DoD SBIR FY12.2 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - CBD - DARPA - DHP - DLA - DMEA - DTRA - MDA

---------- ARMY ----------

56 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4463
Peter Chen
A12-075      Awarded: 10/24/2012
Title:Variable Surface Roughness Transition and Turbulence Modeling for Rotor Parasitic Drag
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), in collaboration with the Alfred Gessow Rotorcraft Center at the University of Maryland (UMD) at College Park, submits this Phase I Army SBIR to develop a numerical model for variable surface roughness distributions of materials such as glass, metal, and protective coatings that can be used in CFD simulations for accurate estimation of the parasite drag of an aircraft. The end product will be a surface roughness model based on efficient engineering algorithms that can be implemented into government and industry production-level CFD codes to estimate parasite drag of an Army aircraft within its design envelope.

MetroLaser, Inc.
8 Chrysler
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 553-0688
Jacob George
A12-075      Awarded: 10/26/2012
Title:Engineering Formulations for Turbulence Modeling of Variable Surface Roughness Effects in Wall-Bounded Flows
Abstract:The proposed effort has the objective to develop a method for representing the influence of surface roughness on turbulent transport. The method is designed for highly non- equilibrium flows, as occurs on helicopter rotors, and in other engineering applications. It is based on the displacement of origin approach, which is a way to incorporate roughness into Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence models via modified boundary conditions: it is our objective to devise an approach that is useable with standard engineering meshes and CFD methods. Further, the methodology also contains a formulation for intermittency, suitable for rough-wall boundary layers, to blend between laminar and fully turbulent states. The model will be validated against experimental data for abruptly changing surface roughness. Additional experiments will be conducted under this SBIR Phase I program to address the type of roughness that is found on rotors operated in harsh environments, and with protective coatings. While the acquired data is directly relevant to this application, it will also be of fundamental, benchmark type.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2513
Adam Goff
A12-076      Awarded: 10/26/2012
Title:Enhanced Carbon Face Seals for Rotorcraft Drive Systems
Abstract:Seals currently used for rotorcraft gearbox drive systems suffer from a high failure rate. Seals must prevent lubricant from escaping while under operation. Several materials are available for the seals, including carbon, elastomer, and ceramic, and all must withstand extreme shaft speeds (5,000-13,000 RPM) and temperatures (500 °F). Carbon face seals, which are predominantly used in rotorcraft either individually or in a magnetic seal assembly, can exhibit short lifetimes due to a variety of factors including debris entrapment at the seal interface, oxidation associated with incompatible lubricating oils and/or contaminants, and misalignment during installation. The time and manpower required to identify seal failures and replace seals is extremely costly and reduces fleet availability. Luna Innovations proposes an enhanced carbon face seal that will enhance seal lifetime and reliability. Modifications to the seal material chemistry and morphology will lead to higher durability and lower failure rate at comparable performance. The solution will be based significantly on previous experience with high performance carbon composites. The Phase I will involve proof-of-concept demonstration through material fabrication, optimization, testing, and collaboration with existing material suppliers, seal assembly manufacturers, and prime contractors.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 838-9217
Kevin Line
A12-076      Awarded: 10/30/2012
Title:Advanced Seal Technology for Helicopter Drive System Application
Abstract:Gearbox seal wear and leakage is a major source of maintenance and downtime for rotorcraft. Sentient will use our advanced tribology modeling technology to evaluate coatings and surface texturing processes for carbon face seals and provide a generalized modeling approach that can replace physical testing of seals. These models will be used to evaluate several rotorcraft seal designs proposed by our industry partner University of Akron to determine the real performance, durability and cost-benefit. During the project, these models will be validated with physical testing, resulting in advanced seal technology that is backed up by simulation and testing. Current seals are designed, manufactured and tested before fielding. Problems that arise in fielding often take years to manifest, meaning that retrofits and repairs are costly. Instead, Sentient will simulate the lifetime performance and durability of seals before manufacturing, thus reducing or eliminating problems that will arise later, leading to reduced maintenance cost and aircraft downtime.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Nicholas Garcia
A12-077      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:Selective Ammunition Feed System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a compact, lightweight, high-rate, selective ammunition feed system for machine guns and auto cannons, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Selective Ammunition Feed System (SAFS). SAFS combines the use of robust ammunition identification using existing ammo color coding, mature ammunition handling systems, and control electronics. This novel design will enable the SAFS to accurately and rapidly select the designated ammunition types and loaded them onto the aircraft’s ammo carriers. As a result, SAFS offers high-speed selection of five or more ammo types, real-time ammo inventory, health monitoring, weighs or = 2 to demonstrate the SAFS feasibility. In Phase II, we will continue the design of SAFS and fabricate a TRL > or = 4 prototype to demonstrate its key capabilities in a benchtop environment by using M848 dummy rounds painted with appropriate color-code bands to simulate other types of M230 ammo.

Systems and Materials Research Corporation
1300 West Koenig Lane Suite 230
Austin, TX 78756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 968-4750
Malcolm Prouty
A12-077      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:SmartMAG - Automated Self-Indexing Magazine and Rapid Selective Deployment System
Abstract:Future weapon system operators of attack vehicles will use advanced ammunition technology as a battlefield force multiplier providing improved lethality and tactical superiority against the enemy. This will be accomplished by employing a suite of tactical, "Smart" rounds with varying capabilities to carry out defeat of the enemy. The use of Smart rounds will result in the soldier's spending less time engaged in costly and potentially deadly fire exchanges with enemy forces. The last barrier to achieving this critical tactical integration is a "Smart-Feed" magazine and deployment system to first locate the system-selected round in a magazine, and then rapidly deploy the selected smart round to the feeder at the gun turret. SMRC proposes the SmartMAG, an automated self-indexing magazine and rapid selective deployment mechanism. With the press of a button in the cockpit, the SmartMAG locates the selected round, transfers the round to the linkless feed system, then rapidly deploys the round to the feeder at the gun turret - all within seconds. The SmartMAG system will consist of an Ammunition Control Unit coupled with a Red-Green-Blue color sensor, a standard magazine storage unit, and a sprocket transfer assembly based on the current magazine technology available.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Suite 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas Limbaugh
A12-078      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:Low Cost Cockpit head tracking and gestural recognition
Abstract:This proposal offers a solution for the development of a revolutionary new, low-cost, human machine interface for aviators. In this endeavor, Kutta and its partners design and develop an innovative concept that leverages commercial off the shelf (COTS) hardware and software. The well-structured applied research Work Plan overcomes some of the known issues with the Kinect and other COTS gaming technology for gesture recognition and head tracking with an equally innovative solution that leverages nano-technology. The resulting research yields an optimized product that takes advantage of as much COTS technology as possible to drive cost out of the resulting product. The product is a ubiquitous controller that can be utilized by pilots in the air, soldiers on the ground, and drivers in their automobiles to interact with machines through innovative gestures and head tracking technology. The Phase I work culminates in a demonstration of the product in a simulated cockpit and summary of the lessons learned through actual quantitative applied research. The Phase I option concludes with recommended methodologies and action plans on how to design, develop, test, and ruggedize the technology for transition into the Department of Defense aviation community.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr. Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 348-4426
Mike Browne
A12-078      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Low Cost Cockpit head tracking and gestural recognition
Abstract:Army pilots are presented with a wide variety of information from head down displays and sensor pods, and need to steer weapons and sensors based on head position. Current tracker systems are very expensive. New low cost head mounted displays (HMDs) require a low cost tracker. For all cockpits (and in the cargo/crew area) it would be very beneficial to have a way to sense gestures by pilots and crew members. This gestural control can aid the pilot, for example, by allowing them to control displays (panning, zooming and display selection) by using gestures while leaving their hands on, or near the controls. For crewmembers, a gesture recognition system can aid communications that are hard to do in a noisy environment, like the signaling between the loadmaster and the pilot in a heavy-lift helicopter. A low-cost head tracking and gesture recognition system would dramatically improve the interaction between pilots, crewman and the rotorcraft. Companies like Microsoft and ASUS have invested significantly in developing body and gesture tracking systems for Natural User Interfaces (NUIs). Leveraging this investment, SA Photonics proposes modifying an existing commercial tracking system for use in a rotorcraft cockpit and crew area.

FLEX FORCE ENTERPRISES LLC
1303 NW 24th Avenue
Portland, OR 97210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 502-1506
John Vance
A12-079      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:ASP Motion Base for Stabilized Mounts
Abstract:FlexFORCE proposes to evaluate modifications to the stabilization inner gimbal of its existing COTS naval stabilized weapon platform to jumpstart the development of an Aviation ASP. The proposed modifications would enable mounting the modified inner gimbal onto US Army airframes to stabilize, thus increasing the combat effectiveness, axially mounted airborne M3P machine guns.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0580
Curt Kothera
A12-079      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:ASP Motion Base for Stabilized Mounts
Abstract:Several military helicopters feature forward firing weapons, which have simple and reliable mounts, but require the pilot to precisely point the aircraft at an intended target. Depending on the combat environment, this can place a significant burden on the pilots and often results in lowered aiming accuracy and increased potential for collateral damage. There are existing technologies that have been proven to operate well for precision weapon pointing, but these gimbal systems are prohibitively heavy for forward firing weapon applications. As such, Techno-Sciences, Inc., in collaboration with the University of Maryland, proposes to develop a technology with small-deflection precision pointing and adaptive recoil capabilities to increase the precision of forward firing weapons. The pointing accuracy will be achieved with pneumatic artificial muscle actuators and the adaptive recoil will be achieved with magnetorheological fluid dampers. Building upon our extensive experience and related patent portfolio, we will perform analyses and detailed design work in Phase I of the project. Phase II will be focused on further refinements and integration into functional hardware capable of demonstrations.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Izenson
A12-080      Awarded: 10/3/2012
Title:Compact, Inexpensive, Microchannel Recuperators for Small Gas Turbines
Abstract:Small manned and unmanned aircraft need advanced propulsion technology to increase mission capabilities and improve reliability. We propose to develop an innovative recuperator technology that can significantly reduce fuel consumption for small gas turbines. Our microchannel recuperators are built using advanced manufacturing techniques that will enable a compact, inexpensive recuperator to significantly improve the performance of gas turbines and enable them to replace internal combustion engines in small aircraft. In Phase I we will work with a major supplier of UAVs to select the optimum application for the recuperated gas turbine. We will prove the feasibility of our approach by designing the recuperator, demonstrating the proposed fabrication approach, and analyzing flow, heat transfer, and structural integrity of the recuperator. We will assess the key design trade-offs, optimize the design, and estimate the manufacturing costs. In subsequent phases we will build prototype recuperators and demonstrate their performance in the laboratory and integrated with a gas turbine engine.

Micro Cooling Concepts, Inc.
7522 Slater Ave. Suite 122
Huntington Beach, CA 92647
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 227-9025
David Underwood
A12-080      Awarded: 10/17/2012
Title:Lightweight Recuperators for Small Turbine Engines
Abstract:Turbine engines can significantly reduce fuel consumption by using a recuperator to heat compressor discharge air with heat from combustion exhaust gases. This increased fuel efficiency is offset by the weight and pressure losses added by the recuperator, so these must be minimized, especially for small turbine engines. An extremely compact recuperator was previously built for the Rolls Royce Model 250-20B small turbine engine; in testing, this recuperator achieved a 70% effectiveness with hot- and cold-side pressure loss/pressure ratios of 3% at a core weight of less than 38 lbs. In the proposed effort this work will be extended to a higher power version of the Model 250 series, with a significant reduction in core weight/dissipated power via improved modeling, incorporation of lightweight materials, and improved core designs.

ALPHA STAR
5150 E. PACIFIC COAST HWY SUITE # 650
LONG BEACH, CA 90804
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 961-7827
GALIB ABUMERI
A12-081      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Analysis Tools for Composite Laminate Material Properties Prediction
Abstract:A composite software design tool kit is proposed to predict composite properties using micro-mechanics augmented lamination theory. The capability will overcome shortcomings of progressive failure models and will take into account translaminar and interlaminar failure mechanisms. Starting from lamina properties, strength will be predicted for laminates subjected to tension and compression loading. Generation of allowables using scatter in fiber and matrix material properties and fabrication defects will be carried out by use of probabilistic methods to avoid the testing of large amounts of specimens before there is adequate confidence in the material properties. Integration with finite element approach will be accomplished by synthesis of telescoping composite mechanics from fiber and matrix constituents to laminate level. A significant innovation will be the accounting for damage/micro-crack induced anisotropy of the composite matrix properties. Methods to characterize the material properties under strain rate effects will be included. A commercial composite material characterization software MCQ will be enhanced and integrated into commercial (explicit/implicit) FEM codes for structural scale-up. The capability will consider effect of defects (void shape, size, distribution, and fiber waviness) and will rely on a physics-based micro-mechanics approach to reverse-engineer effective fiber/matrix constituent properties using five ASTM ply in-plane tests as input.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2037
Eric Jayson
A12-081      Awarded: 11/15/2012
Title:Analysis Tools for Composite Laminate Material Properties Prediction
Abstract:ATA Engineering, Inc. proposes to advance the current state-of-the-art composite analysis techniques to predict laminate properties from limited ply-level material property data with an innovative approach to composite failure analysis. The Phase I effort will develop a stochastic approach to address strength-parameter variability, combined with a three-dimensional progressive failure model to properly capture out-of-plane strength and stiffness parameters. Along with variations in the material, environmental, and manufacturing variables, three- dimensional spatial variations will be introduced to accommodate variations in properties throughout a composite structure. The proposed progressive failure model will consider improved material property degradation models that better represent the physics during failure. Finally, advanced statistical sampling techniques will be employed to improve computational efficiency as compared to traditional random sampling methods.

Global Engineering Research and Technologies
2845 E. 2nd Street
Tucson, AZ 85716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 561-5724
Ali Boufelfel
A12-083      Awarded: 10/24/2012
Title:Residual Property Prediction for Damage Composite Structures
Abstract:During a component’s service life, damage due to high or low energy impact may be introduced, which may lead to premature failure of these structures. Component level structural testing and analysis of advanced composites is prohibitively expensive and time consuming. Instead, using robust and accurate computational tools complemented by experiments at key stages is a viable and cost-effective option. Currently, there is no analysis capability that can predict all possible failure modes concerning advanced composites because damage initiation and its progressive growth is very complex, and that commonly accepted methods, such as finite element method or smoothed-particle hydrodynamics, break down. However, damage prediction in peridynamic theory (PD) is more realistic than the methods utilizing the classical continuum theory since the PD considers material failure as a part of the material response without resorting to any external damage criterion. Therefore, the PD appears to be the best candidate for damage assessment in advanced composite structures. The goal of this proposed project is to develop a methodology for accurate prediction of damage due to blast and penetration events as well as low-energy impacts, and determination of the residual strength resulting from these events on advanced composite structures and components.

Materials Sciences Corporation
135 Rock Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Devlin Hayduke
A12-083      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:Residual Property Prediction for Damaged Composite Structures (MSC P 4091)
Abstract:Advanced composite material systems are vital to the development of lightweight, multi- functional Army missile systems. In addition to reducing the weight of the structure, these material systems provide the ability to expand the function of the structure by tailoring stiffness and strength characteristics for numerous applications. Carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy structures have become very attractive for applications such as solid rocket motor cases, missile airframes, missile guidance housings, as well as many launch tubes and launcher primary structures. The Weapons Development and Integration Directorate within AMRDEC have identified a need to understand the operational fitness of these types of structures following impact events for a wide range of energy levels. The overall objective of the proposed Phase I research program is to develop an analysis tool that allows designers to evaluate post impact residual strength of composite structures. A user element (UEL) subroutine for use with commercially available analysis codes, in particular an improved shell element that offers advantages in both the economy and reliability of computations, is proposed. This novel approach will link the UEL subroutine to a nonlinear material model to evaluate progressive damage of composite materials and a shear correction model that accurately predicts the transverse response of impacted composite structures.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
A12-083      Awarded: 11/15/2012
Title:Residual Property Prediction for Damage Composite Structures
Abstract:To address the U.S. Armys need to predict the residual strength of composite material laminates that have suffered impacts, Texas Research Institute Austin (TRI/Austin) will integrate a set of new failure criteria into composite material laminate analysis programs that model the damage created by low and high velocity impacts. The failure analysis criteria will be based on properties from limited lamina mechanical tests. The Phase I effort will demonstrate that the new failure criteria can successfully predict the residual strength of laminated plates that have been impacted. For low velocity impacts, the algorithm proposed in the Phase I effort will analytically predict the total delamination area on the specimen for a given impactor geometry, weight, and lamination sequence of the composite. The analysis process can be integrated in spreadsheets or finite element programs. These analysis programs will make the use of composite materials less expensive because the design effort will be reduced, a lower level of testing will be required, and designs will be more efficient - thereby reducing deployment costs. The algorithm developed in the proposed effort will allow a go/no go decision with respect to the suitability of an impacted laminated composite material plate.

Gleason Research Associates, Inc.
5030 Bradford Drive NW Building One, Suite 220
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 730-1400
Thomas J. Gleason
A12-084      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:Innovative Semi-Active Laser (SAL) Signal Processing Techniques in Noisy Environments
Abstract:This effort will focus on developing new SAL signal processing approaches and algorithms for pulse discrimination in dirty battlefields and active EOCM environments. This will be accomplished by identifying specific candidate approaches and algorithms, and evaluating them to select the most promising. Subsequent phases of this effort will design and prototype the selected algorithms and demonstrating their performance in the Armys Automated Laser Seeker Performance Evaluation System (ALSPES). Most existing US systems, notably the HELLFIRE missile, were developed in the 1970s and 1980s and were limited by technology available at that time. Those limitations determined approaches that were possible with regard to performance in dirty-battlefield environments and in dealing with active electro-optical countermeasures (EOCM). Recent changes in hardware to replace obsolete parts have significantly increased the processing capability of the HELLFIRE laser seeker and guidance unit, and new systems being developed are being designed from the beginning using the greatly-increased digital processing capability presently available. The possible improvements that GRA proposes to explore under this task are in areas such as: Adaptive Discrimination, Multi-Gate Discrimination, Improved Spot-Jump Algorithm, Improved Backscatter Rejection, Improved Resistance to Saturation or Overload of the Pulse Processing, and Improved Rejection of EOCM Pulses.

JRM Enterprises, Inc.
4820 Southpoint Drive, Suite 203
Fredericksburg, VA 22407
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 498-7770
Karl Leodler
A12-085      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Rapid Scene Creation for Multispectral Terrain Signature Models and Simulations
Abstract:JRM and DVC propose significant innovations around our powerful OSCRE architecture for rapid scene generation directly from raw terrain source data. OSCRE requires: high- resolution DEM data input, complete shape file/vector maps, and high-resolution satellite imagery. With these inputs, OSCRE supports OTF terrain tessellation/creation, 3D feature extrusion and model instantiation, material classification/physical property attribution, and credible physics-based multi-spectral sensor image generation. OSCRE applies physics- based irradiance, reflection, thermal, and atmospherics models to provide accurate, multispectral sensor simulation while rendering in real-time. OSCRE performs this entire process On-The-Fly, from loading the raw source data to producing high-fidelity, high dynamic range multispectral sensor imagery. This SBIR effort expands OSCRE’s architecture and develops innovative new algorithms to address cases where NGA and other terrain data-sources have “gaps”, like incomplete, low-resolution, or non-existent vector, feature, and elevation data. Such innovations will include fast photogrammetric algorithms for high-resolution DEM generation from stereo-pair imagery and/or Lidar/Ladar data; advanced, fast algorithms for feature extraction; rapid shape/vector-file generation; and advanced fast color-space clustering and PCA algorithms for image segmentation and material classification. The Phase I design and Phase II prototype will include a mechanism to generate rapid terrain/scene database output compatible with CSG and other multi- spectral sensor image rendering engines.

Signature Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 346
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3360
Marshall Weathersby
A12-085      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Rapid Scene Creation for Multispectral Terrain Signature Models and Simulations
Abstract:The Army as well as other branches of the Department of Defense (DoD) have made a substantial investment in synthetic scene generation for the development and testing of sensor and weapon systems. The synthetic scenes have been developed for programs concerning: 1) missile system and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) sensor system performance assessment; 2) pre-flight predictions to identify or correct issues prior to field testing; and 3) soldier training systems. The specific goal of our Phase I SBIR proposal is to begin a program of work that applies our specific expertise in high fidelity synthetic scene generation toward the design, development, and demonstration of a new system process and software tools for rapidly developing real world background databases that will be compatible with current and future Army simulation scene generation codes. These scene databases include high resolution terrain classification and topography maps, natural and manmade clutter discrete models, and a mapping of the location, size, and orientation of each discrete in the scene. In the Phase I effort we will deliver a comprehensive road map, algorithmic solutions, preliminary demonstration software modules, and scene construction performance metrics required for the dramatically reducing the time needed to create simulation scene databases.

Torch Technologies, Inc.
4035 Chris Drive Suite C
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6000
Jamie Burns
A12-085      Awarded: 10/24/2012
Title:Rapid Scene Creation for Multispectral Terrain Signature Models and Simulations
Abstract:Torch proposes the development of an efficient, high fidelity approach for the development of terrain models suitable for use in high fidelity electro-optical and infrared scene rendering applications and simulations. Torch will decrease developmental complexity and timelines through the development of characterization, artifact rectification, discrete and scene element development algorithms to achieve the efficient development of ground plane models, clutter classification models, models of discrete elements. Development will be in a two- fold manner. First, a Taylor series approach to algorithm development will be employed whereby most significant contributions are modeled with the greatest fidelity, while elements of lesser import receive less attention. Second, the algorithms will be developed for highly parallel execution in order to exploit implementation on modern computational hardware. This approach integrates directly with source data providers, directly into current thermal simulations and scene generators, while providing a path for increased fidelity and capability in these tools.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
410 Jan Davis Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 922-0802
Giuseppe D'Aguanno
A12-086      Awarded: 10/29/2012
Title:Flexible, Compact Acoustic Transducer Arrays
Abstract:The main limitations in the use of conventional sensor arrays for acoustic reconnaissance are its required size and its rigid structure. In order to overcome these limitations without compromising the array sensitivity, it is of crucial importance to develop new concepts and techniques allowing sound concentration in small areas, directivity values beyond the conventional limits related to the total array size, and a flexible configuration. The broad class of acoustic metamaterials (MMs) appears to be the perfect candidate to solve these problems. In this proposal, we pursue two approaches to obtain flexible, compact acoustic sensor arrays: 1) improve current transducers with the introduction of MM elements and 2) design innovative classes of acoustic MM sensor arrays with increased angular sensitivity. We investigate the possibility to realize ultrasensitive arrays of transducers by broadband funneling of acoustic waves using broadband MMs for nonresonant matching of acoustic waves and acoustic zero-density MM channels for funneling and large phase control. We also study MM ultracompact transducers with superdirective properties, bio-inspired nonlinear acoustic transducers and acoustic superresolving transducer arrays.

Interdisciplinary Consulting Corporation
5042 NW 57th Terrace
Gainesville, FL 32653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 391-5122
Tai Chen
A12-086      Awarded: 10/24/2012
Title:Flexible, Compact Acoustic Transducer Arrays
Abstract:The conventional approaches to acoustic arrays limit their usage in acoustic reconnaissance for Army applications due to large size and rigid packaging. An acoustic array on a flexible substrate and composed of microfabricated sensors provides a solution for applications where limited size and non-planar surfaces have prevented use of array-based solutions. The primary objective of this research is to develop microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)- based array technology for use in a flexible, conformal, compact acoustic array. Our proposed approach is to leverage recent advances in piezoelectric MEMS microphones, hybrid packaged with low-noise instrumentation amplifiers, mounted onto a flexible, conformal substrate and protected by a metamaterial-enhanced, flexible cover. The stated program goals necessitate an extensive feasibility study of the individual components to determine current readiness level, expectations for future performance and satisfaction of platform and system constraints.

Advanced Brain Monitoring
2237 Faraday Ave Suite 100
Carlsbad, CA 92008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 720-0099
Chris Berka
A12-087      Awarded: 11/15/2012
Title:Sensitive and Diagnostic Mental Workload Classifier
Abstract:We propose to develop a sensitive and selective workload classifier, called PHYSIOPRINT (Physiology and Performance Research Integration Tool), that will ultimately operate in real time on multiple physiological signals (EEG, EKG, EOG, EMG) acquired and processed by our wearable and wireless X24 system. The raw signals will be converted into input variables for the classifier using a suite of proprietary real-time algorithms that include noise reduction, spectral decomposition and topographic mapping of the EEG signals, extraction of event-related potentials, detection of eye blinks and fixations, calculation of heart rate and heart rate variability, detection of EMG bursts and tonic activity, calculation of respiratory rate and detection of the head/body position and movements. PHYSIOPRINT will be designed around the IMPRINT model of mental workload and will discriminate between seven workload types (visual, auditory, cognitive, speech, tactile, fine and gross motor). PHYSIOPRINT will also provide a measure of overall workload construed to account for potential conflicts between different types of workload. Phase I research, which will include analysis of a large database of physiological data acquired during military-relevant tasks and a pilot study in a driving simulator, will define the PHYSIOPRINT design concept and development approach for Phase II.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5244
Guangfan Zhang
A12-087      Awarded: 11/26/2012
Title:SMOLT: Sensitive Mental Workload Assessment Enhanced with Multi-Task Learning
Abstract:Mental workload is considered one of the most important contributors to human performance. In previous decades, considerable research has been conducted on workload assessment using different methods, such as subjective measurement and performance measurement. Recently, there is a trend to utilize physiological parameters, such as Electroencephalography (EEG) and Electrocardiography (ECG), for automatic objective workload assessment. Although significant progress has been made on physiological parameter based workload assessment, there are still a number of challenges to be addressed for automated workload assessment, two of which are: workload assessment in multiple dimensions (such as visual and cognitive) and high performance assessment. In this research, we propose a SMOLT software tool (sensitive mental workload enhanced with multi-task learning) for multidimensional workload assessment. SMOLT is innovative to build a multi-dimensional workload assessment model by incorporating advanced Multi-Task Learning (MTL) theory and multimodal deep learning, which is unique to model the relatedness among the output tasks (workload in different dimensions) and among input signals (multimodal deep learning for better feature representations). The proposed SMOLT is built on a significant amount of researches by our team to cognitive state assessment. We will incorporate the existing algorithms into SMOLT software and enhance the workload assessment in multi-dimensions.

Phoenix Nuclear Labs LLC
2555 Industrial Drive
Monona, WI 53713
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 210-3061
Ross Radel
A12-088      Awarded: 3/25/2013
Title:Alternative Source for Neutron Generation
Abstract:Phoenix Nuclear Labs (PNL) will perform a comprehensive analysis of all existing and proposed neutron generator technologies that do not utilize highly enriched fissile material. These technologies include the flux compression generator, dense plasma focus, high current deuterium-tritium fusion, and high current electrons incident upon uranium-238. Other technologies will also be identified and evaluated. The best technology will be selected based on its ability to meet the neutron and gamma flux requirements specified by the Army for nuclear survivability testing, and its cost, reliability, regulatory, operational, and security requirements. A conceptual prototype design will be produced in Phase I, and the system will be built and tested at PNL during Phase II. The prototype device will go to WSMR and will produce a burst flux of 6.5x10^13 n/cm^2 during a time scale of microseconds. It will also have a steady state operational mode equivalent to 8 kW operation of the WSMR FBR. The prototype device will not utilize highly enriched fissile material and will greatly reduce the cost and security burden to the Army for nuclear survivability testing. It is anticipated that a functional prototype can be delivered to the Army by the end of 2015.

TechSource, Inc.
1475 Central Ave, Ste 250
Los Alamos, NM 87544
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 988-1726
Charlene Cappiello
A12-088      Awarded: 3/25/2013
Title:Alternative Source for Neutron Generation
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase 1 proposal requests $100,000 support for TechSource to identify and document feasible technology options to replace the White Sands Fast Burst Reactor (FBR); reference Army Topic Number A12-088, Alternative Source for Neutron Generation. The U.S. Army requires a neutron generator to replace the FBR highly enriched uranium (HEU) based technology with a Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) technology that produces a radiation environment for nuclear survivability testing while reducing life-cycle costs, and increasing reliability and availability requirements. There is no obvious, low risk, economical approach to a HEU to LEU transition. TechSource will analyze the extensive body of knowledge in this area. We then will apply innovations to existing technologies and extend national lab research of critical experiments facilities, conversion of HEU reactors to LEU reactors, and application of accelerator technologies to enhance neutron environments. Our principal investigator (Ms. Charlene Cappiello) has recent, relevant, and firsthand knowledge and experience in radiation testing and experimentation environments. Our subject matter experts also have the firsthand, related science and technology knowledge experience needed to efficiently produce the most comprehensive analysis of what is feasible and provide the data for the required program and business case decision.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 651-6756
James T. Murray
A12-089      Awarded: 12/21/2012
Title:Free-Space Optical Communications: Light Detection and Ranging Enhanced Data Delivery
Abstract:Airborne lidar has proven to be a highly valuable asset for gathering high quality geospatial intelligence information. Advanced lidar systems collect and process full waveform returns for each emitted laser pulse. Full lidar waveform data can be exploited to see through obscurants (e.g. dust, clouds, rain, snow, fog, and smoke), foliage, ocean water, etc, which enables systems to map areas under degraded visual environments; detects objects and land features under forested areas or camouflage; or detect mines and other object under sea water. These systems generate extreme volume of data that is traditionally stored, post processed, and later distributed through a processing exploitation dissemination (PED) chain. This process can take days to weeks to deliver to the warfighter, which limits its usefulness for tactical operations. A potential solution to improving the PED timeline is to utilize the on-board lidar transceiver as a high bandwidth free-space optical communications link to transmit the data to a remote ground station receiver. Aret Associates and LGS Innovations have partnered on this program to develop and demonstrate a Co-use Lidar Optical Communication System (CLOCS) designed to operate within the current Army framework of unmanned aerial systems (UAS). Aret Associates and LGS Innovations are best-in-class providers of advanced airborne lidar and free-space optical communications, respectively. Aret and LGS will leverage decades of development and > $100M CRAD investment to demonstrate full system performance by the end of Phase-II.

Bridger Photonics, Inc
2310 University Way, Bldg 4-4
Bozeman, MT 59715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 585-2774
Randy Reibel
A12-089      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Dual-Mode Continuous-Wave Ladar and Optical Communications System
Abstract:Because the data products generated by modern imaging ladar systems are inherently large in information content, there is currently a severe bottleneck in the communications of these products to end users, particularly when full-waveform recovery is desired. Bridger Photonics Inc. proposes to develop a dual-mode laser system capable of performing laser radar imaging as well as high speed free-space optical communications using the same laser source. The system will capitalize on Bridgers existing ladar technology that can provide, when needed, foliage penetration, Doppler signatures, very high dynamic range, and the highest range resolution available. Bridger will demonstrate that their system architecture is ideally positioned to seamlessly integrate high-speed free-space optical communications as an additional and potentially simultaneous mode of operation without significant alterations to Bridgers existing system components. To do so, Bridger plans to determine the subsystem design for the free-space optical communication system and model the anticipated system performance. Critical hardware demonstrations will be performed that will highlight the dual-mode operation. Finally, a preliminary Phase II design will be downselected and its costs, performance and feasibility will be determined. A Phase I option will enhance this prototype design to enable a smooth transition to a potential Phase II effort.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Jason D. Schmidt
A12-089      Awarded: 11/26/2012
Title:Free-Space Optical Communications: Light Detection and Ranging Enhanced Data Delivery
Abstract:Over the past few years, lidar programs have collected 3-D imagery enabling unprecendented views of the battlefield. Unfortunately, lidar systems collect such large volumes of data that it is not available in real time. This SBIR Phase I proposal suggests a research program to design low-SWaP free-space optical communication (FSOC) system to download lidar data to a ground station at high data rates. The proposal begins with analysis of the atmospheric path and system requirements including the effects of turbulence. It continues with scaled laboratory experiments and studies of pre-processing and formatting. Finally, a concrete design for an objective FSOC system is offered.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2509
Blaine Butler
A12-090      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Encapsulation Technology for Increased Environmental Stability of Vertebrate Cells
Abstract:Luna Innovations is developing stabilization technology for increased long-term storage of various biological moieties (e.g. enzymes, nucleic acids, and whole cells). This unique stabilization matrix allows for extended cell viability lifetime, minimizing cell maintenancerequirements while retaining physiological activity. The proposed encapsulated cell technology will provide significant improvements in cell lifetime, operational stability, with decreased maintenance requirements, and is easily integrated into a variety of sensing based platforms allowing for optical and/or electrical reporting metrics. During Phase I Luna will demonstrate stable long-term cell viability with enhanced environmental stability for a variety of cell lines (including mammalian cells) for a minimum of 8 weeks while still retaining physiological cellular activity. Phase II will focus on extending the cell viability and function to a minimum of 6 months for an increased variety of cell types while also working to integrate the stabilization technology into a microfluidic chip for incorporation into the SafePort water analysis system.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A12-090      Awarded: 11/5/2012
Title:Vertebrate Cell Preservation Technique
Abstract:To address the U.S. Army need for new methods and/or materials to allow long-term storage of vertebrate cells under ambient conditions for use in portable cell-based toxicity sensors, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Vertebrate Cell Storage (VerCeS) technology based on a novel formulation for vertebrate cell lyophilization. The key component of the VerCeS modality is a novel formulation and freeze-drying process to preserve the structure and functionality of the lyophilized cells. The innovations in the VerCeS method will sustain cells for a minimum of 3 months under ambient conditions with storage temperatures up to 40 deg C. Also, VerCeS will provide a high level of readiness, which will be achieved by rapid rehydration/reconstitution of the freeze-dried cells. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the VerCeS concept by developing a prototype that will meet the Armys performance metrics. In Phase II, POC plans to expand on the Phase I proof of concept work to demonstrate extended cell viability and functioning for six months with greater than 90% viability and cells ready to use in 60 min or less with minimal operational steps under the performance parameters described in Phase I.

Neodynetics Corporation
5621 Burlingame Ave.
Buena Park, CA 90621
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 324-1964
Weixing Lu
A12-091      Awarded: 2/14/2013
Title:Field Portable System for Measuring Chlorinated Organic Solvents in Water
Abstract:We propose to demonstrate proof of concept and feasibility for our design for a new class of field portable sensor devices capable of rapidly detecting, measuring and classifying Chlorinated Organic Solvents (COS) in environmental waters. The proposed sensor technology is based on an innovative adaptation of surface enhanced Ramon spectroscopy that greatly increases the Raman signal strength and the sensors detection capability. A sensor with the proposed level of performance could accurately identify and quantify COS in water samples in real-time by collecting molecular conformation structures and related spectrum profile information as chemical fingerprints. The sensor system would be designed as a light-weight field portable unit capable of rapidly providing the needed quantitative measurements of COS such as trichloroethylene (TCE), dichloromethane, etc. Successful development will lead to increased COS detection speed and accuracy, greatly surpassing current approaches. The proposed project will also lead to key advances in Raman spectroscopy that can support many other valuable government and commercial products addressing a wide range of military, police, homeland security, medical and environmental sensor applications.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Chung-Yen Chao
A12-091      Awarded: 12/12/2012
Title:Microfluidics-Based Organic Compounds Analysis Device
Abstract:Detecting chlorinated organic compounds in contaminated ground water is an ongoing concern due to their known toxic and carcinogenic effects. To address the Armys need for a field-portable test to detect and quantify chlorinated organic compounds in water samples, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel Microfluidics-Based Organic Compounds Analysis (MOCA) device based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and microfluidics. The novel device design provides compound pre- concentration, significant Raman enhancement, and microfluidics compatibility, enabling sub-ppb limit of detection (LOD), <15-min analysis time from sample collection to results, and applicability to detect other chemicals. The MOCA device requires no sample preparation and can be transitioned to a glass microfluidic chip-based design for the SafePortTM system. Additionally, the robust construction of the sensing microfluidic chip and reliable optical detection approach facilitates long shelf life. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the MOCA device by fabricating the SERS substrate and microfluidic chip and testing compound detection. In Phase II, a fully optimized MOCA device will be developed with specifications of weight, footprint, LOD, sensitivity, selectivity, interferant effects, response time, and environmental impact. The Phase II MOCA technology will meet the Army requirements and be ready for onsite evaluation.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4506
Ben Beck
A12-093      Awarded: 3/25/2013
Title:Application of Biopolymer for Soil Revegetation and Stabilization
Abstract:Military training activities often result in environmental degradation due to creation of heavily disturbed soil areas including dirt road beds, vehicular training areas, tank trails, terrain subject to wildfires, artillery impact areas, helipads and dirt landing areas for aircraft. These areas are currently resistant to revegetation efforts and are also susceptible to sediment loss through water erosion and the generation of dust through wind erosion. Traditional revegetation and dust reduction processes requires application of a moisture retention agent, typically a petroleum-derived polymer. Surface applied fertilization provides temporary vegetative growth but often leads to nutrient transport to and utrophication of surface waters, while petrochemical products most often used as soil additives are known to leach carcinogenic monomers. Luna Innovations, in collaboration with Virginia Tech, has developed a comprehensive system for the treatment of disturbed soils with a versatile bio- based formulation for revegetation and soil stabilization. This green system will take advantage of the Armys Rhizobium tropici biopolymers unique properties and combine them with a cost effective and efficient treatment and delivery method. Lunas technology will be compatible with conventional loosening and hydroseeding equipment, and will eliminate the use of all petroleum-based additives in the formulation.

Materials Modification Inc
2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 560-1371
Krishnaswamy K Rangan
A12-093      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:Polymeric Biocomposite for Revegetation of Soil
Abstract:Defense training activities can result in reduction of vegetation cover, disturbance of soil surface and crusts, and degradation of soil aggregates, making the land more vulnerable to wind erosion. Currently, petro-polymers are being extensively studied for soil stabilization and remediation. These polymers are expensive and possibly dangerous to health and the environment. Biopolymers are promising in this regard as they not only can stabilize the soil, but also degrade into benign products, that beyond not harming the environment, may actually add to nutrients in the soil, thus hastening vegetation. MMI will develop a biopolymer biofiber composite that will not only stabilize the soil, but also act as a substrate for simultaneous revegetation. Phase I studies will focus on providing preliminary (proof-of-concept) data for methods of biopolymer/seed delivery based hydroseeding. It will be proven that the composite will prevent sediment transport in runoff water, bind soil well, preventing dust emissions, and enable rapid growth of grass cover. Based on the results of the preliminary testing and the application design schemes, Phase II will focus on pilot-scale test for application and evaluation of biopolymer for rapid re- vegetation of heavily disturbed soils in areas where soil disturbances contribute significantly topsoil loss, excessive dust emissions, and/or reduced soil fertility. This will be followed by technology transfer for large-scale field use.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jerry Bieszczad
A12-094      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Physics-Based, High Resolution Soil Strength Prediction
Abstract:Effective Army-scale mobility predictions in austere environments require knowledge of soil strength conditions at high spatial resolution (100 m or less). The Armys knowledge of the battlespace is greatly hindered because available weather-scale near-surface soil moisture data, a primary indicator of soil strength, is limited by its coarse spatial resolution (1-25 km). Moreover, there are no adequate methods currently available to bridge the gap between such weather-scale soil moisture data and sparse, highly localized point data (e.g., field measurements from local weather stations). Under this effort, Creare proposes to address this critical Army need by defining, developing, and evaluating innovative downscaling and upscaling algorithms for soil moisture and soil strength prediction embedded in a modular, extensible software framework. The resulting algorithms will provide the Army with accurate estimates of near-surface soil moisture and soil strength by integrating information from disparate data sources, including low resolution weather-scale predictions; localized, sparse point measurements; and other available data that correlate with soil moisture such as elevation, slope, vegetation, and soil type.

Riverside Technology, inc.
2950 East Harmony Road Suite 390
Fort Collins, CO 80528
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 484-7573
Tim Martin
A12-094      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Downscaling Techniques for Ground State Information
Abstract:Reliable knowledge of soil moisture is required for numerous Army and civilian applications including mobility assessments, flood forecasting, agricultural management, erosion mitigation, and control of vector-borne diseases. Soil moisture cannot be measured at the resolution that is required for these purposes (approx. 30 m grid cells), so a simple but accurate downscaling tool is needed. The purpose of this SBIR project is to develop a commercially-viable downscaling tool with flexible data inputs. The foundation for the proposed tool is the Equilibrium Moisture from Topography modeling framework, which estimates soil moisture from high-resolution topographic data. This approach is simple and relies on universally available data. It is also broad enough to accept additional data inputs if desired by users. In the project, the methodology will be generalized to accept more diverse information, it will be implemented in software that meets the needs of targeted customers, and it will be commercialized in a sustainable manner.

METSS Corporation
300 Westdale Avenue
Westerville, OH 43082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 797-2200
Kenneth Heater
A12-095      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Improved Solar Shade (ISS) with Enhanced Durability and Performance
Abstract:Solar shading is used by the military in many different field applications as a cost effective approach to reduce fuel consumption for climate control in expeditionary shelters. These relatively simple, low cost shades offer one of the most significant energy saving solutions for expeditionary shelters in warm climates, providing greater than 70% solar block capability and an air gap (convective cooling) between the shade and the covered object which greatly lowers the effects of solar heating. However, due to the harsh service and environmental conditions, the current solar shade systems lack durability and typically only last through about one year of service. Therefore, a new solar shade material is desired that is still lightweight with the same or improved solar shading and energy saving potential, yet be more durable so the service life can extended to at least four years. METSS will address this challenge under the proposed program by modifying the textile design and improving the environmental resistance of the materials used in the solar shade construction to develop improved solar shade material that are more durable and capable of withstanding the harsh physical and environmental conditions to which these structures are exposed.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0673
Murat Yasar
A12-095      Awarded: 10/15/2012
Title:Plasmonic nanowire solar shades
Abstract:Solar shading is a cost-effective solution in expeditionary shelters for reducing fuel consumption for climate control. Current solar shades are known to typically fail by fabric tearing in the degraded material after one year of use. This short service life is dramatically less than that of shelters, supplies, and equipment that the shade is expected to cover. The proposed work is to develop a next generation multifunctional shade material with enhanced durability and other advantageous attributes. The proposed shade material consists of plasmonic nanowires dispersed in a polymer that offers enhanced elastic modulus and strength, and superior solar blockage.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr. 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4849
Xianlian Zhou
A12-096      Awarded: 10/15/2012
Title:Whole-body Anthropometric Design Models for Protective Equipment Design
Abstract:The overall objective of this work is to develop whole-body anthropometric models (containing both skin and interior anatomy) to cover individual body shape variations in the design of protective equipment as well as to identify critical fit and form issues and their associated impacts. Starting from a Template Body Model with Interior Anatomy (TBMIA), this work aims to develop automated algorithms to match this template model to 3D body scans from existing anthropometric database. The expected outcomes of this Phase I effort include a set of high-quality whole-body anthropometric design models and a prototype graphic user interface (GUI) which enables users to adjust the posture and anthropometric parameters of these models on the fly. In the Phase I, we will demonstrate the usage of these anthropometric models for penetration injury estimation with a fast shot-line penetration model capable of predicting projectile estimated kinetic energy and permanent cavity. In the Phase II, the developed software tools will be utilized to generate anthropometric models from the newest ANSUR II anthropometry database to represent the Soldier population. Model verification and validation, software optimization, and interface development and integration with other existing DoD combat simulation and/or causality prediction tools will also be conducted.

Technology Solutions Experts Inc.
209 West Central Street Suite 300
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-2232
Medhat Korna
A12-096      Awarded: 9/28/2012
Title:Anthropometric Casualty Estimation Methodologies
Abstract:The design of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for force protection is critical for Soldier survivability and effectiveness for a range of combat operations. Supporting Army technology priorities for force protection, Technology Solutions Experts, Inc. (TSE) proposes to research, develop, and demonstrate new approaches for analyzing fit and form of PPE, specifically body armor systems, to better account for a range of individual body shape differences and enhance Soldier protection. TSE’s approach will leverage high- resolution digital 3D scans collected of active duty Soldiers, and build on existing Army models to provide improved analysis capabilities to Army scientists and engineers engaged in the design of current and future PPE systems. In Phase I, TSE will perform a needs assessment, develop a methodology to study PPE fit and form, identify potential technological solutions and integration into existing systems, demonstrate a proof of concept to establish soundness of the approach, and deliver a report detailing the proposed design, rationale for design choices, tradeoffs, and further areas of study.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Nick Booth
A12-097      Awarded: 10/26/2012
Title:Non-invasive Detection System for Assessment of Oxidative Status
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an innovative concept for non-invasive, compact, robust monitoring system to monitor the oxidative status of military personnel, ChromoLogic (CL) proposes to develop the OCular Oxidative Stress Monitor (OCOSMO) technology based on non-invasive optical measurements of oxidative stress biomarkers that occur within the aqueous humor. The unique scientific expertise of ChromoLogic scientists and collaborators will result in an innovative system that is objective, compact and intuitive to use. In Phase I CL will demonstrate the feasibility of the OCOSMO technology by fabricating a prototype device to demonstrate the concept of Raman spectroscopic monitoring of biomarkers up-regulated in response to oxidative stress within the aqueous. In Phase II, CL plans to develop the OCOSMO device and perform clinical validation of the method.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Jinseong Kim
A12-097      Awarded: 10/15/2012
Title:Detection of Urinary Biomarkers for Assessment of Oxidative Status
Abstract:Reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (RONS) produced in the muscle by strenuous physical exertion has been correlated with degradation of muscle force output, fatigue, and muscle soreness. When the production of RONS in the body exceeds the body’s innate ability to neutralize them, oxidative stress occurs, compromising physiological function due to cellular damage. Low-level RONS production that occurs during exercise contribute to beneficial muscle adaptations by inducing up-regulation of antioxidant enzymes. Excessive consumption of dietary/supplemental antioxidants has been shown in animal and human models to negatively impact muscle adaptation to exercise and aerobic performance. Hence, it is important to maintain beneficial levels of RONS, so as not to compromise war-fighter adaptation to initial military training, and reduce combat effectiveness. A non-invasive detection system is required to assess/discern the changes of oxidative status before and after dietary intervention and physical performance in healthy and recovering war-fighters. Lynntech proposes to develop a non-invasive, portable, robust detection system for assessment of oxidative stress using innovative immunoassay platform technology. During the Phase I project Lynntech will establish the feasibility of the detection system for the identification and quantification of oxidative stress biomarkers present in urine samples.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Naibing Ma
A12-098      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Multilayered and Arrayed Fiber Optic Sensor Suite
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a multifunctional integrated drive system sensor to monitor rotorcraft drive system health, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Multilayered and Arrayed Fiber Optic Sensor Suite (MAFOSS) system. It is based on integration of multiple types of fiber optic sensors arrayed on a single MEMS chip, coated with p-SiAlCN. The innovations in a new fiber optic MEMS sensor design, novel hard coating on the MEMS, and new model-based prognostic software design, will enable the MAFOSS to reliably monitor rotorcraft drive system health. Therefore, this system offers small size, light weight, fault tolerance, and capability to survive harsh aviation environments. In Phase I we will develop the MAFOSS system design and determine its feasibility through modeling, simulation, and development of a proof-of-concept prototype for bench testing; select a representative drive system component for sensor suite design and lab testing, and address usage and diagnostics models. We will also define an aircraft-level architecture and a roadmap for implementation, and address integration with existing aircraft health and usage monitoring systems (HUMSs). In Phase II, we will develop and test a fully functional MAFOSS system and multiple sensors at locations covering the entire aircraft drive system.

Sentient Corporation
850 Energy Drive Suite 307
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 838-9217
Kevin Line
A12-098      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Multi-functional Integrated Drive System Sensor(MIDSS) for Rotorcraft
Abstract:Sentient will be developing a Smart DigitalClone Sensor for application to rotorcraft drivetrains and other rotating components on high value systems. This technology is enabled by our DigitalClone Ground Truth model, developed through Navy and Army SBIR funding and validated with multiple OEM partners. This technology predicts the behavior of the drivetrain from physics based model and merges this behavior prediction with vibration, load and torque measured at a limited location in the drivetrain. The predicted signal will be compared to the detected signal to detect and confirm the fault severity and location. Through this use of “smart filtering” specific faults will be identified earlier through using data under a wide range of operating conditions and the “smart filter” will ensure detection is false alarm free.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-8963
Andrew Thies
A12-099      Awarded: 10/15/2012
Title:Air-to-Air Targeting Algorithms for Turreted Gun Systems
Abstract:Continuing development of airborne threats has increased risk for military rotorcraft. Development of air to air targeting algorithms for a stabilized turreted gun systems has not kept pace with technology and improvements are needed to be effective against aerial systems. Military helicopters use machine guns as offensive and defensive weapons against air and ground targets. However, they have challenges in targeting airborne targets where the target is moving rapidly in three directions. Targeting errors have many sources such as tracking errors, winds, turret pointing errors. New air to air targeting algorithm approaches need to account for errors such as these to increase the accuracy. We propose the development of air-to-air targeting algorithms for a turreted gun systems such as are found on the AH-64D helicopter to achieve air-to-air accuracies equivalent to current air-to- ground accuracies with graceful degradation as error increase.

TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6840
Bruce Xu
A12-099      Awarded: 10/26/2012
Title:Air-to-Air Targeting Algorithms for Turreted Gun Systems
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing novel air-to-air targeting algorithms that address many existing challenges based on state-of-the-art model- based engineering technologies. The concept being proposed is to use a software-based Targeting Algorithm Test Bed that supports plug-and-play tests of different targeting algorithms and effects, and automatically generates and/or optimizes air-to-air targeting algorithms through combining with model-based optimization and simulated annealing. The Test Bed to be developed under this project contains a first-principles model that describes the fundamental physics of air-to-air targeting under ideal circumstances; adaptive data processing algorithms that result in better information acquisition; data filters that remove unwanted random errors; an accurate target-tracking algorithm that tracks and predicts the target location; a CFD model that simulates the aerodynamics effects to bullets; a surrogate model that mimics the CFD model to reduce computational time; a control system that manages, commands, and directs the behaviors of all devices in the targeting system. The software will combine ideas from object-oriented programming and hybrid simulation, and has an “open” architecture, which makes it easy to integrate with other software. It will be ideal for developing highly modular air-to-air targeting simulation software that meets the JMR requirements.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 468-0586
Charles P DePlachett
A12-100      Awarded: 3/11/2013
Title:3 kW Lightweight Efficient Generator
Abstract:Soldiers are very dependent on electrical power for laptops, radios, handheld devices, smart phones, ISR platforms and weapon systems. Existing generators are heavier and lack compatibility with readily available fuels. They must operate reliably across a wide range of environmental conditions. A lightweight, robust generator with multi-fuel compatibility would increase flexibility for the soldier and the unit, and it would reduce the logistical footprint. A more compact, efficient unit would enhance portability by soldiers and reduce fuel costs across the inventory. The focus of this SBIR is to design, develop and demonstrate a compact, lightweight and efficient multi-fueled, 3 kW power unit. The proposed generator system will be based on a very compact and efficient recuperated turbogenerator design with advanced controls and electronics. The turbogenerator will output a continuous 3 kW power at 1,000 feet and 107 degrees F. In addition, it will weigh significantly less than fielded units, run on a variety of fuels (JP8, diesel, and gasoline), generate reduced noise signature, have reduced maintenance, and offer extended life. The resulting system will provide a reliable power source to soldiers while enhancing portability and reduce fuel costs across the inventory.

NOVATIO Engineering, Inc
9 A St
Belmont, MA 02478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 335-4660
Jason Targoff
A12-100      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:3 kW Lightweight Efficient Generator
Abstract:At NOVATIO Engineering, our solution to this problem is practical and novel (and proven at a smaller scale): conversion of a lightweight gasoline generator to operate with diesel fuel or JP-8 in spark ignition mode. During the past year, with the help of CERDEC funding, Novatio has developed and demonstrated a JP-8/DF-2-fueled 900W prototype based on the EU1000i inverter gen-set. In the Novatio prototype, diesel or JP-8 fuel is aerosolized into very fine droplets (<1 micron), thus enabling pre-mixing of fuel and air that is required for operation in spark ignited mode. The enabling technology is patented low cost, compact and efficient means to produce an on-demand aerosolized stream of fuel ready for mixing with air for Otto cycle operation and that can readily be scaled up to the 3 kW size range.

Energetic Materials & Products, Inc.
1413 Brandi Lane
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 380-1992
Dennis Wilson
A12-101      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Nonlethal Warhead for Miniature Organic Precision Munitions
Abstract:Our proposal describes a multi-functional, non-lethal (NL) warhead for miniature organic precision munitions, which combines: kinetic, blast, flash, dazzle and chemical effects in a single warhead designed to provide incapacitating effects out to 4.25m. The first innovation involves high-density, micro-spheres to deliver less-than-lethal but incapacitating effects to personnel at an extended range. Small, NL warheads with large (~10mm), rubber balls have a low probability of hit and low velocity due to drag at extended range, thus a low probability of incapacitation. Small NL warhead with small (~ 1mm), high-density, micro-spheres, e.g. steel balls have a high areal density and velocity, thus a hit probability of hit and incapacitation. The second innovation is EMPIs novel reactive multi-phase blast compositions, which allows for extended blast and flash effects. In order to maximize the effectiveness, the case will be composed of reactive metal particles in an epoxy, which converts to ultra-fine reacting particles for additional flash without producing any lethal fragments. Finally, our concept is based on a HOB fuze to focus the NL effects in a conical, downward pattern while sending the platform fragments outward and rearward. EMPIs NL warhead will be compatible with ATKs SOPM warhead. ATK personnel provide technical oversight.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Paul Shnitser
A12-101      Awarded: 4/4/2013
Title:Malodorous Non-Lethal Grenade
Abstract:To address the Army need for a non-lethal warhead for use on miniature organic precision munitions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Malodorous Non- Lethal Grenade (MNLG) optimized for use on miniature munitions. This proposed grenade is based on a new design that utilizes both government developed and POC developed and tested components. The innovation in the grenade design and its delivery to the target will enable the accuracy and effective incapacitation of enemy personnel while assuring non- lethality and low probability of collateral damages. The grenade design satisfies stringent requirements on the size and weight of the non-lethal warhead as well as on manufacturing the warhead at low cost, thus directly addressing the Army requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed grenade design and its capability of interfacing with munitions systems. In Phase II, POC will demonstrate and test the breadboard warhead prototype and prepare it for the flight test in Phase III.

Busek Co. Inc.
11 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-5565
Eric Ehrbar
A12-102      Awarded: 11/1/2012
Title:Autonomously Adaptable Wireless Power Charging System
Abstract:A need exists within the Nett Warrior program to wirelessly charge soldier mounted electronic devices. Currently soldiers either carry extra batteries or dismount their electronics and deal with the logistics of a variety of cords to charge their electronic devices. Current wireless inductive chargers suffer from range limitations, and require complex control electronics to properly couple the transmitter and receiver devices. Busek has developed an autonomously adaptable wireless power charging circuit. Its design allows the fundamental oscillating frequency to be almost completely determined by the load. This means what was previously accomplished in active control software is realized by the nature of the circuit itself. The advantage of load determined resonance is the inherent ability for the circuit to deliver maximum power without actively tuning the operating frequency for maximum coupling. In Phase I the self-tuning wireless charging circuit will be developed. This circuit will be analyzed and adapted for use as a transmitter. Its performance will be evaluated and analyzed when coupled to single and multiple loads. The safety and performance of the circuitry via 3-D electromagnetic simulations will be evaluated. The goal is to ensure electric and magnetic field strengths remain within safe exposure limits while providing suitable efficiency.

InnoSys
2900 South Main Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84115
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 975-7399
Larry Sadwick
A12-102      Awarded: 10/29/2012
Title:Cordless Battery Charging
Abstract:Today’s warfighter and NETT Warrior are reliant on small battery operated devices for communication, information systems, enemy detection, and battlefield management. These devices must be recharged on a regular basis to ensure sustained operation. Current charging technologies require the device to be plugged into a charging station via a wired connection. This wired power connection requirement decreases the battlefield flexibility due to limited number of units that can be charged at one time. The Nett Warrior uses a battery to power various Soldier-worn components. Space limitations and the dynamic nature of the battlefield suggests that carrying extra batteries and chargers will adversely impact the Soldier's mobility and readiness while transported by a ground vehicle. Cordless battery charging technology could have a dramatic impact on the portable electronic devices being used on the modern battlefield. This cordless technology could be harnessed in several applications to ease the logistical footprint and increase the flexibility of the devices. The goal should allow the operations served by the wireless battery charging system to stay and go wherever needed. We aim to achieve and implement a design that will support smart and intelligent and highly efficient cordless/wireless battery charging at a range of 2 feet.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 413-0290
Robert DiMarco
A12-103      Awarded: 5/21/2013
Title:Arete Active Downrange Crosswind Sensor for Small Arms Fire Control
Abstract:Arete Associates proposes to develop a stand-alone active crosswind sensor operating at the eye safe wavelength of 1.5 microns. The sensor is based on a novel design using a single beam, and a single-channel under-resolved receiver. The error on the crosswind measurement will be less than 1.5 m/s for winds from 0 to 20 m/s, up to a range of 1.5 km. The sensor system will meet the objective SWaP requirements listed in the solicitation, which will make it suitable for day/night one-man operation.

nVision Technology, Inc.
2769 Pinegate Drive
Norton, OH 44203
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 254-4668
Nick Vitalbo
A12-103      Awarded: 7/11/2013
Title:Downrange Crosswind Sensor for Small Arms Fire Control
Abstract:Based upon nVision Technology employee's experience developing the DARPA One Shot system and the VALR wind measurement system through another DoD customer, nVision Technology proposes using scintillation-based wind measurement techniques for both passive wind measurement as well as pseudo-profiling along the entire range from the shooter to the target. By modifying existing hardware nVision can quickly adapt the system to perform passive measurements as well as provide a level of wind profiling that will increase the probability of hit on target.

---------- NAVY ----------

127 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Composite Technology Development, Inc.
2600 Campus Drive, Suite D
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 664-0394
Andrea Haight
N122-107      Awarded: 10/9/2012
Title:Benzoxazine Matrix Composite Bearing Materials for Arresting Gear Components
Abstract:Carrier aviation is dependent on the ability to recover aircraft expeditiously and safely aboard ship. The system that arrests the aircraft, the Arresting Gear system, utilizes slippers or bearing materials between moving components. The Arresting Gear system on Navy carrier aircraft utilizes slippers or bearing materials between moving components. These materials bear the weight of the various arresting gear components and function as the sliding medium between components to allow free movement during arrestments. The current slipper material is a cotton-fabric reinforced graphite phenolic-based composite material. A major shortcoming of this material is its swelling when exposed to ethylene glycol, which causes clearance issues in the operating equipment. As a result, replacement is often required outside of scheduled maintenance, which is undesirable due to the labor-intensive nature of some of these replacements. Consequently, the Navy is seeking a new slipper material that would maintain dimensional stability throughout its lifetime, and have low wear rates compared to the existing material. It is desired for the slippers to have a life of 20,000 arrestments, with no shelf life limitations. Improving the life of the slippers will result in labor savings and greater equipment availability. During the Phase I program, Composite Technology Development (CTD) will develop a new composite bearing material comprised of either glass or carbon reinforcing fibers and a benzoxazine resin chemistry in place of the current phenolic resin to replace the current cotton/phenolic composite bearing material. Nano-scale additives such as clays, silica, silicon carbide, and carbon will also be incorporated to improve the wear resistance and friction characteristics of the resulting composites.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Brad Rix
N122-107      Awarded: 10/9/2012
Title:Improved Bearing Material for Aircraft Carrier Arresting Gear Components
Abstract:Current phenolic-based composites used for the slippers of the MK 7 arresting gear system have insufficient wear resistance to ensure an extended service life, and are subject to swelling when exposed to shipboard fluids. The resulting unscheduled maintenance repairs are costly, and the Navy seeks new technologies that will replace the current slipper composite material and have higher durability. Texas Research Institute Austin Inc. (TRI/Austin) proposes a novel composite material that will provide enhanced wear resistance, excellent mechanical and environmental properties, and will serve as a drop-in replacement for the current material while remaining in service for a minimum of 20,000 landings. Preliminary abrasion resistance tests show a Taber wear index of only 37 after 25,000 revolutions, and similar materials developed by TRI/Austin have been virtually unaffected by exposure to hydraulic fluid and other shipboard challenges. During Phase I, compressive, tensile, impact, fluid and environmental resistance, temperature tolerance, and tribological testing will demonstrate the resilience, wear resistance, and high lubricity of the composite material. Formulation and materials optimization will be conducted and samples will be delivered to the Navy. Prototype arresting gear components will be developed and tested in Phase II, setting the stage for rapid Phase III transition.

Tribis Engineering, Inc.
48597 Hayes Rd.
Shelby Township, MI 48315
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(586) 246-9156
Robert Adams
N122-107      Awarded: 10/9/2012
Title:Wear and Chemical Resistant Arresting Gear Slipper Material
Abstract:The arresting gear system on an aircraft carrier utilizes slippers and bearing materials between moving components. Presently, these bearing materials are a phenolic composite reinforced with a cotton textile and friction modified with graphite. The purpose of this proposal is to find a replacement material. The reasons for replacement of the material include: availability of the existing material, swelling from contact with ethylene glycol, wear debris damage to associated seals, and wear life.This application presents several challenges, most notably related to the wide range of pressures and velocities across the various slipper applications. There are nine slipper configurations in the system. Each has its own set of operating characteristics. The surface contact pressure varies from 10psi to 530psi. The contact speed varies from 0 to 540 in/s. The sliding distance can be up to 112 in. The sliding surface finish (Ra) varies between 16 micro-inches and 125 micro-inches. The surface may have any combination of dry, greased, ethylene glycol, and environmental contamination. Using wide spectrum wear testing as a measurement basis, a number of materials, both commercially available and novel, will be compared with the existing bearing material. An alternate, or alternates, will be selected or developed, based on wear life over the spectrum of operating conditions that simulate, as closely as feasible, the field operating conditions.

Sherpa Solutions, LLC
655 Hembree Pkwy.
Roswell, GA 30076
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 467-8866
C. Brown
N122-108      Awarded: 8/27/2012
Title:Acoustic Array Simulation Environment System
Abstract:This program addresses a defined need by the NAVY for an Acoustic Array Simulation Environment System (AASES) to facilitate analysis of Time/Angle of Arrival methodologies as well as testing, validation and verification of antisubmarine warfare (ASW) systems on fixed wing (manned and unmanned) and rotary wing aircraft. This need can be addressed by deploying standard sonobuoys and actual vessels as the object to be detected and located. This method is effective but costly and labor intensive. In Phase I, a more cost effective and flexible testing and analysis system will be investigated. This will be accomplished by designing a system based around reusable sonobuoy surrogates(SSB) which receive and then transmit simulated signals that represent what a standard sonobuoy would have measured in its location from the chosen type and location of vessel in the simulation. In operation the system will receive the simulated acoustic signal for each of the SSBs and then wirelessly transmit that signal to the appropriate SSB which will then transmit the signal over a standard sonobuoy radio link. The system will consist of up to 64 SSBs each transmitting their received simulated signals for reception by any ASW receiver system. Phase II will implement prototyping.

Softronics LImited
6920 Bowman Lane NE
Cedar Rapids, IA 52402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(319) 447-1446
Robert Sternowski
N122-108      Awarded: 8/27/2012
Title:Acoustic Array Simulation Environment System
Abstract:ASW training requires an accurate simulation of both sonobuoy data content and geolocation in order to maintain peak crew proficiency. Unfortunately, existing systems can generate and emit the necessary field of 64 sonobuoy signal simulations, but without the geographic dispersion of a real sonobuoy pattern (which is an unaffordable training option and unrealistic/uncontrolled simulation scenario). Thus the crew cannot train with the direction finding and geolocation features of the ASW system. Given the physical impossibility of spoofing a TDOA DF system, Softronics instead proposes a system based on the existing SASSIE/RFSonosim sonobuoy simulators that remotes the RF transmitter portion of the RFSonosim via datalink. This breaks up the 64 simulated sonobuoy emissions emanating from a single location; any mix of single site and deployable land/sea nodes can be used, and dispersed as desired to provide ASW crews a realistic sonobuoy pattern training event. The RF nodes are small, reusable, low-cost, buoy-packaged, and fully remotely operated, with all of the sensitive acoustic scenario generation system safe on shore.

Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
4600 Nautilus Court South
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-0263
Sara Rolfe
N122-109      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Refractory Coating for Heat Resistant Portable Helipad
Abstract:Eltron Research & Development, Inc (Eltron) has developed a refractory, flexible, inorganic paint that has shown excellent performance in protecting polymers from direct heat sources. In this project, Eltron will coat portable helipad mat materials such as polyethylene and polyester as well as other high temperature polymers and lightweight materials with refractory paint. Eltrons refractory, ceramic coating will be completely inorganic and highly refractory with a melting point of >1000?C which will improve the thermal resistance of mat materials to be able to withstand 650 ?F minimum for 20 minutes minimum. Weve developed a series of methods to provide excellent adhesion of our coatings to a variety of substrates including polymers, ceramics, and metals. Since Eltrons coating provides a thin, refractory layer, there should be little change in weight, density, or volume compared to uncoated mats. The refractory coating should provide no change in corrosion and weather resistance, installation, ground preparation, ground securing, or dust suppression compared to uncoated mats. The structural and thermal properties of refractory coated mat samples will be shown to be superior to uncoated samples while maintaining many of the puncture strength, tear resistance, and air permeability properties required for a portable helipad.

Frontier Performance Polymers Corporation
3328 Belt Road
Dover, NJ 07801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 989-8463
Jerry Chung
N122-109      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Innovative Cost-Effective and High-Temperature Portable Helipad
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR Phase I proposal is to develop a lightweight, cost-effective, and high-temperature resistant portable helipad for future helicopters and vertical landing aircrafts. Portable helipads are critical for forward operating bases, and enable aircrafts to land in any area safely and quickly without causing the brownout. The current technology is very effective for rotary crafts, but not for other vertical take-off and landing and thrust vectored aircrafts due to thermal limitations. Frontier will propose a novel material system to allow increased temperature sustainability and provide the Navy and Marine with the advanced material technology they need to facilitate future vehicles safely where brownout conditions may arise. Feasibility of the design to meet thermal, air permeability, and mechanical requirements as well as effectively suppress dust kick up will be outlined and systematically studied. Cost, required manpower, installation, manufacturability, reliability, and maintainability will also be analyzed for various design solutions.

Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd.
The Millennium Centre 1142 Middle Creek Road
Triadelphia, WV 26059
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(304) 547-5800
Paul McElroy
N122-109      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Multi-material Helipad
Abstract:The goal of the Phase 1 effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of using a structurally flexible multi-layered insulation for increased thermal management and reduced weight for a portable helipad for austere environments compared to the current single material system. Hor gases and thrust particulates from aircraft exhaust can create extreme temperatures and thermal shock leading to premature failures in exposed materials. Carbon and basalt non- woven fabrics and felts have tremendous temperature and thermal shock resistance making it the ideal material solution for flexible high heat portable helipads. The concept has great potential to limit the heat through the thickness and to maintain the underlying ground surface to below 200 0F. The architecture of the layered stack of materials is designed to produce a tortuous thermal path through the thickness and to spread the heat applied to the top surface from the exhaust laterally within the multi-material top layer. No through seams exist in the design to allow easy thermal transport of heat to the underlying surface. The proposed helipad mat should have excellent drapeability that will allow it to conform to irregular surfaces in austere environments that are not pre-prepared for helicopter or Vertical Takeoff & Landing operational traffic.

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Sang Lee
N122-110      Awarded: 10/17/2012
Title:A Model-assisted Damage Diagnostics and Characterization(MoDDiaC) wireless-sensor network based Structural Health Monitoring System for Composite Roto
Abstract:Advanced composite materials, increasingly adopted for airframe structures, are susceptible to barely visible impact damage, which has the potential to lead to a catastrophic failure if not accurately monitored. Structural health monitoring (SHM) based on acousto-ultrasound method has emerged as a promising technique for monitoring the onset and progress of structural damage. Acousto-ultrasound based SHM system employs generation and propagation of stress waves through attached piezoelectric transducers giving necessary information for monitoring the health of the structure. However, these techniques are generally suitable for simple structures without any local property /thickness variations. In this SBIR program, Acellent proposes to develop an innovative model-assisted SHM system that is capable of detecting, locating and characterizing type of damage on composite rotocraft structures. The proposed system learns sensitive signal features through a physics based wave propagation simulations and utilizes the knowledge to optimize sensor network for the given structure, and integrates offline learning with the current sensor data to accurately locate the damage even for complex structure with local property/thickness variation. Prototypes of the proposed model-assisted SHM system will be developed and demonstrated under representative loading and environmental conditions. Functionality of the proposed system will be tested thouroughly for different damage types.

General Nano LLC
1776 Mentor Ave. Ste 170
Cincinnati, OH 45212
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 309-5947
Joe Sprengard
N122-110      Awarded: 10/17/2012
Title:Carbon Nanotube Sensor Thread for Structural Health Monitoring of Composites
Abstract:This project will manufacture carbon nanotube(CNT) sensor/tape for use in distributed structural health monitoring(SHM) systems that will be integrated into/onto composite materials to provide damage detection, localization, and characterization. Composite test samples with internally integrated sensors will be built and evaluated to detect/locate multiple damage modes including fiber breakage and delamination. Analytical predictions of the damage magnitude and likely progression of detected flaws over time will be made. Composites with integrated CNT sensor thread/tape will have the following advantages: Self-Sensing- CNT piezoresistive thread can measure strain/damage, thread impedance decreases at high frequency increasing sensitivity Increased Strength- Composite strength will increase based on CNT volume fraction Damage Limiting- CNT thread has high strain to failure and will self-limit damage by absorbing strain energy Improved Transport- CNT thread has high thermal and electrical conductivity in-plane No Significant Added Weight or Size- There is almost no added mass of the sensor thread Modest Cost- Cost for the CNT materials and composites processing is modest Detection, Localization, and Characterization of Damage- Discerning between a crack and delamination will use a computer algorithm to map the shape of damage Improved Composites- Can determine failure progression in composites and provide understanding how to reinforce composites

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Russell Austin
N122-110      Awarded: 10/17/2012
Title:Innovative Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) System Capable of Detecting, Localizing, and Characterizing Damage in Composite Aircraft Structures
Abstract:Some success has been achieved with SHM of with simplified composite aircraft structures in laboratories. However, more complex structures with thickness variations, stiffeners, bonded joints; fasteners etc have been less successful. This is becoming a very serious issue, as the new H53-K uses large amounts of composites.Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc. (TRI/Austin) has a flight proven SHM system, the Large Area Health Monitoring Processor (LAHMP). It is a complete, miniaturized, acoustic emission system with built in, patented algorithms to determine fitness for service and damage location based on AE data. These algorithms were developed from data collected during laboratory and full scale fatigue, and flight proven, using real, fixed wing military aircraft composite structures. LAHMP has passed MIL-STDs 810, 461 and 704. The research team of TRI/Austin, Sikorsky and University of South Carolina proposes NAVAIR fund development of an even smaller, lighter, more rugged version of LAHMP for helicopter service. This system will use Acoustic Emission (AE) sensors to passively, continuously monitor composite structure health. The proposed work includes expanding prior work by our research team on 1) ballistic damage detection and assessment and 2) defect typing. All work will be performed on real composite structures from military aircraft.

COMPUTER OPTICS INC.
120 Derry Road P.O.Box 7
Hudson, NH 03051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 889-2116
Jonathan Kane
N122-111      Awarded: 10/17/2012
Title:Development of New Processes for the Refurbishment of Infrared Search and Track (IRST) Germanium (Ge) Domes
Abstract:In this research we propose a method for refurbishing damaged IRS&T domes building upon our past research into this topic area and in addition examining newer technologies that may offer additional benefits in terms of increased yield and overall lower program cost.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 894-6009
Richard Twedt
N122-111      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Development of New Processes for the Refurbishment of Infrared Search and Track (IRST) Germanium (Ge) Domes
Abstract:After extensive exposure to adverse environments such as sandstorms, rain, and fog, germanium (Ge) Infrared Search and Track (IRST) domes develop pits and surface damage, which accumulates over time eventually reducing the average transmission to below acceptable limits. New domes are quite costly since they are produced from single-crystal germanium (Ge) with very sophisticated inner and outer surface coatings. A process is needed that is capable of restoring the damaged domes to a state or condition that meet all of the imaging and environmental requirements of the original dome. Surmet has developed a portfolio of technologies that will be drawn upon to establish such a refurbishment process. The first step is to remove the damaged surface layer, replace it with a thick, durable and machinable coating layer, refigure the surface of the coated dome and then apply a durable anti-reflection (DAR) coating to provide abrasion resistance and enhance transmission. In addition to yielding a compliant dome, the refurbishment process will also improve the domes durability.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
N122-111      Awarded: 10/17/2012
Title:Development of New Processes for the Refurbishment of Infrared Search and Track (IRST) Germanium (Ge) Domes
Abstract:Infrared search and track (IRST) single crystal Ge domes develop surface defects after extensive use in adverse environments such as sandstorms, rain and fog. Surface defects on Ge domes lead to a reduction in the average transmission to below acceptable limit. Replacement of the damaged dome with a new Ge dome is an expensive proposition. In this Phase I SBIR program, UES Inc. proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of a cost effective approach to refurbish Ge domes to restore desired transmission.

Laser Operations, LLC
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 986-0000
Jeffrey Ungar
N122-112      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:High Efficiency 808 nm Laser Pump Diode Arrays with Excellent Beam Quality
Abstract:As part of an effort funded by HEL-JTO, we recently demonstrated advanced quantum well diode laser designs with enhanced confinement operating at 1500 nm that substantially advanced the state-of-the-art with regard to efficiency, high operating temperature and beam quality. Similar enhanced confinement designs will be implemented at 808 nm to greatly improve both electrical-to-optical efficiency and fiber-coupling efficiency. Moreover, by incorporating monolithic internal diffraction gratings in these lasers, linewidths and wavelength tolerances can be reduced by roughly a factor of 4 compared to standard pump diodes without incurring the cost and complication of external volume bragg grating stabilizers.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Zhigang Chen
N122-112      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:High Efficiency 808-nm VCSEL Arrays with Excellent Beam Quality
Abstract:Todays high energy Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers are often pumped by stacks of multiple edge-emitting diode laser bars since the vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) traditionally have been lower in efficiency. In this effort we are proposing a novel VCSEL design which overcomes the efficiency bottleneck in conventional VCSEL while preserving its beneficial attributes such as uniform beam in the far-field, higher brightness, narrow spectral width, less sensitivity to thermal drift in center wavelength and lower cost of manufacturing. Under the proposed program, nLight will develop and demonstrate a high power, high efficiency and high beam quality VCSEL array near 808 nm, with efficiency compared to the state-of-the-art edge-emitting diode laser bars. nLight will achieve this by leveraging its industry-leading high efficiency 808-nm epitaxy design, and incorporating a cascaded bipolar VCSEL design. The end goal of the program is to achieve > 60% wallplug efficiency and >1 kW QCW optical power in a 0.5 cm2 high power VCSEL array, with a spectral width less than 1 nm and a temperature coefficient of lower than 0.1 nm/C.

Princeton Optronics, Inc.
1 Electronics Dr
Mercerville, NJ 08619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 584-9696
Jean Seurin
N122-112      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:High Efficiency 808 nm Laser Pump Diode Arrays with Excellent Beam Quality
Abstract:The Navy is interested in developing high power and high operation efficiency pumps at 808nm for multiple Navy applications. VCSEL technology offers an excellent choice for the development of such laser pumps. Princeton Optronics has developed the technology of high power VCSEL arrays delivering hundreds of watts of power from small chips with >55% efficiency at 976nm. We would use improvements of those techniques as well as some new approaches to 808nm VCSELs to develop very high efficiency high power pumps. We propose an approach in which we would use improved quantum wells and other improvements on how the quantum wells are arranged in the cavity to dramatically improve the efficiencies of the VCSELs at 808nm. In phase I, we would demonstrate the feasibility of the approach and in phase II we would deliver >100W arrays with very high efficiencies as required in the solicitation.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
James McConnell
N122-113      Awarded: 11/8/2012
Title:Deep Vector Sensor System
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences and the Navmar Applied Sciences propose to adapt existing vector sensor and sonobuoy technology within their respective areas of expertise to develop a preliminary design for a passive deep water directional sonobuoy. The Phase I Base is centered on tasks pertaining to vector sensor design with emphasis on achieving the stringent noise floor criteria in an A-Size sonobuoy form factor. Other critical tasks include those concerning sonobuoy design which focuses on aspects related to packaging, deployment, hydro-mechanical self-noise, and telemetry. A small task will be conducted to obtain preliminary system level performance predictions of the vector sensor in an operationally significant environment. During the Phase I Option prototype designs for the pressure hydrophone and pressure-gradient hydrophone will be fabricated and tested for model validation purposes. The same type of test and evaluation approach will be employed to assess the fidelity of the hardwire telemetry link which routes the data from the sensor to a surface float.

LewTech Research, LLC.
9812 Dawson's Creek Blvd.
Fort Wayne, IN 46825
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(260) 373-1309
Sara Wagar
N122-113      Awarded: 11/15/2012
Title:Deep Vector Sensor System
Abstract:The Phase I program is directed at defining a buoy configuration that will capture the improved signal-to-noise ratios of surface or near-surface targets-of-interest when the acoustic sensor is located below the critical depth and as close to the ocean bottom as possible, capitalizing on the Reliable Acoustic Path. The overall buoy configuration options include a free-floating buoy and a buoy with an on-the-bottom sensor subsystem. In addition, the Phase I effort will include optimizing each subsystem and establishing a reliable packaging and deployment approach. Critical subsystems being optimized include the vector acoustic sensor and the subsurface-to-surface data link. Compatibility with the new proposed sonobuoy RF link utilizing a CPGFSK (Continuous Phase Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying) waveform is also included.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 938-4433
Mike Mullen
N122-113      Awarded: 11/9/2012
Title:Deep Vector Sensor System
Abstract:The US Navy has a requirement for a Reliable Acoustic Path A-sized sonobuoy system. The major challenge is to reduce sensor electronic noise to exploit the environment. Additionally, A-size introduces numerous technical challenges for flow and vertical motion induced noise mitigation, for data telemetry, and for packaging. Progeny Systems Corporation teamed with UnderSea Sensor Systems, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative Deep Vector Sensor sonobuoy based on single crystal vector sensor technology. Single crystal sensing elements offers a wide frequency range in a compact size with low power consumption, and our low- noise analog signal conditioning and compensation microcircuitry can meet the noise requirements. Our sonobuoy concept features a decoupled drifting sensor module with passive buoyancy compensation that deploys after descent to near the ocean bottom in up to 6km water; up to a one hour deployment sequence. Precision wound fiber optic cable provides telemetry, with suspension to buffer vertical wave-induced motion. A modified upper electronics assembly serves as communications gateway to the aircraft.Our Phase I effort will design and demonstrate feasibility for the vector sensor, design and model the drifting sensor module, and develop the high level buoy design. Phase I option will fabricate and test the sensor.

VIP Sensors
32242 Paseo Adelanto Suite C
San Juan Capistrano, CA 92675
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 429-3558
Alex Karolys
N122-113      Awarded: 11/9/2012
Title:Fiber Optic Vector Sensor Sonobuoy System
Abstract:VIP Sensors proposes to develop a very low noise, highly sensitive Fiber Optic Vector Sensor (FOVS) System packaged in a size - A sonobuoy. The FOVS includes a triaxial optical accelerometer, an omnidirectional optical hydrophone and an optical compass. Only a pair of single mode optic fibers interconnects the fully passive vector sensor located below sea level to the sonobuoys Surface Electronic System. The FOVS measures the amplitude and direction of sound wave and provides its spatial orientation regarding the magnetic north and its pitch relative to the horizon. All the sensors are Extrinsic Fabry-Perot Fiber Optic MEMS devices built with spectrally selective micro-mirrors designed to be sensitive only to one particular measurand: acceleration or pressure or to the earth magnetic field. Each the sensors operate at a unique optical wavelength range within the C and L telecommunication bands. The FOVS is configured as two sensor segments in parallel, separated by an optical time delay, one segment has three accelerometers and a hydrophone, the other has three magnetic sensors that make up the compass. The Interrogation Module separates the signal spectrum of the sensors in a given segment, in a Wave Division Multiplexing fashion; and time multiplexes the sensor segments.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Bruce Pilvelait
N122-114      Awarded: 11/9/2012
Title:Improved Pulse Power and Thermal Management Capabilities for Aircraft Applications
Abstract:Next generation aircraft systems will include weapons, sensors and actuators requiring large amplitude pulse power capability which will exceed the continuous power delivery capacity of most aircraft. Compact, lightweight and efficient power conversion and thermal management systems are required to provide a suitable interface between the aircraft power supply and these pulse power loads. We will develop a high density, high efficiency power conversion and thermal management system to meet these needs. Our approach uses an efficient front end conversion method which is compatible with either 115 VAC or 270 VDC aircraft electrical supplies, electrical energy storage for high power pulse capability, programmable pulse control, and an innovative thermal management system which minimizes size and weight for aircraft applications. During Phase I we will define our technical approach and analytically quantify performance expectations and prepare plans for Phase II demonstrations. During Phase II we will fabricate and evaluate a subscale prototype to show level of performance compared to stated goals.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Troy Beechner
N122-114      Awarded: 11/8/2012
Title:High Power Density, High Efficiency, Scalable Pulse Power Delivery System
Abstract:With the advent of pulse energy weapons, the transient characteristics of military aircraft power systems is changing. These new loads require power supplies that shield the pulse transient from the electrical distribution system, while also being highly efficient, power dense, and reliable. Mainstream proposes a lightweight, modular, hybrid pulse energy delivery system that is scalable to applications greater than 150 kW. The proposed solution will reduce the total system volume by 50%, lower cost by 30%, and increase reliability by 20% over current solutions. This high level of power density is achieved without the use of high temperature SiC semiconductors, which can significantly increase system cost. In Phase I, Mainstream will optimize the power electronic and thermal management system architecture, and develop the control system for both. Mainstream will also fabricate a small- scale prototype incorporating energy storage elements and the associated power electronic interface, experimentally verifying pulse power operation. In Phase II, Mainstream will demonstrate a full-scale prototype on a simulated aircraft power system. Mainstreams proposed technology will not only improve the reliability and power density of military aircraft pulse power supplies, but can also satisfy commercial power supply goals.

RCT Systems, Inc.
1745A West Nursery Rd MS4018
Linthicum, MD 21090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 694-8054
Richard Young
N122-114      Awarded: 11/9/2012
Title:Robust Power Conversion/Conditioning Technologies for High Power Aircraft Applications
Abstract:High power pulse weapons have been proposed for decades. Prototype lasers, for example, have had some success in destroying surface and airborne targets. High power, high efficiency laser diodes are now available to pump the lasers but they still need large amounts of energy storage. A convenient way to utilize energy dense aircraft fuel is to tap into the existing electrical generation and distribution system. But the instantaneous power levels needed for this type of weapon is beyond their capability. The objective of the solicitation is the development of innovative high density, high efficiency power conversion and conditioning technologies supporting high power, low duty cycle applications. The ultimate purpose is to buffer the aircrafts generation and distribution system from the effects of high power pulse loads. RCT proposes to use an innovative architecture that will draw constant power from the generator while simultaneously firing the weapon and storing electrical energy, in pulse power batteries and/or super capacitors, for the next shot. RCT plans to use SiC power modules at high junction temperatures with only natural convection thus eliminating the complexity of active cooling. These power switches can run at high frequencies, reducing the size of EMI filter components.

Applied EM Inc.
144 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 224-2035
C.J.Reddy
N122-115      Awarded: 9/24/2012
Title:GPS-Iridium Anti-Jam (AJ) Antenna Systems for Air Vehicle and Sea Vehicle Platforms
Abstract:Objective of the proposed research effort is to design, build and test an experimental AJ antenna for GPS receiver and Iridium transceiver functionality and to develop novel signal processing techniques without compromising the AJ suppression capability of either of the two systems. The AJ antenna will have at least four elements and will be approximately four inch in diameter. The individual antenna elements will be designed to receive M-coded GPS signals in L1 and L2 band as well as receive and transmit Iridium communication system signals simultaneously. Since the transmitted signal is much stronger than the received signals, the antenna must provide good isolation to enable the simultaneous reception of weak navigation and communication signals and transmission of strong communication signal. In this project, Applied EM along with its team members will develop a new signal processing algorithm for the antenna electronics (AE) such that the signal processing capability of a given receiver (GPS or Iridium) are not compromised by the presence of the other signals. Size, weight and Power (SWAP) will be considered in the development of antenna and antenna electronics so that the same antenna system can be used for airborne as well as undersea vehicles.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 317-1070
James Lilly
N122-115      Awarded: 9/26/2012
Title:GPS-Iridium anti-jam (AJ) Antenna Systems
Abstract:JEM Engineering proposes to research the feasibility of a combined Iridium/GPS anti-jam system within a 4 diameter aperture via a multi-element, multi-function antenna. We will develop a combined system architecture and a new algorithm for attaining anti-jam Iridium performance. We seek to achieve low size, weight, and power for the combined antenna and antenna electronics.

Mayflower Communications Company, Inc.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
William LeComte
N122-115      Awarded: 10/24/2012
Title:Iridium/GPS Anti-Jam Antenna System (iGAAS)
Abstract:GPS is extremely vulnerable to signal interference, both unintentional and deliberate. Military navigation systems for air and sea vehicles require reliable GPS performance and the use of Iridium signals to provide an alternate robust worldwide navigation and communications capability. Some type of jamming signal mitigation technique is needed beyond conventional filter methods since these interference signals are in the GPS/Iridium bands and therefore cannot be removed with traditional in-band filtering. Consequently, a cancellation method that preserves the GPS/Iridium signals while eliminating the undesired interference is needed. Antenna nulling methods are a common solution for mitigating jammer signals from GPS, however many existing air and sea vehicles have limited space and power requirements that do not allow for traditional antenna nulling/beam-steering anti-jam solutions that require large antenna arrays and antenna electronics of considerable power and size. Mayflower proposes to leverage its SAS AJ technology with added Iridium capabilities and integrate the antenna nulling electronics into a 4-inch diameter multi-element array with Iridium support. The proposed Mayflower iGAAS system will be a common solution for air and sea vehicles that will provide simultaneous GPS reception and Iridium transmit/receive capability, as well as simultaneous nulling protection of the GPS and Iridium bands.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr. Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
Jim Coward
N122-116      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Free Space Optical Communication for Ocean Surface Transceivers
Abstract:SA Photonics proposes the development of the NeptuneLITE free space optical communication system for aircraft interrogation of sonobuoy fields. NeptuneLIITE enables high data rate (>1 Mb/s) at long range (>40 nautical miles) in a compact form factor with very low cost per sonobuoy.

Verdant Networks
365 Boston Post Road #121
Sudbury, MA 01776
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-1998
Erik Thoen
N122-116      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Ocean Surface Transceiver Free Space Optical Communication System
Abstract:Communication from ocean-surface sonobuoys to airborne platforms is critical to Anti- Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations. Existing Radio-Frequency (RF) solutions encounter several challenges which Free-Space Optical (FSO) systems solve. FSO systems for sonobuoy applications have unique challenges that proper system design can overcome. Verdant Networks is proposing an asymmetric system design that meets key performance, size, power, and cost requirements with several advantages. Design and development risk is minimized by leveraging existing Pointing Acquisition, and Tracking (PAT), optical, and modulation technology. Projected system performance will be experimentally validated by utilizing a proven test bed during the Phase 1 Option. By the end of Phase 1 a low-risk, experimentally verified design will be available to prototype and demonstrate in Phase 2.

Wavefront
7 Johnston Circle
BASKING RIDGE, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 558-4806
Jie Yao
N122-116      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Gimbal-Free Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Free Space Optical Communication (WDMFSO) for Ocean Surface Transceivers
Abstract:Lasercom, namely, free-space optical (FSO) communication, has many advantages over the traditional RF communication channels widely used in military communications. Some notable advantages of lasercom are no need for licensing for frequency allocation, immunity to radio frequency interference, and low probability of interception and detection. The biggest disadvantage of lasercom, however, is its requirement of point-to-point and line-of-the-sight configuration between optical transceivers. Pointing and tracking via gimbal systems as well as other mechanical tuning of orientation and pointing are often required. We propose an optical WDMFSO system with mature WDM system architecture, resulting in (i) NO gimbal, and (ii) NO pointing and tracking.During Phase I, we will design, fabricate and characterize infrared photo-detectors for application in the WDMFSO system. We will also experimentally prove the concept of the WDMFSO system at reduced distance scales within the laboratory. In Phase II, we will further optimize the photo-detector technology based on the feedback from Phase 1 experiments, and fully prototype and develop a complete WDMFSO system for field testing. During Phase III, we will manufacture and market the WDMFSO system as well as for our commercial medical device products.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 353-8755
Sidney Theis
N122-117      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Enhancing Situational Awareness to Counter Swarming and Other Nonlinear, Dispersed Tactics Against Naval Surface Forces
Abstract:The proposed work is to develop innovative Maritime Situational Awareness Aids (MSAA) specifically targeted for small boats in dense maritime traffic environment to assist in developing actionable information to support the determination of hostile action and/or hostile intent.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 493-0057
Mark McClure
N122-117      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Enhancing Situational Awareness to Counter Swarming and Other Nonlinear, Dispersed Tactics Against Naval Surface Forces
Abstract:Under this effort we will advanced modeling, detection and classification methods to counter swarming and related dispersed nonlinear tactics of potential threat to US Naval surface forces. Our approach to this problem is based on machine learning and probabilistic modeling, multi-sensor fusion, ISAR imaging, target classification and feature-aided tracking.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Robert Wilkerson
N122-117      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Enhancing Situational Awareness to Counter Swarming and Other Nonlinear, Dispersed Tactics Against Naval Surface Forces
Abstract:Toyon proposes to research and develop algorithms and software that provide enhanced situational awareness to watchstanders of naval vessels. These algorithms will employ advanced data fusion and pattern recognition technologies with the primary objective of identification and early warning of hostile swarming or other nonlinear, dispersed tactics in a 360-degree field-of-regard around the vessel. Fusion algorithms will provide persistent feature-aided tracking, target classification, and target fingerprinting to monitor and characterize each surface vessel in the surveillance region. This set of tracks will supply the data from which group behavioral features will be extracted for subsets of tracks hypothesized to form a coordinated swarm group. These features will then feed a threat detection algorithm that will detect abnormal behaviors that are observed, such as coordinated actions by a group of targets. In Phase I, Toyon will perform a feasibility study of the proposed solution by developing and extending component data fusion algorithms, designing the group behavioral feature models, and evaluating anomaly detection performance to meet the specified technical objectives of the project.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 873-1101
Robert Kipp
N122-119      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Automated Antenna CAD for Installed Performance Assessment and Optimization
Abstract:Our team proposes to expand the capabilities of an existing software tool so that is capable of producing CAD models and associated configuration information for representative antenna designs given the type of information that can be found on a vendors specification sheet. The user will select an antenna type from a database of antennas and specify design objectives. An underlying computational engine will be used as the basis for an optimization engine that creates designs to meet the objectives specified. The approach for creating representative designs for antennas will be demonstrated using realistic example antennas. Performance metrics will be developed to assess the accuracy of the approach. A list of common antennas employed on NAVAIR aircraft will be compiled and mapped to existing antenna types supported by Antenna Magus. If there is a need for additional antenna models, they will be developed. A study will be conducted to assess the accuracy of using representative designs versus the actual antenna design for installed antenna performance analyses. The proposed tool will also include a capability for searching the antenna database according to specific applications. This database will also allow the user to save, organize and share representative designs developed by NAVAIR.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7556
vijaya shankar
N122-119      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Automated Antenna CAD for Installed Performance Assessment and Optimization
Abstract:HyPerComp is proposing to utilize its ongoing efforts in building the HDphysics environment to develop a framework for creating automated antenna CAD tools for assessing the installed performance of commercial-of-the-shelf (COTS) antennas. A template-based approach is proposed to rapidly generate the CAD and grid for various antenna types for use in the optimization/design process to improve the installed antenna performance.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shahzad Khalid
N122-119      Awarded: 10/23/2012
Title:Inverse Neural-Network-Based Automated Antenna CAD Tool
Abstract:To address the Navys need for an antenna design tool that will rapidly produce CAD models of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) aircraft antennas, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Inverse Neural-Network-based Automated Antenna CAD Tool (INNCAD). The innovation in algorithms based on trained knowledge-based inverse neural networks (INN) and an innovative antenna knowledge database (ADB) produce rapid automated design CAD models of COTS aircraft antennas that are ready to use in the Navys CEM simulation tools to evaluate performance when installed. This device offers a methodology that uses COTS antenna performance and physical data to yield complete antenna designs and their physical descriptions, directly addressing Navy requirements. In Phase I, POC will develop a complete system architecture with details of the graphical user interface (GUI) and demonstrate the ability to produce a valid antenna design from top-level specifications for at least two types of antennas. In Phase II, POC will develop INNCAD into a complete engineering tool, which will include a GUI, interface to the Navys CEM codes, and a complete version of the ADB and INN to design a comprehensive set of aircraft antennas.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Presidential Way
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-1200
Anton Greenwald
N122-120      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:Carbon Monoxide Detector For Aviation Oxygen Systems
Abstract:Agiltron Inc. proposes to develop a compact, sensitive, and selective tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) based multi-gas sensor for OBOGS breathing oxygen monitoring. In the proposed research, novel laser diodes that output wavelength tunable from 2000 nm to 3500 nm will be used to dramatically increase the number of gases that can be detected and improve the sensitivity achievable using a compact platform. In combination with the proven technology of robust ultra-compact multipass optical cell and flight-ready electronics, this innovation will result in a multi-gas sensor that meets the performance specification and integration requirements for aircraft integration.

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Kevin Harsh
N122-120      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:A Miniaturized SERS Based Sensor Technology for detecting toxic contaminants in oxygen from aircraft On-Board Oxygen Generating Systems (OBOGS)
Abstract:Aircraft equipped with On-Board Oxygen Generating Systems (OBOGS) selectively filter nitrogen and other gaseous contaminants in air from the aircraft's engine to provide the aircrew with an oxygen enriched breathing gas. Under suboptimal operating conditions, toxic byproducts can breach the OBOGS and enter the aircrew's oxygen supply. Current contaminant sensor technologies tend to lack the response time, reliability, specificity, and robustness needed for military aircraft. Thus, there is a need for a compact, highly reliable/specific sensor for multiple toxic contaminants to monitor oxygen produced by aircraft OBOGS. Ideally, such sensors would be: detect (as a minimum) CO, CO2, NOx, and aliphatic/aromatic hydrocarbons; compact and lightweight; not drift over time; and include a visual alarm indicator, and an electronic output signal that can interface with an aircraft's caution and warning system. The objective of the proposed work is to develop such a sensing module, based on the combination of a miniaturized surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy concept and existing low-power wireless sensor network hardware. This Phase I effort will include: working with OEMs to define requirements; analyses; evaluation of the sensing module hardware/packaging design concepts; and construction and proof of principle demonstration of first generation hardware.

Vista Photonics, Inc.
3N Chamisa Dr., Suite 1
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 466-3830
Andrei Vakhtin
N122-120      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:Carbon Monoxide Detector For Aviation Oxygen Systems
Abstract:Aircraft On-Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS) selectively filters compressed air from the aircraft's engine to remove nitrogen and other gaseous contaminants to provide the aircrew with an oxygen enriched breathing gas. During shipboard operations, Navy aircraft are particularly vulnerable to excessive levels of toxic byproducts from ingesting the jet exhaust from other aircraft. Under suboptimal operating conditions, toxic byproducts can breach the OBOGS and enter the aircrew's oxygen supply. NAVAIR is developing an oxidizing catalyst to eliminate these toxins, but a sensor is needed to determine when the catalyst may be losing effectiveness. Vista Photonics proposes development of a compact, flexible and rugged multi-gas sensor compatible with the OBOGS challenging environment. The sensor will be capable of providing a visual alarm indicator, as well as electronic output signal to interface with the aircraft's caution and warning system, when concentration of a toxic compound exceeds the specified threshold level. Phase I study will prove the feasibility of the proposed technology and outline the concept of the Phase II prototype instrument.

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 281-0783
Cyprian Sajabi
N122-121      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:High Efficiency SIGINT Collection
Abstract:Our proposal specifically addresses the stated requirements of the solicitation; we will develop and deploy tools and methods for efficiently collecting, analyzing and classifying narrowband signals within a wide radio-frequency spectrum. The number of potential hostile waveforms in the RF environment will continue to increase with an essentially random distribution. However, at any given time, the overall spectrum population is sparse. Any receiver on an airborne platform attempting to perform SIGNAL Intelligence (SIGINT), or Communications Intelligence (COMINT) currently relies on brute-force Nyquist sampling of wide swaths of spectrum and using storage and processing-intensive methods. The approach we propose aims to reduce the processing, storage, and transmission burden on the SIGINT system by using innovative sampling techniques and algorithms as well as making better choices about where in the spectrum to focus the search for signals of interest. The proposed Edaptive Heiste solution builds on previous Edaptive Computing, Inc (ECI) knowledge and technology itself innovative to provide the user with near real-time intelligence of the various communication signals in the vicinity. The proposed solution will add to the situational awareness of the war-fighter and do so in a manner that does not demand vast hardware and processing resources.

Invertix Corporation
8201 Greensboro Drive Suite 800
McLean, VA 22102
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(575) 646-9316
Brecken Uhl
N122-121      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:High Efficiency SIGINT Collection
Abstract:Signals intelligence systems use the established Shannon-Nyquist approach of signal acquisition, setting a sampling requirement based on data rate. This sampling approach is generating operationally impractical amounts of data, most of which goes unused or arrives late. The conventional rate of data-to-information (DTI) conversion is low, and there exists high demand for a solution. A new approach to signal sampling achieves efficient DTI conversion. Our approach exploits mathematical sparsity to produce high accuracy information sensing (ISENSE) with reduced sampling rates. This technique employs the relatively new science of compressive sensing (CS) and compressive processing (CP), which extract information with fewer samples compared than when sampling at the Nyquist rate. As an extension to known CS techniques, ISENSE continuously validates sparsity patterns, taking CS from theory to a deployable technology. We apply ISENSE to the intercept, detection, characterization, classification and identification of emitters. We will illustrate, by qualitative and quantitative measures, how the ISENSE capability maintains DTI accuracy and detection probabilities despite reduced sampling rates, thus improving Naval airborne SIGINT data collection, storage, transport, and processing efficiency.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 612-2312
Benjamin Slocumb
N122-121      Awarded: 11/13/2012
Title:High Efficiency SIGINT Collection
Abstract:U.S. intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance (ISR) platforms employ SIGINT sensors for target platform detection, identification and location. Many receivers are narrowband and are scanned over the RF spectrum (e.g., 2-18 GHz) in search of RF emitters of interest. With the rapid proliferation of RF technology, the signal spectrum has become complex and congested placing a burden on the SIGINT receiver to keep up with its surveillance and data processing requirements. However, the receiver must maintain a high probability of intercept for critical emitters. The objective of this SBIR topic is to develop methods for efficient SIGINT receiver data collection and processing. This proposed program will develop a mathematical optimization algorithm that will generate a receiver frequency band scan schedule that maximizes the receiver's resource usage. The algorithm is envisioned to enable the mission planner to prioritize the scan schedule for specific emitter signal intercept. The solution will be applicable to fielded receiver systems such as the ALQ-217, and should not require any hardware modifications. A software prototype that implements the optimization algorithm will be developed, and simulation results will be prepared that demonstrate the advantages of an optimized scan schedule compare to a baseline schedule.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 795-6510
Kevin Cockrell
N122-122      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:In-Air Sound Sources for Anti-Submarine Warfare
Abstract:With the continual reduction in radiated acoustic levels of submarines around the world, active sonar has become essential in all aspects of Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) operations. Further, bistatic and multistatic active sonar systems increase the spatial diversity of detection systems and afford improvements over monostatic systems in performance against potential threat submarines. Source development has been a focus, but the size and complexity of source designs, particularly at the lower frequencies necessary for longer range acoustic propagation, makes this aspect of the active sonar system technically challenging. This is especially true for air-deployable multistatic active sonar systems. An airborne acoustic source, combined with a field of air-deployed acoustic sensors in the water, has the potential to enable a wide area, active, search capability that limits the ability of submerged threats to effectively predict source location and reduce their own vulnerability to detection. The purpose of this SBIR proposal is to: Assess the feasibility of airborne acoustic sources for active sonar Develop source concepts that provide the ensonification levels and source waveforms necessary for submerged threat detection, and Plan at-sea experiments to validate the concepts for development.

