---------- MDA ----------

83 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Primordial, Inc.
1021 Bandana Boulevard East Suite 225
Saint Paul, MN 55108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 395-6201
Randy L. Milbert
MDA12-001      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Orion: Ballistic Missile Defense Asset Positioning System
Abstract:In ballistic missile defense (BMD), sensor placement and sensor-to-target assignment are daunting tasks; even one missed threat has devastating consequences. The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) seeks innovative algorithms for sensor coordination that recommend placement and response options in near-real time to provide maximum coverage against multiple BMD threats using a minimum number of land and sea Aegis assets. To address this topic, Primordial formed a world-class team comprised of the University of Maryland (UMD), Analytical Graphics Incorporated (AGI), and Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Sensors (MS2). UMD has proven algorithms for radar placement, AGI provides a state-of- the-art missile modeling toolkit (MMT), and Lockheed Martin MS2 is the prime contractor for Aegis BMD. Team Primordial proposes a set of algorithms accounting for various sensor types and determining their optimal placement while minimizing asset count. Primordial will implement the algorithms in a software libraryOrion SDKand then construct a simulation framework that enables assessing the algorithms in a variety of realistic scenarios. At the projects conclusion, Primordial will demonstrate the resulting system to potential users to elicit their feedback. Primordial will also develop a transition plan for integrating Orion with AGIs MMT and Lockheed Martin MS2s Aegis BMD.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 933-5355
Adel El-Fallah
MDA12-001      Awarded: 1/17/2013
Title:Ship Operating Area Adaptive Planning (SOAAP) Algorithms
Abstract:Deriving optimal positioning solutions for a hybrid Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system comprised of both land-based and sea-based assets poses daunting theoretical and practical challenges. The Scientific Systems Company Inc. team proposes to develop Ship Operating Area Adaptive Planning (SOAAP) algorithms that will include highly effective hybrid Aegis BMD models and methods for deriving optimal locations of hybrid Aegis BMD components, and also realistic multi-raid scenarios for testing and evaluation. The proposed SOAAP algorithms will aid both central BMD control and command and individual systems in efficiently deriving Ship Operating Area (SOA) locations that are optimal with respect to evolving threats and asset locations tasked for protection. The proposed SOAAP algorithms take into account the operational constraints of each sensor asset type, realistic communication constraints, and the predicted multitarget-multisituational probabilistic state estimates and derives optimal yet adaptable Sea-based positioning solutions in real time. The proposed SOAAP technology will derive accurate probability-theoretic tradeoff assessments with respect to the number and types of sensor assets versus asset protection effectiveness. This will be accomplished by evaluating the probability of occurrence of different multi-raid scenarios, assessing the sensors capabilities, and determining the probability of successful engagements for each Aegis BMD firing asset. The project team includes Dr. Ronald Mahler of Lockheed Martin. Lockheed Martin will provide both technical and commercialization support in the application of the Adaptive Planning technologies during all phases of the project.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 644-6836
Geoffrey Rubin
MDA12-001      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:Novel Planning Algorithms for Hybrid Land and Sea Platform Sensor Coordination
Abstract:TSCs response to this Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) topic demonstrates novel and innovative algorithms to fully address the objectives of this requirement. Our solution provides an adaptable approach that balances flexibility to include multiple sensor and engagement assets and the flexibility to apply the required level of fidelity to optimize BMD asset placement in a dynamic environment. The adaptable planning algorithms we will develop in this Phase I effort will provide the foundation for a comprehensive Mission Planner for a Hybrid AEGIS Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system comprised of both land-based and sea-based assets and will provide optimal Ship Operating Area (SOA) to defend a given area against missile raid. Our approach and design architecture will provide expandability to facilitate Phase II and Phase II+ follow-on efforts that will provide sensor coverage mapping, provide recommended Radar Search Doctrine (RSD) and resource/asset requirements regarding both radar and interceptors. This expandability will enhance the mission planning tool to further optimize engagement aspects of the BMD problem from fixed and mobile assets based on modeling data. Our solution will incorporate algorithmic performance models into the optimization to include realistic tracking uncertainties, lethality hypotheses, and to include studies that incorporate additional sensors (AN/TPY-2, THAAD and PTSS) into the optimization. Our algorithm design will use a proven Missile Defense System Simulation (MDSS) model. Our TSC developed National Missile Defense (NMD) Probability Analysis Tool (NPAT) will provide the basis for our MDSS and modeling to predict system performance. This is a proven tool that uses Monte-Carlo simulation.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 356-1669
Doug Owen
MDA12-002      Awarded: 12/10/2012
Title:Radar Waveforms to Discern Remote Object Attributes
Abstract:The objective of this effort is to develop signal waveform characteristics and processing algorithms that will deduce sensor-invariant attributes of a tracked object so that it can be classified, discriminated and evaluated for engagement. Under our proposed effort, we will develop enhanced radio frequency (RF) signal waveforms and associated processing algorithms, using a physics-based approach, to improve Aegis BMD engagement capability in raid environments. Our innovative techniques employ novel RF waveform characteristics such as modulation, timing, and phasing to deduce target characteristics such as its reflective, inertial, and material properties that can significantly enhance radar effectiveness and increase the probability of engagement success. The goal of our new RF waveform design effort is to require minimal changes to the radar hardware and use RF data processing algorithms that can be implemented in existing signal processors. We plan to develop a non-operational model showing how the new RF waveform characteristics can deduce such target characteristics as reflectivity, material construction, and others characteristics.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alireza Shapoury
MDA12-002      Awarded: 2/19/2013
Title:Signal Excitation and Processing Algorithm for Target Primitives Enhancement and Classification
Abstract:To address the MDAs need to develop various novel signal waveform characteristics and processing algorithms to deduce sensor-invariant target attributes of a tracked object, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Signal Excitation and processing Algorithm for Target primitives Enhancement and Classification (SEATEC). It is based on radar waveform development and signal processing. The innovation in SEATEC will enable the Aegis AN/SPY-1 to discern sensor-invariant target primitives. As a result, this technology offers advantages not only in defense superiority against hostile flying objects but also in increasing situational awareness and air safety to reduce human error, which directly address the MDA/AB requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SEATEC by developing new RF waveforms and a processing algorithm, compatible with existing AN/SPY-1 radars, that can help deduce target characteristics: reflectivity, emissivity, material construction, and others. POC will identify testing and verification criteria such as target characterization and identification and then verify the performance of SEATEC through analytical and numerical analyses. In Phase II, POC plans to further refine and optimize SEATEC to increase the systems performance margins and demonstrate technology viability through simulation and testing of slightly modified SPY-1 waveforms based on the proposed SEATEC.

POC Tech Group
41928 Sara Ann Court
Leonardtown, MD 20650
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 242-0248
Victor Chen
MDA12-002      Awarded: 2/12/2013
Title:A Novel Orthogonal Chaos-Based Radar Waveform with Optimized Receiver Filtering for Target Detection and Discrimination
Abstract:To achieve the goal of finding radar signal waveforms for supporting target information and deducing sensor-independent attributes, we propose to use a novel chaos-based orthogonal radar signal waveform with matched-filter-like (or adaptive) pulse compression processing for improving target detection and discrimination. Recently introduced quasi-orthogonal waveforms based on chaotic systems possess many desirable characteristics such as high range-resolution, low range side-lobes and good peak to average transmit power ratios. Their wideband spectrum makes them robust to jamming and other countermeasures. In addition, the chaos-based waveforms possess the properties of more robust sensing, improved sensor SNR performance, improved clutter rejection, unambiguous detection capability, outstanding range resolution, and highly potential target identification. Especially, the capability of target identification is due to the embedded identity built in to the derivation of chaos-based signals from a chaos map over the chaos control parameters.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 696-9981
Richard Wasiewicz
MDA12-003      Awarded: 12/10/2012
Title:3G and 4G Communication System Interference Remediation Techniques
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research project is to develop novel algorithms and signal processing techniques that will minimize Aegis-to-3G & 4G and 3G & 4G-to-Aegis interference. We will perform an investigation and research of new RF waveform characteristics that could enhance Aegis BMD coexistence with civilian 3G and 4G communication networks. Under this effort, we will design innovative RF techniques (i.e. modulation, timing and phasing) that can help increase AN/SPY-1 S-band radar compatibility with civilian 3G and 4G communication networks. These new RF waveforms will be largely compatible with the existing AN/SPY-1 S-band radar. The associated processing algorithms that will support the new RF waveforms will be developed, as well. The output of the Phase I will be a proof of concept design / study and identification of designs / models and test capabilities. A feasibility assessment for the proposed model, techniques, and methods proposed will be conducted. We will clearly validate the viability of the proposed solution during the Phase I effort resulting in a clear concept of operations document.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3610
David Kirk
MDA12-003      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:3G and 4G Communication System Interference Remediation Techniques
Abstract:With the significant increase in mobile communications over the last decade, the communications bands have begun to encroach on the radar bands used by the military and other users. This includes the potential loss of some radar bands as well as sharing of the bands with other users which can result in degradation of both the communications and the radar performance. Techniques to mitigate this performance degradation will become increasingly vital in the coming years as the growth of wireless communication continues. This is especially critical in Europe where the wide-band 3G and 4G communications systems have allocated frequencies at 1800, 2100, and 2600 MHz. ISLs toolbox of RFI detection and mitigation techniques are based on the cognitive radar architecture. Adapted to existing systems, these techniques provide a capability to robustly detect low levels of RFI and adapt the radar waveform to minimize interference while maintain radar system performance.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 576-2393
Carroll Nunn
MDA12-003      Awarded: 1/16/2013
Title:3G and 4G Communication System Interference Remediation Techniques
Abstract:3G and 4G mobile communications systems pose significant interference threats to the AN/SPY-1 operability ashore and in littoral environments. The specific frequency bands at which such interference sources may appear vary with geographic locations across the world. Adaptive array based techniques are not attractive in relation to the AN/SPY-1 radar because they require major upgrades to the radar. TSC propose to implement its proven local optimization technology to develop spectrally compliant, constant amplitude, AN/SPY-1 waveforms, with spectral level sufficiently low in the interference band to protect the mobile communication systems from mutual interference. TSC also proposes to implement optimal mismatched filters on receive that will protect the radar from 3G & 4G interference, and will guaranty high quality time domain waveform performance. TSC proposes to accomplish the above using affordable and practical radar upgrades, incorporating an arbitrary waveform generator and utilizing the current signal processor. TSC will also address and model the transmitter noise limitations and proposes to mitigate them, in Phase II, via pre-distortion techniques. This approach holds the potential for performance to be attained without the need for expensive transmitter upgrades.

