---------- ARMY ----------

138 Phase I Selections from the 13.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Colorado Engineering Inc.
1915 Jamboree Drive Suite 165
Colorado Springs, CO 80920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Larry Scally
A13-001      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:ROAR: Rear hemisphere Obstacle Avoidance for Rotocraft
Abstract:The unique capabilities provided by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft also create challenges during turns and rearward maneuvers. VTOL aircraft lack sensors to provide protection in their rear hemisphere. Low altitude flight, take-off and landing are dangerous times for aircraft, even when landing in a well-known designated landing zone (LZ). The risk to the warfighter and expensive military assets increases markedly in confined LZs during night and in degraded visual environments (DVEs). A solution is needed to increase the situational awareness of obstacles behind the aircraft. The Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI) team proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, electromagnetics, antenna design, advanced embedded processing architectures, and radar algorithms to identify and assess solutions for a rear hemisphere, tail-rotor obstacle avoidance capability. The sensor system must be low-cost and fit within very tight size, weight, and power (SWaP) budgets to be feasible and suitable for VTOL manned and unmanned aircraft. CEI offers a unique combination of experience through its ongoing development programs for autonomous sense and avoid radar systems for unmanned airborne platforms and for rotocraft sensor solutions enhancing situational awareness in DVEs.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3613
Paul Techau
A13-001      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Rear Hemisphere Tail-Rotor Obstacle Avoidance for Unmanned & Manned Rotorcraft
Abstract:In a number of arid regions of the world, recirculation of dust by the rotorwash of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft (manned and unmanned) results in the loss of visual cues during approach and landing. This condition is typically referred to as brownout. This is a serious problem for all services and has lead to numerous aircraft and personnel losses in Afghanistan and Iraq. Other conditions leading to a degraded visual environment (DVE) include snow and of course nocturnal operations. Although measures such as approach profile changes and pilot training implemented to date have reduced this accident rate, it remains unacceptably high. Landing systems are being developed under current programs to address this problem, but the projected costs of these systems suggest fleet-wide implementation is improbable. What is needed is an affordable aid to the pilot/operators promising a significant reduction in the DVE accident rate. Under this effort, ISL will exploit the Electronic Bumper developments made under previous Air Force and Navy sponsorship to define a system that will detect tail-rotor hazards and warn the pilot of impending collisions, as well as explore algorithmic approaches to providing autonomous avoidance of obstacles.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
A13-001      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Airborne Enhanced Rear Obstacle Avoidance System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a low-cost rearward sense-and-avoid system, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop an Airborne Enhanced Rear Obstacle Avoidance System (AERO). The AERO system is based on a novel integration of two orthogonal obstacle sense-and-avoid techniques specifically for rearward operation. The key innovation in the AERO system is its unique system design that provides highly accurate obstacle detection and avoidance as well as situational awareness in degraded visual environment such as rain, fog, dust, or during nighttime operation. Moreover, the algorithm also provides the capability to track object trajectories. The design also provides military-accepted standard interfaces such as RS232 or MIL-STD-1553. In addition, the compact, low cost system is easy to acquire and integrate with airborne platform. In Phase I, POC will perform a technical feasibility and operational suitability test of the AERO system. A scaled-down version of the system will be developed and tested in POC laboratory. We anticipate that at the end of Phase II, AERO will reach technology readiness level (TRL) 5/6 and will be ready for initial tests.

Amastan LLC
University of Connecticut Langley Building 270 Middle Turnpike Unit 5190
Storrs, CT 06269
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 486-5171
Kamal Hadidi
A13-002      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:CMAS and High Temperature Resistant LaMgAl11O19 TBC Coatings Using a Microwave Based Uniform-Melt-State Plasma Process (UniMelt™)
Abstract:Amastan, in collaboration with the University of Connecticut, proposes to make high temperature phase stable and CMAS resistant coatings of lanthane hexaaluminate (LaMgAl11O19) material as a suitable substitute to YSZ top coat for thermal barrier coating applications. These coatings, although deposited by atmospheric plasma spray (APS) exhibit comparable coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity to that of traditional YSZ top coat. These remarkable thermo physical properties were obtained despite the non homogeneity of material composition and non uniform thermal path inherent to APS. Amastan will demonstrate homogeneous LaMGAl11O19 coatings with better control of phase and microstructure through the use of its innovative spray process called “Uniform Melt State Process” (UniMelt™). This process offers uniform melting in three dimensions of the processed materials by axial injection of uniform precursor droplets into an axis-symmetric plasma hot zone with laminar process gas flow and uniform temperature profile. The innovative thermal process will lead to more homogenous coatings with more stable microstructure and precise control of the material’s phase due to better control of material composition, particle size and uniform thermal processing path. Caterpillar’s Solar Turbines and Pratt & Whitney have both expressed interest in supporting and participating in our Phase I study.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
A13-002      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Durable CMAS Resistant Thermal Barrier Coatings
Abstract:Thermal barrier coatings (TBC’s) are susceptible to damage under service conditions due to environmental contaminants such as calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicon-oxide systems (CMAS). In this Phase I SBIR program UES, Inc. proposes to investigate the feasibility of rationally selected TBC’s and their architectures for CMAS resistance and durability. Highly ranked TBC architectures will be selected for further development in Phase II.

Solid Concepts, Inc.
28309 Avenue Crocker
Valencia, CA 91355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 821-1112
Andrew Carter
A13-003      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Implementation of Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) to Manufacture Advance Combustion Liners with Shaped Film Cooling Holes for Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:The combustor liner is subject to the highest temperature and pressure in a gas turbine. Combustion produces gas with temperatures exceeding the melting point of the liner. The component’s longevity is largely a factor of cooling. Multi-hole film cooling bleeds gas from the high pressure stages of the compressor and effuses it to the hot side of the liner where the gas forms an insulating film. Enhanced cooling allows higher combustions temperatures and improved turbine efficiency. Shaped film cooling holes improve film effectiveness. However, conventional manufacturing methods do not provide practical ways to create shaped film cooling holes. Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) is an additive process that is capable of producing complex geometry using a single method. DMLS sequentially spreads layers of powder metal and selectively melts regions defined by a 2D slice of a 3D CAD model. Theoretically any geometry can be built. Solid Concepts is one of the most technically advanced suppliers of Direct Digital Manufacturing (DDM) services. Their DMLS department specializes in aerospace components and produce parts that push the technology’s limits. Solid Concepts SBIR Phase 1 goal is to assess the feasibility of implementing DMLS to manufacturing combustor liners with shaped film cooling holes.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Glen Whitehouse
A13-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Low-Cost CFD-Based Analysis for Surface Mesh Interrogation and Refinement
Abstract:Accurate flow calculation is crucial to the development and support of air platforms, and CFD has been successful at predicting aerodynamic performance for a variety of flows. The accuracy of CFD is governed by the quality of the surface mesh, and much work has been undertaken to automatically generate surface grids from CAD. Unfortunately, quality is quantified in terms of conformance to the surface rather than relevant fluid dynamics (i.e. flow gradients, boundary layer dynamics etc.), and users must undertake costly grid refinement studies to determine a suitable surface mesh for production work. This effort will develop a low cost CFD-based grid processing tool that can be used to guide the creation of suitable surface meshes by building upon the experience of Continuum Dynamics, Inc. (CDI) in developing fast reliable airframe design codes, panel methods and CFD solvers for DoD, NASA and industry. The proposed tool would be built around a low-cost CFD solver and would output guidance on local surface mesh correction and refinement based upon both surface topology and flow requirements/properties. Phase I will focus on technology demonstration and framework/interface definition to establish proof-of-concept and set the stage for follow-on development work.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7500
Kuo-Yen Szema
A13-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Surface Mesh Refinement Guide Tool for Computational Fluid Dynamics Applications
Abstract:A comprehensive approach is proposed to develop a tool for guiding and automating mesh refinement for complex CFD targets and simulations. In the proposed Phase I effort, HyPerComp, Inc., will develop and demonstrate capabilities for performing geometry and CFD-based mesh refinement for Euler simulations. The automated methods will be developed quickly within our in-house CAD2Mesh grid generator and HYCE CFD simulation environment. This will allow us to run many cases to investigate optimal mesh refinement strategies that will then be incorporated into a mesh refinement guidance tool.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Vladimir Kolobov
A13-005      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Unified Flow Solver for transient high altitude events with mixed continuum and rarefied flows
Abstract:CFDRC proposes to develop a computational tool for transient, high-altitude events with mixed continuum and free molecular flow regimes. The proposed technology builds upon the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) previously developed by CFDRC, which will be leveraged with several new features for transient chemically reacting two-phase, gas-particle flows interacting with multiple bodies in relative motion under mixed continuum-rarefied regimes. The new tool will incorporate several innovations: i) octree Cartesian mesh for automatic mesh generation and dynamic adaptation to transient flow properties and moving bodies, ii) a cell-by-cell automatic selection of Boltzmann and Navier-Stokes solvers based on continuum breakdown criteria, iii) kinetic models for two-phase rarefied flows, iv) kinetic and fluid models of chemical reactions. In Phase I, we will demonstrate UFS for high-fidelity characterization of short duration propulsive/detonative events in mixed continuum/rarefied flows and illustrate its advantages for simulation of unsteady effects. New capabilities for two-phase flows, chemical kinetics in fuel rich environments, and generalized 6 degree-of- freedom hard body interactions will be added. In Phase II, we will fully develop an advanced, high-fidelity simulation tool for high altitude, transient propulsive/detonative events. Numerical studies will be conducted to address specific components of the new tool for problems of interest to the Army.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
A13-005      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:Short Duration, High Altitude, Mixed Continuum/Non-Continuum Flowfield
Abstract:The problem to be addressed within the present proposal is the accurate modeling of high altitude transient phenomena associated with short duration propulsive and/or detonative events taking into account the mixed continuum/rarefied nature of the flow, chemical kinetics, and two-phase flow while leveraging existing computational fluid dynamic technologies to minimizing development time. Past simulation work in the area of mixed continuum/rarefied flows has produced a mature one-way coupled framework for steady-state applications utilizing the CRAFT CFD Navier-Stokes flow solver for the continuum portion of the flow, the Automatic Efficient Generalized Interface Surface (AEGIS) Toolkit for continuum breakdown determination and interfacing, and a representative Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) flow solver for the rarefied flow simulation. Application of this methodology to transient problems was also performed but contained many deficiencies from both a numerical and modeling standpoint. Recently, an unsteady framework has been developed for high-altitude transient flows, which relies on a more tightly coupled and synchronized methodology between the continuum and rarefied flows solvers and addresses the many deficiencies of earlier work. This new technology is now leveraged for the present application and will demonstrate the current capabilities. Simultaneously, improvements regarding two-phase flows and hard-body interaction will also be performed.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Kevin Brickman
A13-006      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Afterburning Missile Base Flow Modeling and Analyses
Abstract:Finite-rate turbulence- chemistry interaction methodology will be implemented in the CRAFT CFD® code to improve high-speed afterburning base flow predictions. UMiss/NCPA will conduct hot-rocket model tests with afterburning and collect base region and plume data along with Schlieren and IR imagery to extend the data base for validation of the computational models under development. CRAFT Tech will implement an EDC turbulent chemistry model for application with finite-rate reactions which is computationally efficient and a more sophisticated MEPDF method for turbulence chemistry interactions which has recently been extended for application to high-speed flows. The MEPDF method is more computationally expensive but can provide state-of-the-art accuracy in high-speed finite-rate turbulent chemistry modeling. The NCPA afterburning hot-rocket experiment will be simulated with both the EDC and MEPDF methods with finite-rate reactions and simulation results compared to the NCPA data collected as part of the Phase I effort and a plan for Phase II model refinement/validation will be formulated including the acquisition of hot-rocket PIV data in Phase II.

BrightSpec
675 Peter Jefferson Pkwy Suite 480
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 202-2391
Robin Pulliam
A13-007      Awarded: 7/12/2013
Title:Automated trace gas molecular analyzer using rotational spectroscopy
Abstract:Design of a custom chirped-pulse Fourier transform (CP-FT) mm-wave rotational spectrometer to meet the chemical analysis needs of the ARMY will be informed by current BrightSpec instrumentation which includes a CP-FT spectrometer operating in either the 260-290 GHz or 530-580 GHz frequency range. The 260 – 290 GHz spectrometer uses recently developed segmented CP-FT techniques coupled with high-throughput signal digitizers to achieve real-time, broadband spectrum acquisition performance. The key components are: 1) the high speed arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) capable of creating tailored waveforms (pulses) for spectrum acquisition and analysis, 2) high-power active multiplier chains (AMC) used for generating the millimeter/submillimeter excitation pulse and the low noise heterodyne receiver, 3) high-speed, 8-bit signal PCI digitizer with FPGA accumulator for real time signal averaging enabling a near 100% measurement duty cycle.

Virginia Diodes, Inc.
979 Second Street SE, Suite 309
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 297-3257
Jeffrey Hesler
A13-007      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Automated trace gas molecular analyzer using rotational spectroscopy
Abstract:VDI and OSU are in a strong position to meet the requirements of this SBIR. Building on a strong foundation of closely related sensor work in the millimeter/submillimeter, we will focus our Phase I efforts on the new challenges of this SBIR topic. The chief new analysis challenge is to provide a list of lines that arise from gases that are not in the spectrometer reference catalog. We have already demonstrated the absolute intensity calibration and well defined lineshapes required for the subtraction and deconvolution that are a necessary foundation for this task. To satisfy these requirements and to broaden the range of applications, we have chosen high spectral purity, frequency agile hardware and configurable software. The hardware design will allow multiple frequency bands and flexible physical configurations. This design uses all-solid-state electronic component technologies developed by VDI and demonstrated throughout the frequency band of interest.

Carbon Solutions, Inc
5094 Victoria Hill Drive
Riverside, CA 92506
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 682-5620
Elena Bekyarova
A13-008      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:All-solid-state Battery-Ultracapacitor Hybrid Devices Based on Nanostructured Materials
Abstract:This project aims to develop all-solid-state hybrid energy storage devices with flexible nanostructured electrode materials combined with a polymer electrolyte. The hybrid devices utilize a capacitor-like electrode based on graphene and carbon nanotubes and a battery-like electrode, comprised of nanostructured LiFePO4 grown on a graphene support. The proposed device combines the advantages of anode, cathode and electrolyte to deliver energy densities > 100 Wh/kg, maintain power densities above 1 kW/kg and provide longer life cycle than a typical rechargeable battery. The proposed approach extends to the conformal fabrication of current collectors, electrodes and electrolyte which allow the hybrid devices to be integrated in the next generation of electronic devices.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0546
Castro Laicer Ph.D.
A13-008      Awarded: 6/5/2013
Title:Advanced Solid-State Hybrid Battery-Ultracapacitor Device for High-Energy and High-Power Applications
Abstract:The power demands for a wide variety of advanced battlefield equipment can range from high-energy for long-term operation to high-rate pulse power. A major drawback of current power storage technologies for these applications is their inability to meet the demands of both high-energy and high-power delivery in a single device. State-of-the-art batteries are typically high-energy devices with insufficient high-rate capability for pulse power applications, while electrochemical capacitors are characterized by inherently high power and low energy. Therefore, a strong need exists for a device that can simultaneously fulfill the unique high-power and high-energy requirements for battlefield applications. To provide a new generation of battlefield-specific batteries, Giner, Inc. proposes a new type of hybrid, solid-state cell that takes advantage of the high-energy and high-power capabilities of batteries and capacitors in a single device by combining a symmetric capacitor and a rechargeable battery in one unit cell. Preliminary data is shown for some hybrid devices that have been successfully fabricated and tested. We expect that successful implementation of this technology will also lead towards power storage devices that are safer, conformal, and flexible for a wide range of applications.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Christopher Rhodes
A13-008      Awarded: 6/3/2013
Title:High Specific Energy and Power Solid-State Energy Storage Device
Abstract:To meet the current and future needs of the Army, improved power systems are needed for missiles, sensors, communication systems, night-vision devices, and other applications. Although conventional batteries can provide power for a wide variety of duty cycles, current batteries do not provide sufficient power to meet high power demands of multiple applications. Ultracapacitors can meet the high power demands, but do not provide sufficient specific energies. Lynntech proposes to develop an advanced energy storge device that provides high specific energy and high specific power and is both solid-state and flexible. The energy storge device is based on combining advanced electrode and electrolyte materials that provide rapid discharging and high capacities. During Phase I, the electrodes and electrolyte will be developed and tested to meet specific energy, specific power requirements. During Phase II, Lynntech will optimize the cell components and fabricate and test scaled-up cells to target military specifications. The energy storage device will provide a solid-state flexible power source for multiple battlefield applications including miniaturized sensors, communication devices, and missiles.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8207
Bernard D. Casse
A13-009      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra-dark nanostructured surface treatment
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an ultra-dark surface treatment for metals that absorbs light from the UV to the far-infrared (FIR). In the UV-NIR spectral range, the anticipated absorption is 10x better than the state-of-the-art blackest coatings. The ultra-dark surface membrane has a graded refractive index architecture and is made up of metal- dielectric nanostructures. The key innovation is in PSIs proprietary manufacturing approach that enables treating very large surface areas with arbitrary shape--the ultra-dark membrane can be grown on metal surfaces as large as 12ft2 (~1m2). This low-cost, mass-production capability of controlled nanoscale structures combined with the high broadband performance of a graded-index design is unmatched by the best competing technologies. In addition, abrasion-resistant matrices to the membrane can be straightforwardly implemented. Furthermore, the surface treatment can be extended to glass surfaces. In Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the performance of a 1 um thick ultra-dark membrane on a non-planar surface. In Phase II, an enhanced membrane, which is several tens of microns thick, with optimized nanoscale geometries, will be demonstrated.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A13-009      Selected for Award
Title:High Throughput Super-black Surface Processing
Abstract:We propose a new high throughput super-black surface process that is fabricated with high pulse repetition rate high energy fs fiber laser combining with beam shaping technique. Our new approach will enable over 99% light absorption from UV to far infrared for large scale surfaces and volume manufacturing. At the end of Phase I, a large scale experiment will be demonstrated and a prototype will be delivered to show a working operation. In phase II, we will develop the process into a volume manufacturing capable of any types of shapes and materials (metals, ceramics and glasses).

