---------- ARMY ----------

142 Phase I Selections from the 12.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Guanghai Jin
A12-001      Awarded: 7/19/2012
Title:Fiber Optic E-Field Sensing Gunshot Locator
Abstract:The use of electro-optic (EO) crystals in electric field measurements has gained considerable momentum over recent years. This is due to their compact size, lightweight, all dielectric and fiber optic make-up, large dynamic range, high damage threshold, and large intrinsic bandwidth. Leveraging on Agiltron’s extensive experience in developing and producing ultra broadband and high frequency fiber optic E-field sensing system, compact EO based fiber optic sensors, switches and variable optical attenuators commercially, we propose to design and produce the fiber optic E-field sensor based gunshot locator which is at a low cost, with small size, light weight, has low power consumption and is affordable to the Army for insertion in OGPK. In Phase I, a comprehensive analysis and development will be performed to design and prototype the sensitive fiber optic E-field sensors, the data acquisition and processing algorisms which will be evaluated experimentally for integration with a low cost detection system in Phase II. This fiber optic sensor based system will be also designed to have high shock and vibration resistance. Based on success in Phase I, we will prototype the fully functioning and integrated fiber optic gunshot locator in Phase II for field evaluation.

QUASAR Federal Systems, Inc.
5754 Pacific Center Blvd. Suite 203
Sa, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 412-1737
Yongming Zhang
A12-001      Awarded: 7/18/2012
Title:Electric-Field (Efield) Gunshot Detection System (GDS)
Abstract:Soldiers and Marines manning the Objective Gunner Protection Kit (OGPK) need an accurate, real-time notification system to detect small-arms threat locations even in complex firefight environments involving multiple shooters, different weapons (single fire to full automatic, silenced guns, subsonic bullets), background detonations and explosions, and man-made noise/interference. Existing first-shot detection systems based on acoustic sensing may lose effectiveness because of reverberation and multipath propagation, multiple threat scenarios, high levels of acoustic noise, and vibration on vehicles. Gun-fired bullets and projectiles passing through open-air regions carry electric charges which can be sensed by an electric field (E-field) sensor to determine direction of travel. QUASAR Federal Systems (QFS) has demonstrated a new class of electric field sensor with significantly reduced size and adequate sensitivity for detection of gun-fired bullets. QFS proposes to develop an E-field Gunshot Detection System (GDS) prototype optimized for the OGPK. Phase I will be a feasibility study of a design for an OGPK E-field GDS. We will also perform an outline design for the Phase II prototype during the Phase I Option phase. In Phase II, we will design and develop an integrated scientific prototype and demonstrate its performance through gunshot tests.

CRAFTELL POWER SOURCES LLC
10710 TIMBERIDGE ROAD
FA, VA 22039
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 673-6498
James Angelo Ruggieri
A12-002      Awarded: 8/24/2012
Title:Reserve Cell Technologies with fast initiation for power on demand
Abstract:The main objective of this project is to study the feasibility of a number innovative reserve power sources and reserve power systems for munitions applications. The proposed new reserve power sources promise to provide the means to construct highly reliable power-on- demand reserve power systems that can be activated very rapidly to achieve rise times of 3 msec and possibly less with the capability of achieving very long run times suitable for applications in gun-fired munitions, mortars and sub-munitions. The proposed innovative reserve power system architecture is expected to allow the implementation of a new energy management system that can be readily adapted to the requirements of almost any munitions power demand profile. The architecture of the proposed reserve power system is also intended to allow the use of a very limited number of standardized reserve power sources to optimally provide power to almost any munitions applications and make it cost effective to mass manufacture reserve batteries to achieve a significant reduction in their cost. The proposed reserve power sources can be designed to withstand very high-G firing shock and should readily provide a shelf life of over 20 years.

Real-Time Innovations
232 E. Java Drive
Su, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 990-7421
Heidi Schubert
A12-003      Awarded: 6/19/2012
Title:A Near Real-time Service Bus for Fires and Effects Interoperability between C2, M&S, and Autonomous Systems
Abstract:Recent conflicts have demonstrated that coordination between C2 devices, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) systems, and autonomous vehicles (e.g., UAV, UGV) can gain tremendous tactical advantage on the battlefield. Existing systems, however, use their own unique message formats and communication protocols (e.g., JAUS, CoT, JVMF, etc.). Fires and Effects missions bring an additional challenge because they require real-time coordination between battlefield assets and fine timing control. Therefore, integration of Fires and Effects, M&S, and autonomous systems requires a technology that meets real- time constraints. The solution must bridge different protocols and formats while maintaining the real-time latency and high throughput. Real-Time Innovations (RTI) proposes an innovative architecture to address this problem. The architecture is built on Data Distribution Service (DDS) – an infrastructure designed for real-time systems. RTI’s approach will provide support for Quality-of-service (QoS)-enabled messaging, message-exchange patterns (e.g., publish-subscribe and request-reply), and other mediation functions, such as transformation, routing, aggregation, splitting, and filtering. RTI’s approach supports real-time dissemination of track updates and reliable delivery of fires and effects messages. In contrast to the conventional hub-and-spoke model of integration, RTI’s solution is fully distributed. During Phase I, RTI will demonstrate proof- of-concept interoperability between commonly-used message formats.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Ga, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
A12-003      Awarded: 6/6/2012
Title:Firestorm Interpretation Layer (FIL) and Firestorm Application Repository System (FARS)
Abstract:Smart phones, tablets, and laptops can allow soldiers to connect, share relevant data, receive feedback, display apriori mission information, and much more – while remaining small enough to be carried during a mission. However, one of the biggest issues in integrating new technologies and applications is the lack of a consistent and open architecture. Open architectures foster rapid innovation; integration time is significantly reduced, which allows new technology to get to soldiers more quickly. Open architectures also allow for plug-and- play capability. Compatibility issues between equipment, applications and operator control units can limit the warfighter. Robotic Research, LLC, proposes to create the Firestorm Application Repository (FAR) and Firestorm Interpretation Layer (FIL). The overall objective of the proposal is to develop an application repository system and to create a translation layer that parses multiple standard communication protocols, interprets and sends these messages to the Firestorm software. The Firestorm Application Repository (FAR) will allow users to search for and download Firestorm enabled applications to their computer or Android phone. The applications listed in the FAR will all be compliant with the Firestorm Interpretation Layer (FIL), which will serve as a bridge between the applications and the Firestorm software.

Systems & Technology Research
14 Franklin Road
Wi, MA 01890
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 945-3349
Eric K. Jones
A12-003      Awarded: 6/13/2012
Title:A data broker architecture for fires and effects interoperability
Abstract:We propose data broker technology that enables seamless semantic interoperability between C2 devices, autonomous vehicles, and simulation systems within a distributed, networked fires and effects architecture. Unique features of our approach include 1) a run-time- adaptive model-based design that makes it easy to “hot deploy” changes to content representations, message formats, message translators, or fires systems components without having to modify any source code, 2) a semi-canonical data model that encourages the development and spread of "islands of semantic interoperability” for hub-and-spoke translation between content representations, and 3) uniquely expressive representations of courses of action, tasks, desired effects, mission orders, mission analysis products, and other contextual information to mediate communication between "intent aware" components of the fires and effects architecture, including fully automated C2 simulations and autonomous vehicles. Our primary focus will be information exchange for distributed fires and effects planning, rehearsal, execution, and training. However, our framework will also be designed for broader applicability to other war fighters functional areas, Joint and coalition planning and decision-making, simulation-based test and evaluation, and CONOPS development for autonomous systems.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Lo, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Hieu Nguyen
A12-004      Awarded: 9/6/2012
Title:A Novel Video-based Adaptive Intelligent Hemispherical Threat Detection System
Abstract:Remotely Operated Weapon Systems (ROWS) keep soldiers away from hostile situations while they take on the enemy and thus dramatically enhance the weapon lethality and increase soldier’s survivability. However, in existing fielded ROWS operators watch an area through a flat-screen monitor that covers a too small field-of-view (FOV) to provide a complete picture of "what’s going on outside”. Currently available wide area threat detection capabilities fall short of providing robust and continuous threat awareness. To support ARMY's vision for smart situation awareness in ROWS, UtopiaCompression (UC) proposes to develop a novel threat detection system based on an in-house hemispherical camera system and a novel video-based adaptive intelligent threat detection software. The hemispherical camera system will provide the full coverage of a hemispherical (360o×180o) field of view (FOV) at high image resolution. The software component will provide real-time target detection and threat detection capabilities. The system can provide variable acuity of target resolution depending on threat level or user request. The outputs from the system will alert the remote operator on unusual events that need his response. The proposed technology is capable of providing wide area threat detection in complex and cluttered battlefield environments.

Wavefront
7 Johnston Circle
BA, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 558-4806
Jie Yao
A12-004      Awarded: 8/21/2012
Title:High-Speed Small Firearm Muzzle Flash Acoustic and Optical Detector
Abstract:An ever-changing battlefield poses a growing threat of small arm hostile fire for our ground troops, ground vehicles and low-flying airborne platforms. High performance and low cost hostile fire indicator (HFI) solutions are needed to protect both stationary posts and moving military platforms. Small firearm and mortar muzzle flash emits much ultraviolet (UV), visible, Short-Wave-Infrared (SWIR), Mid-Wave Infrared (MWIR), Long-Wave Infrared (LWIR) and acoustic signature for passive detection. Proposed is a high-speed small firearm muzzle flash acoustic and optical detector HFI system using high-sensitivity microphone and Nano-Vertex Photon Counting Integrated Circuit (NVPCIC) Imager. During Phase I, we will (1) optimize the NVPCIC detector pixels with night vision sensitivity for high-resolution high-speed optical imaging, and (2) develop video muzzle flash detection, representation and tracking algorithms augmented with time-correlated acoustic signals. In Phase II, we will optimize the image recognition algorithm, optimize its coincidence with acoustic signals, implement robotic self learning, and prototype the NVPCIC HFI system to be delivered to the DoD labs for characterization and retention. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the NVPCIC imager and HFI system to major defense contractors to be incorporated into military systems as well as for our commercial medical device products.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
An, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Edward J. Salley
A12-005      Awarded: 8/23/2012
Title:Innovative System for Large Scale, Low Cost Production of High Quality Silicon Nanoparticles
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to apply its patented microwave driven jet (MIDJet) technology for low cost production of silicon nanopowders. The MIDJet will be used to form a narrow plasma jet from SiH4 gas and via supersonic expansion, nucleate/grow silicon nanopowders with a targeted surface area of 32 to 50 m2/g. The combination of swirl flow injection (confining the plasma to the center of the cavity) in the MIDJet and electrode-less discharge allows high specific energy deposition at high gas pressures with minimal opportunity for contamination/impurity entrainment from the system. The proposed Phase I effort will investigate the impact of the MIDJet’s operating conditions on nucleation and growth of the nanopowder, demonstrate silicon nanopowder formation, estimate the manufacturing cost, and produce 1kg of silicon nanopowder. The Phase I Option will be used to adapt the MIDJet system for continuous in-line coating of the silicon nanoparticles with a passivating layer of CFx. The Phase II effort will lead to the optimization of the nanopowder production system, a cost analysis for large-scale production, repeatability (and variability) of the system, and demonstrate a daily production rate capability of 50 kgs of CFx coated silicon nanopowder meeting the required technical specifications.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Au, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 757-5441
David J. Irvin
A12-005      Awarded: 8/21/2012
Title:Low Cost and Scalable Nano-Silicon Production
Abstract:The U.S. Army has a need for cheap, high quality nanosilicon powder. With similar energy density and better aging effects than nanoaluminum, silicon is an excellent candidate for use a metal nanofuel. Systems and Materials Research Corporation (SMRC) will demonstrate a scalable method for production of nanosized silicon via a mechano-chemical solid-liquid reaction. Using commodity feed stocks and scalable commercial equipment, it will be possible to have production rates >1000kg/day within 5 years. By the end of Phase I, we will have demonstrated a 5kg/day production rate at a cost of $185/kg. By the end of Phase II, we will have a path to large scale production at a cost nearing $50/kg. We will first commercialize nano-silicon as metal fuels and green energetics with the help of our scale- up partners ATK and Esterline. As the purity of these materials increases with process and feed stock controls, we will explore uses such as ink-jetable nanosilicon suspensions for low cost, disposable electronics. There is also an additional market as electrode materials for lithium ion batteries and a smaller but direct to the manufacturer market will be activated catalysts.

General Sciences, Incorporated
205 Schoolhouse Road
So, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter Zavitsanos
A12-006      Awarded: 7/20/2012
Title:Tunable Reactive Materials for Enhanced Counter Offensive Lethality
Abstract:General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) will design, produce, evaluate and characterize reactive shaped charge liners (RSCL) that possess high density (9-16 g/cc), exothermicity (T > 2000K), storage stability and the ability to defeat improvised explosive devices (IEDs), chemical and biological weapons and provide a wall breaching capability. GSI will use metal- metal composites that possess high density, high strength (> 20,000 psi tensile, 50,000 psi compression), machinability, non-toxicity and safe handling characteristics. Machining of the liners will be done in-house and sample liners will be provided to the Army as requested. All supporting data demonstrating the performance of the GSI RSCL will be provided to the Army.

MATSYS, Inc.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
St, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
A12-006      Awarded: 7/16/2012
Title:Tunable High Density Reactive Materials for Enhanced Counter Offensive Lethality
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop high density, high energy density and high strength reactive materials to enhance the performance of reactive shaped charge liners and breaching charges. The proposed material system will use a blend of several elemental or compound powders capable of participating in an energetic (exothermic) chemical reaction. Further, the reactant powders will be selected such that at least one component will be mechanically “soft” to facilitate full densification of the blend into a structurally useful form. The consolidation will occur below the reaction initiation temperature to prevent any energy release during compaction and preserve the stored chemical energy of the exothermic reaction between the reactant powders for release upon target impact. The existence of different powder materials will allow for tailoring of the mechanical and reactive properties of the material through engineered variations of the volume fraction of each reactant, and by adjusting their particle size. This effort will combine our unique expertise in instrumented- Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) with high energy milling/mechanical alloying (MA) of reactive powder blends to develop tunable highly reactive structural materials with predictable ignition events. We intend to use MA on reactive powder blends to achieve initially a homogeneous microstructure and then nanostructured composites.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mo, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Michael Eidell
A12-007      Awarded: 6/20/2012
Title:Remote Deployment of Explosive Detection Material
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer a solution for remotely delivering explosive detection materials. The objective is to deliver a liquid explosive detection agent with a 40mm projectile using existing launch systems. Innovative materials and design techniques will be used to ensure accurate projectile delivery and projectile integrity during storage. A successful Phase I effort will require the use of Corvid’s high-fidelity modeling and industrial design capabilities to fine tune the accuracy and marking capability of the round while maintaining a less-than-lethal impact.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Wh, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 326-9920
Paul Boyadjis
A12-007      Awarded: 6/28/2012
Title:Remote Deployment of Explosive Detection Material
Abstract:Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) is proposing to modify its existing extended range 40mm non-lethal munition to carry a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) payload to detect and confirm explosives at a stand-off distance of 100 meters. The MIP is accurately delivered and distributed with very low impact energy to preclude an inadvertent detonation of suspected explosive materials. Transition to the field can be near term due to the already demonstrated long-range accuracy of MSI’s 40mm munition and because MIP is proven for safe explosive detection of commonly used substances (TNT, TNB, TNP, Tetryl, AN and UN). Additionally, the 40mm munition uses already type-classified propellant and an existing M-203 launcher reducing the logistic tail associated with introducing a new launcher. A barrier to more MIP usage has been a low cost, accurate, non-lethal, easily adaptable, and longer range delivery system. Pre-proposal testing with marking powder has demonstrated the ability to distribute the munition’s 40 ml payload over a 25 square inch area. Phase I work uses a combination of ballistic and impact force analysis and testing to evaluate, select, and demonstrate the preferred MIP packaging arrangement to maximize splatter pattern while minimizing impact energy for optimization during a Phase II project.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
85 Air Park Drive-Unit 3
Ro, NY 11779
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A12-008      Awarded: 9/13/2012
Title:Novel Pre-Fire Powering and Data Transfer Links for Munitions
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of several novel wireless methods and related devices for pre-fire powering of munitions capacitors and/or super-capacitors and establishing one-way or two-way data transfer link to load firing information as well as health monitoring and the like. In the novel concepts being proposed the means of transferring power into the munitions housing as well as establishing data transfer link are optical. With the proposed concepts small as well as very large amount of power in the range of a few mW to over 100 Watts can be transferred into sealed munitions housing. The use of optical data transfer allows the proposed concept to achieve rates well in excess of 16 Mb/sec. The proposed novel concepts are suitable for in-breech and/or out-of-breech powering and data transfer applications. The proposed concepts are simple in design; do not have any moving parts or sensitive optical components; and can be designed for fabrication with commercially available components design for over 20 years of shelf life. Due to the optical nature, the proposed optical powering and data transmission concepts have the advantage of being immune to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and provide Immunity to Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP).

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Ch, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
David A. Neal III
A12-009      Awarded: 7/19/2012
Title:Tube Launched UAV with Glide to Hover Transition
Abstract:Barron Associates has teamed with Professor Alfred Gates to develop a unique armament that launches from the barrel of a M320, deploys aerodynamic surfaces to become an efficient high-speed glider, and finally transitions to a hovering configuration capable of remote reconnaissance and surveillance. The SWITCHBLADE vehicle concept (Soaring WIng To CHopper with Barrel LAunched DElivery) has been developed to a high level of technical maturity for the glide and hover phases. The aerodynamic design yields a glide range exceeding 1 km, the propulsion system provides over 10 minutes of true hover capability, and a deployment mechanism allows the vehicle to unfold following a tube launch. The Phase I effort will focus on analyzing and refining the design to insure it is capable of withstanding the high accelerations experienced at launch. The team will combine the use of energy absorbing materials and mounting strategies for electronic and propulsion components of the air vehicle with a novel isolation shell to minimize peak launch loads experienced by the vehicle. To minimize technical risk, the team will draw on previous experience developing both tube launched and gun launched air vehicles, including a rifle launched UAV that employs an energy absorbing launch shell.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Be, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0582
Ashish Purekar
A12-009      Awarded: 8/1/2012
Title:Hovering Tube-Launched Micromunition
Abstract:A tube launched micromunition with the ability to reconfigure to hover and perform surveillance would provide significant advantages to the warfighter in an urban environment. A rotor based system with the capability to autorotate is an effective way for the system to hover and perform maneuvers over a designated area. Such a system provides a stationary platform for sensors and cameras for surveillance along with the maneuvering capability if needed.