Dynamic Ideas
43 Lantern Rd
Belmont, MA 02478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 945-7692
Adrian Becker
MDA12-004      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:Optimizing Weapons System and Sensor Pairing Through Efficient Binary Polynomial Optimization
Abstract:Exact formulations of weapon-to-threat assignment problems have long been identified as binary polynomial optimization problems which are theoretically difficult (NP-hard), thus previous research for implementation in the area has focused on heuristic solution methods or methods which compromise full formulation with limits on assignment. The introduction of sensor pairing further complicates formulation and solution. However, we explain an approach in this proposal to transform problems of this type into what are known as binary second-order cone problems. While still in the same theoretical computational complexity class, such problems have proven to be practically efficiently solvable by commercial optimization engines such as CPLEX and Gurobi. The algorithm we propose to develop and test in Phase I implements our proposed modeling approach on a detailed formulation of the simultaneous asset pairing and engagement scheduling problem thus fully integrating optimization of the exact problem.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariners Island Blvd., STE 360
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 931-2700
Richard Stottler
MDA12-004      Awarded: 2/8/2013
Title:Combined Sensor/Interceptor Scheduling based on AI Techniques
Abstract:The ultimate goal of this proposed effort is to improve the BMDS sensor and interceptor real-time scheduling capability. These improvements will include more efficient use of sensor and interceptor resources, increased kill probabilities, reduced probability of leakage, improved tracking accuracy, the ability to efficiently handle a large number of targets and resources, and faster scheduling and rescheduling. This effort builds on our previous successful interceptor scheduling work for the MDA and scheduling the Air Forces Space Surveillance Network (SSN). Those efforts demonstrated separately our ability to more optimally schedule ballistic missile intercept (using fewer interceptors to achieve equal or reduced Total Residual Leakage (TRL)) than competing algorithms and to achieve far smaller tracking error covariances with the same set of sensors than the current SSN sensor scheduling algorithms. This effort will combine the techniques from those projects and others to create a single system that will simultaneously optimize the tasking of sensors and interceptors for a solution more optimal than would be reached by optimizing them separately. The feasibility of our approach will be proven by developing a prototype in Phase I. Lockheed Martin, lead system integrator for both C2BMC and AEGIS BMD, strongly supports this effort for transition.

Torch Technologies, Inc.
4035 Chris Drive Suite C
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6000
Mike Flaherty
MDA12-004      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:Asset Pairing for Battle Management
Abstract:Torch proposes an innovative fusion of key technologies associated with an optimized asset pairing of BMDS sensors and weapon systems supporting enhanced interceptor utilization in complex multi-raid and multi-target environments. An optimized Sensor/Weapon Asset Pairing (SWAP) via a paired resource management process can provide for considerable BMDS performance enhancements and improved weapon system utilization, especially reduced interceptor leakage. SWAP algorithms and data fusion will seek to optimize Sensor Resource and Weapons Management in a synergistic fashion via a clear and logical definition of sensor and weapon constraints. Torch has chosen to make sensor constraint definition and processing a key focus of our Phase I real-time SWAP architecture via the incorporation of "Rule Based Constraint Satisfaction Programming" (RBCSP) logic within an information theoretic resource assignment process. The Torch approach leverages our significant experience with regard to the development of MDA SBIR funded real-time network based data fusion architectures for BMD. Our Phase I work plan focuses on the implementation and demonstration of a prototype real-time SWAP architecture via sensor, weapon, system, and feature based performance models coupled with highly efficient constraint based assignment algorithms in a network feedback parallel processing architecture.

ANDRO Computational Solutions, LLC
Beeches Technical Campus 7902 Turin Road, Ste. 2-1
Rome, NY 13440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 334-1163
Richard S. Loe
MDA12-005      Awarded: 2/19/2013
Title:Automated Target Characterization and Correlation with Heterogeneous Kinematic and Feature Data for Sensor Hand-Over
Abstract:We propose to develop and implement a set of algorithms within a unified target characterization and correlation framework capable of operating in a multiple heterogeneous sensor environment where detection, classification, localization and track priority information is exchanged among multiple platforms. Our goal is to deliver an effective automated and autonomous information extraction and fusion system that can be incorporated in todays operational systems. The primary focus will be on the development of algorithms for target characterization and correlation that can handle the difficult track handover between PTSS EO/IR boost phase detection sensors and weapon control sensors such as Aegis or AN/TPY-2. Information fusion with heterogeneous sensors is challenging because non-kinematic features are different for each sensor type making it is difficult to correlate features across sensors. Thus, it is necessary to develop meta-features that are sensor invariant and amenable to optimal track correlation across sensors. Once this target characterization is carried out effectively, the next task is to develop efficient fusion or correlation algorithms that can yield better common tracks and facilitate accurate track hand-over. In our approach, target characterization (information extraction) and correlation (information fusion) are tightly coupled problems that are addressed jointly to ensure optimal overall performance.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5036
David Fiske
MDA12-005      Awarded: 1/11/2013
Title:Multi-Phenomenology Discrimination for Feature Aided Data Fusion
Abstract:We propose to apply a proprietary discrimination technique rooted in the manifold learning literature to discrimination of object type through radar and through electro-optical/infrared sensors, and to use the features computed by this technique to help correlate tracks between sensors. Our discrimination technique is data-type agnostic, meaning that we can apply the same basic algorithm in both phenomenologies, which, in turn, suggests that future work may allow us to more self-consistently perform cross-sensor data fusion. The proposal leverages prior investment by MDA in radar discrimination techniques and is endorsed by a major MDA prime contractor for sensor technologies, increasing its probability of successfully transitioning to the operation BMDS.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8182
Andrew L. Stachyra
MDA12-005      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:RF-IR Target Characterization for Feature-Aided Track Correlation
Abstract:To maintain a complete, timely and coherent situational awareness picture, missile defense command and control functionality typically requires information to be integrated from a variety of different semi-autonomous sensors tracking the battle from different viewing geometries. These sensors, whether EO/IR or RF, typically each develop their own internal tracks upon objects within the scene, which later must be merged together with tracks from other sensors to form a single system track picture that best represents the consensus estimate as to the total number of objects and their trajectories. This track correlation process is complicated both by the fact that the sensors may suffer from uncorrected pointing biases, and also that not all of the sensors will necessarily acquire tracks on all of the objects. Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to improve the performance of the system track correlation process by incorporating time series signature data from the sensors in order to augment the existing distance-based track association metrics that are already currently in use by the system.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Andrew Milder
MDA12-006      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Anti-Tamper Technology for Missile Defense
Abstract:Anti-Tamper systems are designed to prevent and/or delay the exploitation of critical technologies. One of the major tools for reverse engineering is x-ray imaging, often used with computer-aided tomography to enable 3-dimensional information gathering of an IC structure. Thus, a device which can be built into the IC, and/or placed on the circuit board, that detects x-rays due to attempts at reverse-engineering is needed. The device would need to be function while in an unpowered state, consuming no or very little power. Nanohmics proposes to design and build a Buried Gate Hafnium oxide threshold X-ray detector (X- AlarmTM) that provides precision dosimetric detection of X-ray fluence with zero power consumption in a micro scale that is compatible with existing semiconductor fabrication techniques. The X-Alarm device will be fabricated similarly to a flash memory bit with a buried charge-storing gate, a control gate, and the drain and source electrodes used for reading out the state. The device will consist of two similar transistors, one using standard silicon dioxide as the gate dielectric and the other using hafnium oxide, which provides not only extremely low leakage current, but also high X-ray interaction cross section, increasing X-ray sensitivity. When sufficient X-ray fluence is incident on the device, electrons liberated by ionization will be recaptured on the buried gate, altering its charge state and shifting the threshold voltage across the readout electrodes, similar to a FET. Due to the higher interaction cross section of the halfnium oxide, that device will undergo a more marked shift in the gate threshold voltage. Comparing the threshold voltage between the reference (SiO2 dielectric) and the active (HfO2 dielectric) will give a measure of the historical total X-ray dose that is independent of temperature. This device will always be operational, independent of the power state of the device and will consume zero power.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(318) 237-3211
Heath Berry
MDA12-006      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Smart Sensing for Integrated Low Power Radiological Protection
Abstract:Billions of dollars have been invested by the United State to acquire the most technologically advanced military hardware in history, and, thereby provide battlefield advantages to military personnel. Protection of our sophisticated weapons systems and their components is critical for the continued maintenance of our technological advantages. Detecting and counteracting the newest methods of reverse engineering is vital to the protection of U.S. technology from compromise. Implementing software countermeasures alone is insufficient, especially when protecting and authenticating multiple components at the system level. Sensors covertly applied to individual components provide a solution. The focus of Phase I of this project was to develop a materials based sensor to provide a novel approach to x-ray detection which is low power, cost effective, and highly integratable. Phase II of this project shall further develop the design of the sensor and set the stage for a production level prototype. Phase II includes the investigation of the sensors ability to classify attacks and the optimization of system performance. At the conclusion of Phase II, a prototype will be demonstrated and delivered to the government.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
MDA12-006      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Ultra-Low Power Anti-Tamper Technology for Missile Defense Applications(1001-895)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to develop near-zero power advanced sensors, for protection of Critical Program Information (CPI) of MDA/BDMS assets against exploitation by reverse engineering and tampering through the use of X Ray imaging. The proposed technology will be applicable to both current and future hardware. During Phase I, Triton Systems will develop the conceptual framework for the new methods for protection against X Ray imaging. Further, Triton Systems will perform an analysis and limited bench level testing to demonstrate the sensor. During Phase II, Triton Systems will further develop and refine the methods designed in Phase I, and evaluate their effectiveness utilizing prototype systems.

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Ron Knobler
MDA12-007      Awarded: 12/21/2012
Title:Techniques for Performing Warhead Characterization
Abstract:To provide the Armed Forces with accurate lethality assessments for fielded munitions, warhead characterization is performed in ground based arena and sled testing. The current procedures are time consuming and costly, while only producing a fraction of the desired data. In the current method, the device under test is surrounded by switch screens to record fragment impact time and bundles of foam insulation to capture fragments. Fragments must be recovered by hand to be weighed and measured, requiring weeks of labor. This process is time consuming and gives no way to correlate fragment mass and velocity. Additionally, only a fraction of the fragments are recovered. To meet the need for an automatic method of full hemisphere warhead fragmentation characterization, McQ will develop a system which replaces the ring of switch screens with a network of sensors containing high speed cameras. The system will record and analyze video of the warhead fragmentation then automatically produce a report describing the mass, size, speed, and trajectory of each fragment. The system will be capable of setup by two technicians in a matter of hours and will require no manual recovery or analysis of fragments after the test.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shilpa Pradhan
MDA12-007      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Omnidirection Pulsed Three-Dimension Imaging Coherent Aperture Sensor
Abstract:To address the MDA need for techniques to perform warhead characterization, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Omnidirection Pulsed Three- dimension Imaging Coherent Aperture Sensor (OPTICAS) system based on a multi- aperture coherent 3D imaging system omnidirection view. The innovation in using coherent detection system with electro-optic gating allows recording the amplitude and phase of the backscattered light and will enable capturing of full-hemisphere warhead fragments data during warhead tests. As a result, this system offers high-velocity capturing of objects with sufficient resolution and determines individual fragment velocities, which directly address the MDA requirements. In Phase I, POC plans to develop a preliminary design of OPTICAS system and evaluate its effectiveness by using a laboratory prototype to dynamically image multiple objects in 3D space, map their velocities, and estimate their masses. A software model to detect, track, and derive position and velocity of each debris object will be demonstrated. Based on Phase I results, in Phase II, POC will design, develop, and implement a full-hemispherical warhead characterization system and associated test and data collection software to demonstrate its performance in a simulated environment. A path to support a ground-based warhead characterization test for field environment will be presented.

