---------- ARMY ----------

30 Phase I Selections from the 12.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Patrick J. Magari
A123-104      Awarded: 2/15/2013
Title:High-Temperature Hybrid Foil Bearing for Unmanned Aerial System Gas Turbines
Abstract:Small unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are a critical element in current military operations, and their use will increase substantially in the future. The propulsion system is a key design constraint in any UAS, and current small gas turbines for these vehicles are limited by the conventional oil-lubricated rolling element bearings used to suspend their high-speed rotating assemblies. Foil bearings offer a potentially attractive alternative, but despite their very successful commercial application to aircraft air cycle machines, they have not been widely used in gas turbine systems due to limitations with high-temperature operation, cost, and a variety of other issues. The objective of the proposed project is to develop a new hybrid foil bearing concept that has the potential to address the key issues inhibiting broad application of foil bearings to small gas turbines. In Phase I, we will work with a small turbine engine manufacturer to define the ideal requirements for such a bearing, develop a design, fabricate a prototype, and test it in an existing room-temperature test rig. In Phase II, we will further develop the novel foil bearing concept, develop a high-temperature test rig, and retrofit a hybrid foil journal bearing to an existing small gas turbine.

Mechanical Solutions, Inc.
11 Apollo Drive
Whippany, NJ 07981
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 320-8552
Peter Chapman
A123-104      Awarded: 1/25/2013
Title:Foil-Air Bearings for Small Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:As new applications arise for small gas turbine engines, the need to advance engine component technologies becomes essential, since they are required to run faster, hotter, and longer. Particularly critical in this regard are the shaft bearings. Since they operate without lubricant, air foil bearings have been identified as viable replacements to conventional liquid lubricated bearings. An advanced air foil bearing can be the enabling technology needed to improve engine efficiency and decrease weight by reducing bearing power loss and eliminating the lubrication system. Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) proposes a focused combination of rigorous scientific analysis and testing to assess an innovative oil/grease- free bearing system that combines the best features of current air foil bearing technology with specific design enhancements that provide increased load capacity and tolerance to service conditions such as shock and misalignment. The result of our work will be a commercially available, non-contact bearing system capable of supporting the radial and thrust loads within the operating environment typical for a 200 hp class gas turbine engine. MSI will analyze, design, build and test advanced foil bearing designs in Phase I.

Applied Radar, Inc.
315 Commerce Park Road
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
Steve Cheung
A123-105      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:Instrument for Measuring Millimeter-Wave Polarimetric Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function
Abstract:The proposal will perform study and design of a gonioreflectometer or equivalent instrument that can measure Polarimetric Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (PBRDF) in the millimeter wave (mmW) spectrum using heterodyne transmit/receive (Tx/Rx) radar technology. The instrument will be used to coherently measure amplitude and phase information and construct a BRDF with user-specified angular precision in Ka-band (~35 GHz), V-band (~60 GHz), W-band (~90 GHz), D-band (~140 GHz) and G-band (~220 GHz). The proposal will first analyze and simulated RF performance of the proposed design concepts through high-level system design and performance optimization to maximize signal to noise ratio and minimize dwell time at each angle scan; and then identify approaches with reducing risk toward selecting the design concept. A detailed construction plan together with performance specification for the proposed design will be developed based on (i) availability of commercial COTS component and hardware, (ii) optimization results from Phase I, and (iii) measurement repeatability. The proposed efforts are to demonstrate the feasibility of this mmW concept for PBRDF characterization. The construction plan will be used to build a demonstrator in Phase II.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr. Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 434-2779
Frank Muennemann
A123-105      Awarded: 1/23/2013
Title:Instrument for Measuring Millimeter-Wave Polarimetric Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function
Abstract:This proposal develops a new instrument to fully characterize radio-wave interactions in all angles and polarizations at frequencies between 40 and 220 GHz. The instrument's deployment to Department of Defense (DOD) test facilities and to civilian research facilities will accelerate understanding of how target objects interact over extended frequency bands, and will in turn enable radar and communication system development in these bands. Antenna motion is achieved by a combination of tilt and position control, with a path-calibrating feature to achieve the required sub-millimeter accuracy in the propagation direction. Using existing RF modules designed for vector network analyzer (VNA) frequency extension, coupled with an SA Photonics baseband RF system adapted from our fiber-optic gyroscope (FOG) products will support the wide range of frequencies of interest to military and commercial customers. Modular software controls positioning, RF frequency and noise managment, calibration, measurement interpolation, coordinate transformation and presentation. The result is a fully automated, script-able system capable of acquiring data for weeks at a time with continual calibration and no user intervention.

