration of all capabilities into an innovative mashup-like decision support tool. Our approach ensures an operationally focused Phase I concept that is effective, demonstrable, and most of all operationally practical. Our goal with INCITE is to automate critical time-consuming tasks that are well-defined elements of the overall infrastructure analysis workflow. INCITE is an open-source, standards-based framework that integrates with existing OSD/AF resources and environments.

3 Sigma Research, Inc.
503 S. River Oaks Dr.
Indialantic, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 674-9267
Michael Tulloch
OSD11-IA4      Awarded: 5/18/2012
Title:Cyber Security High Abstraction Contextual Visualization and Decision Support System
Abstract:3 Sigma Research investigates and develops an advanced innovative Tangible User Interface (TUI) that provides a novel operator interface for real-time operator manipulation of the cyber environment. This TUI provides a highly abstract physical embodiment of the complex cyber environment, that commanders and controllers can touch, visualize, and recognize patterns. This kind of manipulation of objects within the TUI enables a new paradigm of on-the-fly control of autonomic systems. One of the key advantages of our envisioned system is that by mapping the cyber domain into a tactile and physical representation, humans can effectively and efficiently apply human pattern recognition to the analysis and response to cyber attacks never before possible. The use of pattern recognition to solve problems has sometimes been called “intuitive” or reactive decision making. Intuitive decision making draws heavily on pattern recognition derived from previous experience. Thus the mapping of the domain into the representational space is critical to both aid comprehension and support application of prior experience. Reading is like telling; graphical displays are like showing; our approach is involving. Our approach allows operators to make more accurate, faster, and more trustworthy decisions.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
Kenneth J. Mosher
OSD11-IA4      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Decision Assistance, Visualization, and Intuitive Natural Control Interface (DAVINCI)
Abstract:Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) proposes the Decision Assistance, Visualization, and Intuitive Natural Control Interface (DAVINCI), a system that provides decision assistance through a multi-level topic-mapped knowledge base, abstract visualization of situational and metric data, and high-level abstract control of manually initiated and autonomic response protocols through a tangible user interface that utilizes physical control tokens in combination with multi-touch gestural input. In situations where information rapidly shifts context (such as during net-enabled spectrum warfare, or cyber security analytic operations), the metrics used to evaluate the situation are highly dynamic, to the point that existing technologies do not provide an optimum solution for presenting a visualization of the relevant metrics and situation evaluation data to the user. DAVINCI uses a topic-mapped knowledge base to process sensor inputs, determine the current situation, select only the metrics and response protocols relevant to that situation, and present that data to the user in a clear, concise manner. DAVINCI then allows the user to manage autonomic and manually-initiated response protocols using a tangible user interface wherein the user manipulates physical tokens in conjunction with multi-touch gestures on a touch-sensitive display and control device. These visualization and control capabilities can be customized and expanded via plug-in modules that implement the DAVINCI API. The DAVINCI solution is particularly suited to the cyberspace security and net-enabled spectrum warfare domains, but as a customizable software framework solution, DAVINCI can be applied to any problem domain where reduction of data unnecessary to the given situation and abstracted visualization and control capabilities are desired.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
OSD11-IA4      Awarded: 5/22/2012
Title:Tangible trustworthiness for mixed-initiative network defense (T2-MIND)
Abstract:Cyber defenders must interact with a variety of diverse feeds and explore network information in many abstract contexts. Unfortunately, existing digital tools provide poor affordances for the perception and manipulation of critical metrics of network trustworthiness, unnecessarily complicating the network defense task and increasing cognitive workload. To address these challenges, we propose to design, demonstrate, and evaluate a system for Tangible Trustworthiness for Mixed-Initiative Network Defense (T2-MIND). T2-MIND will improve the efficiency and efficacy of network security by providing novel, tangible controls and interfaces that merge the intuitive affordances of physical control objects with the power of modern digital systems. Three main components characterize our approach. First, we will use demonstrated cognitive systems engineering methods to identify metrics of trustworthiness that are useful to cyber defenders in a dynamic, adversarial network security environment. Second, we will capture these metrics through tangible user interface controls that extend the physical affordances of security tools and provide high-visual-momentum displays that reduce the cognitive workload of cyber defenders moving between abstract representations of network status. Third, we will use an iterative design approach to develop prototypes that capture the underlying cognitive work, analytical tasks, and workflows specific to cyber defenders.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Ronald Fernandes
OSD11-IA4      Awarded: 5/18/2012
Title:Advanced Visualizations and User Interfaces for Cyber Situational Awareness (ADVICE)
Abstract:Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI), along with their research partner SA Technologies, Inc. proposes to design, assemble and demonstrate an innovative experimental framework to develop capability for Advanced Visualizations and User Interfaces for Cyber Situational Awareness (ADVICE). The ADVICE framework is a suite of tools in an extensible framework that support the use of newer computer-human interaction technologies and newer visualization paradigms to maximize the situational awareness (SA) of the cyber system that is being monitored. ADVICE will contain interface abstractions that allow for new input paradigms such as Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs) and Tactile Output Interfaces (TOIs) that will be powered by relevant SA-oriented design (SAOD) principles that include SA requirements analysis such as Goal-Directed Task Analysis (GDTA). Additionally, ADVICE will allow a cyber SA designer to derive measurements that yield metrics relating to the computer-human experience. As a result, the cyber SA designer can ascertain which user interfaces are more effective under different situations.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Dean Mumme
OSD11-IA5      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:Program Instruction Sequence Monitor for Hijack Detection and Proactive Zero-day Defense
Abstract:Numerous malicious means have been developed for the hijacking software program execution to gain unauthorized access and functionality on computer systems and network nodes. The techniques are many and varied, but generally fall into the framework of placing a pointer to an execution location into a program’s normative execution path, in order to cause a jump to the targeted location for subsequent execution. To address this critical need, Broadata Communications, Inc. (BCI) proposes the Program Instruction Sequence Monitor (PRISM); a robust, accurate, and efficient mechanism of deterministically detecting program hijacking. PRISM provides hijack detection that is out- of-band to attack. It does not require virtualization technology but can (optionally) leverage virtualization it to enhance robustness against attack. The key advantages of PRISM include: (1) Insensitive to replay attacks, (2) Efficient performance in comparison with dynamic tainting, (3) No need for source code, emulation, or instrumentation of the executable, (4) Works even in the presence of an executable stack, or writable code area, (5) Monitoring mechanisms are robust and out-of-band to attackers in user space. PRISM can respond to zero-day attacks, and can greatly enhance existing military, governmental, and industrial cyber-security systems.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0782
Nicholas Kovach
OSD11-IA5      Awarded: 5/6/2012
Title:Deterministic Detection for Hijacked Program Execution
Abstract:Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the solicitation; we will develop software and system protection tools for monitoring the execution of untrusted software in large complex networks. This includes attacks which may be present in software applications used within the DoD (e.g. buffer overflow, code injection, rootkit patching, etc.). The proposed EDAptive® DeforcE solution builds on previous Edaptive Computing, Inc. (ECI) knowledge and technology – itself innovative – to provide detection and reporting of software based attacks. The resulting capabilities will result in innovative compiler technology, along with a software monitor, to determine if anomalous behavior (i.e. an attack) has occurred in the execution of the application.