Torch Technologies, Inc.
4035 Chris Drive Suite C
Huntsville, AL 35802
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-6000
Jim Burke
MDA12-007      Awarded: 3/26/2013
Title:Techniques for Performing Warhead Characterization
Abstract:Leveraging our extensive experience modeling, collecting, and analyzing missile intercept data and ballistic missile state estimation, Torch proposes designing an innovative instrumentation system integrated with automated data processing and data fusion algorithms to capture full-hemisphere, open-air, fragment mass, geometry and velocity information from arena and sled warhead characterization tests. Data from multiple visible and infrared high-speed cameras will be correlated and fused to derive fragment three- dimensional state (position, velocity, angular momentum) and mass/geometry information. Specialized camera optics will be developed to improve the debris measurement signal-to- noise ratio. A unique track correlation methodology will be implemented to handle the large number of measured objects. In addition, procedures for utilizing these data products to anchor MDA core lethality models are illustrated. Our Phase I work plan will focus on the camera optical design and the implementation of our automated data processing, correlation, and fusion algorithms. This numerical simulation architecture will address the feasibility of the measurement concepts, highlight the advantages of the proposed methodology, and provide a valuable pre-mission planning tool for live-fire data collections. Our proposed hardware/software approach will address critical debris data collection capability gaps in a timely and cost effective manner.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
David Stowe
MDA12-008      Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:Modeling High Explosive (HE) Detonation Response and Resulting Debris/Shrapnel Generation from Submunitions Warheads
Abstract:As MDA continues implementation of the Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA), high fidelity and accurate characterization of post-intercept debris environments will become more and more critical to the successful operation of the larger Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system. The objective of this proposed effort is to leverage first principles physics based codes to more accurately model high and low-order explosive response and characterize the resulting debris for HE submunitions warheads in missile intercepts. Corvids approach will include a combination of high-fidelity computational modeling techniques for assessment of existing reactive modeling capabilities, development of those reactive models to address identified shortcomings, utilization of in-house high-performance supercomputing resources, and comprehensive material characterization efforts. Specifically, we will develop an improved computational and experimental methodology to accurately model HE response under arbitrary loading and environmental conditions utilizing only simple energetic characterization experiments. For validation and testing purposes, this methodology will be incorporated into the massively-parallel first-principles physics solver, Velodyne, which has been used extensively to model intercept scenarios and predict post-intercept debris. Once mature, such a capability will allow the deterministic prediction of HE submunitions response under intercept conditions, facilitating the ability to characterize the resulting debris using currently existing experimental and computational frameworks.

PeopleTec, Inc.
4901-D Corporate Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-3887
Graham Killough
MDA12-008      Awarded: 1/4/2013
Title:Modeling High Explosive (HE) Detonation Response and Resulting Debris/Shrapnel Generation from Submunitions Warheads
Abstract:PeopleTec, Inc., a Woman-Owned Small Business (WOSB), teamed with SECOTEC and ITT Exelis to provide an innovative and economical solution to Missile Defense Agency (MDA) requirements for evaluating high explosive detonation response to impact. Led by principle investigator Mr. Tim Cowles, the goal of our effort is the development of an inexpensive test technique enabling the assessment of a wide variety of high explosives and energetic materials in a cost and time-efficient manner sufficient for first principle analyses. The proposed effort focuses on inexpensive test devices, instrumentation and test set up enabling large data sets creation for the benchmarking of explosive response for first principle code analysis. The effort builds upon an initial evaluation of the available data and the primary mass/velocity trades which show the greatest need and promise for first principle benchmarking. A launch device will be designed responsive to these trades with the focus on constraints to the test situation which allow certainty of impact conditions with a minimum of instrumentation. Termed the Controlled High Explosive Response Test Apparatus (CHERTA), key design trades include the rapidity of test cycling, minimization of test consumables, and impact accuracy providing test repeatability. Designs will be assessed for durability and survivability. Phase I deliverables include the detailed test article design, operational concept and procedures, the definition of an initial test series and the identification of a government test partner to host the completed device.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Robert Nance
MDA12-009      Awarded: 12/14/2012
Title:Fast-Running Physics-Based Models for Intercept Debris Aero-heating and Aero-thermal Demise
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer this SBIR Phase I proposal. In the proposed effort, we will develop a fast-running, predictive methodology for the aerothermal demise of the debris generated during a Ballistic Missile Defense intercept event. This model will be informed by existing high-fidelity tools for material response and ablation, as well as new and existing engineering models for aerodynamic heating, and validated through comparisons to available test data. The resultant model will be developed for and integrated into existing fast-running models for post-intercept debris trajectories.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Hartmut H. Legner
MDA12-009      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Endo-Atmospheric Aero-Thermal Debris Survival and Ground Prediction Model
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) is pleased to submit an innovative proposal aimed at incorporating a novel aero-thermal algorithm into an existing debris trajectory model that contains the ability to take a high-fidelity derived debris model and propagate it to ground impact location providing range safety assessment. The aero-thermal algorithm for complex, faceted shapes is based upon validated hypersonic convective heating models as well as thermal response models for heating, mass loss and structural demise that have been developed over many years at PSI. An extensive material physical and structural property database supports the algorithm development since many diverse materials from metals to composites to ablators are found in interceptor-threat impact participants. The objective of the Phase I will be to demonstrate the effect of including aero-thermal effects on debris residual mass loss and ultimate ground impact location. The Phase II will emphasize the continued development and assessment of the new code with application to actual debris fields.

Shearwater Technology, Inc.
511 N. Missouri Ave.
Morton, IL 61550
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(309) 357-0191
Andrew Witzig
MDA12-009      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Fast-Running Physics-Based Models for Intercept Debris Aero-heating and Aero-thermal Demise
Abstract:Accurate prediction of aero-thermal demise of post-intercept debris is a high priority for the United States Missile Defense Agency (MDA). Predictive tools for assessing the aero- thermal demise of intercept debris are needed to support BMDS effectiveness evaluations, flight test and range safety operations, and consequence mitigation assessments. During this Phase I effort, Shearwater Technology, Inc. will team with ITT Exelis to develop a fast- running simulation tool for predicting aero-heating and aero-thermal demise of post intercept debris with complex geometries. We have developed a novel approach to create a unique toolset that will have the capability to predict in-depth phenomena, such as ablation and surface recession, for three dimensional debris objects in high velocity flows. We also intend to benchmark the technology against existing test data and develop necessary criteria for scoring demise modes, such as consumption, catastrophic burn-through, dynamic pressure overload, and g-load crushing.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4847
Vladimir Kolobov
MDA12-010      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Antenna Design in Hypersonic Plasma Environment
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a computational tool for characterizing TM and GPS antennas mounted on plasma-engulfed hypersonic missiles and re-entry vehicles. The computational tool leverages coupled Computational Electro-Magnetics (CEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques to simulate antenna operation following prediction of the missile or vehicles plasma environment (sheet and wake). The tool will incorporate several innovations: i) octree Cartesian mesh for automatic mesh generation around complex geometries and dynamic mesh adaptation to plasma properties and electromagnetics, ii) high-fidelity, physics-based model of hypersonic plasma environment for a wide range of conditions (velocity and altitude) covering rarefied and continuum flow regimes, iii) state-of-the-art, fast, and high-order accurate CEM solvers for simulating wave propagation through plasma and the impact of the antenna and associated transmit power on the plasma environment. During Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of the coupled CEM-CFD tool using simple ballistic re-entry vehicle geometry and antenna. In Phase II, we will fully develop the tool, demonstrate its capabilities for modeling realistic re-entry bodies supporting complex receiving and transmitting antennas and arrays thereof moving along general trajectories; the tool also will be validated against available test data.

Stellar Science Ltd Co
6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 725
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 763-8268
Shane Stafford
MDA12-010      Awarded: 12/18/2012
Title:Antenna design in the Plasma Environment
Abstract:Development of the ballistic missile targets is a complex undertaking, particularly since radio-frequency (RF) blackout caused by plasma formation during re-entry complicates antenna designs for Global Positioning System (GPS) and telemetry signals. To minimize the cost of the design/build/test process, proposed designs should be first simulated and refined in a virtual prototyping environment before further developed in hardware. However, the available virtual prototyping software is currently not capable of predicting the coupled response of the plasma-antenna system, and is therefore inadequate for designing active or impedance-matched antenna systems. We propose to develop a working prototype of a coupled CFD/CEM solver that has the basic features required to simulate re-entry plasmas, utilizing a continuation method that couples a time-dependent CFD solution to a time- dependent CEM solution using different time scales. Verification and validation of this methodology will be performed on a model with characteristics relevant to MDA ballistic missile targets. This tool will implement the appropriate physical models to facilitate the design of antennas in a plasma sheath and provide a flexible software architecture that can be applied to a broader range of problems and ultimately interface with existing solver environments.