AVID LLC
120 Newsome Drive Suite A
Yo, VA 23692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-0067
O. John Ohanian
A12-010      Awarded: 6/28/2012
Title:Shape Changing Maneuverable Munition Using Novel Alloys/Materials for Flight Performance Enhancements
Abstract:AVID LLC has partnered with Virginia Tech’s Center for Intelligent Material Systems and Structures to develop a shape-changing projectile using Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) that increases range more than 30% and adds precision targeting. SMA materials provide large actuation forces and require minimal packaging volume, thereby allowing more volume for internal components and payload. The shape-changing munition solution will be a low-cost, add-on package that can retrofit existing projectiles. Material testing and modeling will determine the optimal SMA materials from several new chemistries, and optimization of the aerodynamic design will maximize control authority and range. Novel techniques for controlling the SMA actuators that are simple and robust will be developed and demonstrated. Finite element analysis (FEA) will be used to ensure the newly design components can survive the high-G loading of a gun-launched projectile. The size, weight, and power of the SMA actuation system will be assessed, and a bench-top prototype will demonstrate the shape-changing capability, SMA control techniques, and response speed. The innovative technology developed will be scalable to gun-launched projectiles of various sizes.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
An, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dorin V. Preda
A12-011      Awarded: 6/29/2012
Title:Synthesis of Chlorinated Cyclic Nitramines
Abstract:RDX and HMX are cyclic nitramines widely used as high explosives in military applications. The Army recognizes a continuing need for more powerful high explosives that have improved energy density. To increase the energy of nitramine materials further, a highly promising strategy is to modify the inherent crystalline density of the materials by structural substitution of hydrogen atoms with chlorine atoms. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to synthesize and characterize novel chlorinated cyclic nitramines with improved energy density. These novel compounds will be synthesized in an innovative one-step process that will be a safe, environmentally benign method and highly amenable to scale-up. PSI will synthesize gram quantities of compounds that will be thoroughly characterized using advanced structural analytical methods. Selected compounds will be supplied for explosive performance testing at Army facilities. Testing will include combustion calorimetry, safety testing, heat of formation, density, detonation velocity measurements and small scale gap testing. On a potential Phase II program, PSI will partner with Nalas Engineering for scale up and Nammo Talley for characterization. They will investigate scale-up paths and provide hundreds of grams of the target for enhanced testing, formulation and characterization.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wh, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2329
Robert D. Bolskar
A12-011      Awarded: 6/27/2012
Title:New Syntheses of Chlorinated High Energy Density Explosives
Abstract:1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane, also known as RDX, is one of the most important and widely used nitramine explosives in military applications. It is highly desirable to improve the performance and stability of explosives beyond the benchmark of RDX in order to better meet modern military needs. The objective of this project is to provide the Army with chlorinated derivatives of the nitramine explosive RDX. We propose fundamental chemistry for changing the molecular structure of explosive molecules such as RDX to increase their densities in a rational manner, so that their inherent energies can be increased and stabilities improved. Our proposed new synthetic pathway for RDX chlorination uses an efficient one-pot reaction process that offers important benefits for future manufacturing over complex multi-step derivatizations. Phase I will entail demonstrating proof-of-concept for our methods and initial explosive property testing. Phase II will include laboratory scale-up, process engineering, further energetic materials testing in Army facilities and production scale-up.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wh, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2321
Girish Srinivas
A12-012      Awarded: 6/15/2012
Title:Energetic Surface Modification of Aluminum Nanoparticles
Abstract:Due to its favorable combustion properties, aluminum is the material of choice in metalized nanoparticle formulations for energetic materials; however, the full potential of aluminum nanoparticles has not been realized due to the presence of a nascent oxide layer (Al2O3) that surrounds the nanoparticles and retards their combustion. As a result, the military is looking for novel surface modification techniques that make use of the oxide layer to make the Al- nanoparticles more reactive. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop surface modification chemistry that functionalizes the surfaces of oxide passivated Al-nanoparticles in order to enhance the reactivity of Al-nanoparticles, adding molecular energetic functionality so that the native Al0 can be more readily burned or reacted with oxidizers. Using nanoparticle chemistry previously developed at TDA, we will develop surface modification chemistry to put additional energetic materials on the unreactive oxide passivation layer, thereby enhancing the overall reactivity of the Al-nanoparticle.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Da, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 255-9368
Christopher Crouse
A12-012      Awarded: 6/29/2012
Title:Energetic Modification of Aluminum Nanoparticles
Abstract:Aluminum (Al) has an energy density (-31.05 kJ/g) nearly three times higher than most molecular high explosives and its combustion yields an exothermic release of energy (ƒ´Hf (Al2O3) = -1676.8 kJ/mol) but is limited by surface diffusion, therefore an increase in surface area yields a direct increase on reaction rate. Aluminum nanopowders (nano-Al) possess surface areas on the order of 20-40 m2/g and have attracted interest throughout the energetics community for propellant and metallization applications. Unpassivated nano-Al powders are highly pyrophoric and require stabilization through formation of a nascent oxide layer (2-6 nm), however, this process accounts for a 14-38% loss of reactive aluminum. To improve reaction kinetics for nano-Al based energetic formulations, UES proposes use of thin (2-5 nm) fluoropolymer coatings deposited on the oxide surface of nano-Al either through wet-chemical deposition techniques or through use of plasma polymerization. Fluoropolymers are known to be highly effective oxidizers for aluminum and should initiate and accelerate reaction between nano-Al and additional oxidizers. Additionally, fluoropolymer coatings will also serve as a gasifying agent to increase reaction pressures in nano-Al based energetic formulations and due to their naturally hydrophobic nature should improve the stability of nano-Al by inhibiting premature oxidation due to humidity.

Luminit, LLC
1850 205th Street
To, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1066
Fedor Dimov
A12-013      Awarded: 6/28/2012
Title:Dynamic Site Overlay based on Luminit Substrate-guided Holographic Technology
Abstract:To address the Army need for a low-cost, size, weight and power optimized, high-resolution, dynamic electronic overlay display system for small arms sights that provides improved performance over current commercially available systems, Luminit, LLC proposes to develop the new high resolution low cost and compact Dynamic Sight Overlay based on Luminit Holographic (DOSH) technology. DOSH will provide an optical system integrated into an individual soldier weapon-mounted direct-view optical scope that satisfies MIL-STD-810 requirements for military systems. It will be fully see-through, have full color SXGA resolution or better with brightness that can be adjusted to day and night illumination--all without imposing significant cost and power increases in the lighting systems. In Phase I, Luminit will develop a detailed design of proposed electronic graphic overlay technology, and conduct benchtop proof-of-concept DOSH demonstrations. Risk and performance will be defined; cost, size, weight, and power consumption will be estimated. Phase II will result in the development, fabrication, and testing of a complete DOSH prototype. The prototype device will be delivered to the Army for demonstration of target identification, hit probability, and lethality.

QD Vision, Inc.
29 Hartwell Avenue
Le, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 652-7406
Peter Kazlas
A12-013      Awarded: 7/17/2012
Title:Electroluminescent Quantum Dot-Based Light Emitting Diode for Next Generation Weapon Sites
Abstract:The need to deliver critical information to the individual soldier making decisions on the battlefield continues to grow in ever-more complex combat situations. Technological advances in weapon sight development now provide the opportunity for soldiers bearing small arms to receive valuable information, in addition to an aiming reticle, such as range and heading to target, identification friend or foe, and available battery life right at the optics of the sight. This proposal addresses the design and development of transparent and miniature matrix displays based on quantum dot light emitting diode (QLED) technology developed by QD Vision to address the shortcomings of displays currently used in weapon sights. At the heart of QLEDs are printable quantum dot emitters that combine the customizable, saturated, stable color and low-voltage performance found in inorganic LEDs with the solution processability of polymers. QLEDs are an emerging printable thin film electroluminescent device technology that is highly desirable for information displays owing to their excellent color, inherent material stability and high efficiency at a low cost of manufacture. The result is a reliable, energy efficient, tunable color solution for displays that is less costly to manufacture and that can employ ultra-thin, transparent substrates.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Ha, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jay C. Rozzi, Ph.D.
A12-014      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:A Novel Indirectly Cooled Broaching System (ICBS)
Abstract:Tantalum alloy and silicon nitride gun barrel liners have demonstrated excellent corrosion resistance and wear characteristics for U.S. Army applications. The quality and accuracy of the rifling profile is critical; however, the processes and tooling needed to successfully rifle a gun barrel made from these advanced materials have not been developed due to the difficulty of machining the materials. Tantalum and its alloys possess a gummy consistency, low thermal conductivity, and low specific heat. These elements combine to increase the cutting forces in the machining zone, thus causing the material to weld to the cutting edge during machining and gall. In the case of silicon nitride, the extremely high hardness of the ceramic material precludes the use of conventional broaching operations due to high tool wear, catastrophic failure of the part, or poor machined surface quality. Creare’s innovation is an Indirectly Cooled Broaching System (ICBS) that combines a progressive broaching tool with our proven Indirect Cooling System (ICS) to enable effective and accurate rifling of advanced material gun barrel liners. We anticipate that our innovation will reduce cutting forces, increase quality, and extend tool life, thus enabling the best technology to be affordably delivered to the U.S. warfighter.

Ormond, LLC
4718 B Street NW Suite 104
Au, WA 98001
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 852-1298
Tom Butler
A12-014      Awarded: 6/15/2012
Title:Rifling Gun Barrels with Waterjets
Abstract:Refractory alloys such as tantalum-tungsten and ceramics are being pursued as a solution to high temperature erosive wear of gun barrels. However rifling of these materials with conventional broaching and electrochemical milling is proving to be difficult. This proposal seeks to demonstrate an innovative alternate grooving method, abrasive waterjet grooving. Waterjets are normally used to cut completely through materials but Ormond has developed a proprietary technique and software that uses waterjets to mill to a controlled depth. The process is being used to groove long channels in high temperature metals for scramjets, cooling channels in rocket nozzles, fluid channels in fuel cells and is even capable of milling grooves in silicon carbide and rhenium. This project will consist of modifying an Ormond milling nozzle to groove the 25 mm inside diameter of tubes and grooving of tantalum and silicon nitride. Cost projections indicate that this would be a very inexpensive approach and suitable for production operations. The innovative process is flexible and can be used for other barrel liner materials such as silicon carbide and ceramic composites. This project will demonstrate that the tolerances and surface finish required for rifling can be achieved economically with the new waterjet grooving process.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bo, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Silviu Velicu
A12-015      Awarded: 6/1/2012
Title:Miniaturized Imaging Spectrometer Based on HgCdTe Infrared Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:To satisfy the Army’s needs for the detection and identification of chemical and biological compounds and agents present in improvised explosive devices, we propose to develop a miniaturized infrared (IR) imaging spectrometer consisting of a HgCdTe-based IR focal plane array (IRFPA) coupled with a Fabry-Perot interferometer, by combining microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology with HgCdTe IR detector technologies. MEMS technology will be used to tune the sensor wavelength, allowing for multiple wavelength detection. All IRFPA pixels are tuned to specific wavelengths and a hyperspectral image cube is obtained by capturing an image at each wavelength of interest. During Phase I of the project we will perform optical, electronic and system studies and will develop pattern recognition algorithms for quantitative spectral decomposition and compound identification. We will design the interferometer cavity, study the materials for Bragg reflectors and perform finite element modeling of the mechanical displacements. We will study various beam structures, simulate the electrostatic actuation and determine the optimal actuation voltages. We will build a characterization set-up to assess the sensitivity, selectivity, false positive rates and probability of detection of the sensor. These figures of merit will be compared with those obtained in standard Fourier transform setups

Pacific Advanced Technology
2029 Village Lane, Suite 202 PO Box 140
So, CA 93464
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 693-4012
Michele Hinnrichs
A12-015      Awarded: 6/11/2012
Title:MEMS Infrared Hyperspectral Imager
Abstract:There is a serious need for miniaturized hyperspectral imaging systems that can be used by the soldier in man portable, flown on small Unmanned Arial Vehicles (UAV) or ground robotic instrument (Unmanned Ground Vehicles UGV) applications. Applications include the detection and warning of chemical and biological warfare agents in various forms of threat scenarios from manufacturing to implementation, buried IED’s or forensic analysis of detonated IED’s as well as the detection of IED manufacturing process and plants. Pacific Advanced Technology will develop a MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems) based Fabry-Perot infrared tunable filter to meet the requirements above. We are proposing to use a Fabry-Perot tunable infrared filter that can be programmed to select the spectral bands of interest for the various applications. Phase I will focus on the conceptual design and processing and material constraints on the fabrication of a MEMS based Fabry-Perot infrared tunable filter.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
La, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6822
Kevin Lu
A12-016      Awarded: 7/11/2012
Title:Heat-pipe Embedded Foam Exhaust Recovery System
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop an advanced thermoelectric generator (TEG) that will improve the overall efficiency of 100-kW class generator sets (gensets). Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes a novel thermoelectric generation system to convert exhaust heat into useful electrical energy. The current exhaust recovery systems operate in the low-temperature range (less than 150°C) and are poorly designed in three aspects: 1) heat extraction; 2) heat conversion; and 3) heat removal. The propose technology will address these shortcomings with innovative heat transfer components and packaging design. To improve device efficiency, multiple thermal barriers are removed from the thermoelectric junctions. For integration, the proposed FoHM-TEG concept will provide robust and efficient power conversion in a small package that can fit into slightly modified genset enclosures. These measures will allow the proposed design to improve the overall genset efficiencies by 2.6%.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Ro, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Paul Yelvington
A12-016      Awarded: 5/24/2012
Title:Efficient Diesel Generator with High-zT Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery
Abstract:Mainstream Engineering Corp. (MEC) proposes developing a diesel engine-generator with nanostructured high-zT thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery. Commercially available thermoelectric materials have a thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of approximately 1. Published efforts to harvest exhaust waste heat from a stationary generator using these thermoelectric materials have delivered only very modest gains; about a 0.3% reduction in fuel consumption. To reach more substantial fuel savings will require better (higher zT) thermoelectric materials and tighter integration of the engine, thermoelectric stack, power conditioning unit, and thermal bus. In this Phase I, MEC proposes the further development of a landmark high-zT thermoelectric material recently developed for UAV waste heat recovery. MEC’s thermoelectric material uses nanostructures to induce phonon confinement and thereby improve the ratio of electrical to thermal conductivity. MEC is also in the process of developing a high-efficiency purpose-built 60-hp three-cylinder turbodiesel engine for an Army APU application. The proposed thermoelectric waste-heat recovery system will build off of that engine platform to push the system efficiency considerably beyond the current state- of-the-art for military generators. Phase I includes a thermoelectric material demonstration, component design, and system-level modeling and optimization. Phase II includes the development of a technology demonstrator.

Biorobots, LLC
3030 E. 63rd St. #313
Cl, OH 44127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 246-0148
Richard J. Bachmann
A12-017      Awarded: 6/25/2012
Title:FLASH - Flapping Locomotion Adjustable Stiffness Hardware
Abstract:BioRobots LLC and University of Delaware propose the development of FLASH – the Flapping Locomotion Adjustable Stiffness Hardware. FLASH will be an electro-mechanical device that will 1) efficiently transfer power from the actuator to the wing in a flapping-wing micro air vehicle (MAV), 2) at the end of each stroke, convert the wing’s residual kinetic energy into potential energy, 3) at the beginning of the subsequent stroke, return the stored potential energy to the wing in the form of kinetic energy, and 4) have an adjustable stiffness to perform actions 1-3 efficiently with different wings or actuators and at different wing beat frequencies. The energy efficiency of the flapping behavior will be maximized at a particular system natural frequency. FLASH will facilitate identification of the optimal natural frequency for all manner of actuator/wing pairs. In Phase 1, BioRobots will evaluate a wide range of design concepts, including: stiffness tuning by an embedded ionic liquid controlled by an electric field; beam length variation; varying shape and orientation of capacitor plates for stiffness tunability; and varying the cross-section (and subsequently stiffness) of the structure. BioRobots’ goal is to develop FLASH at the scale of a 5 gram MAV for eventual on board implementation.

Nova Photonics, Inc.
One Oak Place
Pr, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 258-5643
David Cylinder
A12-017      Awarded: 6/21/2012
Title:Tunable Stiffness Thorax/Mechanism for Flapping Wing MAV
Abstract:This proposed study intends to find ways to improve the mechanical efficiency of robotic and remotely piloted flapping winged vehicles through the incorporation of elastic components. This will allow the manufacture of such vehicles with greatly enhanced flight duration and agility. Work will include the design, prototyping, and testing of micro air vehicle wing flapping mechanisms with tunable elastic components for increasing throughput power transmission efficiency.

Aeroprobe Corporation
2200 Kraft Drive Suite 1475
Bl, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 443-9215
Jeff Schultz
A12-018      Awarded: 6/8/2012
Title:Large-Scale Fabrication of Ultrafine-Grained, Functionally-Graded Mg Armor
Abstract:Aeroprobe Corporation proposes a highly scalable consolidation process, termed friction- stir fabrication (FSF), for fabricating large-scale, complex structures using Mg alloy powders. FSF is a continuous powder consolidation process that yields thick fully-dense, wrought metal consolidated structures from powder feedstock and produces an ultrafine- grain microstructure. FSF will enable the production of complex geometries, suitable for direct integration with existing vehicle armor systems. The process has already been shown to enable functional grading of the structure by controlling both the geometry and composition of the alloy, including the mechanical alloying of a metal matrix composite surface layer to increase wear resistance. The development of functionally graded material will enable utilization in a broad range of applications currently not feasible for Mg. Finally, FSF has the potential to produce advanced functionally-graded structures if the geometry and composition of the finished structures can be more closely controlled. All required deliverables will be produced during the base period. During the Option Period, additional samples will be delivered to the Army and our commercial partner for independent testing. The process will be improved and detailed system upgrade designs initiated. Initial feasibility of functional grading, improved geometric control and welding will be demonstrated during the option period.

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
835 Stewart Drive
Su, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Samik Das
A12-019      Awarded: 7/2/2012
Title:Develop High Speed Blast Impact Detector System (HVBIDS)
Abstract:Acellent will develop High Speed Blast Impact Detector System-HVBIDS. The system will integrate high frequency sampling modules in the passive monitoring technique to respond to an impact event for generation of wave fields that would become the input of stress-strain reconstruction input in advanced finite element modeling process and perform benchmark study on the responding times. Acellent will develop real time calculation algorithm for the measurement of dynamic strain and stress caused by the impact. The main goal of HV-BIDS is for monitoring high speed blast impact event on the war fighter platforms in situ. HV-BIDS will provide: (1) Real time in-the-field stress measurements under blast loading conditions, (2) The sensor network will survive under blast pressure waves and complex geometrical deformation during or after the impact event, (3) The system can provide immediate measurement during the elastic-plastic transition on the surface of the structure, and (4) The system can provide input for validation of the 3D FEM and material deformation models.