HEAVYSTONE LABORATORY LLC
PO Box 982582
Park City, UT 84098
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 573-7136
Al Poskanzer
A13-010      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Manufacture of Bulk Nanocrystalline Tungsten Alloys
Abstract:This proposal describes an innovation for making bulk nanocrystalline tungsten alloys that will be sufficiently ductile and meet mechanical properties targets set by the army. Tungsten (W) and its alloys are primary candidate materials for next generation munitions and warheads owing to its high density, high modulus, and other favorable properties such as benign environmental impact. The actual use of tungsten in these applications is however, very limited due to its low ductility and high ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT). Although nanocrystalline structure has been considered a very promising approach for achieving higher ductility in W and lower DBTT, it is very difficult to achieve nanoscale grain size after sintering due to rapid grain growth that occurs during densification. To meet this challenge, based on the extensive experience and expertise of Heavystone Laboratory LLC and its partner University of Utah on sintering of nanosized powders as well as properties of tungsten and tungsten alloys, Heavystone proposes to develop bulk nanocrystalline tungsten alloys with average grain size finer than 100 nanometer (nm) by using a novel low temperature high pressure processing technology in conjunction with alloying additives.

ReliaCoat Technologies, LLC
Long Island High Technology Incubator 25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 123
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 739-8818
Brian Keyes
A13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Dual-Phase Nanocomposite Structures for Enhancing Ductility in Tungsten Alloys
Abstract:The intent of this program is to develop bulk tungsten alloys with improved ductility using nanocomposite structures to match microstructural and mechanical length scales. This dual-phase structure will comprise a dense tungsten-rich nanocrystalline matrix phase and a softer nanocrystalline precipitate phase. Thermodynamic models for nanostructure stability will be implemented in designing alloy compositions for each phase of the composite. The volume fractions and distribution of the two phases will be selected specifically to match microstructural with mechanical length scales associated with shear localization in nanostructured BCC tungsten alloys. Mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering will be employed to produce bulk tungsten nanocomposites in Phase I. Yield strength, percent elongation, and strain rate sensitivity will be quantified through tensile testing and instrumented indentation. Finally, the localization process will be studied to extract critical mechanical length scales associated with plastic deformation in this novel class of materials. ReliaCoat Technologies, LLC. has assembled an interdisciplinary team to execute the proposed Phase I work plan, which brings together expertise in the areas of nanostructure design and mechanical alloying, spark plasma sintering, and deformation behavior of nanostructured metals.

Shear Form, Inc.
207 Dellwood St.
Bryan, TX 77801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 822-5038
Robert E. Barber
A13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Pure tungsten with improved ductility
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I effort is to demonstrate a processing method for pure bulk tungsten (W) that yields a minimum tensile ductility of 5%. Such a material will enable cost savings, improved performance, and improved logistics for explosively formed penetrators (EFPs), shape charge liners (SCLs), kinetic energy penetrators (KEPs), small caliper munitions, and other warhead applications. Improved ductility and strength in bulk W will be developed by warm (above the ductile to brittle transformation temperature and below the recrystallization temperature) severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing. Low aspect ratio (length to diameter) W bars of nominal 25mm diameter and 150mm length encased in steel will be subjected to shear strains by multipass equal channel angular extrusion (mECAE). Novel changes to conventional ECAE processing methods will be used to develop properties above those achieved to date by conventional mECAE. Test samples will be characterized by static and dynamic mechanical testing, and microstructural examination. Preliminary experiments on 19 mm diameter pure W bars have given encouraging results: reasonable SPD processability, microstructural uniformity, increased hardness and compressive strength, and notable ductility under high strain-rate conditions.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8364
Naida Lacevic
A13-011      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced hybrid graphitic materials for enhanced energetic applications
Abstract:The goal of this project is to formulate, process, and test for performance and sensitivity graphene enhanced propellants (GEP). Our approach leverages the optimized performance of single and double-base propellants by incorporating graphene pre-dispersed suspensions. The GEP performance will be optimized for burning rate and sensitivity with appropriate microstructure modifications and processing methods. The development of processing methods will utilize simulations and experiments to obtain microstructures correlated to high performance and verified by microstructural characterization techniques.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Justin L. Sabourin
A13-011      Selected for Award
Title:High Performance, Insensitive, Hybrid Graphitic Material Energetic Polymer Nanocomposite
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop and demonstrate novel hybrid nanoscale additives for energetic polymer material applications. These hybrid graphitic additives will enable state-of-the-art multifunctional nanocomposite propellants to be produced reliably; have tailored and fast burning rates; improved mechanical and thermal performance; and greatly upgraded system performance. The concept permits the inclusion of these additives under safe operations, and will not require alterations to current manufacturing lines. In Phase I, the proposed investigation will focus on the development of critical additive surface chemistries to ensure high solubility and dispersion, as well as the screening of several combinations of materials and chemical surface treatments. The effort will demonstrate increases in propellant burning rates of more than 20%, while maintaining or improving the ignition sensitiveness. Phase II will explore additional multifunctional benefits, identify new and exciting applications, as well as enabling scaled production and implementation into pilot plant operations. We envision these additives to create a new class of propellants with increased performance, at low cost and reduced toxicity.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8360
Shiv Joshi
A13-012      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Compact Actuation Technology for Spin Stabilized Munitions (CATS)
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics (NextGen) is proposing an innovative actuation concept that minimizes SWaP impact on munitions. The proposed actuation system will be designed to survive ultra- high gun-fired munitions inertial loads, insensitive requirements, long storage, and transportation conditions. Explosive micro-charge arrays addressed by flexible electronics are proposed to create precisely timed and located micro-impulses to correct or modify flight trajectories of gun-fired munitions stabilized by high spin rates. The thin film electronic switching technology developed by NextGen for distributed strain sensing will be modified to trigger an explosive impulse. Our solution will minimize the use of internal space and save weight compared to SOA actuation alternatives for small munitions. NextGen will develop printed diode based switching to resistively heat a thin film heating element with multilayer detonation initiator layers on it igniting the explosive charge for impulsive force creation. In Phase I, NextGen will concentrate on analytical modeling to prove feasibility of the proposed concept in meeting the quantitative requirements. NextGen will also perform critical micro- thruster timing and impulse measurement experiments in Phase I. A prototype of the flight trajectory correction actuation system will be developed and tested in Phase II.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
85 Air Park Drive-Unit 3
Ronkonkoma, NY 11779
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A13-012      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Control Technologies for Guidance of High-Spin Stabilized Munitions
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of a number of novel guidance and control technology concepts for flight trajectory correction of guided spinning munitions in general and high-spin rounds in particular. The proposed efforts include the study of the feasibility of its required major components, including a number of novel pulsed actuation with very narrow actuation pulse and precision timing and direct roll angle sensor concepts with better than sub-degree precision, and the corresponding guidance and control algorithms. The proposed pulsed actuation devices can provide impulses equivalent to 10 N- sec to 140 N-sec for up to 2 milliseconds or better. The components of the proposed novel guidance and control actuation concepts are low-volume, consume very small amount of electrical energy, provide high dynamic response control action and are suitable for high- spin rounds with 200 Hz or higher spin rates. The design of these novel pulsed actuation devices and sensors allows them to be readily protected against very high firing setback shock loading of over 50 KG and harsh firing environment and provide shelf life of over 20 years while being capable of operating in the require temperature range of 65 to 165 degrees F.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Srikanth Vasudevan
A13-012      Awarded: 11/25/2013
Title:Scalable Low Power Spinning-Disks (SPINX) Control Actuation System for Spin-Stabilized Gun Fired Munitions
Abstract:There exists a need to develop a control actuation system to impart course correction for spinning rounds. Orbital Research proposes to design and develop a novel low-power scalable control actuation system capable of imparting persistent course correction for spinning, gun-fired munitions. The novel Miniature Control Actuation System (MCAS) will be based on active flow control concepts. During the Ph I program, Orbital will perform preliminary aero analysis on the novel control actuation system, optimize the parameters of novel spinning disks, perform analytical in the form of CFD and 6 DoF models studies to quantify the effects of the control actuation system on a spinning munitions. During the Phase I option, Orbital will perform transient CFD simulations to more accurately quantify the performance of the spoilers as they are deployed and stowed to better understand the vortices shed during the operations.. A hardware integration plan will also be created - highlighting key components to be considered at a system level capable of sustaining high-g loads of setback, set forward and balloting, long shelf life, and extreme operating temperatures.

Custom Analytical Engineering Systems, Inc
13000 Tensor Lane, NE
Flintstone, MD 21530
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 722-2013
William F. Kellermeyer
A13-013      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Low Energy Consumption Compact Control Actuation Systems for Precision Guided Artillery and Mortar Munitions
Abstract:Pyrotechnics offer a novel low energy Control Actuation System (CAS) approach reducing limitations associated with typical electro-mechanical CAS. With 2.5 to 3 times more usable energy stored per unit volume and more importantly a power density that is orders of magnitude greater than that of a comparable electromechanical device, a pyrotechnically driven CAS potentially requires less total volume enabling greater payload, and in some cases enabling control authority outside the bounds of what can be achieved with electromechanical systems. Medium and long range guided munitions, in particular precision guided artillery and mortar munitions, typically utilize some version of an electro- mechanical Control Actuation System (CAS) that deflects aerodynamic surfaces to effect a projectile response which subsequently achieves the required maneuver. Electro- mechanical CAS systems which satisfy these requirements can consume more than 4,000 joules of electrical energy because the capability to deliver peak torque, which is typically only required for a small portion of the overall flight mission, results in high power consumption over the entire flight regime. The demand for increased on board power and energy also requires allocation of significant additional volume in the projectile which could otherwise be available for additional payload.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Daniel Stouch
A13-014      Awarded: 8/8/2013
Title:Sensor Placement Reasoning Using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital Elevation Maps (SPREAD)
Abstract:Wireless ground sensor networks provide superior situational awareness in operational areas, but their deployment is complicated by unpredictable signal traffic patterns, limited battery life, and physical obstacles that interfere with signal propagation. Sub-optimal layouts create transmission bottlenecks and force some nodes to drain their batteries faster than others. Currently, personnel must rely on experience and trial and error to achieve an optimal configuration, which may not be practical in hostile territory or during time-sensitive missions. To address these concerns, we propose to design a system for Sensor Placement Reasoning using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital elevation maps (SPREAD). SPREAD is a robust, intelligent approach that can calculate optimal sensor layouts and monitor network performance. Our solution consists of: (1) an evolutionary algorithm that finds the optimal sensor placement for a given 3D terrain based on a configurable tradeoff between coverage, number of sensors, and connectivity; (2) a mobile user interface for the user to configure optimization parameters, add or remove obstacles that might interfere with signal propagation, and understand the algorithms optimized placement results; and (3) a health monitoring component that listens for diagnostic messages from the deployed network and notifies the user of potential problems.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Patrick A. Toole
A13-014      Awarded: 8/29/2013
Title:Tactical Wireless Ground Sensor Network Deployment and Maintenance System
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a portable tool for deployment planning, real-time monitoring, and maintenance of tactical wireless ground sensor networks. The tool will consist of a tablet (iPad, Android, or Windows) application and a desktop/cloud web service application. The tablet app will be used by the warfighter for planning, display, plan modification, sensor monitoring, and system maintenance. The app will be designed to operate standalone, but when connected (via Wi-Fi or cellular) will quietly retrieve relevant map data, target information, and sensor and radio models from the desktop. The desktop application will be based upon Toyons Geospatial Analysis Planning Support Toolbox, a geographic information system (GIS) framework complete with an intuitive graphical user interface, detailed 3-D environment models (terrain, foliage, buildings, and weather), rapid line-of-sight algorithms, established communication models, and real-time network analysis. The sensor network planning algorithms will employ an iterative approach which utilizes A* search for coarse localization and combinatorial optimization for final location fine-tuning. The algorithms account for real equipment constraints (e.g., non- omni-directional sensors, scanning sensors, radar minimum detectable velocity, and network signal strength) and optimize heterogeneous sensor sets with multiple sensor modalities, providing accurate and timely results.

MC10 Inc.
36 Cameron Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 205-1149
Barry G Ives Jr
A13-015      Selected for Award
Title:Skin Attached Traumatic Brain Injury Sensing System
Abstract:MC10 and partners (UtopiaCompression and SI2 Technologies) propose Biostamp- Augmented (BS-A), an extension of MC10s existing conformal (flexible and stretchable), adhesive platform for wearable electronics. The Biostamp is modular and extensible, capable of integrating a variety of sensors for monitoring the environment and/or physiological parameters of the wearer. BS-A will develop ultra-low-power electronics, communications, power supply, and the flexible/stretchable adhesive platform as a reference design architecture that can be integrated with arbitrary sensors complying with an open interface control specification. MC10s state-of-art commercial Biostamp and BS-A are closely related but BS-A will meet additional requirements of the SBIR. MC10 has successfully developed original sensors and integrated third-party sensors, capable of monitoring concussion, temperature, sweat rate, UV exposure, brain wave patterns, physiological strain, etc. The existing platform features data logging, storage, power, and wireless transmission capabilities, and is entering late development and commercialization stages for various products. This mitigates technical risk on the program and will serve as a springboard for an augmented system architecture and platform-based design capable of integrating other low- power sensors. Prototypes of a peel-and-stick TBI monitor integrating ARL-selected sensors, with interface control specifications and basic customization methdology for sensors.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Bell
A13-015      Awarded: 10/1/2013
Title:Skins of Flexible Intelligence
Abstract:To address the Army need for developing a flexible, conformal, skin-attach electronic platform for a wearable Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) sensing system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop innovative Skins of Flexible Intelligence (SOFI) by readily adapting an existing surface-mount technology that is compatible with the Armys TBI sensor. The SOFI design uses unique geodesic folding structures to house and electrically connect all components while providing flexibility that can be easily placed on fingers or other parts of the body. The overall system size will be no larger than a standard band-aid, low SWaP, and will provide the Armys required digital interfaces. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SOFI by designing the low-power electronic data collection, storage, and transmission system, and selecting suitable materials and small-footprint components. We plan to fabricate multiple prototypes for both mechanical and electrical testing and also design a suitable electronic circuit capable of recording, storing, and transmitting the sensed data at least five times within a one month period while continuously monitoring on a single battery charge. In Phase II, POC will build and test multiple (>12) refined prototypes interfaced with Armys TBI sensor.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2504
Gheorge Bunget
A13-016      Awarded: 7/30/2013
Title:Identification of Material Damage Precursors Using Novel NDE and/or SHM Hardware
Abstract:Widespread damage in aging aircraft is becoming an increasing concern as both civil and military fleet operators are extending the service lifetime of their aircraft and increasing risk of crack-like damage of aircraft components. The scientific community found that fatigue damage initiation occurs at micro-features called fatigue damage precursors (FDP). This requires that fatigue crack growth analyses address the influence of usage on FDP and eventual macro-scale crack growth. Predicting the exact fatigue life is a difficult process and fatigue life prediction based on crack length measurements can be grossly inaccurate. In addition, the appearance of these cracks typically occurs very late in fatigue life under high cycle fatigue conditions. Thus, to improve remaining useful life prediction of structural components the study of FDP is critical. In order to address this need, Luna is teaming with Arizona State University to develop advanced ultrasonic and eddy current evaluation techniques with potential application for structural health monitoring. The proposed method is based on using multi-scale modeling with combined linear and nonlinear ultrasonic parameters and eddy current measurements of electrical properties to predict the damage state and remaining service life of aircraft structural components.

