---------- DARPA ----------

12 Phase I Selections from the 12.3 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
LSP Technologies, Inc.
6145 Scherers Place
Dublin, OH 43016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(614) 718-3000
David Sokol
SB123-001      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:Adhesive Bond Strength of Bonded Structures in Confined Locations
Abstract:Composite structures are the future of aviation. They reduce weight and improve fuel efficiency. Composite structures are now incorporated into aircraft by all major aerospace manufacturers. Many composite structures are assembled with fasteners, but, to meet future design requirements, manufacturers need adhesive bonding for their composite structures. In order for the industry to determine the safety and integrity and certify these aircraft, the adhesive bonds in these structures must be tested to verify the manufacturing process and, in subsequent depot level maintenance to confirm they are still adequate. There is no conventional non-destructive testing method available to assure that the bond strength is adequate for service. An inspection technology developed at LSP Technologies, Inc. offers a solution to evaluate the strength of adhesive bonds in bonded structures. This inspection technique is a local proof-testing method that applies a well-controlled dynamic tensile stress to the composite structure and senses inadequacies of these hard-to-detect weak adhesive bonds in response to the tensile stress. The tensile stress is generated by a pulsed laser beam interaction at the surface of the composite material. The controlled local stressing of the composite material has no effect on the material or properly bonded structures.

Resodyn Corporation
130 North Main Street Suite 600
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 497-5212
Peter Lucon
SB123-001      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:An Advanced NDE Approach to Determine the Adhesive Bond Strength
Abstract:Bonded composite materials offer considerable opportunity to reduce manufacturing cost, improve structural performance, and improve fuel efficiency of aircraft. However, bonded composite aircraft structures continue to be a challenge to manufacture due to the certification requirement to determine the strength of the bonds in the structures - before they are placed into service. Current testing techniques involve statically loading the structure to some specified load level to place the bond line under load. If the bond does not fail, it is determined to be acceptable and the structure is placed into service. This test method is costly and time consuming. The proposed solution provides a method to test the entire bond at a near uniform shear. If the bond is within specification, the technology would be non-destructive. However, if the bond were weaker than the specified value, the bond would fail. A single bond evaluation procedure will both proof load the bond and detect bond failures. The proposed technology tests the entire bond and not a few points along the bond joint as with laser bond inspection technology. The project would take the technology from inception (TRL 2) to a TRL of 7-8 at the end of the SBIR funding.

SCIENCETOMORROW, LLC
PO Box 7562
Woodbridge, VA 22195
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 203-7673
Subhadarshi Nayak
SB123-001      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:BOND-M: Bond Observation and Non-Destructive Measurement Technique
Abstract:ScienceTomorrow proposes to develop a novel Bond Observation and Non-Destructive Measurement (BOND-M) technique for measuring bond strength of adhesively joined composites. BOND-M will employ high-intensity focused ultrasound stress waves directed at a small region within the adhesive layer to rapidly proof test the bond while simultaneously observing for bond damage and defects and verifying successful bonding. The BOND-M device, positioned on a surface, can steer the focused beam to proof test the bond at multiple locations deep inside or on the edge of the composite structure. By traversing the device parallel to the longer dimension of a composite primary structure, entire bond-joints can be tested rapidly. Local quantitative bond strength measurement can be used for process control and monitoring. Validation of the bond strength measurement will be accomplished by employing a destructive method on identical samples. BOND-M measurement with a statistical sampling scheme will enable rapid aviation certification while maintaining the structural integrity of composites and helping to prevent surprise failures.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2467
Georgiy Levchuk
SB123-002      Awarded: 1/29/2013
Title:CERTAIN: Certainty Enrichment via Relational and Temporal Analytical Indexing of Networks
Abstract:Efficient and accurate indexing is fundamental to the Big Data enterprise, but traditional indexing techniques are often foiled by noise and missing information. Aptima proposes CERTAIN (Certainty Enrichment via Relational and Temporal Analytical Indexing of Networks), a solution that advances several areas of large dataset indexing and applies them to the domain of cyber analysis. We will develop an enhanced indexing approach that will retrieve data that traditional indexers would miss. Our enriched indexing approach will rely on inference algorithms that extract high level features in temporal and relational datasets. In the temporal domain, we will detect patterns of temporal behavior by learning categories of records that share qualitatively similar characteristics. In the relational domain, we will detect subnetwork primitives that highlight regions of a dataset that share similar properties. We will demonstrate how inference-enriched indexing improves the retrieval of relevant data by intelligently managing noisy datasets. Our research and development effort will focus on a cyber dataset, but our approach will extend to other data sources that have temporal or relational components.