GrammaTech, Inc
531 Esty Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 273-7340
Thomas Johnson
OSD11-IA5      Awarded: 5/14/2012
Title:Deterministic Detection for Hijacked Program Execution
Abstract:We propose technology to automatically detect software exploits that hijack the execution of a running Linux kernel or one of its hosted applications. The key enabling technology for the proposed work is provided by KATE, the Kernel Analysis and Translation Engine. KATE uses a combination of software dynamic translation and hardware virtualization to provide fine- grained, efficient monitoring of an entire system. We propose to use KATE to enforce execution invariants on a running system. Violations of the invariants will indicate that the system is under attack.

Zephyr Software LLC
2040 Tremont Rd
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 284-3002
Clark L. Coleman
OSD11-IA5      Awarded: 5/6/2012
Title:Preventing Program Hijacking via Static and Dynamic Analyses
Abstract:Control flow hijacking occurs when an attacker overwrites a control-flow data item (e.g. return address or function pointer) to take control of the execution of a program. We propose to detect and prevent hijacking by using a low-overhead per-process dynamic run-time virtualization monitor, called an SDT (software dynamic translator) to make shadow copies of control-flow data items each time they are initialized or updated, and detect overwriting changes that occur between initialization and use. A static analyzer that operates on program binaries will help identify all control-data items, and reduce run-time overhead by identifying control-data items that are provably safe (not susceptible to overwriting between initialization and use). Remedial actions to be taken when attempted hijacking is detected will not be limited to program termination; program recovery techniques will be studied and designed.