PNTS Incorporated
1 Deerpark Drive Suite L2
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9550
Rich Skibo
A13-016      Awarded: 9/4/2013
Title:Novel Standoff Detection of Material Damage Precursors for Structural Health Monitoring and Prediction
Abstract:Because of the overwhelming migration to composites, particularly exotic thermoset materials from the bismaleimide (BMI) family, the PNTS team is focusing its work on this topic on composite structures. The teams high level approach will be to demonstrate an innovative and practical design using dielectric spectroscopy at millimeter wave through terahertz frequencies that will provide composite material integrity assessment to address and identify material damage precursors, including the little understood reversion of composite polymers which ultimately leads to premature failures. The comprehensive analysis regime will also provide 3-D images of artifacts such as intralayer delamination/disbond and other structural defects. The final deliverable for this Phase I program will include the demonstration of the nondestructive evaluation method applied on a structural composite coupon subjected to fatigue loads. The comprehensive schema developed by the PNTS team will have the capability to predict remaining useful life (RUL) of the coupon within 10% error on or before 50% of the total useful life of the coupon has been expended. As ground truth for the schema, PNTS will employ Trilion Quality Systems ARAMIS product.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Andrew Birnbaum
A13-017      Selected for Award
Title:Secondary Processing Development and Prototyping of Cast Single-Piece Vehicle Underbody Structure
Abstract:While single-piece structures are ideal for use as combat vehicle underbodies due to their structural integrity and ease of integration, fabricating such large components with relatively homogeneous material properties that can meet the rigorous specifications necessary for performing acceptably under blast loading conditions is extremely challenging. The ability to cast such parts would be highly desirable both from a technical performance and commercial perspective in terms of design flexibility, scale, production rate, and yield. However, inherent drawbacks in the casting process such as the tendency toward the generation of material defects including shrinkage, micro/macro porosity, cracking, and inclusions have so far limited its applicability for fabricating large, high performance components/structures for blast protection. Corvid Technologies and our partner Spokane Industries propose the development of a secondary processing technique in order to address these limitations and capitalize on the significant advantages offered by the casting process.

Spokane Industries
3808 N Sullivan Rd Building 1
Spokane Valley, WA 99216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 921-8873
Rod Grozdanich
A13-017      Selected for Award
Title:Secondary Processing Development and Prototyping of Cast Single-Piece Vehicle Underbody Structure
Abstract:Achieving high strength and toughness in large, single-piece underbody structures for combat vehicles has traditionally been challenging and expensive due to the limitations on fabrication techniques and materials that may be employed. Recent advances in materials design have yielded a castable "Eglin Steel", developed by the Air Force Research Laboratory. Cast Eglin Steel (CES) is an ideal candidate for use as a vehicle underbody as it has already been demonstrated to achieve yield strengths as high as 220 ksi and desirable strain rate sensitivity. Furthermore, the ability to cast these components significantly increases the flexibility in terms of geometry and scalability significantly driving down the cost for full scale production. However, CES properties have only been demonstrated on small scales, and inherent drawbacks in the casting process have so far limited its applicability for fabricating large, high performance components for blast protection. Spokane Industries proposes the development of a secondary processing technique in order to address these limitations and capitalize on the significant advantages offered by the casting process.

Stolar Research Corporation
333 Rio Rancho Drive NE Suite 201
Rio Rancho, NM 87740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 404-2400
Gerald Stolarczyk
A13-018      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Development of linear/non-linear radar system
Abstract:Modern ground warfare platforms are burdened with the critical need for escalating capabilities effectiveness in the face of prohibitive competition for platform size, weight, and power (SWAP). Traditionally, stand-alone sensor packages were developed singly, and treated as individual add-ons to already SWAP-burdened platforms; the inherent inefficiency of stand-alone capabilities can no longer be tolerated or treated as viable for modern applications. One critical application where this new truth is readily apparent is in the space of improvised explosive device (IED) detection. This small business innovation research (SBIR) topic enables the opportunity to mature sensor system development paradigms for the IED application by combining multiple sensor modalities into a single package, significantly reducing SWAP, simultaneous to advancing the overall effectiveness and refinement of two core technologies: ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and non-linear radar (NLR). The Phase I effort will: Establish performance, form factor, and application requirements; conceptually integrate two existing sensor technologies into a new combined MMGPR capability and evaluate gaps in the combined capability to be addressed; develop and evaluate candidate implementation architectures, hardware modules, and control elements; and perform specific analysis, simulation, and modeling to evaluate the feasibility of achieving the performance, form factor, and application requirements.

Vadum
601 Hutton St STE 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Aaron Walker
A13-018      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Development of linear/non-linear radar system
Abstract:In this program Vadum will develop a radar system capable of linear and nonlinear detection schemes for electronics detection (E-Det) and a linear Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR). The radar designed in this effort will leverage existing Vadum linear and nonlinear radar sensors for detecting electronics associated with RCIEDs and extend this baseline capability with innovation through use of Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) radar techniques. The resulting system will perform new tasks including radar imaging operation for earth surface and shallow sub-surface object detection and beam steering for improved situational awareness of threat locations. When combined with existing E-Det algorithms and low-power waveforms, the proposed radar will significantly advance the state of the art in short range IED detection. The outcome of the Phase 1 program will be a system design based on a theoretical analysis of MIMO radar design, preliminary MIMO measurements, and existing Vadum short-range radars.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Joseph Gorman
A13-019      Awarded: 9/18/2013
Title:Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE)
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden in planning sustainment operations. Currently, logistics planners must manually evaluate potential emplacement sites to determine their terrain suitability. Sites subject to rainfall-runoff responses such as ponding are ill-suited for emplacements, but evaluating the likelihood of such responses requires significant time and expertise. To reduce the time and to ease the difficulty of logistics site selection we propose a series of Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE) to the My Weather Impacts Decision Aid (MyWIDA). TIDE performs data-fusion over a variety of terrain and weather data sets, and can reason with uncertainty to evaluate the suitability of potential logistics sites against a series of expert rules for a variety of emplacement systems.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 797-0613
Mark R. Cammarere
A13-019      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Determination of Terrain Ponding for Logistics Emplacement and Planning
Abstract:Accounting for the impacts of terrain and weather is key to identifying potential Courses of Action that mitigate their effects. TSC and CSU propose a convergence of technologies 1) CSUs prototype engine for estimating locations prone to water ponding, 2) the Army Research Laboratorys My Weather Impacts Decision Aid (MyWIDA) which already produces weather impact maps and 3) TSC Petroleum and Water Trace Locator (PAWTL). Being developed for fielding by PM Petroleum and Water Systems (PM-PAWS), the PAWTL performs terrain analysis to support trace planning for the Armys Assault Hoseline System (AHS), Tactical Water Distribution System (TWDS) and Inland Petroleum Distribution System (IPDS) programs of record. The uniqueness of our approach includes combining a considerable Army investment with other innovative technologies in a packaged, flexible and configurable terrain and weather impacts analysis capability for tactical logistics. In Phase I, TSC and CSU will investigate improvements to the existing PAWTL and ponding engine to provide high fidelity predictions. Our team will develop a MyWIDA insertion strategy, determine requirements for a terrain analysis natural language interface, and define related user and software interfaces. In Phase II, our team will mature the ponding prediction tool and fully integrate it with MyWIDA.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 767-7042
Roger E. Welser
A13-020      Awarded: 8/20/2013
Title:Nano-Inspired Broadband Photovoltaics Sheets
Abstract:This proposed Phase I SBIR program with the US Army will focus on demonstrating ultra- low dark current in flexible, high-efficiency photovoltaic cells with nano-enhanced absorbers. By extending infrared absorption, power conversion efficiencies in single-junction, nano- enhanced solar cells can potentially meet or even exceed the Shockley-Queisser limit. Novel device designs utilizing advanced band gap engineering will be employed to suppress non- radiative recombination and expose the limiting radiative component of the dark current. Light trapping structures and new nanostructured absorber designs will also be considered to maximize the creation and collection of photogenerated carriers. Flexible photovoltaic devices will be fabricated using the established full-wafer epitaxial liftoff process at MicroLink Devices. Magnolias innovative approach can be applied to the design of light- weight and flexible photovoltaic sheets capable of achieving conversion efficiencies in excess of 25% over a wide range of operating conditions.

MicroLink Devices
6457 Howard Street
Niles, IL 60714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 588-3001
Noren Pan
A13-020      Awarded: 7/19/2013
Title:Nano-Inspired Broadband Photovoltaics Sheets
Abstract:One of the major challenges currently facing the US defense forces is the requirement to meet the electricity demands of individual soldiers in a highly mobile forward operating base. In this Phase I program, we propose to develop and deliver a lightweight, high efficiency, flexible solar sheet for mobile solar applications for Army unmounted soldiers. Based on highly efficient GaAs III-V materials, the flexible solar cells will be fabricated using MicroLink’s proprietary epitaxial lift-off (ELO) technology. The performance of ELO solar cells will be further improved through the integration of innovative nano-technology-based optically functional textures within the cell structure. Nano-texturing will be incorporated within thin-film material layers typically employed as anti-reflection (AR) coatings to ensure compatibility with existing fabrication processes. This work will be performed in collaboration with TelAztec LLC. During the Phase I program, detailed theoretical modeling of the nano- patterned absorber will be performed for various nano-pattern types and material choices, and the resultant solar cell performance will be analyzed. The Phase I program will result in the demonstration of a scalable, lightweight (25%, AM1.5G), flexible solar sheet of dimensions 13 cm x 13 cm for Army unmounted soldier mobile power generation.

ADYB Engineered for life Inc.
14238 60th ave
Flushing, NY 11355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 871-2749
Olivia Graeve
A13-021      Awarded: 8/10/2013
Title:Non-linear Dynamic Energy Altering Technologies for Body Armor Applications
Abstract:The ADYB Team, with its company, ADYB Engineered for life Inc. Are the developer and producer of the high performance ceramic armor systems. These ballistic protection panels are 70% lighter in weight than steel while providing significant weight and performance advantages over currently available ceramic and composite armor technology.

TechVen Partners LLC
800 Research Parkway, Suite 100
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 239-8600
Marcus LaGrone
A13-021      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Multiple Mechanism (MULTIMECH) Body Armor
Abstract:Body armor used today is an achievement of modern science, constructed of high tensile strength, manmade fibers and ultra hard, impervious ceramics. As impressive as this armor is, however, one of the most critical areas of armor testing methodology has remained largely unchanged from its National Institute of Justice (NIJ) 0101.00 roots: back face signature (BFS). The somewhat arbitrary value of 44 mm for BFS into synthetic clay has done a reasonable job serving law enforcement, but a lower BFS would have a profound impact on improving the survivability and combat capability of military personnel. While there are many approaches for modifying the ceramic plate support material to help reduce back face signature, an alternative approach is to improve the ceramic plates forward facing support structures to defeat incoming threats. Damaging and deforming the nose of a projectileespecially important for armor piercing projectilesbefore it strikes the armor plating enables the existing ceramic technology to offer greater protection as well as a reduction in BFS. An armor system with the ability to quickly reduce the energy of an incoming projectile would have instant applicability to worn body armor.

Applied Colloids
11080 Industrial Circle NW
Elk River, MN 55330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 485-1368
Gary Pozarnsky
A13-022      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Nanotechnology Approach for Transmission Loss-of-Lubrication Survivability
Abstract:Applied Colloids proposes the utilization of its proprietary nanotechnology in order to insure continued operation of powertrain transmissions utilized in rotorcraft. This will entail the use of a nanoadditive to the transmissions of interest. These nanoadditives will coat the interacting gears with a low coefficient material that will insure operation beyond the 30 minute period specified by military standard after loss of lubricating oil, possibly much longer. This technology will be tested for feasiblity in Phase I utilizing point and line contact tribology testing techniques. Successful completion of Phase I will lead to the testing of this proposed technology with more complex gear systems in Phase II and to final use and commercialization in Phase III.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
A13-022      Awarded: 6/27/2013
Title:Improved Rotorcraft Transmission Survivability Under Loss-of Lubrication
Abstract:Loss of the primary lubrication system in the power transmission system can result in an immediate or rapid failure of the drive system of military air and ground vehicles. This proposal offers a combination of two innovative and cost-effective technologies to improve the ability of power transmissions to withstand operation under loss-of-lubrication condition for significantly longer periods of time. The goal of the Phase I program is to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technologies under real world conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Naibing Ma
A13-023      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Self-contained Wireless Electrical Health Monitoring System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for health monitoring of rotorcraft generator control units (GCUs) and main power relays, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Self-contained Wireless Electrical Health Monitoring (SWEM) system based on a new design fusing POC’s proprietary and state-of-the-art technologies. The innovation in use of ultralow-power wireless sensors, efficient power harvesting, and accurate diagnostic and prognostic algorithms, will enable the system to nonintrusively detect all failure modes of the GCU and main power relays in Army rotorcraft (e.g., AH-64A/D, CH-47, and OH-58) at 90% probability of detection with 95% confidence, as well as predict the remaining useful life with

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Mark Follett
A13-023      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:A Wireless Sensor to Monitor Generator Control Unit and Main Power Relay Health
Abstract:Sporian proposes to develop a wireless sensor suite for rotorcraft Generator Control Unit (GCU) and Main Power Relay (MPR) health monitoring. This sensor suite will monitor the GCU for changes in component characteristics (e.g. resistance of relay contacts), temperature, vibration extremes, voltage surges, and other factors that will indicate the unit is close to the end of its serviceably life. The complete data set will be logged, analyzed for prognostic and diagnostic estimations, and wirelessly transmission to maintenance personnel and/or a Health Monitoring and Usage System (HUMS) mounted on the rotorcraft. This system will also assist with Condition Based Maintenance CBM by indicating to maintenance personnel when an GCU system could fail. Phase I efforts will focus on defining the system requirements, evaluating competing system options, developing an initial design for the system, and prototyping and demonstrating critical aspects of the system in a laboratory environment on actual or representative GCU components. Sporian will work with Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratory and Titanium Mirror, Inc. on the proposed effort.

OMAX Corporation
21409-72nd Ave S
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-2300
Peter Liu
A13-024      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Effective Processes to Manufacture Advanced Combustion Liners with Shaped Film Cooling Holes for Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:OMAX proposes to develop an abrasive-waterjet (AWJ) system for drilling angled shaped holes in TBC-coated metals and engine components. Waterjet technology has technological and manufacturing merits that are unmatchable by many existing machine tools. In particular, OMAX will take advantage of patents pending advancements in micro abrasives-waterjet (ƒÝAWJ) technology supported by an ongoing NSF SBIR Phase II grant, processes for mitigating AWJ piercing damage in delicate materials, and accessories for 3D AWJ machining. These advancements are essential for the proposed development. The Phase I R&D will include both basic and optional tasks. For the basic tasks, an AWJ system will be assembled by incorporating the above advancement to demonstrate the technical feasibility of meeting the Army's requirements for drilling angled shaped holes in TBC-coated metals and engine components. The Phase I optional tasks will be carried out provided the Phase I feasibility is demonstrated. A micro JetMachining Center (ƒÝJMC) currently being developed as a part of the NSF SBIR Phase III commercialization effort, with position accuracy 5 to 10 times better than those of OMAX's two production lines of high-pressure AWJ machining systems, will be incorporated into the design of a prototype AWJ system for Phase II R&D.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick Piasecki
A13-024      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Advanced High Speed Overrunning Clutch for Rotorcraft Transmissions
Abstract:Overrunning modes will be modeled with all the spring elements in a non-CF induced field in order to analytically determine normal forces applied. Transitions, fits, tapers, outer case thickness/wall will be varied to minimize stress and wear surfaces. The specific outcome of Phase I is to use the high fidelity modeling to assist in detecting wear, heat generation zones and high stress areas in the clutch design.

Oahu Group LLC DBA Diamondhead Research
455 Anolani St
Honolulu, HI 96821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 397-3200
Robert Nakata
A13-025      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Wearable Sensor System for Monitoring Soldier Body Dynamics
Abstract:We propose to develop a prototype wearable sensor network comprising small form factor tags attached to the soldiers limbs and weapon, and a receiver array worn on the soldiers chest that provides accurate position, velocity and acceleration information that the soldier is being subjected to. Each tag is attached at various locations on the body and incorporates a Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) combined with a modulated RF position sensor similar to Doppler radar that provides Direction of Arrival (DOA) and range information from each tag to the body worn receiver array. This hybrid combination provides for a robust solution that corrects the inherent IMU drift, thus providing a highly accurate and robust kinematics measurement and tracking capability. Data is downloaded via a WiFi connection between the receiver array controller and the external remote computer displays the data on a Graphical User Interface (GUI).