EWA Government Systems, Inc.
13873 Park Center Road Suite 500
Herndon, VA 20171
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(802) 777-8558
Daniel Holt-Gosselin
A123-106      Awarded: 6/12/2013
Title:Bio-Inspired Semiconductor Technology
Abstract:EWA Government Systems Inc. (EWA GSI) along with University at Albany College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) and the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), proposes to develop a low-power neuromorphic parallel processor (NPP). The Phase I technical objectives are: (1) design for one or more neuromorphic architecture(s) that will support the required NPP functionality, (2) develop the critical neuromorphic building blocks required for the proposed NPP architecture, (3) perform system design analysis to evaluate various building block and architecture configurations with a focus on implementation in the next generation hybrid CMOS semiconductor fabrication technology, and, (4) Draft the requirements specification that documents the NPP architecture, critical building blocks, functional requirements and performance characteristics. This Phase I effort will establish the preliminary NPP system design. In Phase II, we will implement the design and fabricate a tangible prototype NPP chipset, at the CNSE facilities. This SBIR initiative will lead to the development of innovative silicon-based NPP chipset designs that can transition to production.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Vladimir Esterkin
A123-106      Awarded: 7/9/2013
Title:Memristor-based Brain-like Morphware Processing Technology
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a high-performance, low power bio-inspired parallel processor, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new highly reconfigurable Memristor-based Brain-like Morphware Processing (BRAINWARE) technology for implementation in upcoming military cognitive processing system and communication platforms. Based on solid-state memristors, mixed-signal silicon neurons and low-power clockless system architecture, the proposed technology offers an entirely new way of implementing high-performance massively parallel high-speed processing capability, crucial to replace today’s high power supercomputing systems. These bio-inspired innovations in BRAINWARE architecture coupled with clockless (asynchronous) system design enable extremely low power field-reconfigurable signal/image processing and control technology. In addition, the BRAINWARE-based processors offer unprecedented capabilities: immediate sleep and wake-up function, low noise and electromagnetic emission and high resistance to hardware attack. In Phase I, POC will define the specifications, develop architecture of the BRAINWARE-based generic neuromorphic processing elements with dual analog/digital capabilities and dynamically reconfigurable synapses, and demonstrate BRAINWARE technology feasibility. We expect that at the end of Phase II, a BRAINWARE technology system prototype with processing power equivalent to fifty million neurons and occupies less than fifteen cubic centimeters will reach technology readiness level (TRL) 5 and will be ready for initial testing for Army use.

Photon Systems
1512 Industrial Park St.
Covina, CA 91722
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 967-6431
William F. Hug
A123-107      Awarded: 4/10/2013
Title:Real-time label-free detection of suspicious powders using non-contact optical methods
Abstract:In situ assessment of suspicious powders within inorganic matrices, with particular emphasis on powders of biological origin, is currently limited to detection by biochemical methodologies that react with monomers such amino acids, nucleic acids, lipids or macromolecule compounds comprised of these basic subunits. These current methods include immunoassays or PCR, both of which require expensive equipment and reagents with limited shelf life and restrictive environmental conditions for storage and use. Current optical methods such as Raman spectroscopy using excitation in the near IR at 785 nm or visible at 532 nm, have not been able to detect or distinguish biological materials. Until recently, these have been the only classes of handheld instrumentation available to address the problem of identifying suspicious powders in near real-time and in situ at the site of an incident. We propose to develop and demonstrate an emerging handheld technology that employs a fusion of deep UV excited Raman and fluorescence spectroscopic methods that enable non- contact, real-time, detection and classification of trace amounts of biological material: without the need for reagents, labels or other consumables; without contact with or disturbing the suspicious powder and subsequent need for decontamination of instrumentation or spread of the powder.

