---------- DARPA ----------

30 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Zoey Ni
SB122-001      Awarded: 12/6/2012
Title:Combinatorial PNA-CPP Molecules Targeting Plasmid Transfer and Replication to Control Antibiotic Resistance
Abstract:One major cause of the widespread of drug-resistant and virulent bacteria pathogen is the horizontal gene transfer of resistance and virulence genes in the form of plasmids. As proof-of concept for this Phase I effort, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop combinatorial therapeutics by inhibiting conserved genes involved in multiple steps of plasmid transfer and replication using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) antisense oligonucleotides and cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) in both gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and gram- positive strain Enterococcus faecalis. These PNA-CPPs are designed to suppress the expression of the critical enzymes involved in the plasmid transfer and replication in the pathogenic microorganisms. The proposed system has the potential to inhibit the spread of drug resistance genes to susceptible strains and eventually eliminate the drug resistance of the host microbes.

Ginkgo BioWorks
27 Drydock Ave 8th Floor
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 422-5362
Reshma Shetty
SB122-001      Awarded: 11/19/2012
Title:Controlling Antibiotic Resistance by Vaccinating Bacterial Populations
Abstract:The prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria has risen dramatically over the past decades with over 70% of hospital bacterial infections harboring resistance to one or more classes of antibiotics. To date, the rise of drug resistant pathogens has been addressed by improved containment practices, judicious use of antibiotic treatments, and government-sponsored antibiotic research and development programs. Despite these measures, we are still facing a losing battle against the spread of antibiotic resistance. Given these significant challenges, both technical and economic, new strategies for combating antibiotic resistance are desperately needed. We propose a novel strategy that will limit the occurrence and spread of antibiotic resistance by targeting the genetic elements that encode antibiotic resistance, rather than any particular microbial species or strain. The approach is therefore broadly applicable to both Gram-positive and negative bacteria. To achieve this goal, we propose to use engineered mobile genetic elements to “vaccinate” microbial communities against uptake and dissemination of genetically-encoded antibiotic resistance elements. This approach is now made possible by technology advances in synthetic biology centered around gene and genome design and construction.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 558-5623
Roland Saldanha
SB122-001      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:Controlling Antibiotic Resistant or Highly Virulent Pathogens Through Plasmid Curing
Abstract:Group II introns are a novel class of catalytic RNA molecule that are capable of site specific insertion into DNA targets. This property can be reengineered to facilitate site specific DNA integration into a wide range of DNA targets. We intend to exploit this property of group II introns to effect plasmid curing by disrupting critical sequences or proteins responsible for plasmid replication/spread or stable maintenance. In a complimentary approach integration of a group II intron into a plasmid will be used to activate a toxic payload that can systematically sense and destroy plasmid bearing cells. If successful in the initial proposed work, during a phase I option we propose to modify the vector backbones on which the group II introns are delivered to a conjugation based system. Conjugative systems can be quite efficient and in some cases approach near 100% efficiency of plasmid transfer. We will port our expression cassettes to plasmids that can be delivered by live organisms that are permitted to be used as probiotics or have gained FDA approval in an IND.

DIAMOND NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC
114 MORNINGSIDE DR # 63
NEW YORK, NY 10027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 622-1866
ophir gaathon
SB122-002      Awarded: 11/20/2012
Title:Super-Resolution Magnetic Field Microscopy [SRMFM] Using Multifunctional Diamond Nanosensors
Abstract:In this program, we will develop and prototype a new Super-Resolution Magnetic Field Microscopy (SRMFM) system that employs nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond nanostructures to image magnetic fields with a sensitivity below 100nT/√Hz and a spatial resolution better than 20 nm. The system consists of two primary components: (1) hardware and software for NV electron spin-based imaging and magnetometry, implementing our recently developed wide-field super-resolution imaging technique and advanced spin sensing protocols; and (2) four classes of diamond nanocrystal imaging solutions with increasing sensitivity, including nanosensors fabricated from ultra-high purity bulk diamond, with near-unity NV yield and chemically controlled surfaces for dry and liquid applications. Component (1) consists of a hardware and software kit that can be easily added to existing commercial confocal microscopes by major manufacturers, upgrading them to an SRMFM. Component (2) represents the diamond nanosensor probe solution to be used in (1), or as a stand-alone product for labs already possessing a suitable microscope. The combination of the microscope kit and research-grade, high-quality imaging agents, will not only establish sub-optical resolution magnetic field imaging and sensing technique, but will also make the customizable and versatile diamond nanosensors available to the research community at large.