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Peter Twiss
A13-025      Awarded: 8/7/2013
Title:Embedded Soldier Kinematics Acquisition and Analysis Platform
Abstract:To address the Armys need for monitoring soldier body dynamics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Embedded Soldier Kinematics Acquisition and Analysis Platform (ESKAAP). This proposed device is based on a new design supporting accurate acquisition of soldier body dynamics in a wireless, miniature (button- size), and lightweight package. The innovation in ESKAAP is a highly accurate multisensory MEMS cluster that will allow the fabrication of a nonintrusive wearable system capable of acquiring and analyzing the movements of a soldiers trunk, limbs, and equipment. As a result, ESKAAP will increase the accuracy and dramatically simplify the process of monitoring body dynamics in soldier behavior and performance of new equipment, which directly addresses the needs of the Army. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ESKAAP by designing a prototype system to answer design issues and meet requirements, as well as fabricate a prototype sensor array for measuring body kinematics. In Phase II, POC will deliver a fully implemented system that will meet and exceed the Armys requirements and can be ready for field tests for the acquisition and analysis of a soldiers body and equipment and for kinematics and kinetics, in real soldier environments.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
A13-026      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Wide Field-of-View Imaging System with Active Mitigation of Turbulence Effects for Tactical Applications
Abstract:Mitigation, correction, or cancellation of the deleterious effects of atmospheric turbulence on wide field of view (WFOV) imagery is desired to increase the efficiency and accuracy of visual tasks performed at a distance. With recent advances in optical components, coatings, microfabrication, and signal processing power, technology now exists to solve the imaging through turbulence problem with compact integrated optical instrumentation. Recently, Nanohmics scientists have developed and demonstrated a passive extended-scene, plenoptic wavefront sensor that has operational characteristics that allow it to be used as an imager simultaneously with making wavefront measurements. In fact, imaging is part of the measurement process of this sensor, and the unique and innovative features of the foundational plenoptic camera at its heart allow image processing operations that can mitigate scene distortions due to turbulence aberration. The Integrated Camera for Imaging Through Turbulence (ICITT) is constructed with a plenoptic wavefront sensor at its heart, but the measurements are not used for wavefront reconstruction or adaptive optics, but rather for correcting the measured image of the scene for turbulence-induced distortions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Parfenov
A13-026      Selected for Award
Title:Light Field Digital Aberration Corrector
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an innovative wide field-of-view imaging system with optoelectronic active mitigation of atmospheric turbulence effects for tactical scenarios, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Light Field Digital Aberration Corrector (LIFDAC). This proposed system is based on a wavefront sensor, digital image restoration algorithm, and integral parts of the sensor/imaging system. LIFDAC uses an innovative light-field approach and optimized unsymmetrical multifrontal sparse matrix inversion algorithm to solve sparse linear systems with a flexible, scalable graphic processing unit (GPU). The high-performance GPU offers a flexible programming interface for its powerful floating point hardware. LIFDAC eliminates active optics, reduces the imaging systems total weight, and shows 10x improvement in image restoration speed. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the LIFDAC concept design and detailed algorithms for image processing and evaluate its effectiveness under representative field-of- view and atmospheric turbulence conditions. The optimized performance design will be prepared for optomechanical implementation in Phase II. In Phase II, POC plans to focus on optics and electronics integration, develop a prototype with identifiable improvements in image quality, demonstrate this prototype system for its turbulence-mitigation effects, and optimize the system through algorithm refinement and electronic processing improvements.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 975-5791
Ryan Hill
A13-027      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Vehicle Spacing Determination and Display In Low Visibility Conditions
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TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6845
Sameer Hemmady
A13-027      Awarded: 6/1/2013
Title:Vehicle Spacing Determination and Display In Low Visibility Conditions
Abstract:To address PEO Ground Systems’ requirements for a low-cost system that can determine and display convoy vehicle spacing in low visibility conditions, TechFlow will adapt the capabilities of its innovative millimeter-wave coherent chaotic radar technology, currently being developed under an AMRDEC-sponsored STTR Phase-II program. TechFlow’s chaos radar technology offers several benefits over conventional pulsed doppler or frequency modulated continuous wave radar systems (which are commonly used for automotive collision mitigation), such as interference rejection and the ability for multiple chaos radar systems to operate within the same frequency band using different chaotic spreading codes, low probability of intercept/detection, multipath rejection, and increased range resolution due to the ultra broadband nature of the chaotic baseband signal. Such system attributes are critical to the successful implementation of a technology solution that can address PEO Ground Systems’ requirements. TechFlow’s fundamental research under the AMDREC-sponsored STTR program constitutes an Army-sponsored investment of nearly $850,000 which can be leveraged by PEO Ground Systems towards an accelerated A13-027 Phase-I SBIR program that will yield a risk-mitigated vehicle collision deterrence radar system prototype mature enough to be mounted on a test vehicle at the end of Phase-I.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Ryan Miyamoto
A13-028      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Advanced Spectrum Monitoring
Abstract:Oceanit proposes to develop an ASM system using a novel sigan processing technique. The proposed technique enables agile detection, location and identification of threat signals. The proposed sampling technique reduces the amount of data without impairing radar capabilities, thus enabling persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (PISR).

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A13-028      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Wideband Intelligent RF Spectrum Detection Exploitation and Monitoring
Abstract:To address the Armys need to reliably characterize the radio frequency (RF) spectrum in an area and provide the data in real time to a central control over bandwidth-limited communications channels, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wideband Intelligent RF Spectrum Detection Exploitation and Monitoring (WISDEM) system. Wideband signal collection and processing hardware enables continuous monitoring (<0.5 ms) of signals with up to 2.5 GHz instantaneous bandwidth in the 2 MHz- >6 GHz frequency band. Intelligent signal processing architecture and algorithms, capable of adapting to a dense, complex RF environment, enable high spectral data compression for transfer over band-limited datalinks, while simultaneously ensuring no loss of information. WISDEM provides real-time frequency, amplitude, bandwidth, line of bearing, and time- stamp of signals, which directly addresses the solicitation requirements for an advanced spectrum monitoring system. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WISDEM with scaled-down laboratory prototyping, identify a path to produce a rugged, survivable, field system, and estimate cost for small-run production. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a low- cost prototype receiving system for the full 2 MHz6 GHz spectral band and document the capability improvement at the Electronic Proving Ground (EPG) range.

EM Photonics, Incorporated
51 East Main Street Suite 203
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Petersen Curt
A13-029      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:A New Standard for Power-Aware Programming
Abstract:New enhancements to mobile computers including smaller sensors, displays and powerful processors have made them much more attractive for the battlefield, not only as wearable systems for soldiers, but also unattended ground sensors a warfighter can leave behind for situational awareness. Unfortunately, while the technologies for hands-free interfacing have improved greatly, the challenge of limiting power and weight still exist. The latest generation of mobile processors enables smartphones that can remain idle for days, or operate for an entire trans-continental flight under heavy-use. These advancements have mainly been achieved with low-power-by-design approaches which allow processors to consume less energy when not in use. Unfortunately, scenarios requiring persistent use, such as an unattended ground sensor or providing situational awareness to a soldier’s head- mounted display are considered “heavy-use” and the feasibility of mobile processors for extended mission times is severely diminished. In order to realize the full potential of these processors under extended mission times, the Army needs more performance-power flexibility than simply a binary in-use/not-in-use state. New hardware and software approaches are needed to enable a continuum of tunable performance-power ratios. We propose implementing an OpenMP-like library to enable software and hardware control to achieve this level of power-aware programming.

QuickFlex, Inc
8401 N. New Braunfels Suite 324
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 972-3250
Richard Ivy
A13-029      Awarded: 6/13/2013
Title:PowerDyn Real-Time Image Processing Controller
Abstract:Soldiers and Unattended Sensors can gain a significant advantage from advances in camera technology and automated image processing techniques. The processing and resource requirements to utilize these advances, however, impose an unacceptable burden in terms of power consumption and/or weight. The proposed technology addresses this deficit by the active and dynamic control of power consumption through the selective activation of system resources according to the time-varying immediate processing requirements of the active image processing algorithm(s). Thus, QuickFlex's pioneering innovation will aid our war fighters by enabling their access to valuable real-time information that is otherwise impractical. The proposed system will leverage and extend proven QuickFlex technology to dynamically manage system power consumption according to the instantaneous resource requirements of the processing algorithm in reconfigurable technologies. To maximize the benefit, the Company's proposed solution will manage the on-chip resources of the processor as well as I/O and other system resources to achieve the lowest possible power consumption while maintaining required processing throughput.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4756
Sendil Rangaswamy
A13-030      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Programmable Disassembler and Reassembler (PDR)
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes a novel state of the art Programmable Disassembler and Reassembler (PDR) system. The PDR enables utilization of unused spectral bandwidth by distributing bandwidth over multiple frequencies/paths and then reassembling at the destination with little bandwidth cost. A multilayered protection in reassembly process stops incorrectly reassembling data in the presence of noise and very high latency. The transmitting PDR Disassembler has one input at and at least four outputs at19.2 Kbps to 20 Mbps and the receiving PDR Reassembler has one output and at least four inputs with each input and output at 19.2 kbps through 20 Mbps. The PDR supports data rates lower than 75 bps and higher than 512 Mbps and is programmable to distribute between 0-100% of the input stream to any of the output streams or 100% to one channel or 100% to each channel or non-replicated uneven distribution. The Overhead in framing is maintained no more than 3% to 5% of bandwidth. The novel features will maintain output data rate equal to the input data rate disassembler even in worst case path delay in the SATCOM communication paths.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
A13-030      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Scalable Parallelized Link data Transmission Through Embedded Referencing
Abstract:To address the Army need for advanced data stream disassembly and reassembly solutions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Scalable Parallelized LInk data Transmission Through Embedded Referencing (SPLITTER) technology. SPLITTER consists of two hardware elements: a satellite side data disassembler and a ground-station- based reassembler. It is based on advanced self referencing framing techniques, metadata embedding, multilayered error correction, and intelligent data splitting. The innovative low- overhead (<3%) framing techniques guarantee accurate reassembly of data irrespective of frame arrival order and easily manage latencies >250 ms that plague existing SATCOM solutions. Integrated error-correction eliminates data replication needs and enables simplex operation. Dedicated hardware coupled with a computationally simple implementation support data rates >512 Mbps. Development risk is minimized as SPLITTER is based on existing technology developed for SPAWAR Pacific. As a result, SPLITTER directly satisfies the Army need for data disassembly/reassembly technologies. In Phase I, POC will define the system requirements and CONOPS. We will then design and develop a proof of-concept prototype and demonstrate it to the Army. In Phase II, we will fabricate the Phase I design which will be tested in accordance with Army requirements. Concurrently, our marketing team will identify transition paths for the technology.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
John Wu
A13-031      Awarded: 7/11/2013
Title:Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for Tactical Networks (DHCP-T)
Abstract:Rapid and accurate configuration and reconfiguration of the network devices provide the foundation for a robust network needed to facilitate command and ensure user access anywhere and anytime in support of mission-critical tactical operations. In this SBIR effort, the Architecture Technology Corporation (ATCorp) team proposes an innovative Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for Tactical Networks (DHCP-T) technology to address the need identified by the Army for automated network-parameter assignment to network devices in the tactical environments. The DHCP-T approach will overcome two major limitations of the current approaches: 1) need for time-consuming manual configuration of the network devices in each Mission Command system; 2) existing DHCPs inability to assign network parameters based on the mission needs. The technology will be developed to operate within the existing COTS network infrastructure, providing a cost-effective solution to rapid and accurate initialization and configuration of the network devices in the tactical environments.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Prachee Sharma
A13-031      Awarded: 7/5/2013
Title:Flexible Dynamic Initialization Product
Abstract:Improvements in dynamic address assignment protocol (DHCP) are sought for US armed forces to accommodate inclusion of Unit Reference Numbers (URNs) and additional parameters during the address assignment process. One of the most crucial enabler in integration of large scale networks including MANETs and sensors with the armed forces is ease of use and reduction in effort required to deploy, monitor and maintain the networks. Significant improvements in the usability of networks can be realized by replacing the currently used static and primarily manual address assignment approach with a more efficient automated procedure. Further improvements in usability can be obtained if networks can be tuned to respond optimally to reconfiguration commands in the deployment environment. This SBIR aims at automating the task of dynamic address allocation and maintenance. To meet the goals of this SBIR, we propose a FLexible dynamic Initialization Product (or FLIP) in this proposal. FLIP includes DHCP modifications to include URNs in the configuration process and creation of DHCP classes/ group configurations using URNs and associated attributes. A key feature of FLIP is inclusion of a web-based graphical user interface for easy DHCP configurations.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 400
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 310-9063
Chad Lafferty
A13-032      Awarded: 8/9/2013
Title:Common Software Foundation
Abstract:The objective for this effort is to design and develop a common software foundation for the Army to use in a variety of deployment environments including mobile / handheld devices, mounted units and command posts. The work to be done involves both the development of a software architecture and the implementation of common software foundation engineering tools and libraries. During Phase I of this SBIR, Veloxiti will focus on understanding the issues associated with a common software infrastructure. These issues include mission requirements, constraints imposed by the proposed architectural drivers of the COE, and opportunities afforded by increasing computational resources and bandwidth.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Jonathan Felmey
A13-032      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Common Software Foundation
Abstract:Under the Common Operating Environment (COE) the Army is executing a number of efforts targeting collapse of solutions from dozens of hardware and software foundations to a handful of Computing Environments (CEs). This is being done in order to realize cost savings through reduced redundancy and increase interoperability. Three of those CEs are the Mobile/Handheld, Mounted, and Command Post.. It is the intent of this SBIR to design (and ultimately build) a single foundation that could be utilized across those 3 environments. This single software foundation will leveraged across all 3 domains. The foundation should be flexible enough so that while a common core is utilized across the 3 domains, different user interface components, varying screen sizes, and various states of connectivity (large, limited, no bandwidth) are supported. Additionally, the solution must have an associated Software Development Kit (SDK) that 3rd party groups can leverage to develop solutions.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4258
Hui Zeng
A13-033      Awarded: 8/14/2013
Title:Smartphone-based Infrastructure-less Ranging in tactical edge networks
Abstract:Modern position and navigation systems rely heavily on the Global Positioning System (GPS). However, position information may not be accurate or available when soldiers are operating in environments where GPS is denied, degraded, or unavailable. On the other hand, Smartphones have various powerful features such as low cost, maturity, familiarity of use, and readiness for advanced commercial communication, position and navigation technologies. It is thus desirable to explore the possibility of leveraging Smartphones to assist in enhancing situation awareness in environments where GPS is not reliable. One of the primary implementation barriers is that current Smartphones require network infrastructures which are however not available in many cases in the GPS-denied environments. To address this issue, current Smartphones need to be customized to enable the ad hoc networking capability. Further, advanced RF ranging approaches are needed on customized Smartphones to achieve the high-quality ranging performance over the ad hoc network of Smartphones. In this effort, IAI propose to develop a SmartPhone-based Infrastructure-less Ranging (SPIR) scheme for tactical networks. SPIR leverages state-of- the-art technologies on Smartphone programming, communication and networking, electronics, and RF ranging. It will significantly improve the reliable situation awareness for dismounted soldiers on the battlefield.

Vesperix Corporation
1100 North Glebe Road Suite 1010
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 224-4422
Tom Wallace
A13-033      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:High Precision GSM-Compatible Ranging
Abstract:This research program develops and demonstrates a ranging method capable of GPS-like accuracy (less than 3 m RMS error) using signals compatible with GSM cellular networks. The method operates without interference with GSM service and can be implemented using standard cellular hardware components.

YumaWorks, Inc.
274 Redwood Shores Parkway #133
Redwood City, CA 94065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 716-0466
Andy Bierman
A13-034      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Tactical Network Configuration (NETCONF)
Abstract:Tactical networks are critical to soldiers' ability to communicate and access applications. The configuration and operation of network devices needs to be simple, fast, and reliable. The emerging NETCONF standard protocol can be optimized to meet the special needs of tactical networks. The goal of this research is to identify the specific gaps in the NETCONF protocol and architecture that limit its usefulness in tactical networks, explore a limited number of solution paths, and recommend a solution approach to close the gaps. Major improvements in transaction resiliency in slow and/or unstable network conditions can be achieved. Enhanced NETCONF and YANG can be used together to provide a solution platform for scalable configuration management performance in low-bandwidth networks with lots of NETCONF servers to manage. The NETCONF security model and server architecture can be enhanced to allow any component (e.g., identity management, user authentication, role-based access control) to be configurable and independent of the NETCONF server.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 577-5678
Marvin Cohen
A13-035      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Embedded Model-based Service for User In-situ Training (EMSUIT )
Abstract:This proposal is to develop an Embedded Model-based Service for User In-situ Training (EMSUIT) for enabling soldiers to rapidly learn to employ mission command applications as mission demands dictate. EMSUIT will develop methods, displays, metrics, and an application developers kit for diagnosing and remedying training deficiencies in users employing mission command applications. EMSUITs diagnostic process will provide several powerful features, such as objective, real-time assessment of user actions and the ability to immediately tailor usage hints and training based on currently assessed proficiency levels to improve immediate and long term skill acquisition.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
1670 South Amphlett Blvd. Suite 310
San Mateo, CA 94402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 902-2223
Eric Domeshek
A13-035      Awarded: 8/15/2013
Title:Task Assistance by Reusable Guidance and Embedded Tutoring (TARGET)
Abstract:Army doctrine calls for pushing decision-making to lower echelons where possible. Improving technology will allow small combat units to access and exploit battlefield systems. Yet at company and below, units lack staff that can master such systems and maintain expertise through full-time use. Thus future systems must be designed to support occasional users: systems must become easier to use and easier to learn. New technology is needed to ease integration of key capabilities into all Army systems: (1) tracking user context and activity; (2) identifying recurring usage patterns and user difficulties; (3) embedding automated guidance for common tasks; and (4) embedding adaptive training addressing common user misunderstandings and failures. We propose to develop technology for Task Assistance by Reusable Guidance and Embedded Tutoring (TARGET). During Phase I we will identify use cases and requirements; use those to drive refinement of proposed approaches to user experience capture, wizard development, training embedding, and system architecture; and design and prototype subsets of the overall vision to demonstrate feasibility. We expect to focus our analysis on use at company and below of a system such as DCGS-A. Finally, we will develop a Phase II plan to follow through on design, development, and transition.