Lenterra, Inc.
7 Tenney Road
West Orange, NJ 07052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 623-0755
Vadim Stepaniuk
A123-108      Awarded: 4/10/2013
Title:BROAD RANGE RADIATION DETECTOR BASED ON SPECTRUM SHIFTS OF OPTO-MECHANICAL MICROCAVITY
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal is aimed at the development of the ultra-sensitive detector for the far infrared (FIR) and terahertz (THz) bands of electromagnetic radiation. The device is inherently optical, operates at room temperature and of submillimeter size. The proposed technology is based on coupling the radiation to be measured to the mechanical degree of freedom of an optical microcavity and using the optical degree of freedom to get the information about the radiation field out. That is, the mechanical response of the microcavity to the incident radiation drives changes in its optical mode field. These changes manifest themselves as frequency shifts of the cavity optical resonances commonly known as Whispering Gallery Modes (WGM) which are measured using a tunable diode laser and a photoreceiver. In the Phase I research, measurements of FIR-THz radiation will be accomplished using microspherical and microtoroidal resonators, and the sensor operational model will be developed. Utilization of radiation pressure backaction cooling of the cavity to reduce local temperature and further increase sensitivity of detection is envisioned for the continuing research. Our goal is to demonstrate robust, field capable, ultra high sensitivity miniature FIR-THz detectors operating in room temperature environment.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Paul Wilkinson
A123-108      Awarded: 4/10/2013
Title:Terehertz-Infrared Microsphere Bolometer
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an ultra-sensitive, room-temperature, long-wavelength radiation detector, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Terahertz-Infrared Microsphere Bolometer (TIMBol). This proposed device is based on thermally induced wavelength shifts of whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonances in high quality factor microspheres. The innovation in thermal and optical isolation, WGM interrogation, and optical cooling will enable the device to achieve ultra-sensitive THz and IR detection. As a result, the new device offers a noise equivalent power (NEP) of better than 10^-13 W without cooling, and will be further optimized with the potential to exceed liquid helium cooled bolometers. These specifications directly address the Army’s requirements to eliminate increasingly expensive consumables such as liquid helium. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of its TIMBol technology by illuminating the detector with a THz source and reducing the incident THz power using high optical density (OD) fused silica filters to the lowest detectable light level. In Phase II, POC plans to develop single channel and array prototypes.