Quantum Diamond Technologies Inc.
89 Hammond Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 604-3394
Colin Connolly
SB122-002      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:High-resolution, Ultra-sensitive Magnetic Imaging Using an Ensemble of Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) Centers in Diamond
Abstract:Ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond allow the detection of weak magnetic fields under ambient conditions, with wide-ranging applications in the physical and life sciences. We have previously demonstrated high-sensitivity and high-resolution NV- diamond magnetic field imaging devices in a university laboratory setting. The proposed SBIR project will transition these research results into commercial applications. The proposed diamond magnetic field imager will operate in a scanning-confocal mode, and be applicable to both physical science samples and biological systems. In Task 1 we will design a robust-packaged diamond magnetic field imager capable of meeting the following performance goals for a Phase II instrument: spatial resolution <300 nm, AC magnetic field sensitivity <10 nT/Hz1/2, and field-of-view ~1 mm. In Task 2 we will assess techniques to realize spatial resolution <100 nm for the Phase II instrument. In the Phase I Option we will update the Phase II instrument design to provide spatial resolution <100 nm and assess potential Phase III applications of a fieldable instrument. A commercialization strategy and technology transition plan is also presented.

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 272-1323
David C. Hovde
SB122-002      Awarded: 10/29/2012
Title:Magnetic Field Microscope Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) Centers in Diamond
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will examine methods to make maps of magnetic fields with both high spatial resolution and high sensitivity. The sensing element will be an NV doped diamond. Magnetic fields will be measured by electron spin resonance. The Phase I work will show that diffraction limited images can be obtained over a relatively wide field of view and will examine methods to enhance the signal to noise ratio of the images. The Phase I option will show that still higher resolution, beyond the diffraction limit, is possible.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Robert Purnell
SB122-003      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:Minimally Invasive, Self-Collection of Large Volume Biospecimens
Abstract:Human plasma offers the promise of a revolution in biomarker-based disease diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring. Absence of a trained phlebotomist in remote locations limits the diagnostic potential of the human proteome, as current self-administered point-of-care extraction volumes are insufficient for the detection of many of the low abundance biomarkers. Current devices for monitoring glucose levels are useful because glucose concentration is high enough for detection from microliters of blood, but biomarkers for many potentially life threatening conditions, are well below 10000 copies or molecules per milliliter, and thus require at least 100 µL volumes of blood for reliable diagnosis and clinical action. Extraction of larger volumes is possible using lancets but requires sample transfer and is therefore prone to contamination in remote locations when operated by an inexperience user. Consequently, many potentially life-threatening conditions are undetectable in remote locations, and therefore present a danger to the health of military personnel. The Bio-Fluid Self-Extraction (BioFLEX) system addresses this problem by combining the simplicity of finger stick blood collection with a manual pumping system for storage of biofluid at volumes up to 500 μL, sufficient for downstream point of care diagnostics on low abundance biomarkers.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Sriram Shankar
SB122-003      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:A Vacuum-Actuated Microneedle Patch with Integrated Reservoir (VAMPIRE) for Minimally Invasive Blood Sampling
Abstract:Blood comprises a comprehensive compendium of biomolecules that is fully representative of human health; identification of specific biomarkers is useful for diagnosis, prediction, and monitoring of health, in real-time, making it the bio-fluid of choice for analytical applications. However, owing to the broad range of biomolecules in blood (10-log orders), the distribution of very low-level biomarkers in small volumes is governed by Poissonian principles and is not adequately representative. Thus, pinprick-based techniques often are not useful for accurate detection of such biomarkers. It is necessary to collect a larger, more representative volume of blood, but this is non-trivial, often requiring clinically-trained phlebotomists and highly invasive, painful methods. Lynntech is proposing the development of a low power/cost, minimally invasive, and relatively pain-free single-use device (VAMPIRE) for collecting larger blood samples (0.1-1 mL). The proposed device will be developed with a view towards potential future in-line integration with extant point-of-care diagnostics for easy, deployable use in remote settings. Additionally, the integrated reservoir will be designed to facilitate sample collection and storage for later-expanded clinical testing, if necessary. Sample collection is the weakest link in the chain of bioanalysis; VAMPIRE will provide unsurpassed, controlled, reproducible, blood-sample collection abilities that will bridge this niche.