Land Sea Air Autonomy
2300 Snydersburg Road
Westminster, MD 21157
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 261-5722
Jim Hollinger
A13-036      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Roadside Hazard Detector-LIDAR
Abstract:LSA Autonomy purposes a ground vehicle mounted LIDAR-based methodology that employs advanced sensor processing algorithms to reliably detect partially obscured objects, such as roadside hazards, beneath light and medium vegetation. Our approach leverages both sensor domain and point cloud analysis. By employing our proven sensor domain analysis techniques, we are able to accurately pre-classify laser returns at the sensors full data rate. Following the sensor domain analysis, a local world model is constructed from a temporal history of pre-classified LIDAR points. The local world model significantly improves the likelihood of penetrating obscuring foliage and accumulating detections from objects beneath the foliage. Objects that are partially obscured by clutter are identified as potential concealed hazards and reported to the user for further assessment. We leverage our existing LIDAR sensor processing framework to accelerate laser point classification and object recognition. The result is a robust and reliable detection algorithm for partially obscured roadside hazards.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Karl Kluge
A13-036      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:ROADSIDE OBSCURED OBJECT DETECTION (ROOD)
Abstract:The ability to detect IEDs is important because they pose a significant threat to ground forces, and are becoming a common tactical weapon around the world. According to the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) in its 2010 Annual Report, IEDs continued to be the main threat to coalition forces (CF) in both Afghanistan and Iraq.IEDs increased as the weapon of choice for global insurgents and terrorists with an average of more than 260 IED incidents per month outside of Afghanistan and Iraq. Device effectiveness and lethality continued to improve in diverse regions around the world. There were 12,286 IED-related casualties outside of Iraq and Afghanistan between January and November of 2011 in 111 countries. This project will design and development of algorithms to use intensity and range information generated from a LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) sensor to detect emplaced Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) concealed in roadside vegetation. A crucial constraint on potential approaches imposed by the topic definition is that the target geometries are variable and not known a-priori. The scale of the targets of interest (~30 60 cm in height) combined with the degree of occlusion by concealing vegetation (~30 70%) requires fusing information from multiple LIDAR scans taken while in motion in order to have data of sufficient density for reliable detection.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
A13-037      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:HyperVideo: Broadband, Multi- & Hyper-Spectral Agile Imager
Abstract:Present multi-/hyper-spectral imagers that function at video frame rates must sacrifice either spatial or spectral resolution in order to unwrap the scene and project the data cube onto the focal plane array. Warfighters, however, are accustomed to, and do not want to give up high-resolution video imagery for additional hyperspectral data. High-resolution video provides an intuitive picture of the scene of interest. Hyperspectral sensors provide data that must be analyzed electronically. We propose an agile sensor that produces full spatial resolution video just like a conventional camera, but at the same time, behind the scenes produces multi- or hyper-spectral data at a spectral resolution that is automatically selected based on the expected threat level in the environment. Threat detection algorithms can run in the background, in real-time, thereby providing useful target detection without interfering with the warfighter's conventional video display. Under Phase-I, we will develop several designs that we will test in the laboratory using components of existing OptoKnowledge hyperspectral sensors. We will also enhance our existing hyperspectral sensor spectro-radiometric performance model, and adapt to the concepts described in this proposal. Under the Phase-I Option, we will decide on a selected approach, conduct optical tolerance analysis, and embark on a conceptual mechanical design for a sensor to be built under Phase-II.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 748-1709
Edward Knobbe
A13-037      Awarded: 8/13/2013
Title:Compact Full-Framing Hyperspectral Sensor for On-The-Move Ground-to-Ground Applications
Abstract:Hyperspectral sensors have demonstrated the ability to provide remote sensing utility and actionable information to the warfighter. Currently deployed airborne hyperspectral platforms feature near real-time processing to generate detection products in minutes. Extending this functionality to the ground-to-ground (G2G) scenario however presents a different set of challenges including the lack of a steady forward motion for ‘pushbroom’ type scanning, a highly variable vibration environment, different SWAP-C (size, weight, power, & cost) trades, and the need for the generation of multiple processed data cubes per second with result products displayed in near real time. The proposed project team will explore the design and development of new system capabilities configured to meet the sponsor’s target objectives for a compact, full-framing HIS sensor for on-the-move ground-to-ground applications.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Michael Farry
A13-038      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS)
Abstract:Despite the increased availability of information through systems such as DCGS-A, CPOF, and efforts such as P-OIC, intelligence organizations are still plagued by inefficiencies in TCPED and analysis activitiessuch as collection gaps, collection overlaps, and missed collection opportunities. These inefficiencies result in a trend towards indiscriminately collecting any and all available information, despite guidance in the form of CCIRs. This causes information overload, an increased need for manpower for PED tasks, poor synchronization of intelligence with operations, and, ultimately, decreased mission effectiveness. These inefficiencies could be addressed through better management of intelligence requirements. Therefore, we propose to design and demonstrate Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS). Three main objectives characterize our approach. First, RECORDS provides an evolvable, rich ontology to capture both the Commanders Intent and potential COAs during the MDMP process, including the primary dimensions of the current set of missions, decision points, and related IRs. Second, RECORDS uses intuitive, easy-to-use probabilistic models to capture the dependencies between COA decision points and successful collection. Third, we will design RECORDS to reflect current, doctrinal, and optimal IR management workflows, integrating with existing and emerging capabilities in the military intelligence enterprise.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
Ronald Hartung
A13-038      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:SAVIE: Situational Awareness Visualization Intelligence Environment
Abstract:The Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) is a very manual, task-driven process that takes place in an extremely fast-paced, dynamic environment. The greatest challenge to the MDMP is the time outlay associated with gathering and generating known data, at the expense of a commanders decision-making timeline. Based on SME recommendations from an Army Intelligence Officer, we propose the creation of a Situational Awareness Visualization Intelligence Environment (SAVIE) to address this problem. SAVIE will be a thin client, web based, Distributed Common Ground System Army (DCGS-A) backed information environment that will significantly lessen the duration of the MDMP and provide a commander with more flexibility in the decision making cycle. Through SAVIE Ozone widgets, a commander will be able to visualize decision points, see what information is feeding them, and predict when a decision will have to be rendered based on the information required to make that decision. SAVIE will allow the commander and staff to be aware of the same information simultaneously, reducing the need for manual staff updates that take time and introduce errors. This allows the commander to shorten the decision-making timeline for acting against an enemy force, and improve the quality of his decision making.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A13-039      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Predistortion-based Amplifier Linearization Module
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an amplifier linearization module, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Predistortion-based Amplifier Linearization Module (PALM). It is based on a POC developed nonlinearity compensation methodology, with additional innovation in the system design that allows PALM to automatically adjust to changes in the nonlinear response of the amplifier. PALM is easily incorporated with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) power amplifiers via a standard analog RF connection. In addition, this system offers over 30 dB suppression of harmonic and intermodulation distortion, 2.5 GHz instantaneous bandwidth in the 1 MHz to 3 GHz frequency band, and compatibility with amplifiers with over 250 W output power. In Phase I, POC will develop hardware and software prototypes, and evaluate their performance with COTS power amplifiers to determine the technical feasibility of PALM to reduce amplifier-related distortion. A high-level development plan for a robust prototype system to be developed in Phase II will be outlined, and expected performance will be estimated. In Phase II, POC plans to develop this prototype system and demonstrate, at a location to be determined by the government, the ability to remove and/or improve the spurs present in the output of the amplifier.

Trident Systems Inc.
10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 267-2306
Jim Hopkins
A13-039      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Amplifier Linearization Module
Abstract:Power amplifiers are of crucial importance to the tactical utility of a variety of RF systems. Keeping power amplifiers efficient requires running those amplifiers at or near their saturation point which causes non-linear operation. Non-linear operation causes distortion, unwanted interference and degradation of the communications signal. Reducing the input drive to meet linearity results in decreased efficiency and therefore wasted energy causing increased heat, larger heat sinks, added weight, size and additional power. A unique solution to this problem for properly designed power amplifiers is to use linearizers that linearize the input and therefore deliver a more linear output so that the amplifier can be driven harder and therefore be more efficient. There are many methods used to linearize a signal, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. In this SBIR, Trident proposes to design an automatic linearizer that can be used for a variety of different power amplifiers. The system will provide the capability to adjust input levels to a power amplifier in order to carefully control its operating point while linearizing this signal to improve the overall linearity for a variety of different gain amplifiers.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 201
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Richard Martin
A13-040      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Electro-Optically Guided Radar Imaging
Abstract:Millimeter-wave RADAR imaging holds significant promise for many applications from rotorcraft DVE mitigation to standoff security screening. A key challenge of this imaging modality, however, has been the implementation of an effective method for creating an image without relying on either mechanical scanning or expensive, high SWAP phased array techniques. Herein, we present a concept for creating a phased array RADAR system based on optical excitation and readout of conformal antenna arrays. This work builds heavily on an operational passive millimeter-wave imager designed for rotorcraft DVE mitigation that utilizes optical upconversion to sample a distributed antenna array and a demonstrated distributed transmit array that utilizes photonic techniques for the generation and phasing of millimeter-wave signals across the array. Under the proposed effort, PSI will adapt these technologies to create an all optically addressed conformal RADAR transceiver with capabilities for high speed electronically scanned image formation. Key aspects of this effort will include the development of optical sampling techniques for range binning information and phasing algorithms to maximize information gathering capabilities of the imaging RADAR.

Phoebus Optoelectronics LLC
12 Desbrosses Street
New York, NY 10013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 703-4647
Roman Akmechet
A13-040      Awarded: 7/15/2013
Title:Electro-Optically Guided Radar Imaging
Abstract:We propose a meta-surface consisting of a periodic array of metal-like patches that will allow focusing and steering a radiation beam in the millimeter frequency range. The direction of the beam will be controlled by controlling the phase change acquired by the beam as it is transmitted through this metasurface. The phase change at the surface is controlled by the shape and capacitance of metallic features on the surface. Two approaches will be investigated that will allow for active tuning of the steering. One approach will be to actively tune with an applied electrical bias using varactors and transmitarrays, the second approach will use a type of dynamic lithography that produces electric charge concentrations on surfaces that act as metal structures and that is fully tunable in an active way. The proposed structures will allow for miniaturization to reduce the form factor to allow for a hand-held device, and will eliminate detuning effects due to temperature fluctuations in the device.

Adaptive Dynamics, Inc
11829 La Colina Rd.
San Diego, CA 92131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 598-4234
Brandon Zeidler
A13-041      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Signal Recognition and Management Band Pass Filter (BPF) Devices
Abstract:Adaptive Dynamics, Inc. (ADI) has developed the MAGIC(TM) (Multiple Adaptive Generalized Interference Cancellation) Filter, a revolutionary interference mitigation technology that offers these specific advantages for both in band signal separation and out of band signal rejection: * It has demonstrated successful mitigation of multiple interference types (continuous wave (CW), swept tone, random FM, frequency hopped, etc.) to J/S levels exceeding 50 dB and provides out-of-band rejection greater than 70 dB. * The core algorithm is very well developed, and it is currently being applied to both narrow- band (5/25 KHz UHF MILSATCOM) and wideband (GPS, MUOS WCDMA, L-band FHSS) signals. * It is entirely a digital signal processing solution intended to function with a single antenna. * Its computing requirements are readily achieved with commodity COTS components suita- ble for the SWaP constraints. * It can be applied successfully as a low-cost retrofit filter module installed between the antenna and the radio. The Phase I project will conclude with a live demonstration using COTS hardware and our UHF SATCOM prototype.

TeraSys Technologies LLC
1001 Bishop Street Suite 950
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 753-0444
Taufiqul Kazi
A13-041      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Signal Isolation w/ Frequency Tuning Filter (SIFTer)
Abstract:The Signal Isolation w/ Frequency Tuning Filter, or SIFTer, is a technique for protecting a wide variety of EW and C4ISR receivers from the effects of unintentional (friendly) and intentional (enemy) jamming and interference. SIFTer is capable of rejecting broadband and narrowband interference without the requirement for a reference sample of the interference source.

Actoprobe LLC
801 University, SE, Suite 100
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 272-7176
Alexander A. Ukhanov
A13-042      Awarded: 8/9/2013
Title:Improved performance of small pixel infrared detector focal plane arrays via in situ mesa sidewall characterization.
Abstract:Advanced infrared imaging (night vision) equipment forms a critical component of the US military's tactical capabilities. The development of new third-generation, multi-wavelength infrared focal-plane arrays (FPAs) promises to enhance the superiority of the US military by providing improved target discrimination and identification, along with enhanced resolution. These developments require the use of new materials technologies for detector fabrication, such as type-II strained-layer superlattice detectors. A major obstacle to realizing the full performance advantage of these new materials is the need to passivate pixel side-walls for the suppression of defect-induced dark currents and associated noise. Existing characterization techniques are insufficient to gain important information on side- wall morphology and chemistry to rapidly assess passivation techniques for effectiveness and reliability. Therefore, ACTOPROBE LLC seeks funding to develop an innovative, combined atomic-force/tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy instrument for this type of characterization, making use of advanced, specially fabricated scanning probes that can probe steep side-walls (>80 deg.) within confined trenches (10 micron depth). Prototypes of the probes have been fabricated and are currently being tested. This new instrument will enable high-resolution, non-destructive chemical and morphological analysis, as well as electrical measurements (capacitance voltage profiling), thereby providing timely feedback to optimize detector passivation and processing.

QmagiQ, LLC
22 Cotton Road Unit H, Suite 180
Nashua, NH 03063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Mani Sundaram
A13-042      Awarded: 6/27/2013
Title:A technique to measure the electric charge on the mesa sidewalls of small infrared detector pixels
Abstract:We propose a simple and elegant technique to directly measure the electric charge on the surfaces of small pixels of III-V and II-VI infrared detectors. Such charges arise from minority-carrier inversion or majority-carrier accumulation layers caused by surface states and exist as 2-dimensional electron or hole gases on the mesa sidewalls. They cause surface current leakage down the sidewalls that dominate the dark current in small pixels. Quantifying the effect of different passivation techniques on surface electric charge is crucial to minimizing sidewall leakage current. In Phase I, we will develop and demonstrate the viability of our measurement technique. In Phase II, we will develop an instrument and study a variety of passivation techniques with the goal of eliminating sidewall leakage in small pixels of Type-II InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattice photodiodes.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
Bhanumathi Chelluri
A13-043      Selected for Award
Title:High tap density and efficient aerosolization of anisotropic particles using dynamic methods
Abstract:Fine particles are widely used in several DOD and commercial applications such as in obscurant materials for defense uses, pharmaceutical purposes, environmental and agricultural industries. Many of these applications require use of high aspect ratio anisotropic particles and their aerosolization - to obtain efficient extinction coefficients to obscure infrared detection, for efficient pharmaceutical drug delivery or to attain uniform pesticide/fertilizer sprayings in agriculture. Current developments in nano particle production methods enable precisely engineered particles with nanometer level control over their size and shape. However, the orderly packing of these constituents with high tap density and subsequent dissemination to obtain high yield aerosolized particles remains a challenge. The packing and dissemination are inter-related problems, since high packing density of fine particles creates aggregates that produce insufficient aerosolization. The proposed project addresses modifications of high aspect ratio particles by dry coating with nano fumed silica powders to reduce Van der Waals forces and agglomeration along with novel tap and dynamic fill methods to yield high tap density (> 40%) in a condition that can be easily disseminated to obtain maximum aerosolization efficiency.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
John D. Lennhoff
A13-043      Awarded: 9/10/2013
Title:Ordered Packing and Efficient Aerosolization of Anisotropic Particles
Abstract:The Army needs a process for the efficient packing and dissemination of nano and micro- sized disc or fiber based obscurants for the Warfighter to take full advantage of their superior optical properties. Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) will demonstrate a process for anisotropic obscurant particle alignment, chemical modification and compaction to provide for a highly efficient dissemination yielding enhanced Figure of Merit. During a Phase I program PSI will optimize simple process steps and tailor the chemical additive to enable enhanced dissemination. During the Phase I effort we will focus on the alignment, packing and dissemination of micro- and nano- fiber obscurants. We will include a chemical additive that will provide inter particle micro-turbulence during dissemination to enhance extinction and Figure of Merit. During the Phase I Option PSI will demonstrate enhanced dissemination of obscurant particles with a disc morphology. Prof. Chuck Bruce at New Mexico State University will assist with dissemination gas dynamics and obscurant particle characterization. Capco, Inc. will provide burster dissemination characterization technology for the PSI packaged anisotropic obscurants. The Phase II program will provide scale-up of the obscurant processing and expand the grenade testing.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2515
Billyde Brown
A13-044      Selected for Award
Title:Hollow Metal Nanoparticles for Advanced Obscurants
Abstract:Luna and Duke University are collaborating to develop a simple, low-cost, and large-scale synthesis approach for hollow metallic nanoparticles (HMNPs) of various geometries as advanced obscurants for military applications. Duke has extensive expertise with the design, fabrication, and optical characterization of biocompatible nanostructures with strong surface Plasmon resonance. Luna has extensive experience with nanomaterial synthesis, characterization as well as the scale-up and manufacturing of zero and one-dimensional hollow nanostructures to kilogram-scale quantities. For instance, an MRL (Manufacturing Readiness Level) was certified at 8 (out of 10) by Air Force and General Dynamics for Lunas synthesis of hollow carbon spheres and nanotubes. In Phase I, the Luna-Duke team will strategically design and synthesize HMNPs of various shapes, sizes, aspect ratio (AR), and/or shell thicknesses for strong and tunable absorption of EM radiation across targeted wavelengths (primarily visible and NIR regions). The Luna-Duke team will use a dual theoretical and experimental approach by employing COMSOL finite element method (FEM) software for HMNP design/modeling and wet chemistry using nanotemplates for HMNP synthesis, respectively. Further NanoComposix Inc., with extensive experience in manufacturing, processing, drying, and characterizing the physical, chemical and optical properties of aerosolized nanomaterials, will perform comprehensive testing of aerosolized obscurant powders.