Virtual EM Inc.
3055 Plymouth Rd, Ste 200
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 222-4558
Tayfun Ozdemir
MDA12-010      Awarded: 1/17/2013
Title:Antenna Design in the Plasma Environment Using Coupled CEM and CFD Modeling
Abstract:A coupled CEM and CFD modeling is proposed for prediction of antenna performance in plasma environment with particular application to reentry vehicles. The degree of coupling between the fluid dynamics and the electromagnetics will be investigated as well as identification of the parameters that relate the two modeling processes. End product is a hybrid computational tool with a complete GUI that allows the user to design and predict the performance of antennas on missile reentry vehicles.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Juan Hodelin
MDA12-011      Awarded: 2/19/2013
Title:Man-Portable Multifrequency Microwave Inspection System
Abstract:To address the MDAs need for a nondestructive evaluation (NDE) system for nonconductive composite multilayer stacks, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new man-portable multifrequency microwave inspection (M3I) system based on the use of POCs near-field microwave inspection module with custom-developed Fourier holographic property reconstruction algorithm augmented by an artificial neural network. The innovation in real- time parameter extraction based on complex reflectometry measurements will enable the M3I system to simultaneously identify structural defects (e.g., inclusions, voids, and disbonds), material layer thickness for manufacturing verification, and layer-by-layer RF properties (complex permittivity and permeability) in the S-X bands. Based on microwave inspection and utilizing commercial-off-the-shelf components, M3I is safe, inexpensive, and compact. As a result, the fully integrated M3I system is anticipated to be a man-portable tool to extract multi- layer composite properties, thus enabling high fidelity modeling and meeting MDA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the M3I system by developing a concept system design for all-in-one, layer-by-layer composite structural and RF NDE. We will demonstrate the system performance through modeling, simulation, and assembly of a laboratory prototype. In Phase II, POC will develop a portable prototype of the M3I system for bench and field testing.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Russell Austin
MDA12-011      Awarded: 12/12/2012
Title:RF Material Property Characterization
Abstract:The research team proposes to expand the capabilities of an existing microwave nondestructive evaluation (NDE) system that measures thickness, quantifies dielectric properties (e.g. loss tangent, phase shift, dielectric constant, conductivity), and detects flaws in composite materials. The prototype system has been successfully used on military aircraft sandwich and single layer composite structures in the field. Proposed improvements will allow it to measure thickness and dielectric properties of each individual layer of material while maintaining its ability to detect very small (0.25 diameter, 0.008 thick) flaws. The existing system provides this level of flaw detection, but provides thickness and dielectric properties of the bulk composite. Preliminary results using the new approach show successful measurement of dielectric properties and thicknesses of each individual layer in stacks up to 7 layers. The system requires only inputs of measured NDE data. No base dielectric properties nor target thicknesses need be entered before calculating the answers. The existing equipment is portable (<5 lbs), low power, and allows data mapping and storage. Phase I will use multilayer samples up to 1 thick to demonstrate accurate, quantitative dielectric property and thickness measurement of every individual layer in a composite stack while also detecting small defects.

X-wave Innovations, Inc.
407 Upshire Circle
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 948-8351
Dan Xiang
MDA12-011      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:A Low-Cost Hybrid Ultrasonic-RF Sensor System for Characterization of Composite Materials
Abstract:To address the need of MDA for a NDE system for simultaneously providing feedback on the thickness and RF properties of composite, non-conductive materials in multi-layer stacks, X- wave Innovations, Inc. (XII) along with Iowa State University (ISU), proposes a low-cost, hybrid ultrasonic-RF sensor (HURFS) system. The proposed HURFS approach is based on the XII-developed ultrasonic technology and ISU-developed resonant frequency technology. The enabling technology will allow the thickness and defects in multi-layer composite structures to be detected and the RF material properties of the individual layers to be identified. For the Phase I program, XII will prototype a HURFS system and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed hybrid ultrasonic-RF sensor system. For the Phase II program, XII will focus on continued development of the improved hardware and software and re-package the design into an final prototype HURFS system that meets the specifications set forth by MDA. For the Phase III program, XII will focus on collaborating with our commercial partners to improve and package the HURFS technology into to a turnkey commercially-available system.

Battlefield Telecommunications Systems, LLC
6250 Old Dobbin Lane, Suite 140
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 290-0462
Dunling Li
MDA12-012      Awarded: 1/2/2013
Title:Advanced Techniques for Lossless Compression of Target Vehicle Telemetry
Abstract:An effective and efficient lossless compression algorithm allows additional telemetry and other data to be sent without using excess bandwidth. The proposed lossless compression approach combines real-time system design principles, traditional optimum lossless encoding, the latest research in multimedia compression methodologies, and advanced streaming technologies into the design architecture of the proposed compression algorithm. The proposed system is designed to be robust to transmission errors and security threats, easily portable across platforms and straightforward to adapt to parallel architectures. The implementation proposed is designed to be adaptable to a wide variety of DoD and commercial data sets, allowing for use beyond the specialized design parameters.

PrimaComp Inc.
851 Maxwell Drive
Niskayuna, NY 12309
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 522-7781
William Pearlman
MDA12-012      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Advanced Techniques for Lossless Compression of Target Vehicle Telemetry
Abstract:We propose to create a unique on-board software platform that will compress without loss a wide variety of telemetry data, including health and status information of vehicle body components, kinematic information, and visible and IR imagery. Different sub-systems treat encrypted and original data. The encoding software will meet the specifications of low complexity, fast computation, and low latency. It will be easily portable to other processors and reconfigurable in hardware. The uniqueness stems from the use of a single compression algorithm, SPIHT (Set Partitioning in Hierarchical Trees), to encode all the numerical data, regardless of dimension. The compression techniques therefore inherit the properties of spatial and rate scalability inherent to SPIHT. No other compression system has the flexibility of the proposed system and meets the specifications of low complexity, fast computation, and low latency.

Vadum
601 Hutton St Suite 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Francois Malassenet
MDA12-012      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Adaptive Compression of Telemetry Data using Application Specific Dictionaries
Abstract:Vadum proposes to create a novel telemetry data compression/decompression system, SCoCD (Sparse Compression on Complete Dictionaries) with very low latency, very high compression rate, and very low distortion. The system will allow lossless compression, and can be tuned for each type of data stream with particular emphasis on imagery. Vadum has demonstrated x59 compression of Aegis test-fire imagery, with a peak SNR of 45 dB, in less than 0.02 seconds computation time with a slow, high-level language implementation. Classical compression techniques achieve low-latency, high-compression rate constraints but fail to achieve low distortion constraint, particularly for imagery. Hardware-accelerated solutions may achieve low latency and low distortion, but lack compression performance when applied to video or images. None of the classic techniques can compress already encrypted data. SCoCD will fill the technology gap by integrating the latest advances of Compressive Sensing and Dictionary Learning.

InnoSense LLC
2531 West 237th Street Suite 127
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-2011
Maksudul Alam
MDA12-013      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Modular Hypergolic Leak Detector
Abstract:The U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is seeking a highly reliable, compact, low-power and low-cost transducer to detect rapid changes in concentration of hypergolic fuels and oxidizers. To meet this MDA need, InnoSense LLC (ISL) will develop a chemical transducer- based hypergolic leak detector using proprietary polymer nanomaterials and electronic design. Building on the well established collaborative relationship with the relevant prime contractor, ISL will design this transducer to operate under the size constraints of the existing detection system. The transducer will detect target analytes reliably and accurately in all required sensing locations operating through temperatures from -46 to +71 deg C. In Phase I ISL will carry out all relevant tests to establish that the proposed transducer shows the capability of being compliant with all MDA needs. In Phase II, ISL will optimize the leak detection capabilities and build a compact and low battery-powered prototype for integration as a drop-in-replacement and to test in air and dry nitrogen environments. In Phase III, we will focus on the initial product as directed by MDA. A highly proficient engineering team has been assembled to carry out the project successfully at various phases of the project for DOD procurement purposes.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6360
Manal Beshay
MDA12-013      Awarded: 1/8/2013
Title:Modular Optical Sensor for Hypergolic Leak Detection
Abstract:Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to adapt and advance its recently developed intrinsically safe hypergolic leak detection technique, based on its well established optical sensing techniques, for developing a modular liquid hypergolic propulsion (LHP) leak detection sensor. We have identified highly stable and sensitive colorimetric indicators for monomethylhydrazine (MMH) and nitrogen oxides (MON25), and will adapt them for an optical LHP leak detection transducer as a drop-in module for THAAD missiles. This optical leak detection transducer module will exhibit sensitivity (i.e., 100 ppm MON25, 300 ppm MMH, or better), response time, miniaturization, power consumption, lifetime, and ruggedness against shock and vibration that comply with THAAD storage, transportation, and operation requirements. In collaboration with Lockheed Martin, the prime contractor on the THAAD program, IOS will optimize design and performance to meet all THAAD safety requirements. Phase I will demonstrate the optical sensor components, and identify safety issues and requirements for system design. The established basis, building on our prior and ongoing developments, will enable IOS to address the specific THAAD requirements and deliver an advanced sensor that suits the MDA need.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
MDA12-013      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Sensitive and Selective Hypergolic Leak Detector (1001-891)
Abstract:Triton Systems proposes to develop a new hypergolic leak sensor, replacing the current design. Tritons sensor will operate between -46 to 74 oC and detect MMH and MON-25 at less than 100 ppm concentrations.The chemical transducer will be designed to be low power, using less than 0.3 milli watts power average with high reliability, greater than 8000 hours, and very low false alarm rates, mean time between false alarms greater than 12500 hours.

AmplificationTechnologies, Inc.
50 Eisenhower Drive
Paramus, NJ 07652
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 880-8111
Rafael Ben-Michael
MDA12-014      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing Technologies for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:This proposal is directed toward Focus Area 1: Low noise high sensitivity and high bandwidth detector arrays at 1m. Amplification Technologies Inc. has invented and demonstrated a fundamentally new technology to design and fabricate high-sensitivity photodetectors. We invented an amplification method that is applied to dramatically increase the detection sensitivity in photo detectors. The Discrete Amplification Photo Detector (DAPD) is demonstrated by monolithic integration of the discrete amplification invention with an avalanche mechanism and a negative feedback mechanism, to create an extremely high- sensitivity and very low noise photodetector that is capable of detecting single photons, while having a large detection area to support real life optical systems, and while operating at room temperature. This technology is demonstrated in two material systems: silicon for sensitivity in the UV and visible wavelength range of 300nm to 900nm, and InGaAs/InP in the short wave infrared (SWIR) wavelength range of 900nm to 1700nm. With either material system, the prototype detector devices are fabricated using conventional lithography and other standard and foundry based, readily available, semiconductor wafer processing technologies

Illinois Applied Research Associates LLC
21W625 Huntington Rd
Glen Ellyn, IL 60137
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 390-0350
Ryan R. Ahern
MDA12-014      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:High Performance Nanopillar Optical Antenna Avalanche Detector Operating at 1.06um
Abstract:Three dimensional (3D) imaging and single-wavelength active sensors are very effective for distinguishing moving targets, such as missiles, from decoys and for cutting through natural clutter and thermal noise. For systems equipped with ALS to accurately acquire, track and point moving objects, extremely sensitive detectors are required to be able to provide the bandwidth and resolution necessary. This proposal investigates a novel platform for high sensitivity, high bandwidth, low noise detector arrays in the 1 μm wavelength realm. The detector platform is based on the Nanopillar Optical Antenna Avalanche Detector (NOAAD) technology such that both plasmonically enhanced absorption and enhanced avalanche multiplication is engineered within a semiconductor nanopillar.