ENGeniusMicro, LLC
500 Bishop Street Suite E-3
At, GA 30318
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 714-8558
Michael Kranz
A12-019      Awarded: 6/4/2012
Title:Real Time Structural Health Monitoring of High Velocity Impact Events
Abstract:This SBIR effort seeks to develop a structural health monitoring system that can monitor structural components of vehicles that are subjected to possible blast loading conditions and high-velocity impacts. The system provides the following characteristics; capable of capturing real-time stress measurements under blast loading conditions, capable of surviving extreme pressure wave environments, adaptable to complex geometries and installation requirements, capable of determining time-dependent elastic-plastic transition on structural surfaces, able to store data for experimental validation of 3D FEM models, and potentially able to be self-powered by external vibrations or other power sources. These characteristics are accomplished through inherently directional acoustic sensors that minimize system complexity and signal processing needs. In addition, wave steering materials and structures provide protection to sensors by redirecting high pressure waves. The Phase I effort will demonstrate simple damage detection utilizing directional sensor elements, as well as sensor survivability under blast loading conditions.

Lite Machines Corp
1291 Cumberland Ave #H
We, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 463-0959
Jon Maynell
A12-020      Awarded: 6/29/2012
Title:Wings and Propulsion for MAV Gust Rejection
Abstract:Need to Add

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
An, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Richard W. Guiler
A12-020      Awarded: 5/18/2012
Title:Reflexive Sense and Control MAV Gust Rejection
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) in collaboration with the West Virginia University (WVU) proposes to develop an innovative bio-inspired system approach for dramatically increasing the efficiency and agility of micro air vehicles (MAVs). The concept is to combine bio- inspired reflexive flight controls, efficient flapping wings and a micro-feather/hair covered membrane boundary layer control wings for a flapping wing MAV that will allow the vehicle to approach the flight efficiency and agility of the Hawkmoth. When successful the commercial potential of this discovery will be far reaching, allowing the development of MAVs that can robustly operate in highly cluttered, dynamic environments in the presents of wind gusts – something that is impossible with today’s MAV designs.

Simpson Weather Associates, Inc.
809 E. Jefferson Street
Ch, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 979-3571
George D Emmitt
A12-021      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Optimizing the use of atmospheric energy to extend range and endurance of low altitude UAVs and small manned aircraft
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed Phase I effort is to thoroughly document the technical feasibility of a platform independent hardware/software system that combines the real-time acquisition of atmospheric data by a small light-weight airborne Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL) with a numerical model and additional atmospheric sensors to provide autonomous in-flight guidance and flight path planning for small manned aircraft or UAVs. The feasibility and advantages will be determined through analysis and computer simulations. The optimum or reasonable mixes of hardware, lidar, additional sensors and aircraft twill be identified and along with consequential impacts to the core feature detection and flight path planning and software. This information will be further used to guide us in the complete lidar-centric system design during Phase II. Through analysis of archived DWL data, we will also certify the use of airborne DWL data for atmospheric energy feature detection, as well quantifying, through simulation, the advantages of having a DWL onboard compared to using only in-situ sensors and probabilistic energy harvesting strategies.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Au, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
Brad Sallee
A12-021      Awarded: 6/29/2012
Title:Path Optimizing Air Current LADAR (POACL)
Abstract:Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) and Texas A&M University (TAMU) propose a Path Optimized Air Current LADAR whose sensor is composed of SPEC Gen IV LADAR seeker modified for coherent Doppler operation allowing air current Doppler detection beyond 3km in 3D pixels (voxels) in a 90 degree cone. This feeds an algorithm package which determines the optimal flight path to avoid bad conditions and takes advantage of lift and wind direction to minimize fuel consumption. A critical element of the proposed atmospheric energy extraction system is a flight control algorithm that can successfully maneuver the aircraft to exploit energy sources. The energy sources are vertical uplifts, wind direction, wind gradients and transient gusts. The Gen IV LADAR features 2 inch aperture, deep waveform capture capability and pipeline processing for real time image output. Fully miniaturized the Doppler LADAR will be 3.5 inches diameter by 9.5 inches long. The LADAR includes MEMS IMU, image comparison and GPS inputs to obtain global stabilized 3D image, allowing coherent update of voxels over a second, necessary for detection low speed air currents and determining the vector direction of the air current using changing view angle during flight.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Id, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 304-0100
Matt King
A12-022      Awarded: 7/19/2012
Title:Surface Engineering Technologies for Improved Gear Efficiency
Abstract:The overall goal of this project is to develop an optimized surface texture process in order to maximize the efficiency of rolling/sliding contacts such as gears. Development of this high efficiency, rolling/sliding surface will be guided by Sentient's unique combination of modeling capabilities in the area of mixed-EHL contacts, scuffing, and contact fatigue life prediction. Phase I will focus on demonstrating the feasibility of the approach. This will be accomplished by developing the required modeling technologies and demonstrating them for a simple representative geometry. Additionally, simple coupon-level experimental verification of frictional performance gains from each of the proposed technologies will be performed. Phase I will prove that the proposed surface modification approaches are fundamentally sound before the technology is further developed to include more complex gear geometries.

Wedeven Associates, Inc.
5072 West Chester Pike
Ed, PA 19028
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 356-7161
Vern Wedeven
A12-022      Awarded: 6/8/2012
Title:Surface Engineering Technologies for Improved Gear Efficiency
Abstract:The traction (friction) of a tribological contact under low EHD film thickness relative to the surface roughness of the contacting pair is significantly influenced by the surface roughness. A reduction in roughness toward a superfinished surface reduces the traction coefficient. Gear efficiency for fuel economy can be improved with reduced gear surface roughness. The proposed cost effective effort uses run-in polishing (RIP) with special oil formulations as a means to reduce roughness in an assembled gear component or mechanical system. The notion of run-in polishing is illustrated with aeropropulsion gear materials and special aviation oil formulations. The formulations use reactive additives with good EP and poor anti- wear attributes. The addition of nano-additives enhances polishing wear. With an appropriate run-in protocol, surface polishing and traction coefficient equivalent to superfinishing is achieved. The proposed effort develops run-in polishing for Army gear materials and oils.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Ne, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0505
John A. Kosek, Ph.D.
A12-023      Awarded: 6/22/2012
Title:A Direct Hydrocarbon Solid Acid Fuel Cell
Abstract:Solid-state fuel cells operating at intermediate temperatures of 200–300°C are attractive energy conversion devices because they combine many advantages of high- and low- temperature fuel cells, i.e., high durability to CO poisoning, simplified water management, increased energy conversion efficiency, and application of metals and resins for construction materials, etc. However, they have not yet been developed because of the absence of good ionic conductors with high thermal stability at intermediate temperatures. Due to their higher operating temperature, solid acid fuel cells are tolerant to the presence of percent levels of CO and have the potential to operate using a direct hydrocarbon feed. To further develop the solid acid fuel cell, Giner, Inc., based on its experience in high temperature electrolyte development, will develop the high temperature electrolyte for use in a solid acid fuel cell operating on a direct hydrocarbon gas feed. The fuel cell will be designed to operate over a wide temperature range. Specific objectives include anode catalyst fabrication, solid acid development, and single cell and three-cell stack fuel cell operation. When fully developed, the solid acid fuel cell system will produce 50 W with a minimum system energy density of 1000 Wh/kg.

SAFCell, Inc.
36 South Chester Avenue
Pa, CA 91106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 795-0029
Hau Duong
A12-023      Awarded: 6/22/2012
Title:Feasibility Study for a Propane Fueled 50 W SAFC System
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Army's need for high-energy density, lightweight power sources for the dismounted warrior. The project proposes directly integrating a propane fuel reformer with the state of the art in solid acid fuel cell (SAFC) stacks to prove the feasibility of producing a 50 W person-portable, rugged, and efficient power supply utilizing propane fuel, capable of operating over 500 hours with a system energy density of 1000 Whr/kg.

IRDT Solutions, Inc
2850 Mesa Verde Drive East, Unit 103
Co, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 717-6675
Honnavalli R Vydyanath
A12-024      Awarded: 5/6/2012
Title:Dislocation reduction in LWIR HgCdTe epitaxial layers grown on alternate substrates
Abstract:Phase I objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of our approach to reduce the dislocation density to below 1E5 cm-2 in LWIR HgCdTe epitaxial layers grown on Si substrates. Phase II objective is to demonstrate dislocation density to below 1E5 cm-2 reproducibly in LWIR HgCdTe epitaxial layers grown on 3 inch diameter Si substrates and to demonstrate high performance LWIR focal plane arrays in 2Kx2K or larger formats.

SOAL Technologies LLC
10012 S. 86th Ct.
Pa, IL 60465
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 301-4054
Rasdip Singh
A12-024      Awarded: 5/6/2012
Title:Dislocation reduction in LWIR HgCdTe epitaxial layers grown on alternate substrates
Abstract:Mercury cadmium telluride (HgCdTe) is used in ultrahigh performance infrared (IR) detectors and focal plane arrays (FPAs) used by both the DoD and NASA. This material has been shown to be unique in many ways in comparison to other IR materials. For example, it is possible to scan over the entire infrared spectrum (i.e. LWIR/MWIR/SWIR) by controlling the growth composition of HgCdTe, which is accomplished via an atomically controlled method called Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE). MBE of HgCdTe on silicon substrates has been used to routinely grow complex structures, including multi-junction heterostructures and superlattices. However, while the growth of HgCdTe/Si is more-or-less under control for SWIR/MWIR, LWIR devices are another story. This inconsistency, in general, comes from the fact that unlike SWIR/MWIR HgCdTe/Si devices which can operate with a relatively large amount of dislocations, the LWIR devices are strongly affected by dislocations. These dislocations are attributed to the large lattice mismatch (~19%) and difference in thermal expansion coefficients between the silicon substrate and the HgCdTe layer which creates strain and ultimately large defect densities. Here, we develop an innovative process to reduce the number of defects on HgCdTe/Si - leading to better HgCdTe device performance, especially in the LWIR region.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Ca, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
James Niehaus
A12-025      Awarded: 4/18/2012
Title:Game Environment Interlingua to Support Tutoring (GEIST)
Abstract:Intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) provide a powerful new mechanism to improve education by providing one-on-one tutoring interactions without the need for a human tutor. Unfortunately, many domains of learning, especially those that focus on physical skills, require the creation of complex simulations that incur significant development overhead. While modern computer-based game engines are able to simulate these concrete, dynamic domains to great degrees of interactivity and fidelity, they lack formal feedback and training mechanisms. Therefore, to enable high-quality pedagogical feedback with interactive high- fidelity simulation, cost-effective methods are needed to integrate existing and new ITS solutions with modern computer-based game engines. We propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Game Environment Interlingua to Support Tutoring (GEIST), a generalized architecture to integrate ITS solutions with modern computer-based games. GEIST: (1) reduces ITS-game environment integration effort using a ITS-game interlingua; (2) intelligently configures the game environment to present ITS problems; (3) monitors, interprets, and reports student actions to the ITS during training; and (4) communicates feedback from the ITS to the trainee through the game environment. The GEIST design is based on our team’s existing work in ITSs, planning, knowledge representation, and game environment integration.

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fo, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
Benjamin Bell
A12-025      Awarded: 5/11/2012
Title:Game-based Architecture for Mentor-Enhanced Training Environments (GAMETE)
Abstract:The widespread use of serious games for military training has been accompanied by a growing concern that too little attention is paid to the underlying instructional design or pedagogical theory. Even in objective-driven game design, serious games with cognitive learning objectives can lack effective, customized performance feedback. Tutoring systems, such as AutoTutor, create opportunities for learners to elaborate on answers they have given in response to a tutor’s questions, prompts for information, suggestions for actions, etc. AutoTutor for instance has an animated conversation agent and a dialog management facility that attempts to comprehend the learner's inputs and to appropriately respond. One way to incorporate performance feedback in serious games is to embed a tutoring system with similar functionality into the virtual environment. Specifically, the animated conversation agent would become an in-game character who interacts with the user. CHI Systems, a small business innovator in simulation and game-based training, proposes the Game-based Architecture for Mentor-Enhanced Training Environments (GAMETE), an instructionally sound interface architecture and modular interactive tutor-game framework for pairing games with tutoring technologies. We will demonstrate GAMETE through two initial exemplars (AutoTutor and a widely-used game engine) in a Soldier-relevant training domain, and illustrate the general applicability of this framework.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2304
Jennifer Roberts
A12-026      Awarded: 4/13/2012
Title:Expert Models Using (Machine) Learning to Accelerate Training system Engineering (EMULATE)
Abstract:Rapid development of expert models would enable the expansion of computer-based training to new training domains, but current methods for defining expert models are labor intensive, require large amounts of expert time, and often require the experts to understand aspects of the underlying technology. To reduce the amount of expert interaction required to develop a model, Aptima proposes EMULATE: Expert Models Using (Machine) Learning to Accelerate Training system Engineering (EMULATE). EMULATE’s Bayesian Inverse Reinforcement Learning (IRL) algorithms will observe experts and learn to mimic their behavior by working backward from observations of expert actions – which are often fragmentary or incomplete – to a representation of expert goals, preferences, and beliefs. EMULATE will feature expert model learning and data collection software modules that will integrate with simulation games and other types of intelligent tutoring system learning environments to provide feedback to students about how their behavior compares to that of experts. EMULATE will build on Aptima’s Performance Measurement Engine to collect expert data from multiple training environments and demonstrate its ability to rapidly learn expert models in three complex training domains, including multi-UAS route planning.

Eduworks Corporation
136 SW Washington Ste 203
Co, OR 97333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 753-0844
Robby Robson
A12-026      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Tools for Rapid Automated Development of Expert Models (TRADEM)
Abstract:We will investigate, test and evaluate a new method for machine generation of domain and expert models for intelligent tutoring systems. This method uses a corpus of instructional, training, and procedural content that is semantically related to a domain of instruction. Semantic analysis, text analysis, and machine learning are applied to the domain corpus to identify competencies, map relationships and extract constraint statements that represent expert actions and behaviors. This method results in data that can be used by model-tracing, example-tracing, and constraint-based intelligent tutoring systems. It can incorporate information generated in a Virtual World or game-based training environment and, as an automated process, can continually update its underlying models. We will test the proposed method using concept maps and content sources for Elementary Mathematics and Cognitive Psychology and with competencies and data used to develop simulation-based training for combat medics. We will evaluate technical feasibility by using our method to program variants of AutoTutor. Finally, we will investigate compatibility with the event data model architecture defined in the Simulations for Integrated Learning Environments (SIMILE) project and will provide a high level system design for a prototype implementation compatible with the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT).

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2465
Charlotte Shabarekh
A12-027      Awarded: 5/4/2012
Title:STREAM: Streamlined TRaining Extraction and Architecture Model
Abstract:Considerable effort is required to establish and maintain a centralized organization of training capabilities to facilitate the identification, development and delivery of training. Many tools for structuring information, and extracting and analyzing knowledge from source documents exist in the commercial, academic, and government communities. However, these techniques and technologies have rarely been applied in the training domain since training is often derived from SME driven information and representations. Aptima, Inc. proposes to develop the Streamlined TRaining Extraction and Architecture Model (STREAM) which focuses on supporting training developers through the creation of a robust, mutable, structured data representation that organizes the wide range of training information. STREAM leverages enhanced machine learning technologies and advanced visualization techniques. The resulting data representation will support navigation of the complex relationships which will facilitate improvements in training development with less reliance on the limited availability of SME expertise. A database structured with this representation would provide a centralized authoritative repository that would capture and organize multiple training solutions.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Ca, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Brad Rosenberg
A12-027      Awarded: 4/17/2012
Title:Collaborative Repository and Exchange for Adaptable Training Environments (CREATE)
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden when authoring training content to meet the rapidly changing nature of potential threats and adversaries. Currently, training material is often tied to the implementation platform and cannot be easily redeployed to new platforms or systems. In addition, training materials cannot be easily explored or managed through a single system. To increase the efficiency of training authoring and application, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Collaborative Repository and Exchange for Adaptable Training Environments (CREATE). CREATE eases the difficulty of authoring, managing, and deploying training content by providing a collaborative, semantically-driven environment to explore and manage training materials, integrated with a collection of abstract-level authoring tools that can deploy the same training content to multiple training systems.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 486-2429
Sylvain Bruni
A12-028      Awarded: 5/4/2012
Title:LVC&G-AED: Live Virtual Constructive and Game – Assisted Experimental Design
Abstract:Many individuals are involved with the creation of a Live Virtual Constructive & Gaming (LVC&G) simulator and scenarios, from simulator programmers to subject matter experts. However, there is currently no systematic method for evaluating modifications or additions to simulation environments from these multiple perspectives. To meet this need, Aptima proposes to develop LVC&G-AED (Live Virtual Constructive & Game - Assisted Experimental Designer), an interface and software solution that will guide individuals through the ten-step research process from defining the research question, choosing variables of interest, and developing relevant measures. This process is both sufficiently high level to capture the questions of the various personnel involved in simulation development, and sufficiently rigorous to ensure that specific research questions are addressed. The primary focus of Phase I is to create a Research Question Decomposer that will guide users in creating a valid research study. Situational Calculus and Partially Observable Markov Decision Process algorithms will be developed to explore the state space of the simulator and the research paradigm. The LVC&G-AED will be usable by any individual regardless of background to create experimental scenarios.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Ca, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Mike Farry
A12-028      Awarded: 5/10/2012
Title:An AO Decomposition Tool for Semi-Automated Analysis and Graphical Exploration (AO-SAGE)
Abstract:Live, Virtual, Constructive, and Gaming (LVC&G) simulations can be powerful tools for conducting operational analysis in the US Army. However, significant gaps in expertise, skills, and knowledge exist between Operations Research System Analysts (ORSAs), experiment or exercise directors, and the engineers that create and configure the simulations. A tool is needed to help ORSAs analyze and decompose the analysis objective (AO) into meaningful parts that other stakeholders can understand and use. To effectively create accurate AO decompositions and address the needs of all stakeholders, we will design and demonstrate the feasibility of an AO Decomposition Tool for Semi-Automated Analysis and Graphical Exploration (AO-SAGE). Our solution consists of three primary components. First, AO-SAGE will provide detailed visual representations of analysis objectives that are easily understandable to all stakeholders. Second, AO-SAGE will supplement analysts’ insight with computer processing of all available relevant information. Third, AO-SAGE will provide a technique for collecting feedback from all stakeholders distributed across space and time.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
Sa, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
A12-029      Awarded: 4/19/2012
Title:Biomimicry Based Azimuth Sensing
Abstract:Weapon azimuth measurements are used to determine the aiming accuracy between the shooter and intended target during training exercises. The current technology, however, has severe limitations due to high cost, high power consumption, and excessive weight. Also it has limited usability because it requires frequent labor intensive field calibrations. We propose an innovative approach for azimuth sensing that emulates nature’s own design used by various birds and insects. Under this program, we propose to build a brass board prototype, develop advanced data reduction and azimuth sensing algorithm, carry out a performance analysis and experimentally evaluate performance of the prototype under various atmospheric conditions. Finally, we propose to develop initial design of the Phase II prototype. In the Phase II program, we will design, build, and field demonstrate a production like prototype of the advanced celestial compass.