Heat, Light, and Sound Research, Inc.
3366 N. Torrey Pines Court Suite 310
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 457-0800
Paul Hursky
N122-122      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:Airborne source multistatics
Abstract:HLS Research has participated in several research initiatives for various sponsors pursuing innovative concepts that strive to exploit ambient noise sources to illuminate targets and environment features in the underwater acoustic waveguide. This theme has engaged researchers in many fields, such as correlating random seismic noise to image the Earth, correlating surface generated ocean noise to image the seabed, and similar efforts in the EM spectrum where the term passive radar has been coined. In this effort, HLS Research will adapt the integrated modeling and signal processing technology developed for these related applications to exploit the advantages provided by using an aircraft already on station to prosecute an ASW mission as an acoustic source. The challenges presented by this concept include: a direct blast that is conceptually always on (requiring capable interference cancellation), a source waveform that may have both narrowband and broadband components but for which no exact replica may be available (and thus has to be recovered from the multiple and interfering arrivals along paths from the aircraft through the rough and moving ocean surface), and relatively extreme source motion as aircraft speeds far exceed typical platform speeds underwater (suggesting wideband Doppler compensation will be an important component).

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Gerard Caroll
N122-122      Awarded: 10/19/2012
Title:The Airborne ASW Platform as an Underwater Sound Source
Abstract:Signal Systems Corporation (SSC) will show, using a simulation-based approach, the extent to which it is feasible to use airborne ASW platforms as an underwater sound source useful in submarine echo detection. SSC will develop ocean acoustics models which include the refracted paths and the evanescent path, and are capable of modeling the air/water interface. Airborne multi-tonal and broadband low frequency sources will be used as excitation sources. These model components will be incorporated into existing SSC multistatic coherent sonar performance simulations and used in conjunction with the Likelihood Ratio Tracker (LRT) model to determine the feasibility of the approach, optimal configurations, and requirements for specifically designed airborne sources. In addition SSC will conduct a tradeoff study concerning available source noise generation alternatives for the infrasonic frequency source generation mechanism which will be will be experimentally verified (Phase I Option) to fully explore the feasibility of the evanescent (lateral wave) excitation path. Finally, SSC will assess the advantage of using ship based towed arrays as receivers for these airborne sources.

Applied Optimization, Inc.
714 E Monument Ave Ste 204
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-5100
Anil Chaudhary
N122-123      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:Development of Materials for Metallic Direct Digital Manufacturing
Abstract:The research objective of this proposal is to perform computational alloy development to enhance the Ti-6Al-4V chemistry for direct digital manufacturing (DDM). The new alloy will be designed to attain the following attributes: (1) isotropic behavior with mechanical properties on par with the upper bins of Cast+HIP Ti-6Al-4V; (2) ability to deposit builds within a window of processing conditions commonly available in the current generation of DDM equipment; (3) ability to qualify the material as per the framework described in the industry standards, AMS4999A or ASTM F42; (4) raw material cost comparable to the Ti- 6Al-4V additive material. The new alloy chemistry will be targeted to attain the following: (1) refinement of grain size; (2) reduced propensity to form porosity; and (3) promote fracture toughness. Its processing parameters will be targeted to maximize basketweave microstructure throughout the deposit and to eliminate the need for post process HIP treatment. The new chemistry will be determined using analytical trial and error, which will be supported by limited deposition testing. Analytical iterations will be performed using thermodynamic modeling and process simulation. The depositions, microstructure evaluation and mechanical testing will be performed for a limited number of chemistry variations and the data will be used for the calibration of simulation input, its predictions and the demonstration of feasibility.

Keystone Synergistic Enterprises, Inc.
664 NW Enterprise Drive Suite 118
Port Saint Lucie, FL 34986
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(772) 343-7575
Raymond Walker
N122-123      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:Development of Materials for Metallic Direct Digital Manufacturing
Abstract:Metallic Direct Digital Manufacturing (MDDM), is based on layer-by-layer metal deposition and has been developed to a sufficient state of manufacturing readiness where production applications have emerged in niche industrial sectors. DDM processes in general require the use of raw materials that are either powdered metal or weld wire, both sources having been developed long before DDM processes emerged. Materials specifically designed for AM/DDM process have not been developed in the metals supply base. Keystone Synergistic Enterprises, Inc. is proposing to develop a raw material chemistry and condition specification beginning with Ti-6Al-4V alloy, tailored to DDM processes, and consistent with aerospace quality standards. In Phase I this process will be started with the generation of a draft specification for DDM Ti-6-4 raw material. From the Ti-6-4 foundation, Keystone will define the next high priority alloys for aerospace, nickel superalloys, high-strength aluminum, high- strength steel, and magnesium alloys.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Roger Storm
N122-123      Awarded: 11/2/2012
Title:Direct Digital Fabrication and Characterization of New Low Cost Titanium Alloys
Abstract:In this Phase I program, MER will work with Prof. James Williams of Ohio State University (OSU) to identify and fabricate new titanium alloys of interest to the Navy. The alloys will be fabricated using a low cost DDM process in place at MER which utilizes a plasma transferred arc welding torch as the heat source. The mechanical properties and microstructure of these new alloys will be characterized. This program will be expanded in Phase II to include a modeling based approach to further identify the optimum alloys and address the qualification of the new alloys. MER will also produce the alloys in Phase II using a very low cost powder route which has the potential to produce titanium alloy components for

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2430
Stacy Pfautz
N122-124      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:ARCSIN: Adaptive Real-time Control Station INterfaces
Abstract:Future operations will increasingly utilize unmanned vehicles (UxVs) to accomplish complex missions. UxVs have the potential to dramatically improve real-time situation awareness and increase mission success. Current advancements in performance and capabilities of UxVs and automated mission planning systems are enabling a shift from direct teleoperation towards supervisory roles. With this shift, there is a need to develop intelligent human- computer interface and interaction techniques that enable a single operator to remain cognizant of the current mission status and rapidly understand the state and activities of multiple vehicles in a multi-domain environment. Operators need intuitive, simple visualizations that enable quick and effective mission-level decisions, particularly during autonomous re-planning and re-tasking that require human assistance or intervention. To develop: (1) robust human-computer interactions for facilitating coordination by human operators and automated planning technologies for rapid course of action analysis; and (2) innovative visualizations and interfaces that adapt to changing needs based on context, Aptima and our partners propose to develop Adaptive Real-time Control Station INterfaces (ARCSIN). ARCSIN provides intuitive interfaces to operators that enable them to make real- time decisions in the face of unforeseen events, visualize recommended courses of action from mission planning systems, and reduce information overload to a manageable level.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
N122-124      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Advanced Mission Display and Planning Tools (AMPT)
Abstract:Intuitive mission display visualization and planning capabilities are needed to enhance operator situation awareness when supervising teams of unmanned vehicles. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Mission Display and Planning Tools (AMPT) to reduce the workload of re-planning and re-tasking teams of heterogeneous vehicles. These decision-support interfaces will use simple visual structures to convey complex behavior-shaping events that operators can intuitively perceive and efficiently respond to, thereby resulting in enhanced insight and direction of the planning tools. First, we will expand prior analyses of unmanned operations to characterize operators need for observability and directability of automated planning tools. Second, we leverage this analysis to design: (1) ecological mission displays that enhance operator awareness of the relative efficacy of automated plans with respect to mission goals; and (2) advanced planning algorithms that incorporate both hard and soft constraints during mission re-planning and re-tasking. Finally, we will extend existing in-house planning algorithms, display tools, and simulation environments to rapidly prototype of AMPT mission display visualizations and planning component algorithms. We will use these prototypes to demonstrate and evaluate our approaches and to deeply explore the complexities of rapid re-planning and re-tasking of unmanned vehicles across complex domains.

CHI Systems, Inc.
1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300
Fort Washington, PA 19034
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-1400
Benjamin Bell
N122-124      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Situational Awareness with Layered Visualizations for Operators of Unmanned System Aggregates (SALVO-USA)
Abstract:As deployed UxVs and the range of their applications continue to increase, the responsibility of the UxV operator has likewise shifted to encompass simultaneous control of an aggregate of multiple vehicles from multiple warfare domains. In this new aggregated paradigm, replanning, retasking, and reassignment must be supported by solutions that enable a single operator to maintain awareness of the overall tactical situation as well as status and threats associated with individual UxVs. CHI Systems and its partner, Lockheed Martin, are pleased to propose Situational Awareness with Layered Visualizations for Operators of Unmanned System Aggregates (SALVO-USA). The SALVO-USA effort will involve principled identification of mission-oriented requirements for situational awareness, associated user interface and interaction needs and relevant technologies, and analysis of the replanning process including specification of replanning triggers and evaluation of replanning technologies. SALVO-USA will provide operators with an intuitive interface consisting of multiple coordinated layers of information for individual vehicles and the battlespace as a whole. These new approaches will empower the individual operator in a multi-vehicle multi- domain environment.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 887-7606
Jacob Crossman
N122-124      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Autonomous Decision Support for Unmanned Vehicle Control in a Multi-vehicle, Multi-domain Environment
Abstract:SoarTech will research technologies to address a fundamental problem in current unmanned vehicle operations reduction in the amount of operator attention required to control a team of unmanned vehicles (UVs). We call our approach Lucid, and the Lucid system will monitor the mission and behavior of a team of heterogeneous UVs and1. automate the presentation of salient information to the user2. detect and project important events and alert the user to them,3. provide context-relevant, high-level inputs, making some actions as simple as one click, and4. assess user C2 effectiveness, helping to automate task distribution based on context.Lucid will enable supervisory control allowing operators to spend less time interacting with the system and more time doing other important tasks. To achieve these results Lucid will implement computational situation awareness (CSA), and use it as a basis for intelligent UI control, decision support, and high-level command inputs. The core concepts behind Lucid were prototyped and tested in the MAGIC International Robot Competition where SoarTech teamed with the University of Michigan to win in 2010. Lucid will build on that ground-breaking work by incorporating the naval domain, CSA, C2 effectiveness estimation, and high level command into this framework.

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
835 Stewart Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 745-1188
Shawn Beard
N122-125      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Bondline Integrity Monitoring and Assessment (BIMA) System
Abstract:The use of adhesive bonding has led to the development of novel aircraft components with and allows for the integration of different materials (composite-to-composite, composite-to- metal, skin-to-honeycomb, etc.). However, manufacturing flaws or in-service damage may degrade such joints. An issue with the use of adhesive-bonded structures in the aircraft industry is the lack of an acceptable non-destructive inspection (NDI) technique, which is part of the reason why adhesively bonded primary structures are also fastened with mechanical fasteners. Using built-in sensors for structural health monitoring (SHM) can help overcome these inspection difficulties, and can allow monitoring of the bondline during manufacturing and throughout the structures life from cradle to grave. Acellent Technologies proposes to develop an on-board integrated system for detection of manufacturing and usage related damage to bonded joints in aircraft. The objective of the program is to provide the Navy with a Bondline Integrity Monitoring and Assessment (BIMA) System for detection and quantification of degradation of the bondline in aircraft structures. This information can then be transferred to prognostic models to provide predictions of remaining strength and life, thereby facilitating the development of maintenance strategies to mitigate the effects of the degradation on the aircraft safety and reliability.

Metis Design Corporation
205 Portland St 4th Floor
Boston, MA 02114
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-5616
Seth Kessler
N122-125      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Guided Wave-Based Bondline Integrity Monitoring
Abstract:The implementation of structural health monitoring (SHM) into aerospace applications has been hindered by component quantity, including sensors, cables, and acquisition/computation units, as well as data quality. Particularly for large-area applications such ship hulls, complexity of the implied system infrastructure can be impractical, and data effected by attenuation and EMI-pickup along analog cables. The payoff of reliable SHM would be the ability to detect/characterize in-situ damage for condition-based maintenance, thereby greatly reducing overall life-cycle costs. Metis Design Corporation (MDC) has demonstrated point-of-measurement datalogging and digital sensor-busing during prior Phase II SBIRs, which minimizes SHM infrastructure and EMI susceptibility. During the proposed SBIR, MDC will further exploit this low-mass, long-range, scalable SHM architecture to satisfy Navy requirements for damage detection and characterization for bonded composite joints. Since the MDC SHM hardware is already quite mature, much of the Phase I effort will aim to customize piezoelectric sensors and diagnostic algorithms to best meet Navy requirements. MDC will evaluate the effectiveness of various types and configurations of piezo-sensor materials, perform sensor placement optimization, and develop customized algorithms for this guided wave based system. Finally, MDC will collaborate with Northrop Grumman to demonstrate the selected configuration using platform-relevant materials, and assess the performance.

X-wave Innovations, Inc.
407 Upshire Circle
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 948-8351
Dan Xiang
N122-125      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:A Low-Cost, Hybrid Acoustic-Ultrasonic Technique for In-situ Bondline Condition Monitoring
Abstract:To address the US Navy's need for an innovative nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and structural health monitoring (SHM) technique for in-situ monitoring of bondline integrity for composite structures, X-wave Innovations, Inc. (XII) and Drexel University (DU) propose a low-cost, hybrid acoustic-ultrasonic technique (HAUT). The enabling NDE/SHM technique will allow the in-situ monitoring of the integrity of bondline, including composite to composite bonding and composite to metal bonding, from production to operation. For the Phase I program, XII will focus on prototyping a system and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed HAUT technique. By the end of Phase I, we will show a working version of the HAUT prototype and have its performance evaluated. For the Phase II program, XII will refine the prototype system design and development with improved hardware and software. At the end of Phase II, we will deliver a final HAUT prototype to the Navy for further evaluation. For the Phase III program, XII will focus on collaborating with our commercial partners to improve the HAUT technology and package it into to a turnkey commercially-available system.

Benz Airborne Systems
2400 Handley-Ederville Road
Fort Worth, TX 76118
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 280-0000
Mike Augustin
N122-126      Awarded: 11/8/2012
Title:Innovative Method for Wirelessly Powering RFID Tags Located on Rotorcraft
Abstract:Benz Airborne Systems is pleased to provide a comprehensive plan for integrating RF power charging/re-charging technologies with the long range read capabilities of semi-passive RFID. Several methods for RF power transmission have been considered and are summarized in this proposal. Our research will be on antenna performance at RFID-scale tag sizes. The resulting tags must be compatible with components in complex metallic aerospace applications. Dual/independent antennas should be avoided given size constraints, even if lower or high frequency charging schemes are contemplated. Benz has expertise in these areas including extensive full scale helicopter evaluations of RFID technology by its principal investigator. In addition to the fundamental problem of antenna design and performance, the end parts tracking application requires careful consideration to the full set of the systems physical and operational requirements. To provide a viable transition path for the tag technology, Benz has partnered with leading RFID ASIC supplier TEGO, who will fabricate breadboard hardware to our specifications, and ultimately a tag meeting Navy parts tracking and maintenance requirements. Consideration will be given to the development of flexible and/or embedded tags using MesoScribes Direct Write technology. Finally, the tag design will be compatible with DOD UID part marking initiatives.

PaneraTech
2259 Village Crossing Drive Ste 302
Falls Church, VA 22043
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 429-1208
Alex Ruege
N122-126      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Wirelessly Powered Smart RFID Tag (WiPST)
Abstract:We are proposing a Wirelessly Powered Smart Tag (WiPST) that integrates a miniaturized novel antenna with a high efficiency rectifier circuit. Our proposed design integrates our latest breakthrough developments in highly efficient rectifier design and wireless power transfer unit. We will leverage our years of experience in designing wireless sensor systems and packaging for harsh environments to ensure a WiPST packaging that can endure demanding environmental requirements of the rotorcraft platform. Our Phase I research will also focus on developing and demonstrating the key components of the WiPST system.

Technical Data Analysis, Inc.
3190 Fairview Park Drive Suite 650
Falls Church, VA 22042
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 226-4070
Nagaraja Iyyer
N122-126      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Innovative Method for Wirelessly Powering RFID Tags Located on Rotorcraft
Abstract:TDAs research during this SBIR will incorporate the two main types of RFID technology: passive and active RFID systems. During previous research, TDA has shown that passive systems present challenges with respect to effective read range, as well as performance in a metal-rich environment. However, TDA believes that the performance of these systems can be enhanced via beam forming, impedance matching, and back scatter boosting techniques, as well as tag placement optimization. Similarly, TDA has shown that implementation of active tag systems is hindered by large tag form factors as well as undesirable battery maintenance requirements. TDA intends to research alternative means of powering these active tags, such as wireless power transmission. In addition, a major goal of this research will be to design and develop an ultra-low energy, solar powered active tag. By pursuing parallel lines of research in both active and passive technologies, TDA will be able to develop and recommend a complete and optimized system for the unique application of rotorcraft component tracking and sensing.

H6 Systems Inc.
55 Lake Street
Nashua, NH 03060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 880-4190
Michael Hunter
N122-127      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:COMPACT RAPIDLY ADJUSTING FILTER
Abstract:Coupled cavity TWTs offer a near solution to the peak/average power test requirements of MIL-STD-464 and MIL-HDBK-235. They fall short by their inadvertent generation of low- power (

H6 Systems Inc.
55 Lake Street
Nashua, NH 03060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 880-4190
Michael Hunter
N122-127      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:CROSSED FIELD AMPLIFIER TRANSMITTER
Abstract:An update of MIL-STD-464 and MIL-HDBK-235 has lowered the Peak E-field and raised the average E-field requirements for susceptibility testing of aircraft. The equipment presently used for testing was not designed to cover both peak and average power to this extent. While it might be possible to achieve coverage by adding multiple devices, it would be more convenient and economical to achieve coverage with a single device at each frequency range. H6 Systems proposes to develop a multi-tube transmitter that is optimized for susceptibility testing and meets power requirements in a particular frequency range. Such a system would be desirable for use at government test centers such as Dahlgren, Redstone, Patuxent River and White Sands.

InnoSys
2900 South Main Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84115
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 975-7399
Larry Sadwick
N122-127      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:High Powered RF Sources
Abstract:It is desirable for the standard Intersystem EMC electromagnetic environments that aircraft must operate in and demonstrate survivability of prior to production and deployment to be a single environment that provides both peak and average field level tests at the same time (instead of splitting the standard RF environment into a peak and an average field level test) just like the aircraft would see when deployed. We propose to develop under this SBIR a device and system that shall meet both the peak and average E-field levels at each of the four standard environments given within the MIL-STD-464 and MIL-HDBK-235 capable of generating a peak of 100 Kilowatts and average field of 1000 Watts. With our proposed approach, the extremely high peak power is still produced while at the same time the desired average power is also produced by a single device. The device and associated system shall also provide an illumination area of at least two foot by two foot on target at not less than ten feet separation distance. In addition, the proposed device approach minimizes the power supply requirement to be lower than for any other types of equivalent vacuum electronics devices including traveling wave tube (TWTs).

International Mezzo Technologies, Inc
7167 Florda Blvd
Baton Rouge, LA 70806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(225) 706-0191
Charles Becnel
N122-128      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Efficient and Lightweight Cryogenic Gas Heat Exchanger
Abstract:Mezzo Technologies fabricates high performance micro tube heat exchangers. In this proposal, Mezzo proposes to fabricate a heat exchanger to interface between helium, which is the working fluid used to cool a variety of superconducting components on Navy vessels in the future that will require cryogenic cooling, and cold neon gas, which is supplied by a Reverse Brayton cryocooler. Mezzo's approach, which builds upon a previous effort for the Missile Defense Agency as well as continuously evolving manufacturing capablity will result in a unit which can cool 20 grams/second of helium at 2000 kPa, with an effectiveness of greater than 90%, very low pressure drops, and with a weight of approximately 10 pounds. The material costs associated with this unit will be substantially less than $1k, and the acquisition costs will meet the goal specified in the solicitation. The unit will also be compact and extremely robust.

NanoTechLabs Inc.
409 W. Maple St.
Yadkinville, NC 27055
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 849-7474
Matthew Craps
N122-128      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Lightweight, High Efficiency Cryogenic Heat Exchanger
Abstract:Through this effort, NanoTechLabs Inc. will improve the efficiency and lower the mass of the cryogenic heat exchanger used in American Superconductor's High Temperature Superconducting Degaussing system. NanoTechLabs will achieve these goals by producing a Carbon Nanotube metal matrix composite. Carbon Nanotubes have a room temperature thermal conductivity of ~3000 W/m K and a density of ~1.3 grams per cubic centimeter. NanoTechLabs will work with American Superconductor to achieve the highest improvements in efficiency and mass reduction. American Superconductor will ensure that our test pieces produced will get the most relevant testing available.

Ultramet
12173 Montague Street
Pacoima, CA 91331
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 899-0236
Arthur Fortini
N122-128      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Advanced Foam-Based Cryogenic Heat Exchanger
Abstract:Cryogenic heat exchangers for cooling gaseous helium are hampered by the fact that helium is a low-density gas. As a result, heat transfer coefficients tend to be low. To compensate for this, Ultramet will design and fabricate an open-cell foam-based heat exchanger using technology that was originally developed for high-power microwave integrated circuits for naval radars. In that application, heat fluxes over 1 kW/cm2 were absorbed by the foam while simultaneously maintaining a surface temperature of only 53C. Using the models that were developed in that work, an analogous system will be developed using low-cost, high thermal conductivity foams. By using foams to create a compact heat exchanger, the heat exchange surface area can be increased by two orders of magnitude relative to a parallel-plate heat exchanger, and the overall effectiveness of the heat exchanger can be increased by roughly a factor of five.

Hy-Tek Manufacturing Co. Inc.
1998 Bucktail Lane
Sugar Grove, IL 60554
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 466-7664
John Bastian
N122-129      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Improved Retractable Mooring Fixture (IRMF)
Abstract:Hy-Tek Manufacturing Co. Inc. (HMC) proposes a superior renovation solution for the DDG-51 class ships retractable mooring fixtures; namely bitt and chock assemblies. There are two major areas where technology advancements can be made that not only provide reliable bitts and chocks for use onboard U.S. Navy ships, but also have implications for other military and commercial applications. The first is the application of high lubricity, lubricant free, composite bearing surfaces on cylindrical and linear bearing surfaces; the second involves the use of advanced sealing technology to provide operational integrity even under highly dynamic load force fluctuations and extreme environmental conditions.

Mide Technology Corporation
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Marthinus Schoor
N122-129      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Retractable Advanced Mooring System (RAMS)
Abstract:Retractable mooring fixtures are a critical component on the flight deck of a DDG51 class Navy ship. The chocks and bitts must be recessed below the deck level for helicopter operations, while reliably and easily deployed for mooring situations. The current mooring fixtures do not stand up to the highly corrosive environment of the flight deck and the lack of maintenance reduces the reliability of their performance. Mids Retractable Advanced Mooring System (RAMS) aims to make the mooring fixtures corrosion resistant to reduce/eliminate required maintenance and increase the reliability so they can easily be deployed when necessary. Eliminating maintenance allows for reduced manpower while also lowering the lifetime cost and extending the overall life of the fixtures. RAMS will also ease the deployment of the mooring fixtures, allowing for simplified and reliable use. Mid proposes to leverage its success with bulkhead shaft seals on the DDG51 class ship to further reduce unnecessary maintenance on the ship so that focus and time can be spent on more critical operations. Mids knowledge of sealing in highly corrosive environments and ability to simulate those functions using in-house test equipment makes RAMS a strong candidate to solve the current problem for the Navy.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6082
Michael Ellis
N122-130      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Silent Cooling Technologies for Submarine Electronics
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes to develop a thermal management system for cabinet cooling that focuses on the use of silent and primarily passive cooling methods. The passive cooling methods selected have inherently low thermal resistances and will allow the ultimate heat sink to operate at a temperature significantly higher than the current solution. A higher temperature sink allows for a reduction in the volumetric flow rate of air required for cooling. The goal is to either completely eliminate the need for forced convection at the ultimate sink or significantly reduce the required flow rate. Doing so will enable the use of natural convection only or large diameter, low speed fans, respectively. Both of which will reduce the noise produced by the electronics cabinets while still providing the cooling required by the electronics. ACT will work with our partner to customize the cabinet design for integration of the proposed thermal management system. This customization will include optimization of air flow paths for natural convection, if feasible. At the end of Phase I, ACT will provide an advanced cabinet design with an integrated, silent thermal management system for review by Navy personnel.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
David Sykes
N122-130      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Development of an Active Electronics Enclosure Thermal Management System
Abstract:As shipboard control electronics continue to evolve, electronic systems inevitably incur hardware changes. However, these system changes often require sound recertification of the electronics enclosure, which can be a very costly and time-consuming process. Therefore, it is desirable to build a silent electronics enclosure to avoid the recertification process. Mainstream proposes developing an active thermal management system for shipboard control electronics for Ohio-class submarines that can acquire heat from air- cooled components and reject it to the ambient environment. We estimate that the enclosure will operate below typical quiet room sound levels (40 dBA), which is less than 1/8th of currently used exposed tubeaxial fans. In Phase I, Mainstream will design the TMS, as well as experimentally demonstrate its functionality in our environmentally-controlled facilities. In Phase II, Mainstream will further optimize the cooling system and produce a pre-production environmentally-sealed enclosure with integral TMS. The proposed TMS leverages COTS components and Mainstreams design expertise, leading to a low-risk, high-reward program capable of rapid transition to the Navy for Ohio-class submarines.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0148
Fritz Friedersdorf
N122-131      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Autonomous Foam Monitoring and Control for VCHT Systems
Abstract:Vacuum collection, holding and transfer (VCHT) systems are used on the newest Navy ships to reduce collected sewage volume to achieve desired holding capability when operating in littoral waters where discharge is restricted. Vacuum collection systems use sewage powered ejectors to discharge urinal and water closet waste into holding tanks that are vented to atmosphere. These high velocity multiphase flows from sewage powered ejectors can cause foam buildup. Luna and our team members BIW, Evac and Nalco propose to resolve the holding tank foaming issues by developing an automated foam detection and control system that is compatible with existing and future VCHT systems. The foam control system will be based on novel induction sensors with embedded processing to automatically recognize foam generation. The sensor will be robust to survive the demanding VCHT environment, and sensitive enough to discriminate foaming from fouling and normal tank conditions. When a foaming event is detected, the system will initiate delivery of environmentally compliant defoamer and antifoaming agents via an automated chemical delivery system that is integrated with the VCHT system.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Samuel Nieva
N122-131      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Automated Non-Destructive Foam Sense and Control Unit
Abstract:To address the Navys need for a defoaming system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Automated Non-Destructive Foam Sense and Control Unit (DEFOAM) based on a novel low- and high-power ultrasonic detection and mitigation technique. The novelty of POCs DEFOAM system lies in its multi-transducer beamforming approach, which results in a nonlinear effect at the intersection of multiple acoustic beams. This approach forms localized pressure and force gradients, which disintegrate the foam. Moreover, the system is entirely external, as it can operate through tank walls; it is also completely automatic, eliminating humans-in-the-loop. POCs DEFOAM does not use any chemical agents nor does it require any modifications to existing tanks; it does not require opening the tanks to feed in deforming chemical agents. The DEFOAM system reduces shipboard crew labor and therefore, maintenance and ownership costs, directly addressing Navy requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of foam detection and counteraction capabilities by developing and testing a limited-capability DEFOAM prototype. In Phase II, POC will expand on this development, producing a fully advanced and field- deployable DEFOAM system, ready for certification and qualification, that meets the performance goals developed in Phase I.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Mike Worsham
N122-132      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Advanced Ballistic Shielding for Crew Served Weapons Stations
Abstract:In a Phase I effort, Corvid Technologies will develop and test candidates for a series of advanced ballistic shields for crew served weapons stations intended to replace heavy, cumbersome shielding that does not meet required specifications. Current armor production efforts by Corvid will be leveraged, which share similar ballistic and environmental requirements. Corvid also offers a unique approach, which leads to a compressed development cycle and reduced cost and time required to go from concept to highly effective prototype, by employing High Fidelity Computation Physics (HFCP) simulation and a fundamental understanding of penetration mechanics to maximize stopping capability and multi-hit endurance while minimizing weight and cost. Our in-house industrial design team will ensure that human factors and shipboard integration requirements are met. Our in- house armor prototyping capabilities and partnerships with ballistic testing facilities will allow a path forward to a successful Phase II.

GS Engineering, Inc.
47500 US Hwy 41
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-1235
Glen Simula
N122-132      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Advanced Ballistic Shielding for Crew Served Weapons Stations
Abstract:The Navy in support of the sailor has identified the need for an advanced ballistic shield for Crew Served Weapons Stations that will allow for a required level of ballistic protection without interfering with other shipboard duties that need to be performed. This proposed system will protect the sailor from the increased asymmetric threats that are faced on the high seas as well as during close shore or in port operations by either being reconfigurable or non configurable. GS Engineering has a solid understanding of the challenges of this effort as well as the technologies and materials that should be utilized to fulfill the design requirements. GS Engineering will propose a family of ballistic shields that provide the required level of protection while being reconfigurable to allow for line handling and underway replenishment (UNREP). These same shields will be designed for shipboard design conditions such as wave force. GS Engineering will leverage its actual successful program experience as well as SBIR experience in developing and integrating ballistic solutions for tactical vehicles coupled with our experience in naval operations to deliver a technically innovative solution that meets or exceeds the program requirements.

Kinetic Protection
4700 McDonald Drive Place
Stillwater, MN 55082
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 336-7265
Erik Crawford
N122-132      Awarded: 11/15/2012
Title:Advanced Ballistic Shielding for Crew Served Weapons Stations
Abstract:Kinetic Resolve, Inc. (KR; Stillwater, MN), a service disabled veteran-owned small business, and The Protective Group (TPG; Miami Lakes, FL), a developer of lightweight armor solutions for the Department of Defense, have agreed to work together by forming Kinetic Protection (KP), a limited partnership, to rapidly develop and integrate a system of lightweight, reconfigurable and non-reconfigurable advanced ballistic shields for crew served weapons stations (CSWS) for Navy vessels including CVN 68 class ships. A unique composite materials system will allow this team to develop a solution that meets or exceeds the required ballistic protection while being able to withstand the uniquely harsh environment present on seaborne vessels (e.g., wave slap). This composite materials system, being metallic in nature, simplifies the design of a reconfigurable system which KP has identified as a key element of this effort. The Phase I effort will include an engineering analysis and design of several potential configurations, which ultimately will be down-selected to include both a reconfigurable and non-reconfigurable design. The Phase I Option will optimize and demonstrate ballistic performance of the unique composite armor system, leading to the fabrication and delivery of a functional prototype as part of a Phase II award.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 356-1671
Stan Driggs
N122-133      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Enhanced De-Interleavers for Submarine Electronic Warfare Support (ES) Systems
Abstract:The objective of the proposed program is to develop innovative algorithms and techniques to automatically detect, classify, and uniquely identify emitters exhibiting multi-dimensional agilities, extremely wide band RF distribution, high time-bandwidth coherent characteristics, and solid state power amplifier technologies. The proliferation of agile emitter types has surpassed the ability of current EW systems to de-interleave and identify emitters in a dense and complex signal environment. Improved automated signal analysis and emitter classification is required to maintain an accurate real-time view of the environment, thus allowing the Electronic Warfare Support operator to perform his primary missions of maintaining ship safety and providing complete situational awareness to decision makers. Our goal is to develop an open architecture solution that can support multiple sensors and is easily extensible to address the evolution of future radars.

Research Associates of Syracuse
111 Dart Circle
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Gary Kapps
N122-133      Awarded: 10/16/2012
Title:Enhanced De-Interleavers for Submarine Electronic Warfare Support (ES) Systems
Abstract:This SBIR develops new innovative clustering and de-interleaving algorithms, leverages and refines existing algorithms and software, and integrates them within an open architecture framework to address a wide variety of radar signal classes for a submarine EW/ISR application. The proposed effort addresses several challenging emitter waveform classes for which current approaches are noted to have problems (per solicitation). This effort leverages RAS Multi-Algorithm Unique Emitter ID SBIR Phase I/II and end-to-end Directed ELINT Process (DEP) software modules (C/C++ and MATLAB) for clustering, RF Agile clustering, cluster correlation, track association, and emitter typing. It exploits previously developed Specific Emitter Features (SEF), not only for Specific Emitter ID (SEI), but also for cluster correlation, specific emitter tracking (SET) and RF agile processing. Approaches are assessed and selected for PHASE II software development and demonstration within the Processing Layer of the NAVSEA NexGen EW system architecture concept. Interface and control software, operating within an Ozone Widget Framework, enables automatic system operation to minimize operator interaction (with manual override and configuration control) provide high confidence emitter processing and reporting. After Phase II, RAS will work with platform primes and the government to install and demonstrate the technology on a suitable submarine platform testbed.

Propel LLC
189 Governor Street Suite 202
PROVIDENCE, RI 02906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 751-2216
Clare King
N122-134      Awarded: 3/18/2013
Title:Seam Engineering: Stitchless Seam Technology
Abstract:Propel LLC proposes to systematically investigate novel stitchless seam technologies with the potential to be used for the design and engineering of existing US Navy clothing end- items. Propel will develop sample seams using the identified stitchless technologies and use these samples to evaluate and rank the novel technologies according to performance test data. Other ranking criteria will also be included, such as cost, domestic availability, equipment requirements and technology readiness level. At least one promising technology from the evaluation and ranking efforts will be down selected for Phase II efforts. The project objective will be a reduction in weight and bulk, while at the same time enhancing performance characteristics such as durability, stiffness, dimensional stability and abrasion resistance, with the existing Navy Working Uniform Parka as the baseline for comparison. The project will seek to down select a stitchless technology that does not compromise moisture vapor transfer, and is able to enhance the ergonomics of the clothing to the user. Propel will also review current test methods for stitched technologies and develop new approaches as needed for the evaluation of stitchless technologies.

Avogy, Inc.
677 River Oaks Pkwy
San Jose, CA 95134
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 684-5223
Don Disney
N122-135      Awarded: 12/11/2012
Title:High Power Vertical Gallium Nitride (GaN) Transistors on Native GaN Substrates for Power Switching Applications
Abstract:Avogy has a unique approach to producing vertical GaN-on-GaN power devices that have fundamental advantages over silicon, silicon carbide, and lateral GaN devices. With this SBIR funding, we will demonstrate the feasibility of a normally-off vertical GaN transistor with a blocking voltage over 5000V, a threshold voltage greater than 1V, and specific on- resistance less than 30 mohm-cm2.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5032
Tim Hawes
N122-136      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Automated PrOduct GEneration and Enrichment (APOGEE)
Abstract:Creating information products to answer Tell Me About questions requires the ability to identify key pieces of information relevant to a complex set of content requirements. Complicating matters, these key pieces of information are scattered across data stores and buried in huge volumes of data. This results in the current predicament analysts find themselves; information retrieval and management consumes huge amounts of time that could be better spent performing analysis. The persistent growth in data accumulation rates will only increase the amount of time spent on these tasks without a significant advance in automated solutions for information product generation.We propose a system called Automated PrOduct GEneration and Enrichment (APOGEE). APOGEE automates the creation of information products; learning the creation process by example. There are three stages to APGOEEs workflow; first, using clustering and other machine learning techniques APOGEE learns the content models for a range of information products; next, using a search-and-align based methodology, APOGEE maps the content models to the semantic structure underlying unstructured text; finally, APOGEE uses the learned content model and semantic mapping to automatically generate new information products. All this can be done on the fly without requiring predefined information product templates or ontologies.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Timothy Darr
N122-136      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Query Language for Analytic Product Support (Q-LAPS)
Abstract:The tremendous amount of information available to the analyst is both an opportunity and a problem. Clearly, more information provides analysts with a better foundation for their analyses. However, as the amount of information increases, analysts are finding it more and more difficult to take advantage of the wealth of information, due to the difficulty in extracting the information that they need at the time that they need it, in order to produce actionable intelligence to assist planners and warfighters. Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) proposes to conduct research leading to a Query Language for Analytic Product Support (Q-LAPS) that enables analysts to effectively query unstructured and semi-structured data sets for information that is relevant and timely for generating analytic products. The proposed approach strikes a balance between the need for high quality and accurate results and ease of use and minimal training for the analyst.

Language Computer Corporation
2435 N. Central Expressway Suite 1200
Richardson, TX 75080
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 231-0052
Michael Mohler
N122-136      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Tell Me About
Abstract:Our proposed work addresses the significant challenges in providing responses to complex tell me about questions that intelligently consolidate relevant information into a finished dossier. We will induce the semantic signature of the question target by using relevant sample intelligence reports to derive a set of information requirements which will be used to create a finished dossier. These information requirements will drive the retrieval of relevant textual passages which will be semantically enriched using novel approaches to relation discovery and frame induction. The entities and events discovered in these enriched passages will then be linked to a structured knowledge base allowing for the addition of pre- processed factoids about related entities and events. Finally, this information will be fused into a final, finished dossier which will provide a rich source of links and information for the analyst. We will explore a hybrid strategy with ties to research in Automatic Wikipedia generation that will augment and enhance LCCs existing state-of-the-art Ferret QA system. In addition, we will leverage existing state-of-the-art natural language understanding and content extraction in order to acquire the semantic and pragmatic information necessary to satisfies the demands of todays information analysts with a single finished dossier.

Smart Information Flow Technologies, d/b/a SIFT
211 N 1st St. Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 718-1964
David McDonald
N122-136      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:GROK: Generating Reports On Knowledge
Abstract:The proposed technology: GROK (Generating Reports On Knowledge)combines existing open source research tools to automatically generatereports from a dynamically changing set of documents. GROK presentsthe generated reports with a novel, uncluttered interface designed tosave the analyst time in consuming the knowledge in the report, andfinding the next piece of knowledge they need. The approach works bycataloging not only the knowledge it finds in the source documents,but how that knowledge was presented. In essence GROK augments themachine knowledge representation with a catalog of different approachesto express that knowledge. The expression catalog spans the wholecorpus, allowing GROK to properly present domain specific vernacular.GROK also automatically builds up a flexible context which the analystcan intuitively manipulate to produce concise reports focused on onlythe information they need.

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 213-6184
VC Ramesh
N122-136      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Cloud-Based Tell-Me-About Q&A System
Abstract:The essence of the problem is to allow military intelligence and operations staff to pose tell me about questions concerning an entity, and obtain a finished information product. There are 4 main technical challenges / sub-problems: a) Question content modeling: The question needs to be semantically mapped to an ontology. b)Semantic enrichment of unstructured text: Unstructured data (text, images etc.) needs to be marked-up with semantic tags that relate the content to the ontology. c)Sufficiency tracking of discovered content: Relevant content needs to be discovered and its sufficiency evaluated as an adequate response to the question. d)Presentation of finished product: The answer needs to be presented as a report in a familiar format such as MS Office or Adobe PDF. We present a cloud-based approach to address all these issues.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4800
Raghvendra Cowlagi
N122-137      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Team Performance Metrics for Command and Control of Unmanned Systems
Abstract:The primary objective of the proposed research is to develop, and to demonstrate the feasibility of a mathematically rigorous approach for modeling and evaluating human supervisory control of multiple unmanned and/or autonomous vehicles. This high-level objective is decomposed into three inter-related goals: (1) the development of a mathematical model of human supervisory control, for individual operators as well as for cooperative teams of operators, (2) the study of team performance metrics induced by comparing the teams operation and the overall system operation against baseline operations, with all of these operations represented quantitatively using the aforesaid models, and (3) the identification of diagnostic information from these induced metrics and the identification of feedback information from these metrics for improving the performance of the team of operators. A secondary objective of the proposed work is to develop a framework that enables clear and precise definitions of the concepts of futuristic operations, such that this definition directly influences various elements within the models and, by consequence, the induced metrics of supervisory control.

Pacific Science & Engineering Group, Inc.
9180 Brown Deer Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 535-1661
Ronald Moore
N122-137      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Team Performance Metrics for Command and Control of Unmanned Systems
Abstract:In todays world, unmanned vehicles play ever-increasing roles in the military, firefighting, deep-sea and space exploration, and border defense. There is often a one-to-one ratio between operator and these unmanned vehicles; in some systems, an entire team of humans is required to operate a single vehicle. The Navys ambitious future vision of autonomous vehicles and sensors involves tens even hundreds of vehicles and sensors being supervised by a single individual or very small team. To achieve this radical shift will require innovative new methods of monitoring, managing, and coordinating these vehicles and sensors and a significant change in the current concept of operations. Whereas todays unmanned vehicles or sensors serve primarily as a remote extension of their operators and have very little autonomy, tomorrows autonomous vehicles and sensors will serve more as active, thinking members in a vast, distributed, multi-echelon team supervised and directed by a human(s). Measuring and optimizing the performance of such human/machine teams in real time will require new kinds of metrics and methods of measurement. This proposal outlines a plan for developing and validating the required metrics and methods by way of a new concept for structuring the data and information exchanged between human and machine.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
N122-137      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Causal Model-based Measurement and Visualization System (CMVS) for Team Performance in Command and Control of Unmanned Systems
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a Causal Model-based Measurement and Visualization System (CMVS) for Team Performance in Command and Control of Unmanned Systems. CMVS will include methods, metrics, displays, and quantitative analysis to diagnose, visualize, and help remedy deficiencies in performance of both individual operators and teams who manage dispersed heterogeneous unmanned systems. Unmanned vehicles (UVs) are being developed and fielded at an unprecedented rate; but maximizing the benefits of autonomous or semi-autonomous robotic vehicles requires smooth integration of decisions by UV operators, consumers of the information provided by the UVs, and other command and control personnel. CMVS will identify the critical new dimensions of manned/unmanned team performance, develop metrics for capturing them in real-time scenarios and operations, integrate the metrics into a valid overall evaluation, and show how the evaluations may be used for recommendations regarding personnel, training, technology, training, and/or aiding. The key to our approach is the innovative use of an evidence-based causal decision model. The model will provide a basis for diagnosing deficiencies and recommending remedies that is grounded in cutting edge research on individual cognition, team process, and automation management. In addition, the model will provide for an integrated team performance measurement system.

SA Technologies, Inc.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 565-9859
Debra Jones
N122-137      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Team Performance Metrics for Command and Control of Unmanned Systems
Abstract:The increase in unmanned systems, also known as UxVs, on the battlefield creates the need for coordinated activity among multiple UxVs that work effectively in collaboration with the Warfighters who must be able to rapidly and easily command their operations, insure their compliance with intent in a highly unpredictable world, and receive needed situation awareness (SA) from their sensors. In order to move toward a lower, more efficient UxV to operator ratio, it is critical that we develop a better understanding of real time hybrid human- UxV team performance, so that key decision makers can assess transaction efficiencies given autonomy and control parameters. Unfortunately, little has been done to develop robust and valid metrics of hybrid human-UxV team performance. A key to improving the performance of human-UxV teams, then, lies in developing these metrics so that decision makers can assess performance in real time through intuitive visualizations. To meet this need, SA Technologies proposes to use both their performance measurement assessment system developed in past research and their cutting edge, principled situation awareness- oriented design process (SAOD) to develop a theoretically-derived Actionable Performance Evaluation Index (APEX) analysis and visualization tool. APEX will facilitate peak performance for hybrid human-UxV teams.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 612-2333
Randy Paffenroth
N122-138      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Interactive Generative Manifold Learning
Abstract:Nonlinear manifold learning is an active area of mathematical research. Unfortunately, the extant literature has far less to offer on the problem of interactive nonlinear manifold learning. In other words, satisfactory nonlinear manifold learning approaches that put the ``human in the loop' are yet to be fully developed. Human steering of such calculations promises several advantages including, leveraging human expertise in sparse data environments, maximizing efficiency by allowing computational resources to be focused on areas of interest to the user, and augmenting the amount of useful information the user can glean from large and complicated data sets. Several questions immediately present themselves. What if the data is too voluminous to be processed all at once? What if one does not have all possible data at hand and must decide what additional data would be the most informative to synthesize, or to acquire? How does one best take advantage of the user's expertise and inject it into the problem? These considerations lead one inexorably to five core interactions between the user and the manifold learning algorithm that are not fully addressed in current manifold learning algorithms, namely: interpolation, extension, resampling, extrapolation, and visualization of the data by the user.

ObjectVideo
11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Suite # 290
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 654-9352
Ping Wang
N122-138      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Interactive Generative Manifold Learning
Abstract:Exploratory data analysis is the foremost step in selecting appropriate statistical learning algorithms specialized to a dataset. We have proposed a generative framework for visualizing high dimensional data as low-dimensional manifold embedded in a high dimensional space. The method allows user to conveniently explore the space using fewer dimensions while still capturing the principal modes of variations of the high dimensional data. Specifically, we employ Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model (GPLVM) and Spectral Latent Variable Model (SLVM) to learn low-dimensional representations of the data. Probabilistic mappings between the embeddings and the original space facilitate efficient interpolation in the latent space as well as fast visualization of the interpolated latent points in the original space. To allow the user to span the manifold in an intuitive manner, we develop supervised and semi-supervised tools to relate the latent space to the meaningful feature space. These enable computation of principle direction for each point in the latent space to allow the user to traverse in a meaningful way. Further, we have proposed a principled approach to extrapolate the latent space by predicting the manifold structure in regions lying outside the existing domain of the data.

Plain Sight Systems Inc
19 Whitney Avenue
New Haven, CT 06510
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 285-8617
Ronald Coifman
N122-138      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Online Interactive Generative Multiscale Manifold Learning
Abstract:One of the main obstacles to the useful exploitation of dimensionality reduction, both linear and nonlinear, is the lack of effective synthesis methods to generate examples in the original exploitation space, as opposed to the low dimensional parameter space. The ability to interactively navigate in the appropriate relevant low dimensional representation, and simultaneously observe the related original data modality would enable both sensor fusion and enhanced recognition and identification. Our team has developed an initial theoretical framework that promises to provide this ability, which we propose to demonstrate as Fast Online Interactive Generative Multiscale Manifold Learning.

Signal Innovations Group, Inc.
4721 Emperor Blvd. Suite 330
Durham, NC 27703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 323-3452
Patrick Rabenold
N122-138      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Interactive Generative Manifold Learning
Abstract:Signal Innovations Group proposes a hierarchical Bayesian approach for non-linear dimensionality reduction that addresses three key challenges: learning a reversible mapping from a high-dimensional observed space to a low-dimensional embedded space, learning the dimension of the embedded space, and generating new high-dimensional data for a given location in the embedded space. The proposed generative approach is statistical and jointly learns the probabilistic reversible mapping and the dimension of the embedded space. The proposed approach also enables new high-dimensional data to be embedded in a previously learned low-dimensional space. A hierarchical Bayesian method is also proposed to learn a non-linear dynamic model in the low-dimensional space, allowing joint analysis of multiple types of dynamic data, synthesis of new dynamic data in the low-dimensional space, and mapping synthesized data to the high-dimensional observation space. The models are designed to uncover the relevant characteristics and structure of data through non-linear dimensionality reduction, which enables a human analyst to identify and explore the characteristics in the low-dimensional manifold space and generate new unobserved high- dimensional data.

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 448-3253
Scott Jensen
N122-139      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Cost-Effective Technologies for Fabrication of PiezoCrystal Vector Velocity Sensors
Abstract:Applied Physical Sciences (APS) has developed a plan to improve the design and development of submarine towed array vector sensors that employ single crystal accelerometers so that they meet Navy specifications, but do so at significantly lower cost relative to earlier variants. Tasks in the Phase I study include developing a comprehensive cost-model which will ascertain the feasibility of various fabrication approaches for all the components that comprise the entire sensor. As a part of this process, APS has teamed with TRS Technologies to evaluate innovative electroding and bonding techniques to reduce the costs single crystal accelerometers. With that, the proposed effort centers on a series of analytical and numerical evaluations, proof-of-concept experiments, and an assessement of a prototype vector sensor suitable for towed array applications.