Tasso, Inc
723 Jenifer St Apt #3
Madison, WI 53703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 556-7606
Erwin Berthier
SB122-003      Awarded: 2/8/2013
Title:Integrated, self-actuated, blood collection and biomarker purification device
Abstract:Blood-based assays require upstream mechanisms to acquire sample from a patient, extract the analyte of interest, and preserve the analyte until it can be quantified. Current point-of- care assays overwhelmingly rely on lancet puncture, which is inconvenient because of the presence of blood that is open to the environment and induces high levels of user error inherent with the multiple steps required. In order to develop a platform that can be used in any situation (i.e. low resource setting, moving vehicle) and by an untrained user, we propose the development of a blood collection and sample purification platform integrated in a simple device that does not require complex fluid transfer steps. The technology proposed will allow accessible blood collection and high-purity extraction from the sample collected of a broad range of biomarkers such as viral particles, protein, RNA and DNA for downstream quantification and analysis. The disposable testing platform can be readily interfaced with components for in-the-field testing, or used for stabilizing the biomarkers of interest for safely shipping to a remote laboratory for analysis.

Breakaway, Ltd.
10150 York Road Suite 250
Hunt Valley, MD 21030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 316-9693
Jennifer McNamara
SB122-004      Awarded: 11/5/2012
Title:Virtual Responder: Blended Reality for Teaching STEM Education and EMT Skills
Abstract:Our approach is to use the vHealthCare platform to present First Responder training scenarios through a game, Virtual Responder, designed to teach medical diagnostics and procedures. This mobile application will initially be developed for deployment on an Android tablet with a long-term goal of also being available through iOS operating system as well. Both military and civilian presentations of the training scenarios will be incorporated. By presenting various scenarios, individuals will have the opportunity to transfer their learning into multiple contexts, which requires higher-level thinking as opposed to rote memorization often associated with skills training.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
SB122-004      Awarded: 11/5/2012
Title:Handheld Intelligent Tutors Personalized for Individual Training (HITPOINT)
Abstract:Training first responders to efficiently select and effectively carry out emergency medical procedures in dynamic, highly stressful, and novel environments remains a challenge. Many traditional training techniques focus on frequent repetition and memorization of basic lifesaving tasks. However, responders need an expert knowledge of the underlying anatomy and reasoning behind those tasks to effectively adapt them to novel situations. Training this expertise varies greatly across responders, who come to the training with unique skill sets, training needs, and aptitudes. We propose to design and demonstrate games that teach first responder skills and reinforce generalizable physiology principles through Handheld Intelligent Tutors Personalized for Individual Training (HITPOINT). HITPOINT will help responders simultaneously learn critical first-aid skills and understand the underlying principles of physiology by combining engaging gameplay, tailored performance feedback and guidance, and underlying STEM-based training methods. Through a unique blend of an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) and a realistic simulation of physiological systems, trainees will be able to go beyond rote learning of lists of rules and actively explore the realistic reaction of those systems to various lifesaving approaches. Combined, these methods will identify and address trainees’ unique pedagogical needs while providing the fundamental understanding necessary to face novel lifesaving situations.