Flashback Technologies Inc.
7490 Clubhouse Rd. Suite 100
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 204-2575
Greg Grudic
A123-109      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:A Real-Time, Non-Invasive Monitoring System to Guide Accurate Fluid Resuscitation of Combat Casualties During Pre-Hospital and Transport Medical Care
Abstract:The proposed Phase I work will deliver a noninvasive, small, portable functional pulse oximeter based finger prototype device capable of heartbeat-to-heartbeat estimation of: 1) closeness to hemodynamic decompensation of injured warfighters for the purpose of triage; 2) effectiveness of fluid resuscitation in a bleeding or a potentially bleeding patient; and, 3) fluid volume required by a bleeding patient to prevent over or under resuscitation. In addition, the device will be capable of transmitting this information wirelessly to a tablet, laptop and/or workstation. This project will also investigate the application of pulse oximeter type sensors to other areas of the body including but not limited to the forearm area, to determine optimal placement for effective and robust portable resuscitation monitoring. This work effort will utilize simulated bleeding and resuscitation data gathered at the USAISR as well as data gathered in related human hemorrhage studies involving a liter or less of blood loss, all of which are being conducted under existing Flashback projects that are synergistic to this proposed effort. The deliverables of this 6 month project will include the working resuscitation monitoring device, as well as a rigorous statistical analysis of its effectiveness based on existing data.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Priya Ganapathy
A123-109      Awarded: 4/25/2013
Title:A-WEAR: An automated non-invasive hemorrhage and resuscitation monitoring system
Abstract:UtopiaCompression and MC10 put forth a novel solution for continuous monitoring of hemorrhage in the battlefield to improve survivability while reducing cost to the military. We propose advances in both physiological diagnostic intelligence and associated physiological sensors systems for a complete solution. Named A-WEAR the system will consist of conformal and flexible physiological sensors (developed by MC10) communicating wirelessly to an embedded platform hosting diagnostic intelligence (built by UtopiaCompression), connected to medic device for simultaneous monitoring of multiple casualties. The system will provide alerts in advance for the emergent need of intervention and when administered the system will track intervention impact to provide actionable feedback to the medic during pre-hospital and transport medical care. The diagnostics will also accommodate for differences among individuals and function without prior medical information. It will maintain data continuity for downstream caregivers as casualties are transported through echelons of care. The system will be built with an open, modular architecture to enable constant evolution by modification and addition of sensors and diagnostic intelligence. These will translate into cost-of-ownership savings for TCCC response, lower battlefield KIA rates from potentially survivable causes, higher unit readiness levels and lower lifetime medical costs for combat wounded.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Chris Cechak
A123-110      Awarded: 4/10/2013
Title:Local Active Noise Reduction for MEDEVAC and CASEVAC
Abstract:Signal Systems Corporation (SSC) proposes developing its MEDEVAC Active Noise Cancellation Acoustic Pillow (MANCAP) featuring active noise cancellation (ANC) and passive noise reduction measures to create a quiet zone around injured personnel’s ears during evacuations in and around noisy military vehicles. The MANCAP concept allows access to the patient’s face for respirators and medical treatment while installed on any standard NATO litter. The MANCAP will reduce the local noise level of the patient to less than 80 dBA in a military helicopter by leveraging our ANC algorithms, real time software, hardware and headrest technology previously developed under commercial and DoD sponsorship, including Army, Navy and Special Forces efforts.

SMD Corporation
1100 Exploration Way Suite 302S
Hampton, VA 23666
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 448-0744
Curtis Mitchell
A123-110      Awarded: 4/8/2013
Title:Active Quiet Pillow
Abstract:In this project we propose to develop, test and demonstrate the potential of an Active Quiet Pillow for reducing interior noise in helicopter medical evacuation scenarios using numerical simulation and experimental testing. The potential of the Pillow design is expected to reduce the interior noise of a Blackhawk MEDEVAC helicopter from 106dB pink noise incident sound down to 90dBA at the patient’s ear. The innovation is based on a strategic combination of active and passive treatment elements in a pillow arrangement located under the patient’s head. In Phase I, numerical finite element models of the Active Quiet Pillow in a helicopter cabin interior will be developed including a modeled active noise system and passive noise treatment. The analysis will incorporate acoustic lining modeled by a surface impedance and the active speakers as baffled pistons embedded in the quiet pillow structure. The effect of the acoustic pillow liner on reducing the mid and high frequencies at the patient’s ears will be studied. Experimental verification of the noise reduction active cancellation will also be demonstrated in laboratory testing. The results will then be used to identify the key elements required for airworthiness testing for use in US Army MEDEVAC and CASEVAC operations.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Douglas Limbaugh
A123-111      Awarded: 4/1/2013
Title:HCI and C2 for Autonomous Air Evacuation of Casualties
Abstract:For this effort Kutta leverages its experience with multiple unmanned Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) resupply programs and Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) to create a new autonomous system for critical item resupply and casualty evacuation (CASEVAC). Kutta proposes to research multiple Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), and down-select to the optimal platform to deliver the best possible solution to meet the objectives of SBIR # A12- 111. Simultaneously, Kutta performs a thorough cognitive task analysis (CTA) using both MEDEVAC and CASEVAC pilots as participants in its human factors study. Based on the CTA Kutta develops the technology selected by users for users for the unmanned resupply CASEVAC and medical resupply mission. Our team also architects the resulting software using the latest in service oriented architecture techniques so that the technology can be easily migrated to different UAS platforms. This UAS-agnostic approach allows the U.S. Army to expand the technology without having the data and source code “stove-piped” to specific air vehicle platforms. With expertise in UAS mission planning, unmanned resupply vehicles, and Ground Control Station (GCS) management, the Kutta team is uniquely positioned to design, develop, and commercialize an autonomous VTOL system capable of delivering critical supplies and conducting CASEVAC missions.