Mide Technology Corporation
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Attila Lengyel
N122-139      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Cost Effective Manufacturing of Piezoelectric Acoustic Sensors (CEMPAS)
Abstract:Arrays of vector velocity sensors have exhibited major system improvements over traditional omnidirectional hydrophones in undersea acoustic sensing. Compact accelerometers made from relaxor piezoelectric crystals are the key element which allow for the improved functionality of the vector velocity sensor arrays. These relaxor piezoelectric crystals are extremely sensitive and compact; but manufacturing of sensors incorporating these crystals have traditionally been costly. Mids patented piezo manufacturing line and its over 20 years of experience with manufacturing piezoelectric packages makes them the ideal candidate to develop an effective and low cost manufacturing process for accelerometers incorporating relaxor piezoelectric materials. Mids proposed technology drastically reduces assembly needs for piezo based vector velocity sensors while improving the durability of the piezoelectric element. In the manufacturing process piezoelectric packages are produced with necessary electrical connection to the piezoelectric element embedded. Because of the large number of sensors required, Mids automated piezo production line provides the greatest potential for cost effective manufacturing

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Dave Baird
N122-139      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Cost-Effective Technologies for Fabrication of PiezoCrystal Vector Velocity Sensors
Abstract:Arrays of vector velocity sensors provide major system gains over legacy arrays of omnidirectional hydrophones in bottom moored and submarine/unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) towed applications. For example, the left-right ambiguity of legacy devices is eliminated and an array sensitivity null can be steered at a noisy source of interference making much quieter targets detectable. The exceptionally sensitive, compact accelerometers made possible by the new relaxor piezocrystals are the key enabler for this performance enhancement. Since these sensors are only millimeters in size and are required in large numbers, a major technical hurdle for this technology is to devise cost- effective ways to manufacture the vector sensor. A cost model, relating the component and touch labor costs, is needed for the various design options. Once the dominant cost drivers have been identified, approaches to reducing costs, either through reducing component or labor costs, are essential if the Navy is to benefit from the new technology.A variety of accelerometer designs are under development for these vector velocity sensors, for example, cantilevered-beams, shear-mode, and pressure-gradient devices. While acoustic performance is the primary driver in the choice of device configuration, cost will ultimately determine the acquisition choice.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Kevin Snook
N122-139      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Cost-Effective Technologies for Fabrication of PiezoCrystal Vector Velocity Sensors
Abstract:We propose to develop cost-effective velocity vector sensor technology by reducing costs to the accelerometers within the device. By optimizing both crystal and hardware, single crystal materials costs can be reduced. TRS will also evaluate assembly of sub-structures to reduce labor through automation (i.e. pick-and-place or other bulk processing). Through modeling and prototype assembly, and development of a cost model, key factors in accelerometer costs will be determined and possible solutions to reducing these will be provided at the end of the program. The prototype built will be compared with legacy devices to insure performance meets requirements.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Daniel Stouch
N122-140      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:SEASCAPE: System for Efficient Agile Signal Classification of Adversary Produced Emitters
Abstract:Tactical electromagnetic environments have become much more complex over the last two decades with a higher density of more diverse and more sophisticated emitters. Signals of interest are becoming much more frequency agile and have a lower probability of intercept, making it much harder to detect and identify them. To support the Navy in maintaining a combat advantage in dense signal environments, we propose a System for Efficient Agile Signal Classification of Adversary Produced Emitters, or SEASCAPE. SEASCAPE provides an energy-efficient, dynamic, hierarchical ensemble classifier that accurately fingerprints sophisticated emitters while characterizing detection uncertainty and reliability. SEASCAPE is supported by a signal processing workbench and a fusion module to evolve the classifier and its supporting feature sets over time as new agile signals of interest are encountered.

specom inc.
16885 West Bernardo Drive Suite 285
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 884-9523
Dragan Vuletic
N122-140      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Energy Efficient Signal Classifier for Dense Signal Environment
Abstract:Under the auspices of this SBIR program, Specom, Inc. intends to employ advanced Software Defined Radio (SDR) technology to develop deployable RF Emitter Detection and Classification capabilities that will enable USN and DoD SIGINT and communication systems to rapidly (and potentially in real-time) detect, recognize, identify and classify next generation agile, Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), Signals of Interest (SOI) within the dense RF environment anticipated in the electronic battlefield of the future. Where appropriate, the developed RF Emitter Detection and Classification capability will support the real-time dissemination of signal classification information to related wideband communications systems which will enable them to mitigate interference and intrusion issues that result from the SOI in real-time through the use of adaptive Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and Cognitive Radio (CR) techniques.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1632
Cenk Kose
N122-140      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Sub-Nyquist Classification of Frequency Agile Waveforms
Abstract:In this program, TrellisWare Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop a three-stage architecture that detects, identifies, and classifies frequency agile signals across extremely wide bandwidths (e.g., 10+ GHz). Using this architecture, signals hopping periodically across extremely wide bandwidths can be classified without resorting to a brute-force, computationally infeasible narrowbanding and energy detection approach. Although TrellisWare proposes to focus on off-line processing of synthetic data in Phase I and real- world data in Phase II, the proposed sub-Nyquist signal processing techniques would all support real-time operation in an FPGA-accelerated SIGINT analysis platform.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 770-8629
Bradley Walls
N122-141      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Predictive Model for Imaging Underwater Objects through the Air-Sea Interface
Abstract:The science of Mine Countermeasures (MCM) is a challenging and multidimensional problem that involves the detection and classification of sea mines both underwater and at the surface. In recent years, MCM has undergone dramatic advances in detector technology, computational power, and algorithmic maturity giving the potential for a never-before-seen capability to detect and classify sea mines. Essential to the continuing success for application of EO systems to the MCM problem is the ability to model targets in the marine environment to gain a better the understanding of target phenomenology. This will pave the way to better EO sensor designs and more robust detection and classification algorithms. Making high fidelity models and realistic simulations possible is the fundamental theory derived from numerous investigations into the details of radiative transfer within the ocean environment. Jerlov (1979), Gordo (1988), and Mobley (1993). However, McLean and Freeman (1996) extended these simple models to include wave effects of the ocean surface. Leveraging this research and well validated propagation models, Aret Associates will develop a robust, high-fidelity electro-optical radiative transfer model to predict the time- varying visibility of submerged objects.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 326-2828
Tom Giddings
N122-141      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Predictive Model for Imaging Underwater Objects through the Air-Sea Interface - MP 61-12
Abstract:The proposed effort seeks to leverage existing and potential future physical modeling efforts, and to develop new physical models as required, to provide a comprehensive simulation and performance prediction capability for airborne electro-optical imaging of submerged objects. A plan will be developed to integrate these models into Mine Warfare Command & Control software systems to provide tactically relevant system performance predictions to support mission planning and tactical decision making.

BTech Acoustics LLC
17 Surrey Rd.
Barrington, RI 02806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 261-3918
David Brown
N122-142      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Piezocrystal Gyroid Transducer
Abstract:We propose the design and development of a novel gyroid transducer comprised of piezocrystal ring elements. The Phase I effort covers the modeling and demonstration of the gyroid transducer and comparison of performance with several piezocrystal and piezoceramic materials. The electroacoustic performance will be estimated for several designs and a prototype element will be built and laboratory tested.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 359-4566
Jim Powers
N122-142      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Compact High-Power Broad-Band Spherical PiezoCrystal Acoustic Source for Countermeasures
Abstract:Acoustic countermeasures, deployed from ships and submarines, serve as decoys by mimicking the acoustic signature of the vessel. These autonomous devices require a highly efficient, high-power, broadband, compact acoustic source to achieve their goals. The combination of the most effective acoustic radiator design (i.e., a sphere) and the new high- coupling, high-strain relaxor piezocrystals provides an optimum combination to meet these exacting requirements. The technical challenge is to devise a cost-effective method of making a tiled approximation to a sphere. Other issues to be addressed, primarily by modeling, include specifically the actuation mode (d31 or d33) of the crystals, whether a fully active tiling is appropriate or whether some passive tiles should be included, and the implications of these choices for the drive electronics.In these applications both cylindrically and spherically shaped sources made from legacy piezoceramics have been employed with good results. Segmented cylinders of the relaxor piezocrystals provide a dramatic enhancement over the legacy piezoceramic cylinders, matching their acoustic performance in a package one hundredth the size requiring only half the energy. A tiled sphere (like a soccer ball) of piezocrystals will provide a similar step improvement over legacy piezoceramic technology.

TRS Ceramics, Inc.
2820 East College Avenue
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 238-7485
Kevin Snook
N122-142      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Compact Single Crystal Omnidirectional Acoustic Source for Countermeasures
Abstract:TRS proposes to develop a countermeasures transducer of approximate spherical shape from single crystal piezoelectrics from one of two designs. Using the advantages of different crystal modes, TRS can leverage knowledge from similar programs based on cylinders to produce small, high power and broadband projectors with uniform vertical and horizontal beam patterns. We will develop both the acoustic modeling and fabrication techniques and fixtures in Phase I, and build and test a prototype to demonstrate acoustic performance in water.

Hi-Test Laboratories, Inc
P.O. Box 87 1104 Arvon Rd.
Arvonia, VA 23004
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(307) 760-8799
Christopher Key
N122-143      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Analytical Processes for Predicting Nanosecond Response of Highly Rate-Sensitive Materials
Abstract:Ballistic and blast protection of both the crew and vital equipment onboard U.S. Navy surface ships and carriers is a critical component in the design of topside structures on these vessels. Materials such as glass, Plexiglas and polyurea are being considered and implemented for protection in these applications due to their low density and inherent damage mechanisms which absorb large amounts of energy under high-velocity impact or blast loading conditions. Likewise, these material systems are being used in layered or laminated configurations to exploit the benefits of each individual material. However, the ability to numerically simulate these materials constitutive and damage behavior does not readily exist in traditional analysis tools. Therefore, for this effort we have proposed to utilize and implement three new constitutive material models for conventional glass, PMMA, and polyurea/polyurethane. The material models will initially be implemented within the shock hydrocode CTH and will allow for more accurate simulation of ballistic impact events on the material systems of interest and also offer a more efficient armor system design approach.

Wasatch Molecular Inc.
825 North, 300 West Suite W003
Salt Lake City, UT 84103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 746-9258
Grant Smith
N122-143      Awarded: 10/25/2012
Title:Wasatch Molecular: Multiscale Computationally-Guided Design of Ballistic and Blast Resistant Layered Materials
Abstract:A multiscale modeling approach is proposed for the development and implementation of physics-based EOS and constitutive models within a multimaterials continuum modeling framework. Accurate EOS and rate-dependent constitutive (flow, yield stress, damage) models for plate glass, PMMA and segmented elastomers will be developed based upon equilibrium and non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations and will be validated through direct comparison of predicted impact behavior with experimental measurements. MD simulations will also facilitate development of improved interfacial models needed for prediction of wave propagation in multilayered materials. The material point method (MPM) will implement these models as well as improved 2- and 3-D crack propagation, fracture, failure and materials interface models, allowing for accurate numerical assessment and optimization of layered structures of various materials and geometries to resist ballistic and blast impact.

Icosystem Corporation
10 Fawcett St.
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 520-1020
Eric Bonabeau
N122-144      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Technologies for Enabling Warfighter Intuitive Decision Making
Abstract:Traditional concepts of neural-machine interface use brain signals as: control inputs; to assess neurocognitive states for modification of information delivery to improve human performance; to guide selection of image sets. We propose a revolutionary concept of interfacing Electrical Geodesics technology (sensors and brain signal analysis) with Icosystems interactive evolutionary computation (IEC) (search and decision support) for certain data mining and discovery tasks. IEC combines the unique ability of humans to instantly detect patterns with the computers ability to generate millions of solutions. This approach enables a significantly broader exploration of model space while always satisfying the model constraints. While the task described is simple for a proof-of-concept, the implications can dramatically improve the quality and thoroughness for a range of analytic and discovery tasks.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Paul Koola
N122-144      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:iSee
Abstract:iSee (IC the augmentation of intuitive decision making using Computation) is a framework that will enable accelerated, accurate intuitive Decision Making (iDM). Knowledge Based Systems, Inc. (KBSI) will model iDM based on the functioning of our brains to improve decision-making performance by enhancing the ability to see through the information clutter effectively. The goal is to blend rapid data processing capabilities of computers with intuitive decision making skills of humans to improve human information throughput and decision making laid out in this research topic.The KBSI iSee framework proposes to enhance intuitive decision making by leveraging the following technologies: Monitoring human cognitive state using non-intrusive sensors Processing information into a form that can be digested by the user under the existing conditions of stress Presenting individually customizable visualizations overlaid on the real world, and Alerting the user with additional subtle sensory feedback such as audio, vibration and olfactory The key feature is the use of ontology and Bayesian networks to capture mental models that can be used to process higher level tasks such as sensemaking and intelligent explanations that have not been addressed in detail in AugCog systems.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariners Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Terrance Goan
N122-144      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:An Immersive Approach to Intuitive Information Processing and Decision Making
Abstract:In recent years, research in the areas of human-computer interaction and cognitive psychology have revealed major shortcomings in software systems designed to support human analysts in processing large volumes of electronic information. In some cases, technologies developed to automatically fuse information have been found to obscure the nuances required for people to adequately make sense of an emerging situation. We instead propose to focus our attention on employing new instrumentation cost-effective technologies to monitor brain activity, eye gaze, and facial expressions in order to detect initial relevance as well as changes in user intent. These observations, interpreted through models of intuition and sensemaking, will enable the proposed system to alter information displays and the human-machine interaction in ways that not only reduce cognitive load but improve decision quality by enabling users to rapidly elaborate, question, evaluate, compare, and reframe their interpretations of data. During Phase I we will devise measures of intuition and pair them with appropriate sensor technologies. We will also demonstrate through limited experiments how these measures can be used to improve the speed and effectiveness of decision making.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Sam Nguyen
N122-145      Awarded: 2/11/2013
Title:Virtual Infrastructure for Reliable Ad hoc Mobile Network Architecture
Abstract:Military networks are composed of mobile nodes with different, often highly specialized mission functions and capabilities. But node mobility in a noisy, often-obstructed, adversarial communications environment causes nodes to lose contact with the network frequently and unpredictably. This SBIR proposes a Virtual Infrastructure for Reliable Ad hoc mobile (VIRAL) Network Architecture. VIRAL will be designed to provide distributed service in real time ad hoc fashion that is more scalable, robust against failure and allows synergistic use of resources. VIRAL network integrates the data centric storage approach with the distributed storage system to formulate the architecture that grants data access independent of changes in the network behavior and topology. VIRAL incorporates disruption tolerant network protocol to ensure that data is resistant to intermittent connectivity between nodes. By replicating data in multiple paths, VIRAL assures that the data is highly available even with node loss. VIRAL implements a unique authenticate and security features that would be secure from outside eavesdropping or loss of node to destruction, capture, or compromise by an enemy. Lastly, VIRAL has predefined metadata (a file that describes the contents and context of data files) and user defined metadata, so the data can be efficiently and selectively access.

Concentris Systems LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 238
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 781-2000
Tareq Hoque
N122-145      Awarded: 2/11/2013
Title:Data Storage and Transmission Strategies for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:The Department of Defense Joint Vision 2020 aims to create a force that is dominant across the full spectrum of military operations through information superiority. Achieving these objectives implies the ability to dynamically share and store data among potentially thousands of participants at the tactical edge, including users of Handheld, Manpack, and Small Form Fit (HMS) radios. However, this potentially exposes these platforms to capture, compromise, and cryptanalytic attacks.Concentris Systems proposes to leverage recent advances in peer-to-peer storage to provide a distributed data storage service for mobile ad hoc networks in which confidential information stored on individual nodes is not vulnerable to concerted cryptanalysis. The proposed system provides a generalized approach to discovery, replication, reliability, and availability for data in the tactical ad hoc network, and offers a roadmap for data persistence when connected to back-end enterprise networks. The solution will provide interoperability with key standards required by the DoD Network-Centric Operations objectives to ultimately produce a cost-effective, dual-use, commercially-viable product. The design and implementation of such a framework would greatly accelerate the realization of the DoDs Joint Vision 2020 objectives for highly mobile missions in non- traditional areas of operation.

InfoBeyond Technology LLC
Suite 220 10400 Linn Station Road
Louisville, KY 40223
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(502) 742-9770
Bin Xie
N122-145      Awarded: 2/11/2013
Title:Data Storage and Transmission Strategies for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Abstract:In the tactical wireless ad hoc network, all networking nodes are vulnerable to various security attacks. Therefore, the centralized data storage is unable to protect the tactical data once the storage device is compromised by an adversary. Distributed data storage is the alternative that the data are securely and reliably spread on the networking nodes with certain redundancy, offering high data protection and data resiliency. In this project, we developed Secure Distributed Data Storage (SD2S) by using Secret Share (SS) algorithm and Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) for mobile ad hoc networks. SD2S is a novel (n, t) data storage system where the proposed SS algorithm coverts the data into n shares. Each share leaks nothing on the data and the original data can only be recovered from t shares. ECC provides an additional layer of data protection. The data is protected even if all the shares are compromised by the adversary. SD2S can be used for unsecure storage nodes (e.g., unsecure wireless links and hostile storage nodes). The internal and external attacks on distributed storage system are investigated to prevent potential adversaries. SD2S is superior to all other existing approaches in terms of data protection and performance efficiency.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4251
Justin Yackoski
N122-145      Awarded: 2/11/2013
Title:DataGuard: A Secure, Reliable and Efficient Data Storage and Transition System for Mobile Ad Hoc Network
Abstract:We propose a secure, reliable and efficient data storage and transition system, DataGuard, for wireless ad hoc networks. As a distributed system, DataGuard integrates various coding techniques, data migration protocol and service evaluation model to enable secure data storage and efficient data access in wireless ad hoc networks. We adopt various coding techniques including erasure coding scheme, threshold crypto algorithm and symmetric crypto primitives to protect data at rest and in transit against eavesdropping and Byzantine attacks. Moreover, we propose to develop the data migration protocol that allows the data storage system to self-adapt to the network dynamics. Additionally, we propose to develop the service evaluation model that allows the data users to evaluate the data delivery service provided by the data storage nodes. The combination of coding schemes, the data migration protocol, and service evaluation model in DataGuard significantly improves the data availability with distributed implementation in wireless ad hoc networks. Finally, in the proposed effort, we will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed coding techniques, data migration protocol and service evaluation model in a workable data storage and transmission prototype for wireless ad hoc networks.

Busek Co. Inc.
11 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-5565
Craig DeLuccia
N122-146      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:SeaCube Radar Altimeter for CubeSats
Abstract:Busek Co. Inc. with expertise in spacecraft electric propulsion systems, including microwave generated plasmas and CubeSats, and ImSAR LLC with expertise in small Synthetic Aperture Radars (SAR) for Unmanned Arial Vehicles (UAVs) have teamed up to develop an ocean sensing radar altimeter called SeaCube. SeaCube will fit into 1U of a 3U CubeSat, operate in pulsed mode, consume low orbit average power and produce acceptable data rates. The concepts underlying radar altimetry began after the Navys Moon Bounce program showed accurate ranging measurements. NRL realized that similar radar from orbit to the ocean surface could accurately determine the ocean surface state. This resulted in a plethora of ocean state measuring satellites, all which are much larger than CubeSats. With this program the Navy is again at the forefront of technology challenging the community to reduce the radar altimeter size to a 1U Cube form factor. Phase 1 of the proposed program is focused on demonstrating SeaCubes feasibility. The point of departure will be a miniature UAV based imaging radar build by ImSAR called NanoSAR which is already near the 1U form factor. The Phase 2 deliverable will be an EM model of the SeaCube, ready for flight qualification program.

Engenium Technologies Corp
Suite 210 9030 Red Branch Rd
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 908-8003
Mike Pascale
N122-146      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Novel CubeSat Payloads for Naval Space Missions
Abstract:The proposed effort will yield a Tag, Track, and Locationing (TTL) and Data Exfil system providing the ability to communicate bidirectionally through 40 dB of obstacles, geolocate through 40 dB of obstacles, and provide 10 kbits/s data exfil in clear sky free of airtime charges. Such a system would enable new and unprecedented Techniques, Tactics, and Procedures (TTPs) include operating Tags in triple canopy, from container ships, and other RF harsh environments.

Optical Physics Company
26610 Agoura Road Suite 240
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 880-2907
Chien-Chung Chen
N122-146      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Interferometric Tracker for CubeSats
Abstract:Optical Physics Company (OPC) is proposing to design, fabricate, test and deliver a payload package suitable for testing on a CubeSat. The payloads design is based on OPCs proven interferometric star tracker with demonstrated extraordinary accuracy in detecting and tracking many faint sources simultaneously in many different types of demanding missions. The Phase I effort will culminate in a Critical Design Review (CDR). The rapid technical progress is made possible by other past and ongoing work on this star tracker. During the Phase II effort, a prototype of the CubeSat payload will be built and demonstrated in a laboratory space environment.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr. Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
Jim Coward
N122-146      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Novel CubeSat Payloads for Naval Space Missions
Abstract:SA Photonics is please to propose the NeptuneLITE free space optical communication system for 3U CubeSat applications. NeptuneLITE allow high data rate communication between sensor satellites, relay satellites, and round terminals.NeptuneLITE will all bi- directional east-east ring communication in a form factor of less than 1U. The system has SA Photonics wide angle beam director which will place minimal requirements on the orientation of the nanosat..

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Prachee Sharma
N122-147      Awarded: 11/28/2012
Title:WCDMA Enhancements for Use Rapidly Moving Platforms
Abstract:Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) is the most recent generation of cellular phone technology that is being adopted for commercial, government, and military mission critical systems. One of the key enablers towards adoption of cellular technology in tactical environments is Mobile User Objective System (MUOS). MUOS is an Ultra High Frequency (UHF) SATCOM system the converts a commercial third generation (3G) Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) cellular phone system to a military UHF SATCOM radio system. In this work, the focus is to enhance the current design of MUOS WCDMA so that it can be applied to BS that are installed on rapidly moving platforms. This SBIR implements WCDMA algorithms for installation on rapidly moving platforms by inclusion of an ability to adapt the parameters such as slot-size, interleaving depth, channel prediction time scale as well as algorithms such as channel estimators based upon Rake receivers and Kalman filters to adapt to different RTT, channel coherence time, changes in propagation loss values and variability in Doppler-shifts.

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 753-1623
Marcus Urie
N122-147      Awarded: 11/28/2012
Title:Evolving WCDMA for Extreme Mobility
Abstract:The Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) will provide the warfighter with the tactical ability to communicate in disadvantaged environments. The underlying MUOS concept -- namely, adapting a powerful commercial cellular waveform to a military grade infrastructure - - has applications beyond the initial system deployment. For example, the development of ruggedized WCDMA base station processing payloads would allow the ground station processing to be done aboard the satellite. Furthermore, the geosynchronous satellites of the MUOS system could be replaced by satellites in alternative orbits (e.g., the Molniya orbit) or even unmanned aerial vehicles and aerostats. In order to realize these applications, however, significant innovation is required in WCDMA receiver signal processing algorithm design. To this end, TrellisWare proposes to develop a turbo Rake receiver structure that combines Per-Survivor Processing (PSP) and Adaptive Iterative Detection (AID) to enable reception of the MUOS waveform in severe Doppler environments.

W5 Technologies, Inc.
120 Rachel Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 422-6009
Scott Core
N122-147      Awarded: 11/28/2012
Title:Advanced WCDMA Algorithms for Rapidly Changing Coverage Geometries
Abstract:WCDMA payloads on fast-moving platforms, such as on satellites in Molniya orbits or on UAVs, will likely be added to the battlefield to assure the warfighter of reliable, ubiquitous communications. The algorithms for handoffs, timing, and Doppler correction suitable for near-Geosynchronous platforms will not be suitable for these fast movers. Power control algorithms may or may not be suitable. This project determines the necessary modifications to commercial and military WCDMA algorithms to support intra and inter platform handoffs, timing synchronization, power control, and Doppler correction.

Assurance Technology Corporation
84 South Street
Carlisle, MA 01741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 369-8848
Joel Lord
N122-148      Awarded: 3/15/2013
Title:Deployable Multi-Band Radio Base Station
Abstract:The Mobile User Object System (MUOS) Satellites provide Spectrum Adaptation-Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (SA-WCDMA) bent-pipe communications among MUOS compatible users via a Terrestrial Base Station. The proposed deployable MUOS-AERO Base Station provides a multi-band surrogate for the Terrestrial Base Stations that provides SA-WCDMA or WCDMA Access Point though a miniature WCDMA payload (MUOS- AERO payload).

KinetX, Inc
2050 East ASU Circle Suite 107
Tempe, AZ 85284
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 688-6017
Scott White
N122-148      Awarded: 3/15/2013
Title:Deployable Multi-Band Radio Base Station
Abstract:This offer proposes a set of activities to provide an innovative Deployable WCDMA Multi- Band Radio Base Station. The effort entails investigation, trade studies, and architecture design to support an easily fielded, transportable WCDMA Base Station not typical of mainstream communication deployments. The derived solution will support both military and commercial applications where terrestrial or satellite communications may not be available. The investigations for this project will focus on how multi-band, differing protocol (3GPP and MUOS) WCDMA channels can be supported by a single transportable radio base station, and options for interfacing users on these channels to their respective carriers such as the MUOS geosynchronous satellite system. The investigations will specifically address the challenges associated with interfacing a radio base station to MUOS network infrastructure equipment; resulting in a solution that will ensure communications features that meets the needs of the war fighters.

W5 Technologies, Inc.
120 Rachel Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 422-6009
John Rabo
N122-148      Awarded: 3/15/2013
Title:Deployable Multi-Band Radio Base Station
Abstract:WCDMA repeater payloads being developed for deployment on unmanned aerial vehicles will provide enhanced beyond line of sight coverage with guaranteed Quality of Service for the warfighter. To become a reality, these payloads will require deployable multiband base stations to serve as the ground infrastructure. The base station will be designed in this project, thereby enabling this network architecture and revolutionizing battlefield communications.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Stephen Brueckner
N122-149      Awarded: 3/28/2013
Title:Myelin: Enterprise Mobile Security Software Framework
Abstract:The benefits of using mobile devices for conducting business come with a range of security threats to sensitive information both in motion and at rest. To meet this need ATC-NY will develop Myelin, a cross-platform mobile app ecosystem with intrinsic security. Myelin uses a base technology of secure, cross-platform communications to implement sophisticated security mechanisms and policies across the entire mobile enterprise. Myelin combines centralized security management with on-device isolation, monitoring, and enforcement. A Myelin app ecosystem adds value to the mobile enterprise by securely sharing data across apps, devices, platforms, and users, yet is segregated from personal or other unauthorized apps running on the same platforms.

Harmonia Holdings Group
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5900
Marc Abrams
N122-149      Awarded: 3/28/2013
Title:Safe and Cost-Effective Business Access by Mobiles (BAM)
Abstract:Harmonias proposal for SBIR Topic N122-149 entitled Safe and Cost-Effective Business Access by Mobiles (BAM) analyzes the pros, cons, and risks of different approaches evolving across DoD and commercially that can provide safe and cost-effective access by mobile device to Navy business applications in accordance with applicable IA requirements. We conduct a comprehensive evaluation in 7 dimensions of numerous questions that affect the design of a mobile device architecture. BAM also evaluates the feasibility of allowing Bring Your Own Device access via privately owned mobile devices. Harmonias focus is on applying their core competency in recommending, deploying, and configuring Mobile Device Management (MDM) solutions with customized components. Initially targeted to PMW 240s PRIDE system, BAM can be applied to various Lines of Business such as distribution, position management, workforce development, recruiting and accessions, Fleet and family support, pay and personnel, and enterprise biz services.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Milovanov
N122-149      Awarded: 3/28/2013
Title:Mobile Person Authentication Security System
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a flexible approach that provides DoD users with a secure and efficient mobile interface for DoD business systems, to maximize mobile technology use while maintaining information security, data protection, and integrity, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Mobile Person Authentication Security System (MPASS) that imparts a biometric signature as one factor of a two-factor authentication and uses it for data protection in transit and at rest. Innovative methods of biometric key-based data protection provide enhanced security, data protection, and reliable user authentication. MPASS service-oriented architecture provides mobile device integration with existing Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and Active Directory (AD). In Phase I, POC will investigate and analyze current and evolving DoD and commercial products and initiatives for mobile user technologies; and develop a strategy and cost-effective MPASS system architecture and improved mobile device policy that will allow secure integration of mobile technologies with business systems. POC will select the best technologies for use, and demonstrate the feasibility of the MPASS technology by designing and assembling a proof- of-concept TRL 4 MPASS system prototype. In Phase II, an advanced MPASS system TRL 6 prototype will be assembled and demonstrated under representative operational environments.

ANDRO Computational Solutions, LLC
Beeches Technical Campus 7902 Turin Road, Ste. 2-1
Rome, NY 13440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 334-1163
Andrew Drozd
N122-150      Awarded: 12/3/2012
Title:Advanced Software Defined Radio Capabilities and Information Dominance - Applying ANDROs Transmission Cyberspace Solution
Abstract:This proposed research is to investigate and validate Software Defined Radio (SDR) based, multi-function portable network sensing and intrusion detection algorithms suitable for small dismounted radio platforms used to support Command and Control (C2) standard sensor interfaces carried in the field and for sensor data exfiltration. A new capability called Transmission Cyberspace is proposed that will enable DoD military SDRs in the battlefield that are in close proximity to hostile foreign networks to be cognizant of their surrounding radio frequency (RF) environment. A novel and robust network discovery capability will be developed to rapidly assess the potential for RF intrusion, cyber attacks or other unauthorized access to SDRs and Cognitive Radio and Sensor Networks (CRSNs) along with implementing effective defense strategies. This will be accomplished through the application of a suite of algorithms that fundamentally exploit the multidimensional and joint orthogonal nature of the RF signal space. A hybrid class of algorithms and techniques will be used, namely: multiobjective optimization, game theory, spectrum sense and adapt, distributed detection, joint cognitive routing and spread-spectrum channelization, and automated modulation classification. A unique physical (PHY) layer protection scheme is then used to thwart attacks and to augment upper layer (data, MAC, network) multi-level security methods to deny cyber attacks and to ensure secure communications and trusted network routing. These algorithms will leverage the SDRs ability to sense the presence of other wireless networks, monitor those networks and detect when and where hostile intrusion attempts might arise.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5241
Renato Levy
N122-150      Awarded: 12/3/2012
Title:NetSAID: Network Sensing, Assessment, and Intrusion Detection
Abstract:Emerging portable software defined radio (SDR) technology has great potential to improve the communication capability of dismounted and Special Forces personnel, as it can quickly acquire the operational information in a hostile environment, and adapt to it based on spectrum needs and available resources. The major challenge lies in the following aspects: effectiveness of spectrum sensing, network identification, effective network assessment, advanced security mechanisms, and spectrum adaptation. However, most of the existing research focuses on the enabling technologies such as spectrum sensing and adaption, but pays less attention to other aspects. Moreover, the current development is still in its early stage and demands further investigation. In addition, to support diverse spectrum of mission requirements and needs, all five aspects should be fully leveraged and equally emphasized. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a dynamic Network Sensing, Assessment, and Intrusion Detection (NetSAID) system on portable SDR platforms to enable the dismounted and Special Forces personnel to rapidly adapt to hostile environments and acquire relevant operational information. The proposed approach will significantly improve the reliable and secure access to battlefield networks, as well as the enhanced support for situation awareness.

Vu Tech Corp
12234 Boulder View Dr.
Poway, CA 92064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 805-5608
Bo Ryu
N122-150      Awarded: 12/3/2012
Title:Multi-Function Cognitive Radio Architecture (MF-CRA): SDR with Information Dominance Capabilities
Abstract:We propose to develop, implement and demonstrate Multi-Function Cognitive Radio Architecture (MF-CRA), a novel software-defined cognitive radio architecture that simultaneously achieves robust tactical wireless networking and information dominance capabilities for dismounted and special forces personnel. By information dominance we mean the ability for radios to sense, detect, characterize, and neutralize adverse actions (e.g., RF jamming, network intrusions, and communication protocol-aware attacks) caused by hostile entities in addition to their original communication responsibility.The proposed solution is founded on a unique integration of multi-function capable RF front-end designs, signal processing hardware engine based on a mix of FPGAs and DSPs, and cognitive algorithms with extensive signal classification capabilities for native information dominance capabilities.

---------- CBD ----------

18 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Extend Biosciences Inc.
48 Russell St. #3
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 599-8581
Laura M. Hales
CBD12-101      Awarded: 3/25/2013
Title:Enhancing the Pharmacokinetic Profile of Protein-based Drugs
Abstract:Many protein-based drugs have limited efficacy due to a short half-life or require intravenous delivery because of low bioavailability when given subcutaneously. Extend Biosciences is developing proprietary carrier molecules that will allow proteins to access a transport pathway for efficient delivery to the vascular space and then maintain a sustained presence in circulation. This would be of particular importance in the development of longer-lasting versions of bioscavenger proteins that could then be delivered subcutaneously and become bioavailable within minutes of administration. In this project, one of Extend Biosciences carrier molecules will be conjugated to two bioscavenger proteins of interest to the military as further proof-of-concept for the technology. The modified bioscavengers will be assayed in vitro to ensure that the carrier molecule does not disrupt functional activity. Following success in Phase I, the Phase II studies would test the modified bioscavengers for their improved half-life and bioavailability when delivered subcutaneously in an appropriate animal model, and test whether the modified protein induces toxicity or an immune response. This project will demonstrate the feasibility of improving the half-life and bioavailability of bioscavenger proteins that could be applied to numerous other protein-based drugs including those used in Chemical and Biological Defense treatments.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-5294
Hongjun Song
CBD12-102      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:An automated, high throughput, resin-free device for large scale protein purification
Abstract:Protein manufacturing is of paramount importance to chemical and biological defense applications. High-throughput protein purification is a critical need for rapidly scaling the target protein product. Existing purification methods primarly rely on synthetic-resin based chromatography, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive, expensive, and consequently, ill- suited for developing rapid countermeasures to chemical/biological threat. To overcome these limitations, we propose to develop and demonstrate a novel high-throughput, resin-free technology for automated protein recovery and purification. Our technology based on novel multi-scale electrokinetics for protein purification enables order-of-magnitude improvement in investment and operating cost as well as human labor. In Phase I, we will design, fabricate, characterize and demonstrate a pilot-scale prototype to establish proof-of-principle of the proposed technology. The designs of the purification device will be optimized using high-fidelity simulation tools. The fabricated device will be tested and demonstrated in our well-equipped bioengineering laboratories. In Phase II, a full-scale purification system with additional design refinements will be developed for enhanced performance and manufacturability. The purification module will be integrated with COTS technologies for automated operation. The Phase II prototype will be demonstrated for continuous, long-term purification of target proteins from composite sample matrix. The final product will be fully automated, high throughput and low cost system for rapid purification of desired proteins

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-0159
Michael Danilich
CBD12-102      Awarded: 3/25/2013
Title:Affinity Matrix System for Large-Scale Protein Purification
Abstract:Though vast improvements have been made in various protein expression platforms, limitations arise in the implementation of current purification methods. Traditional chromatographic methods are time intensive, carry heavy material costs, and are difficult to scale - reducing the benefits achieved in protein expression. Affinity-binding methods are promising for scale-up and swiftness of purification, but the necessary resins can be expensive and difficult to adapt to purify proteins from new expression platforms. To respond to this need, Luna proposes the development of a low-cost affinity matrix with a high surface area to provide substantial binding regions for targeted proteins of interest. This system will allow for the purification of any protein expressed with the cellulose binding module and intein self-cleaving tag, an expression possible with many proteins in a wide variety of host organisms. The implementation of this low-cost affinity matrix and widely applicable purification system will allow for fast, simple, inexpensive purification of any target protein.

Celadon Laboratories, Inc.
6525 Belcrest Rd. Suite 521
Hyattsville, MD 20782
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 683-2118
Raymond Peterson
CBD12-103      Awarded: 12/14/2012
Title:Software for Design and Validation of DNA Nanostructure Surface Patterning
Abstract:A continuing threat to U.S. military personnel and civilians is exposure to toxic chemicals and pathogens. While there exist methods and systems for vaccine development, agent detection, and assessment of exposure and immune response, it remains imperative to investigate next-generation technologies that have the potential to improve by an order of magnitude their cost, sensitivity, specificity, and speed. A promising technology is the self-assembly of charge-patterned DNA nanostructures on a flat surface. In order for patterned DNA nanostructures to become commercially viable, the technology needs investigation of the thermodynamics of self-assembly, both with and without charged pendants; development of predictive algorithms that take into account pendant thermodynamics and modified nucleic acids; and automated design software. Towards this end, Celadon will partner with Dr. Jason Kahn and Dr. David H. Mathews, both internationally recognized experts in nucleic acid chemistry and computation. During Phase I, the Celadon/Kahn/Mathews team will assemble origami surface with patterned hydrophilic and hydrophobic patches on ~5 nm scale; confirm with atomic force microscopy and fluorescence; conduct temperature-dependence studies and develop thermodynamic algorithms to predict assembly in presence of pendant groups; construct Phase II plan to develop predictive algorithm and software; and demonstrate prototype browser-based and Cloud-enabled user interface.

Parabon NanoLabs, Inc.
11260 Roger Bacon Drive Suite 406
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 689-9689
Steven Armentrout
CBD12-103      Awarded: 12/6/2012
Title:Design Automation Software for Biomimetic Surface Presentation with DNA Origami
Abstract:A development program is proposed for a design automation software package that enables the generation of complex surfaces, with user defined or automated definition of point charge and hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties, using DNA origami as a presentation substrate. Building upon existing software for DNA origami design, this project will result in software able to optimize DNA staples and other origami modifications to achieve target charge and hydration force distributions. The objects to be generated with this software will be able to mimic any of the many surface/surface interactions found in biological or technological applications. Such design software will significantly expand the capabilities of users to produce systems that are capable of highly specific interactions with target macromolecular species.

EPIR Technologies Inc
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 771-0203
Silviu Velicu
CBD12-104      Awarded: 10/22/2012
Title:Detection of Liquid Contaminants on Surfaces Using Hyperspectral Imaging
Abstract:Quick detection of Chemical/Biological (CB) agents in the field can provide critical reconnaissance and contamination avoidance. CB agents pose a serious threat to both civilian and military sectors, and present techniques rely on dangerous collection methods, active measurement through external infrared (IR) sources, and/or are time-consuming. EPIR proposes to provide critically needed improvements through the development of a passive standoff hyperspectral long wavelength infrared (LWIR) focal plane array (FPA) with a polarimetric capability that will exploit cold sky reflectance, and spectroscopy techniques to identify CB agents quickly, accurately, and on the move. Phase I will focus on spectral measurements of a chemical stimulant, and system modeling and design based upon the measurements. Milestones for Phase I include the measurement of the hyper-spectral datacube for a stimulant, and system specifications given in terms of the possible contaminants. Phase II will focus on prototype system design, construction and characterization. Phase III will focus on field-deployable system manufacturing and packaging.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Jay Giblin
CBD12-104      Awarded: 11/9/2012
Title:Advanced LWIR Hyperspectral System for On-the-Move Standoff Detection of Liquid Contaminants on Surfaces
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to utilize an innovative LWIR hyperspectral technology coupled with advanced data processing algorithms for non-contact, passive standoff detection of liquid contaminants on surfaces. The technology will address the US Armys need for fast, passive, on-the-move, non-contact detection of ground contamination during reconnaissance missions. The Phase I effort will focus on demonstrating the feasibility of the proposed on-the-move approach by validating signal models with field data collected against liquid agent simulant particles of relevant sizes. Improved SCR (Signal- to-clutter ratio) will be demonstrated through the use of innovative algorithms in conjunction with polarization-enhanced hyperspectral detection and an optional LWIR illumination sub- system for contrast enhancement. In a successful Phase II program, PSI will develop and evaluate a TRL 5 prototype system capable of on-the-move (~10 mph) detection of contaminant particles with surface density of 0.5 g/cm2 with Pd > 90%.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
Jim Coward
CBD12-104      Awarded: 11/7/2012
Title:Detection of Liquid Contaminants on Surfaces Using Hyperspectral Imaging
Abstract:SA Photonics is pleased to propose the development of the SENTRY hyperspectal situational awareness system for the detection of liquid chemical agents in the asymetrical terrorist warfare scenario. SA Photonics will be teaming with world renown experts from the University of Arizona for the development of the SENTRY system. Additionally, SA Photonics will be leveraging technology from numerous Navy, Air Force, DARPA, Army, and MDA programs to develop a Phase II prototype for demonstration to CBD customers.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Alan Cisar
CBD12-105      Awarded: 2/22/2013
Title:Unpressurized High Density Oxygen Storage with Hydrogen Peroxide
Abstract:Closed circuit breathing apparatus (CCBA, rebreather systems) where exhaled CO2 is removed and con-sumed oxygen replaced, offer much longer working times on a single gas charge than open circuit ones (SCBA). This is achieved through the use of high pressure compressed oxygen. When CCBA units are used in conflict areas this requires the regular delivery of hazardous cargo (high pressure oxygen, 3,000 psi) into combat areas. Clearly a means of supplying oxygen without this hazard is desirable. This can be accomplished using a solution of hydrogen peroxide as the oxygen source. A liter concen-trated hydrogen peroxide at ambient pressure can be decomposed to produce the same amount of oxy-gen as contained in a one liter cylinder at high pressure. With the right catalyst the decomposition can be carried out at any temperature where the solution is liquid. Lynntech has developed oxygen supplies based on hydrogen peroxide decomposition that start immediately, can be throttled over the full range from off to full flow and can be repeatedly cycled for extended operating times. The ability to shut down oxygen production and restart it offers distinct advantages over other oxygen generators by letting the system supply oxygen the like a compressed gas cylinder.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Justin Hill
CBD12-105      Awarded: 12/31/2012
Title:Light-weight Low-volume High Oxygen Storage Density Material for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
Abstract:This proposal details the method of fabrication for a hierarchical hybrid nanomaterial for oxygen storage vessels. These vessels exceed the volumetric and gravimetric storage capacity of an oxygen cylinder by 330% and 215%, respectively. It is estimated that this oxygen storage device will weigh about 12% of a standard low pressure 2216 psi O2 cylinder and be only 4% of the total volume. The oxygen storage device does not depend on adsorption or a chemical reaction, which reduces the complexity of the system, making it easy to use. Mainstream will determine the optimal fill/seal/release mechanism to ensure close control over the release of oxygen to match the users needs. Furthermore, the novel storage medium comprises a safe technology that would gain immediate market penetration in the area of oxygen storage and delivery in the personal protection equipment, rescue equipment, aviation, and medical industries.

Busek Co. Inc.
11 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-5565
Yu-Hui Chiu
CBD12-106      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:High Capacity Supported Ionic Liquids for Carbon Dioxide Capture in Rebreather Systems
Abstract:Busek Co. Inc. and Ionic Research Technologies, LLC propose to develop a novel carbon dioxide and water removal technology using ionic liquids for closed circuit self-contained breathing apparatus that will extend its operating lifetime, while simultaneously reducing overall weight and logistic burden. Ionic liquids offer unique characteristics including high capacity CO2 capture, tunable gas selectivity, humidity capture, and negligible vapor pressures. The proposed technology is a significant advancement on current state-of-the- art technologies in use for CO2 scrubbing applications. The Phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility by identifying suitable ionic liquid systems through advanced modeling predictions and laboratory validation tests. The phase I option will produce a sub-scale proof-of-concept CO2 scrubbing device utilizing supported ionic liquid technology. The results of Phase I will provide a baseline for the design of the Phase II prototype.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
David Battaglia
CBD12-106      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Regenerable Carbon Dioxide Removal Technology Based on Novel Macroporous Ion Exchange Resins for Closed-Circuit Breathing Apparatus
Abstract:Currently, the U.S. Military encounters many scenarios where soldiers must enter hazardous areas, yet still maintain isolation from chemical and biological contaminants as well as hazardous materials. This requires the soldiers respiratory tract be isolated from encountering these contaminants. To accomplish this, the soldiers wear protective suits and/or masks which include a respiratory isolation system, more commonly called a rebreather. Current carbon dioxide scrubbers, which absorb exhaled carbon dioxide within the rebreather, are inherently prone to dusting, caustic, generate heat, and have single use lifetimes, causing risks to the soldier and increased logistical costs associated with ice packs and shelf life. Lynntech proposes a safe and novel solution to address these concerns by developing a scrubber based off a high surface area macroporous ionic resin with advanced grafting techniques using amines to create a fully regenerable sorbent to be used for carbon dioxide capture within the self contained breathing apparatus. This sorbent eliminates dusting, operates at a much more neutral pH value, has increased carbon dioxide capacity, and is more tolerant of high levels of humidity. Additionally, the sorbent eliminates ice packs by creating no noticeable heat of reaction and thus reduces the overall costs of the rebreather apparatus.

Paragon Space Development Corporation
3481 E. Michigan Street
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 382-4817
Sebastian Padilla
CBD12-106      Awarded: 1/11/2013
Title:Regenerable, heat-Abating, humidity-Neutralizing, Carbon diOxide Removal System (RANCOR)
Abstract:Paragon Space Development Corporation (Paragon) will demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of our Regenerable, heat-Abating, humidity-Neutralizing, Carbon diOxide Removal System (RANCOR) for providing carbon dioxide and humidity recycling and removal for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA). RANCOR utilizes space-age humidity control technology combined with tailored CO2 and H2O absorbing materials to provide a fully reusable and regenerable humidity and carbon dioxide (CO2) removal solution. RANCOR provides humidity control that substantial reduces the amount of water (H2O) vapor that must be removed therefore reducing exothermic heat production from humidity removal. The scrubbing elements are fully regenerable though a simple service procedure that induces complete regeneration, ensuring repeatable multi-use capacity. No disposable consumables are required. The Phase I effort will focus on analysis and laboratory testing to validating the RANCOR approach and reduce risk by quantifying the benefits of the RANCOR elements and testing to ensure long term reusability. Phase I and Phase I Option lay a solid foundation for prototype development in Phase II and commercial application. The RANCOR system is fully reusable, reduces SCBA cooling requirements, and offers the potential for significant improvements in logistics and cost of operation over existing systems.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 327-0678
Yi Wang
CBD12-107      Awarded: 3/21/2013
Title:A Novel, Aerodynamics-augmented Continuous Ionization System for Electrostatic Collection of Bioaerosols
Abstract:Safe and efficient air ionization and filtration technology compatible to biodefense applications is of paramount importance. Current ionization methods are energy-intensive, costly, prone to ozone generation, or inefficient, and consequently ill-suited for building protection applications. To overcome these issues, we propose to develop and demonstrate a novel bioaerosol ionization and collection system for autonomous, round-the-clock air filtration and protection. The proposed device harnesses advanced aerodynamics-augmented ionizer design and electrode material optimization to enable significant improvement in throughput, ionization efficiency, ozone generation, and maintenance requirements and operating cost. In Phase I, we will perform a comparative study of the most promising design using high-fidelity simulation tools, followed by prototype fabrication and experimental characterization to demonstrate a laboratory-scale prototype and establish proof-of-principle of the proposed technology. In Phase II, novel designs for electrostatic collection of the charged aerosols will be explored and tested, which will be combined with the finalized ionizer design to form an integrated, automated air filtration system. The integrated systems will be refined for enhanced performance (ionization and removal efficiencies and ozone generation, energy consumption, and operating cost), ease of operation, and manufacturability. It will be extensively tested using composite biological sample matrix at various environmental and loading conditions. The final product will be a fully automated, continuous, safe air ionization and collection system with ready deployability in real environments.

Milow Ltd.
174 East Bay Street
Charleston, SC 29401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(843) 727-6526
Gideon Rosenberg
CBD12-107      Awarded: 2/26/2013
Title:Continuous Ionization System for Electrostatic Collection of Bioaerosols in Building Protection Applications
Abstract:This proposal presents a method and technology for continuous ionization of bio-aerosols and airborne particles in building protection applications to enable effective removal of the ionized particles from the air flow by an electrostatic collection device. The proposed ionization method is based on a concept of combining a novel method of direct induction charging by an electric field with diversion of the air streamlines into many small passageways where field shapers are used to amplify the field intensity. No replenishing of consumables is needed for this process, it does not generate ozone and the efficient ionization in its low pressure-drop passageways consumes less power than HEPA filtration for building HVAC systems. The main objective of the proposed effort will be to demonstrate the ionization performance of a prototype that will be designed, built and tested in autonomous and continuous operation mode during a period of one week, including air monitoring to detect any ozone levels over the normal. The prototype features and the test results conducted in Phase I will be summarized in a final report, including evaluation of the induction charging characteristics for various types and sizes of particles.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Mike Durrett
CBD12-108      Awarded: 4/11/2013
Title:Rapid Sample Transport in Austere Environments
Abstract:Attaining rapid transportation of samples 50-1000 miles in an austere environment requires air transportation. Past applications have included UAVs which transport the sample to selected location and drop the sample via guided parachute These systems can be quite accurate but they are expensive and relatively large. Balloons are an attractive alternative. They are inexpensive, compact and can be quite efficient at transporting reasonable loads long distances. When coupled with an active altitude control system, wind prediction can be employed to guide the balloon to desired regions. Key to this operation is good knowledge of and dynamic forecasting of nearby wind structures. Nanohmics proposes to develop a sample balloon delivery system that incorporates room temperature stabilization of biological samples, GPS and 2 way satellite communications, active altitude control system, onboard computer control of communications, wind measurement and prediction and flight path optimization. Passive temperature control will be applied to the sample and instrumentation and direct integration with JPADS or other meteorological reporting and modeling applications. This system can be controlled remotely or flown autonomously. This effort will build on Nanohmicss past experience in the development of the GlideLine parachutist navigation system.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Brian Geiger
CBD12-108      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:Rapid Sample Transport in Austere Environments
Abstract:Piasecki Aircraft proposes to meet the challenge of delivering a biological or chemical sample maintained at less than -20 deg Celcius over a range of up to 1000 miles with a precision landing with a portable unmanned aerial system capable of a vertical takeoff, cruise flight range typical of a fixed wing platform, and able to perform a precision landing. The system consists of a lifting quadrotor that air-launches a fixed wing, packable UAV with threshold 450 mile range and a soft precision landing system using a parachute capable of 50 yard accuracy. An electric cooling system using a peltier junction maintains the sample temperature at -50C throughout the flight. En-route the system can accept updated flight plan data, and provided health and status information via remote telemetry. The Phase I development work will produce a preliminary design including CAD models and an operator interface to directly support a follow-on proof of concept prototype demonstration in Phase II.