Intific, Inc.
1 Enterprise Pkwy Suite 330
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 357-1811
Amy Kruse
SB122-004      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Space Doc: A Game-Based First-Responder Medical Training and STEM Learning Application
Abstract:Space Doc is a mobile, web-based STEM learning and medical training application set in a persistent world with a science fiction / science-fact context. You travel on a mission to Mars aboard a ship with 50+ team mates on a long journey with continual scenario dangers of every type that threaten mission success. You play as a first responder trainee and your team members are counting on you to help keep them alive. Those who are rescued through your efforts are ‘unlocked’ in the game-based experience for future access while they teach and mentor you in relevant STEM topics and first responder procedures. Space Doc merges this game-based approach to STEM learning with realistic physiology systems simulation and permits novel use of mobile interfaces to maximum effect. Scores are based on both lives saved and knowledge acquired and players advance as experience adds up, unlocking more difficult dangers to deal with. Using a HTML 5 engine, tools and infrastructure that leverages ongoing work with DARPA’s ENGAGE Program, the technology provides both an Action and a Learning Mode and readily supports tailored learning and training, either based on proficiency (adaptive), or in scenarios customized for a particular game audience.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 553-9694
Manoj Kanskar
SB122-005      Awarded: 11/1/2012
Title:Innovative Passivation to Increase the Power at Which Laser Diode Fails
Abstract:nLight proposes to suppress the key remaining output power extraction limiter – COMD failure mechanism – by passivating the cleaved facet of laser diodes with high bandgap semiconductor layers that is epitaxially grown in an atomically conformal manner at low temperature and in ultra-high vacuum.

SCIENCE RESEARCH LABORATORY INC
15 WARD STREET
SOMERVILLE, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 547-1122
ANDREW WALSH
SB122-005      Awarded: 12/11/2012
Title:Innovative Passivation to Increase the Power at Which Laser Diode Fails
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to increase the power of 20% fill-factor laser diode (LD) bars from the present state-of-the-art (SOA) of 60-70 W/bar to 600 W/bar – a “DARPA hard” ten- fold increase. This revolutionary and disruptive increase in the power/bar will be accomplished by increasing the power at which SOA LDs fail, namely, increasing the threshold for catastrophic optical damage (COD) of the LD by improving the passivation of the facets. While SOA LD passivations are perfectly acceptable for SOA bars operating at 60-70 W, they are not capable of withstanding the 600 W/bar required for our military HELs.

sdPhotonics LLC
450 South Lake Jessup Avenue
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 929-6675
Sabine Freisem
SB122-005      Awarded: 10/29/2012
Title:Epitaxial growth for facet passivation of high power diode lasers
Abstract:A new facet coating material for high power diode lasers will be developed that reduces interface states at the cleaved facet and increases facet cooling. The facet coating is expected to be more robust and lead to increased power and brightness in high power diode lasers, bars and stacks. The facet coating technique makes use of commercial processes based on vacuum cleaving and epitaxial growth, and can be used to add optical elements to improve beam quality and spectral control.

Laser Operations, LLC
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 986-0000
Jeffrey Ungar
SB122-006      Awarded: 11/8/2012
Title:Ultra-Bright Diode Laser Emitters for Pumping High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
Abstract:High brightness directed energy lasers based on combining beams generated by fiber lasers and amplifiers require fiber-coupled 976 nm diode laser pumps with spatial and spectral brightness that exceed current state-of-the-art. We will meet these requirements by adapting 1060 nm MOPA designs with which we have demonstrated operation at brightness approaching 1 GW/cm^2*sr, to 976 nm.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 553-9694
Manoj Kanskar
SB122-006      Awarded: 11/19/2012
Title:Ultra-Bright Diode Laser Emitters for Pumping High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
Abstract:nLight proposes a novel semiconductor laser device operating at ~976 nm with a spatially single mode laser that is separately addressable to generate a few hundred milliwatts of power and then subsequently amplified to > 10 watts with a separate electrical contact in a larger gain area while preserving the beam quality resulting in > 1000 MW/cm2-Sr. We expect electrical-to-optical power conversion efficiency of >55% by using Super High Efficiency Diode Sources (SHEDS) design. We will also develop a concept for packaging these devices in nLight’s Gen-2 Pearl module.

TeraDiode, Inc.
11A Beaver Brook Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 952-2501
Robin Huang
SB122-006      Awarded: 10/26/2012
Title:Ultra-Bright Diode Laser Emitters for Pumping High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
Abstract:There is a compelling need for scaling fiber lasers and amplifiers to higher power and energy for industrial and military applications. The primary scaling roadblock today is the very limited brightness of diode laser pumps. We propose to produce the highest brightness diode laser pump sources for fiber amplifiers demonstrated to date. TeraDiode will build high efficiency pump lasers at 976-nm for application in pumping high power fiber lasers and amplifiers. These highly efficient pumps will be 10x to 100x brighter than those diode laser pumps that are currently available today.