3 Sigma Research, Inc.
503 S. River Oaks Dr.
In, FL 32903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 674-9267
James Dike
A12-030      Awarded: 6/5/2012
Title:Controlled Mobile Agents
Abstract:3 Sigma Research proposes an innovative concept to provide timely, relevant, and accurate information to enable real-time decision on semantic, temporal, and/or geospatial data source. Our concept leverages lessons learned from our semantic research on packaged ontology contexts, and infuses new, broader innovations so that applications can use an underlying Cloud Distribution Scheme and potentially remove many of the obstacles that hinder move the computation across the network to distributed cloud data stores rather than the data to the computational resources of a large cloud node. The Packaged Analytics Context - Cloud Distribution Scheme (PANC-CDS) Investigation will explore the concept for a CDS architecture that makes use of a PANC associated with analytics’ computational task and content that facilitates managed delivery of needed analytics using a combination of advanced peer-to-peer sharing techniques with an ontological overlay network scheme to extend automated, appropriate, delivery controls for analytics. Our approach seeks to combine the power of ontology-based reasoning components in scalable open architecture with an overlay network scheme to address the process of efficiently managing the distribution and synchronization of analytics over a subset of content, by making intelligent decisions with regard to cloud node connections.

Machine Analytics
2 York Road
Be, MA 02478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 797-1077
Subrata Das
A12-030      Awarded: 5/3/2012
Title:Mobile Agent-based Distributed Search and Analytics Tool (MADSAT)
Abstract:The Army’s intelligence and operational information sources in the era of net-centric warfare and cloud computing are highly distributed and diverse. The challenge is to meet the wide variety of requirements of battle command staff who search for and analyze data for mission- and time-critical decisions. Time criticality, data source autonomy, and bandwidth limitations impose further constraints on transferring relevant data to local computational nodes. Mobile agents take computations at data sources, thus maintaining the autonomy of individual data sources, but security is a prime concern in regards to their free movement. Here we propose to design and develop a Mobile Agent-based Distributed Search and Analytics Tool (MADSAT), where a web interface allows agents to be spawned within a controlled environment for increased security. MADSAT translates a search query to a set of sub- queries via a combination of planning and traditional database query optimization techniques. MADSAT then spawns mobile agents corresponding to sub-queries for retrieving data from appropriate sources and then filters and merges data from these agents and returns the answers. For complex analytics supporting situational awareness and decision-aiding, query decomposition and remote execution of mobile codes are guided by a distributed fusion architecture based on Bayesian Network models.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Ranga Narayanaswami
A12-031      Awarded: 4/10/2012
Title:SLICE: Spoken Language Identification from Commonly-occuring Words & Context Evaluation
Abstract:United States Army personnel, as part of their overseas operations, must regularly interact with the local populations and interpret local audio feeds (such as radio transmission, news reports, etc.). While human translators are sometimes available for this purpose, their numbers are limited and their use often requires exposure to risk. Furthermore, many scenarios require urgent translation of speech, thereby necessitating automated, efficient translation. The first step in such an automated system, determining which foreign language translation engine is to be used, remains an important unresolved issue. SSCI's proposed approach to an Automatic Spoken Language Recognition (ASLR) will be based on a probabalistic approach to matching an incoming speech transmission to a database of frequently occurring words in a language. In addition, SSCI will also make use of additional contextual information, such as location, previous (recent) identifications and user feedback to ensure a robust language identification algorithm.

Voci Technologies Incorporated
P.O. Box 55
Al, PA 15101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 908-9587
John Kominek
A12-031      Awarded: 4/23/2012
Title:Automatic Spoken Language Recognition for Machine Foreign Language Translation (MFLT)
Abstract:Voci Technologies Incorporated (Voci™) is partnering with Bhiksha Raj, a Voci advisor and Professor at Carnegie Mellon University, to prototype an Automated Spoken Language Recognition System (ASLRS) specifically designed to enhance the utility of Speech to Speech Machine Foreign Language Translation (MFLT) systems for the warfighter. The proposed ASLRS will be developed by tailoring Voci’s existing language identification technologies to fulfill the requirements of an efficient MFLT preprocessor. To provide best in class accuracy, a combination of techniques will be used including acoustic UBM-GMM (Universal-Background-Model/Gaussian-Mixture-Model), and PPRLM-SVM (Parallel- Phonetic-Recognition-Language-Model/Support-Vector-Machine). To meet the ASLRS real-time requirements a groundbreaking, patent pending, multi-language phonetic dictionary capable of doing phonetic recognition in all 6 target languages in a single pass will be utilized. An open-set based solution will be provided so that the ASLRS will recognize when an out of domain language is spoken. To ensure that the resulting ASLRS is generally applicable, it will be architected to be an open system that is easily integratable with existing MFLT solutions. To ensure that the system provides reliable results, even in noisy environment, the system will incorporate noise robust features. Finally, to address the shortcomings of existing solutions in real-world field conditions, the Voci Team will integrate an online incremental learning capability into the ASLRS so that it can adapt to different accents and noise conditions that exist during field use. At the end of Phase I the Team will demonstrate the prototype ASLR system. We believe the final implementation will yield a revolutionary new ASLR capability.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Ro, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 663-6358
Stephen McCarthy
A12-032      Awarded: 4/17/2012
Title:Mitigation of Range/Doppler Straddle for Radar Coherent Processing
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to develop track-before-detect algorithms to provide greater signal processing gain for pulsed-Doppler radars. We will develop signal processing techniques to be used in next-generation ground-based radars to detect and track objects of interest. We will perform a feasibility analysis of the proposed technique on high-speed, low RCS targets. In addition, we will deliver a detailed report on the analysis, results, conclusions and a proposed feasibility plan to address this effort.

Integrated Adaptive Applications, Inc
2681 SW 103rd Street
Ga, FL 32608
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 480-9617
Luzhou Xu
A12-032      Awarded: 4/12/2012
Title:Real-time Range/Doppler Migration Mitigation Techniques for Enhanced Moving Target Detection
Abstract:This SBIR project aims to address one of the greatest challenges in the Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM) area, i.e., high-speed low-RCS target detection. To tackle this challenge, an innovative moving target detection scheme, including a simple but effective range/Doppler migration mitigation algorithm, is proposed. Our preliminary evaluation indicates that the proposed approach can significantly enhance moving target detection performance via increasing the coherent processing interval (CPI), and is able to automatically resolve the Doppler ambiguity problem. Moreover, the proposed approach has comparable computational complexity to existing moving target detection algorithms. Hence, it can be incorporated into currently fielded or future radar systems without requiring any hardware modifications. In Phase I, we will refine and customize the proposed approach, and will fully evaluate its technical feasibility in terms of effectiveness, robustness, computational complexity, memory requirement, and implementation simplicity using both simulated and SRC field-collected data. In Phase II, we will integrate the proposed algorithm into a hardware radar platform for real-time performance evaluations and demonstration.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Highway, Suite 330
Fa, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 308-1402
Mark Sullivan
A12-033      Awarded: 4/23/2012
Title:Tactical Interference Cancellation Equipment (TICE)
Abstract:Azure Summit's approach to this problem is to develop a TICE interference cancellation device that can be inserted between any SIGINT antenna and SIGINT receiver without requiring modifications to existing designs. Azure Summit brings several different technology approaches and tools to bear for this problem, including an Analog Adaptive Equalizer (currently prototyped in the lab), and an Analog Beamformer being studied and to be prototyped soon for a DARPA program, with two other candidate approaches under current study or development. In Phase I of this SBIR, Azure will take a step back and perform a trade study to investigate the applicability and feasibility of each of these technologies to the Army SIGINT cosite problem. We will select the appropriate techniques given the specifics of the problem, and the SWaP/cost constraints, and perform simulations to quantify the expected performance. We will develop a TICE system architecture and system specification, and document everything in a final report.

Photonic Systems, Inc.
900 Middlesex Turnpike Building #5
Bi, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 670-4990
Charles H. Cox, III
A12-033      Awarded: 4/4/2012
Title:High-power Interference Canceller with Optional Self-generated Reference
Abstract:PSI proposes a new signal interference cancellation technique, which can be integrated into existing SIGINT receiver systems, that permits signal detection and processing in the presence of high-power cosite interferes, which may be transmitting at the same time and/or on the same/nearby frequencies as the signal(s) of interest (SOI). The new PSI canceller is inserted between the antenna and RF input of any system. The PSI approach uses cancelling of the interfering signal instead of timing, filtering or attenuation to reduce its deleterious effects. The canceller cancels only the high-power interfering signal(s), leaving the desired SOI unaffected. The approach operates continuously and does not require operational time-sharing between the SIGINT receiver and the high-power transmitter. Consequently it is effective against a non-cooperative interfering transmitter. Hence a SIGINT receiver can operate continuously – with full capability – in the presence of strong interfering signals that are operating on the same or nearby frequencies. The new PSI canceller is broad bandwidth, can improve the signal-to-interference ratio by >> 10 dB and has a fast response. The new PSI canceller can be applied to existing and future tactical mounted and dismounted systems with severe size, weight and power (SWaP) constraints, in a cost effective manner.

EOIR Technologies, Inc.
P.O.Box 1240
Sp, VA 22553
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 331-7974
Matt Gripaldi
A12-034      Awarded: 5/3/2012
Title:Real-Time Handling and Planning System for Operational Decisions (RHAPSODy)
Abstract:EOIR Technologies understands the Army has a requirement for a real time/near real time thin client collaboration environment to support the EW common picture/battle management that integrates with DCGS-A, and does not rely on proprietary technology, extensive hardware or other dependencies that would increase cost or risk, or limit the field-ability and interoperability of the collaborative environment. As the developer of Impulse, EOIR has expert knowledge in the development of collaborative environments. In Phase I, EOIR will compare and contrast the OWF, imPulse, and HTML5 as viable technologies for developing a bi-directional, real time collaboration environment. EOIR has developed numerous software components using these technologies and will leverage these components in conducting our evaluation. EOIR has already begun the process of comparing OWF, imPulse, and HTML-5 technologies and will continue to develop and refine our analysis to deliver a recommendation and road map for migration of these technologies into a single baseline as part of our final report for Phase I.

Harmonia Holdings Group
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Bl, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
A12-034      Awarded: 5/7/2012
Title:Who/What/When/Where/How/Why Approach to Designing RHAPSODy for real-time collaboration and coordination
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to design a means to provide a thin-client collaboration and coordination environment suitable for use in the real-time environment of the warfighter with a focus on Electronic Warfare (EW) system operators. This will be accomplished through performing thorough analyses of both the EW system environment and of enabling web technologies such as Ozone Widget Framework (OWF) and HTML5. Harmonia will utilize knowledge gained from performing work (1) developing ‘common picture’ widgets using OWF for the Navy C2RPC system, (2) implementing collaboration and coordination capabilities for the Navy and DARPA, and (3) applying strategies involving hardening and caching to ensure system performance on Disconnected, Intermittent, Limited Communications (DIL) networks to provide a best-fit concept architecture utilizing modern, web-based technologies to meet the Army needs for real-time, two-way collaboration and coordination capabilities. The goal of our approach is to provide a means for increased information sharing and communication by EW operators to ultimately provide commanders with greater flexibility for battle management strategies not by simply performing a study of technologies but by focusing on answering the six key questions of Who, What, When, Where, How, and Why to get to the heart of the Army EW collaboration and coordination needs.

Dragonfly Pictures, Inc.
PO Box 202 West End of Second Street
Es, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-6115
Rich Billingslea
A12-035      Awarded: 7/18/2012
Title:Helicopter Hostile Fire Indicator (HFI) Sensor Development
Abstract:Acoustic directional information has always been based upon measuring the difference between sound pressure signals at different locations, just like human hearing (two ears spaced apart). A new sensor technology for battlefield acoustics has emerged that measures acoustic particle velocity instead of sound pressure. Unlike sound pressure, that is a non- directional scalar value, acoustic particle velocity is a directional vector value which can be used to measure a shooter’s location. Dragonfly Pictures, Inc. (DPI) proposes to use this novel acoustic vector sensor (AVS) as an Acoustic Hostile Fire Locator (AHFL). No known sensor is as light, 100 grams (0.22 lbs), as small, the size of a dice, and efficient, consuming less than 100 mA. It is proposed to test the sensor in a fully instrumented autonomous Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) UAS in Phase I. This prepares us to test against small arms, RPGs, MANPADS, to prove its effectiveness at detecting, classifying and locating the threat with <10 meter circular error probable at <1km range in Phase II.

Syntonics LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Co, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-0500
Eugene Y. Lee
A12-035      Awarded: 5/11/2012
Title:Helicopter Hostile Fire Indicator (HFI) Sensor Development
Abstract:Syntonics proposes to develop the Staring Projectile Detection Radar (SPiDR) for helicopters. SPiDR is an ultra wideband (UWB) “noise” radar that stares at an approximately 3 GHz wide portion of the 6-30 GHz band. SPiDR detects incoming and near-miss projectiles ranging from slow RPGs to fast rifle bullets. SPiDR uses existing radar and signal processing electronic concepts that have already been successfully demonstrated. Staring UWB noise radar are lightweight, elegantly simple, intrinsically low cost/low power devices that use low probability-of-detection (LPD) spread-spectrum radio frequency signals to detect and range on objects. Using LPD signals at power levels comparable to the environmental RF noise floor means the radar can operate without detectable electronic signature. SPiDR’s detection and ranging technique is intrinsically immune to helicopter vibration and maneuvering. SPiDR’s radar modules are small and can be mechanically integrated in a variety of ways including as conformal patches on the helicopter’s fuselage alongside existing threat sensors, or as a single multi-sided squat pyramid under the helicopter. Integrating SPiDR’s user interface with the AN/AVR-2B Laser Warning System or Advanced Aircraft Survivability Equipment (AASE) should be feasible.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Ga, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
A12-036      Awarded: 5/22/2012
Title:Multi-vehicle OCU for Control and Awareness (MOCA)
Abstract:This project will develop an operator control unit (OCU) which is capable of simultaneously controlling a heterogeneous mix of autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles, both land and air, with varying capabilities, and while avoiding operator overload. Current control units suffer from three distinct flaws. 1) The user interface is vehicle centric, where status information and commands are specific to one vehicle at a time. Usually this constrains a single operator to control one or maybe a few assets from a single station, preventing the type of force multiplication required for any other mission than single vehicle tele-operation. 2) Also, they usually overload the operator with too much information and too many controls to make quick mission-level decisions, or to even accurately understand the mission state, both at the global and the situational awareness levels. 3) Furthermore, the status information and controls are not contextually applicable to the task being executed. The proposed OCU will allow for a group of heterogeneous land/air/sea platforms to connect through an open architecture, while using various interface techniques to mitigate operator overload. The result will be a control unit which allows for fast, mission-level decisions with the best contextually applicable knowledge available at any given time.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
An, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 887-7606
Jacob Crossman
A12-036      Awarded: 5/24/2012
Title:Enhanced Operator Situational Awareness for Multi-Unmanned Vehicle Teams
Abstract:SoarTech proposes to research and design an intelligent, multi-vehicle operator control unit that we call Sapient. Sapient will monitor the mission and behavior of a team of heterogeneous UVs and 1. present the user with filtered, focused information about the mission, 2. detect and project important events and alert the user to them, 3. detect and reconcile with the user potential situation ambiguities, and 4. automate the presentation of critical contextual information to the user. Sapient will enable the management-by-exception control scheme – allowing operators to spend less time interacting with the system and more time doing other important tasks. To achieve these results Sapient will implement computational situation awareness (CSA), and use it as a basis for intelligent control of UI displays derived from game design. Computational SA will act as a surrogate user maintaining attention on the mission and sub- tasks so that the user doesn’t have to. When opportunities and issues are encountered, it will communicate SA to the operator via visualizations and other interface modes so that the operator can make the critical control decisions.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Steve Wu
A12-037      Awarded: 7/26/2012
Title:High Speed and Low Operating Voltage Laser Q-Switch
Abstract:A laser Q-Switch with a low drive voltage and low insertion loss is needed. Today’s electro- optic crystal Q-switch requires high voltage, and the saturable absorber passive Q-switch introduces significant losses in the cavity. Agiltron, Inc., an experienced manufacturer of MEMS chips and MEMS based optical switches, proposes to develop a new MEMS-based laser Q-switch which is compact, ruggedized and only needs less than 200 V drive voltage. The design will be the first MEMS laser Q- switch optimized specifically to meet the requirements for use in designation, marking, and range-finding, and will possess properties of reliability, miniature size, low optical loss, and resistance to shock and can work over a temperature range of -40 to +60 degrees Celsius. Three advances in Agiltron switch technology will be combined to achieve these goals, including a new MEMS actuation mechanism, vast experience in laser systems, and qualified packaging. The MEMS Q- switch will be modeled and fabricated in Phase I. And 20 optimized Q-switch modulators will be built and delivered in Phase II.

Mirrorcle Technologies, Inc.
2700 Rydin Road Unit F
Ri, CA 94804
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 384-4158
Veljko Milanovic
A12-037      Awarded: 9/17/2012
Title:Compact, Low Power, and High Speed MEMS Mirror Based Laser Q-Switch
Abstract:Q-switched lasers have the ability to create short, high energy laser pulses and therefore have many medical, industrial and military applications. Ultra compact laser designators (ULD) and laser range finders (LRF) are typical military applications requiring portable pulsed laser sources, where pulses are generated by Q-switched Nd:YAG or Erbium-glass lasers. Their active, electro-optic Q-switches require costly crystals, polarizers, and bulky high voltage (~3kV) pulse generators. Saturable absorber-based passive Q-switches are inexpensive and simple, but introduce significant optical losses resulting in low laser efficiency. This project aims to develop a high efficiency and low cost MEMS mirror Q- switch which will increase laser performance, reduce complexity and size, reduce power consumption, and reduce cost over existing technology. Mirrorcle Technologies single- and dual-axis scanning mirrors are ideally suited for this purpose. They are fast, highly compact, and require negligible power consumption. Mirrors are scalable from <1mm to several millimeters for different laser designs and wavelengths, and can be separately coated with high-reflectivity coatings before assembly with actuators. Gimbal-less dual-axis approach enables fast switching and “alignment in the field” capability and compensation for thermal and mechanical alignment drifts. Mirror performance can be tuned to specific laser requirements. Driver circuits fit on a credit-card sized PCB.

MARK Resources, Inc.
3878 Carson Street, Suite 210
To, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 543-4746
Richard L Mitchell
A12-038      Awarded: 8/22/2012
Title:Low-Power, Low-Cost Radar for Personnel Detection and Classification
Abstract:MARK Resources proposes to develop a small, lightweight, low-power, and low-cost radar system for detecting and discriminating humans at short range. Unlike optics, it will be an all-weather sensor. It will employ high resolution in range and Doppler to detect slow moving targets in clutter and discriminate them on the basis of arm and leg motions. The primary challenge is meeting the low-power and low-cost requirements.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
To, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
A12-038      Awarded: 7/25/2012
Title:Body Heat-Based Range-Extended All-Weather Covert Human Detector
Abstract:To address the Army’s need to detect and classify human intrusion, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop a Body Heat-Based Range-Extended All-Weather Covert Human (BREACH) Detector. The system’s novel design combines thermopile-based sensing with novel signal extraction and cross registered feature verification algorithms. The stand-alone and camouflaged BREACH detector (7 in. x 7 in. x 7 in., ~4 lb) that can be mounted on a tree, electrical pole, or a tripod, passively detects infrared radiation from the target and is hence safe for use with humans and animals. Its small size and camouflaging covers make it undetectable. The key innovations in BREACH allow high accuracy (98%), extended range (300 m), low-power operation (100 mW), and low sensor material cost ($400). The detector’s multi-feature verification (pattern, speed and relative temperature) reduces false alarms while its spatial referencing eliminates the common-mode internal noise to improve the SNR. In Phase I, POC will develop a BREACH detector model, perform analysis, and develop a bench-top prototype. This TRL 3-4 prototype will be tested for its human detection performance at 300 m under day-and-night condition. In Phase II, we plan to build and validate a complete TRL 5-6 detector, demonstrate its field worthiness, and evaluate its productization.