Nano Terra, Inc
50 Soldiers Field Place
Brighton, MA 02135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Joseph McLellan
A13-044      Selected for Award
Title:Development of advanced obscurant materials based on shape-controlled synthesis of hollow metallic nanoparticles
Abstract:Obscurant materials are utilized by the DOD for personal and asset protection in a variety of applications and at wavelengths that range from the ultraviolet to the infrared regions of the spectrum. Recent advances in metallic nanoparticle syntheses have resulted in approaches that provide exquisite control over particle size, shape, and composition. The driving force for developing these shape-controlled syntheses has been the unique optical properties that metallic nanoparticles exhibit. The unique optical properties of these particles are largely due to a phenomenon known as localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which results in selective absorption or scattering at wavelengths ranging from the ultraviolet to infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Shape controlled synthetic approaches have been demonstrated for the fabrication of plasmonic nanoparticles with anisotropic shapes or hollow compositions that may make them particularly well-suited for use as obscurants with enhanced extinction efficiencies and provide longer areal retention times over solid obscurants. The objective of this study will be to design and demonstrate low cost plasmonic particles with improved properties over current obscurants. Nano Terra will develop obscurant materials that are tailored to provide high extinction efficiencies in the visible (0.4- 0.7 m), mid- (3-5 m) and long-infrared (8-12 m) bands.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Leslie Au
A13-044      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Metallic Nanostructures for Visible and Infrared Obscurants
Abstract:Oceanit proposes to synthesize metallic nanostructures that will exhibit strong localized surface plasmon resonance for visibile and infrared screening application. The optical properties will be characterized and compared to the current state-of-the-art technology. The proposed approach will be scalable and cost effective. Oceanits prior experience in designing and fabricating metal nanomaterials will be critical in the success of the proposed effort.

NOVATIO Engineering, Inc
7 A St
Belmont, MA 02478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 440-4410
Mimmo Elia
A13-045      Awarded: 6/21/2013
Title:Battle Fuel Conditioner (BFC) for Commercial Gas Appliances in Field Kitchens
Abstract:Proposed here is an approach to modify the fuel supply line to existing commercial appliances to allow them to operate on JP-8 fuel, using a JP-8 “blue flame technology”, based on a patented fuel conditioner that has been shown to produce a clean, highly efficient combustion process from JP-8. Our approach features a key technology enabling the rapid, efficient production of aerosolized and gaseous JP-8-derived products with little or no loss in fueling value and thus the potential to operate at efficiencies in the 90%+ range. Due to its compact size, this novel technology can be integrated within a commercial appliance designed for propane or natural gas with minimal modifications to the appliance and its operating characteristics.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Paul Fazziono
A13-045      Awarded: 6/21/2013
Title:Multi-fuel Solution for Commercial Cooking Appliances in Battlefield Kitchens
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) will develop a compact, flexible and efficient Battle Fuel Conditioner (BFC) add-on module that will enable a full range of commercial gas cooking appliances to operate normally and reliably using JP-8 or other liquid fuels, LNG or conventional compressed gaseous fuels. The BFC will be controllable, modular, robust, and meet Army and other DoD field needs including for field use, maintainability and modular integration into kitchen systems. The key to this device is a compact reformer design which has been tested in both military and commercial applications. In this Phase I effort we will develop and demonstrate a compact, appliance-independent, add-on design suitable for integration with multiple commercial gas appliances. This system will include full balance of plant (pumps, blowers, etc.) and control algorithms required for seamless integration with commercial appliances. Phase I Option work will include environmental testing and further integration demonstration. Phase II work will produce a prototype suitable for testing in a field environment to ensure the product effectively addresses the Warfighters’ needs such as for use in the Battlefield Kitchen.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Naumov
A13-046      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:Ambient Energy Conversion System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a self-replenishing power technology for protective eyewear with active lenses, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Ambient Energy Conversion (AEC) system, which is based on integration of three energy harvesting sources: a photovoltaic structure, a thermoelectric generator, and a 3D motion energy harvester. Operation of these sources is supervised by a miniature power management unit. All components are integrated into the eyewear platform. The innovative photovoltaic structure is an inherent component of the eyewear lens and converts light energy in the ultraviolet and infrared spectra into electric power, preserving >90% of visible light transmission. The thermoelectric generator and 3D motion energy harvester replenish eyewear power both day and night. Therefore, this AEC system offers over 72 hr of operation with electrochromic-based protective eyewear, or over 300 days using POC's liquid crystal lenses, without external charge, while weighing

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
A13-046      Awarded: 7/1/2013
Title:Ambient Energy Harvesting for Variable Transmission Goggles (1001-946)
Abstract:Our team, which includes a current supplier of protective eyewear for the US military, proposes to develop an energy harvesting technology for self-powered variable-transmission eyewear. This technology will harvest from several different ambient energy sources, for powering both the variable transmission eyewear as well as additional future power needs. The capability will be demonstrated using variable transmission technology developed by Triton.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Waheguru Singh
A13-047      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Next Generation Green Textiles for LCADS Parachutes with Triggered Degradation Mechanisms
Abstract:In remote locations that are inaccessible by vehicles due to rugged terrain or high security risks, supplies are delivered via Low Cost Aerial Delivery Systems (LCADS). LCADS parachutes, which account for 99% of operational airdrop, are made out of a polypropylene material and are one-time-use. However, due to their single-use nature, after the supplies are recovered from the drop zone, parachutes are disposed of by burning them in a pit dug directly on the drop zone. This creates two problems: burning of the low cost polypropylene material releases toxic byproducts, which is a health hazard to the warfighters, and; the volume of drops performed generates a significant manpower burden towards parachute disposal. This proposal aims to develop a promising and attractive technology that will potentially solve both of the above identified problems. Next generation natural fiber derived parachute fabrics are proposed herein bestowed with trigger controlled enhanced degradation mechanisms. Developed materials will eliminate parachute combustion-derived health risks, provide a green, low cost alternative and potentially cause a significant decrease in the required manpower for parachute disposal. Plant-based or biodegradable materials will be used exclusively using simple, green, scalable and robust chemistries that can easily be transitioned into large scale manufacturing.

Tex Tech Industries Inc.
105 North Main St PO Box 8
North Monmouth, ME 04265
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 933-9205
David Erb
A13-047      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Novel Textile for Use on Low Cost Parachutes Employing Trigger Technology to Rapidly Degrade
Abstract:Parachutes are a vital technology for moving equipment, ammunition, and other supplies to the battlefield. Cargo parachutes are used to drop military equipment and supplies from aircraft. The U.S. Army currently uses Low Cost Aerial Delivery Systems (LCADS) parachutes for 99% of operational airdrops . These parachutes are made out of a low cost polypropylene material and are considered one-time-use. The ability to quickly and easily dispose of the parachutes in a less toxic manner will be a significant benefit to the parachute users. Wizbe Innovations, Tex Tech Industries, Pioneer Aerospace, and Transcome Industries will work together to develop and produce a parachute fabric that can be disposed of in an environmentally safe manner.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1669
Jessica Domino
A13-048      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Insect Resistant Textiles for Military Clothing
Abstract:There is a need for a durable, non-toxic textile that is protective against vector-borne diseases, effective after repeating wear and laundering, and compatible with current / future military uniforms. The insect resistant textile is also expected to have no detrimental effect on the physical properties of the textile fabric. Luna, teamed with North Carolina State University (NCSU), is addressing the Army’s need to develop insect resistant uniforms that will provide a physical barrier to the penetration of an insect proboscis. This proposed program with build upon our team’s ongoing efforts in this area to evaluate the physical properties required for these fabrics to prevent insect bites, as well as provide the flexibility and breathability with the physical and thermal comfort for our war fighters. This development will build on existing technology and processing methods to ensure the above properties are attained as well as mechanical durability, launderability, and low cost.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Waheguru Singh
A13-048      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Novel Pyroelectric Coatings to Provide Insect Resistant Textiles
Abstract:Military personnel are often deployed to areas where they are at risk from insect-borne diseases such as malaria, scrub typhus, leishmaniasis, and Lyme disease. To protect against insect-borne disease, the U.S. military has formulated clothing impregnated with permethrin, a chemical insecticide effective against multiple arthropod disease vectors, including mosquitoes. However, alternatives to permethrin are sought. Permethrin is toxic to humans and to wildlife, insects are increasingly resistant to its effects and the procedures by which it is applied are burdensome to personnel in the field. This proposal describes a novel approach to the formation of insect repellant clothing. Instead of using a chemical insecticide, textiles surfaces are modified to have unique physical properties to deter insect contact with the clothing, thereby minimizing the risk of bites or stings. The proposed protective surface finish can be factory-applied as a post treatment, with applicability to most military garment types. Minimal changes to the fabric’s weight, wear resistance and breathability/comfort are expected. The protective surface finish does not present any health hazard and no harmful chemicals are released into the environment. Proof-of-concept studies will be performed on surface modified fabric swatches with subsequent assessment by in vivo assay.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
6900 K Ave
Plano, TX 75074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 747-0707
Bill Nordhaus
A13-049      Awarded: 7/10/2013
Title:Innovative Technologies for Miniaturized Affordable Battlefield Hardened Proximity Sensor
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will define the requirements and the development plan for a broadband monolithic microwave transceiver integrated circuit which will enable the production of the next generation of precision end-game proximity sensors suitable for deployment on low-cost high-volume precision Army weapons. The objective of this SBIR effort is to integrate proven pulse-Doppler proximity sensor technology into a form factor that is suitable for deployment on low-cost high-volume precision Army weapons. This architecture leverages the flexibility of wideband RF circuits and digital signal processing to mitigate the problem of operating an RF proximity sensor in an EMI dense environment. The key innovations for the proposed effort: (1) Partitioning the digital and RF functions to leverage the use of COTS signal processing integrated circuits. (2) Maximizing the bandwidth of the RF subsection so as not to constrain the selection of an application specific operational or signal bandwidth. (3) Maintaining generic functionality in the signal generation capabilities of the RF subsystem so that software programmable waveforms can be generated in the digital subsystem. (4) Implementing common industry standard interfaces to facilitate easy integration (Plug & Play).

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 535-2176
Michael Johnson
A13-049      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Innovative Technologies for Miniaturized Affordable Battlefield Hardened Proximity Sensor
Abstract:Phase IV systems has worked on a variety of radar systems that have relied on Doppler processing to perform their function. Recently this approach has been applied to radar fuzes and seekers meant for missile applications. This work has made various commonalities apparent and opened the door to the development of a common processing architecture that would allow for these powerful techniques to be available to miniature sensors needed for artillery type fuzing applications. In addition to powerful digital processing capabilities new concepts in antenna reconfiguration to perform spatial processing have recently shown promise and will enhance multifunction next generation applications. It is the expectation that this effort would focus on two areas with four major tasks: 1) The generalization of the Doppler processing for use with existing FMCW or Bi-Phase coded radar waveforms. 2) Adaptive antenna feed networks. 3) Sample implementation of the generalized processor to evaluate ASIC and commodity processor trade. 4) An example fuze design similar to a M782 form factor will be developed that shows compatibility of the chosen new processor and with existing components. During the option phase a demonstration would be performed using existing electronics with the enhanced antenna switching network.

Keystone Automation
201 Clark Road
Duryea, PA 18642
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 602-4200
Guy Roszel
A13-050      Awarded: 7/10/2013
Title:Miniature Actuator Controls for 40mm Guided and Surveillance Projectiles
Abstract:The objective of this project is to design and develop an innovative miniature actuation system for use in a 40mm guided, extended flight, surveillance projectile. Included in the design will be a miniature control and actuation system, an on-board surveillance system, and an on- board autopilot system to control the projectile autonomously. All components will be tested to withstand gun launch parameters of 4,000 psi, and 22,000 g’s. This effort will utilize economical and innovative approaches to achieve the proper control authority including but not limited to, collapsible air foils, miniaturized actuated control surfaces, and folding props coupled to a miniature brushless motor. There is a need for a rapidly deployable, extended range, surveillance projectile for use on the battlefield to allow the war-fighter to locate and engage targets at extended ranges in potentially dangerous environments. Furthermore, the rapid deployment and ease of use will make it a candidate in any scenario where aerial surveillance is needed such as law enforcement, wilderness rescue operations, or natural disaster response. This solution will provide a portable, low cost alternative to full scale aerial reconnaissance vehicles.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Matthew Birch
A13-050      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Miniature Canard – Control Actuation System (MC-CAS) for Low Velocity 40mm Gun Launched Projectiles
Abstract:There exists a need to improve the lethality of the warfighter at the squad level in addition to improving the warfighter’s capabilities for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR). Orbital Research proposes to design an innovative Miniature Canard-Control Actuation System (MC-CAS) capable of extending the range of 40mm projectiles to 1000m. In addition to this, Orbital Research will also design and develop a low- cost surveillance system capable of capturing images through an electro-optical or infrared (EO/IR) camera system. During the Phase I program, Orbital will perform preliminary aero analysis on the 40mm projectile integrated with the MC-CAS, design the various subsystems, perform structural analysis to ensure the various subsystems survive gun launch loads and develop GNC algorithms for an autopilot and man-in-the loop system. During the Phase I option, Orbital will perform static wind tunnel tests to more accurately quantify the performance of the 40mm projectile platform along and finally develop a hardware integration plan highlighting the key components to be considered at a system level capable of sustaining high-g loads of setback, set forward, balloting, low cost, long shelf life and extreme operating conditions.

Lithiumstart LLC
1083 Vine St Ste 312
Healdsburg, CA 95448
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 803-1178
Thomas Cook
A13-051      Selected for Award
Title:Intelligent Charge Control System w/Anti-Idle to Minimize Fuel Consumption
Abstract:The US Army is working to acquire intelligent anti-idle and charge control technology for ground vehicles. Such features can be implemented in a power management controller using rule based software algorithms to enable increased fuel efficiency. The power management controller will intelligently network the vehicles alternator, engine control unit, and battery management system. Existing solutions from commercial vehicle platforms lack the requisite features for military usage and flexibility needed for integration in a wide variety of ground combat and other support vehicles. The technical challenges for developing a suitable power management controller require innovative approaches to accurately estimate lead acid battery state of charge, and ensure critical electrical subsystems are continuously available even during engine restart after a long silent watch mission. In Phase 1, Lithiumstart proposes to address key elements of risk by testing the technical feasibility of two key innovations. If successful, Phase 2 will focus on issues of practicality by building and demonstrating a power management controller in live field tests on a suitable military ground vehicle.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0673
Murat Yasar
A13-051      Awarded: 8/20/2013
Title:Intelligent Charge Control System w/Anti-Idle to Minimize Fuel Consumption
Abstract:Fuel is the second-highest battlefield throughput commodity behind water. In fact, ~65% of the fuel consumed in the theatre is for fuel transportation to the battlefield. To improve the fuel consumption and the quantity of forward-deployed fuel, Techno-Sciences, Inc. (TSi) proposes innovative, open architecture software that implements optimal hybrid control algorithms for intelligent power management of ground combat vehicles with anti-idling technology (Hybrid Intelligent Power Controller HIPCo). HIPCo will target the no-idle requirements, while increasing battery life and improving fleet efficiency. HIPCo will also reduce fuel consumption by at least 10%. In the battlefield, another advantage of HIPCo will be during silent watch by reducing exhaust emissions, noise and thermal signatures.