Kestrel Corporation
3815 Osuna Road NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 345-2327
Boyd Hunter
MDA12-014      Awarded: 1/3/2013
Title:2-D Hyperspectral Imaging for High Speed Target Engagement and Identification
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to describe the design and technique behind a novel framing 2-dimensional (2-D) hyperspectral imager system that overcomes the limitations of traditional hyperspectral systems when tracking high speed targets and is capable of placing a 2-dimensional spatial grid on the target with enough pixels for shape-based target detection, while simultaneously and instantaneously collecting a full spectral signature for each image element. The combined collection of spectral and 2-D spatial data enables the system to stay locked-on the target, providing a real on-the-move capability. The proposed solution is applicable to all imaging bands [e.g., Ultraviolet (UV), Visible/Near Infrared (VIS/NIR), Shortwave Infrared (SWIR), Midwave Infrared (MWIR), Longwave Infrared (LWIR)].

EOTRON LLC
1644 Ord Way
Oceanside, CA 92056
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 429-7117
Gerald Kim
MDA12-015      Awarded: 1/8/2013
Title:Development of Line-narrowed Diode Pump Sources for DPAL systems
Abstract:Eotrons advanced diode laser packaging technology allows construction of an efficient and compact line-narrowed diode stack combined with Volume Brag Grading (VBG) for pumping a Diode Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL). A single laser diode bar with a 20pm spectral line-width demonstrated more than 30W of cw output power at 780nm pumping a rubidium vapor laser. However, current diode laser stacks have failed to narrow spectral line-widths below 0.05nm due to pointing inaccuracies with the individual diode bars and thermal instability of a large VBG. Eotrons technology places all laser diode bars in near perfect alignment to the VBG, narrowing spectral line-width. Lowering thermal resistance of the silicon diode package improves electrical-to-optical efficiency, stabilizes turn-on time and wavelength drift of the DPAL system. Also, the cooling technology of Eotrons Silicon Macro-Channel (SMC) design will be applied to the VBG element to stabilize wavelength drift and local thermal effect. Eotrons SMC and silicon packaging implemented in diode laser stacking along with VBG cooling, will demonstrate improved performance and spectral line-width narrowing due to its accurate micron-level assembly of the diode stack, overcoming the limitations of current diode laser technologies to allow the delivery of a cost effective pumping module for DPAL systems.

Gener8, Inc
535 Del Rey Ave.
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 940-9898
William K. Bischel
MDA12-015      Awarded: 12/17/2012
Title:Development of Line-narrowed Diode Pump Sources for DPAL systems
Abstract:We propose a radical new approach for to the design, fabrication, and packaging of a narrow-band semiconductor diode laser array pump source for a DPAL high energy laser system. The concept is scalable to kW class pump laser powers.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Kirk Price
MDA12-015      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Wavelength Stabilized Two Dimensional External Cavity Arrays for Pumping Alkali Vapor Laser Systems
Abstract:nLIGHT proposes a two dimensional Wavelength Stabilized Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (WS-VECSEL) as a pump source for Rb vapor alkali laser used in directed energy weapons. The integration of a narrow-band reflector (i.e. a volume holographic grating) into the external cavity portion of the resonator, the structure promises power scalability from a monolithic active gain media and the narrow-band performance of a VHG- locked diode laser. With experience in high power / efficiency diode lasers, wavelength stabilized diode sources free from power-penalty; device packaging expertise, and epitaxial growth capabilities, nLIGHT is uniquely suited to be successful in all aspects of this program.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Jeff Brown
MDA12-016      Awarded: 12/21/2012
Title:Optics and Coatings for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:This purpose of this project is to develop coatings for use inside the gain cavity of next generation Diode Pumped Alkali Lasers (DPALs). These coatings will be applied to transparent surfaces of the cavity used to couple the pump energy into the gain media and allow the transmission of the alkali lasing wavelength. These coatings will serve two purposes: protection of the transparent window (e.g. sapphire) from chemical attack by the Rb vapor at elevated temperatures with simultaneous irradiance by the pump and output beam. Furthermore, the coating will also form an AR coating substantially decreasing the reflective loss which currently occurs from all surfaces. These benefits will improve DPAL performance and extend the operating lifetime. Acree Technologies Incorporateds extensive experience in the design of coatings for harsh environments and coating capability provides a unique combination for successful completion of this important work.

MetaStable Instruments, Inc.
5988 Mid Rivers Mall Drive - Suite 236
St. Peters, MO 63304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(636) 447-9555
George Dube
MDA12-016      Awarded: 2/8/2013
Title:Laser Cleaning of Optics and Coatings for High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:Attenuated total internal reflection laser cleaning will be investigated as a solution to DPAL window contaminantion.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6800
Vivek Nagarkar
MDA12-016      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Corrosion-Resistant AR Coating of High Energy Alkali Laser Components Using Refractory Materials
Abstract:Realization of high-performance compact lasers will require the development of substrates and advancements in optical coatings that can withstand the harsh environments of corrosive gases, high temperatures, and high energy densities. Toward this end we intend to undertake the development of novel optical coatings that will simultaneously provide the necessary protection and maintain the optical performance of coated components to the desired levels. The significant expertise of Radiation Monitoring Devices (RMD) and our sibling company Evaporated Metal Films (EMF) in designing, developing, and manufacturing advanced thin films and optical coatings will be used to realize the desired technology. Specifically, the proposed multi-layer index-matching coating(s) will be designed to ensure maximum transmission and minimum reflectance at the D1 and D2 wavelengths of Rubidium. Furthermore, its chemical structure will be resistant not only to Rb vapor, but also to its oxides and hydroxides. Computer modeling of the layered structure will be performed to study its light transmission properties. During Phase I, the efficacy of our approach will be demonstrated by coating sapphire substrates used in Diode Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS). To facilitate technology transition to commercialization we have teamed with a well-known company currently developing DPALS for commercial use.

Anasphere, Inc.
106 Pronghorn Trail
Bozeman, MT 59718
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 994-9354
John A. Bognar
MDA12-017      Awarded: 1/3/2013
Title:Atmospheric Characterization for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract: Atmospheric refractive index fluctuations directly impact the propagation of laser beams through the atmosphere. A key parameter of interest to be directly acquired or derived from atmospheric measurements is the refractive index structure parameter CN2. Atmospheric refractive index, and therefore CN2, can theoretically be derived as a function of temperature, humidity, and pressure measurements, but there are significant problems associated with such an approach. To better meet the measurement needs, a suite of three sondes will be developed: a new type of thermosonde, a refractive index sonde, and a full-featured sonde that incorporates those functions plus other meteorological measurements. The former two sondes will return high-speed data that can be used to compute CN2 and the related parameter CT2, respectively. The full-featured sonde will return all of that data plus other relevant meteorological and optical parameters. Data from these sondes will be integrated with atmospheric models to enable forecasts of these parameters and to support the development of decision-making aids based on the models. In Phase I, the new thermosonde will be developed and demonstrated, the other two sondes will be designed, and suitable forecast models will be identified for use with the sonde data.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Matthew R. Whiteley
MDA12-017      Awarded: 1/3/2013
Title:Atmospheric Characterization for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract:MZA partnered with the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) propose the development of an integrated satellite-derived numerical weather prediction (NWP) modeling and optical sensor measurements technique to provide comprehensive atmospheric characterization for modeling of directed energy (DE) weapon performance. We will build on an existing technique for temperature and wind modeling using satellite atmospheric sounder data and apply advanced processing to obtain optical turbulence strength, Cn2. We will also develop path-weighted turbulence measurement techniques using existing sensors on DE aircraft platforms. These two sources of data will be brought together into a single characterization of an atmospheric volume, allowing errors in the NWP-derived turbulence strength to be compensated by the on-board optical measurements. The resulting atmospheric characterization in altitude and over a geographic region will be used with AFITs LEEDR code and MDAs SHaRE/SCALE system performance modeling codes to prototype an atmospheric decision assistance tool. The processing methods will be developed during Phase I Base period and the prototype tool software will be developed during the Phase I Option period. Dr. Matthew Whiteley will be Principal Investigator for MZA and Dr. Steve Fiorino will be the Meteorology/NWP Expert for AFIT.

Yankee Environmental Systems, Inc.
101 Industrial Blvd.
Turners Falls, MA 01376
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 863-0200
Mark C. Beaubien
MDA12-017      Awarded: 2/15/2013
Title:Atmospheric Characterization for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract:Test and evaluation of directed energy weapons requires upper air data to accurately characterize environmental conditions within the test range. We describe an expendable lightweight “Optisonde† sensor package that measures in-situ pressure, temperature, humidity, winds and optical turbulence. We leverage proven sensors from our commercial dropsonde/radiosondes and propose two new sensors to measure high resolution temperature (via a ultra fast responding fine wire thermometer) and optical scintillation (via a LED source/detector array). Particular emphasis will be placed on robust design, ensuring survivability in difficult icing conditions. For measurements at altitudes well into the stratosphere Optisonde will be compact enough to be lofted via helium balloon, released by Yankee’s Automated Radiosonde Launcher. For those applications where measurements below 65,000’ are acceptable, it will be compatible with Yankee’s Automated Dropsonde Dispenser mounted on Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicles. These dual up/down modes provide flexible ‘on demand’ deployment over ocean test ranges, where logistics become complex. Phase I will focus on the prototype sensor design and analysis, and Phase II will involve prototype field-testing and integration with numerical weather prediction and refraction/propagation models. The proposed technology will provide the test community with a reliable measurement system to support ongoing research and test programs.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jeffrey J. Breedlove
MDA12-018      Awarded: 1/9/2013
Title:Contamination-Free, Lightweight, Helium-Rubidium Vapor Circulation System
Abstract:Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS) have great potential for missile defense and other applications. These systems require a uniform, steady, flowing mixture of helium and rubidium vapor at elevated pressure and temperature. Significant challenges exist because rubidium is a very reactive material. In response, our team proposes to develop a contamination-free, all-metal, hermetic, circulation system based on gas-bearing turbomachines we have developed for space-based applications with operating temperatures up to 780C. Specific benefits include low mass, compact volume, zero maintenance, high reliability, and long life. The approach is also modular and scalable with current technology appropriate for significantly smaller and larger flow rates than currently requested by MDA. Our team is well-suited to succeed because we have a long history developing advanced thermodynamic systems for challenging aerospace applications, core technology elements are mature from prior work, we have high-level laser expertise to ensure design details are relevant for DPALS, and we have extensive experience with alkali metal reactivity and compatibility. During Phase I, we will optimize design trades, complete a preliminary design, and conduct rubidium vapor tests. We will then fabricate and test a prototype circulation system during Phase II.