STARA Technologies, Inc.
61 S. William Dillard Drive
Gilbert, AZ 85233
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 850-1555
Glen R. Bailey
CBD12-108      Awarded: 5/14/2013
Title:Rapid Sample Transport in Austere Environments
Abstract:In austere and inaccessible environments, transport of critical medical, chemical and/or biological samples can be difficult. In this SBIR Phase I, a technical feasibility trade space is used to evaluate technologies used to preserve biomolecules, such as DNA, RNA, and bacterial at room temperatures; transport samples from austere locations to safe recover areas, recover samples after precision delivery to any specified location; establish a transport command, control, and monitoring system. In the feasibility trade space, key technology components and parameters are analyzed and rated for how well they support meeting technical objectives. The output of the trade space is a feasibility rating for each concept evaluated. System components evaluated include processes, methods, and equipment used to collect biological samples; methods and equipment used to store biological samples; use of balloons to transport samples using wind motion from austere locations to safe areas for recovery; use of guided parafoils to deliver samples to specified locations with GPS accuracies; a near real-time command and control system with world- wide coverage using SATCOM. The sample storage method is simplified by storing at room temperatures. Transport is simplified by using custom latex balloon capable of lifting a variety of system weights to selectable altitudes.

---------- DARPA ----------

30 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Agave BioSystems, Inc.
P.O. Box 100
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 272-0002
Zoey Ni
SB122-001      Awarded: 12/6/2012
Title:Combinatorial PNA-CPP Molecules Targeting Plasmid Transfer and Replication to Control Antibiotic Resistance
Abstract:One major cause of the widespread of drug-resistant and virulent bacteria pathogen is the horizontal gene transfer of resistance and virulence genes in the form of plasmids. As proof-of concept for this Phase I effort, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop combinatorial therapeutics by inhibiting conserved genes involved in multiple steps of plasmid transfer and replication using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) antisense oligonucleotides and cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) in both gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and gram- positive strain Enterococcus faecalis. These PNA-CPPs are designed to suppress the expression of the critical enzymes involved in the plasmid transfer and replication in the pathogenic microorganisms. The proposed system has the potential to inhibit the spread of drug resistance genes to susceptible strains and eventually eliminate the drug resistance of the host microbes.

Ginkgo BioWorks
27 Drydock Ave 8th Floor
Boston, MA 02210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 422-5362
Reshma Shetty
SB122-001      Awarded: 11/19/2012
Title:Controlling Antibiotic Resistance by Vaccinating Bacterial Populations
Abstract:The prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria has risen dramatically over the past decades with over 70% of hospital bacterial infections harboring resistance to one or more classes of antibiotics. To date, the rise of drug resistant pathogens has been addressed by improved containment practices, judicious use of antibiotic treatments, and government-sponsored antibiotic research and development programs. Despite these measures, we are still facing a losing battle against the spread of antibiotic resistance. Given these significant challenges, both technical and economic, new strategies for combating antibiotic resistance are desperately needed. We propose a novel strategy that will limit the occurrence and spread of antibiotic resistance by targeting the genetic elements that encode antibiotic resistance, rather than any particular microbial species or strain. The approach is therefore broadly applicable to both Gram-positive and negative bacteria. To achieve this goal, we propose to use engineered mobile genetic elements to vaccinate microbial communities against uptake and dissemination of genetically-encoded antibiotic resistance elements. This approach is now made possible by technology advances in synthetic biology centered around gene and genome design and construction.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 558-5623
Roland Saldanha
SB122-001      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:Controlling Antibiotic Resistant or Highly Virulent Pathogens Through Plasmid Curing
Abstract:Group II introns are a novel class of catalytic RNA molecule that are capable of site specific insertion into DNA targets. This property can be reengineered to facilitate site specific DNA integration into a wide range of DNA targets. We intend to exploit this property of group II introns to effect plasmid curing by disrupting critical sequences or proteins responsible for plasmid replication/spread or stable maintenance. In a complimentary approach integration of a group II intron into a plasmid will be used to activate a toxic payload that can systematically sense and destroy plasmid bearing cells. If successful in the initial proposed work, during a phase I option we propose to modify the vector backbones on which the group II introns are delivered to a conjugation based system. Conjugative systems can be quite efficient and in some cases approach near 100% efficiency of plasmid transfer. We will port our expression cassettes to plasmids that can be delivered by live organisms that are permitted to be used as probiotics or have gained FDA approval in an IND.

DIAMOND NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC
114 MORNINGSIDE DR # 63
NEW YORK, NY 10027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 622-1866
ophir gaathon
SB122-002      Awarded: 11/20/2012
Title:Super-Resolution Magnetic Field Microscopy [SRMFM] Using Multifunctional Diamond Nanosensors
Abstract:In this program, we will develop and prototype a new Super-Resolution Magnetic Field Microscopy (SRMFM) system that employs nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond nanostructures to image magnetic fields with a sensitivity below 100nT/√Hz and a spatial resolution better than 20 nm. The system consists of two primary components: (1) hardware and software for NV electron spin-based imaging and magnetometry, implementing our recently developed wide-field super-resolution imaging technique and advanced spin sensing protocols; and (2) four classes of diamond nanocrystal imaging solutions with increasing sensitivity, including nanosensors fabricated from ultra-high purity bulk diamond, with near-unity NV yield and chemically controlled surfaces for dry and liquid applications. Component (1) consists of a hardware and software kit that can be easily added to existing commercial confocal microscopes by major manufacturers, upgrading them to an SRMFM. Component (2) represents the diamond nanosensor probe solution to be used in (1), or as a stand-alone product for labs already possessing a suitable microscope. The combination of the microscope kit and research-grade, high-quality imaging agents, will not only establish sub-optical resolution magnetic field imaging and sensing technique, but will also make the customizable and versatile diamond nanosensors available to the research community at large.

Quantum Diamond Technologies Inc.
89 Hammond Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 604-3394
Colin Connolly
SB122-002      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:High-resolution, Ultra-sensitive Magnetic Imaging Using an Ensemble of Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) Centers in Diamond
Abstract:Ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond allow the detection of weak magnetic fields under ambient conditions, with wide-ranging applications in the physical and life sciences. We have previously demonstrated high-sensitivity and high-resolution NV- diamond magnetic field imaging devices in a university laboratory setting. The proposed SBIR project will transition these research results into commercial applications. The proposed diamond magnetic field imager will operate in a scanning-confocal mode, and be applicable to both physical science samples and biological systems. In Task 1 we will design a robust-packaged diamond magnetic field imager capable of meeting the following performance goals for a Phase II instrument: spatial resolution <300 nm, AC magnetic field sensitivity <10 nT/Hz1/2, and field-of-view ~1 mm. In Task 2 we will assess techniques to realize spatial resolution <100 nm for the Phase II instrument. In the Phase I Option we will update the Phase II instrument design to provide spatial resolution <100 nm and assess potential Phase III applications of a fieldable instrument. A commercialization strategy and technology transition plan is also presented.

Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(513) 272-1323
David C. Hovde
SB122-002      Awarded: 10/29/2012
Title:Magnetic Field Microscope Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) Centers in Diamond
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will examine methods to make maps of magnetic fields with both high spatial resolution and high sensitivity. The sensing element will be an NV doped diamond. Magnetic fields will be measured by electron spin resonance. The Phase I work will show that diffraction limited images can be obtained over a relatively wide field of view and will examine methods to enhance the signal to noise ratio of the images. The Phase I option will show that still higher resolution, beyond the diffraction limit, is possible.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Robert Purnell
SB122-003      Awarded: 11/30/2012
Title:Minimally Invasive, Self-Collection of Large Volume Biospecimens
Abstract:Human plasma offers the promise of a revolution in biomarker-based disease diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring. Absence of a trained phlebotomist in remote locations limits the diagnostic potential of the human proteome, as current self-administered point-of-care extraction volumes are insufficient for the detection of many of the low abundance biomarkers. Current devices for monitoring glucose levels are useful because glucose concentration is high enough for detection from microliters of blood, but biomarkers for many potentially life threatening conditions, are well below 10000 copies or molecules per milliliter, and thus require at least 100 L volumes of blood for reliable diagnosis and clinical action. Extraction of larger volumes is possible using lancets but requires sample transfer and is therefore prone to contamination in remote locations when operated by an inexperience user. Consequently, many potentially life-threatening conditions are undetectable in remote locations, and therefore present a danger to the health of military personnel. The Bio-Fluid Self-Extraction (BioFLEX) system addresses this problem by combining the simplicity of finger stick blood collection with a manual pumping system for storage of biofluid at volumes up to 500 μL, sufficient for downstream point of care diagnostics on low abundance biomarkers.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Sriram Shankar
SB122-003      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:A Vacuum-Actuated Microneedle Patch with Integrated Reservoir (VAMPIRE) for Minimally Invasive Blood Sampling
Abstract:Blood comprises a comprehensive compendium of biomolecules that is fully representative of human health; identification of specific biomarkers is useful for diagnosis, prediction, and monitoring of health, in real-time, making it the bio-fluid of choice for analytical applications. However, owing to the broad range of biomolecules in blood (10-log orders), the distribution of very low-level biomarkers in small volumes is governed by Poissonian principles and is not adequately representative. Thus, pinprick-based techniques often are not useful for accurate detection of such biomarkers. It is necessary to collect a larger, more representative volume of blood, but this is non-trivial, often requiring clinically-trained phlebotomists and highly invasive, painful methods. Lynntech is proposing the development of a low power/cost, minimally invasive, and relatively pain-free single-use device (VAMPIRE) for collecting larger blood samples (0.1-1 mL). The proposed device will be developed with a view towards potential future in-line integration with extant point-of-care diagnostics for easy, deployable use in remote settings. Additionally, the integrated reservoir will be designed to facilitate sample collection and storage for later-expanded clinical testing, if necessary. Sample collection is the weakest link in the chain of bioanalysis; VAMPIRE will provide unsurpassed, controlled, reproducible, blood-sample collection abilities that will bridge this niche.

Tasso, Inc
723 Jenifer St Apt #3
Madison, WI 53703
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 556-7606
Erwin Berthier
SB122-003      Awarded: 2/8/2013
Title:Integrated, self-actuated, blood collection and biomarker purification device
Abstract:Blood-based assays require upstream mechanisms to acquire sample from a patient, extract the analyte of interest, and preserve the analyte until it can be quantified. Current point-of- care assays overwhelmingly rely on lancet puncture, which is inconvenient because of the presence of blood that is open to the environment and induces high levels of user error inherent with the multiple steps required. In order to develop a platform that can be used in any situation (i.e. low resource setting, moving vehicle) and by an untrained user, we propose the development of a blood collection and sample purification platform integrated in a simple device that does not require complex fluid transfer steps. The technology proposed will allow accessible blood collection and high-purity extraction from the sample collected of a broad range of biomarkers such as viral particles, protein, RNA and DNA for downstream quantification and analysis. The disposable testing platform can be readily interfaced with components for in-the-field testing, or used for stabilizing the biomarkers of interest for safely shipping to a remote laboratory for analysis.

Breakaway, Ltd.
10150 York Road Suite 250
Hunt Valley, MD 21030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 316-9693
Jennifer McNamara
SB122-004      Awarded: 11/5/2012
Title:Virtual Responder: Blended Reality for Teaching STEM Education and EMT Skills
Abstract:Our approach is to use the vHealthCare platform to present First Responder training scenarios through a game, Virtual Responder, designed to teach medical diagnostics and procedures. This mobile application will initially be developed for deployment on an Android tablet with a long-term goal of also being available through iOS operating system as well. Both military and civilian presentations of the training scenarios will be incorporated. By presenting various scenarios, individuals will have the opportunity to transfer their learning into multiple contexts, which requires higher-level thinking as opposed to rote memorization often associated with skills training.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
SB122-004      Awarded: 11/5/2012
Title:Handheld Intelligent Tutors Personalized for Individual Training (HITPOINT)
Abstract:Training first responders to efficiently select and effectively carry out emergency medical procedures in dynamic, highly stressful, and novel environments remains a challenge. Many traditional training techniques focus on frequent repetition and memorization of basic lifesaving tasks. However, responders need an expert knowledge of the underlying anatomy and reasoning behind those tasks to effectively adapt them to novel situations. Training this expertise varies greatly across responders, who come to the training with unique skill sets, training needs, and aptitudes. We propose to design and demonstrate games that teach first responder skills and reinforce generalizable physiology principles through Handheld Intelligent Tutors Personalized for Individual Training (HITPOINT). HITPOINT will help responders simultaneously learn critical first-aid skills and understand the underlying principles of physiology by combining engaging gameplay, tailored performance feedback and guidance, and underlying STEM-based training methods. Through a unique blend of an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) and a realistic simulation of physiological systems, trainees will be able to go beyond rote learning of lists of rules and actively explore the realistic reaction of those systems to various lifesaving approaches. Combined, these methods will identify and address trainees unique pedagogical needs while providing the fundamental understanding necessary to face novel lifesaving situations.

Intific, Inc.
1 Enterprise Pkwy Suite 330
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 357-1811
Amy Kruse
SB122-004      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Space Doc: A Game-Based First-Responder Medical Training and STEM Learning Application
Abstract:Space Doc is a mobile, web-based STEM learning and medical training application set in a persistent world with a science fiction / science-fact context. You travel on a mission to Mars aboard a ship with 50+ team mates on a long journey with continual scenario dangers of every type that threaten mission success. You play as a first responder trainee and your team members are counting on you to help keep them alive. Those who are rescued through your efforts are unlocked in the game-based experience for future access while they teach and mentor you in relevant STEM topics and first responder procedures. Space Doc merges this game-based approach to STEM learning with realistic physiology systems simulation and permits novel use of mobile interfaces to maximum effect. Scores are based on both lives saved and knowledge acquired and players advance as experience adds up, unlocking more difficult dangers to deal with. Using a HTML 5 engine, tools and infrastructure that leverages ongoing work with DARPAs ENGAGE Program, the technology provides both an Action and a Learning Mode and readily supports tailored learning and training, either based on proficiency (adaptive), or in scenarios customized for a particular game audience.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 553-9694
Manoj Kanskar
SB122-005      Awarded: 11/1/2012
Title:Innovative Passivation to Increase the Power at Which Laser Diode Fails
Abstract:nLight proposes to suppress the key remaining output power extraction limiter COMD failure mechanism by passivating the cleaved facet of laser diodes with high bandgap semiconductor layers that is epitaxially grown in an atomically conformal manner at low temperature and in ultra-high vacuum.

SCIENCE RESEARCH LABORATORY INC
15 WARD STREET
SOMERVILLE, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 547-1122
ANDREW WALSH
SB122-005      Awarded: 12/11/2012
Title:Innovative Passivation to Increase the Power at Which Laser Diode Fails
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to increase the power of 20% fill-factor laser diode (LD) bars from the present state-of-the-art (SOA) of 60-70 W/bar to 600 W/bar a DARPA hard ten- fold increase. This revolutionary and disruptive increase in the power/bar will be accomplished by increasing the power at which SOA LDs fail, namely, increasing the threshold for catastrophic optical damage (COD) of the LD by improving the passivation of the facets. While SOA LD passivations are perfectly acceptable for SOA bars operating at 60-70 W, they are not capable of withstanding the 600 W/bar required for our military HELs.

sdPhotonics LLC
450 South Lake Jessup Avenue
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 929-6675
Sabine Freisem
SB122-005      Awarded: 10/29/2012
Title:Epitaxial growth for facet passivation of high power diode lasers
Abstract:A new facet coating material for high power diode lasers will be developed that reduces interface states at the cleaved facet and increases facet cooling. The facet coating is expected to be more robust and lead to increased power and brightness in high power diode lasers, bars and stacks. The facet coating technique makes use of commercial processes based on vacuum cleaving and epitaxial growth, and can be used to add optical elements to improve beam quality and spectral control.

Laser Operations, LLC
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 986-0000
Jeffrey Ungar
SB122-006      Awarded: 11/8/2012
Title:Ultra-Bright Diode Laser Emitters for Pumping High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
Abstract:High brightness directed energy lasers based on combining beams generated by fiber lasers and amplifiers require fiber-coupled 976 nm diode laser pumps with spatial and spectral brightness that exceed current state-of-the-art. We will meet these requirements by adapting 1060 nm MOPA designs with which we have demonstrated operation at brightness approaching 1 GW/cm^2*sr, to 976 nm.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 553-9694
Manoj Kanskar
SB122-006      Awarded: 11/19/2012
Title:Ultra-Bright Diode Laser Emitters for Pumping High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
Abstract:nLight proposes a novel semiconductor laser device operating at ~976 nm with a spatially single mode laser that is separately addressable to generate a few hundred milliwatts of power and then subsequently amplified to > 10 watts with a separate electrical contact in a larger gain area while preserving the beam quality resulting in > 1000 MW/cm2-Sr. We expect electrical-to-optical power conversion efficiency of >55% by using Super High Efficiency Diode Sources (SHEDS) design. We will also develop a concept for packaging these devices in nLights Gen-2 Pearl module.

TeraDiode, Inc.
11A Beaver Brook Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 952-2501
Robin Huang
SB122-006      Awarded: 10/26/2012
Title:Ultra-Bright Diode Laser Emitters for Pumping High-Power Fiber Amplifiers
Abstract:There is a compelling need for scaling fiber lasers and amplifiers to higher power and energy for industrial and military applications. The primary scaling roadblock today is the very limited brightness of diode laser pumps. We propose to produce the highest brightness diode laser pump sources for fiber amplifiers demonstrated to date. TeraDiode will build high efficiency pump lasers at 976-nm for application in pumping high power fiber lasers and amplifiers. These highly efficient pumps will be 10x to 100x brighter than those diode laser pumps that are currently available today.

MAV6
800 Cherry Street
Vicksburg, MS 39183
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 340-1304
John Tan
SB122-007      Awarded: 12/5/2012
Title:Foliage Propagation Model Development to Support New Communications Concepts
Abstract:The Foliage Abstraction RF Multiscale Estimation Rendering (FARMER) framework will perform high fidelity simulations of heavy foliage environments using a novel multiscale approach, dramatically extending the capabilities of existing foliage modeling tools and integrating existing computational electromagnetics (CEM) solutions. FARMER will use domain decomposition and an innovative scattering distribution function to support a multiscale methodology that has not previously been applied to this problem. Additionally, FARMER will use a pipeline architecture (PA) and software engineering best practices to facilitate integration of existing models. The proposed FARMER framework is a computationally scalable solution for modeling radio frequency (RF) propagation in complex, high foliage environments not possible with current methodologies.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Xuemin Jin
SB122-007      Awarded: 11/6/2012
Title:FOliage Communications Simulation (FOCS) Framework
Abstract:Reliable communications are essential for real-time situational awareness, sensor command, control planning and data access throughout the entire battle space for the warfighters. RF communications in forests, jungles and triple canopy environments (those with both an overstory and understory) are challenged by severe multipath and attenuation effects thereby limiting the warfighters access to critical data. Wave propagation models that extend beyond free space and urban environments into foliage-rich environments are needed to provide better prediction of multipath interference, attenuation, and absorption in non-uniform dense forest and jungles. We propose to develop a foliage propagation framework, FOliage Communications Simulation (FOCS), to model the propagation of electromagnetic fields in a realistic forested environment and support the simulation and evaluation of new communication methods and deployment scenarios. The framework features realistic forest modeling taking into account environment factors and forest topography, the scattering characteristics of individually based forest components, and the effect of ground and multiple scattering interactions among trees. The framework will be general enough to allow for future incorporation of improved forest representation as better terrain data are collected. The results from Phase I will be used to define a comprehensive foliage propagation model in Phase II.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 493-0057
Mark McClure
SB122-007      Awarded: 11/1/2012
Title:Foliage Propagation Model Development to Support New Communications Concepts
Abstract:Systems & Technology Research (STR) together with our partner, The Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory (OSU/ESL), is pleased to provide this proposal to develop foliage propagation modeling algorithms and techniques to support new communications concepts. Our innovative approach to this problem will combine efficient computational electromagnetic methods (CEM) that capture the salient foliage scattering phenomenology, analysis of measured data and communications systems analyses that exercise the CEM-based model for performance prediction. We propose to extend the well- established 4-layer model to a general N-layer model, and within each of the lower foliage layers incorporate a random distribution of tree trunks. Trunks are randomly distributed with random diameters. Larger tree trunks extend through the lower canopy into the upper canopy. Through rigorous numerical Monte Carlo studies and closed-form analytical techniques, we propose to derive channel models appropriate for different communications frequency bands. Models will include path loss, delay spread, dispersion and correlation between channels. The parameters of the models will be adjusted to fit experimental data based on inputs such as average tree spacing and diameter, dielectric loss factors for ground and foliage, canopy height, polarization, etc. These studies will reveal optimum communications link designs and coding schemes for a given scenario.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 259-9509
Tim Lewis
SB122-008      Awarded: 12/5/2012
Title:Advanced Flywheel
Abstract:The Advanced FlywheelTM (AF) technology utilizes an innovative configuration in conjunction with modern materials to deliver a flywheel energy storage system with an energy density in excess of 500 W-hr/kg and over 420 W-hr/liter. Using this technology, GTL proposes to develop an FOB scale (150 KWh) system that is capable of delivering 1 Megawatt of power. Based on the anticipated energy density, this 150 KWh system would be approximately 3.0 ft diameter and 2.0 ft tall, weighing 300Kg; which is dramatically smaller than any competing technology. Additionally, AF offers more than 2M cycles and a 20 year operating life with few maintenance requirements and the ability to withstand a broad range of operating temperatures. In the proposed effort, GTL will balance, spin and test an existing rotor developed on a previous DARPA project and demonstrate proof of concept. Should DARPA exercise the optional task, GTL would fabricate and test a magnetic bearing to verify its performance. The results of this effort will be used to determine the maximum performance that can be achieved with this transformational technology.

NOHM Technologies
PO Box 4869
Ithaca, NY 14852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 379-5444
Surya Moganty
SB122-008      Awarded: 10/31/2012
Title:Lithium-Sulfur batteries for energy storage applications
Abstract:NOHMs Technologies proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a novel Lithium- Sulfur chemistry for electrical energy storage that provides high charge and discharge rates, high cycle life, and high energy density. The proposed technology is based on innovative sulfur-infused carbon composite cathode materials (developed at Cornell University), which overcome the poor cycle life problems that have plagued Li-S batteries by encapsulating sulfur in mesoporous carbon hosts. The primary goal of Phase I project is to develop S@C composite cathodes that contain high sulfur loading (70%) and exhibit long cycle life (>1000 cycles). We propose to achieve this target using electronically conducting, optimal porous carbon hosts (by utilizing commercially available carbon feedstocks: carbon aerogel, coconut carbon and coal) for sulfur infusion, which limits polysulfide dissolution. The secondary goal of Phase I research is to improve the thermal and electrochemical stability of the electrolytes to further the reversibility of the redox reactions between lithium and sulfur and safety.

Qintelix, Inc.
8906 Wall Street, Suite 703
Austin, TX 78754
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-0608
Vladimir Mancevski
SB122-008      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:CNT-Based Electrostatic Supercapacitor for Energy Storage
Abstract:Qintelix, Inc. proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of a 1 MW scale carbon nanotube (CNT) based electrostatic energy storage system with high charge and discharge rates, high cycle life, and high energy density. CNT based electrostatic energy storage technology will enable a transformational shift from reliance on Lithium Ion battery technology to adoption of a novel electrostatic energy storage device that offers game-changing performance enhancement and also overcomes multiple drawbacks of conventional electrochemical battery systems. An analytical study will be conducted during Phase I to confirm the feasibility of achieving system level properties targeted by DARPA. A proof of concept demonstration will also be conducted and a technology path to enhanced performance will be identified.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
James R. McCracken
SB122-009      Awarded: 11/13/2012
Title:MSSAI-Multi-national Space Situation Awareness Interface
Abstract:Our Multi-national Space Situational Awareness Interface (MSSAI) program builds on our experience developing the Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) Mission System (JMS) User-Definable Operational Picture (UDOP), and will reuse large amounts of the technology. This will enable the development of a preliminary prototype to prove the feasibility of key supplementary technologies. Key new technology areas we have identified from our JMS experience and research for this effort include methods for international data sharing and data security. MSSAI will address issues of (1) human-computer interface differences, (2) multi-level security, (3) cultural differences, (4) language and terminology, (5) working and learning environment differences and preferences, and (6) command structure differences and preferences.

Valepro LLC
106 Abbott Lane
Madison, AL 35756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 331-0219
Zac Gorrell
SB122-009      Awarded: 11/29/2012
Title:Human-centric Coalition Space Situational Awareness
Abstract:Valepro proposes DOMINO as an intuitive cross-cultural solution for a common user defined operating picture (UDOP) for multi-mission situational awareness across US and Coalition forces by leveraging existing COTS capabilities used to analyze the global financial markets. The common analytical capabilities resident within these existing financial software packages provides the flexibility to display volumes of multidimensional realtime and archived data both efficiently and in a manner that is readily understandable to the user. By transforming the overall mission domain into a market, DOMINO provides US and Coalition commanders the same tools, techniques and displays used by global financiers and multinational corporations to assess, plan and make real-time coordinated decisions based upon constantly changing updates and breaking news reports. The proposed six month Phase 1 DOMINO effort consists of an assessment task resulting in a functional prototype of the selected visual analytics COTS software package applied to SSA. Within this assessment, US and Coalition space surveillance architectures will be instantiated and the metadata for specific SSA scenarios (e.g. new foreign launch, break-up, re-entry, anomalous maneuver) will be generated. The resulting DOMINO displays will be populated from the underlying data to enable an integrated cross-cultural medium for integrated US/Coalition situational awareness.

Applied Defense Solutions Inc.
10440 Little Patuxent Parkway Suite 600
Columbia, MD 21044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 482-8911
Jacob Griesbach
SB122-010      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Space Signatures for Rapid Unambiguous Identification of Satellites
Abstract:Many of todays sensors collect various data types beyond the traditional radiometric (range) or photometric (angles) that we call Space Object Identification (SOI) data. These data sources can yield discriminating satellite features and present a clear opportunity for correlation techniques to provide POI and improved track custody. We can use light reflectivity magnitude profiles and inverse synthetic aperture radar imaging to model spacecraft attitude. Heat signature profiling may be established with IR sensing as objects ascend and descend to/from Earth eclipsing. Maneuver models and profiling may be obtained as objects station-keep and perform momentum dumps. Multi-color and/or hyperspectral photometry may be used to infer materials of the satellites composition. RF transmissions may be analyzed spectrally to characterize what frequencies and coding techniques are used. We propose a new approach to data correlation. Our Phase I effort will research and design a prototype Bayesian discrimination framework to object identification and recognition. As an initial form of representative SOI data, we will develop an application to generate predictive optical magnitude (light curve) data, representative of actual observational data. We will modify a Multiple Model Adaptive Estimator (MMAE) approach to show how our core Bayesian discriminator concepts can efficiently and rapidly improve positive identification of catalogued (modeled) and un-catalogued (un-modeled) space objects. In addition, we will develop a tree-based taxonomy of representative 3D models to represent a variety of alternatives for the Bayesian discriminator. Finally, we will investigate the availability and accessibility of SOI data sources for future incorporation to the Bayesian discriminator for a possible Phase II follow-on effort.

Applied Optimization, Inc.
714 E Monument Ave Ste 204
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 431-5100
Tamara Payne
SB122-010      Awarded: 2/6/2013
Title:Space Signatures for Rapid Unambiguous Identification of Satellites
Abstract:The research objective of this proposal is to demonstrate a semi-automated association process based upon photometric and astrometric data collected by deep space sensors for UnCorrelated Tracks (UCTs) found in and near the Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO) regime. We will derive a method for parameterizing photometric data such that it can be fused with astrometric (kinematic) parameters, some of which are already used in the current manual process. The fusion process will provide a framework for assigning probabilistic associations in a semi-automated way. The Phase I technical objectives are focused upon how to process photometric information to assist in decreasing the association uncertainty. The key technical issue is how well the photometric features can discriminate between different objects, as our hypothesis rests on the addition of photometric information to astrometric data. During Phase I, we will focus on demonstrating what information can be added by photometric features. Statistical tests will be performed to analyze how quickly the association process can converge to the correct solution using both photometric and astrometric data.

Boston Fusion Corp.
1 Van de Graaff Drive Suite 107
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 583-5730
Francis O'Donovan
SB122-010      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Rapid Identification of Space Objects using Multisensor Signatures
Abstract:The Rapid Identification of Space Objects using Multisensor Signatures (RISOMS) program will develop, evaluate, and transition an innovative multisensor signature-based capability to rapidly establish and maintain positive identification on space objects. In the Phase I program we will: (1) develop an integrated algorithmic approach to exploiting multi- sensor signature data in space object identification; (2) design an initial concept framework of an end-to-end space object identification system that takes optimal advantage of, and enables, the signature-based approach; (3) perform a data-driven investigation for object signatures to validate the RISOMS approach; (4) extend the analysis and algorithms to include multiple sensors, beyond those traditionally associated with the Space Surveillance Network (SSN); and (5) investigate the algorithm design and system performance issues related to the exploitation of sequences of sensor observations versus single observations. The results of the Phase I program will demonstrate the feasibility and promise of the systems concept to be realized in Phase II.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Tiare Martin
SB122-010      Awarded: 2/6/2013
Title:Space Signatures for Rapid Unambiguous Identification of Satellites
Abstract:Providing rapid and reliable positive identification of individual satellites on orbit is necessary for timely space situational awareness (SSA). Currently, objects are frequently lost and sometimes by chance reacquired without recognition of its previous catalog existence unless manpower-intensive analysis intervenes to identify the historic lineage. Oceanit proposes to develop a methodology to rapidly identify objects using automated recognition algorithms that identify important features using multi-spectral signature analysis. Oceanit also proposes to proactively maintain custody of a large majority of satellites by predicting maneuvers given their historic orbital data.

---------- DHP ----------

60 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
DHP12-001      Awarded: 1/15/2013
Title:Tourniquet Master Training System for Junctional and Inguinal Hemorrhage Control Devices
Abstract:Junctional and inguinal bleeding is a significant and challenging problem on the battlefield. Inventors have developed new types of tourniquets, including the Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet (AAT) and the Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) to address these abdominal and pelvic injuries. While these hemorrhage control technologies have been developed, validated, and approved for use, training systems that teach and refresh skills related to these technologies have not been developed. Training systems for these types of injuries are vital because the injuries are rare on the battlefield and difficult to train. To address these needs, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of Tourniquet Master Training (TMT), a scenario-based training system featuring a reconfigurable, sensor-enabled mannequin linked to a software-based virtual mentor that teaches, assesses, and provides refresher training.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Kristen LeRoy
DHP12-001      Awarded: 2/25/2013
Title:HITS Hemorrhage Instrumented Training System
Abstract:Junctional and non-compressible bleeding is a life-threatening injury that requires immediate intervention. Therefore it is best to train even non-medics in the application of the life-saving methods to stop these hemorrhages. The ideal system would enable training on multiple injury types, react realistically to properly applied intervention, utilize the adjuncts as would be used in the field, and provide immediate, quantified feedback as to the trainees performance. In consideration of these requirements, Infoscitex is developing a physical mannequin that can provide the most realistic representation of junctional and non-compressible hemorrhage. The Hemorrhage Instrumented Training System (HITS) presented here is designed specifically for this purpose and includes the following features: - Realistic full-body mannequin enables training of body repositioning as necessary with medical intervention - Multiple pre-molded injuries allow rapid test setup for the instructor and allows multiple scenarios for the trainees - Realistically clotting blood analogue provides accurate and realistic response to appropriately applied interventions - Water cleanup makes test reset easy and quick - Instrumented mannequin skin and vasculature provide data that conforms with standardized scoring systems such as SCORM.

Operative Experience, Inc.
75 Greenhaven Drive
Elkton, MD 21921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 557-8876
Robert Buckman
DHP12-001      Awarded: 3/11/2013
Title:Simulation-based Training System for Junctional and Noncompressible Hemorrhage
Abstract:Deployed military medics and non-medic soldiers on the battlefield may be required to manage junctional and noncompressible hemorrhage. Devices such as the Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) and abdominal aortic tourniquet have recently been developed and deployed to meet this requirement. There are currently no realistic training systems for these devices which can limit their effectiveness in the field. For example, current training on the CRoC is limited to learning how deploy the device on unwounded, non-bleeding human volunteers. Operative Experience, Inc. proposes to meet this requirement through the development of a training program based on an anatomically accurate, vascularized, human body simulator with standardized size and weight, standardized artificial blood vessels and tissues, standardized blood pressure and flow and multiple, junctional wound patterns. These models will be based on our operative surgical model technology. The phase I effort will focus on a high-fidelity physical simulator of the shoulder with pressurized blood flow in an artificial axillary artery that is compressible by a properly-placed Combat Ready Clamp and that can exposed and clamped by surgical means.

POLYMERight, Inc.
4404-C Enterprise Place,
Fremont, CA 94538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 252-9090
Aleksander Yam
DHP12-001      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Junctional and Non-Compressible Hemorrhage Control Training System
Abstract:This proposal is to develop an adaptable and expandable simulation-based training system for teaching and training the soon-to-be-deployed medics in junctional and non- compressible hemorrhage control and other point of injury care trauma control scenarios using Combat Ready Clamp, Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet or similar devices. Training system will include: 1. A model of a torso mimicking anatomy of upper thighs, pelvic, abdominal, and thoracic/axillary segments of human body with major bones, muscles, aortic and venous vasculature, and simulated organs; 2. A programmable pulsatile/constant flow circulator that simulates arterial and venous bloodflow. 3. Monitored pressure/flow sensors embedded within vasculature to evaluate the efficiency of the applied hemorrhage control devices; and 4. A SCROM-compliant training course program that tests, evaluates, improves cognitive/psychomotor skills of trainees, and assesses the training effectiveness of the system. The training system will a) support acquisition of cognitive/psycho-motor skills required by field medics: b) minimize time and resource expenditures of training staff, improve quality and efficiency of cognitive/psychomotor training, c) reduce the cost of cognitive and psychomotor training, e) address virtual mentoring capability, reduce the time required by instructors and students, f) not generate any hazardous wastes from disposable elements, or require hazardous materials for storage/operation.

SimQuest, LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 230
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 587-9440
Dwight Meglan
DHP12-001      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:Junctional and Non-Compressible Hemorrhage Control Training System
Abstract:The proposed simulation-based system will provide training in applying a wide variety of hemorrhage control technologies and techniques, especially those that have been developed to manage junctional and non-compressible hemorrhage. The initial focus will be to provide learning scenarios for use of direct pressure, packing, and use of the Combat-Ready Clamp (CRoC) and Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet (AAT). Using as a foundation the work we have done to simulate hemostatic agent application (which in turn leverages our prior work in surgical simulation), we propose to use a combination of sensors, physics-based interactive computation, and display techniques with standard, low-cost, readily available manikins to create a robust, flexible configuration approach to providing hemorrhage control training that focuses on non-tourniquetable injuries. The system is envisioned as consisting of a thin battery-powered sensor that reliably measures pressure applied to it and wirelessly sends that information to a simulation computer.

Advanced Diagnostic Technologies LLC
536 E. Arrellaga Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 273-5517
Cristopher Geiler
DHP12-002      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:3D Printed heterogeneously integrated sensors embedded in Anatomical training models
Abstract:Despite the large number of procedural simulation models currently available, there is a definite need for low cost anatomical training models with integrated sensors capable of recording the location and pressure measurements of a users performance in training of cuts, and sutures. A paradigm shift in medical training is possible if sensors can either be fabricated independently and embedded into the model, or ideally incorporated in the fabrication process directly such that the users manipulation of the mode are tracked and recorded. Unfortunately, current synthetic models require validation and most still need an expert to review the novices actions subjectively. In an ideal system, extensive data on the performance of the user could be fed into realistic overall systemic models. In this work we propose a method of incorporating force sensors heterogeneously with synthetic tissue by using a multi-material 3D printing platform. This approach is expected to enable low cost sensing that can be integrated with additional sensors in a simulator to accurately track the performance of a student without requiring an instructor to watch.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Kristen LeRoy
DHP12-002      Awarded: 3/5/2013
Title:Physical Anatomical Trainer Instrumented for Education and Non-subjective Testing (PATIENT)
Abstract:Mannequins are often used to develop skills and train medical personnel. Existing models fall short of ideal functionality, however. Mannequins that can provide simulated systemic responses are generally not equipped for simulating surgical intervention. Mannequins that can simulate surgical intervention are not able to record exact student actions for quantifying their performance. In careful consideration of the needs of the system, and the best way to economically and realistically meet the needs, Infoscitex Corporation is developing the Physical Anatomical Trainer Instrumented for Education and Non-subjective Testing (PATIENT). PATIENT uses complementary technologies to present the most realistic model for modern training requirements for organs, vasculature, instrumentation, and controls. With the right components, the physical configuration of a proper tissue trainer is relatively straightforward. Under previous funding, we have developed inexpensive polymeric organ models that bleed realistically under traumatic or surgical events. We have also developed a blood analogue that clots in the presence of bandage and pressure. In this Phase 1 effort, we will address the instrumentation for the organs, the method for relaying force data and controlling the response of each organ, and develop the control algorithms that govern PATIENT.

Operative Experience, Inc.
75 Greenhaven Drive
Elkton, MD 21921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 557-8876
Robert Buckman
DHP12-002      Awarded: 2/13/2013
Title:Integrating Sensor Technology into Synthetic Anatomical Training Models For Objective User's Performance Measurement
Abstract:There is a need to accelerate the integration of advanced sensor technology into synthetic mannequins in order to facilitate objective measurement of user metrics during training and education activities. Although synthetic mannequins have become a common tool for medical training and education, until recently there have not been any artificial mannequins of sufficient anatomic or surgical fidelity for the performance of major operations. Operative Experience, Inc. has developed models and training modules to support the rapid training of combat medics and surgeons in approximately 20 critical trauma skills. These models will be enhanced through the incorporation of sensors to monitor, measure, and grade the performance medical trainees including trauma surgeons and combat medics as they undergo training. The phase I effort will consist of proof of concept demonstration by incorporating sensors in models for training in the diagnosis and treatment of tension pneumothorax and four compartment fasciotomy of the leg for compartment syndrome.

Advanced Diagnostic Technologies LLC
536 E. Arrellaga Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 273-5517
Cristopher Geiler
DHP12-003      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:3D Printed Digital nanocomposite synthetic tissue
Abstract:The DOD and commercial markets have a distinct need for low cost anatomically accurate, complex synthetic human tissue in order to improve training and improve surgical precision. In this project a novel multiple material print-head is developed using a 3D printer capable of depositing a wide range of materials such that bone, skin, blood vessels, adipose tissue, and muscle material properties are tightly matched with live human tissue.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Anna Galea
DHP12-003      Awarded: 3/5/2013
Title:Synthetic Heterogeneous Anatomy by Rapid Prototyping (SHARP)
Abstract:Modern advances in 3D printing and related additive manufacturing technologies offer an approach to provide high-fidelity anatomical models that can be used for medical simulation and training. Current 3D printing systems do not provide a method for various materials to be simultaneously deposited to represent the various properties of tissue, bone, muscle, etc, nor do they provide directionality of supporting structures on a micro-scale. For simulated tissues we need to be able to print materials that include the following properties: Wide range of stiffness from solid bone to gelatinous fatty tissues Modulus of elasticity that is different along one direction than in the orthogonal directions Controlled adhesion between layers of dissimilar materials Ability to create cavities for hollow organs and vessels Provide representative mechanical properties in addition to tactile feel and realistic colors Because of these unusual requirements, a rapid prototyping system for simulated organs and anatomical structures will require a custom design that advances the state of the art in rapid manufacturing. Infoscitex Corporation and its collaborators at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are currently developing the Synthetic Heterogeneous Anatomy by Rapid Prototyping (SHARP) system to address these needs.

SERAPH ROBOTICS, INC
100 FAIRVIEW SQ 5H
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 415-9267
Jeffrey Lipton
DHP12-003      Awarded: 2/14/2013
Title:Anatomic 3D Synthetic Tissue Printer for Medical Training
Abstract:Military medical personnel are not prepared to provide trauma care to severely injured soldiers in wartime due to inadequate and unrealistic battlefield training opportunities during peacetime. Training has historically been done on human cadavers and live animals, but cadavers are in limited supply, and animal rights groups and physicians are increasing pressure to end the practice of using live animals. Anatomically-accurate, high-fidelity mannequins have thus become more and more widely adopted as legitimate medical education tools. Seraph Robotics proposes to develop a solid freeform fabrication (SFF) method of creating medical simulation devices for training combat medical personnel in battlefield surgical techniques. Such devices would be superior to current patient simulator mannequins because they would be made of materials that are more similar to human bodies, and they could be designed to bleed like human bodies. This Phase I project would develop methods for the heterogeneous printing of objects with desired anisotropic material properties; develop methods for the SFF of structures that are pre-stressed in a controlled manner; develop methods for producing objects that are infusible with liquids for the simulation of capillaries and larger blood vessels; and develop a composite anatomical simulant for bone, muscle, adipose tissue, fascia and skin.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Erik Thomsen
DHP12-004      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Healthcare Exchange Language Management, Expansion, and Translation Services (HELMETS)
Abstract:The 2010 Presidents Council of Advisors on Science and Technology report on health information technology states that today, there is relatively little standardization in the health data captured and stored by different providers of healthcare services for the millions of active duty service members supported by the Military Health System. This lack of standardization leads to interoperability problems and the development of healthcare exchange models, which rely on capturing complex concepts in a fixed set of codes. However, these codes, used to share healthcare data across systems, become rapidly out of date as new techniques, research, and practices are adopted by caregivers and administrators. To enable truly universal exchange of healthcare information, we propose to design and demonstrate Healthcare Exchange Language Management, Expansion, and Translation Services (HELMETS). Our service consists of three primary elements: (1) an analysis layer that learns how languages are being used (i.e., convention) based on information extraction and document classification techniques; (2) a knowledge representation layer that captures the semantic structure in disparate exchange languages; and (3) a probabilistic modeling framework that translates between languages based on convention and semantics. This approach ensures that changes in practices, rather than changes in administration and policy, are always reflected.

InferLink Corporation
326 Loma Vista St.
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 944-4813
Greg Barish
DHP12-004      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:A Universal Translator for Health Languages
Abstract:The potential to transform healthcare management through information technology continues to grow, as more systems, devices, and people than ever before provide and collect health data. Unfortunately, progress is slow because the multitude of systems to integrate do not speak a common language. We propose to create a universal translator between health languages, which will allow multiple systems to co-exist, yet share key information. We intend to do this based on a proven, sound statistical inference methodology that is, in turn, powered by a machine learning approach. Combining both methods yields a systems that is both accurate and flexible, with the potential to significantly the reduce the cost of current methods. We have begun to demonstrate this to be the case in working with a prominent health informatics company on a similar challenge. Through this SBIR, we intend to extend that prototypical system to further improve the translation technology, while integrating the resulting system with important emerging sources like 3M's Healthcare Data Dictionary, all the while navigating towards the open sourcing of the end result.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Wes Turner
DHP12-004      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Learning the Language of Healthcare: Enabling Semantic Web Technology in CHCS
Abstract:The goal of this project is to implement a Universal Exchange Language suitable for nationwide adoption across healthcare providers, and accessible to patients and medical researchers under appropriate protections for security and privacy, as envisioned in the 2010 PCAST report on Health Information Technology. The team combines unique expertise on (a) the design and implementation of data management for healthcare applications, in particular in VistA and CHCS, (b) how to use data analytics to map this information into Linked-Data representations, and (c) open source software development and the promotion of open source communities. In Phase I of this project, a prototype implementation of this universal exchange language will be developed by following open source practices, and the resulting language and its associated infrastructure will be made publicly available as an open source resource in order to facilitate its wide adoption. The language will be constructed using agile methodologies and will be based on the data architecture of VistA and CHCS. The experience of the team indicates that the major elements required for implementing this language do exist already, and therefore the effort will be focused on the proper execution of the language implementation and its further promotion.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariners Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 545-1478
Terrance Goan
DHP12-004      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Bridging the Gap to Universal Health Information Exchange with Community-Driven Terminology Mediation
Abstract:The most critical obstacle to the seamless exchange of healthcare information is the translation from the proprietary medical ontologies of private providers to a universal reference language (i.e., the 3M Health Data Dictionary). Stottler Henke proposes to develop a new system, called Bridge, which will directly address this challenge through three primary techniques. First, we employ a novel approach to ontology mapping in which a community of domain and subdomain experts can work together to create more comprehensive and precise mappings with benefits including: higher dynamicity and up-to- dateness to changes over time, a reduction in errors and incomplete mappings through consensus reaching, and avoiding placing too high of a burden on any individual user. Second, we will enhance mapping accuracy by pairing these community contributions with a committee of complementary automated ontology mapping systems. Finally, we will incorporate an active learning module to recognize when ambiguity resolution by a human- in-the-loop can have a cascading effect throughout the automated mapping process and thereby prioritize user operations that can profitably constrain/direct the process with little effort. Phase I development of a limited prototype will provide a solid foundation for the complete implementation of Bridge in Phase II and its eventual commercialization.

SYSNET International, Inc.
2930 Oak Shadow Drive
Oak Hill, VA 20171
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 855-2029
Odysseas Pentakalos
DHP12-004      Awarded: 1/14/2013
Title:Prototype, Open-Source, Universal Healthcare Exchange Language
Abstract:Use of information technology within the U.S. healthcare system has made considerable strides forward in the past few years but to fully realize the full benefits of an Electronic Health Record - including higher quality and safety of care through access to the patients complete health record at the point of care, increased participation by patients in their healthcare through access to a shared Patient Health Record, considerable advancements in public health and evidence-based treatment, and increased efficiency in the healthcare system, the current interoperability issues must be resolved. The PCAST recently issued a report to the President where they propose that the way forward to realizing the full potential of information technology in healthcare is through the implementation of a Universal Healthcare Language Service. SYSNET International proposes to conduct during Phase I of this SBIR an in-depth study of the recommendations put forward by the PCAST report and produce both, a detailed architecture document of an effective implementation of those recommendations, and a prototype that demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed architecture for a specific domain of health data sharing.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Terry Patten
DHP12-005      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Health Online through Language a Medical Exchange System (HOLMES)
Abstract:The amount of information available from medical journals, patient records, and the cloud has increased beyond the point where clinicians can manage it using traditional means. Many clinical decision support systems (CDSS) have been created to manage this complexity, but these systems are often narrowly focused on a domain, quickly grow stale as new treatments become available, and do not account for variation in terminology. To address these needs, we are pleased to offer Health Online through Language a Medical Exchange System (HOLMES), a system for predicting provisional diagnoses, providing clinical decision support, and improving outcomes for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Like IBMs Watson, HOLMES takes a natural language query, retrieves relevant information, performs inference with this information, and returns an answer along with an associated probability and pointers back to the information it used to draw its conclusion. HOLMES offers on-the-fly information retrieval without the requirement of a supercomputer to maintain and operate a huge data store.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5214
Kaizhi Tang
DHP12-005      Awarded: 2/13/2013
Title:A Virtual PTSD Clinical Assistant with Cloud Computing and Mobile Interface: VPCA
Abstract:To provide better healthcare to PTSD patients, there is a strong need to develop a powerful PTSD CDSS based on evidence-based treatment strategies, acting as an anytime virtual assistant for PTSD professionals, Primary Care Physicians (PCP) and residents. To address this critical need, Intelligent Automation, Inc., proposes to develop an innovative Virtual PTSD Clinical Assistant with Cloud Computing and Mobile Interface: VPCA. The key innovation of VPCA is the utilization of Hadoop Ecosystem with scalable data storage and processing capability to enable the evidence based clinical decision support empowered by Watson-like predictive analytics across different domains for PTSD patients. VPCA consists of a set of indispensable components that are grouped in four sub-systems. The first sub- system is for knowledge and rule authorization. The purpose of this sub-system is to transform the PTSD decision guidelines, already recognized by PTSD professional in practice, will be transformed into business rules. The second sub-system is for data integration and warehousing that can include as many as possible clinical data for Watson- like predictive analytics. The third sub-system is for knowledge and rule discovery that can continuously improve the reasoning potential. The fourth sub-system is for online clinical decision support.

Lifecom Inc.
2828 SW Corbett Street Suite 122
Portland, OR 97201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 288-2393
Stephen J. Datena
DHP12-005      Awarded: 2/14/2013
Title:Prototype Application of Mobile, Cloud-based, Watson-Like Technologies for TBI/PTSD Clinical Decision Support and Predictive Analytics
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I project is to develop an engineering plan and to create a prototype for a mobile, cloud-based expert system to aid in diagnosis, decision support and predictive analytics to improve clinical outcomes for veterans, soldiers, and their families with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Lifecom, Inc. is a health information technology company with over ten years of experience enhancing the quality and safety of health care through improving the accuracy and timeliness of medical diagnosis and management. Lifecom has developed clinical decision support and predictive analytics technology based on its Adaptive Knowledge Engine (AKE), a novel, general-purpose, platform agnostic, and nonlinear decision engine. The AKE, in conjunction with its modular data ontology and industrialized content development process, uniquely positions Lifecom to successfully meet the requirements of this SBIR Phase I project. While initially focused on TBI and PTSD, Lifecoms engineering plan, supporting technology, and underlying clinical ontology will be capable of providing a template for the development and implementation of a range of future expert systems with semantic search capabilities that can serve any commercial or Department of Defense requirements, medical or otherwise.