Plasmonics Inc.
12565 Research Parkway Suite 300
Or, FL 32826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 574-3107
David Shelton
A12-038      Awarded: 9/10/2012
Title:Extended Range Low Power Personnel Detection and Classification Sensor
Abstract:The research and development proposed here will examine using sparse-linear-detector- array configurations to lower the power consumption of personnel detection sensors. Plasmonics will design and test a bread board LWIR pyroelectric sensor to show that detector arrays with sufficient sensitivity to meet the application needs can be built. Optical systems that can reliably detect and classify humans out to a range of 300 m will also be designed to establish feasibility. The goal of the project is to create a sparse detector array that can achieve sufficient range and resolution to detect and classify humans without the need for a power consuming ROIC. Packaging of such a detector array will be designed and investigated in Phase I.

EnerGaia
699 W Carob Ste 2
Ch, AZ 85248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 370-6382
Steve T. Cho
A12-039      Awarded: 9/26/2012
Title:Electroless Plating of Indium Bumps for High Operating Temperatures (HOT) Mid-Wave (MW) Sensors
Abstract:Advanced hybrid packaging for MWIR FPA devices has considerable challenges in terms of increasing pixel density. These processes are based on Indium bumping; however, the current approach to deposition has scaling and cost issues. EnerGaia has a technology based on acoustic electroless deposition which can meet these requirements. Ultrasonic energy coupled to a plating solution has been proven to replace additives and improve uniformity by 40%. The additional energy source improves agitation, increases the kinetic energy of the ions, and reduces the boundary layer at deposition. Parameters such as grain size and crystal composition can be controlled. The EnerGaia process minimizes chemistry usage, which reduces cost as well as environmental waste.

Sky Research, Inc
445 Dead Indian Memorial Rd
As, OR 97520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-5151
Gregory Schultz
A12-040      Awarded: 8/29/2012
Title:Advanced Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) Techniques for Buried Explosive Hazard Detection and Characterization
Abstract:We present the evaluation and demonstration of advanced electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensor modalities to enhance US Army capabilities to detect and characterize buried explosive hazards (BEHs). This technology addresses the need within the US Army for improved detection and characterization of both shallow (flush to 1 m) and deeply buried (greater than 1 m) explosive threats. The proposed research will advance capabilities in BEH detection and characterization by demonstrating a hardware solution and data processing approach that leverages recent advances in wideband miniature atomic magnetic field sensors, multi-axis and vector EMI sensors, and physics-based feature analysis. Additionally, this technology will complement existing detection sensor instrumentation, such as Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) systems, by providing an orthogonal set of target feature vectors to support target classification.

TransTech Systems, Inc.
1594 State Street
Sc, NY 12304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 370-5558
Sarah E. Pluta
A12-040      Awarded: 8/24/2012
Title:Use of Electromagnetic Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and Tomography (EIT) for the Detection and Identification of Buried Explosive Hazards
Abstract:The detection of buried explosive hazards (BEH) remains a critical problem. Current combined sensing modalities, like electromagnetic induction and ground-penetrating radar, have demonstrated BEH detection capabilities, but are not optimal. TransTech proposes a novel combination of electromagnetic impedance spectroscopy and tomography for BEH detection and identification. Previous attempts to use electro-resistive techniques have required contact with the soil, or even insertion of rods into the soil, and thus have not proven field-ready. The proposed approach leverages TransTech’s commercial non-contact soil sensing technology currently used to determine the density and moisture of soils using electromagnetic impedance spectroscopy. The proposed approach has the highest potential of meeting the extended needs of the Army, including greater than one meter depth detection, accommodating surface irregularities, and increasing the scanning speed above the current speeds. Finally, this approach has the potential to improve detection of BEH by more thoroughly characterizing the subsurface, hence increasing the probability of detection and reducing the number of false alarms as compared with competing technologies. The proposal team includes TransTech Systems, a leader in developing and commercializing impedance technology, coupled with Applied Research Associates, a recognized expert in BEH detection.

Linearizer Technology, inc.
3 Nami Lane, Unit C-9
Ha, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-8424
Roger Dorval
A12-041      Awarded: 6/22/2012
Title:Advanced Order Linearizer for Satellite Communications
Abstract:LTI has extensive experience producing analog predistortion linearizers for microwave and millimeter-wave bands. Its linearizers are higher order linearizers, based on correcting a PA’s transfer characteristics without cancelling specific order IMD products. LTI designs when integrated with a PA can match the performance of an ideal amplifier. To operate closer to saturation than an ideal amplifier, the peak-to-average characteristics of a signal can be reduced. Limitations of LTI’s linearizers are the need for meticulous tuning to achieve the desired characteristics, and the need for adjustment to match the PA’s specific characteristics. To overcome these limitations, LTI has developed an adaptive analog PDL for Ku-band. This linearizer operates from 13.75 to 14.5 GHz with multicarrier signals and all forms of modulation across its full 750 MHz bandwidth. LTI will produce a prototype Ka-band AAPDL (30-31 GHz) and a preliminary design for a Q-band version. This linearizer will be capable of multicarrier operation over its full instantaneous bandwidth. It will provide across the band and up to saturated power an AM/PM of less than 1 °/dB, and an adjacent channel power ratio approaching that of an ideal amplifier.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fo, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 272-8800
Johana Yan
A12-041      Awarded: 6/22/2012
Title:Advanced Order Linearizer for Satellite Communications
Abstract:The Ka-/Q-band satellite systems offer potential for transportable and mobile communications through the effective use of the wide bandwidths available while requiring that adequate linearity performance be maintained. In environments where size and power conservation is of high importance, power consumption and heat dissipation in the power amplifier (PA) must be minimized. However, it is widely accepted that linearity and efficiency are competing constraints. To address these challenges, MaXentric Technologies proposes a cost-effective linearizer, ALASTx (Adaptive LineArizer for Satellite Transmitters), for high efficiency satellite transmitters, capable of better than -50 dBc ACPR and <2.5°/dB AM-PM using multi-tone signals with modulation bandwidths up to 52 MHz while operating the PA at peak efficiency (0dB backoff). To achieve high linearity while simultaneously maintaining high efficiency, adaptive digital pre-distortion (ADPD) will be used on Ka-/Q-band PA (30-31 GHz and 43.5-45.5 GHz). ADPD offers exceptional linearization capabilities for wide-band systems and, as compared to other schemes, has become very cost-efficient by utilizing a small set of additional resources in an already- existing signal processing unit used for signal generation. Consequently, the ability to characterize an amplifier's nonlinearities and minimize their impact through signal processing has become paramount to remaining competitive in the power amplifier market.

Diffraction, Ltd
186 Mad River Park
Wa, VT 05673
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 496-6640
Robert J. Kogut
A12-042      Awarded: 8/28/2012
Title:Variable Magnification Clip-On Thermal Imager (COTI)
Abstract:Clip-On Thermal Imagers (COTIs) have greatly increased the utility of night vision goggles (NVGs). Fusion of thermal and image intensified imagery has improved the warfighter's ability to quickly detect and then target or record potential targets and threats. Current generation COTIs are unity magnification systems optimized to work with unity magnification optical systems. Modifying the design of the COTI to add thermal magnification while maintaining alignment of the fused imagery and minimizing loss of resolution, contrast, and sensitivity will make it possible to equip high and/or variable magnification optical systems with a Clip-On Thermal Imager. In Phase I, Diffraction LTD and its partner Optics 1 will identify viable concepts for achieving a Variable Magnification Clip-On Thermal Imager (VM-COTI), analyze the performance of those conceptual designs, and analyze the performance impact on the optical systems that they’ll be used with. The analysis will quantify the expected performance of the various VM-COTI designs with regards to a number of key performance parameters. The optimal design will be identified and pursued in a follow-on Phase II effort.

ISC8 Inc.
3001 Red Hill Avenue Building #4-108
Co, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8919
Pete Kenefick
A12-042      Awarded: 6/26/2012
Title:Variable Magnification Clip-On Thermal Imager (COTI)
Abstract:US Military forces have extensively deployed image intensification devices for night-time and low light operations. The most common of these devices is the Night Vision Goggle (NVG) seen in both monocular and binocular version as fielded in the AN/PVS-7, -14, -15, and -18, along with the AN/PVS-23. NVGs excel at providing the operator with visibility in the visible through near-infrared spectrums in extremely low-light conditions. The difficulty occurs when there is no light (deep night or when operations occur in valleys, caves, and buildings). NVGs cannot provide the operator with good situational awareness in those instances. A novel approach has been developed and exploited by Irvine Sensors Corporation (ISC8) and its partner OPTICS 1 (Westlake California). The development of a Clip-On Thermal Imager (COTI) utilizing a 320 x 240 pixel VOx micro bolometer is currently in production, and has shown to address these issues. Additional improvement path has been identified for the current COTI approach. In this case, ISC8 plans to show the required changes to the COTI systems to allow the use of the thermal overlay approach on systems that have other than Unity gain from an optical perspective. All current COTI systems are mounted to I2 devices that have no magnification. One could postulate that the use of a COTI on devices that may not be I2 devices that as well have either a non-unity magnification, or even more effectively a zoom capability. This would allow the use of the COTI device on a new candidate class of devices including rifle scopes, binoculars, and cameras. The purpose of this Phase 1 program will be to perform the analyses and trade-offs required to determine the viability of adding a Clip On Thermal capability to other non-I2 devices, including binoculars, scopes, and cameras.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
To, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Edward DeHoog
A12-042      Awarded: 8/6/2012
Title:Zoom Clip-On Thermal Imager
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a cost-effective method of optically performing sensor fusion of thermal and night vision imagery, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Variable Magnification Optical Fused Clip-On Thermal Imager (ZoomCOTI). The system is based on novel uses of POC’s see-through imaging waveguide and Alvarez lens for variable magnification (zooming) to provide a new clip-on thermal imaging capability to conventional scopes, binoculars, and camera. ZoomCOTI’s unique design utilizes advanced optical components using mature optical fabrication technology and COTS components. As a result, ZoomCOTI offers a method of providing a clip-on thermal imaging system with variable magnification, lightweight, low-power, and high-resolution, overcoming the limitations of existing state-of-the-art clip-on systems and directly addressing the Army’s requirements. In Phase I, POC will identify, evaluate, and compare the ZoomCOTI system concepts against existing technologies and systems based on cost, weight, power consumption, resolution, predicted thermal range, and magnification. We will also conduct research to determine the level of compatibility of optical overlay concepts with legacy hardware. In Phase II, we will further optimize the ZoomCOTI system to meet the Army’s needs, fabricate and deliver a prototype with documentation for evaluation and future transition.

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Om, NE 68106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 458-5963
Robert Woodley
A12-043      Awarded: 5/14/2012
Title:Self-Regulating Anomaly Detector (SeRADe)
Abstract:Today’s intelligence exploitation has an information challenge…there is a great deal of data being processed by a large number of analysts with insufficient ability to identify anomalies in the data. The process needs a capability that can facilitate a rapid understanding of complex information sources, resolving the issues that today’s intelligence analyst faces in detecting threats, anomalies, and potential exploits. 21st Century Systems, Inc., is proud to introduce SeRADe, an innovative concept to address the anomaly detection problem in a context-free manner. Utilizing a meta-learning approach and a small sample of anomaly detectors, SeRADe will yield a rich capability for ingesting real-world data and identifying anomalies that could indicate potential hostile behavior, or even a friendly accident in the making. SeRADe will enable the analyst to quickly find information while monitoring the data to prevent an intelligence failure to occur. SeRADe detects anomalies without the need for a large scale ontology or knowledge base, and instead learns from existing anomaly approaches. SeRADe’s innovation, coupled with our superlative record for commercializing SBIR technologies, makes 21CSi the company most likely to get this capability into the hands of the intelligence analyst.

Hilbert Technology Inc
526 Pineville Road
Ne, PA 18940
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 598-7154
Bisser Mandjarov
A12-043      Awarded: 5/14/2012
Title:Context Independent Anomaly Detection for Enhanced Decision Making
Abstract:Today's intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance sensors offer a diverse set of raw information that spans the electromagnetic spectrum. While the goal of these sensors is to increase situational awareness resulting in effective threat recognition, the realization of this objective is often impossible to achieve because the process of searching the data for a potential threat is predicated on the analyst having some predefined understanding of how a threat is represented in the ISR data. The challenge of Context Independent Anomaly Detection is to replace the current paradigm of analyst-intensive review of vast amounts of ISR data with an innovative approach that processes the ISR data in an unsupervised manner to identify anomalies that can be reported to the war fighter in real-time with a minimum amount of processing power. The proposed research will leverage Hilbert Technology's patented Hilbert Engine to develop an automated method for converting ISR data into numerical representations, mathematically processing the transformed data to identify anomalies, and then converting the anomalous data back to the ISR data space for use with tactical decision aids. The solution will operate in real-time and require modest processing resources.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 500
Al, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 518-4228
John Merrihew
A12-044      Awarded: 5/11/2012
Title:Intelligent PMESII Information Management Workbench
Abstract:Conflicts within the US military between roles and responsibilities, the use of NGOs on the battlefield, and the role of host nation and allied forces in a time of transition between combat and non-combat only increase the complexity of the PMESII management issues. After a decade of war and an investment of nearly one trillion dollars by the US Government, the Defense Department, State Department, NATO allies, and the US Army in particular have been challenged by the difficulty of conducting combat operations within the social and political environment of the host nation. Two important factors limit the military’s ability to manage the complex mission environment: lack of trained and qualified personnel and lack of understanding of 2nd and 3rd order effects on the population. We propose building a Warfighter Associate System for the Civil Affairs Officer at the BCT level that will be fully integrated into the already-demonstrated Warfighter Associate demonstration at the C2D lab in APG, Maryland. This Intelligent Civil Affairs Workbench (ICAW) will mitigate PMESII management challenges by providing context sensitive recommendations and situational awareness data. The tool will enable retrieval and integration of data from diverse sources and facilitate the analysis of relationships between data items.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Wo, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2489
Jeanine Ayers
A12-044      Awarded: 5/3/2012
Title:Agent-based Socio-Cultural Information and Intelligence (ASCII) Workbench
Abstract:With the sharp rise in asymmetric warfare over the last decade, our military’s focus has shifted from a standard, kinetic military approach to much more complex missions, stressing counter-insurgency (COIN) and Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations. Commanders require a clear understanding of the complex socio-cultural landscape and dynamics of the operating environment to support strategy development, planning, and execution of non-kinetic courses of action to achieve mission goals. To support this understanding, the full range of Diplomatic, Information, Military, and Economic (DIME) actions and Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, and Infrastructure (PMESII) effects must be accounted for throughout the command and control (C2) data-to-decision making process. Recent advancements in the fields of Human, Social, Culture, Behavior (HSCB) modeling, artificial intelligence, and human-system interaction have created promising and significant opportunities for incorporating intelligent agents, socio-cultural models, and intuitive human-computer interfaces into a collaborative workbench for information management. To support this vision, Aptima proposes to develop the Agent- based Socio-Cultural Information and Intelligence (ASCII) Workbench. ASCII is a collaborative workspace that utilizes contextually-aware intelligent agents to help analysts find, explore, prioritize, and visualize information and relationships in the PMESII domain.

Minerva Systems & Technologies, LLC
55 John Clarke Road
Mi, RI 02842
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 855-6721
Kalyan Ganesan
A12-045      Awarded: 7/27/2012
Title:Improved Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) Metaferrite Based Antenna for SATCOM
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to design and develop UHF Satellite communications (SATCOM) circular polarized antennas using advanced metamaterials to achieve high gain performance with smaller dimensions (i.e., size and weight). The metamaterials we propose belong to a class of magneto-dielectric materials. The advantages and disadvantages of dielectric loading applied to electromagnetic devices such as antennas using high permittivity materials are well known. Often overlooked, however, is the same effect using a material with magnetic properties. This is mainly due to the fact that most natural magnetic materials exhibit large losses that make them virtually unusable at high frequencies (> 1 GHz) or are relatively heavy at low frequencies. Recently, composite magneto-dielectric substrates, called Metaferrites (MF), have been engineered as a possible way to address this need for magnetic materials that are usable beyond 1 GHz or are light weight, especially for low frequency applications, such as VHF and UHF antennas. We explore a new design technique for creating thin planar, matched magneto-dielectric metamaterial slabs for the metaferries. The technique is based on using Genetic Algorithm (GA) to optimize the metasurfaces comprised of periodic array of electrically small unit cells and backed by a perfectly conducting ground plane.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
No, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5300
Randall Lapierre
A12-045      Awarded: 6/29/2012
Title:Reduced Profile MUOS Metaferrite Antenna for UHF SATCOM (1000-228)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) will leverage our expertise in low profile, conformal metaferrite antenna design to develop an efficient antenna that enables transmit and receive of circularly polarized UHF SATCOM. The conformal antenna will be low profile to enable conformal integration to Army platforms such as helicopters and UAVs. In Phase I, SI2 will concentrate on the design and optimization of a reduced profile UHF cavity and RHCP element. We will validate our design and manufacturing approach through fabricating a prototype and demonstrating its performance via test. In the follow-on Phase II effort, we will team with an industry partner to provide a systems level demonstration.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Bo, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Michael Markey
A12-046      Awarded: 7/11/2012
Title:Embedded Co-Located Antenna Elements to Increase Pattern Coverage and Effectively Mitigating Interference for Improved Communications
Abstract:The future role of military ground and air vehicles is focused on wireless communications. These vehicles must accommodate a variety of sensors as well as antennas, not to mention traditional payloads such as fuel, weapons, and personnel. The integration of antennas on the vehicle is one of the largest challenges since the performance can be greatly impacted depending on mounting location. The ideal mounting locations are thus crowded with numerous antennas that pose a co-site and blockage problems. This dictates the need for a wideband efficient antenna that can operate over various frequency bands and waveforms while sharing a single mounting location. Most challenging, is the need for a small form factor (less than 10” height or smaller) for air vehicles. These frequency bands and waveforms include SINCGARS 30-88 MHz, VHF AM / ATC 116-174 MHz, UHF-AM / HAVEQUICK 225-400 MHz, Public Safety 450-512 MHz, and WNW / SRW 1200-2500 MHz. FIRST RF, a leader in multi-band antennas, proposes two parallel paths to achieve the required performance. One path provides a unique multi element multi-band solution inside of a proven blade radome meeting the height requirements. The second path provides an embedded antenna utilizing advanced antenna and materials concepts.