21st Century Technologies Inc.
6011 West Courtyard Drive Bldg 5, Suite 300
Austin, TX 78730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 682-4730
Jonathan Mugan
OSD11-IA6      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Active Software Defense to Reduce Threat Capability Effectiveness
Abstract:The protection of cyber assets is a critical need for the U.S. military. The theft of sensitive software and data threatens our technological and information superiority, putting lives and valuable assets at unnecessary risk. Attacks occur too quickly for human intervention and current automated defenses are designed to thwart only known means of attack. Active software defenses are required that can recognize a broad spectrum of threats and respond intelligently. To address this need, 21st Century Technologies proposes Cyber Security using Qualitative Learner of Action and Perception (Cy-QLAP), a software system that develops an understanding of the protected cyber assets using machine learning methods inspired by early mental development in humans. Past automated cyber defense systems have been plagued by availability issues, where disruptions to normal activity cannot be tolerated because system administrators are unable to analyze and correct the system’s behavior. Cy- QLAP solves this problem by learning human-understandable models that enable meaningful user interaction and feedback, allowing the benefits of quick action while maintaining the confidence of system administrators that availability problems can be managed. Our solution has the potential to significantly reduce the overall cost of protecting computer networks, and minimize the number of successful attacks on networks.

Power Fingerprinting, Inc.
2200 Kraft Drive, Suite 1200 R
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 200-8344
Carlos R. Aguayo Gonzalez
OSD11-IA6      Awarded: 5/1/2012
Title:Active Software Defense to Reduce Threat Capability Effectiveness
Abstract:Perimeter and passive cyber defenses must be complemented with an active defense mechanism to elevate the risks, or costs, a potential attacker must face. The effectiveness of an active defense mechanism is ultimately limited by its ability to detect threats fast, accurately, and reliably. For this Phase I project, we propose to determine the feasibility of creating an active defense solution based on a novel integrity assessment approach called power fingerprinting (PFP). PFP is capable of detecting integrity violations and malicious intrusions with extreme accuracy and speed, even at the lowest levels of the software stack. The proposed solution includes effective mechanisms to gather intelligence, deny access to peripherals, and even reset the processor to prevent an attacker from stealing information or install a back door. For Phase I, we will develop a PFP monitor for an embedded Android platform, validate the different active responses and countermeasures, and develop a general mechanism to interpret response policies. We will evaluate the performance of the complete system in terms of probability of threat detection, probability of false alarm, and response effectiveness in different attack scenarios and blind tests.

Private Machines Inc.
PO Box 4056
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 791-5147
Radu Sion
OSD11-IA6      Awarded: 4/30/2012
Title:ARMOR: Active-Defense Resilient Mission-Oriented Secure Cloud Platform
Abstract:The Active-Defense Resilient Mission-Oriented (ARMOR) Secure cloud platform provides significant competitive advantages in the defense against vulnerabilities and threats in distributed and cloud computing infrastructures. It achieves this by endowing a traditional infrastructure with a collaborative security layer of active transparent defense and control, a cloud “immune system” which transparently introspects, monitors and controls the traditional cloud servers at runtime and can strongly react and immediately present a united defense across the entire cloud. The immune system is comprised of isolated (i.e., out-of-band) hardware which has its own control network. This separate conduit enables it to instantly share critical information and react independently enabling meaningful operation and fast recovery even in the case of sustained attacks and severe compromise. Ultimately, ARMOR technology significantly reduces the effectiveness of security threats in infrastructures running critical applications, through active defense mechanisms such as real-time monitoring of host activity, transparent introspective control and recovery of compromised hosts, and immediate reactivity in cross-cloud collaborative network and host- level defense. The physical protection assurances of ARMOR allows for safe deployment with full privacy in untrusted environments such as battle-field and commercial hosting scenarios. DOD can now outsource the infrastructure itself, thereby maximizing operational efficiency and capabilities.