SentiMetrix, Inc
6017 Southport Drive
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 498-5285
Vadim Kagan
DHP12-005      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Clinical Online PTSD and TBI Analysis for Decision Support (COPTADS)
Abstract:Epidemiological estimates indicate that at least 20 percent of the forces deployed in or returning from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars suffer PTSD or major depression. The number of veterans receiving mental health care has increased from 900,000 to 1.2 million in the past four years. Last year over 400,000 were diagnosed with PTSD, and studies indicate that not all cases of PTSD, depression, and contemplations of suicide are identified using post- deployment mental health assessments. In order to ensure effective and timely treatment, we propose to develop the Clinical Online PTSD and TBI Analysis for Decision Support (COPTADS) system featuring: • Highly Accurate Detection of Symptoms within a diversity of natural language based medical records • Highly Accurate Classification of Patients as very likely to have PTSD/TBI (or not) • Compelling Explanations of why certain patients are believed to have PTSD or TBI • Mobile Access so that doctors anywhere can get COPTADS assessments on a 24/7 basis • Scalability to ensure real-time processing of millions of medical records The SentiMetrix team has worked extensively on the analysis of natural language documents in order to predict whether subjects of blogs have either PTSD or TBI with 80% accuracy

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 213-6184
VC Ramesh
DHP12-005      Awarded: 2/13/2013
Title:Cloud-Based Predictive Analytics for TBI/PTSD
Abstract:Existing clinical decision support systems (CDSS) for TBI/PTSD are not well integrated with clinical pathways, terminologies/codes, and/or electronic medical records. Further, these CDSS do not leverage the latest computing technologies such as cloud computing, speech recognition, mobile computing and NLP. In particular, latest advances in machine learning / predictive analytics are not utilized. We propose to design and implement a TBI/PTSD CDSS that addresses these shortcomings.

Big Computing, LLC
1 Bradley Road Suite 404
Woodbridge, CT 06525
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 936-8244
Martin Schultz
DHP12-006      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Cohort Builder for Healthcare Quality Assurance and Comparative Health Effectiveness Research
Abstract:We propose to carry out a three-phase R&D project leading to a scalable, easy-to-use Cohort Builder software tool making it possible for clinical practitioners and quality assurance personnel to carry out comparative health research studies quickly and effectively, without the need for in-depth data or analytics expertise. In Phase I, we will investigate strategic, operational, and technical issues that must be resolved to develop a suitable cohort building and analysis tool for MHS, and we will create and assess a prototype tool design. This work will include assessments of a number of current GOTS or COTS products, with the joint aims of determining (a) the degree to which they have required cohort-building capabilities, (b) the feasibility and difficulty of integrating them with the varied array of MHS data system frameworks, and (c) the feasibility and difficulty of integrating them with suitable modules for data analytics. Based on our investigations and on consultations with MHS personnel, we will develop a detailed architectural design for a scalable, easy-to-use cohort builder/analytics tool that would meet the needs of MHS and be consistent with the MHSs current and planned transactional, data-mart, registry, and data-warehouse systems.

Commonwealth Informatics, Inc.
19 Woodbury Street
Gloucester, MA 01930
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 277-1287
David Fram
DHP12-006      Awarded: 1/9/2013
Title:Cohort Builder for Healthcare Quality Assurance and Comparative Health Effectiveness Research
Abstract:The goal of this project is to field an easy-to-use but highly capable cohort builder, integrated with Military Health System (MHS) data resources, that will enable clinicians, nurses and QA personnel to efficiently conduct clinical quality assurance and comparative effectiveness research studies, and to identify groups of chronically ill patients for whom there are opportunities for care remediation. Such a tool must effectively bridge the substantial gap between the end users formulation of a problem and the underlying computations required to provide an epidemiologically valid answer. A promising approach may be to create a graphical "data flow" environment which allows users to build up complex cohort definitions by composition from a set of familiar and easy-to-understand building blocks. Phase 1 will explore the feasibility of this approach by evaluating existing GOTS/COTS products, creating a prototype user interface, rounding out the list of required and desirable features, and planning for Phase 2. Commonwealth Informatics has assembled collaborators from Harvard Medical School Department of Population Medicine, Cleveland MetroHealth System, University of Marylands Human-Computer Interaction Lab (HCIL), and Stottler Henke Associates. Phase 1 deliverables include requirements and design documents, an implementation plan, and a comprehensive discussion of the relevant issues.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Madhav Erraguntla
DHP12-006      Awarded: 2/13/2013
Title:Cohort Development and Analysis Toolkit (CDAT)
Abstract:We propose to design and develop a Cohort Development and Analysis Toolkit (CDAT) that will assist clinicians, practice administrators and public health professionals in comparing the effectiveness of different clinical practices, including preventive and treatment modalities. The overall goal of CDAT is to facilitate comparative effectiveness research and evidence- based practice without the necessity for advanced expertise in biostatistics and databases. The proposed CDAT will in addition provide a mechanism for the implementation of findings to improve practice and quality of care directly to the study population. The proposed CDAT will allow clinicians, practice administrators, preventive medicine professionals and Quality Improvement (QI) personnel to: (1) Quickly and efficiently define cohorts and conduct scientific and QI studies to compare and evaluate their morbidity and mortality, (2) Retrieve and recapitulate findings in the literature based on study goals, and (3) Collaborate and share results with stakeholders by publishing the data mining models, analysis results, and cohort models in a secure portal and facilitate re-use. Business applications of CDAT include chronic disease management, comparative health effectiveness research, design, evaluation and monitoring of practice-based quality improvement programs and interventions, and areas of opportunity like mortality and readmission, utilization, length of stay, avoidable delays, etc.

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
William T. Gressick
DHP12-007      Awarded: 3/21/2013
Title:Intelligent Automated Insect Collection System (IFICS)
Abstract:Flying insect vectors and the diseases they transmit continue to be a significant source of concern for United States service members deployed in field operations. In an effort to reduce contact between the vectors and humans, military entomologists are often required to perform surveillance to assess the prevalence of disease vectors and to evaluate the effectiveness of control measures. Surveillance relies heavily on the use of trapping devices such as the CDC light trap, which has long been the standard device used by military entomologists. The standard CDC light trap, however, lacks many of the features required for reliable and accurate assessment of adult insect populations. As such, there is now an urgent need for improved and more broadly effective surveillance. To meet these needs, Barron Associates and its subcontractor Virginia Tech propose the development of the Intelligent Flying Insect Collection System (IFICS), which combines proven insect attraction methods with innovative sensing and signal processing technology to create a broadly- effective, low-cost and energy-efficient solution for flying insect surveillance. Features attractive to a wide variety of insects are included, making the IFICS an ideal solution for the Army's needs and positioning it as a widely-applicable solution for commercial and research markets.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Robert Fish
DHP12-007      Awarded: 3/21/2013
Title:Novel Sampling Device for the Surveillance of Adult Flying Insect Vectors
Abstract:The Army Defense Health Program has a need for a novel freestanding device to sample and collect a broad spectrum of adult flying insects for the purpose of analyzing possible disease vectors. McQ proposes to develop a flying insect sampling device (FISDe) that utilizes a modular approach to allow the assembly of components necessary for the survey mission. This device will allow for the automatic counting and identification of flying insects along with autonomous reporting and aggregation of the survey data.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
DHP12-007      Awarded: 4/2/2013
Title:Multi-Configurable Trap
Abstract:To meet the DHPs need for a freestanding, lightweight, compact, portable trap to collect a broad spectrum of flying disease vectors, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Multi Configurable Trap (McTrap), based on a combination of trap features that have proven effective in collecting different species; a solar-powered internal rechargeable power source; and a lightweight CO^2 source that can operate continuously for multiple days. Modular design packages these features and components into an easily assembled/disassembled freestanding trap, keeping the stowed McTrap 2x the size and 3x the weight of a stowed CDC trap. This results in a portable, reliable, and effective trap for military entomologists to accurately characterize the threat of disease vectors, e.g. Anopheles, Aedes, Culex, Phlebotomus, and Lutzomyia, on deployments to remote locations and environments. When in use, it can be placed anywhere from ground level to a freestanding height of over 1.5 m. In Phase I, POC will design the McTrap and fabricate a prototype to operate for over 24 hours without an external power source. In Phase II, POC will design and fabricate a fieldworthy prototype for testing in laboratory and field environments, for efficacy in collecting a variety of disease vectors.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 261-1145
Brady Clapsaddle
DHP12-007      Awarded: 3/6/2013
Title:Novel Vector Survaillance Trap for Flying Insects
Abstract:Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform surveillance to combat vector-borne disease. Of particular concern to the U.S. military are mosquito genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex, which are important vectors for malaria, dengue and West Nile virus respectively, and sand fly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia, both vectors for leishmaniasis. The trap most commonly used for by U.S. military staff performing vector surveillance is the CDC light trap, developed in the 1960s. Unfortunately, this trap is not effective against the complete range of vectors that threaten deployed forces, and has other deficiencies. Thus U.S. forces urgently require a highly versatile trap that efficiently captures multiple vector species, and is also lightweight, rugged, freestanding, compact for portability, and does not require an external power source. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to design a versatile trap for flying insects that incorporates all these features. In developing the trap design, TDA and its team will integrate recent advances in understanding of vector behavior critical to trapping, as well as incorporate the latest materials and power sources. In Phase I we will produce a trap design and fabricate prototypes for initial tests in an enclosure and in the field.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Kerrianne Mello
DHP12-007      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Novel Sampling Device for Surveillance of Adult Flying Insect Vectors(1001-896)
Abstract:In this program Triton Systems will develop a novel freestanding, lightweight, compact, portable sampling device to collect a broad spectrum of adult flying insect disease vectors. The new trap will have a modular design with interchangeable parts for different vectors. The proposed trap will be nestable for easy transport, robust and energy efficient. The design will exploit known and available lures and baits. It will be adaptable with different options to attract a range of adult insects. The device will offer considerable advantages over the standard CDC trap and will also reduce the need for different surveillance devices in the field.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Anthony J. Dietz
DHP12-008      Awarded: 4/22/2013
Title:Integrated Sensors for Balance Augmentation
Abstract:Soldiers recovering from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or relearning how to walk on a prosthetic lower limb often struggle with their balance. Of patients recovering from acute blast-induced mTBI, almost all (90%) report unsteadiness. These balance deficits affect ability to return to duty and ultimately quality of life. Recent research has shown that improvements can be made in upright standing balance by augmenting sensory information. For instance, sway-referenced tactile feedback improved patients balance. At present, there is a lack of systems capable of providing the measurements needed to apply these techniques to assist with balance during dynamic tasks such as walking. The potential to improve balance during walking and other more complex tasks would have an enormous impact on the quality of life for patients suffering from these sensory deficits and would provide a new tool to assist with rehabilitation. This project aims to create a system capable of providing the data necessary for augmenting sensory cues during dynamic tasks.

Ekso Bionics Inc
1414 Harbour Way South Suite 1201
Richmond, CA 94804
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 735-8980
Tim Swift
DHP12-008      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:Multisegmental Sensor Integration for Balance Control
Abstract:With this Phase I SBIR project we intend to develop technical solutions to the primary issues limiting the feasibility of a stand-alone real-time balance feedback device. We intend to develop a technique that uses multiple sensors to estimate the orientation of the users body segments in the presence of real world disturbances. The effort will develop and validate techniques for accurate real-time estimation of center of mass (COM) and center of pressure (COP). The methods will be implemented on an existing hardware platform, our lower extremity exoskeleton Ekso. We will leverage Ekso as a platform to increase development speed while still being in a human centered application. This effort will also seek to develop a balance classification method that can score the balance of a user. We intend to implement this balance classification method in a stationary standing posture but will design an extension to dynamic walking for use in a later phase of the project.

Engineering Acoustics, Inc.
406 Live Oaks Blvd
Casselberry, FL 32707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 645-5444
Bruce Mortimer
DHP12-008      Awarded: 5/14/2013
Title:Multisegmental Sensor Integration for Balance Control
Abstract:Fall-related events are the leading cause for injury deaths among people 65 years and older. Blast related balance dysfunction is a significant problem the military. Recent advances in Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) have made accessible a variety of extremely small, rugged, reliable, low power consumption, and inexpensive sensors of acceleration and pressure. A collection of these devices should be capable of providing similar proprioceptive information that the distributed biological sensors of the human body provide the brain to carry out complex mobility tasks. This project aims to determine the minimal number, location and type of sensors required to provide real-time balance information for a wearable dynamic balance measurement system. We will develop new wearable sensors for determining key biomechanical parameters including; multiple segment, networked inertial sensors, shear sensors and environmental classification sensors.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Anna Galea
DHP12-008      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:OMBA - On the Move Balance Assessment
Abstract:Balance disorders have a large negative impact on quality of life. Several methods have been developed that can help patients stay balanced, however these systems at present remain tethered to a gait lab or to a balance platform. A real time system that calculates the center of pressure and extrapolates the patients motions to determine stability during ambulation would enable these systems to become ambulatory devices that a patient can use at all times, dramatically increasing their usefulness to the patient population and opening new avenues for more intense training that may yield better results faster. The On-the-Move Balance Assessment (OMBA) system is designed to meet the noted needs. OMBA uses two different algorithms to robustly calculate whether the user is in danger of falling, providing predictive information in time for corrective action. OMBA is designed to be comfortable to wear and easy to use, with extremely low rate of false positives and no false negative alerts. Our team is well positioned to develop OMBA within the SBIR framework. We present a Phase I proposal aimed to address the novel aspects of the system, so that a complete system can be fabricated and tested in Phase II.

Liberating Technologies, Inc.
325 Hopping Brook Road suite A
Holliston, MA 01746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 893-6363
Jennifer Johansson
DHP12-008      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:Multisegmental Sensor Integration for Balance Control
Abstract:Falling and the fear of falling often lead to lack of independence and decreased mobility, followed by functional deficits and reduced quality of life. All these consequences of falling put a heavy burden on the healthcare system. Given the high cost associated with falling, research in this area has garnered much attention. Some research has identified that both vibrotactile trunk tilt feedback and vibrotactile foot pressure feedback significantly decrease fall risk in healthy elderly subjects as compared to no feedback. These technologies are currently being marketed as the Balance Belt and Walkasins, respectively. Our approach entails using these existing technologies in a unique way to develop a multisegmental sensor system for balance control. We envision combining the proven technology of the Balance Belts tilt sensor with commercial off-the-shelf Inertial Measurement Units (IMU) to obtain a reliable and extremely accurate measure of the Center of Gravity. We shall also combine the orientation of the hips and legs measured by the IMUs with the Walkasins demonstrated ability to determine the Center of Pressure (CoP) for each foot to determine the location of the whole body CoP during standing and the phases of gait that both feet are on the ground.

Benson Medical Instruments Company
310 4th Ave. S. Suite 5000
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(612) 827-2222
Stephen Benson
DHP12-009      Awarded: 3/20/2013
Title:Ear Protection Validation System
Abstract:This proposal contains the description for a hearing protection device (HPD) fit-test instrument, the CCA-200fit. The CCA-200fit has the capability to determine if an individual is receiving effective noise protection from an HPD. The CCA-200fit also has training capabilities via a display, audio, and a touchscreen which will allow it to provide instruction, feedback, and results to the individual being tested. The instructions will be provided in the subjects own language. A REAT (Real Ear At Threshold) fit testing algorithm utilizing either deep cavity headset or free field speaker will be used which will allow a fit-test to be conducted on a wide range of HPDs. The CCA-200 fit will be capable of both a highly automated mode that will test up to ten individuals at once and a highly interactive mode that will test a single individual. It will also have many additional features such as SQL Server database, reporting capabilities, import/export, SQL generation capabilities, and etcetera. Database capabilities include the ability to view, modify, sort, select, print, backup, restore records related to tables that contain subject, audiogram, fit-test, user-defined, company, and etcetera information.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4630
Devendra Tolani
DHP12-009      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Portable, Hearing Protection Device (HPD) Assessment System (PHAS)
Abstract:Good hearing is critical to understanding verbal communications, and to auditory situational awareness in military training and on the battlefield. Also, hearing protection is critical to the health and safety of those exposed to hazardous noise. In veterans compensation cases, Tinnitus and Hearing loss are the two most common disabilities awarded by the VA. Exposure to high noise levels, both hazardous and non-hazardous, may lead to excessive fatigue, reduced efficiency, headaches, sleep loss, muscle tension, high blood pressure, reduced reaction time and reduced concentration. (Army Hearing Program ST4-02.501, 2008). The effectiveness of hearing protection is dependent, not only upon the Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) of the devices, but also upon how they are fitted. The proposed research seeks to develop a portable, low cost, ruggedized, HPD Assessment System, which can be used in the field to validate levels of protection supported by HPDs at a personal level. The system will be capable of testing multiple users simultaneously, support a Field Microphone in Real Ear (F-MIRE) measurement method, provide a Personal Attenuation Rating (PAR) for each patient under test and provide data interfaces which are compatible with existing DOD systems such as the Defense Occupational and Environmental Health Readiness System (DOEHRS-HC).

KCF Technologies, Inc
336 South Fraser Street
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-4097
Richard Geiger
DHP12-009      Awarded: 3/27/2013
Title:Multiple-user Wireless Hearing Protection Device Validation and Training System
Abstract:KCF proposes to build a general wireless hearing protection device validation system with miniature, wireless in real ear microphones. The microphones will be battery-free to enable the reduction in size necessary to fit in the canal for testing with any hearing protection device. KCF has developed a low power wireless protocol that allows the microphones to run on small amounts of power that can be transferred wirelessly to them. Unlike commercial protocols, the protocol also includes multiple concurrent communication channels so that many users can be evaluated at once. The data from the in ear and external microphones will be passed wirelessly to a database, and finally to a handheld tablet computer such as an iPad.

Michael & Associates, Inc
2766 W. College Ave Suite 1
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 234-7042
Kevin Michael
DHP12-009      Awarded: 4/18/2013
Title:Ear Protection Validation System
Abstract:A new Field-Microphone in Real Ear (F-MIRE) Field Attenuation Estimation System (FAES) is proposed. The insertion loss measurements will utilize a sub-miniature microphone mounted deep in the ear canal. An ultra-thin flat flexible cable (FFC) will connect the microphone to the PC-based analysis module. Human subject and test fixture verification tests have been performed demonstrating that the FFC has no significant effect on insert- type hearing protector attenuation. The FAES system will be compatible with all types of hearing protection, including muffs, inserts, muffs plus inserts, and active noise control devices of either muff- or insert-type. The microphone will be encased in a proprietary, acoustically transparent, removable encasement that will maintain the microphone in a proper measurement position while preventing contact between the microphone and the delicate ear canal walls. The analysis hardware and software will present attenuation data in octave or third-octave band format. A single number Personal Attenuation Rating (PAR) will be generated from these octave band data, and other metrics such as predicted Time-Weighted Average (TWA) exposure, noise dose, and maximum allowable exposure.

Archinoetics, LLC
700 Bishop St. Suite 2000
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 585-7439
Charles C. Martin
DHP12-010      Awarded: 2/25/2013
Title:Self Powered Biosensors
Abstract:In this project we will determine the feasibility of using motion from respiration to generate power for the circuits necessary to acquire and wireless transmit heart rate and respiration rate to a nearby receiver. Power generation will be based on electromagnetic induction. Circuitry will consist of a rectifier, a power conditioner, a system on a chip (SOC) and a wireless transmitter. Each subsystem will be designed to minimize power consumption. This work will provide the foundation for a comfortable, rugged, waterproof, low maintenance cardio/pulmonary strap.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 848-0273
Paul Theilmann
DHP12-010      Awarded: 2/12/2013
Title:Self Powered Biosensors
Abstract:In response to the DHP 12-010 self powered biosensor solicitation, MaXentric proposes the VitalH system. Acknowledging the difficultly in creating a completely self-powered bio- sensor system that wirelessly transmits vital sign information, MaXentric has developed a solution which is extremely power efficient and minimally invasive. The VitalH garment continuously senses full ECG waveforms in a comfortable contactless manner. The ECG data is wirelessly transmitted to a display device (smart phone, tablet, etc) which uses the VitalH software to calculate, store and display heart rate, respiratory rate and full ECG waveform data. Using ultra-low duty cycle transmission, power consumption of the wireless transceiver is minimized. This technique reduces power requirements to levels at which operation of the entire system can be sustained via harvested power. Power for system operation is harvested from respiratory effort. This is an important advantage of the VitalH system. Since power is provided by one of the vital signs being measured, the system ensures that energy will always be available to process and transmit sensed data. Through the use of advanced software and hardware techniques the VitalH system is free of many of the issues that plague ECG sensor systems.

CCL Biomedical Inc.
224 N. Washington Street
Havre de Grace, MD 21078
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 939-9356
Nina M. Lamba
DHP12-011      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:High Performance Antimicrobial Textiles
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I SBIR proposal is to develop and evaluate a new antimicrobial coating to augment infection control in medical care settings. Laboratory and clinical studies have shown that bacteria can survive for weeks on items found in hospital patient rooms. Such items and are believed to play a role in the transmission of infectious agents. Reducing the number of microorganisms surviving on clothing and furnishings may be an important route to reducing the number of opportunistic infections. Infections lead to increased treatment time, costs, and mortality. CCL Biomedical will use its novel patented biocides and application processes to advance the current state of antimicrobial textiles. During this Phase I program, we will synthesize, characterize and bond patented biocides to natural and synthetic fabrics. Laboratory evaluation will include chemical, physical and microbiological characterization of the finished fabrics. The biocidal performance of these compounds is expected to supersede currently available antimicrobial technologies, leading to Phase II and III activities that assess additional microbiological characteristics, as well as durability and scalability for large-scale manufacture. In addition to medical textiles, additional product applications including soldier uniforms with improved biodefense capabilities are anticipated.

Medetech Development Corp.
12527 Mukilteo Speedway suite 103
Lynnwood, WA 98087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 442-5246
zhengbing cao
DHP12-011      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:Durable and rechargeable antimicrobial textiles
Abstract:For soldiers in the field, there are limited opportunities for normal hygiene. Showers/bathing facilities are limited, as is the ability to launder uniforms, underwear and bedding. A lack of clean water can make even basic hygiene difficult-- in addition to the obvious problem of unsanitary drinking water. Also, the infection-control challenges the military faces in field hospitals and in combat medical procedures are far greater than the infection-control problems faced by civilian hospitals and emergency responders. The typical infection-control methods used in civilian hospitals often cannot be applied in field medical shelters during combat. It is therefore imperative that exposure to pathogens on clothing, on surfaces and during medical treatment of wounds be minimized. Antimicrobial textiles have been used to reduce odor and risk of infection. Currently, there are numerous products on the market. However, not one of these products can come close to meeting DoD needs. The ultimate objective of this proposed project is to provide antimicrobial functions to uniforms and undergarments for soldiers to control body odor and reduce the risk of infection, and to provide medical textiles with antimicrobial functions for medical shelters and military hospitals to help prevent the transmission of pathogenic bacteria under field conditions.

NanoScale Materials, Inc.
1310 Research Park Drive
Manhattan, KS 66502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(785) 537-0179
Shyamala Rajagopalan
DHP12-011      Selected for Award
Title:Natural Essential Oils and Nanocrystalline Oxides based Antimicrobial Coatings
Abstract:Improved hygiene standards and the threat of infectious diseases demand materials with properties that inhibit the survival and proliferation of pathogenic microbes. In particular, recent United States and multi-national military missions have demonstrated the need for antimicrobial textiles that are not only cost effective but also deliver a strong performance in protecting the lives of personnel in a high risk infectious environment. The purpose of the proposed project is to demonstrate the feasibility of combining biologically active Natural Essential Oils with highly porous Nanocrystalline Oxides to produce a composite coating (NEON OAC) which is effective against a range of pathogens. A standard battery of tests will be used to screen candidate formulations, and promising formulations will be fine-tuned to enhance performance. Further bench scale testing of these formulations will be done with NEON OAC treated cotton fabrics, using accepted industry test methods. The goal of the project is to produce textile coatings that show 4 log reduction or greater of several infectious organisms by the required protocols, and balance cost, toxicity, and high efficacy rate at room temperature without degrading the properties of the substrate.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Dorin V. Preda
DHP12-011      Awarded: 1/15/2013
Title:Novel Dendrimers for Antimicrobial Textile Finish
Abstract:The US Department of Defense identified a continuing need for antimicrobial textiles to provide a range of capabilities such as integration in Soldier uniforms to control odor or in medical textiles to control the transmission of pathogenic bacteria. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to functionalize fabrics with novel antimicrobial dendrimers. These compounds will be used as a textile finish in a one-step process and will provide a high concentration of the antimicrobials on the surface of the fabric thus increasing the biocidal effectiveness. In addition, the proposed process will prevent leachable materials from being produced and will not lead to degradation of fabric properties. On a potential Phase II program, PSI will expand the use of this technology for multiple fabrics and will provide additional characterization of the finish. In addition, PSI will investigate the scale up of this technology to design high throughput process that will allow large volumes of fabrics to be treated with the antimicrobial finish.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Vladimir Gilman
DHP12-012      Awarded: 2/22/2013
Title:Biosensor and Controller for Closed Loop Anesthesia Delivery System
Abstract:A sensor for rapidly and reliably measuring the blood concentration level of an intravenously administered analgesic/anesthetic medication is proposed, providing a key feedback element for closed loop target controlled infusion analgesia/anesthesia (TCIA) systems. The addition of direct measurement of analgesic/anesthetic concentration to existing physiological/neurological feedback will address FDA concerns regarding closed loop TCIA systems and thereby facilitate approval. In the context of forward surgical care and medical evacuation of injured solders, the potential benefits of closed loop TCI are greatly multiplied, where medical personnel are stretched thin, conditions are hostile, and rapid changes in patient status are frequent. The proposed sensor achieves high signal to noise ratios, when measuring propofol, nalbuphine, and other phenolic compounds (e.g., opioids), thereby enabling accurate measurement of analgesia/anesthesia concentration with minute volumes of blood. Moreover, it is inherently small, suggesting that it can be designed for deployment for forward or EnRoute care, where size, weight and power are key considerations. Accordingly, Phase I will include (1) proof-of-principle testing in the laboratory, (2) planning and preparation for Phase II testing of prototype sensors in which sensor performance will be verified, and (3) development of a sensor design that is suitable for military deployment.

Infusense
6415 River Tide Drive
Memphis, TN 38121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 566-3912
Chuck Witkowski
DHP12-012      Awarded: 3/28/2013
Title:Biosensor and Controller for Closed Loop Anesthesia Delivery System
Abstract:Microfabricated chemical and biological sensors serve as an interface between biologic and electronic systems. Previously, through TATRC-funded research grants (W81XWH-05-2- 0064, W81XWH-10-1-0358), we have investigated the behavior and detection of propofol using electrochemical (EC) methods. Using these analytical methods, we have quantified the oxidation of propofol well below therapeutic concentrations in reagents and in serum, and have designed and fabricated several prototype biosensors using; 1) carbon fiber microdisc electrodes, 2) carbon nanofiber electrodes, and 3) organic membrane-coated carbon electrodes. We have previously tested and reported on sensor performance, signal sensitivity and stability, biofouling, and biological interference ex vivo to model clinical performance and validated sensor performance in pilot clinical studies. We have also developed a prototype preclinical platform feedback control loop (including controller design elements) for closed- loop infusional propofol anesthesia to automate drug delivery in real-time in vivo, using small infusion systems. The goal of this Phase I SBIR is to integrate our biosensor prototypes and EC methods with current TCI pump technology and complete controller design testing of the small platform closed loop device to deliver real time (<1 second) sensing of propofol levels.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
DHP12-012      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Intelligent Sensor for Closed-Loop Anesthesia Delivery System
Abstract:To address the Army Medical Research and Material Commands need for closed-loop anesthesia system Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Intelligent Sensor for Closed Loop Anesthesia Delivery (iSCAD) system based on a novel optical spectroscopy technique and a multisensor fusionbased control algorithm. The key innovation in the iSCAD is its novel system design that allows accurate detection of propofol in blood which does not result in any discomfort to the patient, making it suitable for field environment and hospital use. iSCADs novel processing of sensor information to generate a measure of depth of anesthesia enables better control of anesthesia delivery resulting in improved therapeutic outcome in terms of reduced pain, faster recovery, and reduced side effects to the warfighter. In Phase I, POC will develop an iSCAD system model, perform analysis and develop a bench-top prototype. We will perform feasibility testing on this TRL 3- 4 prototype to evaluate performance metrics such as sensitivity, accuracy and detection limits. In Phase II, we plan to build and validate a complete clinically fieldable, TRL-5 system on an animal model to determine its clinical safety and efficacy as well as evaluate its productization.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 890-1338
Vladimir Gilman
DHP12-013      Awarded: 1/11/2013
Title:Tissue Specific Topical Treatment for Peripheral Neuropathy
Abstract:Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is condition in which a single nerve, nerve groups, or nerves become damaged. Neuropathic pain can be difficult to manage. Mild pain can be treated with over the counter analgesics. In cases when the pain is persistent and more severe, injections of, or topical patches containing local anesthetics, can be used. In order to provide a safe and no adverse side effect PN pain relief, the topical application and neuronally specific delivery of painkillers is an important strategy. Iontophoresis is a medication delivery method that can be used to reduce the risk of systemic side effects as opposed to oral medications by delivering a greater concentration of medication to a local area with a very low systemic dose. The result is a noninvasive drug delivery method with high patient acceptability. Nano-formulated compositions are promising means for transdermal tissue specific drug delivery, as they allow both long-term drug stability and sustained on demand release of the active drugs. Infoscitex Corporation (IST) and Northern Kentucky University (NKU) developed a concept that combines both of the above methods to result in a highly efficient, biocompatible, and topically administered and tissue specific PN treatment.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Anjal Sharma
DHP12-013      Awarded: 12/21/2012
Title:Epicutaneous Gel for Delivery of Targeted Therapeutic to Treat Peripheral Neuropathy
Abstract:Peripheral Neuropathy (PN) is a painful debilitating condition caused by progressive subcutaneous nerve damage due to diabetes, chemotherapy or as a result of traumatic combat injuries. Systemic or topical administration of existing therapeutics alleviates pain but does not address progressive nerve damage. High dosages requisite for therapeutic effect increase long-term toxicity risk. Lynntech, Inc. proposes a biocompatible epicutaneous gel system to (a) topically deliver a therapeutic which may mitigate pain and halt or reverse nerve damage, (b) directly target receptors on neurons to reduce dosage and decrease long term toxicity risk and (c) be easily administered due to its familiar topical gel format. Phase I will provide proof-of-concept for improved neuronal targeted delivery of the therapeutic as directly compared to delivery of a currently utilized NSAID using an appropriate in vitro 3D skin equivalent model. Phase II will further optimize the topical gel system and therapeutic for improved skin barrier penetration and increased neuronal targeting ability which will be demonstrated using an appropriate in vivo model of PN. This innovative epicutaneous gel system is of direct relevance to the missions and goals of the USAMRMC as it may significantly improve the quality of life of our soldiers with PN.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
DHP12-013      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Nano-Therapeutics for Peripheral Neuropathy
Abstract:To address the DHP need for a controlled, target-specific delivery system for topical treatment of peripheral neuropathy (PN), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop Nano Therapeutics for Peripheral Neuropathy (NATPEN). The NATPEN will include a nanocarrier (NC) loaded with specific drugs, a biocompatible gel to contain the NC, and a microneedle patch for transdermal delivery of the therapeutic. The innovations in the NATPEN as a topical treatment modality will enable minimally invasive, extended, targeted delivery of drugs to the peripheral terminals of the sensory neurons. The NATPEN modality has minimal toxicity and is easy to administer. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the NATPEN concept by developing a prototype of a topical drug delivery system capable of transporting the therapeutic through skin and having nerve targeting capability and controlled release of the drug. In Phase II, POC plans to optimize, demonstrate, and validate the therapeutic modality in animal models of PN. The FDA approval pathway will be outlined and considered at each developmental stage.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Hans-Peter Brecht
DHP12-014      Awarded: 5/14/2013
Title:Pelvic Model with multi-Sensory Data Acquisition
Abstract:To address the DHP need for a biometric model to address dismounted complex blast injury of the pelvis, abdomen, and genitals, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Pelvic Model with multi-Sensory Data Acquisition (ELVIS). This proposed model is based on the combined development of a numerical model for blast effect prediction for different impact forces and an anatomically correct pelvic model with a number of physical sensors, which will be used to provide comprehensive information about the blast effect and to validate the numerical model. The innovation in the simultaneous development of a numerical model and an anatomically correct physical model that can be used for separate tests or numerical model validating will provide the medical research community with a superb tool for the dismounted complex blast injury study. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ELVIS by developing a simplified numerical model and validating it against the sensor measurements from a physical prototype. In Phase II, POC plans to further develop the epidemiology study and develop a comprehensive injury prediction model for various blast effects.

AreteX Engineering
1050 Luminary Circle, No. 106
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 886-6400
Behnood Gholami
DHP12-015      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Objective Method for Pain Detection/Diagnosis
Abstract:Multiple studies have identified physiological and behavioral variables that are associated with pain intensity in critical care patients. In this phase of the research, we propose to investigate the feasibility of developing a multi-modality pain intensity detection algorithm predicated on physiological and behavioral indicators of pain as well as designing a plan to "calibrate" and validate the pain score provided by the algorithm. Specifically, we will use the physiological data generated by patient monitoring devices currently in use in the critical care environment as well as introduce the use of a number of sensors in order to complement the information provided by existing sensors. We propose to use machine learning to fuse the multi-modal sensor data and provide an objective assessment of pain intensity. Our proposed approach is adaptive in nature, and hence, can address challenges of intrapatient and interpatient analgesic state variability. In addition, the proposed sensor fusion framework is robust to sensor failure and incomplete sensor measurements making it especially appealing for combat critical care and combat evacuation. The emphasis of the approach will be on a portable objective pain detection device which can be utilized for monitoring nonverbal patients in the combat environment as well as in evacuation scenarios.

BIOLOGICAL COPROCESSORS, INC.
258 Elm Street Suite 200
Somerville, MA 02144
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 256-2363
Newton Howard
DHP12-015      Awarded: 3/27/2013
Title:Objective Method for Pain Detection/Diagnosis
Abstract:In 2011, acute and chronic pain affected 116 million people in the United States and costs the U.S. economy $635 billion every year (Institute of Medicine). According to the NIH, 40% patients seeking medical attention do so because of pain. Biological Coprocessors Inc. (BCP) has identified an objective signature of pain in the brain. BCP seeks Phase I funding to validate the objective electroencephalography (EEG) signature of pain and its intensity and develop a pain detection algorithm software. Our long-term goal (Phase 2, 3) is to develop and commercialize a user-friendly brain wave sensing device that utilizes our pain detection algorithm software to be used by DoD, physicians, pharmaceutical companies as well as consumers. The expected cost savings of using our device is to better diagnose and monitor pain levels, to decrease trauma recovery time, and improve pain management strategies. BCPs team includes top experts in pain, neurosurgery, electrophysiology, computational neuroscience, military defense studies and medical product commercialization in the field of neuroscience.

Biomarker Profiles Corporation
26442 Beckman Court
Murrieta, CA 92562
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 440-7374
Leticia Cano
DHP12-015      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Identification of Biomarkers for Pain Detection/Diagnosis
Abstract:We propose to identify biomarkers associated with pain and design a biomarker assay that can be used by scientists to study pain in many different diseases/conditions. Two biomarker discovery strategies will be used to identify candidate biomarkers in diseases associated with chronic pain. Diseases include fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. From a literature search, we have identified over 180 candidate biomarkers associated with pain. To verify each molecule using antibodies would be costly. Hence, we propose mass spectrometry based approaches that can identify hundreds of proteins from small sample sets. The first biomarker discovery strategy is the proteomic analysis of protein complexes isolated from plasma. We have been successful at identifying different protein sets from different diseases using this approach and think this is a feasible approach for this study. The second strategy is the proteomic analysis of small proteins isolated from plasma. We expect to find small neuropeptides known to be associated with pain using this approach. The proteomic data will be mined to look for biomarkers and protein modification. A biomarker database will be used to select the best candidates for pain and a high-throughput assay will be designed for biomarker verification/validation.

BioSensics LLC
165 Pleasant St., Suit 302
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 589-6213
Bor-rong Chen
DHP12-015      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Objective Method for Pain Detection/Diagnosis
Abstract:Pain is subjective and inherently difficult to quantify, yet appropriate pain management is predicated on adequate assessment. Whenever possible, pain is measured by the patients self-report. Patients who cannot reliably self-report are at significantly higher risk for inadequately managed pain. Therefore, there is a need for objective pain monitoring for noncommunicative patients. BioSensics LLC, in partnership with the University of Arizona, will develop a Multimodal Objective Pain Assessment Sensor System (MoPASS) consisting of two light, comfortable, wireless, wearable sensors (on the fingers and forehead) to monitor multiple indicators of pain and provide a single pain intensity score. This pain score will be based on proven pain correlates including behavioral parameters (restlessness and facial expression) and physiological parameters (electrocortical activity, heart-rate, skin conductance, and skin temperature). This system has broad applications ranging from rapid assessment in field-clinics to long-term monitoring of chronically noncommunicative patients. In Phase I we will develop the sensor system and perform a clinical feasibility study. In Phase II we will perform a comprehensive clinical study to examine the sensitivity and specificity of MoPASS. The results of this study will be used to pare down our system to the fewest possible sensing modalities for commercialization in Phase III.

KeraNetics, LLC
Richard Dean Research Building, Suite 391 Technology Way
Winston-Salem, NC 27101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(336) 725-0621
Luke Burnett
DHP12-016      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:KeraStat(TM) Burn Gel and Halofuginone to Prevent Scar Contracture after Burn Injuries
Abstract:This Phase I project is relevant to the ultimate goals of this program announcement given the prevalence of the IED which often creates complex burn wounds on the face and skin that often form hypertrophic scars that often contract over time. Burn wound healing is a complex process that includes phases of inflammation, granulation tissue formation, re- epithelialization, and, finally, remodeling. Our proposed solution intends to intervene during the wound healing and remodeling phase to prevent hypertrophic scars from forming, thereby preventing scar contracture. In this initial proof of concept study, a keratin burn product KeraStat Burn Gel and a keratin + halofuginone product (Halogel, halofuginone is a Type I collagen synthesis inhibitor) will be assessed for contraction prevention by a standard commercially available fibroblast contraction assay. Additionally inflammatory and matrix gene expression will be examined by RT-PCR array in fibroblasts and keratinocytes after keratin and halofuginone exposure. Together these data will form the basis for a Phase II large and small animal efficacy study in models of burn scar contracture.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Anya Asanbaeva
DHP12-016      Awarded: 4/24/2013
Title:Control of Scar Contracture After Burn Injury Topical Formulation
Abstract:The overall incidence of burns in current military operations has nearly doubled during the past few years and this type of injury remains a common component of armed conflicts. To address the need for prevention of scar contracture following burns, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Control of Scar Contracture After Burn injury (SCAB) topical formulation. The SCAB is designed for application to burn-injured tissue after debridement during the critical initial stages of wound healing. Inhibition of contracture by SCAB is done by (1) stimulating the cells, thereby enhancing healing, and (2) controlling the stability of the collagen network. This dual action of the SCAB formulation on the cellular component and on the extracellular matrix constitutes the main innovation of the proposed solution. As a result, the SCAB formulation offers a safe and efficacious biomodulator of scar contracture supplied in a pharmaceutical delivery medium. In Phase I, POC will develop the SCAB formulation and demonstrate its efficacy in vitro and in a pilot animal study, validating the therapeutic effect of and setting the foundation for the formulation of the final product. In Phase II, further therapeutic efficacy characterization of SCAB will be performed with detailed animal studies.

Quick Med Technologies, Inc.
902 NW 4th Street
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 379-0611
Bernd Liesenfeld
DHP12-016      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Development of Technologies that Control Scar Contracture after Burn Injuries
Abstract:Current therapies to prevent scar formation and contracture of burns are minimally effective. QuickMed Technologies (QMT) proposes to develop an advanced therapy to enhance healing and prevent contraction of burn scars by combining the advanced prototype BURN- PLUS dressing with Endoform dermal template. BURN-PLUS is an occlusive island dressing with an adhesive apron bonded onto a super absorbent, microbicidal, pad that provides sustained release of two pre-loaded, FDA-cleared drugs: doxycycline and Kepivance. Doxycycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that also reduces inflammation through inhibition of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) converting enzyme (TACE) and inhibits contraction of collagen lattices by myofibroblasts through its inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Kepivance is keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), which accelerates healing of skin wounds by directly stimulating proliferation and migration of epithelial cells. Endoform is a novel acellular matrix that has intact extracellular matrix (ECM) components (collagen IV, laminin, fibronectin) and growth factors (FGF2, VEGF) that increases vascularization and decreases irregular scar matrix in pig skin wounds. In this Phase I project, QMT will optimize design components of BURN-PLUS dressing and test its effectiveness alone and combined with Endoform matrix on enhancing healing and reducing scar formation and contracture of burn wounds in pigs.

Synedgen, Inc
1420 N. Claremont Blvd Suite 105D
Claremont, CA 91711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(909) 447-6858
Shenda Baker
DHP12-016      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Effective New Topical Treatment to Reduce Scar Formation in Burns
Abstract:Thermal injury is common in military conflicts due to primarily to the widespread use of explosive devices. Burns can produce scars that are excessive, physically debilitating and functionally damaging. There is a critical need for an effective product that can control bacterial contamination and prevent colonization, mitigate inflammation, and diffuse to or reach necrotic and damaged tissue resulting from a blast or traumatic thermal wound to reduce the formation of fibrotic scars. Synedgen has developed a biocompatible polysaccharide derivative (PAAG) that has been demonstrated in vivo and in vitro to reduce inflammation and provide enhanced healing with the reduction of scarring. This Phase 1 study will demonstrate the extent to which PAAG mitigates scar reduction in full thickness burns in a porcine model, and provide an opportunity to examine innate immune responses, inflammatory cytokines and healing pathways.

Washburn Therapeutics, Inc.
6743 Wilkins Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15217
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 908-1309
Newell R. Washburn
DHP12-016      Awarded: 3/5/2013
Title:Reduction of Burn Progression and Scar Contracture with Cytokine-Neutralizing Gels
Abstract:Washburn Therapeutics Inc. is developing biologically active gels that control inflammation by selectively neutralizing pro-inflammatory cytokines based on a technology being licensed exclusively by the company from Carnegie Mellon University. Preliminary results demonstrated that conjugates of antibodies against tumor necrosis factor-alpha and hyaluronic acid were able to reduce secondary necrosis in a partial-thickness rat burn model by 70%. This SBIR Phase I will focus on treating partial-thickness burns to test of the safety and efficacy of the technology in preventing extensive tissue necrosis following burn and measuring subsequent scar contraction in the rat burn model. The hypothesis of this research program is that prevention of burn progression through local control of inflammatory responses will improve healing outcomes. Early therapeutic intervention could make a significant impact in burn treatment.

---------- DLA ----------

7 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Proto Manufacturing Inc
12350 Universal Drive
Taylor, MI 48180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 946-0974
William S. L. Boyer
DLA122-001      Selected for Award
Title:Dual Mode Residual Stress Profiling System for Forgings
Abstract:Forgings contribute to important efficiencies in structural weight, parts count and fatigue resistance in aerospace structures. Designers of aircraft and turbine engines know of the positive, but sometimes negative effects of residual stress (RS) fields in forgings as evidenced by dimensional warping during production. This problem causes costly scrap during machining because of unexpected warping. Some machined forgings may pass acceptance but require considerable clamping during final assembly to meet dimensional requirements. Clamping may cause unforeseen problems by introducing unfavorable RS fields, leading to fatigue and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in service. These insidious problems are often difficult to discover and quite difficult to repair during sustainment operations. It is more cost-effective to minimize built-in RS in forgings and prevent warping and cracking. The Proto NDE/I system will exploit x-ray diffraction (XRD) technologies to nondestructively discover and help manage the conditions leading to these problems. Proto will capitalize on its recent research with energy dispersive (EDXRD) and angle dispersive (ADXRD) XRD technologies and demonstrate the capability to measure near-surface RS reliably in forgings. This capability will enable designers and producers of forgings as well as OEMs and the DOD to manage RS distributions and consistently produce high quality forgings.

Scientific Forming Technologies Corporation
2545 Farmers Drive Suite 200
Columbus, OH 43235
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 451-8322
Wei-Tsu Wu
DLA122-001      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Forging Manufacturing Innovations
Abstract:Forging process is widely used in the manufacture of critical mission sensitive components that require high strength and better consistent performance in service conditions. Process modeling for forging processes has been very successful in the last three decades. Modeling forging process serves us a virtual tryout tool and it offers lot more details about the forging process and parts than an expensive, time consuming shop floor trial would. Forging modeling results provide vital information regarding material flow, die fill, potential defect formation, tool failure and microstructure evolution. With increasing complexities of the forged geometries and push for near net shape forging, it is challenging to design an optimum forging progression that will result in reduced material and processing cost while maximizing the quality and robustness of the forged component. Optimization techniques can be effectively used in forging process modeling to achieve the desired goal of reducing the cost while maximizing the quality of the forged product. Sensitivity analysis will help in understanding how variabilities and uncertainties associated with the key processing variables and material properties will impact the forging process design. While manufacturing process modeling capabilities are mature, forging process optimization and sensitivity analysis to evaluate the robustness of forging process and part design is still at a nascent stage. Scientific Forming Technologies Corporation (SFTC) develops and supports forging process modeling system, DEFORM, which is widely used by the forging industry around the globe for the past 20 years. In this project, SFTC is proposing to systematically extend optimization techniques and sensitivity analysis to forging process modeling. During Phase I, SFTC will investigate a modeling framework that enables optimization of the forging processes which will help in minimizing the overall cost of the forging including material input weight and processing cost. SFTC will also investigate the application of sensitivity analysis for forging process modeling, paving the way for robust process design, which may lead to reduced scrap and rework cost. Phase I tasks will demonstrate the technical viability and commercialization potential of forging process optimization methods.

VEXTEC Corporation
750 Old Hickory Blvd Bldg. 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(615) 372-0299
Robert Tryon
DLA122-001      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Forging Manufacturing Innovations
Abstract:It is increasingly difficult for companies to enter the spare parts business. To produce a spare part, the manufacturer must recreate the form, fit and function of the original part, which can be especially difficult with high strength forged metal parts. There are processes available to the forging engineer to recreate the geometry and material chemistry of original part; however, getting the part to function safely with the same durability as the original can be extremely difficult. This is because durability is governed by the material microstructure and the materials microstructure evolves during the manufacturing process creating numerous variations. The traditional method of determining durability is expensive laboratory testing. The Phase I objective is to determine feasibility of a software product that can be used by forging manufacturers, OEM and fleet owners to predict the durability of their forged parts without extensive testing. VEXTEC will work with our OEM partner to identify attributes that are particular to forging that need to be addressed in the software product. Phase I will determine the feasibility of addressing the first order effects such as geometry, residual stress, microstructure and in-service loads. During the Phase I option period, a detail architectural plan will be completed for the software to be developed in Phase II.

AMERICAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES CO
220 W. Campus Ct., Unit D
Arlington Heights, IL 60004
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 414-6788
Igor V. Barsukov
DLA122-002      Awarded: 11/8/2013
Title:20-year Lithium Primary battery for Missile-Implantable Corrosion Monitoring Systems and as Primary Power Sources for mini-UAVs
Abstract:American Energy Technologies Co., a woman-owned small business concern of Illinois will partner with Lockheed Martin Corps Missions Systems and Sensors and with Analog Devices, in order to develop and demonstrate a new and improved primary battery capable of delivering up to two thirds of the energy density of gasoline as employed in an internal combustion engine, and up to 6.5 times the specific capacity reported to date for the most advanced Lithium-Ion batteries. The development effort seeks to produce one of the highest energy density battery systems in the market of conventional chemical batteries. The end product will have a calendar life of 20 years, and will represent a maintenance-free, safe, flight worthy, environmentally benign design. Application of new generation conductivity enhancement additives, along with the precise engineering of porosity in electrodes, and with other optimizations, will boost systems projected power density to values comparable to those of Lithium-ion batteries. Cell performance during Phase I shall be established in the BR2450 coin and in the cylindrical 32650 cells of new and improved interior design. Phase 1 Option will focus on prototyping of a 24VDC battery module so as to be able to conduct full scale testing in the targeted end-use devices.

Eskra Technical Products, Inc.
2595 Hwy I
Saukville, WI 53080
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(262) 268-1750
Rodney LaFollette
DLA122-002      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Battery Technologies and Manufacturing Process Improvements
Abstract:Using a solvent free electrode manufacturing process, several different electrochemical couples will be tested using the C123 sized cell as the test bed. Both rechargeable and primary chemistries will be processed using the solventless electrode process that was successfully developed under a previous proof of concept BATTNET program effort. This effort will demonstrate the application of the process to many types of lithium batteries.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0546
Castro S.T. Laicer, Ph.D.
DLA122-002      Selected for Award
Title:An Integrated Li-ion Battery Manufacturing Process for Improved Safety and Decreased Battery Cost
Abstract:Commercial separators for Li-ion battery applications consist of microporous membranes that prevent contact between electrodes and enable free ion flow in the cell. Major drawbacks of these separators include their complex manufacturing process which adds cost to the battery and insufficient protection against thermal runaway reactions at elevated temperatures. This project addresses these limitations by developing a more cost-effective manufacturing process that yields separators with substantially improved thermal stability at extreme cell temperatures. To demonstrate the use of these separator in Li-ion batteries, Giner also proposes a new type of hybrid cell that takes advantage of high-energy and high-power capabilities of batteries and capacitors in a single device by combining a symmetric capacitor and a rechargeable battery in one unit cell. Preliminary data is shown on some materials that have already been successfully fabricated and tested.