Map Large, Inc.
PO BOX 8482
Atlanta, GA 31106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 217-0457
Glenn Kirbo
SB123-002      Awarded: 2/4/2013
Title:Indexing large scientific data
Abstract:Hadoop style systems have done an excellent job of providing scalable long term disk bound data storage and enjoy wide acceptance in both Government and the private sector. However, Hadoop implementations suffer from performance limitations with respect to whole set aggregates and real time interactivity that we believe can be solved by optimizing for local memory operations. The key performance driver is memory locality. A well written Hadoop process might sometimes achieve optimal memory throughput on an individual node, but the overall system does not generally result in optimal memory locality and thus frequently fails performance requirements. We propose to create a multi node data architecture that automatically optimizes for memory locality using a compressed column oriented architecture compatible with both CPU and GPU processing. The result will be a real time streaming architecture capable of indexing and querying large volumes of heterogeneous scientific data stored on clusters of cloud computers.

Qadium Inc.
Attn: Shaalu Mehra 379 Lytton Avenue
Palo Alto, CA 94301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 578-6691
Matt Kraning
SB123-002      Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:Novel indexing, sampling, and streaming approaches for real-time data analysis
Abstract:New approaches to handling streaming data are required. By the time one wishes to index stored scientific data, critical decisions about what to store have already been made. We propose evaluating, extending, and implementing a suite of algorithms that use new indexing and sampling techniques to improve analytical performance on large heterogenous streams of scientific data beyond current state of the art.

Cambrian Genomics
665 Third St Suite 425
San Francisco, CA 94107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 592-0123
Anselm Levskaya
SB123-003      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:Massively Parallel Closed-Loop Gene Synthesis
Abstract:Large DNA molecules are synthesized by the enzymatic assembly of short DNA oligonucleotide 60-100bp in length. Currently, each DNA fragment is synthesized in relatively small numbers at an excessive macroscopic scale, incurring a large manufacturing overhead in production costs. It is possible to make these building blocks cheaply by building them on microarrays using controlled light or electronic arrays. However, microarray DNA is both extremely error-prone and comes as dilute, hypercomplex mixtures of tens of thousands of different species. To effectively use a large microarray library, they need to be sorted apart from one another and filtered such that only correctly synthesized pieces are used for the final assembly steps. We have built a system that does this physically using next-generation sequencers that sequence copies on beads of clonal DNA species sampled from the microarray. We then use high-speed pulsed lasers to eject the correct beads of each sequence into unique, specified combinations in 384-well plates for assembly into genes. We propose to develop an enzymatic pipeline to convert our sequenced, ejected beads into kilobase-sized fragments. This requires developing reactions for amplification, processing, and assembly of our sequenced ejection material.

Gen9
Suite 130 500 Technology Square
Cambridge, MA 02139
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 250-8433
Ishtiaq Saaem
SB123-003      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:Next Generation synthesis of low cost, long length DNA Assemblies
Abstract:Gen9 is developing a DNA synthesis platform that aims to produce synthetic DNA products at an industry leading length, price point and turnaround time. In this proposal we outline our plans to meet the requirements of the solicitation: $0.05per base pair, 7 day order turnaround time and perfect sequences up to 20 kbp. Currently our technology allows our product to approach those requirements. Further development, supported by this program will allow Gen9 to meet and even exceed these product specifications. Gen9's platform combines low cost DNA synthesis and error correction, with next generation methods of identifying assembled products with perfect sequence fidelity. Perfect constructs can be sold as is, or used to produce longer length constructs. We also outline experimental and development effort to synthesize DNA at prices much cheaper and at lengths much longer than asked for in this solicitation.