Frederick T. Elder & Associates
P. O. Box 44291
Madison, WI 53744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(608) 257-6661
Frederick T. Elder
MDA12-018      Awarded: 1/2/2013
Title:Light weight Rubidium-Metal Vapor Circulating System
Abstract:Frederick T. Elder & Associates(FTEA) proposes an approach to the development of a closed-cycle Helium-Rubidium(He-Rb) circulator that allows for FTEA to ensure safety throughout the project, to manufacture a prototype at a reasonable cost using mostly commercial components if selected for Phase II, and to meet or exceed the requirements outlined in the solicitation. FTEA has considered existing Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser technologies, rubidium chemical compatibility, low-leak fittings, contamination resistant and seal-less pumps, and contacted subcontractors who have offered their experience and future assistance. By choosing a design that does not require dynamic or rotating shaft seals, FTEA will eliminate the accidental release of hazardous material and the contamination of the supplied He-Rb mixture. The selection of commercially available hardware allows FTEA to apply our past experiences with hazardous chemicals and custom test apparatus towards the requirements of the MDA while minimizing the cost and development time for the finished product.

Logos Technologies, Inc.
2701 Prosperity Ave Suite 400
Fairfax, VA 22031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 344-4339
Jason Zweiback
MDA12-018      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Light weight Rubidium-Metal Vapor Circulating System
Abstract:We are proposing a novel architecture for a rubidium-metal vapor circulating system. This system has the benefits of long lifetime, extensive use of COTS equipment, and the ability to provide clean helium gas which could be used as gas curtains to protect optical windows. The system will be designed from lightweight materials and individual subsystems will be designed as LRUs for maintainability.

Global Technology Connection, Inc.
2839 Paces Ferry Road Suite 1160
Atlanta, GA 30339
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 803-3001
Freeman Rufus
MDA12-019      Awarded: 1/4/2013
Title:Solid State High Energy Laser Batteries and Power Sources
Abstract:The next generation of technology for laser weapons, i.e. diode pumped or fiber, requires significant electrical power for driving the laser and supporting systems. There is a need for compact and lightweight power generation, storage, and conditioning for transitioning the laser technology to an airborne platform for missile defense. Global Technology Connection, Inc. (GTC) in collaboration with a Li-ion battery manufacturer for high-energy lasers, Saft America Space and Defense Division, addresses the development of a health aware, innovative, lightweight, and robust power system that is scalable from 250kW to a system capable of powering the diodes arrays of a diode pumped MW class high energy laser system. This program will leverage GTCs prognostic health monitoring tools for (Li- ion) battery systems and Saft Americas recent work on the development of Li-ion battery systems for high energy laser systems. The Phase I effort will concentrate on subscale testing of Li-ion batteries composed of 1 to 7 high power cells for 10s of seconds pulses with off time less than 1 minute. Preliminary battery health monitoring algorithms will be developed to determine remaining pulses and battery runtime along with remaining calendar time before replacing battery. The best location for embedding the battery health algorithms will also be determined. From modeling and simulation of the battery system, noisy onboard power and dynamic load representing the laser system, initial requirements and designs of the charging hardware and filtering electronics will be determined. Phase I will include the development of plans to further scale the power system design to 250kW and 1MW in Phase II. The performance of the Li-ion battery based power system will be assessed according to weight, number of pulses and robustness to providing filtered power to the laser system. Phase II will develop and refine the Phase I health aware Li-ion battery system concept and prototype for 250kW capability.

Lithiumstart LLC
107 W North St Ste A
Healdsburg, CA 95448
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 803-1178
Thomas Cook
MDA12-019      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Solid State High Energy Laser Batteries and Power Sources
Abstract:The US DoD Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is working to acquire laser based strategic Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) technologies. The laser platform will be airborne, ideally on an aircraft with long range, extended loitering time, and stealth capabilities. The system needs to scale up to 10 megawatts. Any laser solution requires a power source, and laser power sources with the required level of energy discharge have traditionally been chemical based and require jumbo jet sized aircraft which do not fit the desired mission profile. Lithium ion battery technology offers a potential lightweight, robust, and compact option which could be deployed on a much smaller UAV platform with a 5-10 thousand pound payload capacity. The technical challenges for developing a suitable battery system require innovative approaches to scale existing kilowatt class technology into the megawatt range. In Phase 1, Lithiumstart proposes to address key elements of risk by testing the technical feasibility of three key innovations. If successful, Phase 2 will focus on issues of practicality by building and demonstrating a 1 megawatt system suitable for field tests and evaluation.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Christopher M. Lang
MDA12-019      Awarded: 3/27/2013
Title:Safe, On Demand High Energy Power System
Abstract:Power systems offering higher energy and power densities are necessary to meet the demands of next generation electrical devices. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will combine together a metal anode and lithium metal oxide fiber cathode to form a power system offering enhanced energy (>260Wh/kg) and power density (>2600W/kg). During the Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the ability to charge the power source from a fully discharged, inert state to a fully charged, operational ready state in less than 2 minutes. PSI will demonstrate discharge rates of 10C and greater for the system while delivering high energy density. The low cost cathode fibers will allow for enhanced rate capability as compared to traditional materials. Construction of 100+mAh cells and the subsequent testing will demonstrate the ability to deliver the required performance. Using the generated data, a power system will be designed and the performance predicted. During the option effort, the prototype system will be constructed and used to power a laser source. Testing in a simulated high altitude environment will demonstrate the ability to operate in the target environment. Successful completion of these efforts will demonstrate the readiness of the technology for further scale- up and demonstrations in Phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Wenjian Wang
MDA12-020      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Real-time Atmospheric Vapor Image Compensation for Infrared Scenes
Abstract:To address the Missile Defense Agencys (MDAs) need for real-time correction of water vapor effects in infrared scenes, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Atmospheric Vapor Image Compensation (AVIC) software. It is based on a fast 3D sparse matrix solver implementing finite difference implicit image restoration. The innovation in fast finite difference computation for image restoration and integration of multiple commercial off-the-shelf graphical processing unit processors will enable the AVIC software to solve unsymmetric sparse linear systems in sensor images observed through space-variant, turbulent media. As a result, this software offers real-time correction of water vapor effects, efficient usage of the central processing unit and memory, incoherent light source correction, and flexible computing resource allocation, which directly address the MDA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of AVIC by developing its atmospheric effect models in all physical layers of the atmosphere, developing water vapor correction algorithms, and demonstrating the effectiveness of its models and algorithms for star calibration. In Phase II, we plan to mature the AVIC software and demonstrate its performance on models of interest to MDA. Their performance will be characterized on modern hardware, and accuracy will be assessed on realistic models.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Hoang Dothe
MDA12-020      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Water Effects Correction Software (WECS)
Abstract:Infrared (IR) target scenes can suffer from distorting effects by atmospheric species present along the atmospheric paths through which the signals are propagated, causing errors in derived target characteristics (e.g., position, velocity, angle). The main contributor to these errors is refraction of the signals by water, in its various forms (e.g., vapor, cloud, air-ice mix, etc.), along the path. Turbulence phenomena and dynamic climate conditions change the parameters (water density, temperature, pressure) that affect the refraction. It is crucially important to correct for these distorting effects in order to accurately determine the position, velocity and angle of the target object. Spectral Sciences, Inc (SSI) in collaboration with CG2, Inc., proposes to develop a software algorithm, dubbed Water Effects Correction Software (WECS), to accurately model the distorting effects of water on IR scenes and correct for the errors they cause in the interpretation of target characteristics. The software will make use of weather databases to provide accurate atmospheric conditions for realistic simulations of scenes under dynamic climate conditions. The algorithms will be designed in Phase I to be suitable for acceleration to real time on board performance. The real time capable software will be our Phase II product.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
MDA12-021      Awarded: 2/21/2013
Title:Lightweight Communication Equipment for Interceptor Communications
Abstract:Based on years of experience and multiple successful production programs in missile and interceptor antenna technologies, FIRST RF will develop and demonstrate a very low size, weight and power antenna solution that will enable long range data links beyond the capabilities of current systems. This antenna solution will support reliable and robust communication through a variety of propagation conditions. Using a combination of high efficiency apertures, innovative multifunction integration strategies, and a proven history of rapidly transitioning advanced technology to production, the FIRST RF antenna solution will produce a system solution with unprecedented performance.

MAGICOM LLC
523 Canyon View Lane
Pleasant Grove, UT 84062
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 796-9395
Michael A. Gerulat
MDA12-021      Awarded: 12/6/2012
Title:Lightweight Communication Equipment for Interceptor Communications
Abstract:In this SBIR Project MagiCom proposes several innovative concepts to develop a light weight and low power communication system to enable small kill vehicle communications in flight. The proposed Communications Concept will have the lowest possible weight impact on the KV. MagiCom proposes an Ultra-Wideband Communications System using a State of the Art Reconfigurable Multi-Band Conformal Array based on a Fractal Design, that could operate in at least five frequency bands, (from 2-20 GHz) which will provide connectivity with all existing MDA Communications Links, would cover Frequency Bands of S, C, X , Ku and K.

Scientic, Inc
555 Sparkman Drive Suite 214
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 319-0857
Bryan F. Hughes
MDA12-021      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Lightweight Communication Equipment for Interceptor Communications
Abstract:Scientic, Inc. proposes to enhance interceptor communications through the utilization of an advanced miniature software defined radio (SDR) interceptor data link. Scientic is leading the industry in this area by utilizing commercial electronics developed for mobile computing and telephony, enhancing the capabilities of interceptor communications while reducing size and cost. Scientic personnel have developed processes and techniques to miniaturize a reconfigurable computing platform which has significantly reduced size, weight, power, and cost (SWAPc) over currently fielded interceptor communication platforms. During Phase I, Scientic and its large business partner, Rockwell Collins, will develop a method in which to reduce the footprint of the RF radio component and meet the performance specs as indicated in the topic solicitation.

Analytical Services, Inc.
350 Voyager Way
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 562-2191
Joseph Sims
MDA12-022      Awarded: 2/25/2013
Title:Miniature Extendable Nozzles or actuating nozzles for improved ISP of DACS thrusters
Abstract:ASI is pleased to team with ATK to present a novel concept for enabling large nozzle area ratio increases for future solid divert and attitude control system (SDACS) valves/thrusters. The proposed effort will demonstrate feasibility of this advanced concept through a thorough design study that includes mechanical layout and packaging, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of nozzle performance and a kill vehicle performance comparison. We anticipate those analyses will show quite significant kill vehicle divert performance increase. To support that conclusion for our proposal, we completed a survey of state of the art in extendible nozzles and used the relative performance rankings we found in the literature to determine whether our solution represents a significant advance in state of the art. That comparison shows that our proposed solution enables a two- to five-fold increase in area ratio (for the same length) over a fixed bell nozzle, and a 40% to 100% increase in area ratio over state-of-the-art extendible nozzles. Weight and reliability impacts are minimal.

Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc.
1701 Military Trail Suite 110
Jupiter, FL 33458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 427-6277
Alex Pinera
MDA12-022      Awarded: 12/19/2012
Title:Miniature Actuating Guided Nozzle Mechanism
Abstract:FTT has designed, built, and tested a prototype of their Miniature Actuating Guided Nozzle Mechanism (MAGNM) for use with DACS thrusters. FTTs MAGNM is a passive nozzle extension that surrounds the DACS thruster on a guide tube. When ready to deploy the nozzle extension, inert gas or propellant pressurizes the main combustion chamber and that pressure acts on a pressure cap located on the end of the nozzle extension. The pressure on the cap creates a force that actuates the nozzle extension. Once the nozzle extension reaches the fully deployed position, a latching mechanism locks it in place and the cap blows out. FTT believes the MAGNM design is superior for a few reasons. It does not require flexible materials, which allows for composite or coated refractory metal extendable nozzles. The entire system is very simple with few parts, all of which can be easily manufactured. FTT believes it has an innovative product to address this solicitation and with the funding provided by the SBIR program will produce a very successful and reliable nozzle extension for DACS thrusters.

Systima Technologies, Inc.
1832 180th St. SE
Bothell, WA 98012
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 487-4020
Hunter Golden
MDA12-022      Awarded: 1/22/2013
Title:Durable Extendible Nozzle for Ballistic Missile Defense Advanced Solid Propellant Divert and Attitude Control Systems
Abstract:Heritage vehicles with large, axial thrust rocket motors have used extendable nozzles with great success. The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) future interceptors, including the SM-3 Block IIB, require advanced DACS to evolve the BMDS toward emerging threats. Building upon its core competencies, Systimas design approach enables the proven advantages of nozzle extension technology. Teamed with a key industry partner, the proposed design approach will develop a compact light-weight, fast activation extendible Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS) nozzle with the capability to increase ISP for future interceptor programs. Systima and its partner believe that this technology will give the capability to increase ISP, within given payload volume constraints, thereby increasing the KW Delta V capability. This increased divert velocity will greatly enhance the ability of the SM-3 BLK IIB to perform its mission when engaging complex and rapidly changing BM threat scenes.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Sanford M. Dash
MDA12-023      Awarded: 12/13/2012
Title:Powdered Propellant Rocket Motor
Abstract:The preliminary design of a DAC motor using a powdered solid propellant, injected as an aerosol into the combustion chamber in a controlled manner, is formulated in this program. The injection methodology is based on a recent design developed for injecting nano and micron sized powdered metallic fuel into a scramjet combustion chamber. A variant of this design will be constructed and tested in this program, providing key data needed for the CFD-based design studies, such as percentage of powdered propellant that can be carried by the aerosol and how this varies with particle properties. The burning characteristics of the powdered propellant, which will be dependant on the size and shape of the particles as well as its composition, will be determined by laboratory studies, yielding the burn rate data needed by the CFD for motor design. CFD studies will be performed using advanced models that have been applied to analyze a variety of particulate combustion problems. The dependence of motor performance on the key parameters (such as the injected aerosol mass flux, the size of the particles, etc.) will be established, and a preliminary DAC motor design will be formulated which meets nominal performance standards.

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
MDA12-023      Awarded: 1/7/2013
Title:Powder Rocket with Improved Mass-fraction and Agility (PRIMA)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative approach to high performance and highly controllable solid rocket propulsion for advanced Divert and Attitude Control Systems (DACS) using powdered propellants. The proposed propulsion approach is capable of delivering a high level of specific impulse performance and a very large number of on/off pulse cycles. An advanced green propellant will be demonstrated that meets insensitive munitions requirements. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
MDA12-023      Awarded: 3/18/2013
Title:All Powdered Solid Propulsion System for Throttleable Divert and Attitude Control Systems
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate a controllable solid powdered propellant rocket motor for throttleable divert and attitude control systems (TDACS) in missile interceptors. Our concept enables a controllable and throttleable thrust pulsing operation, as well as, multiple start capability comparable to bipropellant liquid propulsion systems. In Phase I, the proposed investigation will focus on experimentally characterizing critical operational parameters to ensure realistic system level design with the intention of achieving a prototype demonstration in Phase II while simultaneously maximizing performance of future TDACS capability.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6823
David Wolf
MDA12-024      Awarded: 2/27/2013
Title:Waste Heat Recovery of Rocket Motors for Reduction of Battery Weight
Abstract:This proposal describes a program by Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) that will develop a missile engine waste heat recovery system for recharging the batteries of a missile. The proposed system will use heat pipes to transfer the waste energy from the insulation around a missile engine. The heat pipes will be covered with thermoelectrics at their condenser end where the waste energy will be converted to electric power for charging the missile batteries. Bonded to the thermoelectrics will be a phase change material which will dissipate any additional waste energy not converted to electric power. This system will be efficient in design with no moving parts and when fully optimized have a mass less than the 5 kg weight specification in the solicitation.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0525
Simon G. Stone
MDA12-024      Awarded: 2/7/2013
Title:Lightweight Hydrogen/Oxygen Thermal Generators for Fuel Cell Power
Abstract:An enhancement opportunity exists in the current systems where weight reduction may be achieved by utilizing rocket thermal energy to provide recharge power to onboard batteries. In this proposal, Giner, Inc. and Purdue University describe an approach for a thermal power generation system that exploits the rocket waste heat to provide reactant gases from solid storage to an efficient, power-dense fuel cell. Excess heat from the ABM third stage rocket motor will be routed to solid precursor storage modules through the insulation matrix. At elevated temperature the precursors will efficiently and rapidly release hydrogen and oxygen gases to the a cell. The system is anticipated to produce >300W and weigh less than 2 kg.

Luminit, LLC
1850 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1066
Xiaowei Xia
MDA12-024      Awarded: 1/18/2013
Title:Performance Optimized Thermoelectric Generation System
Abstract:To address the MDA need for developing innovative methods for efficient conversion of waste heat in the third stage of a solid rocket motor to electrical power, Luminit, LLC proposes to develop a new innovative Performance Optimized Thermoelectric Generator (POTEG) system. This proposed technology is based on an integrated system of highly efficient nanostructured flexible thermoelectric generators and thermal switches. The POTEG system will be lightweight (<5kg) and capable of supplying >300W of electricity to the power management system while removing heat from the insulation for at least 5 minutes and converting it to electricity. 4-10 kg of battery weight in the overall missile will be reduced by converting from thermal batteries to rechargeable batteries with this POTEG heat recovery system. In Phase I, Luminit will demonstrate the feasibility of POTEG by developing and testing a conceptual prototype of POTEG for waste heat recovery. In Phase II, Luminit plans to further refine the system design and build an integrated scalable engineering prototype capable of operating in a micro-gravity environment and survive the high-g environment of launch (40 g peak to peak at frequencies under 150 Hz).

HARPER LABORATORIES, LLC
2603 Fanelle Circle
Huntsville, AL 35801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 508-8833
Kevin Andrew Brenner
MDA12-025      Awarded: 3/12/2013
Title:Affordable Reinforced Polymer Composite Structures with Embedded Graphene Electrical Interfaces
Abstract:The Ballistic Missile Defense Review (BMDR) identifies the necessity of more capable missiles systems as a part of the land-based Aegis Ashore Early Intercept (EI) for deployment in 2020. Modern missile systems are constrained by significant weight, volume, and reliability overheads associated with electrical cabling. The embedding of electrical interfaces within the Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) airframe will provide a route towards reduced weight and more reliable systems. Harper Labs, LLC, in collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technologys Nanotechnology Research Center will deliver a lightweight graphene-based conductor capable of supporting the increasing complexity and demands on future missile systems, i.e. the SM3 IIB. In the Phase I project, Harper will deliver a superior conductor for embedding into a cylindrical CFRP with a TRL/MRL 4. In Phase II, power/signal-carrying capabilities will be demonstrated in an airframe with a TRL 6/ MRL 7. Technology insertion at the end of Phase I will occur via identified prime partners targeting the SM3-IIB for eventual transition for Phase II and beyond.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8360
KAREN CHIU
MDA12-025      Awarded: 1/4/2013
Title:Embedded Power and Signal Interconnects for Composites (EPIC)
Abstract:The overall objective of this Phase I effort is to demonstrate structural integration of key and critical electrically conductive components, and assess their performance including strain and fatigue capabilities by developing and evaluating multiple concepts. To this end, NextGen will investigate multiple technologies and concepts which will lead to structurally integrated power buses, cables and wiring in a CFRP composite representative of missile structures. NextGen will down-select to a single concept by conducting structural and electrical testing and fabricate a proof-of-concept cylindrical composite article with embedded conductors and first-generation ingress-egress interconnects including intermediate wiring branches. At the end of Phase I, NextGen expects to achieve a TRL = 3-4. Guided by the Phase I design and test results, a potential Phase II effort will further mature the technology by performing a comprehensive set of laboratory and operational tests to achieve a TRL = 6-7. NextGen will also address cost, weight, ease-of-fabrication and reliability issues to facilitate near-term technology transfer.

Taylor & Lego Holdings, LLC / Rapid Composites
34655 State Road 70 E.
Myakka City, FL 34251
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(941) 322-6647
Alan Taylor
MDA12-025      Awarded: 3/6/2013
Title:Affordable Reinforced Polymer Composite Structures with embedded electrical interfaces
Abstract:This proposal details inventive ways for developing affordable reinforced polymer structures with embedded electrical interfaces. Recent developments in the use of advanced composites for rapidly fabricating cylindrical missile shells have shown that it is possible to incorporate complex circuitry into the missile skins. Illustrations are provided that demonstrate significant increases in the strength of a missile section by adding power rails, specifically designed to enhance the bend and fracture toughness of the missile shell while providing high current carrying capability. The technology described herein paves the way for producing missile sections that can be attached together in any configuration to construct a uniquely customized system for meeting changing warfighter requirements. The authors of this proposal have designed, developed and demonstrated several new and unique manufacturing methods using thermoplastics that allow pre-consolidated and pre-impregnated materials to be heated within a mold and hot stamped in less than 30 seconds to the final net shape of complex parts. This is presently the fastest continuous fiber molding process in the world. This process can be used to fabricate missile sections and components with embedded electrical traces in a fraction of the time currently required for thermoset materials and with significant cost savings.