Haleakala R&D, INC.
7 Martin Road
Br, MA 01506
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 409-1010
Theodore Anderson
A12-046      Awarded: 6/25/2012
Title:Reconfigurable Nested Plasma Antennas, Stacked Plasma Antenna Arrays, and Plasma FSS for Consolidated Apertures and Co-Site Interference Reduction or
Abstract:Haleakala R&D, INC. will develop technology to address the effects and impacts of co-site interference with respect to the frequency range of : 30-88 MHz for SINCGARS, 116-174 MHz for VHF AM / ATC, 225-400 MHz element for UHF-AM / HAVEQUICK, 450-512 for Public Service, and 1200-2500 MHz for WNW / SRW. and achieve aperture consolidation. To reduce interference between the elements and facilitate collocated apertures, plasma antenna elements will be embedded (nested) within one another such that elements are RF transparent to frequencies outside their band of operation. Please see our website at: www.ionizedgasantennas.com where you can play a video of our smart plasma antenna as well read several articles. This improvement could be either increased gain to support higher data rates or increased bandwidth antennas to support multiple RF frequency bands. By using the same antenna for multiple frequency bands, the number of antennas located on a aviation and ground platforms can be reduced, thereby freeing up space for other critical capabilities to be co- located. If not co-located using plasma antenna nesting, plasma antennas in the system: 30-88 MHz for SINCGARS, 116- 174 MHz for VHF AM / ATC, 225-400 MHz element for UHF-AM / HAVEQUICK, 450-512 for Public Service, and 1200-2500 MHz for WNW / SRW and can be separated on the aviation and ground platforms and even a small fraction of a wavelength apart without co-site interference.

DataSoft Corp.
1475 N. Scottsdale Road #460
Sc, AZ 85257
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 763-5777
Luke Ritchie
A12-047      Awarded: 7/2/2012
Title:Resources Management in Peer-to-Peer Mobile Ad Hoc Network Communications Environments
Abstract:Despite the concerted efforts to create advanced network management tools and systems, and the existence of a large library of commercial-off-the-shelf COTS tools designed to manage IP-based networks, outstanding issues remain. The underlying management protocols that allow these tools to operate across a networked environment – such as SNMP – have not been updated to meet the challenges of peer-to-peer MANETs, such as limited power, variable link quality, limited storage capacity, and especially dynamic topology changes. Efforts to replace or update SNMP for ad-hoc networks have not yet been standardized or tested in realistic environments. DataSoft therefore proposes to develop and demonstrate a new approach for a MANET Management Protocol (MMP). This new protocol specification will be compatible with existing tools and systems designed for SNMP, while incorporating innovative approaches to resource management in dynamic mobile networks. Phase I focuses on integration of several new approaches into MMP: hierarchical management via secure clustering; adaptive, disruption-tolerant forwarding; topology management MIBs; and secure multicast. These concepts are tested in a simulation studies and demonstrated with a realistic MANET environment.

Easy Group LLC
4981 N. Irwindale Ave #200
Ir, CA 91706
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 531-7393
Matheos Kazantzidis
A12-047      Awarded: 6/22/2012
Title:Capacity-based Resource On-the-move Complete P2P MANET management suite
Abstract:Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) nodes are autonomous and relying on pre-existing knowledge of “servers” is in contrast to the purpose of the network. The peer-to-peer model is followed rather the client-server. The Army is seeking to have the network P2P management protocol solve the resource management problems (such as limited battery power, variable link quality, and limited storage capacity) in dynamic on-the-move (OTM) environments where the network topology changes through the breaking of links and creating new links as nodes. Easy Group LLC, identifies two challenges as adequate and necessary to perform a meaningful network resource management and meet and exceed Army expectations. Instead of the single dimensional discovery and topology management it proposes to use a full resource discovery suite. This philosophy change, places more focus on the P2P/MANET management and provides services and protocols with more useful information. An implementation called the CROC P2P MANET management suite is proposed. It is expected to provide an innovative resource management capability able to affect overall management performance (including for buffer space, storage, and battery) for the Army target environment.

Cubewano USA, LLC
123 E West St
Ba, MD 21230
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 609-7412
Liam Flanigan
A12-048      Awarded: 6/14/2012
Title:Advanced Small, Lightweight Multi-Fueled 1,000 - 1,500 W Variable Speed Load Following Man-Portable Power Unit
Abstract:Cubewano North America proposes to develop a man portable heavy fuel generator capable of providing 1.5kW AC or DC power continuous power. This system will be a continuation of on going IR&D efforts currently being performed by Cubewano. The current system is a 29lb 1kW system that can utilize JP-8 and Gasoline. The system will continued to be developed in order to increase reliability, reduce cost, reduce weight, reduce acoustic signature and reduce size. The proposed system will be designed to be a fully integrated engine and starter/generator system built from existing mature components.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
No, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Subir Roychoudhury
A12-048      Awarded: 5/15/2012
Title:Advanced Small, Lightweight Multi-Fueled 1,000 - 1,500 W Variable Speed Load Following Man-Portable Power Unit
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes an ultra-compact JP-8 conversion kit that will enable a lightweight spark-ignited engine as a man portable multi-fueled power unit, while also advancing a breakthrough cross-cutting add-on reformer technology that could broadly enable lightweight spark-ignited engines to use JP-8 for a wide variety of applications. Achieving the man portable weight goals requires enabling a commercially available, spark- ignited engine to operate effectively on JP-8 or diesel. But JP-8 is a low octane fuel, inherently unsuitable for spark-ignition due to knocking and preignition. Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes an alternative Microlith® ICEPOX™ catalytic partial oxidation reformer approach that chemically increases the octane number to the 90+ range, suitable for operation of SI engines. This extremely compact (1/2 c-cell battery size) octane- boosting reactor uses a waterless catalytic nanomaterial partial oxidation (CPOX) process to instantaneously (order of milliseconds) vaporize the fuel and break down a portion of the JP-8 into a mixture of H2, CO and smaller chain hydrocarbons, resulting in a fuel stream with an octane number ~90, suitable for use in SI engines.

Spectrum Research Corporation
8C Petra Lane
Al, NY 12205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 369-0306
Michael J. Ampela
A12-048      Awarded: 4/17/2012
Title:Advanced Small, Lightweight Multi-Fueled 1,000 - 1,500 W Variable Speed Load Following Man-Portable Power Unit
Abstract:The U.S. Army has long recognized the benefits of load following gensets in terms of substantially reducing both fuel consumption and acoustic noise signature. The overall goal for the proposed effort is to develop an advanced 1-man portable, multi-fueled, electric power unit with load following capability and selectable 120 VAC, 28 VDC, and battery charger outputs. The 1500W size range is particularly significant because it represents the smallest size genset that can handle virtually any household or commercial AC-powered product. For the present military application, the system must be extremely lightweight, compact, and must be packaged to withstand all the rigors of combat. Spectrum Research Corporation has developed a plan to meet all these objectives through the development of a compact compression ignition engine and hybrid power electronics. Through the use of an intermediate energy storage device, the proposed architecture will enable the engine to match the applied load over a 4:1 speed range while responding to full unanticipated step loads with no voltage dip. It is fully anticipated that the result of this effort will extend the range of low power Tactical Quiet Generators and serve as the basis for a highly successful commercialization effort.

AMERICAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES CO
220 W. Campus Ct., Unit D
Ar, IL 60004
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 414-6788
Igor V. Barsukov
A12-049      Awarded: 12/28/2012
Title:Innovative Nano-Graphitic Obscurant Aerosols
Abstract:American Energy Technologies Co., a woman-owned small business concern of Illinois, will partner with Lockheed Martin MS2-Eagan, and with A.J. Drexel University, in order to develop and field an innovative manufacturing process for synthesis of highly conductive nanosized graphitic materials. A two-pronged approach towards making a desired graphitic particle architecture, which measures 20 nm x 5 micron, will be sought. Both methods will start off with a purified flake graphite, which will be air milled to 5 microns in the initial step. Flakes will then go via two different routes through a series of steps of intercalation, exfoliation and subsequent delamination until the desired thickness of particle is achieved. Resultant product will be compressed to 50% theoretical density, and then dispersed into obscurant clouds with high loading of discrete nanoparticles. Cloud’s IR attenuation will be assessed by FTIR. The objective of the effort is to develop new generation, low cost and environmentally benign obscurant materials, packaging and employment techniques, which would provide reduced toxicological footprint, while ensuring efficient simultaneous disguise in the visible and infrared regions of electromagnetic spectrum.

JSJ Technologies, LLC
4700 Elmo Weedon Road, Suite 117
Co, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 703-1832
Sandra H. Withers-Kirby
A12-049      Awarded: 9/25/2012
Title:Novel Methods To Develop Graphene Obscurant Materials
Abstract:Obscurant materials are used by the Army to protect both the soldier and his equipment. Several obscurant systems have been developed over the years to counter various threats in many areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. Historically, work has focused on infrared and visible signature reducing materials individually. With the new threats and sensors, requirements have been established for devices to defeat both types of threats using a single, low-toxicity and highly effective material. Graphite flakes have been used on large area screening systems and offer very low toxicological footprints. However, for volume- limited packaging applications, such as hand grenades, graphite materials typically have not performed as well as metal materials due to their low conductivity. Therefore, the standard M76 brass grenade was developed. But the toxicological and environmental concerns are so great that training with these devices is very restricted. A carbon-based material that offers extremely high conductivity is needed to meet these new emerging requirements as well as the policies of low environmental impact. JSJ Technologies, together with National Nanomaterials and Texas State University, proposes to produce a very highly conductive graphene flake material by a novel method that will allow very low cost, high volume production of the material.

Aegis Technology
3300 A Westminister Ave.
Sa, CA 92703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 554-5511
Timothy Lin
A12-050      Awarded: 9/6/2012
Title:Novel method for filling graphite microfibers
Abstract:Presently, there is a pressing need from U.S. Army in developing metal nano-filled graphite microfibers, which will be used for military applications such as infrared threat sensor countermeasures because they are excellent attenuators in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The metal nano-fillings in graphite microfibers need to be highly conductive, continuous to a length of 3-5 ¦Ìm, and simultaneously can be produced at a low cost. However, there is not a cost-effective processing method available that is capable of achieving this requirement. Therefore, in this proposed research program, Aegis technology will: (1) Develop and demonstrate a novel nano-filling method based on electroless deposition technique to generate a highly conductive metal nano-filling in graphite microfibers; (2) Identify the underlying technical issues that govern the fabrication and performance of the filled microfibers; and (3) Use this knowledge to design and manufacture such highly conductive metal nano-fillings in graphite microfibers that exhibit the infrared attenuation required by Army. The anticipated technological impact of the proposed research program is the design, development and implementation of a novel metal nano-filling method based on electroless deposition technique that can be integrated into existing military and industrial applications, and lead to numerous new applications as well.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Ro, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Brian Tews
A12-051      Awarded: 5/16/2012
Title:Rapidly Deployable Wind Power Generation System for Remote Outposts
Abstract:Currently, diesel generators are typically used to supply electrical power to soldiers in the field. Diesel generators suffer from wet stacking at partial loads, high fuel costs and resupply logistics, and high transportation risk. The development of a portable wind power generating system capable of being stowed and transported in a standard TRICON container would be a highly desirable alternative to diesel generators. The overall goal of this proposal is to develop a low cost, two-person deployable, wind power generation system capable of producing 300 W of electrical power and be transported inside a TRICON container. During the Phase I program, a complete detailed design of the proposed system will be completed, and a full-scale prototype will be fabricated and demonstrated. At the completion of the Phase I program, Mainstream Engineering’s wind power generation system will be a Technology Readiness Level 4. With a successful Phase I Mainstream anticipates rapidly transitioning this technology from a R&D program to Mainstream’s production department during the Phase II. Mainstream will continue to utilize CMCI as a subcontractor to supply TRICON containers, as they currently do for Mainstream’s TRICON Refrigerated Container System (TRCS) program.

Makani Power Inc
2175 Monarch St
Al, CA 94501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 859-1958
Corwin Hardham
A12-051      Awarded: 5/16/2012
Title:Wind Energy Systems for Base Camp Applications
Abstract:The Makani Airborne Wind Turbine (AWT) is a tethered UAV outfitted with turbines for power generation. The AWT is materials efficient: the span of the wing is comparable in size to one blade of a similarly scaled conventional wind turbine and there is no tower, hub, nacelle or gearbox. The tensile-based design of the AWT further decreases mass by distributing aerodynamic forces across the wing using a bridle. The low mass of the system leads to low capital costs and decreased transportation costs. Makani Power will evaluate the feasibility of a containerized, mobile and rapidly deployable 30 kW AWT, the M30, by addressing three main concerns: • Functional: show that both the M30 and its ground based infrastructure can be packaged into a single tricon container. • Operational: investigate the AWT’s integration with radar and military flight operations. • Economic: calculate the capital cost and cost of energy for the containerized M30 design. During the Phase I option, Makani will address components necessary for a demonstration prototype in Phase II. The primary objective of this project is to determine the suitability of the Makani AWT to forward operating bases.

RCT Systems, Inc.
1745A West Nursery Rd MS4018
Li, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 694-8054
Richard (Mack) Young
A12-051      Awarded: 5/5/2012
Title:Wind Energy Systems for Base Camp Applications
Abstract:There has been increasing concern about Energy Security and our reliance on foreign oil. Fuel delivery to FOBs has proven costly in terms of dollars and casualties to convoy personnel. Using renewable energy sources like wind power can reduce fuel consumption. For FOBs the ability to transport, set up, take down and repackage power generation and distribution systems is an important consideration. They can be used as standalone power sources or as part of a microgrid. RCT and AWE plan to demonstrate a VAWT that uses unique multi-element blades to provide maximum lift in a small volume. This type of turbine is extremely quiet. It will be coupled to a pancake brushless DC generator with the high pole count needed for low speed operation. The full scale combination will weigh less than 250 pounds and can produce 300W at a cut in speed of 8 MPH be capable of operation at wind speeds of 60MPH and withstand wind speeds of 100MPH.The turbine alone will be about 3 feet high by 4 feet in diameter. The turbine can be quickly deployed by two warfighters and because of collapsible supports the system will easily fit inside a TRICON shipping container.

V Squared Wind, Inc.
285 Clarendon Street
Bo, MA 02116
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 323-2630
Robert M. Freda
A12-051      Awarded: 5/4/2012
Title:Wind Energy Systems for Base Camp Applications
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to demonstrate the feasibility of V Squared Wind’s proprietary modular, ducted wind turbine technology to best meet the specifications for a rugged, redeployable wind energy system for military base camp applications. V Squared suggests a quickly deployable, low-profile, high energy density design concept with significantly lower cost and weight than required while meeting or exceeding all other performance attributes. Such a system would save significant energy costs and eliminate the majority of the fuel logistics burden for base encampments. The feasibility of the design concept will be demonstrated in the proposed effort through: -Field testing of a full scale, single module to establish power generation characteristics -Mechanical systems and electrical systems engineering design and costing studies focused on areas of greatest application value The program, with its full scale demonstration testing of a complete wind acceleration module, will provide a strong basis for rapid transition to full system development and field demonstration in Phase II.

CTW Development Company, LLC
5549 Five Knolls Drive
Ch, NC 28226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 619-4669
Thomas Theyson
A12-052      Awarded: 5/25/2012
Title:Novel Textiles for Use as Friction Buffer on Parachutes
Abstract:During the parachute deployment, cotton "buffer" fabrics are employed to prevent friction/abrasion damage to the nylon fabrics as they rub against each other at high speeds. Due to procurement difficulties and several technical deficiencies, the Army would like to replace the cotton "buffer" with an alternative. We propose to develop an improved "buffer" fabric by designing and utilizing specific tests to mimic the friction/abrasion/temperature profiles of the parachute deployment process. Using these test protocols, along with other tests to measure important secondary properties, we will fully characterize the current buffer fabric and evaluate a range of fiber/polymer/fabric constructions that could potentially meet the final product requirements. In the subsequent phases of the project, we will utilize the developed tests to optimize a cost effective, commercially scalable "buffer" fabric that exceeds the current material performance. The assembled team is well positioned to be successful in this project with over 30 years of experience in fibers and textiles, specifically fiber and fabric friction,lubrication, surface modification and fabric development. The partners have proven success bringing developed products to market. CTW Development Company is teamed with a successful and innovative manufacturer of highly engineered textile products with facilities from fiber extrusion through final fabric production.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Ro, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1663
Laura Habersack
A12-052      Awarded: 5/24/2012
Title:Novel Textiles for Use as Friction Buffer on Parachutes
Abstract:During parachute deployments, nylon canopy cloth and nylon suspension lines are dragged across other nylon materials at high speeds which result in frictional heat damage. Cotton is used as a buffer material in sleeves, suspension stow line loops, deployment bags and as barrier fabrics between nylon webbings. Yet, cotton yarn production and textile manufacturing in the US is decreasing due to the shift in textile manufacturing to Asia. The ability to purchase high strength cotton in the US, thereby maintaining Barry Amendment compliance, is becoming more difficult. There is a critical need in the Army to develop a material that can perform like cotton as energy-absorbing buffer materials in parachutes. Luna Innovations is addressing the need to reduce or eliminate cotton as parachute buffer materials through the use of low friction, thermally conductive textile coatings on nylon. The novel coating will reduce the frictional heating of nylon on nylon upon deployment.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Wa, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Jeremiah Slade
A12-053      Awarded: 5/4/2012
Title:Design Tool for Electronic Textile Clothing Systems
Abstract:Infoscitex Corporation proposes to develop a mathematics-based predictive design tool that will greatly simplify the e-textile design process and provide designers with an extensive range of options. Our initial focus will be on garments made using broadloom e-textiles but this tool will eventually be expanded to include other textile articles and fabric types. A critical component of this effort will be the development of algorithms which are able to predict where e-textiles yarns in one pattern piece intersect with e-yarns in a second pattern piece at the seam. The IST team has already identified a promising approach for accomplishing this based on Moiré fringe theory. This capability can be used to determine where along a seam a weld needs to be made, how large the welding horn needs to be in order to maximize the chance of forming a successful weld, and what other wires might be unintentionally connected. This information can in turn be used to design welding templates which will greatly simplify the garment assembly and welding process. However, the most compelling application of this tool will likely come when it is used to guide the early stages of the design process.