Synthetic Genomics, Inc
11149 North Torrey Pines Rd.
La Jolla, CA 92037
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 433-2236
Daniel Gibson
SB123-003      Awarded: 2/13/2013
Title:Rapid, Low-Cost, and High-Fidelity DNA Synthesis and Assembly Techniques
Abstract:We propose to build and demonstrate a highly parallelized automated DNA synthesis and assembly pipeline capable of producing 100% accurate DNA fragments up to 30 kb within 7 days of receiving DNA sequence, at a cost of less than $0.04/bp, and with a daily capacity of greater than 1Mb of synthetic DNA. The outcome of this work will be Synthetic Genomics Inc. (SGI) as a provider of synthetic DNA at a drastically lower cost and more rapid turnaround time by more than an order of magnitude compared to what is currently available. This would significantly enable and accelerate development of new products such as biofuels, biochemicals, and vaccines in academic, commercial, and government facilities.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 500-4815
Jaime Ramirez
SB123-004      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:SURFACE: Simulation Utilizing Remote Facilities to Aggregate Control Environments
Abstract:The proposed effort will utilize a software API to link disparate N-DOF test bed facilities into a unified simulation. This API, called SURFACE (Simulation Utilizing Remote Facilities to Aggregate Control Environments), will allow for disparate test beds from remote facilities of different scale and function to run interlinked simulations in real time, where reaction forces are passed amongst the test beds via internet protocols. SURFACE will then display a combined-DoF simulation that shows the entire simulation working in a single simulated environment. Using the SPHERES--currently being flown on the International Space Station--test beds at MIT, the SURFACE API will be used to test and develop control algorithms for future Aurora projects including DARPAs Phoenix, to test distributed systems and cluster flight dynamics. This proposed effort is a way to enable affordable testing of advanced spacecraft architecture, and fulfills in a critical need in the space flight community for small and large companies alike.

Emergent Space Technologies, Inc
6411 Ivy Lane Suite 303
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 215-4977
Brendan O'Connor
SB123-004      Awarded: 1/31/2013
Title:Distributed Internet-enabled Simulation/Testbed Architecture
Abstract:Simulations that connect to testbeds are frequently used in space operations testing. Many of these testbeds have characteristics that are desirable to others in the field, but they are geographically distributed across the nation. The ability to connect multiple, remote testbeds to a single core simulation offers a significant enhancement of capabilities for multi- spacecraft programs such as F6 and Phoenix. Such remote access is not currently possible. We propose to develop an enabling architecture which transmits information about reference frame, kinematics, and dynamics from multiple testbed resources to a core simulation via the internet, while managing synchronization and latency. In Phase I, we focus on trade studies and surveys to resolve core data transmission and protocol requirements as well as lower program risk. The development effort culminates in an open-source standard architecture for remote simulation/testbed interfacing through an internet connection as well as software operating within this framework that can be deployed to connect a general simulation to testbeds across the country.

Heron Systems Incorporated
20945 Great Mills Road Suite 201
Lexington Park, MD 20653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 866-0330
Jason Summers
SB123-004      Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:Realtime interlinked software for distributed Non-latent N-DOF operations
Abstract:An architecture for linking geographically disparate N-DOF test beds to facilitate real-time distributed operations is proposed. An industry supported middleware solution, OpenDDS, is proposed as a basis for the required simulation software. A survey of existing laboratory conditions is performed. Adaptation to existing laboratory conditions is provided through the abstraction of simulation requirements. Control, data fusion, and other necessary functions are provided as pluggable components. Investigation of approaches for reconstructing full dynamics from multiple reduced-order dynamic systems is undertaken. Techniques for combining the data from multiple simulations are characterized, verified and validated. Investigation of the effect of WAN latencies and laboratory latencies is conducted. A proof of concept test is conducted to establish the feasibility of the proposed architecture and data fusion algorithms.