Neya Systems, LLC
12330 Perry Hwy Suite 220
Wexford, PA 15090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 799-8078
Parag Batavia
A123-111      Awarded: 4/15/2013
Title:HCI and C2 for Autonomous Air Evacuation of Casualties
Abstract:Fixed wing UAVs such as the Predator™, Global Hawk™, and Shadow™ have become invaluable C4ISR and force projection assets. They have acted as force multiplers, have reduced risk to human personnel, and have enabled new tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs). Use of Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) unmanned craft is growing as well, including large platforms such as the Blackhawk and K-Max, and smaller C4ISR platforms such as FireScout and A-160. While each DoD Service and nearly all the major DoD Primes have fielded fixed wing systems, the set of fielded unmanned VTOL craft is currently limited to the K-Max and FireScout. The growing planned use of unmanned VTOL aircraft such as the K-Max provides an opportunity to expand the scope of unmanned air missions, but also requires new methods for Human-Computer Interfaces (HCI) and Command and Control (C2). To address this requirement, Neya Systems, LLC proposes to develop VERTI: A VTOL Evacuation and Resupply Tactical Interface. VERTI will leverage Neya’s expertise in developing intuitive, easy to use mission specification and management systems.

KCF Technologies, Inc
336 South Fraser Street
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-4097
Michael Grissom
A123-112      Awarded: 5/22/2013
Title:A New Generation of Actuators for Robotic Systems
Abstract:KCF in partnership with Penn State will evaluate and demonstrate a new generation of intrinsically safe robotic actuators built up from micro-actuator module units. The technical approach is based on state-of-the art prosthetic development where the human-mechanism interface is the primary focus. Two competing force delivery technologies will be prototyped and evaluated in the Phase I project, electroactive polymer actuation units and magneto- rheological fluid micro-hydraulic valves with flexible matrix composite actuation units.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 500
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Daniel Theobald
A123-112      Awarded: 4/15/2013
Title:A New Generation of Actuators for Robotic Systems
Abstract:Actuators are the primary limiting factor that relegates robots to controlled industrial and military environments and keeps them from becoming the truly useful tools that we hope they will become. Current actuators must be massive in order to provide sufficient strength for real work, requiring that these robots are equally massive, inflexible, and ultimately too dangerous to work alongside humans in industry or manipulate them in clinical/healthcare environments. Vecna Technologies has developed a wholly new and disruptive approach to actuator design that incorporates natural and adaptive compliance, variable force output control, extremely high efficiency, and most of of, highly energy-dense in a simple, low-cost, small, flexible actuator that is simple to manufacture and requires no exotic materials. In this Phase I project, Vecna will develop designs for the control software that will harness the adaptive compliance and variable force output properties of the actuator with human-safe manipulation in mind.

Paragon Space Development Corporation
3481 E. Michigan Street
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 981-2911
Chad Bower
A123-113      Awarded: 4/4/2013
Title:Phase-change Urgent Living Specimen Enclosure (PULSE)
Abstract:Paragon’s proposed PULSE technology builds upon existing vacuum insulated panel (VIP), vacuum dewar, phase change, and chemical heating and cooling technologies to provide a more robust transportation container with the potential for extended life and operability over existing systems. PULSE will utilize innovative new techniques to manufacture continuous, three-dimensional vacuum insulated containers, including cylinders, with robust walls, without resorting to pinches or other methodologies that increase heat conduction. Furthermore these new geometries will significantly reduce edge effects leading to higher overall performance. The PULSE innovative insulated containers will also provide obvious and immediate feedback if they are compromised. Paragon will apply our thermal expertise to address the issue of more robust PCM materials and containers to address life limitations and unreliability being experienced by the DoD. Paragon will also create highly adaptable thermal control systems that require no power and allows a set-point temperature to be maintained without any container preconditioning or prior knowledge of the operational environment. Through these advancements, Paragon’s PULSE system will provide greater certainty to the DoD that critical medical supplies arrive as intended even in uncertain external environments.