Allied Forces Solutions
2525 Rocky Branch Rd
Vienna, VA 22181
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 855-1897
Dennis L. Bergin
A13-052      Selected for Award
Title:Modeling of Complex Environment for Unmanned Ground Vehicles Performance Evaluations
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to advance the current simulation environment for modeling wireless communication networks used for supervised autonomy of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs). The proposed work includes conducting research and designing a model of a complex environment including different building materials and weather conditions that can be used to further evaluate existing radio, waveform and antenna models for tele- operation of UGVs in different environments, including rural and urban terrains. The ability to measure and evaluate signal strength for tele-operation in a building clearing scenario will be developed. The complex environment will also support analysis for the placement of repeaters within and around the buildings.

Scalable Network Technologies Inc
6100 Center Drive #1250
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-3318
Sheetal Doshi
A13-052      Selected for Award
Title:Modeling of Complex Environment for Unmanned Ground Vehicles Performance Evaluations
Abstract:State-of-the-art UGV deployments require teleoperation over a radio communication network to perform their mission function. It is imperative that these radio networks operate predictably in challenging RF propagation environments that may include signal degradation effects from attenuation due to buildings , terrain, presence of particulate matter in the environment such as smoke, rubble, and natural weather effects such as rain and precipitation. Field testing of different radios, antennas, and waveforms in such complex environments can be very expensive and somewhat inconclusive. Existing network simulators and emulators that represent the communication network stack with high fidelity do not represent building and weather related effects with equivalent fidelity. To address the above- mentioned gap, the research team from Scalable Network Technologies and NetwoRCSim proposes to develop CREPE: A Complex Real-time Environment for Performance Evaluation for UGV performance evaluation that provides a high fidelity representation of the UGV radio network stacks as well as complex RF effects due to building materials, structures, and weather effects. CREPE can be connected via hardware-in-the-loop to live sensors and teleoperations sources to provide the mission network planner an accurate assessment of teleoperations performance on selected UGV network architectures operating in a complex RF challenging environments.

Epsilon Lambda Electronics Corp.
396 Fenton Lane Suite 601
West Chicago, IL 60185
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 293-7118
Robert M. Knox
A13-053      Awarded: 8/7/2013
Title:High Bandwidth, Compact, Wireless, Millimeter Wave Intra-Missile Datalink
Abstract:The US Army Joint Attack Munitions Systems Program Management Office (JAMS PMO) has, under topic A13-053, presented the following objective: Develop a prototype high bandwidth (>2GB/s) millimeter wave two way data link for intra-missile communications. Proposed herein is a High Bandwidth, Compact, Wireless, Millimeter Wave Intra-Missile Data Link that (1)Has bandwidth >2 Gb/s. (2) Meets reduced SWaP goals, with size at 2.8X2.4X0.20 in (for three channels), weight of 100gm, and power of <2W. These factors provide the SWaP required to fit in a tactical missile with a seven inch diameter. The transmitter will be capable of being mounted on the gimbaled sensor platform. (3) Allows for imprecise alignment, to limit error rate, and (4) Is low cost, utilizing COTS components and open network protocol.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Vladimir Esterkin
A13-053      Awarded: 8/13/2013
Title:Highly Adaptive Millimeter Wave Transceiver System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Armys need for high-bandwidth, compact, wireless, millimeter-wave intra-missile datalink, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel, Highly Adaptive Millimeter WavE (HAMWE) transceiver system that can communicate data rates over 2 Gbps in crowded multipath intra-missile environment. This short-range communication system, built on a unique integration of industry-leading millimeter wave (~60 GHz) integrated circuits and application-specific adaptive beamforming algorithms dynamically controlling an ultra-wide band directional 3D fractal antenna array, provides uninterrupted, duplex, low-BER non-line-of-sight communication channels, free of any mechanically steered and moving components. The innovative HAMWE system will be a miniature system-in-package (SiP) ruggedized device with integrated micro wafer level chip scale circuits, mounted on a ceramic powder-filled and woven microfiberglass-reinforced PTFE composite microwave substrate. In Phase I, POC will develop a TRL-3 board-level transceiver prototype embedded into a 7 in. tube, resembling the original Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM), to demonstrate in-hardware feasibility. Simulation results and hardware testing will lead to a final paper design of the link to be developed in Phase II. We anticipate that at the end of Phase II, the SiP HAMWE prototype will reach TRL-5 and be ready for initial testing at the JAMS PMO.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-2225
Doug Fitzpatrick
A13-053      Awarded: 7/25/2013
Title:High Bandwidth, Compact, Wireless, Millimeter Wave Intra-Missile Datalink
Abstract:TSC is developing a intra-missile datalink that allows for high bandwidth (>2Gb/s) multi- mode, missile sensor data to be passed to the sensor data processor to minimize the use of cabling. This removes the issues caused by the cabling, such as integration time, cable volume and weight and gimbal sticktion. The developed concept will be ruggedized for missile applications and designed with low size, weight and power (SWAP). The datalink will offer full duplex operation with no need for alignment or line-of-site between the transceivers. TSC is partnered with Dynetics to leverage our complementary expertise and experience to produce a viable solution and transition it into a fielded system. TSC and Dynetics both have a long history of developing and fielding RF, microwave and millimeter wave electronics and datalinks for rockets and missiles that meet the stringent temperature, mechanical shock, vibration requirements of these platforms.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Michael Eidell
A13-054      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Advanced Warhead Design
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer comprehensive computational analysis, experimental testing, and design of an advanced warhead. The objective is to design a warhead capable of overpressure defeat of point detonating fuses in rocket, artillery, and mortar (RAM) targets. A successful Phase I will utilize Corvids vast experience with high-fidelity computational physics to select an appropriate explosive, determine the best shape for the high explosive (HE) fill, and assess the effects of closing velocity on the designs performance.

Enig Associates, Inc.
4600 East West Hwy Suite 620
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 680-8600
Fred I. Grace
A13-054      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Advanced Electromagnetic Warhead for C-RAM
Abstract:This research considers combinations of emerging technologies to provide an advanced warhead to be used in a C-RAM role. The warhead is used as a counter measure to attack and detonate incoming mortar rounds at safe distance from friendly troops. The warhead produces enhanced blast waves of such level that incapacitates the mortar during its flight. Highly energetic blast waves are generated from highly developed electromagnetic explosive devices called flux compression generators (FCG). These generators have been developed in form factors suitable for any contemplated C-RAM weapon that would be used to engage unfriendly munitions. FCGs produce tens of mega-amps of electrical current and very high corresponding magnetic fields that can be applied to several mechanisms to create enhanced blast-wave characteristics . One mechanism involves use of electrical current applied to the reaction zone of detonating high explosives to increase detonation velocity and pressure. A second mechanism creates near volumetric ignition of reactive materials for microsecond release of energy. The combined effects result in far greater energy, pressure, and impulse transmitted into the air about the device. The research addresses application of the mechanisms, optimization, and design of an integrated warhead for C-RAM application. Large-scale shock wave physics codes as well as FCG circuit solver codes will be used during the analysis and design exercises. Follow-on efforts will provide testing of concepts and proof of principle warhead demonstrations. Results will provide an advanced C-RAM warhead for Army use. Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control is a team member and experimentalist on the effort.

EAST WEST ENTERPRISES INC.,
Suite 228 555 Sparkman Dr
HUNTSVILLE, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 379-4802
Augustus H Green Jr
A13-055      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Advanced Waveform Design and Signal Processing
Abstract:A novel signal/waveform model and signal processing algorithm suite that enhances radar systems performance, in the presence of noise and high clutter environments, and its associated discrimination capabilities is proposed. The algorithm allows for extraction of target information in range, azimuth and elevation angles while achieving very fine resolution and high accuracy. Target information at the output of the radars signal processor is obtained by separating nonlinearities between time, azimuth and elevation angles, and target height. An antennas field of view covered by the antenna beam is divided into a number of resolution cells each centered on a reference point. The analysis is for one resolution cell. The number of fine resolution cells leads to substantial reduction in clutter. Initial results, are shown to demonstrate at least an order of magnitude improvement in resolution with respect to classical radar processing. The new algorithm suite is independent of waveform design and will require, at most, only minimal changes to any current radar signal and data processing hardware or software.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3402
E. Jeff Holder
A13-055      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Orthogonal Space Projection Processing with Optimized Waveform Selection for Discrete Clutter Mitigation
Abstract:PRA is proposing an innovative Orthogonal Space Projection (OSP) processing technology and a parallel processing architecture to adaptively cancel discrete clutter in real-time. The OSP technique utilizes adaptive waveform diversity with a suite of waveforms with low correlation time-sidelobes. In addition a unique phase differencing technique is used to identify the location of discrete clutter cells in the Range-Doppler map in order to create a matched and mis-matched projection space. These projection spaces are optimally combined to cancel discrete clutter in the Range-Doppler domain. Optimized waveforms are implemented that further reduce the impact of clutter by adaptively nulling appropriate Range-Doppler cells containing clutter in the time-sidelobes. PRA will define a parallel processing architecture that will compute multiple Range-Doppler maps and complete the OSP processing in real time. OSP can be implemented on a single dwell and does not require multiple dwells for convergence. The advantages of the OSP approach are (1) OSP cancellation adapts to the clutter environment including clutter competing directly with the signal, (2) the OSP waveform can be adapted to minimize the effect of strong discrete clutter by creating nulls in the time-sidelobes at appropriate ranges, and (3) the OSP algorithm can be parallelized for real-time processing.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 170
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 601-7847
Bob Burch
A13-056      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Urban Computer Generated Forces (CGF) Models
Abstract:Dignitas Technologies’ Phase I approach will use our 20 years of CGF experience to identify a OneSAF system solution for accurate urban models. We will perform system engineering analysis of alternatives where necessary to provide a compliant system design that integrates key population modeling technology. Our analysis will identify the mechanism for pedestrian and vehicular modeling. We will leverage research in blending crowd approaches with continuous flow modeling, geographic cell local laws, and agents. We will provide a multi-resolution framework that is OneSAF compliant for a seamless urban population model approach. We will also leverage our existing applied research in integrating valid traffic models into OneSAF. We will establish performance criteria that helps guide a configurable cultural representation for urban populations. Our approach will demonstrate how fidelity will be increased in order to have meaningful interactions with other models. We will focus on validity of the approach for representation balanced with resource utilization. Our final report will provide our feasibility assessment and show capacity and scalability of the approach. Phase I will result in a definition that will be used to propose the specific thread for Phase II.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(762) 223-1763
Robert Hubal
A13-056      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Urban Computer Generated Forces (CGF) Models
Abstract:Soar Technology, Inc. (SoarTech) proposes to integrate detailed models of cultural daily activities and patterns of life into simulations of synthetic characters inhabiting, and of vehicular traffic moving in, an urban environment. SoarTech will demonstrate technical feasibility of the approach by integrating these models into the Armys OneSAF in a way that requires minimal resource utilization. To improve simulation realism, the approach focuses on two prongs of behavior simulation: the entities (i.e., synthetic characters and vehicles) must have some model of cultural awareness and they must accurately portray the patterns of life that are predominant in their cultural milieu. By the end of Phase I SoarTech plans to have demonstrated the feasibility of culturally- specific behavior models through the conduct of an experiment. In this experiment a metric of interest will be authenticity, that is, would an expert viewing two scenes, one depicting culturally-specific behaviors and one depicting culture-agnostic (but otherwise realistic) behaviors, be able to determine which scene is which. Additional metrics of interest will be comprehensibility, in particular how easily understood are the parameters by which behavior is altered, and scalability in showing satisfactory performance when tens and hundreds and thousands of culturally-aware synthetic characters are represented.

Freedom Photonics LLC
90 Arnold Place Suite D
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Milan Mashanovitch
A13-057      Awarded: 8/8/2013
Title:Eye-safe, High Speed Laser Transceiver for Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulation System
Abstract:In this program, Freedom Photonics proposes to develop a novel transmitter for for Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulation System.

sdPhotonics LLC
450 South Lake Jessup Avenue
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 929-6675
Sabine Freisem
A13-057      Awarded: 8/15/2013
Title:Tactical Engagement Simulation System (TESS) Improved Laser Encoding and Decoding
Abstract:A new approach to the Army Tactical Engagement Simulation System (TESS) is proposed to increase the link reliability, increase range, and increase the amount of data that can be transferred. The new technology uses both laser sources and detectors with improved propagation properties that meet eye-safety requirements, and meet the cost requirements for TESS laser systems. The new technology offers the prospect of increasing both the laser power and link efficiency by overcoming scintillation and fading problems due to atmospheric turbulence characteristic of battlefield training. Efficiency and the amount of data transferred under engagement pairing may both be increased by utilizing new coding schemes with the lasers and detectors, along with improved digital signal processing. Increased range while retaining important information related to roll-off also appears possible. New techniques to extend battery lifetime will be explored, along with detailed simulation of the expected results and component testing. If successful, field-testing of the new technology is anticipated in a Phase II effort.

Gomez Research Associates, Inc.
4835 University Square Suite 19
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-0154
Yaroslav Tkach
A13-058      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
Abstract:Proposed research will address the phenomenology and develop a technical concept of buried IED defeat through the creation of low-frequency electromagnetic fields in the ground by the LF current injection. The technical concept will be based on creating pulsed low- frequency currents in the ground layer using either explosive or capacitor driven pulsed current source and then employing the key principle of directly coupling the electromagnetic fields, excited by these currents, into the buried IEDs electrical/electronic components. These time varying electric and magnetic fields will couple directly into the IED components or lead wires and incapacitate the IED electronics and/or pre-detonate/disable their blasting caps.

Loki, Incorporated
12596 Whipporwill Rd
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 239-6944
Sergey Shkuratov
A13-058      Awarded: 9/17/2013
Title:Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create non-lethal munitions that generate high-power microwave (HPM) pulses to defeat the electronics used to activate Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) or to attack blasting caps to pre-detonate IEDs. To provide the best Phase I results we plan to develop HPM munitions (which we call HPM grenades whether they are hand-emplace, thrown, or launched) of three types. We base each of the types on a miniature explosive-driven generator that uses less than 10 grams of high explosive as its power source. HPM grenades of each type will fit into existing form factors such as hand or robot delivered munitions, 40 mm grenades, Rocket Propelled Grenades, and Stinger, Hydra, and Javelin missiles as requested by topic A13-58, Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices, contained in the U.S. Army Solicitation A13-058.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
23422 MILL CREEK DR., STE 115
LAGUNA HILLS, CA 92653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-5190
CHIEU NGUYEN
A13-059      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:Innovative Technology for Secure Cloud Computing
Abstract:Metronome and Raytheon propose the development of our Stratus Guardian System (SGS) technology in support of the Government’s critical need for “new innovative solutions to protect applications and data pushed to the cloud computing environment by authorized entities from being exploited or captured by adversaries present in the cloud”. SGS incorporates the following innovative software-based features: Hypervisor Security - providing trusted virtual machines for enterprise-grade cloud platforms through a Secure Hypervisor Architecture that offers Mandatory Access Control (MAC), referencing monitor design, and virtual resource isolation protection; Virtual Machine Encryption - providing both secure Data-At-Rest (DAR) and Data-In-Transit (DIT) through Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) protection that are suitable for classified operations; Network Virus/Malware Protection - providing comprehensive cloud-based virus and malware detection capabilities; Multi-Faceted Intrusion Detection - providing an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) against malicious activities that is modified for virtualized networking environments; and Active Virtual Network Defense - providing a comprehensive set of active networking defense mechanisms based on virtual switching, allowing for shielding virtual domains against adversarial penetration and exploitation.

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1420
Mark Heileman
A13-059      Awarded: 8/30/2013
Title:Fluxus: Innovative Technology for Secure Cloud Computing
Abstract:The Modus Operandi Team proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate innovative technology to detect, prevent, and mitigate security threats at all levels within the cloud computing environment. Within the problem space, our objective is to provide measurable security in the cloud environment that goes well beyond contractual (but unenforceable) trust between the cloud user and the cloud provider. Our desire is to create a security solution which does not rely on detecting specific pieces of known malware, but which can detect features which reveal entire classes of malware without the need of a specific signature. Our proposal addresses detecting malware and, in particular, malware which infiltrates the hypervisor. The proposed technical approach will demonstrate how the Army can leverage cloud-based assets without compromising operational effectiveness. In particular, we leverage a timing noise channel, which allows hosted applications to reason about the environment in which they are executing. This channel can be used to determine if the environment has been compromised, and carry out a limited measure of its trustworthiness. An advantage of our approach is that it does not require administrative access to the underlying hosting platform.

Real-Time Analyzers
362 Industrial Park Road Suite #8
Middletown, CT 06457
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 635-9800
Stuart Farquharson
A13-060      Selected for Award
Title:Portable Fuel Quality Analyzer
Abstract:The overall goal of this proposed program (through Phase III) is to develop a novel Portable Fuel Quality Analyzer (PFQA) capable of identifying diesel or jet fuels and predicting their performance properties. The goal of the Phase I program is to determine the best components to perform these measurements and design a prototype to be built and tested in Phase II. Feasibility will be demonstrated by identifying the best spectral region, resolution, and path length and successfully identify unknown fuels and determining density, distillation, flash point, viscosity, and fuel system icing inhibitor. An option task will design a low cost PFQA that performs the required fuel analyses. The goal of the Phase II program will be to evaluate the ability of two prototype PFQAs to identify diesel or jet fuels and predict their properties. This will be accomplished by building the prototypes, measuring 600 fuel samples, developing and testing comprehensive chemometric models, performing environmental tests, and delivering the prototypes with user friendly software and providing training to US Army personnel.