Nanosyntex
11306 Timber Tech Road Suite B
To, TX 77375
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(281) 516-2585
Vasanth Narayanan
A12-054      Awarded: 4/20/2012
Title:Development of Lightweight, Recyclable Low Cost, Nonwoven Cloth Duck Material
Abstract:The main objective of this Phase I SBIR project is to design and develop lightweight, low cost, engineered and multi-layered nonwoven composite fabrics made of nylon, para-armid and recycled fibers and their blends to potentially displace the current heavy and bulky nylon duck fabrics used by the military for armor vests and equipage items. The main approach would be to produce and test various needle punched and subsequently spunlaced nonwoven composite fabrics for physical and mechanical properties. The target basis weight of the fabric will be 4 to 5 oz/sq.yd. with a breaking strength of 325 lbs in the machine and 225 lbs in the cross direction. The tearing strength target will be in excess of 30 lbs in both directions. The nonwoven fabrics will be designed to have similar hand, thickness, abrasion resistance, and hydrostatic water resistance (WR) as that of nylon duck cloth material with consideration of limited flame-retardant (FR) without melt-dripping. The nonwoven fabrics will be dyed, printed and treated with finishing chemicals to impart resistance to petroleum, oil and lubricant (POL) resistance. A replenishing silver ion based antimicrobial fiber will be added to the fiber blend to prevent the growth of mold and mildew on the fabric

Tex Tech Industries Inc.
105 North Main St PO Box 8
No, ME 04265
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 933-4404
David Erb
A12-054      Awarded: 4/20/2012
Title:Development of Lightweight, Recyclable Low Cost, Nonwoven Cloth Duck Material
Abstract:Nylon fabric is a polyamide that is lightweight, strong and durable. The fabric dries quickly when wet and provides comfort. Nylon is used in multiple applications ranging from apparel, home furnishings, industrial applications and geo-textiles. The cloth specified by this proposal is Mil-C- 43734 “Cloth, Duck, Nylon”, Types 4 & 5 that utilizes 500 Denier Textured Nylon yarns with a polyurethane back coating.. Because of the nylon’s excellent strength properties including high tensile strength, good tear strength, excellent friction and abrasion resistance and ability to be water proofed make it a material that is used in many applications. However, the coated nylon fabric lacks any type of fire resistance (FR). When exposed to extreme heat and flames, fabric containing synthetic materials like nylon will melt and can fuse to the skin. This creates a centralized hot area against the skin and can lead to major burns. Tex Tech Industries (Tex Tech) and the University of Maine at Orono (UMaine) have developed a potential solution to create a Nylon fabric substitute with similar or better strength properties that provides fire protection.

Capco Inc.
1328 Winters Ave.
Gr, CO 81501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 243-8750
Chris Williams
A12-055      Awarded: 9/13/2012
Title:Non-Toxic, Non-Incendiary Obscurant Smoke for Ammunition and Munitions
Abstract:The proposed research plan for the subject SBIR is to investigate in-situ, reactively synthesized obscurants which produce non-toxic, non-incendiary bi-products.

General Sciences, Incorporated
205 Schoolhouse Road
So, PA 18964
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 723-8588
Peter Zavitsanos
A12-055      Awarded: 7/17/2012
Title:Non-Toxic, Non-Incendiary Obscurant Smoke for Ammunition and Munitions
Abstract:The proposed program addresses the development of a safe to breathe smoke consisting of mainly TiO2 and KCl particulates with the option of including fog oil as well in a hybrid device configuration. The effort will address further smoke characterization as well as scale-up to a 5” (dia) by 30” long device as a proof of concept leading to fills for 81 mm and 120 mm mortar applications and eventual transition into Cannon Artillery applications with minimum expected collateral damage. The effort is based on further exploration and scale-up of unique thermo-chemical processes developed by General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) and tested at the Edgewood Army Facility (ECBC) where extremely high extinction coefficients were observed. Obscuration in the infrared (IR) region of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum is also addressed with unique concepts to introduce highly oriented/high conductivity graphite based particulates into the device as well.

Industrial Measurement Systems Inc.
2760 Beverly Dr. #4
Au, IL 60502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 236-5901
Donald E. Yuhas
A12-056      Awarded: 8/22/2012
Title:Innovative Solutions for Propellant Temperature Sensing for Future Munitions
Abstract:In this Phase I program, we develop and validate an acoustic concept that is capable of measuring interior temperatures in complex munitions propellants. The measurement technique is based on ultrasonic thermometry methods. Using sensors located on the exterior surface, the variation in propagation time is used to estimate the internal temperature. No modification of the component is required. In laboratory studies we address the issues of echo identification, optimal operating frequency, coupling, calibration, and repeatability. A series of laboratory studies validate the concept and demonstrate the potential for implementation for real-time monitoring of internal temperature. Successful demonstration of the concept and measurement methods in the Phase I program will provide the basis for full-scale prototype systems to be completed in Phase II

Phase IV Engineering, Inc.
2820 Wilderness Place, #C
Bo, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 415-0901
Clayton Smith
A12-056      Awarded: 8/8/2012
Title:Innovative Solutions for Propellant Temperature Sensing for Future Munitions
Abstract:A novel passive RFID temperature sensor that is attached or embedded in large caliber ammunition to automatically provide actual propellant temperature to fire control computers in real time.

Tethers Unlimited, Inc.
11711 N. Creek Pkwy S., Suite D113
Bo, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 486-0100
Jeffrey Slostad
A12-057      Awarded: 9/26/2012
Title:Launch-able Tagline and Remote Anchor System
Abstract:Tethers Unlimited, Inc. proposes to develop the Remote Anchoring Module (RAM), a launch-able anchoring system that can be used to quickly set and test an anchor point at a remote location without the need for an on-site operator. The RAM system deploys a high- strength cable between itself and the operator during launch. After landing, it uses a simple self-righting mechanism to orient a hybrid drill/auger mechanism capable of securing the module to a wide variety of surfaces. It is designed for low cost production suitable for expendable use.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CH, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
A12-057      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:Robust Launchable Remote Tagline Anchoring System (1001-831)
Abstract:In response to Army SBIR Topic A12-057 entitled Launch-able Tagline and Remote Anchor System, Triton Systems, Inc. proposes to develop an anchor system that when launched across a river or upstream can proof-load an anchor with a tagline running back to the launch site. Semi-permanent tactical bridging operations often require anchor points to be established to maintain a bridge position. These anchors are typically manually installed by soldiers. This manual installation is time consuming and puts the soldier in harms way, exposing them to enemy fire. Furthermore, in some scenarios it may be difficult or impossible for the soldier to reach a remote anchoring location across a gap. The proposed innovative anchoring system can be launched from a safe location and will remotely set a proof-loaded anchor in the water up-river or on the far side of a gap.

AlphaSense, Inc.
470 Century Blvd.
Wi, DE 19808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 468-0980
Pengcheng Lv
A12-058      Awarded: 6/21/2012
Title:A Handheld, Low Cost, and High Throughput Sensor for Fatty Acid Methyl Ester Detection and Quantifications in Military Fuels
Abstract:Although biodiesels have been increasingly used in automobiles, trains, commercial aircrafts and heating systems, they are not currently used in the military aircrafts and land vehicles because they typically do not meet the JP-8 performance criteria as specified by MIL-PRF-83133E. Unintentional contaminations by the biodiesels into the jet fuels can introduce adverse effects, including engine operability problems and potential engine flame out. Typical biodiesel is the product of methanol transesterification of plant oil triglycerides, and as such, contains a mixture of many fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). Therefore, in order to detect the contamination by the biodiesels, it is important to monitor the FAME content in the JP-8 fuel. In this proposal, Alphasense Inc. and the University of Tennessee Space Institute detail the development of a handheld, low cost and high throughput sensor for FAMEs detections and quantifications in JP-8 fuel. The proposed sensor will have the following merits: a) Simple, compact, and low cost, b) High sensitivity and selectivity, c) Large measurement dynamic range, d) Long- lasting serviceability, e) Automatic data acquisition and interpretation, and f) Reusable.

D-2 Incorporated
19 Commerce Park Road
Po, MA 02559
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 329-2046
Alan Fougere
A12-058      Awarded: 7/16/2012
Title:Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Portable Detection Device for Fuel Contamination (JP-8, Jet, and Diesel)
Abstract:Alternative fuels have become a focal point for DoD programs. With the recent mandates to use alternative fuels, refineries have been forced to blend biofuels (including FAME biodiesel) into conventional fuels; which are then introduced into the existing distribution infrastructure. FAME contamination into jet fuels has become a problem as pipeline trail back has already been confirmed. Currently there are 3 published (accepted) methods for the detection of FAME in Jet. These are IP585 a GC-MS method, IP590 a HPLC-ELSD method, and, IP583 a FTIR method. Two of these methods, IP585, and IP590 use high end, complex chromatography solutions, which are not then suitable for mobile laboratory use. The IP583 FTIR method is simpler, self-contained, and detects all FAME’s in the C8 to C22 range. We propose to adapt the proven IP-583 method to achieve the Army’s goals of a system with the ability to automatically detect fuel type, provide a FAME detection dynamic range 100 PPM to 7%, while meeting the objective of an instrument suitable for use in the Army’s Mobile Fuel Laboratory. The IP583 method is subject to patents; D-2 Incorporated has reached agreement to license from the technology holder Seta Analytics, Chertsey, Surrey, United Kingdom, (Seta).

Engineering and Scientific Innovations, Inc.
6740 Kelseys Oak Ct
Ci, OH 45248
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 605-3700
David McGinnis
A12-059      Awarded: 8/14/2012
Title:Occupant Sensor Suite for Blast Events
Abstract:Currently there is a lack of battlefield blast data that can be specifically used to correlate a warfighter injury to a blast occurrence. Therefore it is difficult at best to design and develop occupant protection systems. Although live fire testing at various test centers takes place, there is still some question regarding the accuracy of the scenario simulation and the conditions experienced by occupants within these environments. As a result, there is a need to develop a sensor package that can be utilized to monitor conditions experienced by the occupants within a ground vehicle undergoing a blast event. The aim of the Phase I effort is to develop an occupant sensor suite for blast events based on the utilization of an accurate response model. The computational simulation will use integrated models of a vehicle; seat, occupant, and blast event in simulations run on a multi-physics platform. By using this model in simulation of anticipated blast events, a mathematical correlation can be developed between sensor locations and the necessary sensed parameters, thus providing a scientific and objective basis for the design of the sensor system.

EOIR Technologies, Inc.
P.O.Box 1240
Sp, VA 22553
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 710-1591
George He
A12-060      Awarded: 6/21/2012
Title:Standoff Counter Human Deception Detection Device
Abstract:EOIR Technologies proposes to develop the Standoff Counter Human Deception Detection Device – FLIR As Guide (SCHD3-FLAG) as an innovative non-contact thermal imaging technology. This stand-off collection system will measure the psychophysiological signature of subjects undergoing questioning via pore activity in real-time. The SCHD3-FLAG standoff system will measure human psychophysiological stress and emotional signatures with fidelity comparable to the galvanic skin response (GSR) of contact sensors. The SCHD3-FLAG will build on the foundational work performed by EOIR Technologies in collaboration with the Army’s Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD), called the Remote Electrodermal Detection-FLIR As Guide (RED-FLAG) System. EOIR Technologies will leverage the research and development of the current NVESD RED-FLAG System to develop a handheld, ruggedized system capable of assisting the HUMINT collector to accurately determine truthfulness/creditability of subjects undergoing questioning, either overtly or covertly. This system will aid in the assessment of psychophysiological characteristics at standoff distances. In addition to pore reactions, the SCHD3-FLAG will use a multimodal approach by incorporating other modalities, such as breathing rate and micro-facial expressions, which can also be analyzed to increase the accuracy of the system.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
To, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
A12-060      Awarded: 8/30/2012
Title:Intelligent Stand-off Psycho-Physiological Indicator
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for human deception detection, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an Intelligent Stand-off Psycho-Physiological Indicator (I-SPY) system. The I-SPY multi-sensor system synergistically integrates the sensing of human physiological characteristics with human behavioral traits as unique signatures of stress in individuals with intent to deceive. The key innovation in I-SPY is its novel system design, which is a covert, noncontact, nonintrusive detection of deception. The novel fusion of multiple sensing methodologies significantly reduces the false alarm rate (FAR) and improves the detection probability to 95%. The compact and portable (8 in. x 6-in. x 6-in.; ~10 lb) I-SPY system incorporates commercial off-the-shelf components to reduce failure risk and significantly reduce cost. The covert system operates at a 2-m stand-off distance from the suspect, acquires data unobtrusively and sends it to local computer or PDA via Wi-Fi. In Phase I, POC will conduct a feasibility study to ascertain all possible human signatures that indicate stress, conduct modeling and simulation of the sensing methods, develop detection and estimation algorithms, and build a proof-of-concept prototype. In Phase II, POC will develop a field-worthy TRL 4-5 prototype that will be validated against standards set by National Center for Credibility Assessment.

Mayflower Communications Company, Inc.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Bu, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Nareshbabu Jarmale
A12-061      Awarded: 8/17/2012
Title:Smartphone with SAASM GPS Receiver (SmartSAASM)
Abstract:This proposal is fully responsive to the Army PEO IEWS SBIR solicitation’s objective to develop and demonstrate advanced connectivity and control technologies to provide a miniature Selective-Availability Anti-Spoofing (SAASM) based Global Positioning System (GPS) capability to a Handheld device (commercial Smartphone) as an expandable module. Mayflower proposes to develop and demonstrate an innovative system architecture to provide SAASM GPS receiver-based secure navigation capability to a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) smartphone by leveraging its state-of-the-art micro-SAASM GPS receiver technology in a very small SWaP-C (size, weight and power, and cost) package for use in Soldier Handheld device applications. The proposed system encompasses two modules. The first module - a hardware module - referred to as SmartSAASM consists of a SAASM GPS receiver, batteries and a communication interface packaged in a small body-wearable form factor. The second module – a software module - is an App along with few other software submodules running on a smartphone facilitates user interaction with the SmartSAASM module.

Yotta Navigation Corporation
3365 Mauricia Avenue
Sa, CA 95051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 242-7026
William Deninger
A12-061      Awarded: 9/28/2012
Title:Secure GPS Sensor Platform (GPS-SP) for Handheld CE
Abstract:Yotta Navigation will develop and build a simple, rugged, reliable, compact and cost-effective military GPS sensor platform (GPS-SP). The GPS-SP will be a self-contained military Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) module. It will securely communicate with the Android operating system platform, which is planned for use in the new US Army Handheld Computing Environment (Handheld CE). This will decouple the GPS receiver from the handset, allowing each technology to evolve separately, while still ensuring standards-based data-centric interoperability between them. The result will be a more open-architecture approach, enabling flexibility, innovation, and cost-savings over the current DAGR-centric military GPS paradigm. In addition, the GPS-SP will be versatile enough to allow secure connections to other sensors, and will have a natural migration path to future MGUE M- Code receivers. Because of our previous experience integrating SAASM PPS P(Y) GPS receivers -- along with prior work on Android and other embedded/real-time operating systems -- we are confident that we can accomplish this ambitious challenge. The Yotta Navigation team assembled for this SBIR includes hardware, software, security, and networking industry veterans. The project will be led by a prior service US Army officer with years of tactical field experience both as an enlisted soldier and officer.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Hu, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 887-0806
Zac Shotts
A12-062      Awarded: 8/16/2012
Title:Innovative Rugged High Power RF Sources for Compact RF Warheads
Abstract:This work describes an innovative approach to the development of a “frozen wave RF source” with only one active component – an ultrafast spark switch. This technique represents a major improvement over existing state of the art by eliminating the need for multiple light activated custom solid state switches and the associated laser trigger generator. The key item, an ultra-fast spark switch must be designed to have the same wave impedance as the transmission line segments that constitute the frozen wave ensemble. Switches with the appropriate turn on characteristics have been demonstrated where switch compactness and wave impedance were not factors. The ability to impedance match in compact frozen wave geometry will be a major focus of the project. Using a frozen wave generator as the RF converter, in this single switch geometry, allows most of the space in a warhead application to be devoted to energy source for radiation and antenna system rather than for a massive laser and optical power train necessary for precision triggering of the solid state switch elements. A systems analysis and study is proposed that will determine packaging constraints and techniques to survive high stresses of launch for warhead applications.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cy, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Marvin Niimura
A12-062      Awarded: 8/8/2012
Title:Compact and Rugged L-Band HPM-Source for Missile Payload
Abstract:We have proposed the development of a new Rugged High-Power Microwave (RHPM) system that can fit in a missile payload bay while meeting the desired RF power output and center frequency requirements. The proposed RHPM is based on a new design that integrates a Vircator RF oscillator with a compact power supply within the pre-determined weight and space specifications. The design builds upon our earlier-developed pulsed- power and high-power microwave (HPM) technologies. Significant innovations in the proposed RHPM design include: the vircator electrode configuration and materials that make high RF-power extraction possible at the specified RF frequency; devices to make the vircator RF source frequency tunable and vacuum free; use of low-power IGBTs rather than power-MOSFET or high-power IGBTs; and the use of a new pulse power scheme, other than Marx generator, that makes the system free from isolation gas or liquids. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of the compact module and, in Phase II, we will develop a full scale prototype that meets all Army requirements.

Pratt & Miller Engineering & Fabrication, Inc.
29600 Wm K Smith Dr
Ne, MI 48165
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 446-9800
Mark Salamango
A12-063      Awarded: 6/26/2012
Title:Autonomous Trackless Vehicle Target
Abstract:At the heart of the US armed services’ effectiveness is their extensive background training. US soldiers, airmen, and others are put through exhaustive training, and their warfighting effectiveness is directly related to the quality of the training received. Part of this training includes live fire training exercises using “drone” targets to expose trainees to more realistic situations. Such targets have been in use for many years, using configurations that are reasonably limited. In particular, some targets operate with “towed” configurations or on static rail lines. These existing rail-based targets are inadequate; it is difficult to emulate behaviors of real-world targets with them, and, perhaps even more problematically, they inherently beget predictability. Fortunately, current generation unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) technology provides a potential solution. In this project, we propose to create AVeTar: a Modular, Unmanned, Trackless Target System with Behavioral Capabilities. AVeTar will be highly-configurable, unmanned vehicles with sophisticated command and control capabilities and the ability to execute behaviors that emulate real-world encounters. It will be engineered to enable trainers to create and deploy scenario-based content quickly and easily, and integrate within existing and future training programs. When fully realized, this technology will enable substantially more robust, useful live-fire training exercises.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Ga, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
A12-063      Awarded: 6/26/2012
Title:TARGET – Trackless Adversarial Robots for Ground Engagement Training
Abstract:Robotic Research, LLC, proposes to address the above shortfalls in the live training environment by developing Trackless Adversarial Robots for Ground Engagement Training (TARGET), an autonomous multi-vehicle system that is capable of intelligent, coordinated behavior across varying terrain types and operational settings. TARGET will build upon Robotic Research’s proven autonomy and coordination architecture, adding support for cooperative high-level mission execution and realistic individual and group behaviors. TARGET will incorporate hit detection and damage assessment technology to provide for accurate scoring of the soldiers’ performance.