Resodyn Corporation
130 North Main Street Suite 600
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 497-5252
Steve Galbraith
A123-113      Awarded: 5/24/2013
Title:The Most Efficient (TME) Cold Chain Container for Blood
Abstract:Resodyn Corporation proposes to develop a novel cold chain system with a Lifetime Warranty for the vacuum container. The container composes a passive energy efficient system for transporting blood and pharmaceuticals in hostile environments for up to three days. Capacity is four 500 ml liter blood transfusion bags. Energy efficiency is possible by the novel shape and super insulating qualities proposed. Preliminary work and prior examples demonstrate the merit of prototyping and proving feasibility for the proposed system in Phase I.

eSpin Technologies, Inc.
7151 Discovery Drive
Chattanooga, TN 37416
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 267-6266
Jayesh Doshi
A123-116      Awarded: 4/1/2013
Title:High Flow, Extended-Wear Respirators for Ambient Particulate Matter Protection
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal proposes to design, develop, and produce high performance air filter media with low pressure drop and longer life for dust mask application. Non-woven composite filter media with macro and nanofiber will be produced to obtain design specifications. Fiber size, packing density, porosity, and mass density of the material will be controlled to tailor the properties of the filter media. The filter media will be characterized for its filtration and mechanical performance for optimization leading to manufacturing of dust mask. The proposed technology is expected to enhance the protection level with comfort while providing longer life mask.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Anjal Sharma
A123-116      Awarded: 4/15/2013
Title:Self Regenerating Dust Masks for Punishing Military Operational Environments
Abstract:Our warfighters deployed in operational environments which have high airborne particulate matter (PM) levels are at serious risk of developing respiratory and cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately no standardized PM protective equipment can currently be issued due to limitations for extended wear during sustained aerobic activity. Lynntech, Inc. proposes to develop lightweight PM filter face masks which are compatible with warfighter head and face gear, provide high airflow and resist clogging through the incorporation of a highly innovative no-power active self regeneration technology. Phase I will specifically aim to provide proof-of-concept for this novel high flow rate, high PM filtration and self regeneration technology. Phase II will further optimize the technology with a focus on prototyping lightweight ruggedized self regenerating PM filter face masks which are suitable for utilization in punishing high PM operational environments even under sustained aerobic activity. Phase III will focus on commercialization of NIOSH N95 compliant, self regenerating, high airflow respirators suitable for DOD procurement for standard issue to our warfighters that serve in high PM environments. Lynntech’s novel self regenerating respirators will significantly decrease adverse health risks while simultaneously increasing operational effectiveness of our warfighters to greatly improve mission success probabilities in high PM environments.

Nanocomposix, Inc.
4878 Ronson CT STE K
San Diego, CA 92111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 565-4227
John Holecek
A123-116      Awarded: 4/8/2013
Title:High Flow, Extended-Wear Respirators for Ambient Particulate Matter Protection
Abstract:During the Phase I Research Period we will develop a high porosity, nanoengineered filtration material that couples high filter efficiency with a very low pressure drop. The core innovation of the technology is the use of a novel nanostructured fill material that has a solidity 10 times lower than typical filter materials. The fill material is efficient at capturing particulates via interception, inertial impaction and electrostatic attraction but has an extremely low aerodynamic cross section. The low pressure drop per unit thickness allows for thicker filter substrates to be produced that have a high loading capacity, extending their effective filter lifetime performance.