Reactive Innovations, LLC
2 Park Drive, Suite 4
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 692-4664
Edward J. Salley
DLA122-002      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Low Cost Production of Carbon Monofluoride (CFx) for Lithium Batteries
Abstract:Li/CFx primary batteries are considered to be a superior choice for military applications that require long life, light weight and very low self-discharge. The high cost of current carbon monofluoride materials, however, adds significantly to the total cost of the battery. Reactive Innovations, LLC (RIL) proposes to develop a method to produce CFx materials with over a 50% cost saving. The process is based on a novel rapid diffusion method that will reduce fabrication time, increase production rate, and ultimately provide a significant cost savings to the military. In the Phase I program, RIL will build a prototype reactor and produce 100 grams of CFx material demonstrating feasibility of the technology. Comparable electrochemical performance to state-of-the-art CFx materials in lithium cells will be demonstrated in the Phase I. In the Phase II program, RIL will scale up the CFx production to multi-kilogram level, demonstrate a minimum cost savings of 50%, examine stability, and fabricate D-cell batteries with the generated CFx powder in collaboration with a battery manufacturing partner.

---------- DMEA ----------

2 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
DLA INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION
6060 Guadalupe Mines Court
San Jose, Ca 95120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 230-7164
Dr. David L Adler
DMEA122-001       Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:High Speed, High Resolution X-ray System for Inspecting Integrated Circuits
Abstract:A new type of x-ray microscope is proposed for three-dimensional imaging of integrated circuits, or ICs. The new microscope can image at resolutions down to 25 nm, and at speeds of over 10 million pixels per second. This imaging rate is over 1000x faster than existing high-resolution x-ray systems, and can image a full 1 cm chip in a few hours; existing x-ray microscopes would take years to accomplish the same task. This high-speed imaging is accomplished by increasing the number of x-rays illuminating the sample, i.e., the x-ray flux. The flux is increased first by using a wide spectrum of x-ray energies, rather than a monochromatic beam. Second, the system takes advantage of the 2-dimensional nature of integrated circuits by using a high numerical aperture, or NA. A high NA decreases the depth-of-field for the system, but increases the amount of x-ray light admitted to the camera. The result is a high-speed, high-resolution x-ray microscope for thin, flat samples.

Xradia, Inc.
4385 Hopyard Road
Pleasanton, Ca 94588
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 701-3660
Dr. Michael Feser
DMEA122-001       Awarded: 1/28/2013
Title:Optimized X-ray Microscope (OXM) for IC Reverse Engineering
Abstract:Nondestructive 3D imaging of the interconnect structure of microelectronics with x-rays has been demonstrated on an Xradia microscope at the synchrotron. The same scanning speed can be obtained in a non-synchrotron optimized x-ray microscope (OXM) by taking advantage of recent advancement in x-ray source and x-ray optics technology to be developed in the proposed project. The OXM will allow nondestructive 3D imaging IC devices of an area of 1mm2 in 40hrs at 100nm resolution for evaluation and reverse engineering. The substantial throughput gain of the OXM will be achieved mainly by: a new type of x-ray source (liquid metal jet) offering significantly higher brightness and an optimal x-ray spectrum for imaging IC devices; a recently demonstrated new atomic layer deposition fabrication technology to make an x-ray zone plate objective with significantly higher numerical aperture, efficiency, and more than 3X larger field of view; a new scintillator materials and a new innovative reconstruction and scanning concepts. The proposing company has a track record of successfully developing the most advanced x-ray microscopes in the world and is well suited to develop the proposed OXM to meet the criteria set in the SBIR proposal call.

---------- DTRA ----------

13 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Structured Materials Industries
201 Circle Drive North Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Gary S. Tompa
DTRA122-001      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Scalable Single- and Multi- Boule Bulk GaN Substrate HVPE Production Tool
Abstract:GaN-based devices are currently grown on foreign substrates such as SiC and Al2O3, due to the lack of high quality GaN substrates. It is well known that the use of foreign substrates limits device performance due to a high dislocation density in the GaN film. Structured Materials Industries, Inc. (SMI) has developed a hybrid HVPE approach to grow high quality GaN device films. In this SBIR project, SMI will work with a leading University research center, to implement cost effective processes for growth of GaN crystal boules and processing to polished wafers. Phase I will build on existing results to prove the approach can concurrently produce thick multiple 2" or 4" diameter boules of low defect semi- insulating (or doped as desired) GaN wafers merged with cutting and polishing processes. Phase II will establish pilot production of multiple 2" and 4" GaN boules, and processing to polished wafers. Also in Phase II, GaN devices will be fabricated on the resulting wafers, as a test and demonstration of the material quality. Phase III will consist of selling the finished materials and production tooling.

i2C Solutions, LLC
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 814-3813
Seth Miller
DTRA122-002      Awarded: 3/13/2013
Title:Conformable Thermal Ground Plane
Abstract:Miniaturized smart munitions are seeing increasing use across all branches of the Department of Defense (DoD) in order to meet the ever evolving mission needs for the U.S. warfighter. These smart micromuntions have been enabled by advances in capabilities and miniaturization of critical microelectonic and microelectromechanical systems such as sensor, navigational, communications, and triggering subsystems. Their small size and stringent packaging requirements in an often complex and crowded munitions platform leaves little space for active cooling for required levels of thermal management. As a result, the DoD has considerable interest in the development of advanced thermal management technologies and materials that can better accommodate the thermal budget of existing munitions platforms without the need to redesign the systems. The development of such a technology will provide needed heat transfer margins for electronic devices, reduce the size and mass of the thermal management system and increase munition payload capacity thereby increasing overall system performance and effectiveness. To address this need, i2C Solutions proposes the development of a highly novel thermal ground plane technology that provides considerable thermal conductivity, EMI protection and in a highly ruggedized package.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 261-1128
W. Wallace Ellis
DTRA122-003      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Optically Covert Detection of Trace WMD Residues
Abstract:It is challenging to detect CBRN weapons production facilities that are hidden in residential and industrial neighborhoods. Once the weapons are manufactured, they will be sealed and removed from the site of production, so developing techniques to reveal the presence of the weapons will likely be fruitless. In this project, we will develop indicators that can be applied covertly around suspect areas. When these indicators are exposed to precursors for the production of either chemical weapons or bio-weapons, they will produce a distinct, covert signal that can be viewed from a distance using standard military equipment. The indicators will be inexpensive to manufacture, and will be safe for release in the environment.

Voxtel Inc.
15985 NW Schendel Avenue Suite 200
Beaverton, OR 97006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(971) 223-5646
Ngoc Nguyen
DTRA122-003      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:Covert Optically-Reporting Threat-Functionalized Nanomaterials
Abstract:The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and the U.S. Strategic Command Center for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (SCC-WMD) requires transformational materials technology to support the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) of personnel and materials associated with weapons of mass destruction (WMD) development, manufacturing, and proliferation. Voxtel, Inc. proposes to fabricate and demonstrate a series of chemical, biological, radioactive, nuclear or explosive (CBRNE) threat-functionalized optically reporting nanoparticles to address this need. We will fashion the threat reporting nanoparticles from small-sized environmentally-robust metal oxide, metal sulfide, or metal fluoride nanoparticles, which when uniformly dispersed do not scatter light, are optically transparent, and difficult to detect. We will make the covert materials CBRNE sensitive using threat conjugated quenching moieties, which modulate the transformative materials near-infrared (NIR) optical signature when in the presence of a specific threat. The signal can be detected using filtered night vision or infrared equipment, when interrogated with military issue laser sources. In Phase I, we will optimize optically reporting taggants for two different CBRNE threats, and field test the threat-sensitized taggants.

Protection Engineering Consultants, LLC
PO Box 781607
San Antonio, TX 78278
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 380-1988
Bryan Bewick
DTRA122-005      Awarded: 3/11/2013
Title:Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI) Effects for Fully and Partially Buried Structures
Abstract:Protection Engineering Consultants (PEC) proposes to develop a coarse-grain neural network modeling approach for efficient simulation of shock propagation through geological media including soil-structure interaction. In the coarse-grain approach, fast-running computational elements are developed which are an order of magnitude larger than typical FE elements, and the elements are driven by neural network-based equations as opposed to physics-based equations. Typically FRMs cannot extrapolate to problems beyond the boundaries of the data set used to develop the models. Moreover, the size of the data set required increases geometrically with the number of independent variables needed as input variables to the FRMs. A more robust approach will help to increase the applicability of the developed FRM, while still maintaining the requirement for rapid execution of the problem. The coarse-grain neural network modeling approach is a novel approach to develop a tool that is versatile and still retains the FRM requirement of rapid execution.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
DTRA122-006      Awarded: 5/20/2013
Title:Design Combined Effects Explosives (CEX) Using Numerical Simulations
Abstract:Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc. (CRAFT Tech) and Prof. Glumac of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) have teamed up to provide DTRA with an innovative approach to develop new combined effects explosives (CEX) formulations. CEX represent a class of recently-developed aluminized explosives seeking to provide the performance of both (i) high-energy explosives and (ii) high-blast explosives in a single explosive fill. Given the critical role played by fast aluminum reactions in the very early stages of CEX detonation and the strong sensitivity of CEX performance to variations in CEX ingredients, the development of a validated high-fidelity CEX design tool capable of accounting for size effects and finite-rate chemistry effects is proposed. This approach combines advanced modeling capabilities and time-resolved small-scale testing in order to identify and tune the dominant design variables leading to an optimal CEX formulation. By relying on validated first-principles numerical simulations that describe detonation, anaerobic reaction and aerobic reaction, the proposed CEX design tool is capable of providing a level of understanding of the complex detonation event that is not attainable with currently available simplified modeling approaches.

Y.K. Bae Corporation
218 W. Main St., Suite 102
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 838-2881
Young K. Bae
DTRA122-007      Awarded: 6/12/2013
Title:High-Intensity Compact EUV-X-ray Generators Base on Metastable Innershell Molecular State
Abstract:Currently, there is a great interest in generating intense EUV-x-ray beams in military and commercial sectors, because their applications are anticipated to be potentially crucial to maintaining the global leadership of the US military and industry. Specific military applications of such intense EUV-x-ray beams include countering a wide range of WMDs. The chief barrier to realizing these applications is that the generation of EUV-x-ray beams with traditional technologies is highly energy inefficient, costly, bulky and technologically challenging. We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of developing highly energy-efficient super-intense compact EUV-x-ray generators that can overcome the barrier, thus can be mass produced and commercialized. The technological basis of the proposed generators is on the newly discovered quantum state, Metastable Innershell Molecular State (MIMS) in Warm Dense Matter (WDM). WDM is a class of stellar matters with low electron temperatures, which can permit abundant quantum mechanical states, such as MIMS that has excitation energy orders of magnitude larger than that of common chemical quantum states. In addition to technological feasibility demonstration, during Phase I, we plan to perform market studies, to establish their potential customers, and to start contacting private investors for acquiring matching fund for expanding Phase II into Phase III.

MATSYS, Inc.
504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
DTRA122-008      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:Reactive Structural Materials for Enhanced Blasts
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop reactive materials compositions and processing techniques for structural reactive composites for blast enhancement. This effort will combine our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) with new approaches in reactive materials design to develop a new generation of cost-efficient and highly reactive materials. The proposed material system will use a blend of elemental or compound powders capable of an energetic (exothermic) chemical reaction. The existence of different powders will allow for tailoring of the mechanical and reactive properties of the material through engineered variations of the volume fraction of each powder to control the type of reaction, the form of energy release and the material break-up mechanism. During this program, we will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabricating highly reactive materials that will significantly enhance the blast performance. These materials can be used to replace structurally inert materials with structural reactive materials to enhance weapon effectiveness and reduce payload. Upon successful demonstration, this powder-based process can be easily applied to different powders, and scaled for cost-effective, high-volume production of fully dense structural reactive composites.

General Technology Systems, LLC
94 Beacon St Apt #88
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 739-0833
Sohan Mikkilineni
DTRA122-009      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Insensitive Munitions Disposal Attack: Zero-Explosive Ultrasound Standoff (ZEUS) Detonation System
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) applications for donor explosive-free detonation of insensitive munitions (IM) and insensitive high explosives (IHE). General Technology Systems (GTS) solution, termed the Zero-Explosive Ultrasound Standoff (ZEUS) detonation system, will provide a low-cost, covert, ultra-portable, flexible, and low-profile novel acoustic-based detonation approach. ZEUS will not only have the capability to safely control detonation, but also to intelligently determine and execute the optimal detonation strategy for maximum burn.

AAC International
60 Mechanic Street
Lebanon, NH 03766
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 291-9837
Xiaoqing Sun
DTRA122-012      Awarded: 1/14/2013
Title:A Portable Laser Device for Remote Filler Identification
Abstract:The proposed SBIR research (Phase I and II) is devoted to developing a laser-based acousto-ultrasonic system for inspection of sealed containers. The system represents a promising technology for improving safety management in anti-terrorism and treaty compliance operations. The system will use a pulsed laser to excite the container and a laser Doppler vibrometer for long stand-off vibratory (ultrasonic) signal detection. The detected signals will then be sent through an attached expert system, where the wave pattern will be recognized based on criteria established through both experimental data collection and numerical simulation. The inspection system may be used by explosive ordinance disposal teams or security personnel, such as TSA officers at traffic control points, to identify the contents of sealed containers as dangerous or hazardous without having to open the vessel or use a radioactive source like a Polarized Inelastic Neutron Scattering (PINS) device. The system also has a field-upgradable reference library to treat and remember the new materials encountered. The Phase I effort will concentrate on the feasibility study, which is divided into six tasks: specimen preparation, instrumentation development, finite element simulation, interrogation data collection and criteria development, feasibility demonstration, and report and Phase II proposal.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Prakash Koonath
DTRA122-014      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Stand-off Detection of Alternative Signatures of Radiation
Abstract:Prevention of the smuggling of radioactive material into the United States to be used by terrorists in a nuclear weapon or in a radiological dispersal device, such as in a dirty bomb, is a key national security objective. It is desirable to have a system capable of stand- off detection to monitor and rapidly alert the presence of covert nuclear materials. Tanner proposes to develop a compact laser based sensor system to detect the presence of alternative signatures of radiation. Radiochemical reactions between ionizing radiations and the atmosphere lead to the production of radicals such as ozone (O3) and various oxides of nitrogen. Concentration of these species above normal background levels is an alternative signature of radiation. Tanner will develop a stand-off detection system that can search for covert nuclear materials via a detection of the presence of trace quantities of ozone. In Phase I of this effort, we will demonstrate the stand-off detection of trace quantities of ozone over distances of 1 meter. In Phase II, these results will be scaled to design and develop a compact prototype stand-off detection system that is capable of operation over distances as long as 20 m and with automatic data collection, analysis and display of relevant data.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2517
Robert Klein
DTRA122-016      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Toughened Fabrics with Counter-WMD Functionality for Daily Wear
Abstract:Military personnel and first responders must be prepared to operate under the threat of a wide range of CBRNE threats (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosive) and rapidly counter WMD hazards. Daily-wear uniforms such as the army combat uniform (ACU) or the CWU-27/P flight suit are breathable and lightweight and provide basic abrasion and fire protection, but are not capable of significant CBRNE protection. On the other end of the spectrum, CBRNE suits offer protection from a variety of WMD threats, but must be donned post-WMD-event because they are heavy, easily punctured or torn, and exhibit poor breathability and launderability. This lack of multifunctional garments for soldier protection significantly degrades survivability. New materials are sought to significantly enhance the counter-WMD / CBRNE functionality of the ACU or CWU-27/P while remaining lightweight, breathable, and durable. Luna Innovations, teaming with a major U.S. uniform manufacturer, proposes to develop a new garment material that will offer increased toughness as well as protection from hazardous liquids and particulates. Garments composed of these new materials could be worn daily, exhibit enhanced durability, and offer enhanced CBRNE protection with the appropriate accessories. Luna will leverage extensive experience with textile treatments for this program.

Welkin Sciences, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
Blair E. Sawyer
DTRA122-020      Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:Real-Time Frequency-Selective Fading Channel Realization Generator
Abstract:Welkin Sciences proposes to develop two run-time channel realization generators that are functionally equivalent to DTRAs ACIRF code. One is a software only implementation suitable for computer link simulations and test analysis applications. The other is a combination of software and FPGA-based firmware that can be embedded into existing and future hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) fading channel simulators.

---------- MDA ----------

83 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Primordial, Inc.
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy L. Milbert
MDA12-001      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Orion: Ballistic Missile Defense Asset Positioning System
Abstract:In ballistic missile defense (BMD), sensor placement and sensor-to-target assignment are daunting tasks; even one missed threat has devastating consequences. The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) seeks innovative algorithms for sensor coordination that recommend placement and response options in near-real time to provide maximum coverage against multiple BMD threats using a minimum number of land and sea Aegis assets. To address this topic, Primordial formed a world-class team comprised of the University of Maryland (UMD), Analytical Graphics Incorporated (AGI), and Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Sensors (MS2). UMD has proven algorithms for radar placement, AGI provides a state-of- the-art missile modeling toolkit (MMT), and Lockheed Martin MS2 is the prime contractor for Aegis BMD. Team Primordial proposes a set of algorithms accounting for various sensor types and determining their optimal placement while minimizing asset count. Primordial will implement the algorithms in a software libraryOrion SDKand then construct a simulation framework that enables assessing the algorithms in a variety of realistic scenarios. At the projects conclusion, Primordial will demonstrate the resulting system to potential users to elicit their feedback. Primordial will also develop a transition plan for integrating Orion with AGIs MMT and Lockheed Martin MS2s Aegis BMD.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Adel El-Fallah
MDA12-001      Awarded: 1/17/2013
Title:Ship Operating Area Adaptive Planning (SOAAP) Algorithms
Abstract:Deriving optimal positioning solutions for a hybrid Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system comprised of both land-based and sea-based assets poses daunting theoretical and practical challenges. The Scientific Systems Company Inc. team proposes to develop Ship Operating Area Adaptive Planning (SOAAP) algorithms that will include highly effective hybrid Aegis BMD models and methods for deriving optimal locations of hybrid Aegis BMD components, and also realistic multi-raid scenarios for testing and evaluation. The proposed SOAAP algorithms will aid both central BMD control and command and individual systems in efficiently deriving Ship Operating Area (SOA) locations that are optimal with respect to evolving threats and asset locations tasked for protection. The proposed SOAAP algorithms take into account the operational constraints of each sensor asset type, realistic communication constraints, and the predicted multitarget-multisituational probabilistic state estimates and derives optimal yet adaptable Sea-based positioning solutions in real time. The proposed SOAAP technology will derive accurate probability-theoretic tradeoff assessments with respect to the number and types of sensor assets versus asset protection effectiveness. This will be accomplished by evaluating the probability of occurrence of different multi-raid scenarios, assessing the sensors capabilities, and determining the probability of successful engagements for each Aegis BMD firing asset. The project team includes Dr. Ronald Mahler of Lockheed Martin. Lockheed Martin will provide both technical and commercialization support in the application of the Adaptive Planning technologies during all phases of the project.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 644-6836
Geoffrey Rubin
MDA12-001      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:Novel Planning Algorithms for Hybrid Land and Sea Platform Sensor Coordination
Abstract:TSCs response to this Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) topic demonstrates novel and innovative algorithms to fully address the objectives of this requirement. Our solution provides an adaptable approach that balances flexibility to include multiple sensor and engagement assets and the flexibility to apply the required level of fidelity to optimize BMD asset placement in a dynamic environment. The adaptable planning algorithms we will develop in this Phase I effort will provide the foundation for a comprehensive Mission Planner for a Hybrid AEGIS Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system comprised of both land-based and sea-based assets and will provide optimal Ship Operating Area (SOA) to defend a given area against missile raid. Our approach and design architecture will provide expandability to facilitate Phase II and Phase II+ follow-on efforts that will provide sensor coverage mapping, provide recommended Radar Search Doctrine (RSD) and resource/asset requirements regarding both radar and interceptors. This expandability will enhance the mission planning tool to further optimize engagement aspects of the BMD problem from fixed and mobile assets based on modeling data. Our solution will incorporate algorithmic performance models into the optimization to include realistic tracking uncertainties, lethality hypotheses, and to include studies that incorporate additional sensors (AN/TPY-2, THAAD and PTSS) into the optimization. Our algorithm design will use a proven Missile Defense System Simulation (MDSS) model. Our TSC developed National Missile Defense (NMD) Probability Analysis Tool (NPAT) will provide the basis for our MDSS and modeling to predict system performance. This is a proven tool that uses Monte-Carlo simulation.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 356-1669
Doug Owen
MDA12-002      Awarded: 12/10/2012
Title:Radar Waveforms to Discern Remote Object Attributes
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to develop signal waveform characteristics and processing algorithms that will deduce sensor-invariant attributes of a tracked object so that it can be classified, discriminated and evaluated for engagement. Under our proposed effort, we will develop enhanced radio frequency (RF) signal waveforms and associated processing algorithms, using a physics-based approach, to improve Aegis BMD engagement capability in raid environments. Our innovative techniques employ novel RF waveform characteristics such as modulation, timing, and phasing to deduce target characteristics such as its reflective, inertial, and material properties that can significantly enhance radar effectiveness and increase the probability of engagement success. The goal of our new RF waveform design effort is to require minimal changes to the radar hardware and use RF data processing algorithms that can be implemented in existing signal processors. We plan to develop a non-operational model showing how the new RF waveform characteristics can deduce such target characteristics as reflectivity, material construction, and others characteristics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alireza Shapoury
MDA12-002      Awarded: 2/19/2013
Title:Signal Excitation and Processing Algorithm for Target Primitives Enhancement and Classification
Abstract:To address the MDAs need to develop various novel signal waveform characteristics and processing algorithms to deduce sensor-invariant target attributes of a tracked object, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Signal Excitation and processing Algorithm for Target primitives Enhancement and Classification (SEATEC). It is based on radar waveform development and signal processing. The innovation in SEATEC will enable the Aegis AN/SPY-1 to discern sensor-invariant target primitives. As a result, this technology offers advantages not only in defense superiority against hostile flying objects but also in increasing situational awareness and air safety to reduce human error, which directly address the MDA/AB requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SEATEC by developing new RF waveforms and a processing algorithm, compatible with existing AN/SPY-1 radars, that can help deduce target characteristics: reflectivity, emissivity, material construction, and others. POC will identify testing and verification criteria such as target characterization and identification and then verify the performance of SEATEC through analytical and numerical analyses. In Phase II, POC plans to further refine and optimize SEATEC to increase the systems performance margins and demonstrate technology viability through simulation and testing of slightly modified SPY-1 waveforms based on the proposed SEATEC.

POC Tech Group
41928 Sara Ann Court
Leonardtown, MD 20650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 242-0248
Victor Chen
MDA12-002      Awarded: 2/12/2013
Title:A Novel Orthogonal Chaos-Based Radar Waveform with Optimized Receiver Filtering for Target Detection and Discrimination
Abstract:To achieve the goal of finding radar signal waveforms for supporting target information and deducing sensor-independent attributes, we propose to use a novel chaos-based orthogonal radar signal waveform with matched-filter-like (or adaptive) pulse compression processing for improving target detection and discrimination. Recently introduced quasi-orthogonal waveforms based on chaotic systems possess many desirable characteristics such as high range-resolution, low range side-lobes and good peak to average transmit power ratios. Their wideband spectrum makes them robust to jamming and other countermeasures. In addition, the chaos-based waveforms possess the properties of more robust sensing, improved sensor SNR performance, improved clutter rejection, unambiguous detection capability, outstanding range resolution, and highly potential target identification. Especially, the capability of target identification is due to the embedded identity built in to the derivation of chaos-based signals from a chaos map over the chaos control parameters.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 696-9981
Richard Wasiewicz
MDA12-003      Awarded: 12/10/2012
Title:3G and 4G Communication System Interference Remediation Techniques
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research project is to develop novel algorithms and signal processing techniques that will minimize Aegis-to-3G & 4G and 3G & 4G-to-Aegis interference. We will perform an investigation and research of new RF waveform characteristics that could enhance Aegis BMD coexistence with civilian 3G and 4G communication networks. Under this effort, we will design innovative RF techniques (i.e. modulation, timing and phasing) that can help increase AN/SPY-1 S-band radar compatibility with civilian 3G and 4G communication networks. These new RF waveforms will be largely compatible with the existing AN/SPY-1 S-band radar. The associated processing algorithms that will support the new RF waveforms will be developed, as well. The output of the Phase I will be a proof of concept design / study and identification of designs / models and test capabilities. A feasibility assessment for the proposed model, techniques, and methods proposed will be conducted. We will clearly validate the viability of the proposed solution during the Phase I effort resulting in a clear concept of operations document.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3610
David Kirk
MDA12-003      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:3G and 4G Communication System Interference Remediation Techniques
Abstract:With the significant increase in mobile communications over the last decade, the communications bands have begun to encroach on the radar bands used by the military and other users. This includes the potential loss of some radar bands as well as sharing of the bands with other users which can result in degradation of both the communications and the radar performance. Techniques to mitigate this performance degradation will become increasingly vital in the coming years as the growth of wireless communication continues. This is especially critical in Europe where the wide-band 3G and 4G communications systems have allocated frequencies at 1800, 2100, and 2600 MHz. ISLs toolbox of RFI detection and mitigation techniques are based on the cognitive radar architecture. Adapted to existing systems, these techniques provide a capability to robustly detect low levels of RFI and adapt the radar waveform to minimize interference while maintain radar system performance.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 576-2393
Carroll Nunn
MDA12-003      Awarded: 1/16/2013
Title:3G and 4G Communication System Interference Remediation Techniques
Abstract:3G and 4G mobile communications systems pose significant interference threats to the AN/SPY-1 operability ashore and in littoral environments. The specific frequency bands at which such interference sources may appear vary with geographic locations across the world. Adaptive array based techniques are not attractive in relation to the AN/SPY-1 radar because they require major upgrades to the radar. TSC propose to implement its proven local optimization technology to develop spectrally compliant, constant amplitude, AN/SPY-1 waveforms, with spectral level sufficiently low in the interference band to protect the mobile communication systems from mutual interference. TSC also proposes to implement optimal mismatched filters on receive that will protect the radar from 3G & 4G interference, and will guaranty high quality time domain waveform performance. TSC proposes to accomplish the above using affordable and practical radar upgrades, incorporating an arbitrary waveform generator and utilizing the current signal processor. TSC will also address and model the transmitter noise limitations and proposes to mitigate them, in Phase II, via pre-distortion techniques. This approach holds the potential for performance to be attained without the need for expensive transmitter upgrades.

Dynamic Ideas
43 Lantern Rd
Belmont, MA 02478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 945-7692
Adrian Becker
MDA12-004      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:Optimizing Weapons System and Sensor Pairing Through Efficient Binary Polynomial Optimization
Abstract:Exact formulations of weapon-to-threat assignment problems have long been identified as binary polynomial optimization problems which are theoretically difficult (NP-hard), thus previous research for implementation in the area has focused on heuristic solution methods or methods which compromise full formulation with limits on assignment. The introduction of sensor pairing further complicates formulation and solution. However, we explain an approach in this proposal to transform problems of this type into what are known as binary second-order cone problems. While still in the same theoretical computational complexity class, such problems have proven to be practically efficiently solvable by commercial optimization engines such as CPLEX and Gurobi. The algorithm we propose to develop and test in Phase I implements our proposed modeling approach on a detailed formulation of the simultaneous asset pairing and engagement scheduling problem thus fully integrating optimization of the exact problem.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariners Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Richard Stottler
MDA12-004      Awarded: 2/8/2013
Title:Combined Sensor/Interceptor Scheduling based on AI Techniques
Abstract:The ultimate goal of this proposed effort is to improve the BMDS sensor and interceptor real-time scheduling capability. These improvements will include more efficient use of sensor and interceptor resources, increased kill probabilities, reduced probability of leakage, improved tracking accuracy, the ability to efficiently handle a large number of targets and resources, and faster scheduling and rescheduling. This effort builds on our previous successful interceptor scheduling work for the MDA and scheduling the Air Forces Space Surveillance Network (SSN). Those efforts demonstrated separately our ability to more optimally schedule ballistic missile intercept (using fewer interceptors to achieve equal or reduced Total Residual Leakage (TRL)) than competing algorithms and to achieve far smaller tracking error covariances with the same set of sensors than the current SSN sensor scheduling algorithms. This effort will combine the techniques from those projects and others to create a single system that will simultaneously optimize the tasking of sensors and interceptors for a solution more optimal than would be reached by optimizing them separately. The feasibility of our approach will be proven by developing a prototype in Phase I. Lockheed Martin, lead system integrator for both C2BMC and AEGIS BMD, strongly supports this effort for transition.

Torch Technologies, Inc.
4035 Chris Drive Suite C
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6000
Mike Flaherty
MDA12-004      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:Asset Pairing for Battle Management
Abstract:Torch proposes an innovative fusion of key technologies associated with an optimized asset pairing of BMDS sensors and weapon systems supporting enhanced interceptor utilization in complex multi-raid and multi-target environments. An optimized Sensor/Weapon Asset Pairing (SWAP) via a paired resource management process can provide for considerable BMDS performance enhancements and improved weapon system utilization, especially reduced interceptor leakage. SWAP algorithms and data fusion will seek to optimize Sensor Resource and Weapons Management in a synergistic fashion via a clear and logical definition of sensor and weapon constraints. Torch has chosen to make sensor constraint definition and processing a key focus of our Phase I real-time SWAP architecture via the incorporation of "Rule Based Constraint Satisfaction Programming" (RBCSP) logic within an information theoretic resource assignment process. The Torch approach leverages our significant experience with regard to the development of MDA SBIR funded real-time network based data fusion architectures for BMD. Our Phase I work plan focuses on the implementation and demonstration of a prototype real-time SWAP architecture via sensor, weapon, system, and feature based performance models coupled with highly efficient constraint based assignment algorithms in a network feedback parallel processing architecture.

ANDRO Computational Solutions, LLC
Beeches Technical Campus 7902 Turin Road, Ste. 2-1
Rome, NY 13440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 334-1163
Richard S. Loe
MDA12-005      Awarded: 2/19/2013
Title:Automated Target Characterization and Correlation with Heterogeneous Kinematic and Feature Data for Sensor Hand-Over
Abstract:We propose to develop and implement a set of algorithms within a unified target characterization and correlation framework capable of operating in a multiple heterogeneous sensor environment where detection, classification, localization and track priority information is exchanged among multiple platforms. Our goal is to deliver an effective automated and autonomous information extraction and fusion system that can be incorporated in todays operational systems. The primary focus will be on the development of algorithms for target characterization and correlation that can handle the difficult track handover between PTSS EO/IR boost phase detection sensors and weapon control sensors such as Aegis or AN/TPY-2. Information fusion with heterogeneous sensors is challenging because non-kinematic features are different for each sensor type making it is difficult to correlate features across sensors. Thus, it is necessary to develop meta-features that are sensor invariant and amenable to optimal track correlation across sensors. Once this target characterization is carried out effectively, the next task is to develop efficient fusion or correlation algorithms that can yield better common tracks and facilitate accurate track hand-over. In our approach, target characterization (information extraction) and correlation (information fusion) are tightly coupled problems that are addressed jointly to ensure optimal overall performance.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5036
David Fiske
MDA12-005      Awarded: 1/11/2013
Title:Multi-Phenomenology Discrimination for Feature Aided Data Fusion
Abstract:We propose to apply a proprietary discrimination technique rooted in the manifold learning literature to discrimination of object type through radar and through electro-optical/infrared sensors, and to use the features computed by this technique to help correlate tracks between sensors. Our discrimination technique is data-type agnostic, meaning that we can apply the same basic algorithm in both phenomenologies, which, in turn, suggests that future work may allow us to more self-consistently perform cross-sensor data fusion. The proposal leverages prior investment by MDA in radar discrimination techniques and is endorsed by a major MDA prime contractor for sensor technologies, increasing its probability of successfully transitioning to the operation BMDS.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8182
Andrew L. Stachyra
MDA12-005      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:RF-IR Target Characterization for Feature-Aided Track Correlation
Abstract:To maintain a complete, timely and coherent situational awareness picture, missile defense command and control functionality typically requires information to be integrated from a variety of different semi-autonomous sensors tracking the battle from different viewing geometries. These sensors, whether EO/IR or RF, typically each develop their own internal tracks upon objects within the scene, which later must be merged together with tracks from other sensors to form a single system track picture that best represents the consensus estimate as to the total number of objects and their trajectories. This track correlation process is complicated both by the fact that the sensors may suffer from uncorrected pointing biases, and also that not all of the sensors will necessarily acquire tracks on all of the objects. Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to improve the performance of the system track correlation process by incorporating time series signature data from the sensors in order to augment the existing distance-based track association metrics that are already currently in use by the system.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Andrew Milder
MDA12-006      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Anti-Tamper Technology for Missile Defense
Abstract:Anti-Tamper systems are designed to prevent and/or delay the exploitation of critical technologies. One of the major tools for reverse engineering is x-ray imaging, often used with computer-aided tomography to enable 3-dimensional information gathering of an IC structure. Thus, a device which can be built into the IC, and/or placed on the circuit board, that detects x-rays due to attempts at reverse-engineering is needed. The device would need to be function while in an unpowered state, consuming no or very little power. Nanohmics proposes to design and build a Buried Gate Hafnium oxide threshold X-ray detector (X- AlarmTM) that provides precision dosimetric detection of X-ray fluence with zero power consumption in a micro scale that is compatible with existing semiconductor fabrication techniques. The X-Alarm device will be fabricated similarly to a flash memory bit with a buried charge-storing gate, a control gate, and the drain and source electrodes used for reading out the state. The device will consist of two similar transistors, one using standard silicon dioxide as the gate dielectric and the other using hafnium oxide, which provides not only extremely low leakage current, but also high X-ray interaction cross section, increasing X-ray sensitivity. When sufficient X-ray fluence is incident on the device, electrons liberated by ionization will be recaptured on the buried gate, altering its charge state and shifting the threshold voltage across the readout electrodes, similar to a FET. Due to the higher interaction cross section of the halfnium oxide, that device will undergo a more marked shift in the gate threshold voltage. Comparing the threshold voltage between the reference (SiO2 dielectric) and the active (HfO2 dielectric) will give a measure of the historical total X-ray dose that is independent of temperature. This device will always be operational, independent of the power state of the device and will consume zero power.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(318) 237-3211
Heath Berry
MDA12-006      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Smart Sensing for Integrated Low Power Radiological Protection
Abstract:Billions of dollars have been invested by the United State to acquire the most technologically advanced military hardware in history, and, thereby provide battlefield advantages to military personnel. Protection of our sophisticated weapons systems and their components is critical for the continued maintenance of our technological advantages. Detecting and counteracting the newest methods of reverse engineering is vital to the protection of U.S. technology from compromise. Implementing software countermeasures alone is insufficient, especially when protecting and authenticating multiple components at the system level. Sensors covertly applied to individual components provide a solution. The focus of Phase I of this project was to develop a materials based sensor to provide a novel approach to x-ray detection which is low power, cost effective, and highly integratable. Phase II of this project shall further develop the design of the sensor and set the stage for a production level prototype. Phase II includes the investigation of the sensors ability to classify attacks and the optimization of system performance. At the conclusion of Phase II, a prototype will be demonstrated and delivered to the government.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
MDA12-006      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Ultra-Low Power Anti-Tamper Technology for Missile Defense Applications(1001-895)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to develop near-zero power advanced sensors, for protection of Critical Program Information (CPI) of MDA/BDMS assets against exploitation by reverse engineering and tampering through the use of X Ray imaging. The proposed technology will be applicable to both current and future hardware. During Phase I, Triton Systems will develop the conceptual framework for the new methods for protection against X Ray imaging. Further, Triton Systems will perform an analysis and limited bench level testing to demonstrate the sensor. During Phase II, Triton Systems will further develop and refine the methods designed in Phase I, and evaluate their effectiveness utilizing prototype systems.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Ron Knobler
MDA12-007      Awarded: 12/21/2012
Title:Techniques for Performing Warhead Characterization
Abstract:To provide the Armed Forces with accurate lethality assessments for fielded munitions, warhead characterization is performed in ground based arena and sled testing. The current procedures are time consuming and costly, while only producing a fraction of the desired data. In the current method, the device under test is surrounded by switch screens to record fragment impact time and bundles of foam insulation to capture fragments. Fragments must be recovered by hand to be weighed and measured, requiring weeks of labor. This process is time consuming and gives no way to correlate fragment mass and velocity. Additionally, only a fraction of the fragments are recovered. To meet the need for an automatic method of full hemisphere warhead fragmentation characterization, McQ will develop a system which replaces the ring of switch screens with a network of sensors containing high speed cameras. The system will record and analyze video of the warhead fragmentation then automatically produce a report describing the mass, size, speed, and trajectory of each fragment. The system will be capable of setup by two technicians in a matter of hours and will require no manual recovery or analysis of fragments after the test.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shilpa Pradhan
MDA12-007      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Omnidirection Pulsed Three-Dimension Imaging Coherent Aperture Sensor
Abstract:To address the MDA need for techniques to perform warhead characterization, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Omnidirection Pulsed Three- dimension Imaging Coherent Aperture Sensor (OPTICAS) system based on a multi- aperture coherent 3D imaging system omnidirection view. The innovation in using coherent detection system with electro-optic gating allows recording the amplitude and phase of the backscattered light and will enable capturing of full-hemisphere warhead fragments data during warhead tests. As a result, this system offers high-velocity capturing of objects with sufficient resolution and determines individual fragment velocities, which directly address the MDA requirements. In Phase I, POC plans to develop a preliminary design of OPTICAS system and evaluate its effectiveness by using a laboratory prototype to dynamically image multiple objects in 3D space, map their velocities, and estimate their masses. A software model to detect, track, and derive position and velocity of each debris object will be demonstrated. Based on Phase I results, in Phase II, POC will design, develop, and implement a full-hemispherical warhead characterization system and associated test and data collection software to demonstrate its performance in a simulated environment. A path to support a ground-based warhead characterization test for field environment will be presented.

Torch Technologies, Inc.
4035 Chris Drive Suite C
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6000
Jim Burke
MDA12-007      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:Techniques for Performing Warhead Characterization
Abstract:Leveraging our extensive experience modeling, collecting, and analyzing missile intercept data and ballistic missile state estimation, Torch proposes designing an innovative instrumentation system integrated with automated data processing and data fusion algorithms to capture full-hemisphere, open-air, fragment mass, geometry and velocity information from arena and sled warhead characterization tests. Data from multiple visible and infrared high-speed cameras will be correlated and fused to derive fragment three- dimensional state (position, velocity, angular momentum) and mass/geometry information. Specialized camera optics will be developed to improve the debris measurement signal-to- noise ratio. A unique track correlation methodology will be implemented to handle the large number of measured objects. In addition, procedures for utilizing these data products to anchor MDA core lethality models are illustrated. Our Phase I work plan will focus on the camera optical design and the implementation of our automated data processing, correlation, and fusion algorithms. This numerical simulation architecture will address the feasibility of the measurement concepts, highlight the advantages of the proposed methodology, and provide a valuable pre-mission planning tool for live-fire data collections. Our proposed hardware/software approach will address critical debris data collection capability gaps in a timely and cost effective manner.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
David Stowe
MDA12-008      Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:Modeling High Explosive (HE) Detonation Response and Resulting Debris/Shrapnel Generation from Submunitions Warheads
Abstract:As MDA continues implementation of the Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA), high fidelity and accurate characterization of post-intercept debris environments will become more and more critical to the successful operation of the larger Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system. The objective of this proposed effort is to leverage first principles physics based codes to more accurately model high and low-order explosive response and characterize the resulting debris for HE submunitions warheads in missile intercepts. Corvids approach will include a combination of high-fidelity computational modeling techniques for assessment of existing reactive modeling capabilities, development of those reactive models to address identified shortcomings, utilization of in-house high-performance supercomputing resources, and comprehensive material characterization efforts. Specifically, we will develop an improved computational and experimental methodology to accurately model HE response under arbitrary loading and environmental conditions utilizing only simple energetic characterization experiments. For validation and testing purposes, this methodology will be incorporated into the massively-parallel first-principles physics solver, Velodyne, which has been used extensively to model intercept scenarios and predict post-intercept debris. Once mature, such a capability will allow the deterministic prediction of HE submunitions response under intercept conditions, facilitating the ability to characterize the resulting debris using currently existing experimental and computational frameworks.

PeopleTec, Inc.
4901-D Corporate Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-3887
Graham Killough
MDA12-008      Awarded: 1/4/2013
Title:Modeling High Explosive (HE) Detonation Response and Resulting Debris/Shrapnel Generation from Submunitions Warheads
Abstract:PeopleTec, Inc., a Woman-Owned Small Business (WOSB), teamed with SECOTEC and ITT Exelis to provide an innovative and economical solution to Missile Defense Agency (MDA) requirements for evaluating high explosive detonation response to impact. Led by principle investigator Mr. Tim Cowles, the goal of our effort is the development of an inexpensive test technique enabling the assessment of a wide variety of high explosives and energetic materials in a cost and time-efficient manner sufficient for first principle analyses. The proposed effort focuses on inexpensive test devices, instrumentation and test set up enabling large data sets creation for the benchmarking of explosive response for first principle code analysis. The effort builds upon an initial evaluation of the available data and the primary mass/velocity trades which show the greatest need and promise for first principle benchmarking. A launch device will be designed responsive to these trades with the focus on constraints to the test situation which allow certainty of impact conditions with a minimum of instrumentation. Termed the Controlled High Explosive Response Test Apparatus (CHERTA), key design trades include the rapidity of test cycling, minimization of test consumables, and impact accuracy providing test repeatability. Designs will be assessed for durability and survivability. Phase I deliverables include the detailed test article design, operational concept and procedures, the definition of an initial test series and the identification of a government test partner to host the completed device.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Robert Nance
MDA12-009      Awarded: 12/14/2012
Title:Fast-Running Physics-Based Models for Intercept Debris Aero-heating and Aero-thermal Demise
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer this SBIR Phase I proposal. In the proposed effort, we will develop a fast-running, predictive methodology for the aerothermal demise of the debris generated during a Ballistic Missile Defense intercept event. This model will be informed by existing high-fidelity tools for material response and ablation, as well as new and existing engineering models for aerodynamic heating, and validated through comparisons to available test data. The resultant model will be developed for and integrated into existing fast-running models for post-intercept debris trajectories.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Hartmut H. Legner
MDA12-009      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Endo-Atmospheric Aero-Thermal Debris Survival and Ground Prediction Model
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) is pleased to submit an innovative proposal aimed at incorporating a novel aero-thermal algorithm into an existing debris trajectory model that contains the ability to take a high-fidelity derived debris model and propagate it to ground impact location providing range safety assessment. The aero-thermal algorithm for complex, faceted shapes is based upon validated hypersonic convective heating models as well as thermal response models for heating, mass loss and structural demise that have been developed over many years at PSI. An extensive material physical and structural property database supports the algorithm development since many diverse materials from metals to composites to ablators are found in interceptor-threat impact participants. The objective of the Phase I will be to demonstrate the effect of including aero-thermal effects on debris residual mass loss and ultimate ground impact location. The Phase II will emphasize the continued development and assessment of the new code with application to actual debris fields.

Shearwater Technology, Inc.
511 N. Missouri Ave.
Morton, IL 61550
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(309) 357-0191
Andrew Witzig
MDA12-009      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Fast-Running Physics-Based Models for Intercept Debris Aero-heating and Aero-thermal Demise
Abstract:Accurate prediction of aero-thermal demise of post-intercept debris is a high priority for the United States Missile Defense Agency (MDA). Predictive tools for assessing the aero- thermal demise of intercept debris are needed to support BMDS effectiveness evaluations, flight test and range safety operations, and consequence mitigation assessments. During this Phase I effort, Shearwater Technology, Inc. will team with ITT Exelis to develop a fast- running simulation tool for predicting aero-heating and aero-thermal demise of post intercept debris with complex geometries. We have developed a novel approach to create a unique toolset that will have the capability to predict in-depth phenomena, such as ablation and surface recession, for three dimensional debris objects in high velocity flows. We also intend to benchmark the technology against existing test data and develop necessary criteria for scoring demise modes, such as consumption, catastrophic burn-through, dynamic pressure overload, and g-load crushing.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4847
Vladimir Kolobov
MDA12-010      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Antenna Design in Hypersonic Plasma Environment
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a computational tool for characterizing TM and GPS antennas mounted on plasma-engulfed hypersonic missiles and re-entry vehicles. The computational tool leverages coupled Computational Electro-Magnetics (CEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques to simulate antenna operation following prediction of the missile or vehicles plasma environment (sheet and wake). The tool will incorporate several innovations: i) octree Cartesian mesh for automatic mesh generation around complex geometries and dynamic mesh adaptation to plasma properties and electromagnetics, ii) high-fidelity, physics-based model of hypersonic plasma environment for a wide range of conditions (velocity and altitude) covering rarefied and continuum flow regimes, iii) state-of-the-art, fast, and high-order accurate CEM solvers for simulating wave propagation through plasma and the impact of the antenna and associated transmit power on the plasma environment. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of the coupled CEM-CFD tool using simple ballistic re-entry vehicle geometry and antenna. In Phase II, we will fully develop the tool, demonstrate its capabilities for modeling realistic re-entry bodies supporting complex receiving and transmitting antennas and arrays thereof moving along general trajectories; the tool also will be validated against available test data.

Stellar Science Ltd Co
6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 725
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 763-8268
Shane Stafford
MDA12-010      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:Antenna design in the Plasma Environment
Abstract:Development of the ballistic missile targets is a complex undertaking, particularly since radio-frequency (RF) blackout caused by plasma formation during re-entry complicates antenna designs for Global Positioning System (GPS) and telemetry signals. To minimize the cost of the design/build/test process, proposed designs should be first simulated and refined in a virtual prototyping environment before further developed in hardware. However, the available virtual prototyping software is currently not capable of predicting the coupled response of the plasma-antenna system, and is therefore inadequate for designing active or impedance-matched antenna systems. We propose to develop a working prototype of a coupled CFD/CEM solver that has the basic features required to simulate re-entry plasmas, utilizing a continuation method that couples a time-dependent CFD solution to a time- dependent CEM solution using different time scales. Verification and validation of this methodology will be performed on a model with characteristics relevant to MDA ballistic missile targets. This tool will implement the appropriate physical models to facilitate the design of antennas in a plasma sheath and provide a flexible software architecture that can be applied to a broader range of problems and ultimately interface with existing solver environments.

Virtual EM Inc.
3055 Plymouth Rd, Ste 200
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 222-4558
Tayfun Ozdemir
MDA12-010      Awarded: 1/17/2013
Title:Antenna Design in the Plasma Environment Using Coupled CEM and CFD Modeling
Abstract:A coupled CEM and CFD modeling is proposed for prediction of antenna performance in plasma environment with particular application to reentry vehicles. The degree of coupling between the fluid dynamics and the electromagnetics will be investigated as well as identification of the parameters that relate the two modeling processes. End product is a hybrid computational tool with a complete GUI that allows the user to design and predict the performance of antennas on missile reentry vehicles.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Juan Hodelin
MDA12-011      Awarded: 2/19/2013
Title:Man-Portable Multifrequency Microwave Inspection System
Abstract:To address the MDAs need for a nondestructive evaluation (NDE) system for nonconductive composite multilayer stacks, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new man-portable multifrequency microwave inspection (M3I) system based on the use of POCs near-field microwave inspection module with custom-developed Fourier holographic property reconstruction algorithm augmented by an artificial neural network. The innovation in real- time parameter extraction based on complex reflectometry measurements will enable the M3I system to simultaneously identify structural defects (e.g., inclusions, voids, and disbonds), material layer thickness for manufacturing verification, and layer-by-layer RF properties (complex permittivity and permeability) in the S-X bands. Based on microwave inspection and utilizing commercial-off-the-shelf components, M3I is safe, inexpensive, and compact. As a result, the fully integrated M3I system is anticipated to be a man-portable tool to extract multi- layer composite properties, thus enabling high fidelity modeling and meeting MDA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the M3I system by developing a concept system design for all-in-one, layer-by-layer composite structural and RF NDE. We will demonstrate the system performance through modeling, simulation, and assembly of a laboratory prototype. In Phase II, POC will develop a portable prototype of the M3I system for bench and field testing.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Russell Austin
MDA12-011      Awarded: 12/12/2012
Title:RF Material Property Characterization
Abstract:The research team proposes to expand the capabilities of an existing microwave nondestructive evaluation (NDE) system that measures thickness, quantifies dielectric properties (e.g. loss tangent, phase shift, dielectric constant, conductivity), and detects flaws in composite materials. The prototype system has been successfully used on military aircraft sandwich and single layer composite structures in the field. Proposed improvements will allow it to measure thickness and dielectric properties of each individual layer of material while maintaining its ability to detect very small (0.25 diameter, 0.008 thick) flaws. The existing system provides this level of flaw detection, but provides thickness and dielectric properties of the bulk composite. Preliminary results using the new approach show successful measurement of dielectric properties and thicknesses of each individual layer in stacks up to 7 layers. The system requires only inputs of measured NDE data. No base dielectric properties nor target thicknesses need be entered before calculating the answers. The existing equipment is portable (<5 lbs), low power, and allows data mapping and storage. Phase I will use multilayer samples up to 1 thick to demonstrate accurate, quantitative dielectric property and thickness measurement of every individual layer in a composite stack while also detecting small defects.