MAV6
800 Cherry Street
Vicksburg, MS 39183
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 340-1304
John Tan
SB122-007      Awarded: 12/5/2012
Title:Foliage Propagation Model Development to Support New Communications Concepts
Abstract:The Foliage Abstraction RF Multiscale Estimation Rendering (FARMER) framework will perform high fidelity simulations of heavy foliage environments using a novel multiscale approach, dramatically extending the capabilities of existing foliage modeling tools and integrating existing computational electromagnetics (CEM) solutions. FARMER will use domain decomposition and an innovative scattering distribution function to support a multiscale methodology that has not previously been applied to this problem. Additionally, FARMER will use a pipeline architecture (PA) and software engineering best practices to facilitate integration of existing models. The proposed FARMER framework is a computationally scalable solution for modeling radio frequency (RF) propagation in complex, high foliage environments not possible with current methodologies.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Xuemin Jin
SB122-007      Awarded: 11/6/2012
Title:FOliage Communications Simulation (FOCS) Framework
Abstract:Reliable communications are essential for real-time situational awareness, sensor command, control planning and data access throughout the entire battle space for the warfighters. RF communications in forests, jungles and triple canopy environments (those with both an overstory and understory) are challenged by severe multipath and attenuation effects thereby limiting the warfighters’ access to critical data. Wave propagation models that extend beyond free space and urban environments into foliage-rich environments are needed to provide better prediction of multipath interference, attenuation, and absorption in non-uniform dense forest and jungles. We propose to develop a foliage propagation framework, FOliage Communications Simulation (FOCS), to model the propagation of electromagnetic fields in a realistic forested environment and support the simulation and evaluation of new communication methods and deployment scenarios. The framework features realistic forest modeling taking into account environment factors and forest topography, the scattering characteristics of individually based forest components, and the effect of ground and multiple scattering interactions among trees. The framework will be general enough to allow for future incorporation of improved forest representation as better terrain data are collected. The results from Phase I will be used to define a comprehensive foliage propagation model in Phase II.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 493-0057
Mark McClure
SB122-007      Awarded: 11/1/2012
Title:Foliage Propagation Model Development to Support New Communications Concepts
Abstract:Systems & Technology Research (STR) together with our partner, The Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory (OSU/ESL), is pleased to provide this proposal to develop foliage propagation modeling algorithms and techniques to support new communications concepts. Our innovative approach to this problem will combine efficient computational electromagnetic methods (CEM) that capture the salient foliage scattering phenomenology, analysis of measured data and communications systems analyses that exercise the CEM-based model for performance prediction. We propose to extend the well- established 4-layer model to a general N-layer model, and within each of the lower foliage layers incorporate a random distribution of tree trunks. Trunks are randomly distributed with random diameters. Larger tree trunks extend through the lower canopy into the upper canopy. Through rigorous numerical Monte Carlo studies and closed-form analytical techniques, we propose to derive channel models appropriate for different communications frequency bands. Models will include path loss, delay spread, dispersion and correlation between channels. The parameters of the models will be adjusted to fit experimental data based on inputs such as average tree spacing and diameter, dielectric loss factors for ground and foliage, canopy height, polarization, etc. These studies will reveal optimum communications link designs and coding schemes for a given scenario.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 259-9509
Tim Lewis
SB122-008      Awarded: 12/5/2012
Title:Advanced Flywheel
Abstract:The Advanced FlywheelTM (AF) technology utilizes an innovative configuration in conjunction with modern materials to deliver a flywheel energy storage system with an energy density in excess of 500 W-hr/kg and over 420 W-hr/liter. Using this technology, GTL proposes to develop an FOB scale (150 KWh) system that is capable of delivering 1 Megawatt of power. Based on the anticipated energy density, this 150 KWh system would be approximately 3.0 ft diameter and 2.0 ft tall, weighing 300Kg; which is dramatically smaller than any competing technology. Additionally, AF offers more than 2M cycles and a 20 year operating life with few maintenance requirements and the ability to withstand a broad range of operating temperatures. In the proposed effort, GTL will balance, spin and test an existing rotor developed on a previous DARPA project and demonstrate proof of concept. Should DARPA exercise the optional task, GTL would fabricate and test a magnetic bearing to verify its performance. The results of this effort will be used to determine the maximum performance that can be achieved with this transformational technology.