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 263-6316
Vladimir Rubtsov
A123-117      Awarded: 3/15/2013
Title:Stereo Ophthalmic Smartphone with Accessories for In-Field Applications
Abstract:Ocular injuries account for approximately 13%-22% of all combat casualties, and up to 32% in disasters. Ophthalmic diagnostic equipment and specialists are usually not available under these conditions, but telediagnosis could support on-scene diagnosis by a nonspecialist or even a nonprofessional based on information and advice from a remotely located professional. Because ophthalmology relies so heavily on visual information, high- quality 2D and 3D still and video attachments are very helpful to the teleconsultants. The appearance of 3D smartphones on the market makes this possible. To address the Army concerns, Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop the Stereo Ophthalmic Smartphone (SOS) with accessories for in-field applications, a miniature device that combines the properties of classical ophthalmology slitlamp stereomicroscopy, the capability of the 3D smartphone, and unique, IOS-developed MEMS with an incorporated moving lens (Translating Lens) which enables it to produce 3D imagery through a single objective lens rather than requiring the traditional two channels. In Phase I the device concept will be outlined, and an operating prototype will be delivered in Phase II.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
A123-117      Awarded: 5/20/2013
Title:Portable Android Based Plenoptic Ophthalmic Slit Lamp
Abstract:Rapid evaluation of ocular injuries in austere environments requires the acquisition and transmission of visual examination data by relatively unqualified individuals due to the lack of qualified ophthalmologists or optometrists in many remote, hostile, or disaster regions. In order to be useful for proper diagnosis by qualified ophthalmologists, the transmitted data must be a relatively high resolution stereo image that provides the tele-operator with the ability to focus on external and anterior gross ocular structures all the way down to internal ocular structures having sub-millimeter scales. In order to obtain appropriate data, a portable field instrument must allow the operator to vary illumination intensity, spectral output, slit width, and other illumination patterns. Preferably the video data should be live or at least capable of being streamed and the data must be transmitted from austere environments. There is a wide range of current devices that perform at least part of these tasks. Digital imaging of slit lamps is accomplished via auxiliary fittings that couple video or still cameras into their optics. Similarly, there are portable slit lamps that are suitable for use in the field but none that have standard imaging capability. There are also smartphone fixtures available in the form of eyepieces that directly mount to slit lamps – both portable and desktop. However, none of these systems supply digital stereo images and it is unlikely that slit lamps would be available in remote environments. To address this problem, Nanohmics Inc. proposes to develop an easy to use, handheld Android platform that provides 3-D imaging with integral slit lamp illumination that transmits high resolution images via satellite/cell phone/radio.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr. Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 348-4426
Mike Browne
A123-117      Awarded: 4/1/2013
Title:Adapting SmartPhones for Ocular Diagnosis
Abstract:From the 19th century until today, we have seen an almost tenfold increase in the ocular injury rate on the battlefield. Injuries to the torso that in the past would have been fatal are now prevented or reduced through use of effective body armor. Although the ocular surface area represents only 0.27% of the body surface area the eye casualty rate in combat is 20 to 50 times greater than expected based on the body surface area. Compounding this problem is that there are very few eye doctors deployed in field hospitals. With ocular injuries accounting for up to 32% of injuries in disaster scenarios, limited access to eye doctors is not just a military problem. A portable eye examination system is needed that can help trained medical personnel diagnose eye injuries either on site, or remotely via telemedicine if they are not deployed to a given field hospital. This system should be easy to use for an untrained medic but also capable enough so that an optometrist, ophthalmologist or ophthalmic surgeons would find it useful. To address this need, SA Photonics has developed the concept “eyePhone”, a hybrid slitlamp/ophthalmoscope that clips on to a smart phone.

Arkansas Power Electronics International, Inc.
535 W. Research Center Blvd., Suite 209
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(479) 443-5759
Daniel Martin
A123-118      Awarded: 3/18/2013
Title:Compact , High-Power Density, High-Voltage Silicon Carbide (SiC) Based Solid-State Circuit Protection Device (SSCPD) Incorporating Advanced Power Pack
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project seeks to develop an advanced, flexible, robust, high-power density, high-voltage (600 V), solid-state circuit protection device (SSCPD) through the incorporation of silicon carbide (SiC) device technology, the implementation of advanced power packaging, and novel fault detection and protection schemes. The proposed SiC- based SSCPD will address the present and future needs of many Army applications, specifically targeting the present needs of the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) and other future Army vehicles, e.g., Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV).