Great Lakes Sound & Vibration, Inc.
47140 N Main St.
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-7535
Stephen E. Polakowski
A13-061      Selected for Award
Title:Develop Efficient/Leak Proof M1 Abrams Plenum Seal
Abstract:The M1 Abrams has been in production since the early 1980s and is powered by a turbine engine. As the powerpack is installed, the seal that connects the air intake plenum to the turbine inlet is engaged by the pressure of installation. Unfortunately, the installation pressure is not consistent resulting in a leak for sand and water to enter the turbine. Water and sand intrusion leads to premature wear of expensive components, ultimately resulting in a costly and time consuming overhaul of the turbine. There is very little space around the seal area, eliminating the usage of typical seal attachment mechanisms. GLSV is accustomed to challenging mechanism design and prototyping, with prior experience on the M1 Abrams and other combat vehicles. A successful redesign requires engagement with the stakeholders, and GLSV has support of General Dynamics and Honeywell. GLSV has a comprehensive plan to determine the root causes, and to investigate past, current and a number of new innovative seal concepts.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 453-8324
Michael White
A13-061      Selected for Award
Title:Develop Efficient/Leak Proof M1 Abrams Plenum Seal
Abstract:To support the Armys technological requirements for a leak-proof M1 plenum seal, Templeman Automation LLC. (TA) proposes a fresh and innovative analysis of legacy seal performance, failure modes, and improvement options using state-of-the-art computer-assisted engineering and rapid prototyping. TA's TALPS leak-proof plenum seal is designed to be fast, foolproof, reliable, and retrofittable.

HA Consulting
8653 W Rowland Pl
Littleton, CO 80128
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 980-5458
Ronald G Lundgren
A13-062      Selected for Award
Title:Stand Alone Sensor For Air Bag and Restraint System Activation In An Underbody Blast Event
Abstract:The (All In One) AIO shock sensor was developed by H. A. Consulting in collaboration with colleges from New Mexico Tech, Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the University of Utah Math Department. We propose application of the sensor as an early warning device to a vehicle underbody blast event. The device has been unequivcally demonstrated to signal an explosive event before the onset of an intervening body's structural response. This sensor was developed as a replacement for costly explosive pressure sensors that lack environmental hardness, especially within the fire ball, and are subject to wide amplitude swings due to dynamic temperature drift and are range dependent. The AIO sensor has unlimited dynamic range, is not temperature sensitive, and survives within a fireball. It employs the sifting properties of a mathematical Dirac Delta circuit via Alfen wave identification picking off input shock driving pressure, impulse, velocity and conductivity. It is self-powered and its robust voltage output does not require amplification to signal an event.

Paradigm Research and Engineering
3077 N. Foxridge Ct.
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 730-0080
Mehmet Uras
A13-062      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:Stand-Alone Blast Detection and Seat Safety Deployment System
Abstract:Paradigm Research and Engineering proposes to develop a stand-alone blast detection and seat safety deployment system. Proposed sensor system has a Blast Detection Sensor, Energy Storage Module and Electronics Module. It has its own energy harvesting device.

Performance Polymer Solutions Inc.
2711 Lance Drive
Moraine, OH 45409
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 298-3713
Jason E Lincoln
A13-063      Selected for Award
Title:3D FIBER REINFORCED TRANSPARENT COMPOSITES FOR BALLISTIC PROTECTION AND SHOCK ATTENUATION
Abstract:This Phase I Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program will develop and demonstrate a novel transparent composite material based on a state-of-the-art 3D reinforcement of advanced continuous fibers and a high strength, transparent, polymer matrix. The innovation will be used to prepare transparent armor laminates that are at least 30% lighter weight than standard fielded armor laminates, while defeating a multi-hit 0.30 caliber 7.62 mm Armor Piercing (AP) bullet threat at muzzle velocity. In the Phase I program, we will demonstrate laminated armor systems that incorporate transparent, 3D orthogonal non-crimp woven (3DONCW) fabric reinforced composites with high ballistic resistance and shock attenuation. A 12 inch x 12 inch prototype armor laminate will be delivered to the Army for testing. When these 3D transparent composites are incorporated as the intermediate layer in transparent armor laminates, novel, low-cost, high efficiency designs are enabled which result in thinner and lighter weight transparent armor. The proposed technology innovation directly addresses the Armys need for lighter weight, thinner, cost efficient transparent armor, especially for use in windshields and side windows in military ground vehicles. In addition to the multiple Army and Department of Defense (DoD) solider applications, the dual-use nature of the technology will find commercial application in building windows, non-combat face shields for law enforcement/security personnel via explosive ordinance disposal equipment, and ground and air vehicle occupant protection.

Pratt & Miller Engineering & Fabrication, Inc.
29600 W. K. Smith Dr
New Hudson, MI 48165
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 278-5309
Celyn Evans
A13-064      Selected for Award
Title:Hands Free Automatic Coupling Restraint System
Abstract:The current Army fleet of vehicles contains restraint systems that require the Soldier to manually put them on. If a Soldier decides not to wear his or her restraint, the consequences can result in injury or death. The proposed Hands Free Automatic Coupling Restraint System would provide Soldiers a novel restraint system that does not require them to latch or unlatch the restraint. The system would function such that when the Soldier sits in a seat he/she is automatically connected to the seat with no further input required from the Soldier. The Soldier would stay 100% connected to the seat until dismount or during an emergency evacuation, at which time the system would disconnect. The challenge of this technology objective is to safeguard occupants within 90% of the central soldier population, with and without personal gear. All this must be accomplished while mitigating the energy generated by underbody mine blasts, Improvised Explosive Devices, vehicle collisions (frontal, side, rear, rollover), and severe driving conditions (evasive driving and high-speed off-road driving). The restraint system combined with the seat system technology will improve occupant comfort and cross functionality of both the restraint and seating system application and utility for combat and non-combat vehicles.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Stan Desjardins
A13-064      Selected for Award
Title:Hands Free Automatic Coupling Restraint System
Abstract:This Phase II effort consists of conceptual development, modeling, and kinematic evaluation of a hands-free automatic coupling restraint system. The effort includes system and component design activities, development of CAD models, and structural and crash performance analyses. Feasibility will be demonstrated through analyses and kinematic modeling in Phase I. The Phase I Option effort will produce CAD drawings in sufficient detail to enable fabrication of a prototype system for testing in Phase II. Further, the design of test fixtures and test apparatus will be completed and a test plan will be prepared for guiding the Phase II test evaluation and completion of system development.

Pratt & Miller Engineering & Fabrication, Inc.
29600 W. K. Smith Dr
New Hudson, MI 48165
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 278-5314
Kevin Kwiatkowski
A13-065      Selected for Award
Title:Encapsulated Air Energy Absorbing Flooring
Abstract:Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and roadside bombs are currently one of the greatest threats to warfighters who are most often targeted while driving in combat and tactical vehicles. These vehicles must be functional, in that they must be able to carry personnel and gear, while also not being encumbered with a great deal of additional heavy or bulky features. Today's vehicles are currently reaching saturation in terms of the vast array of new equipment and armor being mounted on them. Innovative energy absorbing (EA) solutions that can help prevent energy from underbody blast being transferred to the soldier are a critical component to solving the IED defeat problem. These EA systems, when properly integrated into the vehicle could offset huge armor applique weight costs to vehicle systems. The majority of blast event casualties experience injuries to the lower leg. The current flooring systems are not designed to minimize occupant injuries. Little investment has been made in mitigating the blast impulse from the vehicles underbody structure to the occupant through the use of energy absorbing flooring systems. There are opportunities to evaluate many other technologies to mitigate energy to reduce injury and improve weight/mobility characteristics.

SURVICE Engineering Company
4695 Millennium Drive
Belcamp, MD 21017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 278-9183
Brian Benesch
A13-065      Selected for Award
Title:Encapsulated Air Energy Absorbing Flooring
Abstract:Under-body blast against combat vehicles is a complex and severe environment that requires unique experience as well as specialized materials and geometry design to develop a solution to mitigate leg injuries to occupants. The proposed approach features a synergistic effect by absorbing energy through encapsulated air flow, impedance mismatching, elastically deforming a surrounding structure, designed collapse of the structure, and multi- stage application of these features. Properly evaluating designs within the under-body blast environment requires specialized experience performing detailed finite element analyses of similar scenarios. The proposed design leverages decades of engineering experience in this field, providing a proven design methodology to protect occupants from the severe environment.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0598
Greg Hiemenz
A13-065      Selected for Award
Title:Encapsulated Air Energy Absorbing Flooring
Abstract:Techno-Sciences, Inc., in collaboration with ILC Dover, proposes to develop a novel AirFloor system - a light weight, low cost, air encapsulated structural flooring system to attenuate the loads transmitted to the occupant during a blast event. The proposed AirFloor technology builds upon the teams expertise in developing passive and adaptive energy mitigating technologies and engineered inflatables. AirFloor development leverages in-house modeling and simulation capabilities as well as novel blast venting system to provide optimal and tailored energy absorption in order to minimize floor thickness and facilitate vehicle integration.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6082
Michael Ellis
A13-066      Selected for Award
Title:Armored Vehicle External Radiator
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes the development of an external radiator system that interfaces with the existing cooling system for vehicle internal combustion engines. The Supplemental External Expendable Radiator System (SEERS) must increase the cooling capacity by 20%, have an expendable radiator without the failure of the primary cooling system, provide safety provisions for ground troops and mitigate the SEERS heat signature. The proposed design approach will evaluate two integration schemes and two types of radiators for the SEERS. Each integration scheme has a unique control system to ensure the system is expendable. The first system taps into the existing cooling system with a control scheme to close off flow to the SEERS, if necessary. The second system has a separate loop for the SEERS. The radiator design will evaluate two radiator configurations, a conventional radiator and a radiator using heat pipes. The benefit of a heat pipe radiator is its capacity to take damage on the majority of the radiator without a loss of coolant. The SEERS heat signature will be mitigated with a shroud that covers the radiator. The shroud will help protect nearby ground troops from contact with the radiator fluid if the radiator is punctured.

Hybrid Design Services, Inc.
2479 Elliott Ave.
Troy, MI 48083
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 298-3400
James Pinon
A13-066      Selected for Award
Title:Supplemental External Expendable Radiator (SEER)
Abstract:This Hybrid Design Services (HDS) Phase I proposal investigates Supplementary External Expendable Radiator (SEER) concepts for further development. These concepts include water to water and water to refrigerant Heat Exchange Systems. In this proposal, in addition to heat exchanger options, HDS introduces various concepts for mounting/packaging of the SEER. Lastly, power consumption and methods to conserve energy by recovering waste heat from the engine and/or exhaust system are explored. For demonstration purposes, this proposal provides first order calculations to determine cooling capacity requirements for an AM General HMMWV. Proposed system benefits: A rugged, fit for military use, compact, lightweight, expendable supplemental radiator system that is easily integrated into various existing vehicle architectures. This system will benefit any vehicle that is exposed to demanding usage or hot environments by reducing the likelihood of overheating, premature wear, and potential engine failure. The proposed SEER concepts can also be configured to cool auxiliary electronic devices during Anti-Idle or Silent Watch. In summary, the proposed SEER concepts will increase the units survivability and lethality by enabling extended operations in hot climates with high engine demands. HDS will commercialize this system for use on extreme duty civilian vehicles such as emergency and utility vehicles.

Vorbeck Materials Corp.
8306 Patuxent Range Road Unit 105
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 497-9000
Christy Martin
A13-067      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Low Rolling Resistant Materials for Fuel Efficient Military Tires
Abstract:Substitution of standard military tires for low rolling resistance tires have yielded 7% fuel costs savings on Army demonstrator vehicles. However, tire changes to improve rolling resistance affect other areas of tire performance. A tire is a composite structure made up of different rubber compounds that contain reinforcing fillers, and the fillers have important effect on the tires final performance properties. Despite tire technology and filler advances, a sacrifice of wet grip, abrasion resistance, and/or chip and cut resistance occurs for further improvements in rolling resistance. In the proposed program, Vorbeck Materials will utilize graphene filler technology to develop low rolling resistant, high performance, fuel efficient military tires. Since its isolation a few years ago, graphene has generated significant attention, due to its combination of outstanding electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties. For the current tire application, the unique form and chemistry of graphene can fundamentally change the mechanical performance versus rolling resistance trade-off in rubber tread composites. The Phase I development program will focus on developing graphene-rubber tread composites to achieve maximum mechanical and rolling resistance performance; evaluation of the graphene-rubber composite performance; and demonstration of improved tire fuel efficiency of a baseline military tire using modeling and simulation.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Camille Monnier
A13-068      Selected for Award
Title:Multimodal Interface for Natural Operator Teaming with Autonomous Robots (MINOTAUR)
Abstract:The Armed Forces have a clear need for unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) that can autonomously accompany a soldier or vehicle during maneuvers through complex environments. Such UGVs will help solve logistical problems such as individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack. While various semi-autonomous leader-follower prototypes have been developed in recent years, current systems remain unreliable, cumbersome, and unable to adapt, trading off an operators physical burden for an increased cognitive workload, and eroding the operators trust in the system. The team of Charles River Analytics and 5D Robotics proposes to develop a Multi-modal Interface for Natural Operator Teaming with Autonomous Robots (MINOTAUR). MINOTAUR fuses multiple proven leader-tracking and robot control technologies to provide a natural and reliable hands-free soldier-machine interface (SMI) for soldiers operating in challenging environments. In particular, the system fuses state-of-the- art camera (EO/IR), 2D LIDAR, and ultra-wide band (UWB) beacon based leader-following technologies to eliminate typical failure modes in leader following solutions. The system fuses context cues with inputs from multiple control modalities (e.g., voice and gesture commands) to infer the operators intent in ambiguous situations and provide an appropriate level of robot feedback.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 887-7620
Glenn Taylor
A13-068      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Human Robot Interaction to create Human-Robot Teams
Abstract:A fundamental challenge facing the Army is that soldiers carry too much weight, which dramatically reduces their effectiveness and safety. In order to alleviate this excessive burden, the DoD begun investing in efforts such as a robotic mule that follows a squad and carries their excess gear. However, soldier-machine interface technology has not kept pace with the advances in ground robotics. A robotic platform is normally tasked remotely through an Operator Control Unit, many of which are still teleoperation, which adds more weight to the soldier and requires constant attention. Until more natural interfaces are developed, such robotic systems will continue to be a burden to the soldier rather than an asset. In order to overcome these issues, SoarTech proposes to research and develop a robust heads-up, hands-free natural soldier/robot interface for robotic mule operations. We will develop CONOPS and use cases for interactions with a robotic mule, and investigate a range of modalities and technologies to find the most suitable for robust natural interaction. We will leverage our multi-modal soldier-machine interface that we have demonstrated with a range of robotic entities, extended here with new modalities and interactions specific to squad operations.

Century, Inc.
2410 West Aero Park Ct.
Traverse City, MI 49686
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 231-3844
Matt Kero
A13-069      Selected for Award
Title:Friction Material (brake pads) for Metal Matrix Drums
Abstract:Century Inc. has designed and manufactured aluminum metal matrix composite (MMC) brake drums for multiple applications with great success. These applications include military and commercial applications with axle loads ranging from 8,000 lbs to 23,000 lbs. As applications vary the torque requirements of the brake system also vary. To work with multiple brake systems multiple friction materials are required to couple with the aluminum MMC brake drums. This family of friction materials needs to encompass both low to high coefficients of friction. Currently available friction materials work very well in low to medium coefficient of friction (Mu) applications such as commercial brake systems. The purpose of this proposal is to look at the high Mu materials. This proposal entails fully analyzing known friction materials that work in low to medium Mu applications. This information will be used to then determine modifications that will optimize friction material performance for friction level, fade, recovery, speed sensitivity, noise, and wear. The completion of this Phase 1 SBIR will demonstrate new formulations that will complete the current family of friction materials. A Phase 1 option in this proposal will allow the initial material properties and performance data to be collected with these new formulations.

REL, Inc.
57640 North Eleventh St.
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3018
Adam R. Loukus
A13-069      Selected for Award
Title:Friction Material (brake pads) for Metal Matrix Drums
Abstract:Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) are a novel material technology that can contribute to the survivability, reliability, and mobility of a military vehicle. TARDEC has invested millions of dollars into the development of MMC brake drums, integration and testing. This innovative product has the potential to reduce the weight of a truck by hundreds of pounds. However, an effective braking component must be paired with a proper friction material, and for MMC drum brakes, the friction couple has yet to be optimized. REL, Inc. is an expert in MMC and advanced material products, combining the theoretical and practical for real-world solutions. REL manufactures and sells MMC brake discs and pads for motorcycles, and as such, has developed an extensive library of friction materials. This expertise and experience, together with key industry partners and friction material producers, make REL a very capable entity to develop friction material for MMC brake drums.