Applied DNA Sciences, Inc.
25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 213
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 444-6370
James A. Hayward
MDA12-026      Awarded: 4/1/2013
Title:Marking of Components for Avoidance of Counterfeit Parts
Abstract:Biological systems rely upon DNA for identity, indeed, for every aspect of innate function. We utilized botanical genomes as primary DNA source and engineered unique biological markers of SC originality, verifiable anywhere in the supply chain. Formulation stabilizes the marks against the challenges of SC manufacturing and the physicochemical environs that SCs experience. The sensitivity of DNA detection requires infinitesimal quantities of DNA to adequately mark SCs; there is no impact upon manufacturing. There are no limits to the number of unique markers that can be designed, or the quantity of DNA manufactured. Association of the DNA mark with reporter groups allows for rapid screening to detect the presence of DNA markers. When suspicions are elevated, forensic DNA analysis from a simple SC swab can prove originality beyond all doubt. Preliminary results from Red Team Challenges support our claim that these marks cannot be copied. This study extends our observations obtained while embedding DNA in the epoxyacrylate inks used to mark SC. We will develop a library of >10,000 marks, extending these marks into new ink formulations and commercial methods of marking in large scale. We will extend our early work on non-ink embedment methods. Stability challenges will be extended.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Robert Purnell
MDA12-026      Awarded: 2/14/2013
Title:Marking of Components for Avoidance of Counterfeit Parts
Abstract:Counterfeit parts, by definition are substandard, which compromises long life-cycle systems overseen by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA). Recent investigations by the Senate Armed Services Committee uncovered 1800 cases of suspected counterfeit electronic parts, with the total number of counterfeit parts exceeding 1,000,000. Putative solutions to the counterfeit electronics problem include both inspection technologies and authentication solutions, but these stop short of providing 100% assurance of authenticity, and often require extensive operator expertise and training. Authentication solutions which involve application of a taggant material and enrollment into secure database are available, with 13 different tags on the market. However, no secure tagging solution has been widely adopted in the electronics industry. This is attributed primarily to lack of flexibility for different microelectronic product types and processes, and a lack of consensus from end users on authentication solutions,. Furthermore, none of the existing authentication solutions are capable of identifying used products fraudulently represented as new. To address this need, the Quantitative Optical Tracking system performs rapid, inexpensive, nondestructive two factor authentication based on two identifying markers: 1) intrinsic micron-scale optical surface characteristics of electronic components, and 2) an applied taggant pattern which is permanent, cost-effective, and suitable for DoD production hardware.

Correlated Magnetics Research
125 Peter Lane
New Hope, AL 35760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 689-6062
R. Scott Evans
MDA12-026      Awarded: 3/29/2013
Title:Magnetically Oriented Structural Color Marking for Avoidance of Counterfeit Electronic Parts
Abstract:Electronic component counterfeiting is a serious problem for the DOD and for electronics companies more generally. Currently available authentication techniques offer partial solutions to the problem and cannot be broadly deployed across the complex DOD supply chain. A new platform technology is needed that can inexpensively deliver secure authentication, rapid and automated screening throughout the supply chain and ultimately facilitate the elimination of purchases containing components from unknown electronics suppliers. This proposal introduces exactly that type of solution. It features inexpensive base materials, multi-spectral optical scanning (that can happen at component and board level) and a massive, easily changed information content that can be exploited for many types of extremely asymmetrical authentication processes. It is based on the novel, early stage technologies of two small companies. Correlated Magnetics Research can program magnets to emit desired, complex fields. The COLR Technology, being commercialized by Idea Zoo, is based on engineered magnetically active nanoparticles that form structured, micro-scale lattices that create color by diffracting and scattering different wavelengths of light. Combined, these technology provide a high information content, un-copyable technology that can be scanned using inexpensive cameras.

GMATEK, Inc.
3 Church Circle Suite 266
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 306-3387
R. Glenn Wright
MDA12-026      Awarded: 2/12/2013
Title:Counterfeit Semiconductor Detection using Electromagnetic Emission Anomaly Analysis
Abstract:This project involves research and development of an instrument capable of rapidly distinguishing between counterfeit and authentic semiconductor components. A side benefit is that it can also identify failed semiconductors. Non-contact measurement techniques are used to acquire electromagnetic field emissions generated by all electronic components that are powered-up and stimulated. Counterfeit semiconductors can be detected due to counterfeiting methods and processes that result in measurable differences in internal electronic signals, crosstalk characteristics and electromagnetic field emissions as compared to authentic semiconductors. Testing merely requires the operator to install the suspect component in a socket, select the appropriate part number, and initiate the test. Test results, available in seconds, indicate either authentic, counterfeit or failed within a given range of probability as electromagnetic fields emitted by the suspect component are measured, analyzed, and compared against the electromagnetic emission model of the authentic semiconductor. Hundreds of components could be tested each hour if necessary.

Nokomis, Inc
310 5th St.
Charleroi, PA 15022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 866-0936
Bogdan Pathak
MDA12-026      Awarded: 1/10/2013
Title:Individualized Reradiating RF Tag with Unique DNA and Integrated Antenna for Enhanced Anti-Counterfeit Markings
Abstract:This proposal seeks to develop a unique tag that will re-emit an individualized signature when in the presence of a low level RF field to definitively determine the lineage of a marked part. The signature detection apparatus will leverage Nokomis Advanced Detection of Electronic Counterfeits (ADEC) technology to allow for detection of extremely faint re- radiation. The individualized reradiating RF tags that will be developed under this effort will be made using a combination of customized integrated print-on antennas and unique DNA- encoded electrical components. The sensitivity of the DNA-based RF tags to changes in physical structure will provide at least 10,000 unique markings (the actual number will likely be in the millions). The antennas will compound that level of uniqueness at least a thousand- fold using different combinations of printed elements. In addition, Nokomis will demonstrate marker persistence after physical handling and temperature excursions, marker destruction after surface modification by sanding and blacktop recoat, sandblasting, and mechanical lapping, and detection of inherent electromagnetic signals from part circuitry.

Physical Optics Corporation
Information Technologies Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
MDA12-026      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:Optical Marking and Identification of Electronic Components with Phase-Encoded Structures
Abstract:To address the MDA need for marking/coating technology to guarantee authenticity of critical electronic components, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new technology for Optical Marking and IDentification of Electronic Components (OMIDEC) with phase-encoded structures. This proposed technology is based on parallel optical correlation between the reference and test phase-encoded structures bonded to integrated circuit (IC) electronic chips. The innovation in the novel use of a special nonreplicable phase-only volume structure (or mark) that functions as the OMIDEC key, and use of a novel optoelectronic verification system, will enable the MDA electronic system assembly personnel to safely select and use only good, noncounterfeit components. As a result, this OMIDEC technology offers both a procedure for fabrication and bonding secure marks on electronic components and an optical device for fast authentication of a single or multiple ICs, which directly address the MDA and NDAA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of OMIDEC technology by fabricating sample PE marks and testing them in laboratory experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to advance the Phase I prototype in terms of its applicability in an industrial environment, to begin at low-rate initial production level.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8274
Peter Seem
MDA12-026      Awarded: 3/27/2013
Title:Taggant-Free Secure Component Identification
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an innovative approach to detect counterfeit and remarked electronic components. The proposed solution would provide a covert, non- destructive, non-contact method for measuring and encoding information about the unique surface microstructure of each component into a Virtual Mark, read at the time of manufacture. The mark requires no consumables, no changes to the materials currently used in component manufacture and packaging, and no secret formulations or codes vulnerable to loss or theft. Through the development of a numerical model and laboratory measurements in Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the feasibility of capturing the mark, the uniqueness and repeatability of the mark, and show that it is robust against normal handling and exposure to solvents but will reject components after surface abrasion and remarking. A Phase II effort will produce a TRL 5 device able to operate at production volumes, speeds and tolerances, and which will recognize one unit out of 1,000,000 with a confidence of 99.98%.

DRS Research
1917 W. 234th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-4002
Rashmi Dixit
MDA12-027      Awarded: 12/22/2012
Title:Novel Thermal Barrier Coating for Nozzle Exit Cone Insulators
Abstract:High performance solid and liquid propulsion systems are subject to severe operating conditions and are required to perform at appreciably higher use-temperatures. Rocket nozzles must withstand an extremely rapid temperature increase in a highly corrosive atmosphere while maintaining a high degree of integrity. Current nozzles are often made from a variety of metal alloys, carbon-carbon or carbon phenolic composites, which are able to withstand high temperature and pressure environments. However, the phenolic nozzle exit cones typically experience extreme heat during operation and lead to premature failure of the bond line joints and housing components during firing and heat soak. This effect is more pronounced in the dual pulse rocket motors where additional heat soak is experienced due to presence of Inter Pulse Delay (IPD). The additional delay results into extra heat soak there by possible damaging the housing components such as flex bearing. In order to address these aspects, in this phase I proposal we intend to develop novel high temperature thermal barrier coatings using integrated metal bond layer and thermal barrier ceramic top layer technology on Carbon Cloth Phenolic base material.

Mentis Sciences, Inc.
150 Dow Street Tower Two
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 577-6362
Patrick McDermott
MDA12-027      Awarded: 1/28/2013
Title:Thermal Isolation of Nozzle Exit Cone Insulators
Abstract:To address the issue of heat transfer from the rocket motor nozzle exit cone into the metal support housing MSI proposes to apply a well-developed, highly insulating interlayer material, quartz polysiloxane Qz/Ps, between the exit cone surface and the metal substructure surface to maintain that surface below 150 degrees F. MSI has tested this material for fabrication of a number of high performance radomes and nosecones for USG customers where surface temperatures exceed the >1500F requirement in the solicitation. The material can incorporate glass micro balloons to significantly decrease weigh and thermal conductivity and can be braided onto to an existing exit cone outer diameter shapes using well-developed manufacturing procedures. A thermal model of the heat transfer will be developed during Phase I to guide the composition of the Qz/Ps insulating interface material as regards thickness, density, micro balloons content and distribution, and thermal conductivity. Proof of principal experiments will be conducted to validate the strength of the material, as well as thermal conductivity and other measurements.

Plasma Processes, LLC
4914 Moores Mill Road
Huntsville, AL 35811
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 851-7653
Daniel Butts
MDA12-027      Awarded: 12/11/2012
Title:Thermal Isolation of Solid Rocket Motor Exit Cone and Nozzle
Abstract:Current strategic solid rockets motors, such as the SM-3 third stage rocket motor (TSRM), employ highly aluminized propellants with gas temperatures of approximately 6,500F. Carbon-carbon nozzle throats and carbon cloth phenolic (CCP) exit cones are commonly used to manage the propellant exhaust. However, heat transfer from these components to the nozzle housing and exit cone bond-line joint currently limit mission profiles. This limitation is exacerbated in dual pulse motors with additional heat soak between pulses. To address this issue, a thermal barrier on the exterior exit cone and nozzle is proposed. This solution enables greater mission range and flexibility by minimizing heat transfer to the exit cone bond-line and adjacent bearing components. For dual-pulse motors, limiting the thermal soak will extend mission flexibility by allowing for a longer inter-pulse delay. During a Phase I effort, the team of Plasma Processes, Dynetics, ATK, and Aerojet will investigate the development and application of thermal barriers on CCP exit cones. Heat transfer analyses will be conducted to define effective structure and locations and estimate performance improvement. Following thermal analyses, a series of manufacturing demonstrations will be performed. Simulated TSRM nozzle sections with thermal barriers will be evaluated via high heat flux testing.