NOHM Technologies
PO Box 4869
Ithaca, NY 14852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 379-5444
Surya Moganty
SB122-008      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Lithium-Sulfur batteries for energy storage applications
Abstract:NOHMs Technologies proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a novel Lithium- Sulfur chemistry for electrical energy storage that provides high charge and discharge rates, high cycle life, and high energy density. The proposed technology is based on innovative sulfur-infused carbon composite cathode materials (developed at Cornell University), which overcome the poor cycle life problems that have plagued Li-S batteries by encapsulating sulfur in mesoporous carbon hosts. The primary goal of Phase I project is to develop S@C composite cathodes that contain high sulfur loading (70%) and exhibit long cycle life (>1000 cycles). We propose to achieve this target using electronically conducting, optimal porous carbon hosts (by utilizing commercially available carbon feedstocks: carbon aerogel, coconut carbon and coal) for sulfur infusion, which limits polysulfide dissolution. The secondary goal of Phase I research is to improve the thermal and electrochemical stability of the electrolytes to further the reversibility of the redox reactions between lithium and sulfur and safety.

Qintelix, Inc.
8906 Wall Street, Suite 703
Austin, TX 78754
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-0608
Vladimir Mancevski
SB122-008      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:CNT-Based Electrostatic Supercapacitor for Energy Storage
Abstract:Qintelix, Inc. proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of a 1 MW scale carbon nanotube (CNT) based electrostatic energy storage system with high charge and discharge rates, high cycle life, and high energy density. CNT based electrostatic energy storage technology will enable a transformational shift from reliance on Lithium Ion battery technology to adoption of a novel electrostatic energy storage device that offers game-changing performance enhancement and also overcomes multiple drawbacks of conventional electrochemical battery systems. An analytical study will be conducted during Phase I to confirm the feasibility of achieving system level properties targeted by DARPA. A proof of concept demonstration will also be conducted and a technology path to enhanced performance will be identified.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
James R. McCracken
SB122-009      Awarded: 11/13/2012
Title:MSSAI-Multi-national Space Situation Awareness Interface
Abstract:Our Multi-national Space Situational Awareness Interface (MSSAI) program builds on our experience developing the Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System (JMS) User-Definable Operational Picture (UDOP), and will reuse large amounts of the technology. This will enable the development of a preliminary prototype to prove the feasibility of key supplementary technologies. Key new technology areas we have identified from our JMS experience and research for this effort include methods for international data sharing and data security. MSSAI will address issues of (1) human-computer interface differences, (2) multi-level security, (3) cultural differences, (4) language and terminology, (5) working and learning environment differences and preferences, and (6) command structure differences and preferences.

Valepro LLC
106 Abbott Lane
Madison, AL 35756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 331-0219
Zac Gorrell
SB122-009      Awarded: 11/29/2012
Title:Human-centric Coalition Space Situational Awareness
Abstract:Valepro proposes DOMINO as an intuitive cross-cultural solution for a common user defined operating picture (UDOP) for multi-mission situational awareness across US and Coalition forces by leveraging existing COTS capabilities used to analyze the global financial markets. The common analytical capabilities resident within these existing financial software packages provides the flexibility to display volumes of multidimensional realtime and archived data both efficiently and in a manner that is readily understandable to the user. By transforming the overall mission domain into a market, DOMINO provides US and Coalition commanders the same tools, techniques and displays used by global financiers and multinational corporations to assess, plan and make real-time coordinated decisions based upon constantly changing updates and breaking news reports. The proposed six month Phase 1 DOMINO effort consists of an assessment task resulting in a functional prototype of the selected visual analytics COTS software package applied to SSA. Within this assessment, US and Coalition space surveillance architectures will be instantiated and the metadata for specific SSA scenarios (e.g. new foreign launch, break-up, re-entry, anomalous maneuver) will be generated. The resulting DOMINO displays will be populated from the underlying data to enable an integrated cross-cultural medium for integrated US/Coalition situational awareness.