Loki, Incorporated
12596 Whipporwill Rd
Ro, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 742-4779
Sergey Shkuratov
A12-064      Awarded: 8/24/2012
Title:Multi-Pulse Single Shot Explosive Power Supplies
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create new types of compact, autonomous multi-pulse single-shot explosive-driven power supplies that are capable of producing a series of high voltage and/or high current pulses. These generators can be used in new kinds of warheads and munitions. To provide the best Phase I results we plan to leverage our current work with ferroelectric generators (FEGs) and Tesla transformers, and our recent work with Flux Compression Generators (FCGs)to provide at least one system design capable of producing multiple high energy pulses in reasonably small form factors.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Hu, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 887-0806
Zack Roberts
A12-064      Awarded: 8/14/2012
Title:Multi-Pulse Single Shot Explosive Power Supplies
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to explore methods for generating multiple high-power electrical pulses using a single-shot, explosive-driven power supply. The development of new types of warheads and munitions requires the development of new types of power supplies due both to volume constraints imposed by currently available platforms and the requirement for multiple electrical pulses to produce desired effects. These power supplies either convert the chemical energy stored in explosives into electrical energy or use shock waves generated by explosives to release energy stored in materials, such as ferroelectrics or ferromagnetic. In general, there are three reasons to use explosive power: 1) feasibility studies where only a limited number of shots are needed, 2) situations wherein large amounts of energy and/or power are needed, and 3) portability for remote testing. Since these generators use explosives, they are inherently single-shot devices, suggesting that they typically generate only a single electrical pulse. However, it has recently been demonstrated that explosive-driven ferroelectric and flux compression generators are capable of generating multiple electrical pulses. The ideal system would generate 8-10 electrical pulses with amplitudes of kilo amps and/or tens of kilovolts while minimizing the mass and size of the overall pulsed power system.The objective of this effort is to explore methods for generating multiple high-power electrical pulses using a single-shot, explosive- driven power supply. The development of new types of warheads and munitions requires the development of new types of power supplies due both to volume constraints imposed by currently available platforms and the requirement for multiple electrical pulses to produce desired effects. These power supplies either convert the chemical energy stored in explosives into electrical energy or use shock waves generated by explosives to release energy stored in materials, such as ferroelectrics or ferromagnetic. In general, there are three reasons to use explosive power: 1) feasibility studies where only a limited number of shots are needed, 2) situations wherein large amounts of energy and/or power are needed, and 3) portability for remote testing. Since these generators use explosives, they are inherently single-shot devices, suggesting that they typically generate only a single electrical pulse. However, it has recently been demonstrated that explosive-driven ferroelectric and flux compression generators are capable of generating multiple electrical pulses. The ideal system would generate 8-10 electrical pulses with amplitudes of kilo amps and/or tens of kilovolts while minimizing the mass and size of the overall pulsed power system.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Al, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 245-9970
Madison Cole
A12-065      Awarded: 9/7/2012
Title:Situational Awareness for Multi-Mission HEL Systems
Abstract:High Energy Laser Weapons Systems (HELWS) have reached a sufficient level of maturity such that significant consideration of their integration into the existing force structure and command and control requirements must be accomplished before HELWS can be deployed to the battlefield. Toward this end, the proposed effort calls for the development of "...a novel concept for mapping out and maintaining keep out zones (no fire zones) for a scalable effects high power laser system that is capable of conducting a variety of missions" and to "...keep no fire zones as small as possible,” in order maximize the effectiveness of HELWS in the battlefield. We propose to develop a situational awareness computational system that uses sophisticated algorithms for calcuation of the irradiance of objects in the battlefield, integrates with existing command and control networks, and integrates with existing HELWS fire control architectures.

Tau Technologies LLC
PO Box 9334
Al, NM 87119
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 244-1222
Robert Ritter
A12-065      Awarded: 9/24/2012
Title:Novel Concept for Mapping Out No Fire Zones for a Scalable Effects High Power Laser System with a Multi-Mission Capability
Abstract:The scope of this effort is to design, build a prototype of, and characterize the performance of, the GPU-based Real-time Integrated Deconfliction (GRID) system. The baseline Phase I includes the design of the overall system and the constituent algorithms required to calculate no-fire zones in real-time. The Phase I Option task is to implement a demonstrator prototype on GPU hardware in a stand-alone PC, and characterize the speed and accuracy of the no-fire zone calculations.

ASR Corporation
7817 Bursera, NW
Al, NM 87120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 830-3000
Michael D. Abdalla
A12-066      Awarded: 9/17/2012
Title:Pulse Power and Energy Sources for High Power Microwave and High Power Laser
Abstract:Since there is no clear final configuration, ASR has chosen to contemplate a design concept to be accomplished during a potential Phase II award along with a Phase I work plan to demonstrate feasibility of the Phase II concept. ASR proposes to develop an HPM source for deployment into the MLRS M26 payload bay. Multiple, parallel FEGs will charge a single quarter wave oscillator to 100+ kV and each FEG will be fired in order to accomplish the 100+ Hz pulse repetition rate. When the oscillator is fully charged, an internal switch closes and the oscillator will begin to oscillate with the chosen antenna load to generate a wideband radiated signal.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Hu, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(334) 887-0806
Zac Shotts
A12-066      Awarded: 8/15/2012
Title:Pulse Power and Energy Sources for High Power Microwave and High Power Laser
Abstract:This work describes an innovative approach to developing a pulsed electrical system that can function over a wide range of environmental conditions. Techniques are developed for system scaling over a wide range of sizes. The power systems are self-contained, with long shelf life and designed to function over a wide range of peak and average power levels. Output voltages of 100-1000 kV are achievable with pulse repetition rates greater than 100 Hz. A literature search will identify relevant technologies for major components such as energy source, input voltage control through DC-DC conversion, high voltage transformation, and switching technology to control the flow of energy from the source to a load. A system assessment identifies possible combinations of components that meet requirements and identifies best practice and changes that must be made when scaling to larger sizes. Potting compounds and insulating techniques necessary to withstand both environmental stresses and electric fields are researched and evaluated within the context of compact geometry and environmental constraints. A bench top proof of principle power system will be built and characterized. It will serve as guidance for phase II efforts to produce pulsed power systems for non-conventional warheads with full form, fit, and function.

Tethers Unlimited, Inc.
11711 N. Creek Pkwy S., Suite D113
Bo, WA 98011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 486-0100
Tyrel Newton
A12-067      Awarded: 9/5/2012
Title:Nanosatellite to Standard Army Handheld Radio Communications System
Abstract:TUI proposes to develop two novel technologies that will enable pico-satellites in LEO to efficiently close the link with standard issue handheld radios on the ground. The first technology is a dual-band software-defined radio that will provide UHF SATCOM to soldiers on the ground and a unified S-band link for backhaul and spacecraft command and control. The second technology is a deployable antenna with a range-compensating radiation pattern designed to provide a uniform power density to the entire ±60° view of the Earth from a Nadir pointing LEO spacecraft. Together, these two component technologies will provide a high performance communications capability to the US Army’s dismounted soldiers.

Vulcan Wireless Inc.
1935 Camino Vida Roble Suite 150A
Ca, CA 92008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 602-0606
Kevin Lynaugh
A12-067      Awarded: 9/19/2012
Title:Nanosatellite to Standard Army Handheld Radio Communications System
Abstract:Flexible communications payloads for small satellites are becoming more capable and ready for critical missions. As the role of the CubeSat and NanoSat continues to evolve communications payloads play a critical role in expanding the mission sets and tasks these satellites. Larger Geosynchronous based satellite systems are evolving and expanding their capacity. However, the small satellite can augment these larger national systems by providing improved reliability at higher latitudes and penetration into the urban canyon. The proposed technology will mitigate fading, increase user capacity and simplify user interfacing. Software defined radio processing will expand the channel capacity by an order of magnitude and implement cognitive radio techniques to increase user access and capacity.

NexTech Materials, Ltd.
404 Enterprise Dr.
Le, OH 43035
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 842-6606
Scott L. Swartz
A12-068      Awarded: 9/15/2012
Title:Sulfur Tolerant Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Stack
Abstract:In this proposed SBIR project, NexTech Materials will design, develop and demonstrate a 10-kW scale, power dense and sulfur tolerant solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack for military ground vehicle auxiliary power units. NexTech has already established a conceptual design for this stack, which incorporates sulfur tolerant anode technology. This conceptual design will provide the starting point for the project. In Phase I, comprehensive modeling will be performed to optimize the stack design with respect to volume and weight, pressure drops, reactant flow distribution and thermal gradients. Assumptions used for stack modeling will be validated by short-stack testing. In the Phase I Option, NexTech will manufacture and/or procure components required for building stacks of the targeted design. In Phase II, NexTech will build and test stacks of the targeted design to confirm compliance to all specifications, including tolerance to a minimum of 50 ppm H2S in reformate fuel, and will deliver a validated 10-kW stack to the Army for testing and evaluation. Successful execution of this project will results in a significant improvement in simplicity, reliability and size of SOFC-based power systems.

Computational Dynamics Inc.
1809 Wisconsin Ave
Be, IL 60402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 750-5993
Ahmed A. Shabana
A12-069      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:Integration of computational geometry, finite element, and multibody system algorithms for the development of new computational methodology for high-f
Abstract:This project aims at addressing and remedying the serious limitations of the three-decade old multibody system (MBS) software technology currently used in the analysis, design, virtual prototyping, and performance evaluation of modern vehicle systems. These limitations are well known and are documented in the literature. The analysis of modern vehicle systems requires the development of complex models that include significant details that cannot be captured or accurately simulated using existing MBS codes which are based on rigid body assumptions or small deformation finite element (FE) formulations that are not suited for efficient communications with CAD systems. It is the main objective of phase I of this SBIR project to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a new MBS software technology that is based on new concepts and algorithms that can be used for accurate and efficient simulation of military and civilian wheeled and tracked vehicle models that include significant details. The new software technology will allow for: 1) preserving CAD geometry when FE analysis meshes are created; 2) modeling large deformation in MBS applications; 3) implementation of general constitutive models; 4) development of new efficient FE/MBS meshes that have constant inertia and linear connectivity conditions; and 5) use of numerical integration procedures that satisfy the constraint equations at the position, velocity, and acceleration levels; these integration methods will not require the numerical differentiation of the forces, and will take advantage of the sparse matrix structure of the MBS dynamic equations. A successful integration of CAD computational geometry (CG), nonlinear large displacement FE, and flexible MBS algorithms is necessary for the development of the new software technology. Such an efficient integration can be accomplished using the nonlinear FE absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF) that allows for preserving CAD geometry, implementing general material models, using general large deformation continuum mechanics approach, developing new FE meshes that have constant inertia matrix and linear connectivity conditions, and exploiting the sparse matrix structure of the MBS dynamic equations. Implicit and explicit numerical integration procedures that ensure that the constraint equations are satisfied at the position, velocity, and acceleration levels will be used in order to avoid violations of the basic mechanics principles.

Multibody.org
1220 Scout Ave
La, MI 48360
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 690-7731
James Critchley
A12-069      Awarded: 9/4/2012
Title:Next Generation Multibody Simulation Software
Abstract:Most systems we interact with are dynamic systems and among those, multibody systems are pervasive. A multibody system is any physical system which may be modeled as interconnected rigid or flexible bodies which includes all manner of machines and mechanisms ranging from terrestrial vehicles and space structures to manufacturing equipment, robots, micro, nano, molecular, and bio-mechanical systems. The role of multibody analysis in the successful design of these systems is critical and advances in multibody simulation technologies make the next generation of dynamic system designs possible. This proposal presents a plan for the development of a multibody modeling and simulation framework using new multi-fidelity simulation and linking directly to CAD geometries and design parameters. The objective is to unify multibody analysis activities across all levels of modeling fidelity to achieve new levels of simulation performance. The framework frees the multibody analyst from the tedious model transcription and maintenance tasks so that attention can be focused on improving the analytical abstractions which lead to faster simulations and better system design, capabilities which other domains will seek to duplicate.

Camber Ridge, LLC
8701 Mallard Creek Road
Ch, NC 28262
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 575-1688
James F. Cuttino
A12-071      Awarded: 7/26/2012
Title:Force and Moment Tire Characterization
Abstract:Camber Ridge proposes to build a modular tire testing apparatus to overcome the shortcomings of conventional tire testing machines. The apparatus involves an instrumented spindle mounted on a tire orientation manipulation device which can dynamically position the tire in any orientation necessary to replicate the movement of a suspension. The manipulation device can be mounted in a number of configurations, including those currently found in the industry (i.e., mounted on a trailer, suspended above a belt, etc.) or in a new configuration (such as suspended on a moving, guided carriage above a paved surface).

Great Lakes Sound & Vibration, Inc.
47140 N Main St.
Ho, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-7535
Stephen Polakowski
A12-072      Awarded: 9/26/2012
Title:Development of affordable high-performing passive exhaust systems and manufacturing technology
Abstract:Exhaust systems have a significant impact on performance of the vehicle, from the automotive perspective, to its acoustic signature. The soldier wants all the power available for mobility, yet has to pay attention to the noise signature that can be detected by human and sensor devices. Military exhaust systems are largely influenced by program signature and or detectability requirements, and many requirements are quite the opposite of commercial exhaust systems. With the customization, low manufacturing volumes and tight development timelines, it is difficult to produce a low cost system. GLSV has extensive experience developing complete exhaust systems, beginning with the back pressure simulation through comprehensive design, FEA, CFD, acoustic simulation, prototyping and low volume production. Having produced over twenty five custom exhaust systems for marine, ATV, tactical trucks, and combat vehicles puts us in a market leading position to design and manufacture modular components with a focus on low cost tooling and assembly methods.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Ho, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Christopher Sullivan
A12-072      Awarded: 9/6/2012
Title:Development of affordable high-performing passive exhaust systems and manufacturing technology
Abstract:The Army needs affordable and very quiet exhaust systems that can meet typical Army constraints such as backpressure, weight, size, etc. Oceanit proposes to develop a novel high-performance, polymer-based exhaust system and manufacturing technology that can meet the target performance of at least 35 dB (linear and A-weighted) noise reduction at a cost of less than $500 per vehicle, at a target manufacturing volume of 100 units.

Autonomous Solutions, Inc.
990 North 8000 West
Pe, UT 84325
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(435) 755-2980
Matthew Berkemeier
A12-073      Awarded: 8/29/2012
Title:Stability Control Improvement and State Detection for Autonomous Vehicles
Abstract:The proposed research will look at a combination of low-cost radar, stereo camera, and lidar data to generate a 3D model of the terrain ahead of a vehicle. The resulting terrain model will be automatically segmented, simplified and compressed to produce a reasonable description, which can interact with a vehicle model in real time to generate realistic forces on tires. The resulting estimated vehicle path will be examined for rollover or other hazard occurrence for driver alert. Further, the path will be compared with an ideal path, and a cost function will be applied to determine a measure of its “goodness.” This measure will be used in a Model Predictive Control Optimizer to automatically modify autonomous steering, brake, and throttle inputs in a simulated UGV. Simulations will be run in CarSim and TruckSim to verify the method. The simulation will interact with a controller that runs in Matlab.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Hu, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 344-9057
Glenn Rolader
A12-073      Awarded: 7/27/2012
Title:Stability Control Improvement and State Detection for Autonomous Vehicles
Abstract:Loss of vehicle control and vehicle rollover is a major cause of accidents for military vehicles such as the MRAP, LMTV, and FMTV. This problem is compounded in places with primitive, often unstable, roadways and rugged terrain. Standard roll stability control systems, such as those used in the automotive industry, can be used to reduce the likelihood of rollover caused by overly aggressive maneuvers on flat terrain, but they are generally not capable of preventing tripped or terrain influenced rolls. By leveraging advances in perception sensors, computing power, and data fusion, our proposal seeks to develop a tightly integrated system that perceives the future terrain/environment, calculates the vehicle dynamic response, and either selects a path/vehicle state that does not create rollover conditions and/or warns an operator of the potential instability in time for a corrective response. Such as system would significantly reduce military vehicle accidents and save lives.

Quantum Signal, LLC
200 N. Ann Arbor St
Sa, MI 48176
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 429-9100
Mitchell Rohde
A12-073      Awarded: 9/26/2012
Title:VSS+: A NEXT-GENERATION PREDICTIVE VEHICLE STABILITY SYSTEM
Abstract:Control of both manned and unmanned (i.e. autonomous or teleoperated) military vehicles is difficult for many reasons. As a result, vehicle accidents (most notably rollover) are one of the leading causes of casualty in Army operations (in manned vehicles) and disabling (in UGVs). While many advances have been made in the commercial passenger vehicle domain to improve vehicle safety—including technology such as adaptive cruise control, and roll/yaw stability control—such technology has not been introduced to military vehicles. This is due in part to the presence of outdated, legacy military technology, and the inability of COTS technology to meet rugged military specifications and operate reliably in harsh conditions. Also, while significant research advances have been made in the robotics domain related to vehicle sensing and control systems, the components used in this research are often non- robust and far too expensive for large-scale military adoption. Therefore, there exists a significant need to introduce vehicle stability enhancement technology to military vehicles. In this project, a low cost vehicle stability enhancement system (dubbed VSS+) will be developed that is applicable to a wide range of legacy vehicles of varying size and type. VSS+ will provide information to the operator (or onboard control systems) on vehicle stability in real time, and will have both reactive and predictive capabilities. It will be intended as a add-on functionality for retrofitting existing vehicles, and use standardized interface architectures and protocols such as CAN and AUTOSAR.

ARC Technology
13076 NW 120th St.
Wh, KS 67154
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(316) 799-2763
William Carey
A12-074      Awarded: 7/3/2012
Title:Electrically Generated Haptic Feedback to Simulate Virtual Explosions
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a variable pulsed power circuit and custom load that simulates the audio, visual, and tactile response of a variety of explosive devices. The system operates by tailoring the voltage and current discharge profile through the stimulus generator at the operating point that best matches the signature of the explosive device. The device resets itself and can be operated multiple times to mimic various explosive devices and distances in a single training session. The system will not harm the either the trainee or the simulation facility and will leave no trace of its operation such as spent projectiles, paint or other debris.

Engineering Acoustics, Inc.
406 Live Oaks Blvd
Ca, FL 32707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Bruce Mortimer
A12-074      Awarded: 7/3/2012
Title:Haptic Feedback for a Virtual Explosion
Abstract:The sense of touch forms an intrinsic part of our real world experience and is naturally associated with physical exploration and contact. Virtual Training (VT) Systems have successfully trained the Warfighter for several years by immersing the participant in a realistic simulation of the actual battle-space and combat environment. Current VT applications rely on providing realistic visual imagery and some level of surround sound audio. It is well known that our perception and world model is shaped by an integration of visual, auditory and somatosensory stimuli in an automatic process known as sensory integration. Thus a technology gap exists in that haptic and tactile stimuli is not adequately provided in current VT systems. This project aims to develop haptic feedback to simulate virtual explosions for indoor virtual training systems; specifically, the force felt from debris strikes from an IED explosion and / or the force felt by a bullet strike. The objective of this Phase I effort is the design and demonstration of a proof-of-concept actuator for producing remote haptic stimuli. We will investigate approaches where the characteristics of the drive and actuator are configured to produce various sensory effects in a safe and effective manner.