X-wave Innovations, Inc.
407 Upshire Circle
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 948-8351
Dan Xiang
MDA12-011      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:A Low-Cost Hybrid Ultrasonic-RF Sensor System for Characterization of Composite Materials
Abstract:To address the need of MDA for a NDE system for simultaneously providing feedback on the thickness and RF properties of composite, non-conductive materials in multi-layer stacks, X- wave Innovations, Inc. (XII) along with Iowa State University (ISU), proposes a low-cost, hybrid ultrasonic-RF sensor (HURFS) system. The proposed HURFS approach is based on the XII-developed ultrasonic technology and ISU-developed resonant frequency technology. The enabling technology will allow the thickness and defects in multi-layer composite structures to be detected and the RF material properties of the individual layers to be identified. For the Phase I program, XII will prototype a HURFS system and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed hybrid ultrasonic-RF sensor system. For the Phase II program, XII will focus on continued development of the improved hardware and software and re-package the design into an final prototype HURFS system that meets the specifications set forth by MDA. For the Phase III program, XII will focus on collaborating with our commercial partners to improve and package the HURFS technology into to a turnkey commercially-available system.

Battlefield Telecommunications Systems, LLC
6250 Old Dobbin Lane, Suite 140
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 290-0462
Dunling Li
MDA12-012      Awarded: 1/2/2013
Title:Advanced Techniques for Lossless Compression of Target Vehicle Telemetry
Abstract:An effective and efficient lossless compression algorithm allows additional telemetry and other data to be sent without using excess bandwidth. The proposed lossless compression approach combines real-time system design principles, traditional optimum lossless encoding, the latest research in multimedia compression methodologies, and advanced streaming technologies into the design architecture of the proposed compression algorithm. The proposed system is designed to be robust to transmission errors and security threats, easily portable across platforms and straightforward to adapt to parallel architectures. The implementation proposed is designed to be adaptable to a wide variety of DoD and commercial data sets, allowing for use beyond the specialized design parameters.

PrimaComp Inc.
851 Maxwell Drive
Niskayuna, NY 12309
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 522-7781
William Pearlman
MDA12-012      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Advanced Techniques for Lossless Compression of Target Vehicle Telemetry
Abstract:We propose to create a unique on-board software platform that will compress without loss a wide variety of telemetry data, including health and status information of vehicle body components, kinematic information, and visible and IR imagery. Different sub-systems treat encrypted and original data. The encoding software will meet the specifications of low complexity, fast computation, and low latency. It will be easily portable to other processors and reconfigurable in hardware. The uniqueness stems from the use of a single compression algorithm, SPIHT (Set Partitioning in Hierarchical Trees), to encode all the numerical data, regardless of dimension. The compression techniques therefore inherit the properties of spatial and rate scalability inherent to SPIHT. No other compression system has the flexibility of the proposed system and meets the specifications of low complexity, fast computation, and low latency.

Vadum
601 Hutton St Suite 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Francois Malassenet
MDA12-012      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Adaptive Compression of Telemetry Data using Application Specific Dictionaries
Abstract:Vadum proposes to create a novel telemetry data compression/decompression system, SCoCD (Sparse Compression on Complete Dictionaries) with very low latency, very high compression rate, and very low distortion. The system will allow lossless compression, and can be tuned for each type of data stream with particular emphasis on imagery. Vadum has demonstrated x59 compression of Aegis test-fire imagery, with a peak SNR of 45 dB, in less than 0.02 seconds computation time with a slow, high-level language implementation. Classical compression techniques achieve low-latency, high-compression rate constraints but fail to achieve low distortion constraint, particularly for imagery. Hardware-accelerated solutions may achieve low latency and low distortion, but lack compression performance when applied to video or images. None of the classic techniques can compress already encrypted data. SCoCD will fill the technology gap by integrating the latest advances of Compressive Sensing and Dictionary Learning.

InnoSense LLC
2531 West 237th Street Suite 127
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-2011
Maksudul Alam
MDA12-013      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Modular Hypergolic Leak Detector
Abstract:The U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is seeking a highly reliable, compact, low-power and low-cost transducer to detect rapid changes in concentration of hypergolic fuels and oxidizers. To meet this MDA need, InnoSense LLC (ISL) will develop a chemical transducer- based hypergolic leak detector using proprietary polymer nanomaterials and electronic design. Building on the well established collaborative relationship with the relevant prime contractor, ISL will design this transducer to operate under the size constraints of the existing detection system. The transducer will detect target analytes reliably and accurately in all required sensing locations operating through temperatures from -46 to +71 deg C. In Phase I ISL will carry out all relevant tests to establish that the proposed transducer shows the capability of being compliant with all MDA needs. In Phase II, ISL will optimize the leak detection capabilities and build a compact and low battery-powered prototype for integration as a drop-in-replacement and to test in air and dry nitrogen environments. In Phase III, we will focus on the initial product as directed by MDA. A highly proficient engineering team has been assembled to carry out the project successfully at various phases of the project for DOD procurement purposes.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6360
Manal Beshay
MDA12-013      Awarded: 1/8/2013
Title:Modular Optical Sensor for Hypergolic Leak Detection
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to adapt and advance its recently developed intrinsically safe hypergolic leak detection technique, based on its well established optical sensing techniques, for developing a modular liquid hypergolic propulsion (LHP) leak detection sensor. We have identified highly stable and sensitive colorimetric indicators for monomethylhydrazine (MMH) and nitrogen oxides (MON25), and will adapt them for an optical LHP leak detection transducer as a drop-in module for THAAD missiles. This optical leak detection transducer module will exhibit sensitivity (i.e., 100 ppm MON25, 300 ppm MMH, or better), response time, miniaturization, power consumption, lifetime, and ruggedness against shock and vibration that comply with THAAD storage, transportation, and operation requirements. In collaboration with Lockheed Martin, the prime contractor on the THAAD program, IOS will optimize design and performance to meet all THAAD safety requirements. Phase I will demonstrate the optical sensor components, and identify safety issues and requirements for system design. The established basis, building on our prior and ongoing developments, will enable IOS to address the specific THAAD requirements and deliver an advanced sensor that suits the MDA need.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
MDA12-013      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Sensitive and Selective Hypergolic Leak Detector (1001-891)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to develop a new hypergolic leak sensor, replacing the current design. Tritons sensor will operate between -46 to 74 oC and detect MMH and MON-25 at less than 100 ppm concentrations.The chemical transducer will be designed to be low power, using less than 0.3 milli watts power average with high reliability, greater than 8000 hours, and very low false alarm rates, mean time between false alarms greater than 12500 hours.

AmplificationTechnologies, Inc.
50 Eisenhower Drive
Paramus, NJ 07652
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 880-8111
Rafael Ben-Michael
MDA12-014      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing Technologies for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:This proposal is directed toward Focus Area 1: Low noise high sensitivity and high bandwidth detector arrays at 1m. Amplification Technologies Inc. has invented and demonstrated a fundamentally new technology to design and fabricate high-sensitivity photodetectors. We invented an amplification method that is applied to dramatically increase the detection sensitivity in photo detectors. The Discrete Amplification Photo Detector (DAPD) is demonstrated by monolithic integration of the discrete amplification invention with an avalanche mechanism and a negative feedback mechanism, to create an extremely high- sensitivity and very low noise photodetector that is capable of detecting single photons, while having a large detection area to support real life optical systems, and while operating at room temperature. This technology is demonstrated in two material systems: silicon for sensitivity in the UV and visible wavelength range of 300nm to 900nm, and InGaAs/InP in the short wave infrared (SWIR) wavelength range of 900nm to 1700nm. With either material system, the prototype detector devices are fabricated using conventional lithography and other standard and foundry based, readily available, semiconductor wafer processing technologies

Illinois Applied Research Associates LLC
21W625 Huntington Rd
Glen Ellyn, IL 60137
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 390-0350
Ryan R. Ahern
MDA12-014      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:High Performance Nanopillar Optical Antenna Avalanche Detector Operating at 1.06um
Abstract:Three dimensional (3D) imaging and single-wavelength active sensors are very effective for distinguishing moving targets, such as missiles, from decoys and for cutting through natural clutter and thermal noise. For systems equipped with ALS to accurately acquire, track and point moving objects, extremely sensitive detectors are required to be able to provide the bandwidth and resolution necessary. This proposal investigates a novel platform for high sensitivity, high bandwidth, low noise detector arrays in the 1 μm wavelength realm. The detector platform is based on the Nanopillar Optical Antenna Avalanche Detector (NOAAD) technology such that both plasmonically enhanced absorption and enhanced avalanche multiplication is engineered within a semiconductor nanopillar.

Kestrel Corporation
3815 Osuna Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 345-2327
Boyd Hunter
MDA12-014      Awarded: 1/3/2013
Title:2-D Hyperspectral Imaging for High Speed Target Engagement and Identification
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to describe the design and technique behind a novel framing 2-dimensional (2-D) hyperspectral imager system that overcomes the limitations of traditional hyperspectral systems when tracking high speed targets and is capable of placing a 2-dimensional spatial grid on the target with enough pixels for shape-based target detection, while simultaneously and instantaneously collecting a full spectral signature for each image element. The combined collection of spectral and 2-D spatial data enables the system to stay locked-on the target, providing a real on-the-move capability. The proposed solution is applicable to all imaging bands [e.g., Ultraviolet (UV), Visible/Near Infrared (VIS/NIR), Shortwave Infrared (SWIR), Midwave Infrared (MWIR), Longwave Infrared (LWIR)].

EOTRON LLC
1644 Ord Way
Oceanside, CA 92056
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 429-7117
Gerald Kim
MDA12-015      Awarded: 1/8/2013
Title:Development of Line-narrowed Diode Pump Sources for DPAL systems
Abstract:Eotrons advanced diode laser packaging technology allows construction of an efficient and compact line-narrowed diode stack combined with Volume Brag Grading (VBG) for pumping a Diode Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL). A single laser diode bar with a 20pm spectral line-width demonstrated more than 30W of cw output power at 780nm pumping a rubidium vapor laser. However, current diode laser stacks have failed to narrow spectral line-widths below 0.05nm due to pointing inaccuracies with the individual diode bars and thermal instability of a large VBG. Eotrons technology places all laser diode bars in near perfect alignment to the VBG, narrowing spectral line-width. Lowering thermal resistance of the silicon diode package improves electrical-to-optical efficiency, stabilizes turn-on time and wavelength drift of the DPAL system. Also, the cooling technology of Eotrons Silicon Macro-Channel (SMC) design will be applied to the VBG element to stabilize wavelength drift and local thermal effect. Eotrons SMC and silicon packaging implemented in diode laser stacking along with VBG cooling, will demonstrate improved performance and spectral line-width narrowing due to its accurate micron-level assembly of the diode stack, overcoming the limitations of current diode laser technologies to allow the delivery of a cost effective pumping module for DPAL systems.

Gener8, Inc
535 Del Rey Ave.
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 940-9898
William K. Bischel
MDA12-015      Awarded: 12/17/2012
Title:Development of Line-narrowed Diode Pump Sources for DPAL systems
Abstract:We propose a radical new approach for to the design, fabrication, and packaging of a narrow-band semiconductor diode laser array pump source for a DPAL high energy laser system. The concept is scalable to kW class pump laser powers.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Kirk Price
MDA12-015      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Wavelength Stabilized Two Dimensional External Cavity Arrays for Pumping Alkali Vapor Laser Systems
Abstract:nLIGHT proposes a two dimensional Wavelength Stabilized Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (WS-VECSEL) as a pump source for Rb vapor alkali laser used in directed energy weapons. The integration of a narrow-band reflector (i.e. a volume holographic grating) into the external cavity portion of the resonator, the structure promises power scalability from a monolithic active gain media and the narrow-band performance of a VHG- locked diode laser. With experience in high power / efficiency diode lasers, wavelength stabilized diode sources free from power-penalty; device packaging expertise, and epitaxial growth capabilities, nLIGHT is uniquely suited to be successful in all aspects of this program.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Jeff Brown
MDA12-016      Awarded: 12/21/2012
Title:Optics and Coatings for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:This purpose of this project is to develop coatings for use inside the gain cavity of next generation Diode Pumped Alkali Lasers (DPALs). These coatings will be applied to transparent surfaces of the cavity used to couple the pump energy into the gain media and allow the transmission of the alkali lasing wavelength. These coatings will serve two purposes: protection of the transparent window (e.g. sapphire) from chemical attack by the Rb vapor at elevated temperatures with simultaneous irradiance by the pump and output beam. Furthermore, the coating will also form an AR coating substantially decreasing the reflective loss which currently occurs from all surfaces. These benefits will improve DPAL performance and extend the operating lifetime. Acree Technologies Incorporateds extensive experience in the design of coatings for harsh environments and coating capability provides a unique combination for successful completion of this important work.

MetaStable Instruments, Inc.
5988 Mid Rivers Mall Drive - Suite 236
St. Peters, MO 63304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(636) 447-9555
George Dube
MDA12-016      Awarded: 2/8/2013
Title:Laser Cleaning of Optics and Coatings for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:Attenuated total internal reflection laser cleaning will be investigated as a solution to DPAL window contaminantion.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Vivek Nagarkar
MDA12-016      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Corrosion-Resistant AR Coating of High Energy Alkali Laser Components Using Refractory Materials
Abstract:Realization of high-performance compact lasers will require the development of substrates and advancements in optical coatings that can withstand the harsh environments of corrosive gases, high temperatures, and high energy densities. Toward this end we intend to undertake the development of novel optical coatings that will simultaneously provide the necessary protection and maintain the optical performance of coated components to the desired levels. The significant expertise of Radiation Monitoring Devices (RMD) and our sibling company Evaporated Metal Films (EMF) in designing, developing, and manufacturing advanced thin films and optical coatings will be used to realize the desired technology. Specifically, the proposed multi-layer index-matching coating(s) will be designed to ensure maximum transmission and minimum reflectance at the D1 and D2 wavelengths of Rubidium. Furthermore, its chemical structure will be resistant not only to Rb vapor, but also to its oxides and hydroxides. Computer modeling of the layered structure will be performed to study its light transmission properties. During Phase I, the efficacy of our approach will be demonstrated by coating sapphire substrates used in Diode Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS). To facilitate technology transition to commercialization we have teamed with a well-known company currently developing DPALS for commercial use.

Anasphere, Inc.
106 Pronghorn Trail
Bozeman, MT 59718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 994-9354
John A. Bognar
MDA12-017      Awarded: 1/3/2013
Title:Atmospheric Characterization for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract: Atmospheric refractive index fluctuations directly impact the propagation of laser beams through the atmosphere. A key parameter of interest to be directly acquired or derived from atmospheric measurements is the refractive index structure parameter CN2. Atmospheric refractive index, and therefore CN2, can theoretically be derived as a function of temperature, humidity, and pressure measurements, but there are significant problems associated with such an approach. To better meet the measurement needs, a suite of three sondes will be developed: a new type of thermosonde, a refractive index sonde, and a full-featured sonde that incorporates those functions plus other meteorological measurements. The former two sondes will return high-speed data that can be used to compute CN2 and the related parameter CT2, respectively. The full-featured sonde will return all of that data plus other relevant meteorological and optical parameters. Data from these sondes will be integrated with atmospheric models to enable forecasts of these parameters and to support the development of decision-making aids based on the models. In Phase I, the new thermosonde will be developed and demonstrated, the other two sondes will be designed, and suitable forecast models will be identified for use with the sonde data.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Matthew R. Whiteley
MDA12-017      Awarded: 1/3/2013
Title:Atmospheric Characterization for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract:MZA partnered with the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) propose the development of an integrated satellite-derived numerical weather prediction (NWP) modeling and optical sensor measurements technique to provide comprehensive atmospheric characterization for modeling of directed energy (DE) weapon performance. We will build on an existing technique for temperature and wind modeling using satellite atmospheric sounder data and apply advanced processing to obtain optical turbulence strength, Cn2. We will also develop path-weighted turbulence measurement techniques using existing sensors on DE aircraft platforms. These two sources of data will be brought together into a single characterization of an atmospheric volume, allowing errors in the NWP-derived turbulence strength to be compensated by the on-board optical measurements. The resulting atmospheric characterization in altitude and over a geographic region will be used with AFITs LEEDR code and MDAs SHaRE/SCALE system performance modeling codes to prototype an atmospheric decision assistance tool. The processing methods will be developed during Phase I Base period and the prototype tool software will be developed during the Phase I Option period. Dr. Matthew Whiteley will be Principal Investigator for MZA and Dr. Steve Fiorino will be the Meteorology/NWP Expert for AFIT.

Yankee Environmental Systems, Inc.
101 Industrial Blvd.
Turners Falls, MA 01376
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 863-0200
Mark C. Beaubien
MDA12-017      Awarded: 2/15/2013
Title:Atmospheric Characterization for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract:Test and evaluation of directed energy weapons requires upper air data to accurately characterize environmental conditions within the test range. We describe an expendable lightweight “Optisonde† sensor package that measures in-situ pressure, temperature, humidity, winds and optical turbulence. We leverage proven sensors from our commercial dropsonde/radiosondes and propose two new sensors to measure high resolution temperature (via a ultra fast responding fine wire thermometer) and optical scintillation (via a LED source/detector array). Particular emphasis will be placed on robust design, ensuring survivability in difficult icing conditions. For measurements at altitudes well into the stratosphere Optisonde will be compact enough to be lofted via helium balloon, released by Yankee’s Automated Radiosonde Launcher. For those applications where measurements below 65,000’ are acceptable, it will be compatible with Yankee’s Automated Dropsonde Dispenser mounted on Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicles. These dual up/down modes provide flexible ‘on demand’ deployment over ocean test ranges, where logistics become complex. Phase I will focus on the prototype sensor design and analysis, and Phase II will involve prototype field-testing and integration with numerical weather prediction and refraction/propagation models. The proposed technology will provide the test community with a reliable measurement system to support ongoing research and test programs.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jeffrey J. Breedlove
MDA12-018      Awarded: 1/9/2013
Title:Contamination-Free, Lightweight, Helium-Rubidium Vapor Circulation System
Abstract:Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS) have great potential for missile defense and other applications. These systems require a uniform, steady, flowing mixture of helium and rubidium vapor at elevated pressure and temperature. Significant challenges exist because rubidium is a very reactive material. In response, our team proposes to develop a contamination-free, all-metal, hermetic, circulation system based on gas-bearing turbomachines we have developed for space-based applications with operating temperatures up to 780C. Specific benefits include low mass, compact volume, zero maintenance, high reliability, and long life. The approach is also modular and scalable with current technology appropriate for significantly smaller and larger flow rates than currently requested by MDA. Our team is well-suited to succeed because we have a long history developing advanced thermodynamic systems for challenging aerospace applications, core technology elements are mature from prior work, we have high-level laser expertise to ensure design details are relevant for DPALS, and we have extensive experience with alkali metal reactivity and compatibility. During Phase I, we will optimize design trades, complete a preliminary design, and conduct rubidium vapor tests. We will then fabricate and test a prototype circulation system during Phase II.

Frederick T. Elder & Associates
P. O. Box 44291
Madison, WI 53744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 257-6661
Frederick T. Elder
MDA12-018      Awarded: 1/2/2013
Title:Light weight Rubidium-Metal Vapor Circulating System
Abstract:Frederick T. Elder & Associates(FTEA) proposes an approach to the development of a closed-cycle Helium-Rubidium(He-Rb) circulator that allows for FTEA to ensure safety throughout the project, to manufacture a prototype at a reasonable cost using mostly commercial components if selected for Phase II, and to meet or exceed the requirements outlined in the solicitation. FTEA has considered existing Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser technologies, rubidium chemical compatibility, low-leak fittings, contamination resistant and seal-less pumps, and contacted subcontractors who have offered their experience and future assistance. By choosing a design that does not require dynamic or rotating shaft seals, FTEA will eliminate the accidental release of hazardous material and the contamination of the supplied He-Rb mixture. The selection of commercially available hardware allows FTEA to apply our past experiences with hazardous chemicals and custom test apparatus towards the requirements of the MDA while minimizing the cost and development time for the finished product.

Logos Technologies, Inc.
2701 Prosperity Ave Suite 400
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 344-4339
Jason Zweiback
MDA12-018      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Light weight Rubidium-Metal Vapor Circulating System
Abstract:We are proposing a novel architecture for a rubidium-metal vapor circulating system. This system has the benefits of long lifetime, extensive use of COTS equipment, and the ability to provide clean helium gas which could be used as gas curtains to protect optical windows. The system will be designed from lightweight materials and individual subsystems will be designed as LRUs for maintainability.

Global Technology Connection, Inc.
2839 Paces Ferry Road Suite 1160
Atlanta, GA 30339
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 803-3001
Freeman Rufus
MDA12-019      Awarded: 1/4/2013
Title:Solid State High Energy Laser Batteries and Power Sources
Abstract:The next generation of technology for laser weapons, i.e. diode pumped or fiber, requires significant electrical power for driving the laser and supporting systems. There is a need for compact and lightweight power generation, storage, and conditioning for transitioning the laser technology to an airborne platform for missile defense. Global Technology Connection, Inc. (GTC) in collaboration with a Li-ion battery manufacturer for high-energy lasers, Saft America Space and Defense Division, addresses the development of a health aware, innovative, lightweight, and robust power system that is scalable from 250kW to a system capable of powering the diodes arrays of a diode pumped MW class high energy laser system. This program will leverage GTCs prognostic health monitoring tools for (Li- ion) battery systems and Saft Americas recent work on the development of Li-ion battery systems for high energy laser systems. The Phase I effort will concentrate on subscale testing of Li-ion batteries composed of 1 to 7 high power cells for 10s of seconds pulses with off time less than 1 minute. Preliminary battery health monitoring algorithms will be developed to determine remaining pulses and battery runtime along with remaining calendar time before replacing battery. The best location for embedding the battery health algorithms will also be determined. From modeling and simulation of the battery system, noisy onboard power and dynamic load representing the laser system, initial requirements and designs of the charging hardware and filtering electronics will be determined. Phase I will include the development of plans to further scale the power system design to 250kW and 1MW in Phase II. The performance of the Li-ion battery based power system will be assessed according to weight, number of pulses and robustness to providing filtered power to the laser system. Phase II will develop and refine the Phase I health aware Li-ion battery system concept and prototype for 250kW capability.

Lithiumstart LLC
107 W North St Ste A
Healdsburg, CA 95448
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 803-1178
Thomas Cook
MDA12-019      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Solid State High Energy Laser Batteries and Power Sources
Abstract:The US DoD Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is working to acquire laser based strategic Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) technologies. The laser platform will be airborne, ideally on an aircraft with long range, extended loitering time, and stealth capabilities. The system needs to scale up to 10 megawatts. Any laser solution requires a power source, and laser power sources with the required level of energy discharge have traditionally been chemical based and require jumbo jet sized aircraft which do not fit the desired mission profile. Lithium ion battery technology offers a potential lightweight, robust, and compact option which could be deployed on a much smaller UAV platform with a 5-10 thousand pound payload capacity. The technical challenges for developing a suitable battery system require innovative approaches to scale existing kilowatt class technology into the megawatt range. In Phase 1, Lithiumstart proposes to address key elements of risk by testing the technical feasibility of three key innovations. If successful, Phase 2 will focus on issues of practicality by building and demonstrating a 1 megawatt system suitable for field tests and evaluation.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher M. Lang
MDA12-019      Awarded: 3/27/2013
Title:Safe, On Demand High Energy Power System
Abstract:Power systems offering higher energy and power densities are necessary to meet the demands of next generation electrical devices. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will combine together a metal anode and lithium metal oxide fiber cathode to form a power system offering enhanced energy (>260Wh/kg) and power density (>2600W/kg). During the Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the ability to charge the power source from a fully discharged, inert state to a fully charged, operational ready state in less than 2 minutes. PSI will demonstrate discharge rates of 10C and greater for the system while delivering high energy density. The low cost cathode fibers will allow for enhanced rate capability as compared to traditional materials. Construction of 100+mAh cells and the subsequent testing will demonstrate the ability to deliver the required performance. Using the generated data, a power system will be designed and the performance predicted. During the option effort, the prototype system will be constructed and used to power a laser source. Testing in a simulated high altitude environment will demonstrate the ability to operate in the target environment. Successful completion of these efforts will demonstrate the readiness of the technology for further scale- up and demonstrations in Phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Wenjian Wang
MDA12-020      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Real-time Atmospheric Vapor Image Compensation for Infrared Scenes
Abstract:To address the Missile Defense Agencys (MDAs) need for real-time correction of water vapor effects in infrared scenes, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Atmospheric Vapor Image Compensation (AVIC) software. It is based on a fast 3D sparse matrix solver implementing finite difference implicit image restoration. The innovation in fast finite difference computation for image restoration and integration of multiple commercial off-the-shelf graphical processing unit processors will enable the AVIC software to solve unsymmetric sparse linear systems in sensor images observed through space-variant, turbulent media. As a result, this software offers real-time correction of water vapor effects, efficient usage of the central processing unit and memory, incoherent light source correction, and flexible computing resource allocation, which directly address the MDA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of AVIC by developing its atmospheric effect models in all physical layers of the atmosphere, developing water vapor correction algorithms, and demonstrating the effectiveness of its models and algorithms for star calibration. In Phase II, we plan to mature the AVIC software and demonstrate its performance on models of interest to MDA. Their performance will be characterized on modern hardware, and accuracy will be assessed on realistic models.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Hoang Dothe
MDA12-020      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Water Effects Correction Software (WECS)
Abstract:Infrared (IR) target scenes can suffer from distorting effects by atmospheric species present along the atmospheric paths through which the signals are propagated, causing errors in derived target characteristics (e.g., position, velocity, angle). The main contributor to these errors is refraction of the signals by water, in its various forms (e.g., vapor, cloud, air-ice mix, etc.), along the path. Turbulence phenomena and dynamic climate conditions change the parameters (water density, temperature, pressure) that affect the refraction. It is crucially important to correct for these distorting effects in order to accurately determine the position, velocity and angle of the target object. Spectral Sciences, Inc (SSI) in collaboration with CG2, Inc., proposes to develop a software algorithm, dubbed Water Effects Correction Software (WECS), to accurately model the distorting effects of water on IR scenes and correct for the errors they cause in the interpretation of target characteristics. The software will make use of weather databases to provide accurate atmospheric conditions for realistic simulations of scenes under dynamic climate conditions. The algorithms will be designed in Phase I to be suitable for acceleration to real time on board performance. The real time capable software will be our Phase II product.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
MDA12-021      Awarded: 2/21/2013
Title:Lightweight Communication Equipment for Interceptor Communications
Abstract:Based on years of experience and multiple successful production programs in missile and interceptor antenna technologies, FIRST RF will develop and demonstrate a very low size, weight and power antenna solution that will enable long range data links beyond the capabilities of current systems. This antenna solution will support reliable and robust communication through a variety of propagation conditions. Using a combination of high efficiency apertures, innovative multifunction integration strategies, and a proven history of rapidly transitioning advanced technology to production, the FIRST RF antenna solution will produce a system solution with unprecedented performance.

MAGICOM LLC
523 Canyon View Lane
Pleasant Grove, UT 84062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 796-9395
Michael A. Gerulat
MDA12-021      Awarded: 12/6/2012
Title:Lightweight Communication Equipment for Interceptor Communications
Abstract:In this SBIR Project MagiCom proposes several innovative concepts to develop a light weight and low power communication system to enable small kill vehicle communications in flight. The proposed Communications Concept will have the lowest possible weight impact on the KV. MagiCom proposes an Ultra-Wideband Communications System using a State of the Art Reconfigurable Multi-Band Conformal Array based on a Fractal Design, that could operate in at least five frequency bands, (from 2-20 GHz) which will provide connectivity with all existing MDA Communications Links, would cover Frequency Bands of S, C, X , Ku and K.

Scientic, Inc
555 Sparkman Drive Suite 214
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-0857
Bryan F. Hughes
MDA12-021      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Lightweight Communication Equipment for Interceptor Communications
Abstract:Scientic, Inc. proposes to enhance interceptor communications through the utilization of an advanced miniature software defined radio (SDR) interceptor data link. Scientic is leading the industry in this area by utilizing commercial electronics developed for mobile computing and telephony, enhancing the capabilities of interceptor communications while reducing size and cost. Scientic personnel have developed processes and techniques to miniaturize a reconfigurable computing platform which has significantly reduced size, weight, power, and cost (SWAPc) over currently fielded interceptor communication platforms. During Phase I, Scientic and its large business partner, Rockwell Collins, will develop a method in which to reduce the footprint of the RF radio component and meet the performance specs as indicated in the topic solicitation.

Analytical Services, Inc.
350 Voyager Way
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-2191
Joseph Sims
MDA12-022      Awarded: 2/25/2013
Title:Miniature Extendable Nozzles or actuating nozzles for improved ISP of DACS thrusters
Abstract:ASI is pleased to team with ATK to present a novel concept for enabling large nozzle area ratio increases for future solid divert and attitude control system (SDACS) valves/thrusters. The proposed effort will demonstrate feasibility of this advanced concept through a thorough design study that includes mechanical layout and packaging, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of nozzle performance and a kill vehicle performance comparison. We anticipate those analyses will show quite significant kill vehicle divert performance increase. To support that conclusion for our proposal, we completed a survey of state of the art in extendible nozzles and used the relative performance rankings we found in the literature to determine whether our solution represents a significant advance in state of the art. That comparison shows that our proposed solution enables a two- to five-fold increase in area ratio (for the same length) over a fixed bell nozzle, and a 40% to 100% increase in area ratio over state-of-the-art extendible nozzles. Weight and reliability impacts are minimal.

Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc.
1701 Military Trail Suite 110
Jupiter, FL 33458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 427-6277
Alex Pinera
MDA12-022      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Miniature Actuating Guided Nozzle Mechanism
Abstract:FTT has designed, built, and tested a prototype of their Miniature Actuating Guided Nozzle Mechanism (MAGNM) for use with DACS thrusters. FTTs MAGNM is a passive nozzle extension that surrounds the DACS thruster on a guide tube. When ready to deploy the nozzle extension, inert gas or propellant pressurizes the main combustion chamber and that pressure acts on a pressure cap located on the end of the nozzle extension. The pressure on the cap creates a force that actuates the nozzle extension. Once the nozzle extension reaches the fully deployed position, a latching mechanism locks it in place and the cap blows out. FTT believes the MAGNM design is superior for a few reasons. It does not require flexible materials, which allows for composite or coated refractory metal extendable nozzles. The entire system is very simple with few parts, all of which can be easily manufactured. FTT believes it has an innovative product to address this solicitation and with the funding provided by the SBIR program will produce a very successful and reliable nozzle extension for DACS thrusters.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Hunter Golden
MDA12-022      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Durable Extendible Nozzle for Ballistic Missile Defense Advanced Solid Propellant Divert and Attitude Control Systems
Abstract:Heritage vehicles with large, axial thrust rocket motors have used extendable nozzles with great success. The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) future interceptors, including the SM-3 Block IIB, require advanced DACS to evolve the BMDS toward emerging threats. Building upon its core competencies, Systimas design approach enables the proven advantages of nozzle extension technology. Teamed with a key industry partner, the proposed design approach will develop a compact light-weight, fast activation extendible Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS) nozzle with the capability to increase ISP for future interceptor programs. Systima and its partner believe that this technology will give the capability to increase ISP, within given payload volume constraints, thereby increasing the KW Delta V capability. This increased divert velocity will greatly enhance the ability of the SM-3 BLK IIB to perform its mission when engaging complex and rapidly changing BM threat scenes.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Sanford M. Dash
MDA12-023      Awarded: 12/13/2012
Title:Powdered Propellant Rocket Motor
Abstract:The preliminary design of a DAC motor using a powdered solid propellant, injected as an aerosol into the combustion chamber in a controlled manner, is formulated in this program. The injection methodology is based on a recent design developed for injecting nano and micron sized powdered metallic fuel into a scramjet combustion chamber. A variant of this design will be constructed and tested in this program, providing key data needed for the CFD-based design studies, such as percentage of powdered propellant that can be carried by the aerosol and how this varies with particle properties. The burning characteristics of the powdered propellant, which will be dependant on the size and shape of the particles as well as its composition, will be determined by laboratory studies, yielding the burn rate data needed by the CFD for motor design. CFD studies will be performed using advanced models that have been applied to analyze a variety of particulate combustion problems. The dependence of motor performance on the key parameters (such as the injected aerosol mass flux, the size of the particles, etc.) will be established, and a preliminary DAC motor design will be formulated which meets nominal performance standards.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
MDA12-023      Awarded: 1/7/2013
Title:Powder Rocket with Improved Mass-fraction and Agility (PRIMA)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performance and highly controllable solid rocket propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS) using powdered propellants. The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
MDA12-023      Awarded: 3/18/2013
Title:All Powdered Solid Propulsion System for Throttleable Divert and Attitude Control Systems
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate a controllable solid powdered propellant rocket motor for throttleable divert and attitude control systems (TDACS) in missile interceptors. Our concept enables a controllable and throttleable thrust pulsing operation, as well as, multiple start capability comparable to bipropellant liquid propulsion systems. In Phase I, the proposed investigation will focus on experimentally characterizing critical operational parameters to ensure realistic system level design with the intention of achieving a prototype demonstration in Phase II while simultaneously maximizing performance of future TDACS capability.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6823
David Wolf
MDA12-024      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:Waste Heat Recovery of Rocket Motors for Reduction of Battery Weight
Abstract:This proposal describes a program by Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) that will develop a missile engine waste heat recovery system for recharging the batteries of a missile. The proposed system will use heat pipes to transfer the waste energy from the insulation around a missile engine. The heat pipes will be covered with thermoelectrics at their condenser end where the waste energy will be converted to electric power for charging the missile batteries. Bonded to the thermoelectrics will be a phase change material which will dissipate any additional waste energy not converted to electric power. This system will be efficient in design with no moving parts and when fully optimized have a mass less than the 5 kg weight specification in the solicitation.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0525
Simon G. Stone
MDA12-024      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Lightweight Hydrogen/Oxygen Thermal Generators for Fuel Cell Power
Abstract:An enhancement opportunity exists in the current systems where weight reduction may be achieved by utilizing rocket thermal energy to provide recharge power to onboard batteries. In this proposal, Giner, Inc. and Purdue University describe an approach for a thermal power generation system that exploits the rocket waste heat to provide reactant gases from solid storage to an efficient, power-dense fuel cell. Excess heat from the ABM third stage rocket motor will be routed to solid precursor storage modules through the insulation matrix. At elevated temperature the precursors will efficiently and rapidly release hydrogen and oxygen gases to the a cell. The system is anticipated to produce >300W and weigh less than 2 kg.

Luminit, LLC
1850 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1066
Xiaowei Xia
MDA12-024      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Performance Optimized Thermoelectric Generation System
Abstract:To address the MDA need for developing innovative methods for efficient conversion of waste heat in the third stage of a solid rocket motor to electrical power, Luminit, LLC proposes to develop a new innovative Performance Optimized Thermoelectric Generator (POTEG) system. This proposed technology is based on an integrated system of highly efficient nanostructured flexible thermoelectric generators and thermal switches. The POTEG system will be lightweight (<5kg) and capable of supplying >300W of electricity to the power management system while removing heat from the insulation for at least 5 minutes and converting it to electricity. 4-10 kg of battery weight in the overall missile will be reduced by converting from thermal batteries to rechargeable batteries with this POTEG heat recovery system. In Phase I, Luminit will demonstrate the feasibility of POTEG by developing and testing a conceptual prototype of POTEG for waste heat recovery. In Phase II, Luminit plans to further refine the system design and build an integrated scalable engineering prototype capable of operating in a micro-gravity environment and survive the high-g environment of launch (40 g peak to peak at frequencies under 150 Hz).

HARPER LABORATORIES, LLC
2603 Fanelle Circle
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 508-8833
Kevin Andrew Brenner
MDA12-025      Awarded: 3/12/2013
Title:Affordable Reinforced Polymer Composite Structures with Embedded Graphene Electrical Interfaces
Abstract:The Ballistic Missile Defense Review (BMDR) identifies the necessity of more capable missiles systems as a part of the land-based Aegis Ashore Early Intercept (EI) for deployment in 2020. Modern missile systems are constrained by significant weight, volume, and reliability overheads associated with electrical cabling. The embedding of electrical interfaces within the Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) airframe will provide a route towards reduced weight and more reliable systems. Harper Labs, LLC, in collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technologys Nanotechnology Research Center will deliver a lightweight graphene-based conductor capable of supporting the increasing complexity and demands on future missile systems, i.e. the SM3 IIB. In the Phase I project, Harper will deliver a superior conductor for embedding into a cylindrical CFRP with a TRL/MRL 4. In Phase II, power/signal-carrying capabilities will be demonstrated in an airframe with a TRL 6/ MRL 7. Technology insertion at the end of Phase I will occur via identified prime partners targeting the SM3-IIB for eventual transition for Phase II and beyond.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8360
KAREN CHIU
MDA12-025      Awarded: 1/4/2013
Title:Embedded Power and Signal Interconnects for Composites (EPIC)
Abstract:The overall objective of this Phase I effort is to demonstrate structural integration of key and critical electrically conductive components, and assess their performance including strain and fatigue capabilities by developing and evaluating multiple concepts. To this end, NextGen will investigate multiple technologies and concepts which will lead to structurally integrated power buses, cables and wiring in a CFRP composite representative of missile structures. NextGen will down-select to a single concept by conducting structural and electrical testing and fabricate a proof-of-concept cylindrical composite article with embedded conductors and first-generation ingress-egress interconnects including intermediate wiring branches. At the end of Phase I, NextGen expects to achieve a TRL = 3-4. Guided by the Phase I design and test results, a potential Phase II effort will further mature the technology by performing a comprehensive set of laboratory and operational tests to achieve a TRL = 6-7. NextGen will also address cost, weight, ease-of-fabrication and reliability issues to facilitate near-term technology transfer.

Taylor & Lego Holdings, LLC / Rapid Composites
34655 State Road 70 E.
Myakka City, FL 34251
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(941) 322-6647
Alan Taylor
MDA12-025      Awarded: 3/6/2013
Title:Affordable Reinforced Polymer Composite Structures with embedded electrical interfaces
Abstract:This proposal details inventive ways for developing affordable reinforced polymer structures with embedded electrical interfaces. Recent developments in the use of advanced composites for rapidly fabricating cylindrical missile shells have shown that it is possible to incorporate complex circuitry into the missile skins. Illustrations are provided that demonstrate significant increases in the strength of a missile section by adding power rails, specifically designed to enhance the bend and fracture toughness of the missile shell while providing high current carrying capability. The technology described herein paves the way for producing missile sections that can be attached together in any configuration to construct a uniquely customized system for meeting changing warfighter requirements. The authors of this proposal have designed, developed and demonstrated several new and unique manufacturing methods using thermoplastics that allow pre-consolidated and pre-impregnated materials to be heated within a mold and hot stamped in less than 30 seconds to the final net shape of complex parts. This is presently the fastest continuous fiber molding process in the world. This process can be used to fabricate missile sections and components with embedded electrical traces in a fraction of the time currently required for thermoset materials and with significant cost savings.

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc.
25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 213
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 444-6370
James A. Hayward
MDA12-026      Awarded: 4/1/2013
Title:Marking of Components for Avoidance of Counterfeit Parts
Abstract:Biological systems rely upon DNA for identity, indeed, for every aspect of innate function. We utilized botanical genomes as primary DNA source and engineered unique biological markers of SC originality, verifiable anywhere in the supply chain. Formulation stabilizes the marks against the challenges of SC manufacturing and the physicochemical environs that SCs experience. The sensitivity of DNA detection requires infinitesimal quantities of DNA to adequately mark SCs; there is no impact upon manufacturing. There are no limits to the number of unique markers that can be designed, or the quantity of DNA manufactured. Association of the DNA mark with reporter groups allows for rapid screening to detect the presence of DNA markers. When suspicions are elevated, forensic DNA analysis from a simple SC swab can prove originality beyond all doubt. Preliminary results from Red Team Challenges support our claim that these marks cannot be copied. This study extends our observations obtained while embedding DNA in the epoxyacrylate inks used to mark SC. We will develop a library of >10,000 marks, extending these marks into new ink formulations and commercial methods of marking in large scale. We will extend our early work on non-ink embedment methods. Stability challenges will be extended.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Robert Purnell
MDA12-026      Awarded: 2/14/2013
Title:Marking of Components for Avoidance of Counterfeit Parts
Abstract:Counterfeit parts, by definition are substandard, which compromises long life-cycle systems overseen by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA). Recent investigations by the Senate Armed Services Committee uncovered 1800 cases of suspected counterfeit electronic parts, with the total number of counterfeit parts exceeding 1,000,000. Putative solutions to the counterfeit electronics problem include both inspection technologies and authentication solutions, but these stop short of providing 100% assurance of authenticity, and often require extensive operator expertise and training. Authentication solutions which involve application of a taggant material and enrollment into secure database are available, with 13 different tags on the market. However, no secure tagging solution has been widely adopted in the electronics industry. This is attributed primarily to lack of flexibility for different microelectronic product types and processes, and a lack of consensus from end users on authentication solutions,. Furthermore, none of the existing authentication solutions are capable of identifying used products fraudulently represented as new. To address this need, the Quantitative Optical Tracking system performs rapid, inexpensive, nondestructive two factor authentication based on two identifying markers: 1) intrinsic micron-scale optical surface characteristics of electronic components, and 2) an applied taggant pattern which is permanent, cost-effective, and suitable for DoD production hardware.

Correlated Magnetics Research
125 Peter Lane
New Hope, AL 35760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 689-6062
R. Scott Evans
MDA12-026      Awarded: 3/29/2013
Title:Magnetically Oriented Structural Color Marking for Avoidance of Counterfeit Electronic Parts
Abstract:Electronic component counterfeiting is a serious problem for the DOD and for electronics companies more generally. Currently available authentication techniques offer partial solutions to the problem and cannot be broadly deployed across the complex DOD supply chain. A new platform technology is needed that can inexpensively deliver secure authentication, rapid and automated screening throughout the supply chain and ultimately facilitate the elimination of purchases containing components from unknown electronics suppliers. This proposal introduces exactly that type of solution. It features inexpensive base materials, multi-spectral optical scanning (that can happen at component and board level) and a massive, easily changed information content that can be exploited for many types of extremely asymmetrical authentication processes. It is based on the novel, early stage technologies of two small companies. Correlated Magnetics Research can program magnets to emit desired, complex fields. The COLR Technology, being commercialized by Idea Zoo, is based on engineered magnetically active nanoparticles that form structured, micro-scale lattices that create color by diffracting and scattering different wavelengths of light. Combined, these technology provide a high information content, un-copyable technology that can be scanned using inexpensive cameras.

GMATEK, Inc.
3 Church Circle Suite 266
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 306-3387
R. Glenn Wright
MDA12-026      Awarded: 2/12/2013
Title:Counterfeit Semiconductor Detection using Electromagnetic Emission Anomaly Analysis
Abstract:This project involves research and development of an instrument capable of rapidly distinguishing between counterfeit and authentic semiconductor components. A side benefit is that it can also identify failed semiconductors. Non-contact measurement techniques are used to acquire electromagnetic field emissions generated by all electronic components that are powered-up and stimulated. Counterfeit semiconductors can be detected due to counterfeiting methods and processes that result in measurable differences in internal electronic signals, crosstalk characteristics and electromagnetic field emissions as compared to authentic semiconductors. Testing merely requires the operator to install the suspect component in a socket, select the appropriate part number, and initiate the test. Test results, available in seconds, indicate either authentic, counterfeit or failed within a given range of probability as electromagnetic fields emitted by the suspect component are measured, analyzed, and compared against the electromagnetic emission model of the authentic semiconductor. Hundreds of components could be tested each hour if necessary.

Nokomis, Inc
310 5th St.
Charleroi, PA 15022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 866-0936
Bogdan Pathak
MDA12-026      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Individualized Reradiating RF Tag with Unique DNA and Integrated Antenna for Enhanced Anti-Counterfeit Markings
Abstract:This proposal seeks to develop a unique tag that will re-emit an individualized signature when in the presence of a low level RF field to definitively determine the lineage of a marked part. The signature detection apparatus will leverage Nokomis Advanced Detection of Electronic Counterfeits (ADEC) technology to allow for detection of extremely faint re- radiation. The individualized reradiating RF tags that will be developed under this effort will be made using a combination of customized integrated print-on antennas and unique DNA- encoded electrical components. The sensitivity of the DNA-based RF tags to changes in physical structure will provide at least 10,000 unique markings (the actual number will likely be in the millions). The antennas will compound that level of uniqueness at least a thousand- fold using different combinations of printed elements. In addition, Nokomis will demonstrate marker persistence after physical handling and temperature excursions, marker destruction after surface modification by sanding and blacktop recoat, sandblasting, and mechanical lapping, and detection of inherent electromagnetic signals from part circuitry.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
MDA12-026      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Optical Marking and Identification of Electronic Components with Phase-Encoded Structures
Abstract:To address the MDA need for marking/coating technology to guarantee authenticity of critical electronic components, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new technology for Optical Marking and IDentification of Electronic Components (OMIDEC) with phase-encoded structures. This proposed technology is based on parallel optical correlation between the reference and test phase-encoded structures bonded to integrated circuit (IC) electronic chips. The innovation in the novel use of a special nonreplicable phase-only volume structure (or mark) that functions as the OMIDEC key, and use of a novel optoelectronic verification system, will enable the MDA electronic system assembly personnel to safely select and use only good, noncounterfeit components. As a result, this OMIDEC technology offers both a procedure for fabrication and bonding secure marks on electronic components and an optical device for fast authentication of a single or multiple ICs, which directly address the MDA and NDAA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of OMIDEC technology by fabricating sample PE marks and testing them in laboratory experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to advance the Phase I prototype in terms of its applicability in an industrial environment, to begin at low-rate initial production level.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8274
Peter Seem
MDA12-026      Awarded: 3/27/2013
Title:Taggant-Free Secure Component Identification
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an innovative approach to detect counterfeit and remarked electronic components. The proposed solution would provide a covert, non- destructive, non-contact method for measuring and encoding information about the unique surface microstructure of each component into a Virtual Mark, read at the time of manufacture. The mark requires no consumables, no changes to the materials currently used in component manufacture and packaging, and no secret formulations or codes vulnerable to loss or theft. Through the development of a numerical model and laboratory measurements in Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the feasibility of capturing the mark, the uniqueness and repeatability of the mark, and show that it is robust against normal handling and exposure to solvents but will reject components after surface abrasion and remarking. A Phase II effort will produce a TRL 5 device able to operate at production volumes, speeds and tolerances, and which will recognize one unit out of 1,000,000 with a confidence of 99.98%.

DRS Research
1917 W. 234th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-4002
Rashmi Dixit
MDA12-027      Awarded: 12/22/2012
Title:Novel Thermal Barrier Coating for Nozzle Exit Cone Insulators
Abstract:High performance solid and liquid propulsion systems are subject to severe operating conditions and are required to perform at appreciably higher use-temperatures. Rocket nozzles must withstand an extremely rapid temperature increase in a highly corrosive atmosphere while maintaining a high degree of integrity. Current nozzles are often made from a variety of metal alloys, carbon-carbon or carbon phenolic composites, which are able to withstand high temperature and pressure environments. However, the phenolic nozzle exit cones typically experience extreme heat during operation and lead to premature failure of the bond line joints and housing components during firing and heat soak. This effect is more pronounced in the dual pulse rocket motors where additional heat soak is experienced due to presence of Inter Pulse Delay (IPD). The additional delay results into extra heat soak there by possible damaging the housing components such as flex bearing. In order to address these aspects, in this phase I proposal we intend to develop novel high temperature thermal barrier coatings using integrated metal bond layer and thermal barrier ceramic top layer technology on Carbon Cloth Phenolic base material.

Mentis Sciences, Inc.
150 Dow Street Tower Two
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 577-6362
Patrick McDermott
MDA12-027      Awarded: 1/28/2013
Title:Thermal Isolation of Nozzle Exit Cone Insulators
Abstract:To address the issue of heat transfer from the rocket motor nozzle exit cone into the metal support housing MSI proposes to apply a well-developed, highly insulating interlayer material, quartz polysiloxane Qz/Ps, between the exit cone surface and the metal substructure surface to maintain that surface below 150 degrees F. MSI has tested this material for fabrication of a number of high performance radomes and nosecones for USG customers where surface temperatures exceed the >1500F requirement in the solicitation. The material can incorporate glass micro balloons to significantly decrease weigh and thermal conductivity and can be braided onto to an existing exit cone outer diameter shapes using well-developed manufacturing procedures. A thermal model of the heat transfer will be developed during Phase I to guide the composition of the Qz/Ps insulating interface material as regards thickness, density, micro balloons content and distribution, and thermal conductivity. Proof of principal experiments will be conducted to validate the strength of the material, as well as thermal conductivity and other measurements.

Plasma Processes, LLC
4914 Moores Mill Road
Huntsville, AL 35811
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 851-7653
Daniel Butts
MDA12-027      Awarded: 12/11/2012
Title:Thermal Isolation of Solid Rocket Motor Exit Cone and Nozzle
Abstract:Current strategic solid rockets motors, such as the SM-3 third stage rocket motor (TSRM), employ highly aluminized propellants with gas temperatures of approximately 6,500F. Carbon-carbon nozzle throats and carbon cloth phenolic (CCP) exit cones are commonly used to manage the propellant exhaust. However, heat transfer from these components to the nozzle housing and exit cone bond-line joint currently limit mission profiles. This limitation is exacerbated in dual pulse motors with additional heat soak between pulses. To address this issue, a thermal barrier on the exterior exit cone and nozzle is proposed. This solution enables greater mission range and flexibility by minimizing heat transfer to the exit cone bond-line and adjacent bearing components. For dual-pulse motors, limiting the thermal soak will extend mission flexibility by allowing for a longer inter-pulse delay. During a Phase I effort, the team of Plasma Processes, Dynetics, ATK, and Aerojet will investigate the development and application of thermal barriers on CCP exit cones. Heat transfer analyses will be conducted to define effective structure and locations and estimate performance improvement. Following thermal analyses, a series of manufacturing demonstrations will be performed. Simulated TSRM nozzle sections with thermal barriers will be evaluated via high heat flux testing.