Applied Defense Solutions Inc.
10440 Little Patuxent Parkway Suite 600
Columbia, MD 21044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 482-8911
Jacob Griesbach
SB122-010      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Space Signatures for Rapid Unambiguous Identification of Satellites
Abstract:Many of today’s sensors collect various data types beyond the traditional radiometric (range) or photometric (angles) that we call Space Object Identification (SOI) data. These data sources can yield discriminating satellite features and present a clear opportunity for correlation techniques to provide POI and improved track custody. We can use light reflectivity magnitude profiles and inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging to model spacecraft attitude. Heat signature profiling may be established with IR sensing as objects ascend and descend to/from Earth eclipsing. Maneuver models and profiling may be obtained as objects station-keep and perform momentum dumps. Multi-color and/or hyperspectral photometry may be used to infer materials of the satellite’s composition. RF transmissions may be analyzed spectrally to characterize what frequencies and coding techniques are used. We propose a new approach to data correlation. Our Phase I effort will research and design a prototype Bayesian discrimination framework to object identification and recognition. As an initial form of representative SOI data, we will develop an application to generate predictive optical magnitude (light curve) data, representative of actual observational data. We will modify a Multiple Model Adaptive Estimator (MMAE) approach to show how our core Bayesian discriminator concepts can efficiently and rapidly improve positive identification of catalogued (modeled) and un-catalogued (un-modeled) space objects. In addition, we will develop a tree-based taxonomy of representative 3D models to represent a variety of alternatives for the Bayesian discriminator. Finally, we will investigate the availability and accessibility of SOI data sources for future incorporation to the Bayesian discriminator for a possible Phase II follow-on effort.

Applied Optimization, Inc.
714 E Monument Ave Ste 204
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-5100
Tamara Payne
SB122-010      Awarded: 2/6/2013
Title:Space Signatures for Rapid Unambiguous Identification of Satellites
Abstract:The research objective of this proposal is to demonstrate a semi-automated association process based upon photometric and astrometric data collected by deep space sensors for UnCorrelated Tracks (UCTs) found in and near the Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) regime. We will derive a method for parameterizing photometric data such that it can be fused with astrometric (kinematic) parameters, some of which are already used in the current manual process. The fusion process will provide a framework for assigning probabilistic associations in a semi-automated way. The Phase I technical objectives are focused upon how to process photometric information to assist in decreasing the association uncertainty. The key technical issue is how well the photometric features can discriminate between different objects, as our hypothesis rests on the addition of photometric information to astrometric data. During Phase I, we will focus on demonstrating what information can be added by photometric features. Statistical tests will be performed to analyze how quickly the association process can converge to the correct solution using both photometric and astrometric data.

Boston Fusion Corp.
1 Van de Graaff Drive Suite 107
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 583-5730
Francis O'Donovan
SB122-010      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Rapid Identification of Space Objects using Multisensor Signatures
Abstract:The Rapid Identification of Space Objects using Multisensor Signatures (RISOMS) program will develop, evaluate, and transition an innovative multisensor signature-based capability to rapidly establish and maintain positive identification on space objects. In the Phase I program we will: (1) develop an integrated algorithmic approach to exploiting multi- sensor signature data in space object identification; (2) design an initial concept framework of an end-to-end space object identification system that takes optimal advantage of, and enables, the signature-based approach; (3) perform a data-driven investigation for object signatures to validate the RISOMS approach; (4) extend the analysis and algorithms to include multiple sensors, beyond those traditionally associated with the Space Surveillance Network (SSN); and (5) investigate the algorithm design and system performance issues related to the exploitation of sequences of sensor observations versus single observations. The results of the Phase I program will demonstrate the feasibility and promise of the systems concept to be realized in Phase II.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Tiare Martin
SB122-010      Awarded: 2/6/2013
Title:Space Signatures for Rapid Unambiguous Identification of Satellites
Abstract:Providing rapid and reliable positive identification of individual satellites on orbit is necessary for timely space situational awareness (SSA). Currently, objects are frequently lost and sometimes by chance reacquired without recognition of its previous catalog existence unless manpower-intensive analysis intervenes to identify the historic lineage. Oceanit proposes to develop a methodology to rapidly identify objects using automated recognition algorithms that identify important features using multi-spectral signature analysis. Oceanit also proposes to proactively maintain custody of a large majority of satellites by predicting maneuvers given their historic orbital data.