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Bruce R. Pilvelait
A123-118      Awarded: 3/8/2013
Title:SiC Based Electrical Distribution for High Voltage Vehicle Power Systems
Abstract:Power system upgrades for next-generation ground combat vehicles require technology advances such as higher operating temperature, greater power density, and increased functionality. Silicon Carbide (SiC) based power electronic devices offer advantages over silicon devices, especially for high voltage buses, and Creare proposes to develop a SiC- based 12 channel, 600 VDC Solid State Electrical Distribution Unit (SSEDU) which operates at ambient temperatures up to 100 deg C. Our design uses innovative thermal management to enable operation at very high ambient temperature while maintaining adequately low semiconductor junction temperatures. This approach minimizes size and maximizes lifetime and reliability. During Phase I we will develop our proposed design further and demonstrate feasibility through analysis and prototype test. During Phase II we will demonstrate a prototype in TARDEC’s VEA System Integration Lab at TRL5. Creare’s SSEDU offers the benefits of higher power density, higher operating temperature, and increased control intelligence when compared to existing designs.

Global Embedded Technologies, Inc.
23900 Freeway Park Drive
Farmington Hills, MI 48335
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 888-9696
David Backus
A123-118      Awarded: 3/29/2013
Title:High-Voltage Intelligent Power Distribution Solution
Abstract:Future military vehicle systems require 600VDC power buses to improve mobility and save fuel through hybrid power system configurations. This is a compelling proposition at a time when the military needs to find ways to address decreasing budgets, while increasing capability. High voltage systems are just now becoming requirements on future military vehicle systems. This paradigm shift in requirements results in technology gaps, unmet needs, and opportunities. This SBIR topic and recent vehicle requirements from major military vehicle manufacturers validate the need for an intelligent high voltage power distribution solution. Global ET’s solution will be a unique combination of SiC technology, compact and efficient power electronics, software features, and configurability.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 W. 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin M. Aye
A123-119      Awarded: 3/14/2013
Title:Retro-transmitting Omni-Bidirectional On-the-move Laser-Illuminated Non-line-of-sight Optical Communication System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for an optical communication system that is suitable for the teleoperation of unmanned ground vehicles (UGV), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Retro-transmitting Omni-Bidirectional On-the-move Non-line-of- sight Optical Communication (ROBOLINC) system. This system is based on non-line-of- sight diffused infrared light detection via a retro-transmitting omni-bidirectional transceiver consisting of a multiaperture superposition compound-eye sensor with a high-speed IR laser diode array, and a multispectral omnidirectional camera-based laser interrogator consisting of a 360-degree omnidirectional optics, a visible/near IR/shortwave IR CMOS imaging sensor, a lightweight-mirror fast scanning telescope, a multitarget video tracker, and eye- safe laser with high sensitivity detection. These innovations allow the system to meet the Army’s requirements on bandwidth, frame rate, range, day/night environment, SWaP, and on- the-move operation. In Phase I, POC will develop the ROBOLINC system design, investigate system components, and demonstrate ROBOLINC’s feasibility by testing a laboratory breadboard setup. In Phase II, POC plans to finalize the design and implement into a full prototype system which will be tested and demonstrated for controlling a robot in a realistic outdoor environment.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6863
Richard Myers
A123-119      Awarded: 3/11/2013
Title:Optical Communications for Control of Unmanned Ground Vehicles
Abstract:Free space optical communication (FSOC) systems offer rapid data transfer rates, allowing wireless relay of complex data sets. To further promote the use of this technology for short- range covert communication links and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) data transfer, compact and robust transmitter/receiver modules that operate at ultraviolet wavelengths and within eye and skin-safe limits are desired. To meet this challenge, scientist from Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. will exploit recent advances in UV transmitter and receiver technologies to demonstrate the feasibility of assembling a rugged, compact and sensitive NLOS optical communication unit for short range video data transfer during both military and civilian operations. During Phase I, a theoretical analysis of the FSOC network’s achievable performance will be made based on established component specifications and results from the testing of a bench-top demonstration unit. The work will be driven by the target application of covert, NLOS data transfer between unmanned ground vehicles and an operator control unit used by military and civilian personnel.